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Darlington Memorial Library 

OIIaaH L-LZ..-^ 

Honk 1>kM 

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Secretary of State. 










WESTERN NEW-YORK, 1609, 1615, - - - - 1 




SURRENDER TO THE DUTCH, 1674, 1675, - - 65 


THE PROVINCE, 1657—1712, ----- 101 



COUNTY, -.------- 187 



HARIE, 1680—1795, - - 609 

XI. CENSUS OF SLAVES, 1755, - - - - - . 843 


PLACES, --------- §69 



COUNTIES, --. 959 


BROOME CO., 1753, .------ 1031 

YORK, 1792, -..-_-- 1085 




COUNTRIES, IN 1802, _-_--__ HQS 



XXIII. MEDALS AND COINS, ------- 1179 

XXIV. MISCELLANY, ---- _---. 1187 

Documentary History of New-York — Williamson's Description 
of the Genesee Country — Indian name of Lake Champlain — 
Model of Fitch's Steamboat — Stage between New-York and 
Philadelphia, 1776 — An old Map of New-England and New- 
York — Another Land-mark removed — Ring found on Bur- 
goyne's Camp ground — First Vessel on Lake Erie — First 
Steamboat on Lake Erie — First Settlement of Buffalo — First 
Mail to Buffiilo — First Newspaper in Buffalo — First News- 
paper in Orange Co. — First Newspaper in Newburgh — First 
Newspaper in Queens Co. — First Newspaper in Dutchess Co. 
— First Newspaper in Columbia Co. — First Printers and Print- 
ing in Albany — First Newspapers in Herkimer Co. — First 
Newspaper at Little Falls — First Newspaper at Frankfort- 
First Steamboat on Lake Ontario. 


. Papers rCiatlng to the Iroquois and other Indian tribes. 
II. Papers relating: to tlie first settlement at Onondaga, and the discovery of the Salt Spriigs 
at Salina. 

III. Papers relating to De Courcelles' and De Tracy's Expeditions against the Mohawk In 

dians, 1G65-6. 

IV. Reports on tlie Province of New- York, 1669-1G7S. 

V. Papers relating to M. De La Barre's Expedition to Hungry Bay, 1684. 
VI. Governor Dongan's report on the state of the Province, 16S7. 
VII. Papers relating to Denonville's Expedition to the Genesee Country and Niagara, 1687 
VIII. Names of the Male Inhabitants of Ulster Co., 16S9. 
IX. Papers relating to the Invasion of New- York iud the Burning of Schenectady bv llie 

French, 1690. 
X. Civil List of the Province of New- York, 1693. 

XI. Papers relating to Fronlfenac's Expedition against the Onondagccs, 169«. 
XII. New- York Army List, 1700. 

XIII. Census of .he Counties of Orange, Dutchess and Albany, 1702, 1714, 1720. 

XIV. Cadwallader Colden on the lands of New-York, 1732. 
XV. Papers relatuig to the Susquehannah River, 1683-1757. 

XVI. Papers relating to Ogdensburgh, 1749. 
XVII. Papers relating to Oswego. 

XVIII. Papers relating to the Oneida Country and the Mohawk Valley, 1756, 1757. 
XIX. Papers relating to French Seigniories on Lake Champlain. 
XX. Boundary Line between the Whites and the Indians, 1765- 
XXI Papers relating to the City of New- York. 
XXn. Papers relating to Long Island. 

XXIII. Statistics of Population, 1647—1774. 

XXIV. Statistics of Revenue, Imports, Exports, etc., 1691—1768. 
XXV. Papers relating to Trade and Manufactures, 1705—1757. 

XXVI. Report of Gov. Tryon on the state of the Province, 1774. 


I. Papers relatmg to Lt. Gov. J^eisler's Administration. 
II. Early rate lists of Long Island. 

III. Manuscripts of Sir Wm. Johnson. 

IV. Early Steam Navigation. 

V. Paper* relating to Western Ne-w-Torfe 


champlain's map of new FRANCE, To I'aoe title. 







STEADS THEREON, 1798, 834 




LITTLE FALLS, IN 1802, 1131 

WHITESTOWN, IN 1802, • - - . ' 1133 

UTiCA, IN 1802, 1134 

BARON Steuben's residence in the town of steubex, • . . 1135 

ROME, IN 1802, 1137 


INDIAN WORKS, " " " (NO. 2,) - 1141 

(NO. 3,) . 1142 

(NO. 4,) . 1143 



DENCE, 1181 


NEW- YORK TOKENS, ........ 1134 

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Noil!|cvn anh wcBimx Nciy llork 

1609— 1G15. 


[Voyages de la Nouv: France, par le Sr. de Champlain; Paris, M.DC.XXXIl.] 


Departure from the Sault of the Iroquois River; Description of a 
Great Lake; Rencoimtre with the enemies on said Lake and the 
mode and conduct observed in going to attack the Iroquois. 

I LEFT the Rapid 1 of the said River of the Iroquois on the 2nd 
of July. (1609.) All the Savages began carrying their canoes, arms 
and traps over land about a league and a half, to avoid the cur- 
rent and force of the Rapid, Tliis was quickly efiected. 

They immediately launched the canoes into the water, two 
men in each with their bagage, whilst one of the men went 
by land about a league and a half, which was the probable 
extent of said Rapid, tho' not so violent as at the foot, except at 
some points v/here rocks obstructed the River which is no more 
than three to four hundred paces wide. After the Rapid was 
passed, though not without trouble, all the Indians who had 
gone by land over a pretty good road and level country, though 
covered witli timber, re-embarked in their canoes. My men 
were also on land and I on the water in a canoe. They reviewed 
all their force and found 24 canoes with 60 men. After having 
completed their review, we continued our journey as far as an 
Island three leagues long, covered with the finest pines I ever 
beheld. They hunted and caught some wild animals there. 
Passing thence about three leagues farther on, we camped in 
order to rest for the night. 

. *iow, Chambly, Lower Canada. 


Fortliwitli some began to cut down timber ; others to pull oif 
bark to cover lodges to shelter them ; otliers to fall large trees 
with which to barricade their lodges on the sliore. They know 
so well how to construct these barricades, that five hundred of 
their enemies would find considerable difficulty in forcing them 
in less than two houi-s, without great loss. They do not fortify 
the side of the river along which their canoes are ranged, so as 
to be able to embark should occasion require. 

After they had camped, they despatched three canoes with 
nine good men, as is their custom at all their encampments, to 
reconnoitre witliin two or tlu-ee leagues, if they see anything. 
After which they retire. They depend the wliole night on the 
exploration of the van guard, which is a bad habit of theirs. 
For sometimes their enemies surprize them asleep, and kill them 
witliout having an opportunity of recovering their feet to defend 

Remarking that, I remonstrated with them against the error 
they committed ; told them to watch, as they saAV us do, all 
night, and to have out-posts to spy and see if they could perceive 
anything ; and not to live in that style, like cattle. They told 
me they couldn't watch, and that they laboured all day hunting. 
So that, when they go to war they divide their force into tliree — 
to wit — one party, scattered in divers places, hunting ; another 
forms the main body, wliich is always under arms ; and another 
party as a van guard, to scout along the river and see whether 
they will not discover some trail or mark indicating the passage 
of friends or enemies. This they ascertain by certain marks the 
chiefs of one nation give to those of another, which are not 
always alike -, notifying each other from time to time wlien they 
alter any. By this means they recognize whether those who 
have passed are friends or enemies. The hunters never hunt in 
advance of the main body or the scouts, so as not to. create 
any alarm or disorder ; but in the rear and in tlie direction 
where they do not apprehend enemies. They thus continue 
until they are two or tliree days journey from tlie foe, when they 
advance stealthily by night, all in a body, except tlie scouts, 
and retire by day into the picket fort where they repose, without 
wandering abroad, making any noise or building a fire, even for 


cooking during that time, so as not to be discovered, should their 
enemies happen to pass. The only fire they make is, to smoke. 
They eat dried Indian meal which they steep in water like por- 
ridge. They prepare this meal for use when they are pinched, 
and wlien they are near tlie enemy, or when retreating ; after 
their attacks they do not amuse themselves hunting, retreating 

We left next day, continuing our route along the river as far 
as the mouth of tlie Lake ' . Here are a number of beautiful, 
but low Islands filled with' very fine woods and prairies, a quan- 
tity of game and wild animals, such as stags, deer, fawns, roe- 
bucks, bears and other sorts of animals that come from the main 
land to the said islands. We caught a quantity of them. There 
is also quite a number of Beavers, as well in the river as in sev- 
eral otlier streams which fall into it. These parts, though agree- 
able, are not inhabited by any Indians, in consequence of their 
wars. They retire from the rivers as far as possible, deep into 
the country, in order not to be so soon discovered. 

Next day we entered the Lake, which is of considerable 
extent ; some 50 or 60 leagues, where I saw 4 beautiful islands 
10. 12. and 15 leagues in length, formerly inhabited, as well as 
the Iroquois river, by Indians, but abandoned since they have 
been at wav tlie one with the other. Several rivers, also, dis- 
charge into the lake, guri'ounded by a number of fine trees simi- 
lar to those we have in France, with a quantity of vines hand- 
somer than any I ever saw ; a great many chestnuts, and I had 
not yet seen except the margin of the Lake, where there is a 
large abundance of fish of divers species. Among the rest there 
is one called by the Indians of tlie country Chaousarou, of di- 
vers lengths. The largest I was informed by the people, are of 
eight to ten feet. I saw one of 5, as thick as a thigh, with a 
head as big as two fists, with jaws two feet and a half long, and 
•a double set of very sharp and dangerous teeth. The form of 
the body resembles that of the pike, and it is armed with scales 
that a thrust of a poniard cannot pierce ; and is of a silver grey 

1 Lake ChamplaJn, 


coloiu'. The point of the snout is like that of a hog. This fish 
makes war on all others in the lakes and rivers' and possesses, 
as those people assui-e me, a wonderful instinct ; wliich is, that 
when it wants to catch any birds, it goes among the rushes or 
reeds, bordering the lake in many places, keeping the beak out • 
of the water without budging, so that when the birds perch on 
the beak, imagiiung it a limb of a tree, it is so subtle that 
closing the jaws wliich it keeps half open, it draws the birds 
under water by the feet. The Indians gave me a head of it, 
which they prize liighly, saying, when they have a headache 
they let blood with the teeth of this fish at the seat of the pain 
which immediately goes away. 

ContLQuing our route along the west side of the Lake, con- 
templating the country, I saw on the east side very high moun- 
tains capped with Snow. I asked the Indians if those parts 
were inhabited 1 They answered me, Yes, and that they were 
Iroquois, and that there were in those parts beautiful vallies, and 
fields fertile in corn as good as I had ever eaten in tlie country, 
witli an infinitude of other fruits, and that the Lake extended 
close to the mountains, which were, according to my judgment, 
15 leagues from us. I saw others, to the South, not less high 
than the former ; only, that they were without snow. The 
Indians told me it was there we were to go to meet their enemies, 
and that they were thickly inhabited, & that we must pass by a 
waterfall^ whicli I afterwards saw, and tlience enter another 
lake^* three or four leagues long, and liaving arrived at its head, 
there were 4 leagues overland to be travelled to pass to a river* 
which flows towards the coast of the Almouchiquois, tending 
towards that of the Almouchiquois % and that tliey were oD^y 

1 Sagard mentions in his Graiul Voyage du Pays des Ilurons; Paris 1632, ha> 
ing seen one of tliese fish in the Huron Country ami (ieseribes it in the sam 
terms as Champlain. Compare the above description with tliat of the Oar 
fish and Bo/iy Pike, in Nat. Hist, of N : York: Part III. Reptiles and Amphibia 
pp. 227 and 271, and corresponding Plates. Prof: .\gassiz mentions a simila; 
fish in a recent work on the Natural History of the Upper Lakes. 

2 Ticonderoga. 3 Lake George. 4 Hudson's River. 5 The Indians west ot 
Keimebec River, beginning at Cliouacoet, (Saco) and thence Westwardly a* 
far as Cape Cod were called Almouchiquois. Gallatin's Synopsis of the In- 
dian Tribes, In Trans ; of the Am: Antiq: Soc: iii 31. 


two days going there in their canoes, as I understood since from 
some prisoners we took, who, by means of some Algonquin 
interpreters, who were acquainted with the Iroquois language, 
conversed freely with me about all they had noticed. 

Now, on coming within about two or three days journey of 
the enemy's quarters, w^e travelled only by night and rested by 
day. Nevertheless, they never omitted their usual superstitions 
to ascertain whether their enterprise would be successful, and 
often asked me whether I had dreamed and seen their enemies. 
I answ^ered, no; and encouraged them and gave them good 
hopes. Nigiit fell, and we continued our journey until morning 
when we withdi-ew into the picket fort to pass the remainder 
of the day there. About ten or eleven o'clock I lay down after 
having walked some time around our quarters, and falling 
asleep, I thought I beheld our enemies, the Iroquois, drowning 
within sight of us in the Lake near a mountain ; and being de- 
sirous to save them, that our Savage allies told me that I must 
let them all perish as they were good for notliing. On awaking, 
they did not omit, as usual to ask me, if I had any dream ? I 
did tell them, in fact, what I had dreamed. It gained such 
credit among them that they no longer doubted but they should 
meet with success. 

At nightfall we embarked in our Canoes to continue our joui- 
ney, and as we. advanced very softly and noiselessly, Ave encoun- 
tered a war party of Iroquois, on the twenty ninth of. the 
month, about ten o'clock at nigiit, at the point of a Cape which 
juts into the Lake on the West side. They and we began to 
shout, each seizing liis arms. We withdrew towards the water 
and the Iroquois repaired on shore, and arranged all their canoes, 
the- one beside the other, and began to hew down trees with 
villainous axes, which they sometimes got in war, and others 
of stone, and fortified themselves very securely. 

Our party, likewise, kept their canoes arranged the one along- 
side the other, tied to poles so as not to run adrift, in order 
to fight alltogether should need be. We were on the water about 
an arrow-shot from their bai-ricades. 

When they were armed and in order, they sent two canoes 
from the fleet to know if their enemies wished to fight, who an- 


swered they desired notliing else ; but tliat just then, there was 
not much light, and that we must wait for day to distinguish 
each other, and that they would give us battle at sun rise. This 
was agreed to by our party. Meanwhile the whole night was 
spent in dancing and singing, as well on one side as on tlie otlier, 
mingled with an infinitude of insults and other taunts, such as 
the little courage they had; how powerless their resistance 
against their arms, and that when day would break they should 
experience this to their ruin. Ours, hkewise, did not fail 
in repartee ; telling them they should witness the effects of arms 
tliey had never seen before ; and a multitude of other speeches, 
as is usual at a seige of a town. After the one and the other had 
sung, danced and parliamented enough, day broke. My com- 
panions and I were always concealed, for fear the enemy should 
see us preparing our arms the best we could, being however 
separated, each in one of the canoes belonging to the savage 
Montagnars\ After being equipped with liglit armour we took 
each an arquebus and went ashore. I saw the enemy leave their 
barricade; they were about 200 men, of strong and robust 
appearance, who were coming slowly towards us, with a gravity 
and assurance which greatly pleased me, led on by tlii*ee Chiefs. 
Our's were marching in similar order, and told me that tliose 
who bore three lofty plumes were the Chiefs, and that there were 
but these three and they were to be recognized by those plumes, 
which were considerably larger than those of tlieir companions, 
and that I must do all I could to kill them. I promised to do 
what I could, and that I was very sorry they could not clearly 
understand me, so as to give them the order and plan of attack- 
ing their enemies, as we should indubitably defeat them all ; 

1 At the first settlement of Canada, aU the St Lawrence Indians living below 
and some distance above Quebec were designated by the name of Montagnars or 
MontagnrS. This appellation was derived from a range of hills or mountains 
which, extending Northwesterly from Cape Tourmente (five miles below Que- 
bec) divides the rivers that fall above that Cape into the St Lawrence, the Ot- 
to vva, and Lake Superior, from those, first of the Baguenay, and afterwards of 

the Hudson's bay The great trading place of the Montagnars was 

Tailoussac, at the mouth of the river Saguenay The name (Montag- 
nars) from the identity of language, was soon after extended to all the St Law- 
rence Indians, as high up as Montreal. Gallatin, in Trans, of the Am : AntJq. 
Soc. la., 24. 


but there was no help for that ; tliat I was very glad to encoiir- 
fige tliem and to manifest to them my good will when we should 
be engaged. 

The moment we landed they began to run about two hundred 
paces towards their enemies who stood firm, and had not yet 
perceived my companions, who went into the bush with some 
savages. Our's commenced calling me in a loud voice, and 
making way for me opened in two, and placed me at their head, 
marching about 20 paces in advance, until I was within 30 
paces of the enemy. The moment they saw me, they halted 
gazing at me and I at them. When I saw them preparing to 
shoot at us, I raised my arquebus, and aiming directly at one 
of the three Cliiefs, tuo of them fell to the ground by this shot 
and one of their companions received a wound of which he 
died afterwards. I had put 4 balls in my arquebus. Our's, on 
witnessing a shot so favorable for them, set up such tremendous 
shouts that thunder could not have been heard ; and yet, there 
was no lack of arrov,'S on one side and the other. The Iroquois 
were greatly astonished seeing two men killed so instantaneously, 
nothwithstanding they w^ere provided with arrow-proof armour 
woven of cotton-thread and wood ; this frightened them very 
much. Whilst I was re-loading, one of my companions in the 
bush fired a sliot, which so astonislied them anew, seeing their 
Cliiefs slain, that they lost courage, took to flight and abandoned 
the field and their fort, liiding themselves in the depths of tlie 
forest, whither pui'suing them, I killed some others. Our savages 
also killed several of them and took ten or twelve prisoners. 
The rest carried off" the wounded. Fifteen or sixteen of ours 
were wounded by arrows ; they were promptly cured. 

After having gained the victory, they amused themselves 
plu]iderlng Indian corn and meal from the enemy ; also their 
arms which they had thrown away in order to run the better. 
And having feasted, danced and sung, we returned three hoiu-s 
afterwards with the prisoners. 

The place where this battle was fought is in 43 degrees some 
minutes latitude, and I named it Lake Champlain.^ 

1. The reference in Champlain's map locates this engagement between Laire 
George and Crown Point; probably in what is ngw the town of Ticondcroga, 
Essex Co. 

10 champlain's EXPEDITIOjS-S 


[Six years after the occurrences above noted, Champlain proceeded to the 
Upper Waters of the Ottawa River ; thence crossed over to Lake Nipissing, 
and having discovered the Huron Lake, which he called La Mer douce, or the 
Fresh Water Sea, he joined some Hurons in an expedition against one of the 
Five Nations, south of Lake Ontario, the particulars of which are as follow:] 

Arrival at Cahiague ; Description of the Beauty of the Country ; 
JVature of the hidians who dwell there^ and the Inconveniences 
We experienced. 

On tlie seventeenth, day of August I arrived at Cahiague ^ , 
where I was received with great joy and gratitude by all the 
Indians of the Country. Tliey had intelligence that a certain 
Nation of tiieir allies with whom the Iroquois were at war and 
who resided three good days journey higher up [plus haul) thai] 
the Entouhonorons, wished to assist tills expedition with five 
hundred good men, and enter into alliance and amity with us, 
having a great desire to see us, and that we should wage war aE 
together ; and they testified their satisfaction at being acquainted 
with us J and I, in like manner, for having obtained this oppor- 
tunity to satisfy the desire, I had, of learning something about 
that country. That Nation is very warlike according to the 
representation of the Attigouotans- . They are only tliree vil- 
lages in tlie midst of more than twenty others against whicli 
tiiey wage war, not being able to rec-eive assistance from their 
friends, especially as they must pass through the country of the 
Chouontouaroiion whicli is very populous, or else go a great 
way around. 

Having arrived at this village, it suited me to sojourn there 
whilst waiting until the Warriors should come in from the cir- 
cumjacent villages, then to leave it as soon as possible. During 
this interval, it was a continual series of feasting and dancing, 
through joy for seeing us so determined to assist them in their 
war, and as a guarantee already of victory. 

1 stated to be in 44^ deg. north; probably between Lake Simcoc & the 
Gkiorgian bay of Lake Huron, in Western Canada. It was at the time the 
Huron Country. 

2 One of the five confederated tribes of the Wyandot, or Huron Nation; it 
was composed of twelve villages and gave its name to Lake Huron which was 
called, at the time of its discovery by Champlain, Lake Attiffonatan. 


On tlie assembling of the major part of our forces, we set out 
from the village on the first day of September, and passed along 
the border of a very small lake, distant three leagues from the 
village w^here they take great quantities of fisli wliich they pre- 
serve for winter. There is anotlier Lake adjoining, 2G leagues 
in circumference, descending into the smaller by a cliannel 
where a great catch of said fish is taken by means of a num- 
ber of stakes, which almost close the passage, leaving only 
small openings over which they place tlieir nets to catch the 
fish. These two lakes disembogue into the Fresh Sea [Lake 
HuroD.] We sojourned a wliile at this place to wait for the 
rest of our Indians, where being all assembled witli their arms, 
meal, and necessaries, consultation was had for the selection of 
the most resolute men of the troop, to carry advice of our de- 
parture to tliose who were to assist & join us with five hundred 
men, in order that we may meet at the same time, before the 
enemy's fort. This deliberation adopted, they despatched two 
canoes, wdth twelve of the most robust Indians, and one of our 
interpreters, who requested of me to make the voyage. This 
I willingly permitted him as he was so disposed, and w^ould see 
the country by that means and acquire a knowledge of the 
people wJio inhabit it. The danger was not tritling inasmuch 
as they had to pass through tlie midst of enemies. We con- 
tinued our route towards the enemy, and made about five or six 
leagues tlirough the Lakes, whence the savages carried the 
canoes about ten leagues over land and came to ':.nother Lake 
extending about six or seven leagues in lengtli, and three in 
width. A river issues from this which discharges into the 
Great Lake of the Entouhonorons ' . ilnd having traversed this 
Lake, w^e passed a w^ater fall, proceeding always down along the 
course of said river, about sixty four leagues, which is the 
entrance of tlie said valley of the Entoulionorons, and passed by 
land five rapids (sauis), some four or five leagues long, where 
there are several lakes of pretty considerable extent ; the said 
river which flows between them also abounds with good fish, 

1 Lake Ontario, presumed to hare been so called by the Hurons from tlie fact 
.if their having to cross it to get to the AiUonoronons, or Senecas, who lived 
jn the South asile Of it. 

12 champlain's expeditions 

and all this country is very tine and agreeable. In several 
places along the banks, the trees would seem to have been 
planted for ornament. All this coimtry was formerly inhabited 
by Savages, who have since been constrained to abandon it. 
tlirough fear of their enemies. Vines and nuts are in great 
quantities, and grapes come to matui-ity there, but they leave 
always a sharp sour taste, which proceeds from want of culti- 
vation ; but those that have been cultivated in tliese parts are 

of pretty good flavour. 


We continued along the border of tlie Lake of the Entoulio- 
norons, always hunting as above mentioned ; being there, we 
crossed over at one of the extremities, tending Eastward, wliich 
is the beginning (Ventree) of the river Saint Lawrence, in the 
parallel of forty-three degrees of Latitude. There are some 
beautiful and very large Islands in tliis passage. We made 
about fourteen leagues to cross to the other side of the Lake, 
proceeding southward, towards the enemy's country. The In- 
dians concealed all their cajioes in the woods, neai- the bank. 
We travelled by land about 4 leagues over a sandy plain, wnero 
[ observed a very pleasing and fine country, watered by numer- 
ous small streams, and two little rivers wliich empty into said 
Lake, and a number of ponds and prairies, wlierc there was an 
infinite quantity of game, a great many vines and fine trees, 
vast number of chestnuts, the fruit of which was yet in the 
shell. It is quite small, l3ut well flavored. 

All the canoes being thus concealed, we left the bank of the 
Lake, vv^hich is 80 leagues long and 25 wide. It is inhabited 
Jul- the greater part by Savages, along the sides of the streams, 
and we continued our journey overland some 25 to 30 leagues. 
In tlie course of four days, we traversed a number of streams 
and one river issuing from a lake wliich empties into that of 
tlie Entouhonorons. This lake is 25 to 30 leagues in circunifcr 
ence, with many beautiful Islands, and is the Iroquois fishing 
ground, fish being in abundance there. 

The 9'-'' of October ; Our Indians going out scouting, enconn 
tered eleven Savages whom they took prisoners ; to wit, 1 avo- 
incn, three boys, one girl and tliree men. who were going fishing, 


four leagues distant from the enemy's fort. Now is to be noted 
that one of the Chiefs seeing these prisoners, cut the finger off 
one of those poor women, as the commencement of their usual 
tortm-es. Whereupon I interfered, and censured the Iroquet 
Captain, representing to him that a Warrior, as he called liim- 
self, was not in the liabit of acting cruelly towards women, who 
have no defence but their tears and who, by reason of their 
helplessness and feebleness, ought to be treated with humanit)^ 
Tliat on the contrary tliis act would be supposed to proceed 
from a vile and brutal courage, and that if he committed any 
more of those cruelties, lie would not encoui-age me to assist 
them, nor to favor their war. Whereupon he replied, that 
their enemies treated them in the same manner. But since such 
customs displeased me, he Avould not act so any more to women, 
but exclusively to men. 

Next day, at three o'clock in the afternoon we arrived before 
the enemy's fort, where the Savages had some skirmishes, the 
one against the other, though it was not our design to discover 
ourselves imtil the morrow : But the iuipatience of our- Savages 
would not brook this, as well tlu*ough the desire they felt to see 
us fire on their enemies, as to liberate some of their men who 
had ventured too far. Then I advanced and presented myself, 
but with the few men I had ; nevertheless I shewed them what 
they never saw nor heard before. For as soon as tliey saw us, 
and heard the reports of the Arquebus, and the balls whistling 
about their ears, tliey retired promptly within their Fort, carry- 
ing off their wounded and dead ; and we retreated in hke man- 
ner to oiu- main body, with five or six of our wounded, one of 
whom died. 

This being done, we retired within gun shot, beyond the view 
of the enemy, contrary, however, to my advice, and to what 
they had promised me. Which moved me to make use of and 
express to them pretty rude and angry w^ords, in order to incite 
them to their duty, foreseeing, that if every thing went accord- 
ing to their fantasy, and council, nothing but misfortime would 
result, to their nun and destruction. Nevertheless, I failed not 
to send to them and to propose means necessary to be used to 
overcome tlieir enemies ; wliich was, to construct a moveable 


tower (cavalier) of timber to overlook tlieir pickets, whereupon 
I should post four or five of our Arquebusseers, Avho would 
fire over the palisades and galleries, which were well supphed 
with stones, and by this means, the enemy who annoyed us from 
their galleries would be dislodged ; and in the mean time we 
should give orders for some boards to form a species of parapet 
to cover and protect our men from the arrows and stones. These 
things, namely, the tower and parapets could be moved by 
main force ; and one was made in sucli a way that water couJd 
not extinguish the fire to be applied to the front of the fort ; and 
those on the tower would do their duty with some Arquebus- 
seers posted there, and thus acting, we should so defend our- 
selves that they could not .approach to extinguish the fire, that 
we should apply to their pickets. Approving tliis, they began 
next morning, to construct and prejDare said tower and parapets ; 
ajid made sucIi progress that these were finished in less than four 
hours. They were expecting the arrival this day of the five 
hundred men that had been promised, which was however 
doubtful ; not being at the rendez-vous, as directed and as they 
had promised, our Savages were much afilicted. But seeing 
that they were numerous enough to capture the forts, and for 
my part, considering delay to be always prejudicial, at least in 
most cases, I urged them to attack said fort, representing that 
the enemy discovering their strength and the effect of our arms, 
which pierced wliat was arrow proof, would barricade and shel- 
ter themselves, which indeed, they did very well. For their 
village was enclosed with strong quadruple palisades of large 
timber, thirty feet high, interlocked the one with the other, with 
an interval of not more tlian half a foot between them ; with 
galleries in tlie form of parapets, defended with double pieces 
of tbnber, proof against our Arquebuses, and on one side they 
liad a pond with a never failing supply of water, from wliich 
proceeded a number of gutters which they liad laid along the 
intermediate space, throwing the water witliout, and rendered 
it effectual inside, for the purpose of extinguisliing fire. 

Such was their mode of fortification and defence, which was 
mucli stronger than the villages of the Attigouatans [Hurons] 
and others. 



^^ We advanced, then, to attac^ the villaa;e, causino; our tower 





14 champlain's expeditions 

tower {cavalier) of timber to overlook their pickets, whereupon 
I should post four or five of our Arquebusseers, who would 
lire over the palisades and galleries, which were well supplied 
with stones, and by this means, the enemy who annoyed us from 
their galleries would be dislodged ; and in the mean time we 
should give orders for some boards to form a species of parapet 
to cover and protect our men from the arrows and stones. These 
things, namely, the tower and parapets could be moved by 
main force ; and one was made in such a way that water could 
not extinguish the fire to be applied to the front of the fort ; and 
those on the tower would do their duty with some Arquebus- 
seers posted there, and thus acting, we should so defend oiu*- 
selves that they could not .approach to extinguish the fire, that 
we should apply to their pickets. Approving tliis, they began 
next morning, to construct and prepare said tower and parapets ; 
and made sucli progress that these were finished in less than four 
hours. They were expecting the arrival this day of the five 
hundred men that had been promised, which was hoAvever 
doubtful ; not being at the rendez-vous, as directed and as they 
had promised, our Savages were much afllicted. But seeing 
that they were numerous enough to capture the forts, and for 
my part, considering delay to be always prejudicial, at least in 
most cases, I urged them to attack said fort, representing that 
the enemy discovering their strength and the effect of our arms, 
wliich pierced what was arrow proof, would barricade and shel- 
ter themselves, which indeed, they did very well. Tor their 
village was enclosed with strong quadruple palisades of large 
timber, thirty feet high, interlocked the one with the other, with 
an interval of not more tlian half a foot between them ; with 
galleries in the form of parapets, defended with double pieces 
of thuber, proof against our Arquebuses, and on one side they 
had a pond with a never failing supply of water, from wliich 
proceeded a number of gutters which they had laid along the 
intermediate space, throwing the water without, and rendered 
it effectual inside, for the purpose of extinguisliing fire. 

Such was their mode of fortification and defence, which was 
much stronger than the villages of the Attigouatans [Hurons] 
and others. 

14 champlaik's expeditions 

tower {cavalier) of timber to overlook their pickets, wliereupoa 


We advanced, then, to attack the village, causing our tower 
to be carried by two hundred of our strongest men. They 
placed it within a pike's length in front and I posted on it four 
Arquebusseers, well sheltered from any arrows and stones that 
might have been shot at them. Nevertheless, the enemy did 
not, for all that, cease discharging and throwing a great number 
of arrows and stones over their pickets. But the multitude of 
Arquebus shots that were j5red, constrained them to vacate and 
abandon their galleries. But according as the tower was moved, 
instead of bringing the parapets as ordered and that on which 
we were to have placed the fire, they abandoned them and com- 
menced to yell against their enemies, shooting arroAvs within 
the fort, which, in my opinion, did not do much exeeution. 
They are very excusable, for they are not soldiers, and are 
moreover averse to discipline or correction and do only what 
they like. Wherefore, one inconsiderately applied the fire to 
the wrong side of the fort, or to leeward, so that it produced no 
efiect. On the fire being kindled, the most of the savages began 
. to set wood against the pickets but in such small quantities, that 
the fire did not much good. Tlie disorder that super^^ened was 
in consequence so great, that it was impossible to hear. In vain 
I cried to them and remonstrated as well as I was able against 
the imminent danger to which tliey exposed themselves by their 
stupidity. They heard nothing in consequence of the violent 
noise faey made. Seeing that by shouting I was only splitting 
my skull, and that my remonstrances were in vain and that this 
disorder was irremediable, I resolved to do what was in my 
power with my men, and fire on those we could discover or 
perceive. Yet, the enemy profited by oiu- disorder. Tliey went 
^o the water and discharged it in such abimdance, that rivers, it 
may be said, spouted from their gutters, so that the fire was 
extinguished in less than no time, and they continued to pour 
aiTows on us hke hail. Those on the tower killed and wounded 
a great many. 

This engagement lasted about three hours. Two of our chiefs 
and leaders were wounded ; to wit, one called Ochateguain ; 
the other Orani, and about fifteen individuals besides. The rest 
seeing their folks, and some of their chiefs wounded, began to 

IG champlain's expeditions 

talk of retreating, without figliting any more, expecting the 
five hundred men whose arrival was not far off; and so they 
withdrew, having accomplished nothing save this disorderly 
splutter. However, the chiefs have no absolute control of their 
companions who follow their wliim, and act their pleasure, 
which is the cause of tlieir disorder and ruins all their afiairs. 
In having taken a resolution, any poor devil can make them 
violate it and change their plan. Tlius, the one with the other", 
tliey effect nothing as may be seen by this expedition.^ 

Having received two wounds from arrows, one in the leg and 
the other in tlie knee, which sorely incommoded me, we with- 
drew into our fort. Being all assembled there, I remonstrated 
with them several times on account of the disorder that had 
occurred. But all my talk was in vain ; they said many of theii- 
men had been wounded and I also, and that it would be very 
inconvenient and fatiguing to carry them, on the retreat ; that 
tliere was no means of returning again to the enemy as I had 
proposed to them ; but that they would wilhngly wait foiu* days 
more for the five hundred men that were expected, on whose 
arrival they would renew the effort against the enemy, and 
execute what I had told them, better than they had already done. 
It was necessary to stop there, to my great regret. Here is 
represented the manner in which they fortify their towns, and 
by this engraving it may be understood and seen that those of 
friends and enemies are similarly fortified. 

Next day blew a very strong and violent wind which lasted 
two days, particularly favorable for setting the enemy's fort in 
a blaze, wliich I strongly urged on them. But fearing a failure, 
and moreover representing themselves as wounded, they would 
not do any tiling. 

We remained encamped until the 16'^ of the month. Several 
skirmishes occurred diu'ing that time between the enemy and 
our people who became oftenest engaged with them rather by 
tlieir imprudence than tlirough want of corn-age ; and I can 
assure you, that every time they made a cliarge, we were obliged 

1 The point at which the above cngagfcment took place is marked on tlie 
annexed map. It seems to have been fought in the neighborhood of lake Canan- 


to extricate tliem from the difficulty, not being able to extricate 
tiiemselves except by the help of our arquebuses which the 
enemy dreaded and greatly feared. For as soon as th.ey perceived 
one of our Arquebuseers, they immediately retreated, telling us 
by way of persuasion not to meddle with their fights, and that 
their enemies had very little courage to require our assistance ; 
with many other such like discourses. 

Seeing tiiat the five liundred men were not coming, they pro- 
posed to depart and retreat at once, and began to make certain 
litters to convey their wounded, wlio are put in them, tumbled 
in a heap, doubled and strapped in such a way tliat it is impos- 
sible to stir ; less than an infant in its swaddling clothes ; not 
Vv'ithout considerable pain, as I can certify, having been carried 
several days on the back of one of our Indians, thus tied and 
bound, so that I lost all patience. As soon as I had strength to 
bear my weiglit, I got out of this prison, or to speak plainer out 
of hell. 

The enemy pursued us about tlie distance of half a league, 
endeavoring to catch some of the rear guard. Eut their labor 
was in vain and they retired. 

All I remarked in their wars, is, that they retreat in good 
order ; placing all tlieir Vvounded and old people in their centre, 
they being in front, on the wings and in the rear, well armed 
and arranged in sucli v.ise according to order, until t'.ey are in 
a place of safety, without breaking their line. Their retreat was 
very tedious, being from 25 to 30 leagues, wliich greatly fatigued 
the wounded and those who carried them, though they relieved 
each other from time to time. 

On the 18*'' of said month some snow fell which melted 
rapidly. It was accompanied by a strong wind fnat greatly 
annoyed us. Nevertheless we contrived to get to the borders of 
the lake of the Entouhonorons and at the place where we had 
concealed oiu- canoes which we found safe ; for we feared lest 
the enemy might have broken them. 

Vol. III. 

18 champlain's expeditions 

Table of Remarkable Places in Champlavn?s Majp. 

A. Bay of Islands. 

B. Calesme. 

C. Bay Trcpassez. 

D. Cape Levy. 

E. Cape Bay Harbour where they fish for Coil. 

F. The North East & South West Coast of Newfoundland which is very 

well known. 

G. The Northern passage at the 52d decree. 
H. St. Paul's Island, near Cape St Lawrence. 

1. Sasinou Island, between Mont Desert islands and Crow Islands. 

K. Montreal Island at Sault Saint Louis, about eight or nine leagues in 

L. River Jeannin, 
M. River St. Antolne. 
N. Sort of Salt Water which discharges into the Sea, with flux & reflux, 

considerable fish & cockles and oysters nowhere very palatable. 
P. Shell Island, at the entrance of the River St Croix ; good fishing. 
Q. Fishing Islands. 
R. Lake Soissons; [now Lake of the Two Mountains, called Soissons by 

Chaniplain in honor of his patron Charles de Bourbon, Count de 

S. Gulf Bay. 

T. Mount Desert Island, very lofty. 
V. St. Barnabc Island in the Grand River, near Bic. 
X. Lesquetnain where there is a little river abounding in Salmon & Trout; 

alongside this is a little rocky islet where there was formerly a Whale 

fishery; [below Tadoussac] 
Y. Larks' point {Aux Allouettcs) [at the mouth of the Saguenay River] where 

in the month of September there is an inconceivable number of them 

as of other sorts of game and shell fish. 
Z. Hares Islaid, thus named from some of them having been caught there 

when it was first discovered. 

2. Lesquilie harbour, which is dry at low water; there are two streams there 

that come from the mountains. [There is a river of this name at 

3. Salmon harbour, dry at low water; there are two islets full, at the proper 

season, of strawberries, raspberries & blueberries; near this place is a 
good harbour for ships, and within the harbour are two small streams. 

4. Platte River, coming from the mountains is navigable for canoes; this 

place dries very far towards the water and at the Traverse is good 
anchorage for ships. 

5. Isle aux Coudres, a league and a half long, where there are quantities of 

hares, partridges and other game in season. At the south west point are 
meadows, and a number of shoals towards the water. There is an 
anchorage for ships between said Island and the north shore. 

6. Cape Torment, one league from which Sieur de Champlain had erected a 

Settlement which was burneil by the English in the year 1628; near this 
place is Cape Brule, between which and the Isle aux Coudres is a chan- 


nel of 8. 10. & 12 fathoms of water. Oa the South shore are mud and 
rocks & on the North, high land &c 

7. The Island of Orleans, six leagues long; very beautiful and pleasing on 

account of the diversity of timbei', meadows & vines in some parts, 
with nut-trees. The west end of this island is called Cape Cond'-. 

8. Falls of Montmorency, twenty fathoms high; formed by a liiver which 

comes from the mountains and empties itself into the River St Law- 
rence a league & a half below Quebec. 

9. St Charles River, which rises in Lake St. Joseph; very beautiful k. agree- 

able, with meadows at low water; Vessels at high water can go as far 
as the first Rapid. On this river are built the churches and establish- 
ments of the Revd. .Tesuit and Recollet Fathers. Game abounds there 
in Spring and Fall. 

10. Etchemins River, by which the Indians go to Quinebequi, crossing the 

country with difficulty on account of Rapids and shallow Water. Sieur 
Champlain had this discovery made in 1628, and there was found an 
Indian tribe within 7 days journey of Quebec, called the Abenaqui-oit. 

11. Champlain River, near that of Batisquan, north east of Grondines. 

12. Indian River. [Trois Pistoles.] 

13. Green Island, five or six leagues from Tadoussac. 

14. Isle de Chasse. 

15. Batisquan River, very agreable and full of fish. 

16. Grondines and some adjoining Islands; good place for fishing and hunting. 

17. Stuigeon anil Salmon River, where there is, two leagues from at Croix, a 

waterfall 15 to 2tJ feet high, which forms a sort of little pond that 
flows into the Great River St Lawrence. 

18. St Eloy Island; ihere is a passage between this Island and the north shore. 

19. Lake St Peter, very fine; has three fathoms of water; full of fish; envi- 

roned by hills and flatlands with interval meadows, and several small 
streams and rivers which empty into it. 

20. River du Gast. [the Nicolet?] very pleasing, though shallow. 

21. River St Antoine. 

23. YroquOis River, [Richelieu] very beautiful, with several Islands and 

meadows. It flows from Lake Champlain, which is five or six days 
journey in length ; abounding in fish and game of various sorts; vines, 
hickory, plum trees, chestnuts are very common in many parts; there 
are also meadows and beautiful Islands in said Lake. A large and smaU 
rapid must be passed to reach it. 

24. Falls of the Saguenay liver, 50 leagues from Tadoussac; it falls over ten or 

twelve fathoms high. 
?5. Great Fall, which descends some 15 feet in height among a great number 

of Islands. It is half a league in length and three leagues wide. 
26. Mouton harbour [Nova Scotia] 
n. Canseau bay. 

28. Cape Baturier, at St Johns' [now Pr. Edward's] Island. 

29. River by which people go to the French Bay, [of Fundy.] 

30. Elk hunting. 

31. Cape Richelieu, east of the Island of Orleans. 

32. Little Bank near the Island of Cape Breton. 

33. RiveP dcs Puans, which comes from a Lake where there is a mine of red 


20 champlain's expeditions 

i4. Gaston Rapid [Sault St Mary] nearly 2 leagues in width which falls into the 
Mer diuce coming from another very large Lake [Sujierior], which and 
the Mer douce contain according to tlie report of Indians, 30 iiays journey 
in canoes. 

Returning to the Gulf of St Lawrence and Coast of Acadie. 

35. Gaspey River. 

36. Chalcur Ri\er. 

37. Several Islands near Miscou, as well as Miseou harbour between two 


38. Cape of ihe Island St John, [Prince Edward] 

39. Rossignol Harbour [N. S.] 

40. Platte River, [near Halifax N. S.] 

41. Cape Naigrj harbour. There was a French post in the Bay of said Cape, 

coniiiiamie.l liy Sieur de la Tour, which he nanieil Port Lalour, where 
the Revd. Recollets Fathers resiiled in the year 1630. 

42. Cape Sable Bay 

43. Seine bay 

44. Bay Courante, where there is a number of Islands abounding with frame, 

gooil fishing, and excellent harbours for vessels. [Barrington Harbour, 
N. S.] 

45. Cape Fourchu harbour, very agreable, but tis almost entirely bare at low- 

water. Contiguous to this i)lace°are a number of Islands and good 

47. Long island gut, [near bay of Fiindy] There is good cod fishing here. 

48. Cape of the two Bays. [Chicgnecto Hay, N. S.] 

49. Port des Mines where at low water are found in the roclcs along the Coast 

small pieces of very pure co; i>er. 
60. Bacchus Islinci, very pleasing, where there are quantities of vines, nut, 
plum and other irees. 

51. Islanils near ihc mouth of the River Chouacoet. [Saco?] 

52. Very lofty islajids to the number of 3 a 4 at the entrance of Long Bay, and 

2 tt 3 leagues from land. 

53 Bay of islanils, where there arc places suitable for harboring vessels ; the 
country is very g lo i and people I by a number of savages wiio ctiltivate 
the soil; in these places are pines, vin^os ami hickory. [Boston Harbor. J 

51. The Suspicious Islands about a league seaward. 

65. Long Bay. 

56. The Seven Islands. 

57. Eschemins River. 

The Virginias ivhere the English are settled 

from 36 to 37 degrees of Latitude. 

About 3G or 37 years ago Capttains 

Eilault end Laudoniii're 

had discovered an d made 

a settlement on the 

coast adjoining • 


iNtO northern and western NEW-YORK. 2il 

58. Several rivers of the Virginias which discharj^e into the Gulf. 

59. The coast of a very tine country inhabited by Savages who cultivate it. 

60. Point Comfort. - » 

61. Immestan (Janics town.) 

62. Cliesuiieacq Bay. 

63. Bedubeilec; [Pemaquid 7] the west coast of the river of Pcmetciroet. 


64. Beautiful Prairies 

65. The Place in Lake Champlain, where the Yroquois were defeated by said 

Sieur Chami)lain, in the year 16U6. 

66. Little Lake by which we go to the Vroquois after passing that of Champlain. 

67. Bay lies Trepass^z, Newfoundland. 

68. Chappeau Rouge. 

6y. Bay du Sainte Esprit. [Bay of Fortune.] 

70. The Virgins. 

71. Port Breton, near Cape St. Lawrence in Cape Breton Island. 

72. The Bergeronnetfes, three leagijcs below Tadoussac. 

73. Cape dEspoir near Percee Island. [Now sometimes printed Cape Despair.] 

74. Forillonai Gasp:' point. 

75. Island of Mont-real iit Sanlt St. Louis in the River Saint Lawrence. 

76. River des Prairies, which fl.iws from a lake at Sault St. Louis. wUiere there 

are two Islands, of which ihat of Mont-real is one. Trade was carried 
on with the Intiians there several years. 

77. Chaudirre Rapid on the river of ihe Algommequins [Ottawa] which has a 

full of IS feet high; it runs through rocks where it makes a great roar. 

78. Lake ol Nibachis, an Indian Chief who resiiles there and cultivates a little 

patch of ground whore he plants Indian corn. 

79. Eleven hikes, one near the other, containing I, 2 and 3 leagues; abounding' 

in fish and game. The Indians sometimes lake this route to avoid the 
Calumet Rapid, which is very dangerous. A portii n of these places is 
loaded with pines which discharge a quantity of resin. 

80. Rapid of Calumet rock which is like alabaster. 

81. Island of Tesouac, an Algonkin Chief where the Indians pay tribute to be 

allowed to pass to Quebec. 

82. Ti'soauc river where there are five rapids to pass. 

83. River by which several Indians go to the sea north of the Saguenay, and to 

Three Rivers, making some portage overland. 

84. Lakes by wliich people go to the North Sea. 

85. River which flows to the North Sea. 

86. Country of the Hiirons, so called by the French, where there are a number 

of tribes and 17 villpges incosed with triple paiis.ides of wood, with 
galleries all around in form of parapet, to ilefend themselves from their 
enemies. This country is in latitude 14 degrees and a half, very good, 
and the lantl is cultivated by the Indians. 

87. Portage of a league, over which canoes are carried. 

88. River which discharges into the Mer dmicc. 

89. Vi.lage cnclosetl by 4 pallisades, where Sieur Champlain went to war 

against the Antouhonorons, where he took several Indian prisoners. 

90. Very high waterfall at the headof Sault (qu. Lake?) St. Louis; descending 

which various sorts of fishes become dizzy. [Niagara.] 

22 champlain's kxpkditions 

91. Small river near the Ghaudiere rapid, where there is a waterfall nearly 2C 

fathoms high, which throws the water in such a volume and with such 
velocity, that it forms a very high arch, under which the savages pass 
for amusement without being wet; a thing pleasant to behold. 

92. Til is river is very fine, and passes through a number of beautiful lakes and 

meadows by which it is bordered ; a number of islands of various lengths 
and widths; abounding in deer and othor animals; very good fishing 
of excellent fish, quantity of very good cleared lands, which have 
been abandoned by the savages on account of their wars. This River 
discharges into lake St. Louis, and divers Nations pass into these coun- 
tries to hunt for their winter supplies. [River Trent, Canada West.] 

93. Chestnut woods, where there are a great many chestnuts on the shore of 

lake St. Louis and numbers of meadows, vines and hickories. [Os- 

94. Species of salt water lakes at the head of la Bale Francoisc, [B. of Fundy.] 

reached by the flux and reflux of the tide. There are islands with a 
number of birds and a quantity of meadows in those parts. Into these 
sorts of lakes discliarge small rivers by which one can reach the Gulf of 
St. Lawrence, near the Island of St. John. 

95. Isle Haute, one league in circumference, flat on the top, where there ia 

fresh water and plenty of timber; one league distant from Port aux 
Mines and Cape des deux Bayes. It is more than 40 toises high on all 
sides, except one place which slopes where there is a triangular rocky 
point, and in the middle a pond of salt water and a number of birds that 
build their nests in this Island. 
i River of the Algomequins. [Ottawa.] From Sault St. Louis to near the 
lake of the Bisserens, there there are more than 80 Rapids big and little, 
to be passed, either by land or by force of oars, or by towing on land 
by ropes. Some of these Rapids are very dangerous, especially com- 
ing down. 

Petun Nation is a tribe tliat cultivates that plant [Tobacco] 
in which they drive a considerable trade witli tlie other nations. 
They have lir^^e villages, enclosed with timber and phint Indian 

Cheveux relevez, are savages wliich do not wear a breech 
cloth and go quite naked except in winter when they clotli them- 
selves in skins, wliicli they lay aside going from home into the 
interior. They are great hunters, fisliermen and voyageurs, 
cultivate the soil and plant Indian corn ; dry blue and straw- 

1 Called by the French Quicun.mtates, Kionontates, or Tiononlates; by 'ho 
Englisli, Dionondadies. It was one of the live confederated Huron Tribes. 
After the destruction of the Hurons by the Iroquois in 164!), a remnant of the 
Dionondadies took refuge among the Chippeways of Lake Superior, and arc 
referred to in Oongan'stimeas in the vicinity of Michilimakinac. Thry removed 
afterwards to Detroit and are found in 1721, taking a leading part in the councils 
of the western tribes. 


Derries, in which they carry on a great trade wit]i the other 
tribes, from whom they get in exchange, peltries, wampum, 
thread (lilets) and other commodities. Some of these tri1x>s 
pierce the nose from wliich they liang beads ; cut the body in 
rays to which they apply charcoal and otlicr colours ; wear the 
hair very erect, wliich they grease and paint red as well as their 
faces. ' 

The Neutrai. Nation, is a tribe which maintains itself against 
all others and has no war except against the Assistaque-ronons. 
It is very powerful having forty villages thickly peopled. =^ 

The Antouho-norons are 1 5 villages built in strong positions ; 
enemies of all others except the Neutral nation ; their country 
is fine and in a good climate near the river St Lawrence, the 
passage of which they block to all other nations, the consequence 
of which is that it is less frequented. They cultivate and plant 
their lands. 

The Yroquois and the Antouhonorons make war together 
against all the other nations, except the Neutral nation. 

Carantouanis is a nation to the south of the Antouhonorons 
in a very beautiful and rich country, where they are strongly 
lodged, and are friends with all the other nations except the 
Antouhonorons, from whom they are only three days distant. 
They formerly took prisoners from the Dutch, whom they sent 
back without doing them any injury, believing they were Frencli- 

From Lake St. Louis to Sault St. Louis, which is the great 
river St. Lawrence, there are five rapids ; quantity of beautiful 

1 Sagart calls this tribe, the Antlatahouats, who wear their hair topped up in 
front, " more erect than a Jady's peruke." 

2 The Neutral Nation were called Attiuo ndas by the French. They wore 
four or five days journey, says Sagart, south of the Quieunontates. Chai. jilain 
locates them on the south shore of Lake Erie; but in subsequent maps they arc 
laiit down on the north shore. Sagart estimates the number of their warriors, 
in 1625, at 5 to 6,000, and says their country was nearly one hundred leagues in 

The Assistague-eronnons were called, also, the '<F re Nation;'' Seesfa, or 
Assista sigiiif) ing, in the Huron ton^^ue, jirt, and Eioiim'ins, Nation or People. 
This nation was located in the country near the Great Lakes, where Charlevoix 
t. I., 447, mentions a tribe under the name of Mascontins, or Nniion du Ftu. In 
1721 , they wore found in VV isconsin and the north of 111 inois. The name JMascon- 
tin signifies literally, a Prairie. See Gallatin's Synopsis, GI. 

24 ' ckamplain's expeditioks 

lakes and fine islands ; the country agreeable and abounding in 
hunting and lisliing ; fit to be settled were it not for the wars 
the Indians liave the one against the other. 

Tiie Mer douce is a vast lake in which are an infinite number 
of Islands ; it is very deep and abounds with fish of all sorts 
and of a monstrous size which are caught at divers times and 
seasons as in the wide ocean. The south coast is much more 
agreeable tlian the north, where there is a quantity of rocks and 
a great many Elk [Caribou.) 

Lake Bisserenis is very handsome having a circumference of 

25 leagues and a number of islands full of trees, and meadows 
where the savages camp to fish in the river for sturgeon, pike 
and carp of monstrous size and very excellent ; they are caught 
in quantities; game is also very abundant there, though the 
country is not very agreeable on account of the rocks in most 

•,• For the localities occupied by the several tribes above mentioned the reader 
is refencil lo Clium|)lain s Map, accompanying this Vol. 




S'nst 0ctllcmcut of Ncit) flork 



[From H'assenaers Historie Van Europa. Amsterdam; 1K21-Iti32.] 

Numerous voyages realize so much profit for adventurers that 
they discover other countries, which they afterwards 
^•^^^ settle and plant. Virginia, a country lying in 42i 
^""laiid"''^'' ^it^gi'^^s, is one of tliese. It was first peopled by the 
French ; afterwards by the English and is to-day a 
flourishing colony. The Lords States General observing the 
great abundance of their people as well as their desire to plant 
other lands, allowed the West India company to settle that same 
country. Many from the United Colonies did formerly and do 
still trade there ; — ^yea, for the greater security of the traders, a 
Castle — Fort Nassau — had been built on an Islajid in 42 degrees, 
on the North side of the River Montag^ie^ now called Mauritius. 
But as the Natives there were somewhat discontented, and not 
easily maufiged, the projectors abandoned it, intending now to 
plant a Colony among the Maikans a Nation lying 25 miles' 
on both sides of tiie Kiver, upwards. 

This River, or the Eay, lies in 40 degrees, running well in • 
being as broad or v.ide as tlie Thames, and navigable 
Of the River, full fifty mllcs Up, through divers Nations, who some- 
times manifest themselves with arrows, like enemies, 
sometimes like friends ; but when they had seen the ships once 
or twice, or traded with our people, they became altogetiier 

1 The miles stated in this paper are Dutch, one of which is equal to three 
American miles. 


jBelow tlic Mai/cans are situate these Tribes ; Mechkentoweonj 

Tapanis^ on the West side ; Wiekagjock, Wyeck, on the 

What Nations ^^st Side. Tvvo Nations lie there lower down at 

ate tliereuljouts. 

Klinckersberg. At the Fisher's hook are Pachany^ 
Wurenecker Warrawannankonckx: In one place, Esopes, are 
two or three Tribes. The JWa?i/ia^€5 are situate at the mouth. 
In the interior are also many, as the Maquas. Full fifty miles 
further are found likewise many villages, aU which come to thls' 
River to trade from the interior which is very swampy, great 
quantities of water running to the River, overflowing the 
adjoining country, which was frequently the cause that Fort 
Nassau lay under water and was abandoned. 

This country now called New Netherland is usually reached 
in seven or eight weeks from here. The course lies 
ul";s^,uo'\h'I towards the Canary Islands : thence to the Indian 
cu^.try. jsiaiuls, then towards the main land of Virginia, 
steering rigiit across, leaving in fourteen days tlie Bahamas on 
the left, and the Bermudas on the right hand where tlie winds 
are variable vdth which the land is made. 

Res]>cc :,,g Religion we as yet cannot learn that they liave 
awy knowledge of God, but there is something similai 

Of ii.eir ij2 re pule among them. What they have is set over 
them by the " Cabal " from ancestor to ancestor. 
They say tiial mention was made b}' ' 'leir forefathers for many 
thousand mouns, of good and evil spirits, to whose honor, it is 
supposed, they burn fires or sacriftws. They wish to stand 
well with t'le Good spirits j they like exliortations about them. 
The Ministry of their spiritual affairs is attended to by one they 
call Kifzifiacka, wliich, I think, is Priest. When any one among 
them is sick, he visits liim ; sits by him and bawls, roars and 
cries like one possessed. If a man die, he is laid in the earth 
without a coHin, witli all his costly garments of skins. Tiiis 
Pri«;st has no Viouse of his own. He lodges where he pleases, 
or wiierji he last olficiated ; must not eat any food prepared by 
a married woman. It must be cooked by a maiden or old 
v\onian. He never cohabits with them, living like a capucliin. 
W;:en a child arrives at the age of twelve, tli u tliey can deter- 
mine whether he shall be a Kilsinac/ca or not. If tis so ruled, 


then lie is elevated to such office. Becoming of age, lie under- 
takes the exercise of it. 

All the Natives pay particular attention to the sun, the moon, 

and the stars, as they are of us great interest to them, 

Virginian* as to US, liaviug like summer and winter. But Geo- 

obstrvc most. ^ t , i i i ^ p 

graphers are aware that tne length and shortness ol 
the days differ, on account of situation. The first moon follow- 
ing that at tlie end of February is greatly honored by them. 
They watcli it with great devotion, and as it rises, they compli- 
ment it with a festival ; then they collect together from all 
quarters, and revel in t'leir way, with wild game or fish, and 
drink clear river Avater to tlieir fill, without being intoxicated. 
It appears that the year commences then, this moon being a 
harbinger of the spring. Shortly afterwards tlie women begin 
to prepare Avhat is to be for food by planting, putting everything 
in a state of preparation, and carrying their seed into the field. 
They allow the succeeding moons to appear without any feast- 
ing ; but they celebrate the ne\v August moon by another 
festival, as their harvest then approaches. It is very abundant 
in conse(iuence of the great mildness of tiie climate. The 
summers are frequently very hot, and the land moist, winch 
produces abundance of fruits and grain. Indian corn is abun- 
dant there, and is pounded by the women, made into me;i], 
and baked into cakes in the ashes, after the olden fasliion, and 
used for food. 

As they care nothing for the spiritual, they direct tiieir 

study principally to the physical, closely observing 

The expprip.nce tlic scasous. Thc womcu there are tlie most expe- 

of tlir women in . , /. , i 

Astronomy, ricuced star gazers ; there is scarcely one oi t;iem 

but can name all the stars ; their rising, setting ; t'.ie 

position of the Arctos, that is the wagon, is as well known to 

them as to us, and they name them by other names. Biit Him 

who dwells above they know not ; affording aU us Christians 

Noncf.tvoi<-nti5. ggjj(^]y fayorcd us, leaving these in darkness: so 

am cnrririitis.seil J 7 o J 

^'iTom%."'''' ^^^''^^ ^^'^^^^ *^^^ apostle says is found to bctrue. It 
is not of liim that willeth, nor of him that runneth. 

but of Gpd that sheweth mercy. 


There is little authority known among these nations. They 

live almost all free. In each village, indeed, is found a 
^'uv"ing.°'^ person who is somewhat above the others and commands 

absolutely when there is war and when they are gathered 
from all the villages to go on the war path. But the fight once 
ended, his superiority ceases. They are very much afraid of 
the dead ; but when they perceive that they must die, they are 
very brave and more ferocious than beasts. When a lad courts a 
girl, he buys her generally in a neighboring village, and this 
done, tlie daughter is then delivered to him by two or three 
other women, wlio come carrying on their heads meal, roots, 
corn and otlier articles, to the young man's hut, and he receives 
her. The dwellings are commonly circular ; with a vent hole 
above to let out the smoke ; closed with four doors, consisting 
most of the bark of trees which are very abundant there. They 
sleep on the ground covered with leaves and skins. At their 
meals they sit on the ground. Each highly esteems his own cliil- 
dren, wlio grow up very lively. The women sew skins into 
clotliing, prepare bread, cook tlie meat which the men hunt 
and kill with arrows, especially in the winter when all is bare 
in the fields and but scanty forage is to be picked oif the snow ; 
then the animals approach tlie villages and are shot. 

It is very common among thein for one man to buy and to 

have many wives, but not in one place ; when he jour- 
Poiygamy. ucys fivc OT slx mllcs he finds another wife who also 

takes care of him ; five or ten miles furtlier, he again 
finds another wife who keeps house and so on to several ; com- 
monly buying up peltries through the country. But as those 
inland find that furs are sold clieap among them, they come 
down themselves to the rivers and trade witli tlie Nations as best 
they can. Also those who will trade with them must furnish 
them food at an inhabitant's in the village — let them cook theii* 
meat and fish there, as much as they like, and then they thank 
the trader. In other respects, they are extremely hospitable ; 
the one lodges with the other without any ceremony, on similar 
compensation. Those who come from the interior, yea thirty 
days journey, declare there is considerable water every where 
and that the upper country is marshy ; they make mention of 


great freshets which lay waste tlieir lands ; so that what many 
say may be true, that Hudson's Bay runs through to the South 
sea, and is navigable, except when obstructed by the ice to the 
nortliward. It were desirable that it were once proved. Those 
who made the last voyage are of the same opinion, as they found 
all open sea, a rapid current and whales. 

They live in summer mostly on fish. The men repair to the 

river and catch a great quantity in a short time, as it 

The food of is full and furnishes various sorts. The arrows they 

tlie Virginians 

in sunnner. usc arc polutcd wlth llttlc boucs, iron or copper, with 
which they are very expert, being good marksmen. 
They can catch deer, fawns, hares and foxes and all such. The 
country is full of game ; hogs, bears, leopards, yea lions, as 
appears by the skins wliich were brought on board. Oxen and 
liorses there are none. 
In tlie woods are found all sorts of fruits ; plums, wild cher- 
ries, pears ; yea, fruits in great profusion. Tobacco 
the^co'^^ntry. Is planted in abundance, but much better grows wild in 
Brazil ; it is called Virginian. Vines grow wild there ; 
were there vintagers and were they acquainted with tlie press, 
good wine could be brought hither in great quantity, and even 
Jis Must, tlie voyage thence being often made in thirty days. 

Their trade consists mostly in peltries, which they measure 
The trade of ^^ ^^^*^ hand or by the finger. It happened that a wo- 
LUe Virgin- luau who had seen a skipper's lace shirt, fell sick : 
finding she should die, she gave her husband three 
fine peltry skins to present to the skipper for the shirt, which 
he willingly gave her, for she wished to be buried in it ; tliey out- 
strip the Christians in the sumptuousness of their burials. In 
exchange for peltries they receive beads, with wluch tiiey deco- 
rate their persons ; knives, adzes, axes, case-knives, kettles and 
all sorts of iron work which they require for house keeping. 
In their waters are all sorts of fowls, such as cranes, bitterns, 
swans, geese, ducks, widgeons, wild geese, as in this 
'^^terfmvi."'^ country. Birds fill also the woods so that men can 
scarcely go through them for the whistling, tlie noise, 
and the chattering. Whoever is not lazy can catcli them with 
little difficulty. Turkey beans is a very common crop. Pigeons 


fly wild, they are chased by the foxes like fowls. Tortoises are 

very small,* and are not eaten, because there is plenty 
iifvirginT of other food. The most wonderful are t!ie bull-frogs, 

in size about a span, which croak with a ringing noise 
in the evening, as in tliis country. 'Tis surprising that storks 
have not been found there, if it be a marshy country. Spoon- 
bills, ravens, eagles, sparrow-hawks, vultures are numerous 
and are actually shot or knocked down by the natives. 

'Tis worthy of remark that so great a diversity of language 

exists among tlie numerous Tribes. They vary fre- 
^giiage"."" qucntly not over five or six miles ; forthwith comes 

anot'ier language ; tlioy meet and can hardly under- 
stand one another. There are some who come sixty miles from 
the interior, and can not Avell understand tliose on the River. 
All are very cunning in Trade; yea, frequently, after having 
sold every thing, they will go back of the bargain, and that 
forcibly, in order to get a little more; and then they return 
upwards, being thirty and forty strong ; their outer clothing 
being all skins and furs. 

It appears by the statements of the Higlilanders, there are 

larger animals in tlie interior. On seeing t]\e head of 
'maKhwhe Tnurus^ oue of the signs ^ of the Zodiac, the w^omen 
uppci luui.iij.,^^^^^^^, y^^^_^^ ,.^ explain tliat it is a horned liead of a big, 

wild animal wh.ich inhabits the distant country, but not their'sj 
and whiCn it rises in a certain part of t;ie heavens, at a time 
knov.-n to them, tlien is the season for planting ; then they begin 
to break up t'le soil vvith axes [lylen) and to throw in the seed; 
like tiie Boors in Italy who appear by Virgil m Bucolicis to take 
their proper time from tlie signs. 

The science of prognostication, or foretelling of events is 
altoget::er dark and unknown to them ; uttering or delivering no 
oracles about the one or the other, as they have very little know- 
ledge of future or past things. 

Wliat's very strange is, among these^ almost Barbarous 

people, there are few or none, c]-oss-eyed, blind, crip- 

tlHio,r«rti'c pled, lame, hunch-backed or limping; all are well 

fas'iioned people ; strong in constitution of body, well 

proportioned without blemish. 


In some places tliey liave abundant means, with lierbs and 
leaves or roots, to administer to their sick. There is scarcely 
an ailment they have not a remedy for ; but in other localities 
they are altogether devoid of succour, leaving the People to 
perish hke cattle. 

Chastity appears to be of some repute among them, for the 
Chastity of women are not all equally loose. There are some who 
the «omen. ^^q^I(\ jjot cohablt wlth ours for any compensation. 
Others hold it in small esteem ; especially as they are free, living 
without law. Whilst rearing their offspring, they exliibit great 
tenderness ; nevertheless as children rapidly increase with these 
people, they forbid theirs (the house) as not beseeming ; yea, 
command them not to return back. 

They are not, by nature, the most gentle. Were there no 
Nature of the weapons, cspccially muskets, near, they would fre- 
iuhabitant.. q^g^tly klU tho Tradcrs for sake of the plunder ; but 
whole troops run before five or six muskets. At the first 
coming (of the whites) they were accustomed to fall prostrate on 
the report of the gun ; but now they stand still from habit, so 
that the first Colonists will stand in need of protection. 

The South-bay, ^ some miles nearer Florida, is a more tempe- 
rate country. There is no winter there save in January, and 
then but for a few days. 

Their numerals run no higher than ours ; twenty being twice 

ten. When they ask for twenty, they stick tlie ten fingers up 

Of their nu- ^^^^ ^^'^^^^ Viieui tum to the feet on which are ten toes. 

raerais. xiiey count, Honslot, Tcgeni, Hasse, Kajeri, Wish, Ja~ 

jack, Satach, Siattege, Tiochte, Ojeri.^ 

The names of tlieir months are these : — Cuerano, the first with 
them, February: 2. Weer-hemska : S. Heemskan: 4. Oneratacka: 
5. Oneratack, then men begin to sow and to plant : 6. Hagarert: 
7. lakouvaratta : 8. Hatterhojiagat : 9. Genhendasfa : then the 
grain and every thing is ripe. 10. Digojenjattha, then is the seed 
housed. Of January and December they take no note being of 
no use to tliem. 

1 Delaware Bay. 2 The author of this paper must have obtained his informa 
lion from some Iroquois, as with the exception of the first, these are the names 
of the numerals accordin?- to ^)a» M' -lawk and Onondaga dialects. The last 
(Oiei-'i) approaches the Se - 

YOL. III. i 


A ship was fitted out under a commission from tlie West 
What those India Company, and freighted with families, to plant a 
coion^ieT' Colony among this People. But to go in safety, it is 
have to do. f^j,g^ ^|. ^Y^ necessary that they be placed in a good 
defensive position and well provided with arms and a fort, as 
the Spaniard who claims all the country, will never allow any 
one to gain a possession there ; and as the Spaniards have made 
many incursions as well above as below, in Florida, Virginia and 
thereabouts, I deem it not foreign to tell something thereof, be- 
ing a mirror in which every one can see and defend himself, and 
liow the Spaniards always aim as well generally as individually 
at Monarchy. Such description shall be related in the com- 
mencement of Part the Seventh, as this Book cannot contam it. 

Homo est animal sociahile, is in some sense a definition ; in some 
Of Colonies • scusc a dcscriptiou, of man. Men's sociability led them 
I'hTan^t'ientf to cougregate and to hve peaceably together, from which 
were begun, ^^.^g^ Hamlcts, Villages aud Cities,and afterwards Chiefs 
were chosen among them. These remarking that the collected 
] leaps frequently so increased that they could with difficulty 
support themselves, a portion separated therefrom, who took up 
and settled the neighbouring places. The Patriarchs of the Old 
Testament, finding themselves altogether too many in their coun- 
try, sent some of theirs into the uninhabited valleys, and culti- 
vated these accordingly. The Assyrians wishing to enlarge their 
Monarchy caused their subjects to inhabit the invaded countries 
in great numbers. Those of the Persian Monarchy did no less. 
But the Greeks extended their limits very far ; for they by navi- 
gation peopled entire Islands, as appears by the highly learned 
Petrus Culverius, who furnishes us correct information on all 
points in his published Italy. The Romans domineering over 
the western world, spread colonies all over it, as is proved by the 
excavated stones found every where ; but what order they 
observed herein is well known to us. Those sent thither, must 
acknowledge the senders as their Lords, pay them homage, and 
remain under their sovereignty j they were also protected by 
these by suitable weapons furnished also to them. And whereas, 


God be praised, it liatli so prospered that the Honorable Lords 
Directors of the West India Company have, with the consent of 
the Noble High & Mighty Lords States General, imdertaken to 
plant some Colonies,.! shall give the particulars of them, as fol- 
lows ; — 

We treated in our preceding Discourse of the Discovery of 
some Kivers in Virginia; the studious Eeader will 
co'nnToA'"ir. learn how aifairs proceeded. The West India Compa- 
^'""''' ny being chartered to navigate these Elvers, did not 
neglect so to do, but equipped in the spring [of 1623] a vessel 
of 130 lasts, called the jYew JYetheiiand whereof Cornells Jacobs 
of Hoorn was Skipper, with 30 famihes, mostly Walloons, to 
plant a colony there. They sailed in the beginning of March, 
and directing their course by the Canary Islands, steered towards 
the Wild Coast, and gained the westwind which luckily (took) 
them in the beginning of May into the Elver called, first Rio de 
Montagues, now the Elver Mauritius, lying in 40|^ degrees. He 
found a Frenchman lying in the mouth of the Elver, who would 
erect the arms of the King of France there ; but the Hollanders 
would not permit liim, opposing it by commission from the Lords 
States General and the Directors of the West India Company ; 
and in order not to be frustrated therein, with the assistance of 
those of the Mackerel which lay above, they caused a Yaclit of 2 
guns to be manned, and convoyed the Frenchman out the Elver, 
who would do the same thing in the South Eiver,but he was also 
prevented by the settlers there. 

This being done, the ship sailed up to the May/cans, 41 miles, 
near which they built and completed a Fort named "Orange" 
with 4 bastions, on an Island, by them caUed Castle Island. 
They forthwith put the spade in the ground and began to plant, 
and before the Mackerel sailed, the grain was nearly as high as a 
man, so that they are bravely advanced. They also placed a 
Fort named " Wilhelmus " on Prince's Island, heretofore called 
iMiu'derer's Island ; it is open in front, and has a curtain in the 
rear and is garrisoned by sixteen men for the defence of the Elver 
below. On leaving there, the course lies for the west wind, and 
having got it, to the Bermudas and so along the channel in a 
short time towards Patria. The Yacht, the Mackerel, sailed out 


last year on the 16tli June and arrived yonder on the 12th' of 
December. That was somewhat late, but it wasted time in the 
Indian Islands, to catch fish, and did not catch any, so lost tliis 
opportunity. The Hon^^^. Daniel Van Krieckebeeck, for brevity 
called, Eeeck, was Commissary here, and so did his duty that he 
was thanked. 

Respecting these Colonies, they have already a prosperous 

beginning ; and the hope is that they will not fall tlirough 
Order of the provided they be zealously sustained, not only in that 

place but in the South River. For their increase and 
prosperous advancement, it is highly necessary tliat those sent 
out be first of aU weU provided with means both of support and 
defence, and tliat being Freemen, they be settled there on a free 
tenure ; that all they work for and gain be their's to dispose of 
and to sell it according to their pleasiu'e ; that whoever is placed 
over them as Commander act as their Father not as tlieir Execu- 
tioner, leading them with a gentle hand ; for whoever rules them 
as a Friend and Associate will be beloved by them, as he who 
wiU order them as a superior will subvert and nullify every 
thing ; yea, they will excite against him the neighbouring 
provinces to which they will fly. 'Tis better to rule by love 
and friendship than by force. 

At the same time that the fleet arrived from Archangel, a large 
quantity of otter skins were received here in Amster- 
*^skhi°"" ^^^ from France, finer tlian had ever been seen in l\m 
country. They were the product of Canada and the 
circumjacent places. The Tribes are. in the habit of clotlnng 
themselves with them ; the fur or hair inside, tlie smooth side 
without, whicli, however, they paint so beautifully that, at a dis- 
tance, it resembles lace. It is the opinion that they make use 
of the best for that purpose; what has poor fur they deem 
unsuitable for their clothing. When they bring their commodities 
to the Traders, and find they are desirous to buy them, they 
make so very little matter of it, that they at once rip up the skins 
tliey are clothed with and sell tliem as being the best. They use 


the Beaver skins mostly for the sleeves, as they are not so 
expensive ; and they frequently come several days journey from 
the interior, to exchange theirs with the Tribes. 
Agriculture progresses in New Netherland in this wise. It is 

very pleasant, all products being in abundance, though 
Aew Nether. wlM. Grapcs are of very good flavour, but will be, 

henceforward better cultivated by our people. Cherries 
are not found there. There are all sorts of fowls, both in 
the water and in the air. Swans, geese, ducks, bitterns, abound 
The men scarcely ever labour, except to provide some game, 
either fowl or other description, for cooking, and then they have 
provided every thing. The women must attend to the remain- 
der, tilling the soil, &c. When oiu* people arrived there, they 
were busy cleaning up and planting. Before this vessel had left, 
the harvest was far advanced. It excites little attention if any 
one [of the Indians] abandon his wife ; in case she have childi-en, 
they usually follow her. Theii- summers are fine, but the days 
there are shorter than with us here. The winters are severe, 
but there is plenty of fuel, as the country is well wooded and it 
is at the service of whoever wants it. 

There is some respect paid to those in authority amongst them ; 

but these are no wise richer than others. There is 
chi^?!'^ always so much ado about them that the chief is feared 

and obeyed as L.^ng as he is near, but he must shift for 
himself like others. There is notliing seen in his house more 
than in those of the rest. 

As regards the prosperity of New Netherland, we learn by 

the arrival of the ship whereof Jan May of Hoorn, 

emijiration ' was sklppcr, that every thing tliere was in good condi- 

edauu! ' tion. The colony began to advance bravely and 

continues in friendship witii the natives. The fur, or 
other tra(4e, remains in the West India company, others being 
forbidden to trade there. Rich beavers, otters, martins and 
foxes are found there. This cargo consists of five hundred otter 
skins, andfifteen hundred beavers, and a few other things, which 
were in four parcels, for twenty-eight thousand, some hundred 

1 Tlie cargfo of the New Netherland, was sold in Amstcnkni on 20th D*'24. 


This country, or the river Montague, called by our's Mauri- 
tius, was first sailed to by the worthyiHendi-ick Chris- 
How the river tiaensen van Cleef. When he went a voya^^e to the 

was discover- "^ ° 

ed. West Indies, he happened near there. But his vessel 
being deeply laden, and a ship belonging to Monichendam having 
been wrecked in that neighborhood, he durst not approach tliat 
land ; this he postponed, being desirous to do so another time. 
It so happened that he and the worthy Adriaen Block, char- 
tered a sliip with the skipper Ryser, and accomplished his voyage 
thither, bringing back with him two sons of the principal 
sachems there. Though very dull men, they were expert enough 
in knavery. Hudson, the famous English pilot, had been there 
also, to reach the south sea, but found no passage ; as men will 
read in the Netherlands History, in the year 1612. 

Tliis aforesaid Hendrick Clu-istiaensz, after he had dissolved 
pai-tnership with Adiiaen Block, made ten voyages thither, in 
virtue of a grant from the Lords States, wlio granted Mm that 
privilege for tlie first establishment of the place. On the expi- 
ration of that privilege, this country was granted to the West 
India company, to draw their profits thence ; as lias already 
been done, and sliall still further increase from the products 
which are manifest there, whereof furtlier detail will be given 
in the next, as much depends on success. 

Good care having been taken by the directors of the W^est 
India company, in the spring to provide every tiling for 
the colony in Virginia, near the Maykans on tlie river 

New Nether. Mauritius^ by us called New Netherland, special atten 

Sequel of the 
New Nether- 
land Colony. 

ti(m was- tlirected this month, (April,) to reinlbrce it, 
as follows : 

As the country is well adapted for agriculture and tl^e raising 

of every thing that is produced here, the aforesaid 
tt«Vofti«'^'' Lords resolved to take advantage of tlie circumsUince, 
^riiu7ta«.'^ and to provide the place with many necessaries, through 
the Honi^i«. Pieter Evertseu HuLst, who undertook to ship 
thither, at his risk whatever was retjuisite, to wit ; one hundred 


breeding and multiplying, besides all the bogs and sheep that 
might be thought expedient to send thither ; and to distribute 
these in two ships of one hundred and forty lasts, in such a 
manner that they should be well foddered and attended to. 
Each animal had its own stall, with a floor of tliree feet of sand ; 
fixed as comfortably as any stall here. Each animal had its 
respective servant who attended to it and knew its wants, so as to 
preserve its health, together with all suitable forage, such as 
oats, hay and straw, &c. In addition to these, country people 
take with them all furniture proper for the dairy ; all sorts of 
Seed, ploughs and agricultural implements, so that nothing is 
wanting. What is most remarkable is, that nobody in the two 
ships can discover where the water is stowed for these cattle. 
As it was necessary to have anotlier [ship] on tliat account, I 
shall here add : — the above parties caused a deck to be con- 
structed on board. Beneath this were stowed in each ship three 
hundred tons of fresh water whicn was pumped up and thus 
distributed among t'le cattle. On this deck lay the ballast mid 
thereupon stood the liorses and steers, and thus there was no waste. 
He added the third ship so that, should the voyage continue 
longer, nothing may be wanting to the success of the expe- 
dition. In the eyes of the far seeing, the plan of this colony, 
which lay right beside the Spanish passage from the West Indies, 
was well laid. 

In company with these, goes a last saiUng vessel at the risk of 
the Directors. In these aforesaid vessols also go gix 

A Yacht goes ^ 

ai the risk of complete famihes with some freemen, so that forty five 

the Diiecttus. ^ 7 ,' 

new comers or inhabitants are taken out, to remain 
there. The natives of New Netherland are v^ery weU disposed 
so long as no injury is done them. But if any wrong be com- 
mitted against them they think it long tiU they be revenged and 
should any one against whom they liave a grudge, be peaceably 
walkbig in the woods or going along in his sloop, even after a 
lapse of time, they Avill slay him, though they are sure it will cost 
them their lives on the spot, so highly prized is vengeance 
among tJiem. 


In our previous discourses, mention is made of Ne^v Nether- 
land. Here is addititional information : On further 

Continuatinn • • ■ n -i ^ i t n • n 

ofNewNcth- enquiry it is lound, tiiat tney have a cliief in time of 
war, named Sacjaina, [Sachem] but above him is a 
greater Sacjama (pointing to Heaven) who rules the sun and 
moon. When they wage war against each other, they fortify 
their tribe or nation with palisades, serving them for a Fort, and 
saUy out the one against the other. They have a tree in the 
centre, on which they place sentinels to observe the enemy and 
discharge arrows. None are exempt in war, but the Priests, 
and the women who carry their husband's arrows and food. 
The meat they eat consists of game and fish ; but the bread is 
cakes baked fore-father's fasliion, in the aslies ; they almost all 
eat that in war. They are a Avicked, bad people, very fierce in 
arms. Thir dogs are small. When the Hon'^i® Lambrecht van 
Twenhuyzen, once a skipper' , had given them a big dog, and it 
was presented to them on ship-board, tliey were very much 
afraid of it; calling it, also, a Sachem of dogs, being the 
biggest. The dog, tied with a rope on board, was very furious 
against them, they being clad like beasts witli skins, fur he 
thought tliey were game ; but when they gave him some of 
their bread made of Indian corn, which grows there, he learned 
to distinguish tliem, that they were men. 

There are oaks of very close grain ; yea, harder tlian any in 

in tills country, as thick as three or four men. Tiiere 

Products, is Red-vvood which being burned, smells very agreeably; 

when men sit by the fire on benches made from it, the 

whole house is perfumed by it. When they keep watcli by 

night against their enemies, then they place it [the fire] in tl^e 

centre of their huts, to warm their feet by it ; they do not sit, 

then, up in the tree, but make a hole in the roof, and keep watch 

there, to prevent attacks. 

Poisonous plants have been found there, wliich should be 

studied by those who have a fancy to cultivate land 

HeudrickCiu-istiaensen carried thither, by order of his 

employers, Bucks, and Goats, also Rabbits, but they were found 

1 Trailed as early as I6M3 15, to this country, under a siiecial charter, Sc« 
Hurt. N» Nelherland L, 74 et ve'ff. 


poisoned by the herbs. The Directors intend to send tliitlier 
this spring voyage, [1625] a quantity of hogs wliich will be of 
great service to the colony ; to be followed by cows, with young 

Very large oysters, sea fisli and river fish are in such great 
abundance there, that they cannot be sold ; and in 

Of the fish. 1 

rivers so deep, as to be navigated upwards with 
large ships. 

The two lads brouglit hither by Adriaen Block, were named 
Orson and Valentine. This Orson was a thoroughly 

of th€ natives. ^ J 

wicked scamp, and on his return to his own country 
was the cause of Hendi'ick Christiaensen's death ; but he was 
paid in hke coin. He got a bullet as his recompense. 

Chastity appears, on fiu-ther enquiry, to hold a place among 
Of ,he them, they being unwilling to cohabit with ours, through 
Women. ^^^ ^^ their husbauds. Eut those who are single, 
evince every friendly disposition. Further information is neces- 
sary. Whatever else is of value in the country, such as mines 
and other ores shall by time and further exploration be made 
known to us. Much profit is to be expected from good man- 

At the same time arrived a ship from New Netherland, mostly 
wit!i Furs. As far as good order is concerned, ail goes 

Jvuy. well there. The vessels with the cattle had not yet got 

there; the crops which our Colonists had planted, looked 

well, but there was no certain information thereof. The next 

will bring their owners good news. 

A SHIP came, at the same time, to the aforesaid Company from 
New Germany, loaded mostly with peltries, which had a 
A ship fr^, favorable vojage. The Cattle carried thither, were 
iMd!""""' removed upwards to a conveuient place abounding with 
grass and pasture. Only two animals died on the pas- 
sage. This gave great satisfaction to the adventurers, who had 
ibund the voyage so pleasant. 


In our preceding Treatise we made mention of New Nether- 
land and its colony planted by the West India Compa- 
1526. jiy situate in Virginia on the River, called by the 

Of the Colony •' ' '^ ' 

of N. ivetber- j^i-ench Mc7itaiayie, and by us, Mauntms. and that some 

.and. o y %/ J / 

families were sent thither, which now increased to two 
hundred souls ; and afterwards s©me ships, one with horses, the 
other with cows, and the third hay ;. two months afterwards a 
fleet was equipped, carrying sheep, hogs, wagons, ploughs and 
all otlier implements of husbandry. 

These cattle were, on tlieir arrival, first landed on Nut Island, 

t]]rce miles up the Eiver, where tliey remained a day 
or ihe Cattle, or two. There being no means of pasturing them there, 

tliey were sliippcd in sloops and boats to the Manhatesy 
right opposite said Island. Being put out to pasture here, they 
throve well, but afterwards full twenty in all died. Tlie cause 
of this was tliat they had eaten something bad from an unculli- 
vated soil. But they went in the middle of September [1625] 
on new grass, as good and as long as could be desired. 

Tlie Colony was planted at this time, on the JSIanhahs where 

a Fort was staked out by Master Kryn Frederycke an 
Of Fort Am- Ensfincer. It wiU be of large dimensions. The sliip 

which has returned home tliis month (Nov.)' brings 
samples of all the different sorts of produce there. Tlie cargo 
consists of 7246 Beavers, 675 Otter skins. 48 Minx, 36 Wildcat, 
and various" other sorts; several pieces of oak timber, and 

The counting house there is kept in a stone-building, thatched 

witli reed ; tlie other houses are of tiie bark of trees. 
Ti.o ■.^<:M^M -£'^c\i has lils owu liousc. Tlic Director and Koopman 

live togetiier ; there are thirty ordinary houses on tlie 
eiist side of tlie river wliicli runs nearly north and south. The 
Hon^'«. Pieter Minuit is Director there at present ; Jan Lp mpo 
Schout [Slieriff] ; St^bastiaen Jansz Crol and Jan Huyck, Com- 
forters of the Sick, who, whilst awaiting a clergyman, read to the 
Commonalty there on Sundays, from teits of Scripture with the 
Comment. Francois Moleraaecker is busy building a horse-mill, 
over whicli shall be constructed a spacious room sufficient to ac- 

1 Thfi Aim« of Amsfp.nlam, sailod from Hip Manli.iUans on '23d Septr. 1626. 


commodate a large congregation, and the]i a tower is to be erected 
where tlie bells l)rought from Porto Kico will be hung. 

The Council there administered Justice in criminal matters as 

far as imposing fines {hoet-strajj'e)^ but not as far as 
Of the Conn- Capital punlshmcnt. Should it happen that any one 
o_m e jeai ^ggpj.^,pg ^^-^^^^ \,q must bc scut to HoUaud with his sen- 
tence. Cornells May of Hoorn was in the year 1624, 
the first Director there ; Willem Van Hulst was the second in the 

year 1625. He returns now. There is another there 
in^ib^year ^^^n^^ ^|jg ^^^ pubUc office ; he Is busy about his own 

affairs. Men work there as in Holland ; one trades 
upwards, southwards and northwards; another builds houses, tlie 
third farms. Each farmer has his farm and tlie cows on the land 
purchased by tlie Company ; but the milk remains to the profit 
of the Boor ; he sells it to those of the people wl]o receive their 
wages for work every week. TJie houses of tlie Hollanders now 
stand without the fort, but when that is completed, they w^ill all 
repair within, so as to garrison it and be secure from sudden 

Those of the Soutli Hiver will abandon their Fort, and come 

hither ; no more than fifteen or sixieen men will rematiii 
'^ilwef"""' ^^ -^^^^ Orange, the most distant point at which tjie 

Hollanders traded ; the remainder will come down to 
tlie Manhates. Right opposite is the tort of the Maykans which 
tlsey built against their enemies, the Maquaes. [Mohav.'ks] a pow- 
erful people. 

It happened this year, that the Maykans, being at war with the 

Maquaes, requested to be assisted by the CommaMder 
War of Fort Orange and six others. Commander Kriecke- 

beck went up with them a mile from the Fort, and met 
the Maquaes who peppered them so bravely with a discharge of 
arrows, that they were forced to fly, leaving many slain among 
whom were the Commander and three of his men. Among the 
latter was Tyraen Bouwensz., whom they devoured, after having 
well cooked him. The rest they burnt. Tlie Commander was 
buried with the other two by his side. Three escaped ; two Por- 
tugese and a Hollander from Hoorn. One of the Portuguese 
was wounded by an arrow in the back whilst swimming. The 

44 rmsT settlement of kew-yokk by the dutch. 

Indians carried a leg and an arm home to be divided among their 
flimihes, as a proof that they had conquered their enemies. 
Some days after the vvorthy Pieter Barentsefi,wlio usually was 

sent upwards and along the coast with the sloops, visit- 
Apoiogy. cd tliem ; they wished to excuse tlieir act, on the plea 

that they had never injured the wliites and asked the 
reason why the latter had meddled with them ; Had it been other- 
wise, tliey would not have acted as they had. 
There being no Commander, Pieter Earentsen assumed the 

Command of Fort Orange by order of Director Minuit 
^^de™" There were eight families there, and ten or twelve 

seamen in the Company's service. The fort was to remain 
garrisoned by sixteen men, without women, and the families were 
to leave there this year in order to strengthen with people the 
Colony near the Manhates who were becoming more and more 
accustomed to the strangers. 

The Natives are always seeking some advantage by thieving. 

The crime is seldom punished among them. If any one 
Living. commit that offence too often he is stript bare of his 

goods, and must resort to other means anotlier time. 
The husband who abandons his wife without cause must leave 
all lier's ; in like manner the wafe the husband's. But as tliey 
love the children ardently, these are frequently the cause of their 
coming again together. The Girls allow their liair to be cut all 
around, hke the priests, when they are unwell for the first time. 
Tliey work apart from all {\\q men in a separaie house, where 
food is furnished them on a stick. They remain therein until 
they are sick a second time. Then they make their appearance 
abroad again, and are allowed to marry. They then again dress 
their hair, which before they would not touch. Tlie married 
women let their hair grow to the waist & smear it v.- ith oil. When 
they are unweE tliey do not eat witli their husbands, and tliey 
sup their drink out of the hand. Tlie men let tlie hair grow on 
one side of the liead lor a braid ; tlie rest is cut ofi". If one \u\\ 
the other, it is not punished; whoever it concerns meditates 
vengeance if satisfaction be not made. In the month of August a 
universal torment seizes them, so that they run Like men possess- 
ed, regarding neither hedges nor ditches, and like mad dogs 


resting no where except from sheer inability. They hold this in 
singular respect. The Birds most common are wild Pigeons; 
these are so numerous that they shut out the sunsliine. 

When tlie fort, staked out at the Manliates, will be completed, 

it is to be named Amsterdam. The Fort at the South 

*^uie"Fort.°'^ RiYcr is already vacated, in order to strengthen -the 

Colony. For purposes of trade, only one yacht is sent 

there, in order to avoid expense. 

The Sicke?ianes dweU about the North, between the Brownists 
and the Dutch. The chief of this nation hath lately made an 
agreement with Pieter Barents, not to trade w^ith any other than 
liim, Jaques Elekes had imprisoned him in the year 1622 in 
his yacht and obliged him to pay a lieavy ransom, or else he 
should " cup " him. He paid one hundi-ed and forty fathoms of 
Zeev)an, which consists of small beads they manufacture them- 
selves, and wliicii they prize as jewels. On this account he has 
no confidence in any one but Bareutsen now^ 

The Brow^nisis, who live beyond tliem, are Eughshmen, who 

removed thither by, consent of the King. They are 

Brol4'ists. called Puritans, because they seek after Pui-ity in the 

Orthodox religion. They wished not to live in Eng 

land ; desi3-ing not wealth, but merely necessaries and frugality 

The most distant Nations from there, known to the traders, 

are the Indians from French Canada. Thereabout are 

jvlti'ons. the OrcmkoJcx, the Achkokx and others, both men and 

women. On entering the River, if they bring women 

with them, 'tis a sign they are friends ; if they visit the yachts 

without these, every one must be on his guard. 

The belief of the Maikans regarding the separation of the 

Soul is, that it goes up w^estward on leaving the body. 

^sofii°^^''^ There 'tis met with great rejoicing by the others who 

died previously ; there they wear black Otter or Bear 

skins, which among them are signs of gladness. They have no 

* desire to be with them. The Mahieu, Captain of the Maykaus, 

who is named Cat, pretends that Death is the offspring of the 

Devil, wdio is evil. A Skipper denying this, said, God had ' 

control over Death. Thereupon he asked, if He being good had 

the power to give, or take aw^ay, life ? And he was answered, 


Yea ', which he could not understand, how this good God should 
inHict Evil, that is Death. But there was no one to furnish him 
proper instruction ; he therefore remains in his darkness. When 
they have a corpse, they place it, in the act of dying, squat on 
the heels, like children sitting in this country before the fire ; 
and so lay it in the grave, all sitting ; its face to the East. 
It appears that the Sickmiamersj before mentioned, make a- 

sort of sacrifice. Tliey have a hole in a hill in w^hich 
^the'siclaua- ^^'^^J P^^cc a kcttle full of all sorts of articles that they 
'"^'^- have, either by them, or procured. "When there is a 

great quantity collected a snake comes in, then they all depart, 
and the" Manifion, that is the Devil, comes in the night and takes 
the kettle away, according to the statement of the Koutsinacka^ 
or Devil hunter, who presides over the ceremony. 

This Pieter Barentz, already spoken of, is conversant with all 

the Tribes th.ereabout -, he traded with the Sickenames, 
^'^aif'ua°es ^^ wliom tlic wliolc Nortli coast is tributary ; with the 

Sinnekox, Wappenox, Maquaes and Maikans^ so that he 
visited all the Tribes with sloops and traded in a friendly manner 
with them, only for peltries. And he brought back this year a 
valuable cargo in the ship the Arms of Amsterdam, whereof 
Adriaen Joris is Skipper, who went out there on the 19^^ of 
December of the year 1625 with the ship the Sea-gull [het 
Meeutje) and conveyed Pieter Minuit aforesaid, who now sends 
for his wife thither. The Sea gull arrived there 4*'i May, 1626 

Two SHIPS came from New Netherland for the benefit of the 
said (W. I.) Company, with ten thousand Peltries, or 
w^^timilf' skins, together with a large quantity of timber, fit for 
N^w Ni^^hJ?. t^^® building of the vessels which are shortly to be 
'^'"'- launched. Those ships were despatcht by the Com- 
mander there, called Minuict ; one ship was the Three Kings, 
Skipper Jan Jacobsz. of Wieringhj' the other was, the Arms 
of Amsterdam. 

1 Sent in 16:27 from the Dutch as Delegate to New Plymouth. 


The government over the people of New Netherland continued 
on the 19"i of August of this year in the aforesaid 
Government. Minuict, successor to Verhulst, who went thither from 
Holland on 9^^ January, Anno, 1626, and took up his 
residence in the midst of a nation called Mcm/uitcs, building a 
fort there, to be called Amsterdam, having four points and faced 
outside entirely with stone, as the walls of sand fall down, and 
are now more compact. The population consists of two hundred 
and seventy souls, including Men, Women and Cliildren. They 
remained as yet without the Fort, in no fear, as the Natives live 
peaceably with them. They are situate tliree miles from the 
Sea, on the River by us called Mauritius^ by others, Rio de 

These strangers for tlie most part occupy their farms. What- 
ever they require is supplied by the Directors. The 
occnpation. WiutcT gfalu has turned out Avell there, but the Summer 
grain which ripened before it was half grown in conse- 
quence of the excessive heat, was very hght. The cattle sent 
thither have had a good increase, and every thing promises better, 
as soon as the land is improved, which is very poor and scrubby. 
There are now no families at Fort Orange, situated higher up 
Sf^tg of the River among the Maikans. They are all brought 
Orange. f|own. They keep five or six and tvv^enty persons. 
Traders, there. Bastiaen Jansz Croi is Vice Director there ; 
lie remained there since the year 1G26, when tlie others came 

Those of the West India Company have removed all those 

who were at the South River. Only one trading vessel 

Trade. is kept there. Traders who come from a great distance 

make mention of Lion skins which will not be bartered, 

because they are used for clothing, being much warmer than 


Beyond the South River, in 37 degrees, Englishmen are settled, 

freemen, but planted there by Merchants on condition 

Nati'dr ^^^^^ ^^^^y deliver as much tobacco to their masters as 

is agreed on ; the remainder is their own. Considerable 

trade was carried on with them, and many ships come thither 

from Eno-land. 


On the Nortli side are the English Brownists, who maintain 

Another tlicuiselves very well and acquii-e considerable strength. 

Nation, supporting their reputation bravely with the Natives, 

whom they do not fear, having acted strictly with these from the 

first, and so continuing. 

In the beginning of this year, war broke out between the 

Maikans near Fort Orange and the Makicaesj but these 

War. beat and captured the Maikans and drove off the 

remainder who have settled towards the North by the 

Fresh Eiver, so called ; ' where they begin again to cultivate the 

soil ; And thus the war terminated. 

After the Right Hon^ie Lords Directors of the Privileged West 

India Company in the United Netherlands, had provided 

1630. for the defence of New Netherland and put everv thing 

Freedoms ^ J o 

wanted to the there in good order, they taking into consideration the 

Inhabitants of '-' j ./ cd 

New Nether- advautagcs of said place, the favorable nature of the 
air, and soil, and that considerable Trade and goods 
and many commodities may be obtained from thence, sent some 
persons, of their own accord, thither with all sorts of cattle and 
implements necessary for agriculture, so that in the year 1628 
there akeady resided on the Island of the Manhattes, two hundred 
and seventy souls, men, women & cliildi-en, under Governor 
Minuit, Verhulst's successor, living there in peace with the 
Natives. But as the land, in many places being full of weeds 
and wild productions, could not be properly cultivated in conse- 
quence of the scantiness of the population, the said Lords 
Dii-ectors of the West India Company, the better to people their 
lands, & to bring the country to produce more abundantl}^, 
resolved to grant divers Privileges, Freedoms and Exemptions 
to all Patroons, Masters or Individuals who should plant any 
Colonies and cattle in New Netherland, and they accordingly 
have constituted and pubhshed in print these following Exemp- 
tions, to afford better encoui-agement and infuse greater zeal 
into whomsoever should be inchned to reside and plant his 
Colonic in New Netherland. 

[Here follows the "Charter of Patroons," already printed in various works 
on the History of New-York.] 

1 Connecticut River. 



[Deed Book, VII.J ' 

N.Yorlf, february 14: 1684-5. 

The Deposicon of Catelina Trico aged fouer score yeares or 
thereabouts taken before the right hono''''^. Coll". Thomas Don- 
gan Leu', and Governour under his Royii. high^s, James Duke 
of Yorke and Albany etc. of N York and its Dependen- 
cyes in America who saith and Declares in the p^sens of God as 
folio we th 

That she Came to this Province either in the yeare one thou- 
sand six hundred and twenty tliree or twenty fouer to the best 
of her remembrance, and that fouer Women Came along with 
her in the same Shipp, in which ship the Governor Arian 
Jorissen Came also over, which fouer Women were married at 
Sea and that they and their liusbands stayed about tiiree Weekes 
at tliis place and then they with eight seamen more went in a 
vessell by o^d^ of the Dutcli Governoi". to Dellaware River and 
there settled. This I Certifie under my hand and y^ seale of 
this province. 


The Deposicon of Arien Dirksen Korn aged about sixty five 
yeares being Deposed saith 

That he Came in this Country of New York formerly called 
the new Netherlands in the yeare one thousand six hund'^. and 
thirty the 24t'i of May with the ship Vnity John Brower Com- 
mander and hath ever since continued here in this country, and 
saith further that att the said tinte of hisarrivall here this Depo- 
nent he-ard and was Informed by persons then arriving here from 
Delleware River that the said River was settled by the dutch 
west India Company who had sent a parcell of men there in 
order to whale fishing, and this Deponent saith further that some 
short time After to his best Remembrance it was about one yeare 
or one yeare and a half after newsCaiut; here att New York from 
Deleware, that all the said people in Delleware were Cutt of by 
tile Indians, and fm-tlier this Deponent saith nott. 

Vol. III. 4 


Deposed by the said Aron Dirksen Korn Coram me the 16*^ 
March 1684-5. 

Peter Lawrrnsen aged sixty seaven yeares being deposed saith 
that lie came into tliis Province a servant to the west india Com- 
pany in the yeare 1628 and in the yeare 1630 by order of the 
West india Company hee with seven more were sent in a sloope 
with hoy sayle to dellaware where the Company had a trading 
house with ten or twelve servants belonging to it which the 
deponant himselfe did see there settled, and he further saith that 
at his returne from Delavvare River tlie said vessell stopt at the 
hoorekill where the Deponant did alsoe see a settlem^ of a brick- 
house belonging to the vvest India Company, and the Deponant 
further saith that upon an Island neare tlie tails of that Eiver 
and neare the west side thereof the said Company some three or 
fouer yeares afore had a trading house where there were three 
or foure familyes of Walloons the place of there settlem*. he saw 
and that they had been seated there he was Informed by some of 
fihie said Walloons themselves When they were returned from 
thence and furtiier this 'Deponent saith not. 

This Deposicon was taken upon oath before 
me which I doe Certifie under the scale 
of this Province this 24th of March A^. 
1684-5 in New Yorke. 

T. D. 


[N. Y. Col: MSS. XXXV.] 


Catelyn Trico aged about 83 years born in Paris doth Testify 
and Declare that in y« year 1623 she came into this Country w^h 
a Ship called y^ Unity whereof was Commander Arien Jorise 
belonging to ye West India Company being y® first Ship yt came 
here for y« s^ Company ; as soon as they came to Mannatans 
now called N: York they sent Two families & six men to harford 
River & Two families & 8 men to Delaware River and 8 men 
they left att N: Yorke to take Possession and ye Rest of y® 


Passengers went w'"^ ye Ship up as farr as Albany wliich they 
then Called fort Orangie When as y® Ship came as farr as Sopus 
which is I way to Albanie ; they lightned ye Ship w'^ some 
boats yt were left there by y" Dutch tliat had been there y^ year 
before a tradeing w^'' ye Indians upont tliere oune accompts & 
gone back again to Holland & so brought ye vessel up ; there 
were about 18 families aboard who settled themselves att Albany 
& made a small tort ; and as soon as tliey had built themselves 
some hutts of Eark: y^ JVIahikanders or Kiver Indians, y^ 
Maquase : Oneydes : Onnondages Cayougas. & Sinnekes, w*h 
ye Mahawawa or Ottawawaes Indians came & made Covenants 
of friendship w^^ ye s^ Arien Jorise there Commander Bringing 
him great Presents of Bever o' oy Peltry & desyred that they 
might come & liave a Constant free Trade with them w*='i was 
concluded upon & y° s"^ nations came dayly with great multidus 
of Bever & traded them vj^'^ y^ Christians, there s'^ Comman' 
Arien Jorise staid with them all winter and sent his Sonne home 
with ye ship ; y® s*^ Deponent lived in Albany tlu^ee years all 
which time ye s'^ Indians were all as quiet as Lambs & came & 
Traded with aU ye freedom Imaginable, in ye year 1626 ye 
Deponent came from Albany & settled at N: Yorke where she 
lived afterwards for many years and then came to Long Island 
where she now lives. 

The s^ Catelyn Trico made oath of ye 
s'l Deposition before me at her house 
on Long Island in ye Wale Bought 
this 17th day of October 1688. 

Justice of ye pece 


1657 — 1064. 


April; In the Draetvat. 
Arent .lanssen; house carpenter, and Wife and daughter. 
Marcus de Chousoy, and Wifa, two workmen, and two boys. 
Tennis Craey, from Venlo, and Wife and four children & two servants. 
Heinnch St')eff. 

Jacob Hcndriclfsen Haen; painter. 
Adriaen Vincent. 
Johannis Smetdes. 
Dirk Buyskes. 

December; In the Gilded Otter. 
Claes Pouwelson from Detmarsum; mason. 
Jan Jansen van den Bos; mason, and his Brother. 
Ditto; In the Jan Baptiste. 
Jan Sudeich, and Wife and two Children. 
Claes Sudeich. ^ 

Adam Br^emen, from Aecken. 

Douwe Claessen from Medemblick; mason. ^ 

Cornelis Barentsen Vande Kuyl. 
Thys Jacobsen. 


May; In the Moesman. 
Jan Adriaensen van Duyvelant. 
Christina Bleyers from Stoltenau. 
Ursel Dircks from Holstein & 2 children. 
Geertzen Buyers. 

Ditto; In the Gilded Beaver. 
Jan Barentsen house Carpenter, and Workman. 
Anthony de Mis from Haerlem, and Wife and two children. 
The 'Vile of Andries vander Sluys; Clerk in Fort Orange, and child. 
Cliarel Fonteyn; a Frenchman, and Wife. 

Peier Claessen, from Holstein; farmer & Wife and two cliildren. 
Gerrit Gerriisen van Gilthuys; Taylor. 
Jan Jansen; house Carpenter, & Wife and four children. 
Jan Gouwenberch, from Hoorn. 
Adriaen van Laer, from Amsterdam, & servant. 
Jan Gerretsen Buytenhuys; Baker, & Wife and sucking child. 
Willem van Vredenburch. 
Cornelis Aniiriessen Hoogland; Taylor. 

Peter van Halen, from Utrecht, & Wife, two children, and Doy. 
Simon Bouche. 

Cornelis Hendricksen van Ens. 
Jan Evertsen van Gloockens. 
Tryntje Pieters; Maiden. 


June; In the Brownfish. 
Jannetje Volclcertse Wife of Evert Luykcse; BaUor, and daughter. 
Doinve Harinsen, from Friesland, & Wife and four children. 
Adriaen Jansen, fi-om Zea-land; fislierman. 
Francois Abrahamsen, from Flissingen. 
Joris Jansen, from Hoorn ; House Carpenter. 
Jan Aerensen van Kanipen; Farmer. 
Jan Isbrands; rope maker. 
Huybert de Biujn. 

Machteld Stoffelsen; Widow, is acquainted with agriculture. 
Djrck Smith, Ensign in the Company's Service i , k, a sucking child. 
Jannetje Hermens; maiden, and her Brother Jan Harmensea. 
Maria Claes; maiden. 
Francisco de Gordosa from Davlngen. 
Charles Garet. 
Jan Leynie, from Paris. 

Dorigcman Jansen, from Dordroclit & his bride. 
Claes Wolf, from the Elbe; Sailor. 
Hf-rmen Dircksen from Norway & Wife and child. 
Adam van Santen, & Wife and two children. 


February; In the Faith. 
Jan Wouterson, from Ravesttyn; shoemaker, & Wife and daughter. 
Catalyntje Cianenbirg; maiden. 

Jan van Ccppenol, from Remsen; farmer, & Wife and 2 children. 
aiatthys Roelofs, from Denmark, & Wife and child. 
Sophia Roeloffs. 

Geerlruy lochonns, from Hamburgh; Wife of Claes Claessei. from Amersfoort, 
nqw in N. jN'etherUmd; and two children. 
Peter Corneliss, from Holsieyn; Labourer. 
Peter Jae ibs, from Holsteyn. 

Jos.yntje Verhagen, from Middelburg, & daughter. 
Saertge Hendriclcs, from Delft. 

Egbert IVTeynderts, from Amsterdam, & Wife and child and servant. 
Jan Leurens Noorman & Wife. 

Harmen Coerten, from Voorhuysen, & Wife and 5 Children. 
Magalanlje Tennis, from Voorhuysen. 
Feytje Dircks 

GilJis Jansen van Gaider, & Wife and four children. 
Bastiaen Clement, from Doornick. 
Adriaen Fonrnoi, from Valenciennes. 
Jannetie Eyckers, from East Friesland. 
Joris Jorissen Townsen, from Redfort; mason. 
Nicholas Gillisscn Marschal. 
Wouter Gcrrifsen van Kootuyek. 

Jan Jacobsen, from Utrecht ; farmer, & Wife, mother and two children. 
Arent Franeken van Iperen. 

1 Served in the Esopus war with great credit ; he died Anno 1C60 to the regret of the JDirector 
General and council. His widow thereupon returned to Holland. Ed. 


Dennys Isacksen, Irom VVyck by Daurstede. 
Weyntje Martens van Gorehem. 

Vroulje Gerrits, wife of Cosyn Gerritsen; Wheelwright. 
Jan Dircksen, from Alckmaer, & Wife and three children, 
Nettert Jaasen, from Embden. 

Epke Jacobs, from Harlingen; farmer, and wife and five sons 
Stoffiel Gerritsen from Laer. 

Jan Meynderts, from Iperen: farmer, and Wife. 
Jan Barents Ameshof, from Amsterdam. 
Symon Drune from Henegouv/. 
Hendrick Harmensen, from Amsterdam. 
Evert Cornellissen, from the vicinity of Amersfoort. 
Laurens .lacobs van dor \\ ielen. 
Jannetje Theunis van Ysselstein. 
Jan Roelofsen, van Naerden; farmer. 
Jacob Hendricks, from ihe Highland, anil maid servant. 
Goossen van T wilier, from New-Keik. 
Lawrens Janssen, from Wormer. 

Jan Harmens, from Amersfoort; Taylor, and Wife and four children. 
Evert IVIarschal; glasier, from Amsterdam and Wife and daughter. 
Boele Roelofsen, Joncker, and wife and four children, besides his Wif©*t 
sister and a boy. 

Ditto; In the Otter. 
Carel Bevois, from Ley den; and Wife and three children. 
Marten Warnarts Stolten, from SwoU. 
Cornelis Jansen vander veer; farmer. 

Jan Luycas, from Oldenseel ; shoemaker, and Wife and suckling. 
Roelof Dircksen, from Sweden. 
Sweris Dirxsz, from Sweden. 

April; In the Beaver. 
Peter Arentsen Diesvelt; taylor. 
Amadeas Fo igie. Frenchman, farmer. 
Jacques Reneau, Frenchman; Agriculturer. 
Jacques Monier, Frenchman; Agriculturer. 
Pierre Monier, Frenchman; Agriculturer. 
Matthieu Savariau, Frenchman; Agriculturer. 
Pierre Grissaut, Frenchman; Agriculturist. 
Maintien Jans, from Amsterdam; maiden. 
Peter Follenaer, from Hasselt. 
Cornelis Michielsen, from Medemblick. 
Grietje Christians, from Tonningen. 

Claes Jansen, from Purmercnd; wheelwright, and Wife, servant and child. 
Marten van de Wert, from Utrecht; hatter. 
Peter van Ecke; planter, from Leyden. 
Jacobus vander SchoUing, and his boy. 

Albert Theunissen vermeulen, from Rotterdam, and Wife and four chil- 
dren. , 
Geertry van Meulen; maiden. 
Hannetje Ruytenbeck, maiden. 
Matthew Andriessen, from Peters-houok- 


Hendrick Theunisz Hellinck and wife. 
La wrens van der Spiegel van Vlissingen. 

Ditto; In the Moesman,. 
Lysboth Arents, Wife of Corn : Barents, and daughter. 
Aertje Leenders; widow, from Amsterdam. 
Barent van Loo from El burg. 

Willem Jansen, from Rotterdam, Fisherman, and Wife and sucking child, 
and maid servant. 
Peter Petersen, alias Pia, from Picart^y. nnd Wife and daughter. 
Dirch Belet, from Breda; cooper. 
Louis Aertz, from Bruges; planter. 

Gcrrit Corn, van Niew-Kerk, and Wife and boy and sucking child. 
Engelbrecht Sternhuysen, fromSoest; Tailor. 
Thys Jansen, from TerGouw; Agriculturist. 
Albert Petersen; mason. 
Geerty Claesen. 
Gerrit Petersen. 
Gillis Mandeville. 

December; In the Faith. 
Christiaen de Lorie, from St. Male. 
Hendrick Jansen Spiers and W ife and two children. 
Adriaen Huybertsen Sterrevelt; Agriculturist. 
Harmen Stepfer, from the Dutchy of Cleef. 
Joost Adriaensen Pynacker, from Delft. 

Philip Langelens; Agriculturist, and Wife and two children. 
Hendrick Bos, from Leytlen, and Wife and two children. 
Gerrit Gerritsen, from Wageningen, and Wife and one child. 
William Aertsen, from Wagcning. 
Gerrit van Manen, from Wagening. 
Albert Gerritsen, from Wagening. 
Jan Gerritsen Hagel. 
Hendrick Jansen, from Wagening. 
Jan Aertsen, from Amersfoort. 
Jacob Jansen, from Amersfoort. 
Tys Jansen, from Amersfoort. 
Wessel Wesselsen, from Munster. 
Adolph Hardenbroeck, and Wife and Son. 
Claes TJieunissen, from Gorcum, and his servant, and boy. 
Lubbert Harmensen, from Overyssel, 

Lammert Huybertsen, from Wagening, and Wife and two children 
Jan Harmans and Wife and sucking child. 
Roeloft Hendricks from Drenthe. 
Femmetje Hendricksen, maiden. 
Maria Mooris, from Arnhem, maiden. 

Marten Abrahamsen, from Bloemendael, and Wife and two children. 
The Wife of Hans Sodurat, Baker, and two children. 
Leendert Arentsen Groenevelt, and Wife. 
Aeltje Jacobsen; maiden. 
Willem Petersen, from Amersfoort. 
Claes Tysen ; cooper, and two children. 



March; hi the Love. 
Wiggert Reinders, from Ter Gouw ; Farmer. 
Maritje Jansen maiden. 

Bart Jaiisen, from Amsterdam ; mason, and Wife and three children. 
Cornells Davitsen Schaets; wheel right. 
Laurens Harmens, from Holstein and Wife. 
Dirck Gerritsen vandienfrom Tricht; Agriculturer. 

