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Full text of "Documentary history of the state of Maine .."

I 




F15 
M28d 

V. 11 



——in 



UNIVERSITY OF CALlFORNiA 
LOS ANGELES 




^aitt^ (iateaiogical ^oci^tg, 



Portland, Maine. 



Accession 30LD BY "O^E 

No J. 1^4^^^^^ Genealogical Society- 



. ».• 



COLLECTIONS 

OF THE 

MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

SECOND .SERIES 



DOCUMENTARY 

HISTOEY OF THE STATE OF MAINE 

VOL. XI. 

CONTAINING 

THE BAXTER MANUSCRIPTS 



EDITED 



By JAMES PHINNEY BAXTER, A.M., Litt. D. 



PUBLISHED BY THE MAINE HISTOKICAL SOCIETY, AIDED BY 
APPROPRIATIONS FROM THE STATE 



PORTLAND, MAINE 
LEFAVOR-TOWER COMPANY 

1908 



^4 '«•:?: •'■.PSF.Af.OCICA.L SOw 



Copyright 1908 
By the Maine Histoeical Society 



Press of 
Lhfavob-Toweb Compant, Portland 



F15 
WI28d 



PREFACE 



\T7ERE it not tliat a serious error was made by giving 
the documentary publications of the Maine Historical 
Society the title given to the papers read at its meet- 
ings, viz: "Collections of the Maine Historical Society," 
with the addition of " Second Series," I could commence a 
new series with this volume, but I cannot call it a third 
series, for the Society is printing a third series under the 
same title of " Collections ; " in fact, it has already printed 
another second series under the same title. I therefore think 
it best to continue future volumes of the "Documentary 
History " under the misleading title of " Second Series " 
to avoid further complications. 

JAMES PHINNEY BAXTER. . 

61 Deering Street, Portland, Maine. 
March 1, 1908. 






CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE OF CONTENTS 



PAGE 

1729 Dec. 29 Colonel Dunbab to Mr. Seobetary Popple, 1 
Dec. 30 Colonel Dunbar to the Duke of Newcastle, . 11 

1730 Jan. 13 Govr Belcher to the Lords Commissioners, . 5 
May 11 Petition of J. Wellington & als to Qovr Shute, . 12 
May 15 Govr Belcher's Memorial, fi 

1730-29 Feb. 23 Thomas Westbrook to Colonel Dunbar, . . 15 
1729-30 Mar. 7 Duke of Newcastle to the Lords Commiss", . 15 
1730-31 Mar, 5 Westmoreland & Others to Duke of Newcastle, . 17 
1729-30 Mar. 17 Narative of the People of Londonderry concern- 
ing their boundaries, 18 

1730 Apr. 15 Order of Committee of Council Referring peti- 
tion of Waldo & als to the Board of Trade, . 20 
1730-1 Jan. 19 Deposition of Thos. Pickenden, ... 21 
1730 May 25 Colonel Dunbar to Mr Secretary Popple, . 25 
June 5 Petition of the Inhabitants of Londonderry, . 23 
Aug. 19 Colonel Dunbar to Mr Secretary Popple, . . 29 
1730-1 June 6 Colonel Westbrook to Colonel Dunbar, . . 41 

1730 Sept. 6 Complaint of Josiah Grover, .... 44 
Sept. 15 Colonel Dunbar to Mr Secretary Popple, . 47 
Sept. 22 Petition of heirs of Ancient Proprietors of Fal- 
mouth, 52 

Sept. 22 Agents of Falmouth their Answer to Petition of 

Thos. Westbrook & others, .... 64 
Oct. 6 Colonel Dunbar to Mr Secretary Popple, . . 69 
Oct. 7 Agreement between Henry Hope «fc Thomas Per- 
kins & John Perkins, 60 

Oct. 7 Colonel Dunbar to Mr Jeremiah Dunbar, . . 63 

Oct. 9 Indian Deed relating to Lands near Pemaquid, 43 

Oct. 21 Colonel Dunbar to M"" Secretary Popple, . . 65 
Nov. 12 Order to restrain Govr Belcher from Military 

Execution against Fredericksfort, ... 66 
Dee. 21 Instructions of Govr Belcher to the Lieu* Govr 

and others, 67 

1730-1 Jan. 14 Govr Belcher to the Duke of Newcastle, . . 85 

1731 Apr. 14 Report of Committee on Petition of Sir Bibye 

Lake Barrt 89 

Apr. 23 Petition of Sr Bibye Lake Barrt, .... 90 

July 6 T. Pelham and Others to Govr Belcher, . . 94 



viii CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 

PAGE 

1731 July 15 Colonel Dunbar to Mr. Secretary Popple, . . 91 

July 15 Affidavit of Wentworth & Atkinson, . . 97 

July 21 Thomas Coram's Affidavit, 101 

1730 Jan. 13 Affidavit of John Blower and others, . . 106 
Jan. 28 James Alford's Affidavit, 105 

1731 July 23 Samuel Penhallow's Affidavit, .... 108 

July 21 William Clark's Affidavit, 109 

July 26 Affidavit of Ebenezer & W™ Wentworth, . 110 
Aug. 11 Kennebec and St. Croix Rivers concerning land 

between, 112 

Jeremiah Dunbar's Affidavit, .... 128 

Jeremiah Dunbar's Affidavit, .... 129 

Petition of Some Settlers in Georgia, . . 129 

1732 Memorial of Mr. Stephen Parker, . . . 131 
Sept. 20 Mr Secry Pelham to Colonel Dunbar, . . 134 
Oct. 10 Earl of Westmoreland & Others to Gov. Belcher, 131 
Dec. 30 Letter David Dunbar to Josiah Willard, . . 134 

1732-33 Jan, 26 Ebenr Hinsdell to Gov. Belcher & others, . 135 

1734 Apr. 27 Capt. Joseph Heath to L* Gov. Wm Dummer, . 137 

New Marblehead, Original Grant & List of 

Grantees, 189 

1734-5 Jan, 10 John Minot to Secretary Josiah Willard, , , 146 

Petition of Roger Kelly & als, , . . , 142 

1735 Sept. 19 Benja Larrabee to Secretary Josiah Willard, . 143 
Oct. 6 Taxes, 143 

Report for regulating the Settlement of Fal- 
mouth, 144 

Dec. 23 The Memorial of Moses Peirson, . . . 146 

1786 July 2 Deposition of John Phillips, . . . .149 

July 3 Declaration of Cyprian Southack, . . . 150 

Answer to the Compl* of the Penobscot Indians, 161 

July 5 Petition of Samuel Waldo, 156 

July 6 Petition of Samuel Waldo, .... 162 

July 26 Petition of Samuel Waldo, 164 

July 27 Petition of Samuel Waldo, .... 170 
Sept. 7 Letter to Col, Thos. Westbrook, . . . .172 

1737 Jan, 6 Letter from Noah Emery to John Higginson, . 173 
1737-8 Jan. 18 Nathl Jones & Nathan Look to Capt. Higginson 

& Co., 174 

1737 Jan. 20 Letter Noah Emery to John Higginson, . . 176 
Feb. 6 Letter Noah Emery to John Higginson, , . 176 
Dec. 17 Proprietors of Falmouth vs. Joseph Plumer, . 177 
June 13 John Higginson's Petition, 179 

1738 June 14 Capt, Jones' Deposition, 182 

July 4 Report of Committee on Colonel Dunbar's 

Petition, 



183 

Letter Secretary Josiah Willard to John Noyes, 186 



OF CONTENTS ix 

PAGE 

1738 July 18 Letter John Noyes to Seory Josiah Willard, . 186 

Aug. 4 Deposition of John Coks Junior, . . . 186 

Aug. 4 Letter Henry Wheeler to Hon, Wm, Pepperell, 188 

1738 Aug. 7 Letter Col. Wm. Pepperrell to Gov. Belcher, . 189 
Aug. 10 Letter Secry Josiah Willard to Col. Wm Pepper- 
rell, 189 

Aug. lo Letter Charles Frost to Hon. Wm Pepperrell, 190 

Aug. 18 Letter Col. Wm Pepperrell to Gov. Belcher, . 191 

Aug. 19 Letter from William Pepperrell, .... 192 

1737-48 Falmouth, Support of Schools, ... 192 

Answer to the Petition or Complaint of John 

Higginson, 195 

An Act for Erecting a Township in the County 

of York, 197 

1739 May 30 Petition of Proprietors of Marepoint, . . .199 
Mar. 13 In re Complaint Heirs David Phipen vs. Saml 

Moody, 200 

Petition of Phineas Jones, 201 

Answer to Petition of John Higginson, . . 203 
Petition of Proprietors of Neck of Land in Casco 
Bay called by name of Mereconege Neck, . 20.5 

208 
210 
211 
212 
212 
214 
215 
216 



1740 Petition of Mr. John Dennis, 

Petition of Mr. W™ McClenachan. 

June 9 Constable's Return, 

Committee Chosen, 

Letter John Gyles, 

1740 Aug. 15 Capt. Arthur Savage to Secy Josiah Willard, 
Aug. 16 Capt. Gyles to Gov. Belcher, 

Copy of Town Record, 

"The Memorial of Small Point Inhabitants,'' 216 

1741 June 16 Capt. Thns Sanders to Gov. Belcher, . . 217 
July 14 Memorial of Proprietors of Lands in North 

Yarmo, 218 

July Petition Inhabitants of Town of North Yar- 
mouth 219 

Report of Committee, 222 

Petition of Shubal Gorham Esq 223 

Feb. 23 Petition of Arthur Savage, 225 

Sept. 14 Benjn Larrabee to Gov. Belcher, . . . 224 
Answer of North Yarmouth, .... 226 
Mar. 8 Arthur Savage to Gov. W™ Shirley, . . 231 
Apr. 1 Petition of Proprs Small Point, . . . .232 
Apr. 1 Petition of Adam Winthrop, Joseph Wads- 
worth & others, 234 

Petition "April 3. 1742 Refer'd to May Session," 236 
Vote 240 

1742 June 12 Petition of Settlers of Narrhagansett Grant 

Number One, 241 



X CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 

PAGE 
1742 June 12 Petition of Inhabitants of Biddeford & Scar- 
borough, 244 

June 16 Vote, 246 

Petition Inhabitants Town of Berwick, . , 247 

Aug. 30 Govr Shirley to the Duke of Newcastle, . . 251 

Eeport of Committee, 253 

1742 Sept. 15 Govr Shirley to the Duke of Newcastle, . . 255 
Oct. 19 Joseph Plaisted to Saml Waldo, ... 268 

Oct. 28 Copy of Record, 259 

Nov. 1 Extract of Letter from Gov. Shirley to the Lord 

President, 260 

Nov. 3 Falmouth Petition, 262 

Nov. 13 Copies of Record, 264 

Nov. 16 Petition, 267 

Nov. 20 Letter Patt Motley to , .... 268 

Nov. 26 Letter Jos. Plaisted to Saml Waldo Esqr , . 269 

Dec. 9 Letter James Littell to Saml Waldo Esqr , . 269 

1743 Apr. 9 Power of Attorney, 271 

Petition, 272 

May 3 Deposition of Robert Speer, .... 275 

May 17 Deposition of Robert ffinney, .... 276 
Deposition of Robert Spear, .... 276 

Deposition of James Dunning & David Dunning, 277 
Answer to Petition of David Given, . . 277 

Petition of Select Men & Assessors of Town of 

Brunswick, 281 

May 30 Deposition of David Duning, Robert Speer, . 282 

. 283 
284 
285 
286 
287 
287 
289 
290 



June 4 Memorandum, , 

June 9 Report, 

July 21 Letter'N. Sparhawk to Saml Waldo Esqr , 

Order relating to Towns not Settled, 
July 25 Hon. W™ Pepperell to Saml Waldo, . 

Petition of Inhab^s of Mericaneag Neck, . 
Sept. 27 Letter John Murphy to Saml Waldo Esq., 

Letter Gov. Shirley to Colonels, 
Nov. 11 Letter John Gaines to SamU Waldo Esq., . . 290 
Dec. 9 Letters Cols Pepperell Moulton & Waldo to Gov 

Shirley, 291 

Jan. 25 Petition W^ Vaughan & others, . . . .292 
Mar. 13 No. Yarmouth, 294 

Copy of Record, 295 

Protest, 296 

1744 June 5 Letter Gov. Shirley to Col. Noble, . . .296 

Letter Gov. Shirley to Col. Pepperell & Col. 
Waldo, 297 

Extract from Letter of Mr Kilby, Agt. to Gov. 
Shirley, 298 



OF CONTENTS xi 

PAGE 

1744 Aug. 8 Jo Oulton to Gov, Shirley, .... 298 
Aug. 14 Col. John Bradstreet to Gov. Shirley, . . 300 

1745 June 19 William Pepperrell to the Duke of Newcastle, 300 

William Pepperrell to the Duke of Newcastle, 301 
July 30 William Pepperrell to the Duke of Newcastle, 305 
Sept. 8 Letter Capt Kobt Rutherford to Josiah Willard, 30G 
Oct. 3 Sir William Pepperrell to the Duke of New- 
castle, 308 

Dec. 24 Letter Geni Court to Sr Wm Pepperrell, . . 311 

1740 Feb. 27 Gov Shirley to the Duke of Newcastle, . . 312 
May 2 Letter Josiah Willard Secry to Capt. W"i Burnes 

& Capt. David Cargill, 31G 

May 10 Govr Shirley to the Duke of Newcastle, . . 316 

May 21 William Pepperrell to Duke of Newcastle, . . 324 

June 24 William Pepperrell to Duke of Newcastle, . 325 

May 31 Gov Shirley to the Duke of Newcastle, . . 327 

June 18 Gov Shirley to the Duke of Newcastle, . . 335 

Aug. 15 Gov"" Shirley to the Duke of Newcastle, . . 337 

Sept. 10 Govr Shirley to Paul Mascarene Esqr*, . . 340 

Nov. 15 Letter Lieut Colonel Gorham to Govr Shirley, . 341 

Nov. 21 Govr Shirley to the Duke of Newcastle, . . 343 
Extracts from Governour Shirley's Speech to the 

General Assembly, 356 

Paragraphs of French Letters from Menis to 

Govr Mascarene, 358 

1747 Apr, 11 Letter Capt. David Cargill to Gov. Shirley, . 360 
Apr. 24 De Ramsay to Deputies of Minas Ac, . . 859 
Apr. 14 Letter Gov. Knowles to Gov. Shirley, . . . 361 
Apr. 29 Govr Shirley to the Duke of Newcastle, . . 362 
May 6 Letter Capt. David Cargill to Secy Willard, . 366 
June 23 Letter Gov. Shirley to the Selectmen of Boston, 368 

Letter to Col. Moulton 368 

May 24 Declaration of French Inhabitants, , , , 370 

Inhabta of Minas to Govr Shirley, . . , 371 

Mr de Ramsay's Declaration, .... 372 

Aug. 18 Govr Shirley to the Duke of Newcastle, . . 373 
Aug. 19 Mr Bollan to the Duke of Newcastle, . . .381 

Sept. 11 Duke of Bedford to the Duke of Newcastle, . 388 
Nov. 10 Extracts of Letter from Governour Clinton to 

Governour Shirley & Governour Knowles, . 389 

Brigadier Dwight to Govr Shirley, ... 390 

1748 Apr. 2 Letter Simon Frost to Josiah Willard Secry, . 392 

Copy of Record, 393 

Copy of Record, 394 

May 7 Letter James McCobb to Gov. Shirley, . . 396 

May 9 Letter Saml Denney to Gov. Shirley, . . , 897 

May 10 Answer of Dorothy Cutter, , , , , 399 



xii CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 

PAGE 

1748 Record, 401 

May 26 Govr Shirley's Speech, 401 

May 26 Deposition of Jonas Mason, ..... 403 

Deposition of Jacob Mitchell, .... 404 

May 30 Petition Mark H. Wentworth, . . . .405 

July 3 Letter Saml Moody, 407 

Commission to Col. Miller, 408 

Aug. 24 Aaron Hinkley to L* Gov. Phips, . . . 408 

Sept. 5 Petition, 409 

Sept. 26 Warrant, 411 

Vote, 413 

Petition. Town of Wells, .... 414 

Petition. Berwick, 415 

1748 Nov. 10 Petition of the Selectmen of Falmouth, . . 423 

Message, , . . 424 

Nov. 18 Letter S"" W™ Pepperrell to Gov. Shirley, . 425 

Message, 426 

Nov. 17 List of all the Familys in Barwick above the 

river, 426 

List of Young Men rated below the river, . . 429 

Dec. 19 Signers of Petition not qualified, . . . 434 
Answer of the Town of Berwick to the Petition 

of the Inhabitants, 434 

Dec. 24 Lists of Inhabitants below Chadbourns River, 440 

Action of Council, 441 

Report of Committee on petition of inhabitants 

of Berwick, 442 

Jan. 20 Message, 443 

1748-9 Jan. 30 Petition of Inhabitants of Merriconeage, . . 445 

1748 Feb. 9 Petition Nichs Loring &c., .... 446 

Deposition, 447 

Requests of Inhabitants of Town of Wells, . 448 

1748-9 Mar. 15 Letter Secry Willard to Stroud, Esq., . . .451 

The Estate of Mary Smith to the Town of Wells, 452 

Message 453 

1749 Apr. 14 Report Accepted, 454 

Apr. 15 Petition of Inhabitants of Wells & Arundel, . 455 

Apr. 19 Answer of the two Houses to His Excy's Message, 458 

Petition of Inhabitants of Merriconeag and 

Islands adjacent, 459 

May 9 Govr Shirley to Marquis la Galissoniere, . 461 

June 14 Petition of the Selectmen of Falmouth, . . 465 

Account of Charge for Preaching, . . . 468 

Answer of the Inhabitants of the Town of Arun- 
del to the Petition of Inhabitants of Wells and 

Arundel, 468 

Answer of the Inhabitants of Wells to the Peti- 
tion of Inhabitants of Wells & Arundel, . 471 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



OF THE 



STATE OF MAINK 



Colonel Dunbar to M^ Secretary Popple. 

Boston, New England Dec"" y® 29"' 1729. 



Sir 



Since My last of the 10*** instant, I have received 
information (upon the promise I published of a reward) 
against a person who has cutt downe 76 Mast trees in the 
Province of New Hampshire. I hope from this man to gett 
a discovery of a Number of others concerned, and will pros- 
cecute them ^vith all vigour, there is more reason to hope for 
justice in that province than in the Province of Maine, which 
is under this Governm! Upon this information I sent for 
INP Waldo and JM*^ Westbrook, who provides the Masts for 
the Contractor, and desired they would take those 76 trees, 
or such of them as should be found fitt, and some whicli 
were seized & condennied last year, for his Majesty's use, 
^ych would save the like number standing, M' Waldo* ( the 
Agent for the contractor) answer was that he had agreed 
with M'' Westbrook for his whole number and could not 
take those in part, I Offered the last parcel to him, without 
a penny Expence, & those last year onely for paying y® Court 
charges in condermiation, w*^** is not above three shillings g 
tree sterling & for which I have no fund, M'" Westbrooks 



2 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

answer was that he had agreed to provide the Numbers in 
in the Contract, and haveing cutt slay roads near Casco in 
the Woods where he intended to cutt y® trees could not con- 
sent to take those in New Hampshire as part of them, I 
urged that they ought to take them, & that I believed if I 
obliged them to do it before they should cutt any others, it 
would be thought at home I did no more than my duty, but 
however I would for the present onely recommend it home, 
Captain Marwood, who comands the Kings ship on this 
station, was a witness to all this, w*^'* I desire because M"^ 
Waldo is a man that has not the best character & is mieasy 
that he is not absolute without controul, and I have heard 
has taken the liberty to threaten by his interest in England 
to have me removed, whenever I deserve it I shall desire 
nothing better, but I can promise myselfe that the severest 
Judge upon y® strictest Scrutiny shall never find cause for 
it. 

the onely reason that I can imagine for their refuseing 
these trees, is that they are such a distance from their saw 
Mills that they can make no use of such of them as they 
would convert that way, M'^ Waldo goes home in the ship 
w*^ this, as agent for a number of the Claimants for Vast 
Tracts of Land in Georgia ; he is one of the Company con- 
cerned with D'" Cook & I find dayly so many of those claims 
that if they are confirmed or allowed at home, his Majesty 
can have no Nursery reserved there for the Royal Navy, but 
the Comitry must remain for ever a wilderness. I have 
already Avrote so full upon this subject that I am very 
unwilluig to trouble My Lords Commissioners for Trade and 
Plantations any farther until I know their pleasure, but this 
I beg to add that this Gentleman, M*" Waldo is one of 
D"^ Cooks Violent ones, has raised a large subscription & 
undertaken by boasted mterest to carry the point in favour 
of the claims. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 3 

There is one difficulty attending M"" Waldo's Agency for 
tlie Mast contract, where in the Royal Lycence directed to 
me for the contractors Cutting the Masts he is expresly for- 
bid cutting one tree until viewed by me or my Deputy s, and 
as several gangs of men are imployed to search the woods for 
those trees, who carry many days provisions with them and 
live in the woods, they will loose much time if they are 
obliged to wait to have them viewed ; if my Deputys and I 
should do nothing more than attend them, we can onely 
attend so many gangs, and yet there is an absolute Necessity 
for it, as long as those people are allowed to be concerned in 
Saw Mills, and I am morever Commanded not to permit them 
to Cutt mor^, nor any other trees than are necessary to Com- 
pleate their contract, I will endeavour to discharge my duty 
as far as possible yet I fear if I keep up to the letter of the 
order there would be disappointment this Season in provide- 
ing loadings for the Mast ships, and then the service may be 
disappointed, and I may be therefore complain'd of ; If the 
winter holds open much longer without Snow as hitherto 
they can do nothing but cutt down, for without snow falls in 
this Country it is soon crusted so hard as to bear carriages of 
any weight. I humbly beg directions how to behave that I 
may not have any blame at home. 

as I was writing M"" Waldo came to me to desire I would 
give directions to M^ Slade, one of my Deputys to advise 
and assist in converting Oak, plank and Timber for the use 
of the Royal Navy, according to the desire of the Navy 
Board, and I have accordingly done so. 

He tells me at the same time that M. Westbrook is unwill- 
ing to enter upon farther contracting with him, as apprehend- 
ing that the Indulgence given by me to the loggers will put 
him under difficultys to find iNIasts, w*^'^ I think is a forced 
construction 'on it, I asked him whether the people were to 
be totally restrained from cutting any trees, and what Method 



4 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

he Avould advise and propose to keep them w*^iii bounds, for 
that as I had no view but to study y® Kings Service, I would 
gladly be informed how I might best do it ; he would have 
me to order that all tlie people belonging to the Saw Mills, 
which he says are about 150 in Number & 15 or 20 men to 
each Mill should give me an Account of the Nmnber of the 
trees intended to be Cutt for each Mill, and the places where, 
and that then my Deputys should goe uito those parts & 
Mark such trees as should be cutt, and no others ; this 
jMethod in my humble opmion would be impracticable, and 
seems to me onely intended to make me uneasj'-, and if as he 
would have noe Saw Mills worked but his OAvn, he may 
impose upon his principal, M^' Gulston by such pretences 
and if he should offer any Complaints upon that head, the 
King will be no Sufferer, when I affirm that I can have the 
Contract imdertaken by men of Substance here at 10' per ct 
cheaper, and by such as have allways distinguished them- 
selves in favour of what has been recommended hither from 
y® Crown, this Gentlemen cannot boast to be of that Number 
and is remarkable for givemg all the trouble lie can wherever 
he has any concern this is his common character, aud is what 
I should have no occasion to mention but to give an Idea of 
him in case he should attempt any Complaint. 

Thus much I have wrote to the Lords of the Admkalty 
and acquainted their Lordships that Captam Marvtood Have- 
ing done me the Honour to Call on me, I read their letter to 
hun, all w^^ he would have attested but y* it might be thought 
officious in him, he knows I could have sa3^d more aggravat- 
ing things of Mr. Waldo's usage of me, I Hope what I have 
sayd will be sufficient to prove tliat I have no View but to 
discharge my duty which must occasion iNIurmurings and 
Complaints from ungovernable people who would be under 
no Controul, and who never will behave as English Subjects 
until this Country is under another form of Government. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE O 

I this day received a letter from the Indian Chiefs of the 
Penobscot tribe signed by their Leiv* Governor or Vice King 
who was not at Fredericksburg with me, and b}' Loron the 
Ambassador they had dispatched to Canada to know the 
french Governours Opinion of the New Settlement, I send the 
Original now to my Lord Duke of Newcastle, and herewith I 
send you a Copy ; the french Govemour ad^^sed them to live 
well with the English, this will satisfye every body that the 
settlement will onely be attended Avith fateague w^'^^ I am 
willing to undergo until his Majesty pleases to appoint 
another, but I cannot appear there again until I have powers 
w*'^ should be here in March if possible, and they should be 
such ( with Submission ) as to enable me to inform a Majes- 
tracy and Militia. I humbly beg leave to recommend this to 
my Lords Commissioners consideration, and that any Artil- 
lery, small arms pioneers tools and ammunition may be 
dispatched at the same time, likewise a Seal for the New 
Province. 

Pray Sir lay this before My Lords with My humble duty, 
and do me the favour to signifye their Lordships pleasure to 
me. I am with much respect. Sir Your Most Humble and 
Obedient Servant 

David Dunbar 



G-ov'^ Belcher to the Lords Commissioners for Trade and 

Plantations. 

My Lords, 

Since I had the honour of Writing you last I have 
met the Assembly of this Province, and after recommending 
to them what I thought Needfull for his Majesty's honour 
and Service and their Own good, and in a more Especial 
Manner pressing upon them his Majest}''s 27 : Instruction 



b DOCTJMENTABY HISTORY 

for fixing a Salary on me & my Successors I Waited on them 
in a Session of Eighteen days and finding they would come 
to No Amendment on the bill they had past before I dis- 
solv'd them and now I Inclose Your Lordships a Journal of 
the proceedings at this Short Session — I have Issu'd Writts 
for a New Assembly to meet the 10 : of Next Month, and 
hope there will be such a Change as may best of all advance 
his Majesty's honour & Service, to do Which nothing in my 
power shall be wanting. But should it be Otherwise I think 
I have done but my duty to the King in dissolving the late 
Assembly. 

I have already Acquainted Your Lordships of the death of 
the late Lieut" Gov^ of New Hampshire, and that I think 
Henry Slierburn Esq^'® one of His Majesty's Council there 
would be a proper Person to Succeed Him, and I should Esteem 
your Lordships favour to Him in this Matter. The 24 : of 
last Month I reciev'd from His Grace the Duke of New- 
Castle, His Majesty's Additional Instruction dated at 
Windsor 26 : Sept^ last being for the better preservation of 
His Majesty's Woods in Conformity whereto I Issu'd a 
Proclamation in this Province and ordered Another in New 
Hampshire, One of the proclamations is now Inclosed to 
Your Lordships. I have since reciev'd from Coll*" Dunbar 
Surveyor General of His Majesty's Woods, His Majesty's 
Order in Council Dated at S* James^ 12 : Nov" last mention- 
ing A representation laid before His Majesty in Council 
That I was preparing a Military Expedition Against Freder- 
icks Fort formerly Call'd Pemaquid In this representation. 
My Lords, there is not the Shadow of Truth, Nor did I Ever 
make the least Attempt or preparation of that Nature : Yet 
I am not at all Surpris'd that Coll° Dunbar had the Folly 
and Confidence as well as Malice to make such a representa- 
tion against me ~ Because I am lately told he has Wrote 
many Other palpable falshoods Against me to do me all the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 7 

hurt in his power, but if he would Confine Himself to truth 
I should not give myself much trouble about Him. By thia 
Conveyance I send to be laid before His (jrace the Duke of 
New Castle a number of Papers relating to a Notorious 
Riott Committed by some People belonging to Frederick's 
Fort on some of his Majesty's Subjects in this Province - As 
also an Account of what I directed his Majesty's Lieut" 
Gov'' of this Province to do at Pemaquid, upon a Visitation 
I ordered him to make to ail the fortifications of this Prov- 
ince, In Obedience to his Majesty's Royal Instruction to me 
for that End. 

These things, My Lords, are the whole of what 1 have 
Ever done respectmg Frederick's Fort or the Fort formerly 
call'd Pemaquid. And how was it possible for me. My 
Lords to do less? I inclose Your Lordships a Memorial I 
deliver'd into his Majesty's Secretary of State the 15 : May 
last in Answer to which I should have been Very glad of 
some Orders or Directions for my Conduct, but Never 
reciev'd a Word of Answer till His Majesty's order in Coun- 
cil of 12 : Nov'^ last. According to the Clause of the Char- 
ter Cited m my Memorial these lands My Lords are doubt- 
less a Part of this Province, & Agreeable thereto your Lord- 
ships will find in His Majesty's Commission to me for this 
Government these Words ~ " And the lands lying between 
the said Territory of Nova Scotia, and the Province of 
Main "' And another Clause Your Lordships will find in the 
Royal Commission to me ~ " And for your better guidance 
" and direction We do hereby require and Command You to 
'* do and Execute all things in due Manner that shall belong 
"unto the Trust We have repos'd in you According to the 
" Severall Powers and Authorities mentioned in the said 
" Charter, and in these presents, & such further powers, 
" Instructions and Authorities as You shall recieve or which 
*' shall at any time hereafter be granted or Appointed jou under 



8 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

" our Sign, Manual, and Signet, or by our Order in our privy 
" council in pursuance of the said Charter and According to 
"such reasonable Laws and Statutes as are now in force or 
" which hereafter shall be made and Agreed upon in such man- 
" ner & Form, or by the said Charter is directed," By what I 
have Cited, My Lords, out of the Royal Charter & His 
Majesty's Royal Commission to me I Concieve it appears 
that these Lands are Included in both And His Majesty is 
pleased to make the Charter by his Commission a great Rule 
of my Government How dare I then disobey His Majesty 
or betray the Trust he has repos'd in me by refusing a legal 
protection to his good Subjects, when they apply to me. 
These Rioters, My Lords, have been Since legally Convicted 
in his Majesty's Courts, and must doubtless undergo the 
penalties of the Law for such a breach of His Majesty's 
Peace, and so Notorious An Assault and Riott Committed 
upon the property and Liberty of his Majesty's good Sub- 
jects. I am here, my Lords, his Majesty's Gov'" to see a 
good Execution of all his wholesome Laws for the Safety of 
his Subjects under my Care in tlieir lives and Estates, and 
to this End I will Endeavor Carefully to Use the power the 
King has delegated to me in his Royal Commission. The 
Papers I have sent to his Grace the Duke of New Castle 
Will make appear what Orders I gave to the Lieu" Gov'" and 
the Other Gent™ that Went with Him, respecting Pemaquid 
Coll** Dunbar must found His representation Either upon 
the Matter of the Riott, or the Visitation I ordered to be 
made of the King's fortifications in this Province, and sure 
then Nothing Can Appear more false than his Saying I was 
preparing a Military Expedition against Frederick's Fort 
formerly Called the Fort of Pemaquid. Nor have I Ever 
done any thing of that kind or Nature, Nor has Any thing 
like it Ever Enter'd into my thoughts. It is also false in 
Him to say, No private persons have hitherto set up any 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 9 

Claim on those lands, Because there have been a great many 
Claims made, and are made daily, and the people that Claim 
think they have a just Right ( tho not by Any Grant of this 
Province ) And one of the Men whom Coll" Dunbars People 
Riotted and Assaulted has a Claim there descended down to 
Him for 105 Years past as may be seen in his Complaint 
against those Notorious Riotters. My Lords, Every Man's 
private property &c. &c. 

I am with great Esteem, and respect, My Lords Y' Lord- 
ships Most Obedient and Most Humble Servant 

J Belcher 
Boston Janua: 13: 1730 



Reced 23'^ Feh^v \ y~^^/; 

Read 9^^ June 1731 ^^'^^/^ 



Recedw^f" M'- Belchers L^ of 13 Jan'' 'J 1730/1 
Relied 23'^ Feh'-'J 



Read 



1730/1 



Cfov^ Belcher's Memorial 

The Memorial of Jonathan Belcher Esq'' His 
Majesty's Governour of the Province of the 
Massachusetts Bay in New England. 
Humbly Sheweth 

That he hath lately received Accounts from 
New Enghmd that Col** Dunbar Surveyor of Your Majesty's 
Lands and Woods in North America hath made Settlements 
on certain Lands lying between the River of Sagadehoc and 
the Gulph of S* Lawrence, — which Lands Your Majesties 
province of the Massachusetts Bay apprehend to be part of 



10 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Lands of that province and not to be Alienated but by 
Grant from them according to the Royal Charter granted 
them by the late King Wilhara and Queen Mary of Glorious 
Memory, being m the words following Vis* " Provided also 
"that it may be lawful for the Governour and General 
" Assembly to make or pass any Grant of Lands within the 
•'bounds of the Colonies formerly called the Colonies of the 
"Massachusetts Bay New Plimouth and province of Main 
" in Such manner as heretofore they might have done by vir- 
" tue of any former Charter or Letters Patent ; Which 
" Grants of Lands within the bounds aforesaid We do 
" hereby Will and Ordain to be and continue forever of full 
force and Effect without Our further Approbation of Con- 
sent, And so as Nevertheless and it is Our Will and pleasure 
that no Grant or Grants of any Lands lying or Extending 
from the River of Sagadehock to the Gulph of S* Lawrence 
and to the Main Sea Northward and Eastward to be made or 
past by the Governour and General Assembly of Our said 
Province be of any force validity or Effect until we our heirs 
and Successors shall have Signified Our or their Approbation 
of the Same. 

And Whereas many disputes have alreadj^ arisen 
between the said Col° Dunbar and Your Majesties Subjects 
there upon this Occasion, and Your Memorialists expecting 
greater difficulties still to Arrise upon his Arrival in the 
Government, thinks it his Duty humbly to pray for Your 
Majesties plenary Instructions how to Conduct himseK in this 
Affair, and that the said Col° Dunbar may in the mean time 
be directed to withdraw from those Lands, and forbear any 
further proceedings, till the Right be fully Settled and deter- 
mined, and Your Majesties further pleasure be known therein 
I am Your Majesties Most Dutiful & Obed* 

Subject and Servant 
May 16*'' 1730. J Belcher 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 11 

Colonel Dunbar to the Duke of Newcastle. 

Boston, New England December y*' 30"' 

1729 
My Lord 

Haveing had the honour of writeing a long ~ letter 
to your Grace on the IC^*^ instant, I w*^ not now trouble you 
again but for a curiosity to send an Original letter w*^^ I 
have received from some Chiefs of the tribe of Penobscott, 
One of them Espiquet is the Vice King and esteemed the 
most Sensible man among them, Loren was sent as Ambassa- 
dour to Cannada to consult the french Governour how to 
behave towards the New Settlement, and it may be a Satis- 
faction to Your Grace that we are under no apprehensions 
from them, the interpreter, M"^ Gyles was a Captive among 
the Indians from his childhood, and now belongs to a truck 
house at S* Georges River ten leagues Eastward & farther 
along shore in Georgia than Fredericksburg, so that from 
Kennebeck River to S* Georges is about 50 Miles, enough to 
be settled until I am better Acquainted with the Indians, 
and doubt not to go as Much farther by fair means as shall 
be desired, I cannot well appear there again until I receive 
Powers to form a Majestracy and jNlilitia, with which I hum- 
bly hope his Majesty will order some arms & Amunition to 
be dispatched as Early as may be, I Have wrote at large 
upon this Subject to 

The Lord D. of Newcastle 
to My Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations, and 
would to your Grace but that I fear being too troublesome, 
I beg only to add that if this new Settlement be not pre- 
vented by the Malicious pretensions and claims made by the 
inhabitants of this Province of the Masachusets, who neither 
would improve the lands themselves, nor lett others do it, I 
dare answer that in very few years it will be found of more 
use to England than those same people who now endeavour 



12 DOCUMENTARY HISTOIIY 

to Obstruct it to w^'^ end there now goes to England one 
M"" Waldoe as SoUicitor for the claimants, he is one in Com- 
pany with the noted D"^ Cook who claims 30 miles square 
and is equally undeserveing his Majestys favour. 

I am under the greatest Anxiety until I Have the Honour 
to receive your Graces Commands and know his Majestyes 
pleasure relateing to this CoUony, people are Crowding to it 
so that Early in the Spring there will be a great concourse 
I am with all possible duty and respect 
Your Grace's Most Humble and most 
Obedient Servant 

David Dunbar 
R Feh^y 13 



Petition of J. Wellington ^ others to governor STiute. 

May it Please yo' Excellency 

In as much as sundry the Proprietors of the Town of 
Scarborough are disposed to resettle there in the Spring ; but 
not willing to attempt any thing of that nature w'^ out first 
making application to your Excellency We have sent the 
bearer on purpose, humbly praying that your Excellency and 
Councill would please to countenance and direct therein for 
a more regylar settlem* We being to the Number of between 
30 and 40. 

By the same Messenger we have sent to Wm Burridge of 
Watertown, who was formerly the Keeper of the Records ; If 
in case he may refuse to deliver or bring them, wee pray 
your Excellencys favour therein ; that our proceedings may 
be more agreeable unto y" whole. 

With all due respects, We remaine S'^ 

Yo' Excellency's most humble and most obd't Ser*" 
J : Wentwortb, Geo : Vaughan : Sam^ Penhallow 
W" Cotton. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 13 

At a leagal town meeting held the : 4 : of May 1730 Voted 
that Col°« Thomas Westbrook, M"^ John Tyng, Moses Pear- 
sou, Thomas Haskell, Henry Wheeler, John Coy and John 
East Bee a Com* to take a list of those Persons that Clame 
an interest in the Common and undivided lands in the town- 
ship of falmouth And make their Return theirof at the 
next meeting. 

Voted that M'' John East and M"^ John Tyng shall bee 
Agents to make answer to the Peticion Exhibited against the 
town at the Generall Cort 

A treu Copy of the Above votes 

Attest Moses Pearson town Clerk. 

At a leagal town meeting held in falmouth May the: 11 : 
1730 Wee the Com' Chosen at a leagal town meeting in 
falmouth may the: 4: 1730 to make Report to this Meeting 
who wee are of opinion fullfiled the Condition of their 
admitanc to the Rights through the Commons : Wee are of 
opinion that the Persons whose names are under writen have 
fullfiled the Condition of their admitance and theirby are 
Beconi Intitled to their rights through the Common lands 
accordmg to the votes of the town of falmouth, Sam^' Moody 
Esq' Thomas Smith Dominicus Jordan, Beniman Learreby, 
Benjman York John Sawyer, Benj'" Ingersell, Isaac Sawyer, 
Joseph Pride, Peter Walton, Thomas Woodbery, John Perrey, 
Richard CoUer, Gideon Lowell, Thomas Thoms, Sam^^ Prock- 
ter, Jacob Adams, Thomas Millit, John Coy, Thomas Haskill, 
Henry Wheeler, Jeremiah Riggs, Sam'^ Cobb, John Coks, 
John Mariner, Natheniel Jordan, Joseph Cobb, Jonathan 
Cobb, John Armstrong, Jacob Sawyer, Ebenezer Hall, Richard 
Babson, James Dowty, John Bayley, Joshua}* Woodberey, 
John Millit, Sam" Stone Timothey Woster, Robert Thorn- 
dick, Philip Hodskins, Joseph Bayley, Robert Bayley, John 
White, Stephen Rendal, James Measlm, Joseph Connant, 
James Brickett, Thomas Mosley, William Davis, Jams Irish, 



14 DOCTIMENTAEY HISTORY 

Wi" Gillos, Wi" Gimerson, Ebenezer Roberts, Robert Mains, 
John Doleuer, Andrew Simonton, Moses Pearson, William 
Elwell, John Clark, John Graves, Moses Goold, Gorge Clark, 
Sam" Stapell, Benj™ Blackston, Jams Bukston, Josiah San- 
ford, John Sawyer : Ju°' , Jams Simson, Simon Armstrong, 
John Brown, Joseph Wesson, Jams Weebstor, Thomas 
Hoopper, Joshuay Bracket, Benjman Skiling, Will"" Jacobs 
John Wass, Wilham White, Steph Plumer, Ebenezer Allin, 
John East, John Prichard, Mathew Scales, John Danford, 
Mark Rownds, Adam Marriner, Simon Lovit, Jams Crocker, 
David Gustin, John Barbor, Ebenezer Gustin : 

Wee are of opinion that such as can make it apear to the 
proprietors of falmoth by two Evidences that thay or their 
fathers or thay whome thay lawfully Represent were setlers 
in the Ancient setlement under governer Danforth, have a 
Right to the Common and undivided lands Eaquel with 
others Admited by the town of falmouth that now is : 
Excepting such as have com in ah-edey and taken a right 
with the town that now is / and as many more that have Been 
admited to the Rights through the town as Shall fullfill the 
Condition of their admitanc within y® eight months set By 
the town: John Tyng, John Coy, Thomas Haskil, Henry 
Wheler, Moses Pearson Com* 

dated falmouth May : 11: 1730: 

Voted that the Report of the Com' Be Accepted and All 
the Persons names in the Report Aforementioned are proprie- 
tors of the common and undivided land in the township of 
falmouth. 

A treu Copy take out of the towTi Book of Records for 
falmouth 

Atte^ Moses Pearson town Clerk 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 15 

Thomas Westhrook Esq^^ to Colonel Dunbar. 

Scarborough Feb'y 23"> 1730/29 
Sr 

Your Brother is just come from Falmouth and we haveing 
a flying storry that you are dead which surpriseth us very 
much though we have no reason to beleive it because your 
Brother have no part of it. Therefore I trust this will find 
you in good health. Your Brother came down in the nick 
of time for to preserve the timber at Saco falls which I 
inform you of when I was at Boston. Saving some trees 
which was cut about two Months afore we got there and just 
as we got there there wa.s six teems going up in the road 
and some of them had just begun to fall and had fallen ten 
or eleven trees which your Brother mark't and have taken a 
great deal of pains to preserve the Kings timber which I 
doubt not will have a good effect on the people in hast I am 
S? 

Your most Obedient Ser^ att Command 

Tho Westbrook 



The Duke of Newcastle to the Lords Commiss'^^ for Trade and 

Plantations. 

Whitehall March 7*'' 1729/30. 
My Lords, 

I send your Lord^'^ herewith, by His Majesty's Com- 
mand, Copys of two Letters which I have received from 
Col° Dunbar Surveyor of His Majesty's Woods in America, 
giving an Account of the progress he has made in forming 
the New Settlement between Nova Scotia and New England, 
and of what he thinks is still necessary to enable him to 
carry on that Undertaking with Success ; I likewise add an 



16 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Extract of a Letter from M' Dummer Lieu* Governor of 
New England to me inclosing Copys of several Letters that 
have passed between him & M"" Dunbar relating to this 
New Settlement; and as M"" Dunbar has written to your 
LordP^ upon the same Subject, His Majesty would have you 
take the whole into Your Consideration ; and report the 
State of the several matters therein mentioned, with your 
Opinion what further Directions are proper to be sent to 
M"^ Dunbar upon them. 

I also inclose a Copy of a Letter that I have received 
from M"" Bradley His Majesty's Attorney General at New 
York, with a Memorial of the Governor & Council there in 
his behalf, and a Representation to your Lord^* of several 
irregular proceedings of the Gen^ Assembly of that Province, 
and of other matters which, he apprehends it is of impor- 
tance to His Majesty's Service should be speedily considered 
by yo"^ LordP^ upon which you will please to let me have 
your Opinion to be laid before His Majesty. 

I likewise send your Lord^^ a Copy of a Letter I have 
received from Col° Philips dated at Annapolis Royal the 
25*'^ of November last ; You will please to Consider the sev- 
eral Matters contained in it, particularly what relates to giv- 
ing new Grants of Land to the Inhabitants of that Colony, 
the Proposals made to him for a Settlement of French 
Protestants there, & the necessity of his having a Vessel 
constantly kept to attend huu in his Progresses from one 
part of his Government to another which by reason of the 
Situation of the Country must be made by Sea. 
I am 

My Lords Your Lord?" 

most obedient humble servant 

Holies Newcastle. 

Rec'l March 7^'' 1739/30 
BeadSep^^ 2: 1730 



OF THE STATE OF MAINB 17 

Westmoreland ^ Others to Duke of Newcastle 

Whitehall March 5*^ 1730/1. 
My Lord, 

We have received your Grace's Letter of the 27'^^ 
past, with the several Papers you was pleased to inclose in 
it, relating to the Disputes between M^ Belcher and Col? 
Dunbar, which came to your Grace's hands, after we had 
taken the liberty to beg, your Grace would be pleased to 
intercede with his Majesty, for the Comra'^ of Lieu* Gov^ of 
N. Hampshire for Col? Dunbar; And as your Grace is 
desirous to know, whether we still continue in the same 
Opinion, with relation to Col? Dunbar, we take leave to 
acquaint you, that we do not find any thing in the Papers 
your Grace has sent us that should incline us to alter our 
Sentiments upon this Subject, for notwithstanding M' 
Belcher does in his Letter deny that he ever had any Inten- 
tion to march with an armed Force in order to demolish the 
Fort of Pemaquid and carry away the People prisoners from 
thence. Yet he does not deny that he ever told Col? Dun- 
bar that some Members of the Assembly had such an Inten- 
tion, And he does likewise acknowledge that the Sheriff of 
York County did march thither with his Posse about that 
time, tho upon a different Occasion which might very justly 
give Col? Dunbar Reason to be alarmed, and he certainly 
would have been wanting in his Duty to the King if in that 
Situation, he had not applied to his Majesty for an Order to 
prevent Hostilities till such time at least, as his Mat''* Title 
to that Tract of Land should be determined 

It is not to be doubted but that Col? Dunbar's Office of 
Surveyor of the Woods, as well as his Instru"' for settling 
the Lands between Kennebeck and S* Croix must have rais'd 
him many Enemies in the Massachusets Bay where it is but 
too Evident that every Man who does his Duty to the 
Cro-^Ti makes himself liable to the Illwill of ye People, and 



18 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

therefore stands in need of all the Support the Governm* 
can give him from hence, for which Reason it was that we 
first beg'd your Grace's Favour on his behalf, and for the 
same Reason we now take the Liberty to repeat that request 
as apprehending that the Employment of Lieu*' Gov''* of 
New Hampshire may give him a little more Credit and 
Authority than he is at present Possessed of 

We arc, My Lord, Your Grace's 

Most Obedient & Most humble Serv*« 

Westmoreland. 

P. Doeminique. 

M : Bladen. 

E. Ashe. 



O. Bridgeman. 



March S'" 1730/1 
End<^ K: Folio ^02. 



Narative of the People of Londonderry concerniy^g their 

Boundaries. 

Honb'fS"^ 

You having been So kinde as to Prefcre the 
Petition which Sund'"y the Inhabitants of tliis Town in 
behalf of the Rest Sent you in order to be Laid before His 
Majes*^^ and Are Still so good as to offer us your Friendship 
and Assistance to help us out of the Difficulty we now are 
Under with respect to the Line between the Town of Haver- 
hill & this Town of Londonderry — And that we make your 
Hon^ Sensable of the Hardships «&; Difficultys we have been 
in and Still Labour under we beg leave to make you this 
short Narrative ^ 

At our first Arrivall in New Engl*^ alth6 we came in 
Severall Vessells & Landed in Various parte's of this Country 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 19 

yet as soon as we had surmounted the difficulties of Our 
passages which were many & great we Assembled ourselves 
& petitioned the GovT & Councill of New Hamp"^ for a Tract 
of Land Laying to the North West of Haverhill which Town 
of Haverill is govern'd by the Massachusetts Governm* and 
after the consideration of Gov"" Shute then Gov"" of Both 
New Hamp^ & the Massachusetts he & the Councill there 
granted us a Township of Ten INIiles Square at the afores** 
Place upon which we run out our Town Bounds & Laid out 
our first Divisions & with great Expense and Danger being 
in the Time of the Indian war wc cleared great parte of our 
s*^ first divition & had Enjoyed the Same for Seven years & 
Laid out all our substance by building & Improving thereon 
before Haverhill Town clamed the Same Yet soit is that the 
Inhabitants of s^ Haverhill made great Inroads upon us & 
Dayly are carrying our people from their Houses & Labour, 
Cross the river Marrimack to fourtes far distant in that 
Gov^ & Imprison Judge & Load them with Excessive 
Charges whicli besides the Loss of Improvement hath Cost 
many hundred Pounds. & are dayly perpetrating the Same 
things We could bear the many scandalous & unjust refec- 
tions which they cast upon us by saying we are romans & 
not good Subjects to his present Majesty being well assured 
your Hon'" well knows to the Contrary haveing many of us 
Resolutely oppossed both while in our own Country Wittness 
the Trubles in Ireland at the Comeing in of King William 
of Blessed memory, our Present Minister & Severall of our 
People being at the Seige of Derry & had no small shear in 
that Glorious Defence of Our religion & Country now S"" all 
that we ask y"^ Assistance in is that you would Use your 
Intrest Some how or other to obtain Peace for us at once 
that at Length we may Enjoy the only thing we have Sought 
Since wc came here which we Imagine can be don No Other 
way than by geting the Line Settled between the two Gov- 
ernm^^ of the Massachusetts and New Hamp"^ 



20 DOCUMENT ABY HISTOEY 

Dated at Londonderry March y® 17^^ 1729/30 

James McKeen John Macmurphy Clerk 
James Reed John Carnot 

David Morison John Archbald 
William Cochran James Nesmith 
James Leslie John Gregg 

Matthew Reed James Moor 
John Richay Abraham Holms 

In the name of the Rest of y® Proprietors of Londonderry. 
Reced June 5^^ 



Read ' 

Order of Committee of Council Referring the Petition of Waldo 
and others to the Board of Trade. 

At the Council Chamber Whitehall the 1 5*^ day of Aprill 
1780. 

By the Right Hoiioble the Lords of the Committee for 
hearing Appeals Complaints &c : from the Plantations. 
Whereas His Majesty hath been pleased to referr unto this 
Committee the humble Petition of Samuel Waldo of Boston 
in His Majestys Province of the Massachusets Bay Mer- 
chant, for and on behalf of Elisha Cooke Nathaniel Hubbard 
Esq" and severall others all of New England in America, 
Setting forth that they hold by Grant from the Crown and 
by Purchase from the Natives a Tract of Land in New 
England upon which they have Erected Blockhouses and 
severall other Buildings and had begun to make many other 
Improvements and Settlements, but were prevented from 
pursueing the same by the Indian Warr That a Peace having 
been lately concluded with the Indians the Petitioners had 
gott a Minister and One Hundred and twenty Familys 
ready to go and Settle one of their intended Towns When to 
their great Surprise they were interrupted therein by David 
Dunbar Esq' Surveyor Generall of His Majestys Woods 
in America, who would not permitt them to carry on their 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 21 

Settlements upon any other terms but their taking Grants 

from him. That in regard they have a clear title already to 

the said Lands and have been at a very great Expense 

thereon They humbly pray that His Majesty would be 

pleased to send the necessary Orders to the said David 

Dunbar not to intermeddle with the said Tract of Land or to 

interrupt or Disturb the Petitioners in Carrying on their 

Settlements ^ The Lords of the Committee are thereupon 

pleased to order that the said Petition ( a Copy whereof is 

hereunto annexed) Be and it is hereby Referred to the 

Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations to Examine 

into the severall Facts therein Contained, and Report their 

Opinion thereupon to this Committee 

W Cary 
Reed April 25 : ) j^yn^^ 
Read June 19 : ) 

Deposition of Thos. Pickenden ^ 

London 

Thomas Pickenden of romansgate in the County of 

Kent Commander of the Ship New Hampshire lately Arrived 
in this Kingdom from Falmouth in Casco Bay in the Eastern 
parts of New England Laden with Masts &c* for His Maj- 
esty's Service Declareth and Saith while he was at Falmouth 
aforesaid, he met with one of a Sloop or Scooner which had 
been to some part of the Eastern Country at or near a place 
called Pemmaquid where ColP Dunbar was about making 
Settlements, to take aboard a small parcell of Staves to the 
Quantity of about Three or four Thousand, which they had 
either bought or was by them to be taken aboard on Freight, 
which design the Sloopmen as the Person aforesaid Liform'd 
this Deponent were prevented from putting in Execution by 
the Seizing & forcibly taking away of Said Sloop & Materials 
by some of the People Coll" Dunbar had sent into that part 
of the Country, One of w^*^ pretended or said to be his Lieu- 



22 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

tenant, without any other pretence than that of the Intent of 
the Master & Crew of said Vessell to take on board said 
Staves, which sloop this Deponent was Informed by the per- 
son aforesaid they Stript, unbent her Sails, put them into 
the Fort by Compulsion and not by a proceeding in Law, 
and refused to Deliver back the possession of said Sloop & 
Stores to the INIaster, the Captors threatning y® Master of 
said Sloop that in Case he made any opposition they wou'd 
immediately shoot him which oblig'd him as this Deponent 
was informed by one of the Sloops Crew to leave his Sloop 
in their hands and proceed for Boston in the Province of the 
Massachusetts Bay for Justice, Whither he accordingly went 
and Apply'd himself to the Governour of that Province who 
taking the affair into his Consideration Order'd the Justices 
of the County of York in the Province of Maine to Assemble 
and take such Measures as they thought best ~ The place 
the said Justices were summon'd to meet at was the Town 
of York in the County and province aforesaid. The Depo- 
nent being on a journey from Casco Bay to New Hampshire 
to Clear his Ship at the Custom House there sometime in y^ 
Month of September being Acquainted with ColP John 
Wheelwright One of His Majestys Justices living at Wells 
in the County aforesaid, called at his House who mform'd 
this Deponent of what happen'd to the aforesaid Sloop at or 
near Pemmaquid and also of an Order of the Governour 
that the Justices shou'd assemble on that occasion at the 
Town of York, which being in this Deponents way to New 
Hampshire and ColP Wheelwright ready to proceed he had 
the Opportunity of going with him to York, on which Jour- 
ney said ColI° Wheelwright met with a letter dehver'd him 
either by a Messenger sent with the same or a Traveller, 
which said ColP Wheelwright Inform' d this Deponent was 
from the Secretary of the Massechusetts Province by the 
Governour's Order pressing him to Excite the Justices to a 
Speedy Resolution on the affair. This Deponent from York 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 23 

proceeded to New Hampshire where after having dispacht 
his Business he returns for York where he saw the Sherriff 
of the County Major Moulton who was Order'd by a full 
Bench of Justices with a Company of Men to protect him 
from Insults, to proceed to the Eastward and Summons or 
take into Custody the said Coll° Dunbar's Lieutenant, in 
Effecting which if he met with opposition the said Sherriff 
was to make his Report and wait for further Orders this 
Information of the Order of the Governour and the resolu- 
tion of the Justices was Confirm'd to him by the afores^ 
Sherriff Moulton and one Major Hammond another of the 
Bench of Justices — from York this Deponent proceeded for 
Falmouth, in Casco Bay where this Deponent further Says that 
a little time before he sail'd from thence which was on the 
Eighth day of October last the Aforesaid sherriff of York 
with some men under his Command on board a Sloop bound 
for Pemmaquid put in by Contrary Winds to Casco Bay and 
that by the best Information he could gitt both from the 
Sherriff, and the aforesaid Justices he was Assur'd there was 
not any Intent, resolution or Order given to Drive off the 
People which ColP Dunbarr had Settled or was about to 
Settle there and that those People had given out they would 
be the death of Sherriff Moulton if he came to Pemmaquid 
or to their Settlement, and further this Deponent Saith not. 
Jurat 19 die Janry Tho* Pickenden 

1730 Coram W" Billers 

Reed 27^" \ j - .yon,i 
Read 28^'^ Y<^^ryl7S0/l 

Petition of the Inhabitants of Londonderry. 

To the Hon^i^ Coll : Dunbar 
The Humble Petition of the under Subscribers. 
Humbly Sheweth that y® Petitioners Inhabitants of London- 



24 DOCUIVIENTAIIY HISTOEY 

deny in Newhampshire originally from north Britain but 
Last from Ireland some time in the year 1728 sent a 
Memorial to y"^ Hon"" when in England together with another 
to be preferred by your Hon*" to His Majesty for a certain 
tract of Land in Nova Scotia and y' Petitioners are Credibly 
informed y^ y"" Hon'" is Impowered to Lay out the same for 
y"" Petitioners use. 

Wherefore we humbly Supplicate y"^ Hon"^ to grant us 
such tract of Land as you shall judge proper for us on 
Damascota River a near y® Town of Fredericksburg as 
possible and please to allow us some Respite of time to settle 
the same Because y^ Petitioners cannot dispose of our free- 
holds in Londonderry at present without great Loss for we 
are as we presume is known to y"^ Hon'^ perplexed with 
vexatious Lawsuits by the Incrochments of y® Massachusets 
and y"^ Petitioners being about twenty four as in duty bound 
shall ever pray 

Jo° Wallace James Gregg 

John Archbald James Rodgers 

Mathew Kid John McNeill 

Rob* Adams James Reid 

Thomas Mace Rob* Frost 

Arch. Clark Alexander Reid 

Ma" Clark David Calgik 

David McGregor James Clark 

Alex"" McGregor William Gregg 

Jas Nesmith Sam" Greg 

Jas Moore Jo° Gregg 

Robert Campbell Thos. Gregg 

Ja^ Gilmor Jo° Carnot 
Ja« Clark 

Reced June 5*-.^ \ 17'^n 
Mead j 



OF THE STATE OF MAESTE 25 

Colonel Dunbar to iltf Secretary Popple. 

