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Full text of "Documentary history of the state of Maine .."

Fib 
W128d 




*-.^ 



VU 



COLLECTIONS 

OF THE 

MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

SECOND SERIES 



W«!S^ 






SOLDeVTHt 
^aine Genealogical Scc/et/ 



F16 
M28d 

V. c\ 



DOCUMENTARY 

HISTORY OP THE STATE OF MAINE 



VOL. IX 



CONTAINING 



The Baxter Manuscripts 



EDITED 



By JAMES PHINNEY BAXTER, A.M. 



PUBLISHED BY THE MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY, AIDED BY 
APPEOPKIATIONS FHOM THE STATE 



PORTLAND 

LEF A VOR- TOWER COMPANY 

1907 



Copyright 1907 
By the Maine Histokical Society 



Press of 
Lefavok-Towek Company, Tortland 



F16 
lV128d 

v.. ^ 



PREFACE 



I HAVE been encouraged to continue the publication of 
my collection of Maine documents by the increasing use 
which is being made of them by students of Maine history, 
and as the present volume has to do with events which 
occurred in a particularly critical and interesting period of 
our history, I do not doubt that it will prove to be fully as 
useful as preceding volumes. I have to apologise for the 
reappearance on page 22, of this volume, of the short article 
entitled "Alliance with Maquas Indians, etc.," which con- 
cluded Volume VI of Documents. By an oversight it 
reached the printer with other copy, and was printed before 
attracting my attention. 

JAMES PHINNEY BAXTER. 

61 Deering Street, 

Portland, Maine, January 1, 1907. 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE OF CONTENTS 



PAGE 

1G89 May 11 Letter from James Weems, . . . . 1 
June G Proposals to the Convention, .... 
June 27 Alliance with Maquas Indians to be renewed, 

Letter from Thos Danforth. 
June 28 Government in Maine Continued, 
June 29 Commander of Volunteers to be appointed, 
July 1 Letter from Samuel Appleton, 

Wages of Volunteers, .... 

July 2 Order to raise three hundred men, 

Order relating to Maquas Indians, . 

Order for Capt. Church to procure 100 Indians, 

Mr John Stanton to procure aid, 

Messengers to Plymouth & Connecticut, 

Order for Relief of the Frontier Towns, . 

Order for Encouraging Volunteers, 
July 3 Order for strengthning frontier towns, &c, 

Order relating to friendly Indians, 
July 5 Letter from Wm Vaughan & Richd Waldron 

from Cap* Gerrish's Garrison at Cocheca. . 
July 11 Letter from Thomas Scottow, 
July 12 Letter to Lt. James Weems, 
July 14 Letter from Sam' Appleton, 
July 15 Letter from Silvanus Davis and others, . 
July 20 Letter from Elisha Andrews, 
July 23 Letter from James Weems, .... 

Letter from Sam: Wheelwright and others to 
Maj. Frost,. 

Petition of Jeremy Dummer, .... 

Letter from Soldiers, ..... 

Letter from Major Frost and others, 

Letter from Rob* Pike, .... 

Letter Samuel Sherborne to Majr. Rob* Pike 

Letter to Majr Chas Frost and others, 

List of Soldiers that ran away from his Maj 
estys forces, 

Deposition of Lenox Beverly, .... 

Letter from Silvanus Davis, 

Order to raise six hundred men. 

Order to take list of names,. 



July 


24 


July 


27 


July 


29 


July 


30 


Aug. 


2 


Aug. 


14 


Aug. 


17 


Aug. 


19 


Aug. 


20 



2(3 

22 

22 

23 

24 

2 

2 

3 

4 

5 

5 

6 

6 

7 

8 

8 



Vni CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 

PAGE 

1689 Aug. 20 Order to summon soldiers to appear before 

court, 37 

Aug. 21 Letter from Silvanus Davis, .... 37 

Instructions for CoL John Pynchon and others, 38 
Aug. 22 Order to send 25 men to Wells for relief of that 

town, 39 

Aug. 28 Letter from Silvanus Davis and others, . . 40 

Letter from Silvanus Davis, .... 43 

List of names, ....... 44 

Aug. 29 Commission to Jeremiah Swayue Comandr in 

chiefe, 45 

Aug. 31 Order to post soldiers at Groton, Haverill and 

Newichawannock, ...... 4G 

Order to march soldiers to head quarters, . 47 
Sept. 6 Order, relating to Major Sweyne his officers & 

soldiers, ........ 70 

Sept. 11 Letter from Silvanus Davis, .... 48 

Sept. 12 Propositions made by the HonlJie Col' John Pyn- 
chon and others, ...... 50 

Sept. 13 Answer of the River Indians to Col\ John Pyn- 
chon and others, 52 

Sept. 14 Instructions for Major Jeremiah Swayne, . . .54 

Sept. 15 Letter from Jeremiah Sweyen, ... 56 

Sept. 16 Letter from Joseph Prout, 58 

Sept. 17 Letter from Silvanus Davis, .... 00 

Order to Mr. John Alden, Gl 

Order to Major Benja Church, ... 61 

Order to Capt Simon Willard, .... 62 

Petition of John Day & others, ... 63 

Oct. 8 Letter from Jer. Sweyne, 64 

Oct. 15 Letter from Jer. Sweyne, .... 65 

Oct. 16 Letter from Richard Martyn & others, . . 67 

Oct. 17 "Letter from Maryland Re^l 17 Octo 1689." . 67 

Oct. 24 Order, to withdraw troopers, .... 69 
Oct. 25 Communication from the Commissioners for the 

United Colonies, 70 

Nov. 6 Order, relating to discharge of Soldiers & Indians, 71 
Nov. 8 Order relating to Majr Sweyne his Officers and 

Soldiers, 72 

Letter from Isaac Addington to Major Sweyne, 73 

Order in relation to payment of Soldiers, . . 74 

Six Rates to be Levied for payment of Soldiers &c, 57 

Nov. 13 Letter from Maj Sweyne, .... 76 

1690 Aug. 27 Directions to Capt. Alden, 40 

1699 May 27 Stephen Holden's Petition, .... 77 

June 3 Josiah Parker's Petition, 78 

June 15 Sami Austin's Petition, 80 



OF CONTENTS IX 

PAGE 

1699 July 7 Petition of John Phillips & James Converse, . 82 

Resolve in favor of Timothy Phillips & others, 84 
July 8 Resolve in favor of John Phillips & James Con- 
verse, ......... 83 

1700 Jan. 4 In Council (rights of fishery on coast of Nova 

Scotia), 85 

Jan. 10 Report of liis Majesty's Council in relation to 

Forts, 86 

Feb. 19 John Wilson's Petition 92 

Feb. 27 Committee for Eastern Claims, .... 94 
Mar. 4 Saml Sewall and three otliers named for com- 
mittee, 94 

June 1.5 Report of Committee, 97 

Answer to the Earl of Limerick's Petition, . 98 

June 17 Letter from James Converse to John Leverett, . 98 
Petition James Converse in behalf of John 

Baker, 99 

June 20 John Baker's Petition, 100 

June 2."> Petition of James Gouge in behalf of Wells, . 103 

June 20 Letter from the Select men of Berwick, . . 104 

June 28 Tho^ Jackson's Petition, 102 

Sept. 21 Notification sent to the Town of Kittery of the 
Resolve of the Gen^ Assembly upon the petition 

of the Inhabts of Berwick, . . . . 1C5 

Benj Nason's Petition, ..... 100 

1701 Feb. 2.5 John Wilson's Petition, 119 

Mar. 25 Jos: Hammond &c. Petition relating to Imposi- 
tion laid by ye Government of New Hampshire, 

and Resolve tliereon, ..... 95 

Apr. 9 Letter from Jacob Wyman, 107 

Apr. 10 Letter to Vincent — a Bigot, .... 109 
Apr. 28 Letter from Lt. Gov. Stoughton to Hon. Secretary 

Vernon, 110 

June 3 Letter from Lt. Gov. Stougliton to Hon. Secretary 

Vernon, . • Ill 

Letter from Lt. Gov. Stoughton to the Lords 

Commissrs, 114 

June 28 Petition of Nicolas Gowen & James Plaisteed in 

behalf of Kittery and York, .... 118 

Answer to above Petition, ..... 119 

Oct. 18 Letter to Con. Phip Esqr 121 

1702 Mar. 9 His Excell^^js Speech to the Assembly, . . 124 
Mar. 10 Letter from the Governor, .... 125 
Mar. 16 Resolve concerning Edw<_i Toogood, . . . 127 
June 9 Petition of Abraham Preble in belialf of York, 128 

Answer, ......... 129 

June 27 John Hathorue, Joliii Pliillips I't others ai)pointed 

committee, ....... 130 



X CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 

PAGE 

1702 Oct. 13 Joseph Bane's Petition, 136 

Oct. 21 Report of the Committee concerning Peniaquid, 1.30 

Governor's Speech, 133 

Governor's Speech, 134 

Oct. 27 Return of the Committee of the Council and rep- 
resentatives refering to the fort at Pemaquid, 135 
Nov. 3 The Council asking a Conference, . . . 137 
Nov. 4 Order for a Conference about Pemaquid Fort, 138 
Nov. 10 Message from the Representatives referring to 

Pemaquid, 138 

Nov. 17 Message from the Kei)resentatives about a Com- 
mittee to prepare an Address and Memorial to 

Her Majesty, 139 

Nov. 18 Order for Committee to prepare an Address &c 

about Pemaquid &c, 139 

1703-4 Feb. — Copy of Major Hilton's Journal, .... 140 

Mar. 20 Petition of John German, .... 143 

Aug. 5 Letter from C0I9 Dudley to the Board, . . 145 
Sept. 10 List of Wounded persons under care of John 

German in Casco fort, 150 

Sept. 15 Letter from Col Dudley to the Board, . . . 151 

Sept. 18 Copy of C0I9 Romers MemV to the Govt , . 157 

Oct. 4 Certificate of Capt. Simon Willard, . . . ICO 

Oct. 27 Letter from Coll Dudley to the Board, . . 160 

Governor's Speech, 162 

Nov, 8 Petition of the Town of York, . . . 167 

Petition of Joseph Bean, 162 

Nov. 10 Petition of John March & An Acct. of what 

he lost by the Indians and French, . . 164 
Nov. 19 In the House of Representatives, Resolve con- 
cerning Col. John March, 167 

Nov. 20 Letter from Shadrach Walton, . . . 178 

1703 Dec. 1 Answer to Petition of the Town of York, . . 168 

Representatives Answer about Pemaquid and 

Salaries Sent up Nov. 16, 1703, ... 169 

Petition of John Wheelwright in behalf of Wells, 172 

Answer to Petition, ...... 173 

Dec. 2 " Representatives Address to his Excellcy for the 
Redressing of several things therein mention^ 

present*! and read Deer 2d 1703," . . 170 

A List of the Persons receiving money ordered 

by ye General Court out of State Tax, . . 174 

1704 Apr. 19 His Exce^ys Speech April !!•, 1704. . . 185 
Apr. 20 Letter from Col. Dudley to the Board, . . 179 
May 29 Petition of Samuel Gill & Benjn Hutchins, . 186 
June 7 Petition of Lewis Bane in behalf of York, . . 187 
June 14 Answer to Petition, 188 



Oct. 


24 


Nov. 


1 


Nov. 


9 


Nov. 


10 


Nov. 


29 


Dec. 


27 


Feb. 


IT> 



OF CONTENTS XI 

PAGE 

1704 July 13 Letter from Col: Dudley to the Board, relating 

to ye State of Massachusetts Bay, . . . 189 
Copy of the Address of the Assembly of New- 
England to Her Majesty setting forth their Rea- 
sons for not complying with her Commands 
for building a Fort at Pemaquid &c — and for 
setling a Salary on the Gov^ and Lieut. Govr , 198 
Petition of the Town of Wells, ... 201 

Petition of Inhabitants of Town of York, . . 204 

Petition of W™ Briar, 206 

Resolve in the House of Representatives concern- 
ing William Briar, ...... 207 

Petition of Selectmen of Kittery, . . . 207 

27 His Excellency's Speech, 209 

1705-6 Feb. li> Letter from the Gentlemen concerned in provid- 
ing Masts to the Board, relating to the care of 
Col: Dudley for promoting that work, . 209 

1705 Feb. — A Memorial from New=Engld, relating to the 

French Settlements in Canada, . . . 211 

217 
218 
220 
213 
214 
215 
221 
223 
223 
225 
224 
226 
228 
229 



May 31 His Excellency's Speech, .... 

Isles of Shoals — Petition, .... 
June 6 Isles of Shoals — Petition, 
June 8 Petition of Arthur Beal .... 

June 9 Resolve in answer to Petition, . 
June 19 Petition of Lewis Bane & Joseph Hill, 
June 27 Abatement of Tax to York and Wells, . 

June 29 Kittery Abatement, 

June 30 Resolve concerning the Kittery Abatement, 

Sept. 5 Governor's Speech, 

Sept. 6 Message to the Governor, 

Sept. 11 Answer to the Governor's Speech, 

Oct. 24 His Excellency the Governrs Speech, 

1706 Jan. 2 Letter to Capt. " Dufcolliaun," . 
Jan. 15 Letter to Mr Sheafe, D. Collector, ... 229 

Letter from Gov. Joseph Dudley to Secretary 
Addington, ....... 231 

1706-7 Mar. 22 Letter from Gov. Dudley, .... 231 

Apr. 10 His Excellency the Governor's Speech, . . 232 

June 6 Petition of Jos. Hamond 233 

July 31 Letter — Pehl Whittemore to Andrew Beiiher, . 233 
Aug. 8 Order in favor of the widow of Jeremiah Jordan, 235 

1707 May 13 Speech of the Governor, 235 

June 17 Letter from Francis WainwriglU to Gov. Dudley, 236 
June 24 Letter from W. Dudley to Gov. Jos. Dudley, . 238 

Letter from Capt. Charles Stucley, . . . 239 

June 28 Letter from Capt Charles Stucley, . . .240 

Letter from William Dudley, .... 241 

Letter from C0I9 John March, .... 242 



Xn CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 

PAGE 

1707 July 1 Letter from J. Dudley, to Capt Charles Stucley, 243 
July 17 Letter from W. Dudley to Joseph Dudley, . 244 
Aug. 15 Letter from Col. Francis Wainwright, . . 245 
Dec. 3 Representation to His Excellency about the 

Forces, 246 

Governor's Speech, 248 

1708 May 10 Vote, giving William Pepperrell liberty to erect 

mill, 248 

June 19 Petition of Wm Pepperrell, 248 

Oct. 7 Letter from J. Dudley, 250 

1708-9 Mar. 1 Letter from J. Dudley Govr of the Mass. 

Bay, 251 

Mar. 27 Letter from Mr Bridger, 266 

1709 Feb. 3 Letter from Joseph Dudley, .... 289 
Feb. 4 Copy of Letter to Cap* Samii Moodey, . .289 
Feb. 7 Petition of David Jeffries, .... 287 
Feb. 9 Petition of Thomas Willis 286 

1709-10 Jan. Colo Noyes letter abt Snovz-Shoes, . . . 272 

Letter Rob* Pike to Capt. Benj. Larriby, . 273 

Jan. 27 Letter from Captp Moody, 274 

Jan. 29 Letter from Josiah Littlefield, . . . 276 

Letter from Josiah Littlefield to Thomas Barber, 277 

Letter from Josiali Littlefield to Captn Moody, . 277 

1709 Jan. 31 Letter from Colonel Dudley, Govr of New Eng- 

land, ......... 278 

1799-10 Feb. 11 Letter from Capt. Samuel Moodey to Governor 

Joseph Dudley, 290 

Feb. 14 Letter from J. Dudley, Governor, . . . 291 

Letter from Capt. Andrew Robinson, . . . 292 
Feb. 15 Letter from Govr Joseph Dudley to Capt, Sam'i 

Moody, 292 

Letter from Isaac Addington, to Col. Partridge, 294 

May 25 The Governor's Speech, 296 

July 13 Speech to the Assembly, 297 

Aug. 17 Letter from Mr Bridger, 298 

1710-11 Jan. 4 Appraisal of Mr. John Stover's Shallop, . 299 

1710 July 13 Capt. Samuel Moodey to Gov. Joseph Dudley, 300 
July 15 Capt. Samuel Moodey to Gov. Joseph Dudley, .301 
July 19 Governor's Speech, ...... 302 

July 20 Capt Samuel Moodey to (rovr Joseph Dudley . 302 
Aug. 17 John Usher Esqr to Board of Trade and Planta- 
tions, .303 

Nov. 1 Account of capture of small French vessell, . 366 

Nov. 25 John Usher to the Secretary of State, . . 305 
1711-12 Mar. 12 Memorial of the inhabitants of the Middle part 

of Kittery, 307 

Mar. 23 Col. Thad Walton to Gov. Dudley, . . . 308 

Capt. Samuel Moodey to Gov. Joseph Dudley, 310 



June 


2 


Oct. 


— 


Nov. 


7 


Jan. 


3 


Jan. 


6 


Jan. 


17 


Jan. 


26 



OF CONTENTS XIII 

PAGE 

1711 June 2 Petition of Lewis Bane, 311 

" Return of the Laying out the Head bounds of 

Kittery present. Octtob. 1711/' . . . 312 

Petition of Lewis Bane in behalf of York, . 313 

Answer to Petition, 315 

1712 Jan. 3 Capt. Sami Moodey to Gov. Dudley, . . 315 
Capt. Samuel Moodey to Gov. Dudley, . . 316 
Govr Dudley to Capt. Sam\ Moodey, . . 317 
Govr Joseph Dudley to Col, Walton, . . .319 
Gov. Dudley to Capt. Sam" Moodey, . . 320 

July 28 Letter from Commissfs of ye Indian Affairs, New 

York, to Col. Sanil Partridge, . . . .321 

Aug. 25 Col. Richard Waldron to Govr Dudley, . . 322 

Sept. 6 Col. Richard Waldron to Govr Joseph Dudley, . 324 
Sept. 18 Col. John Wheelwright and John Lane to Govr 

Dudley, 322 

Elisha Plaisted to his Father, . . . .326 

Sept. IS Col. Richard Waldron to Gov. Joseph Dudley, 327 

Ichabod Plaisted to Gov. Dudley, ... 328 

Sept. 22 Col. Richard Waldron to Govr Dudley, . . 330 

Sept. 26 Letter from Geo. Vaughan to Gov, Dudley, . 331 

Sept. 30 Gov. Dudley to Col. Partridge, .... 332 

12 Letter from Gov. Dudley to Capt. Moodey, . 332 

Sabastian Rale to Capt. Samuel Moody, . . 334 

Letter from Gov. Dudley to the Board, . . 335 

Letter from Lieut, Joseph Been to (rovr Dudley, 338 

Letter from Capt. Saml Moodey to Gov. Dudley, 339 

John Wentworth to Gov. Dudley, . . . 340 

Thos. Coram to the Earl of Orford, . . 342 

Further Proposals from Mr. Coram, . . . 345 

Estimate of charge for settling in New Colony, 347 

Extracts from Letter from Jeremiah Dummer to 

Secretary Addington, 348 

^lemorial relating to New Hampshire Province, .349 

Committee to prosecute Settlements, &c, . . 351 

Memorial of Sir Bibye Lake, .... 352 
A Perticular of the Lands Claimed by S. Bibye 
Lake and otlier Proprietors in New England 

Extracted out of the Indian Purchase Deeds, 354 
Apr. 27 Letter from Capt. John Gyles to Gov. Samuel 

Shute, 355 

May 19 Letter from John Lane to Gov. Shute, . . 357 

June 6 Memorial of Thomas Coram, , , . . 357 

June 13 Petition of sundry Proprietors of Falmouth, . 361 

June 22 Letter from Gov. Shute to the Kennebeck Indians, 363 

Nov. 29 Deposition of Richard Pearce, , , . . 363 

Dec. 5 Solicitor General's Letter, . , . , 371 





Nov. 


12 




Nov. 


18 




Dec. 


2 




Dec. 


8 




Dec. 


10 


1713 


July 


20 


1714 


Oct. 


10 


1714-15 


Feb. 


15 


1715 


Apr. 


5 




May 


25 


1717 


Jan. 


22 



xrv 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 



1717 



Dec. 18 



1717-18 Feb. 


24 


1718 Feb. 


13 


Feb. 


21 


Apr. 


15 


May 


28 



June 12 



June 
July 



Dec. 

Dec. 

1710 Jan. 



June 
Sept. 
Sept. 
1719-20 Jan. 



1720-21 Feb. 
Aug. 



July 14 



July 
Aug. 

Sept. 

Sept. 

Oct. 

Oct. 



Nov. 

Nov. 



May 1 



10 



PAGE 

Solicitor General's Report upon Several Claims 
and Pretensions to some Land between New 
England & Nova Scotia, 

Petition on behalf of the people proposing to set- 
tle the land lying between the Province of Main 
in New England & Nova Scotia in America, 

Letter from J. Burchett, 

Gov. Samuel Shute "to the Jesuit at Norigwalk," 

Letter from J. Bridger to the Board, 

Report of Committee appointed to consider the 
Memorial of Ellisha Cook, 

Petition of J. Wellington & others, 

A Copie of An Act proposed to preserve his Maj- 
esties Woods, ....... 

Memorial of Proprietors, &c of Falmouth, 

The right of Massachusetts to the Province f)f 
Maine, vindicated, 

Letter from Mr. Bridger to tlie Board complain- 
ing of the disobedience of the people to the 
Acts for preserving the woods, etc., 

Advice of Committee to regulate Settlements &c. 

Letter from Mr. Bridger, ..... 

Captain Cyprian Southack to Mr. Popijle enclos- 
ing various papers, ..... 

Letter from J. Wentworth to Gov. Shute, . 

Letter from W. Lowndes to Mr. Popple, 

Extract of a Letter from Cap: Smart, . 

Extract of a Letter from Nath'l Shannon to 
George Vaun, • 

Report of John Wheelwright, .... 

Report from Richd West concerning woods in 
Province of Maine — America, 

Letter from George Vaughan to Secry Craggs, 

Letter from M. Secry Craggs, .... 

Cajit John (jyles to Gov. Shute, 

Letter from Major Joseph Hammond to Gov. 
Shute, 443 

Letter from Josei)h Heath & John Minot to Gov. 
Shute, 

Lewis Bane to Gov. Samuel Shute, 

Edw: Hutchinson to Gov. Shute, 

Letter from Jeremiah Dummer, .... 

Cyprian Southack to Mr. Popple, relating to the 
boundaries between the French and English in 
those parts, ....... 

Evidences referring to Sam'l Martin's Land, 

Deposition of John Pearce, .... 

John Wheelwright and others to (Jov. Shute, 



367 



373 
373 
374 
383 

384 
385 

414 
386 

388 



417 

423 
424 

426 
429 
430 
433 

432 
434 

436 
440 
441 
442 



446 
448 
449 
449 



430 
451 
452 
454 



OF CONTENTS 



XV 



1720-21 


Aug. 10 




Aug. 17 




Aug. 25 




Sept. 22 


1721 


June 5 




June 19 




July 8 




July 10 




Sept. 8 




Oct. 10 


1722-23 


Jan. 24 




Jan. 31 




Feb. 25 




Feb. 27 




Feb. 28 




Mar. 8 




Mar. 20 




Mar. 22 



PAGE 

John (iyles to Gov. Shute, .... 4.o6 

Letter from J. Wentworth to Uov. Shute, . . 457 

Letter from J. Wentworth 459 

Rich'l Waldron to L* (Jov^ Dummer & Council, . 458 

J. Adams to lion. Paul Dudley, . . . 460 
Capt Sami :Moodey to Gov. Shute, . . .462 

Capt Samuel Moodey to Gov. Shute, . . 463 

Capt Samuel Moodey to Gov. Shute, . . . 464 

J. Wentworth to Gov. Shute 465 

Letter from Tendleton Fletcher 406 

Letter from Wm. Pepperrell Junr to Josiah 

Willard, 467 

Col. Thos Westbrook to Lt (Jov. Dummer, . 468 

Lt. Gov. Dummer to C0I9 Westbrook, . . 468 

Johnson Harmon to Lt. Gov. Dummer, . . 469 

Thos Westbrook to Lt. Gov. Dummer, . . 471 

John Penhallow to Lt. Gov. Dummer, . . 472 

William Hilton to Lieut. Gov. Dummer, . 473 

Lieut Gov. Dummer to Capt. Johnson Harmon, 474 

Lieut Gov. Dummer to Capt. Penhallow, . . 475 

Josiah Willard, Secry, to Capt. John Penhallow, 476 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

OF THE 

SXATK OF MAINE 



Letter from Jame» Weems. 

Pemaquid May IV'' 89 
Hon'' Gen*men 

This day ariued a party from new Dartmouth to Take this 
Fort and Seize us, not meeting w*^ anny resistance, I being 
willing to have Rendred it up before, had p'"ticuler Orders 
bin sent from yo"^ Hands or a line from S'' Edmonds Andross 
who posted me here, neither shall any man be more Readyer 
to p'sew the Entrest of y® true protistant Religion w*^'* I eur 
profest from my infancy. Not two hours before this fell out 
M'' Gullison a Rived from Casco Who brought w*^ him the 
Declaration of y^ English peers, w*"^ was so great a Sattisfac- 
tion y* I immediately went to M"" Gullison & ingaged his 
shallop to have represented to yo"^ Hono'" the affairs of these 
parts, of w*'^ by M'' Brookhoven yo'' Hono"^^ will be enformed 
& also of o"^ Readyness to have comeplied to yo"^ Desires. 

Gen*men I hope you will not beliue y' I am in the Least 
vn willing or vnready to appear & answ"^ what may be objected 
against me in Remaining here w*^ Maj"^ Brockets, my selfe 
w*** others Gen^men I not adhearing w**^ him, in opinion no'' 
burners, yet being obliged to stay in y® Fort, it being my 
Debt w'^^ I shall Honorably mamtain & Defend against all 
Enemies in Vindication of the Protestant Relisfion &, the 



2 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

maintainers thereof in the meantime Expecting to hear from 

r- 

I Remain 

Yo' Hono"^ Obedient Ser* 
James Weems 
Superscribed./. 

To the Hono*''^^ Simon Bradstreet Esq^ 
President of the councill of Safety and 
other Gentlemen of the Councill 
at Boston. 



Letter from Sam^ Appleton, 
July 1, 1689. 

May it please yo' hon'"s 

We are continually recieving information of the increase 
of y® enemy* Numbers : 

We hear Cap* Broughton was Last Saturday shott down 
going to Nichewanick: 

As for ourselves I find great heaviness in our peoples 
motion ; we have not one man Come fro Lynn & are informed 
from Cap* Marshall that none will come : 

From Salem we have but 6 men : wherefore I am necessi- 
tated to Craue further Assist*^ & Direction from yo'' hon'^s — 
& shall remain 

Yo'^ Hono" hum''^ serv* 

Sam" Appleton 
Ips July 1 : 89 / 

Wages of Volunteers. 

Boston: pr** : July: 1689. 
Whereas the Convention of the Governo' and Councill and 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 3 

Representatives of the massachusetts Colony are given to 
understand that sundry of the Inhabitants of Newbury and 
other Towns Adjacent do willingly offer themselves to go 
forth in pursuit of the Indian Enemy, haveing lately com- 
mitted depradations and Mischiefes at Cochecha. 

For Encouragm* to any that shall voluntarily undertake 
so good a service ; Its agreed that all those who shall will- 
ingly offer themselves to that service may Expect to receive 
Eight pounds g head for eveiy fSghting man that shalbe by 
them taken or destroyed to be paid in or as mony out of the 
publique Treasury besides the Indian plunder taken to be 
their own. The party or party's so going forth to be put 
under suitable Conduct. 

Voted by the Representatives in the 

afli'"tive 

Attests Ebenezer Prout Clerk 

Consented to by y^ Governo'' and 
Councill. pr° July, 1689 

Is* Addington Sec'^ 



Order, July 2, 1689. 

Ordered that three hundred men be forthwith raysed and 
detached out of the severall County* in proportion following 
Viz' Boston Regiment Sixty — Suffolk South Regiment 
Sixty — Essex lower Regiment Seventy Essex Upper Reg- 
iment Sixty — Middlesex lower Regiment, ffifty — to be put 
under meet conduct for the Security and Safeguard of the 
out Frontier Towns as well within this Colony as the East- 
ern parts, and for the distressing and destruction of the 
Indian Enemy as they shall have Orders and oppertunity. 
Warrants to be forthwith issued by the Secretary unto the 



4 DOCUMBNTAKY HISTORY 

Majors or Comanders in Chiefe of the said severall Regiments, 
Requiring them to grant out their warrants unto the Cap- 
tains of the severall Company^ in their respective Regiments 
to detach or Impress a certain number of Souldiers out of 
Each Company by an Equal proportion well appointed with 
Armes & Amunition to be at their place of Rendezvous by 
ffriday next the ffifth of July instant or sooner at Newbury 
or where else y® Majors shalbe directed The Governo'" and 
Councill to Nominate and Comissionate Suitable Comanders 
for them, and to give Orders and Instructions, for their dis- 
posal and proceeding. 

Voted by the Representatives in the 

affirmative. 
July 2<i 1689 / 

Attests Ebenezer Prout : Clerk 
Consented to by the Governo'" and Councill 
2^ July : 1689. 

Is?' Addington Sec'^ 



Order relating to Maquas Indians 

July 2, 1689. 

That the Maquas bee improued for the destruction of our 
Enemy Indians and for their Incouragement to pay them 
eight pounds for every fighting mans head or Scalpe they 
shall bring in And that vpon our treating with them wee 
present them with fifty pounds for renewing and Confirming 
our fonner friendship with them : And that forthwith A 
Meet person bee dispatched to Conecticutt to Joyne with 



OF THE STATE OF MAESTE 5 

those in that Collony whome they see meet to send to the 
Maquas for that purpose. 

Voted by the Representatives in the affirmative. 

Nemine contra dicente 
July 2'^: 1689 

Attests Ebenezer Prout Clerk 

Order for Capt. Church to procure 100 Indians^ 

July 2, 1689. 

It is ordered by the Representatives y* Cap* Benj. Church 
of New Bristoll be sent unto and intreated to use his Endeav'', 
to procure A hundered Indians Inhabiting y® Colony of New 
Plimouth of such as he may think fit for service against o"" 
Indian Enemie to be und'' the Command of s*^ Capt Church 
July 2^: 1689: 

Attests 

Ebenezer Prout Clerk 
Consented to by the Governo' 
and Councill 

Is^ Addington Sec^'y 

Mr. John Stanton to procure aid. 

It is ordered that M'' Jn° Stanton be Intreated to procure 
A hundered or more of fighting men of the Mohegens & 
pequots to be improved against o"^ Coinon Indian Enemie, to 
be und' the Command of s*^ m^ Stanton, 

July 2"^ 1689 : Voted in the affirmative by the 
Representatives 

Attests Ebenezer Prout : Clerk 
Consented to by y® Govern'' and Councill 
July 2^1 1689 

Is* Addington Sec''^ 



6 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Messengers to Plymouth ^ Connecticut. 

That messengers be forthwith dispatched to plymouth and 
Connecticut Colonies to desire their advice and assistance 
in y® present Expedition ag' y^ Indian Eniniies 

Voted by the Representatives in the affirmative 
Attests Ebenezer Prout : Clerk 
July 2" : 1689 

Consented to by the Govern' & Councill 
3° July 1689 

Is^ Addington Sec''^ 



Order for Relief of the Frontier Towns. 

July 2, 1689. 

ffor the releife of y*" frontier towns, exposed to many fears, 
being in continual! danger of being surprised by th' enemy 
Its ordered by the Gov' & Councill, & Representatives now 
assembled That y® Comanders of the severall Regim'* do 
forthwith give notice to y^ Cap*^ of their troops to meet with 
them, & Consult how the troopers may be disposed & 
improved as may best conduce to y^ reliefe & comfort of 
those y* are indangered. And the troopers as well those 
more remote from the frontier Towns as those y* belong unto 
them so to be ordered as that they may Joyn together in 
scouting upon y^ outside of the frontier Towns, in such wise 
as that they may observe the motions of y® Enemy & give 
notice of danger to y® Towns or farmes adjac' as any may 



OF THE STATE OF ]VLA.rNE 7 

appear: & they are also impowered to Kill & Destroy y* 
Enemy as any opportunity shall p'sent 

Voted in the affirmative by tlie Representatives 
Attests Ebenezer Prout Clerk 
July 2" 1689/ 

Consented to by the Govemo"" & Councill 
Is'^ Addington, Sec'"^ 
Julv 2<i 1689. 



Order for Encouraging Volunteers. 

July 2, 1689. 

That forthwith Drums be beaten up in Boston And Towns 
Adjacent for volenteirs to Goe forth for the succour and 
releife of our Neighbours and ffreinds At pascattaqua 
destressed by the Indian Enemies and for the destruction of 
s*^ Enemies and for their incouredgment they shall have Lib- 
erty to nominate theire officers, And shall receive out of the 
publicke treasury Eight pounds ffor every fighting mans 
head or scalpe that they shall bring in, and Care shall bee 
taken for theire provision And whatever Indian plunder falls 

into theire hands shall be theire owne 

July 2^ 1689 

Voted in the affirmative by the 

Representatives 

Attests Ebenezer Prout Clerk 

Consented to by the Governo'^ and Councill 

Is* Addington Sec^^ 



8 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

Order for strengthning frontier towns, ^e. 

Boston 3° July 1689 
The Inhabitants of Dunstable haveing represented to the 
Convention of the Governo"" and Councill and Representa- 
tives of the Massachusetts Colony, their great fears and 
apprehentions of Dangers of a Sudden Surprise or Attacque 
of the Indian Enemy, And understanding that your Troop is 
rallying this day at Cambridge you are hereby desired and 
Ordered forthw'^ to dispatch two party's of twenty Each out 
of youi- Troop well appoynted with Armes and Amunition, 
one party for Dunstable and the other for Lancaster for the 
Releife and Succor of those places, and to Scout about the 
heads of those Towns and oth*" places adjacent to discover 
and observe the Enemy* Motion, and to take surprize or 
destroy them as you shall have oppertunity; Order being 
taken for the raising of men for the Strengthning of the 
Frontier Towns and Suppressing of the Enemie, whereby the 
s* partys may be releived in three or four days. 
To Cap"^ Thomas Prentis 
At Cambridge 

These 
Voted in the affirmative by the Representatives 
Attests Ebenezer Prout Clerk 
Consented to by the Governo'' and Councill. 

= Is^ Addington Sec'^^ 



Order relating to friendly indians. 
July 3, 1689 

Its Ordered that y® declaraccon referring to the Indians in 
amity with us be forthwith published unto them by Cap* 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 9 

Tho : Pi'entice, & M'' Noah Wiswall, who are ordered to 
repayre to their plantaccon at Puncapaugs & Natick & when 
called together prudently to discourse them referring to y"^ 
own circumstances, in this time of Hostility with their 
Country men o'' Enemyes, and to lett them know y'' own 
Security is the intent of the Courts sending unto them, And 
if they shall choose to abide m their seQall plantaccons for 
safeguard of their corn &c the Gov"^ & Councill will then at 
the publ : charge choose & send some meet persons to reside 
among them, under whose conduct they must yeeld thems : 
or if they can propound any better expedient that will be 
more effectuall for their security, the Gov'' & Councill will 
consider thereof 

Also to propound to them y* y^ Indians w*"" are among y^ 
English from Peny Cook wamesit &c : may come & sojourn 
among them during y^ p''sent distresse 

3'^ July 1689 Voted by the Representatives in the affirmative 

Attests Ebenezer Prout Clerk 
Consent^ to by the Governo' & Councill 
3° July 1689. Is? Addmgton Sec^ 

Letter from W"^ Vaughan ^ Rich'^ Waldron From Cap*- 
Grerrish's Garrison at Coeheca 

S'"" July 1689 
May it please yo' Hon''. 

On Wensday evening Maj"" Appleton w*'' Between 40 & 
50 men (most of Ipswich) Arrived here Accompanied w"' 
Maj' Pike & yesterday morning w"' w* additional force wee 
could make march't into the woods upon the track of the 
enemy abt 12 miles to make wliat discovery they could but 
retum'd in in y* Evening w^^ out any further discovery Save 
y* dead body of one of the captive men they carried hence, 
nor Since o"" last has any of the enemy been Seen hereab* 



10 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

thd fear wee shall not long be qviet but doubtlesse the mam 
body are w*^drawn to a Considerable distance. 

We cannot but gratefully acknowledge yo'^ hon"^* Favour 
in takeing Such care for o'' releif & Assistance & are bold 
heartily to pray the continuance of the Same w"'out w*^^ we 
cannot possibly Subsist, in o"" last wee humbly offer'd o"' 
Opinion of the necessity of a Small pty of men whereby o"" 
people may be inabled to p'^serve their feilds & Cattle & the 
s** Souldiers ready upon any assault here or elswhere, to 
march to their assisstance W'^ may Contribute much to y* 
p'"servation of y® Country & facilitate y® doeing Some Service 
agst ye Enemy w*'*' wee are Comonly too late for. Wee have 
Obtain'd of Maj'' Appleton w^^ his comp*^ ( who w*^ not Stay 
w^'^out him ) to continue w*" us at p^'sent ( the rest being 
Voluntiers w** be under no comand & Soe are all w^'^drawn ) 
& must beg upon his removal another Supply else o"^ people 
willbe utterly discourag'd & necessitated to qvitt their Sta- 
tions at last, for o' Neighb" hereab* can yeild us noe assist- 
ance, Expecting daily y® Enemies assault on y™ soe are Stand- 
ing on their own Guard. Wee beg pdon for this trouble & 

remain 

Much Hon''' Yo"^ most humble Serv*® 
= W"" Vaughan 
Richard Waldron 



Letter from Thomas Scottow 

Black p» ll^** July 1689 post Merid 
Honor^^^ Gentlemen, 

These may Inform your Honours, that this Morning about 
nine of the Clock ante Merid - the Indians, Attacqued our 
Town of Scarborough, Killed one Man about a Q"^ of a Mile 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 11 

from Leif* Hunniwells Garrison, fired five houses one Barn 
next adjacent, gave them a Volley, laded two horses with 
Corn, marcht off. This day a Post from ffalmoth gives 
Acc°, that several! Gunns from North Yarmouth was heard, 
& an Allarm their given, two Swine killed on M" Gendle* 
Plantation, and Severall firings on Cheboog Island, the Enimy 
their deemed to be near them, Gentlemen if you please to 
Consider our Townes ( as our Town of Scarborough ) without 
your Assistance will be disserted, when our Men cutt off 
then too late & being in great disorder & no greater Sign of 
Ruin, & all for want of Assistance to See Commands per- 
formed (being the Epedemicall distemper of this Province of 
Main) without Some Speedy Supply of Men and Ammuni- 
tion for us, it is Impossible for us to gett in our harvests 
(& no greater Crops for this Many Yeares Seen) If your 
Selves See Cause to Releive us with Some Quantity of men 
and Amminition, to Offend our Enimy, defend our Selves, 
so that we may be able to Serve our God, our King, and 
Countrey in that respect will be of great Incouragement. 
Without your Speedy Assistance or Commands, our Town 
will draw off, having not forty men fitt for Service & three 
Garrisons, 

The Premises I thought good to Acquaint your honours 
with the greatest Expeditio & make bold to Subscribe 

Your Honours 
humble Servant 
Tho: Scottow: 

Letter to Lt. James Weems. 

Boston 12° July. 1689./. 
Lt. Weems 

Yo^s of y*" 23^'' of June ult came to hand being in a different 
Style from yo'' service, notwithstanding all Encouragem* 



12 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

given yo" by the Convention here to continue yo" Post in 
that place. Ordering that yo"" selfe and Souldiers should be 
continued in the Kings Pay the Inhabitants haveing also 
desired yo'' stay there in yo' Comand which in yo"^ former 
yo" seem'd to be contented with, though now intimate that 
yo"^ Expectations are raysed with hopes of some greater 
advantage and Hono"^ and y' yo'' dependance is elsewhere 
resolving to take yo'' ffortune with y® Gent" now under Con- 
finment the Reasons induceing thereto are with yo"^ Selfe, 
yet you might do well to consider how honorable or safe it 
may be for yo*^ to leave yo'' Post & desert their Ma"®^ Garri- 
son to be exposed to the Enemy, whenas yo" haue all 
Encouragemt for pay and Supplies now sent by M"^ Hobby, 
of Provisions and Clothing, the Convention haveing agreed 
to continue yo' selfe and Souldiers there under yo** in the 
Kings pay, and past y^ same by their Vote, M'' James Cooke 
infonhing that yo" did not so cleerly understand what was 
formerly written to yo" about yo' pay, which yo" may please 
to understand is fully agreed to by an Unanimous consent of 
the whole and that care be taken for y® preservation of that 
place, and of, their Ma*'*^' Subjects and interest there ; which 
if notwithstanding you do resolve to continue no Longer 
there, please to give yo" direct Answer therein that so Order 
may be taken to comit that comand to some other meet 
person. 

By order of the Governo^ & 
Councill Is*^ Addington Sec'^ 

Letter from Sam^ Appleton. 

Cochecho 14*'^ July 1689 
Much Hon^'i 

I have yo's of the 11*^ Ins* where in you are pleased to 
Aduise ( vpon my remouall ) to leaue the imprest men here 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 13 

vnder y" Conduct of Lif* Greenleaf now you may please to 
know y* of Imprest men here are only 10 from Salem & 6 
from Rowley, w*^'' with the 20 that came last make but 36 
and M"^ Greenleaf not being here, know not his inclination to 
this affair, & should I leaue those 36 they are so \Tigernable, 
would doe but little Seruice for Newbery men here are none 
those that came were Volenteers and fortw"' more Willingly 
returnd home, so that I humbly propose in order to securing 
the people that are here left & p'serving the place that an 
addition of 34 men to those 36 w*'' a Discreet Conduct may 
Suffice at p^sent for this place, w'^'^ I beg yo'^ Hon" to Con- 
sid"^ and favor me with an answare forthwith for besides the 
Afflicting prouidence of God vpon my family befor I came 
from home in bereauing me of 2 children, I have Just now 
adwize of the Death of a third together with the indisposition 
of my wife & the exterordinary illness of another of my chil- 
dren all which necessitates my hasting home, however I am 
so Disposed to the Defence of the Countrey and the p'^serva- 
tion of this place in order to it y* am very vn willing to give 
y* people of this place any discoragment by my remoueall till 
I have yo"" Hon*"* Answare, hereto w""^ I humbly pray you to 
hasten w**^ all expedition and if you se cause to send yo'' 
possetiue order for the stay of those men of Salem & Rowley 
that were Imprest men, who are full of Expectation of return- 
ing home w"* me, as to the enemy we have no appearance of 
any Considerable number, but Sundery Skulking rougues are 
Daily Seen both here at Kittery & oyster river o"^ Employ 
ment here hath been to rang the Wods and to Guard «Sc 
assist the people in getting in there corn which we are still 
Daily psueing this w*'^ my Humble Service is all at psent 
from you'^ Humble Serv* Sam^^ Apple ton 



14 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter from Silvanus Davis ^ others. 

ffalmoth tS*'^ July 1689 
Honoured Jentellmen. 

Thes in humble Submetion Com to Acquainte yo'" Honour's 
that vpon the 13"^ of this Instant M^ John Allding Arived 
at this plase with thirty Souldiers which hee Landed being 
parte for the Relefe of North yarmoth & p''te for this towne 
the one halfe Sill Davis Dispatched Immediatly to North 
yarmoth in a shallop with provetions & Amonetions & what 
else needfull for thaire p^'sent nesesety the other halfe 
according to orders are Logded in this forte the apperance 
of such Releefe hath put new Life in many of ou'' peopell & 
more espeshely a belefe that as yo'' Honors have begon soe 
you will Contenew yo'^ favourable assistance & protection 
ouer vs for which as Bownd in duty wee desire to Return 
due Thankful acknowlegments vpon Consideration of former 
Benifets & the present Relefe that thes Remote p^'ts have 
Reed from the masethusetts Colony wee Are Imbouldned 
To p^'sent & Lay before yo"" honou's the Trew Condetion that 
not only ou'' selfs but all soe the Adjesent Townes next to 
vs are in as for ou' Towne shipe it is Large & ou*" farms 
many are distant from each other & our peopell in the 
springe Improue theire time in Getting stores of Graine in 
to the Ground in hopes of an opportunity to Get it of but 
now Littell hopes by Resen the Indians are allmost dayly 
discovered aboute vs & wee have not strangth of men to 
Garde ou'" Towne & p^'shueu the Enemy & many of: ou'' 
Inhaebitance Are Gon ought of ou'' Towne & Are dayly 
Going of soe that wee Grow weaker & weker every day as 
all soe such a speritt of disorder amongst soom of our peo- 
pell that there can hardly bee Any order kept all though it 
bee for the presarvation of thaire owne & thaire naibours 
Lifes wee have sent a shallop wharein Goes Lif Clarke to 
p'"sent thes To yo"^ Honors hands hee being a man depely 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 16 

Ingaged in the affairs of this Towne that whare in wee Com 
short of writing hee may vocally declare ou"" weake Condi- 
tion & humbly beg that by him wee may Receve full orders 
to detaine ou*" Inhabitance that are yett amongst vs & all soe 
ifmay bee that thos that Are all Redy Gon from vs may bee 
sent backe againe & that thare may be persons deputed & 
ifmay bee Commetions Granted vnto soom meete p'^sons 
with Instructtions for the Regulating the meletio : in thes 
p''ts now in this more then ordenary time of damger // & 
wee Hunbly Crave if posibly may bee that more forses may 
bee sent vs with suploys for them that by the assistance of 
the Lord wee may not only be able to stand in ou*" owne 
Defence but all soe bee of force to assist ou'" najbouring 
Towns. & to offend the publick Enemy whare soe ever thay 
may bee discove^'ed Humblie Craving pardon for what is 
amiss in this ou"^ wrighting with ou'' prayers to the Lord to 
bee with you with his Gratious presents that you may Acte 
for the Glory of his Grate name & the Good of his peopell 
we subscrib ou' selfs yo'' Hono'"s moste, Humble sarvants in 
the Behalfe of ou'" Inhabitance as for ou"" selfes 
George Ligersol Seneo'" Silvanus Davis 

Jn" Browe Senio'" Anthonie Brackett 

George Bramhall 
Superscribed 

"es 

Simon Brodstreet 

the Reste of 

norable Councill 

Boston 
ent 

Letter from Elislia Andrews 

Sackadehock Garsion July 20'" 1689 
May it Pleas 

your honers This day som of the Inhabetants was 



16 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

going to the West side of the river to take in som catel into 
a uesel and som of ray men being desirous to go with them 
thare went nine of my men with them for thair seacurity 
there being nineteen in all\ and as thay ware goeing thare 
lay a Party of Indians upon Sackadehock Poynt against the 
Garason fireing upon our men and Pursueing them with 8 
canues thay killed six men three of the Inhabitants and three 
of my men viz henery dunwitt mark Emrson William hop- 
kinson John Vearin William Baker Charles hunawall I 
desire your honers to send Either a stronger Party of men to 
keep the Garason or to send me orders to Draw of the peo- 
ple for we are not able to subsest for all the Planters would 
go but I have stoped them for the present tell I her from 
your honers and thay are out of prouesion and I must suply 
them as long as I stop them and I have but litel in the store 
and If your honers send men to send provision with them 
and som bulletts and to send what alouans I must deliver to 
them no more to trubel your honers with all at present but 
desireing a Spedy answar 

Your Honers humbly 
Saruent to Command 
Elisha Andrewes 



Letter from James Weems 

Pemaquid July y" 2S^ 1689 



Geul 



Yo^s of y« IS^^ Instant I Reed And Esteeme Well of Your 
Just and Reasonable offers, by which I have prevailed with 
my Men to stay and Defend this place asureing them of there 
Pay for the time Past & to come And that by the first occa- 
sion You will send them both Money & More Men as for 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 17 

myselfe I haue more then Ordenary occasion being Con- 
streined to y® Inhabitants for severalls both for my owne vse 
and the Garrisons as ffireing and Candles &./ which Cannot 
be had without Ready mony — 

You Intimate of My altering My Style and Desarting my 
Post for the which I had More Just Cause then some of 
Your Countrey officers who Did Desert their Posts to their 
Great Disgrace. & Ruine of the Countrey. &c. I seeing My 
Men wholy Resolved to leaue Me. & being almost without 
bread. & we not hereing from you in soe long time. As for 
my Proposing of More Hono"^ And Advantage it is Not 
Doubtable were I Elsewhere : Neither is there any thing 
that Induceth me to be Confined here, as y® bono"" I owe to 
the King & y® Intrest of his People : / what Elce I haue to 
add I haue Comunicated in a hne to the Treasurer : And 
subscribe myselfe — 

Gen* Yo*" Assured Servan* 

James Weems 

Gen* I Expect Yo"^ speedy supply of about 10 or twelve 
men to be in y^ the Garrison for we are but weake at Pres- 
ent S" it is veriy hard that the Poore Man that brought You 
y® Captives has not been satisfied for his Paines as he 
Informes me be pleased to Resolve what I shall Doe. 
Superscribed 

To the Hono'"'^ Govern^ and Councill 

In Boston 
g m'' Hobby / 



July 23 1689 

Att eight of y^ clock att night. 

Maj*" ffrost these are to informe you y* Lieu* fiietcher came 
to Wells & brought two wouded men to Wells & y® Indians 



18 DOCUMENT AEY HISTORY 

has killed yesterday .8. or .9. men att Saco who were looking 

for horses to goe to y® Army after y® Indians but now are 

disapointed & Cutt of, & they judge there w* 60. or 70. 

Indians y* fought y* English, & they have burnt several 

houses, & destroyed a deal of their corne & wee judge now 

is y® time to send some of y® army Est to Saco, y^ people are 

not able to bury their dead, without help, & this day just as 

they came away they heard Several gunns goe off, & know 

not w' mischeif is done pray giue Yorke notice forthwith, 

not els y" 

Sam: Wheelwright 

Joseph Story 

Jn" Wheelwright 
To Maj"- Charles ffrost 

or y® chief comader 

in y^ Army 

hast Post hast 

This is a trew Coppie : as attests : Charles ffrost 

To the Kings Most Excellent Majesty- 

The humble Petition of Jeremy Dummer Agent for your 
Majestyes Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New Eng- 
land. 

Sheweth 

That the Inhabitants of the sd Province have since the 
Conclusion of the Peace made divers settlements in the Out 
parts of the Province and particularly two Towns, one called 
George Town the other Brunswick and are Endeavoring to 
make more, which will be a great defence to the Northern 
Colonies : will enlarge the Trade & further Extend Yo' Maj- 
esties Dominions 

That many French Popish Priests reside among the Indians 
in those parts & continually excite Men to Commit hostilities 
against your Maj*'*^ good Subjects whereby these settlements 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 19 

are much discouraged & may in time, if due care " is not 
taken, be destroy*^. Your Peticon^ does likewise represent 
to your most sacred Majesty, that there is a considerable 
number of yo'' MajM^^ subjects among the French & Indians 
of Canada who being taken Prisoners in their minority & 
bred up in Popery are by Flattery & other acts detained 
there to the inexpressible Griefe of their Parents & Friends. 
Wherefore Yo^ Pet^ most humbly prays that yo'' Majesty 
will be graciously pleas'' to use yo'" Royall instances with the 
Regent of France that the Govemour of Canada may be 
obliged to send home those of yo'' Ma"*® subjects who are in 
the French or Indian hands, and that no Popish Priests or 
other Emissaryes may be permitted to reside among the 
Indians within yo' Ma"®^ Territorys or that such other 
method may be taken for the Release of yo'' Mag*'®* subjects 
as to yo' Maj*y in yo' Great Wisdom shall seem meet 

And yo' Pet' 
as in Duty bound shall ever pray - 
no date Jeremy Dummer 

Letter from Soldiers 

Pemaquid the 24 1689 
Honor*"'® S'* 

The Reson of our vnwillingnes to Stay heare 

was wee were doutfulle that Care would not be 

|.B^ taikin of vs as fformerly and the Could winter 

g 9" aprochmg and our duty extrodenery hard and wee 

''l^ but a Small number of men not able to hould out 

^ 2.^1 with our fatick for to wach in the nights and part 

^ ggi of the day which wee most doe to be Secure of our 

§• ^s^g hues having bouth the ffrench and heathen nere vs 

5? but as wee are Commanded by so arood a Com- 

" g mander and officer one whose word of honnere with 

youre promise of present payment for the time past 



20 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

sence the Confinment of our gouinner tell now and 
for time to Com whareby wee doe willingly Consent 
to Continnew and give our dutyf ull saruis tell f urder 
orders from England and Exspeckting heare more 
men and mony for the time past by the ffirst oppor- 
tunity and so wee Shall remane youre moust vmble 
saruants according to youre promas 

This from the Soulders of the garrisson of Pema- 
quid vnder the Command of Leftnant Weems 



Letter from Major Frost ^ others 

July 27, 1689. 

May it pleas Yo'^ Hono""^ 
On y® 23*^ of this instant being tewsday Last there Came a 
post from Sacoe w*^"^' gives an account of Severall men Killed 
& others wounded and that they were so weak : as that they 
ware not in a Capacity to goe out of theire garisons to bury 
the dead and drive of the Indians which poast Letter wee 
Sent away to yo"^ but fearing it should not Come to yo'' 
hand we have thought meet to Send a Copie of the s*^ Letter 
here Inclosed ; Since that on thirsday Last majo* ffrost w*^ 
some others in Kittery prevailed to get out of Kittery york 
and wells 44 men and so marchtd forth to Sacoe : where wee 
got on fryday morning Early and found the Inhabitants to 
be in a miserable shattered Condition som of the principle 
men of that place destroyed by the heathen the day before 
we got there : there was Severall fishermen And others had 
buryed 7 bodyes being kild one being buryed before two 
others Could not finde but our Company being very diligent 
in theire Search found them and buried them they found 
al'so two guns & this was all they Could doe Except they 
had Stayed Longer which Could not be don because wee 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 21 

Expect euery moment that they will fall vpon vs at Wells 
York and Kitteiy and wee are not in Capacity to w"' stand 
them w^'^out help from yorselves as for Sacoe they are brought 
so Exceeding Low that they are Just Redy to desert it 
without Speedy Relefe: they have a great deall of Coarn 
near theire houses but dare not goe out to Cut it much less 
are they able to Secure it and if they goe away Capeporpus 
being gone alredy wells will soon be destroyd and then the 
next So in a very short time you may Conclude w^^out pres- 
ent Releefe the whole prouince will be wholy lost and left to 
the pleasure of the heathen had not those late Raballers 
made such great disturbance amongst vs wee should have 
ben in far better cappassity than we are : but so it is : ) that 
if Speedy help be not afforded vs wee except nothing but 
Ruinge there fore doe humbly Request yo"" Speedy assistance 
or Elce farewell this pore prouince : this wee thought good 
as our duty to give yo^ Hono'^s a short account of that soe 
when the p^uince is desert wee may not ly vnder any blame 
leaving the whole to yo'^ serious Consideration that so you 
may take such mesures as yo^^' in yo*^ wisdome shall Judge 
meet two of the Souldiers yo'"" sent to Sacoe are slayn in the 
late Combate : and the Rest Expecting to meet with the like 
if not Speedely Releeued the Inhabitants of that garison 
being all destroyed except 4 sory men wee desire yo^ to 
excuse our importunity : in Regard it Conserns the lives and 
Estates of severall hundreds and In short the whole prou- 
ince, / there was 4 men sorely wounded in the fight : not : 
Elce: but: Remayn yo'" Honor's most Humble : Servants: 
Wells 27*'^ July : 1689 John Dauis Charles ffrost 

Prouenc of Shubael Dumer Francis Hooke 

Maine Job Alcock Sam^^ AVheelwright 

Jos : Haiuond 



22 DOCUMENT ABY HISTORY 

Alliance with Maquas Indians to he renewed. 

June 27, 1689. 

That some meet person or persons be desired to goe up to 
Treat w*^ the Maquas to renew our former Aliance and to 
oblige them to send forth a suficient Number of their men 
to the easterne parts to destroy our Indian Enimies for a 
Consideration to be paid them for every Indian Enimies head 
or scalp they shall bring to us. 

Voted on the Afirmative by the representatives 
desireing oui- honored Majest^ consent hereunto 
June 27*^ 1689 

Attests 

Ebenezer Prout : Clerk 
Consent^ to by the Governo"^ 
and Councill, and that a meet Present of 
ffifty or Sixty pounds be made unto them. 

== Is* Addington Sec''^ 
3° July 1689. 

the above s"^ Sume Consented unto by the Representatives 

Attests Ebenezer Prout Clerk 



Letter from Tlio^ Danforth. 

June 27. 1689 
Hon^i« S' 

The inclosed came to hand last night by the bearer, who 
has farther to informe, & gives such a character of y^ Indians 

y*^ brought y" report as gives great cause to feare it is to 

true. & will inform of y** names who they are, & y® manner 
y* they have plotted their designes. Something must of 
necessity be done, or matters will grow worse. I understand 
Hawkins is a principle Enemy & y*^ he threatens who ever 



OF THE STATE OF MADSTE 23 

come Indians or English to treat, they will knock them on 
y* head, they are a Company of young meen— 30. in a com- 
pany, they have a speciall designe ag^ Major Waldron & 
Peter Coffin. & under p'"^tence of trade intend to surprise 
them & y* speedily. I am much affraid if there be not speedy 
Course taken their Companies will increase. 

I must beg excuse for my absence to day^ for by y® provi- 
dence of God I am detayned. 

God direct 

S'' from yo"" humble serv* 



Tho« Danforth. 



I intreat y* Major 
Waldren may have 
speedy notice, better to 
send on purpose, y° omitt. 



Grovernment in Maine Continued 

June 28, 1689. 
It is Declared that Thomas Danforth Esq"" President 
and others named with him in the Comission for Gov- 
ernment within the Province of Mayne formerly 
granted by the Governour and Company of the Mas- 
sachusetts Bay, are continued in the Exercise of the 
Government over that Province and the Inhabitants 
thereof untill farther Order./. 
Boston 28° June. 1689 

Voted by the Representatives 
in the affirmative. 
Attests Ebenezer Prout. Clerk 
Dated as above s** 

Consented to by the Govern^ and Councill 
28° June 1689 Is'' Addington Sec^y 



24 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Commander of Volunteers to he appointed. 

June 29, 1689. 
Voated by the Representatives 

that Some 
meet person or persons be apointed & Comisionated to 
comand a party of volunteires to be raised by Beate of Drum 
to be improved as a fflying Army on our ffrontier Townes 
&c for the destruction of our Indian Enimies & for compen- 
sation for theire Servis they shall be paid out of the pub- 
lique Treasury So much for every head or Scalp of our 
Indian Enimies they shall bring in, as the Governor «fe Coun- 
cill shall Judge meet not exceding ten pounds p'' head in or 
as mony respect being had to the Quality of the Enimie 
taken or destroyd & what ever Indian plunder they can 
take shall be theire owne. 

June 29*'' 1689 : 

Attests Ebenezer Prout Clerk 



Letter from Ro¥ Pike. 

Salsbury July 29 1689 
May it please your honors 

Just now came the inclosed from Cap* Sherburn and I 
sent a copy thereof imediatly to M"" John March of Newbery 
whose mosion was this day expected to haverell whear thay 
expected to meet with som from your parts and so Imediatly 
for penikook on w'^'' designe divers of our towne & others 
wear prepared to go with them whom we expected ouer this 
morning according to agreement but instead thereof Just 
now ar 2 of haverell men com over from him ( that sayth ) 
that by means of som Discuragment from Haverhill all is 
knockt in y^ head : I asked w^ discouridgment it was ( and 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 25 

thay say s^ March ) that sending his brother to haverell for 
intihgenc of thayr forwardnes M' Waynrite told him that it 
was not aproved of by their towne nor by the Maj*^ nor him- 
self nor wear any other to com ther from other places nor 
non out of thair towne but : 2 : or : 3 : sory fellows so the 
designe is retarded ( as it was out before in the day of it 
I dout not but the Slauter at Saco is Com to your hands and 
that at Zagadehok on Lords day : 28 : Instant Came a letter 
to me & capt church from portsmoth signifying that 
the pvinc forses had thayr Randevovs at Newichewanck 
on wesday: 12*^ Instant and that at y^ news of the slater 
aforsayd at Saco Maj"" frost and cap' Bragendin parting from 
the rest went estward to those parts — but Capt Winkal and 
the rest about 160 or: 170 : the : 26: Instant he past over a 
brook for pigwoket & from thenc sent bake the horses by 
13: men desiring them to be ther againe with pvision on 
wednsday y® Last instant : and thay wear in the meanwhile 
to go to the Indian hed quarters on y® est of the pond : the 
portmoth men desired from vs som men to have made y^ con- 
voy stronger but by reson of the sudanes of it and the pres- 
ent mosion to penicook and our men being som now at 
haverell we could afford y™ non ( and now ) all that design 
being quasht is very grivous to all with vs : and lookt vpon 
as a sad omiin w'' wilbe next God only knows I only thought 
my duty to give your honers notis speedily peopl in these 
solem cases think & say much the Lord unite your counsells 
and the peopls harts w'^'' ar extreamly put out of fram that 
we may be a peopl saved of y® Lord tho a peopl that distroy 
our selvs : I am your honers most humble servant 

Rob* Pike 
the bearer hearof say that ther is yet hope if incuradged by 
your honers his resons or w' els nesesary he wilbe present 
with you to Inform you. 



26 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter Samuel Sherborne to Maj. Ro¥ Pike. 

Hampton July 30 1689 
Majer Pike Sir Thes are to informe you that this last night 
Thare came news to me from Exeter that one of Phillip 
Cromwells sons Came yesterday from Oyster River where 
were 20 Endiens seen and severall Houses Burning About 
20 English Ishued out to beat them off amany guns were 
herd goe oft' but he coming away whill it was a doing we 
have not as yitt any account of what harme is ther done and 
we thanke you for your Care about our Conuoy : although 
no : help could be procured there is but a few Could be pro- 
cured with us the notice was so suddaine but thos that are 
gon: went yesterday when it was almost night they were 
Avilling to stay no longer. When I have account fother 
from Oyster I will send to you not Els att pressent ffrom 
your ffriend 

Samuell Sherborne 

Superscribed 

Thes for the Worshipful! 

Major Robert Pike 

att Salisbery or Els 

where 

Hast post Hast 



Proposals to the Convention. 

14. 6. 89 // Proposalls to be Considered by y® Gen" 
Convention 

1. That y* warr ag^ y® Indian Enemy be Vigorously fol- 
lowed 

past 

2. for y* end, an Impress be forthwith made of 600 or 
800 men 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 27 

3. That their Randevouz be in y^ frontier Towns 

past 

4. That a Councill of warr be chosen & impowred to man- 
nage y^ warr & all officers necessary to that end, 

past 

5. That all warrants for an Impress be speedily Executed 
& obeyed on a severe penalty past 

6. That where the militia in y^ severall Towns are not 
setled as the law directs, The Councill shall noininate 
meet persons &, give them Cornission for their Ma"* 
Service. 

7. That Henceforth all paym'* to Soldiers & salleries be 
made in country pay, & their allowance to be pro- 
porcconable — 

8. That a Comittee be chosen to Collect the Country 
debts, & make return y'' of to this Session 

passed 

9. That y^ tumultuous disorder of those y* opposed the 
Councills order for y® removall of M'' Dudley, under 
10000 baile, be severely testified ag*. 

10. That where Constables are not chosen & sworn in any 
Town as y^ law directs, the County court or any 3 : of 
y^ Mag*s be impowred to appoynt & sweare meet per- 
sons for y"' Ma"** Service in y' office / / 

passed 

11. That all householders & Soldiers belonging to y® East- 
ern pts, & are come away from their severall planta- 
cons an account of their names be by a Comittee of this 
Court forthw'^'* taken, & return made to this Court. 

passed 



28 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

12. That those drawn from y® Eastern pts be injoyned to 
return againe to their severall places, excepting those 
plantacons y* are deserted. 

13. That y® new sloop in y" mill creek be well fitted And 
A sutable command'' pruided y* may have A care of 
her & be Alwaies in a readines for y® Countrey Service. 

14. That a Coinittee be appoynted forthwith to Exain. the 
Countryes stoare of ainunition & powder & shott. 

15. That y® Trer be ordered to purchase such powder & 
shott as will be necessary to fill up y® Countryes 
stoare./ 



Letter to Maj^ Ohas Frost ^ others. 

Boston 2" of August 1689 
Gent" 

Yo'"s of the 27"' July last past directed unto the Governo'" 
and Councill came to hand, who are not unsensible of the 
troubles and distresses upon yo" by the Heathen Enemy and 
have not been wanting in their thoughts and care for you, 
and readiness to afford assistance to yo"^ province, and have 
at severall times upon application made, sent forth men 
Ainunition and provisions unto the respective places where 
they have been desired, though it's not without considerable 
difficulty to rayse men in the present juncture of time being 
harvest Season and under the present circumstance of affaires 
and many of the out Towns of this Colony lying open to the 
fury of the Enemy necessity requires their being strengthned ; 
Notwithstanding are willing and do Resolve to afford yo^ 
assistance to their power and have written unto the other 
Colony* to informe them of the present distress by the Enemy, 
and to pray their advice and assistance in the procuring of some 



OF THE STATE Off MAINE 29 

Friend Indians to joyne with a body of English to forme an 
Army to go forth against the Enemy lookeing at o*" Selves 
and all the English in the severall Governments throughout 
the whole Country to be concerned in this matter against a 
Common Enemy, though at present onely actually engaged 
against yo'' Selves, our Bretheren ffriends Neighbors & Sub- 
jects of the same Crown, daily Expecting their Answer and 
in the meantime shall Endeavour to releive Saco, and what 
else is necessary. And have not to charge our Selves to be 
wanting in what we have been capable of doing for the 
releife of that Province as Some have unworthily reflected 
upon us as not enough concern'* for the same. Comending 
you to the Protection of God we are, Gent 

Superscribed. / . Yo' assured and faithfull 

For ffriends 

Major Charles Frost o -r> i 

Mr Francis Hooke &ca . S: Bradstreet 

In the Province t> j p i. 

of Maine % <^i'der & consent 

These. / . of the Councill 



List. 

August 14th, 1689. the List of the Souldiers that Run 
away from his Majestys forces from forte Loyall & Like 
wisse what thay stole & Carried away. 

viz. Jn° Hill Corpll = Jn<> Wattkms = Jn° Lord = William 
Neff = Will Benett = James Danell = Rich: phipes = in all 
7 men. 

stole from forte one watch coate Dufels 15 ] 

one Bed case 10 I 

3 Bags sartan what more vnsartan 12 ! 

14 b powder 14 T 

Tow hwendred musquitt & Corbine shott ) 
abt 14 b i 5 



2: 16: 



30 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



from Phillip one Goon 

Merrenn 1 pf shoes 5'. 1 p'' Stockns 2» 6<i 
1 p'' Briches 

Horn & Amonition 



1 10 01 
7 6 [v2 
40 i 



1. 6 



from Jonathan 
Denham 



1 cote 

1 caster hatt 

1 pr Briches 

1 pr shoes 5» 1 p'' hoos 4» 

mony 

Amonetion 



2 00 
1 00 
18 
90 
90 



-4. 16. 



from Jno one Brass Goon 

Sanderson 1 caster 

1 snap sacke 12'i 2 p"" stokns ®)8 v xu « ■ 

1 quilted cap 2' 6^ 1 silke neck c loth 2' 6'^ 5 j 
Amonetion 



2 10 0^ 
10 f 



5 



from 
Ezekill Bisco 



one pr Briches 

1 coate 

Oatoch Boxe & horen 

Amonetion 



40^ 

TO j>0 
36 



14 6 



from 

Nicolas Gorsey 



one coate 
1 Large Briches 
1 pf woosted hoos: pr shoos 
1 snap sacke 
Amonetion — *- 



1 


501 





80l 





70 





20 



1-2; 2 



from 

John Bussbee 



one p' shoes 

1 catoch Boxe 2' 6 1 neck cloth 2« 



Amonetion 



40 

4 6!'0: 



8 6 



from Jno Webe one sord 



from Sargnt Samll Falno 
from Qovr Rob. Borror 



1 sord 

3 silke nek cloths 

4 Bottells 



10 0\ 
18 Oj ^• 



o|«= 



8 



10 



lJ-1-6 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 31 

Deposition of Lenox Beverly Aug 17^ 1689. 

Lenox Beverly aged ab* 25 : years being sworn saith that 
he being soldjer at Penyquid y® winter time 1688 : where 
was Cap' Gen" S*" Edm : Andross Kn* there came to y® fort 
where S"" Edm. then was two squaws the one Madochawon- 
does sister & y^ other Moxis wife as was said, & two other 
Indian women that went along with them, they were in the 
fort with S'" Edm : two dayes & when they came forth they 
seemed to be halfe drunk. This Deponant & Peter Ripley 
was comanded to guard these Squaws from Penyquid to New 
harbour, being in distance ab* two miles, and as wee passed 
on y* way Madochowondoes Sqaw Layd down her burden in 
the snow, & comanded the Depon' to take it up : wherevpon 
y® Depon* look* into y® basket, & saw a small bag w*^^ he 
opened & found it to be Gunpowder w'''' he Judged five 
pound w*, and a bag of bullitts of a greater w*^, and the w* of 
y* baskett I took up was as much as y® Depon* could well 
cary along. & y^ other 3 : Squaws had each one of them their 
baskett w*^** appeared to be rather of greater then lesser bur- 
den y"^ y* y® Depon* caryed, w*^** were all of them loaden & 
brought out of y^ fort, and Modachowandos Squaw said shee 
had y® powder of S*^ Edm : and added y* shee was to come 
againe to him within 4 : dayes : 
Boston 17" August 1689. Lenox X Bewerly 

~ his mark 

Sworn in Councill 

attest' Is* Addington Sec'^^ 

This convent? haueing pased an order drawn by the Presid* of 
the Province of Mayne impowering Capt Silvanus Davis, Cap* 
Anthony Brackett. L* George Ingerson, L* Thadeus Clark, 
Elisha Gunnison & L* Elisha Andrews a coinittee for regu- 
lating the affaires of the plantaccon of falmouth, and for the 
ordering and disposeing y® people into Garrisons, Scoutings. 
watches, & wardings and for regulating the militia of y** 



32 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Town for their defence & destruccone of y® Enemy, Do 
approve thereof, and the hke order to be made for other 
Towns in y* Province of Suitable persons in their respective 
Towns. 17? Aug? 1689. Approved of by the Governo' and 
Couucill. 

Is* Addington Sec'^ 
Consented to by the Representatives 
IT" Aug. 1689. Ebenezer Prout Clerk 



Letter from Silvanus Davis. 

Fallmoth 19th. Aug 1689 

Honored ) ,, 
Worthy I gentlemen 

Thes in humble submetion Com to aquainte yo^ Honon^'s 
that as y" wee have made noe Discovery of the Enemy naj- 
ther by land nor water y" som of ou'" scouts are Dayly abrode 
By Wallter & Land pray God keepe them of from vs for 
shoold they Com in a Grate body wee are but in a weake 
Condition to Reeeve them: vpon the 12*^ of this instant 
soom time in the night thare Arived a Catch & Came to 
Ancor about 4 mile from this forte, early in the morning 
( when wee Beate the Revalle to Call all ou*" men to Geather 
on thaire Arms the which wee doe 2 or 3 times a day to 
p^'vent supprisell ) wee see a Long Boate with 3 hands in her 
Coming vp toward the Towne ohen Boate Came to the shore 
& the men one of the men Called Jn° Darby a knowne fish- 
erman Belonging to Salom Came ashore to mee the other 2 
men filed soom waiter I Demanded of Jn° Darby from 
whence thay came hee said from Kape Sabells a fishing the 
Catch beloning to Salom one Allen Chard of Salom another 
& all soe said that a privettere Bregendene att Cape Sapells 
had Taken them & had took from them soom Led thaire 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 33 

bread & wallter but did them noe farther harem I asked if 
thay did Know the masters name of the Bregendene Jn° 
Darby said he did not know naither did they Aske for they 
was afraid of them & was Glad they woold Let them Goe 
i asked Jn° Darby why Allin Charde did not Com vp to 
Towne he said the master had hiirte his foot & that thay had 
thare fare of fish on Boord being about 1800 fish, thay only 
wanted waiter & did Intend with all speed for Salom Jn" 
Darby asked if heare was a doctter in towne & desird him 
to goe on bord the Catch to see the masters foot which the 
doctter did but before the doctter got on Boord som of ou"^ 
people that had bin on Bord brought mee word that it was a 
privetere Catch & that thay had many men on Boord i asked 
for Allin Chard and people said thay could not see him on 
Boord but thay see one capt pownds & one Tho hackins on 
Bord which gave mee Caus to suspect them for to be Roges 
the Docttor came vp to towne but he was in servrall ( Tales ) 
as soom time he woold say thay ware vpon an honest aac°p* 
sumtimes that thay had but a feaw men on Boord some times 
that thay had many men on Boord which Gave mee Caues to 
suspect that the doctor did intend to make one with them & 
often the docto"^ was parseved to be discorsing with the soul- 
diers beloning to the fort after he Came from Bord ; at night 
after the Gard was sett the Tato Beate & above 12 at night 
i saw all ou'" souldiers at thaire q^'ters & the sentinells sett 
i Charge*^ hee that had the command of the Gard to see that 
Good watch should be kept Toward the wallter side in the 
night when all was still & quiett the whole Gard & sentenells 
Tooke thaire Arems & Robd the Rest of the souldiers that 
was a sleepe of thaire clothes except what was on thaire 
backs thaire Amonetion & some of thaire Arems went ought 
of the forte Took a Grate Boate that was a float & went on 
Board the said Catch. 14th moring being Callem i sent a 
Cnow to see if thay Coold see the Catch and if thay Coold to 



34 DOCURIENTARY HISTORY 

Get to them to Demand ou"^ men ou"" Canow overtooke them 
at Portland & came by thaire sid demanded Cap* pounds to 
deliv'^ vp the souldiers that had Run away from his majestys 
forte hee said he woold not ou' men said if not deliver the 
men that hee woold deliver what thay had stoale viz : 
Amonetion Arems & Cloathes & that all though the men 
woold nott Return them selfs thay shoold Return what thay 
had Caried away that was not thaire owne thay said what 
thay had thay woold Keepe & what thay Coold Gett thay 
woold take Giveing ou"" men Thretting speeches & saing thay 
did want a beatter vessel & that thare one Chowne in a sloope 
Belonging to Georg ( Hesh ) in this Harbor & thay woold 
have him all though thay shoold waight for him 2 or 3 
weeks the 2 men I sent in the Canow to spake with them 
was Jos Dows & Siv : Andrews the Curcomstances Considred 
we are m a very sad Condition for wee have not forse to 
Ingage with any Enemy that shall assalte vs by Land neither 
have wee any vessell to defend vs by waiter Soe that wee 
Ley for a pray for all both by sea & Land all which quite 
discorreges ou"" peopell I Humbly pray y'" Hon" that wee 
may have soom shutable assistance for our Defence for Land 
& sea & I Hope wee shall not bee found negligent vpon our 
Duty Hoping ou'^ shalop will bee spedily Returned to vs 
with such Incorrigment from yo^ Honor'"s that may Revife 
ou"^ all most fainting sperits J subscrib my selfe as I am 
Yo^ Honou" most Humble Sarvant 
Silvanus Davis 

By Jn° Hill Armorer 
Carried ought of the Kings store in the Smith's Shope 

one pistoll Mr Clarke 12 

one Goon Mr 1 10 

one Goon Mr. Riall 10 6 

one hand vice lent yo' Mr Larence 10 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



35 



of S. D 5* ( some ) plates 5 

3 files S D 

1 p' smith Tongs 

hand hamS 

1 Loke 



Brought from the othr sid 

1 file Lost g Captt Brocholt 

The accop* on the other side & above is as it 
was Gave in to mee by the seural parsons 
that was Roobd at y* fort knowne what [ 
more is not Knowne att p'"*'sent J 

August: 14*^ 1689 Ero^s excepf^ 
y Sill Davis. 



10 

4 6 

2 6 

2 6 



4 


11 


6 





2 





4 


13 


6 


19 


1 


6 


23 


15 







7 






24 2 



24 02: 



Order Aug W. 1689 

Ordered that Six hundred men horse and ffoot bee forth- 
with raised within this Collony to bee sent forth in their 
Majestys Service for the Suspressing and destruction of the 
Indian Enemy : out of the severall Regiments in proportion 
following: viz* Boston Regiment Eighty-one: South Regi- 
ment of Suffolke one hundred And one : Middlesex Lower 
Regiment Eighty : Middlesex Vpper Regiment Seaventy 
two: Essex v^^per Regiment ninety fower: Essex Lower 
Regiment one hundred and eight: Hampshire Regiment 
Sixty fower. 



36 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

And the Majers of the Severall Regiments are ordered 
forthwith to Issue out theire Warrants to the Committes of 
Militia of the Respective Townes : within theire severall 
Regiments to detach Aproportionable number of men out of 
each Company and Troop: well Appointed with Amies and 
Ammunition to Attend that service: And to Rendezvouz at 
y* severall Towns and places following viz*' Boston Regiment 
at Boston South Regiment of Suffolke at Roxbury: Middle- 
sex Lower Regiment at Wooborne : The vpper Regiment 
at Chelmsford: Essex Lower Regiment at Ipswich: The 
vpper Regiment at Haverill ; Wendesday the Twenty Eight 
of this Instant August : The one fifth part of the Above 
Six hundred to bee troopers Desireing the Hon^** Gov"^ & 
Councells Consent. 

Past in the affirmative by the Representatives, 
Aug«* 20^"^: 1689: 

Ebenezer Prout Clerk 

The majo'' of Each Regiment to appoint a meet pson att 
the Respective Randezvouz to take care of the soldiers 
impressed & sent thither. to appoint them quarters & 
p'vent their straggling, vntill disposed of by Authority. 



Order Aug. 20. 1689. 

Ordered that the persons herein named be a Comittee to 
take a List of the names of the men lately come from the 
Eastern parts and the places from whence they came, that 
are now resident in the severall Towns of this Colony and to 
make Return thereof unto this Sessions. Viz' for Boston 
Mess" Timothy Thornton, William Robie Joseph Proutt. 
For Salem Mess" Benjamin Marston Benjamin Gerrish. For 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 37 

Charlestown m"" Thomas Lord. For Marblehead Lt Robert 
Bartlet. For Beverley Cap"® Paul Thorndike 

past in the affirmative by the Representatives 
Aug«* 20^^ 1689. 

Ebenezer Prout, Clerk 

Consented to by the Governo' 
and Councill. 

Is* Addington Sec"^ 
20*'' Aug«* 1689. 



Order. 

Information being given that 17 : soldjiers y* were put into 
the Garrison at Saco, have Deserted their trust & their ma"®' 
service, and is a very bad presid'. It is ordered that said 
soldjers be forthwith sumoned to appear before this Court to 
give an ace* of there accon herein. As also those y* are 
come away disorderly from Cochecho. or any other of y® 
Garrisons.// 

Voted in y" Affirmative by y* Governo' & Councill 
desireing y® Consent of y® rep'^sentatives. 
by order g 

la: Russell 
Consented to the Representatives 

Ebenezer Prout: Clerk 



Letter from Silvanus Davis Aug. 21. lOSO 

August 19*'' 

This day in the After noone Late ou' scouts that had bin 
abrood Brought news that thay Heard many voleys of Goons 



38 DOCUMENTARY HISTOKY 

at North Yarmouth which Gave vs caus to suspect that thay 
ware ingadgd ^vith the enemy wee sent vp a sloop & skife 
with what hands wee coold spare for thayr Relefe were 
Return^ answ^'d that the enemy Gave them the onsett 
Mondy afternoone & Contenued vntell Tusday moring thay 
fired sevrell staks of wheate Kild one Gerell that was ought 
of the Garison to fatch M-allter Taken or Kil*^ one man tliat 
was abrood Conterery to orders all thaire wemen & cheldren 
are brought to this towne as for the men thay Doe Intend to 
Keepe thaire place vntell farther orders thay Are in Grate 
want of protection & Amonetion which i hope will be sent 
for the suploy of them & vs allsoe vs one man shoot throw 
the hand at North Yarmoth, which woonded man is Brought 
to this towne & wee are in Grate want of soom medesens for 
sicke & woonded men what is above is the p'"sent News to 
acquaint you^ Honou" from him that subscribs him selfe yo' 
Hono" 

most Humble servant 
Sit Davis 
August 2^": 1689. 



Instructions Aug. 21. 1689 

Extracts. 

"Instructions for Colonyl John Pynchon Major Thomas 
Savage and Cap°® Andrew Belcher Gent" you being chosen 
and appointed by the Governn^ of the Massachusetts Colony 
to undertake a journy to Albany to Treat with the Maquas 
and ( if advised by the Gentlem" vpon the place ) with the 
other Nations of Indians confederate with them for the 
renewall of their ancient ffriendship with the English of 
Governn*^ " 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 39 

" You are to Let them know that the warr made by the 
Eastern Indians was begun before tlie alteration of the Gov- 
emn* and so far as we have been informed the Indians were 
the first Aggressors tlierein, and their insinuation of the 
Enghsh first sending for and y'' treacherously destroying 
some of their principle men and intending to cut off all the 
Indians in the Country is notoriously false and a Lying 
aspersion cast vpon the English to, stir up other Indians 
against them." 

" You must as prudently as may be insinuate to them that 
those Eastern Indians hold correspondence and strict alliance 
w*'' the ffrench their Enemies and wilbe ready vpon any 
oppertunyty and advantage given to assist the ffrench against 
them ; And that it would be their intrest as well as ours 
that Check were given to the farther progress of the warr by 
the Eastern Indians, and that they be destroyed." 



Order Aug. 22. 1689 

Ordered by the Representatives that twenty-five of the 
Eastern men that are come hither w^^ out order deserting 
their Garrisons or plantations, be sent to Wells for the releif 
of that Town, they finding provission for said soldiers at 
their own Costs & bearing their equall proportion in the 
whole charge of this present warr w*^ y® Indians. 
August 22°'^ 1689 : past by the Representatives 
in the affirmative Desiring 
the Hon^*^ Gov' & Magestrates 
Consent 
Ebenezer Prout Clerk 

Consent*^ to by the Governo"" 
& Councill 

Is* Addington, Sec'^. 



40 DOCUMENTARY HISTOKY 

Directions to Capt. Alden 

Boston. Aug 27'^^ 1690. 
Cap"*' Alden 

You are to receive on board y^ Sloop Mary whereof yo" 
are Comander, y^ Souldiers now ordered on an Expedition 
for their ma"" Service Eastward ag^ y® ffrench and Indian 
Enemies, and Sayle unto Piscataqua and deliver y® said 
Souldiers unto Maj'' Robert Pike Comander in Chiefe there 
with yo"" provisions and Arnunition aboard as you shalbe 
ordered : Or if there be Occasion of yo' Stay to trannsport 
the men ordo any farther Service in attending y® Expedition, 
then to attend such Orders as you shall receive from y" 
Comander in Chiefe to y* End. Take all due care to prevent 
a Surprise of yo"" vessell and do what Execution you can 
against the Enemy as yo" have opportunity. 
Signed S : Bradstreet Gov"" 
// In y® Name of y® Council. 
To Cap°« John Alden 
Coinander of y® Sloop Mary 



Letter from Sihanus Davis ^ others. 

ffallmoth province of Majne 
August 28*^^ 1689 
Honour d S"^ 

We Canot in duty omitt but by Thes to aquainte yo' 
HonoQ that North : Yarmoth is wholy desarted not soe much : 
by Reson of : the Enemy as thaire owne stuboren speritts : 
after : the fight thay had with the Enemy to say the next 
morning : sum of thaire owne peopell with 4 of thaire soul- 
diers which had bin Conterary to ou'' wills att this towne ; 
with som of ou'' people namely Loutt Clarke went vp to see 
what Condetion thay ware in : as all soe to Give them 



OF THE STATE OF MAIKE 41 

Incoragemente if they ware standing for to stand ; & that 
thay shoold have full suploys of what was needful that was 
in ou' power to Assiste with but thay Resolved not to stand 
but draw of: all soe whare as thay to make a Cloke for 
thaire Removing Doe say thay did wante Amonition which 
was nothing soe, for it did fuly appere &, it was proved by 
soom of thaire owne Inhabitanse & many of ou" that Sill 
Davis profred to Assiste with amonetion seurell times if thay 
woold have Ingaged to have kept thaire plase as all soe the 
same day that Lieu" Androws Came from Boston & Arived 
heare Sill Davis did Declare to seurell of thaire Inhabitance 
that was at that time there the desu-e of the Councill that 
thay shoold keepe thaire place & all soe the Grate Care that 
thare was taken for thaire defense with the Rest of thes 
parts : & with all Sill Davis sent vp word that he had pro- 
vetians Com which if they woold send downe word that they 
woold stand & keepe thaire place hee woold Immediately send 
up provetions & Amonetion But thay Returned for Answer 
that thay ware Resolved to draw of. 

Vpon the 26*** of this Instant all the Inhabitanc of north 
yarmoth, with the souldiers Came to this towne in 3 sloops 
& Canoues: when Landed wee the Commity for the Meletia 
mett to Consider for the ordring the Souldiers & Inhabitance 
being Com to this place : the Souldiers being Landed wee sente 
for thaire Sargent to Damand of him the Reson hee did 
Leave his poste hee Answered the Inhabitance woold not 
stay they drawing of the souldiers coold not stay wee Tould 
him that wee had orders to stope him heare for the strengh- 
ting of this place but hee would not naither shoold any of 
his men for hee & them was Resolved to Goe to Boston wee 
vsed many perevvations & Argements to p'suade him to stay 
but seeing persuasions woold not doe wee Comanded him to 
draw his souldiers to Geather Lede them into the forte & 
Loge thaire Arems but hee said he woold not him selfe 



42 DOCUMENT AEY HISTORY 

niaither his souldiers wee comanded him to draw his men vp 
that wee might spake with them which after soomtime hee did 
but we had the same Answer from them as wee had before 
from him thay desired to see the orders from the Councill 
that they shoold bee Added to this Garison wich wee did in 
hopes by faire menes wee might have them bee obedient to 
stay but thay all was the more obstinate Laffing & fflouting 
& sayd thay woold all be Kil*^ vpon the place before they 
woold stay for thay had dun thaire Duty that thay was Hired 
for & thay woold bee gon for Boston (wee Judge it is as 
others had don to bee Hired againe by which menes if it bee 
sufred it is the way to Ruen the Country ) the Inhabitance of 
north yarmoth many siding with them being of the same 
mind not to stay heare was seurell sloops doe Com to Gete 
fraight that dos p^'suad the people privetly to draw of: & 
dos Infuse in to the peopele that there is not power in the 
Country thats men Rather then 

thay woold Loose thaire fraight woold bee willing that 
whoole Townes should be desarted as to prove thay had noe 
want of Amonetion the Inhabitance of north yarmoth did at 
this Towne vpon the 26 the of this Instant at night deuid a 
li of poder a man which thay had Lefte being parte of what 
thay had ought of thaire majestys store this was bee sides 
what the souldiers had Lefte wich wee demanded of the Sar- 
gent but hee have not delivered any ou"^ Condetion is very 
Deplorable Considering the Enemy is not only upon ou' 
Backes by Land but wee Ley open vnto all piretts by waiter 
which if wee had a vessell of soom forse to Attend this parte 
of the Country & espeshially this Bay it may bee a menes to 
prevent pirets sheltering in thes parts this Bay being full of 
Good harbors for them : Desiring yo'^ Honours excuse for ou' 
Trobling you with ou' abrupt Lines & that you woold have 
vs Contenualy in yo"^ Renbranc praying for yo"^ safty in this 
woreld & everlasting hapines in the woreld to Com wee 



i 



OP THE STATE OF MALNB 43 

subscrib ou'' selfes yo' Humble sarvants in the behalfe of 
ou"" Towne being of the Committy. 

Georg Bremhall "^ Elihu Gunnison "^ Silvanus Davis 

Elisha Andrewes I Georg Ingersoll sein" Robt Lawrence 
Jn° p(allmer) (^Thadous (Clark) 

Jn"' Browne Seino'' Antho: Brackett 



Letter from Silvanus Davis 

Hon«<^ S^ 

as in Duty Bound thes Are to Give you an acc°pt of the 
store of Amonetion that is in this forte that then you may 
Consider what more to send that if an Armey Cam thare 
may not be a wante for thaire suploys. 

Amonetion Now Resting in the forte 
three Barrells of puder 



abought Tow hundred waight Musquitt 

& Carbine Ball 

36 hand granados 

a verry small p''sell of Damnefid match - 

a parsell of Refus flints 

about 30 Ball for the Grate goons 

for to send puder 

musquett Carbine pistoll & Swan Shoot 
Som Good match — 

Candells 

2 Drom heads 
fflints 



Bread porke & pease 

Tow ouer Glasses 

a flag for the forte — 

Shoote for the Grate Gons — 

som nailes single Tens & Duble Tens. 



44 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



to Repaire the forte 

5 in shingle nails - 
2 pad Lokes 

1 stoke Locke for a dore - 

Something for drinke for the Souldiers - 

Soom medisens for sicke & wonded men if any - 

Soom spare Arems seurell of ou'' Arems Are ought of 

Kilter & noe Smith to Repaire them 

( stoces ) shoes shoorts wascots drawers cotes the soul- 
diers are very Bare soom not a shorte to shifte soom 
Bare foot Canvas to make Beeds Dufels for Blanketts 

6 watch coots 

Tobacco : 

yi Areeme of paper 

a Caske of Drinke Charge it to 
acc^p^ of yo"" Sarvate 

Silv Davis 



The names of thoes that marched of with Sargent forrist 
of those from North Yarmoth 



Sargent 



Will fforrist 
Zacriha hill 
Sam" Wallker 
Joshua Owen 
Ephrem Tere 
Issaac Renting 
Will Ottoa 
Will Bimbellbe 
Will China 
Rich Wagg 



^ 10 Run away 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 45 



Stay''^ here. 



James Bagley 

Job Browne 

Benjamen Snow y 

Alexander Bocer 



Staid 4 



Simon Briant woonded at north 

Yarmoth sent home 
now = to be Returned when Cured — 

noe discovery of the enemy that wee here of 
sense the fight at north Yarmoth// 
which was vpon the 19'^ of this Instant 
Superscribed 
Thes 
To The Hono'"'^ Thomas Danforth 
Esq'' presedent of 

// The Prouince of Majne // 
p''sent 



Commission Aug. 29. 1689. 



The Convention of y* Governo'' & Councill and Represent- 
atives of Massachusetts Colony in New England 
To Jeremiah Swayne Coinand' in chiefe 
Whereas the Kennebeck and Eastern Indians with their 
confederates have openly made warr vpon their ma"^* Sub- 
jects in y® Provinces of Maine, New Hampshire and of this 
Colony, barbarously murduring and captivating of many, 
burning their Houses and Spoyling them of their Estates. 
And whereas yo" Jeremiah Swayne are appointed Coinander 
in chiefe of all the Forces now raysed and detached out of 
the severall Regiments within this Colony for their Ma"^* 



46 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Service in an Expedition against the comon Indian Enemy 
their Ayders and Abetters./ 

These are in their Ma"^^ names to Authorise and require 
you to take into yo"" care and conduct all the said fforces and 
diligently to intend that Service by leading and exercising 
yo' inferiour Officers and Souldiers Comanding them to Obey 
you as their Coiiiander in chief e And to ffight take kill or 
destroy the said Enemy' by all the waies and meanes yow 
can as you shall have oppertunity. And you to Observe and 
Obey all such Orders and directions as from time to time yo"^ 
Shall receive from the Governo'' and Councill of this Colony. 

In Testimony whereof the Publique Scale of the aboves*^ 
Colony is hereunto affixed. 

Dated in Boston the 29^^ day of August 1689 Anno(j 
RR^ et Regina Willielmi et Maria Anglia &'=* grao 

29° August 1689 past in the affirmative 

by the Representatives 

Ebenezer Prout Clerk 
Consent^ to by the Gov'' 
and Councill - 

Is* Addington Sec'^y 
29° Aug° 1689 

Ordered that the souldiers raised out of the South Regi- 
ment of Suffolke, And the Souldiers raised out of the upper 
regiment of Middlesex bee posted at Groton : And that the 
Company drawne out of the Lower Regiment of Middlesex 
bee posted at Haverill And the Company drawne out of the 
vpper Regiment of Essex be posted at Newichawannock 
Aug®* 31° 1689 past in the affirmative 

by the Representatives Desireing the 

Hon®"* Gov'' & Magestrates Consent 
Ebenezer Prout Clerk 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 47 

Ordered that the head Quarters for the Forces now 
detached for their Ma"^* Service in the present Expedition 
against the coinon Indian Enemy be as follow Viz* Casco, 
Newichewanick, Havarill and Groton until farther Order/ 
29° August 1689 

Voted in the affirmative by the 
Governo'' and Councill 

Is* Addington Se'^ 
29° August 1689. 

Consented to by the Representatives 
Ebenezer Prout Clerk 



Ordered That the Souldiers detached out of the Sev- 
erall Regiments in this Colony be appointed forthwith 
to march to the head quarters respectively as hereafter 
named their to attend further Orders from the Govern'' 
& Councill, or the Comander in chiefe : 

Cap* Nath Hall Those out of Boston Regim* \ . Qo-pQ 

Capt Simo Willard Essex Lower Regim* / 

Capt Andro Gardner - - - Suffolk South Regiment ) ^^ N^^i^^awannick 
Cap* James Convers - - Middlesex Lower Regimt ) 

Capt Jacob More Middlesex vpper Regim* - to Groton 

Cap* Tho. Noise Essex vpper Regimt - - to Haverill 

Horse _ Middlesex vper Regiment to Groton 
Suffolk Horse to Groton 
Essex vper Regimt Horse to Haverill 
Lower ) Middlesex Horse to Newichewanicke 
Regimt ) Essex lower Regim* to Newichawannick 

31° August 1689 
Past by the Governo' and 
Magistrates 

Is^: Addington 

zz Sec-T^ 

Consented to by the Representatives 

Ebenezer Prout Clerk 



48 DOCUMENTABY HISTOEY 

fforte Loyall ffalmoth 7^' 11*^ 1689 

5 clocke evening 
Honor^ Jentellmen: 

Thes in Humble Submetion Comes to Aquainte yo' 
Honours that this Day about 3 a Cloke after none thare 
Arived a ship at this porte beloning to Corizo one Abraham 
ffisher Commander a Duch man bee had bin at the estward 
& taken sundry prises Rainging weste along Shore thay put 
into Pemequid whare thay found a party of Indians to the 
number as thay Judge 3 or 4 hundred thay had the oper- 
tunity to surpris 4 Indians in a Cannow three thay kild & 
one thay tooke being a sagemors soon & is on boord vpon 
examination of said Indian hee Did Confess that thare was 
Com from pemequid for this place 250 : Indians & fife hun- 
dred more Desingned for Casco, being all at pemequid with 
full : Resolution to make vp YOO Resolved to vse theire 
vttermost Indevo'' to Destroy Casco : perteculerly & all the 
Engles in Jenerall the said commander Receving this 
Reporte from thaire Indian Capttife & having one Cap" Tho 
Whittako"" on Bord of him whooe Gave The Comando' a full 
accept of our weake Condetion the Comander with the Joynte 
Concente of his men made all haste to this place for ou"" 
Defence & to Aquainte vs of the suden Aproch of: the 
numerous Enemy which is a uery Grace favo' espeshley from 
a strainger the surcomstances Considred as Bound in duty i 
made bould to aquainte yo'' Honou'"s that you may Consider 
if thare is not nesecety to send vs more forses Amonetion & 
Arems with provetions for ou'' Relefe the surcomstances wee 
Leave to yo'' Canded Consideration. 

S^^ of this Instant Cap" Hall Arived here with his forses 
i hope brave Briske men & by Gods Blessing will doe Good 
sarvis for God & the Country wee dayly discover the Indians 
aboute vs Cap" Hall have bin marching ought with his men 
but have not had the opertunity to meete with them vpon 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 49 

the 10 of this Instant morning we discovered smokes att 
Spurwinke Immediatly Cap" hall marched away to Gett 
above the Enemy & soe Drove the woods downe Toward the 
smokes when thay Came whare the smokes was it was 2 
houses that the Enemy had fired att Spurwinke but did not 
meete with the Enemy it was Reported by soom of the 
Inhabitance that thay did see 5 Indians firing said Houses 
being of thooes that wee sent for Boston Last fall: the 
Indians at pemequid promise to Bring in 9 or 10: English 
Capttefs thay have in thaire hands & deliver them vp in 
exchang of the Captife to the Comander the place of 
exchainge was Apointed to be here at Casco, this day the 
Comander Douts thay may bee Tou numerous for vs : hee 
as is said: hastned Here for ou'' Relefe & will stay soom 
time Rather then wee shall bee Lefte to bee Ruend by such 
a barborous enemy Desiring the Lord of hosts to bee with 
you & his Grasious presenss in the midest of yo'' Councill I 
subscrib : my selfe yo'' most Humble sarvant 

Silvanus Dauis 
MajQ Walldrens Dafter is 
on is promised in Exchainge 
I Have a vesle hd Redy to saile by 
which i shall Give a more fuller 
accop* to yo' Honour's 



100 hatchets 2 hand sawes 46^ ditto 

4 hamers 3 doz, Aules 10 hobbs & 3* 

2 Sloops to transport sould's & one of y® barges 

2 smaller open boats to attend 

6 doz Cod hookes. 1 doz. Lines 

50 Fuzees or Indian Guns 
Mem* power to impress men &c as y' may be need. 



60 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Cap' Davis & Militia y' ordered to assist pilates to 
be incuraged according to y''" desert & pains 
Boston Sept. 7. 1689. 

This Bill for Supplys was voted by y® Gov'' & Coun- 
cill to be forthw*'' provided by y® Comiss. 



Propositions made by the Hon^'® CoP John Pynchon, 
Maj"" Thomas Savage Capt Andrew Belsher and Cap* 
Jonatham Bull agens for the Colonies of Massachu- 
setts, Plymouth and Canetticutt to y** River Indians 
as well Mahikanders as Skachkook Indians in the 
citty hall of Albany y« 12'^^ day of Sep' 1689 
Brethren 

Wee being Commissionated by y® severall Collonies in 
New England viz* Massachusetts Plymouth and Canetticut 
to Renew the Antient friendship and League lately made by 
our Predecessors with y^ five nations of Indians viz* Maquase 
Oneydes Onnondages Cayouges and Sinnekes Understanding 
that you are Subjects of this goverment and by y* means 
wrapp'd and Included in the chaine or Covenant made with 
said Nations, wee doe think meet to acquaint you of y* great 
change or Revolution of Government in England, and y® 
Quarrell now Depending Between Protestants and Papists, 
our great king haveing United y® English and Dutch to be 
as one, who are Resolved to assist him with their lives and 
fortunes against all y* shall oppose. 

Vnderstanding y* y® french at Canida ( with whose nation 
wee are Informed by y® way of y® West Indies our great 
King hath Proclaimed warr ) is now att warr with you, who 
are in Amity and League with y^ Maquase and y® Rest of 
the Nations and so Consequently with us, who are in y® 
same chain with them, wee take this opportunity to lett you 



OF THE STATE OF MAESTE 51 

know y* y® Easterne Indians being Instigated and Incouraged 
by y® french at Canida, wlio are your and our mortall Ene- 
mies : have made Incursion upon y*' out Borders of our great 
Kings government to y^ Eastward of Merry mack River, and 
y® Places there adjacent 

Altho wee are not so Immediately concerned it being out 
of our Colonies yet we hold our.selfs Obliged in Duty to 
Stand for y® Defence of all or any of there Majesties Sub- 
jects ; and wee doe Expect y* you will accompt it your Duty 
Likewise to doe your utmost to kill and Destroy all those of 
there Maj^' Enemies and Particularly y* you will not hold 
any Correspondence with any of y® Easterne Indians, But 
take all opportunityes and advantages to Destroy them as 
well as oy'' our grat kings and his subjects Enemies 

Altho we hear Proclamation of warr w*^ france be made in 
England yett we have not Particular orders from our great 
King Concerning y* matter, but Expect them dayly which 
when we shall Receive shall not be wanting to doe our 
uttmost for y*' Rooteing out and Extirpation of your and our 
Enemies at Canada which have been so Treacherous to us 
both. 

Wee have been informed of a Report you have Received 
from y® Easterne Indians of a Designe y^ English had against 
you and all oy"" Indians to Mischeeffe and Destroy them, and 
also y* we should have treacherously kilP there Sachems. 

Wee doe now wash our hands of it, and Declare it to be 
utterly false, and y* we never had any such thought but on 
y* Contrary when there Sachems were sent for, were Civilly 
used and had Presents given them and sent home in a Sloop 
safely. But soon after they Committed several murthers and 
Rapines, so y* wee can Esteem those falcityes no oy' then a 
Stratagem of y^ french Jesuits with whom they hold Corre- 
spondence to Sugest such notions to them on Purpose to 
Sett us at Variance which if y" adhere to will undoubtedly 



52 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Proove Destructive to y" and y"^ Posterity, for our Parts we 
Intend no Evill against any Indians y* will live Peaceably 
with us, and Resolve to keep y^ Chain Betwixt us whole, 
and doe Expect y^ same from y" ; & doe hertily wish y* those 
foure Eastern Indians of our Enemies which were w**^ yo" 
had been by you Secured, as y'* were ordered by y® Gent : of 
Albany in your Castles w*^ would have been verry acceptable 
to our great King and verry gratefully acknowleged by all 
there May®* Subjects, was given them 

was signed 
50 lb Pouder John Pynchon 

100 lb lead Tho : Savage 

2 doze Stockings Andr: Belcher 

24 shirts Jonathan Bull 

60 gild""* in wampum 

Besides Tobacco & bread 

& 5 Coats for y* Sachems 



Answer of y® River Indians to Co' John Pynchon, Maj'' 
Tho : Savage Cap* Andrew Belsher and Cap*' Jonathan Bull 
Agents for the three Collonies of Massachusetts Plymouth 
and Canetticut in Albany y« 13*^ day of Septemb: 1689 
Names of y® Sachims 

Matsequeet Speaker 
Quaquahalit & his Broy'' 
Machligh Pen 
Waampichele 
Jovis 

Machaneck accompanied w*** 20 
oy' Indians 

1. Wee are glad to see y® gent" of Boston and y® oy' Coll- 
onies of N : England who make verry acceptable Propositions 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 63 

that they of the five Nations and wee are all in one Covenant 
Chain, it is certainly soe, and therefore let our hearts be 
united together as one. 

2. Y°" Propounded Yesterday Concerning the Eastern 
Indians whom wee are to look upon and take as Enemies, 
wee will doe soe, but since wee are in y* middell as it were of 
y^ Christians and y® five nations and Dependents on them, 
therefore we must attend there motion, what they shal think 
fitt and order us to doe wee will joyn with them and doe it, 
and shall then take y® Eastern Indians & bynde them and 
kill them as Enemies. 

3. Fathers 

Wee Return y'' our hearty thanks for your Pres- 
ents Especially for y^ Pouder and Lead whereby our Castle 
is fortifyed with ammunition against our Enemies, and you 
all being in one Union, wee Desyre y* y^ gentlemen of 
Albany may also assist us with there help in Rideing new 
stockadoes about our Castle w"''' is all gone to Decay, and to 
mend our axes and gunns, doe give a Belt of wampum and 
say they are now Poor and not able for y® p*^"* to make a 
suteable Returne for y® Presents now made, But assoou as 
they are Capable will make Retaliation. 

Upon which y® agents of y® 3 Colonies Replyed 
That they were well satisfyed with there answer and that 
there Lipps and hearts should be one, and not to hearken to 
any Storyes told them by Indians but Beleeve the Proposi- 
tions made to them in this house 

A True Copy Examined. 

Rob* Livingston 



54 DOCUMENTAEY HISTOKY 

Instructions Sept. i^. 1689. 

Instructions for Major Jeremiah Swayne 

Coinander in chiefe / 
In Pursuance of the Coinission given you to be Coinander in 
chiefe of the Forces raysed within this Colony for their Maj- 
esties Service in the present Expedition against the coinon 
Indian Enemy, Reposing confidence in yo' wisdom prudence 
and fidelity in the trust comitted unto you for the Honour 
of God the good of his people and the Security of the Inter- 
est of Christ in his Churches : Expecting and praying that in 
your dependance upon him you may be helped and assisted 
with all that grace and wisdom which is requisite for the 
carrying of you on with Success in this difficult Service 
And though much must be left unto yo'' own prudence and 
direction as providence and oppertunity may present from 
time to time in places of Action yet the following Instruc- 
tions are comended unto yo'' Observation and to be attended 
so far as the State of matters with you in such a transaction 
will admit./ 

You are with all care and diligence to Improve the Sever- 
all Company* of Souldiers under yo'' coiiiand now quartered 
at Groton, Havarill & Newichewannick, together with the 
Company of now sent out under the conduct of Captain Noah 
Wiswall and such others as may be added unto you, in pros- 
ecution of yo'' Coinission for the pursuing, discovery, subdu- 
ing & destruction of the said coinon Enemy as you shall 
have oppertunity, Intending likewise the safe guard and 
defence of those out Towns that lye most open and in dan- 
ger of incursions by the Enemy, Especially at such time as 
they are now employed about their harvest, takeing care that 
they be sufficiently guarded. 

