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Full text of "Documentary history of the state of Maine .."









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illatit^ ©^nmlogical ^octety, 



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Portland, Maine. 



Acctssion ^ 3QLD BY THE 
A^o..7.74^ne Genealogical Society. 



COLLECTIONS 

OF THK 



MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

SECOND SERIES 



DOCUMENTARY 



HLSTORY OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



VOL. X 



CONTAINING 



THE BAXTER MANUSCRIPTS 



EDITED 



By JAMES PHINNEY BAXTER, A. M. 



PUBLISHED BY THE MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY, AIDED BY ■* 

APPROPRIATIONS FROM THE STATE 



PORTLAND 

LEFAVOR-TOWER COMPANY 

1907 






Copyright 1907 
By the Maine Historical Society 



Press of 
Lefavok-Towee Company, Foktland 



V15 
IV128d 



PREFACE 



THE documents in tliis volume fall within a period of 
great interest and importance to students of Maine 
history, and have been selected to largely embrace Indian 
affairs and questions of ownership of lands, which agitated 
those who were struggling to establish themselves along the 
outposts of civihzation. This volume closes the present 
series, and the next will begin a new one. 

JAMES PHINNEY BAXTER. 

Mackworth Island, 
July 31, 1907. 



495(^94 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE OF CONTENTS 



PAGE 

19G2-3 Feb. Coll. Ledgels Memori-l touching trade 

WITH the Indians, &c., 1 

1092 Oct. 12 Sir William Phipps to Earl of Nottingham, . 2 
1692-3 Feb. 21 Sir William Phipps to Earl of Nottingham, . 4 

1093 Aug. 11 The Submission and Agreements of the Eastern 

Indians, ........ 7 

French Designs in New England, ... 12 
1097 Dec. 2-12 Letter from John Nelson from Paris relating to 

the Designs of the French, .... 13 

Apr. 12 John Nelson's Memorial relating to Nova Scotia, 18 

Apr. 13 Petition of John Nelson, 10 

July 2 Extract of a Memorial from Mr Nelson, . . 20 
Nov. 2 John Nelson's Memorial relating' to the Fishery 

on the Coast of Nova Scotia &c, ... 21 
1097-8 Jan. 4 Mr. Crowne"s Acct of the Engl: Title to Penob- 
scot, 25 

1698 Sept. 15 Letter from M. Villebon to Mr. Stonghton, . 30 
Oct. 18 Affidavit of John Swasey and Wm. Jeggels, . 32 
Oct. 24 Letter from Mr. Stotxghton to ye Board, . . 34 
Nov. 4 Letter from John Nelson relating to the French 

pretentions to the sole Right of fishing upon 

' the Coast of Accadie, 37 

Nov. 11 Letter from Benjamin Jackson concerning the 

Claims of the French to St. George's River, . 40 

1699 Nov. 10 Letter from Wolfgang Will^ Romer, . . 42 

1700 Mar. 27 Letter from Jos. Storer, John Wheelwright & 

Jonathan llamond relating to ye Indians, . 43 
Apr. 11 Letter from Wolfgang W"} Romer, ... 4.") 

Apr. 13 William Payment's Memorial relateing to the 

Indians, ........ 52 

Address of Governor it als of New llampsJiire, 54 
Petition of Earl of Limerick concerning Penia- 

quid, 50 

May 10 Answer to Earl of Limerick's Petition concern- 
ing Pemaquid, ....... 57 

1700 June 13 Cap* John Aldens Relation to the Eail of 

Bellomont, ....... 57 

June 17 Letter from J. Laborie, 59 

.June 19 Capt. John Alden's Second Relation to the Karl 

of Bellomont, 60 





Dec. 


1700-1 


Jan. 


1701 


June 




Aug. 




Aug. 




Aug. 


1718 


Mar. 


1719 


Feb. 



1720 


Apr. 




Aug. 




Oct. 


1721-22 


Feb. 


1722-23 


Mar. 


1722 


Apr. 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 

PAGE 

June 21 Colossians Discovery, 63 

June 22 Letter from Earl of Bellomout to Mr. Secry 

Vernon, ........ C5 

July 9 Letter from Earl of Bellomout to Mr. Sec. Vernon, G7 

Letter from Earl of Bellomout, .... 68 

July 16 Letter from Earl of Bellomout, ... 71 

Sept. 3 Letter from Isa Addington, 73 

Nov. 20 Mem\ from M^ Crown relating to his Title to 

Penobscot in New England, .... 74 
Mr. Crown's Petition relating to his Title to 

Penobscot in America, 82 

The bounds of Nova Scotia and Penobscot, with 
the lands belonging to it, as they are exprest 

in Cromwells Patent, and ye deede of partition, 83 

20 Letter from Wm. Stoughton, .... 84 

22 Report on John Crown's Petition, ... 86 
3 Memorial of Propositions made witli the Eastern 

Indians, 87 

8 Letter from Mr Brouillan, Govr of Accadie, . 96 

9 A Memorial of the Council & Representatives of 
the Massachusetts Bay, 98 

22 Isaac Addington to Govr of Accadie, . . 103 

14 Letter from Mr. Carkesse, 114 

17 Letter from Samll. Shute to Wm Popple Esq., 104 

An Answer to the First Query Proposed by the 
Rt Rouble the Lords of Trade &c referring to 

the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, . 108 

Mar, 14 Letter from Cha Carkesse to Wm. Popple Esq., 114 
May 26 Letter from Edward Southwell, . . . .116 
June 4 Answer to Several Queries relating to the State 

of the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, . 117 

June 26 Letter from J. Bridger, 119 

July 9 Letter from J. Bridger, 125 

July 17 Letter from J. Bridger to Hon. Wm. Popple, . 126 

July 23 Letter from J. Bridger, 128 

Several Affidavits & other Papers relating to the 
Difference between Mr. Bridger & Mr. Elisha 

Cooke, 130 

8 Letter from E. J. Bridger, .... 134 
20 Mr. Blechyden to the Lords Commissioners for 

Trade and Plantations, 142 

11 Letter from J. Dummer to Wm. Popple, . 143 

2 Letter from Mr Newman, 146 

23 LetterCol.Thos, WestbrooktoLt.Gov. Dummer, 146 
10 Letter from Gov, Shute, 148 



1723 


Dec. 


1723-24 


Jan. 


1723 


Apr. 




June 




May 


1724 


Jan. 




Jan. 


1724-26 


Jan. 


1724 


Feb. 


1724-25 


Feb. 


1724-25 


Feb. 


1724 


Mar. 




Mar. 




Mar. 




Apr. 




Apr. 




Apr. 




Apr. 




Apr. 




Apr. 




Apr. 




Apr. 




Apr. 



OF CONTENTS IX 

PAGE 

Apr. 10 Votes of the House of Representatives ( at the 
Session of the General Assembly held at Bos- 
ton March 15, 1722), 148 

June 27 Elisha Cook Esq. per Order of the Committee on 

the Petition of John Smith, .... 149 
July 4 Letter from John Penhallow to Gov. Shute, . 160 
July G Letter from John Wheelwright to Gov. Shute, 151 
July 8 Journal of the House of Representatives, . 152 
Sept. 23 Letter from Thos. Westbrook to Gov. Shute, . 153 
Oct. 1 Letter from Zach Trescott to Judge Dudley, . 166 
Nov. 16 Letter from Mr. Sharpe to the Lords Commis- 
sioners for Trade and Plantations, . . . 157 
16 Letter Thos. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Dummer, . 159 

28 Letter Tiios. Westbrook to Lt. Gov. Dummer, . 160 
6 Letter Thos. Westbrook to Lt. Gov. Dummer, . 161 

26 Memorial & Petition of James Woodside, . . 1C3 

22 Letter from Mr. Dummer to the Lords Comiss^iJ 
for Trade and Plantations, .... 165 

6 Defence of Robert Armstrong, .... 166 

19 Letter L* Gov. Dummer to Mons. Vaudieuil, . 176 

25 Letter Capt. Saml Hinckes to Lt Gov. Dummer, 179 

4 Letter Lt. Gov. Dummer to Lt Kennedy, . . 180 

8 Letter from Col. T. Westbrook to L* Gov. 

Dummer, 181 

16 Letter Col. Westbrook to Lt Guv. Dummer, . 182 

23 Letter Allison Brown to Col. T. Westbrook, . 182 

24 Letter from Thos. Westbrook, . . . .183 

29 Letter Col. T. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Dummer, 183 
Letter Richard Davenport to Col. T. Westbrook, 184 

1 Col. T. W^estbrook to Lt Gov. Dummer, •. . 184 

2 Letter Col. T. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Dummer, 186 
6 Letter Col. T. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Dummer, 187 
8 Letter Capt. Johnson Harmon to Col. Westbrook, 188 

11 Col. T. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Dummer, , . 188 

13 Col. T. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Dummer, . . 189 

16 Col. T. Westbrook to Lt. Gov. Dummer, . . 190 

19 Letter from Nathan Knight, .... 193 

20 Letter Wm. Peperell & others to Col. T. West- 
brook, 190 

Apr. 21 Col. T. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Dummer, . 191 

Col. T. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Dummer, . . 192 

Apr. 26 Col. Thos. Westbrook to L. Gov. Dummer, . 193 

Apr. 27 Capt. Jos. Heath to Lt Gov. Wm. Dummer, . 194 

Apr. 28 Letter Col. Thos. Westbnjok to Lt Gov. Dummer, 196 

Apr. 29 Capt. John Penhallow to Lt Gov. Dummer, . 196 

May 1 Col. T. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Dummer, . . 197 



1725 


Feb. 


1726-6 


Feb. 




Mar. 


1725 


Mar. 




Mar. 



CHEONOLOGTCAL TABLE 

PAGE 

May G Jeremiah Moulton to L* Gov. Dummer, . 198 
May 16 Col. T. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Dummer, . . 199 
May 18 Capt. John Penballow to L* Gov. Dummer, . 199 
May 20 Col. Thos. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Dummer, . 201 
May 21 Letter Lt. Gov. Dummer to Col. Thos. West- 
brook, 201 

June 2 Col. T. Westbrook to L* Gov. Dummer, . . 202 

Col. T. Westbrook to L* Gov. Dummer, . 202 

June 5 Col. T. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Dummer, . . 203 

June 6 Col. T. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Dummer, . 204 

June 9 Letter Lt Gov. Dummer to Gov. Saltonstall, . 209 

June 13 Col. T. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Dummer, . 205 
June 24 Capt. Jos. Heath & Col. T. Westbrook to Lt 

Gov. Dummer, 206 

June 29 Zach Trescott to Edw. Hutchinson, . . 207 

July 13 John Wainwright to Lt Gov. Dummer, . . 213 

July 16 John Minot to Lt Gov. Dummer, . . . 208 

.July 19 Samuel Hinckes to Lt Gov. Dummer, . . 212 

Letter to Capt. Durrell, 214 

Aug. 18 Col. T. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Dummer, . . 215 

Col. T. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Dummer, . 216 

Sept. 1 Letter Lt. Gov. Dummer to Secretary Willard, 218 

Sept. 8 Letter John Gray to Lt Gov. Dummer, . . 219 

Letter Col. T. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Dummer, 220 
Sept. 12 Lt Govr Wentworth to the Lords Commiss" for 

Trade and Plantations, 221 

Sept. 15 Lt Govt Dummer to Mons. Vaudreuil, . . 223 

Sept. 16 Letter John Penhallow to Lt Gov. Dummer, . 224 

Sept. 18 Letter Lt Gov. Dummer to Colo Wheelwright, 225 

Letter " Lt Gov. Dummer to Col. Westbrook, 225 

Sept. 28 Letter from Thos. Westbrook, ... 226 

Letter to Mass. Agents in London, . . . 227 

Oct. 7 Letter Joseph Heath to Lt Gov. Dummer, . 229 

Oct. 9 Letter Saml Hincks to L* Gov. Dummer, . . 231 

Oct. 16 Letter James Parker to Lt Gov. Dummer, . 230 

Nov. 17 Letter Lt Gov. Dummer to Capt Wheelwright, . 232 

Nov. 21 Letter John Schuyler to Lt Gov. Dummer, . 233 

Dec. 16 Letter Gov. Wm. Burnet to Lt Gov. Dummer, . 234 
Dec. 22 Letter Hez. Wyllys Secy of Conn, to Lt Gov. 

Dummer, 235 

Dec. 29 Letter Col. T. Westbrook to Lt Col. Johnson 

Harmon, 238 

18 Thomas Sanders to Lt Gov. Dummer, . . 238 
18 Letter Edmund Mountfort to Lt Gov. Dummer, 239 
3 Letter from William Canedy, . . . .240 
22 Letter from John Schuyler to Hon. Wm. Dummer, 240 
26 Letter S. Thaxter & W. Dudley to Lt Gov. Dum- 
mer, 241 



OF CONTENTS XI 

PAGE 

Mar. 30 Letter John & Hannah Hunt to Lt Gov. Dummer, 243 

Apr. 4 Letter Col. Westbrook to L^ Gov. Dummer, . 243 

Apr. 5 Letter L* Gov. Dummer to Col. Westbrook, . 244 

Apr. 14 Letter John Gyles to Col. Westbrook, . . 246 

Letter L* Gov. Dummer to Col. T. Westbrook, 246 

Apr. 15 Letter John Gyles to L* Gov. Dummer, . . 24U 
Apr. 16 Letter from Thos. Westbrook, . . . .248 

Apr. 17 Letter Lt Gov. Dummer to Cajit. Bane, . . 249 

Apr. 20 Letter John Minot to Lt (iov. Dummer, . . 250 

Letter John Gray to Col. T. Westbrook, . 255 

Apr. 21 Letter from Col. J. Wentworth, .... 255 

Apr. 27 Letter Lt Gov. Dummer to Capt. J. Gyles, . 256 

Warrant, 257 

Letter L^; Gov. Dummer to Col. T. Westbrook, 257 

Apr. 28 Letter Nathan Knight to John Gray, . . 259 

Letter Col. T. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Wm. Dum- 
mer, 259 

Apr. 30 Letter from Arch^ Cuming et als, . . . 260 

May 4 Letter Capt. John Gray to L* Gov. Wm. Dummer, 265 

Letter Col. T. Westbrook to L* Gov. Wm. Dum- 
mer, . . .266 

May 11 Letter Gov. Dummer to Capt. Bourn, . . 267 

Letter Corp. Benj. Hassell to L* Gov. Dummer, 208 

May 12 Letter Eleazer Tyng to L* Gov. Dummer, . . 268 

May 13 Letter L\ Gov. Dummer to Col. Wentworth, . 270 

Letter L* Gov. Dummer to Col. Eleazer Tyng, 270 

May 14 Letter Eleazer Tyng to Lt Gov. Wm. Dummer, 271 

Letter Lt Gov. Dummer to Col. Eleazer Tyng, 272 
May 17 Letter Col. T. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Wm. Dum- 
mer, 273 

Letter Col. T. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Dummer, 274 

May 18 Letter Lt Gov. Dummer to Capt. Bourn, . 275 

Letter Lt Gov. Dummer to Col. Otis, . . .276 
May 19 Letter Col. Eleazar Tyng to Lt Gov. Dummer, 277 
May 21 Letter Col. T. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Dummer, 277 
May 23 Letter Lt Gov. J. Wentworth to Lt Gov. Dum- 
mer, 278 

May 24 Letter from Richard Davis, 279 

Letter Lt Gov. to Capt. Cornwall, ... 280 

May 25 Letter Capt Saml Hincks to Lt Gov. Inimnier, . 281 

May 26 Col. Johnson Harmon to Lt Gov. Dummer, . 282 
May 28 Letter from Lt Gov. J. Wentworth, . . .283 

June Instructions to Capt. Sanders, . , . 284 
June 4 Letter Lt Gov. Win. Dummer to Col. Johnson 

Harmon, 285 

Letter Lt Gov. Wm. Dummer to Col. T. West- 
brook, 285 



Xll CHRONOLGICAL TABLE 

PAGE 

June 21 Letter L* Gov. Wm. Dummer to L* Gov. J. 

Wentworth, 287 

Instructions to Cols Noyes & Apijletou, . 287 
June 22 Letter Col. T. Westbrook to L* Gov. Wm. Dum- 
mer, 288 

Letter Col. T. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Dummer, 289 

June 23 Letter Col. John Appleton to L* Gov. Dummer, 290 

A. Cumings Esqre to Mr. Secy. Popple, . . 291 

Letter L* Gov. Dummer to Col. Johnson Ilarman, 292 

June 24 Letter Col. T. Westbrook to L* Gov. Dummer, 292 

June 25 Letter from Mr. Delafaye, 292 

June 26 Letter Col. T. Westbrook to L* Gov. Dummer, 296 
Letter L* Gov. Wm. Dummer to Col. T. West- 
brook, 297 

June 28 Letter J. Stoddard & J. Waiuwright to Lt Gov. 

Wm. Dummer, 298 

Letter John Stoddard & John Wainwright to Lt 

Gov. Wm. Dummer, 298 

July 3 Thos. Westbrook to Hon. Wm. Dummer, . . 299 

Col. T. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Wm. Dummer, 300 

Col. T. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Dummer, . 301 

July 4 Col. T. Westbrook to Lt Wm. Dummer, . . 302 

July 6 Petition of Robert Armstrong, . . . 302 

Affidavit 303 

July 7 Col. T. Westbrook to L* Gov, Wm, Dummer, 304 

July 8 Col. T, Westbrook to Lt Gov. Wm, Dummer, 304 

July 9 Lt Gov, Wm, Dummer to Gov. J. Wentworth, 305 
July 9 Lt Gov. Wm. Dummer to John Stoddard & John 

Wainwright, 305 

Lt Gov. Wm, Dummer to Col. T. Westbrook, 306 

307 
308 



Lt Gov. Wm. Dummer to Col. T. Westbrook 

Lt Gov. Wm. Dummer to Capt Sanders, 
July 10 J. Stoddard, Sha Walton & Jno Wainwright 

Commas to Wenemonet & other chiefs, 
July 12 Capt. Joseph Heath to Lt Gov. Wm. Dummer 

Col. T. W^estbrook to L* Gov. Wm, Dummer 
July 14 Josiah Willard to Col. T. Westbrook, . 
July 21 Col. T. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Wm. Dummer 
July 23 J. D de St, Castin to Lt Gov. Wm. Dummer 
July 26 Capt. S. Wheelwright to Lt Gov, Wm. Dummer. 

Capt. S. Wheelwright to Col. T. Westbrook, . 
July 28 Col. T. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Wm. Dummer 
July 31 R. Waldron to Lt Gov. J. Wentworth, 

Lt Gov. Wm. Dummer to Col. T. Westbrook 
Aug. 7 Orders to Capt White & Wyman, 

Capt. James Grant to Lt Gov. Wra, Dummer, 
Aug. 12 Col. T. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Wm. Dummer 



OF CONTENT Xlll 

PAGE 

Aug. 16 L* Gov. Wm. Dummer to Col. Armstrong, . 321 

Aug. 18 John Bacon to Lt Gov. Wm. Dummer, . . 324 

Lt Jobn Pritchard to L* Gov. Wm. Dummer, 326 

Aug. 22 Lt Col. Johnson Harmon to Col. T. Westbrook, 327 

Aug. 23 Saml Jordan to L^ Gov. Dummer, . . . 328 

Aug. 25 Saml Cranston to L* Gov. Wm. Dummer, . 328 

Aug. 27 Dr. Bacon liberty to wait on Lt Gov., . . 329 

Orders to Capt. Smitli, 329 

Letter Col. T. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Wm. Dum- 
mer, 331 

Sept. 1 Col. T. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Wm. Dummer, 331 
Sept. 2 Capt. Thos. Smith to Lt Gov. Dummer, . 332 
Sept. 5 Johnson Harmon to Lt Gov. Dummer, . . 333 
Col. T. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Dummer, . 333 
Sept. 6 Letter H. Holland & others, .... 333 
Sept. 9 Col. Thos. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Dummer, . 334 
Orders to Col. Harmon & Capt Moulton, . . 335 
L* Gov. Dummer to Col. Westbrook, . . 335 
Sept. 10 H. Holland & others to Lt Gov. Dummer, . .336 
H. Holland & others to Cols Partridge & Stod- 
dard, 337 

Col. T. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Dummer, . . ,3.37 

Sept. 13 Josiah Willard to Henry Hollard & others, . 338 

Sept. 16 Col. T. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Dummer, . . 338 

Sept. 24 Lt Gov. Dummer to Col. Westbrook, . . 339 

Sept. 25 Ch: Delafaye to the Lords Commissioners, . 340 

Sept. 29 Col. Wm Pepperrell to Lt Gov. Dummer, . 340 

Oct. 1 Col. T. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Dunmier, . . 341 

Oct, 4 .John Minot to C(il. Stephen Minot, . . ,342 

Josiah Willard to Col. Westbrook, . . . 347 

Josiah Willard to Capt Thos Smith, . . .347 

Josiah Willard to Col. Wm Pepperrell, . . 348 

J. Willard to Capt. Grant & Lt Bragdon, . 349 

Oct. 7 Col. T. Westbrof>k to L* Gov. Wm Dummer, 349 

Oct. 14 Sam' Willard to Lt Gov. Dummer, . . 3.")0 

Lt Gov. Dummer to Gov. Armstrong, . . 351 

' Nov. 5 Letter from James Stevenson, .... 352 

Nov. 15 Sam" Stacy to Lt Gov. Dummer, . . . 352 

Dec. 21 Lt Gov. Dummer to Col. T. Westbrook, . .353 

1726 Jan. 4 Resolve, 3.54 

Jan. 13 Rev. Christopher Toppan to Lt Gov. Dummer, 354 

Jan. 28 Col. T. Westbrook to Lt Gov. Dummer, . . 357 

Mar. 25 Lt Gov. Dummer to the Lords of Trade, &c, . :;68 

Oct. 4 Wenungenit to Lt Gov. Dummer, . . . 365 

Dec. 15 Cai)t. Joseph Heath to Lt Gov. Dummer, . . 366 

1720-7 Feb. 27 Capt. ,Iohn Gyles to Lt Gov. Dummer, . . 355 

Mar. 6 Capt tIkjh Smith to Lt Gov. Dummer, . , 357 



XIV CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 

PAGE 

Mar. 14 L* Gov. Dumnier to Wenungennet, . . 358 

Lt Gov. Dummer to Col? Stoddard & Tartridge, 359 

Mar. 17 Capt. John Gyles to L* Gov. Dumnier, . . 359 

Capt. Thos Smith to L* Gov. Dummer, . . 360 

Mar. 21 L* Gov. Dummer to Capt. John Giles, . . 362 

Mar. 22 Col. Sam\ Partridge to the Commissioners at 

Albany, 364 

1727 Mar. 24 Capt. Jos. Heath to Lt Gov. Dumnier, . . 867 

JIar. 27 Capt. John Gyles to L* Gov, Dummer, . , 370 

Ph. Livingston & others Commfs to Col? Stod- 
dard & Partridge, 371 

Mar. 31 Wm Woodside to Lt Gov. Dummer, . . 373 

Apr. 3 Col. Partridge to L* Gov. Dummer, . . . 374 

Capt Thos Smith to Lt Gov. Dummer, . . 374 

Capt. John Gyles to Lt Gov. Dummer, . . 375 

Apr. 8 Capt. John Gyles to Lt Gov. Dummer, . . 376 

Capt. John Gyles to Lt Gov. Dummer, . . 379 

Apr. 13 Capt. Joseph Heath to Lt Gov. Dummer, . 379 

Secretary Willard to Comm" for Ind. Affairs, . 381 

Apr. 25 Secrys Letters to Capt Heath & Gyles, . . 381 

Capt. John Gyles to Lt Gov. Dummer, . . 383 

Cpt. Gyles Conference, 385 

Apr. 23 Capt. John Giles to Lt Gov. Dummer, . . 385 
May 4 Memorial of Cajit. John Gyles to Lt Gov. Dum- 
mer, 387 

:\lay 15 Capt. Tho? Smith to Lt Gov. Wm Dummer, . 388 

May 15-16 Capt. John Gyles to L* Gov. Dummer, . . 389 

May 16 Capt. John Gyles to acquaint Wennogenet, . 391 

May 19 John Gyles Enterpet, 391 

James Blaggdon or Braggdon inlisted into service, 392 

:May 20 Wm Vaughan to Hon. W^ Dummer Esqr . . 390 

May 23 Letter L. Gov. Dummer, 393 

Letter L. Gov. Dummer to Col. Wheelv^'right, . 397 

]\Iay 26 John Gyles Euterr , 398 

May 27 John Gyles Enterr , 398 

L. Gov. Dummer to Capt. John Gyles, . . 399 
May 29 Wm Dummer to Capt. John Gyles, . . .392 

L. Gov. Dummer to Capt. Heath & Capt. Gyles, 393 

June 8 Letter Samuel Jordan to Lt Gov. Dummer, . 400 
June 12 Letter Chiefs of Norridgewock Woweenock & 

Arressegontoogook to Lt Gov. Dummer, . 400 

June 12 Letter Capt. Joseph Heath to Lt Gov. Dummer, 401 

June 14 Letter Capt. John Gyles to Lieut. Gov. Dummer, 403 

June 17 Letter Lt Gov. Dummer to the Penobscot Sachem, 405 

Letter Lt Gov. Dummer to Capt. John Gyles, . 406 

Letter L* Gov. Dummer to Lieut. Clark, . . 406 

Letter L* Gov. Dummer to Indians at Richmond, 407 



OF CONTENTS 



XV 



1728 



June 


17 


June 


22 


June 


26 


June 


27 


June 


30 


Aug. 


7 


Aug. 


24 


Oct. 


10 



Oct. 11 



Oct. 14 



Nov. 
Dec. 
Dec. 
Dec. 





Oct. 


>» 




Nov, 


2 




Nov. 


18 


1729 


Mar. 


26 




Sept. 


1 




Oct. 


9 



Nov. 14 



Nov. 15 



Dec. 26 



PAGE 

Letter Lt (;nv. Dummer to Capt. Jordan, . 407 

John (iyles, Knterp^ , 408 

Capt. John Gyles to L* Gov. Dumnur, . . 409 

Wenogent to L* Gov. Dummer, .... 409 

Governor's Message, 411 

Letter from Joseph Heath, 410 

Letter from John Wentworth, .... 411 

Letter from John Wentworth, .... 415 

Message from the House, ..... 410 

Message from Lieut. Govr , . . . . . 417 

Vote, 417 

Message from the Lt Govr , 418 

Petition of Samuel Jones, .... 418 

Message from the Governor, .... 420 

Petition of Domini Jordan et als, . . . 420 
Falmouth Petition relative to Claims of f )ld Pro- 
prietors, ........ 421 

Petition of Heirs &c. of Ancient Proprietors &c. 

of Falmouth, 423 

Letter from Mr. Ralph Gulston, . , . .428 

Capt. John (iyle-s to Gov. Wm Burnett, , . 430 

Letter Sam' Wainwright to Gov. Burnett, . . 430 

Colonel Dummer to David Dunbar, . . 431 
Grant of land to John Beauchamp & Thos. Lcv- 

erett, 434 

Petition of Robert Boyes & David Cargill, . 439 
Colonel Dunbar to the Lords Commissioners, . 440 
The Claims of Christf>pher Toppan, . . 44.") 
John Gyles to Colonel Dunbar, .... 445 
Chiefs of the Indians of Penobscot to Col. Dun- 
bar, 440 

Lieut. Gov. Wentworth to the Lords Commis- 
sioners, ........ 448 

Thomas Coram Esqr., 436 

Lieutenant Govr Dummer to Colonel Dunbar, . 450 

Colonel Dunbar to (Jovf Dummer, . . . 451 

Colonel Dunbar to Mr Secretary Popjtle, . . 453 

Colonel Dunbar to the Duke of Newcastle, . 458 

Lieut Gov"" Dummer to the Duke of Newcastle, 468 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



STATE OF MAINK 



Coll. LedgeU Memor^\ touching Trade w*^ tlie Indians ^c. 

The Northern parts of America called New England very 
much distressed by a warr with y® natives assisted by y* 
French is greatly added to if not wholy continued by some prac- 
tises amongst themselves openly done without restraint. The 
Peltry of y' Countrey is generall}^ & more espetialy in y® 
Eastern parts taken by y" Indian natives, & from them pur- 
chased by y® English with severall commodities viz Blanket- 
ing & linnen for cloathing, corne, kettles, Iron, steel, liquors, 
powder, lead, shot & gunns &c at very great rates which 
turns to y** great advantage of y® concerned but is of fatall 
consequence to y^ publick by supplying their enemys with y^ 
necessaryes of their own destruction as may apear by y* vast 
depredations made on many but most immediately those parts 
where it hath been so done. In y^ year 1688 when y* 
Indians first broke with y^ English y® Government then took 
.such care y' no person upon what p''tence soever should 
trade or be concernd with either French or Indian by which 
means y* Indians were so distressed for want of fire-arms 
powder & lead y^ they scarcely did subsist & y*" Clieifs of 
them came to make supplication for a Peace in y*' moneth of 
April! 1689 a few dayes before y^ revolution there hapened 



2 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

& y^ Indians not finding whom they expected to apply to 
returned in few dayes & continue a warr to this time w*^*^ 
they have been & are enabled to do by y® English themselves. 
In y® begining of y* year 1689 a Briganteen of which one 
Hunt was Ma"" brought into Boston much Peltry purchased 
as above at her going out upon y* voyage gave out to be 
bound to Bermudas & so cleard at y^ respective offices but 
disposed y" goods then aboard to y® Indians or French or 
both who then were in y^ greatest want for powder &c with 
Avhich they were then supply d in great plenty. Since then 
many have used y® same trade & continue so to do without 
any contradiction. 

JSnd : Coll LedgeVs Mem^ touching trade 

with the Indians ^ French in New England. 

Bec'^ feh. 1692/3 



Sir William Phipps to Earl of Nottingham. 

My Lord 

my duty obliges mee to Give their Maj*!*'^ and 
Your Lordship an account of the state of their Maj*j®^ 
affaires here, I have in two letters Since my arivall informed 
your Lordship of what had then occurred and now to avoyd 
giveing your Lordship the trouble of reading a long letter I 
have given the particulars of what occurs att present in a 
letter to M^ Blathwayt which I have intreated may be laid 
before your Lordship, onely I beg leave once more to repre- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 6 

sent of how great advantage the (/onquest of Canada will 
bee, not only to their Maj*!®^ and to the English Nation but 
alsoe to your Lordship as it may bee mannaged, if his Maj"® 
will be pleased to give mee his instructions therein and a 
Sufficient Supply of Ships and stores of warr among which 
some jMorters and bombs will be necessary & to be ready 
here to attaque that place in the Spring I doubt not but 
heaven will give Successe and the people of this Province 
are inclined to goe with mee and declare if his Maj*^!® is 
pleased for to order it and to appoynt me to Comand in 
that Expedition there shall bee noe need to presse men. My 
Lord Your Noble and Generous disposition inclines you to 
favour all designes that tend to promote Such good effects 
w*^.^ makes multiplicity of arguments needlesse I will onely 
beg that if this be ordered by their Maj*?®^ I may by your 
Lordships Comand have an oppertunity to expresse my for- 
wardnesse in any particular service to your Lordship I have 
with Six hundred men beaten our french and Indian Enemys 
and gave the plunder and Captives to the Soldiers w*^? hath 
much encouraged them many of the Enemy were killed and 
but two of our men I have caused a new Fort to be built att 
Pemaquid and have put the Gonns sent by their Maj*!^* into 
it and have put it into a Condition to secure our easterne 
parts which much satisfyes their Maj^i®^ Subjects in this 
Province it being the first check given to the Enemy for 
severall yeares past. I have alsoe caused the inhabitants of 
Port Royall to renew their oath of alegiance to their Maj'^!*'^ 
there are some few persons here that two much Idolize the 
old Charter and others who envy the favours conferred on 
mee by their Maj*'^^ that seeks my prejudice, I beg the 
favour of your Lordship that I may have liberty to defend 
my selfe in what relates to their Maj*'^^ Service if any of 
my Enemys attempt to lessen their Maj*!^« favourable oppin- 
ion of mee That tlieir Maj**^« may have a longe and happy 



4 DOCU]\rENTAE,Y HISTOEY 

reigne, and your Lordships happinesse may be beyond 
Expression Encreased is the harty and earnest desire of 
Your Lordships most faithfull 
humble Servant 

William Phips 

E:) ^r W^ FMpps 

Boston Octoh 12. 1692. 

Ad : ) To 

the Right Hon^^^ the Earle of Nottingham 
att Whitehall 
in England 



Sir William Phipps to Earl of Nottingham. 



,2 



Boston in New England Feb: 21** 169| 
May it Please your Lordship 

By the Captain of the Samuell & Henry, 
I gave ye account, that at my arrivall here, I found the pris- 
ons full of people, Comitted upon suspition of witchcraft ; 
and that Complaints were Continually made to me, that many 
persons were grieveousely tormented, by witches, and that 
they cryed out vpon severall persons by name, as the Cause 
of their Torments. The number of those Complamts increas- 
ing every day, by advice of the Liev* Govern! and the Coun- 
cill, T gave a Commission of Oyer and Terminer to try som of 
the suspected witches, and at that time the generallity of peo- 
ple, represented the matter to me as Reall witchcraft, and gave 
very strange instances of the same ; The first in y® Comission 
was the Liev* Governour, and the rest were persons of the 
best prudence and ffigure that could then be pitched upon, 
and I depended vpon the Court for a right method of pro- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 5 

ceeding in cases of witchcraft ; att that time I went to Com- 
mand the Army at the Eastern part of the Province, for y® 
ffrench, and Indians, had made an attacque vpon som of the 
frontier Towns, I continued there some time, but when I 
returned I found people much dissattisfyed, at y" proceedings 
of the Court, for about twenty persons, were Condemned, 
and Executed, of wich number some were thought by many 
persons to be inocent, the Court still proceeded in the same 
method of trying them, which was by the Evidence of the 
afflicted persons, who when they were brought into the Court, 
as soone as the suspected witches, looked on them, instantly 
fell to the ground, in strange agonies, and grieveouse torment ; 
but when touched by them vpon the arme, or some other part 
of their flesh, they imediately revived, and came to them- 
selves, vpon which they made oath that the prison^ at the 
Barr, did afflict them, and that they saw theire shape or 
Spectre, com from their bodyes, which put them to such 
paines, and torments; when Inquired into the matter, I was 
Informed by the Judges, that they began with this, but had 
humaine Testimony, against such as were Condemned, and 
undoubted proof of their being witches; But at length I 
found that the Devill, did take vpon him the shape of inocent 
persons, and some were accused, of whose Inocency I was 
well assured, and many Considerable persons, of vublamable 
life, and conversations were cryed out vpon as witches, and 
wizzards : The Deputy Govern^ notwithstanding persisted 
vigorousely ui the same method, to y^ great dissatisfaction, 
and disturbance of the people, vntill I put an end to y^ Court, 
and stopped the proceedmgs ; which I did because I saw 
many inocent persons, might otherwise perrish, and at that 
time I thought it my duty to give an account thereof, that 
their Maj"*" pleasure conferming this pplexed affaire might 
be signifyed, hopemg that for the better ordering thereof, the 
Judges learned in the Law in England, might give such rules. 



6 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and directions, as have been practiced in England, for pro- 
ceeding in soe difficult and nice a point : when I putt an end 
to y^ Court, there was at least fifty persons in prison, in great 
misery by reason of the extream Cold, and their poverty, 
most of them haveing onely spectre Evidence, against them, 
and their mittimus's being defective, I caused some of them 
to be lett out vpon Baile, and put the Judges vpon Consider- 
ing of a way to relieve others, and prevent their perishmg in 
prison, vpon which some of them were Convmced, and 
acknowled that their former proceedings were too violent, 
and not grounded vpon a right fomidation, but that if they 
might sitt againe they vould proceed after another method ; 
and whereas Mr. Increase Mather, and severall other Divines, 
did give it as their Judgement, that the Devill might afflict 
in the shape of an Inocent person, and that the look, and the 
touch of the suspected persons, was not sufficient proof 
against them, these things had not the same stress laid vpon 
them as before ; And vpon this Consideration, I pmitted a 
Speciall superior Court to be held at Salem, in the County of 
Essex, on the third day of January, the Liev* GovernT being 
Chief Judge, Their method of proceeding being altered, all 
that were brought to tryall to the number of fifty two were 
cleared saveing three, and I was informed by the Kmgs 
Attorney Gen^.^ that some of the Cleared, and the Condemned, 
were vnder the same Circumstances, or that there was the 
same reason, to Clear, the three Condemned, as the rest 
according to his Judgem^ The Deputy Govern^ signed a 
varrant for their Speedy Execution, and allso of five others, 
who were Condemned at the former Court of Oyer and Ter- 
miner, but Considering how the matter had been managed, I 
sent a reprieve whereby the Execution was stopped vntill 
their Maj*!®^ pleasure were signifyed, and declared; The 
Liev* Govern^ vpon this occasion, was enraged and filled 
with passionate anger, and refused to sitt vpon the Bench at 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 7 

a Superior Court at that time held at Charles towne ; and 
indeed hath from the begining hurryed on these matters with 
great precipitancy ; and by his warrant hath caused the 
Estates, goods and chatles, of the Executed, to be seized and 
disposed of, vithout my knowledge, or Consent ; the stop put 
to the first method of proceeding, hath dissipated the black 
Cloud that threatened this province, with destruction, For 
whereas this delusion of y^ Devill, did spread, and its Dismall 
effects, touched the lives and Estates, of many of their Maj"*'* 
subjects, and the reputation of some of the principall persons 
here, and indeed vnhapply clogged, and interupted their 
Maj**^^ affairs, which hath been a great vexation to me. 

I have no new Complaints, but peoples mindes before 
divided, and distracted, by different opinions, concerning this 
matter, are now well Composed. 
My Lord 
I am yo^ Lordships most faithfull humble servant 

William Phips 

£';) FelV 21 1693 

To The Right Ho-nP^^ 

The Earle of Nottingham 
att Whitehall London. 



The Submission and Agreements of the Eastern Indians. 

Province of the 

Massachusetts Bay At Fort William Henry in Pem- 

in New England aquid the Eleventh day of Aug* 

In the Fifth Yeare of the Reign 
of our Soveraign Lord and Lady 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

William and Mary by the Grace of 
God of England Scotland France 
and Ireland King and Queen 
Defend^« of the Faith &c^ 1693. 
WHEREAS a bloody war has for some yeares now past 
been made and carried on by the Indians within y® Eastern 
parts of the s'^ Province against their Maj*!®* Subjects the 
English through the instigation and Influences of the 
French. And being sensible of the miseries which we and 
our People are reduced unto by adhering unto their ill 
Counsells. Wee whose names are hereto subscribed being 
Sagamores and Chief Captaines of all the Indians belonging 
unto the Several Rivers of Penobscot, Kenebeck, Amaras- 
cogin and Saco, parts of the s^ Province of the Massachu- 
setts Bay within their s? Maj*'^^ Soveraignty, having made 
application unto his Excellency S^ William Phips K°.* Cap? 
General and Governour in Chief in and over y*" s? Province 
that the War may be put to an end Doe lay down our Arms 
and cast our selves upon their said Maj*!^^ Grace and Favour 
And each of us respectively for our selves, and in the name 
and with the free consent of all the Indians belonging unto 
the several Rivers afores^ and of all other Indians within 
the s^ Province of and from Merrimack River unto the most 
Easterly bounds of s? Province hereby acknowledging our 
hearty subjection and obedience unto the Crown of England 
Do solemnly covenant, promise and agree to and with the 
said S^ William Phips and his Successors in the place of 
Cap? General and Governor in Chief of the afores? Prov- 
ince or Territory on their s^ Maj*!®^ behalfe in manner fol- 
lowing Viz* 

That at all time and times for ever from 
and after the date of these presents We will cease and for- 
bear all acts of hostility towards the Subjects of the Crown 
of England, and not offer the least hurt or violence to them 



OF THE STATE OF IVIAINE 9 

or any of them in their persons or Estate, but will hencefor- 
ward hold and maintain a firm and constant amity and 
friendship with all the English. 

Item We do abandon and forsake the French Interest and 
will not in any wise adhere to, aid or assist them in their 
Wars or designes against the English, nor countenance, suc- 
cor or conceale any of the Enemy Indians of Canada, or 
other place that shall happen to come to any of our Planta- 
tions within y® English Territory, but secure them if in our 
power and deliver them up to the English. 

That all English Captives in the hands or power of any of 
the Indians within the Limits afores? shall with all possible 
speed be set at liberty and returned home without any Ran- 
som or Payment to be made or given for them or any of 
them. 

Tliat their Maj"^^ Subjects the English shall and may 
peaceably and quietly enter upon improve and for ever enjoy 
all and singular their Rights of Land and former Settlem!^ 
and Possessions within the Eastern parts of the s? Province 
of the Massachusetts Bay without any pretentions or claunes 
by us or any other Indians, and be in no wayes molested, 
interrupted or disturbed therein. 

That all Trade and Commerce which hereafter may be 
allowed betwixt the English and Indians shall be under such 
management and Regulations as may be Stated by an Act of 
the General Assembly, or as the Governour of s? Province 
for the time being with the advice and consent of the Coun- 
cil shall see cause to direct and limit. 

If any controversy or difference at any time hereafter hap- 
pen to arise betwixt any of the English and Indians for any 
real or supposed wrong or injury done on one side or the 
other, no private Revenge shall be taken by the Indians for 
the same, but proper application be made to their Maj"®' Gov- 
ernment upon the place for remedy thereof in a due course 



10 DOCTJMENTAEY HISTORY 

of Justice. We hereby submitting ourselves to be Ruled and 
Governed by their Maj"^* Laws and desire to have the bene- 
fit of the same. 

For the more full manifestation of our sincerity and Integ- 
rity in all that which we have herein before covenanted 
and promised. Wee do deliver unto S^ William Phips their 
Maj*!^^ Governour afores? Ahasombamet Brother to Edgere- 
met Wenongahewet Cousin to Modochawando and Edgeremet 
and Ragatewawongan alias Sheepscot John to abide and 
remain in the custody of the Enghsh, where the Governour 
shall direct as Hostages or Pledges for our fidelity and true 
performance of all and every the aforegoing Articles reserv- 
ing Hberty to exchange them in some reasonable time for a 
like number, to the acceptance of the Governor and Council 
of s^ Province so as they be persons of as good account and 
Esteeme amongst the Indians as those which are to be 
exchanged IN TESTIMONY whereof we have hereunto set 
our several marks and Scales the day and years first above 
written 

Signed 

Edgeremet — V- 
The above written In- signed 

strument was deliber- Madackawamdo JL^ 
ately read over and the 

serveral Articles and Wessembomet \^<zll3-^ 
Clauses thereof inter- q£ Noridgwock 

preted unto the Indians signed 

S)9' 



who said they well un- 
derstood and consented 



Weenokson of Teconet 



thereto, and was then . -, ^ -.n j. ^r • . i t^'sl 

m behaile oi Moxist i^-l 
signed. Sealed and De- \~ 

livered in presence of us „ ^ . » ^ 7 rci^i 

^ Katerramogis oi \/ tsigj 

Noridgwock 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



11 



Jolrn Wiiig 
Nicli? Manning 
John Hornebrook 

John SigQum 

Ragatawawongan \ jj^^gj.- 
alias /prets, 

Sheepscot John 

Signed 

Phil X Ousa 
his Squaw 

Benj* Jackson 



Ahanquil 
of Penobscot 



Bomaseen 

Nitamemet 
Webenes 
Awansomeck 
Robm V 

Madaumbis 



A" 

i Signed 



Signed 



Doney 



t 

Paquaharet s*e°«^ 
al? Nathaniel "j 

A true Copy 
E""® by Is* Addington Secfy 

U:') Articles of Agreement of the Eastern 

Indians in Massachu^ Colony 
Aug. 11. 1693. 



[Signed] 



12 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



X X 



The generall State of the Province we observe both from 
your aforesaid Letter, and from the Representation you have 
made of it in conjunction with the Councill and Assembly 
together with other Papers that now lye before us; Your 
proceedings upon the News of the Discovery of the late con- 
spiracy here, appeare to have been suitable to the occasion ; 
Your diligence also in the defence of Piscataqua, and other- 
ways for the Annoyance of the Enemy, upon their taking of 
Pemaquid is answerable to the Trust reposed in you, Th6 
the easy surrender of that Fort by those that were in it is not 
so but on the contrary a reproachfull Action unworthy of 
English men ; And we shall therefore expect a further 
Account of Your proceedings against the Governor of that 
Fort, whom you say, you have put under confinement, and 
as we are however upon this occasion to assure you that his 
Majesty will always have a particular regard to the security 
of New England, and the adjacent provinces, so we must 
needs exhort you in the meane while ( and doubt not of your 
readinesse in it) to continue your utmost care and vigilance 
in putting things into such order, and giving such timely 
assistance to Your neighbours as may hinder any new irrup- 
tions of the French, and the Northerne Indians into those 
Provinces, the preservation of which will be your best 
security. 

This we are so much more obliged to presse you in, 
because the fresh News we have received from Newfoundland 
gives us also fresh apprehensions of danger threatned to you ; 
Monsieur D'iberville he that commanded the French Forces 
and Indians the last Summer at Pemaquid has now in like 
manner taken S* John's in Newfoundland, sent away all the 
English Inhabitants ( whereof above 200 are already arrived 
at Dartmouth) and made himself Master of the whole Coun- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 13 

trey ; threatning, as those that are arriv'd from thence report, 
so soon as the Season permits, to fall upon New England. 
This therefore we say, lays an obligation upon you, to exert 
an extraordinary vigour in preparing for the defence of that 
Coiuitrey. Tho his Majesty will certainly be mmdfull of it, 
yet he may well expect that the Inhabitants of that Colony 
should also Act their part m repairing their Forts, and put- 
ting all places that are most exposed ( Saccoe particularly ) 
into a condition of making a firm resistance. But more 
especially we must also needs minde you of the importance 
of resetling a Fort at Pemaquid, or rather at some convenient 
place that may be pitched upon thereabouts, a little more 
remote from the Sea ; By which means we conceive, it being 
freed from the Attacks, which the former Fort was exposed 
to by Ships, it will the more easily be depended against any 
Attempts that can be made upon it by Land. 

X X X X X X 

( No Endorsement ) 



Paris, Decemb^ ^ 1697. 
May it please Your Lordships. 

That having sometime before my coming 
from P^ngland to this place laid before Your Honours a cer- 
tain Memorial relating to the 8^^ Article in the Treaty of 
Peace concluded between his Majesty and the French King 
which as you then did approve of, soe likewise were pleased 
to lay your Commands for further information of anything 
that might occur or come to my Knowledge by my being in 
France, and by my acquaintance and frequenting those here 
who are more particularly interested in those Countries, 
wherein I have not been wanting to sound their uitentions 



14 DOCUlVrEXTARY HISTORY 

as far as opportunity has permitted and am thereby ye more 
confirmed of the necessity of maintaining our Rights and 
having them especially inserted by Articles conformable to 
my Memoire as aforesaid. But what I have now further to 
ad for Your Lordships Information is, That the French will 
endeavour and accordingly Instructions will be given unto 
their Commissioners to extend their limitts unto the River 
of Kenebeck, designing to make that the boundarie between 
us and them on the Eastern parts of New England, under 
the plausible pretence that that River being most noted and 
of the largest extent of any in those parts. Crossing 
through the Land almost unto the Great River of Canada, 
they thereby shall be able to withhold thek Indians under 
such a noted boundarie from any future Excursions upon us 
on the Westerne side, but presuming that it will not be disa- 
greeable unto your Lordships that I give my sentiments 
herein which I the rather doe to prevent any surprize or mis- 
take which may arise from any their specious pretences. I 
shall therefore expose before your Honours the nature con- 
sequence and value of such a concession w?^ in time to come 
may be as fatall and irreparable unto the Interest of the 
Crown and the prosperity of those Countryes as the late sur- 
render of Nova Scotia ( by the Treaty of Breda ) has proved, 
at first I cannot see any further security concerning the 
Indians but on the Contrary those of that River being now 
our greatest Enimies will rather be incouraged then other- 
wise, seing their country delivered up to the French, which 
those barbarous Nations will rather interprett to be for want 
of Power to keep, then any voluntary resignation, so that we 
shall thereby become the object of their scorne and con- 
tempt, which will sooner incourage then restrain them in 
their insolencies and enterprizes upon us. 
Whereas if the French will bonafide endeavour to maintain 
and promote the Publique Peace and tranquility nothing is 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 15 

more easy then to restrain them under the limitts they were 
formerly bounded m which is the River St George about 5 
leagues to the Eastward of Pemaquid and was alwayes the 
ancient Boundarie in my late Uncle S^ Thomas Temple's 
Patent further then which they have no manner of pretence 
or claime, But the consequence to us on the Contraie will be 
of utmost moment, at first we hereby shall deprive our 
selves of 4 or 5 of our best fishing Islands and Harbours, 
Secondly the said River being of much larger extent then 
Pesquataqua will be a perpetuall supply of Masts, Timber, 
Deal boards &c when the other will fail many parts of it 
being almost exhausted by the Continuall Exportation that 
has been made 

3^.'y the goodness of the land and its convenient situation 
renders it advantagious to be re established, by which and 
a prudent management with the Natives which I do not 
hold it impossible to regain them to their ancient amity 
with us, for that it will manifestly be their interest 
soe to doe, by reason of their being amongst us, and that we 
can and alwayes do supply them cheaper and give better 
prizes for their peltry then the French, for it was not thro 
hatred to us, but by the mismanagement of some amongst us 
of which the French took advantage to insinuate and mflu- 
ence them to break out into a War as at present ; I say that 
notwithstanding all which they are to be regained, being a 
people that love and studdy their own interest as much as 
others &c 

As to our Fisheries on the coast of the Cape Sables I find 
they will obstruct us if they can, and that nothing but a vig- 
orous asserting of our uninterrupted right and Custome 
( ever since those Countries have been inhabited ) will pre- 
serve us. But having in my former Memorial, said what is 
requisite on this and other subjects, I shall not further 
detain your Lordships, hoping about 3 weeks hence I may 



16 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

be in London, where if in anything 1 may be Serviceable to 
the publique interest I shall allwayes be most ready to obey 
Your Lordships Commands, being Your Lordships 
Most humble and most obedient Ser* 

J? Nelson. 

Endorsed. 

Copy of MK NeUoria Letter from Paris relating to the 
Designs of the French for extending their Boundaries on the 
Eastern parts of New England Becemh'^. j^ 1697 



To their Excellencies the Lords 
Justices of England. 

The Petition of John Nelson, Nephew and Exec- 
utor to S"^ Thomas Temple Bar'^.* late Governor of Nova 
Scotia &c 

humbly Sheweth. 

That the said ST Thomas Temple long since did purchase 
from one MonsT Charles de la Tour, tho mheritance of Nova 
Scotia, and part of the Comitry called L'Accadie and all the 
Forts, plantations and trade thereof to him and liis heires &c., 
which said Countries were first discovered and planted by 
ST William Alexander, afterwards Earl of Sterling, and 
others of the Scotish Nation in the time of King James the 
First, and by the Authority of that Cro^^^l the Government 
and proprietie thereof was granted unto the said Earl and his 
heires &c. and by him afterwards conveighed unto the afore- 
said MT Charles de la Tour, to hold under the Cro^\^l of 
Scotland, and by him quietly enjoyed mitill the then Common 
Wealth of England, did in the year 1654 possess themselves 



OF THE STATE OF IVIAINE 1 7 

of it, It being in the hands of a Frenchman, who thereupon 
Comeing to England, and makeing out his Title from under 
the said Earl of Sterling, and the Crown of Scotland, his right 
was allowed and he restored, and thereon conveighed his said 
right unto S' Thomas Temple as aforesaid, who enjoyed the 
same, untill the Treatie of Breda, did build divers Forts for 
the Defence thereof and made other Improvements, which 
cost above 16,000<£ notwithstanding which upon some false 
Sugestions of the French Ministers, that it did formerly belong 
unto the Crown of France, his late Majesty King Charles the 
Second did without any Examination or Notice given mito 
the parties concern'd at the aforesaid Treatie, article to 
restore the same unto France, and by severall Orders of 
Councill required the delivery thereof unto Mon*"^ de la 
Grand Fountaine a person sent by the French-King & which 
was accordingly complyed with That the said S"^ Thomas 
Temple dying did by his last will devise all his right and 
title of the premises unto your petitioner, who during this 
present war with France hath hazarded both his person and 
Estate in the recoverie thereof where through misfortune 
falling into their hands, has been kept a Prisoner in France 
for this five years last past, and does yet so continue under 
Caution &c, and in the mean time the said Country being for 
the most part regained by the English, the same hath been 
by surprise included in the Patent of the Government of the 
Massachusetts Bay in New England &, this being the true 
state of the Case and your Petitioner bemg informed of a 
Treatie now on foot between England and France, and fear- 
ing that his Majesty for want of information should be sur- 
prized in this Aifaire, by neglecting or quitting so considerable 
a part of his Dominion and Trade, as well as the proprietie 
of your Petitioner & Therefore Your Petitioner humbly prayes 
that Your Excellencys will be pleased to make a timely rep- 
resentation of this affair unto his Majesty that such due care 



18 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and Consideration may be had thereof as to his Majesty in 
his great Wisdome- shall seem Just and Expedient &c. 
And your Petitioner shall ever pray. 



Endorsed N^ 6. 



Go-py of MV Nelson s Petition relating to his Title to Nova 
Scotia as Nephew to jST Thomas Temple deceased / 
April the W'} 1697. 



To the Honourable the Lords Commissioners for Trade &c 

Conformable unto your Lordships desires some times since 
signified unto me, I have here annexed a Breif and Summarie 
Account of the Originall right and title the Crown of Eng- 
land hath unto the Countries of Nova Scotia, and L'Accadie, 
which memoire or paper tho' long since delivered in unto 
M^ Vernon may have need of your Lordships revivall, and 
perticular instance in this Conjuncture, and for as much that 
the French doe yet retaine some parts on the North side of 
the Bay of Fundie, in those Countries it is not improbable, 
but that they will yet continue their pretentions unto the 
whole. Where as setting aside, all other our antient and 
just Titles thereunto, we have a present and actuall right by 
Conquest made upon them of Port Royall, The Mines and 
Siganectoe which are in the bottom of the said Bay of Fundie 
( or the Bay Francois, as the French call it ) and so all along 
the Coast of Cape Sables, unto a place called Merleguash 
about 60 leagues beyond the said Cape Eastward, which said 
Countries are very considerable from the fisherie, whereon 
depends the chiefest of the Trade of New England, New 
Hampshire &c which if well assured unto us, might in a 



OF THE STATE OF MATNE 19 

manner Equall and be of as much advantage as Newfound- 
land therefore I presume it may be thought worth our Insist- 
ing upon, Especially smce it hath cost so much charge in the 
reduction of it by S^ William Phips in the year 1690, and 
since by the yearly attendance and gard by his Majestys 
Frigatts given unto the French Inhabitants of those parts, 
who have all of them, that is to say the Inhabitants of Port 
Royall the Mines and Siganectoe divers times renewed their 
Submission and alleadgeances unto the Crown of England, 
by oaths administred unto them, and by contracts in writing 
&c one of which being an Originall Signed by the most Not- 
able of the principall Inhabitants of Siganectoe, unto myself 
m the year 1691. I here produce unto your Lordships, and 
I am informed that since my restraint in France, the Govern- 
ment of the Massachusetts and the Commanders of his 
Majestys Ships residing in those Countries have allmost 
every year received the English pretentions of right by Con- 
quest and have accordingly received the hke acknowledg- 
ments from the French who remain upon the place. This 
being all I am able to informe your Lordships, what improve- 
ment may be made thereon, is not for me to determine. But 
am very sure that it is greatly the Interest of the Crown to 
maintain our right herein, which may the more Evidently 
appear from the great mischiefs which has befallen us ever 
since that precipitant and unadvised rendition of the said 
Countries unto the French by the Treaty of Breda, whereby 
we have not only lost the greatest and best part of our Fishing 
Coast, but also it has been the reason of all our differences 
with the Indians, which has been so fatall, as to lay wast and 
desolate near 50 leagues of the most flourishing parts in those 
Countries and will for ever be of the same consequence if his 
Majesty should forego, or give up unto the Enemy what does 
belong and is soe necessarie unto us &c 



20 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

This is all att present what does offer in this affair from 
your Lordships most humble and most obedient servant 

J? Nelson. 
Aprill the 12*? 1697. 

Postscript. 

Your Lordships may please further to take notice, that the 
said Inhabitants of Port Royall &c have accepted as Majes- 
trates such whom the Government of Boston did from time 
to time place over them, who for their greather ease and 
Incouragement did allways put in place such of their people 
as were most agreeable unto them &c 

Endorsed. 

No. 7. 
Copy of MT Nelson s Memorial relating to Nova Scotia and 
parts adjacent April the 13*''' 1697. — 



Extract of a Memorial from ilf!" Nelson dated the 2^.^ July 

1697. 

You may please to take notice that after the surrender of 
Accadie unto the French, in the year 1670 by ST Thomas 
Temple the successive Governours of New Yorke did (by 
virtue of orders from England as I suppose ) make claime 
unto a part of said Countries, that is to say from Pemtagoet 
to the River S* Croix as having of it inserted in the Duke 
of York's Patent. But the French still kept Possession 
until St Edmund Andros made an attempt upon it by sum- 
moning in one MT ST Costeine to acknowledge his Depend- 
ance on the Crown of England upon whose refusal he went 
with a Friggat to Pemtagoet pillaged his house of what he 
found in it, but himself escaped on which arose ( by the said 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 21 

Costeins instigation ) the Indian War, with which we have 
ever since been infested. 

Endorsed. i\^? 8 

Extract of a Memorial from MX Nelson relating to the 
Country Westward of the River tS* Croix annexed to the Grov- 
ernment of New YorJce. 
July the 2'^ 1697. 



To the Right Honourable the ^ 

Lords Commissioners of the Council 

for Trade and Plantations &c. 
May it please Your Honours &c 

That having some time since received from M! 
Secretary Popple your Lordships commands whereby I am 
required to lay before your Honorable Board what does 
appear to me in this present Conjuncture of peace with the 
ffrench to occur and be conducive to his Majestys and this 
kingdomes interest in the northern parts of America (fee. 
Having from my Experiences in those Countries of Accadie, 
Nova Scotia, Canada, and New England, made some reflec- 
tions upon the S^'^ Article of the Treaty now concluded with 
the ffrench King, wherein I finde that Commissioners are to 
be appointed for the settling of Limits or Exchange of 
Lands, as also to determine all differences that may arrise 
&c. Now to the intent that those who shall be so appointed 
on our part, may not be under surprise or mistake or want 
of information, I make bold to prefer unto your Lordships 
consideration this following Memoriall &c. 

1. That whereas one of the greatest interests of this 
Nation, both for riches and strength, does consist in the 
maintenance and incouragement of our Navigation and Mari- 
time imployments great care is to be taken that the ffrench 



22 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

do not by virtue of the 7'^'' Article ( wherein restitution is to 
be made them of Port Royall and the Coast of Accadie ) 
exclude us from our Fishery on the said Coasts upon the 
High Seas, which they formerly have endeavoured to do, and 
on which pretext they have committed divers depredations 
and surprisalls of our vessels in ,time of Peace, the original 
and ground of their pretentions took its rise from what 
had been acted under the Government of my late Uncle 
S^ Thomas Temple (before the Surrender of that Country to 
them in the year 1670 ) who being at a great charge in the 
building of Forts and otherwise for protection of our Fishery 
from the neighbouring ffrench and Indians, did levy and 
receive from every vessell so ffishing ( that is to say making 
or drying of their Fish on the shoares ) the summe of five 
pounds whereon the ffrench at first contented themselves 
with the said summes for those that made use of their Coasts 
not pretending or exacting anything for such as made their 
voyages on the High Seas, or that wooded or watered in 
their Harbours &c. But in process of time according to the 
capriciousness of their Goveruours, they have often Extended 
their pretensions unto any and every part of the said High 
Seas, which tho we never did conceede to them, yet they 
have often taken and made prize of our vessells so ffishing, 
untill at length some provision and redress was made by the 
Treaty of Neutrality concluded on in the yeare of 1686 (as 
I best remember) between My Lord Chancellor Jeffery and 
other Commissioners then appointed and the French Ambas- 
sador Barillen, referrence thereunto ought to be had for a 
more perfect information in this affaire, but such is the con- 
sequence hereof, that in case no permission or settlement be 
made in express manner and forme, it will be a perpetual 
cause of disturbance in those parts and will be the obstruc- 
tion and hindrance of the imployment of above one thousand 
fishermen, to the impoverishment of those Colonies, the 



OF THE STATE OF JLA.IXE 23 

Destruction of Trade, and Diminution of His Majestys reve- 
nues, herein likewise is to be considered, that whatever by 
our fishery is taken out of the Seas, is so much ready money 
or Bullion imported into the Realm, from foreigne Nations, 
and as we have justice on our side, so have we had an unin- 
terrupted usage and Custom, from the first settlement in 
those parts untill of late Yeares, and th6 fisheries upon the 
High Seas have sometimes been the dispute of Nations, yet 
we finde all to claime an equall right of possessing what 
they can get in that unstable Element if without use of their 
neighbours shoares &c. Now to cut off and prevent all 
ground of dispute it will be of the utmost importance and 
consequence not only to assert and maintain our liberty and 
right upon the High Seas as aforesaid, but to renue and 
Establish that mutuall permission of admitting each other 
unto the Priviledge of refreshing themselves with all Neces- 
saries, as Wood Water &c for their money on the Coastes 
and in the Harbours of each others Territories &c. 

2'^ There are other things of deep weight and moment, 
concerning the Boundaries and Limitations in those vast ter- 
ritories and Trade with the Indians- especially between New 
York and Canada, wherein the French have and will contm- 
ually incroach upon us by the advantage they have from the 
Rivers and Lakes running on the backside of all our Planta- 
tions and Colonies, which tho they have no wayes Established, 
nor have any settlements upon them, yet pretend to appro- 
priate to themselves the sole right of Trafick with the Natives, 
whereby we shall be confined unto the narrow bounds of our 
settlements, whereas formerly this Limitation and pretention 
was unknowne unto us and our people without interruption 
were free in theire Voyages and Trafick with divers Nations- 
situate on the Lakes and Rivers aforesaid which priviledge I 
presume ought to be asserted and continue unto us &c 



24 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

3^ It will be most necessary that such provision and reg- 
ulation be made for the mutual peace and safety of each other, 
in regard of the Indians, that neither party shall abett, incour- 
age or supply the Natives m their Wars, or attempts, which 
they may at any time undertake to the disturbance of either ; 
but on the contrary upon the complamts of the party so suf- 
fering, the other shall consult and agree unto such methods, 
as may be thought fitting to reduce them unto Peace and 
quiet, for which intent for more safety and assurance, and to 
remove all suspicions and jealousies, of secret coniving and 
underhand dealing, it shall be permitted unto the Governours 
of either party for their own satisfaction as they may think 
fitting, or the occasion may require, to send or cause to reside 
with each other such person or persons as they shall see meet, 
whereby not only to consult and advise what is to be done 
for prevention of such mischiefs, but likewise to be Eye wit- 
nesses of the faithfulness of each others intentions and pro- 
ceedings, and for Detection and bringing to due punishment all 
such particular persons, who for their private advantage, shall 
at any time infringe the Regulations that may be concluded 
on this subject &c. 

The three foregoing heads as I humbly conceive them to 
be of utmost importance both for His Majestys interest and 
honour, the peace and prosperity of his subjects ; soe doubt 
not but that your Lordships after due reflection will see cause 
to make such Reports hereon unto his Majesty or those 
appointed by him for the settlement of the Plantation affaires 
that effectuall care may be taken for the securing and estab- 
lishing the tranquillity of those parts and the Trade and 
Interest of the Nations &c. 

This being what I have to offer I hope that Your Lordships 
will favourably overlook the defects you may finde herein, 
and which is the rather to be excused since it proceeds from 
the earnest desire I have of contributing what 1 can unto the 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 25 

publique good, as also in obedience unto your Lordships com- 
mands, being with all possible respect your Lordships most 

humble 

and most obedient servant 

J? Nelson. 

Endorsed — No. 9. Copy of 3lT Nelson'' s Memorial relating 
to the Fishery on the Coast of Nova Scotia and other things 
proper to he had in consideration in treating zvith the French 
Commissioners pursuant to the Treaty of Reiswisck. 

Novem¥. the 2'\'^ 1697. 



A Memorial concerning the English title to Penob- 
scot, and other lands adjacent, to be presented to y® 
right hon^.'®, the Lords Commissioners, of the Coun- 
cill of trade, and plantations. / 
King James the first by his Letters Patents, under the great 
seale of Scotland, bearing date the lOV^ of September 1621, 
granted to S^ William Alexander Lord of Meustrue, and to his 
heires for ever, all those lands lying in America, called Nova 
Scotia. The said ST William Alexander, by his deed, bear- 
ing date the 30*.^ of Aprill 1630, made over all his right, and 
title, in the aforesaid lands, to ST Claud de S* Estienne, 
Lord of La Tour, and of Vuarre ; and to his son, ST Charles 
de S^ Estienne, Lord of S^ Deniscourt, and to their heires 
for ever. The said ST Claud and ST Charles de S? Estienne, 
were french protestants, who for the liberty of their religion 
had many yeares before left France ; and for their good ser- 
vices done, in promoting the said Plantation, they were both 
created Baronets of Nova Scotia. 

About the yeare 1631, King Charles the first consented to 



26 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

give up tlie Aforesaid country of Nova Scotia to France ; for 
what reason is not knowne, the French having not y^ least 
pretence of any kind to it. For it was both discovered and 
planted, by the English, and subjects of England and named 
Nova Scotia by King James the first. 

Before the delivery of the said country, King Charles the 
first articled w*** the French, that the said Six Claud and 
S^ Charles de S! Estienne, should enjoy their rights, in the 
said Nova Scotia, his Majesty thinking himselfe, bound in 
honor to take care of 'em : as appeares by an originall letter, 
from the said S^ William Alexander, to the said ST Claud 
de S* Estienne. 

By vertue of this Article, the said ST Claud and ST Charles 
de S^ Estienne, did enjoy their lands in Nova Scotia; though 
w^^ much molestation from the French GovernoT^ ST Claud 
dying, ST Charles became proprietoT of all Nova Scotia. 

Many yeares before this, some inhabitants of Plimouth, in 
New England, discovered Penobscot and began to seale 
themselves there a place many leagues westward of Nova 
Scotia. But being much distourbed, by y® French Govern- 
ours of Nova Scotia, they began to neglect y^ plantation ; 
and when the said Charles de ST Estienne was proprietoT of 
all Nova Scotia, he built a fort at Penobscot, and tooke all 
the lands, extending from Penobscot to Musconcus bordering 
on Pemaquid. 

About y® yeare 1654, Cromwell having a Fleete at New 
England, under the command of one Major Sedgewicke, he 
ordered 'em to saile to Nova Scotia, and require the French 
GovernoT to deliver it; it being antiently a part of the 
English dominion, to which the French had no just title. 
MajoT Sedgewicke saild thether, and found the said ST Charles 
de ST Estienne, in possession both of Nova Scotia, and Penob- 
scot; both which, together with all the lands belonging to 
'em, the said ST Charles de ST Estienne quietly resigned. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 27 

For having suffer'd great oppression under y® French Gov- 
ernours, he desir'd to live under the English protection. 

Not long after, he came over to England, and petition'd 
Cromwell, that he might enjoy his lands, which was granted. 
Then the said Charles de S* Estienne, by his deed, bearing 
date the 20th of September 1656, made over all his right, 
and title, in all the afore said lands, both Nova Scotia and 
Penobscot, to Thomas Temple, and William Crowne, Esqui- 
ers, and their Heires for ever ; for the summe of three thou- 
sand three hundred and odde pounds. The said Charles also 
reserved to himselfe, and his heires for ever, considerable 
Annuall profitts from the aforesaid lands. 

Then all the three aforesaid proprietors, went over to take 
possession of their lands ; Thomas Temple going Governor 
by Cromwells commission. Not long after their arrivall, the 
said Thomas Temple, and William Crowne divided their 
lands. 

And William Crowne by a deed under his hand and scale, 
made over to y® said Thomas Temple and his heires for ever, 
all Nova Scotia, as it is limited, in the said deed and the said 
Thomas Temple, by his deed, bearing date y^ twelfe of Sep- 
tember 1657, made over to y® said William Crowne, and his 
heires for ever, all his right and title in Penobscot, and in all 
the lands and Islands, lying without y® bounds of Nova 
Scotia ; from the river Machias in y® East, to the said Mas- 
concus bordering on Pemaquid. They also signed, and sealed 
interchangeably bonds of twenty thousand, to bind each other 
to performance of Articles. 

For sometime the said William Crowne possessed Penob- 
scot, and his other lands quietly. He also built a trading 
house, far up y^ river of Penobscot, at a place called Negue ; 
to which he gave his owne name, and called it Crowne's 
point. 

But the said Thomas Temple, hearing there was a great 



28 DOCUINIENTARY HISTORY 

beavor trade at Negue pretended the said William Crowne, 
had broke some article or another, and bj violence tooke from 
him, his fort at Penobscot, his trading house at Negue, and 
all his lands. And the courts of justice in New England 
were so partial] to the said Thomas Temple, that William 
Crowne cou'd have no justice from them. 

Thus it continued, till the restauration of King Charles 
the second. Then the said Thomas Temple and William 
Crowne, came over, and proving their titles to the aforesaid 
lands, before the King, and the Lords, and others, of his 
Majestyes Privy Council, they were adjudged to be right full 
proprietors, and were permitted to returne, and repossesse 
their lands. Then the said William Crowne, threatning to 
complaine to his Majesty, and the Privy Council, of the heavy 
wrongs he had suffer' d ; The said Thomas Temple desir'd him 
to forbeare promising him, not only the restitution of his 
lands, but any reasonable satisfaction. And the said William 
Crowne being desirous to returne to New England The said 
Thomas Temple gave him letters, to his Agents in New Eng- 
land, requiring 'em to restore to him his fort of Penobscot, & 
all his lands. But when the said William Crowne arrived in 
New England, he found contradictory letters, written from 
the said Thomas Temple, to his Agents ; strictly charging 
them to keepe him out. 

The said Thomas Temple, was created a Baronet of Nova 
Scotia by King Charles the second and got a commission from 
his Majesty to be Governour of Nova Scotia and Penobscot; 
upon his arrivall in New England, the said William Crowne 
complained to him, of his unjust and shamefuU proceedings, 
which S^ Thomas cou'd not vindicate; and to end differences, 
he prevaild w*? y^ said William Crowne, to grant him a short 
lease of Penobscot ; and the rest of his lands ; and severall 
New England merchants were bound for payment of rent. 



OF THE STATE OF ISIAINE 29 

But the said S^ Thomas Temple kept the lands, and never 
payd any rent. Nor wou'd the courts of New England 
intermedle w*? the case, for they said, it was a debate about 
lands, that lay out of their Jurisdiction. 

Thus it continued till y® yeare 1668, when at y^ treaty at 
Bredah, y* French prevailed w*? King Charles to surrender 
up Nova Scotia. And accordingly, a commission was sent 
under the great scale of England to S^ Thomas Temple, 
empowring, and requiring him to deliver it. 

S^ Thomas Temple knew very well that Penobscot, and 
the aforesaid lands belonging to it, were no part of Nova 
Scotia but they being the said William Crownes estate, he 
out of envy and hatred to William Crowne, and to impoverish, 
and totally disable him, from taking his advantages at law 
against him, when he was out of his Governement, for all the 
notorious wrongs he had done him, whilst he was in it ; the 
said Sir Thomas Temple, presum'd to go beyond his commis- 
sion, and deliver up Penobscot to the French. 

When King Charles was inform'd of what S^ Thomas 
Temple had done, he was extremely displeas'd with it ; and 
wou'd not consent to it,- Not long after a war broke out 
betweene France and Holland. And the Dutch tooke the 
fort at Penobscot from y^ French, levell'd it w*!^ y® ground, 
and then entirely quitted it. 

Not long after. King Charles, commission'd the Governour 
of New Yorke, to take Penobscot, and the lands belonging to 
it, under his jurisdiction. And the Governor of New Yorke, 
did accordingly and put a garrison in y® said trading house 
at Negue, alias Crownes point. William Crowne being 
deceased, his eldest son John Crowne, having information, 
that his Royal 1 Highnes y« Duke of Yorke, had bcgg d 
Penobscot of y* King, the said John Crowne petition'd his 
Highnes to restore him y® inheritance, which his Father had 



30 DOCTJMENTARY HISTORY 

purchas'd ; and his Highnes referrd him to y^ Commissioners 
of his revenew. And the cause lay before 'em undetermin'd, 
during y'' latter end of King Charles's reigne, and all y® reigne 
of y® late King James. 

By what has beene said, it is apparent the French have no 
pretence to Penobscot, for the English first discovered it; 
the English, and subjects of England possest it almost forty 
yeares. The French had it in King Charles's reign for a 
short while, and got it, not by vertue of any treaty, but 
beyond their expectation, it was put into their hands by the 
treachery of S^ Thomas Temple y® Governor. 

And they lost it in a short time to y^ Dutch, and the 
Dutch quitting, both the last Kings quietly possessd it, to y® 
end of their reignes. 

End :) New England 

M^. Croivne's Ace*, of the Engl: 
Title to Penobscot. 

Reed, the Jf*^ Jan^H 



Reed, the A- Jan^y. ] -mmy mo 
Read \ ^^^^/^^ 



M. Villehon to M. Stoughton 
Translation. 

Sir, 

I write to you by M^ David Bassett whom I have detained 
here ever since the last Year, and whom His Majesty is 
pleased to pardon for whatever he has done against his 
Interest upon condition of his settling in this country, as he 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 31 

has engaged to do ; So that I am confident you will be will- 
ing ( as I should be in the like occasion ) to suffer him to 
return, and let him to make an end of his Affairs without 
any wrong or hindrance. 

I am much surpris'd, after what I writt to you about those 
Indians of Ours that are in prison, that you have return'd no 
answer to what I desird of you, and that you persist in keep- 
ing them. I will say nothing more to you of it, referring you 
to what I writt in my last of 27*? June 1698. 

I am informed that you have many that Fish upon our 
Coasts, and that you suffer your People to trade in the French 
Habitations. You must expect, Sir, that I will seize on what- 
soever English shall be found fishing or trading, the rather 
for that you cannot but know that it is absolutely forbidden 
by the Treaty betwixt the two Crowns, which you yourself 
sent me : And that M^ De Bonaventure Commander of the 
Kings ship L'Envieux confirm'd it to you, sending back at 
his arrival on these Coasts some of your Fishing Vessels 
which he had taken, & giving you to understand by the 
King's Order that if any more came either to Fish or Trade 
they should be made Prize of. 

I am Order'd by the King my Master to conform my selfe 
to the Treaty of Neutrality concluded at London the 16*? of 
Nov^5 1686 with King James as to the Affairs of America. 

I have also express Orders from his Majesty to maintain 
the Bounds between New England and Us, which are from 
the head of the River of Kennebeck to the Mouth of it, leav- 
incr the Channel free to both Nations. Therefore I make no 
question, Sir, but you will act accordingly and give over pre- 
tending to treat the Indians that are settled there as your 
Subjects, thereby to prevent all those unhappy consequences 
which may happen by reason of their neighborhood to you. 
I have not else, but to assure you that I will do all tluit lyes 



32 DOCUIMENTAEY HISTORY 

in my power towards the execution of the Orders which 1 
have received from his Majesty. 

I am with all sincerity, Sir, 

Your most humble servant 

Le Chevalier de Villebon 
From the mouth of S* John's River 
SeptembT the 15*? 1698. 

End:') New England. 

Lre from y^ French Gtov'^. of Nova Scotia to MV Stoughton 
relating to their pretentions to y^ fishing ^c in those parts. 
Referred to in Mr Stoughton s Lre of y^ ^^*^ OcV. 1698. 
Rec'^ Dec: 19*'} 1698. 



The Testimony of John Swasey Master of the Sloop 
Dolphin and William Jeggels master of the Sloop 
Sparrow, of full age testifieth and Saith. 
That on or about the Twenty second day of September last, 
as we were on the Coast of Cape Sables, bound homeward. 
We were forced by stormy weather to go into Chebucta, and 
as we were going in we saw a ship in the said Harbour upon 
which we tack'd and stood off and presently we saw a Boat 
come off from said ship and came to us with about twenty 
Men, many of them had Armes and came and boarded our 
Vessels, and commanded us to go into the Harbour, which 
we did, and we were carried on board the Man of War, and 
the Captain by his Interpreter examined us what our business 
was there. We told him we were poor Fishermen that fished 
on the Banks, They ask'd how we dare to be so bold as to 
come on their Coast a fishing it being their Land and Coast 
and Banks were their priviledge, and in some short time we 



OF THE STATE OF JNIAINE 33 

were sent aboard our Sloops and brought in under the Ships 
Stern, and they took away our Sails and carried them on 
board the Ships, and kept us there till the twenty fourth day 
of said September, and then the Captain sent for us aboard 
and he told us that he had given warning by Da\dd Hilliard 
that the English were not to fish there, and that he had 
power to take us for our fishing there, it being our privi- 
ledge, and he said that he would dismiss us for this time, but 
said he would take all he could and had power so to do, for 
they did forfeit their vessels by fishing there. 
The Ship was about foure or five hundred Tuns and had 
about Twenty Gims mounted. The Interpreters name was 
Perot who as he told us, had formerly lived with M^ John 
Nelson of Boston. 

John Swasey 
Salem 18*? October 1698. William Jeggels. 

John Swasey and William Jeggels of Salem personally 
appeared before us the Subscribers two of his Majestys Jus- 
tices of the Peace for the County of Essex in his Majestys 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New England, and 
made Oath to the Truth of the above written Testuuony at 
Salem 

this 24^*> October 1698 

Copy Benj^ Browne 

Examined p Is'' Addington John Higginson 

Secry 

Endorsed. No. 4- Copy of the Affidavit of John Swasey and 
W^ Jeggels relating to the Pretentions of the 
French to the sole Right of Fishing on the Coast 
of Nova Scotia. 

Octoh'' the 24.^'} 1698. 



34 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter from MX Stoughton U. Govl of the Mass: Bay 
to y^ Board 

W. Hon*'* 

In mine of the 25*? of July past directed unto S^ Henry 
Ashhurst and M^ Phips, Agents for this his Ma^^* Province, 
I advised them of the Information I then had of the preten- 
sions made by the French unto the Fishing ground or Banks 
lying in the high Seas off & about the Coast of Accadie or 
Nova Scotia, and that Eastern Country, which have all along, 
even from the discovery and first Settlement of this Countrey, 
been used and improved for Fishing as the just right and 
priviledge of his Ma^^^ Subjects until this time, when a Cap- 
tain of a French Ship of War, meeting with some of our 
Fishermen ab* their Imployment near that Coast, signified 
unto them that he had orders from the French King to guard 
that Coast, and to seize & make prize of all Enghsh Vessels 
that he should find fishing in those Seas. And our s? Agents 
were instructed to make your Lordp? acquainted therewith, 
and humbly to move that due care might be taken to secure 
unto his Ma*y^ Subjects the benefit of the Fishery as hereto- 
fore, and to prevent any thing that might in the least infringe 
or deprive them of that liberty & advantage wherein I pre- 
sume they have applied themselves unto yo^ L^ ships 
accordingly. 

Since which I have received some further Information about 
that matter, and the peremptory challenge of the French unto 
the Sole right of Fishing on those Grounds, As also to extend 
the bounds of theii" Dominion through the Main Land, as far 
as the River of Kennebeck, and from the head thereof unto 
the mouth of the same as by a Letter of the 5*? of September 
past from M^ Villebon Governor for the French King in 
L'Accadie or Nova Scotia, on behalfe of his Master directed 
unto my selfe, which original Letter with the other Informa- 
tion is here inclosed. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 35 

It's advised by the Council, as necessary for the Kings Ser- 
vice, that this matter, of so great import unto his Maj*?'^ Inter- 
ests, be forthwith laid before your Lord?* that it may be 
reported unto his Ma*y Apprehending there may be a proper 
Season for asserting and establishing of the ancient Bounda- 
ries of these Countreys, and the ancient usage, right and 
priviledge of his Ma*^" Subjects for fishing in these Seas, At 
the meeting of y® Comission'"? to be appointed on both sides, 
conforme to the 8*? Article of the Treaty of peace for exam- 
ining and determining the rights and pretensions of either of 
the Crowns to the places situated in Hudson Bay. 

M! John Nelson a Gent™ well knowing and experienced 
in the State of the Country of Accadie or Nova Scotia, and 
all circumstances attending the overtures and changes that 
have hapned there of long time past, and of the utmost 
bounds Westward ever pretended unto by the French, has 
acquainted the Governm* here with some memorials, which, 
in obedience to your Lordp? Commands, he has lately laid 
before your Lordp? relating unto his Ma^y^ Interests in these 
Northern parts of America and particularly representing and 
setting forth the utmost bounds of the Countrey of Accadie 
or Nova Scotia to the Westward ever pretended unto by the 
French, extending no farther than the Eastern side of the 
River of S* Georges, and that only by virtue of the Treaty 
of Breda before which all that Countrey was intirely in the 
possession of the English and also setting forth the free and 
ancient usage, right and priviledge of his Ma*?'* Subjects of 
fishing on that Coast : Copys of which Memorials are here- 
with inclosed ; whereto I humbly pray your LordR'' to be 
referred, particularly that Dated from Paris January 26*.^ 
1698, wherein is humbly insinuated the fatal and irreparable 
hurt and damage unto the Interest of the Crown & the pros- 
perity of his Ma*-T« Territories in these parts that will be 
consequent of making any concession to the French in their 



36 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

unjust & unreasonable pretentions now made. And the 
Argum*? therein offered against any concession thereto 
( which to repeat would be to give your LordP* a needless 
trouble ) seem to be very demonstrative and of great weight ; 
Besides what might be added, that if so large a part of this 
Province, as is now claimed by the s^ Pretensions of the 
French, should come into their possession, many of his 
Ma*y^ Subjects would be excluded from their ancient rights 
and Settlements acquired as well by Grants and Confirma- 
tion derived from y^ Crown of England, as by purchase from 
the Natives, and having by their hard labour and great cost 
and charge, cleared and improved that part of the Countrey, 
and planted several Towns therein And there are so 
many large, comodious and safe harbours on that shore, that, 
upon any eruption with France, and War hapning betwixt 
the two Crowns, the French would have such advantage by 
them, as greatly to annoy, if not wholy ruine, the navigation 
of this countrey ; It would also utterly deprive his Ma*?'^ Sub- 
jects of a chief part of their Fishery, whereon they have so 
great dependance. 

Our Agents are Instructed to wait upon your LordP® 
about this important affair. 

His Ex*'/ the Earle of Bellomont still remaining at New 
Yorke ( his Ma*y^ Service there not dispenseing with his 
LordP^ yet leaving of that Province ) is made acquainted 
with this application unto your Lord?* upon this Subject of 
so great consequence, and is humbly requested to Second and 
enforce the same by fresh application from his Lord? which 
time would not allow of by this Convej'ance by reason of 
the distance, but I hope will be forwarded by y® next. I 
pray 3-our Lord?^ that such early and effectual care and pro- 
vision may be had and taken in this important and momen- 
tous affair, as to prevent the evil and fatal consequences 
attending the groundless and unreasonable pretensions of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 37 

the French as afores? And that the ancient known Bounda- 
ries of these his Ma*^* Territories, & rights and priviledges 
of his Subjects as afores^ may be asserted and established 
that so they may reasonably hope to enjoy peace and quiet, 
which is not probable, whilst the French in so neare a neigh- 
bourhood persist in their unjust pretexts before mentioned. 
Having nothing further at present of moment for his 
Ma*?^ Service to observe unto your Lord?^ With my hearty 
wishes for your Lord?^ happiness, I am with all possible 

respect 

R» Hon^i« Your LordP^ 

Boston in N : England Most humble faithful Servant 

October 24*1^ 1698. 

Lords Comiss" of the Council 
for Trade and Plantations./ 



W°? Houghton 



Boston New England 
NovT 4th 1(398 

May it please Your Lordships. 

While I was in England and also in France I then in 
obedience mito your Commands did prefer unto your hon^^^ 
Board divers Memoires relating unto the French m those 
parts. It is to be hoped ( that if the Commissioners on both 
sides have entred into Treaty, as is stipulated in the 7 th and 
8th Articles of the Peace concluded at Riswick that due 
reflections and improvements have been made of the said 
Memorials, so that his Majesties Colonies and Subjects in 
these parts may be protected from the Innovations and vio- 
lences with which they are not only menaced, but have act- 
ually been put in Execution by the French upon them, under 
pretence of the late Treaty of Neutrality made in London in 



38 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the year 1686, between the late Lord Chancellor Jefferies 
and the Ambassador Barrillon ; Whereby the Fishing on each 
others Coasts seems to be debarr'd, but mider collour of which 
they are now endeavourmg to extend their pretentions some- 
thhig like as they have formerly done in Flanders, where 
their claime mito dependances did exceed the very conces- 
sions made unto them so here much of the same nature, luider 
the Title of their Coasts, they now Endeavour to exclude us 
from the priviledge of Fishmg upon the High Seas, Whereas 
according mito all Civillians who have wrote of this matter, 
they do deteniiine that fishing on a neighbours Coast is nat- 
urally to be understood, when it is within the Rivers, Har- 
bours, Bays Inletts or Creeks, or that use be made of the 
shoares &c*. but that the bankes upon the liigh Seas are and 
allwayes have been the universall right and consequently free 
to all nations. The drift and design of the French by these 
pretensions is very obvious, as the mcrease of their Naviga- 
tion both in Ships and Seamen Trade and Riches, so on the 
contrarie m the same proportion our decrease herein is our 
weakenmg m all these. I doubt not but whenever any cal- 
culation shall be made it will be found that more Men are 
Imployed more Riches Money and Bulhon imported into Our 
Nation by this Trade then by any other produce or Commerce 
that the Nation does afford, so that from these reasons doubt- 
less but that your Lordship* will see cause soe to represent 
the Matter to the King and Councill as may put some rea- 
sonable limitt mito the French pretentions and secure his 
subjects in so antient and Uninterruped a right and privi- 
ledges, I humbly Conceive that the matter, cannot admitt 
much dispute, since that they themselves do dayly and of 
necessity take most of their Fish that supplies France on our 
Coasts of England, so that the distance, observed there by 
them, may serve here for a very good direction and Example 
for their Coasts of Nova Scotia also Accaddie as they now call 



OF THE STATE OF MADSIE 39 

them, Your Lordships havmg formerly admitted both my dis- 
course and wi'iting to you on this subject, what is now with 
so much importmiity represented unto your honours by the 
Lieutenant Governour and Councill of this Province. I the 
rather presume to second, for that having lately, made a 
voyage unto those parts, and by reason of my affaires, being 
conversant with them, am fully convinced that unless some 
vigorous and resolute measures be taken in this matter not 
only the welfare of these Countries but the Interest and 
Trade of the whole Nation will in a short time come to 
nothing in these parts. 

Upon Your Lordships perusal of my Memorialls formerly 
given, you will readily perceive that at the time of my Infor- 
mations on this and other things, they were something more 
then conjecturall, so that my apprehensions now being Joyned 
with the Generall Consternations of this Countrey, and 
wherein his Majesties honour and Interest has so great a 
part I trust may have weight enough to induce your Lord- 
ships strenous and Effectual working in our behalfs. The 
liberty I have taken in representing this and other matters 
before your honours I hope will be favourably interpretted as 
an effect of my zeal for the Pubhck good, and in observance 
of your Commands &c. being as I am in all humble Duty. 
Your Lordships most hmiible and 
most obedient Servant 
Jo^ Nelson. 

F/ndorsed. —N\ 11.— 

Copy of MT Nelson's Letter from Boston in New England 
relating to the French pretentions to the sole Right of 
Fishing upon the Coast of Accadie. 

Novemb"- the 4H' 1698. 



40 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

May it please your Lordships 

This is to acquaint your Lordships, that Mons^ Vilbone 
The French Governour of S* John's, Bordering upon this 
Province Eastward, has lately by his Letters to this Gov- 
ernment, Laid Claime to all that Tract of Land, lyeing 
between the Rivers of Kenebeck, and St Georges, pretending 
it belongs to the French Government, And has alsoe Forbid 
the English Fishery, upon that Coast. Threatning to make 
Prize, of such as Fish there for the Future. 

As tliis Claime is unjust, being an Incroachment upon 
the English Dominions, soe it is likewise very Prejudiciall 
to the Interest of his Majestic, and the English Nation, for 
that Tract of Land (as I am informed by many persons 
that have lived there formerly before the Destruction of 
the English Settlements by the Indians) Abomids with 
Masts, and Excellent Timber, For building his Maj*!®' 
Ships of War, and is accomited the best part of all this 
countrey, for the Plentiful! Production of all sorts of 
Navall Stores. And if the French get the same mto their 
Hands, it will not onely Defeat his Maj*!^^ designe, of being 
Supply'd from thence with Navall Stores, and Destroy the 
Rights & Propertyes of his Subjects to their Lands, and 
Fishery there, but will be a vast advantage to the French, & 
make way for their further Incroachments. 

The bounds of the French Government, before the Treaty 
at Breda, reach't noe Further (as we are here informed) 
Then the River of S! Croix, But because S^ Thomas Temple, 
Pattent for Nova Scotia, Extended as far AVest as S* Georges 
River, the French obtained a Surrender of all that Pattent to 
them, by the Treaty at Breda, which was more by Ten 
Leagues on the Sea Coast, then what belonged to them. 
And now they claime to Kenebeck River, which is yet Ten 
Leagues Further West, It is not knowne upon what pretence 
they make this Claime, Unlesse upon Acco* of the Indians, 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 41 

who Inhabit there, and have Joynecl mth them in the War, 
whom they call their Masters Subjects. And some designe 
they have formed among themselves, to supply the French 
King with ]\Iasts, and Navall Stores, from thence. 

Bemg Employed as one of the four persons sent hither by 
his Maj*'^ to inspect and send from hence Navall Stores, for 
The Use of his Maj"^* Royall Navy, I thought my selfe 
bound m duty to his ]Maj"% to give your Lordships an Acco\ 
of this matter. That the Claime of the French may be 
Opposed, by the Commissioners of liis Maj"^, when they meet 
those of the French King, to settle the Bounds, according to 
the Article of Peace, which I am informed is to be this Win- 
ter. Most Humbly Praying that this may find acceptance 
with your Lordships, I beg leave to Subscribe my Selfe 

My Lords 
Boston in New England Your Lordships 

November 11*^ 1698./ Most Faithfull Obedient 

Humble Servant 
Benjamin Jackson 
End :) For His Maf'^^ Service 

To The m Hon^l^ the Lords of the Coundll 
of Trade at Whitehall./ 

New England. 

Ere from M^. Jackson Com^. for iiispection of Naval Stores con- 
cerning the Claim of the French to S\ George s River dated 
IP!" Nov. 1698. 

Rec'l DecK 19*'} 1698. Read the 23*^ Dee': 1698. 



42 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Considerations upon the Iconograpliical Draught and 
Profiel of Pemaquid and Piscataqua ( both to be hew ) 
Forts, marked A & B. 

I am of opinion That Pemaquid new Fort (marked m the 
Draught with black prickt Lines ) ought in part to be made 
and erected, as it is represented in the Draught A & B 
afores? 

First I premise that instead of filling all the Wall 
Walkes &> Breast workes ( exceptmg 4 feet m the Breast 
worke above the Stone wall which should be of good Earth ) 
they ought to be vaulted, which will render it an ever lasting 
work and afford to the Souldiers Lodgemgs &c must be built 
by themselves, w^? will augment the cost & entail a charge 
of continual repair - 

Secondly, Piscataqua New Fort ( represented in the Draught 
with red prickt Lines ) ought to be built almost in conformity 
to the above mentioned Profiel of Pemaquid, only that it be 
considered ( That as the Great Island on the Superficies near 
&/ about the Fort is altogether very rocky and no earth to be 
got near it ) 'tis necessary that the Wall Walks be smgly 
vaulted in as much as the charge of brmgmg Earth to fill it 
would much exceed that of the other. 

Thirdly, It is not to be understood That all the Walls of 
Pemaquid and Piscataqua Forts must be altogether precisely 
alike built and vaulted ( as is laid down in the afores? Pro- 
fiel ) but only a part of them, and for the rest a skilful Arch- 
itect may governe hunselfe therein (by the Situation and 
ground ) so as to improve all advantages and good husbandry. 

Fourthly & Lastly, To anticipate an objection that may 
be raised touching the Draughts & Profiels of the Forts of 
Orange and Schenegtade in the County of Albany in the 
Province of New Yorke and Castle Island in the County of 
Suffolke in the Massachusetts Province, Why they are not 
proposed in their construction, cannon proofe &c. It may be 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 43 

added that only sucli Guns as are portable on horses which is 
not well to be done through a Wilderness but with much 
difficulty, can be improved against the two first, and the last 
being a mile and some three quarters of a mile distant from 
the nearest of the adjacent Islands, is only exposed to an 
Attack by Sea, which mil be both difficult and dangerous to 
Ships that shall approach agamst a Fort and Batterys regu- 
larly and advantagiously raised by the Seaside : Under these 
considerations I conceive an extraorduiary charge may be 
well Saved. 

Wolfgang Will™ Romer 
Boston 

November W 1699. 



May it please your Lord? 

We the Inhabitants of this Town of Wells have rec^ a 
sutable supply of Souldiers for our present support, for the 
which as our Duty we return to your Lord? as our acknowl- 
edgements your great prudence Love and fatherly care 
extended to us in this releife has much Incourag'd and 
Cheared our hearts. Your LordP^ Quickness in sending 
such a supply mito us has prevented our Address for the 
same. We do give our most humble thanks to your 
Lord? and honoured Comicill therefore. We would crave 
leave to lay our present wants in your Lord?^ view Armes 
and Amunition are of absolute necessity for defence if war 
should arise, and we are but single arm'd at the best and if 
any of them should faile here is no Recruits to be had. Our 
store of Ammunition is too little, and that little is not good, 
we humljly pray your Excellency to consider this want and 
if it may be to Grant a Supply. We would also give your 
LordP a short Informacon of some ill designs of the Indians 



44 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

lately discovered by an Indian man of some account amongst 
them : he coming to an English house, asked what made the 
Enghsh go to Garrison there being some Remote families 
removed, we told him it was not for any harm Intended to 
them but upon some suspition of the Westward Indians. 
We asked him if he knew any Reason why so many Indians 
came from so many parts to Winnebesselikick and there 
about he owned that there was many Indians there but what 
their designe was he knew not. Two days after he came 
again to the same house, and three English men with him, 
there being one at that house could discourse with him in his 
ov/n Language then he did say that last Summer there was a 
great plot among the Indians at Pennycook and Winnebes- 
sehkick and other Indians to make war with the Enghsh and 
had brought their design to an head about our Indian Har- 
vest and was in Arms ready to set out upon the design and 
had it not been for Kahton Bamet the Sagamoor of Peg- 
nohket they had strok the blow upon us before Whiter Wee 
asked him if he thought that that Sagamoor could prevent 
them now he said he could not tell but he had done it then 
but there was now many Indians at the forementioned places 
and some of them came from Canada, some of the Indians 
have told this Winter that the peace that is now is no good 
peace for it was but Two proud Rascally Fellows that made 
it, and their Sagamoor did never consent to it. We have 
Inform'd upwards of 40 of our Indians among us this Win- 
ter to their perfect understanding of y" falsnesse of the 
Report raised that the Enghsh designed their destruction, 
and told them it was raised by Evill minded men and upon 
their faithfullness and Truth the King and your Lord? would 
protect and Love them and that the English would do them 
no harm : but we fhid some of them very hard to beheve it. 
We humbly pray your Lord? to admit Cap^ James Gooch to 



OF THE STATE OF MABSTE 45 

give a furtlier ace* particulars and of our State and Condicon 

We subscribe our selves in behaKe of the Inhabitants 

Your LordP^ most humble Serv*? 

Joseph Storer 

John Wheelwight 

Jonathan Hamond 
27* March ITOO. 

End:^ Copy of a Lre from M^. Storer^ 3IV WheelwrigJit ^^ 
MV Hammond to y^. E of Bellomont, relating to y^. Indians. 

Bated 27^!" March 1700. Referred to in y" E. of Bellomont'if 

Lfe of y^ 20*^. of April 1700 
Rec'^ June 27 



Read July 2^ ' ^^^^ 



To the R* Hon^'i* the Earl of Belloraont, Capt? Gen- 
eral and Governour m chief of his jMa*^* Provmces of 
the Massachusetts Bay, New Yorke & New Hampshire. 

The Memorial of Col? Wolfgang Wilham Romer 
his Ma*y» Chief Engineer in America — 

Touchmg the five Rivers. 
In obedience to your Lordp* Order I embarqued at Boston 
the 28*'' of last July on board the Province Gaily & arrived 
in Piscataqua river the next day, where I had the honour of 
meeting your Lord^ and receiving your Order to take the 
Plan of the great Island and Fort thereon, and also of the 
entrance into that river, and to sound the s^ river from the 
mouth thereof as far as New Castle which accordingly I per- 
formed with all the exactness I could, as your LordP will see 
in the Chart more at large. 

I find the Fortification on the s? Island extream bad and 
uncapeable of defending the entrance into that noble & impor- 



46 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

tant River not being sufficient to endure three or four days 
attack of an Enemy. Tlie place where the s^ Fort stands is 
very proper if there were Workes built that were defensible. 
The importance of that river, and the growing Trade of that 
place and Countrey requiring it. But, besides that, a good 
Strong Tower on the pomt of Fryers Island, a Battery on 
Wood Island, and another single Battery on Clarks Island 
would be very necessary. 

As for the Great Island on which New Castle stands, a 
good redoubt near to the horse Ferry would be very conven- 
ient for maintaining a correspondence between the s^ Great 
Island and the Main Land because that, upon occasion. Suc- 
cours might be conveyed thence to the Great Island Fort, 
and also because an Enemy would be thereby hindred from 
passing through little harbour in small Vessels up to 
Portsmouth. 

The 30*? of August, Cap! Southack Comander of the Gaily 
brought me your LordR^ Order to go and visit S* Georges 
river. We accordingly sailed out of Piscataqua river the 
1^.* of September, and arrived in S! Georges river the 7'? of 
the same month. I took the plan of the s^ River which I 
found difficult of entrance, not only because of several Islands, 
but also rocks w'^.** lye under water. Yet when we were once 
within those Islands and rocks we found fair large Bays where 
Ships of a 150 Tim could ride. About those Bays we per- 
ceived good store of rich Land fit for habitation and Improve- 
ment but which was never mhabited by other than Indians. 
On the out side of the largest of the Islands there are several 
Plantacons or Farmes, which by means of the late War were 
deserted by y® Inhabit** There is little Timber there about 
fit for building Ships, that which there is being only fit for 
buildmg houses & for Fuell 

The Coast adjoyning to S* Georges River is reckoned 
extraordinary good for Fishing, the French have taken the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 47 

best part of it, which is from the river of Penobscott to that 
of S^^ Croix Avhich s"^ River of S*® Croix is said to have been 
formerly the Boundary between N England & Nova Scotia 
before that Nova Scotia and Accadie were del"? to the French 
by S^ Thomas Temple — 

Pemaqnid River and Fort 

This River is nine Leagues to the Westward of S* Georges 
the mouth or entrance whereof is spacious and noble and 
without any difficulty or danger Ships go imediately into safe 
harbour from the main Sea there being but two Leagues from 
thence to a Point called the Barbekm which is close l)y the 
Fort. The Chart will shew the Situation of the Fort and 
depth of the River. 

The Land of Pemaquid is much better than that about S* 
Georges there was there formerly a Village of 36 well built 
houses on a neck of Land, where stood the Fort, the Inhabi- 
tants had their Farmes in the neighbouring country where 
there were a great many Farmers besides who had not houses 
in Pemaquid yet were forced to retire thither m the Wartime, 
and 'tis supposed that had the peace contmued till this time 
Pemaquid would have been a place of importance because of 
its Fishery, its Trade wuth the Indians and the Trade which 
would have arisen from the productions of the Countrey. 
Besides, this place is considerable because of its Frontier 
which covers and Shuts in the rivers of Damarascot, Sheep- 
scott and Kennebeck 

The French have intirely demolished the Fort of Pemaquid 
which appears to have been extreamly ill built & not defen- 
sible your Lord? may observe by the Profil of the s'^ Fort in 
the Chart, that there was no order or proportion observed in 
building it, its Walls were made of clay mixed with Sand 
brought from the Sea shore instead of Lime. Insomuch that 
( as I have been informed ) when the French besieged it the 
Commander having ordered two great Guns to be fired at the 



48 DOCIJMBNTARy HISTORY 

Enemy the Wall of the Fort was so very much shaken that 
he was forced to have it supported with great Beams of Tim- 
ber which was partly the cause that the place was shamefully 
Surrendred to the French. This was the Fort that made 
such a noise and which the Countrey were made to believe 
was impregnable the loss of which disheartned them extremely 
and made the Inhabitants desert the whole Eastern Country. 
For the better Security of this Frontier and its port or har- 
bour, I am of opinion there ought to be a good Fort built 
much about the same place where the former Fort stood & 
care taken for conveying in fresh water to furnish the Garri- 
son in case of a Seige. And that the defence toward the Sea 
ought to be lower down or more horizontal than formerly : 
Besides, for its better defence in case of a Seige by Sea, I 
am of opinion there should be a good Battery guarded by a 
Redoubt, or by a round Tower on Johns Island, and another 
Battery of Six pieces of canon 18 pomiders, on Cuckolds 
point. This bemg done that Bay would then be Secure. 
Kennebeck River 

This River is a fine one and convenient for great Ships 
when they are once got two Leagues withui y® Islands that 
are before its mouth which Islands lye to the Main Sea they 
are then safe from all danger and afterward the river is navi- 
gable for great Ships up as far as Newtown And tho it be 
navigable higher up yet 'tis somewhat hazardous by reason of 
the little Islands and rocks wliich lye in the middle of y® 
river whose rapid course makes it stil more hazardous for 
ships. 

As to the Soil, that of Rowsick Island, on which NewtoAvn 
formerly stood is very good, and so is the Land that lies 
towards the West and South West along the s? river. There 
are also several excellent Meadows thereabout. Your Lord^ 
will see m the Chart the course and depth of the s? river. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 49 

There was never any other Fortification but that at New- 
town, which was a small square Fort palisado'd, Therefore I 
have marked on the Chart tlie places which ought to be for- 
tified not only for the defence of the mouth of the river but 
also for that of the river itself within the countrey, and this 
last I hold very necessarj'^ because the Savages have two Forts 
at the head of the River which are cald Naridgewack and 
Comeso quantick. They have two Jesuits in each Fort which 
do great hurt to the Kings interest, and that of the Publick 
because they instil into those people an aversion & hatred for 
his Ma*y & his Subjects. Before the War there was a palisa- 
do'd Fort on Damarascove Island for defence of the Fisher- 
men & a little higher there was another place cald Cape 
Newagin where the people cur'd their Fish, and two harbours 
where they secured their Vessels from Storms. And th6 
those harbours lye open to the Sea yet in case of necessity 
they serve turn, when the Fishermen cannot get into Kenne- 
beck river. 

Casco Bay. 

I find Casco bay the noblest, as I do the Countrey about it 
the fertilest thats in all New England. There are in this Bay 
a great many Inlets from the Sea those that lye on the North 
East and South by West sides are the deepest, and are 15 
miles from each other. The s^ Bay is cover'd from the storms 
that come from the Sea, by a multitude of Islands, great and 
small there being ( if one may believe report ) as many Islands 
as days in the year. Your Lord? may observe the Situation 
of this Bay in the Chart and of part of the Islands, and also 
its Soundings, wherein I was particularly careful, as I was in 
all other places, where I thought it necessary. 

The Plan of the Fort in great as I have taken it will give 
your Lord? an intire view of its Situation, and of its strength 
formerly. The French and Indians burnt it during the late 
War it was built of Wood & very ill contrived being so seated 



60 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

on a neck of Land, that it could not be relieved. And as it 
was ill built so was it as ill kept in repair Yet in confidence 
of this Fort people were encouraged to build a pretty large 
Village called Fahnouth, consisting of 46 houses and a good 
church but all lys now in rumes There are stil to be seen the 
remains of houses of two stories high with stone walls and 
Chimneys, and there are 180 Fanues, besides a great many 
Fishermens houses. 

'Tis great pity that so fine a country should be deserted, 
And in case it were to be resetled I could advise a much more 
comodious place for building a Town which without doubt 
would thrive and grow a pace and it would be much more 
capeable of being relieved and defended than the former Town 
was. I have marked the place for this new Town on the 
Chart with red lines where your Lord? will see my projection 
thereof. 

Saco River 

From Casco Bay I came to Winter harbour, four miles 
from the mouth of Saco river, and went up in the pinnace as 
high as the first Falls or Cascades where I found a small Fort, 
ill seated and worse built it was made of clay and sand instead 
of Lune and the most considerable part of it, which is a small 
Tower in forme of an irregular Pentagone, is ready to fall, 
and in a word useless. The Fall or Cascade makes so great 
a noise that one can scarce hear ones selfe speak. This place 
is not so much a Frontier as a place of defence for the Salmon 
Fishing. 

That which I shall observe ( because this River is only deep 
enough for sloops ) is, 

(1) That in my opinion there must be a good redoubt 
made a mile and halfe from the Cascade or Fall, and a Boom 
cross the river to hinder the Indians in their Canoes from 
coming round about the s? Falls, and so to the Sea for which 
reasons we ought to be Masters of the river. At the head 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 61 

whereof the Indians have a Fort cald Narracomecock, where 
they have also two Jesuits. The redoubt and boome I have 
mark't on the Chart with red hues. 

(2) Since the people of New England have enriched them- 
selves by their Fishing which is their principal Trade, it 
would be proper in my Judgement to make a good Battery 
guarded by a redoubt at Winter harbour or Stage gut point 
to secure their Sloops and other Fishing boats ; which, indeed, 
ought to be done in several places on the Eastern Coast where 
at present have no Sort of refuge to the Eastward of Saco, to 
shelter them from Pirates or other Enemies. The Land along 
this river is very good & fertile & well stor'd w*? woods for 
Ship building & for houses. 

What remains to be observed is, That at the head of this 
River above the first and greatest Falls, it takes its course 
N. N. E. where the last mentioned Indian Fort which is built 
at some distance from the s? River, and the two former 
Indian Forts ( which I mentioned in the Article of Kennebeck 
river ) do center all three within two or three days Journy of 
each other by w^?* means the Savages can conveniently corre- 
spond. And upon occasion draw together m a body as often 
as they please, which is a thing well worth reflection espec- 
ially against another War do happen. 

It is likewise observable That all these Indians I have been 
mentioning were our cruellest Enemies all the late War which 
they made appear on all occasions. They took & burnt Fal- 
mouth and besieged Wells, a Village to the Westward of 
Saco, consisting only in 10 or 12 houses which were forti- 
fied & well provided with provision & Amunition who ( tho 
they were besieged by 500 French and Indians ) so well 
defended themselves that the Enemy were bt^aten and forced 
to retire with considerable loss. Among others, three of their 
best Captains were killed one whereof ( & he tlie most 
regretted) was a Kinsman of y* Count <le Frontcnuc and as 



62 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

a token of their revenge, having taken an old Enghshman 
they roasted him ahve on a spit in sight of the English in 
Garrison This is one mark, among many others, of the horri- 
ble cruelty of French Papists and Indian Infidels 
All which is humbly submitted to your 
LordP.^ consideration by 

Your Lordships 

Humble and obedient Servant 
Boston Wolfgang Will?* Romer 

the 11»? April 1700. 



To his Excellency the Earle of Bellomont 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay 
in New England 

The Memoriall of William Rayment Lievtenant 
of the New Detached Company Posted in his 
Ma*y^ Service within the County of York in the 
Province aforesaid. 
Sheweth 

That within the space of three weeks last past at sundry 
times divers of the Eastern Indians to the number of Twenty 
or thereabouts of men and women have first and last showen 
themselves at and about the Town of Wells where this Nar- 
rator with a party of the said company are posted, and dis- 
coursed with some of the Inhabitants of said Town, profess- 
ing themselves for peace, particularly on Saturday the 6**^ 
of April Instant Twelve Indians came into the Town of 
Wells ( who for some days before had shown themselves to 
some of thie Inhabitants but seem'd shye, avoidmg to be 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 63 

spoken with ) of which number there was one named Tom, 
who bears the title of Cap! and is said to have been very 
active in Comitting of murder and rapine dureing the time of 
the late Rebellion, who at first pretended not to understand 
nor speak English, but afterwards having discovered that he 
could do both, he then began to be free of discourse, and 
Inquired of this Narrator the reason why there was so many 
souldiers posted there and the Inhabitants went to Garrison, 
I replyed because the Indians threatned to make war and 
burn the English houses, he said there was no such thing 
Intended, the English and they were as Brothers, the Nar- 
rator then demanded of him why the Indians were gathered 
together in bodys at severall places, he replyed that the 
Enghsh Governour meaning Governour Winthrop had seized 
the Natick Sagamore, and said he would kill the Indians, and 
fifteen of Natick Indians had come to Pennicook to stir up 
the Indians there to make war, and also to Uncas another 
Sagamore to the Westward, and the Pennycooks had sent 
unto the Kennebeck Indians to acquaint them therewith and 
to excite them to Joyn them in making of war but they 
utterly refused. Then this Narrator demanded of him what 
the Pennycooks would do, seing the Eastern Indians would 
not Joyn them he replyed the Pennycooks were but a few 
and could do nothing were ( as he expressed himselfe ) no 
more than all one a Papoos or Child. The Narrator laboured 
to disabuse him and Confute the falsehood of such a Report 
that the Governor had seized upon any Indian, or Intended 
any harm to the Indians, and read your Excellencys Procla- 
raacon unto him and the other Indians who seem'd to be well 
satisfied and say very good Governor, and professes the 
Indians have no designe for war they have hunted much this 
Winter and taken but little Game are very poor and pinch't 
for want of provisions and further saith they are now going 



54 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

out a hunting for the space of Two moons as he term'd it, 

and then would return back againe 

W™ Rayment 
Boston 

April 13* 1700/ 

signat. Cor. Is* Addington Secry. 