Boston N. E. May y« 25'i' 1Y30 *^ 
Sir 

As I have not had the Honour of one line from any of 
the Offices I have reason to fear that all y* I have wrote are 
either miscarried or disapproved, w*=^ is a great trouble & 
discouragement to me, I did not intend waiteing until the 
Arrival of the Kings ship expected on this Station, but that 
g the Mast ship lately arriv'd at Casco bay, there are letters 
from M"" Waldo to his Correspondents that he has prevailed 
at home to put a stop to the Settling y^ new Collony until 
further orders, and until his Majesty's title to these lands 
is heard and Determined, w*^^ I allways apprehended was 
done before his late iSIajesty in Council some years agoe, I 
have Seen a printed state of the proceedings thereupon with 
an Opinion signed by D'' Pinfold of Doctors Commons, Capt 
Coram was one of the petitioners who proved the Kings 
right, and then all the present Claims lay Dormant, as they 
did in 1663 when the tract of Lands now in dispute was 
granted by Patent to y® Duke of York, it was never worth 
their while to Settle till now they apprehended y* his Maj^y 
was inclined to do it, and if the claims are Allowed I will 
Pawn my life it will never be settled, it is impossible I can 
say more upon the Subject than I have m my letters to y® 
Offices from the beginning, I Plave wrote a long letter to 
Capt. Laborde which he will shew you and lay before my 
Lords Commissioners for Trade and plantations it is in 
answer to a letter I received from him, and in mine I have 
sett forth how much I am incumberd by my mistaken Zeal 
to do a Publique Service w*^^ I flatterd my self would recom- 
mend me to y* King & Ministry, I have beg'd my Lords 
Commissioners favour y* I may be Extricated from this great 
dilemma th6 even at the expence of my imployments, & I 
now again in treat the same, the dayly opposition, and ill 



26 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

usage I meet witli for doeing my duty is not to be Creditted, 
and y^ famous Doctor Cook at the Head of all, even to the 
pleading of all their Causes in the Admiralty Courts ; I shall 
send you the proceedings of some of them, from w^^ I have 
appealed, and will send my reasons for so doeing with the 
Opinions of the Kings Advocate & Attorney General, and 
hope the appeals will be prosecuted at home, for w*^^ I have 
been forced to enter into Securitys; the Judge is Superan- 
nuated, & either very ignorant, or partial to y® Country, or 
both, the proceedings and decrees will prove it. 

On Saturday last I received a notification w*^^ I here 
inclose to you, I went accordingly & heard a paper read by 
way of Affidavit of Dr. Cook and others to w°^ I made some 
Objections w"^^ they owned were right, and Yet they would 
not be at the trouble of writeing it over again to Correct it, 
but took it upon their tender consciences, the first Objection 
I made, was, that by their setting forth many Conditions to 
be performed by the grantees, one of w'^'^ was one penny p 
acre quitt rent to y^ Crown, I told them it looked like an 
insinuation y* some other mony was to be understood for me, 
but they all denyed y* any Such construction could be put 
upon those words ; In the next place, they say that when I 
told them I woold represent y® Nature of their Claims home 
I also told them y* I woold have no regard to their Claims 
or pretentions, I made them Sensible y* I sayd if his Majesty 
did not think fitt to allow their claims, I woold lett them 
choose such parts as they liked upon the Kings terms, every 
One y* ever speaks to me Can't deny me this justice and 
that I never hinted or proposed one shilling to My Selfe, 
Allways saying I only wanted to do something extraordinary 
in makeing a flourishing strong CoUony in a short time 

Doctor Cook now says that I have hinderd him & oth- 
ers from settleing, it is wonderfull they never were induced 
to attempt it before, as is plain by the whole Country in a 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 27 

Wilderness, w*^ out one house or hutt between the Island of 
Arrowsick in y® river of Kennebeck and Georges River, 
where the Province of the Masachusets keep a truck house 
for y® furr trade with the Indians & those two rivers are 
above forty Miles asunder, & there are not ten Acres of 
clear land about y" truck house ; nor any clear land 
or Settlement any where else ; I Have done more this 
winter at Fredericksburg than ever was in y*^ whole prov- 
ince, no part of even the Masachusets can shew so much 
clear land without some wood, & now most part of it under 
corn and gardens, it is a thousand pittys Such a Settlement 
should be baulked to please a Number of thankless people, 
who Act herein m pure Opposition to his Majesty, & not with 
any real designe to settle themselves there, but in my hum- 
ble Opinion the Scope of land these people already possess is 
too extensive, & will containe more than enough for such Sub- 
jects as they are Notwithstanding Doctor Cook & the Gen- 
tlemen with him acknowledged what I sayd to be true, he 
told them that the words stood well, & there was noe need 
to alter the paper for them ; if it be his Majestys pleasure 
that the Settlement should go on, I would humbly desire to 
be excused in being concerned as I understand is proposed, 
this 1 have mentioned at large to Capt Laborde to lay before 
My Lords Commissioners, with the distance & Inconvenien- 
ces of applying to Coll° Philips ; there would not have been 
opposition to this New Settlement but that D"^ Cook and 
M*" Waldo spirited up the claimants, & gave 'em Encouragm'^ 
saying their interest at Court was not to be withstood, of 
w*^'^ they had a late instance, it is impossible to describe their 
behaviour since, tho now that they hear their own Gov- 
ernour is charged with y® 23^ Article in Stronger terms 
than M"^ Burnet was, they express themselves with great 
resentment & indencency towards him, Most of the people 
who have the claims sett no Valine upon them and were 



28 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

willing to take New titles under the Quit rent reserved, 
until Docf Cook & M"^ Waldo sayd they would not give the 
King a farthing and undertook to Sollicit a Confirmation of 
y® titles for one half to themselves, I beg it may be remem- 
bered y* if the Claims are Allowed, all those lands will be 
private property before the year 1690, and there can be no 
reserve then for the Royal Navy, when I sayd thus to M"" 
Westbrook, the present undertaker for the Masts, he replyed 
the King might go into y® bay of Fundy for 'em these & 
many such disrespectfull treatments of his Majesty does, I 
own so ruffle me that I am weary of my life, and any man 
y* behaves any thing different from the Crowd, Stinks of the 
prerogative, this expression is Comon with them, some of 
them lately upon the Arrival of ships from London, gave 
out for News, that the King & Queen were poysond, & y* 
England was in Arms devided for the prince & Duke, late 
at night many families were waked & alarmed at this, the 
Attorney Generall has had the partys bound over, & is 
resolved to prosecute them, but he tells me he fears the pun- 
ishment will not be corporal nor exceeding 20^ fine; the 
fines mentioned in the Acts of Parliam* are Construed here 
to be this Currency w*^^ is not 1-3 sterlg. I beg an explana- 
tion of y\ tho I have no Occasion as yet, never haveing 
received one penny fine, but I doubt not to be decreed some 
upon my appeals home, the decrees here being directly Con- 
trary to my Instructions & the Opinions of y® Attorny and 
SoUicitor Gen" of England, but when those are reversed 
then the partys will onely go to jail for a little time, & as I 
sayd in my former, not longer for a hundred trees than for 
one ; I am more out of pocket upon the prosecutions than I 
can spare, and have no fund for it, I wish the Advocate & 
Attorney Gen" were ordered to Attend all prosecutions, and 
to make their demands home tho if either of them was 
Judge of y® Admiralty in lieu of M"^ Byfield, the King would 



OF THE ^TATE OP MADSTE 29 

have Justice here, & y® fines might not only pay the charges 
but afford some small Sallary or travelling charges for them ; 
My Lords Comission" will be Surprised at proceedings, w*^** 
are now prepareing for my sending home, by the Attorny 
and Advocate General, wliich I hope will be Convinceing 
y' nobody ought to be a judge in these parts y* either is a 
Native or interested in the. woods or lands ; the Man of War 
for this Station is dayly expected, & it is rumoured that M'' 
Belcher was stoped in England upon the Ministry being 
made Acquainted with his religion and principles, here is a 
Gentleman that heard him say lately in London, when a 
bible & Common prayer book was presented to him bound 
together, that he would take away the prayer book because 
it polluted y® bible ~ the Kings friends here are pleased w*^ 
y® hopes of a New Governour, and wish for Coll° Burgess or 
some Man of Spirit to keep these stubborn people to their 
duty. 

Pray my most humble Duty to my Lords Commis- 
sioners for Trade & plantations, please to lay this before 
their Lordships, 

I am Sir 

Your Most Humble & Obed* Serv* 

David Dunbar 
Here is a report y* ColP 

M*' Gomery is dead at 

New York, but I cannot 

find any grounds for it. 

Rec'^ ^^ July 1730 Read OcV y^ 28 : 

Colonel Dunbar to M^ Secry Popple. 

Boston August the 19*^ 1730 
Sir 

The Blandford Man of Warr arrived here the 8"^ 

instant with Governour Belcher who sent me Your letter of 



30 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the 7*^ of May with his Majestys instructions to me dated 
the 27**^ of Aprill ; I will do all that man can do to be 
punctual in Obeying those instructions & the Commands of 
my Lords Commissioners for Trade and plantations, 

As to the Instructions I Have already given Notice in 
Print as you may see by the inclosed, there bemg many 
hundred family s waiting the Arrival and publication of my 
instructions, if I had acquamted them that we are onely to 
begin at Penobscott and thence to 8*= Croix, they would be 
so much discouraged that none of them woold Stirr, I must 
broach it to them by degrees as they come to me, 1 am in 
hopes that my Lords have, upon my letters of the 1^', 22*^, 
25*^ of May and 16"^ of June, come to some more favourable 
resolutions relating to the Settlement, if for no other reasons 
but the distance & dangerous Navigation to cross the bay of 
Fundy, if My Lords would be pleased to Examine the Maps 
they would see the distance, besides the difficulty of keeping 
any Correspondence between a New Settlement without a 
boat, & Annapolis which has but 3 tradmg Sloops between 
it & Boston, there are times when not one Vessel passes 
between them in two or three months and generally 4 or 5 
months in the Winter 

If a Number of familys upon the notice I have given will 
offer themselves to go down, I will go with them, and do my 
best endeavours to settle them, the Vessels we must hire to 
carry us will leave us as soon as landed, then we must 
maintaine our ground or dye, and if we had a Sloop to send 
to Governour Philips he is now at Casco 150 leagues from 
Penabscott, and if he was at Annapolis I am much misin- 
formed if he thinks he can Spare any of his Garrison to 
Assist us on y^ other side of the Bay, and I declare for my 
o\^^l part I would rather be enabled to make the Indians a 
few presents at first and continue them once a 3fear than 
have troops to reduce them, I Had a sufficient proof of this 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 31 

when I was but 37 days among them in Oct: and November 
last, when I entertained them with a Civility and friendship 
they had never seen before, and made them a few presents 
under 40 X sterlg-, out of my own pocket w*^^ which, by my 
Eagerness to begin a flourishing Settlement at Pemaquid is 
now a greater Sum than I can Command, and must therefore 
goe down to Penobscot very poorly provided to pass the 
Winter there. If 1 call at Fredericksburg Fort which in 
obedience to my Lords Com^^ Orders I Have now called 
y® first Settlement, with what face must I tell those who 
have layd out their mony there, that they are not to be Con- 
cerned with me who induced them thither ? and with what 
remorse must I quitt all my Expences there ? as for the Foil 
tho' but a dry shore wall with strong Palisadoes, I dare not 
take away the few ship guns and New CoUours I planted 
and hoisted there, w^^out orders, and I can purchase no 
other to carry with me, nor dare I do it Since it is declared 
under another Government, I wish & Earnestly beg my 
Lords would look over their own report of the 14*^ of May 
1729, they would not be angry with me for calling y® Coun- 
try the Province of Georgia, tho I do not pretend or think 
that that report was an Authority to me, but as I thought 
the Erecting a distinct Gov"^' was past dispute, and I was 
willing to prevent the peoples dispersemg as is mentioned in 
the said Report for a reason for laying out plotts of lands 
without loss of time. 

It has happened pritty fortunate for me that by the Kings 
ship M'' Waldo has not given his friends any Account of his 
success, ( if any,) in his SoUicitations about the Claims, Per- 
haps he has reserved it to be the Messenger himself, when- 
ever it comes I shall be in no little danger of being Mobbed 
here, and his friends will have one advantage in forcing us 
towards the Enemy to be a frontier between them & the 
Indians, but yet I flatter myself that it is impossible the 



32 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

claims he Solicits can be confirmed, for the reasons in my 
former letters ; 

In these Additional instructions his Majesty has Com- 
manded me to lay out a 3^ hundred thousand acres of land 
between Penobscot & St Croix to be reserved as a Nursery 
for the Royal Navy I Have nothing to do but to Obey and I 
will ChearfuUy do it, but hope it will not give oifence if I 
give an Account of what Informations I have from good 
Hands of that part of the Country as well as the more 
Eastern parts of Nova Scotia, on both sides of the Bay 
of Fundy, I Have now 2 Deputys one at Canso Attending 
Governour Philips, and another at Annapolis to lay out such 
lands as are proper there for the Royal Navy, if my informa- 
tions can be depended upon the white pine trees there are 
not large, but heavy and Knotty, Our M^ Nelson an Antient 
Gentleman & relation of my Lord Cobham, has been many 
Years well acquainted on both sides the Bay of Fundy and 
all parts of Nova Scotia, he is disinterested in the represen- 
tation and Assures me there are no white pines below 
S*^ Georges River, fitt for large ships, but what are in one 
long vein far up S* Johns River, w*"^ has such falls that 
althd that river be much the largest in Nova Scotia, the 
Navigation is not practicable above one hour in each tide, 
M*" Waldo will no doubt represent the trees & rivers other- 
wise but if he was directed to send home one loading from 
thence he would not insist upon it; I Have made it very- 
much my busyness to be informed of all Parts where white 
Pine trees grow to any Considerable Size, there are as large 
in Hudson's River near Albany, and all the way Navigable, 
as any where upon the Continent, but the Nature of those 
pines is Heavy, brittle and Knotty, I cannot tell my Lords that 
these Accounts are from my own knowledge and Observa- 
tion, but from people who appear disinterested ; and upon 
Connecticut River w^^ runs far into the Country and on the 



OF THE STATE OF JIAESTE 33 

back of New England allmost to joine Meremack River, there 
are innumerable Mast trees the same sort as in New Hamp- 
shire and Province of Maine, but there are so many falls 
between them and Navigable Water that it is thought 
impracticable to bring them down, however, as I mentioned 
in one of my former letters to you, I have given leave to 
two Men to make an Experiment this ensueing Winter, by 
throwing Masts into that River with the bark on, & they tell 
me they expect some to be saved, such will come cheap to 
the King because there will be little or no Expence of Car- 
riage ; I will not fail to give an Account of y® Success of 
this undertaking ; 

Upon the whole matter as it appears to me at present the 
chief Dependance must be about the Heads of piscatua river 
and About Casco in the Province of Maine, and to my cer- 
tain Knowledge between Kennebeck and Pemaquid upon 
Navigable rivers, if the claimants of those lands do not pre- 
vent them being layd aside for his Majesty ; it was then that 
I proposed to my self to reserve the one hundred thousand 
Acres when I thought there was to be a province of Georgia, 
and a distinct Governm*, God knows my Aim as to my own 
advantage was but a feather in my Hatt, a Brevit Governour 
without Sallary or any Perquisites, and Since his Majesty 
and his Ministers have determined otherwise I Chearfully 
Submit, and impute it onely to my adverse fortune against 
which I begin to despair to struggle 

I Had the Honour of a letter from M^ Birchet but not in 
Answer to anything that I wrote of the Woods or contractors 
Agent which greatly discourages me, as that Gentleman 
boasts of his friends and interest at the Admiralty and Navy 
office, 

In your letter you onely acknowledge the receipt of mine 
of the 9^^ and 29'^ of December, If you did not receive one 
of the 3*^ of February it has been taken up on this side, I 



34 DOCUMBNTAEY HISTORY 

wrote at the same time to my Lord Duke of Newcastle and 
to my Lords of the Admiralty, in Each I mentioned the 
impossibility of my discharging the duty required of me 
without a small Vessel to goe along the Coast and up into 
the Navigable rivers, w*'^ are many & large, and upon the 
Coast the weather is often very boisterous and so suddain 
that Vessels near comeing to an Anchor have frequently 
been forced off and blown to the West Indies, I did propose 
to undertake to build a small Sloop fitt for that Service for 
200 X Sterlg, & to maintain it for so much g ann- if the 
Service can be done without it or for less, I Submit to better 
Judges, I believe a charge upon the like Occasion from 
Canso far exceeded My proposal ; I Humbly hope some 
Answer will be sent me to that pomt. If the Extent of the 
Countrys where I am required to serve be considered, I am 
persuaded it will be thought reasonable, it is a great Misfor- 
tune to be at soe great distance that many Months are lost 
in Answering letters, and when I remove to make the new 
Settlement the time will be longer ; My Disbursements and 
incumbrances w*^^ I formerly Mentioned in my letters in 
May last will I fear, disable me from doeing my duty as I 
would willingly, My Deputys, as well as myselfe find our 
Sallarys not sufficient to defray the Necessary expenses 
attendmg the dut}--, which is mostly in travelling all the 
year, our predecessors were allowed travelhng charges, 
and we Hope we shall be considered ; as for my Sallary I 
Solemnly declare I Have out of it, (besides paying my 4 
Deputies His Majestys Allowance to them ) been obliged to 
hire and pay some country men to watch and give informa- 
tion Against any transgressors, and to a Justice of Peace at 
times for travelling with us to protect us from the Insults of 
the people, it woold be scarce creditted how Vilely we have 
been Abused & threatened to be beat, and the Kings Officers 
are so hated here that if in his own defence upon ever soe 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 35 

great a provocation he should kill one of these fellows he 
woold Assuredly be hanged, & this the very Country 
threaten when they insult and abuse'us, I pray God send me 
farr from them & their Country, and hope in a little time 
after I have begun this Settlement to be relieved from the 
Station w*^*" Obliges me to be so much in New England ; I 
shall presume to make this petition to the Ministry to rec- 
ommend me to any other part of the World. 

1 am very proud of the Honour My Lords Com" are 
pleased to doe me in taking Notice of any poor Services I 
may chance to doe, I Hope their Lordships will be pleased at 
my remarks in my Letter of the 1*' of May last, I am much 
Mistaken if it does not alarm them, I then told you how 
much the Iron tools made here exceed the English, I now 
send you samples of Each w'^'^ perhaps my Lords will order 
to be shewen to the Chief Manufacturers, in my opinion it 
would be worth while to bribe or buy two principal men here 
under whom all the good tools are made, one of them is a 
poor man and would Easily be persuaded to return to 
England. 

Upon the Arrival of M"^ Belcher the Country have made 
great rejoyceings, but I hear they are falling off and express 
a discontent at his lofty Carriage towards them, he has pro- 
rogued the General Court to the 9"* of September, and 
nobody can say how he will Succeed in the fixing a Sallary. 
I Have applyed to him in obedience to a paragraph in my 
first instructions for Acts to supply the deficiencys in y* late 
Act of Parliament for preservation of the Woods, and he has 
promised to do his Endeavour, he shewed one part of his 
intended Speech to the General Assembly of New Hampshire 
where I believe he will find the people more Complying than 
in this Province tho I am just now told that the 4 Members 
for this towne, who have great influence in the House of 
Representatives have promised to fix a Sallary, but not the 



36 DOCTTMENTAEY HISTORY 

Sum mentioned by the King, it will be 1600X steii^ g ann; 
lOOOX being too little to Support a Governour, tho this is 
towne talk I am assured of it from an intimate of the Gov- 
ernour, a short time will shew it "^ As soon as I know what 
the General Courts in the two Provinces will doe as to pro- 
videing against deficieneys in the Act of Parliament I will 
acquaint you with it, & send you a Copy of My application 
to the Governour. 

Since I began this letter great Numbers of people inclined 
to settle to the Eastward have been with me, they were 
informed in towne that I am to begin but at Penobscott and 
that I can give them noe title to y® Lands I lay out, but they 
must depend upon another and can have no Governm* or 
Authority where I am to fix them but what must be derived 
from a place at a very great distance, these things have made 
me despicable in the Eyes of every body, and discourages the 
undertaking ; the Kings instructions relating to this Settlem* 
are directed to me as Surveyor of the Woods and 'tis my 
duty to obey them and I will as far as I possibly can, but for 
the Good of the Service and to promote his Majestys intrest 
in Carrpng on this Settlement I Humbly beg that M'^ Philips 
may be directed to spend part of his time at Penobscot or 
any other appointed to Confirme the titles of Land layd out, 
before the people will be encouraged to improve. I solemnly 
declare I do not make this proposal to recomend mj'self, I 
must freely beg leave to decline it as to y" Government, I am 
so much fatigued already and my Spiritts sunk with y® usage 
I have mett here, w'^'^ with a dropsical Humour & pains from 
Colds I endured last Winter in y' Woods has so impaired my 
Health, that I do not expect to be able to do y** duty required 
of me, & I would rather be superseded than y® Kings Service 
should be neglected, if so it would be a favour to me to be 
Succeeded by my brother Jeremiah Dunbar, who is one of my 
Deputys and takes great pains in doeing his duty I Humbly 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 37 

beg the favour & good offices of my Lords Commissioners 
upon this Occasion. 

It is now the 29*^ of August, 3 days agoe arrived here a 
ship belonging to this towne from Amsterdam with 230 
pallatines, by their Contract bound to Pensilvania, they were 
much crowded in y® ship which occasioned the death of some, 
& y^ want of water brought them in here, the Master Com- 
phiined to M'' Belcher that the passengers forced him in, w*'*' 
the Gov'' told me was an Act of piracy, the poor people being 
frighted w'^'^ threats to be prosecuted accordingly by the 
Master and Owner, have been obliged to give up the obliga- 
tions they had in writeing to be put on shore at Philadelphia 
whither some of their familys &> Acquaintance had been 
before them, and where by Contract they were to be Allowed 
3 Months time to pay for their passage, and are landed here 
& exposed to Sale like Negroes, and are purchaseing by a 
Company of M'' Waldoes proprietors to be planted where the 
pine Swamps are in Shepscot river to y® Eastward of Kenne- 
beck ; I begged of M' Belcher to see that these poor creatures 
were not abused, but he is gone to New Hampshire, I would 
appear for them but am in the power of the Owner for part 
of the Provisions I sent to Fredericksport last year God help 
them ! they have a poor chance for justice for as a considerable 
Merchant who was chosen by a Piscatua man for a referee 
against one of Boston, lately sayd. That a Piscatua man had 
no more chance of justice here than an old england man, so 
partial are these people, even in their carriage and Manners. 

As I Have formerly presumed to hint at things that do not 
lye within my Cognizance properly, I now beg leave to 
acquaint my Lords Conunissioners that there are very large 
Ships built and frequently building in this Country, many of 
them from 20 to 40 guns, with open ports, and built more for 
sailing than burthen, they are all for french and Spaniards, 
and purchased with french rum & Molasses, of w*^'^ there is as 



38 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

general a Consumption liere all tkro the Continent as there 
was of porter and ginn in London a year agoe, if the english 
Sugar Islands Onely were to Supply the Continent, it would 
be advantageous to them, & this would greatly promote the 
New Settlement in Jamaica. 

If a due registry of all ships is returned home it will prove 
what I say of the burthen and Number of ships built here, 
th6 in Registrys there are noe Cautions noe exactness, if the 
Governours were to have an Eye upon these Matters, I am 
persuaded my Lords would be Surprised and future incon- 
veniences may be apprehended from them, they sail hence 
w*^ an English or Irish Master ( a papist ) and English 
Mariners, they sometimes carry the ship to Cape Breton, but 
mostly to the french and Spanish West Indies with lumber 
and fish, and then the Sailors are turned adrift or debauched 
into foreign Service. 

It is now full time for me to return to give an Account of 
what is more immediately My Duty, in my letter to you of 
the 1^* of May I promised to give an Account of the proceed- 
ings upon the tryal of 2002 logs w'^^ was so strenuously 
Espoused and defended by D"" Cook, upon the tryal the 
Judge brow beat us all, but his Majesties Advocate & Attor- 
ney Gen^^ ; pleaded the Cause with such success y'^ 2002 
shillings New England money was decreed for the King, w'^'* 
is about 3 1-2*^ sterl^ for each logg, 10 feet in length, & many 
of them 40 inches thro ; thus my Lords will see what Valine 
is sett upon the Mast trees here, this sum I Have received 
and will charge myself with it in part of my disbursements 
to Carry on the prosecutions, if a larger suin had been 
decreed the man would have gone to prison, and even this 
was raised by contribution among the neighbors, so ready are 
they to assist each other against the King. 

I Herewith send you another Appeal ag**^ a Decree w*^** I 
so often mentioned wherem I had so much dilEculty to get 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 39 

Bail admitted for prosecuting the Appeal. You will see that 
this decree is directly against His Majestys instructions to 
me and the Opinion of the Attorny & Sollicitor Gen" upon 
the Act of the 8^^ of K : George the 1^', I Humbly hope My 
Lords Comm" will be pleased to order this appeal to be 
prosecuted at home, one or 2 reversals of New England 
decrees would greatly terrify these people, and I shall be a 
sufferer and insulted if I do not Succeed ; 

I beg leave to take notice here ( tho out of time ) that 
althd the Judge of y® Admiralty decrees his own fees at 
proclamation mony w*^^ is about 8* g Ounce of Silver, or 
double the fees in province bills, the 2002 shillings decreed 
from M"^ Lord, which I Have receivd is but in province bills 
now near 20* g Ounce of Silver, I asked M' Belcher's Opin- 
ion upon this point, who thinks that All Sums mentioned in 
Acts of parliam* are meant to be sterl^ Mony, but the judge 
is of another opuiion and Obstmate in it. 

I am told that the Magistrates of this towne refuse to lett 
the pallatines be landed here, they are yett upon an Island 4 
miles from the towne where quarentine is performed, and 
are to be put on board the Same Vessel & sent to Philadel- 
phia, it woold be a fine opportunity to furnish such a Number 
of people to Nova Scotia, if any one dare Answer for the 
payment of the passage mony which I hear is allow^ed for 
Such as are intended to Annapolis & Canso I believe I 
shoold have done it, but that for time to come I have made a 
resolution not to exceed the orders or powers sent me. 

New claims are dayly made of lands to the Eastward of 
Penobscot, M"" Winnit, one of tlie Council of Nova Scotia 
Claims twenty Miles square upon the Coast by a french 
grant when in the hands of the french, and he says he knows 
of More, so y' there is no likelyhood of an end to these dis- 
putes, herewith I send yoo a Copy of one of y® Indian deeds, 
and as I sayd before they have the same right to Sell all the 



40 DOCUMENT ABY HISTORY 

rest of the Lands, but I liope before now the Ministry have 
come to a resolution upon the claims & Settlements. I am 
very unhappy that I never mentioned or proposed any thing 
relateing to them to the Offices, since they have taken a def- 
ferent turn from what I thought was first resolved upon, If 
I had not been Stopd I should soon have made a Surpriseing 
Settlement, and would be the same as a new Acquisition to 
England, & with little or no expence, whereas under my 
present circumstances and difficultys, without power, mony 
or friends, it is imposssble for me to Strive against so much 
opposition & so many Enemys, & yet I will try all I can 
until I receive farther Orders either to be impowered or 
discharged. 

I Have in Obedience to the order you sent me publiquely 
recalled the declaration, I beg pardon for issueing it, it was 
onely for y^ last Winter, and whatever Complaints M"^ Waldo 
may have made against me for that, I could send certificates 
from the Gov" and all the Magistrates of the Country y* the 
Kings Woods did not suffer by it. His agent here instead of 
expecting to be restraind from Logging is now building two 
more Saw Mills, and th6 there are letters in towne of the 
beginning of July, I Have yet no Answer from my Lords of 
the Admiralty to my Several letters relating to M' Waldo 
and the Woods ; 

In Governour Belchers speech to the Gen^^ Court in New 
Hampshire he has taken notice of my application to him 
about the Woods, & I am told they have promised to Enact 
such Laws as may be Necessary to preserve them; I do not 
expect that this province will follow their Example ; He is 
expected this night in towne from New Hampshire, and will 
give my Lords Commissioners an Account of his proceedings 
there, it might seem impertinent in me to attempt it, but I 
beg leave to tell you that his demanding and insisting on a 
fixed Sallary has so alarmed the people here, that some have 



OF THE STATE OF INLAJKE 41 

sayd if he does the like to them they will spitt in his face & 
the Mobb doe threaten to pull down the houses of any of the 
representatives who shall vote for it, his letters whilst Agent 
in England & his former Speech in the Assembly & several 
declarations against a fixed Sallary will be now printed, & 
called Belcher ag* Belcher, the General Court are to meet 
the 9'"^ Inst, soon after w''"' vessels will sail for England, 

Since I wrote the part of My letter relateing to the Iron 
tools w*"*" I Herewith send you, I have enquired what may be 
y® reason of the difference between these & English, & am 
told that in England they steel & make a tool at 3 or 4 heats 
at most, but here never under 11 or 12 heats, & besides the 
goodness caused by this they make their tools here of double 
the Substance ; these which I send may be the first that were 
ever sent to England, and I hope may be of use and Service 
to the Manufacturers there. 

I have just received a message from the Indians that they 
will by no means consent to any Settlements near Penobscot, 
& und'' my Circumstances it will be difficult to force them, 
so that I am perplexed which way to behave upon this 
occasion. 

Pray Sir Lay this before my Lords Comm" with my 
Humble duty. 

I am Sir Your most Humble & Most Obed*^ Serv* 

David Dunbar 

Read Do 29: /^^'^^ 

Colonel WeatbrooJc to Colonel Dunbar. 

Harrow house in Fal'^ June 6'^ 1730/1 
S-^ 

I have great occation of some masts from 34 to 38 
inches diameter to comply w"' y'' Contract ; M"" Ralph Gulston 



42 DOCUMENT AEY HISTORY 

ston has made w*^ y* principle officers of y* Royall Navy for 
such masts as you may see by his Majestyes royall Licence y* 
you have w*'^ you. And as we are to apply ourselves to you 
for y'' Assistance S"" your deputy Surveyor and you being in 
his Majestyes woodes. Sometimes no doubt but you have 
mark't and Registerd some such trees. Therefore desire you 
would assist me and my people in Showing us the S'^ trees if 
any such have fallen within your veiws S"^ If there had been 
more Care taken of y® Timber heretofore and especially since 
IVP Waldo and I desir'd your particular Care of y® Timber up 
Saco River it might have prevented my troubling you at this 
time. When y' Bro : and I was up at y^ Said Timber some 
time last winter we found a great quantity fell and destroy 'd 
which on enquiry we found it by your deputys permission to 
it Cap' Edmund Ward which y"" Bro"^ M' Jere : Dunbar must 
be a witness two. And whereon he protested to me he should 
continue no longer in y* post. But behold when y"" Brother 
come to inform you of it no man like him to be imploy'd in 
them parts to take care of y® Kings Interests S' I have several 
evidences y* w^' take their affidavites of the above mentioned 
Destructions which I shall do in a little time. If you are in 
these parts I shall give you timely notice y* you may be 
present if you see cause. And now S"" I must come close to 
y® matter in hand for the lesser has always lyberty to SjDeak. 
And I have great reason to believe you have continued this 
officer of y" with some private veiws to damnify my Interest 
and to intercept M' Ralph Gulston in his complying with his 
contract. What Constructions can any man living make of 
it else ; when I had so earnestly desired your particular care 
of y^ aforesaid Timber. When I had likewise informed you 
that I had cleared masts roades among it Which had cost me 
some hundreds of pounds. And now am like to reap no 
benefitt by them. Which is very much to my Damage & 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 43 

likewise to y® Interest of y® contract Which I shall be able to 

prove in a short time 

I am S" Yours 

Tho Westbrook 



Rec'"- March le^f" 1730/, 
Read Octoh^ 13'" 1731, 



Indian Deed relating to Lands near Pemaquid. 

To all People Whome it may Concarne 
Know ye that I Captain John Somerset and Unnongoit 
Indian Sagamores They being the proper heirs to all thee 
Lands on Both sides of Mascongus River Have bargned and 
Sold To John Brown of New Harbour This certain Tract, or 
parcel of Lands as Followeth that is to say beginning at 
Pemaquid Falls and so runing a direct Course to the Head of 
New Harbour from thence to the South End of Musconcus 
Island takin in the Island So running Five in and Twenty 
miles into the Country North and By East, and thence Eight 
myles Nortli West and By West And then turning & runing 
South & by west to Pemaquid Where first begun to aU wich 
Lands Abue Bounded the said Capt John Somerset and 
Unnongoit Indian Sagamores have granted and made over to 
the above said John Brown of New harbour in and for Con- 
sideration of Fifty skins to us in hand Payd to our Full Sat- 
isfaction for the abovementioned Lands and We the abovesaid 
Indians Sagamores do bond our selves and Our heires forever 
to defend the above said John Brown and his heirs in the 
Quiet and Peaceable Possession of the abovesaid Lands, In 
witness Whereunto I the Said Cap* John Somerset and 
Unnongoit have Seat our hands & Seals this Fifteenth day 



44 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

of July in the Year of our Lord God one Thousand six hun- 
dred and Twenty five. 

Signed Sealed Capt John Somerset his mark & Seal 

In the presence of us Unnongoit his mark & Seal 
Mathew Newman 
William Cox. 

Rec'^ Octo"- 19^" . ^^^^ 
Read 



Complaint of Jonah Gtrover. 

To His Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq' 
Captain General and Governor in Chief in 
and over His Majesty's Province of the 
Massachusets Bay in New England, and to 
the Honorable His Majesties Council of the 
said Province. 
The Information and Complaint of Josiah Grover 
Most humbly Sheweth 

That your Informant being owner of some Lands lying 
in the Eastern parts of this Province at a Place called New 
Harbour, by virtue of a fair purchase of one John Brown of 
the Sachems of the Indian Proprietors thereof; which Deed 
bears date the fifteenth day of July one thousand six hun- 
dred twenty five, in the quiet possession whereof the a* 
Brown lived and dyed, and of whom your Informant is a 
descendant; about a month since the Informant with one 
John Brown Kinsman, and one of the Grand Children of the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 45 

s^ John Brown first named, went down to New Harbour 
afores*^ in order to clear some of their Land, build an House, 
and make Settlement thereon; Your Informant Declares 
That they had been but a little while there, until they were 
exceedingly Insulted & evilly entreated by a number of Irish 
Men, Particularly as your Complainant Grover was going out 
of New harbor in a little Schooner to Catch some fish, there 
came down Eight Irish Men Armed with Guns and Swords 
in Order to Surprize & Seize Your Informant and Carry him 
and his fishing Crew to the Fort at Pemaquid, as he was 
informed by Mess" Tarrant and Hutchinson ; but as it hap- 
pened when these Armed men came on their design, the 
Informant was just then rowing out of the Harbour and so 
escaped them at that time ; and soon after when they returned 
from fishing and were at Anchor there came on board the 
Schooner five or six Irish men Armed with Guns and Clubbs, 
and in an hostile Violent Manner surprised & seized upon 
the Infonnant & his Crew & made themselves Masters of the 
Schooner with a strong hand weighed the Anchor & steered 
twords the Fort, the contrary way and course the Informant 
was upon, and in pursuit of his lawful Business, at the same 
time menacing and terrifying the Complainant, and his fish- 
ing Company that they woold carry them to the Fort lay 
them neck and heels, and detain them till Coll Dunbar should 
arrive. 

When Your Infonnant and Company were first surprised 
in the afores*^* manner he desired leave to go on shoar to the 
s*^ John Brown then at work on our land to take care of some 
necessaries, the Irish men went with him on shoar to Brown, 
and forbid his working there saying he had no right or Busi- 
ness so to do, and at many tmies threatned to sacrifice him, 
as their Phrase was, and send him to the Devil, with all the 
New Harbour Proprietors. And one of the said Irish men 
desired leave of one Hamilton an ofiicer at the Fort, as your 



46 DOCIJMENTARY HISTORY 

Informant has bin credibly told, and he would go and kill the 
s^ Brown and send him to the Devil. 

Your Informant after securing the necessaries he had on 
shore returned to the Schooner with the Irish men, & was 
obliged to sail with them in order to their being delivered up 
to the officer at the Fort, as your Informant & Company were 
threatned ; but could not be informed they were to answer 
for any misdemeanour they having not done any unlawful 
Act they know of, but after sailing about two leagues they 
came to Anchor in the schooner & went to sleep in the Cab- 
bin ; when your Informant and Company taking the advan- 
tage of the darkness of the night season, got into the Canno, 
& without making noise paddled away leaving the Irish men 
in possession of the Schooner, & all the Informants stores & 
fishing Craft with them ; among other things were about half 
a barrel of Molasses five or six hogsheads of salt, besides 
some staves, pork, meal, bread & the like & were glad to 
escape, as it were, with the skin of their teeth, being in great 
fear & terror their lives were in danger in a very Imminent 
manner; but your Complainants have had the Chaunce to 
escape their unreasonable fury & Insolent Treatment, and 
got to Casco & so took passage to Boston in order to wait on 
His Excellency & Honours, & lay their Complaint of the 
Evil treatment they had received at the Eastward from the 
Irish People, which might be enlarged with many more 
Instances of the like nature too tedious to be inserted. But 
your Complainants would humbly hope that Your Excellency 
& Honours will take such order in the premises as may be 
Consistent with the rules of Comon honesty & Justice ; and 
that honest purchasers may not be so harrassed (fe Invaded 
in the Improvement of their just right & property, which lies 
within the Jurisdiction of this Government ; And so we are 
Emboldened to make this Remonstrance & Complaint to 
your Excellency and Honours for Your Paternal Care and 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 47 

Consideration and protection ; and of these Facts your 
Informant is ready to make Oath 

Josiah Grover 

Dated Sep' 6*^ 1T30 

The name of the Principal Actor in this Violence was 
Samuel Hamble 

Josiah Grover appearing before His Excellency the 
Govemour & Council made Solemn Oath to the truth of this 
Information. 

Attest J Willard Seciy 
Cambridge Sept' 16*^ 1730 



Colonel Dunbar to M/ Secretary Popple. 

Boston Sept' y« \b'^ 1730 
To make an apology for my writeing to you so soon after 
so long a letter as mine of the 19''' of August g Cap' Atkins 
in answer to yoxxm g the Blandford Man of Warr, I am to 
tell you that this is by way of takeing my leave as I am 
going to the New Settlements, where I must remaine until I 
hear from you, and from whence you ^vill Scarce have a 
chance of being troubled w"' any more letters from me this 
Winter. 

I Have very little to say in relation to the duty of My 
Imployment, but that I am at present disabled from Attend- 
ing it in this Government, because M' Belcher upon whom I 
waited Several times & allways with the respect due to his 
Commission, has treated me in a most extraordinary' manner 
with incredible malice and without any cause or provocation 
except in revenge for what I wrote of him to England when 
it was first reported he was appointed Gov' here ; it is said 
y* my letters gave him some trouble in London, and there he 



48 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

joyned with M'' Waldo to do me all the ill Offices they could, 
they found out that I Had been somewhat concerned in the 
Corporation of the Mines Royal, & that somes bills drawn 
upon M'" Kingsraill Eyre and accepted by him were endorsed 
to me & by me to others, at my comeing away when M' 
Eyre's notes were of good Credit, they procured as many of 
these notes as amount to five hundred p*^^' to be sent hither 
to be put in Suit against me and Governour Belcher himself 
told me that he brought over one note of 200 <£ ; and a pro- 
curation against me for it, ( what we call in England a letter 
of Attorny ) and that he did it in kindness to me because he 
told me as a great Secret that there was six hundred pounds 
of M' Eyre's in the hands of one M' Craddock a Merchant 
here which I might Attach & so save myself, I sayd Any 
body that had the Notes might as well do that as I ; Soon 
after his return from his Gov* of New Hampshhe he made it 
his busyness to enquire of one M"" Atkinson a Merchant here 
who Supplyed the New Settlem* last winter with provisions, 
how matters stood between him and me, and being told there 
was a large ballance against me, he advised Atk"^ to arrest 
me, & accordingly he took out a Writt for 2300,£, this 
Country Mony against me, being a ballance upon an Account 
onely stated by himselfe, to which I have many Objections 
and desired to referr them to 2 Merchants, but was refused, 
I have not yet been arrested upon y® writt and have Shewn 
M' Atkinson's Ace** to Sev^^ merchants here, who exposeing 
him for many Errors in them and his proceedings against me, 
sayd he would not have done it but at the instigation of the 
Governour, who he sayd had done, and would do all in his 
power to ruin me ; After this I will not offer to write any 
thing of him, because it cannot be imagined but I am preju- 
diced Against him ; You'l see in his Speeches that he has 
recommended the preservation of the Kings Woods to the 
Gen^^ Courts, I send you Copys of my Applications to him, 



OF THE STATE OF MALiSTB 49 

upon which he has done nothing more than w* are in his 
Speeches. 

In your last I am Commanded by my Lords Com" to lose 
no time in Setting out the 300,000 Acres to be reserved for 
the use of the Royal Navy, and that no grants are to be made 
prior thereto ; before I sent to Nova Scotia the two Deputys 
as land Surveyors, who are now on that Service attending 
Govern'" Philips, I received a letter from him of w'^^ I here- 
with send a copy and my answer, if I am wrong in it, I am 
sure no grants of Settlements can be made in Some Years, I 
intended in penetrating into the Country by degrees, as 1 
should find land bearing timber near water Carriage to lay 
aside all such for his Maj"®* Use, it is seldome there are any 
large tracts bearing such, I fear My Lords will blame me for 
my letter to Governour Philips, and least I might repeat the 
offence I shall Act safer this Winter to stand Still, tho in my 
Opinion it was not meant or expected that this large tract of 
300,000 Acres could be Suddainly layd aside, but that all 
lands fitt for the use of the Royal Navy should be reserved 
and not given to private persons ; if when I have the Honour 
to receive your farther Comands, pray Sir favour me with 
the Opinion and Answer of My Lords relateing to a sloop to 
attend this Service, and what I so often requested of travel- 
ling charges, if My Lords are of opinion that ye Service 
required can be done without either, I own I shall deceive 
them if I pretend to it, I do not desire to eat the Kings 
bread for nothing, nor w'^ I have his service neglected or left 
undone, if any body else should offer to imdertake it, they 
will soon find their mistake. 

I am this moment informed that y® Shepscot proprietors 
are Encouraged to go thither, & are goeing in great Numbers 
& resolve to cutt down the Mast Swamp w"^*^ I saved from 
them the last winter ; how can I prevent a Number thus 
resolved, or if I had force or assistants, how can I get to the 



60 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

place ? this I represented so often that I am ashamed to be 
so troublesome. 

If it should be His Majestys pleasure not to confirm the 
claims, there will be a kind of Warr tween these pretended 
proprietors and those y* will go to Settle upon y® Kings 
terms, for they will not quit y® possession they are now goe- 
ing to take, especially if that part of the Country is to remain 
or be within this Governm*, and if His Majesty should allow 
the claims, I am very sure the Country will never be Settled 
by them ; it is impossible for me to say more upon this head 
than I have Already repeated ; but this that these proprietors, 
now Encouraged, say openly that they will part with their 
hearts blood before they will give the King one farthing Quit 
rent, if this does not prove the sentim** of the people of this 
province until their wings are Clipt, I am much mistaken, & 
it is no difficult matter to humble them Effectually and I am 
persuaded it will be thought full time to begin with them, 
they have now again refused fixing the Sallary 80 to 4 in the 
House of representatives against it, the Gov"^ will (no doubt") 
send you the proceedings, w'^^ I onely hear from 2^ hands, as 
I keep within my doors, they say if their Charter were taken 
away they must have a Council and Assembly, & they never 
will consent to tax themselves to fix a Sallary, so that it is 
plain they are not to be treated like any other of His Majes- 
ties Subj*' I was allways of opinion that they never will be 
made sensible of their duty until und"^ another form of Gov- 
ernm* and 2 or 3 Reg*^ among them, and as they would occa- 
sion this Expence, I think a reasonable method might be 
proposed to make this Country pay it. 

I would first propose that as there is a Custome House 
here and all the Sallarys payd from home, the Parliament 
might lay a duty upon all rum & Molasses & Brown Sugar 
imported into the Masachusets Governm* onely, & lOX g 
cent ad valorem upon all other goods and Merchandises 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 51 

imported, as in Ireland upon all things from England, even 
Cloaths and wearing apparel, and they may deserve to be 
further distinguished from his Majesty s better Subjects in 
haveing some duty even upon salt imported for a few years, 
to make them the jest of their neighbors, & convince them 
how easily Eugland could cramp them. 

At present all the plantations have one advantage of the 
people in England, which is that there is a drawback allowed 
for all India or other goods exported, which pay a duty in 
England and no duty is payd upon importing them in the 
plantations, it does not seem unreasonable that either there 
should be no drawback, or pay Kings duty else where. 

Some months ago I gave my Lords Com" an ace* of the 
Manufacturing Iron here, & herewith I send the tools men- 
tioned in my last, if by Act of Parliament all Sea Coal was 
prohibited being imported into this Country, and none to be 
water carried, this would Effectually stop all the Slitting 
Mills, Nailerys & other works, w*^*' are now wrought with 
Coals from Newcastle, and some brought from near y" french 
Settlements in the bottome of y** bay of Fundy. 

As I was writeing this M'' Auchmuty, y® Kings Advocate 
General Called to tell me that he was sent for by the Gov- 
ernour & Coimcil to give his Opinion upon a most virulent 
case drawn up against 5 or 6 men for goeing on board a small 
scooner near Fredericks Fort and carrying her two leagues 
along shore, I fancy the Governour will send you a Copy of 
it, they would fain make it piracy but the Advocate laught 
at it, I wish it may be sent to you that my Lords may see 
what an inveteracy there is in these people ag' those at the 
New Settlement, who are over and over stigmatized with the 
name of Irish, the Advocate told me with concern that if I 
go to Fredericks fort the Governour & Council here will send 
a force to take it from me and bring me up a prisoner, I had 
this morning an Opportunity of acquainting Col° Philipps 



52 DOCUMElSrTABY HISTOEY 

with it at Annapolis, & told him I apprehend'd it under his 
Governm*, and would Obey any orders he shoold send 
thither, I Have upon this occasion put into the Advocates 
hands His Majestys instructions to me, your last letter of the 
7*"^ of May, & Representations from My Lords Com" of the 
14*'' of May 1729 in order to have his opinion how far I can 
resist Such an Attempt, at present I am resolved to try what 
they will doe, & not be frighted or putt off by words ; if I 
could be justifyed in it I am sure I could defend the place 
against this Governour & his best Regiment; I am to have 
no Notice of this intention against me, but to be Surprised, I 
shoold think that they ought to caution me against goeing 
thither and give reasons for it, that I might not go thither, 
I intend not to meddle with any lands until I have further 
instructions relating to the claims, except when I am directed, 
& wish I may be able to do anything there. 

I send herewith one of the applications made to me imme- 
diately after my arrival here, onely to shew to my Lords how 
pressing people were with me to begin the New Settlements. 

Whenever my Lords will Honour me with their Commands, 
pray lett them be under Cover to John Jekyl Esq"^ Collector 
here, they will come Safer and he will convey them to me, I 
am with my Duty to my Lords 

Sir Your most Humble & Obed* Servant 
David Dunbar 

Rec'^ Nov'' 19^^ \ ^^^^ 

Read Janry 5 1730/1 / 



Petition of heirt or assigns of Ancient proprietors of Falmouth. 

To his Excellency Jon^ Belcher Esq' Cap* Gen^ Gov' & 
Comm"^ in Chief in and over his Majestys Province of the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 63 

Massachusetts bay in New England and to the Hon^^® the 
Council and House of Representatives in General Court 
Assembled September 1730/ 

The Humble petition of us the Subscribers the heirs or 
Assigns of the Ancient proprietors of Land in the Town of 
Falmouth in Casco bay for themselves and at the desire and 
in behalf of the other proprietors of s*^ Town. 
Sheweth/ 

That Sundi-y of the Ancient proprietors for them- 
selves and in behalf of other Ancient proprietors of Lands in 
said Town presented their petition to the great and General 
Court or Assembly of this Province in August 1728 Setting 
forth at large as therein Exprest and the Consideration of the 
said hath by the Hon^^® Court been referr'd from Session to 
Session untill this time And in as much as they have been 
and now are very great Sufferers by unjust Incroachments 
on their Lands, Rights & properties Contrary to the true 
Intent and Order of the Hon^^^ Court in 1718, as at Large 
set forth m said petition and the longer they are kept out of 
their just Inheritances and purchases the more precarious 
their Titles will be and for as much as that in the General 
destruction of the said Town by the French and Indian 
enemy in 1689 the records and writings and also the deed or 
Instrument of the Honb^® Thomas Danforth Esq' for said 
Township as Observ'd in said petition was Likewise destroy'd 
A Counterpart thereof is in the Secretary's Office w*"^ in 
Cases of Inevitable ruin and Calamity hath for ever been 
Esteem'd in Law and Equity to be Good and Sufficient 
Evidence of their being Such an Instrument once in being, 

Wherefore your petitioners for themselves and in behalf of 
the other Ancient proprietors most humbly pray that Your 
Excellency and Honours will be pleas'd to Consider the said 
petition and Grant t^o your petitioners a full hearing thereon 
and also to Establish and Ratify the Substance of the said 



54 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

deed or Instrument so destroy'd but now made known by 
the Counterpart thereof and that the same may be Order'd 
to be put on Record as was the pleasure and Wisdom of the 
Hon^'« Court relating to the Deed of the Hon^'^ Tho« Dan- 
forth Esq"' for the Township of Scarborough of the like 
Tenour w*** the above Mentioned And further your peti- 
tioners humbly pray that Your Excellency and Honours will 
be pleased to Examine into the true State of your petitioners 
and the Town and adjust the same or Afford such further 
relief m the premises as You in Your Consummate wisdom 
shall see meet and your petitioners as in duty bound shall 
ever pray 

Corne" Waldo Fori 
Thomas Westbrook y 
& Samuel Waldo J 
Benj* Walker John Smith 

Edmund Mountfort John Soudon 
Grace Marshall for Joseph Brimhall 
James Mariner Steph, Boutineau for self 

& James Baudowin John Higginson for self & 
M' James Lindall for Sam^^ Sewall 
Peres Bradford for self & W™ Peirce 
John Smith Attorney to Jos. Maylem 
John Walker 
In Council Sept. 22. 1730. 
Read & Committed 



Agents of Falmouth their Answer to the Petition of Tho^ 
Westbrook ^ others, 1730. 

To His Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq'' Captain 
General & Governour in Chief in and over His 
Maj"** Province of the Massachusets Bay, To the 



OF THE STATE OF MAESTE 55 

Hono^^^ His Majesties Council and House of Rep- 
resentatives in General Court Assembled at Cam- 
bridge Sept' 1730 
The Answer of John East & John Tyng Agents for, 
and in behalf of the Town of Falmouth in the County 
of York ~ 
Most humbly Sheweth That the Inhabitants of 

the s*^ Town of Falmouth having bin lately convened here to 
Answer the Complaint or Petition of Thomas Westbrook and 
others, ( who would feign distinguish themselves by the name 
of Ancient Proprietors of the s^ Town, in order to gloss over 
their frivolous pretensions) In obedience thereto, have 
Imployed John East & John Tyng as Agents, which will 
appear, by the Record of the Town herewith Exhibited ; And 
in Answer to the s"^ Complaint, or petition ; Your Respon- 
dents beg leave to recite such part thereof only, as they 
account Material; and then give a clear & Satisfactory 
Answer thereto : even such as they hope will be deemed suffi- 
cient by this Great and General Court, to dismiss the s'* Peti- 
tion, and free the Inhabitants for the future, from the Vexa- 
tious Complaints, of these pretended Ancient Proprietors - 

The substance of their Petition, as Your Respond" Imagme, 
amounts to no more than this viz. " That the Hono^^® " the 
Governor & Company of the Massachusets, Proprietors of 
the Province of Main, Impowered a Comittee to make & 
bring forward settlements, in the Eastward parts ; That in 
Execution of that power, the Hono^^^ Thomas Danforth on 
the 26^'' of July Anno Dom 1684 did grant and convey the 
Lands in ffalmouth Township to Capt Edward Tyng and 
others Trustees &c in behalf of the Inhabitants of the s*^ 
Town, That they in the Execution of the s'^ power and Trust 
laid out Lots of Land to many Persons, who settled & 
Improved the same till drove off by the Indians in the late 
Terrible War; That since that time viz in the years 1715, 



56 DOCUMENT ABY HISTORY 

1717 & 1718 they have made applications here, to the Gen- 
eral Court for protection to bring forward a settlem* That 
Anno 1718 the Court was pleased to Revive the Committee, 
who reported to the Court, That it was necessary a Town 
should be setled with apt bounds & Invested with the power 
of a Town ; which was Accepted & Confirmed, And further 
Ordered That fifty Familys should be added, & settlements 
given to them, so that the same did not Infringe on former 
rights &c And further Add, That they are Proprietors by 
Grant from S' Fardinando Gorges, and the s^ Thomas Dan- 
forth Esq"", and that their Case is Lamentable, by reason, that 
since tlie Peace, such a number of Inhabitants have rolled in 
upon them, that they compare them to a flood, under colour 
of the last recited Grant, without the Consent of them who 
are Proprietors, in an unjust & disorderly manner & possessed 
themselves of the Lands, which their Ancestors, with great 
expence & hazard of their lives have Maintained & have 
granted away those Lands which were with so much Care 
Guarded against in the Vote of November ; and then unnec- 
essaryly repeat what they had often before Said, and pray 
that by the Interposition of this Great and General Court 
Danforths Deed may be deemed good, that the Comittee, or 
another in their stead may be revived, the happy effect of 
which, the People of North Yarmouth have Experienced ~ 

That the Town, tho known to be Invested with the power 
of a Township, may for some time cease to Execute the same, 
or what they have done be partly or wholly declared Void, 
and the petitioners gain such release, as may free them from 
" the supposed Destruction &c," ~ * 

Now, in Answer thereto, Your Respondents in behalf of 
the TcwTi say. That the facts relating to the Ancient Estab- 
lishment of the Town, the Indian War & the effects thereof, 
& the Application of sundry Supposed, or real Proprietors, 
in the years 1715 1717 & 1718 may all be true; but it is 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 57 

submitted to the Wisdom of this Great, and General Assem- 
bly how far the same, be lawfully proved, or that those sub- 
scribers, or those they claim from were the Ancient Proprie- 
tors, & had a right Exclusive of the present Inhabitants - 

They acknowledge it is true That some of the present 
Inhabitants were Introduced by force of the settlement of the 
General Court, & what was thereupon Acted ; but add that 
the Petitioner Westbrook himself Introduced no less than 
fourteen of the fifty, who can surely have no right to Object 
to the proceedings, that he himself Chiefly Occasioned; ~ 
And Your respond''* further Urge and Insist, That so far as 
they know, since the year 1718 (that the Inhabitants have 
acted as a Town, they have not granted away to any Per- 
son whatsoever the particular right of any Ancient Proprie- 
tor, but have always squared themselves in their Grants 
Receiving Inhabitants to the best of their Judgment & Dis- 
cretion, and acted therein with the Utmost Justice & Equity 
they were Masters of ; Always having in View the Grant & 
direction of the Great & General Court ; But they never 
accounted themselves Judges, so as to give away or finally 
determine the right of any particular Person, but always left 
those matters to the Decision of the Kings Court, for as they 
were Conscious that no such power rested in them, so it 
would have been a difficult task to perform if it had, many 
claimers appearing for the same right, & pretending Ancient 
Grants to support their demands ~ But still they humbly 
Conceive That these matters are yet fairly determinable by 
the Common course of Law and the Petitioners can have no 
Just cause to Complain, or seek relief here, till they have 
asserted & tryed their rights at the Common Law, Especially 
when Your Excellency & Honors shall strictly Consider the 
particulars they seek for to be granted ~ As first, That you 
shall determin the Validity of a Supposed Deed, which is 
only tryable by the Ley Gens ~ And secondly to Grant a 



58 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

power to a Comittee to do that which there is no colour for; 
for with great danger & Expence maintained themselves in 
their settlements during the last Indian War, to whom they 
were much Exposed And during which time they have 
received no help from the Petitioners, but their pretences, or 
of the greatest part of them, slept till the War & all danger 
was over & when the Inhabitants that stood the brunt of it, 
& supported their settlements, and so made the Land Valua- 
ble, then some of these pretended Ancient Proprietors Started 
their dormant Claims, which for Argument Sake admitting 
they had right to ; yet what reason can they give, why they 
dont sue for it, but would Obtain that by Extraordinary 
means, which if they have a right to, they might Easily 
accomplish by due course of Law — 

But Thirdly What colour can there be for this Great & 
General Court, to Interpose by an Extraordinary power to 
Overthrow & Invalidate the Votes & solemn Grants of the 
Town & Inhabitants for twelve years past ~ The Complainers 
are furnished with no particular proof or reason to Induce 
Your Excellency & this Hono^^® Court to think them defec- 
tive, wrong or unjust ; or if so yet surely the same is to be 
first tryed in the Ordinary Course of Justice, which they 
have never yet Attempted ; or if so at any time, the same 
has bin Attended with no success on their side, & the pre- 
sumption in Law, is in favour of your respond** that matters 
of this nature, which have been solemnly, publickly & delib- 
erately transacted & which concern the Peace & prosperity 
of a Town, have been fairly & honestly Acted, without design 
of fraud, or to prejudice any particular Person. 