You are to take Effectual Order that the worship of God 
be maintained and kept up in the Army. And that both 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 55 

morning and Evening prayer to God be duely attended, and 
so far as the Emergency of yo' Service will admit, that the 
holy Sabbath be duely Sanctified. 

You are to see that yo'' Souldiers Armes be alwaies fix't 
and that they be furnished with Ainunition provisions and 
other necessary^ that so they may be in a readiness to repel 
or Attacque the Enemy. 

And in yo'' pursuit take especial care to avoid danger by 
Ambushment or being drawn under any disadvantage by the 
Enemy, In your marches keeping out Scouts and a forlorn 
before your main body as shalbe requisite. 

You are to Suppress all mutinies and disorders among yo' 
Souldiers as much as in you lyeth and to punish those who 
shall disobey the coiTiand of their Officers, desert their Com- 
pany or neglect their duty And to prevent what may be and 
punish such as shalbe found guilty, of prophane swearing 
curseing drunkenness or such other sins as do provoke the 
Anger of God : 

you may Encourage your Souldiers to be industrious & 
vigorous in their service to search out and destroy the 
Enemy promiseing them the benefit of all captives and plun- 
der that shalbe taken unto their own use, and the reward of 
Eight pounds for every flighting Indian man that shalbe by 
them slain over & above their stated wages./ 

You are from time to time to give intelligence and advice 
to the Governo'' and Councill of yo'' proceedings and occur- 
rences that may happen ; And how it shall please the Lord 
to deale with you in this present Expedition. — You are to 
maintain a correspondence by intelligence as you can have 
oppertunity with Major Church Cofiiander in chiefe of the 
Forces gone farther Eastward, and to yield mutual Assist- 
ance Each to other as you can conveniently come to joyne 
any part more or less of yo'' severall fforces./ And if yo"'' 
fforces or any part should hapen to come neer to Each other 



56 DOCUMENTARY HISTOKY 

you must agree upon some Signal whereby yo' Indian may 
be discriminated from the Enemy. 

You are to take notice that Cap"" Willard and Cap°^ Hall 
with their Company^ are put under the coinand of Major 
Church to joyne the Plymouth fforce. 

You are to assigne to Cap"" Noah Wiswall Ten or more 
able hardy Englishmen to be of his Company as he shall 
desire to mix with his Indians. 

You are not to draw off the Forces now Quartered at 
Groton untill farther Order. 

Signed S : Bradstreet Gov' 
Boston 14° Sepf^ 1689. 

Past by the Governo' & Councill 
Is^ Addington Sec"^ 



Salmon ffalls in Berwick Y^"'^ 15 1689 
Hon"-^ S-- 

After the tender of my most humble service to yo^ hon^^. 
These few lines humbly Sheweth the acco" of my proceed- 
ings hitherto, as I cafne along by Haverill, I left Orders w*^^ 
Cap"^ Noise to Scoutt vpon y® Skirts of said towne, & downe 
as far as Almsberry w*** y® whole or pt of his Comp"* & y* 
Troopers drawn out of y* Regiment Soe I advanced to Ber- 
wick where I found the people in as much Danger of Some 
among them as of y® Enimy for want of a well Settlement of 
y® Militia am. them, Then I sent for some of y*' principall 
Persons of y® place, and also of Hampsheir Gentlem And 
advised with them, where wee agreed of y® Settlement of 
Severall Garrissons w'^ their owne men and appointed 
Coinand''' of the same not without great Opposition by some 
When I had almost done and intending to advance towards 
Casco, I had news Sent me of a house poorly fortifyed at 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 67 

Oyster River that it was taken by y® Enimie being about 
Sixty in y® Comp'': though part of Cap" Gardners Comp^ 
lodged the night before at said house & were moved away 
about half a hour before y® assault and were got to Cocheecha 
where a post overtooke them and they faced about & per- 
sued y^ Enimy but could not find them. Our Souldiers not 
haveing pvission nor Amunition to stay out were forced to 
return, Than I borrowed all y® Amunition & Bread I could 
procure of the Inhabitants and sent p* of Cap° Converss his 
Comp* to Cochecha to meet & Joyn with Cap" Gardners who 
Persued y® Enimie three dayes but finding none of them 
returned, but before y' returne, one of y® Captives made his 
escape two dayes after he was taken, whom y® Indians tould 
that they had beleagerd y^ place three dayes and when they 
knew how many men belonged to y'' house & seeing y"' all 
gathering Corn came & killed them first, and then sett vpon 
y® house where were onely Woomen children & two Boyes, 
they killed & Captivated Eighteene persons none escapeing, 
wherevpon I ordered all y^ Garrisons here abouts ( for time 
to Come ) not to leave any Garrisson without less then 4 or 
five able men vpon y® Gentry at all times, we are Endeavour- 
ing but cannot yet find any of y® Enimy by our Scouts, onely 
now & than there is a report of Indians Seen & men are 
shott att. wherevpon I offord Gaurds to y® Inhabitants 
about their bussiness I cannot as yet have any Intelligence 
of their head quarters but by y® Captive boyes acco" he 
perceived or Judged it was vpon an Hand at Winipessawket 
which is a small lake ; Hon**^ S" I am now advancing towards 
Casco, having set there two Companyes vpon duty, Some 
few of o"" men are Sick & some lame Soe y* we are in want of 
a Chirurgion, many of y^ Souldiers are in much want of 
Cloathing & Tobacco & please send some more good pork 
and bread in Convenient time for a Recrute that we may not 
want as before, y^ first bar^' of pork we opened proved so 



58 DOCXJMENTAHY HISTOEY 

bad could not spend it, for pease here are good to be pro- 
cured ; I hope you will be pleased to send lawes & Orders 
for y® Comp. which is all at psent from Your Hono" Humble 
Serv* to Coinand. 

Jeremiah Sweyen 
The following in the hand-writing Secretary Addington 
Mem° for Cloathing./. 

Shoes and stockins, Trucking Cloth for blanketts. 
Shirts drawers Coats and wast coats./. 

Men wanting in James Convers his Company 
Two from Cap"^® Haiiionds Company 
Two of Cambridge went back from Woburn. 
One wanting from Reding another went back from 
Woburn. 

Superscribed 

To the Hon*''^'' 
Simon Bradstreet Esq® 
Goven'' and y^ Councill 
of y® Mattachusetts 
Colony 

// 

Hast post hast 
// I // 



ffalmouth Sep*: 16'^ 1689 
To the Honored Gov"^ & Councell 

My Last to yo"" Honors was p John Gee. being then in 
great haste. So that I had not time to give a full account of 
all our wants, as to our provisions it spends apace, wee have 
but part of one barr" of pork left, but here is beef to be had 



OF THE STATE OF JLA.INE 59 

to Supply the want of pork, provided your honors give order 
for the Impressing of what is needfull, or rather I supose if 
a Stock of goods Sutable for cloathing were Sent to purchase 
Such provision w'^'^ this place produces it might be more for 
the conveniency of the Inhabitants, and less charge to the 
Publique besides many of our Soldiers begins to want cloath- 
ing shoes & blankets &c. it is also Expected that some 
Straw beds be allowed them as for bread we shall soon want 
a Supply Espeshally if any more forces Should come heither, 
the want of w'^'^ cannot be suplied by anything raysed here. 
I hope yo*" honors have or Speedily will take care to send a 
supply of what is wanting, the former stock of provision w'^** 
Cap* Davis had in his custody & neer spent so that here will 
be above a hundred men to be supplied out of what Stock 
we brought w*^ us of w*^^ there is now but a little more then 
four hogsheds of the bread left, each mans allowance being 
a pound of bread for a day, here is wanting a p"" of Smiths 
bellows, here being none in the Town, and severall of our 
Soldiers will want their arms to be flfixt, here being no spare 
arms. I am tould that Some Swan Shot is wanting, also if 
more forces Should come to this place another bar" of pow- 
der vnW be wanting, as also a rhim of good paper to make 
cartrages. 

Sep* 17*^ yesterday moring the Ship Sett Sayle, upon w'^^ 
the Indians Hallowed to them from Palmers Island upon w*'" 
they came to an anchor againe & Sent their boat and treated 
with them, the result of w*=^ is that this day in the morning 
they exchanged their Captive for M^^ Lee & her child and 
about noon Sett Sayle w"" her on bord & now being about 4 
of the clock in the after noon the wind being contrary we se 
the Ships come to anchor againe. About 200 or more of 
Indians are Seen now upon S*^ Island, and we do Expect a 
Speedy assault by them, the least harm we can Expect from 
them is that they will destroy what provisions are abroad, 



60 DOCTJMENTAKY HISTOEY 

wch I would use as an argument to your honors to send a 
Speedy Supply w*^^ is all at present from 

Your Honors humble Ser^' 
Joseph Prout 



Letter from Silvanus Davis 

To be Communicated 

To the Inhabitance of 

the Province of Maine Falmoth 17 Sep: 89 

& all others Concern^/ 3 Clocke noone 

Yesterday y® Indians came in in 
sight and made signs to y® Dutch privateer for a fflie, y^' sent 
y'' boate to y™ and after some discourse y'' promised to bring 
Maj"' Waldens daughter & her child to exchange for y* 
Indian captive, accordmgly y^ came and some few hours since 
yy received y^ woman and her child and delivered y® Indian 
to y'" y® woman declares y* y® Indians are in Number upwards 
of two hundred and fiftie all on Palmers Isle besides y™ on 
y® Isle y'' heave other forces neare. y® Indians tell y® woman 
y* since y^ came into oure Bay y^ heave some of y"" beene 
under everie of our Garrisons and know w* wee are in Num- 
ber and all our circumstances, y^ resolve forth w'''* to Set 
upon this Towne, which y^ reckon as y"^ owne alreadie and y" 
to ye'' design in taking and ruining y® whole province, y^ 
deride and scoff at us after a strange manner, y^ say y^ are 
much encouraged by some Gentlemen in Boston for y® man- 
naging y® warr against us w°^' makes y" go on w* undaunted 
courge. this a Relation of what : presses at p^'sent 
from yo'' Affectionate ffriend 
Silvanus Davis. 



OF THE STATE OF JIAINE 61 

Order 

Boston: 17« Sept" 1689 
To Mr John Alden Comander of the Sloop Mary. 
You are Ordered to take on board said Sloop Mary Major Ben- 
jamin Church with such p* of the Souldiers both English and 
Indians under his Command as you can conveniently carry 
now intended for the Eastern parts in their Majesties service 
against the cornon Indian Eneni}- — and forthwith to Saile 
unto Casco bay and there Land the said Souldiers, and put 
on Shoare your Provisions Amunition, Cloathmg and other 
Supplies for the forces w""** are now on board and deliver the 
same unto M"" Joseph Proutt the Comissary upon the place 
takeing his Receipt therefore, And haveing unladen your 
Sloop, you are to attend the Orders of Major Church for the 
transporting of the souldiers from place to place as he shall 
find occasion, untill you shall be dismist home by him or 
receive further Order from the Governour and Councill of 
this Colony ; Takeing Special care of your Vessell to secure 
her from any Surprisal by the Enemy or others 
Past in Councill die predict »Signed 

Is* Addington Sec'^ S Bradstreet. Gov'' 



" Order to Major Benj^ Church to take Cap^''- Willard <^ 
Cap^'^ Hall'' Compa^ under his comandy 

By the Governo'' and CounciU 
of the Massachusetts Colony 
To Major Benjamin Church 
Whereas you are appointed and Comissioned by the Coun- 
cill of Warr of the Colony of New Plymouth Coinander in 
chiefe of the Forces raysed within the said Colony against 
the coinon Indian Enemy now Ordered into the Eastern 



G2 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

parts to joyne with some of the Forces of this Colony for the 
prosecution repelling and subdueing of the said Enemy. It 
is therefore Ordered that Captain Simon Willard and Cap"® 
Nathan Hall with the two Companys of Souldiers under their 
severall comand belonging to this Colony now in or about 
Casco Bay, be and are hereby put under yo" as their Com- 
ander in Chiefe for the present Expedition. And in pursu- 
ance of the Comissions severally given to Either of them, 
they are Ordered to Observe and Obey yo'^ Orders and 
directions as their Comander in Chiefe untill farther Order 
from the Governo'" and Councill or the Comission*'^ of the 
Colony^ Dated in Boston the Seventeenth day of Septem^" 
Ann° Dm. 1689. Annoq^ RR* et Reginae Guilielmi et Mariae 
Angliae &c'^ gm"./. 

Signed 
S. Bradstreet Gov^ 
Past, in Councell 

Attesf Is* Addington Sec'^ 



Boston Sep-^ 17° 1689 
Cap* Simon Willard 

Major Benjamin Church being Comissioned to coiSand y® 
forces rajsed in y® Colony of N : Plymouth & ordered to 
have his head quarters at Cascoe with you : y® Governo"^ and 
Council have ordered yo'"s & Cap* Halls Companyes to be 
under him as yo"" Comand'' in chiefe, & you are accordingly 
psuant to yo"" Commission to attend his direction & order till 
you shall receive further or other order fro y^ Governo'" & 
Council of this Colony. 

y® same sent to Cap* Hall Signed 

mutatis mutandis S : Bradstreet Gov' 

Past in Councill. 

Is'^ Addington Sec'^ 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 63 

Petition of John Day ^ others. 

To the Hon*? Simon Bradstreet Esq^ Gov^ 
Thomas Danfoith, Esq*" D. Gov and the 
rest of the Hon'*^ Magistrates & Representatives 
Assembled in Council 

The humble Petition of John Day, Edward 
Taylor, David Pattin & John Boyer, souldiers. 
Humbly Sheweth 

Whereas your Petitioners were impressed for the Service 

of the Country to the Eastward ag' the Indians and have 

faithfully served in our several Stations, and have gone 

through several staights & hazards by long & tedious 

marches & other difficulties in a cold winter season and now 

thro Gods goodness returned, and have not received our pay 

& wages for our Service and Still lying on dayly expences. 

your Petitioners humble request to your Hono" is 

that you would be pleased to consider our Condition 

which is poore & low, and would be pleased to order 

us our respective wages due to each of us, that so we 

may be the better inabled to satisfy our just debts w*^^ 

we have bin forced to contract since our returne to 

Boston for our relief & maintenance and might be put 

in some capacity for future imploy that we may be y® 

better inable to maintaine ourselves & yo'' Petitioners 

shall as in duty, pray &c 

John Day 
Edward Taylor 
David Patten 
John Boyer. 



64 DOCUMBNTAKT HISTORY 

Letter from Jer. Sweyne 

ffrom o'^ head quart" att Salmon falls in Barwick 
Octo''^ 8. 89 
Hon«<^ S" 

After y^ tender of my humble Service to yo' Hon"^*, 
these are to acquaint yo'' Selves y* thru y** goodness of God 
I am in pretty good health hoping y* these will finde yo'' 
hon""^ so, also to acquaint you y* I received yo' letter yester- 
day about 5 of y® clock in y^ af ternoone & w* referred to y^ 
Maquas wee coppied out & Posted awaie to Maj"" Church 
with some other business of o*" owne in yo' Hon"^® letter we 
understand y* you have not had any account from us of o'^ 
proceedings y® w*'^ I do exceedingly wonder att. & am as 
much troubled to hear for I thought I had tooke an effectual 
care y* yo"^ Hon''* might have advice of all o"" motions, wee 
wrote you a letter dated 16 : Sept. giving account of all from 
Haverhill 'till y*^ day & sent it by one of o'^ own Soldiers 
Joshua Blanchard by name who lives on Mistick side belong- 
ing to Charlestown pray lett him be called to an account 
about, y" from y^ day to y® 5*^ instant we gave yo*" Hon" 
an account by Quarf Master Whitmore of Medford & since 
y* time wee have another scout returned from Wemepesiocke 
who marched round it Supposed to be a 100 miles, found a 
barne of corne & some small things but none of y^ Enimy 
Supposed to have bin there this fortnight by their paths but 
one path to y® Westward but y® biggest path towards Ossabe, 
wee also Sent to Maj"^ Church to advice him concerning o"^ 
next motion, whether Estward or westward to y® Chestnut 
Country where some suppose some of y® Enimy is gon, wee 
by o"^ last gave yo'' Hon" an account of three men Surprised 
by y® Enimy att Saco, y^ next day w' seen uppon y^ Sands 
about 200 Indians marching Estward since y* wee have not 
heard of y"™, o"^ men are many of y™ sick lame & stand in 
need of a Surgion, & good medicines further we have bin 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 65 

moving to y* Gent"" of Portsmouth y^ about 60 men be raised 
in y* pvince in case of o' moving Estward & by reason of y^ 
deficiency of so many of o"^ Soldiers I think I must call off 
Cap' Noyes in case of o'' motion Estward. pray send us more 
cloathes of all sorts, not to trouble yo'' Hon" further att 
psent I rest & subscribe myself yo'' Hon''* most humble ser- 
vant att comand. 

Jer: Sweyne. 



Letter from Jer. Sweyne 

Barwick att Salmon falls Octob'' 15, 89. 
Much Hon^*i S'« 

After humble Service presented to yo' Hon" these are to lett 
you understand y* thru y*^ goodness of God I am in good 
health att present hoping these few lines will finde yo"" Hon" 
so, also y*^ I received yo" 10th instant. & according to yo"" 
Hon" directions I have published y'' signal concerning y*' 
Maquas, further I shall give yo"^ Hon" an account of o"^ fur- 
ther proceedings since o*^ last to yo"" selves Capt. Wiswell 
with y" biggest part of his part of his company scouted up 
westward into y'^ chestnut woods 4 dayes but found none of 
y" Enimy nor yet where y^ have lately binn, it is Supposed y* 
small party of Indians may be in y** Chestnut country beyond 
Groaton, also y'^ most part of Capt. Converses company with 
a party of Indians with y'" Scouted about y® woods above 
Cochecho & above Oyster river in those thick woods 2 or 3 
dayes because it w^ reported y*- Indians have binn often seen 
y'' but yy could finde none nor any Signs of y"", y^ all return- 
ing we y" being in a Strait w'"' way to bend o'' motion tooke 
advice not only of o'' o^v^l officers but of y^ Gent? of y® place 
as wee use to do in like case viz Maj"" ffrost Capt. Wincoln, 
Capt. Hooke. Capt Haman M' ffryer &c. besides y*" Gent"' of 



66 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

y" Bank & it is thought advisable to send a considerable party 
to Ossape & Pigwaquit, white hills &c. y^ w*'^ wee are pre- 
paring for but are under great disadvantage by reason of y^ 
sickness of many y® want of a chyrurgeon & an armorer for 
we are exposed to send almost 20 miles to have o"" guiis 
mended, & sutable cloathes for y" men for such a march I 
pray for a supply with all speed for we must borrow rhum 
& w* cloathing wee cari, for y" supply of this psent march 
w*'^ will be about a fortnight as we suppose, wee are informed 
y* y** sloope y* Maj"" Church sent to Pemiquid is returned 
brmging newes y* y** fort is burnt & y'' y® gunns lie in y® 
ashes y** houses are all burnt but one & no Indians to be seen 
in those parts, Some think y^ are moved away to y^ ffrench 
being strongly inticed thither, I would also informe yo'' 
Hon''* y* Daniel Mathewes one of Cap*^ Gardners men & a 
hired man is run away & remembered his love to his Capt: 
& told him y* he would meet him att Pemiquid with four- 
score men, & another man of Capt. Gardners by name Mar- 
tin Williams is a prisoner with us for coyning of money he 
w* a redcoat a companion of y® afores*^ Mathewes also 4 of y** 
troopers from hence are run away, 3 of Marblehead viz Jn° 
Rowland : Jn** Oakes : Tho* Roads ; of Lin one viz Jn° 
Engals they run away 4th instant, wee had sent newes of 
it before but y* I heard y^ intended to return, I pray y* there 
be a Speedy & Severe course taken with such psons. I hope 
government will be maintained with yo'' Hon''^ I have much 
ado to maintain it here among a company of prayerless peo- 
ple & such as are of an antiministerial Spirit, wee have pun- 
ished several of y'" by laying neck & heeles & fineing &c : 
yy talk of rising Sometimes but y'^ officers & soldiers stand 
firmly by me & altho some do hate y® Baye government & 
threaten us with braces of bullets, yet I hope y^ are Subdued. 
& tho wee Speake thus of some yet wee must acknoledge y* 
y*' principle Gent" are very candid & ingenuous & faithfull 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 67 

to y" Bay government, wee have also Sent you a coppie of o'' 
first letter w*^*' as we are informed came not to yo"" Hone's 
bands tho it is not a perfect coppie because wee were in hast 
w" we writt it So desiring yo' Hon" prayers I rest yo"" Hon" 
most humble Servant 

Jer. Sweyne. 

Letter from Richard Martyn ^ others 

Portsm! 16'?^ 8 ber 1689 
Much Hon'.** 

Wee have yo" of 10*^ Instant referring to the Choyce of 
Couiissrs to Joyne w''^ those of the Confederate Collonyes 
about the vigorous prosecution of the Warr against the 
coinon enemy, w*^'^ we are readily dispos'd to, & are abun- 
dantly thankfull for the care y*- has been already taken for 
y*^ defence of the Country : but the advice unhappily came 
too late to Choose Comiss" for this present meeting : how- 
ever shall forthw'i" comunicate the same to the severall Towns 
y* A person or persons may be Chosen ready to attend at the 
next meeting of y® s*^ Comiss": at Boston upon first notice 
thereof: wee remain 

Yo' Hon""s humble Serv'* 
Richard Martyn 
= W" Vaughan 
Rich*^ Waldron 

" Letter from 3Iaryland Re'^ 17 Ocf" 1689 y 

By the Assembly in Maryland 
Gentl 

Whereas of late diverse horrid conspiracies contrivances 

and Combinacons have been had made, used, practised & 

managed by and between severall persons of prin('ij)all note 

& others in authority within this Govermn| popishly ^Si Evilly 



68 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

affected. And the severall nations of Northerne and other 
Indians in these parts of America tending to & designing the 
mine, destruccon, and utter extirpation of their Maj^^^ loyall 
protestant Subjects here as wee have good cause to suspect 
and believe, Not only from the severall Evidences, Deposi- 
tions, Exammations, Inquisicons, and other circumstances 
before us, thereunto relateing : but alsoe from the inward 
guilt and conviction of principle Agents & Managers thereof : 
Who (to Evade the punishment justly due to them for the 
same, and not able to abide the best) have privately unknowne 
& in disguise betaken themselves for refuge to some other 
more remote parts within our neighbouring Collonies & plan- 
tacons (as we have credibly received, beene informed and 
can Testifie) and doe still abscond from the handes of Jus- 
tice, in the most hidden and secrete places, Seeking and 
watching for all opportunityes and advantages by such undue 
unchristian and inhumane practices & combinations as afore- 
said to Effect and bring to pass such their wicked intents & 
designes as aforesaid to the greate terro'' & consternacon of 
their Maj*^'''^ said protestant subjects liere, as their feares and 
jealouvsies ariseing from such proceedings have justly insinu- 
ated and inculcated into them. 

And whereas there cann be found no meanes ( as we 
know : ) more effectual for the true discovery & bringing to 
condign punishment such greivous and heinous Sinners, or 
more conduceing to their Majesty* Service and interest then 
a friendly & amicable mutuall correspondency betweene their 
severall governem'f of such Vicinity especially and under such 
circumstances as Wee are, Wee therefore the Delegate and 
Representative body of this province now assembled and 
mett together in their Maj*y* names and for their Maj*^^* Ser- 
vice, haveing in the first place according to our bounden duty 
asserted and proclaimed their Majestyes King William & 
Queene Marys lawfull & undoubted right & title to this 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 69 

Province ( as wee doubt not you have alsoe done ) Doe in 
the next place as ffriends & Neighbours and fellow Subjects 
Sollicite and Court your friendly & neighbourly correspond- 
ency vpon all occations by Imparting &> communicating to 
us from time to time & at all times hereafter as occasion shall 
require all matters of Import conduceing any wayes to their 
Maj'y^ Service and the good and welfare of their Subjects 
here ; And alsoe by Suppressing Seizing & secureing all such 
suspicious & suspected persons, as allready are or shall here- 
after flye or goe from hence into yo'' Governem' without 
good and sufficient Lycence from some Magistrate or other 
person or persons thereunto lawfully authorised and appointed 
within this province, or other good pregnant & undeniable 
circumstances. And in all things whatsoever to beare in 
your hearty affections love and good will in all the wayes of 
ffriendship and a mutuall good correspondency. All which 
We shall with all due care imaginable labour to preserve and 
keep inviolable on our parts towards you. Omitting nothing 
that may appeare honourable or any wayes conduceing to 
your interest, peace & Welfare : Whereunto wee desire all 
faith & credence may be given. 

Signed g order of the house 

g John Llewellin Clk Assembly. 

To tlie hon^''' Governo' and Councill 
of New England 
This/ 

Order 

Ordered by the Representatives That the Troopers In the 
Countrys service w*""' belong to Suffolk & the vper Regim* 
of Midd^ be forthw^" drawn off 

24th Octob^ 1689. 

Ebenezer Prout Clerk. 



70 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Communication from the Commissioners for the United Colonies 

Boston Octob. 25. 1689. 
The Commission's for the Colonyes do Comend to the 
hon**!* the Gov.' & Councill of the Mattachusets that the 
Soldjers belonging to the frontier Townes now at any of 
the head quarters together with all sick, wounded & other- 
wise unfitted for Service be forthwith dismissed home, as 
also the Troopers there or else where, and in case there be 
not a prospect of an oppertunity to prossecute the Enemy 
that then the Indians that are vpon service and so many of 
the English Soldjers as may with safety to the People of 
those remote plantaccons be spared, be as conveniently & 
privately as may be returned home, taking effectuall care 
that those left for the security of the places where they shall 
be ordered be put under such order & goverm* as is meet, 
not releiving a greater number of officers then necessary. 
And unless good reason appeare for the Contrary y* the hired 
soldjers be of y® number y*^ shall be ordered to stay. 
Wee do also desire that effectuall care be taken that a true 
list be taken of the names & number of the soldjers now out 
vpon service, and a distinct list of those y* shall be ordered 
to remayne, and at w* places, & return thereof made to the 
Coinission''s at their next meeting. 

Thos. Danforth 

Elisha Cooke 

Tho^ Hmckley 

John Walley. 



Order, relating to Major Sweyne his officers ^ soldiers 

Ordered y*^ Majo"" Jeremia Swaine and his officers with al 
the Soldiers in y*^ Countryes Saruis from Wels Westward be 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 71 

forth with drawn of: Exsep* so many of hiered men and 
otliers vnto a competent numb'' for the Secureing Such places 
as thay shall Judg needf ull for the present : 

Leiueing them vnder Such Comand" as said Swaine & his 
officers shall Judg meet pticular ace' being tacken of them 
y* are so Left. 

9 b"^ 6th 1689 past in the affirmative by 
the Representatives 

Ebenezer Prout Clerk. 



Order, relating to discharge of Soldiers ^ Indians 

The Comission" for the Colony' having Coinended it to 
the Governo^ and Councill, that the Souldiers belonging to 
the Frontier Townes, now at any of the head quarters, 
together with all Sick wounded, & other wise unfitted for 
Service, be forthwith dismissed home. As also the Troopers 
there or elsewhere. And in Case there be not a prospect of 
an oppertunity to prosecute the Enemie, that then the 
Indians that are upon service, and so many of the English 
Souldiers as may with Safety to the people of the remote 
Plantations be spared, be as conveniently & privately as may 
be returned home 

It is agreed & Ordered, That in Case there be no prospect 
of prosecuting the Enemy, Majo"" Benjamen Church CoiTiander 
in Cheife, of the forces abroad at Casco, & the parts adjacent, 
with the advice of his Coinission officers, and the officers, & 
some of the principall persons upon the places, doe place a 
Sufficient number of Souldiers, at such garrisons & out Plan- 
tations, in those parts, as may Secure the Same, and make 
out a party to offend the Enemy in Case of any attempt and 
dispose them under Suitable officers, that they may be under 
good Goverment & Order, taking distinct Lists of the names 



72 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

& numbers of Souldiers ordered to remayne in each place. 
And the s'^ Cofnander in chiefe, and other his officers and 
Sonldiers, as privately as may bee forthwith drawe offe home, 
& be discharged, And meet supplys & provisions be sent for 
the drawing offe them that are to come home, and to furnish 
them that stay behinde 

past in the affirmtive by the Representatives 
Nov^I' Qth 1689 . "" 

Ebenezer Prout Clerk. 

Consented to by the Governo' 

& Councill 

Is^ Addington Sec,^^ 
Novr 6. 1689./. 



Order relating to Maj'' Sweyne Ids Officers and Soldiers. 

Boston : 8° November 1689. 

The Comission'"'' of the Colony? haveing comended it to the 
Governo'" & Councill that the Souldiers belonging to the 
ffrontier Town's now at any of the head Quarters together 
with all Sick, wounded and otherwise unfitted for Service be 
forthwith dismissed home : As also the Troopers there or 
elsewhere ; And in case there be not a prospect of an Opper- 
tunity to prosecute the Enemy that then the Indians that are 
upon Service and so many of the English Souldiers as may 
with Safety to the People of the remote Plantations be spared 
be as conveniently & privatly as may be returned home ~ 

It is Agreed and Ordered in case there be no iprospect of 
prosecuting the Enemy, That Major Jeremiah Swayne 
Coinander in chiefe of the Forces at Newichewannick or 
Salmon Falls, with the advice of his CoiTiission Officers and 
Some of the principal Gentlemen of the Province of New 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 73 

Hampshire and Maine (neerest to him) do post a sufficient 
number of Souldiers at such Ganisons and out plantations 
in those parts as may secure the same and Offend the Enemy 
in case of Attempt, to be disposed under suitable Officers for 
their good Government and Order, takeing distinct Lists of 
the names & number of souldiers Ordered to remain at Each 
place. 

And the said Coiiiander in Cheife. and other his Officers 
and Souldiers as privatly as may be forthwith to draw off 
home and be discharged./. 

Voted by the Gouerno'' & Council 
la: Russell g ord*^ 
Consented to by the Representatives. 
Dated as aboves** 

Ebenezer Prout Clerk 

Letter Isaac Addington Secretary to Major Sweyne 

Boston 8" Novemb-" 1G89. 
Majo" Swayne 

Inclosed is Copy of the Order of the Convention of the 
Governour and Coiuicil and Representatives Pursuant to 
what is comended to consideration by the Comission? of the 
Colony' as to yof drawing off with the Forces under yo*" 
coiiiand in case there be no prospect of prosecuting the 
Enemy, In which yo" are to advise with yo*" Coiiiission 
Officers, and the Officers and some of the principal Gent" of 
the Provinces of New Hampshire & Mayne ( nearest unto 
yo" ) For the Setling of such Garrisons as may be needfull 
for the Security of those parts before yo" come off, not 
exceeding what are of absolute necessity And releive the 
Garrison Souldiers at Cochecha posting some fresh men there 
in their stead if there be need of continuing any there and 
such as you leave behind let those men who were hired out 
upon the Service be part of the number and others such as 



74 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

may most conveniently be spared from home ; But use yo"^ 
utmost Endeavours with the Gentlemen of the Province that 
they Supply the Garrisons as much as may be with their own 
men, that the fewer of ours who have been long upon duty 
be left abroad. The above is recommended to yo*" care and 
prudence by y^ Governo'' and Councill./. 

By Order in Councill 

Is?. Addington Sec"^- 
Superscribed 

To Major Jeremiah Swayne 
Comander in Chiefe of y'^ 
Forces at Salmon Falls 
These./. 



Order in relation to payment of Soldiers 

Ordered by the Representatives that the Select men 
together with the Coiiiission officers of the respective Townes 
take an account of the Charges of the souldjers of there sev- 
eral Townes, of what hath bin expended vpon them, dureing 
the time of there servis. And what is thire Just due, 
whereof they are to send an accoant vnto the Treasurer of 
the Collonie, whoe accordingly is Ordered to Jssue out war- 
rants, to the Constables to make payment to the soldjers of 
s*^ Townes, and make retm-ne thereof vnto the Treasurer. 
Nov?.' 8*? 1689 Ebenezer Prout Clerk 

M"" John Aires 
M' EdW^ Bromfield 
M' John Taylor 
M' Eliakim Hutchinson. 
M'' Peter Sargent 
M'' Samson Sheaf e 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 75 

Six Rates to he Levied for payment of Soldiers^ ^c 

Boston NovV 8f 1689. 

Resolved By the Representatives 

Nemine Contra Dicente 

That Six Rates be Levied forthw**' on tlie Inliabitants of 

this Colony for Paying of Sokliers and publiqne Charges that 

have arisen since the Revolution by reason of y" War & y*' 

y^ Treasurer forthw"' Isue foth his warrants for the efecting 

the same. 

The prizes of Corn as falloweth 1 A third abated if 

j mony 



Wheat 5 

Barly & Barly malt 4 

Rye 3 

Indian Come 3 

Pease 4 



d 

6 



G 





Desireing the Hon'"d Gov" 
& Magistrates Consent 
Ebenezer Prout Clerk 



Six Rates to he Levied, for paying of Soldiers, ^c. 

Boston Novemb'- 8^^ 1689. 
Resolved by the Representatives Nemine Contra Dicente 

That sixe Rates on whereof to be in money be Levied 
forthwith on the Inhabitants of this Collonie for paying of 
Souldiers & publiqne Charges that have arisen since the Rev- 
olution by Reason of the war & securing the castle & prison 
(Stc*^ and that the Treasurer forthwith Jsue forth his warrants 
for efecting the same. The prises of Corne are as followeth 
Wheat at five shillings six pence g bushell 



76 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Barely & Bareley Malt at three shillings six pence 

Rye at tlu-ee shillings 

Indean Corne at three shillings. 

pease at four shillings 

Those that pay money on the five Rates to have a third 
abated 

Desiring the hon'"'' Gou'^s & 
Magistrates Consent: 
Ebenezer Prout Clerk 
Consented to by y'^ Magistrates 

Nov. 9'?" 1689./. la: Russell by ord^ 



Letter Maj" Sweyne to the Gov''' ^ Council Nov. 13. 1689. 

To y*^ Hon^'^ Govern'' & Councill Sitting 
att Boston Novemb-^ 28. 89 
Hithertoo by Sickness being prevented I now take y** bold- 
ness to give yo"" Hono" an account of my proceedings, persu- 
ance of an Ord"" to me directed from yo"^ Hon''* with referance 
to o'" drawing off o'' fforces leaving Garrisons Soldiers &c. — 
Portsmouth Novemb-" 13th. 89. 
Att a Councill of warr for y'' Safety of y® provinces of 
New Hampshire & Maine, my Self with yo'' Maj"*'* officers in 
Comission in y*^ army with some of y® principal Gent" of both 
Provinces, y® Councills ord'' being read several questions 
were propounded to y** s** Councill of warr, viz how many 
Soldiers w"" of absolute necessity to be left in all. 2'^ how 
many in each province. 3^^. where to be posted, 4^^ under 
w* conduct & how y^ should be maintained. It w* thought 
necessary on all hands y* Sixty men Should be left there 
twenty in Hampshire «&; forty in Maine, y" I desired of y"' to 
know how many of those Sixty y^ would raise in y^ s*^ prov- 
ince, after debate y^ agreed to raise ten, & so att Cochecho 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE V7 

to post 4, att y^ widdow Heards Garrison 8, att Capt. J 11° 
Gerrishes, att Oister river, 4. att Capt. Jn° Woodmans, & 4 
att Robert Burnums — And for Maine it w^ thought need- 
full y' 14 were posted in y*" ffrontier Garrisons att Wells, & 
y** rest in Kitteiy, & Berwick 4 att Maj'^ Charles ffrosts Gar- 
rison, & 5 att y** most notherly Garrison in y" front of both 
townes, ye rest att y*" ffort att Salmon Falls & y® houses adja- 
cent & all to be quartered with y'' inhabitants in each places 
where y^ were posted. 

It was adjudged meet also y^ one of y"* Captaines in Comis- 
sion in y" army should take y^ charge of y"", I urged y* some 
of y^ officers y' should do it, but y^ replyed y"^ Government 
was so lame y* y^ could scarce comand each man his family, 
& it would be an undoing thing not to leave one of o" in 
comission there because y" Soldiers & inhabitants stood in 
some more fear of y® Bay y" of y"" own officers. 
So it w^ concluded to leave one, & I left Capt. Gardner for 
y*' gsent 'till further ord" from yo' Hon""* ordering him with 
part of y^ Soldiers to scout about y*" outside of y*" townes as 
farr as y^ could for y^ snow in tollerable weather to see if y^ 
could finde either Skulkmg Indians or y"" tracks but not to 
expose himself or men too much to hazzard So leaving y'" to 
Gods protection & y« Cap*? dare & conduct I tooke my leave 
of y'" & returned home & disbanded y** rest and so subscribe 
my self yo'' Hon" Humble Serf Jer Syene. 

Stephen Holdetis Petition. 1600. 

To The Honored & great Assembly now settmg in Boston. 
The humble petition and Request of Stephen Holden of Groton, 
Honored S" It having pleased the Almighty (jod 
to order it that myselfe & my two biggest sons tho small 
were taken captives by the Indian enemyes from our towne 
of Groton and being with the Esterne enemy & my 2 sons 



78 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

about one year & ten moneth where tho it was my portion 
to escape with my life thro gods mercy beyound what I did 
expect or look for & I thinke fared better than some other 
English yet great hardship and difficultyes I underwent butt 
being very desirous with one of my Sons that was there to 
gitt home If it might before the English vessells came I was 
necessitated to give my promise to my Indian Pilates whome 
I satisfyed att Richmans Island by English that I borrowed of 
there thre pound & twelve shillings If I might have y^ bold- 
nesse I would humbly crave That It might be payd out of 
Publiq stock I should take it thankfully att your hands This 
with my thankfullnesse to God that both myselfe & both my 
children he hath graciously returned to our home againe 
commend your honours concer into y® hands & wishing y" 
Presence & benediction of y® soveraine God I take Leave & 
subscribe myselfe your humble servant and suppliant 

Groton May 27th 1699 Stephen Holden 

June 6th 1699 once read 
and Voted by the house of Representa- that the above 
s*^ Peticoner Stephen Holden of Grotton be paid out 
of the publick Treary Three pounds & twelve shillmgs 
money 

Sent up for Concurrence 

Jam^ Converse Speaker 
19° July 99. Read and past in Council 

Is!- Addington Secry 
Consent** to 

Bellomont 

Josiah Parker's Petition. 1699, 

Province of y^ To his Excellency, The Right 

Massachusetts Bay Hon^*® Richard Earle of Bello- 

May 30th 1699 mont Governo-^ in Chief of his 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE Y9 

Majesties Province of the Mas- 
sachusetts Bay in New England 
and to y'' Hon''^*^ y*' Council 
and Representatives in Gen" 
Court Assembled 
The Petition of Josiah Parker of Cambridge humbly sheweth 
That whereas in the year 1693 Indian Enemy made an 
assault upon the Town of Groton in which among othei's 
James Parker Jun"^ Brother to yo'' humble Pet"'' was killed 
with his wife severall of his Children also were then carryed 
away Captive one of which named Phinehas Parker some- 
thing less then a year ago was ( by a Master of a vessell 
belonging to Ipswich ) redeemed from the Indians at y® Eastr 
ward which said Master has been reimbursed by yo'' Pet"'^ 
w*^'' is to the value of about six pounds in Money - 

the earnest request of yo"^ humble Pet"'' to yo*" Excel- 
lency & to this hon^^® Court is that you would please to Con- 
sider him t& that allowance may be made him out of the pub- 
lick Treasury for what he has disburst also he desires humbly 
that you would please something to Consider the s£iid Phin- 
ehas who is a poor Orphan now about twelve years old and 
is like wise lame of one of his Leggs occasioned by ye cruelty 
of y® salvages and it is very questionable whether ever he 
will be Cured & has little or nothing left him of his Fathers 
estate for his support It therefore what has here been sug- 
gested by yo"" humble Pet"'' may be accordingly Considered 
& granted, it will greatly oblige him, as in duty Bound ~ 

Ever to Pray &c 
June 3 1699 Josiah Parker 

Read 1** tyme 

June 6tli 1699 read a 2*^ time, 
June 7th read a 3'"'^ time And Voted 
that the Petitioner be Allowed six pounds money out of 
the publick Treaiy. 



80 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Sent up for Concurrence, ~ 

Jam! Converse 
19° July 99 
Read and past in Council 

Is' Addington Secry 
Consented to 

Bellomont 



SamJ' Austin's Petition, 1699. 

To His Excellency the R* hon*'^'' Rich*^ Earle of Bellomont 
Governour in Cheife of his Maj"*"* Province of the Massachu- 
setts Bay &c, the hon'''* Council & representatives, now 
assembled in Gen'^ Court convened att Boston 

The Petition of Samuell Austin formerly of Wells 
Innhold"" butt now of Charlestowne 
Humbly Sheweth 

That yo"" Petition"" in the first Warr with y^ Indians 
in the Easterne parts ( now more then Twenty yeares 
since ) had Quartered upon him many Sould''* , and 
Expended a very Considerable part of his then Estate 
in makeing provision for their Entertainem', to y* 
value of Eighty pounds as by his owne, and the then 
Committee of Wells Generall Accompts herewith pre- 
sented may appeare, for which he never rec'' one penny 
towards satisfaction from the Publick, besides w*'*' by 
reason of y*' Late warr was driven away from his 
house and home to Charlestowne, where with his wife 
he hath continued for some time, who are now growne 
very aged, past their Labour and reduced to avery 
meane Low and Necessitous condition haveing not 
wherewithall to afford them a subsistence 



OF THE STATE OF MABSTE 81 

Yo'' Poore petition'' Doth therefore humbly 
entreate that this high and hon^^® Court will 
please to take y^ premisses into Consideracon, 
soe as to make such Compensation to him towards 
the reimburesing him his afores*^ disbursem'* and 
Support of himself and wife as to this hon^^ 
Court shall seeme meete 

And Yo'" Petition'' as in duty bound shall 
pray &c^ 
June 15*^ 1699 House of Represen- 
tatives, Read, June 16'^ Voted That 
in Consideracon of divers good Ser- 
vices formerly done for the Publick by 
Same" Austin the aboves? Petitionf (he 
being now reduced to great Want) the 
sum of fifteen Pounds be Granted to 
him, & paid out of the publick Treary. 
Sent up for Concurrance. 

Jam! Converse Speaker 
June 4th House of Representatives 

Read thrice, Voted That in Consideracon of diverse good 
Services, formerly done for the Publick by Sam" Austin the 
aboves'^ Petitioner ( he being now reduced to great Want) 
the sum of fifteen Pounds be Granted to him, and paid out 
of the Publick Treasury. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Leverett Speaker 
June 12th In Council 

1700 Read in Council and Vot®'' a concurrance. 

Is' Addington Secry 



82 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petition of John Phillips ^ James Converse. 

1699. 

To his Exipy ye Earle of Bellamont, Gou! and Comand^ in 
Cheife, &c : In and Over his Maj*^ province of the Massa- 
tusets Bay in New England &c : and to the Honl^ y® Council!, 
— and Representatives assembled in Gen'3 Court, May y^ 
31"* 1699.- 

The petition of Coll! John Phillips Esqy & James Converse, — 

Humblye sheweth 
that Whereas y" Hon^'^ Gen" Court in November last 
Appointed Your petition" to vndertake A Voiage Eastw*^ in 
y® dead of the last Winter, to Negotiate an affaire with y*" 
Eastw*^ Salvages, accordingly, haveing Received Instructions 
from his Hon'" y'^ L* Gov"" & Council, yonr petition'^ Imbarq*? 
on y^ province Gallye, Capf^ Cyprian Southak Comand^ on 
y^ Eigth of Decem"^ last, and proseeded on y® Voiage, and 
returned hom to Boston in feb : following, we were two 
months and a day or two, we Indured much hardship, we 
brought hom most of y** English Captives y* were in y® 
Indian hands, and returned A journ'J of the whole affaire to 
his Hon"" and Council, who were pleased to send Your peti- 
tion""^ againe in April last who were absent one month, 
besids aboue a Week on s*! service to fitt for y® Voiage, so y* 
we were more y" a week aboue three months in all, and yett 
made all the possible dispatch we could, as our Journals will 
shew 

We Expended several pounds of our own money, and as 
yett have rec"? nothing for our great pains and charge. 

We pray y* your ExiP^ and your Hon™ would be 
pleased to order to Each of vs out of the publick 
treasury of this province, such meet Compensation, 
as in Your Wisdom may seem Just So shall your 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 83 

petitio" as in duty pray &c - 
Jam' Converse 
in the behalfe of 

CoP Phillips 
& him selfe, 
House of Representatives 
July 7th, 1699 Read & Comitted 

Wee y** Comittee for Petitions propose that ColP Jn" 
Phillips Esq'" & m"" James Converse be allowed twenty 
five pounds apeice Out of the publique Treasu"^ for their 
great & good Service done for the publique mentioned 
in this Petition. 

House Repr : 

July 8th 1699 Read twice & Pass'd. 



Resolve in favor of John Phillips ^ James Converse 
1699. 

Whereas the Hon^^® John Phillips Esqf and Majf James Con- 
verse were Appointed by the Generall Assembly in Novem'' 
last to Undertake a Voyage the last Winter to Negotiate an 
Affair with the Eastward Indians, which order they Attended 
and were upon s*^ voyage by the Space of Two months and a 
day or two; And were Sent again by the Hon*'^^ the Liev' 
Govf & Council on s*^ Affair in April last, & were then upon 
their voyage about a month & a week, in the whole Three 
Months and a week upon s"* service. 

Resolved That the Sum of Thirty Pounds be allowed 
and Paid to each of them out of his Maj''*'^ Treasury of this 
Province In Consideracon of their Service afores*! 
In the House of Representatives 
July 8th Read twice & Pass'd 



84 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Sent up for Concurrance 

Jam? Converse Speaker /. - 

18° July. 99. Read and Past in Council. 

Is? Addington Secry 
Consent*^ to 

Bellomont 



Resolve in favor of Timothy Phillips, Jacoh Luff kin ^ Joseph 
Soper. 1699. 

Whereas at a Great & Generall Court or Assembly 
began & held at Boston upon Wednesday the 26*^ of May 
1697 : & Continued by Severall prorogations unto Wedens- 
day y'' 15th of Decemb'' following and then mett a Comittee 
was appointed to Receive and inquire into the Demands that 
are or shall be made for allowance unto any officers or soul- 
diers which were wounded in his Majesties Service in the 
Engagement with the Enemy in the preceding Summer in 
the Eastern parts of y'^ Province and to make report thereof 
to y® Generall Assembly. 

And the said Committee haveing made report accord- 
ingly that they think Ten pounds ought to be allowed to 
Capt. Timothy Phillips, and Three pounds to Jacob Luffkin 
and Two pounds to Joseph Soper in Consideration of theire 
time whilest under the Doctor's hands for y^ Cure of theire 
wounds. 

Resolved That there be out of his Maj*"'* Treasury 
of this Province, Ten pounds allowed and paid to s'^ Cap* 
Timothy Phillips and Three pounds to Serg* Jacob Luffkin 
and Two pounds to Joseph Soper In Consideration of y'^'' 
time whiles* under y*^ Doctor's hands for Cure of their wounds 
as aforesaid. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 85 

In the House of Representatives 
July 7th 1699 Read & Pass'd 
Sent up for Concurrence 

Jam* Converse Speaker 
July 18! 1699 
Read in Council and past 

Is' Addington Secry 
Consented to 

Bellomont 



In Council 

4? Juny, 1700, 
Resolved 

That his Majesty be humbly Addi-essed by this Court 
with reference to the Encroachments & claim of the French 
to part of this his Maj'"^* Province and Territorys and right 
of Fishery upon the coast of Accadie or Nova Scotia And 
that there may be a Settlement & adjustm' of the boundaiys 
betwixt this his Maj"^* Province and the French Territory to 
prevent future troubles, and the right and priviledge of the 
English to the Fishery to be Asserted. 

And y* Elisha Cooke Elisha Hutchinson & Sam'' 
Sewall Esq? with the Secretary be a Coiuittee to joyne w"" 
a Committee of the House of Representatives ( if they thinke 
fit to name any) to prepare the draught of an Address 
accordingly. 
Sent down for Concurrance./ 

Is' Addington Se(rry./. 
In the House of Representatives 
Die gdict. Read, and Concurr'd. 

And Resolved That Sam" Donnell Thomas Hinckley 
EsqS M' Sam'l Sprague, Cap* John Brown, and Cap' John 



86 DOCUMENTABY HISTORY 

Burrill be a Comittee to join with the Comittee of the Coun- 
cill above written. 

Jolm Leverett Speaker 



Jan. 10. 1700. Report of his Majesty's Council in relation to 

Forts. 

To the Kings most Excellent Majesty. 
May it please Your Majesty 

Your Majesty having required Us to Report the 
State of the severall Forts in your Majesties Plantations. 
Wee humbly take leave to lay the same before Your Majesty 
and to propose what we conceive may be necessary to be 
done for their better security & defence. 

The Settlements of Your Majesties Subjects in 
Hudson's Bay being reduced to a weak condition ; may in a 
particular manner deserve Your Majesties thoughts and Rec- 
ouiendation to the Governor and Company of Hudson's Bay, 
that they Employ their best Endeavours for the security of 
their Fort and Factories there. 

Newfoundland is of great Importance, by reason 
of its Trade and Fishery which yield to England about 
.£300,000 g Annum; The Eastern Coast of this Island is 
Inhabited by English, who this last Summer were computed 
to be 3*733. The place of chief Strength is S' Johns Harbour 
which is now Fortifying by Your Majesties Command, & if 
the Garrison which at present consists but of 40 men under 
the Command of a Lieutenant, were encreased to as many 
more ( to be sent in the Spring with the Convoys ) Your 
Majesties Subjects there will not lye so much exposed to an 
Ordinary force by sea, nor be in danger suffeiing from an 
Enemy by Land, as they did in the late War when they were 
destroy'd by the French from Placentia 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 87 

On the Continent your Majesty has one continued 
Dominion for at least 17 Degrees beginning from the River 
S*'* Croix ; And ColP Romer the Engineer has by Order 
from the Earl of Bellomont Surveyed all the Coast from 
S? Georges to Boston, and sent his Draughts of the Principal 
Bays and Rivers, which we humbly lay before Your Majesty 
with the Condition of Several places which are thought Nec- 
essary to be fortified. 

The Entrance into S^ Georges River being diffi- 
cult because of several Islands and Rocks in the Bay of 
Musconcus a small Redoubt and Battery upon the neck of 
what is uow Called Bellomont's Bay is Judged sufficient for 
the Security of that River. 

About five Leagues to the Westward of S! Georges 
lyes Pemaquid a Spacious River and of great consequence as 
covering three other Rivers, Damarascot, Sheepscot, and 
Kennebec ; and therefore deserves to be well Guarded. At 
the Entrance of this River within two Leagues of the main 
sea, formerly stood a Fort which at the appoach of two men 
of War with 100 French & 500 Indians was shamefully sur- 
rendered in August 1696 and demolished. 

For the Security of this Port & Harbor and of all 
that Country, and to encourage people to settle there as 
formerly, a good Fort ought to be built in the same place or 
thereabouts. And for its better defence in Case of an Attack 
from the sea a Battery may be raised on the next point of 
Land, & a redoubt or round Tower on Johns Island. 

Towards the Mouth of Kennebec River (seven 
Leagues from Pemaquid) are many little Islands : On that 
of Damaras= Cove there was before the war a Pallisadoed 
Fort for the defence of y^ Fishermen, & another on Cape 
Anawagon where they used to Cure their Fish ; But to 
Guard the Entrance of the River a Redoubt ought to be 
raised on the Island Sagadahock and a little Fort at New 



88 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Town in Rouseck Island two Leagues up the River, where 
there was formerly a small square one Pallisadoed. 

Casco ( six Leagues from Kennebec ) is a conven- 
ient Bay on the North West point whereof was formerly a 
a village called Falmouth and a Wooden Fort both which 
having been destroyed in the late War, The Government of 
the Massachusets has Ordered a New Fort and Trading 
House to be built thereabouts which may be of good service 

Saco River ( about Nine Leagues to the Westward 
of Casco ) is but smal and its Navigation interrupted by a 
Sandy Bank at its Mouth almost dry at Low Water Two 
Leagues up the River on the Western Side near the Falls, 
stands a Stone Fort and a Tower in the form of an irregular 
Pentagon, which ought to be kept in repair and Collonel 
Romer has marked out a place on Winter Harbour, or Stage 
gut point four Miles from the Mouth of this River for the 
security of the Fishery. 

At Wells and York are Villages w*^ little Garrison 
Houses which require no further consideration. 

Piscataway ( nine I^eagues from Saco ) is an Impor- 
tant River being the Boundary between the Province of 
Main and New Hampshire. On the great Island at the 
Mouth of this River is a Fort of 30 Guns on New Hamp- 
shire=side but incapable of defending the River, Yet the 
place where the said Fort stands is very proper for building 
a good New Fort, such as the growing Trade of that place 
and Country requires Collonel Romer has sent a design 
thereof and adds that a good Strong Tower on the point of 
Fryars Island, a Battery on Wood Island, and an other Bat- 
tery on Clerk's Island wou'd be very necessary. 

The Massachusets Bay, has in it many Islands, and 
among the rest Castle Island not far from Boston, of great 
Security to that Harbour. In the said Island is a Fort which 
Colonell Romer proposes to be repaired and enlarged ; And 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 89 

for the bett' Securing the Passages and Channels of the Bay, 
he further proposes some points of Land to be provided with 
Batteries. 

Rhode Island being the most Important place on the 
South West side of Cape Codd, is so Situated as to be a very 
Convenient Harbour for shipping and of Security to that 
part of the Country in Case it were put in a State of Defence, 
which it has never yet been by the mean Condition and 
Refractoriness of the Inhabitants. 

In the Province of New York there is a Fort for the 
Security of that Citty & Harbour, which is in an Indifferent 
good Condition; from thence 140 Miles up Hudsons River 
is the Town and Fort of Albany and about 20 Miles from 
thence on an other River, is a place Called Schenectady ; Both 
which are of the greatest consequence towards the Security 
of that Province and your Majesties other Plantations on the 
Continent. 

In the Onondage Country a Sodd Fort is necessary, 
towards securing the 5 Nations of Indians m their Allegiance 
to your Majesty ; for which Provision is already made by 
Your Majesties Gift of 500 X & a Contribution of 1500 by 
the Assembly of New York. 

The Provinces of East & West New Jersey are with- 
out any Forts or Places of Defence and being Proprieties 
whose Governors are unqualifyed as not being approved of 
by your Majesty those Governments are in great disorder 
and nothing more can be proposed concerning them that they 
should contribute to the defence of New York. 

The Province of Pensylvania is likewise without For- 
tifications Dor are any desired by the Proprietor, which 
nevertheless might be requisite for the Security of the 
Delaware River. 

Your Majesties Provmces of Maryland and Virginia 



90 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

are so scituated y* they are best secured by Shipping, and do 
not require any Fortifications. 

The Provinces of Nortli and South Carolina are under 
Proprietors who take upon themselves to provide for their 
own Security. 

Having laid before your Majesty this Account of the 
Fortifications on the Continent, We humbly beg leave to 
add. 

That the Province of the Massachusets Bay ; being a 
Numerous and wealthy Colony, enjoying great priviledges by 
Charter ; ought to be required to Repair, Erect and Main- 
tain at their own Expence, the Fortifications in the fore 
mentioned places under that Government ; And most partic- 
ularly the Fort at Pemaquid, the Chief Frontier of that 
Province towards the French and their Indians, which was 
well kept up, whilst it remained under the immediate Gov- 
ernment of the Crown; The said Forts being necessary for 
the Securing of the Timber and Fishery on that Coast and 
to encourage the resettling the Province of Main and the 
more Eastern parts which have been destroy'^ and laid waste 
in the late War, by the Mismanagement and neglect of the 
Massachusets Government. 

That the said Province of the Massachusets Bay, 
ought also to be Assisting to the Province of New Hampshire 
in their Fortifications. 

That the Province of New York being another Front- 
ier, Exhausted by the Extraordinary charge it was at for its 
own defence, during the late War ; and the several Fortifica- 
tions there being of too great expence to be Supported by 
that single Province, Your Majesty has been Graciously 
pleased to appoint 2,000b towards the Fortifying of Albany 
Schennectady, and we hope upon the Significations of your 
Majesties Royall pleasure to the other Plantations, who are 
greatly concerned in the Security of that Frontier they may 



£ 




s d 


150 


n 


n 


450 


R 


" 


250 


n 


" 


250 


n 


n 


350 


n 


n 


650 


n 


n 


900 


n 


n 


3000 




Sterling 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 91 

be induced to contribute thereunto according to the Propor- 
tion which we have stated as followeth viz*. 

Rhode Island & Providence \ 

Plantations } 

Connecticut 

East New Jersey 

West New Jersey 

Pensylvania 

Maryland 

Virginia 

Making in all X3000 
In this Repartition we have omitted North and South Car- 
olina as to any part of that Charge, because of the Duty 
incumbent on those Proprietors to maintain and defend that 
Province which is likewise a Frontier fit to be secured. 

And in Order to excite the sever^^ fore mentioned Planta- 
tions to contribute in their respective proportions to the 
Charge of Securing the Frontiers of New York, We herewith 
lay before your Majesty the Draughts of Letters relating to 
each of the said Plantations, ( as also to New England for 
the fortifying of their own Coast) in pursuance of Your 
Majesties Commands Signifyed to Us by the Right Hon''^^ 
M'' Secretary Vernon 

All w'=^ nevertheless is 
Whitehall most Most Humbly Submitted 

Jan-'y the 10''' Signed// Stamford 

1700 Ph: Meadows 

W"' Blathwayt 
John Pollexfen 
Geo: Stepney 
Math : Prior 



92 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

John Wilson'' s Petition, 1700. 

To the Right Honourable W"^ Stoughton Esqf Lieu^ Gov' 
Comand'' In Cheife &c : and to y'' Hon^® Councill, together 
with the Honon^® hous of Ilepresentetives, of this his Maj*^ 
Province of the Massatusets Bay in New - England, asembled 
in Gen^^ Court ffeb : the twelfth in y*^ twelfth Yeare of his 
Maj'^ Reigne, Annoq, Domini 1700: 

The petition of John Wilson sen* of Billerica in y® County 

of Midd. in y^ Province afores^ — 

Most Humbley Sheweth — 

That Your Hon""^ petetion*" being Caled by Authority into 
his Maj** service ag^' y*^ french and Indian Enemy, eastw'^ in 
ffebruary 1691 : vnd' the Comand of Col: Elisha Hutchin- 
son as Comand"^ in Chiefe, and your petetion"" was L* und"" 
Capt" Jam* Convers, but at y® time of our Mustering at 
Woobourne my s*^ Capt" was with Cap*" Greenleafe sent out 
to strengthen & encouridg y" frontiers, and Your petetion"^ g 
order from y® Coinand'" in Chiefe lead away y® Company e to 
y® Eastw?* and disperced them p'' ord'' at Wels Kittree quo- 
chechaw &c : then was my s^ Capt" againe ( Vnexspectedly 
sent away further east in ord"^ to y^ Redemption of Captives 
&c : So that your petetion'^ had the whole Charge and Care 
of the Company ( which was a Very large Company ) vntill 
y* begining of June 92 : when y® Capt" Came to Wels two or 
three dayes before y® Indians attack'^ y® toune and sloops &c : 
which time y* Your peteti"" had y** charge as afores*^ was about 
sixteene Weeks, and being ordered by y'^ Comander in Cheife 
to post away very often from one place to an other to look 
after y® Soldiers &c : I was forced to keep A horse at my 
own Charge, which horse I caryed from hom with me, besides 
all this trouble and care, wherein I did y® buisenes of a Capt" 
for y® whole sixteene Weeks y® Exspences of Mustermg, and 
vpon y® March, and from towne to towne and my horse going 
post to Boston, y*^ service of my horse all suiner, and my 



OF THE STATE OF MAI]SrE 93 

pocket Exspences were necessaryly more y" ten pounds, and 
yet I never had any allowance for all this more y" a L*? pay, 
If Your Hon""^ pleas to Inquire of Maj'' Convers he can 
Informe this High and Hon^® Court more perticulerly for 
your sattisfaction therein. 

Your petetion" prayer to Your Hon" is y* the prem- 
ises may be duly Considered, and som meet allowance 
granted him, y* he may have y^ like Incouragem* with 
others in like case and y* Your petetion'" may not goe 
a Warfare on his own Charge. - 
so shall he Ever pray &c. 

John Willson 
ffeb^'y 19. ITOO. In the House of Representatives 
Read. 

It is the opinion of the Coraittee, that there should be paid 
L* John Wilson out of the Province Treasury three pounds 
for his Extraordinary Expences in y" Countreys Service ~ 
House of Representatives ffeb 21**. lYOO 
Read, and Accepted. 

Ordered That 
the sum of Three Pounds be Allowed and Paid out of the 
Publick Treasury to the Petionf John Willson, for his 
extraordinary Expences in the Countreys service. 
Sent up for Concurrence 

John Leverett Speaker 
Feb^ 24"' 1700 
In Council. 
Read and vof' a Concurrance 

Is^ Addington Secry./. 



94 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Committee for Eastern Claims 

In Council./. 

February 27. 

1700 
Resolved That a proper Committee be appointed to receive 
and Examin the claims of all Proprietors of Lands, and of 
such as challenge propriety in any of the Lands lying within 
this Province to the Eastward of the Town of Wells laid 
waste by the late War, In order to the preventing of Suits 
and controversys that otherwise might arise thereabout, and 
for the better directing of the regular Settlement thereof. 

The said Committee to cause publication to be made of 
the times and places when and where they shall appoint to 
Sit for that end. And to make Report of their doings unto 
the next Gen" Assembly. 

Is* Addington Secry./ 
Sent down for concurrance./. 

In the House of Representatives 

ffeb! 28* 1700. Read and Resolved a Concurrence 

John Leverett Speaker 



In Council. 4! March 1700 
Samuel Sewall 
John Walley 
E'p Hutchinson 
Nath! Byfield 

Resolved, That the four persons above nam^ be of the 
Committee for the affair within mencon'* with such 
others as shall be joyned to them by the Representatives. 

Is! Addington Secry./. 
Sent down for concurrance./ 



.Esq'^/. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 95 

In the House of Representatives 
March 7**^ 1700 Read 

Resolved a Concurrence & That Cap^ Timothy 
Clark, Cap* Sam'.^ Phipps & Mf Isaiah Tay, be joyned 
with the Persons above named to be a Comittee for the 
affair within mentioned 

John Leverett Speaker. 
Concui-"? with 



Jos : Hammond ^c, Petition relating to Imposition laid hy 
y^ G-overnment of Neiv Hampshire^ and Resolve thereon. 

To y® Hon*'^'' y® Lieu* Govern'" and Council of his Majesties 
Province of the Massachusets Bay. 

The Petition of Sundry the Inhabitants of the County 
of York bordering upon the river Piscataqua ~ 
Most humbly Sheweth 

That whereas an Equall right to y'' river of Piscataqua 
has been always accounted belonging to this Goverm*, with 
that of the Province of New Hampshire, for which reason we 
are humbly of opinion the trade on this side y^ river ought 
not to be interupted by the Goverment on y® other however 
we are Credibly informed that y® Generall Assembly of New- 
hampshire have lately past an Act of 12'^ g tun. payable by 
all Small vessells trading into this river And that they are 
resolved not to confine themselves withm the Limits of their 
own Goverm' but to impose the same on such vessells as shall 
come to trade on this Side, which they are enabled to doe by 
having a ffort that coraand! y^ mouth of y*" river whereby 
Small vessels will be discouraged coming to us as formerly 
with a Supply of Provision and other Nessessaries from 
Boston and so Exporting our Lumber, the native product of 



96 DOCUMENT AKY HISTORY 

the place, which will be very prejudicial to the Inhabitants 

here. 

We therefore humbly Pray y"" hon*'^ to take this matter into 

your Serious consideration and to give such relief as in your 

Hon''® great wisedome Shall be thought meet. — 

Kittery March 25'?^ 1701 — Jos: Haiuond 

Ichabod Plaisted 

John Hill 

Charles ffrost 

Thomas Abbott 
June 3^^i 1701. Read 

June 6'^ 1701. In the House of Representatives. 
Resolved That This Petition be Referred to the Comittee 
to whom the Petition of SamV Sewall Esq! & Hannah his 
Wife, concernmg their interest in the Land of Nod is 
referred, viz. Maj'^ Converse, Cap* Phips M*' Cushion, Maj" 
Davisson, That they Examine & Consider the matter thereof, 
and make report of the same, with theii" Opinion thereon to 
this Court. 

Nehemiah Jewett, Speaker. 
Sent up for Concurrence. 

In Council. June 25'^ 1701./. 
Resolved 

That Elisha Hutchinson, John Foster and Eliakim 
Hutchinson, Esq''* be a Committee of the Board to joyne with 
a Committee of the house of Representatives to consider the 
matter of the within written Petition, and to make Report to 
the Session of this Court 

Is^ Addington Secry 
Sent down for concurrance 

It is the Opinion of the Comittee that a letter be writ- 
ten from this present Court to the Government of New- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 97 

hampshire representing to them their unkindness in 
laying an imposition of Tonage on the open Sloops that go 
from hence into their government to trade : and unreason- 
able & injurious imposeing the Same on vessels that must 
pass into the River to the late province of Mayn. 

Elisha Hutchinson g 
ord"" of y° Comitte 

In Council, June 28*'> lYOl 
Read and approved Is^ Addington Seciy 
Sent down for Concurrance 

In the House of Representatives, 
June 28"' 1701. Read & Resolved a Concurrence. And That 
M'' Secfy be Desired a Letter for the end aboves^ 

Nehemiah Jewett : Speaker 



Report 

Whereas upon the 15'^ of June lYOO A Comittee of 
both houses was appointed to Consider of what is fur- 
ther necessary to be done relateing unto y" matters con- 
tained in the Adress unto his Maj*^, agreed upon by 
this Court, and to make their report.// The Comittee 
haveing mett Sundry times and Considered of the 
premisses, Doe thereupon report as followes : 
That the Easterne boundaryes betweene this Province and 
the ffrench may be duely Fixed, Lett M"^ John Nelsons 
Memoirs Monss"^ Vilboonees Letter, and all other 
Papers and affidav'* relateing to that affaire be Tran- 
scribed to accomany the Address. 



98 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Answer to the Earl of Limerick'' s Petition 1700 

To the Right Hon''i« Lords of the 
Council of Trade 
The Answer of S"" Henry Ashhurst. 

Baronet to the Petition of the 
Earl of Limbrick 
My Lords 
I account myself Oblidged to your Lords for Giving me the 
notice of the Earl's Petition — And shall Transmitt it to y® 
Earle of Bellomont his Majesties Governo'' of the Massatu- 
sets Collony & shall p' the first Conveniency Expect their 
fuller Answer in the Mean time, I most humbly lay before 
yo'' LordsPP* that Pemiquid is part of the Lands Granted by 
Charter under the Great Scale to the Massatusets Bay the 
words of which Charter Grant to them all that Tract of Land 
which Lyeth between Nova Scotia and y* Province of Main 
& Piniquid Lying between Nova Scotia & y® Province of 
Main is included in that Charter besides the Governm* there 
have been at Great Charge in building a ffort there Looking 
upon itt as the Most Convenient place to secure that prov- 
ince from the Murthers of the Indians all which is Most 
humbly Submitted to yo"^ Lords^"- 



Letter James Converse to John Lever ett 

Woobourne June I7th 1700 
M'' Speaker 

Hon'^'^ S"" I Cannot get off from y'^ Old theam, Hear 
is A poor Wounded Soldier, who had A trade & hous and 
land, and wherewith to live Comfortabley but hath spent all, 
and more, by Reason of A Wound he Rec'^ in his Maj** Ser- 
vice, he prefferr*^ A petet" to his Exilenc'' y® Gov^ for Reliefe 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 99 

which Is lodged with y^ secritery, I beseech Your Hon'' 
take a little Care for y" pore man, I Know you loue a 
soldier too well to see him Wronged, where it is in Your 
power to help, 

If your selfe or any, desire to speak with me, about y® 
Matter, I will wait vpon You on thirsday next, 

I would not trouble Your Hon'' wdth needless lines, but 
am Yours and the houses humble serv! - 

Jamf Converse 
Superscribed. 
To 
the Hon^^ Jn? Leveret Esqf 
Speaker of y® Hon'." 
hous of Representatives 
In Boston - &c 
These 



Petition Ja^ Converse in behalf of John Baker. 1700. 

To his Exilencey, Richard Earle of Belamont, Cap*" Gen" 
Gov! in Chiefe in and Over his Maj'^ provinces of the Massa- 
tusets Bay New-York, New Hamshiere &c : 
May it pleas your Exelencey, 

This bearer, viz : John Baker is a poore Wounded soldier, 
he hath spent all he hath, Is thought, not to be worth A Groat, 
by Reason of his wound y*^ he Rec'^ in his Maj** service he 
preferred A petetion to Your L^ship at Rehobath, aboue a 
Year a gon, which was delivered to M'' Secretory Addington, 
with Your L'^ships promis y* som thing should be done for 
him, but y^ poore man was so bad of his Wound he was not 
able to wait at Court & so nothing is yet done for him, som 
of his papers are lodged with y** Clerk of y" Hon^^ hous of 



100 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Representatives, his petetion setts forth his Case in part, I 
shall therfore Omitt y® Repetition thereof, 

y" subscriber Humbley prays in y'' behalfe of this poor 
man y* Your L'^ship would be pleased to Comand, y* 
his papers be looked vp, and Considered in ord'' to 
his Relief e 

My Lord, 

I am Your Exilenceys 
very Humble serv* 
Jam? Converse 
Woobourne 

June 17th 1700 / 



John Baher''s Petition. 1700. 

To his Exilencey Richard Earle of Belamont, Cap*"* Gen" 
Govf in Chief in and over his Maj** Provinces of the Massa- 
tusets Bay New York, New Hamsheir: &c: 

The Hon^® Councill, and hous of Representatives, asem- 
bled in Genl^ Court, Boston May y« 29th, 1700, - in y« 
twelfth yeare of his Maj'* Reigne, 

The petetion of John Baker of 
Swanzey in the County of Bristol in y^ province of the Mas- 
satusets Bay, 
Humbly Sheweth, 

That your petetion"^ was borne at Cam- 
bridge, and brought vp at Woobourne, where I lived till I 
was A man, and in the former warr with y® Indians I was 
Impressed into y® County Seruice against s*^ Indians, I sorely 
Wounded in A fight at Naraganset at y*' first, my arme being 
broak by a shott, and y^ shott went thrd p* of my body below 
my sholder, I was sent to Road Hand, to y^ docters, when I 
was able, my father fetched me Hom, gott somuch of A Cure 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 101 

as I learned y^ trade of a weauer, wrought hard, Earned 
money, bought a bitt of hind, built a small hous,- but now 
and then my arme would break out,- 1 sold what I had att 
Woobourne & Remoued to Swanzey, from whence I was 
Impress*^ againe by Cap'" Browne, now in this late warr with 
y^ Indians, Eastw*? being late in y* yeare and Cold, I got 
Cold in my old wound, it swelP Exseedingly. I vnderwent 
more paine then at first. It broak out with many holes thro 
my arme. I have been vnder y*^ hand of severall docters, and 
am got much into their debts, severall holes thro my arme to 
this day, never like to be my own man, & I have spent all I 
have in y® world, my father dead, my mother a poore widow, 
I have nothing to help my selfe withall, I never had any- 
thing of the Contrey but fine pounds towards paying y*^ doc- 
ter &c while I was at Road Island, they would allow me no 
more because my father fetched me away before I was well,- 
and now I lye lyable to be thrown into Goal by y® docters &c 
My prayer to Your Exelencey and this high and 
Honl® Court, is, y* you would pleas to take order y' 
my docters ( whose ace** are in Court, may be pay*^ 
out of the publick tresury of this province and A 
small pention Allowed me Annually, I being disabled 
to work at my trade, and have a great famaly to 
maintaine, and many skilfull do think this wound 
will be my death at last,- and what I pray for is not 
like to Continue long,- so hopeing for a mercifuU 
answer, I shall wright no more at present, but as in 
duty bound continue to pray &c 
John Baker 

In the House of Representatives 
June 20th 1700. Read 

In answer to y*" Petition Within Mentioned, It is 
y® opinion of the Comittee, that there be paid to y* 



102 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

petition"^ for his p''sent Releife Ten pounds out of 
the Treasury of the Province, and for y*^ future a 
pension of four pounds g annum, Till this Court 
shall see Cause to order otherwise. 
June 21st ITOO 

Read in the House of Representatives & Pass'd 
Sent up for Concurrence. 

John Leverett Speaker 
June 22 1700./ 
Read in Council and pas't a Concurrance. 

Is* Addington Seciy 



Tho^. JacJcsoti's Petition 1700. 

To the R' Hon'^i^ Richard Earle of Bellomont Capt° Gen- 
erall and Governo"" in Chiefe in and over his Maj"*^^ 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay, in Council, and to 
the Hon^^*^ house of Representatives in Generall Court 
conven'd 
The Petition of Thomas Jackson of Piscataqua 
humbly shewe^*^ 

That your Pet" sonn Tho? Jackson was entered on 
board the Ship Six ffriends. Cap*" Sugars Comand"^ 
the 9th of July 1690, and served in the late Expe- 
dition against Canada, til discharged, to the Hospi- 
tal 25 Nov"^ following, & afterwards dyed in y* 
service, nev"^ having any wages or recompence, paid 
him, as by y® Books will plainly appear 

Yo"^ Pet"^ humbly pray's consid'^acon of the 
premisses, & That the mony due to his sonn, 
may be paid to him 

And shall pray &c! 

Thomas Jackson 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 103 

In Council. 
June 28 ° 1700. 

Read and Ordered that payment be made of so much as 
is due as above 

Is^ Addington Secry 

Sent down for concurrance 

In the House of Representatives 
June 28th 1700. Read and Voted a 
Non concurrence 

John Leverett Speaker 



Petition of James Grouge in behalf of Wells. 

To the R> Hon^"= Richard Earle of Bellomont Capt° 
Generall and Govern'' in Chief in and over his Maj*'^* 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay m New England, in 
Council, and to the hon^^® house of Representatives in 
Generall Court Assembled. 

The Petition of James Gouge on behalfe of the Towne of 

Wells 

humbly Shew*? 

That the s'^ Towne hath suffered much in the late 
warr w*^ the Indians, having their meeting house and 
most of their dwelling houses burnt & demolish'd by the 
Indians, w'^*' hath very much reduced them, that of 
themselves they cannot build another meeting house, 
nor give Sufficient Mentenance to a Minister to Reside 
among them 

The premisses considered it is humbly pray'd That 
the Suine of Thu-ty pounds be allowed towards y*' 
compleating a Meeting house now erecting & the 
Sume of Twenty pounds for their Minister, who 



104 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

else will be forced to leave said Towne. not hav- 
ing a Competency. 

And yo' Pet' &c* 
June 25th 1700 Read. 

July 8th, 1700, House of Representatives Read and 
VOTED That There be Allowed and Paid out 
of the Publick Treasury, the Sum of Ten Pounds towards 
the support of their Minister, and the sum of Six Pounds 
towards building theii Meeting=House, to the above 
named Town of Wells. Sent up for ConcuiTence. 

John Leverett Speaker 

In Council. July 8° 1700. 
Read and Voted a Concurrance. 

Is :"_ Addington Secry. 



Letter from the Select men of Berwick. 

Hon'^'* S-- 

We understand by o'' Representative ( Lieu? Frost that o'' 
Petition for a Township hath been Considered & it is 
Ordered by the hono'''^ Assembly y* A notification thereof be 
Sent to Kittery before any farther Proceeding be About the 
Same. 

We Profess o'' selves Ignorant whether it belongs to Yo'' 
Hono" or M"" White to give the same ; however we Intreat 
Yo'" hono"^ that they May have this notification so seasonably 
as to attend the Next Sessions of the Assembly that Our 
Case may then be further debated & Resolved. We further 
beg this favour y*^ you would please to give us A Clear 
Understanding of what may Concern us in this Method ; & 
we shall w**" much Readiness Give Satisfaction for yo*" 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 105 

Trouble by o' Representative, & In the mean time we Rest 

Yo"^ Hono" humbly at Com^ 

Berwick Select men f James Emery 

July 26, 1700 of Berwick^ Benjamin 

[Superscribed] (^ James Warren 

To The Honoured 

Isaac Addington 
Esq' 
In Boston 
psent. 



Notification sent to the Town of Kittery of the Resolve of the 
Gen^ Assembly vpon the petition of the Inha¥'^ of Berwick 

Province of the To the Town of Kittery 

Massachusetts Bay within the s*^ Province 

or the Selectmen thereof 
Greeting, 
Whereas the Inhabitants of Berwick, the upper part of the 
Town of Kittery, having prefer'd their Petition to the Great 
and General Court or Assembly of this his Ma^^* Province, 
praying to be made a Township, The s*^ General Assembly 
at their Session begun and held the 29^'' day of May last Did 
pass a Resolve That the s*^ Petition be refer'd to the next 
Session of s*^ Court, and the Town of Kittery to be notified 
thereof- 
Pursuant therefore to the s*^ Resolve, These are accord- 
ingly to notify you of the same. That you may appoint some 
person to attend at the next Session of the s** Great & Gen- 
eral Court or Assembly, if you think fit, to make your objec- 
tions ( if any you have ) why the prayer of the Petitioner 
should not be granted. Dated at Boston the twenty sixth day 
of August 1700. 



106 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Benj^'- Nason's Petition 1700. 

To The Honourable William Stoughton Esq"^ Lieu' Gov- 
ernour Together with the Honour'd Council and Represent- 
atives, of His Maj*^'**^ Province of The Massachusetts Bay, 
Convened In General Assembly- 
Benjamin Nason of Barwick, In the County of York 
humbly Petitioneth 
That whereas in the year of o'' Lord 1694 his Daughter 
Sarah was by The Indian Enemy Captivated and in their 
hands detained till January 1699 or 700 At which time 
She was Redeemed by One Thomas Hutchings, of whom Yo' 
Petitioner was Necessitated to Purchase her by Paying to 
him the Sum of five poimds five shill. & six pence. Accord- 
ing to his inclosed Accompt & Receipt, Or Else to forego 
her, besides his sustaining other Losses & being wounded to 
the disableing of One hand in A great measure, by the Same 
Enemy- 

Therefore it may Please Yo'' Honours to Allow him the 
Charges of his daughter's Redemption, which favour he 
understands Others In the Like Case have Obtained and 
Begg that Yo'' Hono''^ may now see cause to Bestow Upon 

Yo-^ Hono" 
Most humble 
Barwick Petitioner 

Sept 21 1700 Benjamin Nason 

May. 31. Read 

It is the opinion of the Coinitte that there be 
paid to y^ Petition'' Benjamin Nason within 
named four pounds out of the Province Treas- 
ury Towards his disbursm** on y® Redemption 
of his Daughter Sarah from y® Indian Enemy. 

In the House of Representatives 

June 4'** 1701. Resolved That the sum of four Pounds be 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 107 

Allowed and Paid out of the Publick Treasury to the Peti- 
tioner Benjamin Nason towards Defraying the Charge of his 
Daughters Redemption 

Sent up for Concurrence 

Nehemiah Jewett. Speaker 
Read in Council 6° June 1701. 
and vof* a Concurrance. 

Is^ Addington Secry. 

for her ransom 10 scins 3 = 10 = 

for 1 blancet = 07 = 

for 1 par of stockens = 03 = 

for 1 short = 07 = 

for 1 Com = 00 = 6 

for her being abord 3 weeks = 18 = 

5 = 05 = 6 

Jan vary the 29 1699 
Rescued the ful aboue men*^*^ of 
bengmun Nason I sa rescued by me 

Tho* Hutchings 
wich mony his for Redem" 
of Sary nason 

Atest 
Sanni Johnson 
Joseph Young 



Woburn April 9th 1701. 
M: Wheelwright / 

sv 

My love to you Tliese lines may Inform you 
that my Self & some other can help you to a title to all the 
lands within this bound underwritten by a native Indian 



108 DOCtTMENTARY HISTORY 

title, the bounds as followeth, namely, bounded North by 
Canebunk River & East by the Salt Sea, South West & 
North West by Echawonack river, & place called Wamas- 
tudua & Ponbook, 

S"^ I und^stand y' York and Wells & Kittery are within this 
Bounds. Sr if you will inform all the Towns above named 
of the matter, I shall take it exceeding kindly at yo' hand, 
also to inform y"" y* they shall have this native Title very 
reasonable and also if the Gentl" of those Towns shall see 
good for to make choice of some men for to act in this mat- 
ter, & appoint the time when, & the place where it may be 
convenient for all partyes for to meet, I my Self with the 
native will endeavour for to meet those Gentl" y* they shall 
send & in the matter &bove mentioned deal kindly with yo' 
Towns, for I am informed y*^ there is a Gentl" or men y* 
would purchase this Native Title if he or they might have 
the opportunity- Sir, I would intreat you for to let me 
hear from you assoon as may be, for you shall, I mean those 
Towns shall have this Title considerably cheaper than any 
other man or men shall. 

Sr I am yo"^ Assured ffriend 
to Command 
Jacob Wyman 

The Native name is Joseph Lines 

I w*^ some others have in his old Writings 

Sup'Scrib'd 

This ffor Mr Wheelwright 

at York. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 109 

" Letter to Vincent- a Bigot.'" 

Boston, Apr. 10, 1701. 
Sir, 

That you may Not always complain of not being 
answered. These are to let you know, that I have seen what 
you writt to Cap* George Turfrey coiuander of our Garrison 
at Saco, dated the 24th of September last. And I con you 
no Thanks For your over Officiousness in endeavouring to 
proselyte the Subjects of my Master the K. of great Britain, 
to your Idolatries. It would be more pertinent & profitable 
for you to Repent of your Blasphemies belched out against 
the Most pure and holy Christian Religion which we profess ; 
and against the English & French Martyrs of Jesus. They 
that slander our Religion with y® imputation or Idleness and 
inefficacy ; must first harden their hearts and brasen their 
forheads, and do with a prodigious baseness and boldness 
defame our Glorious Saviour Jesus Christ and his most 
important Offices, as idle & in vain. Vincent you are so 
fool-hardy as to dare to wound Christ rather than not come 
at us. Tho you should overcome, you will have nothing to 
glory in but your Shame. 

In your aversation to our Religion, you draw back from 
Christ. 

- nescis temerarie, nescis 

Quern fugis 

Don't seek to purchase to your self a Licentiousness of 
tyranising over our Consciences, & destroying our Souls, and 
we are very thankf nil to you for the Relief you have afi^orded 
ours in their Distress. Some of yours have experienced 

the like succor from us. And we are ready to grant it still 
to any of yours ; and to yourself in particular. And you 
will account it friendship that we call upon you not to run 
upon the Swords point ; but to learn of St. Paul in keeping 
within your bounds, and not going beyond your Line which 



110 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

extends not to our Indians : and to learn of St. Peter to sub- 
mit to every ordinance of man for the Lords sake ; and not 
practically to Contemn the Civil Government here established, 
while you ill favoardly flatter the Persons y* bear it. 

I strictly Comand & Require you to withdraw your self 
out of the King of England's Jurisdiction, where you now 
are ; and that you cease from levening the Indians with your 
pernicious principles & practises. I have sent you a Copy 
of the Law, that you may not pretend surpretend surprise for 
want of due Notice. Do you provide for your own safety 
in time & Imitate our Countryman the Protean persons 
whose [serfdom] & other Vertues you so much Extoll in 
your Harangue Romantick by speedily betakeing your self 
to Quebeck, or Paris, or Rome or where you please out of 
this Jurisdiction Except you can find in your heart to forego 
your superstitions for Christ and embrace the true reformed 
Religion which most firmly retains every thing that is 
Christian in yours. I heartily desire & pray for Your Well- 
fare in this Life and that which is to come. & am 

Your humble servant 
W.S. 



Letter from Lt. G-ov. Stoughton to R*. Hon. James Vernon 
Principal Secretary/ of State. ' 

Boston April 28'^ 1701. 
R' Hon^i« 

I wrote to your Honour on the 10**^ currant and 
therein Advised of the Death of the late Governo' the Earl 
of Bellomont, and our great unhappiness in being deprived 
of his good Conduct, which was very acceptable to his Maj""* 
subjects, on whose behalfe I was humbly bold to pray your 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 111 

Honours Favour in what doth concern this Province, Espec- 
ially relating to the Security and defence thereof in case a 
new War happen to commence, and crave leave to renew my 
Request to yo"^ Honour on that subject. We depend on his 
]y[gjtie8 Princely care of us in affording us such Supplies of 
Warlike Stores and provision for the furnishing of his Forts 
& Garrisons within this part of his Territories and Dominion, 
and a Naval Force for Guarding of our Sea-coast, as by the 
blessing of God may be a meanes to preserve us from becom- 
ing a prey to a potent Enemy : wliich without his maj"®^ 
Royal Aid we shallbe in danger of : I have by this Convay- 
ance represented to the R* Hon^'^'^ the Lords Commissioners 
of the Council for Trade and Plantations the circumstances 
of this Province and humbly prayed their Lord?.^ Favour in 
laying the same before his Maj'^. And the Character I have 
received of your Honours generosity and goodnes perswades 
me to beleive that your Honour willbe propitious to us in 
the promoting of such Order to be taken for our Supply as 
shallbe effectual for the defending of his Ma*i?^ Interests. 

I crave your Honours pardon for this trouble, and 
leave to Subscribe 

R\ Hon^.i^ 

Your Hono" 

Most humble and most Obedient 
Servant 

W. Stoughton 
Rt. Hon'"'*' James Vernon Esq^ Principal Secretary of State. 



Letter Lt, Grov. Stoughton to Hon. Secretary Vernon. 

Boston, June 3"^ 1701 
Rt. Hon''i« 

Having already by two Several Conveyances, one of them 
in April and the other in the beginning of May last given 



112 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

your Honour an Accompt of y* Melancholly condition of 
this Province by the death of our noble Governour the R^ 
Hon^^^ Earle of Bellomont, of whose prudent and wise con- 
duct, it is our great unhappiness to be deprived, and the 
more so by reason of those troubles unto which, according to 
y® present appearance of affairs, we seem liable to be exposed. 
And having also in my s** Letters humbly prayed yo"^ Hon" 
favour towards this his Ma'^* Province, in representing the 
State & circumstances thereof unto his Ma*^ and obtaining 
from his Royal bounty such supplies of Stores of War and 
other assistance as with the Blessing of heaven may be for 
y*' preservation of liis Ma'*'^ Interests and the Safety of his 
good Subjects in these parts. I shall not now trouble your 
honour with any further recital of what is contained in those 
Letters, hopeing the same will come safe to j^our Honours 
hands and humbly confiding in your honours goodness for a 
favourable regard to my humble Suit therein. 

Since my writing of my afores*^ Letters I have received his 
Ma^y^ three several Royal Letters one of them of the 19*^ of 
January ITOJ referring to the Spoils comitted in the woods 
by cutting down and converting to private uses Such Trees 
as are or may be proper for the Service of his Ma'^^ Royal 
Navy, and directing me to use my Endeavours with the 
Council & assem.bly to get such an Act past as may be 
effectual to prevent the making such spoile for y® future one 
other of them of the same date relating to Forts & Fortifica- 
tions, and assistance to be given to the Province of New 
Yorke in case of an Invasion. And the other of them of the 
2'' of February 170? referring to Accessories in cases of 
Piracy. 

And have communicated the s^^ several Letters to the Gen- 
eral Assembly now sitting And recommended the consideration 
of the same unto them, that they may make such provision 
as is proper, relating to the several heads thereof, to comply 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 113 

with his Ma*y^ Commands. They had before granted money 
for the repairing and new making of Fortifications on Castle 
Island (so called) near Boston, which are in doing by the 
advice and direction of Col" Romer, his Ma'^* Engineer. 

His Ma*y in his s^ Letter of the 2"^ of February relating to 
Accessories in Piracy, having directed That his Will and 
Pleasure therein be signified unto the Governour & Company 
of the Colony of Rhode Island, that they may conforme them- 
selves thereunto I have accordingly sent them a Copy of his 
Ma*y* s^ Royal Letter. And have likewise sent a Copy of 
That of the lO''' of January referring to Spoils in the woods 
of Trees fit for the Service of his Ma*?'** Royal Navy, unto the 
Lieut Governour of the Province of New Hampshire. And 
crave leave humbly to observe unto your hoU; that I appre- 
hend it will be difficult to prevail with the assembly of this 
Province to be at charge for the building or maintaining of 
Forts at Piscataqua or other parts of that Province which is 
challenged to be the propriety of a single private pei"son. 
This Province having, in the late War, expended many 
thousand pounds in the assistance given his Ma^^^ Subjects 
there for their defence, of which no part hath been reim- 
bursed. 

Besides, the Inhabitants of this Province being extrearaly 
impoverished & many scarce able to provide for their neces- 
sary subsistance, and having many Frontier Towns and places 
of our own, Some of which are also Barriers to that Prov- 
ince, they think the People thereof are as well (if not more) 
able to bear the charge of necessary Forts & Fortifications 
for their own defence, than those of this Province are to sup- 
port their own and other great charges of this government. 

As to the erecting of a Fort at Pemaquid, it is the general 
opinion of all who know y" place that the Situation thereof 
is such as renders a Fortification there of very little or no 
use for the Securing of any of our Plantations, nor can it be 



114 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

a bridle to the Indians, being far remote from any present 
Settlem* of the English and lies much out of the Common 
road of the Indians the greatest numbers of which, that 
usually annoy us, having their Plantations and settlements 
on this side thereof. 

The Quota of men required from this Province for the 
assistance of New Yorke, not a little Startle his Ma'^''* Sub- 
jects here who apprehend themselves to lye more open and 
in danger of an Invasion than that Province, and altogether 
as unable ( if not more ) than they to defend themselves 
without further assistance and they humbly hope for his 
Ma*y* Royal Grace therein, 

I have not any thing further to observe unto your honour 

at present, but to assure yo"^ honour that I shall studiously 

endeavour in my Station to promote his Ma}^^ Service in all 

things to the utmost of my power, whereof I crave your 

honours beliefe, as also that I am with all imaginable respect 

m Hon^e 

Your honours 

Most humble and 

Obedient Servant 

W. Stoughton 
Hon''^*' m"^ Secry Vernon 



Letter Lt. G-ov. Stoughton to the Lords Commiss^^ of the 
Council for Trade and Plantations 

Boston 3^ June 1701.- 
R* Honb.ie 

By a Vessell that Sayled from hence for London in April 

last and also by another in the begining of May, I transmitted 

unto your LordR^ the sorrowful tidings of the Death of the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 116 

Rt Hon^i^ the Earl of Bellomont, his Ma^^ Cap"« General 
and Governour in Chief over this Province &c^ which I pre- 
sume is long before this come to your Lord*'* Knowledge : 
It's a very great unhappiness to this Province to be deprived 
of his Excell'^y^ Conduct, especially at a time when the con- 
juncture of Affairs seem to forbode our being involved in 
more than ordinary difficulties and troubles. 

I was humbly bold to 
pray your LordP.^ Favour in concerning your Selves for the 
preservation of his Maj*'^* Interests and the safety of his 
good Subjects in these parts : that they may not fall a prey 
to a potent Enemy : but that early care may be taken for 
such supplies of Stores for War. and other assistance to be 
afforded them, as with the blessing of God may enable them 
to Defend themselves and his Maj*!*'^ Interests, if a War 
breake forth. 

I hope my former 
Letters will come safe to hand, and shall therefore forbear 
giveing yo'^ Lordp* the trouble of the repetition thereof, rest- 
ing confident of your Lordp? kind regard, in representing to 
his Maj^y the dependance and humble expectation which his 
Maj*^* good Subjects here have of receiving his Royal Aid. 

Since the writing of my former, 1 have with the Advice of 
the Council, commissionated some persons to manage a Treaty 
with the Eastern Indians, and to endeavour to prevent their 
being debauched by the French, that they may not take part 
with them against us. And to Oblige them by Presents and 
assurances of full supplys for Trade to be afforded them, and 
of kind usage therem beyond what they have had from the 
French. The said Commissioners are not yet returned. So 
that I cannot by this Convayance give your LordP* an 
Accompt of there Negotiation : which I hope will have a 
good issue. 

I have to acknowledge unto yo'' Lordp^ the receipt of his 



116 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Ma*!®^ Royal Commission for the Tryal of Pirates within this 
Province, the Province of New Hampshire, & Colony of 
Rhode Island, pursuant to the late Act of Parliament, 
Entituled An Act For the more effectual Suppression of 
Piracy with several of the said Acts inclosed in the Box 
therewith. 

As also the receipt of the representation made by yo'' 
Lordp! upon several Acts and Laws made and passed by 
the General Assembly of this Province from the IS**" of 
December 1697. to the 13th of March 1699. with his 
Maj^!^^ Orders in Council Declaring his Royal Approbation 
and Confirmation of several of the said Laws, therein partic- 
ularly enumerated by their respective Titles. And his Dis- 
allowance & Repeal of some others ; which I shall endeavour 
may be amended having regard to the Exceptions made by 
yo"" LordE? 

I have Likewise received his Maj".®^ three several Royal 
Letters, two of them of 19*^ of January 170^ and one of the 
2** of February 170^. One of the first referring to the Spoils 
committed in the Woods, by cutting down & converting to 
private uses such Trees as are or may be proper for the ser- 
vice of his MaH^^ Royal Navy ; And the other referring to 
Forts and Fortifications, and assistance to be given to the 
Province of New Yorke in case of an Livasion. 

And that of the latest date referring to accessories in cases 
of Piracy, All which I have communicated to the General 
Assembly now sitting, and recommended the consideration of 
them unto them, That such provision may be made by them 
as is proper on the several heads therein mentioned to com- 
ply with his Ma*'^^ Commands 

They had before granted money for the repairing and 
makeing of new Fortifications on castle Island ( so called ) 
neere Boston, which are in doing by the Advice and direc- 
tion of Col?. Romer his Ma*'?* Engineer. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 117 

I crave leave to Observe to your LordP.^ That I apprehend 
it will be difficult to prevail with the Assembly of this Prov- 
ince, to be at the charge for the building & maintaining of 
Forts at Piscataqua and elsewhere in the Province of New 
Hampshire (which is challenged to be the propriety of a 
single private person ) for the defence whereof this Province 
expended many thousands of pounds in the Assistance given 
his Ma*y^ Subjects there during the late War, and are not 
reimbursed any part thereof. 

They also apprehend that the Inhabitants there are as able 
( if not more ) to bear the charge of nesessary Forts and For- 
tifications for their own defence than those of this Province 
(who are extreemly impoverished and many scarce able to 
provide for their necessary subsistance ) are to support the 
vast charges this Government are at for those within the 
same ; which are also Barriers to that Province, and divers 
of our Towns and places lye more Frontier. 

As to the Erecting of a Fort at Pemaquid It is the general 
Opinion of all who know the place, That the situation 
thereof is such as renders a Fortification there of very little 
or no use for the securing of any of our Plantations ; nor can 
it be a bridle to the Indians, being far remote from any pres- 
ent Settlement of the English, and lyes much out of the 
common road of the Indians, the greatest numbers of which 
that usually Annoy us, having their Plantations and Settle- 
ments on this side thereof. 

The Quota required from this Province 
for the Assistance of New Yorke do's much startle his 
Ma*\®^ Subjects here, who apprehend themselves to lye more 
open and in danger of an Invasion than that Province ; and 
altogether as unable ( if not more ) than they to defend 
themselves, without further assistance. And they humbly 
hope for his Ma*'^^ Royal Grace therein. 



118 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Nothing further Offering at present for 
his Maj"^^ Service I crave leave to Subscribe. 
R^ Hon''^^ 

Your Lord^P^ most humble 
and Obedient Servant 
W" Stoughton. 
Lords Comissioners of the Council for Trade 
and Plantations, _s) 



Petition of Nicolas Q-owen ^ James Plaisteed in behalf of 
Kittery and York. 

To the Honered Leftenent Governer Councell & Representa- 
tives in Generall Cort Asembeled 

the Humbel petision of Nicolas Gowen & James Plasteed 
Representatives for y® towns of Kittery & York humbelly 
showeth 

That Wels York & barwick haveing bin by y® former & 
latter wors so impouerished y* y® are not abel to main- 
tain y'' ministers as y'' out. A y''fore Begs such asist- 
ence as this Cort shall think meet 

Also y' garisons being gon to decay do furder beg y' 
y' might be som spetial care taken for makeing & 
Repairing such as your. Honers. shall think Needful 
at y® publick charge for y** preseruation of those parts 
they being the most Exposed to danger by y® Indians 
Enemy & your petistioners shall Ever pray : 
Nicholas Gowen 

James Plaisteed 
June 26th Read. 

In the House of Representatives 

June 28th 1701 Read 



i 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 119 

Answer. 

In Answer to the Petition above written 
Resolved That the sum of ffive Pounds be Allowed to the 
Town of Wells & the like sum of five Pounds to the Town 
of York And the sum of Ten Pounds to the Precmct of Bar- 
wick in the Town of Kittery out of the Publick Treasury 
towards the maintenance of the Ministry in s'^ Towns & 
Precinct. 

Sent up for Concurrence. Nehemiah Jewett : Speaker. 

June 28th, 1701./. 

In Council 
Read and past a Concurrance. 

Is-f— Addington Secry. 



John WilsoTi's Petition. 

To the Honl® his Maj*? Councill, and asemblye, Convean*^ 
In Gen" Court, at Boston in this his Maj^* province of the 
Massatusets Bay in New England, Oct^ 15*fi 1701 

The petetion of John Wilson of Billeriea in the' County of 

Midd'' in y*" province afors? 

Humblye sheweth. 

That your petetion"" did the last yeare, 
viz : in the yeare seventeene Hundred, prefferr A petetion to 
this high and Honon'*^ Court, for allowance in matters wherein 
he had bin in disburs"^ for y'' publick about Eight or nine 
years agon, when he was L^ vnder Capt" Ja : Converee, in 
his Maj^^ service Eastw*:* and in the s*^ petetion y*^ matter is 
set forth more perticulerly, and not haveing any friend at 
Court y^ knew how the matters were circomstanced, the 
Hon*^ Coinittee had not the right vnderstanding thereof, but 



120 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

now my afors^^ Capt" being A member of the Honou^^ hous 
of Representetives, I doubt not but lie will be willing to 
Informe Your Hon''^ y^ the truth of those things mention*^ in 
my s** petetion. 

I do now pray, for a Reconsideration of my Case, Reffering 
Your Hon'^^ to 

my s*^ petetion, and my aforesd 
Cap** Information, and I doubt 
not of a gracious answer, — so 
shall Your petef^. Ever pray 
&: c 
In the House of Representatives 
feb7 25"' 1701. Read 

Resolved- That the sum of seven Pounds be Granted 
to the Petitioner out of the publick Treasury as a fur- 
ther & full Consideration of his extraordinary Expences 
in the Countrey's service over and above the Three 
Pounds heretofore Granted him. 
Sent up for Concurrence. 

Nehemiah Jewett. Speaker 
feb>y. 26"' In Council 

Read, concurred with & consented to. 

Ja: Russell 
Joseph Lynde Elisha Cooke 

E."' Hutchinson John Hathorne 

Benj''' Browne Elisha Hutchinson 

John Foster Sam Sewall 

Natha^ By field Jonathan Corwin 

Nathaniel Thomas 
Peter Sergeant 
Penn Townsend 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 121 



ties 



" 18. Oct. 1701. L"^ to Con. PJdp Esq'' One p his Maj 
SJdp Ai'undel Duplicate p Cap"^'^ Mason./ " 

S^ 

The long Intermission of writing to you, and answering 
yo"" Letter of the 16!!^ of May 1700. which arrived during the 
life of our Governour the Earl of Bellomont, and was trans- 
mitted to him, then at New-Yorke, where he continued till 
the time of his death ; Our L* Governor also dying soon 
after, has partly been occasioned by those providences. 

We return you thankes for the good Advice and direc- 
tion in yours relating to Appeals for England, As also for 
your good Service in your Agency for this Province, haveing 
no intention to make a difference in the reward therefor to 
S^ Henry Ashurst and your Selfe. The sum of Five hun- 
dred pounds Sterling mentioned in yours to be remitted to 
S^ Henry is a mistake. True it is that Five hundred pounds 
of this money was ordered to be paid him here. 

He demanding a considerable sum for his disbursments 
and Expences m our Service : which he reckons amounts to 
that value and more. Your Selfe Saying you had advanced 
nothing on that Accompt other than for Coach hire Letters 
and other necessary Expences. 

We have now Ordered the payment of One hundred 
pounds Sterling to you as a further acknowledgem* of your 
Service in your Agency for us, which is remitted to you by 
his Maj^!^^ Ship Arundel Cap*" Josias Crowe Comand^ as by 
the Inclosed bill of Ladeing- 

Desiring that you will further concern yo^ Selfe in our 
Service, We have herewith transmitted unto you our 
Addresses and Applications now made to his Maj^^ to be pre- 
sented by the first Opportunity, and desire you on our 
behalfe to Solicit the matters therein contained And in 
case these arrive to you before liis Maj'"''* Governour for this 



122 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Province be come from England Please to comunicate to 
him what you shall receive from us, and pray his Advice 
and Assistance therein. 

We were unwilling to make our Addresses and Memorial 
to his Ma*y Swel to over-great length and therefore have 
omitted to be so particular therein as may possibly be neces- 
sary, thinking it better to hint the same in our Instructions 
to your Self viz* 

As to the Ordnance for our Fortifications, it will be need- 
full that some of them be whole Canon, our want being 
chiefly of Guns of the larger Cize. 

CoP Romer his Ma^^* Engineer informes that he has sent 
a Memorial to the Secretary of State, and to the Commis- 
sion" for Trade what will be necessary for us on that occa- 
sion, which you may obtain a sight of. 

We have formerly written to the Ministers of State relat- 
ing to the Boundaries betwixt this his Ma*^* Territory and 
the French of L'Accadie or Nova Scotia and to the Fishery 
on those Coasts. We desire in case the War be not opened, 
that you would solicit the adjusting and setling of that affair, 
which will very much conduce to our quiet w*?^ the Indians ; 
as also to the encouragem* of our Fishery, which is the chief 
Staple of this Country and do's considerably advance his 
Ma*y* Customs, the proceeds thereof being remitted for 
England. 

As to the Bill said to be lying before y® house of Lords 
for the dissolving of Charter Governments in the Plantations 
We intreat you to be very watchful in that matter and use 
utmost diligence and applications by all convenient means 
to prevent our being comprehended in or concluded by the 
same to the depriving of our rights and priviledges, and, in 
case the Bill be likely to be forwarded, that you Address the 
Parliam*^ on our behalfe. 

Our circumstances are different from those of other Plan- 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 123 

tations under Charter Governments. Our first Settlement 
being wholy at our own cost and charges. And by our pres- 
ent Settlem* we are already reduced to a more immediate 
dependance on the Crown his Ma^^ having reserved to him- 
selfe the nomination of our Governour Lieu^ Governour & 
Secretary, and a negative on our Laws. So many of our 
former priviledges being lost we hope at least those that 
remain will be continued to us. 

We shall be careful to make you all due acknowledgements 
for your service, and are 

S^ 

Your affectionate humble 
Boston Ocf^ 18**^ 1701. servants 

October 18*i 1701. 

In the house of Representatives. 
Read & Ordered to be transcribed and sent to 
Constantine Phips Esq'" 
Sent up for Concurrance 

Postscript 

S'" I am Ordered by the Council to acquaint you That 
the General Assembly meeting but on y* 15"' curr* and the 
Ships for England being then just upon Sayling M^ Usher 
who comes with them present? a Petition relating to his 
Accompts as Treasurer of this Territory in the time of S'' 
Edmond Andros's Governm' and the Court haveing so short 
a time to prepare their dispatches by these Ships had not 
opportunity to consider of y" s'^ Pet''"". 
The original of y'' before Letter transmitted was 
signed by 

John Walley Wait Winthrop 

Joseph Lynde Ja: Russell 

Nath' Thomas Elisha Cooke 

Daniel Peirce Elisha Hutchinson 



124 DOCUMENTABY HISTORY 

E"" Hutchinson Sam^ Sewall 

Penn Townsend John Foster 

Samuel Partridge Peter Sergeant. 