Ditto; In the Moesman. 
Peter Lourens and Wife. 
Hendrick Jansen, from Amersfoort, and Wife and four children 

TiTTO; In the Gilded Beaver. 
Annetje Abrahams; maiden. 
Corneiis Niespn's Wife. 

Jonas Bartesen, and Wife and two children. 
iMaria Jans; Orphan Daughter. 

April; In the Spotted Cow. 
Jan Soubanich, from Byle in Drenthe. 
Albert Janss; from Drenthe. 
Peter Jacobs, Irom East Friesland. 
Corneiis Bartels, from Drenthe. 

Steven Koorts, from Drenthe and Wife and seven children. 
Jan Kevers, from the Landscape Drenthe, and Wife. 

Focke Jansen from Drenihe; Agriculturist, and Wife and seven children. 
Claes Arcnlsen, from Drenthe, and Wife and three children, and boy. 
Govert Egberts, from Meppelt, farmer's servant. 
Evertje Dircks, from Drenthe; maiden. 
Egbertje Dircks, from Drenthe; maiden. 

Peter Jansen; shoemaker from Drenthe, and Wife and four children. 
Coert Cartens, from Drenthe, farmer's servant. 

Roeloft Swartwout; Agriculturist. [On his return to N. Netherland where 
he had previously resided.] 
Cornells Jacobs van Leeuwen; in the service of Swartwout. 
Arent Meuwens, from Geiderland ; in Swartwout's service. 
Ariacn Huyberts, from Jena; in Swartwoufs service. 
Pcti-r Hinhiim, from Nimwegen; Tailor. 

Albert Heymans; Agriculturist, from Geiderland and Wife and eight children. 
Jan Ja-^obscn INlol. 
Annetje Harmens ; maiden. 
Beletje Foppe. 
Elias Gyseling, from Zealand. 

Roll of Soldiers cmharkcd in the Ship Moesvian., for JVcw 
mthrrland^ 9/h March, 1660. 

Peter Gysen from Doornick Adelborst, Jan God-friend from Brussel. 

with his wife. 

Harmen Hendricks from Deventer. Jan Jansen from Duynkerken. 

William vander Beecke from Oudenaerde. Pieter Beyard from Nieupoort. 


Jacob Jansen from Muytlen. Willem van Schure from Leuven. 

Anilries Norman fiom Steenvvyck. Ailrianus f'orbiet from Rrussel. 

Marten Petersen from Sieenwyck. Johannis Vereie from Antwerp. 

Maithys Princen from VNaltneel. 

List of Soldiers embarked in the S/iijj the Spotted Cow, 1 bth April, 

Claes Petersen, Ailelborst from Detmarsum. John Hamelton of Hamelton. 
Claes Hayen from Bremen Johan Verpronck from Bonn above 

Soldiers. Ceulen; a Smith and Baker. 

Jan Petersen from Detmarsen Jan Wilekheresen from Bergen in 

Gerrit Manneel van Haen Peter Petersen from Amsterdam, 

with his Wife & 2 children 
Conraet Croos from Switserland Brant Kemenes from Dockum 

Hendrick Eyck from Srahuys Dirck Jansen from Rylevelt 

Christian Bartels Ruysh from Amsterdam Harman Jansen Engsincli: from 

Hendrich Steveterinck from Osnasnigge Johannes Levelin from Bulhausen 
Peter Martens from Laens . Michiel Brouvvnal from (Berg) 


List of Soldiers, embarked for JYew JYetherland in the Ship Otter y 
^Ith April 1660. 

Jan Vresen, from Hamburg; Adolborst, and Wife and two children. 
Jacob Loyaeler, from Francfort. ReinierCornelis, from Ulrechtt be dis- 

charged whenever he request it, to 
follow his trade. 
Daniel Lengelgraast, from Amsterdam. Joost Kockeiot, from Wrimigen. 
Thomas V'^rstuyt, from Bremen. Jan Vaex, from Nieustad. 

Harmen Hellings, from Verda Jan Vier, from Ron. ' 

Gysbert Dircksen,from Schans te voorn. Jan Claesen, from Outserenfer. 
Tennis Warten, from Gorcum Paulus Mettermans, from L'Orient. 

Ferdinandus Willays, trom Cortryck. Peter Tcunis, from Steenburg. 
Immigrants; la the Gilded Otter. 

Joost Huyberts, from Gelderland; Agriculturist, and Wife and two children. 

Philip Gassier, from Calais; Agriculturist, and Wife ami four children. 

David Uplie, from Calais; Agriculturist, and Wife. 

Matthews Blanchard, from Anois; Agriculturist, and Wife and 3 children. 

Jan Adriaensen van Duyvelant's Wife. 

Anthony Krypel, from Artois; Agriculturist, and Wife. 

Canster Jacobs' Wife, from Hoesem and Daughter. 

Willem Jacobsen, from Haerlem ; Agriculturist. 

Bastiaen Glissen, from Caienibiirg; Agriculturist, and Wife and five children. 

Gerrit Jansz van Veen, from Calemburg; farmer's boy. 

Gerrit Aartsen van Ruren ; Agriculturist. 

Gerrit Cornelissen van Ruren; Agriculturist. 

Cornells Abrahams, from Gelderland; Agriculturist. 


January; [n the Golden Eagle. 
Cornelis Gerlossen, from East Friesland; Tailor. 
Jannetje Barents, widow of Jan Quisthout. 
Jacob Farments, wife and child. 

May; In the Beaver. 
Hugh Barentsen de Clein, and Wife and seven children. 
Peter Marcelis van Beest, and Wife and four children and 2 servants, 
Aert Pietersen Buys van Beest, and Wife and son, 
Frans Jacobsen van Beest, and Wife and two children. 
Widow Geertje Cornelis van Beest, and six children. 
Widow Adriaentje Cornelis van Beest, and Daughter. 
Goossen Jansen van Noort van Beest. 
Hendrick Dries van Beest. 
Neeltje Jans van Beest. 
Geertruy Teunissen van Beest. 
Geertje Willems, from Amsterdam. 
Aert Teunissen Middagh, 
Jacob Bastiaensen, from Heycop. 

Estienne Genejoy, from Rochelle, and Wife and three children. 
Jan Lammertsen, from Bremen, 
Hendrickje Jochems. 
Geertje Jochems. 
Wouter Thysen, from Hilversom. 
Gideon Jacobs, 
The Son of Evert Peterson, Consoler of the sick. 

Ditto; In the St. Jean Baptist. 
Gerrit Gerritsen, from Besevenn, 
Gommert Paulesscn from Antwerp, 

Aerent Teunissen, from Amsterdam, and Wife and two children. 
Jan Theunissen, from Amsterdam, and Wife and two children. 
Annetje van Genen, from Sinden. 
Geertje Samsons, from Weesp. 

Jan Willemsen, from the Loosdrecht, and Wife and two sons, 
Peter Bielliou, from Pays de vaud, and Wife and four children, 
Walraven Luten, from FLmders, and Wife and suckling, 
Mynder Coerten, fri'ni Adighem, 
Claes Jansen, from Uithooin and Wife and child, 
Andries Imans, from Leyden. 
Jacob Abrahamsen Santvoort. 
Gerrit Hendricksen, from Swoll. 

Tys Barentsen, from Leirdam, and wife and three children. 
Cornelis Dircksen Vo&, from Leirdam, and Wife, mother and two Childien. 

November; In the Purmerland Church. 
Barent Cornelissen Slecht. 


January; In the Golden Eagle. 
Peter Jansen Cuyck, from Heusden, Agriculturist. 
Peter Jansen, from Amsterdam; Agriculturist. 
Teunis Dircksen Boer, and Wife and thre« childreD. 
Senrart Petersen, from noesem ; Rlalster. 


March; In the Faith. 
Lysbet Harmens, from the Tiaeit. 
Jan Gerrits, from Embden ; labourer. 
Jacob Wouters, from Amsterdam. 

Barent Witten Hooft, from Munster, Tailor, and Wife and two children. 
StolTel Smet, from Keurlo; Agriculturist. 
Adriaen Hendricks, from Borckelo; Agriculturist. 
Precilla Homes, anil her brother, and one suckling. 
Thomas Harmenscn Broiuvers, from Sevenbergen; farmer. 
Symon Cornie; farmer fiom France, and Wife. 

Adriaen Gerritsen, from Utrecht; Agriculturist, and Wife and five children. 
Albert Jansen, from Steenwyck; Tailor. 
Reinier Petersen, from Steenwyck; Agriculturer. 
Clacs van Campen, from Oldenburg; farmer's bo)''. 
Adriaen Aartsen from Thillerwarden in Guilderland. 
Henilrick Arentsen, from the same place; labourer. 

April; In the Hope. 
Annctje Hendricks, Wife of Jan Evertsen; shoemaker, and five children. 
Cornelis Dircksen Hooglant; Agriculturer, and Wife, son and Daughter. 
Jacob Jansen; N. Netherland; farmer, and Wife and three children. 
Adriaen Vincian, froniTournay; /Agriculturer. 
Jochem Engelburgh, from Heustien. 
Gerrit Hargerinck, from Nevvenhuys, and two sons. 
Annetje Gillis van Beesi; servant girl. 

Jan Petersen, from Deventer; Tailor, and Wife and three children 
Jan Timmer, from Gorekuin, and W ife. 
Luytje Gerrits ; Agriculturist from Friesland. 
Peckle Dircksen, from Friesland. 

Willem Lubbensen, from Mei)pel ; Agriculturist, and Wife and six children. 
Lubbert Lubbertsen, from iVIcpi)el; Agriculturist, and Wife and four children. 
Jan Barentsen, from Meppel; Agriculturist, and Wife and five children. 
Gerrit Jacobsen, from Meppel; Agriculturist. 
Harmtje Barents, from Meppel; Maiden. 
Willem Pietersen de Groot, and Wife and five children. 

Abel Hardenbroeck, and Wife and child, and servant named Casper Ovencamp. 
Balthaser de Vos, from Utrecht: farmer, and Wife. 
Hendrick Aldertsen, from the Thillerwaerd; farmer, and two children. 
Albert Bucr, from Gulick. 
Jan Spiegelaer, and Wife. 

August ; In the Fox. 
Jan de la Warde, from Antwerp. 
Albert Saboriski, from Prussia. 
Anthony Dircksen, from Brabant. 
Pierre Martin, Pays de Vaud. 
Gerardus Ive, from Pays de Vaud. 
Joost Grand, from Pays de Vaud. 
Jan Le chaire, from Valenciennes; Carpenter. 
Jan Albantsen, from Steenwyck, and Wife and chUd. 
Ammereus Claesen, maiden. 
Hendricl£ Albertsen; Labourer 
IVtb OlusiBfD ; IsAonrcr. 


Lysbet Hendricksen. 

Jan Bossch, from Westphalpn. 

Roelof Hermansen, from Germany, and Wife. 

Robbert ite la Main, from Dieppe. 

David Krallbrt; Mason, and Wife and child. 

Jacomyntje Jacobs, Daughter of Jacob Swart. 

Juriaen Jansen, from Holstein., 

Annelje Anthonis, wife of Gerrit Mannaet, and her child. 

Souverain Ten ftoute; Baker. 

Albert Hentlricksen, from Maersen; House Carpenter. 

Symon Scholts, from Prussia. 

Henilrick Tymensen, from Loodrecht. 

David Ackerman, from the Mayory of Bosch, and Wife and six children. 

Will em Syiuonsen, from Amsleriiam. 

Pierre cle Maic, from Rouen; Shoemalcer. 

Dirck Storm, from the Mayory of Bosch, and Wife and three children. 

David i)^vidsen, from IMaostricht. 

Jan Joosten, from the Thielerwaert, and wife and five children. 

Claes Barents, from D irt. 

Lendert Dircksen Van Venloo, of Rumunt. 

Adreaen Lowrensen Van Loesren, carpenter. 

October; In the Pvrmerland Church. 
Claus Pauh'.s, from Detmarsum, and Wife. 
Nicolas du Pui, from Artois, and Wife and three children. 
Arnout du' Toi-:, from Ryssel, (Lisle.) and Wife and one child. 
Gideon .'Meil';, and Wife and four children. 
Louis L(!m!i:ii.iii. anit Wife and three children. 
Jacquc- Cussi; is. and Wife and two children. 
Jan de Conchilw r, .now, Consiiyea) and Wife and five children 
Jacob Colff, from 1 ryden, and Wife and two children. 
Judith Jans, from J^oyden, maiden. 
Carsten Jansen. 
Ferdinandus .!.■• MuMor. 
Isaac Vcrninl, and W ife and four children. 
Abelis ^^etslu'Ol■^. 
Claes Jansen \ an Heynengen. 


March; In the. Rosetree. 
Andries Pietersen van Bri^(^n. 

Dirck Everts, from Aniersfoort, and VVife and three children. 
Peter Jansen, from Amersfoort, and four children. 
Fredrick (3lapsen, from Norway. 
Jeremiad .lansen, from Westerhoot. 

Jan .lanobsen, from F.ast Friesland, and Wife and two children. 
Hendricic Hendrick'son, from Westphalia. 
Hendrick Lammerts, from Amersfoort. 

.Ian Jansen Ve.rberck, from Buren, and Wife and five children. 
Jannetje Willemscn. 

Adrian Lammerfspn, from Tielilerveen, and Wife and six children. 
Jacob Hendricks, his Nephew. 


Theunis Jansen, from the country of Liege, and Wife and six children. 

Thys Jansen, from tlie country of Liege, and four children. 

Theunis Gerritsen; painter, from Buren. 

Jan Petersen Buys van Beest. 

Hendriclc Hansen, from Germany. 

Edward Smith, from Leyden. 

Peter Martensen, from Ditmarsum, and child. 

Bay Groesvelt, and Wife and sucking child. 

Cornelis Claesen, from Amsterdam. 

Hendrick Abels, from Leyden. 

Barent Hoist, from Hamburgh. 

Hendrick Wessels, from Wishem. 

Claes Wouters, from Amersfoort, and Wife and one child. 

Grietje Hendricks, Wife of Jan Arentsen Smith in Esopus and daughter. 

Jan Cornelisz van Limmigen. 

Hendrick Jansen; painter. 

Grietje Harmens, from Alckmaer. 

Fredrick Claesen, from Mespelen. 

Ditto; In the Eagle. 
Willem Schot. 
Elias Jansen, from Tiel. 
Dirck Schiltman, from Tiel. 
Andrees Petersen, from Tiel. 
Maria Laurens. 

Grietje Jaspers, from Tiel; maiden. 
Dirck Lucas. 
Clement Rosens. 
Evert Dirksen, from Vianen, and two children. 

April; In the Spotted Cow. 
Hendrick Corneliss, from New Netherland. 
Staes de Groot, from Tricht. 

Elje Barents, the Wife of Adam Bremen, and servant girl. 
Jan Lourens, from Schoonder Woort, and Wife and two children. 
Theunis Bastiaensen Cool, and child. 

Jan Bastiaensen, from Leerdam, and Wife and four children. 
Giel Bastiaensen, from Leerdam, and Wife and four children. 
Gerrit Jans, from Arnhem, and Wife and Brother-in-Law, Arnoldus Willems. 
Joris Adriaensen, from Leerdam. 
Peter Matthysen, from Limborgh. 
Jan Boerhans. 
Lammert Jansen Dorlant. 
Gerrit Verbeeck. 

Grietje Gerrits, the Wife of Dirck Jansen, and two children. 
Adriaen Jansen Honink from Well, and Wife and four children. 
Hans Jacob Sardingh. 
Juriaen Tomassen, from Rypen. 
Jan Laurens, from Rypen. 
Jan Otto van Teyl, and Wife and child. 
Matthys Bastiaensen vander Peich, and daughter. 
Marytje Theunis van Beest. 
Jwome Bovie, from Pays de Vaud, and Wife and five children. 


David de Marist, from Picardy, and Wife and four children. 

Pierre H'm, from the Pays de V'aud, and Wife, sucking- child and sister. 

Jean Mesurole, fro'm Picaidy, and Wife and sucking child. 

Jean Arien. from Moapellier, and Wife and child (removed to the Islands) 

Martin Renare, from Picardy, and Wife and child. 

Jacob Kerve, from Leyden, and Wife. 

Pierre Parmentie, from Pays de Vaud, and Wife and son. 

Joost Houpleinej from Flanders, and Wife and son. 

Joost Houpleine, junior, and Wife and sucking child. 

Guilliani Golfou, from Sweden. 

Moiilart Jouraay, from Pays de vaud. 

Pierre Richard, from Paris. 

JuxE; hi. the Star. 

Peter \\ orsler. 

Vieu Pont; from Normandy. 

Joan Paul de Rues. 

Ditto; In the St. Jacob. 

Geertje Huyberts, Wife of Jan Gerritsen, from ilarken, and nephew. 

Annetje Jacobs, from Gornichem. 

SEPTEiiBER; In the Stetin. 

Schout Olferts, from Friesland, and Wife and child and servant Foppe 

Jacob Govertsen, and son. 

Jan Jansen, the younger, and Wife and child. 

Claes Jansen, from Amsterdam, and Wife and three children. 

Anthoni Berghman, from Gorcum. 

Heudrick Gerretsen, from Aernhem. 

Willem Van Voorst, from Arnhem. 

Grietje Jansen, from Weldorp. 

Cornelis Teunissen, from Norway. 

Peter Cars'ensen, from Holsteyn and son. 

Jacob Bastiaensen, from Newerveen. 

Jan Jansen, from Norway, and Wife. 

Grietje Hargeringh, Jan Hargeringh, from Newcnhuya. 

Jonannes Burger, from Geemen. 

Gysbert Krynne Boelhont. 

Beletje Jacobs, van Naerden. 

Reinier Claesen, from Francken. 

Hessel Megelis, from Friesland. 

Jan Laurense, from New Netherland. 

Albert Adriaense de Bruyn, from the Betawe. 

Dirck Teunissen van Naerden. 

Jan Vreesen, from Hamburg. 

Jan Roelofsen, from Norway. 

Susanna Verplanck, and child 

Lysbet ver Schuren 

Jan Brouwer, and Brother. 

Annetje Hendricks, Wife of Fredrick Hendricks Cooper. 

Douwe Aukes. 

Merine Johannis, and Wife and four children, together with his Wife's sister 
and his servant. 


October; In the St. Peter. 
Marrifje Jans, from Amstertlam. 
Boel Roelofs, from Friesland. 

Peter Alberts, from Vlissinjen, and Wife and two children. 
Ariaen Peters Kume, from Flissingen. 
Willem Luycass, from Maeslands-sluys. 

1664. ^ 

January; In the Faith. 
Marcelis Jansen van Boinme! ; farmer. 
Evert Tack, from the Barony of Breda. 
Lysbet Areus, from Amsterdam, anil child. 

Johannis Hardenbroeck, from Elberveld, and Wife and four children, 
.lanneken Juriaensen, from Gorcum. 

Corneiiss Coinelisscn Vernoey, and Wife and sucking child. 
Lysbet de Roode, from Dantzick, Wife of John Saline, and child. 
Sara Teunis. 

Ditto ; In the Broken Heart. 
Lysbeth Jansen van Wie, near Goch. 
The Wife of Govert van Oy, and two children. 
Jan Jansen, from Amsterdam. 

Claes Gerritsen, son of Gerrit Lubbertsen, from Wesel. 
S. Vander Wessels. 
Jan Wouterse van Nor .'en. 

Ditto ; In the Beaver. 
Anietje Hendricks van der Briel. 

APRIL; In the Concord. 
Abigel Verplanck, and child. 

Claes Mellis, from Great Schermer, and Wife and two children and servant. 
Jan Taelman. 

Hendrick Bartholomeiis and five children. 
Claes Gerritseu, and Wife and child. 
Jentje Jeppes, an! Wife and three children. 
Bastiaen Corneiiss, from Maersen. 
Maes W^illems, from Heyland. 
The W fe of Jan Evertsen van Lier, and child. 
Claes Andriessen, fromHolsteyn. 
Gerrit Gerritsen, from Swol. 
Sicke Jans, from Amsterdam. 
Seravia vander Hagen, and child. 

Carel Enjoert, from Flanders, and Wife and three childreo 
Hendrick Wienrick, from Wesel. 
Adriaenlje Hendricks, and child. 




Ecstorattou of Netu-Jlork 



ClinrgtB ngiiinst Captain Blantimg 


1674, 1675. 

Vol. III. 


Burgomasters and Scliepens being on the invitation of the 
H^ Govern'", assembled Collegialiter in the City Hall on 
the 15 00^-1674 
The H''. Governour General appearing at the meeting repre- 
sents that he hath now received by tlie Government ship the 
Muyll T, omp, Letters & Absolute Orders from the Lords Majors 
and their High Miglitinesses, for tlie Restitution of this Province 
of N. Netherland to his Majesty of Great Britain pursuant to the 
Treaty of peace concluded on the February last ; with further 
order for himself to return immediately with the Garrison, wliich 
His Honour tliought fit to communicate to the meeting, furtlier 
stating to them if they had any Representation to make to their 
High Mightinesses, and Honi^'e Mightinesses tliat his Honour 
would willingly present the same. JV*. Orange Rec. 


Being arrived to this Place with Orders to Receaue from you 
in the Behalf of His Mat'^'of Great Britagny Pursuant to the 
Late Articles of Pease witli the States Generall of the United 
Neatherlands, The New Netherlands and Dependances, now 
vnder your Command, I haue herewitli, by Capt. Pliilipe 
Carterett • and Ens. Caesar Knapton, sent you the Respective 
Orders from the said States Generall , the States of Zealand and Ad- 
mirality of Amsterdam, to that Elect, and desire youl Please to 
apoiut some short time for it. Our Soldjers having [been] long 


abord, I pray your Answer by these Jentlemen and I shall bee 

Ready, to serve you in what may Lay in my Power, Being 

From abord His Ma'^^s s^ip 

The Diamond, att Anker neare Your Very Humble Servant. 

Staten Island this 22" ^ of 04^^' 



" For the H^ie The Gouernor 
Commander in Chief in The 
New Netherlands, 



S«'. — I Receiued yours Last Night of tlie same date, by Capt 
Carell Episseyn & Lieut Charles Quirrynse which were I com in 
a private capasity or bound elsewhere, is very obligin to my 
superiors and Family. Eut I am suprizcd that being sent 
Authorized as Tarn for Receaving the Place which I 

length you severall Reteirated the 

States Generall, tlie States of Zealand & Admiralty of Amsterdam 
(which you also tell mee you liad Ah^eady receaved before my 
Arival k itt being so long after the Tyme, itt should have been 
delivered if demanded) you have nott, so Much as Sett any Time 
for the Effecting itt, I doe nott Doubt tlie Freedom, & y Kind 
Vsage of all Inglish, In generall w^^^ jg daylay practized betweene 
our Superiors, & Two Na.^ons in Vrope, & Elsewhere, but hav- 
ing no Orders to Land vpun a private acompt & Tlie Ships sent 
w*^'' mee by the King of Ingland, my Master, being nott onely 
att very great Expense, but designed for liis Sarvice, elsewliere 
as soone as I am possesd of this Place ; I againe desire you yi 
[pursuant to the Articles of Peace, k the Severall Orders you 
liaue Received, you will apoint a sliort Tyme for Eflecting itt. 

This is by Cap"e Philipe Carterett, Cap"° Mathias Nicolls & 
Ens : Csesar Knapton who will tel you tlie same things verbally. 


and also ashure you as I now doe that if M"" Colve or any of yo « 
01- Ships should nott be Ready to goe on Bord, or Saile, that you 
shall not onely have all kindnesse as is dayly Practised att Home, 
butt myselfe, Ready to Sarve you upuu all occacons to my 
Power : So nott Doubting yo"" Considering things as they 
your present Resolve, Conformable to friendship & orders of 
Superri's & desiring y Answer by these Jentlemen, I am in Reality 

From Abord his Maty^ ship 
The Diamond, at Anker neare Yo^ Friend & Humble Servant 
Staten Island ; 23th Oct'-er 1674. 

. Signed Ed"» Andros. 


Sr. — I received yo^" yesterday in the Evening in answer to 
mme by the hands of Capt Philip Carteret Matthias Nicolls & 
Eusigne Csesar Knapton. 

You tell me That you hoped & did not doubt but within the 
space of eight days you would be ready pursuant to ye Articles 
of peace and Instructions to Surrender ye place now under yo": 

If the Time for ye Surrender had beene certainly prefixt & by 
a Lesse space, I should not have had [tiie necessity of] giving 
you this farther Trouble. Now once againe by the same Gentle- 
man I Desire you to lett me [know with certainty when] I ^ 
my forces may pursuant both to your Sf my Orders [take possession 
of t^iej Fort and Government you now are [comnia7idvi g] 1 alsoe 
wish you will take into yor Co^mideration to^ pitch upon a shorter 
time then you have proposed : 

Tliese Gentlemen I -have. now appointed to discourse with you 
about t]ie [time] thereof that nothing may further intervene to 
delay it ^for the furthering of which, if you thinke convenient 4" 
you may please to send some of yor Councell to mee (or whom else 
you shall thinke fitt to autliorize) that we may haue conference 
about the same. 


I should bee very glad these matters may bee concluded in a 
Faire & amicable way I doe hope & will not doubt yo-- effectuall 
answer, desiring nothing more then a friendly Conference & the 
honor of seeing and serving you That I may not bee obleged 
pursuant as I tliink to my duty to justify my proceedings by a 
publick Protest. And if there yet shall remaine anytliing either 
publicJc or yo'' private Concernes, if you please to let me Know 
it by these Gentlemen or any of them I shall bee very ready & 
glad of all opportunitys to testify how much I am 

From on board his Ma' «' ship Yo"" humble Servant. 

The Diamond at Anchor 

neare Staten Island Octob The 24th 


Note. — The MS. from which the above is copied appears to be the orig* 
draught of Sir E. Anilross' letter. The paper is considerably damaged & the 
writing difficult to be decypliered. 


3 NovRMBi" A° 1674 Burgomasters and Schepens being met 
at the City Hall with the Burgher Council of war, they with 
the approbation of the H^ Governour, appointed and qualified, 
as they hereby appoint and qualify tlie Hi" Cornells Steenwyk, 
with the Heeren Burgomaster Joliannes van Brugh L WiUem 
Beekman to repair on board liis Majesty's frigate now anchored 
under Staten Island, and there welcome tlie Hr Governour' 
Andrews and to request together some privileges from him for 
the advantage of the commonalty. 

The foregoing Commissioners returning this date reported 
that they welcomed the H'' Governor Major Andrews and 
requested from him to favor the Inhabitants with some.privilege8 ; 
Who answered them that they the Commissioners may assure 
the Inhahitants of the Dutcli Nation that they should participate 
in tlie game privileges as those of the English Nation, and that 


Dis Honour would as far as possible promote tlieir interests ; 
referring himself further to the Instructions given him by his 
Royal Majesty & Highness the Duke of York. JV. Or. Rec. 


Sr — I rec<^ yoi's the last night by M'" Steenwyck & Capt Charles 
Eppisteyne together with the enclosed paper of severall particu- 
lars relating to the Towue'; To whicli (did I think myselfe 
Authorized to Treat particularly of tilings of this nature afore my 
Landing) I should not scruple nor doubt to give you a particular 
and satisfactory Answ to most of them ; which I hope you will 
have in the Gen" by my Assuring you as I now do againe, That 
I am not onely Commanded punctually to observe the Articles 
of Peace, But have also his Majesty's and Royall Higlmesse 
particular Orders to do it in the best and most ffriendly manner 
with kindnesse to such Dutch as I shall finde upon the place , 
As to ye last relating to the S'.iip, I desire to do it as farre as 
reasonably they can expect (but It relates to some of our Acts 
of Parliam') I haue spoken to one of the Owners, and desire 
tliat they will amongst themselves and the Master advise 
together, how farre that may be with safety, particularly to 
themselves ; Vpon which I shall bee willing to do the utmost 
in my Powf'r accordingly. I have directed the Bearer, Capt° 
Matthias Nicolls, Personally to confcrre with you, more at large 
to this effect in any of these particulars, if you s^iall think fitt. 
I am sorry for the disorders you men^on, happened in the 
Towne, which I doubt not are now wholly remedyed by the 
Orders you have taken in commanding all the Souldyers to the 
Fort from rambling about the towne, as also enjoyning all others 
to repaire Home, which will (without doubt) quiet Peoples 
mindes ; so that if you have not already released tliose Souldyers 
committed for som disorders in the street (being drunk) I againe 
now desire you to Pardon them, in which you will oblige mee ; 

] See " Proposalls " post p. 73 


SO hoping to heere from you tb morrow, for sending p'sons on 
Shoare to see and take knowledge of such things as you shall 
leave in the ffbrt, for me to receive ; with my thanks for yo^ 
last Civilityes, being ready to serve yo" in what may ly in my 
Power, I remaine 

S»" Yor most humble Serv* 

Signed E. Andros. 

Fi-om on board his Ma^ys 

Ship the Dyamond at 

Anclior neare Staten Island, 

Oct. 28tli. 1674. 


No: 2a 1674. 

Sr. — This is to return you my acknowledgements and thanks 
for both yo's of the 10^^ and ll'h ultimo upon the subject of my 
relieving you in this place, being also obliged to you for yo' 
good opinion and Character of me here ; & shall bee glad of all 
opportunity wlierein I may testify yo"" Generosity in all yo' 
proceedings since my arrivall to these parts. 

I have upon yo"" desh-e wholly freed the two prison ""^ you left 
mee here : I have also here enclosed sent you as you directed 
an answer in the Margent to the severall particulars in tlie s«^ 
pap"' which I hope you will bee satisfyed is as full & ample as is 
any way in my power. But againe assure you that liaving his 
Ma''es ^ hij5 j^_ iia orders I shall endeauo^" all I may the good & 
wellare of y^ Inhabitants of this place. 

I haue now onely to adde my farther acknowledgements and 
thanks for y^ present of the three horses & Coach, am onely 
confused that yo"" sudden departure for soe great a distance will 
deprive me of y® means of shewing how sensible I am of this 
particular obligacon to myselfe. 

Tills is by C. M. N. > & E. Caesar Knapton who will tell you 
the same verbally & wish you a good & prosperous voyage, also 
requesting you from mee to let mee know all opportunityes 
wherein I may serue you during yo longer stay in these parts. 

1 Capt. Matthias NicoU. 



Gov. Anbros' Answers. 

S' — I have upon yo^ desire 
for yo»' satisfaction given you 
the following Answer to yo"^ 
severall Particulars : — 

To the pt. I shall bee ready 
upon all occasions to counte- 
nance and bee helpeful to any 
you shall think fitt to entrust 
in this place, as farre as may 
bee in my power pursuant to 
the Articles of Peace k Law. 

To the 2^^^. To continue pur- 
suant to Law and the utmost 
of t]ie Articles of Pe-ace. 

Proposalls sent by Gov: Colve 
to Gov. Andros previous to the 
Surrender of JVew York Oct. 
27 1674^ 

Myn Heer — Pursuant to my 
last I have considered it my 
duty to propose to your Honor 
herewith the following Articles, 
on the one side for the greater 
satisfaction of my Lords & 
A-tasters, and on tlie other lor 
the greater tranquility of the 
good People of this Province, 
requesting I may receive your 
answer in the margin thereof — 
to wdt : — 

1«^ As it is impossible to 
settle before my departure all 
the debts of the present gov- 
ernment and to dispose of its 
effects consisting principally 
in the confiscated property of 
the late English Oihcers found 
here on the reduction of this 
Province, from which their 
personal debts must first be 
paid; and as it will be necessary 
for that end to leave autliority 
here on behalf of my Lords 
Principals, I do therefore re- 
quest tiiat your Honor on being 
solicited, will be pleased to lend 
him a helping hand on all 
occurring occasions. 

2. That all sentences and 
Judgments passed during my 
Administration may stand good. 



To the 3*1. All Justice with 
friendship shall bee sliewne, 
pursuant to the Articles of 

To the 4tb. The usualJ disci- 
pline of their Church to bee 
continued to them as formerly, 
and the other' of Inheritance, 
as I'arre as I may, & for those 
' that shall desire it. 

To the 5 th. I have neither 
Orders nor directions fov any 
pressing whatever and shall 
allwayes bee glad to favour the 
Inhabitants therein. 

To the 6 th. I s'lall allwayes 
bee ready to allow & favour so 
charitable a worke. 

To the V'h. I shall take fitting 
Care in this particular to the 
satisfaction of all the good. 

To the 8'^. I have scene since 
my arrivall severall orders or 
Decrees upon Record, for the 
arrestin'j; & forfeithig tlie Effects 
of the West Indya Company in 
these parts, during the former 
Warre in 1C64 & 1(;C5, wliich 
I am also informed liave since 
been accounted for at home, so 
not in my power. 

To the 9th. I hope this will 
not bee expected from mee, 
which if due should have beene 

3. That the present owners 
of the houses, lands and other 
effects of private persons con- 
fiscated during the war, may 
be maintained in their pos- 
session . 

4. That the Inhabitants of 
the Dutch Nation may be al- 
lowed to retaiii their customary 
Church privileges in Divine 
Service and Chui-ch discipline 
besides their Fathers' laws & 
customs in the division of their 

5. That tliey may be excused 
from Impressment, if not 
wholly at least against their 
own Nation. 

6. That each Congregation 
whether Lutherans or others 
may support their own Poor. 

7. That all Publick houses 
may continue according to the 
Customs now existing. 

8. That the West India 
Company's creditors in this 
Country may be paid from their 
property and outstanding debts 

9. That the City Tapsters 
Excise may remain for the 
benefit of the city until the 



effected by my Predecessors & 
is not in my power. 

To the 10th. This seemes to 
relate to the first, However I 
have liis Royall Highnesse par- 
ticular Orders & llegulacon for 
tlie Cus tomes in every particu- 
lar, from which I may not 

debts of 

before my Administration, sliull 

be paid, as was agreed unto by 

tlie Capitulation in the Year 


10. Whereas the Inhabitants 
of tliis Province advanced some 
monies by form of a Loan for 
the fortification of this City, for 
the repayment of wliic.i money 
a small Impost was laid on 
exported Beavers and peltries 
and imported Indian goods, 
that the same Impost may stand 
good until the said expended 
monies sliall be paid. 

1 1 . That the Ship tlie Beaver, 
Skipper Jacob Mauritz destined 
hence for Holland may be al-' 
lowed to remain unmolested at 
anchor here to sell his goods, 
to receive his pay, to load his 
Sliip here to depart with the 
same directly for Fatherland, 

To the ll'h. As to this par- 
ticular, I shall continue all the 
favour and friendsliip I may 
pursuant to the Articles of 
Peace, and Acts of Parliam^ & 
shall not take any advantage 
or tollerate it, but alford a 
reasonable Time. 

S"" Yo'" most humble Serv* 
For the Hont^'^ Governor Colve 

on board tlie Sitrtes Ship the 

Surynam, These. 

This is a true Copie of the Proposalls sent by Governo'' Colve 
to Gouerno Andros before the surrender of the Fort bearing 
date Octob 27'^ old stile with the Answer returned to the 
seueraU particulars therein afterwards ; pursuant to the Assur- 
ance given by those employed. 

Matthias Nicolls, Seer. 

" ProposaUs from the 
Dutch Governo' and the Governors 
Answer Nov. 2 J 1674." 



S' — I have rec^ yCs of the IS*'' new style, by Capt. Carel 
Epesseyn & Lieut Carel Quirinsen, together with the orders for 
the respective places of this Governing to bee delivered to mee 
pursuant to the Articles of Peace, And now have onely to adde 
my acknowledging^ and thankes for ye further kind Expressions 
to mee in yo'' letter. 

As to vol' Postcript concerning pressing I doe hope my former 
Answer will bee satisfactory for quieting j^ minde of the 
Inhabitants ; but tor yo owne further satisfaction I doe further 
assure you, that I shall neither impose, nor desire their bearing 
Arms ags' their Nation. 

As to M'" W"i Dervalls molesting in words a person possest of ' 
a Confiscated house. As soone as I heard it, I did check the s^ 
Darvall for soe doeing. Letting him know, that all were to have 
the free benefit of y« law & Articles of Peace & did Assui-e the 
other of Riglit & Justice pursuant thereunto which in all Cases 
shall b( ( ]My Endeavo"", as it is my Orders. 

Tins is l.y Capt. Mattliias Nicolls who will tell you the same 
verbally : *s: l:>.v whom (luiv ing had many addresses) I liave sent 
you such demands as haue beene given mee in writings, for 
daraagf s sustained from those under yo'' Comand, since the time 
limited for Peace in these Parts ; vpon which I pray & will not 
doubt yo'' < il'ectual Answer ; If there bee any thing yet remain- 
ing wherein I may serve you before yo-" voyage, I shall bee ready 
further to testify how much I am 

Yor most humble Serv* 

Novemb' T^h i674. 


" L re to Go. Colve 
No. 7. 1C74. 



At a Court ; present the Heeren Burgomasters Schepens 
and Burgher Court Martial — holden and assembled by 
the Special Orders of the Heer Governour General An- 
thony CoLVE, at the City Hall of the City A''ew Orange.^ 
the 9'h Novembr stilo 7iovo^ A" 1674. 
The H'' Governour General appearing in Court informed the 
same that he, pursuant to the orders of his Lords Principals, 
should on to-morrow Surrender the Fort and this Province of 
N. Netherland, conformably to tlie Articles of Peace, to the Hr 
Major Andros on the behalf of his Majisty of Great Britain. 
And hath thereupon thanked the Meeting for their past services 
and at the same time absolved and discharged them from tlie Oatli 
of Allegiance taken to tlieir High Mightinesses and his Serene 
Higlmess ; further ordering that the 5 banners of the Out people 
together with the Cushions and Table Cloth now in the City 
Hall should be taken Charge of by the Bargomaster Johonnes 
van Brugh until they were demanded & removed by Superior 
Authority — taking thereupon, further, his farewell of the 
Assembly which I testify having occurred. 

Ephraim Herman, Sec. 

J\C Or. Rer 


Honourable, Beloved, Faithful — Whereas I have received 
ample orders from my Lords Superiors their High Mightinesses 
the Lords States General of the United-Netherlands, their Mighti- 
nesses the Lords delegated Councillors for the Province ©f 
Zealand, and their Mightinesses the Lords Commissioners in tlie 
Board of Admirality at Amsterdam, for delivering up the 
Province of New Netherland for the behoof of his Majesty of 
England, pursuant to the Treaty of Peace concluded between 


tlie two Nations dated the 19 February, to the Heer Major 
Edmond Andros who hath also arrived liere from his Majesty 
of England for that purpose, with orders & qualifications to me 
exliibited, your Honour is therefore ordered & charged on 
receipt hereof to deliver up and hand over to the aforesaid Heer 
Major Andros or to whomsoever his Honour shall qualify there- 
unto, according to the tenor of said Treaty of Peace the Command, 
Right and Jurisdiction of the Places, situated under your 
Honors resort ; further hoping and wishing at all times to hear 
of your futm-e prosperity, happiness & welfare ; finally assm-ing 
your Honour that my further services in Vropa if required shall 
not tail you, if demanded, to my uttermost power, to prove that 
I am your aifectionate friend 
(was undersigned) A. Colve. 

Done, Fort Willem Hendrick 
in N. Nethherland ady 10 Nov 1674. 

The superscription reads tlius 
« Honourable Beloved Faithful 

Sieur Isaacq Greveraedt Scout in the village 
Swanenburg in the Esopus. 
Agrees with the original 

To my knowledge 

W. DE LA MoNTAGNE, Sccrety. 


[ From N. Orange Rec. j 

On the 10 November A° 1674, the Province of New Nether 
land was surrendered by Governor Colve to Governor Majoi 
Edmund Andross on behalf of his Britannick Majesty. 




Whereas it hath pleased His Majesty and his Royall Highnesse 
to send me with authority to receive this place and Government 
from the Dutcli and to continue in the command thereof under 
his royall Higlmesse who hath not only taken cai-e for our future 
safety and defence but alsoe given me his commands for securing 
t!ie Rights and Propertys of the inhabitants and that I should 
endeavour by all fitting means the good and welfare of this 
Province and dependancys under his government, That I may 
not be wanting in any thing that may conduce thereunto and for 
the saving of the trouble and charge of any coming heither for the 
satisfying themselves in such doubts as might arise concerning 
tlieu' Riglits and Propertys upon this change of government and 
wliolly to settle the minds of all in Gen" I have thougiit fitt to 
establish and declare, That all former grants priviledges or 
concessions heretofore granted and all estates legally possessed 
by any under his Royall Highnesse before the late Dutch 
government, As also all legall, judiciall proceedings during tliat 
government to ray arrivall in these parts are hereby confirmed ; 
And the possessors by virtue thereof to remain in quiet posses- 
sion of their riglits. It is hereby further declared that the 
known book of Laws formerly establisht and in force under his 
royall liighnesse government is now again confirmed by His 
Royall Highnesse the which are to be observed and practised 
togetlier with tlie manner and time of holding Courts tlierein 
menconed as heretofore. And all magistrates and civil officers 
belonging thereunto to be chosen and establisht accordingly. 
Given under my hand in New York this ninth day of November 
in the twenty sixth year of his Majesties reign annoqe Domini 

E. Andros. 



To the Right Honbic Major Edmund Andrews Govern"' Gen^i 
of all his Royall Highnesses. [Territory es] in America 
The Address of Capt. John Manning in all humble maner 
That yo'' Hon^. Address^ arrived at Portsmouth in Old Eng- 
land y^ 5th day of January in the y yeare 1673 where Quarters 
[were provided] for yo"" Hon^ Address'" &y<' 23 Soldiers By order 
of They 8'^' day yo' Hone's. Address"" had passage for 

London |andj arriued their the lO'h and without Stop or Stay 
yo"" Hon'S Address*" applied himselfe unto y^ Right Hono'^'e 
Gouernor Legg and immediately his Hon"" took yo'" Hon's Ad- 
dress and Capt. Dudley to his Royal Highness who was gra- 
tiously pleased to tell yo' Hon ^ Address'" tliat a greate informcon 
was come in against him and tliat yo"" Hon'"^ Address*" should 
answere it before his Betters. Tlie meantime that yo"- Hon""* 
Address^ may repaire to his Lodging but be ready to attend his 
R. H. his further Commands, The morning following at w^^ 
time his R. H. was farther pleased to comand yo^ Hon » Address*" 
to give his attendance in y^ Afternoone, being their yo'" Hon'"^ 
Address-- was admitted into y^ Private Closet of his R. H. who 
M-as gratiously [pleased] to pernse y« paper of y^ whole Proceed- 
ings and in [perticulai-J his Royal Hignesse was pleased to blame 
yo'" Hon" Address'" for sending 3 persons a board ye Enemies 
Siiipps to [make terms] yo'" Honf^^ Address'' in all humble Man- 
ner replied unto his R : H : that it was in hopes to have Stopt 
the s'' Sliiftps one Tide and in that time expected y^ Gouern*" 
or more assistance w^'' in y^ flfort, The morneing following his 
R : H : was furtlier gratiously pleased to Comand yo'" Hon-^s j^^. 
dregs'" to weight upon Sir John Worden w'h the said pnpers tlie 
next morning yo"- Honi^s Address'" was Comanded to give his fur- 
ther attendance upon his Royal Highness who was gratiously 
pleased to [Comand] yo"" Hon^s Address to attend at y^ bower 
of [six o clock] at y« Right Honr'^'o ye Lord Arlingtons & 
about tlie hower of Seauen yo' Hon^^ Address"" was Admitted 


into ys prsence of the King's Ida'^^ his Royal Higluiess His grace 
the Duke of Ormoncl Tiie Lord high Treasurer of England The 
Lord Keeper y^ Lord Arhngton & one Peere more of his Maties 
Cabinett Counsell, And upon y^ examinaton of yo- Hon'"^ Ad- 
dress^' The King Avas gratiously pleased to Comand [to be read] 
an Ace* how the ffort of York was Loste Sooue after the Gierke 
of that Supreme Court after he had rede ye papers The King 
amongust otlier Questions w^as most [gratiously] pleased to 
Comand an Ace* to be renderd how many Bastions w^as belonging 
• to the said flbrt, yo^" Hon^s Address"^ answered [four] and allso how 
many Gunns belonged to each Bastiau, and his Royal Highness was 
gratiously pleased to answer in y^ Behalfe of yo"" Hon^ Address^" 
that there was [ ten to] euerry Bastian ; ifurthei the King was 
gratiously pleased to Demand how long y^ Curtaines were yo^ 
Honi"s Address^" Humbly Answered that to ye Best of his memory 
70 paces or upward k allso how many men was in y^ flbrt, And 
w^as answered 70 or 80 Whereupon y^ King Avas further gratiously 
pleased unto his Royal Highness (to say) Brother the ground 
could not be maintained w'^^ so few Men ; And it was further 
Demanded of yo"^ Hon''« Address^^ concerning his knowledge of 
the Enemies ffleete and their strength and [what] loss they liad 
at Viall : Which accordingly yo"^ Hon^s Address'' humbly 
answered ; And at y^ same time yo^ Hon^s Address^" humbly 
besought his Ma^'^ that care mought be taken of thes'i Souldiers 
^rch ye King iiumediately gave Order to be hsted in y« severall 
Companies at Portsmouth immediately after yo^" Hon^s Addressr 
prayed y^ Secretary to acquaint him what [Order] was made w^ho 
replied that he w^as tohaue yo^ Hone's Address''^ name and where 
he lodged which [he gaue] neuer remoouing from thence dureing 
his aboad his R : H : was further gratiously pleased to comand 
yor Hon" Address'" to giue his constant attendance w<^i^ he did 
oftentimes after, when sickness did not preuent And allso at ye 
latter End of the Moneth of March following his R : H : as he 
w^as gratiously pleased signed a Warr' upon the Treasurer for ye 
sume of 56^'' to pay for y° passage of yo'" Hony^ Address"^ his 
family and Soldiers from ViaU to London yo^ Hone's Address"^ 
still attending his Royall Higness his further Comands untill the 
Court remooued from Whitehall to Winsor vrhere also yo"" Hon'^-* 
Vol. in. G 


Address^ their had [attended] had not prouidence soe decreed 
it that [sLiflficient] money was wanting yC" Hon^s Address'^ 
further [saith] that in y"^ moneth of Aug'. S^- John Worden well 
knew yor Hon^s Address"" being a board of y^ Dimond ffrigate 
[whenj she was ready to depart being bound for theise partes 
^;^rch jqt Hone's Address"" Auers for a truieth as he shall answere 
before y"^ Great God yo^ Honr & yo"^ Hon's Court Witness my 
hand this 21 of Jany annoq Doni 1674. 

yo'' Hon^s most obedient servant, 

John Manning. 


To the Right Hon^ie Edmund Andrewes Esq. Gouerno' 
Generall Vnder his Roy all Highness of aU his Territory es 
in Amerrica & the rest of his Matins officers now assembled 
w*h him in Court Marshal. 
The humble Petition of John Manning Sheweth in all humble 
manner Thaty^r Pef is the most deplorable of all men ify'Hon' 
out of your abundant goodness pleaseth not to take his Missera- 
ble State into yi" Pious consideracon hopeing and prayeing that 
all the paipers may be received and have a favorable Construction 
which shewes in what condicon the ffort was in, the weekness 
of or Strength, the apprehension of Enemies in o"" Bowells, the 
potent Enemy without us, yo"" Honor's Peticoner being wholy 
left without aduice or Councill and haueing but eighteen howers 
before the Enemy came to attack us beside the great discom-age- 
ment and dismaying Capt Carr gaue to our Men when he came 
from aboard the shipps he saying how greate tlieir strength was 
& that we was notable to withstand them, and his not Returncing 
when he went to make Condicons All which sudaine surprisall 
occasioned strange amaisem^^ disorders and Confusion Amongust 
the Men as to oui- Insufficiency for defence upon serious 
examinacon I highly blame myself for first my unaduisedness 


and indiscrecon in takeing the charge of tlie Garrison at Gouernor 
Loiielace his goeing away & allso that I did not see the Articles 
gigned before the surrend^ w<^'' I doe to -my Greef Acknowledge 
tlumigli ye suddaine Hurry of state. Yo'^Hon" Petrhadnot those 
Consideracons in his minde as was meete for his owne Wellfare 
and the Wellfare of his neighbours and friends. 

Therefore doeth humbly craue yo"^ Hone's fauorable oppinion 
in this State of his their being nothing intended of disloyalty or 
unfeithfullness to his Ma^'c or his Roy all Highnesses Intrest nor 
detrim* to the Inliabitants heare soe leauing myself to yo^ 
Hon^s Mercy and Clemancy. 

Jam 29, IGTj. 


Persons siimansed to Apeare before y^ Gouernr abottt ye 
Axamination of Cap* Jn^ Maning on fifiyday ye 29 of 
Jany. 1674. 
M"". Juo Sharpe M^'. Tho Berryman 

Mf. Tho Tailer M"^ Edward ElUtt and his man 

Mr Jno WorsencraiH M'" Jn'^ Cooly 

Mr Henry Newton Volante^s. 
W Jn" Tomson M= Churcher, M'' Jn^ Eay Pipe maker, Then 
Sodgars but now out of saruis — dismist 

Baynes, Fitzgerald, Dowdale, serges before, being cal'd upon 



1. First, That on or about the 28* day of July 1673 the s'l Cap* 
John Manning having notice of a Fleate of Ennemyes ships 
coming into the Bay, Hee did not endeavour as hee ought, 


nor put the Garrison in sncli a fitting posture of Defence as 
hee might, and slighted such as proffer'd their service. 

2. That on or about the SO^'^ day of July the s^ Fleete of 

Ennemyes being under Staten Island at Anchor, Hee the s<i 
Capt John Manning treacherously sent on board to treate 
with them, to the encouragement of the said Ennemy, and 
discouragement of the Garrison. 

3. That upon the same 30 ^^ day of July hee suffered the s^ 

Enemyes with their Fleet to come k moare their ships under 
the Fort without firing at them which he forl^id upon paine 
of death. 

4. That some time after the Ennemyes fleet being so moared, 

Hee suffered them to send their boates on shoare loaden 
with men and to land them without opposigon. 

5. That a while after having sent out several times to treat with 

the Ennemy, hee strooke his Mamies Flagge before the En- 
nemy (that had Landed) were in sight of tlie Fort, Though 
the fort ware in a condicon and all the Garrison desirous to 

6. That he treacherously caused the Gate to bee opened and 

cowardly and basely Let in the Ennemy and yielded them 
his Ma^'e^ I 
Feb. 2. 1674. 


IN JULY 1673, TAKEN FFEBRUARY 4'^" 1674-5 

1. To the I'f- Mr. John Rider, To the whole. Thos. Taylor to 
the first Part, but not of slighting those &c. 

Will"! Palmer to the !«' pte 

M'^ John Sharpe to the first sayes nothing to the last part. 

M' Thos Gibbs to the l^t part but not to the last. 

Henry Newton the first. Jolm Cavalier to the 1^^ 

M"- Thomas Lovelace to tlie l^'. M' Gabr. Miuvielle,Mr. Walter 
Webley to the whole 


2. To the 2^^' M-". Rider Thomas Taylor was twice with those 

Wilham Palmer That some were twice sent 
Mr Sharpe That hee was commanded to put off his Buff Coat 

and go on Board with otliers the pt, time, and afterwards 

by himselfe, for to Treat and gaine time. 
M"^ Gibbs That he sent twice on Board 
M' Lovelace That hee was Commanded on board with others 

to Treat and gaine time. 
Henry Newton, John Cavalier, That hee sent on Board. 

3. To the 3d. M^. Rider Tho Taylor except for bidding upon 

paine of death 
W™ Palmer, John Cavalier to the whole. 
M"" Sharpe to the l^t part 
M»' Gibbs to the l^t part. 
M"" Lovelace to the 1^* pte. 
Henry Newton to the pt. And heard William Palmer and 

Charles Bollen Gunners say they were ; And did pull their 

Haire lor Anger 

4. To the i^f^- Thomas Taylor, "William Palmer, Thomas Gibbs, 

IV^ Sharpe, M"" Lovelace Henry Newton 

5. To the 5*/»- Tho. Taylor, That the fflagg was struck a fflagg 

of Truce put up, and a Parly Beat. 
William Palmer, M"^ Sharpe, That the fflagg was struck 
Ml" Gibbs, John Cavalier. 
M^" Thomas Lovelace, Henry Newton, That y^ fflagg wag 

struck and Parly Beat. 

6. To the 6^^- Thomas Taylor, That the Gates were opened and 

the Enemy Let in 

W'" Palmer, M^" Sharpe, That the Gates were opened and 
himselfe being tlien out sent to propose Articles to March 
out as Souldiers w^i^ tlieir baggage, wcii were not signed. 

M^" Gibbs, Tliat the Gate was opened and the Enemy Let in, 
hee being detained at tlie head of tlieir P'ty where he being 
sent with Mr Lovelace and Cap* Carre to make articles, 
and found the Enemy at the new Burial place, without the' 


Ml" The. Lovelace, That the Gate was opened &c as M"" 
Gibbs being w^^ him at the head of y^ Enemy detayued. 

Henry Newton That the Enemy was Let in before he came 
off the flEiagg Mount &c 

John Cavalier, That the Gates being Open and the Enemy 
Marching, he went out before they came in. 


To the Honed Gouern'" And Court Assembled. 

Since Prouidence has soe Orderd it. That I am Ciiarged w*'^ 
Six seuen Articles In all Submission I acknowledge my selfe 
blame worthy to all (but Treachery makeing of Articles for my 
selfe onely and Cowerdise w^^ I humbly Conceaue I am not 
Guilty of or w^h if the words of a dyeing Man may be Credited 
I take the greate God to Witness I aiu not directly or indirectly 
in any measure guilty Had I entertained but such a thought 
death had beene to good for me much less to Imagine or dare to 
Act such a viUinous deepe dyed unpardinable Crime but to 
exhonorate myselfe soe farr as I cann In all humble maner upon 
the bended Knees of my harte I pray that the following reasons 
f^eh -^as according to my unaduised Judgm^ Cheefely Induced 
me soe to Act may be pondred [and taken] into yo'" Hon'^ Pious 
and Graue Consinera^on Humbly craueing a perdon for Errors 
I3iat may be therein w^h may be occasioned by my poor broaken 
heade and disqwieted Spiritt In hopes of some Mittigacon of 
my charge I further pray that all persons may be heard to speake 
that can say any thing to iny aduantage I haueing noe Aduocate 
to make intercession but my inocency and doe wholy relye upon 
yo^ Hon" Clemency, k Bowells of Comi)ation and mercy. 

A yo^ Hon'"* SuppMcant as in duty bound shall ever pray,&c. 



My Answere to the Articles drawne against me, w'^^ I doe 
in all humble and suhmissiue mxinner tender unto yor 
Hori^^ seriotis Considerac&n not to Justify my selfe but to 
shew yti'' Horf how farr I Indeauored for y^ preseruacon 
of this place. 
Imirimis, I Answer, That I did not know y® sliipps to bee 
Enemies before the 29^^ of July at fine o'clock in y« Euening, 
but aboute fine Moneths before heareing of an Enemys fifleete 
that was bound for Verginia, and from thence to tliis place ; 
Gouernor Louelace being then at M^ Pells at Anliookes Neck I 
imediately sent notice to him of the same who imediately came 
and seeing noe Enemy slited my care and said this is one of 
Manning's Larrums, wch news I thought would haue caused liim 
forthwith to prepare y^ ffort, and procure such necessaryes as 
would haue beene Conuenient and were wanting to w*'* stand 
an Enemy, He haueing rece'd into his Custody y« Contribucon 
money that was gatliered for that Intent. Notwithstanding tlie 
s^ newes the money soe receiued he did not make any preparacon 
in the ifort, onely sent for tlie Soldiers from Albany and other 
places, and upon the first of May mustered them and they did 
amoimt to neare 130 listed men. And upon the 29'^ of May 
did mak another muster and then w*ii Volunteers and Souldiers 
we did amount to 330 After w^h said muster the Gouernor dis- • 
chargeing some and dismissing others sent back all that came 
from Albany Avth Capt Salsbury and just before tie Enemyes 
©omeing heare takes his Jurney for Conetticot and leaues me in 
the ffort w'^ out any order to repaire the saine for to make de- 
fence against an Enemy ; But I heareing Newes of the shipps 
being upon the coaste did send notice w^^^ all expedicon to y« 
Gouernor at Connetticott and did to ye Eest of my Indeauor send 
out my Warrts for aide to come to y« ffort and likewise caused 
the drums to beate up for Vollunteers and of all those that before 
proffered their seruice but few came w«h was discom-agem' to tlie 
whole Garrison I likewise caused a Smith forthw^h to repaire 
100 fyrelooks ready upon the works for sucli aS should come in ; 


and sent out the Comesary M'^ Barker to fetch all sorts of pro- 
iiision w^'i was iu y^ Towne into tlie ifort for feare we should 
haue occasion for it, soe tliat haueing but eighteene howers time 
after I knew them to l>e an Enemy before they attackt us and 
being dismay^i at soe sudaine surprisall we were not capable to 
make more [defence] then [we did] I alsoe sent M"^ 
to go to the Luthern Dominie he 

it but could not. 

2'y. To the Second Ai'ticle I Auswere that the s^^ Gouernoi 
being Absent and the fibrt being soe Vncapable of defence I did 
in hopes of the Gouerni'^ Returne and the Couutrys Comeing in 
for my Better Assistance send on Board the s*^ Shipps M'" Tho 
Louelace M^' Sliarpe and M'" Carr to know upon w^ Ace* they 
came &o. Tliincking thereby to Stopp them one tide at Straton 
Iseland till further defence could be made against them, w^^ I 
did out of reall thought to delay their Comeing and not out of 
Treacherry ; And for my Innocency thereof I referr my selfe to 
their sayings that were sent wheatlier they thought or Knew I 
sent them upon any Treaclierons designe or noe. 

3'y. To the third Article I Answere that the s*^ Louelace 
Sharpe and Carr being aboard and not returned a shoare before 
the s^ Shipps did com to an Anckor I did not fyre tliincking it 
was not usuall wlien Ambassadors were on Board soe to doe ; 
But that I should Comand upon paine of Death noe man to fyre, 
that I cannot well remember. 

41 y. To the forth Article I answere that after the s<i 
Embassad''s were retm-'d and Ace* was giuen why they came, In 
hopes and w'^ an Intent to. haue the Aduice of the Maior and 
Aldermen I sent M"" Sliarpe a Board y^ second time to demand 
liberty till 10 o'clock tlie next day to give them an Answere 
thincking still to prolong the time in expectacon for y*^ Gouern>'s 
and the Countryes comeing in for Assistance during w^^ ^ime of 
his being a Board tliey did land their men w*^'^ was unknowne 
to me soe that Sharpe being upon a second Embassage caussed 
me not to fyre expecting theire Answere to be According to my 

5iy. To the fifth I answere that Vnderstanding the Enemy liad 
Landed near 800 Soldiers and M^ Lovelace and Carr glueing 


such an Acc^ tliat we were not able to w*'' stand soe greate forse 
I did by ye Instigacou of Capt Carr Concent that ye fflagg of 
truice should be put upp but not the Kings fflagg to be pulled 
downe. But M^ Carr w"K)ut my order or Concent struck the 
Kings fflagg to putt out the fflagg of truice. And I hope that 
vol" Honer & Coimcill will Consider in what Condicon the ffort 
was to w'^stand soe greate an Enemy Armed as they were w**^ 
Hand Granadoes ready for a Storme their being but about 70 or 
80 men in y- ffort and but fom-e Ladles and Spunges to all the 
Gunns in the ffort w^^^out any platformes or any other necessaryes 
fitt for defence. 

6'.^. To the Sixth Article I Answere that I did Neauer aske 
any Articles for my private Intrest Neither did I directly or 
Indirectly hold any Correspondence wti» the Enemy either by 
private Messeng^s or papers neither did I Treacherously cause 
the Gates to be Opened w^i^out Articles sent to be signd bud 
did send M^ Sharpe w'^ Articles that we should March out 
w*^ our Drums beating Cullers flying Bagg and Baggadge &c 
\Vlio brought Avord to the best of my Knowledge before the 
Gates were .opened, we should haue them Graunted wiiereupon 
the Gates were Opened but noe otherwise but in Consideration 
of the Articles being graunted and for w^ant of men to keepe it 
Longer against soe greate an Enemy as they were ; The truieth 
of all these my Answeres I referr my selfe to ye papers formerly 
Giuen in to ye^" HonJ" and Couiicell, hopein yow^ will make a 
fauorable Construction of what Errors I comitted it being for 
want of discrecon to manage it better & not out of any Intention 
of Treacher}' to Defraud his Mat>e j^ig Royall Higlmess or any 
of their Subjects, of any of their Right or Interest in y« leaste 


To the Ptight IIon''''e the Gouernof and Councell, Sheweth 
unto yor Hon^ that before tlie Enemies ffleete [came] hesrewe 
had Intelligence by one who was a pnior Capt" Deiiincoiirt and 
one M^ Hopkins gaue mformacon that tlieir was a tlleete 


of Sliipps comeing from the West Indies intending to make Spoile 
at Verginia and — thence to New Yorke as they was certainely 
iiiformed aboard the said Capt' Shippe at that Instant Coll. 
Louela.ce was at M^ Pells to whome imediately an express was 
sent & his Hon^ returned the day following [and with all] 
expedicon sent a dispatch to Capt" Salisbury and men from 
Albany and alsoe Issued out a Warr* to Cap^ Chambers of Sopus 
for 20 Men who was Ordered to returne soone after their comeing 
and likewise 9 men and a CorporaU came from Delia ware w^h 
completed 130 Men of Officers and Soldiers in the Muster [roll] 
(in the pt of May 1673) and upon the 29th of [May] w«i 
VoUunteers that came out of the Country promised to be ready 
upon all occasions [to the] number of 300 or their aboutes. 
Soone after the Garrison soe decreased some being discharged 
[some] dismist and in July Cap^ Salsburyand [his men] by order 
returned to All^any Then the whole [number] was reduced to 
15 or 16 w*fa a Sergeant to every & of that Number 

their was 12 Effectiue Souldiers [with] the Gouernor and absent 
upon ye approach of y*' Enemie (in Soldiers besides Officers 
there was not aboue 50 And not one halfe of them [euer had] 
their heads ouer the Workes Avliile we [were there] They stiU 
crying out wheres the Country [people] What shall we do for 
mem & at the Losse of the s^ ffort it was soe plim-dered that if 
M"" Munueale had not Supplied him wth Shirts he had none to 
his back. When his wife heard we Avere to be carried as 
prisnors she preferred a Petic^on to the Admirall for some fcAv 
nscessaryes w^h was graunted [as by] the s^ Peticon appeareth 
at w<^^ time our Creditors applied themselves to y® Admiralls 
[stating that] tlie s"^ Cap* was Indebted to them whereupon he 
Commanded an Inuentory of w* Estate he left and it amounted 
unto 15413 Gilders and the Debts to not aboue 5000 lb. or 
their aboutes besides 100 lbs josst in the ffort; Besides the 
Totall Ruin of ye Reall ffortunc he left behLnde and after 4 
Monetlis Imprisonm* one board tlieir Shipps of himself and 
family and Souldiers he was put a shore at Viall where necessity 
inforst him to sell y« necessaryes he had to lay in Wine for ye 
Securyty of and in our way for England it pleased God to take 
away liis Wife w^h was liis onely ComfuTt [in this world] after 


mj arriuall in England w^^ all speed I went to his RojalJ 
Highness and calls God to Witness [thatj it was his clear 
Concience that Carried him before liis Ma* e and his Royall 
Highness [for if j he had either the thouglits of Vnfaithfullnesse 
Treacheny or Cowerdise he neauc dui'st haue presumed to 
haue come in the p^'sence of [Ms Ma*'^] or Royall Highness 
mucli less dare haue [ventured] to haue paid 30 or 40 1^ for his 
passage he felt not any Guilt in y« least upon him all w<^^ he 
[wishes] to Make appeare to yo^ Hono^". & Comicell. 


3UTH OF JULY, 1673. 

Coronell Frances Louelace Gouernor of New Yorke haueing 
Vrgent occasions to John Wintrupt Esq"" Gouernor of Connecticut 
and had not beene absent but eiglit dales, but upon Munday 
July ye 28'*^ at 5 a clock at niglit we rece'd an Alaram that tliere 
was a ileet of Ships upon y<^ Coasts under saile Standing for new 
York ; Wee dispatcht an Express w^^ Letters to his Hour w^ 
word to i>ress horses and to make all expedicon night and day 
[till he] came to him to acquaint him with it. 

A warr^ with a Letter was likewise sent to Lieut: W^illit [& 
Corronett Doughty] to draw up theire truipe to Vtrecht and thu 
Coaste to mak discouery or giue resistance as occasion should 
require & and to send down an officer to ye fferry to attend 
further Orders. 

Stoffolo was alsoe se-nt out w*^ a Boate to discouer their Cullors 
and the number of their ffleet and he brought us nuse of 2 ships 
but could not disc-ouer their Cullors about 2 a clock y^" 29t'' of 

Alsoe their was Warrants and Letters to acquaint them of the 
Alaram and to send us in w* foi-ce they could out of their com 
panics to strengthen y® Garrison. 
To Capt. Coe of Newtowne 
To Capt Lawrence of fflushing 


To Capt Pauton of Westchester 
To Cai3t Seamons of Hempstead 
To Capt Carpender of Jamaica 

Noe force comeing from s' Captains according to the tenor of 
tlie s<'.Warrt^ and the ifleete of the Enemie apeard in y^ Bay at 
3 a clock in y® Afternoone the 29^*^ of July other Warr^s -^^-^s 
directed and sent by M"" W"" Osborne to the s^ Captains upon 
pahie of death to march w^^ their Ciillors and Companies w^^ 
they wholly neglected and Slited And Immediately sent y« 
Serjauts with drums and beete up for Volenteires in New York but 
uerry few appeared and then spictup ye Guns at ye Staitliowse. 

A Vv'arrant to M'' Barker to Seize on all Bread flour and all 
prouisions w^'^ w^as accordingly putt in Execucon when the 
illcL't was come under Staten Island & Ancored in sight of y* 
lYort I myselfe Ordered y^ Sheriife to bring all y«= Ladors of ye 
Town into y*^ fifort W^^^ he alsoe neglected & kept them for ye 

July 30th Iq hopes of ye Governors Returne and ye Countryes 
Coineing and that they miglit haue stopt a Tide when they were 
at Anchor Capt. Carr Tho Louelace Esq k M' John Sharp went 
on Board to Demand w^hy they came in such a hostile manner to 
disturb his Majistyes subjects in this place who in y® way met a 
Boate tliat brought this summons each Boate notw^^standing 
keepeiug on tlieir way y^ one to ye ffleete ye other to ye ifort. 

The Summons sent us was as ffolloweth 

Tlie force of Warr now lying in yo Sight are sent out by the 
Hlgi! and Miglity States and liis serene Highness tlie Prince of 
Orange for to destroy tlieir Eneniies: "Wee haue sent you tlierefore 
f'.is our Letter together with our Trumpeter to ye end tliat you 
upon sight hereof Doe Surrender unto us ye ifort called Jame5 
promlseing good Quarter — or by refusall wee shall be ol^liged 
immediately to proceed both by water and Land in such maner 
tis we shall finde to be most aduantagcous for the High and 
Mighty States. Dated in y^' ship Swanenburgh Anckored betwixt 
Shiten and Long Hand New York ye OO^h of August 1()73 



Answere by y^ same Trumps" 

I haue rece'd by yC Trumpeter a Summons for Smrender of 
tliis Jiis Ma*'^^ Garrison of jffort James w^' are sent (as you alleage) 
from tlielligb k miglity Stated Generallof y® Vuiglited Prouinces 
and his Serene Higlniess tlie Prince of Orrange, But their are sume 
Gentlemen w^-^' you from hence to know wljy sucli a ffleeteof Shipps 
should come here to disturb his Ma^'^s Subjects in these his Royal 
Highnesses Territoryes I therfore [give you this] answere that 
upon returne of those Gent" who are w^ii yo'" Lordshipps I shall 
send you a possitiue Answere [eitlier] of tlie Surrendering of 
this Ills Mamies Garrison or nott. Given at ffort James in New- 
York this 30th July, 1673. 

John Manning. 

Whereupon they gaue us halfe an bower's time After our men 
were Landed for our finall Answere. 

They being Anckored under ye ffort and the halfe hower 
Expired I sent this second Answere — 

For ye preseruation of tlie Burgers of tiiis Citty whome we 
haue promised to protect we desire you to forbeare any Hostillity 
untill tomorrow at 10 a clock at w^'' time we shall by the advice 
of the Mayor and Aldermen send you our Articles of Resolution 
thereupon Dated at New York this 30^1' of July 1G73. 

Upon tliis Letter they returned M^ Sharp w^^ this Answere 
That they would giue us halfe an bower's time longer and noe 
more an accordingly they tiu^ned up the Glass. 

The time being neare expired beibre M^ Sliarpe returned 
they [turned] 10 Gunns to theLeward and immediately began to 
make y^ same [to bear] upon y^ ffort and when they had f}Ted 
2000 greate Shott [from out] y*^ boutes upon us and Killed and 
Wounded us some Men, they then Landed about COO men and 
upward w^h had granadoes w^^ all materials ready for a storme 
& then we findeing their power to greate for us they advanceing 
wee beete a Parley and putt out a fflagg of truiceyettthey fyred i 
many Gunns Afterward notliwithstanding we sent out Capt Carr 
Tho. Louelace Esq"^ M^ Gibbs to meet them to make y« Best 


Condicons they could for us who findeing them all drawne upp 
and theire forlorne Marcliing they tould them they were all 
prisnors at Warr and that if they had anything to say they 
must speak it Quickly. 

After some little Discourse, Capt John Carr of Dellawayre 
went to ye ffort tlie rest remaining prisnors under Standard to 
acquaint the Garrison they were all prisnors at Warr and they 
should returne an Answere within a Quarter of an hower w<=h 
he promised upon y® word & Hon^ of a Gentleman and gaue his 
Hand upon it but he neauer came neare the Garrison and has 
not been seen since. 

The quarter of an hower being Expired they sent a Trumpeter 
to know why Capt Carr did not returne w^h our Answere, Captain 
Manning and Cap* Louelace replied that Capt Carr had not been . 
their and that we had Gent" w*^ them to make Condicons [to this] 
Answer when the Trumpeter returned to them [they] replied 
tliis is the third time thej liaue played the fool with us — March 
on and giue the English noe Quarter — this the Gentlemen 
informed us that was then prisnors under the Standard. 

They aduanceing nearer y" ifort they espyed M^ Sliarpe coming 
towai'ds them with a paper in his hand wherewith [upon] a Halt 
he brought to them 2 Articles. 

1 . That all the Officers and Souldiers in ffort James should 
march out w^^^ q^^^. Amies, Drumes Beating, Cullers flying Bagg 
and Baggage without Hindrance or Molestacon 

2. That tlie ffort with the Millitary Armes and AmimicxDn be 
deUvered to y^ Dutch Generall or any other officer 

I John Sharp being sent out by our Deputy Gouernor Capt. 
John Manning ye 30*^ of July about 7 a clock in ye with 

the aboues<^ Articles Read them in Dutch to Coll. Caluert and ye 
other Commanders marcliing with him in ye Broadway and 
towards tlie ffort where I fjund M^" Louelace and M*" [Gibbs] 
in ye head of ye Regm^s. 

The s^i Coll. Caluert took the s^ Articles & after some 
Capulacons he putt them in his pockett and ingaged his hand on 
his Brest that upon ye word and Hon^ of a Gentleman they 
should be puncktually p'formed but p'fideously breaking his 
faith and his word. 


When we hatl Marclit out of the ffort w"^ Drums beeteinge k 
our Armes Groimded contrary to their faith and their Hon^ they 
put a Guard upon and made us prisnors in y^ Church and fell 
phmcMng of all the Bagg and Baggage and ye next morneing 
put us on Board seuerall of their Shipps of Warr and soe carried 
us some to XewfouiicUaud and y^ Portingiiail Hands where they 
Inliumanly left us and some to Cales w«=^ we have not heard 
from as yett 

When ther ffleete was cometh in Sandioock several of yo 
Dutch went on Board them from Vtrecht and fflatbush upon 
Long Hand and Informed them of the absence of oui- Gouernor 
and Vi^eekness of our Garrison and ye number of our men and 
ingaged that if they would attack tkat they would be hangd up 
if they would not win ye place. 

The Dutch in y^ Towne being ah armed Incoui-aged them to 
a Storme and while they Stormed ingaged that we should not 
look ouer our Workes & tliey were about 400 Armed men. 

The Condicon of the Garrison their was but 4 Spunges Earners 
for all the Gunns of the flfort the platformes and Cairiges was 
alsoe Badd either the Carriges Broake or they could not bring 
them to pass againe their was neither Bedd Spade Hanspike or 
other material to help to defend us 

[There was] 4 Bastions 10 Gunns upon euery Bastion 4 Curtains 
each Curtaine near 80 paces long and we had but between 70 
and 80 men to help to maintaine ye whole ground 



Wee wliose names are under written are ready to mak oath yt 
when the dvsh floet cam to New York we had in the ffurt Jeams 
bvt fovr spvnges & Ramers [that of all] the Gvns in the iFort 
we covid [not getj bvt sixe to beare vpon the [Enuemy when] 
they were fired for want of [platforms] all the men vpon the 
bastian covld not bring them to beare Againe or else the Carridoe 


brooke and their was neitlicr Eed nor Koyn plank spad Hand 
spick or any material! to help to defend vs And Captain Carre 
never retvrned to [tell] vs we wer prisoners at ware when Carre 
Lovlas and Gibs v. er then prisnors under their Standard when 
three were sent to mak Articles for vs 

Patrick Dowdall > 

JohnftzGeralt ^ Sarge^nts 

Ben:Comly ) 

Tho«. Bassett ) 4-David Thomas 

Cantwell -j-Joseph Stanton 

Copstaffe Thomas Guinne 

+Lewis CoUens 4-^^*1''^^ Stocker 

+John Wattkens + William Hatter 

-f Perry 4-John Taylor 

j- Braj^day John Wassingale 

Peter Good Edward Suter 

Tho: Cheeseman Niclos Paine 
Robert Gardner. 


You are hereby required in his Maties name immediately 
vppon receipt hereof for to di-aw your troops togeather and 
repaire towards Vtrecht or Grauesend to observe the motion of 
the Enemy and make all the discouery or resistance you camie, 
and send an officer downe hether to receiue such orders as shall 
bee thought necessary, Hereof ye must not faile as you will 
aimswer the contrary att your Vttermost perrill: Given vnder 
my hand this 28*^ Day of July 1673 past: 11: of the clock att 

John Manning. 
To Lieutenant Tho WiUet or to Corronett 

Doughty or to Either of them 


New York this 28th of July 1673 at 
halfe an hovver past lU at night 

To Lieute' Willett 

In the absence of the Gouernor and Your Capt haueinge 
received recent intelligence of 10 Saile of Shipps ariued within 
Sandy Hooke, I haue thought proper to accquaint that you 
forthwith bring your troope together, and that to night you faile 
not to sende down an olficer (to the flferry] to receive farther 
orders and in the mean time you will do good Seruice to God, 
yo^ King and your Countrey and 

Your humble Seruant 

John Manning. 

New Y ORK this r 29th : of July 1673. 
Cornett Doughty 

Yours I haue receiued by M"" Whitehead & returne you 
thanks for vom- readines in the Execution of the warrant to 

I could heartily wish you doe not [spend] time too longe least 
the Enemie take [advantage] thereby, as for those persones that 
refuse I wish not but you will make a seuere returne. I [wish] 
that for wee may know our friendes from our Enemies fifor 
powder such wee haue you may count on as likewise Musketts, 
bulletts to bee runned into bulletts : as to newes our boate is 
returned with the discouery of 21 : saile greate & small their 
coulers apeared to be blew* & a white 

Thus leaning you to the protection of God I remaine as ever 
Yours to serue your 

John Manning 
AU Subordinate Men 

as flfor yo"" orders you are to observe yo'" Warr^^ 

Vol. ni. 



Sir My humble sarvis presented to Your Worship in the 
leftenantes [absence] I reseved your Warrant to geth the troope 
togethar and to Mai'ch towards Gravesend or Vtrick the 
lif'fcenante is absent NitJier a muskitt neare to asist me 

yet in obedience to yovur Wharant I have sent to al] the trbapers 
and the [surjant] vppon resayt and siglit liereof to repire with 
theyr hors and arms to Jamaco vppon thayr perell not to fail to 
be redy to etent thayr at command I have sent host a whay to 
tiie Liftenant according to yovui" [order] I have sent one ofovur 
troapers Daniell Whithed in obedience to your command to 
wliait on yor for further ordar soe I humble desier your 
worship to send hvs povdar and [shott] for whee are vnprovided 
and vnable to defend ovur selves if whe should meet with an 
enemy Nothing els bvt my prayers to the Lord to give yov 
wisdom and a valiant [arm] to Maneg and defend his Ma^'^^s 
interest and ovur ovne lives from the enimy that shall upose 

Jemaca tliis 29'h of July 1673. 

vr moyst 
Humbl Sarvint to 
Command to death 

Elias Doughty 


Capt. Carpenter 

You are required in his Ma^'cs name immediately upon sight 
liereof to drav/ up yo"" Company of fifuzileers together by beete 
of Drumme and rill such volunteers as are willing to serue liis 
Ma^'e that you cause fo]-thwith to repaire w'h their Armes to tliis 
Garrison where they shal be straightway entertained and haue 
due sattisfaccon made them for their paines. And for soe doeing 


this shall be yo'" Warrt, Hereof you are not to faile at yo'" Perill 
& as you tender y^ welfare of liis Mat'<^s Seruice, Dated at flbrt 
James in New York, July the 29ti> 1673. 
To Capt John Carpenter at 

Jamaica upon Long Island 

or Samuel Riscoe his Ensigne. 

Whereas their was last niglit Warr'^ sent for the respective 
Capt^ and officers of y^ ffoote Companyes upon Long Island re- 
quireing them for his Ma^i^s Seruice to draw up their seueraU 
companyes by Beate of Drum upon sight of the s' Warr'^ ye 
Cuntry being then allarm'd of an Enemy at Sand-Hooke and 
Whereas the si^ Compan} es did not yett come heather according 
as it was expected and y^ Enemielyeing now in sight of y^ ilbrt, 
These are to impower and require that as you tender y^ Wellare 
of his Mati'^s Seruice and tiie safety of his Subjects you forthwith 
upon reception hereof repaire to y^ Townes of Jamaica and 
Hempstead k giue charge to ye Capt'-i & ofl&cers of the fifoot Com- 
panyes their, to betake themselues in all speede to this Garrison 
with their Companyes. Wee [Expect] each howre'to be attaqut 
by y« Enemy, [See] that you send ye hke Warning to the Townes 
of Flushing and Newtowne [for the ] Dueing whereof t!iis shall 
be yo'' Warrt Dated at New York this 29ii' day of July 1G73 at 
nine o'clock at night. 

To M^" W'n Osborne 


Worshippfull S"^ Yours we Receiued by M'"- Osburn upon 
w'Ch the Towne ar much Amaz^' and Trubled that they should 
be totally destitute of men : yet notwithstanding oihsers haue 
don tliere utermoste In Obedience to yo^ Comand They haue 
Requird all tliere souldiers [to be in readiness] expecting the 
Coming of the other townes according to yo^ Worships order 


but we make bould to Inlbrme you The Towne is altogether 
destitute of powder and shott whereby the conceiue themselves 
very vncapable [to proceed] without Eminent danger but we 
' shall do our [best] sir this destracted time so far as our power 
and [capability] will Reach : We haue sent two messengers on 
purpose to bring vs farther Intelligence There are thretening 
sp[eeches] newly proseeded from the Dutch Amongst us wherby 
we conceiue ourselfes in great danger : When the Towne is 
[left exposed] by the Absence of all the men We rest your 

Seruants Sam Ruscoe 

Joseph Chirston. 
Jamaica this dO^^ 
July 1673. 




®l)e 0taU of Edigion 



ANNO 1657. 

Reverend, Pious, Learned Sirs, Fathers & Brothers in Ch'ro Jesu. 

Your Reverences' letters, the one of the 13th June 1656 and 
the other of the 15th Feby of this year, readied us in safety, 
and we have seen thereby with special gratification, the fatherly 
affection and care whicli your Rev : evince for the prosperity 
of this early growing Congregation. We have equally perceived 
therefrom the trouble taken by your Rev. & by the Hon""'* Lords 
Majores to prevent the injuries which threaten this community 
by the encroachments of the heretical spirits ; and likewise your 
Rev. desire to be made acquainted with the Condition of the 
Churches in tliis country. 

In tlie harvest of the year 1656 we answered and wrote to you 
more fully on this subject, but having received no acknowledg- 
ment of that letter we doubt if it reached your hands, wherefore 
tills will serve the same purpose. 

Last year the Lutherans gave out here that they had the 
consent of the Lords Majors or Directors to call a Lutheran 
Parson from Holland. They therefore petitioned the Hon''ie 
Director and Council for permission to hold in the meantime 
their conventicles thus to prepare the w^ay for their expected and 
coming minister. Though they began to urge on so stoutly Ave, 
nevertheless, (being animated and clieered by your letters) lioped 
for the best though dreading the worst whicli even now has ai-ri ved ; 
For though we could not anticipate that the Noble Lords Majors 
could have given any consent, yet it notwit!] standing came to 
pass that a Lutlieran Preacher, named Joannes Ernestus Gqetwatp-y 


arrived in tlie SI dp the Mill, to the great joy of the Luther i iS 
aiid especial discontent and disappointment of the congregation 
of this place j yea of the whole land even of the Enghsh. We, 
therefore, went to the Honi^ie Director General & the Burgomasters 
& Sc lepens of this city and presented the accompanying petition. 
WJ'.ereupon it followed that they cited the Lutheran Parson 
before their Honors ; demanded of him with what intention he 
was come here, and what he had as a commission and credentials. 
He answered, that he had come to be Lutheran Preacher 
here, but he had no other commission than a letter from the 
Lutheran consistory at Amsterdam to tlie Lutheran congregation 
nere. Whereupon he was informed by the Hon^ie Authorities 
here that he should abstain from all church service or from 
holding any meeting, and not to deliver the letter from the 
Lutherans at Amsterdam which he had brought with him, without 
further order ; regulating himself in the meantime according 
to tlie Placards of this Province enacted against private conven- 
ticles, which he promised to do ; but he was expecting further 
order and commission by the first ships. In the meanwhile, we 
already have the snake in our bosom. We would liave been 
glad t'lat the Lords Regent had opened the letter of the Luthe- 
ran consistory in order to ascertain from it the secret of the 
mission. But they h.ave as yet been unwilling to do this. We 
demanded also that t'le Noble Lords Regent should send the 
Lutiieran Miiiister back in the same ship in wliich he arrived 
inasmuch as lie came liitlier witiiout tlie consent of tlie Noble 
Directors, in order to put a stop to their work wliich they seem 
to intend to push forward with a hard Lutheran pate in despite 
and opposition of tlie Regents ; for we suspect tliat he came to 
see if he will be permitted and suffered here, and to found other 
progress thereupon. But we know not what we shall accomplish 
lie rein. 

Last year Dominie Gideon Schaats wrote to your Reverences 
concerning the congregation in Renselaers and BeverWyck, as 
he also sliall again do. The condition of the congregation there 
is most favorable ; it grows stronger apace so as to be almost as 
strong as we are here at Manhatan. They built last year a 
handsome preaching house. 


On the south River it has been hither tcf very poorly, as regards 
Rehgion and the Church. P' Because we liad there but one 
little fort, and therein but one commissary witli 10 or 12 men in 
the Companys service, merely for the purpose of carry on some 
trade with the Indians. 2'^'iy In the year 1651 the fort, called 
Nassouw was abandoned and razed, and another named Casimir 
erected somewhat lower and more toward the Sea, and somewliat 
better garrisoned, and strengthened by divers freemen who 
commenced a village. 

But t!ie Swedes increasing in numbers troubled & oppressed 
our people daily, and after they had taken Fort Casimir froKi us, 
tliey harrassed & vexed our nation so sorely that the South river 
was at once abandoned. But our people retook that F(jrt Casimir 
again in the year 1655. It was provided with a riglit strung 
garrison of our people and contained divers free people there 
with dwellings. So one was appointed who should read every 
Sunday something out of the Apostiles, which lias as yet been 
continued, and the Lutheran Minister who was here was sent 
to Sweden. 

Two miles from fort Casimir up the river, stands another fort, 
named Christina which was also taken at the same time b} our 
People, & the Preacher, together with the Swedisli garrison, was 
sent away. 

But as many Swedes and Finns to the number at least of vOO 
were dwelling two or three miles up the river above Fort 
Clirlsrina, the Swedish governor insisted in the Capitulation t? 
one Lut'ieran minister should be retained to instruct the })eople 
in their own tongue. This their request was too easil} grai.tvd 
1^' because trouble had broken out at Manhatau v>lt ; ciie 
Indians, and men required quick despatch, and to lia^t u '^ack 
to tlie Manhattans to repair matters tliere. 2"^ Because v^e had 
no ref trmed Preacher to establish there or who underst; ^ d th.eir 

Now this Lutheran Parson isamanof agodlessjuid s-. . ;!■ us 
life, a rolling rollicking unseemly carl, who is m >re II- .> .' to 
look into the wine-can than to pore over the bible, ai.o m u!d 
rather drink a kan of brandy for two hours than [ leach < iie. and 
when tlie sap is in the wood then his hands itch and he bredmes 


excessively inclined t6 figlit wliomsoever he meets. The 
commandant at fort Casinir, named Jan Paulussen Jacquet, brother 
in law of D^ Casparo Carpentier, told us that it happened in 
the Spring that this Parson was tippling witli a smith and being 
full of brandy they came to fisticuiis and beat each others lieads 
black and blue ; yea, that the smith tore all tlie clothes from 
the Dominies back so that the good Dominie had to withdraw 
privately and suddenly and become somewhat recovered before 
any of liis flock liad sought explanation the one from the other. 
Sed hoc parergiccos. 

On Long Island are 7 Villages belonging to our province of 
which 3 namely Breuckelen, Midwout and Amerfort are settled 
by Dutcli who heretoforj used to hold communion with us and 
withfjame great diihculty to preaching here. It was some tliree 
liours work for som^ of t'.iem ere they could come liere. Where- 
fore wlien De Pol ;i emus arrived here from Brasils, they requested 
that he might be appointed their preacher wliich was granted 
by the Plon'^i*' Director General k Council. 

The four other villages on Long Island viz : Gravesend Mid 
delburgh Vlissingen & Heerastede were established by the English. 
Those of Gravesend are reported Mennonists ; yea, they, for the 
most part, reject Infant Baptism, the Sabbatli, the office of 
Preacher, and the Teachers of God's word, saying that tlirough 
these have come all sorts of contention into the world. Wlien- 
ever they meet together the one or tlie otlier reads sometliing 
for them. At Flushing tiiey heretofore had a Presbyterian 
Preacher who conformed to our church, but many of tliem 
became endowed witli divers opinions and it was with them quot 
homines tot sententia. They absented themselves from preaching, 
nor would they pay the Preaclier his promised stipend. The 
said preaciier was obliged to leave the place and to repair to the 
English Virginias. Now they have been some years without a 
minister. Last year a fomentor of error came there. He was a 
cobbler from Rhode Island in New England & stated that he 
was commissioned by Christ. He began to preach at Flushing 
and then went with tlie people into the river and dipped tliem. 
This becoming known here, the Fiscaal proceeded tliither and 
brought him along. He was banished the province. 


At Middleburgh, called alias, Newtown tliey aj-e mostly Inde- 
pendants, and have a man of tlie same persuasion t'.iere named 
Johannes Moor, who preaches there well, but administers no 
sacraments, because (as lie says) he was permitted in New 
England to preach but not authorized to administer sacraments, 
and he has thus continued now for many years. In this village 
are also many other Inhabitants, presbyterians, but they are not 
able to maintain a Presbyterian Preacher, whilst we know not 
that any of this sect are to be found among the Englisli in 
NEngi'J, among whom there are preachers. 

At Heemstede, about 7 Dutc'.i miles from here tliere are some 
Independants ; also many of our persuasion and Presbyteri'ins 
They have also a Presbyterian Preacher named Eichard Denton, 
an honest, pious a'ud learned man. He hath in all things con- 
formed to our Churcli. Tlie Independants of the place listen 
attentively to his preaching, but when he began to baptise the 
children of such parents as are not members of the church, they 
sometimes bui'st out of the Church. 

On the West side of the East river about one mile through 
Hellgate (as we call it) opposite Flushing on tlie main another 
English village has been begun over two years. It was named 
Oostdorp. The Inhabitants of this place are also Puritans a/ww 
Independants. They also have no Preaciier. They liold Sunday 
meetings reading from an Englisli book a sermon and making a 
prayer. ' 

About 18 miles up the Nortli liiver, lialfvvay between the 
Manhattans & Renselaer or Beverv»'yck lies a place called by the 
Dutcli Esopus or Sypous ; by tlie Indians Aikarkarton. It is an 
exceedingly beautiful Land. There some Dutch Inhabitants 
have settled themselves, and prosper" especially v^^ell. They 
hold Sunday meetings and then one among them reads something 
out for a postille. 

So it stands in this our province with churches. It is to be 
added that (to our Knowledge) not one of all these places, 
whether Dutch or Englisli villages, hath a schoolmaster, except 
the Manhattans, Beverwyck & now one also at Fort Casimir on 
the south River ; and though some parents w^ould give their 
children some Instruction, yet theyiexperience much difficulty, 


and nothing else is to be expected tlian a ruined youth and a 
bewilderment of men's minds. Scarcely any means can be seen 
to remedy this evil : — 1 . because some villages are only in their 
first Establlslimeut, and wliilst people come naked & poor from 
Holland tliey have not means to provide a minister & 
sclioolraaster. 2. because there are few qualified persons in tliis 
country wlio can or will teach. 

Of the conversion of the Heathens or Indians here, we can 
say but little, nor do we see any means thereunto until by the 
numbers and power of our nation they are subdued and brought 
under some policy and our people shew them a better example 
than they have hitherto done. 

We have had one Indian here with us full two years, so that 
he could read and write good Dutch ; we instructed him in the 
grounds of Religion ; he also answered publicly in the cliurch, 
& repeated the prayers. We likewise presented him with a 
Bible in order to work through Mm some good among the Indians. 
But it all 1- suited in nothing. He has taken to drinking of 
Brandy; ;k' pawned the bible and became a real beast who is 
doing more 'larm than good among the Indians. 

In conclusion we commend your Rev : to the merciful pro- 
tection of the Almiglity, whom we pray to be pleased to bless 
your Rev : in th.e Holy ministry. 

At Amsterdam in N. Netherland. 

Vestii et olMcio et aifectu the 5 August 1657. 


Samuel Drisius. 

,», The above letter was atldres^ed to the Ciassis of Amsterdam, and is 
translated from the Original, politely communicated as well as tliat of the 
following, by the Rev. Dr. DeWitt of New-York. 


Amsterdam, on tlie Manhattans 4 October 1G60. 
[Extract.] When we arrived in N. Netherland we repaired 
forthwith to the Manhattans ; but the negotiations for peace at 


the Esopus where we were, and the piil)lic interests necessarily 
retarded our progress thus long. We preached meanwhile, 
here, and at the Esopus and Fort Orange ; during our stay were 
provided witli board & Lodging. Esopus needs more people : 
but Breuckelen more wealtli ; wherefore I officiate Sunday 
afternoons at the General's bouwerye at the Noble General's 
private expence. Througli tlie worshipful Mess'^ Nicasius 
de Sdle Fiscal, and Martin Cregiers Burgomaster the induction 
(or call) in Breuckelen occurred with the Honble General's open 
commission. Whereupon I was suitably received by the Magis- 
trate and consistory, and D® Polliemus was forthwith discharged. 
We do not preach in any church but in a barn (Korenschuur) 
and shall God willing erect a church in the winter by the 
cooperation of the people. The congregation is passable. The 
attendance is augmented from Middelwout, New Amersfort, & 
frequently Gravesande, but most from tlie Manhattans. To 
Breuckelen appertains also the Ferry, tlie Walebocht and 
Gujanus. The Breuklen Ferry is about 2000 paces but tlie River 
or the Manhattans is 4000 feet from tlie Breukelen Ferry. I 
found at Brooklyn 1 Elder ; 2 Deacons ; 24 members ; 31 
Householders (Huysgesins) and 134 persons. The consistory 
(Kerkenraed) will remain provisionally as it is. More material 
will be obtained tlirough time and a better knowledge of the 
community. There can be no Catechising before the winter, 
but tliis sliall be introduced eitlier on week days or when there 
is no preaching at tlie Bowery. Christmas, Easter, Whitsuntide 
& September will be most suitable for the Lords Supper, as 

Thanksgiving is observed on these festivals There 

is preaching in the morning at Breuckelen but, towards the 
qpnclusion of tlie Catechismal exercises of New Amsterdam, at 
the Bouwery which is a continuation and the place of recreation 
of the Manhattans, where people also come from the city to 
Evening Service. In addition to the household there are over forty 
negroes whose location is the Negro quarter. There is no 
consistory here, but the deacons of New Amsterdam provisionally 
receive the ahns offerings, and there are to be neither elders nor 
deacons there. Besides me there are in New Netherland DD 
Joannes Megapolensis and Samuel Drisius in New Amsterdam; 


D. Gideon Scliaets at Fort Orange ; D. Joannes Polemius at 
Middelwout and N. Amersfort & Hermanns Blom at the Esopus 


Mr. John M. Shea, S. J. has had the politeness to furnish the 
Editor with tlie following particulars. 

College Sie Marie, 
Montreal, June, 26 1850. 
My dear sir: 

Reading over your Documentary History the other day, I fell 
upon the letters of Eongan to the government at home, wliicli I 
had never had time to examine at Albany. These would shew 
that the offers of Dongan to the Caughnawagas were sincere, and 
tliat he really designed to give them English Jesuits as their 
missionavics if tliey would remove into the English territory 
near Saiafoga. Eut a still stronger proof is to be found in the 
Roman C;italogue of the Society of Jesus, by which it appears 
that Fat'iicr Thomas Harvey, S. J. a native of London was in 
New York from 1683 to 1G90, and subsequently in 1C96, the 
interval being spent in Maryland wdiere he died in 1719 .Etat. 
84. Fatlier Henry Harrison, S. J. was in N. York in 1685 and 
returned to Ireland in 1690, and in Maryland 'm 1697.' Father 
Charles Gage, S. J. was also employed there in 1686 and 7. It 
is very possible tliat these two last named may have been sent 
for by Dongan to carry out his promise, and that one of them 
may have opened the very suspicious Latin school, which Smith 
surmises was kept by a Jesuit. 


A late English work, " Collections towards illustrating the 
biography of tlie Scotch, English and Irish members of the Society 
of Jesus, by the Rev^ Dr Oliver; London, Dolman 18-45," has 
the following on these :---Harvey, Thomas ; Younger brother of 

1 The catalogue sa5-s,— <'16",S5. In missione ad Nov: Eboracum sunt duo 
saccnlotes, Vivunt ex puris elecmosynis et sunt P. Harvosus et P. II. Harriso- 


John H. I believe, born in London 1635, at the age of 20 joined 
the society after wliich he escapes my observation. 

" Harrison, Henry ; all that I can collect of him is, that he 
died in 1701,cet49. Soc. 28. 

"Gage Charles ; half brother, I suspect,* to Sir Henry Gage 
the brave commcUider at Oxford. That lie was stationed at 
Nurwich in the reign of James H. is certain, for we read in tlie 
annual letters whicli report the State of Religion antecedent to 
the revolution, 'At Norwich the Capital of Norfolk was a very 
celebrated cliapel wliere F. Charles Gage excited a wonderful 
sensation by his sermons, and laboured so zealously in that 
Vineyard that the faithful unanimously addressed a letter of 
thanks to the Father Provincal for having provided them with 
such a distinguished preacher*' " 


[Hawks' Church Rec] 

In this Province are ten Counties. First New York, in whicli 
tiiere is an English Church, called and known by tJie name of 
Trinity church, already built, and the steeple raised to a consi- 
derable iieight by the voluntary contributions of several persons, 
a full account v/hereof has been given in a- former sclieme to 
my Lord of London. The JRector of this Church is maintained 
by a tax levied upon all the Inliabitants of the city, amounting 

*If this suspicion be correct, he is also brother to the apostate Thos. Gage, 
the author of the New Surve)' of the West Indies, a curious book much pillaged 
by niodern travellers. He was a friar, but fell so low as to become priest taker, 
and even betrayed the illustrious Father Peter Wright, S. J. while the latter 
was chaplain in his brother's house. Oliveh, Verbn, "Wright." Various 
Eililions of the " New Survey of the West Intiies" above mentioned will be 
found in the State Lib : Albany ; also in the collection of Harvard College, 


to X160, one hundred whereof is entailed forever upon the 
Incumbent for the time being, and Sixty pound is added by the 
iniiuence of his Excellency the Governor and an Act of the 
General Assembly, during the life and residence of the present 
incumbent, M^ William Vesey. 

And for his further encouragement, his Excellency, out of his 
great goodness, hath ordered in council, twenty six pound per 
annum to be paid out of the Revenue for the Rent of the house 
of the said Incumbent. 

His Excellency hath also, by a law, incorporated the Rector 
and all the Inhabitants of this City of New York, that are in 
communion with the church of England, as by law established, 
by wliich they and their successors are vested with sundry rights 
and privileges ; particularly the said law hath enacted, that the 
patronage and advowson of the said church, and right of presen- 
tation, after the death of the present Incumbent, or upon the 
next avoidance, shall forever thereafter belong and appertain to 
the church wardens and Vestry men of the said church, in 
communion with tlie church of England, which before was in 
the Vestry chosen by all the Inhabitants of the said city. This 
privilege establishes the church upon a sure and lasting 


The Right Honourable & Right Rev^ Father in God, the Lord 
Bishop of London hath given a bell to said cluu-ch, value <£60. 

His excellency has also very liberally contributed to the said 
church, and besides used his interest to promote the same. 

A sum of about three hundred pounds formerly collected in 
the Province of New York for the Redemption of some captives 
in Algiers. In a Brief for collecting the said sura it is provided 
that in case the Redemption or Death of the said captives shall 
happen before the arrival of the said sum in Holland, that then 
it shall be disposed of to such uses as are mentioned in the said 
Brief; The Slaves being either dead or redeemed before the 
money was transmitted, his excellency in council hath assigned 
the said sum for the finishing of the steeple of Trinity Church. ' 

1 For the Docs, connected with the above Transaction, see pos^ p. 41 i^. 


His excellency the Governor taking into liis consideration tlie 
great cliarges the parishioners liave been and are still at in raising 
the Edifice and steeple to that perfection they designed it, hath 
been graciously pleased to recommend to her Majesty the Queen, 
that i\ may please her Majesty to bestow a farm within the 
bounds of the said City, known by the name of the King's Farm, 
to the use & benefit of the said Chm-ch, with half an acre of 
ground adjoining to the said ChiU'ch designed by his Lordship 
fer a Garden and a house to be built for the said Incumbent. 

Plis Lordship has been pleased to encourage Religion, and 
discountenance Vice in the said Province by Proclamation, and 
has used his utmost endeavours to promote the Public Worsliip 
of God, and train up Youth in the Doctrine and Discipline of 
the Church of England, particularly in the city of New- York, 
and liath contributed to the building a French chm-ch. And 
since the death of the late minister of the French Congregation, 
resolves to use his interest to introduce a French Minister that 
shall have Episcopal ordination and conform to the constitution 
of the church. 

His Lordship hath been also highly instrumental in enacting 
a law for establisliing a Latin free school, and to endow it with a 
salary of Fifty pound per Annum, to which station his Lordship 
hath preferred the ingenious M^" George Muirson, who for some- 
time discharged that function with approbation & Success. 

Two other Schools are hkewise established in this City by his 
Excellency's care, and by these and other means, the church 
daily increaseth, and it is to be hoped, if God pleases to continue 
his excellency in the Administration of this Government, this 
Church is in a fair way of becoming the greatest Congregation 
upon the continent. 

We are willing with much submission to represent to the 
Honourable Society, how that excellent design of theirs in 
supplying us with a Catechist might have their pious endeavors 
better served, if instead of the pious and deserving M^ Ehas 
Neau, who was brouglit up a Merchant and in good business, 
the Worthy and ingenious M^" Muirson, who is now going for 
England in the hopes of being admitted into Holy Orders, were 
appointed for that purpose. M' William Yesey might be assisted 

Vol. .III. 8 


Dj him, and for his encouragement has promised him Thirty 
pounds per annum at his arrival, being sensible how much this 
place abounds with Indian Slaves and Negroes. This is the State 
of the Church in the City of New- York. 

Will : Vesey, Rector of New York. 


In Long Island in the Province of New York, are three 
Counties, viz. King's, Queens and Suffolk coimty. Kings County, 
consisting of four Dutch Congregations supphed formerly by 
one Dutch Minister, but now without any by the death of the 
late Incumbent they are sometimes supplied by the Ilev*^ M'^ 
Vesey where he finds all the Enghsh and some of tlie Dutch weU 
affected to the Church of England. 

A minister sent by the society to that County with some 
encouragement for a maintenance to preach and be a schoolmaster 
would be a great instrument of bringing the youth & others to 
the Church 

W™ Tesey 

In Queens County consisting of five towns divided into two 
parishes and endowed with j£GO, of Ne w- York money per annum, 
each parish paid "by a tax levied on ail the Inhabitants in the 
County by Act of General Assembly. 

Jamaica. The parish of Jamaica in said County consists of 
three Towns, Jamaica, JVew Town 8f Flushing. 

In the town of Jamaica there is ' a churcli of stone, built by a 
tax levied on the Inliabitants of the said town by an Act of 
General Assembly, it has a high spire with a bell, but is not 
furnished with pulpit, pews or utensils. The Church was built 
in the street; there is also a house and some land recorded for 
the parsonage, which was formerly in the possession of the 
Independent Minister, but now in the possession of the present 
Incumbent by his Excellency Lord Cornbury's flivor, who has 
been the great promoter of the church in this Provmce ana 
especially at tliis place. 

In New-Town there is a church built and lately repaired by a 
tax levied on tlie Inhabitants by an Act of General Assembly : 
this Church was formerly possessed by a dissenting Minister, 


but he being gone, it is in possession of the present Incumbent 
by his Excellency's favor. 

Flushing. — In tliis town there is no Church ; whereas the 
other two towns are chiefly inhabited by Independents this is 
inhabited by the Quakers. 

The Eev. M"" Urquhart, the present Incumbent, resides at 
Jamaica, according to the directions of an act of Assembly 
mentioning it as the parochial Church, and there preaclies and 
reads Divine Service t^vice on the Sundays, for two Lord's days 
successively, and on the third Sunday preaches & prays twice at 
New Town and at Flushing once a month on the week days, and 
by the blessing of God, the Congregations in the respective towns 
daily increase. 

Hampstead. The parish consists of two towns, Hampstead 
and Oyster Bay. 

In Hampstead there is a Church, a house and lands for the 
minister, the people are generally weU affected to the chui*ch of 
England and long for the arrival of the Rev^ M' Thomas. 

In Oysterbay there is no church, but a considerable number 
of people desirous of a Minister. 


In Suffolk county in the East end of Long Island, there is 
neither a church of England minister, nor any provision made 
fur one by law, the people generally being Independents, and 
upheld in their seperation by New -England Emissaries. But 
there are several already w^eU affected to the Church, and if one 
or two ministers were sent among them, supported at first by 
the society, it would be an excellent means of reconciling the 
people to the Chui'ch, and of inti'oducing an Establishment for 
a Minister by Law. 

Wm Vesey. 

WESTCHESTER : Mr Bartow Rector. 

Here is a Church built, but not finished, being neither glazed 
nor ceiled . The pa rish of West Chester is divided into four several 
districts viz. West Chester, East Chester, Yomikers, and the Manor 
of Pelham. 

There is <£50 settled on the ministers salai-y by act of Assembly. 


There is twenty tliree acres of land given by West Chester 
division for a glebe. 

There is one Independent Congregation of East Chester, whose 
Minister designs to leave there, whose congregation upon his 
departure are resolved to join with the Churcli. 

EYE : Thomas Pritciiard, Rector. 

Here is no Church, but the Minister preaches in the Town 
house ; the parish is divided into tlu-ee districts, viz Rye, Bedford 
and Mamaronets. 

There is a salary of j£50. per annum established by Act of 
Assembly ; the number of communicants are considerably in- 
creased, since the first celebration of the Sacraments. 

There is an Independent Church at Bedford where the Minister 
designs to leave them, they are well affected to the Cliurcli, and 
it is hoped when he is gone thev will be in Communion witli her. 


The greatest part of the People in this County are English, 
and there is a tax of .£40. per annum levied on the Inhabitants 
of the said county for a maintenance to tlie Minister, and it is 
very necessary and mucli desired by the people that a Minister 
should be speedily sent them with some fm-ther encouragement 
from the society who has at this time an opportunity of 
reconcihng most of them to the Church. 

William Vesey. 


In Orange County there are about 60 families of several nations 
who have no minister nor are able to raise a salary for one. 

Wm Vesey. 


In this County the greatest number of people are Dutch, who 
about twelve years since, sent to the Classis of Amsterdam for a 
Minister; M^^ Newcella being lately called home left them 
destitute of any person to officiate among them, wliich his 
Excellency was pleased to take into consideration, and has 
appointed tlie Rev. M"^ Hepburn to preacli and to read Divine 

_^-9 - 

i^/yfr' /^/^/^(rlc 




service to lliem, whereby tlie English, who had never a Minister 
among them have the beneiit of public Worship, and are in good 
hopes of bringing the Dntch to a conformity. 

The Rev. M'" Hepburn has at present small encouragement 
from the people, but cliiefly under God depends on the kindness 
and bounty of his Excellency the Governor of this Province. 

Wm Vesey. 


A large frontier town where most of the people are Dutch, 
who have from Amsterdam a Dutch Minister, one M-^ Lydius, 
out there are some Enghsh families, besides a garrison of soldiers, 
who are a considerable congregation. A church of England 
Minister liere will, in all probability, do signal service not only 
by setting up a public worship to the joy & comfort of tlie English, 
who impatiently desire a minister, and persuading the Dutch 
and others to conform, but also in instructing the Indians wliich 
come, in great numbers thither. 

Mr ]\Ioore missionary to the Mohawks, is coming to settle here 
for sometime by the directions of his Excellency, my lord 
Cornbury, who gives Mm great encouragement, and has 
been'particularly pleased to promise him presents for the Indians. 


[ Hawk's Church Rec. ] 

Manor of Scarst'ale, Nov. 9, 1705. 


I am indebted to you for your's of the ll*h Jan. & 9th April, 
and am wonderfully surprized that the Society should make 
choice of me for one of their members. It was a very great 
satisfaction to me, that any thing I could offer was acceptable to 
them, and should ^ery joyfuUy embrace any opportunity of doing 
service to the Chiu'ch, and I bless God for it, I am not conscious 
to myself of ever having shpt one fair occasion therein, wheii 


government would give me leave. I beg of you, Sir, to present 
my most humble duty to that honourable body and thank them 
for the honour they have been pleased to do me, and may assure 
them that I shall not only endeavour to give them satisfaction as 
to any thing they shall desire of me ; but if any new matter 
occurs, which I believe may be of service to the Church, I will 
not fail laying it before them for their consideration. 

If I mistake not the several heads you desire satisfaction of in 
both your letters now before me are, first, An exact and impartial 
account of all your Ministers — Secondly, what fruit may be 
expected from M"^ Moor's mission — Tliirdly, what my tlioughts 
are of sending M^ Dellius into those parts again — Foui'thly, my 
opinion of the Society's having appointed that good man, M' 
Elias Neau as Catechist to the Negroes and Indians and the 
Cause of misunderstanding betwixt him and Mi*. Vesey. 

As to the first, I must do aU the gentlemen v.hich you have 
sent to tliis Province that Justice as to declare that a better Clergy 
were never in any place, there being not one amongst them that 
has the least stain or blemish as to his life or conversation, and 
though I am not an eye witness to tlic actions of any save those 
in this County, yet I omit no opportunity of enquiring into their 
behavioui', both of the friends and enemies of the Cliurch, and 
they aU agree as to the Character of the gentlemen ; and that 
they use their best endeavours to gain over the people. And as 
to their diligence in the faithful discharge of tlieir trust, the 
society I hope will in their instructions have laid down such 
rules as they wont fail coming at it witliout being imposed on. 

M"" Urquhart, minister of Jamaica, has the most difficult task 
of any missionary in this government, for although he has not 
only the Character of a good man, but of being extraordinary 
industrious in the discharge of his duty, yet lie having a 
Presbyterian meeting house on the one hand, and the Quakers 
on the other, and very little assistance in his Parish, excej^t 
from those who have no interest with the Peo|)le, that liis work 
can't but go on very heavily, as I understand it docs : But M' 
Thomas of Hempstead having better assistance, the leading men 
in his parish not being disgusted, are helpful in the work ; and 
having no other sectaries to oppose him l)y tlicir mootings but 


the Quakers, makes very considerable progress, as I have been 
told by some of the most sensible of his parish. As for M'' 
Mackenzie he has a very good report from the people of Staten 
Island, and I shall not fail making further enquiry concerning 
him, and let you know in my next. 

But when all is done, what I can tell you concerning any 
Minister, except in tliis County, is only by information from 
others which is often very uncertain ; for some gentlemen may 
many times and very deservingly have a fair and good character 
by the generahty of their neighbours, and yet at the same time, 
by one misfortune or other not perform much of the service of 
the Church, in wliich I wUl give you this plain instance. 

There is not any Gentleman whom the Society hath sent over 
that is clothed with a fairer Character than M^". Eartow of West 
Chester, and truly he is a very good and sober man, and is 
exti-emely well liked of and spoken of by his parishioners in 
general ; yet although he has been three years in that Parish not 
many are added to the Commimion nor baptized, and few 
Catecliized ; and if he is directed to send an account how he has 
advanced on each of these heads annually since Ms coming here 
it will be found accordingly. 

For this and many other reasons, I can't help still to be 
pressing tliat the Society should lay the gentlemen which are sent 
over under exact rules, and methinks it is no difficult matter to 
have it ordered so as to know almost as well what is done as if 
they were present in every parish. 

The people of West Chester were verj' angry with me because 
I was for having this County divided into three Parishes, and 
evei-y Minister to have =£70 instead of .£50. and I had brought 
the County except that place to a willingness to have it so, as I 
formerly acquainted you, and had they permitted that projection 
to have taken place it would have been a great ease to the Society; 
for fii'st, what M"" Bartow had more than the £bO. he now hath, 
miglit reasonably have been deducted at home ; Secondly, M"" 
Bondet would have been provided forj And thii'dly, one M-" 
Morgan who was Minister of East Chester promised me to 
conform ; that there would not have been occasion of another 
being sent to us, and by that means have saved £bO. a year more 


at home, and wliolly out of all hopes of any. dissenting Minister 
getting footing amongst us, and it will never be well until we are 
in three parishes ; and I shall not fail, w^hen I have a fair 
opportunity, to push for it again. And to satisfy you of the 
reasonableness in what I offer, I beheve there has not six pubhc 
taxes been laid on this County by the Assembly this fifteen years 
past, but I have been at the proportioning of, and when the 
places in Rye parish pay =£50. the town in West Chester parish 
were allotted ,£120. and there are two places more, which both 
together are one tliird as big as Rye Parisli which ai-e now in 
neither of them. 

And now I am on this subject, it comes in course to make out 
what I told you in my former letters, viz. that tiiere is no parish 
in the government ]jut wliat is able to pay twice as much as they 
do. For Rye parish which is not by one half so large as the 
least parish estabhslied by law in the government here, since my 
living here mahitained two dissenting Ministers, viz. one at Rye 
and Mamaroneck, and one at Bedford ; and gave the former £50. 
and the latter =£40. a year, wliich I tliink makes it out very plain 
what I have offered on that head ; and you may be assured I 
shall omit no opportunity of serving the Society therein. But 
the work must be done in a great measm-e by the Minister's 
taking pains, and bringing the people into a good opinion of the 
Churcli, for though tlie reason hereof is very plain, it must be a 
business of time to effect it. 