But in fact the Town have granted and setled many that 
claim from the Ancient Proprietors, in their Just dues, who 
are now become part of the present Inhabitants & Incorpo- 
rated with them ; And the Town still leave these supposed 



OF THE STATE OF ISIALNE 59 

Proprietors, when they see fit, to Contest their rights accord- 
ing to the due course of Law ~ 

Now so it is. May it please Your Excellency & Honours, 
That the former To\ati Clerk, withholds the Town Books 
from the Respondents & the Town, by which means they 
could with ease prove the mistake of the Petitioners or Com- 
plainants, & the truth of what they y'^ Respondents now Aver 
on their part ; And further it is to be Observed That what- 
ever has been acted since 1718 has been Chiefly owing to the 
Acts of the Ancient Proprietors, who being upwards of 
twenty ffamilies in the year 1718 & b;y whom the fifty new 
Inhabitants were Admitted & with whom the present Inhab- 
itants JojTied & Concurred in all matters that have since 
respected the Admission of Inhabitants & Granting of Lands, 
And further the Deed of Danforth when produced did limit 
the Estate to the Inhabitants who therefore have now a right 
by virtue of them general Words to Assert the same And 
upon the whole Your respondents humbly hope this Great & 
General Court ( whose power &; Justice they shall never 
Question ) will see Just Cause to dismiss the present frivo- 
lous Complaint of the Petitioners - 
And as in duty bound shall always pray &c 

John East 
John Tyng 

Read Sept 22, 1730 



Colonel Bunhar to M^ Secretary Popple 

Boston October the G*"^ 1730 
Sir 

Since my last of the 15*'' of September such very 
Extraordinary proceedings have happened here that I thought 
there was an absolute Necessity to send home the bearer my 



60 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

brother ( one of my Deputys in whose room I have appointed 
another to do his duty ) to represent Matters to My Lords 
Commissioners for Trade & Plantations, He is fully instructed 
by me to do so, and has the Copys of all my letters, y* if any 
have Miscarried the defects may be Supplyed ; it is in vaine 
for me to descend here to any particulars of what will be 
layd before my Lords ; I am very uneasy until I hear y® 
Issue of the Armed force sent by this Governm' to break up 
the Settlement at Fredericks-fort, that place can defend it 
Selfe against a thousand men without Cannon, and if Any 
Violence be offered to the people, I dread the consequences, 
I told Governour Belcher soe, but his proceedings were so 
private that I knew nothing of it until the Vessel & men in 
Armes were Sent away, I may have another Opportunity in 
a week to acquaint you with what may happen, & I Hope 
that what I now represent by my brother will be approved 
by their Lordships, to whom pray present my humble duty. 
I am Sir Your most Obedient Humble Servant 

David Dunbar 

I send you a Sett of the Votes of the General Court here to 
show their continued Opposition to the Kings instruction for 
fixing a Sallary on the Governour. 

Reed Noy'- 8*^ \ ^^^^ 
Bead DO 10: /^^^^ 



Agreement. 

Articles of Agreement made and concluded upon y^ 7*^ Day 
of Octo'' 1730 & in y® 4'^ Year of his Majesties reign between 
Henry Hope of Boston in the Province of the Massachusetts 
Bay in New England Merch* on the one part and Thomas 
Perkins & John Perkins of Kennebunk in the County of 



OF THE STATE OF aiAINE 61 

York Husbandmen or Labourers of the other part. Wit- 
nesseth 

That for and in Consideration of four hundred and twenty- 
Pounds to be paid by the said Henry Hope unto the said 
Thomas and John Perkins as is hereafter mentioned they the 
said Thomas and John Perkins promise to procure the fol- 
lowing Masts & Yards of Good Merchantable white pines 
and to be bro't to Portsmouth in Piscataqua and Delivered 
to the said Henry Hope on their own proper Acco* and 
Risque. Vizt, Twenty Yards of the following Dimensions 
four of fifteen Inches Diameter of sixty foot Long, Eight of 
Sixteen Inches Diameter sixty four foot long Eight of sev- 
enteen Inches Diameter of sixty eight foot long when hewed 
into a sixteen square. Also forty Masts all w'^'' are to be 
hewed in Portsmouth Piscataqua Each into sixteen square 
and to bear or measure vizt. five of y"* Twenty Inches in y® 
Partners & sixty eight foot in length five Masts of Twenty 
one Inches in the Partners & seventy foot in length Ten 
masts twenty two inches in the Partners seventy three foot 
long Ten masts twenty three Inches in the partners seventy 
six foot long Ten Masts twenty four Inches in the Partners 
Eighty two foot long & there to be hewed as afores*^ & bro't 
into sixteen ^qare and Delivered unto the said Hope or 
Order in a proper and convenient landmg place in 8^ Town 
of Portsmouth Twenty of which masts are to be Delivered as 
aforesaid together w*^ Ten Yards by the first Day of Decem- 
ber ensuing and are to be of the following Dimensions Viz* 
five masts of twenty Inches in the Partners & sixty eight foot 
long and five masts of twenty one Inches in the Partners 
seventy foot long five Ditto twenty two Inches in the Part- 
ners seventy three foot long & five Ditto twenty three inches 
in the Partners and seventy six foot long The ten Yards to 
be Delivered at y® same time & place viz* the first of Decem- 
ber next at Portsmouth of y® following Dimensions Viz* Two 



62 DOCUMENTAHy HISTORY 

yards of fifteen Inches in y* Slings Four Ditto of sixteen 
Inches in y® Slings and four Ditto of seventeen Inches in y® 
Slings of the lengths as aforesaid. The other twenty masts 
and ten yards are to be delivered in Portsmouth aforesaid by 
the first Day of April next and hewed as aforesaid into a six- 
teen square Viz* Five masts twenty two inches Diameter in 
the Partners and seventy three foot long Five Ditto Twenty 
three inches in the Partners seventy six foot long. Ten 
Ditto twenty four inches in the Partners and Eighty two foot 
long All the s*^ Masts & Yards to hold a Due & equal pro- 
portion, as are usual, also to be Delivered at Portsmouth 
aforesaid According to the time before mentioned Viz'^ Two 
Yards fifteen inches Diameter sixty foot long Four Ditto six- 
teen Inches Diameter sixty four foot long Four Ditto 
seventeen Inches Diameter sixty eight foot long In Consider- 
ation whereof the said Henry Hope doth hereby oblige him- 
self his Heirs Exe*"^* and Admin*"^^ upon the Delivery of the 
said Masts and Yards as aforesaid to pay unto the said 
Thomas & John Perkins their Heirs &c the full sum of four 
hundred and twenty pounds in manner following viz* 
Twenty five Pounds upon the signing of this agreement or 
Contract and Thirty five Pounds money by the 20**^ of Octo'^ 
Instant to make up one third part of the whole payment upon 
Delivery of the masts & yards in Dec"^ next Viz* one third 
part in English Goods at the Market Price in Boston & two 
thirds in money and the remainder part two thirds in money 
and one third in Goods upon the Delivery of the whole of y® 
8*^ Masts & Yards According to y® above contract in April 
next To the which Agreement well & truly to be performed 
y® s*^ Henry Hope on his part & Thomas & John Perkins on 
y' part do jointly and severally bind y™ selves to each other 
y"^ Heir_Ex*" & Admin*" in y® sum of five hundred to be 
paid to them their Heirs &c on Condition of either of y' 
Nonperformance. 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 63 

In Testimony whereof they have hereunto Interchangeably 
sett y"^ Hands & seals y® year & Day above written. 

Notwithstanding the above obligation of y® s*^ Perkins to 
run all risques of towing up the masts it is only to be con- 
sider'd y* if any Masts or Yards are lost in bringing to this 
place y® contracters are the loses Viz* Perkins on y'' part and 
not y* s*^ Hope. 

Signed sealed & Delivered y® Marke of 

in presence of us Thomas Perkins & a seal 

Jn** Nettmaker Jn° Perkins & a seal 
Jn° Penhallow 

Endorsed Portsmouth 7 Octo' 1730 
Rece^ of Henry Hope thirty Pounds 
money in pt & to Acco* of y® within contract 

John Perkins 

A True Copy of the Original & left on file Instead thereof 
Examined g John Ballantine Cler 



Colonel Dunbar to 31^ Jeremiah Dunbar. 

ten o'clock Wednesday Morning 

Oct' y« 7'^ 1730 
Just now Captain Woodside who commands y® Fort on 
Saco Ptiver came to me, & told me he came direct from the 
lieutenant Governour, who ordered him to repair to his 
post, for that he and the 4 Boston Members were ordered as 
a Committee to go in the province sloop to take a view of 
the Fortifications ; that the province sloop was fitting out for 
them & 5 Guns put on board ; the Lieu' Governour said in 
Cap* Woodsides hearing, that they were goeing to take pos- 
session of their own Governm* againe, & that as he came 
from St Georges, he would call in at Pemaquid; One of 



64 DOCHMBNTAHY HISTORY 

those who are named to go in the sloop (for they are all 
chosen ) told Woodside that this view of y® Fortifications is 
onely a pretence to take Fredericksfort, & to use the people 
ill ; What can I do in this case when I am commanded by 
my Lords Com" for Trade to avoyd any dispute with these 
people ; their Lordships say nothing about any part of that 
Country being under this Governm* & y® disputes relate 
onely to the private property of y® Lands, w*^^ was not deter- 
mined by his Majesty ; if I was settled at Penobscot or 
beyond it, I am ordered upon any Occasion to apply to Gov- 
ernour Philips, as being under his Gov* And so is all the 
Lands as far as Kennebeck, as I was instructed at the Board 
of Trade, notwithstanding which M' Belcher and this people 
claims all as far as St Croy. In this case I know not what 
to doe, I have no power or comission to make resistance, & 
these people know my orders not to have any dispute w*'* 
them, which they impudently construe to be from the fears 
the Ministry have to disoblige them ; I never had a stronger 
inclinat" in my life than to go imediately down to Fredericks- 
fort, & if I doe I must either be affronted or come to blows 
w*^ a people who are as ripe for Rebellion as their ancestors 
in 4 i/^ if this does not prove so I will Submit to be hanged, 
I intend to desire the opinion of Cap* Brothers, & the Kings 
Advocate & Attorny Gen" how I shall behave upon this 
Affair & to govern myself accordingly ; I onely desire an 
Authority without any assistance but ye new Letters to 
Defend my Selfe ag* Cap* General Belcher, & all y® force he 
could carry with him, I desire you will upon yo* Arrivall 
immediately communicate this to y^ Secretary of State and 
to the Lds. of Trade, & press an imediate Answer, ships 
often arrive here in January. 

Woodside tells me the story about seizing y® scooner 
was done on purpose to get a pretence of quarrelling, for y* 
she was ordered to bring away staves & timber cutt by the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 65 

people of Fredericksfort, & to quit the vessel if any one 
claiming the staves shoold go on board. I wish j^ou a 
speedy passage & am 

Your aff* Brother & Serv* 

David Dunbar 

^ead ^ ^ovem^lP'' 1730 



Colonel Dunbar to M'^ Secretary Popple. 

Boston October the 21*^ 1730. 
Sir 

Since my last g my brother, I Have attended a committee 
of the House of Representatives upon a Summons, Governour 
Belcher haveing recouiended to them the passing of Such 
Laws as were requisite for preservation of His Maj^^* Woods. 
I herewith send you the Votes to shew how the House 
received the report of the Com'^® in favor of the bill proposed 
by me. 

Since my brothers Departure, the Sloop which this Gov- 
ermn* sent to Fredericks fort, returned to York in the prov- 
ince of Maine, & put into the goal there 4 poor fellows 
whom they took working in the Woods near the Fort, where 
they are now starveing ; their crime was the pretended riott 
or Act of pyracy mentioned in my last, they have been tryed 
at one Court and tho nothing could be made of it, they are 
continued over until January Next; this is y® justice of this 
Country to Strangers and foreigners as all his Majestys 
European Subjects are called here ; The poor pallatines men- 
tioned in my former to yoxa are begging about town it woold 
move any other people to see them, no dyeing Criminals look 
more pitteously, they were bound to Pensilvania but brought 

5 



66 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

in there as I formerly mentioned, where they are likely to 
perish this winter. 

I Herewith send some papers w'''* my brother will take 
Copys of, and lay the Originals before my Lords Comission- 
ers, I have long been detained here by a most malitious per- 
secution at the instigation of Governour Belcher and D' 
Cook, all indifferent people say they never heard of such 
usage My brother will tell you the whole, I am now goeing 

to winter at Fredericks fort. 

♦ 
This town at this time is full of french men, come to 

carry away large ships to their plantations, purchased here 

with rum & Molasses, the practice is for a Merchant here to 

go with the ships beyond the Fort, & there to give a bill of 

Sale & the register to the french Master, & thus evade the 

Acts of Navigation, besides rum & Molasses the french send 

and bring wines and great quantitys of their silks, & all this 

connived at. pray present my humble Duty to My Lords 

Commissioners, I am Sir 

Y-^ Most Obed* Servant 

David Dunbar 

^^^^ \ Decern'' 31'* 1730 



Order in Council to restrain Grov'^ Belcher from Military/ 
Execution against FredericJcsfort. 

At the Court of S* James's 
the 12"' day of November 1730 
Present 
The Kings most Excellent Majesty in Council. 

Whereas it hath been represented to His Majesty at this 
Board that Jonathan Belcher Esq""* His Majestys Governour 
of the Province of Massachusetts Bay is preparing for a Mill- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 67 

tary Expedition against Fredericks Fort formerly called the 
Fort of Pemaquid in Order to remove severall Irish Protes- 
tants lately settled upon certain Lands there by Colonel 
Dunbar Surveyor Generall of His Majestys Woods in those 
parts to which Lands no private Persons have hitherto sett 
up any Claim - And whereas it hath been further Repre- 
sented that the People of Massachusetts Bay do Claim a 
Right of Government over the said Tract of Land by Virtue 
of a Clause in their Charter. And that a State of the Case 
concerning such Right is now preparing in Order to be laid 
before His Majestys Attorney and Sollicitor Generall for 
their Opinion thereupon - His Majesty this day took the 
same into His Royal Consideration and looking upon an 
attempt of this Nature to be unjustifiable, and that it may in 
its Consequence prove fatal to many of His Majestys good 
Subjects in those parts - Is hereby pleased with the advice 
of His Privy Council to Order that His Majestys Governor 
or Commander in Chief of the said Province of Massachu- 
setts Ba3^ do immediately upon the receipt hereof Abstain 
from Military Execution and Cause a Stop to be putt to all 
proceedings of any kind in this Affair untill the right to the 
said Tract of Land shall be determined, and His Majestys 
further pleasure Signified thereupon. 

A true Copy 
Jas Vernon 

^^^^ } Bec^ 2:1730 



Instructions of Gov^ Belcher to the Lieut^ Gtov^ and Others. 

His Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq' Captain General and 
Governour in Chief in and over His Majesties Province of 
the Massachusetts Bay having desired and Impowered us the 



68 DOCUMENTARY HISTOKY 

Subscribers by Instructions given under his hand the 29*^ of 

October last past to Embark on Board the Sloop Endeavour 

Captain Thomas Saunders Master, which Instructions are as 

followeth viz*^ 

Province of the ) _, ^_.. ^ „ , ^ 

, T. [ Jjy His Excellency the Govemour. 

Massachusetts Bay ) 

"Instructions to the Honourable Lieut. Governour Taller, 
" Elisha Cooke, Samuel Thaxter, Spencer Phipps, John 
" Quincey, Thomas Berry Esq" & M"^ Edward Shove for 
"viewing the Fortifications in the Eastern parts of this 
" Province & other Services hereinafter mentioned. 

" In Pursuance of His Majesties Command to me directed 
" for Transmitting to His Majesty & to the Lords Commis- 
"sioners for Trade and Plantations, as also to the Master 
" General and Principal Officers of His Majesties Ordnance 
" An Acco* of the State of defence of the Forts and Fortifi- 
" cations within this Province. 

" I desire & Impower you to Embark on Board the Sloop 
" Endeavour Capt Thomas Saunders Master ( whom I have 
" directed to receive your Orders in his whole proceeding ) & 
" with the first fair Wind to Sail for S* Georges River & 
*' upon your Arrival there to repair to His Majesties Fort in 
" that place under the Command of Cap* John Gyles of which 
" ffortification you are to take an exact plan & to observe the 
" present Condition of the works the Situation of the Fort 
" and Nature of the Ground whereon it stands as also of the 
" Adjacent Country You are likewise desired to take a par- 
" ticular Acco* of the Great Ordnance Small arms and Stores 
" of Warr & the number and Condition of the Garrison Sol- 
"diers, together with their Order & regulation. You are 
" also to Remark the river and harbour there with its Com- 
" modiousness or Incommodiousness for Navigation. 

" From S* Georges River you are directed to proceed to 
"Pemaquid & view that Place and Harbour Noting the 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 69 

"Number & Condition of the Inhabitants there and what 
"regulation and circumstances they are under as also what 
"may be necessary for this Government to do for their 
" Encouragement and defence in case any difficulty or dispute 
"should arise with the Indians. And if you discover any 
" Fort or Garrison there with the Kings fflagg flying you are 
" to Enquire and know who Commands & by whose Author- 
" ity such Fort or Garrison was Erected and is maintained 

" From Pemaquid you must proceed to Richmond Fort 
" under the Command of Cap* Joseph Heath, from thence to 
" Fort George at Brunswick under the Command of Cap* 
" Benj* Larrabee, from thence to Fort Mary at Winter Har- 
" bour under the Command of Cap* James Woodside & so to 
"the Truck house on Saco River under the Command of 
" Cap* Thomas Smith at every of which Fortifications you 
"are to take Plans and draughts thereof & to note your 
" Observations as to the several particulars contained in the 
"first Instructions refering to the Fort at S* Georges River. 

" I Do hereby Commit to your care a quantity of Goods 
" shiped on Board the s*^ Sloop Endeavour and designed as 
"presents to the Eastern Indians, And do direct you to par- 
" eel out the s*^ Goods into Lots for the Several Tribes in 
" some proportion to the number of their people and if you 
" meet any of the Chiefs of the S^ Tribes at the Forts above- 
" said or can call them in without too great a loss of time 
" you must deliver the s*^ Goods as a present from this His 
" Majesties Governm* with the Assurance of my good will & 
" Friendship to them Acquainting them that I am firmly 
"resolved on my part to maintain Inviolably the peace 
" Established between us & that if they are faithful on their 
"part they will always be Continued under His Majesties 
" Protection, You are likewise to Inform them that I shall 
" be glad to see some of their Chiefs at Boston in the Spring 
" if they are so disposed, You must make all proper dispatch 



70 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

" at the Several places where you are directed to go & upon 
"your return report to me your proceedings as to all the 
"Articles beforementioned Notwithstanding the particulars 
" of the forementioned Instructions you have a discretionary 
" power to pursue the general design of them in such manner 
" as any unforeseen Accident may make necessary - 

Given under my hand at Boston the 
twenty Ninth day of October 1730 
In the fourth Year of His Majesties 
Reign 

J. Belcher 

" You are likewise directed and Impowered to repair to Salem 
" and to Marblehead and observe the Situation and Circum- 
" stances of the Forts as above and within Specified & report 
" to me afores*^ 

J. Belcher 

In Pursuance of which the day following being the 30'*^ 
day of October at Ten of the Clock A. M. we repared on 
board the Sloop Endeavour then lying at Anchor off Castle 
Island near Boston. Soon after we came to Sail we directed 
the Master to make the best of his way to Richmond Fort 
near Kennebeck River which Conclusion we came into fear- 
ing least that river might be ffroze up should we first proceed 
to the Truck house near Georges River where we arrived on 
Tuesday the 3^^ of November following Cap' Joseph Heath 
the Commanding officer there came on Board and was 
directed upon going on shore to acquaint some Indians who 
we discovered in the Woods near the Fort tliat we intended 
Speedily to come on shore where we should have somewhat 
to say to them. 

Immediately after our landing an Indian Man commonly 
called Cap* John of the Tribe of Narridgawock with about 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 71 

thirteen Men & the like number of Women and Children 
came up to the Fort where we received them & gave them 
to understand that we had something to offer on behalf of 
the Governm* of the Massachusetts which we should com- 
municate to them on the morrow desirmg those then present 
to bring with them as many Indians as they could having 
first paid the usual Compliments at meeting with them, 
when they took leave they laid down a Small pack of River 
Skins sayings that was what they had & prayed an Accept- 
ance thereof tho but of Little value and at the same time 
Expressed a General Satisfaction to see us there. 

The next day according to appointment they with Seven 
Men more and Several Women and Children met us with 
whom we had some discourse in the words following viz* 
Lieu* Governour, Interpreter Acquaint them that His Excel- 
lency Governour Belcher having Intrusted And Impowered 
the Honble William Tailer Esq"^ Lieu* Governour & the 
other five Gentlemen here present with him to manage some 
Publick affairs in this Eastern Country &> Supposing that in 
their Journeying they might meet with some of the Chief 
Indians & part of their Tribes from his good disposition 
towards the Natives here, moved the Great & General Court 
to send down some Blankets & other things as a present to 
be distributed to the Several Tribes and disposed of by them 
as they should agree part of which we in the name and on 
the behalf of the Government now lay before you to be 
divided to and among you all now present. This is given 
you in Consideration of your past good Demeanour towards 
his Majesties good Subjects. 

And His Excellency Governour Belcher expresly directed 
us to assure you & all the other Tribes that as long as they 
continue faithful they may depend upon his Majesties Pro- 
tection & that they will never want the Friendship of him 
& the whole Governm* who purpose forever on their part to 



72 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

keep and maintain Inviolable the Peace lately Established & 
Ratified at Falmouth in Casco Bay August 1726 

We further Inform you that His Excellency Govern' 
Belcher will be glad to see some of the Chiefs of your Tribes 
of Indians inhabiting these parts at Boston next Spring, if 
they see cause to come there We then made them a present 
of part of the Goods Shiped for that purpose after which 
they expressed their thankfulness for what they had reced &> 
would have Entered on the Article of Trade. To which we 
replyed that we had no Instruction on that head, We enter- 
tained them after dinner and then Dismissed them. 

Tliis afternoon we took a View of the House Built for the 
reception of the Indians which stands about half a Mile from 
Richmond Fort and is very Conveniently Situated for that 
End. We viewed the Fort and took the Several lines of it 
and made a Plan thereof which is hereunto annexed We 
found some of the Platforms in the Fort out of repair the 
Fort ffronts South stands on a rising Ground about three 
hundred feet fiom the river & twenty-five Mile from the Sea 
the Land on which the Fort stands is Clayey there are about 
ilifty Acres round the Fort cleared & is generally good and 
the adjacent Land seems to be a good Soil 

An Acco* of the Great Ordnance Small Arms & Stores of 
Warr is as follows viz* 

2 Six pounders 5 Three pounders 2 D** Split 2 Swivel 
Guns 20 Shot for the Six pounders 1 Barrel Cannon powder 

3 Worms 2 Spounges 5 Ramers 1 Quire Cartridge paper 6 
Small Province Arms 1 Barrel of Powder for Ditto 3^ Weight 
of Musket Ball 5 hundred of fflints 1 Old Flagg 1 Old Drum 
2 Pick Axes 4 Country Pots 2 Shovels 4 Wood Axes 

The Garrison Consists of an Officer & twenty Centinells an 
Interpreter and an Armourer 

This river runs near North & South & is Navigable twenty 
mile above the Fort. 



OF THE STATE OF :\L\JNE 73 

Thursday Nov'^ 5^^^ Tliis morning we Embarked on Board 
the Sloop in order to proceed to Fort George at Brunswick 
where we arrived about five of the Clock in the Afternoon 
the next morning we took the lines of the Fort and made a 
Plan thereof which is hereto annexed, We found the Build- 
ings in the s*^ Forts out of repair & Suitable Lodgings for 
the Soldiers wanting & Several of the Carriages for the Great 
Guns much decayed. This Fort ffronts South stands near 
to Pejepscot Falls at the Entrance of Amoscoggen river 
about twelve miles Distant from tlie Chaps of jMerry meeting 
Bay the Fort is Built on a Solid rock the Land round the 
Fort clear plain Land & a light Sandy Soil 

An Acco* of the Ordnance Small Arms & Stores of Warr 
is as follows viz' 

6 Cannon, One Eight pounder. One Six pounder. Two four 
pounders, Two three pounders, four Swivell, One Barrel 
Gunpowder, 6G Granada Shells, 61 Iron Shot for the Can- 
non, 6 worms, 4 Ladle 6 Spunges 30 Province Arms part of 
half a Barrel of Powder for Small amis, 240 Musket Bullets, 
500 Flints, 2 Fusile Match, 6 Carriages 3 of them out of 
repair, 6 Pick Axes, 5 Old Claw handspikes. One large Cop- 
per, 5 Iron pots. One g hand Irons, 1 Cross Cut Saw worn 
out, One g of Scales & Weights, A New Flagg & Drum, 4 

Shod Shovells, 

Signed Benj* Larrabee 

This Garrison consists of an Officer & fourteen Centinels two 
of which appeared to us unfit to be retained in the Service 
this river is not Navigable 

Friday the 6*^ We left Fort George in order to return to our 
Sloop which lay at the Chaps of the Bay, We came to Sail at 
twelve of the Clock on this day & proceeded on our Voyage 
to the Truck house on S* Georges river and at Eight in the 
Evening came to Anchor in the River four Miles below the 
Truck house. 



74 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

Saturday the 7'^ This morning about 7 of the Clock We 
anchored before the Truckhouse Cap* Gyles who commanded 
there came on board and paid his respects to us. Soon after 
we went ashore & were reced by Captain Gyles, the Soldiers 
being all under Arms The Truckhouse stands on rising 
Ground at the upper End of the Bay on the north Side of a 
Small river which runs Northwest the Land on which the 
Fort stands & round it is a strong Clayey Land about Sixty 
Acres back is cleared ; The Truckhouse is twelve Mile dis- 
tant from the Entrance of the River S* Georges we went 
about four Mile from the Truckhouse up to that Branch of 
the River which runs Northwest & found it swift river the 
Land on each side Beach and Maple Land very full of Wood 
on this Branch of the River on the North side thereof is a 
great plenty of very good Limestones, by the Ebbing of the 
Tide in this Harbour there is a considerable fflatt about a 
Mile to the Eastward to the Truckhouse We took the Lines 
of the Truckhouse and made the Plan thereof as is hereunto 
annexed. 

An Acco* of the Cannon Arms & Stores is as follows 
Viz* 1 Iron Pot 3 Province Arms 300 weight of Musket Ball 
300 of fflints4 Shovells 3 Wood Axes 1 Old Flagg 1 Quire 
of Cartridge Paper 1 Barrel of Common powder Belonging 
unto the Lincolnshire Company. 4 three pounders with old 
Carriages 1 Swivell Gun 2 g of Pothooks 48 Iron Shot 37 
Granada Shells 3 Iron Pots One Small Arm 

We found here an Officer, twenty Centinels and an 
Armourer, the Soldiers under good regulation their Arms in 
good order. The Truck house has Suitable accommodation 
for carrying on the Trade and entertaining the Officers & 
Soldiers butt Sundry small repairs are wanting. At this place 
we met with four of the Indian Chiefs of the Penobscot 
Tribe ( Viz* ) Espigueis Cap* Loron Fransoi Saveur & CiBsar 
Moxus with a Considerable number of Men, Women and 



OF THE STATE OF IVIAESTE 75 

Cliildren of that Tribe to whom we Spake as we had done 
before to the Indians at Richmond & made them a present in 
the Name of the Govemm* with which they were very well 
pleased Cap' Loron in behalf of the rest returning their 
thanks laid down a Small Pack of Beaver Skins, here Cap' 
Gyles put into our hands two letters which he reced from 
Colt" Dunbar respecting his Setling the Eastern parts of this 
province & the affairs of the Indian Trade which we now 
herewith dehver We left M"" Thomas Pierpoint Chaplain who 
went down with us at this Truckhouse. 

Wednesda}'- the 11'^ We Embarked this morning in order 
to proceed to Pemaquid, going down this river we Observed 
the Channel for about four Miles from the Truckhouse to be 
narrow but Streight with a Considerable fflatt on each side 
the river at Low Water the Land on each side is Level land 
bearing Chiefly Spruce with Birch & some pine, We came to 
Anchor this Evening m pleasant point Harbour, which is a 
very Commodious harbour for small Vessells the next morn- 
ing we weyhed Anchor at three of the Clock and proceeded 
to Pemaquid where we Arrived at Seven. At our coming 
into the Harbour we found the Kings filagg flying, and a 
Number of Men Mustered and appeared upon the Spot of 
Ground where a Fort was Erected at the charge of this Prov- 
ince during the Administration of S"" William Phipps Knt. 
then Gov'' here. We Immediately came to Anchor Opposite 
thereto soon after we reced the following Letter by one James 
Burns & another Man. 

"Fredericks Fort Nov' the 12'*' 1730 

"S' 

"Presuming you have heard of what passed between 
"your Governour and me at Boston relating to this place 
"you will not be Surprized that I desired to know upon what 
" Acco' you are come hither, what passes upon this Occa- 
" sion must be in writing to prevent mistakes and Misrepre- 



76 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

" sentations In the mean time I desire that no Man with you 
" Approaches this Fort as you may be Answerable for the 
" Consequences ; If Governour Belcher has not Acquainted 
" you with what passed between us, I will do it which I am 
" persuaded you will think a Justification to me for the Cau- 
" tion I now take. 

I am S"^ Your most Humble Serv* 
•' Some of the Indians David Dunbar 

" who you saw at Richmond have given me an account of 
" your behaviour and Declarations there relating to me which 
" did not Surprise me being of a piece, of what I had heard 
" before ~ Coll" Tailer. 

In a very short Space of time we Expressed the following 
Answer by Cap* Joseph Heath ~ 

"Novemb' 12*^^ 1730 
"S^ 

" Having reced this morning your Letter dated from 
" Fredericks Fort, these acquaint you that his Excellency 
" Jonathan Belcher Esq' Cap* General & Governour in Chief 
"of His Ma"^^ Province of the Massachusetts Bay having 
*' directed & Impowered me with other Gentlemen to view 
" this place and Harbour & note the Circumstances & regula- 
" tion of the Inhabitants & upon discovery of any Fort or 
" Garrison here with the Kings fflagg flying to Enquire who 
" Commands & by whose Authority such Fort or Garrison 
" was Erected and is Maintained. 

" Pursuant therefore to such directions these are therefore 
" to desire that you would Acquaint us thereof that we may 
" return to his Excellency Governour Belcher such Ans"^ as 
"you shall see Meet to Send 

" I am S' Your Humble Serv* 
" W" Tailer 
When Cap* Heath came on board he Informed us that Coll° 
Dunbar after reading our Letter said to him, if Coll" Tailer 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 77 

and the rest of the Gentlemen had known what passed 
between Governour Belcher and him at Boston they would 
not have come on this Occasion for that he had Answered 
our Letter already, that Coll° Dunbar further said that he 
had been reflected on and Endeavours had been used to set 
the Indians against him at Richmond upon which Cap* Heath 
Asked whether this had been done publickly or privately. 
ColP Dunbar answered publickly by God, Cap* Heath replyed 
that he knew this was false for tliat he had been at evciy 
publick Interview with the Indians at Richmond and never 
heard any such thing, that he was so far from being reflected 
on that his name was not so much as mentioned, Coll° Dun- 
bar then s'^ if things must be so he would know it, but how- 
ever he would send an Answer in full in an hours time. 

We received a Second Letter by James Burns which is as 
follows viz* 

''Fredericks Fort Novemb' the 12'^ 1730 
"S' 

" I perceive by yours that your Governour has not Com- 
" municated to you what passed between him and me upon 
" the Subject of your Letter to me this morning, but I find it 
" is his Custom as he lately did the like to the House of 
"Representatives at Roxberry upon my Application to him 
" for an Act to have the Saw JNIills Registered &c, the first 
" time I waited on Governour Belcher after his Arrival at 
" Boston I only Complimented him upon his Arrival, some 
" few days after I spoke to him relating to these New Settle- 
"raents and offered to shew him the Kings Powers and 
"Instructions to me which he declined to see, & when near 
" 2 Months after I did the like in the presence of His Majcs- 
" ties Advocate General he refused to see them saying that 
" the Kings Instructions were not Laws & signified nothing 
" for that His Majesty ought to have had an Act of Parlia- 
"ment to Impower him to give such Instructions he further 



78 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

" sd. that the King had not an Acre of Land to the West- 
"ward of S* Croix but all belonged to the Massachusetts 
" Government and that some of the Members of the General 
" Court were so Sanguine as to propose to Send ffive hun- 
" dred men to Pemaquid ( for he knew it by no other name ) 
*• to take the Fort bring all the People away Prisoners & 
" raze it Level with the Ground, My answer to all this was 
" that the Kings Instructions would Justifie me and I would 
" Obey them & would be glad to see the Man that dace 
" oppose me & that such a declaration as the Governour 
" made about Instructions was very Extraordinary from a 
" Kings Governour and that as to the Sanguine Members 
" who proposed sending down 500 Men if they would come 
" hither with 3 times the Number, not one of them should 
" dare touch the least Stone in the Wall whilst I was in the 
" Fort as for his knowing it by no other name than Pema- 
" quid it was no matter. I called it Fredericksburgh and 
"His Majesty by the Lords Commissioners for Trade and 
" Plantations has been pleased to command me to give all the 
" s*^ Settlements English Names with English Terminations 
" & therefore to change Fredericksburgh to Fredericks Town 
" or Fort, & I have made choice of the latter, I am now in it 
" & will defend it against any attack until I receive His 
" Maties Orders to give it up, or some of his Troops arrive 
" from Annapolis in Nova Scotia to take possession of it, I 
" hourly expect them and in the mean time shall Treat any 
" as Enemies to the King who shall offer to Attack it and 
" hope none shall be so Audacious or Impudent ; As to the 
"Massachusetts Pretence to this Place some of the Gentle- 
"men with you who now come to claim it should view it 
" with shame & Confusion who have been the Occasion of 
" its having lain so long in rubbish when the Rebuilding it 
" has been so often recommended from the Crown and one 
" of the s*^ Sanguine Men among you who proposed Levell- 



OF THE STATE OF JVtAESfE 79 

" ing this Fort is thought to be the Chief Impediment to the 
" Rebuilding it many years ago his being with you prevents 
" my Entertaining all the rest of the Gent" as I willingly 
" would I avoid Conversing where he is that there might be 
" no quarrel or dispute with or between us, I expected that 
" if your Government had any pretensions to the Eastward 
" of Kennebeck River some Notice would have been taken of 
" my Advertisements in the Boston Gazette of the 19"^ of 
"October last that was in pursuance of Ilis Majesties 
" Instructions to me which shall ever be sacred, tho they be 
" lightly Esteemed elsewhere, All that I have here related is 
"represented at Court upon which I shall soon receive 
"farther orders in the mean time this is my fixt Answer and 
"Resolution but that the ffiagg you behold flying in this 
" Fort is His Majesty King Georges & as for your other 
" Questions in your Instructions from Governour Belcher 
" they ought only to be asked by the Governour of Nova 
" Scotia. I hinted to you in mine this morning the Endeav- 
" ours at your Truckhouscs to Set the Indians against us, 
" this will be scarce Credible at home but is Certainly so, 
"which I shall represent to Governour Belcher when I go to 
" Boston which I propose in a Month or Six Weeks, I wish 
"you safe thither &, am S' 

"Your Most humble Serv* 

" David Dunbar 
" I would not detain you so long as to keep a Copy of this 
" Letter which you will let me take another time if neces- 
"sary; soon after receiving this Letter some of us went 
" ashore and took a Cursory %'iew of the Neck of Land 
" where the s*^ Fort stood nigh to which we found between 
"thirty and fforty fframes for houses and two or three 
"houses covered, where was also a New Wharffe. 
Friday the 13 came to Sail early this morning for Winter 
Harbour where we Arrived at 11 A. M. and Anchored 



80 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

before Fort Mary under the Command of Cap* James Wood- 
side We went a Shore and took the Lines of the Fort and 
made a Plan thereof which is hereunto annexed. This Fort 
stands on a high point of a Neck of Land & ffronts North 
West it Commands the Harbour at the upper End whereof 
is a large piece of fflatts a very Convenient Harbour to 
secure the Fishery the Course entering into the Harbour is 
Westerly - 

An Acco* of the Great Ordnance Small Arms and Stores as 
follows viz* 

Guns in the Great Room 1 Do in the Western Flancker 
Very poorly Mounted 18 Small Arms 12 in repair and 6 out 
of repair 1 Bagg of Small Bullets 1 half Barrel half full of 
powder 53 Great Shot, the Rhim of a Drum 1 Flagg & Hal- 
liards in the Northern Flanker 1 Great Worm & Ladle 1 
Trying Gunn 3 Small Boyling Pots 1 large Pitch D° 2 Iron 
Wedges 1 Small Ax, 2 Shovells ; Signed James Woodside 
The Lodgings in the Fort want some repairs. This Garri- 
son consists of an Officer & twelve Centinells we found the 
Men at their post several of whom we Judge to be not effec- 
tive men their arms were in good order. Monday the 16*^ 
A Storm of Snow prevented our proceeding to the Truck- 
house up Sacco River. 

Tuesday the 17*'' We hired Horses at Winter Harbour 
& went to that Truckhouse which is about Eighteen Miles 
distant from Fort Mary as the Road goes we passed over 
fifteen Bridges in our way to the Truckhouse one of which 
( viz* ) that over Swanpond Creek is Generally good the rest 
of the way from thence to the Truckhouse is very Rough 
Hilly and difficult to pass, We arrived at the Truckhouse 
under the Command of Cap* Thomas Smith at half an hour 
after two, the Truckhouse stands on a Bank near to the 
river, We took the lines of the Truckhouse & made a Plan 
thereof which is hereunto Annexed. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 81 

An Acco' of the Arms & Stores is as follows viz* 
13 Muskets 20^ Powder 2--0-0 Bullets 200 Flints 2 Frying 
pans 3 Iron pots 2 Shod Shovells 2 Narrow Axes 2 Ham- 
mers 1 Handsaw 1 p Beatle rings 2 Gimblets 1 Pick ax 1 
Spade 1 p Halliards 1 Flagg & Halliards 1 Rope for a Par- 
buckle 1 Old Cannoe Signed Truckhouse on Sacco River 
November 18*^ 1730 p Thom« Smith 

Wednesday 18*^^ In the morning we viewed the Apartments 
in the Truckhouse which we found very Convenient for the 
Officers and Soldiers the Men being mustered we found the 
Compliment Consisting of an Officer Ten Centinells and an 
Interpreter all well Equipped and their Arms in good Order. 
We returned this evening to Winter Harbour and went 
aboard. 

Thursday the 19*^'' We came to Sail at Ten of the Clock in 
the morning and understanding that his Excellency Gov- 
ernour Belcher was at His other Governm* of New Hamp- 
shire, we thought it advisable to put m there & Acquaint 
him with our proceedings thus far, We arrived at the 
Great Island about four of the Clock this Afternoon & the 
next day waited on His Excellency at Portsmouth. 
Saturday 21** We returned to the Great Island and stayed 
for a fair wind to proceed to Salem. 

Monday the 23'^ being bad Weather we remained in the 
Harbour. 

Tuesday 24*'' We came to Sail early in the morning the 
Wind proving Scanty we put into Cape Ann at about Two 
of the Clock P. M. remained in the Harbour this night 
Wednesday the 25*'' We came to Sail about Seven of the 
Clock in the morning and Arrived at Salem about two of the 
Clock in the Afternoon 

Thursday the 26*'', We took the lines of Fort Anne under 
the Command of Cap* John Clark and made a Plan thereof 
which is hereunto Annexed. 



82 DOCUMENTABY HISTORY 

This Fort stands on Winter Island which stands on the 
North side of the entering in of that Harbour we found this 
ffort very much out of repair We also took the dimensions 
of Two Block Houses which are at the Entrance of a Neck 
of Land leading down to the Fort above half a Mile distant 
from it, We also took an Acco* of the Cannon & other 
Stores belonging to the s*^ ffort & Blockhouses which is as 
foUoweth viz* 

Twelve Sakers Three D° very much honey Combed One 
Eighteen pounder four twelve D° Two nine D° Three hun- 
dred and fifty round Shot fifteen Spike D° Nme Dob headed 
D° Not one sufficient carriage A Gin but no rope Two Prim- 
ing Wyers One powder Home Not one Ladle Two formers 
Nineteen Spunge & Ramer Staffs. Seventeen handspikes 
with Iron plate Claws An old Flagg In both Block 
Houses " five four pounders Six Wooden Handspikes Two 
Ramer Staffs 

The above is a true Copy Att*^ 

John Clark Cap* 

In the afternoon we repaired to Marblehead and viewed 
the remains of a Battery there wliich stands on the North 
side of the Entering in of that Harbour, We found here 
Nine Cannon Small and great without any Carriages " 

An Acco* of the Stores is as follows viz* 
Town Stock of Iron Shot 8Q£ 

Friday the 27*^ We came to Sail at ten of the Clock in 
the morning and stood for Boston where we arrived at two 
in the Afternoon. 

In pursuance to Additional Instructions On Friday 
Decemb" 11*^ We repaired to Castle William under the 
command of the Honourable William Tailer Esq'' & took a 
view thereof & caused a plan to be made which is hereto 
annexed, The Castle is built on an Island Consisting of 
about Eighteen Acres of Land & lyes three Miles South East 



OF THE STATE OF HIAINE 83 

from the Town of Boston This Garrison Consists of a Cap* 
Lieu* a Gunner Chaplain four quarter Gunners One Serjeant 
three Corporals & twenty six Centinells. 

An acco* of the Great Ordnance Small Arms & Stores of 
Warr is as foUoweth viz* 

Small Iron Mortars 2. Bombshells 100. Cannon of 7 on 
Battery Carriages 4. Demy Cannon on Carriages 101. 
Whole Culvering on Carriages 8. Demy Culvering on 
Batteiy & Ship Carriage 13. Saker on Ship Carriages 35. 
Minion 4. Firelocks Musquets & Fuzees in Store 270. 
Catouch Boxes & Belts 200. Catouch Boxes 10. Bayon- 
etts 200. Powder in half Barrels 66. Parchment Cart- 
ridges made 210. Cartridge Paper Ream 1. Round Shot 
for the Ordance 2600. Speak & Cross Barr 100. Leaden 
Ball of Several sorts weight 800. Rough Barrels 40. 
Wooden Cartridge Cases 70. Spungers & Hamers 100. 
Ladles with Hamer heads 40. Wadhooks 40. Ladles & 
Warnes 18. Match 35. 

Linstocks 70. Handspikes 150. Iron Crows 50. Granado 
Shells 50. Wooden Cases fild wdth Iron 400. Powder 
Horns with Wires 40. Canipers pair 1. Tandhides 2. Cart- 
ridge Moulds 9. Gins & Blocks 2. Flaggs 2. Pendant 1. 
Halberts 2. Drums 3. Muscovy Lights 2. Ordinary Lan- 
thorns 6. Pitch Pot and Ladle 1. Scrapers 3. Pinchers 1. 
Sizers 1. Aules 1. Bitts 1. Tin ffauell 1. Tin quart pot 
1. Halliards pair 1. Mallets 2. Handvice 1. Speaking 
Trumpet 1. 

Acco* of Stores belonging to the Kitchen. 
2 Iron pots one 4 1-2 Gallons the other 2 1-2 Do. 
1 Holland Copper pot, 1 Grid Iron, 1 Copper Kettle Double, 
1 Iron Rack, 1 Dripping Iron pan, 1 Iron fender, 2 Iron 
Spits, 1 Iron ffire shovel, 1 Wind up Jack w*^ Lead w* 1 
pr Tongs, 1 Brass Scimmer 2 old Iron Dogs, 1 iron fork for 



84 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

a pot, 1 Tin Cullender, 2 Iron Trivet, 1 Wooden Mortar &; 
Pestle, 2 Iron Trammels 1 Iron Cleever. 

We found the Platforms in the Lower Battery something 
out of repair, the Platforms in the upper works entirely out 
of repair the Blockhouse faceing to Dorchester Neck which 
Commands the West Channel wants new Coverings all the 
Copeings throughout the Garrison which were at first Cov- 
ered with Shingles for the better drying of the works are 
now the greater part of them blown off & the rest much 
shattered by the Wind we are of opinion they be all taken 
off ( and when the season of the year will admit ) that the 
Copeings be new Covered with a Coat of Putty, also that 
the Stone & Brick Wall in diverse parts be new pointed that 
the Sea Wall for Securing the heads of Land be repaired in 
several places. 

The next day we went to the Batteries in Charlestown & 
found the works there Entirely laid Waste, but are of Opin- 
ion that the s. Battery be Rebuilt in the Same or in some 
more Convenient place. 

An acct. of Stores is as follows — vizt. 
6 Cannon three of them 18 pounders the other 3 eight do. 
65 shot of 18 pounds & do. 10 Chain Shot. 
4 Spunges 2 Worms 2 Ladles 4 Ramers 10 handspikes 6 
Linch Stocks an Old Shattered Flagg all belonging to the 
town. We then went to the North Battery in the Town of 
Boston which we found in a great Measure out of repair we 
took the Lines thereof and made a Plan of the same which 
is hereto annexed. We then went to view the Sconce or 
Battery at the South End of s. Town and found the same 
entirely laid waste. 

An Acct of Stores belonging to each Battery is as 
follows Vizt. 

Cannon Mounted on Carriages at the North Battery 1 Cul- 
vering 2 1-2 Inches Diameter at the Bore. 
3 Do. 5 do. 



OF THE STATE OF MAESTE 85 

1 Saker 3 3-4 do. 4 large Saker lying on the Wharffe 
unmounted A Sufficient number of Shot for all the Common 
lying at the South Battery. Cannon lying unmounted at 
the ruins of Sconce or South Battery. 1 lowest Demicannon 
t) inches diameter at the Bore. 2 Culver in largest Size 
5 1-4 inches. 4 do. lesser size 5 1-2 do. 2 do. 5 1-4 do. 
5 do. 5 Demi Culvering 4 3-4 do. 4 do. 4 1-2 do; 3 do. 
lesser size 4 1-4 do. 1 ordinary Saker 3 1-4 do. Shot for 
more than twenty rounds for each Cannon all other stores 
Unserviceable. 

The Committee are humbly of opinion that if both the 
Batteries before mentioned be put into a suitable posture of 
defence it would tend to the Service and Security of this 
province as well as the Battery at Charlestown Salem and 
Marblehead. The Line of Defence upon the Neck of Boston 
in good Order but without Cannon. 

Dated at Boston the W. Tailer Spencer 

21st of December 1730. Elisha Cooke John Quinn 

Sam Thaxter Edw. Shove 
Copy Examined J Willard Secry. 

Reced 2d March 1 -i'y<^Q/i 
Read j ' 



Gov'^ Belcher to the Duke of Newcastle. 

May it please your Grace, 

By this Conveyance you will have a duplicate 
of what I had the honour to Write Your Grace the 11"' 
Currant, and I now have desired my worthy Friend & Agent 
M"" John Caswell the bearer to deliver this into Your Grace's 
hands, to whom I have sent all the papers referr'd to in my 
last to be delivered to Your Grace, when youU please to 



86 DOCTJMENTAHY HISTORY 

Order Him to Attend You with them Among which Your 
Grace will find a Notorious Assault, and Riott Committed 
by some people belonging to Frederick's Fort on some of his 
Majesty's good Subjects of this Province. As also an 
Account of what I directed His Majesty's Lieut" Governour 
of this Province to do at Pemaquid upon a Visitation I 
order'd Him to make of all the Fortifications of this Province 
in Obedience to His Majesty's Royal Instruction to me for 
that End, these things may it please Your Grace are the 
whole of what I have Ever done respecting Frederick's fort, 
or the Fort formerly Call'd Pemaquid ~ I beg leave Also to 
Observe to Your Grace that You'll find among these Papers 
the Copy of a Memorial 1 made to the King, and Delivered 
into Your Grace's hands, when I had the honour to take 
leave of Your Grace at New Castle House 15: May last to 
which I should have been glad of an Answer But never 
reciev'd One Word 'till His Majesty's Order of 12 : Nov'' last 
Came to my hand. In that Memorial Your Grace Will find 
Cited a Clause of the Royal Charter of this Province and 
Agreeable thereto making the Lands at Pemaquid a part of 
this Province, they are Contain'd in his Majesty's Commis- 
sion to me for this Government and there is a Clause also in 
these Words, " And for your better guidance and direction 
" we do hereby require and Command You, to do & Execute 
" all things in due manner that shall belong Unto the Trust 
" We have repos'd in You According to the Several Powers 
" and Authorities mentioned in the said Charter, and in these 
" presents. And Such further powers," .... Instructions 
" and Authorities, as you shall recieve or Which shall at any 
"time hereafter be granted or Appointed You under our 
" Sign Manual, and Signet, or by our order in our privy 
" Council In pursuance of the said Charter, and According 
" to such reasonable Laws and Statutes as are now in force, 
" or which hereafter Shall be made, and agreed upon hi such 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 87 

" manner & form as by the said Charter Is directed " By 
what I have Cited may it please Your Grace, Out of the 
Royal Charter and his Majestys Commission to Me I Con- 
cieve it appears that these lands are Included in both, and 
that his Majesty is pleased to make the Charter by his Com- 
mission a great Rule of my Government. How dare I then 
disobey His Majesty or betray the Trust he has reposed in 
me, by refusing a legal Protection to his good Subjects when 
they Apply to me for it. These Riotters may it please Your 
Grace, have been since legally Convicted in His Majestys 
Courts & must doubtless undergo the penalties of the Law 
for the Breach of his Majestys Peace, and so Notorious an 
Assault and Riott Committed upon the property and Liberties 
of His Majesty's good Subjects. I am here. My Lord Duke, 
His Majesty's Governour to see a good Execution of all His 
Wholesome Laws for the Safety of His Subjects under my 
Care in their Lives and Estates, and to this End I Will 
Endeavor Carefully to Use the Pov»er the King has delegated 
to me in his Royal Commission : Col" Dunbar ( I presume ) 
must found his Representation Either upon the Matter of 
the Riott, or the Visitation I ordered to be made of the forti- 
fications of this Province, and with great deference to Your 
Grace I think then Nothing can Appear more false than his 
saying, I was preparing a Military Expedition Against Fred- 
erick's Fort formerly Call'd the fort of Pemaquid Nor have I 
ever done Any thing of that kind or Nature Nor did anything 
like it Ever Enter into my Thoughts. It is also false in Him 
to say, No private Persons have hitherto set up any Claim to 
those lands. Because there have been a great many Claims 
made, and are made daily, and the people that Claim think 
they have a just right ( tho not by any grant of this Province ) 
And one of the Men whom Coll" Dunbar's people riotted and 
Assaulted has a Claim there descended down to Him for 105 
Years past as may be seen in his Complaint Against those 



88 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

Notorious Riotters. May it please Your Grace, Every Man's 
Property is his life, and I Cant Answer for people's giving 
away what they think their own, but for the right of this 
government to those lands according to the Royal Charter, 
had Coll" Dunbar wisely manag'd about 'Em I thmk I should 
have had Influence Enough With this Assembly to have 
made a Cession of their Right to the Crown, and it Was 
always my Opinion That it would be greatly to the advan- 
tage of this Province, That the CroA\Ti should settle those 
lands. Yet 1 must beg leave further to Observe to Your 
Grace, That I know not how to Answer those that say the 
Cro^\^l has alwaj^s suppos'd these Lands to be a part of this 
Province, or why have the Gov" of the Massachusetts been 
ordered from time to time to Insist with the Assemblies to 
rebuild the fort at Pemaquid, they say why have not the 
Governours of New Hamjjshire and Nova Scotia had those 
Instructions, and again the King has directed the choice of a 
Councellour in the Royal Charter to be Chosen on ace* of 
those Lands, and who of Course becomes one of the Legfisla- 
tors of his Majesty's Province of the Massachusetts Bay, and 
without such a Councellor the present Constitution cannot 
Subsist. My Lord Duke, I should be glad to be Instructed 
bow to Answer these things. But that Genf" has made 
Himself so Obnoxious to this Countrey In General, That I 
can Attempt Nothmg with hopes of Success where he has 
any Concern. I humbly beg of Your Grace, That at No 
time an}' Complaint may take Effect to my Prejudice 'till I 
have time to make Answer thereto, for as it's the undoubted 
Right of the meanest Englishman to be heard upon any Accu- 
sation, ]Much more must it be the Right of the King's Gov'' 
whom his Majesty in his Royal Instruction Is pleas'd to Call 
the Representative of his own person here. And I think 
Coll" Dunbar ought to observe a decency to the Gent™ who 
has the honour to bear so great a Commission from the King, 



OF THE STATE OF ISIAIXE 89 

Yet I shall in ray Next show to Your Grace how rude he has 
been ou this head. 

I believe a short time will discover how little prudence he 
has, and Consequently of how little Service he can be to the 
Crown in bringing forward the designed Settlement. 

I hope always, My Lord Duke, to mamtain the Character 
of an honest Man And I must Assure Your Grace it Was 
Impossible for me to do more from my Arrival to this day 
than I have in Support of His Majesty's honour & dignity, 
and for the Interest of his British Dominions, as well as for 
the Welfare of the Provmces under my Care, and I shall 
continue According to my best Skill and understanding, And 
am With the highest re^^ard & Esteem 

May it Please Your Grace 
Your Grace's Most Obedient and Most devoted Humble 
Servant 

J Belcher. 
Boston Janued: 14: 1730/1 

Reced 2'-^ March ] -fvnin /-i 
Read j ' 



At the Councill Chamber Whitehall. 

the 14"^ of ApriU 1731 

By a Committee of the Lords of His Majestys 

Most Honourable Privy Councill 

Whereas His Majesty hath been pleased to referr unto this 

Committee the humble Petition of S"^ Bibye Lake Barr* 

Grandson and Heir of Captain Thomas Lake late of Boston 

in New England in America Merchant ; in behalf of himself, 

and of Colonell Edward Hutchinson of Boston aforesaid Esq', 

and John Walcot of Salem in New England Esq"" Son and 

Heir of Josiah Walcot of Salem aforesaid Esq"" deceased, who, 



90 DOCUIMENTABY HISTORY 

with the said Edward Hutchinson, were Grandsons and Heirs, 
of Major Thomas Clark of Boston aforesaid Merchant 
deceased, Setting forth their right to some Lands in the said 
Colony of New England, within the Limitts of which Colonell 
Dunbarr Surveyor Generall of His Majestj's Woods in Amer- 
ica, pretends to have received Orders from His Majesty to 
make Settlements &c* And therefore humbly praying that 
Colonell Dunbarr may be Ordered not to Disturb or Molest 
the Petitioners in the Lands to which they are legally Inti- 
tuled - The Lords of the Committee this day took the said 
Petition into their Consideration, and finding that a Petition 
of the like nature in the name of Samuel Waldoe of Boston 
in the Province of Massachusetts Bay Merchant, for and on 
behalf of Elisha Cook Esq^ and others of the said Province, 
was on the fifteenth of Aprill last referred by this Committee 
to the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations ~ 
Their Lordships are hereby pleased to referr the said Petition 
of S' Bibye Lake to the said Lords Commissioners, who are 
to receive the Opinion of His Majestys Attorney and Sollic- 
itor Generall thereupon, as likewise upon the aforementioned 
Petition of the said Samuel Waldoe, in case they shall not 
Already have received their opinion upon the same And the 
the said Lords Commissioners are afterwards to make Report 
of the whole matter to this Committee with what they con- 
ceive proper to be done upon the said Petitions. - 

Temple Stanyan 



To the Kings most Excellent Majesty 

The humble Petition of S'' Bibye Lake Barr* Grand- 
son and Heir of Capf^ Thomas Lake late of Boston in 
New England in America Merchant in behalf of hun- 
self and of ColP Edw^ Hutchinson of Boston aforesaid 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 91 

Esq' and John Walcot of Salem in New England Son 
and Heir of Josiah Walcot late of Salem aforesaid 
Esq' deceased who with the said Edward Hutchinson 
were Grandsons and Heirs of Major Thomas Clark of 
Boston aforesaid Merchant deceased. - 
Sheweth 

That in the latter End of the Year 1675 or in the beginninof 
of the Year 1676 a Warr broke out with the Indians who 
Invaded the said County of Devon and killed the said Thos. 
Lake in Defence of the said Settlements and afterwards burnt 
ruined or destroyed all or the greatest part of the said Settle- 
ments and killed or drove away their Ten*^ & Cattle therefrom. 
Tliat the said Major Thomas Clark escaping the Indians, 
Survived the said Warr and afterwards returned to the said 
Lands and with the Concurrence & assistance of the Widow 
of the s*^ Tho* Lake yo"" Pet" late Grandmother Endeavoured 
with a very great Expence to Resettle the Premes and to 
repair and Rebuild the severall Settlem** ruined or destroyed 
by the Indians aforesaid, and proceeded therein untill such 
time as a New Warr broke out with the Indians who again 
burnt ruined or destroyed all such their New Works and 
Settlements and killed or drove away their Tenants and Cat- 
tle from off the Premes after which no further attempt could 
be made to resettle the same by reason of the frequent incur- 
sions of the Indians & of the Continued Warr or Hostilitys 
between them and the English m those parts untill the Peace 
was Concluded at Utrecht upon which Hostilitys ceasing 
Your Pet' in Conjunction with the s*^ Josiah Walcot and CoP 
Hutchinson did after the s*^ Peace of Utrecht in the Year 
1714 send over from hence M' John Watts a very Careful! 
and understanding Person to Arrowsick Island and the other 
Prefnes in Order to resettle the same and did impower him 
to Settle there 100 ffamilys And the s^ M' Watts did accord- 
ingly go over for that purpose with his Family And Your 



92 DOCUMENTARY HISTOBT 

Pef did Advance to the s<^ M^ Watts tlie Sum of X2000 and 
upwards towards his proportion of the Charge to be Expended 
by him the s*^ M"^ Watts in making such intended Settlements 
Exclusive of what the s*^ Coll° Hutchinson and M"" Walcot 
did advance for that Purpose And the s*^ M"^ Watts was very 
Industrious in maldng severall Settlements and building and 
making severall Mills Houses and other Improvements for 
Convenience and Defence ag* Insults from the Indians and 
had Settled there upwards of twenty Familys but died before 
he had Compleated all the intended Settlements upon whose 
death M'' Penhallow Marrying his Widow lived there and 
lookt after and took care of the s*^ Settlem*^ in the best man- 
ner he could till a New Warr broke out with the Indians in 
or about the Year 1722 or 1723 when the Indians again 
invaded those parts and came down in a great Body and 
Burnt ruined or Destroyed all such Mills and Settlem'* as 
the s*^ M"" Watts had caused to be built on the s'^ Island of 
Arrowsick for protection against them which together with 
some other Houses which were under the Defence thereof 
the s*^ Indians severall times attacked and attempted also to 
burn or destroy but were repulsed and forced to retire from 
the same and which Houses are now Standing but the Indians 
killed or Drove away their Cattle from thence and also the 
Tenants and Cattle from their other Settlements. 