Nath^ Byfield 
& Is^ Addington 

In the name and by Order of the House of 
Representatives 

Nehemiah Jewett Speaker 



" March 9*'' 1703 His ExceWJ^ Speech to the Assemhlyr 

March G^Ji 1702. 
" Gentlemen, 

I thought it necessary to see you at this time and to 
have your advice in the affayr of the Warr that presses hard 
and the season of the year advancing we may Expect the 
Enemy back vpon the fronteirs and on the sea cost. 

I am sorry we have done no More against the Enemy this 
Winter however the severall Marches that we have made 
into the woods in the hardest of the Winter has Convinced 
the Enemy as well as ourselves that English Men can bear 
the cold and Travell upon the Snow as well as they and I 
am glad to see the temper and Inclination of her Majestyes 
good subjects so forward and patient of hardship and I 
heartely thank the Commanders and Every party of volun- 
teirs that have so freely undergone the Travel and difficulty 
of the service. 

We are now to Look forward and I think it necessary 
beside the standing forces upon the fronteirs Especially in 
the province of Mayn which are necessary to keep off the 
Impression of the Enemy There will be needfull very speed- 
ily a good force of English and Indians with Sloopes to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 125 

attend the Coast Eastward to keep the Indians from the ben- 
efit of the sea and Trade with the french which Must be 
soon dispatct and after that may be drawn together to pre- 
vent their planting." 



Letter from the Crovernor. 

March 10. 1702 
Gentlemen 

I did not expect when I parted with the Assem- 
bly of this province in November Last that I should have 
maintayned a quiet vpon the frontiers thus long, but I am 
Sensible that notwithstanding there is no Infraction of the 
peace that the pressing Instances of the french by their offi- 
cers and Jesuites that are amongst the Indians are such that 
it is not possible for them to withstand their Importunity to 
break Avith us unless we have a considerable force in the 
province of Mayn who may be a security for them and a 
guard over them, the Charge whereof must be provided for. 
I layd before the last Assembly her Majestyes Commands 
for the rebuilding the fort at Pemaquid, which was also tlie 
Comand of the late King in his Life time and must acquaint 
you that that Assembly went so farr in that affayr as to 
direct a Comittee of both houses to attend mee to the place 
who made their Report advising to go forward in that Work 
and then- return was accepted and agreed to in Council but 
refused by the Gentlemen of the house of representatives, it 
is her Majestyes pleasure given Mee by the Right Honorable 
the Lords Commissioners of Trade and plantations, that all 
possible Methods be vsed to perswade you to an Obedience 
herein with her Majesties Most gracious Incouragement that 
no ordonance nor stores shall be Wanting towards the finish- 
ing and mayntayning the same. 



126 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

I must also acquaint you that the last Sessions ordered 
five thousand pounds bills of Credit to be Issued by the 
Treasurer to pass in public payments and for their security 
Enacted that the next assembly should rayse six thousand 
pounds for their payment which is therefore now to be done. 

I must also recomend to your Care the Lines drawn before 
the Town of Boston which reach from the batteryes at each 
poynt, it was at first a very good projection and security to 
the Harbour and Town but it is now become a Nusance and 
will at length serve only to Destroy the Harbour and Spoyle 
the shipping, you will please to Consider either to put it 
upon the present owners to repayr it or upon their submis- 
sion of it to Dispose it to a New Company that it may not 
be a Mischeife to us. 

There remayns but a little to be done at the castle, which 
as Colonel Romer and the Commissioners acquaint Mee May 
be finished before Medsummer and that Noble work will be 
perfected for which this province ought to have its Just rep- 
utation and as My duty is I shall so represent it to her 
Majesty, I desire your Concurrence for the supply that no 
time may be lost and when I am there free of Workmen and 
Materials you shall see the Government and Care of that 
Garison in its propper posture in all things. 

Gentlemen I am often sollicited and spoken to, referring 
to the Colledge at Cambridge, I am sorry for the Mistakes of 
this Goverment at any time in that affayr, if there be any- 
thing that Imports Mee referring to it when it shall be Cofn- 
unicated I shall freely do My duty to lay it before her 
Majesty and in Every thing referring to the good and peace 
of this province Exert My self to the Vtmost and hope the 
same of every body in their propper stations - 

A. 

I must desire a very speedy despatch in these affayres 
because if I have forces to the Eastward I must be Near 



t 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 127 

them and I think it necessary for Mee to see the Indians 
there if possible to Confirm them in their obedience to her 
Majesty and their dependance upon this Goverment 

Gentlemen A. 

There are veiy few places without some ill minded men 
that would be glad to see all things in Confusion and to that 
End would Create misunderstandings and prejudices in the 
Minds of her Majestyes Good subjects against her own Gov- 
ernment, I hope your unanimous and Chearfull obedience in 
the Queens service will disappoynt the 111 designes of such 
men who with a pretence of friendship to this Countiy are 
their worst Enemyes and whilst her most sacred Majesty is 
successfull and Victorious Every where, would have her 
defeated and Disappoynted here of the Just duty and service 
of her own people. 



Province of Maine November y^ 14*^ ( 1689 ) 
Received of M-" Edw'^ Toogood for the Vse of y-^ Maj*^ Sol- 
diers in s*^ province, ~ 

Imp" four quarters of beefe w'' four hundred & twenty- 
five '^« 

& to y^ dyating three soldiers Eight dayes. 
to one man more quartered three weeks ~ 
to pastering horses for y^ troopers so much as amounts 
to one hundred and sixty dayes and nights 
Dat : as aboue, p'' Jer : Swayne 

Coiiiand'" in cheife 
attest: Jam? Converse Cap*" 



In the House of Representatives. 
March 16*? 1T02. Resolved. - That the Suni of Five 
Pounds and eleven Shillings be Paid out of the Publick 



128 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Treasury to Edward Toogood of Portsmouth or his Order in 
full of the Ace* on the other side, and one Pound more for 
his attending his Excellency to Pemaquid the last Sumer 
Sent up for Concurrence 

Jam? Converse Speaker. 
In y'' hous of Represent^ June 3'^ 1703 : 
this ace* of Edw^ Twogoods was Read 
Ordered That the aboves* Resolve 
be Revivd 

Sent up for Concurrence 

Jam? Converse Speaker 
July ult. 1703 

In Council 
Read and agreed to. 

Is^ Addington Secry. 



f 



Petition of Abraham Preble in behalf of York. 

June the 9th, 1702. 
To the Hon^^® the Counsell and Representatives of her Maj- 
esty^ Prouance of the Massethuset Bay now setting in Boston 
in Generall Assembly 

The Humble Petition of Abraham Preble Representative 
for York Sheweth that Whereas the said town of York have 
of Late been under very Grate disadvantages by reason of 
the Loses sustained by the War : and families dispersed and 
Broken up : sum of which altho returned unto us are not 
Able to sustaine any publick charges : becase of the Charges 
and disbusements about their one settlement ; haveing much 
to doe and but Little to doe withall ; haveing also bin Lately 
att Considerable Exspencs ; In building for the Conveniency 
and accommodation of the Minestry : and in Maintaining a 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 129 

8C00I for the Instructtion of our youth ; which Wee Look 
upon as highly Needfull & beneficiall and are still Willing to 
Give all due Encorragment thereunto we Can : and haveing 
had Greate Reson to think Well and Worthely of What the 
Hon^^** Coret hath done for us in our Low Estate for the 
seporte of the minestry a mong us, Which we Most Gratefully 
Accept and acknowledg ; are therefore Incorraged herefrom 
to Sollicitt once More that your Hon^ will please to Give us 
help by Granting some further Encorragement this year unto 
the Revf m'^ Samuell Moody whome God hath hitherto Made 
a blessing unto us ; Hopeing that if God bless the land with 
peace : and this Hon""*^ Corte and assembly shall please to 
assist us this yeare we shall be able hereafter to Carry on 
and Support the Ministry among our selves : without being 
any further Chargable or trubelsum unto the Publick and not 
Douting of your Generous and Good Inclination to asist us 
in What you Can humbly submit and shall for Ever Pray 
for &c. 

Answer. 

In the House of Representatives. 

June 9th 1702. Read. June 10*? Read & In answer 
to the above Petition 

Resolved- That the sum of Ten Pounds be 
Allowed and Paid out of the publick Treasury 
for the support of the Ministiy in the Town of 
York above mentioned. 

Sent up for Concurrence. 

Jam! Converse Speaker 
June 10*.^ 1702. In Council. Read, con- 

curred with and consented to 

Natha. Byfield John Pynchon 

Is-^ Addington Secry. Ja Russell 

And"^ Belcher Elisha Cooke 



130 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Sam" Partridge Elisha Hutchinson 

Peter Sergeant 
Jonath" Corwin 
John Walley 
Joseph Lynde 
E™ Hutchinson 
Daniel Peirce 
Barnabas Lothrop 
John Appleton. 



In Council June 27*^ 1702. 

The Resolve pas't by the Board the 24th currant for 
appointing a Committee to joyne with a Committee of the 
Representatives to consider of that clause m his Excellencies 
Speech, As to the Erecting a Fortification at or near Pema- 
quid, being agreed to by the Representatives, and sent up 
with the names of their Committee. Viz* M^ Speaker, Cap- 
tain Brattle, IVP James Coffin, M^ John Gorham, and M"" 
John White. 

John Hathorne, John Phillips, Daniel Peirse and John 
Appleton EsqT? were named and appointed a Committee of 
the Board for the Affair aforesaid, - - John Hathorne Esq^ to 
be chairman and to appoint time and place for meeting. ~ 

Isi Addington Secry 



Report of the Committee concerning JPemaquid. 

Cambridg Octob'^ the 21th 1702. 

The Report of a Committee to Consider of that Clause in his 
Excellencies Speech As to the Erecting a fortification at or 
neer pemaquid, Apointed June the 27*? 1702. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 131 

Haveing Considered the present State of the Late fort at 
pemaquid, which was the last Session of the Generall Assem- 
bly recofnended to vs by the Gou^ by her Majesties Espetiall 
Command. Vpon which Wee attended his Excellency to 
the place. 

"Wee are Humbly of Opinion, that the Stones being already 
in place the Ground Already Trenched and the foundation 
probably Still Good, And Lime to be had neare & Easey, 
The Generall Assembly may in Obedience to her Majesties 
pleasure & direction therein. Agree and Order that there 
be a Surn of mony Granted to be payd in Two Yeares for the 
Raiseing of the Walls of Said ffort, And that her Majesty be 
Humbly addressed to put a Garison of one Hundreed men 
vnder proper officers to Secure the Same for the future, the 
Charge of itts Maintenance being so very Great, And the 
other frontiers of the prouince being so far Extended that 
puts the prouince to almost an Insupportable Charge in tyme 
of War with the french and Indians 

Jo° Gorham f John Hathorne 

Edward Brattle j Daniel Peirce 

— John : Appleton 

In Council 

Oct? 21^ 1702. 
Presented by John Hathorne Esq^ Chairman, 
Read : 

Is!i Addington Secfy. 
Octob' 23f 1702 : In the House of Representatives 
Read : 
Resolved a non Complyance y'' with. 

And that an Address and memorialls, 
by a Comittee of this house Joined 
w**^ a Committee of the board, be prepared, 
to lay before her Majestic what may be 



132 DOCUMENTABY HISTORY 

necessary referring to y® same 
Sent up for Concurrance 

Jam! Converse Speaker 

In Council 

NovemT 3"* 1702 read & not concurred w*'' 
Resolved that a conference be had w*^ the house of Repre- 
sentatives this afternoon upon their above written Resolve 

L Turfrey g order. 

In the House of Representatives 

Nov^ 3rd 1702. The Question being put whether a Con- 
ference be had upon the vote of this House on the other Side 
It Pass'd in the Negative 

Jam! Converse Speaker 

Nov^ 16'? 1702./. In Council 

Read and upon the Q? put to the Board ; 
Whither they accepted the Report of the 
Committee ? It pas't in the Affirmative. 

Is^ Addington Secfy 

In the House of Representatives 

Novem^ 18th 1702. 

Ordered That the House adhere to their Vote referring 
to Pemaquid, which was Pass'd and Sent up the 
10^^ instant. 

Jam^ Converse Speaker 

In Council. March W\ 1702. 
Read, and upon the Question put to the Council ; Whether 
they accepted the Report of the Committee ? It past in the 
affirmative. 

Is^ Addington Secry. - 



OF THE STATE OF MAESTE 133 

Governor's /Speech Oct. 1702 

" Gentlemen. 

Since I saw you last I have in Obedience to Her Majestys 
Commands visited all the ffrontiers to the Eastward as far as 
Peraaquid and had there the Opportunity of Conference, 
with the Sachems of those Parts, which has Occasioned the 
Qviet that we have hitherto had on that side, and saved you 
the Trouble of an earlier Meeting than at this time, which 
truly I was very apprehensive would not have been Pre- 
vented, and how long it shall last I have no Assurance, and 
therefore we ought to be in all Points ready. 

The last Session I communicated to you Her Majesty's 
Instructions referring to the Rebuilding of Pemaquid, which 
I must Still with all Earnestnesse Offer to you, and when It 
is Considered that all the Stones necessary are in place, the 
ffoundation yet good, and Lime to be had very near and easy, 
the Rebuilding cannot be thought to be halfe the Original 
Charge. Added to this I must Acqvaint you, that the Indians 
in their Treaty, and since Urge the Necessity of another 
Trading House beyond that at Casco Bay, and I Judge it as 
cecessary as They, if we Intend to hold them Depending, 
and that may as well be at Pemaquid, as any whare else and 
better, because the Harbour is good, and our Honour Depends 
upon our Asserting our own which are so unluckily lost. 
These Things added to Her Majestys Directions in the mat- 
ter I hope Will have their due Weight with every body, I 
hope the Gentlemen of the Councill & Assembly that there 
with me there, will when the Affair is before you Represent 
that matter as it is." 



134 DOCUMENT ABY HISTORY 

Crovernor^s Speech. 

" Gentlemen 

I am very glad I can Meet you at this your Anniversary 
Assembly in peace that neither the Coast nor our open fron- 
teir to the Continent have been troubled with the Enemies, 
I beleive our Early Care in sending that Litle force to the 
Eastward together with our Just and friendly dealing with 
the Indians has kept them at Quiet 

I Expected when I last parted from you I should have 
given you an Account of another Enter view I might have 
had with the Sachems of the Eastern parts which I Judge 
very Necessary but the Infraction made by our own people 
upon some of them in friendship w'^^ us at Penobscot delayed 
Mee untill I might have given them very full assurance that 
the Mischeif done upon them was without my knowledge 
which by the restitution of their goods, and the severe treat- 
ment of those 111 Men I believe by this time is done to their 
satisfaction and has now given Mee a propper time again to 
Demand their Attendance upon mee which all my officers in 
those parts urge may be presently upony many good reason 
I must also hasten because in a short time I Expect her Maj- 
estys fleet from Jamaica in their return home and I may not 
then be absent having her Majestyes Express Comands to 
provide for them, and if they shall be in a Capacity to do 
any thing to the Eastward upon the Enemy I hope we shall 
Chearfully Embrace the oportunity to Assist in the service 
it being so perticularly our own benefit. 

I must also acquaint you that by letters from his Excel- 
lency the Lord Viscount Cornbury I have the Advice that 
I may Expect a party of french and Indians presently upon 
Conecticut River and we Must be in a readiness for them 
which will put mee upon sending home the Members of that 
part Imediately " 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 135 

Return of the Comittee of the Council and representatives 
refering to the fort at Pemaquid, Oct. 27, 1702. 

Having Considered the Present State of the late Fort at 
Pemaquid, which was the last Session of the Generall Assem- 
bly Recommended to us, by the Governour by Her Majesty's 
Especiall Command, upon which we Attended His Excel- 
lency to the Place, We are humbly of Opinion that the stones 
being already in Place, the Ground already Trenched and 
the foundation probably still good, and Lime to be had near 
and easy, The General Assembly may in Obedience to Her 
Majesty's Pleasure and Direction, therein Agree and Order, 
that there be a summe of Money Granted to be Paid in Two 
Years for the Raising of the Walls of the said Fort, and That 
Her Majesty be humbly Addressed, to Put a Garrison of One 
Hundred Men under proper Officers to Secure the Same for 
the future, the charge of It's Maintenance being so very- 
great, and the other Frontiers of the Province being so far 
Extended that Put's the Province to almost an Unsupport- 
able Charge in Times of War, with the French & Indians. 

J Hawthorn 

in the name of the rest. ~ 

End : ) Return of the Comittee of Pemaquid 

Copy of a Rep^. from a Com^^^ of y^ 
Ass^ly of y^ MassacM^ ab\ Pemaquid. 
Dated 27H' OctK 1702. 

Referred to in Coll 

Dudley's Lre of lOH' Nov''. 1702. 



136 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Joseph Bane's Petition. 

Prouanc of the To His Exelancy Joseph 

Masethuset Bay Dudley Esq' Cap* Gener and 

in New england Gouenour in Cheefe and the 

Honnor^'® the Counsell and 
House of Representitives in 
General! Assembly. 

The Humble Petyon of Joseph Bane Ling** of her Maj- 
estys ffort Mary att Sacco : Shueth and sum of your 
Honnors I beleve Well know that your peticonour: 
of Late had his hand Broke into peeces : his thumb and 
three fingers shoot off by spliting of a Gun which was 
ffiered by ord"" of Cap* Turphry to Sett the Watch att s^ 
fforte which wound was Cured by Corn^^ Parker: for: 
w*^'^ Cure he Recaued of your Petic'^® the full Sum of 
Twenty Pounds Money Which Was allowed your Hum- 
ble Petic" by The Grate and Gener" Corte and Paid 
him out of the Prouanc Treshurey : for Which your 
Petic' is Humbly thankfull for and is herefrom humbly 
bould to Informe your Exel^^ and Honnors that your 
Petic°J hath bin fforced to pay to William Partridg Ju"" 
the full Sum of foure pounds ten shilings Money besids 
the twenty pounds Aboue Mentioned : for victtles and 
Lodging and attendanc in the time of My Lameness 
which I thought had bin all Sattisfyed before : but 
appeers otherwise : therefore Would Humbly pray Your 
Exal*^'' and Honnors to take my sad curcomstances into 
your serious Considderation : for I am but of Late 
Releaced from Eight years Captivety with y*" indains : 
and so sad an axsidant be fallen me in Respect of my 
hand: Would Humbly pray y* the foure pounds ten 
shilings A. Mentioned May be allowed and Paid me by 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 137 

the Publick as I was Imedat then in the service and as 
in duty Bound Shall Ever Pray - 

Joseph Bane 

York October y« IS^'^ 1702. 

Octo^ 29: 1702 In the House of Representatives. 
Read: 

And in answer to y* 
petition's prayer : 

Resolved that there be allowed and paid 
him out of y^ Province Treasury four 
pounds Ten Shillings for y^ Compleating 
of the payment of his Cure 

Sent up for Concurrance 

Jam* Converse Speaker. 
In Council Oct« 29^'^ 1702. 

Read and past a concurrance 
Is^ Addington Secry. 



In Council 

Nov' S-i 1702. 

The Council having read the return of the House of 
representatives refusing a Conference upon the return of the 
Committee for Pemaquid which the Council had directed. 

The Council do declare that their refusall of a Confer- 
ence with themselves upon that head or any other affayr 
refering to the Govement is a great Infrengment upon the 
rights and Intrest that the Council have in this Govement 
and desire that this their declaration be Entred accordingly 
and do insist upon the said Conference and desire the Gov- 
ernour to direct it accordingly. 

Voted in Council nemine contradicente. 
L T. p order 



13 8 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Order for a Conference about Pemaquid Fort^ Sent up from 
the Representatives. 

In the House of Representatives 
Novem' 4*'* 1702. 

Ordered That a Conference be Attended with the 
Hon'^^® Board on the Vote of this House Referring to Pema- 
quid fort either by both Houses, or by Comittees of both 
Houses as shall be agreed. That a Message be sent up 
accordingly by Cap^ Phipps & Cap* Bassett., 

Ja* Converse Speaker 



Message from the Representatives^ referring to Pemaquid 
Nov^ lOH' 1702. 

In the House of Representatives. 
Novem^ 10*^ 1702. 

Ordered That a Message be Sent up to the 
Honorable Board, That this House having Considered, and 
weighed, what was said in the Conference between both 
Houses, upon the Report of the Committee Appoin toted 
Consider of that Clause in his Excellency's Speech, as to the 
Erecting a ffortification at or near Pemaquid are still of the 
mind, that it is not proper in this Juncture of Time, to Pro- 
ceed on so weighty an Affair, as the building of Pemaquid 
fort, the present Circumstances of the Province being Con- 
sidered, and especially considering the late credible Advice 
that the Eastern Indians are Prevail'd upon by the french to 
become our Enemies, and a powerfull body of Indians, are 
upon their March against us. 

And That an Addresse and Memoriall, by a Committee 
of this House Joined with a Committee of the Board be Pre- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 139 

pared : to Lay before Her Majesty what may be necessary 

referring to the Same. 

Jam? Converse Speaks 

NovT 10'? 

Nov^ ll^h 1702. 

In Council 

Read 



Message from the Representatives about a Committee to prepare 

an Address and Memorial to Her Majesty^ 

Nov. 17, 1702. 

Novemr 17th, 1702. 

Ordered That a Message be sent up to the Honorable 
Board, That this House doth still Insist upon their 
Votes heretofore sent up, for a Committee of both 
Houses to be Appointed to Prepare an humble Addresse 
and Memoriall to Her Majesty and are Troubled that It 
hath been Delayed so long. 

Jam? Converse Speaker 
Read in Council, Nov^ 17*? 1702. 



Order for Committee to prepare an Address, ^c. about Pemaquid, 
^e. Nov. 1702. 

In the House of Representatives 
Novem^ 18*? 1702. 

Ordered That MT Thomas Oakes, 
M! Nehemiah Jevvett, Cap* Samuel Checkley, M^ Wil- 
liam Denison, and Maj^ Jeremiah Swain be a Commit- 
tee, to Join with a Comittee of the Board to Prepare, 



140 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and lay before this Court an humble Addresse and 
Memoriall to her Majesty, referring to the Erecting a 
fort at Pemaqvid and such other Things as They Shall 
Think proper at this time to be laid before her Majesty 
by this Court. 
Sent up for Concurrence., 

Jam? Converse Speaker. 

In Council. 

die predict. Read and Concurred w*'' and the Secretary, 
Nath^ Thomas & Nath^ Byfield EsqL^ appoint? a 
committee of the Board. 

Is^ Addington Secry 



Co-py of Major Hilton\s Journal. 

February 170V4 

Journal of the March and Proceedings with the 
Forces under my Command lately sent forth 
ag?* the Indian Enemy & Rebels/ 

We began our March from Newiche wanock and set 
forth from thence the Ninth of February instant, fol- 
lowing Your Excellency® Instructions as near as we 
possibly could./ viz^ 

Feb. 9*^^ We marched this day sixteen Miles, discovered 
nothing. Encamped. 
10^? Marched by breake of day, discovered two of the 
Enemy's Camps, Judged they might hold betwixt 
Forty or Fifty Indians, We travailed Twenty one 
miles this day and Encamped - 
IV^ Marched by breake of day, discovered two 

more of the Enemyes Camps, much of the same 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 141 

bigness with the former. We travailed about 
thirty Miles this day and Encamped./- 

12*? Marched very Earley, still upon the Enemies 

Track, and came to Saco River about eight in 
the morning Judged by the Pilots to have fal'n 
upon the River about Fifty Miles upwards, 
haveing before we came to the River travailed 
about Eighteen miles; where we found the 
greatest part of the Enemy had left the River to 
the Southward, we set out a Scout to discover 
further after them> - 

23th ^Y'e found they altered their course again, and 

came upon the Track of the Indians they left 
( when departed to the Southward ) that had kept 
the River and then Marched all to the Eastward ; 
We left the Eastern Track and made the best of 
our way to Pegwockit Fort, we travailed this 
day Twenty miles and Encamped. 

14'? Bad weather, did nothing but secure our Pro- 

visions and Armes. 

15*? Marched before day, met with several Old 

Tracks of the Enemy We travailed till Sun- 
set, judged about Twenty five miles, then 
Encamped. ~ 

16*'' Marched before day, and about Ten a clock in 

the forenoon our Pilots were discouraged, least 
they might not find Pegwockit, I then Encamped 
and drew forth One hundred choice Men, Order- 
ing every man a bisket, with a designe to march 
them directly up the River in order to find Peg- 
wockit Fort (leaving the resfc to guard all our 
Provisions Knapsacks &c.) We found Peg- 
wockit Fort about Sunset, so we returned again 
to our Encamped Men which we left behind, 



142 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

being eight miles back. Judged we travailed 
this day thirty two Miles. When we came to 
the Fort, we found it a large place of about an 
Acre of ground taken in with timber set in the 
ground in a circular form with Ports, and about 
one hundred wigwams therein ; but had been 
deserted about Six weekes as we judged by the 
opening their barnes where their Corn was lodged, 
and that they deserted it in hast upon some 
Alarm, because we found their Corn scattered 
about the mouthes of their barnes./ 
17*'^ Marched homewards upon the River Saco 

about thirty Miles, saw nothing remarkable. 
18*"^ Marched homewards about Eighteen Miles./ 

19*** Being very stormey could not travail 

20"^ Marched homewards about Twenty five Miles 

21** Marched about Twenty three Miles, and came 

to Saco Fort. 
22°'' Marched to Wells, being Twenty Miles- 

23'''' Marched to the Banke, being Twenty five Miles- 

All our men well in health thanks to Almighty 
God.~ 



May it Please your Excellency. - 

This is what Offers upon this Expedition and I hum- 
bly conceive that the winter time is the onely time ever to 
march against the Indian Enemy ~- both for their discovery 
and the health and least danger of our People ; And shall 
always be ready to serve Her Majesty under Yo^ Excell'^.y^ 
Commands, and for my Country's sake 
I am 

Your ExcellS.y^ humble servant 
Winthrop Hilton. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 143 

This March was made upon the snow a yard Deep every 
man in snow shoes with twenty dayes provisions upon small 
hand steeds carrying each four Mens provisions and of three 
hundred men in the Expedition no man returned sick. 

J Dudley 

End : ) Massachusets Bay 

Journal of Major Hilton'' s March against the 
Enemy Indians, From 9*'} Fehru : 170^ J 4 To 
the 23^ ditto/ 

referred to in Col: Dudleys Lre 
to y^ Secry : of 3'f March 
1703/4 



3 
Petition of John G-erman March 20, 170"^ 

To his Excellency Joseph Dudley Esq^ Capt? General and 
Gov' in cheif in and over her Maj^''^* Province of the Massa- 
chusets Bay to the Hon^^" Council and house of Representa- 
tives in Generall Court convened 

The humble Petition of Jn° German Chirurgeon 
Sheweth 

That on or about y® 12th day of August last past 
yoT Petition'' was commanded by his Excellency to 
repair on board her Maj*'®' Ship the Province Galley 
commanded by Cap* Cyprian Southack, on board of 
w'^'' Galley & at Casco Bay he hath ever since attended 
y® Service in Matters belonging to his Functions, at 
casco Bay on his first Arrival there he found nine 
persons Extreamly Main'd & Wounded whom by y^ 
blessing of God on his Endeavo''*, he perfectly cured, 
and haveing spent y® Cheif part of y" Season in which 
he should have prepared Matters for his home Prac- 



144 DOCUMENTABY HISTORY 

tise in y® service of y® Publick & did also lose y' 
benifit of sundry Patients vnder his care when first 
comanded to y® Eastward by his Ex^^^ and y® Pet^ is 
now again comanded to go in s"^ service who is always 
willing to obey his Ex*'''* comands and to serve the 
Publick. 
May it therefore please Yo"" Excellency & Honours To Take 
y® above petition into yo'^ due consideracon and give such 
speedy Orders as may be for the satisfaction of Yo' Peti- 
tioner for his past service & his further Incouragment and 
since he is again remanded into the service yo"^ Pef as in 
all duty bound will 

Ever Pray 
Boston the 20th day of March 1703/4 

J. German 

March 22<^ 1703/4 In Council 
Read and sent down 

In the House of Representatives 
March 23. 1703. 

In Answer to this Petition 
Resolved That the sum: of five Pounds be allowed, 
and Paid out of the publick Treasury to John German the 
Petitioner. 
Sent up for Concurrence 

Jam? Converse Speaker. 
March 23<^ In Council 

Read and concur'd 

Isi Addington Secry 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 145 

Boston Aug?* 5*1^ 1703. 
My Lords 

A - By a vessell from Topsham who came out the 
third of May, I have Account of the losse of all my Letters 
and Papers that went by Captain Thomas, who sailed lO**" 
Decern^ also what I sent by Captain Easly 1. february, and 
what I sent by way of Leerpoot April 2** were taken upon 
this Coast going off, which makes me perfectly behind hand 
in all my Addresses and Representations to your Lordships, 
Copys whereof I shall send by this, and the next Convey- 
ance — 

B — My last Letters were of the fifth of June by Cap- 
tain Terrisse which I hope are arrived, since which I have 
been Eastward along the Coast in the Province of Mayne, 
and at Casco Bay met all the Sachims of Penobscott, and 
the three Tribes under Moxus, and Adiawando, and with a 
great deal of attendance which their Sullen Temper Demands, 
and Cost of Presents, and Expences upon them, to the value 
of four or five Hundred Pounds, Concluded a better friendship 
with them than at any other meeting, their Friars not daring 
to be seen, for fear I should have seized them, left them in a 
better, and more treatable — Temper, and since that they 
^^ have advised me by Messengers of the March of Two Hun- 
dred french Indians, and about Thirty french men from 
Quebeck which has occasioned me to send out Two Hundred 
men of the best of our Quarter Part of the Militia, who have 
been ten months Detached by virtue of an Act of the Assem- 
bly, who are in four Companies upon the frontiers at Twenty 
Miles Distance from each other, and Interchange Ground 
every two Dales, that the Enemy may not come within them, 
and it is now the time of their Plenty of venison, and green 
corn, which will last them two months during which time we 
must be carefull of them to Prevent what is possible, 
tho a Security upon our frontier of Two Hundred Miles, 



10 



146 DOCUMENTARY HISTOKY 

is not to be made with the force this Province is able to 
support. 

In my Return from the Eastward I held the Generall 
Assembly of the Province of New Hampshire, who have very 
cheerfully Continued the Duties upon Timber and Boards 
Exported, and have Enforced it with good clauses, for the 
Collection thereof, which I hope will be acceptable to Her 
Majesty, It being the only Method that they have here, for 
the Support of the Government and their Defence, though it 
is very grievous to the Massachusetts Province and of wliich 
they complain, but I am humbly of opinion without cause, 
every Province being the proper Judges, of the best Method 
for their own Support. 

The said Act and Minutes of Councill are Enclosed in 

E. . 

^' this Packet, and further I then Obeyed your Lordships, in 

Hearing the Suspension of M^ George Jeffrys, and 
Acquainted the Lieutenant Governour Partridge of his 
Neglect, in not offering your Lordships the reasons and 
Account thereof. The whole Proceeding in Councill is in 
the Minutes, M'' Jeffrys answer, and M' Partridge's Rejoyn- 
der, and are humbly submitted to your Lordships. 
Judgment and Direction therein, I am humbly of opinion 

F. that ML Jeffrys was very faulty, in that Oath mentioned in 
the Record, th6 a great time is Elapsed, and it might have 
been forgotten, And I also think that he is very faulty in 
Labouring to Defend the Cotton Wool and to represent the 
Acts of Parliament hard upon the Plantations to Disorder 
the Inhabitants here, which ought by all means to be steadied 
especially by Gentlemen of the Councill, and this he Palliates 
in his Answer altogether. I shall do as your Lordships shall 
command, but I doubt if he be Restored the Lieuten* Gov- 
ernour and lie will very difficultly serve Her Majesty 
together, and I think there is no Comparison between their 
Powers, and Inclinations for the service, ML Partridge 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 147 

having been very sincere & Industrious to my Observation in 
every thing that Imports Her Majesty's Service since my 
Arrivall however it was before I have no Persons to offer to 
your Lordships according to my Instructions, for the supply 
of the Councill but Richard Waldron and Major Joseph 
Smith, whom I humbly offer in the room, of M"^ Fryer, and 
M^ Wier who are superannuated. 

O. The Assembly of this Province was Adjourned during 

my Absence at the Eastward, and at my Return Sat again 
and were Prorogued two daies since to Michaelmasse their 
usuall time. 

H. They have Granted to Her Majesty a Tax of Eleven 

Thousand five Hundred Pounds, the last year's Excise, And 
a little addition to the Impost, for the Payment of their 
Debts to the Castle, to Forces, and Garrisons, and Ships 
taken up at severall times for the Service, but will neither 
settle any Salarys for the Governour or others of the Civill 
List, here, so as to Support either the Governour Lieutenant 
Governour, Secretary Judges or other Officers, which will 
Discourage the best men in this Province from sustaining 
Offices here. I humbly thank your Lordships favourable 
Intention to offer that matter of a Salary to Her Majesty's 
gracious Consideration, and am of Opinion if Her Majesty's 
Commands were given therein, It would take away a great 
deal of Inconvenience that the Governour here will labour 
under till it be Determined, here are but few Persons fit to 
sustain the office of Judges, and I can hardly keep them that 
are upon the Bench, for want of a Support, if it were but an 
Hundred and fifty Pounds, for the Chief Justice, & an 
Hundred for the other four, it would be acceptable to them, 
they have at present but fifty Pounds each. 

The Representatives have shewed their Ill=Inclination 
in the Article of the Assistance of New York, after severall 
conferences they have absolutely refused to give their usuall 



M 



148 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

vote, which they have done annually these fifteen years, that 
the Governour with the advice of the Councill, in the absence 
of the Generall Assembly should send forces thither, there 
may be at some time reason why such a thing should not be 
done, when the Hazard here is greater than there, but the 
Governour and Councill ought alwaies to be Judges of that 
Necessity, but nothing that could be offered would Prevaile 
with them, and truly My Lords, So it is that the best men 
in the severall Parts are left out of the Councill, and the 
meanest men in the Towns are sent to Represent them, who 
will take care by their Obstinacy to Recommend themselves 
to the People that they may be Electors of the Councill at 
the Season of it, which cannot be avoided till Her Majesty 
Name Her own Councill here as else where however I shall 
do my duty to My Lord Ornbury in obedience to her Majesty 
as I ought. 

INIy Lords there is no ship of Her Majesty's here but 
the Gosport, who is also Commanded hence, and must have 
been gone long since but that the order came by way of 
Jamaica, & Arrived here but Thirty dales smce, when the 
friggot was absent upon A Cruise, and is but returned a few 
dales, and now has not men sufficient to bring her home 
untill our ships from Europe shall Arrive, And then the 
Province will be absolutely without any Security, either of 
the Trade, or against an Enemy./ 

The Castle of this place is not yet finished, though we 
have fifty men every day upon the work, which has Retarded 
Colonel Romer the Engineer going to Pascataqua to begin 
that work, where there is 600^' ready to begin with, the Act 
for it is lost with ray other papers./ 

I Humbly Acknowledge the Receipt of your Lord- 

• ship's letters of the Twenty first of January, her Majesty's 

Allowance of the Two Hundred, and fifty Pounds, at New 

Hampshire, and Pray the same favour, for the Five Hundred 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 149 

Pounds offered Me by the Massachusetts Assembly, which is 
lesse than ever they gave before, and having no Salary here 
I have spent it twice, in a Table, Servants, and Horses here, 
and am also in Advance as much as it amounts to for the fit- 
ting out the two Companies sent to Jamaica, which I hope 
my Lord Nottingham will obtain that I may be paid, having 
humbly written to him therein ; since which I have had no 
Commands. 

I am with all Sincerity 
My Lords 

Your Lordships 
most obedient & faithfull Servant/ 
J Dudley 

In the shipps at first mentioned 
I have lost all the Acts of Assembly 
of Pescataq and Minutes of Council/ 
The Copy of the 550^ Act your Lordships 
coinaded me so perticularly to send 
which I have again ordered to be drawn 
out and the New Act of 5001 for the repayre of the Castle./ 
10. August. Yesterday I had the Honnor of your Lord- 
ships, letters by way of York of the twentyeth of April with 
her Majestyes Comands for both the provinces of which I 
humbly acknowledge the receipt and shall take care to do 
my duty in the severall Articles, and shall Instantly acquaint 
the Surveyor that there is no Relaxation in the Measure of 
Timber and pray your Lordships to beleive there has been 
none yet tho Desired by the people./ 

End : ) New England 

Jjire from CoV'. Dudley to the Board. 
Dated at Boston. S*i' Aug'! 1703. J 

Rec^ 20^'} Nov\ ) 1703 
Read 7H' Janv \ 1703/^ 



^ These belong to Casco fort. 



150 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

List 

A List of the Wounded persons who ware under the care 
of John German Chyrurgeon in Casco Fort 
Major John March 
Nico?. Tucker 
W" Winthworth 
Joseph Garich 
Rose Thomas 
W"? Webs wife 
Abigail Viny Widow 
Jabest Sweet 
Serj^ Taylor belongs to Cap^ Pearce^ Comp?i 

These are to Certifie, whom it may concerne, that John 
German Chyrurg:, who was comanded by his Excell'^.y in the 
Galley to Casco fort, did very faithfully and diligently attend 
his OfBce there, in his applications to sundry mamed and 
wounded p^'sons as by the List above appears, who ware all 
cured. And in my humble opinion deserves good Encour- 
agment for his Service. 
Dated in Casco fort Sept^J 10: 1703 

p'' John March Captn. 



Abstract of a Lre : from Colonel Dudley to the Board. Dated 
the 15^'} September 1703. 

A. his last was of the 5*? of August - 5 of his 

packets lost. 

B Since his Treaty with the Eastern Indians & a 

present he made them of 300^^ he made them, They in 
conjunction with some French &c have fallen upon the 
English & have killed & carryed away 100 Persons 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 151 

They had like to have taken Casco Bay, But the Prov- 
ince Gaily with 70 Men came Seasonably to their relief. 

Vpon this he has raised 1000 Men - his 

Disposition of them - These Men, with the Sloops to 
Attend them, will Cost the Province 3000" p^ Month 
- which the Assembly have undertaken to provide & 
have Granted 11500" for their Subsistance - he hopes 
for little, but distroying the Indians Houses and Corn - 
Colonel Romer gone to reform Casco Fort - he has Com- 
municated to y^ Assembly the Queens Life: about his 
Salary. 



Boston 15*.^ Septem^ 1703. 
My Lords coppy 

A. My Last Addresses to Your Lordships were of the 
5*? August last by A vessel to Whitehaven, Blore Master, 
this I hope may arrive after so many Letters that I have Lost, 
five packets successively, from January to April, I am already 
advised of, which I am forst to Adventure by Merchant Ships 
here being no Opportunity by Any of her Ma'y^ Ships return- 
ing hence, 

B. I have now humbly to Acquaint Your Lordships that since 
My treaty in July with the Sachems of the Eastern parts, 
and all the Obligacons taken from them of their Obediance 
to her Ma^y & presents to the value of 3001 A small party 
of about 30 french men with only three OiScers & two preist's 
from Port Royal with about 200 Cape Sable Indians, of wliome 
I formerly wrote to your Lordships came round the bay of 
Fundee and have debauched all the Eastern Coast from S'. 
Croix to the Province of Main, and with the greatest profidy 
and secrecy scatter'd themselves to the Length of 100 Miles 



152 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and came with all possible Friendship to the poor scattering 
houses distant from our Forts, and all at once upon the 
10*^? August fell upon the poor people, where themselves 
Lodged over Night, and killed & carryed away about 100 
Men Women & Children, two dayes after they set upon the 
Forts at Casco bay, Saco & Wells, which are at Twenty 
Miles distant each on the Province of Mayn, where I had 
Lodged three foot Companyes, who received them so readily 
that we Lost nothing there, Scarce a man at each garrison, 
and at Casco bay which is the furthest, 200 Miles from Bos- 
ton, the french Men began a Trench and in three dayes wase 
got within A pikes Length of their workes when her Ma*^^ 
Province Galley with Seventy men arrived from Boston and 
killed forty of them, obliged them to burne all their plunder 
to Leave their dead behinde them, and March away, since 
which for about 30 dayes, I hear of them in small partyes 5 
or 10 stealing & killing Cattle Like the Rapparees of Ireland 
in several parts of the Province. - 

this Breach has obliged me to raise a thousand men, 
^' whereof 850 are for the Land and 150 for the Coasters, and 
600 of them will be upon there March in 14 dayes from 
Casco for the head quart''^ of the Indians who are in there 
forts at 150 Miles distance from the Sea, & 20 Miles from 
each other, where we may possible Destroy their Corn & 
houses, but no Likelihood of seeing them, who will have 
their Scouts out, & March Off as we Approach them, and 
only wayt an Opportunity, A whole fortnights March which 
we must be obliged to, to obtaine An Advantage, in the 
hedious desart, to fire now & then upon us, however the 
Experiance of the best men, that have at any time been here, 
can advise to no better method then by Constant Marches, 
Especialy in the winter to dislodge & starve them, and these 
men & about 10 Sloops necessary to attend them, will put 
the province According to the present Establishment, to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 153 

three thousand pounds A month, which has obliged me After 
I had raysed & Marched the Troopes to the several parts, to 
hold the Assembly, to Acquaint them with the Necessity of 
taking care to provide for this groing charge, who have very 
Dutifully thankt me, for the care of the peace of her Ma*^* 
Subjects so long — And of the war so early, and have 
chearfuUy undertaken the charge and granted 11500" to be 
raised that the Subsistance may not fail, and I hope in A 
winters Session about Christmas will further do their duty, 
and I think necessary to have the head quarter at Cascos, 
and have therefore sent Colonel Romer thither to reforme 
that fort, to make it fitt to Lodge 500 men, I did also 
Comunicate to this Assembly who sat the first of this Instant, 
her Ma^y* gratious Letters and Coiiiands refering to A stand- 
ing setled Sallary for the governour &c. which they have 
prayed they may give Answer to, when the Assembly is more 
full at their Ordinary time of Sessions in the winter. 

The french and Indians have in this Occasion shewed 
a great deal of Cowardise & Cruelty, have not killed one 
man under his Arms, but by surprise, have scarcely saved 
any women or children but slayn many three dayes After 
they were prisoners and the Fryers make it all religion, and 
say mass over Every thing publickly in the Camp Night & 
Morning,- while this was doing Brovillan the governour of 
port Royal sent to me for the Exchange of 10 prisoners & 
Frindly sent me three of mine, and A french Gent™ to Offer 
the Exchange which I Accepted & sent home his ten men, 
and the french Officer protested that his Governour knew 
nothing of this March of the Indians which since by some of 
our prisoners we are assured was most falce, 
E. In this Necessity and great charge, I have written in 

the most pressing manner, to the Governours of Rhoad Island 
& Conecticot for the Advance of but 150 Men between them, 
but can obtayn nothing, notwithstanding this province do's 



D 



154 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

F. wholly Cover & Secure them from danger, And I should be 
wanting in my duty if I should not Acquaint your Lord- 
ships by every opportunity how the service is ruined by the 
Government of Rhoad Island, two of the privateers fitted 
out by the Merchants of this Town with ships, provisions 
and Armes, brought in A Spanish prise, worth 5000\ coming 
up from the Southward were Obliged to touch at Rhoad 
Island, the men were presently debauched and the Governm* 
countenancing of them refused to Leave the place or to Suf- 
fer their prize to Come to Boston & there they Embessel'd 
the one halfe of the Goods & Cranston the Governour 
refused the Collector & the receiver on behalf of his Royal 
highness, to have anything to do, and all the Letters and 
messages, that I could possible write & sende, Could get no 
answer from them to any thing, since which the saylors from 
hence run away by Scores and there are hidden & secured, 
& Last of all our Imprest Men for the Land service, in all 
the parts next them run away to the Island. & nothing 
returns from thence, so that of Six privateers, that did so 
much service Last Year, I am reduced to one, and when they 
are in the Sea, I expect Rhoad Island will be their port also, 
all which would be remedid in one hour, if her Ma*^^ pleases, 

Q I humbly Acknowledge the receipt of your Lordships 

Letters of the 20'*^ & 29''^ April, and in Answer to the per- 
ticulers, have given strict charge to the Judges of both the 
provinses, that they do proceed in All causes with exact 
Justice, and without any delay and have had no perticuler 
Complaint of any thmg of that sort, since my being here, I 
must also Inform your Lordship's that there are no courts in 
this province wherein the Governour has any Share or power, 
but there are Judges on every bench. ~ tho I am humbly of 
Opinion this province will not be well until a Chancery 
Court, be Establish't, wherein the Governour will properly 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 155 

preside In the Comand refering to a Court for small causes, 
It is already a law here, and Long practised that every Jus- 
tice of the peace has Cognisance of, a trespass, a Debt of 
Forty shillings without A Jury sumarily To determin ( And 
in every County an Inferiour Court for any other Sum^ ) from 
whence there Lyes an Appeal to the Superior Court & these 
Laws were allowed by his Late Ma'^ and on file in your 
Lordships Ojffice. 

H. In the Last perticular of that Letter, I have comanded 

the Clerks of every County Court, Superior Court, & the 
Admiralty Court at the ende of every Session to Transmit 
into the Secretarys Office an Abstract of all Causes & mat- 
ters depending with the names of the plantifs, defandant, 
sum^ sued for, Judgem* , Appeal, which I shall from time to 
time Humbly lay before your Lordships / With your Lord^^ 
Letter of the 29*'' of April I have a Coppy of your Lordships 
representation to her Ma^^^ of the present State of the Prov- 
ince of the Massachusetts, for which I humbly thank j^our 
Lordships, and it is every day now Apparent that nothing 
will proceed well here, till her Ma*y will please to name her 
owne Councill, the best men in the province can have no 
share in the Civil Governm* till then./ 

l^ her Ma*y having appointed M^ Usher- Instead of M! 

Partridge Lieu! Governour of New Hampshire is very 
Acceptable to me and I shall hope for his good service there 
upon his arrival. In the affair of the dimentions of Timber, 
notwithstanding their Offer, there was never any relaxation 
made to the people for y" cutting of Larger Timber then in 
the first orders from y** Crown, in King Charles y" 2*:* time 
and so that matter rest's as it did, and shall be diligently 
performed by plaisted who is very carefull, I liave sent her 
Ma^y* gratious Letter to New Hampsliier refering to sal- 
aryes - & shall follow it about Ten dayes hence, when the 

j^ Assembly shall sit, but can expect Little from that very small 



156 DOCtJMENTAEY HISTORY 

province, M^ Usher Not being arrived, I have not yet 
received her Ma*? Commands, relating to M^ Aliens Title, 
but shall strictly & carefully observe and persue them ~ " 
when I shall receive the . . In the courts of New hampshire 
for their Impartial & speedy proceedings And for an account 
of Causes, I have given the same Command as in this province 
& they shall be duely Obeyed, 

ji^^ I Humbly thank your Lordships for the hopes I have 

of Stores for both these provinces & of Ships of War. I have 
none here At this time but the Gosport, which since the 
death of Cap^ Crofts is Commanded by his Lieu^ Cap* 
Smith who is very carefull here, and at this time has put 
Forty Men with an Officer on board a Sloop to Cruise on the 
Shoales After a french shallop that is Looking for provisions 
for Port Royal who are almost starved, having yet no Sup- 
plyes from France, and if I might be honour'd with the Call 
of 3 or four of her Ma*^* Ships, T'wol'd certainly fall into 
our hands. 

p_ The province of Mayn and the parts beyond Kenebeck 

River, Pemaquid & as far as S* Croix would make better 
Settlem*^ then any in this province if a Scotch Collony might 
be Setled there, the Fishing and Lumber, and masting being 
more plenty and easy then in any part of America, And I'm 
Humbly of Opinion that they will not be settled without 
some such new Collony the English in these parts having 
already grasp'd more then they can plant or defend. 

There shall be nothing wanting to the utmost expence 
to save the Frontiers here from depredations but a very few 
of them passing easily over our waters - and hedious swamp 
will distress us long, having all supplyes from Quebeck & 
port Royal, 

I have directed Colonel Romer at his return from 

^' Casco to meet me at Piscataqua to proceed in the reforming 
of that Fortification where they have raised 50-0^ and I shall 



OF THE STATE OF MAES^E 16T 

proceed as Fast in it as the Troubles there will allow they 
being every day alarm'd and disturbed if but 2 or three 
Indians appear./ 

this is the third time the Act for 550' raysed in New 
Hampshire which your Lordships so pticularly sent for has 
been covered to your LordE! with minute of Councill and 
Large Accounts/ 

I am my Lords 

Your Lordships most faithfull 
Humble servant 
J Dudley 

End : ) Massachusetts : 

Lre from Coll Dudley to the Board. 
Bated 15'" Septr 1703. J 



New-Castle in New-Hampsh! -Sept^ 18^*^ 1703. 
May it Please Yo": Ex°y/ 

In Pursuance to Yo^ Ex'^.^^ orders dated 26'? of August 
last past I departed y® 29*? of s^ ~ moneth for Cascoa, taking 
my Journey first for Marvelhead, where I set such worke as 
their abillity for ten guns would allow from thence I went to 
Salem where I expected to have found the Sloop w"?' Yo^ 
Ex^.y appointed for my transportation to Cascoa but she behig 
dispatched by CoH. Hawthorne & sailed thence the morning 
of the same day on which I arrived Ab* the evening I 
therefore hired an open wood boat & made all dispatch I 
could for Cascoa where I arrived the first of this instant in 



158 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

Evening & the next clay I went on shore to sett out such 
workes as I deemed most propper for the security & defence 
of that place & for the reception of four or five hundred men 
as Yo^ Ex9y ordered I remained at Cascoa until the eleventh 
instant, by w*'? time I had brouglit the worke into a very 
good forwardnesse, so as they could easily be perfected in 
ten or twelve dayes, on the eleventh instant, I embarked on 
board y" Province Galley Cap* Southwack Com*^J for New- 
Hampsh'' where I arrived on Sunday 12'^ instant. / Being 
here arrived according to Yo^ Ex'^.y order & direccon, I 
waited upon y^ Hono^^ Lief! Gov^ the Captain of the Fort, 
& others of the chief Gentlemen of the province, & comuni- 
cated to them what I thought necessary to be done for 
Repairmg & securing her Ma*!®^ fort &c. they all tell me, 
they are readie & willing to do their utmost for her Ma*!®^ 
service, & their owne security, but that of late yeares they 
have been so impoverish'd by taxes & publick Contributions 
that by reason thereof they are capable to do very little at 
present they also tell me that y® five hundred pounds granted 
by the Assembly for repair of the Fort by reason of the low 
price of provisions in which specie the sad tax is chiefly paid, 
will fall much short I have According to Yo"" Ex^P order 
carefully viewed her Ma,^]^^ Fort at New Castle & find it of 
little service as it is I have therefore given such directions 
for the present defence & security of lier Ma*?^^ s^ Fort & 
Province as I conceive most propper & suitable to the cir- 
cumstances of y® Place which if observed may be of Service 
in case of any sudden surprizall or assault And I hope her 
Ma*!® on the Application hath been made will be graciously 
pleased at her own charge to order such assistance & supply 
whereby this Province may be enabled to build & erect such 
Regular fortifications as may be effectuall to the ends pro- 
posed No place I have seen in my Travails being naturally 
better scituated & more suitable for defence. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 169 

I have also According to Yo^ Ex'^.y^ order viewed the 
Passage called New Castle Ferrey, where, in fornie yeares 
hath been a Bridge som part of which is still remaining, 
^ych gd Bridge I am told was built at y** charge of y" Prov- 
ince and thouglit by the Goverm* then very necessary for a 
Passage to her Ma*!^^ Fort that so y" Inhabitants of the other 
Towns of y® Province might in case of any sudden assault 
have the Conveniencie to come in w^'' their assistance w*^? s^ 
Bridge is now much decaied & almost ruined thro want of 
seasonable & suitable repaire so that her Ma*!®^ Sul^jects who 
have occasion & would passe & return over s'} Bridge by 
themselves or with their horses & carriages as formerly now 
cannot which is detrimental to her Ma*!®* Service especially 
now in time of Warre because the Correspondencie is wholly 
cutt off thereby between the Meine & her Ma*!®* fortifications 
at New Castle and is to the common hurt & damage not 
onely of all y^ Inhabitants of s*? Town of New Castle but of 
all y^ Neighbouring Towns & of Travailers ~ it being a 
shorter & nearer way by four or five miles & also a much 
safer way to y® Eastward Parts & when s? Bridge was in 
repaire I am informed was the chief & Most usual Roade I 
further represent unto Yo^ Ex®y if s^} Bridge be repaired & 
rebuilded it will be of speciall service unto her MaM® as it 
will be a meanes to prevent & obstruct any illegal trade 
which hath been or may be practised against the lawes cus- 
toms & Acts of trade & Navigation/ these things as last 
mentioned I have formerly ( a bout four yeares since in the 
late Earl of Bellomonts time of goverment) made report 
thereof so now witli what at present is offered as in duty 
bound I humbly represent & submit the same unto yo' 
Ex°7* Consideration for her Ma*!®* Service 
Yo^ Ex'^.y* most Immble Serv* 
Wolfrang W"? Romer. 



160 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Eyid : ) New Hampshire 

Copy of Co^ Romers Mem^!; to the Grov^. 
of the Massachusets Bay in relation to 
Forts ~ 

Refered to in MT Sheals Lre 

of 28^1' FeVU 170\ / 



Rec'^ 29H' April J 
Read 93*^ May | 1*^04 



0=10/ 



Certificate of Capt. Simon Willard. 

Black point OctobL 4th 1703 

This signifies that We have taken on board the sloop 

Crownation M"" Benja Gold master a thousand & twenty nine 

pound of pork which M"^ Jerimiah Jordan owned and weighed 

to us by y® govern's ord'' to deliver at y^ store at Great Hand. 

Simon Willard Cap' 



Boston October 27*? 1703./ 
A My Lords 

My Last Addresses were g Cap* Steel 15*? Septem^ Coppy 
whereof I have again Liclosed by this Conveyance and have 
now only to Acquaint Your Lordships that ^' One of the 
Mast Ships is arrived & all our Merchant Men in Compf , & 
^' notwithstandmg the mischeifs the Indians have done me, 
I have alwayes had a Watch & Gaurds upon the Masts, in 
the Woods, & in the pool and they are all ready to ship, -'-'• 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 161 

M! Usher is now in New Hampshier in the Service, & I have 
her Ma*?* commands refering to Mr. Allins Affaires, which I 
shall carefully and strictly obey I have Generally about five 
hundred men, marching in two partyes in the Woods, but 
have yet had no advantage against the Enemy, they being 
Capable to remove in an hour, so as to demand a twelve 
hours march after them, Colonel Romer is returned from 
Casco bay, Where he has raysed A good pallasado worke, of 
about an Acre of ground with Bastians fit for 600 men, 
where I shall Lodge the forces for A winters march beyond 
pemaquid, to Norigwalk, where the Sachems and Fryers 
reside, which must be done about Christmas, I am in great 
want of small Armes, those that we have have been so often 
repared, & are of so many sorts, they . . . are of Little Ser- 
vice, & as the people grow more, the Armes grow fewer / 

The General Assembly of this province. Set down 
to morrow when I shall comunicate to them her Ma*^* Gra- 
tious Letters refering to pemaquid, and the maintenance of 
the Govemm^ and shall give your Lordships Account of 
their proceedings. 

I have no great Opinion of this Conveyance being 
small & without Convoy, & therefore shall not further 
Trouble your Lordsliips./ 

I am 
My Lords 

Yo^ Lordships 
most Faithfull Hum. Serv^ 
J Dudley. C 

End : ) Massaeh*^ 

Lrefrom Coll Dudley to the Board/ 
Dated the ^7«^ Oct: 1703. J 

N. 23/ 
11 



162 DOCUMENTABY HISTORY 

G-overnor's Speech Oct. 27. 1703 

" Gentlemen 

Since I last saw you I have Visited the frontiers and 
put thera in the best posture I could, and have now about 
four hundred men upon a second March into the Woods to 
find the Enemys Quarters and to see what can be done upon 
them. 

Agreeable to your Desire and advice the Last session, and 
have had the Galley and two Sloops well fitted Cruising upon 
the Eastern Coast to prevent any french Trade with the 
Enemy. 

I shall now draw the forces into quarters to recruit after 
their weary marches till the snow be well setled for a Win- 
ters March to the other forts which can at no other time 
be come at by us and trust in the good providence of almighty 
God, that he will give us advantage against so perfidious an 
Enemy." 



To his Excellency Joseph Dudley 
Cap' Generall And Gouerner in 
Chief in and Over her Maj*^* 
prouince in the Massachusetts 
bay in New England In America, 
& to the Honnourable Council 
and Assembly. 
I Humbly Represent to yo' Excellency and Honnours : ~ to 
peruse this my poor humble petition vnder written. 
Honnored S^ I am Imboldened by your good Nature And 
many singuller Uertues ; Especsually that of yol Neuer fail- 
ing compastion to the Distressed ; : I haue Made it my hum- 
ble petition at this time to your Excellency Beging and 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 163 

Intreating that you would be pleas'd to Augment something 
to my monthly weages ; it being but Thirty six shillings pT 
Month ; which is veiy Little ~ 

Considering the trouble that I meet with all, being Expos'd 
sometimes & to weary and teadius Journeys in the woods : 
viz : - formerly to speak with the Indeans to come to your 
Excellency In order for peace : & since that two weary and 
teadius Journeys In the Army ; allthough the first wase to 
No purpose ; : yet if it may please your Excellency I us'd 
the utmost of my Indeauer And in the second I wase for- 
warde and Instrumental! in Discouering takeing and Destroy- 
ing as many Indeans as I could, and still would be if your 
Excellency will Imploy mee ; also I would Desier & Intreat 
your Excellency to Consider my Lameness In my hand which 
by the prouidence of God I gott in the Country Seruis at 
Saucor fortt ; Now Honnoured S"" my Humble petition is ; 
that you would be pleas'd to Consider hear off ; and to helpe 
me hear inn ; which is all att present I Humbly Begg Leiue 
to subscribe my selfe your most Humble Pettitioner and 
Duttyfull Seruant Att your Command in all things ~ 

Joseph Bean 

In Council Nov^ 8'? 1703. 
Read and sent down. 
In the House of Representatives 
Novemb^ 8*? 1703. Read. 

In the House of Representatives. 
November IV^ 1703 

In Answer to the Petition on the other side 
Resolved That the sum of Ten Pounds be allowed 
and Paid out of the Publick Treasury to Joseph 
Beane the Petitioner as Smart Mone}, & the Sum 
of Three Pounds gannum as a Stipend, and that he 



164 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

be Exempted from being Rated for his Poll in the 
Province Tax during his Naturall life. 
Sent up for Concurrence 

Jam* Converse Speaker — 

In Council 
Nov'^16*'^1703: 

Read and concurr'd with 

Is^ Addington Secfy. 



Petition of John March Nov. 10, 1703. 

To His Excellency Joseph Dudley Esq^ Captain 
Generall and Commander in chief of her Majestys 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay, and The Honor- 
able the Councill, and Representatives in Generall 
Court Assembled. 
The Petition of John March 
Humbly Sheweth 

That Your Petitioner, in the Time of the late Peace 
with the Indians, was Constituted the Commander of 
Her Majestys Fort at Casco=Bay, and Manager of the 
Trade for the Publick with the Indians there, and in 
Order to attend that service forsook his own Habitation 
in Newbury and Removed his ffamily. Stock of Cattle 
and other Estate to the said ffort, by which, means, upon 
the perfidious Breach lately made by that barbarous Peo- 
ple, Your Petitioner was in utmost Hazard of Losing 
his life, and by a wonderfull Preservation Escaped the 
bloody hands of those Infidels, and did actually Lose a 
very Considerable Part of his Estate, to the value of 
more than five Hundred Pounds, as is set forth in an 
account thereof herewith Presented, which had not been 



OF THE STATE OF MATNE 165 

SO Exposed, if your Petitioner had not Removed into 

the way of that Danger to serve the Publick in the said 

Post. 

Your Petitioner therefore humbly Pray's Your 
Excellency and Honours, to Take the Premisses into 
Your Consideration and Grant Your Petitioner such 
Compensation & Allowance as in Your Wisdom shall 
be Thought meet for one who has Sustain'd, So great 
a losse by means of his being Imploied in a publick 
service and Your Petitioner will be further obliged to 
your Service, and ever to Pray as in Duty bound 
&c^ 

John March 

Boston Novem' 10^^ 1703. 

In the House of Representatives 
Nov^ 11th 1703. Read 
Nov^ 19, Read a 2*^ time. 



An Account of what I lost by the Indians and french Agust 
the 10*^ and sine that Time: 1703 

To Eaight oxen which wold fetched me 'i ii a (i 

,, ( 036-00-00 
more then / 

to 2 sters which I Coold have had ) 

for them- 007-00-00 

to 14 Cows very large : of 3 - 10 - Each 049 - 00 - 00 

11 

to 5 3 yere ould heaifers of 2 - 15 - Each 013 - 15 - 00 

to 2 two yere ould heaifers at 45* Each 004 - 10 - 00 

to 10 of best Calfs that Ever I saw 010 - 00 - 00 

to one large booll 003 - 00 - 00 



166 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

to 36 swine woold haue fetched \ 

me more then- 040-00-00 

to 25 shepe at 7« Each 008-15-00 

to 5 Akers and A half of very good ^ 

whete [ 016-10-00 

to 6 Akers of As good pese as ever ) 

I saw 024-00-00 

to 2 Acers And halfe of As (Choyc ^ 

mesling) as A man woold desire Y OUT - UU - UU 

to at lest 5 bushells of ots 003 - 06 - 00 

to 4 acors and A half of Indion Corn 012 - 00 - 

to my Sloope And furnyture in the ^ 

publick service r 



120-00-00 



to sum of my Choycest of my ) 

goods in her 020-00-00 

to debts : that I have trusted \ 

tlie inhabytants that was | ^46 - 00 - 00 

kild and destroyd 
to lining and other Cloathing \ 

of mine that was in our | 012 - 00 - 00 

neighbors houses 
and by the uessell that I Am \ 

now Abuilding ; that is in timber | ^^^ - 00 - 00 

plank and those things for her 
for chains and yokes and for 1 

takling for my teme and 005-00-00 

for other tools 
for a large Cono which I bought ^ 

for the use of the foort > ^^1 - 00 - 00 

and people 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 167 

for A hors and mare cost mee 012-00-00 

yore 

Humble servant 
John March. 



In the House of Representatives 
Novem"^ 19^^ 1703. 

Resolved That the Sum of Fifty Pounds be 
Allowed and Paid out of the publick Treasury to Lieuten- 
ant Colonel John March in Consideration of the brave 
Defence which by his Conduct was made of Her Maj*'®* 
Fort at Casco=Bay when lately Attack't by the french, 
and Indian Enemy, and of the Wounds, and Damage he 
then Received. 
Sent up for Concurrence 

Jam? Converse Speaker 

In Council 
Nov' 20^^ 

1703 Read and pass* a Concurrance 

Isf Addington Secfy 



Petition of the Town of York, 

To his Excell'' the Govern"" Councell and Representa- 
tives now Assembled and Sitting in Boston this 
Twelfth day of November 1703. 

The Humble Pettition of the Towne of Yorke in the 
Province of Main 
Humbly Sheweth / 

That it hath pleased Almighty God to Protect and keep 
us yo"" remote neighbours a Poor People for more than 



168 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ffourteen years past and that Little, God hath given us 
( above necessary food & Rayment ) by our industry in 
the Years of Peace has been laid out in building, our 
Land at p''sent doth come Short of Produceing our 
bread Corne. Our Mills a wholy useless, wee are taken 
off from our Imployem^^ have lost much Corne and Hey 
in our remote Skirts this Summer, Wee have borne 
almost an Equall Share with Pressed Soldiers, in Watch- 
ing and Warding. And Wee have Lost every Way in 
runing the hazard of Venturing to our ungarison'd 
houses, our Stocks left, are our Chief Livelyhood, and 
if you take away them wee shall not be able to subsist. 
Therefore may it please Yo^ ExcellY Councell & Represent- 
itives to Consider our Low circumstances, which Capt. 
Abraham Preble who p^sents this Petition, will more fully 
relate, and to mittigate at least the sinking body & burthen 
of Taxes laid upon us, which you will be made Sensible we 
are no Wise able to stand under. 

In Granting our Petition Your Excell? & honours will 
doubtless do a deed of Charity and wee shall humbly 
Pray that God will not forgett yo'' Labour of Love 
herein 

Select Men for ^ Samuell Daniel! 
YorkNovemb! 8:thl703 the Town e of I Joseph Bands 

York in j Arther Bragdon 
behalf e of s*^ TowneJ Samuel Webour 

Answer. 

In the House of Representatives 
Decem^ 1? 1703. 

In Consideration of the Impoverishing Circum- 
stances of the Town of York is under by means of 
the present war. 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 169 

Ordered That Direction be given to the Treasurer to 
Order the Constable or Constables of the s'^ Town to 
Pay the Sum of Ten Pounds, part of the sum levied 
on the Town in the last Province=Tax, to tlie minis- 
ter of the said Town. 
Sent up for Concurrence 

Jam? Converse Speaker. 
In Council, 
pr? Dec^ 1703. 

Read and pass'd a concurrance. 

Isf Addington Secry. 



" Representatives Ajisiver about Pemaquid and Salaries Sent 
up W Nov"- 170Sr 

"In the House of Representatives 

May It Please Your Excellency 

In Answer to that Part of Your Excellency's 

Speech referring to Setling of Perpetuall Salaries & 

Building a Fort at Pemaqvid." 

" For the Building a Fort at Pemaquid. 

We humbly Conceive Her Majesty hath Received Mis- 
representations, concerning that affair, at least our Appre- 
hensions of it do not Concurr, with what hath been Repre- 
sented to Her Majesty, wherefore this House sent home their 
humble addresse & Memoriall Dated March 27th. 1703, to 
Lay before Her Majesty our reasons, why we did not Comply, 
with Her Majestys Directions in that matter, viz*. 

1.) The little advantage it was formerly to us althd. 
not lesse than Twenty Thousand Pounds expended. 



170 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

2.) The Scituation being out of the ordinary Way of 
the Indians, and more than One Hundred Miles distance 
from any English Plantation. 

3.) For the now Building and Maintaining s*^ Fort, the 
great charge will be such that this Countrey cannot possibly 
Subsist under in Regard of the Severall large Summs of 
money Laid out in the Raising new Fortifications on Castle 
Island with diverse others in this Province of great Impor- 
tance which are set forth in s^ Memoriall, and we hope may 
be sufficient to render us excusable ; But the fresh unac- 
countable Charge Created by the present war, with the 
Indians, we humbly Conceive is Argument enough; were 
there no other for our not Building the same." 



" Representatives Address to his ExeelV^y for the Redressing of 
several things therein mention'^ fresenf^ and read 
Bed" ^^ 170S'' 

To his Excellency Joseph Dudley Esq'' 
Gouern^ &c 

The house of Representatives humbly Submit to 
Consideration y** following pticulers to be Redress*^ 
The Mony Last Granted to y^ vse of y® Fortification at Castle 
Isle being 700'^ ) to be drawne out by CoH. Romer & m' 
Bratle for y" finishing of %^ CoH. projections then layd before 
y** Court : m'^ Bratle not accepting y' betrustm*, this house 
are at a Loss who shall Informe them of y® Regular drawing 
of y® same : or whether any Remayne. This house haveing 
made Enquiry of y** Comitte y* went to s'^ Castle y® 25th 
Nou. Last whether severall of s*^ Coll. Romers projections 
were finished, s'^ Comitte Informe y* severaU of y^ same are 
not yet accomplished ; tho, he promis"^ they should be first 



OF THE STATE OF JVIAINE 171 

done being of Greatest Importance as this house Conceiued 
at the Granting s*^ Sum. viz* y** platforms y' are not yet all 
repair*^ nor y® Guns all Mounted : The Line of Guns on y® 
So=East part of y* Isleand out of Repair : part of y® s*^ plat- 
forme being pul** up & y® Guns Remoued : also y^ house for 
Lodging of Souldiers not yet made. 

we pray y* due Care may be taken y* y® Chaplain may 
Reside at y" Castle, y* y® Worship of God may be upheld 
amongst those y* Continue there, y* they may daily attend 
y® same, & y* If any neglect y® same such may be animad- 
verted upon. 

And y* not any pson may be there allowed to sell strong 
drink for y** Impouerishing ; y® parents, Masters or families 
of such as are posted there. 

we pray y® Consideration of y® prospect of y^ vast charg y* 
fortification at Cascoe is like to draw upon y^ province it 
being Enlardged soe far as we are Liformed y' 100 Men will 
hardly be found sufficient to keep s*^ Fortification upon any 
assault, w^^out Endangering y® loss thereof, 
we pray y* y* Number of Souldiers at Castle Isle may be 
reduc*^ to thirty : Officers & Souldiers : vntill y® midle of 
March next And y^ a Winter march may be desisted from 
( there being Encourag"*^ giuen to voluntiers ) & y* the soul- 
diers Intended therefor may be disbanded to such a Numb^ 
as your Excellency may see Convenient for y^ severall 
Garrisons. 

we pray y* John Battiss prissoner at y" Castle be remoued 
into & kept in y® Roome there formerly prepared for him. 
We pray 

That an Armorer may be one of y® Listed Souldiers at 
y® Castle ; & be allowed p week attending 

y* service y* y" Armorer formerly hath don 
We pray 

That Majo"^ Jn** Cutlers missmagem* y^ hath bene Layd 



172 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

before yo' Excelency as well as this house May be 
Examined ; & upon due proof that y® s^ Cutler may be 
obliged at Answer y® next sessions of this Court. 

we pray, That Capt Turfery may be Answer his neglect 

in Letting y® Indian goe out of Sauco Fort to witt: 
Thorn Hood : one of y® Queens prisoners or Rebell who 
was Comitf^ to his Custody 

Jam" Converse Speaker 

2 Dec' 1703. In Council:/ 

Sent up and Read 



Petition of John Wheelwright in behalf of Wells. 

To his Ex*=3^ Joseph Dudley Esq^ Captf Generall and Gov' 
in Cheife in and over her Maj*'^* Province of the Massachu- 
sets Bay &c : And the Hono^^® Council and Representatives 
in Generall Court Assembled - 

The Petition of John Wheelwright in the 
behalfe of the Town of Wells 
Humbly Sheweth 

That Whereas it hath pleased God to suffer the Indian 
Enemy to make a sore & terrible breach upon our Towne 
to the Loss of Estates, & lives of many of o' Inhabitants, 
and Captivity of many o' friends and neighbo'^s the rest 
drove into close garrisons from Houses and habitations of 
their own and stand in the seat of the war ( it being ) the 
Eastermost Towne now standing ) the greatest part of our 
time being spent in watching and Warding The most part 
of us are drove to great straits and difficulties and are 
hereby rendered unable to bear publick charges and Taxes. 
Yo*^ Petitioner doth humbly pray this Hono^^® Court 
may take the same into Consideration and Remitt those 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 173 

Taxes lately lay'd upon our s'^ Towne And by some pro- 
vision for the support of the Rl m' Sam" Emery o'' Minis- 
ter to prevent us the privation of w* yo"" Hono''8 knows 
will be our utter mine 

And Yo"" Petitioner shall ev^ pray &c 
John Wheelwright 
In Council 
Read and sent down /. 

Answer. 

In the House of Representatives. 
Decern^ 1, 1703. 

In Consideration of the Impoverishing Circumstances 
that the Town of Wells, is under by means of the 
present War. 

Ordered That Direction be Given to the Treas- 
urer to Order the Constable or Constables of the s*^ 
Town to Pay the sum of fifteen Pounds part of the 
sum Levied on that Town m the last Province Tax, 
to the minister of the s^ Town 
Sent up for Concurrence 



Jam? Converse Speaker 



In Council 
pro Dec^ 1703. 



Read and passd a Concurrance 

Is— Addington Secfy 



174 



DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 



Moses Wostor 


Y:8 






John Staple 


5:6 




James Pickernell 


6:6 




The : Widdowe Nelson 


3:9 




James Thomson 


6:6 




John Cole 


7:6 




ffrances Allen 


8:0 




Moses Bouden 


5:6 




Samuell Johnson 


7:0 




James Tobee 


6:9 




John Rogers 


12:6 




William ffry 


8.0 




John Pall 


7.0 




James Stapell 


5:9 




Thomas Musseet 


5:0 




Samull Small 


10:9 




Dannell ffog 


7:9 




Mathew Libbe 


7:8 




Daued Libbe 


7:9 




Thomas Thurcom 


7.6 




William Blacke 


10:0 


Ichabod Plaisted^ 




Nicholas Morrell 


9:9 


John Shapleigh 


Select 

>- 
men 




14:1 


John Hill 






Danell Emrreey 





A List of the Persons to whom we distributed y® <£14 - 8s 
ordered by y^ Generall Court out of our Sate Tax: A: D: 1704 

Edmund Gage £ : - 6 

Widdow Mitchell 5 

John fford 5 

John Amee 5 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 175 



James Foy 
Thos. Hooper 

Joseph Cradouer 
William Rob*^ jun'' 
Aaron Phores 
Joseph Crockett sen"' 
John King 
John Frink 
Richd Endle 
John Fennicke 
Sam^' Johnson 
Widdow Hammons 
Paul William 
John Ball 
Dan^^ Jones 
John Shepherd 
Walter Deniford 
Hezekiah Elwell 
John Gear 
Silvanus Tripe 
John Moggeridge 






5 





5 





10 





5 





6 





6 





5 





5 





6 





10 


1 


00 





06 





15 





5 





5 





10 





5 





5 





15 





05 





10 



9 5 

5 8 



Elisha Clark 


6 


Lewis Tucker 


10 


Rog'' Thomas 


4 


Henry Be(neent) 


15 


John Tinny 


10 


Jedidiah Jordan 


10 


Widdow Palmer & DaughtL 


1 08 


James Braddeen 


05 


Widdow Tinney 


05 


Widdow Haley 


5 



176 



DOCUMENTAHY HISTORY 



Widdow More 5 







Old Goodman Laiteu 5 





5 = 8 


-0 


Richard Cutt 


Jos : Wilson 






Elihu Gunnison 
Icbabod Plaisted 
John Shapleigh 
John Hill 


V 


Selectmen 
for y* 
Town of Kittery 



Josiah Goodridge 


s d 
<£ — 5 6 


Walter Allen 


— 50 


Tbomas Gubtail 


— 50 


Samuel Brackett 


— 5 6 


Gabriel Hambleton 


— 5 6 


Gilbert Warren 


— 5 3 


Robert Gray 


— 7 3 


John Nason 


— 80 


William Wadley 


— 70 


Baker Nason 


— 90 


Widdow Martha Lord 


— 80 


John Cooper 


— 7 


Peter Grant 


— 30 


Job Emery 


— 6 6 


Sam" Shores 


— 90 


Edward Waymoth 


— 5 9 


Timothy Waymoth 


— 90 


Bartholomew Thomson 


— 90 


Henery Snow 


— 50 


Christopher Banfeild 


— 30 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



177 



George Brawn 

John Brooks 

Nicholas Gellison 

Benj* Tubbs 

Nich* Goen 

Will™ Stacy 

Frances Harleoo 

William Smith 

Thomas Rodes 

Widdow Elizabeth Gowen 

Nichol? Turbit 

Peter Wittome 

Thomas Holmes 

Thomas Chick 

Allen Voz 

Andrew Neal 

John Key Sen"^ 

Richard Chick 

Thom?. Butler 

Joseph Abbott 

John Abbott 

Lemuel Gowen 

Daniel Stone 

Daniel Emery 

Walter Abbott 

Vera Copia J. P. Cler« 
Ichabod Plaisted 
John Shapleigh 
John Hill 
Dannell Emery 



— 6 


6 


— 6 





— 9 





— 5 





— 9 





— 5 





— 8 


9 


— 5 


6 


— 7 





— 1 


9 


— 5 


3 


1 





— 6 





— 5 





— 1 


6 


— 9 





— 3 





— 6 


9 


— 5 


6 


— 6 





— 7 


G 


— 1 





— 7 


6 


— 9 




— 7 


6 


Select 




men 





12 



178 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

New Castle Nov' 20^^ 1Y03./ 
May Please Yo"^ honour 

S^ According to the Warrant given me from you I 
went & demanded the Fourt and the Stores of M^ Hinks 
but his Answer to me was that himself was Comand^ in 
Cheefe in yo"^ hon""? absence and likewise that he had his 
Cofiiission from his Excellency and till he had a Warrant 
from him he should not deliver; Another reason why he 
would not deliver was that the Province owed him a great 
deale of money and he would keep the Stores in his hands 
till such time as he could be told how he come by his 
money./ 

He recieves the three shillings which belongeth to the 
Gov! and signs the passes as President, not further at pres- 
ent but remaine with humble service 
Yo": hon"^? 

Obedient & humble servant 
to Command 

Shadrach Walton. 
On the 10*^? August 1703 the french and Indians brook 
the peace and fell upon severall places at once (viz^ ) Cascow, 
black point, Cape Elizabeth, Perpudock, Sawcoa, Winter 
harbour, and Wells ; destroyed all the Cattle, and all the 
Inhabitants they could ketch in their owne houses.- 

At Purpudock they ript up one Goody Webber that was 
big with child and laid her child to her breast and so left 
her. At Spurwink river they knockt one Jordans sucking 
Childs brains out ag^ a Tree ; The Father of s^ Child seeing 
the Indians approach went in a frindly manner to meet 
them thinking of no danger and shook hands w*^!^ them and 
as he was so doing they knocked out his brains and scalp'd 
him And took several families & carryed them away cap- 
tives they killed abundance of Cattle & left them untouched. 
There was above fifteen hundred bushells of Indian 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 179 

Corn besides other grain standing in the fields belonging to 
y® English Inhabitants at y^ Eastward of Wells w? y* 
Indians broak out of w*-'.^ they took possession & no body 
venturing- to those parts to destroy it or take it away y® 
Indians had y^ profitt of it. There is quite contraiy meth- 
ods now taken then was in S^ E*^ Andros time who took y^ 
most effectuall way to destroy them & root out y® very Mem- 
ory of them from y^ Eastward.- In Septemb^ there was 
Nineteen Men kill'd at black point abl a quarter of a Mile 
from y® Garrison Cap^ Willard being then in y'' Garrison by 
ord^ of y® GovT who as soon as y'' men were killed he run 
out of y*' Fourt w^?^ all his men aboard a Sloop & left but 8 
men behind w*'.'^ belonged to s^ Garrison who were forced to 
desart y^ Fort; being so left by Cap^ Willard & y** 19 men 
y* was then killed are to this day left unburied. All 
w*^? John Hornabrook w*'^ was an Ey Wittness to most of 
these transactions 



John Hornabrook/ 



do testify to be true - 



Boston Aprill 20. 1704. 
My Lords 

By the Centurion who sailed hence about the tenth 
of March last I addressed Ypur Lordships with the State of 
these Provinces, and with all the accounts, papers, minutes 
of Council, Acts of Assembly, since which time severall 
partyes that I have in the woods to the head of Conecticot - - 
Morimack and Saco Rivers are returned, they were in all to 
the Number of six hundred men in four partyes and kept 
the forrest upon a three foot snow in snow shooes carrying 
theyr provision with them for Twenty dales but found no 



180 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Indians, they having early before Christ masse gone East- 
ward as far as Penobscot, but I have thereby given this 
Country as well as the Indians conviction that we can beare 
the frost and travell with our Victualls as long as they, and 
the spring being now come I am preparing about seven hun- 
dred men to Range the coast from casco bay fort to S* Croix 
the extent of this Government to keep the Indians from their 
fishing and planting, to distresse them farther against winter, 
which will demand twenty sloops with provision to attend 
them, and this is besides Six hundred men in Garison upon 
the frontiers in a line from Marlborough to Wells as Your 
Lordships will see the frontiere to reach in the mapp which 
I humbly offered your Lordships by the Centurion, and as 
an Encouragment to Volentieres in the service, the Assem- 
bly at their Last Session agreed to pay one hundred pound 
per head for every Indian above ten yeares old brought in 
by the Voluntieres who March without pay./ 

During the time of the forces being abroad, the French 
and Indians about two hundred came from Mount Reall 
directly over the Lakes, and on the first of february fell in 
upon a Village called Deerfield our uppermost Settlement 
upon Conecticut River which was taken in by a Palisado 
containing about forty houses wherein were seventy men 
Inhabitants and twenty Musqueteirs I had Lodged there as 
a Garison, but the watch being neglected the Indians got 
into theyr gates, fired severall houses before any alarm, but 
when they were got to iVrmes, they defended themselves 
tollerably till Sixty men from Hatfield the next Village as I 
had ordered came to their Releife and beat the Enemy out of 
Town, where notwithstanding we Lost twenty men and sev- 
enty women and children carried away, but the Enemy Left 
thirty men dead behind them, within four and twenty houres 
there were three hundred men from the Lower townes of 
that River from Springfield and Hartford in the Village but 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 181 

for want of Snow Shoes dare not follow the Enemy, this part 
is from Boston an hundred and twenty miles, and having no 
Officers nor Regular Soldiers for theyr Example, are not 
so ready and under command as they would be if Her Maj- 
esty would favour those provinces with two or three foot 
companyes to be disposed in the parts as at New Yorke, 
where the very being of the Soldiers in Garison hath 
secured the Maqua's at peace for severall yeares Last past. 

While this was doing Brovillon the Governour of Port 
Royall had fitted out a privateer sloop with forty men to 
Cruise at Cape=Codd to look for our western Victuallers to 
supply his Garison, of which I was aware and had written 
to the Governour of Coiiecticot not to suffer them to 
come Round the Cape without a Convoy, which I had 
ordered to receive them at Martha's Vinyard, where they 
stayed so long that by storme the French privateer was 
driven on shoare, and I seized the men who are now pris- 
oners, and may serve to exchange for the people they carried 
away, the said prisoners give me account that there are 
drawn together from Quebeck, Port Royall and our own 
Indians, a Thousand Men, who Intend for Pascataqua Early 
in May, I hope to have a force there ready to receive them, 
but the Setlements in the province of Mayne are so open 
and unguarded that It is impossible to save them all from a 
lesse number of men, but I shall doe what is in my power 
and besides the Inhabitants I have three hundred men in 
Garison and one hundred Indians, which I have lately enter- 
tained from Connecticot colony and am fitting out ten sloops 
with about Six hundred men to seek theyr headquarters in 
their absence, I hope I shall keep the war at a good distance, 
but theyr waters and swamps Eastward are so unpassable 
that It is Impossible to root them out. 

These services by sea and Land demand a very great 
share of the people of this province, and instead of assistance 



182 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

from Road Island my next neighbors, I have some hundreds 
of Young fellowes the fittest for the service fled thither, 
and entertained there, and I have no meanes to reduce them, 
but they will double theyr province, and give me no assist- 
ance of men of money, and in a very short time if the war 
presses upon me, I shall be able to doe very Little my Sea- 
men as well as Landmen taking refuge there, where they doe 
no duty nor pay any tax. 



By the Centurion I gave your Lordships account of my 
obedience to her Majesties directions in M^ Aliens affayres 
at pascataqua, which he acknowledged to have put the peo- 
ple into a better disposition and Just opinion of his title, 
and nothing shall be wanting on my part to put him into an 
absolute and quiet possession of the waste, there is some 
little misunderstanding between himselfe and M^ Usher 
unhappily fallen which may prove the greatest obstruction. 

I have yet no other assistance for the sea but the 
Gospir which is uncapable to doe the services of one of the 
provinces much lesse of both, and if as we have a Rumor 
here the french fleet should call we have nothing to secure 
us, but they may lye before Boston or New Castle in pascal> 
aqua and bomb the places where the seate of our Trade is. 

I humbly acknowledge the Receipt of Your Lordships 
letters of the twenty ninth of July and the sixth of August 
1703, and in answer to the first humbly thank Your Lord- 
ships for the farther report of the state of these Her Maj- 
estyes provinces and hope the coming of a Fourth Rate 
friggot to be added to the Gospir, absolutely necessary for 
the service here.- 

Your Lordships expectation of the assemblyes obedience 
to Her Majesties coiiiands, for the Setlement of a Salary for 
the Governour here must be at an End. If the Centurion be 
well arrived as I hope where they have given their Last 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 183 

peremptory answer to both Her Majestyes Gracious comands 
Referring to pemaquid and that of a Salary, I can sincerely 
protest to your Lordships I never intended in any thing to 
use more skill nor application privately as well as in the 
Assembly to have obtained an Obedience in the Rebuilding 
of pemaquid, but without any successe with men that forget 
their duty, and the addresse that the Representatives pri- 
vately sent away digested by a secret comittee with theyr 
memoriall, which I hoped would never have been seen by 
your Lordships, M^ Phips now adviseth me he presented, 
which I humbly hope Your Lordships will please so far to 
animadverte upon as to prevent such methods for the future, 
and to doe me the favour to acquitt me I being perfectly 
ignorant thereof. 

I have now a second comission for M^ Byfield Judge of 
the Admiralty, and he was this day sworn in Council and 
not before, and I shall leave nothing undone for her Maj- 
estyes service in the power of that Court. 

The Indian boy mentioned in that letter will now be 
uselesse, the Indians having broken all faith with me, and I 
should not returne him if he were here. 

In obedience to the letters of the Sixth of August I 
have enclosed plans of all the Fortifications in these prov- 
inces, and what is needfull for the present workes which 
Colonel Romer saith was done formerly, or I had not omitted 
it so long, but they may be mislayed coming over befoe my 
arrivall. 

Besides the Cannon I am in great want of small Armes 
which are daily wasted by my forces abroad, especially the 
Indians in Her Majestyes Service, It would be a great 
favour, and that which I pray this people may deserve, if I 
might receive a small quantity, if but five hundred small 
armes, for both the provinces- 

My Lords, I shall continue with all possible mdustry 



184 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and application to serve Her Majesty here, and pray that it 
may be acceptable to Her Majesty and to Your Lordships. 

The hurry of the war in a great measure prevents the 
Inhabitants going upon the Turpentine and hemp trade, but 
I am sensible that if the people here be not put upon it, or 
that Her Majesty will please to have some ships of war 
built here for Her own service whereby the people may make 
Returnes the woollen trade from England will sensibly be 
impayred every Yeare and great quantityes of all sorts of 
woollen clothes made here to the gi"eat hurt of the Kingdom 
of England, which it is my duty with Your Lordships direc- 
tions to prevent. 

I am My Lords 

Your Lordships most obedient 
and most faithfuU 
servant 

J Dudley. 
M^ Romer the Engineer is at 
some distance from mee, if I 
cannot get his planus of the 
fortifications they shall come 
by the next conveyance- 

End : Massachuseta 



Letter from Col : Dudley to the Board ; 
Bated the 20^^ of April 1704. 

0: 30 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 185 

« Hii Exc^^ys Speech Apr^ 19, 1704." 

Gentlemen 

Since I saw you last I have vsed all possible means to 
Rayse a propper Number of Volunteers for the service upon 
the Honorable premium you allowed in the Last Session 
(and I hope you have done the same in the several parts) 
but without any Considerable appearance and by the Intelli- 
gence I have of the Enemy I am assured if wee Keep not the 
waiT at a distance they will Employ us nearer home. 

I must therefore desire you will have some other Con- 
siderations of the Matter, if you should see meet to revive 
the ten pound act made the last year and allow the trans- 
ports, I believe we might Imediately see a sufficient Number 
for the Summer Expedition otherwise I must have recourse 
to the ordinary Method of the Impress least the summer be 
lost and the fronteirs oppressed. 

I have the Last week from the Goverment of Connecti- 
cut 100 Indians under the Care of Major Mason who serve 
upon the forty pound a head, I shall post them in the prov- 
ince of Mayn as Conveniently as I can to Cover those towns 
and Desire you will have a Just Consideration of Major 
Masons service upon whom those Indians do absolutely 
depend." 

" by the Intelligence I have it is necessary the forces be 
forthwith sent away." 



^<' Q-overno^' Speech" 

" Gentlemen — 

I beleive we are all sensible of the benefit of the Expe- 
dition Eastward in the Spring & Summer the effect whereof 
has been the quiet we have had in the province of Mayn & 



186 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

our own Northern plantations & the Care & Watchfullness 
we have used to the Westward and the disappearance of 
the french & Indians at Lancaster has given us the same 
ease on that side which yet we must not depend upon but 
Expect another march of the Army from l^oth sides ; 



Petition of Samuel Grill ^ Benj'^ Hutchins 

May the 29. 1704 
to the Right honouerable the leftenant gouornor with the 
Rest of his Majesties Councel of his provance of the Massa- 
tucits by in New England ~ 

the humble pettition of Samuel gill of Salsbery and of benie- 
min hucthins of the town of Cittire sheweth : — 
that wheras it pleased the honourable the great and genarell 
Assembly in May 1700: to grant that ther should be means 
uesed to recouer the Captives from the french And indins at 
Canida And left it with your honouers to be put in Execu- 
tion with all speed; which will much oblidg youer poor 
pettitioners. 

Samuell gill 

benjemin huckins 
here is an account of captives tacken from Salsbery New- 
bery Amsbery Kittery Yorck which are not returned 
Samuell gill taken from Salsbery Jun 10th : 1697 agged nine 
yeres 

John or Joseph Goodaridg taken fron Newbery about October 
in : 92 aboute eight yeres old 

ann Whit takene from Amsbery at the same time. 
Jonathan hucthins taken from Kettery : May 9th 1698 
agged about fifteen yeres. 

Charls traffen taken from York about May: about 1695 
agged about fifteen yeres, and one Robert Winchester about 



OF THE STATE'^OP MAINE 187 

July in : 96 agged about 14 yeres. and Joseph frey of Ket- 
tery taken about 1695 agged about 16 or 16 yeres. 



Petition of Lewis Bane in behalf of York. 

To His Excellency Joseph Dudley, Esq^ Captain 
GenerV and Govern^ in chief of her Maj^!®^ Province 
of the Massachusetts Bay in New England, and the 
Hon^/® the Councill, and Representatives of her Maj^'^* 
s<i Province in Gen" Court Assembled June 7'**. 1704 
The Humble Petition of Lewis Bane Representative of 
the Town of York, in behalfe of the s*^ Town. 
Humbly Sheweth 

That the s'^ Town are Bless'd with a very worthy Min- 
ister the Reverend M"" Sam" Moodey, whom in the 
time of Peace the Inhabitants of the s*^ Town with Diffi- 
culty but cheerfulnesse Supported : But are now 
Reduc'd to such Poverty by the Calamity of the war, 
that they are not capable to yield him a competent 
Maintenance. And the s? M"^ Saml Moodey served her 
Maj^y chaplain to the forces that March'd the last winter 
to Pegwackit, and constantly Serves as chaplain to the 
fforces Posted in the s"? Town. 

And Your Petition'^ doth further humbly shew that 
Abraham Stevens a Souldier that Served Her Maj'? 
under Comand of L* Col? John March, was by reason 
of Sicknesse Dismist from the Service by the s^ L* 
Col? on the 17th of Dec^ last at the afores"? Town of 
York, where he Continued Sick untill the 27th Day of 
May, during which Time the Select Men of the s*^ Town 
Took care for Diet Lodging Attendance & Medicines 
for the s? Souldier 



188 DOCUMENTABY HISTORY 

Your Petitioner therefore humbly Praies Your 
Excellency & Hon^^ to Take the Premises into 
Consideration, and Grant such Allowance toward 
the support of the Rev^ IVf Moodey afores? as 
in Your wisdom shall be thought proper. 

And also Grant meet Allowance for the 
charge the s? Town have been at upon the 
Sick Souldier afores*? 

And Y'' Peticoiier shall 
as in Duty bound ever Pray &c*. 
Lewis Bane. 

June 7th 1704. Read. 



Answer. 

In Answer to y® Petition within mentioned. 
Resolved that there be paid out of the Publick 
Treasury of the Province Ten poimds Towards the 
Support of the Reverend M"" Sam" Moody the Min- 
ister of said Town of Yorke ~ 

Further Resolved That there be allowed unto y* 
Town of York five pounds out of y* Tax Levied 
on them y® last year for their disburs" on Abraham 
Steevens the sicke Souldier within named. 
June: 14th: 1704: 
In y* House of Representatives, 

Voted & Sent up for Concurrence 
Jam? Converse Speaker 
June 16th 1704. 

In Council 
Read and Concurr'd 

Is'^ Addiugton Secry. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 189 

13 July -1704 
My Lords 

I lately humbly Addressed your Lordships by way 
of Lisbon of the twentyeth of Aprill past having had no 
direct conveyance from hence since the Centurion Copy 
whereof I have now again inclosed, since which I have had 
no 111 accident notwithstanding the appearance of the Indians 
every where in small partyes except the losse of one family 
at North hampton, where the Indians again surprized them 
in the darke of the night. 

About Six weekes since by some letters from Can- 
ada to port Royal which I intercepted, we had newes of the 
March of One hundred french and two hundred Indians from 
Quebeck to Joyne the Eastern Indians to make in all one 
Thousand, with direction to them to fall in to pascataqua 
River to burn New Castle and the fort there and draw off 
linediately, and to Acquaint them that from Mount Reall at 
the same time the number of five hundred should fall upon 
our upper Townes on Connecticot River, In prevention of 
which Colonel Church with the forces I had Eastward at 
penobscot very luckily fell upon that small Setlement of 
about ten french family es where he took the present sent 
those Indians, and the agent one Monsieur Gordeau and 
twenty soldiers the fore runners of the Quebeck party and 
about forty soules more women and children whom he sent 
with Gorden prisoners hither with a considerable booty which 
I gave to his men, which I hope hath diverted that Expedi- 
tion, and at the same time I sent three hundred men more 
into the province of Mayne, least the Enemy should oppresse 
any weak part there, and to the west ward upon Connecticot 
River I have two hundred men from Hart ford from Con- 
necticot Colony, to whom that part is a frontier, and two 
hundred of this province who are now going two hundred 
miles above deer field upon Connecticot River, to seek the 



190 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Rendezvous of the Mount Reall party supposed to be upon 
that River about two hundred Miles above any English setle- 
ment and these additions to the forces under Colonel Church 
make up one thousand nine hundred men in pay with twenty 
sloopes put this province to a very great charge at present, 
under Colonel Church I have Six hundred Men with the said 
twenty sloopes and the Gospir friggot & the Jersy being here 
from New York to fitt I obtained of My Lord Cornbury to 
let her keep company with the abovesaid forces into L'accadia 
and all along the coast, on both sides the bay of fundee who 
are now out, and have Ranged all the coast from Kenebeck 
River as far as Saint Johns, and taken considerable plunder 
and burnt all the Setlements Avhere Casteen Le Flibu and 
other french Setlements have long been, and are at this time 
gone over to the port Royal side to see if it may be, they 
may Surprize the french supplyes coming thither where they 
are very poor, and to cut the banks of their corne Land, and 
let in the sea upon their meadowes, which destroyes them for 
five Yeares next coming, and if I had had the favour of a 
4th ship Rate, added this spring as I humbly pray'd, I 
might by the favour of God have possessed port Royall, with 
no other Losse or danger than Rideing before the place, and 
preventing their supply from France and the prisoners I 
have, tells me they have some moneths been at allowance the 
Inhabitants as well as the Garison, and in the like condicion 
they are at Quebeck as the Letters we have taken of theirs 
informe us. 

To support this great charge the Assembly who sate 
the whole moneth of June, have very frankly granted 
twenty three thousand pounds and have given me no Objec- 
tion to the number of y® forces, nor Improvement of them 
but very readily and cheerfully submitted to the charge and 
thank'd me for the advance of the forces, which is now the 
fifth man in the province, but I can obtaine nothing from 



OF THE STATE OF JIAINE 191 

Road Island from Conecticot I have two hundred and Sixty 
men in the upper townes upon that River, which is truly 
their owne frontier, but without any coraand, they come and 
goe as they please, sometimes by orders from their own gov- 
ernment and sometimes without, and so it will be while those 
charters remaine, no money will be raised, nor men under 
cofhand while their Neighbours are oppressed with hard 
Marches and great taxes, if this Inequality (my Lords) were 
at a great distance it might not easily be observed, but noth- 
ing parts us but a brooke, we are in equal danger and can 
call to each other and a family of this province payes a tax 
of five pounds, and his next Neighbour of Equall estate 
payes not one crosse./ 

I am in great want of ponder and small amies, I 
have strictly taken y® pouder duly in specie, and have 
abridged all unnecessary expence of pouder, and the Liev- 
tenant Governour and other Officers are very carefull, but 
the service, and marching and removing will waste it away, 
and amies are every day lost and spoyled, which I cannot 
repaire here. If by any meanes this province might be 
favoured with Her Majestyes bounty in these Articles, I 
would engage for the good husbandry & just expence of 
them. 

I have as Your Lordships have directed sent exact 
planus of the severall fortifications in both her Majestyes 
provinces, with the number of Cannon mounted, and the 
wants we stand in, which I also humbly pray may be sup- 
plyed according to Her Majesties gracious intimation in 
Your Lordships former letters. 

It hath been the usage of this province once in a few 
yeares. to conciliate and confirme their friendship with the 
Maquaws & five nations and I have written to my Lord 
Cornbury to advise therein and have accordingly provided 



192 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

for the charge of Comissioners, and a present about five hun- 
dred poundes, which is necessary to keep them steady, of 
which the french letters intercepted Complaine, and hath 
moved me to this present Errand and charge on their behalfe, 
and yet at last I doubt we shall loose them, if we have not 
Ministers amongst them to defeat the french Missionaryes 
to whom they are infinitely bigotted. 

I am sencible the papers your Lordships gave me a 
list of as wanting were twice sealed up in my sight but both 
times Lost, but the last letters wherein those papers should 
have been were sealed at pascataqua, and by the carelessnesse 
of the Secretary left behind and yet I cannot expect any 
exact service there from a secretary whose salary is but 
twelve poundes per annum, and the perquisites scarce worth 
five poundes more, beyound which profit that ofiice Hath not 
amounted these twenty Yeares. 

I am sencible I have troubled Your Lordships too often 
with the Account of the Assemblies Refusall of any estab- 
lishment of a salary for the Governour, which they are obsti- 
nate in to the Last degree, and so they are in their Elections 
of the Council, the best men in all parts are Left out, and 
men of no principles in Government sent to the board, from 
whom I can expect nothing but contradictions and opposi- 
tions and I make bold humbly to acquaint Your Lordships 
that those priviledges of Election of Councilours, are no 
manner of benefit to these provinces, but are scandalously 
used to support partyes against the Honour of the Crowne 
and Government and are made opportunityes to afi!ront every 
legall and good man that loves the Church of England and 
dependance upon Her Majestyes Government, who to be 
sure shall never obtaine a Vote though very superior to 
others for learning & Estates. 

I have also humbly to acquaint Your Lordships that 
Amongst others the Last Yeare I gave coniission to Captain 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 193 

Plowman for a Privateer Gaily who was a man of undoubted 
probity and Courage, and was very well Equip* by Merchants 
of this place, and sailed from Hence the first of Aug: 1703 
but falling sick his company resolved to alter their course 
from the River of Canada whither they were bound, and two 
dales after he was found dead in his Cabbin, and then his 
Lievtenant and Company sailed for the Coast of Brasill 
where they robbed nine portugall Vessells, in a Moneths 
time took about Ten thousand pound of Treasure, kill** one 
Portugall Captain, and upon the Coast on their returne tore 
and reformed their Journalls, but coming into harbour were 
soon suspected and coinitted to prison, and have since been 
found guilty twenty of them the greatest Rogues of them 
Early escaped, however I have I hope attended the Act of 
Parliament and Her Majestyes instructions, and have exe- 
cuted six of them, that is to say, the Captain and Master who 
were the ringleaders, the person that kept Plowman Close 
and would suffer no man to speak with him, the man that 
shot the Portuguese Captain After he got on board liis ship 
and there are yet fourteen Condemned left in chaines that 
are young and ignorant fellowes, objects of Her Majesties 
mercy if she please and I humbly pray Your Lordships that 
it may be represented unto Her Majesty for Her Royall 
pleasure and commands therein the whole proceeding is 
inclosed which I ordered to be printed, it being a very new 
thing and seeming very harsh to hang people that bring in 
gold to these provinces. 

I have used all possible meanes to surprize their 
treasure and have got above halfe of it, the receipt of the 
gentlemen appoynted to receive and secure it is enclosed, 
and I humbly waite as I am commanded in Her Majesties 
instructions her Royall pleasure for the disposall thereof. 
There is a considerable charge in seizing of it in severall 
parts of the Countrey at great distances, which I have 

13 



194 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

allowed and ordered to be payd, If Her Majesty shall see 
meet to allow any part thereof for my care, or the Service of 
Lewtenant Governour Povey, I shall thankfully accept it, 
especially since the Province will do so little for the Support 
of the Government. 

I have also sent home Captain Lawrence and his Liev- 
tenant John Wells, who have made themselves accessoryes 
after the fact by hideing, concealing and carrying away seven 
of y® s*^ pyrates, with the proper evidences against them, as I 
am comauded, If Her Majesty shall please to extend Her 
Roy all grace to those that remain here in Irons, their suffer- 
ing will be long and hard, and the executions paste I hope 
will forever be a warning to such evill men here. I most 
humbly submitt the whole to Your Lordships Care, and pray 
I may be pardoned for any mistake in the Tryalls, the pro- 
ceedings here being wholly new, and that I may have Her 
Majestyes direction for what remaines in this affaire. 

I formerly acquainted Your lordships that the Rep- 
resentatives in theyr assembly the last year sent home a 
private addresse without my knowledge or advice, which I 
humbly pray Your Lordships will acquit me of, being refer- 
ring to pemaquid &c and if it be a fault, ( that matter being 
comanded by Her Majesty to be Sollicited by the Governour) 
to give him the goe by, I humbly pray they may be advised 
of it by your lordships, In the last Assembly they have done 
better, and prayed that a ('omittee might be allowed to 
attend me with an addresse to Her Majesty which is Enclosed 
in this packet, and I humbly pray that it may be counte- 
nanced by your lordships, and the prayer therein heard, 
what is represented of the pressure of the war being alto- 
gether true. 

I humbly Acknowledge the receipt of the duplicate 
of Your Lordships letters of february 16 : 1703/4 with the 
Inclosed packet for Road Island which I received seven dales 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 195 

past, and the Road Islands packet is by my own Messenger 
safely delivered, and I hope will be so far obeyed as to make 
the article of the vice Admiralty more easy for the future, 
but that of the Militia and the just use of theyr forces and 
expectation of a Quota from them will by no meanes be had 
untill they have farther comands from Her Majesty or a dis- 
solution of theyr charter, which truly stands in the way of 
all Religion & good Government. 

The grant of five hundred pounds for the fort by the 
Assembly of New hampshu'e, was truly as much as could 
well be collected at one time under the present pressure of 
the war; but I have done my Endeavour to double it by 
causing every man in the province by Thirty in a week to 
worke at the castle without pay which amounts to twice, as 
much more as the tax and yet it will be too little for so 
Important a worke for that Province. I am in great need of 
great gunns as the account and planus shew pouder and small 
armes which I hoped to have received Last Yeare, and can 
very 111 defend the province for want of it. 

I thank Your Lordships for the re-establishment of 
Colonel Byfeild in the Admiralty, he lately in his first court 
gave Judgment against the Charles Gallj out of which the 
privateers were taken and his Judgment seems agreeable to 
the Law, however the Owners have appealed to the Court of 
Admiralty in Doctors Comons as the law allowes, where if 
the judgment be confirmed, it will very much repute and 
steady the Government here. 

The allowance by law and usage here is to give the 
Justices foure shillings per diem out of the fines during the 
Session lesse than what the law of England allowes, and I 
shall take Care that they doe not passe it in neither province, 
and the remainder of y'' fines strictly comes into the treasury. 

The Assemblies refusall to vote the standing assist- 
ance for New York, I took it the more greivously from them 



196 DOCITIMENTARY HISTORY 

the last and this year because it had been no more than a 
dutiful! Submission to Her Majestyes Comands, and would 
have cost them nothing, the troubles being so pressing upon 
us, and my lord Cornbury in peace in his Government would 
have been much more ready to have moved to our Assistance 
than to have expected any thing from this province, and if 
it might be thought meet that all the provinces on the Shoar 
of America should contribute towards the war, it would 
make it look like fellow subjects and Concerned in the same 
Interest and duty to support Her Majestyes Crowne & 
Dignity. 

I most humbly pray for the assistance of Guard ships 
for this great Coast. 