We have had it reported that the Queen would be at the 
charge of maintaining a Suffragan Bishop in these parts. If that 
was granted, I question not but a great many who have had 
their Education in Boston College would conform, and would be 
content with the benefices as settled by Assembly, without being 
very burthensome to the Society. 

I have been so long wandering from one subject to another, 
that I had ahnost forgot to give you my thoughts of M"" Muirson, 
whom my Lord of London has sent to this parish. He has been 
here about tlire^ months, in which time he hath by mucli outdone 
my expectation, having very fully retrieved all that unfortunate 
gentleman, M"" Pritchard lost ; And if he continues so fiutliful in 
the discharge of his trust, of which. I have not the least doubt 


but he will, he'll be able to give as large account of his services 
as any that has been sent over to this Province. And I must do 
him the justice to own that he is deserving of the Society's 
favors. For as some of liis Parishioners told me, and wliich I 
knew in a great measure to be true, that although they have had 
a great many ^Ministers amongst them since the settlement of 
their town, yet AP" ]\Iuirsoii did more good amongst them the 
first six weeks after liis coming than all tliey ever had before. 
And I question not but when 30U have the parti(;ulars of his 
proceedings transmitted, you Avill find what I have said of liim 
to be true. 

As for ]\P' Brooks whom the Society have sent to the Jerseys, 
he has an uncommon good Character given him from those parts j 
and it is reported of him that he makes wonderful advances for 
the service of the Church, and I question not but Col: Morris 
"will be very particular concerning him, that being properly his 
watch. For though that Province is not above 50 miles from 
my house, and Slaten Island about 40, yet by reason of the 
difficulty of water passages, I have never been at either of them 
above twice since my coming to America. And I am now more 
tied at home w ith a family, and my private affairs than Ibrmerly, 
for which I humbly crave an allowance. My principles and 
natural temper lead me to do the Church all the service I can 
every where, but I dare not promise for more than this County 
at present, and my best endeavours in the AVesiermost towns in 
Connecticut colony when the Church is well rooted here. And 
it has always been my opinion, and is so still, that there is no 
part of this Pro-^ince or even America, that would be of greater 
use or service to have the Church thorouglily settled in ; for it 
is not only large in extent, and the land very good and near the 
City ; so consequently will, in time, be a great settlement. But 
bordering on Connecticut there is no part of the Continent from 
wlience the Church can have so fair an opportunity to make 
impressions upon the Dissenters in that Government, who are 
settled by their laws from Eye parish to Boston Colony, which is 
about 35 leagues in wliich there are abundance of people and 
places. As for Boston colony, I never was in it, so can say httle 
to it. But for Connecticut, I am and have been pretty conversant, 


and alwajs Avas as miicli in all their good graces as any man. 
And now I am upon that subject I will give you the best account 
I can of that Colony. 

It contains in length about 140 miles, and has in it about 40 
towns, in each of which there is a Presbyterian or Independent 
Minister settled by their law, to whom the people are aU obliged 
to pay, notwitlistanding many times they are not ordained, of 
which I have known several examples. The number of people 
there are, I *)elieve, about 2,400 souls. They have abundance 
of odd kinds of laws to prevent any dissenting from tlieir church, 
and endeavor to keep the people in as much bhndness and 
unacquaintedness with any other religion as possible; But in a 
more particular manner the Church, looking upon her the most 
dangerous enemy they have to grapple with all. And abun- 
dance of pains is taken to make the ignorant think as bad as 
possible of her. And I really believe that more than half the 
people in that Government, think our Church to be little better 
than the Papist. And they fail not to improve every little thing 
against us. But I bless God for it, the Society have robbed 
tliem of their best argument, which was the ill lives of our 
clergy that came unto these parts. And the truth is, I have not 
seen many good men but of the Society's sending. 

And no sooner was that Honourable Body settled, and those 
prudent measures taken for carrying on of that great work, but 
the people of Connecticut doubting of maintaining their ground, 
without some further su])port, they with great industry went 
through their Colony for subscriptions to build a College at a 
place called Seabrook. And tlie Ministers, who are as absolute 
in their respective parishes as the Pope of Eome, argued, prayed 
and preached up tlie necessity of it; and the passive obedience 
people who dare not do otherwise than obey, gave even beyond 
tiieii- ability. A thing which they call a College was prepared 
accordingly, wherein as I am informed a commencement was 
made about tliree or four months ago. But notwithstanding 
their new College here, and old one in Boston, and that every 
town in that Colony has one, and some, two ministers, and have 
not only heard them say, but seen it in their prints, that there 
was no place in the world where the Gospel shone so brightly, 


nor tliat the people lived so religiously and well as they, yet I 
dare aver, that there is not much greater necessity of having 
the Cliristian Religion in its true liglit preached anywhere than 
amongst tliem. Many if not tlie greatest number among them, 
being Little better than in a state of heathenism; having never 
been baptized nor admitted to the commimion. 

And that you may be satisfied that what I tell you herein is 
not spoken at random, nor grounded on careless observation, 
M'' Muirson's parish is more than three-foui'ths of it composed 
of two towns, viz: Rye & Bedford wliich were first settled 
under the Colony of Connecticut, and of people bred and born 
under that GovernDient, and some time before my coming had 
a Minister, one Mr. Denham, and had afterwards two more, 
Woodbridge and Bowers of Rye, and one M"^ Jones at Bedford. 
And the people of Rye only had of this County the care to 
provide a parsonage house. And notwithstanding all those 
great shows of Religion and that at such times as they were 
destitute of a Minister. 

Greenwich and Stanford, the bounds of tlie former of wliich 
places joins upon theirs, [ours?] and the other is not above ten 
miles distant, where they were always supplied. But they 
could not be said to want the opportunity of having tlie 
Sacraments administered to them, yet I believe 20 of them had 
never received the Communion nor half of them been baptized, 
as M"^ Muirson will more fully inform you. 

And now I have given you an accsunt of the state of that 
Colony what will in the next plac« be naturally expected from 
me, is to know my opinion of the best & most probable way of 
doing good among them. There is nothing more certain than 
that it is the most difficult task the Society have to wade through. 
For the people are not only not of the Church, but have been 
trained up witli all the care imaginable to be its enemies. Tliat 
to make an impression, under all these disadvantages is very 
difficult, though I hope not impossible. And though at first 
view, the prospect of doing any good upon them is very little, 
yet no doubt but the most proper measures ought to be taken 
leaving the event to Almighty God. 

Now as to give you ray tlioughts in wliat way this great work 


may be best endeavored at, so as it may be done with little 
expense, I believe for the first step, the most proper way would 
be, that one of the ministers in this county w^ere directed by my 
Lord of London to inform himself where tliere are any in that 
government that profess themselves to be of the Chmxh, and to 
know if they or any of tlieir neighbours have any children to 
baptize, or desire to partake of the Sacrament ; and that he v/ill 
come to the towns where they live, and after having given them 
a Sermon, will perform those holy rites. There need, I think be 
no more done in this matter at pl-esent. But the Society may, 
if they please, leave the rest to me, and I w^on't only give him 
the best advice and directions I can therein, but will, God willing, 
wait upon him in his progress and persuade some useful friends 
along with me. And when tliis essay has been made, I shall be 
much better able to guess at the state of that government, and 
Vv hat is fitting to be done next. Now the person that I would 
advise them to pitch upon, by all means for this expedition is 
M'' Muirson ; he being not only posted next to those parts, and 
so will look less hke design, but he has a very happy way of 
delivery, and makes little use of his notes in preaching whicli is 
extremely taking amongst those people ; and fn* argument, few 
of his years exceed him. 

The chief end I have in this projection is to have the people 
'if that government undeceived in their notions concerning our 
Church, there being, I belieTe, uftecn • thousand in that Colony 
who have never heard, nor scarce seen a Church of England 
]\Iinister. And I have the charity to believe, that alter having 
heard one of our ^Ministers preach, they will not look upon our 
Church to be such a monster as she is represented. And being 
convinced of some of the cheats, many of them may duly 
consider of the sin of Scliism. However, let the success be what 
it will, to me the duty seems plain. I have not only mentioned 
this to you, but in my letter to the Lord of Loudon, & shall 
patiently wait for his and the Society's commands therein. 

I will now proceed to give you direct answers to tlie several ' 
quei'ies mentioned in yoiu-s. Having as yet only spuke to the 
fijst, so shall now take the rest in course. 

As for Mf Moor's mission, you will imdoubtedly have the 


account thereof very fully by jSP Talbot, whose place he supplies, 
having not thought it "worth the while to stay at Albany. As 
for my opinion in that matter, I tliink it is too hea^y for the Society 
to meddle with at present, and would properly lie as a burthen 
upon the Crown, to be defrayed out of the revenue here. For 
their being brought over to our Holy faith will, at the same time, 
secure them in their fidelity to the government.'^ And not only that, 
but the Society will, I beheve, find employment enough for their 
money in sending of missionaries amongst those who call 
themselves Christians, on the coast of America, which I find to 
be their resolution. And it is certainly the greatest charity in 
the world to have the best Eeligion^ planted in these parts, wliich, 
with time, will in all probability, be so vast ia Country and 

But whether the charge of missionaries for converting the 
, Indians fall to the share of the Crown or the Society, to efiect 
that matter well and thoroughly, those sent over on that errand, 
must be such as can endui-e hardships, and are able and willing 
to live with the Indians in their own country and according to 
their way and manner, which are the methods the French take. 
And I believe some of those gentlemen who have had their 
Education in the Colleges of the north parts of Scotland, being 
in orders from my Lord of London, may be the likeliest to 
undergo it. As for Mr. Delhus I don't think it worth the while 
in being at any extraordinary charge in sending him ; because I 
believe no consideration would make him live in the Indian 
Country. And if he did, he has not the language ; and one that 
goes on that mission must be a young man who is able to grapple 
with fatigues, and will not only take pains, but is capable of 
learning the language ; and it is a general observation that none 
are so apt to gain foreign tongues as the Scotch. 

As for my thoughts of this Society's having appointed that 
good man, M^ Neau, as Catechist to the negroes and Indians, it 
is undoubtedly a very good work, and he is wonderfully 
industrious in the discharge of his duty, and the truth is, takes 
more pains than he needs, by going from house to house to 
perform that oifice. And I beheve he would find it as effectual 
to gam the end, and not the foui'th part of the trouble to himst^lf, 


to appoint set times in having them together at the English 
Church, or at least so many at once as may be i3roper, and 
catechise and instruct them. And M"" Vesey assures me he 
shall be very free and willing to let liim have the use of tlie 
Church fur that purpose. And now I am on this subject, it wiU 
be very proper for the Society to dii-ect M^^ Cleator, if he comes 
over, or any Schoolmaster whom they appoint in their respective 
places to catecliise and instruct the Negroes and Indians, & that 
the mmisters in their several parishes were desired to send a list 
of all the slaves or free negroes & Indians ; the Society would 
then see how that matter w^as further worth their consideration. 

I did in my former letters make mention of one M'^ Bondet, a 
French Protestant minister* who is in orders from the Eishop of 
London. He is a good man and preaches very intelligibly in 
English, which lie does every third Sunday, in his French 
Congregation, when he uses the Litui-gy of the Church. He has 
done a great deal of service since his first coming into tliis 
Country, and is weU worth the thoughts of the Society. The 
town he lives m, is called New Rochelle, a place settled by 
French protegtants. It is comprehended in M'" Bartow's parisli, 
and contributes towards his maintenance, which disables them 
in a great measure to pay towards M^" Bondet's, w^ho is in very 
great want. It is true besides twenty pounds a year, which the 
people of New^ RocheUe promise him, and is very iU paid, he 
has tliirty pounds a year settled on Mm out of the pubhc Revenue 
here, as tlie French JMmister in York hath ; but that is paid with 
so much uncertamty, that he starves under the prospect of it. 

Now for a remedy for this poor gentleman and that he may 
be made as useful to the Church as possible; if the Society would 
use their interest that he might have an order from the Court 
that he may not only forthwith be paid his arrears, but that lie 
should afterwards have his money by quai^terly payments; and 
that at the same time, he be directed by the Bishop of London 
to consult with and be helpful to M^ Bartow and M^' Muirson in 
taking care of the scattering towns of their parishes; especially 
jSP Bartow's, where it is impossible for any one to manage it. 
And whereas he has been obliged for Ms bread to use the French 
prayers in Ms French Congregation, according to the orders of 


tlje Protestant Clim-clics of France, and had that hberty granted 
him (as he tells me) upon liis receivhig orders, it is his earnest 
request, that he might have directions relating thereunto, 
wherein he might be required not to use otherwise than the 
Liturgy of our Church in any Congregations where he preacheth, 
whether English or French. And it would be w'ell that some 
French Common Prayer Books and Catechisms were sent over 
for that purpose. The reason of desiring an order of that 
nature is, that it would put the matter out of dispute. M"^ 
Bondet & I have gone as far as we can in tliat aftair, and it ' 
would spend too much time to tell you what tempests we waded 
through in attempting it, but if directions came from England 
about it, none I believe would be found to oppose it. The 
chief cause of its being liindered with so much heat was that the 
French Congregation at York were apprehensive that it might 
be a precedent for them, and for that reason fired the most 
ignorant of M^' Bondet's people, and persuaded them to recant 
from what they had agreed to. But I must do the most sensible 
of them the justice, that they hold fast their integrity, and are 
willing to receive the Chiu-ch. 

If this matter goes forward. I expect that the greatest part of 
the people of Kew Eochelle will cease their contributions to M^ 
Bondet. So I must desire the Society to consider him with some 
allowances in England. And if effectual care could be taken 
that £30 is paid liim, £lb Sterhng more, with the small helps 
he will have from those w^ho will continue steady to the Church, 
will enable him to maintain himself & family. 

If care is not already taken therein in the Instructions which 
are preparing, it will be of absolute necessity that the clergy of 
tills Country be directed to meet twice at least annually, and 
taking to their assistance the best and most sensible of their 
parishes to consult of the most effectual ways of settling the 
Churcli ; and to give an impartial account how the parishes are 
settled in point of conveniency, and which way it may be better 
done, not only to make it easy for themselves but so as the 
bread of hfe may be fairly and equally divided amongst the 
people, that proper measui-es might be taken to have it regu- 
lated by act of Assembly. For if something of this nature is not 



done, one half of tlie people of the County won't have much 
benefit by all the cost that is laid out upon them. 

In the conclusion of your last letter you told me that you had 
sent some Common Prayers and Catechisms by Mr. Mackenzy 
but do not understand he has brought any; so beg of you to 
enquire into that mistake. And in case you send any otlier 
books to be disposed, pray let them only be Dr Beveridges (noAv 
Bishop of St. Asaph) sermon concerning Common Prayer, a little 
Book entitled a Christians Way to Heaven,, and one of the Law- 
fidness of the Common Prayer. No books can be more service- 
able than tliey; and I would take care to have tliem scattered 
tlirough Connecticut Colony to both* Ministers & People, and am 
apt to beheve they would do service. 

As for the deputation the Society now pleased to send me, I 
am exceeding sorry I can do them no service therein. For the 
people of this County having generally land of tlieir own, 
altough they don't v\' ant, few or none of tliem very much abound. 
Tliere being, besides a settlement belonging to Col. Morris, and 
another to M^ Philhps, and mine, not any that belong to particular 
men of any great value in tlie County ; nor are there ten in the 
whole Coimty but what have been brought over to the Church 
since I came into the province, that truly, Sir, if we can persuade 
tliem to build and finish their Churches and Schools, help to 
maintain their Ministers & School Masters, and fit conveniences 
for them, it is the most that can be expected till things are better 
settled, and the Chui'ch a more firm footing among them. 

I have not had the liappiness to be in company with Colonel 
Morris since I received the deputation ; but shall discourse with 
him concerning that matter when I see him next. I could oifer 
some few things more to the consideration of the Society, but 
time won't permit me to enlarge, so I shall reserve it to the next 

So with luimble duty to the Society, begging pardon for the 
trouble I have given herewith, I desu-e to remain &c. 

Caleb Heathcote. 



To Ills Excellency Robert Hunter Esq^ Capt General and 
Governour in Chief of the Province of New York New Jersey 
& Territories depending thereon in America and Vice AdniiraU 
of the same &c. 


May IT PLEASE YOUR Excellency 

We of the Clergy of this her Majesties Provinces of New 
York being with your Excellencies approbation assembled to 
consult of such things as may be fitt to transmit to oiu: 
Ecclesiastical supcriours for promoting the Interest of our holy 
mother the Church of England, do in the first place beg leave to 
return your Ex'cy our humble thanks for this opportunity of 
meeting and your generous oifers of concurring with us in what 
may be thought proper to propose for that end. 

Its with great pleasure that we observe your Ex'cys zeal against 
immorality and profaness wliich has so much overspread this 
province we hope your Ex'cys proclamation may have the happy 
influence of putting a stop to its further progress. The 
Encouragement jour Ex'cy has therein given to the labors of the 
Societys Catechist the pious M- Ehas Nciiu,' and still continues 
notAvithstanding of the attemps made agaiust him upon account 
of the late bloody designs of the negroeSj deserves our utmost 
acknowledgements. Your Ex'cys favour to our Worthy Brother 
the R<i M^ Daniel Bondet and his Congregation of French 
Refugees at New Roclielle conformed to the Church of England, 
your generous bounty towards the Erecting of a new Church 
and granting a patent for seeming tlie same to the Chui'ch of 
England for ever are such pregnant Instances of youi- Ex'cys 
zeal for the promoteing of our Religion that we should be wanting 
in our Duty if we should not remember it with the utmost 
gratitude, and beg your Ex'cy further to Encourage that good 
work by using joui Endeavours with tlie Bishop of London and 
Society to advance the SaUary of our Indigent Brother wliich is 

1 Mr. Neau's license as Catechist in the city of N. York is dated 4 Aug. 1704. 
Deed Book X. 27. 

Vol. III. 9 


now but <£30 ster. p^" annum having no allowance from the 
people for many years. The Reverend M^" Beys has represented 
that he suifers hardships having no Sallary from the people of 
New Harlem where he officiates and his estabhshment fi-om the 
Society being uncertain tliro some aspersions thrown upon liim 
by Ms adversaries. We heartily recommend him to your Ex'cy 
to protect and Encourage him according to his services. 

As it is with the greatest pleasure we hear of the due 
Encouragement M'' Barclay Minister of Albany meets with in 
the propagation of the Clnistian Religion and Knowledge under 
joui" Ex'cy s wise and pious administration. So it is om- earnest 
and humble request that your Ex'cy will be pleased to promote 
the building of a church there which is very much wanting. 
We could heartily wish that there were effectual care taken to 
promote the Establishment of the Church tlu-o' out the other 
Counties of this province as well as to secure and corroborate it 
where it is akeady settled. This and what else may be for the 
promotion and encouragement of Religion here or may seem 
proper to suggest to our patrons in England we humbly submitt 
to your Ex'cys Judgement and discretion in Confidence of your 
Ex'cys Zealous apphcation and with all due Respect Esteem ar,d 
observance subscribe ourselves 

May it please your Excellency 
New York Your Excellences 

May 14th 1712. Most dutyful faitliful and 

obedient humble Servants 
Elias Neau: Catechiste 

Daniel Bondet 
John Barbour 
John Thomas 
John Sharpe 
Tho: Barclay 
Henricus Beys 
Thqs Poyer 
MSEAS M'''^kenzik 
Chris: Bridge 




Kings (Hottntg, C. J. 



[Sors.—E affixed to the name, means English; F Freruh.] 

Adriaen Bennet 

Jacob Bennet , 

Jan Rennet 

Simon Aerson 

Wduiervan Pelt 

Christopher Schaers 

Claes vin Dyck 

Maria Van Dycl< 

Achias Van Dyck 

Jan Pietcrse 

Volkerl Biles 

Geertie Dries 

J-)cobus V-^n DeWater .... 
Cornelis Van DeWater ... 

Jan Buys 

Cornelis Poulisse 

Cornells Sleg-t 

Joannes Slegt 

Cornelis Van Diiyn 

Thomas Venton 

Jan Bennet 

Willem Bennet 

Will em Brouwer 

Jacob Hansen Bergen 

Cornelis Snebring 

Caiharina Henilrikse 

Dirclj Woertmart 

Jan Gerritz Couwenhoven 

Robert Evenlen (E) 

Jan Arison 

Latitie Smith (E) 

Stoffol HooghlancU 

Joris Jacobse 

Harm<^n Jorisse 

Jan Woertman 

Jiiriaen Anilriesse 

Juiian Dries 

Joannes Janse 

Barent Sleglit 

JMargaret Dolslan (K) .... . 

Elsie S!eq;ht 

Jacobis Bcauvois 

Thomas Knight (E) 

Rla^ijplena fardon ........ 

Jons Hansen Bergen 


Men. Wo. 








Jan Fretlrickse 

Grietie Jansen 

Griet Midday 

Jan Janse Staast Gerbrantse 

Pieter Janse Staast , 

Cornells Jorisse Bouman 
Mighiel haase Bergen .. 

Jacob Brouwer 

Adam Brouwer 

Claes Veehten 

Hendrick V'echten 

Jan Cornelisse Damen. . . 

Garret Middag 

Samuel Berry 

Gerrit Couwenhoven. . . . 

Abraham Van Duyn 

Judith Van Este = .. 

Annetie Rapaille ........ 

Jeronimus Jlapaille 

Tftunis Rapaille 

Daniel Rapaille 

J»nnetie Remse 

Abraham Rc^mse 

Gysbert Bogaert 

Teunis Bogaert 

Heeltie Rapalle 

Jacob Cousseau (F) 

Jacob Buys 

Matthys Cornelisse 

Anthony Coesaer 

Tys Lubbertz 

Lysbeth Tysen 

frans Abraham se 

Lambert Andriesse 

Cornelis Vanderhoef . •• . 

Thomas Lamberts 

Dirck Tyisen 

Isaac Mennist 

Hendk Hendrickse 

Jeronimus Remse 

JaaGeriitz Dorlant 

Gerret Sprong 

Barbara Luycas 

Clars Barcntz Blom 

Jan Bibon. ., 

JJenja Van De Wactcr. .. 

fOu-ht to be 78 Men & 102 Wo :] 77 


Pieter Janse Wit 

Dorothea Verschuur.. 

Joos Dure (F) 

Albert Hendrickse.... 
Hendrick Willemse.. . 
Abraham Detooy (F) ■ 

Jannetse Schaaip 

Jan Sevcnhooven 

David Sprong 

Phillip Volkertsz 

Pieter Willemse 

Jacobus Lonyse 

Auke Reynierse 

Jochem Verschuur... 
Willem West (£).•■. 
Nicholacs Brouwer.. 






iJabriel Sprong 

Pieter Looyse 

Lourens Hook 

Joos Dun? Senior (F) 

Michiel Parment Jer (F) 

Pieter Usilla 

ffreilrick Sy mouse 

nendk Jansz Van Amesfoort 

Jan Muserol (F) 

Cornelis Looyse 

Jacob Bibon (F) 

Jan Muserol Junior (F) 

Thomas BauJe (F) 

Anna fontain 

HendiJcus De Foreest 

Theunis VVoertman 

Barent Gerritz Vlasbeek 

Anna Volker;se . 

Dirck Volkertze 

Pieter Pra 

Humphry Clay (E) 

Abraham Brou wer 

Alexandre Coqaer (F) 

Jurian Coljer 2 

Jean Lescuier (F) 3 

Juriaen Nagel 1 

Charles Fontaine (F) 2 

Catelyntie Cats '. 

Hendrick Janse 2 

Arent Andriesse 1 

Dirck Andriesse 1 





Pieter Corteljau 

Jacques Corteljau 

Adriaen Lane 

Jan Van Cleef 

Gerret Coerten 

IBarent Joosten 

My nart Kourten 

Aert Van Pelt 

Hcndk Matthyse 

Joannes Smack 

Oornel-s, Van Dyek 

Jan Van Dyek 

Gysboi t Ty sse 

Jacob Verdon 

Abraham Willemse 

Pieter Tysse 

Gerret Cornelisse 

Cornelis Auke 

Thomas Tierckse 

Susanna • 

Harman Gcrritse 

D:rck Van Zutphen 

Lawrens Jansen 

V>'illem Berkeloo 

Denys Teunisse •••• 

Cornelis Van Brunt 

Andrirs Jansen 

Hendrii'k Jansen 

Cryn Tansen 

Jan Verkerk 

.Toos De Ban e 

Rut Joosten Van Brunt . . • i 



.loost Van Brunt 

Anthony Van Pelt... . 

Teunis Van Pelt 

Matthys Smack 

Paulus Eigo 

Joannes Swart 

Joannes Eigo 

Pieter Van Deventer. 





Gerret Elbert Stoothof 

Jan Teunisz Dykhuys 

Roelof Martense 

Coert Stevense 

Gerret Wykhof •• 

Henilk Wykhof 

Dirk Jantz An ernian 

Andriaeii Kenne. 

Jlirck Langestraet 

Jan Kiersen 

jVlexanctr Simson (E) 

Jan Hansen 

Pieter Nevius 

Jacob Tysse Lane 

Helena Aertsen 

Simon Jantz Van Acrsdaelen 

Cornells Simontz Van Aersilaelen. . . 

Willem Gerrittz Van Couvenhoven 

Aernoiit Viele 

Jan Alberttz ter heunen 

Jan Brouwer 

Thcnis Jantz Aniak 

(fenlinando Van Sigclen. 

Claes Wykhof 

Jan Wykhof 

Willem Bruynen 

Ailriaen Langestraet 

Lucas Stevense 

Pieter Pieterse 

Henihick Brouwer 

Albert Amernian 

Pieter Van Cciivenhoven 

Marten Schenck 

Jan Stevense 

Pieter Monfoor 

Steven Coerten 

Rutgert Bruy n 


39 130 



Jamee Hubbai-d (E) 2 2 

Cornells Van Cleef i 

The Willow Siryckcr 

Jochem Gulick 

"Willem Wiliemsc 

Nicholas Stil will (E) 

John Poland (E) 

Isaac Hasclbury (E) 

El ias Stil will (K) 

Joseph Goliler (R) 

Abraham Emmans (E) 

Williiim Williamson 

The Wiildow Baientse 



Rymer Van Kigelen.... 

Miir^aret Simson 

iStiiffl'l Komeyn 

JBarerit Jui-i^eiise 

Aiiilrew Emniiins 

Cornelis Buys. . 
Anthony Powland (E) . 
Thomas Craven (K) .... 

John Emtiians [E) 

John Lake (U) 

The VVidilow Martentz. 
John Grigs Junir (/:,') ... 
Joiin Crisis Senior (E) . . 

Anne Lake 

Samuel Gerrittz 

Jfremiah Stilwiil (E) ■ 
Nrcliolas S-tilwill (E) ... 

John Simmons (E) 

Albert Koerten 

John Mush (E) 

Lubber t Gerrittz 



Henry ffilkln (E) 

Joseph Hepeman.... . 

Stotfel I'robascoe 

Wilhelmus Liipardus ' 
GciTarilus Beeknian.. 

Jean C<incoss (Fj 

James Simson tE). . . . 

E'ig'clb^irt Lott 

HenUrick Ryke 

Hemlrick Vliet 

Tobias Ten Eyck 

Joannes Snebring.... 
Cornelis Vamlerveer. 
Jan Van Ditm.trsen. . . 
Dirck Flooglant . ... 

Pieler Lott 

Daniel Polhemius.. . . ^ 
Jan Benhani (£).-... 

Daniel Remse 

Jacnb Hendrilcse 

Ryk Henilrickse 

Barent Volman 

Henrieus Kip 

Denys Van Diiyn 

Gyshert Janlz 

Cornelis Vanhougen .. 

Denys hegeman 

Beiij hegenian 

Jan Andriesse 

Margareta Verschuur 

Adriacn R} erse 

Cornelis Willemse.... 

Latrcrt Pieferso 

Abraham Hcgeman 

Aris Van de Bi.t 

Joannes Roes 

Joannes Symonse 

I>ambert Sighels 

Pieter Strycker 







• Was D, Relonned Minister of Flatbjsh from l(>Of to 17<I2. En. 



John Richardson (E) 

Matthys Pietertz Luyster 

Syraen Hansen 

Aroii Van Ooststrant .... 

Andries Jansen 

Ruth Albcrtsen 

Joannes Van Eeckelen .. 

Maiien Anch-iesen 

Jan Dehaen 

Adrian heudrickse 

Rynier Arentse 

Evert Wilcly 

Jacobus Hegeman 

Hendrilf Willenise 

Joannes Willemse 

Cornells Wickof 

Elsie leunisse 

Daniel IMartino ■ 

Rem Renise 

Isaac Hegeman, 

Gerret Strycker 

Maritie Blom 

Geertruy Van Boerum ... 

Gerret Dorlandt 

Jan Vliet 

Joris Remse 

Jan Vander Veer ■ 


Wo. Chi. 
1 1 
1 6 
1 2 
1 5 
1 4 



1 6 


1 1 


1 1 

1 2 

1 6 

1 3 


1 3 


1 4 

1 2 


1 9 


1 5 

1 8 


1 3 

1 4 


1 9 

1 3 


1 4 

1 .9 


1 7 



1 2 


Total. Men Wo. Ch. App. SI. 

509* In the Town of Brookland 77 101 24U 26 65 

301 Bos wick 51 49 141 8 52 

269 New Vtrecht 39 38 134 .. 48 

258 Ffiatlands 47 39 130 .. 40 

210 Gravesend 31 32 124 6 17 

476 Fllatbush 62 72 263 8 71 

In all 307 331 1032 48 293 

• (Ought to be 511) Is together 2011 (ought to be 3013) 



To Ms Excellency Edward Lord Viscomit Cornbury her 
Majesty's Cap^ General and Governor in Chiefe of the Provmce 
«^ New Yorke and territory es depending thereon in America 
kc. and Vice admiral of the same &c. The humble petition 
of the Elders of four dutch Churches in Kings County Brook- 
land, fflatbush, jSiatlands and New utrecht whose names are 
underwritten — 
Humbly Sheweth 

Vnto your Excellency that your petitioners of late were 
impowered by the people of their several townes to caU and send 
for a minister either out of this province or out of Holland to 
instruct them in their mothers tongue in the place of their late 
Minister M*^ Lupardus deceased and accordingly had severall 
meetings about said matter, and at last concluded to addi^ess y^" 
Excellency fibr leave to send ffor and call one Mr Bernardus 
fireeman Minister of Schenechida to be their Minister, where- 
upon may it please your Excellency a petition was prepared by 
y'' Petitioners ffor that end and sent by CoU'Gerardus Beekman 
to y Excellency who promised tlie delivery of it, but ifailed in 
his promise, and writt us a letter that said petition was not well 
penned, and that there was some fiaults therein, and therefore 
would not deliver said peticon, soone after the receipt of wliieh 
letter y petitioners waited upon y^ Excellency about s"^ matter 
at Coll: Merritts and y Excellency was pleased to say you 
would give us an answer in a flew days which at our return 
home we Inflbrmed our people accordingly; notwithstanding all 
this a great part of the people of said towns were im-aged with 
y^ petitioners in craving y"" Excellencyes leaue to Call said 
Minister and w-ould haue noe patience to waite ffor y- Excel- 
lencyes answer, but fforthwith some of the people of fliatbush 
afores"^ Craned an order from s^ CoU. Beekraan for a towne 
meeting which was granted, and in said towne meeting a great 
party of said people grossly affronted and abused said Joseph 
Plegeman on^j of y^ Petitioners and Elders as aforesaid ffor not 


sending ffor said flfrecman, said Hegeman told them that he had 

waited upon y Excellency about it, but would not call said 

Minister before he had y Excellcncyes leaue, to that severall 

reply ed, that y Excellency had nothing to doo with it, twas 

their priviledge to send tfor what Minister they please without 

y^ Excellcncyes leaue, and upon that immediately made an order 

to leaue s<i Hegeman and other the Elders of fflattbush out, and 

at said time chose Daniel Polhemus Ai'ics Van der bilt and 

Inglebert Lott in their places fiforthwith to send ffor s<i (freeman, 

a copy of wMch towne order has bin required of the clerke by 

one of y petitioners wliich was refused saying it was Cutt out 

of the towne books by some of said towue that he would not 

name, soo likewise may it please y Excellency the irregular 

proceedings in this affaire at Broockland aforesaid of one Claes 

Vandyke and Nicholas Brower who went lately about said towne 

taking subscriptions ffor s*! minister without any order therefore, 

soe that may it please yf Excellency y petitioners lyes under a 

gre-at hate amongst a great party of the people in doeing only 

their duty, said people noising among one another that 'tis the 

Elders ffaults that they haue not s<^ ffreman ffor their IMinister. 

¥•■ Excellcncyes petitioners therefore humbly prayes that y 

Excellency would be pleased to grant them the hberty 

either to Call or send ffor said M^ Bernardus ffreeman to be 

their mmister or otherwise to send ftbr Holland ffor a 

Minister to instruct them in their owne language according 

to the rules and methods of their Church discipline and ffor 

y ExceUencyes health & happiness y^ petitioners as in duty 

boimd shaU ever pray &,e. 

Derck Amerjma^t 
JoRES Hanson 
Joseph Hegeman 
! • Stoffel Probaske 

Gerret Stoothoff 
Jaque5 Cortlijou 



[ Council Min. IX. ] 

In Council; 20ih Octob. 1702. 
Present his Excellency Edward Viscount Cornbiiry &c 
William Smith Gerard Beekman 

Sa Sh Broughton Rip Van Dam 

W"' Lawrence Caleb Heathcote Esq"-* 

John Bridges Doc^ of Laws. 
The petition of the Elders of the fom- Dutch Churches in 
King's County w^as read and ordered that the said petitioners or 
some of them do attend the Board on Tliursday morning next 
at ten of the Clock, and make good the allegations in the 
petition; and ordered that Johannes Schenck Town Clerk of 
Flattbush do appear before this Board at the same time and 
bring with liim the book of the orders made at the town 
meeting of the Inhabitants of tlie s^' toAvn. 

Oetol). 21. 1702. 

Tlien appeared before me MacliieU Hansen Esq^" one of her 
Majestyes Justices of tlie peace & Quorum ffor King's County in 
Nassaw Island Joras Remsen one of the Ifreeholders in said 
County who did declare upon the holy Evangelists that Nicholas 
Brower and Cla^s Vandyke both of the Township of Broockland 
in said County on or about the sixteenth day of this Instant 
October Came to his house at Broockland aforesaid and askt him 
if he would signe with them to a paper to send flbr M"^ ffreeman 
Minister of Schenectida to be tlieir minister, and said Joras 
answered noe, not unless all tlie people alsoe signe & ffurther 
saith not &c. 

Johannes Symonse one of the fifreeholders of said towne of 
Broockland alsoe sworne saith that on or about the sixteenth 


day of tliis Instant October said Nicliolas Brower and Clues 
Vandyke Came to his house and askt him if he woukl signe with 
them to send ffor M- ffreeman Minister of Schenectada to be 
theii' Minister and if he woukl signe to a paper with them iFor 
the Choosing of thi'ee men in the place of the Eklers of said 
Towne to send ffor said Minister, and he answered them noe, he 
would haue nothing to doe with it, & further saith not, &c. 

Jacobus Deeeavois one of the ffreeholders of said towne of 
Broockland alsoe Came before me and being Sworne saith that 
on or about the sixteenth day of this Instant October said 
Nicholas Brower and Claes Vandyke Came to his house and askt 
him if he would signe with them to a paper to send ffur M' 
ffreeman Minister of Schenectada to be their Minister, and what 
sume of mony he w^ould giue yearly ffor his maintenance, and if 
he would alsoe signe to a paper ffor the Choosing of Benjamin 
Van de water William Bennet and Jacob fifardon in the place of 
th« Elders of s^J towne to send ffor said ^linister, and he 
answered them he would haue nothing to doe with it, and said 
Nicholas soon after told s*^ Jacobus that he had gott about 30 
hands y* had signed to said paper, but the said Jacobus saith he 
saw noe order that tlie said Nicholas and Ck^es had for soe doemg 
& ffurther saith not kc. 

Jurant coram me anno et die super diet. 

MiGGiEL Hansen, Justus 


[Counc. Min.] 

In Council, 22d Octobr 1703 
Present as before, except CoU Heathcote. 
The Elders of the four Dutch Chm-ches in Kings County 
together with the Town Clark of the Town of fflatbusli appeared 
before this Board in obedience to an order of the 20^'' Instant 
and tlie said Towne Clark being Examined Confessed that the 
order made at the ToAvn Meeting at fRatbush was taken out of 
the said Towm book ])y Aries Vanderbelt and himself, and that 


it now is in the said Aiies Yauderbelts custody. Ordered that 
the sd Town Clark do imediately Deliver to tliis board the 
Contents of the said Order, in v.riting so near as he can remember, 
which being done It is ordered that the s'^ Aries Vanderbelt do 
appeare before this l^oard to morrow morning at ten of the clock 
and that said Town Clark do attend at the s^ time. 


I having diiely Considered the Within petition and having 
been weU Informed that ]\I'' Bar. fireeman has misbehaved himself 
by promoting and Encouraging the unliappy divisions among the 
people of this province, do not think it Consistent wuth her 
Majestie's Service that the s^ Ifreeman should be admitted to be 
called as is prayed by the s^ petition And the petitioners are 
hereby required not to call or receive the s^ fifreeman. But the-y 
are hereby left at Lilx^rty to send for such Minister as they s^iall 
think fitt from holland or any other place as hath been customary, 

[The above order is on a scrap of paper without date. Dr. Strong (Hist 
Flatbush,) states that it was made on 23d Oct., 1702.] 


To his Excellency Edw^nrd Lord Viscount Cornbiuy her 
Maj^ts Capt Generall and Gou"- In Chiefe of the Province 
of NewYorkeandJtsDepeudencs &c : and the honourable 
CounceU : 
The humble Petition of the Cljiu'ch Wardins of the Nether 
Dutch Church of the town of Schoneghtede : 

That the four severall towns to witt Midwout or flattbush the 
Bay Newutreght & Brockland by their Certain writing doth 


Indfiayoiir to Draw M"" Bamardiis Freeman Present minister of 
Schoueglitende from his Congregation Wlio are not able ol 
themselves Without Your Excellencj's assistance to gett another 
& since that we your Pctioners have Been att a great Charge & 
trouble with assistance thereunto from the County for Defraying 
the Considerable Charge for M"" Barnardus Freemans Passage 
and other chaxges tiiat dotli amount to the vahable Summe of 
near upon Eighty Pounds so that if tiles'^ M'' Barnardus Freeman 
should be Drawn from us as they Indeavour to Doe we could 
not Pretend that such a Small Congregation as we are Can be 
able to Send for another and they Who are of a greater Congre- 
gation Could had another before tills If they had not Endeavoured 
to Deprive us their neighbours : therefore we your Lordships 
and Councells Petitioners humbly Pray that y Lordship and 
Councell be Pleased to take this our Great Case In Youi- Great 
Wisdom and Serious Consideration to give such Incouragements 
to the Instructing of the Indians that we may be more Enabeled 
to the Paying of liia .Salary and your Petitioners as In Duty 
bound Shall ever Pray. 
Schoneghtende the 29 'i» 
of May 1703 

IsACK SwiTS elder 
Claes Wirbessen elder 
Jan Vrooman elder 
Daniel Jansen deacon 
Claes Van Petten deacon 
JoHANNis Glen deacon 
Read in Council 24*^ June 1703 and rejected. Counc. Mn. 



[ Deed Book X. ] 

By bis Excellency Edward Viscount Cornbury Cap<^ Gen'i & 

Goyi' in Clieife of ye Provinces of New York New Jersey 

& of all The Territories and Tracts of Land Depending 

Thereon in America & Vice Admirall of y^ same &c. 

To Mr Bernardus Freeman Greeting — 

You are hereby Licenced Tollerated and allowed to be Ministr 

of The Dutch Congregation at New Uytrecht Flackbush Bruyck- 

land and BusAvick in King's County upon The Island of Nassaw 

in tlie s^i Province of New York and to have & Exercise the free 

Liberty and use of yoi^ Keligion according to ye Laws in such 

case made and Provided for & During So Long Time as to me 

shall Seem meet & all P'sons are hereby Required to Take 

Notice hereof accordingly. Given under my hand & seal at 

Fort Anne in New York This 2Gth day of Decemr in the fourth 

year of her Ma^'e^ Reigne Annoq: D™ 17® 5 

By his Excell"8 command 

William Anderson Dy Secy 


To his Excellcy Edward Viscount Cornbury Capt Generall 

and Governo' in Chief of her Maj'ys Provinces of New 

York and New Jersey and Vice Admiral of the same &c. 

The humble Petition of Englebert Lott Jacob Pardon Daniel 

Polyhemus and Benjamin Vandewater Elders of the Dutch 

Congregations in Kings County on the Island Nassau of wliich 

JVC ftreeman is Minister by License from jo^ ExceU^y 

Vol. III. 10 

146 papers relating to kings county. 

Humbly Sheweth. 

That yo»' petitioners haveing Lately p'sented to yo' ExceU<=y 
A short Memorial of their proceedings in their offices since 
Publish* by said M' ffreeman by yo^ Lordpps Speciall Order, 
setting forth to yo^ Excello- that their Intention was to demand 
of M^ Antonides and his ]3retended Elders and Deacons the 
Churclies Books Stock house and Land to tlie same belonging 
if yor Lordpp should tliink it Convenient which yo^ Excellt^y 
was pleased to approve of and yo^ Petition's have demanded the 
same accordingly which M^ Antonides and his pretended deacons 
doe absolutely refuse to deliver Without yo^' Lordpps Special 
Order under yo^' hand notwithstanding yo^' Excell^ys verball 
order for demanding the same. 

Yo"" Excellcys Petitioners therefore humbly pray tliat they 
may have An order from yo^ Lordpps own liand for tlie 
receiveing of the said Church books stocke house and Land 
belonging to each of the said Dutch Congregations which yo"" 
Lordpps petitioners humbly conceives will put a Stopp to the 
differences amongst them for the future, humbly praying that 
yo*" Lordpp of yo'" Great clemency would Continue yo^' protection 
over them. And as in Duty bound shall ever pray. 

Englebardt Lott 
, Jacob Pardon . 

Daniel Polyhemus 
Benjamin Vandewater 


By His Ex'ly Edward Viscount Cornbury: 
Whereas I have licensed authorized and appointed M' Ber- 
nardus ffreeman who was called by the people of fkitbush to be 
Minister of the Dutch Congregation att fflattbush in Kings 
County. It being therefore absolutely requisite that the House 
Land Stock and books to the same congregation belonging should 


be delivered to the said Minister I liave thought fitt hereby to 
require and command you and every of you who I am informed 
detain and keep tlie possession of the s'' House Land Stocli and 
books for the use and on the behalfe of M iVntonides the pre- 
tended Minister of the s'' Congregation fortliwith to dehver the 
same to tire said M fireeman and to put liim in the possession 
thereof as you wiJl answer the contrary at your perill. Given 
under my liand att ffbrt- Anne in Ncw-Yorke this 3d day of 
Janry 1706. 

To Joseph Hegeman ^and Stophell Burl:)fe.sho pretended 
Elders and Cornelius Wiiliamse Jan' Vlies and Nys 
Van Duyn pretended Deacons of the Dutch Congrega- 
tion at fflatt Bush. 
The same, to Joris hansen Daniel Rappellie & ffredrick 
Mynder^e p:tended Elders & Gysber Bogart & aert 
Jansen p:tended Deacons of Bruyckland. 


To his Excellency John lord Lovelace, Baron of Hurley, 
Captn Genii & Qqyv [^ Chief in and over her Mat'^s 
Province of New- York & the Territories depending 
tliereon in America & Vice admiral of tlie same &c 
in Council]. 
The humble Petition of Elders & Deacons of the Dutch 
Reformed Protestant Churches of the towns of Brook- 
land Flatbush & Flatlands in Kings County on the Island 
of Nassaw 

That yor petT according to the Constitucons usages and Cus 
toms of the Dutch reformed Protestant Cliurclies always 
practiced in this Province, did some time after the desease of 
Mr W" Lupardus their late Minister, make applicacon to the 
Classis of Amsterdam to send them another fit person in his 
room, which accordingly sent M^" Vincentius Antonides who 
arrived here on the first of Jan^ 170#. • 


But SO it is may it please your Excellency that M^ Barnardus 
fifreeman being only calld Minister for the Town of N. Utreght 
in the said County has entred upon two of the said Churches 
without any Lawfull call and has continually obstructed their 
said Minister in the Exercise of his function and entirely over- 
turned tlie Government & Discipline of tlie said Churclies to the 
great grief of yo^" Peti"^ & discouragenit of their said Minister. 
Yor Petrs therefore hum])ly Pray yo^" Excy that tlie matter 
aforesaid mostly relating to the Ecclesiasticall Gov^ & 
discipline of the said Dutch Churches may be examined 
into and that yo^ Excell^y would be pleased to that end 
to direct some of her Ma^if^s Councill to be Joyned with 
' the Deputies of the Dutch Cliurclies of this Province by 

yo'^ Excys leave to be assembled to hear the same accord- 
ing to the constitucons aforesaid & report their opinion 
of that affair to yo"" Exc^ to the end they may l^e relieved 
as the Justice of their case may require. 
N:York 21 Jan^ 170f . 

And yo^ Pet" as in Duty bound Shall Ever Pray &c in the 
name & by order of the Elders & Deacons aforesaid 

Joseph Hegewan 
Jeronimus Remsen 



[Counc. Min. X.] 

Att a council held att Fort Anne in New Yorke 
the 27ti' day of Jany 1708-9 
Present his Ex'y John Lord J^ovelace Baron of Hurley etc. 
M^ Van Dai M^ PhiHlps 

M"" Wenham IM>' Peartree 

Ml" Mompesson M'' Prevost Esq""" 

M'' Barberie 
Upon Reading the Peticon of the Elders and Deacons of tlie 
Dutch Petbrmed Protestant Chiu'ches of the towns of BrookJaud 


fflatbusli and Flattlands it is ordered that Mr Van Dam Mf 
Phillips and Mr Prevost taking to their assistance the Minister 
& Elders of the Dutch Church of New York do assemble att 
such convenient times & places as the said M"" Van Dam M^ 
Phillips and M"" Prevost or any two of them shall appoint to 
Examine Inquire into and hear the Pef^ on the subject matter 
of the said Petition as also the said M^ Freeman and all others 
concerned in t1ie said affair & to make their Report on the whole 
to tliis Board. 

And that the Petitioners do serve M"" Freeman with a Copy of 
the said Petition & this Order. 


To his ExceU^y John Lord Lovelace Baron of Hurley Cap* 
Gen" and Governour in chief of the Provinces of New 
York and New Jersey and aU the Territories and Tracts 
of land Depending thereon in America and Vice Admirall: 
of the same &c In Council. 
Tiie Humble Petition of Cornelius Sebrink Anglebert 
Lott and Cornelius Van Brunt for and on tlie behalf 
of themselves and the Major parte of the ffreeholders 
of tlie Dutch Congregations In Kings County on the 
Island Nassaw. 

That M"" Freeman our Minister and yo^ Lordpps Petition"^ 
were lately served with an Order of your Excellency in Council 
grounded upon the Petition of the Pretended Elders and Deacons 
of the Dutch reformed Protestant Church of the Towns of 
Brookland fflatbush and fflat Lauds. That several of the 
allegations' in the said Petition sett forth are misrepresented as 
yo^ said Petitioners can plainly make appeare, If yo'' Lordpp 
would be pleased to give them a hearing thereof. That yo"" 
Excellcys Petitioners are humbly of oppinion thataU Ecclesiastical 
affairs And the Determination of all things relating thereto in this 



Province lies Solely before your Lordpp. That yo"" Petitions have 
had several hearings upon the subject matter of the said Petition 
before the Late Governour Viscount Cornbury where the said Pre- 
tended Elders cpuld never make good tlieir said Alhgations though 
with their utmost Dihgence they have Endeavoured it. That the 
said Order imports that several Gentlemen shall have the hearing 
and Examining thep'misses And report the same to that Honori^'e 
Board which opportunity of setting forth their case yo-" Petitionrs 
should be Glad to Embrace were it not that several Persons 
therein appointed have declared thenselves to be parties against 
yoiu- Petitioners in the matter depending. And tlierefore with 
great submission } o'' Petition's Humbly conceive that they are 
not proper Judges thereof. 

May it therefore please yo^ ExcelP^ of yo^ great Clemency to 
take the p^misses into your wise consideration And since the 
matter seems wholely to ly before yo-^ Lordpp yo^ Petitioners 
humbly pray tliat the said Order may be superceeded And that 
yor Excellcy wo'iild be pleased to appoint a time for hearing yo"" 
Petitioners upon the said subject matter to Avhose wisdom and 
Judgment yo"" Petitioners In all humble manner freely submits 
Themselves. And in duty bound shall ever pray. 


Engelbardt Lott 


At a Council held &c 3^ day of Feby. 1708. 
Present as before except M"^ Van Dam. 

Upon Reading the Petition of M"" Seabring and others on 
Behalf of themselves and the major parte of the ffreeholders of 
the Dutcli Congregation in Kings County &c 

It is Ordered tliat the Petitioners on the afore recited Peticon 
and also the Pefs on the Peticon now read do severally forthwith 
give in the names of Two men to tlie s^ M'" V. dam M'" Phillips 
& Mr Provost or one of them to be assistant to the said M' 
Vandam M'^ Phillips and M'' Prouost in the examinacon of the 


subject matter of the aforesaid Petition who are to act thereon 
Pursuant to the Directions of the aforesaid ord'' of this Board. 
And that the Petitioners on the Pet" now Picad Do serve the 
Petit" 's on the afore recited Peticon witii a Copj of their 
Peti'^n and this ordei. 


Ofifered by Cornelius Seabiing, Ingelbert Lot, and Cornelius Van 
Brunt in behalf of tliemselves and others, Members of ye 
Dutch Churclies of Flatbush, Brookland, and NewUtreclit in 
Kings County on the Island of Nassau (who have hitherto 
adhered to the Interest of Domine Bernardus Freeman, their 
Minister) pursuant to a due authority to them the s^ Seabring, 
Lot, k Van Brunt for that purpose given; for the more perfect 
and eifectuall accommodation of tlie Difilerence between y^ said 
Members, and others, INIembers of y^ s'J Churches wlio have 
hitherto adiiered to the Interest of Domine Vincentius 
Antonides in tlie articles following : 

1 . First, that all differences and Animosities between the s^ 
Members which liave hitherto hapned, be on either side no 
further talked of, but entirely buryed in Oblivion. 

2'J'y. That Domine Bernardus Freeman from, the time the 
agreemt^ intended shall take effect may in all things relating to 
tlie three Du+ch Churches of Flatbusli, BrookJand, and New 
Utrecht, or any other Neighbouring Churclie s, be admitted and 
put into equal State and Condition w'^^ Domine Vincentius 
Antonides (to wit) in Service, in Sallary, in House k Land &, all 
other Proffits. 

3. That in order to put an End to ye Dispute concerning the 
present Consistory of Flatbush & Brookland ; those persons w^ 
M"" Freeman now Deems to be a Consistory, & those persons w^^ 
M*" Antonides now Deems to be a Consistory Do severally Elect 
two Elders & Deacons of each part, in the presence & w"' the 
concurance of one or both Ministers if they both please to 
attend, and that those Eight Elders & Deacons so to be elected, 


shall from thence forth be and remain Elders and Deacons for 
the s^ two Churches of fflat Bush & Brookland for the first 
ensuing year & that at the end of y^ * s^ yeaj* to comence from 
the 8*1 election, half of them shall be removed & four others 
chosen in their stead, and at the end of two years after s^ first 
election, the other half shall be removed, & other four shall be 
chosen in their stead, & so successively every year according to 
ye usuall custom, the said Elections to be made by the votes of 
feoth the s^ Ministers & the Consistory for the time being : and 
that whenever the s*i Ministers shall meet upon any such or 
other Pubhck Service, the one shall preside one time, and y« 
other the next time & so alternately. 

4, That to the time of y® Election of y« s'^ New Consistory, 
so to be made by both parties as aforesaid, each party shall, of 
their own parts respectively bear pay & discharge the 3allary, 
Perquisites, & other things due to ye respective Ministers, viz^ 
Those who have hitherto sided with M^ Freeman shall clear all 
arrears to him: & those who have hitherto sided witl) M*" 
Antonides, all arrears to him. 

New York March 5^^ 1708. Cornelis Seberingh, 

Endorsed " Proposals on the part of Engelbardt Lotte, 

M'^ Freeman's friends. 1708." Cornelis Van Brunt 


Exhibited by the Elders & Deacons of the Dutch Reformed 

Protestant Church of tlie Towns of Brookland, tflatbiish, and 

filatlands on the Island of Nassau, for tlie Reconciling t'le 

■ differences w^ liave of late been amongst the Dutch Churche.f 

on tlie said Island. 

P^ That all parties do consent that M"" Antonides according 
to the rules of the said Church is the duely called Minister of 
Brookland, flatbush & llatlands, and that the Eldei-s & Deacons 
■^ch were lately chosen by M"^ Antonides with the assistance and 
consent of those Elders & Deacons w^'' he formed there at liis 
arrivall are yet still tlie true Elders & Deacons, and that what 


ever has been acted to the contrary by M^ Freeman & others was 
always null & void & is so still ; That therefore the collections 
gathered in the Churches of Brookland & flatbush by the friends 
of M"" Freerman be delivered to the Consistory of M"" Antonides 
to be disposed of according to the rules of the Chui'ch. 

2'Jiy That all parties do t^n wjnt that the Call made for M' 
Freerman by those of New Utrecht does limit liim to the 
Congregation of tliat Town only. 

3*11 y That all parties do consent, that no such lycence, or the 
other orders W^^ the Lord Cornbury has granted to M'^ Freeman 
whereby the Effects of the s^ Churches at his pleasure were to 
be delivered up to M*" Freeman, never were nor yet are of any 
forc« or validity in the Dutch Churches of this Province, but 
Tended to the ruin of the liberty of the said Churches in this 
Country ; That they do allso reject this Position, That all the 
EcclesiasticaU Jurisdiccon of the Dutch Churches in this 
Province is wholly in the Power of the Gov' acording to his 
wiU & pleasure, That yet nevertheless all parties do firmly 
own that the Dutch Churches in this Province are accountable 
to the Gov* for their peaceable & good behaviour in their 
Doctrin, Disciplin, and Church Government ; that is to say, as 
farr as it does consist with the Rules & Constiturons of their 
own nationall Church alwayes enjoyed at NewYork, As well as 
they have the right and Priviledge to be protected by the Civill 
Govt in the free exercise of their Religion according Uj> their 
own Constitution. 

4thiy That all parties consent to subscribe the Cliuj-ch Orders 
of the Classis of Amsterdam, k those practiced on tlie Island of 
Nassauw not being contradictory thereto, & that in case any 
matter in difference cannot be decided amongst themselves the 
same be referred to the other Dutch CI lurches of tins Province 
& if not by them decided t'le same to be submitted to the 
Classis of Amsterdam, whose decision is to be binding. 

5'ii'y That all parties reject the expression made by Mr. 
Freerman at a certain time, viz* that when the Church Ordei*s 
were for his advantadge he observed them, but if they were 
against him he went round about the same, & could ti'ead them 
under his feet. 


gthiy That then M"" Freeman shall be in a condicon to be 
called to those congregacons on the s^ Island where he is not 
yet called according to the rnles of the Cliurch, and s-all be 
called accordingly, Provided M' Freerman's IVieiids do first find 
out sufficient means thereto and a dwelling lionse and O.o per- 
swade the Congregacons aforesaid to desire the Consibtory to 
call him in an Ecclesiasticall manner. 

7^''iy To the end there may be a perfect peace in all the 
Dutch Churches on the said Island all parties, .together with tlie 
freinds of M Freerman at Jamaica are to consent that tlie Elders 
& Deacons that w'ere there when ]\I'" Du Bois preached there the 
last time are yet the true Elders and Deacons k that then both 
Ministers may be called there. 

gthiy That all parties consent that these articles being inter- 
changeably signed be read to the respective Congregations from 
the Pulpit & and authentiq copies thereof sent to the other Dutch 
Churches in this Province to be by them kept & that notice 
hereof be given to the Classis of Amsterdam w ith the request 
of both parties for their approbacon. 

Lastly. If Ml" Freerman & his friends should not be pleased 
to consent to the above articles that then Cap" Joannes De' 
Peyster be desired to produce the resolucon of the Classis of 
Amsterdam, whereby Peace is said to be recommended according 
to the order of the said Classis, as M^ Freerman intimates in his 
letter without date to M"" Antonides that Capt. De Peyster 
aforesaid had shewn the same to him, together with the means' 
to attain sncli a Peace. 

New-York 4^^ March 170f. 

By order of tlie said Elders and Deacons, 

Abrah: Gouverneur, 
Joseph Hegeman, 
Gekonemis Kemsen, 



" Proposals on the part of M'" Antonides's 
friends. 17U8." 



To the Right Hon^'e Rich^i Ingoldesby Esq' her Ma* ■* 
Lieut Gov & Comand'" iu Chief of the Provinces of 
New-York & New Jersey and the hon^ Councill of 
• the same: 
The Petition of Joseph Hegeman Peter Nevius & Jeronimus 
Remsen in tlie behalf of the Elders & Deacons of the 
_ Dutch Reformed Protestants Churclies of the towns of 
iBatbush liatlands & brookland, 
Humbly Sheweth, 

That yo'' Pet « did in the time of the late Lord Lovelace 
petition liis Ex'^y & Councill against sundry Iregularitys coraitted 
in their Churches by M^" Bernardus freerman: 

That his E\y & Councill were pleased to referr the Exami- 
con thereof unto three of the members of this board to take ye 
same in tlie p^sence of sundry other Gent". 

That the said Gent" have long since finished the said Exinacon 
but by reason of the other emergent alfairs of this Province no 
report has as yet been made thereof. 

Yo^ Pef^s therefore humbly pray that for the p''veuting of 
farther disputes & and settling tlie peace of tlie County where 
those Churches are tlie said members of the ^Councill may be 
ordered with all speed to make their report on that affair to this 
honi^i® board. 

And yor Pet^^ as in duty bound shall ever pray 
By their order, 
New York S^h Sept. 1709. 




Att a Councill held at New York 
this 8th day of Sep^ 1709 
Present, The Honobie Rich^i Ingoldesby Esq^ Liv^ Gov^ 
Collo Beekman M^' Monipesson 

M-^ Van Dam M"" Philhpse 

Collo Wenliam Cap^ Provost, 

Upon Re<id ye Petition of Joseph Hegeman Peter Nayius & 
Jeronimus Remsen in the behalf of y® Elders & Deacons of y« 
Dutch Reformed Protestant Churches of y*^ Towns of fflat Bush 
fflatlands and Brookland Praying y^ Comittee appointed for 
examining into the disputes concerning M^ Antonides and M' 
Freeman on the Cliurches aforesaid may make their report thereof 
to this Board. 

It is ordered y* they proceed thereon according to y^ said 


To the Hon''ie Richard Ingoldsbey Esq' Liev' Govern'" & 
Coiaand'" in chiefe of the provinces of New York New 
Jersey &c. 
The most humble petition of Dorus polhemus John Hansen 
Clu-istiuii Snedecore & Ju" Snedecore Elders of the Dutch 
Congregation in Queens County. 

Whereas M' Freeman by orders from our late Governor the 
Lord Cornbury was to be Minister of tliis Congregation — and 
none els : which also was confirmed by the Lord Lovelace 
according to wliich we your Hon" petitioners were chosen & 
Constituted Elders of ye Churcli & now continue to be so. 

Nev«a-theless M"" Antonides being very well apprized hereot 
but minding to make a Division & Disturbance m the Cliurch 


here (as we are told he has done in Kings County) has lately (as 
we are informed) Taken upon himself* in concert witli some few 
others to make choise of other Elders of the said Congregation 
& does design to pubhsh them as such at the Church or meeting 
hous at Jamaica to morrow & also then to preach to the said 
Congregation, for tlie doing of which (as we humbly conceive) 
he has no manner of power or authority from your hon^'. Wee 
therefore liumbly pray for y« preventing of the ill consequences 
which such practices by him will inevitably produce tliat yo'' 
Hon!" will be pleased as has been usual to order tiiat no Dutch 
Minister shall preach or Exercise liis Ministerial flfunction in 
this County besides M"' ffreeman till further orders from yo^ Hon"" 
& yo'' Hon" petitioners shall ever pray &c. 

Theodorus Polhemus 
Jno HB Hansen 
Jan Snedeker 
19 7ber 1709 


To the Hon^i* Collonel Richard Ingoldesby Governor and 
Commander in Chief of Her Majesties Provinces of 
N York and New Jersey & of all y^ Territories and 
Tracts of Land depending thereon in America Vice 
AdmiraU of yc same &ca. 
The humble petition of CorneUus Sebring & Cornelius Van 
Brunt in behalf of themselves and others of y^ Dutch Con- 
gregation in Kings County on y^ Island of Nassau, 

That notwithstanding your Honors order (dated on the 14tii 
day of this instant September) directed to M'^ Vincentus 
Antonides not to confirm Elders and Deacons chosen by him in 
any of ye townes of flatt Bush New Vtrecht Bruykland, & 
Buswick, but soe it is may it please your Hon^ That contrary to 
yr Order and in contempt thereof he ye said M*" Antonides hath 


already confirmed two Elders and one Deacon in y® Towne of 

Bruykland on Sunday last being ye 18^^ Instant, and your Pet'"* 

are informed that he Designes to-morrow to tonfirm them att 

fflatt Bush, to y** great disturbance of Her Majesties Leigh 

Subjects of ye said county, 

Yi" Hon s Petitioners Therefore Humbly Pray you wall be 

pleased to Grant some speedy Order directed to y^ 

Justices of y'' Peace to Prevent y« mischiefs tliat may 

attend such irregular Proceedings, or otherwise as in 

your great wisdome shall seem meet. And y'' Pet^s shall 

Pray &c. 


CoRNELis Van Brunt. 
N York Sept 24'h 1709. 
Both the above Petitions Read in Councill 6th Ocf 1709. 


Peter Hering of full age being duely sworn on the Holy 
Evangelists of Almighty Goddeposeth and saithThat du Sunday 
tlie 18"' day of September One Thousand Seven hundred and 
nine he being then at the Dutch Church in Brn\ klandt upon 
Long Island with one Abraham Kettletas & several others, where 
he this deponent did see and hear M^ Antonides a Dutch 
minister confirm two Elders & one Deacon or one Elder and 
two Deacons of the Dutch Congregation of the s'* Bruycklandt, 
and further this deponent saitli not. 


New- York Septr 24 1'' 1709. 
Sworn before me, 

Ebenezer Willson Mayor 



To the Honoble Richard Ingoldesby Esq"" Liv* Goyr and 
Commander in Cliief of the Provinces of New-York 
New Jersey &c and Council] 

In obedience to a Referrcnce of liis late Exy'*' John Lord 
Lovelace &c. in Councill now confirmed by your Honour in 
Councill we have inquired into Examined and heard the Elders 
and Deacons of y^ Dutch Keformed Protestant Churches of tlie 
Towns of Brookland fflatbush & fflatlands in Kings County on 
their Petition to his s^ Ex'y in Councill as also Cornelius 
Sebruigh Anglebert Lott and Cornelius Van Brunt for and on 
the belialf of themselves and the major part of the ffreeholders 
of the Dutch Congregations In Kings County on the Island 
Nassau on their petition to his said Ex'y in Councill and find by 
the Books papers Evidences and Examinations before us laid 
& taken tliat M"" Antonides is duely and Regularly called 
minister of the said Towns of Brookland fflatbush & fflatlands 
according to the Discipline practice and Constitution of the 
Dutch Churclies of the Towns afores-^ and M^" ffreeman is 
Duely called Minister of New Utreclit on the said Island, and 
we believe is likewise iMinister of Bushwick tlio it has not been 
proved before us. 

We are 

Your honours most obedient 
New- York IS^h Sepf 1709. humble servants 

Rip Van Daji 
A. D. Philipse 
j v. cortlandt 
Leendert huygen de kley 



To The Honourable Coloi Richard Ingoldsby Lieutenant 
Goyr & Comander in chief in & over her majesties 
Provinces of New York & New Jersey & Vice Admiral! 
of the same in Councill. 

In obedience to an order of this board formerly made whereby 
wee the Subscribers & others were appointed to Examine & 
Inquire into and heare the Petion of the Elders & Deacons of 
the Dutch Reformed Churches of Breuk Land Flatbush & New 
Utreght in behalfe of IVP antonides on the subject lAatter of the 
said Petition as also M^" Freeman and others Concerned in the 
said affaire & to make report thereof to tins board wee the 
Subscribers conceiving it our duty, do most humbly certify & 
Report this our opinion Viz*: that the said M"" Freeman is Justly 
& Legally Called & Entitled to the ministry of the said Churches 
of Breuk Land Flatbush New Utreght and Boswyck and that 
the said M"" Antonides is not Legally called thereto for the 
Reasons Following 

First that the Persons whoe pretend to haue Called M'' 
Antonides were not at that time the Elders & Deacons of the 
said Churches according to y« Rules & Methods p»"scribed by the 
Sinod of Dort for the Governm*: of the Dutch Reformed 
Churches, they liaving Continued as Such Some thi-ee years. 
Some four years, whereas by the Constitution of the said Sinod 
they could haue continued but two years 

Secondly, that the call on which M"" Antonides came over is 
Expressed to bee made by a Generall towne meeting (wliicl; 
apears to haue been the usuaU way in Such Casses) and that 
apears utterly false by the Examinations, for that the pretended 
authority for making that call apears not to be given in a public^ 
meeting, but to be obtained Privatly &" Clandestinely by 
Procuring Subscriptions in Going from house to house & there 
ushig false Lisinuations concerning IVP" Freeman. 

Thirdly that tlie said pretended call mentions the having 
obtained the Gov^^ License, & aprobation for making the said' 
call, AViiereas it appears by the oath of the Lord Cornbuiy then 


Gov'" & tliire own confession that the Lord Corubiirj, did not 
give any License, to make that call, 

Fourthly that on the contrary it apears that M"" Freeman 
was called by a generall Towne Meeting Publiqly assembled (as 
has'alwaies been Customary) for which the Express License & 
aprobation of the Lord Cornbury then Governour had bein first 

FiFTLY that the having a License from the Gov^ was Esteemed 
necessary even by M"^ Antonides himselfe & tliose that sided 
with Mm, Since both he & they frequently aplyed to obtain Sucli 
a License ; as appears by Seaverall letters to the Late Lady 
Cornbury, & M''^ Peartree, under tlie hand of the said Antonides 
& of the Said pretended Elders for the truth of which wee the 
Subscribers refer our Selves to the Examinations & the 
Respective papers produced at the taking thereof— Eut not- 
withstanding the right w^ee Conceive the said M"" Freeman has 
to the said Churches, Yet as M»' Freeman and those of his side 
haue out of a Christian Principle for pease Sake & to avoid all 
further Differences in the Said Churches offered to Devide Equally 
the pains & profit of the Said Churches, Wee humbly Conceive 
those Measures most reasonably & Conducieve to the Entire Recon- 
ciliation of both ministers and Partyes, this wee offered before, 
to the other Gentlemen of the Comitee as being agreable to the 
Opinion of the Classis of Amsterdam Signified by tliire Letters 
to that Purpose. 

All which matters aboue mentioned are nevertheless with 
Humility Submitted to Your Honours' Prudent Consideration & 
Decision by 

Your Honours most obedient 

Most humble Sarv*^ 
D: Provoost 
A. D. Peyster 
Jo D: Peyster 
Read in Council 6"! Oct. 1709. 

Vol. III. 11 



Min. X.] 

Att a Coimcill lield in New Yorke 

this 20tii day of Octob 1709 

Present the Hon^ie Richard Ingoldesby Esq' Liv* Governour 
M"" Beekman M"^ Barberie 

Mr Van Dam M^* Phillipse 

M' Mompessom , Coll Peartree 

M** Phillips having desired to be heard & it being Granted he 
said — 

In the dispute between the Dutch Ministers on Long Island 
there has been a Reference and thereon two Reports have been 
made to this Board ; One by M*" Van Dam and three others, the 
other afterwards by Capt Provost and two others to all whom 
it was referred and then he Proposed the Question whether two 
Reports on one & the same Referrence ought to be made or ever 
has been made. 

M*" Beekman M^ Mompessom M^ Barberie & Coll^ Peartree 
are of opinion y* the Report of the Majority has been always 
made and not two reports on one and the same referrence. 

Then M^ Phillipse moved that the Report of M^ Van Dam and 
others being that of the majority may continue on the file and 
the other taken of 

M"^ Beekman M^" Mompessom M^ Barberie & Coll^ Peartree 
being for the motion 

It is ordered that the Report of y® s^ AP Van Dam & others 
remain on y® file & and the other of Capt Provost and others be 
taken of the fiel. 



To the Honbie Richard Ingoldesby Esq^ Liev^ Gov & 
Comand'' in Cheif of the Provinces of New York & New 
Jersey &c. and the hon^ie Council of the Province of 
New York. 
The Humble Peti^on of the Elders & Deacons of the Dutch 
reformed Protestant Churches of the To^vns of Brookland 
flatbush k flatlands in Kings County 

That whereas on some differences in the said Towns relating 
to & concerning who was the Minister of s*^ Towns application 
has heretofore been made to this board and sundry Gen* of this 
board & others have been directed to examine that matter & 
make report thereof which they have accordingly done whereby 
it appears that M^" Vincentius Antonides is duely called Minister 
of the said Towns to the said Congrega^ons as by tlie said report 
remaining on the file relacon being thereto had may more fully 
and at large appear. 

Your Pefs therefore humbly Pray that the said report may be 
approved in CouncUl Sf that yo^ hono*"^ will be pleased to declare 
that the s^ M^ Antonides ought accordingly to exercise his 
function as Dutch Minister to the said Congregacons, and 
yo^ Pet^s shall' ever Pray 

In their names & by their order, 

Jeronimus Remsen. 
N. York 22d Octob 1709. 



To the Hononrable Co^i Richard Ingoldsby Lieutenant 
Gov & Comander in cliief of the Provinces of New- 
York & New Jersey & Vice Admiral of the same. 
The Humble Petition of Cornelius Seabring & Cornehus 
Van Brunt in behalf of themselves and others Members 
of tne Dutch Churches of fflatbush Drookland k New 

That liis late Excellency John Lord Lovelace late Governour 
of this Province deed having in his lifetime referred the 
Examination of the subject matter of a certain Petition signed 
by Joseph Heggeman Jeronimus Ramsen & Peter Nevius in 
behalf of Domine Vincentius Antonides ; & of another certain 
Petition signed by your present Petitioners in Behalf of themselves 
and others as above and also in behalf of Domine Bernardus 
Freeman their Minister ; to divers persons for them to make 
their report to his said late EKcellency; but the said Lord 
Lovelace dying before the s^ Report -was perfected, the said 
referees according to order ; have since made their report to your 
Honour, in two Different manners, as your Petitioners are 
informed but your Honour having not as yet made any decisive 
order thereon as your : Pet^er can learn 

Your Petitioners most humbly Pray yoiu: Honom* would be 
pleased to declare your Decision of tlie Matters thus so fidly 
Examined into by the s^ Referees that the same being Signified 
to the respective parties concerned may put an end to tlie 
Differences which have so long depended between them. 
And tliey will Pray &c 


CoRNELis Van Brunt 
Read 27th Octr 1709. 



The preceding petitions having been read the Lev^ Gov'' was 
pleased to make the following order in hec verba : 

A Reference haveing been made by the Late Lord Lovelace 
to certain persons to inquire into y^ causes of the Diflferences 
that have happened between M^ ffreeman and M^ Antonides 
with relation to y^ Churches in Kings County & y^ said persons 
haveing made two several! reports to y« Honoble CoU^ 
Ingoldesby Liv* Govr of this Colony. 

His Honour haveing Considered the said Report and • the 
Matters therein contained does think fitt to order & direct and 
does hereby order & direct that from this time forward M'" Free- 
man and M"" Antonides shall preach at all ye s^ Churches in 
Kings County alternately and divide all y« Profitts Equally 
share and share alike and to avoid all further dispuets between 
the said Ministers M^ ffreeman shall preach next Sunday at 
Flattbush & y^ Sunday following M'" Antonides shall preach att 
Flattbush and so on in tlie other Churches turn by turn if 
.Either of them refuses to Comply with this Order to be 

Whereuppon M"" Philipse moved y* the oppinions of ye Gen- 
tlemen of this Board with relation to ye same matter may be 
Entered which follow 

M'" Phillipse 

That y^ Report made in favour of M'" Antonides ought to be 
C5onflrmed that he ought to discharge his function without any 
Interrupson pursuant to the 53 article of her Majesties Instruc- 
tions to my Lord Lovelace ' 

M"^ Bafberie of y^ same opinion. 

Coll" Peartree of ye same oppinion. 

M"" Van Dam of y® same opinion. 

Capt Provost. 

That the Determination of the Liu* Goveniour is very 
Reasonable and ought to be complye^l w'^ 

1 Art. 53. You are to Permitt a Liberty of Conscience to aU Persons (Except 
Papists) so they be contented with a Quiett and Peaceable enjoyment of the 
same not giving any offence or scandal to the GoveTament.—Instructioas to Ld. 


M'" Beekman 
being a party Concerned Desires to be excused from giveing his 
oppimon [Coun. Mm.] 


To the Hon^ie Richard Ingoldesby Esq^ Liey Govr & 
Command'" in Cliief of the Provinces of N. York k 
New Jersey & the Honble CounciU of the Province of 
New York. 
The humble Peticon of Vincentius Antonides Minister of tue 
•Dutch Reformed Protestant Churches of Brookland 
fflatbush and fflatlands on the Island of Nassau 

That yor Pet^ having been served with and Order froin his 
honour dated the 27 Octob^ 1709 And to the end that he may 
not be wanting in his duty to God his said Churches nor give 
any Just cauSe to incur his honours displeasure, he liunibly 
beggs leave to Represent that he cannot comply with the said 
Order unless he breaks tliro' the Rules & Discipline of the 
Dutch Reformed Protestant Churches the Constitucon whereof 
not admitting any minister to assume a right to any Cliurch but 
where he is Regularly called to, whicli the said order seems to 

You'^ Pef therefore humbly Prays that yo"^ Honor and this 
board wiU Protect yo"" Pet^ in the due & peaceful 
Exercise of his ministeriall function in tlie said 
Churches where he has been regularly called unto 
and as his Predecessors in the said Churches iiave 
enjoyed. And yo"" Pef as in Duty bound shall ever 
Pray &c. 

Signed Vincentius Antonides. 

Read 11 Nov. 1709. 



To the Honble Richard Ingoldesby Esqr Liev* GoV^ & 
Commaudr in chief of the Provinces of New York k 
New Jersey &c and the honble Council! of the Province 
of New York — 
The humble Peticon of Vicentius Antonides minister of the 
Dutch Reformed Protestant Churches of brookland, fflathush, 
and fflatlands on the Island of Nassau, 

That whereas yo^ Pef took the freedom to prsent to 
the honble the Liev' Gov*" k tliis honble board an humble 
Peticon bearing date sometime in the beginning of Novemb^ 
last past a copy whereof is hereunto amiexed. And for as much 
as yor Pef has not had the honour to know the result thereon, 
and that he is inclinable to observe the Rules of decency & 
order cenformable to his profession 

He therefore humbly prays that yo^ honnouis will be pleased 
to grant to yo^ Pef the prayer of Ms said Peticon. 
And yo^" Pef as in Duty bound shall Pray, &c. 

V. Antonides 
New York 8'h febMTO A. 


In Council 15 Feb. 1709. Upon Reading ye Petition of M'' 
Antonides reciting another Petition formerly presented a Copy 
whereof is to this Petition annexted & referring thereto that the 
prayer thereof may be granted the liiv* Gov said he had ah-eady 
Determined the Matter yt he will hear nothing further tliereon. 



To the Honble Gerardus Beekman Esq^ President and tlie 

rest of her maties Council! of the Province of New 

york &;c. 

The humble Peticon of Vinccntius Antonides minister of tho 

Dutch Reformed Protestant Churches of the towns of flatbush 

flatlands & Brookland on the Island of Nassauw in Kings County. 


That whereas upon a difference in the said County a reference 
was had and matters Examined by a Comittee of this board & 
others relating to yC" Pefs right to the said Churches & upon y« 
report of the said Comittee being returned to this board whereby 
it appears that yo*" Pef^ was duly called minister to the said 
Churches but hitherto could not obtain a Confirmation of the 
said report nor Proteccon in the due Exercise of his functions 
there but to y^ Contrary has been forbid to preach in the said 
County to the great grief & dammage of yo^ Pet^ 

He therefore humbly prays that the said report may be 
Confirmed & he protected in the Exercise of his duty without 
molestacon in the like manner as his predecessors in tlie said 
Churches have enjoyed 

And yo^ Pet^ as in Duty bound 

shall ever pray &c 

V. Antonides 
New Yorke 

April 12th 1710. 


To the Honble Gerardus Beekman Esq*" President and the 
rest of her maties Council! of the Province of New 
York &c. 
The humble Petition of the Justices of the Peace k high 
Slierif of Kings County on the Island of Nassauw — 

papers relating to kings county. 169 


That for some years past there hath been a great difference in 
tiie said County concerning the right of the ministerial! function 
■■ of tlie Dutcli Reformed Protestant Churches of flatbush flatlands 
& Brookiand which M^" Antonides claimed as being thereunto 
called by the Consistory of the said Towns & M^" Freeman 
pretended to by a Ly cense from some of the former Gov^s of this 
Province; that the said difference hath been examined by a 
Comittee of this board & others & by a Report from the major 
part thereof remaining of record it was found that M"" Antonides 
was duely called minister of the said Chui'ches according to 
their Constitucon, the Confirmacon of which they humbly 
conceive would have entirely ended the said difference but in 
stead thereof yo^ Pet" find that contrary to the same the late 
Liev' Govr by his orders dated the EUeaventh of Octobr last has 
not only entirely given away the said Churches to M^ Freeman 
but aUso has forbidd M^^ Antonides to preach in the said Count)^ 
& by what Law yo^ Pet" are yet ignorant of comanded yo"* Pefs 
to be aiding & assisting to the said M^ fii-eeman to the prejudice 
of the said M"" Antonides and the ancient rights of the s^ 
Churches & the hasarding the peace & tranquility of the said 

Yor Pefs therefore humbly pray Yo^ hon^s to take that matter 
into your Serious Consideracons & give such & the Uke Proteccon 
& countenance to the Dutcli Protestant Reformed minister 
regularly called according to tlieir Constitucon to any Churches 
in the said County as their respective predecessors before the s*^ 
difference have always enjoyed & of right to them belongs — 

And Yo"" Pet^s as in Duty bound shall ever pray &c, 
in the name & by their order 

Joseph Hegeman 


Gerret Stoothoff 
New Yorke IT^b Aprill 



[Council Mia. X.] 

Att a Council held att the City Hall of 

y« City of New York tliis 18^^ day of ApriU 1710. 

Present the Hono^ie Gerardus Beekman, President 

Rip Van Dam \V™ Peartree 

John Barberie David Provost 

Adolph PhilLipse 

Upon the said [preceding] two Petitions & after a Debate 
thereon it Avas put to y« vote and ordered that every Member 
declare and enter tliere opinions thereon which is as follows to 

Maj>^ Provost. That these matters and these petitions ought 
not to be meddled with till Col. Hunter arrives 

Coll Peartree. That M^ Antonides ought to have Libertie 
to Preach to the People that called him 

M'" Phillipse. That the report of y^ Major Part of y^ Councill 
to whom the matter was referred dated 14*!! T^r Last ought to be 
confirmed and M'" Antonides protected in ye free exercise of his 
ministerial Function of y® s*^ Towns accordingly and that all 
Persons may be ordered to take notice thereof and M"" Antonides 
& Freeman Recommended to Dispose as much as in lliem Lyes 
their Respective consistorys so as that each of them m«^y he 
called by them to stich Cnurciies as tiiey are not yett duely 
called unto. 

M"" Earberie, of ye same oppinion 

M^ Van Dam, of y° same opinion 

M"" Beeckman, w^hereas there is a Governor expected every 
Day is therefore of opinion that y"- is more proper for liim to Lett 
tlie Report & Petiti.:>ns Remain as tliey are till Collo Hunter 

Upon collecting the opinions ordered yt th.e said Report be 
confirmed M'" Antonides protected in the li-ee exercise of liis 
Ministeriall Function in the said Townes and all persons to take 
notice thereof accordingly and ye said M"" Antonides & M"^ Free- 


man Recommeuded to Persuade & Dispose (as mucli as in tliem 
Lyes) their consistory's Respectively so as y' each of tliem may 
be called to such Chui'Ciies as they are notyettduely called unto. 


To the Horioble the President & ptliers the Members of Her 

Maties Council for the Province of New-York. 

The humble petiQon of Daniel Remsen & Cornelius Sebring 

Members of the Dutch reformed cliurches of Flatbush 

& Brookland in Kings County in behalf of themselves 

& of most part of the Inhabitants of the said County. 


That yo^ pefs having been informed y tiiere has lately been 
made an order by this Board relating to the Ministers of ye 
Dutch reformed Churches of said Kings County, w^ tends much 
to y« prejudice of Domine Bernardus Freeman minister of y<-' 
said Churches of Flatbush & Brookland (of a\c1i said Churches 
the said Domine Freeman has for soinetime past been in fiijl 
peaceiiblc possession) & to y^ disquiet & injury of yo^" peti"» k 
yt ye gd order was made without any notice given to y*^ said 
Domine Freeman or any other on his behalf whereby they miglit 
have be^sn heard before y« passing said order. 

Now forasmuch as y^ s^ ord"" doth very much alter tlie 
Regulation lately made by his Hon"" Col. Ingoldesby late Liev' 
OoV touching ye s^ Clmrches. 

Yo«" pet" humbl}- pray ye matters concerning y° s<^ Churches 
may continue as tliey were upon the Regulation above mentioned 
imtill ye arrivall of Col. Robert Hunter wlio is daily expected 
as Gov of this Province. 

And yo^* pefs &c. 

Daniei- Remsen 


27 April 1710 



In Council, 27 April 1710. 

Upon Reading the above Petition tlie Counctl gave their 
opinions as follows 

Major Prevost. That the Petition be granted 

Coll. l^ARETREE. That Ml. Antonides ouglit to Preacli to ye 
People that called him 

M'" Phillipse. That ye last Order of this Board be confii-med 

M^ Barberie. Of ye same opinion 

Collo Heathcote. Of y^ same opinion 

M'" Van Dam. Of y^ same opinion 

M'^ President. For Peace & quietness y' M^ Freeman sh<^ 
have ye Priviledge to preach at Plattbush & Brooklond till Col. 
Hunter arrives or till a further agreement [Counc. Min.J 


To tlie Honble Gerardus Beekman Esq^" President and 
the rest of her Maties Councill of the Province of 
The humble Peticon of V incentius Antonides Minister and the 
Elders & Beacons of the Protestant reformed Dutch Churches 
of the Towns of fflatbush fflatlands & brookland in Kings 
County on the Island Nassauw. 

That by an order of this honble board dated tlie 18'^ of Apnll 
la^t past the said Minister was without disturbance to Exercise 
Ids ministerial! function in the said Towns whereto he was 
'regularly called with tlie same Proteccon as his p dccessors in 
the said Churches had had & enjoyed. 

But so it is may it please yo^ honors that M^ barnhardus 
ffi-ccman minister of the Town of N. Utrecht well knowing tlie 
said ordcTj but not regarding the Peace of tlie said Churclies has 


surreptitiously obtained an order from the hon^ie prsident of 
tliis board dated the fiftli June Instant wliereby he is alterna- 
tively to preacli witli the said M^ Antonides in the Cliurclies of 
fflatbush & brookland as by a copy thereof here\Yith dehvered 
may at large appear. 

By virtue whereof the said M^ freeman did prcacli the last 
Sunday in the Church of llatbush finding means to open the said 
Church without tlie consent of the Consistory All which 
yo^ Pef conceives to be in derogacon of the former recited order 
and to the manyfest Injury of Yo"" Pet^^ 

They therefore humbly Pray that the said last mentioned 
order may be recalled & yo? Pet^'^ left in the possession of their 
just rights & be protected accordingly. And yo"" Pefs as in 
Duty bound shall ever Pray 

in their names & by their order 

Joseph hegemaks. 

New-York 1 2^ June 1710. 


[Cbunc. Min. X. ] 

Present the Hono^^^ Gerardus Beecliman 
M"" Van Dam M-^ Philipse 

Coll Renselaer Coll Peartree 

M"^ Barberie 
The Council moved the Prsident to grant the Prayer of tlie 
Petition, but he not doing it they declared they would not meet 
in Councill till it was done telling the Prsident, if he could do 
what he had done as aforesaid without them, he might do all 
other acts of Government without them, and that then they saw 
no buisness they had to Convene in Councill. 
And thereupon the Conncill broke ud. 





I am in expectation of a complaint coming to his Excellency 
by Coll. Beeckman against me, and that his Excellency may be 
rigiitly informed of the matter, my humble request to you is, 
that if such a thing happen, be pleased to give liis Excellency 
an account thereof wliich is as foEows : A fiViday night last, tlie 
Justices of the County and I came from Ins Excellency's ; Coll. 
Beeckman happened to come over, in tlie iferry boat along with 
us, and as we came over the fferry, Coll. Beeckman and we 
went into the Iferry house to drink a glass of wine, and being 
soe in company, there happened a dispute between Coll. 
Beeckman and myself, about liis particular order that he lately 
made to M^ ffrceman, when he was President of the Council!, 
without the consent of t]ie Councill : Coll. Beeckman stood to 
affirm there, before most of the Justices of Kings County, that 
said order, that he made then to M^- ffreeman as President only 
was still in force and that M^ ffreeman should preach at Broockland 
next Slmday according to that order : whereupon I said it was 
not in fforce, but void and of noe effect, and lie had not in this 
County, any more power now than I have, being equall in 
commission with Mm in the general commission of the peace 
and one of the quorum as w^ell as he ; upon which he gave me 
affronting words, giving me the lie and calling me pittifull fellow, 
dog, rogue, rascall, &c., which caused me, being overcome with 
passion, to tell hioi that I had a good mind to knock him off his 
horse, we being botli at tliat time getting upon our horses to goe 
home, but that I would not goe, I would fight him at any time 
with a sword. I could wish that tlicse last words had been kept 
in, and I am troubled that I was soe overcome with passion and 
inflamed with wine. The works of these Dutch ministers is the 
occasion of all our quarrells. And this is the truth of the 
matter, there was no blows offerred, nor noe more done. M' 
ffreeman has preached at Broockland yesterday accordingly, and 
the Church doore was broke open, by whom it is not yet 


knowne. See I beg yoiu- pardon ITor this trouble, crave your 
favour in this matter, and shall always remaine, 

Sir, your ffaitliful and humble servant, 

H. Ffilkin 
[June 1710] 


New York 15th Sept' 1710 

The Controversy between Mr ffreeman and Mr Antonides 
concerning the Churches in your County looking now with a 
fairer aspect towards a Reconciliation then hitherto they have ; 
to the end that nothing may be done to impede so good a w^ork, 
I desire you to permit M^ ffreeman and M'" Antonides to preach 
to-morrow in the Respective Churches wlierein in Course it. is 
their Turn to preach and that no molestation be given to either 
of them therein, having good hopes that before tlie next Sunday 
every tiling i.vill be so disposed that this unhappy dispute will 
be accommodated to the Satisfaction of both those Gentlemen, 
and to the general! approbation of all their Congregations, 
whereby their present divisions may be healed, and the 
disagreing party s united into one mind. And that no 
misinterpretations may be made hereof on either hand, I desire 
you to let each party and their respective Congregations know 
that I am so farr from determining any one point in dispute 
that the Right of either of them is as entirely reserved to them 
as it was before and that after to morrow no further use be 
made hereof. 

I desire you to tell M^ Antonides and M"" ffreeman that I 
would speak wuth them here on Monday next. 
I am Sincerely 


Your very humble Serv' 

Ro. Hunter 



[ Counc. Min. X. ] 

At A Councill held at ffort Anne in 
New-York y^ 1T^ Day of November 1710. 
Present His Excellency Robert Hunter, Esq^ 
Coll DePeyster M'' Van Dam 

Doctor Staats M^ Mompessom 

Capt Walter Mr Phillipse. 

His Excellency acquainted this Board that the Dispute 
Betweene M"" Antonides & M'" ffreeman Concerning their calls 
to some Churches in JOngs County, Notwithstanding all ye pro- 
posalls made to*them by him for an Accomodation still Continues 
to ye Great disturbance of y^ Peace of y^ said County and those 
proposalls not being consented to His Excellencey desired ye 
Opinions of tliis Board what they Judge proper to be done 

It is ye opinion of Every member of this Board (Except Coll. 
D'Peyster) that y® Order made in Councill in this matter y® l^^'^ 
of Aprill last be Confirmed Whereby M"" Antonides was to be 
protected in the flfree Exercise of his Ministerial! ffuuction in 
tlie Towns of fflat-Bush fSatlands and Brookland and that all 
persons were to take notice thereof accordingly and that M^ 
Antonides and M^" ffreemen were recommended to persuade and 
dispose (as much as in them lay) their Consistories respectively 
soe as that each of them may be called to sucli churches as they 
are not yet duely called unto 

Whereupon It is ordered that the said Order be and it is 
hereby confirmed till His ExceUencey's pleasure be fui-ther 
knowne and all partyes Concerned are to take Notice hereof and 
Governe themselves accordingly. 



At a Council held at ffort Anne in 
New-York this 30ti' day of ApriU 1711. 
Present, as before. 

Whereas this Board is Informed tliat M"^ flfreeman has lately 
Preached in the Churches of Kings County to which M"" Antonides 
is called and that many violent proceedings are taken to the 
Great Disturbance of the Pubhck peace of the said Churches and 
County a]id in Derogation of the order of this Board of the >21^ 
November last, And 

Whereas this Board lias been Informed by a minute under 
the hand of tlie clerk of fflatbush that the said Towne have 
lately Elected Church Masters after a New and unprecedented 
manner whicli may Introduce other New and pernicious 
Practices and effects 

Whereupon It is ordered that the said order of this Board be 
confirmed and that M^" fltreeman doe not presume to preach in 
any of the Churches to which M"* Antonides is called, and that 
none of the said Clmrch Masters soe Newdy Elected presume to 
Intermedle in the affaires of the said church or in any Lands 
houses or other effects thereto belonghig And all her Majesties 
Justices of the Peace of the said County and persons Concerned 
are to take Notice hereof and Governe themselves accordingly. 


To Ills Excellency Egbert Hunter Esq"^ Capti^ Gen^i & 

Gov^' in Chief in and over her Mati«3 Province of New 

York &c &c &c. 

The humble Peticon of Vincentius Antonides Minister of 

the Reformed Protestant Dutch Churches of Flatbush 

Brookland & flatlands in Kings County on the Island of 

Nassau in the Province of New York Joannes Cornel 

Rynier Aarsen, & Henry Filkin Elders of the said Chui-ch 

Vol. in. 12 


at Flatbush Benjamin Hegeraan Cornells Cornel & Jan 
Bennet Deacons thereof- -Michiel Hansen Jan Dorlaut & 
Cornells Van Duyn Elders of the said Church at Brook- 
land Nicolas Van Dyk Isaak Remse & Jan Rapalie Deacons 
thereof, Jan alberts ter heunen Lucas Stevense H Gerrit 
Stoothof Elders cf the said Church in Flatlands, Harman 
Hooglant Alexander Simson & Jan Amermau Deacons of 
the same. 
Most Humbly Sheweth, 

That for many years last past at the charge of sundry of the 
Inhabitants of the said Towns & of other Pious persons there 
hath been erected in each of the said Towns a Chui-ch for the 
Publicq worship of Almighty God and othiCr Divine Service to 
be celebrated therein after the manner of the Dutcli nationall 
Churches of the Provinces of the United Netiierlands acording 
to their Profession and Disciphne Established by the nationall 
Synod of Dort held in the year 1618 & 1619 which said three 
Churches since the settlement have always Joyned together iu 
the calling & paying of one Minister for them all. 

And whereas the said Minister Elders & Deacons respectively 
for the use of their said cliurches by virtue of sundry mean 
conveyances in the Law are .possessed of sundry parcells of 
Lands & Tenements respectively for every particular Church 
aforesaid That is to say for the Church of Flatbush two Lotts 
of land situate lying and being in the said Town on the north 
side of Col. Gerardus Beekman Jacob Hendrickse & lioelof van 
Kerck on the south of the lane that leads to Gouwanes conteining 
one hundi-ed & eigliteen acres as allso tAvo Lotts of meadow the 
[whole] being in the bounds of the said Town over the fresh 
creek broad 7 Rodd laid out by N" 19 and the other over the 
Second Creek broad 12 Rod No 15 both stretching from the woods 
'to the Sea Allso one otlier Lot of Land in the said Town to the 
north of Peter Stryker and to tlie South of the highway that 
Leads to the New Lotts Containing fourty eight acres Allso one 
other Lot to the South of Peter Stryker & matty Luyster and to 
the North of the Lane tliat leads to the New Lotts conteining 
fourty eight acres Allso two Lotts of meadow the one over the fresh 
creek broad 7 Rodd N" 20 and the other over the Second creek 


broad 13 Rodd N» 11 Allso one Lot of Land lying amongst the 
new Lotts of the said Towns to the west side of Rem Remsen to 
the East of Elsie Snediker conteining thirty four acres as JIllso 
the Cliurch and ministers Dwelling howse in the said Town 
together with the orchard gardens and yard a djoyning conteining 
ten acres, Allso one howse & Lot of ground in the said Town 
called the School howse conteining Eig]it acres togetlier with 
the Lands and meadows in right thereof laid out for the use of 
the said Chm-ch out of the comons of the said Town. 

And for the Church of Brookland one Lot of Land in the 
said Town in breadth Eight Rodd Long thirteen Rodd & a half 
bounden on the South West by the highway on the north west 
by Jacobus Beavois and on the south east by Charles Beavois 
Allso one church yard elleaven Rodd square bounded on the 
north east by the higliway on the south east by a Small Lane to 
the South West by J oris Hanssen & and to the north west by 
Albertie Barents and the Cliurch in the said Town Standing in 
the middle of the higliway. 

And for the Church of Flatland, One Lot of Land at a place 
called Amesfoorts Neck containing Twenty Acres laid out by 
No 10 And Allso the Church in s'' Town & one howse called 
the School howse witli the Land adjoyning Containing two acres 
or thereabouts therefore fur the advanceing of Piety & Religion 
and that the said Lands may be the better administered and the 
Revenue thereof duly applyed for tlie Maintenance of the 
minister or ministers for the time being & other Pious Charitable 
uses — 

They do most humbly Pray that the said Minister Elders & 
Deacons & tlieir Successors may be by lier Majesties Grant or 
Charter under the Seal of this Province Made One body Politick 
and Corporate in the same, and in like manner and as near as 
may be to the Charter heretofore granted to the Minister Elders 
k Deacons of the Reformed Protestant Dutch Church of the 
City of New York, save only that the severall Lands & Tenements 
aforesaid now in their Possession be therein reserved to the use 
of Each respective Church aforesaid paying to her Matie her 
heirs and successors the Proporcon of the Quitrents they now 
pay in each respective Town aforesaid 


And yo' Petion'-s as in Duty bound shall ever Pray &c 

Luycas Steuense V. Antonides 

Gerrit Stoptliofif Pteynier Aertsen 

Claes Van Dyck . Johannes Cornel 

Hermanus Hooglandt Hen: ffilkin 

Jan Amearman Alexander Simpson (mark) 

Migguel hansen benjamin liegeman 

John Borland (mark) Cornells Cornel 

Cornells Van Duyn Dit is het | p cigen gestelt 
Isaack Remsen ' liandt '^^ merk van 

Jan Rapale Jan Bennit 

Kings County the 1 Aug^t 1711. 

Read in Council 8 Aug 1711. & referred 


In Council, 13'h Sept. 1711 
Mr. Jamison acquainted tliis Board tliat Inglebert Lott has 
entered a Caveat against granting a Charter to some Dutch 
Churches in Kings County And tliereupon Moved that the said 
Lott appeare and shew liis Cause of Entring such Caveat to the 
Committee to whom the Petition fur the Charter is Referred. 
It is Ordered that he appeare and shew cause accordingly. 


May it please yo'" Excellencey 

In obedience to yor Excellenceys Order in Councill of the 
Eighth of August Last made on y" Petition of Vincentius 
Antonides and otliers for a Charter to tlie Consistories of fihit 
Busli Brooklandand Itlat Lands and of another of tlie tliirteentli 
of September Instant to Examine into the Reasons of a Cavejit 


Entred by Inglebert Lett against Granting the said Charter — 
Wee have heard tlie said parties and thereupon humbly Report 
that tlie said M'Lott produced noe manner of power or authority 
from any of the Inhabitants of the Town of fflat Bush for his 
Entring tlie said Caveat notwithstanding H^ therein mentioned 
that the same is Entred in y® belialfe of himselfe and the major 
part of the Inhabitants of the said Town of fflat Bush — The 
said M'" Lott Insisted tliat by liis being Cliosen by some of the 
Inhabitants of y« Towne of fflat Bush one of the Church 
Masters of the said Towne some time y® last Spring he was 
Qualifyed for his Entring that Caveat Notwithstanding he owned 
that ye manner of His Being Elected Church Master as aforesaid 
was contrary to the manner of Chuseing such officers before 
tliat time and being asked by M"" Regnier who appeared at his 
Councill before y^ Committee whether he would ask any further 
time to make out }« allegations of his said Caveat hee declined 
ye same Wee are therefore of opinion that the said Caveat is 
frivolous, and that y^ Committee may proceed on ye former 
Referrence on y® petition before mentioned which is nevertheless 
humbly submitted by 

Yo"" Excellency's most 

obedient Servants 
John Barberie S. Statts 

A. D. Philipse R. Walter 

T. Byerley Rip Van Dam 

28t'>Septr 1711 

Read 29 Sepf 1711 & Confirmed. 



[ Counc. Min. XI. ] 

At a Coimcill held at fort Anne in 
New-York this 29'h day of Sept^ 1713. 
Present His Excellency Robert Hunter Esq &c. 
Col. D 'peyster M*" Barberie 

Doct. Staats M^- Phillipse 

Capt. Walter M^ Byerley 

The Petition of Vincentius Antonides Minister of the protestant 
reformed Dutch Clnuches of filatbush lllatlands and Brookland in 
Kings County relating to the disputes between him and M"" ffree- 
man setting forth that notwithstanding tlie order of this Board of 
the 30'h April 1711 M"" ffreeman in Contempt tliereof did on the 
G^*» Sepf Instant take upon himself to preach in the Church of 
fllatbush at the time wlien the Pet" Congregation was to have 
mett there and thereby lundered your pef from officiating in 
the said Church and being apprehensive tlie same method will 
be taken by ye said M*" Ifreeman in tlie other Churclies above- 
named To the great Hurt and disturbance of the Pef and his 
Congregation & praying relief in tlie premises, being read — 

Tiie Consideration thereof is referred to the Gentlemen of this 
Board or any five of them. 

•,♦ The unhnppy ilifferences above iletaileii did not terminate until the cloBa 
of the year 1714, when a reconciliation was finally cflTected between the 
Clergymen and their respective friends, the particulars of which will be found 
Ip Strong i Hist: of the Town of Flatbtish, 1842, p. 86. Ed. 





RrcD Stili well Coll. 
Joust Van Biunt L. Coll. 
Jeromas Kcfiisin i\l;ijor 
Samuel Garrison agett 

The Troop. 

Daniel Remse.v Captt 
Rick Vunsuilam, Lert'. 
Johinnis Sehritigf, Cortt 
IVIaiieii Atlrianse, Quarlt 
Gabrlll >])roi)g 
Daniel llapelje 
Klas ffolUerson 
John Siiii'.tsin 
William Ho-^elantt 
Jacob NaitelT 
John Rapelje 
Hans Hargen 
Jacob Maiicnsin 
John vankleeft 
George Anilersoa 
Joust ilel)cvoice 
Cornelius Siniasoa 
Stephen Korlen 
Jacob nennilt 
Aartt VVillenise 
Jo!in vandi'rvere 
W •Uiam van Nuess 
'I'honia-; Crip^g's 
Abraham he;^onian 
Lawrence Diimarse 
Abraham Derje 
bans Harden 
John Gri?:ss 
Joust Derje 
Barent Hioom 
Ja'-ob ilelievoicc 
John Garrison 
Nicholas Covvonhovcn 
John van l<e"k 
Chailes ilebevoicc 
Re II Joressin 
Jaques I'unissin 
Rom hegeman 
S ephnn Schenck 
Charles derje 
Barnathis Reide 
Cornelius WicUhoff 
Jacob bennitr 
Joromas vanderbilt tf<-rdon 
John van wicUellen 
Samuel Gronendick 
Isaac Snedikor 
Peter Sim<on 
Hendrick van Sudara 
korl van Voierhuyg 
Jeromaa Rapclje= .% 


Demenicas VA^fDERVERE Captt 

Philip Nixgen Leff. 

John Benhani Ens 

William Howaril 

Johannis Cornell 

John IJennitt 

lientlrick keep 

Jacob vaniler boog^ 

Josepli hff^cinan 

Johannis ilitinarss 

David Esubb 

Cornelius pulhemus 

Jacob puihemus 

Cornelius vandervere 

John van dor beltt 

John Stryker 

Johannis Janse 

Abraham f.oot 

Johannis Ditmarss 

Peter hagewoutt 

Bartt van.lerenda 

Adrejan hcreman 

Class Simason 

t-imon Loise 

Richard Beets 

William van Borom 

Charls van Horom 

Elbartt hegeman 

Evertt van vvickellon 

Geors(o Bloom 

Jureen Pi-ohuscoo 

Jacob Renison 

Reinear rein'^arsee 

Jacob Haiiewoutt 

Isaac hafjewoutt 

Aartt van derbilt 

rem Adriannse 

Gerreit Adriaanse 

John T^anihcrtse 

Harnvanus (iisberse 

Reinear tfollman 

William vanduiie 

Peter Luister 

Peter Stryker:^ 44 

Aartt van "^elt Captt 
Johannis Swartt T>eff 
Thomas IFerdnn Ens 
Jacob van Sutfcn 
hindriek Janson 
Andrew Emans 
Barentl Banft 
Nicholas Lake 
Benjamen llulsart 
Rutsrartt van Rruntt 
Tunis van peltt 



John van peltt 
hendrick Emans 
Jaques Corteliaii 
Abraham van 8utfin 
Johanis van Sutfin 
Tiss Lane 
Cherik van dick 
John van peltt 
Rutgart van Brunt 
Jacob Swarlt 
Anthony Hulsartt 
Okaa van nuies 
John van nuies 
Isaac van nues = 25 


Thomas Stillwell Captt 
Barent Johnson Leff. 
fl'er. van Sekelon Ens. 
Cornelius Boyes 
Samuel poling 
Elias hubbard 
Thomas Craven 
Benjamen Griggs 
Daniel Griggs 
Jacobus Emans 
Daniel Lake 
Cornelius Slryker 
Cfer. van Sekellen 
Tunis Gullyck 
Nicholas Williamson 
Peter Willimse 
Abraham morgan 
Court Stevensin_ 
John Hide 
Johannis Emans 
Samuel Gritrgs 
Barnanlus Verbrick 
Simon van aarsdalen 
Lauerence >'an Cl"ft 
Stoffel van aarsdalen 
Gerritt Verbrick 
John Elbertson 
Reinear van Sekellen 
Gerritt Lamhartse 
John Walien = 30 

RnuL.'F Tf.rhuven Capt 
John Ameermon Leif. 
Court van voorhies Ens. 
John hanson 
Marien >chenk 
Oka van voorhies 
William kowcnhoven 
Isaac amurmon 
John van Sekrllen 
Jacob Amurmon 
Daniel noristraritt 
Cornelius M on ford 
Jacob Monfoid 
Evcrs van gelilin 
Roelnf Schenck 
Rochif van vourhies 
Lncus van vourhies 
AlHart van vourhies 
John van Aarsdalen 
IVIennii van vourhies 
Albart van vourhie* 

Johannis Boyes 

marten neves 

Cornelius neves 

Peter neves 

hendrick van vourhies 

Christofer Qubartus 

John Brouwyer 

Albartt terhunan 

Peter van Voirhies = 30 


FFRANCE Titus Captt 

ffredrik Simson Leff 

Tunis wortman Ens. 

Cornelius van Katt 

John Missarole 

Aren Anderson 

Toras Isolius 

Johannis Albertsin 

Johannis van katt 

Isaac Laquer 

Peter Coljor 

Peter Laquer 

Isaac Loise 

Abraham Laquer 

David van katt 

Charles Coenertt 

Peter Conselje 

Jacobus Cosine 

Simon Derje 

Andresse Andresin 

Johannis Coljor 

Garritt Sprong 

John Sprong 

Jacobus Coljor 

Dirick Adrajanse 

Johannis Bookhoutt = 26 


David Aersin, Captt 
Lambert van Sekols, Leff 
Ewont Ewoulse, Ens. 
Gairitt proust 
Lambi,rt Andresin 
Jeromas Romsin, 
Hendrick Hendnckse 
hendrick Vrooni 
Jacob Brovvyer 
John midagh 
William kowenhoven 
Josejih hegcman 
John Loran 
Jacob Bennett 
Isaec remain 
Jacob kason 
John van Sekellen 
Jacob van dewater 
Simon Bogartt 
John Johnsin 
Isaac Johnsin 
ffredrick Bargin 
Isaac Srbnng 
ffredrick Blaw 
haurev RIavr 
Peter Stales 
Garritt vandulne 
William Vanduine 
William fferdon 
William Bennitt 



Simeon dehurtt 
Chi-istofer Johnson 
Everadua Browyer 
Tunis van Pelt 
nicholas van dick 
Thomas van dyck 
John Petersin 
Henry van dyck 
Jacob van dyck 
Sainron Lafoy^ 

tierritt van rans." 
Abraham Ambramsin 
George Bavgin 
George kowenhoven 
Cornelius van dewater 
Wathew van Dyck 
Cornelius Ewoutse 
Christofer Codellerse = 

Totall 265. 




€l)nrcl)C0 in €tuccn0 €ounfn, 


17 July 1657. 

LoviNGE FRiNDEs — Before mi departure from jou y was in 
hoopes ; off a good act amongst jou both in settlingli off mister 
dentons continuance according to agrement off the tents for the 
present year : Butt Beejnge in hest Back and reddy for mi 
returne ; Both ware Broock off By sum turbelent Spirits jff in 
the neme off the whole or any is jet ignorant ; but not satisfeyt 
therefore you may be pleased to vnder stand by thes presents 
that wee as jett expect the tenths vppon the field for the year 
present and accordanse to the value off them for the jeare past 
tills therefore is ordered By these present that before tlie gather- 
inge off the crop jou sal give tymly noticij tliat we may send a 
men for the such or watt is the patrons due ; and for the minis- 
try : You al doe knouw that Mister Robbert fordim simi tymes 
minister [of J the town off heemsted ; did leaue tlie pleaic and 
alsoo the exercys of the ministery without our wish or knuwl- 
edge and for no or littel reasons therefore wee ken not ad mitt 
him in such a mennor of comminge againe Soe after my servis 
recommendinge you al unto the proteckcon off the Almeytig 
I rest. 


Right Wortschipfull — Y^s wee haue rec'd bearing date the 17' 
Jully wheare in wee vnderstand y" are vnsatizfled lieering 
summe speaches from sume pitlur [i. e. private] man or men 
not being imployed by the towne nor by ther knowledg or 
consent nether doe the towne owne what thay haue said wee 


hoope according to tlie agrement made for a hundreth skeepell 
of wlieeat for the tentes y" will be coutent the wich the towue 
agreed with y" and are willing to performe, our desiers are to 
Irnbrace IVf dentons ministrie if god bee pleased to continue 
hime a raounst vs and as for y Sellfe wee haue had sufficient 
experience of y willingenesse and doul^t not but y" are the 
same by y'' late free and noble profer. Soe hoping will not take 
any exceptions a gainst t'le whoolle for snme p'tillr Estrauigant 
speches for soe it will sunitimes fall out wheare a generall voat 
is wee liaue sent AP Simons the bearer heare of bee shall further 
in forme y woors'iipe soo not further to truble y woorschepe 
att present wee remaine y^ in all seruice to command according 
to our power 


the name & be hauli'e of the towne 
Hempsteed this 25 of July 1C57. 

" To the Right Worschipfull peeter 
Stiuasnt Gouernor Generall of the 
new Nether landes at liis house 
foort amsterdame thesse preesent." 


Lovinge frindes 

Your letter send By mister Semins and his information have 
given vs: ful sutislaction so that wee sal rest in your proraisse 
off hundert scliepels off Weat for the tentes for the present 
jeare — about the continuancy off mister denton amongst jou 
wee sal use al endevors we ken jff hee ken nott bee persuaded; 
jou must locke for an other Abel and Godly man weerimto we 
on our seyde sal coutribu waht ys in our poui-e — soo &c. 

lleemsteid sent the 29 July ady 1657. 



HoNowERED Sir 

Honowered Gouenour Jenerall Edmond Ajidros — Govenor of 
new York in his raagisties teritoris under his Royal! highnes 
Jeames duck of york, wee your humble petichonars in the 
behalfe of sume otiiers doe humbly petition unto you Honoui- 
that your Honour would be pleased to be mindful of your 
petitioners most humble requst, wliich is that the honour of god 
might be promotid and tliat his Saboths may be obsarued for the 
honour of god and the good of us and our posterity, and to that 
end your honour would be pleased to install such atliority 
amongst us which may be ameanes under god for the upholding 
and maintaing of the minestry and wors'iip of god amongst us, 
your honour being the father of thi^ comon weltli, we hope you 
will not be unmindfull of your petitioners, but will be an 
instrument under god f .t the upholding and maintaing of the 
gospell of the lord Jesus Christ, so hoping } ou will be pleased 
to cb-aw a flivorable constroction from tliis our pctetion we shall 
not farther truble your honour at preasant but leaue this our 
petetion to your honnours consederation, we rest and remain 
your very humble saruants and petichonars to the best of our 
pouer and for your honour we shall ever pray : farewell — 
Thomas C Champin Richard Gilderslaue 

his mark Simon Saring 

WiLLEM Pecocke Richaud Giluerslaue Junior 

Jems P Pine Jeremiah S Woo 

his mark his mark 

from Hemstcd 

November the 30th 
Anno 1674 

" A Peticon from divers 
of the Inhabits of Hemp- 
steed about then- Minist^ 
James Pine &c. 

" 3 dec- left to fiu-der information att next Sessions," 



By the Commander in Cheife. 

Vpon Representation made by the Constable and Overseers in 
the Behalfe of the Towne of Hempsted that M'' Jeremiah hubbart 
was and is by the Major Parte of the Inhabitants of the said 
Towne Chosen and Appointed to be Minister there for the which 
Desireing my Confirmacon, These are to Certifie that the said 
Jeremiah Hobbart is liereby allowed and Confirmed Minister of 
the said Towne accordingly in the Performance and Exercise of 
which function he is to Conforme himselfe according to Law. 
Given under my Hand in New-Yorke this Twenty-sixth Day of 

January 31th lesf. 

A Lycence of Marriage was Granted to Jeremiah Hubbard of 
Jemeca on Long Is*land and Rebecca Brush of Huntington. 


Delivered 9^" Decem^ 1686. 

To his Excellency Colonell Thomas Dongan Govern'" of tlie 
Prouince of N. York vnder his most Excellent Majs^y 
• James tlie Second King. &.c. & liis honourable Councill 
now sitting in James ffort in the Citty of New York. Tin; 
humble petition of Jeremia Hobart minister of the Towne 
of Hempst'd on Long Island in the province aforesaid, 
Humbly Shevveth, 

That whereas your petitioner hath for allmost five years since 
been lawfully called, and after that legally approved by the then 
Commander in Chief maj^ Anthony Brockolls, to be minister of 
sayd Hempst'd, yet allthough a full agreemt was mutually had. 
between the towne & myself, as to house building, & comfortable 


finishing, & as to annuall Sallary &Cj neither is by the parisTi 
performed to my great damage and allmost insupportable 

My liumble request is that yo'' Excellency & Councill would 
be pleased to take cognisance of my afflicted low estate, and 
apply a remedy coraensurat to yo"" Excellency's pleasure & 
justice. So shall yo^" petitioner euer pray &c. 
Yo"" most humble & poor petitioner 

Jeremy Hob art. 