End : ) JV? 9. Massachusets Memh of Lieu*-. Rayment to y^ 
> JS of Bellemontj about the Indians. Dated April y^ 13\^ 
1700 Referred to in y^ E of Bellemonfs Lre of the 20*^!" 
Apnl 1700 

Reel' June 27 



Read July S? ' ^^^^ 
lAev^. William Rayment'' s Memorial relateing to the Indians 
Ap": 13^^ 1700. a Irue Copy 

Bellemont 



To the King's Most Excellent Majesty 
The humble addresse of the Governor Councel and 
Representatives of your Majesty's Province of 
New Hampshire in America Conven'd m Generall 
Assembly 
May it Please your Maj*y 

Wee your Majesty's most dutifull and Loyall Sub- 
jects havmg a deep Sense of the many blessmgs we Injoy by 
means of your most auspicious Reign and Just administra- 
tion, the happy Influences whereof reach and effect us that 
live in one of your remotest Provmces in America. We 
blesse God with all the powers of our souls y* yo"^ Maj*'' has 
by his Divine assistance accomphsh'd those great and glori- 
ous atchievments whereby you have rescu'd the Liberties of 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 55 

England and of all Europe from Popish Tyranny and oppres- 
sion. The present peace which under God we owe to your 
Majesty's matchless bravery and Conduct must be acknowl- 
edged a Wellcome Relaxation to us that are but a handfull of 
people in this province and have had to do all the Late war 
with a barbarous and Treacherous Enemy the Eastern 
Indians, whose bloody Nature and perfidy have been much 
aggravated and Improv'd of late years by Popish Emissaries 
from ffrance who have taught 'em that breaking faith with, 
and murdering us is the Sure way to gain paradise ; and so 
far have they deluded their Indian Disciples with their 
Inchantments and vile Superstition, that they are taught to 
Spare neither age nor Sexe, having kill'd and Scalp'd all 
( Except a very few ) both old and young that came within 
their power during the whole Course of the war, and we 
know not how Long these bloody Indians will forbear their 
hostilities. The ffrench Missionaries continuinc; among them 
as they do, and poysoning them with their Hellish doctrines 
to the withdrawing them from their former Obedience and 
Subjection to yo"" Maj*7 

We have great reason to Blesse God for your Majesties 
uniting the province of New York to that of Massachusetts 
Bay and this province under the Governm! of the Earle of 
Bellomont, it being the happiest Step your Maj*;^ could have 
made for our protection. Inasmuch as it is the likelyest way 
to subdue or exterminate these Eastern Indians that Infest 
us, to Ingage the five Nations of Indians in tlie province of 
New Yorke ( who have always been a terror to 'em ) to make 
war upon them. 

That your Maj'^?'" unwearied Care and vigilance for the 
Interest and happinesse of your people may raise in all our 
hearts and affections that Just veneration and respect that's 
due to the Lustre of your glorious name and actions : and 
that your Maj*y iriay after a long and prosperous Reign over 



56 DOCmVIENTARY HISTOKY 

US receive an Immortal Crown of glory as a reward of the 
unspeakable blessings and advantages you have brought to 
all your Subjects is the most earnest and Incessant prayer of 
May it please your Majesty 

Your Majesty's most devoted most 
humble and most faithfuU Subjects and Servants 
Bellomont 
John Hmckes Nath Fryor Peter Cofiin W™ Partridge Sam" 
Penhallow, Speaker Robert ElHot John Gerrish Rich^ Wal- 
drom Moses Lewis John Pirkerin James Render Joseph 
Gruett Henry Dow Nath Hill John Fuller John Woodman 
John Smith Theodore Attkinson 



Petition of Earl of Limerick concerning Pemaquid. 

To the Kings most Excell* Majesty. 

The humble Petition of Thomas Earle of Limericke. 
Sheweth 

That your Petitioner being desireous to retire to and pass 
the Remainder of his life in your Majesties Dominions in 
America ; And there being a Tract of Land Called Pema- 
quid, which was formerly the private Estate of the late King 
James, and Yields little or no benefit to your Majesty. 

Your Petitioner most humbly prays that your Majesty 
will be graciously pleased to grant him the said Tract of 
Land, with such Franchises and Priviledges & imder such 
an Acknowledgement Regulations and Reservations of all 
LegaU Rights to any former Grants there made by the 
Kings Governors of New York or New England as to 
your Majesty shall seem meet 

And your Petition'^ shall ever Pray &c. 

(No endorsement) 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 57 

Answer to Earl of Limerick'^s Petition concerning Pemaquid. 

L^ Stamford & others to the Earl of Jersey. 

To the R* hon''.'® y. Earle of Jersey 
My Lord. 

In answer to your Lordships Letter of the 27th Aprill 
signifyuig To Us his Majesties pleasure that we should con- 
sider of the Earl of L}Tnerick's Petition to his Majesty for a 
Grant of some Lands in America called Peniaquid, We desire 
you would please to inform his Majesty that the whole Coun- 
try between Nova Scotia and the Province of Main, in which 
Pemaquid is included, has already by his Majesties Royal 
Charter to the Lihabitants of the Province of the Massachu- 
sets Bay, been granted to them with pow^ to make and pass 
Grants of particular Tracts of Lands within the whole Boun- 
daries of that Province, but with a Reservation nevertheless 
that no Grants of any Lands between the River of Sagade- 
hock and the Gulph of S* Lawrence ( in which Pemaquid is 
also included ) should be of any force untill his Majesty his 
heirs or Successors shall have signifyed his or their approba- 
tion of the same ; By which it appears that his Majesty can- 
not gratify the Petitioner in the Matt^ of his request, untill 
a Grant of such Lands be first obtained from the Corporation 
of the Massachusets Bay. We are : 

Signed 

Stamford 

Ph. Meadows Wm. Blathwayt 

John Pollexfew Abr. Hill 

Whitehall May \ Geo. Stepney, 
the 10^^ 1700 



Cap\ John Alden's Relation to the Earl of Bellomont. 

Capt* John Alden was with me the 13'^ of this Instant 
June, and told me he was newly returned from Penobscot 



58 DOCUJIENTAEY HISTORY 

River to y® Eastward where lie saw and discoursed with 
Mons! de Saint Castin a French Gentleman that Hves there, 
and with whom the s? Alden has traded Several years. 
MonsT de S! Castm told him he hop'd he should Shortly 
come under the Kmg of England's Government, for that he 
had much rather be a Subject of England than a Slave to 
France ; he likewise said that the true Boundary between 
England and France to the Eastward was the River of S*? 
Croix and said the English would do well to msist on it vig- 
orously, otherwise the French Court would try to cozen 
'em out of it. Cap^ Alden desired hmi the s^ Castin to 
write by him to the Governour of N. England what he had 
then related about the Boundary but he said he could not 
venture to do such a thing least his Letter should be carried 
to Quebec, he, Viz* St* Castin told Cap^ Alden That the 
Jesuits had taken mdefatigable pains to stir up the Indians 
everywhere to make War upon the English and said they 
were very wicked in so doing. I desir'd Cap* Alden to put 
what he told me in writmg by way of Memorial, and set his 
name to it but he desir'd to be excused, Saying, That 
S* Castm was his Friend and Correspondent, and he, viz : 
Alden, could not do anything that would expose Mons^ de 
S* Castm This I imediately writ down after Cap* Alden had 
left me. 

Mons^ de S* Castin is said to be a Gentleman of a good 
Family who leaving France on Some disgust in his Youth, 
came & settled on Penobscot River married the chief Saga- 
more's Daughter, Speaks the Indian tongue, lives after the 
Indian manner, and is become Chief or Sagamore of the 
Penobscot Indians consisting in about 130 Families, being 
grown rich by Trade. 'Tis said the French Governours of 
Canada & S* Johns have sent several times to him to go to 
them, but he would not go near 'em He professes great kind- 
ness to the English and Speaks English. He gave advice to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 59 

some of the late Governours here, of the designes of the 
French against this Comitrey, and the return he had was the 
sending a Frigat & some souldiers, who ravag'd his Coimtry 
and burnt the Wigwams or houses of him and his Indians, 
Which faithless action he complains of to this day. 

E: Cap^. John Aldens Relation to the Earl of Bellomont, of 
tvhat passed between him cf Mons'''. de S^ Castin, about the 
Eastern bounds between us ^ the French. 

13 June 1700 - 



A New Oxford ce 17 Juin 1700 
Monseigneur 

Lors que Jeus Ihonneur d'ecrire a votre Excellence Je ne luy 
enuoyay pas le certificat de nos habitents sur le sujet de 
Mons^ Bondet, parce qu'ils n'etoient pas tous Icy : Je I'ay en 
fin retire et Tenvoye a votre Excellence, au sujet de nos 
Indiens Je me sens oblig6 D'avertir Votre Excellence, que les 
quatre qui etoient revenus non, obstant toutes les protesta- 
tions qu'ils rae firent a leur arriv6e leur retour n'a eu d'autre 
but que d'engager ceux qui avoient et6 fidelles a sen aller 
avec eux, de sorte qu'ils en out gagne la plus part, et partent 
Aujourd huy pour Penikook au nombre de vint cinq hommes 
f emmes et enfans ; Je leur pr^chay hier en leur propre 
Langue et les exhortay Aussy fortement ({u'll me ffit possible 
a Tester; mais Inutillen. lis me dirent pour raison que les 
lialntans de New roxbury Les troubloient Incessament, (jue 
tout le monde les trompoit, mais ces raisons ne me satisfai- 
sant pas, Je voulus en avoir quelque autre, lis me dirent 
ensuitc, que la religion des Indiens de Penikook etoit plus 
belle que la notre que les fran^ois leur ddnnoicnit des (;roix 



60 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

d'argent a metre au col. Je fis tout ce que je peus pour leur 
faire voir le contraire. lis ajouterent qu'on leur faisoit de 
grandes promesses dans ce pays la, au lieu qu' Icy ils avoient 
au Roy qui les maltraitoit, les ayant fait coucher tout Ihiver 
sur la dure sans aucun secours, la dessus je leur ay repre- 
sents, que la on ils alloient ils servient tous esclaves, que 
quand on auroit besoin de soldats on les fair oient marcher 
par force, au lieu qu' Icy ils jouissent d'une entiere Libertie, 
et que le Roy n'a D'autre dessein que de les proteger, »&c 
enfin lis m'ont asseure qu'il y avoit une autre forte raison 
qu'ils ne pouvoient pas dire mais qu'on la sauroit bientot, ils 
sont encore Icy pour tout ce jour, et II m' apergois qu'l y en 
a plusieurs qui commencent a changer de dessein Je ne per 
dray point de moment pour les retenir s'il m'est possible 
etant secouru de ceux qui restent, si j'avois sceu plustot leur 
dessein, j'aurois mieux reiissi ; dans tout ce qu'ils disent je 
voy que les pretres agissent vigoureusement et qu'ils convent 
quelque entre prise qu'ils fairont Eclore quand lis en trouver- 
ont loccasion favorable, voila Monseigneur ce que mon devoir 
m'obligeoit a faire s^avoir a votre Excellence J'ajouteray 
seulement que Je feray gloire dans quelque occasion que ce 
soit de faire connoitre a votre Excellence que Je tacheray de 
ne me rendre J'amais Indigne des graces que I'ay receiies, et 
de temoigner toute ma vie que Je suis. 
Monseigneur 

De Votre Excellence 

Le tres humble tres obeissant 
et ties soumis Serviteur 
sign6 J Laborie 



Capt John AlderCs Second Relation to the Earl of Bellomont. 

on Tuesday morning the V} of aug : 99. Coll Allen Came to 
my Lodging at MT Waldron's house at Pescattaway and 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 61 

desir'd I would Let him have a Tryall for the Lands of the 
province of N. Hampshire, and that if I would favour his 
Cause he would make me a handsome recompense, but I told 
him I would keep Clean hands and that I never had taken 
nor ever would take a bribe. 

on Tuesday evenhig the 8^^ of aug. 99. Coll Allen came 
to me at M^ Waldron's house at Pescattaway, and offer'd me 
if I would favour his Cause ag* the people of N. Hampshire, 
he would match a younger daughter of his to my younger 
son and would make her worth lOOOOX in mony, and that 
he would divide the province with me besides but I told him 
that I would not sell Justice, if I might have all the world, 
and that both my sons were children, and not fit to marry, 
he desir'd I would be there, but I told hun I would not do 
such a thing for the world, because it would be very unfair 
so to do. he still press' d my marrying my younger son to 
his daughter, and told me a third part of y® people of y® 
province had already turn'd tenants to him at a Quit rent of 
3*? g acre : that the woods and timber of the province would 
be of a vast value ; and there had been and still is an extrav- 
agant wast Comitted ui his woods by men who had made 
estates out of 'em. 

on Saturday morning the 12^^ of Aug : 99. Coll Allen 
walking with me before M^ Waldi'on's door, renew^ his offer 
of a match between my son & his daughter, and told me his 
pretension in N. Hampshire & other parts of N. England was 
worth 22000 <£ p an. at 3*^ g acre Quit rent, that the Lands 
were 1700000 acres, and that his patent gave him a right as 
far as Cape Ann and to Salem in the Boston Government. 

on Tuesday morning the 15*^ of Aug: 99. Coll. Allen 
Came to my Chamber in Mr. Waldron's house and shew'd 
me some writings relating to bis title to the Lands afores? and 
then renew'd his offer of lOOOOX w*^ his daughter to my 
younger son, if I would favour his Cause, and he told me 



62 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

again that he valu'd his Interest at 22000<£ g an. besides 
the woods. 

on the IT*'? of aug. 99. I left Pescataway to Come tow*? 
Boston, and Coll. Allen conducting me as far as Hampshire 
(where I din'd at MT Cotton the Minister's house) where 
walking on the green before M^ Cotton's house, he again 
urg'd me upon the former proposition of a match between 
my son and his daughter, and that I would favour his Cause 
against the Inhabitants of N. Hampshire. I made answer I 
would do him Justice but no favour. 

ab* the Latter end of this Last f eb : or beginning of March 
Coll. Allen was here at Boston, and press'd me w*? more 
eamestnesse than ever, to accept of his former proposition of 
a match between my son and his daughter, and that upon 
the terms afores^ viz : lOOOOX in mony and half his preten- 
sion to the Lands and woods afores^ but because it was the 
same proposition he had made me so often before I did not 
write it down in my table book as I had done at all the fore- 
going times. 

I have severall Letters from Coll Allen, some whereof do 
plainly hint the foremention'cl offer to me, and more particu- 
larly and plainly the match between my son and his daughter. 

all which premisses I am ready to declare upon oath when 

thereunto required 

Bellomont 
Boston the 19*^ of June 1700 - 

Memorandum. That Coll. Allen told me twice or thrice he 
was very sure the Inhabitants of N. Hampshire upon my 
Countenancing his title were ready to turn tenants to him 
Imediately, and that severall of them had told him so, and 
that in a week's time he Could raise 20000£ on the s*. Inab- 
itants by way of fines half of which sum he would pay me 

as his daughter's fortune. 

Bellomont 

E: ) An Account of Coll. Aliens 

Offer to the E. of Bellomont ^e. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 63 

Colossians Discovery June 21 : 1700. 

Colossians drawing off, because he is assiir'd of war this 
Sumer and that peace can't be continued, neglects to hill his 
come on that Accompt, tho he now arid then doth a little, 
that the English may not suspect his Resolutions. 

The reason of his not being gone Nenequabbens brother's 
being Scalded, but upon his being well and able to travail he 
and all the rest must be gone Woodstock must be clear'd of 
Indians within three weeks because there must be no Indians 
about the Towns in the heart of the Countrey. 

The Indians now publickly own their intentions of drawing 
off bid Neighbour Farewell, and cunningly to blind them tell 
them they have no ill designe intend no hurt would not have 
them frighted nor go into Garrisons, Yet tell John Sabin pri- 
ya,tely that this is only to blind the people whom th6 they 
promise to return again after a while viz six weeks yet also 
to him aver they never will they know they must not 
June 23* at night. 

Colossians came and told John Sabin It might be he might 
never see him more As for the War he could not tell which 
side might prove strongest yet as to his concemes if the 
Indians prevail'd he should not be endamaged. On his reply 
concerning the Governours improving other methods than 
ever yet were taken he rejoyn'd, some say the Govern^ 
intends to use dogs against the Indians but if they would 
have such as" would do any service they must be doggs that 
bullets would not enter they would carry a Quiver of Arrows 
they valued little what could be done against them We have 
had Wars with the English so long that we see what they 
can do. Upon proposing to him the unlikelyhood of their 
being supplied with Amunition he replied they should never 
want, for, divers French had married Indian Squaws, and 
they had promised to supply them and others had promised 



64 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

to do the same privately tho they must not be seen in it 
unless a. War commence between Engl : & France & another 
way Towns will be taken by surprize either by lesser or 
greater numbers as we shall judge needful There's Mendon, 
such a Town we can take in two hours, and in every Town 
we heare there is a barrel of powder & private men have some 
a pound, some more, and they won't have opportunity to 
shoot much of it away before we take them. 

His projections about ruining the Countrey built upon 
their designe to kill all Cattle Swine &c. destroying fields by 
which means he concludes men will be soon starv'd out par- 
ticularly Woodstock, he reckons himselfe and another can 
starve that Town out by such methods in a years time and 
then when people are so starv'd out they will apace draw off 
for Europe, Ships would walke very fast 
As to the Maqua's 

He is assur'd ( else he would not go ) that they would 
stand by the Indians, and that they would find quarrel one 
way or another with my Lord when he should treat them for 
Maqua's so bigg cunning they have sent great quantitys of 
moneys to the M to the value of one hundred pounds, and 
one told him for his part he had sent 20* Solomon tells him 
that the Macqua's love John Sabins name on the score of his 
service to the Pennecook Indians at Woodstock. 
Nenequabben on 24*? instant. 

He is sorry for trouble arising in a streight what to do his 
Family gon to Pennecook already yet unresolv'd w* to do, 
thinks best for him to be English side, the Indians disgusted 
at him English and Indians all say Governour very cunning 
man but Indians can, for all that, and will blind his Eyes, for 
he can't see they'l speak him fair and he little thinks how 
near trouble is 

To his Cousin Eben : Sabin Menequabben with tears in 
his Eyes said he was in a great Streight his Family was gone 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 65 

to Pennecook to the other side, and he thought he must go 
too, And if he did he must fight against the English and that 
lookt hard. 

Some Indians drawn off, before they went away, a man 
who had lett Land to them complained ( when they told him 
they were going ) that they had promised him pay for his 
Land, to which they replied they freely gave him all their 
Labour and so drew off. 

Keensotuk ( who is Grand Child to the late King Philip 
Sachem of Mount hope ) informed John Sabin that the Pen- 
necooks would certainly this Sumer make war upon Owaneco 
the Sachem of the Mohegin Indians for their discovery of the 
Plott to the English and added that if the English helpt them 
then it would draw y^ Warr upon them if not it was likely 
the Mohegins would privately kill John Sabin or some other 
English man and then lay it on the Pennecooks, and that 
would occasion a War betwixt them and the English so that 
a War would certainly commence. 

Colossians informed John Sabin that the Macqua's are 
every week some or other of them at Pennecook and some of 
other Indians from Canada & y® Eastward, that the Penne- 
cooks do labour to prejudice the Macqua's against the Mohe- 
gins, laying the blame of y^ discovery upon them and belying 
them, to incense the Macqua's, tell them that the Mohegins 
out of scorn hung up the Present of Wampum in the smoke 
and made a derision of it. 



The Earl of Bellomont to Mr Sec^'V Vernon 

Boston the 22^^ j^^g i^^qO 
Sir 

if you have patience to read my Long letter to the Co. 
of Trade w*"-*' I now send you, it will give you I hope an 



66 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Idea of the rise that might be made of these Plantations, for 
therein I have writ for the Last time ab* Naval stores and 
Masts and Ship timber. The papers I send Inclosed w**^ this 
Letter will surprize, especially that w^^ discovers Blathwait's 
bargain w*^ Coll. Allen for half his pretended Interest in N. 
Hampshire and a great part of this province. I have now 
sent the same papers to my Lord Chancellor, and my Lord 
Jersey, and I hope among you, he I mean MT Blathwait will 
be Crossebit by this bargain of his w*^ Allen 'tis plain who 
sold the Lands in the province of N. York to ffletcher. if it 
could be Lawfully done, the seizing Coll Allen's papers 
would discover this villanous bargain of Blathwait's w*'^ him 
w^^ would a thousand times more deserve an Inquisition of 
the H. of Comons than that they bestow'd 9 hours debate on 
the 6*^ of Last Dec^ I hope those two Lords and yourself e 
will with vigor oppose M^ Blathwait's treacherous sale of 
these plantations from England. The Management of them 
has been hitherto most ridiculous, and all by that man's 
means who has made a milch Cow of 'em for many years 
together we have a fresh account of the Indians w'"'^ is bad 
enough but the hasty departure of this Ship will not permit 
me to relate it to you. I have not had any Letter from the 
Co : of Trade since that of the 21^5 of Last aug : w*^^ is very 
discouraging I wish you Ministers would set a right value 
on these Plantations, and then we Governors would be more 
regarded and should hear from you oftener. 

one Robinson the Master of a Ship belonging to this 
Town arriv'd here a moneth ago from London, and tells me 
he met Mr. Weaver at the Sun Coffy house behind the Royal 
Exchange a week before he left London, and MT Weaver 
having a packet of Letters in his hand for me, Robinson 
desir'd he might bring it to me, but MT Weaver told him he 
had positive orders to send the packet to N. York ; and M^ 
Weaver deliver'd the packet before his face to one Jeffers 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 6Y 

Master of a ship bound to N. York, and Robinson says Jeffers 
deliver' d it to the Master of the Coffy house, and desir'd him 
to keep it for him. now this Jeffers was the Master that 
petition'd the Council of Trade against me. This was about 
13 weeks ago, and Jeffers pretended to be ready to sail the 
next day; yet he is not heard of at N. York, and I suspect 
some foul play is done to the Letters sent me. There ought 
to have been duplicates of the packets from the Ministers : 
for 'tis a terrible Thing to be us'd as I am. 

I am w*.^ respect 
Sir Your most faithfull humble Servant 
Bellomont 

Cap. Alden's second relation to me of the Eastern bounds 
between us & y" ffrench I now Inclose to you as a thing worth 
your observation 'Twere worth while to Inquire who order'd 
Mr Weaver to send y? packet to N. York and if there be a 
Trick in it, that will discover it. 

U: ) Earl of Bellomont 22 June R 9 Aug. 1700 



The Earl of Bellomont to 31: Sec'V Vernon 

Boston the 9^!^ July 1700 
Sir 

I write now in the anguish of my soul, being quite dis- 
pirited for want of orders from you Ministers to support the 
King's and Nation's Interest in these Plantations, you will 
see that I have writ by this Conveyance to the Council of 
Trade, and I will trouble you no more on that subject, refer- 
ring you to a Copy of my Letter to them, w*''* I send you. 

There Came hither two ships from London, the Last week 
in May, w*^** brought nie not a Letter from any of the 



68 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Ministers, and another ship four days ago, but not a Letter by 
that neither, what must the people here and in N. York thinke, 
but that either the King and his Ministers have no sort of 
Care or value for these Plantations, not minding whether they 
fall into ffrench hands or no : or else that I am in disgrace 
w*^ the King, and that all this neglect proceeds from a per- 
sonall Slight to me. I never in all my life was so vex'd and 
asham'd as now ; I put the best face I can on it, but I find 
other people take the liberty to Judge of the present Conduct 
of affairs in England. 

it had been kindly done of the Ministers to have rebuk'd 
M' Weaver's Impertinence in staying all this while in Eng- 
land from the duty of his Imployment, where he has no just 
pretence of businesse, unlesse taking his pleasure may be 
Call'd so ; In my opinion, he should be order'd peremptorily 
to Come away with the first ship, or be turn'd out, and 
another Capable man sent in his place. 

I am with respect Sir 
Your most faithfull humble servant 
Bellomont 

E:) Ea of Bellomont 9 July R 16 Aug 1700 



Boston the 9*? July 1700 
My Lords 

The reason of ray troubling your LoR® agam so soon after 
my Letter of the 22*? of last moneth, is to acquaint you 
w*? some things that have occurred since then, w*'.'^ I think 
deserve being Transmitted to your Lop.^ 

A The Indians about the Towns of Woodstock and New 
Oxford ( consisting in ab* 40 families ) have lately deserted 
their houses and corn and are gone to live w*? the Penicook 
Indians, w*'.** has much allarm'd the English thereabout, and 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 69 

some of the English have forsaken their houses and farms 
and remov'd to towns for their better security, that the 
Jesuits have seduc'd those 40 famihes of Indians is plain 
from severall accounts I have receiv'd ; some whereof I now 
send viz : Mons! Labourie's Letter to me, w^^ is a very plain 
evidence of the French Jesuits debauchmg those Indians. 
MonsT Labourie is a French Minister plac'd at New Oxford 
by M^ Houghton the Lieu* Governor and my selfe at a yearly 
stipend of 301^ out of the Corporation Mony, there are 8 or 
10 French families there that have farms, and he preaches to 
them, and at the same time Instructed those Indians having 
for that purpose learnt the Indian tongue to enable him to 
preach therein. 

I also send some Memoranda dehver'd me by M! Rawson 
a Minister, who writ 'em down from M^ Sabin's mouth ; 
M^ Sabin's the person I formerly nam'd to your Lo^* that gave 
me severall advices concerning the Indians. M^ Sabin is so 
terrified at the Indians of Woodstock and N. Oxford's quit- 
ting their houses and corn, that he has thought fit to forsake 
his dwelling, and is gone to live in a Town. All the think- 
ing people here believe the Eastern Indians will break out 
against the English in a little time. 

B Mons^ d'Iberville is lately come to N. York from buUd- 
mg Forts at Mechisipi in the bay of Mexico and manning 
them, I shall not animadvert on his coming to York, but refer 
your LoP.^ to the Lieu^ Gov^ of N. York's letter to me, a 
Copy whereof I now send your LoR* Mons^ d'Iberville came 
in a 50 gun ship call'd La Renomee. 

C The Assembly is still sitting here, but will break up this 
week, and I must be gone to N. York, to keep touch w'^l' the 
5 Nations of Indians whom I have promis'd to meet at 
Albany the 10*? of next moneth tho to litle purpose I fear, 
for having not yet receiv'd orders from your LoR* or any of 
the Ministers about those Indians or any of the things I writ 



70 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

to you of, I am quite in the dark, and know not w°^ way 
to move, if I could have had orders this spring, I would by 
this time have had a good sod Fort at Onondage's Castle, 
w^}^ would have cover'd that and the rest of the 5 Nations 
from the French, and have Incourag'd those nations above all 
the things that can be thought of, and that for about 1200V 
but the sumer is now almost gone, and I am in great fear our 
Sloath and neglect of those Indians all this time, will be the 
losse of them. I thanke God I shall be no way accountable 
for the mismanagement that will probably loose us the Indians, 
and our plantations on this whole Continent, having given 
frequent advices home of the condition of the Indians, and 
what I thought would secure their affection to us. 
D I have rec? no letter from your LoR^ since that of the 
21?* of last Aug : w*^? is almost a year, except 3 or 4 lines 
w''.^ serv'd for a cover to the King's Lett^ of the lO*** of last 
Nov' they write me word from N. York that a pink was 
newly arriv'd there from London in 8 weeks, who assures 'em 
that Jeffers to whom M! Weaver deliver'd your Lo^^ packet 
ab* the IS*"^ of March was in the River of Thames on the 
23""^ of April. 'Tis wonderfuU to me that M^ Weaver could 
find no body to send the packet with but Jeffers who had 
complam'd against me to your LoR^ as I have been Inform'd, 
a crosse ill condition'd fellow, and who hates me. I sent 
yesterday for Cap^ Robinson the MaT of a ship belonging to 
this town, who arriv'd here from London the last week in 
May, he repeated to me what he had told me before, that a 
week before he sail'd he met M^ Weaver at the Sun Coffy 
house behind the old Exchange, and seeing a packet w*? him, 
he desired he might have the bringing it to me, Mr. Weaver 
refus'd, saying he was positively order 'd to send it by Cap* 
Jeffers to N. York, and Cap* Robinson saw MT Weaver 
deliver the packet to Jeffers and Jeffers deliver it to the 
master of the Coffy house to keep till he should call for it. 



OF THE STATE OF IVIAINE 71 

and Cap* Robinson sail'd out of the River the 21?* of March 
every body believes Jeffers has plaid the Rogue. 
E it were to be wish'd in such a Conjuncture as this, that 
your LoP* would write often and that your secretary would 
take care that all your packets be deliver'd into honest hands, 
and receits taken for them, and I desire it may be hereafter 
observ'd that ships coming to Boston are accounted among 
the seafaring men to have the advantage of those bound to 
N. York at least a 3^ part of the way, tho in point of dis- 
tance N. York is but a 100 leagues further from England 
than this place is. 

F I hope your Lop^ will not suffer MT Brenton and M! 
Weaver to loyter any longer in England from their duty 
here, their ramble is most unaccountable, and so far from 
being reasonable, that 'tis not honest : and they make very 
bold w*? the Ministers at home 

G I had bespoke 400 wheelbarrows and other Tools to be 
provided for building a Fort for the Indians, but to my great 
amazement and discomfort, I am not directed in that or any 
thing else. 

I am sorry there was not a duplicate of your LoP.* packet 
by Jeffers, sent by another ship. 

I am w*? respect My Lords 
Your LordsP.^ most humble and obedient servant 

Bellomont 



Boston the 16* July 1700/ 
Sir 

I am now in the hurry of leaving this place, being to 
imbark to morrow for N. York 

My letter to your board will Inform you among other 
things, of the addresse of my selfe and the Genl' Assembly 
to the King, wherein we complain of the Incroachments of 
the French on the fishing and Eastern bounds of tliis province, 



72 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and supplicate his Ma*y for his Royall Charter of Incor- 
poration for Harvard - CoUedge. I make it my earnest 
request you will favour and promote the Charter w*.^ your 
board, and that you will please to advise and assist S^ Hen : 
Ashhurst in carrying it on, and managing his solicitations 
rightly. 

I had news yesterday by the Captain of the Galley whom 
I sent w*'^ goods and provisions to the Indians on Kenebeck 
River, that there is some mischief hatching between the 
Jesuits and those Indians, that there was a generall meeting 
of the Indians at one of their Castles call'd Naridgewack on 
that River, and that upon the last day of June, where all 
the Indians took the sacrament at the hands of those Jesuits. 

Moxes the chief Sagamore told the Captain he had lately 
receiv'd an angry Letter from the Governor of Canada, chid- 
ing him severely for holding any sort of Correspondence w**^ 
me and threatning him what the King his master would do 
to punish him and his Indians if they held any intercourse 
w*^ me. he likewise told the Cap* that the Jesuits had Insin- 
uated to 'em that the King their Master was resolv'd to 
maintain all the country eastw*^ of Kenebeck River against 
the English and that they viz : the Indians were great fools 
if they suffer'd the English to enjoy any lands to the West- 
ward of the s^* River, he told the Captain the Penicook In- 
dians would fall on the Monheags very soon. Cap* South- 
ack deliver'd me a memorial containing these and severall 
other matters, but I have not time to get it transcrib'd. you 
may please to tell the lords of the Council of Trade of this, 
if you think it worth the telling. 

I am unfeignedly Sir 
Your humble and faithfull servant 

Bellomont 

I find I forgot in a late Letter of mine to your board ( wherein 
I desir'd some tools if we were to fortifie our frontiers) to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 73 

bespeak 10 or 12 dousen of pick axes, w*l^ I desire may be 
sent, if y' rest of y® tools be sent. 



Boston Sept^ 3^ 1700 
Hon^.'« ST 

Inclosed herewith are the Minutes of Council begining the 
28* of March 1700 and continued down to the 17^.^ of July 
following inclusive. And the Journal of the General Assem- 
bly at their Session begun and held the 29*?^ day of May last 
past; As also the Acts and Laws then made and passed, all 
which are made up in one packet and committed to the care 
of MT David Robinson Commander of the Ship Elizabeth ; 
whose receipt I have taken for the same, and wish them safe 
to your Honoui-s hand. The last I sent was by Henry Low- 
der Master of the Ship Sea Flower of this place ; who sayled 
for London something more than a fortnight since. 

This Province is in present quiet; but the Government are 
not without just fears and Jealousies of an Eruption and 
general Insurrection of the Indians ; who seemed to be 
fastned to the Interests of our ill neighbours the French, 
being debauched by the Priests and Jesuits that are sent 
among them, his Excell^iy has lately sumoned the Sachems 
and principal Indians of the five nations to attend his 
Lord? at Albany in order to recover or prevent their defec- 
tion ; the Issue whereof is not yet known here ; It would 
greatly endanger his Ma*?^ Interests in these Territory's, if 
the Indians should enter into a general Combination, our 
Frontiers are of so large extent, that it would be impractic- 
able to secure our Towns from their Inroads ; And it's no 
less difficult to have access to the Indian Settlements ; which 
are far remote in a dismal wilderness and their manner of 
liveing far different from the English. 



74 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

This Government have ordered the Erecting of a Fort and 
Trading house at Casco Bay ; which is now in doing and may 
probably prove of some advantage to engage the Indians by 
makeing reasonable supplies to them, and to check their 
Insults, if they should breake forth into rebellion. 

I have not farther at present, onely to pray your Hono^^ 
acceptance of the tenders of my hmnble service and to 
believe that I am, with much Respect 

Hon^.i^ S^ 
YoT Hono^? Very humble & obedient servant 

Is"^ Addington 
Cap? Robinson will be going for N : EngF about Feb^ next : 
And may be heard of at the Sun Coffee-house behind the 
Exchange 

rec* Nov^ the 4^^ 1700 



Mr. Or owners title to Penobscot ; and other lands adjacent. 

King James the first, by his Letters Patents under the Great 
Seale of Scotland, bearing date the tenth of September, 1621 ; 
graunted to S^ William Alexander, Lord of Menstrue, prin- 
cipall Secretary of State, of the Kingdome of Scotland, and 
to his heires for ever, all that country in America, call'd Nova 
Scotia. 

King Charles the first, confirmed this graunt, in the yeare 
1625. 

The said S^ William Alexander, by his deede, bearing 
date, the thirty eth of Aprill 1630, made over all his right, 
and title, in the greatest part of the said Nova Scotia ; to 
S^ Claud de S* Estienne Lord of La Tour, and of Vuarre, 
and to his son Charles de S* Estienne, Esq^ Lord of S* Denis 
court, and to their heires for ever. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 75 

The said S^ Claud, and Charles de S^ Estienne were French 
Protestants ; who for the good service they did, in discover- 
ing the said lands to the English ; and assisting, and promot- 
ing the plantation, both with their persons, and fortunes, 
were naturaliz'd, and created Baronets of Nova Scotia. 

The said S^ William Alexander, by authority of the afore- 
said Letters Patents, erected two Baronyes in Nova Scotia ; 
one he call'd La Tour, and the other S* Denis Court. And 
in the afore mention'd deede, he graunted to the said Sr 
Claud, and his son Charles de S! Estienne, and to their heires 
for ever, all jurisdictions, and priviledges in those countryes 
that a scotch Marquesse, Earle, or Baron, has in Scotland 
and the titles of Baron La Tour, and Baron S* Deniscourt. 

About the yeare 1630 ; the French put in their claymes to 
Nova Scotia, pretending it to be a part of Canada; and not 
long after prevaild with the King to surrender it. 

They also earnestly sollicited the King, to abandon the 
interests of the said S^ Claud, and S^ Charles de S* Estienne, 
but that his Majesty absolutely refusd ; it being against his 
honor so to do ; as appeares by an originall letter, written 
from the said Sir William Alexander, to the said S^ Claud de 
S* Estienne, dated the 16*? of Aprill, 1631: which letter can 
at any time be produced. Accordingly when his Maty deliv- 
ered Nova Scotia to the French, he articled that the said S^ 
Claud and S^ Charles de S* Estienne shou'd enjoy their 
lands. 

Penobscot, was first discovered by some inhabitants of New 
Plimouth, in New England. They sent one Cap^ Willet, 
with a vessell and some men, to take possession of it, and 
build and plant there, for their advantage ; which he did, and 
possesst it quietly, till Nova Scotia was delivered to the 
French; and one Mounsieur D'Aulney sent (Jovernour of it. 

Then y*" said Mons^ D'Aulney sail'd from Nova Scotia, 
towards Penobscot : and hearing that Cap^ Willet was design- 



76 DOCtTMENTARY HISTORY 

ing to saile to Boston ; Mon^ D'Aulney way layd him : and 
meeting with him at sea, he invited him aboard his vessell, 
pretending he was desirous to entertaine him as a friend. 
Cap! Willet was aboard; but when Mons^ D'Aulney had 
him there, he told him if he wou'd peaceably dehver Penob- 
scot to him, he would at a certaine time he nam'd, give him 
the full value of it in beavour, and other f urres : but if he 
refus'd he let him know he was his prisoner, and he wou'd 
carry him to Nova Scotia. 

Cap* Willet finding himselfe in a dangerous snare, thought 
it was his safest way to accept of Mons^ d'Aulneys proposall, 
for the price, and time of payment, and in the meane while 
to gain his liberty, he surrenderd Penobscot to D'Aulney ; 
and then saild to Boston, and acquainted his owners, and 
employers, what a tricke D'Aulney had put upon him. 

When the time of payment was come ; his owners sent 
him to receive the beavours and furres, D'Aulney had 
promisd. when he arrived at Penobscot, he found D'Aulney 
there. D'Aulney hearing Cap* Willet was in the harbour, 
went with some men aboard him, and pretended his beavours 
and furres were ready, and he shou'd have 'em next day, if 
he pleas'd. Meane while he desired to make him welcome 
and treate hun aboard his owne vessell, which he did very 
liberally. The treate lasted till midnight then D'Aulney 
cuts Cap* Willets cable, turnes him a drift ; goes with his 
owne men aboard his own boates, and then call'd out to 
Cap* Willet, and let him know, he had payd him for Penob- 
scot, as much as ever he intended, and bad him begone. 

Cap* Willet then saild to Boston, and once more acquainted 
his owners, how he had beene abus'd by D'Aulney, and what 
litle hopes there was of payment ; then they acquiesc'd, and 
never troubled themselves about Penobscot more. 

By this treachery Penobscot was gotten by D'Aulney and 
the French. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 77 

D'Aulney's next endeavour was to get S^ Claud and 
S^ Charles de S* Estienne out of their estates. 
They resided in Nova Scotia, in a large fort they had built 
upon S* John's river, and calld it S* Johns fort ; and mannd 
it w^ Scotts. D'Aulney beseiged the fort, and forc'd 
S^ Charles to fly to New England for succour, where he bor- 
rowed five hundred pound of one Major Gibbons ; and with 
that money, mannd a vessell, for the reliefe of his Fort ; but 
when he came thether he found his fort taken, most of the 
scots put to y*" sword his lady dead ; poysond as he was 
inform'd by her enemyes the Fryers. 

Then ST Charles went to France and complaind. The 
French King abhorr'd D'Aulneys wickedness, and gave 
St Charles commission to be Governo*" of Nova Scotia, 
authority to resume all the lands MonsT D'Aulney had taken 
from him, and orders to send the said D'Aulney a prisoner 
to France, to answer for all his villanyes. 

And to make the said ST Charles de ST Estienne farther 
satisfaction, for all the dammages he had suffered by the 
tyranny of D'Aulney, which were upwards of thirty thousand 
pounds the French King gave the s^ ST Charles Port Royall, 
and Penobscot. 

Then the said Sir Charles saild to Nova Scotia ; but before 
he arrived, D'Aulney had by his insolence and tyranny, made 
himselfe so hate full to his owne people; that crossing a 
river in a canoe, one of his servants that went w^.^ him, over- 
set the canoo, and drownd his master- When ST Charles 
arriv'd the Fryers having lost their friend, made peace with 
ST Charles and ST Charles marryed D'Aulneys widow. 
Then the Fiyers delivered up to him, not only his owne 
lands, but all that D'Aulney had possest. 

In the year 1654, some English men o'war were at Mana- 
hadas, then a Dut<h colony, now call'd New Yorke ; in order 
to beseige it, for then there was a war between England, and 



78 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Holland. But newes arriving of a peace, before they had 
taken the Towne, and the Souldiers loath to returne without 
plunder, they saild to Nova Scotia, and found S' Charles de 
S* Estienne, in possession of all Nova Scotia and Penobscot, 
both as governour, and proprietour, his father S^ Claud 
being dead. 

Then though at that time there was great amity betweene 
England & France, the English Fleete landed men upon 
S^ Charles tooke severall of his houses, plunderd 'em, and then 
burnt 'em, and at length made him yeild up all Nova Scotia, 
Penobscot, and all the lands belonging to it, and then they 
carryed him with them to England. When S^ Charles was in 
England ; he complained to some Members of one of Crom- 
wells Parliaments, which was then sitting of y® violence, and 
injustice done him, at a time when there was full peace 
betweene England & France. Cromwell, to stop complaints 
in Parliament against him let S^ Charles know after he had 
petition'd him that If he wou'd compound for his lands, as 
other subjects of England did, he shou'd enjoy 'em, otherwise 
not S^ Charles consented, then Cromwell enjoynd him to pay 
of all the English souldiers that were in Nova Scotia, and 
that cost S^ Charles above two thousand pound. 

Then the said S^ Charles, by his deed, bearing date, y^ 
twentyeth of September 1656, made over all his right & title 
to Nova Scotia, to Penobscot, and all the lands belonging to 
it, from the river S^ Croix, to the river Musconcus, bordring 
on Pemaquid, to Thomas Temple, and William Crowne 
Esquiers, and their heires forever for the summe of three 
thousand, three hundred and seventy odde pounds. The 
said S^ Charles also reserv'd to himselfe, and his heires for- 
ever, the twentyeth skin of all kinds of Peltry, of equall 
value, with the rest; as also the twentyeth part of all the 
fruits and productions of the earth, of what kind soever. 



OF THE STATE OF ]MAINE 79 

Then the aforesaid three proprietours, went over, and 
tooke possession of their lands ; the said Thomas Temple 
going governour hj Croniwells Commission. 
Not long after their arrivall there, the said Thomas Temple, 
and William Crowne divided their lands, And the said 
Thomas Temple by his deede, bearing date the twelfe of 
September 1657, made over all his right and title to Penob- 
scot, and all the lands from the river Machias, on y® East, to 
the river Musconcus on the west, bordring on Pemaquid, in 
New England to the said William Crowne, and his heires 
for ever. And the said WilHam Crowne, made over all his 
right and title to Nova Scotia, to the said Thomas Temple 
and his heires for ever. 

Then the said William Crowne, tooke possession of Penob- 
scot, dwelt in it, and built a considerable trading house, some 
leagues up the river, at a place antiently call'd Negue ; but 
by himselfe Crownes point. 

In the yeare 1662, the said Thomas Temple, and William 
Crowne came over to England: and had a hearing before 
King Charles the second, and the Lords and others, of his 
Majestyes most hon''.'® Privy Councell then in being. And 
by the Lord Chancellour Hide, and the major part of the 
Privy councell, their titles to the aforesaid lands were 
adjudged to be good, and they permitted to returne, and 
repossess 'em, which they did. The said Thomas Temple 
was created by the King a Baronet of Nova Scotia, and com- 
missiond to be Governour. S^ Thomas Temple, being once 
more Governour, oppress'd the said William Crowne ; and 
forc'd from him a lease, of Penobscot, and all the lands 
belonging to it ; for a rent far short of the value ; and two 
considerable rich New England merchants, were bound for 
the payment of y* rent and for very good reason, for they 
farm'd, all the said lands of S^ Thomas 'J'emple : but neither 



80 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

they nor S^ Thomas payd the said William Crowne a farthing 
rent. 

Then the said William Crowne sued 'em before the Gov- 
ernours of New England, but the Governours, and merchants 
being all brethren of one Independent congregation in Boston 
in New England, y® Governours protected their brethren in 
their dishonesty ; and pretending the dispute was, about a 
title of lands, which lay out of their jurisdiction, they refus'd 
to give y^ said William Crowne judgement, upon a bond 
made by their owne brethren, in their owne towne of Boston, 
nay they rejected a verdict given by one of their owne juryes, 
at the tryall, in behalfe of the said William Crowne ; By ver- 
tue of the aforesaid partiall and corrupt judgement; ST 
Thomas Temple, and the said merchants, enjoyd the said 
William Crowne estate, and payd him nothing for it. 

Thus it continued, till the yeare 1668 ; when King Charles 
consented to deliver Nova Scotia, to the French ; and sent a 
commission under the great scale, to ST Thomas Temple to 
deliver it. 

St Thomas being at that time, in possession of Penobscot, 
and all the lands belonging to it, by vertue of the aforesaid 
lease, presum'd to deliver 'em all to the French, pretending 
they were a part of Nova Scotia ; which he knew to be false, 
but they were the estate of the said William Crowne. There- 
fore to impoverish, and totally disable the said William 
Crowne, from following him to England, and sueing him 
there, for the many hundred pounds he owed him, for non- 
payment of rent, he gave up Penobscot, and all the lands 
belonging to it, to the French; for which when he came to 
England, King Charles sent him to y^ Tower. 

Before ST Thomas deliverd Nova Scotia, he demolished all 
the Forts there, and brought away y® gmines, because they 
were his owne : but Penobscot he dehvered entire, with all 
the gunnes, and ammunition in it ; because they belonged to 



OF THE STATE OF MAJNE 81 

the said William Crowne. Therefore if he had brought them 
to Boston, the said William Crowne, might have seiz'd and 
sold them. 

To conclude ; Penobscot, mth all the lands belonging to 
it, was originally an English Plantation ; discovered by some 
inhabitants of New Plymouth, in New England ; and they 
were the first of any Christian nation that settled there. The 
French got it, by an impudent cheate, put upon the English, 
by I\Ioimsieur D'Aulney, the French Governour of Nova 
Scotia. 

Some yeares after, it came againe into English hands ; and 
the French got it, a second time, not by any right or title 
tliey had to it, but by the falsehood, and corruption, of S^ 
Thomas Temple, the English Governour, for which he was 
punish'd, but not so much as he deserv'd. 

Not many yeares after ST Thomas Temple deliver'd it ; 
a war broke out betweene France, and Holland. Then y* 
Dutch sent a man of war or two, to Penobscot, who beate 
downe the Fort there, carried away all the French they found 
there prisoners, brought all the great gunnes, and ammunition 
that were there to Boston, in New England, and sold 'em to 
y® Governours and people of Boston, for almost six hundred 
pounds ; and they put 'em in the Castle, which guards their 
harbour. When the Dutch had done this, they tooke no care 
of Penobscot, but entirely abandond it. Then Kmg Charles 
once more tooke possession of it ; and put it under the com- 
mand of the Governour of New Yorke ; who made considera- 
ble benefit of it ; suft'ring none to trade there without his 
leave. And an order was issued out, by the Governour and 
councell of New Yorke, bearing date the 28*? of November 
1683, for the disposing and plantuig, Penobscot, and all the 
lands belonging to it, lying betweene Nova Scotia, and Ken- 
nebecke river. 



82 DOCUIMENTAIIY HISTORY 

And no opposition was made to the said order, by y* 
French, notwithstanding the great interest they had at that 
time in the Enghsh court. 

Penobscot was under the dominion of England & y® com- 
mand of the Governour of New Yorke, all the latter end of 
the reigne of King Charles the second ; and all the reigne of 
the late King James, By consequence his present Majesty, 
has beene in possession of it all his reigne ; and the French 
have not the least pretence to it. 

By the death of the aforementioned William Crowne, all 
his right and title, to Penobscot, and all the lands from the 
river Machias, on the East, to the river Musconcus on y* 
west, bordering on Pemaquid, is descended to his eldest son, 
and heire John Crowne who now humbly petitions for res- 
tauration or compensation. 

End: New England 

Mem\from MC Crown relating to his Title to Penobscot 
in New England. 

^^^^ ! NovZ m^ 1700. 



The Peticon of John Crowne Gent. 

To the Right Hono^^« the Lords Com!^ for Trade and Planta- 
tions. 

The humble Peticon of John Crowne Gentleman. 
Sheweth 

That your PetT is rightfull Proprietor of Penobscot, and 
other Lands in America, lying westward of Nova Scotia; 
from the River Machias on the East, to the River Musconcus 
on the West, bordering on Pemaquid. The said Lands were 
purchased by your Pet^? Father; and possest by him, till 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 83 

1668; when S"" Thomas Temple, Governour of Nova Scotia, 
beuig in Possession of them, by virtue of a Lease from your 
Pet^? Father, presum'd to give em up to the French, for his 
own Sinister ends, without any authority from the King. 
And now your PetT is inform'd that the Limmits of his 
Maj*!®^ Dominions in America, Are to be settled by English 
and French Comm'"? 

Your Pet^ therefore does most humbly Pray your LordP.P^ 
that his Claime to the aforesaid Lands may be heard. 
And ¥*■ Pet^ as in Duty bound shall ever pray &c 

End : New England 

M'C Crowns Petition relating to his Title to Peyiohscot in 
America. 



The hounds of Nova Scotia, and Penobscot, with the lands 

belonging to it, as they are expresst in Cromivells 

Patent, and y® deede of Partition 

In Oliver Cromwells Patent, the bounds of Nova Scotia, are 
thus mentiond From Mereliquish on the East, to the Port 
and cape of La Heve, leading along the coast, to Cape Sable, 
from thence to a Port, now called La Tour, heretofore named 
L'omery. From thence follov/ing the coast, to the cloven 
cape. From thence to the cape, and river of Ingogen ; 
thence to Port Royall ; and from thence following the coast, 
to the bottome of the bay. From thence along the bayes to 
S* Johns Fort. After this, Oliver Cromwells Patent, men- 
tions no other place, in Nova Scotia by name ; only sayes, all 
along the coast, to Pentagonet, alias Penobscot, thence to 
S' Georges river, and thence to Musconcus. 

The true bounds of Nova Scotia, are only to be found, in 
the originall Patent, grauntcd ])y King James the first. But 



84 DOCUIMENTARY HISTORY 

they were alwaies judged, by Si; Charles St Estienne, 
Thomas Temple, and William Crowne, the Proprietours and 
possessours to be Merelequish on the East, and the river 
S? Croix on y^ west. And beyond the river St Croix, Nova 
Scotia extends not westward. 

The said Thomas Temple and William Crowne, divided 
their lands ; And Thomas Temple by his deede bearing date 
the twelfth of September 1657 made over to Wilham 
Crowne, and his heires for ever, Penobscot, and all the lands 
lying westward of the river Machias to y'^ river Muscongus, 
bordi-ing on Pemaquid Machias Penobscot, and Musconcus, 
are the only remarkeable places, mentiond in the deede of 
Partition. Machias is a river that runs some few leagues 
westwards of S' Croix ; the utmost westward boundary of 
Nova Scotia. In St Charles de St Estiennes deede to 
Thomas Temple, and William Crowne, no places are perticu- 
larly named, only in generall all New Scotland, as it is 
bounded, in the originall Patent, graunted by King James 
the first, to St William Alexander, and his heires ; and as it 
is mentioned in the said St William Alexanders deede to 
St Claud and the said St Charles de St Estienne and their 
heires : And all New Scotland, with other lands adjoyning, 
as they are mentioned in Oliver Cromwells Patent, to the 
said St Charles de St Estienne, Thomas Temple, and William 
Crowne. 



Rt Hon^i« 

A In obedience to the Commands of Their Excellencies 
the Lords Justices m Coimcil by Their Order of the 18*? of 
July last signified in your LordR^ Letter of the l^t of August 
( a copy of s* order being also mclosed ) Directmg the respec- 
tive Governours of his Ma*P Plantations in America to trans- 
mit an Accompt to your LordP.^ in the most particular manner, 



OF THE STATE OF JMAINE 85 

of the method of proceedings in the several Courts upon 
Tryal of all Sorts of Causes in the s? Courts in those parts 
respectively ; I have taken care ( in the absence of our Gov- 
ernour the Earl of Bellomont, who is now within his Govern- 
ment of New Yorke ) of the observation of the s"? Order, and 
accordmgly herewith transmit to your LordR^ the Accompt 
thereby required in as particular manner as well can be, hope- 
ing it will answer his Ma^y^ and your Lordships expectation 
and satisfaction. 

B I crave leave further to observe to your LordR^ the pres- 
ent repose and quiet of this his Ma^P Province after the late 
Alarm of troubles threatned to arise from the Indians by a 
fresh Insurrection & breaking forth in open hostility, and 
how necessary it is in order to y® contmuance of this quiet 
that the French Priests and Missionaries be removed from 
their residence among them, the Indians taking measures from 
their evil counsels and suggestions, and are bigotted in their 
zeal to their pernicious and danmable principles ; But the 
removal of those Incendiaries is rendred difficult whilst the 
claims and pretensions to the Boundaries of Territory and 
Dominion betwixt the English and French are depending 
undetermined, or at least the determination not known in the 
Plantations. 

C This Government have lately erected a Trading house 
with a Fortification, and setled a Garrison at Casco Bay for 
accomodating of Trade ^vith the Indians and by kind usage 
and treatment of them therein hope to oblige them and to 
divert their conversation & commerce with the French and 
have likewise made provision for Trade with them at Saco 
Fort and other places, and by meanes of their drawing thitlier 
to gain the advantage for instructing of them in tlie true 
Christian Religion, To which end two English Ministers are 
sent to reside in the Eastern parts, one at the Fort at Saco, 
and the other at Casco Fort. 



86 DOCUIVIENTARY HISTORY 

I am also credibly informed That the French in Nova 
Scotia or L'Accadie have slighted their Fortification at the 
River S^ Johns, and are removed to Port Royal where they 
are fortifying and setling a strong Garrison, having Artillery 
and souldiers sent from France this year for that purpose, 
and are likewise about to settle a Garrison at the River S^ 
Georges ; and possibly think to make Encroachments further 
Westward into his Ma*>® Territory, even as far as the River 
of Kennebeck whereto they have lately made pretensions, tho 
altogether groundless and without any Shew of Reason or 
Justice ; however, hereby they will strengthen and confirm 
the Indians in their Interests and have the Command over 
them, and. annoy our Fishery unless a stop be put thereto by 
an adjustment and Settlement of the Boundarys ; The which 
I thought necessary for his Majesties Service to lay before 
your Lordships. 

Having nothing further to give your Lord^.^ the trouble of 
at present. I am with all imaginable respect 
Right Hon^.'« 

Your Lordships 
Boston Most humble & obedient Servant 

December y« 20'?^ 1700. Wm. Stoughton 

Lords Commiss" of the Council for Trade &c. 



Report on JoTiJi Crown's Petition. 

To the Kings most Excellent Majesty 
May it please Your Majesty. 

In obedience to Your Majestys Commands upon a Peti- 
tion of John Crown Esq^ where of a Copy is hereunto 
Annexed, We have exammed his Title to the Lands therein 
mentioned, and thereupon humbly Report. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 87 

That the Country called Penobscot lying South West 
from the River S* Croix, ( the Ancient Boundary between 
Nova Scotia and New England) appears unto Us to have 
formerly belonged to his Father M! William Cro^vn and to 
be descended to the Petitioner. 

But that in the Execution of the 10^?^ Article of the 
Treaty of Breda for the Surrender of Accadie (or Nova 
Scotia ) to the French the said Country of Penobscot was 
delivered up to them, tho it be not truly Comprehended in 
the Treaty, as being no part of Accadie ) and that they have 
thereupon claimed a Title to it, which has ever since remain'd 
in cUspute between England and France, Whereby the Peti- 
tioner has been deprived of the advantage which he might 
otherwise have made by his Right to the Propriety of the 
said Country, without any Compensation from the Crown 
( that we know of ) either to his Father or himself for the loss 
arrising to them by the Surrender of more than was required 
by the Treaty. 

All which nevertheless is most humbly Submitted. 
Signed 

Stamford Lexington 

Whitehall Ph : Meadows Blathwayt 

January the J. Pollexfen Ab : Hill 

22nd 1701 G: Stepney M^ Prior 

(No Endorsement) 



Casco Bay June the 3^ 1701 
A Memorial of those heads or Propositions on which 
Col? John Phillips, Col? Penn Tovvnsend, Cap* Nathaniel 
Byfield & John Nelson, being Commisionated by the 
Hon^.^« William Stoughton Lieu* Governour and the Hon^.'® 
the Council, for the Province of the Massachusetts Bay in 



88 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

New England, did treat with the Eastern Indians, and were 

as followeth viz* 

Sometime after that the Commissioners and the Indian 

Sagamore or Chiefs had taken each their places at a Table 

set under a Tent spread in the Woods, The Commissioners 

began and told them, by two English Interpreters and one 

Indian 

Com : We are here sent by his Ma*y to treat with you and 
renew our Friendship with you. 

Ind : We are here also generally met together and are very 
glad to see you. 

Com : 1 Prop : That our great Master Kmg William having 
been duly mformed of that renewal and confirmation of 
Friendship which you offered unto our late Governour the 
Earl of Bellomont in that great Assembly of Indians, with 
whom you did desire to joyne in a mutual & publick 
League of amity with us he has ordered us to informe you 
how well he has accepted the same and that he has com- 
manded the Government of the Massachusetts punctually 
to perform and conforme themselves to all things contained 
in the s*? Treaty concluded with you at Albany in October 
1700. 

We know that King William hath power to make peace 
when he will, and we are glad that he hath accepted us 
into the League of Friendship & that you are now sent to 
confirme it. 

2 Pro : That since the death of the s^ Earl of Bellomont, 
there is come new and express Orders from our Comon 
Father the great King William by which we are com- 
manded to come unto you in this country to renew & keep 
fresh in memory the afores^ Treaty, and as Brethren & 
Friends to rejoice with you in the happy fruits of so well 
a setled peace amongst us, whereby all former mistakes 
and injuries may be for ever buried and forgot, and at the 



OF THE STATE OF IVIAIME 89 

same time to sliew you our hearts, both in setliiig the 
Trade so to y^ advantage as that for the future you may 
never want anything and at cheap rates and prices, as also 
to bring imto you the presents which the King has been 
pleased to send you. 

Ind : Ans'' We are very glad that the great King Wilham 
hath so far taken notice of us as to send you amongst us that 
the friendship between us may be confirmed which we do 
from out hearts agree to, and from this day forward it 
shall be for ever talked of amongst us, and we also desire 
that all former inquiries and Mischiefs that have been 
committed on either side may be forever buried under 
ground. We are also thankful for the good Settlement of 
the Trade for us, and we pray that we may have Goods 
sold to us at a cheap rate, and that no Rum may be sold 
the Indians. 

3 Pro : That the experience of the benefits of the present 
peace & quietness is sufficient to convince how it ought 
inviolably to be maintained and that neither party believe 
or hearken to any who by false or subtle perswasions shall 
seek to disturb it, but rather hold them Enemies for so 
doing, and if unhappily any misunderstanding should arise 
by any wrong done unto you by our People, upon yo' 
Complaint due punishm* shall be inflicted & satisfaction 
made which we hkewise expect on your parts to be per- 
formed to us. 

Ind : Ans"^ We promise to observe it and desire the same 
thing of you. 

4th Prop: That in future confirmation of your amity & 
fremdship, we are to offer unto you the protection of our 
great and mighty Prince King William who under this 
Covenant of peace looks upon you as his Children, and 
therefore is ready to defend you against any that shall 
invade or disturb you 

Ind : Ans^ In case any Nation should make War upon us 



90 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

we do not desire that our Uncle King William ( which 
Title we esteem equal to Father) should loose any men on 
our Account until we have tried what we can do for our 
own defence. 

5th Prop : That we are likewise to note imto you our Jeal- 
osies concerning the French by whom you have been so 
often seduced, that through their false reports you may 
not again be deceived, but rather call to remembrance 
those times when by a full confidence and love we were 
useful unto each other, which same Trust you may see we 
are again endeavouring to restore not only by a free Trade 
and supplymg of you with powder, lead, Armes and all 
other things you may need at such prices as the French 
( who cheat you ) cannot do whereby you may be the better 
enabled to keep your promises so lately made unto the E : 
of Bellomont, in cutting down trees m the path so for ever 
stopping the way to Quebec since we shall for your safety 
furnish whatever you want, at your own doors and spare 
you the labour of going so far. 

Ind. Ans^ In case we should stop up our roads to Canada 
many of our Brethren would be hindred from coming over 
to us, besides many amongst us care not to be deprived of 
the liberty of going whither they please, yet we think there 
will be little necessity of going to the French smce we may 
be so well supplied with what we want from the English. 

6 Prop : That from the repeated Treatys made with you 
whereby you have put your selves mider the protection of 
the Crown of England &c our great King William do's 
expect the punctual performeance of your promisses for the 
future, and on his part you shall ever receive such favour 
& protection as is due unto his Children 

Ind : Ans! We do not mind any talk but what we now say, 
we resolve to stand to it, and it comes from our very 
hearts. 

7 Prop: That altho a Solemn peace had lately been con- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 91 

eluded between his Ma*-y and the French King which was 
to have lasted for ever Yet thro his perfidious and false 
dealings therein, our King will be forced to enter into a 
new War with him, unless satisfaction be made for the 
prosecution of which he is making greater preparations 
than ever. We are therefore the rather desirous of mak- 
ing this known unto you, to the mtent you may not be sur- 
prized at it, nor receive any reports which the French may 
make of us on j^ regard, since we design nor intend any 
thmg that may break our covenants with you but that in 
whatever shall happen you may be assured of perfect peace 
and quiet from us, and unto all those Indians who shall 
not take any part or assist the French in case the War 
should break out agam with them. 

Ind: AnsT We thank you that you will give us notice of 
the likelyhood of a War between the Frencli and the 
English, and we desire to keep ourselves free, and not to 
be under the command of any party, and we will endeavour 
what we can to brmg the Indians that live upon the French 
Gromid under the same Obligations with our selves. And 
if any damage happen to be done upon the English by the 
Indians that may pretend to belong to any of our three 
Forts of Xorridgawog, Ammassakuntick or Narrakamagog, 
we desire the Enghsh would not believe it till they have 
sent to us for information, and we promise to make inquiry 
into the matter and if they belong to us we will endeavour 
to do you Justice for if we should not, we should all 
become equally guilty. 

8 Prop : That for your further assureance and advantage in 
abiding in y* Country the Government has thought good to 
settle with you an Armourer who for the future shall 
repair or mend any or all of your Guns that may prove 
defective, and that gratis so that you may have no pre- 
tence or occasion of going to Canada or to tlie French in 
these parts for want of this or any supply whatsoever. 



92 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Ind : Ans"^ We are very thankful that we can have Guns 
mended here for nothing especially because formerly when 
any of our Guns were but a little broken we lookt upon 
them as lost, and we promise to bring in no Enemies Guns 
to be mended. Here the Indians Queried whether the 
Penobscot Indians might not be included m benefit of hav- 
ing their Guns mended, on which condition they promised 
to use their best endeavours to engage them as themselves 
in this same Treaty. 

The Answer was that all Indians in friendship with us 
should have the same priviledge. 

9 Prop. That to the intent of perfecting our future & 
mutual friendship & acquaintance we have thought good 
to offer and invite your sending of some of your Children 
to live amongst us whom we shall take care of both for 
their maintenance and Education & to return them at such 
times as you shall desire, and that if you are any ways 
inclmeable to have your young men see England and King 
William, we shall send them whereby you may be better 
informed of the circumstances of our Nation. 

To this ninth Proposition they desired time to consider, 
and whereon it being near night and bad weather, we 
broke up until the next day. 

June the 4*? 

Ind. Ans^ We conclude not to send any of our Children to 
England, because Moxus his son when he was sent to 
France, he died there, And we conclude not to send any 
of our children to Boston because we formerly had two of 
our children at Boston, called John & Robin, which we 
believe have by this time learned to read & write English 
enough, and they never yet have been returned amongst 
us 

10 Prop ; That it is left unto your selves seriously to con- 
sider what may yet remain or be most for your ease safety 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 93 

and advantage Avbich as we earnestly desire, so shall read- 
ily hearken unto, and perform anything that may be con- 
sistant with his Ma^y honour and the safety of his Subjects 
in these countrys &c 
Ind : Ans' We desire to be informed about the two Children 

mentioned in our answer to the 9^^ Paragraph 
Comiss^? Reply Those two Children were taken in War, and 
disposed of by those to whom they did belong, and we 
hear that one of them is dead and the other is now in 
London where he is well provided for and we believe he 
hath lost his Language and that he will not incline to 
return but if he be willing we shall use our Endeavours 
to procure him 
Ind; You ought to force him to come home for we have a 
great mind to see him we forced some of your Captives to 
return home 
Com^ He is out of our Government, and we can't force him 

but we shall use our utmost endeavour to obtain him. 
2'y We desire that if you should hereafter have occasion to 

treat with us we might meet together at Merry Meeting 
Reply The Indians must then be at the Pains to prepare a 

house for our Accomodation. 
Ind; We are willing to do it, and we desire that always we 
may have timely notice of the time of meeting by a Letter 
from this Fort at Casco bay, and we shall not hearken to 
any other. 
3'y We desire to have a Trading house erected at Merry 

Meeting. 
11 Prop That we cannot avoid taking notice of your affect- 
ing or wearing a french flagg or Colours, which if you 
purpose to maintain any setled correspondence or friend- 
ship with our nation must for the future be forborne in 
this or any part of his Ma*y^ Dominions, and that you meet 
and treat with us under English Baimers which at your 



94 DOCUMENTAEY HISTOHY 

desire or request we shall take care to supply you with as 
occasion may require. 

Ind : AnsT We thought it necessary to have some flagg or 
other, and having no other we put up a white one, but if 
you will please to furnish us with an English flagg, we 
promise to wear it for the future as a signal between us. 

12 Prop: That we are in an especial manner directed to 
invite you mito an Union with us m the true Christian 
Religion, separated from those foolish superstitious and 
plana Idolatries with wliich the Roman Catholicks and 
especially the Jesuits and IMissionarys have currupted it, 
to which mtent we are to offer you the assistance of 
Teachers for your Instruction in like manner as is prac- 
tised amongst those Indians who live amongst us, of whom 
great numbers have happily received, and live in the faith 
of our Lord Jesus Christ, in which great undertaking we 
shall expect nothing more on your parts than your good 
treatment of those Mmisters whom we shall at any time 
send amongst you. 

Ind : AnsT It much surprizeth us that you should propose 
any thing of Religion to us, for we did not think any thing 
of that nature would have been mentioned. 

Furthermore nothing of that nature was mentioned when 
the peace was concluded between all Nations, Furthermore 
the English formerly neglected to instruct us in Religion 
which if they had then offered it to us, we should have 
embraced it and detested the Religion which we now pro- 
fess, but now being instructed by the French we have 
promised to be true to God in our Religion, and it is this 
we profess to stand by. 

Com : We propose that for a perpetual remembrance of our 
good agreement, each party should raise a heap of stones. 

Ind : We do well agree to it, and we understand it better 
than signing of a writing. 

Two heaps of stones were accordmgly raised in the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 95 

place of Treaty that is to say, the Commissioners on the 
English part each of them laid one Foundation stone, and 
the men then present w*!^ them made up the heap m a 
square Pyramide. And the Indian Sagamore each of them 
for their part likewise laid a Foundation stone, and then 
all the Indians and their children made up their heap in a 
roundish Pyramide, to west of the English, upon the point 
formerly called Andrews his point, now mutually agreed 
forever hereafter be called the two Brothers point, from 
the two Pillars. 

Upon information of some English Captives yet remain- 
ing amongst them, a demand was made for their release. 

The Indians replied. We know not of any amongst us 
but if we can possibly see that Child of ours which is in 
England it will be great encouragem* & we will endeavour 
to redeem any captives of yo" that we can heare of either 
at Canada or elsewhere. 

Concerning the Indians that treated with the Maqua's 
in October last. The Indians say that those Indians that 
then treated with the Maqua's went on their own heads. 

Com : Shall we then tell' the Maqua's that all y^ Treaty goes 
for nothing. 

Ind : After a considerable non plus, they replyed that those 
Indians were only sent to know the Issue of the Earl of 
Bellomonts Treaty with the Maqua's. 

The names of the Chief Sachems. 

Moxus I ^ -^T ,. 1 . 

Dondomhegon \ ' b &a John Phillips 

Wasahomljomet "j Penn Townsend 

Abomhomen al? > of Amassakantick Natha^ Bvfield 

Jn? Maherimet ) t^ xt i 

^ J? Nelson 

Adeaw^anadon ) p-nt ^ i 

TV, 1 1 [ or JMarrackamagog/ 

Madagwunesseak \ ^ ^' 

A true Copy Exam** 
Is? Addington Secry. 



96 DOCIJMENTAIIY HISTORY 

My Lord 

I should tbiiik I ill upheld the character of those of my 
Nation, and the perfect union which we ought to endeavour 
to preserve with our Neighbours if, at my arrival by order of 
the King my Master on the Coasts of Accadie, of which his 
Ma*?' has honoured me with the Command, I did not witness 
to you by the advice I give you of my arrival in this Prov- 
ince, that I desire nothing so much as to imploy all my care 
and all the knowledge which a long experience in the trade 
of War ought to give me, in keeping in an exact discipline 
the Souldiers Inhabitants and Indians of our Colonies, that 
nothing for the future may interrupt, by any offence on their 
part towards you the good Sentiments which we have of 
entertaining a loving & advantagious Correspondence as long 
as it shall please the King of England yo^ Master and him 
whose most faithful & humble Subject I have the honour to 
be 

Having left the Affairs of Europe when I came from thence 
is a doubtful situation as to war or peace, I thought it my 
duty. My Lord, to represent to you as far as I can, and the 
King my Master has left it to my disposal, that it seems to 
me of consequence for the publick safety of your Inhabitants 
as well as ours, to find out away to avoid the havock and 
crueltys of the Indians who breath nothing but blood and 
all sorts of inhumane and odious torments to us as well as our 
Enemies, which cannot be hindred but by a particular treaty 
from you to us, during all the courses and acts of hostility on 
our Coasts, in not espousing the differences which our Sov- 
eraign Princes may issue in Europe by foi'ce of amies./ 

My Lord, I do not propose these sorts of agreements but 
as far as the consent of the King of England your Master 
may resolve you, and if, after having well examined our com- 
mon Interests, you be determined m case of War, to a sus- 
pension of Armes on your side as well as ours, till you have 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 97 

informed and have received Orders from his Ma*?' of Britain 
on this Subject we do assure you, that on our side shall be 
held, till then a firme and sincere peace, expecting a declara- 
tion made faithfully on the Resolutions which you shall take, 
of which we pray you to give us advice with the same fidel- 
ity which we promise on our part. 

My Lord, If hereafter the proposal which I make you 
singly for the good of yours and our People do not suit the 
Interests of both Crowns we will make to you as we expect 
you will to us, a publiek declaration before we enterprize any 
thing which may break our Treaty of Union and good 
Correspondence. 

My Lord, This is what I dare promise my selfe to have 
ratified by the King my IVlaster ; if yours will do the same, I 
pray you would let me know it with speed that so I may 
know what to do. 

I cannot omit advising you that I have orders to hinder, 
conformeable to the Treaty of Ryswick, all English Vessels 
from coming to fish in sight of the Lands of this Province. 
I pray you would let it be known in your Ports. 

Assuring you nevertheless, My Lords, that in all things, 
that shall not hinder the Interest of the King my Master, you 
shall never have a Neighbour more desirous than I shall be 
to contribute to every thing that may be for the good of our 
Colonys, and of yours in particular that so I may attract the 
honour of your esteem and good will being perfectly 

My Lord Your most humble & most obedient Servant 
At the Fort at Port Royal Brouillan 

the 8th August 1701./ 

Superscribed 

To my Lord Bellomont Govern^ General of New 

England, or, in his absence to him that cbmmands 

at Boston 
Copy Exam^ g Is^ Addington Secry. 



98 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

To the Kings most Exellent Majesty 

A Memorial of the Comicil & Representatives of your 
Ma*?'^ Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New Eng- 
land. 
May it please your Majesty. 

Upon perusal of your Ma*y^ several gracious Letters of the 
Id^^ of January and 2? February of 1702. directed to your 
Ma^7^ Governour or Commander in chief for the time being of 
Province, and on mature consideration of your Ma*^?^ Royal this 
Commands therein signified, We crave leave in all humble 
and dutiful manner to represent to your sacred Ma*? 

As to the Complaints of the Spoil of woods by cutting 
down & converting to private uses such Trees as are or may 
be proper for the service of your Ma*7^ Royal Navy. 

We are ignorant of any grounds for complaints of that 
nature, none having been made to the Government here of 
any such practice within this Province which had it been we 
should have endeavoured to restraiue and prevent the same. 

Your Ma*y having been pleased by Your Royal Commission 
in y® second year of your Ma*y^ Reign to grant unto Jahleel 
Brenton Gent, the office of Surveyer of all and singuler 
Woods, Fir trees and other Timber trees within these your 
Territories fit and proper for the use of your Ma,^P Royal 
Navy Impowring him his Deputy or Deputys to view Survey 
and marke all such Trees and to register the same &c.. And 
the s? M^ Brenton & his Deputys being in the actual Exer- 
cise of S? Office : We might reasonably expect, had any 
obstruction been given them therein or any spoils made, they 
would have made application to the Government for redress 
thereof, but they have not offered at any time any such Com- 
plaint. And Timber proper for Your Ma*?'^ Service is of so 
great value and esteem here that no persons who have any 
such will readily spoile imbezel or convert it to other use 
because it would be much to their disadvantage. 



OF THE STATE OF MAESTE 99 

As to Fortifications. 

The last Summer we caused a small Fortification to be 
erected at Casco Bay, where there is a Garrison posted, 
upwards of fifty miles to y* Eastward of any present Settle- 
ment of the English whereby we design'd to Accomodate the 
Indians for Trade, and to supply them at easie rates tho with 
loss to the Pubhck to prevent their going to the French 
therefor, and to fix them in the English Interests, as also to 
encourage the resettlement of that part of the Province. 
And a Plantation will be speedily set forward there in case a 
new War do not commence. 

The Fort formerly erected at Pemaquid, cost us not less 
than Twenty Thousand pounds to build and maintain the 
same, and we are not sensible we had in any measure a pro- 
portionable advantage thereby. The Situation thereof was 
on a Promontary towards the Sea Much out of the ordinary 
roads of the Indians Yet were we careful to furnish & sup- 
ply the same with all necessary Stores and provisions & had 
newly reinforced the Garrison ( which with that recruit con- 
sisted of more than four score men ) and sent them fresh 
supplies a little before it unhappily fell into the hands of the 
Enemy. Had the Commander been as well furnished with 
conduct and Resolution it had probably been defended. 

We are humbly of opinion That the building of a Fort at 
Pemaquid, lying upwards of one hundred miles distant from 
any part of y® Province at present inhabited by the English, 
can be no security to our Frontiers, or Bridle to the Indians. 
The only benefit we conceive might arise thereby Avould be 
to shelter a few Boats that may be imployed in fishing 
towards those parts and at some times put in there. And it 
would draw such a considerable charge upon your Ma*^?'^ Sub- 
jects as they cannot possibly support. 

We are actually at work in raising New Fortifications on 
Castle Island near Boston (the place of greatest Import 
within this your Ma*y Province) under the direction and 



100 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

oversight of Col? Romer, your Ma*P Engineer, which workes 
will amount to considerable Sums of Money. And 'tis 
further necessary could we be able to support the charge 
thereof ( which indeed we cannot ) that Fortifications should 
be made in Several other places within this Bay near Boston, 
as Salem, Marblehead, Glocester, Pljrmouth and Hull, being 
so many Avenues by which the Enemy may make Impres- 
sions upon us. 

Our incapacity for doing what is necessary in this respect 
where we are more nearly concerned We hope with Submis- 
sion, will sufficiently excuse us from contributing to the 
charge of building and maintaining of Forts in the Province 
of New Hampshire. Their ability to maintain the Fort in 
that Province is proportionably much greater than that of 
your Ma*P Subjects in this to do what is necessary as to For- 
tifications here. This Province was at very great charge to 
give them assistance during the late War, and must necessa- 
rily further assist them if War arise again, tho they have not 
done any thing towards reimburseing what was before. 

As to the Quota of assistance in men or money for New 
Yorke. We cannot be able to comply therewith without 
apparent hazard of exposing your Ma*7^ Interests within this 
Province. The Line of our Frontier both by Sea and Land 
is of far larger extent than that of New i.'"orke and do's nec- 
essarily require by far, a greater number of men to guard the 
same We lye much more open & exposed to an attack by sea 
than New Yorke do's, and if they be in hazard much more 
shall we, And if War happen with France we must expect 
the Indians will break forth again. The Line of our Frontier 
against them is upwards of two hundred miles in length, and 
the French Indians in the late War found none, or little Dif- 
ficulty to come from Canada down the Rivers either in their 
Canoes or on the Ice in the Winter Season and infest our 
Northern & Western Towns whereto they can have a more 
easie access than to Albany, and 'tis not to be thought but 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 101 

that they will again make use of such advantage, The Inland 
Frontiers of New Yorke are strengthned with some of your 
Ma*y* Foot Companys being constantly upon duty, and have 
the five Nations a Barrier to them who will be ready at all 
times to give them notice of the approach of an Enemy and 
afford them assistance Also, other of your Ma*?^ Colonies lye 
more contiguous to New Yorke and can more readily afford 
them Succours than this Province they lying less exposed. 

The vast Expence tliis Province was at in the time of the 
late War for the preservation of your Ma*^P Interests within 
the same, and in the Province of New Hampshire ( which 
without assistance from hence would become an easy prey to 
the Enemy ) besides y^ devastations then made by the Enemy 
have reduced your Ma*7^ Subjects here to an extream depth 
of poverty. The Wounds they have received both in their 
persons & Estates are so recent, that they would labour of 
insuperable difficulty to be anew embroyled in War, and lia- 
ble to be transported to Serve in another Provmce whilst 
their Families & Estates lye exposed at home. 

As to the sending Accessories in Piracy into England for 
Tryal ; We fear the practice thereof will put discouragement 
on persons to discover any such Accessories they may know 
or be informed of, lest they themselves be obliged to accom- 
pany them into England as Witnesses which may prove ruin- 
ous to many to be taken upon a sudden and carried away 
from their business and Famihes. And the like may be said 
as to persons accused or taken up on Suspition who may 
appear innocent & be acquitted on their Tryal. 

By the afore going Representation, In which we have 
endeavoured truely to set forth the danger your Ma*^y^ sub- 
jects and Interests witlun this Province will be in, of being 
exposed by a new War with France .... together with the 
Indians breaking out again upon us, and our incapacity 
of doing what is necessary for our defence against so potent 



102 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

an Enemy as the French and to counter worke the crafty 
designes & surprizes of the barbarous & bloody Salvages, who 
have such advantages agamst us ; Your Ma*y may be pleased 
to take a view of the State of our affairs and to judge of our 
wants especially of Canon, small armes & other Stores of 
War for the furnishing of your Ma*y* Fortifications within 
this Province as also some ships of War of greater force than 
those at present assigned to this Station for the better guard- 
ing and securing of the Coast in case of War : For which we 
humbly implore your Ma*?'^ Grace. 

We humbly crave leave further to subjoin to the answer 
made by S^ Henry Ashhurst to the Petition preferred to your 
Ma*y by the Earl of Ljnnrick for the grant of a Tract of Land 
called Pemaquid, That, besides the Grant thereof made in 
your Ma^y^ Royal Charter for this Province, the s^ Land with 
others lying both to the Eastward and Westward thereof was 
anciently granted by the Council of Devon to particular per- 
sons as their own property and by them since allotted out, 
and a great part thereof actually improved, until the Lihabi- 
tants were forced away by the hostility of Indians, and will 
be agam resetled, if peace continue which Lands are also 
purchased of the Indians. 

All which is most humbly submitted by Your Ma^^^ 

Most dutiful, obedient and Loyal Subjects 
Boston John Foster Ja:Russell 

August 9th 1701. Peter Sergeant EHsha Cooke 
Joseph Lynde John Hathome John Higginson 

Penn Townsend Elisha Hutchinson Barnabas Lothrop 
E'^ Hutchinson Sam Sewall Natha^ By field 

Benj^ Browne Jonathan Convin Wm Browne 

John Thacher 

In the Name, and by the Order, of the House of 

Representatives./ Nehemiah Jewett Speaker. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 103 

ST 

You having been pleased by your Letter of the 8*^ of 
August currant directed to the Earl of Bellomont our late 
Governour and in his absence to such as have the Command 
within this Province ( which by y^ death of the Governour is 
devolved by his Ma^^ on us his Council upon the place ) to 
informe us of your arrival on the Coast of Accadie, and that 
the King your Master has honour'd you with the Command 
thereof, therein also expressing the good sentiments you 
have of entertaining a friendly and neighborly correspond- 
ence with this Government ; We assure you of the like on 
our part in all things not inconsistent with the Interests of 
the King our Soveraign Lord and Master & shall studiously 
avoid all occasions to the contrary. 

St We approve your generosity in proposing to find out a 
way to restrain the rapines inhumane and barbarous crueltys 
practised by the bloody Salvages in time of War towards the 
people of Your Nation and ours, and shall be ready to agree 
with you in concerting of such methods as may be effectual 
to that end. 

We also take notice of your other Proposal for a Suspen- 
sion of Armes within these Territories if it happen that War 
be declared betwixt the two Crowns until we shall have re]> 
resented the same unto our King, & have received his Orders 
on that Subject, which you assure us till then shall be held 
firm on your side if we so agree, and to have the same rati- 
fied by the King your Master. 

Concerning which : Being by late Intelligences from Eng- 
land given to Understand the peace do's continue and no 
Declaration is made of War, and being in daily expectation 
of the arrival of a General to be sent us by our King, and 
know not what Instructions he may bring ; we cannot at 
present take any resolutions in that affair; But whilst on 
your side, all acts of hostility shall be forboni, we shall not 



104 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

be forward to be the Aggressors, or to enterprize any thing 
to interrupt our mutual quiet and repose. 
S^ As to the orders you intimate in yours to have received 
to hinder, conf ormeable to the Treaty of Ryswick, all English 
Vessels from coming to fish in sight of the Lands of Accadie ; 
We must observe to you, that such orders are so far from 
being conformeable to the Treaty of Ryswick as that they are 
directly contrary to the V*^ Articles of the s^' Treaty it hav- 
ing been the accustomed indubitable right and priviledge of 
the Enghsh to fish in the high Seas on that Coast for time 
out of mind. 

We trust and expect you will not suffer any obstruction 
to be given to our Fishing Vessels in that their lawful 
Imploy w^hereof we shall have a just resentment, and esteem 
it not only a breach on your part of that good Neighbourhood 
which you profess to maintain but also to be contrary to Jus- 
tice ; Whereas we shall on our side contribute all that is nec- 
essary, not derogatory to the honour and Interests of the 
King our Master to preserve intire a good understanding 
betwixt your selfe & us, Praying you to beheve that we are 

S^ Your most humble Servants 
Boston August 22. 1701 By command of y** Council 

Is^ Addmgton Secry. 
Superscribed To M! Brouillan 

Governour of Accadie at Port Royal 

Boston N England Feb: IT^*^ 1719. 
Sir, 

I hope my Letter that I wrote in Answer to Yours is 
long before this come safe to your hands. 

I send you now Inclosed an Answer to the Queries you 
transmitted to me by Order of the Lords of Trade and Plan- 
tations relating to the Province of the Massachusetts Bay 
w*"^ I desire you will lay before the Hon^^^ Board and that 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 105 

you will also acquaint them that I cannot get the Queries 
relating to New-Hampshire well answered untill I go to that 
Province which will not be till the latter end of April, by 
which time I believe the Map of the Province will be fin- 
ished. So that I shall be able to send the Queries answered 
with the Map of the Province of New Hampshire bj^ the first 
Ship that shall Sail in May. 

I desire also you will Acquaint their Lordships, that the 
73 Article of my Instructions runs as follows 

" And for as much as great Inconveniences may arise by 
" the liberty of printing within His Majestys said Province 
"you are to provide by all necessary Orders, that no Person 
" keep any Press for printing nor that any Book, Pamphlet 
" or other Matter whatsoever be printed without your espec- 
" ial leave and licence first obtained. These His Majestys 
Instructions have been notifyed to all the Printers, yet not- 
withstanding due Notice has been given Nathaniel Proone 
has not only printed a Book without Licence but has even 
ventured to print what I have absolutely forbiden. Upon 
which I Summoned the Council and Acquamted them with 
His Majestys Instructions, who told me they could not find 
out any method to Punish the Printer because there was no 
Law against it. I afterwards Applyed my self to the Kings 
Attorney General who advised me to Acquaint the Lords of 
Trade & Plantations with this breach of His Majestys Orders 
and to get further directions from them in this matter. 

I desire you will let me have a line in answer as soon as 
possible to assure me that this Letter came safe to you, I am 
Sir Your hum^^® Serv* 

Samll Shute 
To William Popple Esq^ 

End : ) Massachusetts 

Li from Coll Shute to y^ Secry, dated y" 17 Feh'-'J 1719/20 

with answer to Queries^ promising a map, ^ desiring advice 



106 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

upon a Case relatmg to his Instruction against Printing there, 
without his Licence. 



An Answer to the First Query Propos'd by the M* Hon^^^ the 

Lords of Trade ^c referring to the Province of the 

Massachusetts Bay. 

By the best Computation That I have been able as yet to 
make the English Inhabitants within the Province of the 
Massachusetts Bay may be reckoned at Ninety four thousand 
Souls - 

Whereof the Regular Militia as they have been returned 
to me by the Officers of the Several Regiments &c : Amount 
to Fifteen thousand Six hundred and Eleven Men - 

Besides which within the said Province there are of the 
Indian Natives who are Civilized, and make some profession 
of the Christian Rehgion, and dwell in several parts of the 
Province in perfect friendship with the English Improving 
their own Lands &c to the Number of twelve hundred ; 
Including Men Women and Children - 

With respect to Slaves either Negros or Indians ( but most 
Negros ) they may be computed at about two Thousand ~ 

Within this three years last past there have come from 
Ireland a Considerable Number of Famillys & Persons to set- 
tle the Eastern parts of the Province, & Else where to the 
Number probably of five or Six hundred Men Women and 
Children ~ 

As for white Servants Imported and Sold in this Province 
in the year 1717. there was entered at the Impost Office the 
Number of One hundred and Twenty Six Viz* 113 Males & 
13 Females, the most of them from London Dublin & Belfast 
in Ireland, and the Island of Jersey ; of Negro Slaves fifty 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



107 



three Imported the Same year Viz! 37 males 16 Females a 
particular Account whereof is Annexed ; No great difference 
for seven years last past. 

Servants Imported from June 29*^^ 1717 to June 29*'^ 1718. 
as reported in the Impost Olfice Boston 



In what month 


from whence 


males 


Females 


1717 July 


Antigua 
London 


1 
15 




August 


South hampton 
Dublm 


4 
14 






Leverpole 
London 


2 


1 


September 


Dartmouth 
France 


26 
5 


4 




Belfast 


9 






London 


2 




October 


Glasgow 


1 




November 


Newfoundland 




1 




Bristol 


2 


3 




London 


1 




December 


Glasgow 
London 


4 

1 




January none 
February none 
March 
1718 April 


Connecticut 

Topsham 

Ditto 


1 

2 
3 






London 







June 


Jarsey 
London 


19 
1 


2 




113 


13 



Negroes Imported in said year 
of which Several Exported 



37 



16 



108 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

At the Enterance of the Harbour of the Town of Boston 
there is Castle William, a regular Fortification and in good 
Condition Eighty great Guns Mounted a Captain with other 
Officers and a Company of thirty Men. There are also in the 
Town two small Batterys, but of no use, wholly out of repair. 

At Salem and Marblehead there are two small Forts both 
gone to ruine and not supported in a time of Peace. 

In the County of York. There's a small stone Fort at 
Brunswick with fifteen men and an Officer a pretty good 
defence against the Indians. 

At Winter harbour, a small Fort in a poor condition with 
ten Men and an Officer. 
To the 2^ Q 

In the Neighbourhood of this Province to the North East 
or towards Nova Scotia there are two Tribes of Indians one 
of them known by the name of the Kennibeck Indians One 
hundred fighting men who live chiefly at a place called 
Neridgiawack within a Sort of Fort made of Wood and 
where, is a small Chappel and a Jesuit. There are two or 
three other small Settlements of Indians that may make out 
in all fifty fighting men at Pennicook Amarascogin and Peg- 
woket. One other Tribe called the Penobscot Indians lying 
up the River of that name One hundred and fifty fighting 
Men, both Tribes too much inclined to the French Interest 
thro the Influence of the Jesuits who have allways one among 
them, and during the late Warrs between England and France 
they have been bloody Enemys to the English ; At present 
they are pretty Quiet ; but there is no depending on them - 

To the Westward near Albany there are several Nations 
or great Tribes of Indians that are in Alliance and Friend- 
ship with the English Government of New Yorke, but are so 
far distant, that we have Scarse any thing to do with them ~ 

Northwest and towards Canada there are some Tribes of 
Indians, but their Situation is so near the French Settlements 



OF THE STATE OF IVIAINE 109 

that we call them the French Indians and they are perfectly 
under their Governm*? and at three or four hundred Miles 
distance from us ; their Numbers not very great ~ 
To the 3^ Q. 

At Canada the French have Considerable Settlements, the 
principal are Quebec & Monreal ~ 

Quebec is not very populous, but well Fortifyed, There 
lives the Governour, the Intendant and a Bishop and there 
are some Religious Houses. The City and the Governours 
House have several Batterys and Platforms of great Guns- 
To Quebec the Ships from France goe once a year Viz* in 
the Summer, and carry Merchandize from France for the 
Tradmg part, pay, and Supply for the Soldiers ; There may 
be about two hundred Soldiers at Quebec, the Countrey 
thereabout not much Peopled ; Upon the Isle of Orleans a 
little below the City are good Farmers that raise good Wheat 
and Beef. Up the River two hundred Miles near Southwest 
is Monreal, an Island, a pretty Strong place, There lives the 
Liev* Governour and two Companys ; near Mon real live 
also the French Indians & thither they resort for the most 
part, from thence they Trade and Correspond with Albany 
and the Indian Nations thereabouts from Mon real the French 
also carry on their Trade to Missasippe. There is also a 
small Settlement of the French at Trois Rivieres & at 
Chamblay still nearer to Albany but not very considerable ~ 

From Canada it is That in a time of Warr between Eng- 
land and France, the French Influence and Actually Imploy 
their Indians to Annoy and Destroy the English Settlements 
both of this Province and the Colony of Connecticut and 
some times the Province of New York. This Province have 
had two fair Towns destroyed in two j^ears Successively in 
the last Warr by a party of two hundred Indians headed by 
French Officers from Canada And it is diflicult, considering 
the Vastness of the Frontiers to know how to prevent such 



110 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Incursions in a time of War, unless the two Crowns should 
Agree never to Imploy the Indians on either side against 
each other even in Case of a Warr _ 

As to Cape Breton, 
The Province of Nova Scotia lyes between us and the French 
Settlement there, and without doubt Governour Phillips will 
transmitt your Lordships a particular Account of the Cir- 
cumstances of the French there ; they have yet no regular 
Fortification in that place. But in Case of a War between 
the two Crowns the French would certainly be very trouble- 
some to all the English Plantations in North America. It is 
generally thought that it might be of Service to His Majesty 
and a Security of the Trade of his Subjects if there were a 
small Fort built at the Isle of Canso which is near Cape 
Breton, and so another between that & Annapolis Royal. 
But of these things the Governour of that Province will be 
the best Judge. 

It hath been of the last Mischief to His Majestys Govern- 
ment and People of these Countreys to suffer the French 
Jesuits to reside among the Indians that are under the Eng- 
lish protection & particularly at Kennebec & Penobscut both 
which are within His Majestys Territory. This is what I 
have had the honour to represent once and again to your 
Lordships. 
To the 4th Q, 

The Trade of the Province has been of late years under 
great discouragements occasioned as is Judged by the most 
thinking People chiefly by want of Silver and Gold for a 
Medium of Trade in lieu whereof the Government have made 
and Issued out near Two hundred Thousand Pounds in Bills 
of Credit ~ 

The Fishery of this Province ( which indeed is the best 
and chief Article of their Trade ) is much increased since the 
Cession of Nova Scotia. As to the remaining part of this 



OF THE STATE OF IVIAINE 111 

Question I must beg leave to refer your Lordships to Gov- 
ernour Phillips those places being in his Government ~ 
To the 5^? Q 

To prevent illegal Trade I do my utmost Indeavours to 
put the Laws now in force relating to the Trade of the 
Plantations in Execution ; and also take all Imaginable care 
that the Kings Officers may be protected in doing their 
Duty- And I am also of Opinion farther to prevent illegal 
Trade If two fishing Shallops were Imployed, under the 
Inspection of the Surveyor General or Principal Officer in 
each Port (the charge of building which would be about 
Three hundred pounds Sterling) to be Manned & Victualled 
by the Station Ship as there may be Occasion and a Custom 
House Officer on board, would be of great Service. But if 
this is not thought practicable the Appointing more Waiters 
in each Port as four at least in this Port ( whereas there is 
but two ) which I believe might answer the End and very 
much prevent the running of Counterband Goods , 
To the 6''' Q 

According to the best Inquiry & Information I find belong- 
ing to the Massachusetts Province and mostly bnilt in it 
nearest One hundred and Ninety Sail of Ships and other 
Vessels being in all nearest Eight Thousand Tunns and 
Navigated with about Eleven hundred Men. Besides about 
One hundred and fifty Boats with Six hundred Men employed 
in the Fishery 
To the 7^? Q 

As to Manufactures, the Inhabitants in some parts of the 
Province work up their own Wool and Flax and make an 
Ordinary course Cloath for their own use without exporting 
any. But the greatest part both of Woolen and Linnen 
Cloathing that is wore in the Province is Imported from 
Great Britain, and some times Linnen from Ireland ; and 
considering the Excessive price of labour the Merch^ can 



112 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

afford what is Imported Cheaper than what is made in the 
Country-There are also a few Hatters set up their Trade in 
the Maritime Towns -And the greatest part of the Leather 
used in the Country is Manufactured among themselves ~ 

There has been for many years some Iron works in the 
Province that have afforded the People Iron for some of their 
necessary Occasions : But the Iron Imported from Great 
Britain is Esteemed much the best, and the Shipping wholly 
use that which is Imported. And besides the Iron works of 
the Province are not able to Supply as to the Common use 
the twentyth part of what is wanted ~ 
To the 8^? Q 

Upon the best Computation I find it to be nearest Two 
hundred and twenty Thousand pounds this Country Currency 
which is about One hundred Thousand Pounds Sterling 
according to the present course of Exchange between Great 
Britain and this Place - 
To the 9^^ Q 

The Trade of this Province is principally to Europe by 
Codd Fish to Spain Portugall and the Mediterranean the 
produce whereof is remitted chiefly to Great Britain either 
g bills of Exch* or Gold - 

Great part of the Trade of this place is directly to Great 
Britain by Whale Oyle, Finns, Furrs, Turpetine and other 
Naval Stores - Trade from hence to any Foreign Plantations 
is Inconsiderable, except that to a Dutch Plantation called 
Suraname which is carried on mostly by exporting small wild 
Horses not fit for Service here, nor Saleable in our English 
Plantations, for which is brought back in return chiefly, 
Molasses, In which Trade may be employed twelve or fifteen 
small Vessels ~ As to the Trade we have with Barbados 
Antego &c?^ the Account of the Export and Import which I 
remitt yearly will make that Trade appear in it's proper 
light ~ 



OF THE STATE OF ISLAESfE 113 

To the 10* Q. 

The French Plantations in our Neighbourhood are the 
Country of Canada and the late Settlement at Cape Breton - 

Canada is a vast Tract of Land lying on each side the great 
River of the same name, begining at the Mouth of S* Law- 
rence extending up to Quebec from thence to Monreal, from 
thence up to the great Lakes and so to Messasippi River as 
the French pretend in all which vast Country they have not 
above 1500 Effective Men and about 6000 Souls-They have 
Thirty Comp''^ as they affect to reckon, but I'm very credibly 
Informed they dont make 12 Men one Company with 
Another-The Government of the Country is like other 
French Governments Despotick & mostly Military M^ Vaud- 
rovil the Governour has the Character of a very good Offi- 
cer ~ They have also an Intendant General who manages the 
Civil Affairs and is a Sort of Check upon the Governour - 

Quebec is the principal Town in Canada a handsome well 
Fortifyed Town but small, but I have said something of that 
City already under a former Query- Their next best Settle- 
ment is Monreal of this also I have spoken before. There 
lives the Governour Maj"^ Ramsey a Scotchman. The Trade 
of Canada consists chiefly of Beaver & some other Furrs 
which is managed by a Comp* who are Supplyed by the 
Indians and French Hunters as far almost as Messasippi 
River and some even from Hudsons Bay : tho' by what I 
can learn there are but few Indians in those parts it bemg a 
Desart Cold Country. The value of the Furrs Exported 
from thence to France annually may be computed at Sixty 
Thousand Pounds Sterling ; They also Export to the French 
West Indies some Flower Pease and Lumber to the value of 
about Twenty Thousand pounds Sterling annually. If the 
Furr Trade of Canada should fail the Country would be but 
of little worth for it does not afford English Grass, Cattle, 
Corn equal to other Countrys that lye more Southward and 



114 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

hardly any fruit at all The Navigation up that river is very 
Inconsiderable Except once a year when the Ships comes to 
Quebec-As to Cape Briton of w^.^ place I have also spoake 
before, to which I have nothing to add, but that the French 
have there a very considerable Fishery for these two or three 
last years having in the Season from Sixty to Eighty sail of 
Ships besides small Craft loading with Fish &c* 



Sir 

I Received your letter of the 6*^ Ins* inclosing among 
other Acts Passed in His Majesties Province of Massachusets 
Bay, in May 1718, An Act for Granting unto His Maj*y sev- 
eral Rates & Duties of Impost and Tannage of Shipping on 
which Act the Lords Comm"" of Trade & Plantacons desire 
the Opinion of the Commissioners of the Customs - And hav- 
ing laid the same before them, they have made the inclosed 
Observations thereon which they direct me to transmitt you 
and to returne you the Acts above mention'd, be laid before 
their Lordships 

I am Sir 

Your most humble Serv* 
Custom h : London 

14 March 1719 Cha Carkesse 

W?^ Popple Esq. 



Observations on the Act for granti7ig to His Maj^V several Rates 

^ Duties of Impost ^ Tunnage of Shipping made at 

Massachusets Bay in Neiv England. 

By the act of Trade 15 C. 2. no Goods can be Imported 
into any of the Plantations but from Great Britain, ( salt for 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 115 

the Fisheries, Madera & Azores Wmes Servants horses & 
provisions from Ireland excepted: And also except Irish 
Linnen from Ireland g act 3 & 4 Annae) and tho Madera's 
& Azores Wines &c. may be carried into the Plantations from 
other places m Europe than Great Britain yet it must be in 
British Shipping duly navigated, Wheras this Act seems to 
allow their being Imported into New England in any shipping 
there being no words to restrain such Importation to be in 
ships allow'd by law to Trade thither. 

This Act which lays a Duty on Wines not Madera or 
Azores Imported from the place of their Growth is contrary 
to the Act of Trade 15. Car. 2, if they be not imported from 
Great Britain and likewise all other goods ( except as afore- 
said ) not Imported from Great Britain is contrary to the said 
act. 

This Act lays a double Duty on all Goods Imported from 
any other Ports than the places of their Growth or produce 
which will be a prejudice to the Trade of Britain & the other 
English Plantations. 

This Act seems to give liberty to all persons who have 
Goods consigned to them to make Entrys &c which may give 
liberty to Aliens or persons not made free Denizens to Trade 
as Merch*? or Factors which is contrary to the Act of Nava- 
gation 12. Car. 2. 

By this Act the Ship, with her Tackle apparel and Furni- 
ture, is liable to answer such Penalties & Forfeitures as the 
Master shall incur by not observing the Directions of that 
Act. Which seems to be very unreasonable and a great 
hardship on British Owners and other Plantation Owners of 
Shipping to forfeit their Ships, through the Default or Neg- 
lect of the Master, by a law made in the Plantations, 

The Duty laid on all Shipping, except as in that Section is 
particularly mention'd, seems to be an unreasonable law and 



116 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

a great hardship on British Owners and other Plantation 
Owners of Shipping. 

Signed by Order of the Comm" 
Custom ho : London Cha Carkesse Scy 

14 March 1718 

End : Massachusetts 

LZ from M: Carkesse of y^ 14*'} March 1718, ivith the obser- 
vations of the Gomm^^ of the Customs upon An Act of y^ Mas- 
sachusets Bay, passed in 1718, for granting to his Ma*¥ several 
Mates ^ Duties of Impost ^ Tunnage ^c 

Reced :?^*? March 1718/19 Read 17*'} Do. 

End : Massachusets=Bay 

Copy of aji Order of Council, dated the 26*'} May, 1719, Sig- 
nifying y^ Lords Justices Disallowance of an Act for Granting 
several Rates ^ Duties of Impost <f* Tonnage of Shipping: <^ 
that MZ Secretary Craggs give y^ GrovZ of y^ Massachusets-Bay, 
a severe Reprimand for Consenting to y*^ Passing an Act so con- 
trary to his Instructs 

Reel' June 30*" \ ^^^^ 
Read July y^ 31 \ 



At the Councill ChambT Whitehall 
The 26tb of May 1719 
Present 
Their Excellencys the Lords Justices Councill 
Upon reading this day at the Board a Representation from 
the Lords Commiss" of trade & plantations dated the 24*^ of 
Aprill last in the words following viz* 

" Memo*^ Here was inserted the said Represen*'' at length, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 117 

"relating to the Massachusets Act, past in May 1718, 
"Entituled An Act for granting unto His Ma*^ severall 
" Rates & Dutys of Impost Tonnage of Shipping. 
Which Report being taken into Consideration Their Excel- 
lencys the Lords Justices in Coimcill, were pleased to 
Declare their Disallowance and Disapprobation of the said 
Act, and were further pleased to order as it is hereby 
Ordered, That the Right Hono^^*^ James Craggs Esq^ His 
Maj*? Princip' Secretary of State, do write to the Governor 
of the said Province of Massachusets Bay in conformity to 
the said Report, and give him a severe Reprimand for con- 
senting to the passing an Act so contrary to his Instructions 
and to the Laws & Interest of England. 

A true Copy 
Edward Southwell. 



Queries to Qo\ Shute Gov'^. of the Massachusetts Bay in 
N=England. 

No 1 — We desire you to Inform us, what Number of Inhab- 
itants there is at present in the Province of the Massachu- 
setts Bay, mider your Government? distinguishing the 
Number of Frenchmen, Women and Children, and of ser- 
vants white and black ; how they are Increased of late 
years; and what number of Servants, Men and Women 
have been Imported of late and from whence ? what Forts 
or places of strength are there ? and in what Condition are 
those Forts ? 

2 What is the Strength of the several Nations of Indians 
in your Neighbourhood ? and are their Inclinations for us, 
or for the French ? 

3 What is the condition of the French Settlem*? at Canada 
and (Jape lireton? and how may they affect any of his 



118 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Majestys Plantations and what can be done to prevent any 
hazard or inconvenience from those Settlements ? 

4 How and in what particulars is the Trade of the Province 
increased or decreased of late years and what has been the 
reason of such Increase or decrease? and what Changes 
has been observed in the Fisher's since the Conquest or 
Cession of Nova Scotia to the Crown of Great Britain, 
and what Scattered Settlements are there either of French 
or English along that Coast without the Bay of Fundy ? 

6 What are the present Methods used to prevent illegal 
Trade ? and what farther Methods do you thmk advisable 
for that purpose ? 

6 What Number of Ships or other Vessels are there belong- 
ino- to the Massachusetts, where built ? and what number 
of Sea faring men ? 

7 What Manufactures are settled in the said Province of 
any sort whatsoever? what Mines are there? and what 
Improvements made in the working of them? 

8 What is reckoned to be the Annual produce one year 
with another of the Several Commodities in the Massach- 
usetts ? 

9 What Trade has that Province with any Foreign Planta- 
tions or any part of Europe besides Great Britain ? how is 
that Trade carried on ? what commodities do they send to 
or receive from such Plantations, or any forreign Nation 
in Europe ? 

10 We further desire that you would send us the best Accounts 
you possibly can get concerning the French Plantations in 
your neighbourhood ; what is the Nimiber of the Inhabi- 
tants, and of the Militia, or what other MiHtary Force is, 
in each of those Plantations ? what are the several Com- 
modities produced in them ? and how much is the Annual 
produce one year with another of such Commodities? 
what Trade is carried on to and from these Plantations ? 



OF THE STATE OF IVLAJNE 119 

what form of Government is Established in them, and 
what Methods are used to encourage and Improve the 
products and the Trade thereof 

By their Lordp? Command 
Whitehall June 4^^ 1719 W"^ Popple 

End : Afassachusets 

Answer to Several Queries relatiny to the State of the Prov- 
ince of the Massachusetts Bay. 

referred to in Col". Shutes letter to the Sec'-y Dated 17^'' 
Feb : 1719/20 Reced d? 



Boston June 26'" 1719 

I beg leave to Acqu* their Lordships that 5 years since I 
Obtained Execution against one Elisha Davis of Haverhill in 
the County of Essex Planter for Destroying one pme tree 
marked w*? the broad Arrow which would have made a mast 
of 32 : mches diameter, the Execution was laid on his Estate, 
w*'? he had made over before hand to avoid the Law, then he 
was Imprisoned, but he broak Goal Just as I departed for 
England, 

The Lawyers say I cannot proceute now being out, I lay 
that Judgment not being Satisfied I can, they are like wise of 
Oppinion that a Subject cannot be in one writt with the 
Queen, or King it being in the Late Queens reign, the Act of 
Parliament gives one moiety to the King his heirs and Suc- 
cessors the other to the Informer that shall Sue for the same, 
the Lawyers are at a loss how to draw the writt or lay the 
action, the Execution orders the forfeiture to be paid to me, 
nor could it be other ways here being no other Officer but 
my self, So that the pi'operty of y" Execution cannot be 



120 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

altred, and if I recover the forfeiture I must be Accountable 
and will give Notice thereof accordingly. 

I have another Execution agamst John Sincler, and Jere- 
miah Bean, both of Exeter m the Province of New Hamp- 
shire Planters for cutting down and destroying one mast tree 
of 28 : inches diameter which would have made a Bowl spritt 
this Execution was laid on their Land as the other above, 
these in my absence have re entered on the land and are now 
in Possesion the same Objections are made to this Likewise 
I humbly pray their Lordships directions and oppinion in this 
great affair, for should these Criminals go unpunished Instead 
of dettering others it would Incourage them, who Inchned to 
such vile practises, of this Sort there are great numbers 

I have vsed my vtmost Endeavours to bring these Offend- 
ers to y* obedience of the law tho they have proved Ineffect- 
ual. I have none to make my complamts or adresses to but 
their Lordships in behalf e of his Majesties Intrest : If those 
Offenders are made Publick Examples of, It will do his 
Majesties Intrest very Eminent Service m General. 

My prayer to their Lordships is, that they would be pleased 
to give theire order and directions to the Attorney General 
here to proceute those Offenders with the Severity of the Law, 
as well those in New Hampshire ( there being No Attorney 
Gen" as him in this Province, and a short time to the Gover"" 
to see it put In Execution, or other ways as their Lordships 
in their Great Wisdoms shall see most necessary for Obtain- 
ing the End hereby Intended. 

The Assembly here after more than a months sitting with 
great perswasion and arguments and dificultys were prevailed 
upon to droop the duty upon English goods Imported here. 
I offered and gave the Gover! the same Act that I got pass'd 
in New Hampshire relating to the preservation of the Tar 
Tree, but It was not minded but shall Endeavour for it the 
next Sessions 



OF THE STATE OF IVIAINE 121 

I am very well Informed here that the Agent offered my 
Post to M^ Coram, but he asked so much money that Coram 
refused, what M^ Burinston gave I cannot tell, but by his 
leter to me it appears very much like it for he says he was 
wholy a Stranger and Knows nothing of the Employ but is a 
perfect stranger to the Employ and Every thing belonging to 
it this he writes me, but what he gave for it I cannot tell, 
but the Agent made the most he could of it certainly, and now 
advisses him in the best manner he can, but the Agent missed 
his mark very much, for upon his knowing the Contents of 
the leter your Honour sent me from their Lordships or 
whether he Knew of the recomendation made to the Treasury 
in my favour I can't tell but he tells me what was done in 
his leter for me, upon this he kept the leter you gave for me, 
and goes forthwith to M^ Burinston acquaints him what was 
done in my favour, he Imediatly sends a Deputation to M^ 
Rob* Armstrong knowing that the sallary was precarious till 
he had a Deputy on the Spot, the Agent Keeping my leter 
till about the 15^^ of Aprill and then put it on board one 
Cap* Osburn who arrived the 8 June, by which managment 
M^ Armstrong had the Deputation before I had your leter. 

the Agent as he was the only person to Act this base and 
falce action, in the Infancie of it gave out that M^ Burinston 
was a man of very great Intrest with the King and might 
have had this Goverment if he could have acted by Depu- 
tation at another time he was a Germain Count, &c. from 
which I must degress, for had M^ Burinston been a person 
of common Intrest certainly he could have gott Instructions 
for his Deputy for the Agent must know better, I think, and 
to put in an Improper person at last lookes very far from a 
man of such Intrest, the Agent has screened him by his mak- 
ing him a great man and of such great Intrest, w*? the King 
that it has kept my friends from atempting to restore me so now 
he will droop him I suppose and since he could not procure 



122 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

any one for a deputy before lie will be at a very great loss to 
find a person now Knowing in the raising, and manufacturing 
of naval stores, Knowing in the Production of all those woods 
here, and knows the Country, the people, & the woods, and 
I hope he must pass his Examination as I did after 20 years 
Experience and have the approbation of the navy, the admir- 
alty, and their Lordships. I humbly hope it will be no 
Dificulty at this time for their Lordships to restore me, for 
M^ Burinston has no Intrest but the Agents ; and now he 
has got his money and keept him in so long he now must 
stand on his own Intrest, the Assembly here has not given 
the Agent any money, and are very angry with him and say 
they will have no more to do with him. 

I camiot omit giving your Hon'' an account of the Growth 
& Progress of the Woolen Manufacture in this Province In 
a great many sorts, as Cloths, Serges, Shaloons, Kerseys, all 
sorts of Stuffs allmost and some Linnen and there is scarce a 
Comitry man comes to town or wooman but are clothed w*^ 
their own Spining Every one Incourages the Growth and 
Manufacture of this Country and not one person but discour- 
ages the Trade from home, and says tis pitty any goods 
should be brought from England, they can live w^^out them 

There is one thing which very much helps In this most 
pernitious trade to Great Britain, and that is Cotton wool 
Imported here from the west Indies, which is mixed with 
wool & flax and they make both woolen and linnin there 
with. If it should be agreeable to their Lordships oppinions 
to prohibit the Export of any Cotton Wool from the West 
Indies Into this & Road Island Goverm*^ It would prevent 
near the halfe of the Woolen, and Linnin, that is wrought 
up in these two Goverm!^ 

There Is on an Island at this day called Nantucket about 
12 or 14 leagues from Cape Cod more than twenty thousand 
Sheep, and all that wool for want of the Officers looking 
after the proceuting the Act w*'}' makes or renders all wooU 



OF THE STATE OF IVIAINE 123 

watter bourn seizable, by which the wooll is brought Into 
this Goverm* and supplys all those parts with wooll which 
raises little It is the same case at Road Island w*^? breeds 
many thousand sheep, and upon an Island called Block 
Island about 5 leagues from thence many thousand more and 
In the Naraganset Country more yet. 

Here has been many years a Jealosie, of some March*^ 
Shippmg some of those woolls above mentioned for france, 
and I querey whether the Carieing of such wooll to france, 
be a greater Prejduce to the Manufacture of Great Britain, 
than for the People here to Spin and Cloath themselves with 
such wooll. 

If some care be not soon taken those people here will be 
able to live without Great Britain in a little time than there 
ability Joyned with their Inclinations will be of very 111 
Consequence, I cannot say here are any that have a duty full 
regard to England or promotes Its welfare th6 : It gave them 
breath. 

I Beg your HonT would be pleased to remmd theire 
LordP.^ of my being of the Council and the first of those now 
to be appointed If it be only for the Insewing whiter I am 
well assurd it will be a great advantage to his Majesties 
Intrest In Generall and by it the People will see his Majesties 
Supports his Oihcers for Defending his Just right and 
Intrest ; There is one of the Council that Died in May last 
Theodore Atkinson of New Castel. 