That smce this last Warr ended Yo' Pef with the s'^ ColP 
Hutchinson and M'' Walcot were endeavouring to Repair and 
resettle the Premes and to Encourage sev^ Familys to go and 
Settle thereon but were prevented by Coll° Dunbarr Surveyor 
Gen^^ of Your Maj'^* Woods in America who pretends some 
Instructions or a Commission from Your Maj*y to make Set- 
tlem** within the Limits of their Lands and in other Places 
in the Eastern parts in the province of the Massachusetts 
and to Erect the same into a Separate Governm* from that 
Province altho the same is included in the Charter granted 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 93 

to the Subjects of the said Province, And notwithstanding 
the s** Coll° Dunbarr hath since his arrival there been waited 
upon and made fully acquainted by the s*^ ColP Hutchinson 
with the matter aforesaid, and with his, M'' Walcots, and yo"^ 
Pet" Title to their S*^ Lands and Premisses yet he msists 
that he shall be obliged to Enter upon and make Settlements 
therein unless Your Maj'^ shall be graciously pleased to for- 
bid or restrain him from so doing. 

That Coll" Dunbarrs pretentions hath not only Discour- 
aged all persons from going to Settle the Prenies but hath 
Terrifyed such Ten''* as Your Pef & the s'^ Coll° Hutchinson 
and M'' Walcot have there, from enlarging or Improveing 
their Settlem''* All which Your Pef apprehends his Duty 
humbly to represent to Your Majesty. 

That Your Pet' the s*^ Coll° Hutchinson and IV Walcot 
being Intituled to the s*^ Premisses by Purchase from the 
Indian Saggamores or Sachams Allowed of & Approved by 
the Generall Court for the Government of the Massachusetts 
Province and Confirmed by the severall Charters Granted to 
the Subjects of the said Province And they and their Ances- 
tors having Endeavoured all that in them lay to Settle the 
Premisses at such great pains and expence and having from 
time to time Sustained such great Losses therein as aforesaid 
and being resolved to Compleat the same with all possible 
Speed which they humbly apprehend will be of great advan- 
tage to the Trade of this Kingdom. 

Your Pet"^ therefore in behalf of himself and the s'^ Coll" 
Hutchinson & M"" Walcot Most humbly prays your Maj- 
esty to Send the necessary Orders or Instructions to the 
said Coll" Dunbar not to intermeddle or Molest Your 
Pet' and the s'^ ColP Hutchinson and M' Walcott on the 
s*^ Premisses to which they are legally Intituled as afore- 
said, And that the s^ ColP Dunbarr do not Obstruct or 
disturb them, their Tenants and Agents in carrying on 



94 DOCTJMENTABY HISTORY 

their Settlem*^ on any pretence wh«atever And that your 
Pet' and the said ColP Hutchinson and M'' Walcot may 
be Quieted in the possession thereof under the Gov- 
ernm* of Your Maj*^'^ Province of the Massachusetts 
And may be at Liberty to proceed in Settling the Prem- 
isses without Molestation. 

And your Pet' shall ever pray &c* 



T. Pelham and Others to Crov'^ Belcher 

Whitehall July the 6*^ 1731 
Sir, Jon : Belcher Esq' 

Since our Letter to you of the 1** of December last, We 
have recived yours of the 6"^ & 10'^ of the same Month, 13*^ 
& 25*1' of Jan'y 1** of March 5*^ & 26'^ of April last with the 
several Publick Papers refer'd to in your said Letters ; and 
if you have not heard oftener from Us, in return thereto ; It 
has been because till your last Letters, We did entertain 
some false hopes that the Assembly might have been pre- 
vailed on, to comply with his Majesty's Instruc*"^ relating to 
your Salary. But since you now tell us in your two last Lrs 
that you have no Prospect of that kind, since you have nei- 
ther come home yourSelf, nor deputed any Person according 
to your Instruction to lay an Account of this matter before 
his Majesty, We shall take an Opportunity of doing it, our 
Selves as soon as we shall know his Majestye Pleasure 
thereon, You may expect to hear again from LTs. In the 
meantime We must acquaint you, that We have reported 
Our Opinion upon the Bill consented to, by the Council & 
Assembly for settling your Salary, which We can by no 



OF THE STATE OF l^IAINE 95 

means think a Compliance either with the Letter or Intent 
of his Majesty's Instruction. 

In answer to that part of your last Letter, wherein you 
mention the Petition or Memorial from the House of Repre- 
sentatives to his Majesty against three of his Royal Instruc- 
tions to you. We must observe that the People have an 
undoubted Right of addressing the Crown directly, without 
any prior Apphcation to the Gov% if they think fit to take 
that Method tho the more decent Way would be to desire 
their Gov"^ to transmit their Address. 

We observe that you have wrote in your Justification 
against what you suppose may have been insinuated against 
you by Col° Dunbar, But We are of Opinion that he had suf- 
ficient grounds for his aprehensions & he would have been 
wanting in his Duty if he had not sent us such information 
as he had reced upon that Subject. 

We thought it would be for his Majesty's Service that this 
Gentleman should be appointed his Lieu* Gov' of New 
Hampshire & to encrease his Authority as Surveyor of the 
Woods, and upon our Recommendat'' His Majesty has been 
pleased to appoint him accordingly But we presume he will 
always pay you that regard that is due to his Superior Offi- 
cer, & wee doubt not but you will treat him as a Gentleman 
that bears his Majesty's Comission of Lieutenant Governour. 

We have considered the New Hampshire Bill for emitting 
£6000 in Bills of Credit and postponing the Payment of the 
Mony that shall be due on the 25^'^ of April 1781 ; but We 
can by no means advise his Majesty to allow you to pass any 
such Bill, as it must in Consequence lower the Credit of the 
Province, whereby their Trade must greatly suffer : However 
that We may be the better able to judge of the State of the 
Province of New Hampshire with respect to their Paper Cur- 
rency, w^e desire you will send us an Ace* of the Paper Mony 
now current there; what Fund there is for sinking the 



96 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

same? how it has been applied and what Discount their Bills 
are now lyable to. 

We observe what you write concerning the Council of 
New Hampshire, but it will be time enough to consider of y® 
persons you propose when we shall be informed whose vacan- 
cies you propose they should supply. In your Lr of the 23, 
of Janfy last, You mention Seven Gentlemen of whom you 
say the Council consists, but you do not inform us whether 
the others who are nam'd m your Just"* are dead, or whether 
they decline acting ; We therefore desire you will send us a 
more perfect Ace* of this matter. 

So we bid you heartily farewell & are 
T. Pelham 
M. Bladen 
Ja: Brudenell 



Colonel Du7ibar to M^ Secretary/ Popple. 

Portsmouth New Hampshire July y^ 15*^ 1731 
Sir 

By Letters from my brother I understand that Governour 
Belchers friends deny that any force was sent down or any 
Jurisdiction exercised by His order at Fredericks fort, it is 
notorious that every child in the Country knows it, I need 
say no more but referr to the Inclosed papers which are copys 
attested by the proper Officers; It is no wonder they can 
deny matters of Fact, when it is courantly reported & believ'd 
here that Coll° Tailer & the Committee here sent by M"" 
Belcher to ask unproper questions at Fredericks fort, were 
Onely putt in there by Stress of Weather, I sent you a Copy 
of what passed between Col" Tailer & I at that place upon y* 
Occasion, I have his Original and he has mine, & y® making 
y® least variation would be counterfeit, w'=^' I hope none will 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 97 

imagine, it would be hard to give a General bad character of 
any Country, but I will say that I never knew truth less 
regarded any where in my life than in New England, (I 
comonly mean by that, the Massachusets province Onely and 
I beleive their behaviour has given many instances of it. 

My brother gave me Hopes that my Lords Commissioners 
of the Admiralty would have sent a new Commission for a 
Judge of Vice Adm^^ for the Massachusets instead of M"^ 
Byfield before whom, Experience has convinced me, it is to 
no purpose to exhibit any libell, I took the liberty formerly 
m some of my letters to say it was very inconvenient to Have 
the Admiralty Court officers Here onely Dep*^ to those at 
Boston, and it would be great Ease to the people in the prov- 
ince of Maine if anything relateing to them in y' Court, could 
be tryed here mthout goeing 60 Miles farther to Boston, it 
would be a very great conveniency to Me and My Deputys, 
as all the pine trees are m New Hampshire & Maine, pray 
recomend this to my Lords for their opinion & intercession 
for such commission for George Jaffrey Esq"", no Deputy 
Judge of viceadmiralty here ; I am 

Sir Your Most Humble & Obed* Servant 
David Dunbar 

Reed 7^^ Sepf ) ^^^^ 
Read OcV W' \ ^^"^^ 

Affidavit of Wentworth ^ Atkinson 

Whereas certain intelligence was bro't to The Hon''^® 
David Dunbar Esq*" Lieu* Governor of his Majestys Province 
of New Hampsh® that at Casco about twenty leagues distant 
from this place, there were thirty Indian Canoes with a french 
Sloop, He Esteem'd it not only for the Imediate service of 
the Crown, but as his duty as Lieu*^ Gover' to view fort Wil- 
liam & Mary, Accordingly on Saturday the 14'^'* Instant, he 



98 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

gave orders for the Impressing a boat for that occasion, on 
his landing at New Castle, near the Fort Attended by Theo- 
dore Atkinson Esq' his Majesty Collector, M' Henry Sher- 
burn Clerk of the Sessions, & M' Benning Wentworth, he 
sent for Coll" Shadrach Walton, who had the Comand of the 
Fort, by virtue of a Comission he rec'^ from Gov' Belcher, 
but before the Messenger returned, the S*^ Coll° Walton 
pass'd by the Lieu* Gov' - After the Lieu* Gover' had 
saluted the Coll° in a very civil manner, he told him he came 
down to see in what Condition the Fort was in, ColP Walton 
reply'd, he should not let him go into the Fort, haveing orders 
from Gov' Belcher to keep the gates fast, & not to admit 
anybody in, especially the Lieu* Gov' who reply'd with the 
greatest moderation & temper, after such unpresidented 
treatment, and much to our surprize, that he demanded those 
orders, for that he conceived he had none such, neither did 
he Imagine it was in the power of the Gover' to give such, 
as it always had been the Custom for the Lieu* Gov' of this 
Province not only to have the absolute Comand of the Fort, 
but to reside in it, the Province haveing at the publick 
expence built a house there, to accomodate former Lieu* 
Gover'® and in which some of the Lieu* Gov'^ predecessors 
have lived ~ On this ColP Walton sent his son for the orders 
he had from Gov' Belcher, & walk't towards the Fort gate 
which he liad order'd to be shut The Lieu* Gov' at the same 
time walking that way, & when he came to the Fort Gate 
with his cane knock't at the door, & demanded Entrance, 
which Coll°. Walton deny'd, upon which the Lieu* Gov' 
shew*^ him the Kings Commission, & desir'd him to read it, 
ColP Walton told him he had heard it once read before, then 
the Lieu* Gov' said to Coll° Walton, by virtue of the Kings 
Comiss" to me as Lieu* Gover' I demand the Gates of the 
Fort to be open'd, & entrance, which Coll'' Walton refused, 
saying that he had given orders to the Soldiers ( being but 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 99 

two in number ) & under arms, not to open the Gates to the 
Lieu*^ Gover"" pursuant to orders he had rec*^ from Gov'^ Bel- 
cher, & that he should follow those orders, & if Gov"^ Belcher 
was in the wrong to give such orders, that he must answer 
for it. After this had pass'd the Lieu* Gov'' told Coll° Walton 
that for his disobedience to the Kmgs Comiss" he ought to 
send him to Goal, in denying him entrance into the Kings 
fort, but that he should take other measures, & not raise a 
Company of the Militia, as was his duty to doe ~ Then the 
Coll" said to the Lieu' Gov'' 1 will read Gov'' Belchers orders, 
Accordingly, orderd his son to read them, to a crowd of 
fishermen standing by the Fort This being done, ColP Wal- 
ton came to the Lieu' Gov'' & told him that if he would sfo 
into the Fort as a private man, & not as Lieu' Gov"" he would 
open the Gates, but that neither of the Gentlemen that came 
with him should enter, & so order'd the Gates to be open'd, 
but the Lieu' Gov' did not think fit to go in. 
Province of Benning Wentworth 

New Hamp« Theodore Atkinson 

The above mentioned Benning Wentworth Esq' & Theodore 
Atkinson Personally appeared & made oath to the Truth of 
all the above written before us the Subscribers Two of his 
Maj®^ Justices of the Province of New Hamp® New England 
and members of his Maj" Council for s'^ Province. 

Geo Jaffrey 
Taken in perpetuam res memoriam, R. Wibird 

The Deposition of Theodore Atkinson Esq'® and Thomas 
Packer Merchant both of Portsm° in the Province of New 
Hampshire Testify & say that they being often times in 
Company with Mag'' Jeremiah Moulton who is High Sherriff 
of the County of York in the Province of the Massachusets 
Bay and talking with the said Moulton about an Expedition 
he had been upon to ffredericks ffort vrho s*^ he rec*^ a war- 



100 DOCUIHENTARY HISTORY 

rant from the Justices of the s'^ County of York by virtue of 
an order from Gov"^ Belcher & the Council of the Massachu- 
sets Bay and in pursuance thereof Did take up a Vessell and 
inlisted upwards of Thirty men all well Equiped with Arms 
& Amunition & Did proceed to Pemaquid harbour but the 
wind not allowing him to goe up to the ffort was forced mto 
another harbour where soon after he saw a Canou coming up 
the river upon which he ord*^ all his people to Conceal them- 
selves when the Canou came with in call he Desired them to 
come on board the Vessell who answered him they could not 
tarry upon which the s*^ Moulton ord*^ his men to rise up and 
shew themselves & then told the people in the Canou that 
unless they imediately came on board he would fire at them 
& Sinck them on which the People on board the Canou being 
very much Surprized went on board the s*^ Vessell & the s'^ 
Moulton imediately secured them & that he stoped in That 
Harbour with the Vessell till he got as many people as he 
wanted stoping all that passed or repassed that way till he 
had Accomplished his Business & the s*^ Moulton further 
told us that he was not Limited to any Certain number of 
men but might have Carry'd the whole County of York if he 
had tho* proper ~ & further saith not 

Theodore Atkinson 
Tho® Packer 
Province of New Hamp* \ 

in New Eno'land [ Then Theod® Atkinson Esq'' & M"^ 

July the 15'^ 1731 ^ Thos Packer Personally appeared 

before us the Subcribers two of his 
Maj* Justices of the Peace for the 
Province of New Hampshire afores*^ 
& made Oath to the Truth of the 
above Deposition 

Geo. Jaffrey 
John Penhallow 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 101 

Thomas Corarri's Affidavit. 

Thomas Coram of London Gent maketh oath That in the 
beginning of the Year one Thousand and Six hundred and 
Ninety four He this Depon* did Carry from London to New- 
England considerable Quantityes of Merchandize and also 
Shipwrights and other proper Artificers ( by the pmission of 
their then Majesty's King WilUam and Queen Mary ) to build 
Ships in that Country where he continued so to do untill the 
beginning of the Year One Thousand Seven hundred and 
four & then returned to London And Saith that during his 
Stay in that Country his Business led him into the knowedge 
of what parts of that and the Neighbouring Countreys were 
best adapted for producing Navall Stores and thereby soon 
understood That there was a large tract of Country between 
the River St. Croix at Nova Scotia & the River Kennebeck 
next to the Province of Main in New England was a fertile 
Soyle & afforded excellent Timber and Masts & was Capable 
of producing all sorts of Navall Stores in abundance & of 
vast Lnprovements for the benefit of this Kingdom & was 
near One hundred & Eighty Miles along the Sea Coast in a 
very good Climate and full of safe Harbours & Navigable 
Rivers but that the same laying waste & Uninhabited having 
not one English Subject thereon Except a few poor fellows 
who had been sent by the people of the Massachusetts to be 
as Soldiers in a small ffort at a place called Pemaquid in the 
said Tract of Country which ffort had been built by King 
James the Second whilst Duke of York, & many ffamilys had 
been Setled there and at other places on the said Tract but 
were all Destroy'd or drove away & the ffort Demolished by 
the Indians then in the ffrench Interest when the Inhitants 
of the Massachusetts had Seized and Imprisoned the Gov- 
ernour and other officers of the Crowne who Commanded that 
ffort & Country And on the Revolution which happened in 



102 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

England in the Year of our Lord One Thousand Six hundred 
and Eighty-Eight That whole Tract of Country was left to 
the ffrench & Indians And this Depon'' further Saith that 
Notwithstanding the Charter granted by their late Majestyes 
King William & Queen Mary to the people of the Massachu- 
setts Bay in New England they did not attempt to Settle any 
InhStants upon the said Tract of Land but only rebuilt or 
repaired the s*^ Demolished ffort at Pemaquid in the Year 
One Thousand Six hundred & Ninety two or One Thousand 
Six hundred & Ninety three for a show of their Government 
over the said Tract & therein left a few of their Own Men 
raw & Undisciplined to be as Soldiers where they remained 
in a Naked Starving & Comfortless Condition being above 
One hundred Miles distance from any House or Settlement 
which occasioned great Uneasiness in those Men & particu- 
larly in Capt" March the Commander of the s*^ ftort who not 
thinking himself safe there petitioned the Government at 
Boston to be Dismissed & accordingly Obtained Liberty to 
retire home to the Massachusetts & leave the Command of 
the said ffort to his Lieutenant John Chubb And this Depon 
further Saith that he hath been credibly informed & verily 
beleives that on or about the Month of August or September 
in the Year One Thousand Six hundred & Ninety Six Two 
ffrench Trading Ships to Newfoundland or Canada came 
before Pemaquid and Landed some Men and planted a few 
small Mortars against the ffort and Demanded it for the 
ffrench King and threatned all with immediate Death in Case 
of Refusall And thereupon the said Lieutenant Chubb and 
his Men being glad of the Opportunity to be released from 
thence would not make any Defence but Delivered up the 
said ffort and Country without the least Resistance and Sur- 
rendred themselves Prisoners to the persons on Board the s'^ 
ffrench Ships who Demolished the said ffort carryed the s*^ 
Chubb & his Men from thence and left not any one living 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 103 

English Subject in any part of the said Tract of Country or 
it's Islands between the River S* Croix and the Province of 
Main which bounds on the River Kennebeck The Governm* 
of which said Tract of Land was afterwards by the ffrench 
King Committed to his Governour of Nova Scotia where his 
next Garrison was and it remained in possession of the ffrench 
at and after the Peace of Reswick which was concluded in 
the Year One Thousand Six hundred and Ninety Seven And 
this Depon* further Saith that he was well informed & verily 
beleives That in the year One Thousand Six hundred & 
Ninety Eight in time of Setled peace the ffrench built a 
Church on their said New Conquest near the River Kenne- 
beck for a standing testimony of their Right to and posses- 
sion of the s^ Tract of Country of which an account was Sent 
by the late Lord Bellemont then Governour of New England 
in the Year One thousand Seven hmidred to the then Lords 
Com''* of Trade & plantations & his Majestyes principall Sec- 
retary of State After which repeated Orders were sent from 
Court to the Governour of New England to press the Gen'"all 
Assembly of the Massachusetts to repossess themselves of the 
said Tract of Country which had been given up to the ffrench 
as aforesaid & to Rebuild the said ffort therein for defending 
the Same & to Settle familys thereon And in the Second 
Year of her late Majesty Queen Ann The then Governour 
ColP^ Dudley did in a very strong Manner press the said 
Generall Assembly then to regain the said Tract of Country 
from the ffrench & to Settle Inhitants thereon & to Rebuild 
the said ffort for their Defence But the said Generall Assem- 
bly absolutely refused to do it Alledging That should they 
put their province to the Expence of regauiing the said 
Country & Sethng the same with Inhabitants & Building a 
ffort thereon the Land would still be the Queens & Her 
Majesty might give it to whom she pleased after they should 
have putt their province to such vast Expence And then 



104 DOCUMENT AH Y HISTORY 

Insinuated as if from the advice given them from their Agent 
in England her said Majesty had a Designe to give the said 
Tract of Country to Coll^^ Dungon ( then or since Lord Lim- 
erick ) for his Setling the Same with Roman Catholicks from 
Ireland for which reason they Unanimously psisted m their 
Resolution not to put their province to any expence about it 
of all which Transactions of the Government & Gen'"all 
Assembly of the Massachusetts Bay relating to the afores*^ 
Tract of Country this Depon*' who then lived there not only 
took particular notice of himself But also was from time to 
time informed thereof by M'' Urian Oakes then Sj^eaker of 
the House of Representatives of the Massachusetts Province 
And this Depon* was the more desirous to know what passed 
relating to the s*^ Tract of Country because he always thought 
that from the Nature of the Soyle and Scituation thereof it 
might be made very beneficial to the Crown And tliis Depon' 
Saith that the s*^ Tract of Country remained in the possion 
of the ffrench fourteen years and untill it was retaken together 
with Nova Scotia by Gen'"all Nicholson with some Troops 
sent from hence by her late Majesty in the Year of our Lord 
One thousand Seven hundred and tenn at which time Nova 
Scotia together with the said Tract of Country was Surren- 
dred by Monsieur Subrecass the then Governour thereof for 
the ffrench King to the s*^ Gen" Nicholson for the Queen of 
Great Britaine upon Articles which expressly included all 
the Land from Cape Gaspee to the River Kennebeck which 
till then was actually in the possion of the ffrench King 
Which articles of Surrender from the s^ Gov"" Subrecass to 
the said Gen" Nicholson As also the ffrench Kings Commis- 
sion to his said Governour for the Territory of accada - ( so 
called by the ffrench ) particularly expressing all the Lands 
from Cape Gaspee ( which is near the mouth of the Great 
River of S* Lawrence or Canada ) to the River Kennebeck 
this Dep* saw in the hands of the said Gen^'all Nicholson a 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 105 

little before his death which happened on or about the sixth 
of March One thousand and Seven hundred & twenty Seven, 
Eight, which Territories this Depon* has been informed were 
yeilded by the ffrench Kmg to the Crown of Great Britain 
by the Treaty of Utrecht 

Jurat Septimo Die January Thomas Coram 

Anno Dm 1730 Coram Tho: Bennett 



James Alford's Affidavit 

James Alford late of Boston m New England but now of 
London Merchant Ebenezer Wentworth of Portsmouth in the 
Province of New Hampshire in New England Gent but now 
in London & William Wentworth late of Portsmouth afore- 
said in the province of New Hampshire aforesaid in New 
England Shipwright but now of the parish of Limehouse in 
the County of Essex Joyntly and severally make Oath as fol- 
io weth and first this Dep^ James Alford Sayth that he was 
born at Boston in New England aforesaid & continued there 
from the time of his birth to the year One thousand Seven 
hundred & twenty Eight being thirty years and upwards And 
all those Dep'* say that they neither know beleive or ever 
heard that the ffrench ever made or attempted to make any 
Settlements or improvem'* on an} part of the Land lying 
between the River Kennebeck in New England & Nova Sco- 
tia which had they done these Dep** assuredly beleive they 
must have heard of the same and this Dep* James Alford for 
himself Sayth that during the whole time of his being in New 
England aforesaid there was constantly chose every Year one 
Councillor for Sagadahock and this Dep* Ebenezer Went- 
worth for himself Sayth that he hath heard & been credibly 



106 DOCUMBNTABY HISTORY 

informed & always understood & took it & believed as he 
still does That a Councillor was & is annually Chose for Sag- 
adahock aforesaid & this Dep* James Alford for himself 
Sayth That during such the time of his being in New Eng- 
land as aforesaid to the Year One thousand seven hundred & 
twenty six there was almost constant Warrs between the 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay & New Hampshire & the 
Indians bordering upon them to the very great expence & 
loss of Men & money to the said provinces there not being a 
continued peace between them for three years together at 
any one time during this Dep'^ knowledge of New England 
to the best of this Dep** knowledge and beliefe and to which 
warrs as all these Dep** verily beleive it is wholly owing that 
the Eastern parts of the said province of Massachusetts Bay 
are not now in an improved Setled Condition 

Omnes Jurat fuer 28 die January 1730 

Coram 

J Bennett 
James Alford 
Eben' Wentworth 
William Wentworth 



Affidavit of John Blower and Others 

John Blower Esq' Captain of one of his Majesty's indepen- 
dent Companys at Plymouth James Erskine Lieuten* in the 
Regim* Comanded by Coll** Phillips & James Alford late of 
Boston in New England now of London Merchant Joyntly & 
Severally make Oath as foUoweth And first all these Dep"^* 
say that they very well rember the Expedicon made in the 
Year 1710 by the English fforces under Generall Nicholson 
as Comander in Chief ag* Port Royall now called Anapolis 



OF THE STATE OF MALNE 107 

Royall in Nova Scotia then in possion of the ffrench under 
the Comand of Monsieur Subrecass the then Governour 
thereof under the ffrench King & all these Dep''^ .say that to 
the best of their rembrance & beleif the fforces engaged in 
such Expedicon consisted in Detachments of about 500 Mar- 
iners sent from England under the Comand of Coll Readmg 
& 4 Regim'^^ raised in New England by the Severall Gov- 
ernm*^ there but principally by the Massachusetts Bay con- 
sisting in the whole of about 2000 men which Regiments 
were Comanded by S"" Charles Hobby Coll William Taylor 
Coll Whiting & Colonel Shadrak Walton & these Dep*' say 
that the forces so raised in New England were subsisted & 
paid by & at the Expence & Charge of the Severall Gov- 
ernni^'' in New England wlio raised them together with a suf- 
ficient Number of Vessells to transport them to Port Royall 
and these Depon'* say that on such Expedicon Port Royall 
was taken by the English the said ffrench Governour Surren- 
dring the same together with the province of Nova Scotia to 
the English & these Dep** can speak with the greater cer- 
tainty to the rmres afores*^ this Depon* John Blower Serving 
in the s'^ Expedition as Cap* Lieuten* in the Regim* comanded 
by Coll Walton & this Dep' James Erskine served in the said 
Expedicon as Ensign to the Regim* Comanded by Coll Tay- 
lor & this Dep* James Alford was at the time of the Said 
Expedicon at Boston in New England And these Dep** say 
that besides the Land forces above menconed there were also 
three or four of her late Matyes men of warr & a Bomb Ship 
& a Galley belonging to the province of the Massachusetts 
Bay Employed in the said Service 

Omnes Jurat 13° die 
January 1730 Coram 

John Blower 

James Erskine W. Wharton 

James Alford. 



108 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Samuel Penhallow's Affidavit. 

Samuell Penhallow late of New Hampshire in New Eng- 
land Merchant and now resideing in London maketh Oath 
and Saith that he this Deponent in or about the year One 
thousand Seven himdred and thirteen or One thousand seven 
hundred and ffourteen became Acq'^*^ with M"" John Watts 
att Boston in New England afores*^ who this Depon'' was 
informed and verily beleives was Employed by S"" Bibye 
Lake and CoUonell Hutchinson to make Settlem*^ in the East- 
ern parts of New England & this Depon* saith that in the 
year One thousand seven Hundred & Eighteen he this Depon* 
went from Boston to Visit his Bro*" Cap* John Penhallow at 
the town of Augusta ats Small point who was Justice of 
Peace & Comanded the ffort of the said Town and with his 
said Bro'' went from thence about seven Miles by land to the 
River Kennebeck which they Crost to Arrowsick Lsland 
where they went to a well ffortified Brick house & as he was 
Liformed & verily beleives was built by the said John Watts 
deced and then in the possion of Eliza Watts his widdow & 
this Dep* did also veiw the Town ( Called George Town ) on 
the s*^ Island of Arrowsick Consisting then of about forty 
very good Dwelling houses some of which were Garrisoned 
smce which the Above s^ Cap* John Penhallow Intermarr'' 
with the said Widdow Watts and Comanded the said fforti- 
fied Brick house wherein were placed a Number of Soldiers 
under the pay of the Massachusetts Bay as Declared by the 
s*^ Cap* John Penhallow to this Depon* which this Depon* 
verily beleives to be true And this Depon* did see upon the 
said Island some numbers of Cattle which this Depon* verily 
beleives belonged to the Inhabitants thereof who held their 
possions by vertue of some Grant from Collonell Hutchmson 
and M"^ Watts Agent for s*^ S'' Bibye Lake as this Depon* 
was there Credibly Informed And this Depon* saith that he 



OF THE STATE OF MAESTE 109 

together with M'^ Thomas Sanford of JiOndon Merchant are 
now Empowered by a Lre of Attorney from the said Captain 
John Penhallow this Deponts s*^ Mother and his said Wife 
late widdow of the said M' Watts to adjust accounts with S"" 
Bibye Lake for mony laid out and Expended by the said M'^ 
Watts in his life time about and in bringing forward the 
Settlementt and touching the said Captain John Penhallow 
and his said Wife's being Concerned in the Management of 
the s'^ S'' Bibye Lakes affairs there as aforesaid 

Sam^ Penhallow 
Jue Vicessimo secundo die July 

Millimo Septingessimo & trisessuuo 
primo Coram me 
Exam-i 23 July 1731 

J Licfhtbourn 



William Clark's Affidavit 

William Clark of Boston in New England Gentl now 
resideing in London maketh Oath and saith that he this 
Dep* went to accomp^ the late Lieuten* Gov'" Dummer in the 
Year One thousand Seven hundred & twenty six into the 
Eastern part of New England when the said Lieuten* Gov"" 
went there in order to Ratifie a peace with the Indians and 
in the said progress he this Dep* sailed up Kennebeck River 
and went a Shoar on the Island of Arrowsick where he this 
Dep'^ then saw ab* twenty very good Dwelling houses ( Inhab- 
ited by English ffamilys standing on the s*^ Island called 
Arrowsick one of which lyeing near the said River Kenne- 
beck was a very strong ffortified & walled Brick house planted 
with Cannon in which were placed Soldiers Comanded by 



110 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Cap* John Penhallow in the pay of the province of the Mas- 
sachusetts Bay for the Defence of the said Island and Inhit- 
tants & ano' of the said houses was also a ffortified house or 
Garrison And this Dep* saith that he hath been Informed & 
Verily beleives all the said ffamilys so Inhitting the said 
Island held or possed the same under the title or by vertue 
of some Grant from S"^ Bibye Lake ColP Hutchinson M"" 
Walcott or one of them And this Dep* further saith that one 
of the Inhittants went with him this Dep' to the place where 
great part of the Town ( Called George Town ) on the said 
Island formerly stood att which place he saw the ruins of a 
great Number of houses which this Dep* was Credibly 
informed had been burnt down or destro3'ed by the Indians 
in the last Warr And att which time he this Depon* was fur- 
ther Informed that a Number of Cattle were also destroyed 
in the said last war And this Deponent saith he was alsoe 
about the same tune att a place Called Richmond lyeing to 
the Northward of Arrowsick Island on the River Kennebeck 
aforesaid where he saw a large ffort or Garrison house fforti- 
fied with ten Cannon and a Number of English or New Eng- 
land soldiers Commanded by one Captain Joseph Heath who 
were all m the pay of the province of the Massachusetts Bay. 
William Clarke 

Jue Vicessimo die July Millimo 
septingessimo & tricessimo primo 
Coram me 
Exam'i 21° July 1731 J. Bennett 



Affidavit of Ehenezer ^ William Wentworth 

Ebenezer Wentworth of Portsmouth in the Province of 
New Hampshire in New England Gent but now in London 
& William Wentworth late of Portsmouth aforesaid in the 



OF THE STATE OF IVIAINE 111 

Province of New Hampshire afores'* in New England Ship- 
wright but now of the parish of Lime house in the County 
of Essex Jointly & severally make Oath as follows & 
first this Dep* Ebenezer Wentworth Sayth that he hath very 
well known & been acquainted with the province of the Mas- 
sachusetts Bay in New England & most of the Publick tran- 
saccons thereof from the Year One thousand Seven hundred 
and twenty six for near forty years preceeding And this Dep* 
W"' Wentworth Sayth that he was borne in the said Province 
of New Hampshire & was well acquainted with & very well 
knew the said province of the Massachusetts Bay & the pub- 
lick transaccons thereof from on or about the year 1690 to 
the year 1710 and both these Dep'* say that during all the 
said time that these Dep*' so respectively knew & were 
acquainted with the s*^ Province of the Massachusetts Bay & 
the publick transaccons thereof there never was to the best 
of these Dep** knowledge rembrance & beleife a continued 
Setled Peace with the Indians bordering on the s'^ province 
& the province of New Hampshire that held three yeares 
together but notwithstanding there were severall treaties of 
Peace entred into between the said provinces of the Massa- 
chusetts Bay & New Hampshire & the Indians, Yett these 
Dep** say the same was Constantly broke once in every two 
or three Years & during the time of the late ffrench warr 
there was almost a constant state of warr between the said 
Provinces of the Massachusetts Bay & New Ilampsliire & 
the severall Nations of Indians bordering upon them & which 
warrs with the Indians were often long bloody & expensive 
warrs And this Dep* Ebenezer Wentworth for himself sayth 
that about 40 years since to his best rembrance and beleife 
as to the time a Brother of this Dep*^' named Daniel Went- 
worth hved with Elihu Gurimson a noted shipwright of that 
County at a late Town called Sheepscutt at or near Pema- 
quid lying in the Eastern part of New England where this 



112 DOCUMENT AEY HISTORY 

Dep*^ Brother lived severall Years And this Dep* W™ Went- 
worth for himself Sayth that he hath often heard his father 
in Law William Tucker deced who was a ffisherman belong- 
ing to the said province of Massachusetts Bay say that he 
had often Sayled to the harbour of the said Town of Sheeps- 
cutt & cured ffish there which Town of Sheepscutt was long 
since burnt & destroyed by the Indians in the Warrs as both 
those Dep** have been credibly informed & beleive & both 
these Dep*' say that they have often heard & been credibly 
informed & do verily beleive that the Inhabitants of the 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay have often during the 
short Intervalls of Peace they had with the Indians Attempted 
to make Settlements in the East parts of New England but 
on the fresh breaking out of the warr that ensued they were 
drove from off the Land & what Settlem** they had made 
were destroyed and which Information both these Dep** the 
rather beleive to be true they having seen severall of the 
ruins of such demolished Settlem** & well knows the dis- 
tressed Cu'cumstances severall of the people were reduced to 
who had begun such Settlem** by their being so drove from 
the Same by the Indians & by the Indians demolishing thereof. 

Ambo Jurat fuer 26 : die 
January 1730 Coram 
Eben' Wentworth J Bennett 

William Wentworth 

Reced 1^^^ August ) i'vqi 
Read i** of Septemh'^ ) 

To the Right Honourable the Lords 
Commiss" for Trade and Plantations 

May it please Your Lordships 

In obedience to your Lordships Commands signified 

to us by M"^ Popple referring to us the State of a Case here- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 113 

unto annext concerning the Right to a Tract of Land lying 
between the Rivers Kennebeck and S* Croix, and directing 
us to hear both parties and report our opinion in point of 
Law thereupon to your Lordships. 

And also in obedience to your Lordships Commands signi- 
fied to us by M'^ Popple referring to us the several annex'd 
Petitions of S'' Bibye Lake Baronet and others, and of Sam- 
uel Waldoe Merchant on behalf of Elisha Cook Esq"" and 
others, and directing us to report our opinion upon the same 
to your Lordships, We have considered the said state of a 
Case and Petitions and find, that the said state of a Case sets 
forth, That by the Massachusets Charter it is ordained. That 
the Territorys and Colonys commonly called and known by 
the name of the Colony of the Massachusets Bay and Colony 
of New Plymouth, the Province of Main, the Territory called 
Accada or Nova Scotia and all that Tract of Land lying 
between the said Territory of Nova Scotia and the said Prov- 
ince of Main be Erected United and Incorporated unto one 
real province, by the Name of the Province of the Massachu- 
sets Bay in New England. 

And that their Majestys do thereby grant unto the Inhab- 
itants of the said Province or Territory of the Massachusets 
Bay and their Successors all that Part of New England in 
America lying within the Boundarys in the said Charter par- 
ticularly mentioned. And also the Lands and Hereditaments 
lying and being in the Country or Territory commonly called 
Accada or Nova Scotia, And all these Lauds and all these 
Lands and Hereditaments lying and extending between the 
said Country of Nova Scotia and the River of Sagadahock 
( or Kennebeck ) or any part thereof, and all Lands, Grounds, 
Places, Soils, Woods and Wood Grounds, Havens, Ports, 
Rivers, Waters and other Hereditaments and Premisses 
whatsoever lying within the s"^ Bounds and Limits aforesaid, 
and every part and Parcel thereof, and also all Islands and 



114 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Isletts lying within ten Leagues directly opposite to the 
Main Land within the s'' Bounds and all Mines and Minerals 
as well Royal Mines of Gold & Silver as other Mines and 
Minerals whatsoever in the said Lands and Premisses or any 
part thereof, To have and to hold the same with their & 
every of their appurtenances to the said Inhabitants of the 
Massachusets Bay and their Successors to their only proper 
Use and behoof for evermore, To be holden of their Majestys 
as of their Mannor of East Greenwich &c. Yielding there- 
fore yearly one fifth Part of all Gold and Silver Oar &c. 

That in the Clause of the said Charter directing the choice 
of the Counsellors or Assistants of the said Province who 
are to be 28 m Number, It is Ordered that 18 of them at 
least shall be Inhabitants or Proprietors of Lands within the 
Territory formerly called the Colony of the Massachusets Bay, 
and 4 at least of the Inhabitants or Proprietors of Land 
within the Territory formerly call'd the Province of Main, 
and one at the least of the Inhabitants of or Proprietors of 
Land within the Territory lying between the River of Saga- 
dahock & Nova Scotia. 

That there is power given to the Governour & Council to 
impose Taxes &c upon the Estate & Persons of the Inhabi- 
tants or Proprietors of the said Province. 

That in the s*^ Charter is the following Proviso. 

Provided that it shall and may be lawful! for the said 
Governour and General Assembly to make or pass any Grant 
of Lands lying within the Bounds of the Colonys of the Mas- 
sachusets Bay, and Now Plimouth and Province of Main in 
such manner as heretofore they might have done by Vertue 
of any former Charter or Letters Patents, which Grants of 
Lands within the Bounds aforesaid, We do hereby Will and 
Ordain to be and continue for ever in full force and Effect 
without our further Approbation or Consent, And so as nev- 
ertheless And it is our Royal Will and Pleasure that no 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 115 

Grant or Grants of any Lands lying or Extending from the 
River of Sagadahock to the Gulph of S* Lawrence and Can- 
ada Rivers and to the Main Sea Northward and Eastward to 
be made or past by the Governour or General Assembly of 
Our said Province, be of any Force, Validity or Effect, until 
We Our Heirs and Successors shall have Signified our or 
their Approbation of the same. 

That within the Tract of Land lying between St Croix and 
Sagadahock is a place called Pemaquid, where there was a 
Fort built by James then Duke of York, to whom that Tract 
was granted by King Charles the second in 1661, in order to 
preserve it from the Indians ; but the Indians afterwards 
assisted by the French made an Incursion into the said Tract 
of Land, & not only demolished the said Fort, but also 
destroyed many Familys then in a flourishing Condition 
which had been Settled there under the said Grant to the 
Duke of York. 

That soon after the said Charter was Granted S' W™ 
Phipps was appointed Governour of the Massachusets in 
whose time the said Fort of Pemaquid was rebuilt which was 
done for a shew of their Government over that Tract of the 
Country, but no Settlements or Familys were made therein, 
and the place being in a naked & Defenceless Condition, it 
was in 1696 taken by the French, who demolished the said 
Fort at Pemaquid, & the French King put that part of the 
Country under the Government of his Governour of Nova 
Scotia where his next Garrison then was And it remained in 
Possession of the French after the Peace of Reswick. 

That the French as a Testimony of their Right to and 
Possession of the said Tract, built a Church at the River 
Kennebeck or Sagadahock. 

That Joseph Dudley Esq'' (tlien Governour of the Massa- 
chusets several times by orders from her then Majesty) 
pressed the House of Representatives to rebuild the Fort and 



116 DOCUMENTABY HISTORY 

restore the Fortifications at Pemaquid, upon which the House 
of Representatives in their Address to the Queen express 
themselves as follows, 

As to the building a Fort at Pemaquid, 

The Expenses already made on our Fortresses, Garrisons, 
Marches, and Guards by Sea amounting to more than 
.£80000, a great part whereof is m arrear and impaid, besides 
the daily charge for our necessary Defence and the Prosecu- 
tion of the War, is become almost insupportable, & has 
brought us under very distressing Circumstances, and were 
the building a Fort at Pemaquid superadded thereto, It 
would render the Charge far beyond our ability, and we 
humbly conceive would be no Security to our Frontiers, or 
Bridle to the Indians, the Situation thereof being so much 
out of their ordinary road and upwards of One hundred Miles 
distant from any part of this Province at present Inhabited 
by the English, and of httle or no advantage to this Province 
although the Expence in building and supporting the late 
Fort at Pemaquid cost not less than £20000, which was not 
lost by any neglect of the Governm* it being fully supplyed 
for the Defence and Support thereof, but by the Cowardice 
or Treachery of the then Commanding Officer upon the 
Place, who received his Tryal, but was acquitted. 

That the s*^ Tract of Land continued in possession of the 
French to the Year 1710, when it was retaken by General 
Nicholson with some Troops sent from home to take Nova 
Scotia, which together with the said Tract was then Surren- 
dered to the said General by the French Governour, & which 
was afterwards yielded to the Crown of Great Britain by the 
twelfth Article of the Treaty of Utrecht. 

That Col Shute ( Governour of the Massachusets ), by His 
late Majestys Orders recommended to the House of Repre- 
sentatives the refitting the Fort of Pemaquid, or the building 
some Fort near that place that might be a greater Security 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 117 

to their Frontiers, upon which the said House of Represent- 
atives sent the following Message to the Governour, 

That upon a further consideration of his Excellencys 
Speech to the Court at the beginning of last Sessions, the 
House are humbly of Opinion that considering the low Cir- 
cumstances of this Province and the heavy debts that are 
upon it, that His Majestys Subjects here are not able to come 
into so great a Charge as the rebuilding the Fort at Pemaquid 
would be, and that in case of a Rupture a Fortification there 
would be no great security to the Lives and Estates of His 
Majesty's Subjects here, as our past Experience has abun- 
dantly convinced us. By reason that Pemaquid is at so great 
a distance from our English Settlements, But that at all times 
vv^iat shall be necessary for the defence and preservation of 
the Governm' here, We as good and loyal Subjects shall 
readily & cheerfully comply with. 

That this Tract of Land ( which is reputed part of Nova 
Scotia) did thus lye wast and uninhabited tho capable of 
very great improvements, and by the situation thereof the 
Lands in those parts with respect to their Produce, Harbours 
and Fisherys are of more value than any others in that part 
of America and would produce considerable Quit Rents, if 
the right thereto is in the Crown, so that the title to the 
Government as well as to the property in the Soil is of very 
great consequence, And therefore upon a Representation to 
His Majesty in Council that some Protestants from Ireland 
and from the Palatinate were desirous to Settle upon the said 
Tract of Land lying between the Rivers S* Croix and Kenne- 
beck ( Sagadahock ) extending about one hundred and Eighty 
Miles in length on the Sea Coast, His Majesty directed that 
His Surveyor of the Lands in Nova Scotia should assign them 
Lands according to their desire, which he accordingly did 
about a Year ago, and several Familys are now Settled 
thereon & improving the same, which were afterwards to be 
ratified to them. 



118 DOCUMENTARY HISTOIIY 

That the Inhabitants of Massachusets Bay who 'till this 
time always neglected the said Tract of Land as veiy incon- 
siderable and not worth their notice claim not only a Right 
to the Government but also to the Lands in the said Tract 
and the Government there threatens to drive the Familys 
( now settled there ) immediately out of the same. 

That the Inhabitants of the Massachusets do not now pre- 
tend any Right to that part called Nova Scotia which is like- 
wise included in their Charter, And the s*^ Tract of Land is 
reputed part of Nova Scotia th6 it is differently described in 
the Charter. 

Upon this state of the Case the Questions proposed to us 
were, Whether the Inhabitants of the Massachusets Bay ( if 
they ever had any right to the Governm* of the s*^ Tract of 
Land lying between S' Croix & Kennebeck ( or Sagadahock ) 
have not by their neglect & even refusal to defend, take care 
of and improve the same, forfeited their s*^ Right to the Gov- 
ernm*, and what Right they had under the Charter and now 
have to the Lands. 

Whether by the said Tract being conquered by the French 
and afterwards reconquered by General Nicholson m the late 
Queen's time, and Yielded up by France to Great Britain by 
the Treaty of Utrecht that part of the Charter relating thereto 
became vacated & whether the Governm* of That Tract and 
the Lands thereof are not absolutely revested in the Crown, 
and whether the Crown has not thereby a Sufficient Power to 
appoint Govern" and Assign Lands to such Familys as shall 
be desirous to Settle there. 



That the said Thomas Leveret Survived the said John 
Beauchamp, by vertue whereof he became Solely Entituled 
to the Benefit of the said Grant, and on his Decease all the 
said Lands and Premisses became vested in the said John 



OF THE STATE OF MAINTE 119 

Leveret Son of the said Thomas Leveret the surviving 
Grantee to whom the Petit' Mary Rogers is Heir at Law. 

That S"" Wilham Phipps then Governour of New England, 
not knowing, as it is presumed, of the s"^ John Leveret's 
Right to the said Land, Treated and agreed with Madako- 
wando who was Sacamore or Chief Sachem or King of the 
Penobscot Indians for the purchase thereof, and accordingly 
the said Madakowando for a valuable Consideration by his 
Deed Poll dated the Ninth of May 1691, Granted Released, 
Confirmed Enfeoffed, Bargained and sold the said Lands and 
Premisses to the said S'^ W'^' Phipps in Fee, which Deed was 
afterwards, Viz*^ the Tenth of May 1694, Personally acknowl- 
edged by the said Madakowando before two of the Members 
of His then Majesty's Council of Massachusets Province, and 
has been since acknowledged and allowed of by the Chief 
Sachems of the Indians and their Tribes, and Particularly 
was shown to and acknowledged and allowed of by them so 
lately as the fourth day of August 1726. 

That after the Peace of Utrecht which was also attended 
by a Peace with the Eastern Indians of New England, the 
said John Leveret formed to himself an intention of resettling 
the said Land with all possible Vigour and dispatch, but m 
regard all the old Settlem** were demolished, apprehending 
the undertaking too Extensive for a Single Person, he invited 
and agreed with Several Gentlemen of considerable Substance 
& Fortune to associate and join with him therein, and having 
brought his Designs to a degree of Maturity in the Year 
1719, that nothing might lay in his way, and to remove all 
possible obstructions, and as an additional strength to and 
confirmation of his Title & thereby the more to encourage 
his Associates to carry on the said Settlem** with Spirit and 
Vigour, the s^ John Leveret treated and agreed with Spencer 
Phipps Esq' adopted Son and Heir and also Devisee of the 
gd gr ^ym piiipps to purchase out his Interest in the said 



120 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Premisses and accordingly the said Spencer Phipps by his 
Deed Poll Indorsed on the said Indian Purchase Deed and 
bearing date the 18^^ day of August 1719, for a full and val- 
uable consideration, released, Assigned conveyed & confirmed 
to the said John Leveret as vs^ell the said Deed from the said 
Madakowando to the s'^ S'' W''' Phipps as also all the Tracts 
and parcels of Land thereby granted & conveyed to the s* S' 
W™ Phipps & which are mentioned in the s*^ Deed to be then 
in the Seizin and Possion of the s*^ Leveret with their appur- 
tenances, to hold to the said John Leveret his Heirs and 
Assigns to his and their only proper use & benefit for ever. 

That the said John Leveret having thus a secure Title in 
him to the said Tract of Land both by Grant from the Crown 
and by Purchase from the Indians which is always held invi- 
olable in these parts, & having associated several gentlemen 
of considerable fortune to join with him in Settling and 
improving these Lands, for the better effecting the same, the 
s*^ John Leveret by Deed of Association bearing date the 14**^ 
of Aug' 1719, admitted & joined the Petif^ Elisha Cook, 
Nathaniel Hubbard, Hannah Davis, Roberta Loyd, Sarah 
Byfield, John Bradford and Spencer Phipps as Associates to 
and with himself in the said Lands and Premisses conveying 
to each of them such parts and Shares of the said Lands as 
in the said Deed is particularly mentioned. And by another 
Deed of Association bearing date the 15*^ day of the same 
month of Aug* between the s*^ John Leveret & the last 
named Pet" of the one part, and the Pet" lahaleel Brenton, 
John Clarke, Samuel Brown, Tho^ Fitch whose Right is 
vested in the Pef John Fitch, Adam Winthrop, Samuel 
Thaxter, Oliver Noise, Stephen Minott, Anthony Stoddard, 
Thomas Westbrook, Thomas Smith, John Smith, Joseph 
Appleton whose Right is now vested in the Pef Nathaniel 
Appleton, Thomas Fairweather, Henry Franklyn, Gilbert 
Bant, Benjamin Brousden, W" Clarke, John Oulton, Jona- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 121 

than Waldo, Cornelius Waldo, and John Jeffries of the other 
part, reciting the several Deeds afores*^, the s*^ last Darned 
Pet" and those under whom they Claim as afores"^ are admit- 
ted and joined together as Associates in the said Land and 
Premises and such parts thereof allotted to them as in the 
said last Deed is particularly menconed the whole to be 
divided into 30 equal parts. To be holden by all the s*^ 
Pet" and those under whom they claim as aforesaid, their 
respective Heirs and Assigns for ever as Tenants in common, 
and to be no Survivorship, with proper Covenants, each oblig- 
ing the other to procure People to Plant, Settle and Inhabit 
two Towns of Eighty Familys each in a Christian manner in 
& upon the s*^ Tract of Land, under such Limitations, Condi- 
tions and Reservations as in the said Deed is expressed, and 
to erect two Saw Mills on the s"^ Land, and for the better 
Ordering and Regulating the said designed Settlements, It 
was Covenanted and Agreed that the Extent as the said two 
Towns should be described, and that the same should be laid 
out in a regular and defensible manner upon S' Georges 
River, and that proper Lotts in each Town should be set 
apart for a IMinister and a School unalienable, and that Lands 
should be also set apart to be bestowed on the Settlers in the 
said Townships, with Covenants for the Association to do 
the utmost for the compleating and perfecting of the said 
designed Settlements. 

That the rest of the Pef' have Since Purchased several 
parts of Shares from the other Pet" in the said Lands. 

That hereupon the Pet" and those under whom they Claim 
immediately began making the said Settlements, and soon 
after they agreed to have as much Land broke up and culti- 
vated as would accomodate a sufficient Number of Familys 
at least, and the Houses for their reception to be made com- 
fortable, and in order to prosecute and effectually bring for- 
wards the said intended Settlem* they built and finished two 



122 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

strong large Blockhouses, with a covered way from them to 
the Waterside, to secure the Men from the Incursions and 
Injuries of the Indians who daily resorted there in great 
numbers, & oftimes threatened those employed in Building 
& clearing the Land, who used several stratagems to get them 
from off those Lands ; And the Pet" also built a double Saw- 
Mill to facilitate the Settlem'^^ and bought a Sloop and hired 
men to transport People and their effects, besides several 
other Sloops employed by them in the said Undertaking, and 
had for above 12 Months a Captain and 20 Soldiers, whom 
they paid and subsisted in the said Blockhouses, and who 
were provided with great and small artillery to defend them- 
selves and the Workmen from the attacks of the French 
Indians at the sole Charge of the said Association. 

That by this means notwithstanding the great many dis- 
turbances they received from the French Indians, the Pet" 
very vigorously pushed forwards in Settling & bringing those 
Lands into a Capacity of receiving and Securing a Number 
of Inhabitants, and actually built and erected several Houses 
thereon. 

That in June 1721, the French Indians to the Number of 
200 Surprized took and burnt one of the Pet" Sloops, & 
killed one of their Men and took Six Captives, & then imme- 
diately made up in a Body to the Blockhouses, & the next 
day attacked them with firearms for several hours, and used 
several devices to have burnt the Blockhouses; but were 
defeated by the Courage of the Men employed by the Pet" ; 
But in this Attack the Pet" were great Sufferers, the Indians 
having killed one and taken Six Prisoners, burnt their Saw 
Mill, a large Sloop and sundry Houses, and killed many of 
their Cattle ; But notwithstanding this great destruction 
made on the Pet", they still kept and maintained the two 
Block-houses with Men and Warlike Stores and provisions 
for several months afterwards, although the Governm* of the 



OF THE STATE OF ISIAINE 123 

Massachusets had proclaimed War with these Indians and 
the other Eastern Tribes. 

That the Pet" being by this War incapacitated from pur- 
suing the Settlem'* they had so successfully began, were 
obliged to desist therefrom, but they yet held the two Block- 
houses and defended the same against a Siege laid to it by 
the Indians for twelve days together, and killed twenty of 
the Enemy, and apprehending the same might be of great 
Service to the Massachusets Governm* in carrying on the 
War, and until the Pet" should have occasion to use them 
for the purposes at first designed, which offer the Governm* 
accepted, and to whom they proved of great service in the 
War, and were the sole means of keeping that part of the 
Country from falling into the hands of the Indians, and have 
ever since continued under the Proteccon of the Governm*, 
and smce the War ended a Truck-house is erected in the 
Block-houses which are used as Magazines or Storehouses 
for Indian goods. 

That on the ending that War, the Pet" again resolved to 
go on with and continue their s'* settlem*', and for that pur- 
pose, they apphed for, and obtained a Letter from Samuel 
Shute Esq'' then Governour of the Massachusets Bay, to the 
Chief of the said Penobscot Indians to facilitate the Pet" 
going on with and finishing their said Settlem**, But soon 
afterwards another War broke out with those Indians which 
then prevented the Pet" further proceeding in their intended 
Settlem*^ But a Peace being again Concluded with them some 
short time before M'' Burnet's coming to that Govemm* the 
Pet" being still intent and resolved on bringing forward and 
finishing the said Settlem*^ obtained a like letter from Gov' 
Burnet as they had before done from Gov"" Shute and were 
going on to Settle and improve those lands with all possible 
vigour and dispatch, and had actually got a minister and 120 
Family s ready to go and Settle one of the intended Towns, 



124 DOCUMENT AEY HISTORY 

But to their great Surprize, disappointment and loss, the 
Pet"^ have met with an Interruption herein from David Dun- 
bar, Esq' Surveyor General of His Majestys Woods in Amer- 
ica, who being waited on by a number of the Petit" hath 
forbidden the Pet"^* from going on with the said Settlem*% 
and Informed the Pef* that he could not permit their going 
on with their Settlem*^ on any other terms, but their taking 
Grants from him in the same manner as if they had not 
already any Title thereto, upon which the Petitioners informed 
IVP Dunbar that they thought it their Duty to lay before His 
Majesty the matter aforesaid, and M'' Dunbar promised the 
Pet" not to intermeddle with the said Lands 'till His Maj- 
esty's Pleasure should be known. 

Therefore and as the Pet" have so clear a Title to their 
Lands both by Grant from the Crown, and Purchase from 
the Natives, and have had the Possession thereof for so many 
years, and been at a very great expence in erecting the Block- 
houses and several other Buildings thereon, and defending 
the same in the manner before Stated, & their endeavours 
and attempts to improve and settle the same, which had been 
long since compleated by the Pet" but from the unavoidable 
interruptions given them by the Wars, but have always by 
means of their Block-houses kept the Possession thereof, and 
thereby Guarded and Protected all that part of the Country, 
and as the Pet" are determined to compleat the said Set- 
tlem*' with all possible dispatch, which being of great advan- 
tage to the Province of the Massachusets and His Majestys 
Interest there. 

The Pet" in consideration of the Premisses most humbly 
prayed His Majesty that His Majesty would be Plea.sed to 
send the necessary Orders or Instructions to the said David 
Dunbar not to intermeddle with the said Tract of Land to 
which the Petitioners are so intituled as afores*^, and that he 
do not interrupt, or obstruct or disturbe the Pet"^^ in carrying 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 125 

on their Settlem*' there on any pretence whatsoever, that so 
the Pet" may be quieted in the enjoym* thereof and carry on 
the Settlem*^ intended by them without Molestation 

And we Certifye Your Lordships that we have been 
attended by M' Paxton SoUictor for the affairs of His Maj- 
estys Treasury, and by the respective Agents of the Province 
of the Massachuset's Bay in New England, and of the Pet", 
and have heard Council on behalf of the Crown, and of all 
the said parties, at which I-[ earing v/ere laid before us a Copy 
of the Charter granted by their late IMajties King William 
and Queen Mary on the 7'^ day of October in the 3'^ Year of 
their reign to the Inhabitants of the s^ Province of the i\Ias- 
sachusets Bay, and the several affidavits hereunto annexed, 
together with Copies of diverse Conveyances of particular 
parcells of Land lying within the Tract in question, wliich 
were Certified under the Seal of the said Province. 