December y« 9'h 1686. Read & ordered that the Inhabitants 
of Hemps ted or some in their behalfes Do appeare this day 
Sen'at to shew cause why this petition should not bee granted. 


Me"" Byarde — Much respected Sir after my servis presented 
unto you these are in all love tg request you to do us that kinde- 
nes as to let our petition wee left with you be presented to our 
honourable Governour and his counsel and to procure us an 
answer to that perticular which conserns the mayntenans of our 
minister soe that as hitherto he hath bene mainetained that is 
to say by the towne in generall every man paying acording to 
proportion tliough they differed in judgement or would upon 
any other pretens deny payment that tlien as formerly wee 
might by authority take by destres or exsecution soe much of 
such persons estates as is there proportion to pay as hitherto 
hath bene done in such cases and as wee conseive was promised 
by the generals when wee toke the oath of our offises for there 
ai-e two men in our towne which doth deny to pay theire propor- 
tion and giveth such tlireatning speeches that there is hardly 
any perswadeing of any one to goe with the marsliall to asist 
him in the exsecution of his offis for they have a consaite that 
unless wee have an order from the governor to take it by destres 
of every one that wee cannot doe it of ourselves by the power 
wee have aUready there being somthicg sed in oui- Instructions 

Vol. III. 13 


that we are not to maintaine auy other way of chiu-ch govern- 
ment then what is acording to the senod of dort now he is noe 
ways rei3Ugnant to tliat senod but if hee were we ought to pay 
him for the time past nowe my humble request to you is that 
yoii would be pleased to send mee by this Bearer Me^r Jonas 
woode an order from the governor that those two men namely 
humplirey underliill and William Creede with any other that 
shall refuse to pay shall be compeled to pay by authority the 
which if you will doe I shall thingk my selfe much ingaged to 
you and I hope it may prevent a gret deale of truble which 
otherwise I feare may arise thus in haste commending you to 
god, I rest hopein to heare from you by this bearer your friend 
redy to serve you in what I may. 

Nathaniell Denton 
from Jamaica alies Rustdorpe 

this 9 of may 1674 " . 

Addressed, for Me^r Nicholas Byarde 

Secretary at New Orauiae these 


Reverend S'"" — I must crave yo^ Excuse that I have not ere 
now returned you an answ^er of w^iat j^^u desired at Jamaica, 
touching hberty of Setting a day a part for yo^ Couegregacon 
to assemble together to worship God more particularly at this 
Season, I have comunicated the Same to the Councell, wlio are 
well content therewith & that you make xse of the publcke 
meeting house in yor ToAvne any day this week or next follow- 
ing where none are to presume to give you disturbance in yor 
divine exercise You laying no Injunctcon on any bijt leaving 
them to their freedome who are willing to partake with you 
therein. In wliich I pray God give you Comfort & the good 
Successe you ayme at or may desire, for the good of the Church 
or State. So I take leave & remaine 

N. Y. Yo'' very humble Serv* 

June 24, 1678. M. N 



To the Excellent Collon' Thomas Dongan Governoiir 
Comander in Cliief under his majesty over the province 
of New Yorke & its dependant* 
The humble petition of John prudden quondam minister of 

Jemaica in Queens County upon Long Island Sheweth 
That your jiumble petitioner having served the town of Jemaica 
in the work of the minister for the space & term of Ten years 
late past, hath sufiferd much wrong upon ye account of a certain 
sallary engaged by y^ inhabitants of y® said Town to be paid 
unto liim yearly for his labour, y* a considerable part of his 
sallary is unjustly withheld from him through ye defect of 
severall Iniiabitants denying to pay their proportion levied by 
yearly rates though no priviledg or advantage of my ministry hath 
been denyed to them. Wherefore your humble petitioner makes 
his application to yoiu' Excellency and Honourd Councill for 
Relief and Redress as you shall see meet ; not doubting of your 
Readines to doe Avhat ever shall apear to be Rationall & just ; 
and cause it also to be done by others, but hopeing y* your 
excellency togetlier with your Honored councill considering the 
circumstances of ye premisses will take the most effectuall care 
and order that what is due to your petitioner by contract & 
agreement for y« time past may be hcnestly payed and performed 
to him (without trouble and constraint by course of Law which 
would be unpleasant and discomendal^le on all hands) your 
petitioner wilhngly submits to your pleasure tlierein being 
persuaded that youi" Excellency will not allow y* after your 
petitioner b.ath (to liis disadvantage) served a people ten years 
upon ys account of a firm contract he should be defrauded and 
deprived of a considerable part of his reward engaged, nor 
necessitated to desert his cahng and the collony to prevent ye 
like abuse which would unavoidably carry some reflexion upon 
those in "whose power it is & remaines to prevent or redres such 

Your humble petitioner only requesteth further that if a 
considerabl numbr of the congreg;ationall profession & perswasion 


should be desirous y* lie would continue to be their minister and 
maintain him at their own cost & charge by a voluntary con- 
tribution your Excellency & the Honored Council would pleas 
to give approbation thereunto which we hope will neither be 
offensive nor prejudicial! to any person or persons under ye 
Liberty granted by our gracious Soveraign : your so doing will 
give encouragment unto us y' are settled in this province & an 
invitation to others or at least remove evill surmizals against ye 
goverment which too many in ye Neighbouring Collony are apt 
to entertain to the prejudice of his Majesties intrest in this 
province. Thus craving y® heavens assistance & direction to 
guide your considtations to y^ glory of God & comon good your 
petitioner Remaines at your service, 

1688. John Peudden. 


We whose names are subscribed doe testifie that the inhabitants 
and ifreeholders of Jemaica at a publick meeting call to treat 
with M»" John Prudden to be their minister June ye IQt^ 1676 
did (after he had declared his judgment and proposed his terms) 
by a town act freely and firmly promis and engage to give unto 
M'^ prudden the accomodations wliich he now possesseth and a 
yearly sallary of fourty pounds to be paid to him or his order so 
long as he should continue in y® Town imployed in ye work of 
ye ministry and his fire-wood brought home free as specified in 
ye town registry. Furthemore we doe testifie that M^' John 
prudden hatli continued in this towne discharging the work of 
a minister according to the way of ye churches in New England 
the ffull term of ten years and more since the Town caled him 
& covenanted with him for his labour in y° ministry. 

Nehemiah Smith. 

John Carpenter. 





Whereas ye Sheriff by warrant ffrom ye Governor & Councell 

did demand off vs y^ inhabitants off Jamaica to give an account 

off ye number off Marriages Christenings & burialls & what are 

ye names off all such as hold land ffrom ye crown by pate' or 

otherwise or what Rent may bee Standing out in Areers &c : To 

Satisffie his excellency wee give an account as ffoUoweth (viz) 

Imprim : Land devided eight thousand Acres besides pasture 

laud more or less ly'ng in common to y-' town which wee hold 

ffrom his Maiestie by vertue off purchase ffi-om ye natives & a 

patent ffrom his excellency Thomas Donga n General Governor 

&<• bearing date ye 17'h day off May 1686 by which patent wee 

ai'e to make payment off forty shillings per Annum quit Rent 

" — ■ " • Ma. ■ '- ■ - 

Harri- Christ- 
ages nin^s alls 

Capt Carpenter 3 

Joseph Smith 110 

John Olilfteld 1 2 

Mr Woolsey 1 1 

Will fibster 1 J 

Samll Smith 3 2 

John Everett 3 

Zachary Mills'. 1 

Alexander Smiih 4 

RichJones 1 

EdwanI 2 

Nehemiah Smith 1 

John Heines 1 1 1 

John Carpenter 3 

garni Mills 2 2 

Nath Denton Senr.... 3 

John Rodes 3 

John 1 

Nath De.iton 4 1 

Georf.'e Woolsey 3 1 

Tho: Smith Senr 1 2 J 

Tho: Smith Junr 1 1 

John Smith . . .- 2 

Rich: Rodes 1 

Ralph Hunt 1 

2 1 

Derrick Poulson 3 1 

Rich Everett 1 

Samll Ma(he\v8 1 

Nicolas Everett 1 4 1 

Jonas Wood 4 1 

fr\ederick 3 

lohn Baylie 1 

John Hanson 1 



Elias Baylie 

Abell Gale 10 1 

Jonth Dean 1 

Samll Dean 3 1 

Nath Lynas 4 

Wait Smith 3 Q 

Danll Denton Junr... 3 

Joseph Thurston 1 K 1 

John Wood 2 

Mr Whitehead U J 

Mr White 2 

Hope Carpenter Oil 

Danll Denton Senr. . . . 

Tho: Wellen 

Will Creed 

John ffoster 

John Man 

Will Sallierd 

Hulk Davis 

Mr flTrceman 


Jonth: Mills 

Benimin Coe 

Tho: Wigg-ins 


Edward Highee 

Widdow Davis 

Samll Denton 

Widdow Messenger.. 

Rich: Wright" 

Peter Stringain 

Jeremiah Hubbard . .. 
This is what we can Remember hath 
hapned within 7 years 

ffor ye number off horse & ffoot k how armed & provided an 
account is akeddy given by ye Jililitary officers: 

By order ffrom ye Comissioners 
To Maior Thomas Willet Sheriff By Dajtll Denton Cler 



To his Excelleii'-y Colon'i Henry Sloughter Gouernr of tlie 
prouince of N:York, vnder tlieir Royall Maj'^" King 
Wiliiam and Queen Mary, &c: 
The humble petition of Jeremiah Hobard Minister of 
Hempstd, on Long Island in Queens County in the 
province aforesayd. Humbly — 

That yo^ petitioner haueing for these last eight years, & 
upwards, vpon the call, & agreem* w^h tlie people of Hempsted. 
to bee their Minister, Laboured amongst them in that holy 
function, but am much afflicted for want of that Stipend annuall} 
promised, and not duly payd, whereby your poor petitioners 
self & family sustaynes great suiferiugs & wants to the both 
weakening his hands & discouraging his heart in the sayd work, 
& indeed cannot longer contine^^v vvithout some help k relief 
from yo"^ Excellency I doe therefore Immbiy craue your Excel- 
lencys Succour & Rehef in the premises, tliat a Course ,& method 
may be used, so as all areareages may be payd & the burden for 
the future alleuiated, that the gospell may haue incuuragmeut, 
&c. So yo"^ humble petitioner shall pray as in all duty bounde: 
Euer yo^ Exellencys to serue in all tilings to utmost po^^er&c 
N:York July 3, 1691. 


Mr Jonathan Smith 

& M"- ftrancis Ciiappell 
I und^stand by M'" Jeremiah Hobart the Miuistei- of Hemp- 
sted, that his anuall Maintainance from y*^ Inhabitants of y" s<i 
Town is not duly payd in unto him according to ye agreem* & 
former Method of ye town & y* ye Rates for y* last and former 
years are in your hands, I am also informed tliat }'uu are ><= 


sworn Constables & Collectors in ye s'i town I therefore Desire 
& Direct you tiiat all care be taken for y^ Collection & paym' 
of what is Due to ye s^ M"" Hubbart according to y" usuall 
Methods unless you have any thing to oifer to ye Contrary & let 
it be done forthwith the s<i M»" Hubbard Complaining of great 

I am your friend 

Copy letter to Smitli & Chappell 


[Coun. Mill. IX.] 

In Council!, 28t''> Jany 170-2. 

His Excellency was pleased to Commimicate to tiiis board two 
affidavits taken before a Justice of the peace of Queens County 
which were read, the one accusing John Tallman one of the 
Justices of the s^^ County of saying that the Scriptures were not 
the rule they being wrote by sinfull men of the hke passions as 
we are and the other accusing the s^ Tallman for saying that the 
holy scriptures was a Rule but not tlie Rule we sliould walk by. 

On consideration whereof liis Excellency Declares his Resolu- 
tion of Removing the s'' Tallman from being one of the Justices 
©f the peace of tlie said County And on further Consideration 
thereof his Excellency & Coiuicill are of opinion tliat the s<J 
Tallman be further prosecuted and so direct the Att. Generall to 
prosecute the s^ TaUman for the same at the next Supreme 
Coui't of Judicature. 



Queens County ss. ffebruaiy 3cl, 1702-3. 

This day Samuel Smith of the Littell Plaines came before me 
John Smith Esq-" one of her Maj'» Justices of the Peace for 
Que'ens County and being upon his oatli Deposed that Jonathan 
Whitehead Esq"" one of her Maj's Justices, declared unto the said 
Depone] t that it was his opinion that J-Jeligion was onely an 
Inuention of cunning men to gett thaire liuing by ; and further 
this Deponent saith not. 

Jurato Coram me, John Smith. 

And I tlie said Joiui Smith Esq^" Doe humbly certifie that the 
abouesaid Jonathan Whitehead, Esq"" being leately at my house 
I the said John Smith tooke him into examination for setting out 
of a journey witii his Pourt mantel beliind him upon a Sabbath 
Day. I told him he being a Justice ought in a particular man- 
ner to take ceare not to give such examples. He tould me he 
thought there ought to ]}e no difference of days and that if it 
should be so ordered now as to obsarue Thursday in a hundred 
years it would be as lieligiously obsarued as the Sabbath no^y is 
and seurall other expressions he used which tended tx) notliing 
less than Atheism and the discouragement of Christianity. 

Witness my hand, John Smith. 

faberary 24. 

I Joseph Bayley formerly of Huntington haueing my p^sent 
being at Justice John Smitli and some time in January a gent 
man came there whom I knew not siting by the fire and after 
some discors Justice Smith cliarged the gent man with Breach 
of the Siibbath hee replied he Brooke not the Sabbath for hee 
was at Church in the fore noone and roode to New towme in tlie 
afternoone Justice Smith had further discorse with him and he 
made replie that if Thursdaie or any other dale of the week 
ware appohited a Sabbath and strictly commanded to obserue it 
people would obserue it as much as this when the gent man Avent 
away I asked Justis Sinith wife what gent that Avas she answered 
it was Jonathan Wliithcad to tlie trutli hereof I haue subscribed 
Kiy name. Joseph Baylye 

The ahoves'i JoscqV.i l^nyly swore to the 

al)()\ e written before me febr 21, 1702-3. John Smith. 


To all hands unto whom this shall come : 

Whereas 'tis said that I Jolin Smith of the Little Plalnes 
should say that uppon questioning Jonathan Whitehead for 
rideing upon the Sabbath day the said Whitehead should make 
answer & say that there ought to be no di^erence in days & that 
a mail might doe any thing upon the Sabbatli day as well as 
upon any other which is a fab report of y« said Whitehead I 
affii-me as witness my hand 

24 Feb 1703 


New York 25th ffebruary 1702. 


I am comanded by his Excellency to give you notice to 
somons Nehemiah Smith and William Glenn Church wardens, 
Hope Carpenter, Nathaniell Denton, Thopias Smith, William 
Bloodgood, Thomas Willet, David Wright, John Coe, Content 
Titus, Joseph Sackit, and John Berrien, Vestry men of the town 
of; Jamaica in Queens County, to be and appeare before his 
Excellency in Conncill on Munday the first day of March next 
ensuing, and I desire that you will give me notice thereof, that 
I may informe his Excellency that you liave done the same. 
I am your humble servant 

B. CosENs, C^ Councij. 

" Letter to the SherriiFe of Queens County, 
to sumons the Church wardens before his 
Excellency. 25th fieb'-y 1702." 



At a Coiuicill held at Sort Anne this 27*1' day 
of July 1703 
Present — Ills Excell. Edwai-d Viscount Cornbuiy &c.* 
Sa: Sh: Broughton ^ Hip Van Dam Esq'" 

W"> Lawrence ^ Esq''^ ^^->^^ Bridges Do'' of Laws 

Gerard Beekman ) 

His Excell. acquainted this Board with two Letters from 
Jamaica in Queens Coimty, giving an acco* of a Riott committed 
there by one Hubbard a Dissenting Minister and other of the 
Inhabitants of the said Town.— Ordered that tlie Attorney Gen'i 
doe Inquire into the facts, and as they shall appear to him 
prosecute the persons according to Law. 

By order of his Excell. in Coimcill, 

B. CosENs, C^ Councij. 
Endorsed, "Order of Councill of the 21^'^ July 1703. 
For the Attorney Generall." 



Long- Island, America 15th April 1704 


After a tedious voyage I arrived at Boston of wliich I have 
given the Society an account where I was informed that, notwitli- 
standing the Bishop of London had commissioned me, the 
society had encouraged the undertaking, and in obedience to 
their commands I had left my station in the Na\y on purpose to 
serve at Jamaica in the Province of NowY^ork, yet I should find 
but a cold reception at the hands of that Government — This 
was surprising news to me who wjis in a manner satisfied of my 

• Papers with an • prefixed are copies of MSS. presented to the Slate Library 
by Henry Onderdonk, Junr., Esq., of Jamaioa, L. 1. 


L'^ Cornluiry's zeal tor the advancemeut of tlie churches Interest 
& that M'" Vesey minister of this place was one of those who 
recommended me to my Lord of London's Favor and earnestly 
desired my return after enquiry made I found the reason why 
my encouragement was not like to prove suitable to my expecta- 
tion was grounded upon a malicious story, raised of me while in 
England by a criminall indicted for felony who upon her trial 
asserted that I had been too intimate w^itli her mistress (att 
whose house, I lodged some of t'le time I belonged to the shipp 
of Warr that then waited on this Province) on purpose to render 
her mistress testimony of her little & Insignificant. 

I was struck with horror & amasement at the relation, &. 
forthwith in a letter to M"^ Vesey (which I desired him to 
communicate to my Lord Cornbury) not only asserted my 
Innocence, but told hmi I would to my last, & in order to comply 
with the Design of my mission, as well as to vindicate my Honor, 
from the malicious oppression, I made the best of my way thro' 
in the Winter time to New York. In my journey thither I was 
informed of a proposal made by my Lord Cornbury & M' Vesey, 
namely to exchange with M"" Lockier of Rhode Island till 
the Bishop of London's opinion in relation to my bein-^- 
inducted to Jamaica should be known ; to wliicli that I might 
in the meantime be in a Tolerable Capacity of doing service to 
the Church, I readily consented ; and to this Proposaii was added 
the universall Plaudit of the Church Wardens & Vestry of 
Rhode Island that having been a place I had done some 
considerable service in before, for which I had their value & 
esteem but M"" Lockier seeming unwilling to the exchange, I 
hastened to this province to desire admission to the place I 
was commissioned to — At my arrival I took all prudent 
methods to solhcit the Govern^ for his lavor &, countenance, as 
well as to Demonstrate my Innocence which I thus endeavoiu-ed 
to do — First I shewed that the Calumny proceeded from the 
single Testimony of a mahcious Criminal 2"'iiy from tlie Testi- 
mony of the wretch not upon oath, & this I inform you of 
becaiLse the contrary has been invidiously asserted, S^iy from 
the Testimony of a Felon who upon her Triall would say any 
tiling of those who prosecute her, to render tliem vile & 


ridiculous 4'hiy from the Testimouy of a most infamous Wretch, 
wliom I offered to prove Guilty of the \- orst of crimes ; on the 
other hand I endeavoui-ed to evince to the world how much I 
was injured by appealing to the Gentlem : of the best note in 
tlie place, who were at that time Intimate with my carriage & 
conduct, by Certificates of my virtuous conversation under the 
hands of Cap' Caldwel under whose command I then served ; 
by offering to procure testimonies suitable to my calhug from 
Boston, Rhode Island, & other places I had done service in ; by 
certificcites from Cap' Stein who brought me over ; & lastly that 
'twas improbable, that if I had been conscious of any thing, that 
might incapacitate me from the Design of my mission, that I 
should have come over, at the expence of much time trouble & 
money, to have suffered such indignities. Those reasons are in 
tliemselves so clear & convincing that they at length prevailed 
upon the Govern^ to grant me admission to the ministerial 
function in this place where I now am & where I hope by the 
blessing of God t-o be an Instrument of being considerable service 
to tiie C! lurch, frequent opportunities of opposing the enemies 
of om- Religion and bringing them over to X"'^? offering them- 
selves—We have a church in this town but so far is it from 
being ornamental that we liavc not those necessarys that are 
requisite to the Daily discharge of our office, namely neither 
Eible nor Prayer Book, no cloaths neither for Pulpit nor Altar 
To this parish belong two other towns viz : New Town & 
Flushing famous for being stocked with Quakers, wliither I 
intend U) go ujx)n tlieir meeting days on purpose to preach 
Jjeeturcs ngainst their Erroui-s : I sliall by tlie next opportunity 
• give you a inore full k exact ace' of mattera, in tlie mean time 
beg leave to subscribe myself Sir 

Your most humble servant 

J A : Hon y MAN. 




By Ms Excellency Edward Viscount Cornbury Cap* Gen'' 

and Governour in chief of the Province of New Yorko 

New Jersey &c, &c. 

You are hereby Required to deliver the Possession of the 

house Lands and p^misses whereon you now dwell and which 

belongs to the Church of Jamaica in Queens County to ye high 

sherrife of the said County after a reasonable time for removing 

your goods and stock from the p^misses and hereof you are not 

to fail at your perill Given under my hand att fort Ajine in 

New Yorke this fourth day of July 1704. 

To M"- John Hubbard These. 



By His Excellency Edward Viscount Cornbury Cap^ 
Gen'i and Govern in Chief of the province of .New 
Yorke New Jersey &c. 
Whereas by my order under my hand dated herewith I have 
ordered M"" John Hubbard to deliver the Possession of the 
house land p^'misses whereon he now dwells and wliich belongs 
to the church of Jamaica in Queens County to you after a rea- 
sonable time for removing his goods and stock from the p'misses. 
You are therefore liereby required to deliver the possession of 
the s^ p^'misses after you have received it from the s^ i\l'' Hub- 
bard to Ml" William Urquhart and if it happen that y^ said M' 
Hubbard shall in contempt of my said order refuse to deliver 
ye possession of the p^misses to you as aff*'', then and in such 
case you are hereby required impowered to enter on y® p'misses, 


and possession so taken to deliver to the said M^- Arqiihart and 
all Justices of tlie Peace and others her Maj^y^s officers both civil 
and mihtary are hereby required to be aiding and assisting unto 
you as the execution hereof. Given under my hand att fort 
Anne in New Yorke this foiu'th day of July 1704. 


To Tho: Cardie Esq^ 

High Sheriffe of Queens County. 

" An order to the 

High Sherriffe of Queens County," 



By his Excell. Edward Viscount Cornbiu-y Cap^Geni' and 

Gov^ in Cheif of the provinces of New York New 

Jersey &c. 

You and every of }' ou are hereby required fortliw^ to sell and 

Dispose of for y^ best price and advantage tliat Cann be made 

and gotten the corn collected by or Belivered to you or any or 

either of you for the maintenance and benefitt of the ^Minister 

of Jamaica and y^ moneys thereof made to retain in your hands 

imtill you Receive further orders from me for the payment of 

the same to the uses for w^^ the s'^ corn was Delivered to you 

and hereof you are not to faile^att your Perill Given imder my 

hand att fort Anne in New York this 4*'' day of July 1704. 


To the Cliurch Wardens of the Church 
of Jamaica and to tlie lEgh Sherriffe 
of Queens Comity. These. 




By liis Excell. Edward Viscount Cornbury Cap^ Gen^' and 
Gov^ in Cheif of the Provinces of New York New- 
Jersey &c. 
You are hereby Required to pay ye moneys made of y« Corn 
Collected fiDr the maintenance of a Minister for the Town of 
Jamaica in Queens county and w'^ Remains in your hands to 
the Reverend M^ William Urqualiart and for soe doing tliis shall 
be your sufficient Warrant. Given und-- my hand att Ifort Anne 
in New Yorke this twenty eighth day of August 1704-. 

To the Justices of tlie Peace for Queens 
County k to the Vestrymen and Church 
Wardens of the Church of Jamaica in 
the said County. 



By his Excellency Edward Viscount Cornbuiy Cap* Gen^i 

and Govern^ in Cheif of y^ Provinces of New York New 

Jersey &c. 

You are hereb}^ required foi'thwith to lay a Tax on the 

Inhabitants of Queens Comity for raising the maintenance for 

the Minister of Jamaica in the said County for liis present year 

and the said Tax laid to Levy and Collect or cause to be Levyed 

and collected pursuant to the Act of assembly passed in the 

sixth Session of Generall Assembly begun the 12*^ day of 

September 1693 Entituled an act f^r selling a Ministry and 

raising a maintenance for tliem in the Citty of New York, County 

©f Richmond, Westchester, and Queens Coimty and hereof you 


ai-e not to faile Given under my hand at ffort Anne in NewYorlc 
this twenty foui-th day of August 1704. 
To the Justices of the Peace of Queens % 

County and the Vestrymen of the 

Church of Jamaica in the said County. 

[For Stat» of the Church of England in Queens Co. in 17D4, eee ante p. 114.] 



[ Council Min. IX. ] 

In Council 31. March 1705 

The Cliurch Wardens & Vestry of Jamaica being summoned 
to appear before this Board this day and Robert Coe one of the 
Chui'ch Wardens & John Talman Henry Wright Samuel Carpenter 
Sami Higby Anthony Watson John Everett John Coe Jonathan 
Hazard & Daniel Lawrence nine of the Vestry appearing 
accordingly they were called in and examined concerning their 
neglecting or refusing to raise a tax for the maintenance of the 
Minister of that place directed to be raised for that purpose by 
Act of Genii Assembly of this Province and having offered 
nothing to this Board in their Justification it is ordered that the 
Penaltyes expressed and contained in the said Act be Levyed 
pursuant to the directions thereof on every of them y° s*^ 
Churchwardens & Vestry so neglecting or refusing to do theijr 
duty as aforesaid 




Long Island, July 4th 1705 

HoN^ie Gentlemen 

Having this safe opportunity by the Kev. M"" Evans we are 
humbly bold to transmit a representation of our circumstances 
here according to our Orders from your venerable Society — Being 
Neighbours & the only two upon the Island that are Chui-ch 
ministers We humbly present a joynt information of the affairs 
of our respective parishes. The Inhabitants of this County are 
generally Indepen's @ what are not so are either Quakers or of 
no professed Religion at all the generality averse to the discipline 
of our holy mother the Church of England & enraged to see her 
Ministry established among them : The ancient settlers have 
transplanted tlieniselves from New England & do still keep a 
close correspondence & are buoyed up by Schismatical Instruc- 
tions from that Interest which occasion all the disturbance & 
opposition w^e meet with in both our parishes. They have 
hitherto been used to a Dissenting INIinistry & they still support 
one at Jamaica who has a most pestilential influence over our 
people, who from their cradles were disaffected to conformity 
yet we bless God we have not been altogether unsuccessful! 
having brought over some of the most rigid of them into close 
communion & hope thro' Gods assistance in sometime to have a 
more plentiful harvest among them, their prejudice of education 
is our misfortune Our Church their Bugbear, and to remove that 
averseness they imbibed at their first principles must be next to 
a miracle. His Excellency my Lord Cornbury is a true nursing 
father to our infancy here, his countenance & protection never 
wanting to us & next to heaven we may attribute the success of 
our endeavoui"s to the favorable influences of his Government 
where inclination as a true son of the Church moves him 
zealously to support that Interest. This is the true state of 
affairs witMn our Parishes. We have Sixty pounds this Country 
money settled very precariously which by my liOrd Cornbury's 
influence we hope wiU be more firmly established by this 

Vol. III. 14 


assembly. It is very expensive living here & wliat we have 
from tills Country could never afford us half sustenance, in the 
condition we are in now, much less if we had families, without 
the support of the venerable Society which is the cliief thing 
we depend upon. May Gcd Almighty succeed your endeavours 
tor his glory L the good of the Church k may he prosper the 
good cause ye stand for, and which we dedicate our whole lives 
& endeavours to is the sincere prayer of yours &« 

Will: Urquhart Minr Jamaica 
John Thomas Min'" Hamstead 


[ Dce.l Book, X. ] 

By His Excellency Edward Viscount Cornbury Capt" Gen' 
& Gov' in Chiefe of y^ Provinces of N York, New Jersey 
& of all The Territories k Tracts of Land Depending 
thereon in America k Vice Admiral of the same kc. 
To M'" Francis Goodhue, Greeting. 

I do hereby Licence k Tollerate you to be Ministf of the 
Presbyterian Congregation at Jamaica in Queens county on the 
Island Nassaw in t'le s'' Province of New Yorke & to have & 
Exercise the ffree Liberty & use of yo"" Religion pursuant to 
Her Ma^>* pleasure therein signified to me In her Royal Instruc- 
tions k during so Long Time as to me shall seem meet & all 
Mlnisf* & others are hereby Required to Take notice hereof 
Given und"" my hand & scale at ffort Anne in New York this 
day of tills Instant January in the ffourth year of Her Ma^y» 
Reign Annoq: Dni 1705.6. 

By His Excys Command 

Will™ Anderson D secy 




\V. Chester N. York 1st Decemr 1707. 

***** Tlie first lialf year being Winter I lodged at a 
public iiouse preacliing once every Sunday & upon occasion 
visiting the sick — After winter was over I lived at Col' Graham's 
6 miles from tiie Cliurcli and, all tlie summer preaclit twice 
every Sunday sometimes at West Chester & sometimes at Jamaica 
on Long Island about 2 miles distant from M'' Graham's at my 
own cliarge, nor have I had any board given me since 1 came & 
once I met with great "disturbance at Jamaica. Ai'" Hobbart 
their Presbyterian Minister having been for some time at Boston 
returned to Jamaica the Saturday night as I came to it, and sent 
to me at my lodging (being then in company with one Chief 
Justice ISI'' Mumpesson k M'" Carter her Mtijesty's Comptroller) 
to know if I intended to preacli on the morrow, I sent him 
answer I did intend it — The next morning the bell rang as 
usual r)ut before tlie last time ringing M'' Hobbart was got into 
the church &. liad begun his service of which notice was given 
me wliereupon I went into the cliurcli & walked straightway to 
the pew expecting M"" Hobbart would desist being he knew I 
liad orders from the Govern^ to officiate tliere, but he persisted 
k I forbore to make any intei-r'iption — In tlie aft(u-noon I 
prevented liim, beginning the service of the Cliurch of England 
before he caine who Avas so surprised when after lie came to the 
Ciiufcli door & saw me performing divine service that he sud- 
denly started back Sc went aside t'> an orchard hard by, & sent 
in some to give the word that M"" Hubbart woukl preach under 
a tree, tlien I perceived a whispering thro' the Churcli & an 
uneasiness of many people some going out, some seemed amazed 
not yet determined to go or stay in the meantime some that had 
gone out returned again for tlieir seats & tlien we had a shameful 
disturbance bawling & tugging of seals shoving one the other 
otf, carrying them out & returning again for more so that I was 
fain to lea\e off till the distva-bance was over & a seperation 
made l^y which time I had but about half of the congregation 


the rest remaining devout k attentive tlie whole time of service 
after which we lock't the church door & committed the key 
into the hands of the Sheriff; we were no sooner got into an 
adjoining house but some persons came to demand tlie key of 
their meeting house wliich being denied tliey went & broke the 
Glass window & put a Boy in to open the door & so put in their 
seats & took away the pew cushion saying they would keep that 
however for their own Minister the scolding & wrangling that 
ensued are by me ineffible — The next time I saw my Lord 
Cornbury he thanked me & said he would do the clmrch & me 
justice, accordingly he summoned M"" Hobbart & the head of the 
faction before him & forbad M' Hobbart ever more to preach in 
the Church, for in regard it was built by a pu]>lick tax it did 
appertain to the Establislied church (which it has quietly 
remained ever since & now in possession of our Rev^ Brother 
M"^ Urquhart) my Lord Cornbury threatened them all witli the 
penalty of the Statute for disturbing divine service, but upon 
their submission & promise of future quietness & peace he 
pardoned the offence. 

%* The above letter has reference apparently to the Riot of July, 170,3, no- 
ticed in the order of Council of the 27th of that month. See Ante. p. '2D2. 


West Chester in America 30 October 1709 


I am sorry at the occasion to acquaint you of the death of our 
late Eev^' Brother M^ Urquhart of Jamaica whose place is now 
supphed by the Rev<i M"" Vesey M^- Sharp & the missiouarys in 
the Province of New York every other Sunday until you can send 
another Curate. * * **«=%* 



New York 24th Novr 1709. 

May it please your Lordship 

We think ourselves obhged by the ties of humanity & sacred * 
relation of tlie Fraternity as well as those of Christian charity 
to the indigent to make this representation to your Lordsliip our 
most worthy diocesan & the venerable Society for the Propagation 
of the Gospel in tlie behalf of the virtuous Rehcts of our late 
deceased Reverend Breth.ern M"" Muirson and M' Urquhart whose 
present difficult circumstances as they extort tliis our Petition, 
so we humbly hope "v^dll render them proper objects of your 
commiseration ******** 

****** ***** 

The other our dear Brother M' William Urquhart Minister of 
Jamaica on Long Island being settled amongst the greatest 
adversaries of the Cliurch was at great pains as well as charges 
to maintain the title of his Church & parsonage besides repairs 
and his natural good inclinations to hospitality & frequent 
occasions leading him into extraordinary expences to support 
the credit of his character, being 12 miles of New York has 
likewise left his Widow in such Incumbrances as truly we cannot 
but pity and do therefore jointly implore the Venerable Pati'ons 
of the Church and its missionarys to remove, by the equal 
benevolence — 

And further these being tlie first of your missionaries here 
that have died in yoiu- service, we beg leave to entreat, that the 
same charitable Bounty of a years Salary may continue to be 
paid to the Widows of your missionaries who shall hereafter die 
in the sej /ice of the Church, to remove if possible the too 

fr^iCj^i^^t 'V '^lifficult circumstances of Ministers Rehcts. * * 

'-»**** ***** 

Evan Evans de Philadelphia 

Jno Thomas de Hamstead 

Jno Sharpe Chapn to the Queens forces 

Saml Myles. Hen. Harris de Boston 

Jno Talbot de Burlington 

Jno Bartow de West Chester 

Christ : Bridge de Rye 



Jamaica 11 April 1710. 
HoNEi.E Sir 

I wish yoiu' Hon'' a great deal of Joy in tlie Trust the Queen 
has been pleased to confer on you ; and begg leave to acquaint 
JO' Hon that ye Dissenters here have tbis day coniniitted a Riot 
or forceable Detainer in the Church : I perswade myself your 
lion'' will suppress witli all yoiu' might such forceable Ways of 
proceeding so detremental to the public peace. If they have 
any Riglit; (as I think 'tis plaine they have none) the Law is 
open. I tlierefore pray yo Hon'' Will pleas to allow all due 
Encoui-agement to tlie Queens officers wlio liave Comitted them 
for the ftact : k especially by directing y*' Queens Attorney Gen» 
to prosecute the otienders wliereby you will add to the Glory of 
youi- Government by Defending the cans of Clu-ists Church. 
I remane S' 

Yo"^ most obedient Serv* 

S. Clowes 
To The Hon''i« Coll Beakman 
liiev' Governor of the 
Province of New York. 


In CouNcrL 13th Apnl 1710 

Tlic President communicated to this Board a letter from M' 
Samuell Clowes' of y<= ll^t^ Aprill setting forth that the Dissenters 
had tliat Day Committed a Riot or forceable Detainer of yo 
Church at Jamaica And therefore Desired y^ all Due Encourage- 
ment might be given to the Queens officers who had committed 
tlie persons for that Fact Especially by Directing the Attorney 
Generall to prosecute the ollender 

1 An account ol this gentlcrran and of his descendants will be found ia 
Thompson's Long Island ii. lOli. Aofc. 


The President allso communicated a Mittimus under the Hand 
and Seal of Robert Reatl Esfi-" one of Her Mcijesties Justices for 
Keeping tlie Peace in Queens County whereby tiie High Siieriife 
thereof was Directed to take into his Custody Hugli Carpenter 
George Wuolsey Jonas Wood Riciiard Olfield Samuel Mills & 
Jarimiali Smith who he setts forth are convicted of yc said 
forcable holding (by his own view) and them to keep in the 
Comon Gaol of said County untill they shall be thence delivered 
by due Course of Law. 

Ordered that the respective Justices of Queens County or the 
major part thereof Enquire into tiie Facts abovementioned and 
Lay a true Representation thereof before this Board by Thursday 
next, and that a Coppy of this Order be forthwith sent to ye 
said Justices. 

Jamaica in Queens County 

ye 19th of April 1710. 

Wee underwritten Justices of tlie peace of our Sovereigne 
Lady tlie Queen for Queens County assigned in obedience to an 
order from the honourable the president & lier Mat'<^s Council of 
this province dated tlie 13i'' Inst, (to us directed) have Inquired 
upon oath into the matter of tlie Disturbance in the Church of 
Jamaica & doe find that M'' Justice Read has proceeded tiierein 
according to La.vv & tliat tlie Record he has made is a true 
Representation thereof. We remaine 

Yo^ Honours most obed' Servants 

Tho: Wii.lett John Marston 

Jo" Jackson Tno: Jones 

John Tkeowell W^i: Cornell 
Sajm" Moore Tho: Whitehead 


" A Letf from y^ Justices of ye Peace 
for Queens County." 


In Council, 20th April 1710 

Tlie Justices of y^ Peace for Queens County Layd before this 
Board according to order a Representation of the Disturbance 
and Forceable Detainer of y^ Church at Jamaica by some 
Dissenters whicli was a Record made thereof by Robt Read Esqf 
and Certificate of sevarall of y^ Justices that the same is a True 

Upon Consideration of this matter The Board is of opinion 
That tlie Law being open they ought not to Encourage or 
Discourage the said Prosecution. 


To the Honi>ie CoU Gerardus Beekman President of Her 

Majesty's CounciU for the Colony of New York and Council] , 

The Peticon of George Woolsey Hope Carpenter Jonas 

Wood Richard Oldfield Samuel Mills & Jeremiah Smith 

of Jamaica in Queens County. 

Most Humbly Sheweth 

That yo^ Peticoners Stand Comitted till they pay tlieir ffine 
and charges upon a supposition of tlieir being guilty of a 
forceable Detainer grounded on the conviction by the view of 
Robert Read Justice of the peace for Queens County wliereof 
they are not conscious to themselves of being tlie least Guilty, and 
of whicli they liumbly conceive they can give sufficient proofo 
to any Impartial! Judicature. 

They therefore humbly pray that yo^ Hon'^ will give them 
such Relief as shall appear agreeable to Justice And they shaU 
as in duty bomid 

Ever pray &c. 
Georg Woollse Jonas Wood 

Hope Carpenter Jeremiah Smith 

Richard Oldfield Samll Mills. 
Read the 19^^ day of May 1710 & al partys to attend 
on Monday & the Justices of the peace to be served 
with Copy of this Petition. 


In Council, 23 May, 1710. 

Mr Regnier council for George Woolsey and others Petitioners 
on the Petition read at this Board the 1 9^*^ Ins* and M Bickley 
Councill for the Queen and tlie Justices of tlie Peace of Queens 
County appearing at this Board and being severally heard 

It is ordered that the several and respective fines Imposed on 
the petitioners by the Justices of the Peace in Queens County at 
the last Court of Sessions be remitted. But the charges which 
alredy are, or if not shall be taxed within the Boimds of 
Moderation by the Judge be paid by the said petitioners. 


To his Excellcy Coll. Robert Hunter Cap* General and 
Governo'" in Cheife of her Maj^ies Colony (^f New York 
&c in America. 
The Humble Memoriall of the Inhabitants of Jamaica in 
Queens County. 
May it pleas yo' Exccll^y 

This Towne of Jamaica in the year 1056 was purchased from 
the Indian Natives by diverse persons our predecessors and 
Anncestors Subjects of the Realm of England, Protestants 
dissenters in the manner of Worship from the fforms used in the 
Church of England ; who settled and Improved the lauds, Have 
called a Minister of their owne Profession to Officiate among 
them who continued so to do during the time of tlie Dutch 
Government and afterwards severall othei*s successively untill 
the year of our Lord 167| 

In the year 1676 the Townsmen set apart divers Lands for the 
better Incouragement and support of such a Minister. 

In tlie year 1693 the Inhabitants purchased a House and other 
conveniencyes for tlie accomodation of their Ministers who 
possessed and Injoyed it accordingly. 

That about the year 1699 by Virtue of an Act of Generall 


Assembly for tliat purpose tlie MajiV part of -the ITrcehoIders of 
the Towne built and erected a Meeting house or publick edilice 
for the Worship and serviceof God after their way, and peaceably 
possessed and used it. 

That in the year 1703 or 1704 being actually and Quietly 
possessed of the said House lands and otlier convenienc}es and 
of the said meeting liouse, tliey were \^ith force & violence 
without any process, Tryall or Judgment at Law turned (;ut and 
Dispossessed of the same 

All whicli tliey humbly submitt to yo Excellencies ccaisidera- 
tion, Humbly praying such Releife as yo^" Excell'^y shall Judge 
consists with Equity & Justice 

Nathaniel Denton 
Anthony Waters 
Daniel Smith 
• « Samll Bavles 



Jamaica on Lg Island 5th Oct 1710 
Honoured Sir 

My predecessors Widow has not dealt kindly by me, for the 
day that I was exjiected in this toun slie delivered up tlie 
parsonage liouse to tlie Dissenters. I praise God for it, tliis 
cliurch as they tell me here is in a Jairer way of tlourislung than 
ever. There are a great tiumy families come ovei- from the 
Dissenters &. many more talk of doing so. I have distributed 
tlie Books that the IL^noiable Society were jileased to send over 
for this people, & have taken the names of the people I gave 
them to, the more to oblige them to come to our Cluircli 
Constantly, and which I make use of when 1 tind any of them 

Here are a great many that want common Prayer Books that 
tell me they would come constantly to Church had they any, 


and they are very scarce Iiere, therefore if the Honorable Society 
thinks it tit to send some wifcli what other books they please, I 
shall be very carefiill in the distribution of tlieai, when the six 
months are expired I s'.iall be very careful to give you a 
particular account of the state of my parish j the Clergy here 
have a very lair character-. Oui' Governor has told me that lie 
thinks himself as happy in a good religious clergy, as any 
Governor in any of her Majesty's plantations. ****** 

Hououi^ed Sir 

Youi's &<= 

Tho^ Pcyer. 



Queens County, Ss. Att Speciall Court lield in Jamaica 

on the 27"' day of October in the 
ninth yea re of the reigne of our 
Soveraigne Lady Anne, annoq D"^ 

Jolin Coe Judge 
Samuel Baley 

Richard Edlield \ "^^stices 
M"" Thomas Foyer p"- M'" Clowes Complaines that the Churcli 
wai-dens do refuse to pay the one quarters salary. 

Court Consider'd of the said Complaint— 
and find for the Defend '^ with Costs of 
The Reason-s of the Church w^ardens Against the Complaint 
of M"" Thos Poyer qui tam 
I'y Because we had no money 

2' 7 we had no Orders from y° Justices and Vestry according to 
an act of assembly to pay any 


3iy because we thought M'" Tlio: Poyer not Quallifyed according 
to the act of assembly of this Province as minister or 
Incumbent of Jamaica to demand the whole or any part of 
the Said Saliary. 

true Copy. Joseph Smith, Gierke. 

Tho: Po}er Gierke Hector of the Parish of Jamaica in Queens 
County comes before John Coe Esq. Justice of y« Peace in the 
same County and Complains against Sam" Coe and Daniel Smith 
Churcli wardens of y« Parish of Jamaica aforesaid for refuseing 
to pay nis the said Thomas Poyers last quarters sallery for 
officiating as Rector of the said Parish and tlierefore prays as 
well on beiialle of himselfe as the poor of the said Pai-ish that 
the said Ci Ji'ch wardens be awarded to pay five pounds Current 
money oi' New York to Mm ye said Tlioraas Poyer and y« power 
of tlie said Parish of Jamaica 

true Copy 

Joseph Smith Gierke 


Or THE soch:ty for prop: the gospel. 

Hamsteatl 3d Decemr 1710. 

Honoured Sir— Since my last to you nothing new or very 
memorable Iims occured within my parish, I tliank God all is 
well in general and a haj^py continuance of mutual accord and 
aftpction between me and my parishioners — My neighbouj M"^ 
Poyer who meets with great difficulties in his mission has desired 
me to represent his case to the Honorable Society as being his 
next neighboiu- and in some measure privy to the opposition he 
labors under, tliere was a Chui'cli erected at Jamaica by a public 
levy and Tax upon tlie Inliabitants by virtue of an act of As- 
sembly of the i-'rovince ; recorded Church in their own Town 
Records, all ijidifferently forced to pay their proportions 
towards it, upon tlie arrival of the first Missionary from the 
Honorable Society thither, in the Honorable the Earl of Claren- 


don's time, the missionary was put into possession accordingly 
M"^ Urquliart enjoyed it during his time without any dispute as 
to the legality of his possession, only some tlu-eats he met w^tli 
upon the arrival of my Lord Lovelace, w^hich soon vanished 
again by Ms death & the succession of CoF Ingoldsby into the 
Government who soon allayed the heat of that faction upon the 
arrival of his now^ Excellency our present Governor (moved 
thereunto by I know not what Government) they got head again 
and upon M Foyer's arrival took possession of the Church & 
parsonage, the parsonage they are still possessed of, but the 
Church Mf Poyer preaches in again. 

There is a clause in the Act of Assembly for sethng the 
Ministry in tliis Province, which empowers the people to call 
their Minister, accordingly the Dissenting party of Jamaica have 
called a Dissenting Minister and entitle him to the parish salary. 
M"" Poyer has petitioned his Excellency to right him, what satis- 
faction he had he will undoubtedly inlbrm the Honorable Society 
in. I hope he will take care to send the two acts of the 
Province whereby the ministry is settled here, to the Honorable 
Society, whereby that Honorable & venerable Body may see 
& judge themselves how justly or unjust he is handled among 
the Dissenters at Jamaica, I humbly beg leave to present to the 
Honorable Society the ill consequences that may ensue by this 
example, if a call from the Dissenting party entitle a Dissenter 
to be Parish minister, and to the Salary of the parish, then upon 
the death or removal of the present Licumbent, the vacancies 
in most parishes will be filled with Dissenters, so will Dissention 
sit triumphant on the throne supported by the countenance of 
the Jaws of the Government. 

Honored Sir, this is as near as I can inform you the true & 
just state of the case all the rest of the missionaries are settled 
in Peace, & if these people are once more nipped in the bud and 
M' Poyer restored to his right, I presume they wdU scarce ofler 
to flutter again as long as there is a crowned head that sways 
the Sceptre of Great Britain 

Honoured Sir Yours &<= 

John Thomas 


Honoured Sir, I forgot to mention to you that the words 
Institution & Induction are in tlie Act of Assembly and that M"" 
Poyer was accordingly Instituted & inducted and the act men- 
tions likewise Church wardens & Vestrymen all \vhic!i woids 
specify the true Intent of the Act viz' the Settlement of the 
National ministry, the call which they lay hold on has somewhat 
of the ail- of dissention not a word more that I know of through- 
out the Act — I am 

Honoured Sir k^ 

John Thomas. 


Jamaica Lg Island, 3(1 Maj- 1711. 

Honoured Sir — This comes to attend my Notitia Parochialis 
I thank God the Chiu-ch of England here under my care 
cncreaseth beyond expectation for among the Quakers where 
my predecessor M'' Urquliart in all the time of his mission, 
could never gather a Congregation, I have seldom so few as 
fifty hearers, I have great hopes that there will more come over 
to our c!uu-ch notwithstanding the many enemies and discour- 
agement I daily meet withall, of which I have in a former 
hinted to you but wrote more fully to the Right Honorable and 
Right Reverend Bishop . '^undon wliohas a perfect & true state 
of the case which I hop-, when duly considered will induce the 
Honorable Society to assert the right of the Church here, that I 
may be supported with my salary due here by an act of the 
Country, one penny of which has not hit'ierto been paid to me, 
but on the contrary raised & given to one M'" Geoi-ge Macnesh 
an Independent North Britain Preacher who has had the 
assurance in the face of the country to aver tliat tlie Bishop of 
London has no power here. I hope the Honorable Society will 
be pleased to consider the difficulties T struggle with, that my 
family may be supported and not lie under the discountenance 
of those who are only pretended friends to the Established 


Chiirc'i, I have acquainted the Right Honorable the Bishop of 
London of ray writing to t!ie Society 

I remain |1 

Honom*ed Sir, yours &*' ( 

I Thqs Poyer 


London 13 June 171 1. 

Sir — We dj herewith send you the passage we read out of 
M Cotton Matlier's Letter as you desii-ed your mo. lible st^ 

B. Robinson 
' Tiios Reynolds 

The passage was as follows: 

If I may witliout offence extend my intelligence as far as the 
neighbour Colonies, and those particularly tliat are under the 
Government of New York, I am credibly informed that in many 
towns tiiere tliey have no Minister at all. In t'le Jersey's par- 
ticularly there are at least seven towns that have no public 
worship of God in them. 

At t'.ie jame time tliere is a town called Jamaica on Long 
Island under the Governnjent afbrtsaid a Town consisting of 
considerably above an hundred iamil'.es, and exemplary for all 
christian knowledge & goodness & a church with a worthy 
Pastor in it, about half a scoi-e families (and of a meaner char- 
acter) in tiie Town declared for the Church of England & 
thereupon a Minister of tlieir profession was sent to tliem (one 
Urquhart) who is maintained by the af »resaid Society ; but this 
little company having the advantage (right or wrong) to be 
uppermost, took away from the Dissenters (if it be proper to call 
such a disproportionate number so) their meeting house com- 
puted to be worth six hundred pounds, and compelled them to 
build another. They also seized the Parsonage wliich had been 
until now enjoyed by the Town and is esteemed worth Fifteen 
hundred pounds. The good people there do adorn the doctrine 


of God their Saviour by a most laudable silence & wonderful 
patience under these things. But if such things proceed that 
noble Society for the propagation of Religion in America will 
greatly wound religion & their own reputation also which ought 
to be for ever venerable. 

This was dated 14t'' Oct 1706. 



To the Right Horfi^^ ^ Right Reve)'end Fathe)- in God Henry, 
Lord Bishop of London. 

The memorial of the Clergy of the Colonies of New York, 
New Jersey and Philadelphia in America. 
Humbly Sheweth 

That it has been a general observation that considering the 
number of Inliabitants of the Colony of New York no place 
produces a greater diversity of opinions in matters of Religion. 
Eut how different soever they were in their opinions yet at their 
first settlements into commmiitys as Townships &c tliey were 
generally unanimous in setting aside some quantity of land for 
a provision for a minister M^hene^'er tiiey should be able to 
procure one and altlio' Long Island may justly be said to be more 
divided than any other part of tiie Colony yet the several 
Townships therein following the example of others made the 
same provision & particularly the town of Jamaica (whose 
Inhabitants were composed of Churcli men and Dissenters of all 
sorts) the better to induce a minister to come and abide with 
them did at a general Town meeting in IGCii (according to tlieir 
constant method and which was used in all otlier Townsliips 
within the said Colony) order & soon after build the parsonage 
house now standing in Jamaica by laying a rate upon all the 
Freeholders which rate was assessed upon their meadows (that 
being, the most equal way because every mans right and prupor- 


tion in tliat townsliip did arise from the quantity of meadow 
land lie possessed. 

Afterwards (according to tlieir usual method of Town meetings) 
they appointed persons to procure Ministers for them and to 
agree with them for certain & fix't Salarys being usually about 
Sixty poimds per annum, for the levying wliereof they appointed 
Assessors & Collectors who assessed & levied the said sums on 
tlie lands & estates of all the inhabitants of wdiat sect soever they 
were and for tlie better encouragement of a Minister they not 
only gave liim possession of the said parsonage house but also 
of divers others parcels of land in the said town. 

Tlie said Town as a further encouragement for a Ministry and 
that their habitation & maintenance miglit not be precarious but 
be made an orderly glebe on the 14-th June 1676 at a general 
town meeting it was voted and concluded in these words (viz*) 
That tliere should be forty acres of meadow designed and set 
apart for a parsonage lot in the East neck adjoining to the lots 
of meadow^ laid out with upland proportionable to other lots laid 
out in the town to continue at the dispose of the town to a 
minister when they shall have occasion to make use of it the 
greatest part of wliich Lands & Meadow tliey have lately 
resumed & divided amongst themselves. 

Among the rest of their ministers that came unto them they 
made an agreement with one Mr J. Prudden a Dissent uig minister 
(there being no Orthodox divine sent over as yet) for j£40 per 
:annum but if he staid ten years then to have the Parsonage 
house and house Lot in fee (which agreement they could in no 
wise make having before that time given it for a parsonage) 
however M"" Prudden staid with them the ten years and afterwards 
by another agreement dated the 29 Sept 1693 the said M^" Prudden 
in consideration of other lands given him by that Town by way 
of Exchange conveyed the Parsonage house & land to the 
inhabitants of the said Town to hold as a parsonage to the use 
benefit k behoof of the ministry to them k their heirs for ever. 

During all this time they had not been able to erect a Chiu-ch 
■or public building for the worship of God but usually performed 
the same in the Town house or County Hall, but beginning to 
thrive and finding themselves in a capacity to build and erect a 

Vol. hi. 15 


Ciimxh on the 13*^ day of Sept in the 1G98. at a town meetmg 
the deputed nine persons (some of which were professed 
Churchmen & some Dissenters) in these words (viz*) to carry on 
the work of a Cliurch or meeting house and to see the same 
truly completed & ended. 

Soon after this vote of the Town, in the year- 1699 an Act of 
General Assembly w^as made to enable the respective towns with- 
in the w^hole province to build and repair their meeting houses 
& other public buildings upon which they laid aside tlie prosecu- 
tion of building according to the said Town vote and took hold 
of the said Act by virtue whereof the present Church was built 
and erected in the middle of the highway in tlie main street and 
distress was made on Churchmen Quakers Anabaptists people 
of the Dutch Congregation k<' promiscuously for the payment 
of the rates towards the same — 

But before this time conformable to instructions from his late 
Majesty King William to the Governor for the encouragement of 
Religion in general and the Established Church in j^articular 
and to settle parishes within tlie said province in the year 1693 
an Act of General Assembly passed whereby it was enacted that 
in the several Cities & Counties therein mentioned tliere should 
be called and Inducted and Established a sufficient protestant 
minister amonsfst which one was to be for Jamaica and the two 
adjacent towns and another for Hempstead and its adjacent 
towns but so unhappy was this province as to remain a scattered 
people without any true Shepherd till the year 1697 when the 
Rev<i W Vesey came to the City of New York, however that act 
remained in force to enable any of the places to esta;blish and 
induct Orthodox Ministers when tliey could obtain them from 
England, no others being intended by the express words of the 
act as is conceived neither have the Dissenters made any use of 
this, believing it not to suit their Church Government. — 

Nevertheless it- is confessed that they have made use of inde- 
pendent and sometimes itinerant preachers in no wise ordained, 
out of pure necessity for want of Orthodox preachers and out 
of the same necessity Quakers have been admitted into offices 
of trust at Pensylvanja Avithout taking the Oaths and Justices of 


peace in the province of New York to perform the Office of 
matrimony (tho' both against the known laws. — 

Tn the year 1702 came from England the Reverend Patrick 
Gordon to the Church at Jamaica who before lie could be 
inducted was snatched away by death from those people to their 
unspeakable loss which by a petition signed by upwards of fifty 
inhabitants to Ms then Excellency Lord Cornbury (that noble 
patron of the church here) they did sufficiently express & pray 
his Lordship to give such directions to the Rev^ M"" . . . . Vesey 
that they might have crjustant lectures amongst them until that 
loss shall be made up to them by her Majesty which would tend 
to the advancement of true religion and the best of Churches 
and the reconciling their unhappy differences, the which M"" 
Vesey willingly & faithfully performed till the year 1704 when 
the Revd Mr Urquhart was established & inducted in the said 
Church by the then Governor Lord Cornbury. But one M"" 
Hubbard an Independent Minister being then in possession of 
the parsonage house his Lordship ordered him to deliver up the 
same to M- Urquhart which accordingly was done quietly and 
peaceably without any force and w^as enjoyed peaceably by the 
said M"" Urquhart for several years and the Independents them- 
selves seemed to rest satisfied so far that they unanimously at 
their own expence built themselves a Meeting house in the same 
town which they now use and enjoy — 

In the year 1705 another Act of General Assembly passed for 
the better explaining it more effectual putting in execution the 
former act for settling the Ministry &*= whereby it was enacted 
amongst other things that all the payments made to the present 
Incumbents inducted & established by the present Governor and 
to all and every the incumbents who should hereafter be 
presented instituted and inducted for the maintenance pursuant 
to the said act slioiild be made by the Churchwardens in the 
Ciu-rent money of this province. 

After which it might reasonably have been expected that this 
Church would have enjoyed the same peace as the Church at 
Hempstead in the same County and other the Churches settled 
in this province by virtue of the same Acts of Assembly but 
divisions arising & parties making to heap up Complaints 


against liis Lordship to remove liim from liis Government every 
Act of Government was to be nicely scann'd and amongst the 
rest this Order of his Lordship was called an arbitrary k unjust 
Order and a turning a man out of his possession by force (tho' 
in fact no force was) and it is concieved that WiU"i Urquhart by 
his induction to the Church must take all that belongs to it 
particularly the parsonage so that M^" Hubbards delivery of it 
w^as conceived rightfull & what by law he ought to have done. 
These Clamours stirred up the more rigid and obstinate of the 
Independents to claim the Church as built by them the majority 
in number to the Churchmen but nothing was attempted against 
the Church during that noble Lord's Government. 

But after his removal by the arrival of Lord Lovelace Tliat 
Dormant claim of the Independents did not want its secret and 
open abettors as well to blacken the Lord Cornbury's administra- 
tion in that particular and to increase the number of petitions 
and complaints his enemies had prepared against them as also to 
destroy the established Church that had been peaceably enjoyed 
so many years, accordingly the Cliiefs of that sect in 1709 
presented a Memorial to the Lord Lovelace prajing to be relieved 
therein. The which M'" Urquhart fidly answered but before that 
could come to a hearing the Lord Lovelace feU sick and soon 
after died, nothing being determined in the matter. Thus tlie 
affairs of this Church stood till the death of M»' Urquhart who 
died in August the same year. 

After the death of M'' Urquhart there was nothing but great 
threatenings thundered against the Church and parsonage but 
Col''- Ingoldsby then Lieut: Governor of this Colony recommended 
to the adjacent Ministers to serve the cure alternately during 
the vacancy w^hich they aU did willingly at their own expence 
and in the meantime the Widow of the deceased M^' Urquliart 
w^as suffered to live and enjoy the benefit of the parsonage house 
and Glebe. 

No sooner wtis her Majesty pleased to remove Colonel Ingoldsby 
from the Government whereby the same devolved on Col" 
Gerhardus Beekman as jjresident of the Council, but the very 
next day being the lU^ of April 1710 several of the mor« 
violent of that sect took i)ossession of tlie Churcli and forcibly 


detained the same against a Justice of the peace who came 
pursuant to the laws in that case made and provided and 
recorded the Story as in his view and committed the offenders 
who afterwards were set at liberty upon their recognizances to 
appear at the next Sessions at which time they appeared and 
were by the Court fined so very small that Tho' there were six 
oifenders all their fines amounted to no more than Eighteen 
sliillings which was put upon them not as a punishment but 
rather a cautionary admonition not to attempt any tiling of the 
like nature for the futiu-e wliich mild dealing was so far from 
having any effect upon the Criminals that they put in a petition 
to the President and Coimcil arraigning the Justices of the Court 
of Sessions in passing against them and on their allegations alone 
the Justices were ordered to appear by their Counsel to answer 
before the President & Council concerning what they had 
judicially done in their full Sessions and the Criminals so far 
encouraged as to have their several fines remitted them and the 
Justices dismissed from their further attendance as having acted 
according to Law ; such an examination as this is unwarrantable 
and contrary to the known laws of the land (as we are advised) 
and of dangerous consequence as taking matters out of .the 
ordinary course of the Law by which only they ought to be 
examined & determined. 

After this usage of tlie Justices so contrary to Law, and after 
fc-...h v.ou::L:^ ':^ tlxo Cximhials sho\ui by the President & 
Council, it may easily be concluded tjie Church could not be 
very secure from the further attempts of such bitter enemies 
and accordingly after the arrival of the Rev^ M'' Poyer the 
present minister but before his actually coming to the place they 
entered into the parsonage house upon the possession of the 
Widow of M^ Urquhart who lived in it and kept the Widow out 
of it by force tho she and her Husband liad been in possession 
of the same about Six years (tlio we have since very great 
reason to believe that she connived at their entry for she Wfis 
soon afterwards readmitted as tenant to them with one Wolsey 
an Independent Srudeut and approbationer who has married the 
Daughter of the said Widow Urquhart) and after M^ Poyer was 
inducted into the Church the Justice repaired upon complaint 


to the parsonage house but could get no admittance whereupon 
a second record of forcible detainer was made by the Justice on 
his own view and Warrant issued to the Sheriff to apprehend 
the offenders & to keep them till they should be delivered by 
due course of law but the Sheriff' who had been lately appointed 
hj the President & Council in the room of tiie former deceased 
being a strong Independent told the Justices his conscience 
would not let him do it by wiiich means the ofienders have as 
jet escaped punishment and M'^ Poyer kept out of his possession 
of the parsonage and glebe. 

And here it may not be improper to remember that in Febj 
1702 the Cluu'chwai'dens & vestrymen the major part of w^hich 
w^ere Dissenters called M"" John Hubbard aforesaid to be Minister 
of the said precinct but he never officiated and the Lord Corn- 
bury then Governor here (knowing the said W™ Hubbard not 
qualified to accept of the said call and tliat the Cliurchwardens 
& vestry had lost their right of presenting by calhng an unqali- 
fied person) on the arrival of M' Urquhart in the year 1704 
inducted him into the said Church & parsonage whicli act of his 
Lordship w^as so far from being thought irregular that the 
General assembly by tlie before recited explanatory Act made in 
the year 1705 allowed of the same by ordering tlie salary to him. 

In a short time after the death of M»' Urquliart the Church- 
wardens & vestry (tho new ones yet all independents) in tlie 
same manner called one M^ George Macnish a Dissenting 
Itinerant preacher who being as much if not more uijquahfied 
to accept or officiate than M'' Hubbard the present Governor M' 
Hunter ordered M"" Poyer to be inducted into the said Church 
and its appurtenances which was accordingly done by the Rev^ 
M'^ Sharp Chaplain of the forces here on the 18 July 1710. 

Yet notwitlistanding the said last recited Act of General 
Assembly that enacted that tlie maintenance should be paid to 
the Incumbent that should be inducted k estal^lished the 
Churchwardens refuse to pay Mi" Poyer who is qualified accord- 
ing to the Act any maintenance pursuant to the same (for tho' 
M"^ Poyer has duly officiated tliere for about the space ol One 
year and a half and after a very tedious & expensive voyage 
with his family in a Merchant ship and being cast ashore with 


tlie sMp above one hundred miles from his parish has not 
received one penny of his Salary there since his arrival but on 
the contrary they paid XlG certain (and we believe more that 
we know not of) of the money raised by the said' Act to the 
said M"" McNish. 

This is the unliappy state of the Church of Jamaica in the 
Colony of New York and since it plainly appears that the claim 
of the independents is nothing but their rates towards the build- 
ing of the Church and are more in number & now also in power 
(the magistracy Churchwardens & vestrymen being all of that 
persuasion) we say, since we have no other >claim nor ever had 
any possession according to the Estabhshments made by the 
Acts of Assembly it is also submitted to your Lordship k to 
other impartial unprejudiced and judicious persons to judge of a 
right to a Church thus built and thus establishetl as before at 
large set forth. 

And now because that upon so firm a foundation it may be 
expected that M^ Poyer the present worthy incumbent of this 
unhappy place should by law endeavour to obtain his Salary 
together with the parsonage house and lands detained from him 
by the Independents to which method his Excellency Col^i 
Hunter has encouraged him by promising him to be at the 
expense of the suit, We humbly crave leave to ofter that we 
cannot at this juncture think it at all advisable for him, because 
we are humbly of opinion that a matter of that consequence 
ought not to be i]i such a manner undertaken without the 
express directions of your Lordship and the Honorable Society 
and also because such suit must be commenced before Judges 
who are professed implacable enemies to the Established Churcli 
— Judges who were lately advanced in the room of others, .who 
were men of character and true friends of the Church, at an 
unlucky time when they were actually doing Justice to the 
Church in this particular, and we could heartily have wished 
that his Excellency would have been pleased to have favoured 
M^ Poyers petition by writing to those new officers to enforce 
them in their duty and hope such admonitions would have had 
a good inHuence on them tho' indeed justice from these new 
judges may scarcely be expected after the acting of tlu-ee oJf 


them who upon M' Foyer's complaint against the Chiirc]i 
Wardens for the nonpayment of his first quarters salary gave 
Judgement against him and ordered liim to pay costs, in which 
trial they denied all authority from England in Spiritual matters 
neither is it possible to get an impartial Jury in that County 
where all are concerned in the event and the greater number of 
them stiff Independents. 

The reaSt)ns, may it please your Lordship, that induced us to 
send this representation, are drawn from the certain ruin that 
the loss ol this cause will eventually bring upon the established 
Church in the whole Government of New York, and which can- 
not want its bad influences upon the Church in all the adjacent 
Colony's especially the Jersies & Pennsylvania ; for if upon the 
death of M"" Urquhart who was so firmly estabhshed by two acts 
of General Assembly and after about six years quiet possession 
the salary & parsonage may immediately be seized (with 
impunity) and enjoyed as they are by these Independents, why 
may not the rest of the said places in the said provinces (wliicli 
do all stand upon the same foot) on the death or avoidance of 
the present Incumbents be in Mke manner invaded by them and 
in a little time that if it was to be suffered will breed infinite 
confusion and the dispute will be which of the Dissenters are 
most numerous for to them according to this practice such 
vacancys will belong and consequently the Quakers AnabaptiSls 
t" (+.he?3 e^.eeeding in n'imbers in seme plr.ces) :vill come in foi* 
a share. 

We beg your Lordship to believe that nothing herein contained 
is designed as the least reflection upon any person it being only 
the ti-ue plain matter of fact and which we could not out of a 
diie regard to the interests of the Church & to your Lorilships- 
omit the transmitting to your Lordship that if the s^ effect we 
justly fear should happen to be the consequence of these tlungs 
We may clear ourselves before God & man as having done what 
was possible for us to prevent it. 

All of wliicli is hujubly submitted to your Lordships prudent 
consideration by 


May it please yom^ Lordsliip your Lordsiiips most dutifu] 
& obedient Sons and liumble Servants 
Thos Poyer Eector of the parish of Jamaica & precinct 
Wm Vesey Rector of the parish of New York 
Jno Bartow Rector of the parish & precinct of Westchester 
Evan Evans Rector of Philadelphia 
John Talbot of Burlington 
Aneas McKenzie of Staten Island 
Jacob Henderson Minister of Dover hundred 
John Thomas Rector of Hempstead 
New York 13 Novemb"- 1711. 


New York New Yearsday 1711 

***** '•'M'- Boyse complains that he has given bond for 
some books to the Society for the Library at Harlem* which M*- 
Poyer has and detains from him having given bonds for the same 
books. Having mentioned M- Poyer it naturally leads me to give 
you some account of the Church at Jamaica on Long Island, it being 
under his care ; there is a great disagreement there between the 
Church and the Di'^senters about the Cbu'Th ?T?d the rir?onr'>^ 
house each calling them theirs the parsonage house was in the 
possession of the Dissenters till sometime after the arrival of M^ 
Urquhart and the Dissentei-s were put out of possession by a 
Warrant from my Lord Cornbury without any more ado this 
short way of proceeding so contrary to law very much alarmed 
the Dissenters and encreased their prejudices against the Cliurch, 
Urquhart was not long lived, after his death his Widows Daughter 
by another husband marries a dissenting minister who was put 
by his mother in law into possession of the parsonage house and 
grounds ; the fraud of this woman was a great surprise to tliose 
of the Clmrch and added fresh fuel to tliose flames that before 
raged with too much fury I'm told some of them expected Coll 
Hunter would take the same short method in their favor that 


was done l)ef()re wliicli because he Avill not do tliey are forming" 
representations against him, I hope M*" Poyer lias more prudence 
& justice tlian to be concerned in tliem for to m}' knowledge 
neither the Church of tliat place nor he in particular have any 
reasons to arraign Coll Hunter's conduct in that atiair, I was 
present when lie told me (ami?) the two great patrons of the 
Dissenters that he thought the Church had the fairest claim 
That it being a matter of property it must be decided in a regular 
course of law iji which IM"" Poyer should have liis purse for 
the carrying of it on ; he has often repeated this to M' Poyer & 
pressed him to bring it on, assured him of all the countenance 
and assistance whatsoever that it was j'easonable especially money 
but whatever is tlie matter they do not care to do it. One of 
the leading men among them hinted to me that they duist n(>t 
trust the officers I desired him to make the matter known to the 
Governor who would red]'ess what was amiss I brought liim to 
the Governor he was five hours with him nobody else being there 
but myself he had an opportunity to make Avhat representations 
ne pleased and ask what favors he thought tit he recommended 
k person ^o be higli Sheriff of the County whicii person tlie 
Governor accepted of and assured him he would be very rea<ly to 
;)Ut lit persons into office when men of Character would let him 
*:now.who \\eve such and 1 must do him the Justice to say he 
has on all occasions shewed his i-eadiness to promote the interest 
)f the Cluuch and I believe will prove as great or a greater 
ACncourager of it than any person we have had in liis station." 



New Yorkc Jany otli 1711 

***** "As for the disturbances at Jamaica which 
his (the Governor's) enemies endeavour so much to improve to 
liis disatlvantage I told you in my last it was their own faults 
that matter was not determined i>efore now in favor of the 


Cljurcli because tliey miglit if tliey pleased have been relieved 
long ago, the Governor having in my hearing offered M"" Poyer 
to assist him with money for carrying on that suit at his own 
charge and that not only through this province but to England 
if need was this was done at Jamaica in presence of one of the 
Dissenting Ministers and several others in that interest and 
sometime after that happening to meet M^' Poyer at Westchester 
I asked his reasons for not accepting of that generous offer that 
the Goverr j^ad made him Ids answer was that lie doubted of 
Justice from those in place I told Mm he need not be under any 
difficulties as to that part for if he and his friends would 
recommend such persons as were honest and good men and from 
wliom Justice might witli some assurance be expected I was well 
satisfied Coll: Hunter would commissionate them he having 
already done the same on Staten Island where by a mistake 
several who was not well wishers to the Church were in authority 
and upon M^ M'^Kensie's representing Ms misfortnne by Coll 
Morris to the Government a new set of Officers were appointed 
and such only as were friends to the Church and all things 
made easy to his satisfaction and tliis account I had myself from 
M^ Mackenzie. Now if M'' Poyer and his fiiends could have 
been prevailed upon to liave taken the same measures as his 
cause is undoubtedly very just & reasonable he would have run 
no manner of risk in bringing it to trial so I was entirely of 
opinion it should be determined as soon as it conveniently could 
by those rules the law prescribed and that I should never [allow] 
the Government to make use of an arbitrary and illegal power 
to serve cither Cliiu-ch or State which would not only leave the 
matter still doubtful but instead of serving bring a scandal upon 
the Church for that the warrant which my Lord Cornbury was 
pleased to direct to M^' Cardwell then High Sheriff of tliat 
County to dispossess the dissenting Minister of the Parsonage 
house without any form or due course of law did the Churcli 
more hurt than can easily be imagined. M"" Poyer seemed 
extremely well satisfied witli what I had proposetl and gave me 
reason to believe he would proceed in the manner as I had 
advised him but having since heard notliing from him I can't 
but suppose he is diverted from hi5 good resolutions by some 


who ratlier than Coll Hirnter sliould do anything which might 
manliest his zeal aiid affection to the Chiu-ch the service sliould 
remain undone and her interest suffer this their refusal is a plain 
demonstration they are desirous to keep up the flame to make 
use of a handle to clamour withall and many good & well 
meaning men both of the Clergy and Laity who do n€»t rightly 
understand that affair are by designing men and unfair repre- 
sentations led into an ill opinion of that Gentleman on that 


New York January 26th 1711. 

Sr — Tho I have as often as I have had opportunitys intreated 
you to let me know wherein I could relieve you fi'oni the liard- 
sliips you have Complained of, yet the assurances I have given 
you that I would to the utmost of my power exert m}'self in 
your favor, have met with as lukewarm a reception as the offers 
of my purse to Carry on a Suite at Law against any persons who 
may have opposed the Churches and your Interest in yo^ Parish. 
If I may Judge by the effects they have produced, for as to the 
ono you have not thought fit to comm'^r.oe .ii^y Sirt? zicr t'^at 1 
yet hear to make any step towards it, and as to the other your 
Complaints have been only in generaU that your Stipend is not 
paid, I Desire therefore that you will give m^e your answer forth- 
with to these following questions that I may be particularly 
Informed of the state of your Case and be enabled to possess tlie 
Bishop of London with it Likewise 

1 : Are the Vestry men and Church wardens Chosen pursuant 
to the act 

2: have the Vestry men and Justices laid a reasonable tax fur 
the ministers Salary 

3: if they have neglected to do it have the Justices or any 
two of them, don it after such neglect as they are directed. 

4: if any default or neglect has been made by the Vestry ni^n 


and Justices or any of tliem have you or any body else informed 
against tliem if you Iiave, have the ffines been Collected, if 
neither you nor no body else liave informed why has it been 

5: if a tax ]:!as been laid and a Roll made out liave ye Con- 
stables Collected it if t]iey have has it been by them paid to the 
Church wardens, if they have not, have tliey been informed 
against and the fines Levyed if not why has it been neglected. 
Have the Church wardens received the Tax or any and what 
part of it, and have they paid you anytliing and how much and 
what remains unpaid, if they have received any part of this 
Tax and have not paid it to you, why do you not inform against 
or prosecute them for the penalty inflicted for each default I am 

Reuerend S'^ 



May it please Yo"" Excellency 

In Obedience to yo^ Excellencys Letter of tlie 26"' Instant, I 
humbly say, that it is with y«^ greatest Concern I find myself 
taxed v>'ith a LiiJcewarmness towards y- Ex^J"^ kind oilers for my 
Reliefe from y^ hardships I have long lain under. 

The frequent applications I have formerly made to your 
Excellency proving ineftectual, have obliged me patiently to sit 
down under the burden of tliem for about ffifteen months Last 
past without the least complaint, but wliether these applications 
were particular or too generall, I humbly refer your Excellency 
to the memorialls & petitions I iiave, in relation to this matter 
presented to you, hy Wliicli I hope it will appear (with all sub- 
mission to yo Ex'^^) that I have exerted myself in tliis affair with, 
a zeal suitable to my function, and nothing inconsistent with 
that, will, I presume, be expected from me. 

The Commencing of a Suit at Law on this particidar is of ^ 
the greatest Consequence, as affecting all the Parochial Chiuches 
within this Province w^ii are established upon y^ same founda- 


tion and therefore I acquaint your Excellency wlien you was 
pleased to make that Kind and generous offer of yo'' purse to 
support it, tliat I cou'd not putt a matter of so general Concern 
in action without the advice and Directions of my Diocesan, and 
of tlie Venerable Society fur propagating the Gospel, to whose 
Judgement I Iiave long since submitted the whole affair. 

I have Considered of the Several Questions wcii yo^" Excell. i& 
pleased to desire me to answer, & I humbly conceive that they 
all relate to y^ Duty of the Several officers impowered by y® acts 
of assembly to Raise y« money for y^ minister and poor, there- 
fore do with all submission refer your Excellency to y^ Justices 
of. Peace who can fully Inform your Excellency of ^tlieir pro- 
ceedings, and also of the Cliurch wardens, Vestrymen and other 
officers ConcernYl therein, and of the Severall Defaults or 
neglects, any persons liave been guilty of in y^ Execution of 
those acts, out of tlieir books In which (I suppose) is enter'd all 
y'' transactions relating to y® whole matter yo^" Excellencys 
Questions seem to enquire of, and I do assure your Excellenc}' I 
have not received one ffarthing of my saUary dues by vertue of 
tliose acts since my Induction. 

This, I humbly hope joyn'd with ye memorials and Petitions 
I formerly preferr'd, wall sufficiently inform yo^" Excellency of 
the state of my Case, and answer your Excellency's end, since 
that is already transmitted to yc Lord Bishop of London by 
May it please your Excellency 

Your Excellencys most obed^ 
Jamaica January humble Servant 

30 h 17H Tho^ Pover. 



New York Jany 30th 1711 

Sir — Since my last of tlie 5^*^ Ins' I have had the surprising 
account of a Representation drawn up by some of tlie Gentlemen 
of the Clergy concerning the State of the Church at Jamaica 


wlierein t!iey liiive laid the blame of those misfortunes on Coll 
Hunter's ill conduct. If the information we Iislyg relating to 
this matter are true the Gentlemen of the Clergy must unwarily 
be led into that matter bein^ otherwise impossible so many good 
men could be guilty of so great a mistake. It is true when 
some of the alterations were made in some of the*Ofiiccrs in that 
County on which the Government Enemies would charge the 
Churcli's ruin tliere I was not a little surprised at it myself and 
was of that mind for some time until Coll Hmiter convinced me 
both by words and actions that wheTt he did was for want of 
thorough knowledge of the tempers of those who had advised 
him to it and assured me if they would but for a while be easy 
under it they should be restored or have others to their satis- 
fliction and of this they were told however designing men have 
ever suice kept up the ilame and have made them take contrary 
resolutions notwithstanding tlie pains that others besides myself 
have taken with them on that account as my letters by this con- 
veyance to the Society will inform you had the Intent of the 
representation had no other plot than to have procured peace to 
the Church in Jamaica & to have served her interest there tlie 
Gentlemen of the Clergy would have been coUncilled and have 
taken therein the advice of the Members of the Society in these 
I)arts and the first and most regular step would have been to 
have laid it before the Governor and if no relief was to be had 
on this side the Water then to have applied home for it and had 
they been pleased to put it to this issue neither the Society the 
Clergy nor we should have any trouble in this matter because 
long iDefore any representation was made M'" Poyer had all the 
fair otfers in order to liis relief he could desire of which I have 
been particular in my letters by the mast fleet and this convey- 
ance, I have since my being informed of this representation 
endeavoured to inform myself the best manner I could concern- 
ing that affair whicli is as follow^eth 

When M' Poyer first arrived in this province bringing witli 
him the Bishop of London's Letter that he had sent him from 
Jamaica Coll Hunter did immediately thereupon give him Induc- 
tion but M'" Urquhart's Widow who was then in possession of 
t!ie Parsonage house did by a Wile deliver up the same to the 


Dissenters upon whicli M*" Porer coming to town and acquaint - 
ing the Governor therewith he sent for the Chief Justice M"- 
Mompesson and desired his advice upon that occasion being 
very desirous to serve the Churcli i^ th& best manner he could 
the Chief Justice having taken sometime to consider of it gave 
under his hand that it was not safe or advisable for the Governor 
to concern himself therein for that the dispossessing of them 
otherwise than ])y a due course of law was a high crime and 
misdemeanour as was decreed by my Lord Staffords case. Coll 
Hunter did tliereupon send the Judges opinion to M^' Poyer and 
prayed liim to proceed in that manner and that he would at his 
own expense support him in it some time after M"" Poyer came 
to complain of the Justices and that he was in want of his 
Salary and could get no warrant from them for it upon whicli 
the Governor commanded them to Town wdio to excuse them- 
selves brought under the Collectors hands that there was no 
money in Bank, his Excellency did then not only reprimand but 
with great earnestness expostulate with them at the unreason- 
ableness of not answering M^ Poyer's Salary and told them that 
it was impossible the Act could mean any otherwise than to 
support a Minister of the Churcli and that they ought for their 
own sakes take some speedy care in that matter for that he 
would assist M-^ Poyer Avith his purse to carry on the suit not 
only through this province but to England if need w'as and 
calling for Pen Ink and Paper did while the Justices were there 
write to M^' Poyer pressing him to begin the suit without loss 
of time and after sealing the letter offering it to one of the 
Justices to deliver to M^" Poyer he begged it might be sent by 
some other hand It being hard for him to carry his own accusa- 
tion and one M"" Regner happening to be there told tlie Governor 
he was going to Jamaica so the letter w^as sent by him, some- 
time happening to be at that place with Coll Hunter I went with 
him to pay M^ Poyer a visit who was then sick wlien tlie Gov^" 
took the opportunity again to press him to issue that affair by a 
due course of law and that he should have all the assistance by 
money or otherwise in his power to give him this w-as done in 
the presence of a dissenting Minister wiio lives in Jamaica and 
many others in that Interest and afterAvards meeting with M"" 


Poyer at West Cliester I used all tlie arguments I was master of, 
to prevail witli him to be of the Governors mind and that if he 
vi-uuld let me know what alteration was needful among the 
oliicers that he miglit not want all the lair Justice he could 
desire and I would endeavor to have such as he recommended 
appointed while I talked with him h.e was of my mind but after 
a little while he altered his opinion I am truly concerned ibr this 
Viiry great jnisfbrtune because I have a great value and venera- 
tion for all tliose Gentlemen of the Clergy who I am ii formed 
are concerned in this representation. * * ♦ * 


New Yorkreby4lh 1711 


I am informed since wanting the above that the Church at 
Jamaica is of late very much strengthened by a violent division 
which hath for a considerable time been raging among the Dutch 
ill some of the neigliboui-ing towns concerning their minister of 
whom they have two and their heats being grown. to that degree 
tliat tiiere is now no hopes of a reconciliation many of those 
people have joined M'' Foyer's Cliurch' which has not only 
increased the number of his auditors but his Communicants are 
augmented and if any effectual metliod can be found to bring 
over the English in his parish he would have a noble Congrega- 
tion there being I believe about 8,000 Souls in his parish and is 
large enough for 2 or 3 Churches would the people conform. I 
could not omit telling you this piece of news and to assure you 
that I am &.C 

Caleb IIeatiicote. 

1 Referrins to the diflicuUies between Messrs. Freeman and Antonides in 
Kings Countj, See, ante. 

Vol. III. 16 



New York Feby 11th 1711 


The Ships being still detained by the Ice gives me an 
opportunity of saying something more concerning the aifair of 
the Church at Jamaica and I am not a little surprised that the 
Church's misfortune there is wholly charged on account of the 
alterations in some of the officers there and tliat tliey dare not 
go to law for that reason which is a very great mistake because 
no officers are wanting to do M^" Poyer justice there either in 
respect of his Salary or otherwise but a Sheriff that he might be 
safe as to his Juries for as his actions will be above J£20 in value 
so must be tried by the Chief Justice M^" Mompesson who never 
professed any other religion but that of the Church of England 
and the present Slieriff who had the Charge of that County for 
above a year is a member of the Church at Jamaica and was put 
in that post by Coll Hunter at the request of M^ Foyer's friends 
and altho the removal which was made among the Officers at 
that time was what I would not have advised the Gov to, yet 
the mistake was not so great as represented for sometime after 
those cliarges "were made blaming one of the Gentlemen of the 
Council who advised the Governor to it His answer was that the 
cry of the people was so loud against several of the officers then 
in place that it Avas absolutely necessary, and as for those whom 
he and his friends had recommended the most of 'em were 
dissenters they were on all other accounts much fitter for it ; 
nor were all the old officers turned out nor all in the new 
Commission dissenters as I had been told for that several of the 
Church were still in place & many who had been in before were 
continued It being tlieir design to cast out 111 men and not the 
Church. Now altho' I was not of his mind yet there was truth 
in some things he offered for indeed many of the Instruments 
made use of to settle the Church at Jamaica in its infancy were 
of such warm Tempers and if report is true so indifferent in 
their morals that from the first beginning I never expected it 
would be settled with much peace or reputation for instead of 


taking an effectual care upon its first settling that none were 
employed therein but the best & soberest men and those of the 
fairest Characters & best reputation amongst the people and 
caressing and making use of such to help settle it, one M'' Cardell 
a transient person and of very indifferent reputation was recom- 
mended and made High Sheriff of that County and the settling 
of the Church was left in a great measure to Ms care and conduct 
by these imprudent measures the leading men were disobliged 
wliich soon chased away most of the good and sober people and 
left her only a very thin Congregation ' 

* *• * ***** # * * 

As to the officers m Queens County Coll Hunter hath offerea 
to Coll Morris & me tliat if he would advise Mm to it and really 
believed it Avould be of service to the Church he would again 
alter the Commission and put in the very same he had displaced 
but as they are not many of 'em personally known to us so we 
durst not adventure to give liim tliat advice lest some of them 
being of M Cardell's recommending should be like Mm in 
temper and are rather of. opinion since M^ Poyer & Ms frienas 
will not tell the Government who they really believe to be good 
and sober men and truly fit to be in office that some sober & well 
tempered Gentlemen be sought out who are weU acquainted in 
that County and be desired to get a list of such as are of the 
fairest characters and best reputations as to their parts temper 
& lives and estates and that without any regard of who are or 
have been in place or not a new Commission be issued out 
consisting of the best and most fitting of the people and if any 
thing of that kind will do service to or recover the credit of the 
Church there it must in my opinion be after this manner. 




New York 20th Feby 1711. 

* * * * * " I am told these men [the Clerg-y j arraign 
the Governor's conduct with respect to M^' Poyer and tlie 
Churcli at Jamaica tlie Stiite of that affair I'll lay before 3 ou as 
fully as I can & 'tis thus : — 

In Coll Fletcher's time one party of the Dissenters in the 
County where Jamaica is resolved to build a Church & in order 
to it got subscriptions and materials enough to build it about 
three feet from the ground but finding themselves unable to 
perfect it without the assistance of the rest whicli could not be 
got by persuasion t'ley resolved to attempt the getting an Act 
of Assembly in their ikvor. Coll Fletclier who was then 
Govei-nor and James Graham Esquire who was tlien Speaker of 
the Assembly perceiving the Assembly inclined to raise money 
fpr tiie budding of that Church and settling a maintenance for 
Ministers tliought it a fit opportunity to do something in favour 
of the Church before the zealous fit left them. Accordingly 
Gra'iam who had tlie drawing of their Bills prescribed a Met'iod 
of Induction and so managed it tliat it woidd not do well for the 
Dissenters and but lamely lor tlie Chui'ch tho' tvvoukl do with 
the help of the Governor and that was all ; but 'twas tlie most 
that could be got at that time for had more been attempted the 
Assembly had seen tliro' the artifice the most of tiiem being 
Dissenters and all had been lost. Dy virtue of this Act tlie 
Church was built and a dissenting minister called and if I 
mistake not paid ; the other Dissenters who were forced to 
comply were very nuich dissatisfied at this procedure of their 
brethren and many of them appeared in the interest of the 
Chm-ch thinkijig no way so effectual to defeat their ad^ ersaries 
and this was the beginning of the Church of England in .Jamaica 
on Long Island the Church & parsonage house continued in tliC 
poss( ssion of the Dissenters till some time after the arrival of 
M'" Urquhart when a representation was made to my Lord 
Cornbnry that the Church & house being built by pul^hc Act 


could btelong to none but the Church of 'England. My Lord 
upon this gives his WaiTcint to dispossess the Dissenters wliich 
immediately by force was done without any procedure at Law 
& Mr Urquhart put into possession of thera : this short method 
might be of some service to tlie Minister but was very far from 
being of any to the Church as no such unaccountable step ever 
can be. M'' Urcjuhart kept the possession during his hfe and 
tho' he gained not many converts yet his conduct was so good 
tliat I don't think he lost any. After M"^ Urquhart's death his 
Widow's daughter married a dissenting IMinister and she put the 
parsonage house into his possession in which it continues 'till 
now ; this happened much about the lime of Coll Hunter's 
arri\'al. Whether application was made to him or no I can't tell 
but some changes in the Magistracy being nuide & by a naistake 
one or two put in that were patrons of t le Dissenters, M''Poyer 
& his friends clicse to apply to these tliey weie sure would 
refuse them and not , to those in place who were firm to their 
interest and being refused complained to tlie Gov'' who immedi- 
ately sent ibr the person and ordered liim to be prosecuted that 
it might appear whether lie had failed in his dutj- or not wiiether 
tlie i)rosccMtion was confirmed or not I can't tell but I happened 
to be ill the Govcrnor-s Cliamber when his Judge and a Dissenting 
MiiLSter came in and tliis matter was talked of he said that the 
intention of the Legislature at that tihio was to raise a main- 
tenance for a Dissenting Minister, all the Assembly but one 
being dissenters and knowing nothing of the Church but that 
being th.e intention of the law makers was tlie meaning of the 
law and he hoped tlie Dissenters might enjoy what whs so justly 
tlieir (.hie or at least mA to be deprived of it without due course 
of law iis tlicy formerly liad Ijeen. I told him the Legislature 
did not consist of tlu; assembly only but of the Governor and 
Council j lined with them whose intentions might be quite 
otheruis • and I believed that it was most certain tlie Governor 
at t'lHt lime never intended to settle a Dissenting Clergy, that 
the me;iiiiiig of the Legislature was the meaning of the whole 
I^cgsl.ilure and not of any part and was most likely to be found 
our ')••. i'ie words of the Act which most plainly appeared in 
favor of t!ie Oiiurch of England; the Governor joined in the 

246 PAPKRt- relatiing to ciiorches in queens county. 

argument and argued with a great deal of force in favor of the 
Church who he said he could not help thinking was in the right 
with respect to their claims that they might be sure matters of 

property be determined by the ordinary course 

of the law by which perhaps they being numerous might w^eary 
Mr Poyer l^eing a poor man but tliat M'' Poyer should have his 
purse for the carrying on that suit ; a day or two afterwards told 
M^ Poyer so himself ; sometime after that wrote to him giving 
the Gf^ntleman who carried the letter in charge to tell him be 
still continued in the same mind the Goverr being at Jamaica 
repeated the offer of bearing the whole charge of the suit & 
pressed M^ Poyer to undertake it. Col] Heathcote also pressed 
him to undertake it giving liim the same assui-ance from the 
Governor & Poyer Promised to do it but has been prevailed on 
to decline that method (as he says) 'till their representation 
reach England and I beUeve the poor man and liis friends are 
weak enough to believe that their superiors there will enter into 
measures to displace the Governor for not' Dragooning in their 
favor as his predecessor did or get orders for his so doing which 
may gratify their little Itch and thats all, for it will be very far 
from doing any good. 

The Act to settle the Church is very loosely w^orded which as 
tilings stood then wiien it was made could not be avoided the 
Dissenters claiming the benefit of it as well as we and the Act 
without such resting will admit a construction in tlieir favor as 
well as ours they think it w^as intended for them and that they 
only have a right to it — 

There is no comparison in our numbers and they can on the 
death of the Incumbents call persons of their own persuasion in 
every place but the City of New York and if by force the Salary 
is taken from them and paid to the minister of the Cliurch it 
may be the means of subsisting those ministers but they wont 
make many converts among a people who think tliemselves very 
much injured — Whereas let this matter be once regularly 
determined and then their mouths are for ever stopped and they'l 
live in [peace and] then the Chiu'ch will in all probability 
flourish & I believe [it J liad at this day been in a much better 
condition had there been no Act in her favor for in the Jersieg 


& Pensylvania where there is no Act iu her favor there is four 
times the number of Chiu'chmen than there is in this province 
of New York and they are so most of them upon principle. 

Whereas nine parts in ten of ours will add no great credit to 
whatsoever Chm-ch they are of, nor can it be well expected other- 
wise for as New England excepting some families was the scum 
of the old so the greatest part of the English in this province 
was the scum of the new, who brought as many opinions almost 
as persons but neither Religion or Virtue and have acquired a 
very little since It is with the rising Generation the work is to 
be done k Schools will be one great means of doing it but of 
that I shall give you my thoughts by another conveyance having 
I fear too much tired you with the length of this I thought it 
my duty to do the Governor Justice and speak what I know to 
be true of him had he proved an enemy instead of a friend to 
the Church I should not have scrupled to have wrote the truth 
of him with the same freedom I did of his predecessor — 

Since the writing of the above the Governor wrote to M'^ Poyer 
a copy of whose letter is enclosed N" ( ) to which M^" Poyer 
made the answer N" ( ) In it he confesses the offer the Gov' 
made him of his purse there was two or tliree days consultation 
between Vesey Henderson & Poyer to form tliat letter in which 
(agreable to their otlier conduct) they have taken care to set the 
several parts at variance one with another I have made some 
observes on it which follow — 

Affirmation . 
The frequent applications I 
have formerly made to your 

Whether these applications 
were particular or too general 

Excellency proving ineffectual i I humbly refer your Excellency 
have obliged me patiently to sit j to the memorials & Petitions I 
down under the burthen of J have in relation to tliis matter 
them for about 15 mo^ last past jj presented you and a little lower 
without the least complaint. || I acquainted yom- Excellency 
when you was pleased to make that kind & generous offer of 
your purse to support it that I could not put a matter of so 
general concern in Action without the advice & direction of my 
Diocesan and of the Venerable Society &c to whose judgement I 
had long since submitted the whole affair — 



1st If M^' Poyer had made frequent applications & gave the 
Governor several Memorials & Petitions and liad represented 
that matter to my Lord of London and the Society, how can it 
be said that he sate down patiently without making tlie least 
complain t? 

2ndiy ^Vs it cannot be supposed that he made any memorials 
or petitions without complaining, so 'tis very plain i'rom his own 
words he could make none to the Governor for to what end could 
these memorials &° be if he was resolved not to meddle in a 
case of so general concern without the direction of the Society 
&,<^ to whom he had as he says submitted it — 

3'"y If any memorials & petitions Avere made to the Governor 
they must be made before or after the beginning of the 15 
months not after by his own confession and before lie could not, 
for from his Induction July IS^h 1710 to the 18"i October 
following there was but one Quai-ters Salary due and wh.etlier 
it would be paid liim or not he could not tell 'till he had ustd 
the methods directed by Law which he did on the 27 h ibllowing 
being nine days after, so that before there was no room fur any 
application petition or memorial to the Governor 

What he gives as an answer to the several Questions the 
Governor proposed is not witli that modesty I think became him 
for it was hJs proper business to get the Information tlie Govcr'" 
d: sire(i he being the person aggrieved and not to b:d the Govej-nor 
do tliat himself: he concludes with hoping that letter joined witli 
the memorials & Petitions he had formerly prefened wMild 
sulnciently inform his Excellency of the stale of his case. 

Any person or Stranger to things that read this and the 
foregoing parts of his letter would conclude that lie had presented 
several memorials & petitions witliout any effect but as it is phuhi 
by whuit goes before he could not, so really he did net, ai;d 
notliing is more untrue what he asserts far tlie Govejiior 
protests he never had any ot! er papers petitions or memorials 
from him or any body else relating to the Chnrcli of Jamaica 
thnn the Copy N" ( ) and that N" ( ) tlic first a loose ScjIo 
of paper signed by nobody & wrote in such a manner as I should 
have been ashamed to h.ave given to an equal the other a Copy 


of a Record of Coiu-t signed by the Clerks but if men will give 
themselves leave to say anytliing who can be safe. 

M'" Vesey who had and still makes a tool of that weak man 
Poyer with liira prevailed upon M'" Evans of Pliiladelphia and 
M Talbot as I am UAd by some of themselves to sign a Repre- 
sentation in direct terms against the Governor ; this representation 
was not made (ms all representations ought to be) at a general 
meeting oi' the Clergy but drawn up in private and so sentabuut 
to get the subscrij)tions of as many as they could for this end 
they brought it to M'" Makenzie on Staten Island who no sooner 
read it but discovered the filsehood & wickedness of it and 
convinced Mr. Talbot who I believe signed without reading of 
it on the credit of M^" Vesey Henderson and Poyer for he 
exclaims very- much against Vesey for sui-prising him into the 
signing of a paper just as he was taking Boat : this Representa- 
tion by the unanimous consent of these that Avere tliere present 
was destroyed but however a representation running in their 
heads and they a Gogg to be dabbling in politics (an inclination 
which I wish our missionarys had less of) a representation was 
resolved upon to be made to my Lord of London of. the state of 
the Church of Jamaica. It was signed by tliose who were there 
and sent about to get the hand of the rest many of whom signed 
it tho' at the remotest distance and probably Strangers to matters 
of fact as well as unconcerned int'ungs relating to this Province. 
The Governor being informed of these things resolved to set 
that affair in a true light and convince those of tlicir errors 
whom wealmess and not malice had engaged in it Accordingly 
sent for all the Clergy in his Government and to as many as 
came he made tliis Speech N° ( ) who next day presented the 
address N" ( ) they seemed to be ashamed of their procedures 
and I suspect they have but too much reason to be so for all our 
endeavours cannot prevail on them to discover the contents of 
that Representation and why they should so industriously ftoncral 
it I caif t see except it be that it won't bear the light in t'lis part 
of the world where matters can be examined into. * * * 




New York Feby 25th 1711. 

Sii- — I am afraid' you will think tliat I make too ample 
amends at tliis time for the short & imperfect liints which the 
perplexity of affairs on this side permitted me only to give you 
until now neither did I think there was any thing amiss in the 
conduct of oui' Missionarys tliat time & good advice might not 
rectify for I had not altered my opinion of them as to the 
generahty they are men of piety & industry and whilst tiiey 
keep themselves within the sphere of their mission & function 
unexceptionable as sucli I have ever treated them & hved with 
them as I thought in the most perfect friendship and confidence, 
This serves for prologue to a story which will not less surprise 
you than it startled me-^ 

Coll: Heathcott told me that he was privately informed that 
there had been a representation against me carried about to 
some of the Clergy for subscriptions I could not believe it being 
conscious to myself of nothing that I had done left undone or 
intended with relation to the Chui'ch's Interest that the most 
consummate malice could ground a representation upon. That 
worthy Gentleman was of the same opinion but positive that 
there was sucli a representation for wliicli reason he in conjunc- 
tion with Coll Morris as members of the Society thought fit to 
wi'ite a letter to M*' Vesey and M' Henderson in whose hands 
they understood this paper to be and who were the principal 
contrivers and promoters of it Signifying tliat they had been 
made acquainted with the designs and desired to know the 
meaning of it that if anything were wanting for the Church's 
Interest they might join witli them in proper measures to pro- 
cure it & redress what was amiss; all the eflect that this letter 
had upon these two Gentlemen was a deep concern for the 
discovery and some sharp reproaches on one another as the 
discoverers neither could the Rev^ M-- Sharp obtain a sight of it 
tho' he solemnly promised to join with them in representing 
anything for the Churcli's Interest provided it did not contain 

1 In another copy—" I am glad." — Ed. 


unjust or groundless reflections on the Govt rnor that Gentleman 
has given an account to the Lord Bishop of Loudon how he was 
used by them I shall not trouble you with it so am to answer to 
accusations from persons I know not whom, of crimes I know 
nothing of & before Judges whom I am not to know for after all 
our efforts this matter is like to remain a Mystery to me without 
measures which nothing can induce me to take, and indeed 
without the repeated advice of these two worthy Gentlemen 
founded on their apprehension of the old maxim Miquid 
Mhcerelit I would have been silent. 

I must begin by attesting the all discerning Searcher of Hearts 
of the sincerity of mine in my good wishes and best endeavours 
for propagating the true interests of our Holy Mother in whose 
communion ever since I was capable of a sober thought I have 
lived and by the blessing of God am resolved to die. In the 
next place I appeal to the evidence of all sober men Clergy or 
Laity for a testimony of my conduct in my station with relation 
to that interest but being to guess at the particular facts of which 
I am accused I can think of none that can so much as afford 
a pretence for such a representation unless it be the affairs of 
Jamaica Church, here and that must only be in the opinion of 
such as think that all laws human & divine are to be set aside 
when they come in competition with what they conceive to be 
the secular Interest of the Church. 

I see by one of yours that the Society is not unacquainted 
with the true state of that matter but I must beg leave to inform 
you so far as I have been concerned in it. 

Mf Poyer having the Society's Mission & my Lord Bishop of 
London's recommendation to that Church I upon his first appli- 
cation granted him induction. The Dissenters were in possession 
of the Manse house by contrivance of the Widow of M^^ Urquhai-t 
the former Incumbent whose Daughter was married to a Dis- 
senting Minister there, I consulted the Chief Justice Mompesson 
how far I might proceed towards putting M'" Poyer in possession 
who gave his opinion in writing that it could not be done other- 
wise than by due course of law without a high crime & misde- 
meanor this opinion I sent to M^ Poyer & begged him to 
oommence a suit at my cost but heard nothing from liim until 


some time after lie came to me to complain tliat the Justices of 
that County l^iad not done liim right when required in procuring 
]\iin his Quarters stipend upon which I sent for the Justice he 
named and expostulated with him [on] the imprudence and 
unreasonableness of that proceeding lie replied that he had done 
all tliat ]ie was empowered to do by law and give me, the reasons 
of t!ie Church Wardens against the coniplaint of M'' Poyer in 
t lat County Court which were as follows, First because w'e had 
no money Se condly we had no orders from the Justices of Vestry 
according to an Act of Assembly Thij-dly Because we tliought 
M'' Poyer not qualified according to tl e Act. So after h.aving 
argued ttie matter of right with him from the words of tiie Act 
in presence of Coll: Morris and M'" Regnier of tins place I told 
him that I would forthwith give directions thatM'' Poyer should 
commence a suit against him and that they should not Hatter 
themselves that it might be dropped- thro' M Poyer's present 
wants f T he should not want v/ '.! ere wi thai! to carry it on through 
all the h'U ,tiis so just a cause required and accordingly Avrote to 
M'' Poyer t-.^ vhat purpose whic'i letter I dt sired the Justice to 
cai-ry ;!i'(l 'le begged to be excused alledging it were hard to 
oblige him lo carry his own condemna!icn so I gave tliat trouble 
to M' Regnier ■■ ho undertook to deliver it wit'i his OAvn hands 
M Coe the Justice mentimed told me tliat all this was a practice 
of one Clous a most vici uS wretch into whose hands M'' Poyer 
unfortunately i-'h at Ids first setting out and lodg'd in his house 
led by his jiretcndcd zeal lor tlic Chu.rcii but as lie himself lias 
since owned to ?vl»' Sharp, he was soon obliged to change his 
lodgings few of Ids own Communion desiring to come near him 
whilst lie was in so bad company for said M'' Coe there were 
ot'ier Justices of tiie C'lurc't's communion upon the place which 
]night possibly have made a stretcli in lier favor if they I'ad l^een 
applied to and w'lioii we mig'it liave acquiesced in for quiet. 
But the fetch was that I by going these lengths disoblige all those 
of my own communion or refusing incur the displeasure & harsh 
opinion of the Gover^ 

Sometime after perceiving tliat M'' Voyer made no account of 
Av'iat I had s.'iid or wrote to him being on Long Island I took 
o-^'^asion to pay him a ^dsit k pressed him again in the presence 


of both parties to commence his suit all otlier methods besides 
the legal being a real detriment to tlie Church's Interest and only 
a temporary decision ; some time after Avlien M Poyer did me 
the fevor of a visit I begged of him since he was not pleased 
witli the methods tliat I had advised he would be pleased to 
write me down what it was tliat he would have me do protesthig 
that if it; was not against t!ie established laws or known rules of 
Justice I would comply with it, all the return he gave me was 
that he had long since submitted it to his superiors at liome & 
so could make no further steps in it without their ad\ ice. 

This is the true state of this case, I sliall now bcgg leave to 
discover the secret spring that has set this matter in motion. 
The Rev" M^' Vesey Rector of Trinity Churcli here had, it seems 
in compliment to a great man then on this side, taken occasion 
to use me ill, before he knew me of which I was soon informed 
after my arrival and for which reason I did all tliat was in the 
power of man by good oiFices and civilities, which lie was 
pleased to call constrained, to persuade him into a better opininn 
of me; His Provocacons increased in the Proportions that my 
kind usage did (I speak nothing but what is known to t'le wliole 
Province) and despairing ever to extort a Persecution from me 
he casts about for another Plot to hurt me, Perswades M Poyer 
that tliere is danger and a deep design in the Try all tluit I so 
much prest, by this means he gains these Points, takes an oppor- 
tunity from me of manifesting my zeal for the Churcli, wliicli he 
has so often called in Question and gets y^ unwary & least dis- 
cerning part of the clergy here to set their hands to a ])aper 
without enquiring into the truth of the matter contained in it, it 
being mentioned to them as an affair tliat required tlie greatest 
secrecy & of the last consequence to the Interest of the C'lurch, 
Thus had this gentleman contrived to put me under a necessity 
as he thought of either doing an Act of violence in the favour 
of the Church (whereas the wound given her by an act of that 
nature in the same case remains smarting to this day) and so 
unavoidably and deservedly being recalled with disgrace from 
my Government or of running the hazard of being represented 
no friend to Her Interest and consequently unworthy to continue 
in it. 


But to lay the Mistery of this Iniquity, for so it is, a little 
more open, the Reverend Person so often mentioned in whose 
eyes the best actions were crimes, took much exception at my 
putting in repair Her Majesty's Chappell in the Forffe sent me 
by M'" Sharp some messages about that matter, which for the 
reverence I bear his wholy function I choose not to repeat. 
When I iirst entered upon that design I acquainted him with it 
and he made not then the least objection to it, which made those 
messages V\e more surprizing. I sent for him and reasoned 
with him upon that head, from the Decency, Expediency and 
necessity of it, that Chappell being one of the oldest Houses of 
Prayer in the place, tho' for some time past a Eear Garden, 
I urged fliat the souldiers had no room nor place in the Church 
neither was it safe to march the Garrison so far from the Fort, 
and that Her Majesty paid a Chaplain for that particular purpose, 
and had graciously bestowed Plate, Books & other Fui^niture for 
the use of it ; but all this served only to plunge him into a fit 
of Passion @ me into a deep astonishment, I referred him to 
the Right Rev<^ the Lord Bishop of London, that most worthy 
Prelate in a letter to me injoyued me to bear with his Infirmities 
whilst he endeavoured to set him right, which is the conduct I 
have hitlierto nicely observed with relation to that Gentleman. 
He having received advice from my Lord of London declared 
to every body that he was blamed by that Bishop in every thing 
or (in his own words) that he was cast in the Bishops Court, but 
that if all the Bishops of England were of the same opinion w*^ 
that noble Prelate, he would be of his own still but for the 
futiu'e would not meddle with tlie Chappell or any other of the 
Governors aifairs. Happy had it been for him, me and you, for 
then you had not had this trouble if he had continued long in 
that good Resolution but there- came over hither one M*" 
Henderson a missionary with a neAv Light who was pleased to 
define the repairing of the Chappel a Schism, and having by 
that means set us all on fire again, he is upon his departure for 
England charged with the clandestine representation. This 
young Gentleman came from England not long ago for Dover 
Hundred in Pensilvania whether he disliked the people or the 
people him I cannot tell but he remayned but a very short time 


among tliem and returning to Burlington in the Jerseys M"^ 
Talbot got him to supply his place during his absence, being 
come himself to New York to pursue a resolution he had taken 
of going to England; Col. Quary acquainted me that in his 
Passage through Burlington he found that poor congregation all 
in a flame, M^' Henderson it seems had thought fit in performing 
Divine Service to leave out that prayer in the Litany for Victory 
over Her Majesty's enemies, and the prayer appointed to be said 
in the time of War ; The cheif of that congregation had took 
exceptions at this, but he gave them no other reasons for so 
doing but that M'^ Talbot had done so, they replyed that having 
been long acquainted with M^" Talbots exemplary life they were 
willing to bear with liis scruples, but he could pretend none 
having formerly never omitted them & further that this would 
look as if that congregation could not bear any such prayers 
which was a thing far from their hearts, and intreated him. to 
pray as he was appointed by l]is superiors, or they would not 
wilhngly assist at them for the future. M^ Quary desired me to 
speak to M'* Talbot upon this head I begg'd of him first to do so, 
and then if there was any necessity I wou'd, he did so, & the 
result was that M^" Talbot went back to Burlington and Mi- 
Henderson came hither to go for England in his place, having in 
charge the secret Rep" mentioned ; one thing more with relation 
to that young gentleman known to me no otlierwise than by the 
civihties I have paid him, I cannot omitt, M^" Willocks a zealous 
church man here told me, that he had used the most reverend 
the Primate of all England w'^ most scurrilous and opprobrious 
language, for which he reprimanded him, & for the truth of 
whicli he desired that his, M^" Talbots & M^" Vaughan's oaths 
might be taken being present at the conversation. Thus this 
Gentleman having set us all on fire goes over to justify his own 
unaccountable conduct by accusing of the Innocent. 

Since the writing of the above some Incidents have changed 
the situation of affairs in some measure M^ Henderson having 
industriously shew'd about a letter of M'^ Talbots accusing the 
Reverend M^" St Clare Missionary in Pensylvania of having run 
away with his Landlord's wife, M"" St Clare upon his arrival here 
took out a Writ ag^t ]^\^ foj. Defamation and M"" Henderson 


being advised of it returned to Pensilvania. The inclosed letter 
from Coll Quarj to Captain Gordon will sufficiently inform you 
of the malice of tliat Tlept". I shall only acquaint you that this 
gentlewoman is bourjd for England with leave from her husband 
who spoke to Capt" Gordon for a passage for her when he wns 
there, whether tlie report was in order to prevent his going to 
England or to take of tlie force of what lie might represent at 
home ; in relation to the affairs of that Province, I s^.all not 
determijie but must affirm their was neither Prudence nor 
Christianity in propagating it upon so slender grounds. This 
affair however gave me time to convocate the Clei-gy, to whom I 
spoke as in the Paper marked (A) and next day had their answer 
marked (B) which I think sufficiently clears me of any sugges- 
tions to my disadvantage in that Rep» whic;i it seems is still to 
remain a secret, for reasons best known to themselves. The 
Rev' M*" Bridge v\-]]en it was presented to him ask'd if the Gov 
had seen it, and being told no he refused to sign it, M'' Mackenzie 
and M^" Thomas told me, tiiat had they foreseen the use that was 
intended to be made of it, and its consequences, they would 
never have signed it, the latter using this expression, that he 
would have sooner burn't his hand to a stump than have signed 
to it. These and some others have owned that there was one 
Repres" in direct terms against me offered to them Avhich they 
rejected with, scorn. 

To prevent all such clandestine measures for the future I have 
proposed to themthf)t there be two yearly Convocations at Avliicli 
they may concert & agree upon Avhat may be requisite to be 
represented for the ciiurches or their Interest to wliich I have 
promised my hearty concurrence. 

%• Sec, post, among the "Papers relating- to the City of N. York," a.i Address 
to the Bisliop of London, against Air. Vcsey. 




Eev"'^ Gentlemen — I have given you the trouble of this 
meeting upon these accounts 

First that I may advise with you and be advised by you as 
to what measui-es may be necessary for promoting the true 
Interests of the Church in gen'' in these parts: For though I 
cannot accuse myself of any omission in that respect witliin the 
bounds of my power and the limits of the law, yet in the multi- 
tude of councilors there is safety wliich may supply the defects 
of the most sincere and hearty Intentions. 

In the next place to Inform you in as particular a maner as 
may be of all my proceedings with Relation to the Chui'cli 
e^tabhshed at Jamaica because as I am Informed these have been 
made use of as a pretence for some Insinuations little to my 

Upon Mr Foyer's arrival and liis first application I Granted 
him Induction into that Church. Being Informed that the 
Manse house was by the artifices of a woman in tlie possession 
of the dissenters who claim'd it as their right I consulted the 
Chief Justice how farr I might legally proceed in putting the 
Incumbent in possession, who gave his opinion in writing that it 
was a high crime and misdemeanure (If I rightly remember) to 
putt Mm In possession by any other method than a due course 
of law. 

This opinion of his I sent to M"^ Foyer. 