I most humbly thank Your Lordships acceptance of 
my service so farr in raising men for the defence of the prov- 
ince, I must doe the Assembly here that justice to say that 
though they have not obeyed Her Majesty in providing for 
my support here, they have very frankly submitted to my 
appoynment at all times for numbers of Men and their sup- 
port, and I am bold to say, one Reason hath been that they 
are convinced of my sincere endeavours in their service and 
for tlieir support, and that not one man nor penny hath been 
diverted from its just use & service designed, nor have I by 
any meanes taken for my selfe or the Leivtenant Governour 
one penny but what hath been known to them and seen in 
their Accounts at all times for the payment and support of 
their owne men. 

M^ Usher is m the province of New hampshire, tak- 
ing care of the fortifications of which I have given him the 
Coniand, and Colonel Romer is overseeing the work, although 
uneasy with a difficult and poor people, I hope M^ Allen doth 
me the right in his letters to say that he hath asked nothing 
of me for letters or orders in his affaires that I have refused, 
he hath again begun his actions with Severall, and I hope 



OF THE STATE OF ]\LA.rNE 197 

they shall come home in the order and method Her Majesty- 
hath comanded, though many of the people do every day 
submit and take leases of him as he acquaints me from time 
to time. 

I shall strictly obey your Lordships direction referring 
to privateers Comissions when I have the Honour to receive 
them. 

I have published the repeale of the two Acts of the 
Assembly of New hampshire for the confirmation of some 
grants and an Act to prevent Contention &c. and entered 
the repeal in the Assemblies books, and the Avoydance of 
them will I think much facilitate M^ Aliens affayre, they 
were both made before my arrivall here, and I have often 
observed the tendency of them since my coming. 

The last Clause of your lordships letters of the Six- 
teenth of february aforesaid referrs to the Setlement of a 
Salary, that matter being never to be obtained of this Gov- 
ernment during their present forme ; I most humbly submitt 
my selfe to Her Majestyes Care, and shall never neglect my 
duty in Her Majestyes service Nor the Just Interest of this 
province notwithstanding, while I may approve my selfe to 
your Lordships, whose comands will be alwaies obeyed by me 
while I am honoured with my present station. 

M^ Phipps gives me notice your lordships have con- 
sidered the necessity of a chancery Court to be established 
in this province. I am humbly of opinion Your Lordships 
would have that power Lodged in the Governour for the 
time being, and a Number of the Council as Masters of 
chancery or assistants to that Court, and it is most certain 
it would then be a just honour to Her Majesty and a great 
benefit to the province, I have written to M^ Phipps to 
attend Your Lordships therein.- 

These letters are sent expresse upon a Sloop I have 
Employed on the province charge on purpose, and humbly 



198 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

pray your Lordships will let Captain Gary the messenger be 
as soon as possible dispatched having nothing else to doe, 
and that he may have protection for his master & saylors on 
board, and that the two prisoners and the evidences may be 
disposed of as Her Majesty pleaseth, that he may return. 

Captain Lawrence and Leivtenant Wells the Acces- 
soryes whom I am Comanded to send home, have these 
two last Yeares done good service, the first Year Law- 
rence took five french prizes & since comanded a Com- 
pany of Voluntiers to Jamaica and Wells his Lievtenant, & 
did good service there & Returned but fell unluckily into 
this folly, I pray that if It may consist with her Majestyes 
Honour he may obtain his pardon 

I am My Lords 

Your Lordships most obedient & humble Servant 

J. Dudley. 

[ Here follows an Abstract of foregoing letter ] 

End : llassachusets 

Letter from Col : Dudley to the Boards relating to y^ 
State of the Massachusets Bay Dated the 13 July llOlf./ 



To the Queens Most Excellent Ma^^:/ 
The humble Addresse of the Council & RepTsentatives 
of Yo*^ Ma*y^: Province of the Massachusetts Bay in 
N: England in General Court Assembled./ 
May it please yo'^ Ma'^ 

His Ex«y Yo"^ Matys Cap^ General & Gov"" of this Yo^ 
Ma'-y* Province, having communicated to us Yo "■ Ma*y^ Royal 
Letter of the 25*^ of i-d\\^^ 1704/5. In w^^ yo"" Majesty is 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 199 

Graciously pleased to signify, That Yo'" Ma^Y of Yo'' Royal 
Bounty has thought fit to give Directions, That Twenty 
Cannon w"' their Appur'^^'^ be sent to us for the use of Your 
Ma'y* P'ortifications on Castle Island ~ 

We Yo'^ Ma*y« Loyal & Dutiful Subjects do w^^^* all 
humility Address your Sacred Ma*^ w''*' our hearty &; sincere 
Thanks for Yo"" Ma*y Royal Bounty therein. And for the 
good Assistance Yo*" Ma*^ has been pleased to Afford us in 
Sending the Dept ford Frigatt in our time of need, when 
o"^ Coast has been Infested w"' French Privateers./ 

And we crave leave in all humble & Dutiful manner to 
offer to yo*" Sacred Ma*y the following reasons, Why we 
cannot Answer Yo'" Ma*^* Expectation of building a Fort at 
Pemaquid, The Contributing tow^^ the charge of the Fort at 
Piscataq : River, & the Setling of fixed Salaries for the 
Gov*" & L* Governour. 

As to the building of a Fort at Pemaquid. The Expence 
already Made on o*" Fortresses, Garrisons, Marches & Guards 
by Sea, Am° to more than Eighty Thousand pounds, a very 
great p' whereof is in arrear & unpaid, Besides the daily 
growing charge for our necessary Defence & prosecution of 
the War is become almost insupportable, and has brought us 
under very distressing Circumstances & were the building & 
support of a Fort at Pemaquid Super added thereto. It would 
render the charge far beyond our Ability, And we humbly 
conceive would be no Security to o** Frontiers or bridle to 
the Indians, the Situation thereof being so much out of their 
ordinary Rhode, and Upw*^ of One hundred Miles distant 
from any p^ of this Province at present Inhabited by the 
English & of little or no Advantage to this Province, Altho 
the Expence in building & Supporting of tlie late Fort at 
Pemaquid cost not less than Twenty Thous^ pounds, w*^^ was 
not lost by any Neglect in the Governm^ It being fully Sup- 
plyed for the Support & defence thereof ; but by the Cow- 



200 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ardize or Treachery of the then Commanding OfiBcer upon 
the place, who received his Tryal, but was Acquitted. - 

The small Fortification w*'^ was built at Casco Bay onely 
for a Cover for a Trading house in a time of peace, is since 
the War made a considerable Fort, and is likely to be as 
great a charge to Support the same, as that of Pemaquid ; 
and for our present Security, and future Settem* of Planta- 
tions in this Province, will be of greater Advantage. 

As to the Contributing tow^^ the charge of Piscataq 
Fort — The Fort in that Province was built many years 
past, when it was neither desired or thought necessary that 
this province should assist therein ; And the Navigation and 
Trade of this Province comeing down Piscataq. River have 
been and are charg'^ w*^ a Considerable Duty tow'^ their Sup- 
port, And this Province has Afforded such Guards as were 
needful for their hailing of Masts, Timber &c. for yo' 
Ma*P Service, whilst the principal benefit and Advantage of 
that Trade has accrued to that Province. And they have 
never contributed any thing to the charge of o! Forces, 
Forts, Garrisons or Guards by Sea that are as great a Safety 
& defence to them as to our selves. And y? publick charge 
of that Governm* has been much less in proportion than the 
charge of this./ 

As to the Setling of fixed Salaries./ 
Whereas it is the Native right & priviledge of English 
Subjects by Consent of Parliam* from time to time to rayse 
& dispose Such Sum & Sums of money as the present Exe- 
gency of Affairs call for. The w''^ priviledge we Yo^ Ma*^*. 
Loyal & Dutiful Subjects humbly crave leave to plead our 
right unto, not onely as Subjects of y® Crown of England, 
but also as priviledged by the Royal Charter granted to this 
Province by their late Ma'y^ King William & Queen Mary of 
blessed Memory ; which we have hitherto happily enjoyed 
under Your sacred Mat^ And we humbly hope & pray will 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 201 

be continued to us and our Posterity. And iis hitherto We 
have not been wanting in our Loyalty tow*^^ your Ma^^ & 
Support to our Govern']* so we hope for the future Alway's 
to be found in the Discharge of Incumbent Duty's./ 

May, what we have herein humbly Offered be favour- 
ably Interpreted & Accepted by the Parental Indulgence of 
Yo"^ most Gracious Majesty. And may the same propitious 
Providence which hath hitherto preserved Your Majesty's 
Sacred person, Still defend and prolong your happy Reign, 
and prosper yo^ Auspicious Armes in the just War wherein 
yo"" Majesty is engaged. ~ 

Is and shall be the Constant and 
fervent prayers of 

Mad°» Yo": Ma^ys 

Loyal & Dutiful subj*^* 
& Suppliants./ 

End :) New England 

Copy of the Address of the Assembly of New Eng- 
land to Her Majesty setting forth their Reasons for 
not complying with her Commands for building a 
Fort at Pemaquid ^c — and for setling a Sal- 
ary on the G-ov^. and Lieut Grov^ / 

referred to in Col. Dudley's 

ire of 3 NovK last. 



Petition of the Town of Wells. 

Wells OctobL 24th 1704. 
To His Excellency the Govern' , Her Majesties Hon- 



202 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Q^pbie Council, & y® Hon*''® House of Representatives ; In 

Gen' Court Assembled : 

At Boston of y® Massachesets. 

The Humble Petition of y? : Town of Wells, in y® County 
of Yorke. 

May it please your ExcelP^ yo"" Honours, & 
y® Hon^'® House of Representatives, It hath seemed good, 
to this great & general Assembly, to lay on us, as our part 
of three several Taxes, y® Sum of 80'* = 30' whereof was 
required just upon the bloudy desolation w*^*^ it pleased God, 
in his soveraignty to make on our Town by y* Eastern 
Enemie last year in w*^*^ many of our inhabitants ( & they 
such as were wont to bear a great part of our publick 
charges ) were either murthered or taken captives ; their 
Houses burnt, & goods spoiled. besids diverse others, 
escapmg w'^'^ only their cloaths on their backs. So that we, 
who are y** Frontier wing of y® Body of Frontier Towns, 
are most of all impoverished & diminished, more then a 
third part of our number are, one way or other, gone from 
us : & a great part of us who are left, being destitute of 
imployment & income are so exceeding poor, that if y® Con- 
stable, who hath allready used all means more gentle, should 
execute y'^ law in severity, he must take their bodys. Our 
straights are every way inlarged ; What we did formerly 
allow to our Minister w*'^ at best was but a slender main- 
tainance, we are not able now to make good & if Country 
rates be exacted, we have reason to fear, that do what we 
can, our Minister will be constrained to leave us ; he having 
allready removed his family, for want of a convenient dwell- 
ing place ; his house being only raised & partly inclosed 
before y® present warr began ; which to finish, will be impos- 
sible for us, if that little w*^^ ( thanks be to God ) is left us, 
should be taken from us : while we hold our lives in our 
hands, w*^^ w^** we should labour in improving our lands ; 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 203 

which also, excepting what are near adjoiiig to our Garrisons, 
lye wast : in somuch that what we do or can improve, will 
come farr short of finding us Bread corn. Moreover, instead 
of adding to that little w*^^ y® former warr had left us ; we 
did, in y* short time of peacable intermission, lay out what 
might be spared from our backs & mouths,. in building a 
meeting House, & rebuilding our old wast places, & setling 
new ones, as also in erecting mills, w*^'* are now, before they 
could in any measure repay our disbursements, useless & 
unproffitable. 

May it therefore please this Honour^'® Assembly to 
comiserate y^ distressed condition of your impoverished & 
exposed Petitioners ; groaning under many heavy burdens, 
enough to sink us if now we fail of relief ; & to remit our 
above mentioned Taxes, excepting what is granted out of 
them, to our Minister. Thus humbly praying that y® most 
fav'^able construction may be made of our bold importunity, 
& what ever else may be found amiss therein ; while we 
have not exceeded, but come very short in representing 
y® hard circumstances of our present calamity ; we must 
leave our verry sad case to y® all disposing influences of a 
gracious God, who knows y® depths of our Straights ; and 
can move Your Excellency's & Honour's bowels of compas- 
sion towards your DutifuU Servants ; who shall ever pray &c 

John Wheelwright 

Joseph Storer 

Joseph Hill 

Jonan Hainond 

Josiah Littlefield 

Thomas Baston 

Saml Hatch 

In behalf of y« Town of Wells. 
In Council. 
Oct£. ult. 1704. ~ 

Read and sent down. - 



204 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Nov:'' 1:"'° Read In the House of Representatives. 
Nov^ 9, 1704. Considering the losses & Calamitys of the 
Town of Wells, Ordered That forty Pounds be abated them 
of the Eighty Pounds levyed on that Town last year; 
Sent up for Concurrence. 

Jam^ Converse Speaker. 
NovT lO'h 1704. 

In Council 
Read and not concurr'd 

Is^ Addington Secry. 



Petitio7i of Inhabitants of the Town of York. Nov, 1, 170 If. 

To His Excellency Joseph Dudley Esq' Captain 
Generall, and Governour in Chief, of Her Maj''®^ 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay. h^^ and the 
Honorable the Councill and Representatives in Gen- 
erall Court Assembled 
The Petition of The Inhabitants of the Town of York 
Most humbly Sheweth 

That Your Petitioners, being one of the Frontiers of 
this Province, and as much as any Exposed to the bloody 
Impressions, of the barbarous Salvages, are so far Pre- 
vented and Restramed following their Labour, for their 
Support and a Livelyhood, that for the year past they have 
not been able to Raise a tenth part of the bread= corn 
necessary for their Subsistence, and are Required notwith- 
standing not to Qvitt, but Maintain their Post, And fur- 
thermore are Assessed in the last Year the Sum of Eighty 
Pounds by this Honourable Court. 

Your Petitioners do therefore most humbly and 
earnestly Pray this Honourable Court, to take 



OF THE STATE OF iLf^INE 205 

^ H rrn 4 their Distressed Condition, into your Serious 
Nov: 1: 1704 '' 

and Compassionate Consideration, and if noth- 
ing may be Allowed from the Publick for their 
Support yet that the s^ assessment may be 
abated and not Exacted of them, Or at least 
that they may have Permission to Remove from 
their hazardous Post, without forfeiting their 
Interests there, and Seek their Safety and Sup- 
port in such other Parts of this Province as 
they shall be Dii-ected to. 

And your Petitioners sliall 
as in duty bound Ever Pray 
Lewis Bane representitife for York 

Nov"" 1:™° Read. 

In the House of Representatives 

Nov'- 9: 1704. 

Considering the Distressed Circumstances 

of the Petitioners. 
Resolved that the one halfe of their 

Rate be abated : 

Sent up for Concurrence, Jam? Converse Speaker. 

Nov^ 10^? 1704. In Council 
Read and not concurr* 

Is* Addington Secry. 



Petition of TP'^ Briar 1704 

To his Excellency Joseph Dudley Esq'' 
Capt General and Governo"^ in Chief in and over her 
jyjj^jties Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New England. 
And To the Hono^'" her Maj^'^^ Council and House of 



206 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Representatives now in General Assembly sitting in Boston 
Novemb"^ O*"^ 1704 ~ 

The Humble Petition of William Briar 
Humbly Sheweth 

That yo"" Petitioner has a Lease of the 
Ferry at Kittery in the County of York by which Lease he 
is bound And has Covenanted to keep the s'^ fferry in good 
repair and to give Constant attendance there as also to pay 
the sum of Ten pounds g annum Rent for the same. 

Now so it is may it please yo' Excellency and Honours 
and the rest of this great and General Assembly, That the 
far greatest part of yo'' Petitioners Imployment at the s'^ 
fferry is the Transporting and carrying over Soldiers and 
their Horses for the Publick Service, ( the other business 
being very inconsiderable ) and yo"" Petitioner has Receipts 
to shew from the several Captains & Commanders of Com- 
panies &ca for such service amounting to the sum of about 
Eight pounds. And if the fferriage will not be allowed him 
for such persons as are fferryed over upon the public Account 
It will be the utter mine and undoing of yo'' poor Petitioner 
who hath yet six years to come in his Lease. 

Yo'' Petitioner therefore humbly Prays this great and 
General Assembly will be pleased to take the prem- 
ises into their pious and Charitable Consideration, and 
be pleased to allow him for such service so much as 
in their Wisdom and Justice they shall see meet. 

And yo'" Petitioner ( as in duty bound ) shall 
ever pray &c 

William Briar 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 207 

Resolve 

In the House of Representatives 
NovL 10: 1704 

Resolved That the sum of Four Pounds be Allowed 
and Paid out of the publick Treasury to William Briar the 
Petitioner in full for his service done for the Publick to this 
time, and for the future halfe ferryage during the Continu- 
ance of the present War or untill this Court shall order 
otherwise. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

Jam* Converse Speaker 

In Council 
Nov' IS*** 1704 Read and concurr'd 

Is* Addington, Secfy. 



Petition of the Selectmen of Kittery. Nov. £9, 170 If. 

To His Excellency Joseph Dudley Esq"^ Cap' Gen" & Gov- 
ernL in Chief in and over her Ma** Prouince of y^ Massachu- 
setts Bay &ca together with y" Hon'''^ y® Councill and 
memb" of y® house of Representatives in Gen" Court 
Assembled 

The Petition of y^ Selectmen of y* town of Kittery in behalf 
of their s'' Town humbly Sheweth, that whereas at y*' Gen" 
Assembly in INIay Last there was a Tax Set upon s** town of 
one hundred pounds in money which tax wee have Assessed 
on y* Several Inhabitants of our s*^ town but have not as yet 
Comitted it to y^ Constables According to our warra* from 
M"' Treasurer but by reason of y*' Discouragem*^ wee have 
from our Last years Constables wee were first willing to lay 
our Circumstances before this Hon^^^ Bord, they Informe us 



208 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

that they have used all means according to y^ directions in 
their warra* to gether in y® last years tax of one hundred & 
sixty pounds in Mony but find y® People utterly unable to 
pay it in mony they have offered their goods & chattels at 
an outcry According to y® Direction in y^ Treasurers warra' 
but find none of Abillity to buy, wee doe therefore humbly 
hope that y'^ Ex.'^y and y® Plon^'^* memb" of this Assembly 
will take y"" Premises into y® Serious Consideracon and in y'' 
wisdom See Cause to make Some Considerable abatem* of 
our s'^ taxes or at least to ordL y*' paym* thereof in Some 
other Specie Considering y* Seat of warr is with us and y^ 
Burden Exceeding heavie upon us A poor Scattering people 
Nessessitated to watch ward Scout build Garrisons & forti- 
fications & y® one half of us to be furnished with Snow shoos 
& Mogginsons and All at our own Charge and at Every 
Rumour or Alarum driven from our Imploym* whereby wee 
might get mony to answL our Publick charges, we shall not 
at p'^sent Mention any more of our many Impoverishing Cir- 
cumstances, but Expect and wait y^ favourable Answ' wee 
Subscribe Yo' Excellencys & Hono" Most Humble & obedi- 
ent Servants 
Kittery Novemb' y« 29^^ 1704. 

W™ Pepperrell 
John Shapleigh 
JohnLeighton '|> Selectmen 

John Hill I o^ 

Charles ffrost J Kittery 

Dec' 28^ 1704. 

Read in Council 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 209 

" His Excellency's Speech Decern^ 27: 1704 " 

" Gentlemen, 

Since I parted from you in your Last Session I have 
persued your advice referring to the WaiT and the Number 
of men in the several parts as near as possible, so as in the 
whole they are below the Numbers you advised mee, which 
I was the rather Inclined unto supposing as it has hapned 
that the Last two months being neither propper for a sumer 
nor a winters March, we might have Less Expectation of the 
Enemy, but the winter being now Confirmed we must Expect 
to see them both in Yorkshire & west Hampshire, of this 
Last we are already advised that the Enemy Intends an 
Early Winters March & the same is Justly to be Expected 
in the Eastern parts & nothing will prevent their Incursions 
so much as to let their own scouts find us in a readiness for 
them which I shall not Necglect & hope the Militia Every- 
where will be ready to prevent an oppression in the fronteirs." 

" I am also Comanded by the Right Honorable llie 
Lords Commissioners of Trade & plantations to acquaint you 
that they are sorry for the refractory temper of the assembly 
referring to lier Majestyes Comands for the rebuilding of 
peraaquid, and that yor address in Excuse thereof did not 
reach so farr as that board and so Came not to her Majesty 
& that it is very Unfit that Asseiublyes should make repre- 
sentation to her Majesty without the Consent «& knowledge 
of her Majestyes Governour." 



Berwick in the Province of Mayne 
15th Yii\fy 1705/6 
May it please yo\ Lordships/ 

Wee the Subscribers being principaly Concern'd in 
provideing Masts For the Supply of her Maj**^^ Navy should 

14 



210 DOCUAIENTAHY HISTORY 

be wanting to our Selves & our Duty to his Excellency Col 
Dudley our Governour if wee should not accquaint yo"^ Lord- 
ships that Notw'^standing the heavy warr that is upon us by 
the French & Indians, Such has been the Care & Conduct of 
the Governour that the Indians in all the parts near us are 
beaten & burnt out of their Forts & their hunting & Fishmg 
destroyed to that degree that the husbandly & masting of 
this Province is Secured & proceeds to as good Effect as in 
time of peace & wee have at no time desired Guards for the 
labourers Ab* the Masts nor Garrisons for the husbandly but 
the Governour has Imediately taken care therein & more 
often prevented us in our demands than Otherwise so as the 
Province has been better defended than in any our troubles 
heretofore. Wee humbly thank yoT Lordships care for us, 
& heartily pray for her Majesties health & continued Suc- 
cesses & the Continuance of Col: Dudley's Goverment over 
us Wee are 

Yo^ Lordships most obedient & faithful ser*^ 
Ichabod Roisted 
Winthrop Hilton 
Richard Hilton 
Ezek: Wenteworth 
Isa" Chesley 
Philipe Chesley. 

End : ) To the Right HoiV'.'^ the Lords 

Comissioners of trade Sf 
Plantations Humbly P^?^ 

Whitehall 

Massachusets 

Letter from the Gentlemen concerned m 
providing Masts to the Board, relating 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 211 



to the Care of Col : Dudley for promoting 
that work. Dated 15 Feb: 1705/6 

referred to in Col Dudleys 
Lre of 1. Fcb'-y 1705/6. 



A Memoriall 

That whereas the French inhabiting Canada are endeav- 
ouring Might & Maine to gain over to their Religion & 
Intrest all the Indians at Canada & places adjacent the East- 
ern Rebells & those inhabiting about Missipa Ruio & on the 
backside of Carolina Virginia Pensilvania, Jerzey, New 
Yorke & part of the Maque's It may be considerd the danger 
those Plantations w*!" the Massathuset & New hampshire will 
be in, when they have brought that to pass their Barbarities 
& makeing our people Slaves to the Heathen Shew what wee 
may expect from them in time to come. 

For Preventing whereof &i as an adition to and advantage 
of the Crown of England itt will be highly necessary that 
Canada be reduced to the Crown of England, 

And whereas Nova Scotia & Canada did formerly belong 
to the Crown of England (being contained w*'' in the Lati- 
tude of 40, or 43 degrees of North Latitude by King James 
the 1'?'^ to the Counsell of Plymouth ) & given by King James 
the If to S^ W".' Alexander in the Year 1621, who sent a 
Colony thither in 1622 (See Mordens Geography) but it is 
said that S^ Will Alexander sold it to the French, And 
suposing it once belonged to the (*ro\vn a Subject coukl not 
dispose of y" Royalty & Governm^ if he could the Soyl. - 

It is a Country proper for the produceing Naval Stores 
there being a great quantity of Mast Trees, white & other 
Oak Pine Spruce Firr & other Sorts of Wood for the Fire 



212 DOCUMENT ABY HISTORY 

& the Land is suposed to be propper for Hemp & good hemp 
has been produced there by the inhabitants for their Use & 
a great Quantity of Pitch Tarr Rosen & Turpentine may be 
produced there.- 

It is a healthfull place lyeing in y*' Latitude of about 43 & 
as good a place for fishing as any in y* world & provisions of 
all Sorts may be raised there for thousands of Famileys the 
meadows bear as good Wheat as any in America it is Stored 
w* many good Harbours where good Towns & Villiages may 
be erected there is alsoe Store of Sea Coale 

If Her Majy the Parliam? of England and the Gentlemen 
ComissI? for providing Stores for the Navy were Sensible of 
the great advantage it would be to the Crown to take & 
Settle Nova Scotia & Canada with a Colony of Suitable peo- 
ple whose bussines should be to provide Stores it is not 
doubted but the Navy of England Might in a Little time be 
Suplyd with Considerable Stores from thence on reasonable 
Termes & spare the Vast quantitys of ready money w*'? they 
are now forc'd to disburse to Foreigners for the Supply of 
Her Majys Navy. 

And it is proposed that whoever comes to Settle the 
Countrey there Shall be a Saveing to all or any of her 
Maj*-^'* Subjects to have a free Liberty of fishing on those 
Coasts, Harbours, Bays, Creeks & Shoars as there may be 
need. 

Port Royall is to these Northern Plantations as Dun Kirke 
to England a Den of Privateers. 

S^ Hum : Gilbert was Sent out w^^ a Ship upon Discovery 
where he went to the River of S^ Laurence in Canada there 
he tooke Possession of the Same for Queen Elizabeth & 
Setled a Fishery there Anno 1583 Vide S^ John Norbouro's 
Journall into the South Seas through ye Streights of 
Magelane. 

Sea Coal is not known to be in any part of her Maj^^ Domin- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 213 

ions in America bnt only in Nova Scotia & the wood is soe 
much consumed in New Enghmd that it is feard in a few 
years they will not be able to subsist with out Sea Coale for 
their fireing And the French will not even in Peace permitt 
the English to get Sea Coale there but have in such Case 
formerly taken their Vessells that went for that purpose. ~ 
From Colt : John Higginson 
of New England 

End:') New England 

A Memorial from New=^Enc/ld, relating 
to the French Settlements in 

Canada ~ 

Reed: from ST Stephen Evans 



Petition of Arthur Beat 1705. 

To his Excellency Joseph Dudley 
Esq' Cap' General and Governo' in 
Chief in and over his Maj"^^ provinces 
of the Massachusetts Bay &c in New 
England To the Hono^^« her Maj''^" 
Council and House of Representatives 
now in General Court convened in and 
for said Province, May 30'^ 1705. 
The Humble Petition of Arthur Beal 
Sheweth 

That yo"" Poor Petitioner is one of the Ferrymen 
at Yorke and now in this time of Warr there are very few 
Passengers, indeed almost none at all who Travel that way, 
besides the Soldiers Imployed in her Maj'^''^'' Service, which 
by Law are to be Transported fferryage free, which may be 



214 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

no great prejudice to those fferryes which are not exposed, 
but as to those fferryes which are in ffrontier pLaces, and 
especially this at Yorke Yo'' Poor Petitioner humbly hopes 
yo'' Excellency & Hono''* will please to Consider the great 
hardship they lye under yo"" poor Petitioner being obliged to 
Maintain a Boat & give his attendance, tho he have no other 
business but what is upon the public Account ; An account 
of what service he has done he has sent by Cap* Bean, and 
to Cap' Gooch but never had any allowance, which if it be 
not granted to him he cannot possibly Subsist. 

Yo"" Petitioner Tlierefore humbly prays yo'^ Excel- 
lency and Hono" to take the premises into yo"^ pious 
& Charitable Consideration, and to grant him such 
allowance for his past, and future service as to yo'' 
Excellency & Hono" in yo'' Wisdom & Justice 
shall seem meet. 

And yo"" Petitioner ( as in duty bound ) 
shall pray &o 

Arthur Beal 
June 8: 1705 Read. 



Resolve. 

In the House of Representatives 
June 9th 1705 

In Answer to the Petition on the other side 
Resolved That the sum of five Pounds be 
Allowed and Paid out of the public Treasury to Arthur 
Beale the Petitioner in full for ferryage ( as mentioned on 
the other side ) to this day. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

Thomas Oakes Speaker 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 215 

June 12^'^ 1705 

Read and Concurr'd. And 
That the Commissary General 
take in the Acco" pay 
the sum allow'^ and bring 
the paym^ to acco" in 
his books. 

Is'^ Addington, Secry./. 



Petition of Lewis Bane (f Joseph Hill. 

To His Excellency Joseph Dudley Esq"^ Capt. 
General and Governor in Chief in & over her Maj^'** 
Province of the Massachusetts-bay in New England 
To the Hono^^'' her Maj^'^^ Council and House of 
Representatives now in General Court Assembled 
in and for s*^ Province 
May 30th 1705. 

The humble Petition of Lewis Bane & Joseph Hill 
Representatives for the Towns of York & Wells in 
behalf of themselves and the Rest of the Inhabitants 
of y^ Province of Main 
Sheweth That the Inhabitants of the s*^ Province have been 
extreamly harrassed during the last long Warr with the 
Indians insomuch That they were forced to break up and 
betake themselves to Garrison, and when the peace was con- 
cluded every one being willing to go and make the best 
Improvement they could of their Estates and laid out Avhat 
they had, and what they could borrow to furnish themselves 
with Cattel & other Stock for which several of them are 
still in debt having not been able duiing this short peace to 



216 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

recover their ffortiines. And now ( may it please yo'' Excel- 
lency and Hono''^) they have been ever since the begining of 
this Warr, and still are Exposed to the Incursions, and their 
Cattel to tlie Depredations of the Barbarous Enemy : many 
whereof have been found killed by them & many more miss- 
ing. And because of their being continually in such Danger 
they are forced to live in Garrison and cannot Improve their 
Estates. Insomuch That they are thereby reduced to very 
unhappy Circumstances and will be very shortly constrained 
to desert the province, if they have not some ease given 
them & favour sliewn them by this great & General Assem- 
bly. And there being now Two years Taxes due from the 
Province which they are in no ways able to pay, on the con- 
trary are not able to support their ffamilies, especially those 
who are fforced to leave their Houses, and Lands and to live 
in Garrison houses where they are ordered to go, & where 
they guard the Owners of such Houses Estates their own in 
the mean time going to mine & they themselves ready to 
Perish through want if some redress be not made therein. 
Yo' Petitioners therefore humbly pray 
This great and Hono^^® Assembly would 
please to take the premises into their 
pious and Charitable Consideration and 
in regard of their great Poverty would 
be pleased to Remit them their Taxes, 
and be pleased to Order That those persons 
who are forced to go to Garrison Houses 
& so cannot Improve their own Estates 
during the Warr be allowed some liberty 
and priviledge for pasture and planting 
in the grounds belonging to such Houses 
for their necessary support, As to Yo' 
ExcelP^ and Hono'"^ in yo' Wisdom shall 
seem meet. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 217 

And yo"" Petitioners ( as in 
duty bound ) shall ever pray &c 
Lewis Bane 
Joseph Hill 

June 19th 1705 read & 

Resolved that the arrearages of Taxes due from y* 
Townes of Yorke & Wells be Remitted to them & 
that they be not rated in y® p^'sent Tax. 

Sent up for Concurrence. 

Thomas Oakes Speaker 
And further Resolved that his Ex*^y the Governo'^ and 
Councill be desired to take Care and order that where 
p'"sons are forced from theire own Liveings into Gar- 
risons, Those who have theire Lands and Estates by 
them preserved Do Suffer such as theire Defence as 
aforesaid to take up and Improve some part of theire 
Lands for to produce some small help and Releife to 
them and theire families as some times since they 
have done. 

Thomas Oakes Speaker 

In Council 

June 26? 1705. 

This Second Resolve was read and 

Concurr'd 

Is^ Addington Seciy 



''His Excellency'' s Speech May 3P^ 1705 

Gentlemen 
We have pass'' through the Winter w"' very little or no 
Mischief from the Enemy, which is first to be attributed to 



218 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the good providence of Almighty God, and next to the very 
great readiness of the Forces in the Frontiers to undergoe 
the most difficult and hard marches which the Enemy are 
Sensible of, so that I have given them no rest in their Quar- 
ters, within two hundred miles of any of our Eastern Settle- 
ments. 

And I must Acquaint you. That having had good Inform- 
ation of the Incapacity of the Enemy to make any Strong 
Incurtions upon us for some months past to save the exces- 
sive charges, I have reduced the standing Forces in the 
Eastern & Western parts to very small numbers, but am 
now Inform*^ of the Enemy^ preparation with greater num- 
bers than at any time heretofore to Trouble us in the Several 
parts, which will necessitate me to augment the Standing- 
Garrisons, as well as to have a greater body at a short warn- 
ing ~ to march for a releif — 

I have also Letters referring to the prisoners in the 
Enemys hands from Mons'^ Voudril Governour of Quebeck 
and Messingers comeing with my own to Settle that matf 
which I shall communicate to you ": — 

"Cap* Redknap, Her Ma*y* Engineer has lately viewed the 
ground at Winter harbour for the raising the Fortification 
intended there, and I shall proceed in it as the pressing 
Affairs of the War will Allow me agreeable to the desire of 
the last Assembly, and shall then draw off the Garrison from 
Saco." 



Isles of SlioaU — Petition. 

May it please yo' Excellency 

We humbly acknowledge ourselves greatly oblidged 
to y"' Excellencie for y* respect you have for us & for y® 
Care you take concerning us in our low condition. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 219 

Your Excellencie we understand is not insensable how we lye 
expos'd to y® enemy, & how few of us y'' are to withstand y"' 
if it should please God to permit y'" to come w''" we justly 
deserve. Yo"^ Excellencie likewise is not unacquainted w*^ 
Great losses we have by y^ providence of God met withall 
w'^by we are reduced to y* poverty y* we are not able to hire 
help but notwithstanding our low estate we are in no small 
degree revived at your Excellencies kind offer to send us 
some help provided y* we will but give y"^ y"" diet w*^'^ we are 
for y** general! ity of us readily willing to do & should own 
ourselves indebted to yo'^ Excellency y" for. As to y*" num- 
ber of men we leave it to your Excellencies discression tho 
we are not well able to diet above ten or twelve w*^** number 
will be a great safe guard unto us. Thus with our earnest 
prayers to heaven for your Excellencies prosperity & comfort 
in all your affairs w^e Subscribe ourselves yo"" Excellencies 
Most 

Humble Serv'^ & 
Dutifull Subjects 

James Blackdon 

Thomas : dimond 

Richard Gumer 

John I F Frost 

John MoaChamor 

Elishu Kelly 

Thomas Manerin 

^„ .,1-1 John frost 

[Superscribed J 

To his Excellencie 
Joseph Dudley EsqL 
Gov"' &c 
Now in Portsm^— 



220 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Isles of Shoals — Petition. 

To his ExcelP"^ the Gov^ the Hon^^" The Councill & 
Representatives of her Maj'^^ Province of y® Massachusets 
Bay in New England now convened in Gen^ Assembly 

The Humble Petition of Danl^ Greenleaf in y^ name & 
behalf, & At y** Desire of y"* poor Inhabitants of y*" lies of 
Sholes. 

Sheweth That it hath pleased Almighty God the last 

winter by the breaking in of y® Sea upon y*^ lies of Sholes to 
dispoile y® s** Inhabitants of almost y^' whole substance : w'by 
they are reduced to the last degree of Poverty, & utter 
insufficiency to support, & uphold, y^ Ministry Among y™ 
who have hitherto incoiiraged y* good work according to y"^ 
Capacity with chearf ullness & without regrett or complaining. 

That y® s'* Inhabitants are very desireous to enjoy the 
Gospell, & means of y^ Salvation still amongst y"^ & would 
as heretofore y^ have done maintain & encourage any Serv*^ 
of y® lord whom he should please to encline to come over & 
help y™ without asking y® help of y® province, if y® unhappy- 
ness before exprest had not befallen y™ But by reason of 
y"" Inability y® s*^ Inhabitants are under a necessity of adress- 
ing yo'' Excel^?® & y'' Hon''^^ Court for help & relief. 

Wherefore yo^' humble petitioner in y^ Name of y® s*^ 
inhabitants humbly beseeches yo"^ ExceP'® & y*^ great & 
Hon''^^ Court to take into yo'' pious Consideration y® State of 
y® s*^ poor Inhabitants & make such sutable provission, & 
grant such supply as that they may yet enjoy y** Gospell 
among y"* And yo' Humble Petitioner with y^ s'^ Inhabitants 
of y" lies of Sholes as in duty bound shall ever pray y' yo^' 
ExcelP'*^ & y* Hon^^^ Court may be so directed & assisted by 
God in all your undertakings as y* all may be done to his 
Glory &c 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 221 

June 6? 1705 In Council 
Presented by m'' Greenleafe 
Read and sent down. 

In the House of Representatives 
June 6th 1705. Read. 

In the House of Representatives 
June 8: 1705. In answer to the Petition on y* 
other side. 

Considering the Greater Part of the Inhabitants of the 
Isles of Shoales, belong to the Province of New Hamp- 
shire, Resolved That if the s'' Province Pay the sum of 
Six Pounds at least for the Support of the Minister at the 
s^ Isles this present yeare, That then there be Allowed 
and Paid, out of the publick Treasury of this Province, 
for the Use afores^ the sum of fourteen Pounds. 
Sent up for Concurrence. 

Thomas Oakes Speaker 

Die pdict In Council 

Read and Concurr'd 

Is?' Addington SecTy 



Abatement of Tax to York and Wells. 

June 27, 1705. In Council 

Upon Consideration of the Loss of Estates and Per- 
sons by the War in the Frontier Towns of Yorke and 
Wells, on which Account principally the said Towns 
are fain in arrear of the late Publick Taxes, That is 
to Say, Yorke one hundred pounds & Wells Eighty 
pounds 



222 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Ordered 

That there be abated to yorke, Thirty pounds of their 
said Arrearages, and to Wells Twenty pounds of 
theirs; And the Selectmen or Assessors of the said 
Towns respectively are hereby Directed and Impowred 
forthwith to Assess and apportion the full remainder 
of the said Arrearages upon Polls, and Estates, in 
Improvement within the said several Towns, accord- 
ing to the Rules set for the rayseing of the said 
Taxes ; And make Return of the Lists thereof to the 
Province Treasurer ; who is thereupon hereby 
Directed and Impowred to make out his Warrants to 
the Constables of the s'} Towns to Collect the same 
accordingly, to be paid into the Treasury by two equal 
payments, Viz* the first at or before the first of 
November next, and the other halfe at or before the 
first of Novembl' 1706, with Order to discount out of 
the first part on the Polls, five Shillings to Each per- 
son that are furnished w*'* good Snow Shoes and 
Mogginsons, Pursuant to the Act of Government, 
which amounts to ffive pounds in tlie Towne of 
Yorke, and Three pounds fifteen Shillings in Wells ; 
So that there will remain further of the Town of 
York^ Quota Sixty five Pounds,- And of the Quota 
for Wells ffifty six pounds five shillings. 

And the Governour by and with the Advice 
and Consent of the Council, is hereby Impowred to 
Issue forth Warrants to the Treasurer to pay to the 
Ministers for tlie time being, of the said two Towns 
respectively, for their Support and Service there, 
towards their Salary from the Towns, the aforesaid 
sums of Sixty five pounds and ffifty six pounds five 
shillings ; Tlie s'^ Towns to make good the remainder 
to their Ministers. ~ 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 223 

On performance whereof the said Towns of 
Yorke and Wells are discharged of their said Arrear- 
ages and not otherwise. - 
Sent down for Concurrance. - 

Isi Addington Secfy. 
In the House of Representatives June 27: 1705 
Read &> Concurr'd 

Thomas Oakes Speaker. 



" June ult. 1705 Kittery Abatement ". 

June 29th: 1705 

Resolved That the Sum of Thirty eight Pounds be 
Abated to the Poor of the Town of Kittery, according 
to the Disposition of the Select men, & Representative 
of s'.' Town, they being most capable, to relieve Such as 
they know have met with most Suffering by the 
Heathen / 

Sent up for Concurrence. 

30th The s'^ Resolve sent down from the Board Con- 
curr'd Provided that the names of the persons, & 
sums respectively abated to them, be by the Select 
men and Representative laid before this Court at 
their next Session. 

which was Agreed by the House. 



Anno Regni Annae Reginae Quarto. 

At a Great and General Court or Assembly for Her Ma'^y^ 
Province of the Massach*!^^ Bay in New England begun 



224 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and held at Boston upon Wednesday the 30th of May 
1705. bemg Convened by her Ma*y' Writts 
Saturday 
June 30th 1705./. In Council 

The following Resolve pass'd in the House 
of Representatives upon the Petition of the 
Representative of Kittery for Abatement of 
the Arrearages of their Taxes, was sent up, 
Viz* 
Resolved, That the Sum of Thirty eight pounds be 
Abated to the poor of the Town of Kittery, according 
to the Disposition of y^ Select men and Representa- 
tive of s^ Town, they being most capable to releive 
Such as they know have met with most sufferings by 
the heathen- 

Which Resolve being read at the Board, was 
Concurr'd with Provided, That the names of the 
p'sons & Sums respectively Abated to them, be by 
the Select men & Representative laid before this 
Court at their next Session, 

Which was Agreed to by y® Rep''sentatives. 
Consented to, 

J: Dudley 

Copy of the Record 

Examin? g Is? Addington Secry 



Message to the Groverrior 

In the House of Representatives 
Sep'- 6"' 1705. 

Ordered That the following Message be Sent up to 
the Board in answer to His Excellencys Speech at the open- 
insf of this Court viz' 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 225 

That referring to Her Maj'^'*'® Couiand for Rebuilding 
of Peraaquid Fort, This Court at their Session in february 
last made their Humble Addresse to Her Majesty, which was 
since the Date of her Last Letter And We hope when it 
Arrives to Her Maj*'®^ Sight, will be graciously Accepted 

And as to the other Two Articles of Contributing to 
the charge of Piscataqua fort, and Setling of Salaries. They 
are matters of so great Consequence, That Wee Desire, They 
may be Debated and Answered by a full House, which at 
present there is not." 



Grovernor's Speech Sejpteiri^ 5 1705 

Gentlemen 
— " upon y^ Receipt of Her Majesties gracious Letters 
which I have now to lay before you I Judge y** present Ses- 
sion absolutely necessary. That you may not want an oppor- 
tunity early to shew y'' Obedience, «&; I may have y® 
satisfaction to represent It, Her Majestys Comands contained 
In these Letters are not new, but such as I brought with me 
at my arrivall & have smce been renewed by Her Maj"*'^ 
most gracious Letters at all times, y** Articles are y* rebuild- 
ing Pemaquid, The Assistance of y^ Fortifications at Piscat- 
aqua River, and y'' Setling of Salarys for y" Support of Her 
Maj"®^ Governour & Lieutenant Governour"- 

" Gentlemen of y*" Representatives 

Your Journall will acquaint y*' proceedings of your 
house as well as of y" Councill In y'' Aifair of Pemaquid - 

That y" Coinitte of y" Assembly of both houses 
vpon view of y'' Ruines when they attended me the Three 
years since, represented y" benefit of restoring That impor- 
tant place & y*^ Councell from time to time accepted That 
return so y* our neglect of her Maj**'* Comands In y* Article 
rested at y'' Door " - 

15 



226 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

" Her Maj*5' has graciously Comanded mee to Rep- 
resent to the Assembly their great neglect of their Duty to 
Her Maj^y & then- own security In this ocasion & y* you do 
forthwith apply yourselves to y® rebuilding y" fort at Pema- 
quid, & to contribute towards y*" charge of y" fort at Piscata- 
qua & to the settling of Salarys vpon her Maj'^* Govern'^ & 
Lieu* Govern'' — 

And y* y"" neglect of these Comands will shew this Assem- 
bly undeserving of Her Maj*y* royall favour & bounty towards 
them." 



Answer to the G-overnor s Speech September 5, 1705 

In the House of Representatives 
Septem' W"^ 1705. 
May It please Your Excellency 

In Answer to those Articles of Your Excellency* 

Speech at the Opening of this Session, referring to Her 

Majesties Directions for the Building of a ffort at Pema- 

quid, Contributing to the charge of the ffort at Piscataqua 

& Setling of Salaries, We crave leave to Offer 

Imprim:* As to the Building of a ffort at Pemaquid, We 

are humbly of Opinion, that Her Majesty, hath received 

Misrepresentations, concerning the Necessity and Usefullnesse 

of a ffort there. Wherefore this House in their humble 

Addresse to Her Majesty dated the 27ili of March 1703 (and 

since twice repeated ) Did amongst other things Lay before 

Her Majesty, our reasons, why We could not Comply with 

Her Expectation in that affair, as 

First, The little Benefit the s'^ ffort was to Us, not 
being ( that We could discern any Bridle to the Enemy, or 
Barrier to our ffrontiers ; being out of the usual Road of the 



OF THE STATE OF JNIAESTE 227 

Indians ; and one hundred miles distant from any English 
Plantation : And Served only to make a safe Anchorage, for 
a few fishing Boats, that accidentally put in there. But the 
Expence thereon was very great, not lesse than Twenty 
Thousand Pounds. 

Secondly. The charges of the Said fort will be such ~ 
That We cannot see how said Province can possibly sustain 
it, having already Laid out severall large Sums of money, in 
the Raising of New fortifications, on Castle = Island, with 
diverse others in this Province of great Importance, which 
was set forth, in the said Addresse, and Memoriall accom- 
panying of the same, but Understand Wee have been so 
unhap])y, as that the said Addresse & Memoriall did not 
reach Her Majesty's hand, because proceeding from this 
House alone, although the addressing of Her Majesty is a 
Priviledge ever Allowed to the meanest of Her Subjects." 

" We would now further Suggest, That the Fortification 
at Casco=Bay ( which in the first Intention of It was Designed 
only as a Cover to a small Trading House, Erected there at 
the Request of the Eastern Indians, for a near Supply and to 
Steady them in their Obedience to the Crown of England, 
and to Prevent their Going to or Dependanceon the French) 
is now very much Inlarged demanding a Great Expence, for 
the Support thereof, and is Seated near the former Settle- 
ments, & Plantations, of the English within this Province, 
and considerably beyond any of the present English Dwell- 
ings. 

Which Reasons, we humbly Hope, will render us excus- 
able for not Building a ffort at Pemaquid 

2'i^y The 2'} Article is the Contributing to the charge 
of Piscataqua ffort. 

The Fort in that Province has been built Severall Years 
past, when It was not Desired, or thought necessary, that 
this Province should Assist them therein. The late Reforms, 



228 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

& Reparations made of the same, as we have been mformed 
stands that whole Province, about the sum of five Hundred 
Pounds which doth not amount to the Quota of Severall 
particular Towns within this Province ; towards the Charge 
of the War, witliin the Compasse of one Yeare. And all the 
Navigation, and Trade, of this Province coming down Piscat- 
aqua River, have been charged with a considerable Duty 
towards the support of that fort. 

And this Province hath alwaies Afforded such Guards, 
as were needfull for their Haling of Masts Timber &c* for 
Her Majesty's service, whilst the principall Benefit, and 
Advantage of that Trade has Accru'd to That Province. 
And They have never Contributed anything to the Charge, 
of our fforces, fforts and Garrisons, or Guards by Sea, that 
are as great a Safety, and Defence to them as to our selves. 
But the Publick charge of that Government has been much 
lesse, proportionably, than the Charge of this. 

Which being Considered We hope no Assistance will be 
Expected from Us, towards the charge of the s"^ fort." 



"iZ?8 Excellency the Grovern''^ Speech Octo'' 24, 1706^'' 

Gentlemen 

Since your Session in the Spring I have taken all 
the propper Care of the fronteirs in my power & by the favour 
of Almighty God it has been so successfull that though the 
Enemy has frequently Lookt upon the several parts they 
have had no Encouragement nor oportunity to do us any 
Considerable Mischeif, And being well informed of the 
Incapacity of the Enemy to make any Considerable March 
towards us I have retrenched the forces every where to that 
degree that I hope your accounts will shew you that we have 
saved ten thousand pound of the last years charge." 



OF THE STATE OF IVLA.INE 229 

Letter to Ca'pt^ '■'■ Dvfeolliaun". 

Boston 2 January 1706 
S"" This evening and not before I received account by 
A'P Nathan Jeffryes of your arrival, at Wells, and of the 
disasters of your Voyage & the rudeness of the English men 
on board which are very surprising & greivous to mee, I 
have dispatched my Comands into the province wliere you 
are. That an able Master may Iniediately wayt on you and 
abide on board till your vessel be brought to safe harbour 
near mee That I may safely receive your self & your vessel 
where nothing shall be wanting to you. 

I heartily wish you a good Voyage hither where You shall 
have all the Good treatment due to your Character & that of 
Monsieur Supercass from whom your Errand is. 

I am S'' your very humble serv' 
JD. 

I doubt not but My officers near you will send such assist- 
ance that you may depend upon it all shall be well. 



" Letter to M'' Sheaf e, D. Collector, Piscataq ". 
Boston, 15 January 1706. 

I have before me a Letter from M'^ Dufcolliaun master of 
a french sloop y' came from m"^ Supercass Governour of Port 
Royal and brought with him Thirty Seven English Prisoners 
with Letters for rayselfe in form of a flag of Truce, and that 
since his arrival he had received on board Captain Frost and 
some English Saylors by my Order for their Governm'^ and 
to bring their Vessell into safe Harbour and to render me 
their Letters and Messages. 



230 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

The said master Inforraes me that some body has been on 
board and Rob'd him of what he had there, being in no wise 
intended to breake bulk or Trade in any English Port. 

I am since Infonn'd That you have made Seizure and 
taken on shoar the said Goods, which I am doubtful is a 
great Mistake. If you had suspected any danger of his 
Trading, you had done well to have left an Officer on board 
till he had arrived to my care, but the Takeing her Goods on 
shoar out of her will reflect upon the Government. 

This last Account is from the Gentlemen of Her Ma'^^ 
Council in N. Hampshire, And therefore I Direct That you 
forthwith send all the Goods taken out of y*^ said Vessell 
forthwith to Boston, And if you have any (Complaint, the 
Court of Admiralty is now open, the Judge being in Town, 
and the frenchmen here to make answer, whome, being 
Enemys, I shall not allow to return to Piscataqua, but they 
shall have Judgement here ; I shall not necessarily detain 
the s** Vessell & the Messengers of the Governour but a very 
few days, and therefore Expect to see the Goods and your 
Complaint thereupon forthwith : If the Vessell be not come 
away the Goods I Judge most proper to be put in her, with 
your Officer on board, Captain Frost being now in Command 
of her by my Order, If she be come away, You must find 
some other vesselll to bring the Goods in such form that they 
may not challenge you of Imbezlement and you shall be 
heard. 

I must soon Dispatch and expect to see you without delay. 
I am S*" 

Your humble serv* 
J Dudley. 

Superscribed 

Yo m"" Sheafe D. Collector of 
New-Hampshire-Piscataq 
J Dudley. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 231 

Letter from Gov. Joseph Dudley to Secretary Addington. 

Draw a Comission for Leu* Colonel Hilton to Comand 
the forces of both provinces in the present Expedition to 
Norigwalk & let M'' Comissary have it presently to send 
away. 

Your serv* 
J Dudley 

Wednesday 

( Superscribed ) 
To M"" Secretary Addington 
Boston. 



Letter from Gov. Dudley. 

Boston, 22, March: 170| 
Gentlemen 

I am glad to be advised by jVP Secretary That 
the Council & Representatives are so well agreed in the arti- 
cles of an Expedition, Eastward. 

That which is wanting is an Establishment or 
Grant of Reward for the field officers of two Regiments 
which I have determined to fomi the forces into & without 
whom I cannot answer it to proceed & a grant is necessary 
for the ten thousand pound bills you have voted, 

& a present or Gratuity for Captain Stucley & Captain 
Sutton the Queens officers from whom we may have a good 
(service): if these things be done this morning I am 
Intended to prorouge for twenty dayes when the Assembly 
may be advised how forward we may be for the Expedition, 



232 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

without these things I shall have no officers, nor money for 
the service, 

Every day we stay we Lose the season & I must have 
time to form every thing for the service which I Desire you 
will presently give mee that I may see what I may Expect 
from my Neighbours as well as what I can do my self, 

I therefore desire that I may rise to day & have the 
Leisure of seeing my officers the next week. 

Your servant 

J Dudley. 
22'^ March, 1706. 
Communicat^ to the Council 
and Assembly. 



His Excelleyicy the Governors Speech 

" Boston, 10 April 1706 
Gentlemen - 

At your Last recess I did not Intend to trouble 
you again untill the ordinary season of your Session, but we 
have lately had the advice of a french fleet in the West 
Indies of force enough to have Lookt this way & I thought 
it propper upon that head to have your advice what may be 
necessary for us to be in a readiness to prevent any Insult 

It is also the time of year for the Increase of the forces in 
the frontiers which to save the Charge of the province during 
the Last four months I have retrenched to a lower Number 
then at any time of this Warr- thereby to save the Charge 
of the province which I am sensible is very great." 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 233 

Letter - Peld Whittemore to Andrew Belcher Enq. 

Kittery July the 81 : 1706. 
Honor"^ 

sy 

In Octob' 1703, I rece'* from M^ Theodore 
Atkinson, jd the L" (ioverno^s order Eleven harrells of pork, 
It being that which Cap^ Simon Willard brought fiora J^lack 
point 

The bearer hereof has Cap* Willards receipt for 
a one halth of it. 

I form'^ly gave you acco* that said pork Thr6 
Cap* Willards or in' Atkinsons Negligence or for want of 
salt, was much damnified so that I could never dispose of 
more than one halfe of it. The bearer Is a poor widdow & 
bin in Captivity ever since & needs her Just due, you will 
please to Direct her where shee may have it 
I am 
S' 

Yo"^ humble serv^* 

Pel^ Whittemore 
(Superscribed) 

To the Honorable 
Andrew Belcher Esq"" 

Commissary Generall 
In // Boston 



" Petition of Joi : Hamond Representative of the Town of 
Kittery. June 6 : 1706 : 

To the Hon*''" y® Speaker & Worthy Memb" of y" house of 
Representatives now Convened in Genl Assembly for y* 
Province of y* Massachusetts &ca 



234 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

The Petition of Joseph Hammond of Kittery in y* County of 
York in Behalfe of y** s*^ Town humbly Sheweth, that 
whereas at y® Session of this Court in May 1705, there was 
Abated out of y® Tax Set on s*^ town in y'' year 1704, Thirty 
eight pounds with this Proviso viz^ That y® Selectmen of s*^ 
Kittery w*'' y^ Representative of s^ town should Apporcon y® 
s*^ Abatem* on those Inhabitants Particularly who had been 
Impoverished by y^ warr &^ix, & y*^ names of those persons 
returned into y* Secretarys Office, as g s"^ Ord'' Reference 
being had will Appear ) Now y® s*^ Selectmen havmg accord- 
ingly Apporconed y^ same on y" p'sons most Impoverished as 
afores*^ but Neglected to make timely return of their names 
According to s'^ ord"" 

Yo"" Petition'': therefore humbly prays that s*^ Return may be 
now Accepted that y® Treasurer may be restrained from Send- 
ing forth warrants of Distress Ag®J^ those Constables to whome 
y® Same was Coiiiitted ) So Prays Yo"" humble Supplicant 

Jos Hamond 
Boston y« 29th May 1706 
In the House of Representatives 
June 6 : 1706. Read. 
7th Read & 

Ordered That the Prayer of the above Petition 
be Granted 
Sent up for Concurrence 

Thomas Oakes Speak 

A Pet^P*^ of Jos. Hamond Represent for y'' Town of Kit- 
tery, praying y* y** return made by y^ Selectmen of y^ s'^ Town 
in apportioning the abatem^ of X38 to y*" poor of y® s'^ Town 
out of their Tax in y® year 1704, accordmg to y® direction 
of this Court. Praying y* y^ s'^ Return may now be 
accept? altho not made in time, y* y® T^ may be restrained 
from sending forth warr*** of Distress ag^ those constables to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 235 

whome y" same was cominitted, was sent up from y*^ Repre 
with y' Order of y' House thereon. Viz! That y* pray^ of 
y« s*^ Pet*^."" be granted. 
w*^'' Pef'P'^ & order thereon was read & agreed to. 



Order in favor of the Widow of Jeremiah Jordan. 

Aug: 8: 1706 Read. 
In the house of Representatives 

Aug: 14: 1706 Read & Comitted. 
15th 

Ordered That the sum of Eight Pounds eleven 
shillings & sixpence be Paid out of the publick Treasury to 
the Widow of ]\P Jeremiah Jordan for 1029 pounds of pork 
Cap* Willard had of her late Imsband g order of Authority 
in the year 1703 Sent up for Concurrence. 

Thomas Oakes Speak"" 

Aug* 20th, In Council 

1706 Read and agreed to 

Is^ Addmgton Secry 8:6.9 

4:10 



8.11.6 



Speech of the Governor. 

"May 13, 1707 



Gentlemen, 



I had not troubled you with a Session at this 
Time, but that it was reasonable you should know the pres- 
ent State of the forces Eastward, And necessary that 1 
should have your advice in so troublesom an affair - 



236 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

The Expedition was entred upon at your Instance and 
advice, And the best officers & Souldiers in all Parts of the 
Province taken into the Service, the first orders & Instruc- 
tions to the CoiSanders of the Forces, Seen & approved by a 
Session of the Assembly holden for that Service. 

And the Shipps of Warr & Transports very soon after 
arrived in the Bay of Port Royall, And the forces happily 
Landed & possessed themselves of the Ground near that 
Fort, of the houses, & cattle of the Inhabitants, but very 
soon after, without any Direction from mee, Embarqued 
again, left the Shoar, & Contrary to their orders ; without 
visiting the other settlements of the French upon that Coast 
Directed there Transports to make the best of their way 
home to my veiy great surprise, which with all Industry with 
the advice of Her Maj*y^ Council I have laboured to prevent, 
and Therefore comanded the fleet to Stop at Casco-bay~ 
And those that were gotten hither by all possible means I 
have arrested and returned. And have reinforced them with 
another Ship, and near an hundred men as I was desired by 
the Last Sessions of the Assembly. And being Sensible 
that the Comand by Comission to three Gentlemen of 
approved Loyalty & Courage, if possible to Inspire the 
Forces with a better temper of courage & obedience, And 
they are again returning to the french side of the bay of 
fundee ". 



Letter from Francis Wainwright to Grov. Dudley. 

May it please yo*" Excellency. 

I rec*^ y" by Lathrop. Signifieing yo'' Excelly.^ pleasure : 
That we Return to o"' Camp. At w'^'' ( for the service of y° 
Country ) I sincerely Rejoyce. On the other hand I must 
say I am very much Troubled Att the ungovernableness of 



I 



OF THE STATE OF MADTE 237 

some of the Masters of o*" Transports who ( notwithstanding 
they were forbid ) have presumed to Ramble away, we know 
not whither but possibly may Center at last at Nantaskett. 
I hope yo""/. Excelly will give orders for their Return to us 
To Casco-Bay. To attend their Duty in y** service./ 

I hope the Gentlemen wee sent are waiting upon yo"^ 
Excelt^ Rendering an Acco^*^ of our proceedings at Port 
Royall and the state of that place, W** will be witliout 
doubt far Different To the Acco*' given by that Impudent 
Lyeing Hill, and will make such a discoueiy of Truth To yo' 
Excll, and the Generall Court, as Really to Beleeve ( by a 
good Reinforcement of five hundred good Effective men, 
provision and ammunition, &c. that by a Long seige, we 
might Reduce the Fort To very great distress, and if we 
Beleag'' it Long Enough To a surrend'' I doubt not : Cer- 
tainly if we Take, or prevent their store-ship giveing them 
Supply they must of Necessity Surrend^ And we haveing 
Impouerished the Inhabitants so greatly. I believe now 
Indeed is the Only Time to Gain that Fort : I am very 
glad our Country-men are so Zealous, and Push forward so 
Resolutely in the matter. Sir, I am of opinion that our 
breaking up the seige, ( if we Return ) will be no Disadvan- 
tage to us, but Rather the Contrary. Probably upon our 
Return we may surprise many of them who are Takeing a 
Melancholy view, of their Distressed State. And must 
( when they come to behold their fields of Corn on fire, and 
Every thing else ( Eatable ) distroy'', cause them to Surren- 
der, and ask for Boon Quarty. I must again offer my Opin- 
ion now is the time or Neuer. And I had Rather return 
and use all possible Endeauo"/. for the subdueing of them, 
and their Fort, Then to my family whom I saw very well. 
And upon our Return will be the Proper Time to uisit 
Menies and Shecanecte by a Party And to distress tliem by 
Burning their corn, killing their cattle, that a Supply from 



2 38 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

them may be prevented. And if we miss this oppertunity it 
is a question whither ever we have such an oppertunity again. 
I Cannot but Express the wonderfull goodness of God to us 
in loseing No more men by y^ Sword. In giveing such Gen- 
erall health, And pleasant weather as Ever was Known. I 
know not why ( By a good Reinforcement ) we should be 
Discouriged in y® service. I shall heartyly be sorry if the 
Generall Court should ( by any Information ) alter their opin- 
ion from what yo^ / Excellency wrote mee. I am hearty 
sorry for any Mistakes we have made. And I doubt not but 
all wise men will Call them so. Rather then Acts of Coward- 
ise. I beleeve upon a New attempt at Port Royal, we shall 
amongst us Contrive a way for y*" gaining of y^ mortars, To 
our Camp. I was in the day of it and am still heartyly 
Sorry for the great misunderstanding between CoP March, 
and Col° Redknap who were the only Masters of our Design. 
I hope on CoP Redknaps return, they will be reunited in 
their Opinions for y*^ service, 

I earnestly desire a happy Result in our Expedition ; w*^^ 
with the Tender of my humble duty to yo"' Excell^ and Ser- 
vice To y^ Hono'''''® y*" Councill, and house of Representatives, 
is from him who would approve himself the ffaithfullest of 
all yo'' servants. 

Francis Wainwright 
Casco: June ITth 1707^ 

Letter from W. Dudley to his father Q-ov. Jos. Dudley. 

Casco Bay, 24 June 1707 

Honoured S"" 

We are all in good Health, and in great Expec- 
tation of News from Boston of our return either home or to 
port Royall And the many reports and rumors Spread over 
the Country make our great Officers very uneasy, Especially 



4 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 239 

that Col? Appleton Should go to Sett hun self up and raise 
him upon the ruin of Some of oiu' Officers or at Least his 
advancement above them which they as well as all our Soul- 
diers are very much troubled at : tho resolved to be content 
if they can do the Country any Service, it must be Said and 
every day is that he was the only Instrument of raising the 
Seige that he might Save the Countrys money, but as they 
Say only to Save him self from the Danger which he alway's 
was very apprehensive of and would Sculk and hide as if he 
never heard a gun, S^ I dont make itt my buiness to reflect 
or make Remarks but am resolved to obey any and every 
body above me, and Serve in my Station which I have heth- 
erto done to the utmost of my power, and indeed as the 
matter is Circumstanced I have a very difficult task, but Do 
expect as every body else a Change as to our Commander in 
Chief when things will go on witli ease and good government, 
which has been Wanted very much, and is the Cause of the 
desarting of twenty men yesterday and as much Care and 
prudence taken as if they were not Concerned, and the 
Col? as if he had nothing to do but make himself popular 
and a party, which end Col? Appleton was also inclined and 
hopes ( as the report is ) to be one of the three tho as 
unwilHng to come or return to port royall as any man Liv- 
ing. After my most humble Duty to my Mother, Remain 
your Obedient 

and most Dutifull Son & Serv* 
W : Dudley. ~ 



Letter from Capt. Charles Stucley^ June 2^^ 1707. 

On board her Maj*'^ Ship Deptford 
24th June 1707. 

sv 

I have waited impatiently to hear from your ExcelP^, ever 



240 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

since being here, and was Surprized I had none of your com- 
mands by a Sloop arrived here last night from the Westward : 
But however your Excellency designs me, I think it my duty 
to Let you know the State of my Ship, 

I have advised Coll? March to doe tlie Same as to the 
Army part, by w''^ your Excell*'^ may see what will be neces- 
sary to corapleat one or other, as to number or time. 

I have heard Coll? Appleton has been busy in his Charac- 
ters of Some Gentlemen ; If I have any Share in 'em, I 
think he has talk'd without a License ; but however this 
rumour occasions my Sending you y*' Journall of my whole 
proceedings dureing this Expedicon, w'^'^ I hope will confute 
any reflections his nonsensicall malice cou'd create. I wish 
yoiu' Excell'^'' health and am 

Your Excelpy* most humble 
Servant 

Cha: Stucley. 



Letter from Cap\ Charles Stucley June 28^ 1707. 
Deptford in Casco bay: 28th June 1707. 

sv 

I have the honour of y"" ExcelP^* : dated the 21st Inst 
signifying your orders for my stay here w*''^ I shall comply 
with : tho' must confess myself concern'd, you wou'd not be 
pleas'd to be so kind to give me liberty to come to Boston to 
Victuall ; W'' would have saved the Province the charge of 
freight of Provicons is designed for me, and had been an 
extraordinary favour perticularly to myself in my private 
affairs there ; Indeed I dont know what Service I can doe 
by lyeing here, where I am allmost murdered by Musquetoes, 
but Submitt to what your ExcelP.^ thinks properest. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 241 

1 have with soine diriiciilty procured a Copy of y*' 
account of provisions remaining in the Fleet, w'^'' I send your 
Excell'^y enclosed 

I must begg your Excell*'y will Secure for her Maj*'"* 
Service on board me, what Foreigners you can, that the 
inhabitants of y*^ Provinces under your Government that are 
now aboard me may be exchanged ; Your Excell''^ considers, 
I cannot safely return home without my complement. I 
desire my men returned to Boston may be sent me the first 
opportunity. 

I wish your Excell*"^ healtli and am 
Your Excelpy^ most humble 
Servant 

Cha : Stucley./ 



Letter from William Dudley 28 June 1707. 

Casco Harbour, 28. June 1707. 
Honour'? Sr 

By Col? March's Letters our State and wants will be 
known, I dispose also the takeing the Indian Desarters who 
were taken between Cape porpos and Saco, and are now on 
board in Irons we not being able without particular order to 
try them, as our great Officers presume, I cannot say whether 
it was forgot or no we wait your Excellency pleasure therein, 
And I hope the Gentlemen Comeing will bring that power 
with them, for the Souldiers saj Delays come to nothing : 
CoP March Dos not Construe his Last Letters so as to 
return witliout the Reinforcem' coming we not being strong 
enough to go to Menis &c and the fort, at the same time 
which will be most Convenient as everybody Supposes, how- 
soever that affair will be Left to the Gentlemen. 

16 



242 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

this Day M"" Jeffry's was humbled for his Scurrilous 
abusive Letters and his recantation as by the Inclosed, 

S^ a great many of our men are very unwilling to go again 
but Severe Gover* will Cure all that ( tho very much wanted 
hetherto,) and Still will if Col? March has the power which 
he now has, we expect Great matters from our reinforcement 
coraeing. Col? Hilton gives his humble Duty and Says he 
has a Desire to put his affairs in Some posture which Lye 
upon great Disadvantages and hopes if your Excellency Sends 
him back you will Still continue your Care of his family and 
affairs, which never have been wanting hetherto and Desires 
he may be pardoned if he has Done any thing amiss and if 
represented otherwise than he Assures Your Excellency he 
his your very dutifull and obedient Ser* and ready to Serve 
you in anything to his utmost — Col? Wainwright is very 
much concernd that ho should be rendred a Coward 

after my Duty, I am your Excellency 

very humble Dutifull & obed' 
Son and Ser* 

W: Dudley 

Letter from Col". John, March, June 2St]i, 1707. 

Casco bay June 28th, 1707. 
INlay it plose your Excelency 

yesterday I Receued : your Connnands : of the 21 
Curant by m" Lowle : and God willing will endeuor to 
follow Them : and doe what Sarvis I Can : Sir I Inmiediately : 
Informed : Capt Southack : and the other Masters what your 
Commands : ware : who said the Coold not goe to see before 
that thay Had more provision : and Capt Stootly sead his 
provistion was quite dun 

: Whare : upon I : Immediatly ordered the Commis- 
ary : to goe one bord Every vessell in the fleet and see : 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 243 

siiitingly : what piovistion and stors : Tlieare vvase : which 
Account I Have now sent m'' Commissary gennerall : 

Sir I Am Hartyly sorry That I Have offended your 
Excelency in Any thing: And am sure it was no way 
designed in me : and have not bine Justly dclt with by 
those that Have informed yore Excelency: but sins it is yore 
Excelencys plesure : to dismis mee from tliosc Commands 
you were foiiiicrly plesed to put me in : I will patiently bare 
it: and do you what sarvis lys in my power: and sine it is 
so: would have bine glad if you woold have bine plesed to 
iiave Relesed Me : for I sartingly know : that if theare be 
Any thing well: and Honnorably dun: I shall have no share 
in that : but if Any thing fall out otherwise : that will fall 
to my share : Sir oure men are generall Cherly and brisk 
and are most of them willing to goe Againe : I shall Induor 
To keep them Clene and In good temper: According to yore 
Commands: Sir the Indians that Kan from us: I have taken 
them all Againe: and they doe so hartyly bagg pardon: for 
theair offenc that I liave Respited theair punishment till yore 
Excelencys plesure is known what I shall do to them : 

May it plese yore Excelncy M'' Jefferise have bine very 
Industrious: in doeing of mischef: As hee here confesed : 
As yore Excelency and honnors w^ill see vnder his owne 
hand : here Inclosed : 

With my most Humble 
duty: I am yore Excelencys most 
Humble and obedient Serunt 
John March. 

Letter from J. JJudle//, Gooeriwr, to Cap' (Jhirlcs Stuclaify 
July 7, 1707 

Boston July 1st, 170 7. 
S^ 

I am Sorry the Service demands your being abroad and 



244 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

absent from me so long, but being determined to goe upon 
the ground of Port Roy" again, I cannot be there with- 
out your Service. Your victualls is all on board Geerish 
at the Province freight ; and I have not altered any form 
in the forces, but added a Superior command to Coll? Ilutcli- 
inson, Coll? Townsend & M^ Leverett who brings this to 
you, and I desire and direct, that you will take the first 
wind and weather to bring y® Fleet to Port Roy", where I 
have ordered the Forces immediately to land again, and 
recouer theire ground, and you will Lay the Queens Ship 
where she may with safety be most Serviceable to the 
Fleet and render all possil^le assistance to the Forces in 
theire proceeding, and when Coll? Hutchinson, and in his 
absence the Gentlemen in Commission with him, shall inti- 
mate to you theire intention to Leave the place to goe to 
any other parts in that Country, or to return, you will 
take care of the Vessells accordingly and not suffer then 
to straggle, or Ijcave the fleet without Coll? Hutchinsons, 
or in his absence the other Gentlemens directions, I am 
S' 

Your humble serv*^ 

J. Dudley. 
To Cap* Chas. Stucley &c 

A true Coppy 



Letter from W. Dudley to Joseph Dudley, Governor. 

Casco bay 17, July 1707. 
Honoured S^ 

Since yesterday we have had fifty nine desarted out of 
Col? Wainwright: 16, Cap* March 30. Cap* Chesley 13, 
and how many more we know not yett Col? Hilton is gone 
to see, and every day will run if we tarry here any longer, if 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 245 

we can take tlie Enemys Store Ship and Ijiirn their vessells 
which may be done & at the same time Ravage menis & at 
the same time I suppose five or six hundred enought for that 
service, We miglit have built or drawn Stones at Winter 
harbour ever since we came from p'' Royall which was pro- 
posed by Col? Hilton it can never be but some of the officers 
do encourage or at Lea* wink at the Desertion of their men 
I am with true Obedience your 

very humble & Dutifull Son 

& Serv* 

W. Dudley 

Letter from Col. Francis Wainwright, Aug. 15., 1707. 

j,jQj^ri.ie Gentlemen : 

Just as I had written a Letter to yo"" Hon" w'^'' accom- 
panys This, I rec'^ yo"^^ g Cap* James, in which you Propose 
a peice of Service to be done : and shall be sustain'^ w"^ 
Three days prouision in order thereunto, I Thought it There- 
fore proper To Send a small Party of men : To wait on you 
To know w'^'^ way or in what Method wee shall Come at it, 
and Ammunition w*^*' we want very much, your orders I 
shall Endeavo"" in all regards to follow w"* the greatest Care- 
fulness. I have Communicated yo'' orders to y^ officers ; As 
also to the Indians that part that Concerns them, w'='' makes 
them look w"^ a more Chearfull Countenance: Our People 
think it hard upon tliem to back their Provission from Time 
to time : However I tell them it is their Duty to follow 
orders, and to Consid*" the Difficulty of procurcing of it any 
other way: As for Cutting the Banks: It is thouglit that 
Except the Tides suit: it Can be no Dammage to the Encm}'. 
And those that are Improved in that service ( If yo"" Hon'" 
think fit ) will be the best Judges in that matter. I sliall 
take Care at all times to giue orders Consonant w"' yu" to 



246 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

my self: We shall want falling axes to Cutt down the house 
Frames w' '* will not burn I have sent away the most sickly 
& unseruiceable men under the Command of Cap*' Otis, who 
ses he is as sick as they are : Indeed I think he hath been 
sick in mind : Ever since we were ordered into Casco Bay ; 
I have also sent under his Care Cap*- Stucleys three men : 
and have ordered him to see them on Board the Deptford : 
Please to Expedite the Provision, that our men may not have 
the want of it a Plea to go of: This uery Minute Col? Wantons 
Comp'?' under y** Command of Lt. Cudworth were all drawn 
up, fitt for a March, To desert. I went Immediately to y*" 
Lt. and ask*- if he Intended to head them Deserters he Told 
mee no : I Resolv'\ and told them if any man Move'^ one 
step in that nature I would shoot them down. I also Imme- 
diately sent Cap*^ Dimmick & Comp^ to bring them in, and 
To Take away their Arm^ : Accordingly they Came and after 
an admonition, they promised unum et Omnes to be obedient 
and doe the best seruice they Can. The L* pleads Inno- 
cence in the Contrivance : // 

The officers give their Service to yo'' Honor's 
I am Yo"' humble servant 
Fi-ancis Wainwright 
Port Royall Narrows. 

Aug 15th 1707. 

To Col? Elisha Hutchinson 
Col? Pen Townsend 
& John Leveret Es(|''s. 

Representation to His Excellency ahoui the Forces 
Dec. 3, 1707. 

" To his Excelly Joseph Dudly Esq^ Cap* 
Gen" & Gov"^ in chief in & over her Majesties 
province of y'' Massachusets Bay &c. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 247 

The severall ptioiilers following Hnml)ly proposed by y^ 
House of Representatives, to yo"^ Excelly* Consideratio for 
Improvement ( as is luiml)ly Conceived ) for y* benefit of 
s'' province." 

" That noe Comissary be allowed wages ont of y*' Treas- 
ury for Sauco Fort, y" Commanding officer haveing Little or 
noe business : may attend it, & l)e allowed a sutable Compen- 
sation l)y this Court. 

That but one Comissary be allowed pay at Kittery ; In 
y*^ the stores may be as well transported to Barwick, as where 
they are left: & save y'^ charg, Labour & danger in fetching 
Supplies from y" Lowest Garrison 12 or 14 Miles. 

That y'^ Comissary at York, & Wells be allowed but O^' 
apeice g Annum, & noe other Subsistanc out of y'' publick. 

That Cap* Browne at Wells being vnable by Reason of 
Lameness to attend y* post may be dismist & y'' s'' Browne 
be prosecut^^ for his makeing a fals Alarme y'' Last fall to 
300'' damage to y'' prouince. 

That Cap* Heth at York who hath Complained of for- 
merly being now More vnfit to manage y* post be dismist 
from her Majesties service." 

" Farther we Humbly pray y'^ Excelly : 
In answer to y*' Numbers proposed for y® defence of y^ 
Frontiers. 

That they may be phiced in Garrisons, on y® outside of 
Townes, & not in y'^ body", of Townes, where they are not 
like, to doe y^ service, they are propounded & Granted for.' 

"Thaty^ Numbers allowed Wells, York, & Kittery May 
be disposed Into severall Garrisons by yo'" Excelly's order to 
y® Cap*s Commissioned in y"" Respective Townes, &; noe offi- 
cer aboue a Serg* be allowed wages in such Towne out of y^ 
publique." 



248 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Governor H Speech. 

" Gentlemen 

Since your last Session we Lave had a troublesom sumer 
my first advice from Quebeck of the Enemy^ Motion was 
that they Intended a Descent upon the fronteirs with 800 or 
1000 Men, which put mee upon Covering all the fronteirs 
witli forces, being not able to guess where they Intended to 
make their Impression, of wliicli number they were after- 
wards disappoynted by sickness and other disorders amongst 
themselves." 

Their appearance at Haverill was with a much Less num- 
ber where tliey have little to boast of tho we might have done 
more against them if we had presently followed their tracks. 

I suppose their motions for this season are over & to pre- 
vent their winter Marches we must keep our vsual methods 
whicli have been hitherto very successfull." 



Vote. 

Kittery May 10" 1708. 
Voted that M"" William Pepperrell has Liberty to Erect & 
build a Mill or Mills at Creek going in at l^rave boat harb'' 
provided that he leave convenient passage for all the Inhab- 
itants that has business through y*^ harbour. ~ 

Attest : Jos : HarTiond Cler 



Petition of Wm Pepperrell 

To His Excellency Joseph Dudley Esq^ 
Cap'^ General and Governour in Chief 
in and over her Majesties province of 



I 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 249 

the Massaclmsetts I>ay And To ilie 
Ilono'''" the Council and House 
of Representatives now in General 
Court asseiul^led- 
May 20th 1708/- 

Tlie Petition of William 
Pepperell of Kittery in 
the County of York./. 
Sheweth 

That the Inhabitants of the Town of Kittery are 
very much Straitned iov want of a Grist Mill in the 
Town being necessitated to go Sometimes Eight miles 
with their Corn to Grind, and sometimes lose their Bags 
& corn too, 

That at a Town Meeting on the 10th of May 
last they past a vote that your Petitioner should have 
liberty to Erect a Mill or Mills at the Creek going in 
Broadboat harbour leaving convenient passage for all 
the Inhabitants who shall have business through the 
Harbour, which your Petitioner will be obliged to do, 
and in regard the same may be of very great service, 
and Convenient for all the Inhabitants- 

Yor Petitioner therefore humbly Prays that the 
Vote of the s'^ Town may have tlie Confirmation of 
this Great & General Assembly, That he may pro- 
ceed to build under the Restriction aforesd : 
And yo^ Petitioner shall pray &c'' 
Wm. Pep[)errell 
In the House of Representatives 
June 19: 1708. Read. 

28 : Read & 

Ordered That the Praier of the Petition 
be Granted Sent up for Concurrence 

Thomas Oliver Speaker 



250 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

In Council 
29th June. 1708./. 

Joseph Hammond and Icliabod Plaisted 
Esq^ Cap*" Jn° Hill and the 
Sheriffe or any three of them to 
Report this Affair And y*^ they 
Notify Rob* Eliot Esq": to 
attend his concern there. 



Boston. 7. October 1708 

The new fort at Winter harbour caiiot well proceed with- 
out a Mason, I am Informed your son is at the castle I desire 
that either your self or your son will go on board Captain 
Southack who is going thither to assist the said work & I 
desire he will carry his tooles with him, he will be taken care 
of by Major Hamond & the Gentlemen Vndertakers. 

you must not fayle me I hope twenty dayes 
will return him to you. 

I am your servant 
J Dudley 
[Superscribe^] 
To Levtenant Thomas Willis 
Medford 
Peter Eeds. went on board the Galley Oct' 8 : | ^ »-.^^ 

Return'd Nov'" 12 : i 

35 working dales at 3/6. which wages he left, 
du to Tho Andous 09-15-0 

du to Peter Edes 13-08-9 

du to Jonathan Blansher 01-05-0 

du to iacob Blansher 4-1 7-6 

29-06-3 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 251 

Boston New England March V} 1708/9 
My Lords 

This comes by Capt Riddel in- Her Majesty's Ship 
tlie Falmouth which is the only safe conveyance since the 
Deptford brought liome the Accounts and Papers from these 
Governments the last year, and witli tliis Your Lordships 
will receive all the Acts of the Assemblys of both Provinces, 
(Jontinuation of the Revenues and Grants of Supplys for the 
War, the Minutes of Council the Issues of Causes and Judg- 
ments at Law, the Accounts of Stores, Amies Ammunition 
and ('iunion in the several Castles and Forts, and what else I 
am Commanded by Her Majestys Instructions and Your 
Lordships Letters. 

Your Lordships first Letter is of the Seventh of May 
1707 to wliicli I humbly referr requii'ing a full Information 
of the State and condition of the respective Provinces refer- 
ring to their Government and Connnerce, the Acts of their 
Assemblys, Grants of money &c. and the Governours pro- 
ceeding by way of Journal ; all which the Answers to the 
particular Questions will Open to your Lordships satisfaction, 
unless the last referring to the Governours Imploying his 
time in Her Majestys service here, which in Obedience to 
Your Lordships Commands is after this manner. 

In May the General Assembly of the Massachusetts sits 
down, and geiuirally holds six weciks, which I am forced to 
attend every day to [)ut forward Her Majestys Service and to 
keep tlie Houses to their Duty ~ The Council Consisting of 
Twenty Eight Mend)ers and tlie Representatives about 
Eighty, they may be if the Towns please to be at tlie Charge 
of their sitting. One hundred. When that Assembly rises 
tlie Assembly of New Hampshire usually sits down for a 
shorter time, being fewer in Number and more ready in their 
Dispatches. The issue of these two Assemblys brings July 
and August, in which Months I have what troubles the 



252 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

Frencli and Indians, my Neighbours can give me in the Fron- 
tiers by their Marches upon me in the Covert of tlie Woods, 
which keeps me well Imployed to send Forces to all parts of 
tlie Frontiers of Two hundred miles long, which has been so 
successfully managed these Six years of the War, that I have 
not lost one Village, nor drawn in any, which has been always 
done in tlie former troubles with the Indians. This trouble 
and hurry of tlieir Incursions holds till the fall of the Leafe, 
and beginning of October, when the General Assembly of the 
Massachusetts setts down again for another Six weeks, and 
then follows the Assembly of Piscataque, as in the Spring 
and these bring December, when I am fitting out Partys from 
all places upon their Snow Shoes, who in the Depth of the 
Winter for four Months, are Searching the Forrests for two 
hundred miles deep for the Lodging of the Indians, whereby, 
this whole War I have kept them from all their Antient 
Seats and planting grounds, and driven them to Inaccessable 
places, and parts, where no Corn will grow for their Support, 
and this brings the Spring again, and a new years business, 
and all the Travail and Care return again./ 

The Names of the present Council of the Massachusetts 
are in the Inclosed List, tho I suppose that Clause in your 
Lordships Letter Mistaken, because Her Majesty do's not 
supply the Vacancies of Councellours here, as in all Her 
Maj^'®^ other Goversments, but they stand by an Annual 
Election, and so the Assembly alters them every year as they 
please, and the Governour has Power by the Charter to refuse 
any so Elected, which is usually done, so far as to refuse One 
or two of the Twenty Eight to maintain Her Majestys 
Prerogative, tho there is frequently reason enough besides, it 
being easily Observed by Strangers here that the best Estates 
in many parts of the Countrey are not chosen into the Coun- 
cil, but very Inferiour Persons taken in, both for Estate and 
Education, and of less Affection to the strict Dependance of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 253 

these Goverm*? upon the Crown and Government of Enyhiiid, 
to tlie hurt of llcr Maj*!'-'^ Interest which can be Amended 
only by time, and a steady management of Affairs, whicli 
will at length Convince the People of their own benefit in 
Her Majesties Favour by tlieir good Obedience./ 

By the Rule of Five to one for Old Men Women and 
Children Against the Mustered Souldiers I Judge this Prov- 
ince to Contain when I arrived Fifty thousand Souls, these 
are all Freemen and their Children besides the Blacks of 
which Your Lordships have Account in my Answer to the 
Affair of the Affrican Company./ 

This Number is Increased by One Thousand eveiy year, 
and so I believe they are for these last six yeais that I have 
served Her Maj^^ here, the Warrs and troubles with the 
Indians notwithstanding./ 

The Cause of tlie Peoples removal out of this Province 
is tlie Inequality of the Taxes, The Lands are equal our 
health here the best of all the Provinces, Trade Superior to 
any, but our Taxes are Seven times as much as any other 
part of her Majestys Government from Carolina to New- 
foundland, and there being nothing but a line of marked trees 
between the Inhabitants of this and the other Provinces, and 
they every year see that the whole burthen of the Warr, lyes 
upon these Provinces, this Poor People can easily remove to 
the next Colonys to that Degree that I believe we have lost 
two hundred Men within this five years, most of them to Our 
Neighbours of Connecticot, which will be all redrest and 
People quiet when Her Majesty shall please to make the 
Charge of the War equal u[)()n all the Governments. 

In Peace the Impost and Excise tho very small will 
maintain the Charge of the Massachusetts Government and 
now we spend ui the Warr Thirty thousand pound jj Annum, 
by a Land Tax, very heavy to the Planter./ 

I Mustered the Militia of the whole Province in the 



254 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

year 1702 and gave the Account to the Lords of the Planta- 
tion sitting at that time, about Tenn thousand, and I believe 
tliere are now One thousand More in the Musters, the Warrs 
and troubles notvvitli standing. 

The C(jiumoditys raised in this Countrey for Exporta- 
tion for Europe, are Eish, Lumber, Oyl Tar, and other Gun>s, 
Eurrs; Eish to the value of Thirty tliousand pounds Lumber 
two Tliousand })Ounds, Oyl Eive thousand Tarr and Gums 
Ten thousand, Eurrs One thousand pounds, besides these, 
from hence comes into Great Britain, Sugar, Tobacco, Log- 
wood, and other Dyes, Rice, Molasses &c to a very great 
Value, produced and brought hither, by a Trade with the 
West Indies, for Provisions horses and Lumber, and from 
Virginia for a Coasting Trade and Barter holden with them, 
all whicli Centre at home in England. 

I know of no Commoditys of Europe Supplying tlie 
Liliabitants liere, but from England directly tho they may 
Originally come from Holland, Hamborough, Erance ( in 
Peace ) or Spain, because the Acts of Parliament command 
it to be prevented, and I am as Careful as is possible, tho it 
be very Displeasing to such as use a false Trade. 

The Trade of this Province is Increased in all the Arti- 
cles above to a very great Degree, since my coming hither, 
Except the Article 'of Eurrs which is abated by reason of the 
War; The Indians carry their Eurrs to the Erench, and our 
own Indians and English are prevented from Lying abroad 
and following their Traps as in Peace. And I must add 
that the Woolen Trade from England is also in a great 
Measure abated, the People here Cloathing themselves with 
their own Wool, and this is Occasioned by two things ~ 

Eirst the Excessive prices of all Goods from England noth- 
ing is here sold at less than One hundred and Eifty pounds 
p cent Advance, most Goods more. So that the Countrey 
Men cannot purchase them. And Secondly, the Returns for 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 255 

England in payment pass llnough so few hands, that many 
if not most have no Share in thejn and so have not where- 
with to pay for Goods And I l)egg your Lordships Pardon to 
say, That unless the Kingdom of (Jreat Britain will please 
to come into a Lumber Trade from these Provinces, and Her 
Majesty will please to build some of her Great Sliips here, 
tlie Trade for the Woolen Manufactory will every year gi'ow 
less, tho the Peoj)le Increase to a very great Degree. Tlic}' 
are proud Enougli to wear tlie best Cloath of England, if 
Chopping Sawing and building of Ships would pay for their 
Cloaths, and this method would double the sale of English 
Woolen Manufactory presently ~ 

There wants notliing to prevent Illegal Trade, and the 
Officers Her Majesty has here are very good, but tliey are 
but four persons of Salary, and there are Forty harl)ours and 
places to look after, where good may be Landed ; To Sup[)]y 
all tliese places witli Officers purely upon the liead of pre- 
vention where there is nothing to receive, would Increase an 
unreasonable Chai'ge to the Crown- I am of Opinion That 
if there were a good Yatch with six able hands always tend- 
ing upon the Coast Obliged to Speak with all Ships coming 
into these Provinces, the charge would be little and the pre- 
vention very great, and Serve beyond all the Land waiting 
and Officers possible to be Erected, and in a few Years might 
be again abated when the Trade of Smugling were diverted 

Our ships are of three Sorts, Above one hundred 
Tonus Twenty 

between Fifty and one hundred Tons, Sixty 
below. These are Vessels belonging to the Province, 
That Trade to the West Indies and the Shore of America 
One hundred and Twenty which must demand One thousand 
Saylors as near as I can set it, besides a like runnber of all 
sorts built every two year for Merchants of London, and 
elsewhere, there having been registred Generally Seventy 
Vessels p Annum most of them built here- 



256 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

This Province lias all Sorts of Manufactures Setled, that 
belong to Iron, Leather, Linnen, and Woolen tho to no 
Degree capaple to serve the Inhaliitants as yet- 
There is usually Shipped Eight hundred Tons of Train 
Oyl from this Province, wliich alters yearly as the Whales 
pass by us, nearer or furilier from the Shore, and as the 
Weather happens for Boats to keep the Sea as they pass, 
which they do every year from Pole to Pole- 

Thc Fishing for Codd is much Superiour to Value of 
Thirty thousand pounds p Annum which goes to Spain &c. 
and returns mostly by England home again, besides the Trade 
of Mackerill for the West Indies at Five thousand pounds p 
Annum, uncertain- 

Your Lordships Wisdome needs no Intimation of mine, 
to know how these Provinces may be made happy and Ser- 
viceable I am humbly of Opinion That the English Set> 
tlem^ from Pemaquid to Delaware River, which never Cost 
England above Tenn Thousand Souls to Settle them, which 
Tract is now Divided into six several Governments, Contain 
in them One hundred and Fifty Thousand Souls and are 
daily Increasing, and are a very Industrious People, as 
appears by a Subdued and well built Countrey and will stand 
in need of nothing to make them such as Your Lordships 
would have them but a good Defence against the Incursions 
of the Indians and French by Land, which would be done at 
once by a Colony of Tenn Thousand North Britains, who 
might peaceably Enter upon a better Land than their own 
with all advantages of Trade, Fishing and Lumber, and be 
in a readiness to Assist the removal of the French from Que- 
beck and Port Royal, and then the Peace and repose of these 
Provinces, would make the Trade of all sorts five times what 
it is presently. Over all wliich, if Her Majestyes Government 
be justly Mamtained, and the People and Trade kept to a 
strict and Constant dependance upon the Acts of Trade and 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 257 

Navigiition, and put upon the Linnen Manufactory for wLicli 
the Countrey is Extreanily proper ; Tlie Mother will find her 
Daughters Increase her Wealth and honour to a very great 
Degree - 

The last Clause of this Letter Commands the Publica- 
tion of the Union of England and Scotland which was forth- 
with done in the presence and Attendance of the Council, 
Military Officers, the Regiment in Boston Horse and Foot in 
Amies with all due Solemnity as the Minutes of Council will 
further advise- 

Your Lordships Next Letter was of the 12"' of May 
1707 with Her Maj"®* Additional Instructions Commanding 
the first Member of the Council to sit as President, and Exe- 
cute the Commission of the Government, in Case of the 
Death or Absence of the Governour, and the Order for tlie 
Constant Attendance of the Councellours in New Hampshire, 
which came not to my hands till the twelfth of July, four- 
teen Months after, but were presently Communicated to the 
Council, and are upon Record in the Council Books- 

The next Letters were dated December 30^'' 1707 being 
a Duplicate of the last Covering Her Majestys Letter of the 
30"' of November 1707 referring to the Attendance of the 
Councellours of New Hampshire at the Board ; was read in 
full Council & Entred in the Council Books as I was Com- 
manded- 

The next Letters April the ISi^!' 1708 brought Your 
Lordships Connnands to give an Account referring to Negro's 
and the Affrican Trade to which I have Answered from both 
the Provinces by four several Conveyances, Exact Copys, 
which I presume, must some of them be arrived whereby it 
appears that here is no Trade to the Coast of Guinea on their 
Account to either of these Provinces. 

The next Letters bear date 15*'?* of May 1708 Covering 
the Acts of Parliament for the Ascertaining the Rates of 

17 



258 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Forreign Coyns The other for Encouragem^ of the Trade 
to America both which have had their Solemn Publication 
in both Provinces, and I hope will be duly Obeyed ; There 
shall be nothing wanting on my part to make Her Maj"^^ 
Subjects sensible of the Favour done them in both those Acts, 
and the Injury the Plantations have done themselves in rais- 
ing the value of peices of Eight, on pretence of keeping them 
in the Countrey which they have mist of, and have only 
Lowered and Injured their own Estates thereby- 

Your Lordships Letters of July the Eighth 1708 Direct 
Me to take Care that M'' Bridger the Surveyor of Her Maj- 
esties Woods be duly Assisted in his Duty of the preserva- 
tion of all great Timber belonging to Her Majesty in both 
the Provinces He is very sensible that at all times he has 
had my Proclamations, Orders, Warrants and the Assistance 
of the Justices & Sheriffs every where, and in all Dangerous 
places I have Assigned him Guards for the Security of him- 
self and his Deputys, and wherever he has had Tryals with 
M^ Plaisted and M^ Mico, he has had Letters to the Judges 
of the Courts advising and requiring them to do their Duty 
to Her Majesty therein, as being the only Article wherein 
any thing is Reserved to Her Majesty is these Great Prov- 
inces, And because there was nothing of a Charter, nor any 
Record of that saving of Great Timber to Her Maj'^?' in New 
Hampshire I have Obtained a Law, which is humbly Offered 
to Your Lordships in the Files, That it shall be One hun- 
dred pounds Fine for any Person on any pretence to Cut 
such Timber But am forced to acquaint your Lordships That 
at the next Session of the Massachusetts Assembly in May 
last I offered the same Act in the very words of the Charter 
of the Late King but could not Obtain it to be Enacted by 
tlie Representatives, which was the same House, that by a 
farr minor part of what sat down at first ( who were necessa- 
rily with drawn for the Defence of the Province ) sent away 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 259 

a Secret Address to Her Mujesty reflecting upon my self, 
and perhaps if it could be known, the Care of Her MajM®^ 
Rights and Interests in this and other things are the Latent 
reasons of all the Displeasure of that little party of Men, 
against whom there is One hundred to One that are of 
another mind. 

Referring to the Councellours mentioned for New Hamp- 
shire in this Letter, I hope M^ Vaughan their Agent will 
take out the Warrants and if Your Lordships shall please at 
his Return to Add him the said M^ George Vaughan, and 
M"^ George Jaffreys son of a Councellour lately deced, they 
are Men of Loyalty, Estates and Education and will Honour 
the Queens Service in the Province of New Hampshire- 

The Post Script of this Letter referring to the Barbarous 
Method of the French and Indians Depending on them, 
Scalping the Dead that fall into their hands, is upon Account 
that the French Government have set the Heads of Her 
Maj^'*^^ Subjects at a value, sometimes Forty Shillings, some- 
times Five pounds which the Savages cannot Challenge with- 
out shewmg the Scalps as the French have made it in their 
Order referring thereto/ For This I have Expostulated 
and Upbraided M^ Vaudreuil & M": Supercass and every 
Governour on the French side, and Challenged them to tell 
their own Master if they dare of such Barbarity used to 
Cliristians but to no Effect, and have threatned them to leave 
their Prisoners in the hands of the Indians as they have done 
many of Ours but have prevailed nothing ; On the other 
hand I have Treated their Dead and Living Prisoners with 
all respect, tho as Your Lordships will see by the Acts of the 
Assembly of the Massachusetts I have set the Indian Rebels 
heads at One hundred pounds each who After a Forty Years 
Submission and Allegiance to the Crown of England, and 
Contrary to all Protestations and Covenants with me, at two 
Appearances and Attendancies of me since my Coming to 



260 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

this Government without the least Provocation have broken 
out and Murthered several Familys at the first Opening of 
the Warr five years since, As in my Letters of those times in 
Your Lordships Office will appear a very far different Case 
from what your Lordships take Notice of in their Treatment 
of Christians- 

Your Lordships next date is of y® thirteenth of July 
Containing an Instruction from Her Maj'^y Dated the third of 
July 1708 referring to Molasses Rice &c. which I formerly 
had and is well Established in the Custome House of both 
Provinces ; All other clauses in that Instruction, referring to 
the Union, Forreign Coyns, Trade to America are Published 
and Established as Commanded, in both the Provinces- 

Your Lordships next Letter is of the Twenty third of 
July 1708 wherein I acknowledge my Self well rewarded for 
all my Service here That any thing I have done against the 
Indian Enemy is acceptable to your Lordships, and if the 
proposals mentioned referring to Canada and Port Royal may 
proceed, it will perfectly put the Nortli America with all the 
Fishery and Naval Stores into her Maj4^^ hands and these 
Provinces to a lasting repose- 

I shall as Your Lordships Direct Maintain a good Cor- 
respondance with my Neighbours of Rhoad Island, and tlie 
rest, with whom I never had any personal Difference, but 
was sometime since Commanded by their Lordships then at 
the Plantation Board to take and remit Papers and Evidences 
referring to the Neighbour Governments in which I pro- 
ceeded upon Articles by Her MajH^^ Commands under the 
Great Seal of England, and no otherwise- 

It would be very happy if the (challenge of M^ Allyn 
against New Hampshire may have an Issue after Thirty 
three Years Strife- 

I shall Continue my Care and Duty to Her Majestys 
Affairs in M^ Bridgers hands and cannot suppose him Guilty 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 261 

of any Neglect or Connivance, however shall use the Caution 
Your Lordships have given me~ 

I humbly Pray Your Lordships Favour to M^ Vaughan 
in his attendance I hope he will behave himself as he ought, 
having always Observed his Loyalty & good Affection to 
Her Majestys Government here- 

I shall Obey Your Lordships Commands and put the 
Letters to the other Officer by themselves for the Future- 

I have also with these Letters a Duplicate of Her Maj- 
estys Conunands referring to M^ Vetch and Borland and 
others, and have proceeded long since in that Affair as I am 
Commanded the Fines of every One of them were forthwith 
restored, they having given Bond for their Attendance of a 
New Tryal in Ordinary Form Except M^ Vetch who is not 
yet returned, and the Courts are proceeding in their Tryals, 
and the Accounts of Causes will-contain the issues of 
those cases - 

Your Lordships last letter is of the fourth of August 
1708 Containing Her Maj^i^'^ Order referring to the Account 
of Ordnance, Armes, Stores of Powder and shott remainuig 
in Her Maj*^!®^ Castles and Forts in both Provinces- That 
they be sent home yearly from the Twenty fourth of June to 
the same day Annually - 

I have not hitherto Neglected for four or five years last 
past, the Account from the Castle of Boston, the Forts of 
Salem and Marblehead, and from New Castle in the Prov- 
ince of New Hampshire for every half year with the Expences 
have been duly Transmitted under the Officers hands and my 
Letter Conveying them unto the Board of Ordnance and are 
well Arrived as farr as 1 can learn, and I Doubt not are 
there remaining ending Lady Day and Michaelmas Day 
Annually and shall now bo sent home to the Twenty fourth 
of June last past for the years with the Information,- That 
I had Fifty Barrels of Powder from the Tower of London, 



262 DOCUMENTABY HISTORY 

which came with me hither in April 1702 and since that I 
received Twenty Cannon which are set in the Castle of 
Boston in such places as Her Majesties Engineer has deter- 
mined most proper for the Service ; All other powder and 
Shot has been annually bought by the Province money given 
for that End, and taken in the Powder Duty in both prov- 
inces being One pound of powder for a Ton of all Ships 
Coming hither in Trade. Duplicates of these shall be also 
sent to Your Lordships Board, and are Inclosed with the 
Papers in this Packet- 

The Continual Marches in the Woods, and One hun- 
dred and Ffty small Garrisons in the Frontiers and the Prov- 
ince Gaily, which are all Maintained at the Province Charge 

put me to the Expence of barrels of Powder p Annum 

for which the Assembly raises a payment in Common with 
other Ailairs, and is with great Strictness and Care Issued 
by Warrant for the Several Services at all times which has 
sometimes Cost Eighteen pounds a barrel And to the End 
that the Stores of Powder might be kept safe and not Endan- 
ger this great Town, I have this Summer built a very fair 
Powder liouse of Brick Distant from any other Building and 
Appointed & Sworn Officers to receive and Deliver all pow- 
der and other Stores there kept, which cost the Province Six 
hundred pounds- 

Your Lordships will see by the Account of Cannon &c 
That there are but four Fortifications that give in their 
Accounts; The Castle of Boston, Salem, Marblehead, and 
New Castle, besides which there are two other at present 
holden by a standing force both in the Province of Main, one 
at Saco River, and the other at Casco Bay, these two Forts 
were built before my Coming hither only as Trading Houses, 
but had each of them four Gunns for the Security of the 
Trade, and when the War broke out, the Representatives of 
this Province Earnestly Moved me to Slight them, and draw 



il 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 263 

in that Frontier, but they being the utmost Frontiers East- 
ward, I have always possitively refused to Draw them in, and 
while Coll Romer was here Her Majesties Engineer I got 
that at Casco Enlarged and have usually One hundred men 
in Garrison there. The other at Saco stood Inconveniently in 
a Valley, and Colt Redknap Her Maj*!^^ Engineer now resid- 
ing here has taken down this Fort, and Set it in a more advan- 
tagious place down the River where it Covers the Fishery, 
This put the Province this year to Three or Four hundred 
pounds Cost, and will be for the future very serviceable - 

I have had but One Inroad this Summer from Canada, 
Mr Vaudreuil the Governour of Quebeck being in June last 
at Montreal, Gave out his Warrant for the raising One thou- 
dred Men for a Descent upon me. Of which I had soon Notice 
from my Indian Scouts always lying in his Countrey, and 
near him but not knowing where they Intended to light upon 
me I was forced to Equip Two Thousand Men, Tenn Troops 
of horse and the rest Foot, and lay them about One hundred 
and fifty in every Village from Dearfield to Wells Two hun- 
dred Miles in Length, But it so happened MY Vaudreuil 
being then Three hundred miles from Quebeck where the 
most of his Troops were to be raised, the People made a 
great pretence of Sickness and Disorder amongst them so 
that he fell in his demands to Five hundred, and when they 
mustered they proved but Three hundred, and after three 
days March, half of them being most Indians weary of the 
War Deserted and Fled so that at Forty days, tliey fell in 
upon Haverhill, an open Village of about Two hundred 
Familys where as in other Villages there was a Troop of 
Horse, and One hundred Men quartered who soon beat them 
out of Town killed them Twenty men, and they Carryed 
away as many wounds, and we lost here three Familys of the 
Poor People, who without that Care, must One thousand of 
them have perished in a few hours time./ 



264 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

I have now abroad a force of Two hundred Men upon 
their Snow Shoes ranging all the Old Settlement of the 
Indians at Two hundred Miles Distance where I have kept 
them from their planting & residence these Six years, and 
Resolve by the help of God to keep them from thence till 
they Desert the French Service and return to their Duty, 
and Allegiance, And they now Confess it was Easy for the 
French to draw them into a Rebellion, but they are not able 
to support them in their own places, but they must leave 
their Beloved Countrey for another that will bear no Corn 
not Support them like their own " All this unspeakable 
Trouble and Cost would be saved by rooting out the French 
at Quebeck and Mont Real, and all the Indians in North 
America would submit in One day, for want of Amies and 
Ammunition as well as other Supports and Succours/ 

In the year 1692 The Government of this Province 
Obtaining the Late Kings Favour for the Establishment of 
the Methods of their Churches, And amongst other Laws for 
that End An Act for the Settlement and Support of Minis- 
ters and Schoolmasters and . thereby being Impowered to 
raise a Maintenance for the Ministers Equally upon the 
Inhabitants which in some places proved Inaffectual, so 
many of the People Living Disorderly, and some of them 
being Quakers, that there was nothing done towards the 
Maintenance of a Minister in several places, particularly in 
two Villages called Dartmouth and Tiverton, to remedy 
which the General Assembly the last year added Sixty 
pounds to the Publick Tax of Dartmouth, and Thirty to 
that of Tiverton for the Maintenance of the Ministers there, 
which the Quakers who were the Assessors of the Towns 
perceiving refused to lay the Tax with that Addition, and 
are since Restrained & Imprisoned by the Treasurers War- 
rant for the whole Tax of the two Towns Amounting to 
Five hundred pounds. I thought it my Duty to acquaint 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 265 

Your Lordsliips herewith, Expecting a Complaint there upon, 
I am Sony for their Suffering tho it be not upon the head of 
Religion, and am also sorry that they would be Assessors of 
the Tax to hr'mg themselves into trouble, they think it hard 
to be taxed to the Maintenance of the Ministry, and if tliose 
that are strictly of their profession were quitted it would be 
no great loss, but it is Expected that if such an Indulgence 
be given, a great many will profess themselves Quakers to 
quit themselves of this Cliarge, as they have done from bear- 
ing Armes, and many Villages in the Countrey would be left 
without any Publick Worship on the Lords Day. 

I humbly Offer it to Your Lordships Consideration hav- 
ing no Interest in the matter but that Religion may be 
Maintained. 