Upon considering the said Case and Petitions, and tlie 
Evidence laid before us, and what was alledged on all sides, 
It appears to us 

That all the said Tract of Lands lying between the Rivers 
Kennebeck and S* Croix is ( amongst other tilings ) granted 
by the said Charter to the Inhabitants of the said Province, 
and that thereby power is given to the Govern' & General 
Assembly of the said Province to make grants of I-ands 
within the said Limits, Subject to a Provisoe that no such 
Grants should be of an}^ force until their said late Majestys 
their Heirs or Successors should have Signified their appro- 
bation of the same. 

It appears also by the said Charter that the Rights of 
Governm^ granted to the said Province extend over this 
Tract of Land. 

It doth not appear to us that the Inhabitants of the said 
Province have been guilty of any such Neglect or Refusal to 
defend this part of the Country as can create a forfeiture of 



126 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

that subordinate Right of Government of the same, or of such 
Property in the Soil as was granted to them by the said 
Charter; it being Sworn by several of the said Affidavits 
that a Fort was erected there and for some time defended at 
the Charge of the Province, and that Magistrates and Courts 
of Justice have been appointed within this District, and that 
one of the Council of the Province hath always been chosen 
for this Division ; And tho it is certain that this part of the 
Province hath not been improved equally with other parts 
thereof. Yet considering the vast Extent of Country granted 
by this Charter, and the great Improvements made in several 
parts of it, We conceive that will not create a forfeiture, 
because in such cases it is not to be expected that the whole 
should be cultivated and improved to the same advantage, 
and. whether there hath been such a neglect or Non-user of 
any part as may amount to a forfeiture must be judged of, 
not upon the particular circumstances attending that part 
only, but upon the circumstances of the whole. 

And if the Province had incurred any forfeiture in the 
present Case, no advantage could be taken thereof but by a 
legal proceeding by Scire facias to repeal their Charter, or by 
Inquisition finding such forfeiture. 

As to the Question stated in the Case upon the effect of 
the Conquest of this Tract of Countrey by the French, and 
the Re-conquest thereof by General Nicholson, We conceive 
that the said Tract not having been Yielded by the Crown 
of England to France by any Treaty, the Conquest thereof 
by the French created according to the Law of Nations only 
a Suspension of the Property of the former Owners and not 
an Extinguishment of it, and that upon the Re-conquest by 
General Nicholson aU the ancient Rights both of the Province 
and of private persons. Subjects of the Crown of Great Brit- 
ain did revive and were restored jure postliminii. This Rule 
holds the more strongly in the present case in regard it 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 127 

appears by the affidavits that the Province joined their Forces 
to those which came thither under the Command of General 
Nicholson in this Service. 

For these reasons we are of Opinion that the said Charter 
still remains in force, and that the Crown hath not power to 
appoint a particular Governour over this part of the Prov- 
ince, or to Assign Lands to persons desirous to settle there ; 
nor can the Province grant these Lands to private Proprie- 
tors, without the approbation of the Crown according to the 
Charter. 

As to the Case of the Petitioners in the two Petitions 
referred to us, who insist upon particular Titles in tliem- 
selves to certain parcels of Land lying within the District in 
question, we have examined into their Claims, and find 
by the above-mentioned Copies of Deeds and Writings 
produced by them, that several of the Petitioners and 
those under whom they claim have had Conveyances made 
to them of several of the said parcels of Land, some from 
the Council of Plimouth, which was constituted by Char- 
ter in the Reign of King James the first and whose Grants 
are Confirmed by the Charter of King William and Queen 
Mary, and others from Indians pretending to be owners 
thereof under which Grants large Sums of Money appear 
by the said Affidavits to have been laid out in Endeav- 
ouring to Settle and improve the Lands therein comprized, 
several of which Sums were expended not many years 
agoe particularly a Sum of £2000 by S'' Bibye Lake in the 
Year 1714, and other Sums of Money by others of the Peti- 
tioners in the Years 1719 and 1720. And tho' these Set- 
tlements and improvements have been in great Measure 
interrupted and defeated by frequent Warrs and Incursions 
of the Indians, Yet several of the Petitioners or their Ten- 
ants appear to be still in Possession of some parts of the said 
Tract of Land. 



128 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Some objections were made before us to the nature of the 
Grants & Conveyances under which the Petitioners claimed, 
and to the manner of deducmg down their Titles ; But we 
conceive that in questions of this kind concerning Rights to 
Lands in the West Indies, and upon Enquiries of this nature, 
the same regularity and exactness is not to be expected as in 
private Suits concerning Titles to Lands in England, but 
that in these cases the principal Regard ought to be had to 
the Possession and the Expenses the partys have been at in 
endeavouring to Settle and Cultivate such Lands. 

Therefore upon the whole matter we are of opinion that 
the Petitioners, their Tenants or Agents ought not to be dis- 
turbed in their possession or interrupted in carrying on their 
Settlements in the Lands granted to them within the District 
in question. 

All which is submitted to Your Lordships consideration 

P. Yorke 
lltu ^Yugt 1731. C. Talbot 



Jeremiah Dunbar s Affidavit 

Jeremiah Dunbar of London Gent maketh Oath That he 
having a Deputation as Surveyor of his Majesty es Woods in 
America did about the Month of January last or ffebruary 
last past by virtue and in Execution of his said offtce Travell 
a great many Miles to and fro in that Tract of Country scit- 
uate between the River S* Croix at Nova Scotia and the 
River Kennebeck and did not see one house or anything 
done towards improving and Setling the said Country Except 
what was built and Done by the sev'^all ffamilys which went 
over thither with ColP^ Dunbar this Dep^^ Brother in Or 
about the Month of October One thousand Seven hundred 



OF THE STATE OF IVIAIKE 129 

and twenty Nine in order to Settle in and Improve the said 
Country 

Jer: Dunbar 
Jurat Septimo Die Jan'^^ 
Anno Dm 1730 Coram Tho Bennett 



Jeremiah Dunbar s Affidavit 

Jeremiah Dunbar of London Gent maketh Oath That he 
this Deponent did in or about the latter end of December last 
receive the annext written paper or Petition from his Brother 
Coir^ Dunbar Surveyor General of His Majestyes woods in 
North America and verily beleives that the Same was Sub- 
scribed by the severall psons whose Names are thereunder 
particularly written who are some of the people that lately 
went to the Tract of Land between S* Croix and Kennebeck 
in order to settle there and Improve that Country under the 
said Coll" Dunbar, And this Deponent further saith that 
unless the Lands there be speedily allotted to the Sev'"all 
persons who are lately gone to Settle in that Country this 
Depon* verily beleives they will break up and leave the Same. 

Jurat Vicessimo Sexto Die January 
Anno Dm 1730 Coram me 
Jer: Dunbar J.Bennett 



Petition of Some Settlers in Georgia 
[ Inclosed in foregoing.] 

To His Honnar Colo" David Dunbar Comander and Settler 
of His Majustis Provance of Georgia. 
We His Majustis loyall Subjects & y' Honnars Humble 



130 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Petitianars Earnestly Desirs and requests, that according to 
his Majustis Instructions, by your Honnar made Publick for 
the Inhabiting and Settling the Easterd of this Contry, 
would Grant us a township to be laide out from the Eastren 
side of Kenabeck River, to run Eastwards alongst Mouns- 
wack Bay and Northerdly alongst Kenabeck River and so 
into the Contry, and we pray that your Honoar would give 
orders that it may be laid out this fall in order that we may 
make Improvements on the saim this winter by Clearing and 
making fraims in order to be in arediness to plant and make 
Houses in the Spring, the Delaying of which untill the 
Spring will be a means of losing our Simimers Improvement ; 
Theirfor we Humbly pray that as little time may be lost as 
will Shewt with your Honoars Conveniency, And as in Duty 
bound we Shall Ever Pray 

William Vincent Tho : Rodgers &c 

Anthony Vincent John Malcome Thomas Stinson 

W"" Woodside Matthew McKinney James Gordon 



Peter Iberrat 
John Linsay 
James Woodside 
David Duning 
David Mackan 
Nehemiah Cartter 
James Willson 
Tho. Rodgers 
Patreck Rodgers 
Charles Robsen 
William Edger 
Michal Makiam 



George Rodgers 
Colam Smith 
W" ffulerton 
John Stinson 
Will"' fullerton 
W"' Rodgers 
Robert Allen 
David Allen 
James Mcfarland 
Hennery Edger 
John pumery 
Demeil ore 



James Stinson 
John Mcphetres 
James Duning 
Thomas Motherwell 
Thomas Walker 
Charles Stuart 
William Stinson 
Samuel McCobb 
William Muster 
Samuel harnden 
John Tarp 
Jonathan Probb 



OF THE STATE OF MAHSTE 131 

Memorial of Mr. Stephen Parker. 

To His Excellency 

Jonathan Belcher Esq' Cap*Generl & Commander in Chief 
in & over his Majesties Province of the Massachusetts-Bay & 
to his Majesties Council of said Province. 

The Memorial of Stephen Parker, Clerk, humbly sheweth 
that whereas the Memorialist hath faitlifully discharged the 
Duty of a Protestant Missionary to the Tribe of Indians on 
Kennebeck River ; and of a Chaplain at Richmond Fort on 
said River five years successively, whereby Your Memorialist 
becomes entitled to the Sum of One Hundred Pounds agrea- 
ble to a vote of the Great & General Court of this Province 
passed in May Session A. D. 1732: Therefore Your Memo- 
rialist humbly prays the aforesaid Sum may be allowed to 

Your Excellency's & Honour's Most Dutifull, Humble 
Servant 

Stephen Parker. 



Earl of Westmorland ^ Others to Gov^ Belcher. 

Whitehall October lO*'' 1732 
S' 

We have received yours of the 12'*^ 21*' and 24*^ of June 
IS'*' and 26'^ of July, 31«' of Aug«S 29**' October 1731 10'*» 
of July and 14''* of Aug" last, with the several publick 
Papers, therein mentioned to be inclos'd 

The Substance of all which Letters relating principally to 
the old Difficulties in the Matter of your Salary, upon which 
you have had our repeated Opinion. To the ( Repeal of 



132 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

your Instructions ) for tlie methiod of supplying the Treas- 
ury & issuing of paper Money ) but lately determined ; and 
to the disputes about Command in your Absence from New 
Hampshire, upon which his Majesty has not yet decided. 
We have had nothing new to trouble you with of late, and 
therefore have not till now acknowledged the receipt of these 
Letters. 

With respect to your Salary, We advise you to continue 
your Endeavours to induce the Assemblj'^ to a due Compli- 
ance with his Majesty's most reasonable Demands. For th6 
his Majesty as you have hitherto fullfiUed your Duty in this 
particular, by complying with the Tenor of your Instruction, 
has once had the Goodness to allow you to receive a Present 
from the People, in lieu of a Salary ; We cannot yet say what 
may be the Success of your second Application, And certain 
it is, That we cannot constantly advise his Maf" to shew the 
like consideration to a People, who in no Instance, have 
shewn any Inclination to do what has been proposed to them 
by his Royal Instructions. 

We are surprized that after so solemn Determinations on 
the Method of supplying the Treasury & against y® Incon- 
venience of our paper Currency in excess which gave rise to 
your 16*^^ and 30*^ Instruction Your Assembly should make 
fresh application for their Repeal : But before this comes to 
your hands you will have received the King's Pleasure upon 
those matters, which we hope will put a final End to this 
Dispute. But if the Assembly of New England when they 
come to be acquainted with his Maf* confirmation of these 
Instructions should either refuse or neglect to supply 
the Treasury of that Province in a legal manner, so that 
neither the Fortifications can be kept up, nor the Dignity of 
his Maf" Governm* supported : It will be the Assembly only 
that will remain answerable for the ill consequences of their 
own Conduct. 



OF THE STATE OF JVIAESTE 133 

Having considered what you and Col° Dunbar have wrote 
concerning the Right of Conunand in New Hampshire, and 
what should be deem'd an Absence in the Command'' in Chief, 
60 as to enable the Lieu* Gov^ of that Province, to take upon 
him the said Command, And concerning this question to be of 
great Consequence to his Majestj-'s Service, and to the Peace 
and good Government of the Province, We thought it proper 
to lay the state thereof before his Ma*^ for his Royal Orders 
thereupon v\^hich he had not hitherto been pleased to give. 

Your remarks upon what M'' Newman wrote to you about 
his having applied to this Board for the Appointment of some 
Councillors in New Hampshire are something new. For 
if you imagine that joui being directed to lay before us con- 
stant Lists of such Persons as you may think qualified for 
that Trust, imphes any necessity that we should nominate 
from your List only We must inform you, that you are very 
much mistaken. And as wee are answerable for such per- 
sons as this Board recomends to his Majesty for Councillors, 
wee ought to acquire all y'^ Liformation wee can concerning 
their Characters. 

We can't avoid taking Notice of the Many Parts of your 
Lrs, where, in general you Insinuate pretty hard things 
against the Character of Col : Dunbar. If you design this, 
by Way of Complaint against him We desire to know it, that 
We may send him Copies thereof for his Answer : If not, 
you may discontinue this way of writing for the future 
Because it would be hard that any Mans Reputation should 
be call'd in question without an opportunity of making his 
Defence. 

So we bid you heartily farewell & are 

Your very Loving Friends & humble Servants 
P Docminiqur Westmoreland 

M. Bladen 
Ja. Brudenell. 



134 DOCTJMENTAIIY HISTORY 

M^ Secry Pelliam to Colonel Bunhar. 

Whitehall Septem'^ 20*^ 1732 

My L*^* Comm" have consid'd your sev^ Lrs to me, 
relatmg to the disputed Title to the Lands to the Eastward 
of Kennebeck, but as the Attorney & SoP Gen^ have given 
their Opinion that, that Tract of Land belongs to the Massa- 
chusetts Bay, My Lords have nothing to add upon that 
Subject, and more especially since your Brother will give you 
a particular Acc'^ of what has happen'd, since his being in 
England. 

My L*^* have conside'd what you have wrote, ag* the Pro- 
ceedings of the Judge of the Admty ; Bat as that Matter is 
more properly under the Inspection of the L'^* of y® Admty, I 
have sent Copies of what you have wrote, to them. 

In answer to that Part of your Lre of the 26 : May last, 
wherein you say, You judge my having told you that my L*^* 
desire you would be punctual in your Correspondence, was 
meant as a Rebuke for your frequent writing and mention- 
ing things not belonging to you because no notice is ever 
taken of them I am to acquaint you that no such rebuke was 
intended, So far from it, that my L*^* only recommended a 
Continuance of your punctual Correspondence and altho 
particular answers may not have been made to eveiy Para- 
graph of Your Lrs. It does not follow from thence, that no 
Notice has been taken of what you have said. 

I am Sir Your most humble Ser*. 

P. 

Letter David Dunbar to Jbsiah Willard, Secretary. 

Fredericks Fort Dec^ the W' 1732 
Sir 

On the 19*^ instant Cap* Saunders called here and 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 135 

delivered me Your letter with a pacq* I gave him a receipt 
for it, but as I imagine this may reach You before he can 
return from Georges I take this Oppertunity to acquaint you 
w*^ it And to tell You that if any Soldiers are ordered hither 
before the Kings troops have conveniencys to remove hence, 
they may be accomodated with house room within the Fort, 
as for My part I shall remove when Oppertunity & Weather 
will permit, in the mean time all due Obedience shall be 
pay^ to the order contained in the pacquet You sent me, but 
as you took no notice to me of its Contents there is no 
occasion for me to say more 

I am Sir Your Most Humble & Obed* Serv* 

David Dunbar 
Mr Sec'^y Willard 
In the House of Rep*'^^" April 4, 1733 Read. 



Letter Eheri^ Hinsdell to Gov. Belcher ^ others Jan. S6, 

1732/3 

May it Please Your Excellency w* others 

The Honour^^ And Reve*^ Commissioners. — 
It was some considerable time after I Came heither before I 
saw any of y® Indians they being All out at y"' hunting, but 
Since y"^ has been some Number here but yet but few Com- 
pared w* what have been here heretofore. And w* those y* 
have been here I have Endeavour'd As Much As In Me Lies 
to Ingratiate My selfe by Manifesting an Earnest Concern to 
ym fQj. Y^ Wealfare, & as I have had Oportunity I have 
Endeavoured W" I think they Will be Most ready to hear to 
Introduce some Discourse on Divine things & many times 



136 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

they will barken W* Diligence & Consent to what I say. 
One Came Into my Studdy & sat w* me some time & I 
having y^ holy Bible in my hand took occasion from thence 
to tell him of y® Excellencies of y^ Book, From Whence it 
Came &, y* End it was sent Into y® World for be would Con- 
sent y* it might be sent for a rule to y* White people but not 
for y*" & argued it from y' Never hearing of it before y^ 
English Came among y"" & from y' Not being Able to read it, 
I told him y® allmighty offered it to some first & y'' to others 
And y* many In y® world besides y"* ware Intirely ignorant 
of it, & y* now he was pleased to offer it to y"" & as to y* 
reading of it We were all of us tought one of another & y* I 
was now Sent to teach & Instruct y™ In it & y* I should be 
Glad to teach him if he Would Learn, he Gave me Some 
Slight Encouragement y* he would learn In y^ Spring. Some 
time after this I perceived they had a mind to have a Child 
Baptized y* was w* y'" I purposed to Discourse w* y*" about 
it but before I had oportunity to my surprise y' Came a 
Number of y"" on y® Sabbath between Meting to offer y^ 
Child to Baptism but y" Cap* by whom they must Speak 
being suspicious of y^ Design absented himselfe y* they 
might take a more Convenient opportunity to Discourse w' 
me. In y* Evening after y* Sabbath y^ Grand parents of y® 
Child ware sent to treat w* me Concerning it I told y'" y* y' 
ware Certain Qualifications necessary to those y* offer y' 
Infants to baptism & first of all it was necessary they Should 
be Instructed In y^ principles of Religion y^ they might be 
Qualified to receive y® ordinance y^selves, & w'* they ware so 
I told y"" y'^ Infants should have y*" Scale administred y™ as 
readily as to ours, I told y"" further I was sent to teach & 
Instruct y"* & was allwaise ready to Do it & should be Glad 
they would Come to me they seamed to be Well pleased & 
Satisfied w* what I had said to y"" & they Gave me Incour- 
agement y* y^ mother of y® child Should live Near & Come to 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 137 

me this "Winter to be Instructed, but She is this Week Gone 
into y* Woods W* y® others to y' Hunt Contrary to my Expec- 
tation; But my Expectations are now raised w' respect to some 
Children Now in y® woods, y® mother of y"" has y® character 
of a Woman more free from vice y" y® Generality of y™ & 
Manifests a Concerne for y® vices she sees In her husband, & 
told ( as I am Informed ) of Going to Canady Next Spring 
for y® sake of Having her Children Instructed. This Week 
She Came out of y® woods for provision & Gave me a 
Desired opportunity to offer my Service to Instruct y"' in y^ 
principles of religion & to read & write. She is now returned 
to her Children In y® wood' & Gives me some Incouragement 
She will bring y"* to me in ye Spring. In y® mean Time & at 
all Times I shall Endeavour to pursue my Instructions & 
Strive If Possible I may be an Instrument of bringing at Least 
some of y™ to y* true knowledge of God in Christ Jesus, & 
Intreat Your Prayers, y* Gods Blessing May be Granted 
upon ye Labours of Your Most Obedient Humble Serv* 

Ebenezer Hinsdell 
Fort Dummer January y* 26*^ 
Anno Dom: 1732/3. 

[ Superscribed ] 
To His Excellency Jonath" Belcher Esq W' the other 
Houour^^'' & Rev'' Commissioners for Propagating The 
Gospell Among The Heathen. 



Capt. Joseph Heath to U Gov'^ W^ Dummer 

Richmond April 27'^ 1734 
Honourable S*^ 

Yours pr Ensigne Clark I had the Honour of Receiving - 
The larcje house for the accommodation of the Mohawks is 



138 DOCUIVIENTARY HISTORY 

up & finished Except the Chimneys for which the brick are 
making & will be Ready in a few Dayes. In case the 
Mohawks come Down I Believe they wiU expect Such things 
as they shall want will be Lodg'd here, I Desire therefore 
that Such Necessaryes as your Honour shall think it proper 
to Supply them with may be Sent, with instructions for my 
Goverment in Disposing there of, as well as the provision & 
ammunition I am to Deliver them from time to Time. 

I have lately buryed three of my men who Dyed Suddenly 
with a pluretick Fever. 

Collo^ Westbrook Order*^ me to Dismiss 16 men of my 
Company & Sent me but 14 of the Recruits, he also Detein'^ 
an other of my men ( Viz Ebenezer Nutting ) as an Armourer 
at Falmouth, & I understand the Recruits are all Dispos** of : 
Nevertheless I Don't mention this by way of complaint 
against the Colo^ in the least. But only to Discharge my 
Duty in acquainting your Honour with y® State of this Gar- 
rison. The Season to Expect the Enemy is now come & 
they are gathering to gether. And in order to be Enabled to 
Entercept some of them And also Fit out a party of y® 
Ablest, to march with y® Mohawks ( if they come & your 
Honour thinks it proper) I should be very Glad to be made 
up a full Company. 

But Humbley Submit And with Dutifull Respect 

I am Your Honour^ most Humble Obedient Servant 

Joseph Heath 
[ Superscribed ] 
On His Majesties Service 
To The Hon^^^ William Dummer Lieu* Governour & 
Commander in Chief of his Majesties Provmce of the 
Massachusetts Bay in New England present in Boston 
pr Cap* Gyles. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 139 

New Marhlehead Original Grant Sf List of Grantees. 

" Coppy of the Originall Grant & List of the Grantees of 
New Marblehead in the County York." 

At a Great and Generall Court or Assembly 
for his Majesties Province of the Massachu- 
setts Bay in New England, held by Adjourn- 
ment on Wednesday the 20''^ of November 
1734 
A Petition of Abraham Howard and Joseph Blaney Esq" 
Representatives of the Town of Marblehead Shewing that the 
Said Town is of very Small Extent and the Inhabitants more 
Numerous than in most Towns in the Province So that they 
are much Straitned in their Accomodations and therefore 
praying for a Tract of Land for a Township for such Persons 
belonging to the said Town of Marblehead as will settle 
there on — 

In the House of Representatives Read & Voted That there 
be and hereby is granted a Tract of Land of the Contents of 
Six Miles Square lying Eastward, and adjoyning to the Town- 
ship lately laid out to the Narragansett Grantees on the Back 
of Falmouth in the County of York, and that John Wam- 
wright Esq'' Cap" John Hobson and Daniel Eps Esq' with 
Such as the Hono^^^ Board shall appoint be a Committee 
fully Authorized to Admitt Sixty Inhabitants belonging to 
the Town of Marblehead that are most likely to Settle and 
bring forward a New Plantation and that most need a Grant 
of Land, the Committee to lay out the Said Township as 
also the first Division of Home Lots : in as Defenceable a 
Manner as Conveniently may be The number of Lots to be 
Sixty three and to draw future Divisions in Equal jDroportion. 
three of the aforesaid Lots or Rights to be Disposed of, one 
to the first Settled Minister : one for the Ministry, and the 
other for the use of the School The Grants to be confirmed 



140 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

upon the Grantees fulfilling- the following Conditions and for 
that purpose : that the Committe take a Bond of twenty five 
pounds Each for the performance thereof Viz That they be 
upon the Spot and have an house of Eighteen feet Squre & 
seven feet Stud at the least to Each Right. Seven Acres of 
Land brought to English Grass and fitted for Mowing, that 
they Settle a Learned Orthodox Minister and build a conven- 
ient Meeting house for the Publick worship of God, within 
five Years from their Admsion and that Each Grantte pay 
the said Committee five pounds upon their Admision which 
shall be used for defraying — charge of — Survey. The 
Remainder to be improved for the publick Benefit of — 
Plantation — upon Failure of performance — Right of such 
as fail to Revert to — Province as if no such Grant had been 
Made. 

In Counsel Read & Concurred and William Dudley and _ 
Esq"^^ are Joined in — affair 

Consented to J Belcher 

A True Coppy Examined 

g Thad. Mason Dep* Sec'^ 
A True Coppy Attest Will"' Goodwin 

Clerk to s^ Granttees 

A List of — Names of — Original Grantees with — num- 
ber of — Home Lots or first Division as Drawn &c by — 
Committe 

N° 1 Disposed of for the use N° 33 Disposed for the Min- 

of the School. istry 

2 Cawley Wright 34 " " for the first 

3 Cap* Robert Parramore setled minister 

4 the Rev*^ George Bigot 35 Nathaniel Cogswell 

5 Michael Bowden 36 Benj : Hendly 

6 Samuel Stacey 3<^ 37 Samuel Lee Esq' 

7 Eben*' Hawks Jun' 38 Benjamin James Jun' 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



141 



8 Richard Dana 

9 John Reed 

10 Thomas Wood 

11 Robert Bull 

12 Thomas Chute 

13 Coll" John Palmer 

14 Nicholas Edgcome 

15 Cap" Peter Coleman 

16 James Sharrar 

17 Nathaniel Bartlet 

18 Benjamin Dodd 

19 Joseph Majory 

20 Jonathan Proctor 

21 John Stacey 

22 Richard Reed 

23 John Bailey 

24 Ebenezer Stacey 

25 Thomas Bartlet 

26 James Perriman 

27 Moses CoUey 

28 Robert Hooper Jun"^ 

29 Joseph Gallison 

30 Nathan Bo wen 

31 James Skinner 

32 Abraham Howard Esq^ 



39 Francis Bowden 

40 the Rev"^ Edward Holyoke 

41 John Oulton Esq'' 

42 Isaac Mansfield 

43 Jedidiah Blaney 

44 Joseph Howard 

45 Joseph Swett 

46 Samuel Brimblecome 

47 Joseph Griffen 

48 Joseph Smitherst 

49 William Ingalls 

50 Jeremiah Allen 

51 John Felton 

52 Joseph Blaney Esq' 

53 Andrew Tucker 

54 Humplirey Deverux 

55 Nathaniel Evans 

56 John Homan 

57 William Maberry 

58 William Goodwin 

59 Thomas Frothingham 

60 Ebenezer Ilawkes 

61 Giles Iveamy 

62 Isaac Turner 

63 James Peirson 



Letter John Minot to Secretary Jonah Willard. 

Fort Richmond Jan^^ 10"> 1734/5 
Hon*^ S-^ 

I Rec"^ yours wherein 3'ou write for the names of Indians 
which I could best recomend for Comiss" but you doe not 
say what number are allowd for this river. I have given two 



142 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Commissions already to two of the prinsipall men here if 
there is four allow"^ desire you'l please to send one for 
Quenois and another for Toxus if six send one for Maqua- 
womba & another Plission or Peirson but if only four are 
allovvd for this river send the Two first mentioned. 
Toxus is Sagamore of this River, 

I am Yo"" humb. Serv* 

John Minott 

Petition 

To his Excellency S"^ William Phips Kn* Capt* Gen" and 
Govern' in Cheif And to the hon^^® Councill and Repre- 
sentatives Convened in Generall Assembly for the Province 
of the Massechusets Bay in New=Engiand now sitting 

The humble Peticon of Roger Kelly in Behalfe 
of himselfe and the rest of the Inhabitants of 
the Isles of Shoales under this Goverment 
Humbly Sheweth 

That your Peticoners being but a mean and poore people 
and wholly depending upon fishing for their maintainance 
and through the poverty of the Inhabitants of Smutti nose 
alias Church Island and hog Island ther is onely your Peti- 
con' Kelly and one more that are able to set out any fishing 
boats without whom your Peticon" were not able to get 
bread for their familys notwithstanding your Peticoners have 
not hitherto been any way Chargable to this Province but on 
the other hand your Peticoner Kelly hath been at Consider- 
able Charge in entertaining Soldiers puting in here by Con- 
trary winds goeing and coming to and from the Eastward 
and allso the poor prisoners now Com from Port Royall and 
paying for two barr"^ of powder and twenty six Armes for 
the defence of the Islands at the begining of this warr. not- 
withstanding all which The Treasurer of this Province by 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 143 

his warr* hath sent to demand Twenty five pounds as a Levy- 
laid upon our Two poor Islands, which is a sum wee are alto- 
gether incapable of paying and if Insisted on will enforce us 
(as others have) to desert the Islands 

Your Peticoners therefore most humbly pray 
you will take the premisses into yo'" grave 
Consideration and discharge us of that Levie 
And yo' Peticoners as in duty bound shall 
ever pray &c. 



Letter Benj"' Larrabee to Secretary Josiah Willard 

Fort George Sept. l^"-^ 1735 
Honoured Sir 

I Depended upon Cap* Minot (when at Boston Last) to 
give in the names of two Indians to be Commissionated for 
this River but he tells me he forgot it, I Begg therefore 
( inasmuch as I have mentioned it the Indians and they have 
great Dependance upon the same ) your honor would Please 
to mention it to His Excellency the Governour that he may 
do what he thinks Proper in the affair - The two Indians 
names is Prosoway & Josap : two of the Likelyest Indians 
that I Can find belonging to the whole Ammerscogin Tribe 
to serve the Interest of the Government Pray Sir favour me 
with a Line or two by the first opportunity and you will 
oblige your most obedient humble Servent - 

Benj* Larrabee 



Taxes. 
These May Certifie That on the Sixth of October 1735 : 
there was a Tax voted to Levied on the Inhabitance of North 



144 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

yarmoiith of Eighty five pounds. And on the fourteenth of 
November in the Same year one other Tax of Ninety pounds : 
and on the fifteenth of april 1736 one Tax of two Hundred 
and ten pounds. And on the ninth of august 1736 one Tax 
of one Hundred & ten pounds. And on the twenty third of 
June 1737 one tax of four Hundred and fifty pounds. And 
on April the twenty fourth 1738 one Tax of three Hundred 
fifty pounds: And on the thirtieth of April 1739 one Tax of 
three pounds. And on the Twenty Ninth of August 1740 
one Tax of two Hu.ndred & fourty pounds. 

All which Appears By North yarmouth Town Reacord 
Attest Barnabas Seabury Town Clerk 



Report 

At a Great and General Court or Assembly of his 
Majesty's Province of the Massachusetts Bay in 
New England held Oct" 29 1718 
The Report of John Wheelwright Esq^ &c appointed by 
an Order of this Court pass'd at the Sessions begun and held 
the 28*^ of May last to be a Com*°^ for regulating the Settle- 
ment of Falmouth in Casco Bay is as follows, viz — 

Pursuant to a Vote of the great and general Assembly of 
his Majesty's Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New 
England held at Boston May 1715 impowering and appoint- 
ing the Subscribers to be a Committee to prosecute the Reg- 
ular Settlement of the Eastern Frontiers and in Answer to 
the Petition of the Proprietors and Setlers of the Town of 
Falmouth in Casco Bay in the Year 1717 and 1718, who 
have made Application to us the said Committee according 
to the Direction of the General Court We have upon the 
Sixteenth day of this present Month of Ju — taken a View 
of the said Town of Falmouth, and upon Mature Deliberation 



OF THE STATE OF MADTE 145 

and Consideration, We offer our Report to this Honourable 
Court as follows viz* The dividing Bounds between Scar- 
borough and Falmouth We find to be the Line from the first 
dividing Branches of Spurwink River, from thence to run 
into the Country Eight Miles Northwest, and from the said 
Branches as the River runs into the Sea, and the Easterly 
Bounds of Falmouth to extend to certain Islands known by 
Name of Capboard Islands, from a Red Oak Tree upon the 
Main over against said Islands marked F on the South Side, 
and so South East over a White Rock into the Sea, and from 
said Tree Eight Miles into the Countiy and according to the 
best of our Judgments We have determined the Spot whereon 
the ancient Town of Falmouth stood and a Fort was formerly 
built by Order of the Government and where there are 
already Setled above Twenty Families in a Compact defen- 
sible Manner to be a very agreeable Place for the Settlement 
of a Town being bordering upon a fine Navigable River 
guarded by the Sea by adjacent Islands most commodious for 
the Fishery and is accommodated witli several large Streams 
for Mills as well as a large Quantity of good Land for the 
Encouragement of Husbandry, and We are of Opinion there 
is a fair Prospect of its being in a little Time a flourishing 
Town, and in Order to the enabling them to a Methodical 
Proceeding in their Affairs, We are of Opinion that it is 
absolutely necessary that they be invested with Power to act 
as a Town as soon as may be with Conveniency. We have 
also left our Advice with them with Respect to the laying out 
their Streets and high Ways, as also for the placing their 
Meeting House after the most commodious Manner for the 
Benefit of the Town in general. 

Signed John Wheelwright, Abraham Preble, John Leigh- 
ton Lewis Bane Joseph Hill — 

In the House of Representatives Nov"^ 11. 1718 
Read and Ordered that the Report on the Other Side be 

10 



146 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

accepted, and that the Bounds of the Town of Falmouth be 
continued confirmed and ratified as in tlie said Report is set 
forth, and that the Inhabitants of the Said Town that now 
are and hereafter shall be from Time to Time invested with 
the same Powers and Authorities to act manage direct and 
Order the Affairs of the said Township as Other Towns are, 
Provided that this Order shall in no Measure Prejudice and 
infringe any Just Right or Title that any Person have to 
Lands there, and that Fifty Families at the least more than 
now are be admitted as soon as may be and Setled in the 
most compact & defensible Manner that the Land will allow 
of._ 

In Councill read and concurred 

Consented to Sam^^ Shute 
Copy Examined g J Willard Secy 
A True Copy from the Town Records Lib" 1' Fol" 3 & 4 

Att" Step" Longfellow Town Clerk to the Payment of the 
said Tax accordingly for the uses aforesaid only 

Sent up for Concurrence 

J. Quincy Spk"^ 

In Council Dec"^ 26, 1735 

Read & Concurred J Willard Sec'^ 

Consented to J Belcher 

A true Copy 

Examined g Shad Mason Dep* Sec''^ 

Falmouth. 

To His Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq. Captain 
General and Governour in Chief in and over His 
Majesty's Province of the Massachusetts Bay the 
Hono^'^ His Majesty's Council and the Hono''^® 
House of Representatives in General Court Assem- 
bled at Boston by Adjournment y*^ 19**^ Nov'^ A. D. 
1735 — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 147 

The Memorial of Moses Peirson Representative of the Town 
of Falmouth in County of York in their Behalf and by their 
Order, Humbly Sheweth, 

That the said Town altho' it be of considerable Extent yet 
it must be look't upon almost as an Infant Plantation, hav- 
ing suffered so long, and so heavily under the Calamities of 
the late destructive Indians Wars, tho' at present under the 
benign Influence of the happy Peace, which we pray God 
long to preserve, it must be acknowledged we are now 
increasing in Numbers and are much encouraged in bringing 
forward the Settlement of the Town whereby in Time We 
shall be better able to pay a greater Proportion to the Support 
of the Government, Since we can every Man sit quietly on 
his own Prossession, But your Memorialist humbly craves 
Leave to represent to Your Excellency & Honours that the 
Inhabitants labour under very extraordinary Charges in Sup- 
port of the Schools but more especially in the Maintenance 
of the mmistry, for tho' our Numbers are not at present so 
greatly swelled, Yet so it is that the Situation of our Habita- 
tions are such that all of us could with no Convenience 
attend the Publick Worship in one Meeting House, a consid- 
erable River running through almost the Midst of the settled 
Inhabitants Dwellings, and so we are become two Parishes, 
the Charge of which must necessarily be greater upon the 
Town than if the whole could attend the publick Worship in 
one House ; But one Thing which has born very hard on 
Many of the Inhabitants, is, that they have in Consequence 
of Grants and Purchases (which they thought good and 
indisputable ) Settled and fenced in and brought to consider- 
able Tracts of Land not doubtmg but they had lawfull Right 
thereto, but to their Misfortune it has since turned out, those 
Tracts have belonged to non resident Proprietors and ancient 
Claimers, So that those Inhabitants have been obliged to quit 
those Lands, which have been by their hard Labour much 



148 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

increased in Value to the Advantage of the before unknown 
Claimers and Proprietors, and have been obhged to begin 
ao-ain & Subdue other Parts of the uncultivated Lands in 
said Town ; Now forasmuch as the Inhabitants are desirous 
of having their Waste Lands Subjected to Duty, and the non 
resident Proprietors who receive greater Advantage by their 
said Jiabour are not held to any Duty for Payment of any 
Tax on said Town; Your Memorialist in Behalf of said 
Town humbly prays the wise paternal Consideration of Your 
Excellency & Honours that of your knowTi Goodness ( as in 
many of the like Cases has appeared) you would please to 
Subject all the Lands unimproved in said Town belonging 
either to the Resident or non resident Proprietors thereof to 
a Tax for the encouragement of the Inhabitants, the better 
to enable them to discharge their publick Dues, and to be 
supplied for the Support of the Ministry & School in said 
Town more especially. 

And your Memorialist, as in Duty bound shall ever pray 

Moses Pearson 
In the House of Represent^'^^ Dec^ 23 : 1Y35, 

Read, and in Answer to this Petition Ordered 
That all the unimproved Lands in the Town of Falmouth in 
the County of York belonging either to Residents or non res- 
ident Proprietors be and hereby are Subjected to a Tax of 
one Penny per Acre per Annum for the space of three years 
next coming to be applied to and for, the better to enable 
the said Town to support the Charge of the Ministry and 
School therem, and the Assessors of the said Tow^n, as well 
as the Constable or Collectors there for the Time being dur- 
ing the said Term are hereby respectively required to levy 
and assess the said Tax, and collect and pay in the same 
according to the said Assessors Warrants on the Lists to be 
given to the Constables or Collectors for the said Term for 
the Uses aforesaid, and the said Lands are Subjected to the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 149 

Payment of the said Tax accordingly for the uses aforesaid 
only. 

Sent up for Concurrence J. Quincy Spk'^ 

In Council Dec^ 26, 1735 

Read & Concurred J. Willard Secy 

Consented to J. Belcher 



A true Copy 



Examined g Thad. Mason Dept Sec^ 



Deposition July 2^ 1736 

John Phillips of Charlestown in the County of Middlesex 
Mariner, Aged Sixty three Years, Testifieth and Saith, That 
in tlie Month of May Anno Domini: 1694: He was at Pem- 
aquid, in the Eastern parts of New England, when S' 
William Phipps Gov' of the Province of y^ Massachusetts 
Bay, Made a purchase of Madocawando, of Lands lying at or 
near S* Georges River in the Eastern parts : And this 
Deponant bemg a Witness with Cap* David Mason. M' 
John White, and Sundry other English Gentlemen, and some 
Indian Chiefs, to the said Madocawandos Executing the said 
Deed ; which Deed I this Deponant have this day seen in the 
hands of M'' Samuel Waldo of Boston, Gentleman ; And Do 
perticularly remember the Executing thereof, as well by the 
said Madocawando, as by the severall Witnesses ; And I Do 
also declare, That I for many years, had a personall knowl- 
edge, of the s*^ Madocawando And he was dureing my 
knowledge of him, The Saggamore or Chief Sachem, of the 
Penobscotts Tribe : And I do also further declare, that there 
was near about the Number of One Hundred Indians, cheifly 
of the Tribe of Penobscott present when Madocawando, 
Executed said Deed, And were all well sattisfied therewith : 



150 DOCUSIENTARY HISTORY 

And I do also Declare that I was present wlien the afore 
mentioned S' W™ Phipps, p*^ s"^ Madocawando a Quanty of 
Silver money, in peices of Eight, which I understood to be 
the Consideration purchas„ of the Premisses ; and at y*" 
Acknowledgment thereof before my Father late Deceased, 
and Cap*^ Sylvanus Davis, and 1 was with S'^ W"' Phipps, att 
the building the Fort att Pemaquid. And at Makemg the 
Peace In the Year Anno Dommi. 1693. I Often Saw Said 
Madocawando, afterwards. So that I had a full knowledge of 
his Person and Sachemship amongst the Indians of Pen- 
obscott, of whom he was the Cheif Saggamore or Sachem 

John Phillips 
Middlesex Set Charlestown July y« 2^ 1736. 

The abovenamed John Phillips personally appeared before 
me, the Subscriber, And made Solem Oath, that the above 
and before written Deposition, was Just & true 

Tho^ Jenner Ju* of Peace 



Cyprian Southack of Boston in the County of Suffolk 
Marriner Aged 76 years, late Commander of the Province 
Galley declareth and Saith that he well knew the Chiefs of 
the Several Tribes of Eastern Indians, and was particularly 
acquainted with the Person of Madockawando who Avas Sag- 
gamore or Chief of the Penobscott Tribe, from whom he has 
twice when he was in the Employ of the Province Ransom'd 
Captives, and he also declares that the said Madocawando 
was in the year 1692 and for a considerable many Years after 
the Saggamore or Chief Sachem of that Tribe & that there 
was no other Chief that he know or heard of in that Tribe 
till after the Death of Madocawando which was in the Year 
1698 & was Succeeded in the Saggamoreship by Wenoggonett, 
& he also declareth and Saith that he was w^th Madocawando 



OF THE STATE OF IMAINE 151 

when a present of Ten barrels of Gunpowder a quantity of 
Fire Arms and some Cloths were delivered him by Gov'' 
Villebone which was a present sent him the a^ Madocawando 
( as this declarant was Credibly informed ) by the King of 
France & he doth also declare that Mons"" Castain marryed 
the said Madocawandos Daughter And he does also further 
declare that after the Conclusion of the Peace by S'' William 
Phipps Gov"" of this Province in 1693 he heard and well 
knew that the said Gov'' Phipps purchased of said Madoca- 
wando a large Tract of Land which the said Madocawando 
was allowed by his Tribe ( & all Others who he was heard 
mention the same ) to be the Rightfull Owner of, lying at or 
near S' Georges River & he never heard that the said S' 
William Phipp's right to said purchased Lands was disputed 
but on the Contrary that it was a good right, 

Cyprian Southack 
Suffolk ss Boston July ^'^ 1736 

Capt'' Cyprian Southack Appeared & made Oath to y^ truth 
of y*^ above Declaration by him Subscribed 

Coram H : Hall Just : Pacis 



Answer to the CompP of the Penobscot Indians July 1736. 

The Answer of Samuel Waldo of Boston Merchant to 
the Complaint of the Delegates of the Penobscott 
Tribe of Indians exhibited against him in a Letter to 
His Excellency bearing date the 10*^ Aprill 1736, & 
att His Excellencys Conference thereupon before The 
Hon^^® His Majesties Council & House of Representa- 
tives in pursuance of an order of both the said Houses 
made the 2b^^ of June 1736 
This Respond* saith that pursuant to a Covenant made 
between him & divers others of His Majesties Subjects 



152 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

Inhabitants of this Province who are interested with him in a 
Tract of Land lying in the Eastern parts of it called Mus- 
congus he has begun a Settlement of Two Towns upon S^ 
Georges River and ( as is set forth in the Indian Complaint ) 
laid out man}' Lotts of Land, finished some houses, & built 
a Saw Mill there for that purpose, which he conceives he has 
good right to do, having as he apprehends together with his 
aforesaid Companions an undoubted Title to the Projjerty of 
the soil upon which the said settlements are begun by grant 
from the Crown, purchase from the Natives, & a Possession 
thereof for more than one hundred Years attended with a 
great Expense in the Improvement & settlement of it in time 
of Peace & Defence of it in severall Indian Warrs since the 
first grant & purchase thereof, all which the Respond* is 
ready to prove to the Sattisfaction of His Excell^ & the two 
Hon''^® Houses, but thinks it needless to set forth the partic- 
ulars of it here, the Province haveing so lately by their Agent 
joyned with the Respond* & others interested in the Lands in 
question in asserting their abovementioned Title to the same 
upon their Petition to be relieved against the Interruption 
given them in their Settlements there, by the Hon^^" David 
Dunbar Esq'' who had taken Possession thereof in behalf of 
the Crown upon which Petition & a strict scrutiny into the 
facts and Allegations therein contain'd before the present 
Lord Chief Justice of England then his Majesties Attorney 
Generall, and the Lord High Chancellour of Great Brittain 
then SoUicitor Generall, and also before the R* Hon''^® the 
Lords Comisioners for Trade & the Plantations, His Majesty 
in Councill was pleased to receed from the pretentions sett 
up in behalf of the Crown to those Lands, & to Confirm the 
Title of the Petitioners to the same. 

That upon this Success of the Pet" & the Province before 
His Majesty in Councill & upon the Issueing of their Majes- 
ties order in Councill then Regent of the Kingdom & His 



OF THE STATE OF MAIKE 153 

Majesties Lieu* within the same Col° Dunbar quitted the 
Possession of the Lands in question & the Improvements & 
Settlements which he had begun there in behalf of the Crown, 
& His Excell^ was pleased with the advice of the Hon^^® His 
Majesties Councill to Issue a Proclamation dated the 16*^ day 
of February 1732 giving notice of the said Roy all Order to 
all persons concerned, that so they might reap the fruit & 
benefitt thereof, & that such persons as had a lawfuU Claim 
to any of the said Lands might be assured of the Protection 
of the Laws of this Province for the maintaining their just 
rights & properties, & be encouraged to proceed in settling & 
improving the same so that the Title of the Respond* & his 
Companions in the Lands in question is founded upon a 
grant from the Crown from the Natives a long Possession & 
Improvem* of them in time of peace, & defence of them in 
tune of War, & has the Sanction of a Judgment or Sentence 
of the Highest Court of Judicature in His Majesties Domin- 
ions ; & the publick faith of the Government of this Province 
engaged for their maintenance & protection in their Settle- 
ments & Improvements of it : Upon the Security of all which 
the Respond* after a great Expence of time & money in 
England in Defence of this Title against the Crown, & of 
the Jurisdiction of the Province over the Lands, has agreed 
with 163 Familys to make a Settlement of two Towns there 
att a considerable further expence, & many of the Settlers 
have ventured themselves & their Familys not doubting of 
the same protection of the Governm* in their just rights & 
possessions against the menaces & violence of the Indians or 
any other Enemy as the rest of His Majesties subjects in this 
Province & all other his Majesties Dominions enjoy 

That Confineing the Proprietors Settlements within the 
bounds prescribed by the Indian Delegates would leave them 
weak & defenceless unable to defend themselves in time of 
War, and exposed to insults att the pleasure of y^ Indians. 



154 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

That as to their pretences that Madokawando from whom 
gr -^ym j>hipps then Gov' purchased these Lands, was not a 
Saggamore of the Penobscott Tribe & so had no right to 
grant the same The Respond' answers that the purchase 
Deed is signed by him as such, & attested by many of the 
Chiefs of the Indians at that time, that the Records of the 
Province mention him as such, & the Deed was allowed of 
by the Indians as valid in 1726 in their treaty with the 
Government, who then insisted upon it ; & no other Indian 
Saggamore is pretended to have been the Chief of the Pen- 
obscott Tribe at tlie Time of that Grant, so that the Deed 
has all possible proof of its validity, but even exclusive of 
that Deed, the length of Possession Improvement of the 
Land in time of Peace, & Defence of it in time of War under 
the Grant from the Crown would afford the Respond' & his 
Companions as good a Title to this Land as any other of His 
Majesties Subjects in this Province can pretend to have to 
any other possessions : Not to mention that the Conquest of 
it in time of War by General Nicholson with her late 
Majestic Queen Ann's forces in Conjunction with those of 
this Province, would of it self be a good title against the 
Indians, if the Proprietors had not otherwise a good one by 
Grant from the Crown possession & purchase from the 
Natives 

That the Respond' for the sake of preserving peace & 
good amity with the Indians has proceeded with the utmost 
Caution by treating with them concerning the Settlement of 
his two Intended Towns to which he obtained their Consent 
upon a deliberate Consultation had among all of the Chiefs 
of those which were delegated by their Tribe a great number 
of whom were also present to treat with him for that purpose 
& the Respond' has not exceeded the Limitts agreed on 
between them, w*''' he is now ready to prove by three unex- 
ceptionable Witnesses, And whether their present Complaint 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 165 

is merely the result of their own Councill, or they have been 
prompted to make it by French on English, w*''' in a most 
uncommon manner is mentioned in their aforesaid Letter — 
Respond* won't pretend to say but lett it proceed from what 
motive it vA'ill, He Conceives it is no just Reason for the 
Governm* to interpose to stop the Settlement of these Lands 
to the Ruin of the Familys already settled upon 'em, & the 
Destruction of the Proprietors estate there ; Small would 
have been the extent of the Settlem*^ in this Province if the 
Government had been actuated by such a spirit as that upon 
the meer Caprice or threats of the Indians to destroy their 
Settlements they would not have proceeded in them, nor 
upon this principle will the Bounds of their Settlements be 
ever enlarged. 

Your Respond* therefore in behalf of himself & the other 
proprietors of these Lands & of the Familys already begun 
to be settled there prays that they may be protected & main- 
tained in their just rights & possession, & Settlements upon 
the same, and that the Compl** ag^' them may be dismissed 
in such a manner as will give the Indian Delegates an assur- 
ance of it, & that the Indians may not be encouraged to 
annoy 'em &; Committ hostilities upon a Prospect of the 
Governments abandoning these Settlements to their Humour 
& Outrage. 

It may not be amiss to remind this Hon^^® Court that att 
their Session August 1722 on breaking out of a War with 
the Indians upon the offer & tender of John Leverett Esq' 
late Dec*^ m behalf of himself & Associates Prop" of these 
Lands, the Govemm* accepted of a Blockhouse built by the 
Prop" for a Garrison which is improved accordingly to this 
day, All which is humbly Submitted by Y'^ Obed* Serv* 

S. Waldo 



156 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petition. 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay ss 

To his Excell'^y Jonathan Belcher Esq' Cap* Gen- 
eral & Gov"" in Chief & to the Hon^^^ his Majesty's 
Councill and House of Representatives in General 
Court Assembled at Boston the 5*^ day of July 
1736 — 
Humbly Sheweth Samuel Waldo of Boston Merch* that by 
an order of the Hon^^*^ Council and House of Representatives 
bearing date the 25^^ day of June last Edmund Quincy 
Thomas Berry Ebenezer Pomroy John Stoddard, John Chan- 
dler John Gushing and Francis Fulham Esq'"^ were appointed 
a Committee of both Houses to inquire into the Complaints 
of certain Indian Deligates of the Penobscutt Tribe exhibited 
to his Excell^ ag* your Pef in a Letter bearing date the tenth 
day of April last concerning ¥"■ Pet^^ carrying on a Settle- 
ment of two Towns on S* Georges River, and to hear Yo'' 
Pet' and the Indians thereupon & report what Answer may 
be proper for both Houses to advise his Excell^ to give the 
Indians upon their said Complaint, 

That y' Pet' and the Indians have attended the Hon^^^ 
Committee and been heard by them upon Sundry Articles 
and the Committee was thereupon pleased to report that it 
would be proper to advise his Excell^ to Assure the Penob- 
scott Tribe that this Government will not incourage nor 
Countenance Your Pet' or any Others Settling or Improving 
any Land on George's River above the falls or flowing of the 
Water untill this Goverm* Shall be Satisfy'd that those 
Lands liave been fairly purchas'd of such Indians as were the 
riglitful Owners thereof, and the said Report hath been 
accepted by both Houses as by the said Order and Report 
( Relation being thereunto had ) may fully Appear. 

That y' Pet' is now furnished with Evidence sufficient, to 
prove to the Satisfaction of this Hon^^^ Court that S' William 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 167 

Phipps late Gov' of this Province under whom y' Pef^ claims 
title to the Lands in Question ( as well as under a Grant 
from the Crown) fairly purchas'd those Lands in 1694 of 
Madocowando Sachem of the Penobscott Tribe who was the 
Rightfull Owner and had good Title to Grant and dispose of 
the same ; part of which Evidence y" Pet' had not an Oppor- 
tunity of laying before the Hon^^^ Committee & therefore 
begs leave Pursuant to their afores"^ Report to lay his Entire 
Evidence before this Hon^^^ Court not doubting but y'= the 
same will fully Satisfy this Government, that the Lands above 
the falls, where y"" Pet' is now carrying on part of his Set- 
tlem* were fairly purchased of the Rightfull Indian Owners.- 

And in order to Satisfye your Excellency and Honours of 
this y' Pet' will prove I'' That S' William Phipps fairly pur- 
chasrd the Land in Question of Madocowando who Granted 
and Conveyed the same to him by a good and Sufficient Deed 
in the Law: 2^^ That at the time of making the Grant 
Madocowando was the undoubted Sachem of the Penobscott 
Tribe of Indians & consequently had good Power according 
to the Constant and general Custom or Law us'd among the 
Indians to Grant & dispose of Land belonging to the Penob- 
scott Tribe, who now pretend to dispute y' Pet" title to the 
Same — 

To prove the first point y' Pet' will produce the purchase 
Deed it self, w*'^ was Sign.d Sealed & Deliver'd by Madoco- 
wando in the presence of above an hundred Indians & many 
English Gentlemen of Principal Note, & duely attested by 
two Indian Sagamores, a Cousin of Madocowandos & the 
Indian & English Interpreters & four English Gentlemen all 
'^ch tiave Set their Marks or Subscribed their Names as Wit- 
nesses to the same ; was afterwards duely Acknowledged 
before two Members of his late Majesty King William's 
Hon'''® Councill for this Province, & afterwards recorded 
with the records for Deeds in the County of York by the 



158 DOCUMENT ARY HISTORY 

proper Officer & since enter'd in the Register made by the 
Committee of Claims appointed in the Year 1713 and to 
prove that the said Grant was made for a Valuable Consider- 
ation y'' Pet' will produce the Deposition of John Phillips 
who was present at & one of the Subscribing Witnesses to 
the Execu" of the said Deed, who saw S'" William Phipps 
pay Madocowando a considerable Quantity of Silver money 
in pieces of Eight, as the Consideration of the purchase Deed ; 
& also of Cap* Cyprian Southack late Commander of the 
Province Galley confirming the same, both which Witnesses 
are Still livmg & ready to be examin'd ore tenus by your 
Excell^ & Honours so that the Deed is as valid as apt Words 
for Conveying of the Lands, all requisite Solemnities in the 
Execution of it, & a Valuable Consideration bona fide paid 
can make it, 

As to the second Point Viz* that Madocowando was at the 
time of making this Deed, & for Several Years after the Chief 
Sachem of the Penobscott Tribe & Consequently ( according 
to the Custom of the Indians ) had good Right and Power to 
Grant & convey the same — 

1^* Yo' Pef begs leave to refer himself, to the two above- 
mentioned Depositions of John Phillips & Cyprian Southack 
who were both well acquainted with Madocowando for Sev- 
eral Years & certainly knew him to be the undoubted chief 
Sachem of the Penobscott Tribe to the time of his Death & 
particularly acknowledg'd as such at the same of the Execu- 
tion of this Deed, by above 100 Indians then present, who 
were chiefly of the Penobscott Tribe, declared their Satisfac- 
tion in his making the afores*^ Grant, in w°'^ Cap* Southack 
is so particular as to Remember the exact time of his Decease 
& who was his Successor in the Sachemship of the Penobscott 
Tribe, both which Witnesses are of unexceptionable Credit, & 
from their Respective Circumstances must be very conversant 
with Indians perfectly knowing of the facts w'^'^ they Testify — 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 159 

2'y It is not to be imagined that S' William Pliipps who as 
Gov' of this Province at the time of his purchase, & was well 
acquainted with the State of the Several Indian Tribes in 
these Parts did not know who was the true Acknowledged 
Sachem of the Penobscott Tribe or that he would be unposed 
upon in Matters which must be Notorious to all Persons who 
knew any thing of the Tribe at a time when he paid Madoco- 
wando a Considerable quantity of money for his purchase 
especially when he had made a Treaty of peace with the said 
Medocowando about 6 Months before or that the Penobscott 
Indians present, who were consenting to the Grant of Land 
belonging to their own Tribe should not know who was their 
true Sachem, or the Indian Sagamores & Madocowando's 
Cousin who attested the Execution of the Deed, by him as Pen- 
obscott Sachem, Should be ignorant who was the Sachem of 
that Tribe, or that there should be a general Confederacy 
among all those Indians to impose upon S"" William Phipps, 
& S"" William & all the English so extreamly weak as to be 
so grosly cheated in a point w*'*' must be Notorious to all the 
Country at that time Viz* who was the Chief Sachem of the 
Penobscott Tribe. 

3^y This Government has acknowledged the Validity of 
it, also in other Instances viz* In the year 1722 Upon the 
Memorial of John Leverett Esq'' & his Associates as proprie- 
tors of the Lands in Question ( under whom y® Pef claims ) 
making the Government an offer of their blockhouses built 
there for the defence of those Lands the General Court 
accepted the same & voted a Garrison of 25 Men w*^'^ under 
the Command of an Officer in Lieuten*^ pay to be kept there 
at the Expense of the Province for the Defence of those 
Lands, which was Accordingly done : 2^^ by the Commis- 
sioners on the Part of the Province in their Conference 
between them &; Delagates of the Penobscott Tribe in the 
Year 1725 insisting upon the afores*^ Title of the English to 



160 DOCUMENTABY HISTORY 

those lands viz* that they had purchased the same for some 
blankets & silver money, & the Indian Delegates declaring 
their Satisfaction therein & that their Ancestors had sold the 
same : w*^*^ now appears among the Provmce records 3^^ By 
the Committee of the General Court in their Treaty at Fal- 
mouth with the Indians producing this Deed to them & 
insisting uj^on the Validity of it, w*^*» appears to be recorded 
upon the back of it, by the Clerk of the Committee, 4^^ by 
their joining with y"^ Pef & others interested in these Lands 
in 1730 m a Petition to the King in Councill wherein the 
Pef^ claim the Land in Question, among other things under 
the said Deed against the Hon^^® Col° Dunbar who had begun 
to settle those Lands in behalf of the Crown, Claiming the 
same by right of Conquest, m the french Warr under General 
Nicholson ( as manifestly appears by the Report of the Attor- 
ney & Solicitor General, to whom the Consideration of y* 
Petition was referr.d ) which vrholly destroys all pretensions 
of the Indians Title to those Lands 5'''^^ By the Proclama- 
tion issued out in February 1732 among other things 
declaring that the order of her Majesty in Councill for Con- 
firming the Pef^ title to those Lands was partly obtained by 
the Application of the Province's Agent, & promising the 
Protection of the Govern* to Such Persons as Should settle 
there upon that Title 

And lastly by Several recommendations of the Settlem'^ 
of these Lands from his Excell^ to the House of Representa- 
tives & answers from them encouraging the same as may 
appear by the Journals of the Court. 