M^" Foyer came to me some time after to acquaint me that the 
Justices had ref us'd to procure the pay* of liis Quarter sallary as 
directed by the act. Upon wliich I sent for the Justice he 
nam'd, and expostulated with him the unreasonableness of sucli 
their proceedings being convinced that the present Incumbent 
had aU tlie right that one act of assembly could give to that 
senary etc: and in the presence of several Gentlemen now in 
toun told him that they should not flatter themselves that the 
necessitous Circumstances of the Incumbent might prevent or 
delay Justice for he sliould have my purse to carry on the suit 

Vol. III. 17 


to all the lenghthfi the cause reqmr'd or the law would permitt, 
and accordingly wr te o M"" Poyer to that purpose which letter 
M^ Renier undertook to dehver Judge Coe declining to do't 
ahedging that it was carrying his own condemnation. 

Hearing nothing from M^ Poyer and being Inform''d that he 
had not made any one step toward what I had advised I took 
occasion being upon Long Island to pay him a visit and in the 
presence of many Gentlemen press'd him again to commence Ms 
suit at my cost there being no possible final determination of 
that matter besides the method propos'd. Sometime after when 
M'" Poyer came to see me, I beg'd of him that since nothing I 
had said could prevail with him to putt his case In suit, he 
would be pleas'd to give me In writing what he would have me 
do for his reliefe. All the answer he gave me was this that he 
had Long since submitted that matter to his superiors and 
without their advice he could not move in it. 

The last Etfort I made was tliis letter to which I receiv'd this 
answer, both which I recommend to your perusal and then to 
your opinion whether any of these Questions so material toward 
a true state of the case and proper means for a remedy be 
answered save one. 

I am ignorant of the true cause of his backwardnesse but I'll 
tell you the pretended one. It is that he dare not submitt his 
case to a Judge who is a dissenter. For my own part I wish from 
my heart that there were none such in the Province either 
amongst the Judges or the People, But such are not precluded 
by ye Laws from the Bench, and the sheriflfe upon wliose choise 
the Jurys and consequently the cause depends Is one recom- 
mended by Mr Poyer and his Friends, tliis by the by; But to 
show you how groundlesse and frivolous that pretence is being 
a matter of Property and above the value of 20ibs that is In 
dispute, it is not cognizable before these Judges but the chiefe 
Justice who I hope no body wiU say is an enemy to the Churches 

What remains Gentlemen is only to assure you, that though I 
have a conscience that bears me witnesse that I have left nothing 
undone for the true service of the Chui'ch of Engl^ of wdiich I 
am a hearty though unworthy member and so am purpos'd by 


tlie Grace of God to dye yet I shall now and at all times lierc- 
after be very ready to be Informed and advis'd by you in what- 
soever you may agree upon to be necessary for advancing her 
true Interests in these parts. And so I recommend my actions 
to your scrutiny and favourable construction and my self to 
youi' prayers. 


To His Excellency Egbert Hunter Esq^ Cap* General and 
Governour in Chief of her Majesties Province of New York 
New Jersey & Territories depending thereon in America and 
Vice Adniii-al of the same &c. 

The humble adress of the Clergy of the Province of New York 
May it please your Excellency 

We the Clergy of her Majesties Provinces of New York being 
in obedience to yo"^ Ex^y^ desire assembled taking into Con- 
sideration your Excys favourable speech to us do with all 
submission return the following answers to the several particidars 

The establishment of the Churcli here by Act of Assembly 
being so precarious and lyable to so many inconveniences, we 
beg your Ex-'y to advise us whether it may be proper for us to 
address her majesty to settle it on a surer foundation, not only 
in such places where it is already in some measm-e planted, but 
in other places, where the benefit of that act has not yet 

In relation to the affair of Jamaica we assure your Ex^y that 
such of us as have already made any Representation thereof 
designed not thereby any reflection on your Ex^ys administration. 
On the Contrary we gladly embrace this opportunity to retui-n 
your Ex'=y our humble and hearty thanks for granting M'" Poyer 
Induction immediately upon liis arrival notwithstanding the 
designs of the adversaries of the Church there to prevent it, and 
for consulting the Cliief Justice in what might be proper for his 
Effectual Relief and Settlement. And we are very sorry that 
the Justice of whom IVI^ Poyer complained cctuld not be prevailed 


upon by your Ex^ys Expostulation to perform his duty, not- 
withstanding your Ex<=y was pleased to assure him M^ Poyer 
should not be born down by reason of his low Circumstances, 
but should be supported in his Suite by the generous assistance 
of your Ex^ys purse. 

We are divided in our opinions about bringing tliis matter to 
a tryal at Law because some that have signed a Representation 
of this case are still of opinion that it ought not to be brought 
to a "Tryal, till the Bishop of London (to whom they have 
adi-essed it) give his directions therein. Tho' others that have 
signed the said representation do concurr with those that have 
not in the method Yo'' Ex^y proposes for redi-essing M'" Foyers 
Grievances. Being now better satisfyed in what your Excellency 
informs us that it is only cognizable before those from whom we 
can expect more Impartial Justice. 

We are sorry M^" Poyer did not return your Ex^y a more 
particular and satisfactory answer to your Ex^y*^ Questions but 
he assures us he was not then capable of doing it, and that the 
deficiency of his answer did not proceed fi-om want of respect 
to your Excellency. 

We cannot but express our hearty satisfaction in the firm 
assurances your Ex^y has been pleased to give us of your sincere 
affection to the Church and Zeal to promote her Interest, in the 
acknowledgement whereof we heartily pray your Ex^y may 
plentifully share in those sure blessings promised to all those 
that love her, and seek her peace begging your Ex^y to believe 
that we shaU ahvayes be ready (agreeable to her principles) to 
behave ourselves with all dutyful respect and obedience to your 
Ex'^ys administration and subscribe our selves with all sincerity 
May it please your Ex<=y 

Your Excellencys 

Most faithful humble servants 
Will™ Vesey Henricus Beys 

Chris: Bridge Thos Poyer 

.SIneas M<=Kenzie John Sharpe 
John Thomas Daniel Bondet 

John Barbour Alexander Innes ' 

%• For another address of the Clergy to the Governor see, Ante. p. 129. 



7ber 1C93. The act of Assembly for Settling y^ Ministry was 

Jany 1702. The first Vestrymen & Churchwardens were chosen 

at Jamaica. 
1702. M"" Hubbard a Dissenting minister was called by 

the Churchwardens & Vestry. 
Aug* 1704. M'" Urquhart was Inducted by power from my 

Lord Cornbury. 
1706. An Act of Assembly past which confirmed that 

1710 In Y® ? ^^' Macknesh a Dissenting Minister was called 
„ . > by the Churchwardens & vestry who are all 
Sprigs- ^Dissenters. 
1710 July 18. M»' Poyer was Inducted by power from his Exc'y 

Coll Hunter. 
I humbly conceive that no person that has y^ presentation to 
a Benefice can doe it twice. So that if an unqualified person be 
presented he that presented liim cannot afterwards prefer 
another, this was the Case of M"^ Hubbard who being a Dissenter 
was not qualified to accept for which reason my Lord Cornbury 
gave Induction to M^ Urquhart & y^ Assembly by y® said last 
act declare it to be vahd. 

Tliat M"" Macknesh has been lately called by y® Vestry &c. 
•but by his being a Dissenter was not qualified to accept & 
therefore M"^ Poyer is Inducted by power from his Exc'y & being 
so Inducted is Intituled to every thing that belonged to his 
predecessor M^' Urquhart & consequently to y® Sallary whicli is 
now about to be appropriated to a Dissenting Minister. The 
first act for Settling y« Ministry lay dormant w'^ us 9 years 
because we' had no Church of England Minister to reap the 
Ijenefit of it. Its lying dormant so long is a plaine Indication 
of ye opinion of the Dissenters themselves in favour of the 
Church, flbr if that act was made for the Dissenters (wliich they 
doe now against ail reason assert) why did they never mal^e use 
of it in all that time & thereby put an end to the continued & 
endless contentions they have had with their ministers many of 
which are not yet paid by them. 




Jamaica on L Island March 7 1712 

I Imiiibly beg the Venerable Society will be pleased to accept 
of these sincere tender of my hearty acknowledgement for their 
most favorable acceptation of the state of the Church in this 
place contained in the Clergy's Memorial, for the manifestation 
of their pious concern for tliis Infant Church and their very 
land letter to us and I desire and shall always endeavour sub- 
missively to submit to their commands and unblameably to 
demean myself with a true Xtian temper. 

I hoped to have done this in conjunction with the rest of my 
Brethren at a meeting proposed to be at Burlington tlie S^i day 
of this Instant intended as I presume for the very end, but was 
prevented by an order from our Governor Coll Hunter to meet 
at a Convention of the Clergy at New York on the 24'^ of 
February preceding, the design of which convention (as might 
reasonably have been expected) should in tliis point have 
concurred witli that of the meeting at Burlington but finding 
not that but other private particular ends was proposed after a 
weeks stay from my parish in a very expensive place (therefore 
also unagreeable with my circumstances) I withdrew myself 
from 'em and because his Excellency in his Speech had resented 
some harsh words; I had in the midst of my difficulties made 
use of in a Letter to his Grace the Lord Ai'chp of York I thought 
it my duty liumbly to beg his pardon for the indecent mamier 
of expressing 'em which I did by a letter whereof I herewith 
present you a copy. 

By the advice of Counsel I have lately served the Dissenter 
who is in possession of the Parsonage house & Glebe with, a 
Lease of Ejectment for continuing the Claim but with no design 
of prosecuting to effect for in that I shall not presume to do any 
thing till I receive the express commands of t'le Venerable 

Such explication of her Majesty's Instructions as is petitioned 
for by the Venerable Society I humbly conceive is tlie very best 


expedient in tliis aifair and will have a general good consequence 
for the benefit of the Church throughout America, but for the 
circumstance of a change of Officers I wish I could not say it is 
precarious we having in this County had two new Commissions 
of the peace in ten weeks time and nothing is as yet offered to 
be done in my belialf but nevertheless the number of my hearers 
& Communicants increase not a little ; as I am embolden to hope 
that on the arrival of CoU Nicholson the Church in general here 
will begin to be in a flourishing condition I humbly offer my 
duty to tlie Venerable Society & remain 


N. York April 2d 1712. 


By his Exiys command I am to tell you in answ^er to yours by 
M'" Sharp that the same method has been observed in distributing 
the Proclamations agt imorality and profaneness to the Magis- 
trates and Ministers in y^ County as has been taken for the 
other Counties throughout the Province viz* by sending a 
sufficient number to tlie Clerk of the County, from whom you 
might have had one if you had pleased, but you seem rather to 
seek occasions of Complaining to his Exly then to perform a 
duty incumbent on you, but that should not induce you to be 
angry with others wlio do theirs. His Exly is now ways 
concerned in what M' i\Iacknesh says, he gave you induction to 
ye Church, and if you liad been as forward to embrace tlie 
Generous offers he has made you as might have been expected 
Mr Macknesh and his Congregation would before now have been 
obliged to acknowledge you the Legal minister of the place, but 
you best know by what reasons you have been guided. As for 
the Concern you express against immorality and profaneness his 
Exly will think it more sincere when he finds you in better 

Mr Sharp has sent you a Proclamation to remove your 
causeless complaint. 

I am S"- &° 

G. C. 



Jamaica April 4, 1712. 


Yesterday I receiv'd y^ Letter w^h by his Excy« order you was 
pleased to write Wednesday last, in Ajiswer to one fi-om me to 
his Excy dated the 24*^ of ye last month : in w^h as my Intentions 
were not in the y^ least measure to intimate a Suspicion (w^h I 
had not) of any Disregard in yt particular from his Ex^J' ; so I 
humbly conceive, no Words contained therein can imply it. . 

That I might have ask'd y« Clerk of y^ County for y° 
Proclamation, before I knew he had it, is hardly probable. 
Either y^ Clerk, to whom it was directed, has pui-su'd his orders, 
or not ; if not, why is he not censm-'d ; & if he did, why should 
I now be charged w^^ any part ot y* Fault I complained of. I 
now find by youi-s (of w^^ I was ignorant before) yt ye Fault 
lies (tho' perhaps not wtf'out ye perswasions of some) at y"^ 
Clerk's Door : & if his Ex^y has formerly blam'd me for not 
complaining, why should I now be charged w^h seeking y', rather 
than my Duty : & y° assertion of being angry at others wlio do 
theirs, is, I humbly conceive, a little too severe, & includes a 
Beflection w"' a Figure : & I think, I ought not to have been 
censur'd instead of redressed. 

This is not y^ first Instance of M^ Macknesh's Liberty in 
speaking : & had his Ex^y been pleased to liiat his Unconcern- 
edness to me on other occasions, relating to yt Person, I singula 
not have given liim y^ Trouble of reading this last abusive 

I am certain y^ my Designs in all my actions & Proceedings, 
in reference the Church here, are, & have been just & honest ; 
& my Conduct in ye method of doing the same will I hope, in a 
short time be determin'd in my Favour by others who are also 
my Superiors, and proper Judges. 

You are pleased not without a seeming Bitterness, still to 
proceed in y^ third Paragraph, to charge me w*^ a Crime, w<='> 
(thanks be to God) I never was, & wish nobody else had ever 
been more guilty of, viz, of being found in bad company : & I 
am firmly perswaded, yt his Ex'^y dos not believe, yt I have 


entei'tamed any new Companions, since y^ time he was pleased 
• say, lie would sign a certificate as well of my having faithfully 
& diligently demeaned my self in my runction, as also of my 
nnblaraeable & exempkiry Life & Conversation. 

Tlio' as a true minister of Christ Lam and always have been 
ready to testlfie against Profaneness and Immorality, it is no 
small matter of Wonder to me to find you suppose an Expression 
relating hereto, w<^^ is not contained in my Letter, for no other 
end than to introduce y^ foregoing tart aspersion, vj^^ I am very 
well assured, no person will be so hardy as to venture to make 
appear ; & I dare aver it to be as causeless, as you are pleas'd 
to term my just Complaint. 

I am Sir 

Yr humble Serv' 

Thos Poyer 


To The Queens Most Excellent Majesty. 

The Representation of the Society for the Propagation of the 
Gospel in Foreign parts, 


That your Majesty out of your pious concern that all your 
good subjects in all parts of your dominions should be instructed 
in the principles of our most Holy Religion hath been pleased 
to give instructions to the Governors of your plantations in 
America and particularly to the Governors of New Yorke k 
Jersey that they should take especial care tliat God Almighty 
should be devoutly & duly served throughout their Govern- 
ments That the Book of Common Pra3^er as by law established 
should be read each Sunday & Holiday and the Sacraments 
administered according to the rites of the Ciiurch of England 
and that your Governor should not present any Minister to any 
Ecclesiastical Eenefice without a Certificate froin the Right 
Reverend Father in God the Bishop of London of his being 


conformable to the doctrine and discipline of the Church oi 

That Kobert Hunter Esq"" the present Governor of the province 
of New York and Jersey hath in obedience to your Majesty's 
said instructions ordered one M"^ Thomas Poyer a person dulj 
qualified according to these instructions to be inducted into t.h« 
Rectory of tlie parish of Jamaica in Long Island within the said 
province vacant by the death of M"^ Urquhart late Rector of the 
said parish wiio had for some years quietly enjoyed the profit? 
of the said Rectory. 

That the Clergy of that province have represented to us that 
notwithstanding such instructions of the said M^ Poyer by the 
Authority of your Government agreably to your Majesty's 
instructions jet by the violence of some Sectaries notoriously 
disaftected to the Church, the said William Poyer hath been 
wrongfully and forceably kept out of the parsonage house and 
Glebe and hath not received any of the profits thereunto annexed 
to which he is by law duly entitled. 

That the said Clergy have further represented that M^' Poyer 
is advised to seek his remedy by course of law within the Courts 
of that County but at tlie same time do inform us that they have 
just reason to apprehend tliat if a cause of the Church should be 
tried and judged by persons of known disaffection to the Churcli 
they might not find that justice of which they could be secure 
from any impartial Judges. And that if the Judgement should 
be given against th.e plaintiff it might in its consequences affect 
all the other clmrches of that province, as also that from suc]i 
a Judgement liowever partial there v/ould be no appeal eitlier to 
the Governor & Council in that province or to your Majesty and 
Privy Council here, because in the instructions given to your 
Governm* in reference to appeals, It is provided that in all 
appeals to the Government & Council there tlie sum appealed 
for do exceed the sum of XlOOstg: and in all appeals to your 
Majesty & Privy Council here the sum appealed for do exceed 
the sum of £300stg: 

We are humbly of opinion that it was not your Majesty's 
intention that your Subjects sliould be excluded from the benefit 
of appeals in such cases where altlio' the matter in demand doth 


not exceed the value of JGIOO yet the loss sustained by the party 
doth in the consequences of it amoTuit to a much greater value 
and much less to such cases where a Judgment against one of 
your Clergy if there sliould be no appeal from it might be to the 
utter ruin of the Church established in those parts. 

We do therefore with all humility submit to your Majesty's 
consideration whether your Majesty ofyoiu- tender regard to the 
rights of the Cliui-cli which have been always safe under your 
Royal protection and out of your pious concern to promote and 
encom-age the propagation of the Gospel of which your Majesty 
hath already given many & ample proofs to this Society will not 
be graciously pleased to explain the Instructions given to your 
Government in the plantations about Appeals in such mamier 
as that in causes relating immediately to the Cliurch an appeal 
may lie to youi- Governor k Council there and to your Majesty 
and Privy Council here without any restriction or limitation of 
the value or Sum appealed foi-. 

26 Aug«t 1712. 


New York Deer 12th 1712. 

I Jiave (by the blessing of God) arrived safe in America and in 
obedience to the Honb'e Society's commands delivered tlieii- letter 
to his Excellency Gover"" Hunter and communicated tlie other U) 
as many of my Brethern the Clergy as conveniently I could it 
being now the Winter season, they are truly sensible of the 
Honble Society's favour and zeal to encourage the Church & 
Clergy in these parts & will as soon as the Season permits them 
meet together and return their hearty thanks for the favourable 
reception their Memorial had from that Venerable Eody : In 
the meantime M"^ Poyer tells me and desires me to inform the 
Honble Society that the Justices of peace and other persons with 
whom the administration of Justice is lodged at Jamaica on Long 


Island have been lately changed twice and that in a very short 
space, those that are at present in Commission are friends to the 
Church and it would be a seasonable Juncture to him to com- 
mence a suit at law for the recovery of his Parsonage House 
Glebe and arrears of Salary if he w^ere certain of their 
continuance in Commission, But there was so sudden an alteration 
before and that so soon after the otiier change that he is of 
opinion it is safest to wait for the answ^er Her Majesty will most 
graciously please to give to the Honorable Society's representation 
for should he enter a suit at Law and the Commissions be changed 
again before her Majesty vouchsafe that explication of lier 
instructions to the Governor in relation to the appeal that tlie 
Honb^*^ Society have petitioned for the case would be the very 
same that is set forth by the Clergy's Memorial he is under great 
concern for the issue & event of this affair he says should a 
matter of such consequence miscarry under his conduct, he says 
it would be the greatest affliction that possibly he could meet with 
& tlierefore he's resolved to wait with patience the further direc- 
tions of his patrons at home. ****** 


allowing the- clergy the right of appeal to the gov: and 
council in certain cases. 

Anne R 
Trusty and Welbeloved Wee greet you well Whereas the 
Society fur the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign parts 
having made a Representation unto us wherein they set forth 
the Hardships suffered by Thomas Poyer Clerk in tliat our 
Province of New- York humbly submitting to us whether in tliis 
Case and others of tlie like nature Wee may not tbink lit to 
dispense witli that part of the Instructions given to you W'hereby 
it is provided that in all Appeales to tlie Governor and Council 
of Our said Province tlie summ appealed for do "exceed One 
Hundred Pounds and in all Appeales to Us in Council the summ 
appealed for do exceed Three Hundred Pounds ster&: Which 


Representation being by Us referred to Our Commissioners for 
Trade and Plantations tliey have thereupon reported That upon 
the Death of M^' Urquhart late Rector of the parish of Jamaica 
in Long Island you inducted M' Thomas Poyer a person duely 
qualified according to our Instructions in tliat behalf to the 
Rectory of the said Parish, notwithstanding which, by the 
violence of some Sectarys disaffected to the Church the said 
Poyer hath been wrongfully kept out of the Parsonage House 
and Glebe: That the said Poyer is unwilling to seek his Remedy 
at Law being apprehensive that if a Cause of the Chui'ch should 
be tryed and judged by Dissenters he would not find justice, and 
the value of the said Plouse and Glebe being small an Appeale 
would not lye from the Inferiour Courts to Our Governor and 
Council there, Which being the state of the Case Our said Com- 
missioners are humbly o^ Opinion that in Cases where the 
Church is immediately ooncirned (as in the present Case) Wee 
be graciously pleased to allow the Clergy Liberty of Appealing 
from the Inferiour Courts to Our Governour and Council only 
without Limitation of any Summ. The said Report being laid 
before Us in Council Wee taking the same into our Royal Con- 
sideration have been pleased to approve thereof, and do accord- 
ingly hereby signify Our WiU and Pleasure to you, That in Cases 
where the Church is immediately concerned (as in tiie present 
Case) Liberty be given to the Clergy to appeale from the Inferiour 
Courts to Our Governor and the Council only without Limitation 
of any Summ; And Our further WiU and Pleasure is That as 
well in this as in other the like Cases, Liberty be given to tlie 
Clergy to appeale from Our Governor and Council of Our said 
Province to Us in Our Privy Council without Limitation of any 
Summ; any former Instruction to you or to any other Our 
Governor or other Commander in Chief of Our said Province 
or any usage or Custom to the contrary hereof notwithstanding 
For which this shall be as well unto you as unto aU others whom 
it may concern a sufficient Warrant. And so Wee bid you 
farewell. Given at Our Court at S' James's the Sixth day of 
February 1712| 3. In the Eleventh Year of Our Reigne. ^* 

By Her Maj'y's Command 

Dartmouth , 



Jamaica Jany 20th 1713 

May it please your Excellency 

Yesterday tlie Vestry of this parisli met here in order to lay 
a tax for the Minister and poor where I made my appearance 
and produced your Excellency's letter to me with tlie Copy of 
the 72^ Ai'ticle of lier Majesty's instructions to your Excellency. 
But the Vestry peremptorily refused to admit me amongst them 
and upon my denying to quit the room they removed themselves 
to another Apartment in the same house telling me I had nothing 
to do there thougli they did not forget to take M^Nish along 
with them who had just before told me he had more business 
tliere than myself. I trouble not your Excellency with that 
Gentleman's other misbehaviours in respect of myself at that 
time I prayed Mr Smith their Clerk who is also Clerk of the 
Peace to enter my name which he denied to do and this day 
also refused to give me any copies of their proceedings of this 
I inform your Excellency in pursuance of your commands & 
remain &° L'^ 


Burlington ye 14th Feb. 1713-14 


I had yours by the hands of M'" Basse's Man of the 20th 

in answer you are to aquaint those Gentlemen that by her 
Majesty's Instructions, they can hold no Vestry without you, 
you haveing been regularly Inducted into that Ciu-e so what 
they Do as a Vestry without you is Null & Void. 

Had my Advice been followed these Debates had been at an 
End, but that it seems is none of your Intention, at least not 
theirs who advise you, or have ever had, or thought to have, & 
find their Interest in Confusion ; Let me know what further 
Steps are made. I am 


Your humb Servant 

R(». Hdnt'^ 



Jamaica L. I. 8th IkkLy 1714 

May it please your Excellency 

The Sectaries in my parish (with whom still is lodged the 
Major part of the power of the Magis*)) have lately carried their 
designs so far in prejudice of the Established Church that your 
Excellency wiU pardon me if I anticipate your Excellency's 
commands by acquainting you at this time with some part of my 
aJfairs there. 

His Excellency Coll Hunter arrived here in June 1710 after 
he had been here about two years he was pleased to send me 
the 72^ Article of his instructions which contain these words 

" You are to give Order forthwith (if the same be not ali'eady 
done) that every Orthodox Minister within your Government be 
one of the Vestry in his respective Parish and that no Vestry be 
held without them except in cases of sickness or that after 
notice of Vestry summoned he omit to cDme." 
Enclosed in this letter: — 

New York May 1st, 1712 
Rev^ Sir 

The above copy of an article of her Majesty's instructions to 
me I have thought fit to direct to the several Ministers within 
tliis Province tliat their respective Vestry's may regulate them- 
selves accordingly and if there be any practice contrary 
thereunto I desire you may duly inform me that effectual care 
may he taken therein. 

I remain Rev^ Sir &« &«' 

Ro: Hunter 

The Vestry in my Parish to whom I communicated tiie same 
took no manner of notice thereof but refused to permit me to 
sit with them of which I acquainted tlie Governor verbally but 
no care being taken to order it otherwise I lately wrote to his 
Excellency in these words 

[See preceding letter, dated "Jamaica 20 Jany 1713"] 
to which on the 8*^ of March I received this answer 

[See preceding letter from Gov. Hunter, dated "Burlington 
14. Feb. 1713."] 


One Quarters Salary being due to me this year I applied to 
Uvo Justices of the Peace wlio were the only ones that were true 
iriends to the Church who signed a Warrant to order the Church 
Wardens to pay the said Quarters Salary to me who refused and 
presently after a Vestry was called who with the other Justices 
who are Dissenters ordered the money raised tliis year for the 
use of the Minister of the Parish to be paid to M'^ George 
M^Nish a Scotch Independent Preacher who has also the 
possession of the Parsonage House &= whereupon I sent two 
letters to the Governor in these words — 

Jamaica 15th April 1714. 

May it please your Excellency 

I am honored with your Excellency's of the 14"i Febry last 
and being accidentally informed that the Vestry of this Parish 
was to meet this day (for they meet without giving me any 
notice thereof) I went to them & acquainted them with the 
contents of your Excellency's letters to which they paid no 
manner of obedience but absolutely refused to permit me to sit 
with them I shall not grate your Excellency's Ears with the 
relation of the rude circumstances attending tliis refusal tho' I 
humbly concieve my character deserving of better usage. 

I had an Order from two Justices of the Peace to the Church 
Wardens for a Quarters Salary which they refused to pay (the 
Vestry and Church Wardens are all Dissenters) and such as by 
their actings manifest no regard either to the Queen your 
Excellency her representative here or the Laws of the Province. 

Of these things I acquaint your Excellency iu pursuance of 
your Excellency's command. 

May it please &<= 

Thos Poyer. 

Jamaica 22d April 1714. 

May it please your Excellency 

These in obedience to your Excellency's order will inform 
your Excellency that on the 1 9th inst the Justice & Vestry of the 
Parish met and have ordered the Sixty pounds raised for the 
maintenance of the minister this year (and which of right can 
belong to none but myself) to be paid to M^" George M'^^Nish the 
independent Preacher here which unwarrantable act coming 


on the back of so many otliers of less note tlio' of the same 
tendency clearly shews to what a height of injustice some spirits 
will climb when they are (vainly I hope) apprehensive that they 
can do it with impunity. 

I remain. May it please & 

Thos Poyek. 

To which I received no manner of answer 

Things being brought to this height I am advised by all my 
Friends here that tliis is the most proper time to begin my action 
at law at the Supreme Court in this Province which wdll be lield 
the First Tuesday in June next and liaving no express commands 
from the Venerable Society I pray youi* Excellency's direction 

My necessitous circumstances (having never received one 
penny of my Salary or any thing of the profits of the Glebe 
here) will plead my pardon with your Excellency as well for my 
interrupting your Excellency's affairs herewith as craving your 
commands time enough to serve tliis Court. 

I remain &c &c &c 

Thomas Poyer. 



Jamaica L. I. Novr 2d 1714 

Honored Sir— It wall be five years the last day of next month 
since my most honored patrons the Venerable Society were 
pleased to order me to embark to proceed on my Mission tlie 
w^hi9h I obeyed and embarked that same day but there were 
more hindrance than one that detained the Fleet 'till the 10^^ 
of April and in the interim I w^as tossed about from one expen- 
sive harbour to another with my family having my Wife visited 
on board wdth two fits of sickness and obliged each fit to bring 
jier asliore for the help of a Doctor which was not a little trouble 
& charge to me and besides all this the j£20 I was forced to pay 

Vol. III. 18 


for our passage & the twice laying in of sea Stores put me to 
very great straits the lO^h of April we left tlie Lands end of 
England and had a very tedious and uneasy passage of 13 weeks 
lacking two or three days. In this passage I had great experi- 
ence of the goodness of God and often liad ocasion to reflect on 
the Royal Psalmist's expressions in Psalm 10.7. 23 &'^ where he 
has these woj-ds — They that go down to tlie Sea in ships and 
occupy their business in great waters these men see the works 
of tlie Lord and his wonders in tlie dee]> L" I saw indeed & 
wondered and often expected in the great tempests we had to 
have been swallowed up of tlie merciless waves, but when we 
Avere in our trouble and almost brouglit to our wit's end We 
cried unto the Lord and he was graciously pleased to hear us 
and bring us tho' not into the haven where we would have been 
yet unto a Ciiristian s'>ore yea unto the Island where my Mission 
was to terminate about 100 miles from my Parish Here the 
ship and part of her Ladhig was lost on the 7'^ July but not the 
life of one person. 

The week Ibllowing I did set out for this place where to this 
time I have not ceased (aecording to the ability that Gcd hath 
given me) to instruct tlie Flock committed to my charge I 
have laboured faithfully in my Lords Vineyard and in my 
private advice from House to House as well as public discourses 
I have exhorted tlicm to faith in Christ and amendment of life 
and to live in Love I have likewise endeavoured to possess tliem 
with as due a sense of the fundamentals of our religion as I 
could and the Great God has vouchsafed to give such a blessing 
to my poor yet well nieaning endeavours the number of the 
communicants of the Church of England here before my time 
never exceeded 30 I have had above CO — of the Independents 
who are the most numerous in my parish I have gained some 
and of the Quakers more some that were very rigid Indeperidejits 
since I came and that have reflected very much on our Church 
and constitution are now very frequently my hearers; and among 
the Quakers where my predecessor M'" Urquhart tliought it not 
worth his while to go I seldom have so few as fifty and often 
more than one hundred bearers. 

And notwithstanding I have all along discharged the duties 


of a Paris!i Minister yet have I never received one penny of the 
Salary due to me by the laws of the Colony h.ow to come by it I 
can't tell; and Avitliout it or an augmentation of my Salary from 
my Right Hon'"^e & Riglit Rev^ Patrons I cannot live in t'lis dear 
place. I live very near much below the character of a Mission- 
ary and yet am running myself in debt. I am spending my 
strength & yet cannot get a competency wherefore I humbly 
beg the Venerable Society will be pleased to consider my condi- 
tion, it is very necessitous indeed. 

But I will trouble you witli no more of this at this time but 
refer you to tlie Rev^ M-- Vesey who I understand is safely 
arrived in London how I have led my life here and in hoAV mean 
circumstances I am he can if you'll be pleased to enquire of him 
very w^ell inform you. 

I have no more to add but my most sincere & hearty prayers 
to the Lord to bless prosper & keep my most honored Patrons 
and when the time of their departure lience shall come may God 
who is the rewarder of those who make it their study and 
delight to enlarge Christ's Kingdom here take 'em to tlie eternally 
happy enjoyment of himself in Heaven is the prayer of 
Honored Sir &c &.« 

* TnosPoYER. 


Jamaica 15th Jany 1716-17 
Honored Sir 

My suit at Law for the recovery of my Salary here is as 
backward as my last gave you an account, so that I have nothing 
new to add on this head but that one of my lawyers is dead 
which put a stop to it last Term & what progress will be made 
in it the next I cannot tell, you shall be acquainted of the 
proceeding by every opportunity. 

The continuance of my troubles (which alas have no prospect 
of an end) and the tediousness of this law^suit have almost 
wearied me out, I j&nd a daily decay in myself thro' the continual 


fatigue I undergo in tliis large parish Avliicli consists (as I have 
formerly observed) of Three towns which I serve alternately & 
how I have discharged my duty to the Souls I am entrusted 
with is well known to my good God and Great Judge k Axi'll I 
hope be testified by some of my people. 

I humbly beg the favour of you to give my most hum]3le duty 
to my most Ilonb'e Patrons & acquaint them tliat th(j4r poor- 
Missionary is labouring under many difficulties & reduced to the 
want of a great many necessaries ; two Gowns and Cassocks I 
have already worn in their service a 3^ is v/orn very bare and 
'my family wants are so many and pressing that I know^ not how 
I shall procure another. 

But pray give me leave to assure you that I am not reduced 
to this necessitous Condition thro' any extravagance in my way 
of living, 'tis well known to many here Dissenters from us 
as well as friends to the Church that I am contented to Avant 
many necessaries the better to be enabled to be hospitable, 
which is expected from the established Ministers here and which 
with my being conversant with them hath (I praise God for it) re- 
moved the prejudices of some and eifectually brought otliers to us. 

But under all my troubles this bears me up and is great 
comfort that God is so good to me as to continue his Blessing on 
my endeavour's I have lost none but have gained many the 
number of my hearers consisting of about 400 & Communicants 
above 3 Score, I have this last week gained two families from 
the Anabaptists & Quakers and baptized them. Many are often 
coming over to us and I am assured more would, were there 
according to their desire a Minister of the Chm-ch of England 
to preach to them in this Town every Lord's day. 

But this I leave to the consideration of tlie lion^'^e Society 
and hope they will be pleased to consider my necessities and 
administer a little comfort to me in my troubles. 

I pray God to bless guide preserve and keep my most honored 
Patrons may they be enabled to send out many faithful Labourers 
into Christ's Vineyard & amply rewarded fur all their pious and 
good deeds. This is what offers at present from 

Your most liumblc Scrv^ 

' ' Tnos POYEB 




FEBRUAHY6th 1716 

Honored Sir 

We humbly pray leave to lay before our Honbie Patrons a 
true state of the case of the Church here and tliat as briefly as 
the nature of the thing will beai\ 

The Independents here being the most numerous do annually 
choose the Church Wardens & Vestry out of those of their own 
persuasion who are the most inveterate against the Church, 
every freeholder having a vote by Virtue of an Act of Assembly 
for settling the Ministry made in the year 1693 in whicli act 
there is a clause empowering them to call a Minister, the act 
also provides that such a Minister shall be inducted & established 
to entitle him to the'Salary of J£60 per annum given by the same 

Now tliis Dissenting Vestry & Church W^ardens have (as no 
other could be expected of them) after the deatli of the Rev*l 
Ml" Urquhart (who enjoyed the Glebe & Salary undistured for 
about six years) called one M"" Geo : M^Nish who because of that 
call has seized upon tiie Parsonage House & Glebe pretends to 
all and has acturally received some part of the said Salary. 
This call is the only argument on which they insist & on pretence 
wliereof they defraud t!ie rightful minister both of the Glebe 
and Salary contrary to tlie knovfn laws and continued practice 
of all the other places in this Province tliat stand upon the same 
foundation. To confute therefore their absurd notion tiie case 
may be stated In Feby 1 7p2 the Vestry & Cliurch Wardens 
(being as always Dissenters) called one M^' Hubbard a Dissenting 
Minister (one whom some of us have lieard declare it a sin to 
say the Lord's Prayer). In the year 1704 M^ Urquliart was sent 
here by the Venerable Society & Eishop of London and was 
immediately inducted and established by the then Governor of 
this Province the said call given to M"" Hubbard (who never did 
oificiate as Minister of the Parish) being deemed to be invalid, 
because the person called was not qualified to accept & tliis 


proceeding of tliat Governor was declared to be right by another 
Act of Assembly in ITOS for the better explaining the former 
Act — Thus in like manner after M'" Urquharts death as is said 
before tiiey called the said M'' M^Nish who being a Dissenter like 
the other not qualified to accept thereof, our present Governor 
for the reasons aforesaid on the arrival of M^' Poyer immediately 
caused him to be inducted and established by the Chaplain M"^ 
Sharpe on tlie 18'i» day of July 1710 which we think (with 
submission) makes the matter very clear that the Salary & Glebe 
can belong to none but liim ; for the Cure must not lie vacant 
for want of a call or presentation & not to call at all or to call a 
person in himself incapable of accepting is all one. And it can 
never be supposed that the Law intended any. other than an 
Orthodox Minister for if otherwise nothing but confusion must 
ensue about the disposal even amongst the Dissenters themselves 
all having an equal right. 

To this false argument of the Church Wardens & Vestry (as 
well as tlieir principles) may be attributed the many affronts by 
them at sundry times given to our Minister even to tlie excluding 
him from sitting in the Vestry contrary to the Governors express 
Injunctions from the Crown signified to them. 

Yet notwithstanding the imperious behaviour of these our 
Enemies who stick not to call themselves the Established Church 
& us Dissenters "we can with Joy say the Cliurch hath increased 
very considerably both in its number of hearers & Communicants 
by the singular care pain and industry of our present Laborious 
Minister M^ Poyer who notwithstanding the many difficulties he 
has striiggled with has never been in the least wanting in the 
due execution of his Ministerial Function but rather on the 
contrary lias strained liimself in travelling tliro' the Parish even 
beyond his strength & not seldom to the prejudice of his health 
whicli is notorious to all tlie Inhabitants for almost 7 years last 
past ill all which time ]:ie has not received one farthing of his 
Sallary allowed liim by the laws of this Province nor any private 
contributions that by the nicest search w^e can find out except 
about £18 (this Country money) w^hich was presented to him by 
some of his people at his first arrival here purely on the account 
of the tediousness of his voyage from England & his having 


with liis Family been shipwrecked on this [Island] about one 
hundred miles from his Parish and at divers times since Gifts on 
the whole not amounting to Fifty Pounds. 


Jamaica Octr 24th 171 

Honored Sir 

Tlie State of the Church in this Parish is much the same as 
my last gave you an account of saving that I had two new 
members added to it since, & baptized besides several Infants & 
some adult persons. 

And liere I must desire you to pardon me while I acquaint 
jou that I have undergone more trouble in the discharge of my 
Ministry here tlian T am able to tell you— for besides the frequent 
abuses and affronts I receive from some of the Enemies of our 
Constitution besides tliat they make it tlieir constant endeavour 
to tire me with their ill usage and to starve me as some of the 
most inveterate among them do sometimes express themselves ; 
the service of tlie three towns which this Parish consists of bears 
hard upon me, and affords me as much business as I am able to 
go through with. I serve them by turns every other Sunday 
besides frequent Lectures on week days. Now to do this and lo 
visit my people wliich I am often obliged to w!io live distant 
from me many of them about 12 miles, I am necessitated to 
keep two horses which is very expensive & troublesome to me 
& consumes me more Clothes in one year than would serve 
another that is not obliged to ride for 3 or 4. In Newtown & 
Flusliing for want of the convenience of private houses I am 
forced to make use of Public ones wliich is a very great charge 
to me for I bring some of my family generally with me. If I did 
not they would be the half of the year without opportunities of 
public Worship. * * * * 



Nov. 23d 1717 
REvd Sir 

The Society have upon reading your letter representing the 
Difficulties & hardships you meet witli not only resolved to 
make you a present of a Gown and CassogJ^ which I acquainted 
you with in a former Letter but have also further made you a 
present of Ten pounds if you desire it should be remitted you 
in Goods if you by your Letter let the Treasurer know what 
Goods you would. have they will be sent to that value, if not 
you may draw upon the Treasurer for the money. 


Jamaica Novemr 4 1718. 

Hon'i Sir — The Dispute in Law between the Church and 
Dissenters here is not yet at an end; but I am credibly informed 
they expect it Avill be determined in the Church's favor how 
that will be I cannot tell but sure I am that tliey are now col- 
lecting money and do contribute very largely as tis said to bring 
it home before the King & Council, if they are cast here, now if 
it should be brought there I question not but that our poor 
Cbui-ch which has been in great distress ever since I came here 
& myself the unworthy Minister of it threatened to be starved & 
denied victuals for my money and my Corn sent me home from 
the Mill not ground with tliis message from the Miller — "I 
miglit eat it whole as the hogs do, he would not grind for me" — 
I say when this dispute between us is carried home I question 
not our poor distress'd Church will liave true Friends and par- 
ticularly the Venerable Society to support her cause & help her 
to her Rights wliicli she quietly enjoyed 'till I came but liave 
been defrauded ever since. The People of tins place are 
encouraged in their obstinacy by their Minister a very designing 
man and who persuades them to what he will, even not to obey 
the Lawful Commands of the Magistrates and they stick not to 


say that tlio' there is a Law for £60 p. annum to be yearly col- 
lected for the Minister of this Parish and tho' Coll' Lewis iNIorris 
the Chief Justice of this Province has ordered a Writ of iManda- 
mus for collecting the arrearages of the Minister's Salary, Not- 
withstanding these orders they say, if the- Constables offer to 
collect it upon the Warrants tlie Justice have given pursuant to 
the Writ aforesaid, they will scald them; they will stone them; 
they will go to Club law witli them and I know not what. 


Jamaica Feby 11th 1719. 

HoN» Sir 

I made no doubt of your being informed of the death of the 
Revi Ml' Bridge late pastor of the Cliurch at Rye and that the 
Honb'e Society have ordered another to succeed liim. 

I am just returned from serving that Church in my turn 
according to an agreement between the Ministers of tMs Province 
and cannot but acquaint you that most of the inhabitants some 
communicants are doing what they can to pull down what the 
established ministers [have built up]; they have resolved to call 
one M'' Buckingham a Dissenting Minister and have accordingly 
sent to acquaint him of it. I was then at Rye in company with 
a great many of them and did all that I could to bring them 
into a better mind in that respect after whicli they told me their 
resolution was this, that they were so well satisfied with me and 
my conduct that they would call no other than myself and that 
if I could not accept of their call, they knew one, naming the 
aforesaid M"" Buckingham that would ; so tliey desired my 
answer and I told them I would write home to the Hon'^'e 
Society about it the first opportunity (not at all expecting to 
meet with tliis Ship that I thought sailed some weeks ago) and 
I questioned not but they would Order me to Rye, on whicli I 
find tliey have resolved to call me; had I J^nown of this Ship in 
those parts, I would have got the Church Wardens and Vestry 
called and sent it herewith, but expect this per next conveyance. 


I liave not time now to write to my Lord of London my much 
hond Diocesan but pray that this may be communicated to him, 
and that what is necessary from the Venerable Society and that 
worthy Lord in order to removal be sent me per the next oppor- 

I trust there are none of my most honoured Patrons do enter- 
tain so hard a thought of me as to believe I have any prospect 
of a temporal advantage by this removal. No God knows I have 
not, Lideed I must say that I cannot have, for besides that 
Jamaica is a much pleasanter place where I have abundantly 
better conversation tlian can be had at Ilye and that tlie allow- 
ance from tlie County for tlie Minister is <£10 per annum more 
here than there, I assure you if riches were my aim I had invi- 
tations enough and between £400 and 500 per ann : offered me 
if I would have removed from hence into the West Indies but 
these arguments pow€rful enough to induce some I thank God 
have not been able to prevail with me to leave the Church (over 
which tliough most unworthy I was tliought fit to be appointed 
Overseer) in so much trouble, its nothing but the peace of the 
Church that lias inclined me to listen to tlie frequent requests 
of the people at Rye, they have promised me if I Avould come to 
them they would be united in their aftections and one and all 
come to hear me. 

May the Lord Jesus Christ the great & good master of the 
flock make me under him a happy instrument in uniting the 
people in making up the divisions amoiig them and quencliing 
the flames that blaze out. 

I present my utmost duty to my ever hon<i pati'ons heartily 
earnestly and constantly praying for them and to beg Sir you'll 
please to excuse this haste and to send an answer per first 
opportunity to Hon*^ Sir 

Your humble Serv* 

1 hqs Poyer. 



Jamaica Feby 23d 1718 

Honored Sir 

By reason of the sudden notice I have of the Ship's sailing so 
speedily in which this comes, I have only time to acquaint you 
I am informed by many that the Dissenters here are representing 
their case home to his Majesty. 

I know not what'sort of Representations they make nor do I 
fear answering them, I hope to satisfaction, when I know what 
is represented, therefore tlie flivor that I humbly beg of my 
Honbie Patrons at present is, to use their Interest in his Sacred 
Majesty to desire that nothing may be determined 'till we liave 
liberty to answer for ourselves, I make no doubt but this my 
humble request will be granted. 

You & those who have been eye & ear Witnesses know how 
violent the Dissenters have been here ; and against the Members 
of the well wishers of our Poor Church ; how many w iles they 
have to hinder Man from joining with us whose inclination to us 
have been very good; and what means tliey use to tire me 
expecting that if they can to wear me out with tlieir barbarous 
usage, after having stood with courage and patience in the gap 
for above 8 years and an lialf ; no Minister of the Church of 
England will venture to come after me. ***** * 

To His Excellency Robert Hunter Esq^Capt" Gen''^ & GoV 
in Chief of His Maj^'^s Provinces of N: York N; Jersey 
& Territories depending thereon in America and Vice 
Admiral of the same 

The Petition of Daniel Bull Henry Ludlum Hezekiah 
Denton William Carman Samuel Ludlum and 
Robert Denton of Jamaica in Queens County on 
the Island of Nassau 
Humbly Sheweth 

That whereas your Exceleucys Petitioners have been fined by 
several of the Justices of said County in the sum of twenty six 


pounds ten shillings for being guilty as is alleadged of a Riot by 
us Commiited in Jamaica in said County last Xember We beg 
, leave to acquaint your Exce^y that some of the s^ Justices did 
upon their displacing of our Constable appoint in Ms room one 
Combs a notorious fellon and lie as a tool has been Instigated 
maliciously to Inform against us as Rioters under pretence that 
we forcibly opposed him in the execution of his pretended office 
which we never did nor designed against any lawful! officer in 
the due execution of .his office neither can it be proved we did 
by any person whatsomever. 

May it please your Excel"! to Consider the manner of our 
being fined occasioned particularly by means of M'^ Sam^i Clows 
who took upon him. to act (in the Absence of the Kings Attorney) 
in Court in Ms place & Implead us Petitioners for a Riot and 
with such success that a Jury was found all churchmen except 
one or two who took the notions he gave them of a Riot and 
accordingly found a Bill against us none but said Clowes being 
permitted to speak in Court to show what base partiality he 
acted by ]\e stllicited the Justices to fine us above what your 
Excel') c.iuld remitt & using this Argument that if they fined 
not above your Excel^ys power to remitt they did their work 
but by halfs 

May it please your Excel^y to Consider, our distress and in 
your great goodness please to remitt tliese fines so imposed and 
your Excelcys Petitioners in this and many other respects sorely 
aggrieved sliall ever pray 

New York May ye 6th 1719 

I liefer the Consideration of tlie Allegations contein'd in the 
within petition, to the Judg of the said County and his Assistants 
or any three of them who are to repeat to me how they find 
them as soon as may be 

Ro: Hunter 

papers relating to churches in queens county. 285 

May it Please your Excellency 

In obedience to your Excellency's Orders, relating to the 
unsigned Petition of Daniel Bull and otliers, Haveing first 
retui-ned your Excellency our hearty acknowledgments of the 
Special favour' you have done us, in the manner as well as the 
Opportunity you have been pleased to give us to vindicate our 
selves. We pray Leave humbly to acquaint youi- Excellency 
That the main Articles Alleadged in the same petition are Untrue, 
as we Conceive will most Evidently appear by the papers of our 
proceedings against the petitioners, which are herewith presented 
to your Excellency. 

The Constable of Jamaica was Lawfully displaced by us, and 
flined for not Doing his Duty ; and another Constable j^ut in his 
stead, who appointed Coomes his Deputy -, he was not appointed 
by the Justices, but we do not know that Coomes has misbeliaved 
himself in that office. Besides the Depositions here Inclosed 
Diverse other Credible Witnesses were sworn before the Jury of 
Inquiry, and particularly M^" Justice Whitehead and M^ Justice 
Clement, who were Eye Witnesses of a great part of the Action. 

The petitioners might have been ffined on the View of the 
Justices, But in favour to them, and that they might have no 
manner of reason to Complain of any hasty, or otherwise severe 
way of proceeding ; This of doing it by a Jury was made use of. 
This Jury Consisted of some of the most principal men in the 
County, as well for Estates as Honesty ; and if many of them 
were Church-men, we cannot tliink them the Less Capable of 
the office for that reason. None were forbid to speak or would if 
they had any thing proper to say. And we do not remember 
that Mr Clowes made use of any such argument before us as is 
mentioned in the Latter end of the petition. 

We are humbly of Opinion may it please your Excellency, 
That the Riot Committed by these persons was one of the most 
Notorious Riots (all the Circumstances Considered) that ever was 
Committed in this Country. 

And our design was not to have ffined them at all but to referr 

that to the Court of Oyer and Terminer, had they not in the 

.most submissive manner, and under their hands request i'd it, 

even after they had Demanded and w^ere admitted to Traverse 

the Inquisition found against them. ♦ 


May it please your Excellency We are humbly of Opinion 
that we have proceeded against these persons, in a Just and 
Le^al metiiod ; Eut Ave are very Conscious to our Selves, we 
iiave L'calt vvitli them in all Tenderness and Moderation : Too 
jiiuc I of iliis if any tiling has been our only fault, and we know- 
not but this may !iave Contributed to the harsh and severe 
Exprcssioiis used by them in the petition ; of wliicli we shall 
say no more, but Submit tliem to your Excellency's being 

hi no Doubt but'}our Excellency will take such notice of them, 
as wiil by Conduci^'e to tiie Encouragement of the Magistracy of 
tills County in their Duty. 

lit is wit'i some Concern that we find ourselves Complained 
agauist in such a manner to your Excellency for our Judicial 
xlcticns, in punis'iing persons for a most dangerous Kiot, when 
we were by the Law obliged thereto, under very great penalties. 
We humbly submit to your Excellency's great prudence, all 
our Actions, and also whetlier these petitioners are proper objects 
of 3 our Excfllency's ffavour, in relation to their ffines ; \Vhicli 
are so small, t'.at they will scarce satisfye the Charges of that 
necessary prosecution. But we do assure your Excellency, how 
ill soever fuse petitioners have deserved of us ; Their Indis- 
cretions shall not be able to make any Impressions on us to their 
prejudice, but we Avill still go on to Discharge our Dutys according 
to Law and good Conscience. And though we very well know 
some Turbulent people amongst us are now busy to scrape up all 
the Little Complaints they can against us ; We are humbly Con 
fident that the Groundlessnesse and Untruth of this petition, will 
Induce your Excellency to give but Litle Credit to any other 
Suggtstions, people of this sort of Spirit may make against us. 
We rernaine 
May it |)lease your Excellency your Excellency's 
most obed' and most humble Serves 
W'" Hallett John Smith 

John Hunt Johat^ Whitehead 

RichJ Betts John Clement 

W"' Doughty Wi : Cornell 

Jn : Jackson Tim : Bagley. 

Jamaica 23 J May 1719. 
To His Excelh-y Brigadier Hunter Governour 
of the province of NXiw York et : 


Richard Combs Deputy Constable of Jamaica being Deposed 
sait'i Having some time ago received a Warrant from diverse 
Justices of tlie peace of Queens County witji an assessment 
t'lereto annexed to Levy the Minister's Rate for Jamaica About 
ten da}s past he went to tlie liouse of Daniel Bull in Jamaica 
One of the persons taxed in the same Rate and demanded Ids 
proportion tliereof to whicli demand t]ie said Bull said that he 
did not know whetlier he would pay it or not This Deponent 
furtJier saith that on fryday morning last lie witli one man in his 
Company went again to the said Bull's house and demanded Ids 
said Riite But Bull fell into a great passion Avitli him and told 
him he would pay liim nothing on which this Deponent said he 
must tlien Distrain fur itt but Bull immediately took up an axe 
Swinging it over this Deponents head said in very great hast he 
would split his brains if he touched am thing there that one 
Jacamiah Denton presently came to the window wiiora this De- 
ponent Commanded in the King's name to assist him but he 
Laughed and said he woidd not obey lura and said he was no 
Constable and refused Then this Deponent told the said Daniel 
Bull he would go and get more Company to Assist him to make 
the Distress to which Bull said you may go as soon as you will 
for File get an Army ready to meet you Tins Deponent did then 
Liimediately go up and down the Town and musterred up about 
Sixteen or Seventeen people to assist 1dm and sent Messengers 
to some Justices of tlie peace to actpiaint them with tliis matter 
M'' Justice Clement went along with this Deponent towards the 
said Bull's house where they saw M*" Justice Whitehead who 
Came over to them Tiiat being now before the said Bull's Door 
he the said Bull with One William Carman Samuel Ludlam 
Robert Denton Hezekiali Denton Henry Ludlam and Ephraim 
Smith stood there with great Clubbs in their hands and strip t to 
their Wastcoats Then this Deponent addressing himself to the 
said Bull told him he came to Distrain for the Ministers Rate 
but Bull told him he should make no Distress there Then this 
Deponent Commanded the said persons who stood with their 
Clubbs to Assist him in making the Distress but they refused & 
Lifting up their Clubbs bid him come if lie durst and gave him 


a great deal of Scurrilous Language and tlie said Bui] advanced 
t>vo or tliree steps from liis Company towards this Deponent and 
lifting up his Clubb told him if he came one foot forward he 
would knock out liis Brains This Deponent says tliere were 
several others witliout CluLbs stood by tlie Door and a great many 
in tlie liouse and being diswaded from Violence by M'" Justice 
Whitehead and also seeing a great many in Bull's house so that 
Bull's Company being betwixt twenty or thirty persons w^ere too 
Numerous for him he walk't off with his Company and made no 
distress This Deponent further says that amongst tlie rest that 
he Commanded to assist liim in the Town he the said Robert 
Denton walk't off but he found him sideing with Bull afterwards 
Thomas Thurstan did not Deny but Came not and when he 
Commanded Adam Smith and three or four more near the house 
of George M-^Nish the said M^Nish bid them not to mind or obey 
liira And the said Adam Smith told this Deponent that the said 
M^Nish told him and the rest not to Obey him and Invited them 
into his house to drink Syder but nevertlieless this Depon' says 
that the said persons did follow him but stood at a Considerable 

Richard Comes. 
Sworn y« 8"» of Xcber 
1718 before us 

John Smith 

Ric^ Betts. 

Joshua pettit aged about Eighteen years being Dej)osed says 
that Last liyday was Sevenight Daniel Bull of Jamaica told this 
Deponent Tliat the Constable Design'd to Strain upon him tliat 
day and Desired tliis Deponent to tell some people as he went 
.along to come and Assist him This Deponent accordingly Did 
tell Robert Denton William Carman and Ephraim Smith to go 
and they Did so and further he says nott. 

Joshua Pettit. 
Sworn y^ ISf' Xber 

1718 before me 

John Jackson. 


We uaderwritten liaving been Lately Guircy of a Kiot as is 
said in Jamaica' Doe hereby declare tiiat we are sorry for the 
said olience and do pi-omise to behave our selves more peaceably 
and as Obedient subjects to his Majesty King George and ail Ms 
officers for the future and doe liereby humbly submitt our selves 
to the Mercy of the Justices of this County and relinquishing all 
riglit of Traversing the Inquisition found against us do pray to 
be admitted to our fiines witness our hands the 13 December 

Dan.^ Bull Henry Ludlabi 

Sam'^ Ludlam Ephraim Smith 

WiLL^^ Carman Robert Denton. 

Hezekiah Denton 

To liis Excellency Rob* Hunter Esq^' Captain Generall and 
Governour in Chief of his Majesties Colony of New York, 
New Jersey and Teritories Depending thereon in America 
. and vice admirall of the same &c 

Tlie Humble Petition of severrall of tlie Inhabitants 
of the precint of Jamaica in Queens County. 


That after many and grevious oppressions, for a Long time 
by us your Petitioners suffered, and a multitude of others in 
Queens Comity Especicilly in the District of Jamaica ; Necessity 
Compels us that we conceal no Longer, from our Governour 
some of the Immediate and Principall authors of our past and 
present troubles, We shall at present confine ourselves in vv^liat 
we have to offer, to the Bench of Justices of this County, against 
severall of them \\e tliink we have great Cause to Gomplaine, 
and most Humbly Begg in all humility to fiee to your Excellency 
the patron of Justice, and the itclief of the oppressed in your 
Government, We prays your Excellency s Patience in hearing a 
few of the many things we have to alleadge against them. 

Vol. III. 19 


pt Against all aud every of them, the Justices of Jamaica 
Precinct, Just« Betts only Excepted, we say that they have 
Contrary to the Express meaning and Intent and Letter of the 
Law and Priviledge of the subject taken upon them arbitrarily 
to turn out our Cluuxh wardens, w'ho w^ere legally and fairly 
chosen by the People as the Law Directs, and after outing them 
imposed a fine on Each, giveing out an execution Against them 
all this was done at the same Court without soe much as once 
signifying their Sentence against said wardens, tho' they had 
acted with the most scrupulous Exactness to the rules by which 
the Law of the Country Does Regulate their office in tliis manner 
were they tui-ned out. 

(2) We are apt to Eelieve upon no slight grounds that all 
these proceedings against the Churchwardens were no other than 
the Execution of what had severall Weeks bef<3re been Concerted 
and privately agreed upon by a private Cabal wherein Justice 
Whitehead had a great hand ; for it can be proved that as by 
said Wliitehead had all a long appeared w^ith tlie utmost warmth 
and heat against the Church wardens soe has he acted witli the 
most gross Partiality and Selfishness, his principal] aime in outing 
them being to recover a sum of money from M"" Poyer ; which 
said Poyer was to pay on Condition only that he should Receive 
the Publick money settled on tlie minister of Jamaica Precinct. 
The Church w^ardens and vestry being against M'" Poyers havcing 
the money ; there w^as no w^ays for M' Wliitehead to come at his 
Debt but by Influencing the Justices and Joyning them himself 
to adjudge the money to M"" Poyer and soe to himself, and that 
none of their measures might fail them, M^' Sam'i Clowes by 
name was appointed or at least appointed himself, to Implead, 
the Church w^ardens before the Court of Justices, and yet before 
he was one of tlie tw^o that were Designed to succeed the wardens 
in their office all this w^as well Taken, and for his Reward in 
pleading for himself he is made Cliurch w^arden — we submit it 
to your Excellency what manner of proceedings these were. 

(3) They the said Justices have to the great Detriment and 
Damage of the subject Invaded the priviledges of the Vestry in 
giveing away the peoples money w' ithout the said Vestrys Consent 
and against their will in Determination in vestry assembled. 


(4) They have Contrary to the Law taken upon them to assess 
Levy and give away the subjects money, to JVP Tliomas Poyer 
under pretence he is Legall Incumbent of Jamaica Precinct tho' 
the said Thomas Poyer never was Called by the People or any 
one sett of vestry men as the Law Directs ; 

We Pray most humbly to Lay before your Excellency the 
following particulars against these justices by Name. 

Justice Jonatlian Whitehead is a Common Pleader for money 
at the Petty Coui'ts ol Justices what jnconveniencies hereby 
Accrues to the poor Subject we submitt to your Excellency 
when a justice attorney Plead before a Brother Justice, we can 
name the person he has Confest to he makes MO per annum by 
this gainfull Trade : 2 : he has Taken upon him to Assess his 
Majestys Subjects of New Town for a Debt he'ailedges the Town 
owes him, and keeps Dayly Teazing and vexing the people 
before petty Justice Courts : wJio Refuse to pay him according to 
his assessment (3) Such a Lover of Cards is he that lie has 
proplianly Enough Exprest himself tliat it is as Lawful to play 
at Cards as to read the Scriptures (4) he has attempted the 
Rescue of a Prisoner out of the officers hands (5) he has not 
kept the kings peace when he might and ougiit by his personall 
presence to have done it: Justice John Smith as is a man 
of a very small and Inconsiderable Estate, soe it can be proved 
that Contrary to his oatli [of] office, and Duty to King George, he 
has taken no notice of the jnformations made him by Credible 
Persons against a fellow for treasonable and Execrable speeches 
against King George and tlie prince of Wales, the fellow was 
Liver in Jamaica ; but hearing that the Kings Attourney was 
jnformed of his villany, and of the justices neglect fled. He 
the said Justice has given in the same action and Cases wherein 
he was sole judge, a Contrary judgment once for the plaintifie 
and again for tlie Defend' by this procedure, overthrowing all 
solid Grounds of Hope for Justice in the aggrieved subject. Jus- 
tice John Clement has done a tiling in the County, till this day 
never before heard oif Perhaps in all America In a justice Court 
held before him : Where justice Wliitehead was plaiutiffe, and a 
N^ew Town man Defendant the Defendant Refuseing to pay what 
Whitehead had assessed him, was Tossed from town to town and 


from place to place hy the said justice Clement, to wait on nine 
Courts successively, and at Last Whitehead Carry ed it by the Sen- 
tence of Clement ; his free holder in vain Contradicting and op- 
posing the Judgment; Justice W™ Cornell lias in a most Ai-bitraiy 
manner out Braved the Law, and in Defiance of the limitts sett 
to the autliority of Justices, taken upon him in Ins Petty Justice 
Court to try and give Judgment in a Case of three pounds 
Expressly against the letter of the La,w. And soe much Doth 
he honour the Comission of the peace that he was Indicted, for 
Robing severall persons of their ffish and Apparell and had a 
Eill found against him for the same Last Court of Sessions at 
Jamaica, at the Commiting this fact Justice Whitehead was 
present, an Idle Spectator Namely suffering this wrong to be 
done to the men, Justice John Hunt we cannot Look upon him 
other than an Instrument of very great Hardships and Cruel 
severities upon his poor Neighbours of Newtown, and how" far 
he Consults their Good and Quiet in liis office, may in part 
appear by a few of the many Instances that may be offered In 
his Couduckt. He summoned a man before him for a matter of 
fact done out of the County, then Committed it to arbitration of 
men for Decission then against the mind of the arbitrators 
Resum*! the action. Cast the Defend' in £1: 4. 6: out of which 
the arbitrators had a Dollar, att another time upon the accidental! 
Breaking a Brass shoe Buckle in his presence a Court was 
Called and tlie matter Long Debated he gave Judgm* against the 
Defend' for six sliillings Damage and three Dollars for Cost of 
suit. Its observable that tliis mar that was Defend t ^^•as allowed 
no time as the law Indulges to prepare his Defence (3) He the 
said the Justice Hunt Contrary to his oath and ofS.ce, has Taken 
on him tlie office of Constable and in person summoned a man 
by vertue of said summons to appear before himself in Court 
he Tryed and Determined the Case against the Defend' gave 
four shillings to the Plaintiffe more then the Debt and allowed 
six shillings to himself there being no evidences ; 

May it Please your Excellency to Consider tlie premises and 
grant us such redress as to you shall seem most Convenient, and 
by Redressing our wrongs Eifectiuilly prevent the Effects that 
abused power and autliority threatens our persons and Estates 


with, we pray your Excellency to Believe that it is with no 
small Regrett we offer anything that may Lessen the Character 
of these Gentlemen with you, soe on the other hand we promise 
ourselves your Countenance in Exposing tlie false measm-es those 
Gentlemen have fallen into, to the hurt of many, its not a mis- 
chief Perpetrated against a single person, or soe tho' to their 
undoing that moves us to this address against men of such 
Distinguisht Stations as the Justices are among us, But the 
Inconveniences we and many others are fallen into, those Effect us 
nor are we under any Concern to make good what we have here 
affirmed against those justices ; or any of them by name All the 
articles alledged against those named we offer to prove fully 
without succumbing in any one article whatever, and Doubt not 
to make it appear that we have been sparing prhaps to a fault, 
(as things are now with us) in telling truth Less against them 
than we have truth and proof to support us in. Your Excellency 
we hope will wisely Consider, as the above mentioned abuses of 
the justices in Diverting from the fundamentall Laws and great 
ends of magistracy and Government, soe tlie Quallities of the 
men, Considered without the ornaiments of their honorable office 
to Recommend 'em to your ExceHencys Good Likeing we believe 
those will be found to be but of a size with their neighbors, 
neither we hope will your Excellencys good will and favour be 
monopolized by a sett of men, that know soe Little to value or 
use it, we Intirely submit to your Excellencys great Discretion, 
to Act in tlie premises as you shall thinlc filt and that you will 
see Cause to Out these persons of an office, they have bore so 
Contrary to the Ends you proposed to your self in honoring 
them with it, and your Excellencys Petitioners shall pray 
Samuel fitch John Carman 

Silas Titus John Carpenter 

Daniel Smith Samuel Coe 

Elias Bayles John Coe 

New York Secretary's Office May U^^ 1719 
A true Copy Examiu'd p'' me 

J. Bobin C. 


[A number of affidavits accompanied these papers. The following will give 
some idea of their character:—] 

Isaac Smith of liemsted being of full age being sworn upon 
ye holy Evangelists sayeth that being togetlier with Obediali 
Ualentin booth Uestry men of s"^ towen was in Company witii 
Tho: Gildersleef Church Warden of s^ towTn he the s^ Church 
warden told us ]ie was Dissatisfid witli the Justisis under 
mentioned tliear Eating and Drinking up tlie poors mony (meaning 
the poor of hemstid) upon our asking him how they did it he 
ansured tliat thay had Demanded of him six pounds of the poors 
mony by their Warrant to pay he beleued for thear Eating and 
Drinking We told him tliat lie ought not to paid it he mad 
ansur he thought he must not Deny the Justisis warant afterward 
wlien tlic Justisis and Uestry met to rais mony for the Minister 
and poor as the Law Directs I told the Justisis thay ought to 
return the poors mony taken as afors^ for that their Demanding 
receuing and Conuarting it to their own user was a thing 
Contrary to Law — Coll. Hicks then present reade tlie act of 
Assembly showing that y" mony ought to be issued by a Joynt 
Consent of Uestry men and Justisis for the End and purpost^ 
spesifid in tlie act and no othe^: Notwithstanding tlio Justisis 
refused to repay the mony tho they ownd J ust. Cornell liad rescued 
twenty shillings Just. Uanwick 20 shiDings Coll : Jackson one Doller 
for thir own use which he refusd to repay Exsept he sliould git his 
Diner out of the Doller as for the rest of the mony these tliree 
Justisis told us that it had been Laid out apon a woman that had 
Laid a bastard Child att M^ Clarcks Dore — this w^as alleged by 
them but it helps us nothing when Uallntin and I told them thay 
ought not in this sort to mack yous of the poors mony all that 
^\e said preuaild nothing with these Justisis to refund one penny 
of the poors mony teaken as a boue s^ and apon the Gouerners 
absenc in the garseys obed Ualintin and I had written complaint 
against thes prosedings into tlie hands of M'" Clarck sine which 
time nothing lies been Don in the affair further this 
Deponant sayeth not 
Jamaica May y® 22: Isaac Smith 

Sworn befor me 

Joseph Sackett, J ustis 


Thomas Hazard of N: Town aged about thirty seven years 
being Sworn upon tlie Holy Evangelist saitli ; yt at ye time of 
being prosecuted by Kichard Combs in pretence of not doing his 
Duty as Churchwarden, Justice Jonth Whitehead used many 
arguments with him to perswade him to deliver ye money 
wch was demanded of him by M-- Poyer, telling him yt if he 
would promise ye money he would do his endeavour, yt he 
siiould not be fmed ; but ye deponent refused to Comply with 
his advice j some time before tliis. Justice Whitehead told him 
y M'- Poyer had bought a Quantity of wood of him & if he 
recovered liis Sallary that he pretended to : he was to pay him 
nine pence per Load, and if he recovered it not he was to have 
nothing. Justice W^hitehead pei-swading him to pay the money 
to M"" Poyer put him in mind of what he had told him formerly, 
when Justice Whitehead had usd many arguments with him, 
this Deponent told him yt he Believed yt he Wanted his money 
for his Wood yet said T\niitehead, I wonder y^ that you will dn 
me so mucli Damage, Coosen Hazard, to keep me out of my 
money, for I want it : to w<=h Deponent answered Uncle, if it be 
so I tliink you are not fit to be a Judge in this Case. 

And further this Deponent saith not. r 

Thomas Hazard. 
May 27. 1719. Sworn before me one of 
his Majs Justices of ye Peace for Queens 

Joseph Sackett. 

Saxuell Hear of Jamaica inkeper aged about 33 yers being 
Deposd on the holy Euanglists sayeth tliat Desember Last as he 
remembers Jolrn Turner Leat of the towne abouesf^ Did att his 
hows in the presencof thimsellf and Thomas Rattoun and others 
refuesd to Drink King Georgis helth saying God dam him I do 
not acknoledg him the same words he spoke against the princ 
of Wals whare upon Rattoun thretned to tlirow him behind the 
fire and the Deponant told he wold be hangd to which turner 
answerd it should beat the End of M'- Clows hows this Deponant 
further saith that next day Justis John Smith came and askt 
whither that is true that rattoun told Joseph Smith what John 


turner iiad said a gainst the King the Deponant answrcd it was 
to true turner had spoken treason a gainst the King in his hering 
the Justis made no further Inquiry of s^ Deponant at that time 
or any other further this Deponant sath not 

Sworn before me 

RiCHD Betts Justis. 
May ye 29 1719. 

Thomas Hazard aged about 37 years being Sworn upon the 
Holy Evangehst saith y' before the Church- Warden was tryed, 
upon the Complaint of tlieir refusing to tlieir duty John Hunt 
Esq^ told the Deponent yt the Clili Warden would be turn'd out 
and yt Sam^ Clows and Thomas Willet would be put in their 
Room, according to which prejudication or prediction it happen- 
ed : And fui'ther ye Deponent saith not : 

Thomas Hazard 
Jun : 9: 1719: Sworn before me one Oi 

Ms Majesties Justices of ye Peace the 

Queens County : 

John Hunt. 

Jeremiah Wood of Hainsted aged fourty three years being 
deposed on tlie holy Evangelist Saith that on Tuisday or Wed- 
ens day the last week Jus^^ John Smith came to the house of the 
deponent and told him tliat he had heard that Thomas Langdon 
and the deponent were to go down to York to giue Evidence 
against himself & Just^ Corual before the Goliernor next Thurs- 
day but if he deponent w^ould not appear against himself & 
Jus^s Cornal before the Gouerner he & s*^ Cornal would Giue him 
good satisfaction the next Saterday the s*^ Justs Smith farther 
adding I am now Come from Jus: Cornal & farther this Depon* 
saith not. 

The mark of 
Jeremiah X Wood. 
Sworn before mee 

the 9«bday of June 1719 

W'n Doughty Justice. 




His Ex'y liaving read a Petition from several of the Inliabit- 
ants of the preciuct of Jamaica in your County has Commanded 
me to send you the Inclosed Copy, that having Considered wliat 
is there suggested as Complaints against you fur the Judgem*^ by 
you given and other your transactions and Conduct upon the Acts 
of Assembly for maintainance of the Minister of tliesaid precinct 
you may return to liis Ex'y your Answer thereto. 

Eut th.ere being otlier Complaints in the said petition against 
several of tiie Justices you are to give to Each of them Copys of 
those particular Complamts which concern them and wth all to 
signify to tliem that they do \\^^ all convenient speed appear 
before his Ex'? to answer to what is so Complained of against 
them giving timely notice thereof in writing under their hands 
to the petitioners or one of tliem that tliey may be present and 
prepared to make proof of the said Complaints if any they hav^ 
I am &c. Q. Q 

Secrys office May ]4tii 1719. 
To the Justices of the peace for 
Queens County. 


May it Pleas your Excellency 

• It is with the higliest sence of Gratitude that we reflect upon 
your Excellencys most particular favour and goodness to us tlie 
Magistrates of Queens County by permitting us this way to Jus- 
tifie ourselves against the Complaints Contained in the petition of 
Sanuiel Fitch and others preferred to your Excellency concerning 
some of our Judicial proceedings. To do which . so far as those 
Complaints relate to us Jointly we are under no manner of 
Concern, for nothing can be more Remote from the truth than 
are the Suggestions Alleadged in the said petition. 


We ]]umbly begg your Excellency's patience to hear the 
account oi our whole proceedings in relation to our tiu-ning out 
the Churcli Wardens of this parish appointing new ones, Raiseing 
money witliout the Concurrence of the Vestry, and Ordering 
the payment of that money to the Reverend Mr. Thomas Poyer 
Minister of Jamaica. 

Tliere being some money raised for the Ministers Salary in the 
liands of John Everet and Thomas Hazard Churcli Wardens ; 
on the Application of Mr. Poyer some of us signed Warrants 
ordering them to pay that money to him which they Refuseing to 
do Complaint was made to us thereof, and . on the O*^*" day of 
ffebruary last we Ordered them to be summoned before us on 
tlie 14"! of the same Month according to the Directions of the 
Explaining Act of the Ministry. Att wliicli Day they appeared 
and owned that they had refused to pay the money but offered 
nothing either in Excuse or Justification ; only prayed further 
time to give their Reasons, because their Council M^ Jamison 
could not be there and produced a Letter from him to that purpose 
pose, according to their prayer (when Justice Whitehead was a 
very earnest Solicitor in their behalf ) We did adjourn to the 23^ 
Jfebruary, Att which day they came with M-" Attorney General 
who Appeared in tlieir behalf, and M' Bickley for the prosecu- 
tion ; M'' Clowes did not at that time speak at all. 

M'' Attorney to the best of our remembrance offered these 
reasons only. 

P' the money must be paid by Order of the Justices and 
Six of tlie Vestry and Could be done no other ways. 

2^ Tlie practice of New- York was, that tlie Vestry signed the 
Warrants tor paying away the money The Justices cannot do it 

3^'}' That indeed he thought nevertheless, That the Justices 
might order away the paying of the money alone if Application 
had been first made to the Vestry to try whether they would 
sign the Warrants or not, but tliat not having been done the 
Justices could not Do it alone, and therefore the Church Wardens 
in this Case might refuse to obey the Warrants for the words of 
the Act of Assembly were Express, 

To these it was said on the other side That the Justices were 


Comaiided to order awa}' the paying of tlie moneys as well as 
raiseing Itt by Virtue of the Kings Writt of Mandamus to them 
Lately Directed out of the Supreme Court and that the Law said * 
the King might Commit the Execution of his Statutes to wliom 
he tliinks fitt and Consequently to tlie Justices of the peace, 
though they be not particularly named in tlie statute. 

That Judges are to make such Exposition of Statutes as not 
to sufter them to be Illusory. 

That Judges are to make sucli Consti-uction of Statutes that 
may Redress the Mischief and Advance the Kemedy and Sup- 
press all subtile Inventions & Evasions for the Continuance of 
the Mischiefe, and to add force and Life to the Cure and remedy, 
according to the true Intent of the Act and tiie publick Good. 

That Statutes are alwa}'s to be so Interpreted tliat there should 
be no failure of Justice, and many other Arguments, so tliat on 
the 26^' of the said Month of ifebruary we Did Give Judgment 
against two Chiu'ch Wardens and ffined them and immediately 
thereupon gave them notice of our judgment, and the same day 
a writing under our hands and Seals to Dismiss tliem fi-om their 
office was Delivered to Each of them ; and new Church Wardens 
were then appointed by us in tlieir stead. 

We are humbly of Opinion may it please yoiu- Excellency 
that in our proceeding and Judgment herein We have acted 
according to the true Intent and meaning as well as the Express 
Letter of the Two Acts of Assembly relating to the Ministry, 
That it would have been the higliest Injustice in us either to 
have acted otherwise or Refused to act at all, for as Right Judg- 
ment ouglit to be Done, so Justice ought not to be Denyed ; and 
it is very plain by tliose Acts that the Justices or any two 
of tliem are Empowered alone to raise the money if the 
Vestry refuse or neglect to Joyn wdth tliem in the Doing it. 
And how Could it be Supposed tliat those very persons who had 
refused to raise the money would when raised agree with us in 
tiie orderhig and Disposing of it, neither With humble sub- 
mission Can we think it in tlie Least reasonable they can have 
any power at all in the Disposeing of that money since they had 
tlnis willfully Lost their power of Raiseing it ; besides we were 
further Enforced to this by the King's Writt of Mandamus 
before mentioned. 


As to tlie main tiling wliicli troubles these petitioners (tlioiigli 
their yearly propoi'don of the Minister's Salary is but very 
small amounting in the -whole scarce to three & twenty Shillings 
(notwithstanding they would Insinuate as if themselves were 
very considerable persons in tlie parish) to Witt our ordering 
the money to M' Poyer. We think it beyond all Doubt that 
the money can belong only to a Minister of the C3itu-c1i of 
England. We know M^' Poyer is such, and that lie was Inducted 
by Orders from Your Excellency near nine years agoe, and has 
very Dilligently Officiated all over the parish ever since ; and 
therefore tiiat the money is due to him, for though we have the 
Misfortune to have Dissenters to be Vestry men who either refuse . 
to Call at all ; or at Least call such a person as by Law is not 
Quallyfied to accept of it (wliich is all one) we do not therefore 
think that the Cure ought to Lye Vacant and thereby the Souls 
of the people neglected, besides we are Confirmed in our 
Opinion by a Late very mature Judgment given upon a Special 
Verdict in the Supream Court in an Acfion brought in by M"^ 
Poyer against M"" M^Nlsh for recovering part of the ministers 
money, v/here the Right of M^ Poyer Avas fuUy argued k Judg- 
ment past in liis behalf. 

As to their Accusation of Caballing we know^ nothing of any 
private meetings much Less Cabals to Concert any thing in 
relation to the Church Wardens ; but if any meetings had been, 
we humbly tliink the w-ord Cabal too hard a Term, we also deny 
that any of us acted w'ith any heat or Vv^armtli in those matters^ 
Notwithstanding the many provocations Me have met with from 
some restless Spirits ; unless it be M' Justice Whitehead w^lio 
we Confess did in our private Conferrences appear so Zealous & 
Earnest on belialf of t]ie Churcli Wardens that some of us 
suspected he had received a store from them. 

M'' Clowes was not Employed by us, but ifeed by the prosecu- 
tor against the Church Wardens, whicli ffee we suppose was his 
Inducement and not the unproiTitable office we put upon Iiim. , 

As to those matters of Complaint Avliich Concern those 
Justices which arc particularly named, Ave have given them 
Copy of the particular Articles which Concern them. 

And noAV may it Please your ExceDency to permit us Avith 


all liiimble submission to Lay before you, our Sincere tliouglits 
of the Causes true Source & Spring of the Troubles in this 
County and those Complaints. 

Tliough the first Act of Assembly for sttling the Minis Lry was 
made before there was any Church of England Minister in tlie 
province, except the Chaplain ol' the forces ; yet no Dissenting 
Minister Did ever preteiid to much Less venture to receive 
any moneys raised b}' tliat Act, till the Dissenting I\Iinis!er in 
Jamaica M^" George M^Nish with much assureance Assayed itt. 
This is the man by name who in Concert with a very few otliers, 
i.5 the Contriver and Ring Leader of ail our Commotions ; 
and Indeed has successfully puzled the people about Religion 
That he has almost extinguish'd Charity amongst us. And tho 
nothing be more Evident than this yet he still is resolved to 
prosecute his Cunning Contrivances though against all Law, 
Reason, and practice, yea and as we Can prove against the 
Councils and Entreaties of Diverse Ministers, even of Ids own 
persuation but he finds his Account in it. These people the 
petitioners are but the Tools of this Machiavil 'tis he that is their 
only support, he presides in all their Councils, Appears publickly 
for them, at almost all Coiu'ts to Abett tlieir Actions ; 'tis he 
that occasioned and perswaded M^' David Wriglit late a Justice 
of peace here (but Justly Displaced by your Excellency for this 
very reason) to take upon Mm to Judge of a Warrant Given by 
Eight of us for raiseing the Minister's Salary, and to adjudge it 
void ; and tliat the people ought not at all to regard the same. 
'Twas before this Justice Wright and in the presence of above 
an hundred people of the parish of Jamaica, that this fomenter 
of Differences Averred, that the Act for the Explaining of the 
Act for the Ministry, was no Act of Assembly, or of any manner 
offeree in this province ; for that it was never past into an Act, 
nor was ever published, neither to be found in the Secretary's 
Office, and though an Exemplification of tlie Act was tlien 
produced in parchment under the Broad Seal of the province ; 
his Accomplices M^ John Coe (one of the petitioners) av^erred 
(we believe very untruly) That the Deputy Secretary had told 
him tliat he never gave any Exemplication tliereof. And not to 
trespass to much upon your Excellency's patience, We Immbly 


pray Leave to say That we have very gi-eat reason to believe, it 
was Chiefly by this Gentleman M'' M^Nish his practices, that 
was the Occasion of the Late Riot Committed here, a Riot so 
very flagitious that nearly Border'd upon RebelUon ; for it 
appears by a Deposition relating to that matter, that he Diswaded 
some persons from Assisting the Officers to quell that Riot ; And 
lie liimself has Confessed before us, that he had been present at 
near twenty private Meetings with the people (those of his own 
Congregacon we supose) and had always perswaded them not to 
pay the Minister's Rate, wliich has been order'd to be Levyed. 
by Warrant under the hands and Seals of 8 Justices of the peace j 
and though indeed he ^vould soften tlie matter by saying at the 
same time (when the people talkt of resistance) That he would 
not have tliem to use force, for that a good Cause might be lost 
by bad management. Yet when people prone Enough of 
themselves to Disobedience, are by the art of words possest with 
a firm Opinion, That the Officer who comes to Demand Taxes 
of them is only a pretended Officer, and that the Law by which 
he acts is only a pretended Law, there being no such thing in 
Reality ; and consequently That the Officer makeing Distress in 
these Circumstances, is no otlier than a Robber ; We say when a 
Bigoted people are tlius spirited up by their Ghostly Guide, It 
is no wonder notwithstanding his cold caution to tho Contrary, 
if they are hurryed into the Last Extreams ; and we knowe that 
the Greatest Rebellions have often sprung from such suggestions. 
Your Excellency will be pleased to pardon us. If we havo 
shown any unusual warmth in our Expressions herein, our 
Designe being only to report to your Excellency matters of fact, 
truely as they are, without Embellishments. And we in all 
humility submitt the Consideration of these things, as well as 
our own proceedings, to your Excellency's Great Wisdom, and 
favourable Construction ; We are very Certain that Ave have 
Acted notiiing in these matters but with tlie utmost Caution, and. 
with a pecuhar Regard and Tenderness to the persons Concerned, 
our Dissenting Brethren, now said to be Aggrieved; and as we 
are sure we have done Everything herein, according to good 
Conscience, and our knowledge of tilings, so Ave humbly think 
we have Exactly followed the Rules of the LaAv. If we Avere 


guilty of tlie Least of the Ai'ticles Drawn up against us, we 
should acknowledge our selves wholy unworthy of the Ilonom- 
Conferr'd on us by your Excellency, but as w^e humbly think 
we are not, we Cannot in tlie Least Doubt of your Excellency's 
Discountenancing these petitioners, Censuring the Disturbers of 
the peace of tliis County, alid by your favourable Construction 
of all our Designs and Actions Encourage us to go on in our 
Duty with Allacrity. 

Wee Remaine 

May it Pleas yo^ Excellency 

Yoiu' Excellency's most humb: 
and most Obed* Serv'^^: 

W'" Hallett 
Jouai* Whitehead 
Jamaica y«^ 27*1* John Smith 

May 1719. John Hunt ^ 

To His Excell-.y Brigadier Hunter Wi: Cornell 

Governour of the Province of John Clement 

New York &c=» ' W'-'^ Doughty. 


Jamaica June 16th 1721. 

S"" — Here in my Parish is a Gentleman mider such circum- 
stances at p'sent yt he can't come to New York, and has noAV a 
mind to alter his condition of Life, or to marry, w^ he w*^ have 
kept very secret for Reasons best known to himself. 

Now since he can't go to j° to give in security according to 
Law, &, for privacy sake, w-ill be married by Licence, tliese are 
to desire yo to send me p^ Bearer a blank License & Bond 
inclos'd & I will take care to hav6 a Bond executed before I fill 
up yc Licence, and engage to send yo y Money for it. I beg y'' 
Favour of yo if it may be to comply w'l^ tliis Request of, S^ 

Y- most humble Serv* 

Thos Poyeh. 



Jamaica May 24 1723. 
Honored Siu 

Yours of tlie 1 5*!^ of June by the Rev-^ M"^ Skinner was sent 
me on 9'" Nov^ following at which time I was so very ill I had 
but little hopes of recovery & this is the first opportunity that I 
liave since had of writing to you indeed I have been but in a 
poor state of health for several years last past yet according to 
my capacity I have not neglected my duty to the people com- 
mitted to my charge nor to transmit to you an account of my 
proceedings here wliich because as I understand by tlie last you 
have not received I shall now as 'tis my duty again inform you 
of. I expected as I had great reason that after I had obtained 
Judgement from the Honb'e the Chief Justice of the Province 
Coll Lewis Morris for a part of my Salary I should have met 
with no more trouble about the rest of it but I found myself 
much mistaken for the then Church Wardens two very obstinate 
men and of the most rigid of their Sect, Independents, put me 
to as much or more trouble in suing for the X45 the Countrey 
money wliich was lodged in their hands (as the law directs) for 
me and for it also I had judgement October last was 12 months 
some part of the arrears I have received and other I shall never 
get cause some of the Collectors that the said arrears was 
paid to are dead and left no effects behind them to pay it & some 
of them living tliat have spent what they received and now are 
SQ poor tliey are not able to repay. Tliis Sir is a short and true 
account of that matter in general. 

. Hond Sir &c 

Thos Poyer 




Jamaica on Long^ Island Province of N. Y. 

Q How long is it since you went over to the Plantations as a 
missionary ? 

A I embarked for this place the last day of Dec 1709. 

Q Have you had any other Church before you came to that 
which you now possess : & if you had what Church was it, 
and how long have you been removed. 

A No 

Q Have you been duly licensed by the Bishop of London to 
officiate as a Missionary, in the Government where you now are 

A Yes 

Q How long have you been Inducted into your Living. 

A July 18^'' 1710 

Q Are you ordinarily resident in the Parish to which you have 
been Inducted 

A Yes 

Q Of what extent is your Parish, & how many Families are 
there in it 

A About 15 miles long & 6^ broad & as near as I can find 
ajwut four hundred & nine (409) families in it. 

Q Are there any Infidels, bond or free, witliin your Parish ; 
& what means are used for their conversion. 

A Yes there are botli, bond & free, but the number of them I 
can't learn & I take what pains I can to instruct those that I 
have opportunities of conversing with 

Q How oft is Divine Service performed in your Church ; and 
what proportion of the Parishioners attend it. 

A Every Lord's day & on the others days set apart by our 
Churcli but there are not above 80 families of tlie above mentiont'd 
409 that come to it the rest being Dutch k, Enghsh Dissenters 
of all Sorts. 

Q How oft is the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper administered 
And ^dlat is the usual number of Communicants. 

A Four or five times in the year k sometimes uftener as T liave 
my health, but I have seldom above 40 Communicants at a tijue. 

Vol. hi. 20 


Q At what time do you Catechize the Youth of your Parish t 

A All sent tvvice a week in the Church, & as many as come 
to my house I catechize once a fortnight throughout the 3-ear 

Q Are all things duly disposed &, provided in the Church for 
the decent & orderly performance of Divine Worship — 

A Our furniture for the Communion Table are good but oui 
pulpit Cloth & Surplice are very indifferent 

Q Of what value is your Living in Sterling Money, and how 
does it arise. 

A About £39 sterling money, this is paid me in money of 
this province & a ta-s: raised on each inliabitant by two Acts of 
our General Assembly 

Q Have you a House & Glebe 1 Is your Glebe in Lease or 
let by the Year Or is it occupied by yourself ? 

A There is a Parsonage house & Glebe here, but a Dissenting 
teacher is in it & I am obliged to pay hire for a house. 

Q Is due care taken to preserve your House in good repair 1 
And at whose expense is it done ? 

A My Answer to your Lordship's former Query wiU I hope 
also suffice for this. 

Q Have you more Cures than one ? If you have what are 
they 1 And in Avhat manner served 

A Yes I have two besides Jamaica each of which I serve 
once a month. 

Q Have you in your Parish any Public School for the instruc- 
tion of Youth 1 If you have is it endowed 1 And who is the 
Master 1 

A There are Schools in each Town in the Parish but the 
masters & mistresses of them are some of them presbyterians 
and otlicrs Quakers — 

Q Have you a Parochial Library ? If you iiave are the 
Books preserved & kept in good condition'? Have you any 
particular rules and orders for the preserving of them 1 Are 
those rules & orders duly observed 1 

A Yes I have and according to the Venerable Society's 
Order, I take great ctue of their Books — 

I am may it please &<= 

Thos Poyer Hector of Jamaica. 



Jamaica, October 8th 172J. 

May it please your Lordship 

In obedience to your Lordships commands I have ansirered 
the Queries as well as I could k sent 'em to the Rev<i M'" Vesey. 

And now my good Lord I humbly beg your patience and par- 
don while I give your Lordship a true and brief account of my 
great misfortunes since I had the honor of being employed by 
the Venerable Society. 

I entered into their service on 29 Sept 1709 & according to 
their order I embarked with my family the last day of Oct fol- 
lowing and was tossed about from one expensive harbour to 
another till the lO'i' day of April on which day we left England 
& were on oui- Voyage till the 7"' July following when we were 
cast away about 100 miles from this place. 

And from that day to this my life has been one continual 
scene of trouble for not to mention a great many of my afflictions 
a bare relation of which would take up too much of your Lord- 
ships precious moments, besides my being many years kept out 
of my allowance from the Country a great [part] of which I 
shall never receive because some in whose hands part of the 
money was are dead & ho effects left behind 'em to pay it & 
others run awiiy & a great deal of sickness I had myself & in my 
family all of us being seldom in liealth at the same time, I have 
buried two Wives & 2 cliildren in less than five years and am 
now eleven in fcimily the eldest of my family being little more 
than 16 years of age, there is tlie expence of every otiier Sunday 
when I go to Newtown & Flushing to be borne for myself and 
those of the children I take with me, there are all necessaries to 
be bought £16 yearly to be paid fur house rent & all this to 
come out of my stipend, no one of them being able to get & 
indeed too young to know how to save what is gotten this my 
Lord is too great burthen upon me. 

But there is yet a great addition to my troubles by my Bills 
not being accepted of and paid by the Ven^'i^ Society's Ti-easurer 
for my h years Stipend due & payable Sept 9 1718, and because 


this money was not paid to M'" Ellas Neau's order wlio was tlien 
the Catechist at New-York and my then correspondent he 
required of me my Bond which his Exr's shice his death liavo 
prosecuted and put me to a great deal of trouble & charge be- 
sides the ijijury ray cliaracter has sustained by it. 

Here is anotlier half years Salary due to me & ending March 
25 1723 which tiie Treasurer refuses to pay on tlie Order of 
Mess's John & Joseph R-eid I have this day drawn on the Said 
Treasurer for the last mentioned h years stipend & hope that he 
will pay it that I might not loose my credit and suffer so much 
in my cliaracter, 

I humbly beg y^ Lordships interest in my good patrons for if 
this money be not allowed I expect greater troubles than I have 
as yet known and I am persuaded my Lord that your Lordsliip 
will easily prevail on 'em when I have assured your Lordship 
that I have not that I know of ever drawn on 'em for any more 
than my Salary and tliat never until it was due without their 
order. I drew on 'em indeed for <£30 but tliis was to defray 
expenses I was at in the prosecution of tlie suit at law for the 
recovery of my Salary for which I have their order of the 7'ii of 

1715 and as I take it on account of the many troubles & 

difficulties I met with here & complained of to the Honb' Society 
by their Secretary in another letter dated Xber 17, 1716 they 
gave me leave to draw on 'em for X30 a§ they have been always 
patrons to the distressed so I thouglitHhis bounty of theirs was 
to enable me to bear up under more and greater difficulties than 
all the Missionaries that I know from that great and good body 
of men have met with (the ReV' M'' Thomas as only excepted.) 

I have often written to the Honb'^ Society by their Secretary 
of these tl^ngs & never have had any answer but I now beg 
humbly of your Lordship that you will be pleased to stand my 
friend that I may be thereby enabled to pay the Gentle" I am 
indebted to for that money and that I may clear of the disturb- 
ances which have almost crazed me. 

That God Aim : may long continue your Lortlp nn lionor k 
ornament to that part of liis Chtu-ch wliich is under the indulgent 
&. vigilant govo'nment & that you may fur all tlie ju'ous labours 
receive an ample but a late reward in the regions of Eternal 


Gloiy is and shall be the incessant and earnest prayer of, Right 
Reverend Father in God L<^ &c. 

Thomas Poyer 

By letter dated 7'h April 1715 M'" Poyer was ordered to pro- 
ceed at law for recovery of his Salaj-y at tlie charge of the Society 
& by his letter of tlie 1«' Oct. 1715 desires orders to take up 
money wliich he says M'' Bayeanx {sic) New York would supply 
him with tlie Society upon considering tliat letter ordered him to 
draw on their Treasurer for £'SQ stg: and at the same time 
ordered him to send an account of the expence he should be at 
in the law suit as will appear by a copy of the Secretary's letter 
of the 17 Dec 1716 so that he could not be mistaken & tliink 
that the Society intended him two sums of X30 tliey having made 
hini a present of a Gown & Cassock in tlie month of Sept & of 
£10 in October following his Salary lias been regularly paid as it 
became due & if any of his Bills were protested 'twas because he 
di'ew when nothing was due to him. 


New York 14 July 1727 

My Lord 

I have been informed by M^" Poyer that there is an Action 
commenced by the Presbyterians of Jamaica in Long Island for 
the English Church which tliey pretend was built and was taken 
by violence from tliem by My Loi-d Coriibury 

I know^ nothing certiiin about tlieir claim but if they take the 
course of law I cannot help it, but they having committed a riot 
in taking possession of the Church the Attorney General here 
has entered an information Jigfdnst them and I refused tliem a 
JVo/i Prosequi upon their application, that their rashness may be 
attended with charge and trouble at least if not punishment, 
which may per'iaps discourage tliein in their suit or make them 
willing to compromise it. 

My Lord 80° 

W, Burnett. 



Jamaica June 16th 1731 

; Rev. Sir 

By this opportunity I beg leave Immblj to represent to my 
Honb'e Patrons tlie Venerable Society for Propagating the Gospel 
in Foreign Parts that I have been tlieir Missionary here 21 years 
& may without incurring the imputalion of boasting say that ray 
diligence in the dischai-ge of my fimctions has been little inferior 
to any I pray God to give a blessing to tlie seed sown but so it 
is tliat besides tlie great and almost continual contentions tliat I 
have struggled withal amongst tlie Independents in this parish 
having had several law suits with them before I could have the 
Salary which the Country has settled upon the Minister of the 
Churcli of England several other law suits for some Glebe lands 
which we have lost and at last even the Cliurch itself of which 
we had the possession 25 years is taken from us by a trial at 
law (with what justice I cau"t pretend to say) tlio"' I say I have 
endeavored as patiently as I could to bear up under all these 
trials besides the loss of two Wives & Several children yet the 
infirmities of old age bear very hard upon me insomuch that I 
find myself almost unable to officiate at the three towns of 
Jamaica, Newtown and Flushing as I have hitherto done and 
which is absolutely necessary for the Minister of the Parish to do. 

The intent of these are therefore to beg tliat my distressed 
state and condition may be laid before the Vener^'« Society and 
that they will be pleased to permit me to quit my Mission and 
to return to Great Britain as being for tlie reasons aforegiven not 
capable of bearing such latigues and discharging my duty as I 
have done for so many years in this place. I humbly beg of my 
most honored patrons to consider my case & circumstances & I 
remain &,° 

Thos Poyer 



New York November 3J 1731 

Rev. Sir 

* * * * M'" Poyer is a much better man & Christian than 
himself [M^' Vesey is referred toj he endeavors to remove from 
Ids Mission in Jamaica, lie is a Grandson of Coll Poyer who died 
in the gallant defence of Pembroke Castle in the time of Oliver 
Cromwell which alune I liope will recommend him to the lavor 
and protection of the sensible and generous D^ Humphreys ; he 
is a good natured lionest man and is beneticent to his neighbors, 
which I take to be qualities superior to any M'' Vesey is possessed 
of; He has prevailed with M' Poyer to send a letter home 
desiring to be recalled which would infallibly ruin the poor 
Gentleman and his numerous family ; Therefore I entreat you 
to take care that the Society's answer may entirely leave it at 
his own choice ; whether to go home or not ; tliis I write at the 
desire of his best friends. 

The secret of this is that M-- Vesey wants to get quit of M^ 
Colgan and send him to Jamaica tho he must needs be sensible 
that M*^ Poyer will be ruined if he goes home or leaves his 
Mission. ********* 


New York Jany 25th 1731 [O.S.] 


About 10 dayes ago died the Rev' M"" Poyer Missionary at 
Jamaica on Long Island. The Presbyterians by the sly tricks k 
quirks of the common Law got the Church, the Parsonage house 
& lands into their possession & now they are resolved to deprive 
the next Missionary of <£G0 currency settled as a yearly Salary 
by an Act of Assembly. The next Missionary may depend 
upon it he must either engage in a law suit against the Dissenters 
or throw up the Salary above mentioned; and if he is not a 
man of tolerable good sense and resolution, they will get lug 


Salary also into tlieir possession and tliat Mission ^vill be entirely 
lost. J thank God I am very well beloved by all the Gentlemen 
of sense honor and virtue in this Province k if the Honb'« 
Society will be pleased to nominate me as Missionary in the 
room of M^" Poycr By the assistance of God the merit of a good 
cause & a laithful application no doubt but that 1 shall be able 
to obtain tlijs continuation of the Salary to the Missionary of 
Jamaica and perliaps recover what is already lost notwithstanding 
the number cunning and power of our adversaries this I leave 
to the consideration of the Society & hope they will either 
remove me to Jamaica or by a yearly bounty put me on an equal 
footing with my neighbouring Missionaries which I am persuaded 
will be thought botii a modest and a reasonable request. Ee so 
good as to liiy this before the Society at their next meeting 
which will add very much to your former favors of this kind. 

Alex Campbell. 


Jamaica June 14th 1734 

Rev' Sir 

I mMke use of an opportunity now offering of a Ship bound 
from hence to London for the conveyance of these lines to your 
hands the design of whicli was to acquaint the Venerable Society 
(as I am in dufy bound) witli tlie state of affairs relating (o my 
Mission but before I proceed herein gratitude obliges me to 
relurii my humble thanks to them for tlieir kind intercession 
witli his Excellency Coll Cosby our Governor in my behalf lor 
his Mandate of Induction inio the Parish of Jamaica who as he 
was pleased to grant before their application to him wliicli is an 
enhancement of the favor, so I am under no less obligation to 
them fur their granting me their assistance when I petitioned 
thom for it. My constant endeavour sliall be by God's help 
always to deserve it. 

Upon my first coming into the parish I found (he Church i)i a 
declining condition, the Quakers & Independents have been 


very busy to subvert & by many studied arts & rules utterly to 
destroy it — I may say the Christian religion lierc — one of their 
stratagems was to sue for an edifice wherein divine service was 
performed by Ministers of the Church of England near 30 years 
by pretence that they had a better riglit in it than the Church 
members & this met with not a little success for in suiiig M'" 
Poyer my predecessor who being Defendant in tlie Cfise they 
upon a very odd turn in the trial cast him. I am informed t'.iat 
in tliis suit the Counsel upon the part of tlie C:iurch always 
designed to put tlie matter on some points of the law which are 
clearly in the Church's favor & accordingly in tlie time of trial 
offered to demur in law but was diverted tlierefrom by the late 
Chief Justice Lewis Morris Esq'- (before wliom tlie trial was) 
who told them he would recommend it to tlie Jury to liud a 
special verdict and if they did not, but found generally & against 
the Church, lie would then allow a new trial which alter tlie 
Jury had Ibund a general verdict against tlie Churcli Jie abso 
lutely refused wlien the Counsel for the Church laid claim to his 
promise & strongly insisted upon the benefit thereof. I have 
been told by some of the Counsel for tlie Cimrch tliat the only 
seeming reason he gave for his denial was that a bad promise 
was better broke than kept & tlius an end was put to the 

This matter of fact Iiappening in the latter end of M'" Poj-er's 
days the toucliing brieily thereon leads me to an account of 
what was consequent upon it & happened since my settlement 
in Jamaica — The people being destitute of a C!iurch to 
perform their devotions to Almighty God were forced to assem- 
ble together for 3 or 4 years in the Town liouse a place very 
improper for divine service for many reasons tliat might be 
given and so a great many were disheartened & discour.iged 
from doing their duty on tlie Lord's day — In tliis condition I 
served them near upon two 3^ears & then the people here (l)el .-iig- 
ing to the Church) began to exert tliemsclves to the utter nust 
of their abilities towards building tl^em a new one Ixit fin ling 
of themselves t!iey could not accomplish this underlaking 
were obliged to aj.ply to several well disposed Christians in t!iis 
province from whom they received considerable ]iel])S and in an 


extraordinary manner from his Excellency our Governor his 
Lady & family who were pleased to favour us with tlielr company 
at the opening of our new Church & then to contribute largely 
towards the finishing it which was no doubt one means whereby 
otliers were moved to do so likewise so that now we have brtjuglit 
this building to sucli a degree of perfection as tliat we perform 
divine service in it tho' it is still lar from being complete and 
we are in great want of a bell, as to Clothes for our Pulpit, 
Reading Desk and Communion table with a large Bible, Com- 
mon Prayer Book and Surplice we are furnislied with those that 
are very decent and comely by the Governors Lady our great 
friend and patroness — 

Now our Church is in a flourishing state & by the blessing of 
God many are added to it now we are at peace with those 
several Sectaries that are round about us and I hope that by 
God's help peace will subsist amongst us — 

To sow the seeds thereof shall be my endeavour to be of a 
loving charitable demeanor to all men of whatever persuasion 
in matters of Religion shall be (by G(jd's help) my practice that 
so discharging my duty herein I may contribute my mite to the 
good of the Ciiurch of Christ, this is the promise of him who 
begs leave to subscribe himself &,c ^c 

. Thomas Colgan- 


Jamaica on L. I. 1735. 

Revd Sir 

According to my duty I take this opportunity for sending to 
the Venerable Society the follo\\ing accounts of afi'.iirs relating 
to my mission — in my last I gave the information concerning the 
Clmrch that has been lately erected here, of the flourishing and 
peaceable condition it was then in, and in this happy state (by 
the Blessing of G<;(1) it is at this pjesent. 

Those of tiie Independent persuasion who formerly through 
their ignorance or ui reasonable prejudice conceived it to be a 


crime to join witli the Church in Divine Worship do now very 
freel}^ k witli all tlie seeming sanctity k satisl'action that can be, 
come to our Church when there is no service in their meeting 
house. And several of tlie Quakers of Flusliiiig (which is a 
town inhabited chiefly toy those sort of people) do as often as it 
is my turn to officiate there attend upon Divine Service. This it 
is that opens a clear prospectus of the conversion of many Souls 
which God in his own time will make to the true Church of 
Christ since my removal into this parish I have baptized a 
considerable number of Children and several grown people but 
what may be thought wortliy of particular notice herein is the 
case of 2 persons a man and a Woman wlio were brought up in 
the principles k lived many years in the profession of Quakerism, 
the Man when upon his death bed sent for me, accordingly I 
visited him often and lie confessed before witnesses that he had 
been ignorant of the true soul saving knowledge of Christ. Tiiat 
now God was pleased to open the eyes of his understanding and 
to give him repentance to tlie acknowledging of tlie truth. He 
earnestly desired to be baptized and said "he could not die with 
that peace of mind or conscience till it was done k he received 
at my Hand the Sacrament of Baptism k to all outward appear- 
ance died a penitent Christian. The Woman when upon a sick 
bed sent for me & after sdme discourse with her desired Christian 
Baptism, but her nearest relations and friends who were about 
her who were Quakers endeavoured all they could to dissuade 
her from it, asking her whether she tliought the sprinkling a 
little water on her face, would carry her immediately to Heaven 
bidding her to remember what she had learned of them in her 
younger days and not depart from it; But though I was so 
passionately opposed in the discharge of my duty and this poor 
Woman so rudely beset at so Solemn a season as that must be of 
a seeming departure, yet I proceeded in the Office of Baptism 
and she as readily received it. But what may give the Venerable 
Society some further assurance of the success of my ministry 
here, through the blessing of God is the account I can now give 
them of another Church erected last April in this Parish at a 
place called Newtown about five miles from Jamaica where tliere 
is a considerable body of people belonging to the Church of 


England. They are a people who by their lives & conversaticns 
adorn their religion & profession and I have hopes that others 
seeing tlieir good works will be induced to follow their example. 
T liave one thing now to add & that is to beg .of the Honourable 
Society in behalf of niciny poor mistaken and ignorant people 
here that they would be pleased to send to this Parish a few 
Common Prayer books and some of the late Lr King's 
books concerning the Inventions of men in the Worship of God 
wliich I verily believe would be of great service among them, I 
shall if tliey come to my liands carefully dispose of tliem where 
'tis likely they will do most good. In the meantime I beg leave 
to subscribe myself &«= &<= &« 

Thos Colgan. 


Jamaica Novr 22a 1740 
Revu Si a 

« * * * ^g have yearly for these seven years last past 
increased in Church Members, so tliose buildings are generally 
well filled in time of Divine Service, & the worship of God is 
duly performed with, decency and good order, the several sects 
whicli are aroiuul us do look upon the Chui-ch with a more 
respectful eye tliyn formeiiy, tliere being not wanting either in 
myself or people any Christian like or prudential means necessary 
to form a reconciliation & union amongst us, some itinerant 
enthusifislical (eachers, have of late been preaching upon this 
Isl;nul the notorious M"" Wliitlield being at tlie liead of them & 
among other pernicious tenets, have broached such false & 
erroneous opinions concerning the doctrine of Regeneration as 
tend to the destruction of true religion k of a holy and virtuous 
life and theref )re I take this opportunity to beg that the Society 
would be pleased to bestow upon tlie people of this parish a few 
of'I)'" Waterland's pieces on tliat subject, & of his Lordship tlie 
Bishop of London's Pastoral letters upon lukewarmness and 



Jamaica Dccenn" 15th 1741 

Rev<J Sir 

However in tlie mean time be pleased to accept tliis general 
account of the State of my Mission tliere being three Churclies 
belmging to my Cure, that of Jamaica Newtown and Fiusliing, 
I must with a great deal of trutli say that not only they are in a 
growing condition & the members thereof generally of an 
exemplary life and conversation but that the C'.iurcli of England 
here was never in so mucii credit and reputation among the 
Dissenters of all sorts as at this day, their opinion concerning 
her doctrine as well as discipline being vastly more favourable 
tljan ever. Enthusiasm has of late been very predominant 
amongst us but is now in a declining state several of the teachers 
in that way as well as their hearers being found guilty of the 
foulest immoral practices and other of them have wrought 
themselves into the highest degree of madness — these occm-rences 
together with tliose good books lately sent over by the Society 
have taught people what the true spirit of Christianity is and 
what it is not & that it is to be found in a more sober rational 
Scheme than that delivered to mankind by M"" Whitfield that 
Arch Enthusiast and his adherents, having nothing more to add 
but the promise of all due diligence & fidelity in the discharge 
of all the Offices belonging to my Mission. I remain &<•- &c 

Thos Colgan. 


Jamaica Marcli 23il, 1743. 

Revd Sir 

* * * * Our Church here is in a flourishing condition 
her being depressed of late by tliose clouds of error & entlnisi- 
asm which hung so heavily about her, has in effect tended to 
her greater illustration &, glory. 


If the Society would be pleased to order me some small tracts, 
sucli as The trial of M'' Whitfield's spirit; An Englishman 
directed in tlie clioice of Ids Religion, Eishop Stiilingfleet's Un- 
reasonableness of seperation &c. I'm your most ob^ &c. 

Thqs Colgan. 


Jamaica Sept 29th 1743. 
Revd Sir 

Our C' lurch here was never in so thriving a way as at tliis 
time — for it has increased both in number & esteem with those 
who are without lier.pale, these eight or ten years last past more 
than it did fur 30 years before being one of the oldest Missions 
from the Society — This must be an argument Avith them, that 
under the benign influence of Heaven and their pious Care & 
bounty, ray faithful endeavours liave not been wanting to pro- 
mote and answer the end & design of my Mission to this place 
I would further acquaint the Venerable Society that since my 
last accounts I have baptized 17 persons belonging to 3 families 
in this parish, consisting of Men Women & children who before 
were tainted with the corruptions of Anabaptism &. Quakerism 
& have now before me a fair prospect of doing the like good 
office for otliers in a little time * * * * 


Jamaica Sept 29 1744. 
Revd Sir 

The several Churches belonging to my Cure (as those of 
Jamaica, Newtown & Flushing) are in a very peaceable & grow- 
ing state, whilst other seperate Assemblies in this Parish are in 
the utmost confusion k this I can write with a great deal of 


truth that Independency which has been triumphant in this 
town for the -10 j^ears last past is now by the providence of God 
in a very faint & declinyig condition wliich gives'us hopes that 
better Principles than sucii as issue out tlience will generally 
prevail amongst us & tliat we shall be better united than here- 

Revi Sir &« &,° 



. Jamaica Srpt 29th 1716 

Rev*^ Sir — These are to acquaint the Venerable Society that 
my endeavours in the work of my Mission are by tlie blessing 
of God attended with success a late & remarkable instance 
whereof we have in the conformity of a Family of good repute 
in y« Town from Independency to the Doctrine discipline and 
Government of our Church which considering all circumstances 
may be thought worthy of notice 

In my, letter of the 26 March last' I gave information to the 
Society of our being in a very hkely way of having a Clmrch 
erected in the town of Flushing a place generally inhabited by 
Quakers & by some who are of no religion at all whicli indeed 
has all along from the first settlement of the town been a great 
obstruction and discouragement to an undertaking of tliis kind 
but now by the kind providence of God (who has laised up 
Friends & money for the purpose) the work is actually begun 
so that I have hopes of performing divine Service in this new 
Church in about 3 months time and also that the Society will 
bestow upon it a Bible & Common Prayer Book according to their 
usual bounty for certainly there can be no set of People within 
this Province who are greater objects of the Society's pity & 
charity than those belonging to the town of Flushing of which 
I have been so truly sensible that it has brouglit me (if I may 
be! peri! itted thus to express it) to double my diligence iii that 

1 No copy of said Letter in MSS. 


place where error & impiefj greatly abound nor liave I been 
wanting (thro' the Divine assiskmce) in tlie other parts & duties 
of my Mission for tlie space of almost one and twenty years to 
approve myself a faithful Labourer k my trust in God is that I 
shall continue to ai)prove m} self such whilst I remain 6.^ L° 

Thqs Colgan. 


Jamaica March 28th, 1749. 

Rev^. Sir 

* * * * I have great hopes that our Cluirch at Flushing 
will in a little time gain ground among the Quakers who are very 
numerous there, and it is somewliat remarkable and may be 
thouglit wortliy of notice, that a man wlio had for many years 
strictly adhered to the principles of Quakerism, when that new 
Churcli was opened k a collection made he gave money for the 
use of that Church, but thinking lie had not put enough in the 
Plate, went immediately alter service and gave more to the 


Tlie Rev^ M'' Prime makes tlie following statement, relative to 
this Church (Hist. L. Island, p. 2C8.) 

" An Episcopal Cliurch v/as erected here b}' tlic avails of a lottery granted for 
that lauiiosc by the Colonial Legislature, November 4th 17u4," 

The Bill introduced fur the above pui'pose, passed both brandies 
of the Provincial Legislature December 5, 1754 but did not 
receive tlie assent of the Executive. The crigiiial is on tile in 
the Secretary's office, but is not signed by Lt Gov. Lelancy who 
then adniin'stcrtd the government, and tlujefbre tailed to become 
a law. It ccnsequcntly has no place among the acts tnumeiated 


at the Close of the Session as having " passed," nor is it printed 
among the Statutes. See Assemb. Journal ii, 408 et seq. 432. 
Also Council Min. xxiv. 150. Parker & Gaines' Laws of New 
York, p. 29 (for Acts passed 1754 ;) also Van Schaack's Ditto, p. 



Jamaica Oct 10th 1759 
Rev^ Sir 

I heartily wish it was in my power to give the honoured 
Society an account of my success in this Mission answerable to 
their piaus care & expense, I have indeed baptized within the 
last half year One White & One Negro Adult fifteen White & 
tlu-ee Negro Infants but have gained no new Commimicants — 
PreachiDg once in three weeks at a place I find by experience 
will do a little more tlian keep up the present languid sense of 
rehgion and was it not for the steady tho' slow increase of the 
Congregation at Newtown I should be almost discouraged. 

Flushing in the last generation the ground seat of Quakerism 
is in this the seat of Infidelity ; a transition how natural. 