At a Village called Swansey in the same County witli 
these there was a Sober Young Divine a Master of Art who 
preached to some of the People at their request ; The Select- 
men of the Town being Anabaptists, Issued a Warrant to 
tlie Constable to Convent him as if he had been a Vagabond, 
and like to be Chargeable to the Town ; a Copy of that 
Warrant is amongst the Papers ~ 

I humbly ask Your Lordships Acceptance of the 
Several Accounts given in these Letters and Your 
Lordships favourable representation of me to 
Her Majesty ~ 

Am am My Lords 
Your Lordships 

most obedient Faitliful 
Humble Servant 
J Dudley 
Since the writing of what is above 
referring to tlie Assessors of Dartmouth 
and Tiverton, being Imprisoned, by 
the last Sessions of tlie Assembly. 



266 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

That matter is Accommodated and 
the Persons Discharged of their Imprisonm* 
and the raising that money for the Support 
of the Ministers in the two Towns- 
suspended at present ~ 

End : ) Massachusets 

Letter from Col. Dudley Grov''! of the Massachusets Bay, 
Bated 1 March 1708/9. 



Boston March 27"> 1709. 
May it Please y'' Lordshipps/ 
My Lords./ 

I have reed your Lordshipps letter of the 
Seventh of July tlie 29"^ of Dec^ humbly pray leave to 
Answer./ 

That the Act yo"" Lord^P^ ofer for the 
Preservation of her Majesties woods has no relation thereto 
that Act Prespects only pitch pine of w*'.^ Tree is made 
Tar, Pitch, Tirpentine & Rozin, the mast Tree is another 
Speice tho both pine, the pitch pine is preserved by the 
Act to prevent the Destruction/ all at once and therefore 
such Sizes shall not be cutt and such shall, and thereby 
that tree w''^ now is to small will before you round any of 
those provincis. be fitt for use and so for ages her Majestic 
may be Supply'd, & the Materialls never wanting./ 
My Lords I had the Hon^ done me to be Con- 

sulted by your hon''.'*' board before that Act was Drawn, 
having been In those parts by his late Majesties Commis- 
sion on the same affaire as now I am, and by my Travails 
therein have Good knowlege of Its productions, w*'?' was 
approved of by your Lordshipps board, and afterward 
Enacted w'^'^out Amendmen'. '' 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 267 

My Lords My complaint against M^ Plaisted I 

hope Your Lordshipps Concieves it just, and altlio I 
Proved by three Witnesses the ('utting Six large mast trees 
yet was Cast the Jury being all as guilty as he was, & 
tlierefore I was Cast and forever shall be, ( till an Act be 
passed in Great Britain for the preserving her Majesties 
Woods in the Plantations) the Whole Tryal I sent yoT 
L^pjaps jg^gi^ yQ^j. notwithstanding M^ Plaisted has this 
winter cut many masts above his Contract th6 his Lycense 
Obliges him to his Contract w°.'' is Twenty Six Inches 
Diameter the largest & Eighteen the smallest, but he has 
Cutt masts above thirty Inches Diameter, as last year he 
did w'^^out License ; I most humbly pray your Lordships 
Orders whether he may Cut what, where & when he will 
Contrary to his Contract, and License, and my Instruc- 
tions./ and how I shall proceed on the Seizing such masts, 
or Otherways./ 

My Lords In yo^ Lord^P'' leter you were pleased 

to Direct that I must prove the Trees grew on Publick 
land if so, w'^? all psible Submition I pray leave to Say 
That It will be Impossible for me to prove that any Tree 
did grow In the Woods belonging to her Majestic or on 
Common land for the frontiers are very large, and the 
Inhabitants very many, and do Every year, Cutt many 
Trees w^.'^ I cannott Know of, they goe into the Woods for 
12 or 14 days togctlicr, w'.'^ I know notliing of and there 
cutt all what they meett w'" my Opinion w'''* great Sub- 
mition to your Lordsi^.^ is that wlicn any Tree is Cutt and 
Drawn to the Wat(,'rside that is above the Dementions the 
Charter reserves, and above the Contract Size contracted 
for, that then all such Trees were to l)e Seized by me, & 
the proofe to lay on tliose that Did cutt such Trc(! and not 
me for seizing the same (unless I could prove that such 
Tree was not Cutt in Prival grants) I most liuinbly pray 



268 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

your LordsP.*' Orders in this Affaire and on this head for 
my guidance./ 

My Lords The frontiers extends some what more than 
fifty miles, where the masts grow, and there is Seventy 
odd Saw mills on those frontiers and I have no assistance 
I hnmbly submitt it to your Lordships consideration. 

My Lords As to the Wast made In her Majesties Woods 
I have and am still Endeavouring to prevent, w*** all the 
Industry, Skill, and my uttmost Mannagment, but not 
to Effect, and Pray your Lord^.^ to remember, that I have 
noe Deputies ; having not received your Lord?? Directions 
on that head, that Charge was to great together w*!' my own 
Travailing Charges, besides the Law last year, and the 
Expence I am at In refreshing the guards that attended, 
til 6 the Gover'' ordred them, this is a Daily Expence and 
not to be avoided. In the Winter w''^ is the time I must 
be in the Woods, and many other Incident charges w^^ will 
daily Occur, to great for my paying, & I hope your 
Lordrshipps will Consider of it accordingly./ 

My Lords This is what I humbly aske pardon for 

Troubling yoT Lordp? so often about, but it is a charge 
that the Salary I have cannott Support if your Lordshipps 
Considers the matter, & humbly pray leave to answer one 
part of your LordP^ Leter, w'^.^ Says I solicited the Treas- 
urey & was not Redress'd, Jt is true My Lords, but it was 
Thus Your Lord^.^ board represented my Salary at once 
and when my Instructions were taken out w*^? was soon 
after I then knowing what Service I was to pforme, I peti- 
tioned my Lord high Treasurer, who was pleased to answer 
that he had done all that was represented to her Majestic, 
& that I should goe to New England, & if the Seruice 
required any further charge, I then must represent it home 
and he would Consider it, w'''' I have now Done, & humbly 
beg your LordR^ favourable representations of the Seruices 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 269 

I am Obliged to p forme, and I Doubt not of reliefc, for 
w'^.'^ trouble and your Lordp! patience, I most humbly beg 
pardon, and Doc Assure your Lord^P^ nothing shall be 
wanting in me towards preserving her Majesties Intrest 
and Progative to my uttmost Power Submitting all to your 
Lordshipps Great Justice & Wisdom./ 

My Lords As to MF Plaisteds Lycense in IGOl all the 
Masts were cutt & the Contract f ulllilled many years before, 
so by your Lordshipps Judgments on that Affaire the 
Masts ought to Seized as they are and he Proceuted both 
whch are Comply'd w*^'' the Offender is Cleered by the 
Jury, and the masts are under the Seizure w*^?' I pray your 
LordP.^ may be good to her Mae^^^ or to whome your 
LordP.^ shall in your Judgment think most proper./ 

My Lords I humbly pray your lordshipps to believe that 
the March*^ here told me the Premiums were not paid & 
did said That was the Reason of the Decreace of naval 
Stores, & as Soon as I Reed Your Lordshipps Lcters 
accquainted them therewith, who Ansuered twas of late 
if soe, But be the Cause what It will the Effect is very 
plaine for this year in the Whole lleett there is no more 
than 120: ^"^-^ii Tar: 1890 '■^^'" Pitch 124 Rozin 1333 barrells 
of Tirpentine, 

I can see the Woolen Manufacture here is Increaced very 
much and Growing Daily, But am In hopes that in Peace 
the people will be more Inclinable to the Making Pitch, 
Tar, &c for now there is a great Number of Soldiers 
Employ by the Government, besides the frontiers that now 
are Exposed to the Ravages of the Indians will be than In 
safety, those parts Producing good land, and most Proper. 

My Lords I have made some Progress in the Raising hemp, 
and hope shall in a few years be able to give Your JjordP.^a 
good ace* thereof having allmost gon thro the wliole man- 
agment of that Speice/ 



270 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

My Lords I most liumbly pray your Lordp? pardon for 

tlie mistakes I have made, and sliall take such care for the 
future not to be guilty of any such faults more, neither 
Avould I aske your Lordp? Soe often about my travailing 
Charges and other Expences, if I could Support my self 
and Doe the Duty required w^^'out an allowance for the 
same./ 

My Lords Your Lord^.^ was pleased to accquainte the 

Governor that your Lord^'^ was Informed that there was a 
great many Saw Mills in these two Provinces, and that I 
conived at, and gave leave too the cutting doAvn & 
Destroying good mast trees, and Converting them into 
Loggs, boards &c'^. w'^'' my Lords I Doe Denie, and begg 
Soe much fauour of your LordH^ as to send me the Informers 
names, and humbly pray that they may be Examined by the 
Governor and that he may report the matter of fact to your 
LordP.y 

My Lords I have in Order to find the truth of this Infor- 

mation fixed or put up a Paper at all the Meetting house 
Doores on the frontiers and those places where the Saw 
mills are and as well where the Inhabitants doe Log & Saw 
boards a Copie of w'^? is following after this leter and if it 
shall appear that I have been guilty I Desire, all the Afflic- 
tions and Punishments that your LordR^ can Invent, 
and other ways the Informers may doe me such Justice as 
your Lordshipps sliall Judge meett for such an Offence, 
for reputation is Eaquall w*l^ life. Submitting all to your 
Lord*!'^ great care and Justice for her Majesties Intrest, 
liumbly asking pardon for any thing that your LordP.^ shall 
think I have Offended in this Letter or other ways/ 

I am 

Your Lordshipps most 

humble and most 

Obedient Servant 

J Bridger 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 27l 

Copy of yc 

sd Advertisement By Jn? Bi'idger Supveyoi' Generall &c. 

Whereas there is adviee from Whitehall tliat 
severall persons of thos Provinces of New 
England Perticulerly of the Massachusetts and 
New Hampshire have made Complaint home 
to Great Britain that there is a great Number 
of Saw Mills in those Provinces and That I 
have given leave to the Cutting of good mast 
trees Into Loggs boards &c^ / 

I hereby give notice to the Informers and 
all other Persons whatsoever That shall make 
appear on oath, that I ever gave such leave or 
pretended to give leave and whom they sliall, 
or any of them shall on such proofe made 
Recieve one hundred pounds _g) 

And I doe further give notice that Whereas 
there is a great Wast made by the Inhabitants 
above said in her Majesties woods, and on 
Common land, not being the Property of any 
privat person, on mast trees, of more than 
twenty four Inches diameter at twelve Inches 
from the ground. All which are Expressly for- 
bid and are Reserved for her Majesties Seruico, 
by the Charter of the Massachusetts, the law 
of New Hampshire, the Offenders thereby doe 
incurr the Penalty of said Charter and law 
provided : for the Discovery and Dew-Proceu- 
tion of every such Offender, and for Encourag- 
ment of such as shall doe their duty to hei- 
Majestic herein, I doe promise hereby a reward 
of ten pounds to every person or persons that 
shall make Discovery of any such Offenders, 
Giving me such Information as I may be 



272 DOCUMENTARY HISTOHY 

thereby Enabled to pioceute to Ett'ect such 
Information, and to prevent all such Spoyle 
and waste for the future I doe hereby strictly 
forbid all persons whatsoever from Cutting and 
Destroying any Tree or Trees whatever that 
now doe grow or that shall hereafter grow or 
be in any of her Majesties Woods or on Com- 
mon land as before mentioned as they will 
Answer the contrary at theire Perril and the 
iittmost Severity of the Law Given under My 
hand in Portsmouth this seventh day of Febu" 
in the Seventh year of her Majesties Reign 
Anno Domini 1708/ 

J B Sury^ GenV — 

End : ) New England 

Letter from MC Bridger 
Surveyor General of g'^ Woods 
m A7nerica, dated at Boston 

y'^ 2'r'} of March 1700./ 



" Col" Noyes Letter a¥ Snow-Shoes./ 

Jan6, 17S" 

Newbury y'' 6 : of January 1709 : 10 
May it please your Excleucy 

I received your letter which gave me an account Concerning 
the snow shoe men that there wase two shillings for this 
yeare «& one shilling for next year granted to each of them, 
but Nothing alowed for the New snowslioe men as was 
expected, your Exelency was pleased to write to me the last 



OF TELE STATE OF IMALNE 273 

Winter that if any of our snow shoe men were tied or 
removed we shonld make u]) our number in the resjDective 
Companies as at the first, and that yon wold take care to 
Moue it to the generall court that we should be alowed for 
them as at the first or as the first were, and In obedience to 
your Comand 1 writt to all the oficers in the regiment and 
required them to make good their first Number of snow shoe 
men, and gave them incurigment that they should be alowed 
for them, and they do Expect five shillings each man for their 
snow shoes and mogginsons as the first had alowed them 
which is but halfs the first Cost, 

I have lost my Ensign e by Death, and wold Intreat your 
Exelency to apoint me another or give me leaue to Nomuiate 
one, my first sargent his name is William Titcomb which I 
thinke is a sutable man, for the place and in Cans your Exe- 
lency do aproue of the man and grant him aCoinition It will 
greatly oblige me who am 3'our Exelences most Hum])le and 

obedient servant. 

Thomas Noyes 

( Superscribed ) 

On Her Majesties Service 

To His Exelency .Joseph 

Dudley Esq'' Captaine general 

and Coinander in (!heef in 

and ouer Her Majesties 

province of the 

Massatheusets Hay 

In Newingland 

&c. 

Letter Roh^. Pike to Cnpt. Benj. Larriby. 

Casco ye 6: of January 170^ 
Worthy S'- 

These are to Informe you that this Morning the 

18 



2Y4 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Indians Came witli a flag of truce & 8 letters from M"" Little- 
field who Gives an a county^ as he was Oiiming from Cannada 
y* last fall he was stopt by a Cannade Indian and afterwards 
sold to a Norige^'*''^ Indean who has Kept him there this win- 
ter far better than he Could Expect & to Recompence him 
got his own liberty & Supply there great want which we 
sopose thay are now In has sent to pray y" Governor to Send 
a Sloop to [ Sackelipook] w ith Leut"* Poare & onely 3 men 
More he has allso sent to a Gentle Man in Boston to Send 
down 2 Hogseds of Corn 2 of Meal 1 or 2 of Pease 150 wait 
of Tobacco Sider Bear Cloth Shews & many other things 
within 15 days & thay will be there to meet y'" att y*' time 
appointed wee Could have but very little Discourse with y™ 
for thay would Cum not a step nearer y" y'^ Hill thay say 
thay have lyen still aboue a Year and porpose to doe no more 
Mischeif but bid us have care of y*' Cannede Indeans thay 
allso say there is great News att Cannade but will not tel 
what it is. this is all Needf ull att present with Due Respects 
to all freind 

from yours to serve Rob*- Pike 

( Superscribed ) 
For 

Cap'" Benj" Larraby 

To be left att 

Mrs. Mary Gefferses 

In Lin 



" Cap^i' Moody 8 Letter of the 27th of January, 1709/10 by 
V Bane - iv^^' a V from Josiah Littlefield. N". i." 

Casco 27 Jan'y 1709/10 
May it please y'^ Excellency 

This morning appeared three Indians upon y® Hill behind 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 275 

US w*'' a flag of truce : Que of them came forward and 
left a letter upon y*' fence which is here inclosed. 

They w'' hardly psuaded to tariy at all after y® 
delivery of y" Letter (being, as they said) ordered to y® 
contrary by y"" Sagamore, but in fine upon y* promise of 
a pipe of Tobacco w"" prevailed w"' to discourse ab'' Six 
Minutes & told Lev* Bean in short y' they of Kenne- 
beck had been quiet above a year, & designed to remain 
so, but withal cautiond him to be very care full, for they 
beleiv'' y*" French Indians would be abroad & do all y*' 
Mischeif they could ~ They also intimated to him y*- y"" 
was a party of them near, & y*^ Lev^ Littlefield of Wells 
was with them, & y*^ y'' reason of their comeing at this 
time was some great News they had at Canada, & y'' if 
I would write to y"" Excellency they would tarry in these 
parts till they had an Answer to y*' Inclosed, & so went 
off in hast - 

Leu^ Bean will be Able to give y*^ Excellency A more 
pticular ace* We are in extreme want of good whale 
Boats I would humbly pray y'^ Excellency to order us 
two or three p y'' Next Conveyance- And if I may be 
Any wayes serviceable in this affair, I should chearfully 
reveiue your Excellency's Orders, & indeav'" a strict 
complyance w"* them. 

I am y'" Excellency's 
most humble & obed*^ Serv* 
Sam" Moodey 
( Supersci'ibed ) 
To 
His Excellency Joseph Dudley Esq. 
Govern'' Captain Gen" & Comaud*^ 

in Cliief of Her Maj*y« 
Province of y" Massachusetts &c 
In Boston 
These g Lev* Bean w"^ all speed 



276 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

" Littlefield' L> to Ids Ex'-'J N? ^." 

Janeary the 29-17 

I tbovght it convanent to give to his Exilence an acovnt 
wheare I am and how the case stands with me I was cominsr 
home in the fal and was taken b}^ a canady Inden which toki 
me that I must go back to canady again and I tokl him I 
thovght 1 covld not by reason of sicknes in my Jorney and 
he tokl me then he wovld kil me and was a Inden that 
belonging to noiigway and I spake to him to plad for me 
that I might remain at norigway al winter and with much 
porswading he Sokl me to a Inden belonging to Norigway 
which have nvsed me and have recovered me and have 
promesed him payment for the love he bares to me in that 
rasp^ for he has been like a father to me and now he is 
very willing that I shoold com home if your Excelence 
wovl give leve that a slope may come to Sacatyhok and to 
send Joseph bane for thay have a dasier to come to spak to 
gather and thay wovld have no other man than Joseph bane 
to come for thay raknes that it all one as tho yovr one parsen 
wase theare if Joseph bane be living and if not som other 
good onest man. 

So I ramain yovr hvmbel sarvent hoping that yov will take 

pety on me 

Josiah lettelfeild 
and to send bvt three 

men and be side Joseph \ and after the arivel 

bane in the slop i } of this leter the 

) / Slo[)e to Sacothok 



in fifteen dayes 



( Superscribed ) 

for hare 
Maigsty Sarves 
in heaste 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 277 

" Josiah lAttlejield to TJiomas Barhar No. 5 " 

Jan vary the 29 17 

Cosen barber after my love to you and to al my frinds I have 
sent a leter to the govener that a slop may come to Sacothok 
and I wovld pray yov to send me this goods wich I set 
down- two hogsets of meale and one hogsits of corn and one 
hog'sits of pase and ten yeards of brodcloth of a sad coler. 
ten yeards blve brodcloth and a pes of Coten and vearey fine 
lase for theare cotes golovene of 2^-3 sort^ 4 yards of rid 
silk and a pes of holen verey f [ine] and a cote of drovet and 
4 peare of Slioes frinch fales 1 dusc^ns of knives and a bras 
cetel of two galens and a caster liat and two spoones and one 
pes of cloth for slierts and 50 wait of good role tobaco and 
100 wait of role tobaco tw° beariels of Sider one brel of 
beare and 15 Galens of rome and thred and silk for the mak- 
ino; and one dusen of braslets and some fine Shov bucles and 
two large ( hath^ ) and two cheses and a good hansome ocmie 
spovne and I wovld pray yov to send me a good svte of 
close and stocknes and shovse and hat and tel M'^ gugch that 
if he will Joyne hear is beaver anovf. 

pray fvlfil this papr and in so doing yov will oblige yovr 
frind 

Josiah lettelfeild 

( Superscribed ) 
for M-^ Thomes 
barber Att boston 

daliver 

" Josiah Littlefield to Gaf^^ Moody ". 

Jvneari the 29 170 
Cap Movdey after my love to yov I wovld [)ray yov to 
make these Indens very welcome for one is my mastei- thear- 



278 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

fore pray be kind to them anid if you can send me a old cote 
and a peare of stoknes and a litel tob[aco] if it be bvt a 
povnd or two no mor bvt ramaine yovrs to comand 

Josiah lettelfeild 
or Cap larbe 

( Superscribed ) 

for Cap Moodey 

or Cap larby 



Boston in New England Jan'^ 31, 1709./ 
My Lords./ 

My last General Letters were by Captain Rid- 
dell in Her Ma*^^ Ship the Falmouth, who being well Arrived, 
I hope your Lordships had the past Years papers and Accounts 
to your Lordships Satisfaction, This comes by Cap* Teate in 
the Reserve, who brings home y*^ Mast Fleet and other Ships 
from these Provinces, and in your Lordships Packetts now 
humbly presented there are in the files, the Acts of the 
Assembly's of both Provinces, Minutes of Council of each 
Province distinct, Continuation of the Revenue, & Taxes 
Granted to Her Majesty for the Support of the present War, 
which is this Year grown to a very great Sum, The last Years 
Expence Amounted to Thirty Thousand pounds for the 
Ordinary Service by Sea & Land in the Defence of y" Prov- 
ince iind the Thousand Musquetiers that In Obedience to her 
Ma'y® Commands were raysed in the s"? Provinces w^^ Trans- 
ports & Provisions for them Amounts to Another Thirty 
Thousand pounds, of which I must yet humbly Acquaint 
your Lordships, Her Ma'^® good Subjects have not been Lnpa- 
tient, but readily Granted the payment thereof to the Officers, 
and Souldiers & Saylors w*^? all chearfulness, in hopes Her 
Majesty, if the War Continue, will please to revive that 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 279 

Exped'°" in the Spring, there being no manner of doubt, 
vv*l' the favour and blessing of Almighty God upon Her 
Ma'^'* Amies, of the Reduction of Canada & Nova Scotia to 
Her Majesty's Obedience, and all the Trade of Naval Stores, 
enough for all Europe, will be intirely in Her Ma*^'^ Disposi- 
tion, & if a peace shouod Intervene It is humbly prayed that 
Her Majesty will Insist upon the rendition of Quebeck, Port 
Royal & y*" Dependency's. The Standing in Amies of ab* 
Three Thousand Men in all these Northern Piovinc;es dur- 
ing the whole Summer, & the march of the One halfe of 
them to a place called Wood Creek ( One hundred Miles 
distant from Albany ) the head of the French Waters passing- 
down to Mont Real, and ab' halfe way thither from Albany, 
where they raysed a Fortification and dwelt four montlis. So 
amused the French that they have Stood in their Amies all 
Summer, and not Suffered any Party's of their own, or the 
Indians to march upon the Frontiers, as in all times past. So 
that I am got into the Winter, which is my time to Visit 
them, if to be found, and my Snow Shoes are ready to March 
upon every Intelligence of their motion to their hunting- 
ground, about Two hundred Miles distant from this place, 
where th6 we do not alway's Meet them, yet they See our 
Tracks and are sensible So much of their Danger, that in 
August last Fifty Family's of the Eastern Rebels, who have 
been perswaded by the French to forsake their Allegiance to 
the Queen marched from Penobscott in the East, to the 
Maqua's Country, which must needs be Six or Seven hun- 
dred Miles, and in the presence of some Gentlemen fiom 
Albany, Acquainted the Maquas that they had been drawn 
into the War by the French Missioma-y's, That IVK Voudreuil 
the Govern^ of Quebeck promis'd to support them, & march 
halfe french wH' them, in their Expeditions, but instead thereof 
he had Neglected them, and they were all diiven from their 
Country these Seven Years past by the New Englanders, and 



280 DOCUMENTARY HISTOBY 

had not gotten One bushel of Corne in all tliat time, and 
were now come to dwell under the Maqua's feet however the 
Maqua's told them they were Rebels, and had Murthered 
their brethren of New England, and they would not receive 
them, and forced them to proceed to the Sinekars the furthest 
of the Five Nations, where they are Setled, and I hope I 
shall not have any further Trouble w*^'' them, so far as their 
Number will go, Because the Sinekar's will be their Masters, 
and while the Five Nation's Maintain their Friendship with 
us ; we must be safe of them, but there is Danger of the 
whole Body of the Maqua's least they desert us, upon the 
faylure of this Years Expedition, they are an Eager, Jealous, 
false People, and are very hardly steady ed in their depend- 
ance upon New York, the French Missionarye's are so con- 
stantly amongst them. 

I hope Col? Nicholson and Cap* Moody are Arrived long 
before this date, who came hither Voluntiers in Her Ma'^* 
Service for the Exped°°° to Canada, and who I am well 
Assured will justly represent the readiness and Obedience of 
these Provinces to Her Ma'^^^ commands for the Expedition 
to Canada, and humbly to represent the great cost of that 
preparation, and to pray Her Majesty's most Gracious Con- 
sideration and Assistance in the past charges as well as the 
further proceeding in that Expedition, for the removal of the 
French Colony's of Quebeck & Nova Scotia without which 
it will be Impossible for us to proceed either in our Trade at 
Sea or oiu' Inland Settlements, which tlie Industrious people 
of these Provinces are very Capable of, and ready to proceed 
in to the Advantage of Great Britain, as well as the quiet & 
Repose of the Inhabitants here. 

I have since my last Letters by Cap! Riddel, The honour 
of Three of Your Lordships Letters, -the first is dated the 
12'^'' of January 1708/9, the first Clause whereof refers to 
Naval Stores of Tarr & and particularly Masts, and the 
Security of Her Majesty's Rights therein. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 281 

1 most huml)ly Acknowledge your Lordsliip's favour to 
me ill Acceptance of my Service therein, I shall continue it 
w"' utmost Diligence, as your Lordships Sees in the New 
Hampshire Act referring to the paym* of Tarr mto the 
Treasury in all publick Taxes sent liome w"^?* Cap^ Riddell, 
and the other Law in the same Province, putting the Penalty 
of One hundred pounds for any breach upon y® Dimensions 
of Mast Trees, I have not yet made any further process in 
the Assembly of the Massachusetts to Obtayn it to be 
Enacted there, l)ecause at tlie same time that I represented 
that matter to your Lordship's, I also gave my Lord Sunder- 
land Account thereof, as was my Duty, and his Lordship in 
his Answer, of ye fourth of August 1709. After his very 
favourable Acceptance of my Service to Her Majesty, in the 
business of Naval Stores, seems to be of opinion that I had 
better have Omitted the Offer to the Assembly of the Mas- 
sachusetts, and let it have rested upon the provision in the 
Charter, as being sufficient Agreeable w'^ what your Lord- 
ship's have written which I humbly Confess I had better 
have done. If I had Expected the least doubt or delay in the 
Assembly's Obedience to the very Words of the Charter, 
which I keep strictly unto for fear of any demur, but my 
reasons why I Offered it, I shall humbly Submit to your 
Lordship's Censure, and do therein further as your Lord- 
ship's shall Command me ; Upon an action and presentment 
of a Trespass by M^ Bridger her Ma'^y^ Surveyor brought 
against certain Tresspassers, the Party's pleaded that there 
was no Law of the Province Enacted and published wherel)y 
they were made breachers, and secondly That MT Surveyour 
was not in Law the prosecutor so Established and declared, 
both which Exceptions, tho there be Nothing in Law, of 
Weight in them, prevailed w^^" the Court, and therefore I 
thought to Obviate & remove them by this Act which was 
also M^ Bridgers Earnest desire, that lie might proceed with 



282 DOCUMENTABY HISTORY 

the less difficulty, I humbly refer the matter to your Lord- 
ships Consideration, and shall do therein as your Lordships 
command. 

The business of Councellours for New Hampshire Men- 
tioned in that Letter, Labours still, I have but Seven in that 
List, two of them near Four Score, and Waldron Hilton and 
Smith, have not yet taken out their Warrants, if M^ George 
Vaughan who lately Attended your Lordships, and George 
Jaffrye's were admitted, or all five of them, it would be a 
service to the Province, they are men of the best Estate and 
Loyalty, in the Province, and without some of them, in Case 
of the death of M^ Coffin & M! Ware of the great Age I 
mentioned above, I shall with difficulty Get a Quorum of the 
Council for y*^ necessary Service of the Province. 

The Act referring to a Duty upon Negroes Imported, is a 
Clause in an Act Entituled, An Act, to prevent a Spurious 
Issue, brought in upon several complaints that several 
Negroes had lain w^V White Women, and has been since 
Transmitted in 1706, by Cap* Matthews & in the year 
1707 by Cap. Stuely and M^ Secretary Pople Acknowledges 
the receipt thereof in his Letters on file, and th6 the reason 
that I formerly Assigned of Negroes running from us, Seems 
to be equal w^^ Carolina & other Colony's, the force of it 
continues because they will alway's run to tlie Southward 
for warme Weather, and as the cold is disagreeable to them, 
so it demands of y'^ Master much more Cloathing, and Gives 
him much less Service for Six Month's in the year. 

Your Lordship's next Letter is of the Eleventh of Feb^'^ 
1708/9 referring to Her Ma^^^ bounty in the Supply of Ord- 
nance & Stores for y® Province of New Hampshire w^*' are 
all since well arrived & disposed by a Committee, Major 
Vaughan of Her Majesty's Council, M^ Penhallow Treasurer 
& Comissary General and Cap* Flunkins Speaker of the 
Assembly, The Ordnance in the Fort, and the powder in 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 283 

Two places for fear of Danger, and Inclosed is their Account 
& Receipt, as well as Copy of my Orders thereabout, which 
is the best posture I am capable to Dispose them into, and I 
hope will be to your Lordships Satisfaction as well as to the 
Board of Ordnance, to whom I have Covered the same 
papers & Accounts of Expence downe to the 24"' of June 
last, as I am Commanded. 

Your Lordships last Letter in of the 28^!^ of March 1709, 
referring to the furtlier Encouragem* of the Production of 
Naval Stores, and to have consultation thereupon, in (Jbed- 
ience whereunto, I have had several Meetings of the princi- 
pal Merchants and Traders in those Commodities, and 
Inclosed in what they have humbly to propose. 

I shall not fayle to Use all possible Endeavours to better 
those Commodity's & Encrease the Trade of them, but while 
the War lasts, it will not rise so fast, the Tarr burners are 
forc't to straggle in y® Woods, & are often in Danger of the 
Enemy where they work, as well as that they are necessarily 
taken off from their Labour into the Service of the War, to 
guard the Frontiers, and this Year Especially to that Degree, 
that every Fifth man in the Province was Obliged to serve, 
there being Two Thousand men of this Province in Amies, 
and our Lists of the whole in Ordinary make but Ten 
Thousand. 

I hope M^ Bridger doe's me right to acquaint Your Lord- 
ships that in all his Visitations of y^ Woods he has as often 
as he Desires, Guards of Musquetiers & Troopers to Secure 
him ( as I have Myselfe ) & Warrants to all Sheriff's, Consta- 
bles &c. to Assist him in Seizing and Discovering any 
Trespass, & Securing the Trespassers there is yet some Mis- 
understanding between him and M^ Collins Agents, whose 
Warrants to provide Masts for her Ma}^^ Service are come to 
hand, but there is yet, but One Sliip of Three Arrived to 
take up the Masts, which if kept too long in the posture they 



284 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

are here in, will suffer damage, how the Delay of the Ship's 
happens, we have here no Account, unless that they are 
otherwise Diverted, and if so, other Ships Must be gotten 
least y'' Masts be hurt by the Indians, or suffer w*J* bemg 
undrest, or by lying part in and part out of y® Water, I am 
Semsible the bringing home of Masts at this time is a great 
Service to Her Majesty, and therefore have thought it my 
Duty to Cover the Labourers in the Woods, \v^^ good Guards, 
these seven Years past, without which they must have been 
left to the Enemy, every day they Used an Ax in the Woods, 
and I sliould be sorry after all that Labour, any of them 
should be lost. 

I am Informed there is before Her Majesty, I suppose at 
your Lordship's Board a Complaint from the Government of 
Connecticutt referring to the Line parting the Two Provinces, 
The General Assembly here, have Earnestly desired that they 
may be heard thereupon and doul)t not to Sett that matter in 
a true Light to Her Ma'^* Satisfaction, The Question is Sev- 
enty Year old, and nothing new since my Arrival, nor am I 
any otherwise concerned in it then to know her Ma'^* pleasure 
& See it Obeyed. 

I shall Trouble Your Lordship's but w^^ One Short Article 
or Two more, the first is referring to the Supply of her 
Ma'^y^ Ships of War with men, which notwithstanding the 
late Act of Parliam^ forbiding the Takeing of any men, out 
of Privateers or Ship's Tradeing in the Plantations, and not- 
withstanding the heavy War upon the s^ Provinces by the 
French & Indians, as well upon the Frontiers Inland, as upon 
the Coast by Sea, which the last Year Imployed So many ; 
Her Majesty's Commanders of the Men of War, particularly 
Cap! Teate now returning thinks himself hardly dealt with, 
that he has no Men Supplyed to him from hence, which is 
Impossible for me to do, - Unless I take the Planters from 
the Plough, or Trades men from their Stalls, Notwithstand- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 285 

ing I have allowed him to beat up his Drums for Voluntiers, 
and Encouraged him to See his Fleet well man'd, and to 
borrow in case of Necessity, a man or Two out of each Ship, 
it being for their own Defence and to restore them again at 
his first port in Great IJi-itain which is all that is in my power, 
since the Act of Parliani* has otherwise provided for liis 
Supply. 

I should be wanting to my Duty, if I should not here Sub- 
joine that Cap* Teate for Three Years last past, lias behaved 
himselfe with all Diligence, and to my Satisfaction in liis 
Attendance upon the Coast. 

The other Article is referring, to One Thousand small 
Amies that her Majesty of her great bounty & favour sent 
hither for the Expedition to Canada, & w*^ whicli One Thou- 
sand Effective men were Armed for that Service, and are 
now taken and Secured by the Officers, that they may if that 
Service do not proceed, be taken in, and kept at Her Maj- 
esty's Castle of this place, for tljc defence of the Province in 
any future Expedition, which will be a gi*eat Strengthning of 
the Country, & always ready for y" Service, and if otherwise 
Absolutely given to the Souldiers, as by Some is Expected, 
will be soon lost or dis})osed, beyond any power of the Gov- 
ernm* to bring them into tlie Service again. I liumbly Sulv 
mit this Article to your Lordsiiips Consideration, to Move 
Her Majesty tlierein, if it be Agreeble to Your Lordsliip's 
better Judgement tlierein 

My Lords, In tlie defence of this country these seven 
Years past, I have done the Utmost, to defend the Province, 
and have had good Success theri'iii, and have Endeavoured 
to put forward the rayseing of Naval Stores, and in this last 
Summer, have had my Quota of men Superiour to any Her 
Ma'y^ Governing my neigh boiir,s, and shall not faile, if I may 
have Her Ma*^* commands for the Revival of that Expedi- 
tion, and I humbly pray that my Service may be Acceptable 



286 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

to your Lordships, and that Your Lordships will please to 
represent me well to Her Majesty. 
I am 

My Lord's 

Your Lordships 
Most obedient humble Servant 
J Dudley 

End : ) 3Iassachusets 

Letter from Colonel Dudley Crov^. 
of New England., Dated the 3P^ of 
January 1709/10 relating to the 
provinces under his Grovernm*. 

[ with abstract ] 



To His Excellency Joseph Dudley Esq^ 
Captain Generall and Governour in chiefe, in, & 
over her Majestys Province of the Massachusetts 
Bay, & the Hon**^^ House of Representatives, in 
Generall Court Assembled ffeb'"^ 1 : 1709. 
The Petition of Thomas Willis of Medford 
Humble Sheweth 

That in Obedience to Your Excellency's Order 
Dated the Tth day of October 1708, Your Petitioner Imbarked 
his Servant Peter Eeds, on board the Province-Galley, the 
next day, to Proceed to Winter=Harbour, to do the Mason's 
Work of Her Majesty's ffort, then Erecting there, who 
accordingly Performed the s? Service, & was absent from 
Your Petitioner thereupon, untill the 17th day of Novem"" 
next after, in which time are 35 Dales besides Sabbaths, for 
which at 3/6 p diem ( the wages the s'^ Eeeds was Taken 



OF THE STATE OF MAESTE 287 

from at Castle William ) there is due to Your Petitioner the 
Sum of Six Pounrls, two shillings, & six pence, which Your 
Petition"" has made application for, to the Hon^^** John Wheel- 
wright Esq"" one of the Commission" for Building the s'' ffort 
who sales They have not money to Pay the s"? Wages, & 
Y^ Petition^ remains hitherto unpaid. 

Your Petition'' therefore ilinnl)]y Prays Your Excel- 
lency, & Honours, to Give order to the Province Treas- 
urer, to Pay him the s"^ sum of Six Pounds, two shillings, 
and six pence, being justly due to him, more than a 
year since. 

And Your Petition^ Shall as in Duty bound Ever 
Pray 

Tho- Willis 

In the House of Representatives 
ffeb^y 9th 1709. Read & 

Resolved That the sum of Six Pounds, two 
shillings, & Six pence be Allowed & Paid, 
out of the Publick Treasury, to Thomas Wil- 
lis the Petitioner, for his Servant, Peter 
Eeds his wages, abovesaid. 
Sent up for Concurrence. 

John Clark Speaker 
February 9 11^ 

In Council - 
Read and Concurr'd 

Is'""^ Addington Secry 

Petition of David Jeffries. 

To his Excy Joseph Dudley Esq"" Cap*^ General & 
Gov"" in chief in & over y*" Province of the Massachu- 
setts Bay in N. Engl''- The Hon'^'« the Council & 



288 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

House of Rep^'sentatives in Gen" Court Assembled 
Feb^y 1'' 1709. - 
The Petition of David Jeffries of Boston Merch* 
Sheweth 

Tliat the Pinke Unity lately built at Kittery John Evars 
Masf, being a new Ship never yet at Sea hailing on board 
the Ship New Hampshire for y*" Sitting of her Masts, tooke 
out of her some Merchandizes Imported from Great Britain, 
& Directed for this place, to help ballast lier, being then to 
come about hither, to Take in her Ladeing, the whole ffreight 
whereof from Piscataq amounted but to Three pounds, Fif- 
teen Shillings, for w'^*' the Impost Officer, demands Tunnage 
or powd'" money to be paid for the s*^ ship contrary to the 
Common Usage for Ships built within this province, from 
whence She has never yet Sailed 

Yo'' Pef therefore prays yo"^ Ex^y and this Hon''^® Assem- 
bly, That the Demand of the s"^ Impost Officer may be 
Abated, And that he may have Direction to Clear the s'^ 
Ship without requiring the s'^ Duty of Tunnage 
And yo"" Pef as in Duty bound 
shall ever pray &c 

David Jeffries 
In the House of Representatives 
ffeb'-y 7th 1709 Read & 

Ordered That the Prayer of 
tliis Petition be Granted 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Clark, 

Speaker 
Die pdict. 

In Council. 
Read and Concurr'd, And y* y'' Officer be Direct'^ 
accordingly. 

Is* Addington Secry. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 289 

Letter from Joseph Dudley^ Governor, Feb. 3, 1700. 

Boston, febr. :3, 17U1J. 

Honest Bean is witli nice with your Letters & returns 
witli Instructions to proceed to Sagadahock for the rcdeif of 
Litlefeild & to hear what the Indians will say 

Hill brings him in his sloop with four whaleboats for 
your service you must take great care in their dispatch & 
return as soon as may be & let there be nothing sent said, 
nor done but wliat you have my Express orders for tlie busi- 
ness with Those llouges is so Nice & of such Importance, 
that nobody must ( Insert ) themselves into it 
Send Bean either in the sloop I am your servant 

or whaleboat as you think best. J Dudley 

I have spoken to my biother 
Scwall about Longfellow. 

You are always safe when 
you remember your orders. 

" Copy of Letter to Cap*- Sam'^ Moodey Casco Fort, 
Feh'-'J 1709'' 

Boston Feb'y 4'" ITOI) 
S'- 

Your Letter came to me by Bean & Inclosed a Lett"^ 
from Littlelield, Whereupon the Assembly Sitting Advised 
me to proceed to Send Bean in a Sloop to Sagadahock to 
releive Littlelield, & to hear wliat the Indians would Say- 
But before his Departure we are Surprized by a Lett^ from 
yo"" Fort Signed Robert Tike that Tells us of other Lettei-s 
from Littleficld, Importing y^ Sending of Hoggshcads of 
Corne, Meale, pease, Clothes, Shoes &c of which you have 
given me no Advice, hereupon by the Advice of the Council 

19 



290 DOCUMENTAHY HISTORY 

& Assembly, 1 have withdrawn my Orders to yo'' selfe & 
Bean & y** Instructions as being not well Informed how to 
prDceed for want of those papers, & yo'" further Letters of 
what you know. 

This will delay my Resolutions, & may be a great hurt to 
the Service, if the Ind"^ in the mean time Shew themselves, 
you must Insist upon the Delivery of Littlefield without any 
purchase but that upon his Delivery to you, if they will Tell 
you what they would have me know from them, you will 
carefully Report it to me and give them my Answer in 
Twenty days.- 

You must keep Bean to Interpreat, & send some oth^ good 
Courageable fellow Express with your Letters with all possi- 
ble speed 

Yo-- Serv* 

J Dudley 

Letter from Capt. Samuel Moodey to Governor Joseph Dudley, 
nth Feb. 1709/10. 

Casco 11th Feb^y 1709/10 
May it please y"" Excellency 

This day Lev* Bean returnd av'*" y' Excellency's letter, 
' I am heartily sorry y* my inadvertency should occasion 
y'' delay of y"" Excellencys designs & prove hurtfull in 
any measure to y® intended service. 
The inclosed letters came w**' y*^ other from Lev* Little- 
field w'^'' I confess I ought before to have given advice 
of, & must beg y*" Excellency's pardon for my neglect in 
y* Matter. Yet withall ( being greatly astonished w**^ 
advice I have now from Boston as if I w"" suspected 
of ill designs in concealing y'' inclosed letter to Barber, 
V* a private trade w"' y"') 1 do sollemnly protest to y"^ 
Excellency ( & before God I be not ) y* my design was 



I 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 291 

only to prevent its comeing into y'' hands of private 
gsons who might send them supply's w^'' out y"" Excel- 
lency's Knowledge ; & y^ I have never designed any 
such tiling, or so much as entertained a thought of it, as 
well knowing how displeaseing it would be to y"^ Excel- 
lency, & injurious to my country, in whose Service I 
have ever indeavoured to be faithfull, & hope, if by 
providence I w"" called to it, I should not account my 
life dear. I have now sent y"" Excellency y^ whole truth 
of all y* 1 know. No indians have appeared since Le* 
Bean left us, but 1 gsume are yet in y*' Bay or places 
adjacent one of y"^ Cannoes being discovoured near Jew- 
ells Island by a Fisherman y* came in here about Eight 
days since. I am 

y Excellency's most 

humble & Obedi' 
Servant 

Samm" Moodey 

''Fehni 2^th 1709 His ExceWy^ L"^ accompaiii/ing a 2'^ Z*"^ 
from Cap* Moody iv*'' ttvo L^^^ from Littlejleld '"- 

Tuse[day] Evening 

S^ 

This evening an Express from casco bay brings me this 
Letter, with two from Littlefeild one to Cap* Moody the 
other to his Couzen F)arbar put the Letters now in order. 

1 M' Mood} l""} Letter. 

2 Litlefeild letter to the (iovernour 

3 Capt Moodys 2*» letter 

4 Littelfeild to Moody 

5 Litlefeild to Barbar 

& after you have comunicated them to the Countnl carry 
them your self to the Representatives and Desire them from 



292 DOCUMENT AKY HISTORY 

iiiee to Read them in order & if they have any thing to 
Advise me thereupon, 1 Desire them to do it freely, & 
speedily. 

your servant 

J Dudley 

[Superscribed] 
[To M""] Secretaiy Addmgton 
Boston 



Letter from Capt. Andreiv Robinson. 

Most honoured Su- i am heartily sory that there is such delays 
in what was proposed when as we might have been out near 
ten days since but our people are backward and espishaly the 
niillitary ofesers notwithstanding in my first proposmg the 
thing they did much incourige me however i shall now pro- 
seed with the greatest dispatch that is possible to compel 
the two captts to make up my complement that i want wliich 
is about thirty men Sir i shall not fail to do my utmost to 
have your Order executed who am your humble subiect 

Andrew Robinson 
[Superscribed] 

To his exclency 
Joseph dudley 
Esq'- 



Letter from Qov^ Joseph Dudley to Capt. Sam} Moody ^ 
Feb. 15, 1700/10 

Boston feb'-, 15, 1709/10 
S" 

I have now your second letter enclosing two other from 
Levtenant Litlefeild, that, to you is of no Importance, the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 293 

other to Barbar, referring to provisions and Goods to be sent 
to Sagadahock &c, I always pitty a prisoner in Indian hands, 
especially when their Masters are Indigent, & in Necessity 
of Every thing, but no Circumstance of that nature has yet 
altered my resolution, ( never to buy a prisoner of an Indian ) 
least we make a market for our poor weomen & children in 
the frontiers. 

The business of seeing them at Sagadahock ( being Entan- 
gled with that Expectation of a Trade with Barbar ) is per- 
fectly over and will admitt of no further Consideration. 

if they were in Earnest to release Litlefeild or hope for 
any thing from mee, they will Come again, & then you will 
Exactly foUow your orders of the fourth of february to Insist 
upon the delivery of Litlefeild, & to tell you their Errand to 
mee, & they shall have my answer in twenty dayes & for the 
future whatever happens, never do, nor send, nor say any- 
thing but what you have my orders for, & never hide any 
thing tho it seem to be of the Least Importance, let mee 
alwayes know it, you may treat them civilly to get some 
knowledge of their affayrs, but keep your superiority, & dis- 
tance as serving this Government & Express to mee as often 
as any thing occurs. 

The General Assembly are yet sitting to whom I have 
communicated your last letter, they are sensible of your mis- 
take in keeping back those two letters, and are well assured 
it shall be otherwise for the future. 

I am S'' your humble servant 
J Dudley 
Read in Council 
& sent to y'' Representatives. 



294 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter from Isaac Addington, Secretary^ to Col. Partridge, 
February idt. 1709/10 

Boston, February ult. 1709/10 

His Excellency has this day communicated in Council, 
Your Letter to himselfe accompanying those from the Mag- 
istrates of Albany, with the Copy of a Letter from M^ Vaud- 
reuil Directed to Col? Peter Schuyler, by the hand of his 
Messengers there attending from Mont Real on pretence of 
Negotiating an Exchange of Duteli Prisoners &c one Aimes 
of Deerfield brought thither with them, for some French 
Prisoners at New Yorke, & Beuvenire taken at Haverhill and 
Le-ft'eur, two of theirs in our hand, the latter propos'd to be 
Exchang'd for Aimes with a great Demand upon him for his 
redemption out of the hands of the Indians : 

It's no hard thing to penetrate into their Intreague, The 
Designe being to conciliate a new friendship, and Neutrality 
with the Albanians as they have lately had ; to gain Intelli- 
gence of the motions and preparations of the English ; and 
leave this and other Her Maj*^* Colony's to take care for 
themselves.- 

M'" Vaudreuil takes no Notice of his Excellency, Neglects 
to write to him, thinking to Obtain his Prisoners from hence 
by the Interposition of the Gent" of Albany, well knowing 
how false he has been and Violated his promises made once 
and again to return all the English Prisoners, and that long 
since, upon which all the French Prisoners on his side were 
sent home by way of Port-Royall ; Knowing also his Ex'^^^ 
Resolution never to Set up an Algier Trade to purchase the 
Prisoners out of his hands, and Direction not to have them 
sent to Albany, but to have them brought in a Vessell by 
water from Canada, or down Kennebeck River to Casco Bay 
or Piscataqua. In which Resolution he continues, and it is 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 296 

agreeable to the mind of the CounciL- So that Airaes iimst 
go back with the Messengers, unless he can otherwise Obtain 
his Liberty ; you will furtlier Exaniin him particularly refer- 
ring to the State of Quel)eck and Mont-Real, how they are 
as to Provisions and Clothing; what Store Ships arrived 
there the last Summer and other Shippmg, and what are 
there now? what new Fortifications they rays'd in the Sum- 
mer past, and where ? 

And by the next Post from Albany you must send for 
Beuvenire from thence, and wi'ite to the Mayor and Magis- 
trates to adjust the Accompt of the Demand for his Keeping ; 
which as is Intimat'.* is very Extravagant beyond what is 
usually allowed for Prisoners and Let draw upon the Gov- 
ernm* here paym*- and it shall be done. 

In case the Hunting Mohawks attend you It's thought 
Advisable that Major Stoddard joyne a Serj^ & Six Centinels 
of his best hunters w"' them, who will take care to Observe 
them, and they will be a good out scout, for w'^'' you have 
his Ex^P Letter & Order w"' this.- 

You may Adjust the Post, as is propos'd from Albany If 
the Service will be as well performed, & the Charge of the 
Province be thereby Eas'd, but the Albanians must not think 
to make a purse from us, and to Exact more than it would 
be done for by our own people. It being much better that 
they have y** Advantage of what must be Necessarily 
Expended- 

This by the Ord'' of his Ex^y with the advice of the 
Council from 

s-- 

Yo"" Veiy humble Servant 
Is^ Addington Secry 
The Lett^ to Mr Vaudreuil must be 
sent to Albany by y** Post. & forwarded 
from thence by an Ind" w*!* out Charge or 
otherwise by y"^ french Messengers there, no\v Attending.^ 



296 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

The Crovernor's Speech. 

"Boston 25"' May 1709 

Gentlemen 

There are more than Thirty Years past wherein this 
Province & onr Neighbours have l)een Troubled w**" the 
Incursions of y*" Indians Supported by the French to the 
great hindrance of our Settlem^ both of Plantations & Trade, 
dureing w"^" time we have been Oppressed w"' great Losses 
and Greater Taxes, for the Support of our Frontiers, and 
have been alway's sensible That tho We have well defended 
ourselves, and these last Seven Years, better than in former 
times, when we have been forced to draw in our Out Planta- 
tions, We have yet had no view of the End of our Troubles, 
while our own Indian Rebels, as well as the other Tribes of 
Indians Dependants & Confederates to the French at Que- 
beck & Montreal, have been Supported & Annimated by the 
Constant Supply's from them, in all w"'' time we have Earn- 
estly desired and lately humbly Addressed her Majesty ffor 
such a strength of shipping & Land forces to be sent hither, 
that might destroy those Nests of Robbers, and put us into a 
Capacity to be masters of the Indians depending upon them. 

And I am now to Acquaint you That her most Sacred 
Majesty out of her Royal Regard & Compassion to her good 
Subjects has Resolved to Send Such a superiour fforce of 
shipping, as well as Land forces, as with y*^ Addition from 
us, & all her Ma^^^ Governm*^ our Neiglibours by y® Blessing 
of Almighty God, will be well able to Reduce those Colony's 
of y*^ French to the 01)edience of tlie Crown of Great Britain, 
who if this Opportunity be lost will insensibly grow in Num- 
bers & Strength to y^ Greater Annoyance of these Colony's." 

" It is plain to every Considering man that while there is 
a French Nation in Europe so bigoted to the Romish Relig- 
ion & so set upon perfidy and Destruction of all protestants, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 297 

that have dependant Colony's in our Neio-]il)ourliood, we shall 
have no rest or Ease, as plain that if they are removed y® 
Indians must inevitably become Vassals & Servants to us, 
having no possible means to be supplyed w''"' Arms or 
Ammunition but from our selves, which must certainly 
Encourage us to do our Duty and put forward to the Utmost 
that her Ma*^® Royal favour towards us, and great Expence 
in this Expedition be supported & Assisted by us to the 
Utmost of our Ability, & tlie Ease and profit and Estabhshm'^ 
of these Provinces will a Thousand fold repay us."/- 



" SiJeech to the Assemhly " 

" July 13. 1709 

Gentlemen 

I was willing to give you The trouble of a Short Session 
at This Time that you might see the Forces raised in obedience 
to Her Ma'y^ most Gracious Cofnands for Tlie intended 
Expedition ; upon the Success whereof depends The future 
Establishment of All Her Maj'^^^ Provinces and Goverm** on 
This Shoar. It is come to A plain Question who shall be 
masters of North America. I huml)ly hope by The Good 
Providence of Almighty God it may now be determined in 
favour of Great Britain, And The True Protestant Religion 
and its Establishment here. 

I have to acquaint you That the Twelve Hundred men 
and proper Officers are raised : and armed by Ilei- Maj'^* 
P>ounty And our Quota cloatlujd and subsisted at your Gost, 
and at present Quartered in this Town and The villages near, 
And There are Thirteen Transports fitted and provided with 
four months full Allowance of Provision as you agreed in 
your Last Session in Obedience To Her Maj'^^ Coinands." 



298 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Boston August 17^*^ 1709/ 
May it Please your Lordshipps/ 
My Lords/ 

I most humbly pray leave to Informe your 
Lordshipps, that the inast cutt by M^ Collins factor are 
now In number more than three hund** besides those left 
in the Woods w*^*" are a great many all lying Perishing and 
Rotting, and are like so to do M^ Collins have not yet 
loaded one mast since I made the Seizure of those masts. 
Cut without Contract, or lycense, nither will he this year 
his mast shipps being Employed in the Transport Seruice, 
and Imposible for them to be here this Winter ( there was 
one Shipp Loaded last year, but on M^ Richard Eylons 
account w''^ is Since gone of,) by the next many of those 
if not all will be made unseruisable to her Majestic. 
My Lords/ I most humbly pray your Lordshipps 

Leaue to Dispose of those masts that are now under seizure 
before they are wholly Spoyled, or soe many as will reim- 
burse me, of the Sume I layd before my Lord treasurer for 
his acceptance Duplicates of which bills I lay'd before your 
Lordshipps ; and for my travailing Charge since, I humbly 
Submitt to your Lordshipp Allowance it being one year 
and halfe since./ 

My Lords, 

I have not been so happie to receive your 

Lordshipps Answers on the allowing Deputies or Deputie 
Surveyors It being Imposible for one person to Preserue 
all the Masts, or Woods from Spoyle on the Whole fron- 
tiers the Inhabitants thereof living Cheifly on geting Loggs, 
and In the Woods, with all defference and Submition, I 

humbly Subscribe./ 

Your Lordshipps most 

Obedient and most 

humble Servant 

J Bridger 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 299 

End :- New England 

Letter from MV Bridger 
Survey o'^. Genh of ye Woods S^c 
in America^ dated at Boston the 
17H' of August 1709 

Appraisal of Mr. John Stovers' Shallop. 

These May Certilie whome it May Concirne tliat we whose 
names are Under written Were appointed to appraise a Shol- 
lop of M^ John Stouers of York that was Impressed by Cap" 
Lewis Bane Coo" of the County of York : after the finding 
of a man dead upon Wells sands and a Raft of Ships tackel : 
adjudged of all hands to Come from an Hand Called Boon 
Island Lying about three Leag South East in the sea from 
York and said Bane with others beleueing that their was men 
In destress on said Island : on the first day of this Instant 
January Said bane Commanded said Stouer with three men 
with him to Put to sea in said Shallope from Cape Neddick 
in York to make discouery on said Island which they did and 
found there ten men in Cxrate destress but the sea was so 
bousterus that they (Jould not Gitt them off from said Island 
Gaue them sum Subsistence and made the best of their way 
for the harbor but a storme Came on so that they Could Not 
harbor that night : the Next Morning Early the Shallope by 
the Violance of the wether was droue on shore and Cast 
away one of us the apprisers was on borde with said Stouer 
when Cast away and the other an I^ye wittness : and accord- 
ing to our best Judgment said Stouer lost thereui the Vally 
of said Shollope and Tackle besides sum small tilings saued 
forty four Pounds Eight shillings six pence if Paid in money 
Wittness our hands York January the fourth 1710/11 

Samuell Webber 
George Jacob 



300 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

York ss 

May the 23tli 1711. Samuel Webber and George 
Jacob Personally appeered before me and made Oath to 
the abone written appraisment to be according to the 
best of tlieir Judgment 

Abra : Preble Justis of peace 



Capt. Samuel Moodey to Grov. Joseph Dudley^ 13 July 1710. 

Newcastle 13 July 1710. 
May it please y"" Excellency 

I arrived here on tuesday y® 11"' Instant Y® Gaurd from 
York came to me last night & we are this morning setting 
sail for Casco. I have spoken w**^ some fishermen lately come 
from our ffort who inform of some Shallops fireing upon two 
or three of y® Enemy some where about Penobscut after they 
treated w"' y'" some time & Supplyd y"* w"' a small quantity 
of Bread w*^** they asked for tis here reported y^ One or two 
of y** Enemy were wounded if not killd ; They have since 
appeared often at Casco & tis probable will indeavour to 
revenge themselves upon some fishermen or any other y® first 
opptunity they have- Y*' Excellency was pleasd to give me 
some incouragem* About makeing some addition to our Gar- 
rison w''^' would be a great favour, if it were only for One 
month or two at y^ juncture, 

I am 

Y"" Excellencys Most 

Humble & Obed' Serv* 
Sam" Moodey. 



OF THE STATE OF MAn^E 301 

Letter from Capt. Samuel Moodey to Gov. Joseph Dudley^ 
16^'^ July 1710. 

Casco IS^i" July 1710. 
May it please y"^ Excellency 

I arrived at Casco y** IS*** Instant & found all well in y® 
Gariison, setting aside some disturbance y*^ had been occa- 
sion'd by y'' Deserters, who haue been too much incouraged 
by some Mutinous gsons in Among us 

My Armour'' is going off ( according to your Excellencys 
order) in y*" Sloop w*^^*' I haue this day dispatchd. & I psume 
we shall be very easy in a little time. 

On Weddensday y® 12"' CuiTant seven Indians came to 
y*^ Fort with a flagg of truce, pretending they have News to 
tell, & seem very desireous of peace, & Liberty to return to 
y'' old quarters in Casco Bay. 

Lev* Bean suspected y'" of some ill design ( luiueing 
been lately fired upon by Some fishermen somewhere ab'' 
Penobscut, w*'*' I gaue y'^ Excellency An Acc*^ of from Piscat- 
•A(\\x?^, ) & would not speak w*^^ them himself ; but sent a 
Serg^ to tell y™ y' here was no body to discourse them, but 
y*^ I was Expected every Hour, & they might have liberty to 
come Again, upon w'^'' they went Away, promiseing to return 
in four days «& deliver y"" Message to Mee. I shall carefully 
observe y"" Excellency's instructions in my treatment of them, 
& shall express to y"" Excellency, as y'" is Occasion to give an 

Acc^ of u* Occurs 

I am 
y Excellency's Most humble 
& Obed' Serv^ 

Sam^' Moodey. 



302 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Grovernor s Speech. 

"Boston IQ^*- July 1710. 
Gentlemen, 

In Answer to our repeated humble Addresses to 

Her Majesty Her Majestys Sliipps of war forces & Stores by 

the Good Providence of Almighty God, are hapily arrived for 

our releife against the common Enemy in our Neighborhood. 

I have No Doubt of your ready &, Chearfull Obedience to 

Her Maj*y* Commands for our Quota of the forces Transports, 

& other necessary provisions for the Service." 

" Her Majesty has been pleased to appoint & Constitute 

the Hon''^® Colonel Nicholson to Command the forces in the 

present intended Expedition ". 

Letter f 7' om Capt Samuel Moodey to Giov^' Joseph Dudley, 
July W*'' 1710. 

Casco 20**^ July ITIO. 
May it please y"" Excellency 

I gave y'^ Excellency an Ace* in my last g Serg* Hilton 
of y® Indians being here y'^ day before my Arrival & y® 
treatm* they met withal. Yesterday y'' 19**^ Instant A great 
number of them appear'd ( I suppose near 50 ) who, they 
said, came from all quarters, Pigwockett, & Penobscut as 
well as Kennebeck — They pretended much sorrow for y® 
mischeif y® Indians had done upon y" frontiers, w'"'^ they had 
warnd us of in y** Spring, & promised to give advice of y'' 
Motions & designs from time to time : & withal complain''' 
of y*' Fishermens unfair treatment of them under a fiagg of 
truce, & gave us y" Same Relation of y*^ Matter w*'*" y*^ Excel- 
lency had from Piscataqua. 

M'' Littlefields Master was y" man y* came to us, & told 
Lev* Bean The ffrench were very Angry with them for 
bringing Littlefield to our Fort, & haveing now no CoEaerce 



OF THE STATE OF MAIKE 303 

w"* them, were come for a Supply from y^ English According 
to y' Excellency's promise in y' Letter sent AP Littlefield y*- 
they might freely come hither at Any time & be civilly 
treated. 

They have heard by some ('aptives y* 4 of iM aquas were 
gone to England & were much concern'd to know whether 
they w' retumd, & w* y** Issue of y*^ matter was, to w'"'' I 
made them little or no Answer- 

They plead as formerly, y'' desire of Lying still if tlicy 
could have a Supply, Otherwise they could not live, l)ut 
must return to y" French, & seem'd much disgusted y*- no 
more notice was taken of y"'; pticularly Littlef" master, who 
thought he deserv'^ a reward for his pains in going round y** 
country to bring y^ Indians hither. 1 reply'd to y" y* they 
had no reason to complain of their treatment here : and as to 
trade & supplyuig them w"' Provision ( w*'^ they earnestly 
begg'd for) I would forthwith send to know your Excel- 
lency's pleasure & they might expect An Answer in ten or 
fifteen dayes.- 

I gsume they are very needy, yet dont seem to abate Any 
thing of y'' lofty imperious temper, & act as if they ho})'d for 
a Complyance w*'' y'' Excellency upon y'' own Terms. I 
would humbly pray y"" Excellency's Answer & gticular 
directions in my Fartlier treating of them. 
I am Y" Excellencys most humble 
& obed* Servant 

Sam'^ Moodey. — 

John Usher EsqK to Board of Trade and Plantations. 

New Castle 17^?' Aug^^ 1710 
Right Hon"' 

Humbly make bould to give the trouble of these 

lines Her Majty haveing bin pleased to give me a Comis- 



304 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

tion for L* Govern^ In province of New Hampshire, many 
years Served, never liad anything for suportt thereof, 
though two thousand pounds raised of her Majtys Subjectts, 
under Notion of Agency, when in truth nothmg butt a 
private Law suite, however sliall be always faithfull as to 
trustt reposed in me. 

Occation of these Unes, my comeing into the province, 
found one M\ Richerd Wakleron, & Mark Hunckings 
admitted Members of Councill under pretence of Ord^ 
from the Queen ; Examining the ord^ finde an order in 
Councill signed by E. Southwell, in w*'.'^ is ordered, y* 
Right Hon''' Secretarys of States prepare Warrantts for 
Her Majtys Roiall signett ; the Genl judgeing her Majtys 
favo^ & order nott worth the charge, in takeing order out 
of Secretarys office, getts a minnitt Councill from E South- 
well Esq"^ office, by itt the Governor admitts of them in 
Councill, as more at large may aper by minitts sentt to 
L''* plantations : w*!^ humble Submistion oughtt to be outt 
of Secreteiys office w*^}^ Roiall Signett, conceive ye goe by, 
the Secretarys office, Slightt on Queens favor : & affront 
on Queens ord^ haveing due respectt for the Crown, judge 
my duty to representt true estate of things, crave Exscuse 
for trouble of these lines, & Subscribe 
Riglit Hon'^i 
Yo^ moste Obedientt & 
Hum''' Serva**^ 

John Uslier 

U: 3P: John Usher 

Nevcastle in 
Nciv England Aug. 17. 
1710 U aovernor of 
New Hampshire. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 305 

JoJiji Usher Es(f9 to the Setretary of State. 

New Castle 25 Novemb': 1710 
May pleas yor L'^shp. 

by his Excys Speache M^ Allen Sur- 
rendering his claime to province New Hampshire, if pur- 
chased Her Majtys claime will be from Naumkege to portt 
Roiall in S^ Tractt is all the Trees fitt for Masts & Navall 
Stoares fitt for Her Majtys Service. 

There is such destruction of Trees for Boards, am 
informed by Major plaisted, if Some Strictt care & y^} 
Speadily, in foure years times noe masts fitt for the Crown, 
the Surveio^ though prohibitts, & seizes, the Goverm^' nott 
assisting, uncapable to serve the Crown, Opinion either 
Governo"^ or L* Governor have Comistion for SurveioT 
w*? power & liberty to make a deputy. 

for an actt to be made for preserveing woods & Nurs- 
ery will never here be made to answer the end, therefore 
an actt in parlim'? moste prop^ I once sentt heads for 
one ( Same may be there perfected ) to plantation board. 
Lett Actte never soe strong made & strictt, if act putt in 
Execution, will never obtain judgem*^.* for the Crown, 
because Crown never had rightt : Soile being in Natives 
as judges of Courtt have declared, & all persons as judges 
ag** Queens right I humbly pray an Actt may be pastt 
wherein Crown or others concerned : if either partys in any 
case desires a Spetiall verdictt judges to directt the jurys 
soe to finde ; if nott all evidences being in writeing Secre- 
tary State may appeall to Superior Courtt & there give in 
reasons of apeal w*^? reasons & Answers shall be in nature 
of a Spetiall verdictt & incase of apeall for Engld : ye whole 
Case w^^ Seal of province be remitted, & meritt case entered 
on in Engld, & there either confirmation or revertion. 

There is absolute necessity of a Courtt of Chancery, 
for Her Majtys Service & relief e of the Subjectt. 

20 



306 DOCUMENTABY HISTORY 

Itt's an unhapiness, judges in this province (where 
Crown concerned ) Instead of setting as Judges, plead as 
Attorneys ag* Crown, as Vaughan & plaisted, if a poore 
lojall Man Comitts a crime, shall be handled with Severity 

I humbly presentt names for Members Councill. 

I crave yor L'^ships favo^ Genl' Nicholson Cap* Stud- 
ley & others may attend yo"^ L'^ships, & give ace** whatt 
hath bin under theire information & observation in this 
Goverm*.* 

pray for a Company Souldiers for the ffourtt, will be 
to strengthen & Suport of Hon^ Govern**, Security for 
Ships y*.* come for Navall Stores ; Guard for getting 
Masts, & to Surveio^ woods to guard him 

humbly pray for 200^ to make a Bridge from Main 
Land to Island, for releife of ffourtt if attached ; be of 
small Service. 

This Goverm** never gave me one peny for Service 
therein, thinking to starve me, & by affrontts discourage 
me in discharge of my duty. Still shall perform the Same, 
they haveing nothing ag** me, butt I will maintain purog- 
ative of Crown, & Mony shall nott divert me. 

M^ Walderon being admitted Councill, I Suspend 
him, comeing in att wrong door under notion of a Mandate, 
& affrontt on yo^ office, not persuantt to Queens ord^ as 
may Se by minuitt Councill a person ajudge for Setting up 
natives rightt to soile : ag** Crown Grants 

One M^ Armstrong goes by this conveniance by 
whome this comes is capable to give a true acco** of Gov- 
erm** & Soile, & in perticuler Quit rentts whome I rec- 
omend to y"^ Ldslips for information crave leave to 
subscribe 

My L"? yo": Obedientt Hum"' & 
Dutifull Serva*.* 
John Usher 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 307 

E:) W: John Usher 

New Castle in New 
England Novem 25. 

1710 
L\ Governor of 
New Hampshire 

Memorial of the inhabitants of the Middle part of Kittery. 
March 12, 17^ 

To Ris Excell'y the Governo"" Councill & Representa- 
tives of the province of the Massachusets Bay Con- 
vened in General Assembly y® 12*'^ of March IT^^ 
The humble Memorial of her Ma*''* good Subjects y* 
Inhabitants of the Middle part of Kittery in y® County 
of York. 
Whereas Yo' Memorialls have been Informed that a petition 
has lately been preferr^ by Some of the Inhabitants of the 
Lower part of this town relating to y® Settlem* of a Minister 
&c^ the Contents whereof wee know not but are Informed 
about two days since by one of that party that there is to be 
a hearing of that matter on Wednesday next being the 19^^ 
Insta* And that they had a Coppy of y® Courts Order but 
would not let us have it wee therefore humbly Suplycate 
that if there be any ord"^ wee may liave Legall Notice thereof 
and may be Serv'd with a Coppy of y® s'^' Petition from M"" 
Secretary that So wee may be able to make Answer there- 
unto and that y® Matter be Continued to a further day that 
so wee may have time to provide for our Defence, Wee Sub- 
scribe yo"^ Excellency & hon" most humble Servants 
Richard King \ Selectmen of y*^ 
John Dennet / Middle part of Kittery. 

Kittery y« 12'i» March ITg 



308 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Read. 

March 20*? 1711. In Council. 
Ordered That this Hearing be Adjourned to y® 2^ 
Wednesday of the Session of this Court in May next. 
Sent down for Concurrance. 

Is?- Addington Secry 
In the House of Representatives. 
Read & Concurr'd 

John Burrill Speaker 



Letter from Col. TJiad Walton to Gov. Dudley^ March 23, 1711. 

Casco Bay March 23: ITll 
May it Plese yo'' Excellency 

I am this Day arrived at Casco Fourt & have Sent one of 
y^ transports to give your Excellency An Account of my 
Proceedings, I have cairfully Obseirved your Excellencys 
Directions refering to y^ Exchange of ye Captives, I made 
no Shew of y® Vessells at y^ fourt but Ancher** in a by place 
behind one of y® outermost Islands, where I mended my 
whaileboats which Dun, I improued y^ first fair wind and 
Saild to S* Georges Islands, whare Leveing y® Transports, I 
on y® nex Day took my boats and made Dilligent Sirch for 
y^ Enemie, on all y® Islands and Likely places on y® Sea 
Shore as far as pinnobscut, and I thank god who has Deliv- 
ered Six of y® Enemy into my hand two of which are slaine, 
y'' other four I will Send to your Excellency. By y® Infor- 
mahon of y® Indian prissnors I Came on y® Village whare 
Casteen Live^ but notwithstanding my utmost Care I was 
{ by sum Connoos which wee Chast but our boats Cum not 
up with ) Discouer^ and y® Indians ware all fleed, but I took 
prouissions anough to furnish an armey which my men brought 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 309 

of as much as tbay Could and Distroy*^ y* place with y' 
remainder, by y'' prisners Information I allso found two ves- 
sell which ware fitted for privateers which I have burnd by 
reason thay ware froze vip with Ice, I then returnd with my 
boats before y® vessells to pemoquid Sarcht y' river and 
places adjacent allso Kennibeeck as far up as y® Ice would 
permit y° sent a Scout twenty miles further up by Land but 
with out any Sucksess, from whence I went by water and 
Land to Pejepscut Amoscogin and with all possible Care 
Sircht all Casco Bay Hands. 

S^ I have sent a party of men up Saco River and with y^ 
remainder am Supplying y* fourt with wood, This Comes to 
yo'' Excellency by Cap* Harmon who is a good officer and 
can Informe you of Each action more perticularly and of all 
my proceedings. 

I have Severall men Sick but I bless god I am well my 
Selfe and all my officers. 

I Should bin glad If I could have dun better Service but 
It was two Late in y® year, I shall wait here for your Excel- 
lency* further Commands no more at presant but Begg Leave 
to Subscribe my Selfe your Excellencys 

Hum^i<» 

Obediant 
Servant 
Sha*^ Walton 
the Officers present 
y'' Humble Duty to 
yo"' Excellency 

[Superscribed] 

On Her Maj*y«'> Service 

To 

His Excellency Joseph Dudley 

Esq'^ Captaine Genereal and Gour' 

in Cheif in and Over Her Maj*y«« 



310 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Province of y* Masachusetts Bay 
& New Hampshier in New England 

p Cap' Johnson Harmon 



Oapt. Samuel Moodey to Gov. Joseph Dudley 
March 2S, 17''/ 12 

Casco 23 Marcli 1711/2 
May it please y*" Excellency 

Co" Walton return'd yesterday to us with y® Forces, 
from whom y" Exc^ will have a full ace* of y® Expedition. I 
gsume He may have done his Utmost to surprize the Enemy, 
Along the Eastern shore as y'' season of Year & craziness of 
y® Whaleboats would allow, I have shown him y"^ Exc^* 
Order for y" Exchangeing y® Men y* have been long here in 
y® service, for whom I would humbly intreat y"^ Ex^^^s Favour 
y* they may be wholly dismist ( haveing been more than four 
Years in the Garrison here & many of them altogether Unfit 
for y*^ service. Our Garrison hath lately been visited with 
A malignant fever, with wch ten men at once have kept their 
beds in Co" Waltons absence for near three weeks & two 
have died, besides One in y® Winter w'^'' I gave Y' Ex'^y an 
Acco! of. I should account it a Special fav"^ if y'' Ex'^y 
would please to Allow me my Usual complement in y^ win- 
ter, of sixty men besides officers, now y* y® Summer is 
Advancing, when we may expect the Enemy will be often 
Visiting of us. I desired y' Ex'^^^ direction in my last ab* y*" 
Exchange of the prisoners, whether I might give them part 
of theirs for an Equal number of ours, or stay for their 
bringmg all. The Squaw is desireous once more to go into 
y® Country to look for them ; whether it be y'' Ex^^^s pleasure 
y'^ I should send her Alone after y*' drawing off y^ forces, or 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 311 

wait for their comeing in, I should gladly know g this Con- 
veyance. I shall indeav' carefully to comply y"" Ex'^^s direc- 
tion in y* affair & all others committed to my Trust. 
I am 

Y"^ Ex'^y* most humble 
& Obed' Servant 
Sam^' Moodey. 



Petition of Leivis Bane, Coroner. June 2, 1711. 

To His Excellency Joseph Dudley, Esq'' 
Captain Generall & Governour in chief of Her Maj- 
esty's Province of the Massachusetts Bay &c^ & to the 
Hon^^^ Councill and Representatives in Generall Court 
Assembled 
The Petition of Lewis Bane Coroner of the County of York. 
Humbly Sheweth 

That Your Petitioner in January last being Called to 
Attend the Duty of his Said Office upon a Corps, found 
upon the Beach in the Town of Wells opposite to Boon 
Island, reasonably Suppos'd that a Wreck, had happened 
upon the s"^ Island, & thereupon Ordered a Shallop with a 
Suitable number of men to go off to the said Island where 
they found Ten men in the utmost distresse whom they 
happily releived. 

But when the Shallop return'd ashoar, a vehement 
Storm arose, which brake her to pieces that she is wholly 
lost. The Owner thereof applies himself earnestly to your 
Petitioner for Pay, for the same, which your Petitioner 
humbly supposes not just or reasonable that he should 
give it and as little reasonable that the owner Should bear 
the Losse. 



312 DOCUMENTABY HISTORY 

Your Petitioner therefore humbly Prays Y"" Excel- 
lency & this Ilon''^" Court to Order the Payment of the 
value of the s'^ Shallop ( which is hereunto annex'd ) out 
of the publick Treasury, or in such other method, as in 
your wisdom shall be thought fit. 

And y'" Petition^' as in Duty bound shall ever Pray 
&c. 
Boston, June 2d. 1711 Lewis Bane 

In the House of Representatives 
June 5, 1711 Read & 

Resolved That the Prayer of the Petition be Granted 
and that the Sum of fforty four Pounds eight shillings 
& Sixpence be Allowed and Paid out of the Publick 
Treasury, to Capt : Lewis Bane the Petitioner, to Pay 
for the Shallop within mentioned. 
Sent up for Concurrence 

John Burrill Speaker 

In Council 
June 5? 1711. 

Read and Concurr'd 

Is* Addington Secry 



" Returyi of the Laying out the Head hounds of Kittery 
present'! Octtoh": 171V\ 

Pursuant to the Ord'' of the Gen" Assembly held at Bos- 
ton y** 30th day of May 1711/ Appointing & Impowring us 
y^ Subscrib" a Coiiiiittee to Lay out y® head bounds of Kittery 
within y® County of York. 

Wee have Accordingly on y^ 18th day of Septemb'' Instant 
run y^ s*^ bounds as foUoweth Viz : by Newchewanack great 
riv'' begining at Quamphegon ffalls from thence Extending as 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 313 

s'' river runns Northwest and by North nearest up into y^ 
Country Eight Miles unto a falls known by y® Name of y® 
Stair falls where there is a Certain great hemlock tree marked 
on y® North Eastward Side of s'^ River and from thence runs 
North East & by East Eight miles unto a great hemlock tree 
marked and Sundry other small trees marked near it which 
is y® northward bounds of s*^ Kittery, and from thence run- 
ning Southeast and by South unto a Certain river runing into 
a pond known by the Name of Proneybeage pond and by s'^ 
riv*^ unto y® s'^ pond and so through s** pond unto y** South- 
east End thereof to a pitch pine Marked «& from thence to a 
Certain Spring known by y" Name of Bakers Spring runing 
out from und"" a Certain rock known by y*^ Name of y" 
Engraven rock Lying from s'* pond South Southeast Nearest 
which Spring & rock is y® Antient & known bounds between 
y® towns of Kittery & York 
Kittery y-^ 20'^^ of Sept 1711 

John Wheelwright 
Abram"" Preble : J"" 

In Council 

Oct*' 19th & 20th Read and accepted. 

Is^ Addington Secry 
Sent down for Concurrence. 
In the House of Representatives 
Octo' 22 : Read, 23 : Read & Concurr'd 

John Burrill Speaker 

Consented. J Dudley 

Petition of Lewis Bane in behalf of York. 

To His Excellency Joseph Dudley Esq' Captain 
Generall & Governour in chief of Her Majesty's 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay, and to the 



314 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Hon*'''' the CouDcil & House of Representatives in 
General Court Assembled the 17^*" Day of October 
1711. 
The Petition of Lewis Bane Representative of the Town 
of York. 
Humbly Sheweth 

That this Honour^ Court, has for diverse years past 
had a compassionate Regard to the s** Town & in consid- 
eration of their Impoverishment by the War Abated their 
Taxes & afforded them Assistance towards the Mainte- 
nance of their Minister, which your Pef most humbly & 
thankfully Acknowledges. 

And craves leave further to Suggest that their 
meeting =House is so far Decay'd, that it is not thought fit 
to be repair' d, and the s'^ Town are now Erecting a new 
one which is so heavy a charge that your Pef is well 
Assured their reverend Minister M"^ Moodey (whose great 
worth is well known to this Hon^ Assembly) will not 
have due support from the s^ Town in it's low circum- 
stances, while that weighty work is upon them. His 
maintenance being raised by Contribution, he ever refusing 
it in the method of a Tax. And y"^ Pef further humbly 
shew's that there is constantly in the s*^ Town a military 
Comp^ in the Pay of the Province ; which their s*^ minister 
Preache's to and Pray's with them, & other fforces from 
time to time, marching against the Enemy, 

Your Pet^ therefore humbly Pray's 
your Excellency & Hon^? to Take the 
Premisses into Your favourable Con- 
sideration & Grant such Allowance, 
out of the Tax of the s? Town for the 
Support of their Minister afores? as to 
your great wisdom shall seem fit. 
And your Pef as in Duty bound shall ever Pray. 

Lewis Bane 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 315 

Answer. 

In the House of Representatives 
Nov. 7. 1711, Read, & In Answer to this Petition 

Resolved That the sum of Twenty Pounds be Allowed 
& Paid out of the publick Treasury to the reverend M"^ 
Samuel Moodey minister of York towards his Support for 
this year. 
Sent up for Concurrence. 

John Burrill Speaker 



Letter from Capt. Sam'' Moodey to Gov. Dudley 
Jan. 3. 1712 

Casco 3 Jan'-y 1711. 
May it please y' Ex«'y 

We have this week been visited by all y* Kennebeck Indians 
who lay two nights within musket shot of our Garrison very 
peaceably. They express a great deal of joy & Satisfaction 
at y*^ news of peace w"^ I have inform'd them of ; I have 
withal intimated to them y* they could not reasonably expect 
to have y® Benefit of it when perfected, ( The peace with 
them haueing been made a considerable time after y'' War 
began between y^ two Kingdoms, when they declared them- 
selves y*' Queen of Englands subj'* ) unless they would give 
some satisfaction for their perfidious breach of y® last treatys 
with them, & good assureance for their peaceable behaviour 
for y*^ time to come. 

And when I only propos'd this Question to y'' Sagamores, 
What have you to do with this peace? & what if our Gov- 
ern^ should Say you shall have no peace, what course would 
you take ? where would you have your supply ? 

They were confounded & answered not a word, only y' y® 
French had deceivd & di-awn them in & they now Saw tlieir 



316 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Folly & intimated their willingness to comply with Anything 
y"" Ex°y should offer to them. 

At length I hinted to them by Lev* Bean y* I might pos- 
sibly be their Friend & speak Something for them, which 
they greedily catchd at & nothing would serve their turn but 
I must make some propositions for them. I told them I 
could propose nothing, haveing no direction to say further. 

They then urg'd my comeing to Boston to acquaint y' 
Ex^'y with what they Said ; I reply'd y* I was but just returnd 
to my Post, however if need were I could possibly obtain y"^ 
Ex*=y leave for my going off when the winter was broke up — 
I am satisfyed they are reduc'd to y^ last extremity for want 
of provision ; I have been Oblidged to feed their whole com- 
pany of men Women & children for several days & could not 
get rid of them, They pleaded y'' Exc^ had sent for them, & 
they had nothing of their own to live upon. 

I have sent Lev* Bean who will be able to give y"" Ex<^y a 
more perticular Acco*^ of our treaty, by whom I should gladly 
receive your Exc^s farther Instructions referring to y' Affair 
I am 

Yr Excys most humble & 
obedient Servant 
Sam^i Moodey. 

Letter from Oapt. Samuel Moodey to Grov. Dudley 
Janv 6, 1712. 

May it please y"" Ex'^y 

While Lev'' Bean was detaind here some days by bad- 
ness of weather, The Indians have made us several Visits. 
In my discourse with them to day, some mention was made 
of a letter I sent to y"" Ex^^y by Lev* Moses wherein they 
calld y' French Govern"^ their Father & intimated their wait- 
ing for Mons"^ de Vaudreiiil his thoughts referring to y^ peace ; 



OF THE STATE OF MAIISTE 317 

I told them plainly if they expected & depended on his 
Determination of the Matter y' Ex'^y would have no more to 
say to them ; & y* they who had so often Submitted to the 
English Governm* might never Expect to be treated as 
Subj** to y^ French. They were greatly Surpriz'd & said 
they were wholly ignorant of what their Minister had written 
& y' Mons"" de Vaudreiiil had nothing to do with them & y* they 
had little reason to hearken to those who had drawn them 
into such a snare by persuading them to break their Cove- 
nants with us ; & protested ( haveing been taught by long & 
sad Experience their Own Folly ) they would wholly renounce 
the French Interest, if y"" ExcelF^ would receive them into 
Favour once more - 

Lev' Bean can more fully declare y® matter to your 
Ex^'y how much they Seem'd concem'd y* the French should 
imagine to bring them into subjection at such a rate ; & fur- 
ther Said y® French were much afraid they should come over 
to us. They Again earnestly desire y'' Ex^y would send 
some proposalls to them in order to a firm & lasting Peace. 
Severall other Matters gticularly referring to y® State of our 
Fort I have desired Lev* Bean to Acquaint y'' Ex^y withal, 
concerning which would humbly pray y'' Ex'^y^ Direction. 
I am y'' Excellencys 
most humble & Obed' Servant 
Sami' Moodey 



Letter from Crov^ Dudley to Capt. iSanih Moodey 
Jan. 17, 17n. 

Boston IT*'' January 1712 
S'- 

I have your two letters by Le* Bean and therein observe 
well eno the Indians desire of being in friendship with us for 



318 . DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

their own supply & benefit, but with the advice and Consent 
of the Council & assembly do Peremptorily Insist upon it 
that I will not see them nor speak further without first they 
deliver at your fort all the English prisoners in any of their 
hands either with them or any Indians at panobscot passama- 
quody or elswhere within their reach, & you may let them 
know that I have sixteen principal Indians of Cape Sables in 
my hands whom I am inclined to send to their own Country 
& set them at liberty but that I will not Give nor take any 
redemption for prisoners, which is inconsistent with a peace, 
upon which all the world over all prisoners whatsoever are 
always freely set at liberty. 

& you must offer them with that Condition to write for 
them to Mee that they may see Mee at piscataq^ & Assure 
them I shall treat them with all kindness upon their submis- 
sion as they know I have done when I saw them Last let 
them have by your Interpreters the repeated knowledge of 
what I Instructed you at your going hence and by My last 
letter & this & that I shall humbly submit all that I say & 
do to her Majesty for her Most Gratious & royal Comands 
in Every thing referring to them. 

You must Industriously & skillfully pass through these 
Conferences with them & keep all in writing that you do & 
say & if you write to me for them you Must Make them 
signe it. 

You may assure them that all the negotiation of peace in 
Europe as well as here is at the Instance of the french king 
& that all the Articles are in favour of the English Interest 
Everywhere, if they conceed to you that they will send & 
fetch the prisoners from penobscot you may go on to write 
for them to Mee then- Submission &, what they pray for. 

& let it be their own motion if you can bring it to pass 
that they give their principal Children as hostages to us, 
that some English men may be desired by them to dwell 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 319 

amongst them to be witnesses of their good, behaviour towards 
our people & that thereupon they may be further Encouraged, 
as I would have you let them know that I shall be willing to 
see them as above, so I will appoynt the time & place & 
Number that shall attend Mee which must not be more than 
5 or 6 sachems as Many servants and four at Least of their 
principall Children for Hostages 

Youi- Servant J Dudley 
To Captain Moody 
Casco. 



Letter Gov. Joseph Dudley to Col. Walton 
March m, 1712. 

Boston, March 26*!^ 1712. 
S^ 

I have your Letters of the 23'^ Instant and am well Satis- 
fied of your Service and that all is done for the time that 
was in your power and that the Season would Allow and 
before that It was Impossible for the Ice to Move either by 
Sea or Land./. 

You will Accordingly Acquaint the Officers & Souldiers 
y' I thank their good Service. 

And now further Direct you as Soon as the Necessary 
Service of the wooding of the fort which Captain Moodey 
will Desire is over that you then Embarque the fforces and 
make the best of your way to York having first Exchanged 
Such Number of men as I Orderd with Cap* Moodey & giv- 
ing him four men above his number you receive from him. 

Immediately upon your Arrival at York Dismiss the 
Piscataq men Colonel Tyngs men and Colonel Saltonstals 
men, and out of the Essex men if they will hold out fill up 
the Three Companys of Lane Robinson and Willard. 



320 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

This Direction I have already written to Major Plaisted to 
Attend and Assist & see it done whose Company and Assist- 
ance I am sure will be Acceptable to you. 

I am S'^ your Humble Servant 
J. Dudley. 
Let Carver Come away 
Immediatly upon the Landing 
of the Souldiers at York or 
Elcewhere. 

Make no more stay than is 
absolutely necessary at Casco. 
I want Carver and the 
iirontiers want the men. 

Col° Walton 



Letter from Gov. Dudley to Capt. Sam} Moocley. 

Boston March 26*1^ 1712 



S' 



I have written the Necessary to Colonel Walton for 
your Exchange and Ordered him to give you four Sup''nu- 
meraries and to Wood your ffort which I hope is already 
done because I earnestly Desire the Soldiers in their places. 

referring to the Squaw and the Children In your keeping 
and the four new ones brought to you, I am Informed that 
the Squaw is a Little Altered in her Temper and will not do 
me the Service She is Capable of and I think it best to do 
nothing at present but Let the Indians come first to you 
unless you have an other Indian woman fit to go of that 
Errand which must be left to your Sound Discretion at this 
Distance and when you come to an Exchange get what you 
can of the Prisoners of this Province for any or all of them. 
You must do what is possible and if you do not satisfie your 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 321 

selfe You have always a power to Delay them by Saying that 
you will Acquaint your Governo'" however if you think yet 
the first Squaw fitt to be Trusted you may send her and give 
her a short time and as Short an Errand as you please & 
think proper and Let me hear from you & you shall have the 
News from great Britain when it Arrives which I must have 
before I make any Alteration in the fforces and ffrontiers 

I am S' 

your humble Servant 
J Dudley 
Upon further Consideration keep your prisoners Safe 
and Say nothing till the Indians Apply./- 

Cap* Moodey 



Letter from Commiss^^ of y^ Indian Affairs, N. Y., to Col. 
Sam} Partridge. 

Albany 28"^ July 1712. 
Coll? Saml Partridge 
S": 
We do hereby acquaint you that one of our Indians 
is this day come from Canada who has been from hence 2 
Months who Says that now 15 days ago the gray Lock went 
from Montroyall with 12 Indians more in one troop and a 
party of Eight Indians more at that time in another troop 
who are gone out Against New England, we are afraid that 
they'l do some mischiefe on your fronteers before they 
Return home, we do Exhort you to be on your Guard, this 
Intelligence we thought fitt to Communicate unto you ^ this 

21 



322 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

Express who we desire you'l satisfy we Remain with Respect 
& leaving you in the protection of Ahnighty God. 

your very hum^^^ Servant 
Tho Com" of y® Ind : Affairs 
[Superscribed] Pr: Schuyler 

On her Maj! Service Hend : Hunlen 

To Mynderz Schuyler 

Coll° Samuel Partrige John Schuyler 

at Pieter Van Brugh 

Hatfield 
P post. 



Letter from Col. Richard Waldron to Gov^' Dudley 
Aug. 25, 1712 

Cochecho 25^'^ Aug?* 1712 
May it please yo' Excellency 

This morning I gave yo'' Excellency an Ace" of y® 
Enemies Appearance yesterday & of my Sending out ab* 40 
men this morning before day who being returnd Say that 
when they came into the Woods they found the track of the 
Enemy ffar greater than it appear'd yesterday & cant Imag- 
ine the Number to be less than 50 or 60 & phaps they are 
but a part of a greater y* came in to victual their camp 
for wi'^'^in 2 miles of my house our people found killed five 
oxen & ten horses they carryed away all the flesh of the oxen 
& of 2 or 3 of the horses & they may have killed & carryed 
away many more, for those our people Saw were Scattered 
about the Woods, & killed yesterday. 

When they killed the cattle the Enemy Scattered after them 
so that we could not find any considerable track after that & 
the Extraordinary rain retarded our further March they are 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 323 

now SO well Victualled y* in all piobubility they will Strike 
a blow somewhere before they goe off. 

I am mustering w" I can to take y*^ Woods Again to morrow 
morning but am afraid of going too Weak least y*^ Enemy be 
more Numerous than wee Expect, I have sent to y® bank ffor 
men this night & pray'd Cap* Robinson to bring or Send 
mee w" men he can, 'twill be too late to Send to Exeter or 
Hampton for this march but I have ordred y™ to Stand upon 
their Guard & to have the one halfe of their men ready to 
march at a Minutes Warning, I am 

Yo"" Excellency's most dutifull & Obedient 
Rich'i Waldron 



[ The followiyig without date or name of the writer is in the 
hand-writing of Col. llichard Waldron.'] 

On thursday morning I sent out Cap* Davis w*?* one luin- 
dred ffourty Eight men to March So ffar as to ffnd out y" 
track of y'' Enemy who went hence in the way to Winipi- 
ciauky ab* Eighteen mile into y** woods to the Northw'^ of y® 
Norwest, aV 10 mile above Cocheeho they found the track 
of ab* 10 or 12 Ind"* that came from y® Eastw*^ & returned 
upon their own Track — w".*^ are Supposed to be y*^ Same that 
Kill'd y« 2 Children. 

the first day they could lind no track of y*' Army but bending 
their Course more Westwardly the next morning *& So South 
West & Southwardly till ab' noon & then they came upon 
their track w*^''* was mucli greater than they made w*l^ 148 
men w'" they followed Townward ab* 2 or 3 mile & then 
Discovered many trees w*^'^ y* bark newly peel'd olf, «Sc so 
Imediately came upon the Wigwams in a very Obscure place, 
they were Seventeen in Number & Several of them double 



324 DOCUMENTARY HISTOKY 

Wigwams ab* 8 mile in y^ Woods distant from the place 
where they laid their Ambush on y*' Sabbath day — 

W" they came near the Town they dispersed themselves 
& So going off, & Cap^ Davis & y'^ rest of y® Officers are 
Well assured they Imediately return'd upon their own track 
w*^.^ they gfectly discovered, Soe that wee are all Satisfied 
they are now gone off Except Some Small Scouts, that may 
be left behind. 



Letter from Col, Richard Waldro7i to GrovZ Joseph Dudley^ 
Sept. 6, 1712. 

Cochecho 6"' Septemb"^ 1712 
May it please yo'^ Excellency 

Yesterday I gave yo"" Excellency an Ace" Portsm" of 
Cap* Davis March into the Woods w*" 148 Men who return'd 
last night : Inclosed is a gticular Acc*^.* of w" discovery he 
made in That March — 

^ch giYes us ffull Satisfaction that the body of y** Enemy are 
drawn off & my Selfe Just Occasion to dismisse our men 
ffor y*' pV — ( Except Capt Davis w"' y** Constant Scout ) 
however I have ordred y™ all to be ready at y** first call & 
await yo'' Excellency's further pleasure herein. 

Ever Since the Discovery of y® Enemy's ambush o"^ 
Woods have been so full of men that they dared not to 
attempt an attack upon us w*? their main body but marchd 
off as fast as they Could for Cap* Sales he believes they never 
Staid one night in their wigwams as they went off, I am 

Yo'' Excellency's most dutifull & Obed* 
Rich'i Waldron 
I Desired Cap* Eaton to march this 
way as far as oyster river but have now 



OF THE STATE OF ]\IAINE 325 

advised him [to re] turn, y'^ Newbury 
troop Lodged [here] last night and are now gone 
to Nechowonuck. R. W. 

[Superscribed] 
On her Maj"^* Service 
To his Excellency 
Joseph Dudley Esq 
Governo"^ &c 

humbly p'^st 
In Boston 



Letter from Col. John Wheelwright and John Lane to Gov^ 
Dudley Sept. 18, 1712 

Sir, 

We inform y'' Excellency that this morning Serg* 
Tucker, Joshua Downing & W™ Cole went into the Pasture 
to get up y"" Horses, & were set upon by the Enemy who 
wounded the first, & took him Prison' & kill'd the other two. 
Some Gentlemen that had y' Horses & Arms ready, w*^ about 
a Dozen ffoot Men issued into the Woods. The Enemy fired 
upon the Horse before the ffoot could come up, & Kill'd Cpt 
Robinson & took M'' Elisha Plaistead Prison^ The Horse 
made their Retreat out of y*" Woods & order'd y^ ffoot to 
retire because the Enemy very numerous Cpt Lane & Cpt 
Harman rallied y"" Companies & fought the Enemy a consid^''' 
Time at the Edge of y'' Woods. The Enemy on drawing off 
offer'd a Truce, w*'^ we took w^*^ The Enemy refused a 
Ransom for the Prison "".^ till y^ come to Richmonds Island 
five Days hence. M'^ Plaistead writes the Enemy have six 
Cpt°^ & two hundred Men. We have no sufficient Number 
to go into the Woods to 'em. We have written for the 
Companies of Willard & Robinson to repair hither & without 



326 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Maj^ Plaistead sh'^ think it not convenient shall Pursue the 
Enemy as far as we can as soon as y^ arrive. 
We remain 

Y"" Excellencies most obed*^ Serv'* 
John Wheelwright 
Jolni Lane 
ffrom Cp! Wheelwrights 
Garrison in Wells Sept. 18 
1712. 



Letter from Elisha Plaisted to his Father. 

S'- 

I am in the hands of a great many Indians with 
which there is Six Captains. The Sume that they will have 
for me is 50 pounds & thirty pounds for Tucker my ffellow 
Prisoner in good Goods as Broad Cloth Some Provision Some 
tobacco pips Penistone Stockins and a Little of all things. 
S'^ If you will Come to Richmans Island in 5 dayes aib farthest 
for here is 2 hundred and they belong to Canada 

If you doe nott come m hue days you Will nott See mee, 
for Cap* Nathaniel the Indian will not Stay no Longer for 
the Canada Indians is not Willing for to Sell mee. 

Pray S' dont fail for they haue giuen me one day, for the 
Days was but 4 att first. 

giue my Kind Loue to my Dear wife 
this from your dutifull 
Son till Death 
Coppia Elisha Plaisted 



OF THE STATE OF MALNE 327 

Letter from Col. Ricliard Waldron to Gov. Joseph Dudley 
Sept, 19, 1712. 

Portsm? Sep: 19^" 1712 
May it please yo'' Excellency 

This Morning we have Advise fro Wells that yesterday 
morning y« Enemy Appear'd at Cap* Wheelwrights Garrison 
M'' Jn" Plasted ( w"' sundrie others of y'' County of York ) 
being at Wells at y'' Marriage of his son to Cap* Wheel- 
wrights daughter Three of y** Company went out to look 
their Horses in y*' morning two of whome were Kil'd and y^ 
thiid taken upon w' '^ seven or eight Horses standing ready 
at y** Door were imediately mounted by Cap*^ Lane. Robinso 
y® Bridegroom &c. to make a Discovery of y*" Enemy, but 
they met w"* an unhappy Shot fro an Ambush w"^" Killed 
Cap* Robinson, shot down, Kild & wounded several Horses 
took y'' Bridegrome M"" Plasteds Son, y rest made their 
Escape, after this they indeavoured to make out a party to 
fight y*" Enemy and got together about 70 men who fac'd 
them & they interchang'd severall Shot but to little purpose 
save y® wounding One on each side for y'^ Enemy kept y" 
Skirts of y® woods and being more numerous 'Twas not 
thought Adviseable to proceed further but L* Banks of York 
goes out w*^ a fflagg of Truce to treat w*'' y*" Enemy ab* y* 
Redempt" of M-: Plasteds Son and y'' Other Captive Serg* 
Tucker. 

this Banks is now here and saith he was mett w"' by 
Six Indians who cal'd themselves Cap*? of whome he knew 
two ( vizt ) Bomazeen & Capt Nathl' he Saw also anothr who 
took Acquaintance w*l' him by seeing him at Casco bay w" 
y® late Captives were Redeemed there so that they are 
doubtless most Eastw^^ Indians & Banks tells me that he 
that took Plasted is a Penobscotman. They proposed to 
him y'' sending to Richmans Island in five dayes & there 
they would bring y*^ Captives to Ransome as by a letter fro 



328 DOCUMENTAHY HISTORY 

young Plasted to his ffath. Copie w'of Maj^ Plasted sends y"" 
Excellency by this Express and I understand they are send- 
ing a Shallope thither Accordingly — I have this morning 
sent advice of y« Above throughout y® Province and Ordered 
all y^ Militia to stand upon their Guard & be ready to Releive 
any part that may be Oppressed — Cap* Davis w*^ his Scout 
is upon their Duty and I was hopeful! in about a fortnights 
time w" our Indian Harvest is in to have dismis'd him but I 
now leaue that & y^ p'"sent motion of y*^ Enemy to y"^ Excel- 
lencies Consideration & await y'' Coniands thereupon w'=^ 
shall No sooner be Received than readily Obey'd by y"" 
Excellencies 

Obed^ & most humble Serv!^ 
Rich'^ Waldron. 

[Superscribed] 
On her Maj"^* Service 
To his Excellency 

Joseph Dudley Esq 
Govern' &c 

humbly P''st. 
In Boston 



Letter from Icliabod Plaisted to Gov. Dudley, 
Sept. 19, 1712. 

SepflG^'^ 1712 
May* please yo"" Exelency 

S' my Bro'^'' w^'' Som others being at Wells at the mar- 
iage of his Son yest'day morning about Eight of y® clock 
there was Sent out from Capt Wheelwrights Garrison three 
men to feth up thiere horses, the Indians in Ambush Shott 
two dead & took one Prisoner, Cap* Robison & others thatt 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 329 

was there & had their horses at the doare went E mediately 
for theire Reliefe, Capt Robinson Joshua Downing & W" 
Coale was kild. 

Cap* Heard m"" Hubard & others horses was Shott Dead 
under them. Elisha Plaisted taken, Cap* Harmon & Cap* 
Lane with theire Comp^* fought the Indians Som time after 
ward the Indians came to a parly & Sent in the Inclosed, & 
S"" we have made bold to Send to the Redemption of those 
p^'sons : before we have yo'" Exelencys ord*' by reason the time 
Limited is so Short that before we Can aquaint yo"" Excelency 
& have yo"" answer the time sett will be out. We have 
ordered Capt Willards & Cap* Robinsons Company forth- 
with to Wells & Half the Standing Companys to be in Arms 
till your Exelencys further order. 

S'' I am yo Exelencys Most Humble 
and obedient Seruant 
to Command 

Ichabod Plaisted 
Lev* Bank went to the 
Indians Saw them and 
discoursed them & recons 
them not more than 150 
[Superscribed] 
To 
His Exelency 
Joseph Dudley Esq"' 
Cap* Gen" & Govern"" 
of her Majes** Provinces 
the Massachusetts Bay 
New Hampshire — 

// &c 
On her Majes*^ Servis 



330 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter from Col. Richard Waldron to Grov'^ Dudley, 
Sept. 22. 1712. 

Cochecho 22'i Sep* 1712 
May it please yo'' Excellency 

Yesterday afternoon came an Expresse to mee y" at 
Dover Meeting from Maj*" Plaistecl at Salmon Falls w*^'' 
advisd mee that Cap* Harman liad Discovered the track of 
y" Enemy to the Number of 30 or 40 between Wells & York 
bending their Course tliorow the Woods directly this Way & 
that Plaisted himselfe Saw 2 Ind"^ that Morning & another 
two more in another Place, upon this advice I was Willing 
to be provided to meett y'V if they came this Way to w*^.^ end 
I sent to lj\ Colonel Vaughan last night to Send mee up 20 
or 30 able pick'd men who appear'd Very Early in y® Morn- 
ing »& of this I desired L* Col Vaughan to give yo"" Excel- 
lency an Ace" g post. I ordred also From y^ Severall parts 
of Dover so many as w*^'' y'^ Scout & Portsm°men makes 120 
w*^^ am now Sending abroad in 3 parts Between Salmon Falls 
& Lampry river to March near on y^ heads of our out Feilds. 
Cap* Davis tells me y* last night at oyster river in the 
dead of y** Night there were doors knock'd at & Stones Flung 
at Some Garrisons, to find out who liv'd in their houses & 
whether any watch was kept in their Garrisons, as the enemy 
did y** Night before Oyster river was Destroy'd & Wee are 
Well assured Some Scouts of the Enemy are now near us. — 

23'» Sep* 1712. 
That party that went to Salmon Falls river brought in 
word last night that they discover'd y^ gfect track of a Scout 
of y^ Enemy abt twelve in number that came Over that river 
& directed their Course thro' the Woods tow'l^ Cochecho the 
other pties discovered nothing 

Cochecho 25*" Sep* 1712 Evening 
Wee have Improved o'' men to make the best discovery 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 331 

wee can & finding notliing i^nt a Scout this way ( that we 
Know has discovered us for tliis day our men Saw 2 Ind"* 
w^^in 2 mile of Cocheeho but tliey were on y" other side the 
river) I have dismiss'd all Again but Cap* Davis w"' the 
Standing Scout w'''' propose to Continue till our harvest is 
in vnlesse yo"^ Excellency shall order otherwise. 

Wee have yet heard nothing from Richmonds Island ab*^ 
y^ Captives assoon as any advice comes yo'' P^xcellency will 
have Ace" of 
I am 

Yo'" Excellencys most dutifull & ob - 
Rich'i Waldron. 

Letter from Geo. Vaughan to Gov. Dudley. 
Sept. 26, 1712. 

Portsm° 26th g^pr 12 of y« clock 1712 
May it please y' Excellency 

just now I Received this for y^ Excellency so omit 
sending w^ I had for y"" Excellency Coll. Waldron having 
given you at large I have only to add that we are in fears 
about y^ Sloop y* went to Ransome M'' Plasted. here is a 
Vessell going in Quest of her as far as Casco. 
1 am in all Obedience 

y Excellencies 
Oblidged & Most humble Serv! 
Geo : Vaughan 
[Superscribed] 

On her Maj"^* Service 
To His Excellency 
Joseph Dudley Esq'" 
Governour &id^ 

In 
// Boston. 



332 DOCUMENT ABY HISTORY 

Letter from Gov. Dudley to Gol. Partridge. 
Sept. 30. 1712. 

Levtenant Williams brings you nineteen prisoners & 
those with you makes twenty & the four Messengers from 
M'' Vodeuil are in all twenty four, Make all possible dispatch 
with them give them what bread & flesh & Rume the officer 
whose name is Renaw & the other officer shall desire least 
they be delayed by the bad weather coming in and starved. 
Tell them when you give them then- Victualls & pass- 
port that I am not Governour of Albany nor that you think 
they would receive them there but that they may do as they 
please and make the best of their way, if any thing Happen 
of sickness or othewise that may be stayed and forward the 
rest & dispose the sick to quarters & let me know it. 

Cassot stays with you they have abandoned as a protestant. 
30 Sept. 1712 

Let a scout of the men at least 
See them ten or twenty mile on their 
way & charge all the officers to keep 
them from drink & if Captain Wright, 
be y° out, let them know it and be 
carefull to carry their flagg in Sight. 
Col. Partridge 



Letter of Instructions from Grov. Dudley to Capt. Samuel 
Moodey, Nov. 12, 1712. 