I have further Considered of the Setthng of Annapolis 
Royal and humbly propose for to Incourage or Introduce the 
Sowing and curing of hemp there, That the Tenure and hold- 
ing of the lands there should be, so many hundred weight of 
hemp according to the Quantity of Land Granted, and that 
all the french, that would Sware alegence to King George 
should be under the same Tenure this wold give life to the 
Sowing of Hemp, there being so much land proper for it, and 



124 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

none would refuse land on these conditions, others near the 
Woods should be Obliged to Deliver one or two Masts Anu- 
ally of such a Diameter at such a place as should be apointed, 
and if it could or should be proved upon them that they Cut 
any Mast tree without leave such person or persons should 
forfeite his or their Land so held or had from his Majestic. 

These Tenures one would Incourage Hemp, the other pre- 
serve the woods Infalible & to make it more firme the 
Informer should have j^, yi oi the Offenders land or how or 
else as It shall be order'd, that Cuts a mast tree w*^out any 
Diameter Sett or fixed, for all must be Saved Except Those 
Trees w'^'' he or they should have leave to Cutt for under a 
pretence of cutting such a Diameter they Cutt wliat they 
please as Is done here to his Majesties Irreparable Loss ; 

There are many persons now settled at Annapolis who 
have built houses and have Improved lands all ready theire 
Titles thereto caunott be good till a proved by such an 
authority and under such a seal as your Lordships or his 
Majestic shall appointe No Saw Mills to be built without 
leave from his Majestic or the person by him appointed to 
give leave who should be a good Judge of the Peace, and 
Concequencies that may attend such Leave 

Others if a Proper place for the product of Tarr should 
pay so many barrells of Tar anually or forfeite his Land, 
others Terpentine or according to what was most natural 
produced, as may be Easily seen upon a Survey of that place, 
the like may be Done at Menes and Sheconneto about ten or 
fivteen Leagues from Annapolis. 

If I shall be thought worth by their Lordships to Lay out 
this place I will do it with all Faithfulhiess, and the man of 
war might Carrie me and Assistants thither and back, w*^'' will 
save the Hire of a Sloop the Gover"^ to assiste with a guard, 
at all tunes when required the boats and other things must 
be had which may be had there I suppose, the spring and fall 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 125 

is the proper time to do this worke in, all which is most hum- 
bly submitted to their Lordships Great Wisdoms, by your 
HonP most obedient and most humble Servant 

J Bridger 
Boston July 9*? 1719./ 



In Council 
Voted 

That the Thanks of the General Assembly be given to 
Jn? Bridger Esq^ for his good Service in projecting & pro- 
moting two Acts for the Encouraging of Naval Stores 
withm this Province which so Immediately concerns His 
Majesties Intrest./ 
May 2^1 1719 Rich^ Waldron Cler Con 

Province N: Hamp^ May S^^ 1719/ 

The Above is a true Copy from the Council files 
compared g Rich'* Waldron Cler Con 

Exanmied g the Originall 
May 23^1 1719 g J Bridger 

End : NeW'^Etigland 

Two letters from MV Bridger late Surveyor of the Woods 
on the Continent of America to 3IV Popple, dated at Bos- 
ton, the ^GH' of June ^ 9^'} of July 1719. 



Boston July 9^" 1719/ 



S^ 



I have since my last Concidred the Setlment of Annapolis 
Royal, and have given their Lordshp* my thoughts how 
Naval Stores may be raised there, with some certainty ; to be 
added to, or Amend, as shall be thought most proper for his 
Majesties Intrest./ 



126 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

I pray your Hon''^ favour and Intrest w*** their Lordships, 
that I may be Employed in that Service, which I hope will 
be no hinderance to the preservation of the woods the most 
proper seasons being after the people are out of the woods 
In the Sprmg, or before they go in, in the fall./ 

M^ Armstrong who MT Burinston appointed his deputy 
has no Instructions to Act by therefore I shall not suffer him 
to act in that station, as to his being an Improper person I 
leave that to tlieir LordR^ determination, but had M^ Burins- 
ton been a person of such Intrest, as the agent first gave out, 
he could not have failed of having Instructions Granted him 
upon his application and tis my humble oppinion, that it is 
not dificult to restore me againe, his being in above a year 
and at last to appoint such a person under whose care the 
woods must have been Ruined. I made an Offer to him 
rather than to want I would serve for 150^ a year; but his 
neglecting that, and puting in such a person, and his taking 
no care to comply with his Commission, I hope will open a 
way for my being restored./ 

S^ Your Inestimable friendship to me lays me under the 
Deepest sence of gratitude which I in the most humblest 
manner shall forever own, praying for your long health and 
life, and the Continuance of your good Offices I am 
With the most Senciere and greatest regard 
YoT Hon^.^ Most Obedient serv* 

J. Bridger. 

I most humbly aske pardon for my long leters w'^? I could 
not avoid and hope they will be read 



Boston July 17*^ 1719 
S^ 

I had not troubled you with any more accounts of this 
nature, but the continued malice of M^ Cooke & now he is a 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 127 

representative labours with all his Envie, subtilty, and 
Intrest, to Delude his fellow members, and by vile artifices, 
has brought a great number over to his Oppinion, having 
lay'd a very long leter before the House of Representatives 
and a memorial Directed to the Spaker wherein he wholly 
Insists against the Intrest of the crown that being Chiefly 
aimed at and his Majestys Just rights & Perogative Invaded 
in the Province of Main & Denies all claime, right, or Power, 
of the King or his Officer, in and over the woods belonging 
to and bemg in the said Province, Notwithstanding y* 
charter reservations, and the Act of the 9*!' of the Late 
Queen, w^*^ act is according to the restrictions in said Charter, 
wherein the Province of Main is particularly Named/, The 
chief Strength of M^ Cookes Arguments, consists in this, 
That that Province was purchass'd and annexed to the Prov- 
ince of the Massachusetts in the year 1677. but I find this 
easy to answer, by Observing that his late Majesty King 
William of Glorious Memory in New Charter w°J^ he granted 
thought fitt to Incert abundance of considerable Limitations, 
and alterations, amongst w^*^ this is not the Least Material, 
And if the Province of Main be under y® Charter of the Mas- 
sachusetts, it must be liable to the Reservations, and restric- 
tions, of that Charter. What confirms me in this Oppinion 
is, that the Kings Right was never called in question till 
M^ Cooke ( that Incendiary ) with unparlleld Insolence, has 
Endeavoured, to poyson the Minds of his countreyraen, with 
his republican notions, in order to assert the Independency of 
New England, and Claime greater Privileges than ever were 
designed for it :/ I find by Mr Cooks long leter and Memo- 
rial he has not taken any Notice of my 2^ Memorial and on 
further Examination, find that the Govern never delivered it 
to any of the Council nor layed it before them nor the 
Assembly, which has very much surprised me, had that 
Memorial been laid as I design Cooke had been long since 



128 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Silenced, or been In a nother place ; but y' never, being laid 
Either before the Council nor Representatives, nor was I ever 
in place to make any other answer, Depending that I had 
Fully answered in s? Memorial ; & pray leave to Inclose a 
Copy of my 2^ Memorial for their Lordships reading and 
consideration, I am 

Your Hon'? Most obedient & most humble Serv* 

J Bridger 
S! 

I have some other affairs of Importance to Lay before 

their Lordships but the ships sayling now, I most ommit till 
the next Oppertunity 

End : To the Hon^l^ William Popple Esq". 

End : Letter from M^ Bridger, late Surveyor of the Woods on 
the Continent of America, to MX Popple, dated at Bos- 
ton the 17*^ of July 1719, with Copy of his Mem^ to 
Col° Shute, Gov^ of New Engl'^ concerning the Eight of 
the Crown of England to y^ Woods in y^ Province of 
Maine 
Rec^ Aug'^ 28*^ Bead jSepV 10 1719. 

E: New England 

Letter from MX Bridger Sui-veyor of the Woods in Amer- 
ica to the Secretary, Dated the 8^^ of April, 1720 
jB? June 17^^ Read Sept^T 5*^ 1721 1720 



Boston July 23 1719. 



S^ 



Since my last to yo" of y*' 17'^ Instant one James Smith, 
Judge Advocate here was suspended by the Gover'' about 3 
weeks since for what reason I know not, 

Smith by way of revenge upon the Gov^ with the assist- 
ance of some people here who has loaded him with Complaints 
against the Gover'^ upon many Occasions, is gone home 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 129 

M? Cooke not to be behind his neighbours, has scraped 
together all his old Complaints and afidavits procured b}^ him 
self when Clerk of the Superiour Court In the Province of 
Main last year, some 12 years since, some 8, some 6, some 4 
years agoe, some when I was not m the Country, all these 
against me : In order to Lay them before their Lordships and 
thereby render me Obnoxious to their Lord''^ and unfitt ever 
to serve the King againe as Cooke setts forth to the Assembly. 

I pray you to Observe to their Lord^^^ that what ever 
papers Cooke has sent g Smith pretending to have been done 
by the Assembly is not true, but has prevailed on some of 
that people to signe something by way of Leter persuant to 
An Order from the Assembly, or by way of Memorial, or 
Remonstrance, & by the way of Committee against me which 
the Spaker nor none of the other Assembly men so much as 
knew of therefore never consented to much less signed. This 
James Smith is the person that would have been Surveyor of 
the woods. 

I most humbly pray leave hereby to give you some knowl- 
edge of this mans Designe w*^.^ is General, against all or any 
boody whereby he might obtaine something, and by the same 
see the Lible, and continued Malice of M^ Cooke not many 
days since asserted to the Cover" face in Council, that the 
Kmg has no Right Claime or title to any woods in the Prov- 
ince of Main, this I has from the Gover"^ 

I am Your Hon^ most Obliged and most humble Serv* 

J Bridger 

S^ I sent all the Affidavits last year to you, that I thought 
most material against myself 

Smith sayled on friday last in one Cap^ ( )sburne by whom I 
wrott you 

End : For his Majesty s Service 

To the Hon^^'' William Popple EsqK Secretay to the Right 



130 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Ho'nP^^ The Lords Commissioners for Trade ^ Plantations 
In Whitehall 

New England 
Letter from MX Bridger Bated 25*'} July 1719 relating to 
Ml Smith, the Judge Advocate, there, being suspended by the 
GovX tf his coming to England, to complain against the CrovX ^ 
iHfr Bridger ^ being assisted therein by M^ Cooke. 



A Memorial of the Governour Council and Assembly of 
Her MajH®' Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New Eng- 
land for their Vindication against the Suggestions and Insin- 
uation of Any who may accuse them of harshness and sever- 
ity towards such as are of different perswasions from us in 
matters of Religion 

It must alwaies be remembered That the Professed chief 
Design of the first Planters of this Country was Religion & 
the Gospellizing of the Wild Ignorant Indians Natives, to 
bring them to the knowledge and Obedience of the only True 
God & the Saviour of Mankmd, as is declared and set forth 
m the Royal Charter or Letters Patent Granted them by His 
Majesty King Charles the first. 

The Gentlemen the first undertakers in this Noble design 
were generally Persons of Education Piety figure Esteem & 
had plentifull Estates in the several Counties & places 
within the Kingdom of Great Brittam from whence they 
came; Yet chearfully parted from their Native Land & 
Enjoym*? ventured themselves with their Families & servants 
over the Ocean into a Wild Desolate Wilderness at so great 
Distance, to pursue & lay the foundation of that Glorious 
work; In which they laid out themselves & Estates, not 



OF THE STATE OF IMAINE 131 

murmuring or repining at the unaccountable hardships, dan- 
gers & difificulties they were necessitated to Undergo, as well 
thro the Intemperature of the climate as many other wayes 
for the subduing & cultivating of a rude Wilderness & to 
secure themselves from the Violence & Insults of the Bar- 
barous Natives ; To whose Spiritual & Eternal, as well as 
outward, good they had a special regard. 

They early and very soon, by order & direction of the 
Government disposed themselves into Vicinitys, not only for 
their better Security & regular carrying on their secular 
Affairs but more especially for divine Worship. And it was 
the pious care of the Governm* to make & Enact good and 
wholsome Statutes & Ordinances for the reformmg of Man- 
ners, & the Propogatmg of Rehgion & to see to the due 
Execution of them. And in Grants of Lands for New- 
Settle*? or Townships, A Proviso or condition is & has been 
inserted That the Grantees do procure & Support a Learned 
Orthodox Minister to dispence the Word of God to them. 

Upon these their just & pious Endeavours the Plantation 
Increased, Towns & Churches were orderly settled & by the 
Blessing of God it is become a province, not of the least 
name among Her Maj*!^® forreign Plantations : To the 
Enlargement of Her Ma*?* Empire, & Advantage to the 
Crown. 

Under the present Constitution by Letters Patent Granted 
by their late Maj*!^» King William & Queen Mary of Glori- 
ous Memory, The Governm* have taken alike care to Enact 
good & wholsome Laws for the Support of Ministers & 
Schools, and that no To^\ni or plantation should be unpro- 
vided & destitute thereof. As also for the suppressing of 
Vice prophaneness & Immoralities ; Which Laws have the 
Royal Approbation. And the Governm* have Enforced the 
Execution of them, by Issuing forth Proclamations from 
Time to time ; Therein CoinandiiTg all Justices & other 



132 DOCUMENT AH Y HISTORY 

Iiif^ Officers strictly to Observe & perform their respective 
Dutys in that regard ; & to make diligent inquiry & detect 
all such who shall presume to trangress the same, In Imita- 
tion of the most deservedly commendable Examples of Her 
Maj*y & Her Late Royal Predecessors by their R,03^al Procla- 
mations And in Countenancing Encouraging & promoting of 
Societys for the Reformation of Manners who by their Let- 
ters have recommended the same to be pursued here 

Whatever complaints may have been made of over much 
rigidness & Severity practiced by the former Governm* toward 
persons of different perswasions in matters of Religion, pertic- 
ularly those called Quakers. 

We go not about to plead their Justification in things 
wherein possibly an over warm zeal may have carried them 
too far. There is none in y® present Governm* that were 
concerned at that Time ; And it cannot be expected we 
should make that answer for them as they could have made 
for themselves : nor are those that go under the denomina- 
tion of Quakers now such as were then ; who were some of 
them open bold disturbers of y^ publick peace, & their Prin- 
cipals Notoriously known to be Heretical but are much 
refined both in Principals & Conversation. 

We strictly observe & yeild due Obedience to the Direc- 
tions in the Royal Charter to allow Liberty of Conscience in 
ye Worship of God to all Christians except Papists. Nor 
have we any Sanguinary or Pecuniary Laws against those 
who are of Diffirent perswasions from us in that matter. 

The Laws of this Province provide only against Irreligon 
& Prophaneness That the People are not brought up in 
Estrangment from God, and perish for want of Instruction ; 
But that the Publick Worship of God be upheld in the sev- 
eral Towns & Plantations That the Lords Day be duly 
observed & not openly prophaned by persons attending their 
Secular Imploym* Or, which is wose, by Revellings, Drink- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 133 

ing & other Debaucheries, which is too sadly true in some 
places, not far distant from us. 

And we justly fear that Infection has too much taken in 
some later settlem!^ begun in the remoter parts of this Prov- 
ince that have been destitute of the Ministry ; being planted 
by a mixt company many of them vain profligate persons, of 
disolute conversation who combine together to Obstruct & 
oppose the Endeavours of the better disposed part of y® 
Inhabitants for y^ Obtaining of a Learned Orthodox Godly 
Minister to come unto them. And out of a Sordid Spirit 
refuse to contribute to his Support, altho. Encouraged by 
Assistance from the Governm^ in their begining chosing 
rather to continue in Ignorance & Irreligion than to be at 
the lest Cost to have the meanes of knowledge & the preach- 
ing of the Gosple among them ; But reject it tho freely 
offered, To the just Scandal of the Indian Native Tribes who 
have their Settlem'^ near them, & their several Assemblys & 
Ministers who preach constantly to them ; and Shame such 
disolute English to y® last Degree, by their Sobriety & better 
manners. 

They are strengthened in this their Opposition in some 
places, by the Quakers tho but few in Number to the rest of 
the Inhabitants by their Aversion to Orthodox Ministers & 
labouring to Infuse their Wild delusions into them & the 
plea of Liberty of Conscience w^?* they make for themselves, 
but disclaim them as not of their Society ; Then manners 
are so openly Vile ; But if any time they come to their 
Meetings, tho only to Observe their Devotion ( for which 
they afterwards ridicule them ) & arrive to that Morosness 
as to deny the Courtesy of pulling off the Hat & shew an 
indecent unmanerlyness to their Superiours, then they Shelter 
tliemselves under the Umbrage of y® Quakers if tliey be 
demanded a penny for the Support of a good Minister ; Th6 
at the same Time the Quakers are Ashamed to own them. 



134 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

This Government have at no times imposed upon any in 
matters of Worship, but as is before said, allow Liberty of 
Conscience, as they are commanded yet account it their Duty 
to God to Her Majesty & the Souls of the People under 
their care, by proper and the most easy methods to see they 
be taught the knowledge of God & Jesus Christ; And to 
reclaim them from immoralities. Vice & Prophaneness. 
These are the Ends the Laws are pointed to, & to Constrain 
their Obedience and no further 
A true Copy as of Record Exammed 

e I Willard Secr^ 

Mnd : 3Iassachusets=Bay 

Sevei'ol Affidavits ^ other Papers [ X in 7iumher,'\ relat- 
ing to the Differe7ice between M^. Bridger, late Survey or- 
Genh of y^ Woods in North^ America ^ Iff Elisha Cooke, 
formerly one of y^ Council for that Province. 

Rec'^ with M'C Dumers Memorial 
Bee'! Feb'y 25^'' Read March SO*'' 1719-20 



The Litrest of the Crown is grown so very low, and the 
Prerogative trampled on to that degree. That no good officer, 
or a lover of his King and country can be Silent : but Duty 
and a Strict adherence to his most Sacred Majesty, Armes me 
with Due resentm^ to Lay it before their Lord?.^ in a true 
light and Nothing but fact shall be related. Therefore by 
their Lordsp? to heare it read. 

The Clause in the Charter of New 
England for the Preservation of the Woods Saves no trees 
but 24 in in Diameter and upward, all the young trees may 
be cut at the pleasure of the people and tis at their choice 
whether ever they let a tree grow to be 24 in Diameter or 
not, w''?* Clause is the Distruction rather than the reservation 



OF THE STATE OF JMAINE 135 

of the woods, there is an Act of Parliament and an Act of 
this Province that has the Same Clause in them, which must 
be repealed, for the Small trees being in Demand at home in 
Great Britain, the people cutts all these trees under 24 Inches 
Diamt^ and plead the act for it, and I am Obliged to be 
Silent, the large trees they cut at pleasure w'^out regard to 
Acts of Parliament the Royal Lycense or my Warrant, as I 
shall make appear hereafter. 

I shall say nothing of AK Cooke but 
what relates to his actions this winter, M^ Cooke having pur- 
chased two old grants for land that were granted by the Gov- 
ernment of New England In the years 1641: & 1671 Never 
taken up till now the first for 800 acres the other for 500 
acres of land, and to prove his assertion, that the King has 
no woods here, has laid out these two grants of 1300 acres of 
Land In the Province of Main, without all the Townships or 
town Bomids, in his Majestys woods as I allways thought & 
preserved as Such, but M^ Cooke bids Defiance to any Right 
or Title the King has to any woods. 

The Provmce of Main was a Distinct Goverment 40 years 
after the first of these grants and many after the last, I was 
upon this Spot of land last winter was 12 months that he has 
laid out & lie in the Best parcell of Pine trees I ever saw in 
this Country, Now if M^ Cooke is allowed in this action he 
has fully proved that his Majesty has no woods for all within 
the townsliips are the peoples, and if all without are as M^ 
Cooke says they are by Consent of the Goverment the King 
is Shoved out, there being none else. These old grants being 
of no value to the owners or possessors M^ Cooke purchasses 
them for a very Small Sum and has got them Confirmed, he 
has Sold a part of this 1300 acres for 300" this is to my 
Knowledge true having Read the Deed, Cooke gave a Gen- 
erall warrante to the purchasser : and why not an} other old 
grant or any new grant be laid out in the woods as well as 



136 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

M^ Cooke. Certainly if one can, all may : one of these 
grants was Consented to by CoV Dudley in 1710 but never 
laid out till now, the other was Consented to by the Present 
Goverment in No^ 1718 Since the woods was Denied to be 
the Kings, and Thus he has proved what he asserted I have 
Inclosed Copy of the original and Confirmed grants for their 
Lordships perusall. 

I have this winter Discovered a Sort of People that under 
pretence of Getting masts Destroyes more trees than any peo- 
ple, these men are Employed by the Agent of him that Con- 
tracts w*!^ the Navy one M^ John Taylor ; 8ber last his 
Agent M^ David Jefferies comes from Boston, to Contract 
for a great number of masts, he takes no Notice of the Royal 
License, Nor me, Employs 5 Setts of Men to get what Masts 
he pleased, and what Number, these people goes Into his 
Majestys woods ( as I think they are ) and to cutting down 
of mast trees, which I forbid to Cut one tree without leave 
according to the 'Act of Parliament & Royal Lycense Imedi- 
ately all these. Save 2 Setts, came to me for Leave which 
they had there 2 setts have been In the Kings woods, & have 
fell'd above a 150 trees notwithstanding I forbid them, before 
the Agents face & before the Leiv* Govern and to Several 
of their friends, and all the ways possible I could, but all in 
vaine for they at last Bid Defiance to me and laught at me. 

Thes setts of men, they say to a Country fellow do you 
get me Such a Tree and I will give you 4^' according as they 
agree More or less, and so to another and another &c^ away 
goes all these fellows, ranges where they please, under the 
Notion of Mast men as they call themselves, and Cutts these 
trees Into loggs and often Supplys their Neighbors with loggs 
till they have Cutt enough, or what they Want yet the Tree 
agree'd for is not minded nor are they Seldom or never gott, 
this is the practise I am very Sure of it. 

on the 6^^ of the last month I apply d to the Leiv' GoverT 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 137 

here for a guard of horse \y^}* he Imediatly granted, and on 
the 9*? with the Sherife havmg the Gov'"? Warrant, psuant 
to a Warrant before obtained from the Lords of the Admir- 
alty, I went into the Country and Seized Sixteen of the Trees 
Cut in his Majestys woods, for his Majestys Service, but the 
ow7iers told me publickly they would Hew there the next 
week, I have given the Ace* to the Lords of the Admiralty 
and hope they will not release the Seizure, for it will be to 
the great Damage of his Majesty, it being made so Publickly 
That all Expects the Issue, if released no bounds or laws will 
reclame the people for the future. The offenders Names are 
Timothy, and Paul Gerrish, and Thomas Hanson, all of this 
Province of New Hampshire and Men of Estates I could have 
Seized more, but would not fearmg it might have hindred 
the Loading of the mast Ships Expected this Spring w'^}^ these 
will not, these very men have Cutt 12 large trees on tliat land 
Cooke has sold, but they Dare me to it, and Say I Durst not 
Seize one of them trees, nor shall I without order, for every 
one is upon me and against me, and that the King has no 
woods here which puts me upon my gard in this respect. I 
have Liclosed a bill for the prevention of all those Eviles if 
it meet w'? their Lordships Approbation will Entierly Secure 
all the woods, and make it possible for the ofiicer to do his 
Duty w<^.** now tis not, 

The first paragraph in the Bill is that all the woods with- 
out the Townships are to be reserved as his Majestys, and to 
Support this, I humbly answer. That it is of absolute neces- 
sity his majesty has Some woods, to Supply the Navy with 
Masts &c^ if this be granted I then say 

That all the woods without the Townships are not a Par- 
ticular, or any properity, if So the King takes no right from 
any man only Secures the woods to him self. So no body is 
damaged thereby, and In case there Should be a Necessity, 
for laying out a New Town for the Benefit or good of his 



138 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Majestys Subjects, there is a Clause in the Bill, That the 
GoverV or Leiv* GovernV with the Surveyor of the woods, 
to lay out a proper place in these woods to be reserved ; why 
the Gov^ or Leiv* Gov^ with the Survey^ should lay out 
this place is, That as tis the Frorogative of the Crown 
his Majestys Officers are the properst for that Service, but 
let that be put in whose power it will, tis no great concern 
So the woods therein be preserved to the use of y® Crown 
There are no woods Else can be preserved, for all within the 
Town bounds are the peoples, and all w*?out too M^ Cooke 
Says, but that I submit to their Lordships, I hope I have 
hereby given Sufficient reasons, that these outwoods may be 
his Majestys 

This forbiding to Cut a Pine tree, is like the forbidden 
Tree, tho the Tast was Death, that did not deter it, but all 
thereby was lost. 

There is ui this case but one Tree reserved, yett these peo- 
ple will Cutt, tho they loose their all, their Idol the Charter ; 
for no mens actions will ever Submit, while the apprehension 
rebel, and those Disturbers of Government, have always laid 
their first Train in Contempt, and endeavouring to blow it 
up m the judgements and Esteem of their fellow Subjects, 
Contempt of his Majestys Authority, like the Planet of 
Saturn, has first an 111 aspect, and then a Destroying Influ- 
ence how Studiously has these people layd about them ever 
Since, In the Assembly and in all their publick meettings, to 
Cast a Slur upon the Kings rights and Title, and to bring 
under a Disrepute the Prorogative amongst the Country peo- 
ple, the pyson is spread thro the whole, to his Majestys great 
and never to be recovered loss unless the bill recovers it. 

There are many other ways by wliich His Majestys woods 
are Destroyed, and will be in spight of fate, as long as there 
is but one person to Secure so vast a District, against 40000 
men scatered thro the whole and tis in any of their Powers 



OF THE STATE OF MAIJSE 139 

to goe and Cut Down what tree they please it is as Impossi- 
ble for one Ofticer to Secure all these places, as tis for him 
to be at them all the same Moment of Time, besides the New 
Settlements making Every where no less than three In this 
Province. In the province of main tis all going to be Setled, 
if this be rightly Considered, they will be of my Opphiion. 
This affair being of the first consequence, as it is either Sup- 
ported or Neglected, that can befall a Kmgdom, Whose 
Safty, Whose Strength, Whose wealth, and Whose Glory, 
Depends on Naval Power, and have Dommions of its own, 
( which were they made more Dependant ) could Supply, 
and Support, this Naval power forever, this is a happines no 
nation else can boast of. 

These may make Great Britain, and his most Sacred, and 
most Sereen Majesty King George a noun Substantive, and 
not Depend upon any Nation under heaven for Naval Equip- 
ments, I am well assured the Bill will Entierly save all the 
woods if passed as tis drawn, that is to the same purport, 
and tho I am never restored I have done the Duty faithfully 
2 years the 19**^ June 

The paragraph in the Bill wh. Obliges the Person, that 
Employs the Labouror, to pay 6/8 ps every Sound Tree ; is 
for the reasons following it will first, bring the people to 
acknowledge that they are his Majestys woods which now 
they do not. The Surveyor will then know how many trees 
are cut and by whom, it will give a great Cheque to the 
Employers of these Labourers being under oath and let the 
Contractors agent know that the woods are under the Direc- 
tion and Protection of the Survey"; and not for him to 
Employ Men before hand and at his pleasure, which has been 
practiced without the knowledge of the Surveyor and greatly 
to his Majestys Damage, by Cutting what he pleased to 
order without taking any Notice of the Royal Lycence or 
Acts of Parliament, for these reasons I hope that paragraph 



140 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

may stand, which is all I need answer for the rest carrys 
their own reasons in them I hope. 

Thus I have playd the Misser who never Discovers the 
hidden treasure till near Death. 

I have herem, and Inclosed all my Experience all my 
Judgment and Contrivance resulting from thence, for the 
good and Support of his Majestys Intrest here, under the 
Strictest Duty, as a Servant, and a Subject, and in the most 
obedientest manner to their Lordships, and In these have 
made known all my Treasure which for 23 years I have been 
Colecting in this Country, the Difference is the hiden treas- 
ure could not Continue life, Th6 the Lords of the Treasury 
Can Contmue their faithful Serv^ and tho it can be true that 
I have out lived his Majestys Intrest here I humbly hope I 
have not out lived their Lordships favours nor forfeited their 
good oppinions. 

Humbly begging their Lordships to represent my hard 
Case to the Lords of the Treasury for an alowance or my 
Salary, No person appearing to Superceed me. 

There is yet another sort of People called Loggers which 
live every where and go where they please, these are the 
Common Enemies to all and Does great Damage to the 
Woods, they have now a Tacit Leave to go into the Woods 
upon, the notions that they may Cut any Tree that is not 
marked, w*''' this bill Intirely cutts them off. Nor is the mark- 
ing any Tree of any regard, for an Ignorant man will fall 
that tree soonest, for says he tis good for the tree is marked 
and Down that tree goes a Crafty man when he sees a Tree 
marked, he Imediately Cutts out the marke and Tree Down 
& Into loggs and so tis of all, for tis only an Amusem* and 
a Deceipt Instead of a gard, for no man Carrys a Witness 
with him when on Such vile actins, and tis as impossible to 
marke all the good trees, as tis to Count them all. 

What is related being Truth their Lordships will see the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 141 

true State of his Majestys Intrest, and if no more officers or 
Deputys be allowed, nor more power given to the officer I can't 
pretend to Secure the woods as they ought to be, much more 
a Stranger, for he will Not be Able to Do any thing till by 
his own Knowledge, and Traviling he learns his Duty, for 
these people will keep him Ignorant most Certainly, and tis 
hard to learn, where all will obstruct, there are many other 
things I would have laid before their Lordships, but must 
heartiely begg their Pardon for this long Narration, and 
pray the Continuance of your honours good offices in my 
behalf for m}^ Case is very Severe w*'? I beg may be Consid- 
ered to my reliefe for I cannot Subject my self, and Expect 
to be Troubled for the Money that has Supported and feed 
me. 

Some reasons why 60^' is put In lieu of 100 in the Bill 
answer. 

That a hundred pounds Sterling keept their Neighbours 
from Informing against them knowing it would ruine them 
if they should Informe, now the Sum is less, they will 
Informe and the people will be able to pay that when they 
could not pay a 100'^ Sterl' but if it be not agreeable I hum- 
bly Submitt it. 

And as to the Woods, there was never any other woods 
but those without the Townships, ever thought to be his 
Majestys, nor has there been any other preserved So that I 
humbly hope it will not meett with any Dificulty in the pass- 
ing, by reason twill Secure them better than ever before ; 
and without it, will every day be worse for the People are 
grown so Numerous and so bold that nothing but an Act of 
Parliament well Executed upon offenders will be able to 
restraine the T^iberty they take. 

I have only to add my most humble Duty to their Lord''* 
Praying the Continuance of the favours by representing that 
I have Done the Duty two years the 1 9"^? of June next with- 



142 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



out any vSalary, and Whereas there has not any Person yet 
appeared to superceed me here, I am as much Surv! as ever, 
there bemg no other Commission but mine In America & if 
M! Barington Continues In England his Commission Shall 
never be good or In force here, and that he Designes to act 
by Deputy is Impossible, it never being the Intent or mean- 
ing of the Crown. I am sure here is business Enough for 
many persons that understand the Duty, but how many 
Ignorant persons this Service will require I cannot say. 
I am 

Your Hon'"? Most Obedient and Most humble servant 
April 8*1^ 1720. E. J. Bridger 



Mr Blechynden to the Lords Commissioners for Trade and 
Plantations. 

Salem in New England 20*'' August 1720 
My Lords 

I am directed by my Hon^J^ Masters the Comm'"? of His 
Majesties Customes bearing date the 31^*^ Oct^ Last (w'^f* did 
not come to hand till the 5*? ult.) to lay before your Lord- 
ships what progress is made in New England, in the Manu- 
factures of Woollens and linnens and how the Same are 
Encouraged. 

As for the Woollens, the Country in Gen" make it for 
their own use and weare it commonly themselves here are 
Several Fulling Mills they make very good Druggetts Camb- 
letts & Serges which are Sold to the Shops and wore by the 
meanest Sort of People as for the Tradesmen they are very 
Ambitious of appearing above themselves and will not be 
seen in anything beneath the Merch* or more Substantial! 
which, is in the Produce of Europe. 



OF THE STATE OF IMATNE 143 

As for the linnen Manufacture the Comon people wear 
what they call Homespun which is made of Cotton and Lin- 
nen, tho wee have had lately Some hundreds of Irish Fam- 
ilys Setled at the Eastward which make as good Linnens and 
Diaper as in Ireland itself. This is what I have at present 
to offer to yo! Lordships upon this Head and hope yo^ Lord- 
ships mil beheve that while I have the HonT to be CoUetT of 
his Majesties Customes in these Parts I shall take all possi- 
ble Care to prevent as farr as in mee Lyes the Exportation 
of any woollens and to informe yo^ Lordships from time to 
time what I think detrimental to the Trade and Manufactures 
of Great Britain as becomes 

My Lords 
Your Lordships most dutifull and most 

Obedient Hum'''® Serv^ 
Chas : Blechjmden 

E: New England 

Lre from M'!' Chas. Blechynden relating to the Woolen Manu- 
facture in Neiv England Dated at Salem Aug*. 20H' 1720. 

To the Right Hon^^ The Lords Comm'^f of Trade ^Plantations, 
Att Whitehall Reed ^S"-'^ Septemh"- 1720 Read July ,5, 1722 



Letter from J. Bummer to WV^ Popple Esq\ of Oct. 11, 1720 

with his answers to the Circular Querys, relating to the 

Massachusetts=Bay 

( Enclosure ) 
Queries for M^ Dummer. 
Massachusets-Bay & New Hampshire 
14th. What Forts & Places of Defence are there within 
that Province? and in what condition? 



144 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Castle Will^ is the Cheif which defends Boston Harbour 
& is kept in very good condition. There are other little 
Forts in the Province of Main. There's a little one in 
Brunswick at y® head of Casco Bay called George's Fort, 
which has in it 15 souldiers, and a Capt. Lieu! & Serjeant. 
It is built of stone & lime, with four bastions, having 14 
pretty large cannon mounted on ye Walls : There's another 
at a town call'd Augusta about 22 miles from Brunswick : & 
a third at Whiter harbour a place about 4 miles westward of 
Caseo. There is also a Garrison in Arowsick Island, where 
the inhabitants keep guard by turns, there being no Soldiers 
in pay. 

15. What Number of Indians have you, & how are they 
inclin'd ? 

We have but very few Indians well affected to us that are 
able to go to war, excepting the Iroquoise ( who are call'd 
the 5 nations ) & they onely guard New York & keep a con- 
stant newtrality with the French Indians. 
16*? What is the strength of their Neighbouring Indians? 

We reckon the Eastern Indians ( as they are call'd ) not to 
exceed five hundred fighting men. These are Situated at 
Penobscot & towards Nova Scotia. But the Canada Indians 
who some times come down upon our Western Setlements 
consist of many Nations, as the Hurons Illinois & others. 
17*? What is the Strength of your neighbouring Europeans? 

We have none but the French of Canada, who can't 
hurt us but by Surprizing our Frontier Setlements, & so pre- 
venting the growth of the Colonies. Their Number is incon- 
siderable, compar'd with the British Subjects. 
The same queries for New Hamshire. 

Mtd:') Queries for MT Dummer, relating to the Provinces of 
the Massachusetts Bay ^ New Hampshire. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 145 

(Seal) Additional Instruction for our trusty and well 
beloved Samuel Shute Esq\" our Governour and 
Commander in Chief in and over our Province of 
New Hampshire in New England in America or for 
the Commander in Chief of the said Province for 
the time being, Given at our Court at Hampton 
Court the 27*? Day of September 1717. In the 
ffourth Year of Our Reign. 

Whereas by our Instruction to you you are required not to 
pass any Law of any Extraordinary or Unusual Nature and 
Importance whereby our Prerogative or the Property of our 
Subjects may be prejudiced without having either first trans- 
mitted unto us a Draught of such a Bill or Bills and our 
having Signified our Royal Pleasure thereupon, or that You 
take care the passing of any Act of an Unusual and Extraor- 
dinary Nature, that there be a Clause Inserted therein Sus- 
pending and deferring the Execution thereof untill our 
Pleasure be known concernmg the said Act. 

It is our further Will and Pleasiu'e that you don't for the 
future pass any Act which may any ways affect the Trade or 
Shipping of this our Kingdom without a Clause expressly 
declaring that the said act shall not be in force, untill it be 
approved and confirmed by us, our Heirs or Successors and 
you are to Signify our Pleasure herem to the Councill and 
assembly of our Province of New Hampshire in New England 
under your Government, and to take Care that the same be 
punctually observed for the future upon pain of our highest 
Displeasure. G. R. A true Copy from the Original 

E : New Hampshire 

Lre from 3f^ Newman inclosing the Extract of some Lres 
from Col°. Shute Govl of New Hampshire relating to the 
Powder Money 

Reed Fehry 2^ Read 8^" Fehry 1721/22 
10 



146 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter 

Col. Tho? Westbrook to Lieut. Gov. Dummer. March 23. 

1722/3 

S* Georges March y^ 23'^ 1Y22/3 
May it please yo' Hono"" 

My last Inform'd yo'' honour of my Arivall in Penobscot 
river, and would Crave leave to acquamt you that on y® 4*^ 
Instant I sett out to find the fort, and after five dayes march 
thro' y^ woods wee Arived abrest of Severall Islands where 
y® pilot Supposed y® Fort must be ; here we were obliged to 
make four Canoo's to ferry from Island to Island and Sent a 
Scout of 50 men upon discovery, on the 9'*^ Instant who Sent 
me word they had Discover'd y® Fort & waited my Arivall, 
I left a Guard of a hundred men w**^ the provisions & Tents, 
and with the rest went to y® Scout being forc'd to ferry over 
to them, they had, & wee cou'd see y^ Fort but not come to 
it by reason of a Swift River, and y® Ice at y® heads of y* 
Islands not permitting the Canoo's to come round, we were 
obliged to make 2 more, w*^ which Wee ferry'd over, and by 
Six in the Evening Arrived at y*^ Fort, Leaving a Guard of 
40 men on the West Side of the river, to facillate our return. 

The Enemy had Deserted it in y® fall as we Judge and 
Carry'd every thing with them except y^ Inclosed papers, 
nothmg matteriall was fomid. The Fort was 70 yards in 
Length and 50 in breadth. Well Stockado'd 14 foot high 
furnisht with 23 houses Built reguler ; On the South Side 
close by it was their Chappell, 60 foot Long and 30 wide 
Well and handsomely finish'd within & without and on y* 
South of that y^ Fryers Dwelling house. 

We Sett fire to them & by Sun rise next morning Con- 
sum'd them all. Wee then returned to Our first Guards & 
thence to Our Tents, & so proceeded to y^ Sloops being 
Judged to be 32 Miles Distant. M* Gibson & Severall other 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 147 

Sick with a Guard not being Arived ; And when they 
Arived, Wee fell down the River. At y* Mouth whereof on 
ye j^gth Qurpeiit at 3. of y® Clock in y*' morning the Reverend 
M' Gibson Dyed. Wee Arived at this place the 20'^^ Instant 
where we Decently Interr'd him, and three more of our men 
with y^ usuall form, Wee have 50 men now Sick which has 
Exhausted our Stores for y® Sick, I have Wrote to M"" Treas- 
urer Allen for a fresh supply or y^ men Will, & do already 
Suffer Extreamly for want. I have made bold to give Lib- 
erty to Liev* Buckminster to Wait on your honour for Leave 
to See his family while y'' forces are Recruitmg. Lievt Hil- 
ton has been 111 all this March and is now grown so weak 
that I am Obliged to give him a furlow home, and at his 
request Given y'^ Charge of his men to Liev* John March a 
Gentleman of great care & good Conduct and One I hope 
yo'' honour Will favour w*^ a Liev'^ Commission. I have 
not heard from Cap*^ Harmon Since I left him, only as 
Cap* Penhallow Informes mee he met him at York, & that 
he return'd from his March in 5 or 6 days, th6 yo'' Hono"^ 
Will See by the Inclosed his Instructions from mee & what 
Orders he had. Your honour Will Excuse my not Sending 
a Journall of our proceedings hitherto as I fully purposed to 
do, but am prevented by the badness of the Weather & 
Incumbrance of our Cabbin by M"" Gibsons Sickness & Death 
but shall not fail to do it g next op^'tunity. Wee are now 
preparing our whalclioats w*'' Clabboards «fec to be in a readi- 
ness for pitching them as soon as any shall Arrive that we 
may be ready for a March as soon as wee are furnished with 
provisions, with all Dutifull Respect I am 

Yo'' Ilono'"? Most Obedient Humble Serv* 

Tho Westbrook 



148 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter from Gov. Shute. 

Sir 

Since my last Letter to you, 1 have rec^ Advice from 
Cpt Heath of a Party of eleven Indians that appeard the 25 
of March at Richmond & Shot one of that Garrison thro the 
Body, Cpt. Heath is of Opinion that there are only a Scout 
for Discovery & that there is a greater Number near at Hand ; 
You must be very vigilant & careful, & employ your Men in 
the best Manner you can for the Annoyance of the Enemy & 
Defence of the Frontiers, & if any Place should be distress'd 
Let them have'speedy Relief. It is necessary that there sh*? be 
a Vessel of some Force to carry Supplies to Richmond, and 
therefore you must Order the Sloop that was Strattons for 
that Service. 

Ap. 10, 1722. 



Votes of the House of Representatives ( at the Session of the 
General Assembly held at Boston March 15*^ 1722 ) 

MT Cooke from the Committee Reported, That they hav- 
ing at sundry times made enquiry of the Situation and Cir- 
cumstances of Fort Mary at Winter-Harbour, are humbly of 
opinion, That that Fort is of no Service as a Barrier or Secu- 
rity to the Inhabitants of that Town, nor any Bridle to the 
Indians. And there being now, as we are informed, but five 
centinels, and three of them old Men, the Guns belonging 
to the Garrison both Great and Small unfit for Service, and 
that in dry Seasons they are obliged to go two or three miles 
for Water for the use of the Garrison. 

The Committee are therefore of opinion. That that Fort, 
being of no Publick benefit. It is for his Majesty's Service, 
That it be slighted and no longer continued. And that no 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 149 

pay or Subsistance be allowed and paid out of the Publick 
Treasury for any Officer and Soldiers there, after the 12*^?^ day 
of July next, and that M^ Treasurer Allen be directed to 
take speedy Care that the Provisions, Ordnance, Arms, 
Ammunition and all other Stores of War at that Fort, be 
Transported to Boston and lodged with him. 

Read and accepted. 
Marginal * Contrary to the Charter without consulting me 
note & the fort so advantageous y* the Country would 

have been undone if demolish They did not lyke 

the Commader. 



27 June 1722 
Elisha Cooke Esq^ from the Committee on the Petition of 
John Smith &c Reported, The Committee having had Con- 
sideration of the petition of John Smith, &c. Proprietors of 
the Town of North Yarmouth, and the several Papers there- 
with Exhibited find that on the 26^'^ of July 1684 Thomas 
Danforth Esq. President of the Province of Mam, and by 
Order and Authority of the Colony of the Massachusetts who 
had purchased that Province of the Assigns of Sir Ferdinando 
Gorge did Give, Grant, Bargain, and Confirm unto Messieurs 
Jeremiah Dummer, Walter Gendall, John Royal and John 
York, Trustees on the behalf and for the Sole Use and Ben- 
efit of the Inhabitants of the Town of North Yarmouth men- 
tioned in said petition. And that a Settlement was begun, 
but broke up by the Indian War. The Committee are there- 
fore humbly of Opinion that Five Suitable Persons be 
appointed and constituted Trustees in the room and stead of 
Jeremiah Duminer and others first mentioned to carry on and 
perfect the Settlement of that Township according to such 
Rules and Methods as was then proposed, having special 



150 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Regard to the Original Proprietors and Settlers ; and that 
the Number at present be sixty at least, and that the Town 
Book now m the hands of Capt. Samuel Phipps of Charles- 
town be put into the Hands of this Committee, a fair copy of 
all to be draw^n out and sent to North-Yarmouth ( the Origi- 
nal to remain in Boston ) for the present ), under the Custody 
of a Cleik to be appointed for that purpose, that Attested 
Copy's may be given to such as want them. The Charge of 
this Committee to be born by the Proprietors and Inhabitants 
of said Town. 

Elisha Cooke, per Order of the Committee. 



Letter from John Penhallow to Grov. Skute. July Jf^ 1722 

George Town July 4*'^ 1722 
May it please y"" Ex''^ 

I rec*^ y'^ Ex'=y« Letter of Express of y*^ 20"> ult: but Last 
night, this mornmg I Dispatched away my whale Boat up 
the river & Called the Inhabitants. I also order'd y® Boat 
to Richmond to direct the Officer there to keep good Guards, 
inasmuch as I had then but Just heard of Cap' Westbrooks 
being Attacked at S* Georges & the Dam^ that was done 
there, but as soon as the Boat had got as far as Merrymeet- 
ing Bay they Saw about 30 of the Indians, who as soon as 
they found 'emselves discover'd man'd out their Canoos in 
chase of the Boat w'^'^ was then obliged to return & soon got 
Clear of them, the Houses in the Bay were Just then Sat on 
fire, & after the Boat return'd to me w"' the above AcS we 
Observ'd Smokes to rise in Long reach, & JVP Allen y*" bearer 
being at his own House about three Miles of, I was willing 
to try to save him, & Immediatly man'd out y® boat w*^ 
fresh hands & releaved him, who had been in defence of his 
House about two Hours, it happen'd we did not Loose a 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 151 

man tlio they fought the Indians about half an hour before 
they could get m^ Allen away, it's probable our men 
wounded if not killed some of them. There is five Garrisons 
in this Town but can keep but three w*=" will defend One 
Another & we are in a good posture of Defence. I am 
further Strengthening 'em according to y'' Ex^^^^ order, they 
are within Shot of one Another & some good Houses between 
that we are able to recieve & Entertain a good Number of 
men. 

M^ Allen who now Comes up will give your Ex'^^ a more 
particular Ac* of his Loss & what happen'd to him this day, 
I have divided my half Comp^ that are here among the three 
Garrisons for their better defence, am fortifying for the 
security of the Stores, would pray y"^ Ex''^ to order me two 
Swivil Guns to fix in the fflankers for the Security of the 
Same, there are here Several smart Lusty Young men that 
have been robb'd of all they had by the Indians, who would 
be glad to be in the Service if y'' Ex^^ would be pleas'd to 
admit of it, they Cannot possibly Subsist here without, I have 
detained 'em till y'^ Ex*'^* order inasmuch as their going off 
now will weaken the Country 

I am y"" Ex-^^^ Most DutifuU & Most OV Hum : Serv' 
[ Superscribed ] 
On His Maj** Especial Service To His Excellency Sam" 
Shute Esq'^ Cap* Gen\ Gov'' & Command" in Chief of 
the Province of the Mass* &c* 
p M"^ AUen. In Boston 



Letter from John Wheelwright to Gov. Shute July 6, 1722. 

May it Please your Excellency 
That whereas the late disturbance given by the Indians hath 

put us licre all in a great Consternation and sum places in 



152 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

great Confusion of which I can do no less but Infonne j'our 
Excellency and of our present state : The people Eastward, 
Arundoll Bideford & Scarbrough seme to be under discourag- 
ments they being but in a mean way of Defence I mention 
nothing of those farther East they being more Imediatly 
under the Care of Maj'^ Moody : This town are Generaley in 
Garison but vnder many difacaltys too many to bee Inumer- 
ated and are but short of Amonition York Kittery & Barwick 
remain yet Generalley at theire own perticuler Houses) I 
have latly given orders to every place for theire repairing of 
theire respective Garisons assigned them in each town the 
last year by your Excellencys order to the Militia here : and 
that all be vpon theire Guard of Defence and go armed to 
prevent a tame and Gentle submition unto any that may in 
a violent manner attemt to seize or disturb them in their 
lawfull Imployment or business/ I humbly pray your Excel- 
lencys direction® and Comands for the managing these difa- 
cult affairs at this Juncture and shall be ready to attend and 
observe them to the utmost of my power / And am 

S'' your Excellencys most Dutifull & obediant Serv* 

John Wheelwright 



Journal of the House of Representatives 

[ At a great and General Court or Assembly of His Maj- 
esty's Province of the Massachusetts-Bay in New-England, 
Begun and Held at Boston on the 30'*' day of May 1722 &c ] 

July 8, 1722 

At a Council held at Fort George in New-York. 

Part of a Letter from the Governour of Boston viz : 

" I find Commissioners will not be appointed to come meerly 

" to treat upon a Neutrality - if they may have tlie liberty 



OF THE STATE OF MAESTE 153 

" to engage Five of the Mowhaws to go to the Eastern 
" Indians, and acquaint them that they will take part with 
the English in case a War should break out, Our Commis- 
sioners will Avait on you at the time appointed." 

Upon taking which Expressions into Consideration, This 
Board are of Opinion, That the Five Nations ought not to be 
engaged to leave this Province and concern themselves with 
the Eastern Indians since it may draw an Indian War on the 
Frontiers of this Province in its Consequences. That no 
more can safely be treated of by the Commissioners of Boston 
with the Five Nations then to renew the Covenant Chain 
with them, and to engage them to be no ways assisting or 
encouragmg the Eastern Indians in the presence of the Gov- 
ernour of this Province or Persons appointed by him. And 
that they hold no private Conference with tliem direct!}^ or 
indirectly. 



Letter from ThPf Westbrook to Gov. Shute Sept. 23, 1722. 

Falmouth Sep'^ 23^ 1722 
May! it Please your Excellency. - 

I take this Oppertunity to Inform You that I Arrived at 
Piscataqua at 10 a Clock in y^ Morning The. 15^.^ Instant 
& Immediatly Waited on y? L* Governour Of Whom I 
reced a Confiixnation That There was 5 or 6 hundered 
Indians at Arrowsick upon which I Immediately returned to 
y® Sloops In Order to Sail but the Wind proving Contrary I 
was Oblidg'd To Stay till y"^ Next Morning. 3. of y^ Clock 
And then proceeded to Arrowsick, where I Came to an 
Anchor at One a Clock on Monday Morning. I Waited 
upon Coll Walton who Told me y*^ Indians were Withdrawn 
& that he Intended to March that Day with 180 Men To Way- 
lay the Indians In Their Carrying Places and Desired our 



154 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Company. Butt In as Much as the Indians were withdrawn 
I was willing To make my best way To S* Georges fearing 
y^ Enemy might Attack it. Tuesday About five a Clock we 
Came To Sail & Came To the Mouth of S' Georges River on 
Wednesday Morning And not having a fair Wind went up 
In five whaleboats To the fort which I found In good Order 
the Indians having Attacked it y'' 24"' of August and Kill'd 
5. Men y' were out of the Garrison They Continued Their 
Assault 12 Days. & Nights, furiously Only now and Then 
under a flagg of Truce They would have perswaded them to 
yeild of the Garrisson Promissing Them to give Them good 
Quarter's and Send them To Boston. The Defend""* Answ" 
Were That they Wanted no quarters at their Hands. Dar- 
ing them Continually to Come on, and told them it was King 
Georges Lands And That they would not Yeild them up but 
with the Last Drops of Their Blood, The Indians Were 
Headed by y*' fryar who Talked with Them und"" a flag of 
Truce, and Likewise by Two french Men. as they Judg'd 
them to be. they Brought with them five Captives y* they 
took at S*^ Georges 15*? June last, and kept them During the 
Seige. But upon their Breaking up. Sent M"" John Dunsmore 
One of the Said Captives to y^ fort to know Whether they 
would redeem them or no, Our people Made Answ^ they had 
no Order So to Do, neither Could they do it upon which 
M^ Dunsmore return'd to the Indians and they Carry'd the 
Captives Back to Penobscutt Bay and Then frankly released 
Three of Them Vizt M"^ John Dunsmore M"" Thomas Foster 
and M"^ William Ligett. 

One Joshua Rose y* was Taken at y'' Aforesaid Time and 
place And whom the Indians had left Behind at Penobscutt 
Fort. Made his Escape. & After Six Days Travell Arived at 
y® Fort y" Second Day After the Seige Began he being 
Oblidged To make his Way Through the Body of y^ Indians 
To Gett To The fort and was Taken In at One of the Ports, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 155 

I now Detain the four Captives to be as Pilotts to Penob- 
scutt Fort I^ntill I Know your Excellency's Pleasure About 
them. They Inform me that the Indians have rebuilt Their 
fort at Penobscutt Since the 15^^ of June Oblidging Them 
To Work on it It Contains Ab! 12 Rodd Square Enclos'd 
With Stockado's of 12 foot High it has 2 Flankers on the 
East The Other on y^ West and 3 Gates not at That time 
Hung they Plave Likewise 2 Swivell Gunns. It is Situated 
On an Island In a fresh water River Twelve Miles from y'' 
Salt Water The Captives Judge their is no way of getting to 
the Island but by Canoes or flatt Bottom'd Boats & it is 
Impossible to Carry up Whale boats by reason y*' falls are 8 
or 9 Long & Very Swift. That They Saw 12 or 13 Barrells 
of Gun Powder Brought To The fort By the Indians as they 
Said from Canada Ab* The Middle of July, They have a 
Meeting House within a Rod Thereabouts on y** Outside of 
y^ South Wall of the Fort, it Being 60 foot Long. 30 wide 
and 12 foot Studd With a Bell In it which They Ring Morn- 
ing & Evening- The s*^ Rose Informs me They had a Con- 
siderable Quantity Of Corn Standhig when he made his 
Escape. After I had Viewed y*' Garrison I return'd In ab*- 
an Hour & j4 to my Sloop Lying In y^ Mouth of the River 
and Sent up one of them With a few Hands upon Deck as 
to Carry up stores To The fort and Sail'd with the Other 
Sloop for Arrowsick full of Men ; To Induce the Indians 
Spy's To Beleive that We had Intirely Left the place, and 
That there was no Design, agamst Penobscutt, and Likewise 
To Inform Coll Walton of y'^ State of Affairs, not knowing 
but that he Might have Orders To Make an Attack upon 
Them. 

This Being all y' is Materiall I make Bold to Subscribe 
my self 

Your Excellencys Most Obedient Humble Servant 

Tho* Westbrook 



156 DOCtJMENTAEY HISTORY 

P. S. The Captives Inform'd me That y^ most part of y® 
Indians food During y^ Time of y® Seige was Seals which 
they Caught Dayly Keeping out a party of Men for that Pur- 
pose They Also Inform us & do Assert That there Is great 
Quantity's of Sturgeon Bass and Eels to be Caught Even 
Close by y® Island where Penobscut Fort is. 

Coll Walton Desired me to Come Along with him To This 
Place To see what forces that he Could Draw, which I Did 
Accordinly and Brought M"" Dunsmore and Rose along with 
Me. The Garrisson at S^ George has Expended most of 
their Amunition During y^ Late Seige and 1 Desire your 
Excellency To Send p'' y* first Oppertunity 4 or 5 Barrells of 
Gunpowder with Ball, Swan Shott and flints Answerable for 
y* Indians are resolved To Take y® fort if Possible. If there 
be no Oppertunity of sending it to S* Georges please to Order 
it to Arrowsick and I will fetch it in my Whaleboats. 
[ Superscribed ] 
To His Excellency Samuell Shute Esq"" 
Cap^ Generall and Governour In and Over His Majesties 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay. In New England 
At Boston/ On his Majesties Service These 



Letter from Zach Treseott to Judge Dudley Oct. 1, 1722. 

Safransway Octo. 1 - 1722. 
Honered 

S'' As you have all ways ben my frind on all ocasions : 
I am the moor incuraged to write to you in my present 
curcumstances I am now after maney removs with the canada 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 157 

indiens at Safransway hamelton with the mohaks Edgar and 

loue with the indins at worenock Hansard at cabeck. 

S'' I humbly intret of you to interseed with his exelency the 

govener to send the three naregwock indiens and thay will 

let us 5 go free I cannot think it aney atvantage to the gov- 

mant to keep 5 men here for three indiens. 

S"" I beg of you to do what you can for me I beleve the best 

way will be to bring the indiens to albeney I am S'' your most 

humble servant 

Zach Trescott 
S'' if you would pleas to write me a line to let me know how 
things are you may direct it to M'' Jacob Wandol an Albaney 
gentman who is now at moreal to larn the french tongue who 
will send it to me 

Z. T 
[ Superscribed ] — To Judge dudley in Roxbury 



MV Sliarpe to the Lords Commissioners for Trade and 
Plantations. 

My Lords 

In obedience to yo^ Lordships Reference I have 
Reconsidered the Charge Exhibited by me to yo! Lordships 
Ag^* M^ Armstrong, Collector of his Maj'?^ Customes in New 
Hampshire in New England and Deputy Surveyor of his 
Maj*>'' Woods in America and upon the most Impartiall and 
minutest Liquisition, I Cannot find occation to Recede in the 
least from what has been allready said ; but Rather to agra- 
vate his Crimes by Repeating his own Imprecations but he is 
without doubt unfaithfull in his trust as will appea to 
yo^ Lordships thus- In the first place, He made Seizure of 



168 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Some Goods of Capt. Henry Slopers, who giving him some 
Moidores ; as the S^ Sloper told me, and the S^ Armstrong 
Confessed he had Received; the goods were never more 
Enquired after. Secondly, The s"? Armstrong in Conversa- 
tion Said; that Cap* Henry Sherburn Was an ungrateful 
person: for that tho he had permitted Sherburn To Run 
great Quantitys of Spanish and Itallian silks ; and Spanish & 
french Brandys & wines ; and many other Things out of east 
India ships homeward Bound which Sherburn mett at Sea ; 
Yett the S*? Sherburn never gave him anything Equivalent ; 
but a Peice of Silk for his wife and some Brandys and Wines 
and Tea and muslin. Thirdly, The S? Armstrong Seized 
Some Spanish wmes part belonging to M": George Jaffrey 
and another part to M^ Tobey ; the first was Discharged and 
the latter Detained by Armstrong M^ Jaffrey telling M? Arm- 
strong to his fface in my hearmg : S! if you keep my wmes 
you shall not enjoy your Place ; for I" write to England you 
Know I have Enough against you ; and you will be Removed 
as Soon as my Letters are Received ; this is allso Confirmed 
by Studlys affidavit. Fourthly, He Suffered two Thousand 
or therabouts of his Majestys mast Trees to be Cutt Down 
Which were afterwards Cutt into Loggs Then Seized by order 
of Assembly & Sold. Tis Submitted whether he Could Be 
ignorant in this Affair if he had attended his Duty ; the like 
never happening in any former Surveyors time This is allso 
Confirmed by Cap. Husk. Fifthly, he has permitted Com- 
mand'^? of Vessells Bound to Spain, to carry Masts and other 
Timber fitt for Building Ships ; which I beheve Gives the 
King of Spain that Encouragem* for Increasmg his Navall 
Power w*'? we are Dayly Alarmed with m our Dayly news 
papers. Sixthly, He uttered himself in the following man- 
ner In relating a Story Disagreeable to him as I informed 
yo^ Lordships concerning Coll? Phihps Is it not a shame 
Says he that we must be Governed by Germans^and have 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 159 

such a tine English Prince of our own ; but I hope I shall yet 
Live to See the Right Heir upon the throne 

Besides that he is a noted Irish Jacobite 1 subscribe my- 
Self with the profoundest Respect 
My Lords 
Your Lordships most Devoted most obedient & most 
humble Serv! Rich? Sharpe 
London Nov^.^Y« 16: 1722. 

E: New England 

Letter from ilf T Sharpe containing articles of Complaint 
against iltff Armstrong Collector of the Customs cf DepV Sur- 
veyor of the Woods in New Hampshire Dated Nov'^. 16, 1722 

Rec^ 16*^ NovemV 1722. Read do. 



Letter Col. Tho^. Westbrook to Lieut. Grov. Dummer 

Portsm? Decern^ 16*!^ 1723 
May it please y"^ Honour 

M"' Secretary Willard wrote me y^ 27*? of the last Month 
that it was y^ Hon" pleasure forthwith to know w* men are 
Entitled to be released or exchanged are desirous of it and 
who ( that are so Entitled ) are Willing to Continue in the 
service I have made it my business since the recept of his 
Letter w*^? came not to my hands till the 10*? Ins* to Acquaint 
my self with what your Hon'' would be Informd of, but not 
knowing certainly what entitules a man to a release ( tho' I 
suppose it to be a two yeares Continuance in the service ) I 
have therefore herewith Inclos'd to your hon^ lists of all the 
persons (save some few which I have sent to the Officers for 
but are not yet come to my hand ) who have been in his Majes- 
ties service two years & upward the lists mentions y® Captains 
names to whom they belong the Towns from whence they 



160 DOCUMENTAKY HISTOKY 

came & likewise shew wether the men were Imprest hired 
or Voluntiers and the time of their entrance into the Service, 
who are willing to Continue in it which are I think but three 
or four & all the rest are desirous of a dismission what 
remaines I shall send y'^ Hon"" as soon as possible. Cp* Har- 
mon returnd from his Cruise a Wensday last, I have not 
received his Journal. I shall transmitt it to yT honour as 
soon as I do w^^' will be next week, he Informs me that while 
he was at Mount Desart he was advis'd by Cp* Elliot who 
was in a Sloop from Canso of a party of Indians on an Island 
call'd Titmanan ( I think ) w*=^ is but a little to the Eastward 
of Mount Desert, but out of y® limits of his Instructions as 
he Conceiv'd wherefore he proceeded not after them. I came 
hither a Saturday night last from York in Ord^ to send y*' 
honour this Dispatch, and am now hasteing to Berwick with 
all possible Expedition. I am Honbl Sir 

Your most Obd* humb^ Serv* 
Tho* Westbrook 
P. S. If I Receive no further Instructions I shall Improve 
Cp* Harmon on Amus Coggin river & East side of Saco after 
his men are a little refresht but if wee Cou'd be left at large 
I am humbly of Opinion that Eastward is the only place to 
Catch Indians. 

T W 



Letter Col. T. Westbrook to Lt. Grov. Dummer 

Yorke Jan'T' 28*^^ 1723/4 
May it please your Hon"" 

Haveing already acquamted Your Hon^ with the 
recp* of some of the new raisd men, I have Sent this to 
Acq* your Honour that one of them (Viz* Elisha Dow who 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 161 

I receive! from Coll° Noyce and posted under Lieu^ Oliver at 
Berwick ) deserted the 26*.^ Inst^ , as soon as I heard of it I 
dispacht the bearer with a Warrant to have him Secur'd, and 
to wait on your Hon'' with this after he has made diligent 
Search — 

I have receivd no more men since my last 

I am y'' Hon" Dutiful humble Serv* 

Tho^ Westbrook. 



Letter Col. Tho^. Westbrook to Lieut. Gov. Dummer 

George Town April 6, 1723. 
May it please your Honour ~ 

You have herew*** an Account of my proceedings Since my 
Last, I waited at St Georges, in hopes y' M"" Talbert whould 
have Arrived there with provision So that I might have took 
a Suitable Number of men to y® Eastv\^ard, but his Not Com- 
ing Oblidged me to come to Kenebeck. and at y^ Mouth of 
the River I met him & left him there & came hither where I 
had Appointed Sundry of the Officers to meet me whome I 
met. I immeadiatly Enquired into y® State of that part of 
the Army w''^ I found in a Miserable Condition, on w'"'' I 
call'd a Council of Officers to know what might be best for 
the presant Service of the Government, the result whereof I 
send your Hon'' a Coppy Inclosed. I detained 140 men at 
St Georges in Order to go further East when I Should be 
Inabled by receiving provision, but when I came away from 
there I left 30 or 40 of y*" Exceeding Sick, y* most p' of y"' 
I hope on my return I shall find So many well men as to 
return, down East over y^ same Ground. I went before in 
part; & Spend about 3 Weeks and then return to George 
town on Kenebeck river, to know Y"'* Honours further pleas- 
ure about the fforcea left at Kenebeck river, & West of y" 

11 



162 DOCUIVIENTAIIY HISTORY 

Same. I formerly Wrote y' I heard nothing of Cap* Harmon 
but only by Word of mouth by Cap' Penhallow I have Since 
Seen him & he has given me his Journal & tells me he has 
Sent you a Coppy of y" Same. & at the Same time he Shews 
me a few Lines w''*' you had Wrote to him on which I 
rejoyce that he has given so good Satisfaction. I now Send 
part of my Journal Imperfect being not Compleated to this 
day. w*^** I intended, w*^^ you will please to Excuse. I trust 
your HonT will look over all faults — I having not had time 
to keep my Journal forward by reason of y** many y* are Sick 
and Inconveinances Aboard. M"^ Wittemore who has heith- 
erto Assisted me in Writing, is Sick, & has been so for a 
Considerable tune, as for my o"\vn part I bless God I Still 
retain my health in a great measure & had a Design if y^ 
Army had remained so to have kept marching Constantly in 
the back of the country w*^ part of y*^ Army to Intercepted 
the Enemy in there hunting Gromid, & on there Carrying 
places for this time of y® Yeare being one of their cheif times 
for y' Himting, & with the other part, I intended to have 
kept them on y® Sea Coast in Order to Intercept there fish- 
ing & fowling I have not received a Letter from y"^ Hon'" 
Since the 30*'' of Jan^ I am Induced to beleive y* you Wrote 
me a line because Sundry of the Officers tell me they have 
received Lett" from you. Liev* Allen Informes me he 
Desires a Dismisson for himself. Cap* Heath Still Informes 
me of y® faithfullness of M"" Coleby one of his Serj*^ whom 
you Order'd a Commission to be Wrote for. I beleive the 
Mistake was In the Penman, for I found 2 Commissions for 
Cap* Heath, But none for M"^ Coleby. Cap* Heath tells me 
he Should rejoyce if you would give him a Commission to be 
his Lievt Liev* Wmslow, Notwithstanding being dropt. 
went East with me & Marcht to Pernobscout. I doubt not 
but he will make a good Officer, & I hope y'^ Hon"^ will bear 
him in Mind when there is an Oppertunity to Improve him 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 163 

Liev* Moulton Informes me he has Wrote to you for a Dis- 
mission from y^ Service & likewise Urges me for leave to go 
home. I tell him I doubt not but you have Thoughts of 
Advancerng of him as soon as Oppertunity will permitt. by 
what Experiance I have had of him & y^ Carracter I here of 
him I doubt not but he will make a good Officer, s'' my 
Extream hurry at present Will not Admit of any Enlarge- 
ment Crave Referrence to Cap* Temple & Cap* Harmon 
who have yo"^ Liberty for coming home. I am 

Yo"^ Honours Most Obed* Humble Serv* 

[ Indorsed ] 
On His Majes^^ Service To the Honour able William Dum- 
mer Escf Liev* Q-overno'^ ^ Commander in Chief of the prov- 
of the Massaohusets Bay In Boston 



To the Kings most Excellent Majesty in Council 

The humble Memorial & Petition of James Wood- 
side late Minister of the Gospel, at Brunswick, in 
New England. 
Sheweth 

That he with 40 Familys, consisting of above 160 
Persons did in the Year 1718 embarque on a ship at Derry 
Lough in Ireland in Order to erect a Colony at Casco Bay, 
in Your Majestys Province of Main in New England. 

That bemg arriv'd they made a settlement at a Place called 
by the Indians Pegipscot, but by them Brunswick, within 4 
Miles from Fort George, where ( after he had laid out a con- 
siderable sum upon a Garrison House, fortify'd with Pali- 
sadoes, & two large Bastions, had also made great Improve- 
ments, & laid out considerably for the Benefit of that Infant 
Colony ) the Inhabitants were surpriz'd by the Indians who 



164 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

in the Month of July 1722 came down in great Numbers to 
murder Your Majesty's good Subjects there. 

That upon this Surprize the Inhabitants, ( naked & desti- 
tute of Provisions run for shelter into your Pet^^ House 
( which is still defended by his sons ) where they were kindly 
receivd, provided for, & protected from the rebel Indians. 

That the S** Indians being happily prevented from murder- 
ing Your Majesty's good Subjects ( in Revenge to your PetT ) 
presently kill'd all his Cattel, destroying all the Moveables, 
& Provisions they could come at, & as Your Pef had a very 
considerable Stock of Cattel he & his Family were great suf- 
ferers thereby, as may appear by a Certificate of the Gov- 
ernour of that Province, a Copy whereof is hereunto annexed. 
Your Pef^ therefore most humbly begs that in Regard 
to his great undertaking, his great Losses & suffer- 
ings, the Service done to the Publicke in saving the 
Lives of many of Your Majesty's Subjects, the 
unshak[en] Loyalty & undaunted Courage of his 
Sons, who still defend the S*^ Garrison. Your Majesty 
in Councel will be pleas'd to provide for him, his Wife 
& Daughter here or grant him the Post of M^ Cum- 
mins, a Searcher of Ships in the Harbour of Boston 
N England, lately deceas'd that so his Family, reduced 
^ to very low Circumstances may be resettled, & his 

losses repair'd where they were sustain'd. 

& Your Pef shall ever pray &c. 

I do hereby certifie that the Rev*? M^ Woodside went over 
from Ireland to New England with a considerable Number of 
People, that he & they sate down to plant in a Place they 
called Brunswick in the Eastern Parts of New England there 
he built a Garrison House, which was the Means of saving 
the Lives of many of his People in the late Insurrection of 
the Indians in July last. That his Generosity is taken Notice 



or THE STATE OF MAINE 165 

of by both Doctors Mathers & that the Indians eutt off all his 
Cattle, whereby he and his Family are great Sufferers 

Samuel Shute 
Copia vera 

London June 25. 1723 

E : Memorial ^ Petition of James Woodside to His Most 
Excellent Majesty in Councel. 
June 1723 



Lieu*. Gov^ Bummer to the Lords Commiss^f for Trade and 

Plantations. 

My Lords 

Haveing directed the Secretary of the Province to 
transmitt to your Lordships by this Ship Coppyes of the Acts 
Orders resolves & votes of the General Assembly & of his 
Mag*? Councill which have passed from the last of Sep* to 
the last of ffebruary I thought it a proper occation to psent 
my humble Duty to your Lordships & to Express the Satis- 
faction & Alacritye with which I shall receive & Obey your 
Lordships Comands Soe long as I have the Honour to Serve 
his Mag*y in my psent Station 

Since the Departure of his Excellency Govern! Shute I 
have received advice that ffive English Prison'? taken the 
last Summer uppon Kennebeck River were Carrid to Canada 
amoung the ffrench & some of them to the Towne of Que- 
beck the Metropolis of that Governm* where they are now 
detain'd Prisoners which I looke uppon to bee Such a Coun- 
tenance & Encouragement given the Salvages in their rebel- 
lion as I thought it necessary to acquaint your Lordships 
with & that wee should have a much nearer prospect of 
reduceing those rebels did not the ffrench ( at least undehand ) 



166 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Sustaine them, there is nothing further in the Affaires of 
this Province propper to trouble your Lordships with at 
psent. 

I am My Lords 

Your most Obed^ & Most humble Serv^ 
Boston 22 May 1723 W'^ Dmmner 

^ : Massachusets Bay 

Letter from M": Dummer Lieu^. Crov": of the Massachu- 
sets Bay Dated the 23'!' of May 1723. 

Meced Aug. 14-H' 1723 Bead July 23'! 1721^. 



Defence of Bohert Armstrong. 

To the Right Honorable the Lords Com'"? for Trade 
& Plantations. 

The Defence of Robert Armstrong Deputy Surveyor of His 
Majesties Woods hi North America and late Collects of the 
Province of New Hampshire. 

Is most humbly offer'd 
May it please Your Lordships 

The complaints against me are of three Sorts : That I have 
been unfaithful in my Office of Collect! That I have suf- 
fer'd His Majesties Woods to be destroy'd contrary to my 
Duty as Deputy Surveyor, and, That I am a Man of Disloyal 
Principles, and a Noted Irish Jacobite. As this last Charge 
affects me most nearly, I shall beg leave to begin with That. 

Richard Sharp is the person that brings this Charge and 
says, that I deliver'd myself in the foUowmg manner ( relat- 
ing to a Story disagreeable to me concerning Col? PhiUips ) 
Viz* " Isit not a shame we should be govern'd by Germans 
and Dutch, and have such a fme English Prince of our own, 
But I hope I shall yet live to see the right Heir upon the 
Throne ", and then adds, That I am a Noted Irish Jacobite. 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 167 

To this I reply, first, That the Accusation is very general 
and uncertain; neither mentioning the time nor place nor 
Company before whom these words were utter'd, which are 
Circumstances that carry at least a presumption of the ffalse- 
hood of it. 

2diy That my accuser is a Person of very profligate Char- 
acter & had a particular Malice against me, and had often 
declared that he would, upon his arrival in England endeavour 
my Ruin. 

His Character, I prove, by Col? Armstrong, who has 
already acquainted Your Lordps, That he was so profligate 
that no person of Reputation would admit him into their 
Company : By a letter from M^ Bacon my Successor to his 
Brother S^ Edmmid, Avherein having assured him of my good 
Behaviour, He declares That Sharp was a Man of a wicked 
& scandalous Character, & that no Credit was to be given to 
him ; By two letters from the Lieu* Gov. Wentworth, one 
to ]\K Secretary Carbass, & the other to M^ Jeremiah Dum- 
mer in London ; and by another Letter from MT Samuel 
Dummer Naval officer at Boston to his Brother the S"? Jer. 
Dummer. 

His Profession was that of a Quack Doctor as appears by 
one of his printed Bills ready to be produced. 

The Ground of his prejudice to me was occasioned by an 
Action I brought against him for Male practice in his profes- 
sion, he having my Wife, ( then ill ) under his Care ; and it 
was upon the clearest proof of his vile Character attested by 
the greatest Physicians & Surgeons in Boston that I recov- 
er'd of him thirty pounds for damages ; I have this attestation 
to produce. 

His particular Menances to ruin me in England are sworn 
to by the Rev^ M' Emerson Minister at Portsmouth in New 
Hampshire ; and M^ Story where he lodged. 



168 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

To prove my General Character of Loyalty & Attachment 
to His present Majesty, I have a Cloud of Witnesses Partic- 
ularly, A Certificate from the Govern^ & Council of his 
j^jg^jties Province of New Hampshire, & another from the 
Bench of Justices there. As also, a Letter from the Lieu^ 
Gov^ of New England ffrom the Secretary of that Province, 
ffrom the Judge of the Court of Admiralty, ffrom the Sur- 
vey^ General & all the officers of the Customs ; And, ffrom 
the principal Merchants of the Country, who have known me 
more than Twenty years. And if all these be not sufficient 
to establish my Character ag^ the Malice of one Infamous 
Man, I must then have recourse to Col? Hunter Govern^ 
Shute Gov^ Phillips Col? Armstrong M! Dummer MT New- 
man and the Principal Merchants on the Exchange trading 
to New England, who Avill be ready to do me Justice. 

So that, May it please yo^ Lordsps, if it were possible 
( after these Proof es to the contrary ) for me to have been a 
Jacobite yet I must have been a very secret conceal'd one 
and not a Noted Jacobite, as this false witness affirms, And 
I must beg leave to take notice of the Infatuation of the 
J\Ian in not being contented to call me a Noted Jacobite ; 
when in truth I was neither born in that Kingdom, nor ever 
lived there, nor any of my ancestors, that I know of. 

Having thus, my Lords, as I hope abundantly justified my 
General Character of Loyalty and ffidelity in the Posts I sus- 
tained ; I shall proceed to vindicate myself from the Partic- 
ular accusations bro* ag* me. 

Capt Bolam's letter, upon Yo^ Lordships ffile, That I 
stopt his Ship, laden only with Lumber, and demanded fforty 
pounds above my stated fees, and that he at last gave me 
Twenty pounds to let her go. It is said, laden only with 
Lrunber, to insinuate that I stopt his Ships arbitrarily, & 
without Cause, only to extort money out of him ; whereas I 
have his Clearance to produce, whereby it will appear That 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 169 

he had on board fforty eight Masts, and some above 24 
inches ; which made it my duty to stop the Ship, and I made 
him give Bond according to Act of ParUament That he 
should on his Arrival in England tender them to the 
Crown : And in consideration of my extraordinary trouble 
■which he thereby occasioned me, He left me upon his sailing 
Twenty pounds, N : Engl^ mony, which is ab* seven pounds 
Sterling which He has declared upon Oath was Civility 
mony, and what I well deserv'd. It further appears very 
plainly, that he was influenced by Cap* Huske to make that 
Complaint ag* me ; ( either wilfully ag* his own knowledge, 
or as I am rather apt to believe inadvertently ) by one par- 
ticular, which is This: In the Complaint which he sign'd 
with the said Husk and Sharp, He charges me as being noto- 
riously disaffected to the Governm* whereas in his Affidavit 
he affirms he never heard either m New England or else- 
where, that I was in the least suspected to be Disaffected to 
His present Majesty, but really believes the contrary, And 
that what the said Sharp had sworn to that purpose was 
groundless false & malicious. What credit therefore is to 
be given to his Information is humbly submitted to 
yoT Lordps. And for Yo^ Lordpps further satisfaction, I 
hope to bring him personally before your Lordships. In the 
mean time it is not pretended but I did my duty faithfully 
to the Crown, in not suffering the Masts to be exported till 
I had taken the proper Bonds in that Case. 

The next accusation is a Paper in the name of James 
Stoodly Master of the Sloop Endeavour from Cales & ffyal, 
which charges me with Seizing a Quantity of Wines on 
board the said Vessel & then releasing them, having a par- 
ticular part to myself. 

I must beg your Lordpps to view this Paper, it carrying 
apparent marks of Imposture ; His name tho' but a dissyla- 
ble is spelt false in four letters ; Tiie Justices name is set to 



170 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

it instead of the Deponent's ; And the Captain of this pre- 
tended affidavit is Coram Ellis Huske & John Ray, mstead 
of the Justice ; They are both private men, and one of them 
Viz* Ellis Huske the very man who has stir'd up all this 
Mischief ag* me. 

I heard of this attempt before I left New Hampshire, and 
therefore cited Cap* Stoodly before the same Justice, whose 
name is to the Paper ; where he made Oath That Ellis Husk 
often prompted him to make such an Affidavit, but he 
refused it, the matter of it being entirely false ; I have also 
the Justice's own Aifid^ taken before another Justice of the 
Peace & one of His Majesties Council for that Provmce, 
That the said Husk did bring before Him the said 
Cap* Stoodly with an affid* ready drawn & prest him to 
swear to it but he refused it. Both these aftid*? were 
authenticly taken, and for a further Confirmacon of them are 
attested by the Publick Notary ; To this I am ready to add 
my own Oath Tliat I never Seized the Ship : and the wines 
being a small Quantity mencon'd in the affid* for the Shij)'s 
Stores & a few presents, and I never had the value of a 
single Bottle from either the Master or Owners for myself. 

I come now in the last place to the Articles drawn up by 
this Ellis Husk himself ag* me, which are General Charges, 
& those not sworn to. 

To invalidate this man's Evidence, I pray Your Lordps to 
consider 

First, That I have just prov'd him guilty of attempting a 
Subornation of Perjury ag* me, both by the Oath of the Jus- 
tice of Peace & also of the Person, whom he would have 
suborn'd 

2diy This is the same Person, who has accused me of being 
a Notorious Jacobite, which I have already prov'd to be false 
by all the principal Persons in both Provinces & by the 



OF THE STATE OF IVIAINE 171 

worthy Gentlemen who appear'd before yo^ Lordships m my 
Vindication. 

d^}^ It is the same Person who has charged me as one 
noted for being guilty of Perjury upon Record, and yet no 
other Person m the Proyince knows any thing of it, I haying 
produced to your Lordships, attestation of my honesty & 
Good Character from the Goyernour & from all the Judges 
& Justices who must have known this had it been fact, nor 
does my answer produce a Copy of this pretended Record, or 
mention any Punishm* inflicted on me upon my conviction, 
which surely he ought to have mention'd ; I must therefore 
flatter myself, that yoT Lordship will not give the least 
Credit to the Testimony of a Man who has been guilty of 
such flagrant Malice, and improbable falsehoods. 

4*^^y It is the same Man, whom I prosecuted & brought to 
Two Trials foi' having cut down trees contrary to Act of 
Parliam* The last Trial Gov^ Shute & Lieu^ Wentworth 
were both present at, a Copy of the Proceedings I sent to 
your Lordships And this is the true & only Cause of his 
inveterate Malice. 

It would. My Lords be an insupportable Hardship if such 
a Man's evidence should be taken ag! an oflicer, who has 
faithfully done his duty, and for that very reason only 
because he has done it, and it would discourage any oflicer 
for the future from discharging his Trust. Had I conniv'd 
at Capt. Husk's illegal Practices it is very plain he would 
never have complain'd agt me. 

His charge of my suffering many Mast Trees to be cut into 
Logs being a bare assertion I can only confute by as plain a 
denial of it ; And the attestations of Col? Wentworth Lieu* 
Gov^ M^ Minzies, Judge of the Admiralty, & several other 
Persons of Distinction ; who declare not only my fidelity & 
diligence in preserving the Masts, but particularly that I had 
brought on me the Malice of several Traders & especially of 



172 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

Ellis Husk for selecting & prosecuting them according to my 
Duty. 

There were no Trees converted into Logs in my Time, save 
300 which were cut in M^ Bridger's time ; The great Waste 
made then, and the care I have taken since to preserve His 
Majesties Woods will appear by the Affidavits of Edw^ Hall, 
Capt. Elisha Plaisted & Capt Benj^ Wentworth ( who were 
imploy'd ) as Deputies under M^ Bridger and since by me ) 
and likewise the Certificate of M^ David Jeffries who has 
been many years Agent & ffactor for supplying His Maj*!^^ 
Navy with Masts. The care I took of those Trees will 
appear from Col? Wentworth's Certificate & the Copies of 
my Proceedings in getting the said Masts appraised & exposed 
to Publick Sale. 

There is one particular article w^} Capt. Husk charges upon 
me, That he being ready to sail with the Ship Lancaster for 
Great Britain laden entirely with Lumber, I stopt him a 
Month because he would not comply with my unreasonable 
Demands. This is false in every part of it, for ffirst, she was 
not laden nor had any sails bent to the Masts, nor the Ship's 
provisions on Board when he demanded his Clearance ; as I 
am able to prove by my officers affidavits whom I sent on 
board to view the Ship. And Yo^ Lordships will please to 
observe that it would have been no way proper or safe for me 
to have clear'd the Ship till she had her full ladmg, and was 
on the point of Sailing. In the next place, it is false that 
she had nothing on board but Lumber ; for it appears by her 
Clearance which I have, ready to produce, that she had on 
board 27 Masts from 18 to 23 inches and 21 Bowsprits, & 
therefore I could not give him a Clearance without Bond, 
these being enumerated Comodities. I must likewise take 
notice to Your Lordships That he had an ill design in 
demanding his Clearance at the time he did, because it was 
near a month after he sail'd or was ready to sail. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 173 

What this man says, that I suffer'd Cap^ Macphedris and 
Cap* Sherbnrn to export Masts du-ectly for Spain, is equally 
false ; It is true ]May it please Your Lordships, That there 
have been Ship loads of Plank & Timber carried from New 
Hampshire to Lisbon, & that I have cleared those Ships, 
because there was no Act of Parliam* to forbid it, tho' at 
the same time I did it with extreme Regret ; ffor a proof of 
this, I humbly refer myself to my letters to your Lordships 
for several years running, and in particular my letters of the 
20th NovF 11-20 & the 20*? OctT 1721 in which I complain'd 
of this practice as an Injury to Great Britain, & therefore 
inclosed in those letters the Specimens & Quantities of Plank 
& Timber so exported, which I presume no officer ever did 
before me, And for this Information I received the Great 
Honour of Your Lordships thanks. If there were any Masts 
exported to fforeign parts while I was upon the Spot as Dep- 
uty ServeyT it was by ffraud & Stealth ; And this very Com- 
plainant v/as the likliest man to be guilty of it ; he having 
practiced that Trade & also insinuated to others. That the 
King had no right to the Woods there, and built a Ship for 
the Carrying on that very Trade & made two Voiages since 
I came away, as Capt. Bolam can inform yoT Lordships. 

My Lords, having thus gone tlu-ough my Defence, I must 
humbly beg leave to observe to yo^ Lordships. 

That it is Two and Twenty years since I first went to 
New-England as Secretary to the Earl of Bellomont, being 
recouiended by the late Sir Matthew Dudley, & was soon 
appointed Naval Officer for N. Hampshire. But His Lord- 
ship dying in a little time, I came home & making a Repre- 
sentacon of the State of the American Woods & of the nature 
& produce of the Northern Colonies, and how they might be 
made more beneficial to the Mother Khigdom ; a new Estab- 
lishm* of the Customs was thereupon made, and I was 



174 DOCUMENT AKY HISTORY 

presented to the then Lord High Treasurer to be Survey^ 
General of the Customes m N. America. 

His Lordship having promised ( to another ) This place, 
appointed me Collects for New Hampshire assuring me that 
I should be better provided for, and in that office I have 
continued till now being fifteen Years. I might also mention 
that it was upon my Memorial, that an Encouragement was 
given to raise Naval Stores in America, which presently sunk 
those imported from the East Country to half the value. 

For your Lordships further satisfaction as to my former 
Services, I humbly refer to the two Presentm*^? from those 
Com""? of the Customs to the Lord High Treasurer dated the 
25*? June 1709, setting forth at large all my former Services ; 
and likewise to their Original Certificate annexed to the same. 

Upon the whole, My Lords, I most humbly hope and pray 
That after having for so many years faithfully serv'd the 
Crown, & laid up nothing for my Support, ( and having the 
Misfortune of being cast away in coming over ) I may not be 
blasted in my Name and Character & ignominiously turn'd 
out of His Majesty's Service upon the accusation of Two 
men, One of them being infamous & Both, of declared Malice 
ag* me. 

All which is humbly Submitted to your Lordships 
By your most obedient humble Serv* 
6*? January 1724. Robert Armstrong. 

E : New Hampshire 

MF Robert Armstrong's Defence With Sev\ Papers 
referrd to Preferr''d 5. Jan : 1724' 

Reed Janry 12 Read Fehry 25 172Jf/5 



OF THE STATE OF HIALNE 175 

Letter 1} Gov. Dummer to Mons. Vaudreuil 

Boston N E Jan'^ 19, 1Y24 
ST 

Your Letter Dated Quebec Octob' 29*'' g Henry Edgar 
one of the English Captives came safe to me on perusall 
whereof I am greatly surprized at the matters contained 
therein, which are so unjustly represented that I cannot sat- 
isfy my self to pass them by unanswered. 

In the first place As to what you say relating to the Death 
of M"^ Ralle the Jesuit which you set forth as so inhumane 
& barbarous, I readily acknowledge that he was slam 
amongst others of our Enemies at Norrigwalk, And if he had 
confin'd himself to the professed Duty of his Function viz* to 
instruct the Indians in the Christian Religion, had kept him- 
self within the Bounds of the French Dominions & had not 
instigated the Indians to War & Rapme, there might then 
have been some ground for complaint. But when instead of 
preaching peace Love & Friendship agreeable to the Doc- 
trines of the Christian Religion he has been a constant & 
notorious Fomenter & Incendiary as flagrantly appears by 
many original Letters & Manuscripts I have of his by me to 
the Indians to kill burn & destroy, and when in open viola- 
tion of an Act of Parhament of Great Brittian & y® Lawes 
of this Province strictly forbidding Jesuits to reside or teach 
within the Brittish Dominions he has not only resided but 
also once & again appeared at the head of great Numbers of 
Indians in an hostile manner threatning & insulting as also 
publieking assaulting the Subjects of His Brittish Majesty, I 
say, if after all, such an Incendiary has happen'd to be slain 
in the heat of Action among our open «fc declared Enemies, 
Surely none can be blamed therefor but himself, nor can any 
safeguard from you or any other Justify him in such pro- 
ceedings ; And I think 1 have much greater cause to com- 
plain that M' Willard the Minister of Rutland ( who never 



176 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

had been guilty of the Facts chargeable upon M"^ Ralle ) who 
applied him self solely to the Preaching of the Gospel was 
by the Indians you sent to attack that Town, assaulted, 
Slain & Scalp* & his Scalp carried in Triumph to Quebec. 

As to the next Article you mention " That S*^ Georges 

'River was in the year ITOO by order of the Two Crowns 

'mark'd as the bounds of the English & French Lands 

' whereby it appeared that Penobscot was given to you, & 

' that one La fevre had a right to the Land thereabouts & that 

' all Vessells paid a Duty to him & that M'' Capon Envoy of 

' Engl'' when K : George came upon the Throne went to ask 

' the Penobscot Indians to Submit themselves to England 

' which they refused," I have no difficulty to answer to each 

of the aforesaid points, & as to the Last relating to M"^ Capon 

you labour under a very great mistake to mention him as an 

Envoy of England he being far below any such Character, & 

only an Inferiour Officer, Comissary or Victualler to the 

Garrison of Annapolis, & some time after that was taken & 

yielded up to the English sent by the Lieut Gov' of that 

place to visit the French Settlements within that district & 

to require the Oath of Allegiance & Fidelity from them to 

Queen Anne, but he had no occasion to come and entice the 

Penobscot Indians to submit themselves to England, for they 

as well as the Narigwalk Indians «fe many other Tribes had 

done that long before even in the year 1693 at a Treaty with 

gr -yym pi^ipg Gov' of this Proviucc, by which Treaty I can 

make it appear that they not only submitted themselves as 

Subjects to the Crown of England but also renounced 

French Interest & quitted claimes to the Lands bought & 

possessed by the English, But since King George came to 

the Throne M' Capon has not been in those parts at all as I 

am inform'd by the People of that Countrey. As to S* 

Georges River being the Bounds & La ffevres pretended 

Right, it seems very wonderfuU you should make an}^ 



OF THE STATE OF ISIAINE 17 T 

tion of these things or lay any weight upon them at this 
time, when if the Case were formerly as you now represent 
it which I do not allow, all such Claim & pretention is 
wholly superceded & at an end whereof you may soon & 
easily satisfy your self by consulting the Treaty of Peace at 
Utrecht concluded between the Two Crown in the Year 
1713. by the twefth Article whereof it is provided " That all 
"Nova Scotia or L Acadie with its antient Boundaries &c 
" together with the Dominion property & posession of the s*^ 
ujg]^<u lands & places & all Right which the most Christian 
" King, the Crown of France or any the Subjects thereof 
" have hitherto had to the IsF* Lands & places & the Inhab- 
" itants of the same are yielded & made over to the Queen 
" of Great Brittain &; to her Crown for ever " Now by the 
afores*^ Resignation the French King quitted all Right not 
only to the Lands but also the Inhabitants whether French 
or Indians or whatsoever they were & transferr'd the same to 
the Crown of Great Brittain for ever, whereby you are 
entirely cut off from any claim to the Subjection of the s^ 
Indians from thence forward. 

And We are not ignorant how far the French King under- 
stood the Countrey of L'Accadie to extend Westward by 
Patent granted to Mons"^ D'Aulney though you seem to be 
a Stranger to it. 

" As to the whole Nation of the Indians exclaiming against 
some of their Tribe as pretending they were Suborned to give 
Deeds for their Lands, if it be matter of Fact that they do so 
which is hard to be conceived, it is a most unjust Imputation 
& must argue a wonderfull deceitfullness & self contradiction 
in them, since they have upon all Treaties when the whole 
Tribes were together constantly acknowledged & submitted to 
the English Titles & posessions which they liad by honest & 
lawfuU purchase acquired. 

As to the building of Forts any where within the Brittish 

12 



178 DOCUIHENTARY HISTORY 

Dominions, I suppose you will not Scruple to acknowledge 
that the King of Great Brittain has as good a Right to erect 
Fortresses or places of Defence within his Dominions as the 
French King has in his, & therefore when you shall please to 
give me Instances of the French Kings applying himself to 
the Indians for leave to build a Fort or Forts for the Defence 
of his Subjects, I shall then give you a further Answer to 
that Argument. And in the mean Time I must tell you We 
have alwaies treated the Indians with Sincerity, & never 
thought it proper to make Apologies for Building Forts 
within our own Jurisdiction ( as you insinuate ) but on the 
Contrary in all our Treaties with them have asserted our 
undoubted Right so to do. 

You likewise signify that we must blame no Body but our 
selves for the Violence & Hostilities committed against our 
Nations by the Indians, but Sir, if the Blame must ly where 
it ought, we must impute their Outrages & falseness & 111 
Conduct towards us not so much to their own Inclinations, 
as to the Instigations of the Jesuit Ralle & others under 
your Government whereof we have had suflicient information 
from time to time, as also of your own forcing the Indians 
against their AVills upon our Fronteirs to destroy & cut off 
our people, which cannot be otherwise lookt upon than as a 
Direct & notorious Violation of the Treaty of Peace at Utrecht 

Nevertheless Sir after all, I have much greater Inclination 
to live in Amity & good Correspondence with you than oth- 
erwise, & therefore I have sent Col° Sam" Thaxter one of his 
Maj"** Councill & Col? William Dudley Speaker of the House 
of Represent"^.^^ who are commissionated to confer with you 
pursuant to such Instructions as they have rec^ from me 
And I desire you will give Credence to them accordingly. 
I am S"^ Y"^ most humble & 
most Obed* Serv* 

Wm Dummer, 



OF THE STATE OF MAmE 179 

Letter Capt. Sani^ Sitickes to L\ Crov. Bummer. 

Fort Mary Jan^ 25*i» 1Y24/5 
May it please your Hon'" 

This comes with my Dutie & humble Service and may 
Acquaint your Hon^ That Corr^ Westbrook with all y^ Rest 
of the officers Called in here are passed forward & according 
to y' Hon" Direction, y^ Corrl' Sayes I shall have men as 
soon as possible, but am not backward in my Endevours hav- 
ing sent a man on purpose to New Hampsh"^ for thre men. 
my misfortune in this affair Lyes in Conception that if they 
inlist in the Kings fort they can* be Cleared in a years or I 
could have Enough if your Hon'' Sees Cause I may Discharge 
them in 12 months; I would not trouble y"" Honour for men, 
which Hetherto I have found the fort mostly with, at my 
charge. 

Cap* Heath has taken a Rough Sceam of My fort & well, 
which cost so much money & Labour ) & all thats Necessary, 
Except Cape porpus & Cape Elizabeth between two which 
bayes I Lie in sight, & will send forward to M"^ Pell, ( Dedi- 
cated to y"^ Hony & in order to be lanskipped, & as he 
informes me I must pay 30/ shillins So I have ordered the 
money to m"" Pell. What news offers Coro^ wrote y' Hon' 
from hence he is now at Casco & Corn Harmon. 

if any thing new offers I shall Dutiefully acquaint Y' 
HonT 

One Benjamin Downer a soldier of mine came from Nor- 
wich west of Boston & while I was at Boston he run from 
the fort, he carryed of Six pounds, & gave order to Cap* Jor- 
don & to me to take his pay, but M' Jordon gott it out of my 
Role, I must petty my selfe that other men take away my 
poor previledge. 

Downer has forged a Discharge & shown it also my name 
in Severall papers Some have by me as furloes & I hope your 



180 DOCTJMENTAKY HISTOBY 

Hon' will give orders to Coinanding Officers to Secure him, 
for the service I heard of him being at Newberry & Cap* 
Kent can Secure him, he was born their & his friends are at 
Nowich. 

I hope y' Hon"^ will forgive my Teadiousness & give me 
leave to se my family for 15 Dayes, for I have been sick a 
season & was all the time at Boston So I am Y^ Hon's 
Humble Serv* 

Sam" Hinckes. 



Letter U. Grov. Dumnier to X* Kennedy 

Sir, 

I have given Saccamakten one of the Hostages Leave to go 
Home & visit his Friends vpon his Parol To return in about 
Six Weeks. You must send out a Scout with him under a 
discreet officer as far as may be convenient, & so that he may 
be conducted in Safety out of y® Reach of any of our Parties 
that may be in the Woods, And when your People Leave 
him let him be furnish'd with twenty Days Provision to 
carry him to some Indian Settlem* 

Agree vAth him for some Signal to be made upon his 
Return, And thereupon receive him kindly be with him & if 
they think proper to accompany him And if two or three 
other Indians offer to come in peaceably with him, receive 
them likewise kindly Advising me immediately of it And 
send them to Boston by y® first good Conveyance 
Feb. 4. 1724 
To L* Kennedy 

Passport 

Whereas Saccamakten ( one of the Indian Hostages ) has 
obtained my Leave to visit the Indian Settlem*? & see his 



OF THE STATE OF ISIAINE 181 

Family & Friends in those Parts upon his Parol to return 
back in the Space of forty Days ; These are to Require all 
officers Civil & Military & to desire Persons within this 
Governm* & all his jNIajesties good Subjects to suffer the said 
Saccamaksen to pass forward to Penobscot or other Indian 
Settlem** v/ithout Lett or Molestation & to return back to 
the English Fort at S* Georges River Provided he pass & 
repass peacebly without offering any Injury to his Majesties 
Subjects : 



Letter Col. T. Westbrook to L* Crov. Dummer Feb. 8, 
1724/5 

May it please Your Honour 

Yesterday Cap* Bane returned from his March he has 
made no Discovery of the Enemy Since last Fall in any part 
of his March, He informs me that Persumscot River and 
Sebagook Pond was so open that it very Much hindred him 
from getting to Madumbessuck and the hunting Ground 
thereabout. I have Sent for about twenty five Men who are 
to meet Me at Saco Falls on the eleventh Instant m Order 
to make y* Second attempt, whom I design shall march away 
light So that they may get there if possible, I design likewise 
another Party to follow them up Saco River to carry Pro- 
visions with Sleds m order for thier return. I Judge it is 
Your Honours desire to Search that Gromid well in order to 
Intercept & Destroy those Fellows. Notwithstanding Per- 
sumscot River and Sebagook Pond was so open the other 
Ponds and Rivers are generally fast — 

I am Your Honours most Obedient Servant 

Tho« Westbrook 
Fahn"^ Feb? 8'" 1724/5 



182 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter Col. Westhrook to L* Gov. Dummer 

Fort Mary Febr. 16. 1724/5 
May it please/ 
Y' Honour / 

I Believe Cap" Heath Marched Exact to y® Time y'' 
Honour Ordered on his Return I shall Emply the men on 
This side off Cannebick Kiver persuant to y' Hon""* Orders, 

Leiut Brown Marched forpigwoket the 13"' off this instant 
with twenty nine men - 

Rec'^ the inclosed the IS*'' of this month About nine a 
Clock at night, 

I am Y"" Hon""* most Dutifull Serv" 

Tho^ Westbrook 
post 

I have advised the front, teer's to be on their gaurds, untill 
y'' Return off Those Indians. 

The place where the indian stop'ed That Did not Come into 
the Fort is about seven miles Distant 

I am Dispatching Cap" Slocum immediately with Cap*' Bean 
for georges Their Being an interpreter wanting. 

Letter Allison Brown to Col. T. Westhrook March 23, 1724. 

Arundal Mch 23^ 1724 
Sir 

This day being up at M^ Perkins Sawmill and returning 
back five men together a Scout of Indians fired on them and 
wounded Sarj* Sam\^ Smith very badly. I being Informd 
went directly out and could not meet with them but brought 
the wounded man home, from S"^ 

Your Hum^.^ Serv* 
Allison Brown 
To Coll? Thomas Westbrook 

A True Coppy Town Clerk 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 183 

Falmouth M«.i> 24. 1724 
Sir 

You are to see y* the Soldiers under your Command keep 

a very strict watch & ward lest the Enemy should Surprise 

any of our people w*^'" is to be feard 

Given under my hand 

A true Coppy Tho" Westbrook 



Letter Col. T. Westbrook to Lieut. Gov. Bummer 

Falmouth March 29, 1724 
May it please your Hon'' 

My last Inform'd of my Arrival here 
and my makeing the best of my way to visit all the Frontiers 
but I have been stopt by a long and Tedious storm e, not- 
withstanding I wrote Orders to all the Officers on the 24''* 
Ins^ about eleven a Clock, and about three a Clock in the 
Afternoon, wee heard an Alarm from the Westward, but 
could not hear the Occasion of it till the 27*'' Currant, whereof 
I Enclose a Coppy. they have taken a great deal of pains to 
get a Doctor for the wounded man, they went to Portsmouth 
and brought one as far as York, and there he was taken sick, 
so they returnd and went as far as Greenland but could get 
none from thence, they came to ffalmouth for Docter Negus, 
who was taken sick the 27*? Ins', and died the 29*?* between 
Eight & nine a Clock in the Morning, wee have had an 
Instance of the like Sudden death in the past week, a Stout 
man about twenty five years of Age was taken sick and died 
in about forty hours - we stand in Absolute necessity of two 
Docters to visit the sundry sick among us and likewise to 
Dress the wounded man Docter Bullnian haveing his hands 
full at Richmond & Arrowsick. 1 doubt not but your Hon' 
will take speedy care to send them. I wait with patience as 



184 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

it is my duty to hear what your Hon'"? pleasure is relating to 
the Affairs in the frontiers. If Docter Moody be not Engag'd 
he would be very Acceptable in general wee haveing had 
Experience of him last Summer and his Practice generally 
Attended with Success 

I am your Hon" most dutifuU and Humble Servant 

Tho" Westbrook 



Letter Richard Davenport to Col. T. Westbrook 

M'' Cor: nal: tomous: wes: brok: Sor: idono : Pray: that 
yov : will : : let me : have : a : Pass : to boston : Se : in : that 
i dontknow: what: capten: iam: under: and: i Pray: yov 
to : Send : me : a few lines : how things : be : your : most 
humbel: Sarvent 

Richard : davenport 
[ Superscribed ] 
To the Honble Thomas Westbruk 
Corinall and Command'' of his Mag is ties 
forces 



Col. T. Westbrook to U. G-ov. Bummer 

Falm" April 1?* 1724 
May it please your Hon'' 

My last of the 29^^ of March Inform'd 
of the death of Docter Negus, and sundry sick people that 
wanted a Docter and not haveing heard from Richmond in 
Eight or Ten days I had some small hopes that Docter Bull- 
man might be spard to make a visit to Falm° to give direc- 
tions what might be best to do for the sick but when the 



OF THE STATE OF IMAINE 185 

Express arrived there they found two men had lately died 
and that Cap*? Heaths brother and two or thi'ee men were 
still sick Captain Penhallow writes me that there were sev- 
eral sick at Arrowsick so y*^ Docter Bullman could not be 
spared. Here is no less than Ten or twelve sick, seveial of 
them are recovering Cap^° Penhallow Judges y' the Indians 
was about there garrisons on the 29*? of March. I directed 
Cap*? Gray to write to Cap*? Heath to let me know what 
forwardness he had got the garrison in, In answ^ to it he 
Informs him that the house design'd for the Maquois, he 
hop't would be finisht in ten days, and all the rest of the 
work by the last of May, I suppose the bad weather and 
sickness has put him back. 

The Inclos'd is a request of M' Davenport for a pass to Bos- 
ton, he being but just come down and it being a sickly time 
amongst us I thought it best to Inform your Hon^ of his 
request. According to your Hon""? Ord""? to make him a Sar- 
jeant I have done it and shall rejoyce if he shou'd carry him- 
selfe so that he might be worthy of a better post. 

I am your Hon" dutifuU Hum^^ servant 
Tho Westbrook 
P. S 

I wait for a wind to go westward as 
far as York so that I might get to 
Berwick to visit all y® frontiers. 



Letter Col. T. Westbrook to L*. Gov. Bummer 

Falrn" April y« 2^ 1724 
May it please your Hon'' 

I rec'd your Letters & orders dated the 
20*? of March last on the first of this Ins* and am heartily 
sorry we have not a sufficient numb^ of men to pursue every 



186 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

part of them for wee have not more than will be sufficient to 
way lay Saco & Amuscoggin rivers & keep our garrisons, for 
in my Letter of the 05*? of March I gave an Account of as 
small a number as I thought necessary to be on those rivers 
and which are as many as I can possibly draw and leave the 
garrisons and Towns their Quota as your lionT has ordered, 
there being but three Comp^'^ to march which if full is 150 
and your Honours orders is that the garrisons of York Wells 
and Berwick be not lessned which I believe are as few as can 
be for their security, all the other Towns and garrisons are 
not better provided for altho more Exposd, and had I rec'd 
the 114 men according to your Hon""? Letter to me some time 
since I should not have had more then the 3 Comp^* full but 
I want Twelve of them and I believe your Hon^ has dismist 
ten or Twelve more and it has pleas'd God to take of Eleven 
or Twelve by death so that the raising of 30 men more will 
but make up the old Number theres 15 men out of the 
Marching Compy.^ to Cover Dunston, Scales and Mitchels and 
they are daily beging for more and my orders is to Call them 
off to march which if done they must draw off also wee have 
not then 30 men sick so that they are not fitt for any service 
but must be tended, I have lookt over my Journal and 
Enclosd an Ace* of those deceast, taken Captive, & deserted, 
since I gave in my Account, by This and what I have already 
writt your HonT may see how wee are decreast. The thirteen 
men that I enlisted to stay at Georges on Ace*' of the propri- 
etors in the fall I promist to release in the Springe and they 
now Claim it of me w*'? I must Entreat y? please to Enable 
me to pform 

I am your Hon" dutifuU and Humb' Serv* 
Tho* Westbrook 
P. S. 

April Since the above was written I am got to Cape Porpoise 
5th I beheve I Can Enlist the number of Thirty men & 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 187 

more generally young men and such as must leave the 
County if not Enlisted. Some of them may be desirous 
of a dismission in a Short time others may be willing 
to stay longer so that what I Enlist shall be Condition- 
ally either to be dismist in a Short time or to stay 
longer as your Hon'' shall See cause and their Inclina- 
tions shall lead them as to the time. The wounded 
man died the 1*^ Ins* I am afraid for want of a Docter 
Sarj* Brown was obliged to press a Sloop to carry him 
to Portsm° 



Gol. T. Westhrook to U: Gov. Dummer 

Yorke April 6*? 1724 
May it please your Hon'' 

My last of the 12^!^ Currant gave an Ace! of my bemg at 
this place & the measures wee were takeing, the people are 
not steddy in what they pretend, one day they say they will 
Enlist, another they don't know, and want promises how far 
they must march out of Town, finding them of so many 
minds, I have sent Coll? Wheelwright your orders to Impress 
fifty men, w*='' are wanting to Compleat the Compy* & to 
make up Thirty more, notwithstanding wee have Enlisted 
sundry. 

Your Hon'' will see what is wantmg by the Inclos'd List,,^ 
Cap*" Harmon as he Informs me he has not had time to make 
up his Accounts with the Treasurer this long time, he desires 
to wait on your Honour to ask leave, which I have Consented 
to, it being such a time that there is no marching far into the 
Country the Swamps & Rivers being so full of water, of 



188 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

which he will be able to give a more gticular account, and 

also of the State of the Army and the present Affaires. 

I am y' Hon*"? dutifull HumV Servant 

Tho' Westbrook 
P. S 

* I mean your Honour will see by the Inclosed list and 

the Ace*? I sent in my Letters Dated the 1^*^ & 11'^ 

Currant, I cannot send Cap* Moulton to Richmond till 

Cap*? Bourn comes to receive the men and arms. 



Letter Oapt. Johnson Harmon " to Col. Westbrook.^^ 

York y« 8'^ of April 1724/ 

The reason I sent not the men you orderd, To Serj' Brown, 

All were in the Woods, till yesterday, Since I saw your Order, 

I had none but Sick and Creeped, I now Send Corp" Aver'll 

with Six men, as p^ your Order, My men are allmost off 

their Leggs many Sick att this Time. I hope to See your 

Honour this Way in a Short time, I shall do all I can with 

what Men I have able to Send. I heartyly Wish your 

Hon" Wellfair, With the Enclosed you'ave this, which is All, 

From your Humble Servant att Command 

Johnson Harman 
A True Coppie 

P. S I have discovered nothing Worth Mentioning 

J H. 



Ool. T. Westbrook to L* Gov. Dummer 

Kennebunck April 11 1724 
May It Please your Hon' 

I rec^ your Lett" and Orders y* 9**" 
Currant, By Ensign Pyke which were dated on the First & 
Second of This Instant. I have Enlisted some men, and wait 



OF THE STATE OF ]MAINE 189 

A Few Days for the answer of Sundry more, I have sent 
Orders To Cpt Harman, To Enlist Some, he being where the 
Boddy Of The Inhabitance hve, If these measures do not 
do in A P'ew days I shall send Coll Wheelwright his Orders, 
I Shall make the best of my way To York & Berwick, to 
morrow If The Weather will permitt, I have Gaurded y* 
People of This place, This Week with a Small number of 
men to Gett Down their Lumber : The Indians were Like to 
Catch A Man, att Wells y^ 9*^^ Currant. The Inclosed is a 
Coppy of Cpt Harmans Lett"", Which gives the State of his 
Company which I Fear -will in Some IMeasure defeat your 
Hon" Projections att pressent 

I am Your Hon" Dutiful and Hum^^ Ser' 

Tho* Westbrook 
P S May It Please your Hon^ Paper is Very Scarce, with 
Me --^ ^ 

[ Superscribed ] 
On his Maj*^*'^ Service To The Hon^'® William Dummer 
Esq' Lieu^ Gov"" and Comander in Cheif &c in Boston 



Col. T. Westbrook to Lt. Gov. Dummer 

York April IS*'* 1724 
May it please y"^ Hon' 

Since mine of y® 11*** Ins* I am come 

to tliis place Cap* Harmon is Endeavouring to Enlist men, 

so wee shall see w* men will Enlist in a few days — 

Cap* Harmon has 12 men sick and sundry of Cap* Moultons 

there is two more dead then I gave an Ace* of being in 

great hast I must beg y' Hon'* pardon I cannot be more 

pticular the Sloop being under Sail 

I am your Hon" dutifull humbl Serv* 

Tlio" Westbrook 



190 DOCUMENT AKY HISTORY 

Col. T. Westhrook to U Crov. Dummer 

Yorke April IQ'}" 1T24 
May it please your Hon'' 

The bearer hereof Samuel Choate is 
troubled with Convulsion fitts, & therefore uncapable of Ser- 
vice. I have gmitted him to wait on y'' Honour, he was dis- 
mist the Service on this Account in Coll? Waltons time & 
now has taken Six pounds of one Kembal of Bradford & 
came in his room 

I am y'' Hon'? dutiful Hum^^ Serv* 

Tho* Westbrook 

[ Superscribed ] 
On his Maj"®^ Service To the Honbl William Dummer 
Esq*" Lieu^ & Comander in Cheif &c at Boston 



Letter W"^ Peperell ^ others to Col T. Westbrook. 

Hon'i Sir 

There is a house Lately made defenceable near y'' 
head of York river built by INI"" Robert Cutt and some few 
Inhabitants reside there the keeping of which house will be 
a very great Annoyance to y® Enemy and will be a great 
Security to the greatest part of Kittery and all the Inhabi- 
tants on the south side of York river it being the place where 
the Indians frequently come in with their Scouts. You being 
at y® head of the forces doubt not but it is in Your power — 



OF THE STATE OP MATNE 



191 



therefore our humble request is that Six 
posted there for the reasons above said. 
Wee are Sir y"" Humb^ 
April 20'^ 1724 

To the Honb^ Tho« Westbrook Esq^ 
CofSander in Cheif of y® forces 
in y® County of Yorke 

Rich*! Gowel 

Elihu Jimmison 

Nich? Morril 

Roger Bearing 

Clement Bearing Eben"^ Moore 

Joseph Moulton Joseph Say ward 
A true Coppy 



Jn° Tompson 
Rich^ Cutt 
Geo : Jackson 
Nicholas Weeks 



or Eight Soldiers be 

Serv** 
W"" Peperell 
Jos : Hammond 
John Leighton 
Nicho* Shapley 
Stephen Tobby 
W™ Peperil Jun"" 
W"^ Fernald 
Tho* Jenkins 
Sam^^ Came 
Joseph Young 
Jon'^ Bean 



Col. T. Westbrook to D Gov. Bummer April 21, 1724. 