Bred up in an entire neglect of all religious principles in 
hatred to the Clergy & in contempt of the Sacraments how hard 
is their conversion, especially as they disavow even the necessity 
of any redemption. 

At Jamaica open infidelity has not made so great a progress, 
a general remissness in attending divine Service however pre- 
vails, tho' I know not from what particular cause. 

I beg leave to assure the Society that my best endeavours shall 
not be wanting to answer their truly pious intention the 
advancement -of pure religion & virtue — Especially in striving 
earnestly to correct tlie present erroneous sentiments concerning 
religion that prevail in the Paiish. I am k^ &c 

Samuel Seabury. 

YoL. in. 21 



Jamaica March 28. 17Q) 
REvd Sir 

I heartily wish my success in this Mission was such as would 
justify my giving the honored Society an account thereof in 
some me^^ure equal to their expence and care of it. But such 
is the effect of the Deism & infidelity (for the spreading of wliich 
Quakerism has paved the way) which have here been propagated 
with the greatest zeal & the most astonisliing success that a 
general indifference towards all religion has taken place & the 
too common opinion seems to be that they shall be saved 
without the mediation of Christ as well as with; and even 
among those who profess themselves members of the Church of 
England a very great backwardness in attending her service 
prevails ; and particularly with regard to the holy Sacrament of 
the Lord's Supper so great is their aversion to it or neglect of it 
that I fear the number of Communicants at present scarce 
exceeds twenty. 

I remain &« 

Samuel Seabury. 


Jamaica Octr 6, 1760 

Rev^ Sir 

With respect to the state of my own ^lission things are 
considerably mended especially at Flushing which has ever been 
the seat of Quakerism & infidelity — Many young people of both 
sexes have steadily attended divine Service the past Summer 
whose Parents are eitlicr Quakers or Deists and behaved with 
great decency — They are now finisliing the Church which before 
was only enclosed so as to keep out the weather & I hope in my 
next letter to acquaint the Society of its being completed. 

At Newtown also they are repairing the Church & havt 
rebuilt the Steeple from the ground at a considerable expence 


and I had the pleasure the last time I administered the Com- 
munion at the Parish Church to "find three added to the number 
of the Communicants. 

I must beg leave to repeat my request to the honored Society 
for a number of Common Prayer Books wliich I am lately 
enc£>m'a§e(l to think may be distributed to advantage. 

I am &<^ &« 

Sajmuex Seabury. 


Jamaica March 2C, 1761. 

Rev^ Sir 

In my last I informed you that the people at Flushing were 
finishing their Church. The severe cold weather the past 
Winter obhge4 them to suspend the work some months, but 
they have now resumed it & are likely to complete it in a short 
time, together with a handsome Steeple whicli was begun last 
Autumn. The principal expense of this work is defrayed by 
M"" John Aspinwall & M»' Tho^ Grennall two Gentlemen Avho 
have lately retired thither from New York. 

M'' Aspinwall has besides made thom a present of a very fine 
Bell of about five hundred weight & I hope the Influence and 
example of these Gentlemen in their regular & constant attend- 
ance on divine Service will have some good effect on the people 
of that town Thro' M"" Aspin wall's means also that Church hatli 
been constantly supphed the last half year with a Lay Reader 
one M^ Tredwell a young Gentleman educated at Yale College 
in Connecticutt of an amiable character k disposition & who 
intends to offer liimself for the service of the [Society] and with 
tlieir permission to go to England next autumn. 

Rev<^ Sir &« 

Samuel Seabury 


To the Honourable Cadwallader Golden Esq President of 
his Majesty s Council and Commander in Chief of the 
Province of New York and the Territories depending 
thereon in America &c 
The Petition of the Minister of the Parish of Jamaica & 
Sundrey of the Inhabitants of The Town of Jamaica 
on Nassau Island Communicants & professors of the 
Church of England as by Law Estabhshed 
Most Humbly Sheweth 

That the Inliabitants of the Town of Jamaica: Members & 
professors of the Chui'ch of England as by Law Established: did 
some years ago by Voluntary contributions Erect k finish a 
decent & Convenient Church in the Town of Jamaica: for the 
Celebration of Divine Service according to the use of the Church 
Of England, but that tlu-ough the Want of some proper Persons 
to Superintend the Affairs of the Same: With Legal Authority, 
the Building is now Considerably out of Repair, and There is 
Danger Least moneys contributed for the Repair of the Same 
may be Improperly Apply^ to the Detriment of yoiu- Petitioners : 
& Thro' the want of Such Persons it also comes to pass y' Pious 
& Well Disposed People are Discouraged, in their Designs of 
Establishing & Erecting proper Funds for the Support Of the 
Church & its Ministry Your Petitioners Therefore Humbly 
beg that y^ Honour Takeing these things into Consideration 
Would be Pleas'^ to Grant us a Charter (Incorperateing such 
Persons as upon Mature Dehberation shall be found Worthy) 
with such Privileges & Immunities as in Your Wisdom you shaU 
think Proper And Your Petitioners as in Duty bound Will 
Ever Pray Aprill the 8'^ 176L 

Samuel Seabury Jur Minister Thomas Truxton 

Robert Howell Tho^ Braine 

Benjamin Carpenter Benj. Whitehead 

John huchiens Sam" Smith 

Jolm Smith William Sherlock 

Jacob Ogden John Innes 

, Joseph omeld Ridiard Betts. 

Joseph Olfield Jun' Isaac Vanhook 

Jhno Troup Tho^ Hindi man 

John Comes A^"" Lawrence 

Gilbert Comes 



Jamaica March 26. 1763 
Revd Sir 

^ After my humble Duty presented to the HonDie Society I must 
beg leave to lay before them an affair which has given them a 
good deal of concern & trouble & still continues to perplex the 
state of the mission. 

About eight weeks ago M^^ Tredwell the Society's missy at 
Trenton New Jersey, came into this Parish & passed thro' 
Jamaica, (within three quarters of a mile of my house) to 
Flushing on a Saturday, without letting me know that he was in 
the Parish, nor did I know till two days after that he was even 
in the Colony, The next day the Church at Flushing was (as 'tis 
said) violently opened & occupied by M"" Tread well, the key 
being in my possession. 

M'" Treadwell I am also told continued there some time 
preached the next Sunday after, went to New York preached on 
a week day, came to Jamaica k baptized a child within a little 
more than a mile from my liouse, the child being well & several 
weeks old, & I had not been out of the Town for more than a 
day for six months ; all this was transacted without giving me 
the least notice ; either by visiting me, or by message, or by 
letter ; nor have I yet either seen him or lieard from him, I am 
utterly unable to guess at the motive of M' Treadwell's conduct, 
unless he acted under the Influence & direction of M*" John 
Aspinwall of Flushing, a man of low Eirth & strong pa&slcus k 
violent in his resentments, who having acquired a great Fortune 
by privateering removed thither from New York & who has 
really done very considerably towards finishing the Church & 
gave it a good Bell. But who is disgusted with me for declining 
to give Newtown & Flushing to M-^ Treadwell, tho I readily 
consented & am willing to receive M^ T. or any other person 
that sliall be agreable to the Society into the Parish in an amicable 
manner ; but the Expenses of a growing family will not permit 
me to relinquish any part of the Salary. Nor do I conceive that 
I have any right to give up any part of the Parish to the entire 
management of another person, unless it should be divided by 


the same public authority which first established it. Had M' 
Treadwell made me acquainted with his being in the Parish I 
should readil)^ & gladly have invited him to preach at all th« 
three Chiu'ches, & am very sorry he did not give me the oppor- 
tunity, as it would have prevented all Disputes & a great dea,5 
of Talk & noise and ill Blood. I am told that I can have mj 
remedy at common Law and have been much urged by mj 
Warmer Friends to make use of it, but I would on no accounv 
have an affair of this kind litigated but choose to submit it 
entirely to the Venerable Society, knowing that while I discharge 
my Duty to them, they wiU protect me in the quiet & peaceable 
enjoyment of my mission, which I am sorry to acquaint them is 
a good deal disturbed & unsettled by this behaviour of M"*" 
Tread well's. 

The State of the Parish is in other respects much the same. 
A most unaccountable backwardness to receive the Holy 
Communion prevails, & I almost despair of getting the better of it, 
seeing I have laboured mucli both publicly & privately to bring 
them to a sense of their duty in this respect but with little 


Jamaica March 26 1764 

Reverend Sir 

My last letter to the Honb^e Society bore date Oct"" 4. 1763 
wherein I acknowledged receipt of the Prayer books & pious tracts 
they were pleased to order for this Mission, most of which I 
have now carefully dispersed in such manner as I thought would 
best promote the pious end proposed by them. 

From an acquaintance of more than Six years with tlie people 
of this Parish, I find tliat their backwardness to attend the 
Public Worship & and to comply with the Christiim Sacraments, 
is not entirely the consequence of want of thouglit and careless- 
ness which I at first apprehended to be tlie case, but am 


oonvinoed is owing .chiefly to the Influence of InSdelitj and 
Quakerism which have spread their corrupt Principles to a 
surprising degree, The cause of Jnfidehty in this Couniry seems 
to have had some early & zealous advocates & the conduct of the 
Quakers has very much favoured its increase — They trusting 
only to their Light witliin and neglecting to give their children 
any religious education expose them unguarded to the allure- 
ments of Vice & Sensual pleasure & they of course embrace the 
Principles that lay them under the least restraint, hence it comes 
to pass 4;hat in those villages where the Quakers wm-e formerly 
most numerous, tnere is- now the least appearance of any Rehgion 
at all. 

From ti'ijs view of things I am sometimes almost discouraged 
& fear it will not be in my power to do them any effectual 
service : It is with great difficulty that many are brought to 
attend divine Service, with still greater to submit to Baptism, 
because they think they can be as goo<:l without it, & as profita- 
bly employed at home, as at Church — And if one is prevailed 
upon to receive the holy Communion once or twice it is much if 
he comes again. 


Jamaica Octob 6th J7S4 

Eevd Sir. 

Since my last letter to the Honored Society we have liad a 
long visit from M' Whitfield in this Colony where he has 
preached frequently, especially in the City of New York and in 
this Island, & I am sorry to say he has had more influence than 
formerly & I fear has done a great deal of mischief his Tenets & 
Method of Preaching have been adopted by many of the Dissent- 
ing Teachers, & tliis Town in particular has a continual I had 
almost said a daily succession of Strolhng Preachers & Exhorters ; 
& the poor Church of England is on every occasion misrep- 
resented as Popish & as teaching her Members to expect Salva- 
tion on accoimt of tbeir own Works & doserviiigs — I have ija 


the most moderate manner endeavoured to set these things in 
their true light & I think not without success, none of my own 
people have been led away hj~ them, tho' I have not been without 
appreliensions on their account, and 1 hope that friendly Dispo- 
sition & mutual intercourse of good OfiSces which have always 
subsisted between the Church peoftle & Dissenters since I have 
been settled here & which I have constantly endeavoured to 
promote will meet with but little interruption. 
I am &c &° 

Sam^ Seabury. 


Jamaica June 28th 1765 

Eev^ Sir— The enclosed Petition from the Church Wardens 
& Vestrymen of the Parish of Hempstead, I have been desired 
by them to forward to the Honored Society*— They have called 
& presented to that Parish the Rev^ M^ Cutting the Society's 
present Missionary at Brunswick New Jersey ; and as the Church 
people at Hempstead, are very mucli pleased with M^ Cutting & 
very desirous of having him for their minister, and as I think 
(from an acquaintance of 12 years) that he is well quahfied to 
supply that Parish, and that he will do real service therein to 
the cause of virtue & Religion in general and to the Interest of 
the Church in particular, I hope the Society will not think 
me too presuming when I say that I think liis Removal tliither 
will be attended with happy consequences — 

Tho' the Congregation there is large yet a great part of it is 
composed of those who have had no religious impressions made 
on them by their Parents in their younger years : They come to 
church rather from habit than a sense of Duty & love of Religion 
Their continuance to come to Church will therefore depend in a 
great measure upon the good opinion they have of their minister 
and the principal opportunity he will have of doing them good 
will be by cultivating their good opinion & gaining an Influence 


upon the rising generation. For these reasons the more consid- 
erate & religious people among them, have been very anxious to 
get a Minister among tljem, that the Congregation were pleased 
with and for these reasons they are now solicitous to obtain M' 
•Cuttings removal among them 

It is evident to the most superficial observer that where there 
have been the greatest number of Quakers among the first 
settlers in this Country, there Infidelity & a disregard to all 
religion have taken the deepest root and if they have not entirely 
corrupted tlie religious principles of the other inhabitants they 
have at least very mucli weakened them and made them look 
upon Religion with indifference — This seems to me the reason 
why it is so hard to bring the people of that parish or this, to 
comply with the Sacraments of the Christian Church, or to tliink 
themselves under any obhgations of Duty to attend the pubhc 
Worship of God — This also seems to be the reason why the 
people of Hempsted tho' able to do considerably towards the 
support of their Minister are so very backward. They have 
learned from the Quakers to consider it as a mark of an 
avaricious & venal spirit for a minister to receive any thing of 
his people by way of support & while they continue in these 
sentiments (& it wiU be hard to bring them to a better way of 
thinking because their temporal interest is against it) I fear little 
can be done wilh tliem in that particular 

xGlli'S »x" U,^ 

Saml Seabury 


Jamaica AprU 17th 1766. 
Rev^ Sir 

We have lately had a most affecting ace* of the loss of Mess* 
Giles & Wilson the Society's Missionaries ; the sliip they were in 
being wrecked near the entrance of Delaware Bay & only 4 
persons saved out of 28, their death is a great loss in the present 


want of Clergymen in these Colonies, & indeed I believe one 
great reason why so few from tliis Continent oiler themselves for 
Holy orders, is because it is evident from experience that not 
more than 4 out of 5 who have gone from the Northern Colonies 
have returned ; this is an unanswerable argument for the absolute 
necessity of Eishops in the Colonies. The poor Cliurch of England 
in America is the only instance that ever happened of an 
Episcopal Church without a Bishop & in which no Orders could be 
obtained without crossing an Ocean of 3000 miles in extent, 
without Eishops the Church cannot flourish in America & unless 
the Church be well supported & prevail, this whole Continent 
will be overrun with Infidelity & deism, Methodism & New Light 
with every species & every degree of Scepticism & Enthusiasm, 
and without a Eishop upon the spot I fertr it will be impossible 
to keep the Church herself pure & undefiied. And that it is of 
the last consequence to the State to support the Church here, the 
present times afford an alarming proof. ******** 


Jamaica Feby I5th 1770. 
Rev<J Sir 

I preach at the tliree Chiirclies of Jamaica Newtown and 
Flushing alternately & generally to crowded assenu]»lic-«! who 
behave during divine Service with the utmost decency & deco- 
ruiu, the Churches are neat, well finished buildings, But tho^ 
of Newtown & Flusliing rather small for the Congregations, the 
former of wliich the people projxjse to enlarge in the spring of 
the year, but altho' I reap the satisfaction of enjoying the love 
& esteem of my hearers, yet I am sorry to acquaint the Society 
that my happiness is mucli obstructed on ace* of a troublesome 
Lawsuit I am imder the obligation of commencing against the 
parish for a Salary of JE60 a year allowed by an Act of the 
Province to the Minister who is legaHy inducted by the Govern 
the law for raising this sum obliges the people of the parish in- 
sisting of all denominations annuaEy to eleet 10 Vestrymen & d 


Cliurcli Wardens who are to call within one yea,r after a Vacancy, 
a sufficient protestant Minister of tlie Gospel whom they are to 
present to the Governor or Commander in Chief of the Province 
for Induction & as Dissenters compose a great majority of tlie 
Parish, they are careful to admit none into those Offices, but 
such as are opposed to calling & presenting a Minister of the 
Cliurch of England and in order to evade paying the Salary 
(which being raised by tax they complain of as a burthen) L at 
the same time comply with the law, they some years ago called 
& presented to the Govern a Minister of the Presbyterian persua- 
sion but he was refused induction : & as the act only specifics 
that he who is called, shall be a sufficient Protestant Minister 
of the Gospel, without confining them to any particular denomi- 
nation, they imagine that the Law has been complied with on 
their parts & absolutely refuse paying me any money raised by 
Virtue of that Act, notwithstajiding my being inducted, by 
Authority from liis Excejlency the Governor, as I am destitute 
of a caU from them, who being dissenters & chiefly Presbyteri- 
ans are averse to the supporting of the Church of England. 
This dispute has been once detf3rmined by a due course of Law 
in favor of Rev^ M'^ Poyer, one of my predecessors, since wliicli 
time they have constantly raised & paid it without trouble, but 
B9W appear resolved to stand another trial. 



New YckkCub. Cakc. 
Rever'd Josht7A Blcomeh ) 
afft V 

H1NCKSMA.N and EcsAt, ) 

After briefly stating the Bill & Answer we shall observe that 
the Merits of this Cause have in a great Measure been exhausted 
uf>on the Solemn Arguments which arose upon the Demurrer — 
That for this Reason & to prevent useless Altercation .with 


respect to Subjects on which the Court has received full 
Information it was thought proper to take his Excellency's 
Directions in the further Prevention of this Controversy. That 
his Excellency the last Term was pleased to communic|,te the 
Points upon which he Avas in Doubt and to desire that the farther 
arguments might be confined to these only — (to wit). — 

jst Whether as the Act directs that the money to be raised 
for the Support of the Ministry shall be drawn out of the hands of 
the Church Wardens, by Order from the Justices and Vestrymen, 
& not otherwise — the Court has Power to compel them to pay 
the Salary by Decree % — and — 

2diy Whether these are proper and sufficient Parties before the 
Court to justify a Decree ? 

These two Enquiries therefore shall be the Subject of the 
present Argument. 

The Answer, where it might favor the Complain*, is expressed 
with extreme Caution. And even his Ordination, as an Episcopal 
Minister ; his Induction to the Living ; and the faithful Discharge 
of the Duties of his Function are not admitted. Eut these Facts 
are clearly estabhshed by the Evidence noted in the Margin. ^ 

We proceed to the first Point directed to be argued — Whether 
the Court can relieve, the Words of the Act being that the Money 
shall be paid by Order of the Justices and Vestry & not otherwise ? 
xind in speaking to this Point we shall lay down and maintain 
the following Propositions. 

Isi That the Acts in Question being expressly made to suppress 
Vice & Profaneness and for the advancement of Religion ; are to 
be taken by Equity and liberally expounded to obtain as far as 
possible the Ends which they propose. ^ 

II That whenever a Case is distinguished from others of the 
like Nature by unusual Circumstances which create a personal 
& particular Inconvenience, Equity will relieve. ^ 

1 Exhibits D. E. F. proved by Dr. Auchmuty Mr Inglis In answfir to 
Complt tith Interrog. The 60'. 6l8t 62d 63d & 64th. Instructions to Sir Henry 
Moore; Sir Henry Moores original CoUation Institution St Letters of Induction 
under the prerogative Seal. 

Dr Auchmuty & Mr Inglis In Answer to Coraplt 8th Interrog All the Coraplt 
Witnesses in answer to his 11th Interrog. 

2 Preamble to the first Act. Str. 253. Piercy's Case No 6. 157. 

3 10 Mod. 1. 


III That Equity will relieve against a Party who strictly 
speaking has done nothing illegal, when a particular Burthen 
or Hardship lies upon the Complainant ^ — ^And here we shall 
shew that this Case is attended with such Hardship and 

By the Act the Cliurcli- Wardens ought to have paid the 
Complainant Ms Salary Quarterly. 

It is admitted by the Answer that they have not paid him a* 
Far tiling for years. He demanded a Warrant and Order from 
the Justices and Vestry assembled, for the Payment of his Salary 
which they absolutely refused. 

Thro' this Act of Injustice altho' the Church Wardens admit 
by their Answer that they are possessed of this Money yet has he 
no Means to compel the Payment but by a Course of Equity. 

Must it not then be evidently unconscionable that the Intention 
of the Legislature sliould be disapointed ; the Complainant 
defrauded ; & the Defendants suffered to pocket the Money and 
convert it to their own Benefit 1 It is indeed objected that by 
the Act a Warrant for their Justification is necessary, & that none 
has been presented — To which it is answ^ered — That the Decree 
will prove as effectual an Indemnification as the Warrant itself; 
and that if nothing more than their safety was in question there 
coiiid be no reason for objections. 

In our former Argument it was shown that at Law the 
Complainant has no ReUef— That the Process by Mandamus 
cannot be adequate ; And it was not even asserted tliat he could 
maintain an Action at Law. Beside it is one of the great 
Prerogatives of Equity, and which is daily exercised, to give a 
specific Eemedy for the very thing in Question even where th^ 
Party has an unquestionable Action at Law for Damages lor the 

If then a Mandamus would have been proper for tlie Com- 
plainant, or even an Action against the Justices and Vestry for 
Damages for withholding the Warrant, still it is conceived that 
his way must have been open for a specific Relief in this Coui-t, 
especially as a Discoverv & account were essential to fix the Sum * 

1 Ca. Ld Talbofs time 40. Vin. Ch. 288. 1 Harrison 46. 


in the Chui'ch -wardens Hand ; for wliicli alone they could be 

Equity suffers not a Right to be without a Remedy. ' 

IV The fourth Proposition we shall establish will it is 
conceived remove every Difficulty (to wit) 

That Whenever a Case is attended with a Combination to 
injure the Party, or with Fraud or Collusion Equity will relieve 
against the express words of a Statute ; and that even where the 
Complainant has a clear Remedy at Law. 

The Authorities upon these Points are taken to be conclusive.* 

Tint there was a fraudulent Combination between the Church 
Wardens and the Justices and Vestrymen to elude the Act and 
prevent the issuing the Warrant, to deprive the Complainant of 
his Salary & to raise a Purse by Subscription to defend any suit 
lie might prosecute. — And that the Defendant Edsal was very 
active if not the Author of this Project is clear from the 
Testimony of the Witnesses. 

The Biii cliarges that there was such a Combination actually 
formed to circumvent and defraud the Complainant and in the 
Interrogatories the Defendants are required to answer — 

Whether they have not endeavored to prevent the Complain- 
ants being paid 1 — Whetlier they have not declared he sliould 
not be paid 1 

And what Schemes have been contrived and put in Execution 
to prevent his being paid 1 

In answer to these Questions — the Defendants deny all 
Contrivance Combination or Confederacy charged in the Com- 
plainants Bill ; Declare that they never use any Means Argu- 
ments or other Devices to prevent or that by any such Ways 
and Means Warrants or Orders have been prevented, by and 
from the Justices & Vestry men in Behalf of the Complainant. 

And they positively deny that such Refusal has been made at 
their joint or seperate request or by their joint or several Means 
Influence Contrivance Procurement &c. 

1. Noy's Maxims No. 6. 

2. 1 Eq. Ab. 482 n 21; 2 prWms. 154.156. VinCh. Letter Sn 1. 2; 2Eq. Ab. 4S2 
n 17 n 19 1 pr Wms. 620 Vin. Fraud, 55 n 9 


How little these answers consist with Candor or Truth will l^^ 
seen from the Depositions noted in the margin, * 

The Circumvention and Fraud thus fully established we insist 
that the authorities clearly apply, and that the Power of the 
Court to relieve must whatever may be the Construction of the 
act — be manifest and unquestionable. 

As to the lid. Head of Enquiry — Whether there are sufficient 
Parties before the Court to justify a Decree ? We observe 1^^ 
That it seems to be involved in the first Head ; for if from the 
peculiar Nature & Circumstances of this Cause the Complainant 
is entitled to Relief independent of the mode prescribed by the 
act there can be no necessity of making the Justices or Vestrymen 
Parties, who not being possessed of the money, could be called 
upon only as it was their office to make out the Warrants for the 

On this principle it was we presume that the Defendant's 
Council observed, when his Excellency's Directions were com- 
municated that this last Point would be determined by the First. 

However if he should think fit from a Change of Sentiment 
to make it a Subject of further Discussion we shaU insist — 

1st That the making the Justices & vestrymen Parties could 
not have put the Defendant in a better condition ; for they have 
no Interest in the money & can neither be benefited or prejudiced 
by a Decree wliich will be equally secure for the Defendants as 
if they had been called in as Parties. 

, 2^1 y. It is totally uncertain by the act which two of the 
numerous Justices in the County are compellable to issue the 

If this is uncertain the Complainant cannot be requested to 
make any of them Parties . And so with respect to the Vestrymen 
there could have been no use in making them Parties because 
they could do no act independant of the Justices and had they 
been called in, the Eili must have been equally exceptionable. 

3Jiy The Vestry are not a body corporate by this act but 

1 George Rapelje to 12tb Interrog; Nathaniel Ivloore to Same; Richard Belts 
to IJanJ 13th-, John Bartis to 12 Interrog-; Elickim Raymond to Same; David 
Roe to Same; John Aspinwall; Joseph Bull. 

2 Compare Sect. 3 and 4. 


subject every year to a Dissolution and a new Body is elected 
who are totally independent of the first and not answerable for 
theii- neglect or Misconduct. Consequently the Complainant 
might be always pursuing a Remedy which he could never find. 

4"''>' It is a Rule in Equity that none be made parties but who 
can be bound by a Decree^ — Now the only Purpose for which 
the Justices or Vestry could be made Parties must be to compel 
them to issue a Warrant to the Chui'ch Wardens to pay the 
Salary to the Complainant. — And this could only have given the 
Complainant a Cause of action against the Defendts Eut Chancery 
never decrees a Suit [but ^ where it may give a Remedy. ^ 

It shall not be an Handmaid to the other Courts to beget a 
a Suit to be ended elsewhere. 

III. — It may be necessary to apprize the Defendants Counsel 
that we shall insist that the Complainant is not only entituled to 
a Decree for all the monies in the Hands of the Defendants which 
v/ere raised for the Benefit of the minister under those acts : 
But for his full Costs also to be ascertained by his oath. 

We presume that Fraud Combination and breach of Trust are 
clearly made out against the Defendants with this aggravating 

[The remainder of this Doc: consisting of a few lines is destroyed.^ 

1 Gilb. Eq. 54. 55. 1 Harris, 40; 3 pr Wms 311. note at the foot. 

2 Noys Maxims 35. Vin. Chanc. 40} n. 15 Eq. Ab. 130. n. 5. 


I have had the case between M^ Bloomer Min^and the Church 
Wardens of the Parish of Jamaica under consideration and 
reviewed it with all the deliberation wliich its importance 

To me it appears clear from the authorities produced and 
arguments advanced in the hearing of this cause that the National 
Cliurch of England is estabhshed witliin this Colony that the 
provision by the Ministry Acts in question was intended and can 


only be applied for the support of the Clergy of that Church & 
in that case of a lapse the Governor by virtue of his delegated 
authority from the Crown as well as by the terms of tlie Acts 
themselves has a right to collate, upon these principles in general 
I am of opinion tliat M'^ Bloomer is duly collated and iudiicted 
to the cure of the Parish of Jamaica, that his Title is well estab- 
lished k that he is the lawful Incumbent. — I do therefore Decree 
that the Defendants shall on or before the 4*'' day of June next, 
at the Door of tlie Parish Church of Jamaica and between the 
liours of ten & twelve in the forenoon, pay M'' Bloomer his 
Salary from the time of his Induction on the 23 ^ day of May 
1769 to the commencement of his suit in this Court, out of any 
Moneys that may have accrued under the Ministry Act, & have 
been received by tlie Defendants as Church wardens prior to the 
filing of the Bill, but without any interest. 

It appears from the answer that the Defendants according to 
the advice of their Counsel were in doubt of the validity of M"^ 
Bloomer's Title & there having hitherto* been no Judicial deter- 
mination upon the point I do not think it reasonable to order 
them to pay the costs which therefore must be sustained by the 
respective parties. And as to the Salary which has accrued to 
Mr Bloomer since filing the Bill, it cannot properly be included 
in this Decree. But I however do recommend to the Parisli of 
Jamaica to pay all arrears of Salary to the Reverend M^ Bloomer 
that are due to him since the filing of the Bill as any delay or 
fui'ther dispute would justly subject them to the payment of 

Wm. Tryon. 

• I have since been informed that the Parishioners were cast in a suit of the 
same kiatl many years ago. M. C. 


Jamaica Feby 7th 1776 

Revd Sir 

***** The State of my mission is much the same as I 
informed you in my last only greatly troubled on account of 
Vol. III. 0.2 


their political Sentiments which are strictly loyal & peaceable. 
Last week a number of Troops by order of the Continental 
Congress disarmed this Township & Hempstead & carried off 
about twenty of the principal persons of M"" Cutting's & my 
congregation prisoners to Philadelphia they being accused of 
opposing the present measures. 

I am Eeyd Sir &c &<= 

Joshua Bloomer. 


Jamaica April 9 1777 

Revd Sir 

* * * * I feel myself happy in having it in my power at 
tliis time to write to you from a land restored from anarchy & 
confusion to the blessings of Order & good Government. The 
arrival of the kings troops & their success on this Island has 
rendered every loyal subject of which there are a great number 
here, happy, previous to that event the Rebel Army which were 
quartered at New York had assumed the whole power and their 
Government was in the highest degree arbitrary & tyrannical 
loyalty to our Sovereign was in their judgment the worst of 
crimes & was frequently punished with great severity. The 
principal members of my Congregation who conscientiously 
refused to join in their measures, excited their highest resentment 
their houses were plundered, their persons seized, some were 
committed to prison & others sent under a strong guard to the 
distant parts of Conn' where they were detained as prisoners for 
several months 'till after repeated solicitations to the Governor & 
Assembly of that Province tliey were permitted to return to 
their Families. The service of the Church also gave great 
offence the Prayers for the King & Royal Family being directly 
repugnant to their independent Scheme, they bitterly inveighed 
& frequently by threats endeavored to intimidate the 
Ministers & cause them to omit those parts of the Liturgy. 
"When Independence was declared by the Congress they grew 


more violent, and I received a letter from one of the Committee 
of New York informing me that my persisting in praying for the 
King gave great offence & conjuring me as I regarded my personal 
safety to omit it for the future. Upon consulting my Church 
wardens & vestry what measure it was most prudent for me to 
pursue at this critical juncture — they unanimously advised me, 
that as the Kings Army lay at Staten Island & was daily expected 
to march into my Parish from whom I should obtain relief, to 
shut up my Church — I agreed witli tliem in opinion as if I did 
not take that measure I was persuaded that I sliould be sent to 
some remote part of New England from whence perhaps it would 
be a long time before I could be relieved — My Church was 
accordingly shut up for five Sundays when the Kings troops 
landed whose success has restored us to those religious principles 
of which we were deprived by Tyranny & persecution — I hope 
my conduct in this as well as all other matters will gain the 
approbation of the Venerable Society as their displeasure would 
give me the greatest pain ; their approbation tlie highest 

The Church in this Province has suffered greatly by the death 
of its Ministers viz : D^' Auchmuty at New York M^' Avery at 
Rye & Mr Babcock at Pliillipsburgh 

I am Rev*i Sir &° 

Joshua Bloomer 


Jamaica Feby 12th 1779 

Rev^ Sir 

* * * * I have in a former letter acquainted the Society 
that the Congregations of this Mission had raised the sum of 
.£800 New York currency by Lottery which they intend to lay 
out for a Glebe for the use of tlie Missionary residing at tliis 
place as soon as a convenient one could be procured — Agreeable 
to this design we have purchased a Farm of Seventy Acres of 
Arable Land a Deed for which is given to the Vestry & Church 


Wardens of the Church at Jamaica agreeable to the Charter- 
The biiildhigs on tlie place are but indifferent & our present 
situation, there being no communication between us k those 
parts where proper materials may be had, render it impossible 
to improve them, but as soon as t;ie commotions in tliis Country 
shall cease we intend to make sucli improvements as shall render 
the place comfortable &. convenient & as the land is in general 
good it will always be a considerable support for the Missionary 
There has been little change in our situation since my last the 
blessings of peace appears to be distant as every overture of 
accommodation from the Parent State is rejected by tlie Leaders 
of Eebellion — Persecution still mges tlirougliout these Colonies & 
loyalty is punished as the most atrocious crime — The Churches 
in most parts to the Eastward of Philadelphia continue shut & 
indeed our aflairs both civil and religious for a long time past 
have wore but a gloomy aspect — 

But altlio' this is the melancholy situation of most part of 
this unhappy land, yet we of this Mission have reason to adore 
the divine Goodness as we have been protected by his Majesty's 
Troops & enjoy our religious Worship & I cannot but I hope the 
same kind Providence Avill in due time extend those blessings to 
otners which we at present enjoy — 

I remain k^ &" 

Jqshua Bloomer 



3:0 Suffolk Olottntj). 



Gent. — I have been petitioned by this Bearer, M^' Booth, who 
according to his Insinuacon there alledged conceives liimselfe 
very much aggrieved in that hard & cruell Distress you have 
made on his cattle, wherein not only himselfe Prov'd a great 
Sufferer, but Ms poore innocent little children depriv'd of their 
Dayly sustenance of Milke; when that extraordinary Indulgence 
was afforded you by my Predecesso"" of y^ Exercise of yo'^ Reli- 
gion after y^ own manner j It was not thereby Intended that 
such Severity should be extended to those of a different 
perswasion to yo^ disciphne; noe more then you would accompt 
it hard for any of you that liv'd under another Church, in Con- 
formity to his Mat'^s Estabhsht Lawes should be soe rigorously 
dealt withall for yo^ dissenting Opinion. Tis confest ye Labourer 
is worthy of his Hire, but then withall it must appeare hee 
proves soe to mee, and not to others only if hee expects any 
wages from mee. The Achninistracon of y^ Sacrament of 
Baptism to Infants, & y^ Lords Supper to y^ Children of Grace I 
ace* to be y^ essentiall parts of the Ministerial! flfunction as well 
as j^ dispensing of y^ Word of Life; and hee that with holds 
either away from mee cannot be properly a Labourer in y^ Lords 
Vineyard, but a Capricious Distributer and applyer of y*^ meanes 
putt into his Hands by ye Lord of y*^ Vineyard as his Humor 
shall direct him, refreshing some Roots w^h water and other 
nomlshm* & with holding it altogether from others; How con- 
sonant this is to ye discipline of true Cliristianity Comon Charity 
& y^ Practice of y^ Apostles (who would that all Men might be 
saved) I believe you better know, then (I fear) practice; And 
therefore I would desire you not to insist on such rigorous 
Courses against those who desire to live Vnder ye knowne & 
Establisht Lawes of his Ma^'es Dominions least I be forct to 


rep^sent to his R. Highness y^ great Inconveniencyes that may 
arise by it, and you be Interrupted in y^ Exercise of that Chift-ch 
ff unction you now soe peaceably enjoy; I have noe more but 
recommending y® p^mises to youi- Clmstian Consideration I 

Yor Loving Friend 

Forte James Fran^ Louelace. 

N. Yorke July 

ye lO'h 1671. 

%• The Rev. John Youngs was minister of Southold from 1640 to 1672. 


To the Right Hon'^^ie Edmond Andross Esq"" Governo"" &c. 

The humble petition of tlie Inhabitants of Huntington vpon 
Long Island 

Yo"" petition's humbly desire yo^" bono"" That yo? hono'" will be 
pleased that some Care may be taken That tlie Quakers may not 
be suffered to Come into our Meeting house in tyme of Gods 
Worship to disturbe vs. as they frequently doe Alsoe tliat yo^" 
Hoiio'Mv ill please to ord'" That the Country rate and Ministers 
rate may be made both in one and alsoe that 3^0' Hono will please 
to order tliat tlie Indians may not plante in our meadowes 
w^^'i wee haue bought of them and paid for w'^'^ is vcrry much 
to our Damage And yo"" Pefs shall Ever pray &c 

Samuel Titis, Constable 

Endorsed. The Law to bee alttered The Indians to bee 
sent for. by the Constable — 1677. 




New Yorke Apr. 27. 1682 

Yesterday I Received a Peticon from Several Inhabitants of 
yo"" Towne wherein tliey Complaine of yo'' Minister for Refuseing 
to Baptize their Children, and that their Estates are Yyolently 
taken from them for his Maintainance for the first you Cannot be 
Ignorant how Possitiuely the Law Injoynes it, not to be Refuse*! 
to any C]iildren of Christian Parents When they shall be Tendred 
under Penalty of Losse of Preferment the Latter to be Done with 
all Moderacon k Equality. I am vn willing to Beleeve that soe 
Greate an Error as Refusall of Baptisme is Committed by Yo*^ 
Minister or Vyolent Actings Suffered by you. Therefore Doe not 
Further Proceed thereupon vntill Can be Informed of tlie Certainty 
& Reason thereof from yo'' selfe wliich Desire You to Doe by the 
First Oppertunity Being Desireous t!iat the Laws be fully Observd 
and as farr as Possible to Sattisfie the Mindes of all iiis Mat's 
Subjects Especially in a Matter of this Importe Shall not Further 
add But the Tenders of my Respects & Remaine 

S' Yo'" affectionate ffriend 


New York, June 1. 1682 


I haue this Day Discoursed M"" Jones' about Complaints made 
of his Refuseing to Baptize Children and Levying the Rates for 
him to the First I finde him Willing in Conformity to the Law 
to Baptize the Children of all Xtian Parents, butt am Sorry to 
heare that t'le Loose Lives of Some of tlie Inliabitants Scarce 

1 Rev'tl Eliphalet Jones was born at Concord Mass. Jan"y 11, 16-11 — accepted 
a call in lfa'76to Huntington, where he laboured until June 5. 1731 wiioii he died 
ajjeil 90 years. He left no children. He wis a man of ijreat purity anil simplicity 
of Life and Manners and a faithful & successful Preacher of the Gospel.. 
Thoni|>son Long Island, i. 481. 


Deserue that name wliich may liaue Caused some Stand and 
Denyall and I hope yo^ Care in yo"^ Station will Prvent and see 
the Lords Day well & Solemnly Obserued by all and not Spent 
Soe Vainly as I am Informed it is by some That it may not 
Longer be A Doubt or Dispute Who are' Christian Parents M^ 
Jones hath Promissed me to use his Endeauour to be as Moderate 
tlierein as possible To the Last M'^ Jones hath Sattisfied me it 
was for AiTeares Long Since Ordered to be Paid, therefore Doe 
not Disallow the Act it being butt Reason what promissed liim 
should be Sattisfied. but the Moderatest way to Obteine it is 
Certainly the best I wish you all to be & Continue in one faith 
and one minde and that you may bee Soe Bound & Vnited 
togather in the Bond of Peace that all Jealosies and Dissentions 
may be Remoued which wiU be to yo"^ Owne Comforts & 
Rejoyceing off 

Tor affectionate ffriend 




To his Exellency Collonell Thomas Dongan Gouernour of 

his Maties province of New York 

The Humble petition of y^ Inhabitants of Madnans Neck 

Humbley Sheweth vnto your Exellencie that y*^ gratest part 

of vs haue Lined vpon Madnans necke About twentie yeares and 

haue Lined without any ministere Amongst vs and at y« first 

settling of this necke it was Consented to by the Inhabitants of 

hempsted that madnans neck people should not pay to any 

Minister at Hempteed provided they would or coidd. maintaine 

one Among tliemselues and whereas In y^ month of June 1682 

we entertained one M^ Morgan Jones amongst vs to be our 

minister and were very well satisfied with him. But soe it is 

May it please your Exellencie that M^" Hobart that is Now 

Minister of Hempsteed Did forbid the said Jones of Liueing 


Amongst vs, in maner as Aflforesaide wherevpon he was forced to 
goe away from vs to our grate Damage and our Children and 
whereas your Exellencie was pleassed to order y*' saide M^' Hobart 
to come And preach Amongst vs once A month y^ which he 
hath not performed on y^ Sabboth Day the most convenient 
times for y<^ worship of God but he hath bin here three times on 
the week days which is very inconvenient for your petitioners : 
for in y« weeke days we must Labour to Maintaine our Selves 
and our famielies notwithstanding the said M^ Hobart Demands 
Salary for foure yeares of vs without Any Benifiit that we haue 
recieued by his Ministry and his Collectors Doth threaten to 
Disstrain vpon vs for his pay and will we Humblely conceiue vnles 
it bee prevented by your Exelleucies Gracious Releife, Now may 
it please your Exellencie we Doe not only want A minister to 
instruckt our selues but Alsoe one that will instruckt our 
Children for other wise we cannot expect, but that Atheism or 
Irreligion will grow vp Amongst vs for we haue neare three score 
Children vpon madnans neck Afforesaide, and we haue Motioned 
it to ye saide Morgan Jones to come Againe to hue Amongst vs 
and finde him willing to Liue Amongst vs Againe If your 
Exellencie think it meet your petitioners therefore humbly crave 
yor Exellencie to take y^ premisses into yc serious consideration 
and to release vs from paying to y*' minister at Hempsteed from 
whome we can reciue noe beneffit, because we liue soe far remote 
from Hempsteed and to grant ye saide M^' Morgan Jones 
Induction into Madnans necke Aflforesaide if yo^ Exellencie 
shall think it meet and convenient and your petitioners as in ' 
Duty Bound shall Ever pray &c : 

Edward Here Constable in the behahe of the inhabitants 
of madnans necke within named 

Pet° Inhabitants Madnans Neck. 




To His Excellency Coi' Thomas Dongan : Liev* Governof 

And Vice Admiral} vnder his Royall Majesty King James 

the Second &c of liis Province of New Yorke and 

Dependancyes In America &c And to the Honnourable 

Counsell — 

The Humble Peticon of the Inhabitants of Mad Nans 

Neck Most Immbly sheweth to yo"" Excellency and 

Honnbie Counsell : 

Til at yo'' peticon'' in Jan'y 1683 obteyned an order from yc 

Excellency & Councell That the Inhabitants of Hemptead, should 

Bee obliged to haue yo*' peticon''^ at their ToAvn Meetings, and 

that the IMinister of Hempstead should Come sometimes amongst 

vs to Preacli and Instruct vs and our Children in y"^ Dutyes of 

C!irlslianity &c. and that tlie Town of Hempstead shall allow yo^ 

peticon'' Liberty of Comonage for our horses and Cattle 

Proportionable to the Lands we haue Purchased &c. 

Now imiy it Please yo Excellency and Honno^'® Counsell 
since w^h Orel'- the Towne of Hempsteed haue Built Meeteing 
Houses and Towne Houses and haue Rated yo*" peticon ""s to beare 
a Part of s'' Charge. 

Now the Distance from our Neck to Hempstead Being so farr 
yo"" peticon''^ Could not Convey our selues and familyes to saide 
Towne. to luiue the Beneffitt and Instruction of said Minister, 

Wliereupon yo'' peticon''^ Did Build a house for to Entertain 
said Minister to Preach, which in Three yeares time Came but 
Once amongst vs and then we had no notice of it : But sent vs 
word Anotlier time that hee would Come. But did not. atw^hich 
time ahout Thirty attended that Day in Expectation of his 

Which may it Please yo"" Excellency and honnourable Counsell, 
had he Come once a montli or oftner amongst vs : wee yo'" 
Peticon''* and Each of vs should haue freely contributed to him. 
W'l" wee Could to ou"" Abillityes : Or if in Case for tlie futer 
said minister Avill come to vs once a month, or Attend the Order 
wee shall Bee willinsc to Contribute to him. 


The premisses Being Considered yo' Peticonrs liumbly Craues 
y* yO' Excellency and Honnoble Counsell would Bee Pleased to 
ord'" the Inhabitants of said Towne of Hempstead to beare a pte 
of y^ Charge of yc Meeteing house wee liaue built on ou Necke 
(as well as wee to Beare pte of theirs Erected & Built in tlieir 
towne) and y* in Reguard s^^ minister hath not performed his 
Duty according to yc Ord in Counsell That yo' peticon'^ shall 
not Bee obliged to allow him any thing for tlie time past. 
And yor Peticonrs as in Duty Bound sliall Ever Pray &c 
May it please yo'' Exellency and honourable Counsell yt tlie 
Meeting houses and Towne Houses at Hempstead was Erected & 
built Before y« ord"' in Counsell was Issued out (w«=h in y® aboue 
peticon was mist written) and yo^ peticon's humble Request is y ' 
they Inhabitants of hempstede may be ordered to allow vs their 
pportion of Charge for y® house built to Entertaine y« minister 
at madnans Neck w^^ y^ Prayer aboue Desired Consernhig y« 
ministers pay. and my selfe in behalfe of y® Towne shall Ever 
pray who has hearunto subscribed as well for y^ Genenall, as 
himselfe in pticular 

The marke of 

Christopher Yeaimans. 


against being fined for bringing home his ox on a SUNDAY, &c. 

To the Right hon^bie Coll: Thomas Dongan Lieu* and 
Governor under his Royall Highnesse of New Yorke kc 
The humble petition of Nathaniell Baker Sen^ of East- 

That in June 1682, Your Peticoner being fin'd by the Court 
of Sessions then held at Southold, the sum of forty shillings & 
Costs of Court, which in all amounted to nine pounds tln-ee 
shillings & three pence, which your petioner paid, was also forct 


to enter into bond for his good behaviour (in the penall sume 
of twenty pounds sterling) till the month of March following, 
only for bringing home an ox of his on the Sunday, which the 
day before hee went for butt could nott find, so was obliged to 
tarry out till the next day & having then found him brought him 
to his house ; which said Eond of your peticoners, without any 
processe against him or warning to answer for himself, tlie Court 
aforesaid have adjudged to be forfieted, pretending some difference 
to liaue been between yo"^ petitioner & his wife, & yt yo^ peticoner 
should ]iau8 struck or kick't her by reason whereof without any 
legall proceeding they have condemned your peticon'' to pay the 
said sume twenty pounds sterling, & have issued out Execucon 
against his Estate for the same ; By which yo' peticoner finding 
himself agrieved and as hee thinkes very much wronged, — 
Therefore humbly prayes. 

That Your Honor taking into Consideracon the illegallity of 
the proceedings against him, the smallnesse (if any) of the first 
fault, (upon which the bond aforesaide was given,) & the true 
merritt of his Case, will be pleased to reverse the said sentence, 
adjudged against him, or give him such other rehefe as your 
Hon"^ in your Judicious & grave Judgment, shall find agreeable 
with Right equity & Justice. 

And as in Duty bound hee shall ever pray &c 

Endorsed Decrb. 23^ 1683 

This petition was delivered to the Goveno"^ on the bridge, Cap* 
Brockholls, M'' Lucas Santen present, and then ordered to write 
to them of yc Court of Sessions at Southold to appear before the 
Governor & Councell on the second mon day of March next to 
show cause for their proceedings 

May ye 5'h 1684 
The petition of Nathanael Baker Sen"" read. Capt Young, & 
Mr Arnold present in behalf of y^ Court of Sessions was referred 
to law. 



Att a Council held att Ffort James in New York July 
the 29th, 1C86 

The Governo"" &c. 
Robert Cady, John Parsons, Jacob Dayton, John ffields, SamueU 
Sherry, Oliver Norris William Hamilton, Daniell Kieff, Simon 
Hillyer, John Richardson makeing their complaints that the 
town of Easthampton will lay them out no land, as they were 
ordered in Council to doe ; & it appearing that the said Inhabit- 
ants liave for more y" the space of fouer yeares payed all dutyes 
in the aforesaid towne, and are become Associates in the same, 
Ordered that Cap' Josiah Hobart high Sherriffe of the County of 
Suffolk see that a Sui'veyor lay out for each person of the afore- 
menconed Inhabitants thirty acres of Arable land wfthin tlie 
bounds of Easthampton, that is not yet fenced or entered and 
appropriated by any person, they paying the charges w^h the s'^ 
Sherritfe & Surveyor shall be at in the performance of the same ; 
& giveing security not to dispose or sell any of the said land vntill 
it shall be improued by them. 

By order in Council &c. 
the above written is Entred J. Spragg 

Into Suffolk Records folio 224 

pr Jno How^ell Cla, [Endorsed. Governors order 

for Laying out land 


To his Excellency Thomas dongan Captaine Generall and 
Governor in Cheife of New-Yorke and Territoryes thereto 

Belonging and the Counqill. 
New Yorke ss. James Graham Esq"" Attorney Generall of our 
sovereigne Lord the King James the Second by the grace of God 
of England Scotland ffrance and Ireland King defender of the 


faith &c. Gives your Excellencye and honors to understand and 
be informed that whereas by an order of Councill bearing dale 
the 29th day of July 1G86 directed to Joshua Hubbard High 
Sherrillte of the county of Suffolke within this province it was 
ordered and dechired in these words ffullowing viz. Att a Coun- 
cill held at ffort James in New Yorke July the 29th 1686, Present. 
The Governour &*=, Robert Cady: John Parsons, Jacob Dayton, 
John ffield, Samuell Sherry, Olipher Norris, William Hamilton, 
Daniell Kieff, Simon Hillyer John Richardson, makeing their 
Complaints that tlie tovvne of Easthampton will lay them out no 
Land as they were ordered in Councill to doe and it appearing 
that the said Inhabitants have for more than the space of four 
yeares payed all dutyes in the aforesayd Towne and are become 
associates in the same : Ordered that Captaine Josiah Hobart 
High Sherriffe of the county of Sutfolke see tliat a Surveyor lay 
out for each person of the aforementioned Inhabitants thirty 
acres of arable Land within the bounds of Easthampton that is 
not yet ffenced or Enclosed and appropriated by any person they 
paying the charges which the sayd Sherritfe and Surveyor shall 
hee at in the performance of the same and giveing securitye not 
to dispose or s:dl any of the sayd Land untill it sliall be 
improved by them. By Order In Councill J: Spragge Seer, 
Which sayd Order the sayd Josiah Hubbard as in duty bound did 
follow and obey according to the tennor and effect thereof Yett 
notvvitiistanding Sam' Mulford, Robert daiton, Samuell Parsons 
Benjamin Conkling, Thomas Osburne, Jolm Osburne, and 
all at Easthampton within tlie county ot Suffolk aforesayd did 
confederate together to bring his Ma'i^s authority into contempt 
and scorn and particularly in contempt of the sayd Ord'' of 
Council and against the peace of our sayd Lord the King with 
fforce and arras did upon the sixth day of October In the yeare 
of our Lord 1686. att Easthampton in tlie county of Suffolk 
aforesayd in the daytime Riotously Tumultously Contemptously 
and unlawfully assemble tliemselves together with diverse others 
unknown By beating of the drum without any warrant or 
authority whatever from his sayd Majestye and tliere did publish 
and affix upon the wall of tlieir meeting house a certaine 
Scandalous and Libellous paper which follows in these words 


viz* A Protest Whereas Robert Kedy Jolm Parsons Jacob 
daitoii Samueli Slierry Simon Hilliard Jolm Eicliardson Oliver 
Morris and Jolm ffield have procured certain Lands within the 
bounds of Easthampton on Long Island in tlie province of New 
Yorke Belonging to the proprietors of the said land viz<^ Thomas 
Baker Thomas Chalfield Jeremiah Conkling Stephen Rodgers and 
others with them to' whojn the sayd Land hath been granted and 
Eatifyed as by their pattent deeds of Conveyance and LaAv both 
of England and the province aforesayd may ffully appeare to bee 
measured marked and to be Entered in the book of Records to 
them the sayd Kedy, Parsons, daiton, Sherry, Hilliard, Richeson, 
Morris, and field as by the sayd Entry appeareth And whereas 
wee Samuel Mulford Robert daiton Sam^ Parsons Benjamin 
Conkling Thomas Osburne and John Osburne are appoyuted by 
the proprietors of the Land in the bounds of the sayd township 
of Easthampton to defend and preserve the Right of the sayd 
proprietors In upon and Unto the sayd Lands as by their order 
to us In that behalfe given appeareth : Wee the said Sam^ 
Mulford Rob* daiton Sami Parsons Benjamin Conkling Thomas 
Osburne and John Osburne in pursuance of our sayd Trust doe 
make and declare this public protest against the sayd Robert 
Kedy John Parsons Jacob daiton Sami Sherry Simon Hilliard 
John Richeson Oliver Morris and John ffield That is to say wee 
doe declare to them and all men that soe much of the Land lying 
in the sayd Bounds of Easthampton as w^as not formerly before 
their procuring it to be measured for tliem layd out to other 
persons But it remained undivided betweene the proprietors 
aforesayd as hath been by them the sayd Kedy k^ or any of 
them been procured to be measured marked and Bounded to 
them or any of them the sayd Kedy &c is the Lands of the 
sayd proprietors whose Comittee we the protestors are and doe 
protest hereby against the sayd persons that have measured 
marked or recorded the Same to tliemselves or procured the 
same to bee done and against the sayd act of them and Every 
of them as a Tresspasse against the propriety of the proprietors 
thereof and done against tiieir Lawnill Interest therein and that 
their sayd Entry nut being by Law is Refellable in and by the 
Law — And doe hereby forbid and w^arne the sayd Kedy &o 
Vol. III. 23 


and Each of them or any others from or under them or any of 
them from any occupacon of any of the sayd Lands not granted 
and divided to them by the sayd proprietors declaring unto 
them and all men hereby that if they or any of them shal] 
presume to occupy any of the sayd Lands that wee shall Use 
the Law against any such occupyer for the defence of the 
proprietors Kiglit therein to the uttermost. And this protest 
wee have made to the intent those Concerned may not pretend 
ignorance of the proprietors Hight and Claime in and to the 
sayd Lands and may bee lyable to such damages as sliall accrue 
if they shall wilfully proceed to improve sayd Lands and that 
noe person may purchase or other wayes Receave tlie same from 
them as good Estate in Law and for the Conservation of the 
proprietors Right and Claime in and unto the sayd Lands This 
done and published the Sixth of October 1686 By Samuell 
Mullford by order of the Comittee. Which sayd Scandalous 
and libellous paper was so affixed by Sam' Mullford Robert 
daiton Sam' Parsons Benjamin Conckling Thomas Osbiu*ne and 
John Osborne On purpose to Bring his Ma''«^ Authority Into 
Contempt and Scorne and to the Evil! Example of his Ma^'t-« 
Liege people. — Wherefore his Mamies s*" Attorney Gen}' prayeth 
the Consideration of this hon^^i^ board in the premises And tiiat 
the sayd Sam' Mulford Rob^ daiton Samuell Parsons Benjamin 
Conckling Tliomas Osborne and John Osborne may answer the 
premisses and have due punishment In Law for such their 
Contempte aforesayd. 

[Here follow Gov. Dongan's Wan-ants for the arrest of all the above parties, 
»nd of Stephen Hedges, Willm. Perkins, Jeremy Concklin, Daniel and 
Nathaniel Bishop aiders and abettors in the above. Dated 19. Nov. 1686.] 


JosiAii HuBBART of Eastliamptou in tlie County of Suffolke Esq' 
being deposed upon his Corporall Oath Saith That upon the 
^eaventeenth day of October one thousand Six Hundred Eighty 


and Six in Easthampton M^ Thomas James minister of 
Eastliampton afores*^ preacht out of that Text in the Twenty 
fourtli Chapter of Job the Second verse the whole Subject of his 
Sermon was to Show the eviH and pronounce the curses against 
those who removed their neighbours Land markes and in hia 
appHcacon he brought it to the present matter of this Towne as 
to the Land laid out here lately and continued the pronouncing 
the Curse against them that acted in it and shewed that there 
order for it was noe excuse though it were an Edict from the 
King himself as Supreame nay though it were establisht by a Law 
yet they could not be excused from the Curse and then he went 
on and blessed God that tliis was not our Condicon for the 
Providence of God had soe ordered it that our Hono^ Governor 
had made such Restrictions in the order that mens Proprieties 
could not be meddled withall 


Jurat decimo Octavo die Jfovemb: Anno Drnni 
(1686) Sedente Cur. 

J. Palmer. 
Endorsed M' Hobarts Affid': 1686 


Art a Councill held the 1 8'^ day of No vemb 1686, pre^t his Exly 

the Governor Majr Brockholls M'' fflipsen M^ Cortland M"- 

SpraggMajr Baxter 

Two depositions being tliis day read against M"" Thomas James 

minister of Easthampton for preacheiug a certeyne Seditious 

Sermon on the Sevententh day of October last past Its ordered 

that a warrant bee made out to one of the messengers of this 

boai-d to repayre fortliwith to Easthampton & take into his 

custody the body of the sayd Jeames & him keepe So as to have 

him to answer the premisses before this board tliis day fortnight. 

Its' likewise ordered that M"^ Josias Hubbart bee Subpenaed to 

attend the same day. and that the clerk of Easthampton bee 


then likewise here with the bookes of that Towns pubhc 

A certeyne Lybell being this day read called y^ ptest of a 
comittee of Eastliampton wherein they contemptuously opose the 
orders of tlie Governo- and Councill for the layeing out land in 
that Town and it appeareing that in a most riotous mutinous L 
Sedithious manner they the Sayd pretended Comittee did publish 
their Sayd lybell by Eeate of Drum & afterwards did affix the 
Same on the publick meeting house of the Sayd town It's therefor 
ordered that Samuell Mullford Rob* Dayton Sam' Parsons Ben]"- 
Concklin Thomas Osborne & John Osborne bee by vertue of a 
warr' taken into y^ custody of a Messeng^' of this l^oard to 
ausw^ tlie premisses liere this day forthnight. 

Another Lybell of the same nature by Thomas Oslwre Stephen 
Hedges & Mary Perkins being likewise read Ordered That 
Stephen Hedges & the husband of Mary Perkins bee lykewise 
taken into custody to answ"^ the same the same day 
* Ordered lykewise that Jeremy Concklyn Dan' Bishop Nathaneel 
Bishop bee likewise taken into the Custody of the messenger to 
answer Ij'kewise this day forthnight. 

Ordered lykewise that I\I Hubbard bring up along with him 
one or more of p^sons to whom hee layd out y^ land by ord^ of 
this board who are in feare from the threats of tiie albremenconed 
persons & theyr accomplices. 

In the difference between M'' prudden minister of Jamaica an 
his parishioners It's ordered that they pay to the Sayd ]\I'' 
prudden what is due to him by agreement on reccord in the To\\n 
booke — and that when that's don if the Sayd paris]iion''3 have any 
thing to object against theyr said minister they shall bee heard 


To his Excellencye Thomas Dongan Captaine General! 
Governour in Cheife of New Yorke and territoryes 
Belongeing And the Councill. 
New York ss James Graham Escp' Attorney Generall of our 


Sovereigne Lord James the Second by the grace of God King of 
England Scotland ffrance and Ireland King defender of the laith 
&^ Gives your Excellencye and honors to understand and be 
informed That M^ Thomas James Late Minister of Easthampton 
iu the County of Suffolk within this province nowayes Regardeing 
the duety and fealty he owes unto our Sovereigne Lord the King 
did upon the Seaventeenth day of October ICSG att Easthampton 
in the County of Suffolk aforesayd publish and declare in a 
Sermon by him then and there preached upon the text in the 
twenty fourth chapter of Job the Second verse many Seditious 
words which were these following viz Cursed is he that removes 
his neighbours landmark and in aplication to the present matter 
of this Towne meaneing the Town of Easthampton aforesaid 
\as to the land lately layd out here the Curse is against them that 
acted in it and their order for it (meaneing and order of this 
honble board) is no excuse though it were a7i edict from the King 
himself e as Supreme nay Uio' it was establisht by a law yett they 
(meaneing those that gave obedience to the sayd ord) cannot bee 
exctised frmn the curse.'] Wliich words were preached by liim on 
purpose to Raise and Stirr up the minds of liis Majestyes Liege 
people Into Sedition and his Majestyes Laws and authority into 
Contempt to Bring against the peace of Our Sayd Lord the King 
and to the Scandall and Reproach of the Clergy Wherefore his 
Majestyes Sayd attorney General prayeth the Consideracon of 
his hon'^ie board m the premises and that the Sayd M' Thomas 
James may answer the Same. 

James Graham. 


Inform ag^t M"* Jeames 1686 


Thomas Dongan Captayne Generall and Governor of the 
province of New York and the territoryes thereto belongeing 
To Henry ffilkin one of the messengers of the counciil greeting 


These are in his majesty es name to comand yo to take into 
custody the body of Thomas Jeames late minister at East- 
hampton wheresoever hee shall bee found and him Safely keepe 
so as yo^ may have him to answer before mee and the CouncUl 
on the first Thursday in December next ensueing unto a certeyue 
Informacon then and there to bee exhibited against him for tliat 
hee the Sayd Thomas Jeames on the Seventeenth day of October 
last past in the Sayd Town of easthampton did preach a certeyu 
Seditious Sermon tendeing to the Stirring up of Strife and 
publick disturbance of the peace and quiett of his majestyes 
Liege people and goverment here hereby lykwyse comandeing 
and requireing all Sherriffs Constables and other officers as also 
pU other persons of what degree or quality soever to bee aideing 
and assisteing unto the sayd Henry ifilkin in the execution of 
the premisses as they will answer the contrary att theyr perrills 
and have with yo^ att the Same tyme this precept for yo^ doeing 
whereof this shall be your Sufficient warrant Given under my 
hand and Seale att ffort Jame^ this nineteenth day of november 
in the Second yeare of his Majestyes Heigne Annoq Dmne 1686 

Tho: Dongan 
Sheriffs returne 

By vertue of this writt I have in my custody 
the body of the within named Thomas Jeames 

Henry Ffilkin 

1686 warr* & apprehecdding 
of Jeames. 


To the Right Honorable Thomas I>ungon Governom- and 

Captaine Generall of all his Majesties Territories belonging 

to the Province of New Yorke, Tlie Humble Petition of 

mee To<.)mas James MiiiisU-r of Easthampton as followeth. 

Whereas yo^" Excellencies Supplicajit was Informed that you 

were offended with me, in Respect of sorr^o expressions of miuo 


in a Sermon preached Octob. 17. — 86. I tliouglit my selfe 
bound in duety, & from the High Respects I haue of your 
Excellencies Dignity & vpon good Advice, voluntarily to make 
my Appearance before yor Excellency in New Yorke & haue 
waited yor pleasure to this Day in order to yor Excellencies 
satisfaction, & haue submitted my selfe to yo"^ Excellencies 
Censure, and knowing yo^ Excellencies Clemency am emboldened 
humbly to Craue yC Pardon, of what through any Error in my 
Apprehension I haue giuen occasion of offence to yo^ Excellency 
my Intentions being Riglit in whateuer proceeded from me att 
that tyme; and that yo^ Excellency be graciously pleased to 
remitt the Penalty imposed, k what fees may be exacted vpon 
me before the tyme of my being sumoned to appeare before you 
& y^ Hon^bie Councill, considering the grea^ charge I haue beene 
att for about 3 wxeks time since my comeing Irom home this 
being the first tyme (for almost fourty years of my being a 
minister of the Gospel) that I haue beene called to acxjompt by 
any Authority I haue lined vnder, or giuen any cause for the 
same, nor needed at this tjrme had there beene y' fauorable 
construction of my words as they deserued. So hoping as God 
hath got you as a father over this Comonwealth, so you will 
exercise a fatherly compassion towards yo"^ humble Petitioner, 
who hath & shall continue yo^ Excellencies humble Orator att 
the Throne of Grace, & stand euer obliged to yo'" Excellency in 
all hearty affection, & duetifull * * * [Here a wwd or hw 
are illegible in the original copy.] 


To His Excellency Thomas Dokgan Captn Generall Goveniof 
kc. of tlie province of New York &c. and the Houble 
Councill &;c. 

The petition of Samull Eborne of Brookhaven Clerk. 


Tliat on the twentieth day of September 1C85 yo"^ petitioner 
was Enterteyned by the Inhabitants of Brookhaven aforesayd to 


bee their minister in consideration whereof they covenanted 
with him to pay & sattisfy him for the same tlie sume of sixty 
pounds p annum soe long as hee should continue to preach 
amongst them — and that in pursuance of the sayd Agreement 
hee did on his part Exercise tlie office of a minister amongst 
them for and dureing the space of one whole yeare from and 
after tlie sayd twentietli day of September And that the sayd 
Inhabitants of Brookhaven on theyre parts have not sattisfyed 
and payd unto y^ peticonr the sayd sume of sicty pounds nor 
any penny thereof according to the ten^ and effect of the sayd 
agreement. Therefor 

May it please yi" Excellency and this Honble board so far to 
take the premisses into y^ consideration as that the sayd In- 
habitants of Erookhaven may bee obliged to pay and sattisfy 
unto yr peticonr his sayd debt of Sixty pounds and observe and 
performe on their parts the sayd agreem* yo"" peticoner on his 
being thereto ready and wilhng and hee as in duty bound shall 
ever pray &c 

Samuel Eburne. 

December the 13'h 1686. 
This petition Read and ordered that if the within namea 
Inhabitants of Brookhaven do not forthwith pay unto the- 
petitioner the within mentioned sume of Sixty pounds that then 
and in such caice they bee and appeare in their behalfs before 
this board on the first Thursday in ffebry next Ensueing to show 
cause if any they have to the contrary. 

• da ;:JiiT'i:; - 

Easthampton, January the 12th 168b-7 

To the Shirrefe in obedience to his Warrant 

The Number of Male parsons men and children is twoe 

hundred twenty three 223 

The Number of famals women & children is twoe 

hundi'ed and nineteene , . , 21 J> 


The Nimiber of male Saruaiiis is twenty six . 02G 

Tlie Number of famale Saruants is nine 009 

The Number of male Slaues is aleuen Oil 

The Number of famale Slaues is fourteen 014 

And out of the account aboue : The Number of such as are 

cajjable to beare amies is ninty aight of wiiicli in the list of the 

foott Company is aighty indiiierently well armed exercised four 

times a yeare according to law. 
The Number of jNIarchants is twoe 

The Number of Marrages for seven years past is twenty aight 
The Number of births for seven years past is one hundred & 

sixteene of which are Christened one hundred and aight. 
The Number of burials for seven years past is fifty seuen 
Wee find uoe Arrears due to his Maiesty And for Land held 

by pattent wee Kefer you to our pattent Wee being Ignorant 

Avhat to doe one that account and cannot giue account any other 

ways for the present. 



May IT Please Yo'' Excellency, 

Wee her jMaj'^ most Dutifull & Loyall subjects, reffiecting on 
the many blessings wee Enjoy under her Most Illustryous & 
auspicious Reigne ; Take the freedom to improue this method 
of Expressinge the Integrity & fervour of our affection. Wee 
do w^^ unexpressible Joy k Satisfaction recollect, tlie innumera- 
])le demonstrations, her Majty hath graciously indulged us of 
lier sincerity and Zeal for the true reformed Relligion, as also lier 
peculiar regard manifested in perticular to this gouernment, in 
sending Yo"" Ex.<='<= to preside ouer us ; of whose great virtue^ 
prudence, Justice & Conduct^ wee entertaine this intii-e Cmfi- 
dence, Tliat w^^ the blessing of Heaven uppon Yoi- Eminent 


endeavours ;. wee doubt not to enjoy, Safety & protection from 
our Enemies abroad ; Liberty of Concience, peace & Tranquility 
at home ; and that euery thing repugnant to the True Enghsh 
interest, may henceforth & for euer Euanish ; But more Espe- 
tially wee beg Leaue to Tender Yo'' Ex^'^ our most hearty & 
grateful! acknowledgements, for the late pious Refformacon, yo"^ 
Ex'^'® hath been pleased to eflect in tliis County ; by promoteing 
such among us, as wee hope, Truly fear God, & will candidly 
endeauour to Advance his glory, by discouraging & suppressing 
prophainess & immorahty, w^^ in great meashure by the neglect 
& ill example of some of our Magistrates, has heretofore Like 
a Vniuersall contagion, diffused & spread among us to the great 
scandall & reproach of the Christian Relligion, & the dishonour 
and prejudice of her Majesties Gouernraent. In Concurence 
Therefore w^^ yo^ Ex^^^^ Laudable intentions, wee do most 
humbly craue the continuance of yo"* patheticke concerne, by 
distinguishing w^h marks of yo^ Valuable fauor, such of her 
Majesties Judges & Justices as faithfully discharge their respec- 
tive dutys by puttg in speedy & due ExecutiAi those Excellent 
Laws, now Extant against vice & immorallity ; and to require 
fi-om them, from Time to Time, an account of their agreeable 

Wee present to yo'" ex^'® this om- hum'® address, out of a 
Sence of our duty, and Zeale for the glory of God, and to the 
end tliat all our enterprizes, may be owned & blessed by his 
Diuine guidance & assistance; And that yu^ Excell may be 
propitious in accjuirirg :ill the good ends of Gouernment, 
aduanoe in her majestys fauour, & haue the obsefjuious regards^ 
as well as the Cordiall affections of the people here under yo*" 
sage Administracon ; continue w"^ yo'^ Noble Consort Long & 
happely among us, to yo^' Ex'^i^s unexpressible adtiantage, satis- 
faction, & Complacency ; are the constant wislies, k unalterable 
desires, & prayer of, 

May it please yo' Excellency 
Your Most Obliged Most faithfull & Obedient Seru<« 
Presented by Coll. Smith James Reeve foreman 

5'»» April 1712, in behalf of the Grand Jury 


Oapt. Mulford's Eepre^entations against the Gov't of New-York. 



O F 

Several Jlggiievanccs and Oppressions of His Majesty's Suhjects 

in the Colony cf New- York in America, 

WHEN the Enemies of tlie Nation had, by their wicked 
Councils and trayterous Intreagues, brought our Nation to the very 
Brink of being swallowed up by Popish Svpersf.ition and Arbitrary 
Government^ it pleased the Almighty God by his wonderful 
Omnipotence to bring in Peace and settle his Most Sacred 
M^ijesty, King GEORGE, upon tlie British Throne ; and it is to 
be hoped, that his Subjects in distant Countries, and in particular 
those of the Colony of J^ew York may in some Measm-e feel the 
Influence of his Happy Government, and be in due time relieved 
from all Oppressions. 

The West End of the Island JYassauj (the then Manhados) 
Hutsons River and Staten Island were first settled by the Btdch 
from Holland, in great Danger and Hardship many of them being 
slain by the Salvages ; the East End of the same Island by 
English under the Crown of England (they then being a Part of 
Cmnedicut-ColovLy) who also settled in great Hazard and Hard- 
ship. In some time after tlie Natives were suppressed, in the 
Year 1664, General JYico/^with a Fleet of Ships and some Land 
Forces reduced the then Manhados to the King's Obedience, it 
being delivered to him upon Articles. And being thus subjected 
to the Crown, King Charles the Second making a grant of the 
same to his Brother James Duke of York, as by the same may at 
large appear, the said General A''icols and Commissioners demand- 
ed the East End of the Island ; and though the Inhabitants 
thereof were much against, being moved from Connecticut to 
JVet/j Y6rk, yet it was their Misery and unhappy Fate to have it 
to be so. The Governor, Commissioners and Council took upon 
tliem tlic legislative Power, and the People were governed by 
their Ordinances, until Governor Bungan came to be over them, 
then an Assembly were called, which Privilege was then declared 
to be tlie People's Eight ; and some time after an Act of A^eia- 


bly passed) That the Persons to he Elected to sit as Representatives 
in the General Assembly from time to time, for the several Cities, 
Towns, Counties, Shires, Divisions or Mannors of this Province, and 
all Places within the same, shall he according to the Proportion 
and JYwnber hereafter expressed ; tliat is to say, For the City and 
County of JVew- York four, for the County of Suffolk two, for 
Queens-County two, for Kings-County two, for the County of 
Richmond twoj for the County of Westchester two, for the County 
of Ulster two, for the County of Albany two, for the Manner of 
Ranslerwick one, and for Dukes County two, and as many more 
as their Majesties, their Heirs and Successors shall think fit to 
establish ; Tiiat all Persons chosen as aforesaid, or the major Part 
of them shall be deemed and accounted the Representives of this 
Province in General Assembly, and such Acts made by them, 
consaited to by the Governor and Counsel, shall he the Laws of the 
Province, until they are disallowed by their Majesties, their Heirs 
and Successors, or expire by their own Limitation. And though 
by this Act, their Majesties, their Heirs and Successors may 
establish as many more, as they shall think fit : It is not to be 
tiiought that our Most Gracious Sovereign King George, will 
estal>lish so many in such Places, that they may live upon other 
Parts of the Government, and great Injustice be done thereby, 
neither give Powder to his Governor so to do ; But tliat Ins Most 
Sacred Majesty would have Justice done : Notwitlistanding of 
late their hath been Precepts issued out for Clioice of Represen- 
tatives in wliat Part and Places of the Government as he pleaseth. 
So that notwithstanding the Law, they are raised to the A'umber 
of Twenty Five ; and now the Minor Part of the People in the 
Government have the Major Part of the Assembly, and for their 
Interest Oppress a great Part of the People, and they he under 
great Disadvantages ; as may appear by the following Proportion 
of a 4000/. Tax, and several other Particulars upon the several 
Counties in the Colony, here is an Account of tlie men, Inhabit- 
ants in each County, and tlieir Representatives in the Assembly ; 
also the Quota of Tax in the same. 


Number I Assembly I Quota of Tecs. 

of Men. 1 Men. | I. s. d. 

In the Cit3^ and County of New York -— — 1200 4 885 00 

County of Albany, with Hauslerwich — — 540 ■ 4 175 lU 

Kings Cojnty _____ 420 \l 730 CO U 

Queens County _____ kxjo 2 644 10 

County of Suffolk — — _ _ _ soq 2 680 10 

County of Ulster — — — — _ 620 2 311 10 

County of Westchester — — — . — 630 3 240 00 

County of Richmond — — — — 350 2 226 1,3 4 

Orange County _ _ _ _ _ J35 2 60 00 

Dutchess County _ _ — — _ (jo 2 46 V] F 

5635 25 ■ 4iX'0 00 

By this plan it is evident, tliat the several Counties are very 
unequally Represented, as well with Eegard to the Number of 
Inhabitants in each, as to the Taxes they pay ; And to this 
Disproportion of Assembly- Men. is to be ascribed the unef|uai 
Taxing of the several Counties, without respect to their Number 
of People, their Riclies and Commerce. To evince tliis it will 
appear, that Kings-County .^ Queens-County and County of Suffolk. 
which contain 2220 Men, have only Six Representatives in 
Assembly, and are taxed at 2055/. w^hereas all the other Counties, 
having in them 3465 Men and so many Representatives that they 
are Taxed only at 1945/. So that at this time there is up Hudsons 
River Ten Assembly-Men, in Albany^ Ranslerwick, Ulster^ Orange 
and Dutchess Counties, and all those Ten represent, do not pay 
in one Tax so much as one County on the Island of J\^assau, 
w^hfere tliey have but two in each County. And for what 
Disbursements and Services done on the same Island, for publick 
Service there is very little if any thing paid them : When for 
publick Disbursements and Services done up Hudsms River (do 
but give it the Name for their Majesties Service) altho' it be to 
draw Trade to them, or to go to piu-chase Land for themselves, 
it is brought to the Assembly to put the Charge upon the 
Country ; and for the most part they get twice so much as others 
in part of the Government would demand for the same Service. 
if it were for the Publick. 

It is a Privilege to have an Assembly, if it were as near as 
may be according to the Number of the People in each County, '' 
that Justice and Right miglit be done: But to have the Name 
and nothing of the Nature, is but a Snare to the greatest Part of 


the People in the Colony, and would be easier for them that there 
was not any Assembly, than to have such an One as endeavour 
to live upon tlieir Neighbours, and not by them, and shall be 
called True and Loyal Suljecis, complying to all Proposals for 
'some Mens Advantage ; when others, endeavouring to have 
Justice and Right done, and speak any thing for Property and 
Liberty of the Subjects, shall be looked upon as Cmninals, if not 
'prosecuted for the same, as Capt. Mulford was. It is supposed 
there are some things else besides Loyalty^ as An Office with a 
Sallary, A Grant of some Lands, and A Sallery of Tliree Hun- 
dred Pounds per Ann. to the Commissioners of the Indian Affairs 
at Albany ; though it is not known to the Country, what Service 
they do to the King or Country, except it be to draw Trade to 
themselves and Debts upon the Country, and procure a Resolve 
of the Assembly to allow them 300/. fer Annum for five Years, 
and also to Allow the Indians 400/. by a Resolve of the House 
for the same time. And so in time of Peace have brought the 
Colony to be Tributaries to the Heathen^ and when the five Years 
are expired, the Indians v^Wl expect it for ever ; and if they have 
it not, they will think they have just Cause to Quarrel with the 
.Fhglisk. And of what dismal Consequence are such Measures ! 
But it is thought that the Indians did not expect sucli a Present 
now, but that it was somebody else that wanted it: For 400/. at 
J^ew York, with the Customary Advance of 50/. Per Cent, at 
Albany, makes 600/. And if the Indians have 400/. there, it^will 
do ; also somebody must present it to the Indians, who in 
Retaliation return several Packs of Beaver and other Skins: The 
Report is, that sometimes to tlie Value of the Present, which is 
unknown to the Publick what becomes of it. But it is thought 
to be tlie greatest Reason of Making the Present, and so bring 
His Majesties Subjects to be Tributaries. If it were of Necessity 
to do it, and were for the publick good of the Plantations in 
America, wliy do not the Neighbouring Colonies assist, which 
are as deeply concerned for tlieir own Security? 

The Indians that fled out of J^ew-England are sctled near 
Albany, and those from Jforth-Carolina, when fled from thence, 
come there for Shelter, amongst those Indians which their 
Majesties Subjects in .¥«<;- For/c-Government are brought to be 


Tributaries to ; and it is thougiit that the Present that was 
made to those Indians in the Yeai- 1713, put them in a Capacity 
to assist in destroying their Majesties Subjects in South- Carolina. 
The Report is. That wlien the Wars were in North-Carolina 
they had Assistance from South Carolina, the Albany-Members 
informed the Assembly, That there was Five Hundred of the 
Enemy Indians come amongst the Five Nations. They also 
informed the House, That they thought it was requisit to make 
a Present to the Indians: Amongst some shght Arguments, they 
said, The young Men amongst our Indians armed themselves^ and 
it was to be feared they were upon some ill Design: So in the 
latter End of the Summer they had a Present of 400/. The 
Report was, That the Winter following there were Indians from 
South-Carolina amongst the Five Nations, complaining that the 
English at South Carolina had taken their Land from them, and 
craved tlieir Assistance. In the Spring following the Vv^'ars 
were at South-Carolina, and it was reported, that several Indians 
from those Five Nations were gone when the Wars were there, 
and the latter End of that Summer tlie Indians Sold (at Sc^rnna- 
iadcy about twenty Miles above Alhany,) Beaver Hats bound 
with Silver Lace, Wigs, good Broad Cloth Coats, and Sliirts: It 
is so reported tliat it is thought to be real Matter of Fact, and it 
might be well if it were not so. It was commonly reported. 
That the Albany-People made a Truce witli the French of 
Canada, and liad a Trade with them all the Time of the Wars: 
Notwithstanding by their Remonstrances to the Assembly, of 
their Danger, and they being a Frontier, the Country was at 
gTeat cliarge keeping Garrison there, and all the Officers must 
be of Albany, and most of the Money for that Service centers 
among them ; wliich was tliought to be the greatest Reason for 
that Service. 

And if the Governor for tlie time being liatii power to establish 
so many Representatives, and in what Places of tlie Government 
he pleaseth (as it now is) and such as for their own Interest will 
do and comply with all the Proposals to bring it to pass, and the 
Governor to put in Office Avhom he will, and as many as he 
pleaseth, and allow them what Sallary he sees cause, and all the 
publick Money m the Government at liis Disposal, to no other 


Use but at his Will : Then the People in the Colony have not 
the Property and Liberty of English Subjects, but are subjected 
to some Mens Avarice ; not only to those wlio have the Name of 
Christicms, but to the barbarous and cruel Heathen. And is it 
not a Dishonour to His Majesties Crown and Dignity, that his 
Subjects should be sold Tributaries to them ? Would it not be 
better for them to part v;ith one Half of tlieir Personal Estates, 
for Encouragement for 5000 or 6000 Men to come and suppress 
those Salvages, that his Majesties Subjects could not live quietly 
by, and to possess their Lands, and not become Tributaries to 
them, or at least to do as those of Quebeck did in October, 18, 
1716, on the Interruption of their Commerce by the Savages, 
living Four Hundred Leagues up the Country, went with Three 
Hundred French and Six Hundred Savages their Alhes, to bring 
them to a better Temper : And finding the Enemy well entrenched 
witli Pallisadoes and good Ditches, they planted themselves near 
enough to tlie Pallisadoes, and threw two Granadoes, brought 
tliem to Surrender and agree to pay the Expence they had been 
at, and restore to the French their former Skin-Trade, as before ; 
and they had but one Frenchman and two Savages wounded in 
that Expedition, thought there were above 3000 Men Women 
and Children in that Fort. So tliat it is a Qimre, whether it be 
not more for some particular Mens Interest, to make so much 
Stir for Presents to the Indians and bring the Colony to such vast 
Charge, than it is for the publick Good. 

The poor Colony of JVeio-York, containing in it not above 6000 
Men at the most, were at the Charge of at least 30000 l. 
upon the Expedition for Canada, upwards of 27000 /. to pay 
some small Debts and make good the Embasselment of the 
publick Money in the Government, and 4045 /. per Annum for 
five Years by Resolves of tlie House, part of which is to bring 
them to be Tributaries to the Heathen, and pay Men to bring it 
so to be ; and now the Colony is miserably distressed, if not 
vassaled : The Sence whereof caused several to mo^'e out of the 
same, and several more purpose to do so, if they canndt be 

A great Part of tlie Aggrievances and Injustice done in tlie 
Colony may be ascribed to an unequal Proportion of Representa 


tivcs ; and if not redressed, may ruin the Colony. If there 
were an equal Proportion of them, as near as may be according 
to the Number of the People in each County, tlien they might 
in the strongest Manner unite the Hearts of all tlie Subjects, 
and put. an effectual End to all the Feuds and Animosities that 
have obstructed Prosperity in tlie Colony fur a Course of many 

There is a Court of Chancery erected at JVtw- York^ where the 
Governor is sole Jadge^ and if he demands any thing in the 
King's Name and it is not comply'd w ith, they shall be suhpanKi'd 
to the Court of Chancery, where the Governor sliall judge 
whether he shall have his Demands ; the Masters of Chancery 
s-iall not judge in the Cause, only tax the Costs of the Court, So 
'in all Cases that come to that Court, the Governor is only and 
sole Judge, whether the Cause be right by the Verdict of Twelve 
Men and Judgment upon tlie same. So the Governor becomes 
The End of all Law aud Judgment in the Government: Let the 
Judicial Header judge, whether it be not a Miserable and Unhap- 
py Fate to be subjected, both Persons and Estates, to the Will 
and Pleasure of any Governor for the time being, especially 
considering the People under the Government by Experience find 
the chief End of their Coming. It may be said, You have an 
Agent for your Colony. Answer, Though there be an Act for 
an Agent for the Colony of New-York, yet by the same Act he 
is Agent for the Governor, and not for the Country, they have 
nothing to do but to pay him, and send to him such Instructions 
as the Governor shall approve of ; for it is said in the Act, That 
Jie Instructions sent to him, shall be by the Governor and Coun- 
cil, or General Assembly ; and what is sent by the Governor and 
Council, shall be Signed by the Governor and major Part of tlie 
Council, residing within the Province, and wiiat is sent by the 
General Assembly, shall be Signed by the major Part of them 
and the Speaker ; and if any thing comes to him otherwise, then 
as aforesaid, he shall not have any Regard to it. 

Observe, The Governor hath Powder to call some to sit in 
Council, tliey must acquiesce with Avhat he proposeth, lest they be 
suspended ; and for- tlie Assembly, if the Governor hath Power 
to have them cliosen where he pleaseth, and get the Soldiers to 

Vol. hi. 24 


cliuse for such Men in JVev)-Yark as they shall be directed fo 
cliuse to serve upon the Assembly, the vwst suhtle Men to Imve 
t grant of some Lands, an office with a large Sallary, as several 
of the Assembly Men liave, they must comply to the Governor^ 
Proposals^ and make Resolves to allow tlie Governor 1710 /. per 
Annum Ibr five Years, the C.'dtf Justice 300 /. fer Annwn^ for 
the same time, tlie Ccmmissioners of the Indian Afctirs at Jlllmiy 
300 /. fer /him/m, for the same time, and some others of the 
Assembly Sums too tedious here to relate. 

So t'lat some for tlielr hit er est and otliers for Fear dare not 
oppose any thing proposed, but comply with wliatsoever is f<-r the 
Governor's and some cunning Mens Advantages : And how can 
tiie incjor Part cf tlie Assembly make known t!ie Aggrievances of 
t'.ie People, when they are drawn and deter'd from speaking. 
And if the major Eart and Speaker of the Assembly should be 
about to send to the Agent, if the Governor should not like it, 
he could dlssdve the Assembly at Jiis Pleasure, and so prevent 
th.em of senditig. So it must be what he pleaseth ; and if 
Demetrius and the Craftsmen of the same Occupation made such 
an Uproar about Pfl?^/'5Prcac]iing the Gospel at Ephesus, because 
it took away their Gain and Wealth, w^hat Stir do you tliink 
these Men will make, if any should endeavour to break t'le 
Schemes they have laid, whereby they get their Wealth, and 
wholly subject the People to tlieir Pleasure ? But if the 
Governor be infallible, and the People under his Government both 
Persons and Estates at liis Pleasure, then it is in vain to dispond 
or complain ; but if the People have Property, and the Govern- 
ment ouglit to be carried on for His Majesties Benefit, and Good 
cf tlie Subjects, then such Measures as these ought to be took 
into Consideration and what is amiss to be rectified. 

The People in Mew-York Government have been called Stub- 
lorn, Reflectory, little if any thing less than Rebels, when they 
have been Oppressed under the Government, and Ruinous 
Measures taken amongst them, whereby they are deprived of 
the Privileges of Englishmen, and they have been uneasie under 
the same : And there is not any Reason to Villify, Scandalize 
and Reproach them, except to render them so vile, that not any 
should have regard of them, to relieve them from Oppresions. 


But he that doth Injustice, dishonours the King, and those tliat-'- 
endeavour to uphold and vindicate such, are Accessaries though 
not Principals. 

These are some of the Measures that are and Imve been taken 
in Mew-York Government ; altliough tlie truth of this may be 
questioned, yet many One in t]ie Colony of JVew-Ycrk by 
woful Expejience knows this and several other Oppressions to 
be real Matter of Fact. 

And altliongh tliere was an Act of Parliament passed in the 
Reign of King William III. For Punishing of Governors of 
Plantations in this Kingdom, for Crimes by them committed in 
tlie Plantations, wliat Benefit can the People in JYcw-York 
Government have by this Act, when fliey cannot have an Agent 
to be informed of the Aggrievances of tlie People, nor any 
Publick Money in the Government, to enable any other Person 
to do it, but what the Governor pleaseth. And for particular 
persons, when denied to make Use of tlie Customs of tlie Colony 
and Gran!s made by former Governors, denied tlie Btnelit of tiie 
Laws of tlie Colony, Prosecuted contrary to Law, passed upon 
and destroyed without due Course of Law ; How shall tliey be 
relieved from such Oppressions, when by their Poverty and 
Ruinous Measures are so iaipoveri^h'd, that they have not Money 
to prosecute in such Case ? These must be Ruin''d : foi- there is 
not any Fencing against a Flail. 

So. by what is here set forth, may be left to the Consideration 
of all Judicial Persons., what Encouragetment such a small People 
as are in JVew-York Colony have, to allow their Governor sucli a 
largo Sallery. Qucere., Is tlie Government carried on for their 
Majesties Benefit, and Good of the Subjects, according to the 
LaAvs and Customs of the Colony, and according to English 
Government ; or is it Arbitrary, Illegal, Grievous, Oppressive) 
Unjust and Destructive ? 



A N 


It hath been a Custom, for above CO Years, (several Years 
before Jfev)-York "Wias Subjected to the Crown of England) 
for tlieir Majesties Subjects, on tlie East End of Long-Island 
then belonging to Connecticut Colony, to go out upon the 
Seas adjacent to their Land, Six: Men in a Small Boat 
to take and kill Whales and other Fish, and the. Capters 
to have all they killed, brouglit on Shore, or left dead or 
wounded ; so tliat they came on Sliore with Wind or Sea, which 
continued above Fifty Years, before the CttjUers heard of any 
Duty for so doing, until of late, by violent Proceedings, frighted 
some to do it, when generally it was look'd upon to be an 
Imposition, contrary to the Law of the Colony : And wliile my 
Lord Lovelace was Governour ; Maj. Engolahee Lieutenant 
Governour, and Colonel Beatman President, there was not any 
tiling demanded nor paid by the Captors ; so that it ceased until 
Brigadier Hunter came ; then he imposed upon tlie People, seizing 
Whales, Oyl and Bone, and subpena'd the Capters to JYew-York 
to the Court of Chancery, issuing out Prosecutions at Law, to 
compel People to pay Duty for that Fishery : Whereupon, in the 
Year 1712, they commenced an Action of Trover against me, in 
the Supream Court at JYew-Yorkj and also arrested Colonel 
Richard Flyod and my two Sons Timothy and Matthew Mulford^ 
in an Action of Trover, for converting the Queens Goods to 
their own Use : This was carried on from Court to Court, to the 
Number of Fifteen or Sixteen Courts. Here follows tlie Defence 
I made in the Courts. 

Mew-York^ March i\\e 15tTi, 17}|. 
Samuel Mulford^s Defence for his Whale-Fishing. 
The Custom of tlie Whale-Fishing is a Free Custom ; because 
there is not any Law to Proliibit it : It is an Antient Custom, to 
the Third and Fourth Generation ; it is more Antient tlian the 
Colony of J\\>w-York, and not in any Man's Memory to the 
Contrary till of late : And in tlie Year 1680, avc, the tovni of 
Easthampto7i, had a Patent to us, by the King's Governour, with 
several Priviledges therein granted to this Corporrflion, for which 
we pay 40 s. per Annum to the Crown, amongst which it u^s 


granted to us, to hay^e Rivers, Rivulets, Waters, Lakes, Pondsj 
Brooks, Streams, Beaches, Quarries, Mines, Minerals, Creeks, 
Harbours, High-Ways and Easements; Fishing, Hawking, Hunting 
and Fowling, | Silver and Gold Mines excepted] and all other 
Franchises, Profits, Comracdifies and Hereditaments, whatsoever, to 
the said Tracts and JYecks of Land belonging or anywise appertain- 
ing, or there ivithal used, accejded, reputed or taken to belong, or 
any tvisc appertain. To Jill Intents and Purposes, and Constructions 
whatsoever: So that we have Waters, Lakes, which is Sea, and 
Fishing granted to us, and notliing proliibited, but granted tons, 
except Silver and Gold Mines , The Whale-Fishing was our 
Fishing at t1ie ti;ne of tlie Grant, and sevei-al Years before ; so 
we liold it to be our Right to continue so to do, it being reputed 
to be one of the Franchises confirmed to us both by Patent, Law 
and Reason : And in the Third Year of King William and Queen 
Mary, 1G91, there was an Act of Assembly passed. That no Aid, 
Tax, Tallage, or Custom, Loan, Benevolence, Gift, Excise, Duty 
or Liiposi'lou whatsoever, sliall be Laid, assessed, imposed, levied 
or required of or on any of their Majesties Subjects in this 
Province : Or tlieir Estates upon any manner of Colour or 
Pretence w];atsoe\'er ; but by the Act and Consent of the 
Governour, and Counsels, and Representatives of the People, in 
General Assembly met and convened ; also by another Act of 
Assembly, made at the same time, confirming Patents and 
Grants, which by the Act may at large appear, And also luito all 
and every of the several i-espective Free Holders, tlieir Heirs and 
Assigns for ever witliin this Province, are to all Intents and 
Purposes wh.atsoever, hereby Ratified and Confirmed to have, 
Hold, Exercise, occupy, possess and enjoy all tlieir, and every of 
their Former Riglits, Customs, Prerogatives, Priviledges, 
Preheminences, Praetices, Imuuities, Liberties, Franchises, 
Royalties and Usages whatsoever : And int:;eir Majesties Letters 
Patent to t!ie Governour for the time being, saith. You s-iallc«ll 
to your Self, some of the principal Free-Holders to sit in General 
Assemldy, ynd such Acts as are made by tliem, consented to by 
the G'»vern(jur and Counst-l, shall be the Law of tlie Province, 
except they ai'e disallowed by us. These two acts above men- 
tioned were njver disallowed by the Crown that ever I heard of, 


neither by Record or Inforination from tlie Crown to this 
Government ; so consequently they must be the Laws of this 
Colony, until they apptar to be disallowed by their Majesties : 
So that the Prosecution of me, for Whale- Fis/mig, I take it to be 
against the Form of our Grant to this Corporation; against the 
Laws of this Colony, and against Reason and the Governour for 
the tiine being's Listructions from the Crown ; for it is said 
therein. You shall carry on the Government for our Benefit and 
the Good of the Subjects, according to the Laws and Customs of 
the Colony. It is hurt to the Common- Wealth of tliis Colony, 
against tlie Crown to hinder Effects being taken, to make Returns 
Home for England^ to purcliase tiie Manufacture of the growth 
of that Realm ; aiid althougli Mr. Attorney General was pleased 
to commence an Action in Eehalf of tlie Crown, in tlie Supream 
Court at JYejv-Ycrk, against me, and prosecute from time to time, 
for above Three Years, I know not any Law the Action is 
grounded upon, but Consequence or Pretence; for I have not 
doneany thing in that Case, but wliat is according to the Laws 
and Customs of the Colon}', it is a common Saying, where there 
is no Law t'nere is no Transgression ; and in this Case I do not 
see how any can give Judgment against me, if he have Regard 
to the former Governors Grant, the Law of this Colony, the 
Governours Instructions from the King, Reason and a publick 
Oood of t'ie Su;ijec'.s, which is the End of all good Laws : I query, 
what Judgment and Penalty shall be put upon any of tlieir 
Majesties Subjects, that have not dene any thing contrary to Law 
and Custom, but consonant to both, and only made Use of an 
Antient Custom and Usage confirmed by Patent, Law and their 
Majes'ies Instructions : I have not done any thing but used such 
a parlicular Custom, as I take to be neitlier against the Law of 
God n;>r the Law of Reason, and to be good and necessary to the 
Comm mwealth. 

I uiuleis'and, witlim the Realm o^ England^ a General Custom 
is to be decided by the Justices, which I take to be tlie Twelve 
Judges : But if not, I suppose it must be more than One single 
Person ; but in a particular Custom (as tliis is) the Student at 
Law taith, If it be not against the Law of God nor the Law of 
Reason, although they be against the said general Customs or 


Maxims of t>.e Law ; yet nevertlieless, tliey stand in Elfect and 
be taken for Law : But if it rise in Question in t];ie King's Courts, 
Wiiet!.er t'lere be any such particular Custora or nof? It s'.iall 
be tried by Twelve Men, and not by the Judges, excep| fp.e same 
particular Custom be of i-ecord in t'.ie same Court ; And if not 
to be Iritd by the Judges, to be sure not by one particular Judge. 
So I crave and Request of tliis Honoured Court, the Judgment of 
Twelve Men, my Peers of t!ie same Vicknage, may know 
sometliing of tlie Matter, that Justice and Right may be done in 
such Matter of great Consequence as this is. 

And in fine, We have Water and J^akes, which is Sea^ grantea 
to us. In the 8th Chapter of St. Matthew^ Verse 22. it is said, 
Tke Herd cf Swine ran into the Sea ; And St. Mark, Chap. 5. 
Vcr. 13. saith, They ran into the Sea : St. Luke^ Chap. 8. Ver. 33. 
saitli, Then ran into the Lake and were checked. So that by the 
most Infallible Rule, the Lake is Sea^ and the Sea adjacent to the 
I^nd is Lake, which is granted to us, it being one of the Premisses 
of t'le Grant. And we liave Fis'ung granted to us, which we 
hold of the Crown, aiid pay an Acknowledgement for the same. 
And I know not any Reason why we should not fish in the 
Waters and Lakes granted to us : There is not any Sort of Fishing 
pro'iibited, Silver and Gold Mines are excepted, and all ot!;er 
Franchises, Profits, Commodities and Hereditaments whatsoever, 
to the said Tracts and Necks of Land and Premisses belonging, 
or in any wise appertaining, or therewithal used, accepted, 
re^mted, (»r taktn to belong, or in any wise appertain, to all 
Inten's, and Purposes, and Constructions wi^.atsoever. Th.e 
Whale-Fishing at the Time of our Grant, was u^sed, accepted, 
reputed, an I taken to belong to us, and iiat!\ been ever since till 
of late. And although there might have been more Wcrils jmt 
into the Grant, to have made it more ])!a'n to be understood, yet 
the Law dot'i it: For the Law in express Words confijnis cur 
Paten's aiul Grants, against the King, His Heij-s and Successors 
for ever, notwithstanding the Want of Form in the Law, or 
Nonfcizance of any Right, Pri\ Hedge, rr Gi.stom, which ought to 
have been done heretof ;re, by the (kmstitutiins and Lirecfions 
ccntnined in tl'.e rt spective Charters, Patents and Grants af ri said. 
And the Law proceeds fartlitr, to say, wlmt tlie Pri\ ilcdg-es 


granted to tlie Subjects are, as at large may appear in the same 
And if a Grant from the Crown, the Laws of this Colony, nor the 
Instructions from the King to the Governors for the Time being, 
will not secure the Priviledges of the Subjects, according to the 
Laws and Customs of this Colony, what shall a Man say, but 
request and crave the Priviledges of an English Man, and not to 
be passed upon but by due Course of Law. 

My Council pleaded an Act of Parliament for the Subjects 
within tills Kingdom to go a Whale Fishing to Greenland, 
Friezlmid and Places adjacent, and lor tlie Oyl and Fins they so 
got should not pay any Duty. Also A'^ewfoundland and the 
Plantations in JVew-E7igland, who should pay a Duty for that 
when brought into this Kingdom. He shewed the Act to the 
Court. Upon the Tryal I was denied to have a Jury. My 
Council had pleaded a former Court, that we had Right by 
Prescription ; upon which tlie Attorney-General pleaded a Demur, 
and it was a matter of Law ; so I should not have a Jury : 
Although formerly, in the Year 1691, Peter C'wice seized a Whale 
killed by Richard Smiths, Esq ; Company, he sued for the same 
in the Supream Court at JS^ew-York, and Judgment was given in 
Favour of the Subject. On Thursday the Chief Justice said he 
should defer Judgment until Saturday. On Fryday he sent his 
Man to me with a Note, the Copy whereof is as followeth : 

To Simuvl Mulford, Esq; These. 

Sir, I desire you woull send me by the hearer, the Paper j/^m read in Court 

Yesterday; fir I did not take any Notice on my Paper, and cannot remember si 

long a Liscourse, so as to fyVni any Judgment of what you offered in your own 

Defence, except 1 read it. 

lam, Sir, Your Servant, Lewis Moris. 

Tiie Answer that I returned, was. Sir, You had it Yesterday 
in t]:e Court. 

On the Tryal there was only the Chief Jus ice on the Eench. 
My Council pleaded, that Judgment ought to be according to 
Justice : The Judge said he could give Judgment condilionaliy . 
Ti.e Clerk wrote something, but I did not hear the Judge give 
Juc'gnent, n' r hear him dhect the Clerk what to write, nt,it';er 
did he read what he wrote in the Court. Then t'.ie Court 
adjourned until next Term. So I cordd not know whether there 
was a Judgment passed, nor what it was. The Report was, that 


there was a Judgment against me : I desired tlie Officer to give 
me a Copy of the Com-ts Proceeding about the Whale-Fis/ii?ig. 
The 3d time I spake to him he could not give me a Copy, because 
the Attorney-General had the Rolls. I went to tlie Attorney- 
General, desired him to let the Officer have tlie Rolls, that lie 
might give me a copy. I was* with them for a Copy in May^ June 
and August^ and could not have any Copy. The Officer said, he 
could not do it, because the Attorney-General did not let him 
have tlie same. I desired the Officer to give me under his Hand, 
the Reason why lie did not give me a Copy, which he refused to 
do. I desired some to go with me, that they might be Witnesses 
that I demanded a Copy ; but tliey would not, and said, if they 
should they should have Ill-will, and might have an Injury done 
tliem. And altiiough I could not know in tlie Court wliat was 
dune, I was informed tlie Judge did give Judgment against me, 
my two Sons and Col. Ric^wrd Floyd. So they made it all one 
Case upon Tryal, but every one particular in the Court Charges ; 
but t'lere ought to have been particular Pleadings, because the 
said Floyd's Case was thus : Capt. Tke.ophilus HowVs Company in 
Bridg^iamyton had a License from the Governor to go to kill 
Whales, obliging tlieiuselves to pay the 20th Pait. T!iis 
Company killed this Whale, and brought it on Sliore. In the 
Night a strong Eastwardly Wind drove it along Shore a])!>ut Forty- 
Miles. The Owners of this Whale put it into the Sidd Floyd's 
Hands, to cut it up and make it into Oyl Jbr them. T/se siid 
Floyd is prosecuted for this Whale, and the Capters iiaving their 
Whale kept out of their Possession, by Reason of the Prosecution, 
next Seasm would not take a License : So that Nine Men were 
subpena'd to J^'cw-Ycrk the 24tii q^ June., in the most busy Time 
in the Summer, one Hundred Miles, to pay tlieSOt'i Part of what 
they got the Winter before, besides Chai-ges. So that it' tliey 
v/ill not. take a License, they shall be molested, if tliey do, tliey 
may lose their Whale. 

Some time after the Supream Court was over, there v.-as a Juiy 
of Enquiry impannelled, to enquire what Damage was dime to 
the Crown by our Killing Whales. The Jury was ^o1d, tlicre 
was a Judgment against us, and their P»ns:ness was only to say 
what a Whale was worth. So that thev could not but say a 


V/liale was worth Sometliing. So Execution w;is issued out, nnd 
Distress made upon our Estates iur using an Antient Custtjui • 
because one Single Judge was of Opinion, T lat t'ley liatl jiot 
right by Prescription, thougli tliey i)ad by Law, but we kn(jw 
not what is Law. The Cliief Justice makes nn Aj-giiinent, tJiit 
we have nothing to do with Acts- of Parliament, we lia\e no 
Law but what the Crown allows us. Eut we kjiuw by Experience, 
That all Penalties by Act of Parliament ami Laws of t.iC Colony 
shall be severely put in Execution; if by eitlicr lA' them 
the People might have a Eenefit it s'.mll do tb.em little or no good. 
Our Attorney-General said in Court, w!ien jjlcading about the 
Wliale-Fis'.iing, If there was an Act of Assembly to give the 
Liberty to go to Sea a Whale-Fishing, it signifits nothing. So 
what our Officers please is Law. I desire and hope, ibr a publick 
Good, t'.iat tlie Subjects in the Plantations in Jhmricu^ U)ight 
have the Whale-Fisliing so settled, that t'ley may be enc<;uriiged 
to go on t!iat Design, and be capacitated to liave Commerce with 
this Kingdom, to purcliase the Manufacture of t'je same. I 
know no Reason wliy tlie Subjects in jXtw York and JVew Jersey 
Governments sliould not have tlie same Liberty to Fish for 
Whalesasfreely as other Subjects in their Neig'.ibouring Colonies 
in America have, or as t'le Frenck King liatli granted his Subji cts 
to do, and not be deprived of liig'it and Privileges gr-m^cd to 
us, for which we pay an Ackuowletlgeiuent to the Crown, for 
Quit-Kents for our Land ti\ e Shillings, and an Ackmnvledgejuent 
for Priviledges fourty S'.iiilings per annum; of which t!ie Wiiale- 
Fisliing was most Material, and several Places in the Colony pay 
the same. 

I have seen a Memorial, setting forth, seveial Aggrlevances 
and Oppressions in the Colony of jYcw York; I know several 
things therein mentioned to be too true to make a Jest of. 

In the Year 1713, I with my Son .Mafi'iew Mulford was sub- 
penaVl to appear at the Court of C'lancery at Jv'ew-Ycrk on the, 
9th of Jlpril : My Son then had not one Foot of Land, nor ever 
was a Trustee; so was not prosecuted, but was foiced to go Uf) 
Miles to J\'*fw York, and the same back, to be alllicted and put 
to Charge. And I that had not been in tlie Station of a Tjusree 
for several Years before, could not pay the Debt of the Coi-poru- 


tion, without Orders from the Trustees : JBut iipon onr being 
siibpena'd to Jfew York, the Trustees sent a Wan to JWw York, 
to pay what the Corporation was in Arrears; but tlie Receiver- 
General wouJd not recej\e it : So tliey ordered nie to recei\ e the 
Money and pay it. I tendered the Money to the Receiver, ]ie 
would not receive it, and said lie had put tJiat Matter into tlie 
Attorney General's Hands, I must go to him. So I went and 
tender'd him Sixteen Pounds, for- him to take what was due : 
and also eight Pounds lor him to take t'iC Charge out of it : lie 
said he could do nothing, and would not receive it. The next 
Week in the Court of Chancery, it was proved tl^.at I had made 
a Tender of the Money, as abovesaid. The Tecree of Chcnceiy 
Avas, That I should pay to the Register of the Court Fifteen 
Pounds and Fifieen Slullings, 
taxed by one of the Masters of Chuncery 
General did not see Cause to accept thereof, but s- all further 
prosecute : In such Case, if lie did not make it appear tliere was 
more due, I should not jiay any more Cliarge. I ])a:d the 15 /. 
15 s. to the Register of the Court, and 5 /. and lU d. taxed lor 
Costs to the Attorney-General, and took their Receipts f r the 
same, and compl} 'd w itli the Pecree as far as I was capable, 
remain'd at JWw-York Fii'ty Pa^s upon tlie General Assembly. 
Soon aft-r I got Home, a Man was sent dov^ n, being hin d as it 
was said, for 5 /. 10 .?. lo bring a Writ to our Sherill' to an est 
me. The Sheriff did arrest me, and I gave Security for Appear 
ance. I was charged wit!i Ccvtempf, but when I came to .Mw 
York, behig 115 Miles from my Abode, they could not make 
any thing out against me, only pretended tlmt I wfs not 
discharged from that C(»urt, neither could I get a Pischarge un:il 1 
had paid them Twenty Slullings. So in tliis Case I was prcsecu'ed 
contrai-y to tlie Form of the Grant of the Quit-Rents, and the 
Custom of the Colony, if not a Breach of the Instructions fn-m 
the Crown and the Decree of Chancery. So it was said, Tliey 
were at 5 /. 10 s. Giarge, to compel me to ride 130 Miles fo pay 
them Twenty Shillings, I being near Seventy Years of Age. By 
the Grant, the Trustees are the only capable Persons to act ;Mjd 
do all things in Reference to the Corporation, and every particular 


Freeholder, not being a Trustee, hatli not any thing to do witli 
the Money of the Corporation without tlieir order. 

It was tlie Peoples Pleasure to chuse me to be their Repre- 
sentative to sit in tlie General Asseniblyj to assist in having the 
Government carried on I'or their Majesties Benefit and Good of 
the Subjects. In the Year 1714, upon the 2d Day of April^ I 
made a Speech in the House, putting tliera in Mind of some ill 
Measures that I was informed were taken, and to set things in 
their true Light, tliat Justice and Riglit might be done amongst 
us. There was a Discourse of liaving it Printed, but the Question 
was not put ; however a Coj)y was desired and taken, wliich 
was printed. That Assembly being dissolved and another chose, 
who ext)cl'd me out of the House upon t]ie 2d Day of June, 
1715, about that Speech. The next Week the'Supream Court 
sate, and there was an Indictment draAvn, charging me with an 
High Misdemeanor, acting contrary to my Duty of Allegiance, 
in manifest Contempt of his Majesty, and the Governour of these 
Provinces under His said Majesty, and against tlie Peace of Our 
said Lord the King, His Crown and Digtjiry, and against the 
Form of the Statutes made and provided : Whereupon the said 
David .hncso.!^ who, Sfc. f )r our said Lord the King, prays the 
Advice of tliis Court in tlie Premisses, and that the said Samuel 
Muffoj-d be attached by his Body wheresoever, Sfc. To answer 
our said Lord the King in the Premisses. Tlie Indictment was 
brought to the Granrl Jury, who return'd it to the Court indorsed 
Ignoramus. The Attorney General makes Information and 
obtains a Capias to our Slieriff, to take me a Prisoner, to bring 
me to Mew-York before the Chief Justice upon the first Tuesday 
in Sej:temher at tiie Supream Court, where Recognizance was 
refjuired and given of 500 /. Mr. Vuvdam and Mr. Delunsey, 
my Securities tliat I should attend the Court, and not depart 
without Leave. The Plea v.e mjide was, That it was against tlie 
Priviledge of tlie House, to Appeach any Member of the same 
in any Court or Place but in the House ; desiring the Court 
Avould fake tliat f )r an answer. Which Plea tlie Chief Justice 
over-i-iiled, there not being any other upon the Bench to assist. 
And T have been at f lur Courts, and kn )w not but tliat it must 
be from Court to Court so long as I live ; which has been a great 


Hardship upon me already, which I set forth in a Memorial to 
the House in Jam the 21st 171G. They took the same into 
Consideration, a:id resolved to Address his Excellency on that 
account; The Speaker with the whole House presented the 
Address, which is as Iblloweth : 

The humble Address of the General Assembly of JVew-York 
May it please your Excellency^ 

THE Assembly being deeply sensible of the great Hurt^ Damage 
and Inconveniency Mr. Samuel Mullbrd, a Member of this House, 
suffers ajid undergoes, by Occasion of a Prosecution against him in 
the Supream Court for Printing and Publishing a Speech formerly 
made by him in Assembly, are humble Suters to your Excellency, 
To give Orders that Mr. Mulford, in regard of his great Age, 
Distance of Habitation from the City, and other Considerations, 
may he freed and discharged from the said Prosecution, in the 
Supream Court. 

The other Considerations in the Address, may be because tlie 
Prosecution was against the Priviledges of the House appears by 
Act of Parliament, and contrary to a Law of the Colon)^, wliich 
saith, That in all Cases Capital and Criminal, there shall be a grand 
Inquest, who shall first present the Offence, aitd then Twelve good 
Men of the Neighbourhood, to try the Offendor, who after his Plea 
to the Indictment, shall be allowed his reasonable Challenges. 

Of what Benefit or Good can it be to the Colony, to have such 
an Assembly to represent them, when the Members of the House 
shall not have Freedom of Speech, and let the People they 
represent know what they are doing for them; but shall be 
prosecuted from Court to Court in the King's Name, and every 
Member of the House deterred to speak of any Aggrievances of 
and Priviledges for the People; but let things pass at Pleasure, 
lest tliey be molested as I am, and shall not have Relief, when 
by the best Authority of the Country his Excellency was 
addressed to free and discharge me, he refused to do it, except 
I would acknowledge, Tliat I had set out a false Libel, and make 
him Satisfaction : Which I could never do, knowing that all 
which I set forth in that Speech wjas true ; and I can prove it to 
be true, except what I related by Information, and that I believe 


to be true, I desired of the House, when I made that Speech, 
To let me know, w'let'ier tliey knew any tiling in it t'.at Avas 
not tme. T/iere was not any tiling objecled against it ; bnt it 
was saitl in the House, Tiiat the worst Part of it was, it was too 
true : Alsj, T lat it was too true to make a Jest of. And I know^ 
not any Wrong I have done the Governor. It may be remembred, 
T lat tie Speec'.i was made t'le ^d Buy oi' Jlpril, 1714, which 
was in tlie ]a!e Administration ; thereibre could not be against 
his pres.^nt Myjesii.s Administrsi'jon ; neither is it a Crime for 
any Me.uber of the House in the same, to mention Matters of 
Fact, which are the Aggrievances of tlie People they represent ; 
but their Duty to endeavour to have them relieved. Although 
the Governor might be tlie Occasion of the Aggrievances, and 
if I have dene tiie Governor any ¥/rong, lie might liave brought 
h's Peismal Action against me, and not prosecute in t';e King's 
Name, except he is to be InJallible and do what he pleaseth, and 
nothing to be said by any, lest they in the King's Name be 
proSLcated from Court to Court. I ;d\vays thought. That the 
Government ought to have been carried on for their Majesties 
Benefit and good of the Subjects, according to the Constitution 
of Ei.giis'i Government : But it is so now with us, that I desire 
to know, Wiiether t]ie Subjects in Mcw-Yirk Colony are to be 
governed by Prei-ogative and deprived of Property, or wlietlier 
they are to be governed by tlie Constitution of English Govern- 
ment 1 If the formiT, then there is not any need of a General 
Assembly, nor any Oc-asion for t1iat Act of Parliament made 
in the Riign of King Wi'limn III. For punishing Governors or 
Commanders in C'.iief, for Crimes by them committed in tlie 
Plantations : But let the Governors for the time being demand 
of the People what they please, and th.e People take Care to help 
them to it, lest they be subpenaVl to the Court of C'loncery at 
JSTew-Ycrk, wliere the Governor is Judge whetlier he shall have 
his Demands, and pay Court Charges into V\e Bargain : But if 
according to the Constitution of English Government, then by the 
Common Law, what Estate every Subject possesseth, is deemed 
to be his Property, and is not to be taken from him by due Course 
of Law, which is by his own Consent, the Lawful Judgment of 
his Peers, or the Penalty for the Breach of some Law : And I 


know not any tiling t'lat I have done confrary to Law and 
Cus!(»in, tiideavoiirjig to do my DiUy to the Kljig and Country, 
MS I'iiv i\s I was capable, find to have Justice and Right drne. 
And I !:n.>w not aii}' just Cause or good Reason, why I should be 
V]Uri mo\'S'ed and desti-oyed. So I am Ibi'Ct'd to come to this 
C.wV: of Groit^ to seek Re'iei'lbr my sell' and others who 
eni])i(^y('d m-', which I hope will be took into Consideration, that 
I ma, l^e dis'jharged and freed from unjust I'rosecution, and my 
Se.curi ! ii-s indemn' jy'd , and a final Determination setled thereupon 
for a Pu')li<-k Good. 