Boston 12 Nov'^ 1712 
The next visit the Indians make you at the fort receive them 
friendly & acquaint them that in order to a firm & lasting 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 333 

peace between the Queen of Great Britayn & the french king 
there is a cessation of arms Concluded for four months to 
give the Necessary' time to make it perfect & that the gove- 
ments of tlie french & English are comanded not to Hurt 
each other till they shall hear the Issue & be furthur 
Directed & that if the Sachems Will Come to you you have 
something to say to them & to acquaint them with what is 
aboves^ 

& when the sachems shall attend you acquaint them accord- 
ingly with what is above and that you are well assured & 
Certayn of the peace to follow Imediately & that nothing but 
the winter time can hinder our knowing of it from home. 

That the french King has shewed to the world how 
much Inferiour his armies are to the English by surrendring 
so many places & fortifications & Towns to the Queen & her 
Confederates. 

That they now see plainly the Mischeif they have 
brought upon themselves In breaking their Covenant & leav- 
ing their dependence upon the English & going over to the 
french Interest who have now for ever lost placentia, St. 
Peters, Port royal & all the bay of fundee & acknowledged 
all those countrys to belong to the Queen of Great Britayn 
So that they have no french country or people to depend 
upon Except Quebeck for trade or supply. 

That if they have any thing to say to the Governour 
referring to their good behaviour for the future towards the 
Qveen of Englands subjects they must acquaint you & you 
will let The Governour know what it is. 
& afterwards in your discourse as from your self you may 
tell them it will be Very hard to persuade the Governour to 
believe them to be good after the breach of two sollemn 
Treatyes in the years 1702 and 1703, and that they must 
give very good assurances but you have not further to say 
bemg not Instructed but that you will be their freind & 



334 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

speak to the Governour for them & get his answer to what 
they shall propound as fast as the winter will allow 

orders to Captain Moody 
referring to the Eastern Indians. J. Dudley 



Letter from Sahastiayi Rale to Capt. Samuel Moody 
Nov. 18, 1712. 

Monsieur 

Le gouverneur general du Canada me mande par sa 
lettre qui m'a ete apportee depuis quelques jours, que le 
dernier vaisseau du Roi arrive a Quebec le 30 Sept. rapporte 
que la paix n'est par encore conclue entre les deux couronnes 
de France & d'Angleterre quoi qu'il est vrai qu'on en parle 
fort. Voila ce qu'il m'en dit. 

Et d'autres lettres que j'ai regiies m'apprennent que 
Monsieur L' Intendant qui est arrive dans ce vaisseau, dit 
qu' etant sur le point de s'embarquer a la Rochelle on y 
regu une lettre de Monsieur de Tallard, qui assuroit que la 
paix etoit faite, & qu'elle seroit publi6e sur la fin d'Octobre. 
Or on ne le pent pas sgavoir en Canada, mais on le 
pent sgavoir a Boston ou les vaisseau peuvent arriver en 
toute saison, si vous en sgavez quelque chose, je vous prie de 
me le faire sgavoir, afinq' j'envoie incessament a Quebec sur 
les glaces, pour en informer le gouvej-neur general pour qu'il 
empeche les sauvages de faire aucum acte d'hostilite Je suis 
tres parfaitement 

Monsieur 
Votre tres humble & tres 
obeissant serviteur 
Seb. Rale SJ 



OF THE STATE OF IMAINB 335 

[Superscribed] 

A Monsieur 
Monsieur Moody 

Capitaine & gouverneur 
du fort &c. 



Boston. N. England. Decemb^ 2*? 1712/ 



My Lords 



Captain Rouse in lier Majestyes Ship the 
Saphire, brought my Last Letters to Your Lordships Dated 
29^? Octob"' hist past, wherein I gave youi^ Lordships Account 
of the Articles in Your Lordships Letters of the first of 
Feb'"y 1711/12 Referring to the Stores of Warr, Small 
Amies, Left here of the Late Expedition, which are well 
Disposed and Secure"? as now in the Accounts sent Home — 
and Referring to the Difference between this Goverment, 
and Conecticut, & Road Lsland Colonyes ; Referring to the 
Division Line which I liope are well arriv^, and I shall 
attend your Lordships further Commands therein- 

This Comes by the Chester who brings home the 
Mas* Ships, and other Merchant Sliips that are Ready; and 
in your Lordships Packets, are tlie whole years papers. Min- 
utes of Councill Acts of the Assemblyes of both the Prov- 
inces, State of the Castle, & forts Amunition and Stores of 
Warr, and other Papers which 1 hope will be to your Lord- 
ships Satisfaction ~ 

About a month Since by Letters from S* Nicholas 
Trevanion, then at Newfoundland and a few Dayes After, 
by Letters from my Lord Dartmouth, brought by Captain 
Graves in her Majestyes Shipp the Dunnige, I Receiv^ the 
Happy Account of the Cessation of Amies, which I presently 
made publiq, being attended therein by the Gentlemen of 



336 DOCTJMENTAKY HISTORY 

Her Majestyes Councill, and Representatives of the Assem- 
bly, and the Foot Regiment of the Town of Boston, with all 
Demonstrations of Satisfaction in her Majestyes good Sub- 
jects, in hopes of an Established peace, upon the Articles in 
Her Majestyes Speech Referring there unto, A Coppy of the 
Cessation of Armes I have sent Over Land to My Vodreil 
the Governour of Canada, by some French Prisoners which 
I sent to him Last week, which I suppose will stop any 
Further March of any Partyes of the Enemy on that Side, 
and 1 believe the peace, when it arrives will be as welcome 
to him, as to her Majestyes Good Subjects in these 
provinces ~ 

There will Remayn a Difficulty m the Obtaining One 
of his Hands, and the French Indians Depending upon him 
our many Prisoners, Men, Weomen, and Children, which he 
has Long Detain^ , Contrary to his many promises, and thrust 
severall of them into Nuneryes and Religious Houses, and 
many more Left in the barbarous Hands of the Indian, Some 
of them Gentlemens Daughters, to be made Heathen, and 
Wives to their Maquas. Notwithstanding Every Year I 
have Assured him that I have Returned to Canada, Pla- 
centia, and Martineco, and Into Europe all such Prisoners of 
the French Nation that have fallen into My Hands, either by 
Sea or Land, which have been to the Number of 500 & 
more, of this Redemption I Dispair unless by your Lordships 
Means, the french Kings orders to his Governours of that 
part do strictly Command it, and that some Gentlemen from 
hence, may be allow^^ to go to Quebeck, Montreal and other 
parts in those Goverments to Search and find them out. 

Another Difficulty will be how to Govern myself 
Referring to the Indians In the Bay of Fundee called Kene- 
becks, Panobscot, Norigwock and other Settlements upon the 
English Grounds who have for these sixty years acknowl- 
edged their Dependance upon the Crown of great Britayn, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 33*7 

and Twice since I have come heither have Acknowledged 
their Dependence upon the Crown of Great Britayn & their 
Submission to it, but presently after the Warr broke out 
Conuuitted barbarous murders and Burnt many Houses in 
Company with the French and their Dependant Indians, by 
the Instigation of The Frencli Jesuits, and Priests alwayes 
Residing Amongst them, and at this time with them --, 

These Indians are weary of the Warr, having Lost 
some Hundreds of their Number, and are not now left above 
three or four Hundred men, but we Can never be Assured 
of their fidelity, untill some English Settlements be Estab- 
lished in those Eastern parts to Govern them, and their 
Priests be Keept from them which will hardly be obtain*? 
unless the French Governours be Command*? Intirely to with 
draw them^ 

In these Articles I pray your Lordships Consideration 
and that I may Receive her Majestyes Commands therein, It 
is a great mortification to all These Tribes of Indians, that 
they can have no more Assistance or Encuragement, from 
Newfoundland, placentia. Portroyall, Nor any its Depend- 
encyes but must travel to Quebeck for all their Supplyes, 
untill they are Restored to the English Friendship, which I am 
humbly of Opinion is best to be Done, both to Secure the 
Trade with them, as well as to take them of from their 
French Dependence, or gaining them to any future Assist- 
ance. 

I humbly Submit tlie whole Affayr to your Lordships 
Direction and pray to have her Majestyes Commands, which 
I shall with all faithfullness persue as in my Duty in the 
mean time I shall bring them to as good a Quiet as I can, 
which they are already Enquiring after, at our Eastern Carl- 
sons next adjoyning to them '^ 

Your Lordships will please in the Accounts of Stores 
of Warr, to observe that the thousand Small Amies left here 

22 



338 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

of the Canada Expedition are divided One hundred to New 
Hampshire, half, in the Fort, and half in the Comissaryes 
Stores, and the other Nine hundred to this Province, One 
hundred at the Castle, Eight hundred in the Comissaryes 
Stores, some few of them were Lost in the Soldiers passage 
by Sea, in their going & Return, and Death of some of them, 
as is usuall in Such Cases, they are Disposed under the Care 
of the Comissaryes of Each Province, for the publiq Service, 
and will be Keept, clean, & Serviceable at all times, and 
shall be Disposed in an Armory, in the publique State 
House, which was Last Year burnt, but is again built in 
better form and will be soon finished. "^ 

My Lords / 

I am Your Lordships 
Most faithfull 

obedient humble Servant 
J Dudley 

End : ) Neiv E^igland 

Letter from Col^ Dudley, Grovernor of New England, 
to the Board, Dated the 2'} of Dec''}' 1712./ 



Letter from Lieut. Joseph Been to Qov^ Dudley 
Dec. 8. 1712. 

Desember y« 8 1712 
May it pleas your exsilence your humble servant promuses 
to give your exsilence An a Count of the Indins Coming in 
Cp" Moodys Absence they hear that it is Like to be peac 
and they have Don noo hurt to the inglish But once this 
Sumer and they Would Make peac : apon terms thatt your 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 339 

exsilene See Meatt they told me that the french governer 
told them that they must not Come with a flag of truse Knor 
more to Casco Bay : Leftenant Moses Can in form your 
exsilency at Large all things Are in good order our fourt by 
Stomis partly blod down which we repard Sune: I 

Remane your exsilences humble Seruantt 

Joseph Been. 



Letter from Capt. Sam\ Moodey to Gov. Dudley. 
Dec. 10. 1712. 

Casco 10"> Dec"^ 
May it please y'" Ex''y 

I arrived here this morning after along k, tedious pas- 
sage & found all well at y'^ Garrison. The Indians have 
made us tlrree visits in my absence & brought several letters 
from y** Friar w*"'' are inclosed, Lev^ Bean tells me they are 
very desireous to hear of y® confirmation of y® News of peace 
w*^^ they hear from Canada y'' is a prospect of We are in 
daily Expectation of their return when I shall treat them 
according to y'' Ex^^^^ instructions with all caution. Cap'' 
Moses who arrived y*' Next day after He left Boston, & has 
carefully attended y"^ Exc^* order in visiting y*^ (Harrison at 
Saco is now returning according to y*^ Exc^^ Direction, I cant 
learn but y* his men have been very orderly, & he has pru- 
dently discharged his Duty in y*' whole voyage — I liaue by 
Him sent a Goose w*^"^ humbly craue y' Ex^^^ acceptance of 

I am 

y Excellencys 
most humble & Obed* Servant 
Sam" Moodey 



340 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter from John Wetitworth to Gov. Dudley, July 20^ 1713. 

Portsm" July 20"' 1713 
May it Please Your Excellency 

On Thirsday Morning at four of y*' Clock Cap^ Carver 
came to Saile with y" Indian Messengers &c on board, and at 
3, in y* Afternoon Wee wear Abrest with Winter harbour 
whear wee discharged Three Great Guns to notifie y* Indians 
at Saqua and their abouts, y® ffoart answered us with one 
Great Gun — Wee Stood along till 8, at night then wear 
abrest w"' Cape Elsebeth whear wee fired one Gun Small gaile 
of wind at one of y** clock in y® Morning were off Perbudock 
then fired one Gun Cap* Moodey went Emediately on Shoar, 
and when it was day an Indian Cannew w*^ four men came 
on board us. Wee put two of our men Indians on board y® 
Canoe and Sent them on Shoar to Notifie their breatheren, 
which they did to Effect, for by Saterday One of y® clock 
wee had all y^ Indians at Casco, The Sagamores then Sent 
Two Messengers one of which was Cap* Nathaniel To acquaint 
us that they wear all reddy to waite upon us, Wee appointed 
Two of y® clock by which time wee had made a booth for our 
Selves, and opesite to us a long foarme for the Sagamores and 
Principle officers that would Seate 30 men soon as they wear 
all Seated Wee Marcht out of y® ffoart very Gravely, with 
what Show we could make to our booth whear y® Sagamors 
reed: us Very handsomly as Soon as wee wear Seated Cap* 
Whealwright tould them wee ware glad to See them here on 
that ocation &c/ 

and Supposed their Messmgers had acquainted them with 
what had Past between your Excellency and them at Piscat- 
aqua, They tould us they had, and that what had past 
between your Excellency and their Messengers at Piscataqua 
they wear now come with all their people to Confirm ~ wee 
bed them Welcome and desired to know y® Names of y® cheif 
Sagamores, They took a few Minuts to Consider and then 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 341 

Named five of y'' cheifes of which ould Moxis was first and 
Soe four moor one of which was young Mogg a man about 
50 years a likely Magestick lookt Man who spake all was 
Said, wee Soon came to y^ Articles which wee passed over 
Explaineing eveiy of them Espetially about y" Trade and 
that of not comeing to y® Westward of Saqua river which 
they very well approved off and Said Amen to Every Article, 
they Askt some Questions which wee Satisfy ed them, and 
then Proceeded to Diink y^ Queen of Great Britains Health, 
with y® Discharge of the Cannon from y^ ffoart, They drank 
y® Health Very Chearfully and gave Three Cheeres, and then 
Exprest abundance of Joy and Satisfaction, Wee gave them 
one ox, a hhd. bread a barrill Pork, a barrill ftlower Molassis 
Rum Tobacco pipes &ct: all which they reed Very thank- 
fully, and had finnished every thing by Six of y^ Clock. 

Their was about 30 Sagamors and 180 brisk young men 
many of them well cloathed and behaved them Selves hand- 
somly. Soon as wee had finnisht all, Mogg Stood up and 
Spake Applying himself first to y^ cheif of men and then to 
All his people 

I doe agree to euery article here read unto us and have 
agreed to Stand by Em and doe advise you to doe the same. 

Bean tould us & gaue them a great deal of Good Aduice, 
and then turned to us and Said let this peace bee as lasting 
as y* earth we Stand upon And Soe said they all to which 
wee made a Short reply and then took our leaue, your Excel- 
lency will haue a moor perfict acco* at y*' return of y*' rest of 
y^ Gentlemen which suppose may bee by Weddensday night. 
My ffather Hunking arrived at Casco ffryday niglit with 
your Exellencys letter, Wee had Conserted Measures to find 
out the Truth of that Story but fiindeing Nathaniel and 

at y*^ Generall Assembly we let y*^ drop, he not haueing been 
absent aboue 4 dayes Since Cap* Moody left Casco we Judge 
y'" might be of Men Women & Children about 420. as Soon 



342 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

as wee had finnisht y" work your Excellency Sent us and 
haueing Soe good an opertunity w*'' Cap*^ Hunking, M'' Geo : 
Jaffryl and Self took leaue of y** Gentlemen at Casco Ffoart 
Saterday 7, in y*' Euening wee haueing some Extreordinary 
business that required our being at home, y'' Next day y® 
wind being Contrayrey wee landed at Winter Harbour and 
came from thence by Land, and Just now came to town 
being 4, of y" Clock after noon. 

as wee are capeble of Judging y** Indians are well 
pleased with peace and wee all think they are in earnist, 
they are uery desirous of a Supply, Coll° Rednap has some 
Commands from your Exellency which Suppose will finnish 
at Casco this day, This is the Substance of what I can at 
Present think of, which I thought my duty to post to your 
Exellency, M^ George Jaffryl gives his duty to yo"" Exel- 
lency as dos 

your Exellency s 

Moast obedient Humb Serv* 
[Superscribed] Jn*^ Wentworth 

dispacht Monday 
evening at Six of y*' 
clock : from Portsm" 

To Coll° Noice at To His Excellency 

Newbery Joseph Dudley Esqui' 

&c^ 

M^ Coram to the Earl of Orford. 

To the R* hon^.i« Edward 
Earl of Orford, &c 

The humble Represent? 
of Thomas Coram. 
Most humbly sheweth 

That his Majesty has in North America between 
New England & Nova Scotia, bounded by the River Saga- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 343 

dehocke & S* Croix, a large Tract of land now waste & 
uninhabited, capable of great Improvements, to the advan- 
tage of his Majesty's Kingdom. 

That Tract of Land is well situated, having many- 
safe harbours, and navigable Rivers, lyes in the Latitude of 
44 to 47, being above an hundred Miles Square, abounding 
with Trees fit for Masts of all Sizes, & for the making of 
Pitch, Tar & Rozin in very great plenty, as well as 10''? Oak 
for Planks Knees, & other Ship Timber in great Abundance ; 
The Soil deep & fertile, very proper for hemp, & might in 
a few Years be made to supply his Majesty's Kingdoms with 
the Naval Stores &c^, now precariously had at Arbitrary 
prizes from the Northern Kingdoms. 

The Sea before this land, is commodious for Fish- 
ery, having many other Advantages for the Increase of Trade 
& Navigation. 

The said Tract of Land was granted by King 
Charles the second to his Brother the Duke of York. Some 
Fishermen & others endeavour'd to settle themselves thereon, 
but they wanting the Countenance of Authority, as well as 
a Support from the Crown, did not well succeed, for that 
the French, who were then in possession of Nova Scotia, 
prompted the Native Indians to drive away or kill them, 
w'^!^ they effected, by reason the Settle'^ were begun in a dis- 
orderly manner, at too great a Distance from one anotlier ; 
To remedy w*^'^ King James the second built a Fort ; At the 
Revolution the New England People possess'd themselves of 
it, but in the Year 1696 shamefully deliverd it up & yielded 
themselves Prisoners to two French Mercliant Ships, who 
demolish'd it, since w'^? time none have attempted to settle 
upon that fine Land. 

There are now a good Number of tlie disbanded 
Officers & Soldiers who having been bred up in the Wars 
from their Youths, have no Calling, or Trade to enable them 



344 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

to subsist here, are extreamly desirous to make a Settlement 
upon the said Land, w''? they apprehend to be for the Service 
of their Country, as well as for y*^ Good of themselves & 
their posterity ; and do humbly hope his Majesty in his Royal 
Compassion will grant them the said Land, as also his 
Letters patent for a Brief, or otherwise enable them to 
raise Money to transport themselves & Families thither, & 
help support them there at first, till they can subsist them- 
selves by raising Naval Stores, & by the Fishery ; His Maj- 
esty reserving to himself & his heirs 5* p Annum for ev'ry 
hundred acres w'^'' shall be taken up by the Settlers & all 
those shall come after them, to be paid in Hemp & other 
Naval Stores fit for the Navy Royal, or in what manner his 
Majesty shall think fit. 

The settling the said land with some of the Dis- 
banded Soldiers, & others who cannot get Employment & 
Maintainance here, will make it the most useful Plantation 
of any to this Kingdom, and be a means of strengthening 
his Majesty's Empire in America, & a lasting Security to 
y® neighbouring Plantations agamst y® French & Frenchify'd 
Indians in those parts, & wou'd open a Way for the future, 
if Occasion shou'd be, to Quebeck, without the hazarding a 
Fleet in the River of S* Lawrence, where the late Misfor- 
tune befel That under St Hovenden Walker ; & wou'd also 
create a new Nursery of Seamen by continually bringing a 
certain Supply of Naval Stores from thence. 

Which is most humbly submitted 
To Yr Lord''^ Consideration by 
Rt Hon^"= 
Your Lordship's most obedient 

& most humble Servant 
London 
IQ'^ Ocf 1714. Tho: Coram. 

(No Endorsement.) 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 345 

Further Proposals from MV Coram and Others, to Earl of 
Orford ^c. 

According to your Lordships Order to lay before 
your Honours our Proposals for settling a Colony 
in the County of Cornwal in North America. 

l^'' That near the Mouth of y^ River Sagadehock alias 
Kenebeck, the aforesaid Colony by the Title of S^ George's 
shall build a Royal Town, & call it Augusta, with sufficient 
habitations for 500 small Families, w^? shall be well enclosed 
in an Earth Wall & a Ditch well palisadoed which shall be 
capable of securing y*" whole Colony & give Encouragement 
both to Trade & Fishing. 

2 : This River having a large Course, bordered with some 
of the best Land in that part of America, well furnish'd w*^^ 
good Trees for building of Ships & the best Masts now known 
in America, will easily furnish the Colony w*? Timber for to 
build Vessils of all sorts for their use, & supply Masts for y® 
Royal Navy of Great Britain. 

3. The land being known to be a good & deep Soil, w''.'^ is 
proper for the planting of Hemp 'tis proposed that as this 
Colony is chiefly design'd for raising a Supply of Naval 
Stores, that as soon as the land can be clear'd from the Wood, 
w^? in the destroying will produce Pitch & Tar &c : & all 
the land ( that can be spar'd from the necessary Corn to be 
sown for their subsistence & convenient pasture ) shall be 
kill'd & sown with Hemp, & the possessors shall pay to 
his Majesty 5^ g annum for ev'ry hundred acres they shall 
take up. 

4. The persons proposing this Settlement are many of them 
Officers now supported by half pay, who think it will be an 
Advantage to the Publick to take off five hundred out pen- 
sioners now in the pay of Chelsea College, such as are recov- 
er'd of their Wounds, & may be capable of doing good 



346 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Service, being persons knowing y'^ Discipline of War, under 
wliicli they must continue for y® first three Years till y? Col- 
ony is settled & secur'd, & afterward do duty as Militia under 
such Regulation as his Majesty shall think fitt : But they do 
humbly beg to be incorporated without Subordination either 
to New England or Nova Scotia. 

5. Whereas your Lordships demand an Estimate of the 
Charges of this Undertaking, We have made a Computation 
of the Charge of pay of one thousand Men w"' Officers in pro- 
portion, building of Churches, erecting of Forts, &c'^ amount- 
ing to sixty thousand pounds Ster : w°? Estimate is herewith 
deliver'd ; And they humbly conceive if the Coinage of the 
Copper upon half pence & Farthings ( for w*^.^ some of them 
have mov'd ) was applyd thereto, it wou'd be an Expedient, 
if not, they hope tliat some other Way might be found. 

6. As for the Transportation of y? Coloney over with their 
ffamilys, as also a sufficient Number of Artillery for y® nec- 
essary Forts & Block houses w'''^ are to be had out of his Maj- 
esty's Stores, as well as the Arms & Ammunition for the Men, 
with other necessary Utensils to raise the said Forts, your 
LordP.^ will also be pleased to have under your wise Consid- 
eration. 

7. We also beg leave to let your Lordships know that when 
his Majesty & y** Council referr'd this matter to your Hon- 
ours, it was his Majesty's Pleasure to say, as we are well 
inform'd, that he had rather give the Coinage of the half- 
Pence & Farthings to So publick a Good than to any other 
matter whatever; and we further humbly pray your Hon- 
ours to consider the Season of the Year ; for We are all of the 
Opinion that if your Honours are pleas'd to favour Us in y'' 
Report to his Majesty & Councill, that then We may hap- 
pily get away in March or April, for We can be forthwith 
furnish'd w*** Money on that Credit for the first Year. 

Febiy 10*" 1714. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 347 

Right Hono'^^^ 

The Officers & Soldiers requesting tliis Set- 
tlement, have desir'd us the Sunscribers on their behalf, to 
wait on your Lordships with their proposals, & to receive 
your LoP* Pleasure therein. 
We are 

R* Hon''i« 
Your Lordships most obedient hum'"''' Serv'" 
Thomas Coram. 
Richard Jones. 
Dni Hall. 
Will'" Armstrong. 
Will"' Birkett. 
Samuel Balls. 



1711 -^^ Estimate of the Charge for settling the 

Yolfy 15"! New Colony near the River Sagadehock in 
North America. 
Three Years for £ S D 

Ten Captains at 8^ p Diem 

Twenty Lieu*^ at 4^ p diem 

Thirty Serjeants at 1* 8'^ p diem 

Thirty Corporals at 1* p diem 

Twenty Drums at 1* p diem 

One Thousand private Men at 8*^ p diem 3G466 

One Surgeon at O" p diem 

Two Surgeon? Mates at 2.G p diem each 

One Surgeon*? Chest 

Two Ministers each XlOO p annum 

Two Gunners each at <£50 p annum 

Two Montrosses at £20 p annum each 

One Store Keeper at <£50 p annum 

One Surveyor at X50 p annum 



£ 


S 


5010 




5010 




2457 


15 


1642 


10 


1095 




G466 


13 


328 


10 


273 


15 


100 




GOO 




300 




120 




150 




150 





348 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

To build Churches & Forts, with 

other incident Charges. 6295 16 



£60000 



Extracts from Letter of Jeremiah Dummer Agent^ in England, 
to Secretary Addington April S, 1715. 

" The project so often mention'd in my former letters 
about setling our Eastern parts with disbanded Soldiers has 
bin once more reviv'd. The Lords Commissioners for Trade 
writ me a letter desiring me to attend their Board about it, 
& to bring with me the Principal New England Gentlemen 
that were in Town, & the Traders there, that it might be 
thoroughly debated, & they might hear every body's opinion 
about it. I did so, & the cheif thing argu'd was Whether 
the land about Cape Sables, or that to the Eastward of Ken- 
nebeck River were the most convenient place to make the 
Settlement. It was agreed at last that the former had an 
Advantage in lying nearer to the fishery, besides that a fort 
there with a Town well inhabited would check the French at 
Cape Breton, & be a Security to the Countrey of Nova Scotia. 
It was also agreed that the latter Scituation was better for 
Naval Stores, & was of importance otherwise, as it would 
cover His Majestys Provinces of Main & New Hampshire. 
In this manner it was left for their Lordship's further con- 
sideration, since which they have taken no Step in it. 

I had another letter from the Board of trade to know if 
I had any thing to offer as to the bounds which were to be 
setled between New England & the River of Canada, to 
which the Substance of my answer was, that I beleiv'd it 
would be necessary to appoint Commissioners to make the 
Line, unless it can be obtain'd of France that the British 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 349 

Colonies shall extend to the borders of the River, which 
would be better." 

"I beg the favour of you that together with this letter 
you'l present my most humble duty & Service to the General 
Court. 

I wish you health I am 
Whitehal S^ 

b'"" of Apr : 1715 Your most Obed' Ser^ 

Jer. Dummer 
Mr Secretary Addington " 



To the R* Hon''^*" the Lords Commissioners for 
Trade & Plantations. 

Memorial relating to 
New Hampshire Province in 
New England. 
May it please your Lord''* 

The province of New Hampshire is of 
very great Importance both for the Honour & Service of his 
Majesty & Good & Benefit of the whole Kingdom, being in 
some respects preferable to any other of his Majesty's Plan- 
tations, in that it affords Trees fit for Masts, Yards, Bow 
Sprits, such as for their Goodness & large Dimensions have 
never yet been found in any other part of the World but 
there, & in the adjoining province of Meine, being fit for his 
Majesty's greatest Ships of War as also Trees for smaller 
Masts in great plenty, likewise Pitch, Tar, Rosin, Turpen- 
tine, &c*. the Soil is also suitable to produce Hemp & Flax. 
I have formerly been at considerable Charge to search 
the Country as far Eastward as Kennebeck River ; sending 
sevl skilful persons & with them the Liner of his Majesty's 
Masts, to survey the Woods, but tho they found smaller 



360 DOCUMENT ABY HISTORY 

Masts plentiful, yet they found none, or but few Trees 
beyond New Hampshire & Province of Meine wou'd make 
Masts exceeding thirty two Inches Diameter; I wou'd hum- 
bly propose to your Lordships to have the Opinion of the 
Comiss'"* of his Majesty's Navy, whether or not it wou'd be 
for his Majesty's Service to have a certain Number of suita- 
ble Masts, &c : to be got & securely key'd down, to be always 
in readiness, whenever his Majesty shall have Occasion for 
them. 

This Province & further Eastwards affords plenty of 
Trees fit for Timber, Plank, boards & joyse enough to supply 
the whole Kingdom, the purchase of w*^^ from Norway, & the 
Sweed is chiefly by money sent out of the Kingdom, & Bills 
of Exchange. Whereas from America, besides it bemg y*^ 
Growth & produce of his Majesty's own Plantations, are 
chiefly purchas'd by English Manufactures & Comoditys ; 
the Nature of New-England Firr-Trees is esteem'd by many 
deal-board Traders, or timber Merchants to be as good, if 
not superior in Goodness to any other, they are very good, 
of a good Grain, ordinarily yellower, & much better than 
Norway white Boards, but not quite so yellow as the yel- 
lowest Sort ; if the Duty w*'?* is 23* 6*^ g hundred Deales, be 
taken off, w*? some addition of Bounty Mony to incourage 
the Importation, the Freight by ye great distance being dear, 
it will greatly advantage the Kingdom by Consumption of 
the English INIanufacture, will breed up Sea faring Men, 
imploy much Shipping & be greatly serviceable, if a Rupture 
with the Sweed &c* 

I would also humbly represent it as needful, that the 
person whom his Majesty shall appoint Lieu^ Gov^ of that 
province, do reside within the same, his Excelly the Gov- 
ernor who is also Governor of Massachusets Bay province 
residing ( as it is proper he shou'd ) at Boston, w^?^ is sixty 
Miles distant, cannot conveniently visit the same more than 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 351 

once or twice p annum. The Province may well be term'tl 
the Key of New England, if an Enemy shou'd possess them- 
selves thereof ( as in the late War was much fear'd ) it wou'd 
endanger the whole Country. 

If there be any other particular relating to y'' Massa- 
chusets Bay or New Hampshire provinces, wherein your 
LordP* desire to be satisfy'd, I shall be ready at all times to 
contribute all I can, to the best of my Knowledge, faithfully 
& truely for the Good of his Majesty's Service & true Inter- 
ests of the provinces. 

Your LordP.^ most hundjle & 
most devoted Servants 
Sampson Sheafe. 

from my Lodgings 
at M^ Matthew Probee 
against the Swan near 
Water Lane & Temple 
Gate. 

( No Endorsement.) 



Committee to prosecute Settlements^ ^c. 

At a Great and General Court or Assembly of his INIaj- 
esties Province of the Massachusetts bay held May 25'''' 
1715. — 

The following Vote passed in the House of Represent- 
atives Read and Concurr'd Viz^ 

Voted that Major John Wheelwright ^P Abraham 
Prebble, M"" Joseph Hammond & Charles Frost Esq^ M"" 
John Leighton and any three of them be a Committee to 
Prosecute the Reguler Settlements, of the Eastern frontiers 



352 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

And that in Answer to the Petition of the Proprietors of 
Cape Porpus and Black Point to the Committee for Claims, 
the said committee be Directed to lay out the town Platts, 
in A Reguler and Defensible manner at the Charge of the 
Proprietors, & of Such other Towns, as Shall Offer Agreeable 
to the order of Court ; — 

Copy Examined 

per J Willard Secry 



Memorial of Sir Bihye Lake. 

To the Right Honoble the Lords 
Com*"? for Trade and Plantations. 

The Memoriall of S^ Bibye Lake Barr* only 
Grand Child & Anne the wife of Incre&se 
Mather Doctor of Divinity only Daughter & 
Heires of Cap* Thomas Lake Deed and Edward 
Hutchmson & Josiah Walcott Esq""? Heires of 
Major Thomas Clarke deced. 



Sheweth 



That your Memorialists & their Ancestors haveing 
been in possession of Arrowsich Island and the other 
Lands Claimed by them as in the Report of his Majest}^'s 
SolP'" Generall to your Lordships are menconed for 78 
years or thereaW^ { viz* ) from the year 1639 to this tune 
& haveing expended above 20000 in purchaseing the 
p''mesand makeing Settlem*^ thereupon dureing all which 
time there was only two Interrupcons ( Viz* ) in the year 
1675 & in the year 1684 when the ffrench Indians made 
Insurreccons and destroyed the Settlem*? and killed the 
s'} Cap* Lake & divers other persons in defending the 
Same & imediately after such Destruccon retired and 
quitted the P'^misses. 



OF THE STATE OF MAnSTE 353 

That by veitue of an OrcU or Act of the Gen' 
Court and Court of Eleccons held at Boston in New Eng- 
land the 15*^ Oct^ 1673 the s*? P'"misses were called 
Devonshire and your Memorialists Ancestors Cap! Lake 
& Major Clarke with others were appointed to repair 
thither & Impowered to keep a Court as a County Court 
to give Oaths to Constables and to appoint meet persons 
& Inhabitants there to such Offices & places ( so far as 
within their Patent) according to God & the wholesome 
Laws of their Jurisdiccon and to appoint Com""? for End- 
ing of Causes which Com""* had Magistraticall power to 
punish Criminall Offences to licence Publick Houses to 
prove Wills and take Acknowlegem*^ of Deeds As also 
for marrying and to Settle the Militia in those places 
and in all Cases where they were not ffreemen they 
might make use of other fitt men provided they had 
taken the oaths of ffidelity ( any thing in the Law to the 
contrary notwithstanding.) 

That pui'suant to the aforesaid Authority your 
Memorialists Ancestors with others held Courts Sum- 
oned Jurys appointed Constables and Officers for tlie 
Militia for the places now Claimed by your Memorialists 
and a Treasurer was appointed and Money raised on the 
Inhabitants to defray tlie Expeuces thereof and a Juris- 
diccon according to Law exercised & afterwards Certi- 
hed to approved of and Confirmed by the s? Gen" Court 
at Boston as by Authentick Copys of Court Rolls 
recorded at Boston now ready to be produced to youi 
Lordshipps doth appear. 

That the Governm* of New England impowering 
your Memorialists Ancestors to Exercise a Jurisdiccon 
both Civill and Military aforesaid on the s? p'mes fully 
proves they had then a just and legal Title thereto under 
their Indian purchases since which your Memorialists 



23 



354 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

have had the same Confirmed by the Crown as in 
M^ SolK Generalls Report is menconed. 

That your Memorialists have since his Maties happy 
Accession to the Crown built a Town called George 
Town upon Arrowsick Island and made the same 
defenceable and have made diverse other Settlem*^ upon 
the p'^misses and are now dayly Imployed in perfecting 
the same which they are able to perfect and are now in 
quiet possion thereof. 

Therefore your Memorialists hum- 
bly hope there may be a Saving for their said Lands in 
any Grant that shall be made by his Most Gratious 
Matie 

And yo^ Memorialists as in Duty 
bound shall ever pray &c. 

Bibye Lake. 
22 January 171 T. 



The Lauds Claimed by S^ Bibye Lake 
M? Hutchinson & other Proprietors of 
Lands in New England Viz* 

Rowsick als Arrowsick Island lyeing on the East Side of 
Kennebec River Negueasitt als Negnesseg bounded by Saga- 
diock River on the Western Side thereof and Sheepscock 
River on the Eastern Side thereof one great Pond on the 
North side and Negnesseg River on the South west Side All 
Lands on both Sides Kennebeck River East & West Extend- 
ing from the North most part of Cape Sacantry reaching Ten 
Miles into the woods called by the name of Swann ffour 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 355 

Leagues in length South & North and the Lands from half 
a Mile above Swan Alley to the northmost part of Cape 
Sacantry and the Lands of Toconock which beginneth at tlie 
Lower End of Neagnamker & reaching up the Iliver ffour 
Miles above the ffalls of Toconock reaching Ten Miles into 
the woods on each Side the River Kennebeck All Lands in 
& ab! Agnascarangan adjoyning to Kennebeck River on the 
North west & so South Westward to the Southermost Island 
of Negmomkey and Six Miles from Toconock ffalls north 
Eastward and ffifteen Miles all along on the s^ River Kenne- 
beck into the Maine Land South Eastward And all Lands at 
& ab* Agnascarangan River near the Toconock w^?^ begin- 
neth at the ffalls of Neagnamker & reacheth up the River 
ab* 4 Miles above the ffalls of Toconock And all Houses 
Edifices Buildings woods Underwoods Mines Minerals Ponds 
Lakes Rivers Creeks Bays Priviledges & appurts whatsoever 
in the North East part of New England. 



^ : ) A Perticular of the Lands 

Claimed hy iS'f Bihye Lake and 
other Proprietors in New England 
Extracted out of the Indian 
Purchase Deeds. 



Letter from Capt. John Gyles to Grov. Samuel Shute, 
Aj^ril 27, 1717. 

May it Pleas your Excellancy 
S^ 

having this information y'' 26 : Currant that thier is 
great motions among y'^ Indians y" Caralina Indians and 
Mohox sending belts of Pegue to our Indians to know if they 



366 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

would Joyn w*'' them Vpon o Casion, which they have as yet 
Refuesd y** Belts & Denied to Concern in troble as to a warr, 
the Mohox Grevance is that they had a Sagamor Murdred y" 
snmmar Past by y*' English at Albeny they buried him w"' 2 
belts of Pegue & Propose to Raise him towward y** English 
Nation in a short time Except Satisfacttion, and thir ar sum 
hundreds of Caralina Indians gathered towards Canaday ( y* 
informars say thousands ) waighting for the motion, Expect- 
ing it to be this Sumar Eastward if they can obhge these 
Eastward Indians, those furrown Indians send em word y* y*" 
English keep them only in Play to such ttime they can gather 
em to Cut them of, which will be this sumar if y*^ Govarnar 
Can get em to Gether, 

S^ I Credit this nues & y*' ttruth may be Proved in sum 
measur at Albeny if faithfull theh, 

the Indians hear as yett ar all Vpon thier hunting motions 
and seem to be Very Easy in ther minds as I informd your 
Excy in my Last, this is a new Measuag from those Indians 
that I informd of m mine one novembar Past, 
fort George at Brunswick 

April j'' 27: 1717 I am your Excellancys Most 

Obediant & faithfull servant 
to y^ best of my skill to Command 
I indeavr to make our Indians 
sencable that it is all falce and 
Delusions from those furronars 
an intreague to bring them in 
to troble 

John Gyles 



OF THE STATE OF MAINB 357 

Letter from John Lane to G-ov. Shute. 
May 19, 1717. 

May it Plese your Excelencey 

This moment Came A young man from Spurwinke 

which wass Taken by A pirat sloop of Aboute ninty men 

with Eight guns which is now att an anker In Cape Elese- 

bth Roade sum of them Came to Spurwinke to M"" Geordons 

house which occation him to take to woods they have Taken 

one sloop & one shallop which they keep with them to cleene 

there Slop — 

this is all the account I have I am your Excelenceys 

most humble and 

obediant serv* 

John Lane 
Winter harbor the 19 

of May 1Y17 

saboth Day att Eleven 

of the Clock 



Memorial of Thomas Coram. June 6, 1717. 

The Memorial of Thomas Coram, in Answer to the 
Petitions & Memorials of Jeremiah Dumer Esq"" & 
othei-s against making a Settlement on his Maj^y^ Land 
& Islands between Nova Scotia & the Province of 
Main in New England. 

Humbly Sheweth 

That whereas Jerimiah Dummer Esq' 

Agent for the Inhabitants of the Massachusets Bay in New 

England, hath by his Memorial & Petition read before your 

Lordships the 24th of May last. Represented, 

That near a third part of the said Lands, Viz' " tlie 

Tract lying between Penobscot & Kenibeck was more than 



358 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

sixty years since " purclias'd Bona Fide of the Indian Natives 
"by Numbers of English People, with the Consent of the 
" King's Governor's & Government from time to time & con- 
" firm'd by Grants from the Council of Plymouth, 

That pursuant to such fair & legal Purchases & Con- 
firmations, " the Purchasers & their respective Agents, did 
" with great Expence make sev^ flourishing Settlements, w''" 
" were at last broke up & utterly ruined by the late War, 

To w'^*' the underwritten Tho : Coram most humbly begs 
leave to make the following observation 

The Inhabitants of the Massachusets Bay in New Eng- 
land by their Charter from King Charles the first being lim- 
ited to a Tract of land between Merrimack & Charles Rivers 
& three Miles each Side above one hundred miles distant 
from the nearest part of the Land now in Question, without 
permission from the Crown to settle in any other part of his 
Maj^y® Land or the Lands of the Indians. It appears that 
to confirm any Settlement or Purchase made of Lands from 
the Indians, it was necessary to have his Maj^^^ Authority, 
Nevertheless the New Englanders as well as others. Traders 
& fSshermen tempted by the Conveniencys of the said Land 
to settle themselves thereon in the time of the unnatural 
Rebellion in Great Britain, when the King had no Gov' 
there, practis*^ so with tlie Indian Natives of the Land now 
propos'd to be settled, that debauching them with strong 
Liquors they drew in the Indians to execute Deeds for large 
Quantities of Land, whether their own or his Maj'^y*, without 
any valuable consideration for the same, knowing nothing of 
the Intents of those Writings. But when the Indians became 
sensible of the Deceit put upon them, they were so exasper- 
ated, that waging War with the New England Men, they 
destroy'd with ffire & Sword, the Purchasers & their ffamilies 
by w'-'' not only the said Land was laid desolate, as it remains 
at this day, but many other Towns & Villages near it in New 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 359 

England have been laid waste, in revenge of the Deceit put 
upon them by those pretended Purchasers from time to time, 
who in truth cou'd not know whether the Persons signing 
their Deeds were the Possessors, or had powers to dispose of 
those Lands. 

That since the time mentioned by the s'' Jeremiah Dum- 
mer Esq"" for those Lands to have been purchas'd the said 
Lands were granted by King Charles the second to his 
Brother the Duke of York, who reconvey'd some of them to 
the New England Men. Indeed one West & Grayham with 
some other Creatures of Col? Dungon & S^ Edmund Andros, 
when they privately heard that King James had left Eng- 
land being desirous to raise a Sum of money to go off with, 
sold lumping Penny Worths, And whether these Purchasers 
any more than those from the Indians can be thought good. 
Your Lordi'^ will please to determine. 

As to M"" Dumers second Petition, wherein he seems to 
doubt his Maj^y® Power of granting the Lands afores^ with- 
out Consent of y® Genl' Assembly of New England, by whose 
Neglect they were lost to ffrench & many years after recov- 
er'd by Conquest at great Expence to the Crown, your Lord- 
shipps can best judge of it. 

From S"^ Bigbye Lake's Petition it may be observ'd how 
difficult it has been & may hereafter prove for a private Per- 
son to support such large Tracts of Land as he thereby pre- 
tends a Right to, & as wou'd be sufficient to employ many 
thousand ffamilies, his Claim is by Indian Deeds too, tho 
indeed some part he says is confirmd by the Crown ; Be that 
as it will, it is very discernable from his own words, that the 
weak Settlements he & his Grandfather have been able to 
make upon his great possessions, have only serv'd as a Prey 
to the Indians as often as they thought it for their Pleasure 
& Interest to dispossess them. Insomuch that tir'd with 
their Disappointment, neither the present petitioner, his 



360 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Grandfather or partner have had any regard to those Lands 
for more than thirty years last past m Peace or in War, till 
now since his Maj'^^ Accession to the Throne, they have 
built a few ffishermens Hutts upon Rowsack Island, call'd 
by them a Settlement of thirty ffamilies, in order to prevent 
the present Grant. 

The Duke of Hamilton's Lands not being included in 
those petitioned for, for making this new Settlement, the 
Dutchesses Letter in his Graces behalf can have no relation 
thereto, or supposing they were included they will fall under 
the same Considerations as the Lands granted in the fore- 
mentioned manner. 

One wou'd think the propos'd Settlement wou'd be much 
for the Security of New England, since the inhabiting the 
said Lands may prove a good Barrier between them & the 
Indians, rendring tlie former secure from all Attempts of the 
latter without prejudicing any Comerce or Intercourse 
between them, And since the Inhabitants of New England 
are not excluded taking Share in the New Settlement in the 
manner propos'd they have the less Reason to object against 
a well regulated Gov* w*='' may be appointed under his Maj- 
estys Authority interposing between them & their common 
Enemy, less than w*^** cannot be sufficient to settle the 
afores? Tract, but less may be the Occasion as has been 
already hinted of destroying many of his Majestys Subjects. 
It is hop'd, that what is above mention'd may prove full 
answers to the sev^ Objections made in order to disappoint 
the propos'd Settlements for the Advantage of his Majesty & 
his Kingdoms, And that your Lordships clearly seeing 
through the Cobweb Pretensions of the sev^ Parties claiming 
Right the afores*^ Lands, will use your powerful Interest with 
his Maj*y for obtaining the Grant in the manner and for the 
uses contain'd in a Plan sometime since deliver'd to your 
LordP* sign'd by the underwritten and others ; Which will 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 361 

occasion the imploying & maintaining many of his Majestys 

Subjects, the supplying his Majesty with Naval Stores from 

his own Dominions & the Consumption of great Quantities 

of the Manufactures of Great Britain. 

London 

June 6th 1717 The: Coram 



Petition of sundry Proprietors of Falmouth. 

To liis Excellency Samuel Shute Esq"" Cap*' General & 
Governour in Chief in and over his Majesties Province of 
the Massachusetts Bay in New England, And to the Hon''^® 
the Council and House of Representatives in General Court 
Assembled this 29"^ day of May 1717 The Petition of Sun- 
dry Proprietors of the Township of Falmouth in Casco bay ; 
Humbly Sheweth That your Petitioners and their Predeces- 
sors, formerly brought forward a good Settlement in the 
said place, which had a hopefull prospect of bemg a Strong 
and Flourishing Town; being very well and beyond most 
places Accomodated for husbandry, Navigation Fishery and 
the Lumber trade ; But the said Plantation was unhappily 
broken up and ruined by the French and Indian Enemy — 

And now Peace being Restored and Several other Settle- 
ments Carrying on Further Eastward, Your Petitioners and 
others Concerned with them to the Number of Upwards of 
Thirty familys are desirous without Delay to Go or Send and 
Rebuild their wast Places, & Resettle their Lands, Which 
they are Excited to do the more Speedily by Reason that 
Great Strip and wast is daily made of the wood and timber 
in their Propriety to their great Damage by ill minded Per- 
sons that frequently load vessells with the Same — 

And your Petitioners being informed that this Honourable 
Court have in their Wisdom Passed an order that no Settle- 



362 



DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 



ment Shall be made in those Parts without their Approbation 
Do therefore now in Obedience thereto Humbly Address 
Your Excellency and Honours Praying your Allowance 
Countenance & favourable Aspect on their Designed Settle- 
ment which for their own Security they determine to make 
Compact & in a manner as reguler & defensible as may be : 
And Your Petitioner as in Duty bound Shall ever pray &c 



James Marriner 
Phillip Barger 
Phillip Breton 
Thomas Walter 
Jacob Royall 
John Young- 
Jacob Freese 
Thomas Haines 
Daniel Ingersoll 
Solomon Townsend 
Stephen Boutineau 
In behalf of them- 
selves and about 



Jonathan Hudson 
Richard Pullen 
Mary Brackett 
Joseph Malem 
John Seccomb 
Samuel Sewall 
Peter Seccomb 



John Higginson 
Timothy Thornton 
John Smith 
Ebenezer Thornton 
John Brown 
Samuel Poveley 
George Ingersoll 
James Bowdoin 



The u/ mark of 

Lewis Tucker Sen"" Nathaniel Webber 



William Thomas 
Tobias ~\~ Oakman 
William Scales 
Mathew Scales 



Benj'^ Marston 
George Felt 
Abraham Tilton 
Joshua Marriner 
twenty other Proprietors. — 

In the house of Representatives June 13"^ 1717 
Read & ordered that the prayer of the Petition be Granted, 
& that the Petitioners apply themselves to the Committee 
Appointed by this Court in June 1715 to prosecute the reg- 
ular Settlement of the Eastern frontiers for advice in the 
manner of their Settlement, Sent up for Concurrence 

John Burrill Speaker June 14"' 1717 In Council 
Read and Concurr'd 

Joseph Marion D Secry 

Copy Examined per 

J Willard Secry 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 363 

Letter from Gov. Shute to the Kennebeck Indians^ ^c. 
June 22, 1717. 

June 22, 1717. 
My good Friends 

I sent you word last Winter that I designed 
to visit the Fronteirs of my Government about the middle of 
this Summer & at the same time to meet with you, 
being then in hopes I should have had nothing to hinder my 
doing so, but I now find the affairs of my Government will 
not allow me to make a progress to the Eastern parts where 
you dwell till the next Spring when I hope ( God willing ) I 
shall be able to see you ; As I shall alwaies expect you will 
be true & faithful! to your promises to the English so I am 
careful to keep my word to you, & therefore I thought it 
proper to give you Notice in Season, that so I might prevent 
your attendance in expectation of my coming. 

You find the benefit of carrying it well to the English, 
& I shall order them to carry it well to you, & if you receive 
injury from any of my People at any time, you must not 
quarrell with them but make complaint to me that I may 
punish them. While you are true to your engagem'* you 
may expect my favour on all Occasions, being 

Y"" Loving Friend 
To the chiefs of the Indians 
about Kenebeck & Ambroscoggen Rivers. 



The Deposition of Richard Pearce Sen'" of y'' Age of Sev- 
enty Years Testifieth and Saith That I knew Richard Full- 
ford and wife y" Parents of Elizabeth Martin the wife of 
Samuel Martin now of Marblehead in the County of Essex 
Fisherman or Shoreman and of Francis Fullford of Mai'ble- 
head aforesaid Fisherman her brother and the said Richard 



364 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Fullford and wife Lived on a place called Round Pound 
fronting to the Eastward against Misconcus Island distant 
from Pemmaquid River about five miles and tliat he had a 
House on said Land above fifty Years agoe and that I and 
Morrice Champnie mowed in the meadows of said Richard 
Fullford Severall years and his Land was bounded on y^ 
Westward on pancake hill and on the Eastward with a place 
called Beartree Joyning on the Land of my Father Richard 
Pearce on the Northward on Pemmaquid fresh River and on 
the Southward with the River over agauist Misconcus Island 
with the dry Pound meadows thereto adjoyning and that y* 
Richard Fullford and his Family Lived on said Lands and 
possessed them and no other Person many Years togather 
without Molestation or Disturbance till y'^ Indian Enemy 
drove him and his Family from thence 
Exam'd 

The Deposition of John Pearce of Sixty five Years of Age 
Testifieth to the truth of the above Deposition of my brother 
Richard Pearce and that about thirty Years ago I knew the 
said Richard Fullford and Family remove to the abovesaid 
Land of Round Pound where he first Lived and that he then 
also built a house and Lived there about five or six years till 
the Indian Enemy drove him and Family from thence the 
Second time. 

Marblehead November 29"^ 1717 

The above named Richard Pearce and John Pearce Appeared 
before me and made Oath to the truth of their Severall and 
Respective Depositions 

Edward Brattle Justice Peace 

Marblehead November 29 1717 The above named 
Morrice Champnie appeared before me and made Oath to the 
truth of the above Deposition 

Edward Brattle Justice Peace 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 365 

Exam*^ ss 

Essex Tlie aforegoing Is a Copy of Recoid as 

appears in the office for tlie Registry of Deeds &c for the 

County of Essex Libro 37 Folio 257 &c 

Examind g John Higginson Register 



Resolve. 

On the Petition of Hezekiah Egglestone in the 
House of Representatives Nov. 2, 1770 Read and Resolved 
that the Prayer be so far Granted that the Justices of the 
Inferior Court of Common Pleas or the Justices of the 
Superior Court of Judicature before whom any action is or 
may be depending Relating to the Lands mentioned in said 
Petition be Impowered to admit the Testimonies A Refered 
to in said Petition to be plead as Evidence in the Case as 
valid in the Law the failure of Taking the Testimonies 
before Two Justices Quorum unus Notwithstanding 

Sent up for Concurrence T Cushing Spkr 

In Council Nov'' 7"' 1770 Read & Concurred as taken into 

a new draft 
Sent down for Concurrence Jn° Cotton D. Secry 

In the House of Representatives Nov"" 8 1770 Read & 
Nonconcurrd & the House adhere to their own Vote with 
Amendment at A viz insert of Morrice Champney Richard 
Pearce Sen"" & John Pearce 

Sent up for Concurrence T. Cushing Spk'" 

In Council Nov^ 8 1770 Read and Concurred 

Jn° Cotton D. Secry 
Consented to 



i 



14 

366 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY ^ 

We the Subscribers of ffull age Testifie and Say That on the 
Third Day of October Last We were Ordered on board the 
Sloop Speedwell for a Cruise under Command of Eleazer 
Moses Lieu* of the Province Gaily and Going out of the 
Mouth of Port Royall Harbour We Saw a Small Vessell 
After which we Gave Chase upon w*^^^'* s'^ Vessell was imme- 
diately Run a Shore and Set on fire and Left by the men y* 
were on Board And when we caine up with her found her 
to be a French Ketch ffrom Penopscott One Casteen Comd'' 
or Owner Loaden with Beaver And after some time the ffire 
being put out the s*^ Ketch was Brought off and Hailed a 
Long side the s*^ Sloop Speedwell and there on Loaded of 
her Cargoe w*^'' Contained between Forty & ffifty Bundles of 
Beaver Severall Bundles of Scale Skins and many other 
Loose Skins some Bundles of Otter three small ffrench Guns 
& Ffour Baggs of Ffeathers. 

Boston New England Novm'": 1 : 1710 

Tho Cheney 
Rich R Bethen's 

mark 

Dauid Balch 
David Bedle 
William Trow 
nehemiah Barker 
Joseph — — Gilberts 

mark 

ebenezer henderson 
Joshua Edwards 
John Gilbert is vncertaine, to the quaintety, bever, feath- 
ers, &c : 

Ebenezer Henderson, vncertaine of the quaintety or num- 
ber of the Baggs of Fethers. 

Sworne the day, & year, above before mee, 
// Jer: Dummer. J. P.eace. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 367 

Attorney GreneraVs Opinion respecting settling Soldiers 
at Augusta. 

In obedience to tlie Commands of the Lords Com""^ of 
trade and plantations signified by Yours of the Sevent of 
June last I have considered the peticon and the several 
memorials & have heard all paities concerned except M'.' Pat- 
ridge on whom no personal Summons could be served by rea- 
son of his absence from England as I was informed & his 
Son who presented the Memorial on his fatliers behalfe being 
Summoned Answered that he should take no care about it 
as was deposed before me. 

The Question their Lop* are pleased to ppose is whether 
the King can pperly Grant the Lands peticoned for which 
Land is described to be a tract of Land Between Nova 
Scotia and the pvince of Maine in New England in America 
M^ Dummer Agent for the province of Massachusetts bay, 
appeared before me and I required of him to make out the 
Allegacons in his first Memorial wherein he Asserts that near 
a third part of this tract of Land was purchased of the Indian 
Natives bona fide by English people & confirmed by Grants 
from the Counsel of Plymouth which he says also therein are 
ready to be pduced & that severall flourishing Settlements 
were made at great expense by the said purchasors till they 
were ruined by the fl'rench in the late warr I found liim 
Unable to make out any of tlie said facts but he alledged he 
wanted time to pduce the said Deeds of purcliase & make 
out the other facts I heard him as to his Second Memorial 
wherein he Asserts that the pvince of Massachusetts bay 
have these Lands given to them by the Charter of King 
William only with this limitation that their Grants be after- 
wards confirmed by the Crown & that therefore a good title 
cannot be made to these Lands without a Grant first made 
by the General Assembly of the said province & to make 



368 DOCUMENT AKY HISTORY 

good this assertion he referred to the Words of the Charter 
in the printed booke page (13 ) which are as follows 

Provided also that it shall and may be lawful for the 
said Governour & General Assembly to make or pass any 
Grant of Lands lying within the bounds of Colonies formerly 
called the Colonies of Massachusetts bay & new Plymouth & 
pvince of Maine in such manner as heretofore they might 
have done by virtue of any former Charter or Letters patents 
which Grants of Land within the Bounds aforesaid We do 
hereby Will & ordain to be and continu for ever of full force 
& effect without further approbacon or Consent And so as 
nevertheless it is our Royal Will and pleasure that no Grant 
or Grants of any Lands lying or extending from the River of 
Sagadahock to the Gulph of S^ Lawrence & Canada Rivers 
and to the Main Sea Northward & Eastward to be made or 
past by the Governour & Generall Assembly of our said 
pvince be of any force validity or effect untill we our heires 
& Successors shall have signified our or their approbacon of 
the same. 

Upon Consideration of these Words I am humbly of opinion 
that the Crown has not divested itself in any manner of the 
right to the Lands described to be extending from the River 
of Sagadahock to the Gulfe of S^ Lawrence & Canada Rivers 
& to the Main Sea northward & Eastward which I understand 
is the Land in question Nor has the Crown given the said 
Governour & General Assembly any of the Lands these 
words being at most only a power by implication to prepare 
Grants which are to have no validity unless confirmed by 
the CroAvn so that I humbly conceive there is nothing in this 
Charter which prevents the Crown from granting those 
Lands the Sole legal right remaining still in the Crown. 

I required the Agent for Duke Hamilton to make out the 
right of the Duke to the Tenn thousand acres as is Asserted 
in the Letter of her Grace the Dutchess of Hamilton in the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 369 

behalfe of her Son and I find that there was a Grant in the 
2]^th Year of Charles the first of that quantity of Acres lying 
on the South East side of Sagadahock river to the then Mar- 
quiss of Hamilton & his heires But I do not find that the 
Grantee or his descendants have taken possession or in any 
manner occupyed the same which is attributed to the Civil 
Warrs in England that ensued after the said Grant & to the 
other Warrs of the Indians not many Years after Nor do I 
find that any other person have been in possession of the 
same. If so it would be hard for the Crown not to reserve 
such right in any future Grant As to S^ Bigby Lakes pre- 
tencons for himself and the others mentioned in his Memorial 
I required some of the Assertions of their Right to the 
Lands menconed therein & there were pduced to me A Con- 
veyance under the hand & Seal of Robert West EsqT to 
S^ Bigby Lake by vertue of a patent dated the Sixth day of 
December in the Second Year of the Reign of King James 
the Second and several Authentick Copies of antient Deeds 
which were purchased of Indians & English certified under 
the hand & Seal of the Governour of the p vince of Massa- 
chusetts bay which seem to convey a very good title to the 
Memorialists of the p ticulars hereafter menconed (Vez^ ) 
Rowsick als Arrowsick Island lying on the East side of Ken- 
nebeck River Nequeasitt als Negwegseg bounded by Saga- 
diock River on the Western side thereof and Sheeps Corke 
River on the Eastern side thereof one Great Pond lying on 
the North side thereof & the River commonly called Nog- 
wasseg River on the West side thereof And all houses and 
Lands in Nogwassett bounded by Sackechork River on the 
West or Westerly & so to Merry meeting Creek and from 
thence to the Northwards eight Miles up into the Country 
and from thence Easterly to Shipscott River and from thence 
to a place called Tapanegine Southerly and from thence all 
along Mourswaggen Bay & so along to Russock & from Rus- 

24 



370 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

sock to Tossock & from thence to Merry meeting all along 
Sackrehock River All Lands vpon the River of Kennebeck 
the bounds & limitts whereof extend from the northmost of 
a certain place called Caper Sacantry & on both sides of the 
aforesaid River of Kennebeck reaching ten miles into the 
Woods on each side of the said River Kennebeck East &; 
West and so extending Southwards unto a certain place 
called and known by the name of a sworne all which is about 
four Leagues length South & North all Lands lying on both 
sides Kennebeck River reaching ten miles into the Woods 
on each side of the River beginning about half a mile above 
Swann Alley extending to the Northmost part of Caper 
Secoubie als Caper Sacantry which is in length up and down 
the River about 32: or 37: miles and all Lands at and about 
Teronock als Tochonock lying and being on both sides of the 
said River Kennebeck reaching tenn Miles into the Woods 
beginning at the lower End Neaguamer als Neguamcott and 
so reaching up the River four miles above the falls of Tork- 
onock all Lands lying in and about Agnascorangaw adjoyn- 
ing to Kennebeck River on the Northwest and so South 
westward to the Southermost Island of Negnomkey and Six 
Miles from Torkonock falls Northwastward and so fifteen 
Miles all along from the said River Kennebeck into the main 
Land Southeastwards and all houses Edifices buildings Lands 
grounds Trees Timber Woods Vnderwoods Mines Minerals 
ffeeding pastures Moores Marshes Swamps Meadows Waters 
water-courses pooles ponds Lakes Rivers Brookes Coves 
Inletts Creakes Bayes fishing fowling hawking and hunting 
profitts priviledges advantages Hereditaments and Appurts 
whatsoever in tlie North East part of New England in Amer- 
ica And the Memorialists Ancestors were at great expence 
in improving and maintaining the p misses but were unhap- 
pily driven from thence by the Indians and some of them 
pticularly the said ST Bigby Lakes Grandfather destroyed by 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 37l 

the Indians in defence of their possessions as in the said 
Memorial! is sett forth and the Memorialists have been at 
great expences to improve and resettle these pr misses since 
his Majesties happy accession to the Throne and have settled 
a great many families thereupon and are now in quiet pos- 
session thereof I am therefore humbly of opinion that in 
Justice and Equity these Memorialists the Duke Hamilton 
Si Bigbye Lake Ann the Wife of Inreas Mather Edward 
Hutchinson and Josiah Waldo are entituled also to a reser- 
vation of their Right to the p misses aforesaid respectively. 

W™ Thomson. 

18**^ Decemb'" 
1717 

U:') JVetv England 

M^. SoW. G-enF? Report upon Several 
Claims and Pretensions to some Land 
between New England (f Nova Scotia 
upon w^!^ the Disbanded Officers 
Sold^^ ^ others desire a Settlem*. 



Meed 
Head 



19 Decemb'' 1717 



Solicitor GeneraVs Letter enclosing Eoregoing Report. 

Decemb'' y® 5'^ 

1717 

S-: 

I had obeyed ye commands of ye Lords Commrs sig- 
nifyed by you in June last immediately after, If ye petitioners 
for ye tract of land between Nova Scotia & ye Province of 
Main had not been ye occasion of their own delay : I desired 
their agent to summon all partyes who had given in memo- 



372 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

rials against ye petition, and I fix'd a day for a hearing, and 
I found three different partys not summoned ye vacation 
came on when I was at leisure I order'd fresh summon's, but 
I found some of ye partys out of town, and their agents 
applyed for time till their writings could be produced, 1 
could not in Justice deny their request. It was some time in 
last month before all partys could be ready to attend a full 
hearing of ye affaire, ye hurry of ye latter end of ye Terme 
has prevented my preparing my thoughts for ye board ; 1 
fully intended it ye first leisure day, but am very much out 
of order with a violent cold so that tis very uneasye to my 
eyes even to write these few lines I hope ye beginning of 
next week to be able to obey the commands of my Lords. 

Tis contrary to my inclinations to lett business lye 
before me undispatched, nor should this have been so, if it 
had not been upon ye occasion I mention. 

I am S'^ Your most 
Humble Serv! 
W'" Thomson 

E : New England 

Letter from M^. SoP'. Cren{ relating to his 
opinion upon the Eet? of some disbanded 
officers ^ Soldiers, praying for a Settle- 
m\ between Nova Scotia ^ ye Province of 
Main. 

Reed Dec^. ye 6*'^ ) yyi'y 

Read 9^'' D? ) 



S' 



Admty Office 13th Febry 1718 



I have read to my Lords Comm""* of the Admty your 
Letter of yesterday's date, together with the Extract of one 



OF THE STATE OF MALS^E 373 

from Nathaniel Shannon, relating to Irregularities comitted 
by the Captain of the Squirrel on the Coast of New England, 
in answer to which I am comanded by their Lordships to 
send you the enclosed Extract of a Letter from the said 
Captain, and to acquaint you, that the same is all the 
accounts their Lordships have received of that Affair. I am 

s-: 

Your most humble servant 
J Burchett 

William Popple Esq! 



February 24tJ> 1711- 

To the Right Hon''"' the Lords Comm" for 
Trade & Plantations. 

The humble Petition of several 
Persons attending on behalf of the 
People that have proposed to settle the 
Land lying between the Province of 
Main in New England & Nova Scotia 
in America. 
Sheweth, 

That the Petitioners to his Mag'^ for a Settlement on 
the said Land, did alledge that the Land did formerly belong- 
to the Crown, that it was lost to the French in King Williams 
War & was reconquered from the French by the Crown of 
England in the Year 1710, that it lay wast & uninhabited 
&c :, Which Allegations his Majesty in Council, was gra- 
ciously pleased to refer to your Lordships to be examined. 

That your Petitioners humbly conceivmg the Crown 
by the Conquest thereof has reinvested itself of a just Right 
& Title to the said Land, the French demolishing Pema(iuid 



374 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the fortress thereof laid the Governmen'' of that Land to the 
Garrison of Port Royal in Nova Scotia, & was surrendered 
together at the Conquest to the Crown, & also confirmed to 
the Crown of England together at the Peace of Utrecht. 

May it thereof please your LordR^ to have the Con- 
quest examined before you, & that it may please your 
Lord?^ to give direction to your Secretary to write to Genl 
Nicholson to lay before you the Extent & Limits of the 
French & English Conquests as they appeared to him at the 
Reduction of the said Territory's in the Year 1710. 
And your Lord^® Pet! as in Duty bound 
shall ever pray &c. 
Le Marq* De Wignacourt Francopuelle 
Dujary 

Danl Petisson 
W"? Birkhead 

( No Endorsement ) 



Letter from Governor Samuel Shute '■'-to the Jesuit at 
NorigwalK Feb. 21, 1718. 

S' 

Tis now some time Since I received your long Letter of 
August last, and had sent you an Answer to it before now, 
but that I was willing, and in some measure Obliged to Com- 
municate it to the General Assembly of this Province ; and 
which I accordingly did at our last Sessions, and Who are 
very much surprized at many of the Articles Contained 
therein, and especially at your Unchristian, as well as unkind 
Treatment of M'' Baxter: But of that I shall take Notice in 
it's proper place, as I Come to it in your Letter which T have 
now before me. 



I 



DOCUMENTAHY HISTORY 375 

I Observe you begin it with professing your self a Lover 
of Peace ; I shall be very glad to understand you Approve 
your self so, in your Management & Conduct with respect to 
the Indians, and especially those that are under the Alle- 
giance & Protection of His Majesty the King of Great Brit- 
ain, and that accordingly Inhabit within His Territorys in 
America. And this is what you ought always to remember 
when you are treating with the Eastern Indians ; And there- 
fore you must Expect to be Accountable first to God 
Almighty by whom Kings Reign, and then to His Majesty 
and His Government, if a People that have in many solemn 
Treaty's put themselves in great willingness and seriousness 
under the Government and protection of the Crown of Great 
Britain, should by your Influence be seduced from it, and 
drawn into a Disturbance of His Majesty's Government & 
People of this Province who are Willing to live in Peace 
and good Affection with them, But I hope & Expect Better 
things from a Missionary of the Gospel of Peace. When 
you say Ecclesia ahhorret a sanguine^ I suppose you mean 
vera Ecclesia, the Church of God built upon the Foundation 
of the Apostles and Prophets Jesus Christ Himself being the 
Chief Corner Stone ; For otherwise we read in Revelation of 
a False Church or Spiritual Babylon who was Drunk with 
Blood Viz* the Blood of the Saints, and of the Martyrs of 
Jesus ; and it will be very Terrible, where even a drop of 
that Blood is found when Inquisition is made. 

Your Allegorical Character of tlie Indians Temper and 
resentments is a little Misterious ; however I Cannot Appre- 
hend any Danger or Mischief from them so long as We are 
Just & keep Our solemn Agreements and Treaty's with them, 
which I shall always Endeavour with utmost sincerity & 
Exactness to perform and make good And that you may the 
better understand what those are, I have herewith sent you 
a printed Copy of the last Treaty I made with them my self 



376 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

at Arowsick, which will set you right in Many things that 
hitherto you are either mistaken in, or not well Informed of. 

After all, if the Indians, should without any Just prov- 
ocation on Our part, Maliciously, or by 111 advice give us any 
Disturbance (which God forbid) we shall Endeavour to 
Defend Our Selves, and punish them ; Always Trusting in 
the Protection and favour of a Good, Almighty, & a Right- 
eous God. 

As to the Affair of the Man of Justice, by whom I sup- 
pose you mean Capt Ephraim Savage ; I have Enquired into 
it, And he Justifys his proceedings in that matter by the 
Laws of this Government : And you know the Old saying 
Cum Fueris Romse Romano Vivito More ~ If the Indians or 
French Come into Our Towns, they must Observe the Laws 
of the Land, and Especeally those referring to the Sabbath or 
Lords Day, and the preservation of the Peace, Drunkeness, 
or the like; And the Old Genf^ Averrs That he did not 
otherwise with the Indians than he would have done by 
English People in the like Circumstance ; After all it is such 
a Trifle, that it is scarse worth mentioning, much less Can it 
deserve to be a Foundation of a publick Quarrel, Especially 
when the Indian had no Indignity done his Person & all 
went off with a small Mult. Besides Capt Savage was a 
Magistrate under Oath, & so Obliged to do what he did - 
Before I leave this Paragraph, I must needs Desire you in 
your Religious Instructions to the Indians to Observe and 
press upon them how very necessary it is for them and all 
Christians to Sanctify the Lords day Sabbath. 

As to the Business of Rhum, or Strong Drink ; I am 
perfectly of your Opinion, Concerning the Mischievous Con- 
sequences of Supply mg the Indians there withall, that it is 
destructive to Soul and Body ; and that it has all along had 
a great hand in private Murthers, as well as the Open & 
Cruell Warrs, we and they have in times past been Engaged 
in, but how to prevent it Hie Labor, Hoc Opus — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 377 

The Clergy of this Countrey have from the Pulpit bore 
a very Affectionate and Solemn Testimony against this 
Wickedness. 

And the Government have made very wholesome and 
Severe Laws with Penaltys against it; and as often as the 
Transgressors are Convicted, they are Punished : But helas ! 
it is almost Impossible to prevent it, the Countrey, & Sea 
Coast bemg so large. However you may be Assured this Gov- 
ernment have nothing more at heart than this very thing, to 
prevent the Indians to the Eastward from having any Rum 
sent them, and every session of the General Assembly, we 
are projecting new and more Effectual methods for that pur- 
pose ; And I shall take it kindly if you Can suggest any- 
thing of that sort, either of your self or from the Indians ~ 

Besides the Laws of the Land agamst this Iniquity; I 
have given Strict Orders to the Officers of the Government 
and principal persons of the Eastern parts to take Special 
Care that the Indians have no Rhum sold or given them on 
any pretence whatsoever ; and I am in hopes we shall in time 
attain a good reformation in tliat Article ~ However you must 
Assure the Indians that nothmg of this sort has ever been 
Transacted, by Order, or so much as with the knowledge of 
the Government, for they utterly renounce & Abhorr it But 
transacted secretly by Villains ; for which reason the Iniquity, 
or 111 Consequences thereof, cannot with Justice be Imputed 
to the Government, no more than a plunder, or Robbeiy 
Comitted by the Pyrates - 

As to Your not having an Answer from this Govern- 
ment to a Letter of yours dated three years since, it was 
before my arrival here, and therefore say nothing to it ~ 

I am now Come to that part of your Letter which referrs 
to Mr Baxter ~ 

By the Treaty I had at Arowsick which I must again 
referr you to ; You will find that I presented M\ Baxter to 



378 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Indians as a Protestant Missionary to Instruct them in 
the Rehgion of Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, accord- 
ing as we find it Revealed in the Holy Scriptures of the Old 
& New Testament: And that as he Came with an Ardent 
and Sincere Desire for their Conversion & Eternal Salvation ; 
So I Expected they should treat him with all Affection and 
Respect for his Character and Works sake : to which the 
Indians Answered That it would be Strange, if they should 
not love them that came from God It is true they Added 

withall, that which was not only very Surprizing but even a 
Contradiction or Inconsistency Viz^ That they Desired to be 
Excused as to the Bible, Giving as a reason, That God had 
Given them Teaching already - Must it not seem Strange 
even to Your Self, That a People whom you pretend to have 
Instructed in the Christian Religion and Even Proselyted 
thereunto. Should Disclaim the holy Scriptures which Con- 
tain the Entire Rudiments of the Christian Religion and are 
the only Rule of Faith, Worship and Manners ; You would 
do well to Explain that matter for them, That they should 
pretend to have teaching already, & yet avoid the Bible - 
But as to your Ch&rge of Ml' Baxters want of Scholarship ; 
I have never yet seen either your Latin Letters to him or his 
Answers to you, and so Cannot Judge which of you may 
have the better, as to the Latinist : But Certainly you Can- 
not Suppose the Main or principal Qualification of a Gospel 
Minister, or Missionary among a Barbarous Nation, as the 
Indians are, to be an Exact Scholar as to the Latin Tongue 
I say with respect to the Indians, For I am perfectly of Opin- 
ion That a Man Cannot be Accomplished for the Work of 
the Ministry without good Literature - And that next to a 
Zeal for the Glory of God, a Love to Souls ; Learning is not 
only an Ornam* but even Necessary to an Able Minister of 
the New Testament ~ And Yet after all a Man may be well 
skilled in the Learned Languages & not Capable Ex Impro- 
vise, to write a Correct Latin Letter ~ 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 379 

I hope I need not tell you the Main design of a Chris- 
tian Mission among the Indians is to bring them from the 
Darkness of their Ignorance & Paganism to the Marvellous 
Light of the Gospell, and Under the Influence of the Divine 
Spirit to Translate them from the Power of Satan, who has 
had a Usurped possession of these parts of the World for so 
many Ages, to the Kingdom of the Son of God, whose right 
it is, and to whom every knee shall Bow &c And as I Can 
Assure you, it was with this Design that I Carried and left 
Mr Baxter in those parts ; So I Dare Answer for it, he had 
never undertook the Blessed Work, but with & from the 
same principle ; most seriously and Affectionately professing, 
there was nothing he Desired more in the World than to be 
Instrumental in setting up and Carrying on the Kingdom of 
Our Lord Jesus Christ among the Indians. 

And it seems strange to me. That one who professes 
himself a Christian Missionary, as you do, among the same 
People, should not only Oppose, But even Ridicule a Mission 
in the same Glorious Name, and for the same Blessed end ; 
Altho the Method taken may be very differmg ; Your Con- 
duct in this Affair does not seem to be Agreeable to the 
spirit and practice of the Great Apostle in his Epistle to the 
Philippians, Chap. 1. Verses 15. 16 & so on. What then? 
Notwithstanding every way whether in pretence or in truth 
Christ is Preached, and I therein doe Rejoice yea & I will 
rejoice. Upon which Catholick Principle I had reason to 
Expect that instead of hindring and Abusing M"" Baxter you 
should have Embraced & bid Him Wellcome ; If not as a 
Brother on all Accounts, yet at least as a Fellow Labourer 
in the Work of the Lord, & the rather when the harvest was 
so plenteous, and the Labourers so few ; And instead of 
Excomunicating and Unchristian Treatment of the Poor 
Indians for only Attending on Mr Baxters Instructions, you 
had Recouiended him and his Labours, to those poor People ; 



380 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

This had been not only for the Gloiy of God, the promoting 
the Common Cause of Religion, but your own honour & 
Comfort. 

After your long Paragraph referring to M^ Baxter, you 
proceed to tell me of a Complaint the Indians make of the 
Treaty of Arowsicks being already Broken by the English 
Settlements up the river Kennebec ; here again I must 
remark to you That either you never saw or have forgot the 
submission and Agreement of the Indians to His Majesty 
King George & His Government, at Arowsick in that Treaty, 
which was but the Repetition and Confirmation of many pre- 
ceeding Treatys, you will find - Notwithstanding some little 
DifiQculty and Dispute at first It was finally Agreed on. That 
the English should have Enjoy and settle, if they saw good, 
where their predecessors had done - And be look't upon as 
the just and rightfull Owners or Proprietors of such places 
and Lands as at any time heretofore have been under the 
English Improvement; Nor would I put it wholly on the 
foot of Possession, but a Just and good Title by Purchase 
from the Natives, the Original Indian Sachems or Proprietors 
of those Eastern Lands : For we not only had it in Command 
Antiently from the Kings of England, But it was one of the 
Fundamentall Laws of this Government not to Enter upon 
any of the Lands belonging to the Aboriginees without a 
fair, honest purchase ; and accordingly the Gentlemen Claim- 
ing Lands about Kennebec River, and those parts have their 
Indian Deeds to show for the same — 

As to the Lands lying to the Eastward of Pema- 
quid I know of no Settlement Designed at present from 
hence in those parts and whenever any does Come forward 
by Order of this Government I shall take Care, that no Lands 
be Entred upon but such as have been honestly purchased 
from the Indians, or heretofore possessed by the English 
being Determined according to my promise at the Treaty 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 381 

afores*^ to presei-ve the Indians in their rights of Land, as 
well as other privilidg and at the same time to Defend & 
secure the King's Government and tlie English proprietys ; ~ 
You will also Observe by the Treaty That the 
Liberty of fishing fowling & hunting was freely and without 
Exception Granted and secured to the Indians ; I am glad to 
find no Complaint upon that head — 

In the Conclusion of your Letter, you were 
pleased, as in the beginning, to set before me, the Warlike 
and Terrible Genius of the Indians, and the strong Alliances 
they have with some other Indian Tribes ; this Harangue I 
Can look upon no otherwise than as a Menace & Insult to 
His Majestys Governm* & People of this Countrey ; but you 
will please to remember what a King of Israel once said in a 
like Case Let not him that puts on the harness. Boast as he 
that pulls it off, nor is the Strong Man to Glory in his 
strength ; And as I have told you already, so I now repeat 
it. That as long as we are Just and true to our Treaties of 
peace, & Agreements with them, and give them no Just 
provocation for a War, we shall not fear or be Dismayd, but 
put our Trust in God, & not only Defend our selves, but 
Endeavour to Chastise them And I would have both you & 
tliem to know, That I serve a Great, a Wise, a Just & Mighty 
King, & who will take Effectual Care, not only to Protect 
His subjects but to punish His Enemy's & tho they are at 
some Distance from His Throne Yet he will find a way to 
reach them with his Amies, & make them sensible of His 
power & Just Displeasure, And Especially if any of the 
French King's subjects are found to be promoter of any 
Disturbance, or Warr between us — pursuant to that strict 
Alliance between Great Britain & France, by Virtue of 
which the French are Obliged to Assist us against our 
Enemy s ; And it seems strange to me That when there is so 
strict a Union & peace at home between the two Nations, 



382 DOCUMENTABY HISTORY 

there should be the least mention of a War abroad in the 
plantations. Nor will it suffice to say, It is the Indians &c. 
No : We have found by more than three score years Experi- 
ence, that We had always lived in perfect peace with Our 
Neighbouring Indians, had it not been for the Instigation, pro- 
tection supply & even personal Assistance of the French ; so 
that in Case any Unjust War or Breach should happen ( which 
God forbid ) We shall look upon y« French, & principally the 
Popish Missionareys among them, as a Main Cause thereof I 
must therefore caution & Charge you regarding the Indians 
to keep them in peace to put them in mind of their own 
Submission & solemn Covenants from time to time with my 
Government, to remind them of their being under the happy 
protection & subjection of King George as they themselves 
acknowledge by the Treaty - And finally that you will well 
& faithfully Comunicate to them the Contents of this my 
Letter & Assure them of my Justice & favour to them, in 
whatever they Can reasonably Desire, upon their faithfuU 
peaceable & good behaviour And y' they will Certainly find 
their Account in being at peace & ffriendship with us. I 
shall add no more, but upon your Just respect & Dutifull 
behaviour towards His Maj"<^^ Governm* of this province, 
with regard to the Indians you shall find me 

Sr Yours &c 

Samll Shute 
Postscript I have also Inclosed you 
a Copy of a Law of this Govern* 
referring to persons of your Order, 
that are found in any of King 
Georges Dominions, which you 
will do well to Consider of. 

Boston Feb. 21. 1718. 



OF THE STATE OF MADSTE 383 

Boston April 15*? 1718. 

glr 

I have the favour of Yours of the 27*?^ of March last 
by his Excelecys order and likewise Inclosed a Copie of a 
leter to M^ Speaker signed Elisha Cooke. 

I pray you to return my Acknowledgements to his Excel- 
ency for doing me this Justice and his cautioning me I have 
not been guilty of any such actions as is complained of 
believing that the Complainant has been wroug Informed. 

I have allways made it my greatest care and buisnes in 
the first place to Secure and Protect his Ma*"?'^ Intrest to the 
best of my power from being Cut or destroyed. 

So on the other hand particularly in the Province of Main 
whose Township is so large, That the Inhabitants do not goe 
out of there Township to get Loggs, to my Knowledge. Nor 
did I demand or Receive any Sum whatever from any of 
those Inhabitants Cooke Taxes me with. Nor can any pro- 
duce my order to any for demanding any Sum as Cooke setts 
forth In his leter, since my arriual. 

This I hope will be a Satisfactory answer to his Excelency, 
to whom pray give my Duty I am 
Sir 

Your most humble Servant 
J Bridger 
To Josiah Willard Esq^ -v 

Secretary of the Province V 

of the Massachusetts bay ) 

this was the first Notice I ever had of Cooks Complants 
tho It had been from the Begining of Febu'"?' before 
the Representatives. 

J P 

Und : ) JVetv England 

Copies of several Papers vindicating 



384 DOCUMENT ARY HISTORY 

iltfr Bridger from the Accusation of hav- 
ing Exacted Mony from the Inhabitants 
of the Province of Main, for liberty 
to cut Loggs there./ 

received with M^. Bridger s 
ir to 2/« Board of July U^'' 1718. 



Anno Ri R'^ Georgy Nunc 
Mag. Britannia &c Quinto 
A# At a Great and General Court or Assembly of his 
Majestys Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New- 
England begun and held at Boston upon Wednesday 
the 28*^ day of May Anno Dom : 1718 and Continued 
by prorogations to Wednesday the 29*^ day of October 
next after and then met. 
Thursday 

Decern'" 4*^ 1718 The Committee appointed to Consider 

A. M. the Memorial of Elisha Cooke Esq' &c 

having perused the Several papers referring thereto Do 
report as follows viz* That the allegations made against 
the said Elisha Cooke by John Bridger Esq'" Surveyer 
No 1^ General of his Majestys Woods are not Supported by 
the papers laid before us — 

That the said Bridger hath Obstructed the Inhabi- 
tants of this province m their Just Rights and privi- 
ledges of Logging by his Arbitrary & unwarrantable 
Demanding money of them for Liberty to Improve 
their Rights as aforesaid 

The Committee are therefore humbly of Opinion that 
some Effectuall care be taken by this Government to 
Secure both his Majestys Rights in Trees fit for Masts 
for his Navy According to the Reservation in the 
Royall Charter and the aforesaid Priviledges and just 



OF THE STATE OF ELAINE 385 

propertys of his Majesty s good Subjects of this prov- 
ince from further Invasions. 

In the Name and by Order of the Committee. 

John Clarke 
Read and Accepted, 

Sent up for Concurrence. 



Petition of J. Wellington ^ others 

["To Gov Shute."] 
May it Please 
Yo"^ Excellency 

In as much as sundry the Proprietors of 
the Town of Scarborough are disposed to resettle there in 
the Spring; but not willing to attempt any thing of that 
nature w"^out first making application to your Excellencj^ 
We have sent the bearer on purpose, humbly praymg that 
yo"" Excellency and Councill would please to countenance 
and direct therein for a more regular settlem* — Wee being 
to the Number of between 30 and 40. 

By the same Messenger we have sent to W'" Burridge 
of Watertown, who was formerly the Keeper of the Records ; 
If in case he may refuse to deliver or bring them, wee pray 
your Excellencys favour therein ; that our proceedings may 
be more agreeable rmto y^ whole. 

With all due respects, Wee remaine 
S^ 

Yo! Excellency's 
most humble and 
most obd* Ser*^ 
J : Wentworth 
Geo: Vauglian 
Sam* Penhallow 
W"» Cotton 

25 



386 DOCUMENTARY HISTOKY 

Memorial of Proprietors, tfc, of Falmouth. 

To his Excellency Samuel Shute Esq! 
Cap* General & Govern! in Chief in & 
over his Majestjs Province of the Mas- 
sachusetts Bay in New England And 
the Hon''^® Council And Represent, in 
General Court Assembled, 

The Memorial of the Proprie''s & Settlers of the 
Town of Falmouth in Casco bay. — 

Humbly Sheweth That by a Petition of the Proprie''s of the 
Town of Falmouth in Casco bay to his Excellency the Gov! 
Hon^^'^ Council & Represent in General Court Assembled in 
May 1717. Liberty was Granted to the said Proprie^^s to 
resettle the said Town And in order thereunto the s? Proprie''s 
were directed to Apply themselves to a Com*?^ Appointed in 
the Year 1715 to regulate the Settlements of the Eastern 
Frontiers ; for Advice in the Manner of their Settlement 

That Your Memorialist have Fully Complyed with the 
s^^ Direction And that Notwithstanding we have repeated 
Our Applications to the s'^ Com*?® the Matter is still delayed 
which has a tendency to Great Confusions in Our Settlem* 
And is a Great discouragment to the Proprie''s & Inhabit!^ of 
which there are a Considerable Number already Upon the 
Spot that are very desirous of a Good regulation. 

That Your Mem^? Also have been Informed that a Small 
Number of the Antient Proprie''s of the Town of North Yar- 
mouth ( having been Incouraged thereto by some few of the 
Proprie^s of Falmouth bordering upon them ) have Petitioned 
Your Excy and the General Court for Liberty to Settle a 
Town at or Near a place called Broad Cove & so to Extend 
to Pesumpscut River And have Already taken possession 
And have Actually Laid out Lotts ( without Approbation of 



OF THE STATE OF JMAINE 387 

the Governin* ) by a Com**^*' Chosen Among themselves that 
have no right or Interest m said Towns. — 

That the Greatest part of s^ Tract of Land Your Pefs 
Crave Leave humbly to shew is within the Antient Bounds 
of the Town of Falmouth Settled by the Governm* And 
Contains at Least an 8"' part of Our Said Town together 
with a Commodious Stream for Mills the Antient priviledge 
of s^ Town which Land And privileges if we should be 
deprived off would tend greatly to Our detriment & Dis- 
couragment of Our Settlement here 

Your Memo. Therefore humbly pray Your Excy And 
the Hon''^® Court now Assembled take Our Circumstances 
into Your Consideration that some proper Method may be 
taken for Our regular Establishment, as to Our Antient 
Bounds as well as in Other respects by a Com*?® fully 
Impowered for that End or by Liberty Granted to the Pro- 
price's & Inhabitants here to Act as a Town which We 
humbly Suppose tend to Our peaceable Settlement & prevent 
all Unhappy diffirences And Confusions Among us. 

But all is Submitted to the wise Consideration & Deter- 
mination of Your Excy Your Hone's And the General Court 
now Assembled. By Your Humble Pefs 

Sam" Moody, Peletiali Munjoy, Joshua Bracket, Benja. 
Larrabee, John Savage, Elisha Ingersol, Benj. Skillen, Rich'' 
Shute, Elias Hart, Daniel Ingersol, John Gustin, Rich^ Rich- 
ardson, Tho^ Snell, Jona. Danford, Eben Pratt, Rich*? Coller, 
Nath'i Winslow, W" Clap, W" Scales, Ricli'^ Willimot, John 
Wass, William Haly, Place Stevens, John East, Elias Town- 
shend, John Lovell, John Prichard, Mathew Scales, Thomas 
Tomes, Eben Hold, Thomas Danford, Sam" Case, John Dan- 
ford, James Mills, Sam" Procter, Sam" Richardson, Benj-? 
Larrabee Jun'', Francis Danford, Mark Round, James Mari- 
ner, Adam Mariner, Simon Lovel Job Harris W'" Roberts, 
Richard Jones, Azre Gale, Philip Barger, John King, John 



388 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Smith, Rich** Pullen, Jacob Royal, Jarvis Ballard, Timothy 
Thornton 

In The House of Represent. June 18, 1718 
Read & Ordered That Lewis Bane Esq^ and Cap* 
Joseph Hill be Added to the Com*?® formerly Appointed to 
direct And Regulate the Eastern Settlements, Any three of 
the s'* Com*®® ( If no more be present ) to have power to act 
in the said Aif air. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Burrill Speak. 
In Council 

June 19 1718. Read & Concurd 
J Willard Secry 
A True Copy Examin** g 

J Willard Seciy 



The right of Massachusetts to the Province of Maine, 
vindicated. 

Their late Majestys King William & Queen Mary of Blessed 
memory in the Third year of their Reign in their Royal 
Wisdom being Graciously pleased to gratifie their Subjects 
of the Colony of the Massachusetts Bay in New England : 
& also for other Good ends & Considerations did of their 
Special Grace, Will & Ordain that the Territories & Colonies 
Commonly called or known by the Name of the Colony of 
the Massachusetts Bay & Colony of New Plymouth the 
Province of Main, the Territory called Accada or Nova 
Scotia & all that tract of land lying between the said Terri- 
tories of Nova Scotia & the said Province of Maine should 
be Created United & Incoi-porated into one Real Province by 
the Name of the Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New 
England : Ferdinando Gorge Esq^ Grandson & Heir of Sr. 



OF THE STATE OF MAESTE 389 

Ferdinando Gorge Kn^ deceased, being Advised thereof & 
Supposing the Lands within tlie Province of Main to belong 
to him, made his humble Application to the Queen & the R* 
Hono^^ the Lords of their Majestys most Hono'"' Privy 
Council that his Inheritance might not be given away to the 
Massachusetts Colony And by his Petition set forth, that 
King Charles the first by his Letters Pattents under the 
Great Seal of England, bearing date the third day of April 
in the fifteenth year of his Reign did Give grant & Confirm 
unto S'' Ferdinando Gorge Kn* his heirs & Assigns forever 
the propriety & Government of all that Country called the 
Province of Main in New England, lymg between the River 
of Kennibeck Eastward & Piscataqua Westward : containing 
one hundred & Twenty Miles with diverse great privledges 
Royalties & Jurisdictions, And the s*^ S^' Ferdinando Gorge 
being so seized as aforesaid did lay out & Expend Twenty 
thousand pounds at least, for the better Improvement of the 
said Province of Main, That after the death of the said S'' 
Ferdinando Gorge it legally descended & came by Right of 
Inheritance to him the s^ Ferdinando Gorge ; Who soon after 
sent Persons over to New England to take Care of his Interest 
in that Province John Archdale Esq' having a Commission 
from the Crown at the Request of the s'' Gorge went over 
for that purpose & was there Resident for the Space of One 
Year, & then was opposed by some of the Inhabitants of the 
Colony of the Massachusetts by their laying Claim to the 
Chief part of the s*^ Province : which Occasioned several 
Contests & Suits at Law & he thereby compelled to defend 
his Legal Right to the s*^ Province Several persons being sent 
over to England by the s'^ Colony to maintain the same : 
And Several hearings were had on both Sides before his late 
Majesty King Charles the Second in Council who was then 
Graciously pleased to declare at the Council Board that the 
s*i Province did of Right belong to the s** Petitioner Gorge, 



390 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

& accordingly it was Confirmed unto & Reinvested upon 
liim Which Tryals & hearings did occasion vast Charges & 
ahnost the undoing of the s'^ Ferdinando his Estate ik, fam- 
ily: Whereupon the s*^ Ferdinando did humbly off err the s*^ 
Province to his said late Majesty for a Reasonable Consider- 
ation, as belonging Originally of Right to the Crown, but his 
Majesty Not Accepting thereof granted him to dispose thereof 
as he thought convenient. And by reason of his great Extrem- 
ity Occasioned as afores'^ he was forced to sell the same to 
John Usher of Boston for an inconsiderable sum, who after- 
wards sold it to the Colony of the Massachusetts : In some 
short time after, his said Majesty (Jrdered a Quo Warranto 
against the Corporation of the Massachusetts & by a Legal 
Sentence made Voyd their Charter : And the s'^ Corporation 
being so dissolved & become forfeited he presumed that upon 
the dissolution of the Charter of the Massachusetts the Lands 
purchased by them of the s*^ F. Gorge did Returne & Remaine 
in the s'' F. Gorge whom they had disseised & not either to 
the s'^ John Usher or any otlier, And did therefore humbly 
pray that his Inheritance might not be given away as afores*^ 
but he permitted to maintain his right at law or that her 
Majesty & that Hono^ Board would condescend to hear his 
Case & what ever should be by them determined he would 
Cheerfully Submitt unto : And the Right Hono^^ the Lords 
of the Committee of trade & plantations were appointed to 
Meet at the Council Chamber at White Hall on Wednesday 
the 26 of August 1691 & to hear at that time by Council 
Learned, the Agents of the Colony of the Massachusetts Bay, 
the said Gorge Mr Samuel Allen & such others as might be 
concerned in the Settlement of the boundaries of that Colony, 
And by a Summons signed William Blathwayt directed to 
the Messenger Attending the Committee of trade & Planta- 
tions the Agents were Summoned to Appear for the ends 
afores'^ Who did then & there among other things In Answer 



I 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 391 

to the Petition of the s'^ F. Gorge Acquaint their Lordships 
concerning the Vast Charges the s'^ Gorge had been at in 
Maintaining Countors at law with the Massachusetts, that 
in the year 1676 the Kings order respecting that affair was 
sent to the Government of the Massachusetts & the same 
year they sent over their Agents & before they had been 
Eight Months there the matter was determined in favour of 
the s'^ F. Gorge ; Who after he had tryed such as he thought 
would give the Most sold the Province to M'' Usher And the 
Massachusetts Colony to buy their & the Inhabitants peace 
purchased it of him And besides the purchase it had Cost 
them to defend it in the late Indian War Anno 1675 & in 
the then present War at least Twenty Thousand pounds 
besides the loss of Men : And altho by the Execution of the 
Judgment against the Massachusetts Charter, they might be 
deprived of their Charter priviledges & Rights as to the Gov- 
ernment, yet not of their Rights to their Lands nor was it so 
intended ; For King Charles the second when he sent over 
the Quo Warranto against the Colony he therewith sent his 
declaration bearing date the 26 of July 1683 wherein it was 
declared that none should Receive any prejudice in their 
Freehold & estate thereby & that the Private Interest & 
properties of all Persons should be Continued to them ; and 
the greatest part of that Province is Accordingly disposed of : 
And the Remainder is in the same Condition with the Estates 
belonging to the Corporations in England that were so 
deprived of their Rights & priviledges & not legally Restored 
And if there be any Revertion why to Mr. Gorge & not Mr. 
Usher he having been the Immediate precedent Proprietor 
but if he must be leapt over why not M'" Gorge too & the 
Lands Revert to the Crown which advantage the late King 
Charles the Second declared against as afores*^ & they there- 
fore humbly their then present Majestys would not take : 
And after the matter had been fully heard & argued on both 



392 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

sides M"^ Gorges Petition was dismissed and in less than two 
months the Charter granted to the Inhabitants of the Prov- 
ince of the Massachusetts Bay and the Province of Main 
notwithstanding all the strenuous Endeavours made by the 
said Gorge, and the same then Incorporated with & put under 
one & the same form of Government with the other Colonies 
& Territories. In which Royal Charter are the several Grants 
& Provisos following vzt. Provided nevertheless, & we do 
for Us, our heirs & successors Grant & ordain, that all & 
every such Lands Tenements & hereditaments & all other 
Estate which any Person or Persons or Bodies Politick or 
Corporate, Towns Villages Colleges or Schools do hold & 
enjoy or Ought to hold and Enjoy within the lands afores*^ 
by or under any Grant or Estate duely made or granted by 
any General Court formerly held or by virtue of the Letters 
Pattents herein before Recited or by any other LawfuU Right 
or Title whatsoever shall be by such Person & Persons, 
Bodies Politick & Corporate Towns Villages Colleges & 
Schools their Respective heirs Successors & assigns forever 
hereafter held and enjoyed According to the purport & 
Intent of Such respective Grant, under & Subject neverthe- 
less to the Rents & Services thereby Reserved or made pay- 
able, any matter or thing whatsoever to the Contrary 
Notwithstanding. 

It being our Further will & Pleasure that no Grants 
or Conveyances of any Lands, Tenements or Hereditaments 
to any Towns Colleges Schools of Learning or to any 
Private Person or Persons shall be judged or taken to be 
avoided, or prejudiced, for or by Reason of any want or 
defect of Form, but that the same stand & remain in force & 
be maintained & Adjudged and have effect in such Manner 
as the same should or ought before the time of the s*^ Recited 
Judgment, According to the Laws & Rules then & there 
usually practised & Allowed. Again Provided, also that it 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 393 

shall & may be lawfull for the Governour & General Assem- 
bly to make or pass any Grant of Lands lying within the 
bounds of the Colonies formerly called the Colonies of the 
Massachusetts Bay & New Plymouth & Province of Maine, 
in such manner as heretofore they might have done by Vir- 
tue of any former Charter or Letters Patents ; Which Grants 
of Lands within the bounds afores'^ we do hereby Will & 
Ordain to be & Continue forever of full force and Effect 
without our further Approbation or Consent. It is now 
Seventy Nine years Since the Crown Granted the Province 
of Maine, now Called the County of Yorke to S" Ferdinando 
Gorge Under whose assigns the Inhabitants of those parts do 
now hold their Lands & Estates: during which time many 
disputes, Controversies & Law Suits have been between the 
then Inhabitants & the Agents of Gorge concerning the Title 
to the Lands in the afores** Grant, which being Complained 
of by Gorge A hearing was had before the King & Council 
& pursuant to the Report of the Two Lord Chief Justices S"" 
Rich*^ Ransford & S'' Francis North, to whom the Matter was 
Referred for their opinion, as by their Report bearing date 
July 11, 1677, it was determined and Given in favour of the 
Complainant; So that had the Inhabitants no other Title 
than what they derive from M"" Ushers Deed, which was sev- 
eral years l)efore the vacating of the Charter of the Massa- 
chusetts ; And Continuing ever since in the Uninterrupted 
quiet & peaceable possession & Improvement of their Lands 
properties & Estates and they being Anno 1691 by the 
afores'^ Royal Charter fully & absolutely Confirmed to them 
their heirs successors & Assigns forever in such manner as 
they held & enjoyed them or ought to have held & enjoyed 
by force & Virtue of the afores'^ (irant of the Crown to tlie 
s"^ S'' F. Gorge and the several Purchases from his Assigns : 
It necessarily Creates in them an absolute Estate of Inherit- 
ance in fee simple forever : Wherefore It cannot be Supposed 



394 DOCUMENT AKY HISTORY 

that the & owners of y" Lands, Woods Timber &c contained 
within that Grant ought to be any Measure Abridged 
Restricted or hindered in the Use & Improvement thereof 
as they shall from time to time think will conduce most to 
their profitt & advantage, but they have to all Intentes pur- 
poses & Constructions as good Right & Lawfull Authority to 
make Use of them as the Proprietors & owners of the Real 
Estates within the Colony of the Massachusetts & New 
Plymouth can pretend to have : And therefore if at any time 
attempts have been made to deceive the People in the County 
of York & make them beleue that they have not a Right to 
Cut down the Trees & make Use of the Wood & Timber 
growing & being on Lands within their several Townships 
& they thereby in great danger of being put by their Usual 
employ & business without which many of them would not 
be able Comfortabley to subsist themselves & familys or pay 
their Publick dues but very soon brought into very mean 
& Low Circumstances to distressing streights & difficulties : 
And it being often Intimated to them, that whoever shall be 
so hardy as to venture into the Woods to logg or get Timber 
without purchasing a libertie & license so to do from the 
surveyor General of his Majestys Woods would forfeit one 
hundred pounds sterling for every tree they should fell cut 
or destroy of such a Diameter and made to pay it : When 
such base designs are on foot why it should be thought 
Criminal or in any wise mischeivous or Injurious to his Maj- 
estys Interest, to endeavor to detect & defeat such Intollera- 
ble enterprizes. And therefore sometime last winter being 
advised that John Bridger Esq"" Surveyor Generall of all his 
Majestys Woods in North America vnder Colour of his Com- 
mission, & preserving the Woods for his Majestys Service, 
had, by himself or his Deputy Strictly forbid all persons goin 
to the Woods within the Townships to Cut down trees for 
any Use until he had Caused the af ores'* Woods to be 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 395 

Surveyed & ( wliicli might have their Cost & Charge ) they 
obliged themselves to pay to him forty shilhngs for each 
team employed in that Service And that all such as would 
give into his terms sliould have free libertie to go uito those 
Woods as their Occasions required. I being then in that 
County & hearing Several of the Inhabitants of the Towns 
Complain that by reason of the insnaring demands & Extrav- 
agant Exactions of M'" Bridger & his deputy they should be 
wholly put by their Constant Winter Work being the best 
Season to procure Timber for the Supply of their Saw Mills 
the ensuing Summer, & being under fears & Apprehensions 
that some of the People rather than be forced to ly still all 
Winter to their greivous hindrance & damage would be 
prevailed vpon to purchase M'' Bridgers favour to make use 
of their own estates, which might prove a great snare to 
them & their posterity if once brought into practise: put me 
upon Reading & perusing his Majestys Commission to Mr 
Bridger 1 could not find that by any Clause or paragraph in 
his Commission or Instructions he was therein directed to 
prohibit or forbid the Inhabitants the Use & Improvement of 
the trees & Timber growing & being upon their properties, 
much less that the Crown had Invested him with Power to 
Sell the Kings trees & Timber & put the produce thereof 
into his own pocket ; I did tlierefore Inform tlie Inhabitants, 
that in my opinion the Reservation, made by His Majesty in 
the Royal Charter for the better providing & furnishing of 
Masts for his Royal Navy, wherein all trees of such diameter 
growing upon any spot or tract of Land iiot heretofore 
Granted to any Private Persons were Reserved for his Maj- 
estys Use & all Persons forbidd Cutting any sucli trees upon 
penalty of forfeiting one hundred pounds sterling to liis Maj- 
esty Could not in any LegJil Construction or Intendment 
effect the T-^ands of the Townships of that County inas- 
much as they had been for so long a time heretofore legally 



396 DOCUMENT AEY HISTORY 

granted to & quietly possessed by Private Persons who for 
valuable Considerations had bona fide bought & payd for the 
same : And did therefore declare to some that Provided they 
did not go beyond the bounds of the Townships, notwith- 
standing all Mr Bridger false Amercements they could not 
Incur the afores*^ penalty for Improving then' trees without 
his libertie and dissuaded them, by what Arguments I was 
capable of, from Suffering such a manifest Incroachment & 
mischevous violation to be made upon their estates & Prop- 
erties contrary to all Law and Justice: withall assuring 
them, if M'' Bridger should Continue to Interrupt them, I 
would acquaint the Assembly at their next Sessions what 111 
treatment they had suffered from him in this Affair In no 
wise doubting but that if they were capable to make out 
their Allegations against him the Government would take 
effectual care to Redress them. And accordingly at the Ses- 
sion of the General Court in February last, not being able to 
attend the Court in Person by reason of Bodily Indisposition, 
I looked upon myself under an Indispensible duty more 
especially considering the Station I then Sustained in the 
Government to Inform & make the same known, which I 
did by Writing a Letter to Mr Speaker Burrill praying him 
to communicate the same to the House, Relating the demands 
of Mr Bridger upon those People. And as in the afores*^ 
Information I had no private end or design of my own to 
serve but purely Intending the Publik good, so neither did I 
in the least intend in any Measure to affront or put any slight 
upon his Excellency the Governour & the Hon^*^ the Council 
in directing my Letter & Memorial to the House only, But 
taking it for granted that in England all Petitions or Matters 
of Grievance were directed to & layd before the house of 
Commons only & not to his Majesty & house of Lords in 
Conjunction with them, was what wholly guided and directed 
Me in that path : Regis ad Exemplum. Supposing that when 






OF THE STATE OF MAINE 397 

the Matters inserted should come to be disclosed before the 
Hon'' House of Representatives, upon either want of proof or 
their not being deemed hurtfull or greivous there would be 
a stop put to all further proceedings thereon, but if otherwise 
tliey would take such further steps as in their wisdom they 
sliould think best: And accorduigly the House after the 
Letter had been Read Ordered it to be sent up to the Hon'® 
Board Requesting his Excecy & Council to enquire into the 
greivance Mentioned therein & to do what is proper & Nee 
essary to Remedy it. At the same time Voted Me thanks for 
the Information I therein gave them, & appointed three of 
their Members to Acquaint me therewith, which they 
accordingly did but inasmuch as their vote for thanks is not 
entered in the Journal of that Sessions, Nor why omitted is 
not for Me to say. Some have almost questioned the truth of 
it. The Letter I sent to Mr Speaker Burrill was follows. Mr 
Speaker Burrill &c. Sometime in the month of March 
following M'' Sec^y Willard was ordered to write Mr Bridger 
who was then at Piscataqua & let him know what I had 
alleadged agamst him & the Resolve of the House thereon 
that he might have time & opportunity to make Answer 
thereto : which occasioned the following Letter from that 
Gentleman: 

Boston April 15 1718 S' 1 have tlic favour of a Letter 
by his Excellencys Command of the 27 of March from You, 
& Inclosed a Copy of a Letter from Mr Cooke to Mr Speaker, 
for which Justice I Return my due Acknowledgments to his 
Excelly & likewrse for his Caution to Me, but have not been 
Guilty of any Executions complained of makes me beleive 
the Complainant was wrong Informed for as I have always 
made it my Care & duty in the lirst place to Secure & protect 
his Majestys Interest to the best of my Power & diligence 
from being Cut or destroyed so on the other hand I have 
been as Careful & tender of the Subjects Right & propertie, 



398 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

nor did I ever Act or design any thing contrary to the 
Just privileges of the Inhabitants of that Provmce for those 
Townships are so Large that they never go out of their 
Townships to Cut logs as I know, nor did I ever Receive any 
Sum at all from any Person of that Province nor can any 
Person produce my Order for Receiving forty shillings or 
any other Sum Since my Arrival all which I presume will be 
a Satisfactory Answer to his Excelly to whom please to 
Communicate this with my duty is all from 

S"^ your humble Servant J Bridger 

To Mr Secy Willard. This Letter being Read at 

the Board it was observed that it was directed to No Person 
whereupon the Secry has chrected the Gentl therewith that 
it might be amended by him which he did and the Letter 
brought to the Board again. Had this Letter Contained just 
as much of truth as it doth artfull evasion & Misrepresenta- 
tion it might have been Satisfactory to all Mankind: And 
yet I can readily Agree with him that he hath been alike 
Carefull to secure his Majestys Interest from being Cut or 
destroyed as he hath tender of the Subjects Rights & proper- 
ties for it is very probable in his apprehension, Its no waste 
of the Kings Woods for him from time to time to sell & dis- 
pose thereof and to license such Persons as will gratifie him 
to go & Cutt trees there, for their own occasions, so on the 
other hand he dont think it any breach upon the Peoples 
Rights & properties to be debarred from making Use of that 
which they have long since bought & payd for, for why 
should they unless they can comply with such Easie & Rea- 
sonable terms as he so Generously offers them : If the Gent 
had well Read over and Considered my Letter he might have 
Answered much more direct had he thought it Convenient, 
What I Charge him with was that he was endeavouring such 
& such things which he Industriously passes over And 
again As to the time of Receiving Moneys he fixes that since 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 399 

his Arriviil & that only to take in the persons of that Prov- 
ince which seems to be a tacit Confession that it was his 
practise to Demand & Receive Money in this Manner hereto- 
fore, And if so, it was doubtless as pernicious in him then, 
as now. And after the Letter had been Read I then declared 
to his Excy & the Hon^ Council, that notwithstanding what 
Mr Bridger had Wrote I had the declarations of Sundry Per- 
sons of that County of good fame & Creditt to make Evident 
wliat ever I had Charged him with m my memorial who were 
all Willing & free to make Oath thereto when Required And 
prayd the favour that they might be severally Read over, 
which being Admitted of then left them with the Secry who 
Ordered to send them to Major Charles Frost of Kittery Esq'' 
that he might summons the Several Persons to Appear before 
the Honl Justices of the Superior Court at their Sessions at 
Kittery on the of May following to make Oath to 

their afores*^ declarations : who in obedience to the Summons 
Appeared and after having been Examined, were sworn 
Sam" Plaisteed of Barwick Esq'', Mr Bridger Deputy, being 
in Court at the same time & objected against their being 
Sworn. And the Several affidavits were Returned into the 
Secrys Office, Are these following. Some time after M*" 
Bridger Exhibits the following Memorial & a Copy of Archi- 
bald Maphedens oath thereto attested by himself to be a 
Copy together with a Paragraph of Maphedens Letter to 
him Certified after the same Manner. It must Necessarily 
be a surprizing story to hear of the wonderfull Care & pains 
& that for so long a Space of time Mr Surveyor hath been in 
the Constant practise of to preserve his Majestys Woods, 
wlien it is so notoriously known that contrary to the Gov^ 
ends & designs, for which he was Commissionated, forsaking 
his duty & altogether perverting the Listructions given him 
for his Management in that Concerne, has from time to time 
for the sake of Money given libertie to such a Number of 



400 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Persons to go into those very woods which he deems to 
belong to the Crown & there to Cutt down trees for loggs & 
other Uses : Who presuming upon the licence they had pur- 
chased of him & some at dear & Extravagant Rates too, 
have Improved that libertie & Cutt down many hundred of 
Pine trees & Converted them to their own Use. And this 
he esteems to be no Wast or Spoil made upon his Majestys 
Interest. 