May it please your Hon"^ 

Leiu* John Lane has been so Imprudent to suffer 
his men to kill sundry Creatures belonging to the people of 
the County of York as soon as I heard of it I sent for and 
examind him before Cap* Moulton & Capt" Harmon he did 
not deny the fact, but own'd it and made satisfaction to the 
people rece'd the damage and promises to amend for the 
future, I informd him I must acq* your Hon"" of him and if 
he desird it I would give him liberty to wait on y'' Hon^ and 
so more p'ticularly informe. I am heartily sorry for his 
Imprudence 

York April 21«.t 1724 I am your Hon'? dutifuU Serv^ 

Tho" Westbrook 

p s 

I gave Franklyn a written order not to let Anderson go 
ashore till he had known y"^ Hon" pleasure concerning him, 



192 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

notwithstanding he took him ashore at Casco where he made 
his Escape from him. Ens® Wright found him at Piscataqua 
had him before Justice Penhallow who committed him to 
Portsm° Goal the keeper gave him the liberty of the Yard to 
walke in, w*^** gave him an Oppertunity to make his Escape 
and w^^ he never gave y^ authority notice of till Six days 
after. 

[ Superscribed ] 
To the HonW William Dummer Esq' 
Leiu* Gov'^ & Comander in Cheif &c at Boston 



Col. T. Westhrook to L\ Q-ov. Dummer. 

York April 21«' 1724 
May it please your Hon'^ 

I receiv"^ the Inclos'd at one a Clock 
afternoon, I have receiv'd but Twenty Two of the Fifty men 
Coll? Wheelwright was to Impress, I design to get out a 
Scout on Saco and Amuscoggin rivers as soon as possible, I 
wrote by Cap* Harmon w^.*^ will Inform your Hon^ there is 
sundry scattering garrisons which I expect will be Surprised 
if not calld in by the Coll? of the Regiment, The people gen- 
erally preach up peace to themselves if the Indians do not 
knock some in the head in Six or Seven days. 

I am your Hon^* dutiful humble Serv* 

Tho^ Westbrook 

p S-- — 

I mean what is wrote by Cap*? Harmon will give a more 
gticular Ace* relateing to Coll? Wheelwrights unpressing 
men the 19*^ Ins* ab* sunsett I went to Piscataqua & arrived 
here again on Monday following. 



A Sloop man that lately arriv'd here brings news that a gen- 
tleman in Boston that the Maquois had offered to bind 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 193 

themselves and Estates over as a Security that they keep y* 
Indians off us, which very much Lulls our people in 
Security : 

[ Superscribed ] 
On his Maj"«« Esspcial Service To The Hon"*" William 
Bummer Esq' Leiu* Gov'' & Commander in Cheif &c at 
Boston 

with Speed 



Letter from Nathan Knight 

Black poynte Apr^' y« 19*V1'724 

S^ 

This is to Inform you that the Indans yestarday Kild M' 
Michell of Spurwink and tooke Captive two of his eldest 
Sons and this morning we hard fourteen or fiftean guns up 
at Winicks neck up black poynte Reaver 

Nathan Knight 



Col. Tho^. Westhrook to L\ Gov"". Bummer April 26, 1724 

May it please your Hon^ 

This morning about Eight a Clock I rec'd 
the Inclos'd w'''^ gives the Ace' of three mens being killd at 
Kennebunk they were trackt on the back of this Town the 
23*^ Ins* & two seen at Cape Nettick the Same day ; Lieu^ 
Jn° Harmon marcht with thirty one men the 23'' Ins^ to Ber- 
wick & from thence to march through the wood to Osibye 
River and then to fall down Saco River to the most likely 
places of the Indians passing and repassing there to Spend a 
Months time before he returns, his men not being able to 

13 



194 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

carry Provision enough to last them y*' Scout, I have ordered 
him about sixteen dayes hence to meet a Scout of men at 
Saco Sammon falls by w*^^ I intend to send him Provision 
Enough to Enable him to tarry out the time. — Cap*° Moulton 
with part of his Comp^ marcht to Joyn the Remainder at 
Richmond and immediately to proceed up Kennebeck river 
there lie in Ambuscade for the same term of time ~ 

Cap*" Harmons Comp^ is likewise on their march to Royals 
river and from thence to proceed to Amuscoggin river where 
they are to tarry dureing the same term of time. 

I proposed to some of the Commission Officers of the Mil- 
itia that when our Scouts are lodg'd that they rally together 
the Inhabitants & that with the remainder of the Soldiers & 
part of them they range the woods on the backs of the Towns 
In hopes to fmd them out or else drive them to our Scouts 
but I have reed no Answ'' from them. 
York April 26t^ 1724 I am your Hon" dutifuU 

Humble Servant 
Tho? Westbrook 
P—S— 

Those Scouts & that I propose to send to Saco Falls with 
provision are all the men I can find Capable to march into 
the Country, there being many Sick & weak among us. 

To the Honbl W^ Dummer Esq' Leiu* Gov' &c 

Capt. Joseph Heath to L\ Grov^ TF'"^ Dummer 

Richmond April 27*'> 1724 
Honourable S' 

Yours P"" Ensigne Clark I had the Honour of Receiv- 
ing- The large house for the accommodation of the 
Mohawks is up & finished Except the Chimneys for which 
the brick are making & will be Ready in few Dayes. In case 
the Mohawks come Down I Believe they will expect Such 



OF THE STATE OF MAIKE 195 

things as they Shall want will be Lodg'd here, I Desire there- 
fore that Such Necessaryes as your Honour shall think it 
proper to Supply them with may be Sent, with instructions 
for my Goverment in Disposing there of, as well as the pro- 
vision & ammunition I am to Deliver them from tune to 
Time. I have lately buryed three of my men who Dyed 
Suddenly with a pluretick Fever. 

Collo^ Westbrook Order"^ me to Dismiss 16 men of my 
Company & Sent me but 14 of the Recruits, he also Detein? 
an other of my men ( Viz Ebenezer Nutting ) as an Armorur 
at Falmouth, & I understand the Recruits are all Dispose of ; 
Nevertheless I Don't mention this by way of Complaint 
against the Colol in the least. But only to Discharge my 
Duty in acquainting your Honour with y® State of this 
Garrison 

The Season to Expect the Enemy is now come & they are 
gathering to gether, And in order to be Enabled to Entercept 
some of them And also Fit out a party of y® Ablest, to march 
with y^ Mohawks ( if they come & your Honour thinks it 
proper ) I should be very Glad to be made up a full Company 
But Humbley Submit And with Dutifull Respect 

I am Your Honour most Humble Obedient Servant 

Joseph Heath 
[ Superscribed ] On His Majesties Service 

To The Hon^^^ William Dummer 

Lieu* Governour & Commander in Chief of his Majesties 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New England 
present In Boston, pr Cap* Gyles. 

Letter Col. Tho' Westbrook to L* Gov. Dummer 

May it please your Honour 

The house that the Gentlemen Sett forth lies about a mile 
and quarter from Major Frosts garrison so that the posting 



196 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

some Soldiers there that they might have a Communication 
one with another would be very much for the security of all 
the lower part of Kittery and the people on the south side of 
York river and to the people in getting their hay out of the 
marshes. 

It being so great a Service to so many people I have pre- 
sumd to lodge five or six Ineffective men that were not fitt 
to march till your Hon"^* pleasure be kno\vn in that Affair. 
I am y"^ Hon""? dutifull Humble Servant 

Tho' Westbrook 
York April 28*? 1724 



Capt. J'l" Penhalloiv to U. Gov. Ihimmer 

George Town Ap^ 29*'' 1724 
May it please y'' Hon' 

I rec*^ y'' Hon" Letters of March 20*^, One respecting 
Sam'^ Hopkins, whom I Percieved had made a CompP he 
was not discharged with y® Other men, altho he was intitled 
to a Dismission -it can be no Little perplexity to your Hon'' 
to be troubled w*? Such Matters. 

Your Hon'' will find g my List I return'd him a man that 
was in y® Service above 2 years, & was therefore directed to 
be dismissed g your Hon''* order, but inasmuch as y* men 
did not Arrive here ( to exchange others ) 'till sometime in 
Feb"" he took Occasion to write to your Honour by way of 
Comp*; he was one of the men I dd into y^ Marching 
Comp^ under y" Comm'^ of L* Bourn & was dismissed as 
soon as y^ New recruits Arrived here, so y' I am no ways 
Culpable, but in Case he had not been dismissed it had not 
been my fault, that Matter being Committed to y^ Col. Yet 
altho he was discharged he hired himself into y*" Service in 
y® room of Another that was released. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 197 

g j^our Hon'^ Other Letter am inform'd your Hon'' has 
taken into Consideration the State of this place & pursuant 
to your directions I have order'd the Inhabitants into Garri- 
son. 

I Rejoyce your Hon! has a Reguard to Small point, of 
w*"* should speak were I not a person Interested there, yet 
would Crave leave to Say, its a place of Importance it being 
a Cover & Security to the fishery &c'^ it will be a Damage to 
y^ Government Such a place should be Slighted, Especially 
Considering there is so good a Garrison w*''' every body will 
Say is y® Best in y^ province, save Castle W™ & more Easily 
defended with a few men 

The Latter end of May will be above 6 months Since I 

made up my Roll, if your Hon'' thinks fit I should come to 

Boston in May Sessions for that end, I would pray your 

Honours Liberty by the Next Sloop. 

I am, y Hon" Most Dutiful! & Most Ob' Serv' 

John Penhallow 

we have Nothing New respecting the Indians ) 
Except a Small Scout we fired at about y 

our Garrisons about 8 Nights past- ) 

To The Hon'^^^® L^ Gov' Dummer. 



Col T. Westhrook to U. Gov. Dummer May 1, 17^4. 

May it please your Hon'' 

The Enclos'd is a Coppy of an Impertinent letter from M' 
Peter Nowell Representative of York, which I am almost 
ashamed to trouble your Honour with neither should I have 
presum'd to have done it had it not seem'd to have reflected 
on your Honour he asserting that your Honour promis'd the 
men should be dismist in Convenient time to help to put 
their seed into the ground his daily declareing he has brought 



198 DOCUIVIENTAEY HISTORY 

a present dismission for the men has Created a great deal of 
uneasmess among the people- I have nothing material to 
Acquaint your HonT with since mine of the 26^^*^ 

I am your Hon"^* dutiful humble Servant 
Tho« Westbrook 
York May 1?^ 1724 
To his Honour the Lieu* Gov" 

I rec*^ y'' Hon" g m"" Nowell and shall observe your ord" 
therein on their return w°^ will be in a Month or Six weeks 

T W 
[ Superscribed ] 
On His Maj"®^ Service 
To The Hon^i William Dummer Esq"^ Leiu* Gov"^ 
& Commander in Cheif &c in Boston 



Jeremiah Moulton to U. Gov. Bummer 

Richmond May Q^"" 1724 
Honourable 

S'' I Take this Oppertunity to Tender Humble 
thanks for the Late Expression of your Honours Favour & 
Goodness towards me And shall Endeavour to the uttermost 
to act worthy of y' Good Opinion 

I have been in the woods Continually Since I came from 
York an ace* of which Collol Westbrook Saith he will Send 
you to which please to be refer'd 

I have two Rolls to bring before your Honour And the 
Sculdiers Contained there in bemg in Suffermg circumstances 
for want of their pay, I intreat a permission to come and 
present them At this Session If it be thought proper. 

I Am Your Honours Humble Obedient Serv" 

Jeremiah Moulton 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 199 

Col T. Westbrook to U. Gov. J}ummer May 16, 17^4. 

May it please your Honour 

According to my letter of the 26*'' of April 
w'^^ Informs that Leiu* Harmon marcht the 23"? and was not 
able to carry provision enough to stay out the time your 
Honour had ordered, I ordered Sarj* Brown with Twenty 
men to meet him at Saco Sammon Falls who mett Leiu* Har- 
mon on his return, who was not able to stay by reason of so 
much bad weather and all the back of the Country so full of 
Water Especially the Intervale land on the Rivers where he 
was to way lay, they were oblig'd to march nine miles 
together up to their Middles in water, and some of the men fell 
into holes and had like to have been drown'd they Inform me, 
Brown notwithstanding is gone about Twenty Miles up Saco 
River there to stay a few days and way lay two Rafts where 
Leiu* Harmon had perceiv'd the Indians had come over the 
River, I doubt the Scouts on Amuscoggin and Kennebeck 
Rivers will meet with the same disappointments, I am send- 
ing Cap*" Harmon as soon as the Country Sloop comes 
down which I supposed would have been here ere this had 
there not been so many Easterly winds with what men I can 
make down to the Islands to range there these moon light 
nights it being the time of the Indians gathering Eggs and 
Catching Sea Ducks as they sitt, the Officers are very desir- 
ous to go and make up their Rolls iu a little time therefore 
desire y"" Hon' to send directions thereabout 
York I am your Hon""* dutifull Humb^ Serv' 

May 16*'^ 1724 Tho" Westbrook 

Capt. John Penhalloiv to U. Gov. Bummer 

George Town May IS'^" 1Y24 
May it Please your Honour 

Yesterday morning about 9 of y'' Clock three of my men 
going, within a Gunshot of y'" Garrison (to drive up some 



200 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Cows ) were ambushed by about 50 or 60 Indians whom we 
Judge fired upon the Enemy, who Immediatly discharged 
upon 'em about 20 guns, & then ran directly upon our men, 
after that they fired upon this Garrison sometime, while a 
party of 'em were destroying the Cattle, they tarryed here 
three or 4 hours before we discovered 10 Canoos going off, 
who landed about a Mile distant from us upon this Island, I 
then Mustered of our Little party what I Could Venture to 
draw out of y® Garrisons, w**" the Assistance of Cap* Tilton 
& five or 6 fishermen, I went out to bring off the dead men, 
Supposing they had been kill'd, & after we had Scouted an 
hour or two about a Mile round upon this point, we return'd 
with-out finding them, so that we Judge they Carried 'em off 
alive. 

The Indians are Still about us, this morning before Sun 
rise Severall appeared runing into the woods, who Skulked 
near y® Garrison Last night- I expect we shall have 'em 
about us till we have Some relief e, our weakness being now 
discovered, the Men being posted in the three Garrisons I 
Could not at this Juncture Send off a Boat w*"" Intelligence 
without danger of having her Surprized as well as runing y* 
hazard of Loosing the three Garrisons, So that I have desired 
Cap' Tilton to be the beare thereof as far as Falmouth other- 
ways must have run y® risque of Sending off a Boat. 

I hope we shall soon have a recruit from the Col : as your 
Honour has inform'd me, in the meantime, shall be as dihgent 
& Carefull as possible 

I am Y' Hon" Most dutifull, & Most Ob* Hum : Serv* 

John Penhallow 
the Names of y® men taken are 
Viz* Morgan Miles •>. 
Thomas Gillis I 
Corn? Pass j 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 201 

Col Tho^. Westbrook to L*. Gov. Dummer May 20, 1724. 

May it please your Hon'' 

I came to this place about Ten a Clock forenoon where 
I heard that there was a Packett gone along the day before 
to acquaint your honour that the Indians had been at Arrow- 
sick and killed or carried away three men Its said there 
was Fifty of them seen I cannot say much about it not have- 
ing my Letters they being carried along also. 

I have dismist forty Two of the new rais'd men and shall 
dismiss the rest as soon as they return. 

The Indians are seen frequently all along our frontier from 
Arrowsick to Kingstown where they killd or took four peo- 
ple on the IG'** Ins* the Inclos'd is a Coppy of Sarj* Browns 
Journal 

I am your Honours dutifull humble Serv* 

Tho® Westbrook 
Arundal May 20*? 1 724. 



Letter from L*. Gov. Dummer to Col. Tho^ Westbrook 
May 21, 172/f. 

Sir 

I rec*^ your Letter by Cpt. Cox with your Projection 
respecting a Decoy for the Indians by Sending a Number of 
Soldiers in the Fishing Vessels ; W'"'' I approve of & Direct 
you to man the said Fishing Vessels accordingly & send 
some Commission Officer with them : I hope Cpt Bourne & 
his Indians will be with you in a few Days & y' you 1 
Imploye them dilligently according to my last instructions 
(Concerning them & that some notsible Impressions be made 
on the Enemy in the Eastern Parts, as have of late ben 
made Westward Where our Forces have behaved themselves 



202 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

with a Gallantry worthy all our Soldiers Imitation. And 
W'*' by good providence has ben attended w*"^ answerable 
Success in the Destruction of a great Number of the Enemy 

Y^^ humble Serv* 
Boston May 21, 1724 W^ Dmnmer 

Col. T. Westbrook to U. GiovZ Bummer June 2'^, 1724. 

May it please your honour 

This morning about Five a Clock at M'' Yorks garrison 
at Pernooduck the Indians killd one man and wounded 
another there appeared Nineteen I was at Falmouth Side 
with Eight men with whom I immediately put of a whale- 
boat and went to their assistance, but the Enemy were drawn 
off, wee Immediately pursued them with about fifteen men 
about a mile & halfe but could not come up with them, our 
number bemg so small, wee concluded it best to return, It is 
Judged that there was Canoes seen comeing from the East- 
ward on last Sabbath day night by Captain Franklin 
Falm° June 2^ 1724 

I am your Hon" dutiful humble Serv' 
P. S. Tho^ Westbrook 

Since I wrote my letter I find wee want five or Six more 
men then what I then Inform' d y'^ Hon^ off T W 

Qol. T. Westbrook to TJ. Grov. Bummer 

May it please your Hon'' 

My letter of the 21^' of last month w*=^ gave an Acc^ 
that Leiu* Bean was not returned — This accompanys him 
with a Coppy of his Journal by w'^'' your Hon^ will be 
Inform'd of hip march — 

Cap"^" Harmon went East among the Islands the 26''' of last 
month in quest of the Enemy with fifty five men. I am this 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 203 

day sending the Sloop down to Monheigen Island where he 
is to repair to in case he want anything. 

I sent Leiu* Lane from this place the 30^^^ of last month 
with twenty four men a Scout on the backs of the Towns 
from this place to Ber^^•ick only to stop at Saco Falls to 
guard the people to get down their Logs. 

Wee have not heard anything of the Indians for some time 
past so that its generally thought they are getting into a 
body — Mine of the 20'? of last month gave an Ace* that I 
had dismist Forty Two of the new Imprest men there is dis- 
mist thirteen Since. I have p'mitted Leiu! Bean to wait on 
your Hon^ by which he is in hopes he may get his back wages 
for his being Pilott, whome I have Improv'd accordmg to 
your Hon" orders from the date of his Warrant to this day - 
I am y"^ Hon" Dutiful and liumb^ Serv* 

Tho? Westbrook 
The number of men as near as I can get the Ace' 
that are now in the Service is about Four hundred. 
Falmouth June 2^ 1724 



Col. T. Westbrook to L^. Grov. Bummer 

May it please your Honour 

Captain Harmon is return'd from his Cruise, whom I mett 

at Monheigon, he informs me, your Honour has given him 

leave to go to Boston to make up his Roll, the Enclosed is a 

Coppy of his Journal by which your Honour will be Inform'd 

of his Cruise 

I am your Honours Dutiful Hum'''^ Serv' 

Tho Westbrook 
Sagadahock June S'^" 1724 

P-S- 
I have ordered Cap*" Harmon to send the remainder 
of his Comp? to Saco to Joyn Lieu* Lane, whom I gave 



204 DOCUIMENTARY HISTOKY 

your Honour Ace* of in mine of the 2^ of this Ins* he is 
to take with him M^ Stephen Harden as a Pilot who is 
an Expert one on Saco Kennebunk and all the rivers 
as far as Winipeesiaucut Ponds he haveing hunted on 
that ground for many years past, He was Pilot to Lieu* 
Jn° Harmon on his last march who says he never Saw a 
man have more Judgm* in the Woods than he 

T W 
[ Superscribed ] 
On his Maj''** Service 
To The Hon^^*^ William Dummer Esq'' Lieu! Gov"^ 
& Commander in Cheif &c at Boston. 



Col. T. Westbrook to L*. Gov^ Bummer June 6. 172Jf' 

May it please your Honour' 

Cap'" Harmons Company is ordered on the backs of 
the Towns between Saco and Berwick as 1 gave an Ace* of 
in mine of the 5*^ Curr* the rest of our men are ordered to 
Cruise in Casco Bay amongst the Islands Pemequid and 
East as far as Musconkus and from thence back into Dama- 
riscoatty and Sheepsgutt rivers and to Mountsweeg bay so 
on the back of Arrowsick to Kennebeek river up to Rich- 
mond and so to keep on this Cruise till your Hon'^? pleasure 
be known Indeavouring to hinder the Indians from passing 
and repassmg with their Canoes for its Judgd since wee have 
not had men to pass in our boates that they frequently pass 
by water, when they came to Arrowsick they went off in 
their Canoes to Casco bay as it is Judg'd — Cap* Franklin 
waites here for a wind to carry provision to Georges. I hope 
your Hon^ will ord^ what must be done relateing that garrison 
— the above Cruise is ordered by the advice of the officers 



OF THE 'STATE OF MAINE 205 

present Viz* Cap* Harmon, Cap' Penhallow, Cap? Heath, 
Cap* Moulton, Leiu* Kenady 

I am your Hon*"? dutifull Humb^ Serv* 

Tho^ Westbrook 
Sagadahock June 6*? 1724 

P. S. Cap* Heath haveing acquainted me with your 
Hon''? Furlo comes up to Boston accordingly by whom 
I write T. W 

[ Superscribed ] 
On his Maj"®* Service To The Hon^^® Wilham Dummer 
Esq'' Leiu* Gov"^ & Commander in Cheif &c at Boston 
g Cap*? Heath. 



Col.. T. Westbrook to L*. Gov. Dummer June 13. 17 2 If. 

May it please your Honour 

This morning about Ten a Clock Cap*° Franklin brought 
us this Maloncholly Account Viz* That the Indians on the 
first of JMay last way layd Cap*" Winslow on both sides Saint 
Georges River as he was going to the garrison with Seven- 
teen men in two Whalboates, whome Indians have killed or 
taken all but three that made their escape and got to the 
garrison they say there was a great number of the Indians, 
who fir'd on our people first from the Western side the river, 
as soon as they had fired they put off in their Canoes and 
fell on our people very furiously, so that our boates were 
oblig'd to part they over powering them with a superior 
number. Cap*" Winslow endeavoured to land on the West 
side and so long as he was seen by our people fought boldly 
and bravely, And it is Judgd killd several of the Indians, 
Sarj* Ilarvey landed on the East side hopeing to get clear of 
them but as soon as they landed there was another Consid- 
erable party mett him and shot liim down after they had 



206 DOCUMENTABY HISTORY 

changd some shots on both sides our people were then 
obligd to draw off as well as they could, one of them did not 
get into the garrison till three days afterward he saw an 
Indian that day, our people trackt some about a week after 
not more than one hundred yards from the garrison. It is 
Judg'd there is a party lurking about the river and garrison 
still - 

Where they fird on our people first, they Judge there 
would not be less then Thirty Canoos besides three Ambus- 
cades more One on the West and two on the East sides the 
River, Wee have not men to look for the Dead bodies of our 
friends so that our Enemies have a double triumph over us 
— Cap*P Harmons CompT bemg at the Westward and the 
army is so decreast as I have already given your Hon'' an 
Ace* of in part and shall be able to give it in full when I 
come to Boston. 

I am your Hon" dutiful! humble Serv* 

Tho' Westbrook. 
George Town June 13^^ 1724 

P. S. Cap*" Winslow went out of the garrison on the 30*^ of 
April to the Green Islands hopeing to meet with a Canoo or 
two of y^ Indians - 



Capt. Joseph Heath ^ Col. T. Westbrook to V. Gov. Dummer. 

Boston June 24*^ 1724 
Honourable S' 

Having your Orders to returne to the Fort at 
Richmond, thought it my Duty to Lay the State of that Gar- 
rison before Your Honour by Several Deaths & Dismissions 
my Company is reduced to Twenty men. And the fort being 
large & far from Relief, I would Humbley Suggest to your 
Honour Is in danger of being lost with out a reinforcement 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 207 

& your Honours Designe of Sending Some able Souldiers to 
Scout with the Mohawks altogether imprackticable. The 
number of men posted at Casco Fort in y® last Avarr, and the 
present Company at north field are presidents, & Seem to 
plead for a recruit to be Sent to richmond, which is farther 
in the Enemyes Countrey than Either of those. 

All which I Humbley Offer to your wise Consideration 

& with Dutifull Respect remaine 

Your Honours most Humble Obedient Serv" 

Joseph Heath 

May it please your Honour 

Cap* Heath has acquainted me with the above 
report design'd to lay before your Honour, which appears to 
me very reasonable 

I am your Honours dutifull and most obedient Serv* 

Tho? Westbrook 
[ Superscribed ] 
On his Maj*!®^ Service 
To The Hon^'" William Dummer Esq-^ Leiu* Gov^ 
& Commander in cheif &c in Boston 



Zach Trescott to " Edward Hutchinson Esq.'" 

Mont royal iune 29~ 1724. 

s-- 

I rec"* yours dated November 29 and return you harty thanks 
for intersesion with the French gent men for my redemption 
I have ben 18 months with His Excelency gouerner Voud- 
reill I hope by the devine permision to set out for boston 
with in three weeks 

M'' lorie hath writen hear that the hostages aear dead in 
boston preson which has put the indiens in a grate rage 



208 DOCUMENTAHY HISTORY 

agains the English thay say thay aear poysoned and thear 
aear about 700 gon and going in small compeneys 10 12 15 
20 25 in a company to al parts of New england the frontears 
and if thear be not grate care taken I fear thay will do a 
grate deal of mischef no noise from frans as yet but dayly 
look for it I am S"^ your most obiged and uery humble seruant 

Zach Trescott 



John Minot to U. Grov. Dummer 

Boston July IG^'^ 1724 
May it Please your hon' 

This Waits on your hon"" to advise you that the Two 
Coxes that were bound to the East are put into Marblehead 
where they are indeavouring to get more men having on 
board boath scooners but fourteen men, and our people here 
being so very uneasy about so many of their freinds and rela- 
tions being now in the hands of the Indians are very back- 
ward to goe against them in a Hostile manner, they begg the 
favour of your honour, that there be some emediate measures 
taiken to redeme our people and Vessells out of their hand 
Mr. Cox tells me he will willingly taike on board anything 
that we shall send to redeme our men and Vessells out of 
their hands and if your honour will please to give direcktions 
to the two skippers to ackt according to the measures the 
Indians have proposed it will be a great Obligation uppon 
the Widdows and fatherless that are now in some hopes of 
some of their freinds remaming still in their hands this favour 
the distressed people in Marbleh^ desired me to aske of your 
hon'^ 

I am Yo"^ Hon''^ most Obed^ Humb- Serv* 

John Minot 
I would further say to your hon'' that our people would 
chearfully goe here what number your hon' pleases to make 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 209 

reprisals on the ennimie provided they can meet w*'^ y*" to 

advantage at sea but if they have hal'd up our Vesels into 

the Countrey as we understand they have it will be impossible 

to come at them without a flagg of truce and If your hon"" 

pleases I will go Down with them if your hon"^ sees meet to 

act in this affaire its my humble Oppinion that its emediatly 

requisite a post be Dispatcht to Marblehead to Stop these two 

Coxes to reseive your Hon" orders I am Yo"^ Hon" Most 

Obed* Humble 

Jn° Minot 

they may call at Casco for Jos Beane & the Vessel that 

is there which the Indians desire to come. 
[ Superscribed ] 
To The Honor*^ Will™ Dummer Esq'' Command'' in 
cheife of his Maj*^^^ Province of the Massachusets Bay 



Letter L\ (xov. Dummer to Gov. Saltonstall, of Conn. 

I wrote your Hon"" 30*^ Decemb"" last in order to obtain 
from His Maj"^^ Government of Connecticut a supply of 
Forces to join with the Towns of this Province in covering 
some of the most exposed Towns in the County of Hampshire 
& thereby your own Out Towns from the Attempts of the 
Indian Enemy, At the same time in compliance with the 
desires of your Gen" Assembly of Octob^ last, An account 
of the just Grounds this Government had to declare War 
against the Eastern Indians was by the Secretary transmitted 
to you, as also our Treaty with the Mohawks & altho noth- 
ing has yet been done on your parts in answer to our propo- 
salls at that time, yet the Occasion still remainmg & the 

14 



210 DOCUMENTABY HISTORY 

Generall Court of this Province being now again convened 
& having under their consideration the Defence of the West- 
ern Frontiers, they have unanimously desired me to renew 
my Motion to you on that Head. The Season of the Year 
being now come on when the Indians suppose they can make 
their attacks with the greatest advantage to them & the 
most disadvantage to us, & there being advices from abroad 
that there is not now an Indian Man to be seen in such 
places as they use to frequent gives us strong grounds to 
conclude they are preparing to make a violent Effort on some 
place or other as soon as they can meet with a fit opportun- 
ity for it, so that it appears absolutely necessary to have a 
considerable Force on the Fronteirs either to keep or beat 
them off: & this Province having Fronteirs of so large an 
extent we are exposed to a most heavy charge for the 
Defence of them. Now altho War has not been proclaimed 
against the Indians in Form by the Government of Connecti- 
cut as by this Government yet inasmuch as we are both 
embarqued in the same Bottom, are under the same Crown, 
our Interests are the same, inasmuch as His Maj^y has given 
his commands & directions to the severall Governm^^ on this 
Continent for assisting one another in case of a War & most 
especially inasmuch as our Western Towns are the immedi- 
ate Barrier & Cover to yours & that if ours should be broken 
up or drawn off, yours would be exposed to the Fury & Rav- 
ages of the Enemy in the same manner as ours now are. We 
cannot but judge it highly reasonable & we doubt not but 
upon mature Deliberation you will do so too, that you should 
join your Forces to ours for the Mutuall Defence of both. 

Besides the Forces which have been formerly posted in 
those Towns, I have upon the advices rec*^ lately made a 
further addition to them, but these also are not sufficient to 
give the Enemy a warm Repulse & altho it appears by the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 211 

Votes of your Gen" Court that you have 200 men in readi- 
ness to march yet that provision does not seem likely to 
attain the desired End, for you are sensible that the Indians 
alwaies make a Sudden onset & then retire forthwith so that 
if your forces remain as they now are before they can be 
got together & march to the places attackt the enemy will 
probably be got out of reach & so it will be too late to fol- 
low them. Upon all which considerations we desire Your 
Governm* will send 100 Men to be posted at Northfield 
Deerfield & Westfield in such proportion as shall appear 
most necessary, to continue there for a few months till the 
time of the greatest danger is over, if some part of them were 
trusty Indians who are used to the woods it might be an 
advantage. 

This comes g who it is hoped will 

wait upon you before your Generall Court rises & request 
you will make use of your Influence & Authority that what 
is proposed may be obtained whereby you not only do Service 
to the Crown will gratify a Province that is always ready to 
testify their Respect to you & will likewise oblige 

Y^ In the name of the Committee 

~ W" Tailer 

In Council June 9, 1724. 

Read & Ordered that this Report of the Draught of a Let- 
ter to the Govern^ of Connecticut be Accepted 

Sent down for Concurrence J Willard Secry 

In the House of Representatives June 9H* 1724_ 
Read and Concur'd & that His Honour the Liev' Gov! be 
desired to Express the Letter to the Gov! of Connecticut as 
soon as Possible 

W Dudley Speak! 

In Council, June 9. 1724 Read & Concur'd 

J Willard Secry 



212 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Samuel Hiiickes to L\ Crov. Dummer. 

Fort Mary July 19, 1724 
May it Please Y"" Hon' 

This comes in Company with a Letter from Leiut Beans 
to Coro^ Westbrook who was Sent here and arrived the 17 
instant,) & in order to give y"" Hon"^ an account That y® 18 : 
I supplyed him with ammunition «&.c to hasten to Spurwink 
where the Enimy were & Burnt one Perryes house. Killed 
one Solloman Jordan near y*' garrison of Leiut Jordan L* 
Bean Hastned from hence 19 mstant fought about 30 : 
Indians Killed one & Recovered his Scalp gun &c. took from 
them Beafe Blankets & Sundryes Drove the Enemy : & took 
about 25 packs & they Ran away naked, this day — 

We Lost one Robert Brown of plymouth and one Simon 
armstrong was scarred on his head flesh wound, the Enimy 
fought smartly while they stood, M'^ Bean & men are here & 
as to any particulars farther I beleive Corr^ Westbrook will 
forward, M' Beans Letter to y"" Hon'' for wh5 I wrote the 
particulars & pray I may be Excused for my not inlargeing. 
I hear M"" Buckman's garrisen at N° Yarmouth is Burned & 
of Alarums their, this morning Large fires appeared up Saco 
River, at Cape porpus, we dont hear the Reason but guess 
the Enimy to be Every where, & having no incorragement 
that I may have men to fill my Complement up as yet I hope 
y"" Hone's not forgot y"" Direction you gave me to Leave a 
mem" in the Secre: Office that I may have them, by y"" 
Direction to Corn^ Westbrook & Especially one fit for a 
corporell. 

the 14 instant went hence volenteers from piscatt* after 
Indian pirets as also sundryes & one Capt Salter from the 
Sholes & 4 men at green Islands, said Salter) since parting 
form his Conserts who arrived here to day ) inform es me he 
meet with the Indian privateer a sconer once of Marblehead 
full of Indians Extraordinary well fitted who Chased them 3 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 213 

hours & she Takes all She Can come up with, so that the 

fishermen dont go East of this place or scarce to sea, with my 

Dutie is what offers from y^ humble Servant 

Samuel Hinckes 
[ Superscribed ] 

To His Honour William Dummer Esq' Cap" Generall 

& Comander in Cheife In Boston 

On His Majestyes Service 

John Wainwright to U. Grov. Bummer 

Ipswich July 13*'^ 1724 
May It please Yo"" Honour 

Just now arrived a fishing shallop from 

the Eastward, the Skipper whereof appearing before me made 

Oath to the inclosed Declaration, which I thought necessary 

to Express to your Honour. 

The Skipper of the shallop informs me & I am apt to be 
of his opinion that there is a great probability of making 
reprizall of the shallop the Indians have taken if not of 
recovering the men & Surprizing Some of them, who are at 
present very bold in Enterprizing & boarding the fishing ves- 
sells on the Eastern Shore, There is a Sufficient Number of 
the ffishermen & other men & vessells now ready, who are 
very willing to go with all the Dispatch & Expedition your 
Honour may please to order down to the Eastern shoar & 
who I am fully persuaded will do their Utmost to decoy &; 
surprize the Enemy, if they may have yo'' Honours Commands 
& Directions therein. 

They may have provisions Ammunition &9 as Soon as 
orders are given therefor. M'' Eveleth the Bearer is able to 
give a more particular Acco* of the matter theres Time will 
allow to inform yo"" Hon"^ in writing 

Y^ Hon" most Obed' humble Serv* 

John Wainwright 



214 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

" Letter to Capt. Durrell " 

Sir 

Having rec'' Advice of sevl' Vessels man'd -with Indians 
infesting the Eastern Coast to the great Disturbance & Loss 
of those concern'd in the Fishery, 

I deske you to draw out 
of your Ships Company fifty or sixty of your ablest men 
which with such Men as I have Order'd to be impress'd here 
& in the Out-Posts to be all under the Command of your 
Lieu* & Lett them forthwith proceed East in three small 
Vessels provided for that Purpose, Lett them keep near the 
Shoar & look into the Harbours as they go along & endeav- 
our to get Intelligence of the Enemy, & decoy them by 
Sounding for Fish & Concealing their Men & such other 
Methods as are proper for that End & by all possible Means 
to find out the Enemy & suppress & destroy them as well as 
any Pirates that may possibly be on the Coast. I do not 
limit you as to the extent of Coast for this Cruize, But leave 
it to you & the Discretion of your Officer how far East he 
may proceed in w*^? he must govern himself accordmg to the 
Intelligence he may meet. If he can hear of the Enemy on 
shoar & his Men be capable of Service that Way Lett Him 
land such a Number of his Comp?' as he shall think fit & 
prosecute the Indians vigorously on the Shoar. If after all 
proper Methods for the Discovery of the Enemy, There be 
no likelyhood of Meeting with them & intercepting them by 
Sea, He must endeavour to find out the Vessels the Indians 
have taken & if practicable secure & bring them off : Put one 
good Officer in each Vessel to be under the Direction of your 
Lieut. & to proceed by his Orders : They must return back 
in thirty Days ; Unless Circumstances shall be such as to 
give great hope of Doing Service by Staying out longer. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 216 

Sir 

I have rec*^ your sev" Letters respecting M' Banes Engage- 
ment & the Marcli of the Forces to Kennebeck River, And 
am well satisfied with the Dispatch you have given to that 
Affair ; There being such a Number of Troops in your Fron- 
tier, I have determined they sh. be employ'd ( after the 
Marches to Norridgewock are over) on an Expedition to 
Penobscot & on the Sea Coast in those Parts. Therefore 
after a proper Time allow'd for the Soldiers Refreshm' you 
are to proceed at the Head of them yourself to Penobscot & 
other Places to the Eastw'^ where it is likely in order to 
w®? the Enemy to gett y^ best Intelligence possible, & to pro- 
ject the particular Circumstances of this Affair & Send to the 
Treas' to furnish you with every Thing necessary & Let me 
know your Thoughts immediately upon it, that so there may 
be no delay. 



Col. T. Westbrook to JJ. Gov. Dummer 

May it please your Honour 

Cap*" Harmon arrived this day with the Fryars 
and Twenty Six Scalps more from Norridgewock and brought 
Bombazees Squaw and three more Indian Captives retook 
three English boys, he Inforraes a great number of Indians are 
comeing on our fronteir Sundry from Canada and Two Hun- 
dred from Penobscutt for a more account I refer to him ; 
They have taken Leiu^ Kenadys Coat at Norridgewock who 
resided at Saint Georges, which makes us doubt they have 
taken the garrison, I am Sending Cap*? Sanders in his Sloop 
strongly guarded to that place and am likewise dispatching 



216 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

orders to all the fronteirs to be strict on their guard. Cap* 
Harmon and the ofificers Judge, that by the modestes Compu- 
tation besides the Scalps and Captives they brought in, what 
they killed and drowned there could not be less then thirty 
or forty, God has now been pleased to Crowni your Honours 
unwearied Endeavours with success, which I desire to rejoyce 
at. I hope y'' Honour will smile on Cap*" Harmon and favour 
him with a Commission for a feild Officer. 

I am your Honours most Dutiful Humble Servant 

Tho? Westbrook 
Falm°Aug* 18*M724 
I have Imprest M^" Dokes Scooner 
to convey Cap^ Harmon to Boston 



Col. T. Westbrook to U. Gov. Dvonmer 

May it please your Honour 

I received your Instructions dated the 25*^^ Curr* on 
the 28*^ Ins* and shall put them in Execution Immediately - 
I hope the Hostages will Pilott us through from Kennebeck 
to Penobscut which will be the best way to get to their Town 
undiscovered - As to Bombazeens widow I have examined 
her and she knows little or nothing about the Penobscut tribe 
and is so sick she is not able to travel. My advice to the 
Inhabitants and orders to the officers has always been not to 
go out with less then Fifteen or Eighteen men or more as the 
occasion may require but the Inhabitants are so obstinate they 
will go out not above Two or three at a time Two or Three 
miles from their garrisons if they cannot all have a guard in 
one day and the Officers of the Militia in each town do not 
take any care to regulate them, they refuse to help in watch- 
ing in their garrisons at night where the soldiers are but Two 
or Three especially the Inhabitants at Perpooduck point I 



OF THE STATE OF MAESTE 217 

acquainted them it was your Hon" orders but they refused 
to comply. There lies this difficulty with me which I can't 
tell how to get over - 

Viz* Wee must have a strong guard with our Whaleboates 
up Kennebeck River lest wee should not get through and be 
obligd to return, neither are wee able ( in Case wee should 
get through) to leave a sufficient number of men to bring 
back the boates to Richmond without weakening the Army 
too much to pursue the march, besides it will be of absolute 
necessity to have some boates on our return with the Sloops 
at the mouth of Penobscutt river to search after the vessels 
taken from the Subjects of this Province w'='* wee cannot have 
unless y® Sloops bring some with them from Boston or unless 
your Honour will please to send Fifty men more for the above 
mentioned designes Wee must have Two Doz? of falling 
axes to make either Rafts or Canoes to get from the Mam to 
the Island where the Indians live and those men that have 
the charge of the Axes must have pistols sent them they not 
being able to carry their guns Packs and Axes there is want- 
ing Thirty or Forty Firelocks for the men already in the 
Service which must be sent Immediately, I shall not be able 
to get the men so soon as my orders direct, to Richmond, by 
reason I sent a Company to releive Georges and Intercept the 
Enemy there and they are in quest of them now by the verbal 
Ace* I had brought me this day from Cap* Sanders who is 
Just come to Richmond from thence and brought a Captive 
Leiu* Kenady redeemed, as y"^ Hon'" will see by the Enclosed 
which is a verbal ace' I received from one of my Sarj*^ whom 
I sent Express to Cap* Heath and Avho met Sanders going 
to Richmond from whom he had the Information — 

When I had ordered the men to Scout at Saint Georges I 
had thoughts y" army would have movVl that way - Here 
being only Docter Bullman that is Capable of marching with 
us and he being very much fatigued I must entreat your 



218 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Honour to send another Docter down to march that he may 
have some respite 

I am your Hon^^ most dutiful! Hum^^ Serv* 
Tho^ Westbrook 
P— S— 

I pray your Honours to excuse every thing amiss for I 
have been writing and dispatching orders from Sun rise till 
Nine a Clock this night so y' my brains is quite Addled 



Letter Lieut. G-ov. Dummer to Secretary Willard 
" Sept. 1, 172/1. " 

Coll? Westbrooks Packett is enough to make one Sick 
what Hee has done allready as well as what Hee further 
insists on seems to tend directly to Confound our hopefull 
designes. What Hee sayes of a Strong Guard for the Whale- 
boat is a mere jest. 10. men is Sufficient for that, What Num- 
ber of Men Can Hee expect to bee there at this time when 
Hee expects so many at Penobscutt. . Those 10 Men with 
the Whaleboats may have a Communication with Richmond 
fforts & Can't be better Imploy'd then by lying at such a 
pass to intercept a Smal Scout of the Enemye. . It was 
Impossible to express in more Strong termes My orders above 
all things that Hee should make no delay & yett Hee seems 
to have no Idea of it. for My part I will write no More to 
Him it's an unaccountable thing that without orders Hee 
should Send away a Number of Men to S^ Georges. I all- 
wayes intended a March to Penobscott as soon as the fforces 
should be return'd from Norridgawalk & therefore would not 
hearken to anything that Could prevent it. 

Pray Commmiicate this Letter to the Bord this Day & 
write a Line to Westbrook that Hee make no further delay & 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 219 

thereby ruine this Project if phaps it bee not allieady ffrus- 
trated by Intelligence gott to the Enimye, & Lett Him give 
such orders to His People about Georges as is necessary if it 
bee not done allready, & if Hee don't incline to go Lett Har- 
man take his Command. The Pistolls axes and Guns you 
say are ready. Pray Coll? Fitch to get the men on Bord & 
Let the Vessell Sail to night or m y** morning. 

Col? Westbrook Sends a long Story of New Projections to 
Amuse us they may bee putt to the Tryal in the Winter 
phaps when we have nothmg else to do but now the is the 
time to finde them in their planting, for thor they may 
have gatherd their Corne by this they have not had time to 
dry it & Carry it away & an old settlement is not Suddenly 
broak up & quite deserted. 

If the Councill are of opinion to stop Winnett & all the 
Annapohs Vessells for two or three days it shall be done 

W Dummer 

Letter John Gray to L\ Gov. Dummer 

Fahu° Sepf y« 8'^ 1724 - 
May It Please your Hon^ 

By a Vessell Bound to Boston I take Leave of 

Obeying your Hon""^ Commands, in Sending My Coniission 

your Hon' was pleased to tell me that you'd alter and Send 

another To me. I Heartyly Congratulate with y? Sr. In The 

Success your Troops has obtained over the Enemy. So may 

you prosper in all y'' Und'rtakins For the general good of 

your Goverment Is, and shall always be the Prayer of Y"" 

Hon" Most Dutiful! & Obedient Ser* Att Comand 

John Gray 
P S 

My hum**"^ Service To Your Lady 

We have no Indian News here 



220 DOCUJIENTAEY HISTORY 

Letter Col. T. WestbrooJc to I}. Gov. Dummer 

May it please your Hon' 

I received your Hon''^ two letters not before 
the Seventh of this In^? One was dated the 28*? of August & 
the other the 1*' of Sep* wherein your Honour blames me for 
haveing a project of my own. I do assure your Hon^ my let- 
ter of the 28*'* was in obedience to your Hon" order to me, 
in your letter of the 6*!^ of Aug*? and was wrote the day 
before my Instructions came and if it should please God that 
I should return from this march, I doubt not but I shall be 
able to satisfie your Hon^ that I have not delayed my time 
Cap* Slocom arrivd the 7*** Curr* with 24 fierlocks w'^? was 
not as many as wee wanted and sundry necessarys as Blank- 
etts shoes stockins &c which the men could not march before 
they had y™ as to the boates I did not expect any for this 
Expedition, but have Swept all garrisons clear of their old 
boates they had to fetch their provision and have been mend- 
ing them night & day ever since I received your Hon" orders- 
I must be obligd to send up part of the body first and a 
party of them to bring back the boates, I hope wee shall be 
on the march near y* time I wrote in my last Falm? Sep* 
8'? 1724 

I am your Hon" most Obed* HumV Serv* 
Tho" Westbrook 
P S 

I did not receive your Hon''? letter of the 6*** 

of August till y« 27*'* of the Same Month 

by the hands of Cap* Gray 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 221 

Col. T. WestbrooJc. to L^. Grov. Bummer 

Dated 60 miles up Kennebeck river on Duramer 
Island on grape Street Just by the great fish 
Market Sep^ 12"' 1724 

May it please y^ Honour 

We sent up part of the army on the 9*"^ Currant not have- 
ing Boates enough to carry us up all at once and arrived with 
the army here the 11'^ of this Instant where wee are detaiud 
by rainy weather - As soon as the weather will gmit we shall 
be diligent on our march which I desire and hope will answer 
your Hon" Expectation - I ordered the Sloops to be at Penob- 
scut in fourteen days from the 11*^ day of this Instant. 

I am your Hon" most dutifull & Humble Serv* 

Tho» Westbrook 
P S 

Written by the pure blood of the grape 
gathered on Dummers Island 

L^. G-ovZ Wentworth to the Lords Commiss^^ for Trade and 

Plantations. 

Right Honorable 

I shall not trouble your Lordships with Copy 
of what wrote the 5**^ of Aprill, hope the Collector" Acco*? 
came safe which is the remaining Six months that makes up 
y* year to the 25*^ June as also Fort William and Mary 
Ace* of Expence of Gun powder to the 5*** day of July 1724, 
I am not yet out of hopes of his Majesties Royall Bounty 
to ffort William and Mary, Our Stock being next dore to 
nothing, it would be a great pleasure to me to see something 
come that way our Trade being small, dos but a little more or 
less, bring the year about sometimes a little Over and other 
Years Under and in case we Should be attack.* by Our Ene- 
mies we have not above one Romid of Gunpowder in the 
ffort. 



222 DOCUMENTABY HISTORY 

I have been greately perplexd in my minde about it. 

The Assembly of this Province Say the people are so 
oppresd with the Indian war that they cant pay the charge 
that ariseth thereby I hope your Lordships will not take it 
amiss in giveing much troble, this affair has been laid before 
your Lordships by Our Agent the last Year and your Lord- 
ships was pleasd to report in our favour, but it Stop't at the 
Board of Ordinance, as I would not be tho't Troblesome, so 
neither would I be Negligent of my Duty in reporting the 
truth, least any Acsident should happen (which God All- 
mighty divert ) for want of recruites about the Midle of the 
last Month Capt Harmon with a party of Troops came upon 
one of the Chiefe of the Indian Towns and about one hun- 
dred & Twenty Miles from the Sea called Noridgeawag, and 
distroyed about one hundred Men, Women & Children, which 
is the greatist slaughter we have made upon them for many 
years, or indeed Even on the Eastern Tribes, I have Joyn*^ 
the Massechuset Governor with fifty Men On a Second March 
to Penobscot, we have found out a new way to Penobscot, 
and So intend to attack em by Sea and land at the same time, 
This Indian war is greately Impoverishing to New Hampshire 
in particular & all the Towns in this Province Excepting 
Portsm? & New Castle are in Close garrison Men Women 
& Children Crowded all to geather, and a full Tenth of the 
whole Province Constantly upon Duty, and Notwithstanding 
all possible cear is Taken Yet Every week some or other is 
Taken Captive or killed So that your Lordships may Judge 
how we are wasteing boath in Numbers, and allso the Impov- 
erishing the pore Inhabitance. I am 

With Greatist respect May it Please Your Lordships, Your 
Lordships Most Obed*' humy? Serv^ 

J : Wentworth 
Province of New Hampshir 
Sept' 12t»' 1724. 



OF THE STATE OF ISLA-INE 223 

Letter U. Gov. Dummer to Mans. Vaudreuil " Sept. 15, 1724- 

S" 

Haveing Lately Seen your protection Commiss to Sebastian 
Ralle I thought it a proper ocation once more to write to you 
& to acquaint you that the Norrigawalke & Penobscott 
Indians are by long & often repeated Submissions the 
undoubted Subjects of the King of great Brittain who also 
living in his Territorys they Cannot bee any otherwise 
Accounted your Alleyes then by Virtue of the Allyance 
between the Crownes of great Brittain & ffrance & that 
therefore you Ought not to Concerne your Selfe in their 
affaires without my pmission & I Cannot but esteem it an 
open Violation of the Treaty of Peace & allyance our Masters 
have entred into for you to Commissionate Him to reside 
amounghst them. And you might as well pretend that y^ 
Protection is sufficient to justify those of y'^f religion m Com- 
mitting the most flagrant Acts of Violence & Hostility in any 
other Parts of this Governmt & whatever disputes there may 
be between us & those Indians Concerning the bounds of that 
Country it does not belong to you to engage your Selfe in 
their quarrell but rather to assist us to reduce them to obed- 
ience, when it shall bee desired but instead of that I am sorry 
wee must Charge you with having animated them together 
& others belonging under your OAvne Government to ffall in 
the most outrageous Manner upon the Subjects of the King 
of great Brittain in all Parts of the ffrontiers of these His 
plantations. I must also add that I have many assurances 
that the Indians would have long since made their Submis- 
sion had they not been Stimulated by your gswations & 
encoraged by the protection & rewards you have given them. 
However I doubt not but Ere this they are Sensible of the 
ruine that is like to fall upon them if they psist any longer 
in their Hostilitys wherefore I resolved againe to recomend 



224 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

to you the good dispositions that ought to be Cultivated 
between the respective Govemours of the Two Crownes that 
are so Strictly united in ffriendship & intrerest that no incon- 
veniency or Jealousys may Arrise by our unequal Conduct 
here & that you'l give no further ocation for these disagree- 
able remonstrances but rather use your influence to the 
Salvages to a Peace & I thinke it proper further to acquaint 
you that we have hitherto restrained our Indian Allyes who 
have expressed great inclinations to revenge the Injurys done 
us upon those whoe abetted our Enemyes but are not sure 
wee shall bee any longer able to do it unless a Spedy Stop 
be made to Such practises. 

Sir Your humble Servant 
William Dummer. 



Letter John Penliallow to U: Gov. Dummer. 

George Town S''^ IG^'^ 1724 
May it please y"^ Hon' 
S' 

Col : Westbrook being indisposed at my Home, Orders 
me to give you an Ace" that he has Diligently Searched after 
the Vessells belonging to this Province ( that were taken by 
the Indians ) but Could find none, we were detained several 
days at the Fox Islands by bad weather, as also in this placer 
The Col : has not as yet rec*^ any Orders from your Honour, 
concerning the Officers going to Boston to make up their 
Rolls, nor how to dispose of the Army. 

I am y^ Hon''^ most Dutifull & most Ob* Humble Serv* 

John Penhallow 
To The Hon^^i« W"' Dummer Esq^ L ! Gov' Comm'- in chief e 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 225 

Letter L*. Grov. Dummer to Col^ Wheelwright 

Boston 18t^ Septem^' 1724 

There is lately come over the lake a very Considerable 
Body of Indians, more then what are Suppos'd to be come 
upon the Western Frontier, tho there be a great Number of 
them there You'l do well to Charge the people within the 
District of Your Regiment, to be very careful when they go 
into their fields, not to expose themselves by going out Weak 
and without Arms, but that they associate in their worke in 
partys of 10 or a Doz. Men well Arm*^ keeping a Centinl with 
their Gims, & I desire You'^ forthwith Acquaint all the Gar- 
risons as far as Cap* Heaths at Richmond, to keep a Watch- 
ful Guard at this Juncture — I am S^ Y"'' Serv* 

W'" Dummer 
Col° Wheelwright 



Letter " i* Gov. Dummer to Col. WestbrooJc. 

Sir, 

I hope this will meet you safe arrived at Falmouth after a 
successful Campaign 

Upon Sight hereof you must forthwith dismiss Cpt. Bournes 
Comp* of Indians & send them hither in one of the Sloops, 
That so they may lose no Time for Following the Whale 
Fishery, w^*" is agreable to my Promise made to them at 
Enlisting. Let Cp* Bourne come with them to see them safe 
returned. 

You must send a Party of fresh men that* have staid at 
Home, in the Garrisons consisting of fifty or sixty effective 
Soldiers to make one more visit to Norridgewock Araeseconti 
& Parts adjacent near Kennebeck & Amerescoggin Rivers in 

16 



226 DOCTJMENTAKY HISTORY 

Order to surprize y® Enemy. It being probable the Corn left 
in tliose Parts or the Hunting may have drawn thither some 
of the Indians that escaped at Norridgewock. 

The other Captains being probably fatigued w*'' y' past 
Marches Let Cpt. Heath have the Command of them & send 
with him other proper Officers & Pilots. Let this Affair be 
proceeded in as soon as possible. 



Sept. 28. 1724. 
May it please your Hon"" 

Wee have got through the body of the County from Rich- 
mond to Penobscut River but either by the willfullness or 
Ignorance of the pilot he brought us near Fifty miles below 
the Indian villages when wee came into our knowledge — 
Wee traveld up the river as high as the falls where there was 
a large River to Cross here wee found the freshetts very high 
by reason of the late rain. The army not haveing more than 
three or four days Provision sundry men haveing lost their 
bread in wadeing the rivers as I acquainted in my last of the 
20**" Currant and sundry men much Indispos'd it was likewise 
Judged that wee could not march to their Village and back 
to the falls where the Sloops were to meet us in less than 
Eight or Nine days whereon wee desisted and waited for the 
Sloops they not being come was oblig'd to go down the River 
in quest of them and verily beleive had not wee found two 
Indian Canoos and sent four brisk men to look for them some 
of the men would have perisht before wee could have got to 
them but the men found them and brought up some boates 
in which we got to them, and the freshet run so strong they 
could not possibly get up the river - Coll" Harmon Cap* 
Moulton, Cap! Wentworth and sundry other officers are so 
much indispos'd that I am oblig*^ to let them go home I shall 
stay with the well part of the Army and search the rivers and 



OF THE STATE OF MAESTB" 227 

sea coves Well before I come off. The officers all desier to 
go to Boston to make up their Rolls and there is great 
necessity that Cap* Moulton and Cap' Bourn go their 
accounts lymg very Intricate I desire your Hon" to make up 
my Roll. 
Sep' 28'^^ 1724 

I am your HonP most dutifull HumW Serv* 
Tho' Westbrook 



" Letter to Mass. Agents in London." 

Gent. 

We desire & direct you to solicit with all proper Earnest- 
ness & Speed the Matters contain' d in the Mem? of the 
Gen'.' Assembly to his MajY sent last Winter to his Excy : 
the Gov^ & by him ( as we are inform'd ) either presented to 
his Majy or laid before one of his Maj'^® Principal Secrys of 
State in Order thereto, A Copy of w''^ Mem° as also of the 
Journal of our Commiss'"? late Conferences with the Five 
Nations at Albany are herewith sent you : 

By w'^? last, together with y*'.'" other Advices from hence, 
You will find how much the Distress of this Province is 
increased, & what little Prospects We have of being brought 
safely & hon^'^ out of the War or having any Assistance to 
prosecute it with Vigour & Success ; The Gov^ of Canada 
having ( as he has threaten'd in his Letters ) drawn many 
remote Nations ; viz. The Hurons & others with whom We 
have never had y" least Concern, into a Confederacy with the 
Eastern Indians ; So that our Western Frontiers have been 
more annoy'd this last Summer than the Eastern, Almost 
every Town in the County of Hamps. One Half in Middx. 
& sev" in Essex being driven into Garrison & much distress'd 
by this new Enemy : And alth6 We have had great Advan- 



228 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

tages over y^ Indians by such a Slaughter of them at Nor- 
ridgewock as has not been known in any of the late Wars, 
Yet by Inaction of the Western Tribes, the Enemy is become 
more formidable than before And the Service in the War & 
the Charges for the Support of it are so heavy as greatly to 
impoverish the whole Province ; & drive away many of our 
Inhab*? to the Neighbouring Colonies : all w*"^ ( Connecticut 
& New Hamps. excepted ) being in perfect Peace & Prosper- 
ity them selves, sit still & see us languishing under all the 
Calamities of War without Affording us any Succour either 
of Men or Money In Consideration of v/"^ You must earnestly 
Supplicate his Majesty That his positive Orders may be given 
to the sev" Governm*^ To furnish & maintain a necessary 
Force for our Assistance in such Proportion as his Majesty 
shall think fit to Order. 

And whereas you will observe by the enclosed Conferences 
That the five Nations have denied to enter with us into the 
War partly under a Pretence of V/aiting an Answer to their 
Message to his Majesty dd with their Belt, & for his Majesties 
Approbation of the Conduct of this Governm* in Declaring 
War, & his allowance of their Engaging m it, You must 
humbly apply to his Maj^ for his gracious Answer to that 
Message, That so the Five Nations may have no such Pre- 
text for Declining this Service, for w*=*' they have given their 
frequent & solemn Engagem*^ & m Prospect of w°^ this Gov- 
ernm* has made great Presents to them w*''' with the sums 
expended in the Treaties with them amount to many Thousand 
Pounds. 

As was before observed to you, You must use your utmost 
endeavours to obtain his Majesties Consideration of this Mem" 
And that he would be graciously pleased to direct his Minis- 
ter at the Court of France so to represent the unjust & bar- 
barous Proceedings of the French Gov' in Encouraging & 
Exciting the Savages to this War, as that effectual Orders 



OF THE STATE OF ISIAINE 229 

may be sent to the said Gov'' & others concern'd not only to 
withdraw their Assistance & Countenance from the S^ Indians 
in the Prosecution of their Hostilities, but to use their Influ- 
ences y* for y* future they live in Peace with his Majesties 
good Subjects in these Prov. And unless such Orders be 
given & effectually complied with There seems to be no other 
Method left us for puttmg an End to this ruinous War than 
We shall be obliged in our own necessary Defence to pursue 
the Enemy into the French Territories where they are not 
only shelter'd but rewarded for their Barbarities. 

" And if matters sh? come to this Extremity with us, We 
cannot promise the French ( who have been the Fomenters of 
this War ) better Quarter than the Indians, This last Hint 
you will observe & make what Use of it the State of our 
Affairs will require & admit of. 

And if there be no Prospect of any speedy Relief by such 
Order to the French Gov"" ; You must endeavour to know his 
Maj'* Mind as to what is hinted to you respecting the Pursuit 
of y® Enemy into the French Territories : You will give us 
the speediest Advices you can as to these Particulars, And 
unless such Orders be given & effectually complied with or 
Liberty given us to carry the War into the French Countrey 
& distress them as they have done us, We can see no 
Method that will save us from Ruine 



Letter Joseph Heath to L*. Gov. Bummer. 

Richmond Octob' 7^'> 1724. 
Honourable 

S' Having Your Honours Permission I was on the 
way to Boston But meeting an order from L! Colonl Harmon 
to march to neridgwalk Ammisquenty &c am attending that 
Service, Ready to march assoon as the Quoto of men 



230 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

appointed are Delivered me And Rejoyce in this Oppertunity 
you are pleased to give me. 

This Accompanies the three Mohawks v/lio returning from 

Penobscut were got as far as Falmouth in the way to Boston 

before my marching Orders came & so could not returne back. 

I have Lay? before the Treasurer an acct of what provision 

& other necessaryes I supply? them with 

It's Obvious to all the Army that these Mohawks proved 
them selves good men in the Late action at Neridgawalk 
Since which they have met with some Rough Treatment And 
in case they should not be made Easey with the method of 
Dividing the Captives & scalp money ( which now they are 
not) I Doubt the Consequence will not be good. Thus much 
I thought it my Duty to premize to your Honour and Beg- 
ging pardon if I have Ignorantly Exceded 

Remaine Your Honours Most Hum^^' Obedient Servant 

Joseph Heath 
[ Superscribed ] 
On His Majesties Service 
To The Hon''^'' William Dummer Lieu*^ Governour 
& Commander in Chief &c In Boston 
g Cap* Giles 



Letter James Parker to L\ Grov. Dummer Oct. 15, 1724- 

May It please y'' Hon"^ 

I rec*^ y"^ Letter & with all Thankfulness acknowledge y"^ 
Hon'^ favour In granting me Liberty to make my Deffence 
before you'd proceed against me. I am Sensible Major 
Moodey hath no great affection for me. but w'^ Endeavour to 
Ruin me were it in his power, occasioned by an Old Grudge 
he has to me. The Select men of y* town of Falm"' gave me 
a permitt to sell Drmk In October 1723 and I did presume 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 231 

to sell by vertue of 3^'' Authority Designing to take licence as 
soon as y® Court usually granting Licences sh'^ come about, 
never y^ less I was present'^ & y® Court notwithstanding my 
permission from y* Select men proceeded against and fined 
me wh. I p? This is w* refers to y'' first Conviction. Con- 
cerning my Recognizeing & y^ forfieture by my Default, I 
never did Recognize nor know any thing of It. But upon 
y? new Complain' I have waited upon Maj'' Moodey time 
after time for y® papers & Coppys of y® Evidence If any Such 
y" be against me that so I may be able to make my deffence 
to the Court, but he tells me I am a Rogue & a Dogg & he'l 
give me none nor take any notice of me. I have waited upon 
him since I rec''^ y'' Letter & y® matter is still y® same And 
for my Endeavour to Elude y® Law as he hath misrepresented 
to y' Hon' by my Enlisting into y'' Service there was time 
Enough before such Enlistment for prosecution. If not I 
have Estate Enough for to answer all such forfietures or 
bonds of Recognizance as shall apear ags^ Me. So y** Sum 
of y® Whole Seams to be y* he was In hopes y' y'' Hon'' w'* 
have granf^ my Dismission without giveing me notice of It. 
Not y*- he was so strenuous to bring me to y® Court. Other- 
wise he w^ not have denyed me y® Copys, but to do me a 
displeasure by misrepresenting to y' Hon'' y"^ Hon'"8 most 
Hum^* & Obedient Serv* 

Jamea Parker 
Falm»? S'^Jy^ 15*^ 1724 



Letter Sam} Hincks to L\ Gov. Dummer 

Hon'i S-^ 

The 8"' instant in the Evening, Ten indians way layed 
The path near 3 garrisen houses in This town and Killed 
one Allen a Soldier ( posted at Casco ) sculped him & carryed 



232 DOCTJMENTARY HISTORY 

his habbit & gun away & shot at a Boy who Escaped, and 
directly I alarumed The Town & adjacent places who all 
Took itt. at Saco falls we heard one great gun fired who 
cannot hear us. but Can't Learn The meaning, as yet Their is 
m' parker up Their Loading, & I fear This Scout surprized 
Them. 

Corr^ Harman some Dayes since, passed This Harbour, 
westward, with other officers. Corr^ Westbrook is Expected 
Every Day & in The Sloop this Comes is Capt Born with his 
Indians, we have Lost no man in This march but are Dis- 
appointed 

Your Honours humble Servant 
Samuel Hincks 
Fort Mary : Winter Harbour Oct' 9^^ 1724 

[ Superscribed ] 
To His Honour William Dummer Esq'^ 
Leiutt Gov^ Comand' & Cheife// In Boston 



Letter L^. Gfov. Dummer to Cap* Wheelwright 

Bost 17"^ Nov^' 1724 
I received your Letter by Express this Morning & you are 
hereby directed Immediately to draw out of the Souldiers 
Posted at York & Wells 50 good Men Well armed & Sup- 
plyed with Sutable proviss. for 5 Dayes or more if need bee 
& with them to March forthwith to Piggwacot in Search of 
the Indians Liveing there According to the relation you have 
from the Captive Peter Tallcott who made his Escape from 
them & is arived with you whome likewise Stephen Harden 
or such other person or gsons as shall be knowing of the 
place & the Way to it & the Officer Commanding at Yorke 
is hereby Order' d without delay to furnish his part for this 
Service which 25. Men. & inasmuch as the Success in this 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 233 

Expedition will in a great Measure depend under God on 
your dilligent dispatch & I expect from you that the uttmost 
Care bee taken therein. 

So wishing you good Success I am y 

P. S. You are to take with you M' Allison Brown of 
Cape porpus who is hereby Authorized to Act as Your Lieu^ 
& inasmuch as You may probably not be Able to Muster the 
whole Complement of fifty good & able Men fit for the Ser- 
vice out of the Two towns aforemention'd L* Brown is hereby 
Directed to bring with him 10 or 12 good Men from his 
Detachment to make up your Number. 
Cap' Wheelwright 



Letter John Sshuyler to L*. Q-ov. Dummer. 

honoured S^// 

Some Time agoe one Mons' Daguiell, of mont Reall 
was here in Albany by whom I forwarded Your honours Let- 
ter to marq* Vaudreuiell - 

1 had at y® Same time Some descours with said Daguiell 
Concerning y® warrs between New England and y^ Indians I 
Told him of y' unjustice and barbarity of y" warr, and Some 
further discourse Thereabouts, which it Seems s*^ daguiell 
has partly Imparted unto Monsieur Lachassaigne Govern"^ of 
mont Reall as I Can perceive by a Letter I Recei*^ of Mons'' 
Lachassaigne g the bearer hereof that Mons" Vaudreuill is 
very sory and weary of that warr and as far as I can perceive 
would willingly See one or two gentlemen Inpoured by New 
England Gov" to Endeav"^ to make an End of that warr 
which v/ould bee Very Acceptable in Canada, by this Con- 
veyance Goes a Letter For Your honour from Gov"" Vaudreuill. 

here are now some French Indians in Towne I designe to 
keep two of y" about a 14 days or Longer which I Can Easy 



234 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

doe for Little or no Charge if his honour may write an 

answer to Gov' Vaudreuill upon his Letter that I Can Soon 

dispatch itt. 

This is att gsent y* most needfull from 

Your honours most humb^ Serv**^ 

John Schuyler 
Albany 21*'^ Nov' 1724 -^ 



Letter, Gov. W'"' Burnet of N. Y. to L\ Giov. Bummer. 

New York 16^? DeC" 1724. 
S^ 

I received the favour of yours of the 30^? Nov' by the 
Express, on the 14*? at Night, and have made all convenient 
Dispatch to return you an Answer, after that I had taken the 
Opinion of the Council which you will find enclosed, and in 
which Opinion I cannot but agree with them, Since I look on 
the Threatning the French Governour with the Insults of our 
friend Indians, in Case of his not complying, tho expressed 
ever so cautiously, naturally makes us responsible for what 
they may do. 

And by our threatning to pursue the Eastern Indians 
to the uttermost, must be understood into Canada, which will 
be entring that Country in a hostile manner ; and this my 
Instructions expressly forbid in these words. 

" Provided always that you do not by Colour of any power 
" or Authority hereby given you, commence or declare War 
" without our knowledge and particular Commands therein, 
" except it be against Indians upon Emergencys, wherein the 
" Consent of the Council shall be had, and speedy Notice 
" thereof given unto us. 

And as to entering into a War with the Eastern Indians it 
is what Assembly of this Province did in 1722. refuse to con- 
tribute to, which Resolution of theirs I then commimicated 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 236 

to your Government, and therefore need not now send you a 
Copy of it. 

Under these Circumstances, a Message to the Governour 
of Canada, which this Government is not able to support by 
any one Action, in Case of Refusal, would be not only of no 
use, but of very ill Consequence by acquainting him with our 
feebleness. 

I see no reason to expect that our Assembly will be pre- 
vailed upon to alter their Resolutions, But I cannot have an 
opportunity of trying that, till after Harvest next, it being 
impracticable to meet them while the River continues shut 
up, and the Affairs of New Jersey obliging me to meet that 
Assembly in the Spring : So that upon the whole, tho' my 
wishes and Intentions are to serve your Province to the 
utmost of my Power, I find myself intirely incapable of join- 
ing with you in the present Proposal, or any part of it : Being 
with great Esteem, 

S"" your most obedient humble Servant 
W Burnet 



Letter Hez. Wyllya SecV of Conn, to L\ Qov. Bummer 

Hartford DecembT 22 ^ 1724 
S' 

I have Received yours of November 30*** with the Enclosed 
Referred to therein and Wish that a Copy of the Act of Your 
Assembly respecting the Message to Canada had also been 
Inclosed which Your Hon! Can Yet Supply. 

I have Advised with the Gentlemen of the Councill that I 
could ( at this Season with Convenience Speak with and am 
not Unsenceible of the great difficulty and Charge the Warr 
with the Eastern Indians hath bro* upon the whole Province 
under Your Coinand I Wish this Government were able to 



236 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Render the Circumstances of Your Province ( in that affair ) 
more Easie but as to what Your Hon^ Intimates respecting 
Sending Messengers to Canada Altho' that project Seemeth 
Likely to make Mons' Vaudrevill Senceible that his Conduct 
Can! be Justifyed neither will it well Support the french 
Cause when the Same Methods shall be Taken by New Eng- 
land against Canada the Letting Loose the Indians ( as Inti- 
mated in Yours ) will doubtless give Conviction when those 
things proper to Convince Reason fail And therefore tis to 
be hoped at Sight of it at a distance as Represented by Mes- 
singers may do something with that Governour. 

But Yet would further propose to Your Hon" Advisement 
whether it may not be proper to Close the Message to M. 
Vaudrevill with a representation that it it is very Apparrent 
that our Indian Enemy have Such a dependance on him to 
Support them in the Warr that he Can Easily reduce them to 
Quietness and that his Exerting himself in So good a Work 
( as reduceing those Indians to Order would be ) may hapily 
prevent many Mischieffs that Seem to Threaten us as well as 
the people under his Comand. 

And also give us a Speciall Instance of his good Neigh- 
bourhood and if this or any thing Else proper to Insert in 
the Message to the Governor of Canada might gaine him to 
Influence the Indians to peace it would be well but if he 
Should Shght the Motion of being an Instrument to gain a 
peace for us I think he would Still be the Less Excusable 
and must Thank himself when he is Saught by other Means. 

But Yet after all must Let Your HonT know that it is not 
in my power with the Councill to Comply with Your desire 
And if I Should Call our Assembly together ( who Can only 
Authorize a person to go upon the Errand You mention I 
fear the Same Scruples [ as when Col° Stoddard was with 
us) will Still be Started which were principally two. first 
that the Indians had been wronged in their Lands- Secondly 



OF THE STATE OF ]MAINE 237 

that the Hostages received by Your Government of the 
Indians were only to Secure the payment of Some Beavour 
which the Indians Say they have Since paid and therefore 
the Warr not Just on the Enghsh Side. These things our 
people have had Confirmed to them by Many persons ( and 
Some of distinction ) of Your Government I would Charitably 
hope these reports are wholly groundless I should be very 
Unwilling to Entertain Such things without the Clearest 
proof. Notwithstanding which in Order to Sattisfy our 
Assembly possibly it may be best to Send to me the fullest 
Accounts that may be Come at Our late Very Hon*^* and 
Excellent Governor Col° Saltonstall Sometime before his 
death received One of Your Treaties with the Eastern Indians 
which now Can* be found doubtless Your Treaties and other 
Writings respecting the Eastern Lands if Comunicated to our 
Assembly might be of Service and a Copy of the Entiy made 
when the Said Hostages were delivered up (which Entry 
Certainly doth Include what they were received for) will 
Certainly Sattisfy our Assembly how the Matter is as to the 
Hostages Y"" Hon^ won* think it Strange that there is Need 
to Sattisfy our Assembly in these things when You Consider 
our people had the Said reports from Among Your Selves as 
is above hinted and that what persons Confess against them- 
selves is Easily beleived and in many things there wants no 
other proof I have Insisted the more Largely that if possible 
I might prevent all difficulties for I would Always Cultivate 
that good Understanding that hath been between the Two 
Governments. 

By Order of the Governo'' of the Colony of Connecticut 
Signed p' Hez : Wyllys Secrefy 
[ Superscribed ] 

To The Honourable William Duiuer Esq"^ L* Gov"^ 

of the Province of the Massachusetts Bay 

att Boston These 



238 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter Col. T. Westbrook to L\ Col. Johnson Harmon 
Bee. 29, 1724. 

Sir 

It is his Hon^ the Leiu* Gov" order, on sight hereof you 
give orders that all the frontier garrisons under y^ Care be 
strict on their guard, and that you order a Scout of men from 
Pesomscutt River to Saco River, some distance above those 
Towns, And let a Scout of Fifty men be constantly kept 
from Saco River a Cross to Berwick, some considerable dis- 
tance, ( not exceeding Twenty Miles ) above the Scout that 
are already allow'd to those people, a Loggin at Berwick and 
Saco River, and in Case you hear of the Enemy, you are to 
draw out a sufficient number of men according to the Intelli- 
gence you receive and pursue them. Cap* Sanders will Sail 
this week for York with a Sufficient number of Snow Shoes 
and Moggisons. & in the Mean time you Must Make a Shift 
with those that are in the Hands of the Commissary at Casco 
which the Treasurer Acquaints the Leu. Governour are about 
One hundred as well as those in the several Towns where 
they are lodg'd 
Boston Decem'^ 29. 1724 

I am Sir yours to Serve 

Tho« Westbrook 
To L* Col" Johnson Harmon at York 
A True Coppy 



Letter - Thomas Sanders to L\ Q-ov. Bummer 

Agemogen Reach Febr^ 18*? IT 25 
May it Please your Honour 

Pursuant to your Honours Orders I made the 
best Dispatch I cou'd to land the Indians at this place, but 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 239 

not finding any Indians here We fir'd two Gunns and the 
next day six Indians came to us who inform'd that the Tribe 
was at Mount Desert. We thereupon made sail and went up 
irrto a large Bay on the Back of Mount Desert where we 
found them. When they had done trading they Consented 
to our Departure and the twentieth of JanY we sail'd for S* 
George's. Night coming on We harbour'd in Agemagen 
expecting next day to have gain'd S* Georges but contrary 
to what the Indians told us & our own Expecta;tions we were 
wholly debarred moving by reason of Ice. The Weather 
continuing extream cold at times we are still detaind but the 
first oppertunity I shall make all possible Dispatch home. 
Sundry of the Indians came seven or eight miles on the Ice 
to trade with us and as far as we can discover there is only 
Ice to be seen. I have no news to Communicate to your 
Hon*^ so Conclude and am 

Your Hon" most Dutifull & Obedient Serv* 

Thomas Sanders 



Letter Edmund Mountfort to X* Gov. Dummer 

Agemogen Reach Feb^y 18*'' 1725/6 
May it please your Hon'^ 

These Serve to Enclose a Letter delivVl me by the Cheifs 
of the Ind".^ for your Hon' And as we are frozen up here I 
tho't it proper to send it by the first Opportunity not know- 
ing but it was of importance ; the Indians seem to be very 
well Satisfied in y' Trade ( but by preswasion of the Jesuit ) 
disapprove of some Artickles in their Submission ; but Cap' 
Beane being present found y* he misinterpreted them ; & he 
inform'd you of the true meaning yr of w*''' was to their Sat- 
isfaction ; the weather hitherto has been very Cold and all 
the bays are so frozen y' y^'s no moving by water unless out 



240 DOCUMENTAHY HISTORY 

to the Sea ; having nothing farther at present to Add I Con- 
clude & Am 

Y^ Hon" Obedient Humble Serv* 
Edmund Mountfort 



Falmoth March y» 3 1725/6 
May it please your Honour y^ 26 of febuary theire came in 
fourteen Indens to S^ Georges and brought the express 
which accompanyes this and I as soon as posibel brought it 
to falmoth but through some Diffecelty for wee drew our 
boate ten miles on y^ Ice for I was obliged to make our num- 
ber of men smaller by reason of our Stores being spent wee 
have not had anything but bread above this month and but 
little of that for wee depended on Cap* Sanders and he being, 
disappointed Cap* Gyles sent his Leu* to take charge of the 
garison but I thought it not proper to deliver it by reason of 
so much Ice m y^ river that I could not bring of y' men and 
my things : I hope it will not bee long before Capt Gyles will 
bee dowTi with y^ sloope and I shall deliver y^ Garison to his 
sattisfaxshon and shall hasen to Boston to waite upon your 
Honour. 

I am your Honours most humbel and obedient Servant att 

Command 

William Canedy 



Albany March 22*^ 1725 
Hon^i« S' 

Yours of y^ 16 Instant I have Received Last Night with 
y* Franch Packet. 

I have been Very Much Wondert I had not a Line from 
y' Honour Since I must be Some times at a Littel charges. 
Ever Since I have heard of y' Pease Made with y* Indians 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 241 

I have always Inquier'd to heare of y® S* France Indians but 
Cant Gitt no Other Intelligence from them but that there 
Designe is to Come to Albany in Order to Make Pease with 
your Honour Some time in June Next, but its Not to be 
Trusted it is Only flying Neuws 

I have Consiedert y*' Case & take it to be y® Proper Meanes 
& to send Two Discreet faithfull Pearsons to Gitt it Out of 
them who will be the Bearer of the Packet and Dont Doubt 
but they Will Come to a Certain Knowledge thereof, I 
Remain 

Your Honours Most Huni and Most Obedient Sarv* 

John Schuyler 
To the Honi Will : [ Dummer ] 



Letter S. Thaxter cf* W. Dudley to L^ Qov. Bummer 
March 26, 1725. 

May it Please your Honour 

This is the first oppertunity we have and this obtained by 
Secrecy & great Dificullty by one Cagnawaga mdian only 
which is to informe Your Honour & y® Goverment that all 
the easterne Indians were gone before we arrived here which 
was on the third Day of this month after much hardship & 
Dificulty and that the Designe of those Indians were to hunt 
some time & then to fall on the frontiers we pray God to 
Defeat & blast all their Designes if the frontiers particu- 
larly on Merrynack & Connecticutt were at this juncture 
strengthned itt might be for their Security and of great Ser- 
vice to the facilitatig the Peace with them we cannot parti u- 
larly Relate the treatment we have had here where we mett 
the Governour we have made our Demands and in as Strong 
terms as we can the Governour most of all insists on their 
land and is intirely Governed by Pere La Chace the chief of 

16 



242 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Jesuitts we have Sent Down Captain Jordan to the 
Indians places St Francois, Recancourt, Wewenock &c where 
he Saw a few indians and many Squaws they all aquainted 
him the indians were for Peace & Desire us earnestly to Stay 
for the indians Returne We have aquainted the Governour 
on his talk leading that way that the Goverments Desired no 
Grace or favour of him butt Demanded only justice and if he 
was not for that & would cause the indians to go to Boston 
or piscataqua to talk of & conclude a just honest & honorable 
Peace he must be looked on by God & man as the instigator 
of the warr which we could & Did prove by his & other 
letters and the hinde'' of Peace Sometimes he tells us he has 
nothing to Do then again he is angry if any thing is Done or 
Said without him and Refuces to give his answer in writeing 
to our Demands in writeing how this matter will come out 
we cannot yett tell but hope for the Best if the Governour 
had that Stedyness & Sway he Ought only to have we should 
have nothing to Doubt. ^ 

We shall Dispatch as Soon as possible and gett home 
again And in the mean while we are your 

Honours most Obedient hmble Serv** 
Sam" Thaxter 
W Dudley 



Mont Reall 26 march 1725 

verte 
Honble S"^ 

Col Thaxter and all the Gentlemen are in good health & 
pray the favour that our family & f rinds may know the Same 
and that we hope to be back by the middle of May at furthest. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 243 

Letter John ^ Hannah Hunt to L^. Grov. Dummer 
March 30, 1725 

To the Hounorable L^* Goviner William Dumer Esqyr 

Ouer Humble Request to your Honer is that your honer 
wold Relase Ouer Son Jacob Hunt Hov is now att Richman 
fort for I am In grate wont of him I being uary Lame and 
haue no help and all so Line uary Remote thearefore wold 
Pray your Honour to Consider me And Haue him Relased 
as Soon as Posoble and we wold Pray Your Honor to Send 
uss A Return whether ouer Request may be granted and in 
So doing you Will much oblige your Honours most Humble 
Saruants Dated att Almsbury March : y« 30 : 1725 - 

John Hunt 
Hannah Hunt 



Letter, Col. T. Westhrook to L*. Gov. Bummer April 4, 1725. 

May it Please your Hon""/ 

Cap' Bourn will be able to acquaint your HonT 
relating what I wrote from Spurwink the twenty eighth of 
last April, I sending him and L* Dominions Jordan to make 
Discovery. I have Enquired into the Affair of JVI"" Benj* 
York mentioned in your Hon" Letter Dated April y* 5*^ and 
by Examining your Hon" Orders to me from time to time 
there is no men Allow'd him neither did the General Court 
vote him any in the Year 1723. Six men has been Allow'd 
at the Ferry Place and upon Enquiry I find by the Coll? of 
the Regiment and the Select men of the Town that M"" Saw- 
yers is the Establisht Garrison. Their houses standing not 
above three hundred Yards distant I thought it best to put 
part of the men in one house and part in the other and M"" 
Sawyer having five and York but three York is thereupon 



244 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

uneasy. I posted five men at M'' Sawyers because the Cap* 
and Doct' are there and the Doct^ has Occasion very Often 
to cross the River to Visit the Sick. 

I am Your Hon''^ most Dutifull Serv* 

Falrn^ April y« 4»^ 1725 

Tho* Westbrook 
P. S. The Enclosd is the List of the ineffective men 

which I omitted to send with the other Account. 



Letter- L\ Q-ov. Dummer to Col. Westbrook 

Aprill 5*? 1725. 
Colo^ Westbrook 

I have two of yours of the 17**' past & one of the 27 ''^ 
recv** yesterday, the Councill have voted X12 - & no more 
towards the repairing of Georges ffort w*^^ you are to husband 
to the best advantage In making the Lodgings Comfortable 
for the people & having visited your ffamily lett the next of 
the Sloop in the Comitrys Service that goes east ward take in 
the Boxes & Nailes At Saco Mills & You may go down with 
them to see the repairs gformed as you proposed & as far as 
<£12 - You may draw on the Treasurer for the s"* service 
rendering an Ace? thereof Cap* Canada acquaints me that he 
has made the Wharfe allready which you spake of, to whome 
for his good Service in gallantly defending that Fort I have 
given a Commission for the same. 

Gett all your Whaleboats mended that are Capable of it 
( for it Will take time to gett New ones ) & order a party of 
about 50 men under a dilligent prudent Oflicer do^Tie to 
Penobscott Bay & as much further as you shall think for 
the Service especially at Passamaquoddy where y"^ Lett^ 
mforms the Indians have bin y*^ last Winter under such 
orders as if well Executed they May by Gods blessing Sur- 
prise some of the Enemys if there be any of them there I 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 245 

have wrote a Letter to all the Collonells m y* E. & W. to 

warn the People to be on their gaurd & to go out in Com- 

panys to their Work well Armed. I finde you have sent out 

divers parties of about 14 Men to Ambuscade the Indians in 

their lurking places it will be well if they gform it patiently 

& faithfully which I recoraend to you to inspect well into & 

that they be releived from time to time by Fresh parties so 

as their Ambuscade be Continued without intermission untill 

you have further orders & that you require of the Several 

officers an Account of what passes in their turne, «& minute 

down every thing any wayes worth notice. 

You shall hear further from me very Soon. I shall be glad 

when Cap" Vo : with the Indians he promised to bring 

with are come to Penobscott. You shall hear from me in a 

Short time pray do every thing thats possible to keep us the 

Territory of the Enemy 

I am s' Y^ friend & S* 

Wm Dummer. 



Letter John Gyles to Col. Westbrook 

fort George April 14 : 1725 
CoP° Westbrook 

April 13"" an Indian Dogg appeard on y^ North side of y'' 
River, a Gainst fort George, which my People shott, & by y® 
Carkes of it is not Long since, it straid from y" Indians, 
whear vpon I ordred a Larom to Notify y® a iecant (Jarricons 
to be on thier Guard, for in my Opinion y' huntars or a small 
scout of Indians ar sculking a boute & Came Down this River, 
if it might Pleas, a small Party of men to Reng Might — 

This is from your humble Sar* to Command Jolm Gyles 
S"^ since I wrote y° a boue,- I Reed an a(;com|)t 
from Maquaitt y' a soldiar is missing, & Supposd 
to be taken 



246 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter L\ Grov. Dummer to Col. T. Westbrooh 

This Comes by M' Moses Markham your Clerk Who 
informes me that Hee has On divers Occations been Imployd 
by you in Affairs relateing to the Service wherein there has 
been no allowance - for his Expences which seems not reason- 
able & I think Hee should Make out a Just Account thereof 
Which being Avouched by you will doubtless bee Allowed 
him by the Government. & if you have Supplyed the Birth 
Hee had with you by any other g son & there be any other 
vacancy Sutable for Him Lett him have it. 

I am Y^ friend & S* 
Wm Dummer 

Letter, John Gyles to L\ Gov. Dummer 

May it Pleas your Honour 
April 15 : 1725 

this Day a Soldier taken from Maquaitt Made 
his Escape to this Garrisson, who in forms me y* he was taken 
by two Indians y® 13 Currant, one of spake good English &l 
askd him many questions Particuler Concarning myself & 
this fort, he being well acquainted with. & tould him he kild 
Moses Eaton, & a negro & an English Man at black Point, & 
he tould him y^ six Indians wear now gon towards falmouth 
to kill & take, and y^ our Genhnen Commitionars wear 
Returnd from Canaday, and y' y* Indians wear Resolved for 
war. & y* Many Indians & Mohewks would be Down this 
summar to Destroy y® English & thier Cattle, and now thier 
wear 50 or 60 Indians with a friar at Naraugawock, & seueral 
Indians at a Vilig Vp this Riuer, ( Part of his Discours I take 
to be. f rench Aier, tho My humble opinion is as I mention*^ in 
my mean Lins, to your Honour Dec^'' 12: 1724 Date) the 
Sund night after y^ Presonar was taken, y® aboue s^ 2 Indians 



OF THE STATE OF ]MAINE 247 

after hunting & killing Seueral beauer & authers in y* 
Euning they being tird, then Camp* about 15 or 20 Mils Vp 
this Riuer a boue our fort, and when sound on sleep, y^ youth 
James Cochron y^ Presonar, Ris & nockt them bouth in y* 
head, & took of thier sculps one of he brought to this Garri- 
son y^ auther lost by y® way, and a fin gun in a small Riuer 
Passing ouer, I aduised y® Presenar to giue a full accompt 
of to y® CoP^ by y® first he being now much tired, I have also 
Rote a gain to y® CoP' of affears since y^ Presonar Came in. 

I though also to send to Cap*" heath for Men, to go up & 
secure y® Canew & authers, that y^ Presenar Left w^^ y" Corps 
of, but it being difucult Sending to Ritchmond, I thought it 
Proper to mustar a few hands of my Little number & from 
Maquaitt, to Prevent y* auther Indians getting y® Plunder. 
April 18*'' this Day our People went Vp y* Riuer to Vew y® 
Indians corps & bring of y* Plondar and if any further 
Discouery. 

April IT**" then Returned, but no fur ther Discoury, they 
brought of y** auther gun hatchets kniues & Stove y® Canew 
brought y® auther sculp, skins & in all to y* Value of 6 or 8 
Pounds. 

I have often Prayed for a Reinforcement of men to this 
Garrison, to scout & ambush this Riuer & auther Places 
which Depending on authers for it. I now renew my humble 
Request for your Honours feauer to this Garrison, 
fort George April le*'^: 1725: 

I am your honours Most Dutyfull seruant 

John Gyles 

I inclose a Copy of a few Lins to CoP" Westbrook of our 
f urst Discouery of y^ Enimy 

//y® Indians also tould y® Presenar, y* Jn° Legon & more 
Indians wear to y** westward, & by & by go kill English, but 
Samson Leagon his brother was at Canaday, which y^ Pres- 
onar furst Enquired after Samson Le°. — 



248 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

//the Indians tould y® Presonar they took a Vew of this 
fort furst, but seeing no ( Raspict ) of, went to Maquaitt thier 
Lay all night by y® garrison, & in y^ morning Dog*^ y® soldiar 
a bout 3,^ or a mile distant, then took him as they said, y® 
Presonar advised them to go back to y® garrison, & take an 
auther they s^ no, a nough Now & struck a ( Coross ) to this 
Riuer, towards thier Canew, as y^ Presonar says — 

Pray Pardon my Long Scralls. 



York 16"^ April 1725 
May it Please Your Hon^ / 

We have no Accomit of the Enemy at present, 
but fear they are endeavouring to be reveng'd on us for their 
Brethren, I hope our constant putting Your Hon*"? Orders in 
practice will prevent them. I have no Sloop yet arrived 
here with Stores to send down to the Eastward according to 
Your Hon""? Orders to distress them which I was in hopes I 
should have had some time ago. Lieu' Jaques has been for 
some considerable time past very desirous with me to write 
to your Hon^ for his Dismission which at last has prevail'd 
he assuring me of his great necessity to be with his business 
and what damage he shall sustain if not granted L' Coll? 
Harmon tells me he had Your Hon''.^ word to dismiss him 
when his business earnestly call'd for hun which it doth at 
this time. Both of them thankfully Acknowledge Your Hon'"? 
favours to them from time to time. If Your Hon"^ shou'd be 
pleas'd to Dismiss Lieu' Jaquesh and Commissionate En! 
Carlile in his room Lieu' Coll° Harmon informs me he will 
be very agreeable to him, and I do assure your Hou^ I have 
known him ever since I have been in the Service and have 
always found him a modest and sober Young man and very 
ready & faithfull on all Commands The last Orders I rec*^ 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 249 

from Your Hon' were dated the 1(3"' of last Month. Having 
nothing more that offers worth Your Hon" notice 

I remain Your Hon" most Dutifull Serv* 
Tho* Westbrook. 
P. S. Lieu* Coll? Harmon is very desirous if Your 
Hon! shou'd order any Sloop to guard the Fishery that 
he may Command her. 

I have askd leave some time ago to go home for a few 
days my busmess there being very urgent but have not 
yet rec? Your Hon" Smiles. 



Letter U. Grov. Dummer to Capt. Bane ''April 17, 1725.'" 

Cp* Bane. 

You must acquaint Sackaristis & the other Indian That at 
the Desire of Sackamaten ( as well as their own ) & allso M'' 
Minotts motion I permit them to visit their Friends & Fami- 
lies Upon their Promise to return again punctually m Fifty 
Days : That Sackamacten has much recommended him self to 
me by his Honesty & Faithfulness and therefore I shall 
alwaies treat him well, as I shall them If they prove them 
selves as faithful as he has done. 

That Sackamacten has inform'd me That the Indians are 
desirous of Peace, If they find so, when they come among 
them And any of the Chiefs are disposed to come in to treat 
they may bring them in upon their Return & the Chiefs shall 
be well received & dismiss'd with Safety ; That We shall be 
very ready to receive their Submission & let them live in 
Peace if they are desireous of it, Altho God has given us 
great Success against them of late. And our Soldiers are now 
so well trained & used to the War & have so good a Knowl- 
edge of the Indian Countrey, That We doubt not but that by 



250 DOCUMENTABY HISTORY 

the Help of God we shall force them to submit, If they con- 
tinue obstinate : But we don't delight ui War any otherwise 
than as the Injuries they have done us make it necessary. 

That if the Indians have any Distrust of being safe in 
Coming in Because of our March to Penobscot & Cpt. Heaths 
burning the Houses, They make a wrong Judgment of y® 
matter, they must not expect that I shall at all slaken the 
Prosecution of the War till their Chiefs come in : And that 
is the Method of all wise Governments, but when they come 
in y^ Name of their Tribes & express their sincere desires for 
peace then they may depend on it I will desist from all fur- 
ther Acts of Hostilitye & give orders Accordingly to all the 
fforces everywhere. 

Be very careful to make them fully & clearly understand 
you. 

Would have You to let nothing hinder You from Return- 
ing to S* Georges Fort So as to Receive the Indians at their 
Return thither To which purpose I have also Wrote the 
Colonel. 



Letter John Minot to L\ G-ov. Bummer 

Portsm" Apri 20**^ 1725 
May it Please your hon'/ 

/ Having formerly tacken some minets of a Conference 
that I had with twenty of the Eastern Indians that were 
heads of those Tribes, my buissness allowing me a Leasure 
hour and hearing of y® many miseryes and callamityes that 
acrew by reason of this unhappy Warr I think it a Duty 
incumbent on me to give your hon^ a relation of it ; It was a 
few months before I left that part of y* Countrey that if 
your Hono"^ should be so happy as to have a Treaty with 
them some things might be Effeckted that I have a great 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 251 

Assurance would be for y^ promoting & Establisliing a Last- 
ing peace and being Assured of your having the Publick 
good so much at heart & my rearl freindship and Intimacy 
with those people imboldens me to write, One morning as I 
was walking in y® town I met one of y^ Saggamores he tould 
me there was a Com^ of Indians that desired to speake with 
me, when I came to them I found the number before 
inserted, & they were all elderly men — After a little silence 
one of them spake to me asking if I knew them, I tould 
them I knew they were the Leading men of Panopscoat and 
Nerigwalk they tould me the time of year allowd them to 
meet there, and they took this Oppertunity to talke with me 
uppon some heads which they sayd they would fully Com- 
municate to me, taking me for their friend, & uppon it, tould 
me they were very much Avrongd & Abus'd in many things 
and sayd if there were not some speedy methods taiken to 
prevent these abuses, and to perform our Promises made by 
Coll" Shute and the Saggamores that were at that Congress, 
there would be A Warr Acrue in a little time, and as I was 
there and heard what was said, desired me to remonstrate it 
to some of the Governm* how they were agreived, and 
farther added that if they did not prove their cause to be 
just in troubling us this time they would desist, and that it 
only wanted their assent and y'' warr began, but farther 
added that they were old men and warr was troublesome & 
they urgd peace provided the English would come into just 
methods with them and performe what was promis'd at that 
Congress — and that notwithstanding what the Jesuit should 
Excite them to, it would have no influence on y"' for it was 
Interest & not religion that Obliged them to live in peace & 
freindship with any People, Uppon which I tould them I 
was very much surpriz'd at what they said, and that their 
now speaking of Warr was Contrary to what they have often 
tould me of Living in peace and as Brothers with us, and 



252 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

that it was agreable to their former treatment of y® English 
in breaking their many truces that were made with them in 
ColL Dudleys time & w"' other GentmT that had the Gov- 
ernm* of the provinces: they tould me we were their Ene- 
mies & that we lookt on them as ours & when ever we were 
an Anoyance to them as we were now they made warr, giv- 
ing me many Instances of our Breach of ffaith perticularly 
Cap* Chubs treating with them on the Sabath day calling 
some of y™ togather ( as he said ) in a freindly manner & at 
the same time drew Pistolls and shot them while they had 
his bread between their teeth and another time of hard treat- 
ment by Coll Walton of Cochecho which your honT may not 
be unaquainted with, but said as those things were past they 
should be overlookt on bouth sides, And added that we 
could not have a greater Manifestation of their Intentions 
for a Lasting freindship then by their paying down the hun- 
dred & od skms for to Compensate in some measure for y^ 
damages their people had done, when they might at the 
same time have come down on our frontears and made the 
same depredations that they had formerly done, And farther 
said that they had concluded on those methods which the 
Gov' chearfuUy came into & unless they were Effected the 
peace would not last I askt them what they were they tould 
me I could not so soon forget what was said there, Asking 
me if I did not heare the Gov^ promise that he would be a 
Constant succor and help to them and that he would taike 
caire to prevent those Abuses that were Constantly impos'd 
on y'" by the Inhabitants in this part of y* Countrey and that 
to prevent these abuses he would build them a Traiding 
house or houses and Appoint some just men to Transact 
with them that should doe them justice, and said their peo- 
ple were Constantly made Drunk by our People selling y'" 
rum, and all the Laws and Severe penailtyes the province 
could inflict would never prevent it without this Trading 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 253 

house and thatt the Killing of y^ Cattle and all y*" Diffirences 
arose from our letting their rude people have rum, I then 
askt y'" how it would prevent it though I was very Sensible 
how it would / they tould me I was not unsensible of the 
nature of their trade and that when an Indian came downe 
with a quantity of beavour many of them that were drinking 
men would first ask for a skin in rum which was worth 7 or 
8/ and that they often gave for one quart which is 30/ g g^ 
notwithstanding (sayes they) they are often deny'd and 
your people tell them : there is a Law of our Province 
agamst it, and you give us a great deale of uneasiness by 
breaking open our Doares &':^ this great profit on the rum 
sometimes will not prevaile but here is a Temptation sayes 
they that few or none of you will withstand - this Indian tell 
you he has a large quantity of beavour, and he nor any of 
his friends shall deale with you unless you grant this request 
& the Temptijition of loosing sometimes ten pounds aday^ 
which I have known som Experience is dificult to resist & if 
the Trading house undersold every bodey else no body 
would be tempted to sell rum only for the profit they get on 
y* Commodity by reason they give the people so great 
uneasiness after they are drunk with it. Another of y® 
same Community tould me he had lately gave 2S/: bush' for 
Com and askt me if I were not A witness to it I tould them 
I was, that I was sorry it was so, they tould me the promises 
that were made by the Gov*^ would prevent these impositions 
-Another of y'' Same number tould me that afew Dayes 
past, he had stole from at a House up the River 30 saple 
skins which I had great reason to beleive was true, he tould 
me Two witnesses were enough in our Law to prove any 
thing, but he had brought three and could get no justice 
done him, saying he was Unhappy last night to drinke too 
much at the said mans liouse & that it was a villanous 
thing in him after he had got away agreat deale of his 



254 DOCTJMENTAEY HISTORy 

substance for rum to rob him of great part of what was left I 
tould him he must goe to the Gov"" to Boston for Justice he 
tould me it would cost him 50 skins to goe there, and that it 
was a great hardship there was no bodey appointed here to 
doe them justice & then askt me Avhat Two oxen were worth. 
I tould him it was a wrong way to doe himselfe justice he 
tould me he had no other way & in a few days I heard the 
man had lost Two oxen. They farther added that there 
was a Trading house Appointed by the Governm! fonnerly 
but that the man that kept it was a Rogue & made the yard 
34^ to short and impos'd on y™ which gave many of them a 
Disgust against the Governm* , & uppon y^ Conclusion tould 
me they had never Broke their faith with the french but had 
allwayes liv'd in peace with them and that it was their kind 
treatment of y"" induc'd them to be their freinds & tould me 
that when once their people Experienced that we were a 
Constant Succor to y"" it would induce them to keep alasting 
freindship with us for sayes they your giving us a Present at 
once is soone forgot by our young men, but this would be a 
Constant ObUgation on them that they v/ould daily see their 
dependance on us. Its my humble Oppinion that some 
methods might be taiken with the Expense of about X500 g 
Annum that would keep them in perpetuall peace which I 
hope your Hon'" in your great wisdome will be so happy as 
to Effeckt I am 

Yo'^ Hon" most Obedient Humb Serv* 

John Minot 
[ Superscribed ] 
To The Hono'' William Dummer Esq' Leu' Gov"^ of y^ 
Province of y® Massachusets Bay &c''' Humbly present 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 255 

Letter John Gray to Col. T. Westhrook. 

Falm° aprill 20. 1725/ 
Hond S^ 

Ensign Woodside waits on you With the Ace' of the 
Action Latly Performed By the Lad against the Indians, 
Who with a Party of Men, on the return of s^ Coughran 
Went to View the Corps of the destroyed Enemy, I did 
Imagine it might be proper To send him in Case of any dis- 
pute that might arrise referring to their Scalpes - of Which 
your Hon"^ will be a sufficient Judge. 

I am your most Obedient Ser' 
John Gray 
M"^ Woodsides has taken a great Deale of pains and 
been very Expeditious 

Letter from Col. J. Wentworth 

Portsm° Aprill 21^^ 1725 
Sr 

Yesterday was with me a Young Man who is a Souldier in 
Your Servis by Cocharain An Ireish lad, Two Indians Took 
him at Maquoite and carried him up Amoscogen river a Day 
& halfs Journy The Second Night, this Cocharain found The 
Indians fast asleep went round em. feeling for a hatchet at 
length found one with which he Dispach* em boath & has 
bro* away there Scalps, but makes the . Story more Manly, 
this Cocharain lost one of his Scalps on his March home So 
that wen he came to Our Garrison he got three men more of 
his minde and went up to the place w*=? they Judge Neer forty 
Miles from Maquoite, and there found the Indians as he had 
Saide, So the Took An other P* of his Scalp and brings with, 
I Sent them Down Yesterday in Order to get apassage to 
Boston, where I hope you will See him this Evening. 



256 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

it was a Manly Action and doubt not but you will reward 
Accordingly, but in these cases our hands are Tied up, which 
is Verry Greaveious to me, I think Such actions should be 
bountifully rewarded, it would animate attempts, which would 
Discourage our Enemies ) The Young Man Tells me that our 
Gentlemen were returning from Cannada and that no peace. 

I have a letter from Govern' Shuler who Tells me his 
three Reports Now lyes before a Committe of Council, and 
all reported in his favour, and that he has the promiss of 
comeing over in better Cercumstances then before if you 
have any thing New shall be glad to Know it 

I am D' Sir Your Most Obed* Humbl Ser* 

J : Wentworth 



Letter L\ Gov. Dummer to Capt. J. G-yles 

" Letter to CoP Westbrook D" to Cap* Gyles 
April 27*^ 1725 " 
Sir 

I have enclosed a Warr! to the Commanding Officers of 
the Marching Companies to deliver to you thirty Men, You 
will see that they be good Men & well arm'd & fitted & after 
a short Refreshm^ at Fort George You must march with 
them up Amerescoggin River in Quest of the Enemy taking 
with you Cpt Joseph Bane to command under you & as a 
skilful Pilot for this Service, And the said Cpt Bane is 
orderd to attend you accordingly. You must take with you 
as much Provision as you can conveniently carry, & march 
as high up the River as possible, & if you can find no Tracks 
or Signs of Indians on that River or the Branches of it. You 
must cross over to Kennebeck River if it be practicable ( of 
which you will be the best able to judge ) & March down 
that River to Richmond, Let your Motions be perform'd with 



OF THE STATE OF IMAINE 257 

great Silence & Secrecy, & be patient in Lying wait for the 
Enemy in such Places where it is probable they will pass : 
If any Opportunity of Service may present that may require 
a different Rout from I have here directed : You have my 
Leave to proceed accordingly. 

I lay very great Stress upon y"' Seeking out y® Enemy y* 
may be in that River at this Juncture & expect that you per- 
form some notable Service as may be expected from two such 
good & experienced Officers. 

If you are of opinion that you may not be Safely Spared 
from your Garrison at this Season I Order that Cp* Bean 
have the Command & psue these instructions & Hee may 
take Some Sutable good Officer to Command under Him 

M' Trescot is the bearer hereof whom I Appomt for the 
third Officer in this March And in Case You don't go Your 
Self he is to be the Second. 



Warrant. 

By the Hon^^^ the Lieut. Gov' 
These are to direct the several Commanding Officers 
of the three Marching Companies or of such of the said Com- 
panys as are at or near Casco Bay forthwith to detach out of 
them such a Number of Men from each as shall make up in 
the whole thirty effective Men to be deliver'd to Cpt. John 
Gyles who is to Command the said Party vpon a particular 
Service for which he will receive my Instructions. 



Letter L\ Gov. Dummer to Col. T. Wesibrook 

Sir 

I have Order'd Cpt. Giles & Cpt. Bane with a Detaclim* 
of 30 Men from the Marching Companies to go in Quest of 

17 



258 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Indians upon Amerescoggin River & Parts adjacent: If 
this should meet you at Casco or thereabouts, You will see 
that this Matter be expedited. 

I Can't be of any other opinion but there has been a great 
Neglect in the Officers at Falm? That a Scout was not imme- 
diately sent to ly for some Days about the dead Bodies of the 
Indians W*''' being upon a Carrying Place It was highly 
probable the other six Indians would pass that Way I desire 
you would strictly examine into this Matter & find where the 
Fault lies : for I am much ashamed that there should be so 
little of a Spirit among the Officers to make any brisk 
Attempts upon the Enemy w° such proper occasions offer. I 
will finde out officers if it be possible of more spirit. You 
must Order that the Muster Rolls of the sev. Companies be 
made up as soon as may be that they be ready to pass upon 
the first Sitting of the Court : You must not let too many of 
the Captains or Subalterns be off from their Posts at a Time ; 
but the Clerks or one of the Sergeants of the sev" Companies 
may bring up the Rolls, & make Oath to them. The Enemy 
being now about. The Frontiers must be carefully protected, 
& the Marching Forces be upon constant Duty in the Woods, 
& if any demurr should hapen that requires the officer to 
Clear up I shall gmitt them to Come downe w" they will 
have time enough to doe if they make up their muster rolls 
forthwith, w*"^ may be done directly, as farr as the Electr 
Day. 

® I have no direct application from Coll" Harman or L9. 
Jaques for a dismiss" which is proper in such Cases, & tho 
they are good Officers I Will not keep them from better 
opportunityes for their advantage if there should be any 
other Vessell & Company then what are allready in the service 
to protect the ffishery I shall be glad if ColP Harman serve 



OF THE STATE OF MAESTE 259 

Letter Nathan Knight to John Gray 

Worshipfull sir 

These are informing you that by the noise of such a 
great number of guns which we hear in the woods hard by 
us killing the cattle as we supose, we understand there are a 
great number of the Indians in the place, and we are mightily 
afrayed haveing so few souldiers and the inhabitants utterly 
refuses unanimusly to watch'" and to asist us, in such a 
strait, we therefor earnestly desire you would be pleased as 
you are a Civil magistrate we intraiet you to Sympathize with 
us in useing some present method to oblige the Inhabitants 
if possible to watch and asist us in this so perilous time 
under such eminent and iminent danger Dear Kind sir we 
repose much confidence in your favour and speedy care of us 
and oblige and help 

Sir Your humble servants 

Hugh Henry minister Nathan Knight 
Black point April 28. 1725. 

Sir I request fauour to deliver the inclosed at your con- 
venience. 

[ Superscribed ] To Captain Gray at Casco these 

Letter Col. T. Westbrook to L* Gov. T^'"^ Dummer 

May it please y"" Hon'' 

You will see by the two Ace*? Accom- 
panys this that the Indians are down upon us in great num- 
bers I am sending to L* Coll? Harmon and the Officers on 
the Frontiers to Muster what men they can to meet them but 
they being at such a Distance fear it will be to little purpose 
being in hast cannot Enlarge 

I am your Hon" most Dutifull Humb* Serv* 

Tho* Westbrook 



260 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

To the Right Honorable The Lords Commissioners for Trade 

& Plantations. 
The Memoriall of Thomas Lechmere Esq^ Surveyor Generall, 
& the Severall Collectors, and other officers of His Majesty's 
Customes In New England 

Most humbly sheweth 

That wee being obliged by your Lordshipps letter dated 
the 26 June 1719 to lay before your hon^J® board the proceed- 
ings of the severall Governments in our districts, cannot omitt 
the repeating of our observations upon the great Priveledges 
& advantages ariseing to the Dutch & French plantations in 
America being supplied with horses for the Mills, Provisions, 
Lumber &c. without which they cannot subsist, & in a more 
perticular mamier the horses for their Mills to grinde their 
Canes, they having few or none of Watermills or Windmills, 
so consequently must have Cattle Mills, and the cheif returns 
wee have from thence are in Melasses, some Sugar, Rufn, 
Cocoa Nutts Indigoe &c^ soe that the Melasses which wee 
cheifly import from those forreign plantations, being of no 
use to them, and the freight to Holland and France so high, 
will nott admit of being by any shipped off, besides the prohi- 
bition of it in France, as alsoe if we consider the great Impo- 
sitions they lay upon our Vessels trademg to their ports, its 
more destructive than advantagious, unless a duty was laid 
upon such forreign Comoditys imported into our plantations, 
payable to His Majesty's Collectors, as allsoe that those 
Comoditj^s from forreign plantations, when unloaden be under 
the same restraints, as the produce of our plantations, which 
will be of great advantage to Trade, and raise a considerable 
revenue to the Crown. 

But what we now proceed with humble Submission to 
acquaint your Lordshipps with is, That y® Severall Acts of 
Parliament made in Great Brittain, to render America more 
usefuU and depending thereon by giving great premiums for 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 261 

raiseing Navall Stores, by which the lands may be improved, 
and the people enabled to keep a Correspondence with & to 
make Returns for their Trade to Great Brittain, are in a 
manner frustrated by a great omission of such improvements, 
and the Inhabitants are dayly running into the makeing of 
Brittish manufactures as Woollens &c'* by which they will in 
some time have no occasion to Correspond with Great Brit- 
tain for such Comoditys, and to which great Encouragement 
has been given of late Years by severall Acts which have 
passed in the respective Generall Assemblys of each Govern- 
ment in the said districts 

And as allsoe we take leave most humbly to observe, That 
they very much encourage the circulation of province bills 
of Creditt, and letting them out to interest upon land secu- 
rity, and by the said Acts enforcemg them to be received by 
all his Majesty's Subjects m all payments & Contracts ( Spec- 
ialties excepted) as equall to mony, though the Tenour of 
said bills say's only, shall be in all publick payments accepted 
by the Treasurer of each province and by reason of the great 
number of these bills which amount to Four hundred Thou- 
sand pounds or upwards in the severall Governments, and 
not^vithstanding the pubhck Faith and Sanction to support 
them, and annually to smke the Number of them, as by their 
Acts doe's more fully appear, and which they sometimes 
evade by which the Creditt of their said Bills is sunk so low 
that they have lost in their Value more than a Moiety. 

This we must humbly conceive doth evidently shew to 
your Lordships That, we being obliged to receive them in all 
publick payments at the full valine, how prejudicial! they are 
to his Majesty's Revenue, and of what dangerous consequence 
to Trade & Commerce, and how destructive to the Industry 
and property of the Subject, and those proceedings leading 
us to the source of such Evills, which we presume to take 



262 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

notice off in the following manner may open a Scene which 
will not a little surprize Your Lordshipps 

The Gentlemen of this Country ( Merch*? and monyed men 
excepted) who possess most of the improved and waste lands, 
are the majority of Members in the severall Generall Assem- 
blys, they for the most part take up those bills & circulate 
them upon the Creditt of their own lands, without any mony 
or treasure laid up in bank to support them, and by their 
laws obligeing them to be received m all payments by all 
persons ; as lawfull tenders as hath been before observed by 
which they have taken in all moneyd Men's Estates, and are 
now m these bills, and the Merchants & Traders who are 
generally the possessors of the bills must take the Growth 
and Produce of the Country for them, which are risen to 
most extravagant prices ; and the said Gentlemen are allso 
enabled by the said bills to carry on the Manufactures before 
mention'd, and to purchase more land, which is a great 
Engrossing thereof, so that poor people comeing from Great 
Brittain & Ireland upon the prospect of having lands to set- 
tle on, & are the great riches of this large and uncultivated 
Country, are in a great measure debarred, the land being in 
their possession, and raised to such great prices which is the 
greatest discouragement that can be to a farther improvement 
of these parts of his Majestys dominions. 