W'lic'iis t\e Defiire and Tiequest oj His Most Sacred Majesty 
Iu7ig George's Most Ilumhle^ Loyally Fuilhful and Ohedient 

Samuel Mulfob.d. 

TIriTsE OK Assembly Die Vcneri<i, Sept 13. 1717. 

Col Rulsen reported from the committee appointed to consider 
a Memoi-ial entitled Jl Memcrial of Several Jiggrievunces and 
Oppcssnns &.C. That t'.ey are of Oj'inion, tlie same is most 
falsi", niMlicious & scandalous Paper, reflecting upon the Governor 
and Government and tSe ul.ole Constitution of this Colony and 
of PiM-nicious C )nsequence, and hu:nhly Conceive, that tlic 
Thanks of t' is It-, us;^, ought to be returned his Excellency for 
Communicating th:e same, and tl:at he be addressed tf use his 
Interest at tlie Court of Great Eritain, to find tlie Author in order 
to be brought to Justice, and in the Meantime his Excellency 
Avould please to acquaint t'le Indians of the five Nations, Tiuit 
we utterly ab'or and dtt( st that Suggestion in the Said paper or 
Libel, of reducing tlie Indians by Force, and possessing their 
Lands, for the Steadiness of those Indians to the Interest of Great 
Britain, all the last War with France, it is that we owe in a great 
mea-iMre, orr present Security : whicli was read & agreed to by 
the House. 

•, • For (he Addross to Gov. Hunter Toiinileil on (he above Vofe, see Journals 
of«en: Assembly of New YorU, I. Am, Oct. 4, 1717. On the 20th Nov. the 
House passcil a Resolution to instruct their Agent how to proceed, and to 
consider Mulford s Paper entitled An Infohmation. 




Whitehall, ffeby 25th, 1717-18. 

You intimate in Your letter to our Secry of 22«i Nov. last that 
the Whale ffishery is reservd to tlie Crown by Your Patents. 
As we can find no sucli thing in Your Commission, We desire 
you will explain Wliat you mean by it. In the meantime We 
have receivd another Petition from Mulford, praying Dispatch 
in our Report upon tlie Papers our Secretary sent you the 19th 
of Septemb last : We must desire therefore from You a full 
Answer to those Papers ; and particularly as to the Right of the 
Crown ; and that you would inform us what Quantitysof Whales 
are Caught in your Government Comunibus annis ; In what 
Condition that ffishery is, & has been for some yeurs past, 
especially since your being in this Government, whetlier other 
persons have paid & continue to pay tlie Dues you demanded & 
which Mulford Complains of; What these Dues may Amount to 
one Year with Another, & how the profit arising by them is 
Apply 'd. 

Upon tills Occasion We must observe to you, that we hope 
you give all due Encouragem^ to that Trade. 

M' Pldlips has laid before us the Address from the General 
Assembly of New York to You about ^Mulford & at tlie same time 
acquainfed us that he had reason to believe your Answer to 
Mulfords Complaints was lost in the Ship Mercury. 



Descmbcr 22'i» 1718 It wass their muteally agreed between 
Mr Gorge Phillips minister &, }e Trustes in behalf of y^ Towne 
that in consideration y^ Towne at thaire owne cost and charge 
hath ingaged to Repaire wat bilding yc s^ Phillip hath made for 


his pertickeler" convenience Joyning to ye Towne house tliat 
when ever it maye plese God ether to take him to liim Self or 
tliat hee maye bee providenteally Remoued from y® s^ Towne 
then a just valine or aprisement being made to y« afDresayd i 
Bilding the Towne Shall bee oblidged to allow and make good 
unto the sayd Phillips or his assines the full worth thereof the 
Towne haueing first cridit allowed them for all such monny as 
from yc Date hereof untill y*^ time Shall or maye bee nessesaryly 
exspended both in Eepaireing & maintaineing y^ aforesayd 
Biulding ye charge to bee Duely comeputed and acertained • 
A true coppy Taken oute of y® Book of Enterry by mee. 

Daniel Brewster. Clarke 


Pursuant to the Gen" Assembly you are in in his Mas^* name 
her by impowered & Required with all convenient speed & 
dispatch to collect & gather all such publicke Taxes & Rates as 
are at present or shall be deliuered you by the Assessors of 
Brookhauen all which sums of mony you are to collect according 
to ye form & effect of every persons respective Assesment and if 
aney person or persons sliall refuse neglect or delay to pay thare 
respectiue proportions as they shall legaly: be assesed that then 
& in such case you are to leuye the same by distress uppon the 
goods & Chattels of those persons so refusing neglecting or 
delaying by exposing them to publick sayle & returning the 
ouerpluch if aney thar be after the reasonable charge deducted 
to the proper owner and for so doing this shall be your sufficaent 
authority giuen under our hands & scales in Brookhaven this 7 
day of March in the fifth year of his mas^y Rainge 

pr Henry Smith Jus 

Wlll»* Sell 

Annoq^Dom: 171| 

Sept. ye 101719 

Thees may Certifi whom it may Concearn that some time- in 
August past was a year y* I agreed with Coll Smith Nathaniel 
Vol. hi. 25 


Roe John Wood Richard Woodhull for to Repair ye house M^ 
phillips lilies in for 1 5 teen pounds od shillings to be paid when 
ye Rate was gathered which thay haue paid & I haue Receiued 
it Thomas Saint which I am Rady to atest to 

Brookhauen October ye lO^ii 1719 Thomas Saint was duly 
sworn to the aboue Contents before me 

Hy, Smith Jus: 

Those may certifie whom it may concern, that Some time in 
August past v/as a year, that I agreed with John "Wood to repair 
the House wherein M*" Phillips, an Independent Minister Lives, for 
one Pound ten Shihings, to be paid wlien y® Rate was gathered, 
Which I acknowledge to have received from Coll Smith, 
Treasurer as Witness my Hand 

Alexander Amos X his Mark. 

Oysterbay Octob: 12 1719 Alexander Amos of Brookhaven in 
ye County of Suifolk, was duly Sworn to the above Contents 
before me 

Tim: Bagley Jus 


To the Honbie Peter Schuyler Esq"^ President of his 
Majesty s Councill and Comander in Cheife of the 
Province of New York and Territories thereon 
depending in America &c. 
The Humble Petition of Richard ffloyd and William Smith 
Esqr on behalfe of themselves and other the ffreeholders 
and Inhabitants of the town of Brookehaven in the 
County of Suffolk. 

That Yo Pefs having lauds within the townshipp as alsoe lands 
within the manor of St. George Exempted from the [said 
Towshipp and] the said Town under pretence [and 

Colour of an Act of Assembly enabeling the respective [Townes 
to] raise money e to defray tlieir necessary [charges assessed 


yo'"] pefs estcites in tlie manner of St. George and [Townsbipp 
of BrookhaveuJ.and sent distreses in tlie niglit time for tlie 

and great oppression of yo-" pet^s in pticular But [had they] 
extended their power to the generall oppression of all th(| 
ffreeholders of the said Town yo"- petition's would have rested 
under their own grievance till a due Course of laAV would have 
relieved them without giving this Hon'-'^'e Board tlie trouble of 
a Complaint Eut as oppressions and wrongs done to the publick 
are matters properly to be represented here yo"" petitioners beg 
leave humbly to represent to yo^ Hon'' on behalfe of themselves 
and tlie other the ifreeholders and Inhabitants of the Townshipp 
that tlie Trustees of the said Town by pretence of the [said act] 
of Generall Assembly and contrary to the same ends and intent 
thereof (which your petitioners humbly conceives was for 
defraying public charges only) have rated petitions and other the 
ffreeholders and raised moneyes upon [them for their] private 
uses and discharging particular agreements with 
and paying of the Dissenting Minister 
and other private uses 

That altho the several assessments made beares proper title 
according to the direction of the said act yet the moneyes thereby 
raised and levyed have altogether been applyed to the private 
uses aboue and haue accordingly been paid out by the Treasurer 
of the said town as yor pet" doubts not to prove And which 
matter has been see notorious that the said rates have been levyed 
[by them witliout of] fence the ffreeholders not refusing but 
being ready and willing to pay. 

Your petrs therefore Humbly pray yo' Hon^ and this Hon'^i'ie 
Board to take the matter into serious Consideration and not 
suffer those laws that are made for the protection and good of all 
his Maties subjects to be perverted to the Injury and oppression 
of them And that yo' pet'^ and other the ffreeholders of the 
said town may be relieved from those grievious burtliens laid on 
them by the said Trustees and the Assessors and other oflS.cers 
of the said town contrary to Law 

And yo"" pet^s shall ever pray &c. 

N York 15th October 1719 Richard Floyd 

WM Smith 



To the Houbie Peter Schuyler Esqf President of his Majts 
Coimcill & Commander in Chief of the Prouince of New 
York, & Territories thereon depending in America, and 
all the members of his said Maj'^ Honourable Councill, 
Conuened in Councill 
The Humble Petition of the principall Freeholders and 
Inhabitants of the Town of Brookhauen in the County 
of Sufifolke. 

That your Petitioners being extreamly surprized, to Vnderstand 
by a Petition Exhibbitted your Hon^s the 15^^ of this instant by 
Richard Floyd & William Smith Esq", wherein the Trustees 
Assessors & Collector of this Town, are peremptorily charged 
w^h many illegall & indirect practices in their Late Publick 
administrations. Your Petitioners hauing duly weighed & 
considered the contents thereof, & finding it to containe many 
False & scandalous reflections, Esteem it our indispensible Duty, 
Humbly to represent to your Hon's That what moneys p"" said 
Trustees haue Lately ■ been raised to defray the Pubhck & 
necessary charge of this Town, was grounded on a very Just & 
unexceptionable bassis, and also been Judiciously appropriated 
to such pious & advantagious uses as are absolutely essentiall to 
the promoting Relligion, the adauncement of Learning, & securing 
the Pubhck Peace & Tranquillity of this Town : And that tho' 
represented to yo^' Honr^ as a greuious imposition ; yet from 
Time to time, wee haue freely and volentarily paid our respective 
assesments of all those Publick charges. 

Your Peticoners therefore Humbly prays, that in regard yo' 
Hon^s haue unworthily been imposed uppon, and tliat these 
Complaints are groundless, as well as extreamely mallicious, 
That yoi" Hon's in yo^ abundant Wisdom & Justice, will take 
such prudent & effectuall measures, as that innocency may be 
protected, The deuices of our aduersaries exploded, & tlie 
vniuersall Peace & fellicity of this Town, County & Gouernment 
most happely promoted & Established to the Honi" of iUmighty 



God, & the vnexpressible Joy & satisfaction of all his Maj^s most 
Dutifull & Loyall subjects : 
And yo^ Petitioners (as in duty bound) sliall euer pray. 

Hy Smith John Tooker 

Wm Sen Richard Clark 

Anthony Green 

Thorns Hulse 

John MaxweU 

Robart Stedman 

Ricliaid green 

Nath Brewster 

Timothy Brewster 

Moses Burnet 

Richard Sweene 

John Tooker Senior 

John Tooker inner 

Samuel Tooker 

Isaac Norton 

Thos Mchoe 

John Moser 

beniaman dauis sener 

beniamin dauis inner 

Charles Tooker 

George Owen 

John Huls 

Richard WoodhuU 
Daniel Brewster 
Jonatha Owen 
Selah Strong 
Samiiell Tomson 
Nathnel Roe 
John Wood 
Nathaniel Biggs 
Edword Bigs 
Robard Akerly 
Thomas Robinson 
Joseph phillips 
Nathaniell Tooker 
Joseph Tooker 
Jacob Longbotham 
Joseph Longbottom 
John Bennett 
bengaman Smith 
bengaman Smith Juner 
Thomas bigs 
georg Davis 


Thomas Ross 

Aaron Owen 

John Gooding 

Joseph Tooker 

John burly 

Sameul souerd 

Jonathan baty 

John baty 

George Owen 

John Bets 

Samuel sweasy 

John ><j tomson 

Thomas Saint 

John Jayne 

I R Johnnathan ros siner 

Elias Bayles 

Georg wood 

Timothy Brewster 

Daniell Brewster Junr 

Obadiah Sowerd 

Samuel dauis 

Eleazer Hackings 

Petition of the Trustees 
of Brookliaven 


Fort George in New York, the 
6th day of November. 1719 
AU parties attending concerning the Petition of Richard Floyd 
and Wilham Smith Esq^^ [y^ behalf of tliemselves and other the 
Inhabitants and Freeholders of the Town of Brookhaven in the 
county of Suffolk were called in and after a full hearing by their 
councill this Board is of opinion that if the petitioners do con- 
ceive themselves injured they may have their Remedy at Common 
Law and in the meantime the Trustees are discharged from 
further attendance on tliis Board. 



To tlie Honorable Cadwallader Golden Esq"" his Majesty's 

Lieutenant Governor & Commander in Chief of the Province 

of New York and the Territories depending thereon in 

America Slc^ kc^ 

In Council. 

The Petition of Silas Charles, an Indian, on Behalf of himself 
and other Indians 
Most humbly sheweth 

That your Petitioner & those Indians concerned with him, 
constitute a Tribe commonly distinguished by tlie name of the 
Montawk Indians, and are the Remains of a numerous Tribe 
formerly inliabiting the East End of Nassau Island, and consti- 
tute at present, about thirty Families. 

That upon the Coming of the English into this Country, the 
Ancestors of the present Montawk Indians granted divers 
Parcels of their Land to the People, who formed a Township 
now called East-Hampton. 

That this Tribe continued to reside in the Neighborhood ; 
living principally, by Planting, Fishing & Fowling, gradually 
wasting away, and those who remain, now occupy a Tract upon 
Montawk Point. 

That, of late Years, these Indians have discontinued their 
ancient Barbarian way of living, and are become, not only civil- 
.ized, but christianized and are peaceable and orderly, and willing 
to behave as good subjects to his Majesty King George the tlikd 
and his Heirs and Successors, to do the Duty, bear the Burdens, 
and beintitled to the Priviledges and Riglits of faithful Subjects. 

That such a Change of Manners, as it exposes them to a Life 
of Labour, must introduce an Attachment to Property, witliout 
which they cannot subsist, perform the Duties nor enjoy the 
Rights of Subjects. 

That they are exposed to, and suffer great Inconveniences 
from the Contempt shewn to the Indian Tribes by their English 
Neighbors at East-Hampton, who deny them necessary Fuel, and 
continually incroach upon their Occupations, by fencing in more 


and more of the Indian's Lands, under Pretence of Sales made 
by their Ancestors. 

That your Petitioner and his Associates are in Danger of being 
crowded out of all their ancient Inheritance, and of being 
rendered Vagabonds upon the Face of the Earth ; and are there- 
fore obliged to resort to his Majesty's Justice k Goodness for an 
effectual Protection, and being advised that they have good Title 
to the Lands, as yet unsold, by the Law of Nature and Nations, 
that the Crown has, in all Times, treated the Indian Rights, as 
deserving some Respect, and presuming that his Majesty will be 
graciously pleased to encourage their Design of becoming his 
civilized Subjects, and their forsaking also the Idolatry of their 
Fathers, they intend to apply for the Royal Grant and Confirm- 
ation, to them and their Heirs, that they may also have such a 
Title as may be maintained in the Kings Courts of Law, and 
afford tliem a competent Protection against all Trespassers. 

But inasmuch as the barbarous and unlettered State of the 
American Indians, rendered it impossible for them to keep 
Records, & your Petitioners cannot ascertain what Lands have 
been, or remain still unsold 

Your Petitioner now, in Behalf of himself and the Rest of the 
Montawk Tribe of Indians, most humbly prays your Honour, to 
give Directions for Prosecutions of Intrusion, against all such as 
occupy any Lands between Montawk-Point and Sagg-Harbour, 
to discover what Lands remain unsold, unless the Inhabitants of 
East-Hampton do, by a Day to be fixed, shew, before your 
Honoui', how far their Indian Purchases, bona Fide made do, or 
ought to extend: And that your Honor would be pleased to 
grant and confirm to said Indians (who will afterwards give in 
their Names) all the Lands on Montawk-Point, that may appear 
to be still unsold by their Ancestors 

And your Petitioner will ever pray &c 

On Behalf of himself and 
the Montawk Tribe of Indians. 


Silas X Charles — 




To the Honorable Cadwallader Golden Esquire Lieutenant 
Governor and Commander in Chief of the province of 
New York and the Territories depending thereon in 

In Council. 
May it please your Honor. 

I received the Order of this Honorable Board of the 26 th Sep"- 
last, made on Complaint of the Southold Indians, claiming Lands 
in that Township, wliereby I am commanded as his Majesty's 
Attorney General for this Province to commence Suit for the 
Recovery of the Lands of Right belonging to the said Indians, 
unless the parties in possession of, or interrested in the premises, 
did on or before the third Wednesday in October last fully 
satisfy and content the said Indians in respect to the said Lands, 
and the agreement thereupon be laid before this Board and 
approved of 

As I have yet done but little in pursuance of that Order and 
as I doubt whether as a pubhc Officer any Thing is in my Power, 
to assist them, least I should appear wanting in the Respect due 
to this Board, I am induced to represent the Reasons why no 
Suit has been commenced by me in the Behalf of the Indians. 

And first I am not possessed of sufficient materials to judge 
of the Validity of their Claim, and the properest method of 
proceeding to recover their Right if they have any, nor can I 
procure them from the Indians, who are so extremely ignorant 
that after many Endeavours for that Purpose I cannot make 
understand what I want, — and I have nor can get no farther 
Instructions relating to their Title, than what the ' Order of this 
Board contains and a Copy of tlie Town Order mentioned in the 
Order of Council, on which I would beg Leave to make some 

It appears that the Land the Indians claim is part of the 
Township of Southold, granted to the Inhabitants formerly by 
Letters Patent, and I presume was purchased from the Indians, 
as they do not pretend the Contrary, but claim under the Order 
made at the Town Meeting. 


I understand that the Township was granted in Joint-Tenancy, 
and that all the Right the Inhabitants have to hold in severalty, 
is the Orders made at their Town Meetings and entered in their 
minutes, and that tho this could convey no legal Title to hold in 
severalty, yet the Courts of Justice considering tlie Ignorance of 
those Times, and the Confusion the Contrary would introduce, 
have admitted them as valid for that Purpose. 

The Indians therefore if the Order respecting them is similar 
to those respecting the other Inhabitants, upon the same 
Principles will have as good a Title as the other Inhabitants 
have there, if their Right is not barred by any Thmg subsequent 
to that Order. 

But it does not appear this Town Order respecting the Indians 
is similar to those respecting the other Inhabitants — I observe 
they are prohibited from cutting Wood on the Common Lands 
and tho for want of seeing any of these ,Town Orders respecting 
the other Inhabitants, I don't know whether there are any Words 
in any of them aUoting the Lands to the persons for ever &c, 
yet I observe there is nothing in the Entry relating to the 
Indians, from whence it can be inferred (unless the Form of the 
Orders respecting the Inhabitants are in this Respects also 
deficient) any Thing more was intended than a Licence to settle 
and inhabit this peice of Land as Tenants at Will to the 

If this Order should invest the Indians with a Fee simple in 
these Lands in severalty, as fully as tlie other Inhabitants are by 
similar Orders, yet I am informed, that in Consequence of the 
verbal Exchange made in the year 1691 the Indians settled on 
Indian Neck, and that they never settled at South Harbour if 
so, the Statute of Limitations, I fear wiU bar their Right to the 
Lands at South Harbour, And I doubt whether it will be 
thought by the Judges, (allowing the utmost for the Ignorance 
of those Times) that a bare parole agreement can so operate as 
to give them a Right to the Lands at Indian Neck, if it has been 
possessed -against the Indians within Sixty Years. 

I am also farther informed that there is some Instrument 
executed between the Indians and Inhabitants respecting one or 
other of these peices of Land, but I cannot find out the purport 


of it, nor where it is to be found, Tlie opei-ation of that is proper 
to be known before a Suit is commenced. 

Tour Honor will permit me further to observe that this Tribe 
of Indians are the Kings natural born Subjects, and have a Right 
to be redressed by tJie Laws of the Land, and by the s&me 
Method of proceeding as any other of the Kings Subjects and 
that I may be guilty of Maintenance should I sustain the Suit 
of one Subject agaipst another, and that as a public Officer (if 
this is not a Governmental Affair as I conceive it is not) by 
maintaining the Cause of one Subject against another I am liable 
to very grievous Punishment, For by the first Rich. 2<i " It is 
" enacted that no Person whatsoever shall take or sustain any 
" Quarrel by maintenance in the Country or elsewhere on 
" grievous pain, that is to say the Kings Counsellors and great 
" Officers on a pain that shall be ordained by the King himself 
" by advice of the Lords of his Realm, and other officers of 
" the King on pain to lose their Offices and to be imprisoned 
" and ransomed and all other persons on pain of Imprisonment 
" and Ransom &c." 

Upon the whole from the present View I have of the Indian 
Claim it appears to me to be very doubtfuU on their side but it 
is possible it may be cleared up by better Information I hope I 
shall be excused in giviiig my opinion that as they are poor, and 
cannot bear the Expence of a Law Suit, when by sufficient 
Information their Titles shall appear good, and it can be known 
in what Method they should proceed, they ought to make 
application to sue in Forma pauperis, when tliey will meet with 
the same Indulgenco as the rest of his Majesty's Subjects, and 
have an Attorney and Council appointed to prosecute for them. 
I have the Honor to be Sir 

Your most obedient 
* and most humble servant 

J. T. Kempe. 

New York Sepr 27<h 1764. 

Dec 5-1764 Read in Council ; the Council advised his Honour 
to recommend to the Indians to sue in Chancery for their Right 
and to inform them that on their application they will be assigned 
Council as paupers. 






Citg of J^etD-lJork 




The City of New Amsterdam, now New York, obtained in the 
year 1654 its first Seal, a fac Simile of which will be found on 
the opposite page. " We have decreed that a Seal for the City 
of New Amsterdam shall be proposed and forwarded," write 
the Directors of the West India Company to Gov. Stuyvesanton 
the 18th May 1654. > The Vessel by which it was sent to this 
country, sailed from Holland on the 17th or 18th of July 
following,^ and on the 8th of December of the same year, " the 
Director General delivered to the presiding Burgomaster Mart. 
Crigier the painted Coat of Arms with the Seal of JYew Amster- 
dam, and the Silver Signet which were sent by the Directors in 
the Ship the Pear tree. ^ 

These arms may be thus described : Urgent per pale ; three 

crosses saltire ; Crest, a Beaver proper, surmounted by a mantle 
on which is a shield ar. bearing the letters G W C. * Under the 
base of the arms are the words, Sigillvm Amstellodamensis in 
Novo Belgio: — The Seal of Amsterdam in New Netherland. 
The whole is environed by a wreath of laurel. 

This Seal is exceedingly rare; we know not of a duplicate 
original impression. 

There is no notice of any City Seal after this until 1669, when 
Gov: Lovelace addressed the following Letter to the Mayor and 
aldermen: — 
" Mr. Mayor and you the rest of the aldermen 

"As a Particular Testimony of His R. Hjghnesse Grace and 
fauour to this his Citty of New York, I am Commanded to present 

1 Vanderkemp's Trans, of Dutch Rec, iv. 136; viii., 98. 

2 Ibid, iv., 151. 

3 Ibid, ix., 298. 

4 "Geoctroyeerde West Indische Compagnie" or Chartered West India Comp. 
who were the Lords or Patroons specially of Manhattan Island. 


you from him, this present, viz.: a publicq Seale for the 
Corporation, a Silver Mace and [Seuen] Gownes both for the 
Mayor and aldermen [and Sheriff], and although he esteemes 
somme of these but as the Gayety and Circumstantial part of 
Government, yet you may Be assured, as to what is more essen- 
tial and substantiall, itt shall recaue all encouragement and 
hartey assistance from him. And I must further add, that 
haveing tlie houn'r to be his Govern'r-General in these parts, I doe 
assure you that wherein I may, any way be servicable to you, I 
shall Cheerfully apply my mind to it who professe no higher 
Cogitations than what shall tend to my Royal Master's Intrest 
& the Publicq Welfare of those Comitted to my Charge ; If 
therefore you will Consider of Somme methode for the better 
regulation of yo^ Corporation and present it to me, What I find 
Reasonable aud practicable, I shall willingly allow of, and what 
appears aboue my strength I shall with tlie best Convenience 
transmit over to Receive his R. H. assent, from whome I doubt 
not, but you will haue such satisfaction, as is agreeable to yo^ 
Necessities and desires. I haue no more, but to wish you all 
happinesse, and an assurance that I am 

Yor affectionate friend and 
" Fort James the 6tb Servant 

of Octobf 1669. Fran. Lovelace" 

In 1686, a new seal was granted to the City. It is richer and 
more elaborate than that of the Dutch. The Beaver is still 
preserved, to which are added the arms of a Windmill and a 
flour barrel, as emblems of that Industry and Commerce wliich 
the City has never failed to retain. 

Seal 0/1686: Sable ; Mill-sails in Saltire ; a Beaver in Chief 
and base, and a flour barrel, proper, on each side, surmounted by 
a Coronet. Supporters, two Indian Chiefs proper ; the one on 
the dexter side holds a warclub in his right hand the one on 
the sinister holds in his left hand a bow. In the dexter corner 
over the Indian's head is a cross patriarchal, as emblematic of 
the Gospel to which he is subject. On the scroll, Sigill. Civitat: 
Nov: Eborac : The whole is surrounded by a wreath of laurel. 



An Answer to y« last Peticon of y^ Lutheran Minisf M' 
Jacobus Fabritius, wherein hee requested liberty to give his 
Congregacon a Valedictory Sermon, and to Install the new Come- 
Minisf according to ye Custome used by those of their lieligion. 

Tlie Contents of this Peticon being very reasonable, & (as I 
am Informed) according to y« Custom of ye Augustine Confession, 
T doe very well approve thereof & Grant the Peticon''^ Request. 
Given under my Hand at fifort James in New Yorke, this 11^'' 
day of August 1671. 

Frans Louelace. 


To the Worship^' Heeren President, Burgomasters & Schepens 
of this City N: Orange. 

Annetje Cornells represents with very great humihty that she 
hath divers times requested that the house belonging to her and 
her children from God & Nature may be given up to her, As she 
is very siclily and beladen with the Quartan Ague, having been 
obliged the whole winter to sleep in tlie garret under the roof 
of the liouse, whicii truly is a very hard thing to happen to an 
old woman, & all this for a drunken and constant prophaner of 
God's name, a ci-devant Lutheran Preacher, named, as he says 
Jacobus Fabritius her married but unfaithful husband, who has 
driven her out of her own house and Chamber wliich she 
intended for her sou ; which is truly a matter that ought not be 
tolerated in a place where LaAV is maintained as is tlie Case in 
this government, the good God be fervently thanked therefor. 

The Petitioner therefore humbly beseeches Your Worships to 
be pleased to order that he dehver up the key of the room 
witliout delay to the Petit^ And to interdict or forbid him to 
presume to enter the house any more until further order from 


y^ Worships, on pain of certain arbitrary Correction to be found 
fitting by Your Worships, the rather as said Fabritius did 
Yesterday not only use force and violence in said house, but also 
stole property, which at a proper time shall be proved j 
whereupon awaiting Your favourable apostille, remains, etc. 
Apostilled — 
The accompanying Petition being considered & read in Court, 
the Petitioner Annetje Cornells' request is granted and allowed, 
especially as Jacobus Fabritius hath of himself left the house 
and, contrary to the previous order & prohibition given him, hath 
behaved very uncivilly and badly ; & the said Jacobus Fabritius 
is ordered to deliver up the said key to the Petitioner and not 
to presume to molest her in any way until the W. Court shall 
otherwise provide therein. 


N: Orange I7th July, 1674. 

The B.^ Schout de Mill Pit ags't 

Jacobus ffabritius, Prisoner & Dei* 
The Hr pit says that the Deft contrary to the Order of this 
Court came by force on the 11 th July last into the house of 
Annetie Coruehs his Wife, and brought in there a chest against 
her will and consent ; pushed a certain woman named Barentie 
with her spinning wheel off the road and moreover, wlien he was 
warned to keep still or that tlie Schout should otherwise have to 
be brought, he gave for answer. He was tired of the Schout and 
Burgomaster, and when the Schout came himself with order to 
remove him, the Deft, \^q resisted the Soldiers, pushing him 
pit on the breast with many other evil acts : The H' Pi* 
therefore demands that the Offender shall at least be banished 
for ever out this City's jurisdiction or otherwise punished 
according to his deserts as a person unworthy to live in a well 
regulated Burghery having committed divers offences against the 
laws and ordinances of our Fatherland ; with the Costs incurred 
and still to accrue. 


BuRGo;*iASTERs and Schepens having heard at length the 
demand and complaint of the H^ Officer together with the answer 
and excuse of the Prisoner, and liaving seen and considered the 
depositions on both sides, condemn Magister Jacobus fabritius 
in a fine of fl. 100. for the benefit of the Schout, and he shall 
merely ask the Court's pardon for the insults and injuries com- 
mitted against it at divers times although he deserved to be more 
severely punished : Further their Worships persist by their last 
rendered judgment between said flfabritius and his Wife Aunetie 
Cornelissen dated 8^^ June last, with this explanation that said 
Fabritius shall not presume to come to his said wife without her 
consent or to give her any trouble : Further, paying the costs 
incurred herein. 



To the Rt Honourable & Righteous Lord Edmund Andros 
Governf General of New York etc. 
Right Hon^ie and Righteous Lord 

The Undersigned Elders and Principals of the Augsburg 
Congregation here witli due reverence represent that they the 
Petitioners find to their Sorrow that some of their Congregation 
have failed to Contribute according to their promise — firstly, to 
the sending for and arrival of a Preacher and Secondly, to his 
Yearly Salary, on which promises they the Petitioners have 
pledged themselves. 

Wherefore the Petitioners are obliged to repair to you Right 
Honorable, humbly praying that your Honor would be pleased 
to make such order therein as Your Honor may deem proper. 
Whicli doing they shall Remain 

Your Honors humble & 

Faithful Subjects 
Endorsed Vrit Wessels 

A Request from the Lutherans to Lauwerens Andross 
the Go : At his first Arrivall in Martan Meyers 
1674. Casper Steinmets 

Vol. III. 26 



New York 31 ^^ June 1680. At a Meeting at the house of M"" 

Olave Stevens, of the ministry Elders, Chm-chwardens & 

Deacons, M"" Fredr. Philhps, M^ Cortlandt & Seer of the 

Councell, M-^ Mayor, M^ Beeckman, and M'" Jacobs, Aldermen. 

To consider of the best way. to raise money for the building 

of the New Chm-ch recomended by the Go : — 

Free will or Guift :— A publick tax :- 

M"^ ffredrick Phihps M'^ Nich^ Eayard 

M^ Steph. V. Cortlandt M^ Van Vleck 

M^ Olave Stephens M«" John Darvall. 

M' Mayor 
M*- Beeckman 
M^ Jacobs 
M"" Coenraet 
M^" P. Bayard 
D^ Newenhuysen 
Mr Woolly. 
If this way shall not be effectuall to raise a competent summe- 
That some other way bee considered of w^hich referr'd to the 
How to give notice — house by house or otherwise. 
To bee appointed to meete at certaine times at the towne hall, 
to give in their subscriptions 

The severall streets.— the Inhabitants to appeare upon notice, 
one after another — 

The Countrey people at the Bowery, Harlem, &<= upon the Isl. 
to have notice, and bee spoken to, by their Ofl&cers, Const. 
Overseers, &«^ 
What dimensions. 

The Church in the ffort 54 foot wood measure without — about 
50 within — in breadth. 
Proposed to be somew<^ longer & broader, but more in length 
A quart' pt. 


STREET, 1685. 

By vartue of a Warrant from the hon*>ie Coll. Tho. Dongan 
Gouarnor Generall of his Majesties Coll of New Yorke &c bear- 
ing date y« 1 5^^ Instant to mee directed 

Haue laid out ye North East side of y« Wall street, beginning 
at ye Westermost Cornor of y^ Bucthers Pen,' and then Runing 
by an Angle of 313° or North West & by West Nine degrees 
j&fteene Minits Northerly foure hundred twenty three foot to ye 
farthest cornor of the Smyths Street^ thence by an Angle of 323 
deg: or North West Eight degrees Northerly foure hundred 
therty one foot to y® farthest Cornor of the Graft Street,^ thence 
319 deg: or Northwest foure degrees northerly one hundred 
fifety one foot to y^ farthest Cornor of Stoutenbergs garden, 
which is right Opposite to the South East Cornor of ye New 
Street, « the saide Street being laide out thirty six foot in bredth, 
Performed this 16 day of Decemb. 1685. 

P mee Leo. Beckwith Dept Siirveior 

1 Near what is now the corner of Pearl and WaH. 

2 Now, Wniiam st. 

3 Broad St. 

4 This garden lay between Nassau St. and Broadway; a Presbyterian Church 
occupied part of it from 1719 to 1844. See post. p. 460. 


[ Deed Book Ylll. ] 

James Duke of York and Albany &c Earle of Vlster &c. 
Whereas I have had Sufficient Testimony of the Abilityes and 
Integrity of Josias Clarke Clergyman And of his Fitnesse to be 
Chaplaine to the Garrison of New Yorke I doe therefore hereby 
authorize & Require You to Putt him upon the Estabhshm* as 
Chaplain to the S^ Garrison Accordingly; with such Salary and 
allowances as are thereunto belonging to Commence from 


Michaelmas next & to Continue Dureing my Pleasure only. For 
which this Shall be Your Warrant. Given under my hand at 
Windsor this le'h Day of June 1684. 

To Coll Dongan my 

Lieutenant and 
• Governor of New York 

& its Dependencies in ' 


By Command of His Roy" High^s 
Jo Werden. 

•»• A like Commission follows to Alexawder Innes, Clerk and Master 
of Arts, dated 20th April 1686. 


To the Right Honnourable Coll Thomas Dongan Leiv' & 
Gouernof of and ouer ye Province of New Yorke &° and 
to y^ Honnourable Council! . 
The humble Peticon of the Decons of the Lutrens y^' 
Humbly Sheweth 

That yor Peticon''^ was and had allowance and Priveledge to 
build and erect a Church for our pubUcke y®use on Ground 
without y® Gate of this Citty and in ord^ thereunto Did erect and 
build thereon ; and afterwards when Gou"" Colue came was forst 
to Remove and Breake Down w^" was erected and built on s'l 
Ground, and in Lew thereof, yo"" peticon^rs -^^ras allotted and 
Allowed ye Peice of Ground within y^ Gate where y® Erected 
Church now Stands and house adjacent and had a Patent 
thereon, but it happens to bee mislay ed 
Yo"" humble Peticoni'^ most Humbly Requests a Letter or 


Patent of Confirmation for y^ Premises and for y« Charge thereof 
shall willingly Compute and Pay ye Same 

And yor Peticon'^ as in Duty bound shall euer Pray &c 
Hejjdrick Williamson. 
in behalfe of y^ Whole Partys Conserne'i 

%* The Church mentioned in the latter part of the above petition stood at 
corner of Broadway and Rector, a little South of Trinity, on the Site of the late 
Grace Church. Greenleaf states (Hist, of the Churches of New York, 1846.) that 
it was erected in 1702, but this is evidently an error as appears by the above 


To the Rt Honorable Thomas Dongan Lieu* and Governor Vnder 

his Royall High^s of New Yorke and Dependencies in 


The humble Peticon of the Lutheran Congregacon in 'the 
Citty of New York 

That by the allowance of yo"* honors Predecessors & the Acts 
of the Generall Assembly the said Congregacon haue had, and 
still haue Diverse Libertys Privillidges and Immunitys granted 
allowed and Confirmed to them & their Place of Worsliip and 
other Religious houses and Places in this Citty &c haue alwayes 
been held reputed and Esteemed as Priviledged Churches & 
Places Nothwithstanding which in a Tax or Assessment now 
made by the Mayor and Aldermen of this Citty the said Church 
and other Religious houses are Assessed & rated as if they w^ere 
the Estates & freehold of a Private Person, and as such are 
taxed, altho the Religious houses and Places in this Citty for 
tliose of tlie Caluinest opinion are wholly Exempted & freed from 
any such Imposition tax or Rate Your Peticoners therefore 
humbly Pray 

Tiiat your hono"" will be pleased to Examine the Premises and 
takeing them into your serious Consideracon grant that the said 
Church and other Heligious houses and Places belonging to the 


said Luthren Congregacon may as well as the Heligious houses 
and Places of the other Chiistian Professors allotted vithin this 
Citty & Prouince be Released freed exempted and Priuiledged 
from any such Tax Eate or assessment and that your honor -^^ yj 
Please to giue such order Concerning the sajne as sliall appear to 
your Hono'' to be fitt & Requisite. 

And yor Peticoners as in Duty bound shall ever pray &c. 


September the 6th 1684. 

This within Peticon being read before the Governo'" and 
Conncil it was Their Opinion that the house Appointed for the 
Lutheran Minister to line in should be as free and Exempted 
ftom Taxes as that of the Dutch and ffrench Ministers, and the 
Peticon is Referred to the Mayor and Aldermen. 

By Ordr in Council. 

A true Copy. J. Spragg Sec'y. 

•,» It appears by Deed Book VIII. 204, in Secretary's office, that Dominus 
Bark^rdus Aeisses was Minister of the Lutheran church in New-York in 


To His Excellency Benj* Fletcher Captain Generall and 
Gouenor In Chief of His Majesty province of N. Yorke, 
and the Hon'-^i^ Counsell. 
The petticon of Derex Van Burg 

Humble sheweth yt whereas yo' peticoner haue by yo"^ Excel- 
lency's order bin Imployed in Building his Majesty Capell with 
seaveral other buildings in and aboute his Majesty Fort William 
Henry in N Yorke for the accomplishment of which, by Labour 
and other Materialls belongmgto his Occupation, there Is become 
dew to him Nine Hundred and Odd pounds Current money, as 
by the accompt already past the Auditt of the Counsell and 
accompts now befor this Hon^abie gorj may appeare. 

Now yo'' petioner haueing greate and pressing Occation for his 


money that is dew to him Humbly prays thatt his whole 
Accompts may be Adjusted and past, and a warrant Ishued out 
by his Excellency to his Majesty Collectors or receaver Generall 
to pay the same and yo^ petecion'- as in Duty bound shall ever 
pray. D V burgh 

[U March 1695.] 


To his Exce'i Benjamin Fletcher, Cap* Generall and 
Governr in Cheife of the Province of New York Pro- 
vince of Pensilvcinia Country of New Castle and all the 
Tracts of Land Depending thereon in America and 
Vice Admirall of the Same &c. 
The Petition of Sundry Inhabitants of the Citty of New York 
Members of the Church of England — 
Humbly Sheweth 

That Whereas y"^ Petition'^ are Desirous to build a Church 
within tills Citty for the use of the Protestants of the Church of 
England and haveing mett with great Encouragem* from 
severall good Protestants in order to the Carrying on of the same. 
Therefore y Excell Petition^^ do humbly pray that y ExceU. 
would be pleased to grant a Lycence to y Petition's to purchase 
a small piece of Land Lyeing without the North gate of the said 
Citty betwixt the Kings Garden and the hurrying Place and to 
hold the same in mortmain and tliereon to build the said Church 
as also to take and Receive all Voluntary Contributions and to 
do all other Lawfull acts and things for the Effecting the same 
and y Excell Petition''^ as in Duty bound shall ever pray &c. 
Tho: Clarke Will: Morris 

Rob' Lurting Ebenez"" Willson 

Jeremiah Tothill, Will Merret 

Caleb Heathcote Ja. EMort 

James Evetts R. Ashfield 

[19 March 169f ] 



[ Deed Book, IX. ] 

Benjamin Fletcher Captain General! and Governourin Cheife 
of the Province of New Yorke and the Territoryes and 
Tracts of land depending thereon in America and Vice 
Admiral! of the same His Maty^ Leiv* and Commander in 
Cheife of the Militia and of all the forces by sea and Land 
Within his Mat''* Colony of Connecticutt and of all the 
fforts and places of strength within the same 
To all to wliom these Presents Shall come & may concerne, 
Whereas the Inhabitants of the City of New Yorlie professing 
the religion of the Cliurch of England have with a pious and 
good intent Proposed and begunn to erect and build a Church 
within the s^ City for tlie publiek Service & Worship of God at 
the humble request of the Managers of the s^J building and for 
their encouragement to cary on & finish the Same I liave there- 
fore with advice and Consent of the Council given and granted 
and by these presents do give and grant free Liberty to the s^ 
Managers to gather and receive of and from well disposed per- 
sons. Such sume and sumes as shall be voluntarily contributed 
for the more speedy carying on the s^ building and tliis shall be 
a sufficient Warr* to the &^ Managers for so doing. Given under 
my hand & seal at New Yorke the 23 '^ day of July Aunoq Dni 

Ben fflktcher. 
By his Exoellcys Command 

David Jamison, Socy. 




To His Excellency Benjamin Fletcher Cap^ Gen " and 
Comauder in Cheife of his Majties Pi-ovince of New 
Yorke and Territories thereon Depending in America 
and Vice Admirall of the same, his Maj''^ L^ and 
Comander in Cheife of the Cities, fifortes and places of 
strength by sea and land within his [Territories] 
The humble Peticon of Caleb Heathcott William Merritt 
John Tuder James Emott [Henry] WiUson Thomas 
Wenham James Evetts John Crooke, Robert Lurten, 
Samuell Burtt William [Morris ?] NathanieU Maston,p sent 
Mannagers of the Affaires of the Chm-ch of England in 
the Citty .of New Yorke. 
Sheweth — 

(That by virtue] of an Act of Gen^u Assembly made in the 
ffift yeare of his Maj'ies Raigne (1693) Entituled An Act for 
selling a Ministry in the Citty of New Yorke &:c. Amongst 
other things therein menconed. It is Enacted that there shall 
be [called inducted & Established a good Sufficient] protestant 
Minister to officiate and have the Care of soules, in the said Citty 
and that for his Encouragement [there shall be assessed] Levyed 
Collected and paid for the maintenance of the said Minister the 
sume of one hundred [pounds.] 

And whereas at tlie same time that the said Act was made 
there was noe Publick Church or building [for the] said Minister 
to officiate his said duty in the Publique Worship and Service of 
God According to [to the practice of the] Church of England 
Established by Law whereby the Intent of the said Law was 
likely to be fiErustrated [as well as the will] bounty and Encour- 
agement of yo^ Excell:cy who by yo'" ExceE-.o-s Pious Example 
has Influenced many to contribute severall sumes of money for 
the Erecting A Publique Structure and Church for the Publique 
worsliip [which have been em]ployed by yc Excellencyes 
Petition" who have within this Citty built A Church and Covered 
the game but [still need yo^ Exct^ll. countenance] and Pious 


faiiour Continued to it— Therefore jo^ Excelh-^ys Petition:'-s 
most humbly pray that yo^ Excell:cy would be [pleased to grant 
the same] rnto yo^ Excelli^js Petitiont^s jq trust for all those 
that now are or hereafter may be in the [Communion of the 
Churcli of] Englcind as now Established by LaAV. And that yor 
Eccell-.'^y would be pleased to order the same [to be one Body] 
Politick in deed fact and Name, by Name of the members in 
Comunion of the Church of England Estabhshed by Law. And 
tliat as such they and their Successo:'"^ may have hold vse occupy 
[& possess all the] Advantages. Priv Hedges Immimityes 
Mortuaryes and Appurtenances as are vsually held [used oc- 
cupied & possessed by] Churches of the Churches of England 
within his Maj^ies Kealme. And Allso that yo^ Excell:'=y [will 
grant the said] Church the Aforesaid yearely Maintenance by 
the Aforesaid Law Established, [and ftbr the benefit &] ffor the 
Charitable and Pious vse of the same what Quantity of Lands 
therevnto [neer or adjoining that to yom* Excell &] the Councill 
shall be thought fiitt. 

And yo"^ Excell :cy 3 Petition -.'"s as in Duty bound &.c. 

The Petition of the managers of the English protestant Church 
called Trinity Church was read and granted : Ordered a w^arr* 
issue for the drawing of their Charter of incorporacon the 
quitrent to be one pepper corne as desird. \Counc. Min.] 


To ALL Christian People to whome these Presents shall Come 
Coll Benjamin Fletcher Late Capt GenH And Governour in Chiefe 
of his Majesties Province of New Yorke & Vice Admiral of y® 
same kc : sendeth Greeting Know Yee that the said Coll Benjamin 
Fletcher by the Consent allowance and approbation of the Rector 
Church Wardens & Vestry men of Trinity Churcli att his own 
private Charge did Erect and build A Pew att the East End 
thereof for the use of his family & for his Heirs and Assigns for 
Ever and his Majesty liaving thought lit to Recall tlie said Coll 


Benjamin Fletcher from tliis Governm^ The said Coil Benjamin 
Fletcher doth therefore hereby Assign and mali:e Over the said 
Pew in Trinity Church with all the Rights and Pri viledges there- 
unto belonging imto the Honbie Coll Nicolas Bayard and Coll 
Caleb Heathcote of his Majt^ Council of the said Province and to 
such Others that now are of his Majesties Council of the said 
Province as are not Otherwise seated and Provided with pews in 
the said Church &. to such Persons of Quality & Gen' Travelling 
to the said Citty as the said Coll Nicolas Bayard & Coll Caleb 
Heathcote or the Church Wardens of the said Church for the 
time being shall see meet. Provided allways and itt is the true 
Intent and meaning hereof that in Case the Heirs of the said 
CoU Benjamin Fletcher or any of his friends or Relations doe att 
any time hereafter Arrive in this Citty of New Yorke that they 
Claime and have a Right to sitt in the said Pew for the hearing 
Divine Service any thing Above Mentioned to the Contrary 
hereof in any wise notwithstanding In Wittness whereof I 
have hereunto put my hand & scale in New Yorke the twenty 
sixth day of April in the tenth year of the Reign of our Soveraign 
Lord King William the third of England Scotland France & 
Ireland Defender of the faith &c: AnnoqDom. 1698. 
Sealed and Delivered In the presence of 


Will Sharpas 

Memorandum that on the twenty fifth day of October Anno 
Dom 1711 personall appeared before me Adolph Pliillips Esq"" 
one of the Justices of the supream Court of Judicature of the 
Province of New York WiUiam Sharpas one of the Witnesses to 
the within Instrument and made Oath upon the holy Evangelists 
«)f Almighty God that he saw the within named Benjamin Fletcher 
seal and deliver the same as his Yoluntary Act and Deed in the 


presence of William Nicoll the Other Witnesses thereunto 

Jur Coram me die & Anno sup diet 

A. Philipse. 

•»* Col. Fletcher was governor of New York from 1692 to 1698. He seems by 
his arms to have been originally from Cheshire, Eng. His wife's arms are, it 
will be noticed, impaled with his, and resemble those of the Lincolnshire branch 
of the Monckton family, of which Gen'l Monckton, afterwards Govr of New 
York, was a Member. 


Edward Viscount Cornbury etc. 

To the Reverend John Sharp, greeting: 

Reposeing Speciall Trust and Confidence in your fidelity 
integrity Learning and Piety have nominated Constituted & 
appointed and I doe by these p'sents nominate Constitute & 
appoint you y^ s'^ Jno. Sharp to be Chaplain to her Maj^i^s forces 
in ye s'^ Province of New-York in y® room & place of Emond 
Mott deceased to have hold use exercise & enjoy the s'^ office or 
place of Chaplain of her Majt'^s iforcesiu y^ s^ Province of New 
York unto you y« s'^ John Sharp for and during such time and 
uiitill her Majties pleasure shall be known herein. 

Given under my hand & seal &c 


To Ms Excellency Edward Viscunt Cornbury Governour Geu'all 
and Command^ in Chief of the Province of New- York &c 
The humble petition of Peter Peiret Minister of the frenoh 
Congregation in this City. 
humbly sheweth 

That Milord Eeilomont in Cuncil taking in Consideration how 
litle both Mr. Vezey and yo' petioner did receive from their 


Congregations for their Annual maintenance did order that a 
sume should be paid to them both out of the revenues of tliis 
Province every year as an help to themselves and family to keep 
vp the said ministers in a capacity better to serve their said 
Congregations not Considerable anough by themselves to allow 
the said Ministers sufficient annuall salary. 

that in pursuance to tliat order both M^ Vazy and yo»' 
Petitioner were granted Warrants for a yearly pention ending 
on the 1: of May 1699. but time and minds altering a little 
while after the said pention was stoped, and yo"^ petioner 
deprived of the seme. 

Yo^ petitioner therefore most humbly represent to yo^ 
Excellency that by his great aage and numerous family being in 
greater necessity then ever of such souccours hi most humbly 
and most earnestly desire yo^ Excellency to vse him v/'^h de same 
bounty he doth hear M"" Vezey has been allouing the same 
pention for & from the very same time. 

And yo^ petioner as in duty bound 
shall ever pray 

Read in Council 10 Dec^ 1702 and warrants 
issued for 60 lb 

•.•The Rev. Mr. Peiret of whom mention is made in Vol. II. p. 432. and 
from whom there is a petition dated Octob. 1697. was allowed a pension of £20 
per annum until his death, which occurred about the forepart of 1705. He left 
a widow and five children: He was succeeded, it would appear, by the Rev 
Mr. Laborie in May 1706. See post 


New-York 24 Nov. 1702. 

* * * * The Clergy here have had a Sort of convo- 
cation at the instance and charge of his Excellency, Colonel 
Nicholson, Governor of Virginia, we were but seven in all, and 
a week together w^e Sat considering of ways and means to 
propogate the Gospel, and to that end we have drawn up a 
Scheme of the present State of the Church in these provinces, 
which you shall see when I have time to ti-anscribe it, and I 


shall desire you to Send it afterwards to my good brother Kemble. 
We have great need of a bishop here to visit all the Churches, 
to ordain some, to confirm others, and bless all. * * * * 


* * * * Last Sunday I preached here at New York in 
the forenoon before his Excellency, Lord Cornbury, at the de- 
sire of M"- Vesey, minister of the Church of England here. My 
Lord Cornbury invited us to dine with him at Fort Henry, as 
accordingly we did after Sermon, and at Several other times at 
his desire we dined with him. There is a brave congregation 
ol people belonging to the Church here, as well as a very fine 
fabric of a church, and the Rev. M^" Vesey very much esteemed 
and loved both for his ministry and good life, and the like I can 
say of all the other ministers of the Church, where I have trav- 
elled as at Boston, at Rhode Island, and Philadelpliia. 

For an instance of his Excellency, my Lord Cornbury, his 
good and cordial affections to the Church, and to us as ministers 
thereof, I send to your lordships the inclosed recommendation 
he has been pleased to give me to all the justices of peace in his 
government, occasioned by the late abusive entertainment I mett 
from the Quakers in their meeting at Flushing on Long Island, 
concerning which I complained to Jiis Excellency. Before we 
go out of this province, w^e design to visit the Quakers again att 
Flushing, and in some other parts, and to try what influence my 
lord's recommendation will have upon them to give me a hear- 
ing vv'ithout interruption. ******* 

New York, 29 Novemb"- 1703. 




To His Excellency Edward Viscount Cornbury Captain 

Gen'i and Governour in Clieif of the Province of New - 

Yorke and tlie Territorjs depending tliereon in 

America and. Vice Admiral! of the same &;c in Council. 

The liumble petition of the Rector Wardens and Vestrymen 

of Trinity Cliurch in New-yorke 

humbly sheweth 

To Yor Escell: that on the 2^ day of December 1697 Coll 
ifletcher tlien Governour of the Province by advice and consent 
of the Council for that time being did order that Coll. Steph 
Cortlandt M"" Peter Jacobs Mariuss D"- John Kerbyle and M*^ 
Johannes lOp (trustees of money raised of voluntary contribu- 
tion by lycense of the Government towards the redemption of 
perticular slaves in Salley and failing that use towards such other 
pious use as the Governour and Council of the Province for the 
time being should direct) should deliver over the papers and all 
things relating tJie said money with full power to have use and 
receive the same to M'' Thomas Wcuham and M' Rob* Lurting 
then Church wardens of said Church tow^ards the finishing the 
building of said chm-ch under a certain provision that if it were 
possible to purchase the redemption of one Bartholomew Rosston 
(the surviving slave of that number) that the corporation of s'^ 
church be accountable for s^ some or somuch thereof as to 
answer his redemption as by a copy of s*^ order and annexed 
papers more at large appears. That for want of aji account 
from Holland and other reasons for some considerable time the 
said trustees did alleage tliemselves to be incapable of making 
this assignment and are all since dead. 

That by a letter of the 20tii March 1700 from William Banker 
and Hero May of Amsterdam merchts there is advice the 
prisoners by Agreement with the Crown of England were set at 
liberty and said merchants ask direction in what manner to remit 
said money to said trustees. 


That there was originally remitted by said trustees 1000 pss f 
and some bills of exchange conditionall and there being no 
account of the charges happening in this negotiation whereby to 
know the nett sum in their hands, 

Your Excellencys petitioner therefore humbly pray yo^" ExceU 
will be graciously pleased to direct the respective Executors and 
Administrators of the s^ trustees to give such legall and perfect 
assignment to the Church Wardens for the time being of s'^ 
Church or their successors or their order of all the s*^ money 
with full power to call the s<i William Bancker and Hero May & 
their Executors & Administrators to account for the same and 
upon payment to give a sufficient discharge for the same in order 
that the said money be applyed to the finishing the building of 
s^ Church for which it is sett apart and yo-" Excell petitioners as 
in duty bound shall pray &c. 

Richard Willett Will Vesey 

Thos. Wenham David Jamison 

Will : Moeris Wm Peartree 

' Jno. Borrowe Sa : Sh : Broughton 

Dan : Honan Jeremiah Tothill 

, Will : Sharpas Lancaster Symes 


Read in Council July 18. 1704 & referred to a Committee to 
examine the allegations therein contained & make report thereon 
to the Board. The Petitioners or some one for them were 
ordered to attend the meeting of the Committee. 


To his Excell : Benj : Fletcher Cap* Gen^i & Gov' in 

Cheiflfe of yc Province of N : Yorke Pensilvania New 

Castle & Countries Depending thereon in america &c. & 

Vice admirall of y^ same. 

The humble Peticon of warner wessells & antie Christians 


That y^ Sonne of y« s*^ warner wessells & y^ husband of ye s*i 


antje Cliristiaens being taken Slaues unto Salley by y^ Infidels y'' 
Excel was Pleased upon there Immble Request to graunt them a 
Brieife to collect and Receive y® free & bountifull Charity of all 
good Christians within this Province for ye Redemption of ye s^ 
miserable Persons but in Regarde y^ humble Petition's are no 
ways fitt or qualifyed to collect y« s^ Benevolence but have so 
farr Prevailed with y® Church wardens & ministers of this Citty 
to Collect & Receive y^ same, doe humbly Pray 

That Y' Excel would be pleased to graunt a Brieff in such a 
form as y'^ annexed is w^ was directed to y^ ministers & church 
wardens upon y® like occasion when a vessel was taken by y^ 
Turks in y^ year 1678. & y' they may be Impowered to Collect 
.£100 : — : — which is y° Somme y* will Redeem y® s'^ miserable 
Persones ye overplus if any be to be Delivered as yr Excel shall 
see meet to be Employed for y^ like pious uses — 

Benjamin Fletcher Captain General and Governour in Cliief 

of the Province of Jfew- York, Province of Pennsilvania, 

and Country of Jfew-Castle, and the Territories and Tracts 

of Land depending thereon in America. 

To all Officers and Ministers Ecclesiastical and Civil 

throughout the Provinces and Territories wider my 


Whereas I am credibly informed that the Son of Warner Wessels, 

and Husband oi Antie Christians, Inhabitants and. Sailers of the 

City of Mew-York, following their lawfull Occupation, were taken 

into Salley, where they are now in miserable Slavery, under the 

Power of the Infidell, and that their Relations are not able to 

advance a sufficient Ransom for their Redemption, I have therefore 

upon their application unto me, by and with the advice of the 

Council, out of Christian Charity, and in Commiseration of the 

grievous Bondage & Slavery of the said. Persons, granted, & do 

by these presents grant Lisence or Liberty to the said Warner 

Wessells & Antie Christians, to ask and receive the free and 

charitable Benevolence of all Christian People under my 

Government, as well at publick Meetings as private dwelhng 

Houses. And to avoid Irregularity in collecting the same, all 

Ministers or Preachers, where there are Parish Chiu-ches or 

Vol. III. 27 


publick or private Meeting Houses, are required to publish, a 
true Copy of this Grant, by reading thereof openly, and affixing 
thereof afterwards upon the Door or other publick place, and 
admonish the people to Christian Charity^ and at the next Meeting 
shall receive the free Oftering & Benevolence of the people for 
the use above-said. And where no Churches nor Meeting 
Houses are, the Constables are hereby required in their respective 
Precincts, having a true Copy of this Grant, to go abotit and 
collect the Charity of good Christian People for the use above- 
said.' Of all which Benevolence and Charity the said Ministers 
or Preachers and Constables, are to keep a distinct Account, 
which they are to transmit, with what Money they shall collect 
by virtue of tliis Grant, without delay to Stephen Courthmd 'Esq; 
Peter Jacobs Marius^ JoJm Kerhyll & John Kipp, who are hereby 
impowered to receive the same, and transmit the said Money, or 
so much as shall be requisit for the Redemption of the said 
Captives from Slavery, by the best and most convenient means 
and Tray. Provided always. That in case there shall be a 
surplusage above the value of their Redemption, or in case any 
of the said persons shall be dead, or otherwise redeemed, they 
the said Stephen Coiciiland Esq ; Peter Jacobs Marius John Kirhyll 
& John Kip shall be accountable to Me, or to the Governour and 
Commander in chief for the time being, for the sum collected, or 
so much thereof as is left upon their or some of their Redemp- 
tion, that it may be set apart for the like, or otlier pious Uses, 
and for no other use or intent whatsoever. 

Given under my Hand and Seal at Fort William Henry the 8th 
Day 0/ June, 1693. 

Ben. Fletcher. 

The same Lisense or Liberty w^h is given to y® friends of ye 
within named Prisoners . I give likewise to the Petitioner upon 
y« account of Bartholomew Rousston John Crage & William Green 
Sailers taken in ye same Vessell & now Prisoners with them 
The money to be gatliered & disposed of as within directed & 
equally towards y® Redemption of all five Witness my Hand 

.Ben ffletcher. 


At a CouHcill held at his Majties ffort in 
Newjork the 2^ of Decemr 1697. 

Present liis ExcelJ. Benjamin ffletcher &c. 
ffred Pliillips ^ Thomas Willett ^ 

Steph Cortlandt f p ^^ Wilham Pinhorn f^ 

Nicho« Bayard C ^ John Lawrence ? ^ 

Gab: Minvielle ) Caleb Heathcote 3 

The Petition of the Church Wardens and Vestreymen of 
Trinity Church was read and considered, One of the captives 
having escaped is come home, the others are dead onely one, 
named Barthol Houston is removed up into the Country who by 
the report of him who is escaped from Salley cannot be redeem- 
ed ; His Majties Chappell is allmost finished and Trinity Church 
being a Publick structure" erecting for the service of God by the 
Voluntary Contribution of some. people, Which is a publick and 
pious use and much is wanted to finish it. 

It is resolved and agreed, nemine contradicente, that tlie 
money raised by virtue of the Lycense bearing date the 8*^^ day 
of June 1693 for the redemption of the said Captives in Salley be 
applyed to the use of Trinity Church to finish the building 
thereof any former ord^ of Councill Notwithstanding Provided 
always that if it be possible to purcliase the redemption of tke 
said Bartholomew that the Corporation of said Trinity Church 
be accountable for the like sume or so much tliereof as Will 
answer the redemption. 

And it is ordered the first Trustees Coll" Steph: Cortlandt M»^ 
Peter Jacobs T>' Jolm Kerbyle and M'" Johannis ICip doe deliver 
over the Papers and all things relating the s'^ money With full 
pov/er to have use & receive the same to M' Thomas Wenham 
and M^^ Rob* Lurting present Church Wardens of Trinity Church 

Vera Copia 

Extracted out of the Councill Book p^ me 

B : Cossens Clk Councill. 


Cadlx 1 : feb. 1700. 

M s Hero May & William Banker 

We have yours of 5'h Jan. in answer to w^liich the redemption 
of all the English Captives in Barbary is agreed, and Hope in 
few months will bee Compleated, Bartholomew Eushton, and 
William Green are upon the list given in witch the agrement. 
So it will be needles to sollicite now there redemption, and 
besides aneed lesse Charge to there frinds, this negotiation 
suppose it will bee Publicq, so shall not further trouble you 
therewith, butt in anytliing wee can serve you Please Command 

S>8 Your most humble Serv* W : Hodges chri : Hayne & 


The Heern Stephanus van Cortlandt Piter Jacobez Marius 
Johannis kip & Johannis Keryfbyll. 
Myn Heeren 

Our last to you was of the S<^ Jan. 1699 wherein it was stated 
that Bartholomew Rushton and William Green were alive in 
Maquines and through our correspondence at Cadiz, we have 
since used every effort for their redemption, and now lately 
by letter a copy of which is annexed, we have received the 
welcome tidings that in virtue of an agreement obtained by the 
English they will receive their freedom in a few months. There- 
fore we shall have to contribute but little out of the moneys in 
our hands. We shall most gladly be advised how and in what 
manner we are to employ the balance of the money, whetlier in 
the shipment of goods or on drafts which you may please to 
draw. Awaiting which we shall end and remain Avith duft 
respect after our dutiful salutations, 

Myn Heeren Your Dutiful Serves 

Hero May 

Amsterdam, 20 March 1700. William Bancker. 


To liis Excelly Edward Viscount Cornbury Capt*: General! 
and GoV: in Cheif in and over the Province of New York 
New Jersey and Territories Depending thereon in America 
and Vice Admirall of the same &c. 
May it Please your 
In Obedience to yo:' Lords :ps ord:r in Councill of the 18:'*^ 
day of July last past We have perused and Examined the 
Petition of tlie Rector Wardens and Vestry men of Trinity 
Church in New York thereby to us referred togetlier with the 
severall papers thereto annexed, and doe find that the severall 
papers annexed to the said petition Doe make out the allegations 
therein Contained to be true, and are therefore humbly of opinion 
that yo:r Excelly: may well graunt the Prayer of the said 
Petition all which is Nevertheless most humbly submitted to 
your Excelly : by 

My Lord 

Your Excellys; most ffaithfuU 
and Obedient Servants 

Sa : Sh Broughton 
Sew York 14th Rip Van Dam 

August 1704. Tho : Wenham. 


To his Excellency Edward Viscount Cornbury Cap" Genii 
and Gover in cheif of her Maties Provinces of New York 
& New Jersey and tlie Territories depending thereon 
in America and Vice Admirall of tlie same &c. 
The Petition of Cornelius Sebering of Kings County on the 
Island of Nassauw 

That yor Peticon"" is Seized & stands Possessd of a certain farm 
on the Island of Nassauw directly over against the^ center of the 


City of New York, being a most lit k convenient place for being 
a ferry to & from the said City for the transporting of Passen- 
gers goods Wares Merchandises Cattle Corn and other comodi- 
ties to the great ease & benefit of many of the Inhalntants of the 
said City and Island considering the scituacon as aforesaid & can 
be of no hurt or dammage to the old ferry it being not so con- 
venient for that ferry to send theu- boats to the South end and 
Center of the City where he proposes to send his. 

Yo"^ Pet^ therefore humbly prays Yo"" Excys to grant to your 
Pet' her Maties Letters Pattents under the great Seal of this 
Province for Establishing of a ferry over the East River or 
Sound to be limited on the Island of Nassauw on the One Side 
by the old ferry and on the other side by the Fted hook k, on the 
side of New York between the Slip at Cap" Theobalds unto the 
great Bridge for the loading & landing of all persons goods wai-es 
& merchandises except Cattle to be landed at or near the 
slaughter howses (nevertheless not excluding the old ferry boat 
from the places aforesaid) under such regulations & such prises 
for Transportacon & small Quit rent or acknowledgment as to 
yc" Excellency shaU seem meet. 

And yor Pet»' shall ever Pray 


New York 23d Jan'-y 170i. 

We underwritten do believe and are assured that such a ferry 
would be of a considerable advantage to the City & County if 
the Prises for Transportacon be not Excessive. 

Abrah: Gouverneur Daniel Polhemus 

Leonard Lewis Engel bardt Lott 

Leendert huygen de Kleyu Jolm Ditmars 
Joh: Tiebout Yacob houderte 

Henry Swift Fred'rick Symonse 

John Van Brugh Jacobes Oukes 

Martin Clock Philip Nagel 

Andrew Greveuraet Jurre Colyer 

R. Walter Abraham Brouwer 

Johannes hoogiandt Johannis Polhemius 

Chrestapher Beekman Cornelis Coljer 


hendrick vaider heul Daniel Remsen 

Evert Duyckinek Auke Leffertseu 

G. Duyckinek benjamin andrews 

Rutgurt Waldron Lammert 

Abr:Santford Claes Blom 

Bpjijamin Faneuil Cornelis Vander lioeve 

Jean Cazalez Pieter Gerbrantse 

Jolin Auboyneaux Jacob Pardon 

Johannes Burger Benjamin D'liarriette. 


To His Excellency Edward Viscount Cornbury ' Capt* 
General & Governour in Chief of her Majesty s Province 
of New York &c : and Territories depending thereon in 
America and Vice Admiral of the Same &c : 
The humble Petition of the Mayor Aldermen & Common- 
ality of her Majestys City and Corporation of New 
York ' 

Most Humbly Sheweth 

That tlie Inhabitants of the said City ana Corporatiosi for 
Seaveiity years past liave peaceably and quietly PossesM aad 
Efijoy'd Several Rights Liberties PrivIIedges Franchise* Free 
Customs Preheminencys Advantages Jimsdictions Emoluments 
and Immunities Granted and Confirmed unto them by her 
Majestys Royal Ancestors and the divers Governours Authorized 
& Commissioned by them as well as by the several Gov- 
erHOurs Directors and Commanders in Chief of the Nether 
Dutch nation whilst the same was under their power and 
Subjection to the great increase of her Majestys Revenue and 
the Sencible Growth and Advancement of her Majestys said City 
and Province and Among the Rest that of the Ferry between 
the Said City and Nassaw Island (formerly Called long Island) 
and that the loading and landing place of the said Ferry from 


tliis City on Nassaw Island hath been Commonly Esteemed & 
Reputed for seaventy years past to Extend from a heap of Rock 
Stones Gathered together on A small wliarfe or Landing Bridge 
near the ferry house on the Said Island unto the West End of 
the Kill to the Westward of the same and that from high water 
to low water marke for the Accommodation of all Passengers 
and Travellers to and from this City as well as for the loading 
and unloading of wheat and other Provisions wdiich ai*e accus- 
tomed to be there loaded in the ferry boats for the Subsistance 
of the Inhabitants of this City at all times of Tide, wdiich said 
Terry (at the great Charge and Expence of the Inhabitants of 
the said City and Corporation by their Erecting Several Publick 
buildings for the service thereof) is rendred very Commodious 
to all Persons passing the same at Very Easy and Moderate Rates 
and is duely and Regularly kept and attended with able men 
Boats and Scows and without the least Complaint of Omission 
or neglect by any persons whatsoever, the Profltts whereof have 
always been appropriated by this Corporation for the publick 
service of the Government of the said City and is the only 
considerable Income left to support the publick buildings Bridges 
Goals Lan<iing places fire and Candle for their Watches, Sallaryes 
of their officers Bellmen &c ; and to defray the other publick 
and nessessary Charges of the Said City, and was Granted unto 
the Inhabitants of tlie Said City under the Seal of this Province 
in the year 1686 and Confirmed unto them by an Act of General 
Assembly Entituled an act for the Settling Quietting and 
Confirming unto the Citys Towns Mannors and Freeholders 
within this Province their several Grants Patents and Rights 

That your Excellencys Petitioners by your Lordships benign 
favour and goodness understanding that one Cornelius Sebring 
for his own private Lucre and gain is ^soliciting your Lordship 
for her Majestys Grant of another Ferry from Nassaw Island to 
this City and of most of the Landing places now belonging to 
this City designing thereby to make Considerable Improvements 
to Ruine and destroy the present ferry the Chief Income and 
Support of this Corporation for the Prevention whereof your 
ExceHencji Petitioners most humbly Supplicate that your 


Lordship will be favourably pleased to take tlie Premisses into 
your Prudent Consideration and for the reasons aforesaid (the 
many more may be offered to lorlg here to incert) to Eeject the 
unreasonable and unjust Petition of the said Cornelius Sebring, 
wee liaveing an Intire Confidence of your Excellencys Justice and 
goodness that as you have hitherto Protected us in our Just 
Rights and Piiviledges (for which wee Return your Lordship our 
most dutiful! and Gratefull Acknowledgm^s So your Lordship 
will Continue to Countenance and Protect us in the same and 
that you will Ever prefer the publick welfare of so Loyall and 
Considerable a People as this Corporation are before the Interest 
and unjust pretence of a Private Person. 

tfebb 5, 1707. And your Excellencies Petitioners as in 

duty bound shall ever pray &c. 

Ebenezer Willson. 
his Richd Willett 

John Hendrick 8 brevoort ^ t,, 

mark ^ ' -tiiagge 

T: Van Zandt Walter Thong 

Christo Denne John Tuder 

Olfert Svoerts D : Provoost 

Paul Droilhet J B'Riemer 

Petrus Bayard W^ Smith 



To' His Excellency Edward Viscount Cornbury Cap* General 
and Governor in Chief of the Province of New York &c: and 
Territories depending thereon in America and Vice Admiral 
'.if the Same &c; 

The Humble Petition of tlie Mayor Aldermen and 
Commonality of the City of New Y^ork 
^^(.^sT Ha.MBLY Shevveth 
That the Petitioners having a Right and Interest in the Ferry 


from tliis City to Nassaw Island and from tlie said Island to this 
City again and to all the Profitts and Advantages thereof, 
Perceive it to fall much short, of what they might reasonably 
Expect from the same if the bounds & Limitts of the said Ferry 
were Somthing Extended on the said Island side whereby to 
hinder and prevent that priviledge and Liberty which divers 
persons now take of Transporting themselves and goods to and 
from the said Island of Nassaw over the S;;iid River without 
Coming to or Landing at the usual and accustomed places where 
the said ferry Eoats are kept and Appointed to the great 
loss and damage of the Petitioners (the profitts thereof being 
wholy appropriated for the publick service and Government of 
the said City) and itt being obvious to your Petitioners that 
some private persons for their own Lucre and gain have sohcited 
Your Excellency for another ferry on the said Island fronting to 
this City wliich if Granted would be of great damage to tliis 
Corporation and all the Inhabitants thereof as the Petitioners 
humbly conceive would in time not only prove Injurious to the 
Trade and Commerce of this City but also be a means t® lessen 
the Income of her Majestys Revenue Established upon Trade 
to the General decay of the Province (the Improvement thereof 
imployed now in Traflique being scarcely able to maintain the 
Inhabitants Now- in this City whose Hvelyhood does only rely 

Your Excellencjs Petitioners therefore naost humbly pray tkat 
jour Lordship will be favourably pleased to take the preriiiser3 
into your prudent Consideration and order her Majestys Grant 
unto the Petitioners and their Successors for all the Vacant and 
unappropriated Ground on Nassaw Island from High water to 
Low water marke fronting unto tliis City from the place Called 
the Wallabought unto the Red hooke against Nutten Island for 
the better Improvement and accommodation of the Said ferry ; 
and also that yoiu" Excellency would be further i^leased to order 
unto the Petitioners & their Successors her Majestys Grant of 
Confirmation for the said ferry on both sides of the said River 
with power to Estabhsh one or more ferrys if there shall be 
occasion and to make by-Laws for the more orderly Regulation 
thereof at such Reasonable Rates and under such Mod,erate quitt 


Rent as your Lordship in your great prudence sliall see meet. 
And your Excellencies Petitioners as in duty bound shall ever 
pray &c 

W'« Smith Ebenezer Willsox 

Christo: Denne Jolm Tuder 

John hendrt 8 breevoort D Provoost 

Paul Droihiet jRichd Willett 

Olfert Svoerts J J) -. Riemer 

E. Blagge 
April 8th 1708 Read and granted k a Warrt to be prepared 
for the Attorney Gen" to draw a Patt. 

A Full & just Discovery of the weak & 

slender foundation of a most Pernicious 

S L A N D E E 

Raised against the 

French Protestant Refugees 

Inhabiting the Province of ^^ew- York generally, but more 
particularly affecting 

Capt. Benjamin Faneiiil, 

A Person of considerable note amongst them. 

rrintcd and Publisliorl by Lisence of his Excellencj^ Eriward Yiscount Cornbnry, 

Capt. General and Goveniour in chief of the said Province, in favour 

of Justice. 

To Ills Excellency Edioard Viscount Ccn-nbury, Captain 
General and Governoui' in chief of the Provinces of 
New-York, New- Jersey, and the Territories depending 
thereon in .America and Vice Admii^al of tlie same. 
The Humble Peiiiion of some of the French Protestant 
Refugees Inhabiting in the City of New-York, in behalf 
if themselves and others. 
Humbly sheweth unto your Excellency : 
That there is lately arrived in tliis city one Morris Jfeioinhvysmy 


who, iu the year 170G, being Mate on board a Vessel bound from 
hence to England, was taken by the French, and made Prisoner 
of War. 

That since his arrival a very infamous, pernicious, and detes- 
table Report is clandestinely and industriously spread abroad 
amongst the Inhabitants of tliis City and Province, of a certain 
Correspondence said to be maintained by some of the French 
Protestants here, with the Inhabitants of France, tending to tlie 
taking and destruction of this City by her Majesties declared 
Enemies, which has been discovered by the said Xewenhuysen by 
Letters which were found (as is said) on boai'd the said Vessel, 
and were by him seen, opened, and read after his being taken. 
Which your Excellencys Petitioners are in great hopes will prove 
altogether false and untrue. It b^ng a Crime of so high a nature 
in it self, and so much abhorred by your Excellencys Petitioners, 
and being as yet unable, by legal Proof, to fix tins Slander and 
Infamy on any particular Person, and so very uneasie under so 
general an Accusation, and having good reason to believe that it 
takes its original and rise from the said Morris JVeioinhuysen, 
They therefore make their humble Application to your Excellency^ 
humbly praying^ may it please your Excellency to cause the 
said Morris Newinhuysen, and all others v)ho may appear 
concerned^ to be strictly examined upon the same Report^ that 
if ^^^y ^^^^^ Offenders, in this respect, be found out, they may 
be punished according to the nature of their Crime, and the 
innocent be protected and secured from the great Damage and 
hurt of the Infamy of so vile and great a Crime, in such Methods 
as shall seem most agreeable to your Excellencys great Pru- 
dence and Justice. Jlnd your Petitioners, as in duty bound, 
shall ever pray, 8fc. 

Stephen D'Lancey, Paul Droilet, 

Elias Nezereau, Augustus Jay, 

Feb. 10, 170f. Abraham Jouneau, Jean Cazale, 

Thomas Bayeux, Benjamin Faneuil. 

Elias Neau, 

Morris Jfewinhuysen of the City of JVm- York, Marriner, being 
Sworn on the Holy Evangelists, saith, That being Master of the 


Sloop Constant Abigail^ whereof John Van Brugk was Capt. lie 
was taken in the said Sloop the 9'^ of November, 1706, about 
fifty Leagues of Scilly^ by a Frcncli Privateer. That after he 
was taken, one John Thompson Eoatswain of tlie Sloop, & one of 
the French-men belonging to the Privateer, Avere together in the 
Cabbin of the Sloop, opening the Letters, in hopes to find a 
piece of Money, lor he could not read. That the said Thompso?i 
reading the Superscriptions of some of the said Letters, found 
some directed for France, whereupon, so soon as the said French- 
men w^ent out of the Cabbin, the said Thompson called this 
Deponent to come into tlie Cabbin to liim, where there Avas a 
Candle burning. That Thomp)son told tliis Deponent, there was 
some Letters dh-ected for France, which he desired the Deponent 
to read, because, perhaps, they might find some Bills of Exchange 
in them ; whereupon the Deponent looking on the Letters he 
found some of them were not signed, and said, he believed there 
was Roguery in them, because they were not signed. That 
amongst those Letters there was one pretty near tlu-ee sides, 
wherein was something mentioned, according to the best of this 
Deponents understanding, to this effect, That if the French 
Squadron that took JYevis, had come hither, they would liave 
met with less resistance. That the Letter being writ in French, 
and the Deponent understanding very little of that Language, 
he could not make out the wliole sence of the Letter. That 
this Deponent told Thompson what he understood of the Letter, 
and said he believed there was more to the like effect, but 
Thompson teUing Mm the Frenchmen were coming into the 
Cabbin, the said Thompson threw the Letters over board for fear 
there might be something in them that migiit be prejudicial to 
A''ew- York. That the said Letter was directed to Rochell, but 
does not remember to whom. That the writing of the said 
Letter was like the hand- writing of Capt. Benjamin Faneuil, 
which this Deponent has several times seen, before he saw the 
said Letter, but cannot say that he wrote it. That this Deponent 
likewise saw at 'the same time several other Letters directed to 
France, which seemed by the character to be writ by several '' 
persons, two of which said Letters were signed by Piere Bontecou 
but that he read neither of the said Letters signed by the said 


Bontecou. This Deponent further saith, That by the said Capt 
van Bruo-/is direction, he lookt over tlie Letters sent fi-om this 
place, on board the said Sloop, for England, and put them into a 
Bag, and the Bag into the said van Brugh'S Chest, but that he 
did not then perceive any Letters directed to France. — That this 
Deponent, about a day or two after he saw the said van Brugken 
in France, he acquainted him with what he had discovered in 
the aforesaid letter. And further tliis Deponent saith not. 


Sworn before a Committee of the Council, 
the 25th of February 1707. 

Geo. Clarke. 
Mew-York, April 19, 1708. 
The afore-written is a true Copy of the Original in 
my Office, 

Geo. Clarke. 

John van Brugh of the City of New- York, Marriner, being 
sworn upon the holy Evangelists, saith. That he sailed from this 
Port of New-York in the year 1706, Master of the Sloop Constant 
Ahigal, That he was taken by a French Privateer about 50 
Leagues from the Lands end of England, on or about the 9tliday 
of November, 1706, Morris JViewe?ihuysen being at that ttme his 
Mate. That the first time the Deponent saw th« said Morris 
JYiewenhuysen, after they were carried to France, tlie said 
JVieioenhuysen told him that one Johii Thompson (who was Boat- 
swain of the said Sloop) found some Letters on board the said 
Sloop directed to France, under cover to some persons in 
England. That he likewise told him, tlie Contents of the said 
Letters were to this effect, That if the French would oome to 
New- York, the place lay in a disorder. That the said John 
Thompson likewise informed him to the same effect, but that not 
nnderstanding French, he told this Deponent, he had his infor- 
mation from the said Morris JVieivenhuysen. This Deponent 
further saith, Tliat lie then askt the said Morris JYiewenhuysen 
if ]ie knew whose writing tlic said Letters were? To which he 
answered, They were very like the handwriting of Capt. Faneuil, 


but there being no Name subscribed to the Letters, he could not 
certainly tell whose hand-writing they were. That the said 
Morris Mewenhuysm and John Thompson also told this Deponent, 
that they tlu-ew the Letters over board for fear they should fall 
into the hands of the French. ■ 

John Van Brugh 
Sworn before a Committee of the Council^ 
the 24th of Fihruary, 1708. 

Geo. Clarke. 

'Vety York^ April 29, 1708. 
The above written is a true Copy of the Original inmy Oifice. 

Geo. Cl^^rke. 

May it please your Excellency: 

In obedience to yoiu- Excellency's Order "in Council of the 
12th instant, Keferring to us the Examination of and into a Re- 
port lately spread about, concerning some Letter or Letters 
lately sent to France, giving an account of the condition of this 
place. We have taken the Deposition of John van Brugh and 
Muurice Mewenhuysen, which we have hereunto annixt, and 
whereto we refer. 

We likewise Report to your Excellency, that we showed to 
the said Maurice Mewenhicysen a Letter writ in French, and a 
French Book, and that he imderstood very little or nothing of 
cither of them. 

Your Lordships most Obedient Servants, 

Tiio. Wenham, 
R. Mompesson, 

New-York, Feb. 25, 1707. John Barborie. 

At a Council lield at Fort- Anne in New York 
the 4th day of March, 1707-8, 
Present— i^/5 Excellency Edward Viscount Cornbury. 
Rip van Dam, • ) John Barborie ) 

Thomas Wenliam, j ^''^''- Adolph Philhpse, J ^'^''• 
His Excellency aiid Council liaving considered the Deposi 


tions of Maurice JViewenhuysen and John van Brugh concerning a 
Letter writ from lience to France^ and taken in tlie Sloop Con- 
stant Jibigalj giving some account (as is said) of the condition 
of this place, do declare unanimously. That they do not think 
that there is any ground to suspect Capt. Fanmil of holding a 
Correspondence with France, nor to prosecute him here on the 
aforesaid Depositions. 

By Order of His Excellency in Council, 

Geo. Clarke. 

To His Excellency Edward Viscount Cor7ihury, Captain 
General and Governoui* in chief of the Provinces of 
New- York, New- Jersey, and tlie Territories depending 
thereon in America, and Vice-Admiral of the same. 
The humble Petitmi of some the French Protestant Eefugees 
Inhabiting in the City of JYew-York, in behalf of themselves 
and the rest of like Circumstances in the Province. 
Humbly Sheweth unto your Excellency y 

That upon their former petition on tliis behalf, your Excel- 
lency was graciously pleasexi to search out the bottom and 
foundation of a certain false Rumour, in clandestine manner 
spread abroad, of some of the Inhabitants, Petitioners, having 
held and maintained a Correspondence with some of the Inhab- 
itants of the kingdom of France, discovering the weakness of the 
strength and Fortifications of this Province, and how easily it 
might be made a Conquest to the French, her Majestys declared 
Enemies, (a Crime so detestible in its nature, and so much 
abhorred by your Excellency's Petitioners,) and having found 
the same to prove false and abortive, your Excellency was also 
graciously pleased to communicate the same to the honourable, 
the Gentlemen of Her Majestys Privy Council for this Province, 
in' Council, for their Opinion thereupon; For which your Excel- 
lencys Petitioners do retui-n to your Excellency their most 
humble and hearty Thanks. 

But so it is, may it j)lease your Excellency, that the Rumour 
thereof, by process of time, and other means, has, in a strange 
manner, overspread the whole Province. And altlio' it be 


variously Reported, and with great Uncertainty, yet it is of 

pernicious Consequence to all the French Refugees in general. 

and disturbs their peace and quiet, and obstructs that uifection 

and familiarity which they had formerly enjoyed with the other 

Inhabitants of this Province, to their just Grief and Resentment. 

They therefore humbly Pray, May it please your Excellency, 

To give direction to the Secretary to let them have the Copys 

of all Minits and Entries made relating to that Search and 

Inquiry, with the Opinion of your Excellency and Council 

thereupon, or so much thereof as to your Excellency, in your 

great Prudence, shall seem meet, together with a Lisence to 

the Printer to imprint the same, in order to he published for 

the clearing and vindicating of their Reputation in this 

Respect. And your Excelleyicy'' s Petiticmers, as in all Duty 

hound, shall ever pay, ifc. 

Stephen D'Lancey, Daniel Cromelin, 
Elias Nezereau, John Auboyneau, 

Abraham Jouneau, Francis Vincent, 

Thomas Bayeaux, Alexander Allaire, 

Paul Droilet, Benjamin Faneiiil. 

. Jean Cazale, 

March 9, 1707. 


To His Excellency Edward Viscount Cornbury Cap* Gen'> 
& Gov in Chiefe of y^ Provinces of New York New 
Jersey and Territories Depending Thereon in America 
& Vice Admiral! of y«^ same &c in Councill. 
The humble Petition of James Laborie minister of y® 
french Church in y^ City of New York 

That yoi": Excellency s Petition's : predecessor's: minisfs of y^ 
s^ Churcli have been allowed a Yearly Sallary of Twenty Pounds 
pr- ann. out of ye Revenue of this Province & yo': Excellency s 
Petitioner having been minister thereof from May last 
Vol. III. 28 


Humbly pra} s yo'" Excellency to grant unto yoi": Petition': 
Will r's 11)1' y^ Like Sallary Payable quarterly out of y^ revenue 
and yo»" Excellencys Petitioner as in Duty Bound shall Ever 
pray &c. 

James Laborie 

Read in Council 13^^ Dec. 1709 and granted. 


To his Excellency, Robert Hunter Esq^" Cap* Generall ana 

Governor in cheefe of the Provinces of New- York, New Jersey 

and Territories thereon depending in America and Vice 

Admirall of the same etc., In Councill. 

The Humble Petition of Abraham Delucena Minister of the 
Jewish Nation Residing at the City of New- York. 

That yo"" Petitioners Predecessors, ministers of the Jewish 
Nation, resideing at the City of New York, by reason of their 
ministerial fifunction, have from time to time beene Exempted 
by ye Government, not only ; from bearing any Of&ce Civil or 
Military within this City : but likewise beene Excus'd from 
severall Duties and Services Incumbent upon the Inhabitants of 
this city. 

Wherefore yo' Petitioner most humbly beggs yo^ Excellencies 
care of him (in Consideration of his ministeriall ffunction) That 
hee may likewise be excused from all such Offices, duties and 
services, and be allowed the like Priviledges and advantages 
within this city, as have formerly beene Granted to his said 
Predecessors, as Ministers as aforesaid. And that yo^ Excellency 
will be pleased to Give such Directions in the premises as to yo"^ 
Excellency shall seem meet. 

And yoJ^ Excellencies Petitioner as in Duty bound shall ever 
pray etc. 

New York * Abraham De Lucena. 

13th Sept' 1710. 


Read in Council 18*^ Sept and referred to Cap' Walters and 
M'' Mompesson to examine and make their report. 

%• Here it may not be out of place perhaps to record the fact, that in 1729, 
Noe WiUey, of London, gave a deed to his three sons, merchants in Ncvv-Yorl^ 
of a certain lot fronting on what is now Chatham, Oliver, Henry and Catherine 
Sts. to be used as a Jewish burial ground, and in the year following a trust was 
created providing " that the said land shall forever remain as a burial place for 
the Jewish Nation, and to no other use whatever." On its ceasing to be used 
for that purpose a quit claim deed of it was executed to the Jewish Congrega- 
tion, Shearith Israel, by one Isaac Gomez Jr. The Tradesmens' Banking house 
is erected on part of the property. There was a suit at law last year before the 
Superior Court (old Branch) of the City of N. Y. in which the history of this 
property was brought up and investigated. The decision was rendered in the- 
beginning of July. Ed. 


My Lord 

If we are the last of your L'^ ships Diocese who come to con- 
gratulate your L^ ships promotion to the See of London, yet we 
are as sincere in our Joy on that occasion as those much happier 
people who enjoy your L^ships nearer influence, for it is with 
very good reason we hope, that we of this Province are not des- 
tined very long to be the only part of the Xtian world that is 
insensible of the great sway which your L'' ships wisdom holds 
in all the affairs of Church and State in Great Erittain and its 
Dominions, and it is from Your L^ships high station in both we 
draw this happy conclusion in our own favour, that when your 
L^ship is informed (as we think it our bounden duty you should 
be) of the true state of the Church in this place, that then we 
who have been brought up in her faith, & continue steadfast in 
her Communion, shall receive such encourageoient and protec- 
tion from your L^'sliip as may enable us to preserve peace and 
union amongst ourselves, and to maintain our blessed Religion 
in that state here which our open enemies repine at, and to 
whose prejudice those who are secretly abetted by them are 
takeing large steps. 

My Lord, we are sensible it were not fit or becoming us to 


trespass on your time if any other than the cause of Goil and 
the Church required it, but that hath given us courage to lay 
the follovving Representation before your L<^s]iip, whicli in most 
dutyfull manner we humbly recommend to that charitable care 
which your L'^ship is accustomed to extend to all those over 
whom Gcd Almighty hath appointed you. 

My Lord, we believe it is not unknown to your L^ship in what 
manner this Province is on all sides surrounded by New England, 
Connecticut, Road Island, and otlier places, all wliich are cliiejfly 
mhabited by professed Dissenters from the Church of England, 
a set of men whose forefathers had a high hand in that wicked rebel- 
lion which at the same time destroyed the Church and Monarchy of 
England^ and that they still retain the very same pri7iciplcs, and 
'profess the many various reUgions of their Ancestors ; the Presby- 
terian, the Anabaptist, tlie Independent, and the Quaker liave 
each a large lot in this Continent, and such seems to be the 
combination amongst them (however they may differ in other 
matters) tliat they doe not willingly suffer any other plants to 
take root here. . My Lord, these Sectary s have spread them- 
selves so w^idely, are grown so numerous in Nortli America, and 
are so firmly seated, tliat wee of the Communion of the established 
church seem strangers in tlie land, and as if our worship were 
of such a foreign growtli that it alone wanted the support of a 
royal hand. Neitlier My Lord is this Province begirt only with 
Colony s a7id Commonwealths of these men, but they grow up and 
thrive in the very midst of Her, Her few Countys are divided 
between dissenters, English^ Dutch, and French, and were it not 
for the pious bounty of the venerable Society for the Propagation 
of the Gospel in foreign parts the places remote from tliis 
the metropolis would not have one church for the reception of 
such as are inclined to embrace the worship of the Cluu-cli of 
England, from hence wee humbly conceive that your L^ship Avill 
readily believe what difhcultys the country missionaries labour 
under either at first to gather a congregation from the eneniies of 
the church, or to keep it together when gatliered, — and tliat it 
requires men of exemplary lives, sound learning, and a mild 
disposition to gain converts here, or to preserve tliem when 
gained, and God be praised for it many of the missionaries are 


blessed with these endowments, and have reaped a plentifull 
harvest in their several} districts — but the unhappy conduct of 
one M'' Francis Philips lately sent by the Society to Stratford in 
New England has on the other hand done an irrepairable injury 
to the estabhshed church in a place where there was a very 
great appearance of its increase. » 

My Lortl, we most devoutly wisli tliat we could say more of 
tlie pr(^gress of the Cliurch in this city, that we coukl tell your 
L''sliip that Her Majesty's Royal benefactions seconded by your 
L'' ship's Kiglit Reverend Predecessor and the ca}e of some of 
our Excellent Governours had met with the desired success, 
it is true indeed My Lord (and we rejoice to say it) that we have 
here a thriving Cliurch of the estabblished worship, that the 
same cliurch enjoys a charter with ample priviledges, ynd that 
our minister is made happy in his function by a large stipend 
here and tiie enjoyment of a certaine Ifarme called the Queen's 
flkrme which his Excellence Brigadier Hunter lias consented the 
Church shall possess during Ids stay in this Government, out of 
which M'' Vesey is allowed =£20 p annum, which in all with 
perquisites is computed at X300 per annum. 

My L(n-d, tlie reputation and interest of this clnirch (on the 
conduct of wliose members more particularly the dissenters have 
a very watchfuU.eye) being very dear to us and of the greatest 
importance to our present and future state, we humbly beg your 
L^'sliips leave to goe a little lather in the account of it titan its 
present condition, that your L^ship may judge whether at this 
day we not better adhere strictly to our charter, and the 
antient rules by which till very lately we have walked, thftn by 
altering ouj- conduct introduce such innovations as may end iu 
divisions fatal to us, and such as our posterity will lind many 
difficultys to reconcile. 

My Lord, when this Province was taken by the English in the 
year 10G4, there was left in it a small Garrison of Eriglisli Soldiers 
who liad a clinplain allow'd upon the est;tl)lishnient ; in the Ibrt 
at New York (the seat of our Governours) was a large church 
wherein t'e Lutch inhabitcuits in th.eir own way and hinguago 

ITlic orifrinal read,— .w that si 'e vherethc DiserJin! wont feared a blou;—bui 
llt.s WHS SCO <•.! <Mt, anil ihe passajje alieied Uy another liancl ' 


performed tlieir worship, that ended, the Chaplain read Divine 
service according to the Liturgy of the Church of England to 
the Governour and Garrison in tlie same place, and this was all 
the footing that the Church of England as by law established 
had in this Province until 1693, about wliich time the Governour 
granted to tlie Dutch Elders and Deacons in New York a charter 
of incorporation, and for the free exercise of their own worship, 
and persuaded them to build a cliurch for themselves out of the 
Fort, whicli they did. About the same time he prevailed with. 
the Assembly to make provision by an act for the maintenance 
of one good sufficient Protestant Minister for this place at .£100 
per An: to wliich ,£60 per annum has been since added ; and in 
that bill the election of ten Vestrymen and two Church Wardens, 
to be chosen by the freeholders for putting the s^ act in execution, 
was provided for. 

In the year 1697 Coll : Fletcher the Governour by his example 
and countenance, promoted the building of Trinity Church in 
New- York by voluntary contribution, and placed in it the present 
incumbent M^ Vesey, who was at that time a dissenting preacher 
on Long Island, he had received his education in Harvard 
College under that rigid Independent Increase Mather, and was 
sent from tlience by him to confirm the minds of those who had 
removed for their convenience from New England to this 
Province, for Mr. Mather haveing advice that there was a Minister 
of the Established Church of England come over in quality of 
Chaplain of the forces^ and fearing that the Common prayer and 
the hated ceremonies of our Church might gain ground^ he spared 
no pahis or care to spread the warmest of hi^s emissaries through 
this Province, but CoU : Fletcher who saw into this design took 
off M' Vesey by an invitation to this [i^ecifor^/JLiveing, a promise 
to advance his stipend considerably, and to recommend him for 
holy orders to your L^" ships Predecessor, all which was performed 
accordingly, and M'" Vesey returned from England in Priest's 
orders. Coll Fletcher did likewise incorporate the members of 
the Church of England by a Charter under the seal of the 
Province with sundry powers and priviledges, more particularly 
to consist of the Rector, two Cliurch Wardens, and twenty 
Vestry men whereof the Church Wardens and Vestry men were 


annually to be elected in Trinity Church after divine service on 
Easter tuesday by the majority of voices of Inhabitants being of 
the Communion of the Church of England as by Law Established, 
and upon the deatli or removal of any of the members at any 
other time upon publick notice to be given in the church by tlie 
like majority of voices otliers to be chosen in the church in their 
room to keep up the number until tlie Anniversary Election. 

My Lord, the regular observation of this Estabblishment has 
for many years kept the enemys of our Church out of its bosom, 
we would be understood My Lord that whilst the elections of 
Church Wardens and Vestrymen was made in presence of all 
the communicants it was impossible to bring such a majority of 
ill men into power as would entertain a thought prejudicial to 
the Church, but My Lord wee see that by tui-ning ever so little 
aside from that path we are led into a Labyrintli of evil, for in a 
late instance our excellent rules and orders haveing been brok 
tlirough and our charter slighted, a private choice has been made 
of such men into the vestry as we fear have already combined to 
doe the Church some signal injury. 

My L^J, we must entreat your Li^ ships patience wliile we relate 
the unprecedented manner of this clioice. In 1713 a Vestry 
being called it was proposed to them by M^' Vesey that M^ 
Francis Philips who had deserted his cure at Stratford, and had 
done some things here which obliged him to abscond, sliould be 
favoured by them with a certificate of his good beliaviour 
directed to the people of the Church of England at Philadelphia. 
This was disputed by many of the Vestry, and absolutely refused 
by some of the members who were men of estabblished reputa- 
tion in this place, but however a majority at last prevailed for 
it : and at the same time M"" Vesey also prevailed witli ye same 
majority to make a vote for electing among tliemselves (contrary 
to the rules of the Charter) New Members in the room of such 
as should not attend the meeting of the Vestry. And some time 
afterward finding that whilst those Gentlemen who opposed tlmt 
certificate continued in the vestry it would be impossible to carry 
all his points there, secretly called as many of the Vestry together 
as he thouglit fit and told them that four absent Gentlemen 
''indeed not summond) declined to attend the service of the 


Cluirch any longer, and therefore desired them to proceed to a 
new clioice wliich was accordingly done in a Tavern, and four 
of the meanest of tlie people elected to supply a pretended 
Vacancy, wliich we fear will never be so well filled again. 

My Lord we think ourselves much injured in tliis affair, and 
what is of the last consequence we think that the Churcli will 
soon feel the effects of this proceeding, if it has not already done 
so, for on tlie last Easter tuesday when the Communicants after 
service went up to the Altar according to custom to proceed to 
a new clioice, after four candidates were put up for Church 
Wardens, tlie body of the Communicants divided themselves to 
either liand as they designed to vote, the Rector being within 
the Rails, and seeing us who are the subscribers all on one side 
said loudly, I hope you doe not intend to bring down the officers 
of the Garrison upon us. We replyd (some few of us haveing 
tlie honour to serve Her Majesty here) that wee did not under- 
stand what he meant by tli« words before expressed, that we 
were Communicants in the same Church, and that we hoped he 
did not intend by the word You to distinguish Us as a separate 
congregation, for such a division would be fatal to the Church, 
and any tiling that looked like a design that way would better 
become the mouth of an enemy than that of our Spiritual Pastor. 
After some other passionate and indiscreet behaviour shewed 
towards us by this unhappy Gentleman we proceeded to the 
choice, which (some few^ persons excepted) fell on the meanest 
sort, for My Lord, it seems the common people haveing seen 
four of their number chosen in a lawless opposition to four of the 
best rank in the late private election, were resolved to give this 
publick demonstration that they thought it high time, and this a 
fit opportunity to bring more of themselves into a share of 

My Lord, we must not omit to acquaint your Lordship of the 
danger that may be apprehended from this choice, for if such 
mean persons are elected into the Vestry as can be bound eithei 
by art or interest, we have a great deal to fear from their weak- 
ness, the Dutcli and French congregations being both very 
numerous compared with our very small one in this place, and 
if ever we should be so unhappy as to see the Church (which 


God forbid) under a Guardian less affectionate to lier tlian Her 
present Miijesty, we fear she might be in daiiger here from the 
unskillfulness or insincerity of those under whose direction her 
aflairs may tlien happen to be, for though these foreign congre- 
gations live very quietly and cliaritably witli us at present, yet 
we dare not trust too far to foreigners, having no instance of any 
favour from our own dissenters. 

My Lord, wee also beg leave farther to tell your L''ship that 
this expression of M'' Vesey at the Altar lias a farther design in 
it as wee leare, and that in places of publick conversation lie 
frequently takes occasion to separate us the Subscribers from 
himself and some others by revileing us witli tlie name of Schis- 
maticks, which liow unreasonable in its self, unjust to us, and 
pernicious it is to the peace and union of the Churcli we most 
humbly submit to your L^^ship on the fbHowiiig relation. 

After Coll Fletcher had obtained of tlie Hutch to build them- 
selves a Church in the town, lie pulled d^wn tlie old one in the 
Fort, and in its room built a chfsppel lur ti.e use of the Garrison, 
and his own family, wliich Cha[)pel after 'lis removal from the 
Government, remained Mt some limes iK-glected, and at others 
converted into a store liouse f .r fire wo d, till t!ie arrival of his 
Excellence Brigadier Hunter, who soon repaired and beautify ed 
it, and caused divine service to be consran ly performed in it by 
the Reverend M'' Sharpe, C!iap!a:n to tlie tlbrces, whic'i gave 
great satisfaction to many of tiie C .urch of England, and espe- 
cially such who wanted accommodation in Trinity C:.urch 
(where Pews are not to be purchased but at a very high rate) 
and were forced sometimes to ohseiU t. 'wins elves from divine service^ 
which now they need not doe, haveing now a place of worship 
to resort unto where all degrees are seated without price or 
reward. My Lord, the greater part of us have frequently 
received the L''^ Supper with our jiresent Governour in t lat 
chappel as well as in the chui-ch, and shall continue to doe so 
(though this be the Schism of which we are accused by M'" 
Vesey) til we are convinced of our err^r by better argumenis 
than any he has yet produced. 

My Lord, though we are jiot vi i-sed in controversy, yet some 
of us ha\e desired to know of him whether the Unity of the 


Chiircli consists in the Identity of place; whether those who 
serve God in a place consecrated to divine service under the 
same form and discipline prescribed by the Established Church 
of England, and receive the Communion in the same manner, 
from the same Ministers, and under the same Bishops as by her 
we are directed, can be called Schismaticks because we some- 
times goe to this chappel where we are sure to have a discourse 
equally edifying, and in that alone differing from him. 

My Lord he has been told that there is the Parish Church of 
S^ James's and there is also a chappel of Her Majesty in the 
same Parish, at both which the same Reverend Prelates have 
often administered the holy sacrament, and the same pious 
persons have frequently communicated, yet wee never heard of 
any so uncharitable as to use the word Schism on such occasion. 

My Lord, the unhappy temper of the unfortunate man, if it 
does not meet with some restraint from your L^ships charity and 
goodness towards this infant Church will ruin the promising 
beginnings which are already made towards its growth and 
establishment. For the spreading of such false doctrine as what 
we have repeated to youi- L^^ship, and what is daily inforced to 
ignorant people here, gives great joy to those who would gladly 
see us as realy^ Schismaticks as we are reported to be. 

My Lord, it were no difficult matter for us who are thus 
calumniated to find proper and severe yet legal remedys against 
this Gentleman, and if wee were so inclined 'twere not impossi- 
ble to make him very uneasy on the fore mentioned breach of 
the Church's charter, but, my Lord, we thank God (who has 
inspired us with a more Xtian temper than so to doe the work 
of our Adversary) that youi* Lordship can and we doubt not 
will use more etfectual methods for his and our preservation ; 
and indeed, My Lord oui' condition is deplorable, if while your 
L^'ship is with so great honour and success cultivating the arts 
of peace throughout all the world, our poor Cluirch alone should 
want the blessing of your Lordship's healing hand. 

The state of the Church in General in this Province and of 
this place in particular being such as is before described. We 
were always of opinion that a steady adherence to its discipline 
and worship, a strict union and brotherly affection among its 


members, and a constant conformity to the rules and directions 
of our Charter, were the best means to maintain our footing, 
and the most likely to Enlarge the Borders of the Church and 
disappoint the designs of our Enemys, being situated in the 
midst of great numbers of tliem. Wee submitt to yo'^ Lordships 
Judgement the consequences of M' Vesey's Conduct in pro- 
claimeing ' in the ears of a dissenting world such as this is that 
the fitting up of the Queen's Cliappel in a decent manner which 
before was a Bear yard for the worship of Almig'nty God accord- 
ing to the usage of the Church of England was a Scliism ; how 
proper it is for any man that has the interest of our Church at 
heart to break through our Constitution, and by the help of a 
Vestry chiefly composed of the meaner sort of people (fur what 
other purposes God knows) trample upon our Rights, Whether 
any but an avowed Enemy could have done so much towards 
making an unhappy division between our Communicants as M"^ 
Vesey did the last Election of Chui-ch Wardens and Vestrymen, 
Saying as beforemenconed publicly in the Church, I hope you 
dont think to bring the officers of the ffort upon us ; it is true 
some of us have the honor to serve her Majesty, and there have 
been few years in which some of the officers have not been in 
the Vestry, but why that terme of Distinction was used wee doe 
not understand ; there were then in the Church not above three or 
four {our selves excepted) that were not of Mr. Veseifs former 
vestry — these he separated to himself and those must be the persons 
intended by Mr. Vesey'^s us so that whoever else of the Communi- 
cants thought fit to come and give their votes must be lookt upon 
as men of a contrary interest; a hard censure if the interest they 
had in view was that of the Church. We are unwilling to Imagine 
that Mr. Vesey has any of the old Leven of hidependency yet 
lurking within him, God forbid that Interest should be the motive 
to any mark's Conformity — but we wish he would act m,cre 
circumspectly that he would think better of those who have been bred 
up in the Church of England and have always shewn a zealous 
affection for her. We have at present a very flourishing Church, 

1 OriginaUy written — "If we have any false brethren, any private Enemies 
to our peace and Holy Church it is much to be lamented; we know we have a 
very imprudent pastor, for would any man that is otherwise proclaim" — 


and all means should be used to preserve it. We have yet no 
dissenting Congregation of English in the Tovm^ which we fear 
makes ours larger then it would he if there was one^ and how 
deplorable a folly would it be to raise one out of our own dissentions. 
We humbly beg your Lord? to take this our Representation in 
to your Consideration and to apply such Ghostly counsel and 
Remed}S as in your Great wisdom you shall judge requisite. 

Note. — The passages in the above address printed in Italics are scored out of 
the original. The last paragraph is in Governor Hunter's handwriting. It will 
be well to compare it with Gov: Hunter's Letter to the Sec: of the Soc: for 
Prop: the Gospel, dated 2oth Feb. 1711-12, which is inserted ante among the 
"Papers relating to Queens Co." together with other documents illustrative of 
the State of the Church about that lime. Ed. 


At a Meeting of y^ Councill in New York ye ll^h 
day of ilebruary 1713. In ye absence of his Excelled 
Present Coll DePevster M'" Barberie 
Capt Walter M"" Phillips 

Mr Van Dam 
Upon Information that Trinity Church in this City was on 
Tuesday night last broke Open and diverse things belonging to 
y*^ said Churcli taken away & Spoiled and y^ Board being 
Informed that one William Dobbs Sexton of y® said Churcli cold 
give some account thereof 

Ordered y^ said Dobbs be sent for who being Called in & 
Examined saith as followeth : — 

That yesterday morneing being y« Tenth of ffebruary Instant, 
tlie suti being about halfe an hour high he sent his Boy as usual 
every morning to y<= Church to see if all was well, who Imediately 
Returned & told him y^ Church was broke open, Whereupon he 
went to y*-' Churcli, and in y® Church Yard jr y^ Nrvrth corner 
of }^ Church found a peise of y« Surpliss l>i'i)ig, ivM seveiall 
peices more thereof near y« Steeple In one of wiiich pei'.-essome 
persons had Eased themselves, And looking tartlier found two 
Common Prayer Books and two Psalm Bouks lyeing io ye Church 


Yard which he beheved had beene taken out of y« Church One 

whereof belonged to y- Reverend M^' Vesey Rector of the said 

Church, and used to lye in his Reading Desk, And ye Exaniinant 

opening y® Steeple Doore found y^ Belfry Window which had 

beene Boarded up was broke open by some person by ye help of 

three large Stones sett up with out side of tlie Steeple to hoist 

them to y® said Window, and ye Examinant goeing to y^ Vestry 

Room, found y^ whole pannell of y^ Vestry Window was broke 

Open, and perceived that one of y^ Surplices which had beene 

left there, was taken away, being y^ same that he soe found tore 

to peices in y® Church yard as aforesaid, But y® other Surpliss 

remained in y^ Vestry Room One of y« sleeves Whereof being 

tore otf and y® body Ript up, and two or three Drops of Blood 


The mark of 

William Dobbs. 

At a Meeting of y^ Councell 

New York 12th Feb^ 1713. 
Present, as before. 
The Councill sent for & Examined several persons relateing 
to y^ Sacriledge lately Committed in Trinity Church & Abraham 
Wandell & John Cruger Esq" Aldermen & Justices of y*-' Peace 
for this City being likewise present declared they had sent for & 
Examined diverse persons at their houses who tliey were 
Informed were out at publick houses in the City y^ Greatest part 
of that night ye sacrilegious ffacts were Committed in Trinity 
Church, But cold not make any discovery of ye Authors of y« 
said Villanies. 


To the Hon'-ble the Gentlemen of her Majties Councill for 
the Province of New York in America. 
The humble Petition of William Vesey Rector of 
Trinity Church in the City of New York. 
Humbly sheweth unto yo^ Honors 

That on Tuesday night last some wicked and sacrilegious 


person or persons haveing broke into the North Window of the 
steeple of t!ie said Church, and broke down the window of the 
Vtistry Kooni did cutt or tare of the sleeve of one of the surplices 
that Avas in the said Roome, and did rend and tare another to 
pieces, and not being contented with that, did carry the same 
surplices witli several Common prayer Bookes & psalm Bookes 
into the Church yard, and haveing spread the surplice on the 
Ground, and put the Common prayer Bookes, and psalm bookes 
Round it, left tlieir ordure on the Sacred Vestment, as the greatest 
outrage, and most Villanous indignity they cou'd offer to the 
Cluirch of England and her holy Priesthood, & in defiance of 
God and all Religion. 

The indefatigable Care and diligence yof Honors and the 
Aldermen of this City have used to discover the Authors of 
such unheard of villanies are suificient testimony of yo^^ Hono''s 
and their great zeal for Religion and readyness to defend our 
Churcli from such sacrilegious & barbarous practices & to protect 
her minister from the Insults and indignities of wicked persons 
disaffected not only to her holy orders & doctrines but to all 
Chris tianily. 

Yo^ Petition' therefore in order to detect such Wicked persons 
thinks himself under an indispensable duty to represent to yo"^ 
Hono^' That on Saturday night last yo"" petitioner was informed 
by the under sheriff M' Barnes that some shortt time before the 
Committing this Horrid Wickedness, y* A person or persons at 
the house of Robert Drummond declared & threatened that he 
or they would sacrifice yo' Petitioner or do jo' petitioner some 
mischief in A little time or to yt effect. 

As yo' Petition^ Conceives such Threatening speeches could 
not proceed from any personal] prejudice he not haveing (to his 
knowledge) given any Just occasion of offence to any person, 
soe yor petitioner hath good reason to believe that nothing but 
his Holy ffunction could render him obnoxious to such irreligious 
& wicked persons, who are most to be suspected as Guilty of the 
late Sacrilegious outrage committed against the Church. 

Yor Petitioner therefore humbly prayes yo^ Honors yt you will 
be pleased to proceed in yo^ Examination into these great offenses 
in order to discover the Criminalls & bring them to Condign 


punishments ; And y* yo"" honors will in the mean time take 
such Lawfull methods for preserveing yo-" petition'"s person from 
the dangers threatened ag* him, as in yo' wisdom you shall think 
most expedient. 

And yo^" petitioner shall ever pray &c. 
New York Feb. 15, 17 if Will" Vesey. 

Whereupon this Board at ye Request of ye s^i M^" Vesey sent 
for Benjamin Barnes Garrat Van laar Jane Van laar & Mary 
Guest, who being come were severally sworn upon y® holy 
Evangehsts & Examined relating to y® aforesaid premisesses 
before this Board and their Depositions thereof taken in writing 
as by y® same may appeare. 