It is now almost full Eighty years since the Crown Granted 
the Province of Maine now called the County of York to the 
first Pattente Gorge under whom the Inhabitants of those 
parts do now hold, Since which time diverse Controversies 
have Arisen Referring to the Title of those Lands which 
occasiond hearings to be had before the King & Councel, and 
pursuant to the Report of the Two Lord Chief Justices Sr 
Rich'^ Ransford & Sr Francis North to whom the matter was 
Referred for their opinion bearing date July 17, 1677 It 
was in favor of tlie Successors of the s"^ Gorge, So that had 
the Inhabitants of that Province no other Title than what 
they derive from Mr Usher which was several years before 
the vacatmg of the Charter, & continuing ever since in the 
uninterrupted quiet possession & Improvement of their Lands 
& properties & the same being fully & absolutely in & by the 
afores'^ Royal Charter Anno 1691 fully & absolutely Con- 
firmed to them their successors & assigns forever in such 
manner as they held & enjoyed them by Vertue of the afores*^ 
Grant of the Crown to the s'^ Gorge and the Purchase from 
his assigns must necessarily Create to them an absolute 
Estate of Inheritance in fee Simple forever ; Certainly then 
the Proprietors & owners of the Lauds within that Grant 
cannot be Supposed in any Measure to be abridged Restrained 
or hindered the Improvement of their Lands & Estates as 
they shall from time to time and at times think will be most 
for their advantage, but have to all Intents purposes & 



OF THE STATE OF INLAINE 401 

Constructions in the Law as good Right & Lawf ull Authority 
to Improve & dispose thereof as the Proprietors & owners of 
the Lands lying within the late Colony of the Massachusetts 
& New Plymouth now have or at any time ought to have 
had. Wherefore if at any time Attempts have been made upon 
the People there to forbid them in their Lawful! & necessary 
Improvement of the Wood & Timber growing & being upon 
Land within the Several Townships in that County, without 
which they would not be able to Subsist & pay their publick 
dues, and they in great danger of being seduced & made to 
beleive that if any of them shall be so hardy for the future 
to presume to Cutt & make Use of trees for Loggs or the 
like that they thereby will be trespassers & liable to severe 
penalties & forfeitures unless they will procure libertie with 
their money from one who under Colour of a Commission 
from his Majesty is contriving & endeavouring, by Indirect 
Means & false Insinuations to disturbe and greviously Molest 
the people in their Estates & properties, I think it no ways 
Injurious to his Majestys Interest for any one to do as much 
as in him lyes to detect & defeat such unjust practises & 
wholly prevent the same, And therefore being well advised, 
that some time Last Winter John Bridger Esqr Surveyor 
Generall of all his Majestys Woods on the Continent of 
America, under pretence of Preserving the woods for his 
Majestys Service had by liimself or Deputy threatned the 
Inhabitants in the County of Yorke, by declaring that who 
ever of them should go & Cutt any trees off of Land with the 
Townships before they had obtained his license so to do he 
would make them pay one hundred pound a tree by them 
Cutt down, But if they would pay to him or his Deputy 
fourty shillings a Teame for every Teame employed in that 
Service after he had Surveyed the Woods at their Cost & 
Charge he would upon those Terms Suffer them to logg in 
the woods afores'' : I being then in that County & hearing 

26 



402 DOCUMENTABY HISTORY 

many of the People often Complaining that by Reason of the 
afores'^ demands of the s*^ Bridger they were very much hin- 
dred in their Usual Winter business from loging in the woods 
that being the Chief time for procuring Timber for their Saw 
]V[ills for the coming Summer, And I some what fearing lest 
the people would some of them rather than be put off from 
their necessary busmess & livelyhood be prevailed vpon to 
purchase libertie to Improve their own estates from one who 
had no manner of pretence to grant the same. After having 
Read over & Considered the Kings Commission to Mr Bridger 
I was fully perswaded that he did not try to answer the 
good ends & designs of his Conunission but the Reverse I 
did then once & again Inform the Inhabitants that I could 
not think that the Reservation made by his Majesty in the 
Royal Charter for the better Providing & furnishing of Mast 
for his Royal Navy whereby all trees of such diameter grow- 
ing upon any Soil or tract of Land not heretofore granted to 
any Private Persons were Reserved for his Majestys Use and 
all Persons forbid Cutting any such trees upon penalty of 
forfeiting one hundred pounds to his Majesty could by any 
construction be thought to reach the Lands within the sev- 
eral Townships for as much as they had been for a long 
time heretofore granted to Private Persons. And that there- 
fore if they should give into Mr Bridgers Measures & come 
up to his Illegal demands they would extreamely hurt them- 
selves & suffer a very great Incroachment to be made upon 
their Estates contrary to Law & Justice: withall assuring 
them that if Mr Bridger shall persist in the affair I would 
acquaint the Assembly how they were treated by him, no 
ways questioning but that if they could make out their Alle- 
gations against him the Goverment would take effectual Care 
to Redress them. And Accordingly At the Sessions of the 
General Court in February last not being able to Attend the 
Court by Reason of Bodily Indisposition, I looked upon my 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 403 

Self undeniably & Indispensably bound more especially con- 
sidering the Station I then Sustained in the Goverment to 
make the Same known and did therefore Write a Letter to 
Mr Speaker Burrill praying him to communicate the Same 
to the House, wherein I briefly Informed of the Actions of 
Mr Bridger And Sure I am I did not any ways design to 
affront his Excelly the Governour or the Hono" the Council 
in not directing my Letter or Memorial to them as well as 
the House of Representatives, but taking it for granted that 
in England all Petitions or Mattei-s of greivance are directed 
to & laid before the House of Commons only & not to his 
Majesty & house of Lords in Conjunction with them was the 
only reason that Guided & directed me in that Path 
Regis ad exemplum ; Supposing that when the Matter should 
be disclosed before the Hono^^ House of Representatives, upon 
either wanting proof or being thought no ways prejudicial or 
greivous there would be an end of the Matter, but if other- 
wise they would take such further Steps as in their wisdom 
they should think best. And the House of Representatives 
Ordered the Letter to be Sent up to the Hono" Board 
Requesting his Excelly & Council to inquire into the Greiv- 
ance Mentioned therein & to do what is proper & Necessary 
to Remedy it. And at the same time Voted Me thanks for 
the Information I then gave them Respecting that affair & 
appointed three of their Members to acquaint Me thercAvith 
which they Accordingly did this latter vote not being in the 
printed Journal of that Session. Some have made doubt of 
the truth of it. Sometime in the INIontli of March following 
Mr. Secretary Willard was ordered by the Gov'' & Council to 
write Mr Bridger who was tlien at Piscataqua, an account of 
the Memorial & Resolve of the House thereon that he mijrht 
have time & opportunity to make Answer thereto; who 
accordingly on the 15 of the next month wrote a Letter to 
Mr Secretary which he desired might be Communicated to 



404 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

his Excellency wliicli was produced & Read at the Board 
whereui he denys the Matters Complained of & that as he 
always made it his Care & duty to Secure & protect his 
Majestys Interest So on the other hand he hath been as 
Caref uU & tender of the Subjects Rights & properties & that 
he had not since his Arrival Rec*^ any Money from any Per- 
son of that Province for libertie to logg, &c. And after his 
letter was Read I informed his Excelly & the Hon" Board 
that notwithstanding what Mr Bridger had wrote I had then 
the declarations of sundry persons of Good fame & Credit 
w'" that County to support & maintain all that I had Charged 
Mr Bridger with in my Memoriall who were all willing & 
ready to make oth thereto if Required and after they were 
severally Read M"" Secerty was Ordered to write to Major 
Charles Frost of Kittery Esqr to Summon the several persons 
to appear before the Superiour Court at their Sessions at 
Kittery in May following and make affidavit to their several 
declarations Who appeared & after being Examined by the 
Court were Sworn. And their affidavits Returned into the 
Secretarys Office. Sometime after this M'' Bridger Exhibits 
a Memorial against Me to his Exceey which I had not the 
least Knowledge of he Fyld it the last of May last past 
wherein he complains of my Audacious & bold declarations 
made in that Province in the Winter last as by Affidavit he 
says may Appear wherein I denyed the Power the Crown 
had Invested him with over all the Woods which he has 
preserved for Twenty years, & the libertie I took would 
soon destroy all the valuable Pines & render all the Care 
Charge & endeavour the Crown has been at forty years vain 
& fruitless And in as much as this was done by a Member of 
the Council & the time being neer wherein his Excey would 
have opportunity to Remove all Enemys to his Majesty from 
that board he was obliged to give notice thereof declaring 
to the Inhabitants that they might go & Cutt where & what 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 405 

loggs they pleased & I would bare them harmless. And to 
support his memorial Adds a Copy of Archibald Macphedris 
Oath thereto & signs a Copy Examined g J Bridger together 
with a paragraph of Cap^ Macphedris Letter to J B & Con- 
cludes Copy Examined g J Bridger The Gentl in tliis 
Memorial first declares that he lias for Twenty years past 
preserved the woods belonging to his Majesty. It seems 
strange that he should pretend to have preserved the Kings 
Woods when Contrary to his duty & Instructions has from 
time to time for the sake of money given libertie to so many 
persons to go & Cutt trees for loggs & other Uses in those 
very woods which he deems to belong to the Crown, who 
presuming upon the license they had purchased of him and 
that at an extravagant rate too, have gone into those woods 
& Cut down Many hundred of Pine trees & Converted them 
to their own Use, this he Accounts to be no wast or spoil 
made upon his Majestys Interest, & why because he has tho 
in a base & shamefull manner Raised Considerable Sums of 
Money for his own Support & Maintenance. But if any 
man that hath not bought it & his good will should within 
the Bounds of the Townships where the Proprietors or owners 
have undoubted Right to the woods & trees thereon standing 
& growing Cut down but a small tree for a Sloops Mast or 
the like nor suffering Ships to go from Piscataque to Spain 
& Portugal with Masts & other Naval Timber he shall have 
his tree seized & threatned & made to beleive that he has 
forfeited a hundred pounds & put to Considerable Charge for 
presuming to go into the woods till he had Surveyed them 
& given out his libertie. And as in the first part of his 
Memorial contrary to truth boasts of his own faithfullness & 
Service he hath done in his Past so in the same manner gos 
on to charge Me in a very Extraordinary Manner tho with as 
little Reason as he had to Applaud himself ; for I did at all 
times acquaint the Inhabitants of tliose parts that if tliey 



406 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Cutt down or Carried off any trees or Timber from Land out 
of their Townships they would not be able to defend them- 
selves in so doing but if sued would be found to be Tres- 
passers And have at sundry times told Coll Leighton the 
Sheriff of that County that I thought he would be well to 
prosecute all such as should Cut down any trees off of the 
unappropriated in order to freight ships as by the several 
affidavits will appear. The Gentleman in another part of his 
Memorial seems to be weary of Surveying the Kings woods, 
and marking such trees as he thinks fit for his Use, but 
thinks himself well qualified to pass his Judgment upon Men 
&j dictate to his Excey whom he thinks suitable to sit at the 
Council Board — Unparalleled Impudence. So that I have no 
great Reason to Wonder that he treats me with so little civ- 
ility or good Manners, Since he so Rudely Gives his Advice 
to his Execy in the Election of Councellours ; And in as 
much as I knew my self very grossly & falsely abused & 
misrepresented being Conscious to my Self that in all the 
proceedings I had not done any thing to Retarde or hinder 
M*" Bridger or any under him either in surveying or preserv- 
ing his Majestys Woods or doing any thing in the Execution 
of his office pursuant to his Commission & Instructions & 
have been no ways Injurious to his Interest in that Regard 
& ought not to be sayd by him to be an Enemy to his Maj- 
esty, to whom as I always have so hope ever shall bare true 
loyalty & firm allegiance. I was obliged to make my applica- 
tion to the General Court which I did by a Memorial pre- 
sented to them in their last May Sessions, bearing date June 
14. 1718 & vpon considering some days on the first of July 
after was Read at the Board & some time after sent down to the 
house where after hearing the Several papers Relating thereto 
appointed a Committee to Join with such as the Hon^ Board 
should nominate to be a Committee to whom that Memorial 
& the papers Relating thereto were Referred to sit if it might 



OF THE STATE OF MALNE 407 

be before the rising of the Court otherwise in the Recess to 
Receve any further Information & to Report what they thmk 
proper for the Court to do thereon which vote on the 1st of 
July was read & Concurred & a Committe of the Board 
joyned with the Committee of the House : And at the Last 
Sessions of the General Court made their Report on the 
above affair which. In his Letter he Asserts that he never 
Acted or designed any thing Contrary to the Just I'rivi- 
ledges of the People, & how vastly differing that is from the 
Orders & Instructions under his own hand & seal to his 
Deputy is very obvious: He gives Mr Plasteed a Commis- 
sion & Prays his great Care in the Preservation of all the 
Woods under his Inspection & orders him to mark all Trees 
that then were or in time to come should be fit for his Maj- 
estys Service & that all Persons that design to go into these 
woods must give in their names to him or his Deput}' or they 
should be Excluded the Woods and that y*^ woods y* he sur- 
veyed must be payd for by them they are Surveyed for, And 
lest any should Scruple his Authority, whether Ignorantly 
or to Terrify the Common People Assumes a Jurisdiction 
over all the Kings Justices & all other Civil Officers Requn- 
ing them to Aid & Assist his Deputy as they will Answer 
the Contrary, a Power that never any before him but the 
Governour of the Province did Essay to belong to them ; 
And where is the Place assigned for Mr Plaisteeds Care & 
Circumspection in his warrant dated 1709 he is confined to 
the woods up the Little River & Swamps Adjacent. In the 
other Warrant dated 1714 he appoints him Surveyor of all 
his Majestys woods in the District of Newichawannock ; 
both which places are witliin the Township of Barwick & 
yet by his Instructions all Persons are Strictly Injoyned not 
to go there and his Deputy Impowered to mark all trees that 
are or shall be fitt &c - Well then if these orders of his are 
Complycd with the Inhabitants of Barwick cannot Improve 



408 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Common Lands lying within their Township but they | 

will make themselves obnoxious & liable to his prosecution : 
And can all this be Consistent with the Inhabitants Right 
properties & priviledges: ? So that were there no other 
proof than what proceeds from him Self, it would be more 
than enough evidence to demonstrate all that hath been 
Imputed to him to be undeniably true. Mr Bridger having 
plunged him self into such difficult Circumstances & Justly 
fearing that should these Matters be set in a true light it 
would strike at his Commission & all the Interest that he or 
his friends could make for him, with men of Justice & Honour 
would be fruitless & vain : And unless some speedy way 
might be found out to put a full end further proceedings 
against him, he would be discarded, And Conceiving of no 
Readier way than to make a Representation as if what I had 
done with Relation to him had a Tendency to defeat all the 
good designs Care & Charge of the Crown which it had in the 
Article of Masting, not sparmg to say that I was an Enemy 
to his Majesty, vainly Conceiting that by this weak stratagem 
he should discourage & divert Me. It must needs be a very 
Strang & surprizing story to far the greatest part of the 
Inhabitants both of the Province of Maine & Newhampshire 
to hear that Mr Bridger for the space of Twenty years past 
hath been Carefull to preserve the Kings Woods, when for 
many years past it hath been so notoriously Known that con- 
trary to the Good ends & purposes, for which he was 
entrusted, not Regarding his duty but as perfidious & 
ungratefuU Servants Serve their Masters, for Lucre of Gain 
hath Licensed great Companys of Men to go & Cut & dis- 
pose of the trees growing upon Land without the Townships 
& yet all the woods thereon he deems to belong to the Crown, 
Who presuming upon their License procured at dear rates 
have Improved their Time & Cut down many hundreds of 
Good white Pine trees for Boards Rafts & other Uses, at 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 409 

other times Conniving & permitting Ships to load in the 
River of Piscataqua in the Government of Newhampshire 
with Masts & all Sorts of Naval Timber for Spain, which 
hath been Accustomed these late years past & M"" Bridger 
when he went last for England went a Passenger in Capt 
Archibald Macphedris Ship from Piscataqua to Cadiz & 
without Scruple had he been as willing to know if Ignorant 
what the Cargo then send on board or this last fall when he 
saild thence for Spain he might without much expence of 
time or Money had a full account thereof. How therefore 
he can shew forth that such management is not inconsistent 
with the Interest of the Crown at present is attended with 
some difficulty, for what Reason can he assign for Extorting 
Money by such base & vile tricks for his Releif. And not- 
withstanding the Consideration of Two hundred pounds g 
Annum the Poor People must be in Considerable Advance to 
have their Woods Surveyed contrary to the Stat. 3 Edw'} 1. 
Where it is Enacted that no Sheriff or other the Kings offi- 
cer take any Reward to do his office, but shall be paid out of 
that which they take of the King & he that so doth, shall 
yeild twice as much & shall be punished at the Kings 
pleasure. 

And whereas in the Province of Newhampshire a very few 
Gentlemen have wrote in favour of Mr Bridger & Recom- 
mended & set him up for one that hath with Care & Pains 
gone through his Work & duty, which in all likely hood 
( met with the same Recognition if no more ) Creditt & 
Esteeme rather than the other part of the Letter wherein they 
as ( unadvisedly ) Write of Malacontents & disaffected Per 
sons in this Government, tho if all of them were to come & 
make a strict search & scrutiny they would not be able to 
make up a quarter part of the number of the Recommenders. 
which one Individual would compleate. Having in tlie first 
place made proclamation of his faithfullness & Integrity & 



410 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

boasted of the great Service He hath done in his Post. He 
proceeds to Enumerate my transactions in the Province of 
Main with Respect to his Power & Commission & would 
render it a more heinous Crime in Me to say that He had 
not power to make Merchandize of the Kings Woods, tlian 
for him to make havock & destruction therein & Repeated 
Incroachments vpon the Rights of the People. The only 
Proof that hath been produced to make good the Allegations 
against Me is the Testimony of Archiballd Macphedris, who 
Relates what he heard Me say tho not in that Province as 
by his Affidavit is manifest & therefore were it true could 
not possibly be any manner of Evidence to Confirm his 
Memorial, And then for the Person complained of & in 
whose favour any Testimony is taken for that Person to 
Attest Copys of Such Affidavits is what hath never been 
heretofore done. I was so far from encouraging the Inhab- 
itants of those parts in the manner he Sets forth that I have 
as by the oaths of Several English Men, constantly declared 
that they had not the least pretence of right to go out of the 
Townships for Timber and if any should be found so doing 
& Informed against the Law would be against them & have 
urged & pressed Capt Leighton Sheriff of that County to 
prosecute those that for the future trespass upon the unap- 
propriated Lands, thereby to put a stop to such destructive 
practises : and in the close of his Information breaking thro 
all the Rules of Civility & good manners & putting on an 
unparalleled Impudence raises himself up to be of Advice to 
his Excy the Goven'^ in a Matter of Election to be transacted 
by the Great & General Court or Assembly : and has the 
Pride & Arrogancy to put his Excy in mind that the time 
will then come wherem he will have an opportunity if so a 
Negative voice, that he would not forego it. Adding that in 
the past he had fully Answered his Instructions & discharged 
his Duty. By this high flight of his those that are Strangers 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 411 

to the Constitution of this Government may be apt to con- 
clude that Mr Surveyor hath some other Commission that thus 
emboldens him. And forasmuch I was conscious to my Self 
that I never endeavoured to discourage Retarde or hinder 
Mr Bridger in the due Execution or his office, & therefore 
not Injurious to his Majestys Interest, or deserving by him 
or any one else to be said to be an Enemy to His Majesty : 
towards whom as I always have borne & intend ever to have & 
bare true & complete loyalty & firm allegiance, had I had a 
Copy of this Memorial before any procedure had thereupon it 
had been no more than Mr Bridger was once and again In- 
dulged. Had his Excellency been pleased to favour Me as Mr 
Bridger once & again was, so far as to have been possessed of 
a Copy of his Memorial before any proceedure had been, 
which I had as much Reason to Expect & would have been 
answered to & Comported with the Repeated & spontaneous 
Assurances of Receiving Such treatment if ever occasion 
should call for it. I trust it had been no hard task for Me to 
have demonstrated how that Gent, had Misrepresented things 
& without the least Shadow of truth or Colour of Justice by 
groundless imaginations taken upon him to deceive his Excy 
& Injuriously treat Me. forbidding the inhabitants to cut trees 
nor suffering ships to go from Piscataqua to Spain or Portu- 
gal with Masts & other Naval Timber which hath been fre- 
quently done these late years & I have been told Mr Bridger 
when he went last for England went a Passenger in Capt 
Macphedris from thence to Cadiz tho it doth not follow that 
therefore he knew what Cargo wiis on board no more than 
he might know what he was doing with this timber. 
How therefore he can make out that such Management as 
this is not Inconsistent with the Interest of Crown Appears to 
be somewhat difficult, for there can be no Reason assigned 
for his Raising such Considerable Sums of Money from the 
Inhabitants in so base & shamefull Ways for liis own Sup- 



412 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

port & Maintenance. Moreover as hath been before hinted 
If any of the Inhabitants that will not be prevailed upon & 
brought over to give him Money should even within the 
bounds of the Townships go upon the Common Lands where 
the Proprietors or ownners have an undoubted Right to the 
woods & trees thereon growing & standing & Cut down but 
smal trees fitt only for Sloops Masts or the like y^ shall be 
sure to have their trees seized & they threatned to be sued 
& liable to be Ruined unless they will Compound & make up 
the Matter with him, for presuming to go & Cutt in these 
Woods before he had Caused them to be Surveyed which he 
also Refused unless the persons that came for a Survey 
would be at the Costs & Charge thereof. & Notwithstanding 
his being allowed Two hundred pounds Sterling g annum for 
that service Contrary to the Stat. 3 : Ed : 1. Where it is 
Enacted that no Sheriff, nor other the Kings officer take any 
Reward to do his office, but shall be paid out of that which 
they take of the King & he that so doth shall yeild Twice as 
much, and shall be punished at the Kings pleasure. Where- 
fore I cannot but perswade my self had those very few 
Gentlemen in the Province of Newhampshire that have Rec- 
ommended Mr Bridger & set him up for a good officer & one 
that hath performed the trust Reposed in him, been more 
Cautious & Circumspect in that Affair it had been as well, 
notwithstanding the obligations & honors some of them may 
have heretofore Received from him. And as to the first part 
of his Memorial contrary to truth he boasts of his own faith- 
fullness & Integrity & tells of the great service he hath 
done in his Post, so in like manner he goes onto Charge 
Me in a very Extraordinary Manner tlio with as little truth 
or Reason as he had for Applauding himself and in truth 
would make it far More Cruninal for Me & give out that he 
had no power to sell & dispose of the Kings Woods & that 
the Inhabitants might follow their own business & Improve 






OF THE STATE OP MAINE 413 

their own Estates with asking of him leave, than for him to 
make such havock & destruction of his Masters Interest & 
Incroachments upon the Peoples liberties & properties. I 
was so far from encouraging any to do & behave themselves 
towards the Kings Interest: as he would Intimate that I 
have in the hearing of Many often Cautioned the Inhabitants 
there, told them their danger in Cutting down or Carrying 
off any trees or timber that grew upon Land out of their 
Townships & that they would not be justified or defended in 
so doing and that if they sliould be sued the Law would 
make them Trespassers : And have Urged & pressed Capt 
Leighton the Sheriff of that County to prosecute & Sue any 
that should Cut down trees off of the unappropriated Lands, 
thereby to put a stop to such dishonest & Illegal practises. 
And now in the Close of liis Information, to his Excey, 
breaking thro all tlie Rules of good manners & being 
bewitched with unparalelled Impudence assumes to him- 
self the Freedom of being of Advice to his Excey in a Mat- 
ter of Election to be transacted by the Great & General Court 
or Assembly, And has the vanity to think himself qualified 
to Survey & pass his Judgment upon Men & mark out 
Avhom he shall think not suitable to Sitt at the Council 
Board & haveing Carracterisd Me for such a persons there- 
fore hopes when the time comes his Execy will Remove me 
therefrom Adding witliall that he is obliged thus to do or he 
should not fully Answer this Instructions, And for as much 
as I certainly knew my self to be so grossly abused & falsely 
misrepresented and being conscious to my self that in all my 
proceedings in this affair I never Retarded & hindered Mr 
Bridger nor any under him either in Surveying or preserving 
his majestys woods or doing any thing in the due Execution 
of his office & therefore no ways Injurious to his Majestys 
Interest & not deserving by him or any one else, to be sayd 
to be an Enemy to his Majesty to whom as I allways have 



414 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

deserved trust so liope I ever shall bare true & unshaken 
Loyalty & firm Allegiance And had his Exccy the Governour 
been pleased to have favoured Me with a sight of the Memo- 
rial before it was proceeded upon, which would very well 
Comported with his own voluntarey Assurances so to treat 
Me if there should be Occasion, I doubt not but that I could 
have easily demonstrated to his Satisfaction how that Gent, 
had misrepresented things & without the least Colour of 
truth & Justice by groundless imaginations taken upon him 
to deceive his Exccy & Injuriously treat Me : which I was 
altogether Incapacitated to do not having a siglit thereof til 
Saturday the Last of May last past; Was then obliged to 
, make Application to the General Court by a Memorial in the 
Words following ~ ~ _ 

And on the first of July sent down to the House of Repre- 
sentatives who after having heard the same & the several 
papers and affidavits Relating thereto passed the following 
Vote 

In the House of Representatives. July 1, 1718. 
Ordered that J A R Q 
In ("ouncil July Read & Concurred & C. G. 

And at the last Sessions of the General Court the afores** 
Committee Reported &c — — 

A Copie of An Act humbly Proposed to be pass'd forth- 
with : for the better preservation of his Majesties Woods & 
Intrest in America/ 
Be it Enacted by the Kings most Excelency &c^ 

That from and after the 24"' day of Dec'' next to 
Come 1718 no person nor persons within the said Colonies 
of Nova Scotia, Province of Main New Hampshire the Mas- 
sachusetts Bay &c^ as the Act runs In America or any of 
them do or shall presume to cut, fell, or Destroy any white 
Pine Tree or Trees on the pennalty or forfeiture of one 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 415 

hud? pound sterl for Ever tree so cutt fell'd or Destroy'd or 
shall presume to cutt fell or Destroy any Pitch, Pine, tree or 
Trees on the pennalty or forfeiture of five pounds Ster' for 
each Tree or Trees so cut felld or Destroyed or any White 
Oak Tree or trees whatever. Not being within any fence or 
actual Inclosure and not by any Line run by Compass or 
marked tree or Trees On proof thereof to be made by one or 
more Credible Witnesses &c^ but for the Easie recovery of 
any of the above said forfeitures ; to be Levied on the Boody 
goods or Estate of the Ofender, or Ofenders, at the liberty of 
the person sueing for the same ~ 

This humbly submited to Your Lordships But 
w*? submition there is a Necessity for some 
thing to be done as soon as possible for his 
Majesties Intrest if Yo! Lordships disaprove 
of this draught - 

The Deposition and decleration of Sam" Plaisted of full age 
who Testifieth and says that some time In January last past, 
he heard M^ Elisha Cooke of Boston say, at Cap* Arch*^ 
Macpheadris's house at Portsmouth in New Hampshire, That 
neither the King nor M^ Bridger his Officer had anything to do 
in the County of Yorke formerly the Province of Main, m 
surveying the mast trees, and that I should be a Blockhead 
to hold the Deputy Ship he had Invested me withy 

Sam" Plaisted 

The above named Plaisted appearing before me the sub- 
scriber one of his Majesties Justice of the Peace swore to 
the Truth and verity of the above Written Declaration./ 

Portsm" June 12"' 1Y18. Tho : Packer 

Some time in the month of January or December 1717 
Elisha Cook Esq^ in my hearing said that he understood the 
Inhabitants of the Province of Maine were hindred by M^ 
Bridger as to their Cutting of Loggs, saying that Bridger 



416 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Demanded Money. But says Elisha Cook I am now goeing 
into that Province to let the Inhabitants know that they may 
goe on with their Logging for I know no Power that M^ 
Bridger has in that Province to hinder any person to cutt 
Loggs where they please and that if Bridger gave them any 
molestation, he would bare them harmless. 
Province of "I Archibald Macpheadris personally 

New Hampshire i appeared before me the subscriber 

and made oath to withm 

Tho? Packer Jus! Peace 
Portsm" May 16, 1718. 
True Copie Examined by the 
Original p 

J Bridger July 14*^^ 1718. 



Whereas Elisha Cooke Esq^ has falcely accused me 
In a leter & memorial to the Govern Council & Assembly. 

That John Bridger having Reec* a Commission from his 
Majestic for Surveying the wood, In North America under 
Colour of putting the same In Execution, In Strenuously 
endeavouring and Contriving by wrong Insinuations and 
Threats to compel the Inhabitants of these And the Neigh- 
boring Towns In the County of Yorke formerly the province 
of Main. 

to Contribute and pay me forty shilings a Team for each 
Team they send into the woods to logg and get Timber, & 
that I Exact this Sum from them, for my Allowance or 
Lycensing them to worke upon land within the grant of the 
Townships. 

I John Bridger SurveyF Generall &c voluntary make oath. 
That I have not demanded from the above named Inhabitants 
either by my self or deputy any such Sum or Sum's ; nor 






OF THE STATE OF MALNE 417 

Exacted or Received any Sum whatever from those Inhab- 
itants- nor from any other person whatever. 

I offered to take the oath above written before the 
Governor and Council but was reffused which I 
humbly may be Laid before their Lordships 
I am Avith due regard 

S^ Your most humble 

& obedient Sei'v^ 
To William Popple Esq^ J Bridger. 



Boston July 14"' 1718. 
R* Hon^i« 

In this leter your Lordships will have an account 
of my proceedings last winter and too this time. In Nov'' 
last by virtue of his Majestyes Royal lycense to me directed. 
I gave Warrants for the Cutting of 478 mast Trees in his 
Majesties Woods. Contracted for with the Navy Board by 
M^ Taylor to be delivered into his Maj"* respective yards 
according to Contract this Summer 

My Instructions from the Lords of the Admiralty for- 
bids all persons his Majesties woods with out leave, the 
Inhabitants of all the towns next his Maj^* woods being 
Acostomed to go & cut such trees as were not fitt for the 
Royall Navy, the Woods being first Survey'd and the trees 
marked that were to be reserved, to put these Instructions in 
pratice gave me very much trouble ; and the people dissatis- 
faction, however by care, and Application, Diligence, and a 
Deep Snow falling in November the wood has been preserved 
better than in some years past which gave me great satisfac- 
tion. 

27 



418 DOCUMENT ARY HISTORY 

But 111 minded persons factions, Malicious, and Dis- 
Loyal and vile in Practise are never Easie and who to Carrie 
on their designes stick at nothing all which will appear in the 
Actions of one Elisha Cooke Esq^ one of the Council of this 
Province, who In a leter to the Spaker of the House of Rep- 
resentatives, unjustly fales on me, and office : Asserts vindi- 
dates, and maintaines, that his Majestic Nor Officers has 
anything to doe with the Woods in the Province of Mam as 
by a true Copie Inclosed your Lordships may see and pray 
to reffer thereto 

This was done in Feburary while I was at my Duty 
at Portsm° in New Hampshire I knew nothing of It, till the 
Governer Inclosed me a Copie of his leter to the Spaker of 
the House of Representatives in Apprill which leter I 
answered to the Govf by way of Memorial ( w*'^ Is likewise 
inclosed) upon which the Governour at the next Election of 
Councilors was pleased to put a Negative on a^ Cooke. 

Since which he has delivered a nother representation 
to the Gov^ and Council & Assembly to w*'.'^ I answred by 
memorial to the Governour But the Majority are for him 
and his Rebelious Assertions, saying that they bought the 
Province of Main for 1250^ 80 miles long as by Cooks 
Memorial will appear which was out of the power of the then 
Charter to purchas, much less had they a power to Annex it 
to a Charter Goverm^ if so ; they may now purchass Roade 
Island Conneticutt &c^ and add it to this Charter, and Entierly 
thr6 of his Majesties Power and prorogative from this Conti- 
nent, the people of this Province pleading they have a Char- 
ter; When the Dispute of his Majesties Just rights and 
Prerogative of the Woods was debating in the lower house. 
I gave one of the Members two Acts of Parliament Pass'd in 
the 4 & 11 years of the late Queen for the preservation of 
his majesties woods here in America, he was very smartly 
answred that Acts of Parliament were of No force with them 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 419 

they had a Charter with great submition I am of Oppinion 
that the Grant of the Province of Main may be reassumed 
and Annexed to his Majesties Province of New-hampshire, 
with much more reason than the Grants of lerland were, w*^ 
out any regard to the possesors ) if it sliould ]:>e thought 
proper to repay the Purchase Sum : there is none can in Jus- 
tice be against it, for the present Inhabitants should be so 
still, only paying An Annual Acknowledgment to his Maj- 
esty of sume small value as a otter, or minks skin, from each 
proprietor ; the land to be Subject to the people and Heirs 
as before so many miles 41(?) there grants were; Hereby 
no person would sufer a Mite in their Estates, but the King 
and Crown as before Lords & Masters of Goverm* and Woods 
&c^ the Province of Main is better furnished w*? Mast Trees 
both for Number & Large Sizes more than all besides : there 
are now Cut this last Winter |- of what was cut of the 478 
trees: there are severall New Towns Laid out In the s* 
province Since 4 years past, all and every Proprietor that 
have Conveniency for a Saw Mill is Building one, and Noth- 
ing but a Resumption of that Grant will, I fear do to pre- 
serve the woods. An Act of Parliament as severe as that 
for the preservation of Pitch Pine Trees or Tar trees that 
very Act would w*^!* Amendments do. but i pray leave to 
Inclose a Copie for a I)ill to be passed forthwith w*? such 
Amendm*^ as your Lordsliips shall think Convenient, or all 
the large pines will be Destroy'd, unless I go where M^ Cooke 
pleased to Direct ; that is beyond & above all Grants without 
Inhabitants those parts that Gen" says may be the Kings ; 
tliere be large Trees. 

I allways Deemed the Woods without the Township 
to be his Majesties : the General Court says he, that is his 
Majestic has none, and that it is In their power to Grant all 
land & woods with out the Townships or give tlieni away as 
they please. And can lay out or give away another rainge 



420 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

of Towns above the present Towns if so, the King cannott 
have a mast Tree without purchasing it of these Proprietors. 
Thus the Case stands at present, and what farther may be 
done by the people in this Country Prejudicial to his Maj- 
esties Intrest I cannot yet Informe. There being a Commit- 
tee appointed of the uper, and of the Lower house, to sitt as 
Judges of his Majesties Title to the Woods in the Countiy, 
which with other particulars remaine undetermined till next 
Session In October, and I hope to give your Lordships full 
satisfaction of the Care I have taken to defend his Majesties 
Intrest, as may appear by the Inclosed and by which your 
Lordships may see Cook's Disloyal and base Pretences ; and 
malitious and falcely Accusing me with 50^ reed from one 
Mico Eleven years since w*^? I answred to your Lordships 
before the renewall of my Commission and at the time when 
1 was first charged w^? it. Equaly frivolious is his mention- 
ing 10^ w^** was received by me to let a prosecution fall ; to 
prove this Cooke brmgs his affifavitts from some persons, 
wlio swore I proceuted them in this very action ; and at the 
time tliey sware this against me, I was not In this Country ; 
as by Oaths I have from the Master & Officers of the Ship I 
went hence in will appear and Designe to proceute them 
as Guilty of Perjury. but I would not trouble your 
Lordships w*? Inclosing this and many other affidavitts, as 
Insignificant. 

Such libie Treatment I have allways meett with from 
those people, In two causes perticularly, wherein I Recovered 
Judgm* & Execution in an action against Elisha Davis, who 
after the fact committed made over his Estate by a fradulent 
conveyance, and thereby Evaded the Act of Parliament 
w*'.^ lay'd the pennalty of one hundred pounds Ster^ for Every 
Tree so cut fell'd or destroy'd, after I had Expended on this 
Action more than fifty pounds and so It Remains with out 
remidie to this Day. 



OF THE STATE OP MAESTE 421 

the other Instance is one of John Sincler that I 
obtained Execution against, & his Estate Delivered to me by 
the Shrife and by the s*? Sherifes neglect of making a Due 
return I have lost the Sale, and am out of near 30' ever 
since ; both those Causes being the Kings I have lost and no 
remidie or reliefe can I find to this day. 

I could heartiely wish some care might be taken for 
Maintaining his Majesties Rights, and Title, and the support- 
ing liis Officers in this Country In their Duty, for all belong- 
ing to the Crown are so obnoxious to these people in Generall, 
that it is very dangerous for to travaile a lone this is by my 
own Experience true ; as well as the Officers of the Customs 
can testifie who has been Molested in the Execution of their 
duty ; In all the Charter Goverments, some of them being 
forced home this last year for redress ; which I presume is 
not unknown to your Lordp! 

and Whereas s^ Cooke Charges me w*-? recevng and 
Demmanding Exacting & Threatning the Inhabitants of tlie 
Province of Main to make them pay me forty shilling^ a 
Team for every Team of the Inhabitants that cut Trees for 
Loggs within the Town grant, or grant of their To\viiships 
of the County of Yorke &c^ in the Province of Main which 
Insinuation is malitious falce and Groundless, as May appear 
by the Copie of my affidavitt made before the Govern & 
Council Inclosed. 

A Specimen of the General Assembly's Loyalty will 
appear by their thanks they gave s^ Cooke for his Seditious 
Lybel and Information wherein he Denies and Defies all 
Intrest of his Majestic here; and I pray leave to let yo^ 
LordR^ know that the Copies of some Officers leters hence to 
some board at home, relating to his Majesties Intrest, has 
been sent over hither, to their great huil, and damage to his 
Majesties Intrest. 



422 DOCTJMBNTARY HISTORY 

The care tliat has been taken to preserve his Majesties 
Woods by Good & wliolesome Laws as Cook says In his 
Memorial will not appear when there was a Necessity for 
making such yonr I^ordships may please to Observe, that in 
the time of My Absence and some time before these Great 
and Generall Assemblys has laid out Eight New Towns, and 
no reserve made according to the Charter which reservation 
ought to have been the Obligatory part in every Town Grant 
so lay'd out, the neglect of w^.'^ not only a breach in the 
Charter, but Destroys all the Woods within those townships 
beyond redress, besides when ever there is Occasion to But 
name this is for his Majesties Intrest or tis against the Pro- 
rogative of the Crown, the Answer is, these are the priviliges 
of the Cliarter so that the Charter is allways pleaded and the 
reservation for his Majesties Navy is Rule'd, If this Magogg 
or IdoU of these people were lost, No one person would 
Suffer a penny Damage in there Estates : and his Majesties 
Intrest secured, & Officers protected, and keept from the 
Inssults of the people. 
My Lords./ 

If in any thmg in this Letter I have not 
keept strictly to a Just Distance to your Honours or have 
said any thing Displeasing to your Lord^® I heartily begg 
your Lordships Pardons, and beg that you would Impute It 
to my Zeal for his Majesties Intrest, for should I be Silent, 
and See his Majesties Intrest abused & trampled on by Every 
one, I should think my Self unworthy of your Lordships 
favour or his Majesties Service I am with all Possible Deifer- 
ence and Regard. 

Right Honourable 
Your Honours 

Most Obedient & Most faithfull & 
Most humble Servant 
J Bridger: 



OF THE STATE OF MATNE 423 

P: S: 

There is affidavitt where in I am 
Charged with recevng 20' & 5' for 
leting some people get logg and that 
in land up Merrimack River, and is In 
propriete w*? some other Persons and 
My self J Bridger 

Lord Com" of Trade. ~ 

End : ) Massaehusets Bay 

Ll from ilf!" Bridger to the Boards 
Bated July 14-*-'' 1718^ Complaming of 
7/^ Bisohedienee of the People to the 
Acts for preserving the Woods, cj- 
Justyfying himself from some 
InformMions against him hy Elisha 

Cooke and others 

[ Followed hy Abstract ] 



Advice of Committee to regulate Settlements, ^c. 

We the Subscribers having been Appointed a Committee 
to Regulate y® Settle m*s of y" Eastern Frontiers by a Vote of 
y'^ Gen" Assembly in y^ year 1715 & upon a petition of y"" 
Proprietors & Setlers of y'' Town of Falm''* m y« Years 1717 
& 1718, haveing been directed to visit them in order to y*' 
regular settlem* of s'^ Town we offer our advice to them as 
followeth viz*. 

That you be very carefull in laying out of your Streets «& 
High Wayes, «& placeing your Houses in a Regular, Compact 
& Defensible manner w"' due regard to a Commodious Pas- 
sage by y*' Water Side y' None may be debarrd of y'^ Privi- 



424 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ledge of Landing ; And so as not to intrench upon Any of y"" 
Rights of y^ Antient Proprietors. 

We are also of Opinion y* y'^ Riseing ground upon y® great 
Street formerly known by y** Name of Kings Street ( w''^' we 
have taken a view of ) is the most Commodious Spot for your 
Meeting House, being as we judge nearest y^ Center of the 
Town, & would therefore advise to y® Building of it in y' 
place : — 
Dated at Falm^^ July 18: 1718 

Jolm Wheelwi-ight 

Abra™ Preble 

John Leighton 

Lewis Bane 

Joseph Hill 



Ooj)^ of a Letter from M^. Bridger Surveyor of the Woods in 
North America Dated from Portsmouth 
26 Aug* 1718. 

I have since my last to your Lordships discover'd some 
Persons, who have made it a Practice to destroy a great 
Number of Mast Trees in his Maj'^^r Woods, by cutting 
them down, and sawing them into Plank, Joice, Boards 
&c* this Trade was told me by an acquaintance in that 
countrey more than 150 Miles hence, upon a Promise of 
Reward in money which I have comply'd with and have their 
names, designing to Prosecute them forthwith. 

Upon viewing the Eastern Parts and Woods I have dis- 
cover'd a large Swamp of 10 miles long and 4 broad, full of 
WhitePine Trees of the first Sort, in which there has not 
been a Mast Tree cut, as I am inform'd by some of the old 
People that lived in these Parts before the Indians cut them 
oi¥ ; near thirty years. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 425 

This Tract or Swamp of Pine lyes very commodious near 
a Navigable River, not above 6 or 7 miles land Carriage, 
whence these Mast Trees may be Shipt for Great Britain ; 
These parts being now Settling, and the People building 
Saw Mills on every River and Brook almost whicli will soon 
destroy those Fine Trees and all others, unless an immediate 
care be taken, by an Act of Parliament, or some other Method 
as your Lordships shall think most proper for the preserva- 
tion of the Whole, which are now threatned on every Side 
as well as the Officer, who must use his greatest care and 
diligence more than ordinary for the future, the People being 
perswaded that his Maj*.y htus no right to the Woods in this 
Countrey by Elisha Cook, and on that Opinion they will act 
next Winter they say. 

This in all Humility, as well as Duty, I lay before 
your Lordships, and although, I have known all this Coun- 
trey for 500 Miles together, and have been employ'd here 22 
years, I find it very difficult singly to protect even the least 
part of his Maj*^?'^ Woods from the Common Waste made 
therein by the respective Lihabitants next the Frontiers, all 
which is most humbly submitted to your Lordships &c* 

8 8"^' 1718 
Send this to Com*"? of Trade desiring 
them to give my Lords y*^ best informacons they 
can concerning these Trees & his Mat* right 
thereunto ~ 



Und : ) New England 

Plan^. General 
LrefromM': Lowndes of y^ OH' OctoZ 17 18, with the Copy 
of a Letter from Jfr Bridger Surveyor of «/" Woods in 
America relating to his Ma*y^ Right to y^ Woods cj- y^ 



426 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Waste committed there, for the Opinion of the Board 
thereon / 

To William Popple Esq^ Secretary to the Right Hono''^^ 
the Lords Com" for Trade and plantacons / 



Captain Cyprian Southack to M'^. Popple, inclosing 
various papers 

(I) 
Memorial 

To S^ Ovide De Brovillian Governour of Island 
Breton in North America Concerning Antient 
Boundaries of Nova Scotia or Accadie September 
the ll^'^ 1718. 

The whole Countrey of Nova Scotia as farr Eastward as 
Cape S* Lawrence was Seized for the Crown of Great Brit- 
tain about the Close of the Fifteenth Century by Sr Sabas- 
tian Cabott Grand Pilot to Henry the Seventh King of Great 
Brittain and by him sent to find out such parts of North 
America, King James the first therefore knowing his Title 
to be good did in Year 1621 make a Grant of this Countrey 
to S^ William Alexander afterwards Earl of Sterling, who 
Settled a Colony there by the Name of Nova Scotia. Upon 
the Marriage of King Charles the first with the Lady Hene- 
ritta Maria it was by Order of the King given up to the 
French in Year 1627 and Year 1628 we gott it againe and 
was given to S^ David Kirk, who was both Proprietor & 
Govern^ of the North side River called Cannada and South 
side called Accadie it fell againe into the hands of S^ William 
Alexander in Year 1632 it was given away againe to the 
ffrench Kmg who Obliged himself to pay in Leiu of the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 427 

Forts Five Thousand pounds to S! David Kirk which he 
never did, Cromwell weighing the premisses sent Colonel 
Sedgwick in Year 1654 & retook it, and when he made peace 
with ffrance the following Year, tho' their Ambassador made 
Pressing Instances for the Restitution of it Yet he would not 
part with it Insisting that it was the Ancient Inheritance of 
the Crown of England, and of right belong to it Whereupon 
Monsieur S^ Estinne Son and heir to Monsieur De La Tour, 
a French Refugee, who bouglit Nova Scotia of the Earl of 
Sterling came over into England and making out liis Title 
had it Delivered to him and then Sold it S^ Thomas Temple 
who was Governour of it till the Restoration, soon after King 
Charles delivered it againe to the french and Canada with it, 
in Year 1710. Colonel Nicholson recovered Nova Scotia 
againe and the Treaty of peace and Friend ship between 
Queen of Great Brittain and the Most Christian King Lewis 
the 14 Concluded at Utrecht 31 of March and the 11*? day 
April 1713, in the 12^ Article of peace the Most Christian 
King to Deliver to the Queen of Great Brittain all Nova 
Scotia or Accadie with its Ancient boundaries which Ancient 
Boundaries of Nova Scotia or Accadie was to Cape S^ Law- 
rence Eastward on Island Breton, and Cape Roziers Northr 
ward to the Great River S^ Lawrence as may be seen by 
Monsieur Subercase Passport to the English and that the 
Subjects of the most Christian King shall hereafter be 
Excluded from all kind of Fishing in the said Seas, bays and 
other places on the Coast of Nova Scotia That is to say on 
those which lye Towards the East within Thirty Leagues 
beginning from the Island Commonly called Sable Inclusively 
and thence Stretching along Towards the South West It 
has not been Mentioned in the Thirteenth Article of peace 
that the Island called Cape Breton as also all others both in 
the Mouth of the River S^ Lawrence and in the Gulph of 
the same Name shall hereafter belong of right to the French, 



428 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and the most Christian King shall have all manner of Liberty 
to Fortifye any place or places there and no other It must 
of Course have been the Queen of Great Brittain as being 
within Ancient Boundaries of Nova Scotia which showes that 
the French have Nothing to do with any part of the Conti- 
nent nor Islands from Cape Canso to Cape Roziers afore 
Mentioned 

Cyprian Southack 

General Nicholson being Obliged by the Second Arti- 
cle of the Capitulation to Transport the Garrison to 
France he appointed Majors Richard W. Cullins & 
Captain Charles Brown to go with the said Transports, 
by which article Monsieur Subercase was obliged to 
procure passes for the said Gentlemen Upon their 
Arrival in France to go for Great Brittain and for 
the Vessells to return which Obligation here follows 

We Daniel Auger of Subercase Kn! of the Military 
Order of S^ Lewis Governour of Le Accadie of Cape Breton 
Islands and Lands adjacent from the Cape Roziers of the 
Great River S! Lawrence as far as the last part of Kenne- 
beck River, do promise to procure Passports for the Majors 
Richard Mullins and Captain Charles Brown for their return 
home to Great Brittain Either by Sea or Land, as soon as we 
shall be Safe arrived together either at Rochel or Rochfort 
where General Nicholson Commander in Chief of Her Maj- 
esty's Troops of Great Brittain at present in New England, 
has Appointed them to go Conformable to tlie Capitulation 
Agreed on by him and, us on the Surrendring him up the 
Fort of Port Royal in Le Accadie Dated in the place, this 23 
Day of October N. S. 1710 and Sealed with our Seal of 
Arm's and Countersigned by our Secretary 

By my Lord Subercase 

Fontainne 



OF THE STATE OF MAI2SrE 429 

Memor^^ 

of what Fish the french have Catched and |)art 

dryed in the boundaries of Nova Scotia Viz* 

in Year 1715 Ten Thousand Quintells or thereab*? 

in Year 1716 Fifteen Thousand Ditto 

in Year 1717 Twenty Thousand D° 

in Year 1718 Twenty ffive Thousand D" 

The Boundaries of Nova Scotia is from S* Georges 

River to the Eastward of Island Sable Thirty Leagues being 

One hundred and ffifty Leagues and from Cape Canso to 

Cape Roziers Northward Sixty Leagues ~ 

Letter from J. Wentworth to Gov. Shute, Sept. 22, 1718. 

Portsm" Sep*^ 22, 1718 

May it Please 

Your Excellency 

Inclosed is Express from Cap* Moody by 

wliich your Excellency will See that the Indians are Very 

Insolent and therse no doubt but they intended Mischif but 

for tills Winter I am of Cap*^ Moodys opinion that they will 

not make war this Winter but the next Summer who ever 

lives to See it, we may Expect a war except your Excellency 

prevent em by Sending A party into the Eastern (Country 

which must be the only way to Keep them our ffriends, and 

allso cover our New Settlem*^ 

I wrote mT Boj^dle p last Post 

and advised him of Our Adjournm* to the Second of Octob' 

I am extreemly well pleased that Your Excellency had 

Soe Pleasant a Journey to Rhode Island. 

I take leave to Subscribe my 
Self 

Your Excellencys 

Most Obed* Humb" Servt 

J : Wentworth 



430 DOCTJMENTABY HISTORY 

Sir/ 

/ The Lords Comm'"^ of his Ma** Treasury desire that 
the inclosed being a Copy of a Letter from M^ Bridger the 
Surveyor of the woods in North America may be layd before 
the Lords Comm'^* for Trade and phxntacon's and as it 
appeares thereby that the woods there are not only in danger 
of being destroyed, but that his Mat? Title is brought in 
Question with relaco'n to some woods discovered by the said 
Bridger My Lords desire they will please to consider the 
same and give their Lordp's the best Informaco'n they can 
concerning the said Woods and his Ma*? right thereunto with 
their Opinion what is fit to be done therein I am 
Sir 

Your most humble Ser^ ant 
Treasury Chambers 

9'!^ October 1718. W Lowndes 

Mr. Popple 



Boston January the 28"' 1Y19/20 
Most Worthy Sir 

I humbly pray you would Speake to the Lords of 
Trade in my behalf that I may be one of the Commissioners 
to Settle the Boundaries between french and English in these 
parts, being Acquainted with all these Countreys, and to 
Speake to the Several papers sent to your Honour as it lay's 
in your Power. 

The 8*b j;i^ of February 1719/20 his Excellency and 
Council Sent me Two Queries which came from your board, 
for me to Answere Concerning the French plantations in our 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 431 

Neighbourhood which was Answered with the best Account 
I could give. 

Your Honours Most 
Obed^ Serv* 

Cyprian Southack 

To the Honbi« 

William Popple Esq"" 

Querie I What is the Condition of the French Settleni*? at 
Cannada and Cape Breton, and how tliey may Affect 
any of his Majesty's Plantations and what can be done 
to prevent any hazard or Inconvenience from those 
Settlem^^ 

Querie II We further Desire that you would Send us 
the best Account you possible can gett Concerning 
the French plantations in your Neighbourhood, what 
is the Number of the Inhabitants and of the Militia 
or what other Military force is in Each of these plan- 
tations, What are the Several Commodities produced 
in them and how much is the Annual Produce One 
Year with Another of such Comodities What Trade 
is Carried on to and from these Plantations, wliat 
form of Government is Establish'd in them and what 
Methods are used to Encourage and Improve the 
products and tlie Trade thereof 

E:) New England 

LeW. from Cap*l^ Cyprian Southack {to 

31^ Popple) dated the 28^^ January at 
Reel' April 14^'} ) Boston 1719-20 relating to the Bound- 

Read July 5H'' 1722 S aries between the French and English in 

those parts, together with several Papers 

upon that Subject. 



432 DOCUMENT AEY HISTORY 

Portsin° October 22? 1718. 

Sir 

- But soon after comes the Squirrell Man of War 
from Boston to break up & destroy ( I may say rather the 
English than ) the French Fishery at Canso, which ( after he 
had been to Cape Britton ) on the 18*^ Sept^ last he began 
like fury to do ; my Vessell then happened to be at Sea : 
caused me to be but under poor circumstances to secure & 
get away what little Fish & other Effects I had : the dis- 
turbance grew so great in 2 or 3 days, that I fear'd to lodge 
in my house, but left it for severall nights with all in it to 
the generosity of the ( then ) theivish French & Indians, at 
last on a Sabbath day I sold & was forced to weigh of my 
dry Fish, & 2 or 3 days after got Freight to Cape Ann for 
my Green Fish, & had got most of my things out of my 
house 

The 26*'* Sept^ the Fleet sail'd for Boston together 
with a Brig* & Sloop, two Prizes taken from the French, the 
former had a thousand Quintalls of Fish; the French Admi- 
ral had his Ship given again but all his Fish & Wine & 
Brandy ; about 4000 quintalls in all & considerable Wine & 
Brandy all Lassoons, & he carried to Boston a Prisoner &c 
Hall, Robinson & I tarry'd with six Vessells 7 days after the 
Fleet, We are all bent ( with three times the Number before ) 
upon going another year, hourly expecting Coll" Phillips with 
Forces to Garrison there. Advise me p first how this action 
is approved of at home, & whether any care is like to be 
taken for its Strength & Settlement, - - The French would 
have had forty sail there next year, was it not for this Rout. 

Nathaniel Shannon 

End : ) Extract of a Letter from Nathaniel 

Shannon to MX George Vaun Dated 
Octob: 22'1 1718. 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 433 

Extract of a Letter from Capt° Smart of his 
Maj*y* Ship the Squirrel to M^ Secry Bur- 
chett 2 2d Ocf: 1718. 
This is to acquaint you, for Information of the Right Hon''''' 
the Lords Commiss" of the AdmP^ that I carried here from 
Canso on the 5^^ of October last past, and brought with me 
Two French Vessels which I seized at that place for Fishing 
and Trading there contrary to the 5"^" and 6^^ Articles of the 
Treaty of peace and Neutrality in America Viz*^ 

A Brigantine called the Catherine & a Sloop called the 
Abigail alias La trois Amis, both which have been condemn'd 
in the Court of Admiralty, as lawfuU Prizes or Seizures and 
confiscated with their Lading to his Majesty, and I, as Cap- 
tor, being allowed to dispose thereof after Apprizement, and 
my enacting my self according to the said Decree, have 
accordingly taken possession of them not withstanding which 
his Excellency Governor Sliute hath arbitrarily endeavourd 
to take them from me having after the Judges Decree and 
the aforesaid Enactment sent the Marshall of the Vice 
Adml*y on board by Virtue of a Warrant under his Own 
hand and Seal, which I repeal'd to take them out of my Pos- 
session under pretence my Security is not sufficient and that 
the Country must be Answerable and by that means to get a 
Grant of it from his Majesty under pretexte that what Ser- 
vice I have done has been by his and the Counsells Orders. 
Snd : ) New England 

Extract of a Letter from Cap : Smart relating 
to his Seizing some French Ships at Canceo 

received with Mt Bwrchetts 
Lef. of 13. Feb : 1718/19 
inclosed in W : 53. 

New England 
Nova Scotia 
i: from M: Burchet of y^. 13*'' Feb'-v 1718/19 

28 



434 DOCTTMENTART HISTORY 

inclosing y^ Extract of a Letter from y^ Cap^. of y^ 
Squirrel man of War relating to the Fishery, on 
ye Coast of Neiv England ^ Nova Scotia 
To 

William Popple Es(f. 
These 
J Burchett 



Report of John Wheelwright 

Anno Regni Regis Georgy Magnse 
Brittania &c Qiiinto ~ 
At a Great And Generall Court or Assembly of his Maj- 
estys Province of the Massachusetts Bay held at Boston the 
29^'^ of Oct. 1718. 

The report of John Wheelwriglit Esq^ &c Appointed a 
Com***" by an Order of this Court passt at the Sessions begun 
And held the 28*? of May Last for Regulating the Settle- 
ment of Falmouth in Casco bay is as follows ~ viz - 

Pursuant To a Vote of the Great and General Assembly 
of his Majestys Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New 
England begun & held at Boston May 1715. Impowering 
And Appointing us the subscribers to be a Com*?^ to prose- 
cute the regular Settlement of the Eastern Frontiers And in 
Answer to the Petition of the Proprie'"s and Settlers of the 
Town of Falmouth in Casco bay in the Year 1717. & 1718. 
who have made Application to us the said Com*?^ According 
to the Direction of the General Court. We have Upon the 
6*? day of this present Month of July taken a view of the 
Said Town of Falmouth And Mature Deliberation & Con- 
sideration. — 

We Offer Our Report to this Hon'^^" Court as fPoUows 
viz - 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 435 

The dividing Bounds between Scarborough & Fahnouth 
We find to be the Line from the first dividing of Spurwinck 
River ; from thence to run into the Countrey Eight Miles 
North West And from the Said Branches as the River runs 
into the Sea And the Easterly Bounds of Falmouth to Extend 
to Certain Islands known by the name of the Clap Board 
Islands from a red Oak Tree Upon the Main Over Against 
said Islands Marked F, on the South side and So South East 
over a white rock into the Sea & from said Tree Eight Miles 
into the Countrey : And According to the best of Our Judg- 
ments We have determined the Spot whereon the Antient 
Town of Falmouth Stood &a Fort was formerly Built by 
Order of the Governm* And where there are Already Settled 
above Twenty Familys in a Compact defensible Manner to 
be a very Agreable place for the Settlement of a Town being 
bordering Upon a fine Navigable River Guarded from the 
Sea by Adjacent Islands most Commodious for the Fishery 
And is Accommodated with Several Large Streams for Mills 
as well as a Large Quantity of good Land for the Encourag- 
ment of Husbandry, And We are of Opinion there is a fair 
prospect of its being in a Little time a Flourishing Town ; 
And in Order to the Enabling them to a Methodical proceed- 
ing in their Affairs We are of Opinion that it is Absolutely 
Necessary that they be Invested with power to act as a Town 
as Soon as may be with Convenience: We have Also Left 
Our Advice with them with respect to the Laying out their 
Streets & High Ways as Also for the placeing their ]\Ieeting 
House after the Most Commodious Manner for the Bennefit 
of the Town in General- 
Sign'^ John Wheelwright, Abraham Prebble, John Leigh- 
ton, Lewis Bane, Joseph Hill. 

In the House of Represent. Novem*" IL 1718. 

Read and Ordered that the report on the Other Side be 
Accepted And that the Bounds of the Town of Falmouth be 



436 DOCUMENTABY HISTOBY 

Continued confirmed & ratified as in the said report is Sett 
forth And the Inhabitants of the said Town that Now are & 
hereafter shall be from Time to Time be Invested with the 
same powers and Authorities to Act Manage direct And 
Order the Affairs of the said Township as Other Towns are 
provided that this Order shall m No Measure prejudice and 
Infringe any Just right or Title that any persons have to 
lands there And that Fifty Familys at the Least more than 
now are be Admitted as soon as may be & Settled in the 
most Compact & Defensible Manner that the Land will 
Allow off - 

In Council Read & Concurd: ~ 

Consented to Samuel Shute 

A True Copy 

Examined g J Willard Secry 



To the Rio:ht Hoiioble the Lords Comiss" 
of Trade & plantions 
My Lords 

In Obedience to yo^ Lordships Comands I have 
perused & considered of the severall papers relateing to the 
memoriall of John Bridger Esq^ Surveyor Generall of his 
Maj*!^^ Woods in America And I doe find That the Title 
which Mr. Elisha Cook doth by his Memoriall claim to be in 
the province of Massachusetts bay in Opposition to the Right 
of his Maj"« to all Trees fitt for Masts of the Diameter of 24 
Inches & upwards at twelve Inches from the Ground Grow- 
ing within the province of Main m America is founded upon 
a Supposed purchase of the said province of Main by the 
province of the Massachusetts Bay of & from the Assignees 



OF THE STATE OF INIAINE 437 

of S! Ferdinando Gorges the person to whom the said Prov- 
ince was Originally Granted from the Crown 

I must beg leave to observe to yo^ Lordpps that King 
Charles the First Did Incorporate the Assignees of the Pat- 
ent which King James the First did in the Eighteen*'' Year 
of his Reign Grant to the Councell Established at Plymouth 
in the County of Devon by the Name of the Governour & 
Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England By 
w*'?' Charter The said King did Grant unto the said Corpora- 
tion power to have take Possess acquire & purchase any 
Lands Tenements or Hereditam^? or any Goods or Chattells 
& the same to Lease Grant Demise alien Bargain Sell & Dis- 
pose of as other our Liege people of this our Realm of Eng- 
land or other Corporation or Body politick of the same may 
Lawfully doe. 

In the 15*? year of King Charles the First the Province 
of M&in was Granted to S^ Ferdinando Gorges His Heirs & 
Ass! Which province did descend Unto Ferdinando Gorges' 
Son & Heir of John Gorges who was Son & Heir of the said 
S^ Ferdinando Gorges which Ferdinando Gorges did in 
the Year 1677 In Consideration of the Sume of 1250£ Give 
& Grant All his Right & Title in & to the said Province 
unto John Usher of Boston Merchant his Heirs & Ass? But 
whether it was by way of Absolute Sale or Way of Mortgage 
doth not appear And the said John Usher did afterward in 
the Year 1678 Convey the same unto the said Corporation 
as appears by the Printed Journall of the House of Rep^'sent- 
atives of that Province which was sent to me by M^ Dummer 
their Agent It may my Lords be made a Question in Law 
whether that Corporation which was created by King Charles 
the First could Legally purchase the said Province of ]\Iain 
Inasmuch as the Clause of License does goe noe further then 
that they might purchase Lands &c as any other Corporation 
or Body politick in Engl might Lawfully doe and I take it 



438 DOCUIVIENTARY HISTORY 

to be Clear Law that no Corporation whatsoever in England 
can purchase any Lands which shall Inure to themselves 
unless an Express License for that purpose be inserted in 
their Charter of Incorporation or otherwise. YoT Lordp]ps 
will be pleased to observe that this Corporation is by the 
Charter only Subjected to the same Laws as the Corporations 
in England are and that there is no Licence to purchase 
Lands Granted to them by Express Words I need not observe 
to your Lordpps that nothing but Express Words is in Law 
Sufficient to take away the Kings p'^rogative But Indeed I 
should not have made Use of any Argum* of this Nature did 
I not think the Maintaining the Roy all prerogative in Rela- 
tion to the Navall Stores in America of the Utmost Conse- 
quence to the Kingdome And that therefore any advantage 
in point of Law ought to be taken w^? does not Injure any 
Private Persons 

But admitting that Corporation was fully enabled to 
purchase Lands yet that Corporation is now Extinguished 
for the patent 4? caroli primi was in the Year 1684 Reversed 
in Chancery by a Judgm! upon a Scir Fac and Consequently 
the Province which was Granted to that Corporation & all 
Lands purchased by that Corporation were Revested in the 
Crown and therefore the Inhabit** of New-England can be no 
otherwise Entituled unto the province of Main then by some 
New Title which must have accrued unto them Subsequent 
to their Incorporation by King William w''^ it is Impossible 
ever should have been since there is no Licence granted unto 
them to purchase Lands in or by their Last Charter : Their 
Last Charter was granted by the late King William in the 
third year of his Reign In which Charter It is observable 
that there is not a Variation in the Name of Incorporation 
but in the thing itself. And so far is the old Corporation 
from being revived that by this Charter they are not so much 
as Erected into a Corporation or Body Pohtick so as to be 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 439 

able to Sue or be Sued &c but the very Termes of the Char- 
ter are that the King does Erect and Incorporate the Severall 
Countries menconed in the Patent into one Reall Province 
by the Name of our province of the Massachusetts Bay in 
New England. 

It is plain to a Demonstration that King William did at 
the time of Granting this Patent Consider All the Countries 
therein named and particularly the province of Main as 
vested in himself in the Right of his Crown and therefore he 
does Unite & Incorporate all those Countries which were 
before Severall & Distinct into one Real province & does 
then Grant all the Lands Included m that Province unto the 
Inhabit** of the province of the Massachusetts Bay in 
w^?' Denomination & Grant the Inhabitants of the Province 
of Main &c are as much Included & Concerned as Grantees 
as the Inhabitants of that part of the Countrey which was 
Originally & Singly Known by the Name of the Massachu- 
setts Bay All these Provinces therefore are now to be Con- 
sidered as one neither is it Possible that one part of the 
Province should be the Private Property of Another. 

It is true that the King does Grant a Power unto the 
General Assembly of the said Province to make Grants of 
Lands Uncultivated lying within the Bounds described in & 
by the Charter But that Grant does no ways Extend to one 
Part of the Province more than Another But is equall to 
them all And is therefore Subject to the Last Clause in the 
Charter by w^?* all Trees of the Before menconed Size are 
Reserved to the Crown and Consequently the Generall- 
Assembly of that province cannot make any Grant of Lands 
to private Persons without their being Subject to that Clause 
of Reservation The Act of Parliament Nono Anna? page 387 
Extends no further then the Reservation in the Charter does 
only that Prerogative w*-'?^ before Subsisted Singly on the 
Charter is now Confirmed & Established by Authority of 



440 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

parliament And therefore upon the whole Matter I am of 
opmion that the King is Legally Entituled to all Trees 
of the p'scribed Size Growing in the Province of the Massa- 
chusetts Bay as it is prescribed & bounded in the Charter of 
King William & particularly in the Province of Main Except- 
ing only those Trees Scituated in Lands w''.^ were Legally 
Granted to private persons before the Charter 4? Caroli 
primi was reversed: All w*^?^ I humbly Certifye to yo'' 
Lordpps and I am my Lords 

Yo'^ Lordpps 
most Obedient & most Humble Serv* 
Richd West 
12« Nov-^ 1718. 

End : ) Neiv England 

Report from MZ West — - — concerning 

Woods in Province of Main — America — 
12. Nov: 1718. R. W. 



London Nov' 29*^ 1718 
Right Hon^'^ 

The enclosed I have extracted from a Letter 
I received this day from New England. I thought it my 
duty to inform of it as assoon as possible and therefore take 
this way to convey it to YT Ex'^^ 

I was at Canso ten or twelve miles to the Westward 
of Cape Brittoon in Aug' last, and then all things was peace- 
able & quiet, the French and English fishing with all friend- 
ship and love, and the Indians tho numerous very ready to 
do all friendly Ofiices, but I fear they are now exasperated. 
I shall wait on your Ex"^ at the Secretary of State's Office 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 441 

on Munday next, and am with all humble and dutifull 

regards 

Right Hon"« 

Your most Obedient 

humble Servant 
Geo: Vaughan 
M. Secry Craggs. 

End : ) Copy of a Letter from MC George Vavghan to M. 
Secry Craggs. Dated 

London Nov"! 29*" 1718. 



Whitehall. Dec-^ 9^^ 1718 
My Lords 

Having received from MF George Vaughan a 
Letter relating to the Fishery in New-England, together 
with the Extract of a Letter from Nathaniell Shannon upon 
that Subject, I am Commanded to Transmit the Inclosed 
Copies thereof to Your Lo^^ that you may Consider what is 
proper to be done there upon. 

I am 

My Lords 

Your ho^* 
Most humble Servant 
J Craggs. 
L'^« Com" of Trade. 

Mfid : ) Neiv England 

Lr from Mr Sec^'v Craggs of 9th Instant inclosing a 
Copy of a Lr from M^ Vaughan relating to y^ Fish- 
ery in Neiv England, together with the Extract of 
another from Nath : Shannon upon that Subject. 
Rec"^ Bee 10 1718. 
Read 10*" Feh^v 1718/9 



442 DOCUMBNTAKY HISTORY 

Letter from Capt John dyles to Gov. Shute, Dee. W, 1718. 

fort George Dec^-^ 20: 1718 
May it Pleas your Excy 

I had an accomp* the 8'^ g A Pryvet informar who s** 
about 20 Days Past that a Letar Came to Narangawock from 
M"^ Vodrel Governar of Canaday by 2 yong Indians to y® 
fryar to Read to y^ Indians, & s'^ My cheldren I Reioyce that 
you ar in the Land of y^ Liveing I had a Letar from Albeny 
y* you weare betrayed & Destroied by the English, I advise 
you to hendar thier settling Your Lands I am informd thier 
ar many Settling, 

the Indians answer father Vodrell we ar well & ar not 
afraid of the English hui'ing Vs, & we are not Eble to hendar 
thir settling they ar many in number, and so ar you thierfore 
hender your Eqels for your Kin^.^ ar Brother! & talk frely 
thier fore Desiear him to order them not to Settle our Lands, 
& you will oblige Vs in hendering them though we Did tel 
y® English to Com half ways from Sacatohock to naranga- 
wack, 

g John Gyles Entarpretr 

May it Pleas your Excy 

Sr I have had an accomp^ of Many sendin^* from & to a sort 

of Indian* to y* westward of Albeny & so Round to Canaday 

but Don't find they have Brought Eany thing to Pass, Our 

Indians hear seem to be Very frindly & all to their hunting 

& fishing as formerly, I have a Constant accomp' of thier 

Proceding? 

I am your Excellancy? Most 

Redy & fatyfull servant to Com- 
mand 

Praying y® Continuance 

of your Excy* faver 

John Gyles 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 443 

I expect those 2 bearskins in few days 
& I shall send em by y*^ furst after they 
Com to my hand. 

[ Superscribed ] 
One his Maj*^* Service 
To his Excellancy Sam" Shute Esq 
Cap*° General and Governar in 
Chieff of his Maj^^' Province 
Massachusetts Bay 



Letter from Major Joseph Hammond to Grov. Shute 
Jany. IS, 1719 

Kittery Jan^ 13"> 1719 
May it Please yo' ExY 

On Saboth day night last a Man Came to me from Berwick 
& Inform^ me that Some Indians had drove Awa}^ a Cow 
from him & that on y^ Same Day had Quarrelled with & 
Insulted y^ people there / upon which M' ffrost & my Selfe 
Early on monday last went to Berwick & in order to Inquire 
into y® premisses Sumoned Such Evidences as were likely to 
Inform us. & we find by those Evidences About five or Six 
in NumbT on Wednesday y^ Q^^ Insta* Came to y*" house of 
One Joseph Hart a Sober man who gave them bread & Some 
bear & they went from him & in a short time return!* 
Againe Some of them Went into y* house & Some Stayed 
with him in the Shop those in y« house by their Insolent 
behavio^ frighted his wife So that he was Obliged to go in & 
desire them to go out of y® house and Warm themselves in 
his Shop but they being Angry one of them took hold of s** 
Hart by the Shoulder &; he went out of y^ house with them. 
One of y* Indians threw of his Blanket & drew out his 
hatchet «& Came Violently at s'* Hart who retired back into 



444 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

his house y^ Indian Came to y® Window Calling him Dogg 
& bid him Come out which he did & Closeing with y^ Indian 
took his hatchet from him upon which Another Indian Came 
behind him & laid hold on his hair but he being a Strong 
man cleared himself e of them & with a Stick defended him- 
selfe & they left him / After which on y** Same day in Sight 
of Severall Credible people they pursued a lad with a hatchet 
lifted up / Some Teams being y^ Same day Coming out of 
y« Woods Saw y'' Indians in their way One of them Lay 
down in y" Way Two more Set by him & one Stood up & So 
Stop^ y** Teams / the fforemost man desired them to Move 
& let him pass which they Angrily denied. The Second 
man that Came up was M' John Shapleigh A p'"sou of very 
good Credit & reputation who Also desired y® Indians to 
Move pointing with his Stick to y** Indian that lay in y^ way 
bid y® Others take him out of y" way upon which y** s'* 
Indian rose up & laid hold of M^ Shapleighs Stick & Strugled 
with him Sometime. An other Indian Comeing behind M"" 
Shapleigh & with Some Instrum* in his hand Cut his Nose 
So that y** blood Issued Very much the other man Seing y^ 
blood he with his Stick Struck y'' Indian on y^ head & y* 
Indian Turn? upon him & So the Two Englishmen & four 
Indians had a Considerable Combate but y^ Two men with 
their Sticks Defended themselves & y^ Indians left them / 
the Oxen being frighted with y*" Strugle one of them broke 
his legg to y^ great Dainage of y^ Owner./ The Same Indians 
afterwards Came to y^ house of One Tompson towards y^ 
Evening of s*^ day the man being from home. 

One of them went into y*" house & Asked for victuals 
which y® Woman of y** house was providing but hearing a 
noyes without went to y" door & Saw three Indians one of 
them threw his hatchet at a goose, & Cutt her the woman 
desired them to forbear the Indian took up his hatchet & 
Come to her lifting it over her head but y^ blow was 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 445 

prevented by Another Indian Takeing hold of his Arm. The 
woman being affrighted Cryed out & Some Neighbours Came 
& So y® Indians went of & Drove Away a Cow of s'^ Tomp- 
sons with them which they have kil^ &; Eaten part of y^ Cow 
being found — 

We have Well Inform^ our Selves of this matter by Cred- 
ible Witnesses upon Oath./ These Insults makes y® people 
of that town Very uneasie and if any more such Affronts be 
Offered I fear the people will in their passion take Satisfac- 
tion on ye offenders./ We used all possible Care & dilligence 
to Inform ourselves whether those Indians were drunk but 
Cannot find they were So / or that they had Any Strong 

drink of Any of y® people 

We sent for Two Indians which were in Town but They 
Denied their knowledge of those Actions Yet we have reason 
to think they were partners in Eating y^ Cow./ We told 
that we Came to Enquire into y^ reasons of this Quarrell & 
that we should Inform yo'' Excell'^y thereof & that yo'' Ex'^y 
would be very Angery if y^ man were not Quickly paid for 
his Cow. They promissed to Enquire out those Indians & 
perhaps v^hen they Catch beaver they Say y® man will be 
paid ~ 

Thus I have given yo*" Ex^^ a particular & Just Acco* of 
y® Whole Action./ And am 

Yo"^ Ex«y« Most Obed* Humble Serv* 
Jos. Haniond 
[ Superscribed ] 
To His Excellency 
Samuel Shute Esq' 
Govern'' & Coniand'^ in 
Chief of y^ Province 
of y® Massachusets 
Bay &c 

At Boston 



446 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter from Joseph Heath ^ John Minot to Crov. Shute^ 
May P^ 1719. 

Merrymeeting Bay May 1** 1Y19 
May it Please your Excelenc 

Persuant to your direcktions we imbraced the first 
Opportunity of going to Norigwalk, and delivered your Let- 
ters, and the message according to your instrucktions given 
us, Upon reading your letter to the Jesuit, his answers were 
as follows viz* That rum was the greatest reason of all the 
disturbances in the plantations — 

That when the Indians treated with the Govern'^ at Arow- 
sick they did not permit any settlements above Arowsick 
mills. That the Indian Tribes from Canada wrote to the Ken- 
nibeck indians that in giving away their lands, they kild 
themselves and them to, and that they were Obliged to 
assist them in case of any injustice done them by the English 
in setling uppon their lands, they claiming an equall right 
with them to this river; That he reciv* a Letter from the 
GovT of Canada wherein he writes him that the King of 
ffrance has given him instrucktions that in case the English 
does the indians any injustice he must proteckt & assist them, 
and the Jesuit sayes he sent a Letter to your Excelenc : of 
the same nature at the treaty at Arowsick ; These things he 
told us he would write to your Excel : we think it propper 
notwithstanding to insert them, that your Excel may com- 
paire y™ with his Letter which is here inclos'd. 

The Indians answer to your Letter were these viz* 
That those that disturbe the English they look not on 
them as their Bretheren, That those indians that are com- 
plaind of, are prayerless, that they did not come amongst 
them ; and they lookt upon them no better than Robbers, 
they thank your Excel : for your freindly advise, of their 
peoples ill carrage towards the English and your resolutions 
not to hurt those that Are orderly by the souldiers now sent 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 447 

out, That if any thing grevious was offer'd them by the Eng- 
lish they would come and acquaint your Excel, with it, they 
say they would not have your Excel : beleive the report of 
any ill persons either English or Indians which tends to the 
breaking of the freindship betwene us, which they desire to 
Continue. After the Jessuit had talkt with us as before 
inserted in the name of the indians / as he said / We told 
the principall indians thereof who said the Jesuit told us 
wrong Storeys and calling a councell declair'd they did not 
consent to what the Jessuit said, and that he spooke his mind, 
and not theirs, and that they did not imploy him to write any 
Letter for them and y* if he sent any Letters at any time 
they desire your Excel : would receive them as his Letters 
and not theirs : Its our humble Oppinnion that the fryer is 
an Incendary of mischeif amongst these Indians and that were 
it not for his pernicious suggestions your Excelency would 
not meet with any trouble from them We are 

Yo"" Excelencys most Dutifull 

Humble and Obedient Serv*^ 
Joseph Heath 
John Minot 
We finde Abombazen very inclinable 
to accept of your Excel favour he is 
therefore the bearer of this Letter, having 
Aso Authority from the Indians to represent 

their Towne ^ 

We have remarkt the Countrey Cituation of "1 
Towne River and carrying places / 

Your Excel : ut supra 

Jn° Minot 

Joseph Heath 



448 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Lewis Bane to Grov. Samuel Shute. 

From famoth In 

Casco Bay Jun y* 20**' 
1719 

May itt Please Your Excelency this morning came an 
Indian to me Stark naked whose name woss Prosaway and 
told me Y* he and thre Indians more went on board a Brig- 
inteen Rideing In Casco Bay and bought thre Gallons of 
Rhum of y® Master of y" Briginteen and went on board of 
y®"^ Cannou and went to Go with itt to Pejiepscut and In 
there Cannou Gott Drunk and over Sett y^ Cunneu and y® 
Other thre where Drown'd./ 

May itt please your Excelency I have Gin out a Ritt to y® 
Sherif for to take y® man for Selling of Drink to y* Indians 
but he Keeps on Board y' y*^ Sherif cant come att him S'' I 
Keep y'' Indian with me till I can Speak with Som other of 
y® Indians to Lett y^™ know your Excelency for their Safety 
wont Lett the English Sell Drink to y®"" to prove y^"" Ruing. 
May itt Please Your Excellency y® Vessels y* come to y^* 
Bay have Don a Great Deal of Damage by Selling Drink to 
y^ Indians. I thought itt my Duty to Give Your Excellency 
an account of Y'* matter, for itt will make a Stir amongst Y® 
Indians Butt itt would have been a Greator if they had all 
bin Drownd an Non left to have told whott Became of y"™ 
The Briginteen belongs to Salem And Y® Captains name y* 
Sold y® Rhum to y® Indians is Robert Peat./ This is w*^^ my 
Duty to Your Excelency and Remain Your humble Servant 
to Command Lewis Bane 

I pray your Excelencys Answer for to know what I shall Do 
In This matter for I can prove it by English men — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 449 

Letter from Edw : Hutchinson to Grov. Shute. 
Sept. 7, 1719. 

George Town Monday Sep* T*'^, 1719 
S'' On Satterday last ColP: Winthrop & I going up this 
River we meet with an Indian who said he was Son to Ter- 
ramugus he inquired for me & gave me a Letter for yo"" 
Excellency, which Letter I have here inclosed, We had no 
body with us could speak Indian, so we understood but little 
from him, only that the Letter was written by the minister at 
Narigawak & that the Indians understood it — They seem 
dissatisfied that people should settle in a body, & have given 
threatning language to a Tennant of Coll° Winthrops at Swan 
Island & about a week ago Two Indians whome he had im- 
ployed to bring up some things for him, after they had deliv- 
er'd them drove away one of his oxen & Kill'd it, which so 
discourages the people they dont think themselves safe with- 
out some force to cover them for the present. If your Excel- 
lency with the Councill has ordered Cap* Beane with his men 
to be at the Mouth of Kenebeck River, it is thought here is 
no place can be more servisable to keep the Indians in Awe. 
I am 

Yo' Excellencies 

Most Humi« & Obedi* Serv* 

Edw: Hutchinson 
His Excellency 

Samuel Shute Esq, 



Extracts from Letter of Jeremiah Lummer, Agent in England 
to Josiah Willard^ Secretary., Sept. 9, 1719. 

"There has bin nothing further done upon the Petition 
for our Eastern Lands since my last. The Lords of the 
Council expect your Answer to the proposition they have 

29 



450 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

made you, viz* that if you will consent to resign y® Jurisdic- 
tion of the Tract of Land between Kenebeck and Penobscot, 
that then the Crown will confirm to the Province the prop- 
erty of the Soil. I see no prospect at present of getting it 
made part of the Massachusetts Government, I mean by any 
express declaration of the Crown, Soe deep are the prejudices, 
which men in power here have taken against our Charter. And 
I am sorry to say they have bin from time to time confirm'd 
herein by people of our own Country, who come over here to 
get places, & having no Interest take this method of recom- 
mending themselves to complement the Crown at the Ex- 
pence of their Country. It is an invidious Task to mention 
names on such occasions as these, but as I have not hitherto 
bin timerous or reserv'd in the discharge of my Duty, so 
neither will I now. 

I think I need not name Col? Vaughan 
in this list, having long since transmitted to you his famous 
Memorial, besides that he makes no Secret of his principles, 
but openly declares his Opinion that we are not Subject 
enough to the Crown, and that we ought to pay a Yearly 
revenue to the mother Kingdom. M'" Usher never comes to 
any of the Offices of State, but he continually inculcates as 
the Principal thing he has to say, that the people of the Mas- 
sachusetts are all Enemies to Crown Government, which 
phrase he appears very fond of as well as of the thing. He 
tells every body that the reason of their refusing to pay him 
his due is because it was a Debt contracted under a Crown 
Government. And in his petition for his Arrears, which I 
shall speak to afterwards, He ascribes the Revolution made 
in S"" Edmund Andros his time to the people's being weary 
of Governm* where by he seems to think there can be no 
Government unless it be despotick." 

"Coll" Bladen went out of Town this morning for the 
Court of France to get French Commissaryes appointed, and 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 451 

to adjust preliminaries for running the lines not only between 
Nova Scotia and Cape Breton, between the River of Canada 
and the back side of New England and New York. When 
the Government first thought of fixing these Boundarys, they 
desir'd my Sentiments upon it in writing, which I immedi- 
ately drew up, and therein set forth the late trespasses of 
the French at Petty Canso, and in the same writing deliver'd 
it as my opinion, that the whole Setlement of Canada is an 
encroachment on the rights of the Crown, and therefore hop't 
there "would be no advantage allow'd them in this treaty, but 
that the Borders of the River of Canada should be made the 
French bounds. 

It is propos'd that when the limits are fix't, the Popish 
Priests shall be forbid under a strict penalty to pass over 
them into the English Territoryes on any pretence whatso- 
ever, So that I hope we shall be made easy in that point. I 
have also taken care to get it made a part of Col? Bladen'^ 
instructions to procure an Order from the Regent of France 
to the Governor of Canada for the releasing all our poor Cap- 
tives that remain in the hands of the Indians And I hope in 
a little time to give you a good Account of the Success of 
his Commission as to that particular." 

" I am with great esteem 
and respect 

S"" your most Obed* Serv* 

Jer : Dummer " 
" Lond° 

9^^ Sepf^lTlO" 

Evidences referring to Saml Martin s Land. 

Evidences refering to Sam^ IMartin's Land to the Eastward 
Rec<^ on Record Feb^ 21«* 1720/21 

The Deposition of George Pearce of the Age of Fifty 



452 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

five Years Testifieth & Saith that about three Years ago in 
y® Year 1717, I was present when my two brothers Richard 
& John Pearce and my Self with Francis Fullfood & Eliza- 
beth Martin y^ Children my Sister Elizabeth Fulfood did 
Settle our Fathers Estate at Misconcus to the Eastward and 
then my said brother Richard Pearce did Declare and own 
that he had no right Title or Interest to an Island Called 
Hogg Island lying in iSIisconcus River against Misconcus 
Harbour but the said Hogg Island was the right & Estate 
of his brother John Pearce and EHzabeth Fullford his sister 
and their heirs and that my said brother Richard Pearce for 
himself & his heirs Executors & Administrators did Dis- 
claime and Disowne any right Title or Interest to said Hogg 
Island was given by John Summerset a Sagamore of y^ Indians 
to his brother John & his said Sister Elizabeth them & their 
heirs forever and that his father did take possession of said 
Hogg Island for his said two ('hildren their heirs and Assigns 
forever and further I Testify and Declare that I also the 
Depouant Reenounce all right Title and Intrest to said Hogg 
Island & that said Hogg Island was not Inventoried as any 
Part of my Father Estate but was Left as the Estate of my 
brother John Pearce and y^ Children of my Sister Elizabeth 
Fullford 

his mark 

George ^ Pearce 

Essex ss The above named George Pearce personally 
Appeared before us two of His Majestys Justices of y^ 
Peace Quoram Unus and he made Oath to the truth of his 
above written Deposition in perpetuam Rei moriam Dated 
at Marblehead y« 7"^ Day of February 1720/21 

Nathaniel Norden 

Azor Gale 

Exam'^ 
The Deposition of John Pearce of the Age of Sixty eight 



1 



OF THE STATE OF MAESTE 453 

years or Thereabouts Testifieth & Saith to my Certain Knowl- 
edge that the Island Commonly know and called Hogg Island 
lying in Misconcus River lying against Misconcus Harbour 
lying to the Northward of the Lands of Pemmaquid to the 
Eastward, Formerly under the Government of New York 
was wholly and Absolutely given and bequeathed to me the 
Deponant and to my Sister Elizabeth Pearce alias Elizabeth 
Fullfood who married Richard Fullfood late of Misconcus 
Dec'^ by John Summersett one of the Sagamores of the 
Indians then Living in these Parts to me the said John 
Pearce and to my said Sister Elizabeth to us our Heirs 
Executors Administrators & Assigns forever And that my 
Father Richard Pearce then Liveing but now Dec'' did take 
Possession of said Hogg Island for us his said (Children and 
in our names as our own proper Estate of Inheritance forever 
to us our Heirs and Assigns to enjoy and possess the same 
and that our said Father Richard Pearce in his Lifetime 
always declared and reserved said Hogg Island for us his 
said two Children and their Heirs and that the said Hogg 
Island was not Inventoried as any Part of his Estate and I 
Further Testify & Declare that about three years ago when 
my brother Richard Pearce George Pearce Francis Fullfood 
and Elizabeth Martin y^ Children of my said Sister Elizabeth 
and my Self did Settle the Estate of our said Father he the 
said Richard Pearce my brother did then declare and own 
that he had no Intrest or part in said Hogg Island and that 
he knew that said Hogg Island was given by said John Sum- 
mersett Sagamore to us the said Brother as the proper Estate 
of inheritance and I further Declare & Testify that I the 
Deponant since our said Division of our said Fatliers Estate 
have taken possession of the Southermost part of said Hogg 
Island being the one half or Moiety of said Island as my 
proper Estate and have left y* Northermost half of said Hogg 



454 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

Island for my said Sisters Children as their proper Estate of 
Inheritance 

bis mark 

Lattimore Watters Norden Pedrick John Pearce 

Essex ss The above named John Pearce personally 
Appeared before us two of his Majestys Justices of the 
Peace Quorum Unus and he made Oath to the truth of his 
above written Deposition in perpetuam Rei memoriam. 
Dated at Marblehead y« 7"' Day of February 1720/21 

Nath" Norden 

Azor Gale 

The Deposition of Morrice Champney of the age of Sev- 
enty nine Years Testifieth and Saith That I knew Richard 
Fullfood & wife y« Parents of Elizabeth Martin the Wife of 
Samuel Martin now of Marblehead in the County of Essex 
Fisherman or Shoreman and of Francis Fullfood of Marble- 
head aforesaid Fisherman her brother and the said Richard 
Fullfood and his wife Lived on a place called Round Pound 
fronting against Misconcus Island to the Eastward above 
fifty years agoe and that he had a house on said Land how 
much Land he had 1 know not and I and Richard Pearce 
now Liveing in Marblehead moued on y^ meadow Land Sev- 
eral years for said Richard Fullford and that the said Richard 
Fullford and his wife and family Lived on said Land of 
Round Pound many Years together till y^ Indian Enemy 
drove them from thence 



Letter from John Wlieelwright ^ others to Cfov. Shute. 
Aug. 10, 1720 

York Aug"* lO**^ 1720 
May it please Yo"^ Ex-^y ~ 

The repeated rumours we have had of y* Insolency of y* 
Indians Amongst y^ Inhabitants of in the Eastern Setlem*? 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 455 

have put y® people through this County in fear So that Some 
part of Town have Left their habitations./ We have for our 
better Information Sent an Express Eastward As far as ffal- 
mouth and have Obtain*^ the Information which we herewith 
Send from Cap^P Moodey and Cap^P Gray &c./~ 

We are thereby Well Assured that y^ Indians have a 
Design to make a Warr upon us or at Least to Drive of y** 
Inhabitants & make themselves Masters of that Country - 

What Confirms us in our Oppinion is that y^ Indians 
have been lately & Are Now Lurking About y® Out habita- 
tions of York Kittery Wells and Berwick in y*^ Night time 
& Are not Willing to be discovered./ We have A late 
Acco* from Cap^" Preble & Cap*^" Harmon who Arived here 
this morning from Arowsick and have lately Spoken with 
Some of the principle Indians. And by their Discourse Seem 
Very Inclineable to make a Warr — Cap*" Preble & Cap*" 
Harmon will Wait on yo'' Ex*'^ and will Inform more fully - 

We do therefore Humbly pray that yo"" Ex'^.y will be 
pleased So far to Consider our present Circumstances that 
those remote Setlem*^? may be covered. And that yo' Ex^^ 
would be pleased to Order y® Inhabitants through this County 
to be in Some posture of Defence by Erecting Garrisons or 
places of refuge and Seting up Watches &c as Need requires 

We are Yo"" Ex*'?" Most Obed' Humble Serv** 

John Wheelwright Joseph Moulton 

Jos: Hamond Jos: Curtis 

Lewis Bane Jn° Storer 

Abra"" Preble William Leighton 

Elisha Plaisted Georg frinck 

Wra Pepperrell Jun^ Nathan Bartlet 

Nichola Shaplegh Jonathan Bean 

Samvl Come Caleb Preble 

Elihu Gunnison John Kye 



456 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter from Capt John Gyles to Gov. Shute, 
Aug. 10, 1720. 

May it Pleas Your Ex^^ 

the bearer hereof A bombazen being Very Desirous to Go to 
Boston to w* one your Excy & the Honorable Councell, 
haveing sumthing to Say & he haveing the Approbation of 
thier Chiefs of narangavvock in Going Accasioned my Give- 
ing him a Pass. 

I thinke him to be as onnes* a fellow as hany of em, if it 
might Pleas to shew him sum small kindness it may be 
Sarvicable, 

I find nothing New amongst them they ar Generl}^ to thier 
fishing & foiling a Long y® see shoar as auther years to such 
tim thier Corn is hettable, 

Sum Leatly from Canaday say they wear Casioned to be 
Carefull of y^ English y* they wear not insneard & trapand, 
& y* send Powdar a Present to y® Panobcut tribe, 

We had of Leat sumthing of a misundarstanding a 

Casiond by one Tho^ thorn in selling y® Indians Rum I was 

a bliged to send to Justies Penhallow & y^ Indians sufficiatly 

Proved y*' s'^ thorn to be gulty & it was Ordred y* all y® things 

y* wear treaded w*^ or Pand for Rum to be Returnd to y® 

Indians, & if Eany Proved Gulty for y® futar should have y* 

same Justies or sent to a Cor* I hope such meathods will Put 

a stop to Lickring in sum measure or hope sum betar meathod 

will be found, or auther ways the inhabitants will be Vndar 

a Darke Cloude one y* accompt this is y^ same thorn y* was 

convinced in y** spring and Cap*° Moody ordred his Rum to 

be moved which he Did not Do, 

fort George Au«' 10 : 1720 

I am 

Your Excellencys 

Most Dutyfull sarvant 

John Gyles 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 457 

one Cap*" Jn*" an Indian Related to 

Bomazeen Prayed me to mention his 

Great Respext to your Excy & y* 

Coimcell 

he was a Gret Roge much Emproved 

by y® french, of Late he meeting 

w*^ sum Disgust turns him this "vvaye, 

I Pray Pardon in trobling w"* these mean Lins 

Bomazen is Very Desiars of Liv" Bean 
a fitt Entarpretar his Company if ms 
he is a Phiin Onest fellow & Redy 
sarvice 



Letter from J. Wentivorth to Crov. Shute, 
Aug. 17, 1720. 

Portsm" Aug° 17"' 1720 
May it please Your 
Excellency 

This Morning came The Bearer ColP 
Aborabazeen w"' Another Indian who bro* letters from the 
East, I finde by a letter from Cap* Gi'^^y that the Indians 
have killed an ox and about Twenty Swine, The people are 
all in Garrison and frighted Very much ; The people have 
lost a great deal of there corn, and many Families are come 
Away, So that the dammage of this Time disturbance, is not 
less than a Thousand pounds Dammage to the two Provinces, 
we had much better be at War then be thus treeted, therfore 
I hope Your Excelleny will contrive way to prevent any 
more Such Insults, I am still of my former opinion Viz* that 
Two hundred Men allwayes kept in that Country would soon 
Settle it, And Noething will do it but a Nunib"", of Men ) that 



458 DOCUMENTABY HISTORY 

Letter from RicM Waldron to L^ Grov. Dummer ^ Council, 
Aug. 25^^" 1720 

Gent" 

This goes by an Express, to represent unto You 
the Malancholly State of the eastern parts, who bemg so fre- 
quently alarm'd by the repeated insults of the Indians, are 
all entering into garrison even from Arowsick unto Newchaw- 
anock by by which means several of their cornfields are 
destroyed, by the swine, and others Through fear are draw- 
ing of their Cattle in great numbers, insomuch That unless 
they are Speedily covered, The new Settlements will be 
totally overthrown. 

Att first we gave little or no Creditt to y* Common 
rumours concluding They sprung from y^ Effects of Some 
drunken frolick but are now confirmed in our beleif that They 
resolve a Suddain rupture upon which we have ordered our 
own frontiers To draw in & keep Scouts in constant motion 
at the heads of our Towns 

The Substances of our Informations are contained in the 

inclosed evidence & affidavitts which we Conceive may be a 

motive To the Goverm* To Cover their frontiers in y® County 

of York & if so we Shall be heartyly glad to Joyn our Quota 

By ord'' of His Excellency The 

GoV^ & Councill 3 

Rich<» Waldron Cler Con 
Portsm° Aug"* 25**' 1720 

To The Hon^>« L* Gov' Dummer 
& The Coufl 



.s- 

I 

I' 



OF THE STATE OP MAHSTE 459 

will Incourage those Setlements that are their and and bring 
more to them, I beleive The Indians intended Mischif but 
being discovered they will let it fall at gsent. The Jesuit 
Tells them There is actually A war Proclamed betwen Eng- 
land and France, and I beleive these Indians that appeer in 
are cheifly Canada Indians 

I hope to have the Honour of Kissing Your hand at 
Hampton on Fryday until when shall suspend saying any 
more 

I am Your Excellenyes 
Most Obed* humb^^ Serv^ 
J : Wentworth. 



Letter from J. Wentworth, Aug. 17, 1720. 

Province of 
N Hampshire 

The bearer hereof are A Bombazeen and Another 
Indian goeing w*** a Message to The Govern"^, which I would 
faine have him deliver before His Excellency leaves the Town 
That So he may advise thereon before he comes Away. 

I have ordred them Horses to Merrimack for 
there better dispach and and desier you will forward them 
with Horses to Boston for the reason above given. 

I finde they have ben advised by The ffrench that 
there is Awar proclamed between the English and ffrench, 
allso that we intended to Send five hundred Men into East- 
ern Country to destroy all y® Indians there. I hope all will 
blow over ) 

I am S' You^ Most Humb Ser^ 
Aug" IT^** 1720: J Wentworth. 



460 DOCFMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter from J. Adams to Hon. Paul Dudley., JEsq., 
Sept. 22, 1720 

Annapolis Royal l""' 22*^ 1720 
Honourable 

The News we have here from Boston that the 
Indians are up in Arms and that the Goverment has thought 
fit to Arm Some hundreds of men to guard the frontiers and 
that Your Honour with some others is appointed to treat with 
the Indians before it comes to Blows, I thought it proper to 
give you the following account how the Indians were incited 
to break the peace they So Solemnly made with your late 
Most Excellent ffather Governour Dudley of Pious Memory 
at Casco as it was related to me by Mons' Jaque Gourdan, 
who was ( as he says ) at the Council in this place when it 
was Contrive'd 

When Mons'' De Vaudrielle Govern"^ of Canada and 
Mons^" de Brouillan the Govern"" of this place understood the 
Indians were inclm'd to make peace with the English m New 
England they by themselves and thier agents the priests and 
traders among them Used all thier divillish poUicy to hinder 
it by gswations, Menaces, and traducing the English to them 
by forgmg the Most abominable falshoods against them that 
could be invented on purpose to imprint and root in them an 
irreconcilable hatred against the English yet notwithstanding 
the Indians were tired of the long war and were resolved 
they would conclude a peace which they did with His Excel- 
lency Govern"" Dudley att Casco Bay where the English and 
Indians raised two heaps of Stones which they calld the two 
Brothers. 

About that time a french Privateer had taken a prize 
on the Coast of New England richly loaden with all sorts of 
English goods and brought her into this Port which very 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 461 

much rejoic'd Mons'' de Brouillan and all the french here and 
put into his head to forge a letter as comeing from the Queen 
of Great Brittain Directed to Govern"^ Dudley Commanding 
him to make peace with the Indians after he had assembled 
them all togather in some Convenient place and give them 
the presents her Majesty had thereAvith sent him for them 
and give them Wine and Licquors to make them all Drunk 
and then Cut tliier throats. This leter was proposd to the 
Council here who all aprovd of the designe and got one Peter 
Mellanson an aged English Gentleman who came into this 
Country with S'' Thomas Temple and lived here ever since 
to translate it into English which when he had done Mons'' 
de Brouillan sent Mons' de Chaufour in a small sloop with 
this Letter to Penobscot with Arms Amunition and all sorts 
of goods proper for the Indians of which there was abundance 
in the prize with instructions to tell them these were the 
presents the Queen of England sent to Govern"^ Dudley for 
them on purpose to ensnare them to their owne Destruction 
but by good fortune they fell into the hands of thier old 
faithful friends the french who instead of betraying them 
therewith made a present to them to renew thier antient 
friendship and offer thier assistance against the English thier 
unveterate implacable enemies. Mons'" de Chaufour accord- 
ingly arriv'd at penobscot and after haveing assembled all the 
Indians told them he was come from Mr de Brouillan to 
Acquaint them that a priz was brought into Port Royall 
wherein was a letter from the Queen of Great Brittain to 
Govern"" Dudley which Concernd them and desired they 
would take Council on the Contents and then withdrew. 

Some of the Indians after the letter was read and 
Explaind to them suspected it to be a Contrivance of the 
french to engage them in a New War which they were not 
inclin'd to but the Young men among them when they dis- 
coursd further with de Chaufour and heard all he was orderd 



462 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

to say to y'" were inclin'd to recieve the presents, but yet 
they were in suspence till a detachment ariving there from 
Cannada with letters from M"" de Vaudreille to the same pur- 
port as it was Concerted between the two Govern'"s Confirm'd 
the Indians in the belief of the storry who receivd the pres- 
ents and as they term it took up y® hatchet, and they with 
the assistance of the french Imediatly upon it Murdered by 
surprise so many poor men women and children att York & 
Wells &c. the truth of this relation I had Confirm'd to me 
this summer by the forementioned M'' Mellanson who is still 
living in Minis 

I am with all Possible Respect 
Your Honours 

Most humble Obedient servant - Adams 

To The Honourable Paul Dudley Esquire 

[ Superscribed ] 

ffor His Majesties Service To the Honourable 
Paul Dudley Esquire In Boston 



Letter from Capt Sam} Moodey to Grov. Shute 
June 5, 1721 

Geo: Town June 5*»' 1721 
May it please y'' Excellency 

I lately rec*^ the Jesuites I^etters from M"" Secretary w*** 
your Ex'^y^ Directions to interpret them to the Indians, & to 
receive their Answer referring to their dismissing s*^ Jesuite 
which the Governm'' hath lately demanded of them. I have 
seen but few of the Indians since my Arrival at Geo : Town, 
They seem to intimate that their design is to bring their 
Skins hither & peremptorily to demand their Hostages upon 
the delivery of them. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 463 

I have sent a Message to them to let them know that I 
am here by your Excellency's order to receive their positive 
Answer to the Letter which was sent to them in the winter, 
I am in expectation of their Assembling here in a few dayes, 
& shall give your Ex'^y an account of my treaty w*^'' them as 
soon as possible 

I am Y"" Excelleneys Most 
Humble & most obedi* servant 

Sam" Moodey 



Letter from Capt Samuel Moodey to Gov. Shute. 
June 19, 1721. 