And wee most humbly conceive it to be incumbent on us 
to make a Representation at this juncture, because these 
Evills being seen into by most of the Substantiall men in the 
Country, a Comittee of whom was appointed by the Generall 
Assembly at Boston, the Metropolis of North America, to 
consider of ways & means to redeem the Credit of the bills, 
& unanimously agreed upon the folio whig propositions ~ 1^?^ 
That no more bills of Creditt should be made. 2^.'y That 
what mony the Country should want upon publick Expences 
should be borrowed in these bills of Creditt allready made. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 263 

3diy Xbat if those persons who had the bills upon Mortgage 
would pay them in should have Ten p cent Discount, which 
proposalls bemg so advantagious to those Men who had the 
bills upon Mortgage, and would pay them in, and now not 
being half the valine, for which they received them. Yet 
notwithstanding these proposalls were rejected, & the said 
IVIen now in the Massachusetts bay have made an Act for 
emitting Thirty Thousand pounds more in these bills, without 
any alteration of Tenour or Form or Indenture or Escutcheon 
for carrying on an Indian warr, and postponed the cancelling 
or burning of Twenty seven Thousand pounds of bills of 
creditt, but continue them in currency, and obligeing all per- 
sons in all payments to receive, which with Submission is a 
manifest Breach of publick faith. 

And the Government of Rhode Island in like manner, th6 
no way concerned in the Warr and not at all in Debt, and 
are not above Eight hundred pounds p annum charge for 
supporting the charges of Government yet at this time have 
passed an Act for continueing Eighty Thousand pounds at 
Interest in these bills, which is very destructive to Trade. 

And wee thinke it our humble dutys to observe to your 
Lordshipps that, before the assemblies concluded on these Acts 
they received his Majesty's letter dated at the Court of 
Windsor the 31^* of August last signified by his Grace the 
Duke of Newcastle to all the Governours of New England, 
comanding each of them not to pass any bills in their 
respective Assemblies there of an unusuall or extraordinary 
nature, and importance, wherein the kings prerogative or the 
propertie of the Subject might be prejudiced, or Trade any 
ways affected, untill tlie draught of such bill or bills had been 
transmitted home and the Royall approbation received there- 
upon, unless there was a Clause inserted therein, suspending 
the execution thereof untill it has the Royall Sanction ; And 
notwithstanding such repeated comands these Acts have 



264 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

passed, and are putt in force without any such Clause which 
matter so tenderly affecting his Majesty's perogative & reve- 
nue ( wee having no fare of mony but only in those bills ) as 
likewise Trade in Generall and perticularly the Commerce of 
Great Brittain, and soe injurious to the Industry and property 
of the subject, these bills being sunk soe greatly in their 
Valine, many of them being very often counterfeited, the 
Indenture worn out, and allmost quite defaced, that nothing 
can be foreseen but the uttraost Confusion even to the totall 
mine of these his Majesty's dominions, unless the Royall 
Grace intervene for their preservation. 

And wee most humbly propose it as absolutely necessary. 
That the bills of each Government may be called in, or that 
the possessors of them, upon paying them into the Treasury, 
may have Security from the Government for them, and law- 
full Interest paid, untill the Government hath redeemed the 
principall, by which the Merchant, who doth not lett his Cash 
lye dead, may dispose of the bills he hath received, instead 
of being obliged to part with them at a great discount for 
the produce of the Country, which hath been raised to meet 
prodigious prices. 

And wee further most humbly take leave to represent to 
YoT Lordshipps, That whereas this Continent carrys on a 
considerable Trade to the Bay of hundoras in the Spanish 
West Indies for Loggwood and great Quantitys being annu- 
ally brought into these parts, and his Majesty haveing been 
most graciously pleas'd with advice and Consent of Parlia- 
ment to take off the Duty from Loggwood and other Dying 
woods and Druggs to encourage the importation thereof to 
Great Brittain, as the Mart of Trade ; That all the said 
Loggwood soe imported into the plantations, be subject to 
be bonded to be carried to Great Brittain, or if allowed and 
permitted to be transported to forreign Marketts, to pay the 
Duty of Twenty Shillings Sterling g Tunn upon Exportation 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 265 

for the Use of liis Majesty, which will consequently prevent 
Forreigners from haveing it at a cheaper Rate then the Brit- 
tish Merchants ; as by the Act of the Eighth year of his 
Majesty it is paid at the Exporting thereof from Great 
Brittain. 

All which is most humbly submitted to your Lordshipps 
consideration by 

May it please Your Lordshipps Most humble ffaithfuU 
and Most Obed* Servants 

Thos : Lechmere Hilbert Newton 

John Jekyll Arch? Cuming 

Nath'i Ray W'" Lambert 

Boston New England Aprill 30''' 1725. 

E: New England Plan^ Gen. 

Letter from J/T Cuming with a Mem\ from the officers 

of ?/! Customs Setting forth the great detriment the Plantation 

Trade suffers hy Selling Horses to Forreign Plantations, hy 

hills of Credit in New England cf by a deficiency in the Act 

relating to the Importation of Logwood here Dated June 

23'^ 1725 

Rec^ July 28 \ 1725 
Read Aug*. 11 \ 1726 

Add : On his Majesty's Service 

To Allured Popple Esq^ Secretary to the Righ* Hon- 
ourable The Lords Commissioners for Trade & Plantations 
att White Hall 
g Cap^ Barlow 

Letter, Capt. John Gray to L\ Gov. TF'"^ Dummer 

Palm'' May. The 4"^ 1725 
May It Please Your Hon' 

The Inclosed is what I rec*^ This day From the Minister 

of Black Point, and the Serg' of the Garrison Their. This 



266 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

I thought my duty To Acquaint your Hon! of. Cpt Bourn is 
Bound To Boston With some Letf^ From Coll Westbrooke. 
Which prevents my Futher Inlargement. 

I am Hon'* S'' your most Hum*'^® Ser* Command 

John Gray - 
[ Superscribed ] 
The Hon^J^ William Dummer Esq, Liev* Govemour of 
the Massachusetts Bay &^ Boston 



Letter Col. T. Westbrook to L*: Gov. W"^ Dummer 

Fabn" May y" 4''' 1725 
May it Please your Hon' 

I rec^ your Hon''? Orders g En? Tris- 
cott who coming by Cape Porpoise last Saturday with four 
men was fir'd on by a party of Nine or Ten Indians. Tris- 
cott is shott through the Thigh and through the Ankle, two 
of the men with him had the Stocks of their Guns shott. 
They immediately made up a party of about twenty four 
men some Soldiers some Inhabitants and some Fishermen 
from Cape Porpoise & follow'd them but could not come up 
with them. 

As to sending Cap^ Gyles thirty men just now I cannot 
possibly make them up, all the Marching Forces & sundry 
from the Garrisons being already Employ'd in your Hon!^ 
particular Orders as your Hon'' will plainly see by comparing 
the State of the Army, I now send with your Hon" Orders. 
As soon as I can call off such a part I shall immediately 
send them, the Enemy is certainly down on us in consider- 
able Numbers, so that we have as much as we can do to 
keep the weak parts of our Frontiers from their Incursions. 
I have ask'd the Officers of Falm° the reason why they didnt 
make up a party and lye by the dead bodies of the Indians, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 267 

their Answer is they did not hear of it till six days after it 
was done and not more than seven or eight hours before the 
Enemy was down w*'^ them and kill'd two men and the place 
where y'' dead bodies lay was sixty Miles from them, so con- 
sidering the Enemys being amongst them judg'd it not safe 
to march so far from their several Garrisons, for a small 
scout at that Juncture drawn out wou'd have very much 
expos'd them their Number not being above five or six in a 
Garrison and the Garrisons very scattering. As to the 
marching Forces and sundry of the Garrisons they are con- 
stantly' in the Woods in sundiy small Scouts and are faith- 
full in their Duties by what I hear from them from time to 
tune. 

I shall Direct the Officers to prepare their Rolls as fast 
as they can. 

Cap* Bourn being indisposd and desirous to wait on 
your Hon^ I have permitted him to carry the Express for its 
more speedy Arrival. If your Hon'^ should be at Newberry 
in a short time I would be glad to have leave to wait on You 
there for a few hours. 

I am Your Hon" most Dutiful Serv* 

Tho* Westbrook 



1} Gov. Bummer to Capt. Bourn. 

IV' May 1725^ 

Sir 

This Comes by Capt Holman & I hope this will finde 
you diligently Imployed in Enlisting & getting your Men 
ready for their Embarcation. Cap* Holman Carried you j£80. 
for bounty money for so many Men. & 1 desire you'l Exert 
your selfe so as to gett your ffull Number, tho. you should 
go as far as the Vineyard to make them up but I hope there 



268 DOCUIMENTARY HISTORY 

will be no need of that. Gett them on Bord assoon as possible 
& when it shall please God you arrive safe with them at ffal- 
mouth you are to take Coll° Westbrooks order for your fur- 
ther proceeding. See that the Men be well used & well 
disciplined. Shall bee well pleased to have Leu^ Dimock 
first Lieut. & you must have A second Leu! w*=^ will bee 
appointed you when you gett to your Rendezvous. I have 
nothing more at gsent but to recomend to you all possible 

Y 



Letter Corp. Benj. Sassell to L\ Q-ov. Bummer 

Dunstable May y^ 11 1725 
to his Honor y® Govener 

An Information from Cap" Louewell Companey at Ossepye 
pond a man bemg Sick we Left nine men with him we made 
a forte thare And sent out scouts Discouerd tracks then we 
marched towards pigwackit we heard a gun then marched to 
Saweco River Discouerd more trackes then Going to pigwacket 
found whare Some Indens went into Conowes then marched 
and See one indon kild him and Returning two milds thare 
we ware shot upon Cap" Lovewell wounded and non Returnd 
but I to y* teen men and we and no more are yet Come to 
Dunstable. 

Superscribed Benj° Hassell Corp, 

To His Honor the Left Gouner 

William Dummer 

LeUer Eleazer Tyng to i* Gov. Bummer May 12, 1725. 

May it Please Your Hon"" 
Upon my hearing of thee Newes Early This Morning This 
Twelfe Instant and Benj* Hassel Gave me This account - 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 269 

That on the Ninth of this Instant about Nine or Ten of The 
Clock in The Morning Cap* Lovewell Saw an Indian on The 
Opposite Side of Sawco pond and Then IiTiediately Left Their 
packs and went about Two IMiles before Thay Came To him 
Thay Coming Within about five or Six Rods Before Thay 
Saw The Indian and The Indian Made The first Shot at Them 
and "Wounded Cap* Lovewell & Sam" Wliiting & Thay Ime- 
diately Killed The Indian and Returning back To Their packs 
Came Within forty or fifty Rods of Them The Indians 
Walaid Them under The bank of a Little Brook Cap* Love- 
wells men being between The Brook and The pond it being 
a pine plain The Indians fired upon Them both in The front 
& The Rear Shouting and Runing Towards Them Cap* Love- 
well fell at The first Vollee The Indians Shot and Groan'd 
This man being Clost by him & Then he Saw Several of 
Cap* Lovewells Men Gitt behind Trees ; upon This he Seeing 
Such a Grate Number of Indians Thougt it best To Return 
To Some men Thay had Left With a Sick man at a fort 
Thay Made about Thirty Miles back By ossipe pond and lie 
Got To the fort The Next Morning about Nine of the Clock. 
And if your Hon^ Thinks fitt I Will March up To The place 

Your Hon" Most Hum" Ser* 
Eleazer Tyng 
P : Sergent Nat" Woods Desiered me To acquaint Your 
Hon^ That he was Left with The Nine Men at The fort & 
upon hassels Coniing To The fort The Men Would Stay No 
Longer. Woods both Desier'd & Coiiianded Them to Stay 
but Could Not prevail w*'' Them & Then he Made The Best 
of his Way home. 
P : Lev* Blanchard came home Last Night. 



270 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter L*. Gov. Dummer to Col. Wentworth 

May 13, 1725. 
Sir 

I have just Time to tell you That One of Cpt. Love- 
wells Men is run from him & left him engaged with the 
Indians at Pigwacket last Lords Day, & pretends that they 
were overpower'd by Numbers & that he saw Cpt Lovewell 
fall & heard him Groan, & that he him self was cutt off from 
the Comp^ by the Indians Pressing between them tho. Hee 
Cant Deny but our people were Chargeing y® Enemy briskly 
when he left I have Order'd out Coll°. Tyng with forty 
Men to make the best of his Way to Ossapy & Pigwacket in 
Quest of the Enemy, & Cp* White to follow him with his 
Comp'^ of Voluntiers ; And I must pray that you would act 
in Concert with us in this Affau' & send from N Hampshire 
a Party of Men upon the same Gromid, For if the Enemy in 
that Ground are of such Strength as to defeat Lovewell 
They will thereupon be in great Security : It is of the utmost 
Importance that something be done vigorously & expedi- 
tiously on this Occasion. 
Coll Wentworth 



Letter L* Grov. Dummer to Col. Eleazer Tyng May 13, 1725. 

Sir 

This Morning I rec'* y" Ace* of the Indians Engaging 
Cpt Lovewell at Pigwacket, I have not Time at present to 
make any Observations on the ill Managemt of Hazzel & the 
ten Men at the Fort who have so cowardly deserted their 
Commander «& Fellow Soldiers in their Danger. 

Your Readiness to go out forthwith after the Enemy is 
well Accepted & Approved of by me & the Council, And 



OF THE STATE OF MAESTE 271 

accordingly I direct you to a make up a Body of forty effec- 
tive Men well arm'd & provided (if you think so many 
necessary ) & proceed without Delay to Ossapy & Pigwacket 
& the Country thereabout, & make careful Search for y® 
Enemy in Order to kill & destroy such as may be found 
there And at the Place of their Engagem* with Cpt. Love- 
well endeavour what you can to find the Bodies of the 
Indians or English that may have been slain there, You are 
hereby Impowered to draw out of Cpt. Willards Company 
twelve Men to join you. And he is accordingly Ordered to 
detach them & send them to your Rendezvouz forthwith : If 
you find it necessary, You are Directed & hereby Authorized 
& Impowered to Impress out of the nearest Towns in your 
Regim! twelve or fifteen Men for this Service, if you can 
not enlist y"" Cpt. White is Order'd to follow you as soon as 
he can possibly get his Men ready ; And have written Lieut. 
Gov! Wentworth That a party may be sent from that Gov- 
ernm^ to Pigwacket as soon as may be. I depend upon your 
Acting in this Affair with the utmost Diligence & Vigour. 
You must take your L* Blanchard with you in this March, 
Take one or two sufficient Pilots with you & ( if it be neces- 
sary ) Hassel who left the Comp? I would have you rather 
go without your full Complim' than make any Delay. 
May 15. 1725. 



Letter Eleazer lyng to L\ Gov. W'} Dummer 

May it please your hon : 
I Rec'' your orders about Eleven of y® Clock today and I 
forthwith sent to Cap* Willard for twelve of his best men 
and to Robert Richardson Cap* of y® volunteere Shoe men 



272 DOCUMENTAHY HISTORY 

for fifteen who I Expect to morrow night so that I hope to be 
ready for them to march by Sabbath morning, I have also sent 
one of Cap* Lovewells men the Bearer hereof who was in the 
whole Engagement a man who by the account the rest gave 
of him behaved himself couragiously to the last I should be 
very glad of this man or some other that Escaped to go with 
me for a guide. 

there is five wounded men come in and Doc^ Prescot is 
with them and I hope none are Dangerously wounded. Has- 
sell says he is sick & cannot go with me. 

I Remain Your Hon" humble servant 
Eleazer Tyng 
Dunstable. May 14. 1725. 

Letter U Gov. Bummer to Col. Eleazer Tyng '■'■May 14- 1725'' 

S' 

This Comes with an Indian of note belonging to a Tribe 
of the ffrench Mohawks who with all the Nation are well 
affected to us. This Man Came downe with the Commiss''^ 
from Canada & being desirous to see Xtian I have sent Him 
to you, give directions if Hee getts to you before you are 
Marched that Hee bee very well used & that good care bee 
taken of Him & Lett Him bee sent to Me againe when Hee 
shall desire it. I have this Moment reed your Express this 
Day with Blanchards Ace" of the action between Lovells 
men & the Indians, taken from Melven. & thor the loss of so 
Many brave Men be great I am very much Comforted to finde 
they behaved with so Much bravery & Gallantry. I hopet 
it may please God to favour you with an opertunitye to take 
a Just revenge for the blood of your Country Men 

I am Y^ humble S"^ 

W" Dummer 
Boston 14*'' May 1725 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 273 

Send downe to me forthwith \v*^ the Bearer hereof M' 
Calef the most Inteligent gson Among Lovella Men retumd 
that I may have a gfect ace* of that Action. 

The Indian Seems Disposed to Go this March with you in 
Company with Christian, And You must by all means 
encourage it Pray make the best Search You can when You 
come into the Ground where the Action happened for the 
Dead and Wounded that none may perish for want of our 
Care. 



Letter Col. 1. Westbrook to U Gov. TF'" Bummer 

Falm° May W"^ 1725 
May it please y'' Honour 

I receivd your letter of the fourth 
Currant on the 15*? of the same wherein your Hon^ orders 
me to give a particular account of the black point Scout 
whom your Hon'' calls Eighteen men if so my Clark has 
made a mistake in Coppying, for there was but Eight men 
and most of them Inhabitants, so that there was no Officer 
with them, but a Soldier or two to go with them to look 
for their cattle. As to the men in Falmouth I immediately 
drew out all that I could Judge was proper which did not 
exceed Twenty and sent Cap! Bourn & Liu* Dominicus Jor- 
dan, I did not give them orders to pursue the Enemy let 
their numbers be what they would but left them to their 
own Judgments according to what discovery they should 
make knowing they had behav'd themselves very well when 
they had an oppertunity on the Enemy, and are reputed men 
of Courage and by the Ace*? they had from Black Point peo- 
ple, and Mitchels and Spurwink Garrisons they were a con- 
siderable number as I acquainted your Hon^ before, and by 

18 



274 DOCUMENTAJIY HISTOllY 

what discovery they made by the Indian Tracks they could 
not Judge themselves to be a number sufficient to follow 
them. 

I do assure your Hon^ I did not leave more then three 
men in a Garrison with the Inhabitants and Soldiers for their 
Defence which was as little as possible could be left In as 
much as the place where they were burning our houses and 
killing our Cattle, was not less then Eleven or Twelve Miles 
through the Woods the nighest way wee could get to them. 
I Humbly subscribe my selfe your Hon^^ 
most Dutifull Servant 

Tho« Westbrook 



Letter Col. T. Westhrook to L\ Q-ov. Bummer 

Falmouth May 17*? 1725 
May it please your Honour 

I rec'd your Hon'"? orders of the 
Eleventh Currant and shall EndeaA^our when I have reed the 
recruits to Improve them in the best manner I can to Inter- 
cept and destroy the Enemy & follow your Hon'"? Orders. 

Cap* Bean arriv'd here from York the 15*^ Currant, I 
immediately dispatcht him to Capt. Gyles with directions 
that nothing may be neglected relateing the March on 
Amuscoggin haveing before sent the Quota of men Pursuant 
to your Hon"^? orders. I have since that made up a Scout of 
Twenty Eight Men Soldiers and Inhabitants whom I sent out 
the Sixteenth at night under the Command of Lieu? Domini- 
cus Jordan diligently to search the most likely places on the 
backs of the Towns from this place to Saco Salmon Falls, 
and intend to continue & strengthen them with more men as 
soon as possible if your Hon''* orders do not call them off, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 275 

these being the places the Enemy cheifly aim'd at both last 
Summer & this 

I am your Hon" most Dutiful! Humb^ Serv^ 

Tho" Westbrook. 
P S. 

I herewith send y'' Hon^ a Journal of our Proceedings 
Since I left Boston. _ I have not yet rec'd the recruits 

T W 
Fahn?May 20*M725 



Letter 1} Gov. Dummer to Capt. Bourn May 18, 1725 

S^ I have Rec-? Your Letter of the 15'*^ Curr* by M"^ 

Holman, And am Glad You have proceeded so far in Raising 
the Voluntiers I Ordered And that there is a Good prospect 
of Your Speedy Accomplishment of this Affair which I pray 
You would proceed in with all possible Expedition, It being 
of great Consequence to the Dispatch herein. According to 
Your proposal I have Sent a Warrant to M' Young to remove 
his Sloop to Barnstable and have Sent an Impress Warr* to 
Col? Otis Which may be Used to forward the Affair of the 
Indian Enlisting or to Supply the Deficiency with Such Eng- 
lish Men as are So perverse as to Obstruct the Affair. I am 
Satisfied with Your Nomination of Mess" Bacon & Hawes 
and Shall Commissionate them Accordingly, If You can make 
Your Number of Voluntiers One hundred Men I Direct You 
so to do And Desire you would Advance the Bounty Money 
And it Shall be repaid You with other Necessary Charges — 
Put Maj'' Gorhain upon Expediting the Affair of the Whale 
Boats And if need be his Sloop must be Employed in Trans- 
porting the Boats & Men. M'' Holman Returns to You with 



276 DOCUIMENTARY HISTORY 

these Dispatches And will Continue to Assist You in the 
Affair 

I am Y" 

Boston May 18 1725 
Cap* Bourn 



Letter U^ Gov. Dummer to Col. Otis 

Boston May 18*»> 1725 

M' Holman Informs Me that You Desire a Warr* for 
Impressing Twenty Men Which You would make Use of in 
order to Awe those people that Instruct the Indians enlist- 
ing I have accordingly Enclos'd a Warrant which You will 
Use at Discretion for the End aforesaid If You Actually 
Impress any persons that Conceal the Indians or any ways 
hinder the proceedings, And they afterwards do their Duty 
by producing the Indians and assisting the Design, You may 
Dismiss them, Not accounting them as Men that have Served, 
But if they Obstinately Continue to give obstruction to his 
Ma jestys, You must not dismiss them but put them on Board 
the Transport as Recruits. I have Directed Cap* Bourn to 
make up his Number of Indians, One hundred men, and Doubt 
not of Your Assisting in this Important affair to the Utmost 
of Your power, M^ Holman Returns to You with this Dis- 
patch, And will Still assist in the Affair, All he is able. 

I have Chosen this Method rather than Impressing but if 

there be any so evil Dispos'd to the Service as to Discourage 

Voluntiers from Enlisting, Such are very proper persons to 

be Impress'd - 

I am Y"^ Humble Serv* 

W : Dummer 
CoP Otis ^ 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 277 

Letter Col. EUazar Tyny to D. Gf-ov. Bicmmer May 19, 1726. 

May it please your Honour 

This Day I marched from Amuskeag having 55 of my own 
Men & 32 of Capt Whites. The men are all well & proceed 
with a great Deal of Life & Courage - Yesterday I was forced 
to lie still by Reason of the Rain. 

I would humbly offer something to your Honour on the 
behalf of our People who are left very Destitute & naked, 
that you woul*^ be pleased to consider Their Circumstances 
& order what you shall think proper for Their Defence till 
we return. 

I am your Honours most Obed* humble Servant 
Amuskeag May 19, 1725 Eleazar Tyng. 



Letter Col. T. Westbrook to L* Gov. Dummer 

Falm? May 21^' 1725 
May it please your Hon' 

Lieu* Dominicus Jordan ( who I inform'd of in 
mine of the Seventeenth ) is returnd about three a Clock, and 
informs, that he Tract Two parties of Indians, that came out 
of the Country & returnd in two parties, the least of their 
paths much larger then what his Scout made who consisted 
of thirty two men, haveing added four to his Scout since my 
last, Wee Judge that the greatest part of the Enemy are 
drawn some Distance back on the great Rivers, this being 
their time to fish for Salmon & sundry other fish up the fresh 
Rivers on which the Indians yearly make a fishing voyage. 
Our winter scoutes discovered sundry of their fishing places 
on Saco, Pesomscott & Amuscoggin Rivers where they made 
large Quany* last Summer, The new recruits ar(! not yet 
come notwithstanding we have liad so many Westerly winds. 



278 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

as soon as they arrive if Arm'd, I will endeavour to visit 
some of their fishing places. 

I have since my last examin'd Henery Mckenny relateing 
the Indians he saw when they burnt the Houses at Black 
Point and charg'd him to relate no more then he could give 
his Oath to. He attests that he told betwen Tliirty & 
Forty on the plain Marsh from the Ferry Garrison where he 
was on his Guard in the Watch Box and at the same time 
there were others Scattered fireing the houses up and Do^^^l 
I am your Hon'"^ most Dutifull Humbl Servant 

Tho^ Westbrook 
P. S. 
I have permitted Ebenezer Nutting the Armourer 
to wait on y' Hon'' he wantmg sundry Tools, I think 
it of absolute necessity that he be sent down again as 
soon as possible Sundry of our Arms being out of repair. 

T. W. 



Letter, U Gov. J. Wentwortli to L\ G-ov. Dummer 

Portsm° May 23'^ 1725 

Sir 

Just now came Express to me from Cap* Chesly who 
Commanded the men I sent to Osaby &c. they came into 
Cochecho this Morning. 

On Thursday they came to Ossaby Pond ( it rayning all 
Tuseday March* but little but Sent out Sauvrall Scouts all 
that day in hopes of finding some of Cap* Lovewells wounded 
Men ) On thirdsday, before they came up with Oseby Pond 
they Discovered a Track of Indians much longer then theres, 
and then quickly found Lovewells Fort fast Shut up they 
soon got into the Fort where they found a Considerable 
Quantity of provisions and sundry other things, with a 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 279 

writeing on a bark, That the men that went out were all 
lost, the Day our people discovered Severill Indians and 
heard the Dogs bark, So found they were Discovered and 
Missing Your Men, They thot it advisable to return, least 
they met w"' y^ same fate Cap* Lovewell did. 

I finde thers agreate Uncertainty in our meeteing in the 
woods, so would propose that your Commandmg Neer to us 
as Maj"^ Hammond or Coll? Westbrook have fourthwith 
orders to Raise one hundred Men or More out of Your East- 
ern Forces or from the Melletia of Your Towns. You have 
Stout men in Berwick Kittry York &c^ and send up Emedi- 
atly I will not Disband these 53 that now came down Untill 
I heare from You, You may Depend Sir that they will be 
down on Some of Yours or Our Frontiers Uery Soon, and it 
may be boath, I will make our Number up Sixty On that 
March, I verryly beleive They will Stay in hopes of Our 
comeing up to bury Our Dead, and have a Considerable 
Number togeather thers fish Enough & Good other Huntting 
we may range all that Country as Pigwacket &c* but this 
must be Don with all possible Dispach. 

we can have no Dependance on The men You Sent from the 
Westward, wheather shall find em or not. 

I am D' Sir Your Most Obed' Humb^ Ser* 
P. S. J Wentworth 

I am of opinion that Cap* Lovewell wounded many of the 
Indians and that thay can't Get them off, J W. 

Liev* Goverfi Dunnner. 



Letter Richard Davis to U May 24, 1725. 

Much Honoured S' I your Humble Petitioner belonging to 
Captaui Samuel Hincks att Fort Mary in Biddiford Do 
Humbly Desire your Honours favour to Dissmis me from the 



280 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Fort because if it may be your Honours Pleasure I would 
get into Cap* Jordans Company ; I am Honoured S'^ Your 
Most Humble Dutiful! and Obedient Servant; 
Biddiford May: 24: 1725 Richard Davis 



Letter, U Gov. to Capt. Cornwall, May 2^, 1725 

Sir, 

It being highly probable that the Indians of Penobscot 
will speedily be out in the Vessels they took last Summer 
from the English, & will infest the Eastern Coast to the 
great Disturbance & Loss of those concerned in the Fishery ; 

I desire you to draw out of your Ships Comp* fifty of 
your ablest Men to proceed East so far as Passamaquody or 
the Mouth of S* Croix River in two small Vessels provided 
for that Purpose to be under the Command of your Lieuten* 
& such Officer ( for the other Vessel ) as you shall think fit 
to appoint : Let them keep near the Shoar, & look into the 
Harbours & Bays & among the Islands as they go along, 
more especially at Pemaquid, Penobscot Fox Island & Mount 
Desert Bays the Mouth of Petit River & Passamaquody, & 
Endeavour to get Intelligence of the Enemy & Decoy them 
by Soundiug for Fish, Concealing their Men & such other 
Methods as are proper for that End, And by all possible 
Means to find out suppress & destroy the Indian Enemy as 
well as any Pirates that may haply be on the Coast at this 
Time. And for their Encouragemt they will have One 
Hundred Pounds for each Scalp of a Male Indian above 
twelve Years old, & for other Scalps & Prisoners the high- 
est Premium the Law Allows. 

Notwithstanding the Direction before mentiond I don't 
limit you as to the Extent of Coast for this Cruize, But 
leave it to you & the Discretion of your Officer how far East 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 281 

he may proceed, In which he must govern him self according 
to the Intelligence he may meet. 

If he shall hear of the Enemy on Shoar Let him Land such 
a Number of his Comp!' as he shall judge fit to ambush or 
gsue them. And particularly I think it advisable that they 
ly some Time in Ambush on the Western Point of a small 
Island at the Mouth of Petit River within two Leagues of 
Machias & the usual Passage of the Indians from Passama- 
quody & S* Johns Kiver to Penobscot, For more particular 
Information in these Matters your Officer had best consult 
the Pilots. 

This Cruize may be for fforty Days & if Circumstances 
shall be such as to give great Prospects of Doing Service 
Lett them Stay out longer. I am ( Sir ) 
Boston May 24, IT 25 Capt Cornwall 

P S Lett your Lieut. Advise Coll. Dowcett L* Gov'' of 
Annapohs of his Cruize If he meet with an Opportunity of 
Sendinof to him. 



Letter Capt. Sam^ Hincks to L* Gov. Bummer 

Fort Mary 25: May 1725 
May it Please y' Hon"" 

This Comes with Expresses to y"" Honour from 
Col° Westbrook. 

I cant inform Y' Hon"" any Thing more but what offers 
here, one tarbox Lost a son by 9 : Indians on our plains 10 
Dayes since & Carried of his Sculp we alai-med yesterday 
Know not y*" occasion the Day before for Seing 3 Indians 
and in Such parcels They appear at Every place they Dis- 
cover themselves, I beleive in order to Know our Strength 
that we may issue out and as I informed y'' Honour before 
we want men to march, for now as well as other times I have 



282 DOCUMENTAHY HISTORY 

ventered to Lend two or thre to Carry & forward Expresses 
which hope I dont offend in. I have heard y'' Hon'' is not so 
willing officers may come to make up their Rolls but Send. 

I would Humbly acquaint y"" Hon'^ I have no Clark neither 
any one within fort Knows anything about y® affairs y® Cor- 
poral I have, tho hes of late sickened is a man to fight but no 
man to send as I do not only victuall my men but look after 
ray forces I have to send one of my Officers & if one on 
those does not go I must neglect my Role if yo'' Hon'' Doe 
oblige my tarry which I Depend yet not blame me if I do 
come since my fort is gone I try & strictly observe duty & 
all things and as before, so now ask Leave I may tho cant 
have a Return from y"^ Hon"^ before I humbly take leave to 
come I would not be so tedious but would inform your Hon' 
my interest at portsm° is partly Disposed of with Loss my 
wife left that place & is at Boston where she lately gone & 
my private affairs are in confusion th6 I neglect no duty. 

I hope y'' Hon"" will Consider these things and give 
Leave to y"" Humble Servant 

Samuel Hincks 



Col. Johnson Harmon to L\ Gov. Bummer May B6, 1725 

May it Plese your Hon""" 

I have sent in my Role by Ensi^" John Carleyle to attest 
he hath sarved y' Hon" &c his Country all most foure years 
A man of Good Report with us beloved by all I pray your 
Hon''* faviour toward him. 

S'' If you plese to Lett him have Liu" Jaques post its very 
a Greeable to me & my Compny Liu" Jaques hath devoted 
him selfe to the fishery at y'' Leve. 

S' My Compny by Dismissions &c Runaways Sum Turned 
into other Compenys &c Sum Scatred to the farthest part of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 283 

y* Est I Can Make but Thirty &> we are Scouting Continuely 
My Men at this time are up Saco River. 

I should be Glad with a Sutable Number to visit the 
Indiens Hed qurters but w^ Submission. 

pray S'' Give me Leve to visit Boston Sum time in June 
on My one privit Affairs if it be but two days S"^ nothing new, 
your Honour I hope hath a Good Representative from York 
this year with Most Humble Duty am S"^ 

¥'■ Hon" Most obedient Sar" 
York May 26"^ 1725 Johnson Harmon 

To y* Hon°^' William Dummer Esq"" &c 

Letter L\ Gov. J. Wentworth to 

Portsm» May 28*^ 1725 
Sir 

I have Yours g Express without date, Observe the cear 
you are and have taken, which must alarm The Indians who 
are in pretty large Comp^ come Down Eastward as I hear if 
your 100 Indians are Sailed Eastward They may chance to 
come in a Good time. 

I am greately concern^ for the misManagem'^ of our Men 
in the March to the Pond, we all accounted them Stout men, 
what cheifely discorraged our men was there not marching 
Your Men, indeed I tho't Coll? Ting was Two Dayes march 
before us, but when they came to Cap'' Lovewells ffort and 
found no men there they were Discouraged. 

I have as you hinted to me Passed a Note for paying our 
Quota towards building a Fort at the Pond, as allso the Vol- 
lentier Act One hundred pounds a Scalp and 2/6 g Day 
while on Duty and have given all possible Incorragem* for 
Vollentiers. 

I did not Discharge our men untill I Received your letter, 
which was Tuesday after noon we Thot then out of time, to 



284 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Send againe, on that Errand, before those Indians are gon off, 
and then you would have men enough to bury the Dead, its 
a strange thing our people should be so dispirited. There was 
in the 63 I sent out 40, as likely lusty Midle aged men as 
can be found in our hole Province but So it was. 

Yesterday came into Berwick Ezekl Davis of Concord, one 
of Cap Lowuel' men, who was Eleven dayes wandring before 
he found the Fort. 

I have him at Portsmouth where he is well Taken care of 
he is wounded in the belly and part of His Thomb Shot off 
& like to do well. 

1 have Sent you what was taken from his mouth Yester- 
day, I fear we shall have a hot Summer. 

I am D'^ Sir your Most Obed' hum^ Serv* 
J Went worth 

Instructions to Capt. Sanders, June 1725. 

You are directed to embrace the first favourable Season of 
Wuid & WeathT & Proceed East with the Comp* of Volun- 
tiers under command in the Sloop Merry Meeting in Quest 
of the Enemy Indians who now infest the Eastern Coast in a 
Scooner by them taken from the English. 

You must put into Falm? in Casco Bay & acquaint Coll. 
Westbrook with your Design & shew him y® Instructions, 
And there get what Intelligence you can of the said Indians, 

And without Making any Delay at Falm? Proceed East 
according to your Intelligence Keeping near the Shoar & 
Sounding for Fish Concealing your Men & Appearing in all 
Respects in such a Manner as may most probably decoy the 
Enemy And Putting into the most likely Places to meet with 
the Indians or gain any Advice of them. And upon Meeting 
them Attack them with your best Courage & Conduct & do 
your utmost to take Kill & destroy them. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 285 

You must proceed East no further than Passammaquody 
& Return in thirty Days j-our Departure from Casco, Unless 
you have a very fair Prospect of Meeting the Enemy And in 
such Case you may extend your Cruize farther both as to 
Time & Place. 

Send Coll. Dowcett L* GoV of Nova Scotia an Ace* of 
your Design & Proceedings with a Copy of y'^'' Instructions 
If you meet with any Conveyance. 

Let me have Advice from you as often as you have 
Opportunity. 



Letter i* Grov. W^ Dummer to Col Johnson Harman 

s-- 

I have the Letters You lately wrote Me & Shall be Glad 
to hear of Your Success Upon Your Return You may Come 
to Boston to make up Your Roll which I understand labours 
upon a Complaint given into the house by or on behalf of 
Two of Your Men Sign'd by them pretending that You have 
detain'd their Wages from them & Rec*^ the Wages of one of 
them without his Order which he Sa3's he gave only to Cap* 
Nowell I doubt not of Your Justifying Your self against 
these Charges & am Your Humble Serv' 

4'^ June 1725 W D - 

The Names of the Men are, Jos : Crosby & Hugh Holman 
Col? Harman 

» 

Letter L\ Oov. W^ Dummer to Col. T. Westhrook 

Boston 4*'^ June 1725 
S^ 

I have Rec? many of Yours lately & perceive Your great 
Industry to obtain an opportunity of doing Some Service 



286 DOCtriSIENTAIlY HISTORY 

against the Enemy & the Reinforcem* of Indians being as I 
hope 'ere this Arriv'd You, I doubt not of Your Employing 
them in Some Notable Enterprize, This Covers Docf^ Bacons 
Commissi under Cap* Bourn & also Jerem^ House to be 
* Lieu* of the other Compan^ of Indians for They must be 
Divided into Two Companys Howes' Commission has a 
Blank for the Name of the Captain who must be Some Able 
Active Man I hope Cap* Bourn will be with You in a Short 
time with More Indians & by Cap* Franklyn You Shall have 
so Good Whale Boats, for the present You will Send those 
Indians out in a body or otherwise Employ them as You 
Shall upon the Best Intelligence find most proper for the 
Service. Two fellows of CoP Harmons Company have put 
in a petition to the Gen' Court to have him Sent for to 
Answer to their Complaints of Detaining their Wages from 
them, And the House have it Seems thought it worth while 
to Address Me that he may be sent for accordingly, And tho 
I don't think proper to Send for him Yet I would have You 
to tell him that he may have Liberty to Come to Town to 
Make up his Muster Roll which for the present is Demur'd 
as I am Inform'd. M' Grant moves me for a Reinforcem* of 
Two Men at the Garrison house of James Grey, Let him 
have them if it be Necessary & You can Spare them. Tell 
Cap* Moulton that I expect if you have a prospect of any 
Eminent Service that he be Ready to March when You shall 
Direct him. If it be Consistent with the present occasion of 
Service let Cap* Oliver Come to make up his Muster Roll 

I am Y"^ Humble Serv* 

W D^ 
If it be necessary for You to come to the Court after You 
have Dispos'd the Troops in the best Manner You Can You 
May do it — After the present Exigency the Indians 
must be Employed according to my former Orders. X 
Deliver the Enclos'd to Col? Harmon 
CoP Tho^ Westbrook 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 287 

Letter I}. Grov. TP" Bummer to L^. Gov. J. Wentivorth 

June 21, 1725, 
Sir 

Upon Advice of the iNIotions of the Enemy I have 
Order'd two Troops from Ipswich & Nev/bury for Securmg 
the County of York to have their Head Quarters at Berwick 
& Wells, And am Raising four Companies of Voluntiers, 
whom I intend to send a cross the Countrey from Dunstable 
to Berwick ( which will be a great Defence to 3'our Province ) 
to be employed for the Annoyance of the Enemy according 
as thej^ shall have Intelhgence of their INIotions after their 
Arrival in the County of York ; I have likewise sent into 
the County of Bristol for thirty Indians, & Expect all the s"* 
Companies will be ready to March m a few^ Days. 

I have likewise Order'd a Company of A^oluntiers to be 
raised in the County of York for this Service. 

And I hope you will Levy 100 men at least in 
your Governm* upon this critical Juncture. 

L* Gov^ Wentworth 



Instructions to CoV Noyes ^' Appleton, June 21, 1725. 

[ In the hand-writing of Secretary Willard ] 
Instructions to the Commanders of the two Troops to be 
drawn out of the County of Essex & sent for the Defence of 
the Towns in the County of York. 

You must march directly to the Towns of Wells & Ber- 
wick one of them must be'posted at Berwick & the other at 
Wells as their Head Quarters ; 

They must generally be employ'd in passing through the 
Woods from the Heads of the said two Towns, unless more 
important business call them off & carefully look out for the 



288 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Tracks of the Enemy, & pursue them in all Places that are 
practicable, till they come up with them. 

Upon Intelligence of the Enemies Assaulting any of the 
Places in the said County, Whether the Eastern or Western 
Towns, They must immediately Repair to the said Towns for 
their Defence & the Annoyance of the Enemy ; 

And in all Things they must act with the greatest Conduct 
& Vigour for the safeguard of the Inhabitants & Destruction 
of the Enemy : the Troopers must be assured for their 
Encouragem* That the Governm* will allow them 100 lb for 
each Scalp, besides their Wages for such Indians as they shall 
kill in their Marchings & Scoutings. 

The said Commanders of the Troops must from Time to 
Time follow such Orders as y^ shall receive from T. W. Chief 
Commander of the Eastern Forces. 
[ Indorsed ; in the hand-writing of L* Gov. W™ Dummer, ] 

I supose you intend these instructions for Col° Westbrook, 
there must be instruction to each Cap* besides - agreeable 
hereto, begining w^^ an instruction to march forthwith to 
those Towns 

W D 



Letter Col T. Westbrook to L\ G-ov. TF'" Dummer 

May it Please your HonV 

In my last of the 17*^ Ins* linformd that 
Cap* Bourn and Cap* Franklyn were not come, whom your 
Hon"" informd me in your's of the 4*'' Curr* would be with 
me in a few days ; We have not more than Six days Provision 
left, if Franklyn do not arrive in a few days I shall not be 
able to keep the Scouts out. 



OF THE STATE OF MAESTE 289 

Jo : Nebon asserts that the Penobscot Tribe have planted 
a great Quantity of Corn at their old Town & at their new, 
but Saccaristis will not own they have planted any below 
their new Town. Saccaristis affirms that y* Indians fitted out 
two of the Scooners y* they took last Summer & went a fish- 
ing & getting Seils off at Grand Menan and the Mouth of S* 
Johns River some time in the latter end of May last, I am 
someth^' surpriz'd the Indians are so still at this Juncture — 

I omitted to inform your Hon* of Cap* Moultons return 
on the 15^^ of this Ins' from Pigwocket, he made little or 
no Discovery of the Enemy saving where Cap* Lovewell had 
his fight there he found the place where the Bodies of twelve 
of our men and four of the Enemy were buried. 

As they went up by the side of Ossaby River they found 

a dead body and judge it to be Cap* Lovewell's Lieu^ I 

would have sent Cap* Slocom with the Hostages before this 

had there been any Winds tho loth to part with the sloop till 

another Sloop arrivd, it being of absolute necessity to have 

one constantly here, we having frequent Occasion to remove 

Provision from place to place, according to our marches. If 

you Hon' shou'd thmk fit, I believe it wou'd be best that all 

the Officers return to their Posts assoon as their Affairs will 

adraitt of it, so that we may be in the best posture we can in 

all our Frontiers to receive the Enemy in case they shou'd 

make their Attempts on us. 

I am Your Hon''^ most Dutifull Serv* 

Tho« Westbrook 
Falmouth 22'^ June 1725 

Letter Col. T, Westbrook to L\ G-ov. Bummer 

May it please your Hon' 

I wrote the Enclos'd about ten a Clock 
in the forenoon, Cap* Franklin arrived here about Eight a 
Clock in the evening by whom I rece'd your Honors orders 

19 



290 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Dated the 16'^*' Curr* which I shall strictly observe, I have 

this morning landed the stores, and now wait for a fair wind 

to send Cap* Penhallow with twenty men on board the Sloop 

to proceed to Arrowsick & S* Georges to see wether the 

Indians have not attackt those garrisons in as much as I 

camiot learn any thing of them up this way. 

I had forgot to inform in the enclosed that Sacaristy 

says that there was Sixty Indians at Black point when they 

burnt the houses and killd the Cattle there on the 29*^ of 

last April and that it was the same Indians that fought 

Cap* Lovewell at Ossiby which well agrees with Lovells 

fight that being the T''^ of May following 

Falm? June 23^725. 

I am your HonT® most dutifull humble Servant 

Tho^ Westbrook 
P. S. 

I would fain wait till Cap* Bourn comes down 

that I may settle Indian Comp^® so that they may be easy. 

T. W. 



Letter Col. John Appleton to I}. Crov. Dummer. 

Ipsw June 23'i 1725 
May it Pleas Yo Hony 

You"^ Hon''* Order came to my hand on 
Tuesday y« 22»? the 23*'» they March-^ Cap* Joseph Gold 
Comand'" w*** a full Troop to the Estward according to 
Yo^ Hon^ order ~ 

The Troops in y^ Reigment of Late do not consist more 
then 40. Men besides theire officers — considering the diffi- 
culty & dange'' of theire Marching in the Estward parts, I 
have taken out of Ipswich & Rowly Troop to make him a 
full Troop to y*' numb of Six*? ]Men, they are all likely Men 
& are well fitted, & goe out w*'* good Courage ( if I have 



OF THE STATE OF MALKE 291 

transgress** I pray that yo"" Hon'' woold Signify it to me I bad 
no ord", to subsist the men ; I ordered euery Man to take 3 
or 4 days provition to carry tbem to Wells : & I Assured 
tbem it woold be allow'' as heretofore 

I am Yo'' Hon" Most Obd* most Humble Serv* 

John Appleton 

A. Cumings Usq^.^ to MX Secretary Popple. 
[ Inclosing Memorial.] 

Inclosed I have sent you the Memoriall of the Officers of 
the Customes in these parts to the Right Hon^.'® board repre- 
senting the trade of these Plantations for the Lordships 
Consideration. 

I wrote gome time Since to the Hon^.'® Board about a 
Scheme for Saving the Nation X 80000 pound p annum which 
if ther Lordships approve off shall be ready to obey tlier 
commands. 

The fishery att Canso this year is very great and like to be 
Successfull about 200 saill of Small vessels gone from these 
parts to fish on that coast and if have protection will prove 
very considerable and Beneficial to the British nations for 
returnes of the Commodities Imported here. 

The Great Currency of Paper bills of Credite very hurtfull 
to Trade and the Expedient of Issuing them forth upon Loan 
has been very prejudicial thesse affairs of Trade require Seri- 
ous consideration and a Speedy releif which I doubt not but 
ther Lordships will give ther ready Concurrence therto please 
Give my humble duty to ther Lordships and accept of my 
Sincere respects to your Self who am upon all occasions 
S^ Your most Obedient Humble Serv* 

Arch'.^ Cumings 
Boston June 23'.^ 1725 
To Allured Popple Esq^ 



292 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter U. G-ov. Dummer to Col. Johnson Harman. 

" Lett' to L* Col° Harman June 23 1725." 

If you Can Inlist men to make up your Comp? It will bee 
very acceptable to Me w*^ I choose rather than Impressing & 
do hereby give you direction for what Able Men you Can 
gett for that purpose who are not of the County of Yorke 

Y / 

To ColP Johnson Harman 
Boston 25*? June 1725. 



Letter Col. T. Westbrook to L^ Gov. Bummer 

Falm? June 24*? 1725 
May it please your Hon'^ 

Some hours after I had Seal'd ray last the wind 
came fair for Cap*? Penhallow to go East which he Embract, 
and the Sloop had not been out of sight more than an hour 
before I rec'd a verbal ace? from L* Dominicus Jordan ( who 
was out with his Scout ) that the Indians had kill'd a man at 
Spurwink garrison, and that he heard the Guns, and was 
on y® spott in less then two hours, I cannot give a further 
Ace* at present, Cap! Kenady will be able to inform your 
Hon^ the posture wee are in at this time. If your Hon^ 
should think fitt I will give Lieu! Jordan the Command of 
the second Company of Indians. 

I am your Hon'"? most dutif uU Humbl Servant 

Tho» Westbrook 



To the Kings most Excellent Majesty 

The Memorial and address of the Lieutenant Governor, 
Council and Representatives of the Province of the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 293 

Massachusets Bay, in New England in General Court 

Assembled 
Most Humbly Sheweth 

That this Your Majesty's Government 
after many unjust and insufferable abuses, Depredations and 
Insults committed by the Indians ; Instigated and excited by 
the French King's Subjects, and more especially by Monsieur 
Vaudreuil Governour of Canada, were obliged contrary to 
their o\^^l inclinations to enter into a War with them which 
has now contmued these Three Years and is become almost 
insupportable to this Province, by reason of the Excessive 
Charge thereof, besides the great Loss Your Majesty's Sub- 
jects have Sustained both in their Husbandry and Fishery, 
and in their other Business by Sea and Land the Slaying and 
Captivating many of your Majesty's good Subjects w^ is 
owing to the Conduct of the said French Government and 
the wicked practices of the Jesuits, and other Romish 
Priests, although the s? Monsieur Vaudreuil has often by 
your Majestys Governor and Lieutenant Governor been 
wrote to on that Head, and of late Commissioners were sent 
from this Your Majesty's Government to demand of hun to 
withdraw that aid and assistance he has afforded to our 
Indian Enemys notwithstanding which, and all the measures 
that have been taken to induce hun to desist, he still goes 
on, and even while the Commissi"? were in Canada the last 
Winter, the said French Governor ( as he had often done ) 
was exciting and persuading, several other Tribes of Indians 
to the War against Your Majesty's Subjects of this Province, 
as the Indians themselves informed them, and after much 
expostulation on this head with the said Governor, he had 
the assurance in behalf of the Indian Enemy to insist upon 
it. That this Government should q^uit and abandon all the 
Forts and Towns for the Space of Thirty Leagues on the 
Sea Coasts within the Grant to this Province, from Your 



294 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Majesty's Royal Predecessors which has been settled and 
peopled more than Seventy Years. In which Tract of Land 
groweth most of the Timber fit for building Ships and Mast- 
ing Your Majesty's Navy, and the Said French Governor 
countenanced the Indians, then in his presence in their 
Demand of the whole Country, or Territory of L'Accadie or 
Nova Scotia, excepting only Your Majesty's Fort of Annapo- 
lis Royal, and that the British Subjects should not Fish in 
and about the Sea Coasts, whereby they would be stript of 
the most valuable Branch of their Trade and an unspeakable 
Damage happen even unto Your Majestys Realm of Great 
Britain in both these Articles ; and altho it was strenuously 
urged by the agents for this Government upon the French 
Governor, That his Conduct herein was a manifest Breach 
of the Friendship between the two Crowns, and the Treaty 
of Peace concluded at Utrecht, whereby all Nova Scotia or 
L'accadie was surrendred up according to its ancient bounds 
or Limits to Your Majesty, Your Heirs and Successors for 
ever, and the French King's Subjects to have nothing to do 
therein, yet the S? Governor has constantly a French officer 
in the Pay of the French King at the head of the Indians 
who resides in Your Majesty's Dominions and we are 
informed by some of our Captives, he hath been so inhuman 
as to suffer five of Your Majesty's Subjects to be murthered 
and burnt after they were taken, and upon this Government 
demanding by their Commissioners Your Majesty's Subjects 
Captivated by the Indians and in the hands of French at 
Canada, the Governor of that Country refused to deliver or 
return them, unless they were purchased, and that at an 
exorbitant price, so that it cost the Relatives of some of 
those distressed people upwards of Fifty pounds a piece for 
the Recovery of their friends who are bought and sold and 
treated more like Slaves than Christians. 

We would with all humility represent to Your Majesty that 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 295 

the plain design of the French Governor m this management 
is to deprive Your Majesty of Your just Sovereignty over 
these Tribes of Indians and to prevent Your Majesty's Sub- 
jects settling in those parts of the Country, and Supplying 
Your Royal Navy with Masts Planks and Timber of all Sorts 
and threatens the Destruction of the Fishery on the whole 
Coast of L'Accadie and as far Westward as Piscataqua River, 
all which would not only be an unjust Diminution of Your 
Majesty's RightfuU and extended Dominion in North Amer- 
ica but also prejudicial to the Several Provinces and Govern- 
ments therein, and even to the Trade and Commerce of Great 
Britain. 

And in as much as your Majesty's Colonies of Rhode 
Island and Connecticut are covered by us and the Towns of 
this Province are a Barrier and Security to them, and Your 
Majesty's Commands have been heretofore given to Your 
Severall Governm^? of the Massachusetts, New York Con- 
necticut and Rhode Island for furnishing their respective 
Quotas to each other in Case of a War, and pursuant thereto 
we have made application to them for obtaming their Quotas 
in the present War, Yet we have not been able to prevail with 
them to furnish the same altho' this Government have here- 
tofore supplied a Considerable number of Soldiers for the 
Defence of Albany, within the Government of New York 
when in Great Distress by the Enemy. 

We therefore humbly Supplicate Your most Gracious Maj- 
esty that you will please to renew your Command to those 
Governments for that End, and that Your Majesty will direct 
your Governor at New York, to use his Interest with the Six 
Nations of Maquois bordering upon his Government to joyn 
with us against the Indian Enemy. 

All which is most humbly offered and submitted to Your 
Majesty's just. Wise and most Gracious Consideration and 
Compassion by Your Majesty's Most Loyal Dutifull and 



296 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Obedient Servants and Subjects The Lieutenant Governour, 
Council and Representatives of the Province of the Massa- 
chusets Bay 

By their Order 
Boston June 25*? 1725 Josiah Willard Secretary 

E :) Copy of a Memorial from the Lieutenant Governour of 
New E7igland. 

E : New England Ere from W. JDelafaye ofy^. 25^^ of SepfT 
1725 referring to y^ Board hy order of y^ Eds Justices a 
Memorial ^ address from y^. E\ GovZ Council ^ Assem- 
bly of y^. Massachusets Bay, relating to a Quota of assist- 
ance from y^. Neighbouring Colonies ag\ y^. Indians 
Reed. SeptemZ 27^^ Read SeptemZ 30 : 1725. 



Letter Col. T. Wesibrooh to L*. Grov. Bummer 

May it please your Hon'' 

I rec"^ your Hon" orders of the 19*^ and 
of the 218? on the 26'^ of this Ins* ab^ nine or ten a Clock at 
night, I immediately dispacth repeated orders to all our fron- 
teirs in the County of York to be strict on their gaurds, and 
orders to Cap* Moulton to Assist the Cap*? of the Troops 
with experienct and faithf ull Pilots. — I constantly keep out 
Scouts some distance from the Towns endeavouring to make 
discovery. — I wrote some Letters g Cap*" Kenady which will 
not be long before they come to your Hon""? hands. — I dili- 
gently searcht to find out w*"^ way y* Scout came y* killed y® 
man at Spurwink but cannot find out unless they came by 
water. 

I am your Hon" most Dutiful Humb^ Servant 
Falm? June 26*'^ 1725 Tho" Westbrook 



OF THE STATE OF IVIAINE 297 

Letter L\ Grov. W^ Bummer to Col. T. Westbrook. 

Sir, 

I am inform'd that the Indians lately enlisted under Cpt. 
Bourne especially those 11. that Came last to you g Saunders 
have complained of great Injustice done them by Defrauding 
them of a Part of tlie Money allow'd by the Governm! for 
their Enlisting which was 20/. a Man. I would therefore have 
you take the first Opportunity, To enquire of the Indians if 
they can charge any of the Officers concern'd in Detaining 
from them tlieir Money. And if any of them say they have 
not rec^ the whole of their Premium, Call the Officer that 
gave them their Money & the Indians that complain before 
you, And make the strictest Inquiry .into the Truth of this 
Matter ; For if I find the Indians have been any Ways 
oppress'd I shall take Care that full Satisfaction be given 
them, And such Officers shall have the utmost Marks of my 
Displeasure. Therefore I expect that you be very much in 
Earnest about this Inquiry. 

I enclose An Ace? of intelligence I have from some that 
are acquainted w*** the Indians affaires, which may be of use 
to you tho. I doubt not but you have taken Care to gett the 
best information in order to gforme some such service now 
When you shall have a good Number of Men with you I have 
two Deserters in Custody, one in Cambridge Goal & the other 
In Newbury, who being notorious offenders I shall by Advice 
of the Councill putt over into your Hands to be try'd by a 
Court Martial for an Example of Terrour to others It being 
of the higliest Consequence to Check that Speritt amounghst 
the fforces. they shall both of them be Secured in Newbury 
Goal forthwith & I direct you send downe a faithfuU Serjeant 
w*^ Seaven Men to take them into Custody «& bring to Fal- 
mouth in order to tlieir speedy tryal & you must take Care 
to have a sufficient number of ollicors to Make a Court. You 



298 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

shall have a more gticular Acct of these deserters in order 
to your proceedmgs lodged at Newbury to go along wth. 

Letter J. Stoddard <f J. Wainwright. 

Portsmouth. June 28. 1725 

The Sloop Merry-Meeting arrived at New-Castle yester- 
day about three of the Clock afternoon, and after the deliv- 
ery of your Hon" Letter to Lieut".' Gov"'' Wentworth he 
caUed his Council together, and by their advice did appoint 
Co" Shadrach Walton to Joyn with us in our Affair with 
the Eastern Indians, we hope he will be ready to goe on 
Board alittle after noon. 

Lieut".* Gov"' Wentworth thinks that the Indians will not 
much encline to goe to Boston, but Choose rather to come to 
Casco-Bay, or Winter Harbour, which places he Judgeth 
more convenient for a Conference than Boston, where ( he 
saith) those Indians did never meet on such an Occasion, 
and ( accordingly ) in his Instructions to Col". Walton, does 
allow him to agree to their coming to either of s^ places, if 
the Indians doe Insist upon it. 

We are your Hon*"? most Humble Obedient Servants, 

John Stoddard 
John Wainwright 
To His Hon' Lieut"' Gov"' Dummer &c 

Letter John Stoddard ^ John Wainwright to L^ Gov. 
W^ Dummer 

from on board the Sloop Merry-Meeting 
at New-Castle, June 28 — 1725. 

S' 

Since we wrote. Cap' Slocum came into this Harbour with 

the two Indians, which are now on board with us. they tell 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 299 

US that the S"' John? and Cape Sable Indians have agreed to 
abide by what the Penobscott Indians have directed him to 
acquaint your Hon!! that they are willing to be at Peace, 
and that it lyeth with you whither there shall be Peace or 
not. they are desirous to treat in their own River which 
hath not been Stained with Blood, they further add that 
when we Come to S"' George? they can soon find some of 
the Penobscott Indians and bring them to us. 

we are now weighing Anehour, and hope to be at Casco 
Bay before too Morrow Morning : 

And are your Hon" Most Humble Servants 

John Stoddard 
John Wainwright 
P. S. 

This goes by Cap* Slocum Who we 
desire may be dispatchd to Casco Bay 
as Soon as may be where we shall leave 
directions where we may be found — 



Fahnouth July 3* 1725 
May it Please your Hon'/ 

I examin'd the undernamed Indians relating their 
Enlisting \vith Cap' Bourn and they say they rec? no more 
money than is Annex'd to each mans name. I immediately 
sent for Cap* Bourn while they were present, and askt him 
the reason, his Answer was that he agreed with them for that 
sum and no more, which some of the Indians own'd and others 
made Excuses and said they did not so well understand it. 
Cap* Bourns says that he Enlisted them in the Room of some 
that Deserted and inform'd them that lliey should receive 



300 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

wages from the time that the Deserters Enlisted & that they 
were well satisfy'd therewith. 

I am Your Hon" most Dutifull Humble Serv* 

Tho^ Westbrook 
JohnComshite rec? £00, 11, 00 David Job 00, 10, 00 

Jacob Paul 00, 10, 00 Aaron Wummock 00, 10, 00 

Thomas Tarah 00, 10, 00 Joshua Hood 00, 10, 00 

Tom Kennaway 00, 10, 00 

[ Superscribed ] 
On his Maj*^ Service 
To The Hon^^« William Dummer Esq"^ Lieu! Gov^ 
& commander in cheif &c In Boston 



Letter — Col. T. Westbrook to L* Gov. W"^ Dummer. 

Fahnouth July S^ 1725. 
May it Please your Hony 

I rec*^ your Hon" Letters by Cap* Bourn of 
the 24*^ and those pr Serj* Parker of the 28*'^ of last Month 
with the enclos'd Information relating-the Indians. I always 
make it my business to get the best Information relating-the 
Enemy I can, and Inform'd your HonT of the Indians living 
on the back of Mount Desert in my letter last September and 
that I was Inform'd they were supply'd from Annapolis by 
some man that married in that Comitry who supply'd one 
Bellisle, a frenchman who married with one of Casteen's 
Daughters and mostly lives thereabouts so that it well agrees 
with the Information Your Hon'f Enclos'd and likewise with 
what I inform'd in my Letter of the 17'^ of March 1724/5 
that two Friars and several of them liv'd at Passimaquoddie 
and Adjacent to it ; as to that part of the Information that 
they are up in the Countrey till the last of June about their 
Corn interfers with their yearly Customs in coming down the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 301 

last of May or not exceeding the first of June to gett Eggs 
and Fowl during wh*'^ time they generally leave their old men 
& women to tend their Corn and then are down again the last 
of July or August Catching Sea Fowl and Seih before I 
seald this I rec'^ your Hon"^^ g Coll" Harmon the 3*^ of July 
which was Dated the 25*'' of last Month. As to the Indians 
planting their Corn I wrote g Cap* Kennedy the best Infor- 
mation I cou'd get at present. By your Hon" Orders to me 
I understand your Hon' intends to visit the Penobscott Tribe. 
We have rec? but four Whale boats since I wrote your 
HonT that we had few or none fit for service so that there is 
necessity of having them from the Castle and ten or twelve 
more, the Indians Cap* Bourn Enlisted are most of them 
in the Woods, fourty are with L* Jordan up Saco River 
whom I dont expect in this ten days and another party are 
with Cap* Penhallow whom I have Directed to attend the 
Commissioners Orders so that I cant Settle them CompJ? at 
present according to your Hon" Orders, I have therefore sent 
Cap' Bourn with these Expresses to wait on your Hon' hear- 
ing little of the Enemy and making no DiscoA^ery of them I 
woud desire to wait on your Hon' a few days at Boston 
before I be put on any further Service. I shall take Care to 
leave the Frontiers on their Guard. 

The Commissioners sail'd from this place y® 30*'' of last 
Month. 

I am Your Hon" most DutifuU Serv* 

Tho* Westbrook 



Letter - Col. T. Westbrook to U Q-ov. W^ Bummer 

Falm° July 3? 1726 
May it please your Hon^ / 

The Enclos'd is the Petitioners 



302 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petition and his Acc^ by w*'? your Hon^ will see the little 

reason the poor fellow had to Complain. 

I am your Hon'? most dutiful Servant 

Tho^ Westbrook 
P. S. 

I rec? your Hon" letters g 

Cap* Bourn and M' Parker the 2^ Curr* 

Letter Col. T. Westbrook to L* W^ Bummer 

Falm" July 4*'^ 17 25 
May it please your Hon*" 

As to the Two Deserters, wee have 
no manner of place at Falm° to secure them, so that they will 
be a great clog to the service ~ neither have wee a sufficient 
number of Commission Officers to try them unless wee call 
them off from their several posts and Scouts so that the service 
will suffer the fronteirs being so long it is difficult getting 
them together. I would pray your Honour either to con- 
tinue them where they are for the present till the Affaires 
are in a better posture, or that they be tryed by the Justices 
of the assises in the County where they were taken, as is 
explain'd in the Sixtht Article of the Martial Law However 
I submitt to your Hon" pleasure And am your Hon'"? most 

Dutifull Humble Servant 

Tho* Westbrook 

Petition of Robert Armstrong 

To the Right Hon''^^ the Lords Commissioners for 

Trade and Plantations. 

The humble Petition of Robert Armstrong. 
Sheweth : 

That your Petitioner intends in a little Time 
to return to New England to do his Duty as Deputy Sur- 
veyor of his Majesty's Woods, which he has taken more Care 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 303 

to preserve ( as he hopes sufficiently appears by the Papers 
before your Lordships) than any of his Predecessors have 
done. 

That being Sensible how great an Injury he has received 
from Cap! Ellis Huske, by his false accustations of your 
Petitioner, as being a Notorious Jacobite & a Person per- 
jur'd on Record, He is resolved to do himself publick Justice 
in New England by bringing an Action of Damages against 
the Said Huske as soon as he arrives there. 

That being advis'd by his Council here that he must 

Carry over sufficient Proofs to Support his Action & nothing 

less than an attested Copy from Your Lordpps Board of the 

said Huske's Information will do. He most humbly prays 

your Lordpps that such an authentick Copy may be Granted 

him. 

And your Petitioner as m Duty bound shall ever}' pray 

Robert Armstrong. 
6*? July 1725. 

Affidavit. 

Falmouth July 6th 1725 
IVP James March on his Arrival here informs y* on Satur- 
day last y" 3'^ Curr' in his coming from Kennebunk to Cape 
Porpoise he spake with a Sloop one Barns of Plymouth Mas- 
ter and informs y* he came from Cape Neger that the Indians 
and French at that place had taken five Vessels that were his 
Consorts they being seven in Company and about an hundred 
Indians and French as near as they cou'd judge pursued after 
him another Vessel but they made their Escape. 
Y S/. 

The Bear"^ M" James March personally appear'd before 
me the Subscriber and Declares that the above mentioned 
Ace* is what Barns the Master of s'' Sloop told him. 

A true Coppy John Gray Jus'' Pacis 



304 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter Col. T. Westhrooh to i* Q-ov. W^ Bummer 
July 7, 1725. 

May it please your Hon"" 



The Lieu* of the man of Warr 
arriv'd here the 6*? Curr* with a small Sloop they took from 
the Indians about Ten days ago, and one Samuel Trask whom 
he redeem'd from Casteen of whom I got the Enclosed Infor- 
mation and the other from Lieu* James March, It seem to me 
as if the proAddence of God had sent him at this Juncture to 
do great service. I designe this night to follow Sanders & 
inform him of the Indian vessel for I question wether he be 
gone from S* Georges, I hear nothing from M'' Grant if your 
Hon^ should draw my men from Berwick & Wells, I am of 
opinion that it would be best for the service to Draw the old 
Soldiers and let the new men gaurd the Inhabitants 
Falm? July 7'*^ 1725 

I am your Hon" most Dutiful Serv* 
Tho^ Westbrook 



Letter- Col. T. Westbrook to L* Grov. TF'" Bummer 
July 8. 1725 

May it please your Hon' 

I have stopt SamV Trask for the present 
by consent of Lieu* Prichard for a Pilott, he has on board 
one M^ Bell that is a very good Pilott, I have talkt with 
him, he is willing to serve the Goverm* if he can get his 
bread by it. if Cap* Slocum be not saild it would be for the 
service to send him with Slocom and if he be to send him by 
the first, wee very much want Slocom 

I am your Hon" most Dutifull servant 
Falm" July 8*? 1725 Tho» Westbrook 



OF THE STATE OF MAUSTE 305 

Letter — U: Gov. W"^ Dummer to Gov. J. Wentworth 
"Lett' to Gov. Wentworth, July 9*'' 1725." 

I must pray you to excuse me that I have not of late 
been more punctual in Acknowledging your Letters w*^^ I 
don't use to be guilty of, but my time towards the End of 
the Sessions was a Little more than ordinarily taken up & 
has been Since. I Consulted the Council about your propo- 
sal for the Indians coming to Winter Harbour &c. but they 
were of opinion it was more honorable to Insist upon their 
Coming to Boston & I have sent orders Accordingly to our 
Commiss" & as I have Little faith of the Sinceritye of the 
Indians for a Peace at psent. & it seeming by Many Concur- 
ring Circumstances that they are Seeking an opertunitye to 
Surprise us & that they aime Cheifly at amusing us till they 
have gott in their Come which wee have an Undoubted 
account that they have planted in Penobscott new Towne & 
Some Say in y^ old Towne too, I have ordered About Two 
hundred & Twenty Men to March thether the Same Way 
that Cap* Heath went the last Year & if you shall thinck litt 
to Send a Company of your Men with them it will strengthen 
them & phaps Make the March More Chearful & I hope if it 
shall please God to Succeed us herein the Indians Will then 
be in earnest for a Peace & Come in whenever wee shall 
think it proper. I have order our fiForees to March the 1* of 
August, if you'l please to keep the Affair Secret as possible 
you may adjust the time of marching w**^ Coll" Westbrook 
who is under order to be very Secret. 

Letter - L\ Gov. W"^ Dummer to John Stoddard ^ 
John Wainwright. 

"Letter to John Stoddard & John Wainwright, July Q***, 
1725." 

I hope ere this you' receive my L^ by Cap* Heath in 

20 



306 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

answer to your last, who saild yesterday Morning with 
Cap* Slocum, this incloses you M'' Winslows Ace? of the 
Indians proceeding at Sea & by this & Many other Accounts 
wee have of their Tracks by Land & they Killed at Spur- 
wink You'l doubtless be of opinion that they have no honest 
intentions towards A peace as Yett & of the Necessity, ( if 
it shall please God to favour us ) of Making some other 
Impression on them. & of retaliating the Injuryes wee have 
rec? from the Penobscott Tribe & without that I doubt 
whether wee shall ever make a good & honorable Peace. I 
hope Sanders is seeking the Privaters before now. I have 
sent by y® same bearer to be Conveyed to Him this inteli- 
gence but if you have any opertunity of Communicating it 
more directly you'l do well to do it. 
John Stoddard & John Wainwright Esq" Comiss"^^ &c 



Letter TJ Crov. W'^ Dummer to Col. T. Westbrook. 

» Letter to Coll Westbrook July Q'"" 1725 
S' 

I received Sundry of your Letters by Cap^ Bourne by 
whome you'l receive this. & I refer you to my L''? by Cap* 
Heath who Saild with Slocum the 8*^ instant by whome was 
sent you 29 Indians from Bristol County Command by Leif* 
Edw^ Southworth. 

I Cannot Consent to your Coming to Boston till the March 
for Penobscott bee proceeded on & then If you Should not go 
your Selfe, I shall be glad to See you in Towne but It would 
give me greater Satisfaction to have that Important Service 
Conducted by your selfe & desire nothing may hinder or 
delay that March but that the fforces May be well on their 
way by the 1' of August, the Gentlemen of the Councill to 
whome I have communicated It are in great Expectation of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 307 

the Success of it & the Provmce being now ;it a Vast Charge 
& the People generaly well Spiritted for a Vigorous prosecu- 
tion of the Warr It will become us to Strike while the Iron 
is hot. 

You'l put 50 of the Indians under the Command of Cap* 
Bourne forthwith and give orders to all the Officers & Com- 
miss'' not to Lett them run in Debt for anything but mere 
Necessaryes, for otherwise it will impead the getting Indians 
in the Service an'' time 

You'l have a Sloop Loaden with Stores of Provisions &c 
with you in a few Dayes. the Treasurer have taken one up 
already for that Service. Slocum brings 4 Whale boats & I 
shall order in a Little time. 

If You have not sent to Newbury for those Deserters You 
may Defer that Matter till further Order, 

You Will always remember that this matter must be 
kept an Inviolable Secret And therefore You must 
make what Amusements You think proper for that 
end. 



Letter - U Grov. W'"' Dumvier to Col. T. Westhrook. 

"Letter to Coll' Westbrook & Cap' Sanders 9**^ July 1725." 

This incloses you An Ace' I just now rec** of the Enter- 
prises of the Indians upon your Coast I have sent one to be 
forwarded to Cap' Sanders if you have any opertunity you'l 
do well to send Him a duplicate keep a good looke out The 
Indians will Certainely Surprise you if they Can if it were 
onely to introduce an honorable peace for them. 

Colli Westbrook/ 



308 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter - U Gov. W^ Dummer to Cap* Sanders 9*^ July 

1725. 

This inclose You An Account I recev^ this Day of the 
Indian Enterprises at Sea. I make no doubt but youl do 
the utmost to finde & Surprise them you have now an oper- 
tunity by the favor of God to do Some good Service. I hav 
nothing more to ad but depend on your Industry Vigilance 
& Courage I shall bee in hope every Day to receive some 
good Ace? from you & am Y"^ ffriend to serve you 
Cap? Sanders. 

Letter J. Stoddard Sha Walton ^ Jn° Wainwright. Gomnf^ to 
Wenemonet ^ other chiefs. 

S» Georges July 10*? 1725 
Sungamock, 

We received Your Letter of the twentieth Instant 

New Stile, wherein You Complain of Unjust & Unchristian 

Treatment You have received from Liev* Manoor. 

We know of no Man of that Name, yet doubtless we shall 
be able when we arrive at Boston to understand who it is 
that hath perpetrated So Vile an Action, and shall readily 
use Our Interest that the Man may be brought to Justice. 

The Action as Represented by you is detestable, and ought 
not to be Countenanced by any Government, especially by 
those that profess Christianity. Whether you are rightly 
informed of the Facts we shall not be able to judge until we 
hear what the Man can say for himself. We should more 
readily conclude that the Relation of the Action Made to 
You was reall, if We w.ire assured that the French man from 
whom You had it was not a Gainer by the War, but if you 
can produce those Letters, Your Messengers inform us, were 
Sent on shoar by the officer You Mention, it will enable the 
Governments to convict him of his perfidious Dealing. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 309 

We do assure 3'ou that no Vessell hath been Sent by the 
Governments to Penobscot or thereabout with a flagg of 
Truice, and if any Man hath pretended to Set up such a Sig- 
nal, he hath done it of his own mere Motion, which is an 
Abuse offered to the Governments, and tends to bring the 
publick Faith in Question. 

We were Sent hither by the Governments of the INIassa- 
chusetts Bay and New Hampshire, as we informed you in 
Our former Letter, and have with us Cap*^ Bane and Cap* 
Jordan who are known to You, and have been seen by divers 
of your people. 

We have already given you Assurances of your Safety in 
Case You Come hither. 

We are desirous to make a Speedy return, Yet shall make 
Our Selves easy Six days by which Time You may doubtless 
be here you being at little Distance, which Appears from 
your Letter's being dated yesterday, which was the twentieth 
New Stile. 

In the Name & by Order of the Governments of 
the Massachusetts Bay and New Hampshire 
Jn° Stoddard . 
Sha Walton V Commission" 

Jn? Wain Wright J 

To Wenemonet & the other Chiefs of the Indian Tribes.- 

Copy 



Letter Capt Joseph Heath to U: Oov. W'"- Dummer 

Fahnouth July 12*? 1725 
Honorable 

S^ The ll'** Currant I came heither & Delivered 
to Colo' Westbrook the Indians with y" four whale Boats and 
Your Honours Letters. 



310 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

I continue Exceeding week, & tho Heartily willing, fear 
I shall not be able to march as appointed ; And least I 
should not have Strength to Travel, would Humbley Suggest 
to your Honour that Cap* Wheelwright and Ensigne Brad- 
bury who were with me last winter, are able to pilote the 
army through, whose Greatest Difficulty will be the length 
of y® way & want of water. 

I am Your Honours Most Humble Obedient Servant 

Joseph Heath 
Colo* Westbrook has ( with a Suitable 
Caution ) acquamted me with your 
Honours Last Orders to him- which 
is y* Cause of my writing as above. 



Letter " Col. T. Westbrook to L*. Q-ov. TF'" Dummer 

May it Please your Hon^ / 

I rec'* your Hon" Orders g Cp! Heath 
Dated y^ Q^^ Curr* on the ll*** Ins^ whereon I immediately 
Dispatcht Orders to Lieu' Coll° Harmon with what men 
of his CompT he had left to march immediately to this 
Place, and to draw ten men from Berwick out of Cap* 
Olivers Company and eight out of Cap* Wheelwrights 
CompY concluding them Towns would be well coverd with 
the Remainder and the Troops. At the same time sent 
Orders to Cap* Grant to march in five or six days or I should 
stay for him. I doubt not but to have the Army on their 
March before ten days be out if I dont stay for some of the 
Forces from York and Berwick. I just now rec'? your Hon" 
Orders and Express to Coll" Stoddard and Cap* Sanders g 
Cap* Oliver about eleven of the Clock. Cap* Oliver informs 
me that Cap* Grant was to march the 12'*^ Ins* so I am 
oblig'd to draw 10 men more from Cap* Oliver. Our People 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 311 

think it will be hard to march to the White hills at this time 
of the year the Weather being so hot. Cap' Oliver heard 
one of the Troopers who had been at Boston say that he was 
in hopes the Troops would be dismist by the middle of this 
week, if so those towns will be very much Expos'd. My 
Express got to York on the 12'^'' Curr^ 

I doubt not but Cap' Heath will be able to march 
altho' he seems to doubt it. 
Falm? July 13*? 1725 

I am your Hon" Most dutifull Humbl Servant 

Tho« Westbrook 
PS 

I don't expect to sleep much night nor Day till I have gott 
the army on their march. I thankfully acknowledge your 
Hon" favour in leaveing it either for me to go or stay I hope 
I shall be ready on their return to head the next party and 
be able to satisfie your hon^ why I stay now. 

Tho Westbrook 
[ Superscribed ] 
On his Maj'^^« Special Service to The Hon^^" WilHam 
Dummer Esq"^ Lieu* Gov'' and Commander in Cheif &c 

In Boston 
To be delivered to the Hon**^ Lieu' Gov' Wentworth so that 
there may be no delay. 

I hope y' Hon' will not think I mistake your orders, for 
if y" please to refer to y' last y" see I understand them 

Letter Josiah Willard, Secretary, to Col. T. Westbrook 

Boston July 14, 1725. 
Sir, 

His Honour the Lieut. Gov' ( who is now at the Castle ) 
bids me tell you That upon Cpt. Bourns earnest Request, He 
has given him a Dismission from the Service, And therefore 
he Orders That Cpt. Dominicus Jordan ( whose Commission 



312 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

will be sent in a few days ) command one Comp? of Indians, 
And that Cpt. Kennedy have the Command of the other for 
this Expedition & that Lieut. Wright be Kennedys Lieuten- 
ant ; That with the other Indians & a proper Number of 
English to be joined with them a Comp^ be made up for Cpt. 
Heath ; It being necessary that a good Number of Officers 
should go upon this March, His Honour thinks it will not be 
needful for you to have the Command of a particular Comp^- 

I am likewise to inform you That his Hon^ has dismiss'd 
the Troops at Berwick & Wells. I heartily wish you Success 
in y" Enterprize, And am with sincere Respects ( Sir ) 

Your most humble Serv* 
J Willard 

If you can project any particular Service by Sea wherein 

M' Bell may be useful to you, his Hon^ will very willingly 

encourage him 

J W 

Letter Col. T. Westbrook to L\ Grov. TF'" Bummer 
July 21, 1725 

May it Please your Hon'^ 

I rec*^ your Hon" Orders g Cap* Kennedy on 
the 20*^ Currt About half the Army marcht for Richmond 
the 20'^? Ins* and this day the rest will march if the Weather 
wUl admitt and if something not now seen do not prevent 
they will march from Richmond on the Twenty fourth of this 
month. If there be any thing design'd against the Enemy on 
the return of the Army at S' Johns Passimaquoddi and in 
Penobscott Bay, then M"^ Bell would be of Service. 

Falmouth July 21«* 1725 
I am your Hon''^ most DutifuU Serv! 
Tho" Westbrook 
P. S. This night since I wrote the above there is Run 
Twenty two Indians out of Cap* Kenadys Company 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 313 

since I gave him the Command of it, notwithstanding 

I shall have the Army on their march as soon as the 

Weather permitts. I fear there has been some bad 

advise given them which I am endeavouring to find 

out 

The bearer Ensign Williams has been in the ser- 
vice about a year and has behav'd himselfe very well 
of whom I shall endeavour to give y'' Hon"" a more 
perticular Ace' 

I am as above T W 



Letter J. D de S^ Castin to L^ Gov. W'"- Dummer 
July 23, 1725. 

Sir 

j have the honour to acquaint you that the 9'^ of this pres- 
ent month as j rode at anchor in a small harbour about three 
miles distant from Nesket, having with me but one jndian 
and one Englishman whom j had redeemed from the Salvages, 
as well as my vessel, j was attackt by an English vessel, the 
Commander of which called himself Lieutenant of the King's 
Sliip, and told me also his name which j cannot remember. 
Seing my self thus attackt and not finding myself able to 
deffend myself j withdrew into the wood forsaking my vessel. 
The Commander of the vessel called me back promising me 
with an oath not to wrong me at all, saying that he was a 
merchant who had no dessein but to trade and was not fitted 
out for war, specially when there was a talk of peace and 
presently Set up a flag of truce, and even gave me tow safe- 
conducts by writing which j have unhappily lost in the fight- 
Thus thinking my self safe enough j came back on board 
my vessel, with my jndian and my Englishman, whom j 
brought to Shew that j had no thoughts of lighting, and that 
j had redeemed him from the jndians as well as the vessel. 



314 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

But as j was going to put on some cloathts to dress my self 
more handsomly the Conunander who was com in my vessel 
with severall of his people would not permitt me to do it, 
telling me that j was no more master of any thing, he only 
granted me after many remonstrances to set me ashore. But 
after j came down and They held forth to me a bag full of 
bisket that was given to me as They said as a payment for 
my Englishman, They did catch hold of me and the jndian 
who accompanyed me. j got rid of him who was going to 
seize upon me, but my jndian not being able to do the same, 
j betook my self to my Arms, and after several voleys, j Kild 
the man who Kept him, and got him safe with me. This is 
the second time that I have been thus treacherously used, 
which proceedings, j do not suppose that you approve off, as 
being against the laws of Nations. Therefore j hope that you 
will do me justice, or at least you will cause me to be reim- 
bursed of the loss j have sustained, namely. 
For the vessel that costed me 80 french pistoles 

For the English man 10 pistoles 

51 pounds of beaver that were in the vessel with 20 otters 
3 coats that costed me together 20 pistoles. 56 pounds of 
shot that costed twenty pence a pound. 20 pounds of powder 
at 4 livres a pound. 10 pounds of tobacco at 20 pence a 
pound. A pair of Scales 8" livres. Tow cloth blanketts each 
23 livres Tow bear skins 8 livres apiece. 4 skins of sea-woolf 
8 livres for the four. 3 axes. 15 livres for both. 2 Kettles 30 
livres for both, and severall other matters which They would 
not grant me not so much as my cap. The retaken Enghsh 
man knoweth the truth of all this his name is Samuell Grass 
of the Town of Salem near Marblehead 

I have the honour to be Sir 
Your most humble & most Obedient Servant 
Joseph Debadis de S' Castin 
At Pentagons 23 July 1725. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 315 

Letter Cap{ S. Wheelwright to L^ Gov. IP'* Dummer 
July 26, 1725. 

May it pleas Your Hon'^ 

This day about Eleven of the Clock In the 
forenoon a man being on Some Occasion out att an old setle- 
ment about a mile distant above the garisons discover'd ten 
Indians being surprised hid himself untill they Passed not 
knowing whither they ware Enemys or Deseaters : 

As soon as I had the acount Geathering my men with 
all Spead att the Severell Garisons My Euis" with four men 
on Hors-back Coming to me discovred part of the Indians 
Coming out : In the scirts of the woods Rode Quick upon 
them and Requiered there Submistion Charging them with 
Desertion which they submited too and on Examination 
understood there was two more In the bushes he sent two of 
the men to Search for them who Endevered to make there 
Escape but the men being on hors back soon heded them 
and then they allso Submited and on Examination they all 
Say that they ware Incoriged by Liv" Bacon Liv" House 
and Ens" Stanfort to deseart and that Enis" Stanfort Prom- 
ised that he would meet them att York : I heave Sent the 
ten Deserters vnder geard to Liv" Brown Att Arondall to be 
Convay'd too Co" Westbrook att Falmoth. 

from your Hono" Most Hum'' and Duitfull Servant 

Sam" Wheelwright 
Wells July: 26: 1725 



Letter Capt. S. Wheelwright to Col. T. Westbrook 
July 26, 1725 

Hon'.' Sir 

This day about Eleven of the Clock one of my 
men being at Little River discovered ten Indians who run 



316 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

away from the Arm}' and thinking they were Enemeis they 
came & made report thereof ; I immediately sent for my men 
in ord'' to Pursue them but while they Avere comeing together 
they were discovered by some of them near the highway, 
about a mile from my Fathers whom wee presently Secur'd 
and took their Arms from them. I askt them the reason 
why they Deserted from their Posts, they told me they were 
Encourag'd by Leiu* Bacon L^ Hows and En? Stanford 
which was the reason of their Desertion and further said that 
En? Stanford promisd to meet them at York I have sent 
the above said Deserters under a Gaurd to L* Brown to be 
Convey'd along to your Hon' 

from your Hon''® most Humble servant 

Samuel Wheelwright 
Wells July 26*'> 1725 

a Coppy To Coll? Thomas Westbrook Esq' 

Letter Col. T. Westbrook to L^ Gov. W^^ Dummer 
July 28, 1725. 

May it please your Hon^ / 

The bearer En^ Noble is the Gen- 
tleman whom y' Hon"' wrote to me of in the year 1723 to 
take notice of and to acquaint your Hon^ of his behaviour, 
he has always readily observed Command and faithfully 
Complyed with all orders he has rec*^ from time to time. 
Fahn? July 28'^ 1725. 

I am your Hon" most Dutifull Servant 

Tho« Westbrook 
PS 

When I have settled the Army in order 
to gaurd the People, On your Hon" 
form' ord'rs shall presume to visit my 
family for a few days T W 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 317 

Letter R. Waldron to L\ Gov. J. Wentworth 

Cochecho 31«» July 1725 

last night came in here Cap*^ Wyman & White & 
say that before they got to Penny Cook their men began to 
be taken sick, w''* a bloody flux, soe that they were forc'd to 
Send Sundry back before they got to peuATOok & that the 
distemper Increased daily till they had not men enough to 
carry their own & Sick mens packs, & at last hardly 20 men 
in a Company were the Successive rains were very hurtfull 
& very much retarded their march by raising y® brooks & 
rivers, & by that time they got to the upper end of Wmi- 
piciauky pond they found their further March as was 
designed Impracticable so v/ere forc'd to return bringing in 
one of their Sick men upon their Shoulders. The two Cap''* 
came to me this morning & were very sollicitous that their 
L* Gov'' might have an Ace" of theh" return assoon as possi- 
ble, I told y™ I w*^ Imediately dispatch it to our L! Gov' 
who I was well assured w"? Exprcssc it to L' Gov^ assoon as 
if_ went hence direct, & this is the onely needfull at p'"s* from 
Yo'' Hon''? most humble Serv* 

Rich<^ Waldron 
[ Superscribed ] 
For his Maj"*"** Service To the Hon"''*'* 

John Wentworth Esq, L* GovT of N Hampshire 
In Portsm" 

Letter - L\ Crov. W"^ Dummer to Col. T. Westhrook 

Boston July 31, 1725. 

Sir 

This comes by Express to Acquaint you That I have 
Agreed with the Penobscot Indians on a Cessation of Arms 
every wliere to the Eastward of Kennebeck River, W*'.'* you 



318 DOCUMENT AliY HISTORY 

must take Care to have strictly & exactly observed till my 
further Order And give Directions y* y* Indians be well 
received at the Fort on S^ Georges River, and that what 
Messages they bring in from their Tribe be forwarded to me 
with all possible Dispatch : You must ( the Hour you receive 
this ) Order Opt. Grant to disband his Company of Volun- 
tiers : And for the Rest of the Forces, They must be employed 
in Guarding the Inhabitants in their Work in the several 
Towns that so they may be as beneficial as possible. If any 
other Companies of Voluntiers come in to your Posts, You 
must acquaint the Captains that I Order them forthwith to 
conduct their Companies Home in that they may there be 
ready for any further Directions. 

Notwithstanding this Truce You must take Care that the 
Forts & Garrisons be carefully guarded to prevent any Sur- 
prise from the Indians. 

" Orders to Cap* White ^ Wyman Aug* 7"' 1725 " 

I received an Ace? from Coll" Westbrook of your returne 
to Cochecho I am very sorry for the Sickness & the difficultys 
of a Wet Season that has Attended your March, & make no 
dout but you have done the uttmost practicable under those 
pressures & Misfortunes, but Since It has Pleased God it 
should be so & that we have lately Concluded a Cessation of 
Arms w*^ the Penobscott Indians in order to bringing about 
a general peace. I Would have repair home & disband your 
Companyes & make up your Muster Roll forthwith allowing 
each man to stand untill his Arrival home. 

Letter Capt. James Grant to L* Q-ov. W"^ Dummer 
Aug. 7, 1725. 

May it Please your Honour 

I Have Rec? a letter from CoP Westbrook of the first 
Instant, Wherein he Says it is your Honours Order, That 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 319 

Upon Siglit Thereof I should disband my Compan}' of 
Voluntiers. 

These ai'e therefore to pray your Honour to Allow me to 
Say That it looks very hard, if it be so. That we should be 
disbanded almost as soon as Enlisted. 

We have put ourselves out of the way to serve the publick 
as Voluntiers, Upon the Encouragement given by the Genl 
Assembly ; And we had Never been at the Trouble and 
Charge we have to; to fit our Selves for this Service, were it 
Not that we Thought we had the publick Faith to Secure us, 
as I think we have in the late Act, which Says, That the 
Encouragment ( therein mentioned ) is to Continue from the 
Enlistment to the first of November. 

We Expect the Benefit of this Act, the war Continuing 
and other Companys are Kept in the service, Else It will 
prove but a snare to us, & we shall not have Justice done 
us — 

I pray y' Honour to Countermand this Order for our Dis- 
banding, And Allow us to make one Essay at least, if it may 
be, after the Enemy, according to the Act, for we are In 
Debt, and I have given Reciepts to the Comissarys for what 
my Men were Necessitated to take up when at y® Eastw*^ to 
fit them for y^ then Intended march und'' Col. Westbrook ; 
And Unless my men Can Get somthing this way to pay me, 
I must loose it, as farr as I Know - Many of them being very 
poor men — 

1 pray y^ Honours favour in this matter as farr as is con- 
sistent with Justice and the publick Good — 

I am Y"^ Honours most obedient humble Serv* 
Berw: Augst 7*? 1725 James Grant 

[ Superscribed ] 
On his Maj^P Service 
To The Hon'"'''^ William Dummer Esq! Lev* GovernT 
and CoiTiand'' in chief in and over his Maj*''^ Province 
of the Massachusetts Bay &c 



320 DOCUMENTARY HISTOBY 

Letter Col. T. Westbrook to U: Gov. W"^ Dummer 
Aug. 12, 1725. 

May it please your Hon'" 

I receivd your Hon''? orders on the 
Eighth Curr* about Ten at Night and the next morning Dis- 
patcht orders to tlie several Officers as g the Enclosed & am 
now sending through the fronteirs to get a gticular state of 
the Army gsuant to your Honours orders & shall send them 
as soon as possible Leiu* CoP Harmon expects to get on his 
march by the 17*^ of this Month at furthest if something not 
yet known do not prevent 

I am your Hon" most dutifull Servant 

Tho« Westbrook 
York August 12*? 1725 



Letter Col. T. Westbrook to L\ Col. J. Harmon Aug. 12. 1725. 

Sir 

Pursuant to His Hon^ Leiu* Gov*" Dummers orders to 
me to draw out one Hundred effective men for you to take 
the immediate command of and march them accordincf to the 
Gov'ts Instructions to you delivered you by me on the 
Eleventh of this Ins* the officers & their men are as follows 
Viz* Yourselfe & Thirty one of your Comjiany, Cap* Heath 
& Twenty three of his Company Cap* Sam'.' Jordan to send 
En? Noble & Eleven men of his Company, Cap* Dominicus 
Jordan & Thirty eight of his Company and I have sent 
ord'"? to the officers of each party on the 9*^ Currant to 
march to Falmouth & there equip their men for twenty two 
days march and wait further orders, excepting Cap* Heath 
and he to be ready equipt at Brunswick, and I expect they 
will be all waiting by the 13*^ Curr* to receive your Com- 
mands. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 321 

I have nothing further to add but to recommend it to 
you to make all the Dispatch with all the secrecy possible it 
being his Hon^ the Leiu* Gov^^ gticular orders. 

I am S'^ yours to serve 

T. W 
P S 

On your return direct each Officer and his 
party to their posts & Cap^ Heath to send Cap* 
Kenadys men to him. Docter Bullman is to attend you 

T W 
York August 12*? 1725 

Leiu* Col? Johnson Harmon 



Letter U Gov. TP" Dummer to Col. Armstrong Aug. 16, 1725 

Sir 

I have the Hon^ of y'« Letter of the 29'?^ of June last, 
And cann't but be surprized at the Exceptions you take At 
y"^? not being Advised of the two Sloops fitted out here to 
cruize on the Eastern Coast of this Province, Since at the 
time of their Departure Your Arrival in these Parts was not 
known here. Nor have you since till on this Occasion thought 
fit to Notify me thereof, Or of y" having his Majesties Com- 
mission for L* Gov"" of Nova Scotia, W''^ I think would have 
been but agreable to the Practice amongst Gentlemen in our 
Station, & your Intentions express'd in your Letter such ; 
W*^'' duly considered, would have left no Room for Censuring 
me as wanting in Complaisance & Friendship : And you may 
assure y"self Nothing shall be wanting on my Part to main- 
tain a good Neighbourhood & for Acting in Concert with you 
in such Matters as concern his Majesties Service & the Mutual 
Advantages of the two Provinces, so long as I have the Hon^ 
to serve his Majesty in this Station. 

I have communicated y"^^ Letf to his Maj'*''' Council of this 
Prov. & have taken their Opinion as to those Articles in it 

21 



322 DOCUMENTABYHISTOIIY 

that are of a more publick Concern, And with their Advice 
I nowe inform you That some Time in June last divers 
Indians of Penobscot came into the Fort at S^ Georges under 
a Flagg of Truce, had in their Discourse with the Officers 
there manifested their Inclination to Peace and their Desire 
that some Gent, might be sent from this Governm* to confer 
further with them on that Subject. In Compliance with w''^ 
& at the Motion of the Gen". Assembly, I sent two Gent, to 
S* Georges with Instructions ( of which you have a Copy 
enclosed ) They mett a considerable Number of Indians, who 
all express'd their Disposition to Peace, And sent two of their 
Chief Men to Boston to ask a Cessation of Arms till they 
could get all their People together & engage the Neighbour- 
ing Tribes to act in concurrence with them in Sending their 
Delegates to Boston to make their Submission to his Majesty, 
& agree upon Articles of Pacification : The Issue of our Con- 
ferences with these two Men was our Granting them a Ces- 
sation in all parts to the Eastw^ of Kennebeck River, for the 
Space of Forty Days from the Landing of these Messengers 
at their Return As you will see by the s^ Conferences w*'*^ I 
have also enclosed. What further Intelligence I may have 
of the Dispositions & Intentions of the Indians as to this 
Affair I shall communicate to you, as I have Opportunity. If 
jou think it will be for his Majesties Service & for the Ben- 
efit of y" Governm* to send y'? Deputies to this Treaty We 
shall be very glad of their Assistance therein. 

We thank you for the Regard you express for the Interests 
of this Prov. as well in the Protection & Encouragem^ given 
to our Fishery ( W*^'* mil very much contribute to the grow- 
ing and flourishing Estate of y® Province under your Gov- 
ernm! & be for the Advantage of the Trade of G* Britain 
( & therefore ( without Doubt a Service very acceptable to 
his Majesty ) As allso for y^f Suspending y'" Treaty with the 
Indians, That so Deputies from this Governm* might act in 



OF THE STATE OF RIAINE 323 

Concert with you for the Safeguard of the Subjects of both 
Provmces ; But forasmuch as our Treaty with the Penob. 
Indians is ( in all Probability ) so near And y"* at Annapolis 
so distant & uncertain, We have not concluded to send any 
Deputies to appear for us at Annapolis, Confiding in your 
wise & successful INIanagem* of that Affair, And that you 
will have a Regard to the Interests of his Majesties Subjects 
in Genl^ as well as of your own Province at the same time 
We promise you to have the like Care of the Governm* & 
People of Nova Scotia in our Treaty with the Indians here. 
As to your Proposal for our Sending 60 Indians to join with 
your Forces to stike a Terror into the Enemy, We should 
very cheerfully comply with this Motion, but for some invin- 
cible Difficulties that ly in the Way of it ; For besides That 
our Charter absolutely forbids the Marching any of the 
Inhabitants out of the Limits of the Prov. without their free 
& voluntary Consent or the Consent of the General Assem- 
bly ( who are not sitting at this Time ) It will be esteem'd a 
Breach of our Truce with the Penob. Indians If we sh^ March 
an arm'd Force into any Part of Nova Scotia ; as to the Sup- 
plys given to the French in y^? Neighbourhood, This Gov- 
ernm* have it much at Heart & would be glad to come into 
any proper Measures to prevent that Trade, And I have not 
been wanting in my Endeavours to get an Act pass'd for that 
Purpose, but unless the Governm'* of New Hampshire Rhode 
Island & Connecticut from whence the greatest part of the 
Supplyes go, will join with us in this Affair, Nothing that we 
can do will be effectual. And for the Members of his Majes- 
ties Council, I have no Reason to suspect that any of them 
are concern'd in this mischievous Trade. I have nothing fur- 
ther to offer at gsent but with my hearty wishes for your 
Prosperity & the divine Protection over your gson & Gov- 
ernment I am Sir Y^ Most Obed. & Most humble S8 

William Dummer 



324 DOCUMENTARY HISTOIIY 

Letter John Bacon to I}. Crov. W^^ Dummer 

Barnstable Aug«* 18''' 1725. 
May itt Please Y' Honour ST These may inform Your Hon"" 
That On y® 12'*' of May Last my Son Solomon Bacon was 
here with us, And had Divers Patients under his hands. 
And Cap* Bourn then Coming Down to Our Town was very 
desireous that I should give my Consent that my said Son 
Should go Out with him into the Country* Service, And 
Said he thought if my s*^ Son would go itt would be a great 
incouragement unto the Indians to List. And that he had 
rather my Son should be his Second than Any Man And for 
his Incouragement he Doubted not but that Your Honour 
would give him A Commission therefor And that he should 
have a Warrant to be the Doctor of aU the Indians And 
have both Docf? and Leif*? pay. Whereupon My s** Son did 
Assist in Listing the Indians and was in that Service from 
the s** 12"^ of May until he came to Yourself e riding from 
place to place the One way and Bourn the other to prevail 
with the Indians to List On the terms Your Honour pro- 
posed. And the Indians after they were inlisted were most 
of them with me and Importuned me to give Consent that 
my s** Son should go with them, And especially those 
Indians that were with my son Att the fight att Norwichwak 
Last Year Whereupon by my consent he Left his imploy 
here And a Good Stock of Medicine which he had newly 
purchased in Order to Serve Your Honour, God & the Coun- 
try And went Down to Your Honour And what Incourage- 
ment he had from Y"^ Honour is best known to Your Selfe 
&c~. Yet notwithstanding I Rd A Letter from my s'^ Son 
Dated June 23*^ past wherein he Signifys that he had to that 
time faithfully Attended Your Honours orders & Directions 
but Cap' Bourn was not then Come to him, whereupon I 
writ to him & Advised him to continue faithful! in the trust 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 325 

reposed in him, but On the 8*^ Instant I rec^ A Letter from 
him Dated the 23'^ of July Last And On Other this Day 
wherein he informs me that all the Indians were put under 
other Commanders And that he and Leif* Hows had a for- 
low granted them to Come to Boston to your Honour, upon 
which he saitli they did all they Could to perswade y'' the 
Indians to be content with the officers they were put under 
but notwithstanding On the 21^* of s'' July 21 of s*^ Indians 
deserted And then forthwith the Coronall Confined my 
8? son & s'^ Hows Aboard the Country Sloop And ordered 
them to Richmonds fort. And in his Letters requests me to 
go to Your Honour to intercede for releif. And saith every 
word is true that he writes. And I should now come my 
Self to Your Honour but bodily Infirmitys prevent And 
MajT Gorham Informs me that he informed Your Honour 
how the case was And that Y"^ Honour would take Care that 
they should be dismist but fearing Lest Your Hon"" through 
a Multitude of business should forget their Case I make bold 
to send this to Y"^ Honour Humbly Intreating Y"" Honours 
favour to the Young men And order tlieni forthwith to be 
released And Consider y* imploy My son Left att home And 
the Danger And hardship he has & did Ingage in to Serve 
the Country, And the time & Moneys expended in Listing 
said Indians And will Use Your Indeavours that he as well 
as Leif* Hows may Sutably be rewarded. 

From Y'' Hon" Most Humble and Obedient Servant 

John Bacon 

May it please y' Hon' the above written being Shewn to my 
self there are two things mentioned therein that moves me to 
aske your Hon" favour in order to a Release of the s'' Bacon 
first liis indefatigable industry in Raising the Indians. 2'^ his 
Leaving so good & profitable a practice as he was in to Serve 
his Country: wliich if your hon"" shall Se Cause So far to 



326 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Regaurd as to grant him a Release & dismission in order to 
Return I shall Esteem it as a favor done to my self 
I am your hon' Humble Ser* always Redy at Comand 
Jn° Otis 
[Superscribed] 
To His Honour William Dummer Esq'' 
In Boston // These 



'■'■ Letter from L* John Pritchard^^ to U. Giov. W'"' Dummer, 
" denial of Mons^ Casteens Complaints." 

Boston Aug* 18"' 1725./ 

He withdrew into the Woods before ever he was Attack'd 
or knew what we was. As to my Calling him back I could 
not, for he was too farr off. But sent the Pilot in our Boat 
to talk to him and Ordered him to Decoy them on Board ( if 
possible ) I believing they were Indians. As to my Hoisting 
a Flagg of Truce it was only for the time the Pilot was Talk- 
ing to them, which was about a Quarter of an Hour, and 
when he came on Board it was Haul'd down, That Signifymg 
that I had a Truce with them for the time the flagg was up 
and no Longer. This was Two hours before any thing of a 
Skirraage happened. We will State the Case thus. I am in 
a Ship of Warr and send my Boat on Shoar with a Flagg of 
Truce to the Enemy to Demand such or such things, ( They 
Refusing my Demand,) When the Boat comes off I haul 
down the Flagg of Truce, and am at Warr with them again 
according to the Laws of Nations, and this was the Exact 
Case with us. We never fired under the Flagg of Truce ; He 
says we promised him safe Conduct under Writing which I 
never did nor gave such Orders : He says thus thinking my 
self safe I came back on board my Vessell with my Indian & 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 327 

English Man, I wish he had, for by that means we should 
have got something by the Cruise, but as It is we have got 
only our Labour for Our pains. The vessell Was Condemned 
and Apprized at One hundred pounds & Odd Money of this 
Currency, And was Delivered up to the Owners of her. 

There was some Beavers, and Other Skins which was sold 
together for about 20 pound, which Money I Shared among 
the People which was but a Trifle among 60 Men, And Scarce 
enough to enable them to Drink Your Honours Health, as to 
the Other Trifles which He mentions : all of them were not 
worth Twenty Shillings. 

I am Your Hon" most humble and Obed* Serv* 

Jn° Pritchard 

Letter U Col. Johnson Harmon to Col. T. Westbrook 
Aug. ^2, 1725 

Sir 

Not finding the Men So Ready at Falmouth as I expected 

& high wind has delay'd the Marching till this Morning I got 

to Casco y® IS*** Cur* -but to send as far as Black poynt & 

to fit on the 19 y* 20*'' high wind got to North Yarmouth 21 

to Brunswick wliare I found no heath he had ben thair But 

was gon home & so Send for him he Excuses by not bemg 

well but sent his Coto of men I have taken three from Cap" 

Gray & three from Cap* Moody, but left Several of My one 

Not being able to March thare is not a Man in our armey 

that has ben on Ammuscogin River above the falls but I will 

march this Morning & dew as well as I can when I have 

Closed this Letter have nothing More to Dew but to take up 

our paka & walk with My harty wishes for your well fair 

f^xcuse hast am S"^ your Humble Serv* 

Johnson Harmon 
Brunswick y*' 22'' August 1725 

Cor" Westbrook 



328 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter Satu} Jordan to L^ Grov. Dummer. 

Beddeford August y« 23^ /1725 
Honrd S"" After my duty to your Honour These may 
inform yor Honour that I Racd yor Honours order Dated y® 
Eleventh of August Instant wherein yor Honour orders me 
to Suply Mr Tarbox with a Suficient Guard not Exceding 
Twelve men to get in his hay these may inform yox Honour 
that Colon" Westbrook hath orderd Elevn of my men to go 
the march and I have but Two and Twenty men with me So 
that if I take a Suficient Guard to guard Mr Tarbox I shal 
Leave the Garisons wholy naked and now it is our only Sea- 
son to get our hay and we are all of us in necessity to get 
our hay as well as Mr Tarbox and our Garisons are Such a 
Distance one from the other and not above two men in a 
Garison that Since Colon" Westbrook hath ordrd Elevn of 
my men to go the March I cannot Suply Mr Tarbox with a 
Suficient guard without I Leave the garisons wholly naked 
which is all from yor Honours most Dutyfull and Obedient 
Servant 

Sam" Jordan 



Letter Saim} Cranston to L^ Gov. W"^ Dummer 

S' 

Yesterday arrived here a Sloop from New York, Wherein 
came John Hanson (belonging to Dover New Hampshire) Who 
has been to Canada after his Wife & Children & came away 
from Mont Real the 26*'' day of last Month for Albany & so to 
New York & has brought with him his Wife & three children 
& a Man & boy that were Captives there, And is now going 
to take Passage for New Hampshire in one Thomas Millett 
belonging to that place : They have had a very great Fatigue 
in travelling which makes them Embrace this Oppertunity of 



OF THE STATE OF ISLA.INE 329 

going home by Water. Otherwise they would have gone 
thro'ugh Boston. I am informed by said Hanson That there 
was 150 Indians fitted out publickly at Mont Real & Supply ed 
with Provisions Ammunition &c And marched from thence 
the day before he came away for a place called Shamlee 
Where the Indians were detained 5 days / as s**. Hanson was 
informed by a Frenchman he met with in his passage over the 
Lakes / to prevent them from meeting with any of s**. Han- 
son's Company in their Return home, But he rather believes 
that they waited for more Men to joyn them, because he had 
heard at Mont Real That there was designed 400 Men on 
that Expedition for some part of New England : I thought 
proper to communicate this Information & Shall continue to 
be with the greatest Respect — 

Your Hon" Most Obedient humble Serv* 

Sam^^ Cranston 
Newport Rhode-Island SS*'^ August 1725 

Dr. Bacon has liberty to wait on His ITon^ the X' &ov'^ 

Sir 

Upon your Parole of Honour you have liberty to go to 
Boston to wait on his Hon^ the Leiu* Gov' I havemg rec*^ 
his orders to have all the fronteirs strict on their Guard so 
cannot have the Deserters and you face to face to make strict 
enquiery why they Deserted 

Given under my hand this 27'''' Day of August 1725 
To Doctor Bacon. 

''Orders to Oapt. Smith Aug. 27, 1725'' 

Sir, 

These are to Desire & Direct you forthw*** to embark on 
Board the Sloop Merry Meeting Cpt. Tho. Saunders Master, 



330 DOOUMENTAJRY HISTORY 

& Proceed to Casco Bay, where you must stay no longer than 
to take on Board Cpt. Jos. Bane ( or in Case of his Absence 
Cpt. Sam" Jordan ) who is hereby Order'd to go with you & 
assist as Interpreter, And then sail for S* Georges River & 
Remain at the Fort there to receive y® Penobscot & other 
Indians that may come in in Order to be transported to Bos- 
ton to the intended Treaty. 

Cp* Saunders is hereby Order'd to attend you with his 
Sloop till the Indians are come in & declare their Readiness 
to embark & upon your Directions to him must return hither 
with you & the s? Indians with all possible dispatch. 

You must acquaint the Indians That you are Impower'd 
by me to Receive the Chiefs & Delegates of the several Tribes 
& Conduct them to Boston there to treat of a Peace accord- 
ing to their own Motion & Desire, And that in the mean 
Time You will transmit whatsoever Advices & Messages they 
have to send to me. 

If the Indians sh*^ enter into any Discourse of the War or 
the Terms & Conditions of Peace You must carefully advoid 
those Subjects & by no Means give them any Answer thereto, 
But assure them your Business is only to Accompany them 
to Boston to treat there & to receive & send forward any 
Messages to & from them as aforeds*^. However you must 
note down in Writing any thing of Consequence that they 
shall deliver in their Discourse. You must by no means 
trade with the Indians y" self nor permit or suffer any other 
Persons to Traffick with them on any Acc^ And Inform 
against any such Persons that they may be prosecuted with 
the utmost severity of the Law, At the same time Acquaint- 
ing y* Ind. that when a Peace is settled they will be well 
supplied. 

Let the Indians be treated civilly & no Affront or 111 Usage 
offer'd them & especially be careful to prevent any Drunken- 
ness among them. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 331 

The Officers & others at Fort at S* Georges are hereby 
Required to observe your Directions in all Matters that may 
concern the Affair with w*^.^ you are charged. 



Letter Col. T. Westhrook to U Gov. TP'' Bummer 

May it please your Hon! 

I have got most of the Officers Lists, 
and am drawing fair Coppys of them to send your Honour. 
Cap* Slocom arriv'd here last night from Falmouth but brings 
no news, I hear Col" Harmon raarcht the 20*^? of this Ins* — 
wee have had an Ace? of two or three Indians discovered at 
Berwick a few days ago, and of three at the head of Oyster 
River at a place called little worth, on which I immediately 
gave orders to all the Fronteirs to renew their Care & be 
strict on their guard lest the Enemy surprise them. Cap! Bean 
has been here a few days & says he had your Honours orders 
to visit his family, so that he returned to Georges in Twenty 
five days after the landing the Indians but lest he should be 
wanted I have advised him to get there before the time and 
he designes to set out to morrow morning. 

I am your lion" most DutifuU Serv! 
Tho" Westbrook 



Letter Col. T. Westbrook to L\ Gf-ov. W'"- Bummer. 

May it please your Hon' 

I rec'd your Hon""? orders dated tlie 28^? of 
last month on the 31".' of the same about nine a Clock at 
night which I immediately observed & ordered men to attend 
Cap* Smith- I am surpris'd that your Hon! has not rec'd 
any letters from me since the marcli ordered by your Hon' on 
Amuscoggin River. — I wrote one of y'.' 15M' of August with 



332 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

a Copy of the Draught of OfiQcers & men which I now 
enclose, and another by Cap^ Slocom of the 25*^ which I 
now enclose a Copy of. I should have had the state of the 
Army ready before now had I not reo'd your Hon'* orders 
dated the 23'* of August that there were several parties of 
Indians comeing on us, whereon I immediately went to Wells 
& sent to all the rest of the Towns & garrisons on this side 
Kennebeck river to be strict on their guard - 

I shall use my utmost endeavours to get a Canoo, I wrote 
to Cap* Bean to endeavour to get one at S! Georges-and 
shall lay out every where else 

I am your Hon^* most DutifuU Serv* 
York Sep' 1?* 1725 Tho" Westbrook 

P S Col° Harmons letter is Enclos'd which Informs when 
he marcht. 

Letter Capt. Tho^ Smith to L^ Gov. Bummer 

Falmouth Casco Bay Septem^ 2? 1725 
S^ I gladly embrace this opportunity, by one Munrow of 
Dorchester, to pay my Duty to y^ Honour, tho' only to 
inform y* I arrived here on Monday night y* 30 of August 
& immediately Dispatcht a Whaleboat with your Honours 
Letter to Coll° Westbrook of Wells, Also wrote to Cap* Bean 
at Black Poynt w? arrived here on Tuesday Night, I also 
forwarded your other Letters according to Direction ; have 
been becalmed ever since we came in here and shall improve 
y® first Wind to proceed to S* Georges and now subscribe 
Your Honours most obedient hum' Sert 

Tho" Smith 
[ Superscribed ] 
To the Honour^'* William Dummer Esq' Leiu* Governour 
And Command' in Chief of y^ Province of y* Massachus'^ 
Bay New England 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 333 

Letter Johnson Harmon to U Gov. Dummer Sept. 5, 1725 

May it please your Honour 

Pursuant to your Honours Instructions 
I have been to Rockamagook & Six miles beyond & sent sun- 
drys parties to Scout to the Pond near Amuscoggin & Beaver 
Damms adjacent but made no discovery of y" Enemy worth 
noteing I this day returnd to this place & shall as soon as 
possible send a more particular ace* of the INlarch. Col? West- 
brook gives your Hon^ an Ace* of the Enemys being on the 
Fronteir 

I am your Honours most dutifuU Humbl Servant 
York Sep* 5*** 1725 Johnson Harmon 

Letter Col. T. Weetbrook to L^ Gov. Dummer Sept. 1725 

May it please your Honour 

Leiu* Col° Harmon is this Evening 
returned from his March up Amuscoggin River, but made no- 
discovery of the Enemy worth noteing. on fryday last the 
3'} of this Ins* about Twenty Indians fought Scales garrison 
for some time & killd sundry cattle & carried them away, & 
the same day calld to M' Parkers garrison, I just now receiv'd 
an Ace* from Cap* Wheelwright of an Alarm at Mowson 
whom I had ordered to march with about thirty men to Ber- 
wick which now designes to go that way to Inform more 
gticularly of said Alarm. 