To the Honourable her Majesty s Council for the Province 
of New York 

New York, Feby 15. 1714 

We the Ministers, Elders and Deacons of the Reformed Pro- 
testant Dutch Church, within the City of New York, cannot 
suflB.ciently express our abhorrence of that wicked and sacrilegious 
fact committed the night between Tuesday and Wednesday last, 
by some impious persons, in Trinity Church within this City, 
being a structure built and dedicated to the service of God ; the 
discovery & punishment of which heinous crime, we esteem 
ourselves so deeply concerned in, to the end it may deter others 
from attempting the like on that, our, or any other building set 
apart for divine worship within this city ; that we humbly take 
leave to offer to your honours, that if his Excellency or your 
honourable Board shall think fit to issue a proclamation with 
reward to the person that shall make a discovery of the said 
wicked offence, we will cheerfully contribute the sum of fifteen 
pounds toward an encouragement for the person that shaU make 
such a discovery. 

We are your most dutiful, most humble and most obedient 
servants In nomine Synodii 

Gualtherus Du Bois 


In Council 15 Feb 1713. 

The Board expresses itself extreaml}^ pleased with the above 
address assureing them that they would liecommend y« same to 
liis Excellency. 

Mr Vesey Rector of Trinity Church Attending with W™ 
Dobbs, sexton of s'' Church Desireing that ye said Dobbs may 
be admitted to cleare himselfe before this Board from an unjust 
Imputation laid to ])is Charge as if he was Concerned in y^ late 
Impious Sacriledge Committed in Trinity Church, and y'' said 
Dobbs being accordingly Admitted thereto produced several! 
Credible Witnesses who being Examined upon tlieir Oaths & 
their Depositions taken before this Board in Writeing, By all 
which Examinations and by y® Deposition of ye said William 
Dobbs who being likewise sworn on y® holy Evangelist Declared 
that hee does not directly or indirectly Know or Conceive who 
or what person or persons Committed y* said sacrilegious ffact, 
This Board is very well satisfied and Convinced the said William 
Dobbs was not any ways Concerned in the said Impious ffact 


James Leigh of y^ City of New York Carpenter being sworn 
upon ye holy Evangelist Deposeth ^' Saith as followeth, That hee 
very well knows William Dobbs Sexton of Trinity Church in y® 
City of New York, and That on Tuesday last being Shrove 
Tuesday [lie saw the said] William Dobbs have a fresh wound 
or scratcli on his left hand which was done by some accident 
before Twelve of y« Clock at Noone tliat day and seeing of it 
bleed advised him to wash it with Rum and binde a Handker- 
chiefe about it to keep it from y® Cold, and further saith that y« 
Examinant & his wife spent y® Evening of y* said Day at y® 
house of ye said William Dobbs untill about eight a Clock at 
Night about which time they went away, and that at y^ time 
they went away from ye said house there was noe Company 
remained in ye said house but ye said William Dobbs & Iris 
family as he verily believes and is assured. 
Sworne ye 1 5^^ day of James Lee 

ffebruary 1713 

Coram A. D. Peyster 


JusTiNA Leigh ye wife of y^ within named James Leigh being 
sworn upon y^ holy Evangelist & examined Deposeth & saith 
that about flive or six of y^ Clock in y® Evening on Shrove 
Tuesday last William Dobbs Sexton of Trinity Church came [to 
this Depon*^j house & sitting by ye ffire said to this Depon^* 
husband (showing his hand at y® said time which was scratched) 
I w^onder James how I came by this scratcli whether it was by 
throwing of snow balls or by y® fflint of liis Gun that day, and 
that she ye Depon* went with her husband that Evening to y* 
house of ye said Dobbs where they stayed untill about Eight a 
€iock, and when they went aw^ay left noe Company in y^ said 
Dobbs house to her knowledge or beleife but the said Dobbs & 
his familly. 

The marke jj of 
Sworne y^ IS*''' day of ^ Justina Leigh. 

ffebruary 1713 
A. D. Peyster. 

Catherine Dobbs y* Wife of William Dobbs Sexton of Trinity 
Church in New York being sworn upon the holy Evangelist & 
Examined Deposeth & saith as followeth That her said husband 
William Dobbs went to his bed in his house on Shrove Tuesday 
niglit last before Eight a Clock and that she very well knows & 
is assured the said William Dobbs was not out of his said Bed 
untill about Six of ye Clock y^ next Morneing at which time his 
Boy who as usuall every morneing had beene at ye said Church 
to see if all was well, and was then Returned and acquainted 
this Deponents g^id husband that y^ said Church was broke open 
Whereupon this Depon' & her husband went to ye said Church 
to Enquire into ye matter. 

The marke of 
Sworne y*^ 15'i» day ^ 

of ffebruary 1713 Catherine Dobbs. 

A. D. Peyster. 

William Dobbs Sexton of Trinity Church in New York being 
sworn upon ye holy Evangelist & Examined Deposeth" & saith 
Vol. hi. 29 


that hee went to liis bed on Shrove Tuesday night last abont 
Eight a Clock, and Continued in his said Eed untill about Six 
of ye Clock y« next morneing, and that hee does not directly or 
Indirectly know or Conceive who or what person or persons 
broke into Trinity Church & Committed y^ Sacriledges tliere on 
Tuesday night last, and that hee y® said Examinant haveing y® 
Custody & keeping of y^ Keys beloDging to y^ said Church is 
very well assured & believes they were not out of his house that 

The marke of 
Sworne y^ IS^'^ day SD 

of ffebruary 1713 William Dobbs, 

A. D. Peyster 


To The Honn^ie Her Majesties Councell for the Province 
of New York. 
Wee the Ministers & Elders of the Reformed Protestant french 
Chui'ch within the citty of newyork cannot sufficiently, express 
our abhorrance of that Wicked, and Sacrileges Fact, committed 
the Night Between Tuesday and Wednesday Last, by some Impi- 
ous Persons in Trinity Church within this Citty: Being a 
structure built and dedicated to the service of God, the dis- 
covery and Punishment of wich hainous crime, wee estime our- 
selves, so deeply concerned in, to tlie end it may deterr others 
from attempting tlie Like on that, our, or any other Building 
sett apart for divine worshipp within this Citty; That wee 
humbly take Leave to offer to your honnours, That iff his 
Excellency, or your honnb'e board, shall think fitt to Issue a 
proclamation, with a Reward to the Person that shall make a 
discovery of the said wicked offence ; wee shall Cheerfully con- 
tribute the sume of tenn Pounds towards an Incouragement for 



the Person that shall make such a discovery, and in duty bound 
we shall pray &c. 

Lewis Rou • I • Minister 
of the French Church in N. York 
John Barberie Elder 
Louis Carre ancien 
Jean Lafont ancien 
Newyork 16^^ Andre fryneau ancien. 

February 17-|-| • 

At a meeting of y^ Councill m 
New York y^ 17ti» day of ffeb^ 1713 

Coll : Depeyster M^" Van Dam 

Doctor Staats M"" Barberie 

Capt. Walters M^ Phillips 

At ye Request of M'^ Vesey tliis Board sent for & Examined 
severall persons all relateing to y^ late outrages Committed in 
Trinity Church & to ye abuses alleadged by M'^ Vesey in his 
petition to be Committed ag* him as by y^ Exammations of 
Robert Dnmimond & Anne his wife Richard Willett & Thomas 


Robert Drummond of y^ City of New York Vintner beaeing 
sworn upon ye holy Evangelist & Examined Deposeth and saith 
as foUoweth, That about ye latter End of December last, M"" 
Lawrence Smith being at this Depones house, and upon some 
discourse had betweene the said M^" Smith and one Mary Guest 
then Nurse to this Depont^ "Wife, being a quaker about Religion, 
the said M"* Smith told her that if she would give him Twenty 
shillings he would turn quaker, and swore heartilly to it, and 
.hen she asking him why he did not goe to Churcli, he Reply ed 

452 papi:rs relating to the city of new-york. 

that he had noe Chiu-ch to goe to for that M'' Sliarpe was gone 
and as for M*" Vesey lie said he was avillaine &a Rascall because 
he Espoused his Brother PhiUips Cause in an ill thing, and that 
Mr Vesey had proposed to send word to my Lady Hay that his 
Excellency our Governour had to doe with Liev' Riggs wife and 
that it might have occasioned my Lady to loose her child and 
said that it was better my Lady should loose her Child than one 
of ye Brethren should suffer and said ye said M^" Vesey in time 
should Kepent it. 

Rob. Drummond. 
Sworn ye 17*^ day of 
ffebruary Anno Dm. 
1713. Coram 

A. D. Peyster. 

Anne Drurhviond wife of Robert Drummond of y^ City of 
New York Vintner being sworn upon ye holy Evangelist of 
Almighty God & Examined Deposeth & saith as followeth That 
about y* latter end of December last M'" Lawrence Smith being 
at this Depon^^ house, amongst other Discourse, the said M"^ 
Smith talking of M'^ Vesey said he was a Rogue a Rascall and a 
Villaine, and that M^ Vesey had said that y« Governour was 
great with M^^ Riggs, and it was Enough to have made my Lady 
miscarry, and that he would Repent it. 

Ann Dromomad. 
Sworn ye 17"^ day of 
ffebruary Anno Dm 
1713 Coram. 

A. D. Deyster. 

Richard Willet of y^ City of New York merch* being sworn 
upon yc holy Evangelist & examined Deposeth and saith as 
followeth That about Christmas last this Depon^ being at y^ 
Coffee house in tliis City one morning, heard M'" John Graham 
Raileing at some body after an extraordinary manner and at last 
giveing more attention heard it was against M^" Vesey who he 
was Daming and using very many opprobrious expressions 


against and said that he deserved to be Drubbed and that he was 
a scoimdrell fellow 


Sworn y^ 17'^ day oi 
ffebruary Anno Dm. 
1713 Coram 

A. D. Peyster 

Thomas ffell of ye City of New York Gent^ being sworn 
upon ye holy Evangehst & Examined Deposeth & saith as 
followeth That about six or seven weeks agoe being in Company 
heard M*" John Graham ye weighmaster of this City amongst 
other Discourse say, what a fool was I to goe to Church to heare 
a sermon made against my selfe meaning as he believes a sermon 
that had lately beene preached at Trinity Church in this City. 

Tiio: Fell. 
Sworn ye 17*^ day of 
ffebruary Anno Dm 
1713 Coram 

A. D. Peyster. 


To the Hon^^'' the Gentlemen of Her Majesties Council for 
tlie Province of New York in America 

We the Rector Church Wardens & Vestry of Trinity Church 
in tlie City of New York in Vestry Assembled having taking into 
Consideration, that late most Impious & Wicked Fact, committed 
against our Church, as the same has been laid before yo^ Hon'^i^ 
Board by tlie Reverend William Vesey Rector of our said Ciiurch, 
think our selves oblidged tp Declare our Detestation and 
Abhorrence of such a sacrilegious affront done to t;ie Church of 
England and all Religion. 

Tlie dihgent search k strict examination, Yo^' Hon'jie Board, 
as also the Magistrates of this City, have used and taken to 


Discover such Henious Offenders, gives us the greatest Satisfac- 
tion, beheving the great readiness k Zeal, that lias been shewed 
& Exerted on this Occasion, may be a great means to prevent, 
such lewd & Irreligious practices for the future, and which 
deserves from us the most hearty acknowledgements. 

Nor do we receive less Consolation from the Pious Concern 
our Christian Brethren of the Reformed Protestant Dutch Chiu-ch, 
and Reformed Protestant French Church, within this City have 
expressed on this Occasion, and their Geiierous Contributions 
offered towards a Discovery of the Malefactors, are sufficient 
Evidences of the great Christian Charity & brotlierly love that 
have long been established between us, and which we hope w^iU 
always continue to the great Disappointment of the Enemies of 

We beg leave to observe to yo^ Hon^'^ Board tliat notwith- 
standing his Excellencies Proclamation against Immorality^ & 
profaneness the great diUgence of the Magistracy of this City in 
their several Stations, there are some Busey mockers & scoffers 
of Religion, who Ridicule both sacred things k Orders by their 
profane Lampoons tliereby vilifying the Ministers of Ciirist, & 
Exposing them k their Holy Function to Reproach k Contempt j 
And it is with ye greatest Concern that we find these Vices so 
Flagrant Tliat y^ Innocent & unblamcable Life k Conversation 
of our Reverend Rector for many Years among us, have not been 
able to Protect him from y^ false Calumnies and Barbarous 
Reproaches & Tbreatnings of such Irreligious k wicked persons, 
which we liumbly conceive hinders the Word of God, k naturally 
tends to Infidelity & Atlieism. 

. To the end therefore that these presumptuous Offenders agst 
our Holy Chm-ch, may be Discovered and brought to Exemplary 
Punishment, that thereby a stop may be put to this Torrent of 
Lewdness Irrehgion & Atheism We humbly pray yo^ Hon^s to 
Recomend to liis Excellency the Issuing out a Proclamation with 
a Promise of Pardon to any one of the s'l Offenders, that sliall 
Discover the other so that they be thereof Convicted, k also to 
have all the Rev/ards tlierein mentioned and as an Inci)m-3gement 
for the s'l Discovery, We the Rector, Church Wardens & Vestry 
of Trinity Church afores^i wiU willingly Contribute k pay to the 


Discovering, the sum of Thirty pounds, and shall always most 
gratefully acknowledge the Great Obligations we owe to this 
Honbi« Board for their Zealous Care & Protection, of our Injured 
Church, and we tire with the greatest Eegards • 

Signed in Vestry 'Yo^ l-Ion''s most Obedient 

tfebruary 19'ti 1713 humble Servants 

J. Stevens Will: Vesey Rector 

Alex'^ Moore P. Barbekie Ch. Warden. 

T. NoxoN Th" Clarke 

Joseph Wright Nathll: Marston 

Simeon Soumajin May Bickley 

Rich: Harris Rich» Willett 

Cornelius Lodge H. Vernon 

Ro^'' Elistow Jno. Reade 

Will Anderson Thos. Davenport 


May It please yo"" Excellency 

Since yo"^ Excellencys departure from this province wee have 
had nothing of moment to Impart to yo"" Excellency untill now 
that we think ourselves obliged to trouble YoJ" Excellency with 
a matter relateing to Trinity Church being ■ broke open & 
severaU Outrages Committed therein on S]iro\^e Tuesday night 
last in ye manner Yo^ Excellency will observe by a Copy of M^ 
Vesey's petition wliich wee send Yo"" Excellency, Some days 
before that petition of M"^ Vesey's was presented to us wee liad 
Information of that matter, & had sent for & examined severall 
persons Concerning it, and since that petition have had severall 
meetings k examined severall persons at Mr. Veseys Request as 
well concerning that ffact as y^ abuses alleadged in Mr Veseys 
Petition, but cannot yet make any Discx)very of y« persons who 
committed tliat Impious Ifact, We likewise acquaint YC ExceJ- 
lency that ye English Dutch & ffrencli Congregations here having 
severally addressed us to Recommend to yo^ Excellency to Issue 
a proclamation in ord' to ys discovery and apprehending y« 


malefactors, severally proposeing a Reward to y*" person makeing 
sucli discovery, wee likewise send yor Excellency Copyes of y© 
said addresses humbly Recommending y^ same to Yo^ Excel- 
lencies Consideration and remaine 

Yo'' Excellenceys most ob* 

humble Serves 



By His Excellency Robert Hunter^ 
Esq ; Capt" General and Governor in 
Chief of the Provinces of New York, 
New Jersey, and all the Territories 
thereon depending in America, and Vice 
Admiral of the same, k^. 


Whereas, it hatli been represented to me by some of the gentlemen 
of her Majesty's Council of the Province of New York, that in 
tlie night between tiie ninth and tenth days of February last^ 
Trinity Church in tliat City was broke open, the booJis of 
divine Service, and the vestments dedicated to that use carried 
out, tore to pieces, and grossly defiled : And whereas, such an 
impious outrage cannot be supposed to have been perpetrated 
by any but such as are avowed enemies of religion in general, 
or to the civil and religious constitution of England in particular, 
or such as for filthy lucre^ or worse purposes^ may have in ajjpear- 
ance conformed to, or complied with either, hut by their unchristian 
and lewd conversation, and their disloyal and seditious conduct, 
sufficiently manifest their aversion to loth : to tlie end, therefore, 
that the actors, abettors, or contrivers of such an unexampled 
affront to religion and the Church of England may be detected, 
{md the hellish devices of those who may have endeavoured to load 


the innocent with their own guilt may be disappointed, I have 
thoiiglit fit by virtue of tlie powers and autliorities granted to 
me by lier Majesty's letters patent under the broad seal of Great 
Britain, to make, and order to be published, this Proclamation, 
promising a reward of fifty five pounds to any person or persons 
not guilty of the above recited atrocious crime, who shall make 
such discovery of tlie same as may be suthcient for the conviction 
of the authors or contrivers of that impiety in a due course of 
law, and if any person guilty of the same, shall make such 
discovery of his accomplices as is above said, such person is 
hereby entitled to and promised the reward above mentioned, 
besides indemnity and pardon for himself and one more, such 
as he shall name, if more than two were guilty of, or privy to the 
fact. Given imder my hand and seal at Burlington, in New 
Jersey, the tliird day of March, in the 12th year of her Majesty's- 
reign. Anno Domini, 1714. 

By his Excellency's command, 
Geo: Clark 

God save the Queen. 

",* Got. Hunter, son of James H., a La^vyer, was a descendant of the 
Hunters of Hunterston, Ayrshire, Scotland. He was put apprentice when a boy, 
to an apothecary, but left his master and entered the army, where he server! 
under King William and the Duke of Marlborough, and eventually 
rose to the rank of Major General. lie married Elizabeth, daughter and heiress 
of Sir Thos. Orby, Bart, of Burton Pedwardine, Lincolnshire, relict of Lord 
John Ha}', second son of the Marquis of Tweedale. In 1707 he was appointed 
Lieutenant gov: of Virginia, but was captured on liis voyage out by a French 
privateer and carried back to Europe. He succeeded Lord Lovelace as Gov. of 
New-York, and on the death of the Duke of Portland was appointed Governor 
of Jamaica, where he died in March 173-1, after an administration of some seven 
years. Most of his letters among the MSS. in the Secretary of State's office, 
and some of the drafts of his council minutes are written in French, shewing a 
familiar knowledge of that language. His intimacy with Swift, Addison and 
the other wits of the day afford another proof of his literary taste. Of his 
quarrels with the Revd Mr. Vesey, his participation in the settling of the 
Palatines in the province of New-York, this Vol : will atford ample information 
passim. For his pedigree See Burke's Commoners, ii. 502. ~Ed. 



Upon the villanoiis indignity offered lately to onr clinrch, the 
Council immediately assembled and used their utmost endeavours 
to find out the offenders ; and wrote to the Governor who was 
then at Burlington on tliis occasion : upon which the enclosed 
proclamation was issued ; and his Excellency ac^^uainted the 
Council by letter, that they had not made proper steps to discover 
the crime, or to this effect ; besides that it was the business of 
the Magistrates of the town to enquire into it, and that the cliief 
points tliey had been upon were on M"^ V^esey's being calumni- 
nated, and some persons speaking amiss of him. Had not the 
Gentlemen ol the Council been very active in this affair, they 
would certainly have be«n blamed, notwithstanding it is found 
convenient now to reprimand tliem for their zeal ; and if they took 
notice among other tilings, of M'"yesey's barbarous usage, that the 
resentments of some extravagant people have come to pass as to 
threaten his life, which appeared very plain to the Council, can 
this in honour or justice draw down his Excellency's displeasure 1 

As to the magistrates of the town they are indeed more at his 
Excelleucy's disposal. 

M"" Vesey has been sent for by the Grand Jury, and will 
ijiform you how he has been handled. 

The Proclamation throws the guilt of this unpardonable out- 
rage on the very persons w?iO have complained of it, and who 
are sincerely in the interest of the Churcli, and reflects in such 
au unchristian manner on M^" Vesey, by pretending that he 
conformed to the church for filtliy lucre, that a good man would 
bkish to read it. These places are marked in the Proclamation, 
and his I^icellency, notwithstanding the unexampled affront to 
religion, has neither sent, writ, nor spoke, to M"^ Vesey, that I 
can learn on this affair ; so that you'll be pleased to judge, Sir, 
what favor or protection he. is to hope for of our church, by the 
treatment of our minister. I have always looked on M"^ Vesey to 
l>e a religious, good man ; valuable to liis parishoners, and inoffen- 
sive in his conversation, and if a testimonial of this were required, 
kis parishoners in general would be desirous to do him justice. 
Hawk^ Church Rec. 



To the Hon 1^1 e p^xer ScHLyLEa Escf Prcsidejit and the 

rest of liis Majesties Councill of NewYork. 

The Humble Peticon of Thomas Grents Clark belonging to 

his most Christian Majesties Ship the Victory the Chevalier 

de Eossell ComandJ^ in the belialf of Andre Saens^de 

Eitare a Spanish Priest now on board his Britt^nnik 

Majesijs Sliip the Diamond Cap^ Thomas Jacobs Comandr 

Most Humblv Sheweth 

Tlie Said Spanish Priest coming out of the Havana in the Said 
Ship the Victorv was taken in her and brought into tliis Port 
and here was Put on shoar and Set at Liberty by t^ie Said Capn 
Jacobs after he liad been plundered of a great Sum of money 
the Property whereof whether belonging to the Said Cap^ Jacobs 
or the Said Chevalier De Rossell is not yet decided by the Court 
of Admiralty. 

That the said Priest being So at Liberty humbly desired his 
Excy Governo"" Hunter to grant him a Ticket to depart this 
Piovince for Great Brittain which his Excellency was favourably 
pleased to grant : and thereupon he took his Passage for London 
on board the Snow the Amazone Cap" Butler Comand*' 

But So it is may it please 5'o'" Hono'' that the said Priest having 
procured a boat to bring him on board the Said Ve^sell the Said 
Cap" Jacobs has again taken the said Priest before he could get 
on board the said Vessell and took from him w^hat money he had 
as yet Saved and now keeps him a Prisoner on board the said 
ship tlie Diamond and which seems to be a manyfest Violacon 
of his Excellencyes leave as aforesaid. 

The Petition"^ therefore humbly prayes on behalf of the said 
Spanish Priest that yo^ Honoi' would be pleased to direct that 
the Said Priest may be discharged from liis confinement & 
Suffered to proceed on his Voyage in the said Snow or any otlier 
Vessell for Europe together with what was now lately taken 
from him and that his Excys Ticket ma}' be kept Inviolable or 
aordjjig to the Lawes of nature nations & War-r it ought to be— 


And yo^' Petition'' as in Duty bound shall ever Pray &c. 

fr TiioiMAs Grents 
New York 24 July 1719 OP. 


July ye 23 d 1719 Read. 
Ordered that the President speak to Cap* Jacob in Order The 
Priest taken on Board the Sliip Diamond by the Said Cap' may 
be set at Liberty and proceed on his inten'i Voyage. 


To His Excellency William Burnett Esq^ Cap* Gen^ & Comd' 
in Chief of the Province of New York New Jersey and the 
Territories thereupon Depending and Vice Admirall of the 
Same In Council 

The Humble Petition of the Rev^ James Anderson Presby- 
terian Minister Patrick Macknight John Nicoll Joseph 
Leddel John Blake k Thomas Ingles in behalf of tliemselves 
and the Rest of the Presbyterian Congregation in the City 
of New York 
Sheweth unto Your Excell'^y Tliat by the countinance and 
Encouragement of the Government of this Province They are 
soe for advanced in the Carrying on of the Service and Worship 
of Almighty God Within this City by a voluntary Contribution, 
and Assistance given by and Expected from well Disposed 
Persons, That tliey have adventured to Purchase a Piece of 
Ground for a Cliurch and Cemitry & have Erected thereon a 
Convenient Meeting liouse to Worship in after the manner of 
the Presbyterian Church of Nortli Britain and that some 
particular persons for want of tlieir being incorporated for that 
and the Like purposes have obliged themselves there Heirs 
Execut''^ & A(lminisi"s for the payment of tlie Consideration 
money of the said Groimd and tlie Matterials and Workmansliip 
of Building thereupon and in Consideration thereof for their 
Private Security have taken the Grant of tlie said Land to tliera 


their Heirs and Assigns for Ever but have entered into Bonds in 
the Penall Sume of Two Thousand Pounds unto certain Trustees 
in the Same Eond Mentioned upon condition that wlien soever 
it Shall Please God the said Grantees k, Obligors and Heirs 
Execu'-^ & admins'^ shall be fully Keimbursed all their Just and 
Reasonable Charges Engagements and Disbursm^^ made and 
Contracted by the building of the said Church Cemetry Pulpit 
pews and other Necessaries and Conveniences That the same 
Grantees ef the same Ground shall at the speciall Instance and 
Request of the aforesaid Trustees and at the Cost and Charge in 
the Law of the Same Trustees for and on the behalf of the said 
Congregation and of the Execu" and Adminis'-s of the same 
Trustees Sign Seal and Deliver perfect and Execute such Deed 
or Deeds Declaration of Trust or Other Conveyance or Convey- 
ances for the same Ground &, Apurtenances Cliurch and Cemitry 
to such person or persons Body Politick or Corporal for the use 
of the same Presbyterian Congregation as tlie same Trustees 
shall think fitt to Nominate and appoint and In case the same 
Congregation should be Incorporated then To and for The use 
of the same Congregation & their Successors for Ever being 
Presbyterians to the End and purpose that the Same Congrega- 
tion may be Incorporated and made one Body Politick in fact 
and name for the carrying on of their said Pious intentions and 
the free use and Exercise of there said Religion in its true 
Doctrine Discipline & worship according to the Rules and 
Methods of the established Presbyterian Chui'cli of North 
Britain to Them and their Successors for Ever, by a free and 
voluntary Contribution k not compulsory or Otherwise in 
Derogation of the Rights & Privileges of the National Church of 
England by Law Establisiied. They therefore Humbly Pray 

May it Please Your Excell<="' 

By Letters Pattent under the Great Seal of This Province to 
Incorporat them by the Name of the Minister Elders and 
Deacons of the Presbyterian Church in the City of New 
York to make them One Body Politick & Corporat in fact and " 
name Capable and able in the Law of sueing and beino- 
sued answering and being answered unto Defending and beinsr 


Defended in all Courts of Law and Equity in all matters and 
Causes wliatsoever of taking and receiving holding and Enjoying 
to them and there Successors for Ever there said Church 
and Ground and Cemitry where the same now Standeth with 
such other necessarie powers and Authority for the Preservation 
and Continuation of there Succession The Management of there 
Affixires and the free use and Exercise of there said Rehgion in 
the said City of New York as your Excellency with the advice 
of His Maji'^s Counciil shall see meet and Reasonable and the 
Petitioners As in Duty Bound shall Ever pray &c 

James Anderson 
New- York Sept^ 19th 1720 Patrick Macknight 

John Nicoll 
Joseph Leddel 
John Blake 
Thomas Ingles 

*,* This v/as the earliest Presbyterian church in llie city of New. York. It 
stood on what was Stontenburgh's garden (ante p. 403:) in WaU-st. 

To the Honourable peter Schuyler Esqr President of his 
Majesties Counciil Convened in Counciil 
The Memoriall of Gilbert Livingston and Thomas Smith in 
Relation to tlie Grant of a Charter to the presbyte- 
rian Congregation in New York — 
Very Honourable 

We cannot but express (as We are in Duty bound) the Grate- 
full sense We have of your good affection to the presbyterian 
Society in this City and your Readiness to Confirm the privi- 
ledges thereof in the Grant of a Charter. But yet We being 
persons most nearly Concerned and who have all along been 
deeply Engaged in the Carrying on the said Work, but appre- 
hending oiu- selves likely to be drawn into some Uneasy and 
Difficult Circumstances by the present Grant of a Charter upon 
the Terms desired beg Leave humbly to offer our Objections 
against it promising our selves a favourable Audience therein. 

We conceive that the present Geant of a Charter to these 
persons who Desire it, will Confirm the Meetinghouse now 


building to the actuall possession of the Reverend M^' James 
Anderson as Sole minister tlierein, and wholly bring it under the 
Command of these that adhere to him. 

Much Honoured, we cannot but Esteem this a very great 
Greivance We always have exerted our Selves in person and 
Estate according to our Abilities for advancing tliis Work, but 
now believe it under very Languishing Circumstances during 
M'^ Andersons Aboad among Us, Whom We cannot but think 
after more than two years triall, very Unsuitable for advancing 
our Interest in New York because severall that joyned with Us 
at first have forsaken tlie Congregation upon his Acco' and we 
are also fully perswaded he has not been Estabhshed among us 
by very just and honorable Methods, as we are able if the Hon- 
ourable Councill pleases to give a particular information. And 
the Grant of a Charter upon the Terms desired will We Conceive 
Expose Us to tlie Temper of these men, who probably will plead 
their priviledge in Opposition to the bringing in of another 
Minister tliat may be more acceptable than M^" Anderson, and 
if by virtue of such a Grant they can exclude Us, we have no 
Reason to expect any favour from their hands. 

Therefore We hiunbly beg your Honours to Consider how 
great a Hardship this will be upon Us who have born the Bur 
den and Heat of the Day, to be turned of without so much 
as the priviledge of bringing in a Minister whom we may 
Sit witli pleasure and Delight especially Considering we tliink 
our Selves (notwithstanding all the Advantages that have been 
taken against us) very little inferiour either in Number or 
Quality to them who by their Unfair proceedings have brought 
in M"" Anderson. 

Again we are jointly and severally bound in the Sum of £350, 
to Coir Depeyster and M^ Bayard, in payment for the land on 
which the aforesaid Meeting hous is founded, which added to tlie 
other obligations v.e are Under, together with what we are in 
advance makes the Congregation in Debt to us near =£600 which 
under the present Circumstances are not likely to be soon Dis- 
charged, and probably yfill Continue as a long Incumbrance 
upon us and perhaps to posterity. M^ Mackniglit who is l)oimd 
with us is going for Europe, which will leave us the persons 


accomptable for payment of these Debts, together with Doctor 
Nicols whose unsteadiness and unfaitlifuhiess lias been frequent- 
ly experienced in Divers Instances formerly, and who is likely 
still to be a Companion of the same Natm-e, and we are not Easy 
to Remain Accomptable for Debts only Entailed upon us, for the 
Gratifying the Humours of Some Men, to the hindering the 
prosperity of the Interest in Generall. 

Therefore we humbly Crave the priviledge of the Grant of a 
Charter, to have the Meeting house Confirmed to us, and to the 
Minister procui-ed by us, at least on equall terms with those who 
first Desired it, but if this cannot he- granted we desire that we 
may be acquitted, and Discharged from all the Debts and 
Encumbrances and we shall promise to Resign up our whole 
property in the premises only Reserving two pews, or we Intreat 
that the Charter may be Conferred upon us only for the use 
Designed, and we promise to Discharge them granting them the 
Same priviledges we desii'e of them. 

Thus Very Honourable we have as briefly as may given in some 
Hints of the Matters of oiu* Grievances Entreating that they 
may have a Candid Reception and Due Consideration with youi" 
Honour and the Honourable CounceHs. 

And your Memorialists shall ever pray &c 

Gil: Livingston 
r Tho: Smith 


The Memoriall of Gilbert Livingston and Tho^ Smith iu 
Relation to a Grant of a Charter to the Presbyterian Congrega- 
tion in the City of New- York. 


May it please yo^ Excellency. 
^ In Obedience to your Excellencys order in Council of this 
Day Referring to us the Petition of the Rev^ James Anderson 
Presbyterian Minister Patrick Macknight, John Nicolls, Joseph 
Leddel John Blake Thomas Inglis in behalf of themselves and 


the Rest of the Presbyterian Congregation in the City of New- 
York praying to be Incorporated by Letters Patents under the 
Broad Seal of this Province, Wee have heard Council in behalf 
of the Pef^s and Council in behalf of Rector and Church Wardens 
of Trinity Church of New York aforesaid against the Petition, 
and the matter appearing to us to be of very great moment, and 
no jnstance given us of any such Patent of Incorporation liitherto 
Granted either in great Britain or the Plantations. Wee Iiumbly 
crave leave to ofer Our advice to your Excellency And Wee do 
accordingly advise and desire your Excy to transmit to tlie Right 
Hon^ie the Lords of Trade and Plantations a Coppy of tlie said 
Petition and the proceedings thereupon desiring their Lordships 
to obtain the opinion of his Majesties Learned Council on the 
subject matter of the said Petition and to Transmit the same to 
Your Excellency all w^h is nevertheless humbly submitted by. 
New York Sept. 17'h 1720 Your Excellencys 

Most obedient humble 
A. Philipse R Walter 

Gko. Clarke Caleb Heathcote 

Era: Harison John Barberie. 


To his Excellency William Burnet Esq^ Captain General 
and Gouernor in Chiefe of the Provinces of New York 
New Jerses and Territories Thereon Depending in America 
and Vice Admiral of the same &« jj^ Council. — 
The humble Petition of Several of the members of the 
French reformed Protestant Church in the City of New 
York in Behalf of themselves and others of their 
Brethren — 

That tlie said Church is unhappyly divided by the fatal 

consequences of a certain Instrument or writing made and 

agreed vpon the 20th of September last by the present Consistory 

thereof wlio vpon groundless assertions therein set forth haue 

Vol. III. 30 


discharged our worthy Minister Mr Louis Rou from the Exercise 
of his Ministerial function in the said Church and deprived him 
of all the benefits he should reap thereby — 

That your Pet'^ and several others of their Brethren never 
consented to such their Proceedings tho some few were led into 
it by surprise being told by the said Consistory that the Act they 
offer'd them to sign was for the Peace of the said Church, and 
indeed they know no otherwise the contents thereof not Being 
Read to them, but on the reverse we look vpon all the steps they 
haue taken against the said M^ Rou to b^ without the least 
Colour of Justice whatsoever and contrary to the Rules and 
Discipline of the said Church of which your Pefs dont doubt 
but to make appear to your Excellency when the same shall 
haue the happyness To fall vnder your Excellencys consideration 

That 3^our Pet-^ are too sencebly touch^ with the disadvantages 
they lye under from the Misfortunes of their want of his Pastoral 
care ouer them whose Exemplary Piety and Instruction for 
upwards of fourteen years haue rendred him exceedingly 
estimable to all wlio knows him and which cant but be ac- 
knowledged even by those who are now the occasion of your 
Pefs giving Your Excellency this Trouble and, who side with 
his assistant M^" Moulinar, from whom both as a Brother and a 
Christian better offices might haue been expected then to haue 
found him the Pen man of such Instrument which are the 
Present motive of all our troubles that your Pef^ begg leiuve 
to [say] to your Excellency that (if occasion should require) 
they can make appear to your Excellency that the first right to 
the ministry of the said Church, and euen to the Church itself 
is wholy lodged in the said M^" Rou as well as from the call of 
the said Consistory by the Act of General Assembly as by the 
Majority of the members of the said Church as appears by the 
Acts of opposition and protestation made in that behalf whereof 
a Copy is hereunto annexed. 

That in order to put an End to these vnhappy Differences and 
that your Pefs may Enjoy those Spiritual Comforts they haue 
hitherto received from the Doctrine of the said M^ Rou your 
Peti^s apply to your Excellency for relief in the premises and — 

Therefore they most humbly pray your Excellency In your 


great Wisdom to take such measures for the protecting and 
reestablishing the said M^ Rou to the free and peaceable Exercise 
of his ministerial fimction in the said Church and to the benefit 
thereof as may seem most Expedients to your Excellency, and 
that your Excellency Endeavours therein may be successfull and 
your administratien long and prosperious, is the Earnest prayers 
of your Excellency Petifs 

Daniel Crommelin 
James You Jean ba Clian 

Ehas pelletreau 
John Hastier Andrew Foucault 

James Eallereau 
Ellas Pelletreau J^" Jacque Bobin 
N Cazalet 
Samii Bourdet 
David LeTeher 
Francois Basset 
Peter Morgat. 


Of Opposition, to that which was past on Sunday last the 20^* 
of September 1724 in the french reformed church of the City 
of J^ew York) and signed afterwards by some members of the 
said Church. 

We underwritten Members of the french Church In the City 
of New York, do hereby freely and sincerely declare that we 
disallow and reject that rash Act which was past on Sunday last 
the 20 th of this month in church in the presence of some Heads 
of Families there met together and afterwards sign'd by some 
others, by virtue whereof they have pretended to dismiss & 
exclude M"" Lewis Rou our Minister out of his office, that is to 
say, as it was verbally intimated to him the next day, to 
acknowledge him no longer as a Minister of our church, to 
discharge him of all functions to suppress his Salary, and to pay 
him nothing thereof for the future &c. We also hereby declare that 
we in no ways whatsoever consent to those proceedings which are 
contrary to the Rules of our Discipline, to the word of God and 



Equity &;c. tliat we oppose ourselves to the said Act, as much 
as lyes in our power and that notwithstanding the same, we 
acknowledge always the said M*" Rou for our true and lawful 
minister, who hath preached and officiated amongst us during 
more than fourteen years that lie huth been here, witli edification 
always leading an exemplary life. In witness whereof we have 
hereunto set our hands and names. Done in New York Sep- 
tember the 24tii 1724. 

Amirew Foucault 
James Bergeron 
Francis Basset 
Daniel Giraiul 
Elie Pelletreau 
Daniel Gaillard 
Elias Charilavoine 
Elie Mambrut 
Andrew Richard 
James Ballereau 
Peter Quintard 
John Basset 
James Bobin 
Daniel Bonnet 
Charles Jandin 
Daniel Jandin 
Amond Perot 
William Heurtin 
John Vezien 
John Vezien junr 

Jere: Chardavoine 
Peter Charilavoine 
Elias Chardavoine junr 
Paul Pelletreau 
James Many 
Gamaliel Guyele 
John Many 
James You 
Peter Tillou 
Peter Ebrard 
Henry Collier 
John David 
Noe Cazalet 
John Tillou 

Anthony Pintard 
Jeremie La Touche 
Samuel Bourdet 
Jean Bachan 
Peter Morgat 
John Hastier 
David Le Teller 
Jean Le Chevalier 
Philip Gilliot 
Is: Chardovoine 
Abraham Bertrand 
Abraham Butler 
Daniel Crommelin 
Anthony La Fonds 

Gabriel Le Boyteulx junr Joshua David 
Elias Pelletreau junr John Pintard 

Elias Grazillier Samuel Bourdet junr 

Andrew Giraud Abraham Poutereau 

James David Peter Bcrlon 

Francis Baumier Stephen Bourdet. 

Here followeth the names of the Widow, Women, and others, 
Members of the same Church, wliicli liave signed the same 


Rachel Ebrard 
Elizabeth Heurtin 
Marie Anne Ablin 
Magdelene Fauconnier 
Anne Bachan 
Mary Perot 
Susanne Magle Easset 
Mary Moyon 
Mary Sergeran 
Esther Bouniot 
Marquise le Boyteulx 
Martha Brown 

Renee Mary Rou 
Judith Morgat 
Martha Poutereau 
Mary Bargeau 
Susanne Bontecou 
. Susanne Ford 
Mary Oaks 
Mary Elliston 
Martha Perot 
Esther Masse 
Elizabeth Tillou. 


Besides all these who have signed this Act^ there are a few 
others heads of family, or members of y^ said Church, who 
through fear, or policy, or some other worldly regard, have not 
thought fit to give an open testimony to the truth by signing 
this Act, but who at the same time have not been willing to sign 
the Act of y*^ Consistory^ and who have on tlie contrary declared 
on several occasions that they did disapprove the rash resolution 
of those Gentlemen -, so that there are so many voices and 
suffrages as the others cannot claim. And here are ye names 
of these politick persons. 

Peter Dennys Docf Peter Fauconnier 

James Des- Brosses John Garreau Jun"" 

James Renaudet Andrew Stuckey 

Lawrence Coruisleau Francis Pelletreau 

Daniel Mesnard Paul Pinaud. 

I the vndervvritten Lewis Rou, Minister of y® holy Gospel in 
y® city of New York, do also protest in my particular against the 
Act of the Consistory here mentioned, as being an unjust, violent 
and irregular proceeding, done against all manner of form, 
without any lawful reason, without a sufficient and competent 
Authority, and even without having heard me ; in short as being 
contrary to our discipline, and to the Word of God and equity. 
Done at New York tlie 31'^ of December 1724. 

Lewis Rou 
Minister of y^ French 
Jan^y 14th 1721 


Read and ordered y® Consistory of this French Church be 
served with a copy and to make answer to the allegations this 
day fortnight. 





May it Please Your Excellency and Honourable the Gent 
of his Majesties Councel for the same Province. 

We the Minister and Consistory of the French Reformed 
Protestant Churcii in the City of New York being deeply sensible 
of tlie favour which Your Excellency and the Honourable Councel 
have been pleased to conferr on us in ordering that M"" Moulinar 
and the rest of the Consistory of said Church should be served 
with a Copy of the Peticon of several! of the Members of the 
said Church in behalf of themselves and others of their brethren 
as also a Certain instrument in writing under the hands of some 
French inhabitants Termed an act of opposition to which is 
subjoined a Protestacon under the hand of the Reverend M"^ Lewis 
Rou against the act of the Consistory therein menconed as being 
an unjust violent and irregular proceeding Done against all 
manner of form without any Lawful! reason without a sufficient 
and Competent authority and even without having heard him, 
in short as being contrary to their Disciplin and word of God 
and Equity Done at New York the 31^^ of December 1724. 
signed Lewis Rou Minister of the ffrench Church. 

Whereupon a fortnights time is granted to make answer to 
the aliegacons tliereof by the order of this Honourable Board 
We being now and at a!! times willing and Ready to give all 
dutiful respect and obedience to Your Excellencys orders in 
Council in return to this favour liave perused and Considered 
of Your Excellencys said order and the Copys thereunto prefixed 
by protestacon saving and Reserving to our selves now and at 
all times the free use and Exercise of that liberty of Conscience 
belonging and appertaining to tlie French Reformed protestant 
Churches under the protection of the Crown of Great Britain 
and the Dominions thereunto belonging And tlie advantage and 
benefit of Exception to the manifold untruths uncertaintys 
Errours and imperfections in the same Peticon act of opposition 
and protestacon of the same Lewis Rou Conteined and not 


acknowledging any Jurisdiction in any Civil Court within tliis 
Province in and over the private affairs of our Church meerly 
Consistoriall and amongst ourselves in answer thereunto or unto 
so much thereof as we are advised is material for us to answer 
We do answer and Say That we are very heartily sorry for the 
unhappy differences which have lately happened amongst our 
Congregacon wliich is made up of Members altogether free and 
voluntary and under no manner of Compulsion or Restraint 
And we are humbly of Opinion that the measures We liave 
lately taken to remove the Cause thereof has in a great measure 
given occasion of this Complaint now laid before Your Excellency 
in Council It is not unknown to your Excellency that the Frencli 
Protestants in the Kingdom of fifrance now a Considerable body 
of people who for many years have subsisted in that Kingdom 
and have had used and enjoyed amongst themselves a particular 
and peculiar form of worship doctrin disciplin and Church 
Government without being maintained and Supported therein as 
the national Church which in ffrance is Roman Catholick but by 
way of Dispensation or toleracon so that it was not in their po\A'er 
even to Compell any of the flfrench Subjects to Submitt unto their 
disciplin and Government nor to restrain or punish any of 
their number who had submitted to their form of worship Doctrin 
Disciplin & Government who were minded to forsake them and 
alter their Profession untill Their King was pleased to Revoak 
the Edict commonly Called the Edict of Nantz ; And those 
flfrench Protestants were by all natic^nall protestant Chui'ches in 
Europe received and treated as if they had been a nationall 
Protestant Sister Church however depressed or oppressed by the 
violent Counsels and practices of the Roman Catholicks, In the 
Enjoyment of that liberty or rather dispensation or toleracon 
their method and rule was to make an agreement with their 
Pastors and Ministers (that is to say) each Consistory for every 
Particular Congregacon voluntarily and freely united togetlier 
and entered into an agreement with their Pastor & Minister upon 
a Certain speciall mutuall Contract, which when either party 
failed in performance of their part of the Contract the other was 
at liberty and freed therefrom on the other part ; and this no 
wayes regarded by the Civil Government, who took care only to 


])rcserve and Support the National! Church and that the 
protestants as well as others should submitt to and pay all 
Parochial Duties Such a Special Contract We made with M'" Rou 
before he came over from England to us, and since he has been 
amongst us whilst he behaved himself Conformable to his agree- 
ment and for his encouragment so to continue did come to a 
second agreement with him and did Considerably enlarge his 
annual Salary from what it was by our first agreement to be paid 
him in Quarterly Payments, and as our Congregacon increased 
We did likewise send for another Minister and provide for his 
support & Maintainance without diminishing or impairing M' 
Rou's Stipend ; And this lasted untill We come to find M-- Rou 
to flagg in his Duty and broach innovacons amongst us Contrary 
to the said Contract and the Constitution of our Church and altho 
We often in a friendly manner Requested him to Return to his 
Duty and perform his Contract with the Consistory he still 
persisted notwithstanding to pursue his own humour and put us 
to Defiance with many opprobrious and vile expressions not fit 
to be Repeated ; Whereupon We thought ourselves dissolved & 
discharged from our part of the Contract with respect to him and 
left him to provide for himself If M^" Rou will desert the 
Consistory when met and refuse or neglect to come when sent for, 
how are we to blame that he has not been heard, (as he is pleased 
to say) We are not unsensible of the methods which M' Rou has 
taken to get a number of Subscriptions in his favour and his 
Contrivances to remove the Jui-isdictions of this Matter to 
another Judicature nor of the heat and violence of his Temper, 
our foundacon is laid upon freedom and liberty of Conscience 
and is of such sort that if M'" Rou and his Subscribers are minded 
to seti up another flfrench Congregacon in New York by 
themselves or to go over to the Church of England as by Law 
Established or the presbeterian Profession, We do not pretend to 
have use or Exercise any Coersive power to restrain or punish 
them for it, much less to Compell them to Return to us, "We 
should be much better pleased the peticoners should return to 
and Continue in our Commission and Christian fellowship of 
their own free will and Choice The flfrench protestants in this 
City have for the Term and Space of upwards fourty years held 


used and enjoyed this freedom and liberty by the indulgency 
and favour of the Succeeding Governours Grounded upon their 
instructions for that purpose (as We have reason to believe) — 
They also passed the like Censure formerly against other ffrench 
Protestant Ministers for their offences which being particular to 
themselves the Government (for the time being) was never made 
privy to it by either party, and altho no doubt the then Governours 
Might liave heard thereof yet did they never interpose nor meddle 
therein ; We find that in S^ Peters time such Corruption of 
manners had crept into that set of mankind devoted to the 
preaching of the Gospell of Jesus Christ that in his first Epistle 
the 5**1 2*1 & S'l V. Caution was given by this Apostle against this 
evil as it was likewise reproved under the law by the holy 
Prophet see the 34*h of tlie Prophet Ezekiel v. 4. 

We do not mean to affirm tlie act of Toleracon made in the 
first year of King William the 3^ in favour of Dissenters in 
England to be in force in this Colony being advised to the 
Contrary however We begg leave Immbly to offer that as we 
cannot be called dissenters from the Churcli of England as by 
law Established Yet as We contribute and pay towards the 
maintenance and Support of the Minister of Trinity Church 
which is Established in this City for the nationall worship of the 
Church of England as by law and are in all other respects 
ameanable to the laws of this province We humbly presume We 
are in great measure (from a parity of reason) intituled to all that 
favour here wliich is granted by that law to the dissenters in 
England. We canrfot be forgetfull of that most Gracious 
Declaracon or saying of our most Gracious Soveraign Lord King 
George upon his accession to the Throne of Great Britain, " that 
" the indulgence and Toleracon Granted by law to Scru])ulous 
" Consciences was by noways inconsistant with the civil and 
" Religious Constitution of the Kingdom." We are not 
indebted unto INP Rou one farthing for all the time he hath 
served us And if any person or persons amongst us have done 
him any personal] Injury the laws of England and of this Colony 
are open there are Courts of law and Justice and there are 
Deputys who may call tliem to accomit We therefore in all 
humble manner Do presume that Your Excellency and the 


honourable Board will Reject the Peticoners said Peticon and 

Complaint and retain a favourable Opinion of tliese Eespondents 

who most humbly Pray &c. 
Jany 28''' 1724. 

J. J. MouLiNARs Ministre 

Endorsed — The answer of the John Barberie eld"" 
Consistory of the French Louis Carre Ansien 
Chui'ch of the City of New Abraham Gouneau an^ 
York to the Peticon of sev^ P^ Vallete an* 
Members of the s'^ Church Thomas Bayeux an^ 
Jany 28, 1724-5 read and Fran Cazalz an^ 
referred as likewise the s^ Rene het an^ 

This Committee to meet in the Council Chamber Thursday 
next, partyes to attend. 


At a Committee of the Common Council held at the Council 
Chamber in New- York, February the 18^^ 1724-5. 
Capt. Walter 1 M"" W^ Provoost 

Mr Van Dam f M*" Abrah Vanhorn 

M-^ Harrison ^ M' Lewis Morris Jun"" 

Doctor Golden ) 

The Committee being met in order to consider of the s<^ affair 
of M Rou and the consistory of the French reformed Protestant 
Church in the City of New-York. 

The question was put for the choice of a Chairman. 
Then the Committee chose Doctor Golden for their Chairman 
who took his place at tlie Board accordingly. 

Then was ordered to be Read the Petition of M^ Rou and the 
Answer of the said Consistory thereto which were Read, & all 
partys attending were call'd in They accordingly attending. 
Mr. Murry Council for ^I. Rou mov'd that the question 


might be put to the Consistory whether they adher'd to the 
Rules and Discipline of their Church. 

M' Barbaric for y^ Consistory reply 'd that they cou'd give no 
answer to the question but left to their Council who was present 
to speak for them. 

Then M^ Jamisson their Council went on with a long discourse 
in writing shewing i lie nature of Courts of Judicature and what 
matters are cognizable in the said Courts according to their 
several degrees after which he endeavour'd to shew that as M^ 
Rou had not comply'd w^^ ye Contract of y« Cons : they had a 
just right to discharge him and repeating what is set forth in 
their answer and jnsisting upon what they concluded with in 
their answer. 

Concludes with praying y^ Pet^ may be dismist 

Then M'' Vernon open'd himself with desiring that the prayer 
of the Petion might be read vf^^ was Then he observ'd as ye 
F: C: was not a National Church and yt theirfore that no Court 
in the Civil or Ec. had any Jurisdiction of it and pray'd y® 
Petion"" may be dismist. 

After all partys were withdrawn M' Harrison observ'd to the 
Board. [M"" Harrison's observations not found. ] 

At a Committee of the Council 
held at the Council Chamber 
in New York Febrr y^ IS^h 1724 | 5 
Captn Walter ^ Doctor Golden ) 

M"" Van Dam > M"" Abr. Van horn > 

Mr Harrison ) M^ P"" Provoost ) 

May it please yo^ Excellency 

In Obedience to your Excellencys Commands in Council 
referring to us the Petition of several members of the French 
congregation praying relief against a Power or authority wliich 
they say the present Consistory of the said Congregation have 
Illegally and unwarrantablie usurped over them and exercised 
against aU Equity and Justice in depriving them of tlieir 
Minister, As likewise the answer of the said Consistory to the 
said Petition. 


We have considered of the same that Whereas the Respondents 
do not in their answer deny the Facts complain'd of but justifie 
them by their being done by the Authority of their Consistory 
and dechne the Jurisdiction of any Civil Power over them and 
the Council fc>r the said Respondents did in their pleadings 
before us call the said Consistory a Court who's Jurisdiction is 
n(3t Subject to any Power either Civil or Eclesiastick within this 
Province. And Whereas all Courts within this Province that 
we know derive their Authority from his Majesty and are 
jmmediately under the Inspection of your Excellency and tliis 
his Majestys Council of this Province. 

We are therefore humbly of Opinion that the said Respondents 
be ordered to appear and shew by what authority they are a 
Court and have suspended tlieir minister which is submitted to 
your Excellency by 

Your Excellencys 

most Obedient humble 
Bv order of the Committee ; 

Cadwalader Colden Chairman. 

At a Committee of the Council held at the 

Council Cliamber in New York 

March ye S-i 1724 | 5 


Cap^ Walter ") -n * n ij 

^ / Doctor Colden 

M"" Van Dam > ,^^ „^ ^ 

V Mr Wm Provoost 
M^' Harrison ) 

The Committee being met upon the affairs of M' Rou and the 
French Church 

Doctor Colden observ'd to the Board that as he had akeady 
been Chairman upon that affair, thereupon desired they would 
be pleased to put the Question for a new Choice 

Whereupon the Question was put and Doctor Colden chose 

Then it was unanimously resolved that the Council for the 
Respondants should make Answer to the following Questions 


1st 5y what Autliority they are a Court. 

2diy By what Authority they suspended their minister. 

Which are agreeable to a Report made to his Excellency in 
Council and Confirm'd by that Board y^ IS^h of February last. 

Then all the partys attending without were called in. 

The Council appearing for the Respondants — 

The Report and Order of the Council thereupon of the 18*^ 
of February last were Read — 

Then the Chairman observ'd to the Council for y^ Respondants 
that the Board expected and required they should answer and 
Shew by what authority they are a Court and by what authority 
they suspended tlieir minister 

JVP" Jamison Replyd they were no Court neither had they any 
coercive Power of suspending their Minister, 

The Chairman required them to answer from whence they 
deriv'd y^ Power. 

Mr Jamison By y® Indulgence of the Government and own'd 
they were not Independent of the Government here. 

The Chairman Insisted that it was the pleasure of the Board 
they should shew that Indulgence by which they had autliority 
to suspend their Minister and required them to shew it Imme 

JVf Jamison Not by any Commission but by the Sufferance 
and Tolleration of the Government. 

J\P Barberie Say'd they discharged him, but did not Shew by 
what authority or Power. 

The Chairman observ'd to them that he thought it very easy 
for them to shew their Power if they had any and expected their 
answer to it immediately. 

JW Vernon Say'd that by the same Power they had to caU a 
Minister they had to suspend their Minister. 

The Ch: JVia?i jnsisted they should shew it. 

JVF Jamison Sayd y* Avlien their Minister refuses to serve them 
according to Contract and the Rules and Discipline of the French 
Chui^ches in Fran, they may suspend him and have Power by 
the Toleration of y^ Governm*. 

The Chairman Desired them to shew that Power and Avhether 
they had acted according to the discipline of y^ French Churcli 


M^ Jamison Repeated by y« Indulgence of y« Government. 

M" Harison desired them to Shew y* Indulgence whether it 
was by act of Parliament, whether by usage or custom or accord- 
ing the Rules and Discipline of the French Churches in 

Jlf Jamison — Say'd they were under the jnspection of the 
Govenim^ that they are no Court but only an Assembly of men 
and have no greater Power or Authority than a Master over his 
Family or a School Master over his Scholar and were accounta- 
ble to the Governm* for what they shoud act and doe. 

That they have ye same Power to turn him out as to take 
him in. 

The Chairman observ'd to them yt they had not yet answer'd 
ye question so often required of them which obliged him to 
repeat the same. To know by what authority they have sus- 
pended tlieir minister. 

JW Jamison By usage. 

Chairman Shew that usage. 

Mr Barbaric Sayd they had nothing but usage or Custom that 
when they discharged any of their Ministers they did not draw 
up any thing in writing but paid him his wages and discharged 
him and jnstanced one Mons'" Dellie and Labora. 

NB. This has been observ'd to by y® Pef that those Gent, 
were not discharg'd from their Funtions in ye French Church 

The partys withdrew — 

The partys ordered to come in — 

The Respondents were gone, yet the Ch. M: mentioned to y® 
other side that the Board had considered that ye Respondt^ cou'd 
not shew any authority for suspending their Minister, and shou'd 
report it accordingly. 

Then adjourn'd tiU morrow at 3 in y® afternon at Bonticow in 
order to draw a Report. 


At a Committee of the Council held at New , 

York March y« 4th 172415 

Capt Walter ^ Doctor Colden > 

Mr Van Dam > it.- wn- t. ^C 

,^,. TT • \ M' William Povoost \ 

Ml Hanson ) ' 

May it please yoiir Excellency 

In obeditoce to your Excellencys order in Council of the 18'i» 
of February last, The Respondents to the Peticon of several of 
the Members of the French Protestant Congregation, did appear 
before us did disclaim all Authority of a Court or any Coersive 
Power but did affirm that they had a power to suspend their 
Minister, and being required to show by what Authority they 
did exercise the said Power, whether by Custom usage discipline 
of their Church or any other Authority, They could not shew 
any such Custom usage Permission discipline or Authority. 
We are therefore of Opinion that tliey have no such Authority j 
But in regard to the French Protestant Church which has suffered 
so much and is at this time sutfering in France on Account of 
their ReMgion, and in regard to the great Numbers of the French 
Congregation that live in good repute and credit in this place. 
We are of Opinion that the said Congregation be admonished, 
that every person in it doe all in his Power to preserve peace 
and unanimity in their Congregation, for tliis End that they 
Eudeavour to bring this present unhappy Difference to an 
amicable conclusion. 

That if this desireable End cannot be Effected the partys who 
shall think themselves agriev'd ought to apply to the Courts of 
Justice in this Government for Redress, with that meekness and 
charity to each other which may Encourage the Government to 
continue towards them the generous protection under' which 
they have been long easy, and that there may be no reason now 
to think that they grow wanton under the abundance of Liberty 
and Plenty which they Enjoy here, and tliat the Ministers of the 
French Congregation who shall officiate next Sunday be ordered 
to Read Publickly the said Opinion and Admonition jmmediately 


after Divine Service in the forenoon, whicli is submitted to 
your Excellency by 

Your Excellency s 
most obedient 
humble Servants — 
By order of the Committe 

Cadwallader Golden Chairman. 
Read and approved & ordered accordingly. 


To His Excellency William Burnet Esquire Cap* Generall 

& Governof in chief of the province of New York & 

New-Jersey and tlie Territories depending on them 

in America And Vice Admirall of the same. 

The humble peticon of Nicholas Eyers brewer a baptist 

teaclier in the City of New York. 
Slieweth unto Yo*' Excellency that on the first tuesday of 
ffebry 1715 At a General quarter sessions of the peace held at 
the city of New York the hired house of Yo'' peticoner scituate 
in the broad street of tliis City between the house of Jolm Michel 
Eyers and M"" John Spratt was registred for an anabaptist meet- 
ing house within this City. That the peticoner has it certifyed 
under the liands of sixteen inhabitants of good faith and credit 
tlmt he liad been a public preacher to a baptist congregacon 
within this City for four years and some of them for less. That 
[he I lias it certified by tlie Hon^ie Rip Van Dam Esqr. one of 
his Majestyes Council for the province of New York to have 
\ hired a house in this City from him January first 1720 only to 
' be a public meeting house for the Baptists, wliich he still keeps 
and as he has obtained from the Mayor and Recorder of this 
City an ample Certificate of his good behaviour and innocent 
conversacon. He therefore huinbly prays 
May it please Yo"" Excellency 

To grant and permitt this peticoner to Execute the ministe- 


riall function of a minister within this City to a baptist congre- 
gacou and to give him proteccon therein according* to His 
Majesty's gracious indulgence extended towards the protestants 
dissenting from tlie established church he being willing to 
comply with all what is required by the Act of toleracon from 
dissenters of that perswasion in great Britain & being owned for 
a reverend brother by other baptist teachers And as in duty 
bound the peticoner shall ever pray &c. 

Nicholas Eyees. 

Those may Certify all whom it may Concern that Nicholas 
Eyres of this City of New York Brewer hired a House of me 
January y® P' 1720 Only to be a publick Meeting Place of the 
Baptists therein to Worship Almighty God and the s^ Nicholas 
Eyres was tlieir Preacher. In Testimony whereof I have here- 
unto set my Hand January 19, 1721 In the Eight Year of his 
Majesties Reign King George &o. 

Rip Van Dam. 

City of New- York. 
These are to certify unto all whom it shall or may concern 
that Nicholas Ejers brewer an inhabitant of the City of New- 
York during all the time of his residence in the said City hath 
behaved himself well as becometh a good subject And that to 
the best of our Knowledge and understanding he is blamless and 
free from any notorious and publick slander and vice has gaind 
himself the good name and reputation of his neighbours of being 
a sober just and honest man And is said to be an anabaptist as 
to his profession in religion In testimony whereof We the Mayor 
Recorder & Aldermen of the City of New- York whose names 
are hereunto subscribed have signed to those presents this 
thirteenth day of January in the eighth year of the reign of Our 
Sovereign Lord George by the grace of God of Great Britain 
ffrance and Ireland Defender of the faith &c annoq Domini 

mil I 2. 

R Walter 
David Jamison. 

Vol. III. 31 

483 papehs relating to the city of new-york. 

To aU whom these presents shall come or may concern 

Whereas M'' Nich. EjTes Brewer a Freeman and Inhabitant 
of y^ City of New-York pretending to be at present a Teacher 
or preacher of a Congregation of Anabaptists w^*" has had its 
beginning about five Years ago within this City and has so 
continued hitherto, and yt at a quarter sessions of the Peace their 
House or Place of Meeting within this Qity has been Registred 
having a Certificate of his past good behaviour I have thought 
fit to grant unto the said Nicholas Eyres that he may enjoy the 
Priviledge, benefits and advantages which dissenting Ministers 
may enjoy in great Brittain by virtue of a Statute made and 
Enacted at Westminster Ent. an Act for Exempting their Maties 
Protestant Subjects dissenting from the Church of England from 
the Penaltys of Certain Laws in y« first Year of King W^^ and 
Queen Mary Provided always that he shall comply with all the 
Rules and orders or directions mentioned & Expressed in the 
same statute with Regard to Anabaptists or such Dissenting 
Protestants who scruples the Baptizing Infants as far as can be 
and so long as he shall continue of the good behaviour towards 
[our] Lord the King and all his Lege People In Witness &ca dat 
ye 23'^ of January 1721 | 2. 

W. Burnet 
By his Excellencys Command 
Is: Bobin D: Sec'ry. 


By his Excellency Jn° Montgomerie Esq*" &ca 

To all Charitable and well Disposed Persons Inhabiting 

the City of New York : 

Whereas the Ministers Elders and Deacons of the Reformed 

Protestant Dutch Church of the City of New York have by their 

humble Petition presented to me Set forth, That the Congregation 

of the said Church has Subsisted ever since this Province was 

planted by Christians ; and Demeaned themselves in such 


orderly and Peaceable Manner, that by a Charter of Incorporation 
in the year 1696 their Church and real Estate and all their 
Religious Rights were confirmed unto them and their Successors 
for ever according to the Constitution and Directions of the 
Reformed Churches in Holland approved and instituted by the 
National Synod of Dort That by the blessing of God the said 
Congregation is now become so numerous that very often their 
present Church will not contain all the members of it, so that 
many of them are obliged to Refraine from coming to the 
Publick Worship for want of Room That for preventing the 
Inconveniences aforesaid, and to Promote Divine Worship for 
the Glory of God and the Salvation of Souls the Petitioners by 
and with the Consent and approbation of other members in 
Communion with them, purchased a Convenient Spot of Ground 
from M"" David Jamaison Lying and being to the northward of 
the French Church in the northward of this City, and built 
thereon another Larger Church so far as to get the same under 
Roof, the cost and charge whereof having already Exceeded their 
Stock, so that a considerable Sum will yet be requisit to Compleat 
the Same for the Pious use it is intended for And for as much 
as they and many of the Congregation of the said Dutch Church 
have at all times bountifully Contributed to the building and 
Embelhshing of other Protestant Churches more particularly 
the Church of England in this City, they are in hopes their 
voluntary assistance adding to those of the Dutch Congregation, 
will Enable them to finish, and Compleat the Church aforesaid 
Wherefore pray that I would be pleased to Grant the Pefs a 
Lycence to Crave the voluntary assistance and Contributions of 
aU well disposed Persons within the City of New York for 
Compkating a Structure altogether intended for Divine Worship 
according to the Disciphne and Government of the Reformed 
Dutch Church, as it is Established by the Synod held at Dort in 
the years 1618 & 1619. and to no other use or purpose whatso- 
ever, which pious undertaking I being wiUing to promote and 
Encourage have thought fit to grant unto the said Ministers 
Elders and Deacons of the said Reformed Protestant Dutch 
Church of the City of New York, Leave Licence and Liberty to 
Collect and Receive the free Voluntary and Charitable Contri- 


butions of all Christian and well Disposed Inhabitants of the 
City of New-York, towards the finishing and Compleating the 
before mentioned Dutch Church by them begun as by tlieir 
Petition is Set forth and for so doing this shall be to them a 
Sufficient Warrant Given under my hand and Seal at Arms at Fort 
George in New York the twenty fii'th day of April in the Second 
Year of his majestys Keign Annoq Domini 1729. 

%• The Church above alluded to was erected in 1729; it stood between Cedar 
and Liberty streets, and is now occupied as the Post Office, N. Y. 


New- York Sept. 12, 1737. 

To the Honom-i^i® George Clarke Esq. Leiv' Governour & 
Command"^ in Chief of New-Yorke & Territorys thereon 
Depending in America. 
The Petition of the Subscribers 

Most Humbly Shewetb 

That wee have this day seen or heard of the most Barefaced 
Villany Committed by WiU'" Cosby Esq'" present high SheriiT 
of this Citty & County of New- York in the Face of the world in 
Declareing Adolphe Philipse to be chosen Representative for tliis 
Citty and County Contrary to the Duty of his Oath and office. 

Wee therefore most Humbly pray that our Lives Libertys and 
properties may no Longer Remain Committed to the Said 
William Cosby; but that he may be forthwith removed from his 
said Office and the S"^ Adolph Philipse may not be qualified to 
Sit as an Assembly man until! a fair Hearing of the matter and 
yr Petitioners shall Ever pray 

Mar; Bout Andries Barhj'dt Teunis Van Voert 

Fredryck Blom Albartis Bosch Nick Clas Burger 

Gerrct Abramsc Thomas Montanye SamU Browne 

John Rogers John Els worth Johannes Van'Zant 

JohnEwels Daniel Dyke Edward Man 

his Francis Basset Aaron Smith 

John X Van Home Willm Smith Gilbert Van Dursea 

mark Peter Clopper Pieter Browep 



Henry Bensen 

John Peers 

Jacob Kip 

Isaac Varian 

Peter Rushtoa 

John Saml Smith 

Abraham Van Deuzen 

Archd Fisher 

James Lynde 

Saml Lawrence 

Anthony White 

John McLennon 

Mathw Noriis 

John Dyer 

Rip Van Dam 

Jacob Walton 

John d Witt 

Da Provoost Junr 

Richard Van Dyck 

John La Grange Junr 

Anthony Lamb 

Peter Bush 

John Vredcnburgh 

Jacobus Mountana 

William Vreden Biorgh 

Abram Abramse l*^ 

Yan Voes 
Jno Stoutenburgh 
Tobias Stoutenburgh 

William X Hichkook 

Benj: Thomas 
William Byfeld 

Abram ^ Amerman 
Jono >i Rome 

Christian Hertell 
Cornelius Vanfrelder 
Henry Brevortt 
John Nicholls 
John lie Key 

S^rvas X Vleereboara 

Johanos Baat 

Luke Romme 
Jan Van Aernam 
Isaac Stoutenburgh 
John Robbins 
Thos Clarke 
Haeserwel Van heusen 
Jacob Koningh 
Abrah : Ketletas 
Samll Weaver 
Robert Aikens 
Robt Queaile 
Frank Balthar 
Richd Caswell 
George Tolnire 
Hugh Shaw 
Petr Van Rant 
Geo Burnet 
John Cannon 
Jacobus Kiersted 
John Aspinwall 
Willm Boyd 

GisbertX Van Vleckte 

Abram Florintine 
Nicholas Clouds 
Rive Williams 
Isaac Garnier 
Jacob brat 
James Harding^ 
Thomas Pix 
James Axford 
Tho: Ware 
Jon Fred 
Thomas Pool . 
Josei)h Waldron 
Cornelius Brouwer 

Gcdion X Cartsen 

mark his 

Peter Canibertse X 
Thomas Grant mark 
Frederick Becker 
Peter De Grove 
John Bensen 
Abraham Greverroo 
Robert Crannell 
Thomas Devvile 
John Brasker 
Saml Goodness 
Peter Lynch 

Isaac Clark 
Jacob Vandewsen 
Cornclis Thorpe 
Cornells Van De Water 
Robeart Hares 
Johannes Poulis 
Jacob Pit 
Jacob Pettersmith 
Adam Konning 
Henry Cavelier 

Matthew X Bell 

Joseph Paldinf 
Irael Shadweck 
Iklw Smith 
Jonathan Friend 
Peter Vlirebooa 
Martynes Bogert 
Johannis Van Wyck 
John Cannon 

Lucas X Van Veghte 

Jacobus Quyck 
Joost De milt 
William Pell 
Jno Fizard 
Isaac Van Deursee 
Abiah SantforJ 

Saml Waldron X 

William Regner 
Michael Henderson 
Jonas Wright 
Adams Gordon 

Robert Shodden ^ 

Dyrc Kock 
John Basset 
John Bond 
Charles Jandine 
Abraham Benson 
John Bodin 
Samson Benson 
Gilbert Rattry 
John Bell 

George Van Hoorne 
Edward Williama 



Abrm Eight 

Elias Rice 

John Sutton 

William Rigs 

Richard Harris 

John Cook 

Tlionias Cox 

John Eckesea 

Peter Cannon 

Collin Bassey 

ISIathw Norris 

Tho: Haywood 

Robert Fiouk 

Wm Walton junr 

Jan Oothout 

Jacob Banyer 

Wm Rousby 

W Wessels 


Francis Many 

Thomas Wallis 

James Desbrosses 

Abram Paltling 

John Stephens 

Gerret Hyer 

Charles Beekman Junr 

Cocnrailt ten eyck 

Peter Simmons 

Johannis Muesarol 

George Feilding 

Johannis Lagransie 

Richard Ten Eyck 

Thomas Hans 

Jasob ten Eyck 

AKdrew ten Eyck 

Earent Bush 

John Ripyell 

William Baurois 

John Van Derspiegel 

William Edmonds 

Saml Price 

henry beekman 

Richd Ray 

Phillip Boiles 

Jacob Bosh 

Augustus Jay 

Andrew Clopper 

Rapl Goelet 

Abram Pels 

Henderick Van de Water 

Charles beekman 
Cornelius Clopper Junr 
Law : Van der Spiegel 
Peter Van Duersan 
A Viele 
Peter Bond 
William Van Duersen 
Pr Vallete 
Wm Randell 
Isaac Brasiere ■ 

John Pi Degraf 

John Marshall 
Gerret Keteltas 
Michael Berthon 
Charles Hanlon 
Isaac Chadarine 
Simon Van Sis 

John X Custer • 
David i>i Dufure 

Jacobus Stoutenburgh 
William Dron 
Samuel Horson 
Isaac De foreest 
Hendrik ' 
John Dally 
GiusbertX Garritson 

John Van Home 
Tennis Quick 
John Taylor 
Thos Brown 

Peter X Montanjc 
William X Broune 
John X AUomer 

William Crolius 
Henry Cordes 

William X Bogert 
Teunes X Tibout 

Cornelia Tiebout 
Thomas Wendover 
Phillip Goelet 
Abraham Kip , 

Joseph Doty 
J. "Browne 
Charles X Lushar 

Richard Ashfield 
James Darcy 
Danl Shatford 
Gerrard Beekman 
Martinis Cregier 
John Provoost 
Tho: Niblett 
Samuel Jacobs 
Isaac Gardner 
James Mundell 
Wm Walton 
Peter Schuyler 
D. Provoost 
Charles Le Roux 
Henry Beekman Junr 
John Breese 
N Gouvcrneur 
W^m Beekman 
Peter Van Dyck 
Jos : RoyaU 
David Abeel 
Jacob Goelet 
Wm Hammersley 
Peter Zenger 
John Gaskine 
Thomas Stutt 
Brandt Schuyler 
John Van Gelder 
Andrew "vTarschalk 
Hendreckus Boelen 
Samvell Gates 
Daniel Waldron 
John Meyer 
Ad : Hardenbroek 
Peter Praa van Zandt 



Peiter Losa 
Peter Praa Provoost 
Saml Payton 
Philip Soper 
John Lashar 
Thomas Ming 
John Gilbert 
Wm Car 
Richard Noble 
Josiah Smith 
John Goelet 
■William Dwir 
Andrew Abrams 
Theanes Dufver 
John \V ilkiason 
Joseph Devoe 
Johannes Van Zandt 
Anthony Lamb 
J. Deforeest 
Christian La Grange 
Samuell Brown 
Tobias Ten Ejck 
Thomas Warner 
William Hyr 
Fredrick Line 
Johm Basse tt 

Jacobus Quick 
Abraham Quick 
James Carroll 
Elie Manbrut 
John Buckenhoven 
Joh : Blom 
John Man 
John Peterson 
Henry De Foreest 
Abraham Van Gelder 
John Tillou 
John Allton 
Teunus Tiebout 
Ralph Thurman 
Gerret Aarsin 
Chas Henderson 
Andw Myer 
Johannes Van Deursin 
William Gilbert 
Isack Wood 
John Wilks 
Jas : Johnson 
Jacob Rapelie 
Edwd Hukes 
Edward Anderson 
James Brown 

James Bussey 
Peter de milt 
John Faneau 
W. Dyke 
John Doukenbeck 
Robert Aikens 
Abraham Ten Eyck 
Joseph Evesen 
Jacob blom 
Johan Roerback 
Daniel Ebbeta 
Joseph Strokes 
Danl Smith 
Matt : Hobbs 
Thos Darrild 
Harmanis Stymets 
Isaac Gamier 
Abram Marichalck 
Henry Philips 
John Cox 
Francis Scott 
Willm Blake 
John Tenbruck 
William Gale 


To his Excellency 

The honourable George Clinton Captain Generall and 
Governonr in chief of the Province of New York And 
Territories thereon Depending in America Vice Admira,ll 
of the Same and Admiral of the White Squadron of his 
Majesties Fleet. 
The humble Petition of sundry Inliabitants of this City, 
High Germans, in behalf of themselves and othiCrs of the 
same Country But now Incorporated Freemen of this 
City of New York most humbly 

That Whereas, under his Majesties most mild and indulgent 
Lav/s and happy constitution of Government they do enjoy 
Liberty of Excercising their ReUgion according to their Con- 
science in peace and Tranquility (thro God« Blessing) and wliich is 


and alwaies was in the way and according to the Faitii and practice 
of Lutherans and it being ai'ter the metliod and manner of the 
Iligli Dutch and in tlieir Language occations tlieir being denyed 
and debai-red the priviledge of Assembling in Congregation with 
Th'other Lutherans in their present Church in tlie said City, who 
vary much from them, and more so, on the account of their 
Constant use and practice of their Religion in the Low Dutch 
Way, & who, by reason of very many ancient people as well as 
young Ones, most of them poor. Likewise in respect of the 
tenderness of Conscience, cannot ])e brought over to Learn their 
Language or Exercise of Religion in the Low Dutch way 
Therefore are and have been a Long time Separate from any 
publick Congregation for the Performance of their way of 
Worship, which all others his Majesties Loyal Subjects in their 
perticular Perswasions Have the happiness and benefit of wilhin 
this City of New York. 

Now Your Exc-ellency-s most humble Petitioners, humbly pray 
that, as they have the present oppertunity of a godly and worthy 
Minister to be a Preacher Amongst tliem from the same Country 
and of the same lieligion and Language with Your Excellencys 
Petitioners, And legally ordained, as in and by his Credentials 
and credible Testimonials may and doth appear, So, Your 
Excellency will be pleased to grant us your paternal Permission, 
to goe about this City amongst the Rest of our countrymen and 
fellow Citizens to a,sk and collect such benevolent contributions 
as they or any others Shall be willing to give or bestow for and 
■ wards the Building of a Meeting House for the Lawful and 
jjjublick Exercise of tlieir Religion as aforementioned & your 


Most humble Petitioners 
As in duty bound 
Shall forever Pray &cs. 
Philips Grim 

Johannes fetz 

4»> April 1750. 

Cristoflfer Bott lieb Creutz 

Granted. Mark Shaffer. 

»»• Thp building here piHiposed to be erected stood aftcrwaixte at the nort^ 
mia of Cliff Str est. 


To his Excellency tlie Honorable Robert Monckton 
Captain General & Governor in Chief of the Province 
of New York & the Territories thereon depending in 
America Vice Admiral of the same & Major General of 
his Majesty's Forces, kc" &c* 
The Petition of Jean Carll the present Minister Peter Vallade 
& James Desbrosscs the present Elders and Daniel Bonnet 
& Charles Jandine the present Beacons of the French 
Protestant Church of the City of New York. 
Most humbly Sheweth 

That a considerable Part of this Province and particularly of 
the City of New York, the Counties of West Chester and 
Richmond and a Tract called the Paltz in Ulster County have 
been long since settled by many of those unhappy People who 
flew from the Persecution in France upon the Revocation of 
the Edict of Nantz in 1685. 

That those wlio established themselves in the City of New 
York were enabled by an Act of the Legislature of this Colony 
passed in 1703, to purchase and set apart a Lott of Ground on 
which in the succeeding Year they erected a decent Edifice for 
the pubhc Worship of Almighty God according to the usage of 
the French protestant Churches, and the Residue they devoted 
to the use of the Cemctry or Church Yard for the Interment of 
their Dead. 

That they have ever since maintained a Succession of Ministers 
there, who have dispensed the Ordinances of divine Worship in 
the French Tongue once to a very numerous and flourishing 
Congregation, now indeed unhappily reduced by various Causes 
to a less popular Assembly. 

. That besides tlie said Church and Lott of Ground they enjoy 
tlie Rents of a House and Parcel of Ground in the Township of 
Breucklin on Nassau Island, charitably given for the better 
Support of the Gospel amongst them. 

That the said Lot of Ground in this City is situated on the 
North East side of King's Street and is in Breadth in the Front 
to the said Street Seventy Feet and in the Rear S-eventy five 


Feet and in Length extending from the Front on I)oth sides to 
Little Queen Street on the Easterly Side one hundred & fifty 
four Feet and on the Northwesterly Side one himdred and fifty 
Seven Feet and one Hali' Foot English Measure and that the said 
Hou^e and Lot or Parcel of Ground in the Township of Breuck- 
lln are situated near the Ferry on Nassau Island containing ' in 
Breadth Eighty Feet & ten Inches fronting the Road from the 
City Ferry to Breucklin Church & the same in the Rear, and in 
Length on both Sides one himdred and twenty five feet all 
English Measure, and are bounded Southeasterly by Land now 
or late belonging to the Widow Middagh & Northwesterly by the 
Land formerly of Hans Bergen. 

That }'our Petitioners who' do most cordially exult in the late 
Successes of his Majesty's Arms, hope their Congregation will 
speedily grow numerous by foreign Accessions, and are extremely 
desirous to secure the little Estate they now enjoy & transmit it 
to tiieir Posterity for the pious Ends for which it was originally 

And as the French Protestants in general may boast of the 
most inviolable Fidelity to all those indukent States & Powers 
who' protected them from the merciless Page of their Popish 
Persecutors — as your Petitioners in particular are the Descend- 
ants of a People who', suffered the greatest Hardships & flew 
from their native Country to preserve the Purity of the Christian 
Faith and Worship. 

As tliey tiatter themselves that a Fi-ench protestant Church ia 
this City may invite Forreigners of their Perswasion to come 
over and settle here increase the number of useful Inhabitants & 
be a Means to reclaim the Kings popish Subjects in Canada who' 
will visit these Parts from the Errors, Idolatry & Superstition 
of the Churcli of Rome & thtis facilitate tlieir hearty Submission 
to the British Government firmly confiding tiierefore in your 
Excellency's Generosity to aU Protestants who' are good Subjects 
& being perswaded that the zeal for the Public Interest whicli 
has so often induced you to expose your Life in the most 
hazardous Euterprizes will engage your Excellency's approba- 
tion of any Measure that may conduce to the common utility & 
the maintenance of the protestant Religion, Youi' Petitioners do 


therefore most humbly Pray for a Grant & Confirmation of the 
Premisses & that they & their Successors may be made capable 
to hold & enjoy the same by his Majesty's Royal Charter creating 
them a Body Politic in Deed & in name by the name & style of 
the Minister, Elders & Deacons of the protestant French Church 
of the City of New York and that they & their Successors may 
tliereby be enabled to acquire & hold a further Estate & to injoy 
such other Powers & Privileges as may be necessary for the 
orderly Government of their Church & the pious Purposes 
aforesaid specefied in a certain Draft herewith presented or such 
other Immunities & Powers as to your Excellency in your great 
Wisdom may seem meet. 

And your Petitioners as in Duty bound shall pray &<^ 

Jean Carle 
New York 1^ March Peter Vallade 

1763. Jaques Desbrosses 

Daniel Bonn it 
Charles Jandine. 


To the Honourable Cadwallader Colden Esq"" his Majesty's 
Lieutenant Goveraourand Commander ia Chief •rer 
the Province of New York and the Territories 
depending thereon in America .&c:a 

In Council 
The Petition of John Albart Weygand Minister Lawrence 
Eaman, George Peterson and Charles Beekman Elders, 
and Henry Rieter, Henry Bear, John Van Orden and 
John Snous Deacons of the Lutheran Cliurch of the 
City of New York according to the Confession of 
Humbly Sheweth 

That the Minister Elders and Deac<:>ns of the said Church did 
on the eighth day of February one thousand seven Imndred and 


fifty nine present their Humble Petition to the Honourable 
James De Lancey Esq"" then Lieutenant Governour of the said 
Province in Council setting forth among other things the first 
estabhsliment of that congregation in this City previous to the 
Conquest of the Dutch in the year 1664: and the several Licences 
or Acts granted to them by the Governours of this Province 
both English and Dutch since that Period; and therefore humbly 
praying for a Grant and Confirmation of the Ground whereon 
their Church was Built and the Country appertaining thereto 
scituate on the West side of Broadway in the Westward of the 
City of New York and that they and their Successors might by 
his Majesty's Royal Charter be Enabled to enjoy the same and 
also a further Estate and such powers and priviledges as might 
be necessary for Pious purposes. 

That the said Petition being referred to a Committee of the 
Council, they on the 14'h day of Marcli following were pleased 
to report that they had gone through the said petition ; and 
were of Opinion that his Honour might grant the prayer thereof, 
that the said report being agreed to &approvedof by his Honour 
in Council ; It was ordered that a draft of such Charter of 
Incorporation should be prepared and laid before the Board for 
its approbation. 

And your Petitioners do further shew unto your Honour that 
notwitlistanding the said Order no Charter hath been presented 
for the Incorporation of your Petitioners by which the business 
and Interests of their Church have been much Injured and do 
daily Suffer. 

Wherefore your Petitioners most humbly pray that your 
Honour Avill be pleased to Issue your Warrant directing his 
Majesty's Attorney General to prepare the Draft of such letters 
of Incorporation & lay the same before your Honour in Council 
pursuant to tlie before mentioned Report and Order for that 
purpose that your Petitioners may be no longer Deprived of the 
benefits thereby Intended them 

And your Petitioners as in 

Duty bound shall ever pray &c 

Sept. 29. 17C3. John Albert Weygand. 

George Peterson. 



Many Protestants of this Perswasion emigrated from Europe 
into this Colony at its iirst Settlement by the Dutch. When the 
Country Avas Surrendered to the Crown of England in 1GG4, the 
Ai'ticles of Capitulation seciu-ed to the Inhabitants their lieligious 
PriviledgeSj as well as their Possessions j and soon after the 
Surrender, Colonel Nicholls, Lieutenant Governor under the 
then Duke of York, by an Act under his Hand and Seal, licenced 
the Lutherans to send to Europe for a Pastor of their own 

In 1668 M' Fabricius being then come over as the Pastor, 
Lovelace, Nicholl's Successor, by a like Act Confirmed that of 
Nicholls J and gave free Liberty to the Congregacon to exercise 
Divine Worship according to their Profession. 

The Dutch in 1673 having reduced the Country, the Lutherans 
had then a Church witliin tlie Fortifications of the City, obtained 
Leave from Colve the Dutch Governor to Erect a Church on 
the Ground wliere the present Church stands ; the Ground being 
given in exchange for that whereon their first Church was 

By their own Growth and Foreign Accessions they at this 
Day form a considerable Congregation cLiiefly consisting of 
industrious Mechanics & Labourers. And within a few" Years 
particularly their Number is much augmented ; and it is no more 
than Justice to this People to say, that they have always demeaned 
themselves quietly and irreproachably ; and tliat their Chui-ch is 
of Publick Utility as it afibrds the Means of Worsliip to multi- 
tudes of Foreigners, who are constantly settling among us, and 
who understanding only the German Language, would otherwise 
be deprived of tliat Benefit 

In 1759 the Congregation presented a Petition to be Incor- 
porated, which being referred to a Committee of the Councel, was 
favourably Keported. But for some Reasons the then Lieutenant 
Governor did not chuse to Seal the Charter, till his Majesty's 
Pleasure should be known. For this purpose their Petition 
with several from the Dissenting Congregations for the like 


Pri\ Hedge, were sent to the Ministry ; and it was not till lately 
Lieutenant Governor Golden received Instructions not to Grant 
these Charters, as his Majesty saw no Reason which rendered it 

•Whatever may have been the Case with other Congregations, 
it is suljinitted to his Excellency, whether from the peculiar 
Circumstances of the Lutherans they do not stand in great need 
of the Indulgence they ask, upon these Accounts. 

1st Many years since a Member of their Church gave them 
two Houses and Lots in this City, which tho' of no great Value, 
are the Cliief Support of the Minister. The Deed is so inartificiaUy 
drawn that had not that Statute of Mortmain which annulls all 
Gifts and Grants in favour of Churches, been in the way, it would 
not nevertheless have Vested the Pee in the Congregation ; for 
it Conve}S the Estate to the Elders and Deacons by name, and 
their Successors; and they for want of Incorporation, have no 
legal Succession, and cannot Inherit. 

2'^ Some years since the Congregation sent two of their 
Members into Germany to Sollicit Contributions for their use 
among their Friends and Countrymen. This was attended with 
considerable Success : But the Persons intrusted, finding they 
could not be called to an Account by reason of the Church's not 
being Incorporated, Embezzled the Mony, never accounting for 
any part of it. 

If these Reasons were Represented they might probably have 
a good Effect, especially as his Excellency can receive good 
Testimonials of the People, their Poverty, and the Publick 
Utility of their Church, which could iUy be maintained if at all, 
should they loose their Houses ; and tliis must be the Case 
whenever a legal Enquiry is made into their Title : And indeed 
it has been already Threatned. 

The method to secure them a good Title must be by prosecu- 
ting an office tlu'o' the Escheator, as the granter is Dead without 
Heirs ; Incorporating the Church, and then obtaining a grant 
from the Crown. 

One of the Royal Instructions, which requires that no forfeiture 
or Esclieat shall be granted but thro' the Treasury and board 
of Trade, is no small Embarrassment to such a process, and 


must often tie up a governor's Hands from doing acts of Justice 
& Charity ; as considering the Important Business of these 
Boards, it is scarcely possible to attract their Attention to such 
ti-ivial objects. Two Cases have happened in the late Lieutenant 
Governor Be Lancy's Administration : One of Patrick Smith 
the other of Joliannis ]\Ialtz, who died without Heirs. Offices 
were prosecuted at a considerable Expence to those were 
conceived by the Government to have the best Title to the Royal 
Favour, and upon a promise of a Grant to tliem : But this 
Instruction being in the way, the Lieutenant Governor repre- 
sented their Case to tlie Treasury and Board of Trade, and 
asked Leave to make the Grant, and notwithstanding to this 
Day, m Notice has been taken of the Petitions or his Sollicitation . 

This being the State of their Case the Lutheran Congregation 
most humbly beg his Excellency's Interposition in their Favour. 

(Endorsed) Case of the Lutheran Church 
humbly presented 
to his Excellency Sir Henry Moore Bar^ 


Assembly Chamber City of New York 

Die Veneris 9h A M the 29th November 1765 

Mf Lott, Clerk to this House, presented on the 26th Instant a 
sealed Letter to the House, directed in the Words following Vizt 
• To the General Assembly of the Province of Km York 

Which Letter was delivered to him, the said Lott, by his Clerk, 
who received it from a person unknown, and was inclosed in 
another Letter directed To Mr Lott Merdf in jYew York, and the 
same being read was in the Words following 

" On Receiveing you are to read the inCIosed in the open assem- 

" bly of this province New York as you are Clark and whare of 

" fail not on your perrel. 


And then the Letter address'd to the General Assembly being 
opened & also read was in the Words following 


'' Gentlemen of fee hoiiss of Representatives you are to 
"consider what is to be Done first Drawing of as much money 
" from the Lieu^ Governor's Stillcry as will Kepare the fort 
" &, on Spike the Guns on the Battery & the nex a Repeal of 
" the Gunning Act & then thare will be a good Militia but not 
" before & also as you are a setting you may consider of the 
" Building Act as it is to take place nex yeare wich it Cannot 
" for there is no supply of Some Sort of the materials Required 
" this Law is not Ground on Reasons but tliare is a Grate many 
" Reasons to the Contrary so Gentlemen we Desire you will Do 
" what Lays in your power for the Good of the public but if 
" you take this ill be not so Conceited as to Say or thiuk that 
"other People know noting about Government you' have 
" made these Laws and say thay are Right but they are Roug 
" & take away Liberty, Oppressons of your make Gentlemen 
" make us Sons of Liberty think you are not for the public 
" Liberty, this is the Generel Opinion of the people for this 
" part of Your Conduct by order sign^ one & all 

Nov 26 1765 FREEDOM " 

The House then proceeded to the Consideration of the said 
Letters and having fully weighed and examined the same 

Resolved Nemine Contradicente, that the said Letters are 
Lybellous, Scandalous and Seditious, containing many indecent 
and Lisolent expressions, highly reflecting on the Honour, Justice 
and Authority of, and an high Insult & Indignity to, this House : 
and are designed and Calculated to inflame the minds of the 
good people of this Colony, against their Representatives in 
General Assembly. 

Resolved Nemine Contradicente, that the Author or Authors 
of the said Letters, is, or are, guilty of a high misdemeanour and 
a most daring Insult on the Honour, Justice and Authority of 
this House, and therefore 

Resolved Nemine Contradicente, That an humble address be 
presented to his Excellency the Governour, Requesting he will 
be pleased to Issue a proclamation, offering a Reward of Fifty 
pounds to any person or persons who shall discover the Author 
or Authors of the above Recited Letters or either of them so 
that they may be convicted and brought to condign Punishment 


Resolvrd Nemine Contradicente that this House will provide 
Ways and Means for paying the. said Sum of Fifty Pounds in 
case the Author or Authors of the said Letters should be disco- 
vered and Convicted as aforesaid." 

Ordered that Col^ Seaman and Mv Pliilip Livingston wait on 
his Excellency the Governour witli the foregoing Address and 
Resolutions of this House 

By order of tlie General Assembly 
Abrji Lott Clk 


To THE Kings most Excellent Majesty in Council. 
The Petition of John Rodgers and Joseph Treat, the present 
Ministers of tlie Presbyterian Church of the City of New 
York according to the Westminster Confession of Faith, 
Catechisms and Directory ; agreeable to the Established 
Church of Scotland, William Smith, Peter Van Brugh 
Livingston, John Smith, Garret Noel, Thomas Jackson, 
and Nathaniel M^Kinley, the present Elders of the said 
Church, Jolm Stephens and Peter Ryker, the present 
Deacons of the said Church, and Thomas Smith, White- 
head Hicks, Wilham Smith jun' John Lasher, Joseph 
Hallet, John Dunlap, Peter R Livingston and John Morin 
Scott the present Trustees of the said Chui-ch for assisting 
the Ministers, Elders and Deacons in the temporal affairs 
of the same Church, 
Most humbly Sheweth, 

That sundry Protestants of their perswasion who came over 
into tliis Province from Great Britain and Ireland, together with 
others Lihabitants of the said City of New York, many years ago 
entred into the Design of settling a Church and Congregation in 
the said City of New Y'ork, for the publick Worship of God 
according to the usage of the reformed Protestant Presbyterian 
Churches ; and that, for that Purpose, John Nicoll, Patrick 
McKnight, Gilbert Livingtoii, Tiiomas Smitli and divers otlier well 
disposed Persons, with the Assistance of the Charitable Coutri- 
VoL. III. 32 


butions, obtain'd from the Inhabitants of the said City, the 
Colony of Connecticut, and the Church of Scotland, purchased 
the Ground herein after mentioned, and on part thereof erected 
an Edifice or Church for the Publick Worship of God. 

That the Fee Simple of the said Ground being by sundry 
Mesne Conveyances vested in James Anderson, the first Minister 
of the said Church, the said John Nicoll, and in Joseph Liddle 
and Thomas Ingliss, the same on or about the sixteenth day of 
May in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and 
thirty, was by Indenture under their Hands and Seals conveyed 
in due form of Law, to the Moderator of the General Assembly 
of the Church of Scotland and the Commission thereof, the 
Moderator of the Presbytery of Edinburgh, the Professor of 
Divinity therein, the Procurator and Agent for the Church of 
Scotland for the time being, and their Successors in office, as a Com- 
mittee of the General Assembly of the said Church of Scotland. 

That by an Instrunrent dated the fifteenth day of August in 
the Tear of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and thirty 
two, under the Seal of the General Assembly of the Church ot 
Scotland, and signed by Niel Campbell, Principal of the Univer- 
sity of Glasgow and Moderator of the General Assembly of the 
Church of Scotland and Commission thereof ; James Nesbit, one 
of the Ministers of the Gospel at Edinburgli, Moderator of the 
Presbytery at Edinburgh, Wilham Hamilton Principal of the 
University of Edinburgh, James Smith Professor of Divinity 
therein, and "William Grant Advocate Procurator for the Church 
of Scotland for the time being, they then did, pursuant to an 
Act of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, dated the 
8^'^ day of May in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven 
hundred and thirty one, empowering and appointing them to 
grant those Presents, declare that, notwithstanding the aforesaid 
Eight made to them and their Successors in office, they were 
desirous, that the aforesaid Building and Edifice and Appur- 
tenances thereof be preserved for the pious and religious 
Purposes for which the same were designed ; and that it should 
be free and lawful to the Presbyterians tlien residing or that 
should at any time thereafter be resident in or near the aforesaid 
City of New York in America, or others joining with them to 


convene in the aforesaid Church for the Worship of God in all 
the parts thereof, and for the Dispensation of all Gospel 
Ordinances, and generally to use and occupy the said Church 
and its appurtenanc-es fully and freely in all times coming, they 
supporting and maintaining the Edifice and Appurtenances at 
their own Charge, 

That the said Church and Congregation greatly increasing 
under tlie Pastoral Charge of M"^ Ebenezer Pemberton the second 
Minister thereof, the Petitioners and others, with the help of 
further charitable Contributions, were obliged for the greater 
Convenience of the Members of the said Congregation to enlarge 
the old Church, and did accordingly in the year of oui- Lord one 
thousand seven hundred and forty eight erect and compleat their 
present Church, being an Edifice built of Stone in length .eighty 
Feet, and about sixty Feet in breadth : That the Ground 
whereon the said Church is built is situated in the Nortli ward of 
the said City of New York, on the North-easterly side of Wail- 
Street, and is in breadth fronting the said Street, and also in the 
rear eighty eight Feet, and in length on each side about one 
hundred and Twenty Feet, all English measure. 

That the said Congregation is since become still more numerous, 
and that they are very desirous to secure their said Church and 
the Cemetry thereunto adjoining and acquire a further Estate for 
the better support of the Gospel, and to enlarge their Cemetry 
for the more decent Interment of their Dead, and to enjoy such 
other Powers and Privileges as may be necessary for the better 
maintenance of the Worship of Almighty God among them, 
according to the Westminster Confession of Faith, Catechisms, 
and Directory. 

That your Majesty's Subjects of the Province of New York, 
Dutch and English, of the Presbyterian Perswasion, are a great 
Majority of the whole number of its Inhabitants, and boast the 
most undissembled Loyalty and attachment to your Majesty's 
Person Family and Government, and most sincerely and ardently 
pray for the Succession of the Crown in Your Royal House. 

That there is no general Establishment of Rates for tlie Build- 
ing and repairing of Churches, and the support of the Ministers 
of the Gospel in tliis Colony; and' the whole Charge of support- 


ing the Worship of God is therefore defrayed by and depends 
upon voluntary Contributions: and tho' a Freedom from com- 
pulsory Laws among Protestants of such various Denominations 
will render any attempts to force a Uniformity detrimental to 
the Publick Peace, and obstruct the settlement and Growth of 
tlie Country: yet since every Congregation stands in need of 
some Estate for pious Uses, and the suspicious confidence in 
private Trustees inevitably expose them to numberless Incon- 
veniencies and Discouragements the Governors of this and the 
neighbouring Province of New Jersey have wisely thought fit to 
grant Charters of Incorporations to sundry Churches both of tlie 
Episcopal and Presbyterian Denominations, incorporating them 
and enabling them to receive Benefactions, maintain a Succes- 
sion, and make Bye-Laws for the Government of their Members; 
and by this Means a sufficient Encouragement of religious 
Worship has been given without the legislative aid. 

Humbly presuming, that the Church to which Your Majesty's 
Petitioners belong, would have the same Countenance, a Petition 
was sometime ago preferred for a Charter, to M"" De Lancey, 
lately Lieutenant Governor of tliis Province; but as the Lutheran 
Congregation of this City, have been disappointed in a like 
application, and your Petitioners are advised tliat, for want of an 
express Power in the Governor's Commission, there may be some 
doubt, whether a Cliarter of Incorporation granted here will be 
valid unless Your Majesty will be graciously pleased to give an 
Instruction for that Purpose; and as the old English Statutes of 
uniformity do not extend to America; and the growth and pros- 
perity of Your important Dominions abroad, depend not only 
upon their enjoyment of the Liberty of Conscience, but the 
equal Eye of the Sovereign upon faitlifidl and loyal Protestants 
of every Denomination, and especially those of the two Com- 
munions established in Great Britain. 

Your Majesty's Petitioners most humbly pray, that Your 
Majesty would be graciously pleased to issue Your Ptoyal Com- 
mand under the Privy Signet and Sign Manual to the Governor 
or Commander in Chief of the said Province and liis Council for 
the time being and all otlier officers therein concerned under them, 
immediately after tlie receipt thereof, to grant and confirm the 


Premisses to your Petitioners and to create them a Body Politick 
and Corporate in Deed and in name, by the Name and Stile of 
" The Ministers, Elders, Deacons, and Trustees of the Preaby- 
" terian Church of the City of New York according to the West- 
'' minster Confession of Faith, Catechisms and Directory, 
" agreeable to the present established Church of Scotland;" and 
that they and their Successors may be thereby enabled under the 
Great Seal of the said Province to hold and enjoy the Premisses, 
and to acquire and hold a further Estate, and enjoy sucli other 
Powers and Privileges as may be. necessary for the pious Uses 
aforesaid, expressed in the form of a Charter; which, that Your 
Majesty may be more fully apprized of the whole aim of Your 
Petitioners, is hereunto annexed, or that Your Majesty in whose 
Grace and Clemency, Your People have the fullest Confidence, 
would be pleased to grant them such other aid, Protection and 
Countenance, as to Your Royal Wisdom shall seem meet. 

And Your Majesty's Petitioners, as in Duty bound, will ever 
pray; &ca 

John Rogers, Peter Ricker, 

Jqs Treat, Tho^ Smith, 

W"» Smith, Whitehead Hicks, 

B. V B. Livingston, W^ Smith juni", 

Jno Smith, John Lasher jun"" 

Garr^ Noel, ^ Joseph Hallett, 

Thqs Jackson, John Dunlap, 

Nath' M°KinlYj Peter R. Livingston, 

John Stephens, Jn^ Morin Scott. 

New York 
18th March 1766. 


Whitehall Jul V 29, 17(55, 


His Majesty having been pleased by an order in Council to 
refer to us for our Consideration and Report a Petition of the 
present Ministers of the presbyterian Churcli in tlie City of 


New- York praying to be incorporated by a Charier under tlie 
Seal of the Province of New- York for the purposes set forth in 
the said Petition, We think it necessary (not only from a 
Consideration of the Natui-e of the Petition in general but also 
as it refers to a like application formerly made b}^ tlie said 
Ministers to Lieutenant Governor DeLancy and to proceecliugs 
had thereupon) to send you the inclosed copy of the said 
Petition, desiring that you will, after having communicated 
it to the Council for such advice & Information as they may be 
able to give you upon it, report to us in the fullest manner, the 
present State and Condition of this Protestant Establishment, 
and also all the Proceedings upon the Petition alledged to have 
been presented in tlie administration of W' Delaiicy, and the 
Reasons wliy such Petition did not proceed at that Time, with 
your opinion whether from any particular circumstance in the 
present state of the Province of New- York, tliere are any 
objections to Complying with a Request, whioli in the general 
and abstracted view of it appears to us to be no ways Improper 
or luireasonable. We are Sir 

Your most ob^ Servants 
^. Dartmouth 

''■■; '■■''■ V';;?;^:.-/. John Roberts 

^ * -. . • • : - ■ ■'■ • W*^ FiTZHERBERT 



To his Excellency Sir Henry Moore Baronet, Captain 
Generall & Governor in Chief of the Province of New 
York and the Territories thereon depending in America 
Vice Admirall of the same kc^ In Council. 
The Petition of the Minister, Elders, Deacons and Trustees of 
the Presbyterian Church of the City of New York, according 
to the Westminster Confession of Faith, Catecliisms & Directory 
agreeable to the established Church of Scotland 
Most humbly sheweth 
That your Petitioners are informed that your Excellency was 


pleased, on the fourth Day of February Instant, to lay a Petition 
lately preferred by your Petitioners to the King's most Excellent 
Majesty for a Charter, and a Draft of the Charter they prayed 
for, before the Honorable tlie Board of Council for their Report 
thereon to your Excellency, in Pursuance of a Letter of Keference 
sent to youi- Excellency from the Lords Commissioners for Trade 
& Plantations. 

And as your Excellency and the Honorable Board may justly 
expect to be waited upon by your Petitioners to be ascertained 
of the Truth of such of the Facts in the said Petition suggested 
as may perhaps be thought to require Proof. And your 
Petitioners are extremely desirous to give full Satisfaction, and 
to enable your Excellency to report on this Subject to their 
Lordships by the return of the Packet which arrived yesterday. 

Your Petitioners therefore beg Leave in this Way to signify 
their Readiness to attend the Commands of your Excellency and 
the Honorable Board, and most humbly Pray if there are any 
Facts not so notorious as to require Proof, that a Note of them 
may be signified by the Clerk of the Council, and a short Day 
appointed for your Petitioners to exhibit the evidence that may 
be desired. 

And your Petitioners, as in Duty bound, will ever pray &ca 

John RodgeRS V. D. M. / por themselves 

New York 17*1^ February V and the rest of 

1767. ■ Jo« Treat V. D. M. V^^P-^''i°°<="' 


May IT please your Excellency 

In Obedience to your Excellency's Order in Council of the 4*i^ 
ultimo, referring to us a Letter of the 29^^ July last, from the 
Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations ; and requiring 
our Advice and Information on the Petition therein inclosed. 


lately presented to his Majesty, by the " Present Ministers of 
the Presbyterian Church in the City of New York, praying to be 
incorporated by a Charter under the Seal of the Province of New 
York, for the Purposes set forth in the said Petition." The 
Committee have duely considered the same, and beg leave to 
represent to your Excellency : 

That on tlie 8"' February 1759, a Petition was preferred to 
Lieutenant Governor De Lancey by the " Minister, Elders and 
Deacons of the Lutheran Church of the City of New York" 
praying to be incorporated ; and afterwards on the 14^^ March 
following, reported by the Committee to whom it was referred, 
and a Charter advised to be granted to the Petitioners — That on 
the 30' h March 1759, a like Petition was presented to M'' De 
Lancey by the " Minister Elders Deacons and Trustees of the 
Presbyterian Churcli of the City of New York" and referred to 
a Committee — That on the 9^^ February 1763, an Application 
of the same Nature was made by the " Minister, Elders and 
Deacons of the reformed Protestant Dutch Church of the Town- 
ship of Orange" and referred to a Committee — That on the 16^^ 
March 1763, a Petition of the '-Minister, Elders, and Deacons 
of tlie French Protestant Churcli, of the City of New York," 
praying to be incorporated, was read in Council ; and likewise 
referred to a Committee — And that on the 9^^ September 176S, 
the Lutherans by a second Petition, prayed a Warrant might 
Issue to the Attorney General; to prepare a Draft of the Charter 
ordered on tlieir former Petiiion ; both which Petitions, tlje 
Council advised M Colden to transmit to the Right Honourable 
the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations — That M"" 
Colden, whose Reasons will appear by his Letters on this 
Subject, did transmit the said two Petitions ; and received their 
Lordships Answer, by their Letter of the 15^^ July 1764, wherein 
is the following Paragraph. " We have attentively considered 
the Petition of the Minister, Elders and Deacons of the Lutheran 
Church, praying for a Charter of Incorporation ; and though we 
sh.all be at all Times desirous of concui-ring in any Measure, that 
may contribute to the Satisfaction of every pious Community, 
the principles of which are not adverse to the Religious Consti- 
tution of these Kingdoms : Yet it does not appear to us from any 


thing set forth in their Petition, that such an Incorporation is at 
present Necessary or Expedient." . 

Except the Charters granted to the Church of England, all 
the Instances of sucli Incorporations within this Province, (four 
only in Number) arc confined to the Dutch, whose Claims to this 
Distinction, are, the Committee apprehend, groimded on one of 
the Articles of Capitulation, on the Surrender of the Colony in 
the year 1GG4, by which it is declared " tliat the Dutch here, 
shall enjoy the Liberty of their Consciences in Divine Worship^ 
and Church Discipline." 

In the Petition now under Consideration, it is asserted as an 
Inducement to the Royal Grant ; " That his Majesty's Subjects 
of the Province of New York, Dutch and English of the 
Presbyterian Persvvasion, are a great majority of the whole 
Number of its Inhabitants" : This Suggestion, though it should 
be allowed in respect to Numbers, cannot be admitted, as to the 
Connection it supposes between the People of those twa 
Denomination* : The Dutch were originally part of tlie Church 
of Holland, and conform themselves to the Doctrine Worship 
and DiscipUne approved by the National Synod at Dordrecht ; 
Whereas the Prayer of the Petiti^iners, is to be incorporated by 
the "Name and Stile of the Ministers, Elders, Deacons and 
Truste<^ of the Presbyterian Church of the City of New York^ 
according to the Westminister Confession of Faith, Catechisms^ 
and Directory, agreeable to the present established Church of 
Scotland." — In regard to the other Allegations in the Petition^ 
the Committee discover no essential or material Difierence in 
the Circumstances of the Petitioners, and the other Protestant 
Congregations, not of the Communion of the Church of England, 
whereon to ground any Preference But it is asserted by the 
Petitioners, That " the old English Statutes of Uniformity, do 
not extend to America ;" Whether these Statutes, or that of the 
5'h Anne Cap : 5, which is made an essential part of tlie Act of 
Union ; do or do not extend to the Plantations ; is a Question 
of which the Committee do not conceive themselves competent 
Judges ; and which appears necessary to be determined on the 
highest authority, previous to any final Resolution on the Petition ^ 


lest sudi Incorporations niiglit be considered as repugnant \o 
tlie provisions of those Statutes. 

All which is humbly submitted ^ 

By Order of the Committee 

Jos : Reade Chairman. 
City of New York ) 
iM«h March 1767 S 


[Counc. Min. XXVI.] 

[Seal J At the Court at S^ James's 

The twenty sixth day of August 1767. 
The Kings Most Excellent Majesty 
Arcli Bisliop of Canterbury Viscount Falmouth 
Lord President Viscoimt Barrington 

Duke of Grafton Eord Le Despencer 

Earle of Shelburne Mr. Secretary Conway 

Viscount Townsend 

Whereas there was this Day read at tlie Board a Report from 
the Right Honoble the Lords of the Committee of Counoil for 
Plantation affairs, dated the 24**1 of this Instant, in the Words 
following viz' 

"Your Majesty having been pleased, by your Order in Council 
"of the 28^i» May 1766, to direct the Lords Commissioners for 
" Trade and Plantations, to Consider and report their Opinion to 
" this committee, upon a petition of the present Ministers, Elders, 
" Deacons and Trustees of the Presbyterian Church of New York, 
" humbly praying, for the reasons therein contained, that your 
"Majesty would be graciously pleased to create them a Body 
" Politick and Corporate, by the Name and stile of the Ministers, 
" Elders, Deacons and Trustees of the Presbyterian Chui-eh of 


" the City of New York, according to the Westminister Confession 
" of Faith, Catechisms and Directory, agreeably to the present 
" Church of Scotland, and that they and tlieir Successors may 
" be thereby enabled, under the Great Seal of the Province, to 
" hold and enjoy the said Churcli and Ground belonging to the 
" same, and to acquire and hold a further Estate and enjoy such 
" other Rowers and Privilges as may be necessary for the 
^' Encouragement of Religious Worship ; and that Your Majesty 
" would be graciously pleased to grant them such other Aid, 
" Protection and Contenance, as to Your Royal Wisdom should 
"seem meet — And the said Lords Commissioners having, in 
"obedience to Your Majesty's said Order of Reference, reported 
" to this Committee, that it appearing, as well upon the face of 
" the said Petition itself, as from otlier papers in possession of 
" that Board, that many Proceedings had been had before the 
" Council of New York, touching an application of the Presby- 
" terian Churoh there, for a Charter of Incorporation, it was 
" thought advisable to transmit a Copy of the said Petition to 
" the Governor there, with Directions to communicate the same 
" to the Council for their Advice and Information thereupon, 
" and to report in the fuUest manner, the present State and 
"condition of tliis Protestant Establishment, and also all the 
" proceedings upon a Petition to the same Etfect presented to them 
" during the Administration of Lieutenant Governor Colden, and 
" the Reasons why such application did not sucx^eed at that time. 
" That in Retui'n to this Reference to the Governor of New 
^' York he had lately transmitted to the said Lords Commissoners 
" a report made to him thereupon by a Committee of Your 
" Majesty's Council there, wherein is set forth not only a true 
'^'Account of the Proceedings and Precedents to which the 
" Petition to Your Majesty refers, but a doubt is likewise stated 
" of great weight and Importance in this Question Viz^ Whether 
" Your Majesty consistent with tlie Obligation "you are under by 
"Your Coronation Oath, founded on the Act of the 5th of 
"Queene Anne Cap 5, Intituled 'An Act for securing the 
" Church of England as by Law established,' can create such 
" an Establishment in favour of the Presbyterian Church as is 
" now requested ? Which Question the said Lord Comraissione* 


" conceive to be of too great Importance for them to decide upon, 
" but upon the fullest Consideration of Avhat is stated in the 
"Report of the Council of Ne^v York, they are of Oinnion, that 
"Independent of the objection arising out of tliis Question, it is 
"not expedient upon Principles of General Policy to comply 
"' Avith the Prayer of this Petition, or to give the Presbyterian 
' Church of New York, any otlier Privileges and Immunities 
■■' than it is entitled to by the Laws of Toleration — The Lords 
•' of the Committee having maturely considered the Whole of 
" this Matter, do agree in Opinion with tlie said Lords Commis- 
" sioners, and therefore humbly Report to your Majesty that the 
" said Petition ought to be dismissed." 

His Majesty taking the said Report into Consideration, was 
pleased with the Advice of his Privy Council to approve thereof, 
and to Order, as it is hereby Ordered, tliat the said Petition of 
the Ministers, Elders, Deacons and Trustees of the Presbyterian 
Cliurch of New York, be dismissed tliis Boaixl — whereof the 
Goveraoi; Lieu tenant Gove j nor, oi Couimender in Cliirf of-his 
Majegtj'-'s ProTdnce cl Kew Ycik. fi:r th€ time l:<!ii:g-. sad all 
others whom it may concern, are vo take Notice, and govern 
themselves accordingly. 

W: Blair. 



To his Excellency Sir Henry Moore Baronet Captain 
General and Governor in Chief in and over the 
Province of New York and the Territories depend- 
ing thereon in 4i^ei'ica ? Vice Admiral and Chancel- 
lor of the same. 

In Council 
The Petition of the Rector and Inhabitants of the City of New 


York in Communion of the Chiircli of England as by 
Law established. 
Most Hui^ibly Sheweth 

That your Petitioners by the Bounty and Liberality of one of 
Yoiu' Excellency's Predecessors