Yo"^ Pef^ also Relies upon the Validity of his Title to the 
Lands in Question from the Confirmation of it by the Order 
of her Majesty in Councill, w*'^ order has the Effect of a 
Judgment, & as the same was given in the Highest Court of 
Judicature in the King's Dominions ought not to be con- 
trouled or broke in upon by an order of any Subordinate 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 161 

Government Especially since the Crown quitted its own 
Possession & undoubted Title to these Lands founded upon 
the Right of Conquest, upon the Suppos'd Validity ( among 
other things ) of the Pet""* Indian Title to 'em, prior to that 
of the Crowns which was strictly inquired into & determined — 

That y'" Pet' humbly Conceives even upon the face of the 
Report of the Committee he is Entitled to the Protection of 
this Government to the Enjoyment of his Estate & property 
in the Lands in Question if he can make out his title to it 
mider an Indian Deed Wherefore as upon the whole of his 
Evidence it plainly Appears that these Lands were fairly 
purchas.d of Such Indians as were the Rightfull Owners of 
em he prays that he may have the protection which all his 
Majesty's Subjects are entitled to have in every one of his 
Provinces & Colonies ; especially since the Indians have once 
by their own Confession actually consented to his Settlement 
of 'em ; but say they now Repent of it, without alledging the 
least reason for it. 

And Y' Pet' shall ever Pray &c : 

S' Waldo 

In Council July 5, 1736, Read and the Matter of this 
Memorial or Petition having already been taken under Con- 
sideration by a Committee of both Houses, before whom, as 
well the Petitioner, as the Penobscut Delegates were fully 
heard and all such Deeds Records and Evidences read as were 
produced by the Petitioner ; and upon the whole a Report 
was made by the said Committee and accepted by the Coun- 
cil and House of Representatives and therein they humbly 
propose such advice as they think proper to offer to his 
Excellency referring to M' Waldo's Settlements on S* 
Georges River, As to the two Evidences of Mess" Southack 
and Phillips, which the Petitioner says were not produced 
before the Committee, the Board do not apprehend the 
Matter therein contain'd to be of that weight as to alter their 

11 



162 DOCUIVIENTARY HISTORY 

Opinion of the said Report or induce tliem to reconsider it 
And therefore Ordered that this Petition be dismissed. 
Sent down for Concurrence 

Simon Frost Dep* Sec'^ 
In the House of Representatives July 5*^ 1736 
Read & Concur'd 

J. Quincy Sp^^ 



Petition. 

To his Excell^ Jonathan Belcher Esq"" Cap* General 
& Gov"" m Chief of the Province of the Massa- 
chusetts Bay & the Hon^^^ his Maj*^^ Councill & 
House of Representatives in General Court Assem- 
bled at Boston the 6*^^ day of July 1736— 
Humbly Sheweth Samuel Waldo of Boston Merch* that he 
is necessitated Once more to apply to your Excell^ & Hon- 
ours for that his Petition ( of Yesterdays date ) as he humbly 
conceives was not rightly understood, he meaning thereby 
agreeable to the Report of the Hon^^^ Com*^® to make it man- 
ifest that Madocowando was the allowed Sachem of that 
Country, & hpid power to sell & dispose of those Lands as 
other Sachems from time to time did of theirs, and inasmuch 
as your Pef^ has been at great cost & charge to defend the 
Title when called in question by the Crown after many 
Solemn hearings a Com*®'^ of the Lords of Councill upon con- 
sidering his Petition were of Opinion that neither This Pef 
his Tenants or agents ought to be disturbed m their Posses- 
sion, or Literrupted in carrying on the Settlements of the 
said Lands, & therefore proposed to His Majesty that CoP 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 163 

David Dunbar should be ordered to quit tbe Possession of 
all of the said Lands, w'='* Her Majesty their Guardian of the 
Kingdom with the advice of His Majesty's Privy Councill 
approved of & order'd the said Dunbar to quit the Possession 
accordingly this done at the Court at Kensington the 10^** 
of August 1732; he therefore prays that he may have 
Opportunity to be heard in order to Remove all obstructions 
touching his bringing forward the Settlements, which he was 
encouraged to Undertake having Obtained the aforesaid 
order from the Crown, which he humbly presumed would 
allways safeguard him in his lawfull pursuit thereof, & being 
also prompted thereto by Repeated Messages from His 
Excelly to the Court ; the Votes of the Assembly in answer 
thereto. He Humbly hopes he shall not be forbid by an order 
from Your Excell^ & Honours to pursue the good & gracious 
intent of the Crown to have these Lands well Settled, which 
will render them vastly Serviceable to Great Britain by rais- 
ing Quantitys of Naval Stores & be very beneficial to this 
Country also — 

Your Pet' also Prays that as Cap' John Gyles tlie Com- 
manding Officer at S* Georges Fort is now here, an Inter- 
preter to the Indians he may be cited to make Solemn Oath 
before this Court of what he knows Respecting the Dec^ 
Madocawando, & my Proceedings with the Penobscott Tribe 
& this Your Pef is the more Sollicitous for, inasmuch as he 
was many Years a Captive in that Tribe, & was with Cap* 
Cyprian Southack in his Voyages amongst them ; And was 
also with & Interpreted for your Pet' in his Agreement of 
Settlement with said Indians, & as the said Interpreter Cap* 
Gyles, & the Indians are now here, & their Dwellings from 
hence very remote, he prays this Opportunity may be 
embraced for determining the matter in Controversy, which 
may Otherwise retard your Pef making agood or Regular 
Settlement So that the Intent of the Crown will be defeated, 



164 DOCTJMENTARr HISTORY 

Yo'' Pet" great Labour & Expence lost & His Majes*^'' good 
Subjects Settling there lyable to great Inconveniencys 
And Your Pef^ shall ever Pray &c 

S^ Waldo 
In Council July 6 1736 
Read 



Petition, July 26 1736. 

To his Excellent Jonathan Belcher Esq' Captain 
General & Commander in Chief in and Over his 
Majestys Province of the Massachusetts Bay in 
New England 
The Petition of Samuel Waldo of Boston Merch* Humbly 
sheweth 

That the Eternal Law of Self preservation makes it the 
Indispensible Duty of every one ; who hath acquired the 
Just & Lawfull possession & Property to an Estate to use 
all proper Ways and Methods to keep the same, and whenever 
under an Apprehension of being dispossesed or Interrupted 
in improving it as he thinks fit, not prejudicing his Neighbour 
by his so doing, to do all that in him lyes in a fair & Open 
way to prevent the Same : — When therefore your Petitioner 
Considers the Present posture & Situation of his Affairs 
touching the Settlements he is under Obligation to Compleat 
& finish in a short Space of time at S* Georges River, And the 
Resolution the General Court Came into touching your Peti- 
tioners proceedmg to Settle that Country, It strictly forbids 
his being Silent, but calls aloud upon your Petitioner once 
more to make his Application to your Excell^ that you 
would be pleased to direct that the Penobscott Indians by 
their Delegates be notified to appear before the General Court 
at their next sittmg if they think fit, that your Pef may then 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 165 

have a fair Opportunity, & not delayed by reason of their 
Absence to Satisfie that Great & Hon'^'® Court that the Lands 
on both sides S* Georges were long Since purchased of the 
Rightfull Owners by those whom Your Pef now holds Under 
And notwithstanding his Petition to your Excell^ of the 12'''^ 
ins* of the same purport being Considered by his Majes*^ 
Councill on Friday the 23'^ Curr* they were of advice to 
your Excell^ not to grant the Prayer of the Pef ; Yet when 
jour Pet'" takes a View of the Several Steps heretofore taken 
by the Great & General Court when under y^ Administration 
of the late S'' William Phipps Knight Cap* General and Com- 
mander in Chief, the Hon*''^'' Wilham Stoughton Esq"" Earle 
Bellemot, & William Stoughton Esq"" again, the Hon^ 
Joseph Dudley Esq'' the Hon^'® Samuel Shute Esq' and 
his Majestys late Gov"" Burnet, & in the several treaty s 
of Peace and Submission made by the Eastern Indians, 
and the Penobscott Tribe in particular ; The Lands which 
are now Settling by your Pef were Included among 
other Tracts to be belonging to the English: In a 
more especial Manner Anno 1725, upon Signing the 
Articles of Pacification with the Eastern Indians the General 
Court appointed a Committee of both Houses to Search into 
the purchases made of the Indians, that every thing relating 
to the Titles and Claims might be reduced to a Certainty 
that no future disputes concerning the English Titles 
Possessions & Improvements should arrise who then shew'd 
Madocowando Chief Sachem of the Penobscot Tribe his Deed 
to S'' William Phipps Kn* for those Lands on S* Georges 
River, 

The Indians who before pretended a Right to those Lands 
after a full debate thereon receeded from their Claim, Lieu* 
Gov'' Dummer Once and again telling them, tliese Lands 
belonged to King Georges Subjects, who had purchased them 
& therefore could not be disposses*^ or forbid improving them ; 



166 DOCTJMENTABY HISTORY 

after which the Delegates from Penobscott expressed their 
Gladness that Madocowando's Deed was shewn them & 
promised at their Return to acquaint their Tribe therewith 
And at the Ratification of that Treaty at Falmouth in Casco 
Bay the year following when was present the late Lieu* Gov- 
ern' Duiner then Com'' in Chief with a quorum of his Majestys 
Councill & a Considerable Number of the Hon^ House of 
Representatives : The Indian Delagates from Penobscott & 
Several other Tribes & a great Number of Indians being con- 
vented there, at the afores*^ Ratification they Confirm'd what 
their former Delegates did Respecting those Lands and freely 
consented his Majestys Subjects Should hold Possess and Enjoy 
their former Possessions & Improvements of the Lands at 
which time it was well known to them that about five Years 
before your Pet"^ & Partners had built a Strong house which 
is now Standing & improved by the Goverm* in carrying on 
the Truck and erected near thirty frames for houses all which 
they Anno 1722 in a hostile Manner intended to Waste & 
destroy by fire, but were defeated & beat off by those 
employ'd under your Pet' & Partners ; When Your Pet' 
looks back, & sees the vast Cost & Charge he & his Partners 
Expended in Settling that Country from 1719 to 1722 till 
the breaking out of the last Indian War, is all lost and Sunk, 
The Steadiness & Resolution of the Company m carrymg on 
the afores*^ Settlements till Interrupted by some direction 
from the Crown, to the Hon^^® David Dunbar ; and then the 
Gent" Shew*^ their Sincere design to Settle the Lands by 
agreeing with y' Pet' on certain Conditions to take a Voyage 
for Great Britain to remove those obstructions ; which after 
an Expensive Application to his Majesty was. by Your Pet' 
happily Obtain'd, that soon after Her Majestys Royall order 
came to your Excell^^ hands ordering Col° Dunbar to quit 
those Lands, Your Excell^ Issu'd out a Proclamation with the 
advice of his Majestys Councill Notifieing the Inhabitants of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 167 

this Province therewith, that as those that had a Right to 
these Lands might reap the fruit & benefit of that Royall 
order — that such Persons as had a lawf ull Claim to any of 
the said Lands and had been unjustly disturbed in the Pos- 
session & Improvement of them might be assur'd of the 
Protection of the Laws of this Province for maintaining their 
just rights and property and be Incouraged to proceed in 
Settling and Improving the same : And on the 4*^ of April 
following you gave the Court to understand that Col° Dun- 
bar was Removing from the Lands of the Province in and 
about Pemaquid in Conformity to his Majesty s Royall orders 
and that Since there was something done towards the 
Rebuilding of that Fort, You hoped they would make the 
necessary Provisions for rendering it Strong & defensible, for 
the Kings Honour And for the Safety of that part of the 
Frontiers : Adding that doubtless that was the best respect 
& duty the Court could express to his Majesty in return to 
his ready Goodness & Justice Shewn the Court in Answer to 
their Earnest SoUicitations, for Removing the s*^ Col° Dunbar, 
& for his Majestys declaring at the same time his Royal 
Pleasure, & every particular Proprietor of the Lands before 
Mention'd Should quietly enjoy their Just & Lawfull Rights. 
On the fifteenth of Aug* 1733 in your ExceRy^ Speech to 
the Hon^^^ Councill & House of Representatives you desire 
them to look back on their repeated Obhgations to his 
Majesty respecting the Country in and about PemaquicI, & to 
Consider their great Obligations of Duty, & Gratitude, to the 
King, for his Goodness in hearing and Granting their 
Request ; and then you hope they would no longer let that 
Fort & Country continue desolate & Neglected as at that day 
but that they would do what might, be reasonably Expected 
for the Honour of the Kings Govern* in the Protection and 
Encouragem* of the Settlements there to which the Assembly 
Reply & say, they Readily & Joyfully Acknowledge his 



168 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Majesty's great Justice & Goodness in Confirming the Juris- 
diction of this Province over those Eastern Lands, & shall 
treat the People on them with the same Care & Justice as 
other his Majest5^s good subjects in the Rest of the Province — 
At a Session of the General Court Nov' 2'i 1732 Your 
Exc^ Acquaints the two Houses you had made a Tour into 
the Eastern Country & after the fullest and most particular 
View in Travelling by Land & Water, into th'e River's of 
S* George Kennebeck & Saco you Say of S*^ George thus ; 
within a few Leagues of that Fort may ride the whole 
British Navy & there are good Bays for Settling Towns & 
making them defensible & Your Exc^ could not but think 
that Country would in time be equal in every thing to any 
part of New England & therefore well worthy of all the Sup- 
port & Assistance this Government could possibly give for 
bringing forward the Settlement thereof & to that end as 
well as for the more Extensive good of the Province, You 
thought it a point of Wisdom, to encourage Good Protestants 
of all Nations, & Denominations, to come & dwell among us ; 
from whom they might gain the knowledge of a better Culti- 
vation of the Lands & of many Manufactures they were then 
Strangers to. The House replyed to the Article touching 
the Lands that they were not Sensible wherein they had 
Shewn any backwardness to promote the Cultivation of the 
Lands, but Should be willing & ready at all times in Con- 
junction with your ExceRy to be active in that Laudable 
Article. If what has been observed may have its due weight 
& Consideration who would not esteem the Title Your Pet"^ 
Stands & Rests upon was not sure & Immoveable : — The 
Great Sums of money Yo' Pef^ expended since Col° Dunbar* 
quitting that Country & what further must necessarily be 
added to compleat two Towns in a defensible manner, but 
which when perfected will be of Service even to great Britain, 
that Country being adapted to furnish Naval Stores & may 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 169 

be the occasion of Preserving a Nursery for Valuable white 
pines, and. the Trade & business of this Province much eased 
by a Safe Recource into those parts. Yo' Pet"" expects a great 
number of Irish Protes*^ to arrive in these parts in a Month 
or Two having Engaged three ships for that purpose whose 
Passengers your Pef^ has Contracted with to Settle on the 
Lands there. These Motives with others too many to trouble 
your Excelly with, Engage me without any further Delay of 
mine, now to make this my repeated application to your 
Excelly being inform.d your Excell^ intends the General 
Court shall meet at the time they stand prorogued to, That 
some from the Penobscott Tribe may be Seasonably Notified 
to attend the Great & General Court & that your Excell^ 
would be further Pleased to direct the attendance of two able 
Interpreters that every thing m^ay be rightly understood & 
put in a true fair and impartial light assuring your Excell^ 
that if the Indians may attend, y^ Pef will take Effectual 
care Seasonably to dispatch y"" Excell^^ orders for that pur- 
pose, and at your Pef'^ own cost, & Charge, Answer and 
defrey the Charge in bringing them here. Supporting them 
while attending the General Court, & Returning them to their 
Homes, of this my offer I beg leave to acquaint your Excell^ , 
being Inform.d that some of His Majestys Council, did acco* 
it a charge not proper for the Govern' to sustain & therefore 
possibly not of advice that they Should attend ; I hope & 
firmly believe if this my Petition may be granted which ^vith 
all possible deference to your Excell^ I esteem will be 
Consistent with Justice, It will perpetuate a good under- 
standing between the Indians resorting to those parts and 
your Petitioner & those he shall from time to time send down 
there, which he shall ever Strenously endeavour after, And 
that Country soon brought into a flourishing Condition & 
many of his Majestys Loyall Subjects Set down & in great 



170 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

peace and Quietness Improve the same which must needs 
rejoice the Hearts of all well wishers to New England 

And Yo"" Pef shall ever Pray &c 

S^ Waldo 
Boston July 26'^ 1736 

At a Council held at the Council Chamber in Boston on 

Tuesday the third Day of Aug : 1736 

His Excellency having communicated to the Board 
this Memorial or Petition, and asked their Opinion thereon 
whether they do advise him to Grant the Prayer thereof, 

The Question was put whether the Council Advise His 
Excellency to Grant the Prayer thereof, & it pass'd in the 
Negative. Simon Frost Dep* kSec'"^ 

Petition of Sam^ Waldo July 27*^ 1736 

To His Excell^ Jonathan Belcher Esq' Captain 
Generall & Comand"^ in Chief in and Over His 
Majesties Province of the Massachusetts Bay &c : 

Humbly Sheweth Your Petitioner Samuel Waldo of Boston 
Merchant, That in as much as Cap* John Gyles the Coinand- 
ing Officer att the Truck house on S' Georges River in the 
Eastern parts of this Province is in the pay & Service of this 
Government as Interpreter to the Indians, ( & being now here 
by Your Excell^* permission ) was in the life time of Madoc- 
owando late Sachem of the Pcnobscott Tribe taken Captive, 
& remained so many Years dureing which Captivity his Res- 
idence was amongst that Tribe, he cannot therefore but well 
know, what Character, Post & Station the aforesaid Madoco- 
wando Sustain'd in that Tribe, & how they behaved towards 
him. 

Your Petitioner also begs leave to Set forth that the afores*^ 
Cap' Gyles after his Return from Captivity belonged to the 
Province Galley Cap* Cyprian Southack Couiander & did 
Severall times go from hence to Penobscott & other parts 



OF THE STATE OF MATSTE l7l 

Eastward with the s'^ Cap* Southack in quest of English Cap- 
tives when Severall were purchased of the afores"^ Madoco- 
wando, the said Gyles being then a Coxwain of the .Ships 
Boat oft times went on Shoar with the Captain. 

Further that in April 1735 Your Pef took a Voyage to S'' 
Georges River to vissit the Penobscott Indians & Cultivate 
a good Understanding with them, which after severall days 
Conference with them about my Settling up that River all 
matters were well accomodated between ¥"■ Pef^ & said 
Indians, and in Novem' following according to my promise 
in April I gave them another Vissitt, & att the Interview I 
then had with their Cheifs a Considerable number of their 
Tribe being present they to a Man declared themselves well 
sattisfied with my Intentions of Settling in those parts, & 
carrying my Settlements to the head of S* Georges River: 
att both which Interviews Cap' Gyles was improved as Inter- 
preter & was well acquainted with all the discourse between 
Your Pef^ & the said Indians, And what promisses mutually 
passed - Wherefore Your Pef most humbly prays Your 
Excelly would Signifie to Your Officer Cap* Gyles that he 
draw up a Declaration of what he knows concerning the 
afores*^ Madocawando and the Transactions between Your 
Pef & those Indians att St Georges in the afores*^ Months of 
April & Novem"^ before he depart'^ from hence & make oath 
thereto, and that Your Pef may be present att the Caption 
thereof the Cost & Charge shall be answer'd by Y"^ Pet^ 

Your Pef applys to Your Excell^ in this manner because 
when the said Cap* Gyles was before a Comittee of the Coun- 
cil & Hon^'® House of Representatives during the last Setting 
of the Generall Court he refused makmg answer to Severall 
things putt to him by the Com*^® relating to what passed att 
the aforesaid Interviews : as he did to some questions putt to 
him by Your Petitioner excuseiug him self for that he was 
Interpreter for the Government, which its humbly Conceived 



172 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

rather obliges him especially when called upon by his 
Employers, to make a full free & Impartial discovery of what 
accrewed to him, that the Goverment might be the better 
Inabled to do Justice when a dispute arrises touching fauts 
or words : And Your Pef^ questions not but upon Cap* G^'les 
making a full plain & true discovery of what he knows relat- 
ing to Madocawando & the afores'^ Interview Some palpable 
mistakes & misconceptions will be intirely removed, which 
can disserve none but may be a Singular Service done this 
Government. 

And Yo"^ Pef Shall Pray &c 
Boston July 27"^ 1736/ S^ Waldo 

At a Council held at the Council Chamber in Boston 
on Tuesday the third Day of August 1736. 

His Excellency having communicated this Petition to 
the Council, And ask'd their Opinion thereon — 

Advised, That His Excellency acquaint Cap* Gyles, 
that his Office of Interpreter ought to be no Restraint to him 
in giving his Affidavit relating to the Affairs within men- 
tioned. 

Simon Frost Dep Sec'^ 



Letter to Col. Tho' Westhrook Sept. 7, 1736. 

Sir 

His Excellency the Govern'" has lately rec*^ a Letter Dated 
the 23*^ of Aug : past from Harrow House in Falm° without 
being Signed by any person, complaining of Insults & Threat- 
ening &c some of your People have met with from some of 
y* Indians, without giving any Reason therefor in the said 
Letter. w*=^ inclosed a Letter from Capt. Tho : Smith of the 
Truck House at Saco Falls directed to yourself wherein His 
Excell*^y was inform'd that three Indians belonging to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 173 

Ammiscogan River were at Biddeford in Order to take pass- 
age on Board a Sloop bound here, & y* their Business was 
to complain that the River leading to the Sebagoge Ponds 
was so dam'd and Obstructed that the Fish cou'd not pass up 
to the said Ponds, 

Fish is their principal Subsistence in the Sumer Time and 
that for want of which they are like to be Starved &c. w*^^ is 
tho* to be the Reason that they have troubled you. in your 
letter you speak of sending up AfiBdavits of the whole affair 
in a little Time His Excellency thinks it not proper for him 
to give any order in this matter till the Conipl* be more 
properly laid before him. 

I believe it will be therefore Advisable if the Indians con- 
tinue their Comp?* & Insults to get your Evidences sworn & 
their depositions sent up, with yo' Compl* in form and what 
Claims you have to make to the River & so as to Justify the 
stopping the Course and then the affair probabl}' may be 
fully heard & determined. But you must look upon this 
only as my private opinion : I am 



Letter from Noah Er)iery to John Iligginson. 

York January 6th 1737. 
Sir 

The Proprietors of Falmouth have Entered An Action 
at this Court against one Joseph Plumer for recovery of a 
mill & house cfc 125 acres land in Falmouth by Presumpscut 
river which I fear is y® mill & land belonging to y* heu-s of 
D. Phippen. Whether you have such a Tennant there or 
not I Can't tell but I suppose by the description of ye Land 
& Mill in the writ it must be y® same. I did not know any- 
thing of such an action being entered till this day after M'' 
Joshua Ward was gone the actions not bemg all Called for 



174 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

abatem** till after his departure so that I could not send you 
word by him. I moved for a Continuance of the Action 
that I might give you notice thereof but my Motion was 
utterly rejected & that which Convinced me that it is your 
Land was y® Agreement between y® Pit* & y® Def** Council. 

I Imagine that it was agreed on both sides y* y® Proprie- 
tors should have A Judgment for Possession & then you will 
be wholly rooted out. I tho* best to let you know how it is 
that if it is yours 3^ou may Petition y'' Gen" Court now Sit- 
ting to Supersede y® Execution or Prevent their recovering 
y® Possession in such a Collusive manner. I herewith send 
you a Copy of y® Writ &c. that you may see how it is for I 
am apt to think this Plumer is somebody that has wrought 
in the Mill or on some of the Land & they have agreed in all 
things about it & y® PP* Come now for a Judgment to be 
Evidence of their title in time to Come — if this Concerns 
your Interest I would willingly know it & if I can serve you 
you may Comand. 

Your humble serv* 

Noah Emery 



Letter Nathl^ Jones ^ Nathan Look to (Japt. Rigginson Sj- Co. 

Falmouth January IS^'^ 1737-8 
Cap* Higginson and Company Gent men, these are to 
Inform you That We have Been Lately very much Surpprised 
by an uncommon Action For on Last Saturday In the after- 
noon we hoard That the Proprietors of Falmouth Had arested 
Joseph Plumer for the Mill & House and aboute one hundred 
and twenty acres of Land and on Monday last the officer 
Came with an Execution and Gave the said Proprietors pos- 
session of the premises So that we are very much Disapointed 
in our Business for we had prepared for Loging But are Now 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 175 

quite Disappointed. And it has been & is the Common 
Practice of the Inhabitance of the Town to Cut & cary Logs 
off of the Remainder of your Claime which you have Lett to 
us and carry the same down to the mills at the Falls ; We 
would therefore Desire the favour of you that you would 
Give us Libberty to Cut & Carry Logs Down to the sd mills 
at the falls altho by our Leas we are Debared from the same 
and Signifie the same in writing as soon as possible and also 
desire you would send us word what will be best for us and 
your selfs to act concerning the premisses. So In haste we 
Subscribe our Selves 

Your Real Friends & Humble Servants 

Nath" Jones 
Nathan Look 



Letter Noah Emery to John Iligginson. 

Portsm" Jan'y 20*^^ 1737. 
Sir. I wrote you a Letter Jan'' G*'* curr* from York & sent 
it by M"^ W"" Vaughan who was bound from York to Boston 
in s** Letter I inclosed a Copy of a writ bro* by y® Proprie- 
tors of Falmouth against one Joseph Plumer for recovery of 
a Mill & a house & 125 acres Land in Falm° which I supposed 
belonged to y^ Heirs & successors of David Phippcn upon 
which writ y*' Prop''^ recov'^ a verdict & Judgment for y^ 
Premises sued for even by Consent of y** Def* who I sup- 
posed to be some Person with whom they had agreed to 
recover Possession that they might have an advantage 
against you. they had Execution Immediately upon y^ 
Judgm* & before now ( I presume ) have had Possession 
delivered them I mov'd for a Continuance that I might 
inform you of it ( telling y** Court y" land was yours ) but I 



176 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

could not obtain it — y® Defend*^ Council not Desireing it & 
I Could not make it appear that Plumer was your Tennant — 
My not knowing whether you rec'' my Letter I sent by M"^ 
Vaughan is y** reason of my writeing now 
I am yo^ humble servant 

Noah Emery 
M"" Seabery rec"^ his pay for serving y^ execution from 
Doct" Moodey. 

( Superscribed ) 
To John Higginson Esq'' in Salem. 

Letter Noah Emery to John Higginson. 

Kittery February 6^1^ 1737 
Sir 

Yours of the 24 Jan''^ last 1 rec"^ & am sorry my letter 
came so late to your hands that you Could not Obtain a Stay 
of Execution however I hope the manner of their recovery 
will not give much Credit to their title in time to Come — 
in answer to your desire to know who were Judges & who y® 
PP Council &c. I think that Coll" Pepperell & Coll° Moul- 
ton both mov'd off the Bench & there were other Justices 
Specially Appointed in all Causes wherein the Standing 
Judges are Interested or any way Disquallifyed Viz*^ John 
Hill & Joseph Sayer Esq*^ & they Sat as Judges on y*" 
Case and I believe without any knowledge of any contriv- 
ance or Design in the PI** — M"^ Livermore was y^ PI** 
attorney at Court but he did not draw the writ nor do I 
believe that he knew any thing of it till it was bro* to Court 
but I suppose the writ was drawn down East among the PI*" 
by some old foi-m which they had there — there was not 
much said on either side — nothing produced in Defence so 
y® case was easy — I suppose that I said as much ( if not 
more ) without being desided by either party, as their 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 177 

Lawyers said upon y® Merits of y® Cause My tho** of the 

matter is that y® PP* and Defend* were all agreed how to 

proceed in the affair before any Lawyer whatever knew any 

thing of y® action. 

I am your Humble Serv* 

Noah Emery 

P. S. I believe it best to Learn by some means or otlier 

who makes any Improvement of y® Land or Mills &; 

bring Trespass against them Immediately if they are y® 

Prop''' of Falm^. 

N. E. 



Proprietors of Falmouth vs Joseph Plumer. 

York ss 

George the Second by the Grace of God of Great 

Brittain, France & Ireland King Defender of y® 

faith &c 

To the Sheriff of our County of York his Under 

Sheriff or Deputy Greeting 
We Command you to Suiuon Joseph Plumer of Falmouth in 
our said County of York Millwright, ( if he may be found in 
your Precinct ) to Appear before Our Justices of Our Infer"" 
Court of Common Pleas Next to be holden at York within & 
for our said county of York, on the first Tuesday of January 
next then & there in our said Court to answer unto the 
Proprietors of the Common and Undivided Lands within y® 
Township of Falmouth aforesaid in a Plea of Trespass and 
Ejectment of a Tract of Land Situate in Falmouth aforesaid 
and is part of the Common & undivided Lands of Falmouth 
aforesaid. Said Lands lying on the North Easterly side of 
Presumpscot river in Falmouth afores*^ and bounded as fol- 
loweth beginning at a stake standing on the North side of 
the Northwest branch of Piscataqua River which is a Branch 

12 



178 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

of Presumscut River afores*^ Said stake being one rod below 
tlie uper Mills on the said Northwest branch of Piscataqua 
River afores*^ and from said Stake runing South Eleven 
Degrees west one hundred & forty seven rods to a stake & 
from thence East sixteen degrees North two hundred & four- 
teen Rods to a stake thence North six degrees East Eiglity 
rods to a stake thence West one hundred & seventy six Rods 
to y® first Bounds Mentioned Containing one hundred and 
twenty five Acres ( be the same More or Less ) & a Saw Mill 
& Dwelling house thereon Standmg for that whereas the 
Proprietors of the Common & Undivided Lands within the 
Township of Yarmouth afores*^ in the Month of May Anno 
Domini 1730. were seised in fee of the Premises takeing the 
Rents & Esplees thereof to y® value of ten shillings g Annum 
& ought to be & remain m Quiet and Peaceable Possession 
thereof yet the defend* sometime in April Anno Domini 1733 
did Illegally Enter into & upon y* Premises & doth unjustly 
refuse & deny to Deliver the Posession thereof to y® Pl*^® 
Tho"^ thereto often requested which is to y^ Damage of the 
said Proprietors of the Common & undivided Land within 
the Township of Falmouth afores* ( as they say ) the sum of 
two hundred Pounds which shall then & there be made to 
appear with other due damages And have you there this writ 
with your doings therein Wittness William Pepperrell Esq'^ 
at York the first day of December in the Eleventh year of 
our reign Annoque Domini 1737 
Jn° ffrost Clerk 

Tlie defend* for Issue pleads that 
he is not guilty in manner & form 
& thereof puts himself on the Country 
g W™ Parker his Attorney 



J. Moody ) 

> Proprietors 
S. Moody ) ^ 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 179 

York ss Falmouth Decern' the 17*^ 1737 — 
Pursuant to this writ I have summoned the within 
named Joseph Plumer to appear at the Place & time within 
mentioned by readmg the within writ to him. 

Attest Barnabas Seabury Dep*^ Sheriff 
The within & above written is a true Copy of y^ writ 
return and Plea 

attest Jn" ffrost Clerk 
York ss. At y^ Infer'^ Court of Common Pleas held at 
York within and for the County of York on the first Tues- 
day of January A. Dom 1737 — The Proprietors of the Com- 
mon & undivided Lands within y® township of Falmouth 
within Mentioned recovered Judgm* upon y® writ ( of which 
y*" \vithin is a True Copy ) against Joseph Plumer for Pos- 
session of y® Premises sued for & Costs 

Attest Jn" ffrost Clerk 



John Higginson s Petition. 

To His Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq"^ Captain Gen- 
eral & Govern' in Chief in and over His Majestys Province 
of the Massachusetts Bay in New England and to the Honb'® 
His Majestys Council & to the Honb^® House of Representa- 
tives in General Court Assembled, ~ 

The Petition of John Higgiuson in behalf of the heirs and 
Representatives of the heirs of David Phippen late of Fal- 
mouth Dec** most humbly Sheweth — 

That the s*^ Heirs and Repre''®* on the first of February 
1736 being Seized of a Tract of Land in Falmouth with a 
Dwelling house & Saw Mill thereon Demised the Same to 
one Nath*'^ Jones to hold to the first of June A. D. 1738 ~ 
That Joshua Moody & Sam®^ Moody of Falmouth aforcs*^ on 
the first day of Decemb' A. D. 1737 contrivmg to Defraud 



180 DOCUIVIENTAJEIY HISTORY 

and Oust the s*^ Heirs &c, brouglit Ejectment in the name of 
the Prop" of Falmouth for the s'^ House and Mill and about 
One hund*^ & Twenty five acres of land against one Joseph 
Plummer who was not nor had ever been in possession of the 
premises And by his consent obtained Judgment ( at the 
Court of Comon pleas held in York on the first Tuesday of 
Jan^'y A. D. 1737 ) for possession of the premises Sued for & 
costs And Accordingly had possession given them immedi- 
ately after the Court before the s*^ Heirs &c* or Their Tenant 
had notice thereof and under that colour of Law have cut 
near One hundred Thousand feet of pine Boards & destroyed 
great Quantitys of Timber there growing against all which 
irregular & extraordinary proceedings Your Petitioner most 
humbly prays that the s'^ Heirs &c^ may Obtain such Relief 
as upon hearing the Ckcumstances of the Case in your Hon- 
ours Great Wisdom and Justice Shall Seem meet And yo"" 
Petition' as in Duty bound shall ever pray 

June 13, 1738 John Higginson for Self & others 

In Council June 15"^ 1788 Read & Ordered that the Pet" 
Serve the Adverse party Joshua Moody & Sam* Moody with 
Copys of this Petition that they Shew cause (if any they 
have ) on the first Fryday of the next Session why the prayer 
thereof Should not be granted — 

Sent down for Concurrence J Willard Sec'^y 

In the House of Rep^*" June 23'* 1738 Read & Concurred, 

J. Quincy Sp^' 

28 Consented to J Belcher 

In Council Decem'^ 9*^ 1738. 

Read again together with the Answer of M"^ Samuel Moody 
& M' Moses Pierson Attorney for Josua Moody Esq'' & 

Ordered that the further Consideration of this Petition be 
refer'd to Wednesday the tenth of January next that so the 
Prop" of Falmouth may have Time to make Answer to it ; 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 181 

And that the Petitioner do forthwith Serve the Clerk of the 
Proprietors or Some Principal Proprietor with a Copy of the 
Petition accordingly. 

Sent down for Concurrence. vSimon Frost Dep. Sec^y 

In the House of Rep^*^* Dec' ll^'^ 1738. Read & Concur'd 
with the Amendment viz*, Dele Wednesday the tenth of 
January — and add the first thursday of the Session of this 
Court in May, 

Sent up for Concurrence J Quincy Sp'"' 

In Council Decem' 12, 1738. 

Read & Concur'd with the further Amendment viz* Dele 
the tenth of January & add Wednesday the Seventeenth of 
January next if the Court be then Sitting if not, &c. 

Sent down for Concurrence Simon Frost Dep* Sec'^y 

In the House of Repres^^^ Dec 14, 1788 

Read and Nou concurd and the House adhere to their last 
vote, 

Sent up for Concurrence J Quincy Sp''' 

In Council Decern' 14, 1738. Read & Concui-'d 

Simon Frost Dep* Sec'^ 

Consented to, J Belcher 

In Council June~16, 1739 

Read again & it not Appearmg to the Court that the peti- 
tioner had served any of the Proprietors of Falmouth with a 
coppy of this petition since the last order of this Court 

Ordered that the further Consideration of this Petition be 
refferred to the Second Tuesday of the fall Session & that in 
the mean time the Petitioner to Serve the Clerk of the Pro- 
prietors or some prmcipal Proprietor of Falmouth with a 
Coppy of this Petition & orders thereon 

Sent down for Concurrence J Willard Secry 



182 docujvientary history 

In the House of Rep^«« June 16, 1739 

Read & Concurd J Quincy Sp^"^ 

18 : Consented to J Belcher 

York ss/ June 26"^ 1739 by the Desier of the within Named 
John Higginson I have served Moses Pearson who is the Clerk 
of the Proprietors of the town of falmouth with a Coppy of 
this Petition and orders thereon By Reading the same to him 
g Jeremiah Moulton : ter* Und" Sheriff 

In Council Jan^y S*"^ 1739. 

Order"^ that the Consideration of this Petition he further 
referr'd to the first Tuesday of the next May Session. 

Sent down for Concurrence Simon Frost Dep* Sec'^y 

House of Rep«^^« Jany 5, 1739. 

Read and concur'd Eben : Pomroy Speak' Pro temp"" 

9. Consented to, J Belcher 

In Coimcil July 11, 1740. 

Ordered That the Consideration of this Petition be further 
referr'd to the first Thursday of the next Session. 

Sent down for Concurrence J Willard Secry 

In the House of Repr^<^^ July 11^^ 1740 

Read and concur'd J Quincy Sp^"^ 

11 Consented to J Belcher 



" (7ajt>* Jones' Deposition.^'' 

Nathaniel Jones of Falmouth in the County of York Tes- 
tifieth & saith that in the Year 1736 he took a Lease of a 
Saw Mill and a parcel of Land in Falmouth afores*^ from John 
Higginson & others heirs & Assignes of David Phippen late 
of said Falm° deced & that on Monday the 16 of January 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 183 

last he was by virtue of an Exon on a Judgment against 
Joseph Plummer of said Falm° bro't by some of the Prop" of 
Fahnouth put out of Possession & Improvement of said Saw 
Mill which he had put into repair in order to proceed in saw- 
ing & has ever since been kept from his said business. And 
further saith that since his being put out as aforesaid the 
Mill has been Improved by some of the prop''^ of said Falm° 
& near 100,000 foot of Boards cutt and saw'd there as he has 
been Informed. The said Jones further saith that the afores** 
Joseph Plummer nor any one under him lias to his knowl- 
edge for six Years past ever possessed or Improved said Mills 
or any Lands thereabouts nor has he any liouse or habitation 
near the same, And as the said Jones has been informed 
never was a prop"^ Claimer or Occupant or so much as a Ten- 
ant at Will of the aforesaid Saw Mill. 

Nath" Jones 
Boston 14 June 1738. 

Suffolk Sc* Boston June 14, 1738 — Nathaniel Jones made 
Solemn oath that the above written Declaration was the 
Truth & the whole Truth relating to the premises, taken in 
perpetuam rei memoriam, 

EdW^ Hutchinson ) Justices 

Coram r, i -,tt ■,■, V of the peace 

Samuel Welles ( ^^ '■ 

'uorum unus. 



/ Q> 



To the R* Hon^^® The Lords of the Committee of 
His Majtys Most Hon*'^® Privy Council. 
My Lords 

Pursuant to Y' Lord?* Order of the 27th of May last, we 
have had under our Consideration the humble Petition of 
ColP Dunbar Lieu* Gov'' of N Hampshire & Survey'^ Gen^ of 
the woods in N America, setting forth, " That he has been at 
great Expenses in building Forts & settling p(iople on some 



184 DOCITMENTAEY HISTORY 

Lands deem'd to be the Western Parts of N^ Scotia for w'^'^ 
he had receiv'd no Recompense & praying to be relieved 
therein." 

On this Occasion We have been several times attended by 
M"^ Dunbar, & have had frequent discourses with him & 
examined into different Papers he has lay'd before us in 
relation to the Subject Matter of his Pet", Whereupon We 
shall take Leave to observe to Y' Lorclp' 

That in the Year 1729 it being apprehended, that the Crown 
had a right to all the Lands lyinge between the Rivers Penob- 
scot & S' Croix, & it being at that Time represented, that 
Several Persons were disposed to settle in those Parts, Coll° 
Dunbar was impowred by His Maj^^'^ Instr"^ bearing date the 
27*^^ day of April 1730 to lay out Lands for all Persons so 
desirous under certain Conditions & Restrictions That upon 
the said Coil's arrival in those parts, he took possession of an 
old Fort call'd Pemaquid, w°^ the Crown had frequently rec- 
ommended to the Massachusetts Gov'' to be taken Care of, & 
repair'd the same at a very Considerable Expense : That after- 
wards sev^ Persons applying for Lands in those parts, the said 
ColP Dunbar did sett out six different Townships, in the 
Neighbourhood of the said Fort & in most of the said Town- 
ships, as we have been informed by Mr. Heniy Tripsack, 
Lieutenant in Col° Philipps's Regiment and M"" George 
Mitchell, Deputy Surveyor of the Woods & Lands, there 
were about 50 Familys, w*^*^ were settled. Houses built & 
Lands cleared for them chiefly at the said Coll'^ Expense, 
w^'^ the said ffamilys were to have repay'd him, by certain 
proportions, as they sh*^ have been enabled by the produce of 
their Settlemt® But upon application some time after, to His 
Maj'y in Council, It was found, that some other Persons 
claim'd the Lands, whereon these Settlements were made, & 
upon hearing the Matters by them alledged, It was order'd 
by His Maj'^y in Council, that the possession sh*^ be restored 



OF THE STATE OF JIAINE 185 

to such Claimers, & the Colony dislodged. Whereupon the 
said Persons so settled, being dispersed, were rendred inca- 
pable of making any Satisfaction to Coll° Dunbar, who by his 
zeal, in making the aforesaid settlement has been a very great 
Sufferer. 

On which account tho we cannot recommend Coll. Dun- 
bar's Pretensions, as a direct Claim from the Crown, we 
nevertheless thmk him a proper Object of His Maj*^^ Bounty 
& Compass", and deserving of such favour as His Maj'^ in 
his great wisdom shall think meet. 

We are, My Lord, Your Lordships most obedient & most 
humble Serv^* 

Monson Ja. Brudenell 

M. Bladen R. Plumer. 

Whitehall July 4th, 1738. 



Letter Secretary Josiah Willard to Jolm Noyes 

Sir 

I am directed by the Gov" & Council to acquaint you 
that the Indians of the Penobscot Tribe now in Town have 
made divers Compl'^ ag^* you as to your Conduct as Truck 
master, Particularly that you made them pay for Bread 
Tobacco & other Things that were wet & damnified by the 
Sinking of the Boat the same Price as if the Things were 
good and merchantable & that when some of their People 
bring small Quantities of Feathers & small Pieces of Fur, 
you throw their Things away & refuse to trade with them & 
bid them to trade with the French, & in general that you 
treat them with great Roughness & 111 Temper. 

To these Complaints the Board expect y''^ Answer, & that 
in the mean time you do every thing consistent with the 
other Parts of your Duty to make the Indians easy & well 
satisfied in their Trade with you. 



186 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

Letter John Noyes to Secretary Josiah Willard 

S* Georges July 18 1738 
M' Secy Willard 

I reed yours of July 6 And note the Contents, 
and Should have had great Satisfaction to have ben pres- 
sant, with the Indians when in Boston, The bread was wet 
when their was 64 Indians pressant, I was not desirous to 
have them take it, but it was Concerted by Cap* Gyles, and 
the Indians, that it would Serve them for their prssant 
Spending, The bread was counted soe none was wrong'd 

The Tobacco they had by the Fatlium not by weight, I 
immediately sent for other Tobacco ( They mention other 
thmgs ) Their was nothing more wet, I have not at no time 
refused the Smallist quantity of ffeathers nor the Smallist 
peices of Fur But frequently have acquainted them that they 
would be as well delt with If they brought their Beaver to 
Georges, as with the priveat Traders, and that Feathers & 
peices of fur was what the Traders refused, I have Strickly 
Observed his Exce^ Instructions w^'^ is Two quarts of rum 
in Twelve dayes, The Indians by their ffrequent urging me 
for more rum, and my Adhearing to my Instruct, They term 
it ruffness and ill Temper, And as I have allwaies treted them 
with the greatest Sevility Soe Shall continue to doe, This 
with Submishion I offer to his Excelleny and the Honour^'' 
Councell — and remain their most Obedient humble Servant 

John Noyes 
[ Superscribed ] 



Deposition of John Coks Jiin^ Aug ^, 1738 

The Deposition of John Coks Jun"" of full Age Testifyeth 
and saith that he was at Mackerbedudus Sometime y^ last 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 187 

Montli and that he was there told by sundry Indians and 
French men that they beleiv'd and that We ( meaning 
English ) might Depend upon it there would be a Warr 
with y^ Indians for that they tho* that neither y® Governor 
nor M'' Samuel Waldo would pay them y® land Down there, 
and perticularly that one french man told him that he was 
Sure there would be a warr with y'' Indians for that the 
Indians were continually posting from one place to another 
giving the Watch word to be In Readiness at an hour's 
warning and that they had Declared there was five hundred 
Indians Ready at Canada waiting only for orders to fall upon 
y*^ English and that y^ Indians at the Aforesaid place had 
bro'' Considerable Quantitys of Ammunition from Canada 
w'^'^ was gave them as he understood by the French. 

the aforesaid Frenchman further Declar'd to y** Deponent 
that if there was not a Warr within a month he might Cutt 
his throat y^ next time he saw him for that he was sure the 
Indians would very shortly make Warr — The Deponent 
further Declared that he heard an Indian and an Enghsh 
Man say that the Indians abo* y** aforesaid time Tore up a 
Considerable quantity of Corne & burnt y* fencing stuff of 
the English Settlers there - — Who ask y^ s*^ Indians y^ 
Reason of their so doing — they Replyed they had done it 
because that y^ English had not paid them for their land and 
that they would Burn y® fencing stuff w*='' was their wood 
and further Saith not — Aug^ 4"^ 1738 — 

John Coks J' 
York ss Aug' 4"' 1738 Then the above John Coks Jun' 
personally Appear'd before me y^ Subscriber and 
Made Oath to y^ Truth of the above Deposition — 
Henry Wheeler : J : Peace 



188 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter Henry Wheeler to Hon W'^ Pepperell 

falmouth August the 4 : 1738 
Honoure*^ Sur After my Servis to you these are to aquant 
you that Eversins I Receved a Captains Commishon I have 
Desiered Cap* Moodey to Divide the men which he never 
denied but Always Neglected in order to have it Done about 
five Months agoe I begun at both Ends of the town and 
made a List and Showed to Cap* Moodey and Desiered a 
Divishion and for him to take his Choise Which he Neglected 
to Doe or Call the people to geather from the time you ware 
here till about a fortnight Agoe and on the morning of the 
muster Day i went to his house and shewed him the List 
which i had Showed him before and asked him if he v/ould 
Divide by that or had thought of any V/ay of Dividing 
According to youer order but he told me he Expected that I 
should have as formerly on Which i left him and When he 
and the Company Was in the feld I went with the Lieuten- 
ant and Insign and Demanded a Divishion According to youer 
order he told me he knew nothing about it the Reason he 
gave for it was that you Never Consulted with him About 
the New Ofisers) he kept the men in the feld about two 
hours and then Led them into the town and Dismised them 
without Ever veiwing arms or Amunishon I should have 
Sent before but Expecting youer Self Down to falmoth Every 
Day for these five months past which i pray you will Exsept 
of for an Excuse for my not sending no sooner till I have the 
hapynes to se youer honour which will much Oblige Youer 
humble Servant to Command 

Henry Wheeler 
Post Scrip Sir 

I have here Inclosed an Evedence taken at the Request of 
Sundry persons as yool excuse 

[ Superscribed ] 
To the Honourable W™ Peprel Esq^ in Kitrrcy 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 189 

Letter Col. W^ Pepperrell to Gov. Belcher Aug 7. 1738 

May it Please yo'" Excellency 

Inclosed is some Letters & an afiidav* w^'' I received 
this day from Falmouth dont think it proper to make any 
Great stur Least it might frighton some that Live in y® 
Frontears from their implyments but desire to write to y" 
sever'' Cap** in y® Regiment that they take particular care 
that their men be well provid'' with arms & Ammunition. 

by yo" Excell^y^ direction Cap* Wheeler was to take y® 
Command of one of y^ Compannys in Falmouth, & Last 
Octob"" when L* Coll° Moulton & I was there we had a 
Gener' muster & offer*^ to assist in dividing y^ men but their 
answer was that they would do it among^* them Selves at 
amore Leisure time Since find there is a dispute among'* 
them, but I desire to goo there in afue days & then hope to 
accomadate y" affaire 

I am with Duty 
Yo' Excellencys Most Dutyfull & Hum'''« Serv* 

W'" Pepperrell 

Kittery August T**" 1738 

[ Superscribed ] 

On His Maj8*y^ Service To His Excellency 

J Belcher Esqr 

Cap* Gcner^ & Commande'' in chieff of His INIajs^y'' Provinces 

In New England att Boston. 



Letter Secr^ Josiah Willard to Col. TP^ Pepperrell Aug 10. 

1738 

Sir, 

I am directed by His Excellency to acquaint you that 
he has rec*^ your Letter of the V^ instant with the inclosed 



190 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Deposition & Letters : And desire that you would repair to 
Falmouth as soon as possible & put the Militia at Falm° & 
the other Towns into a proper Disposition & more especially 
that they be sufficiently furnished with Arms & Ammunition 
accordingly to Law, That you likewise endeavour to get 
what further Intelligence you can of the Motions of the 

Indians and send by to the Commanders of the Forts at 

S* Georges Richmond, Brunswick & Saco & to the Officers 
in the new Settlem'* to put them upon the guard & when 
there is no Officer to some of the principal Persons which 
you must do in so prudent a Manner as not to impress them 
with any unnecessary Terror, And His Excellency expects 
to be advised from you of the State of Things from the [ sic, 
no signature.] 



Letter Charles Frost to Hon. W'^ Pepperrell 

Falmouth Aug* 15»^ 1738 
Hono'^ Sir 

This I send by Enoch Moody who I understand is 
sent up to informe you that there is great suspition of a 
War w*'' y'' Indians there is a great body of y™ above us who 
threaten much what they will shortly do — and we are in a 
very poor Condition of Defence by Reason of y® Indolence of 
y^ Officers — by what I can learn, not above one quarter of 
y® men have annumition So that tho we have got a parcel of 
brave young fellows — we shall ( if y® Indians so incline ) be 
knock'd in y® head like fools — for want of proper care y® 
Chief officer here will neither haugh nor Gee, as I suppose 
you will be fully inforra'd by y® bairer who I suppose has sev- 
eral Letters for you on that head, therefore shall not inlarge 
but should be glad there was such officers as would do their 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 191 

Duty — on such occations or on any one occation — but ho 
is such a Supine Retch that there is no Dependance on him — 
and beleive It wouki be as proper to have one of y® Chief 
officers out of y* Town ( I mean y« Neck ) Colonel West- 
brook Gives his Service and Impatiently waits to see 
Whether y* Gentle'* Referrees will be down here or Whether 
they will act upon y® affair at Boston — I remain w^^ Duty 
love and Service to all Respectively Due Yo'' Du" N"^ &> very 
Humble Serv* 

Cha. ffrost 
The Hono^^^ W" Pcpperrell Escf 



Letter Col. W'"' to Gov. Belcher Aug. 18. 1738. 

May it Pleas Yo' Excellency 

pursuant to yo^ Command of y" 10''' Ins* am now in this 
Town to inquire into y® State of y« Millitia and am pleased 
to find they are better provi'd*^ w''^ Arms & xVmmunition then 
Expect** there is but fue Garrisons in these parts ; as y® peo- 
ple seem to be carefull hope if y^ Indians had any ill desine 
they will be discouraged ; here is no further news in these 
parts but this day Cap* Robert Marthous arriv*^ here in a 
ship bound for Piscataqua he bro* Stors for the Garrison at 
Canso took them out of aman of warr in Cadiz ba}-^ and m his 
Passage here put into aharbor on the Cape Sable Shoare & 
meet with as he saith what he hath here related by y^ inclosed 
Deposition 

I am Yo^ Excell'^ys most Dutyfull & Obed* Hum"'^ Serv* 

W"* Pepperrell 
Falmouth August 18*M738 

I have sent this acco* to y® several Forts at 
S* Georges, Richmond, Brunswick & Saco 



192 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

August 19'^ 
May it Please ¥0-^ Excell'^y 

Yesterday Morning we took y® Inclosed Deposition Cap* 
Marthous then seem^ to be Soiled, by y® afternoon we pro- 
cured aman & horse to proceed as an Express to you, but y® 
8*^ Captain hath since acted Like acraisey man & by his taulk 
we cannot Credit what he hath sworn too before y® Justices, 
so conclud'' it was not best to put y^ Provmce to any need- 
less charge & y® People in afright ; but I tho* it adviseable 
to let y° know the State of y® Affaire, the Ship is gon for 
Piscataqua he saith he desires to tarey afue days there & then 
to proceed to New York. We could not com to discourse 
any of his men 

I am as above 

W*" Pepperrell 



Falmouth, Support of Schools. 1737-17^ 

May 20*^ 1737 Voted That there be granted and paid 

out of the Town Treasury of Falmouth Twenty Pounds 
towards the Grammar School Masters Salary for the Present 
Year and that the first Parish have the Liberty of Settling s'^ 
School Master where they see fitt They paying Him the 
Remainder of his Salary And that the second Parish be 
cleared from any further Charge Excepting their Proportion 
of s*^ Twenty Pounds. 

Recorded g Sam^^ Moody Town Clerk 
A true Copy taken from Lib° 2"^° Fol. 157 

Attest Step"^ Longfellow Town Clerk 

September ll*** 1738 - Voted There be Fifteen Pounds Laid 
on the Polls & Estates in the Town of Falmouth to pay a 
School Master for six Months Service after this Day, and 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 193 

that the Select Men are Impowered to provide a School Mas- 
ter & Asses s^ Money & pay s*^ School Master. 
A True Copy Lib" 2° Fol. 161 : Att' Step" Longfellow 

Town Clerk 

March 13*^ 1738/9 Voted that the Sum of One 

Pound five Shillings be allowed and paid out of the Town 
Treasury to Jonathan Lincoln for y® Use of his House ( for 
the School ) Ten Weeks as g Account on File - 

A True Copy Lib° 2° Fol : 164 : 

Att* Step" Longfellow Town Clerk 

September 17*'' 1739 Voted Fifty Pounds for a School 

Master the Year Ensuing 
Lib"' 2: Fol°172: 

March 20: 1739 Voted That there be granted & paid 

out of the Town Treasury of Falmouth Twenty Pounds 
towards the Grammar School Masters Salary for this present 
Year and that Messrs John Waite Isaac Ilsley Samuel 
Moody David Stickney James Gooding & Thomas Bolton 
Have the Liberty of setling s*^ School Master where they see 
Fitt, They paying him the Remainder of his Salary and that 
the Town be Cleared from any further Charge Excepting 
their Proportion of s'' Twenty Pounds s*^ John Waite Isaac 
Ilsley Samuel Moody David Stickney James Gooding & 
Thomas Bolton To have the whole Benefit of s** School 
Master 

Lib°2: Fol°178. 

Decemb'' 24 : 1740 Voted Twenty Pounds be Assessed 

to pay the School Master as formerly voted by this Town 
this Year- 

Lib° 2: Fol: 180 

March lO*'^ 1740 Voted that the Tax of two Pence g' 

13 



194 DOCUIHENTAiir HISTORY 

Acre (which was Ordered by the General Court) on the 
unimproved Land in Falmouth for three Years for the Use 
of the Ministers and School in s'^ Town be paid in the follow- 
ing Proportion - viz* - 

Fifty Pounds a Year for the Use of the School 
Lib° 2: Fol: 185. 

Decb^-21: 1741 Voted That M' Nicholas Hodge be 

Grammar School Master for the Town till next March Meet- 
ing, and that He be paid by the Town in the same Propor- 
tion as He was in the Year 1739 
Lib'^2'i Fol: 187 

May 17*^^ 1743 Voted That there be Twenty Pounds 

Old Tenor Raised, on the Polls & Estates in this Town to 
pay a Grammar School Master for the Year Ensuing 

Lib-^ 2 : Fol : 202. 

May 17'^ 1745 Voted that there be drawn out of the 

Town Treasury X130 old Ten"^ to pay the School Master 
now Among us — viz* out of the Money raised last Year to 
defrey Town Charges And that the Select Men shall propor- 
tion the Time the s*^ Schoolmaster shall keep School Accord- 
ing to the Taxes paid in Each part of the Town where he 
may be pleased by the said Select Men as they may think 
proper - 

Lib' 2^^ Fol : 219 

August 26: 1745 Voted that there shall be Fifty 

Pounds Old Tenor paid toward the Support of the Grammar 
School Master now among us for this present Year Out of 
the Money raised last Year, And in Case the People on the 
Neck «vill pay s** School Master the Remander of his Salary 
this present Year, they shall have the Benefit of him. 

Lib° 2 : Fol 220 

August 24 : 1747 Voted that there be allowed and paid 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 195 

by the Town out of the Treasury Forty Pounds Old Tenor 
to pay a Grammar School Master for a Year to Come from 
this Twenty fourth Day of August. 
Lib° 2. Fol 233 

January T*'^ 1747 ■ Voted That there be a Tax of Three 

Hundred & Seventy Pounds old Tenor, Laid on the Inhabi- 
tants in the Town of Falmouth and that the Assessors are 
directed to Assess the same to defray the Town Charges 
Including Seventy Pounds heretofore Voted to pay a Gram- 
mar School Master & the Repairing Stroud Water great 
Bridge — 

Lib« 2 : Fol : 235 

May 16: 1748 Voted That Sixty Pounds old Tenor 

be raised on the Poles and Estates of s^ Town and paid to 
that part of the Inhabitants of s** Town that will keep a 
Grammar School Master by the Direction of the Select Men 
of s*^ Town this present Year. 