Falm*** June 19, 1721 
May it please your Ex'^ 

In my Last from Arowsick I gave your Ex^'y An Account of 
my receiveing the Jesuites Letters from M'' Secretary with 
your Ex'^y-'' order to interpret them to the Lidians, & to 
demand their Answer to the letter sent them from the Gov- 
ernm* sometime in the last winter, which they promised to 
return in May. 

Pursuant to your Ex^'y^ Directions, upon my Arriveal at 
G. Town the 4"' Current, I dispatched two Indians to Nor- 
ridgewock to Acquaint 'their Chiefs that I was tliere by your 
Ex<=y^ order, & that it was Expected from the Governm* that 
they should return their Answer According to their Promise. 
The Messengers came no more to Us So that after ten dayes 
waiting on them ( in wliich time we have put the Garrison at 
Thoils point into a good posture of Defence, Cap* Wainw' 
& company being lodg'd there in good Order ) I was oblidged 
to return to Falm*'\ 

What Indians I met with in the Interim that came from 
their Head Quarters, Inform Us, that the Matter has been 



464 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

debated in their Councils And do plainly intimate that they 
dont design to return Any Answer at All but insolently 
charge the Goverm*^ w^^ Folly in makeing New Demands, 
before the Matter is finished referring to the skins which they 
are to pay And are resolved peremptorily to Demand their 
Hostages upon the paym^ of s*^ skins. And I am pretty well 
assured y* this is the Substance & result of then grand 
Debate & that y'' Ex*"-^ will receive no Other Answer from 
them - The Bearer is one of my Sergeants Whom I have 
allowed to visit his Family at Charles Town & will attend y"" 
Ex^y^ Order for his speedy Return — 

I am y' Excellencys most 
In Council June 24. 1721 Humble & most Obed* Servant 
Read & sent down - Sam^^ Moodey 



Letter from Capt. Samuel Moodey to Grov. Shute 
July 8, 1721 

Falmti^ 8*^ July 1721 
May it please your Excellency 

It is near three weeks since I sent an Express to give 
your Ex'^y an Account of My return from Kennebeck after 
waiting ten dayes to receive the Indians answer to the letter 
sent them from the Governm* referring to their Jesuite ; but 
have received no return either of Letters or Messenger to 
this Day Since which I psume your Ex^y may have had a full 
account of the Indians their Assembling, & continuing in A 
Body near Geo : Town w*^ several Jesuites, in open defyance 
of the Governm* Yet I cannot omit what is come to my Hand 
this morning from Arowsic viz* That the Indians continue 
there w*'' the Jesuite, Inquiremg dayly after then Men, and 
its beleived the Penobscut men have joynd them w"' their 
Jesuite, & what they Design is not easily midestood — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 465 

I have been the more Uneasy at the delay of the Express, 
by reason that our Stores of Bread are wholly expended, 
which has oblidged me to Express at this time. 

We are all well upon our Gaurd & as any thing farther 
occurs that may be worthy of Notice I shall take care to give 
your Ex'^y Account of it w"' all convenient Speed — 
I am 

Y"" Excellencys 
most Humble & 
most obed' Servant 
Sam" Moodey 



Letter from J. Wentworth to Gov. Shute, July 10., 1721 

May it please 
Your Excellency / 

Just now came to my hand by Express the Enclosed, 
which I emediatly fforward I am of opinion that The Indians 
will make reprizall On us for there Hostages, being Instigated 
by the Jesuits, as you will see g Cap* Moodys Letter, I am 
still of opinion th* Those Hostages we have at Boston should 
not be given up, by the Treaty, We are no wayes obleiged, 
your Excellency will Soon See the Effect of calling of The 
Soulders from the Eastward, our people will be Insulted, as 
much as Ever, in haste — 

I am Your Excellency* 

Most Obed' Humbi Serv* 
J Wentworth 
N Hampshire 
July lO*'^ 1721 



[ Superscribed ] 
On his Majes** Servis 
To His Excellency Samuel Shute Esq^ 



SO 



466 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

Governoiu- in cheife in and Over 
His Majesties Province of New 
Hampshire &c* // 
From Casco Bay - 



Letter from Pendleton Fletcher. Sept. 8, 1721. 

Beddeford September y"^ 8 : 1721 
For Informasen to your Excellency and Honroble Comicell 
& honroble House of Representives as Folloeth 

I came home yester Day & am informed y* sevuell of my 
Nabers will sand thear wifes & children away som ware to 
the wastward by the fuse upetunety & I Ham afrad the men 
will goo sun after : if your Excellency & Honers Donot Lay 
Som command on us very quckly for som Consedrubl num- 
ber of solders are Run away from Arusuk : hear is Eight att 
y^ fourt that Cap' Joanes have taken & Brouft thor^: I wesh 
Hartely that sum Commander would be so Cind as to Lat 
thir folo Solders Ly in thar Bams wille Betr previded for: 
porhaps sum Dont know what it is to Lay Cold & hard : if 
thay Did poraps thay would not Denie thir Barn ■ — I hope 
them fose will go to INIeregock or alee ware quckly : I have 
enquered of those that Have bin thier Thay say Esey to go 
thir now be four hard frost: I Ham not Trand but might go 
and Com in Letel Time : I will go whith Encoregement For 
I ham very Redey «fc willing to sarve King & contry as far 
forth as I ham able 

I have nomore to aquant or treble your Excellency & 
Honers With I Reman your 

Humble & obedant sarvant 

Pendleton Fletcher 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 46 Y 

Letter from W^ Pepperrell Jun^ to Josiah Willard 
Oct. 10, 1721. 

am fav'''^ w^?^ yo" of y^ 26 Sept' Last ( w'^'' should have 
answer^ before but was from home ) Inclos^ Ave received a 
Vote of y^ (xen^ Court relateing to a breast work to be Erect*^ 
at Kittery, and that y° Say it is his Excellencys desire that 
we should under take y® building of it, we shall always be 
ready to Serve his Excellcy & this Province to y® Uttermost 
of our power. 

we want to be Informd where it is Left w*^? us to make choice 
of y® Most Suitable place for it and where they would have 
it Inclosed, or Elce only a breast work built faceing to y^ 
Sea, & where they purpose to build it with Lime & Stone, 
their being Stone conven* ; or Elce w"' Tuft or Timber, the 
Stone being most dur''^*', & not agreat deale more cost then 
y® other, and where they would have a small house built to 
keep y** Stors in or aman from a shower of rain, please to 
Inform us this as Sovon as may be, & shall follow orders, & 
after we heare from y"' Shall Indeav^ to Imply proper gsons 
to geett Materials for y^ work, but it being so Late in y® 
year we are of y" Opinion it cannot well be compleat^ before 
y® next Spring because y® ground will be frozen. 

Shall waite y^ answer and Am — 

S! W Most hum^^« Ser — 

W™ Pepperrell 

W" Pepperrell Jun"^ 
Kittery. Octob": 10*^ 1721 

[ Superscribed ] 
For his Majesties Service 
To Josiah Willard Esq' 
Boston. 



468 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Col. Tho^. Westbrook to U Gov. Dummer Jan. 2If, 1722/3 

May it please your Honour 

I wrote To your Honour from Hampton the 22*^ Instant, 
and acquainted you of My dispatches from Thence To The 
Eastward by Lew* Hilton, To have the marching Forces 
mustered at the places of rendezvous w*'^ all possible expedi- 
tion, and I shall not fail to be with them, by the time they 
are Assembled together ; I am now at portsmouth awaiting 
y*' Arrival of one of y® Sloops to take me in, If She comes 
not with this days fair wmd, I determine to Sett out for my 
post tomorrow by land so that no time may possibly Slip 
unimproved. 

In perusing my Instructions, I observe, in case of 
extraordinary and unforeseen Accidents, and in matters not 
particularly mentioned, Your Honour is pleased to referr me 
to my own resolves with the Advice of my Commission offi- 
cers, upon wliich Article I pray your Honours favour to be 
resolved, whether you Intended all y* Commission officers, or 
the Captains onely: This being all that offers at present, 
I Take leave to Subscribe ( most respectfully ) 
Hon^^'' Sir 

Your Honours 

most obed* humble Serv* 
Tho^ Westbrook 
Portsm" Jan: 24*^ 1722/3 



Lt. Gov. Bummer to Col"" Westbrook Jan. 31, 1722. 

Boston Jan'-y. 31, 1722 
S' 

I have received two Letters from you The First from 
Hampton of y® 22*^ inclosing Lieutt* Hilton's Journal, the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 469 

other from Portsmouth of y^ 24"' & I observe you have 
dispatch'd Orders for all the fforces to be at the Place of 
Rendezvous & that you intend to be att the Head of Them 
with y^ Utmost Expedition, of Which I hope you will not 
fail ; and when it shall please God you are there, that you 
will exert your self to improve y^ First oppertunity of put- 
ting your instructions in Execution especially since y*^ usual 
Season for Action is so far advanced that the least Omission 
or Delay may probabl} render the Whole Expence of this 
Wmters Campagne ineffectual & vain. 

You'l have a Sufficient Supply of Provision 'ere this All 
the Sloops being Doubtless at Casco. 

As to your Question relating to a Council of War ; You 
must call all the Captains, that are near, & if you have not 
enough to make five at the least call y® Eldest Lieu** 

Your fforces being to be divided Two Chaplains will be 
necessary & I would have you to call M'' Pierpont for the 
Service Which is All at present from Your Assured 

Frieind & Serv* 

W? Dummer 

Col" Westbrooke 



Johnson Harmon to 1} Gov. Dummer Feb. 25, 1722/3 

Augusta ffeb^y 25*? 1722/3 
S' 

Persuant to instructions from Colo' Westbrook I Received 
120 men Aquipt with Snowshoes Moginsons & Twenty Dayes 
provision to march up Ammoscoggin River &c. But after 
some dayes Travel I found the river was wholly broke up & 
y* Designed march frustreat. Heartily Sorry to See y^ Gov- 



470 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

erm* Disapointed in their Expectations, & willing to take the 
best methods the Season would allow of, I took the pilots 
advice & with y® concurrance of y® Officers, Divided into 
three partyes who have performed Several Scouts, an Ace" 
of which as well as y® reasons I could not march further into 
y* countrey, I herewith present to Your Honour & Shall 
Transmit the Same to Colo'. Westbrook gr the first. I have 
Given Orders to Cap* Heath to repeat his Marches from 
Kenebeck river to Ammoscoggin river & shall keep y^ rest of 
y® men continually moving with Expectation of Speedy 
Directions from your Honour or my Colon^ ( and have also 
ordered Capt Gookin to Repeat his marches from Casco River 
to Pussimscutt falls and from Thence to the Harry Sickett & 
to where as y? matt"^ Req" These 120 men y* I have the 
Honour to Command being most of them old Experienced 
Souldiers Its a great grief to their perticuler officers, & no 
less to my selfe, that wee were obliged to march into y® woods 
in such a Season when wee had not a rational prospect of 
doing Our Countrey Service. 

Four of my Souldiers Couming from Arrowsick the 
22*^ instant One of them viz George Cary fired his gun att A 
Tree & an other of y^ four called Samuel Stockbridge being 
up a brest with y'' Tree Shot at ( but three rod wid thereof ) 
thought he was safe ; nevertheless the bullet Struck a Tree & 
Glancing very Straingley did unhappily kill the s*^ Stock- 
bridge. Upon vewing y® place & Examining the Other 
Souldiers present, I am fully Convinced the fatall part of 
y^ action was purely Accidental, However I have confin? 
y^ man Slayer & pray your Honour will please to give 
Directions in y* matter. 

I am Your Honours Most 
Hum^'« Serv" 

Johnson Harmon 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 471 

Tho^ Westbrook to U Gov. Bummer Feb. 27, 1722 /S 

Burncoat Harbour - Feb7 1722/3 
May it please your Honour — 

These are to give You a short Ace* of my Proceedings since 
m}'- last w'^'' was y*^ 10*'' of this Instant: Since w*^** we have 
rang'd amongst y'^ Islands and on y® Main Land between 
Kennebeck River and y'' Eastermost Side of Mount Desart 
Bay & have met w"' nothing worth j'our Notice, save Num- 
bers of Wigwams on allmost every Island, & y® Main Land 
where we have rang'd w*^'' we judge were deserted in y® Fall : 
2 French Letters Inclosed w'^'' were found in John Deny's 
House, as also 2 small fire places at y^ head of Mount Desart 
Bay w'^'' we judge had been made about 3 or 4 Days, suppos- 
ing there might have been 4 or 5 Men, who we judge made 
no longer Abode there, than just to refresh themselves. 

We now lye at Burncoat Harbour & are ready to pro- 
ceed to Penobscot, waiting only for Wind and Weather, 
purposing after my Return from Penobscot to send you a 
compleat Journal of my Proceedings w*^'' I have allready 
attempted but was frustrated in my Designs of finishing it - 

Having examin'd y^ Quantity of our Provisions I find that 
we have not enough to last Us exceeding a Month. 

Our Whale-Boates are so shatter'd & Defective, that they're 
unfit for Men to venture their Lives in — 

We have not one Individual thing where withal to repair 
them, on y^ Behalf of w'^^ above mentioned particulars, I 
have sent a Sloop to y'^ Treasurer expecting a Supply from 
him ; & humbly pray that your Honour wou'd forward that 
Matter — 

By Reason of My Hurry, & for Want of Conveniences I 

can't give your Honour so particular an Acco* as I cou'd 

wish for — 

This being all at present I remain 

Most Hum^' & Obed* Serv^ 

Tho« Westbrook : — 



472 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

P. S. I send you y^ Letters just as 
I rec'^ them, supposing part of one 
of tliera was torn off before we found them. 
& pray that your Honour wou'd send me 
a Coppy of y^ Interpretation 
[ Endorsed ] 

Coll. Westbrooks Letf^ 

Feb. 27. & Mar. 3. 1722 
North Yarni": to have 

a Garrison alloAv'd 

Parker Setts forth that there are 

severell Garrison Houses 

Eben'' Boutel to be re- 
leased from the Service 



John Penhallow to L^ Grov. Dummer. 

Portsm° Feb' 28'^ 1722/3 

I left Coll: Westbrook y*^ ll*'^ Ins!: on Sabbath 
day night about 12 of y*^ Clock, I Accompanied him almost 
as far as Cape Newaggen, he proposed to get to Pemmequid 
before day, he had a fine Night, the weather Continued Very 
favourable, he had the benefit of y® Moon for above a Week 
after, he went w"' ab* 230 or 240 men in y* Boats, y® Sloops 
were to Sail in a day or two after, to Burnt Coat Harbour. 

Col : Westbrook w"^ y® Advice of His officers appointed 
me to Return, & Gave me Instructions to Settle the Garri- 
sons According to the appointment of y*^ Gen^ Court, w^*" 
have gone thro & fill'd up. Except three or four men at Cape 
porpouse, & One at Sauco ferry w*^^ will be done at my Return, 
I did not find Effective men En6 in those places Left to 
make up the Number According to my Instriuctions. Ber- 



i 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 473 

wick Scout Came in at Sauco falls when I was there, they 
were much out in their Judgm* as to a Direct Course, the 
Next day I order'd 'em Back & prevailed with One M"^ 
Stimpson to go their pilot & Six of Sauco falls Scout to 
Accompany 'em, to mark y* Trees ou y* Best Land in the 
most Direct Course for Berwick, I expect they are by this 
time Come in, & am this minute bound to Berwick to receive 
their Return, shall then make the Best of my way to S^ 
Georges, pursuant to Orders I have from Col. Westbrook, 
where I Expect to meet him, or further Orders. 

On the 18"' Inst. I meet Cap' Harmon, at the Plead of 
Casco Bay Near Harry Sicket River, who was Return'd from 
His March, there being no Snow in y^ w^oods, nor the rivers 
frozen they Could not go far, they went as far as Boonama- 
waaheege ponds, where the Enemy had not been for about 
five or six Months. 

Cap* Harmon then divided y® Army into three parts 
Cap* Heath was to Range upon Kennebeck river, he was not 
to be in, in 5, or six days after, Cap* Gookins was Come in 
upon y^ Head of Royals river, w"' no News. 

Powder, Ball & Flints are wanting for the Garrison at 
Falm?, Pappodoc, Spurwink, Black point, Sauco & Cape- 
porpouse, w'='^ please to Order to be sent to Casco & Winter 
Harbour by y® first Opportunity, to be given out to the 
several Garrisons 

I am SL y' Hon" Most Dutifull 
& Most Ob* Hum : Serv* 
John Penhallow 



Letter of William Hilton to Lieut. Crov. Bummer 
Feb. 28, 1722/3 

Burnt Cot harbor Feb"^ the 28, 1722/3 
May it Pleas Your Honer thes Comes to Aquaint You that 



474 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Joshua Norton one of my Men was Dismist by Cornall Wal- 
ton sum time in October last the Man not being fit for his 
Majestes serves and was sent hom to Salsbray and I am 
Enformed that thare is A man Emprest his Stead and sent 
to Boston by Cornall Noyes And base been thare Ever since 
for Ough 1 Know for I have Not Reseaved him nor hard of 
him of Late S" I thought it Reqoset to Inform Your Honer 
of it So I remain 

Your humbel servent at Command 

William Hillton ]^ 

[ Superscribed ] 
To His honer 
the Leftanant 
Govener Commander 
in Cheaf At 
Boston 
W. H. 



Lieut Gov. Bummer to Oapt. Johnson Harmon, 
March 8, 172^/3 

Boston S'^ March 1722/3 

Sir, 

I rec^ your Letters by the Express with the other 
Papers ; And I approve of your Proceedings, And think you 
have done the best you could for the Service, Since as you 
have sett forth the Openness of the Rivers & the Wetness of 
the Countrey rendered the Execution of my Orders for a 
March to Wedembeseck & Norridgewock impracticable. I 
would have you repeat y"'^ Marches & Scoutings upon the 
Rivers as high as you can, And in other places most likely 
to find the Enemy especially about the Grounds where the 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 475 

wounded Deer & Canoe were seen, untill further Orders, & 
not let the Men ly in Garrison any more than is necessary 
for their Refreshm* I am heartily sorry for the unhappy 
Disaster in the accidental Death of one of y^^ People ; I hope 
the Soldiers will be warn'd for the Time to come of such 
Carelessness & Folly, You must give strict Ord''^ that no 
Guns be fired but at the Enemy, Unless by the Leave & in 
the Presence of an Officer. The Man Slayer must be tried 
by a Court Martial, and I shall in a Short time give out a 
Commission for that Purpose. In the meantime tho you are 
to keep him under Restraint, You need not be veiy rigorous 
& severe to him, seeing you are fully convinced as you say 
that the Mischief was purely accidental. 

You have Liberty to come to Boston w" Coll. West- 
brook returns from his March taking Leave of him. 



Letter Lieut. Crov. Dummer to Capt. Penlialloiv. 



Sir 



I have Considered your Motion respecting Arrowsick 
and Can by no means Consent that either of the Garrisons 
be Slighted, which will be dishonourable to the Government. 
You must Command the Inhabitants into Garrison and allow 
each Fort a Sufficient Defence And when Coll Westbrook 
Can Spair the Men he will leave some recrutes with you. As 
I have Ordered him : As to the Fort at Small pount, I am 
sensible it is of Importance, And Should have gladly Con- 
tinued a Garrison there. If any Provision had bin made to 
Support it However I shall have this Matter Still in my 
thoughts 

YH' Serv" 
Boston March 20, 1723. W" Dummer 



476 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter from Josiah Willard, Secry to Capt. John Penhallow 
March 22, 1722/3 

W Denny has complained to the L! GovT that you don't 
allow him his Quota of Men according to y'' Instructions 
especially in Time of Danger, & that what then you do 
allow him are pick'd for the meanest & worst you have, And 
that when the Island is full of Soldiers you quarter more 
upon him than his Share ; His Hon*" bids me tell you that If 
this Information be true, He expects the Grievance be imme- 
diately redress'ed, And that M"" Denny have equal Justice 
done him with others both as to the Number & Quality of 
the Soldiers & that the Men you post at his Garrison be 
sober & orderly. 

Mar. 22. 1722/3 



INDKX. 



Abbott, 
John, 177. 
Joseph, 177. 
Thomas, 96. 
Walter, 177. 

Abombazen, .see Bomazeen. 

Acadia, Boundary Line, 85; men- 
tioned, 122, 190, 388, 426, 427, 
428. 

Adams, J., letter of, 460. 

Addington, Isaac, letter of, 73, 
294; mentioned, 3, 4, 5, G, 7, 8, 
9, 22, 23, 31, 32, 37, 39, 46, 47, 
56, 58, 61, 62, 72, 78. 80, 81, 84, 
85, 93, 94, 96, 97, 99, 102, 103, 
104, 105, 107, 119, 124, 128, 129, 
130, 131, 132, 1.37, 140, 144, 164, 
167, 169, 173, 188, 204, 205, 207, 
214, 217, 221, 223, 224, 231, 235, 
287, 288, 292, 308, 312, 313, 348. 

Address of Council and Represen- 
tatives to the Queen, 198. 

Adiawando, 145. 

Advertisement to Protect Forests, 
271. 

Agnascarangan River, 355. 

Aires, John, 74. 

Albany, Fort at, 89, 90; mentioned, 
38, 52, 53, 279, 294, 295, 321, 
332, 356, 442. 

Alcock, Job, 21. 

Alden, John, at Falmouth with 
soldiers, 14; to convey soldiers 
eastward, 40; to convey sol- 
diers and supplies to Casco, 61 ; 
under command of Church, 61; 
mentioned, 14. 

Alexander, William, 211, 426. 

Algier Trade, 294. 

AUding, John, 14; .see also, Alden, 
John. 

Allen \ Samuel, 156, 161, 182, 196, 

AUin / 197, 260, 305, 390. 
Walter, 176. 

Alliance with Maquas Indians. 22. 

Amee, John, 174. 

America, 68, 156, 162, 196, 212, 
213, 260, 344, .345, 350, 367, 370, 
414, 418, 433, 436, 438. 

Amesbury, 56, 186. 

Ammoscoggin River, 309, 469, 470. 

Andous, Thomas, 250. 



Andros, Edmund, 31, 123, 179, 450. 
Androscoggin Indians, 363. 
Annapolis Royal, 460. 
Appleton, 

Maj., 9, 10. 

John, 1.30. 

Samuel, Letter of, 2, 12, 

William, 2.39, 240. 
Appraisal of Shallop of Stovers, 

John, 299. 
Archdale, John, 389. 
Armstrong, 

Mr., .306. 

William, .347. 
Arrowsic, Fort at, 88; mentioned, 
352, .354, 360, 369, 377, 380, 446, 
455, 458, 459, 463, 464, 466, 470. 
Ashurst, Henry, 98, 121. 
Atkinson, Theodore, 2.33. 
Augusta, .345. 

Austin, Samuel, petition of, 80, 
81. 



B 



Bag LEY, James, 45. 
Baker, 

John, petition of, 99, 100, 101, 

102. 
William, 16. 
Bakers Spring, 313. 
Balch, David. 366. 
Ballard, Jarvis, 388. 
Balls, Samuel, 347. 
Bands, Joseph, 168. 
Bane ) Lewis, Petition of, 187, 188, 
Bean \ 215, 311, 312, 313, 315; taxes 
Been J remitted, 217; letter of, 
448; mentioned, 205, 214, 299, 
388, 424, 435, 449, 455, 457. 
Jonathan, 455. 

Joseph, petition of, 136, 137, 
162, 163; letter of, 338, 339; 
mentioned, 274, 275, 276, 289, 
290, 291, 301, 302, 317, 332, 341. 
Banfeild, Christopher, 176. 
Bank, the, 66, 323. 
Banks, 

Lieut, (of York), 327, .329. 
cutting, 190, 245. 
Barbar, Thomas, 277, 290, 291, 293. 
Barger, Phillip, 362, 387. 
Barker, Xehcmiah, 366. 



478 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Andrews, Elisha, letter of, 15; 
mentioned, 31, 43. 
Sio, 34. 

Barley, Price of, 75, 76. 

Bartlet, 

Nathan, 455, 
Robert, 37. 

Bassett, Capt., 138. 

Baston, Thomas, 203. 

Battiss, John (prisoner), 171. 

Baxter, Joseph, 374, 377, 378, 379, 
380. 

Bay of Fundy, 151, 190, 236, 333, 
336. 

Beal, Arthur, petition of, 213, 215; 
ferryman at York, 213, 214; 
desired pay for ferrying sol- 
diers, 214; paid, 214, 215. 

Beartree, 364. 

Bedle, David, 366. 

Been see Bane. 

Belcher, Andrew, to treat with 
Indians, 38, 50. 52; mentioned, 
129, 233. 

Bellomont, Earl of, death of, 110, 
112, 115; mentioned, 78, 80, 82, 
84, 85, 87, 98, 99, 100, 102, 103, 
121, 159. 

Bellomont's Bay, Fort at, 87. 

Beneent, Henry, 175. 

Bennett, Will, 29. 

Berwick, petitioned to be incor- 
porated, 104; Kittery notified, 
105; petitioned for help in 
maintaining a minister, 118, 
110; garrison at, decayed, 118; 
mentioned, 56, 64, 65, 77, 106, 
209, 247, 399, 407, 443, 455, 472, 
473. 

Bethen, Richard, 366. 

Beverley, 37. 

Beverly, Lenox, deposition of, 31. 

Biddeford, fort at, 460. 

Bigot, Vincent, proselyting, 109; 
ordered to leave the province, 
110. 

Billerica, 92, 119. 

Bills of credit to be issued, 126. 

Bimbellbe, Will, 44. 

Birkett, William, 347. 

Birkhead, William, 374. 

Bisco, Ezekill, 30. 

Black Point, garrison at, 179, 473; 

mentioned, 10, 160, 178, 179, 

233, 352. 
Black, William, 174. 
Blackdon, .James, 219. 
Bladen, Col., 440, 451. 
Blanchard, Joshua, 64. 



Blansher, 
Jacob, 250. 
Jonathan, 250. 
Blathwayt, William, 91, 390. 
Blore, Capt., 151. 
Bocer, Alexander, 45. 
Bomazeen, 327, 447, 457, 459. 
Boon Island, 299, 311. 
Boonamawaaheege Ponds, 473. 
Borland, Mr., 261. 
Borror, Robert, 30. 
Boston, 7, 11, 15, 19, 28, 31, 36, 41, 
42, 46, 49, 50, 52, 60, 61, 02, 63, 
67, 70, 73, 75, 76, 80, 82, 84, 87, 
88, 92, 95, 99, 100, 105, 110, 111, 
113, 114, 119, 122, 126, 128, 144, 
149, 152, 154, 160, 165, 179, 180, 
182, 202, 224, 229, 230, 231, 238, 
240, 241, 243, 251, 201, 262, 266, 
272, 274, 277, 278, 288, 289, 290, 
292, 294, 296, 298, 299, 302, 312, 
316, 317, 319, 320. 325, 328, 331, 
332, 334, 335, 339, 350, 353, 366, 
382, 383, 384, 397, 415, 417, 430, 
431, 432, 434, 437, 445, 456, 458, 
459, 4(j0, 462, 465, 467, 474, 475. 
Foot Regiment, 335. 
Horse and Foot, 257. 
Powder House, 262. 
Regiment, 3, 35, 36, 47. 
State House, 338. 
Bouden, Moses, 174. 
Boundaries, 97, 122, 312, 313, 430, 

431, 451. 
Bounties, for scalps, 4, 259; for 
killing Indians, 55; for captur- 
ing Indians, 180. 
Boutel, Ebenezer, 472. 
Boutineau, Stephen, 362. 
Bowdoin, James, 362. 
Boydle, Mr., 429. 
Boyer, John, petition of, 63. 
Bracket, Joshua, 387. 
Brackett, 

Anthonie, letter of, 15. 
Anthony, 31, 43. 
Mary, 3(32. 
Samuel, 176. 
Braddeen, James, 175. 
Bradstreet, Simon, letter of, 2; 
mentioned, 15, 29, 41, 56. 58, 61, 
62, 63. 
Bragdon, Arthur, 168. 
Bragendin, Capt., 25. 
Bramhall, George, letter of, 15; 

mentioned, 43. 
Brattle, Edward, 130, 131, 364. 
Brave Boat Harbor, 248. 
Brawn, George, 177. 
Brazil, 193. 



INDEX 



479 



Breastwork at Kittery, 467; see 
also Forts. 

Breton, Phillip, 362. 

Briant, Simon, 45. 

Briar, William, petition of, 205, 
206, 207; desired pay for ferry- 
ing soldiers, 206; paid, 207. 

Bridge, wanted at New Castle, 306. 

Bridger, John, letter of, 266, 272, 

298, 383, 397, 422, 424; men- 
tioned, 258, 200, 271, 281, 283, 

299, 384, 394, .395, 396, 397, 398, 
399, 401, 402, 403, 404, 405, 406, 
408, 409, 411, 412, 415, 423, 430, 
436. 

Bristol County, 100. 
Broad Cove, 386. 
Brocholt, Capt., 85. 
Brockets, Maj., 1. 
Bronifield, Edward, 74. 
Brookhoven, Mr., 1. 
Brooks, John, 177. 
Broughton, Capt., shot, 2. 
Brouillan, Mons. de, 460, 461. 
Brown, 

Charles, 428. 

Jno. sen., 15, 43. 

John { of Falmouth ), 362. 

Capt., John, 85. 

Browne, 

Capt., 101, 247. 

Benjamin, 120. 

Job, 45. 
Brovillan, Gov., 153, 181. 
Brunswick, 18, 356. 
Bull, Jonathan, to treat with 

Indians, 50, 52. 
Burchett, 

Mr., 433. 

J., 373. 
Burncoat Harbor, 471, 472, 473. 
Burnum, Bobert, 77. 
Burridge, William, 385. 
Burrill, John, 85, 86, 308, 312, 313, 

362, 388, 396, 397, 403. 
Bussbee, Jolin, 30. 
Butler, Thomas, 177. 
Bylield, Nathaniel, 94, 120, 124, 
129, 140, 183, 195. 



Cabot, Sabastian, 426. 

Cadiz, 409, 411. 

Cambridge, 8, 58, 79, 100, 130. 
College, 126. 

Canada, 19, 50; 51, 102, 186, 189, 
211, 212, 260, 274, 276, 279, 280, 
285, 294, 321, 326, 334, 338, 339, 



426, 427, 442, 446, 451, 458, 459, 
460, 462. 
River, 368. 
Canebunk River, 108. 
Canso, 432, 433, 440, 451; see also 

Cape Canso. 
Cape, 

Anawago, 87. 

Ann, 432. 

Breton, 348, 427, 428, 431, 432, 

440, 451. 
Canso, 428, 429, 432, 483, 440. 
Cod, 89, 181. 
Elizabeth, 178, 340. 
p:iizabeth Roads, 357. 
Neddick, 299. 
Newaggen, 472. 

Porpoise, garrison at, 473; men- 
tioned, 241, 352. 
Roziers, 427, 428, 429. 
Sable, fort at, 348; mentioned, 

32, 318. 
Sable Indians, 151. 
Sacantry, 354, 355, .370. 
St. Lawrence, 426, 427. 
Seconbie, 370. 
Captives, not redeemed, 186. 
Carolina, 211, 253, 282, 355, 356. 
Carver, 
— , 320. 
Capt., 340. 
Gary, 

Capt., 198. 
George, 470. 
Casco, 

Bay, 42, 60, 61, 62, 88, 133, 143, 
145, 151, 152, 164, 236, 237, 238, 
240, 242, 246, 262, 294, 301, 308, 
309, 327, 339, 361, 386, 434, 448, 
460, 466, 473. 
Fort at, 150, 152, 161, 180, 200, 
227, 308, 342; rendezvous, 152, 
153; trading house, 227; garri- 
son at, 473; mentioned, 1, 47, 
48, 49, 56, 57, 62, 71, 133, 156, 
157, 158, 171, 178, 238, 263, 273, 
290, 300, 301, 302, 310, 315, 319, 
320, 331, 340, 341, 460, 469. 
Harbor, 241. 
River, 470. 
Case, Samuel, 387. 

Cassot, , 332. 

Castine, 

Baron de, 808, 866. 
Destroyed, 190. 
Castle Island, 88, 113, 170, 171, 199, 
227. 

Cayouges, 50. 

Certificate of Willard, Simon, 160. 



480 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Champnie, Morrice, deposition of, 
454; mentioned, 364, 365. 

Chaplain, to reside at Castle Island, 
171. 

Chard, Allen, 32, 33. 

I, 343', 358, 369, 389, 427, 437. 

II, 155, 359, 389, 391. 
River, 358. 

Charlestown, 37, 64, 80, 464. 
Chaufour, Mons. de, 461. 
Chebea-)j J ^ 
Cheboog J ♦ 

Checkley, Samuel, 139. 
Chelmsford, 36. 
Chelsea College, 345. 
Cheney, Thomas, 366. 
Chesley, 

Capt., 244. 

Israel, 210. 

Philip, 210. 
Chestnut Country, 64, 65. 
Chick, 

Richard, 177. 

Thomas, 177. 
China, Will, 44. 

Church, Benjamin, to hire Indians, 
5; order to, 61; mentioned, 25, 
56, 62, 64, 66, 71, 189, 190. 
Cittire, 186; see also Kittery. 
Clap, William, 387. 
Clai)board Island, 435. 
Clark, 

Elisha, 175. 

John, 287, 288. 

Thaddeus, 31, 43. 

Timothy, 95. 
Clarke, 

John, 385. 

Lieut., 14, 40. 

Thomas, 352, 353. 
Clark's Island, fort at, 88. 
Coale, see Cole. 

Cocheco, garrison at, 9, 37; men- 
tioned, 3, 12, 57, 65, 73, 76, 92, 
322, 323, 324, 330, 331. 
Codfish, 256. 
Coffin, 

James, 130. 

Mr., 282. 

Peter, 23. 
Coinage, Copper, 346. 
Cole, 

John, 174. 

William, 325, 329. 
Collar, Richard, 387. 
College at Cambridge, 126. 
Collins, Mr., 283, 298. 
Come, Samuel, 455. 



Commission to Swayne, Jeremiah, 
45. 

Committee to prosecute settle- 
ments, 351. 

Connecticut, 
to be asked to assist in expedi- 
tion against Indians, 4, 6; 
mentioned, 50, .52, 91, 153, 181, 
185, 189, 191, 253, 335, 418. 
River, 134, 179, 180, 189, 190, 191. 

Converse, James, petition of, 82, 
83; letter of, 98; mentioned, 
47, 57, 58, 78, 80, 81, 84, 85, 92, 
93, 96, 119, 120, 127, 128, 129, 
130, 132, 1.37, 138, 139, 140, 144, 
164, 167, 169, 173, 188, 204, 205, 
207. 

Cooke, 

Elisha, 70, 85, 120, 123, 129, 383, 
384, 397, 415, 416, 418, 419, 420, 
421, 422, 423, 425, 436. 
James, 12. 

Cooper, John, 176. 

Copper Coinage, 346. 

Coram, Thomas, letter of, 342, 344; 
proposals ^f, 345, 347; memo- 
rial of, 357, 361; mentioned, 
358. 

Corizo, 48. 

Corn, 
price of, 75, 76. 
lands, dykes, 190, 245. 

Cornbury,' Edward Hyde, 134, 190, 
191, 196. 

Cornwall County, 345. 

Corwin, Jonathan, 120, 130. 

Cotton, 
Jno., 365. 
William, 385. 

Cotton wool, 146. 

Council of Plymouth, 367. 

Cradouer, Joseph, 175. 

Craggs, J., letter of, 441. 

Cranston, Samuel, 154. 

Crockett, Joseph jr., 175. 

Crofts, Capt., 156. 

Cromwell, 
Oliver, 427. 
Philip, 26. 

Crowe, Josias, 121. 

Cudworth, Lieut., 246. 

Cullins, Richard. 428. 

Curtis, Joseph, 455. 

Cushing, T., 365. 

Cushion, Mr., 96. 

Cutler, Jno., to be examined, 171, 
172. 

Cutt, Richard, 176. 



INDEX 



481 



D 

Damarascot River, 87. 
Damarascove, fort at, 87. 
Danell, James, 29. 
Danford, 

Francis, 387. 

John, 387. 

Jonathan, 387. 

Thomas, 387. 
Danforth, Thomas, letter of, 22, 

23; mentioned, 63, 70. 
Daniel, Samuel, ld8. 
Dartmouth, 264, 265. 

Lord, 335. 
Davis, 

Capt., 323, 324, 328, 330, 331. 

Elisha, 420. 

Shubael, 21. 

Silvanus, sent soldiers to North 
Yarmouth, 14; letters of, 14, 
32, 37, 40, 43, 48, 60; men- 
tioned, 31, 41, 43, 50, 59. 
Davisson, Maj., 96. 
Day, John, petition of, 63. 
De la Tour, Mons., 427. 
Deerfield, garrison at, 180; men- 
tioned, 263. 
Delaware River, 89, 256. 
Denham, Jonathan, 30. 
Deniford, Walter, 175. 
Denison, William, 1.39. 
Dennet, John, 307. 
Denny, Mr., 476. 
Deny, John, 471. 
Depositions : — 

Bevely, Lenox, 31. 

Bridger, John, 416, 417. 

Champnie, Morrice, 454. 

Pearce, George, 451, 452. 

Pearce, John, 364, 365, 452, 454. 

Richard, jr., 363, 364, 365. 

Plaisted, Samuel, 415. 
Derby, Jno., 32, 33. 
Devonshire, 

England, 437. 

Maine, 353. 
Dikes, corn lands, 190, 245. 
Dimmick, Capt., 246. 
Dimond, Thomas, 219. 
Df)ngan, Tliomas, 359. 
Donnell, Samuel, 85. 
Dover, 330. 

Downing, Joshua, .325, 329. 
Dows, John, 34. 
Dry Pound Meadows, 364. 
Dudley, 

Joseph, letter of, 145, 150, 157, 
160, 179, 184, 189, 198, 229, 231, 
243, 250, 251, 265, 278, 280, 289, 



290, 291, 292, 293, 317, 319, 320, 
332, 334, 335, .338; speeches of, 
162, 185, 209, 217, 225, 228, 232, 
235, 248, 296, 297, 302; men- 
tioned, 27, 135, 143, 149, 164, 
170, 172, 187, 201, 204, 205, 207, 
210, 211, 213, 215, 219, 224, 236, 
238, 234, 246, 249, 273, 275, 287, 
300, .308, 309, 310, 311, 313, 315, 
316, 322, 324, 325, 327, 328, 329, 
331, 339, 340, 342, 400, 461. 
Paul, 460, 462. 
William, letter of, 238, 239, 244. 

Dufcolliaun, Capt., letter of, 229; 
master of French sloop, 229. 

Dujary, 374. 

Dummer, 
Jeremiah, letter of, .348, 349, 449, 
451; mentioned, 357, 359, 366, 
367. 
Jeremv, petition of, 18, 19. 
William, letter of, 468, 469, 472; 
mentioned, 437, 473, 474, 475. 

Dunkirk, 212. 

Dunstable, troops sent to, 8. 

Dunwitt, Henry, 16. 

Dutch, the, 50. 

Duties, 95, 97, 200, 262, 282, 288. 

Dyes, 254. 

E 

Easly, Capt., 145. 
East, 

John, 387. 
New Jersey, 89, 91. 
Eaton, Capt., 324. 
Echawonack River, 108. 
Edwards, Joshua, 366. 
Eeds, Peter, a mason at Winter 
Harbor, 250; mentioned, 286, 
287. 
Egglestone, Hezekiah, 365. 
Eliot, Robert, 2.50. 
Elizabeth, Queen, 212. 
Elwell, Hezekiah, 175. 
Emerson, Mark, 16. 
Emery, 

Daniel, 174, 177. 
James, 105. 
Job, 170. 
Samuel, 173. 
Endle, Richard, 175. 
Engals, Jno., 66. 

England, 50, 51, 86, 121, 122, 123, 
195, 200, 211, 213, 227, 254, 255, 
256, 257, 259, 200, 303, 315, 333, 
337, 3()7, 369, 374, 380, 389, 391, 
396, 403, 411, 427, 438, 449, 461. 
Church of, 192. 



31 



482 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



English, the, 18, 23, 26, 29, 50, 51, 
86, 114, 124, 150, 179, 184, 199, 
212, 227, 229, 254, 303, 317, 318, 
333, 337, 356, 363, 369, 380, 440, 
442, 446, 447, 448, 456, 460, 461. 

couAty, 319, 363, 365, 454. 

lower regiment, 3, 35, 36, 47. 

upper regiment, 3, 35, 36, 46, 47. 
Europe, 148, 254, 296, 318, 336. 
Evans, 

John, 288. 

Stephen, 213. 
Exeter, 26. 
Eylons, Richard, 298. 



F 



Factories, 86. 
Falmouth, 

garrison at, 41, 42; fort at, 435, 
473; mentioned, 11, 31, 32, 40, 
58, 386, 387, 423, 434, 448, 463, 
464. 
Kings Street, 424. 
Meeting House, 424, 435. 
Felt, George, 362. 
Fennicke, John, 175. 
Ferry, 

atKittery, 206. 
at York, 213, 
Firs, 211, 350. 
Fisher, Abraham, 48. 
Fisheries, 85, 86, 88, 90, 122, 156, 
212, 254, 256, 343, 344, 348, 361, 
427, 432, 433, 434, 435, 441. 
Five Nations, the, 53, 191, 280. 
Flax, 349. 
Fletcher, 
Lieut., 17. 

Pendleton, letter of, 466. 
Flumkius, Capt., 282. 
Fog, Dannell, 174. 
Fontainne, 428. 
Forces, 

the military, see soldiers, 
representation of, of 1707, 246. 
Ford, John, 174. 
Forests, act for preservation of, 

414. 
Forrist, Will, 44. 

Forts, report of council in relation 
to, 86; location of, 87, 88, 89, 
90, 91; none in New Jersey or 
Pennsylvania, 89; not needed 
in Maryland and V'irginia, 89, 
90; necessity of, in Maine, 90; 
necessary in New Y'ork, 90; 
stores for, derived from home 



government. 111, 112, 125; peo- 
ple to bear the charge of, 113, 
117; ordnance needed, 122, 183, 
191; lines at Boston, 126; plans 
of all, 183, 184; grant for, in 
New Hampshire, 195; ord- 
nance sent, 199; not all prov- 
inces assist in maintaining, 
200; rules concerning, 247; 
cost of erecting, 346, 348; see 
garrisons. 
Fort, 

at Albany, 89, 90. 

at Arrowsic, 88. 

at Bellomont's Bay, 87. 

at Biddeford, 466. 

at Cape Sable, 348. 

at Casco, 88, 150, 152, 153, 158, 
161, 164, 171, 180, 200, 227, 262, 
263, 302, 308, 320, 339, 342. 

at Clark's Island, 88. 

at Damarascove, 87. 

at Falmouth, 14, 41, 42, 43, 48, 
88, 435, 473. 

at Fryars Island, 88. 

at Great Island, 88. 

at Kittery, 467. 

at Marblehead, 157, 261, 262, 

at New Castle, 158, 159, 178, 189, 
261, 262, 306, 338. 

at New Town, 87, 88. 

at New York, 89. 

at Onondage, 89. 

at Pigwacket, 141, 142. 

at Pemaquid, 1, 31, 66, 87, 90, 98, 
113, 117, 125, 130, 131, 1.32, 133, 
13o, 137, 138, 139, 169, 170, 183, 
199, 200, 201, 225, 226, 227. 

at Piscataqua, 88, 95, 113, 117, 

148, 156, 199,200, 225, 220, 227. 
at Port Royal, 236, 237, 241. 

at Saco, 88, 136, 142, 152, 163, 172, 

247, 262, 203. 
at Sagadahoc, 87. 
at St. John's Harbor, 86. 
at Salem, 261, 262. 
at Salmon Falls, 77. 
at Schenectady, 89, 90. 
at Small Point, 475. 
at Wells, 152. 

at Winter Harbor, 88, 250, 286. 
at Wood Creek, 279. 
at Wood Island, 88. 
Castle William, 88, 113, 126, 148, 

149, 170, 171, 199, 227, 261, 262, 
285, 287, 338. 

George, 356, 442. 
Loyal, 29. 
Mary, 136. 
Foster, John, 96, 120, 124. 



INDEX 



483 



Foy, James, 175. 

France, 19, 156, 254, 337, 348, 428, 

446, 450, 451, 459. 
Francopuelle, 374. 
Freese, Jacob, 362. 
French, the, 19, 39, 40, 50, 51, 86 
90, 92, 97, 115, 122, 125, 134 
138, 145, 150, 151, 152, 153, 178 
180, 186, 189, 190, 211, 213, 230 
236, 252, 254, 256, 259, 264, 296 
302, 303, 315, 317, 333, 337, 343 
344, 348, 361, 367, 373, 376, 382 
426, 431, 432, 440, 451, 457, 461 
462. 
Frey, Joseph, 187, 
Friars, say mass in army, 153; 
reside at Norridgewock, 161; 
mentioned, 339, 442, 447; see 
also priests. 
Frinck, George, 455. 
Frink, John, 175. 
Frost, 

Charles, his garrison, 77; letter 
of, 20, 21, 28, 29; mentioned, 
17, 18, 25, 65, 96, 104, 230, 351, 
399, 404, 443. 
John, 208, 219. 
John, I. F., 219. 
Fry, William, 174. 
Fryars Island, fort at, 88. 
Fryer, Mr., 65, 147. 
Fullford, 

Elizabeth, 452, 4.53. 
Francis, 452, 453, 454. 
Richard, 363, 364. 
Mrs. Richard, 363. 
Richard sen., 453, 454. 
Furs, 254. 



G 



Gage, Edmund, 174. 

Gale, Azor, 387, 452, 454. 

Gardner, Andrew, 47, 57, 66, 77. 

Garich, Joseph, 150. 

Garrisons, 
deserted by soldiers, 37, 39; to 
be settled, 56, 73; not to be 
left unmanned, 57; Indian 
spies at, 60; to be manned by 
residents, 74; those who liold 
them to be heli)ed by those 
benefited, 217; to be aug- 
mented, 218; rules concern- 
ing, 247; fifty small, 262; 
inhabitants must enter, 475; 
too many quartered on one 
man, 476. 



Garrisons, 

at Berwick, 77. 

at Black Point, 179, 473. 

at Cape Porpoise, 473. 

at Casco, 301, 310, 315, 339, 473. 

at Cocheco, 9, 37. 

at Deerfield, 180. 

at Falmouth, 41, 42. 

at Kittery, 77, 247. 

at North Yarmouth, .38, 472. 

at Papooduck, 473. 

at Pemaqi.id, 16, 17. 

at Port Royal, 181, 190, .374. 

at Saco, .37, 109, 218, 339, 473. 

at Sagadahoc, 15, 16. 

at Small Point, 475. 

at Spurwink, 473. 

at Thoils Point, 463. 

at Wells, 77, 88, 215, 216, 247, 
326, 327, 328. 

at Winter Harbor, 473. 

at York, 88, 215, 216, 247. 

Burnums, 77. 

Frosts, 77. 

Gerrish's, 9, 77. 

Heards, 77. 

Hunnewells, 11. 

W' heelwrights, 326, 327, 328. 

Woodmans, 77. 

see forts. 
Gear, John, 175. 
Gee, John, -58. 
Gefferses, Mrs. Mary, 274. 
Gellison, Nicholas, 177. 
Gendall ) ,r ^ 
Gendle, P""^-' 11- 
George, 

I, 380, 382, 384, 434. 

John, 437. 

Town, 18, 354, 449, 462, 463, 464. 
Gerell, killed at North Yarmouth, 

38. 
German, John, petition of. 143, 

144; mentioned, 150. 
Gerrish, 

Benjamin, 36. 

John, his garrison, 77; men- 
tioned, 9. 

.Joseph, 150. 
Gilbert, 

Humphrey, 212. 

John, 366. 

Joseph, 366. 
Gill, 

Samuel sen., petition of, 186. 

Samuel jr., 186. 
Goen, Nicholas, 177. 
Gold, Benjamin, 160. 
Gooch, Capt., 214. 



484 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Goodaridg, 
John, 186. 
Joseph, 186. 
Goodridge, Josiah, 176. 
Gookin, Capt., 470, 473. 
Gordeau, Mons., 189. 
Gorden, Mons., 189. 
Gorges, 

Sir Ferdinando sen., 380, 400, 

437. 
Ferdinando jr., 388, 389, 390, 
391, 392, 393, 437. 
Gorham, John, 130, 131. 
Gorsey, Nicolas, .30. 
Gouge, James, petition of, for 

Wells, 103, 104. 
Gourdon, Jaque, 460. 
Government of Province of Maine, 

23. 
Gowen, 

Mrs. Elizabeth (vridow), 177. 
Lemuel, 177. 
Nicolas, 118. 
Grant, Peter, 176. 
Graves, Capt., 335. 
Gray, 

Capt., 4.56, 4.57. 
Robert, 176. 

Grayham, , .359. 

Great Britian, 2-54, 255, 267, 280, 
285, 288, 297, 321, 333, 336, 337, 
341, 345, 358, 361, 375, 381, 426, 
426, 427, 428, 434, 461. 
Great Island, fort at, 88; men- 
tioned, 160. 
Great Pond, 369. 
Greenleaf, 
Capt., 92. 
Daniel, petition for Isle of 

Shoals, 220; mentioned, 221. 
Stephen, 13. 
Grist mill to be erected by Pep- 

perrell, 248, 249. 
Groton, 46, 47, 54, 56, 65, 77, 78, 

79. 
Gubtail, Thomas, 176. 
Gugch, Mr., 277. 
Gulf of St. Lawrence, 368, 427. 
Gullison, Mr., 1. 
Gumer, Richard, 219. 
Gunnison, 

Elihu, 43, 176, 455. 
Elisha, 31. 
Gustin, John, 387. 
Gyles, John, letter of, 355, 356, 
442, 456. 

H 

Hackins, Thomas, 33. 



Haines, Thomas, 362. 

Haley, , widow, 175. 

Hall, 

, 432. 

Daniel, 347. 

Capt. Nathaniel, 47, 48, 49, 56, 

61, 62. 
Haly, William, 387. 
Hambleton, Gabriel, 176. 
Hamborough, 254. 
Hamilton, 

Duchess of, 368. 

Duke of, 360, 368, 369, 371. 
Hammond, 

Capt., 58, 65. 

Maj. Joseph, letters of, 443, 445, 
petition of, 95, 233, 234, 235; 
mentioned, 21, 96, 203, 248, 
250, 351, 455. 

Hammons, Mrs. , widow, 175. 

Hampshire, 56. 

Regiment, 35. 

West, 209. 
Hampton, 26, 428. 
Harleoo, Frances, 177. 
Harmon, 

Capt., , 325, 329. 

Johnson, 309, 310, 330, 469, 470, 
474. 

Joseph, 455, 473. 
Harris, Job, 387. 
Harry Sicket River, 473. 
Hart, 

Elias, 387. 

.Joseph, 443, 

Mrs. Joseph, 443. 
Hartford, 180, 189. 
Harvard College, 126. 
Hatch, Samuel, 203. 
Hatfield, 180, 322. 
Hathorne, see Hawthorne. 
Haverhill, 24, 25, 36, 46, 47, 54, 56, 
64, 248. 

Hawkins, , 22. 

Hawthorne, John, 120, 130, 131, 
135, 157. 

Heard, Capt. , .329. 

Heard's Garrison, 77. 
Heath, Capt. Joseph, relieved of 
his command, 247; letter of, 
446, 447 ; mentioned, 470, 473. 
Hemp, 184, 212, 269, 344, 345, 349. 
Henderson, Ebenezer, 366. 
Henrietta Maria, Lady, 426. 
Henry VII, 426. 
Hesh, George, 34. 
Heth, see Heath. 
Higginson, John, 213, 362, 365. 
Hill, 

, 237, 289. 



INDEX 



485 



Hill, 

Jno., 29, 34, 35, 250. 

John, 9G, 174, 176, 177, 208. 

Joseph, petition of, 215; taxes 
remitted, 217; mentioned, 203, 
388, 424, 435. 

Zacriha, 44. 
Hilton, 

Richard, 210. 

Waldron, 282. 

Winthrop, journal of, 140, 141, 
142; mentioned, 210, 242, 244, 
245, 302. 

William, letters of, 473, 474; 
mentioned, 428. 
Hinckley, Thomas, 70, 85. 
Hinks, Mr. — , 178. 
Hobby, Mr. — , 12. 
Hogg Island, 452, 453. 
Hold, Eben, 387. 
Holden, Stephen, petition of, 77. 
Holland, 2.54. 
Holmes, Thomas, 177. 
Hood, Thomas, escaped prisoner, 

172. 
Hooke, 

Capt. — , 65. 

Francis, 21, 29. 
Hooper, Thomas, 175. 
Hopkinson, William, 16. 
Hornabrook, John, reported dev- 
astation by Indians, 179. 
Huhard, Mr. — , 329. 
Hudson, Jonathan, 362. 
Hudson River, 89. 
Hudson's Bay, 86. 

Company, 86. 
Hunckings, Mark, 304. 
Hunking, Capt. — , 342. 
Hunlen, Hend, 322. 
Hunnewell, 

Charles, 16. 

Richard, 11. 
Ilutchings, 

Thomas, 106, 167. 

Benjamin, petition of, 186. 

Jonathan, 186. 
Hutchinson, 

Edward, letter of, 449; men- 
tioned, 352, 354, 371. 

Eliakim, 74, 94, 96, 120, 124, 130. 

Elisha, 85, 92, 96, 97, 120, 123, 
130, 244, 246. 



Indians, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10, 14, 16, 
17, 18, 19, 20, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 
29, 35, 38, 39, 40, 45, 48, 50, 51, 



52, 53, 55, 56, 57, 59, 60, 61, 63, 
64, 65, 66, 68, 70, 71, 77, 79, 82, 
83, 90, 92, 98, 100, 101, 103, 110, 
114, 115, 117, 122, 124, 125, 133, 
134, 138, 140, 141, 142, 145, 150, 
151, 152, 153, 157, 160, 163, 164, 
165, 170, 172, 178, 179, 180, 181, 
183, 186, 189, 199, 210, 211, 215, 
227, 241, 243, 245, 252, 254, 256, 
259, 260, 263, 269, 274, 275, 277, 
279, 284, 289, 291, 293, 296, 297, 
301, 302, 308, 315, 316, 317, 318, 
321, 326, 327, 329, 330, 332, 334, 
336, 337, 338, 339, 340, 342, 344, 
355, 356, 358, 363, 364, 367, 369, 
370, 371, 375, 376, 377, 378, 379, 
380, 381, 382, 429, 432, 440, 442, 
443, 444, 445, 446, 447, 448, 449, 
451, 452, 454, 455, 456, 457, 458, 
459, 460, 461, 462, 463, 464, 465. 
friendly, 8, 9, 38, 61, 78, 110, 134, 
185, 254. 

Ingersol) 

Ingerson J ' ' 

Elisha, 387. 

George, letter of, 15; mentioned, 
31, 43, 362. 

Instructions, 

for messengers to Albany, 38. 
for Moodey, Capt. Samuel, 332. 
for Swayne, Jeremiah, 54. 

Ipswich, 9, 36, 79. 

Ireland, 419; the Rapparees of, 
152. 

Iron, 256. 

Island Breton, 427, 428. 

Isle of Shoals, French shallop near, 
156; petition of, 218; poverty 
at, 219; a preacher desired at, 
220; a larger part of in New 
Hampshire, 221; help for and 
minister's support sent to, 221. 



Jackson, Thomas, petition of, 

102, 103. 
Jacob, George, 299, 300. 
Jamaica, 134, 148, 149, 198. 
James, 

I, 211, 426, 437. 

II, 343, 359, 369. 
Capt. , 245. 

Jaffrey \ ,, „ lo 040 

Jeffries / ^^- ' ^^^' ^^• 

David, petition of, 287, 288. 

George, 146, 259, 282. 

Nathan, 229. 
Jaffryl, George, 342. 



486 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Jersey, 211. 

Jesuits, the, 51, 125, 337, 374, 382, 
440, 447, 458, 459, 462, 463, 464, 
465. 
Jewett, Nehemiah, 96, 97, 107, 119, 
120, 124, 139. 

John, Capt. , (Indian), 452, 

453, 457. 
John's Island, 87. 
Johnson, 

Samuel, 174, 175. 
Sanni, 107. 
Jones, 

Capt. , 466. 

, of Spurwink River, 178. 

Daniel, 175. 
Ricliard, 347, 387. 
Jordan, 

Jeditliah, 175. 
Jeremiah, 160. 
Mrs. Jeremiah, 235. 
Journal of Hilton, Winthrop, 140, 

141, 142. 
Jovis, 52. 



K 

Kelly, Elisha, 219. 

Kennebec, 275, 302, 336, 357, 464. 
Indians, 45, 315, 363, 446. 
River, 87, 156, 190, 294, 307, 345, 
348, 349, 354, 355, 309, 370, 380, 
389, 428, 449, 450, 470, 471,473. 

Kennebunk River, 108. 

Kenting, Isaac, 44. 

Key, Andrew, 177. 

King, 

John, 175, 387. 
Richard, 307. 

Kirk, Sir David, 426, 427. 

Kittery, notified of a petition to 
divide the town, 105; title of 
uncertain, 108; garrison at 
decayed, 118; on sustaining a 
minister at, 118, 119, 307; 
selectmen of, 176, 208; ferry 
at, 206; desired taxes abated, 
207, 208; taxes abated, 223, 
224, 234; Pepperrell to build 
a mill at, 248, 249; boundaries 
of, 312, 313; fort to be built 
at, 467; mentioned, 13, 20, 21, 
77, 92, 90, 186, 233, 247, 288, 
399, 404, 455, 467. 

Kye, John, 455. 



Laiten, , goodman, 176. 



Lake, 
Sir Bibye, memorial of, 352; 
lands claimed by, 354, 359, 369; 
mentioned, 370, 371. 
Thomas, 352, 353. 
Lamprey River, 330. 
Lancaster, troops sent to, 8; In- 
dians at, 186. 
Lane, 

Capt. , 319, 325, 327, 329. 

John, letters of, 325, 326, 3.57. 
Larrabee } n ■ ■ cto n-ro oo^-t 
Larriby J ^enjamm, 273, 278, 387. 

Benjamin jr., 387. 

Lathrop, , 236. 

Lawrence, 

Capt. , 194, 198. 

Mr. , 34. 

Robert, 43. 
Leather, 256. 

Lee, Mrs. , her child ex- 
changed, 59. 
Leerpoot, 245. 
Le Flibu, 190. 
Leighton, 

Col. , 406, 410, 413. 

John, 208, 351, 424, 435. 
William, 455. 
Letters, 
of Adams, J., 400. 
of Addington, Isaac, 73, 294, 295. 
of Andrews, Elisha, 15. 
of Appleton, Samuel, 12. 
of Assembly of Maryland, 67. 
of Bane, Joseph, 338, 339. 
of Bane, Lewis, 448. 
of Bridger, John, 266, 272, 298, 

383, 397, 417, 422, 424. 
of Commissioner of Indian 

Affairs, 321. 
of Converse, James, 98. 
of Coram, Edward, 342. 
of Craggs, J., 441. 
of Danforth, Thomas, 22. 
of Davis, Silvanus, 32, 34, 37, 40, 

43, 48, 60; and others, 14. 
of Dudley, Joseph, 125, 145, 150, 
157, 160, 179, 184, 189, 198, 229, 
231, 243, 250, 251, 265, 278, 286, 
289, 290, 291, 292, 293, 317, 319, 
320, 332, 334, 335, 338. 
of William, 238, 244. 

of Dufcolliaun, Capt. , 229, 

of Dummer, Jeremiah, 348, 394, 

449. 
of Dummer, William, 468, 469, 

471, 474, 476. 
of Fletcher, Pendleton, 466. 
of Frost, Charles, and others, 20. 
of governor and council, 11. 



INDEX 



48Y 



Letters, 

of Gyles, John, 355, 356, 442, 

456. 
of Hammond, Joseph, 443, 445. 
of Harmon, Johnson, 470. 
of Heath, Joseph, 446. 
of Hilton, William, 473. 
of Hutchinson, Edward, 449. 
of Lane, John, 325, 357. 
of Littlefield, Josiah, 276, 277, 

278. 
of Lowndes, W., 430. 
of March, John, 242. 
Martyn, Kichard, and others, 67. 
of Minot, John, 446, 447. 
of Moody, Samuel, 274, 275, 290, 

291, 300, 301, 302, 310, 315, 316, 

317, 339, 462, 463, 464. 
of Noyes, Thomas, 272. 
of Penhallow, 472. 
of Pepperrell, William jr., 467. 
of Pike, Robert, 24, 25, 273. 
of Plaisted, Elisha, .326. 
of Plaisted, Ichabod, 32S, 329. 
of Prout, Joseph, 58. 
of Rale, Sabastian, .334. 
of Robinson, Andrew, 292. 
of Roisted, Ichabod, and others, 

209, 210. 
of Romer, Wolfgang William, 

157, 159, 160. 
of Scottow, Thomas, 10. 
of Selectmen of Berwick, 104. 
of Shannon, Nathaniel, 432. 
of Shcafe, Sampson, 349, .351. 
of Sherborn, Samuel, 20. 
of Shute, Samuel, 363, 374. 
of Smart, Capt., 433. 
of soldiers, 19. 

of Southack, Cyprian, 430, 431. 
of Stoughton, William, 110, 111, 

114, 117. 
of Stuck ley, Charles, 2.39, 240. 
of Swayne, Jeremiah, 56, 64, 65, 

76. 
of Thompson, William, 371. 
of Usher, John, 303, 304, 306. 
of Vaughan, George, 331, 440, 

441. 
of Vaughan, William, 9, 
of Wainwright, Francis, 236, 238, 

245. 
of Waldron, Richard, 9, 322, 323, 

324, 325, 327, 330. 
of Walton, Shadrach, 178. 
of Walton, Thad, 308. 
of Weems, James, 1, 16. 
of Wentworth, John, 240, 242, 

429, 457, 459, 465. 
of West, Richard, 436, 440. 



Letters, continued. 

of Westbrook, Thpmas, 40S, 471. 

of Wheelwright, John, 325, 326, 
454, 455. 

of Whittemore, Pela, 2.33. 

of Willard, Josiah, 476. 

of Wyman, Jacob, 107, 108. 
Leverett, John, 81, 86, 93, 94, 95, 

99, 102, 103, 104, 244, 246. 
Libbe, 

David, 174. 

Matthew. 174. 
Limerick, Earl of, 98. 
Linen, 256, 257. 
Lines, Joseph, 108. 
Lisbon, 180. 
Little River, 407. 

Littlefield, Josiah, letters of, 276, 
277, 278; mentioned, 203, 274, 
275, 289, 290, 291, 293, 302, 303. 
Livingston, Robt.. 52. 
Llewellin, John, 69. 
Logwood, 254. 
London, 114, 255, .344, 440, 441, 451. 

Admiralty Office, 372. 

Swan, the, 351. 

Temple Gate, 351. 

Treasury Chambers, 430. 

Water Lane, 351. 

Whitehall, 90, 210, 271, 349, .390, 
441. 

Longfellow, , 289. 

Lord, 

Jno'., 29. 

Martha, widow, 176. 

Thomas, 37. 
Lothrop, Barnabas, 130. 
Lovell, 

John, .387. 

Simon, 387. 

Lowle, Mr. , 242. 

Lowndes, W., letters of, 425, 430. 

Luffkin, Jacob, 84. 

Lumber, 95, 156, 253, 254, 255, 256, 

361. 
Lynde, Joseph, 120, 123, 130. 
Lynn, 2, 66. 

M 

Maciianeok, 52. 

Machligh, Pen, 52. 

Mackerill, 256. 

Macplieadris \ Capt. Archibald, 

Mapheden J 399, 405, 409, 410, 

411, 41.5, 416. 
MadochawHHidoe, 31. 
Magellan's Strait, 212. 
iSIaliikanders, the, 50. 
Maine, vindication of the rights of 



488 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Massachusetts to, 388; men- 
tioned, 11, 2;3, 29, 31, 40, 45, 60, 
73, 76, 77, 88, 90, 98, 124, 125, 
127, 145, 151, 152, 156, 157, 159, 
167, 181, 185, 189, 209, 215, 202, 
348, 349, 350, 357, 367, 308, 371, 
372, 373, 383, 384, 389, 392, 393, 
400, 408, 414, 415, 416, 418, 419, 
421, 436, 437. 
Melem, Joseph, 362. 
Manufactures, 256, 257, 269. 
Maquas, the, 38, 50, 65, 181, 191, 

211, 279, 280, 303, .336. 
Marblehead, 37, 66, 157, 261, 262, 

303, 364, 452, 454. 
March, John, petition of, 164, 167; 
commander at Casco Bay, 164; 
amount of his losses, 165, 166; 
petition granted, 167; letterof, 
242; mentioned, 24, 25, 1.50, 
187, 238, 240, 241, 242, 243, 244. 
Mariner, 
Adam, 387, 
James, .362, 387. 
Joseph, 362. 
Marion, Joseph, 362. 
Marks, 

of Bethen, Rich, 366. 
of Gilbert, Joseph, 366. 
of Oakman, Tobias, 362. 
of Pearce, George, 452. 
of Pearce, John, 454. 
of Tucker, Lewis, 362. 
Marlborough, 180. 

Marshall, Capt. , 2. 

Marston, Benjamin, 36, 362. 
Martha's Vineyard, 181. 
Martin, 

Elizabeth, 453, 454. 
Mrs. Elizabeth, .363. 
Samuel, 303, 451, 4.54. 
Martineco, 330. 
Marty n, Richard, letter of, 67. 
Mary, Queen, 46, 62, 68, 200, 388. 
Maryland, assembly of, 67; men- 
tioned, 89, 91. 

Mason, Capt. , 121, 185. 

Mass at night and morning, 153. 
Massachusetts, 

the right of her government of 
Maine vindicated, 388; men- 
tioned, 18, 23, 70, 79, 80, 82, 88, 
90, 92, 95, 98, 99, 100, 102, 103, 
105, 100, 119, 128, 136, 143, 146, 
148, 155, 160, 161, 162, 164, 172, 
187, 198, 204, 205, 207, 210, 211, 
213, 215, 220, 223, 2-33, 246, 249, 
251, 252, 253, 268, 259, 266, 271, 
273, 281, 286, 287, 307, 310, 311, 
313, 329, 350, 351, 358, 361, 367, 



368, 369, 383, 384, 386, 389, 390, 
391, 392, 393, 394, 401, 423, 434, 
436, 437, 439, 440, 443, 445, 450. 
Bay, 88. 
Mast fleet, 278, .335. 
Masts for navy, 112, 116, 156, 160, 
200, 209, 210, 211, 228, 266, 267, 
268, 270, 280, 281, 283, 284, 288, 
298, 305, 343, 345, 349, 350, .384, 
395, 402, 405, 408, 409, 411, 419, 
420, 424, 425, 436. 
Mather, 

Mrs. Anne, 352, 371. 
Increase, .352, 371. 
Mathews, Daniel, 66. 
Matsequeet, 52. 

Matthews, Capt. , 282. 

Meadows, Ph., 91. 

Medford, 64, 250, 286. 

Meeting house, government aid to 

build, 103, 104, 203, 314. 
Mellanson, Peter, 461, 462. 
Memorials, 

of Coram, Thomas, 357, 361. 
of Kittery, 307. 
of Lake, Sir Bibye, 352, .354. 
of New England to reduce Can- 
ada, 211, 212, 213. 
Meregock, 466. 
Merrenn, Philip, 30. 
Merrimac River. 51, 179, 358, 423, 

4.58, 459. 
Merry Meeting Bay, 369, ,370, 446. 

Mico, Mr. , 258, 420, 

Middlesex, 

County, 69, 92, 119. 
lower regimert, 3, 35, 36, 47, 47. 
upper regiment, 35, 36, 46, 47. 
Mill to be erected by Pepperrell, 

24^* 
Mill Creek, 28. 
Mills, James, 387, 
Minas, 237, 241, 245, 462, 
Ministers, aided by the govern- 
ment, 103, 104, 118, 119, 128, 
129, 169, 173, 187, 188, 202, 203, 
314, 315; not maintained in 
some places, 264, 265, 266; 
arrested, 265; on settling one 
in Kittery, 307, 
Minot, John, letter of, 446. 
Misconcus, 

Harbor, 452, 4.53. 
Island, 364, 465, 453, 4.54. 
Island, Round Pond, 454. 
River, 452, 453. 
^lississippi River, 211. 
Mitchell, - — -, widow, 174. 
Moa Chamor, John, 219. 
Mogg, 341. 



nSTDEX 



489 



Moggeridge, John, 175. 

Mohawks, the, 295, 355, 356. 

Mohegans, the, 5, 

Molasses, 254, 260. 

Montreal, 180, 189, 190, 263, 264, 

279, 280, 295, 321, 336. 
Moody, 

Capt. Samuel, 274, 275, 290, 291, 
300, 301, 302, 310, 315, 316, 317, 
462, 463, 464, 465, 

Rev. Samuel, 129, 187, 188, 314, 
315. 
More, 

, widow, 176. 

Jacob, 47. 
Morrell, Nicholas, 174. 
Moses, Eleazer, 316, 339, 366. 
Moulton, Joseph, 455. 
Mount Desert, 471. 

Bay, 471. 
Mourswaggen Bay, 369. 
Moxis, 145, 341. 

wife of, 31. 
MuUins, Richard, 428. 
Munjoy, Peletiah, 387. 
Musconcus Bay, 87. 
Musset, Thomas, 174. 
Mystic, 64. 



N 



Nantasket, 237. 
Narragansett, 100. 
Nason, 

Baker, 176. 

Benjamin, petition of, lOG; peti- 
tion granted, 107. 

John, 176. 

Sarah, captured and ransomed, 
106; cost of same, 107. 
Nathaniel, Capt., (an Indian), 326, 

327, 340. 
Natick, 9. 
Naremkege, 305. 
Naval stores, 211, 212, 218. 
Neagnamker, 355. 
Neaguamer, 370, 
Neal, Andrew, 177. 
Neff, William, 29. 
Negmomkey Island, 355. 
Negnesseg, 354. 
Negroes, trade in, 257, 282. 
Neguamcott, 370. 
Negueasitt, 354. 
Negwegseg, 369. 
Nelson, 

Mrs. , widow, 174. 

John, 97. 
Nequeasitt, 369. 



New Bristol, 5. 

New Castle, 157, 182, .300, 303, 305, 
307. 
Bridge, 159. 
Ferry, 159, 

fort at, 158, 150, 178, 189, 261, 
262, 306, 338. 

New Dartmouth, 1, 

New England, 18, 52, 82, 91, 92, 
119, 136, 162, 187, 198, 201, 205, 
213, 215, 220, 223, 251, 268, 271, 
273, 278, 280, 286, 287, 299, 304, 
307, 310, 321, 335, 338, 342, 343, 
346, 348, 349, 350, 351, 353, 354, 
355, 357, 358, 359, 360, 361, 367, 
370, 271, 372, .373, 383, 384, 386, 
388, 389, 425, 428, 431, 433, 434, 
437, 439, 441, 451, 460. 

New Hampshire, 45, 72, 75, 76, 88, 
95. 96, 97, 99, 100, 11.3, 116, 117, 
146, 147, 148, 155, 150, 157, 158, 
161, 195, 196, 197,211, 221, 230, 
251, 2.57, 258, 259, 260, 261, 271, 
281, 304, 305, 307, 310, 329, 338, 
348, 349, 3.50, .351, 408, 409, 412, 
414, 415, 416, 419, 465, 466. 

New Harbor, 31. 

New Jersey, 89. 

New Plymouth, see Plymouth, 
Mass. 

New Town, fort at, 87, 88. 

New York, 89, 90, 91, 99, 100, 100, 
112, 114, 116, 117, 121, 147, 181, 
195, 211, 280, 451, 453. 

Newbury, 3, 4, 13, 24, 164, 186, 272, 
325. 

Newfoundland, 86, 253, 335, 337. 

Newichawannock, 2, 25, 46, 47, 54, 
72, 140, 312, 325, 407, 458, 459. 
River, 108. 

Nicholson, Col. , 280, 302, 306, 

374, 427, 428. 

Noice, see Noyes. 

Norbouro, John, 212. 

Norden, Nathaniel, 452, 454. 

Norridgewock, 161, 274, 336, 374, 
442, 446, 449, 456, 463, 474. 

North, Sir Francis, 393, 400. 

North America, 260, 264, 297, 342, 
345, 347, 394, 416, 426, 430. 

North Carolina, 90, 91. 

North Hampton, 189. 

North Yarmouth, light at, 37, 38, 
45; garrison at, 38, 472; men- 
tioned, 11, 14, 40, 41, 42, 45, 
386. 

Norton, Joshua, 474. 

Norway timber, ;'.50. 

Nottingham, Lord, 149. 



32 



490 



DOCUlVIENTARy HISTORY 



Nova Scotia, 85, 98, 122, 211, 212, 
213, 279, 342, 343, 34G, 348, 3G7, 
371, 372, 373, 374, 388, 414, 426, 
427, 428, 429, 431, 433, 451. 
Noyes, "I Col. Thomas, letter of. 
Noise / 272 ; mentioned, 47, 56, 65, 
342, 474. 

O 

Oaks, 211, 415, 
Oakes, 

Jno., 66. 

Thomas, 139, 214, 217, 221, 223, 
234, 235. 
Oakman, Tobias, 362. 
Oil, 254, 256. 
Oliver, Thomas, 249. 
Oneydes, the, 50. 
Onnondages, the, 50. 
Onondage, 

fort at, 89. 

county, 89. 
Order, 

to raise soldiers, 3. 

relating to the Maquas, 4. 

for Church to hire Indians, 5. 

for Stanton to procure aid, 5. 

for relief of frontier towns, 6. 

to encourage volunteei's, 7. 

for strengthening the frontier 
towns, 8. 

relating to friendly Indians, 8. 

for men and horses, 35. 

to take names of newcomers 
from the east, 36. 

regarding deserters, 37. 

to'Capt. John Alden, 40, 61. 

to Maj. Benj, Church, 61. 

to Capt. Simon Willard, 62. 

relating to Swayne and the sol- 
diers, 70, 72. 

in relation to paying soldiers, 74. 

for conference at Pemaquid, 138. 

for a committee to prepare a 
memorial to the queen, 139, 

in favor of Mrs. Jordan, 235. 
Orford, Edward, Earl of, 342, 345. 
Ornbury, Lord, 148. 
Ossipee, 04, 66. 

Otis, Capt. , 246. 

Ottoa, Will, 44. 
Owen, Joshua, 44. 
Oyster Eiver, 13, 26, 57, 65, 77, 
324, 330. 



Packer, Tuomas, 415. 
Paino, Samuel, 30. 
Pall, John, 174, 



Pallmer, Jno., 43, 

Palmer, Miss, , 175, 

Mrs,, widow, 175. 
Palmer's Island, .59, 60. 
Pancake Hill, 364. 
Papooduck, garrison at, 473. 
Paris, 110. 

Parker, Col. , 136. 

James jr, 79. 

Josiah, petition of, 78, 79. 

Phineas, ransomed, 79. 

Partridge) ^, ..^o 

Patridge / ^°*- ' •^'^^• 

Lieut,-Gov, , 146, 155, 

Mr, , 367. 

Samuel, 124, .321, 322. 
William jr., 136. 
Pascataqua, .see Piscataqua. 
Passamaquoddy, 318. 
Pattin, David, petition of, 63, 
Paul, William, 175, 
Peace, 

of Arrowsic, 377, 380, 381, 446, 
of Utrecht, 374, 381, 427, 433, 
see also Treaties. 
Pearce, 

Elizabeth, 453, 

George, deposition of, 451, 452; 
mai-k of, 4.52; mentioned, 453. 
John, depositions of, 364, 365, 
452, 454; mark of, 454; men- 
tioned, 453, 
Richard sen,, 364, 4.53, 
Richard jr., deposition of, 363, 
364, .365; mentioned, 4.52, 453. 
Pease, price of, 75. 
Peat, Robert, 448. 
Pedrick, Norden, 454. 
Pegue, 3.55, 356. 
Pegwacket, see Pigwacket. 
Peirce, Daniel, 123, 130, 131. 
Pejepscot, 309, 448. 
Pemaquid, 
fort at, seized, 1; garrison at, 16, 
17; the chief frontier of the 
province, 90; no fort needed 
there, 113, 114, 117; fort to be 
rebuilt, 125; concerning the 
building of a fort at, 1.30, 131, 
132, 133, 135, 137; order for a 
conference at, 138; representa- 
tives disapprove of fort at, 138; 
committee appointed to pre- 
pare an address on, 139; favor- 
able place for a settlement, 156; 
opposition to building fort at, 
169, 170, 183, 199, 225, 226, 227; 
mentioned, 19, 31, 48, 49, 66, 
87, 98, 128, 161, 373, 380, 453, 
472. 



INDEX 



491 



Pemaquid Fresh River, 364. 

River, 87, 256, 300, 364. 
Penacook, 9, 24, 25. 
Penhallow, 

Mr. , 282, 456. 

John, letter of, 472, 473; men- 
tioned, 475, 476. 
Samuel, 385. 
Pennsylvania, 89, 91, 211. 
Penobscot, 134, 180, 180, 270, 300, 
301, 302, 318, 336, 357, 366, 461, 
464, 471. 
Indians, 145, 327, 456. 
River, 450. 
Pepperrell, William, given liberty 
to build a mill, 248; petition 
of, 248; petition granted, 249; 
letter of, 467; mentioned, 208, 
455. 
Pequakett, see Pigwacket. 
Pequots, the, 5. 
Perpudock, 178. 
Petisson, Daniel, 374. 

Petitions, 

of Austin, Samuel, 80, 81. 

of Bane and Ilill, 215. 

of Bane, Joseph, 136, 137, 162, 

163. 
of Bane, Lewis, 187, 188, 311, 312, 

01Q gig 
of Beal, Arthur, 213, 215. 
of Briar, William, 205, 206, 207. 
of Converse, James, 99, 100, 101, 

102. 
of Day, John, and others, 63. 
of Dummer, Jeremy, 18, 19. 
of Falmouth, 361, 362, 386. 
of German, John, 143, 144. 
of Gill and Hutchins, 186. 
of (iouge, James, for Wells, 103, 

104. 
of Gowen and Plaisteed, for Kit- 

tery and York, 118. 
of Hammond, Josei)h, and oth- 
ers, 95. 
of Hammond, Joseph, for Kit- 

tery, 233, 234, 235. 
of Ilolden, Stephen, 77, 78. 
of Isles of Shoales, 218, 220. 
of Jackson, Thomas, 102, 103. 
of Jeffries, David, 287, 288. 
of Kittery, 207. 
of Limerick, Earl of, answered, 

08. 
of March, John, 164, 167. 
of Mason, Benjamin, 106, 107. 
of Parker, Josiah, 78, 79. 
of Pepperrell, William, 248, 249. 
of Phillips and Converse, 82, 83. 



Petitions, continued. 

of Preble, Abraham, for York, 
128. 

of Wellington, J., and others, 
385. 

of Wells, 172, 173, 201, 202, 204, 
215, 221, 223. 

of Willis, Thomas, 286, 287. 

of Wilson, John, 02, 93, 119, 120. 

of York, 167, 168, 204, 205, 215, 
221, 223. 
Petty Causo, 451. 
Phillips, 

Col. , 432. 

John, petition of, 82, 83; men- 
tioned, 1.30. 

Capt. Timothy, 84. 

™PPHMr. ,183,197. 

Phips I ' ' 

Richard, 29. 

Capt. Samuel, 95, 96, 138. 
Timothv, 84. 
Williani, 121. 
Phores, Aaron, 175. 
Pickernell, James, 174. 
Pigwacket, fort at, 141, 142; men- 
tioned, 25, m, 187, 302. 
Pike, Robert, letters of, 24, 25, 273, 
275; mentioned, 0, 26, 40, 289. 
Pines, 211, 266, 404, 405, 408, 409, 

414, 419, 424, 425. 
Piracy, 112, 113, 116. 
Pirates, 42, 116, 193, 194, 357, 377. 
Piscataqua, 

fort at, 88, 95, 113, 117, 148, 156, 
199, 200, 225, 226, 227; men- 
tioned, 7, 40, J 02, 140, 181, 182, 
102, 220, 230, 252, 288, 204, 301, 
302, 318, 310, 340, 307, 405, 400, 
411. 
River, 88, 05, 189, 200, 225, 227, 
389, 409. 
Pitcli, 212, 266, 269, 343, 345, 349. 
I'lacentia, 86, 333, 336, 337. 
I'laisted, 

Mr. , 258, 267, 369, 305, 306, 

320. 
Elisha, letter of, 326; mentioned, 
3-25, 326, 327, 328, 329, 331, 455. 
Icliabod, letters of, 328, 329; 
mentioned, 96, 174, 176, 177, 
326, 328, 330. 
James, 118. 
J no., 327. 

Samuel, deposition of, 415; men- 
tioned, 300. 407. 

Plowman, Capt. , 102, 193. 

Plymoutli, Kngland, 211. 
Council, 358, 437. 



492 



DOCUMBNTAEY HISTORY 



Plymouth, Mass., 5, 6, 50, 52, 61, 
62, 368, 388, 393, 394, 401. 
soldiers, 56. 

Poare, Lieut. , 274. 

Pollexfen, John, 91. 

Poubrook, 108. 

Ponkapoag, 9. 

Popple, William, 373, 417, 426, 430, 
431, 434. 

Population, average increase of, 
253. 

Pork purchased by the govern- 
ment, 160, 233, 235; spoiled, 
57, 58, 233; given to Indians, 
341. 

Port Royal, 

fort at, 181, 190, 236, 2-37, 241, 

374; mentioned, 153, 156, 179, 

212, 229, 238, 243, 244, 256, 260, 

279, 294, 305, 333, 337, 366, 461. 

Narrows, 247. 

Portsmouth, 25, 64, 67, 76, 128, 219, 
240, 272, 324, 327, 330, 331, 415, 
416, 418, 424, 429, 432, 457, 458, 
459, 468, 469, 472. 

Portugal, 405, 411. 

Poveley, Samuel, 362. 

Povey, Thomas, 194. 

Powder Duty, the, 262, 288. 

Pownds, Capt. , 33, 34. 

Pratt, Eben, 387. 

Preble, 

Abraham, his petition for Kit- 
tery, 128, 129; mentioned, 168. 
351, 424, 435, 455. 
Abraham jr., 313. 
Caleb, 455. 

Prentice, Thomas, order to, 8, 9. 

Presumpscot River, 386. 

Prices of grain, 75. 

Prichard, John, 387. 

Priests, 19, 151, 337, 451, see also 
friars. 

Prine, Samuel, 30. 

Prior, Matthew, 91. 

Privateers, 48, 60, 154, 181, 193, 195, 
197, 212, 284, 309. 

Probee, Matthew, 351. 

Procter, Samuel, 387. 

Proneybeage Pond, 313. 

Proposals for a convention, 26; of 
Coram and Thomas, 345; of 
Massachusetts Commissioners 
to Indians, 50. 

Prosaway, 448. 

Proselyting, Bigot accused of, 109. 

Prout, 

Ebenezer, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 22, 23, 
24, 36, .37, 39, 46, 47, 69, 71, 72, 
73, 74, 75. 



Prout, continued. 

Joseph, letter of, 58; mentioned, 
36, 61. 
Pullen, Richard, 362, 388. 
Puncapaugs, 9. 
Purpooduck, .340. 
Pussimscutt Falls, 470. 
Pynchon, John, 38, 50, 52, 129. 



Q 

Quakers, 264, 265. 

Quamphegon Falls, 312. 

Quaquahalit, 52. 

Quebec, 110, 145, 156, 181, 189, 190, 
248, 256, 263, 264, 279, 280, 295, 
296, 333, 334, 336, 337, 344. 

Quochechaw, 92, see Cocheco. 

R 

RAINSFORDJ j^j j^ ^^ 393, 400. 
Ransford J ' ' 

Rale, Sabastian, letter of, 334. 
Rates levied to pay soldiers, 75. 
Reading, 58. 

Rednap "1 Col. , 218, 238, 263, 

Redknap J 342. 
Rehoboth, 99. 

Renaw, , 332. 

Report of Council in relation to 

the forts, 86; concerning the 

boundaries, 97; concerning the 

rebuilding of Pemaquid, 130, 

131, 132, 135. 
Return of the laying out the 

bounds of Kittery, 312. 
Rhode Island, 89, 91, 100, 101, 113, 

116, 153, 154, 182, 191, 194, 260, 

335, 418, 429. 

Riall, Mr. , 34. 

Rice, 254, 260. 
Richardson, 
Richard. 387. 
Samuel, 387. 
Richmond's Island, 78, 325, 326, 

327. 
Riddell, Capt. , 251, 278, 280, 

281. 
Ripley, Peter, 31. 
River Indians, 50, 52. 
River of Canada, 193, 348, 349,451; 

see also St. Lawrence River. 
River St. Croix, 87. 
Roads, Thomas, 66. 
Roberts, 

William, 387. 
W^illiam jr., 175. 
Robie, William, 36. 



INDEX 



493 



Robinson, 

, 432. 

Capt. Andrew, letter of, 292; 
mentioned, 319, 323, 325, 327, 
328, 329. 

Rochelle, 337, 428. 

Rochfort, 428. 

Rogers, John, 174. 

Roisted, Ichabod, 210. 

Rome, 110. 

Romer, Wilhelm Wolfgang, letter 
of, 157, 159; mentioned, 87, 88, 
113, 122, 12G, 148, 151, 153, 156, 
IGl, 170, 183, 184, 196, 263. 

Rosin, 212, 343, 349. 

Round, Mark, 387. 

Round Pond, 364, 454. 

Rouse, Capt. , 335. 

Rouseck Island, see Arrowsic. 

Rouley, 13. 

Roxbury, 36. 

Royal, .Jacob, 362, 388. 

RoyaFs River, 473. 

Russell, James, 37, 73, 76, 120, 123, 
129. 

Russock, 369. 

Rye, price of, 75, 76. 



S 



Sable Island, 427, 429. 
Saco, 
attacked, 152, 178; fort at, 37, 
88, 109, 136, 142, 152, 163, 172, 
218, 247, 262, 336, 339, 473; 
mentioned, 18, 20, 25, 29, 37, 
64, 241, 341. 
Falls, 473. 

River, 88, 141, 179, 262, 309. 
Sagadahoc, 
fort at, 15, 16, 87; mentioned, 25, 

274, 276, 277, 289, 293, 442. 
Island, 87. 
Point, 16. 

River, 342, 343, 345, 347, 354, 368, 
369. 

Sales, Capt. , 324. 

St. Croix, 151, 156, 180, 343. 
River, 87. 

St. Estinne, Mons. , 427. 

St. George's, 345. 
Island, 308. 
River, 87, 420. 
St. John's Harbor, fort at, 86. 
St. John's River, 190. 
St. Lawrence River, 212, 344, 427, 
428; see also River of Canada. 
St. Peters, 333. 



Salem, fort at, 261, 262; mentioned, 

13, 32, 33, 36, 157, 448. 
Salisbury, 24, 26, 186, 474. 
Salmon Falls, fort at, 77; men- 
tioned, 56, 64, 65, 74, 330. 

Saltonstal, Col. , 319. 

Sanderson, Jno., 30. 

Sargent, Peter, 74, 120, 124, 130. 

Savage, 

Cajit. Ephraim, 376. 

John, 387. 

Maj. Tliomas, 38, 50, 52. 
Saw Mills, 268, 270, 271, 395, 402, 

419, 425. 
Scales, 

]Mathew, 362, 387. 

William, 362, 387. 
Scali)s, bounty for, 4, 2.59. 
Scarborough, 10, 11, 435. 
Schenectady, 89, 90. 
Schuyler, 

John, 322. 

Mynderz, 322. 

Pr., 322. 
Scotch settlers desired, 156. 
Scotland, 257. 

Scottow. Thomas, letter of, 10. 
Sea Coal, 212, 213. 
Seccomb, 

John, 362. 

Peter, 362. 

Senecas j .^q ^80. 
Smnekes J ' 
Sergeant, see Sargent. 
Settlements, Committee on, to 

l^rosecute, 351. 
Sewall, 

Hannah, 96. 

Samuel, 85, 94, 96, 120, 124, 289, 
362. 
Shannon, Nathaniel, letter of, 432; 

mentioned, 373, 441. 
Shapleigh, 

John, 174, 176, 177, 208, 444. 

Nicholas, 455. 
Sheafe, 

Mr. , 229, 230. 

Sampson, letter of, 349, 351; 

mentioned, 74. 
Shecanecte, 237. 
Sheepscot River, 87, 354, 3G9. 
Shepherd, John, 175. 
Sherburn, Capt. Samuel, letter of, 

26; mentioned, 24. 
Shoales, the, 156; see Isle of 

Shoales. 
Shores, Samuel, 176. 



494 



DOCUJIENTARY HISTORY 



Sliute, 

Richard, 387. 

Samuel, letters of, 363, 374, 382; 
raeutioned, 355, 357, 361, 386, 
429, 433, 436, 442, 443, 445, 446, 
448, 449, 454, 456, 462, 463, 464, 
465. 

Sincler, John, 421. 

Shackkook Indians, 50. 

Skillen, Benjamin, 387. 

Small Point, garrison at, 475. 

Small, Samuel, 174. 

Smart, Capt. , letter of, 433. 

Smith, 

- — , 34, 282. 

Capt. , 156. 

John, of Falmouth, 362, 388. 
Maj. Joseph, 147. 
William, 177. 

Snell, Thomas, 387. 

Snow, 

Benjamin, 45. 
Henry, 176. 

Soldiers, wages of, 2, 3; an order 
to raise, 3, 4; Indians hired, 
4, 5; ordered to frontier towns, 
8, 9, 10; at Cochecho, 13; at 
Falmouth, 14; sent to North 
Yarmouth, 14; deserted, 29, 
34; rohbed, 33; deserted from 
Saco, 37, 39; sent to Wells, 39: 
town to supply those stationed 
there, 39; sent eastward, 40; 
deserted from North Yar- 
mouth, 40; go to Boston and 
Falmouth, 41, 42, 44; order for 
posting, 46, 47; where sta- 
tioned, 47; to he improved, 54, 
55; need clothing, 59; to be 
conveyed to Casco by John 
Alden, 01; under Capt. Church, 
01; some to be dismissed, 70, 
71; names to be taken, 70; 
order relating to their pay, 74; 
rates levied for their pay, 75; 
where located, 76, 77, 92; quar- 
tered on Samuel Austin, 80; 
force to be kept on the fron- 
tier, 124, 125, 126, 127, 131, 135; 
bill for supplying, 127; where 
lodged, 161, 162; at Castle 
Island, 171; some to be dis- 
missed, 171; inducements to, 
180; regulars needed, 181; 
Dudley asked the General 
Court to raise more, 185; 
prices iiaid Indians, 185; cost 
of ferrying at Kittery, 206; 
ferrying at York, 214; failure 
of expedition to Port Royal, 



236, 238; desertions, 244, 246; 
many employed, 269; snow- 
shoe men, 272, 273; standing 
armies, 279; dismissed, 319, 
320; to become settlers, 344, 
347, 367, 371; should be re- 
tained at the east, 466; de- 
serted, 466; the experienced 
remained, 470; killed acci- 
dentally, 470, 475. 

Soper, Joseph, 84. 

South Carolina, 90, 93. 

Southack, Cyprian, letter of, 430; 
memorial of, 326; mentioned, 
82, 143, 158, 242, 428. 

Southwell, E., 304. 

Spain, 254, 405, 409, 411. 

Speeches of Dudley, Joseph, 124, 
133, 134, 162, 185, 209, 217, 225, 
228, 232, 235, 248, 296, 297, 302. 

Sprague, Samuel, 85. 

Springfield, 180. 

Spruce, 211. 

Spurwink, 
garrison at, 473; mentioned, 49, 

357. 
River, 178, 435. 

Stacy, William, 177. 

Stagegut Point, 88. 

Stair Falls, 313. 

Stamford, Thomas Gray, Earl of, 
91. 

Stanton, John, ordered to procure 
aid, 5. 

Stapell, James, 174. 

Staple, John, 174. 

Steel, Capt. , 160. 

Stepney, George, 91. 

Sterling, William Alexander, Earl 
of, 427. 

Stevens, 
Abraham, desired help, 187, 188. 
Place, 387. 

Stimpson, Mr. , 473. 

Stockbridge, Samuel, 470. 

Stone, Daniel, 177. 

Stootly, .see Stucley. 

Storer, 
J no., 455. 
Joseph, 203. 

Story, Joseph, 18. 

Stoughton, William, 92, 106, 111. 

Stover, John, 299. 

Stucley, Capt. Charles, letters oti 
239, 240, 241, 282; mentioned, 
231, 239, 240, 241, 242, 243, 244, 
246. 

Studley, Capt. , 306. 



INDEX 



495 



Subercase, Daniel Auger of, me- 
morial of, 428; mentioned, 259, 
427. 

Suffolk County, 09. 

South Regiment, 3, 35, 36, 40, 47. 

Sugar, 254. 

Sugars, Capt. , 102. 

Summerset, John, 452, 453. 

Sunderland, Lord, 281. 

Sutton, Capt. , 231. 

Swan Alley, 355, 370. 

Swan Island, 449. 

Swan Woods, 354. 

Swansea, 100, 101, 265. 

Swayue > Jeremiah, commissioned 

Sweyen > Commander-in-Chief, 45, 
54; instructions to, 54; letters 
of, 56, 64, 65, 76; mentioned, 
70, 72, 73, 74, 127, 139. 

Sweden, 350. 

Sweet, Jabest, 150. 

T 

Tai.IiArb, Monsieur de, 334. 
Tapanegine, 369. 

Tar, 212, 254, 283, 343, 345, 349, 419. 
Taxes on trade, 95, 97; on timber, 

146, 149; unequal, 253. 
Tay, Isaiah, 95. 
Taylor, 

Mr. , 417. 

Serjeant, 150. 

Edward, 63. 

John, 74. 

Teate, Capt. , 278, 285. 

Temple, Sir Thomas, 427, 461. 
Tere, Ephriam, 44. 

Terrisse, Capt. , 145. 

Thoils Point, garrison at, 403. 
Thomas, 

Capt. , 145. 

Nathaniel, 120, 123, 140. 

Roger, 175. 

Rose, 150. 

William, 362. 
Thompson, William, letters of, 
371, 372; his opinion in regard 
to settling soldiers, 307, 371. 
Thomson, 

Bartholomew, 170. 

James, 174. 
Thorn, Thomas, 456. 
Thorndike, Capt. Paul, 37. 
Thornton, Timothy, 30, 302, 388. 
Thurcom, Thomas, 174. 
Tilton, Abraham, 302. 
Timber, 90, 146, 149, 155, 200, 228, 
258, 266, 207, 343, 345, 360, 394, 
395, 401, 402, 405, 406, 409, 410, 
411, 413, 416. 



Tinney 1 Mrs. , widow, 175. 

Tinny J John, 175. 
Titco27ib, William, 273. 
Tiverton, R. I., 264, 265. 
Tobacco, 254. 
Tobee, James, 174. 
Tcxonock Falls, 355, 370. 
Tcconock River, 355, 370. 
Tomes, Thomas, 387. 

Tompson, , of Berwick, 444, 

445. 
Tonnage, .see under Duties. 
Toogood, Edward, 127, 128. 
Topsham, England, 145. 
Tossock, 370. 
Town River, 447. 
Townsend, 

Penu, 120, 124, 244, 246. 
Solomon, 362. 
Townshend, Ellas, 387. 
Trade to be restricted, 125. 
Trading Houses needed at Casco 
and Pemaquid, 133; at Casco, 
200, 227. 
Traifen, Charles, 186. 
Treaties with Indians, 115, 133, 
145, 150, 151; see also under 
Peace. 
Trevanion, Sir Nicholas, 335. 
Tripp, Silvanus, 175. 
Trow, William, 360. 
Tubbs, Benjamin, 177. 
Tucker, 

Serjt. , 325, 327. 

Lewis, 362. 
Lewis jr., 175. 
Nicholas, 150. 
Turbit, Nicholas, 177. 
Turfrey, 

Capt. George, 109, 172. 
L., 132, 136, 137. 
Turpentine, 184, 349. 
Tyng, Col. , 319. 

u 

Union of England and Scotland, 

257. 
Usher, John, letters of, 303, 304, 

305, 300; mentioned, 123, 155, 

156, 161, 182, 196, 390, 391, 393, 

400, 437, 450. 



Van Brugh, Pietek, 322. 

Vaudreuil, Philippe de Rigaud, 
Marquis de, 218, 259, 263, 279, 
294, 29.-), 296, 310, 317, 332, 336, 
442, 400, 402. 



496 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Vaughan, 

Col. , 450. 

George, letters of, 331, 440, 441; 
mentioned, 282, 385, 432. 

William, letters of, 9, 07; men- 
tioned, 259, 201, 300, 330. 
Vearin, John, 16. 
Vernon, James, 91, 110, 111, 114, 
Vessels, 

Arundel, 121. 

Bregendene, 32, 33. 

Catherine, 433. 

Centurion, 179, 182, 189. 

Chester, 335. 

Crowuation, 100. 

Deptford, 239, 240, 246, 251. 

Duunige, 335. 

Falmouth, 251, 278. 

Galley, the, 143, 150, 151, 152, 
1.58, 102, 360. 

Galley, Charles, 193, 195. 

Gospir, 182, 190. 

Gosport, 148, 156. 

Jersey, 190. 

Mary, 40, 01. 

New Hampshire, 288. 

Reserve, 278. 

Saphire, 335. 

Six Friends, 102. 

Speedwell, 306. 

Squirrell, 370, 432, 433, 434. 

Trois Amis, La, 433. 

Unity, 288. 

Vetch, Mr. , 201. 

Vilboone "l ^n ,. i n- 
Villebon } Chevalier de, 9.. 

Viny, Abigail, widow, 150. 
Virginia, 89, 91, 211, 2.54. 
Volunteers, 2, 7, 24; see under 
soldiers. 

W 

Waampichele, 52. 

Wadley, William, 176. 

Wages of volunteers, 2, 7. 

Wagg, Richard, 44. 

Wainwright, Francis, letters of, 

236, 238, 245; mentioned, 242, 

244, 246, 463. 
Walcott, Josiah, 352. 

Walderon, Mr. , 306. 

Waldro, Josiah, 371. 

Waldron) , 49, 60. 

Waldern J Richard, his daughter 

and her child ransomed, 49, 

60; letters of, 9, 322, 323, 324, 

325, 327, 330, 331, 458, 459; 

mentioned, 23, 67, 147, 304, 

806. 



Walker, 

Sir Hovenden, 344. 
Samuel, 44. 
Walley, John, 70, 94, 123, 130. 
Walton, 

Shad, letter of, 309. 
Col. Thad, letter of, 308; men- 
tioned, 310, 319, 320, 474. 
Thomas, 362. 
Wamastudua, 108. 
Wamesit, 9. 

Wanton, Col. , 246. 

Ware, Mr. , 282. 

Warren, 

Gilbert, 176. 
James, 105. 
Wass, John, 387. 
Watertown, 385. 
Watters, Lattiraore, 454. 
Wattkins, Jno., 29. 
Waymouth, 
Edward, 176. 
Timothy, 176. 

Waynrite, Mr. , 25. 

Webb ) Mrs. William, 150. 
Webbe ( Jno., 30. 

Webber } Mrs. , 178. 

Webour j Nathaniel, 362. 

Samuel, 168, 299, 300. 
Wedembeseck, 474. 
Weems, Capt. James, 1, 2, 11, 16, 

20. 
Wellington, John, 385. 
Wells, soldiers sent to, 39, 92; gar- 
rison at. 77, 88, 118, 215, 216, 
247, 326, 327, 328; Indians at- 
tacked (1700), 92, 152; re- 
ceived from government in 
supporting minister and build- 
ing a meeting house, 103, 104, 
118, 119, 173, 202, 203; title of 
uncertain, 108; Maj. Hilton at, 
142; fort at, 152; desired taxes 
abated, 172, 173, 202, 221, 222, 
223; Indians attacked (1703), 
178; Indian depredations near, 
179; pay of commissary at, 
247; Capt. Brown relieved of 
his command at, 247; peti- 
tions, 172, 173, 201, 202, 204, 
215, 221, 223; mentioned, 17, 
20, 21, 77, 80, 94, 180, 203, 215, 
229, 263, 275, 299, 311, 327, 329, 
330, 455, 462. 
Wells, Lieut. John, 194, 198. 
Wentworth, 
Ezek., 210. 
Hunking, 341. 

John, letters of, 429, 457, 459, 
465; mentioned, 385. 



INDEX 



497 



Wentworth, William, 150. 

West Hampshire, 209. 

West Indies, 50, 254, 255, 256, 89, 
91. 

West, 

, 359. 

Richard, letters of, 436, 440. 
Robert, 369. 

Westbrook, Col. Thomas, letter 
of, 468, 471; mentioned, 469, 
470, 475. 

Whales, 256. 

Wheat, 75, 212. 

Wheelwright, 

John, letters of, 325, .326, 454; 
report of on the settlement at 
Casco Bay, 434, 435; men- 
tioned, 18, 107, 108, 172, 203, 
287, 313, 327, 340, 351, 424. 
Samuel, 18, 21. 

Whit, Ann, 186. 

White Hills, 6(j. 

White, John, 104, 130. 

Whitehaven, 151. 

Whitmore, , Quartermaster, 

64. 

Whittaker, Capt. Thomas, 48. 

Whittemore, Pela, 233. 

Wier, Mr. , 147. 

Willard, 
Josiah, 352, 363, 38.3, 388, 398, 

403, 436, 449, 467, 476. 
Capt. Simon, certificate of, 100; 
mentioned, 47, 56, 61, 62, 179, 
233, 319, 325, 329. 

William III, 46, 62, 68, 200, 367, 
373, 388, 438, 439, 440. 

Williams, Lieut. , 332. 

Willimot, Richard, .387. 

Willis, Lieut. Thomas, 250. 

Wilson, 

John, petitions of, 92, 93, 119, 

120. 
Joseph, 176. 

Winchester, Robert, 186. 

Wincoln, Capt. , 65. 

Winkal, Capt. , 25. 

Winnipiseogee, 57, 64, 323. 

Winslow, Nathaniel, 387. 



Winter Harbor, fort at, 88, 250, 
286; garrison at, 473; nxen- 
tioned, 178, 245, 340, 342, 357. 
Winthrop, 

Col. , 449. 

Wait, 123. 
Wintworth, William, 150; see also 

Wentworth. 
Wiswell, Capt. Noah, 9, 54, 56, 65. 
Wittome, Peter, 177. 
Woburn, 36, 58, 92, 98, 100, 101, 

107. 
Wood Creek, fort at, 279. 
Wood Island, fort at, 88. 
Woodman, Capt. J no., 77. 
Woolens, 184, 2.54, 2-55, 256, 269. 
Woster, Moses, 174. 
Wounded at Casco fort, 150. 

Wright, Capt. , 332. 

Wyman, Jacob, letter of, 108. 



York, 

garrison at, 88, 118, 215, 216, 
247; title of uncertain, 108; 
desired and received aid from 
government in the supi^ort of 
a minister, 118, 119, 128, 
129, 169, 187, 314, 315; de- 
sired taxes remitted, 168, 204, 
205; taxes rebated, 168, 205, 
221, 222, 223; pay of com- 
missary at, 247; Capt. Heath 
relieved of the command at, 
247; petitions of, 167, 168, 204, 
205, 215; mentioned, 20, 21, 
137, 149, 186, 215, 299, 300, 313, 
319, 320, .327, 330. 

County, 95, 202, 234, 249, 299, 
311, 312, 393, 394, 400, 401, 415, 
416, 421. 

Duke of, 343, 359. 
Yorksliire, 209. 
Young, 

John, 302. 

Joseph, 107. 



-, Benjamin, 105. 



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