1 am your Hon" most dutifull servant 
Tho" Westbrook 



Albany 6*^ September 1725 
Gentlemen 

We can't express the concern we have for the 
unhappy Indian war your Governm'* is fallen into, and do 



334 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

heartily wish that it was brought to a happy Conclusion & 
Lasting peace with those unhumane Eastern Salvages, whom 
we hear are daly supported by the french Priests & people of 
Canada, and assisted by the neighbouring Indians to annoy 
the People of your Governm* we think we should not dis- 
charge our duty as Subjects of one King and neighbours not 
to Inform you of the Barbarous & Bloody designs of the 
Indians whom as we are Credibly Informd this day are with 
150 men about three weeks Since on their March towards 
your fronteers, and, probably are yet Skulking or hovering 
,) ab* to comitt barbarities, we are also told that 140 Indians 

I were on their March above Chambly in one Body, lY days 

I ago, but it is thought this last party would turn back by y® 

1 perswasion of some from this tho' this is but uncertain. So 

that its adviceable to be on your Guard, we hope this advice 
may come timely and be of service to the publick and frust- 
rate the designs of the Indians, this Express will Expect pay- 
ment from you for his trouble or Journey, we hope youl 
satisfy him. if in any thing we can be serviceable to any in_ 
of your place or Governm* please to comand who are with 
Esteem & Respect. 

Gentlemen Your most humble servants 

Henry: Holland Pieter Van Brugh 
Evert Bancker Ph. Livingston 
I Hend Van Rensselaer 



Col Tho-'. Westbrook to L\ Gov. Bummer Sept. 9, 1725. 

P. S. When I receivd your Hon" orders to be strict on our 
guard and that there was several parties of Indians comeing 
on our fronteirs I heard there was a letter on his Maj*^ ser- 
vice to Col° Wheelwright which I was in hopes was from 
Your Hon'' to order the Inhabitants to be more carefuU, I 
hear since that it never came to his hand. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 335 

My affairs at home more then ordinary wanting me for 
Ten or Twelve days I pray your Hon^^ leave in as much as 
Col° Harmon is on the Spott 

I am your Honours most dutiful! Servant 
York September 9*? 1725 Tho" Westbrook 

Orders to Col. Harmon J^ Cap^. 3IouUon Sept. 9, 1725 

Sir 

These are to direct you to march with thirty effective 
men to Saco Salmon Falls & to cross the Countrey from 
thence to Nort h Yarmouth or Pesumpscot Rive r Keep- 
ing out in the Woods at least ten or twelve Days, Pass- 
ing & Repassing between the said Stations or Lying in 
Ambush in such Places where the Indians may probably 
pass, Taking the utmost Care of your Silence & good 
Order to prevent the Enemies Discovering you. 
Coll. Harmon. 

If you are too much fatigued with your last 
March Let y" Lieut : command this Party 

Cpt. Molton to march from the Head of 
Berwick to Saco Salmon Falls 

Sep^ 9*b 1725 

Letter U. Gov. Bummer to Col. Westbrook Sept. 9, 1725 

S^ These are -to Direct You forthwith to deliver Col" Har- 
mon & Cap* Moulton, the enclos'd Orders & detach so many 
Able Men Indians & others to make up their number for the 
s** Marches w" I desire may bee gformed w'^ the utmost dili- 
gence 
Boston 9*h Sept iY25 Y' Serv* 

Col° Westbrook 



336 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter H. Holland ^ others to U Gov. Bummer 

Albany lO^^^ Septem^ 1725 
Honourable Sir 

We should think it a neglect of our Duty 
as we have the honour to be appointed by his Excel^ Gov"" 
Burnet Esq' &*= to represent him here in relation to Ind" 
Affairs, not to Inform you without Loss of time of a Message 
this day brought us by one of this place / who arriv'd last 
night in 13 days from Canada) who deliver'd us seven hands 
of Wampam from the part of the Cachnawages, Rendax and 
Skawinnadie Ind°' living in Canada, desiring thereby to speak 
with you, or some deputed by you, his Excely our Gov^ & 
the Sachims of the six Nations at this City by the first of 
October next, but about what Subject this propos'd meeting 
is to be we cannot inform you tho its said that some Sachims 
of the Eastern Ind".^ were at Cachnawage so that its conjec- 
tur'd that there may be some proposals made of A Peace 
between you & them which we heartily wish may be brought 
to a happy & desired Issue. We hear the Ind?^ themselves 
are weary of this War but are vigorously sett on & supported 
by the Gov*" of Canada & their priests. We writt by this 
Express to the Justices of Westfield Informing them of the 
Motion of the Enemy, which we desire them to forward to 
you for your better Information, We intend to advise his 
Excels Gov"" Burnet of our proceedings in this affair which 
we flatter ourselves will be approved of by him We remain 
with Respect 

Sir your very Humble Servants 

Henry Holland Pieter Van Brugh 
Evert Bancker Ph: Livingston 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 337 

Letter H. Holland tf others to " Col^ Partndge ^ Stoddard:' 

Albany lO*'' Sept' 1725 

Gentlemen 

Since our last of the 6"* Instant we are assur'd by 
one of this place who arriv'd last night in 13 days from Can- 
ada that the 140 Ind".^ we Inform'd you lay Incamped near 
Chambly with a Design to go out against your fronteers are 
Actually returned home partly by the gswasion of the people 
of this place and partly by their Sachims, that the 150 
Ind°.^ said to be out are gone to the Eastward, yet we hear 
their Number is uncertain neither can we be inform'd whether 
they be in one Body or in parties, but we are told that one 
party of 9 & another of 14 Ind°.^ are out who design to be 
skulking about your western fronteers of the last Graylock 
is Leader, We hope these two parties ma}'- be discovered & 
defeated by your out Skouts to gvent their further Attempts. 
We hear the Ind°.^ are weary of the War and would long 
since have come to terms of peace & submission if the Gov^ 
of Canada & his priests did not encourage and Sett them on 
against the people of your Governm* It will be a great Sat- 
isfaction to Us to hear that our advice be of Service to the 
publick as we heartily wish it may be The Inclos'd is for 
your Gov^ which we desire you to forward to him with all 
possible dispatch/ as also this Letter for his perusal/ it being 
as we suppose of Consequence with Respect We Remain 
Gentlemen Your most Humble Servants 

Henry Holland Pieter Van Brugh 
Evert Bancker Philip Livingston 

Letter Col. T. Westhrook to L\ Gov. Dummer 

May it please your Hon' 

The Twists now sent your Honour is as near as I can 
get it at this time, there may be some small Error, but I 

22 



338 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

know^^of none, some of the Officers have not given me an 
Account of their Dismist men or dead, since the last account 
given in, so I have not putt in any of them but shall get a 
particular list by itself 
York Sep* 10*^ 1725 

I am your Hon" most Dutiful! Servant 
Tho« Westbrook 



Letter Josiah Willard^ SecV " to Henry Holland ^ others " 
Sept. 13, 1725. 

Gent. 

I am directed by the Hon**^® the Lieut. Gov' & Council 
of this Prov. To Acquaint you That they have received from 
Coll. Stoddard your Intelligence of the Fitting out & March 
of the Indians from Canada towards our Frontiers, And that 
they thankfully Acknowledge your Concern for the Interest 
of this Province express'd in your Letter & by your Advices 
from Time to Time of the Designs & IMotions of the Enemy, 
And they desire you would please continue y® good Offices 
to give speedy & seasonable Intelligence of what ever may 
effect & concern this Governm' as Occasi — shall require 

J Willard 
Boston Sep^ 13, 1725 



Letter Col. T. Westbrook to L^ Gov. Biwimer Sept. 16, 1725 

May it please y*" Hon"^ 

I rec*^ y"" Hon" Order's about 8 of the Clock this night, 
dated the 9**^ Curr* , & immidiatly gave Cap* jNIoulton, the 
command of so many effective Men, who will be on that com- 



OF THE STATE OF INIAINE 339 

mand, the 17^^ Curr^ Col: Hannon, will take his own Men, 
& in case he wants, I shall immediatly Supply him ^ 

The inclosed, will confirm the Villany of y® Penobscut 
Tribe - When time will allow, I doubt not, but there is such 
reason to be given, that will confirm it. 
York Septemb' 16*^ 1725 

I am y Hon'? most Dutiful humble Servant 

Tho" Westbrook 



Letter i* Gov. Diimmer to Col. Westbrook 

Boston Sep! 24, 1725 

I have Yours of the 21** Instant which came to Me by 
Express whereas there was nothing in the Letter that 
required Such a Charge but it might have come as well by 
the Ordinary Post. I think well of the Disposition You 
have made of Your Men And I hope they will be Vigilant & 
faithful in their Duty otherwise they may Depend the Enemy 
will make Some Incursions upon Us. It was very Absurd 
for any Body to Spread Reports of 500 Indians being come 
from Canada, especially for such who pretend & ought to 
know the Indian Affairs, I observe the Soldiers make a 
handle of it for Cowardice by every Small party they meet 
with afterwards, I have a full Ace* of the Indians that are 
come out from Canada which I rec^ from Albany &c And 
they are in all 130 part of which made Directly to the West- 
ern frontiers where we have heard of them Divers times lately 
And the rest March'd East amongst You some of whom I am 
still in hopes You will give me some good Ace* of. Unless 
Your business be very Urgent it won't be proper to leave 
Your Command at this Juncture, but in that Case I Allow of 
it. You have never yet sent me any Ace* of the Examination 
of the Officers of the Indians pursuant to my Directions, it 



340 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

will be necessary to Set that Matter in a true light for they 
Complain of Great Injustice. 

I am S^ Your Humble Serv* 

W. Dummer 
Col" Westbrook 



M^ Balafaye to the Lords Commissioners for Trade and 

Plantations : {Inclosing Memorial from I}. Q-ov\ 

^ Council of New England ) 

Whitehall Septem. 25*^ 1725 
My Lords 

The inclosed Memorial of the Lieut Gov! and 
Assembly of New England, Complaining, that the Indians in 
their Neighbourhood are instigated and assisted by the French 
to commit Hostilitys upon His Ma*?^ Subjects, and that the 
Neighbouring British Colonies do not give them any assist- 
ance, being laid before the Lord Justices ; Their Ex^'P have 
commanded me to refer it to yo'" Lo^'® Consideration, that you 
may inquire into the Facts complained of, and report the 
State of the Case as it shall appear to you, with your opinion 
what is to be done in it. I am 

My Lords Yl Lop.^ most Obedient humble Servant 

Ch: Delafaye 



Letter - Col. W^ Pepperrell to X*. Gov. Dummer 

May it Please y^ Hon! 

Sum time past, I inform? y? that there was 
not an Ensign to y® company in y® Lower parte of y' 
Town of Kittery w*^*^ I have y^ care off and at y* Same time 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 341 

mention? M^ W"^ Fernald Jun^ as a Suteable man for that 
place ; Since dout understand that there is any commission 
Sent for any person — if y'' Hon"" Sees cause to send one for 
s** Fernald I am of y* opinion he will behave him Selfe well. 

there is one James Breddeane Jun^ in the countorys Ser- 
vice belonging to Coll? Harmons company and is indebf.^ to 
me, he is able to pay but not willing because he thinks his 
being in y* Service is a protection I pray y^ fav^ of y? to 
Send his dismishon inclosed to me. 

I ask pardon in being so troublesome — ■* — 

I am with much Duty &, respects Yo' Hon''^ 
Most Hum^i« Serv" W"* Pepperrell 

Kittery Sepf: 29"^ 1725 

[ Superscribed ] 
To The Honor*'^« W"^ Dumer Esq^ L' Governour & 
command' in Cheiff of his Maj*^'* Province of the 
Massachusets bay — Att Boston 



Letter Col. T. Westbrook to U Gov. Bummer, Oct. 1, 1725 

May it Please your Hony 

I rec'' your Hon" Letter of the 24'^ on the 
28*'' of last month. How mine of y* 21" came to hand by 
Express I cannot tell unless Gov^ Wintworth made such a 
mistake in that as his Hon*" did in not sending Gap* Canady's 
Letter with mine of the 16"" of last month to your HonT I 
sent it by a private hand and desir'd him to send a line or 
two to your Hon^ of his mistake which I hope your Hon' has 
rec? 

I never believ'd that there was 500 Indians come from 
Canada but inasmuch as it came from Cap* Jordan to my 
hand, I look't on it as my Duty to forward it to your Hon? 



342 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

I always caution every body to make less rather than more 
of what they hear or see, relating_the Enemy notwithstand- 
ing some make y^ most of everything. If my Affairs did not 
more than ordinary want me at home I would not have 
desir'd it after I rec'*^ your Hon" Orders to have the Officers 
of the Indian company & the Witnesses face to face. I 
immediately sent for the Officers from Richmond in order to 
examine them but the Indians were out in the woods pursu- 
ant to your Hon^* Orders so that I coud not bring them face 
to face. Doctor Bacon complaining that it woud be a great 
damage to stop him till the return of the Indians, I permitted 
him to wait on your Hour as your Hour will see by the 
Enclosd which is a true copy. Cap* Moulton is returnd from 
his march a Journal of wh*^^ is herewith sent your Hour The 
Indians are uneasy wanting to be dismissal and threaten if 
they are not to run away 

I am Your Hon" most Dutifull Serv* 
York Octob^ 1«' 1725 Tho« Westbrook 

P. S. Lieu' Markham wanting to go to Boston I have per- 
mitted him to wait on your Hon"" by whom I have 
sent an Indian Gun that was taken last year at Ner- 
ridgwock which I pra}' your Hon"" to accept. 

T W 
[ Superscribed ] 
On his Maj"^^ Service 
To The Hon"" WilHam Dummer Esq' Lieu* Govern' 
& Command in Chief &c g Lieu* Markham 

Letter John Minot to Col. Stephen Minot 

Marblehead Oct" 4 1725 
Hofl S' 

Our not hearing of any late damages done by the 
Indians and Cap* Smith being still detained by them after the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 343 

limited time gives me some hopes, that we shall in a little 
time be so happy, as to have peace in our borders, that we 
may againe improve and injoye our Eastern Plantations, And 
that which I most build my hopes on is that I think the eyes 
of the Governm* seeme to be more open now then they have 
bin formerly, and are more inclin'd to taike those measures 
which may secure the honour and Interest of the province & 
the Indians have justice done them the latter of which with- 
out we have a Tender regard to we may not expeckt a lasting 
peace-I shall now give you my thoughts on some heads which 
I think very necessary to Establish our Interest with them 
Tribes And the first thmg I shall speak to is the Affaire of 
the lands they claime, which I believe will be the only dificult 
point, that the Governm* will have to Treat with them on- 1 
am very sensible it was the greatest handle the Jesuits made 
use of whereby they mov'd them to make Warr by telling 
them it was our intent to take away all their Countrey not 
only what we bought, of them, but what we had not bought, 
and to make them & their Children in time miserable, Its my 
Opinion if there were some measures taken to Assure them 
that some Considerable part of that Country should alwayes 
remaine to them & their Children to plant and Improve and 
that no man should be able to bye it, and if they did it should 
not be valid while they or any of their children were alive, 
As it is at Natick and some other parts of our Province 
where we have justly made reserves for them-if we put It to 
our selves & examine by y^ golden rule of doeing as we 
would be done by, I think we should chearfuUy come into it, 
And as I remember at the last treaty they had no Assurance, 
that their planting fields at Nerigwalk and other planting 
grounds should be alwayes enjoyd by them many of them 
often tould me, that they Expeckted the English would in a 
little time endeavour to taike them away, as they had done 
by the Western Indians we should Consider they have a 



344 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Native right to all the lands they have not sould — I have 
often admired at the Weakness of many people when they 
have said if we should Confiime any land to them they would 
emediately sell it to the french, and they would settle it, but 
no man that is acquainted with that part of the Countrey 
can think so when there might be so many reasons given why 
the would not — besides there might be Exceptions made 
against it, no frenchman that is a man of any Consideration 
who is not under our Goveriiiii* would venture to lay out his 
substance near so great a Province where they allwayes lye 
lyable to be Destroyd & We have an instance to Confirme 
this in the settlements the french made at S^ Johns River 
where the Indians gave them Liberty to plant & Improve 
who after they were Destroyd by Cap* Southarick never made 
any more attempts notwithstanding we have had so long a 
Peace with franc e — 

It must be Confest the Indians are barbarous & Cruell to 
us in time of Warr and God makes use of them as a rod m 
his hand, and its to be fear'd he uses it with more severity 
on us because we have not dealt justly by them in many 
things — 

I can think of nothing that would sooner make them easy 
in the Affaire of y' Land then by letting them know what 
great care the Govermnt has taken to Confirme the lands to 
the Naticks & other Indians in our Province, and it would 
not be amiss that some of our Indians, that would make the 
best Appearance be at the Treaty & tbere assure them of the 
great profht & advantage that they reap by it whereby they 
are enabled to raise Corn Sheep and Cattle & that many of 
them that are industrious live very well — If the Govermn* 
should ereckt Traiding houses ( which I think very necessary 
to keep them in our Interest.) Its my Oppinion that it would 
give more satisfacktion not to Confine the traide to them 
houses only for they are a jealous people and love freedome. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 345 

& if they bought cheaper there than others could afford, & 
they had not libert} to trye they would not so apparantly see 
their Obligation & Dependance on y® Publiek. As to letting 
them have rum I think it best it be not wholly restrain'd from 
them, for there are many amongst them, that maike a Tem- 
perate moderate use of it, and never Disguise themselves at 
all & many of them will not drinke any. I believe it best that 
matter be left tp the prudence of the men that are entrusted 
with the stores, and that they be Exceeding cautious before 
they are well acquainted with the Indians that they dont let 
any of them have more than a dram at a time, but I need not 
say anything more on this head, the temptation of selling 
them for any proffit being Avholly taiken of from them that 
have the caire of the Stores, if they be men of any prinsipalls 
of Honour & justice and have the good of their Countrey at 

heart and I think few or none will sell them rum only 

for y« Proffit they get on it the Indians giving them so much 
trouble after they are made drunck which made the most 
sober considerate Indians tell me, that nothing would more 
suppress that base Custome then by erecting Publiek Stores, 
for it was the temptation of getting proffit on other goods 
that causd many people to let them have rum and many of 
our quarrells with them arose from their drunken revills, I 
think it would be best also in my Oppinion that those Truck 
masters should have orders not to trust any Indian-for it 
might be a Temptation to them, as it was in South Carolina 
in the last Warr they had,/ After they are a great deale in 
debt to make Warr and then all is paid, besides its an Incour- 
agm' to Idleness, and I observ'd many quarrells with them 
arose from our demanding what was due from them. And 
yet there are some of the most Considerate influencing men 
amongst them, which I have Observ'd after they have bin 
hunting a great while have met with little or no success, and 
thereby their familyes brought to be very nessesitous. now if 



346 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

it were left to those that are intrusted with the stores at such 
times to give them a small matter of Corne or other nes- 
esaryes that they stand in need of, the prudent timeing of 
those gifts would greatly ingaige them. As to bringing them 
over to our Religion I hope by Gods Blessing in time it 
might be Effeckted — And I hope the publick will be so 
happy in their Choice to have those men whose Conversation 
will be Exemplary and inofensive for the Indians will be 
most with them. — 

I Observ'd the Jesuits allwayes gain'd more on them by 
their blamless watchfull carrage to them then by any other 
of their artfull methods. Example is before preceipt w*** 
them, their Religion being all superficiall they having but 
little internall sence of their duty when at their Devotions — 
if the Govermn! would give those that have the caire of 
those houses some rules and methods to use with them, which 
they in their wisdome think proper to gaine them over to the 
protestant faith. I have great reason to think by Gods 
Blessing in time may have a good Effeckt, but at present 
they are so biggotted to the Romish faith that will 
require great patience & strength of Resolution in those 
endeavours. There might be many things concerted which 
at present does not Ocur to my minde which I hope the pub- 
lick will not be wanting in if they should come into any 
termes with them — Ime sure if we look into Govern Burnets 
last speach, whereby he is laymg downe the great and happy 
Consequence of their keeping in good termes with those 
Tribes of Indians bordering on him. And the french on the 
other side of us Assidiously & Artfully plotting and Contriv- 
ing to keep them in their interest it highly conserns this 
Province to taike some methods to get them into our Interest 
who have suffered so much & which now groans under the 
burden of this unhappy Warr. S' if you think my thoughts 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 347 

on these things may be of service desire they may be Com- 
municated 

Yo' Obed* Son John Minot 

Superscribed 

To Coll. Stephen Minot Merch! In Boston. 

Letter Josiah Willard Secv to Col. Westbrook Oct. 4, 1725. 

Sir, His Hon' the L' Gov ( who is very ill of the Gout bid 
me tell you That you must dispatch the enclosed to Cpt. 
Smith without a Minutes Delay It being of great Conse- 
quence that he sh^ soon receive it. 

His Hon"^ having promised the Indians enlisted by Cpt. Bourn 
(being all those of the County of Barnstable ) to dismiss them 
in the Fall that so they attend their Whale Fishing : directs 
you as soon as you have Opportunity to send them up to 
Boston in Order to their Return Home & let none of them 
be detain'd on any Pretence whatsoever. The thirty Indians 
of Bristol County must be Continued till further Order. 
Take special Care that the Garrisons be strengthen'd & pro- 
tected & that Scouts be sent out as often as the Number of 
them will allow. His Hon"" has sent Orders to Cpt Grant to 
march to Norridgewock with his Comp* of Voluntiers. You 
must take Care that the Design be conceal'd And give him 
what Assistance is necessary. In your last List you sent no 
ace* of the Soldiers that were dead deserted killd or Dis- 
miss'd. W*^.^ Honour expects as soon as may be 
Coll. Westbrook 



Letter Josiah Willard, SecV to Capt Tho" Smith - (ht. 4, 1725 

Sir 

His Hon^ the Lieut. Govern^ ( who is laid up with the 
Gout) bids me tell you That this Morning he rec*^ your Let- 



348 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ter of the 22*? of September, That he is concern'd at the 
Indians Dehxy of Coming in, However Directs you to remain 
at S' Georges till further Order, The Indians having 
express'd their Doubts of being ready in Forty Days when 
they were here & the L* Gov^ declared his Readiness to 
lengthen out the time so far as should be necessary without 
any Limitation of Fourteen Days ; And his Honour wonders 
whence the Discourse of fourteen Days Addition to the first 
Term sh*^ arise, There not being the least Foundation for it 
in the Transactions of the Governm* with the Indians. His 
Honour expects that you express forward all Intelligence you 
have of any Moment with all possible Dispatch. And that 
when the Indians come in you bring them forward to Boston 
without delay 
Cpt. Smith 



Letter Josiah Willard SecV to Col W"" Pepperrell Oct. 4, 1725 

Sir 

His Honour the L* Gov*^ ( who is very ill of the Gout ) 
directs me to acquaint you That he has rec? y' Lett^ of the 
29'^ pass'd & has according to your Desire sent a Commission 
for an Ensign w'^'' is herewith enclosed : As to Breddeanes 
Debt to you, You have not Said that it was contracted before 
he enter'd into the Service, W^? is the only Case wherein the 
Law provides for the Dismission of Soldiers ; However his 
Hon'' hopes he shall soon have Occasion to dismiss him with 
many others in the Service And in the Mean Time Advises 
you to secure your self out of the Mans Wages. 

Coll Pepperil 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 349 

Letter J. Willard SecV to Capt. Grant ^ L\ Bragdon. 
Oct. 4, 1725 

Gent. 

His Hon^ the L' Gov"" ( who is very ill of the Gout) has 
rec*^ your Letter of the first Instant, And bids me acquaint 
you that he approves of your Readiness for the publick Ser- 
vice k, hereby Directs you with all possible Speed to March 
3'our Company of Voluntiers to Norridgewock in Quest of 
the Enemy, & to take kill & destroy all that you meet with 
there or in your March, Taking effectual Care that no Hos- 
tility be acted by you any where to the Eastw? of Kennebeck 
River but at Norridgewock, And that Nothing be done on 
that Side the River contrary to the Cessation agreed on with 
the Penobscot Tribe, for the March must be perform'd with 
the utmost Secrecy & Silence. You must not divulge your 
Designs to any Persons whatsoever any further than is abso- 
lutely necessary. You must be very exact in your Journal 
in Noting down every thing that is worthy of your Observa- 
tion ; & send an Ace* of your Proceedings. 

Cpt. Grant & L^ Bragdon. 



Letter Col. T. Westbrook to L*. Gov. W^ Dummer 
Oct. 7, 1725 

May it Please your Hon' 

I rec*^ Hon" Orders from Secretary Wil- 
lard Esq' Dated the 4*'' Curr' at Portsmouth where I had 
been a day or two I immediately sent forward Cap' Smith 
and the next morning came to Berwick to forward Cap* 
Grant in his Orders pursuant to your Hon" Directions but 
he marched out four or five days before. I sent Orders to 
the respective Officers to deliver the Indians Arms & Ammu- 
nition to M' Mountfort and then send them to Boston by the 



350 DOCUIVIENTAIIY HISTORY 

first Conveyance. M' Secretary did not inform me that the 
Cessation of arms was out but by your Hon" Orders to Cap' 
Grant it seems to me it is over however not being certain I 
shall not give any Orders to y" Eastward of Kennebec River 
till I have your Hon" particular Directions. The Officers in 
general are very urgent to go to Boston to make up their 
Rolls particularly Cap* Canady whom I have assur'd 1 wou'd 
ask your Hon' for leave 

I am Your Hon" most DutifuU Serv* 

Tho* Westbrook 
Berwick Octobr 7'^ 1725. 

P. S. I am not certain where Cap* Grant is march't, 
but by what I understand from y« People here, he is 
onely ranging on y** heads of y" Towns, & will be in again, 
in four or five days I am rit supra 

T. W 

[ Superscribed ] 

On his Maj"^' Service 

To the Hon^i« William Dummer Esq' 

Lieu' Gov^ & Commander in chief &c 



Letter Sam' Willard to L\ Gov. Dummer Oct. l!f^ 1725. 

Saco October 14"' 1725 
May it Please your Honvor pursuant to your Honvors 
Instructions Cap' Blanchard and I marched up Marrimack 
About one Hundred and fiefty milles from Dunstable till we 
came to Head of it we saw some Signes of a Wigwarm where 
we suppose Some Indians had Been about Six weeks sine and 
from Marrimack in about 3 milles we Came up on Saco River 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 361 

and came Down s*^ River to Saco falls on wensday October 
13 and in y^ Evening came to winter barber to Capt Jordens 
and tooke some Stores of him for our Subsistinc for we had 
not any Provision Laeft, for in the moring we Before we 
came to Saco falls we fineched all our provisions so that we 
had not any Leaft And we are now coming Home as fast as 
we can we shall Give your Honvor amore particuler acovnt 
in our Joumall. 

Which is all in hast from your Honvors Humble Sarvent 

Sam" Willard 
for the Hon^'* W™ Dumraer Esq^ 



Letter L\ Gov. Bummer to Gov. Armstrong. 

Sir ' 

Since my last to you I have no other Advice from 
the Penobscot Indians but that they have sent to Canada to 
call in their People that are there to our Treaty at Boston. 
And that those of them that are come in to S' Georges make 
strong professions of their Disposition to Peace, & they wait 
only for the Return of their Messengers from Canada. 

If the War sh"? continue after all these Overtures I shall 
endeavour by the Help of God to push it on the next Winter 
with more Vigour than ever, and as the Penobs Indians retire 
in that Season to a Place near Menis & other Parts of Nova 
Scotia where they are entertain'd & subsisted by the French, 
I am thinking to send a Force there to dislodge them. But 
shall do Nothing in this Affair without your Privity & 
Approbation, As you liave his Maj'''* Commission for y* Gov- 
ernm* of that Countrey And I must pray you would take this 
Proposal into your Consideration & give your Answer to it 
as soon as possible. 



352 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Albany 5^^ November 1725 

Sir ' 

Mr Livingston being from home am order'd by the 
Com" of Ind" Affairs here, to acquaint you that they 
received without Date, acquainting them that your Lieu* 
Gov' and Council had received from Coll Stoddard their 
Intelligence of the sitting out & March of the Ind?^ from 
Canada towards your Frontiers, which they hope has pre- 
vented their Cruel Designs. This week arriv'd here some 
Gentlemen from Canada, but bring no News save that Gov' 
Vaudreille is Dead. The Com^' assure you to Continue 
their Intelligence of the Motions of the Enemy from time to 
time with all care & Dilligence possible as Occasion Offers 
Am with much Respect Sir Your most humble Servant 

James Stevenson 



Letter - Sarn^^ Stacy to i* Gov. Dummer 

May it please your Honour 
Being inform'd of y® Arrival of y® Heads or Representatives 
of y* several Tribes of Indians, in Order for a Peace, I hum- 
bly take Leave to acquaint Your Hon! That they have one 
of my Schooners in their Hands, w"^'' they took from me some 
Time y® Summer before last. 

The last Time y® Indians were at Boston I came up, hop- 
ing to have redeem'd my Vessel, and accordingly when your 
Hon! met w*** y^ Counsel to have an Interview w*? them, I 
prefer'd a Petition, Praying Liberty to purchase her of y* 
Indian who had her in his Keeping, who was then at Boston, 
but it was answer'd y* it was not cosistent w*^ y^ Honour of 
y^ Governm* to buy y' of y® Indians w"=*' they had unjustly 
taken away, especially when they were suing for a Peace 
w*? us. And that it was hoped y^ I & every Body else y* 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 353 

liad anything in their hands w*"^ they had taken from us, 
should have it frankly restored to us without buying it of 
them, when they came to a Treaty w*!^ us. and therefore I 
would humbly entreat y* when y^ Affair comes in Agitation I 
may not be forgot 

My Neighbour John Chapman has y" like Request, who 
has a Vessel & Servant w*^*" them. 

I am your Hon" most Obedient & humble Serv* 

Sam'^ Stacey 
Marb^h'i Nov' 15*1' 1Y25 



Letter L*. Gov. Dummer to Col. T. Westbrook, Dec. 21, 1725. 

Sir 

The Peace being concluded with the Delegates of the East- 
ern Indians, I have determined upon a Reduction of the 
Forces on that Frontier, And therefore I desire you would 
repair to Falmouth in Casco Bay with all convenient Speed 
& reduce the Soldiers according to a List of the Numbers I 
shall allow to each respective Place w'''' you have herewith 
dd you ; The Rest of _Men must be forthwith dismissal ; And 
in their Dismission you must have a just & impartial Regard 
to those that have been longest in the Service who are on 
that Ace* first entituled to this Benefit, And more especially 
the Men contained in the other List, who must be immedi- 
ately discharged ; The (jarrisons at Fort George & Fort 
Mary must stand acc^ording to their last Establishm* And if 
there be wanting any Men at either of those Forts, You must 
supply them out of the Forces before their Reduction. 

You must Notify the sev". Places in that the Peace is con- 
clud(!d, And give Directions in writing from me to the sev". 
Commanding Officers for the Observation of it & also That 
They see a faithful Duty perform'd, and that they be not off 

24 



354 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

from their Guard, The Danger not being wholly over till the 
Ratification, But in the mean Time, If any Indians come in 
That they be well treated & a good Understanding culti- 
vated with them & Friendship & After you have fully per- 
form'd the sev^^ Articles of this Instruction, and are return'd 
Home to your Family, you will look upon yourself Dismiss'd 
from his Majesties Service as Commander in Chief of the 
East" Forces, Thus giving you hearty Thanks for your Faith- 
fulness, Diligence & Good Conduct in that important Trust : I 
am, W. D. 

Resolve. 

In the House of Representatives Jan''^ 4'^ 1726 Resolved 
That no Settlements be made by any person or persons what- 
ever in the County of York beyond North Yarmouth in 
Casco Bay without Leave therefor being first had and 
Obtained of the Great and General Court. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

W" Dudley SpkT 



Letter Rev. Christopher Toppan to L* G-ov. Dummer 

Newbuiy Jan. 13, 1726. 
Honourable S'' 

I have lately received Information that 
severall persons have gone this Winter from Casco Bay to 
Damiscotty ( A place belonging to me ) and Cut and Carried 
away abundance of Pipe Staves, and Capt. Moody has sent 
me Word, that there are Several more, fitting to goe down — 
Now the favour I would request of your Honour is, ( if such 
a thing may be granted ) that you'd please to send an order 
to Cap* Heath to send two or three men across the Woods, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 355 

to Damiscotty, ( w''" is I suppose about ten or a dozen miles ) 
and if any persons are cutting Timber in those Woods, 
to see who yy are, and take an Accomit of their Names, and 
forbid y™ committing any further Trespass there — if yy. 
should need a Pilot the Cap* may hire some Indian for that 
purpose, and 'ile repay w* he gives him : — 

If your Honour can gratifye me in w* I request, it will 
very much oblige me who am your Honours most humble and 
Obedient Servant 

my service to Madam/ . Christopher Toppan 

Letter Capt. John Gyles to L^. Grov. Bummer 

1726/7 S* Georges Riv" 

Feb^ 27 Gyleses Memorial 

Lues an Indian Cap*" of the Penebscot tribe decleard y* 
he had a Cecret to Deliver to me, that y® Govern™*""' 
Might know of that at a Late Councell Concluded that 
if y" Cap*"* said War or Peace it must be so, which I had 
thoughts of hideing from you, 

Gyles Why should you & I hide from Each auther 
anithing of moment. 

Lues I Dont from you. 

Gyles hath made sum Inquiary of y® above & Informd 
that thicr is no such Conclusion it is only the Pride of 
that Cap*"« hart &c 

Lues I aquaint you that the new Gouv"" of Canadey hath 
sent to y" ChieiTs &; anthers y* ar willing of our tribes to 
Give him a Vicett in y" Spring that he may Pay his 
Respext to them & Give them Presents as he is ordred 
Vjy the King of france. 

Lues one thing more I must aquaint you of y* is about 

ye •j'ti. (Jui-rant or 10 Days Past 12 of our tribe wear 
ouer to Montinecous Islands to kill Sils but finding not 
any & being Detaind thier sun'' Days by wind & wether. 



356 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

they Lit of a Cow & hoggs belonging to the Enghsh 
which they Kild & must Pay for. 

March 3 

a Privat Informal news from Caneday y* y^ Preson- taken by 
y® french in the Spring, & to be no more such actions 
Commited, tho' all is kept Privat at yet, and the Persons 
that Did ye mischief nameless, and at ye a Rival of our 
Messengors to Canedy they Demanded who was the a 
Casion of Killing after a Pece Concluded, 
the new Gov'' s** what was Don was Vnknown to him, 
for he was Com by order from france to Do Justies, and 
to have Pece & Love w"' the English as it was at home, 
and what the blackcots had Don, thier must be no more 
such actions which was his Orders &c 
Wowerena is Deracted to set Vp a mark in Keneback 
River above taconack, two men shaking hands and if 
Like to war, then to have a hatchet in Each h;md, for 
those y* Pass & Repass to View and be on their Guard, 
for Severall ar Expected w*^ thier families in y" Spring 
to Settle a Gain at Narrangawawock &c 

Gyles you Do well to Give me an accompt of all affears 
of moment, and you shall be well Rewarded from time 
to time for your Good Service and not be made Publick, 

Informar, the JMessengars are Expected Daily from Canedy, 
and Connawol is supposd to be ariv'^ thier by this Day, 
for they have been Gon about fourteen Days 

g John Gyles Entepe'"" 

The within newes Came from Canedy by y^ way of Keneback 

River, it is Calld Privat, it is Likely your honour hath an 

account of all Red}', from, but Gyles is walling 

[ Superscribed ] 
On his Maj*5'* Service 
To the Honourd W" Dummar ^«i Liu^" Gov"^ In Chieff 
of his Maj^y* Province Masachussetts Bay 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 357 

Letter Col. T. Westhroolc to U. Gov. Bummer 

Portsm? Jan'y 28^^ 1726 

May it Please your Honour 

I have been East as far as Fal- 
mouth and dismiss'd the forces agreeable to your Honours 
orders, and have given directions to the Commanders of Each 
party remaining, ( Pursuant to y'' Honours order ) to observe 
the Peace made w-ith the Delegates of the Eastern Indians I 
am 

Your Honours Most Dutifull Servant 

Tho« Westbrook 



Letter Cap^. Tho^. Smith to L\ Gov. Bummer. 

S* George March y« 6"' 1726/7 

S'' This ( by way of Pascataqua ) is y" Second Oportunity I 
have had since I came from Boston ( In Obedience to your 
Hon" Comand ) to write : & now have only, that the Indians 
( more or Less ) Every day since my arrival have frequented 
the Garrison — They have not ( as they say to their admira- 
tion ) any news from Canada. ; Cap^ Lewe was here the first 
of this Inst, and acquainted us, that about the begining of 
Last month Tvvel'' men of the Penobscot Tribe ( Amongst 
whome was Victor and his son's) being by bad weather 
detained on y* Isle of Montenicus for some time ; were by 
liunger Necessitated to Kill a Cow & a hogg they found there 
( which I understand belonged to AP Vaughn of Pascataqua) 
and were ready to pay for them ; on y" second of this Ins*, 
Victor, his two sons were here. One of them owned he had 
killed three piggs there, tho at first thoy denyed it, & as I 
saide nothing to them about paying, so neither did they say 
anything about them, only that they were all so poore they 



358 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

would have dyed of themselves if they had not killed them : 
I shall carefully observe to Inform your Hono'' w*** all occur- 
rencyes, & further now only repeat my desires to yo'' Hono"", 
for Liberty to come to Boston for a small time about the 
Latter end of May when the spring trade will be over here 
I am Yo'' Hono" most Obedient Humble Servant 

Tho* Smith 

[Superscribed] 

To the Honou^^® William Dummer Esq'' 

Lieu* Govonour &c Comand'' in Cheif of His Majesties 

Province of y'' Massachusets Bay &c att Boston Q D C 

Letter from L^. Gov. Dummer to Wenungennet 
March U, 1726/7 

Good Friend, 

I think it proper to acquaint you that I have rec*^ 
Intimations That an Indian call'd Grey Lock has enticed a 
Party of Indians about Otter Creek & that they are prepar- 
ing to come upon our Frontiers with mischievous Designs, 
And as by the late Treaty I promised to inform you of all 
Designs & Motions of such Indians as endeavour to disturb 
us, And you have by your repeated Repeated Assurrances 
undertook to perswade or Force the Western & other Tribes 
to be peaceable & come mto the Treaty, & I in confidence of 
the Sincerity & good Disposition of the Indians have with- 
drawn the Forces from the Frontiers that so you might be 
assured of my Resolution strictly to maintain the Peace on 
my Part. It is therefore incumbent on you to enquire into this 
Matter & if you find the Matter as it is reported -|- that you 
forthwith take effectual Care to prevent these Indians from 
Acting their 111 Purposes & to oblige them to come in & 
ratify the Treaty as you have done. Let me have an Ace! of 
your Proceedings as soon as may be. 



THE STATE OF MAINE 359 

Letter U. Grov. Dummer to Colt Stoddard ^f Partridge 

Gent., 

Having considered the Report of Grey Locks 
Designs I think the best Way to prevent him will be to draw 
him by good Usage. I desire therefore that you would 
endeavour to get some private Intimations to him that may 
encourage him to come m, in order to ratify tlie Treaty : I 
suppose it will not be difficult for you to get a Message to 
him to this purpose ; in w*^'' you may assure him not only a 
Safety & Protection but Kindness & Good Usage, W*''* I 
leave entirely to y''® Good Conduct, and in Case of his Com- 
ing m with any other Indians of Note, & their Ratifying the 
Treaty It will be proper to give them some proper Presents, 
W^^ you must provide for them according to your own Dis- 
cretion, and the Charge will be allowed you as well as what 
Expence will be otherwise occasion'd by the Managem* of 
this Affair ; In w*^.^ if you succeed you will do singular Ser- 
vice for the Province. 

In the meantime you will take prudent Care to prevent a 
Surprize. 

W. D. 

Letter Capt. John Gyles to L\ Gov. Dummer 

March 17: May it Pleas your Honour 
1726/7 This Day Moxses y« ChiefP of Narangawock 

Received his Lettars & Present, 

and he Desiars me to aquaint, that he heartily salutes 
your honour, and Councell w"' his Cap of to y" (i round, 
and is thankefull for his Present and Lettar and Reioyces 
to see your well wishing to T^oue, «& wellfear of our Peo- 
ple, on our Land, he Rackens him self weak, tho as God 
would Inable him, they shall not be wanting on thier 
Part, for the Same, hopeing this summar after his tribe 



360 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Corns ouer and settled -your honour will see thier 
Resolve for Love & Vnity 

g John Gyles Enterpreter 
March IT'' 

1726/7 Victor an Indian Desiars me to a quamt your 

honour Concerning y^ Loss of his Canew & Goods Lost 
at awouck on his Return from y*^ trety at Casco bay his 
2 Guns & Canew he sais he knows y*' Value of, bat y® 2 
blankitts y* wear Precented to them y^ Value of it 
Vnknown, and as it was Done among y® English he 
should be Very thankfull to have sumthing to the Value 
of Made to him, he sais he has & will Labour heartily 
for the Continuance of Pece & Love in our Land, 
And from his heart Salutes & to Serve your honour 
which Did not before 

g Jolm Gyles Enterpreter 

S'' this Victor is a Leding fellow & was a Malcontent to_ — 
& so was much made vse of by y^ french Party I am of 
opinion y^ I have now much won him over to y'' English 
Intrest by Reasons 

I am your honours Most Dutyfull Ser^ 

John Gyles 



Letter Capt. Tho^. Smith to L\ Crov. Dummer 

S' 

I am favoured w*** yo"" Honours Letter of y^ 6"' Curr", of 
the same date I wrote yo' Honour via Pascataqua, & therein 
Informed, that Twelve men of the Penobscot Tribe at 
Montenicus killed a Cow & Several Swine belonging to M""' 
Vaughn of Pascataqua, that the Indians Say ( to their admir- 
ation) they have as yett no news from Canada, Also I 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 361 

repeated my desires for Liberty of your Honour, that I might 
returne to Boston ( for a small time in May ) when the Spring 

trade will be over . 

And now yo' Hono"" bemg pleased to Advise me, ( from 
some Intimations you have had) that jou thought a good 
agreement between Cap* Giles & my selfe was absolutly nec- 
essary, to the well managing the Public Business &c at read- 
ing w*^" I was surprised, for here has not been the Least 
difference or angry word past between us since my Arrival, I 
know not the designes of any ( unless Early to create a differ- 
ence between us ) that sent missinf ormations to this place, of 
my coming here with comand of the Garison twas whispered 
about among the Soldiers tho I heard nothing of it ; And w*^'' 
I think had Effect only to raise unreasonable Suspitions in 
Cap* Giles, but soone after my arrival he asked me, whether 
I had any orders or Instructions for him, To which I answered 
I had no Instructions only relating to the Affair of Truck 
Master of which I had the Concern, and upon his repeating the 
Question (which I wondered at) I againe tould him I had noth- 
ing to do with the Garrison or men, nor was there so much as 
any mention of his name in my Instructions which I offered 
to shew him, but refused to see them, And that I had only 
brought a serv^ with me, w'^'' yo'' Honour tould me, at the 
Castle, that you Intended when he came to Boston to direct 
hun to putt into the Muster roll as my Serv* without his dis- 
missing any man, Neither have I so much as by way of 
Advice pretended to direct him, by word or wrighting to any 
person complained of, or faulted iiis Conduct in any respect, 
Neither have I given any one reason to gess what my 
thoughts are concerning him nor liave I ordered any thing 
but in tlie truck house, or any man but my own serv* there, 
Nor so much as desired any man without his Leave to do the 
Least matter for me, tho for the Service of the Province in 
the Truck house & then not without paying them somthing 



362 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

for it, thinking it most agreeable to Cap*^ Giles so to do ; 
Cap' Giles also denyes that here is, or has been any disagree- 
ment or Difference between us. So that as I am not Conscious 
of any mismanagement or impudence ( notwithstanding any 
wrong Intimations ) I hope still to share in yo"^ Hono""® favour- 
able thoughts 

I presume by this oportunity Cap* Giles acquaints yo'^ 
Hono"^ that old Moxus has this day been here, rec** the Letter 
& present for him with usual Expressions of thanks &c- 
Wenogonott Loron & most of the Indians are out hunting, 
no news from Canada. 

I shall allwayes carefully observe yo'' Hono''® Injunctions of 
writing what Ever Offers to S"" Yo'' Honours most Obedient 
Humble Serv*^ 

Tho® Smith 

Cinow here bring boards for Service of the Truck house 
&c If your Hono'' will please to give orders that the Carpen- 
ter here may be Imployed in doing whats of Necessity he'l 
readily do it without w'^'^ he is unwilling to Ingage in it I 
hope yo'' Hono' will Excuse what you see amiss in my writing 

or Stile Sanders waitmg to go off 

T S 

[ Indorsed ] 

Orders to be given to ye Carpenter at S! Georges, to repair 

y® Truck House. 

[ Superscribed ] 

To the Honou^'*^ William Dummer Esq' Lieu'' Governour 

& Comand'' in Cheif of His Majesties Province of the 

Massachusets Bay N E att Boston Q'* C 

p'' Cap' Sanders 

Letter U. Crov. Dummer to Capt. John (xiles March 21, 1726. 

S' 

I Rec"* your Letter of the 27"' of February last And am 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 3G3 

Glad to hear of the safety of the Captives & doubt not, but 
by the Care of the Tribes I shall soon see them returned. 

I am much Displeased at the Action of the Indians at 
Meintenicus in Killing the Creatures there ; Upon which 
Occasion You must Inform the Sachem & other Chief men as 
well as the immediate Actors as follows. 

" That I very much Resent this Liberty they have taken 
in Killing the Creatures which belong to the English, which 
is contrary to the Articles of Peace And that Common Justice 
which the English and Indians owe to one another, Not to 
Hurt one another in their Just Rights and Properties ; Which 
Fault is much aggravated from the Constant Care I have 
taken to have them supplied with all manner of Necessaries 
at the Trading Houses : And as it was one View I had in this 
free & Generous Trade which I have carried on with them, 
To prevent such ill practices from them. So I flattered my 
self it would have that good Effect ; And that as Justice & 
Honesty are the surest Methods to preserve the Peace, so, on 
the Contrary Violence & Robbery have a direct tendency To 
disturb y^ friendship & good Agreement w'^'' I have Endeav- 
oured to maintain with the Indians & which I hope will 
subsist between us & them to the latest Posterity : That if 
they have not already made full satisfaction for the damage 
done, I expect "They do it without delay. And that I insist 
" upon it that their Chiefs do frequently warn all the Young 
" Men That They never Meddle with any of the English 
" Cattle or other things belonging to them : And that I expect 
" They will make strict inquiry whether this Action was done 
" either through Rashness and Wantonness or by the Instiga- 
" tion of Such as are both theirs and Our Enemies, who may 
" have a wicked Design to make a Misunderstanding between 
" us ; And that in this and all other the like Cases Tliey do 
" Examplary Justice to the Offenders, in order to deter 
"others from Doing the like Mischief, ^i'liis is what you 



364 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

are to say to them. No more at present from Your Humble 
Serv* 

W™ Dummer 

Boston March 21, 1726. 
Capt. John Gyles 



Letter Col. S'am{ Partridge to the Commissioners at Albany. 

Hatfield, March 22"» 1726/7 

Gentlemen 

Inclosed as you will see is a Coppy of a Letter 
from His Honn*"" Lef' Governer, to Co'' Stoddard and my 
selfe and Co" Stoddard being Indisposed I tho* Itt my dut3^ 
as Well as the Interest of y^ Gourment to write to your selfe 
to Assist us In this Affair, And I would desire, and you will 
see also that tis our Left Governers Mind that Gray Lock, 
should be made a freind and Come Into y*^ Treaty of Peace, 
And also y^ Chiefs of St. Francewa Indians : In Pursute of y® 
same I would desire that with all dispatch you Can, you 
would Send an Indian or two, or any other way you shall 
think Proper, to Invite Gray Lock, as also some of the Chiefe 
of y® St. Francewa Indians to Come unto us some Where In 
this County, In order to a Confirmation of Peace, and Gentle- 
men you seeing our Lef'' Gouerners Letter I make No doubt 
of your Frindshipp that you will not Scruple of being Gar- 
rantees for their Safety In Coming & Returning, and Well 
Treatment while Amoungst us= but if by No Means that 
Cant be obtained then that they be Prevayled with to Come 
to Albany Which they Know that they may doe with all 
Safty, And Please to advise mee by this Express, what is 
Probable to be done, and so I will acquaint his honor Our 
Left Governor with itt, tliat he may Imply some Meet Person, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 365 

or Persons to treat with y"' tliere to Riitilie And Confirm y^ 
Peace y* Penobscott Tribes is Come Into, for if these Partys 
was Quiet I hope Wee should be all Easey — for Very Latly 
Oui Left Governor had advise from one of y® Norridgwolk 
Indians that they and each of their tribes are Peaceably 
Inclined, And Intend to Continue so, And that in y® Spring 
they will doe their best Enclevure either to Flatter or Force 
Any 111 Minded Indians In or about Carniada to Joyne with 
ym j,-^ ye Ratification of Peace. Pray Gent'." Use your Pru- 
dence and Interest to Accomadat this matter. As for y® 
Charge In y* Affaire you see by his honnors Letter itt will 
be Answered : Lett me hear by this bearer What Success 
there is Like to be In y® Affair In all which Gen*^'"^" very 
much Oblidg o'' Goveripent and your most Hum''^ Ser' 

Sam^^ Partridge 
To y® Commissioners of y^ Indian Affairs att Albany : 
Coppy : 



Letter Wenuyigenit, Chief Sachem of Penobscot, to L*. Gov. 

Dummer 

S' Georges Octob'' 4"^ 1726 

Great Gov'^ 

I rec^ your Letters, as also the peice of Cloatli «& 
return you thanks y"" for as also for the Prisoners you sent to 
me. I can not send you any News from Canada as my 
Young men I sent their are not return'd and I Can't resolve 
on comeing to Boston untill they come & bring me News 
from Canada, & then I shall send you what News I have ; & 
if I can conveniently I will wait on y' Hon' at Boston y* 
winter. In asmutch as you sent me the Ace** of the Cape 
Sables men's Actions I shall likewise send to you if I licar of 
any such things. I have talk'd w"' my people about the 



366 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Truck house being at S* Georges Garrison but most of them 
choose it Should be mov'd to y^ mouth of the River or any 
other place you think fitt Near y^ Sea the reason is y* S' 
Georges River is sometimes frozen so that they can't come to 
it in y' Canoes, I don't take on me to direct y"" hon"" only 
mention these things to you I have on „ request to y' Hon^ 
w*'^ is that you would be pleas'd to Order a Gunn Smith to 
mend our Locks &c I have nothing further to Add but 
remain Y"^ Good Freind 

bis 



Wenungenit yn <^V Cheif Sachem 




mark 

At a Meeting of y* Cheifs of the Tribe they 
chang'd his Name from Wenemuit to Wenungenit 
who was their former Sagamore ; 



Letter Capt. Joseph Heath to L*. Gov. Dummer, Dec. 15, 1726. 

Honourable 

S"^ Herewith is humbley presented An Ace* 
of Disbursements for Building a Truck House & repairing 
the Garison at S* Georges River, Agreeable to the Vote of 

the Hon''^® Board Herewith Exhibited— > 

I have strove to recommend my selfe to your Honour & the 
Govennents favour in this affair ( and the Difficulty of hail- 
ing Timber with our Cattle Being Considered ) am persuaded 
the Charge will not be thought to Exceed a Just proportion 
to the work. 

About sixty feet more of the Old Stockado work is almost 
Rotten, but I let it alone, as thinking it soficient for this Year 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 367 

which old work being made new ( next Summer ) hke what 
I have now Done will ( in my Humble Opinion ) make the 
Garison Commodious & Defeneable for many years to come 
without any other Repairs of y® Out works — 
When I built the Fort at Richmond I annimated the Labour- 
ers by working continually for y^ space of Eighty Days And 
have used the same method in the work at S^ Georges for 
Twenty Days. But did not ( in the Richmond Acc^ nor do 
I at this Time) make any Charge for my Own labour. 
Neither do I mention it for any other reason then that your 
Honour & y® Goverment may observe how freely I have 
Imploy'd my hands as well as tlioughts, in the publick ser- 
vice On those Occasions 

I am Your Honours Most obedient Hum'''® Serv* 
Dec' 15*? Joseph Heath 

[ Superscribed ] 
To The Honourable William Dummer Esq"^ Lieut Gove' 
& Comander in Chief of His Maj*'^^ province of the 
Massach**^ Bay &c 



Letter Capt Joseph Heath to L\ Gov. Dummer 

Richmond Fort March 24*^ 1727 
Honourable 

S"" Yours relating to M^ Tappens Affair I 
rec'd, but y^ Trespassers were gon — 

I supply'd Quinows & two Others with Neccssarys for their 
Journey to Canada, who set out 17*? of Last moneth and 
said they should returne about the first of May Monsieur 
De la chass superior of y® Jesuits in Canada & the Mission- 
aries at y" Indian Villages there Exert all their powers to 
prevent a General peace & y" Missionary at Penobscut is their 
Echo on this side of y* Continent nevertheless there is 



368 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

nothing vissible in the face of these affairs that seems 
soficient to remove the foundation which your Honour has 
laid for peace ~ The Indians in these parts Desire a General 
peace & Expect it And I percieve those of Neridgawalk & 
Ammoscoggin Expect to Treat with Your Honour Some time 
this Spring as the Penobscuts have done And I Desire to be 
enstructed wheither their going Generally to Falmouth, Or 
only some of their principal men to Boston, would be most 
Acceptable to you I am Your Honours Most Obedient 
Humble Serv' 

Joseph Heath 



Letter U: Gov. Bummer to the Lords of Trade, ^c, 
March 25, 1726. 

My Lords, 

Some few Months after the Departure of 
his Excy Govern'' Shute for G* Britain I did my self the 
Hono^ to write to y"" L''^^ Giving you some Ace' of the 
Difficulties of this Province with Respect to the Ind. War 
wiiich has bin Excited by the Govern^ of Canada who has 
supplied the Salvages with all Stores of War has shelter'd 
them within his Governm* from our Pursuits, & has received 
them in Triumph with the Scalps of his Majesties subjects 
slain by this barbarous Enemy: W^l' Conduct of the said 
French Gov'' ( as I suggested to your Lordships in my for- 
mer Letf) seems to me to bee a Notorious Violation of the 
Treaty of Utriecht and in some Respects makes the War 
with the Indians more difficult than if the French were our 
declared Enemies ; For by our Successes in the last eight 
Months We have driven them from their settlem'^ in our 
Neighbourhood to the French Territories from whence they 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 369 

make tlieir Incursions upon us in small sculking Parties & 
after Mischief clone retire thither again where I am cautious 
of allowing any of our Companies to pursue them till I can 
know his Majesties Pleasure in this Respect. And I must 
further inform your Lordships That notwithstanding the 
Advantages we have lately had over the Enemy, and the 
Distressed Circumstances We suppose they are reduced to ; 
The Expence of the War is so great & insupportable to this 
Province that Unless it shall please God to put a speedy End 
to it, It will inevitably ruine us ; w''^ I humbly offer to your 
Lordships Consideration & that you would please to make 
such a Representation thereof to his INIajesty as you shall 
think necessary for his Maj^ Service & the Safety & protec- 
tion of these Plis Provinces. I should not trouble your L*^'- 
ship any farther but that the ffrench Govern'' of Canada has 
given me to miderstaud that he shall address a Complaint to 
His Master on the Ace? of the Death of Been who was killed 
by our fforces in the ffight at Norrigewock of w** please 
to take the following account. 

In the Action at Norrigewock within this Province w*^** 
was in Aug* last our Forces destroy'd a great Number of 
the Indians & broke up that Settlem* amoung whome was 
Sebastian Ralle a Jesuit Missionary to that Tribe and the 
great Incendiary of this War who was slain in Fight Making 
actual Resistance to the Forces & at y" same time attempting 
to kill an English Captive in his Hands and refusing to give 
or take Quarter, To which Acct of y® Death of the s? Ralle 
Coll. Harmon the Commander of the Forces at Norridgewock 
made solemn Oath before me in Council, As appears to y"" 
j^'ips ijy tiie Minutes of Council transmitted to you by the 
Secry of the Prov. 

:this Jesuit had all ahmg push'd the Indians vpon their 
Rebellions Marching at the Head of Two Hundred armd 
Salvages through one of the Frontier Towns of this Province 

25 



370 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

before the war was declared threatening Destruction to them 
If they did not speedily quit the said Town, of w?'^ & more 
to y* purpose His Ex'^^ Gov"" Shute is well knowing This I 
thought proper to hint to y' Lordships in Order to obviate 
any Complaints that may be made by the French Gov* whose 
Conduct in Exciting & Supporting the Indians in this War 
& Drawing down many remote Tribes with whom we have 
no Concern to their Assistance y^ truth of which I have 
sufficient Testimonies to support I shall lay them before y' 
Lordship If it be necessary for y*" Satisfaction, should rather 
have putt Him uppon offering at an Apoligy that a Com- 
plaint. All which I humbly submitt to your Lordship & am 
with the greatest respects y"^ Lordship Most Obed! & humble 

Wm Dummer 



Letter Capt. John Gyles to L\ Gov. Dummer 

March 27 : 1727 May It Pleas your honour 

A Message this Day from Panobcut Sent by Wanoganet 
and Chieffs, to a quaint that their Messangers ar 
Returnd from Canadey to their Villages who wear about 
20 Days Coming, & 2 Days since their arival, they ar 
much wearied & allmost Starved &c 

Messangers. We ar to say to you, brother, tel Gevernor 
Dummar by y® first, that the Messangers ar returnd 
from Caneday w*"^ Good news and y® Reason of thier 
tarring so Long, they wear Detaind or taken, by y^ 
Cliiefs thier, to finish the Great worke they went upon, 
Which is Concluded on, to have Pece & Love Round 
our Land, So that the People may Now, go about thier 
affears without any Guard, for no Percon will Do them 
any harm, but y^ People taken from Kenebunke wear 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 371 

kild on their Journey to Kenadey, Except one Little 
boy, they wear all*most Starve! & y'' Enghsh over took 
them was y® Reason of thier killing em they say. 
those y* Did us y' mischief wear Indians from Ercegon- 
tagog nin in number Viz Wawhe & Peknabowet and 
Sakenelakud &c 

the New Governor Monsieur Bornoway Gives Good 
advice y*^ is to Live in Love & Pece w*** y** English & 
sais he is Glad to hear y* their is such a Good agree- 
ment Concluded between y** English & Indians 

g John Gyles Enterpreter 

May it Pleas your honour the formar account Concern- 
ing Raesonars Proovs Missinfurmation as to y* articul of 
Captives, which I am y® authers seem to be well Con- 
firmed, — and as to y^ Chieffs say, Concerning ye Peoples 
Goin about thier affeair w"' out Danger of any, in my 
humble Opinion they are Rale, by thier Coming over 
w*'' thier families In order to setle a Gain - Not y* they 
ar a People to be Confide in, to fur, y*' Jesuitts haveing 
Such Great Influence on them, I am your honours Most 
Dutifull Sar* 

Jn" Gyles 



Letter Ph. Livingstoji ^ others Comrn^^ to Col^ Stoddard ^ 

Partridge. 

Albany 27 March 1727 

Gentlemen 

Yours of y'- 22"^ Instant with copy to you 
from Gov"" Dummer rverec'', desireing our Assistance that 
gray Lock Should be made a fi-ind to come into the treaty of 
peace as also the Chiefs of S^ Francois Indians, we could 



372 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

wish that it was Effected to that end, we have not been 
wanting in sending a message ab^ y^ 2^ Jan'"?' Last by Mal- 
alemet Brother to s*? Gray Lock inviteing him, and other 
Chiefs who were hunting on our frontiers to come hither, but 
unfortunately missd him, being gone home but brought to 
this place on the first Instant three S^ francois Lidians, to 
whom we thought fitt to Communicate that his hon"" Gov"^ 
Dummer had confirmd & ratifyd the peace with the penabscut 
and Narrigewack tribes : that much blood had been Lost on 
both sides in this last war, and Expected that these indians, 
in- behalf of S* francois should Ractify & Confirm s^ treaty 
of peace, that for the future none of their tribe should go to 
molest or anoy any of our Brethren of N England or Else- 
where, which if they do faithfully gform, they should at all 
times be welcome to hunt on our frontiers, and be Civilly 
treated at this place on this we gave them a gsent and a belt 
amounting to £11: -they Promisd to use their uttmost 
Endeavor to prevaile on their Chiefs to come hither on our 
Invitation what Success we Shall have in our undertaking is 
uncertain & precarious, Assoon as an opportunity Shall Send 
Such a message to gray Lock & the Chiefs of S* francois as 
you desire but have no belt as is Requird on Svich occasion 
we think it more proper to do it, in our name, that your 
Govermt may not be seen in this message for fear it might 
miscarry And not to give the indians oppertunity to thmk it 
comes from you. we Shall not Scruple to make ourSelves gar- 
rantees for the Indians civill treatment with you and their 
safe return tho' Sucpect they will hardly be prevailon 
especially the gray Lock to go into your County, for the 
Latter has done much Mischief on your frontiers, and has 
doubtless a guilty consience we shall at all times be ready to 
do any thing which may Contribute toAvards Establishing 
afirm and Lasting peace between your Governm' and the 
Indians, and could \vish it was already accomplished, we fear 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 373 

that the french priests and their Govern^ will - if possible, 
oversett all amicable measures that may be Sett on/foot to 
Confirm or Conclude any treaty with you, these Indians seem 
to be Sincere, they told us that Last fall on Invitation of 
some of our number while at Canada severall Sachims of s? 
Indians were on their way hither as far as the Crown point, 
with an intent to make a treaty with your Goverm* but were 
gvented by false Reports Spread among them, which made 
them desist from that design, the said Indians have faithfully 
promisd us to use their best Endeavours to prevent the 
indians from going to do mischief on your fronteers, tho 
there is but little dependance on what they Come to promise, 
is the needfull at gsent from who are with Esteem Gentlemen 
Your very Humble Servants 

Philip Livingston Myndert Schuyler 

Hend"^ van Rensselaer Reyer Gerritse 
Stevanv Groesbuk Nicolaes Bleuker 



Letter W^^ Woodside to U. Grov. Dummer 

Fort George March 31 : 1727 
Hono*"' Sir 

I Make bold to trouble you with these few Lines 
Begging the favour together with Maney other favours that 
is allredy granted that is your Hon'' would (Jrant the favour 
of Granting the Lev:"^*^ of Fort George to Samuel P^aton Son 
to Cap* Eaton of Salsbury which Samuel Eaton was former 
Leu"* at Fort George for som years The favour of your Hon- 
ours gi'anting tliis Request & sending the Commission by the 
bearer (lap* Sanders Jun'' Noble being moving at this very 
time 



374 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter Col. Partridge to L\ Gov. Bummer 

Hatfield Apri^i S'l 1727. 

May it Pleas your Honnor : 
Sir I Recivd yours of y^ : 14^^ of March Last : and Note y® 
Contents Am Very Much Pleased, with your desire, and 
designe y* y^ Western Indian Should Ratifie y'' Treaty of 
Peace, your Letter also being Communicated to Co'^ Stoddard, 
he declind Medling In y*" Affaier, and I took such Measurs 
as advis Lead me to ; for to Gett any Intimation to Gray 
Lock, Any way by us ( att Present ) itt was Impracticable 
and so I sent an Express to y^ Comishoners Att Albany as 
Enclosed you may see a Coppy of y*" Letter sent : With a 
coppy of your Honnr Letter Also : And here with is the 
Letter sent to us by the Commishoners : I being tho^ full 
Busins did not Require so much hast, I Waited an Opportu- 
nity to send itt, if I have done amiss In sending y* way I 
desire itt may either be Imputed to my Ignorance, or Elce to 
my Earnest desire or Zeal y* Gray Lock and other Chiefs of 
S* Francois Indeins, should Ratifie the Treaty : Is any thing 
Further to be done I wait your Honours Directions : who am 
with due Regards & Submistion 

Your Honours Most Hum^^ ser" 
Sam'^ Partridge 
To y"" Hon''^^ William Dummer Esq'' Lef*^ Governor 

and Comand"" In Chiefe : 

Letter - Cap^. Tho^ Smith to L\ Gov. Dummer 

S* Georges Fort April 3^' 1727 

Its only in Obedience to Yo"" Honou''s Comands ( laid on 
me at the Castle ( Cap* Giles also writes ) That I trouble you 
with this, to Inform that on Saboth day y« 26*^^ ffeb'"y about 
Eleven at night, Two Messmgers (y'^ same day) sent by 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 375 

Wenegonett from Penobscott Arrived here, who say that nine 
Indians from S^ Francois, of whom Woahaway was Cheiefe, 
took & carryed away those persons Last fall from Kenebunk, 
and apprehending the_ were pursued by the English ; killed 
all but a Little boy, who being carryed before the Others was 
Spared, further Sa}' y* no more Such Actions will be comitted 
by any Lidians ( Tho"' Mounse"^ y*' Younger being here y^ 
next day who being treated w'** Civility at my Lodgings, his 
discourse tended to Direct us to Look to ourselves & be on 
our Garde) They know nothmg of Quenoiees being gon for 
Canada ; but a more pirticular Ace" we may Expect, when 
those from Canada come hither which will be as soone as they 
are recruited being greatly Indisposed by a tedious Difficult 
Joumy, 

I am Yo"^ Hono'''' most Obedient Humble Serv* 

Tho« Smith 

Letter. Capt. John Cryles to U. Gov. Bummer 

May it Pleas your honour 
I : Expect a more full account after the annuel Praying 
Meeting, which is on y® first or sacond Day of april, — I have 
Imploid on_ to be thier and if Lettars to y® Jesuitt & of 
moment to Let me know &c Canawas was not a Riued to 
Canedey when those Mescangest Came a way as they say the 
Inclosd I was a bliged to Detain, we haueing no boate, & not 
haueing Indians to Go to Casco it being thier Praying time 
So this Day I send by 2 Soldiers g Canow S* Georges Riuer 

April 3: 1727 

I am your honours Very humble Servant 

John Gyles. 
[ Superscribed ] 

On his Maj'y'^ Saruice 

To the Honourd W" Dummar Esq Liu*^" (iournor 

in Chieff of his Maj^^ Prouince "Masachusetts Bay" 



376 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter Capt. John G-yles to L^. Crov. Dummer April S, T727 . 

May it Pleas your honour 
I Recivd yours w^" the Inclosd of y® 21 of march Last 
g Exprece by y** hand of Liu*" Wriglit, April 5*}^ and on 
ye yth ijear a Riu'^ Wenoggenet w*^ the 2 messangers that 
went to Canadey Viz Exexces & Franceivexsabe w**^ Sund 
auther Indians a bout 20 m numbar, & I Read & Intar- 
preted to them y® s'^ Lettars & DeHvrd y^ fine Gun &c 

Messangers We tel you now Gouernor Dummar, whereas 
we wear sent Last fall of a Messeg to Canedey, which 
you told vs to carry s** Message in answer to y'^ Caned- 
deians, you also tould vs at Casco that we knew best 
what to say to our brother Indians, so at our a Riual 
thier, we s*^ you Indians desiard a meetmg to be at 
Morial, we tould them we Could not Comply w'''^ their 
Proposall to meet thier, but much better to meet in our 
Parts in our Lands, thier we shall haue opportunity to 
discours all affears what may be for our fewter Good & 
better vnderstanding of Each auther, now we haue heard 
Each anthers say. 

Ercegentegog Indians, we have heard your Proposals, 
which we a prove of, and according as you Desiar, our 
meeting in your Land, we com according to your 
Request, Expecting to haue a faier Debate of affears & 
Good finnishing to &c this is y® fift time of your Inuit- 
ing vs to com by y*^ way of Olbeni & this way. which I 
now shall Com according to your Request - which I 
Present you w*^' this wampom belt in token of &c 

Ercegentegog we now speak to wenoggenet & all y** 
Indian Chieffs in that Contenant, - hopeing & Desiar 
that we all may accomplish in our Debats a Good Vnder- 
standing »& a Lasting Calm in our whole Land, which in 
token of, we Present to you these strings of wampom. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 377 

Messangers the aboue mentioned belts & anthers we 
Deliver to Gouernr Dummar & wenoggenet in Presents 
of our brother y® Enterpreter, in Pursuant to order, 
which is our answer & Return &c 

hear is also another belt & a Letter to Gouar" Dummar 
y® Contents of s*^ Letter is Vnknown to Vs the belt is 
from twenty Dissadisfied Indians that are not yet Con- 
cluded in thier minds &c. 
this is all y* we ar knowing of y*^ aft'ear. 

We 20 Indians say to you Wenoggenet & all chieffs we 
Desiar y* you may make a Good finnishing of y^ worke 
y^ we hear you ar a bout to haue a Good Vnderstanding 
& a Calm & faier wether in our whole Land, what we 
say to you we say to the _hole tribes on y® Contenant, 
which we Present you w*^ a wampon belt in token of 
&c 

Messangers after said Depets & those tribes Concluded on to 
send two of thier chieffs & sum anthers in order to haue 
a meeting in our Land they sat out w^^ Vs, but ar hunt- 
ing for food by y^ way, & to be Expected hear in a few 
Days is y** whole truth from our hearts, & is y* whole 
burthen or Lode or Messag y*^ was Put on our Shoulders 
& haue Delivered it to you C : Gyles our brether & fel- 
low Labourer &c In order to send to Gouernor Dummar, 

we salute, - 

P John Gyles Entarpreter 

Wenrjggenet Good frend I Reed your Letters of C : 
Gyles & am heartyly theankfuU for your mentioning of 
aifears, and y*' Present you sent to me, and what you 
mention as to any Doing vs harm I am not knowing of 
I hide nothing from you of moment, I speke from my 
heart for we ar both Labouring to haue Pece & Love in 
our Land, & we Promisd to a ({uaint Eacli anther of all 
iiffears of moment, as our Great (iod liears Vs spake, & 
if any Do Vs harm be it on thier own beds — 



378 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

1 Dont Vnderstand writing Letters & if any thing a mLss 
& nott a Greeable to you in y® Lettar y*^ Goos w*'^ y^ 
Exprece I Desiar you to Mention to Me, for I know not 
y® Contents of &c 

as to what you mention to me Concerning Gray Lock I 
nor my old men haue no knowledg of him for we ar not 
aquainted w"^ y® Olbeni Lidians, we will Endeuour to 
know Concerning that affear &c we haue had fouer men 
in actiul Seruice 2 of them Returnd Last fall, y'^ auther 

2 ar now Returnd w"^ y® foregoin Messages your bounty 
full thought for them, will be Incurridging for y*^ futer 
&c. I salute you Gouernor Dummar & all y^ Councell 
hopeing if God willing we shall accomplish a Good 
Vnderstand^ & a Calm in our whole Contenant, 

S* Georges april 8*^ 1727 

g John Gyles Entarpreter 

May it Pleas your honour 
it is supposd by em that Sumthing mentioned in y^ Letter 
fromn Candeday will not be a Greeable to your honour 
&c, is y® Reason of thier Say they Do not Vnderstand 
Letters &c. it is surmised y® Jesuits haue ben Doing 
they say they Expect y® 2 Chieffs of y® auther tribes in 
short time Wenoggenet Desiars an answer by y^ furst 
Conuenient oppartmiity, they much Plesd w'*" y^ fine 
Guns. 

my Privat Informar is not Returned a Gain. I Inclose 
and Send g Exprece to your honour by Leiv" Wright, 
he being w"^^ y® Last Packett 
S* Georges April 8"^ 1727 

I am your honours Most DutyfuU Ser* 

John Gyles 

[ Superscribed ] 

On his Maj*y^ Seruice 

To the Honoured W"" Dummer Esq Liu*" Gournor 

in Cliieff of his Maj^^^ Prouince Masachussetts Bay 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 379 

Letter Capt. John Gyles to U. Gov. Dummer. 

April 8, 1727. 
May it Pleas your honour 
fraucewexcabe one of y^ former Deligats, Desiars me to 
write to your honour, that you would be Plesd to feaveur 
him Av"' a Pass such a one as Loraant or Connawoses, 
this Indian has & is much made Vse of in Going of Messages, 
he is one that Came now from Canedey, and Expects to be 
sent there a Gain when anything of moment, he tells me tlie 
new Goun"^ of Canedey tould him if y® Goun! of boston 
would Give him a Pass, he would Give him an auther, so y' 
he might Pass & Repass on all occasions 

this Indian seems to be a Serviceable man, and a well 
wisher To ~ if it might Pleas your honour to Grant his 
Request, &c 

I am your honours most dutyfull Servant 

John Gyles 
S* George River April 7: 1727 



Letter Capt. Joseph Heath to L\ Gov. Dummer. 

Richmond April 13'", 1727 
Honourable 

Sy 25*^'' of the Last I acquainted you of the 
Departure of Quinovis for Canada, his proposal to returne m 
May, the Assiduety of the French Missionaries to break your 
Honours Measures with the Indians, and the seeming good 
state of affairs, their Efforts notwithstanding 

I shall now Humbly suggest to your Honour that about y^ 
first of Jan"^^ Last Finding in John Hegon and Sebacomon a 
Disposition to go to Canada & Endeavour to Mollify the 



380 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Disafficted Indians there and thinking it for y® public service 
annimated them as much as possible to Engage in the affair 
which they did, and returned this day with y*" following 
report viz That when they came to Canada they found the 
Indians of Wowenock in a peaceable Temper But those of 
S^ Francois for some time Inflexable to y® overtures of peace 
here also they met with Two Captains sent by the Penob- 
scutts who were likewise mediating for a General peace And 
after a Conference of Twenty Days it was Concluded upon 
And that Three of the Chief men of S^ Francois and one 
from wowenock with such as the Neridgawalk Ammoscoggin 
and Pigwackets may Chuse to represent them, should wait 
upon and Confer with your Honour for that purpose assoon 
as they could Conveniently come together which they thought 
would be toward y^ latter end of June. 

they add that the Elder Indians of neridgawalk Ammoscoggin 
and pigwacket who fled with their famolies to, and resided at 
Canada during y** late war & untill this Spring, are now on 
y® way in order to people y^ villages on this side y® Contenant 
as formerly. These men Intreat your Honour to give orders 
to y^ frontiers. Especially near Connecticut River and Ken- 
nebunk that none of y^ English fall upon their people while 
a Hunting. And they say that they them selves have neglected 
their winters Hunting by improving their Tune & bending 
their thot's wholly to this bussenness ; which if they have, 
and their report be True ( as I believe ) they seem to be 
worthy of your Honours perticuler favour. The report of 
the two Indians as above is further Confirmed by a Captain 
of the S^ Francois Indians who came with y™ 

I am your Honours most Hum^^'^ Obedient Servant 

Joseph Heath 
P. S. I Believe that y® Indians who took y*" people at Ken- 
ebunk apprehending that they were Closely persew'd by y'' 
English Kill'd some of those Captives. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 381 

Letter Secretary Willard to Comm^'^ for Indian Affairs in 
Albany April 13^ 1727. 

Gentlemen I am directed by the Hon"^'® the L* Gov^ & 
this Prov. to acquaint you that They are Sony to finde by a 
L^ d. 22 ]\Iarch last past from ColI° Partridge to you tliat 
Hee has so greatly mistaken the orders Hee rec** from him as 
trouble you with Sending a Message to Greylock & other 
Indians respecting a treaty with them whereas there was no 
such thing intended or desired by us ( as you will judge by 
the Copy of y® Letf to Coll. Partridge w''^ he informs he has 
sent you tho without any Direction for so doing proper meas- 
ures to bring those Indians in to Approbate the Peace lately 
Made But the good People of the County of Hampshire being 
more apprehensive ghaps then was Needfull of the bad faith of 
Greylock they had direction privately to discourse & notifie 
Him to Come in then to Confirme them in his good intents. 
His Hon'^ is however thankfuU to you for your readines to do 
good offices to this Governm* & desires this affair may be no 
further proceded hi onely as you may Ocationely see any of 
those Indians to assure them of our ffriendship. 



''Secry^ Letters to Caj/ Heath .f Gyles April 2S, 1727:' 

Sir, 

His Hon'' the Lieut. Gov"" going to Newbury 
soon after y* Rec! of y^® Letter by Saunders directs me to 
write to you in Answer to it, That you acquaint Victor that 
by the first opportunity after his Hon''? Return to Boston, He 
will send him the value of Xo in Consideration of the Guns 
he lost at Arrowsick& that M"^ Trescot is Ordered to pay him 
what he sold the Canooe for ; But tliat tor the time to come 
he must keep himself sober, For he must not expect that the 



382 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

Governm* will pay him for what he foolishly loses when he 
is in drink there being no Reason in that. I am further to 
acquaint you that His Hon' has appointed the tenth of July 
next to ratify the Peace with the Norridgewocks & other 
Indians at Boston ; and therefore he desires that you would 
acquaint y® Indians with this his Determination, & by all 
possible Means engage the Chiefs not only of the Norr. & 
Penob. & oth"" Eastern Indians but also of the S* Francis 
Cagnawaga, Schohanadie & other Tribes of Canada Indians 
to appear at Boston, And that you will use all Means in y"^" 
Power to bring them down to this meeting : His Honour con- 
sents to y''^ Coming soon to Boston to the Court, Provided 
you take special Care that the Service be not hurt in y^ 
absence from y^" Post. 

Sir, 

His Honour the Lieut. Govern^ going to Newbury 
soon after the Recepit of your Letter by Saunders, Directs 
me to write in answer to it, That he thinks it most conven- 
ient that the Indians should come to Boston to Ratify the 
Peace, & has appointed the tenth of July next as the most 
suitable Time to confer with them for that Purpose ; And 
there He desires that you would acquaint the Indians with 
this his Determination ; And by all possible Means engage 
not only the Chiefs of the Penobscot & Norridgewock Indians, 
but also of the S^ Francis Cagnawaga, Schohanadie & 
other Tribes of Canada Indians to appear at Boston, And 
that you would use all the Means in your Power to bring 
them down to this meeting. 

His Honour is surprized that he hears nothing of the 
Repairs of Brunswick Fort, and desires if you have not done 
it, that you would forthwith see the Matter effected. 

Least you should have lost y® Coppy of y^ Genl' Assemb. 
Vote for y® Repairs, I herewith send you an other. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 383 

Letter Capt. John Gyles to U. Gov. Dummer 

April 25**^ A Short jNIemorial to his honour y® Liu'° Gou- 
ernour In Chief &c of Discours betwen a Machies Indian & 
Gyles at Georges. 

Indian - I have a Good mind to tel you something 
Gyles- So Do for I hide nothing from you of Moment. 
Indian - I dont Gear to tell it, but I will to you, for y® Can- 
eback Indians tel us y* y® English have taken one Indian & 
keep 2 or 3 more Reconars and if they Dont send them to 
us, it will be best this summar to kill & take sum of y^ 
Enghsh 

Gyles- you know y® English have sent thier Preconers 
accordingly to Promis at y® Confurrance. 

Indeed thier may be one or 2 behind as you say, that 
might be then at sum Distance. 

but you have not sent in any, one you have at S* Johns, and 
anthers your People say at Caneday sold to y^ french, and 3 
young women Maried to Indians thier & have Children, and 
anthers you say y® Indians have taken for their own, but Let 
them be brought in & Discours w*^ thier frinds, & then if 
they wont tary, they wont be compeld, 

as to y® yong Indian you spake of Last fall, he was tendred 
as a hostig, of your Peoples faithfullness in finding out those 
that kild us, at Kenebunk and when Connawos Returns from 
Caneday & is faithfull according to Promis Governour Dum- 
mar will Do you no Rong you may Depend on it &c 
Indian- I tould y® Canebacks that they wear forward in 
killing & makeing war, but they Must Remember that they 
Run away, & Left thier Country & ye Penobscut Indians 
tow, and we stud by, and now we Desiar Peace &c. 
Gyles - you tould them wright which is the truth &c. 
Indian- the Jesuitt & I am at Differance, he tels me I Love 
y® English but y® English, will Do by us as they have Don 
by y® southern Indians to take away our Lands & Privi- 



384 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

lidges and then Compell us to Pray as y« English Do, and 
not to be aloude to use the Cross. 

Gyles - I should be Plesd if I wear to travil a mong those 
Southern Indians you spake of, and to see how they live, & 
the Gear our Government takes of them that they have Jus- 
ties Dun them, and y* they Dont tell thier Drunken fitts but 
to have y® Governments approbation &c and as for Com- 
pellmg any to Pray as we English Do, is a mistake, for they 
Compel non, but Parswad & Invite Ani that will Com & 
Pray as we Do, and that is according to Gods word which is 
our Guide & y« true Path, Christ Left for those y* lieve in 
him, & their is but one God, & one Rite Path y* Leads to 
happiness, but Many Rong ones, & y® french have Compeld 
People so far as to burn em at y^ Stake, to make them Pray 
as they Do, which is not according to Gods word &c 
Indian - I tould y« Jesuitt that I believed the English kept 
the Sabbath best for they Praied all Day, but the french 
Shott Guns and Go to Play, but y«^ Jesuitt tels me I am 
above y® English which are not Good. 

Gyles- I find in Gods word, (in his Book) whear God 
Commands us to keep y^ Sabbath Day holy which is y« Sev- 
enth Part of time. Set a Part to worship y^ only true & 
Liveing God, that made y« heavens y« Earth y« Sea & all 
Creaturs, and man in six days, and on y® seventh Day he 
Rested, and ordred man to keep holy y® Seventh Day ( which 
is the Sabbath) to his service to Praise him, and to have no 
Regaurd to other Gods which are Images & y« worke of 
mens hands, they Can neither hear See nor smell nor Do us 
any Good, but that only true & Liveing God, Knows all our 
thoughts & actions & tis of him* we Live move & have our 
being, our health breath meet Drink & Clothing & all we 
Enioy is from him &c 

Indian - I like your Discourse & shall not hide anything 
from you of moment, farewell,- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 385 

Gyles - I shall Do for you & your People the best I Can 
( as our true God Enable me,) which is my Instructions from 
Government, farewel, 

g John Gyles Enterprter. 
May it please your honour 

if it might Pleas y® Government to apoint Sum Good Grave 
teacher to Reside in those Parts it might be a means to bring 
Over Sum of those Poor Deluded People to Worship y® true 
God. 
S* Georges River April 25 : 1727 : 

I am your honours most Dutyfull Servant 

Jolm Gyles 



Cpt Gyles Conference April 25, 1727. 

Orders to be sent to the Officers in y® Frontiers to treat 
well the Indians that may be Hunting. 

Indians to be inform'd of it. 

Cpt. Gyles & Cpt. Heath to stay till the Indians come. 

To endeavour to bring the Indians to Boston, but if they 
finally msist on treating in the East? Parts that they imme- 
diately send Express 

Cpt. Gyles to tell Lorone that the Insinuations of y® Eng- 
lish Designs are false &c & that the intended Treaty is not 
to be separate but a Confirmation of the last Treaty. 

Cpt. Heath to countenance the Indians Settlemt of 
Norridgewock, 

Whale Boat. 



Letter Capt. John Giles to Lieut. Gov. Dummer. 

April y" 28"' 1727. A Memorial to his honour y" Liu^" 
Govemour in Chieff Discourse betwen an Informar & Gyles. 

26 



386 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Informal- At the a Rival of y® two Messengars from 
Caneday We bad 2 great Meetings & sundry Debats on tbe 
Letter they brougbt, & otbers &c tbe Lettar was Red 
by y® Jesuitt & Casteens and not well a Proved of by 
Casteens nor tbe Cbief of Panobcut, sum wear for 
sending it back to old Wawenorawot and tel bim to treat 
for bim self, for tbey bad Dun wbat tbey tbougbt Proper 
w*^ tbier brotber Englisb but on y^ sacond Concediration 
tbey tbougbt it Most Proper to send s** Lettar to Gov- 
ernour Dummar as Diracted &c 

Informar tbe Messengars say tbat many tbings Consern- 
ing tbe Englisb & Indians treaty, ar Endvered to be Stivefled 
and not made known to tbose otber nations, ( not Stifled by 
y® New Governour) at their furst a Rival to Caneday tbe 
Messengars had a wompom belt Presented to them to stop 
their Eyes & Ears & mouths but tbey Returnd s'^ belt back, 
& said tbey Came to Make Known y" truths to all, then tbey 
bad a Great Meeting, and then y^ Praying Mohawks & 
Mountam Indians and sinecours, wear Parmitted & they all 
approved well of what was Don at y® Confurance Except 
y® old Whithed Wawenorrawot ( be is half french ) and old 
Onedahauet ( his old name is Com hommon tbier ar 16 in 
number of y*^ Malcontents the two named, ar chiefs, of 
Excegontegog, tbier is sidings tho but few of y® malcontents 
Party, that sent the Letter, the autber Party y* ar for Peace, 
have sent old Adamhegon & Amanequened as Messengars to 
know the truths &c tbier will be several more as Specttaters. 
the Chiefs of Panobcut at their Last Great meeting have 
Concluded to send Messengars to Caneback S* Johns Cap 
Seples, To Invite two of each Tribe to be at tbier Great 
Annual Meeting at Panobcut which is about fourty Days 
hence, and those from Canaday ar then Expected tbier at s*^ 
meeting. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 387 

tlio y® Canedeians sat out w*** the Panobcut Messengars, but 
ar to hunt by y® way &c 

g John Gyles Enterpreter 
Informal' - this is y® truth of what I know at Present, thier 
is nothing of moment in our Jesuitts Letter, what is, is 
Relateing, y® friar affears, when I hear Eni thing more, of 
moment, I will mform you according to Promis. 
Gyles - you will Do well, & I will be to my word to you. 
So farewell. 



Memorial of Capt. John Gyles to L^. Grov. Dummer 
May If, 1727. 

May it Pleas your honour' 
on y® 4th Currant Capt Loron a Riv*^ hear from y^ west- 
ward from huntmg, & Rec'^ his Present y*^ Superfine Gun & 
his Letter w'^ Great thankfullness 

he mentioned to me y* he heard t* y^ Canebeck Indians had 
siun Expectation of your honours Meeting them to have a 
Seprate Peace, if so it would as it wear Season the Panob- 
cuts formar Proceedings as they acted for y® whole 
Desiaring my opinion, I tould him I would Give him my 
opinion, but he must not take it as any Diracttions from y" 
Government, for I had non Concerning that affear I tould 
him I Did not Supose your honour would meet them in any 
of these Parts this Summar, I Did not know, but if Desiard 
Sum of the Council might be apointed to meet them, but to 
have a separate Peace I Did not believe any such thing, only 
to Ratifie y® articols alredy Concluded on &c 
he further said that he heard your honour this winter had 
been treating w'*^ y** Mohawks to Com & Distroy them for 
they wear now much wcakend &c 

I tould 'him he might ashuer him self thier was no such thing 
on action, it was only sum Devil seruars that would a Mues 



388 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

them w*'^ such Notions, for it was altogether Contrery to y® 
English Profession to Use treachery, I Desiard him to Look 
back ( for I had been aquainted in affears near 30 years Past ) 
and if he could mention to me one trecherous action Don by 
y^ English in s*^ time &c 
S* Georges May 4*^ 1727 

I am your honours Most DutyfuU Servant 

John Gyles 
Memorandom 
this 4*^ Currant Connawos a Riv*^ from Ritchmond and s** he 
had tould thier, & was Com to aquaint hear, that he Pro- 
seeded Part of y® way to Caneday & their meeting with sum 
of y" Caneday Indians, who tould him it would be of no ser- 
vice, of his Going to Caneday for it was a Greed on, that 
thier Chieffs should Com over hear, to treat on y® affear he 
was Going on, & anthers, and it was well known who Did 
that Mischief at Kenebunk, & thier was but one Presonar a 
Live, which upon he went no further, but Returnd. 
I Gave s*^ Connawos my advice, & Put him In mind of his 
Engagements, & that, anther serviceses was Expected of liim 
then what he had Don, & that to Prove him Self an honest 
man, & Do what he Promised y® Government Concerning 
Presonars &c 

g John Gyles Enterp*^*' 
S* Georges River May 4: 1727 : 



Letter Capt Tlio^. Smith to U: Gov. TF''*' Dummer 

S* Georges May y« 15*^ 1727 
S' 

I am favour'd w*'* M"^ Secretary's Letter of y^ 25th 
Last in & (by y'' Hono''® direction, as he sayes ) signifying 



THE STATE OF MAINE 389 

Your being willing I should come up to Boston, w*^^ I should 
not desire were I in the Least Suspitious, that the Governm** 
business Comitted to my Care would suffer by it, but all the 
Indians here, have been for Six weeks or more Aprised of 
and Expect it, and in a few dayes more I Expect that they 
will all be here supplyed, with what they shall need for some 
time, I have also M' Treasu'' Allen's Letter intimating the 
fall in the price of Beaver & directing me to give but 1/6^ 
g h, which Occations great dissatisfaction, but as I have Don, 
so shall continue to do my utmost Endeavo" to make them 
sensible that they are justly dealt with, and may be assured 
of havmg all Possible Justice don them, An unhappy acci- 
dent falling out at this juncture, a Caske of Rum on board 
Cap' Sanders ( commg to me ) Leaking out on the Passage, 
w*^"* would, if he had come to hand, most of any thing have 
shewn the fall also in the price of what they are supplyed 
w*^*" from us, which makes the Indians seam suspitious of the 
reallity of its being so foUen in price, therefore I must desire 
that without delay a hh*^ may be sent, with some Other things 
according to Mem° sent to M"" Treason to whome I have now 
also sent five hli*^^ of Beaver small furrs feathers &c amount- 
ing to £705 : 14 : 2 : w^^ being the pres* offers 

I Subscribe Yo'' Hono" Most Obedient Humble Serv' 

Tho^ Smith 



Letter Capt John Q-yles to L*. Gov. Bummer May W, 16 1727 

May it Pleas your honour 
I Rec^ a Letter from M! Secretary, p Cap*" Sand" and 
have Communicated y*^ same to Wenoggenct & shall Notifie 
y". anther Chieffs by y* furst, as to tune & Place, according 
to your honours appointment to Ratifie the Peace &c 



390 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Wenoggenet seems to be hearty in y® afear, I have nothing 
of moment to acquaint g Canow to Casco Bay 
S* Georges Garrison May y^ 15"^ 1727 

I am your honours most Dutifull Ser* 

John Gyles 
I hope to weight on your honour next trip in order to 
make up my Mustar Roll &c for my Liu*? is Returnd who 
is a Good CearfuU hand, & I Can Leve Charge w"' him. 



May 16, 1727. Wenoggenet Desiars me to aquaint that 

he heartily Salutes your honour & y® honorable Council, & 
wieshes you Long Life, & that nothmg shall be wanting on 
his Part In order to have a Good Understanding & Calm 
Round y® Continant & y* he hath Sent in behalf of Govern'" 
Dummar & for him self to y® Caneday Indians a belt of 13 
Wampom Peges breath to a quaint them that they must 
make no more breaches on us, if they Do he will Resent it, 
and Consult w'^'* Gov'^ Dummar and have Satisfacttion of 
them &c 

P John Gyles Enterp*' 
[ Endorsed ] 

Cap*' John Gyles L' 

Georges Garrison May 15 & 16, 1727 

Capt. Gyles to acquaint Wennogenet that His Hon"^ is sat- 
isfied with his Message to the Indians Mess* to be repeated 
w*^*^ he has expected, It being agreable to the Treaty." 



Sir 

I have had your Honours Order to Cap* John Gyles 
to dismisse my Servant after the Enlisting an other man- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 391 

which is a Very hard thing to D? there unlesse he can con- 
trive to make a man & to Enlist him &c 
A day or two since I Mett with Cap* Penhallow & L* Benj*^ 
Wright, who say y*^ My Servant hath ben in y*^ Service ( Come 
fall of y'' year ) four years, & have given y'' attestation to 
it, y® one by wrighting, & y® other sighning of A Certificate 
of it, as also y* he hath ben Confined to y*^ fort two years - 1 
hope your Hon'' will Reconsider y^ Matter «& y*^ hard ship y*^ 
y^ young man lays und*' Especially, bemg a Volmiteer as he 
was - & favor me with a New ord' to Cap* John Gyles to 
Deliver him on Sight; for I shall otherwise be a great 
sufferer, & be at y*' Charge of Sending for y^ man & be 
disap*? 

S^ for fear of your Hon^^ forgetting y® natere of your 
Ord*" have Enclosed it, & hope y* you'll oblige me with an 
other, with out any Conditions or Reserves in it, w*^ is 
y^ Needfull from 

Your Hon" Obed* hum^'" Servant 

WP Vaughan 

Portsm? May 20*^ 1727 

To y« Hon^^i W™ Dummer Esq^ 
L* Governour 



May 19th, 1727. 
May it Pleas your honour 
an Infonnar from Keneback River to a quaint, that ten of 
the Malcontant Indians sat out this Spring In order to Kill & 
take English, and when y** Peacble Party heard of it, they 
sent a Party affter them & over took them, & Reasoned y** 
Case w"* em, and told them if they wear Resolved to Go on, 
they wold go w"' them, & if they Did any harm to y'' Englisli, 
tliey should Neiver Return to Caneday a Livef, for they 



392 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

would Inform ye English & Rais men to am bush Every 
Carring Place throw y® Continant, & if any made thier 
Escape to Ercegontagog they would fetch them out, or if 
they had a mind to tri thier Manhood they would see them 
on a Pond that was hard by, but on Concideration of these & 
anther arguements, they Desisted, & have Don no harm to 
any. 

thier ar several Indians from Caneday, a bout 50 or 60 
men they Reside Chiefly at taconnock, Sum ar of y® Praying 
Mohawks & of Ercegontagog som of Wowenog & sum of 
those y* wear Drove from Norangowock & those Parts, they 
ar a Mixt Crew, many of them Dont Pray and sum ar 
Wisards a mong them, tho they Generally Seem to Inclin to 
Peace w'^'' y* English, & ar Calld English Indians, on y* 
account 

g John Gyles Enterpef 



This Certifys all Concern'd That James Blaggdon or Bragg- 

don now a Soldier at S? Georges under the Command of 

Cap^ John Gyles was inlisted into the service sometime in 

Nov^ 1723 

as attests Benj" Wright 

The s*^ Braggdon has been posted at S\ Georges Two Year 

Last January. 

Portsm° May 19^^ 1727 



Capt John Gyles 

Mr William Vaughan having represented to 
Me That James Bragdon ( his servant ) now a soldier in 
your Garrison, has been in y® service of this Province a long 
time Desiring that he may be Dismiss'd. 

These are to direct you to Enlist another able bodied man 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 393 

in his stead, and then to dismiss the said James Bragdon 
accordingly. 

Given mider my hand at Boston the 29''^ day of May, 1727- 
In the Thirteenth Year of his Maj*!^ Reign 

W'" Dummer 

Letter LK Gov. Dummer to Capt. Heath ^ Capt. Gryles 
May 23, 1727. 

Sir 

I rec^ your Letter of the 13^^ April while I was in 
the Countrey. I am extreamly pleased with the accurate & 
useful Accounts & Observations you give us upon the State 
of Affairs with the Eastern Indians, & have great Depend- 
ance on your Diligence & prudent Conduct as a considerable 
Means to confirm their good Disposition. I have shall send 
you by Sanders the Value of £10 m Goods w'"' you must 
dehver in my name & in the most proper manner to John 
Hegon & Sebacomon m Consideration of theii- Time & Ser- 
vice in the Journey to Canada w*^*" you mention in your 
Letter, and as a further Testimony of my Favour to them you 
must present them mth the Value of 40. each in Provisions. 
I would have you do all you can to countenance & encourage 
the Indians Resettling at Norridgewock & those Parts. 

You must acquamt Lorou that you have my Orders alwaies 
to treat him as a particular Friend to the English. 
& must tell them that I have given Orders that no. Body 
shall molest them in their Fishing & Hunting, more especially 
on Connecticut & Kennebunk Rivers as they have desire.^ 

Letter L\ Gov. Ihimmer to May 23, 1727. 

Sir 

I rec'' your sev" Letters sent by L^ Wright & since 

that those of the Latter End of the Last «& Beginning of this 



394 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

month, & am well pleased with y^^ Diligence getting the best 
Intelligence you can of the Temper & Designs of the Indians. 

The Secfy by my Order informd you that I had appointed 
the tenth Day of July for Ratifying the Peace with the 
Norridgwocks & other Indians at Boston, & directed you to 
endeavour that the Chiefs of the Indians repair hither accord- 
ingly ; W°'* Instructions you must observe & use all proper 
Argum*? to induce them to make Boston the place of their 
Meeting for that affair, But in case you shall find them 
finally averse to treat here you must immediately send me an 
Ace* of it by Express, that I may take measures accordingly ; 
And altho I gave you Leave to come up to Court to pass y''*' 
Muster Roll at the next Session, I think it absolutely nec- 
essary that you stay to receive the Indians & conduct them 
to the Place of Meeting ; & send an" Officer up with your 
Roll. 

As to what Loron tells you of a Rumour of our Engaging 
the Mohawks ag*'' the Eastern Indians you must assure him 
that It is a false & malicious Story invented by our Enemies 
with a mischievous Intention, and that I wonder he will 
open his Ears to such a vile Sugestion after the Indians have 
had so many Marks of my Sincerity. 

And as to the other Matter he mentions of a Design for a 
separate Peace with the Norr. Indians, You may tell him 
there is no Foundation for it. My Intention being to meet 
the Indians in Order to ratify the Peace already made & I 
shall come mto Nothing but what is entirely conformable to 
that Treaty. & 

In answer to what you have written by the Desire of 
Wenungenet & the other Indians & in their Name, You must 
say to them as follows ; 

That I rec'^ y' Letter of the 8**' of April last some time 
since, but being then at my Countrey House at a considerable 
Distance from Boston I had no Opportunity to send y"" an 
answer. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 395 

that I observe y" Messengers are return' cl from Canada with 
Success, & that the Tribe of Indians at Arrasaguntacock are 
entirely satisfied with the Peace you have made with me on 
their Behalf as well & that they have sent two of their Chiefs 
& others to meet me in Order to ratify the s? Peace : and 
that altho twenty Indians of that Tribe were something dis- 
satisfied yet they did at last approve of our Proceedings & 
express themselves well pleased that there is now a Calm in 
our w^hole Land, that I have likewise rec^ the two Belts you 
sent me one from the s? Arrasaguntacook Tribe & the other 
from the twenty Indians above mention'd. I am well satis- 
fied with y"^^ success on that Message, and hope that the 
English & Indians throughout the Contmet will live in per- 
fect Friendship & Goodwill for the tune to come & will pro-^ 
mote each others Welfare all that is in their Power ; It being 
alwaies my Desire & Endeavour to accomplish such a Peace 
as would prove for the great & lastuig Benefit of the Indians 
as well as the English. I desire that the Chiefs & others 
Messengers from the Arrasaguntacook Indians would pro- 
ceed to Boston as soon as they can, in Order to meet & con- 
fer with me upon those important Affairs, & that Wenungenet 
& Moxus & other Chiefs of the Penobscot & Norridgewock 
Tribes would accompany y"". And they may depend upon 
my Receiving them very kindly ; And I hope our Interview 
will be for the better Estabhslmi* of the Peace between us : 
That as to the twenty Men y^ say were dissatisfied but are 
now brouglit over to join with you in the Peace, I doubt 
not but y"^ Account of them is true ; But the French Letter 
sent me w''^ y^ say is from tliose Indians does entirely con- \ 

tradict y'' Representation of the Temper & Designs of those 
Indians, For that Letter says they keep the Hatchet still well 
up & makes unreasonable Demands contrary to y" I'reaty at 
Casco from w'"' I am resolved never to depart. Pretending 
that they twenty are the Chiefs of the Norr. Indians & Act 
for y"', w'"' I know t(j be false having rcc'' sev" friendly Let- 



396 ~ DOCUMENT ABY HISTORY 

ters from Moxus & others who are the undoubted Chiefs of 
that Tribe, & that Letter casts very unjust Reflections upon 
me & the Enghsh W*^.^ I sh? much resent, But that I entirely 
rely on the other Ace* of those Indians as true, & that French 
Letter being without date & not sign'd by any Person what 
soever, I take it to be a villanous Design of some evil minded 
Men that mortally hate both the English & Indians & are 
desireous to involve us in new Troubles ; And therefore I 
shall reject the Paper as nothing else but a scandalous Libel ; 
However if those or any other Indians may be so far prevail'd 
upon by the Artifices of any ill minded Persons as to attempt 
any thing upon the English contrary to our Treaty & w"*^ 
may lead to break the Peace I shall depend upon y°'' Solemn 
Engagem*^^ y^ will effectually bind them to Peace & hinder 
them from offering the least Injury to the English. I have 
sent to Cp' Gyles a Reward to Alexis & Francis Xavier for 
their Time & faithful Service in the Message sent to Arrasa- 
guntacook & as a Token of my further Respect I shall Order 
then a Supply-Pro vision. 

That Upon Inquiry into what Victor mentions of the Loss 
of his Canoe & Guns, I find Ensign Trescot has taken up a 
Canoe & two Hatchets w'^'' is supposed to be Victors & he 
has p*^ <£3.10 for them W*=^ with £5 I shall give him in con- 
sideration of y^ Loss of his two Guns will be sent to him in 
Goods by Saunders. 

that I have rec*^ Advice from Annapolis that a Body of 
Indians being assembled near Menis & Secanecto some ill 
minded Men among them were meditating Mischief ag^* our 
Fisher Men in Revenge of y® Justice done to y® French & 
Indian Pirates the last Fall. I think it proper to communi- 
cate this to y"* Agreable to y® Treaty Expecting that they 
may inquire into this matter, And, if it be so that y^ oppose 
these Indians & Reduce them to a Peaceable Behaviour, 
W^^ is conformable to y® Engagem*^ m y® s*^ Treaty. 

In answer to what Loron says 



OF THE STATE OF MAESTE 397 

Letter U. Gov. Dummer to Col. Wheelwright. 

Sir 

I have rec^ from the Eastern Indians very full Testimonies 
of their peaceable Temper & Intentions and as a Mark of 
their entire Confidence in our Friendship, Many of them 
( who have been driven by the late War into the Governm* 
of Canada are now Returning back with their Famihes to 
their old Habitations near our Borders, and they have desired 
I would take the proper Methods for their Safety in their 
Hunting near us ; more particularly at Connecticut and Ken- 
nebunk River. 

These are therefore to disire & direct you to take effectual 
Care that the Inhabitants of the Frontier Towns in your 
County be notified hereof, & that they give no Molestation 
to the s*^ Indians in their Hunting & Fishing, but treat them 
with Kindness & Friendship, and that they avoid all Occa- 
sions of Quarrelling with them, W^.'^ is absolutely necesssary 
In Order to preserve the Peace. You must more especially 
restrain the People on Kennebunk River from any Resentm* 
of the Injury done to our People there, For I have taken 
Proper Measures for Satisfaction. 

May y« 26 : 1727 
May it Pleas your honour 

This Day Espequead y® sacond Chief of y® Panobcut tribe, 
w"' sum authers Desiard me to a quaint your honour that he 
Desiars that y® yong Indian boy y* was Left as a hostig Last 
fall, may be Returnd to them by y® furst, autherways he is 
thoughtfuU whether it will not Create Mischief to befall us 
by sum, 

he further Desiars y* whereas he in y® time of war. Lent a 
vessell to three Maruelhed men that wear Preconars, to go 
to thier home, & to*" Return in a set time w"" y® Ransom for 



398 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

themselves, and scoonar, but he sais as it is now Peace, he 
hath Nothing to say to y® mens Ransom, but Expectes his 
Vessel to be Returnd by y® furst, or satisfaction for her or 
he shall think he is not Justly Delth w*** 

W^ Respect Salutes Governor Dummer 

g Jn° Gyles Enter^* 



May 27*1^ 172Y 
this Day y® 2 Indian Messengers y* brought y® Messuage 
or Letter from y® Ercegontegog Malcontent Party, Say that 
they Expect an answar to their Letter by y® furst & s'^ Mes- 
sengars further say they ar of Opinion if they have no answer 
sent them, they may be Incurridged to Do Us sum Privat 
Mischief, for they ar not without Councelors to Do it. the s^ 
Messengars heartily salute your honour & y® honorable Coun- 
cil & say they will Do to thier Uttermost for Peace & a Good 
Understanding Round y® Contenant. 

g John Gyles Enter' 



Letter L\ Grov. Dummer to Cap\ Heath ^ Cap'' Smith 
May 27, 1727. 

Sir 

I rec? your Letter by Cpt. Saunders, & observe what 
you mention of the Uneasiness of y^ Indians upon the Fall of 
the Price of the Bever ; To satisfy them in this matter, You 
must shew them by your Invoice that our Goods are likewise 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 399 

fallen especially Rum (w"'' is much lower in Proj)ortion than 
Bever ) That It was Agreed at y® Treaty that they sh^^ have 
the utmost for thier Furrs that they would fetch in the mar- 
ket at Boston. That we then told them that the Prices of Goods 
were not fix'd but would frequently change according to the 
Circumstances of Trade, And when they Come to Boston 
They will have Liberty to try the Merchants & Shop Keepers 
here they will find that we have allowed them the full Price 
of every tWig We have brought & sold our Goods to them 
at very easy & moderate Rates. And they will certainly find 
that no other People will give them so much for their Furrs 
nor sell Goods so cheap to them as we do. 
Cap* Heath and Smith. 



Letter U. Gov. Bummer to Capt. John Gyles May 27., 1727 

Sir 

The Letter herewith enclosed was design'd to go in a 
Sloop bound for Falm? but Cpt. Saunders being come in I 
have stop'd it till his Return to you : By him I have sent the 
Goods mention'd in the other letter, W*^!' you must deliver to 
the several Indians in my Name in the most proper Manner 
you can. 

I have rec'^ your Letter by Saunders ; In answer to it 
You must acquaint Wenungenet That I take it well of him 
That he has sent a Message to the Canada Indians (with his 
Belt of Wampam) "That they must make no more Breaches 
" on the English, & if they do, that he will resent it «& con- 
" suit with me & have satisfaction of them. And that is what 
" I have expected he would do. He being obliged to by 
" Treaty. 

May 27th, 1727 

Cap* Gyles. 



400 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter Samuel Jordan to L\ Gov. Bummer. 

Beddiford June S**^ 172T 
May it please yo'^ Honour 

Having this Opportunity I thought it my Duty as it con- 
cemes the Publick Interest, especially at this Juncture 
Affairs, to inform your Honour, of what happened of Late in 
this Town ; There being several Irish Men settled in and 
about this Place, and more perticularly at Saco Falls, they 
prictice y® catching of all Sorts of Fish with Scains, began 
last Spring, and continue the same Practice Still : By w*''' 
means prevent the Fish going up the Falls, into the fresh 
ponds, as usual, which has been found of great Prejudice to 
the Indians, insomuch, that many of them have come and 
made their Complaint to me, & desired that the Governm* 
might be inform'd thereof, that proper Measures might be 
taken effectually to prevent the same. Otherwise y^ Conse- 
quence will terminate to y® Disservice of y" Province, as I 
conceive. Since y® Indians have made their Application to 
me, as I was a Town Officer, and a Well Wisher to the 
Province's Wellfare, I, with the rest of the Town Officers, 
thought it our Duty to forbid the afores"? Practice, notwith- 
standing which, they continue to go on, & will do so, without 
some immediate Command from y^ Governm* So I leave 
the whole to yo"" Hon" wise Consideration & Determination 
in y® affair and remain 

Yo'' Hon^« Obedient Faithful Serv' at Command 

Sam" Jordan 

Letter Chiefs of Norridgewock WoweenocJc ^ Arressegontoogook 
to L*. Gov. Bummer. 

Richmond Fort, June 12"^ 1727 
Great Governour 

We wrtie in love to Informe you that 

its Fifty seven dayes since we came to Teconnock and we 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 401 

Desire to Know your Intentions concerning us. The Penob- 
scut Indians also Invited us to come over from Canada, 
but have not Told us your mind. 

The Messengers Sent to us at Canada, Said nothing of our 
meeting you at Boston, nor can we come there : 
We have come a great way, waited long, and begin to want 
victuals. Those who sent for their neighbours us'd to find 
them provision. 

Tho : wee are a poor people it's our custom when wee send 
for any to find them victuals while they stay with us. 
We desire you not to think our words Strange, For wee have 
( heitherto ) waited in Silance Expecting Our Brethen of 
Penobscut ( who were first in making peace ) had long agoe 
told you y* Time of our Coming and buisseness, as they 
promissed to do. 

We Ernistly Desire to meet you at this Fort as soon as may 
be, it being very difficult for Our people to live altogether. 
We Deliver this message to Cap* Heath by order of the 
Sagamores & Captains at Taconnock in whose name and 
behalf also, we Salute you & y® great Council 

Marks 

Witness Neridgawalk \ Wyworney 

Joseph Heath /^^T^ 

of Woweenock »-/ H^ Ommoway 
Joseph Bane -'jr 

Arrisegontoogook J U j[ ■■■ ^ i Pere Sunc 

Letter Capt. Joseph Heath to L\ (rov. Bummer June 12^ 1727. 

Honourable 

S^ Tills covers a letter from the Sachems and 
Captains of the Indians, Assembled at Taconnock in this 
River. 



27 



402 DOCTJMENTAKY HISTOEY 

The Indians of Noriclgawalk & S* Francois were made to 
feal the frowns of Heaven in a more distinguishing manner 
then any others Engeaged in the Late war. Yet being a peo- 
ple to a great Degree Stubborn and Insolent, have been 
dilatory : And the Emissaries of y® Jesuits amongst them, to 
gether with the alteration of y^ price of Beavour caused a 
Demurr. They hoped also by their dela}^ to move your 
Honour to make the first Overtures of a Treaty; neverthe- 
less { so far as I am able to desirn ) the result of all their 
Councils is a general peace. 

It's probable they'l be no less Exobitant in their Demands 
about Land then they are Respecting provision For it has 
even been their custom to be Extravagantly wild in their first 
proposals and afterwards submit to reason. Nor is it con- 
trary to former usuage for them to be sustained with provision 
at a Conference ; hence it's likely that y'' Treaty once 
Opened, those affairs will soon be Accomodated. 

It must be granted in their favour, that ( their furrs being 
Exhosted ) they cannot long subsist in great Companies, And 
if the Affairs of y® Government should not admit of your 
Honours meeting them in a little time they seem to be under 
a necessity either to prey upon the Cattle in these parts, or 
Disperce their Company, which at present consists of 80 or 
an hundred men whose famelies are Generally with them. 

The Canada Indians Stifly Opposed going to Boston & 
prevailed. 

The messengers who signed the Indian letter proposed to 
Insist upon An Answer from your Honour in Ten dayes, 
which I resisted & persuaded them to leave it to you with 
out seting any Time. 