Lib'^2: Fol: 239: 

The fore going are true Copies of the Votes as Recorded 
in the Town Book 

Att* Step" Longfellow Town Clerk 



Answer to the Petition or Complaint of John Higginson. 

To his Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esqr Captain 
General and Governour in Chief the Honourable the 
Council and the Honourable House of Representatives 
of His Majestys Province of the Massachusetts Bay 
in General Court assembled at Boston November 29*** 
1738 — 
The Answer of Samuel Moody and Moses Peirson attorney 
for Joshua Moody to the Petition or Complaint of John Hig- 



196 DOCUMBNTAKY HISTOIiY 

ginson for himself and on behalf of the heh's of David Phip- 
pen late of ffalmouth dece"^ 

Most humbly Sheweth 

That the Peti''^ have Set forth in their said Complaint to 
your Excellency & Honours That the heirs & Representatives 
of the said Phippen on the first day of February 1736 were 
Seized of a Tract of Land in Falmouth with a Dwelling house 
&c. and that the said Respond*^ on the first day of Decem- 
ber 1737 contriving to defraud and oust the said Phippens 
heirs of the premises brought an Action of Ejectment in the 
name of the Proprietors of Falmouth for the said Land and 
premises Which is a misrepresentation to this Great and 
Honourable Court 

For that the said Samuel & Joshua Moody Did not bring 
an Action of Ejectment as is insinuated for upon the fface of 
the Writ it self it is plain and Evident That the Proprietors 
of Falmouth brought the said action in their own names & 
Capacity as by a Copy of the Writ herewith Exhibited may 
appear And the Respond*^ only Endorsed the Said Writ to 
secure the Costs And the Present Petiti" or Respond*® hum- 
bly conceive this Great and Hon^^® Court has been misled by 
the unfair misrepresentation of the Complainants And there- 
upon were pleased to pass a vote upon the said Petition to 
serve the said Samuel & Joshua Moody with a Copy of the 
Petition and Order thereon when the Proprietors were over 
lookt who were principals in the said action and so have no 
legal notice to make answer to the said Petition. 

Wherefore the Respond*® most humbly pray That the hear- 
ing on the said Petition ordered by this Great and Honour- 
able Court may be Suspended until the proprietors of ffal- 
mouth may be Served with a Copy of the Complaint that so 
they may make a proper Defence for themselves And that 
the said Samuel & Joshua Moody may not be held to make 



OF THE STATE OF MADTE 197" 

answer thereto and that they may be allowed their Reasonable 
Costs. 

And yr Peti" as in duty bound shall ever pray 
Sam" Moody 
Moses Pearson Att^ for Joshua Moody. 



Anno Regni Regis Georgii Secundi Duodecimo. 

An Act for Erecting a Township in the County of York 
to be called by the name of 
X 

Whereas there is a competent number of Inhabitants 
already setled upon a Tract of Land lying within the County 
of York hitherto called, and known by the Name of Bruns- 
wick containing the Quantity of about six Miles square and 
lying convenient for a Township, and whereas said Inhabit- 
ants have humbly petitioned this Court that in Order to 
provide a suitable Maintenance for the Minister setled among 
them they may be erected into a Township, and Vested with 
the Powers and Authorities belonging to other Towns ; 
excepting only the Power of Granting and disposing of Land 
which they Acknowledge to be A in the Proprietors who 
placed them there 

Therefore for Encouragement of the said Settlement 
Be it enacted by his Excellency the Governour, Coimcil 
and Representatives in General Court assembled and by the 
Authority of the same ; That the said Tract of Land 
described in a Piatt now returned to this Court as follows : 
Beginning at the Mouth of a Brook or Rivulet t called 
Bungamunganock running into Maquoit Bay where it touches 
upon North Yarmouth Line and from the mouth of said 
Brook to run upon a Course North North West half West- 
erly five miles into the Wilderness leaving a Wedge or strip 



198 DOCUMENTARY EQSTOBY 

of Land between said Line and North Yarmouth, and from 
thence upon a Course North East four miles to the Second 
Falls of Amascoggin alias Androscoggin River from thence 
down said River by Fort George, and down Merrymeeting 
Bay so far as Stephen's carrying place, including several 
small Isletts lying in said River above said carrying place, 
and over said carrying place to the head of the Creek 
or River that runs up to the other side of the said 
carrying place thence down said Creek or River to the 
Mouth thereof including an Island therein, and from 
the mouth of said River to run by the Water side south- 
westerly to the south west point of a place called the 
New Meadows thence to strike across the Cove, upon a 
Course North North West till it meets and intersects tlie 
upper end of Merryconeeg Neck four Rods above the Nar- 
rows of said Neck commonly called the carrying place thence 
to run along the shore to a Neck of Land called Mair Point 
about a Mile and a quarter down said Neck thence to cross 
over said Mair point and Maquoit Bay upon a Course North 
west till it comes to the Place first above mentioned : Be and 
henceforth shall be a Township to be called and the 

Inhabitants thereof shall have and enjoy all such Immunities, 
Priviledges and Powers as generally other Towns in this 
Province have and do by Law enjoy. ~ 

Excepting only the Power of Granting and disposing of 

Land which the Inhabitants acknowledge to be in the Pro- 
_ ^ ^ 

prietors who placed them there. With a saving for any and 
all other Grants, Titles, Interests, or Estates, that may be 
found within the same. 

In the House of Rep^«« Dec' 12, 1738. Read a first time 
IS'*" Read a second time. 14*^ Read a third time & passed 
to be Engrossed. Sent up for Concurrence 

J Quincy Sp:'^'" 



OF THE STATE OF MAESTE 199 

In Council Dec"" 14, 1738 Read a first time 19 Read again 
& Pass'd a Concurrence with the amendm* viz. Dele A 
Sent down for Concurrence. J Willard Secry 

In the House of Representatives December 19*'^ 1738. 
Read & Concurd with the further Amendment at X Dele 
to be called - 

Sent up for Concurrence J Quincy Sp:'"" 

In Council Decern-^ 20, 1738 Read 



Petition 

To his Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq' Captain 
General and Governour in Chief the Hon^^® the 
Council and Hon^^® House of Ropresentatives of 
His Majestys Province of the Massachusetts Bay 
in New England in General Court Assembled May 
30*^ 1739 
The Petition of the Proprietors of the Point of Land in 
Casco Bay in the County of York Called by the name of 
Marepoint — 
Humbly Sheweth 

That Whereas the said Point of Land is One Half part of 
it within the Bounds of the Township of North Yarmouth 
and having paid Rates and Taxes to said Township both to 
Church and State Altho the Inhabitants there live Twenty 
Miles Distant by Land from the Meeting house and Ten 
Miles by Sea a Cross Two dangerous Bays Especially in the 
Winter time being also many times Impassable in Canoes 
with their Familys Thereby Depriving them of the Publick 
Worship of God for a Great part of their time is a great 
discouragement to the Tenants. 

And Whereas this Hon^^® Court have been pleased this last 
Year to Invest the Township of Brunswick with all Privi- 



200 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ledges as the other Towns m this Province Enjoy and that 
Brunswick meeting house is but two Miles Distance from 
the Upper End of said Point makes it Easy to Repair thereto 
without the Danger and Difficulty of the Winter and Tem- 
pests and the very Great length of way by Land. — 

May it please Your Excellency and Honours We humbly 
pray that you would be pleased for the prevention^the afore- 
said Inconveniencys to sett off the familys that may Inhabit 
said Point of Land from the Town of North Yarmouth and 
Annex them to the said Town of Brunswick Especially Since 
One half part of said point of Land is within the said Town- 
ship of Brunswick already as by the plan thereof now on the 
files of this Court for making Brunswick a Township may 
appear — 

And Your Pef^* as in duty bound shall ever pray &c. — 

Tho: Palmer 

And for John Wentworth of piscaqua & by his Desire, 

proprietors — 

Geo. Minot for himSelf 

& as attourney to his Bro' John Minot 

Elis* White admn^ 

In the House of Rep^«^ June 16, 1739 Read & Ordered 
That the petitioners Serve the town of North Yarmouth with 
a Copy of the Petition that they shew Cause if any they 
have on the first friday of the next sitting of the Court why 
the prayer of the petition should not be granted, & the peti- 
tion is referred in the mean time for Consideration 
Sent up for Concurrence 

J. Quincy Sp'^' 



To the Honourable Board There lying at present 
before your Honours A Complaint signed by Jn° Higgerson 



OF THE STATE OF MAESTE 201 

Esq'' in Behalf of the Heirs of David Phipen Deces^, against 
Joshua Moody Esq'' & M"^ Samuel Moody & upon their 
Answer there pass'd an Order on s'^ Complaint that the Pro- 
prietors of Falm*** should be Notified to make Answer thereto, 
who having appointed me to Answer y® Same, Which is 
Refered for A hearing untill Tuesday next at which time I 
am in hopes to be at the Court, but haveing been Detained 
for Some time by An affair of Importance & Stormey weather 
& being in A poor State of health, & it being likely to be 
Bad Traveling, So that probabely I may be Detained on my 
Journey & not get to Boston by the Time Sett for hearing 
the s** Complaint. And if it should so happen I Beg the 
Favour of your Honour the Same to defer for A few Days 
untill I shall be able to Come, I propose this Day to Set 
out on my journey for Boston ~ 

I am your Honours Humble Serv* 
Falm*'' March IS^^^ 1739. Phinehas Jones 



Petition 

To His Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq' Captain 
General and Governour in Chief in and over His 
Majesties Province of the Massachusets Bay in New 
England To the Hono''^* His Majesties Council & 
Hono^^^ House of Representatives in General Court 
Assembled by Prorogation at Boston Sepf 1739 — 
Phineas Jones of Falmouth on behalf, and by order of the 
Inhabitants of the said Town — 
Humbly Sheweth 

That about three years agone the Great & General Court 
or Assembly of this Province in Consideration of the charge 
the Inhabitants of Falmouth had then bin at, were pleased to 
order that the Wast Lands in the sd Town should be taxed 



202 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

a penny g Acre towards Defraying the same but thro the 
delay of the Persons Concerned in Committing to the Consta- 
ble the Warrant for the Assessment in due time, the Inhabi- 
tants have had no benefit by the General Courts order. And 
in this present Year 1739 the Inhabitants have been at near 
twenty hundred pounds Charge in building a Meeting house 
& Bridges in the said Town & will be obliged to fortify their 
houses & also to pay about five hundred pounds more for the 
Support of their Ministers and Schoolmaster, if the Proprie- 
tors & owners of the Unimproved Lands are not obliged to 
help them defrey that Charge And in Regard the unim- 
proved Lands are Defended and bettered by the Inhabitants 
Who Venture their Lives in this time of Apprehended Dan- 
ger and meet with many Difficultys in their nev/ settlements 
& the Wast Lands make up near nine tenths of the whole 
Township & are much more Valuable by the Improvem*^ & 
Industry of the Inhabitants — Your Pet' in behalf of the 
setlers & Pursuant to their Vote humbly prays Your Excel- 
lency & Honours to take the p'^misses into Your Wise Con- 
sideration — And to Assess the Wast or Unimproved Lands 
in the s*^ Town two pence g Acre at least for three years yet 
to Come the better to Enable the Inhabitants of the s*^ Town 
to Defrey the great Charge of supporting their Ministers & 
Schoolmaster during that time — And Your Pet' (as in duty 
bound ) shall Pray &c — 

Phinehas Jones 

In the House of Repr^«« Oct' 2, 1739 

Read and Ordered that the Petitioner give publick notice 
to the Nonresident Proprietors of the Unimproved Lands in 
said Town by inserting it in the Boston Newspapers four 
Weeks successively at least that they shew cause ( if any 
they have ) why the Prayer of the Petition should not be 
granted on the first thirsday of the next sitting of this 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 203 

Court and the Petition is leferrecl in the mean time for Con- 
sideration. 

Sent up for concurrence J. Quincy Sp''' 

In Council Oct^ 2 1739 Read and Concurr'd 

Simon Frost Dep*^ Sec'^y 
Consented to J. Belcher 

In the House of Repr^«^ Dec"^ 22^^ 1739 
Read again . And in answer thereto Ordered that the 
Unimproved Lands in said Town be Subjected to a Tax of 
two pence g Acre p annum for three Years next Ensuing, 
and that no Difficulty may arise about the said Unimproved 
Lands, 

Ordered that all lands not within Lawful Fence be Sub- 
jected to said Tax, 

Sent up for concurrence J. Quincy Sp"^' 

In Council Decem' 28, 1739 Read and Concur'd 

Simon Frost Dep* Sec'^ 
Consented to J. Belcher 



Answer to the Petition of John Higginson, 

To His Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq' Cap*^ General 
and Governour in Chief ui and over His Majesty^ Province 
of the Massachusetts Bay in New England and To the Hon^^® 
the Council and to the Hon^^'' the House of Representatives 
in General Court Assembled at Boston May 1740 - 

The Answer of the Proprietors of Falmouth to the Petition 
of John Higginson in behalf of the Heirs and Representatives 
of David Phipen late of Falmouth Deced - 

The Respondents say that true it is that your Respond" 
on the first day of December 1737 bro't their Action of Eject- 
m* against one Joseph Plumer for the Possession of One 
Hundred Twenty five Acres of Land & of a Dwelling House 



204 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

& Saw Mill thereon Standing which Action was prosecuted 
at the Inferiour Court of Common Pleas held at York for the 
County of York on the first tuesday of January following 
where the s** Plumer appeared by his attorney & after A fair 
hearing of the Case it was Committed to the Jury who found 
for your Respond*^* the Premises sued for & Costs, from which 
Judgment the s'* Plumer moved for an appeal but failing to 
give Bond to prosecute his s*^ Appeal — Your Respond** 
obtained Execution for possession of the Premises Sued for 
as afores*^ & accordingly received the possession of it, & have 
ever Since improved the Same which your Respond'* think 
they have good Right to both by Law & Equity, but not by 
Cutting & Destroying the Timber as Complained of that 
being ( to your Respondents great Damage ) almost if not 
wholly Destroyed before. But what is Complained of that 
it was with Design to Defraud & Oust the Complainants is 
without Grounds for the Design was without fraud by Course 
of Law to Oust the s'^ Plumer, & thereby to Obtain Our Just 
Right which was unjustly withheld he being the Person who 
had for some Years been in the actual possession And 
improvement thereof & had often declared that he had a 
Bond from the Complainants to indemnifie him against any 
Action your Respond** should brmg against him for the 
Premisess, & the Lease mentioned in the Complaint your 
Respond** then & yet are ignorant of Except what they know 
by the Compl** The Leasee keeping his Lease Concealed if 
he had one ( at least from your Respond**) & not making the 
Least improvements upon the premises so that your Respond*' 
Could not lay an Action against him — And as the Law is 
Open for the s*^ Plumer if he be agrieved at the Judgement 
Obtained against him by Reviewing the Action before the 
same Court, & thereby bring it into A Course of Law, as 
likewise the Complainants have the Law open on their Side 
& no way foreclosed by any Action of your Respond** or any 



or THE STATE OF MAINE 205 

Judgment by them Obtained So that if they have any Claim 
to the premises your Respond*^ humbly Conceive that the 
matter ought according to Law & Custom to be heard & 
tryed in a Court of Judicature according to the Course of 
Common Law where each party may produce their Evidences 
& be heard & tryed by a Jury & your Respondents humbly 
Conceive it would be without President where the Law is 
open for all partys, for your Excellency & Honours to enter 
into the Consideration of the Merits of the Cause & therefore 
pray that the Complaint be Dismissed as groundless & Liti- 
gious & your Respond** have their Reasionable Costs allowed 
them — But if your Excellency & Honours shall in your 
great wisdom Judge meet to take the premises into your wise 
& Equitable Consideration and Determin & Judge thereon 
your Respond*^ doubt not but that upon a fair hearing of the 
matter they- shall produce such Evidence to prove both the 
justness of their Title & the fairness of their Obtaining the 
possession thereof, that your Excellency & Honours will then 
Judge the Complaint ought to be Dismissed as groundless 
& Litigious & your Respond*^ have their Reasionable Costs 
allowed them as afores*^ 

All which is humbly Offered in the name and on the 
Behalf of the Proprietors by 

Isaac Ilsley 
Sam" Moody 
Phinehas Jones 

Petition 

To His Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq'' Captain 
General and Governour in Chief The Hon''^® the 
Council and Hon^'^ House of Representatives of his 
Majestys Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New 
England in General Court Assembled May 28, 1740- 



206 DOCTXMENTAEY HISTORY 

The Petition of the Proprietors of the Neck of Land in 
Casco Bay in the County of York Called by the Name of 
Mereconege Neck — Humbly Sheweth 

That Whereas the said Neck of Land, is one half part of 
it, within the line of the Township of North Yarmouth and 
having paid Rates and Taxes to said Township, both to 
Church & State, Altho the Inhabitants there, live above 
Thirty Miles Distant by Land, from the Meeting House and 
Twelve Miles by Sea a Cross Two very Dangerous Bays, 
(Especiall}' in the Winter time) being Also Many times 
Impasable in Canoes, with their Familys, Thereby Depriving 
them of the Publick Worship of God, for a great part of 
their time, whicli is a very Great Discuragement to the 
Setlers, And Whereas this Hon^^® Court have been pleased, 
Two Years Since, to Invest the Township of Brunswick, 
with all Priviledges as the other Towns in this Province 
Enjoy, And that Brunswick Meeting House is but Three 
Miles Distant,, from the upper end of said Neck Acljoyning 
to Brunswick Town, & no Water to pass over, which Makes 
it Easy to Repair thereto. Without the Danger and Dificulty 
of y^ Winter, & Tempests by Water, And the very Great 
length of Way by Land — May it please your Excelency & 
Honours We Humbly pray, that you Would be pleased for 
the prevention of the afores*^ Inconveniency, To Sett off the 
Familys, that may Inhabit said Neck of Land, from the 
TowTi of North Yarmouth, And Annex them to the Town of 
Brunswick, Especially Since but a part of said Neck of Land 
is Couched within the line of Northyarmouth Towns Ship, — 
And as in Duty bound your Petitioners shall ever pray 

Adam Winthrop Joseph : Wadsworth Henry Gibbs Belcher 

Noyes Job Lewis for our selves & partners 

We the Inhabitants of the said Neck of Land — Most 
Humbly pray. That your Excelency & Honours would be 
pleased to Grant the prayer of the above named proprietors. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



207 



of s^ Neck of Land, that we may be releved under our very 
Great heard ships, And as in Duty bound shall ever pray — 



James Brewer Richard Jaques 

John Stover William Magray 

Edward Quingham Isaac Hall 
Samuell Standwood Moses Gacell 
Joshua Cromeck 

John Ross Jn' 



John Stevens 

bis 

John A Orr 

mark 

William Macknees Job Moulton 



Abiel Sprague 
John Lindsey 



John Smart 
Ebneazer Toothaker 



John Mathews 
Elisha Allen 
William Gibson 
David Standwood 
Sam^' Winchell 

Seth Toothaker 

Thomas Mc 
Wait Webber 
Benj" Denslow 



In the House of Repr^*'« June 3-1740 

Read and Ordered that the Pet" Serve the Town of North 
Yarmouth with a Copy of this Pet" that they Show cause if 
any they have on Tuesday the 24*^'' Instant if the Court be 
then Sitting if not on the first thirsday of the next Sitting of 
this Court Why the Prayer thereof should not be Granted. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

J. Quincy Sp*^' 

In Council June 4 : 1740 

Read &; Concur'd 

Simon Frost Dep' Sec'"y 



Consented to 



J. Belcher 



In Council June 27, 1740 

Read again and it appearing that the Town of North Yar- 
mouth has been duly Served with a Copy of the Petition but 
no Answer given in ; Ordered that the Prayer of the Peti- 
tion be granted, And that that part of the Neck of Land 
within mentioned which heretofore belonged to the Town of 
North Yarm° together with the Inhabitants thereon, be and 
hereby are Set off from the Said Town of North Yarmouth, 



208 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and annexed to & accounted a part of the Town of Bruns- 
wick, there to do Duty & receive Priviledge accordingly 
Sent dowTi for Concurrence 

Simon Frost Dep* Sec^ 

In the House of Rep^^" June 28. 1740 

Read and concur'd J Quincy Sp^' 

Consented to J Belcher 

In Council August 1, 1741. Read again together with 
the Answer of Ammi Ruhamah Cutter Agent for the Town 
of N" Yannouth, & the Matter being fully considered, Voted 
that the Order of this Court within pass'd the 2V^ of June 
A last, be & hereby is superseded & set aside, and that such 
of y* Inhabitants of the Neck of Land within mentioned, B 
as are consenting thereto, & shall give in their Names to the 
Town Clerk of Brunswick, for that Purpose, be & hereby 
are set off to the Town of Brunswick so far as relates to the 
Ministry 'till the further Order of this Court, to do duty & 
receive Priviledge accordingly. 

Sent down for Concurrence J Willard Secry 

In the House of Rep*"^®' Aug*^ 5, 1741 Read and concurd 
with the Amendm*^ viz At A -dele last and insert 1740, At 
B - insert with their Estates. 

Sent up for concurrence J Hobson Sp^"" 

In Council, Aug. 5, 1741 Read & Concurred 

J Willard Secry 

Consented to J Belcher 

Petition of Mr. John Dennis 

To his Excellencj- Jon* Belcher Esq Govern, in chief the 
hon"^ Council & Representatives of his majestys province 
of the Massachusets Bay in General Court assembled 
May 28« 1740 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 209 

The humble petition of John Dennis late Chaplain at S* 
Georges Fort Sheweth 

That your Excellency & Honors were pleas'd in answer to 
his petition offer'd to this hon'' Court the last Year to make 
him a grant of Fifty pounds for which he returns his most 
hearty thanks And did also further grant & allow the sum of 
Thirty pounds to provide Furniture & necessary Utensils for 
the Chaplains room at said Fort but there being no money in 
the publick Treasury said Furniture & necessarys were never 
provided & your Petitioner was necessitated to procure the 
same himself which as he is now oblig'd to quit the Service 
proves much to his damage. 

That your Petitionei during his abode & being in the Ser- 
vice at S' Georges has contracted a very hazardous distemper 
which incapacitates him from being further serviceable there 
& obliges him to be at great Expence on physicians & having 
a considerable Family & being reduc'd to very lov*^ Circum- 
stances humbly apprehends hmiself to deserve the Compas- 
sion of this hon'' Court And prays you Excellency & Hon. to 
take his said Case into y° wise consideration & to make him 
a grant of a small Tract or Parcell of y® unappropriated Lands 
of the Prov. or to grant him such other relief as to y° Wis- 
dom shall seem meet And y° Petitiofil shall ever pray 

John Dennis 
In the House of Repr'«« June 21*' 1740 - 
Read and Ordered that the Sum of fifty pounds Equivalent 
to Bills of the Old Tenor be paid out of the Publick Treas- 
ury to the Petitioner John Dennis,) 

f and also a Grant of two Hundred Acres of the 
Unappropriated Lands of this Province adjoyning 
to Some former Grant is hereby Granted B to the 
said Petitioner His Heirs And Assigns He to 
return a Plat thereof to this Court within twelve 
Months for Confirmation. 
Sent up for concurrence, J Quincy Sp^^ 

14 



A Dele^ 



210 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

In Council June 28, 1740 ; Read & Concur'd witli the 
amendm* viz, Dele A. Sent down for Concurrence 

J Willard Secry 
In the House of Repr^*« June 30, 1740. 
Read and Non concur'd and the House adhere to their own 
Vote with the Amendment at B. viz. within the County of 
York. Sent up for concurrence. J Quincy Sp'^' 

In Council July 2*^ 1740. Read & Concur'd 

Simon Frost Dep. Sec^^ 
Consented to, J Belcher 



Petition of 31'' W^ M^Clenachan in behalf of the 
Presbyterian. 

To his Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq"^ Capt" Generall 
and Goven"^ in Chiefe in and Over his Majesties Province 
of the Massachusetts bay in New England The Honble 
his Majesties Councill and house of Representatives for 
said Province in Generall Court Assembled the 28''^ day 
of May Anno Domini 1740 
The humble Petition of William M'^Lenechan Clerk in 
behalfe of himselfe & his hearers of the Denom" of Presby- 
terians in the Town of Falmouth in the County of York ~ 
Sheweth That your Pef^ being regulaily initiated into the 
Ministery of the Gospile According to the Kirk of Scotland 
and haveing been Installed to preach to a Number of People 
of the denom" of Presbiterians in s*^ Town of Falmouth, 
Who have hitherto Endeav'' to Support your Pef in his said 
Ministry and who notwithstanding are obliged to pay Taxes 
towards the Support & Maintenance of the Congregationall 
Ministers of s*^ Town which your Pef & his hearers of the 
denom" of Presbyterians apprehend to be a great hardship in 
their present infant Settlements — 



OF THE STATE OF JNIAINE 211 

Your Pef further shews that by the Royall Charter granted 
to this Province Toleration is granted to all denom"^ of Chris- 
tians Except Papists And this Honble Court pursuant thereto 
has made sev" Acts for the relief of Sev" denom^ of Chris- 
tians to Ease them from paying towards the Support of any 
other clergy but Their own to Which your pef humbly 
Apprehends his hearers of the Denom°* of Presbyterians are 
Equally Intitled — 

May it therefore please your Excellency & Honors to take 
the Case into your Consideration & to make such Law for 
the Ease and reliefe of those of the Denom° of Presbyterians 
inhabitting s*^ Towti as has been heretofore done for the 
reliefe of other denom^ of Christians or to appoint a day at 
the Next Meeting of this Great & Generall Court for your 
Pef & his hears of the Denom" afores** to be heard upon the 
Merritts of their Case ~ 

And y' Pet" in duty bound will Ever pray 

William M Clenachan 



Constables Return 

York ss. Brunswick June 9*^ 1740. 

This may certify His Excellency the Gov' the Hon^'® 
Council & the Hon^^^ House of Representatives of the 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New England That I 
the Subscriber on the ninth day of this Instant June did 
serve John Powell Esq'' & others the Select Men of the 
Town of North Yarmouth with a Coppy of the Petition of 
Adam Winthrop Esq'' & Others the Proprietors of Merry- 
coneeg Neck within the County of York & delivered them 
the Coppy of said Petition with the Order of Court thereon 



212 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

which was at their Town Meeting and the Moderator read it 
to the Town while I was present 
Attest 

(^Constable of the 
John M''farland-{ Town of 

[^ Brunswick. 



Committee Chosen 

At a Town Meeting of the Freeholders And other Inhab- 
itance of the Town of North Yarmouth Convened Held at 
the Meeting House In s*^ Town on Monday the 23 of June 
1740 — 

Voted That there be a Comraitty of three men Chosen to 
answer the Petition of Adam Winthrop and others Relating _ 
Merricaneage Neck : Voted that Mes*"^ Arami Ruhamah 
Cutter Barnabas Seabury & John Orr be the Committy to 
answer the aforegoing Petition — And if the s*^ Petition 
shall be Granted in Favour of the s*^ Petitioners before the 
Committy Can Answer the same : Then the s** Committy to 
Petition the Great & General Court for a Rehereing of the 
same And that any one of s"^ Committy be Impowered to 
Answe_ & Prosecute the same when Present — 

A True Coppey Examined g Barnabas Seabury 

Town Clerk 



May it Plese your Ex*^y 
On y* G*'^ Currant Edewakeuk & suud'' Indians Came to 
aquaint me that he a Riv*^ 4 Days Past to Panobcut from 
Canadey. and also to quaint me y® Reason of thire Going 
to Canaday & Prosedings which was to Discours y® Ercegon- 
tog Indians Concerning y® hatchet for y^ answer they had 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 213 

sent them, y* Ercegontogoges thought not sufficient, so they 
went Perconaly & after sum Diseours, they said they were 
not so vneasy on account of y® English settling thire Lands 
vp Caneti- River & Elsewhere as sum Indians that Liu*^ 
nearer y^ English, & Cald them selves Ercegontogog Indians 
& Did not Realy belong to them, Ercegontogog and that they 
would now Leve y® affare wholy to the Panobcuts to act for 
them & what they Did they would Concent to and a bide by 
for time to Com. 

then they went to Pay thire Duty to y® Gouern'^ of Canadey 
and tould him what they had Concluded on w*^ y^ Ercegonto- 
goges, & he said he a Proue'^ Very well thire not yet Ingage- 
ing in a war w*^ y^ English, but be on thire Guard, & they 
new how thire Land Lins Run and that they had no men of 
war yet from frauce but Expected Dayly, & they should have 
a new friar and they that fetcht him should not Return Emty 
handed, & y® Indians ar now sending to Canadey for him, 
and as to y* french & Indian forcses, y® Indians all Returnd 
well and y® french Excepting one sar* kild & 1 man wounded, 
& sum of the Officers thought it to Long a Jorny to Com 
back by Land took a nearer way by shiping to france, and 
they have Don Gret Exploits a mong y^ southern Indians &c 

I tould said Indians I took it kindly of them, thire Giueing 
me an account of all affares, & I was thankfull that we had 
an appartunity to Relate affares to each other & to Propose 
what may be for Peace & y® Publick Good for y* future, then 
they Proposed to write to your Excellency. 

I tould y® said Indians I beliu'' if 3 or 4 Princable Indians 
were appointed by y® Rest to Go to boston & Pay thire 
Respects to Gouern'^ Belcher & y^ Gret Councill, & Relate all 
affares to them, it would be Plesing & Exceptable, & they 
would be weleom, for Gouern' Belcher had Rate to me if 
sum of his old frinds had a mind to Com he should be Plesd 
to see them, they said if I would Go vvith them they would 



214 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

have a meeting in few days who should Go : I tould them I 
was Vnwell but Rether then such a weighty affare should be 
frustrated I would Go w*** them if my health would any ways 
a Low of it, 

May it Plese your Ex"^ Pursuant to your Ex^^^ order by 
Cap^'' Storer I have acted to y® best of my skill for ser=% 

S* Georges Au«* 7'^^ 1740 

1 am your Ex^^* most Duty full ser^ 
John Gyles 
I thought it might be of service to have y^ Parusul of y® a 
boue notwithstaudmg they should have a Confurrance w"' 
your Ex'^y at boston. 

Capt. Arthur Savage to Sec^ Josiah Willard 

Fort Frederick August 15"' 1740 

Your favours of the lo^'' Ultimo I duly received, Note the 
Contents, & should be heartily glad could I make an Estima- 
tion of the Charge of puttmg our Garrison into a proper pos- 
ture of defence but as I am entirely unacquainted w*^ 
Masonry I cannot do it. All I can do is to send you the 
length of the Walls which are one hundred & thirty two feet 
square besides the Bastions, which are not in the proper 
manner they should be, in case the Fort be rebuilt w^^ is very 
requisite to be done. The walls are five feet thick fronting 
the Sea, & three & a half to the Land, & should be at least 
Eleven or twelve feet high, so that it will be an easy matter 
for a Workman to compute the Charge of rebuilding. The 
Barracks will not nead a great Deal of repairs. 

I am with all due regards S'' your most humble Servant 

Arth"^ Savage 
To The Hon^^ Josiah Willard Esq"" Secratary for His Majes- 
tys Province of the Massachusets Bay In New England. 
g Cap Sanders 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 215 

Letter Capt. G-iles to Crov. Belcher Aug. 16, 1740 

May it Plese your Ex'=y 
Since my other Lins of 7'^ Date, the Indians have had 
many meetings sum Drunken ons sum sobar and Desirous of 
seeing your Ex''^' haveing sumthing of moment to Relate, so 
Pursuant to your Ex*^y* Order I thought thire Visett might 
be for the Prouince seruice they haueing Concluded on four 
to Go. 

on y« 12^^^ Currant I Rec" your Ex^^ Letter of July 29''*. 
on y® 16'^^ Currant a Prmcable Indian that went to Canadey 
a bout 25 Days Past a quaints me y' he a Riud to Panobcut 
two Days smce. 

and at his a Riual to Canaday y® Gouern' a Riud thire 
from Morial, and y® same Day a man of war a Riu*^ from 
france w*'* fine hundred men on bord, & had a very seuere 
sickness on bord, that fiuety s** Dyed on thire Passeg & a 
Jesuitt, but no nues of moment the Gouern' bed hun tel y® 
Indians y* it was all Peace yet w*** y® English, & a Letter to 
the Casteens of y® same account, I am 
S* Georges fort Your Ex'^y* most Dutyfal Ser* 

Au«* IGth 1740 John Gyles 



Copy of lawn Record 

At a Town Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhab- 
itance of the Town of North Yarmouth Convened held at the 
Meeting House In s^^ Town on Monday the twenty fifth of 
May: 1741: — 

Upon Hearing the Petition of Adam Winthrop and others 
Stiling them Selves Proprietors, & the Memoral of Ebeneser 
Hall & others Stiling them Selves Inhabitance of Small 
Point preferred to the Great & General Court praying to be 



216 DOCURIENTAIIY HISTORY 

Set off from the Town of North Yarmouth & Annexed to 
George Town & Considering the Distance of s*^ point of 
Land from North Yarmouth Meeting House & the Dificulty 
of the pasage : 

Voted That the Inhabitance of that part of the Neck of 
Land Called Small Point now lying within the s*^ Town of 
North Yarmouth have the free consent of the Town to 
pursue their s*^ Memorial & to be Set of from s*^ North yar- 
raouth & annexed to & accomited Part of the Town of 
George Town Provided the s*^ Grant or Resolve shall not in 
any wise affect the property of y® Lands there — 

Voted Also That M"" Ammi Ruhamah Cutter be appointed 
& fully impowered to appear at the Great & General Court 
at their Next Sessions to make answer to the Petition of 
Adam Winthrop & others Relating to the Islands of Great 
Sebashadegen & Little Sebashadegen & also to pray the 
Governour and General Court for a Rehearing of a Late 
petition of Adam Winthrop & others And one other petition 
of Richard Jaques & others relating to Seting off that part 
of Merricaneage Neck from s*^ North Yarmouth and annex- 
ing it to Brunswick And to pray for a Reconsideration of 
the Resolve of that Honorable Court there on 

A True Coppey Examined 

g Barnabas Seabury Town Clerk 



" The Memorial of Small Point Inhabitants. " 

To His Excelency y® Govenour & the whole General 

Court of the Massachusetts Bay — 
Humbly Sheweth 

That We the Scubscribers being Inhabitants of a Place 
Called Small Point on the West Side of Sagadahoc River, 
& are Tennants to Adam Winthrop Esq' & Comp^ and the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 217 

Grater part of the Land that we pos'ess is within North 
Yarmouth Line But at so great a Distance that we can't 
Receive any benefit at all fron said Town, for that the s*^ 
Point of Land that we Posess of s*^ Winthrop & Compy* is 
46 Miles Distant from North yarmouth Meeting House by 
Land & through George Town & Brunswick & there is no 
other way but through s*^ Towns, which way is new and very 
bad, and to go by Sea, the nearest way is 20 miles to y* 
meeting House and a Cross several very Dangerous Bays, 
and we can never attend y" Publick Worship of God without 
great hasard of our Lives by Sea & Land And We do con- 
stantly attend y® Publick Worship at George Town Upon 
Arrowsick Island, when the weather will admit of it, which 
is but about 5 Miles Distant from the places where we live 
& adjoyns to George Town where we Desier to do Duty 
( for the above reasons ) We Humbly Pray your Excelency 
& Honours will pleas to annex the s^ Point of Land to 
George Town as it adjoyns thereto, where we can enjoy the 
Preaching of the Gospel, & have Releaf in time of Danger 
which we can not from North Yarmouth & as in Duty 
bound your Memorilist's 
Shall ever Pray &c 

Ebenezer Hull ) Small his 

T 1 A 1 ( • . David () Thomas 

Joseph Anderson ) pmt m^^k 

John G Samuel Wells C Day 

Thomas Day Daniel Green tit-h- ^i^ n.i 

'' , . William W Ihomas 

John Pearce William Campbell mark 



Letter Copt. Tho^ Sanders to Crov. Belcher June 16, 1741' 

Please your Excellency, Yesterday the Fifteenth of this 
Instant Coming into broad Sound the man of war boat Came 
on board and Took out Two of my men W°^ Lithgo mate 



218 DOCUMENT AEY HISTORY 

and John Elder Seaman I slioed the master my Commission 
he told me that was nothing to him but if I would save my 
men I must go on board to Cap* Scott which Likewise I did 
and Shew him my Commission and Told him that the Sloop 
was in the pay of the Province and the Sailors Likewise but 
he said he had no regard to Commissions but must have men 
and would and please your Excellency I should be glad if 
you would give me orders or Instructions so that I may have 
my men again and I shall Take it a great Favour done 

Yo'^ Exell^' very hum Serv* to Command 
Tho^ Sanders 
P S On board the massachusetts June 16, 1741 



Memorial 

To his Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq' Capt" Gen- 
erall Govern® in Chief, In and Over his Maj^ Province 
of the Massachusetts Bay in New England To y® 
Hon^i his Maj« Council & the Hon^^ House of Repre- 
sent^ m Generall Court Assembled July 8'^ 1741^ 
The Memorial of us the subscribers bemg Propriet" of 
Lands in North Yarm° 
Humbly Sheweth 

That Whereas sundry Taxes have been Levyed on — 
Propriet'" of y^ Comon & Undivided lands in North yarm*' 
Several of whom / as Delinquents / have been return'd to 
the Assessors who proceeded to the Sale of their Lands as 
the Law Directs — 

But have neither rendred an Account to y® Proprietors 
Treasurer nor paid the Overplus to the Dehnqueuts but 
deliver'd s*' Money & papers into the Possession of M"" Ami 
Ruhama Cutter / as their Clerk / — S*^ Cutter tho Often 
requested by the Proprietors Treasurer to Render an Account 



OP THE STATE OP MAENE 219 

Neglects & refuses so to do ; By wMch Means the Proprief' 
have Been Obliged to Levy a Tax oi £5: — , — g Right to 
support the Necessary Charges w*''^ is now in Collection — 

Wherefore Your memoriallists humbly pray that y'' Excell'' 
and Hon" will by an Act of Assembly Enable Propriet" 
Treasurers to Call to Ace' Demand & Receive all Moneys 
belonging to them in as full & ample manner as Town 
Treasurers by Law have And y' Pettition^^ shall Ever pray- 

John Hill Job Lewis Row'^ Houghton 

Tho^ Hill John Dabney James Pitson 

John Powell Jno Calef 

In Council; July 11, 1741, Read & Ordered that the 
Prayer of the Memorial be so far granted as that John Read 
Esq"^ with such as the Hon'''® Plouse of Represent^^ shall join 
be a Committee to prepare a Bill for the Relief of the Peti- 
tioners & others that are or may be in the like Circumstances 

Sent down for Concurrence 

Li the House of Reps^*'^ July 14, 1741 

Read and concur'd and Coll Dwiglit and M' Williams are 
Joyned in the Affair 

J Hobson Speaker 

In Obedience to the within & above Order We have pre- 
pared the Bill desired &, here-withal present it 

Jn° Read in behalf of y^ Com*^*® 



Petition. 

To his Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esqr Caj)* Gen^ & 
Gov"^ in Chief in & over his Majesty's Province of the 
Massachusetts Bay in New England, To the Hon' his 
Majesty's Council & the Hon' House of Representatives, 
in Gen' Court assembled, July, 8, 1741. 
Humbly Shew 



220 DOCUMENTAItY HISTORY 

The Inhabitants of y® Town of North Yarmouth, in the 
County of York. 

That on y« 28*^ of May 1740, The Hon^ Adam Winthrop 
Esq : & Others Stiling themselves Proprietors of the Neck of 
Land in Casco Bay in y* County of York, called by the Name 
of Meriicaneag Neck, & Richard Jaques & Others, Stileing 
themselves Inhabitants of the S*^ Neck of Land, did pray this 
Hon^ Court " to sett off the Families that Might inhabit S^ 
Neck of Land, " from the Town of North Yarmouth & annex 
them to y® Town of Brunswick " for Reasons therein men- 
tioned ; & on the Fourth of June following, This Hon' Court 
order'd the S*^ Petitioners, to serve y^ To\^ti of North Yar- 
mouth with a Copy of y® s*^ Petition, That They might shew 
Cause ( if any they had ) On Tuesday y® 24*^ of June ( then ) 
instant, why the Prayer of s^ Petition should not be granted, 
& on y* 9*^ of s*^ June, Y® Pet' were servd with a Copy of s'^ 
Petition & Order, & y' Select men of North Yarmouth forth- 
with Issued their Order to call a Town Meeting on s^ Affair, 
&; Y° Pef immediately applyed Ourselves to prepare our 
Answer. But the Examination of y® Several Facts alledged 
in the s*^ Petition, Procuring of Evidences, Records & Planus, 
Relating thereto, & Measuring of Sundry Distances therein 
laid down, which were absolutely necessary to form our s*^ 
Answer, Expended so great a Part of y® Time set for Appear- 
ing in this Hon^ Court ; & the Distance from North Yarmouth 
to Boston being not Less by Land than 1 30 Miles : That 
Y° Pef fearing it was too late to Send, by Land, tho't it 
safest to send, on Board a Sloop, as promesing the quickest 
Dispatch ; But were so unfortunate That the s^ Answer did 
not arrive in Boston, till Four Days after this Hon' Court, 
( doubtless presuming Y"' Pef^ were consenting, or had Noth- 
ing Material to alledge against y® Prayer of y** s'' Petition ) 
had granted the Same & Order'd y^ s*' neck of Land shou'd 
be annex'd to y® Town of Brunswick. Otherwise Y° Pef 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 221 

doubt not we shou'd have offered such Strong & weighty 
Considerations to this Hon^ Court, respecting the Proprietors 
in Gen' as well as Y° Pet in particular, as wou'd have given 
abundant Evidence to this Hon' Court, That y^ Prayer of y* 
s^ Petition ought not to have been granted. Y° Pef there 
fore humbly pray Y"" Excellency & Hon' wou'd be pleased to 
set aside, the Order of this Hon' Court on y« s'' Petition of 
Adam Winthrop & Others & Richard Jaques & Others, of y® 
28^'' of May 1740, & allow Y° Pet' a new Day to make 
answer thereto. And Y" Pef ( as in Duty bound ) shall ever 
pray &c g 

Ammi Ruhamah Cutter 
In Behalf of y*' s^ Inhabit^ of North Yarmouth 
To his Excellency the Gov"^ & y® Gen' Court Assembled July. 
8. 1741. 

We the Subscribers approving y^ within Petition, & being 
Proprietors of Lands in s** North Yarmouth, humbly beg 
Leave to joyn in y® Prayer thereof 

John Hill Jos Calef Row'' Houghton 

James Pitson Middlecott Cooke ATailcr 

Thomas Gill Tho' Hill John Dabney 
Benj° Edwards 

In the House of Rep«^^* July 21. 1741 Read and sent up. 

In Council July 21 1741 Read and Ordered That the 
Petitioners Serve Adam Winthrop Joseph Wadsworth and 
Job Lewis Esq" M"^ Henry Gibbs and Belcher Noyes with a 
Copy of this Petition, that they may Shew Cause if any they 
have on Friday the twenty fourth of July Inst* why the 
Prayer thereof should not be granted — Sent down for Con- 
currence J. Willard Secry 

In the House of Rep^«« July 22 1741 

Read and Concur'd J. Hobson Speaker 

23 : Consented to J Belcher 



222 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

In Council July 24. 1741 

Ordered that Jeremiah Moulton & John Gushing Esq" 
with such as shall be joined by the Hon''^^ House of Repre- 
sent"^^^ be a Committee to consider the several Petitions now- 
depending in this Court from the Proprietors of North 
Yarmouth & the Proprietors of Merriconeag Neck & of 
Sabasca-Degan Islands ( as they style themselves ) That the 
Committee hear the Parties & report to this Court their 
Opinion what may be proper for this Court to do upon the 
said Petitions 

Sent down for Concurrence J. Willard Secry 

In the House of Rep^^«^ July 24. 1741 

Read and concur'd and Col Gerrisb Cap* Choate and Cap* 
Pierson are Joyned in the Affair. 

J Hobson Speaker 



Report 

The Comitte to whome was Referrd the Petitions of the 
Prop®^ of North Yarmouth & the Prop®^ of Merriconeag 
Neck & of Sabasca Degan Islands ( as they Style themselves) 
Having Mett & fully heard the Parties are of Opinion y* the 
Pj-Qprs ()f North Yarmouth Realy Designed to Make Answer 
to the Petition of Adam Winthrop Esq' & others preferred 
to the Gen^ Court y" 28*'' of May 1740 Praying y« s'^ neck 
might be Annext to Brunswick as Sett forth therein — And 
altho they had prepared their Answer, by Accident It mis- 
carried & So y® Plon^^ Court proceeded & annext s'^ Neck 
with y® Inhabitants to Brunswick. ~ 

Wherefore we Apprehend the Orders of Court Relating 
Thereto ought So far to be Superseaded as That y^ Town of 
North yarmouth be Admitted by their Agent Now to make 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 223 

Answer to s*^ Petition & be heard thereon, so y* a full Con- 
sideration ma)^ be had by this Court And That y^ Considera- 
tion of the other Petitions afores*^' wliich have a near Relation 
thereto be Suspended in ye mean time — The s*^ Prop'"^ agent 
first notifying Adam Winthrop Esq'' of this report & Order 
thereon 

All which is Humbly Submitted 

By Jer. Moulton by order 
In Council July 31. 1741 Read & Ordered that this Report 
be accepted J. Willard Secry 

In the House of Rep^^es j^jy 31^ 1741 

Read and concur'd J Hobson Speaker 

Consented to J Belcher 



Petition 

To his Excellency William Shirley Esq"" Cap' Gen^ & Gov' 
in Chief the honbl the Council & Rppresentatives in 
Gen^ Court Assembled 11 Aug^^ 1741. 

The petition of Shubal Gorham Esq' for himself & rest of 
y® proprietors of the Narraganset Township N° Seven joining 
to Falmouth & Presumscot river in the County of York 
Humbly Sheweth 

That on the Fifth of July 1736. by an Order of the Gen^ 
Court the s*^ Shubal was impowered in some suitable place as 
soon as might be to Convene the Grantees of the s'' Town- 
ship for divers purposes & among the rest to agree upon 
some regular method how to call proprietors meetings for the 
future 

That he then accordingly called the s*^ meeting & did Sev- 
eral things & adjourned to a future day when they should 
have proceeded upon future business & particularly to agree 
on y® method for calling future meetings, but that adjournment 



224 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

failed by the Clerks casual Absence & so they are disabled 
to call any meetings as their present occasions necessarily 
require. 

Wherefore Y"' petitioner humbly praj^s he may be anew 
impowered to Convene the Grantees & proprietors afores'* to 
do what their present occasions require & agree on some 
proper method to call proprietors Meetings for the future, & 
your petitioner as m duty bound &c 

Shuball Gorham 

In Council Oct' 7'^ 1741 Read and Ordered that the 
Prayer of the Petition be granted and that the Petitioner be 
and hereby is impowered to convene the Grantees and Pro- 
prietors within mentioned for the Purposes mentioned in the 
Petition — 



Letter Benj^ Larrabee to Gov. Belcher 

Fort George Sep* 14t»> 1741 
May it Please your Excellency 

Yesterday I Reed your Excellencys Letter Directing me 
to Lay before you the Condition of Fort George and in 
Obedience to your Command I have as exactly as Possibly I 
can. 

The Fort it self Wants but Little Repairs only Shutters 
to the Gun Ports & a Small matter Done to the Lodgings to 
make them tite and Comfortable But we have 4 Carriage 
Guns and 4 Swivels and the Carriages of them all are partly 
Rotten and out of Repair. 

I would Humbly beg leave to inform your Excellency fur- 
ther that the greatest Difficulty We Should Labour Under 
in Case of a Sudden Rupture Would be the Want of Soldiers 
my number of Soldiers allowed this Fort is but Six and not 
only so the Wages of Soldiers is so small that good able men 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 225 

will not inlist in His majestys Service I baveing no orders 
to Impress men am obliged to take men not fit for Service. 

upon tbe Wbole your Excellency Will See tbat We sball 
soon become an easy Prey to an enemy if tliey sliould attack 
us in our Present Circumstances tbis is tbe true State of 
tbe Garrison now Under tbe Command of your Excellencys 
Dutiful and most obedient Humble Servant 

Benj* Larrabee 



Petition of Arthur Savage Feb. 23'^ 1741. 

Province of tbe Massacbusets Bay 

To His Excellency Wilbam Sbirley Esq. Captain General, 
and Governour in Cbief in & over said Province. — 

Artbur Savage Commander of His Majestys Fort Freder- 
ick at Pemmaquid bumbly Sbewetb. - 

Tbat Frederick P'ort is very well scituated to guard and 
defend tbe People wbo Inbabit tbis part of tbe Country, as 
well as tbe Fisbermen and Coasters wbo resort bitber in 
great numbers for Harbour. Pemmaquid baving one esteemed 
very convenient and safe. 

Tbat tbere are but Six Men posted at said Fort under your 
Petitioner, wbo are well disposed to do tbe duty of tbe Gar- 
rison, but tbere being so few, are so frequently call'd upon 
to Watcbing, Warding, & performing tbe otber Services, 
incumbant on tbem as Soldiers, (in a Place tbat requires 
tbere being some always on duty ) tbat tbeir said Service is 
very grievious & burtbensom to tbem, especially in tbe Win- 
ter Season, wbicb must be very discourageing, considering 
tbe poor low Wages, allowed to the Officer, and Soldiers at 
tbis Garrison. 

Wberefore Your Petitioner bumbly prays that Your Excel- 
lency in Justice & goodness to tbe poor Soldiers, as well as 

15 



226 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

in tender concern for the lives and Estates of His Majestys 
good Subjects resideing & resorting here, would be pleased 
to order a larger number of Men to be Posted in said Garri- 
son, and also allow so much Wages as that the Officers & 
Soldiers may live, and Serve their King and Country in a 
comfortable as well as honest manner. And your Petitioner 
as in duty bound will ever pray &c — 

Fort Frederick February 23'' 1741 Arth"^ Savage 



Answer of North Ystrmouth 

To His Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq'' Cap* Gen' 
& Gov"^ in Chief in & over his Majesty's Province 
of y* Massachusetts Bay in New England To the 
Hon' his Majesty's Council & y® Hon' House of 
Kepresentatives in Gen' Court Assembled July 24, 
1Y41. 
The Answer of y^ Inhabitants of North Yarmouth, To y'' 
Petition of Adam Winthrop Esq'' «Sc others Stiling Them- 
selves Proprietors of Sebescodegan Islands near Brunswick, 
of March y« 26*" 1741 
Humbly Shews 

That the s** Adam Winthrop Esq" & Others in their s'' 
Petition concerning Sebescodegan Islands alledge. That Part 
of Great Sebescodegan Island, is taken into y® Town of 
North Yarm*" but do not ( as they ought ) inform this Hon' 
Court That the Remaining Part of s** Island, about 3000 
Acres is A^-ithout the Bounds of any Township, & lies 
between the North East Line of North Yarmouth & the 
South Westerly Line of Brunswick, which Lines in that 
Part are near Two Miles asunder. Yet y® whole of y® s** 
Island, as well as Little Sebesdegan, are cautiously & care- 
fully contain'd in ) " Pra3'er of s'' Petition, & this Hon' Court 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 227 

pray'd to " anex them both to Brunswick, " Alledging That 
They " lye contiguous to s^ Town. " But Y® Respond^ 
Humbly beg Leave to observe, That there is a large Salt 
River or Gutt, with a Good Ship Channel, running between 
Great Sebescondegan, & y^ Town of Brunswick, & that 
Little Sebescodegan lyes at Least Five Miles distant South 
West, from y^ South Westerly Bounds of s*^ Brunswick, So 
that Y^ Respond^ are at a Loss to conceive what y® Peti- 
tioners Mean by informing this Hon' they are contiguous ; 
unless it be to cause this Hon' Court, as y® s'^ Pif^ in their 
Petition of May 28, 1740, did, — introducing Richard Jaques 
& Comp=' [ Twenty Three in Number ] S tiling Themselves 
Inhabitants of Mericaneag Neck, & praying That y® Prayer 
of y® Petition of y^ s'' Adam Winthrop Esq : & others, of 
May 28. "1740. might be Granted, vis: That y® Inhabitants, 
that might inhabit Maricaneag Neck might be annex'd to 
Brunswick. 

Whereas at that Time there were only Nine of y*' s'^ 
Twenty three Petitioners, Inhabitants of Merricaneag in 
North Yarmouth, — The Other Fourteen — being — Some 
Inhabitants of Brunswick — Some of y® Province Lands, 
between North Yarmouth & Brunswick — & the Rest Resid- 
ing on the Islands adjacent, or being Transient Men. — As 
also y® s'^ Peti^'*in their s^ Petition of May 18, 1740 inform'd 
this Hon' Court That » One Half of y« Neck of Land called 
Maricaneag, was within y® Line of y® Township of North 
Yarmouth but did not acquaint this Hon' Court that y® 
Remaining Part of s'' Neck, & Four Rods above the Narrows 
of it, called y® Carrying Place, were without the Bounds of 
any Township. — & that y® Bounds of North Yarmouth & 
Brunswick were in that Place, near Two Miles apart, having 
the Intermediate Part of s<* Neck, of y* Length, between 
Them, — & also alledged — said Neck was Twelve miles dis- 
tant from North Yarmouth Meeting House across T\a'o 



228 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

dangerous Bays : Whereas — Center of s*^ Neck is not above 
Ten Miles & y^ nearest part not above Eight Miles distant 
by water from North Yarm*^ Meeting House, & only across 
a Part of Casco Bay, so guarded with Islands, That People 
commonly pass in Floats & small Canoes. — As to y® s** 
Petitioners & " Others their Partners, being Proprietors of 
Sebescodegan Islands " Y® Eespon*^^ beg Leave to observe, 
— That y^ s'' Petit' & their Partners, do by a Deed from 
Robin Hood & Others, claim not only, Sebescodegan Islands 
& JSIerriconeag Neck, but all y® Lands from Small Point, on 
y® Westerly Side of s** Kennebeck River, up to Norridge- 
wock & from s'* Small Point along Casco Bay to Maquoit & 
thence Four Miles Westward of Androscoggin or Ammoros- 
coggin River above y*' Uppermost Fall thereof, being a 
Tract of Land equal to about 100 Miles long & 20 Miles 
Wide, their Title to which is so very slender & precarious 
(as y° Respon*' conceive ) That it can by no Means be Sup- 
ported, without y® Aid of this Hon' Court which y^ Pef^ 
TJiemselves seem to be sensible of as appears by sundry 
Clauses in the Bill They bro't into this Hon' Court, 1737 or 
1738, for Erecting Brunswick into a Town, which Clauses 
the Hon' Court Saw fit to blot — before it pass'd into a 
Law — They Said Petitioners not being willing to run the 
Risq : of Giving Deeds of Warranty even to y® settlers of 
Brunswick, which lyes quite clear of North Yarmouth : & 
altho y® s"* Settlers in their Petition to this Hon' Court in 
1737 desired to be exempted from any Power from this 
Hon' Court of Granting Lands there & acknowledged them 
to belong to y° Proprietors that plac'd Them there, & thereby 
lay'd themselves under great Disadvantages in ever after 
attempting to acquire a better Title : yet are the Settlers 
fain to rest satisfyed with Quit claim Deeds, as y® only 
Security for their Purchases from the Petitioners & their 
Partners, & all their costs in settling & improving s^ Lands : 



OF THE STATE OF MAESTE 229 

As to y^ Present Inliabitants of Sebescodegan Islands, being 
about Three or Four Families, Y° Respond" are willing to 
release Them from paying to y^ Ministry at North Yarmouth 
provided & as long as they shall attend y^ Publick Worship 
at Brunswick ; but can't by any Means consent, That y® s*^ 
Islands be annexed to Brunswick. — For that — The s"* 
Sebescodegan — New Capeborowaggin — ■ New Damaris Cove 
- Great Whale Boat Island — & Sundry Other large Islands, 
adjacent to Merricaneag Neck, Which Y° Respon'** doubt 
not this Hon' Court will see fit to restore again to North 
Yarmouth ; do contain about Ten or l\velve Thousand 
Acres of Land, being sufficient in Quantity, & finely 
Situated to make a Seperate Parish, as soon as y® few 
Inhabitants, shall increase their Numbers & enlarge their 
Improvements so as to be able to Support the Charge of 
it. — But should this Hon* Court be of Opinion That a 
Part or the Whole of Merricaneag Neck & Sebescodegan 
Islands, be annexed to Brunswick ; The Rest of S** Islands 
before mentioned lying so convenient to Merricaneag Neck 
will doubtless m a Few Years be added to it. Whereby 
much more of y^ Respondents Property which we have held 
Time out of Mind under the Province, will be transferred 
out of y^ Town, where we & our Predecessors have been 
above Sixty years Inhabitants & Proprietors, & our North 
East Line next to what is now Brunswick, was settled by 
this Hon' Court A. D. 1731, & run out as far as the Sea in 
1735. by a Comittee of this Hon' Court, whereof y^ Hon' y^ 
Speaker of y^ Hon' House of Representatives, was One. It 
being Three Years before Brunswick was invested with the 
Priviledges of a Town in that imperfect Manner in which 
They now Enjoy Them — They having divested Themselves 
from all Right to y* Common Lands within their Town by 
their Petition before mentioned, not desiring or pretending 
to hold their Lands from or under the Province ; But from 



230 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

y® s^ Adam Winthrop Esq' & Partners by Virtue of y® s** 
vast & exorbitant Claim, which if once Countenanced or 
aided, by this Hon' Court will take away such a large & valua- 
ble Tract of y® Lands of this Province, enough to make Twenty 
or Thirty large Towns. That it will exceedingly hurt y^ 
Interest of y® Province m Gen' as well as y° Respond* in 
particular, Either by keeping the s*^ Lands ( near adjacent to 
y^ Respond^) unsettled, & thereby leaving it to be as we 
were till y® year 1738, y® Remotest Frontier Town in that 
Part of y® Province, or Else by introducmg Inhabitants into 
that Frontier, who will hold their Lands independent of y® 
Province's Title & whose Interest it will be to undermine, 
undervalue &, if possible, invalidate, The Province's Title, 
to that whole Tract of Land, formerly called y® Province of 
Main, & to disturb &, if possible, Eject Y° Respond from 
their ancient Rights & Possessions under the Province : 
Whereby that Ancient & Remote Frontier Town [ North 
Yarmouth ] that has been so often broke up, & great Num- 
bers of its Inhabitants, the Predecessors of y° Respondents, 
slain on y^ Spot & their Blood spilt upon y® Land, in 
defending their just Possessions, that ancient Town, will 
loose a large & handsome Parish, to have it become a Parish 
in the Town of Brunswick, that is but Three years old ; And 
y'' Respon*^^ man}^ of us the Heirs & descendants from those 
first Settlers, who dyed in Defence of y® Provinces Right 
there, shall be obliged to quit our Rights to Foreigners that 
have lately entered Them in Defiance of y® Provinces Title, 
which y* Respond^ are anxiously sollicitous to maintain & 
support, & therefore doubt not y® Just & seasonable Aid of 
y° Excellency & Hon' & pray y* y® s'' Petitions of Adam 
Winthrop Esq. & Others may be dismiss'd & the Lines of 
Ancient North Yarmouth, remain as formerly Settled, by 
this Hon' Court, & y° Pef^ as in Duty bound shall ever 
pray &;c p Ammi Ruhamah Cutter In Behalf of y® Respond*^ 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 231 

Mem*' : Ammi Ruliamali Cutter by Leave of y® Hon 
Comittee on North Yarmouth Affairs Amends y^ Passage 
foregoing [ * a Deed from Robin Hood & Others ] to be read 
thus [ a Deed from Werumkee & others ] & y® words before 
[ a Good Ship Channel ] to be altered thus [a good Channel] 
A R Cutter 



Letter Arthur Savage to Gov. IT'"' Sliirley March 8, 17^1. 