And when they Insisted upon having y® Congress at this 
Fort, I laboured to have them submit that also, but they 
would by no means Conceed to it. It appears to me that the 
noridgawalk Indians being Disgusted at some former Treat- 



OF THE STATE OF ]\IAINE 403 

ment at Falmouth arc resolved" not to goe their they also 
complain of 111 usuage at their last meeting at Arrowsick, 
but if it be more acceptable to your Honour to Treat with 
them at Arrovvsick then in this place beUeve they will meet 
you their if you Insist upon it. 

And an answer to their letter with y*^ Time you propose for 
y® s'^ meeting being speedily Dispatched heither will be 
amighty satisfaction to them. 

The Indians have been very urgent with me to goe to 
Boston on this Occasion And apprehending y*^ Service would 
not suffer by it did at least presume to promise them that I 
would goe with Cap' Saunders whome I have Several Dayes 
Expected from S! Georges to Take from this Truck House 
about a Thousand pounds worth of Furrs. But that no 
Time should be lost have sent these letters p'' Express 

& am with all my heart Your Honours 

most Dutifull Obedient Hum^.''^ Servt 
Richmond Fort June 12^? 1727 Joseph Heath 

P. S. Lieu'' Clark y*^ bearer hereof seems to be the most 
likely person to bring your Honours letter to y® Indians as 
being an Expeditious man & well acquainted with y® way. 



Letter Capt. John Gyles to Lieut. Gov. Dummer June I4., 1727. 

May it Pleas your Honour I Rec'' your Letters g 
Cap*" Sanders on y'^ 4''' Currant a bout a 11 of the clock at 
night & then we haveing not any Indians w*^ us it being 
their annual time of meeting for Prayer, &c which upon I 
Ordred 2 Guns to be fired Daily to notifie them, which was 
according to my a Greeraent w"' Wenogenet when any 
Exprece Came from Gov"^ Dummar, 

on y* H*-'' Currant hear a Rived sum IncUaus tho no 
Message, but say y* they have had a Great Meeting of 2 or 3 



404 DOCTJIVIENTAEY HISTORY 

Days Debate of a fears, & y' a Canow from y" Canebacks w*^ 
a Message to them and a Canow of y^ Penobcuts Returnd 
^th ye Canebacks to taconnock w*'' a notlier message to them 
in answer which ar not yet Returnd, and y* a bove s'^ mes- 
sages ar not as yet made known, only Many Debates Con- 
cerning y® moveing y* truckhousen & haveing new articuls & 
to have a Line Run betwen y* Lands, and Concerning y* 
french & Indian Pirotrs y* wear hanged Last fall, in my 
opinion they ar set on by. 

On y® 9th Currant I sent a Messag to Wenogenet & Chiefs 
to Com & hear your honours Letter Red &c 
on y® 12**^ Currant hear a Riv*^ y® Caneback & Penobcut 
Messengers from taconnock Returning to Penobcut AcCom- 
paned w**^ a 11 yong Indians, I ad vis'' s'^ Messengers to stop 
w"^ me, for I had sent for y® Chiefs of Penobcut to Com & 
hear Gov^ Dummars Lettar & answar, Red and Enterpreted 
to them, In pursuant to my orders And I Expected them in 
a Day or two &c 

which they Concented to, Desiaring Provision &c 
which after 2 Days waiting & the Penobcuts not a Riveing, 
they went on for Penobcut but meeting w"' Sum of y® 
Penobcut tribe Returnd hether a Gain &c 
June 14, 1727 

P a Privat Informar sais y* many of y*^ yong men that Came 
from Canadey ar wery of waiting for Gou"^ Dummars Coming 
to meet them in these Parts and ar Returnd ( they say y*^ 
Gov^ Dummar & y® Panobcut Chiefs sent for them ) tho y*^ 
Chief men ar all yet waiting at taconnock, and Expect Gou' 
Dummar to Com to them, the Informar further saith y* a bout 
half of those y*^ Came from Caneday will be unsadisfied if 
y® truckhousen & authers be not moved further to y® west- 
ward, not y' they will fall on to Do Us any Mischieff but 
will not be asy about the Lands, ( Jesuitt for that ) the nams 
of those Chief men now waiting at taconnock, is Moxses, 



OF THE STATE OP JSIAINE 405 

Chief of Narangewock : Ya-ha-liam-ma-wit a Chief at Erce- 
gontecock : We-na muggen : A Chief at Wowenog : Araar : 
rabarot : Wowerena : Pearis : & John hegon : is y. 

June 16th 1727 
this morning hear a Riv*^ a Canow from y® Chiefs of Penob- 
cut w*** a Messag, to Desiar me not to be out of patience, for 
they wear holding a Council w"' the Canebacks & S* John 
Indians, & then they would be w*'' me w^** all speed to hear 
Gou'' Dummars Lettar &c 

June 19th 
this Day hear a Rived y*' Chief of S*^ Johns son, and 
aquainted me, that sum Indians from Cape Saples, this sum- 
mar had a meeting w*** them at thier Chief Plantation & well 
a Proved of y" a Greeraent y* the English & the Pcnobcut 
tribe had made &c 

this Eving I Recud a Messeg from y® Chiefs of Pcnobcut 
to aquaint y* y** C'hiefs Propose to be hear tomorrow a bout 
12 of y® Clock, & y® reson of thier not Coming soonar was 
y® Death of y® Chiefs Child, which they tarried to bury her 
&c 

June 22 

A Messeg from y® Indian Camp to a quaint y* thier Chiefs 
& Jesuitt wear a Riv'^ this Evening & Saluted y® oilicers, & 
the Chiefs s*^ the Reson of his Long stay was y® Death of his 
Child & auther afifears of moment 

g John Gyles Enterpretr. 

Letter U. Gov. Dummer to the Penobscot Sachem 
June 17, 1727. 

Wenungenet & his Chiefs 

I have a Message from the Indians oi' 
Norridgawack, Woowenock, &. Arrascguntecook ( who are 



406 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

now to the number of 4 Score Men & upward at Taconeck 
that they Come so far upon your invitation in your own & 
my name in order to know my intentions Concerning them, 
w^ they say you have not inform'd them of. My answer to 
their Message you have a Copy of herewith, by w*^^ you'l see 
that I have determin'd to Meet them the 10"' of July next in 
order to ratifie & Establish the peace g & in the same Man- 
ner as that Concluded with you at Casco. from w^' I shall 
not depart, & being resolved to Acquaint you our good 
ffriends with everything I transact with the other Indians I 
desire youl meet me at Falm" at the time appointed where 
care will bee taken to provide for you m order to be psent at 
the ratification & Cap* Gyles will provide you a Passage. 

Letter L\ Q-ov. Dummer to Capt. John Ciyles June 17^ 1727 

Cap! Gyles 

You'l see by the inclosed Letter to the Sachem 
& Chiefs of Penobscots of my appointment to the Nor- 
rigawaks &c. for ratifying the Peace. You will send for 
them & Interpret the s*^ Letter to them forthwith assuring & 
explaming to them at the same time my great regards to 
them on all Occations as the first who Came in to a good 
agreement & a happy peace with us. After w*^'' you are to 
meet me at Falm? for w*"'' purpose & the passage of the Pen- 
obscot Cheifs the vessell w*''^ Carrys Provision to Richmond 
was Ordered to Call for you. I desire you'l acquaint 
y® Indians hereof & Encourage them by all means to Come. 

Letter Lt. Gov. Dummer to Lieut. Clark, June 17, 1727. 

Leif! Clark 

You are with the greatest speed to repair to the Fort 
at Richmond with my Message to the Norregawack Woowe- 
nock & Arrasaguntacook Indians, & arriving there you are 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 407 

in y*^ absence of Cap' Heath to deliver the same to Cap* Jos: 
Bean in order to be Communicated to the Cheifs of the 
Indians whome you are forthwith to Notifie to Come in to 
you for that purpose & you are to deliver to such Indians as 
appear Provissions daily according to the Souldiers allowance. 
& I shall take Care to send you a ffresh supply forthwith for 
them & the Garrison You must take the utmost Care to keep 
all in Peace & quietness & that the Indians have no Cause 
of Complaint. 

Letter L\ Gov. Dummer to Indians at Richmond, 
June 17, 1727. 

Good Friends 

I rec** your Letter of y® 12'^ Instant from Richmond, 
W'''* is the first Message I have rec*^ from you since your 
being in these parts, & Accordingly to y"" Desire I am Deter- 
mined ( God willing ) to meet you on the tenth of July w*"" 
is the time I desired the Penobscots to acquaint you of. Cpt. 
Heath will Lett you know the Place I shall judge most 
proper. In the mean Time I have given Orders for y''* Sup- 
port till my Arrival When I doubt not but by y® favour & 
blessing of God We shall establish a happy & lasting Friend- 
ship between us agreeable to what has been already Settled 
with the Penobscot Indians at Casco in their own & your 
behalfe. 

June 17, 1727. 

To Wyworna, Ommaway & Pere Sune to be com- 
municated to y® Rest of the Indians at Richmond. 

Letter L\ Qov. Dummer to Caj)t. Jordan. June 17, 1727. 

Capt. Jordan 

I have determined to Meet the Eastern Indians 
on the Tentli of .Inly next, in Order to Ratify the Peace with 



408 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

them : and therefore desire That You would not fail of Meet- 
ing Me at Falmouth at that time in Order to Serve as 
Interpreter 

I am Sir Your Humble Servant 
Boston June 17th, 1727, 

W™ Dummer 

June 22, 1727. 
May it Pleas your honour 

On this Day g a Privet Informar from Erceg- 
ontacook being Improved by Gyles on y* service a bove 20 
years 

he sais y* Great Disputs this spring Concerning Affears, have 
been betwen y® Indians of y® several tribes from Cape Saplee 
to y® mountain Indians, & y® french, & at thier Great Debats 
& Councils was whether thier should be a treaty w'^'' 
y® English or not, the several tribes s'^ it was Proper to hear 
what y® English said before any breach made on them, but 
Arobree y® Jesuitt and Anadahouitt his Decon, & Aniare- 
guened, & Wewonorawed : Indian Chiefs, usd all Possible 
mens to force on to Slay the English, before they heard what 
they had to say & the new Gou' s*^ he was in frindship w'*" 
y® English & would be well Plesd y*^ y° English & Indians 
have a Meetting, but y® Jesuitt Utterly Declard against it, 
and Pusht on for war, & sent out 10 Indians to Give a stroke 
on y^ English, before they had any Discours further, &c 
which upon y® Chiefs, y* were well wishers to Peace sent a 
Party & overtook them & Debeted Affears, as I find y® for- 
mar, Informar Gave me an account of which this is a further 
Confurmation &c the Informar further saith y* y® new Gov"^ 
is over born & swaid by y® Jesuitts. 

June 24^'' 
g an Informar that y® tribes have sent a Messag of two 
Wompora belts to y® furren tribes beyond Ercegontecook to 



OF THE STATE OF AIAINE 409 

bury y^ hatchet and not to offer any hurt to any for y° futer 
for they ar in Good frindship w^'' the English &c 

g John Gyles Enterp' 



Letter Capt. John Gyles to U. Gov. Bummer Jime 26, 1727 . 

May it Pleas your honour 
I Rec*^ your Letters to y® Indian Chiefs yesterday a bout 
2 of y® Clock by y® way of Ritchmond by y^ hand of Liu'? 
Clarke and have notified y" Chiefs of s'' Letter, they not 
being Gon from thier Camp to thier Plantation. 
June 26, 1727 
the Chiefs Came & I Red s*^ Letter and tliey Like it well, 
and Desiard me to write thier answar, which gos in Closd, 
and I also Inclose (to the best of ray skill ) the motions h 
tempars of the several tribes, in my opinion is Chiefly Reali- 
ties, if worthy your honours Perrusing, it may be of service 
to y^ officar, on y® whole &c 
S* Georges River Juno 26: 1727 

I am your honours most Dutifull Servant 

John Gyles 
I send your Canow & 2 I'adles p Cap* Sanders. 
My affears my wife Rites me word wants me much at home. 



Letter Wenogent to JJ. Gov. Dummer 

St. Georges June 26 : 1727. 
Loveii Gov"" Dummar I Rec** your Letter of y® hand of 
Cap*" Gyles, you say to meet you on y° IC' of July at Casco, 
I Like well, & sliall Endever to Comply w*'' y" Place & time 
& you will hear what I Wenogcenet & our tribe say to y° 
auther tribes for we could not linish by Reason of y^ auther 



410 DOCUMENT AEY HISTORY 

tribes being absent, wliich now I hope we shall finnish to 
Ratifie y® Peace &c is what I have to say & heartily salute 
you Gov' Dummar &, Concil & hope we shall have a Good 
meeting if God willing. 



Letter 

Richmond June 30"> 1727. 
S^ The Express g Lieu* Clark I rec'd 23* Currant, and 
the same day Dispatch.d the other letters to Cap. Gyles at 
S. Georges. The day following Toxas & Sosep of Noridga- 
walk, Jummoway of S* Francois and Nemmageen of 
Woweenock Accompanied w*^ men women & Children to 
y® number of 120 came heither, Rec^ His Honour the 
Lieu* Governours Letter and a Supply of Provision and 
Desired me in their behalf to Thank him for his said Letter 
to, & care of them. 

Some of their young men are gon to penobscutt & pigwacket 
& on y® 13*? Instant 15 of them went to Canada to bring 
over their famolies. 

In his Honour the Lieu' Gove" letter to these Indians I 
observe It's said that I am to Informe them what place he 
thinks most proper for y* Conference which Instructions 
have not reed as yet But apprehending ( by his honours 
Letter to the Penobscutts ) that Falmouth is Intended have 
acquainted these Sachems of it who seem mightily sattisfied 
that he is coming but don't speak of meeting him there, which 
together with what they said when they wrote to him maketh 
me doubt they'l be somewhat stiff about it They intend to 
be all together at merry meeting bay in 6 Dayes ( and ) upon 
his Honours arrival at Falmouth ) I think a message to them 
would be for the service- 

I observe also in his honours Letter to Cap" Gyles that its 
proposed y* sloop which brought y^ provision here should 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 411 

bring him & y'' penobscot Indians to Falmoutli by y*" 10^** of 
July which Time being at hand & niY Tarr ( master of y® 
said sloop ) having no Orders in that respect have presumed 
to Direct him to attend that service, as knowing y® said 
Indians being Disappomted of a Conveyance ( as his Honour 
proposed, would be Disgusted. 

The Indians are very Gealous that the Missionary at 
S* Francois has wrote a letter to his Honour reflecting upon 
them and Intreat ( if it be so ) they may Know it. And I 
should greatly rejoyce if such a letter could be produced at 
this Juncture 

I am S' Your Most Hum^^^ Serv* 

Joseph Heath 



Crovernor's Message June 27^ 1727. 

Gent, of the House of Representatives 

In answer to your Message to Me this morning 
I now acquaint you that besides a Guard of fifty or 
sixty men ( which I shall Order to be Raised in the County 
of York to save the Charge of Transportation whose pay 
ought now to be Stated. I Expect that a Number of Gent : 
of both Houses Accompany Me to the Eastward, that so I 
may see the Indians in such a manner as may be Convenient 
& for the Hon'' of y" Governm* & I desire you woukl make 
provision accordingly. 
June 27: 1727" 



Portsm? N. England Aug"* T*? 1727. 
May it please Your Lordsliips 

M_y last l)(!ars date Ajorill yc H"^'' past Duplicates of 
wiiicli I forwarded by y" Industry William Shepardson 



412 DOCUMENT ARY HISTORY 

Cofnander which hope came safe to hand ; since which I 
received a letter from Mr Popple by your Lordships com- 
mand bearing date Jan? y** 3d, last which letter came to my 
hand about y® Middle of Aprill following with M^ Attorney 
& Sollicitor Generals opinion concerning His Majesty's right 
to y" Woods. A Coppy gave to the Deputy Surveyor for 
His better Government. 1 dont know but this will strengthen 
the Surveyor something in this Province ; but in y® Massa- 
chusets they will not mind it. Since M^ Attorney & Sollic- 
itor General are of Opinion that it is His Majesty's just right 
that all such trees should be reserved, humbly am of 0pm- 
ion that an additional Clause be to that Act, of the 6"' of 
His present Majestys Reighn ( Viz* ) in Townships as well as 
out without respect to either ; for if the Act be not Severe 
the people will break in upon it. I shall say no more Relat- 
ing the Kings Woods, least I should be thot troublesome, 
but shall do my utmost to preserve the trees from being 
destroyed. Those that are imployed, as Agents ; to the Con- 
tracter for Masts. ( Viz* ) M^ Gulston they have great Opper- 
tunitys to make waste of pine trees here, by falling more 
then they want and those people that are Imployed in that 
Service are generally concerned in Saw Mills that what they 
dont make use of for Masts are free for y^ Mill men. having 
been told that great quantities have been cut down formerly 
for that End. I dont know that it is so now. Neither do I 
mention this by way of complaint. I only humbly offer that 
a letter may be wrote by your Lordships Command to the 
Deputy Surveyor or to whom your Lordships may think 
proper which may prevent the Destruction of many a good 
mast. 

This Government Joyned with the Massachusets & Nova 
Scotia in ratifying the peace made with the Eastern Indians. 
When Lieutennant Governour Dummer myself & Major 
Maskarei^e on the part of Nova Scotia was present at Fal- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 413 

mouth in Casco Bay the 31'? July hist past were three tribes 
present ( viz? Arresaguntecooks, Norridgewocks & Wowe- 
nocks that borders near Cannada made their Subjection to 
King George and Coniirmed the peace we made with the 
Penobscots last Summer, a perticular account your Lord- 
ships will receive from Lieutennant Governour Dummer. 
That Goverment being cheifly concern'd in making this last 
war. I hope we shall have a lasting peace with the Indians 
which will very much contribute to the Settlement of this 
Province. 

According to your Lordships Order, I have given direc- 
tions to the Naval Officer to be careful in sending home the 
Account of all Negroes here Imported within this month we 
have had more Negroes imported then for many years before 
Viz* Twelve from Antiqua, Eleven from the Island of Ter- 
cera one of y*" Western Islands & two from Nevis most of 
them new sent here for sale in our trade Vessels. 

I have herewith inclosed the Journals of Councill with 
what Acts I have passed from November 1726 to May 1727 
together with the remaining Stores & Expence of Gun pow- 
der to the 28*? May 1727. I hope your Lordships will be 
pleased to be put in mind how verry bare we are of Stores of 
all sorts at Fort William & Mary so I found it, at first when 
I had the Honour of Commanding it, our agent had Instruc- 
tions to Sollicit, am in hopes we shall succeed tho we wait 
long. Mr Bacon our Collector of this Port accounts will 
come by the next. 

The trade of the Country which is almost at a Stand, 
partly Occasioned by the Warr with Spain its thot two hun- 
dred tlumsand Quenlols flish now remains in y«= Country for 
want of the usual number of Shipping to carry it of, one 
tiling more that has greatly crampt our trade which is call- 
ing in our bills of Credit With the greatest Submission to His 
Majestys Instructions that was of late sent, to these (Jover- 
ments. Humbly taking leave to say a word or two ; I 



414 DOCUMENT AP.Y HISTORY 

Designe it for the good of Trade & the Iiicouragement of the 
Manufactures in England. The trade of this Country has 
been four times more within these last ten years then before 
( This reason ) that we have had a medium which has 
Increased the trade & Incouraged people to run more into it ; 
so that the makeing their own cloathing has Decreased by 
reason of the Currency of paper Credit ; by this means we 
have had more merchandise, perticularly woolens from Eng- 
land within these Seven Years past then in twenty or twenty- 
five years before and I am perswaded that the Custom 
Houses in London & the Several Ports in England will 
Evidence the Verity of it. I dont conceive that this great 
trade has been so advantageous to this Country but Chiefly 
to Support our Ambition. The common people are come to 
that pitch that they will wear nothing but the best of Cloaths 
and so in proportion now the calling in the bills of Credit 
put every body upon thots. for if the Merchants has not 
money, then the trademen, not Country men cant have it. so 
that they will be obliged to spin their own Cloathing ; or 
wear none ; & live within themselves. The Contrary, a Suf- 
ficiency of bills of Credit makes them live in great plenty & 
trade Circulates quick, but when no medium then it stagnated 
to that Degree that the grass in Boston streets will soon 
appear, its hardly possible to conceive the Difference that the 
calling in the last hundred thousand pounds has made ; nei- 
ther gold nor Silver remains with us. The ballance of trade 
is verry much in favour of Great Brittain. but as fast as it 
comes in, so soon is it stript off. and there our whole trade 
naturally Centers, if no paper Credit then the People will be 
Obliged to keep the Silver here. I suppose three hundred 
thousand pounds would answer the End their's not in boath 
Goverments ( not Exceeding forty ) but would gladly peti- 
tion the King for striking bills of Credit and those forty are 
the great Usurers of the Country who layes wait for his 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 415 

neighbours land &c as for my Own part I want it as little as 
any, I'm no trading man my Farms brings me victuals & 
Drink and for Cloathing I must do as I can, I beg your 
Lordships will forgive the freedom I have taken with my 
most dutifull respects, I take leave to Subscribe myself 

My Lords Your Lordsliips most Obed* Humble Servant 

Jn? Wentworth 



Portsm? N. Engl. August y« 24*^ 1727 
My Lords 

Smce the within we have the surprizing News 
of the Death of His Majesty Kmg George which has filled 
our hearts with a Dvitifull Sorrow, in proportion to the Great 
Joy we had upon His Majestys Accession to the Throne. I 
pray God that King George the Second, may long live to 
reign Over us. on Thursday the 17*^ Day of August the 
Funeral Solemnities for King George the first was Observed 
at Castle William & Mary by fireing half minute Guns, 
attended by myself and His Majestys Councill with the 
Representatives and a Considerable Number of Gentlemen &, 
others. This Afternoon the flag was hoisted & the Cannon 
discharged three times with great Huzzas and acclamations 
of Joy ( Let King George the Second long live ) A Regiment 
of Foot & Throop of Horss also attended I have Summonds 
all the officers ( Civill & Millitary ) to attend the next week 
to take the Oaths appointed by Act of Parliament to King 
George the Second whom God preserve. 
I shall alwayes be ready & willing to Obey your Lordships 
Commands in Every thuig in my power thats for the Kings 
Interest 



416 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

I am with great respect Your Lordships most Obedient & 
Most Humble Servant 

Jn? Wentworth 

e ; New Hampshire 

Lre from M\ Wentworth Lieu*: GrovK of N. Hampshire^ 
dated the 7 of Aug*, last. 

Bead. Oct. 2 : 1727. Read Fehry 16 : 1727/8 



Message from the House. 

In the House of Representatives Oct" 10"' 1727- 

Voted That a Message be sent to His Honour the Liev* 
Governour to acquaint him that it is the earnest Desire of 
this House that his Honour would please to give His orders 
for the Dismission of Cap* James Woodside from the Com- 
mand of His Majesties ffort Mary at Winter Harbour, inas- 
much as the Indians have desired another person to have the 
Care of the Trade and be Truck Master there, whom His 
Honour as we apprehend in some measure promised the 
Indians at the late Conference. 

And the House would observe that it will save the Charge 
of the pay of the Commanding there to have the Truck 
Master the same person besides the Difficult}'- if not Impossi- 
bility that will arise (if that officer should any longer be 
continued in that Command) in procuring a proper person 
to have the Care and Management of that Branch of the 
Indian Trade, which the House are very Mailing and desirous 
should be carried on apprehending it for the Interest of the 
province, and agreeable to the Indians Inclinations. 

W^ Dudley SpT 
In Council, Oct 11, 1727. Read. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 417 

Message from the Lieut. Gov^. Oct. 10^ 1727. 

Gentlemen of the House of Represent: 

I look upon it to be of great Importance at this 
juncture to have a Supply made for the Arraseguutacook 
Indians, either at winter Harbour or rather at Saco River, if 
it be Considered that its not only in a manner necessary for 
the Support of those Indians ; but the only favour they 
insisted on at the Treaty & w*^** they were also incouraged to 
Expect from my Answer to them, with the Approbation of 
his Maj'"*^ Council, & in the presence of a number of the 
Represent^*^^ sent down to attend Me on that Treaty ; And I 
am of Opinion that the refusing of it will appear to them 
very partial whilst its granted to the other Indians ; And I 
can't but very much Apprehend that such a distinction will 
greatly disaffect them, & give the French an Advantage, to 
Recover these Indians, who have not without great difficulty 
been gained to the English Interest, the Consequence of w*^"' 
I leave to y"^ serious Consideration. 

W'" Dummer 
Octo^ 10. 1727 

Read 



Vote. 

In Council Oct. 11. 1727. 
Voted tliat a Message be sent down to the Hon'''® House 
of Represent''^* To desire they would pass on tlie Councils 
vote upon the Committees Report respecting a supply for tlie 
Indian Trade to be sent to Fort Mary; The Board apprc- 
liending it to be of very great Consequence for tlie Strength- 
ening & Confirming the present Peace That a suitable Supply 
of (;ioods be sent there without Delay, And the Countreys 
Sloop being now ready to proceed thither. 

28 



418 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Message from the 11. Q-ov^. 

Boston 11th Octo' 1727 
Gentlemen of the House of Representatives 

In answer to your Message to me this Morning desiring 
the dismissing Cap' James Woodsides from the Command of 
the Fort at Winter Harbour, I must Acquaint the House that 
I never made any promise to the Indians respecting the gson 
proposd for a Truckmaster, nor do apprehend any difficulty 
in procuring a proper gson for that Service, notwithstanding 
the gsent officers Continuance there, or that His Continuance 
Can any Wayes interfere with the good Management of the 
Trade : I must also observe to the House that they did not 
esteem the saving of a greater Charge for the pay of an Offi- 
cer of any Consequence in their Choice of a Truckmaster for 
the Blockliouse at Georges River. 

Upon the whole as I Would be glad at all times in every 
Way to Express the Esteem & regard I have for the Senti- 
ments & desires of Y"^ Hon^^^ House so I am also determin'd 
to give no Example of any Violent or arbitrary proceeding 
during my Government but shall endeavour that all the offi- 
cers of My Appointmg may be assured of My protection 
whilest they behave well : therefore as this affair now stands 
I cannot as I Conceive with Honour & Justice Consent to 
Cap* Woodside's dismission before Hee have a Hearing upon 
what has been objected to Him in y" Sundry Votes & Mes- 
sages of y'' House 

Wm Dummer 



To the Honorable Wilham Dummer Esq^ Lieu* Gov- 
ernour and Commander in Cheif the Honourable the 
Council and House of Representatives in General 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 419 

Court a sembled at Boston the 4^'' Day of October 
Aiino Do 1727 

The Petition of Samuel Jones of Boston 
Humbly Sheweth 

That Whereas your Petitioner went as a Tender on 
Board the Ship Martha to Casco Bay at the late Treaty 
with the Indians there and the Petitioner not only per- 
formed that Service but Acted as a Drummer on board 
and kept one of the Storehouses at Casco Bay, for which 
Extraordinary Service the Petitioner was told he Should 
have an Allowance, And Whereas your Petitioner at the 
former Treaty with the Indians the last Year when he 
Acted only as Drummer was Allowed Six Shillings g 
Diem, But So it happens that in the Muster Roll of the 
said ship lately made up the Petitioner is Allowed only 
four Shillings g Day being Thirty one Days he was in the 
Service which is one Third Less than he has heretofore 
had paid him by the Government: Wherefore the Peti- 
tioner humbly prays your Honours Consideration of such 
his services, And that he may have Such further Allow- 
ance for the Same as the Wisdom of this Great and 
General Court shall seem meet. 

And as in Duty bound shall ever pray &c 

Sam Jones 

111 the House of Representatives Oct? 11th 1727 

Read and in Answer to this Petition 
Resolved That the Sufii of Thirty one shillings be allowed 
and paid out of the publick Treasury to the petitioner in full 
of the Services within mentioned 

Sent up for Concurrence 

W" Dudley Sp^ 
In Council, Oct. 11, 1727 Read & Concur'd 

J. Willard Secry 
Consented to 



420 DOCUMENT AEY HISTORY 

Message from the Governor, Oct. 14, 1727. 

Gentlemen of the House of Representatives 

I shall be sorry to have this Court rise, untill a provision 
be made for the supply of the Arraseguntacook Indians, & 
those living about that Country, there being such frequent 
Accounts & Instances of the mdefatigable labour of the 
ffrench Popish Missionary's to stir up the Indians every 
where to Warr upon us : And it cant be strange if they 
should find amongst those poor people some lustrum** for 
their wicked purposes, And I look upon it next to impossible 
by anything we can do to Oblige or restrain those Priests 
from their Outrage. Wherefore I tliink the only Method 
left us is to Cultivate, & Improve the friendship, good 
Esteem & AfTection w*''' those Indians have at present for us, 
who have signed the Peace, & which I make no doubt will 
with prudent managemt render our Frontiers safe in all time 
to come ; And therefore I now once more earnestly recommend 
the aforesaid Supply to You. 



W™ Dummer 



Oct? 14, 1727. 

Read ^ 



Falm*^ June 28. 1728. 
We the Subscribers Resident Proprietors in the Town 
Falmth being Deeply Sensible of y^ Necessity of Preferring 
A Petition to y® Gen" Court at y** next Sessions to Represent 
y® Unhappy Circumstances we are now labouring under par- 
ticularly with resp* to the Irregular proceeding of Our 
Select men & Comittee in laying out & granting Away y^ 
Undoubted Rights of y^ Antient Proprietors w"" we humbly 
conceive is contrary to y*' Act of y'' Gen" Court in y' Grant 
made to sundry Petitioners for resettling s'^ Township do 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 421 

therefore desire y* our Nivmes may be Sett to such a Petition 
as shall be thought propper for y® Informing y*^ Hon^^® Court 
of our present Unhappy Circumstances in order to our quiet 

& peaceable settlem* 

Domini Jordan John Robison 

Jeremah Jordan Nathaneal Jordan 

Robard Jordan John Jordan 

Thomas Jordan Samvall Jordan 

John Sawyer Bengamin York 

Samuel Bucknam Benj : Skilleu 



May it please this Hon'*'® Court 

To Inforce & Maintain the Petition Now before this 
Hon^;« Court 
We Would Humbly Observe 

That Falmouth was setled Anciently by 
Lawfull Proprietors & their right confirmed by the Hon*'^'^ 
President Danforth & No Man Invaded their rights till the 
Heathen Beat them off. 

That upon their resettlement in 1718 the Generall Assem- 
bly from their Consciousness of this Ancient right Justly 
provided that their Order shall in no wise prejudice & 
Infringe any just right & title that any person have to Lands 
there. 

Therefore when the same Court then Order, that the 
Inhabitants of tlie Town be Invested with Town priviledges, 
And that fifty ffamilys more be Admitted as soon as may be 
and Setled in the most Defencible Manner it can't be Meant 
that all the Inhabitants that were Not before Proprietors 
were thereby made Prop'^s : or that the Inhabitants in a Town 
Meeting were tliereby enabled to Vote in and settle Ififty 
Proprietois of the Common & undivided Lands throughout 



422 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Town because with humble submission We believe No 
One Member of a Gen' Court could have thought so, within 
five years after the Province Act made to Order & direct 
Proprietors meeting, distinct from all Town Priviledges : But 
the plain sense is as We Most humbly conceive, that, The 
Inhabitants shall have Town meetings & Act as a Town, And 
the Proprietors shall have their Meetings & provide that 
fhfty more ffamilys whether of the old Proprietors their 
Heirs or Assignes or of Such persons as they shall give Pro- 
prietys to, shall be there setled as aforesaid 

But Notwithstanding the Inhabitants thinking or Desire- 
ing to think, this Power was all given to them, have at their 
Town Meetings taken all the Lands into their Own hands, 
gone on Admitting Inhabitants and Making them Proprietors 
to the Number of Above a hundred Instead of ffifty, given 
Among them Not only the Common Lands but the Proper 
Estates of Ancient Proprietors whose Titles Were Above 
fourscore years old, & some where their Fathers, Uncles & 
Grandfathers have been killed by the Indians upon the spot, 
& Voted to Defend them against the Proprietors And Make 
good their Losses, that it seems they are resolved Whether 
the Indians or English have the Land, the right Owners shall 
be Nothing the better for it. 

Wherefore Upon the whole We humbly think it Necessary 
in Order to Justice And a peaceable Issue of these Conten- 
tions that a Comittee of Good & Prudent Men be Appointed 
to Attend their Proprietors Meeting to receive the Claims of 
the Old Proprietors & Allow them, that a fair list may be 
Made of Such as may be come at ; What they can't supply 
out of themselves, of the ffifty ffamilys, may be by the good 
liking as well of the Proprietors as of the Committee made 
up, out of the best of those persons that have been Irregu- 
larly introduced into the Town, & the Same Committee may 
report to this Hon^^® Court their Opinion concerning any 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 423 

others that May have been Innocently introduced into the 
Town by the aforementioned Mistakes of the Town & Also 
that sufficient provision may be made for any Ancient Pro- 
prietors that may come hereafter & are Not yet Known : This 
is Wliat is Humbly Prayed or such other &, better provission 
as this Hon''"' Court shall think fitt, Whicli is Most humbly 
submitted by us. 

John Higginson for self & M'' James Lindall 
Samuel Bucknam Edmund Mountfort 

John Smith Benj Walker 

John Walker Corn* Waldo for 

Thomas Westbrook Esq'' & Samuel Waldo 
Peres Bradford 



Petition of Heirs ^c. of Ancient Proprietors, i^c. of Falmouth. 

To His Excellency William Burnett Esq"^ Cap^ General 
and Governour in Cheif in & over his Majesties Province of 
the Massachusetts bay in New England, And the Hon^'*^ the 
Council & Representatives in General Court Assembled 
August 14, 1728 

The Petition of the Subscribers the heirs or Assignes of 
the Ancient Proprietors of the town of Falmouth in Casco 
bay, for Ourselves, and at the Desire, and in behalf of tlie 
other Proprietors of said town 

Most Humbly Sheweth That Whereas the Hon""" The 
Governour & Company of the late Colony of the Massachu- 
setts Bay Proprietors of the Province of Maine Appointed & 
specially impowered their Committee to Regulate & bring 
forward the Settlements of the Eastern part of Country, as 
may Appear of Record, And Whereas The Hon'''*' Thomas 
Danforth Esq^ Commissioner «& President of said Province, 



424 DOCUMENTAHY HISTORY 

by power and Authority derived from tlie Hon^^*' The Gov- 
ernour & Company of the said late Colony of the Massachu- 
setts bay on the twenty sixth Day of July One thousand six 
hundred & Eighty four, did give Grant Convey & Confirm 
The T.ands in Falmouth Townsliip unto Cap* Edward Tyng, 
Cap* Silvanus Davise M"" Walter Gendall, jVP Thaddeus 
Clark, Cap* Anthony Brackett, M'^ Dominions Jordan, M' 
George Brimhall, & M'' Robert Lawrence their heirs and 
Assignes forever as trustees, for & in behalf of the inhab- 
itants of Falmouth as Appears of Record, And the said 
Trustees or Committee of said Town by Vertue of the power 
and Authority so delegated to them did proceed to lay out 
many lotts of land, & Gave Granted & Confirmed the Same 
to sundry Persons, who builded tliereon & made improve- 
ment of until the late terrible Indian War, when the town 
was almost destroyed entierely, they haveing taken the Fort 
& laid most of the houses in Ashes, and what was As fatal 
to the true Interest of your Petitioners the town book was 
then destroyed for it Cannot since be found. So that it is A 
difficult matter to find out the whole number that were 
admitted Settlers & Proprietors by the Trustees aforenamed 
Your Petitioners would further humbly Sett forth that they 
have at Sundry times made Application to this Great & 
Honourable Court Viz* in the year 1715, 1717 & 1718 for 
their protection & authority in bringing forward An Honest 
& Regular Settlement, that in the year 1715 the Court was 
pleased to Appoint the Hon^'** Coll" Wheelwright & others A 
Committee to prosecute the Reguler Settlement of the East- 
ern frontiers, That upon the Petitioners Renewed Application 
in the Year 1718 the Court were pleased to Revive the 
said Committee & fill up the Vacancy of those that were 
deceased, the said Committee on the 11*'' of November 1718, 
reported that it was Absolutely Necessary that we Should be 
vested with the poAver of A town by the Mets & bounds 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 425 

therein Sett forth & described in order for the Establishing 
A Methodical proceeding in a fair & reguler Settlement of 
the said town, which Report was Accepted & (Confirmed, And 
it was then further Ordered that the Inhabitants of said 
town, for the time being Should have power to Act in all 
town Affairs but with a Proviso so as not to prejudice or 
infringe on any Just right or title that any persons have to 
lands there, & that fifty familys att least more than now are 
be Admitted as Soon as may be & Settled in a reguler and 
Defensible manner as by the said Report and order thereon 
herewith humbly exhibited more fully & perticulerly Appears, 
Now Your Petitioners would with all humility Remonstrate 
their Lamentable, and deplorable Case, to Your Excellency 
& this Great and Hon'''® Court, and doubt not but you will of 
your Consummate Wisdom and wonted Goodness find out 
Some way to Save our Rights and Estates, which we hold by 
force & Vertue of our ( former ) & honest purchases of the 
Assignes of Sir Fardinando Gorges And the Grant of the 
Hon'''® Thomas Danforth Esq"^ Aforementioned, President of 
the Province of Maine, by Order & Authority of the late 
Colony of the Massachusetts who purchased that Province 
of the Assignes of Sir Fardinando Gorges; Since the late 
peace So happily Established with the Eastern Indians there 
are Numbers of people from almost all parts of the Province 
and many others from beyond Sea, have rolled in on your 
Petitioners Estates, like a flood, and under pretence of the 
authority of the vote of Court of the IP'' of November 1718 
aforesaid for admitting fifty familys att least to Settle in the 
said town, which your Petitioners Humbly Conceive must 
undeniably be done by their Consent only who were & are 
the true proprietors of said town. And they have without 
the least Consent or Approbation of your Suppliants the 
Proprietors in a most unjust and disorderly manner Sett 
down on and possessed themselves of tluMr known Estates 



426 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and Settlements which have been defended att the Expence 
of the lives and blood of many of your Petitioners Ancestors 
and predecessors, and tliey are dayly in the practice of these 
their unjust proceedings, for they now set themselves up not 
only as town Inliabitants but even proprietors of the lands, & 
admit such persons as they See Cause into town, & Also 
allow Others that are Neither Proprietors nor Inhabitants to 
Vote in thier Meetings for Town Officers ( &c ) And by these 
means get their Votes And Obtaine thier Ends And then 
Grant away Such Parcells of your Petitioners Lands And 
known rights, and Ancient Settlements as they see Cause ; 
Also without any Reservations or Proviso's Altho' the Same 
was Specially pointed att and so wisely guarded and pre- 
served to us by the Vote of November 11"' 1718 Aforesaid, 
passd by this Court, Wherefore Your Petitioners take leave 
to make known this their Sad & unfortunate Case to Your 
Excellency and Honours, And Pray you would of your 
wonted Goodness, Clemency & Justice interpose your author- 
ity in Preserving our Estates to us, and order that M'' 
Danforths Deed may be deemed Good to the Trustees, there- 
in named for the Use Specified and to those that hold under 
them, or that you would Revive the said Committee Viz* 
The Hon^^^ Coll" Wheelwright and others, or Raise another 
with power to do what may be thought Equal and Just, as 
to the bringing forward A fair & honest Settlement in said 
town, as it was your pleasure in the Case at North Yarmouth 
our next neighbouring town, whose Case would have been as 
miserable as ours, had it not been for the happy Effects, of 
the power and Prudence of that Committee, which is 
Acknowledged by the proprietors And those that knows the 
Case of that town, and that you would over rule the orders 
& acts of ( those ) people who pretend to Act in town Affairs 
Choosing Select men, Creatures of their own who will in a 
little time if not prevented Grant away the whole township. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



427 



Your Petitioners need not put you in mind of your Exercis- 
ing your Paternal Autlioiity in Sucli Extraordinary Cases, of 
Superceeding town Votes, as of the town of Sherbourn, 
Haverhill &c. On the whole your Petitioners Pray and 
Earnestly Intreat they may find a Speedy Ileleif & Redress 
in the premises from the authority of tliis Great and General 
Court, nothing less then which will Save us from Ruin and 
Destruction, And your Petitioners as hi duty bound Shall 
ever pray &,c 

John Tyler 
Saml Sewall 



Thomas Westbrook 
William Cooper 
Jon? Sewall 
Jos. Calef 



In behalfe of the heirs of Micaell 
Mitten And Anthony Brackett 



Edw'i Tyng 

Will'" Thomas 

John Robrson 

Joseph Otis 

Samuel Buckm 

Joseph Maylem 

Eliner Pvllen 

Sam' Pousland 

Thomas Fayrweather= 

= in behalfe of M' Sam' Waldo 

Grace Marshall for y*' heirs of George Brimhall 

Dom? Jordan 

Jn* Robinson John Sawyer 

Jeremiali Jordan Benj : York 

Nat"'' Jordan Sam" Bucknam 

Rob^ Jordan Benj : Skilliu 

Thorn? Jordan 

John Jordan 



House of Representatives August IG*^'' 1728/ 

Read and Ordered That the furtlier (consideration of this 

petition be referred to the next Session of tlie Court and 

that tlie petitioners Serve the Selec^t Men of tlie said Town 

of Falmouth with a copy of the petition twenty days before 



428 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Second Friday of the said Session that they then shew 
Cause why tlie prayer thereof should not be granted 

Sent up for Concurrence 

W" Dudley Sp' 
In Council Aug. 16. 1728. 

Read & Concurd J Willard Seciy 

Consented to, 

W Burnet 
In Council April 18, 1729: 

Ordered that this Petition & the tprmer Order thereon 
be revived, And that the Adverse Party give in their Answer 
on the first Tuesday in June next. The Petitioners season- 
aljly to notify them of this Order. 

Sent down for Concurrence 

J Willard Secry 
In the House of Representatives, April 18"' 1729 
Read & Concur'd 

W" Dudley Sp': 
Consented to, 

W Burnet 



Qo'py of a Letter from Mt Ralph Gulston the Contractor for 
New England Masts. Bated the 2'^ of October 1728. 

Sometime ago I laid before you, that by reason of the great 
Waste of late Years made of white Pine Trees, in the Prov- 
ince of Newhampshire in New England ( from whence the 
Royall Navy was formerly Supplyed with Masts ) I found it 
impracticable now to get them there, which obliged me to 
Send a Number of Men, Cattle & Materialls, further along 
the Coast to the Eastward to a place called Casco Bay, but 
my Agent there and likewise the Capt. of my Mast Ship who 
lately came from thence, informs me, that for want of a Fort 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 429 

to protect the Men they are very much exposed to the Indians, 
who have already once annoyed them, so that they were 
forced to retire and Qiiitt their Work, and they further add, 
that unless a Fort is built there, the Ships may in Case of 
Warr be taken out of the very Harbour of Casco, and if the 
War should be with France, as they possess all that part of 
the Country in the River Canada, which lays on the back of 
the Continent of Casco, and not very farr distant, it is to be 
presumed, that they would not only encourage, but join with 
the Indians on their Side, who are Numerous, as they for- 
merly have done to molest and destroy the Inhabitants at 
Casco, as much as possibly they could ; the apprehension and 
fear of which is chiefly the Occasion of that part of the Coun- 
try being so thin peopled, whereas the Security of a Fort 
would draw and Encourage the Inhabitants to go and Settle 
there, and be a Means of Enabling them to .Secure and 
defend themselves in their said Settlements which in former 
times they have been forced to abandon, and as to the charge 
of such a Fort as will be requisite, My agent says it will not 
exceed Five hundred pounds Sterling besides the Guns, and 
as in Case of a War either here, in Europe, or with the 
Indians in New England, the supply of the Navy for Masts 
may depend thereon. I thought it my Duty to lay the 

Affair before you 

I am &C?' 

Ralph Gulston, 
A Copy 

Thos : Pearse 

E : New Hampshire 

Order in Council dated the 5. Inst, referring to y'l Board 
a Lre from y'{ Admty. onefrorii the Navy J* another from 
31^. Gulsfon in relation to y'' Destruction of White Pines 
in New llampsldre tf to y'^ building a Fort at Casco Bay 

liec". Nov": 9. Read Nov\ 26 : 1728 



430 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Capt. John Gyles to Gov. W'V Burnett, Nov. 2, 1728 

May it Pleas your Excellency 
this Day M° Casteen Gave me a Vicett, & says he Came 
Diractly from Menos town, w*'' a Messeg from the Jesiiitts 
to the Indians Concerning a Jesiiitt not being a Louecl to 
Carre on his service at Wanopolos Rial, and he thought it 
his Duty to a quaint the Chieffs of Panobcut w*'^ such a 
Weighty affear &c that they Might a quaint your Exellency 
w*'' it, 

In my humble opinion it is a Jesuitt* Contrivance to move y* 
Indians in that affear, but it being such a Distance from this 
place, they ar not much Concernd at Present Not but y* y*" 
Jesuitts & will make y® Indians Vnasy if they Can on this 
Affear at Wenopolos. 

I Desiard of M° Casteen whether s** Jesuitt Did offer to Cary 
on his Service in or near y^ Garricon he s** Just by y® fort, I 
tould him if any Jesuitt should Presume to Carry on his 
Service in this Garricon I Commanded, they might Depend 
that I should also forbid him &c the Indians s"^ they believed 
it, they Could not Say to y® Contrary. 
S* Georges fort 
No''' 2°'^ 1728 

I am your Excellencys Most Dutyfull Servant 

John Gyles 
M'' Sam" Wain Wright the Truckmaster Gives his Duty to 
your Excellency. 

Letter Sam} Wainwright to Gov. Burnett 

St Georges No^ 18*»> 1728 
May it Please Yo' Excellency 

S' / This I hope will wait on Your Excellency in Safety 
and in Good Health, and Serves only to Pay my Duty to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 431 

Your Excellency in the first Place and to pray your favour, 
that I may make a vissitt to the Westward to See my ifamily 
and the rest of my ffriends, when Your Excellency thinks 
most convenient. As to the Affairs relating to the Indians 
Cap** Gyles Informs me he has Acquainted Your Excellency 
therewith, soe that I have nothing of my own to Acquaint 
off, only this to Begg Leave to Tell Yo'' Excellency ]\Iy 
Opinion, That the Peace concluded on with the Indians 
seem's to look with a good Prospect. I conclude with heart- 
ily begging Yo'' Excellency's Pardon for the Trouble of this 
Letter, and with this Assurance to Yo'' Excellency that I 
shall, as I have been alwayes ffaithfull in my Duty to Yo"" 
Excellency and y'' discharge of the Trust reposed in me - 1 
am 

Yo"^ Excellencys Most Humble and Most Obedient Serv* 

Saml Wainwright 

Colonel Dummer to David Dunhar Esq^P 

Boston N: England March 20^" 1Y29 
Dear Sir 

Since my Last to you of y? 14'^ of Jan'"'^ I have been to 
the Eastward as far as Kennebeck River w'^'' is about 150 
Miles from this Town; in my way I went thro' the greatest 
part of the Massachusetts Gover""^ on tliis side the River 
Merrimack, and from thence cross'd over into New Hamp- 
shire as far as Piscatac^ua River, w*^'' is divided at y*' Top into 
5 Large Branches all w*"" I went round and then rid thro all 
y* woods in the Townships of Exeter, Nottingham, Chester 
and Dover,, and from thence cross'd over the great Salmon 
Falls w*^'' divides New Hampshire from y" Province of Maine 
on y? other side I entered the Townsliip of Berwick in y*" 
County of York, and Rid all thro' y* woods to Cascoe Bay, 
and from thence to Kennebeck in the whole I travcll'd al)ove 



432 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

800 Miles the most part of it up to the Horses Belly in Snow. 
M^ Haley has given you an Acco* by the Last Ship in my 
absence that M^ Slade and I had Seiz'd 200 Large Trees in 
New Hampshire, w'='' I since Libell'd and they were Con- 
demned ( no body appearing to claim them ) for the Kings 
use : they were at that time so cover'd with Snow y! we 
cou'd not examine them, but Since y* we have ; and there 
was 60 of them very fine and sound from 26 to 33 inches 
Diameter ; but while I was down at Cascoe the Country fel- 
lows cut 40 of them into Loggs and carry'd them away, this 
provok'd me so much that I went again to all their Saw Mills 
w^? are above a hundred in Number, where, and in the Woods 
adjacent I seiz'd 1300 Loggs Some of which are 40 Inches 
Diameter, and 280 fine white Pines w*^'' are not as yet cut 
into Loggs ; I left M^ Slade at Piscataqua to Libell them, 
and they were to be tryed yesterday, but I have had no ace' 
of y? Success as yett. the greatest Difficulty y* I apprehend 
we shall meet with will be in y® Province of Maine, where 
the people are ( by y" instigation of one M^ Elisha Cook of 
y® Town who has a large interest there ) of opinion that the 
King has no Right in y! Province ; however, I have seiz'd 
94 Loggs in the Township of Berwick w*'^ will be enough to 
try the Title and then I shall be better able to tell you what 
we may expect to do there, it would grieve you to see what 
Distruction has been made in the Woods, there is Scarse a 
Tree Standing anywhere within 6 or 7 miles, of the waterside 
between this and Kennebeck that is worth hailing to the 
Bank ; Coll? Westbrook who is Agent here for the Contractor 
is forced to go 9 or 10 miles into the Woods for Masts, for 
the carriage of which he is at a great Expence every year, in 
Cutting Stay Roads thro' the Woods to the water side, he 
has got very near as many Trees fit for Masts Yards and 
Bow Sprits, as will load 2 Ships, but they not being as yet 
Squared he cant tell what Dimentions some of them will be 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 433 

of. I have hired a Man to look after 20 very fine Trees y* 
are Left of those y' were condemn'd w'^^ I beg to know your 
orders about ; in my opinion the Contractor should be Obliged 
to take them from y? King at a reasonable price, otherways 
it will not answer the Expence of trymg them ; for by Order 
of the Court of Admiralty here some of the Refuse of these 
that were condemn'd were put up to publick Sale in order to 
pay y^ fees of the Court, but no Body wou'd bid one farthing 
for them, So that as yet I am at the whole expence of the 
Tryall out of my own Pockett. There is a great deal of fine 
white Oake in this Country, and some very good Ash, but 
without the government think proper to make some further 
provision for the preservation of it, we shall not be able to 
prevent its being distroyed, I hope what we have done this 
Whiter will be approved of at home I am very sure we have 
prevented the cutting down Sev" Thousand pounds worth of 
Trees more than would pay our Sallaryes w*'? will never bear 
y? charges of any Body in y? Ofiice, that will do his Duty. 
I have been forced to draw upon you for fifty pounds Sterl 
w*'^ I must intreat you to advance for me, I shall go with 
M^ Haley, Hamilton and Oldershaw, in the very first Vessel 
for Annapolis in obedience to our Instructions and will leave 
I\K Slade here to look after the Woods ui these parts, but it 
will l)e near 2 Months before any Vessel goes that way, with- 
out we Hire one on purpose, and the pco})le here ask us 
2 OCX this Currency to Se?? us down there. I have no more 
to add but to beg of you to represent this where 'tis most 
proper; and be assur'd y* nothing shall be wanting on our 
parts to fuUfill y" tiust re^joscd in us. T have shew'd the 
directions for raising Hemj), and making Pitch and Tarr, to 
a great many of the People here, but whilst they can cut the 
]*ine Trees, and Steal tliem away, w"'' I hope we shall in a 
gi'cat measure prev(;iit by pioper care next Winter, tliey 
think it less labour to Logg, tliaii do anything else. So that 

29 



434 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

as yet they dont seem inclined to make j* Least Step that 
way, but laugh at us for proposeing it to them, however, I 
design as soon as y* Governour calls the Assembly together 
to give in a Memorial to pass an Act upon that head, I shall 
sett out tomorrow morning for the Narraganset Country 
where I am told there is some very fine Timber, of w''.^ you 
shall have an Ace! pr next Ship M! Slade and I have 
Mark'd upwards of a Thousand Trees with the broad arrow 
in New Hampshire, and the Province of Maine, all upwards 
of 24 Inches Diameter, but sevl' of them grow 16 : 18 : or 20 
miles from the heads of Rivers 

I am Dear Sir Your most affectionate and 

obed* humble Serv! Jer : Dummer 

P. S. There is one Reason in my opinion Sufficient for lay- 
ing a Restriction upon cutting of white Oak, and ash, which 
is, that sevl' of the Merchants in this Country send great 
Quantityes of them every year to Spaine ; as they likewise 
do small Masts under 24 Inches Diameter, w*'.^ I tliink care 
shou'd be taken to prevent, and our Instructions dont 
empower us to Seize them w"^.^ I hope is only an Omission in 
them. 

Directed to David Dunbar. 



Copy of a Grant from y^ Courioil of Plymouth to John Beau- 
champ and Thos. Leverett of a piece of Land in New Eng- 
land to the North and North East of Penobscot River 
containing tenri Leagues square paying only a 
fifth part of all Grold and Silver oar found therein 
Reed. wH' Co^^ Dunbar s ir of 9 : Octo": 1729 

To All to whom these Presents shall come greeting 
Know Ye that the Councell established at Plimouth in the 
County of Devon for the planting ruling ordering and gov- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 435 

emiiig of New Eugiand iu America for divers good Causes 
& Considerations them thereunto especially moving Have 
given granted bargained sold enfeoffed allotted &> set over 
and by these presents do duely and absolutely give grant 
bargahi sell alien enfeoffe allott assigne and Confirm unto 
John Beauehampe of London Gentleman and Thomas Lever- 
ett of Boston in the County of Lincolne Gentle? their Heirs 
associates & assignes all & singular those Lands Tenements 
& hereditaments whatsoever with the appurtenances thereof 
in New Engl'} aforesaid which are situate lying & being 
within or between a place there commonly called or known 
l)y the Name of Muscongus toward the south or south west & 
a streight Line extending from thence directly Ten Leagues 
up into the main Land and Continent thence towards the 
great Sea commonly called the south sea & the uttmost 
Limitts of the space of Ten Leagues on the north East of a 
River in New Engl*? aforesaid Commonly called Penobscott 
towards the north & north East & the Great Sea commonly 
called the Western Ocean towards the East and a streight 
and direct Line extending from the most western part and 
point of the said streight Luie which extends from Muscongus 
aforesaid towards the south Sea to the uttermost Northern 
Lunitts of the said ten Leagues on the north side of the said 
River of Penobscott towards the west and all Lands Grounds 
soiles Rivers Waters fishings hereditaments profitts Commod- 
ities priviledges franchises and emoluments whatsoever 
scituate lying &, being arising hapening or renewing or which 
shall arise happen or renue within the Limitts & bounds 
aforesaid or any of them together with all Islands that lie and 
be within the space of three miles of the said Lands & 
premises or any of them To have & to hold all and singular 
the said Lands Tenements & hereditaments & premises 
whatsoever with the appurtenances & every part & parcel 
thereof unto the said Jolin Beauehampe and Thomas Leverett 



436 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

tlieir heirs Associates & assignes for ever to their only proper 
& absolute use & behoof of the said John Beauchampe & 
Thomas Leverett their heirs Associates & Assigns for ever 
more To be holden of the Kings most excellent Majesty his 
heirs & Successors as of his Mannor of East Greenwich by 
ffealtie only and not in Capite nor by Knight^ Service Yeild- 
ing and Paying unto his Maj*^?^ heirs & Successors the fifth 
part of all such oar of Gold and Silver as shall be gotten & 
obtained in or upon the premises or any part thereof In Wit- 
ness whereof the said Councell established at Plimouth in 
the County of Devon for the planting ruling ordering and 
Governing of New Engh' in America have hereunto put their 
Common seal the thirteenth day of March m the fifth Year 
of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord Charles by the grace of 
God King of Engl? Scotland France and Ireland Defender of 
the Faith &c Anno Domini 1629. 



Thomas Coram. Usq^? to the Lords Commissioners for Trade 
and Plantations. 

May it please your Lordships 

Pursuant to your late Comands Concerning That 
Large Tract of Country laying Wast and uninhabited Between 
the Province of Maine in New England, and Nova Scotia 
Bounded by the River Kenebeck and the River S* Croix 
Which said Tract of Country was given up without Resist- 
ance, by the New Englanders of the Massachusets Bay, In 
the Reign of K. William, Anno 1696, To the French who 
annexed it to their Government of Nova Scotia, and it remaind 
to them at the Treaty of Riswick and many 3'ears after the 
Peace Concluded there, In which Time the Jesuits of Canada 
built a great Church at Noridgwok near the River Kenebek 
as a Standing Proof of the French Right and Possession of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 437 

the said Tract of Country Which was Anno 1710 taken by 
Conquest with Nova Scotia at the Crowns Expence with 
British Forces sent from England under Genl' Nicholson for 
that Purpose ; By her late Majesty Queen Anne, To Wliome 
the said Tract of Country togetlier with Nova Scotia was 
Surrenderd by Articles by Monsieur Subrecass, the French 
Kings Governor there, as may fully appear as well by the 
said Articles as by tlie said French Governors Commission 
and the same Avas Confirmed to the Crowne of Great Britain 
by the Peace of Eutrecht. 

As your Lordships were pleased to Require my opinion In 
what part would be most proper to begin to make Settlem^^ 
in Case the King should think fitt to Settle Inhabitants on 
the North East side of tlie River Penobscot towards Nova 
Scotia and to leave that part of the said Tract on the south 
west side of the said river Penobscot, Towards New England 
to be Settled hereafter, or for some other purpose ; I must 
liere beg leave to say again as I have heretofore to your 
Lordships on like occation, That I humbly conceive If any 
part of the said Trust should be Sufferd to go under the 
Government of the Massachusets, It would Infalabley be the 
Destruction of the whole thereof, by the provoked Native 
Indians there ( let whosoever Settle on any other part of 
it ) they having in time past received so many Injurious 
provakations by the Base & fraudelent practices of the Mas- 
sachusets in making them drunk, then enticing them to Exe- 
cute Deeds of Conveyance for large Quantities of their Land, 
when they knew not the meaning of those Deeds, and other 
base practices which has already been the Cause of Long 
warrs, and of sheding the Blood of Many of His Majesties 
Subjects, and those Insenced Indians will never whilst any 
of tlieir Blood remain be Truely reconciled to the Massachu- 
sets, or any Els who shall Settle on the said Tract whilst 
they liave any pretensions to it or any part thereof. 



438 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

But if His Majesty will never the Less have Settlements 
began on the North East side of the River Penobscot I hum- 
bly Conceive the Nearer that River and the Bay befor it the 
Better on many ace"*, More Especially for that Penobscot 
Bay will between the River & the Sea, hold a good fleet of 
Ships Comodeously, and I conceive it highly Necessary That 
the said Tract of Country ( which is very valuable ) should 
be Settled, planted and Peopled under His Majesties Govern- 
ment, The same having laid Derelect a long Time by Default 
of the New Englanders, Who after having given it up as 
aforesaid, They absolutely neglected and Refused to be at 
any Expence for regaining or resettling thereof altho pressd 
to it very Strenously by the Governours, The Lord Bellemont 
and Coll Dudley in the Reigns of King William and Queen 
Anne, by their said Majesties Orders. 

Wherefore it is not Improbable but that the French King 
may Claime it as his Right, and soon take Possession thereof 
as belonging to France, with as good pretence as he did the 
Hand of Lucia a few years past when he Dispossessed His 
Grace the D of Montegua of it, Which in Truth belongd to 
the Crowne of Great Britain as fully & amply as 1 humbly 
Conceive, To all intents & purposes, as the fore said Tract 
of Country now laying Wast & uninhabited. 

Moreover it would be vastly advantageous to the French 
to do so. For that tho the River Penobscot has one or more 
falls in it, it is Navigable for the Indian Cano? a vast way up 
into the Country and within forty miles of the River Canada 
at their Cheife City Quebeck, from whence they may easily 
have Communication with France 'at all Times of the Year 
by the Atlantick Osean at & near Penobscot in Case they 
take Possession of the said Tract of Country, and might 
thereby have Supplys from France all the year round Whereas 
they cannot have it now but by the River Canada a little in 
the latter part of the Summer not 1/4 part of the year, That 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 439 

River being Frozen up all their Long Winters, and the Great 
Freshes from out of the Great Lakes runing very Strongly 
downe in the Spring & all the fore part of the Somer renders 
tlie Navigation thereof Impracticable for Shiping. Wherefore 
it would be Greatly for the French Intrest to have possession 
of the said uninhabited Tract of Country. All which is most 
humbly Submited to yo! Lordships b}* 

jNIy Lords Your Lordships Most Obedient & most 
humble Serv! Thomas Coram 

London 28*?' Novem^"- 1729 
To the R^ Hon**.'^ The Lords Com''? for Trade & Plantations. 



Petition of Robert Boyes and David Cargill. 

To the Honourable Colon : Dunbar EsqT 

The Humble Petition of Rob* Buoyes and David Cargill 
In Behalf of one hundred and fivety families whereof 
your Hon'"? Petitioners when you were in England were a 
part 
May it please y^ Honour that whereas y' Honours Peti- 
tioners have Design upon your Hon*"? Encouragement to go 
and settle at that place Comonly called Penmaquid and 
their being such a number of us we Pray that the Lands from 
the old part of Penmaquid Extending three miles Westwards 
and four miles Eastwards and so Equivalent to that Extend- 
ing Backwards into the Countrey with the Islands adjacent 
to It and y^ Honours Petitioners will Settle it as soon as it 
Can be laid out and y^ Petitioners as in Duty Bound Shall 
Ever Pray &c 

Robert Boyes 
D. Cargill 
Boston 8'^.' 1«* 1729. 



440 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Colonel Dunbar to the Lords Commissioners for Trade and 

Plantation 

Boston, New England Oct": 9'" 1729. 
My Lords, 

I Lauded here the 23^ of Last Month, smce 
which a great many hundred men of those who came hitely 
from Ireland as well as some English & Irish familys many 
Years settled here, & likewise many Natives of this Country 
who are uneasy under this form of Government, applyed to 
me that they might Settle to the Eastward of Kennebeck 
River, haveing heard from England that a New province 
was Erected between the Rivers of Kennebeck & S^ Croix 
by the name of Georgia & under my Government, and as the 
greatest part of those who lately came from Ireland had 
removed themselves to Pensilvania upon ihe ill treatment 
they received here, where a very Numerous Mobb threatend 
and insulted them as foreigners, I have presumed upon your 
Lordships Report to the Lords of the Council in favour of 
this New Settlement to promise all those people that they 
should have grants of Lands from 50 to a hundred Acres pr 
head in Each family, paying one penny sterl''' pr acre quit rent 
to his Majesty after 10 Years, subject to one penny more when- 
ever his Maj*y should demand it to defray the expence of the 
Governm* this gave such general Satisfaction that I have 
been exceedingly pressed to begin the settlement without 
loss of time, so that I goe hence by sea in 4 or 5 days with 
about 250 Men, w*!^ their own armes, in behalf of themselves 
and many other familys who will follow in the sprmg to 
make a beginning at a place called pemequid ; as soon as they 
have got a Covering they intend to clear land, make staves of 
all sizes & cutt timber for small Vessels, all these they can 
do in the frost & Snow, and as soon as the spring opens, they 
will open grownd & putt in garden seeds, grain & a little 
hemp each ; the soil has formerly been tryed & is very good, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 441 

SO that I hope within 18 months to send samples of hemp for 
the Navy and to give a good account of the other produce of 
the lands ; I intend to call the first town S! Georges and 
doubt not it will in some Measure deserve that Name I am 
told there are 5 fathoms depth of water close to the Bank at 
this intended Situation, vv*^? will encourage trade and ship 
building : 

Several people have been with me claiming large tracts of 
land in this province by virtue of Antient grants from King 
James & K. Charles the fiivst, and from the Council of Ply- 
moutli, and some Indian titles among them Doct^ Cook at 
the head of a Company of Gentlemen & Merchants who call 
themselves the Muscongos Company, the name of a river a 
little to the Eastward of pemac^uid, these GentP shew a grant 
from the Council of plymouth for thirty Miles square dated 
in 1629, tho never improved, they had since another grant 
under the late Duke of York (since K. James y® 2'*) but 
they would not claim under it because it was a reservation of 
one penny g acre chief rent, least the arrears should be 
demanded ; I told them that y^ title to those lands had been 
often changed since their first grant & that it was now abso- 
lutely in the Crowne, but that his Majesty intended it should 
be given to such of his good Subjects as would go upon y'^ 
immediate Settlement & improvement thereof upon y® same 
Considerations as before mentioned, w^P they positively 
refuse to accept or to allow any consideration or acknowl- 
edgement to the King tho ever so small ; Doctor Cook sayd 
they were in possession and would see who w^ dispute it, for 
his part he would as soon go to law with the King as any 
private man, his character is so well known at the Council 
Board, & Board of Trade, that I need not dwell upon it but 
can't omit saying that he is here at the Head of the Obstinate 
faction who oppose all the Kings Measures, and was lately 
the instrument of piocureing their Memorable act against 
dwelling to putt all upon a level, so that a man is lyable to 



442 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

comon affronts to wear a sword or to be distinquished like a 
Gentleman, for by that Act, to draw a sword upon any pre- 
tence, without reserve, y® punishm* is no less than to be 
drawn in a cart with a rope round ones neck to y^ gallows & 
there to sitt upon it 12 hours tliey have been remarkably 
insolent since this law, & if their Acts are thought worthy of 
consideration at home I should hope this one might be 
returned repealed w^^ resentment, it would Mortify theme 
extreamly and they richly deserve it. 

to the Eastward of Pemaquid a few miles, there is a fine 
Navigable river called shepscott, where two different setts of 
people claime large tracts, one sett are 50 in Number the 
other 32, they have the like old titles, but upon my telling 
them as I did the first Company, they seem very well pleased 
and are resolved to settle 2 towns compact, & to improve 
each of them small tracts contiguous to the towns, some few 
of them are of the stiff neckd generation here, and talk like 
their Oracle D^ Cook. 

It is very probable that from the Doc" party there may go 
orders for application at home in behalf of their claim w*?> 
contains more than halfe a million of acres, it is impossible 
they can say anymore of me than what I Have here owned 
to w*^? I added that any man y\ has made any improvements 
or cleard ground should have such included in their grant 
provided they would goe upon the immediate Settlement. I 
could wish that this famous Doct^ could be stigmatized in 
being particularly excepted from haveing any part or grant. 

there are some small tribes of Indians near these intended 
Settlements, who will expect some presents as those near 
New York, a small Matter \y\^ the good usage I will allways 
give them, will keep them in peace & friendship and this 
with a few guns, small amies & amunition is all the Expence 
I w!* propose to the publique. 

I Have received much Civility since my landing here, but 
it has been I have observed generally from such as are well 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 443 

affected to his Majesty & heartily wish for a thorough reforme 
in this Government by Act of Parliament, I sayd they might 
w*? reason expect it if it could not be done by y^ comon 
course of Law, and I added, for Joke sake, yt I did not doubt 
but a Governour would be sent over in the Spring w^'^ a Com- 
mission for a Kingly Governm* and a Charter of incorpora- 
tion for tliis great towne, with Blanks to name a Mayor 
Aldermen & Recorder in lieu of their boasted Charter, tliis 
gave great pleasure, and one of the Gentlemen saying he 
would give a great deal to see that joyfull day took a guinea 
from me to give me 30 when he should be in that Number 
this may be made a usefall Collony to England if it be 
brought under a good regulation & in my humble Opinion it 
is high time, it is very populous & y? people generally deem 
themselves independent, as is their religion for they hate the 
( Church of England & presbiterians alike, and are a selfish 
dogmatical people ; the town or Citty of New York is not 
near so large as this ; & has a Charter w*)^ a Mayor &c. but 
if his Majesty should be advised to give one to this town I 
should humbly propose y* it be not too- Extensive at first, 
but putt y? people upon their good behaviour to deserve 
further favour in another. 

the Church of England labours under some discouragcn'^? 
here there being no allowance but to one Cleigyman, and 
there are 2 Churclies, but tlie clergy depending on y? Cour- 
tesy of the people w'^?' is very precarious ; tlio tliese 2 
Churches are large they are not well filled, and I am 
informed tliat wlierever churches liave been built, people 
have allways resorted; this Continent may deserve a Bishop 
resideing, his Residence may be in Georgia, where provision 
may be made for liim out of the quit rents & reserved penny 
P acre. I am firmly persuaded y* a good man wlio would 
take pains this way & encourage schools nn'ght in time work 
a reformatiiiii ainojig tliese independents, I could wish that 



444 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Dean Berkeley's Colledge may go on, & that Georgia might 
be thouglit a proper place for it. 

It will be Spring before I can have any answer to this let- 
ter and by that time I shall have a thousand familys settled 
at pemaquid and Shepscott; upon Kennebeck up some 
leagues there is a large forest of fine masts, w*'?* will be part 
of what I am to reserve for his Majesty, My Deputys are out 
upon their duty, in y? Spring I shall send 2 of them to Nova 
Scotia, and to Anapolis and one to Canso to Execute ray 
instructions, by y* time I hope to have the order for y^ 40 
men from Coll? Philips's Regim! sent me to cover y^ Sur- 
veyors in their duty. 

before I conclude I beg leave to offer to Your Lordships 
consideration whether as this New Colony is proposed to be 
planted at little or no expence to the Crown, & to be whol}^ 
governed by the laws of England until they are permitted to 
form a Council & Assembly as in other provinces they may 
not deserve the indulgence of a free trade for their own use 
& consumption for 7 years, this would be noe small encour- 
agement, & dureing my time I will take care such indulgence 
shall not be Abused. 

I am now afraid to be thought too impertinent and tead- 
ious, & in matters y* do not belong to me, if any thing I 
Have sayd may be of use it will be a vast pleasure to me, or 
if any part of it can be induceing to give me discretionary 
power in going on w**^ the New Settlement where particular 
instructions cannot be thought on, my best Endeavours shall 
not be wanting, if I dare promise that the fruits of it shall 
soon appear, particularly in Naval stores to the advantage of 
England. 

I am with great duty, My Lords, Your Lordships Most 

Humble & Obed* Servant, 

David Dunbar 
Lords Com'^? for Trade &c. 

Rec^ & Read Novem^ 20"' 1729. 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 445 

The Claims of Christopher Toppan to Lands in the Eastern 

Country. 

The Cluims of Christopher Toppan to Lands at Mnnsneegs 

Bay — Lying on Munsneegs Great River and Little River, & 

at Sheepscott, and at Damasscotty. 

Att Munsneegs up the River as farr as Consegon, and four 

miles due North from y? main River with the Priviledges of 

both Rivers 

At Sheepscott, all the Great Neck to Conefixit beginning next 

Will'?™ Cole, and so up to Conefixit falls, with five miles in 

length of the Great Neck as high as Wincittico falls and 

thence down the River to the house where dwelt Elizabeth 

Ghent. 

At Damasscotty, on the west side of y? River from the fresh 

falls over to Conefixit River and three Leagues upwards 

above s^ falls and downwards on the River to the house 

where Walter Phillips first dwelt. 

on the East side of the River 500 acres on the fresh falls 
and all the Land thence extending upwards to the head of 
the fresh pond or one branch thereof, and six miles in 
breadth. 

down the River next to one Kimbolt six miles in length, 
and six in breadth. 

Rec^ & Read Novem": 20^^^ 1729. 



America and West Indies. 

.Tohn Gyles to Colonel Diud)ar. 

May it l^leas your honour. 
On y? furst Currant wenogenet y? Chief of y® Penobscot 
trilje & other Princable Indians Gave me a Visett, & daily 



446 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Messuages from y*^ Chief Viliag & a recent Party, & I Reherst 
sum part of your honour's Letter to them, & assured them 
y^ I had itt from your mouth, y* you did not propose to 
Plant further then S^ Georges River at Present, only ye 
timber for Mast &c as far as Pasmaquady which King 
George had mead a Returne for his Vse in all this Continent, 
& I expected if they knew of any Particuler trees to Give me 
an account of them, which they promised to do, and at ye 
Rehersing your Letter & what you say y? Indians Seem to 
Look witli new faces, they being Informed before ( as I Per- 
ceive ) by sum wliitts & others that your Enimies to y? 
Planning these Parts, have Informed ye Indians that your 
honour was com to hinther them of all their Privileges to 
Pasmaquady &c. 

My humble Opinion is y* your honour & others y\ are 
well wishers to ye settling this Continant w*^ a Protistant 
People, will meet with sum opposers, it is a Great work your 
honour has Vndertaken ( but God is all sufficient ) and aff ears 
Look w*? a faier Prospect for Settlements & I shall as I have 
at all times Dun Vse ye Little Influance I have on ye Indians 
to Passifie & Deliver to them ye truthes, & to promote ye 
Planning of those Parts in what I may. 

I am your honours very humble Ser^ 
John Gyles 
S! Georges River No^ 14: 1729 



The Chiefs of the Indians of Penobscot to Col. Dunbar 

St. Georges No!: 14 : 1729 
Great 
Sir we heard your Lettar, it was Red and Inter- 

preted to Vs by Cap^° Gyles & we Like it well & we hear 
you ar Planted at Pemaquid, it was Vnknown to Vs but 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



447 



since you ar Settling ye old Settlements that was formaly we 
Consent to it, and not to Excead ye old boundarys of Pem- 
aqu*? we are well Plesd to hear of your Observing the 
articles of Peace made between Vs & y? Province of ye 
jNIasachussetts Bay. 

Good frind you say you ar Imploid by his 
Maj*y King George, if you Pass S^ Georges River we shall 
be Vnasy we mention this to you Bleiving you are Imploid 
from his Maj*^ & that you will be our frind 

We say no more at Present & what we have 
s*? is from our hearts, & what we concluded on at our Cliief 
Village at Penobscot, and if any Pass S* Georges River to 
Plant we shall not thinke them to be our frinds, 

We salute you Col. Dunbar 
g John Gyles Interpreter 



his 



his 




Epagned 




Mark 



mark 



A ten 



Qhouacli 



^ 




his Mark 



E: We wryjiit to you Coll" Dunbar The New Gen' Man 

att Pemaquid 



448 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

In the House of Representatives Sep' 26"' 1729 
Tlie within Petition Read and Ordered that the same be 
Revived and Referred to the Consideration of the Next ses- 
sion of this Court and that the Petitioners serve the select 
men of said Town of Fahnouth with a Copy thereof thirty 
days before the Second Tuesday of said session that they then 
shew cause why the prayer of the Petition should not be 
granted. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

J Quincy Sp^"^ 
In Council Sept. 26. 1729 
Read & Concur'd 

J Willard Secry 
Consented to. 

W"" Dummer 
In the House of Represent«« July 3, 1730. 

Read and referred for further Consideration to the 
Second Tuesday of the next sitting of this Court. 
Sent up for Concurrence 
J Quincy Sp^'' 



Lieut. Grov. Wentworth to the Lords Commi»sioners for Trade 
and Plantations. 

Portsm« N. England Nov. IS*'' 1729 
May it please your Lordships 

The following is a Coppy of my last w*".'" I hope 
came safe to 3^our hands, This serves to inclose the Minuts 
of Council & General Assembly in our late Governour Bur- 
nett's time to the IS*"" of May 1729. with the Expence of 
Gun powder and the remaining Stores for Fort William & 
Mary at Newcastle the of May 1729, I am still Complaining 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 449 

for want of Stores, our stock being very small, I yet live in 
hopes a good peice with Spain &c will give us Some, I hope 
our Agent M^ Newman will apply himself properly to the 
^Ministry at home. 

I have tlie Hon^ of your Lordships Letters of the 28*'' May 
Signed by M^ Secretary Popple w'^!' advice of the rec" of 
my Several Letters and Papers therein inclosed, shall do 
everything in my power to assist Coll° Dunbar Surveyor of 
his Maj*^ Woods, I have had two Letters from him, tho not 
as yet seen him, he being gone to y** Eastward, and Sett 
down at a place called Pennequid, where we formerly had a 
strong Fortification, but the Country to save Charges gave 
the Command of the Fort to a Scrub fellow, who in the late 
War (ab* the year 1702) had for Some years been Sargent, 
& a French Man of War of 40 gunns Engaging vith s*;' Fort 
took it & Demolished it, and I veil Remember the Reason 
why it was not rebuilt was, The Massachusetts suppos'd it 
belonged to the Crown of Great Brittain. So it was layn 
wast ever since. 

I very well approve of Coll° Dunbar settlmg first at Pen- 
nequid, & Rebuilding that Fort, it may be means of keeping 
the Indians at peace & thereby giving him an Opportunity 
of Settling downward as he sees fitt. This Land Ten Miles 
or more up the river is fine Land & Good Harbour. I hear 
Coll° Dunbar is very Expeditious, and in case the Season 
proves moderate, he will soon be Strong Enough to Defend 
himself from the Lidians, its a very fine Country down as far 
as Mount Desert, on the bay of Funda, and provided the 
Coll" Settle Strong on that Coast, The Indians in a few years 
will be obliged to quitt that Comitry, or come into their Liv- 
ing as the English do, for the Settlements will drive all the 
Hunting far from them, and I don't know but a just Treat- 
ment of them in all our Trade will bring them to be our 
friends. 

30 



450 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

I hope Coll" Dunbar's coming, and alteration of former 
Act, may pritty well answer, in Case the officers do their duty, 
there has been no Complaint as yet, I have by ColP Dunbar's 
desire issued forth Proclamation forbiding all persons going 
into the woods to fell any Pine trees until further orders. 

The officers have been diligent Since their Arrival, & I 
hope things will be founded on a better footing than before, 
& if I should at any time See any mismanagement in respect 
to the woods, if I can't prevent it, I shall alwayes think it 
my Duty to acquaint your Lordships therewith, with my 
most DutifuU Respects I conclude 

May it please your Lordships, your Lordships Most obed* & 
Humb Serv! 

Jno Wentworth. 
Reced Jan^^ 29 '"^ 1729/30: Read June the g*"^ 1731 

Lieutenant Gov^. Dummer to Colonel Dunbar 

& Copy of a Letter dated Deer 3'' 1729 to the 

HonV« David Dunbar Esq"; 
S' 

Having some time Since Shewed you a Clause in His 
Majestys Commission for the Governement of this Province, 
whereof I have at present the Honour to be Commander in 
Chief, wherein the Lands lymg between the Territory of 
Nova Scotia and the Provmce of Main are expresly mentioned 
and Included ; and having then & lately at your own House 
desir'd you to shew me if you had any later Commission or 
authority for the Governm* of that Country from His Maj*y 
that I might duly conform my Self to His Maj*^'^ Pleasure, 
you were pleas'd to assure me that you would in two or three 
Days give me entire Satisfaction therein ; and since you have 
lately had an Interview with the Eastern Indians, and have 
been buildmg the Fort at Pemmaquid, I find my Self obliged 



THE STATE OF MAINE 451 

to remind you thereof, that His Maj^y Service, especially 
relating to the Indians inhabitating there, may meet with no 
Obstruction or Detriment. 

And I am &c. 

( Signed ) Will™ Dummer 

E: N. England. N. Scotia 

Copy of a Letter from Lieu*: Gov^. Dummer to Coll Dun- 
bar. Bat. 3'} December 1729. 
Rec"^ Read 2'^ SeptemZ 1730 

Colonel Dunbar to Gov^ Dummer 

Boston Dec^ 4*!' 1729, 
Sir 

In answer to your letter w^? I had y? Honour to receive 
this Morning I beg leave to acquaint you that when it was 
proposed to his Majesty to settle y? lands you mention, 
between the province of Maine and the Territory of Nova 
Scotia, all y® lands to y® Eastward of the River of Kenne- 
beck were deemed to be Nova Scotia &, were included in 
M^ Philips's Commission as Governour of that Province, & 
was for Many years in the possession of the French King, 
until given up to England upon the peace made, Anno 1712; 
Moreover when his Majesty was pleased to Constitute me 
Surveyor General of the Lands of Nova Scotia (w*'? Comis- 
sion I shewed you ) I desired to be informed at the Board of 
Trade of y? bounds of that Province, and was given to under- 
stand that it extended from Kennebeck River Eastward ; if 
any part of it had been looked upon to belong to this Gov- 
ernm* I should have had no power over it as Surveyor of the 
lands, because there is a Surveyor to every Government. 

I Desire farther to Acquaint You that when his Maj*^^ in 
Council was pleased to referr the Consideration of y? Set- 
tlem! of this new ('ollony to the Lords Commissioners for 



452 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Tnicle and Plantations, their Lordships ( who are not asett of 
broken Merchants as some people have taken the liberty to 
say, but Men of Quallity character & fortune, & members of 
either House of Parliament ) in their Report were pleased to 
say That the Tract of Land extending from the River Ken- 
nebeck to the River S* Croix, should be Separated from the 
Goverment of Nova Scotia, and erected into a New province 
by the name of Georgia, and that a district Government be 
Established there. 

In the Instructions given me and signed with y? Kings 
Own hand & Countersigned by the Lords Commissioners of 
y? Treasury as Surveyor Genl' of the "Woods I was directed 
to Survey and lay aside not less than two hundred thousand 
acres of land bearing Timber in the province of Nova Scotia 
as Contiguous as may be to the Sea Coast or Navigable River 
to be reserved as a Nursery of trees for the use of the Royal 
Navy. And in the Report before mentioned, the Lords 
Commissioners for Trade say that as this new Governmen* is 
near one Moyety of the province of Nova Scotia, I am ( by 
name) to lay out One hundi'ed thousand of the said two 
hundred thousand acres in this New province. 

This Sir, are the express words as I quote them & are 
Sufficient for me that the Masachusets province have no 
jurisdiction beyond, or to the Eastward of Kenebeck, if any, 
their complaint at home against me will be heard, but I can't 
help observing y? motive for demanding my power Viz* that 
I have been rebuilding a Fort at Pemaquid ; that ffort. Sir, 
was destroyed 33 years agoe by the french and Indians, & 
has layn in rubbish ever since, notwithstanding the repeated 
Orders from England to this Government to rebuild it, until 
it was included in Governour Philips's Comission which is 
now devided as before ; it will be thought not a little extraor- 
dinery at Court That any Servant of his Majesty should be 
found fault with for rebuilding the Kings Fortifications by a 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 453 

people who have often disobeyed Orders for see doeing, it 
looks like y^ dog in y? Manger ( I beg pardon for the Com- 
parison ) that would not let the Horse eat hay or eat it him- 
self, I could have wished That y* objection against me liad 
been made by some body else, it would have looked more of 
a peice with disowning the Fortress in this Harbour to belong 
to his Majesty, when in some late proceedings the words = 
His Majestys fort, were left out, and onely called Castle 
William. 

I am in Hopes Matters will suddainly be put upon a New 
footing here, being persuaded that his Majesty thinks it high 
time to exert his Sovereignty where many are so audacious 
as to disown it ( of which I can prove some instances ) & 
make this a happy Collony in despight of them. 

I would have Acquamted with what is herein related by 
word of Mouth, & have shewn you the proper papers, but I 
waited to have it demanded in writeing, that there should be 
no mistake in what Might pass thereupon, & y? rather because 
I heard it was intended by the assembly or House of Repre- 
sentatives of this Province. 

If what I have sayd, be not satisfactory you'l pleas to Sig- 
nyfy any orders to me, which I will obey so far as I can be 
justifyed thereby I am with respect. Sir, 

Your most Humble & most Obedient Servant 

David Dunbar 
E: Boston Dec. 4H' 1729 

Colonel Dunbar to M''. Secretary Popple, 

Boston December y? 10^" 1729 
Sir 

Since ni}' last ab(mt tlie middle of October directed to 

the Lords (Commissioners for Trade & plantations I have 
been thro the provinces of New Hiimpsliiro &i Main and am 
glad to tell their Lordships tliat the publisiiing tJie new Act 



464 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

of Parlimen! seems already to have a good Effect upon the 
Generality of the Loggers, who applyed to me in Numbers 
to know whether they might cutt trees of any dimensions, 
because there is a penajty for all trees of 12 inches diameter 
& under, which includes all without any exception ; but as I 
humbly Conceived it was not so intended, I have ventured 
for this winter to indulge them so far as by the inclosed 
Copy of what I have published, I consulted the Governours 
of this Province & Main & of New Hampshire, who sayd the 
the liberty given hereby was sufficient, & M^ Slade, one of 
my Deputys, who was bred in the Kings Yards, told me that 
his Majesty could not be prejudiced thereby ; the winter is 
yet open and as long as it continues soe there will be no 
working in the Woods, 1 beg Sir, to have y® opinion of my 
Lords Commissioners thereupon, & whether I may continue 
the same from Year to Year. Notwithstanding this, there is 
yet a sett of people who neither regard acts of Parliment or 
any prosecutions upon them, the famous Incendiary Doctor 
Cook, proclaims in the province of Main that the Kmg has 
no right there, he has built Saw Mills in the heart of y^ Mast 
trees one of which will saw eight thousand feet of boards in 
24 hours, he says they are upon his private property, & 
should a tryal be coiiienced against him, the people he 
imploys would be his Jury, however, I am resolved to see 
what they will do in that case. 

the Agent for the Contractor for Masts &c. for the Royal 
Navy has also lately built 4 saw Mills but pretends they are 
upon his private property, w*^'' was a new acquisition on pur- 
pose under his Lycence for cutting trees to supply his Mills ; 
of this I have given a full account to the Lords of the 
Admiralty, as the contract is more immediately under their 
Lordships Cognizance. 

I have been in several parts of the new Province of 
Georgia and have began to settle the people who last year 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 465 

petitioned his Matie from hence for leave to settle to y^ 
Eastward of Kennebeck River, most part of that Country is 
claimed by people of this Province under old grants from the 
Council of Plymouth in 1629 and Indian deeds of later dates, 
some for 30 miles square and for y" consideration of a few 
skins, I told all these claimants that it was judged m Eng- 
land that the property to all those lands, w*^'' are included in 
Nova Scotia, was intirely in the Crowne, and that his Majesty 
being now desireous to have them settled, improved, & made 
useful to England would give them to such of his good sub- 
jects as would goe upon the immediate settlem* thereof, 
reserveing only one penny sterl^ g acre quit rent, many 
seemed thankfully willing to accept the Kings favour, but 
Dr. Cook and others of his turbulent kidny refused to pay 
any the least Acknowledgement to Iris Majesty, of this I 
believe in my former letter I gave an Account & of the 
answer I gave to all, Viz^ That until I should receive farther 
mstructions I would not concern myself with any lands thus 
claimed, and Since there are so many of them that if they 
are allowed, the King will have no more there than here, & 
the Country as hitherto may lye for Ever a wilderness. 

I made choice to plant the people I carried w"' me at Pem- 
aquid about 7 Leagues to the Eastward of Kennebeck River, 
there was formerly a stone fort at that place but destroyed by 
the French before the peace of Reswick, I rais'd a dry stone 
wall upon the old foundation, & built barracks w"' in side for 
200 people, as soon as that was done I hoisted the Union 
fflag under discharge of a few ship guns & 3 vollies of small 
amies, and with all the people drank to his Majesty's health, 
the Entrance into this Harbour is easy and open & very safe 
anchoridge within, it was formerly much fre(]uented by fish- 
ing vessels, but since y^ demolition of y^ ffort, they have not 
gone then; fearing the Indians, whenever it is rebuilt, it will 
be of great advantage to the shipping who trade hither, and 



456 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

instead of being blown from off this Coast in Winters as often 
happens, they can put in there & ley safe until a favourable 
opportunity to put to sea again, when in a little more than 
one day they may reach Boston ; the land contiguous to it is 
good but covered with small Spruce ; some Oak and brick, 
the people are this winter employ'd in clearing the land for 
gardens, pasture & corn. I have ordered a few acres to be 
prepared for hemp which I mtend to putt into the ground in 
Aprill if the seed I now write for arrives in time, there is 
very little of that useful Commodity raised in this Country 
to y® Eternal shame of the Inhabitants, who are the worst at 
improvements of any people in y^ world, even their bread 
corn comes from other provinces, & the pitch and tarr w'^^ 
they export, is first imported from the 2 Carolinas. 

I did intend to have honour'd the first Settlem! with the 
name of S* Georges, but there being a fine River by that 
name 10 leagues to y^ Eastw*? of Pemaquid I have called it 
ffredericksburg, I am afraid it may be thought I have been 
too forward & have gone beyond my power ; here I fomid 
such a spirit and Earnest desire in many people to make the 
settlement, that to have delay'd it would liave baulked it, this 
I humbly hope will plead my Excuse. 

within this New Province are many forests of large white 
pine trees, so that the Royal Navy can never want a supply, 
but even the lands whereon they stand are claimed with all 
trees, woods, and a hundred et cetera's, as I have seen in 
long lawyers deeds, if such are allowed his Majesty has done 
there, it may lye waste for ever, but if one common answer 
is given to all & that the sole property is in the Crowne, I 
dare answer that the Province of Georgia will soon recom- 
mend itselfe to the Royal favour, & rival its Neighbours, in 
y'' Spring a Great Many hmidred familys of substance and 
the best of the fishermen of this Country will go thither if 
not Countermanded, the Scituation was designed by Nature 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 457 

for the fish trade, y^ fish being taken now in great abundance 
near y*^ sliore, and made & cured in better time, is preferable 
at Market to fish brought farther to the shore. 
It gives me great concern to hear by letters from England of 
the S'^ of October that M^ Hinty was not then set out for 
Germany to Conduct y*' Pallatins I hope lie did soon after 
because I would willingly have them before I am to meet the 
Indian Tribes in May or June next, not y* Numbers of peo- 
ple will be wanting, but I am persuaded y? pallatines will be 
very usefull: I Have wrote a very long Miscellany to His 
Grace the Duke of Newcastle w'".^ I believe will in course be 
referred to y^ Board of Trade, in it I have mentioned of 
w! importance the Scituation of Pemaquid was for many 
years thought to be in England, when from the year 1702, 
the rebuilding of it has been strenuously recommended from 
Court, without any regard had by the People of this province 
to Royal letters and instructions relateing thereunto, & so 
far are they" at this time from shame or remorse on that 
account, that they have even now printed an Abstract of all 
their proceedings upon that Subject, and their obstinate 
withstanding fixing the Governours sallary in so many years, 
it has so harden'd them that they are now firmly of Opinion 
that if the Legislature at home could have touched their 
charter, so many letters would not have been sent from 
Court, I send you one of these New books for y** perusal of 
my Lords Commissioners, and after dipping into a few pages 
their Lordships will be much Surprised at a dispute between 
the Governour & me for my rebuilding ( as he calls it ) that 
If ort ; I have sent 2 of his Original letters & Copys of my 
answers to him to my Lord Duke of Newcastle, I intended 
sending Co[)ys to You but am prevented that as well as 
enlargeing my letter (tlio I fear in the latter I am easily 
pardond ) but that the Sarah Gaily, Cap! Irwyn, sails hence 
sooner than I expected, so y* if M^ Dummer writes to the 
Board before their Lordships see my letter to my Lord Duke, 



458 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

I beg the favour not to be judged until his Originals and my 
Answers appear. 

I will not longer trouble you at this time but to desire you 
will please to lay all this before their Lordships with my most 
humble duty, & to beg that in any references to them relate- 
ing to this New Settlement they will thmk a few small amies, 
artillery & Amunition Necessary to y? undertaking in hand. 
I am with respect Your Most Humble & Most Obed^ Servant 

David Dunbar 
P. S. He has not time to send y*^ same account as he did to 
y® D. of Newcastle ab* y? Indians. I intended sending 
the same ace* as in my Lord Dukes Letter of my interview 
with the Indians but for a Surprize in time, y? ship sailing 
sooner than expected, & haveing no help nor hand but my 
own, w?*' puts me to some hardship. 
Sir, 

Since finishing my letter I am informed there has been a 

meeting of Several of the claimants in Georgia and mony 

raised by Subscription to imploy Agents in England to 

Sollicit a Confirmation of their claims, some of them are for 

whole Islands, 10 or 15 miles in length, where chiefly are the 

forests of Masts, in short all the lands that are Valluable are 

claimed by one or another, and now there is an appearance 

of makeing settlements, those people would hinder them, who 

from the beginning never made any themselves. 

D. D. 
Reed Janry 30"' 1729/30 

Read May the 6^}" 1730. 

Colonel Dunbar to the Duke of Newcastle. 

Boston, New England, Dec": 10^}^ 1729. 

My Lord 

Since I has the Honour of writeing last to y'' Grace 
I have been as far as Pemaquid in the New intended 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 459 

province of Georgia having Landed there y*^ 20"' of October 
with about One Hundred men of those who last year sent 
home a petition to his Majesty for leave to settle to the 
Eastward of Kennebeck River, We made Hutts of Spruce 
trees for our lodging : Pemaquid was formerly a Settlement 
and there was a Stone fort built there about 50 yards Square, 
with 2 Bastions, each Commanding or Covering 2 sides, that 
Fort was taken and entirely demolished by the ffrench before 
the Peace in 1697, and the whole Settlement destroyed ; I 
imployed the men with me, to raise a dry stone wall upon 
the old foundation to 9 feet high, and in building Barracks 
Av"' in side, as soone as the Wells were finished I hoisted the 
Union fflag under a discharge of 7 small ship guns w*^.*^ I 
carried with me & 3 Vollies of small amies & we all drank 
to his Majestyes health, I called in at Piscatua in the 
province of New Hampshire, & at Winter Harbour & Casco 
bay in the province of Main in my Voyage, at the latter I 
went on board the New Hampshire Mast ship then ready to 
sail to England for the use of the Royal Navy. So soon as I 
raised the Walls of the old ffort and hoisted the Kings 
Colours I called y^ place Fredericksburg, I would have called 
it St. Georges, but that there is a large navigable River already 
of that name 10 leagues farther East; Pemaquid was form- 
erly a noted place it has a fine harbour & good entrance 
immediately from the Sea, I find since my return hither y' 
frequent orders have been sent from Court, since the year 
1702, to the Government of the Massachusets province to 
reljuild that fort w'^?' some additions, particuhirly in the Year 
1705, wlien on the 24*? of October in y'^ Year the Council 
and Assembly addressed her late Majesty against rebuilding 
it, it has frequently been recommended to tliem since, from 
Court without any regard had thereunto, as may fully appear 
from a book w'-.^ I herewith take the lib(!rty to transmit to 
y'' Grace, tiie design ol' piinting this book at tliis time is 



460 DOCUMENT AEY HISTORY 

expressed in the first page ; and appears to me to keep the 
same spirit in tliis people who do not, for the most part, 
stand in need of such help ; it may be worth persual tho 
hardly to be read with any temper ; there are 100 instances 
of refuseing the recommendation of the Crown to fix a sallary 
on the Governours. 

I was ffollowed to Fredericksburg by two other Vessels 
full of people, and every day y" sight of the Kings Colours 
brought in fishing Sconners & boats, crossing the bay, to see 
w^ was the occasion of it, their joy was very great, many of 
them haveing formerly known the Conveniency of shelter 
there, it being near the fishing places & has not for many 
years been frequented for fear of the Indians ; I had Visits 
from many of them at different times, and on the 12 of 
November about 25 of them came in a body with the chiefs 
of the tribes of Penobscot and Narihwack at their head, they 
sent to acquaint me that they were near & desired to see me, 
upon invitation they came and I received them with much 
Civility. I told them I was come from the King of Engl^ to 
settle some of his Subjects there & to renew settlements 
w'^^ were began 100 years agoe they told me King George 
was welcome & I was welcome. One of their old men asked 
me how little King William did & explained himself, by 
saying King George's little son, when I told he was very 
well, he sayd they were glad of it, for they had heard from 
Canada that King George gave their country to his little son, 
I sayd his Majesty might do so, but it was not declared when 
I left England ; they seemed extreamly well pleased to have 
settlements near them where they may be supplied with 
blankets and provisions in exchange for their furrs w''? they 
often carry to Canada, about 200 miles by land When I 
entertaind them all together ( for there's no distinction but 
in War & Council between the king and any other) some 
were merry, and One of the Sagamores ( w?'' is noble among 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 461 

them ) sayd tbiit the Land about Pemaquid was Lis, & he 
would sell it to me for what I pleased to give him, I told 
him I did not come here to buy Land, no body had aright to 
sell any for it all belongd to the King My IVIaster, & had fen- 
many years, the man seemed satisfyed, laughed & sayd, then 
King George was welcome, he freely gave it to him and 
would lay no other claim to it, but to desire he might have 
the liberty of comeing thither as his Occasions should 
require, I sayd, he and all of them should be free at all times 
to come and goe when they pleased without interruption, 
Wynongonet ( w'''* is the name of the King of the penobscot 
tribe, awell looking man, more like a frenchman than an 
Indian, seemmg grave & reserved, I asked y^ reason of it, he 
answered that it was m great respect to me that he was so, 
and when he was better acquainted, he would be as Merry as 
I pleased, they stayed aweek with me in the day time, but 
retired every Evening to their Camp or Wigwam's made with 
boughs of trees, covered with birch bark, at a small distance 
from the ifort, I always gave them provision with them ; 
When they came to take leave, Wynongonet, told me they 
had dispatched 2 Months before a Messenger to the french 
Governour at Quebeck to know his Opinion of an English 
Settlement among them, they believed he would be against 
it, & would by the Jesuits, stir up the Canada Indians 
against it, but as for himself & the Indians on the Sea Coast, 
they desired to live in peace, and would do so & keep friend- 
ship with the English as long as they were well used, they 
never made War but to resent an affront or revenge ill treat- 
ment, they sayd y* Governour Dummer was a good man but 
he had not power like the Governour of Canada to performe 
what he promised, all tliey desired of me was to suffer tliem 
to follow their hunting & fishing without Molestation, ifc to 
keep truck houses where they might trade witli their furrs 
w*!" out being cheated, and they hoped I would give them some 



462 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

few presents & Commissions as the Gov^ of Cannada does, 1 
promised them y'' liberty as they desired and that nobody 
should be suffered to abuse or wrong any of them, I then 
gave them a few laced Hatts, blankets, pipes, tobacco & a 
little powder & small shot for their hunting, We parted on 
very good terms, they were very thankfull and desired they 
might meet me in their Tribes in May or June next, to come 
to an understanding with each other. 

They are a poor Miserable people in comparison with 
others, havemg no settled habitations, & even their food 
uncertain, their dress is frightfull and upon extraordinary 
Occasions they make themselves hideous with red paint, 
they clean their hands in their hair & make large holes thro 
their Ears in which they put scutts of hares, long feathers & 
long tobacco pipes. 

All the Expence I was at by them was w*?in thirty Seven 
pounds sterl^ which I do not mention with design to ask it, 
a small Matter so bestowed may keep allways quiet, and so 
prevent a large Expence & much trouble. 

During ray stay in Georgia I went up three of the great 
Rivers w*''' are Navigable for large ships 25 Miles into y® 
Country, they are wide and deep but in most places rocky 
shores, the Names of them are Johns River Damarescotty 
River, & Shepscot River, they all lye between Kennebeck 
and ffredricksburg, w"?^ is about 7 leagues in all, so that they 
must be very near one another, the land is neither mountain- 
ous nor level, but in Easy Hills, where a plough may goe, 
all is covered with trees mostly spruce, but there are good 
white pines and large Oaks, nobody y* had care of the Woods 
on this Continent ever was in these parts before me, and 
'tis pitty, for the people from this Province have made it a 
practice for many years to send thither to make cannoos and 
Shingles of the largest Mast trees & staves of Oak fitt for 
ship building, leaving the crooked parts to rott on the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 463 

ground ; as those rivers w*!^ others are wide & loug it will 
be difficult to prevent tliis practice, my best endeavours shall 
not be wanting, but really it will be impossible without a 
small sloop & six men to attend me, I burnt in one of the 
Rivers above 60 Cannoos made this Summer out of trees fitt 
for large Masts, & a parcel of shingles, I just in time pre- 
vented a tree of 39 inches, w^^ y? bark, in diameter, and a 
proportionable length, from being Cutt by a Shingle maker, 
& have left two Deputations in those parts to guard y^ woods 
this winter : I Have accounts of fine forests of Masts in that 
province, on y® East side up Kenuebeck River, besides many 
w?'^ I saw myself, so that His Majestys Royal Navy can 
nevfer be in danger of wanting Masts yards & bowspritts, tho 
in my humble Opmion as all the land, at least one hundred 
thousand acres best wooded & nearest navigable water, are 
to be reserved as a Nursery for the Royal Navy in this 
new province, the Masts there should be preserved until new 
Hampshire & province of Main are exhausted, which w*^!^ care 
ma}^ yet sujjply England for several years, altho vast destruc- 
tion has been made among the woods, where many Saw Mills 
are Erected to cutt them into plank & boards ; Here it may 
not be improper for me to refer to an Original letter inclosed 
from Coll? Wentworth Leiu* GovF of New Hampshire before 
m}'^ voyage Eastward, my deputys here have told me the 
same before, and when I was at Casco the like was confirmed 
to me Coll? Wentworth is a Gentleman well affected to his 
Majesty, Init being a Native here he may be prejudiced by 
this kind information, should it be knowne. 
Upon my returne hither I took occasion to speak to M^ 
Walove the Agent here for y** Contractor in England with 
the Navy office, upon the subject of those saw Mills, his 
answer was that he built them upon his private property and 
was at liberty as other owners of Mills, I told him this pri- 
vate property was not very new and that it did not look well, 
because he, under the Lycence of cutting trees for the Kings 



464 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

use might abuse that power, he msists upon it as his right to 
use his Mills & I onely sayd I would represent it at home. 

Since I have mentioned this claim of private property I 
beg leave to add to what I sayd in my former letter to your 
Grace of the claims & titles to Lands in Georgia, that soe 
Many of the like Nature were made to me that if they are 
allowed, his Majesty has none there. I have seen some pre- 
tended Indian deeds of different dates wherein 30 miles 
square were sold for 50 skins, «& even several deeds to dif- 
ferent people for the very same tracts of land, & many of 
the Indians say that the people pretending to sell those lands 
had no claim or right to them ; most of these claimants are 
willing & thank full to take new titles or grants from his 
JNIajesty as proposed at One penny stirl? quit rent g acre, and 
would go upon the immediate Settlem* and improvement 
of the Lands, but they desire 3, 4, 500 and some thousand 
acres according to their familys and abilitys, w^^ is more 
than was proposed by the Lords Commissioners for Trade 
and Plantations to be in one Grant, the spirit to make this 
new Settlement is now so strong in these parts that if it be 
not baulked, a more Considerable progress will be made in 
8 or 4 years, than ever was in any Collony in 40 years, 
and I flatter myselfe be more usefull to England than some 
of its neighbouring plantations, the land is extraordinary 
good in many places, and will produce grain as in England. 
I have opened some acres in w*'.^ I intend to putt hemp 
seed in Aprill next if the seed arrives in time w*^^ I now send 
for, and I shall hope to send some of the produce next year 
to the Navy for a sample & tiyal. If the pallatines come soon 
after, they are skilled in dressing it, & are good husbandmen 
and artificers. 

As it was proposed to make this Settlem* without expence 
to his Majesty, everything in my power shall not be wanting, 
but if it be thought expedient at home that the ffortifications 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 465 

should be rebuilt, and that a few pioneers tools be sent me 
from the Ordinance Office & any sum of Mony payd as the 
Lords Commiss'"?of Trade shall appomt, I will husband it to 
y? best advantage, their Lordships will see what Fortifica- 
tions were ordered at & near this place by her late Majesty 
about the year 1705, the Guns w*'? were at Pemaquid when 
taken by the ffrench were carried to S* Johns in y? bay of 
Fundy afterwards to Annapolis, where I am credibly informed, 
24 of them lay last year in the Earth, useless ; at this town of 
Boston are a great number of Cannon, some of them well 
mounted in a fort, entring this Harbour, but close to the 
towne are 34 large iron guns ab* 30 to 34 hundred weight, 
mostly buried in rubbish & useless, tho they are called y** North 
& South Batterys, I mention these to save expence of sending 
from home if his Majesty pleases to order them, and Carriages 
may be made, costing onely workmanship. If those 1 mention 
are ordered with a few smaller from home I will endeavour to 
dispose them to the best advantage, & in expectation of it, I 
have Ordered a great quantity of Lime to be burnt from a 
vast ridge of Oyster shells near y® place and I shall have Oak 
plank ready for the carriages, all w*^.** may be devoted to 
other purposes if what I propose be not approved, w''.'^ I 
most humbly beg to know as soon as May be. I am very 
fearfull, My Lord, that I trespass too farr upon your Graces 
time & patience but as I am at a great distance I hope to be 
pardond for laying before you at Once what Occurs to me 
rclateing to this undertaking, there is one thing w*'.'* I men- 
tion w* reluctancy and this is this new Country being in y^ 
state as Nature left it, wild and unimproved, it will be some 
time before corn and provisions will be plenty, there are 
many able labouring men that will want bread until then if 
not supplyed by some means, it has been proposed to me 
y* if they could he supported that they would repay the 
expence in Hemp the 3'3 4*^!^ & S*-'' year. What I most 

81 



466 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

covet at present is a few Small armes and ammunition, I wish 
I could have some before I meet the Indians in May next, 
that y^ people May appear in Armes, there are none to be 
brought here so that I have not been able to leave about 80 
guns or firelocks among all y? Men. If this Affair does 
recommend itself I have not the assurance to hope for any 
Consideration on my own Account. The Indians all along 
this Continent haveing Jesuit Missionarys among them are 
much influenced by the french Governour at Quebeck. I 
Have been thinking that if a letter was asked from the french 
Court to their GovT at Cananda to corhmand him not to stirr 
up y® Indians agamst the English, it might easyly be obtaind 
& would be of good Consequence to us, and if a Copy was 
sent to me I could convey it thro ye Country to him. 

Since my return to Boston M^ Dummer the present Gov- 
ernour has seemed highly dissatisfyed that I have been to 
make any foundation for a Settlement in Georgia, saying 
that all the lands as far as Nova Scotia is under the Gov- 
ernm* of this province, he asked me if I had any Com? or 
Authority for what I did there, I answered that in a few 
days he sh^ be satisfyed in that point, hoping I might have 
received farther orders from liome & not careing to shew 
hun the report of the Lords Comission*? for Trade relateing 
thereunto, made y'' 14^^^ of May last, if it had been known 
that I had not an Absolute Comission it would have spoiled 
y? undertaking ; What passed hereupon between M^ Dum- 
mer and me will best appear from his Original letters here- 
w*^ sent to your Grace and my answers to them, the behav- 
iour of Many of the people here has often ruffled me, some 
do publiquely say his Majesty has no right to the Woods 
here, others have asked me what right the King had to any 
land here, & how he came by such right, some have claimed 
by Indian titles so late as dated in 1719, & in their deeds 
they have warrantees to defend the prossession against all 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 467 

persons whatsoever, the people of this province now sitting 
here in Conncil & Assembly are upon laj'ing out a line of 
towns before they have a new Governour, the upper & lower 
Houses do not agree, y® former w^? the late Governour 
haveing nominated an Attorny General, the latter lately 
upon y^ annual day of Election insisted to have aright of 
Nomination, w*^.^ the upper refuseing, it was Moved in the 
House of Representatives by the famous D^ Cook That 
there should be an Order of the House to the Grand jury 
to regard any indictement or presentment of the Attorny 
General onely as Wast paper. 

they are upon some Methods how to raise y^ yallue of 
their bills of Credit, w*^? are now so low as 20*^ pounce for 
silver there is about 3 hund'^ thous^' pounds of these bills 
from this province, they were at parr at first & some people 
who then lent out Mony to interest, if they were now 
rep^ principal & interest, would not get back one half of the 
valine of what they lost at first. It is wonderful! to see how 
little this province has been improved, & chiefly occasioned 
by too great Tracts of land in few hands, some haveing sev- 
eral hundred thousand Acres & the improved lands sells 
very dear, th whole y* is layd out into townships does not 
yield 3 pence g acre one with Another. I have been think- 
ing that if y? Charter here be declared voyd or forfeited by 
Parliament, and in the new form of Goverm* all new stragling 
towns excluded from sending Representatives, their Number 
w*? be diminished to one third, and those for the principal 
towns, might be men of some Substance, whereas at pres- 
ent to see such as are sent from the New towns looks like 
Mockery, if then a small tax of one penny sterl*'' was proposed 
to be raised upon all lands layd out into townships & granted 
to i)rivate people p acre, to pay off the debt & cancel their 
bills of Credit, many w'} relinquish their remote grants not 
yet improved ( w*^?' would thereupon fall to his Majesty ) 



468 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and remove nearer the Sea shore so that the Settlements 
would be more compact, and y** lands much better improved, 
I dare say some Millions of Acres would be disclaimed 
rather than pay this trifle especially for lands remote. 

this Province of Main, w*^.^ is annexed to the Masachusets, 
is divided from it by y^ province of New Hampshire, w*'? is 
a distinct Governm^ & a very small one, it would certainly 
be more for the Ease of the people either that Main & 
Hampshire, were annexed or New Hampshire to the Masa- 
chusets & Main to Georgia, to w''? it now joyns, onely Ken- 
nebeck River between them. 

I shall be excused for not entertaining your Grace longer 
at this time, but must humbly beg it for what I have sayd 
extra officio, it is My Zeal for his Majesty's Service w*^.^ 
prompts me to do it, I am with all possible respect and duty 

My Lord Your Graces Most Obedient & Most Humble 
Servant 

David Dunbar. 



Lieu^ Gov^'. Dummer to the Duke of Newcastle. Extract of a 

Letter from Lieutenant Governor Dummer to his Grace 

the Duke of Newcastle dated Boston December ^6^''' 1729. 

Colonel Dunbar, His Majesty's Surveyor General of the 
Woods in these Parts, having ( as I am informed, tho' not by 
himself ) given your Grace the trouble of perusing the Let- 
ters I lately wrote him, which were intended for His 
Majesty's Service : I beg leave to inclose Copies of his Letters 
as well as my own, & submit it to your Grace to determine, 
whether I have proceeded agreeable to the Commission I 
have the honour to sustain. I have endeavoured to cultivate 
a good Understanding with (Colonel Dunbar, that I might be 
able to give him my best assistance, as there should be 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 469 

occasion for it, in the Execution of his Majesty's Commands 
relateing to the Preservation of the Pme Trees in this Pro- 
vince ; and if I have not had the Success I wished for, I can- 
not impute it to any neglect or want of Inchnation m my 
self. The prmcipal occasion of my desiring to see his Com- 
mission was, ( as is intuuated in my first Letter ) on account 
of the Indians inhabiting those Parts, who, as I was informed 
by my Officers in the Forts there were under some Discon- 
tents and Jealousys that the late Treaty made with them 
might be infracted by new comers ; and it seems necessary 
that the Indians should know to whom they were to apply 
themselves for their Satisfaction therein. It may not be 
amiss to put your Grace in mind, that His Majesty has a 
Fort in that Country between Kennebeck & Nova Scotia, 
where there is a Garrison of Soldiers supported at the Charge 
of this Province, and a Trade carry'd on with the Indians 
from thence, according to the Treaty made with them at 
Casco, at some considerable Expence, any Interruption 
whereof may be a great Detriment to His Majesty's Service. 

Reced. 

Read 2^. Sept! 1730. 



INDEX. 



AUOMHOMEN, 95. 

Acadia, a portion of sold to Tem- 
ple, 16, 17; the rights of 
England to, 10, 18, 20, 34; res- 
toration of, 22, 87; the French 
claim the right to hsh on the 
coast of, 34, 38, 104; former 
boundary of, 47, 87, 177; 
French and Indians demand 
the whole of except Annapo- 
lis, 294; the French will pre- 
vent the English fishing on the 
coast of, 294; mentioned, 21, 
35, 96, 103. 

Account of Penobscot, 25, 30. 

Adamhegon, 386. 

Addington, Isaac, letter of, 73, 74; 
mentioned, 11, 33, 54, 95, 97, 
104. 

Address of Governor, Oouncil and 
Representatives of New Ilamii- 
shire, 54; of Lieutenant Gov- 
ernor, Council and Represent- 
atives of Massachusetts, 292, 
296. 

Adeawanadon, 95, 

Affidavit, of March, James, 303. 

Agemogen Reach, 238, 239, 240. 

Ahanquil, 11. 

Ahasombamet, 10. 

Albany, 09, 88, 100, 108, 109, 157, 
227, 234, 240, 241, 295, 328, 333, 
.336, 337, 339, 352, 304, 365, 371, 
374, 370, 378, 381, 396. 
County of, 42. 

Alden, Capt. John, relations of, 57, 
59, 00, 02, 07; attempted brib- 
ery, 01, 02; interested in a 
matrimonial affair, 01, 02; his 
property, 61, 00; bargains of, 
00; traded with St. Castine, 58. 

Alexander, Sir William, Earl of 
Sterling and Lord of Menstrie, 
10, 17, 25, 26, 74, 75. 

Allen, , killed, 231. 

Lieut., 162. 
Mr., 150, 151. 

Jeremiah, treasurer of tlie Pr<jv- 
ince, 147, 149, 389. 

Amauequened, 380. 



Amarascogin ^ 

Ameriscoggin I t i- l^ o/.o 

Ammusco'ggin [ J"^^''^""'^' *'^^'^' ^^^^ 

Amoscoggin | "^ ' 

Amuscoggin j 
Falls, 327. 
River, 327, 331, 333. 

Amassakantic \ „^ ^^ 

Amassakuntic j ^ ' '^• 

Ammunition in trade, 1; lack of 
ends a war, 1 ; needed, 3, 102 ; 
wanted at Wells, 43; in the 
towns, 64; at Nova Scotia 
and Penobscot, 80, 81; to be 
brought from Winter Harbor, 
149; needed at Georgetown, 
151; general need of in Maine, 
152, 150, 221 ; sent to Spurwink, 
212; of the Indians delivered, 
349; for Fort William and 
Mary, 448, 449; needed in the 
Province of Georgia, 458, 405, 
406. 

Amoskeag, 277. 

Anadahouitt, 408. 

Anderson, , 191. 

Andrews Point, 95. 

Andros, Sir Edmund, 20. 

Androscoggin, see under Amaras- 
cogin. 

Annapolis, 110, 123, 124, 125, 176, 
219, 281, 323, 396, 430, 433, 444, 
465; Fort at, 294. 

Anne, Queen, 176, 437, 483. 

Answer to the Earl of Limerick's 
petition, 67. 

Antiqua, 107, 112, 413. 

Axjpleton, Col. John, instructions 
to, 287; letter of, 290, 291. 

Armourer, an, among the Indians, 
91 ; detained at Falmouth, 195 ; 
desired tools, 278; gunsmith 
wanted at St. (Jeorges, 366. 

Armstrong, Lawrence, Lieut.-Gov. 
of Nova Scotia, 321. 
Robert, defence of, 163, 174; pe- 
tition of, .302, 303; mentioned, 
121, 120, 1.57, 158, 1.59, 107, 108. 
Simon, killed, 212. 

Arobree, a Jesuit, 408. 

Arondall, 315; .see Arundel. 

Arresaguntecook I .,„„ ,._ 

Arresegontoogook / ' ' ' 

Indians, 395, 406, 413, 417, 420. 
Letter from the chief of, 400, 401, 



472 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Arrowsic, 15:3, 155, 183, 185, 199, 
200, 201, 204, 381, 403. 

Garrison at, 290. 

Island, 144. 

River, 204. 
Arsar, 405. 

Arundel, 152, 182, 201, 315. 
Ashhurst, Henry, 34, 72, 102. 
Ash trees, 433, 434. 
Aten, 460. 

Attkinson, Theodore, 50, 123. 
Autograph, see Marks. 
Aver'll, Corp., 188. 
Awansomeck, 11. 
Awouch, .300. 
Azores, the, 115. 



B 



Bacon, Lieut. , of Barnstable, 

315, 316. 
Mr. , Collector at Ports- 
mouth, 167, 413. 
Sir Edmund, 167. 
John, letter of, .324, 325. 
Dr. Solomon, 286, 324, 325, 329, 
342. 
Bamet, Kahton, 44. 
Bancker, Evert, 334, 336, 337. 
Bane I ^ WWexX at Norridge- 

^^^^ f wock, 369. 
Been J ' 

Lieut. , 202, 203, 209, 212, 

215, 239, 249. 

Mr. , 215. 

Jeremiah, 120. 

Jona., 191. 

Capt. Joseph, 181, 182, 256, 2.57, 

274, ,309, 3.30, .331, 332, 401, 407. 

Barbadoes, the, 112. 

Barbekin Point, 47. 

Barillen, 22; .see also Brouillan. 

Barington, Mr. , 142. 

Barlow, Capt. , 265. 

Barnes, Capt. , of Plymouth, 

303. 

Barnstable, 324, 

County, Indians enlisted from, 

347. 

Baronets of Nova Scotia, 75, 79. 

Barony of La Tour, 75. 

of St. Denniscourt, 75. 

Barrillon, Mons. de, 38; .see also 

Brouillan. 

Bass, 156. 

Bassett, David, 30, 31. 

Bay Fran<,ois, same as Bay of 

Fundy, 18. 

Bay of Fundy, 18, 449, 465. 

Bay of Mexico, 69. 



Bean, see under Bane. 
Beauchamp, John, 434, 4.35, 436. 
Beauharnois, Charles, Marquis de, 

Governor of Canada, 371. 
Beaver trade, 28, 113, 389, 398, 399, 

402. 
Belfast, Ireland, 100, 107. 

Bell, Mr. , 304, 312. 

Bellisle, Mons. , 300. 

Bellomont, Earl of, letters of, 65, 
67, 68, 71; mentioned, 36, 45, 
52, 54, 55, 56, -57, 59, 62, 85, 88, 
90, 95, 97, 103, 175, 438. 
Belts of Peace, .see Wampum Belts. 
Berkeley, Rev. George, 444. 
Bermudas, the, 2. 
Bervrick, people of in garrison at, 
152; Col. Westbrook to go to, 
160, 185, 189; Oliver deserted 
from, 161; garrison at not to 
be lessened, 186; Lieut. Lane 
sent to, 203; Capt. Harmons 
company sent to, 204; men 
logging near, 238 ; Ezek. Davis 
arrived at, 284; men to be 
drawn from, 304; men from 
march to Falmouth, 310; 
troops at dismissed, 312; sol- 
diers to rendezvous at to equip, 
320; Indians at, 331; men 
ordered to, 33,3, 335; Col. West- 
brook at, 349, 350; Col. Dum- 
mer at, 431 ; logs seized at, 432; 
mentioned, 161, 279, 287. 
Betting, one guinea against thirty, 

443. 
Biddeford, 152, 279, 280, 328, 400. 
Bills of Credit, 110, 261, 262, 263, 

264, 205, 291, 413, 414, 467. 
Blackcoats, 356. 
Black Point, 193, 246, 259, 265, 273, 

278, 290, ,327, 332. 
Blanchard, Capt., 350, 
Lieut., 269, 271, 272. 
Blankets in trade, 1. 
Blathwayt, Wm., 57, 66, 87. 
Blechynden, Chas., letter of, 142, 

143. 
Bleuker, Nicholas, 373. 
Blockhouse at St. Georges River, 

418; see also Garrisons. 
Block Island, 123. 

Bolam, Capt. , 168, 173. 

Bomazeen, signed treaty, 11; his 
squaw a prisoner, 215; his 
squaw examined, 216. 

Bondet, Mons. , 59. 

Book, a, i^rinted without licence, 
105, 106. 



INDEX 



473 



Bornoway, Mons.,see Beauharnois. 

Boston, 2, 4, 20, 33, 37, 39, 41, 48, 
45, 52, 54, (Jl, G2, G5, G7, 71, 70, 
80, 81, 80, 02, 07, 90, 100, 102, 
104, 108, 119, 125, 120, 128, 130, 
149, 150, 151, 152, 153, 154, 150, 
103, 104, 100, 107, 175, 170, 180, 
184, 189, 190, 192, 193, 195, 197, 
198, 202, 203, 205, 200, 207, 208, 
, 213, 210, 217, 219, 224, 225, 227, 
229, 230, 232, 237, 238, 240, 242, 
254, 255, 202, 205, 200, 272, 275, 
270, 281, 282. 283, 285, 291, 202, 
200, 298, 300, 301, 300, 308, 311, 
317, 322, 320, 329, 330, 335, 338, 
339, 341, 342, 347, 349, 351, 352, 
357, 358, 301, 302, 364, 305, 379, 
381, 382, 385, 389, 393, 394, 399, 
401, 402, 408, 418, 419, 431, 435, 
439, 440, 451, 453, 450, 405, 400, 
408. 
Harbor, 144, 405. 
North Battery, 405. 
South Battery, 405. 
Streets, 414. 

Bounty for scalps, 230, 280, 283, 
288. 
Money, 207 275. 

Bourn, Capt. , 188, 196, 201, 

225, 227, 232, 243, 206, 267, 273, 
275, 276, 286, 288, 290, 297, 290, 
300, 301, 302, 300, 307, 311, 324, 
347. 

Boyes, Robert, jietition of, 439. 

Brackett, Capt. Anthony, 424, 427. 

Bradbury, Ensign, , 310. 

Bradford, 190. 
Peres, 423. 

]{ragdon, Lieut. , 349. 

Jajues, 392, 393. 

Hrandy, 158. 

Bread "^Corn, 456. 

Breddeane, James Jr., 341, 348. 

l?renton, Jahleel, too long in 
Europe, 71; surveyor of woods, 
98. 

Brick, 456. 

Bridger, J., letters of, 110, 125, 120, 
128, 120, 1.30, 134, 142; vote of 
thanks to, 125; mentioned, 
134, 172. 

Brimhall, (ieorge, 424, 427. 

IJristol County, Mass., Indians of 
joined the i'roviucial forces, 
287, 306, and did garrison duty, 
347. 
England, servants inii)orted 
from, 107. 



Brouillan, Jacques Fran(^ois de, 

Governor of Acadia, letter of, 

96, 97; mentioned, 22, 28, 104. 

Brown "t Sergt. , 187, 188, 199, 

Browne J 201. 

Lieut. Allison, letter of, 182; 

mentioned, 233, 315, 316. 
Benjamin, 33, 102. 
Robert, of Plymouth, 212. 
Brunswick, 108, 163, 327. 

Buckminster, Lieut. , 147. 

Buckuam, Samuel, 421, 423, 427. 
Bullman, Dr. , 183, 184, 185, 

217, 321. 
Burinston, Mr. , deputy, 121, 

126. 
Burnet, Gov. William, letter of, 

234, 235; mentioned, 836, 346. 

423, 428, 430, 448. 
Byfield, Col. Nathaniel, 87, 05, 102. 

C 



the, 241, 336, 382. 



273. 



Cabec, 157. 
Cachnawages 
Cagnawaga 
Calais, 109. 

Calef, Mr. 

Jos.. 427. 
Calendar, the, new style, 308, 309. 
Camblette, 142. 
Cambridge, goal, 297. 
Came, Samuel, 191. 
Canada, 3, 9, 21, 23, 44, 58, 05, 72, 
75, 90, 91, 100, 108, 109, 113, 
117, 144, 155, 156, 165, 215, 227, 
233, 235, 230, 240, 247, 272, 293, 
294, 328, 334, 3o0, 330, 341, 351, 
352, 355, 350, 357, 300, 302, 305, 
307, 368, 370, 371, 373, 375, 376, 
378, 379, 380, 383, 386, 388, 301, 
303, 395, 397, 399, 401, 404, 410, 
413, 400, 401, 402, 406. 
Indians, 402, 461. 
Canady ) Capt. William, letter of, 
Canedy I 240; mentioned, 244, 341, 

350; .see also Kanady. 
Canebec, .see Kennebec. 
Caunawoses, the, 367, 375, 379, 

383, 388. 
Cannebick, see Kennebec. 
Canso, 110, 160, 201, 444. 
Cape Ann, 61. 

Breton, 110, 113, 114, 117. 

Cod, 122. 

Elizabeth, 170. 

La 11 eve, 83. 

Neddick, 103. 

Neger, 303; sec also Negue. 

Newagin, '10. 



474 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Cape, continued. 

Porpois, 179, 186, 212, 233, 2GG, 

303. 
Sable, ir>, 18, 32, 365, 386, 405. 
Sable Indians, 299, 405, 408, 
Seples, 386. 

Capon, , not an envoy bnt a 

comissary, 176. 

Captives, given to soldiers, 3; to 
be delivered without ransom, 
9; Indians forced theni to re- 
turn home, 93; released by 
Indians, 154; as pilots, 155 
taken at Kennebec River, 165 
escape of Peter Tallcot, 232 
Hanson family reach New 
York, 328; in safety, 363; re- 
turned to Wenungenit, 365; 
killed by Indians, 371, 375, 380, 
383; misinformation concern- 
ing, 371; not all returned, 383. 

Carbass, Mr. , Secretary, 167. 

Cargill, David, petition of, 439. 

Carkesse, Cha., letters of, 114, 115, 
116. 

Carlilf ^-'g-J'^^"'248,282. 

Carolinas, the two, 456. 

Casco Bay, noblest in New Eng- 
land, 49; trading-house at, 74, 
85; colony to be erected at, 163; 
l^risoner escaped from, 192; 
men to cruise in, 204; a soldier 
posted at, killed, 231 ; Saun- 
ders to report to, 284, 285; 
Indians to hold a conference 
at, 298; Slocum wanted at, 
299; Harmon at, 327; Smith 
ordered to, 329, 330; Indians 
to make treaty at, 409; the 
treaty of, 412, 413; mentioned, 
87, 95, 179, 209, 257, 258, 259, 
332, 353, 354, 375, 376, 390, 406, 
407, 419, 423, 428, 429, 431, 432, 
459. 
Fort at, burned, 49, 51; new one 
erected, 74, 85, 99; one needed 
at, 429; mentioned, 93, 207. 
Harbor, 429. 

Casteen, see St. Castine. 

Castle Island, 42, 99. 

Cattle Mills, 260. 

Chamble, 109, 337. 

Chapman, John, 353. 

Charles I, 25, 26, 74, 130, 436, 441. 

Charles II, 17, 28, 29, 30, 79, 80, 
81, 82. 

Charlestown, 7, 150. 

Charters, .see Patents. 

Chebecto, 32. 



Chesly, Capt. , 278. 

Chester, 431. 

Choate, Samuel, 190. 

Christian, 272, 273. 

Chub, Capt. , 252. 

Church of England in Boston, 443. 

Cinow, 362. 

Claims of Toppan, Christopher, 
445. 

Clark, Ensign , 194. 

Lieut. , 403, 406, 409, 410. 

Thaddeus, 424. 

Clergymen sent to the Indians, 59, 
69, 85 ; allowance for only one 
in Boston, 443; .see also Min- 
isters. 

Clothing in trade, 1 ; imported, 111 ; 
of home manufacture, 122. 

Cloven Cape, 83. 

Cochecho, 252, 278, 318. 

Cochron, James, 247, 255. 

Cocoa Nuts, 260. 

Cod Fish, 112. 

Coffin, Peter, 56. 

Coinage, needed, 110, 414. 

Cole, William. 445. 

Coleby, Mr. , 162. 

College of Dean Berkeley, 444. 

Collossians, 63, 65. 

Comeso Quantic, fort at, 49. 

Comshite, John, 300. 

Concord, 284. 

Conefixit, 445. 
. Falls, 445. 
River, 445. 

Conference of Capt. John Gyles 
with the Indians, 385. 

Connecticut, 107, 109, 209, 210, 211, 
228, 241, 295, 323. 
River, 380, .393, 397. 

Connawol, 356. 

Connawoses, 379. 

Conscience, liberty of, 134. 

Consegon, 445. 

Convin, .Jonathan, 102. 

Cooke, Elisha, report of, 149; men- 
tioned, 102, 126, 127, 129, 134, 
135, 136, 137, 138, 148, 1.50, 432, 
441, 442, 454, 455, 467. 

Cooper, William, 427. 

Coram, Mr. , 121. 

Thomas, letter of, 436, 438. 

Corn in trade, 1; poor in Canada, 
113; imported, 456. 

Cornwell, Capt. , 280, 281. 

Cotton, 143. 

Rev. , 62. 

Wool, 122. 

Cox, Capt. , 201. 

Messrs., 208, 209. 



INDEX 



475 



Crao^gs, James, lltJ, 117. 

Cranston, Samuel, letter of, 828 
3-29. 

Cromwell, Oliver, 26, 27, 78, 79, 83. 

Crosby, Jos., 28."). 

Crosses of silver given to Indians, 
59. 

Crown Point, N. Y. 

Crowne, John, his title to Penob- 
scot, 25, 29, ,30, 74; petition of, 
74, 82, 83; report on his peti- 
tion, 86. 
Point, Maine, 27, 29, 79. 
William, 27, 28, 29, 78, 79, 80, 81, 
82, 84. 

Cuckhold''s Point, 48. 

Cumings \Arcli'd, letter of, 291; 

Cummins J mentioned, 205. 
:Mr. , 104. 

Currency, 110, 112, 201, 414; .see 
Bills of Credit, 

Cutt, Ptichard, 191. 
Robert, 190. 

D 

Daquiell, Mons., 233. 

Damariscotta"! 0-4 o-- a a- 
Damasscotta | -^^4, oo;,, 44;). 

Fresh Pond, 445. 

River, 47, 204, 445, 402. 

River, Fresh Falls, 445. 
Damariscove Island, fort on, 49. 
Danforth, Thomas, 149, 423, 425, 

426. 
Dartmouth, England, 12, 107. 
D'Aulney, Charles de Menon, 75, 

70, 77, 81, 177. 
Davenport, Richard, letter of, 184; 

mentioned, 185. 
Davis, Elisha, 119. 

Ezek., 284. 

Richard, letter of, 279, 280. 
Deal boards, 15. 
Dearing, Clement, 191. 

Roger, 191. 

De Bonaventure, Capt. , 31. 

Defence of Armstrong, Robert, 100. 
Delafaye, Ch., letter of, 340; men- 
tioned, 290. 
Derry Lough, 103. 
Deserters, place to try them, 297, 

302. 
Devon, Council of, 102. 

County of, 434. 
Diaper, 143. 

Diijiock, Lieut. , 208. 

Disowning a fortress, 453. 
Doctor, a Quack, 107; needed in 
the ariny, W., 184, 185, 187, 
218; for Indians, 324, 



Dokes, :\Ir, , 210. 

Dondomkegon, 96. 

Doney, Robin, 11. 

Dorchester, 332. 

Doucett ) John, Lieut.-Gov, of 

Dowcett i Nova Scotia, 281, 285. 

Dover, N. H., 328, 431. 

Dow, Elisha, 100. 
Henry, 50. 

Downer, Benjamin, 179. 

Druggets, 142. 

Drugs, 204. 

Dublin, Ireland, 100, 107. 

Dudley, Gov. Joseph, 252, 438. 
Sir Matthew, 173. 
William, letter of, 241, 242; mes- 
sage of to House of Represent- 
atives, 410; mentioned, 136, 
150, 157, 178, 211, 428. 

Dueling, law against, 441, 442. 

Dummer Island, Fish ]Market, 221. 
Island, Grape Street, 221. 
Jeremiah, letter of, 143; men- 
tioned, 149, 107. 
Samuel, 107. 

William, letters of, 165, 100, 175, 
178, 180, 201, 202, 218, 223, 224, 
225, 232, 244, 240, 249, 250, 257, 
207, 270, 272, 275, 270, 286, 287, 
292, 297, 305, 300, 307, 308, 317, 
321, 323, 335, 351, 353, 358, 359, 
362, 364, 308, 370, 392, 393, 398, 
399, 405, 400, 407, 408, 431, 434, 
4.50, 451, 408, 409; message of, 
417,418,420; mentioned, 134, 
143, 140, 161, 102, 168, 179, 181, 
182, 183, 184, 185, 189, 190, 191, 
192, 193, 194, 195, 19(), 197, 198, 
199, 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 200, 
207, 208, 209, 213, 21.5, 220, 224, 
229, 2,30, 232, 233, 234, 235, 237, 
2.38, 241, 243, 240, 254, 205, 2(i0, 
268, 271, 273, 274, 277, 279, 281, 
282, 288, 289, 290, 298, 299, 300, 

301, 302, 304, 308, 311, 312, 313, 
• 315, 316, 319, 320, 324, ,326, 328, 

331, 332, 333, 334, 336, 337, 338, 
339, 340, 341, 342, 349, 360, 351, 
352, 354, 355, 350, 358, 359, 300, 

302, 300, 367, 370, ;571, 372, 373, 
374, 375, 37(i, 377, 378, 379, 383, 
385, 386, 388, 390, 391, 400, 401, 
403, 404, 405, 409, 410, 412, 413, 
418,448,451,4.57,461,460. 

Dunbar, Col. David, letters of, 440, 
444, 451, 453, 4,58, 41)8; men- 
tioned, 431, 4.34, 445, 44(5, 447, 
449, 4,50, 408, 

Dunsmore, John, 154, 1.56. 

Dunstable, 208, 272, 287, 3,50, 



476 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Dunston, 186. 

Durrell, Capt. , 214. 

Dntcli, the, 29, 80, 77, 81, 2G0. 
Duties on shipping, 114, 115, llG, 
117. 

E 

East Grkenwicii, 436. 

East India, 158. 

Eaton, Capt. , of Salishury, 

373. 
Moses, 246. 
Samuel, 373. 

Edgar, an Indian, 157. 
Henry, 175. 

Edgeremet, 10. 

Eels, 156. 

Elliot, Capt. , 160. 

Robert, 56. 

Emerson, the Rev. Mr. , 167. 

England, 4, 5, 6, 8, 16, 18, 26, 64, 
66, 71, 78, 79, 82, 90, 96, 101, 
108, 109, 119, 122, 123, 158, 167, 
169, 176, 414, 437, 439, 440, 443, 
444, 451, 452, 455, 457, 458, 459, 
460, 463, 464. 

English, the, trade with Indians, 
1; Indian war broke out with, 
1; chiefs sue for peace and 
continue the war, 1, 2; the 
conquest of Canada of value 
to, 3; the French instigated 
the war with, 8; regulations 
between the Indians and, 9, 
91; expelled from St. Johns, 
N. F., 12; Acadia regained by, 
17; discovered Nova Scotia, 
26; St. Estienne desired the 
protection of, 27; discovered 
Penobscot, 30, 75, 81; not al- 
lowed to fish or trade on 
French territory, 31, 38, 104; 
Jesuits stir up the Indians 
against, 58; St. Castine a 
friend of, 58; those at Wood- 
stock and New Oxford 
alarmed, 08, 69; the French 
determined to hold lands be- 
longing to, 72; the Estiennes 
had been in the service of, 75; 
to besiege New York (1654), 
77; French priests and mis- 
sionaries to be expelled from 
the territory of, 85; the In- 
dians to be supplied by, 90; 
Indian boys not to be sent to 
learn of, 92 ; Indians desire a 
banner of, 93, 94; captives still 
with Indians, 95; Indians to 



English, the, continued. 

be iixed in the interests of, 99; 
to seek the Mohawks in time 
of war, 153; boundary between 
the French and, 176; Indians 
in a rage because hostages had 
died with, 207, 208; boys re- 
taken, 215; Mohawks kill cat- 
tle of, 246; Indians desire 
peace and just methods with, 
2^A ; 7uany truces broken with, 
252; bodies of those killed in 
LovewelPs fight sought, 271; 
Penobscots seize vessels of 
and become pirates, 280, 284, 
289; attack St. Castine, 313, 
314; story denied, 326, 327; 
Indians expected to be de- 
frauded by, 343; Indians must 
pay for creatures they killed 
belonging to, 355, 356; Indians 
must live in peace with, 356; 
further depredations of the 
Indians, 363; the French en- 
deavor to prevent the peace 
between the Indians and the, 
367, 373, 386, 408; their relig- 
ion compared to that of the 
Jesuits, 384; not treacherous, 
.388; Indians prevented from 
killing, 391, 392; Loron to be 
treated as a friend of, 393; at- 
tacked while the treaty was 
being discussed, 408; Indians 
will quit the country or live 
like, 449; the French will not 
like the planting of a colony 
at Fredericksburg, 461; In- 
dians desire to be at peace 
with, 461; mentioned, 9, 19, 
35, 44, 52, 53, 63, 95, 99, 112, 
115, 275, 360, .371, 383, 386, 395, 
396, 405, 422, 440, 466. 

English Grass, not grown in Can- 
ada, 113. 

Espagned [gg^ 447_ 

Espequead j ' 

Ercegontagog, 371, 392, 398, 405, 
408. 
Indians, 376, 386, 392. 

Essex County, 6, 33, 119, 237, 287. 

Estienne I La Tour. 
Etienne J 

Eveleth, Mr. , 213. 

Exeter, 120, 431. 

F 

Falmouth, burned, 50, 51; mes- 
senger came to for a doctor, 



INDEX 



477 



Falmouth, continued. 

183; Nutting the armourer at, 
195, 278; Westbrook at, 202; 
the Mohawks at, 230; officers 
at neglectful, 258; Capt. 
Bourne to go to for orders, 
268; scouts sent from, 273; 
three men left in the garrison 
at, 274; scoxits returned to, 
277; Capt. Saunders to report 
for orders at, 284; proposal to 
try the deserters at, 297, 302; 
March arrived at, 303; cap- 
tured sloop at, 304; Trask at, 
304; deserters sent to, 315; 
soldiers to go to, to equip, 320; 
soldiers delayed at, 327; Smith 
arrived at, 332; the number of 
soldiers at to be reduced, 353, 
357; Indians will not go there 
to settle the treaty, 403 ; Dum- 
mer desires to meet Indians at, 
406, 410; Gyles to furnish pas- 
sage of Indians to, 406, 4il; 
Jordan to act as interpreter at, 
408; petitions of, 420. 421; 
irregular proceedings of the 
selectnien of, 420; second peti- 
tion of, 421; petition of heirs 
of, 423; lands are granted to 
Tyng and others, 424; almost 
entirely destroyed, 424; peti- 
tions to be served on the se- 
lectmen of, 427, 428; men- 
tioned, 153, 181, 184, 185, 200, 
203, 216, 219, 220, 225, 231, 240, 
244, 255, 265, 266, 273, 274, 275, 
289, 290, 296, 299, 300, 301, 302, 
303, 304, 309, 311, 316, 331, 368, 

399, 412, 413. 
Ferry Place, 243. 
Garrison, 240, 274. 

Fayal, 169. 

Fayrweather, Thomas, 427. 

Fernald, William, 191. 
William Jr., 341. 

Finns, 112. 

Fisheries, 15, 19, 22, 23, 31, 32, 33, 
34, 36, 38, 39, 40, 46, 50, 51, 71, 
86, 97, 104, 110, 111, 114, 115, 
118, 162, 197, 214, 225, 249, 277, 
280, 282, 291, 294, 395, 322, 396, 

400, 455, 456, 457, 459. 
Fitch, Col. , 219. 

Five Nations, the, .55, 69, 70, 101, 

144, 153, 227, 228. 
Flanders, 38. 

Fletcher, , 60. 

Forts, to ho l)uiltand repaired, 13; 

sold to Temple, 16; built by 



Forts, continued. 

Temple, 17, 22; tools needed 
to build, 71, 72, 73; the French 
slighted theirs at St. Johns, 
86; places at which they are 
needed, 100; New Hampshire 
able to build, 100; many re- 
quired because of long extent 
of territory; ammunition need- 
ed, 102; desired atCanso, 110; 
the English will build on their 
own territory and not ask jier- 
mission, 178; men would not 
remain at the, 289, 270; the 
French demanded the English 
to quit those on the sea coast, 
293; needed at Casco, 429; 
orders to build not fulfilletl, 
452, 457, 459; "disowning a 
fortress," 453. 
Fort at Ammassakuntick, 91. 

at Annapolis, 294, 295. 

at Augusta, 1-14. 

at Berwick, 186, 284. 

at Brunswick, 108, 144, 382. 

at Casco Bay, 49, 50, 74, 85, 93, 
99, 140, 207, 429. 

at Castle Island, 99. 

at Comeso Quantic, 47. 

at Georgia, the Province of, 419, 
450, 452, 455, 459. 

at Great Island, 45, 46. 

at Damarascove Island, 49. 

at Marblehead, 108. 

at Mechisipi, 69. 

at Mississippi, 69. 

at Narracomecock, 51, 91. 

at Newagin, 49. 

at Norridgewock, 49, 91, 108. 

at Nova Scotia, 80. 

at Onondage's Castle, 70. 

at Orange, 42. 

at Ossipee Pond, 283. 

at Pemaquid, 3, 12, 13, 42, 47, 48, 
99, 449, 450, 452, 455, 457, 450, 
461, 464, 465, 469. 

at Penobscot, 26, 28, 29, 81, 154, 
155, 156. 

at Piscataqua, 42. 

at Port Royal, 97. 

at Quebec, 109. 

at Richmond, 206, 243, 325, 367, 
400, 403. 

at Saco, 13, 85. 

at St. Georges, 146, 154, 156, 181, 
244, 245, 250, 290, 318, 322, 330, 
331, 374, 430. 

at St. John's River, 77, 83, i>(). 

at Salom, 108. 

at Schenectady, 42. 



478 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Forts at, continued. 

at Wells, 144, 186. 

at Winter Harbor, 50, 51, 108, 
144, 148, 149, 416, 418. 

at York, 186. 

Castle William, 108, 144, 311, 
361, 374, 453, 465. 

George, Maine, 163, 247, 256, 353, 
373. 

George, N. Y., 152. 

LovewelPs, 278, 283, 

Mary, 148, 170, 182, 212, 232, 270, 
281, 282, 353, 416, 417. 

North Battery, 465. 

South Battery, 465. 

William and Mary, 221, 413, 415, 
448. 

William Henry, 7. 

see also Garrisons. 
Foster, John, 102. 

Thomas, 154. 
Fox Islands, 224, 280. 
France, 13, 17, 18, 10, 26, 29, 36, 
37, 38, 58, 64, 74, 77, 78, 81, 92, 
100. 101, 107, 108, 109, 177, 208, 
223, 228, 260, 355, 356, 429, 4.38, 
466. 

Franklyn, Capt. , 191, 202, 204, 

205, 286, 288, 289. 
Francewexcabe, 379. 
Fredericksburg, name of Dunbar's 
province, 4.56, 459; two vessels 
filled with new settlers come 
to, 460; fishing vessels at, 460; 
Indians visit, 460, 461, 462; 
the French may not like to 
have the English there, 461; 
the rivers of, 462; see also 
Georgia, Province of. 
French, the, assisted and influ- 
enced the Indians, 1, 8, 15, 40, 
41, 55, 60, 63, 69, 72, 73, 85, 86, 
90, 94, 108, 109, 154, 155, 165, 
175, 178, 223, 228, 220, 236, 239, 
294, 300, 323, 329, 336, 337, 340, 
346, 351, 355, 360, 368, 370, 373, 
408, 420, 461, 466; illicit trade 
with, 2; beaten by Phipps, 3; 
attack the frontier, 5; the In- 
dians must forsake, 9, 176; 
danger feared from, 12; at 
Pemaquid, 12, 449, 462, 455, 
459, 465; encroachments of, 

14, 31, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 40, 41, 
71, 72, 85, 176, 177, 295, 436, 
438; designed to hold control 
of Indians, 14,96; the original 
boundary of the territory of, 

15, 58; obstructed the fish- 
eries, 15, 19, 22, 31, 34, 37, 38, 



French, the, continued. 

71, 97, 294, 205; claim to the 
shore of the Bay of Fundy, 18; 
renewals of the submission of, 
19, 20 ; the English lost by the 
rendition to, 19; still holding 
English territory, 20; disturb 
trade, 23, 31; had no claim to 
Nova Scotia, 26, 81; disturb 
the people at Penobscot, 26; 
Nova Scotia surrendered to, 
29,75,80; Penobscot delivered 
to, 29, 76, 83, 87; had no claim 
to Penobscot, 30, 81, 82, 87, 
176, 177; threatened to seize 
English vessels, 31, 40; seized 
fishermen, 32, 33, 34; designs 
of, 38, 40; have the best part 
of St. Georges' River, 46, 47; 
destroyed fort at Pemaquid, 
47 ; burned fort at Casco Bay, 
49; besieged Wells, 51; re- 
venge of, 52; cruelty of, 52; 
St. Castine exposed the de- 
signs of, 59; captured by the 
Dutch at Penobscot, 81, 82; 
have a large part of the trade 
with the Indians, 85; slighted 
the fort at St. John's, 86; im- 
proving garrisons at Port 
Royal and St. Georges, 86; se- 
duced the Engfish, 90; Indians 
not to trade with, 90, 99; In- 
dians not to assist in the wars 
of, 01; a potent enemy, 102, 
110; had no fortification at 
Cape Breton, 110; as hunters, 
113; fishery at Cape Breton, 
114; to swear allegiance to 
King George, 123; still hold 
English prisoners, 165, 207, 
204; fermented war, 229, 293; 
cause not supported, 236; priv- 
ileges ariving to their planta- 
tions, 260; demand Acadia and 
Nova Scotia, 294; aim to hold 
jurisdiction over the Indians, 
294, 295, 346, 367, 373, 370; 
seize vessels at Cape Neger, 
303; endeavor to prevent treaty 
between the English and the 
Indians, 367, 373, 386, 408; 
meditate mischief against fish- 
ermen, 396; sent out Indians 
to attack the English while the 
treaty was being discussed, 
408; the territory of the Penob- 
scot advantageous to, 438, 439; 
the Indians sent to know about 
the English at Fredericksburg, 



ESTDEX 



479 



French, the, continued. 

4G1; mentioned, 67, 68, 70, 117, 

118, 123, 344, 384, 306, 404, 417. 
French Indians, 109, 272, 336, 382. 

Mohawks. 272. 
Friars, the, 76, 146, 154, 215, 246, 

300; .-^ee also Jesuits. 
Frontenac, Louis de Baude, Count 

de, .^1. 

Frost, Major , 195. 

Fryer's Island, 46. 

Fryor. Nath., 56. 

Fuller, John, 56. 

Fulling Mills, 142. 

Furs, 112, 113, 399, 402, 403, 400. 

G 

Garbisons, to be repaired, 152; 
men needed in the, 180; fears 
that they will be surprised, 
192, 195; people ordered to the, 
197; attacked at Arrowsic, 199, 
200, 201; at St. Georges at- 
tacked, 205, 206; Indians near 
the one at Winter Harbor, 231; 
forces at can't be reduced, 
266, 267, 328; to be guarded 
against a surprise, 318; to be 
strengthened and protected, 
347; Indians frequented, 357; 
Jesuits forbidden to hold ser- 
vices in. or neai-, 430. 

at Annapolis, 176. 

at Arrowsic, 144, 199, 200, 201, 
290. 

at Black Point, 265. 

at Casccr Bay, 85, 99. 

at Crowne's Point, 29. 

at Falmouth, 240, 274, 278. 

at Georgetown, 151. 

at Negue, 29. 

at Nortli Yarmouth, 212. 

at Pejepscot, 163, 164. 

at Pemaquid, 99. 

at Peritooduck, 202. 

at Port Royal, 86. 

at Biclimond, 148, 195, 225. 

at St. Georges, 86, 156, 205, 206, 
290. 366, 367, 390, 418. 

at Small Point. 197. 

at Spurwinck, 212, 273, 292. 

at Wells, 1.52. 

Bucknam's, 212. 

Cutts, 190. 

Ferry, 278. 

Frost's, 195. 
Grey's, 286. 
Heath's, 225. 
Jordan's, 212. 



Garrisons, continued. 

Parker's, 333. 

Sawyer's, 243. 

Scales', 333. 

Woodside's, 163, 164. 

Yorke's, 202. 

see also Forts. 
Gendall, Walter, 149, 424. 
George I, 123, 139, 154, 176, 413, 

415. 
George II, 415, 446, 447, 460, 461. 
Georgetown, 150, 161, 196, 199, 

224. 
Georgia, Province of, named, 440, 
452, 456; may have a resident 
bishop. 443; a place for Dean 
Berkeley's college, 444; should 
have free trade, 444; Dummer 
doubted Dunbar's right to 
exercise authority in, 450, 451, 
457, 466; a distinct govern- 
ment to be established there, 
452; Massachusetts had no 
jurisdiction over, 452; settle- 
ment begun, 454, 455, 459; con- 
ditions and rent proposed to 
settlers, 455; name changed to 
Fredericksburg, 456, 459; land 
claimed by others, 456, 460, 
464; prosperous outlook of, 
466, 457, 458, 464, 465, 466; 
fort at rebuilt, 459; claimants 
hold a meeting and decide to 
send an agent to England, 458; 
rivers of explored, 462, 463; 
country of, described, 462; 
Dunbar burned thirty canoes, 
463; a nursery for the navy, 
463; the future value of the 
province to England, 46 (; 
should be annexed to Maine, 
468; .see also Fredericksburg. 

Germans, 158. 
Germany, 457. 
Gerrish, .lohn, 56. 

Paul, 137. 

Timothy, 137. 
Gerritse, Roger, 373. 
Ghent, Elizabeth, 445. 

Gibbons, Maj. , 77. 

Gibson, the Rev. , 146, 1 17. 

Gillis, Thomas, 200. 

Glasgow, 107. 

Gold, Capt. Joseph, 290. 

Gooch, Capt. James, 44. 

Gorges, Sir Fordinando, 149, 425. 



Gorhain 1 



Maj. 



Gorhain 

Grand Meuan, 289, 



-, 275, 325. 



480 



DOCUMENTABY HISTORY 



Grandfontaine, Chevalier Hubert 
crAudigny, 17. 

Grant, Mr. , 280, 304. 

Capt. James, letter of, 318, 319; 
mentioned, 310, 318, 319, 347, 
349, 350. 

Grants, see under Patents. 

Grape Street. 221. 

Grass, English, not grown in Can- 
ada, 113. 
Samuel, 314. 

Gray, Capt. John, letters of, 219, 

255, 205, 266; mentioned, 185, 
220, 259, 303, 327. 

Graylock, 337, 358, 359, 364, 371, 
372, 374, 378, 381. 

Great Island, 42, 45, 46, 
Fort, 48. 

Great Lakes, the, 113. 

Great River of Canada, see St. 
Lawrence River. 

Green Island, 206, 212. 

Greenland, 183. 

Grey, James, 286. 

Groesbuk, Stevans, 373. 

Gruett, Joseph, 56. 

Gulf of St. Lawrence, 57. 

Gulston, Ralph, letter of, 428, 429; 
mentioned, 412. 

Guns, in trade, 1. 

Gunsmith, see Armourer. 

Gyles, Capt. John, conference of, 
383, 384, 385, 386; letters of, 
245, 246, 247, 255, 256, 359, 360, 
370, 371, 375, 376, 379, 383. 385, 
387, 389, 390, 397, 398, 403, 405, 
408, 409, 430, 445, 446; memo- 
randum of, 388; memorial of, 
3s7; mentioned, 195, 230, 240, 

256, 257, 206, 274, 361, 362, 364, 
374, 377, 378, 381, 391, 392, 393, 
396, 399, 406, 409, 410, 431, 446, 
447. 



H 

Hai.ky, Me. , 433. 

Hall, Edward, 172. 
Ilamelton. 157. 

Hamilton, Mr. , 433. 

Hammond, Maj. , 433. 

Jonathan, 45. 

Jos., 191, 
Hampshire County, 207, 227, 381. 
Hampton Court, 145. 
Hansard, 157. 
Hanson, John, 328, 329. 

Thomas, 137. 
Harden, Stephen, 204, 232. 



Harman ) Capt. and Lieut.-Col. 

Harmon ( Johnson, letters of, 188, 
282, 283, 327, 333; mentioned, 
147, 160, 162, 179, 187, 189, 191, 
192, 193, 194, 199, 202, 203, 204, 
205, 206, 216, 217, 219, 222, 226, 
229, 232, 238, 248, 249, 258, 259, 
285, 286, 292, -301, 310, 320, 321, 
331, 332, 335, 339, 341, 369. 

Harvard College, 72. 

Harvey, Sergt. , 205. 

Hassel, Benj., brought news of the 
death of Lovewell, 208, 269; 
ill management of, 269, 270; 
to go with Tyng against the 
Indians,271; ill, 272; letter of, 
268. 

Hatfield, 364, 374. 

Ilathorne, John, 102. 

Hatters, 112. 

Heath, Capt. Joseph, letter of, 194, 
195, 206, 207, 229, 2,30, 309, 310, 
366, 307, 368, 379, 380, 401, 403, 
410, 411; mentioned, 148, 162, 

179, 182, 205, 217, 225, 226, 240, 
250, 305, 310, 311, 312, 320, ,321, 
327, 354, 381. 385, 393, 398, 399, 
401, 407. 

, a brother of Capt. Joseph, 

185. 
Hegon, John, ,379, 393, 405. 
Hemp, 123, 124, 433, 440, 441, 450, 

404, 465. 
Henry, Hugh, 259. 
Higginson, John, 33, 102, 433. 
Hill. Abr., 57, 87. 

Nath.. .50. 
Hilliard, David, 33. 

Hilton, Lieut. , 147. 

Hinckes, .John, 56. 

Capt Samuel, letters of, 179, 

180, 212, 213, 231, 232, 281, 283; 
mentioned, 279. 

Hinty, Mr. , 457. 

Holland, 29, 77, 81, 200. 

Henry, 3.34, 330, 337, 338. 
Holman, Capt. , 267. 

Mr. , 275, 276. 

Hugh, 285. 
Homespun, 143. 
Hood, Joseph, 300. 
Hopkins, Samuel, 196. 
Hornebrook, John, 11. 
Horses, 112, 115, 200, 205. 
Houghton, Mr. , 69. 

Wm., 37. 
House, Lieut. Jeremv, 286, 315, 

316, 325. 
Hudson Bay, 35, 113. 
Hull, 100. 



INDEX 



481 



Hunt, Capt. , 2. 

Hannah, letter of, 243. 

Jacob, 243. 

John, letter of, 243. 

Hunter, Col. , 168. 

Ilurons, the, 144, 227. 

Iluske, Capt. Ellis, 158, lOn, 170, 

171, 172. 303. 
Hutchinson, Elisha, 102. 

Em., 102. 
Hyde, Edward. Lord Chancellor, 
79. 



Iberville, Moxs. de, led forces 
against Pemaquid, 12; master 
of Newfoundland, 12; in New 
York, 69. 

Illinois, the, 144. 

Importations, laws concerning, 
111, 114, 115, 116. 

Independency, 123, 127, 443. 

Independent Congregation of Bos- 
ton, the, 80. 

Indians, touching the trade with 
the, 1, 23, 99; assisted and in- 
fluenced by the French, 1,8, 
15, 40, 41, 55, 58, 60, 63, 69, 73, 
85, 86, 90, 94, 108, 109, 154, 
155, 165, 175, 178, 223, 228, 229, 
236, 239, 293, 294, 300, 323, 329, 
336, 337, 340, 343, 346, 351, 355, 
367, 368, 369, 870, 371, 373, 408, 
420, 461, 466; the war of 1638, 
1; illicit trade with the, 2; at- 
tacked the frontier towns, 5; 
the submission of Aug. 11, 
1693, 7, 11, 176. 177; to forsake 
the French, 9, 91, 99, 176; not 
to disturb the English, 9; to 
be ruled by English justice, 9, 
10; led by the French against 
Pemaquid, 12, 450, 452; the 
French mean to control, 14, 
96, 294, 295; will scorn the 
English, 14; cause of'tlieir 
trouble with the English, 14; 
should assist neither the Eng- 
lish nor P^rench in war. 24 ; still 
held as prisoners by tlic Eng- 
lish, 31; on the Kennebec 
claims of the Frencli, 31; a 
war prevented by Bamet, 44, 
53; never occupied lands at 
the mouth of tlie I'iscataqua, 
46; burned fort at Casco Bay, 
49, 50, 51 ; their forts a means 
of correspondence, 51; be- 
sieged Wells and burnt Fal- 



Indians, continued. 

mouth, 51; cruelty of, 52, 55; 
those from Natick stir up war, 
53; in need, 53; to be subdued 
or exterminated, 55; to go to 
Pennycook, 59, 68; ministers 
sent to, 59, 69, 85, 94, 133, 385; 
crosses given to, 59, 60; treated 
as slaves or soldiers, 60; must 
be driven from tlie towns, 63; 
they withdrew, ()4, 65; to make 
war against tlie Mohawks, 65, 
72; the English fear an out- 
break, 69, 73, 85, 192, 195, 210, 
211; Bellomont's encourage- 
ment to the, 69, 70; a fort 
wanted for them. 71 ; in mis- 
chief at Kennebec, 72; told to 
shun the English, 72; trading 
house built for, 74, 85, 99; 
treaty of 1701, 88; want to 
trade, 89, 91; and rum, 89, 345; . 
to induce their neighbors to 
join the English, 91, 92; an 
armourer to settle with the, 
91; will not send boys to the 
English for an education, 92, 
93; forced captives to return 
home, 93; wantatradinghouse 
at Merry Meeting, 93; used 
French colors, 93; desire an 
English flag, 94; raised a pyra- 
mid on treaty-ground, 95; to 
release captives, 95; cruelties 
to be avoided, 96, 103; may 
join in war with the French, 
100, 101; had little difficulty 
in attacking the frontier, 100; 
the Five Nations a barrier, 101 ; 
have advantage over the Eng- 
lish, 102; nund)er of (dvilized, 
106; numbei of enslaved, 10(); 
Jesuits should not be allowed 
among the, 110; bring furs 
from tlie far west and north, 
113; the aim of the planters is 
to convert, 144; shot a man at 
Richmond, 148; not liindered 
by fort at Winter Harbor, 148; 
attacked St. (Jeorges, 150, 154; 
attacked a party at Merry 
Meeting, 150; at Long Reach, 
150, 151; robbed tiie wliites, 
151; at Wells, 151, 152, 189; 
Moliawks as deputies, 153, 272; 
at Arrowsic, 15:'), 201; to be' 
waylaid, 153, 281 ; led by a 
friar, 154; rclease<l captives, 
154; rebuilt fortnt Penobscot, 
155; eat seals, 156; at I'ejep- 



32 



482 



DOCUIVIENTAKY HISTORY 



Indians, continued, 

scot, 163, 164; killed the Kev. 
Joseph Willard, 175, 176; sold 
land to the English, 177; at 
Arundel, 182; about the garri- 
sons, 185; the Maquas to pro- 
tect the whites, 192, 193; at 
Spurvvink, 193; at Winick's 
Neck, 193; atKennebunk, 193; 
Lieut. Harmon marched after, 
193, 194, 199; to be ambushed, 
194; house for the Mohawks 
finished, 194; at Georgetown, 
199, 200; to be watched on the 
Islands and rivers, 199, 201, 
202, 204, 206, 277, 278, 280, 281, 
284; all along the frontiers, 
201, 225, 241, 258, 259, 266, 279; 
at Pernooduck, 202; svipposed 
to be gathering, 203, 208, 210; 
at St. Georges' River, 205, 251; 
in a rage because a hostage 
died, 207,208; to march upon 
the frontiers, 208; fears for 
prisoners in their hands, 208; 
war against the Eastern, 209; 
their manner of attacking, 211 ; 
at Spurwink, 212; at North 
Yarmouth, Saco River and 
Cape Porpois, 212; volunteers 
sent after, 212; on a privateer, 
212, 213, 214, 280, 284; to be 
prosecuted vigorously, 214; 
coming from Canada, 215, 352; 
killed at Norridgewock, 222, 
228; under English jurisdic- 
tion, 223; in the whale fishery, 
225; at Winter Harbor, 231, 
232; held at Albany, 233; their 
envoys depend on Vaudreuil, 
236; brought an express to St. 
Georges, 240; designs of the, 
241; desire peace, 242, 249, 
251; resolved on war, 256; 
conference with, 250,254; Bane 
and Gyles to lead a party in 
search of, 256, 257, 258, 274: 
should have been waylaid, 2.58, 
266; at Black Point, 259, 265, 
278, 290; near Cape Porpois, 
266; near Pequakett, 268, 269, 
270,272,278; Tyngsentagainst, 
270, 271, 277; ,a Mohawk to go 
with Tyng, 272, 273; to enlist, 
275j 276, 286, 309, 324; their 
enlisting obstructed. 276; 
tracked by Jordan, 277; the 
fishing time of, 277; tracked 
by Chesly, 278, 279; Love well 
wounded some, 279; seize 



Indians, continued. 

English vessels, 280, 284; near 
Fort Mary, 281; collected at 
the eastward, 283; infest the 
coast as pirates, 284; recruits 
to be divided into two com- 
panies, 286, 290; how to be 
employed later, 286; enlisted 
from Bristol County, 286, 306, 
347; go fishing in stolen ves- 
sels, 289; their stillness sur- 
prising, 289; supposed to have 
been at Arrowsic and St. 
Georges. 290; killed a man at 
Spurwink, 292, 296, 306; the 
French mean to manage those 
on English territory, 295 ; com- 
plain of injustice, 297, 339, 340, 
342; defrauded of their pay, 

297, 299, 300; Walton to join 
in the affair with Eastern, 298; 
concerning the conference at 
Boston, 298, 305, 332, 351, 382, 
385, 394, 401, 402; they prefer 
to meet at some other place, 

298, 299; two more tribes de- 
sire to treat, 298, 299; steal 
vessels at Cape Neger, 303; 
Dummer has little faith in 
their sincerity, 305, 307, 318; 
commanders of the companies 
of, 307, 311, 312, 347; desert, 
312, 315, 316, 325; cessation of 
arms, 318, 319, 322; to be well 
received at fort on St. Georges 
River, 318; Dummer will not 
send them to assist Armstrong, 
323; a doctor for the, 324; 
commanders of changecl, 325; 
planned an expedition into 
New England, 329, 334, 338, 
352; to be transported to Bos- 
ton, 330; seen on the frontiers, 
331, 332, 334, 337; at Scales' 
and Parker's Garrisons, 333; 
Harmon and Moulton to am- 
bush for, 335; sent wampum 
belts, 336, 370, 377, 386, 390, 
395, 399; started to attack 
frontier, but returned home, 
337; still skulking about, 337; 
false report of intended raid, 
339, 341 ; those in the army de- 
sire to be dismissed, 342; res- 
ervation for, 343, 344; a rod 
in God's hand, 344; not to be 
entirely deprived of rum, 345; 
concerning the conversion of 
the, 346; dismissed from the 
army, 347; delay in their com- 



indp:x 



483 



Indians, continued. 

ing, 348; their arms and 
anmiunition delivered, 349; 
probably at tiae head of the 
Merrimac Kiver, 350; called 
in to make a treaty, 351 ; cap- 
ture vessels of Stacy and Chap- 
man, 352, 353; one to be hired 
as a pilot, 355; secret in re- 
gard to the peace, 355; dep- 
redations at Montinecous 
Islands, 355, 35G, 357, 360, 363; 
frequented the garrisons, 367; 
Gray Lock prepared to attack 
the frontiers, 358, 350; want a 
truck-house and gunsmith, 
366; the French endeavor to 
prevent the treaty with the 
English, 367, 373, 386, 408; 
those of the east desire a gen- 
eral peace, 368; small skulk- 
ing parties still out, 369, 372; 
supplied at thetrading-houses, 
363; raid on Kennebunk, 370, 
371, 375, 380, 383, 388; civil 
treatment promised those who 
signed the treaty, 372; the 
dissatisfied would not make 
peace, 377, 380, 395, 398; - re- 
turn from Canada to re-occupy 
their villages, 380, 393, 397; 
word sent to, to come and set- 
tle the peace, 382; conference 
of Capt. Gyles with, 383, 384, 
385, 386; still holding captives, 
383; desire a minister, 385; 
hold a great meeting at Penob- 
scot, 386; supplied at St. 
Georges, 389; the malcontents 
started on a raid, but returned, 
392; settled at Taconnet, 392; 
to be encouraged to settle at 
Norridgewock, 393; Mohawks 
not to fight the eastern, 394; 
the dissatisfied will make 
peace, 395; assembled near 
Minas, 396; to be protected, 
397; hostage to be returned to 
the, 397; their fishing inter- 
rupted by the Irish, 400; as- 
sembled at Taconnet, 400,401, 
404; desire food, 401, 402, 404; 
the tribes most injured by tlie 
war, 402; desire Capt. Heath 
to go to Boston on their be- 
half, 403; to be notified of 
meisenger's arrival by a gun, 
403; have debates on several 
questions, 404, 405, 408; Bum- 
mer's letter to be read to the, 



Indians, continued. 

404, 406, 407, 409, 410, 446; de- 
sire the removal of a trading 
house, 404; names of the 
chiefs at Taconnet, 404, 405, 
406; a child's death causes de- 
lay, 405; Dummer's letter to, 
405; to ratify the treaty of 
Casco, 406, 409; passage to be 
supplied to Falmouth, 406; 
provisions sent to, 407, 410; 
instigated by the French to 
attack the English while the 
treaty was being made, 408; 
jealous of the missionary at 
St. Fran(,'ois, 411; the governor 
to be accompanied by a reti- 
nue to meet them, 411; desire 
anew master at trading house, 
416, 418; supplies for the, 417, 
420; disturb men cutting 
masts, 428, 429; Jesuits desire 
to have one of their number 
among the, 430; provoked by 
Massachusetts, 437; a few 
near tlie proposed eastern set- 
tlement, 442; visit St. Georges, 
445; not to be disturbed at 
Passamaquoddy, 446, 451; may 
be kept at peace by a fortfat 
Pemaquid, 449, 455; will quit 
the country or live as the Eng- 
lish do, 449; if treated justly 
in trade they will be friendly 
with the English, 449; Dunbar 
had an interview with the, 
450; visit Fredericksburg, 460, 
461 ; sent to Quebec about new 
settlers, 461 ; beg for presents, 
461; presents given them, 462; 
described by Dunbar, 462; ex- 
pense of entertaining them, 
462; jealous of new comers, 
469; mentioned, 12, 22, 40, 43, 
50, 55, 66, 99, 108, 109, 117, 
157, 160, 176, 180, 181, 190, 192, 
209, 210, 217, 224, 226, 227, 228, 
2.32, 233, 234, 235, 237, 238, 239, 
240, 241, 244, 245, 250, 255, 284, 
296, 309, 313, 324, 326, 334, 342, 
343, 346, 353, 354, 355, 357, 365, 
375, 37(5, 379, 380, 390, 394, 395, 
39(), 399, 403, 413, 419, 422, 431, 
437, 457, 458, 464, 466. 

civilized, number of, 106. 

friendly, 275, 276, 286, 292, 297, 
299, 300, 301, 309, 312, .343, 392. 

tlie Mountain, 386, 408. 

the Southern, 383, 384. 



484 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Indians, continued. 

see also Canadian and French 
and the names of the tribes. 
Indigo, 260. 
Ingogen Cape, 83. 

River, 88. 
Inhabitants of Massachusetts, 

number of, lOG. 
Instructions for Noyes and Apple- 
ton, 287. 

Saunders, Capt. Thomas, 284. 

Shute, Gov. Samuel, 145. 
Ipswich, 213, 287. 290. 
Ireland, 106, 111, 115, 163, 262, 440. 
Irish, 440. 

Jacobite, an, 159, 166, 168, 303. 

settlers, 409. 
Iron in trade, 112. 

Irwyn, Capt. , 457. 

Isle of Orleans, 109. 

Shoales, 212. 



Jackson, Ben.jamin, letter of, 41; 
mentioned, 11. 
Geo., 191. 

Jacobite, An Irish, 159, 166, 168, 
303. 

Jaffrey, George, 158. 

Jaques, Col. , 268. 

Lieut. , 248, 282. 

James I., 16, 25, 26, 31, 83, 84, 441. 

James II., 30, 56, 82, 441. 

Jaquesh, see Jaques. 

Jefferies, David, 38, 136, 172. 

Jeffers, Capt. , 66, 67, 70, 71. 

Jeffery, Lord. 22. 

Jeggels, Capt. William, testimony 
of, 32, 33. 

Jekyll, John, 265. 

Jenkins, Thos., 191. 

Jersey, the Earl of, .57, 66. 
Island of, 106, 107, 

Jesuits, the, an injury to the pub- 
lic, 49; at Narracomecock, 51; 
stir up the Indians, .58, 69, 72, 
73, 85, 94, 108, 110, 175, 239, 
242, 293, 334, 336, 337, 343, 
346, 367, 369, 371, 373, 383, 
384, 402, 420, 430, 461, 466; 
tell of the designs of the 
French government, 72; to be 
expelled, 85; letter of, read at 
the peace conference, 386, 387; 
endeavor to prevent the peace 
between Indians and the Eng- 
lish, 408; desire to have one of 
their number at Wanopolos 
Rial, 430; not permitted to 



Jesuits, continued. 

hold service in or near the 
garrisons, 4.30; built a church 
at Norridgewock, 4.30; men- 
tioned, 375, 378, 404, 405, 461; 
also called Black Coats, and 
Friars. 
Jewett, Nehemiah, 106. 
Jimmison, Elihu, 191. 
Job, David, 300. 
John, an Indian, 92, 93. 
John Negon, 379, 393, 405. 
John Sheepscot, 10, 11. 
John "Signum," 11. 
John's Island, 48. 

River, 462, 
Jones, Samuel, petition of, 419. 

Jordan ) ^^^ ^^^ 

Jordon ) ' 

Lieut. Dominicus, 242, 243, 273, 
277, 280, 292, 301,309, 311, 320, 
421, 424, 427. 
Jeremiah, 421, 427. 
John, 421, 427. 
Nathaniel, 421, 427. 
Robard, 421. 
Robart, 427. 

Capt. Samuel, letters of, 328, 
400; mentioned, 242, 320, 330, 
341, 351, 407, 421. 
Solomon, killed, 212. 
Thomas, 421, 427. 
Journal of House of Representa- 
tives, 152. 
Jummoway, 410. 



K 

Kahton, Bamet, 44. 

Katerramogis, of Norridgwock, 10. 

Keensotuk, 65. 

Kembal, , 190. 

Kenadv \Capt., 180, 205, 215, 

Kennedy i292, 296, 301, 312,321; 
see also Canady. 

Kennaway, Tom, .300. 

Kennebec, 316, 386, 431, 4.32. 

Indians, 53, 108, 110, .383, 387, 

404, 405. 
River, the French claini it as a 
boundary, 14, 31, 34, 40, 72, 
86; of value because of the 
lumber near, 15; safe for large 
ships, 48; Indians at in mis- 
chief, 72; Westbrook at, 161, 
221; prisoners taken at, 165; 
scouts at, 199, 256, 2.57; cess i 
tion of arms at, 317, 322; no 
hostility beyond the, 349, 350; 



INDEX 



485 



Kennebec River, continued. 

a marker to be set up at, 356; 
the Indians hunting near not 
to be disturbed, 380, 393; 
Dummer at, 431; mentioned, 
47, 4!». 51, 81, 182, 204, 216, 
217, 221, 225, 332, 391, 436, 
440, 444, 451, 452, 455, 459, 
462, 463, 468, 469. 

Kennebunk, 188, 193, 303, 370, 
375, 380, 383, 388. 
River, 204. 

Kent, Capt. , 180. 

Kettler in trade, 1. 

Kimbolt, , 445. 

Kingston, 201. 

Kittery, ammunition needed at, 
152; vahie of Cutt's house at, 
190; soldiers wanted at, 196; 
stout men to be sent from, 
279; has no ensign, 340, 341; 
mentioned, 341. 

Knight, John, letter of, 259. 
Nathan, letter of, 193. 



Laborie, J., letter of, 59; men- 
tioned 69, 

La Chassaigne, M. de, Governor 
of Montreal, 233. 

La Chasse, Pere, 211, 367. 

Laffevre, , 176, 177. 

La Neve, 83. 

Lambert, Wm., 265. 

Lane. Lieut. John, 191, 203. 

La Tour, Charles St. Estienne, 16, 
25, 26, 27. 74, 75, 77, 78, 84. 
Claud, 25, 26, 74, 75, 77, 78. 
Port of, 83. 

Lawrence, Robert, 424. 

Lead in trade, 1. 

Leather, home manufacture of, 
112. 

Lechmere, Thomas, memorial of, 
260, 265. 

Samson, 247. 

Ledgel, Col. . memorial of, 1. 

Leighton, John, 191. 
Letters of, 

Addington, Isaac, 73, 74, 103, 
104. 

Appleton, Col. John, 290. 

Arressegontoogook, 400. 

Bacon, John, .'324. 

Bellomf)nt, the f:arl of, 65, 67, 
68, 71. 



Letters of, continued. 

Blechynden, Chas., 142, 143. 
Bridger, J., 119, 125, 128, 129, 

134, 142. 
Brouillan, Gov. J. F., 96, 97; 

answer to the same, 103, 104, 
Bi-own, Allison, 182. 
Burnet, Gov. William, 234. 
Canedy, William, 240. 
Carkesse, Cha., 114, 115, 116. 
Coram, Thomas, 436. 
Council and Representatives, 

103, 104. 
Cranston, Samuel, 328. 
Cumings, Archd, 291. 
Davis, Richard, 279, 
Delfaye, Ch:, 340. 
Dummer, J., 143. 
Dummer, William, 165, 176, 180, 

201, 209, 218, 223, 225, 244, 240, 

249, 256, 257, 270, 272, 275, 276, 

285, 287, 292, 297, 300, 306, 307, 

308, 317, 321, 335, 361, 353, 358, 

359, 362, 364, 368, 392, 393, 397, 

398, 399, 405, 406, 407, 431, 450, 

468. 
Dunbar, CoL David, 440, 451, 

453, 458. 
Grant, Capt. James, 318, 
Gray, John, 219, 255, 265. 
Gulston, Ralph, 428, 
Gyles, Capt. John, 245, 246, 355, 

370, 375, 376, 379, 383, 385, 389, 

397, 398, 403, 408, 409, 430, 445. 
Harmon, Capt. Johnson, 188, 

282, 327, 333. 
Hassell, Capt. Benj., 268. 
Heath, Capt. Joseph, 194, 206, 

229, 309, 310, 366, 367, 379. 401, 

410, 411. 
Hincks, Capt. Samuel, 179, 212, 

231, 281. 
Holland, Henry, and others, 333, 

336, 337. 
Hunt, John and Hannah, 243. 
Jackson, Benjamin, 40, 41. 
Jordan, Samuel, 328, 400. 
Knight, Nathan, 193, 259. 
Laborie, J., 5!). 
Livingston, Philip, and others, 

371. 
Minot, John, 208, 250, 254, 342, 

347. 
Moulton, Jeremiah, 198. 
Mountfort, Edmund, 239. 
Nelson, John, 13, 16, 37. 
Parker, James, 230. 
Partridge, Capt. Samuel, 304, 

37J. 



486 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Letters of, contimied. 
Penhallow, John, 150, 196, 199, 

224. 
Penobscot Chiefs, 446. 
Pepperell, William, and others, 

190, 340. 
Phipps, Sir William, 2, 4. 
St. Castine, Joseph Debadis de, 

313, 314. 
Saunders, Thomas, 238. 
Schuyler, John, 233, 240. 
Sharpe, Eichard, 159. 
Shute, Samuel, 104, 105, 108. 
Smith, Capt. Thomas, 357, 360, 

374, 388. 
Stacy, Samuel, 352. 
Stevenson, James, 352. 
Stoddard, John, 298, 299, 309. 
Stoughton, William, 34, 84, 80. 
Thaxter, S., and Dudley, W., 

241. 
Toppan, the Rev. Christopher, 

354. 
Trescott, Zach,, 166, 157, 207. 
Tyng, Eleazer, 268, 271, 277. 
Vaughan, Wm., 390, 391. 
Villebon, Chevalier de, 30. 
Wainwright, John, 213, 298, 299, 

308, 309. 
Walton, Sha., 308, 309. 
Wells, 43. 



wl'^Zet}^-'-^- 



Wentworth, Gov. John, 255, 278, 
283, 411, 415, 448. 

Westbrook, Col. Thomas, 146, 
147, 153, 156, 159, 160, 161, 181, 
182, 183, 184, 185, 187, 188, 189, 
190, 191, 192, 103, 195, 197, 199, 
201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 207, 
215, 216, 220, 221, 226, 238, 243, 
248, 259, 266, 273, 274, 277, 288, 
289, 290, 292, 296, 299, 300, 304, 
310, 311, 312, 316, 320, 331, 333, 
334, 337, 338, 339, 341, 349, 350, 
353, 367. 

Wheelwright, John, 151. 

Wheelwright, Capt. Samuel, 315. 

Willard, Josiah, 311, 312, 338, 
347, 349, 350, 351, 381. 

Woodside, William, 373. 

Woweenock, 400. 

Wyllys, Hez., 235. 

to Massachusetts Agent in Lon- 
don, 227. 
Leverett, Thos., 434, 435, 436. 

Lewe, Capt. , 357. 

Lewis, Moses, 56. 

Lexington, , 87. 

Ligett, William, 154. 



Limerick, Thomas, Earl of, peti- 
tion of, 56; answer to, 57; re- 
ferred to, 102. 
Lincoln, County of, 435. 
Lindall, James, 423. 
Linens, 111, 115, 122, 142, 143. 
Liquors in trade, 1; permit to sell, 

230, 231. 
Lisbon, 173. 
Little Eiver, 315. 
Little worth, 331. 
Liverpool, England, 107. 
Livingston, Philip, letters of, 371, 
373; mentioned, 334, 336, 337, 
352. 
Lock, Gray, see Graylock. 
Loggers, 140, 
Logwood, 264, 265. 
L' Ornery, 83. 

London, 16, 37, G6, 67, 70, 93, 100, 
107, 159, 1C7, 227, 435. 
Custom House, 116, 414. 
Royal Exchange, 66, 70. 
Sun Coffee House, 66, 67, 70, 74. 
Tower, 80. 

Whitehall, 4, 7, 41, 57, 87, 116, 
130, 143, 265, 340. 
Long Reach, 150. 

Loraant \ 362, 379, 385, 387, 393, 
Lorone / 394, 396, 447. 

Lorie, Mr. , 207. 

Lothrop, Barnabas, 102. 
Lone, 157. 

Capt. John, 268, 209, 270, 271, 
272, 273, 278, 279, 283, 284, 289, 
290. 

Lowder, Henry, 73. 

Lucia, Island of, 438. 

Lues, 355. 

Lumber, 113, 119, 120, 124, 126, 
127, 128, 168, 172, 173, 183, 203. 
see also Timber. 

Lynde, Joseph, 102. 

M 

Machias, 281. 

Indians, 383. 

River, 27, 79, 82, 84. 
McKenney, Henry, 278. 

Macphedris, Capt. , 173. 

Madockawando "I cousin to Wenon- 
Madochawando j gakewet, 10; 
signed treaty of Aug. 11, 1093, 
10. 
Madagwunesseak, 95. 
Madaumbis, 11. 



INDEX 



487 



Madeira Wines, 115. 
Madumbessuck, 181. 
JIaherimet. Jno., 05. 
Maine, Province of, 3, 57, 127, 120, 
135, 136, 149, 423, 425, 431, 
432, 434, 436, 450, 451, 453, 
454, 455, 459, 463, 408. 
Malalemet, 372. 
Manahadas, 77. 
Manning, Niche, 11. 

Manoor, Lieut. , 308. 

Manufactures, 111, 112, 122, 123, 

142, 143, 261, 414. 
Maquas, the, 64, 65, 95, 185, 192, 

295. 
Marblehead, 100, 208, 209, 212, 
314, 342, 353, 397. 
Fort at, 108. 
March, Lieut James, affidavit of, 
303; mentioned, 304. 
Lieut. John, 147. 
Markham, Lieut. Moses, 246, 342. 
Marks of, 

Ahanquil, 11. 
Arressegontoogook, 401. 
Aten, 447. 
Avpansomech, 11. 
Bomageen, 11. 
Boney, Kobin, 11. 
Edgeremet, 10. 
Epagned, 447. 
Katerramogis, 10. 
Loron, 447. 
Madackawando, 10. 
Madaumbis, 11. 
Moxist, 10. 
Nathaniel, 11. 
Nitamemet, 11. 
Phil-Ousa, 11. 
Quonach, 447. 
Sunc, 401. 
Webenes, 11. 
Weenokson, 10. 
Wenungenit, 366. 
Wessembomet, 10. 
Woweenock, 401. 
Wywornev, 401. 
Marquoit, 245, 246, 247, 248, 255. 
Marshall, Grace, 427. 
Mary, Queen, 8, 131. 
Mascarene "( Paul; Governor of 
Maskarene J Nova Scotia, 412. 
Massachusetts, 7, 8, 0, 17, 10, 33, 
.34, 42, 45, 52, 55, 57, 87, 88, 98, 
104, 106, 111, 114, 116, 117, 
119, 123, 143, 144, 149, 151, 
1.52, 156, 163, 166, 19.5, 200, 
222, 237,. 263, 293, 295, 296, 
309, 319, 332, 341, 356, 358, 
362, 367, 375, 378, 412, 423, 



Massachusetts, continued. 

424, 425, 431, 436, 437, 447, 
449, 459, 468. 
Masts, 15, 40, 41, 120, 125, 136, 187, 
158, 169, 171, 172, 173, 294, 
295, 412, 428, 429, 432, 434, 
444, 44G, 454, 458, 462, 463. 
men, 136. 
ships, 428, 459. 
Mather, tlie Rev. Increase, 6. 

the Doctors, 165. 
Maylem, Joseph, 427. 
Meadows, Ph., 57, 87. 
Mechisipi, fort at, 69. 
Mediterranean Sea, 112. 
^Meeting, a praying, 375, 403. 
Memorandum of Gyles, Capt. 

John, 388. 
Memorials of. 

Council and Representatives oi 

Massachusetts, 98, 102. 
Gyles, Capt. John, 358, 359, 387. 
Lechmere, Thomas and others, 

260, 265. 
Massachusetts in regard to re- 
ligion, 130. 
Nelson, John, 20, 21, 25. 
Rayment, Lieut. William, 52, 54. 
Romer, Wolfgang Wilhelm, 45, 

52. 
Touching the trade •with In- 
dians, 1. 
Mendon, 64. 
Menis, 351, 396. 
Mentrie, 25, 75. 

Lord of, see Alexander, Sir Wil- 
liam. 
Mereliquish Kq jjo o, 
Merlequash \ ^^' ^^' ^'^• 
Merrimac River, 8, 241, 350, 431. 
Merry Meeting, 93, 150, 410. 
Messages of, 
the Governor, 411. 
Dummer, 417, 418, 420. 
Metropolis of America, the, 262, 
443. 

Michel, Mr. , of Spurwinck 

killed, 193. 
Miles, Morgan, 200. 
Militia, the, 106, 270. 
Millett, Tliomas, 328. 
Mitton, Michael, 427. 
Minas, 18, 19, 124,351, 356. 
Ministers for Indians, 50, 60, 85, 
94, 133, 385; see also Clergy- 
men. 
Minot, John, letters of, 208, 209, 
250, 254, 342, 347; mentioned, 
240. 
Stephen, 342, 3-17. 



488 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Minzier, Mr. , 171. 

Mississsippi, fort at, 69. 

River, 109, 113. 
MitcheH's, 186. 

Mr. of Spurwink, 193. 
Modochawando, 10. 
Mohawks, the, 153, 15", 194, 195, 
207, 209, 230, 246, 272, 394. 
the French, 272. 
the Praying, .386, 387, 392. 
Mohegans, the, 65, 72. 
Moidores, 158. 
Molasses, 112, 260. 
Monhegan, 203. 

Indians, 72. 
Montegue, the Duke of, 438. 
Montinecous Islands, the, 355, 357, 

360, 365. 
Montreal, 109, 113, 157, 207, 233, 
242, 328, 329, 370. 

Moody, Capt. , 327, 354. 

Dr. , 184. 

Maj. , 152. 

Moore, Ebenr , 191. 
Morril, Nicho., 191. 

Moulton,. Lieut. , 163. 

Capt. Jeremiah, letter of, 198; 
mentioned, 188, 189, 191, 194, 
202, 226, 227, 286, 289, 296, 335, 
338, 342. 
Joseph, 191. 
Mount Desert, 100, 239, 280, 300, 
449. 

Mountfort, Mr. , 349. 

Edmund, letter of, 239; men- 
tioned, 423. 
Mount Hope, 65. 
Mountsweeg Bay, 204. 
Mowson, 333. 

Moxes, 10, 72, 92, 95, 359, 362, 395, 
396, 404. 

Munrow, -, 332. 

Munsneegs Bay, 445. 
Great River, 445. 
Little River, 445. 
Muscongus, 26, 27, 83, 84, 204, 
435. 
Comijany, 441. 
River, 78, 79, 82, 441. 
Muslins, 158. 

Muster Rolls, 203, 258, 267, 285, 
286, 318, 350, 361, 390, 394, 
419. 



N 

Naktuckkt, 122. 
Narihwacks, the, 400. 
Narrackamagog i 91, 95; fort at, 
NarracomecoL-k ) 51. 



Narragansett, 123, 434. 

Narrangawawock, 356, 369, 405. 

Nathaniel, 11. 

Natick, 53, 343. 
Indians, 344. 

Nebon, Jo., 289. 

Negroes, 106, 107, 413. 

Negue, 27, 28, 29, 79, 303. 

Negus, Dr. , 183, 184. 

Nelson, John, letter of, 13, 10, 37, 
39; memorial of, 20, 21, 25; 
petition of, 16, 18, 20; men- 
tioned, 33, 35, 87, 95. 

Nemmageen, 410. 

Nenequabben, 63, 64, 

Nesket, 313. 

Nevis, 413. 

New Castle, 45, 46, 123, 222, 298, 
448. 
Horse Ferry, 46. 

New England, 1, 4, 7, 12, 13, 14, 
16, 17, 18, 21, 26, 28, 29, 30, 31, 
33, 37, 39, 41, 47, 49, 51, 52, 56, 
58, 61, 74, 77, 79, 80, 81, 87, 88, 
97, 98, 117, 127, 128, 130, 135, 

142, 143, 145, 152, 156, 157, 159, 
163, 164, 165, 169, 173, 195, 
208, 233, 236, 260, 263, 265, 
293, 296, 302, 303, 332, 340, 
372, 411, 415, 423, 428, 429, 
431, 434, 435, 436, 437, 440, 
448, 451. 

Council of, 340. 
New Hampshire, 18, 45, 54, 55, 61, 
62, 66, 100, 101, 105, 120, 137, 

143, 144, 145, 157, 159, 166, 
167, 168, 170, 173, 174, 179, 
222, 228, 309, 317, 323, 328, 
416, 429, 431, 432, 434. 

New Jersey, 235. 

New Oxford, .59, 68, 69. 

New Plymouth, see Plymouth, 
Mass. 

New Roxbury, 59. 

New Scotland, 84. 

New York, 20, 21, 23, 29, 30, 42, 45, 
55, 56, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 77, 
81, 82, 85, 100, 101, 108, 109, 

144, 152, 234, 295, 328, 442. 
Newberry, 180, 267, 287, 297, 298, 

307, 354, 381, 382. 
Newcastle, the Duke of, 263, 457, 

458, 468. 
Newfoundland, 12, 19, 107. 
Newman, Henry, agent for N. H,, 

145, 168. 
Newport, 329. 
Newton, Hilbert, 265. 
Newtown, 48, 49, 305. 
Nicholson, Gen. Francis, 437. 



INDEX 



489 



Nitamemet, 11. 

Noble, Ensign , 316, 320, 378. 

Norridgewock, 10, 72, 05, 157, 176, 
216, 218, 222, 225, 22(3, 228, 
229, 230, 246, 324, 342, 343, 
347, 34P, 356, Soil, 369, 385, 
392, 400, 401, 402, 405, 410, 
436; fort at, 49, 91, 108. 
Indians, 157, 176, 223, 365, 368, 
372, 380, 382, 394, 395, 400, 
402, 406, 413. 

North Carolina, 456. 

North Yarmouth, 149, 150, 212, 
327, 335, 354, 426. 

Northlield, 211. 

Norwich, 179, 180. 

Nottingham, 431. 
the Earl of, 2, 4, 7. 

Nova Scotia, 14, 16, 18. 20, 21, 23, 
25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 32, 33, 34, 35, 
38, 47, 57, 77, 78, SO, 81, 82, 83, 
84, 86, 87, 108. 110, 118, 144, 
177, 285, 294, 321, 323, 351, 412, 
436, 437, 444, 450, 451, 452, 454, 
455, 466, 469. 
Barons of, 25, 28, 75. 

Nowell, Capt. , 285. 

Peter, 197, 198. 

Noyce \ Col. , instructions to, 

Noyesj 287; mentioned, 161. 

Nutting, Ebenezer; 195, 278. 



O 



Oaks, 4.33, 434, 456. 
Oil, Whale, 112. 
Olbeni, see Albany. 

Oldershaw, Mr. , 433. 

Oliver, Capt. , 286, 310, 311, 

Lieut. , 161. 

Oramaway, 401, 407. 
Onedahauet, 386. 
Onondage's Castle, 70. 
Omery, L', 83. 
Orange, 42. 
Orders to, 

Harmon, Col., and Moulton, 
Capt., 335. 

Smitli, Cai.t. Thomas, 329. 

White, Capt., and Wyman, 
Capt., 318. 
Ossipee Pond, 268, 269, 271, 278, 
283, 290. 

River, 193, 289. 
Otis, Col. , 275. 276. 

Jno., 326. 

Joseph, 427. 
Otter Creek, 358. 
(Jusa, Phil, 11. 



Owaneco, 65. 
Oyster River, 3.31. 



Palatines, the, 457, 464. 

Paper money issued, 110; see Bills 

of Credit. 
Paris, 13, 16, 35. 

Parker, Mr. , 232. 

Sergt. , 300, 302. 

James, letter of, 230, 231. 
Partridge, Col. Samuel, letters of, 
364, 365, 374; mentioned, 359, 
371, 381. 
William, 56. 
Pass, a desired by Davenport, 
Richard, 184, 185. 
for Saccamakten, 180. 
Corns, 200. 
Passamaquoddy, 244, 280, 281, 285, 

300, 312, 446. 
Patents, Charters and Grants, 
Alden, Capt. John, 61. 
Alexander, Sir William, 25, 74, 

75, 83, 84. 
Beauchamp and Leverett, 434. 
Boston, 443. 
Charles I, 130. 
Cromwell, Oliver, 83, 84. 
D'Aulnay, Charles de Menon, 

177. 
Georgia, Province of, 443. 
La Tour, Charles de St. Etienne, 

27. 
Limerick, the Earl of, 56, 57, 102. 
Massachusetts Bay, 3, 17, 127, 

467. 
Muscongus, 441. 
New England, 134. 
Nova Scotia, 82. 
Temple, Sir Thomas, 15, 40. 
William and Mary, 131. 
York, Duke of, 20. 
Paul, Jacob, .300. 
Peace, see Treaties. 
Pearis, 405. 
Peas, 113. 
Pegnohket, 44. 
Pegwoket, 108. 
Pejepscot, 163. 
Peknabowet, 371. 

Pell, Mr. , 179. 

Peltries, 1, 2, 15, 78. 
Pemaquid, treaty of 1693 at, 7; 
surrendered, 12, 449, 4.52, 455; 
4.59, 465; Iberville at, 12; fort 
at to be rebuilt, 13, 449, 4.57; a 
boundary, 15, 26, 27, 78,^ 79, 



490 



DOCTJMENTAEY HISTORY 



Pemaquid, continued. 

82, 84; would have of impor- 
tance, 47; why surrendered, 
47, 48; fort needed at, 48; Earl 
of Limerick desired grant of, 
56, 102; already granted, 57; 
Capt. Harmon ordered to the 
neighborhood of, 204; Capt. 
Cromwell ordered to cruise 
near, 280; Boyes and Cargill 
petition for land in, 439; set- 
tlement to begin at, 440, 444, 
446, 449, 451; boundary of, not 
to be extended, 447; Dunbar, 
the new Gentleman of, 447; 
Dunbar rebuilt fort at, 449, 
450, 452, 455, 457, 459, 464, 465; 
Dunbar settled people at, 455; 
of an important situation, 457; 
formally of note, 459; a saga- 
more offered to sell it to Dun- 
bar, 461; but gave it to the 
king, 461 ; mentioned, 441, 442, 
456, 458; fort at, 3, 7, 12, 13, 
42, 47, 48, 99, 449, 450, 452. 
River, 47. 

Penhallow, Justice, , 192, 

Capt. John, letters of, 150, 196, 
197, 199, 200, 224; mentioned, 
147, 162, 185, 205, 290, 292, 301, 
391. 
Samuel, 56. 

Pennecook ) ^^ ^^ gg g. gg j^g 

Pennycook ) > » ' ' i 
Indians, 44, 53, 64, 65, 68, 72. 

Pennsylvania, 440. 

Penobscot, title to, 25, 30; an Eng- 
lish plantation, 26, 30, 75, 81; 
La Tour built a fort at, 26; 
resigned to the English, 26, 
78; made over to Temple and 
Crowne, 27, 78, 84; Temple 
sold his interest to Crowne, 
27, 79, 84; Temple captured 
the fort at, 28; restored to 
Crown, 28; Temple governor 
of, 28, 79; leased, 28, 29, 79; 
delivered to the French, 29, 
76, 80, 81, 83, 87; the Dutch 
at, 29, 78, 81; under the juris- 
diction of New York, 29, 81; 
John Crowne petitioned for, 
29, 30; by right it belonged to 
the English, 30; John Crowne's 
title to, 74, 82, 87; Willet sent 
to, 75; D'Aulney bound for, 
75, 76; given to La Tour, 77; 
La Tour governor of, 78; Wil- 
liam Crown dwelt at, 79; to 
be planted, 81; basis of the 



Penobscot, continued. 

claims of the French, 87, 176, 
177; Indians at, 110, 144, 215; 
soldiers march to, 162, 218, 
222; Le fevre has no right 
there, 176, 177; expedition 
against, 215, 221, 260; sloops 
ordered to, 221; new route to, 
222; Indians may infest the 
coast of, 280; Indians at, to be 
watched, 280, 281, 305, 306; 
Indians planted corn, 305; the 
government sent to vessel, 
with flag of truce to, 309; 
Wenungenit, sachem at, 365, 
366, 375, 386; a missionary at 
endeavored to prevent the 
proposed treaty, 367; Indians 
hold a meeting at, 386, 404, 
410; mentioned, 11, 20, 25, 83, 
84, 155, 181, 216, 218, 230, 245, 
311, 370, 438, 447; fort at, 154, 
155 156 
Bay, 154, 244, 312, 438. 
Indians, letters of the chiefs, 
446; mentioned, 58, 92, 108, 
176, 216, 223, 289, 299, 301, 306, 
317, 318, 322, 323, 330, 339, 349, 
.351, 355, 357, 360, 865, 372, 380, 
382, 38.3, 387, 395, 397, 401, 404, 
405, 406, 407, 410, 411, 413, 430, 
445, 460, 461. 
River, 8, 27, 47, 57, 58, 108, 146, 
217, 226, 280, 281, 434, 435, 437, 
438. 
Pentagoet, 20, 83, 311. 
Pepperell, Col. William, letters of, 
190,340,341; mentioned, 348. 
William Jr., 191. 
Pequaharet, 11. 

Pequakett, 108, 182, 232, 268, 270, 
271, 279, 289, 410. 
Indians, 380. 

Perkins, Mr. , 182. 

Pernooduck, 202. 

Perot, , an interpreter, 33. 

Perpooduck, see Purpooduck. 

Perry, , of Spurwink, house 

burned, 212. 
Pesomscott, see Presumpscot. 
Petitions of, 

Armstrong, Robert, 302. 
Boyes and Cargill, 439. 
Crowne, John, 82, 86. 
Falmouth, 420, 421. 
Heirs of the Proprietors of Fal- 
mouth, 423. 
Jones, Samuel, 419. 
Limerick, the Earl of, 56. 
Nelson, John, 16, 18, 20. 



INDEX 



491 



Petitions of, continued. 

Woodsicle, James, 163. 
Petit River, 280, 281. 
Philip, King, 05. 

Phillips, Col. John, 87, 95, 158, 
16G, 444. 
Ei chard, Governor of Nova 

Scotia, 110, 111, 451, 452. 
Walter, 445. 
Phipps, Capt. Samuel, 150. 

Sir William, 2, .3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 
19, 34, 170. 
Physicians, need in army, see Doc- 
tors. 

Pines, 119, 135, 138, 412. 428, 429, 

432, 433, 450, 456, 402, 469. 
Pinkerin, John, 56. 
Pipe Staves, 354. 
Piracy, 101. 
Pirates, 214, 280, 396, 404; see also 

under Privateers. 
Piscataqua, 12, 60, 61, 02, 153, 192, 

212, 242, 357, 300, 432, 459; 

fort at, 42. 
River, 15, 45, 46, 295, 431. 
Pitch, 433, 456. 
Plaisted, Capt, Elisha, 172. 
Plymouth, Mass., 26, 75, 81, 100, 

212, 303. 
Council, 434, 436, 441, 455. 
Point Barbekin, 47. 
Pollexfen, J., 67, 87. 
Popple, Allured, 291. 

William, 21, 105, 114, 125, 128, 

129, 143, 412, 449. 
Population of Massachusetts, 106, 

117. 
Port Royal, 3, 18, 19, 20, 21, 77, 

83, 80; fort at, 97. 
Portsmouth, 46, 159, 183, 187, 222, 

250, 255, 278, 282, 283, 284, 

298, 349, .391, 392, 411, 415, 

448. 
Goal, 192. 
Portugal, 112. 
Pousland, Sanil., 427. 
Powder in trade, 1. 

Money, 145. 
Praying Meeting, a, 375. 

Prescott, Dr. , 272. 

Press, the restricted, 105, 106. 
Presumpscott River, 181, 238, 277, 



?rltchanl}l^'<^"t-J'^'^'^' ^0-^-^26. 



Priests, .see Jesuits. 
Prior, Mr. , 87. 



Privateers with Indians on board, 
212, 213, 214, 280, 284, 306; see 
also pirates. 

Proone, Nathaniel, printed a book 
without a licence, 105. 

Pullen, Elinor, 427. 

Purpooduck, 202. 
Point, 216. 

Pyke, Ensign , 188. 

Q 

QiioiTAcn, 447. 

Quack Doctor, a, 167. 

Quakers, 132, 133. 

Quebec, 58, 90, 109, 113, 114, 157, 

165. 175, 176, 438, 401, 466. 
Queries, 100, 108, 109, 110, 111, 

112, 113, 114, 117, 118, 119, 

143, 144. 
Quincy, J., 448. 
Quinovis, 307, 375, 379, 383, 388. 



K 

Rabarot, 405. 

Ragatewawongan, 10, 11. 

Ralle, Sebastian, 175, 178, 223, 
369. 

Ramesay, Claude de. Governor of 
Montreal, 113. 

Rawson, Rev. , 69, 

Ray, John, 170. 
Nathl., 265. 

Payment, Lieut. William, Memo- 
rial of, 52, 54. 

Recancourt, 242. 

Relation of Alden, Col. John, 57, 
60, 62. 

Religion, Memorial of Massachu- 
setts in Regard to, 130. 

Rendax, the, 336. 

Render, James, 50. 

Report of Cook, Elisha, 149. 
on Crowne's Petition, 86. 

Resolutions in regard to settling 
the Eastern parts, 354. 

Revenue Commission, 30. 

Rhode Island, 122, 123, 268, 295, 
323, 329. 

Richardson, Capt. Robert, 271. 

Richmond, 1-18, 150, 183, 184, 188, 
194, 198, 204, 206, 207, 217, 218, 
225, 220, 247, 250, 312, 342, 
388, 400, 400, 407, 409, 410; 
fort at, 206, 243, 400, 407. 

River of Canada, .see St. Lawrence 
River. 

Kobin, an Indian, 92, 93. 



492 



DOCUIVIENTAEY HISTORY 



Robinson) Capt. David, GG, G7,70, 

Robison [71,73,74. 

Robeson j 

John, 421, 427. 
Jno., 427. 

Rockamagook, 333. 

Romer, Wolfgang Wilhelm, his con- 
siderations concerning forts, 
42, 43; memorial of, 45, 52; 
forts built under his direc- 
tions, 100. 

Rose, Joshua, 164, 155, 156. 

Rowley, 290. 

Rowsick Island, 48. 

Rum, Indians want none sold, 89; 
in trade, 2G0; not to be kept 
entirely from the Indians, 345; 
a cask of, lost, 389. 

Russell, Ja., 102. 

Rutland, 175. 

Ryswick, 25, 37, 97, 104, 43G, 455. 



Sabin, Eben, G4. 
John, 03, G4, G5, 69. 

SaccamaktenVjgo jgj 249. 

Sackamaten J ' ' 

Saccaristis, 249, 289, 290. 

Saco, 51, 169, 192, 204, 350; fort 
at, 13, 85. 
Falls, 51, 181, 194, 199, 203, 2.32, 

274, 335, 351, 400. 
Mills, 244. 
Pond, 269. 

River, 8, 50, 181, 186, 193, 203, 
204, 212, 238, 268, 277, 283, 
350, 351, 417. 

Safransway, 156, 157. 

Sagadahoc, 57, 203, 205. 

St. Castine, Jean Vincent, Baron 
de, refused submission to Eng- 
land, 20; his house pillaged, 
20; instigated Indian war, 21; 
traded with Alden, 58; hoped 
to become an English subject, 
58; feared to write to the gov- 
ernor of New England, 58; 
family of, 58; married an In- 
dian, 58; a chief of the Indians, 
58; would not visit the French 
governor, 58; exposed the de- 
signs of the French, 59. 
Joseph Debadis de, his vessel 
taken by the English, 313, 314, 
326, 327; used treacherously, 
314, 326; desired to be paid 
for his loss, 314; his story de- 
nied, 826, 327; a letter of his 
read at the conference, 386; 



St. Castine, Joseph Debadis de, 
continued. 

brought message to Capt. 
Gyles, 430; mentioned 300, 304. 

St. Croix River, 20, 40, 47, 58, 78, 
84, 87, 280, 436, 440, 452. 

St. Denniscourt, 74, 75. 

St. Estienne, see La Tour. 

St. Fran(?ois, 242, 410, 411. 

Indians, 241, 364, 371, 372, 375, 
380, 382, 402. 

St. Georges, 146, 150, 154, 161, 182, 
186, 204, 215, 217, 218, 219, 239, 
240, 299, 304, 308, 818, 322, 331, 
332, 348, 351, 357, 362, 365, 374, 
378, 383, 388, 392, 403, 409, 410, 
430, 440, 456; fort at, 146, 154, 
156, 181, 244, 245, 250, 290, 318, 
322, 330, 331, 374, 430. 
River, 15, 35, 40, 41, 46, 47, 80, 
86, 164, 176, 181, 205, 245, 318, 
322, 355, 366, 375, 379, 385, 409, 
418, 446, 447, 456, 459. 

St. Johns, 12, 40, 58, 312, 383, 386, 
466; fort at, 77, 83, 86. 
Indians, 405. 

River, 32, 40, 77, 281, 289, 299, 
344. 

St. Lawrence River, 14, 113, 114, 
429, 438. 

Sakenelakud, 371. 

Salem, 6, 83, 61, 100, 142, 143, 314; 
fort at, 108. 

Salisbury, 373. 

Salmon Falls, 194, 199, 274, 275, 
431. 
Fishing, 50. 

Salt, 114. 

Salter, Capt. , of Isle of 

Shoales, 212. 

Saltonstall, Gov. Gurdon, 209, 237. 

Salutation of Wenoggenet, 390. 

Saunders, Capt. Thomas, instruc- 
tions to, 285; letter of, 238, 
229; mentioned, 215, 217, 238, 
240, 297, 304, 306, 307, 308, 310, 
329, 330, 373, 381, 389, 393, 396, 
398, 399, 403, 409. 

Savages, see Indians. 

Saw Mills, 124, 412, 432, 454, 463. 

Sawyer, , 243, 244. 

John, 421, 427. 

Sayes, Col. , 179. 

Sayward, Joseph, 191. 

Scales, 186. 

Scalps, 230, 280, 283, 288. 

Scarborough, 152. 

Schenectady, 42. 

Schohanadie Indians, the, 382. 



INDEX 



493 



Schuyler, John, letters of, 2o3, 234, 
240, 241: mentioned, 256. 
Myndert, 373. 

Scotland, 16, 17, 74. 

Scouts, see under Soldiers. 

Seals eaten by Indians, 156. 

Sebacomon, 379, 393. 

Sebago Pond, 181. 

Secanecto, 124, 396. 

Sedgewick, Maj. ,26. 

Sergeant, Peter, 102. 

Serges, 142. 

Servants, white sold in the Prov- 
ince, 106, 107. 

Sewall, Jno., 427. 
Saml., 102, 427. 

Shapley, Xicho., 191. 

Sharp, Richard, letter of, 157, 159; 
mentioned, 166, 167, 169. 

Sheconneto. 124, 396, 

Sheep, 122, 123. 

Sheepscot, 444. 
Great Neck, 445. 
River, 47, 204, 442, 462. 

Shepardson, William, 411. 

Sherburn, Capt. Henry, 158, 173. 

Ships, see Vessels. 

Shot in trade, 1. 

Shute, Gov. Samuel, letter of, 148; 
mentioned, 117, 119, 128, 145, 
150, 151, 153, 156, 165, 168, 171, 
251, 368, 370. 

Siganectoe, 18, 20. 

Signums, see Marks. 

Silks, 158. 

Sinclcr, John, 120. 

Six Nations, the, 295, 336. 

Skawinnadie, the, 336. 

Skillen, Benj., 421, 427. 

Slade, Mr. , Deputy, 432, 433, 

434. 

Slaves, number of in the Province, 
106. 

Slopers, Capt. Henry, 158, 

Slocum, Capt. , 182, 220, 289, 

298, 299, 304, 306, 307, 331, 332. 

Small Point, 197. 

Smith, James, (Judge), 128, 129, 
130. 
John, of Falmouth, 423. 
John, of New Hampshire, 56. 
Jolm, of North Yarmouth, 149. 
Samuel (serjeant) 182. 
Capt. Thomas, letters of, 3.57, 
358, 860, .374, 375, 388, 389; 
orders to, 329; mentioned, .331, 
342, 347, 348, 349, 398, :i99. 

Soldiers receive captives and i)lun- 
der, 3; Wells supplied with, 
43; Indians as, 60; go to Nova 



Soldiers, continued. 

Scotia and Penobscot, 78; paid 
by La Tour, 78; number of the 
militia, 106; number in Cana- 
da, 113, 118; none on pay in 
eastern forts. 144; to be re- 
leased or retained, 1.59, 160; 
desert, 161, 179, 186, 307, 329; 
army in poor condition, 161, 
marched to Penobscot, 162; 
must keep a strict watch, 183; 
dismissed. 190, 195, 196, 201; 
203, 283; few impressed, 192; 
to range the woods for In- 
dians, 194; recruits, 195; at 
Frost's garrison. 195, 196; de- 
sire to go home, 197, 198; to 
be sent in a fishing vessel, 201 ; 
behave gallantly in the west, 
201, 202; number of in the ser- 
vice, in 1724, 203; needed at 
Richmond, 206, 207; to scout 
with Mohawks, 207; needed 
from Connecticut, 209, 211; to 
go against Penobscot, 215; to 
be sent to surprise the enemy, 
225, 226; to go to Piggwacot, 
232, 233; well trained, 249; 
should have been sent to way- 
lay the Indians, 258, 266, 267, 
274; muster rolls to be made 
out, 203, 258, 267, 285, 286, 318, 
361, 390, 394; start for Cape 
Porpois, 266; bounty for, 267, 
275; at Ossipee, 268, 278; re- 
fused to remain in fort, 269, 
270; men to be impressed for, 
271, 275, 276; men from the 
east, wanted as, 279; trouble 
concerning the wages of, 285, 
286; volunteers for the cast, 
287, 290; Harmon to enlist 
men, 292; sent to Albany, 295; 
deserters to be tried, 297, 302; 
to be drawn from Berwick and 
Wells, 304, 310; desire to 1)e 
dismissed, 311 ; dismissed, 312; 
(Jrant's volunteers to be dis- 
banded, .318, 319; to go to 
Berwick to equip, 320; not to 
be marched out of the Prov- 
ince, 32.>; delay at Falmouth, 
327; to march to Berwick, 333, 
335; under Grant to go to 
Norridgewock, 347; a list of 
dead and missing wanted, .347; 
forces tt( be reduced, 353; re- 
leased, 392, 393. 

Solomon, 64. 

Sosei), 410. 



494 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



South Carolina, 345, 436. 

South Hampton, 107. 

Southack, Capt. Cyprian, 46, 72, 

344. 
Southwell, Edward, 117. 
Southworth, Lieut. Edward, .306. 
Spain, 112, 158, 173, 413, 434, 449. 
Spruce 456, 462. 
Spurwinck, 193, 212, 243, 296, 306. 

Garrison at, 292. 
Stacy, Samuel, letter of, 352. 
Stage Gut Point, 51. 
Stamford, Lord, .57, 87. 

Stanford, Ensign , 815, 316. 

Steel, in trade, 1. 
Stepney, George, 57, 87. 
Sterling, Earl of, see Alexander, 

Sir William. 
Stevenson, .James, letter of, 352. 
Stoddard, Col. John, letter of, 298, 

299; mentioned 236, 305, 30G, 

308, 309, 310, 338, 352, 359, 364, 

371, 374. 
Stoodly, see Studley. 
Storehouse at Casco Bay, 419. 
Storer, Joseph, 45. 
Storey, Mr. , of Portsmouth, 

167. 
Stoughton, Lieut. Gov. William, 

refused to sit on the bench at 

Charlestown, G, 7; letters of, 

34, 84, 86; mentioned, 30, 32, 

87. 
Studley, Capt. James, 1.58, 109, 170, 

171. 
Sturgeon, 156. 

Subercase 1 t-* • i * ^ i^^ 

SubrecaseP^"'^^^"^^^^^^'^^^- 
Submission of Eastern Indians, 7. 
Suffolk County, 42. 
Sugar, 260. * 

Sunc, Pere, 401, 407. 
Surinam, 112. 
Swasey, Capt. John, testimony of, 

32. 

T 

Taoonnet "I 10, 356, 392, 400, 401, 
Taconnock / 404, 406. 
Tailer, William, 211. 

Talbert, Mr. , 161. 

Tallcott, Peter, 232. 
Tappan, see Toppan. 
Tar, 120, 124, 433, 456. 
Tarah, Thomas, 300. 

Tarbox. Mr. , 281, ."28. 

Tarr, Mr. , master of the sloop, 

411. 
Taylor, John, 136. 
Teas, 158. 



Teconet, 10; see also Taconnet. 

Temple, Capt. , 163. 

Sir William, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 
22, 27, 28, 29, 30, 40, 47, 78, 
79, 80, 81, 83, 84. 

Terceira, 413. 

Testimony of, Swasey, Capt. John, 
and Jeggels, Capt. William, 
32, 33. 

Thacher, John, 102. 

Thames River, 70. 

Thaxter, Col. Samuel, letter of, 
241, 242; mentioned, 178. 

Thomas, William, 427. 

Tilton, Capt. , 200. 

Timber, 15, 40, 46, 98, 158, 294, 
295, 354, 355, 434, 440, 452; 
see also Lumber. 

Title to Penobscot, 25, 30. 

Titmouse Island, 160. 

Tom, Capt. , 63. 

Toppan, the Rev. Christopher, 
claims of, 445; letter of, 354, 
355; mentioned, .367. 

Topsham, Eng., 106. 

Totems, see Marks. 

Townsend, Col. Penn, 87, 95, 102, 

Toxas, 410. 

Trade, memorial concerning with 
Indians, 1; commodities used 
in, 1; Hunt's illicit, 2; to be 
governed by the English, 9; 
locality of New England's 
chief, 18; hindered, 22, 23, 
295; the French threaten con- 
cerning, 31; design of the 
French, 38; value of the Pis- 
cataqua River for, 46; value of 
Pemaquid for, 47; the fishing 
the principal of New England, 
51; with Indians desired, 75, 
85, 99, 323, 344, 345; treaty 
concerning, 89, 90; at Quebec, 
109; at Montreal, 109; on the 
Mississippi, 109; a fort at 
Canso would assist, 110; dis- 
couraged by lack of coinage, 
110; paper money issued, 110; 
to prevent illicit, 111; com- 
modities issued, 112; of Can- 
ada, 113; laws concerning, 114, 
115, 116; questions concern- 
ing, 118; a pernicious material 
in, 122; wool, 123; with In- 
dians, 239; concerning duties 
and freighting, 260; with Great 
Britain, 261; injured by Bills 
of Credit, 261, 262, 263, 264, 
265, 291, 467; value of the fish- 
eries of New England, 294; 



INDEX 



495 



Trade, continued. 

between the French and In- 
dians, 323; none with Indians 
till after the jieace, 3.'^>0; at a 
stand still, 413; Bills of Credit 
and the, 413, 414; balance in 
favor of England, 414; the In- 
dians', 417; should be free in 
the Province of Georgia, 444; 
if just with the Indians they 
will be friendly with the Eng- 
lish, 449; will improve when 
a fort is built at Pemaquid, 
455. 

Lords Commissioners of, 18, 21, 
25, 37, 41, G6, 67, 72, 82, 86, 
104, 114, 130, 142, 143, 157, 105, 
106, 221, 260, 291, 290, 302, 303, 
340, 3G8, 436, 439, 440, 441. 444, 
448, 451, 452, 453, 454, 457, 464, 
465, 466. 
Trading Houses, at Casco Bav, 74. 
85, 99, 419; wanted at Merry 
Meeting, 93; for the Maquas, 
185; the keeper of one a rogue, 
254; will keep the Indians in 
the interest of the English, 
344; Indians supplied with all 
necessaries at the, 363; amount 
of furs at, 403; talk of moving 
one, 404; new master desired 
at Winter Harbor, 416; men- 
tioned, 361, 362, 363, 366, 461. 
Trask, Samuel, redeemed, 304; to 

be a pilot, 304. 
Treaties of, 

Albany, (Oct., 1700), 88. 

Breda, (July 31, 1067), 14, 17, 19, 
29, 35, 40, 87. 

Casco, (June, 1701), 87, 95, 395, 
406, 469. 

Neutrality, (1686), 22, 31, 37. 

Pemaquid (Aug. 11, 1693), 7, 10, 
13, 176. 

Ryswick, (Sept. 10, 20, 1697), 
21, 25, 37, 97, 104, 436, 455, 
459. 

Utrecht, (April 11, 1713), 177, 
178, 294, 368, 437. 
Treaties with. 

Eastern Indians, (1725), 250,353. 

Maquas, (Oct., 1700), 9.5. 

Mohawks, ( 1724), 209. 

Norridgewocks, (July 10, 1727), 
382, 394, 406, 407, 409, 410, 419. 

Penobscots, St. Johns and Cai)e 
Sable Indians, (1725), 298, 299, 
323, 351, 385, 413. 

St. Francois Indians, (1725), 241, 
371, 380. 



Trees, 98, 119, 120, 134, 136, 137, 
140, 158, 172, 4.32, 433, 434, 446, 
450, 454, 456, 462, 469. 

Trescot, Ensign , 2-57, 266. 396. 

Mr. , 381. 

Zeoh., letters of, 156, 157, 207, 
208. 
Trois Rivieres, 109. 
Truck Houses, .see Trading Houses. 

Master, 361, 418. 
Turpentine, 112, 124. 
Tyler, John, 427. 
Tvng, Edward, 427. 
■^Capt. Edward, 424. 
Eleazer, letters of, 268, 269, 271, 
272, 277; mentioned, 270, 283. 

U 

Utkeciit, 177, 178, 294, 368, 4-37. 

V 

Van Brugh, Peter, 334, 336, 337. 

Van Rensselaer, Henrich, 334, 373. 

Vaudreuil, Philip de Rignaud, 

Marquis de, 175, 207, 223, 233, 

234, 236, 293, 352. 

Vaughan, Mr. , of Piscataqua, 

357, 360. 

William, letter of, 390, 391. 
Vernon, James, 18, 65, 67. 
Vessels, number of and tonnage of 
those belonging to Massaclui- 
setts, 111, 114; duties on, 115, 
116, 117; number of the French 
in the fisheries, 114; the Pe- 
nobscots seize some belonging 
to the English, 280; Indians 
use them to infest the shore, 
284; stolen to use in fishing, 
289; seized at Cape Neger, 303; 
taken from Indians, 304; In- 
dians stole those belonging to 
Stacy and Chapman, 352, 353; 
mast ship of New Hampsliire, 
459. 

Dolphin, .32. 

Endeavor, 169. 

Elizabeth, 73. 

Envieux, 31. 

Industry, 411. 

Lancaster, 172. 

Martha, 419. 

Merry Meeting, 284, 298, 329. 

Renomce, (i!). 

Samuel and Mary, 4. 

Sarah, 457. 

Sea Flower, 473. 

Sparrow, 32. 

Stratton's, 148. 



496 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Vessels, continued. 

Victor, 357, 360, 381, 306. 
Villebon, Chevalier de, letter of, 

30, 32; mentioned, 34, 40. 
Vineyard, the, 267. 

Vo, Capt. , 245. 

Volunteers, see under Soldiers. 
Vuarre, 74, 

W 

Wagkr, one guinea against thirty, 
443. 

Wainwright, John, letters of, 213, 
298, 299; mentioned, 305, 306, 
308, 309. 
Samuel, truckmaster, letter of, 
430, 431; mentioned, 430. 

Waldo, Cornelius, 423. 
Samuel, 422, 427. 

Waldron, Richard, 56, 60, 61, 125. 

Walker, Benj., 423. 
John, 423. 

Walove, Mr. , agent for mast 

contractor, 454, 463. 

Walton, Col, Shadrach, 153, 1.55, 
156, 190, 252, 298, 308. 

Wampum Belts, 336, 376, 377, 386, 
390, 395, 399, 408. 

Wandol, Jacob, 157. 

Wanopolas Rial \ .qn 

Wenopolas / ■*"*"• 

Wasahombomet, 95. 

Water Mills, 260. 

WaAvenorawot, 386. 

Wawhe, 371. 

Weaver, Mr. , 66, 67, 68, 70, 

71. 

Webenes, 11. 

Weeks, Nicholas, 191. 

Weenokson, 10. 

Wells, suitably supplied with sol- 
diers, 43; desired ammunition, 
43; Indians about, 51, 52, 53, 
151, 152, 189; soldiers to be 
drawn from, 232, 304; a head- 
quarters for troops, 287; Noyes 
ordered to, 287; men to go to, 
291; troops at dismissed, 312; 
to be guarded, 332; mentioned, 
315, 316, 332; fort at, 186. 

We-na-muggen, 405. 

Wenegonett "| letters of, 365, 

Wenoggenet I 366, 409; men- 

Wenogonet I tioned, 10, 358, 

Wenongahewet [ 362, 370, .375, 376, 

Wenungenit j 377, 378, 389, 394, 

Wenungennet J 395, 399, 403, 404, 
405. 

Wenemonet, 308, 309. 



Wenongahewet, 10. 

Wentworth, Capt, Benj., 172, 226 
Lieut. Gov. John, letters of, 255, 
256, 278, 279, 283, 284, 411, 415, 
416, 448, 450; mentioned, 167, 
171, 271, 287, 298, 305, 311, 317, 
341, 463. 

Wessembomet, 10, 

Westbrook, Col. Thomas, letters 
of, 146, 147, 153, 155, 156, 159, 
161, 181, 182, 183, 184, 185, 187, 
188, 189, 190, 191, 192, 193, 194, 
195, 196, 197, 198, 199, 201, 202, 
203, 204, 205, 206, 207, 215, 216, 
218, 220, 221, 222, 226, 227, 238, 

243, 244, 248, 249, 259, 266, 267, 
273, 274, 275, 277, 278, 288, 289, 
290, 292, 296, 299, 300, 301, 304, 
310, 311, 312, 316, 320, 331, 332, 
333, 334, 337. 338, 339, 341, .349, 
350, 357; mentioned, 150, 179, 
182, 184, 187, 188, 190, 191, 193, 
195, 198, 212, 218, 219, 224, 225, 
232, 244, 245, 246, 247, 256, 257, 
266, 268, 279, 281, 284, 285, 286, 
288, 297, .305, 306, 307, .309, 315, 
316, 318, 319, 327, 328, .332, 333, 
339, 340, .347, 423, 427, 432. 

Western Islands, the, 413. 

Westtield, 211. 336. 

West Indies, 113, 122, 264. 

Wewenock, 242. 

Wewonorawed, 408. 

Whaleboat, service, the, 217, 218, 

244, 275, 286, 301, 307, -309. 
Whale fishery, the, 225, 347. 
Wheelwright, Col. , 187, 189, 

192, 225, 232, 233, 397, 426. 
John, letters of, 45, 151, 152. 
Capt. Samuel, letter of, 315,316; 
mentioned, 310, 333, 334. 
White Hills, the, 311. 

White, Capt. , 271, 277, 318. 

Whiting, Samuel, 269. 

Whittemore, Mr. , 162. 

Willard, Capt. , 271. 

the Rev. Joseph, killed, 175, 176. 
Josiah, letters of, 311, 312, 338, 
347, 349, .350, 351, 381; men- 
tioned, 134, 159, 211, 218, 287, 
296, 349, 419, 428, 448. 
\yillet, Capt. Thomas, 75, 76. 
William III, 8, 88, 89, 90, 92, 127, 
131, 430, 438, 460. 

Williams, Ensign , 313. 

Wincittico Falls, 445. 
Wind mills, 260. 
Wines, 115, 1.58, 169, 170. 
Wing, John. 11. 
Winick's Neck, 193. 



INDEX 



497 



Winnebessehkick, 44. 
Winnepesaukee, 204. 

Winnett, , 219. 

Winslow, Capt. , killed, 205, 

206. 

Lieut. , 162. 

Mr. , 306. 

Winsor, Court at, 326. 

Winter Harbor, 232, 298, 305, 351, 

416, 417, 418, 459; fort at, 50, 

51, 108, 148, 449. 
Winthrop, Gov. John, 53. 
Witchcraft, 4, 5, 6, 7. 
Woabaway, 375. 
Wood Island, 46. 
Woodman, John, 56. 
Woods, Sergt. Nath., 269. 

Woodside, Ensign , 255. 

Capt. James, 416, 418. 

the Rev. James, petition of, 163, 

165. 
William, letter of, 373. 
Woodstock, 63, 64, 68, 69. 
Woolens, 111, 122, 123, 142, 261, 

414. 
Woweenocks, the, letter from the 

chief of, 400, 401 ; mentioned, 

380, 405, 406, 410, 413. 
Wowenog, 392, 405. 
Wowerena, 356, 405. 
Wright, Ensign , 192. 



Wright, continued. 

Lieut. Benj., 312, 376, 378, 391, 
392, 393. 
Wummock, Aaron, 300. 
Wyllys, Ilez., letter of, 235, 237. 

Wyman, Capt. , 318. 

Wynongonet, 461. 
Wyworney, 401. 



Xavier, Francis, 396. 
Xtian, 272. 



Ya-ha-ham-ma-wit, 405. 
York. 147, 152, 160, 183, 185, 187, 
188, 189, 190, 191, 192, 194, 196, 
197, 199, 232, 238, 274, 279, 283, 
310, 311, 315, 316, 320, 321, 333, 
335, 338, 339, 342; fort at, 186. 

Mr. , 202. 

Benjamin, 243, 421, 427. 

County, 52, 108, 191, 287, 292, 
296, 354, 411, 431. 

Duke of, 29, 441; see also James 
II. 

John, 149. 

River, 190, 196. 
Young, Mr. , 275. 

Joseph, 191. 



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