May it please Your Excellency 

Since my arrival here, the Solders posted in Garrison have 
desired me to supplicate Your Excellency, that their Wages 
might be advanced that there might be a larger Number of 
Men allowed to this Fort, And I now embrace this Opportu- 
nity g Cap*^ Sanders to Inclose Your Excellency a Petition 
for that purpose & must humbly beg leave to observe to 
Your Excellency the Impossibility of my being able to Sub- 
sist upon the poor Wages the Government is pleased to allow 
me at present, & Your Excellency must be Sensible there 
can be but little perquisites, where there is but Six Men, & 
do assure Your Excellency I do spend more in a Year than I 
can possibly get in a Just manner ; All which thought proper 
humbly to lay before your Excellency, begmg Your Excel- 
lency's thoughts concerning us. And as I should be proud 
of Serving my King & Country under so good a Captain 
General as Your Excellency, I would promise my self great 
hopes of the Prayer thereof being granted. There is nothing 
material happen'd to advise Your Excellency of. So that con- 
clude ; begging Your Excellency's leave for coming to Boston 
w^'' Cap* Sanders next Trip, & with wishing Your Excellency 
health & happiness. I am & always shall remain 

Your Excellency's Most Obedient Servant 
Fort Frederick March 8*'^, 1741 Aith' Savage 



232 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petition. 

To His Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq' Governour & 
Commander in Cheif in and over His Majesty's Province of 
the Massachusetts Bay in New England The Hon^^® His Maj- 
esty's Councill and the Honourable the House of Representa- 
tives in General Court assembled this 26'^ of March Anno 
Domini 1741 — 

The Petition of the Proprietors of a Point of Land adjoyn- 
ing to George Town in the County of York called by the 
Name of Small Point, lying on the Westerly Side of Saga- 
dehoc River — 
Humbly Sheweth. 

That by reason of the South Easterly line of North Yar- 
mouth Township rumiing out from the Main many Leagues 
into the Sea, some part of said small point is couched within 
the Bounds of said Township by means whereof the Inhabi- 
tants settled there tho' dwelling distant from North Yarmouth 
Meeting house above Twenty Miles by Sea & passage very 
Dangerous unless in large Vessells, «& above Forty five Miles 
by Land, Yet have been obliged to pay Rates & Taxes to 
said Town both to Church & State altho' by their remoteness 
they can receive no Benefitt from them either in case of a 
War, or Otherwise, on which Accounts they labour under 
great Difficultys & Discouragements for remedy whereof, 
they have humbly applyed to this Honourable Court as p 
their Memorial herewith Presented will appear, and we hum- 
bly Join with them, in entreating that inasmuch as they 
border upon George Town, being parted only by a Supposed 
Line, and are but about Five Miles distant from the Meeting 
house, in said Town, where they can with convenience attend 
(except in bad Weather) that Your Excellency & Honours 
will be Pleased to compassionate them under their Present 
Difficultys and to Sett the Land off from North Yaimouth 
And annex it to George Town, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 233 

And your Petitioners as in Duty bound shall ever pray &ca 
Adam Winthrop Joseph Wadsworth Job Lewis 
Belcher Noyes Isaac Royall Henry Gibbs 

John Watts Lydia Watts 

In the House of Rep''^' April 1. 1741 
Read and Ordered that the Pef** serve the A Town of 
North Yarmouth with a Copy of this Pet" that they shew 
cause if any they have on the first fiyday of the Next Ses- 
sion why the Prayer thereof should not be granted 
Sent up for concurrence 
A Proprief^ J Quincy Sp^' 

In Council, April 3, 1741 ; Read & Concur'd with the 
Amendm* at A. Sent down for Concurrence 

J Willard Secry 
In the House of Rep^^^^ April 3, 1 741 Read and con- 
cur'd J. Quincy Sp'"' 
6 : Consented to J Belcher 
In Council July 21. 1741. Read again & upon a motion 
made by the Memorial of Adam Winthrop Esq*" & others to 
this Court Ordered that this Pet° be revived, & that the Pro- 
prietors of North Yarmouth give in their Answer thereto on 
Fryday the twenty fourth Instant, the Pef^ forthwith serving 
them with a Copy of this Order — Sent down for Concurrence 

J Willard Secry 
In the House of Rep^^*"^ July 22 1741 Read and concur'd 

J Hobson Speaker 
23 : Consented to J Belcher 
In Council August 1^' 1741. Read again together with 
the Answer of Ammi Ruh : Cutter, Agent for N° Yarmouth, 
and the Matter being fully considered Ordered that the 
Prayer of the Petition be so far granted, & that such of the 
Inhabitants of the said Point of Land as are consenting 
thereto, & shall give in their Names to the Town Clerk of 
George Town, for that Purpose, be & hereby are set off from 



,kr 



234 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the said Town of North Yarmouth & annexed to the Town 
of George Town so far as relates to the Ministry, till the fur- 
ther Order of this Court to do duty & receive Priviledge 
accordingly — Sent down for Concurrence. 

J Willard Secry 
In the House of Rep^^*^^ Aug* 5 1721 Read and noncon- 
cur'd and Ordered that the Prayer of the Pet° be granted, 
and that the Pef^ the Inhabitants there with their lands and 
Estates be and hereby are sett off from the Town of Nortli 
Yarmouth and Annexed to the Town of George Tovfa there 
to do duty and receive Priviledge accordingly. 

Sent up for concurrence J Hobson Sp'* 

In Council Aug. 5 1741 Read & Concur'd 

J Willard Secry 
Consented to J Belcher 



To Hia Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq'' His Majesty's 
Governour and Commander in Cheif in and over His Maj- 
esty's Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New England 
To the Honourable His Majesty's Councill and the Honoura- 
ble the House of Representatives in General Court assembled 
this 26'*' day of March Anno Domini 1741 

The Petition of Adam Winthrop, Joseph Wadsworth, Job 
Lewis, Belcher Noyes & others their Partners Proprietors of 
Sebasco degin Islands lying near to the ToAvn of Brunswick 
in the County of York 
Humbly Sheweth 

That by North Yarmouth line running far distant from the 
Main into the Sea little Sebasco degin Island and part of 
Great Sebasco degin Island have been taken into that Town- 
ship and the Lands have been rated towards paying the 
Charges of said Town tho' they lye far remote at the distance 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 235 

of Twelve Miles by Water and much more by land which 

* 

putts them out of a capacity of receiving Benefitt from them 

on any Account, whereas some part of the said Islands Ij-e 
within a few Rods of Brunswick Land and within five Miles 
of the Meeting house where the Setlers may with convenience 
Attend the Publick Worship but the Land Passage to North 
Yarmouth Meeting house is Brunswick Meeting house & 
Twelve Miles beyond Wherefore we entreat Your Excel- 
lency & Honours to take the above mentioned Circumstances 
into your Wise & Just Consideration and be pleased to sett 
off from North Yarmouth the little Island & that part of the 
Great Island which falls within their Line & annex both the 
said Islands to the Town of Brunswick to which they lye so 
Contiguous And your Petitioners as in Duty bound shall ever 
pray &ca 

Adam Winthrop Joseph Wadsworth Job Lewis 

Belcher Noyes Isaac Royall Henry Gibbs 

John Watts Lydia Watts 

In the House of Rep"^*^^ April. 1. 1741. 
Read and Ordered that the Pet" serve the Town of North 
Yarmouth with a Copy of this Pet" that they shew cause if 
any they have on the first fryday of the next May Session 
why the Prayer thereof should not be granted 

Sent up for concurrence J Quincy Sp*' 

A Proprietors 

In Council April 3. 1741 : Read & Concur'd with Amendm* 
at A Sent down for Concurrence J Willard Secry 

In the House of Rep"^*^' April 3. 1741 

Read and concur'd J Quincy Sp'^'' 

6 : Consented to J Belcher 

In Council July 21 1741 Read again and upon a Motion 
made by the Memorial of Adam Winthrop Esq'' &c to this 
Court Ordered that this Petition be revived ; And that the 
Proprietors give in their Answer thereto on Friday the 



236 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

twenty fourth Instant ; The Petitioners forthwith serving 
them with a Copy of this Order. 

Sent down for Concurrence J Willard Secry 

In the House of Rep^*^« July 22. 1741 

Read and concur'd J Hobson Speaker 

23 : Consented to, J Belcher 

In Council August. 1. 1741. Read again together with 
the Answer of Am : Ruh : Cutter Agent for the Town of N° 
Yarmouth, & the Matter being fully considered Ordered that 
the Prayer of the Pef^ be so far granted as that such of the 
Inhabitants of the little Island, within mentioned which falls 
within the bounds of North Yarmouth as are consenting 
thereto, & shall give in their Names to the Town Clerk of 
Brunswick, for that purpose, be & hereby are set off from the 
said Town of North Yarmouth «Sc annexed to the Town of 
Brunswick, so far as relates to the Mmistry, till the further 
Order of this Court, to do duty & receive priviledge accord- 
ingly. 

Sent down for Concurrence J Willard Secry 

In the House of Rep^*** Aug* 5 1741 Read and Non con- 
cur'd and Ordered that the Pet" be dismiss'd 

Sent up for concurrence J Hobson Sp^' 

In Council; Aug. 5, 1741 ; Read & Concur'd 

J Willard Secry 
Consented to 



Petition. " April 3. 17^2 Refer' d to May Session:' 

Piovince of the Massachusetts Bay 

To His Excellency William Sliirley Esq' Captain General 
and Governour in Chief in and over the said Province To 
the Honourable the Council and House of Representatives 
in General Court assembled, March, 17. 1741. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 23 Y 

The Petition of James Gillmore Richard Copley, Richard 
Falley, William Scott, Thomas Martin, William Pearson, 
Henry Handy, Richard Lamb, Thomas Procter Thomas 
Howard Robert Young Benjamin Burton Charles Procter 
John Burton John Gorman John Newburn Thomas White 
Edward Lamb Samuel Lamb William Everson William 
Lamb William Howard John Hopkens John Mouren Peter 
Bernet William Burns John McKewn Robert McKewn John 
Gwin David Rood William Hickey Samuel Clark Hugh Boyd 
James Barns James Little Arcliibald Little Henry Lean John 
Lean James Morton James Norton John Vass Jeremiah Vass 
John Vass Jun' Dinith Kenny William Carter .James Yets 
Inhabitants of a Certain Tract of Land lying on S* Georges 
River in the Countj'^ of York m the Eastern parts of the 
Province aforesaid ~ 
Humbly Sheweth, 

That your Petitioners and their Families for many 
years past, have Dwelt on the aforesaid Tract of Land Con- 
taining about seven Mile and an half Square by Grants from 
M' Samuel Waldo of Boston Merchant who was then Sole 
Owner and Proprietor thereof and have had a Minister of 
the Gospel Constantly Preaching among them for some 
Years And Whereas the Number of Inhabitants on said 
Tract is daily increasing, and having never been set off by 
the Government as a distinct and Separate Tow^nship, and 
Consequently not vested with the Rights & Priviledges of 
other Towns in the Province, Your Petitioners often find for 
want thereof great Difficulties & Inconveniences Attending 
their Affairs Especially those of a Publick Nature, And as 
your Petitioners are much greater in Number than many 
other Towns that heretofore upon Application made, have 
been set off into distinct Townships 

Your Petitioners therefore humbly Pray Your Excellency 
and Honours will be pleased to Allow them (by their 



238 DOCTJMENTABY HISTORY 

Attorney the said Mr Samuel Waldo Specially Appointed and 
Ipowered by Your Petitioners to Act for them in this 
Affair) to bring in a Bill for Erecting the said Tract of 
Land into a distinct and separate Township that so Your 
Petitioners may enjoy the same Powers Priviledges and 
Immunities as other Towns in the Province, 

And your Petitioners as in Duty bound shall ever 
pray &c. - S* Waldo - 

Ator^" for the Petitioners 
In the House of Rep^«* March 29. 1742 
Read and Ordered that Cap* Leonard M' Prout and M' 
Pierson with Such as the Hon^^® Board shall Joyn be a 
Comm^^ to consider this Petition and report what they Judge 
proper for this Court to do thereon 
Sent up for concurrence 

J Hobson Sp'^' 
In Council March 29, 1742. Read & Concur'd & Fra« Fox- 
croft, Jacob Wendell & John Read Esq"^* are joined in the 
Affair J Willard Secry 

The Comm®® appointed to consider of the aforegoing Peti- 
tion have attended that Service ; and are of Opinion That 
the Prayer thereof be granted ; and that the Petitioners have 
Leave to bring in a bill accordingly, agreeable to the form of 

one herewith presented 

g Ord' of the Com«« 

Boston April 2 1742 Era: Foxcroft 

In Council April 2^ 1742 

Read and Ordered that this Report be accepted and that 

the Petitioner be and hereby is allowed to bring in a bill 

accordingly J. Willard Secry 



To His Excellency William Shirley Esq'" Captain General 
& Governour in chief in & over His Majesty's Province of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 239 

the Massachusetts Bay in New England, & House of Repre- 
sentatives in General Court assembled & holden by Adjourn- 
ment this Twentyeth Day of April A. D. 1742 — 

The Petition of Shubal Gorham one of the Proprietors of 
the Narraganset Township Number 7. — humbly sheweth — 

In behalf of himself & the other Proprietors of s*^ Town- 
ship, That pursuant to an Order of this Hon*'^*" Court in 
October 1741, — He issued a Warrant for calling a Meeting 
of s"^ Proprietors, who accordingly convened at the time 
assign'd in November last, made choice of M' Moses Pearson 
for the Moderator of said Meeting, transacted sundry Mat- 
ters, And then adjourned for further Business to Tuesday 
next being the 27*^ of April currant - 

But it so happening, that the Moderator of said ^Meeting - 
having been obliged as a Member of the Hon^^'^ House of 
Representatives - to attend his Duty in this Court — so long 
as that there is not now Time sufficient left ( might he obtain 
Liberty therefor ) for him to Travel to Falmouth by the Time 
of s*^ adjournment ; So that s*^ Meeting will be discontinued 
to the great Prejudice of s*^ Proprietors ( no one being author- 
ized as yet — to call any other meeting;) unless this Hon- 
ourable Court shall be pleas'd to interpose for their Relief in 
the Premises - 

Wherefore your Petitioner humbly prays that 3'our Excel- 
lency & Honours would be pleas'd to Order s*^ Meeting to 
stand adjourn'd to sucli further Time as to You in your Wis- 
dom shall seem meet 

And, your Petitioner, as in Duty bound, shall pray &c 

Shuball Gorham 

In Council — April 23"^ 1742. Read— and Ordered — 
that the Prayer of this Petition be granted and that the 
Meeting of the Proprietors of the Township within men- 
tioned — which was to be held (by Adjournment) on Tues- 
day next, be continued to Wednesday the nineteenth Day of 



240 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

May next at ten of the clock beforenoon — then to be held 
at the Dwelling House of M' Moses Pearson at Falmouth; — 
The Petitioner causing the s'^ Proprietors to be notified of 
this Order — by Publishing the same in the next Publick 
Prints, & by Posting a Notification hereof in some Publick 
Place in Falmouth — fourteen Days before the Day hereby 
assigned for holding s*^ meeting 

Sent down for Concurrence Fra : Foxcrof t g Order 

In the House of Rep^«« April 23, 1742 

Read and Concur'd J Hobson Sp'^'^ 

Consented to W Shirley 



At a Legal Town Meeting held at Berwick May y^ 20*** 
1742 Voted that there shall be a Meeting house built above 
the River to accommodate the People in General. / Voted 
that the Meeting house shall be built betwixt Humphry 
Chadbourns house and Roger Plaisteds house. / Voted 
Roger Plaisted Deacon Libby and William Keey Shall be a 
Committee to appoint a place and to agree for the Land for 
to Set the Meeting house upon at the Towns charge if need 
be. / voted the charge of building the meeting house 
Shall be paid in boards Shingle Clapboard and Staves at a 
convenient Landing place. 

Voted one thousand pounds Shall be Raised to defray the 
charge of building the Meeting house. Voted the above 
Sum is meant old Tenor. 

Berwick may y^ 20*^ 1742 Wee the Subscribers do enter 
our Decent against the building a Meeting house in s*^ 
Town : Unless S*^ house is Set where it will accommodate 
the upper when we Shall devide, and if that vote can be 
obtain'* we are ready and willing to Joyn our proportion, for 
we apprehend that If S** house is Set to accomodate the whole 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 241 

Town as they Say. In our opinion it will in a few years be 
the means to make three parishes when two is Sufficient and 
therefore pray that a minute be made by the Clerk of this 
offer : Elisha Plaisted John Hill Richard Lord Samuel Lord 
Joseph Hodsden William More Thomas Goodwin Elisha 
Hill John Frost John Thomson John Lord John Hooper jun. 
Abraham Lord Samuel Nason Benjamin Nason Daniel 
Wadlin Philip Hubberd Samuel Lord jun John Hooper 
Richard Shackley jun Jonathan Abbot Aaron Abbot Ichabod 
Goodwin William Hight Samuel Abbot Timothy Davis 
Uriah Page 

The above persons appear*^ in the Town meeting held at 
the meeting house this day and enters their Desents against 
all the votes Relating to the building a meeting house in 
Said Town Attest Hump Chadbum Town Clerk 

A true Coppy of Record Attest Hump. Chadburn Town 
Clerk 



Petition. 

To His Excellency William Shirley Esq; Capt: Gen^ & 
Governour in Chief in & Over Ms Majesty's Province of 
the Massachusetts Bay in New England, To the Hon' 
his Majesty's Council & the Hon' House of Representa- 
tives in Gen' Court Assembled. May 26, 1742. 
The Petition of Us the Subscribers, being Settlers of the 
Narrhagansett Grant Number One 
Humbly Shews 

That Whereas the Township Number One of the Narrha- 
gansett Grants, Lying on the Back Scarborough & Biddeford 
& on the North East Side of Saco River, was granted to 
some of your Petitioners, & those whom y® Rest of Us repre- 
sent, together with a Number of Others, who were all equally 

16 



242 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

with Us obliged to fulfill certain Terms & Conditions of Set- 
tlement within the Term of seven Years from the Date of s* 
Grant ; As by a Copy thereof, hereto annexed may appear ; 
Which Sd Term of Years is long since expired. Yet none 
of sd Grantees have fulfilled y® sd Conditions of the sd Grant, 
except such of y" Pet^* only as were Grantees, & those whom 
the Rest of Us Represent — Who have by Reason of the 
Negligence, & Default of the sd Delinquent Grantees been 
put to very extraordinary Costs & Charges in Carrying on 
Our Settlements thus far, — have been obliged to live without 
any Settled Publick Worship of God among Us — School for 
our Children — Publick Buildings or Necessary Fortifica- 
tions : Whereby Our own Lives & the Lives of our Families 
with our Substance have been in continual Jeopardy, in this 
exposed Frontier, & our Children under the Disadvantage of 
a Wilderness Education : Which y° Pet : shou'd in no wise 
have Submitted to, had we not expected, that the Rest of the 
admitted Settlers wou'd have been obliged to fulfil the Sd 
Terms of their sd Grants ; Yet after our repeated Invitations 
& Intreaties, Y'' Pet have not had the Happiness of seeing 
any of our sd Partners making any Improvements on, or 
attempt to comply with y® Terms of their s*^ Grants ; And 
they living mostly at a Distance, & having so long refused. — 
Y° Pet have no Reason to think They will by any Means be 
compell'd to it — And unless there be Other Settlers admitted 
in their Room, We shall be obliged to leave Our Habitations 
very soon, & yield up our Improvements to the wild Beasts 
or Salvage Natives. ~ Y° Pet" therefore humbly pray Y° 
Excellency & Honours wou-d take the Case of Y° Distressed 
Petif under Y" Wise & Impartial Consideration, & Order 
the Lots of the sd Delinquent Settlers to be declared for- 
feited — And that Others may be admitted in their Stead — 
wlio may be compelled to Settle in as Short a Time as pos- 
sible. Or Otherwise grant Us Such Relief as to Your Great 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 248 

Wisdom & Goodness shall seem meet — & Y° Pet. ( as in 
Duty bound ) shall ever pray &c 

Robert Brooks Magnes Redlen M [obliterated] 

John Davis Jun'' Nathanael Durel John Brooks 

Ichabod Auston Nathan Whitney James Jun"^ 

Joseph Woodman Samuel Ingalls Samuel Chase 
In the House of Rep^" June 12 1742 

Read and Ordered that the Pet" serve the Clerk of the 
Prop" or Grantees with a Copy of this Pef" that they shew 
cause if any they have on the second tuesday of the next fall 
Session why the respective Rights of the delinquent Gran- 
tees should not be declared Void 
Sent up for concurrence 

T. Gushing Spkr 
In Council June 14, 1742 Read & Concur'd 

J Willard Secry 
Consented to W Shirley 

In Council, Dec. 16, 1742 Whereas this Court is informed 
that there is a Meeting appointed of y® Grantees or Propriet" 
of the new Township mentioned in this Petion in order to 
their proceeding effectually to fulfill the Conditions of the 
Grant, 

Ordered that this Petition be refer'd to the second Tues- 
day of the next May Session for further Consideration 

Sent down for Concurrence J Willard Secry 

In the House of Rep'^" Dec^ 16 1742 

Read and Concur'd T Gushing Spk' 

Consented to, W Shirley 



To his Excellency William Shirley Esq Cap* Gen^ Govern- 
our in Chief, in & Over his Majesty's Province of the 
Massachusetts Bay in New England To the Hon* his 



244 DOCUMENTAHY HISTORY 

Majesty's Council & the Hon^ House of Representatives 
in Gen^ Court assembled, May. 26. 1742. 

The Petition of Us the Subscribers, Inhabitants of Bidde- 
ford & Scarborough 
Humbly Shews 

That whereas this Hon^ Court did in the Year 1733 grant 
to a Company of Naragansett soldiers a Township, lying on 
the Easterly Side of Saco River, adjoyning partly to Bidde- 
ford & partly to Scarborough afores*^, called Narrhagansett 
Township, Number One, under certain Conditions of Settle- 
ment to be compleated, within the Term of seven Years from 
that Date ; As by a Copy of sd Grant & Plann annexrd may 
appear, which Terai of Years is long ago expired : Yet not 
above Ten or a Dozen of the sd Grantees, have made any 
Beginning towards Settling their Lotts in sd Township, & 
sundry of those who did seasonably begin to Settle & improve 
the Same ; have left their Settlements, by Reason ( as You„ 
Pet* humbly conceive) of the Backwardness of the Other 
Grantees. And whereas the Land contain'd in sd Grant, is 
capable of Making a Good Town ; were there People admitted 
& encouraged to go upon & improve the Same — The Want 
of which is a Great Detriment, not only to the Towns whereto 
we belong, but also to all the Rest of y^ Towns, & Settle- 
ments, in this Eastern Frontier — And Y° Pet^ having been 
for some Years past employ'd in getting Masts for his Maj- 
esty's Service, were necessitated to expend considerable Costs 
& Labour, in Clearing Roads, making Bridges & Causeys &c 
in & near sd Township, which will be of great Advantage in 
Settling the Same ; And Y° Pet* having met with considerable 
Losses & Discouragements in the Business of Masting; & 
being desirous to assist m bringing forward a regular & defen- 
sible Town, in this Exposed Frontier — We beg Leave to 
pray — That Y*' Excellency & Hon" would in Y° Great 
Wisdom & Goodness take effectual Care, That the Grantees 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 



245 



admitted into sd Township, who have not Settled their Lots 
according to the Conditions of their Grant may be declared 
delinquents & their Lots forfeited — & that Y° Pet* or as 
many of Us, as there may be Room for, may be admitted as 
Settlers in their Steads, under such Conditions, as may effect- 
ually secure the Speedy Settlement of the sd Township. — 
And Y° Pet^ ( as in Duty bound ) shall ever pray &c 

Joseph Fabyan 



Sam" Haines 
Edward Milliken 
Sam" Car 
Edmund Ward 
Abraham Tyler 
John Babb 
John Norman 
Nath" Milliken 
Timothy Haines 
Robert Mmison 
James Tyler 
Royall Tyler 
Samuel Walker 
Joh Starbird 
Timothy Carll 
Jonathan Libby 
George Parcher 
Jolm Harmon 
John Thompson 
John Eldon 



John Fabyan 
Jethro Starbird 
John bragg 
Benjmen Foss 
Robert Au_ [sic] 
Joseph Munson 
Nathan Knights 



Elliot Vaughan 
Dominicus Scamman 
Benjamin Joy 
Richard Berry 
James Berrey 
Wilhara Berey 
Job Roberts 



Job Bwrnwn Juner John R [sic] 
Elisha Berre Jacob Davis 



Thomas Burnom 
Martyn Jose 
Daniell Bumum 
Rich^d Dresser 
John Coulbroth 
Sam" Small Jun'^ 
Daniel Feild 
Nathaniell Harmon 
Paul Thompson 
Joseph Foss 
Fergus Haggen 



Edward Ramry 
Moses Durel 
Charles Ha [sic] 
Sam" Carll 
Josiah Libby 
Nathnel Finlayson 
Samuel Harmon 
Ban Richards 
Walter Foss 
William Goold 
Thomas [sic] 



Hannah Pitman 

In the House of Rep^^" June 12, 1742 
Read and Ordered that Cap* Samuel Haines Serve the Clerk 
of the Proprietors or Grantees with a Copy of this Pet° that 
they shew cause if any they have on the Second tuesday of 
the next ffall Session why the Respective Rights of the 



246 DOCUMBNTAHY HISTORY 

delinquent Prop" or Grantees should not be declared forfieted. 

Sent up for concurrence. T. Gushing Spk'r 

In Council June 14, 1742. Read & Goncur'd 

J Willard Secry 
Consented to W Shirley 

In Council, Dec. 16 1742. 

Whereas this Court is informed that there is a Meeting 
appointed of the Grantees or Proprietors of the new Town- 
ship mentioned in this Petition, in order to their proceeding 
ei3:ectually to fulfill the Conditions of this Grant, 

Ordered that this Petition be referd to the second Tuesday 
of tlie next May Session for further Consideration. 

Sent down for concurrence. J Willard Secry 

In the House of Rep^^" Dec 16, 1742. Read and Goncur'd 

T Gushing Spk' 

Consented to W Shirley 



Vote. 

In the House of Representatives June 16, 1742 
Voted that the following Message be sent up to his Excel- 
lency the Gapt General Viz* 
May it please your Excellency 

The House have Considered your Excellencys Message of 
yesterday concerning the Strengthening the Garrison of 
Brunswick, but they do not apprehend that the Advantages 
of that Garrison to the Government, or the Burthensomeness 
of the Services required of the Soldiers do at present demand 
any Augmentation thereof 

T Gushing Spk"r 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 247 

Prov : of the Mass*^ Bay- 
To his Excellency W^ Shirly Esq' Cap* Gen" & Govern' in 
Chief in & over said Province and to y* Hon^'* y^ Council 
& House of Representatives in Gen" Court Assembled 
May 1742 
The Petition of y« Subscribers Inhabitants of y* Town of 
Berwick in y^ County of York withm y^ Province aforesaid 
humbly sheweth 

That y® said Town is so situated as that One Meeting 
house Cannot long Accommodate the whole town & when y^ 
Lands shall be more Settled & Subdued it will be Convenient 
& Necessary that the Town should be Divided into two Par- 
ishes, Especially if Peace be Continued & people Settle the 
out Lands as they have done since y® last Indian Warr the 
Greatest Number of Inhabitants will be at such a Distance 
from the Place of Publick worship where it now is or that 
they Cannot Attend y® Publick worship without great Diffi- 
culty many living at this time five six seven & some near 
about Eight Miles Distant as y^ roads are from y^ Meeting 
house The Petit" Pray leave further to State that the Meet- 
ing House Now Standing is on y® Ministry Lands very Con- 
veniently placed for y* Inhabitants of y® first or Lower parish 
whenever y® Town shall be divided into two Parishes and 
another Meeting house if Built in s"^ Town Ought ( as your 
Petit" think ) to be built at Least four or five Miles Distant 
from that which now is, that So it may be Convenient not 
only for y® New Settlem** that now are but also such as will 
be made & are Daily Makeing — Your Peti" being mostly 
Inhabitants of that part of y® Town which must be y® Lower 
Parish ( if ever there be two in y* To\\Ta ) and are willing to 
build a Meeting house amongst y* New Settlements & sup- 
port a Mmister of y^ Gospell at the Towns Charge untill 
there shall be a Sufficient Number of Inhabit*^ able to Support 
A Minister by & amongst themselves yet so it is that a 



248 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Number of the Inhabitants have prevailed at a Town Meeting 
in said Berwick on y® 20*^ of May Ins* to have a Vote Passed 
to have a Meeting-built to Accomodate the People in Gen- 
erall to be built betwixt y® house of Hump : Chadbourne Esq' 
& M' Roger Plaisted House which Must be within about 
one Mile & half or two Miles Distant from y® Meeting house 
that Now is and will be at least five or six Miles from Many 
New Settlem** that now are in Said Town & will not Accom- 
odate either Parrish — (if ever there should be two ) and 
will utterly Destroy y" Meeting house that now Stands in y® 
Most Convenient place & where y* Publick worship has been 
performed for fifty years or more & where y** Most Publick 
place is & y® Antient Settlem** in y^ town are & to which y® 
Ministry Lands are Most near & Convenient — Moreover as 
y® Cost of building A Meeting house is very Considerable & 
should be Contrived as to Accomodate y® people & place for 
many years to Come Yet the place where this House is 
appointed to be built will not be Convenient for y^ New Set- 
tlements or for y® Old Settlem** but Contrived by some whose 
Conveniency ( and they may think y^ Publick Good of y* 
Town ) will be thereby Suited — But Certainly it will be to 
y^ Great Hurt of both Ends and General Good of y^ Town 
as your Petit" Conceive And it being a Matter of Great 
Importance & Consequence to y® Town it tends Much to y® 
Peace & welfare of y® Inhabitants that Now are & will be in 
time to Come to have a Meeting house placed where it can- 
not Possibly be Otherwise but Most convenient your Petit" 
therefore Most humbly pray that this Great & Gen^^ Court 
out of their Great wisdom and Justice will be pleased to take 
y* Premisses & y^ dangerous State and Condition of the 
Town into their Compassionate Consideration & in order to 
prevent that Evil which our Brethren intend and are about 
to do ) Tho Perhaps they may think best for ) the Town — 
that this Court will be pleased to Interpose in this affair & 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



249 



send a Com**"* to view y* Town & y® Situation roads & rivers 
& report their Opinion Concerning y* Same to this Hon^^® 
Court at what time this Court shall order both as to y^ places 
suitable for Meeting houses & Dividing lines ( or to Divide 
y^ Town into two Parishes if y** Gen" Court shall think best ) 
or grant to your Petit" relief in y® Premises as this Great & 
Gen" Court shall in their Great Wisdom & Justice think 
fit — And that any further Proceedings relateing to the 
building A New Meeting house may be Stayed in the mean 
time and your Petif^ as in Duty bound shall pray &c 

We Desire that M"" Noah Emery May be Accepted in our 
Names to prefer this Petit" to y^ Great & Gen" Court at 
Boston — 

Philhp Hubbard 

Will Goodm 



John Cherryson 

his 

Nathan X Lord 

mark 

Joseph Hubbard Simon Lord 
John Hupper jun" Tho* Goodin jun'' 



F Spencer 
John Cooper 
Jos : Hodsdon 
Rich*^ Hodsdon 
John Lord 

Tho^ Hodsdon 

John Hill 

his 

Tho* X Bragdon 

mark 

Aaron Abbot 

Step" Wood 
Ich'i Goodin 
John Hodsdon j' 
W" Hiofht 



Abr* Lord 
Job Emery 
John Cooper j"" 
Rich'* Lord 
Sam" Hodsdon 

his 

Tho' Hearl ja-j 

mark 

Sam" Nason 
W™ Moore 

his 

Daniel X Hunt 

mark 

Sam" Gatchel 
Adam Lord 
Elisha Hill 
John Stockbridfire 



his 

Taylor Goodin x Aaron Goodin 

bis mark 

John Nason x Moses Gray 

mark 



Jn° ffrost 

Dan" Wadlin 

Tho^ Lord 
Benj"^ Lord 
Jn° Goodin Jun' 
Sam" Hodsdon j"^ 
Jabez Emery 
Moses Goodin jun' 
John Lord 

Rich'* Shackerly j' 

John Tompson jun' 

Eben' Abbot X 

mark 

Tho^ Goodin 

Walter Abbot 
Benj*^ Chadboum 
Aaron Lord 
Elisha Plaisted 

Benj^ Nason 

his 

Sam" Lord L 

mark 



250 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



W"» Spencer 
Benj^'* Lord 

his 

Rich'^ Nason x 

mark 

Rich'^ Shackerly 
John Hupper 

bis 

Atherton Hearl X Moses Spencer 

mark 



James Plaisted 
Samii Abbot 

Uriah Page 

Elias Grant 

Sam" Lord jun'^ 



Joshua Plaisted 
Gilbert Hearl 

James Lord 

his 

Nathan x Goodin 

mark 

Joseph Jelleson 



In the House of representatives June 4. 1742, read & 
Ordered that M' Clark & M' Perkins with such as the Hon'''" 
Board shall joyn be a Com**® to repair to y* Said Town inquire 
into the Situation & Circumstances thereof & report what 
they Judge proper for this Court to do thereon at their next 
Session and that the Town be Directed to Suspend in y® 
Mean time any further Proceeding in building a Meeting 
house, The Cost and Charge of said Com'^® to be Defrayed 
by the Petitioners 

Sent up for Concurrence T Cushing Speak' 

In Council June 4 1742 read & Concur'd & Jer: Moulton 
Esq'' is Joyn'd in y® affair J Willard Sec"" 

Consented to W Shirley 

Copy Exam*^ g J. Willard Sec"^ 
York ss June & July 1742 1 have read y® foregoing Order 
of Court to Mess""^ Peter Grant Jos : Hart & Gilbert Warren 
Selectmen of Berwick & to Mess'* Benf Libby & W™ 
two of their Com**® 

g Caleb Emery Dep* Sheriff 

N. B The whole Petit" was read to two of y® said Select 
men viz* Jos. Hart & Gilbert Warren g Caleb Emery 

Copy. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 251 

Q-ov'^ Shirley to the DuJce of Newcastle. 

Boston N. Engl*^ Aug^ 30. 1742 
My Lord Duke 

Since I had the Honour of writing my last to 
your Grace, I have visited the Eastern parts of this Province 
at the distance of about sixty Leagues by Sea with the sev- 
eral Forts there, and have had an Interview and Treaty with 
the Penobscott and other Indian Tribes bordering on those 
Settlements ~ These Tribes by means of some Intermarriages 
of the French among 'em and French Missionaries being con- 
stantly resident with 'em at their Head Quarters in the 
Woods, who thereby gain an Influence over 'em from their 
Childhood, are always so far in the French Interest as to 
take their part in tmio of War, and sometimes by their 
Instigation enter into War with the Enghsh in a time of 
peace between the two Crowns, upon which Occasions they 
have ever broke up our Frontier Eastern Settlements and 
destroy'd many Families, and kept the Province in a con- 
tinual Alarm ; And as the only hold which this Government 
has had upon 'em, has been to supply 'em with a Trade upon 
cheaper Terms than the French can, it has ever been its 
Policy to maintain Truck or Trading Houses in their Neigh- 
bourhood in order to keep 'em dependent upon us for their 
Cloathing, Corn Rum and other Provisions and Necessaries ; 
These Circumstances have made it thought advisable upon 
the Accession of a new Governour that a good Understand- 
ing and Friendship should be renew'd and cultivated with 
'em by his having an Interview and Conference with 'em, 
and hearing and redressing their Complaints, which I 
thought the more necessary at this Crisis, when an Expecta- 
tion of a French War had in a great measure prepared 'em 
for a Rupture with us, and the English Settlements there, 
which had before begun to grow very fast, had been of late 
at a stand thro' some Discouragements from this Government 



252 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

in the latter part of M'' Belcher's administration, which 
had made 'em doubtful of the protection of the Government, 
and had prevented M' Touberbhuker ( who had then lately 
carried 500 Families out of the Swiss Cantons to Georgia) 
from transporting 100 protestant FamiHes more of 'em to 
make a Settlement in these parts, as he had in 1735 con- 
tracted with M' Waldo to do. 

At former Interviews, and particularly in the times of 
Gov"^ Shute, Lieuten^ Gov" Dummer and M"^ Belcher, these 
Tribes have taken the State upon 'em of making the English 
Governours stay two or three Days before they would wait 
upon 'em after their arrival at the places of Treaty, and 
constantly made Attempts to treat under French Colours at 
their first appearance ; but I had the satisfaction to have the 
Chiefs of the several Tribes wait upon me, as soon as they 
could assemble, after notice of my Arrival in S* George's 
River, on board the Province Galley before my Landing, 
with a British Union Flagg at the Head of their Canoes, 
under which they contmued to treat all the time of the Con- 
ference ; and to receive from 'em as strong Expressions and 
assurances of peace and Friendship to the English as they 
could profess : All which together with a persuasion, which 
the Settlers in those parts now have : that the Government 
of the Province will afford 'em equal protection with its 
other Inhabitants, may, I hope, have a good Effect upon the 
Eastern Settlements, which were before in danger of bemg 
abandon'd, and which if well peopled and cultivated will in 
time prove the most valuable part of the province, as they 
have a richer Soil and more capable of producing all manner 
of Grain and most kinds of Naval Stores than the Western 
parts of the County, and will be a considerable Curb upon 
the French Settlements. 

After the Treaty with the Indians I view'd the several 
Forts in those parts, three of which, viz* the Forts at S* 



OF THE STATE OF MAESTE 263 

Georges, Richmond, and Fort Frederick at Pemmaquid, 
which last had been dismantl'd for three or four years in 
Gov"" Belcher's time, are now near being well repair'd in a 
very strong, defensible manner, particularly the Fort at 
pemmaquid, the Rebuilding of which has been given in 
charge to all his Maj'''® Governours in his Royal Instructions 
almost ever since it was demolish'd by the French, is now 
rebuildmg with Stone. And the whole Country, in which 
are many strong, Garrison'd private Houses, will, I hope, be 
soon in a Condition to defend themselves in case of a War. 

I should have mentioned it to your Grace in my last that 
in Obedience to his Maj*y^ 7"^ Instruction to me the Stile of 
the Acts of the General Court is now alter'd from - Be it 
enacted by his Excellency the Governour Council and House 
of Representatives in General Court assembled and by the 
Authority of the same to - Be it enacted by the Governour 
Council and House of Representatives ; which Stile will be 
duely observ'd in all future Acts : But some few were pass'd 
at first in the old Stile thro' Inadvertency, which are trans- 
mitted home for his Maj*^* Approbation, and I hope will not 
be disallow'd on that Account. 

I am with the most DutifuU Regards My Lord Duke Your 
Grace's most Obedient & most Devoted, Humble Servant 

W. Shirley 



Report. 

In Obedience to the Order of the General Court of the 
fourth of June 1742, We the Committee to whom was 
Referred the Petition of Several of the Inhabitants of the 
Town of Berwick Relating to their Meeting house having 
Repaired to the said town and Viewed the Several parts 
thereof & the Situation of the Inhabitants & heard all the 



254 DOCUMENTAHY HISTORY 

parties therein Concerned. Agree Humbly to Report 1. 
That the Old Meeting house now standing being in the place 
where the Publick Worship of God has hitherto been per- 
formed in said Town & so Conveniently Situated as that the 
Ancient Setlers Inhabitants who Built & kept it in Time of 
War and Dificulty ought Still to keep it since if they shou"* 
but go but One Mile & half to North of the said Meeting 
house are Sufficient of themselves for a parish We therefore 
Judge it Unreasonable that the same shou^ be Demolished 
but that it Ought still to be maintained in the same place 
2. We find that since the last Indian Warr and said Town 
hath made very Considerable Improvements with great Pains 
& Industry & Settled so farr towards the Upper End of the 
Town in the Several parts & Roads thereof that We appre- 
hend the said Town may in Time be Seperated into Two 
parishes But at present We are Humbly of Opinion its best 
to Continue in One Body. And if the Inhabitants shall 
agree so to do & keep together & the Lower part of the 
Town do as they have and still Offer to do, that is to Assist 
the Upper part in Building a Meeting house & Supporting 
a Minister to Accomodate the new Settlements or Upper End 
of the Town we think and Judge their Offer to be very Rea- 
sonable And inasmuch as the Now Meeting house will not 
hold all the Inhabitants of said Town & Since Some of the 
Upper part of the Inhabitants thereof Travil a great Way to 
Meeting as has been Represented in the Petition We are 
Humbly of Opinion that their be another Meeting house 
Built in said Upper part of the Town where it will best 
accomodate the Inhabitants of the said Upper part of the 
Town so that it be above Capt Chadbourns in a Convenient 
place where they shall agree, Wherefore upon the whole 
We humbly Conceive it will be much for the future peace & 
well being of the Town that the said Town be Directed to 
keep the Now Meeting house in Repair & Build a New One 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 265 

where it will best Accomodate the Inhabitants above Capt 
Humphry Chadbourns in the Spot where they shall agree 
All which is Humbly Submitted 

By Order of the Committee Jer Moulton 

In Council Sept 9^^^ 1742 Read & Ordered that the Con- 
sideration of this Report be referred to the next Session; 
and that all proceedings relating to the Building a Meeting 
house be further Suspended till that Time 

Sent down for Concurrence J Willard Secry 

In the House of Representatives Sept 9*** 1742 Read & 
Concur'd T Cushing Spk' 

Consented to W Shirley 

In Council December 24, 1742 Read & Ordered that this 
Report be Accepted - 

Sent down for Concurrence J Willard Secry 

In the House of Representatives Decem 24. 1742 Read 
& Concurred T Cushing Spk'^ 

Consented to W Shirley 

Copy Exam*^ g J Willard Secry 



Gov^ Shirley to the Duke of Newcastle. 

Boston New England Sep*-" 15"^ 1742. 
My Lord Duke, 

In my Letter to your Grace of the SO*** of 
Aprill I mention'd the Consternation and Distress, which the 
Effects of the Act of Parliament lately made for suppressing 
the Land Bank or Manufactory' Company had occasion'd to 
such of the Directors and Partners, as had in Obedience to 
the act brought in their Quota of Manufactory Bills, to be 
consumed ; inasmuch as they still remain'd exposed by the 
Act to satisfy the Demands of the Possessors of all the other 
Bills, and for want of doing it to incurr the penalty of a 



256 DOCUMENTABY HISTORY 

premunire, without having any Remedy against those dis- 
honest Partners, who stood out in defiance to the Law ; And 
that to relieve such persons as much as may be without 
interfering with the Act of Parliament, I had upon their 
earnest Petition form'd and proposed an Order, which after- 
wards pass'd the General Court, and I hoped would con- 
tribute towards bringing in the other Partners to do their 
Duty by a Compliance with the Act : Since which that Order 
has had the Effect to reduce the Outstanding Bills, which 
amounted to the Sum of X 49250 Lawful Money, to about 
£11000, and brought in upwards of six hundred of the Part- 
ners to Comply with the Act of Parliament ; and in order to 
give the finishing Stroke to the whole Scheme b}^ compelling 
the Delinquent partners to redeem and bring in the Remain- 
(ler of the Outstandmg Bills to be consumed, I have this day 
given Orders to those Partners, who have done their duty, 
to cause Demands to be made and Actions commenc'd 
against the most Refactory of the Delinquent partners, in 
order to bring 'em within the penalties of the Act of Parlia- 
ment upon their persisting to stand out against it, and caus'd 
an Order of Council to be pass'd directing the Attorney 
General to prosecute 'em forthwith; which Steps will, I 
doubt not, now put an End to this pernicious Scheme ; tho 
they might some Months ago have probably been attended 
with Disorder and other ill Consequences. 

To apprize your Grace fully of the late dangerous Ten- 
dency of this Scheme it will be necessary to observe to your 
Grace that the late Land Bank Company consisted of 
between eight and nine hundred partners, chiefly Country- 
men, and of some landed Estate ; That the Merchants, 
whilst the Company was forming, made Application to M*' 
Belcher then Governour to prevent it ; But upon his not 
taking those Steps which he had promis'd 'em to do, they 
applied to his Majesty in Council for Redress against the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 257 

Scheme ; M' Belcher being alann'd at this proceeding of the 
Merchants exerted himself by turning many of those, who 
were concern'd in the Scheme, out of Publick Posts; But 
these Efforts of his coming too late after large Quantities of 
the Bills were emitted and dispers'd all over the Province, 
and when those Persons, whom he turn'd out, were really so 
engaged by Covenants and Arguments ( which the other 
partners would not release 'em from ) that it was not then in 
their power to extricate themselves, serv'd only to exasperate 
the People, and begot so Malignant a Spirit in 'em that the 
Company and other Abettors of the Scheme became almost 
formidable to this Government. 

But as the Quantity of the Outstanding Manufactory Bills 
is now so much reduced, and the Currency stopp'd and the 
Partners so divided and broke among themselves that the 
Delinquent ones are not an inconsiderable party, a rigorous 
Execution of the Act of Parliament grounded upon the 
Complaint of those, who have comply'd with it, against their 
Delinquent Partners is now the best Method to subdue those, 
who have hitherto stood out against the Act, and will, I 
doubt not, effectually do it - And, I think, I may now assure 
your Grace that this Scheme will have been so timely 
destroy'd, that not one honest Man will suffer much by it, 
And in the mean time, I have had the Satisfaction to find 
those Members of the House of Representatives, whose 
Relation to the Land Bank Scheme made it expected that 
they would have been in opposition to the Measures of the 
Government, have been brought to concurr in and promote 
his Maj*''^ Service in several considerable points, which had 
never been before gain'd from former Assemblies ; And that 
the Difficulties of the Province, which the House of Repre- 
sentatives in their Address upon my first coming into the 
Chair tell me they were much concern'd that my accession to 
the Government should be attended with - But that they must 

17 



258 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

not despair of the Commonwealth are surmounted; and a gen- 
eral Tranquility and Satisfaction to which this Province has 
been an utter Stranger for these many years past, seems to be 
happily establish'd among the People. 

Since my last to your Grace I have obtain'd further Grants 
of Money from the General Courts for finishing the Forts in 
the Eastern Parts of the Province, and have prevail'd on 
them to take some steps towards providing for the Mainten- 
ance of a Chaplain in Fort Frederick at Pemmaquid, which I 
hope will be compleated at their next Session, and will per- 
fect the Establishment of that Fort — And upon being 
inform'd that the French Government in Canada have lately 
refus'd to permit any English to walk their Streets at Que- 
bec, but had confined some to their Rooms, who attempted 
to come there, I gave Orders for the like Confinement of the 
French Men, who were in this Town, and for their Departure 
out of the Province in five days ; Before which I prohibited 
those only from coming into the Province, who were sus- 
pected to come with a View of Illicit Trade or some other ill 
purpose. 

M"" Plumptre has communicated 3^our Grace's Commands 
to me concerning M'' Willard the Secretary of this province ; 
I had before taken the liberty to write in his Favour to your 
Grace ; and your Grace's Commands will add to the Attach- 
ment which his own Merit had given me to him. 

I am with the most DutifuU Regards My Lord Duke Your 
Grace's most Obedient & most Devoted, Humble Servant 

W Shirley. 

Letter Joseph Plaisted to Sam^ Waldo Esq. 

Sir York October IG^^^ 1742 

According to your Disier I have ben with M"" 
Emmery and it is his opmion that thare Dont by any acion 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 259 

on y** accompt of y*' Bills of sale against y® men Nither doth 
he thinke by y® Laws of y® Seas you have any Just Rite to 
y^ Bots so as to Come at tham because thay Niver ware 
Disposesd of tham and he sas not with standing y* Bills of 
sale if you ware a mind to have held tham you should have 
made a Demand of tham within three years ) he think it will 
be best to sue by your notes, or accounts I have Sent to 
Gains I have allso bin with Stapels y^ Nowells and others 
hold thare best high Prise : I am a fraid we shan* be able to 
Git it under Eight pence p'' pound and for that I do think 
we Can Git five or six yoke of oxen : y® Buter I was speking 
to you about m'' Gibbs Came while I was with you and Got 
it a way and bough^ more at other plases and offer'^ three 
shillings p" pond bu*^ I have Go' sum of yours and think I 
Can Git y® Res* and that which is Good Sir I Desire a line 
from you as sune as may be : and in y" mene time I shall do 
y*' best I Can in y® whole afare for you ) I have seen morrill 
and have Re*^ Thirty Pounds of him on y^ account of y*^ 
Bond which is all he Can pay at Presan* y® Bond is no' ou' 
this ten days this is wha' ofers at Presant from your Humble 
Sarvn* Joseph Plaisted 

To Sam^i ^y^i^jo Esqr 



Copy of Record. 

At a Legall Meeting of y*" Proprietors of the Narraganset 
Township : no : one held at Cap' Joseph Hales Inholder at 
Newbury on y« 20"> day of October A D : 1742. 

M' Daniel Hale was Chosen Moderator for said meeting. 

Joseph Gerrish & John Greenleaf Esq'"s were Chosen and 
impower'd a Com'^^ to Represent y® Proprietors of sd Town- 
ship at the next sitting of the Great & Generall Court or 
assembly of his majesties Province of y® Massachusetts bay 



260 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

in New England then & there offer reasons in Behalf of said 
Propri*s why the prayer of s'' Petition Signed by Eliot 
Vaughan & others ( Relating to a Township Called no- one 
Lying on Saco river Dated May y*" 26"' 1742) Should not be 
granted, 

A true Coppy taken out of the Propri^s book on October 
the 28^'^ A. D. 1742 

attest Joseph Coffin Prop' Clerk 

These are to Sertify any pearson to Whom it may Concearn 
that the subscriber was the week before Last on the township 
which was Layd out to the narrowgansit Soulers Cauled num- 
ber one Lying on the East Syde of Soco Riuer and I Saw a 
Sawmill Erected on sd tounship which the millrights informed 
me that thay Desined to get it to go in three or fore Days 
and I saw five Houses Erected and I was informed that there 
where Severel More Scattering a Bought in the township. 
Dated Rowley November: 17^'^ 1742 Nath" Mighill 

Essex ss November 18*'^ 1742 
Then the within Named Nathanael Mighill Personaly 
apeared and made Oath to the Truth of the within writen 
before me John Hobson Justice of Peace 



Extract of Letter from (xov. Shirley to the Lord President. 

Boston Nov' 1^* 1742. 
As M' Kilby has inform'd me that the Lords of the Com- 
mittee of Council have consider'd province's petition to his 
INLajy for Cannon &c* to supply the New Battery at Castle 
William, ( without which that Castle will not be a sufficient 
protection to y^ Province against an Enemy ) and that y® 
chief Impediments to the Success of y® petition are y® 
province's Neglect to repair Pemmaquid Fort, ( the doing of 
which has indeed been particularly given in charge ever 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 261 

since its Demolition by the French to every one of his Maj^^ 
Governours here by his Royal Instruction ) to pay 500 for y® 
same Number of Fusils sent to y^ province in 1704 ; I would 
beg leave to inform your Lordship as to Femmaquid Fort, 
that I have taken effectual Care concerning the Repairs of it, 
which upon a view I find are already near two thirds com- 
pleated with Stone work in a very defensible manner, & will 
be finished early in the Summer, I having obtaind a sufficient 
Sum at y" last Session of y^ Gen^ Court for that particular 
Service, & made some Advance towards getting a Chaplain 
Settled there, so that I dare undertake for the finishing of 
the Works at the Fort & the thorough Establishment of the 
Garrison by Summer, which I hope will induce their Lord- 
ships of y® Committee to overlook past Neglects in this 
Matter — 

As to y** Non payment of y® 500 Guineas, I have ( in the 
present Recess of y^ Gen" Court ) orderd y^ Secry to search 
the proceedings of y® Court in that Affair, & to make his 
Report to me thereupon, which I shall transmit to the 
Agents, that they may give their Lordships the best Acco* 
they can of it. And if I might be allowd to be an Intercessor 
with your Lordship & the other Lords of y® Council for the 
province in this particular ; I would observe in it's Favour 
that it has been at avery considerable Expence this last Year 
by several Grants for repairing not only Femmaquid Fort, 
but three other of his Maj^'^ Forts in the Eastern Parts of y*" 
province for it's Defence against y^ Indians & French of 
Canada, as also for erecting Batteries in all the Sea port 
Towns, all which as well as the Fortifications of Castle 
William were a few Months ago in avery defenceless Con- 
dition, & will require further large Sums of Money to com- 
pleate 'em : 

I would presume further to observe to your Lordship that 
y® Gen' Court has by their remarkably free Grants for his 



262 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Majy'* Service in the Expedition ag* y* Spanish West Indies 
considerably increas'd y® Taxes of his Massachusetts Subjects 
within these three Years, & which was done with great Zeal 
& Cheerfuhiess : I would lastly urge in their favour that y® 
great Fishery caiTied on by the Inhabitants of this province 
only & y^ Importance of the Harbour of Boston to his Maj'^'" 
Service, in case a large Armament should be ever sent from 
Great Britain against any of y^ French settlements in North 
America, ( as that port is look'd on by y® French & really is 
the most convenient & Advantagious if not only place of 
Rendezvous in his Maj^^'* Northern Colonies for a consider- 
able Number of Ships & Troops ) would, in case of a Rupture 
with France, expose it more to a visit from the Enemy, on 
acco* of it's Importance to the Interests of his Maj'^'^ British 
Dominions than any other of his Northern Colonies, wliich 
therefore requires that Harbour to be secured in y® best man- 
ner, & may I hope recommend it to his Maj^^^ Favour. 



Falmouth Petition. Nov. 3, 17J^.2. 

To his Excellency William Shirley Esq'' Cap* general & 
governour of his Majesties Province of the Massachusets 
Bay in New England And The Honourable house of 
representatives In General Court now Assembled the 
Petition of the Second or South Parish in Falmouth In 
Casco Bay humbly Sheweth 
That whereas your petitioners by long Tryal and Experi- 
ence do find many difficulties and Inconveniences In being 
but a parish and so part of the Town of Falmouth more par- 
ticularly upon these Two accounts In attending upon the 
Publick meetings of the Town we being Oblidged to pass 
over a river or Arm of the Sea near a mile wide without any 
Ferry or Sufficient number of boats to Convey us Over so 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 263 

that it is next to an Impossibility for the body of our people 
to attend on s*^ meetings and tbe difficult^ is almost as great 
to go by land it being fourteen or fifteen miles travail In a 
bad Road for maney of us and yet we very often find great 
damage accrue to us for want of being present at s'' publick 
meetings. 

On the Account of a School The Town is large and we 
being the lesser parish have not had One months School kept 
among us At the Towns cost for these last Seven year past 
and what Little learning any of Our Children have Obtained 
is by Our Subscriptions when yet at the same time we are 
Oblidged to help Support the Towns School for these And 
Sundry Other reasons that we forbear to mention (seeing 
there is a Competency of Good land In Our parish & a num- 
ber of Inhabitants to Support Town Charges ) we Earnestly 
pray that we may be Erected into a distinct and that the 
bounds of Our parish may be the bounds of the same and we 
your poor Petitioners Shall as In duty bound Ever pray 

Falmouth Nov^' y« Domini Jordan ) ^^^'f ^^^. ^,^^ , 
^. .-.^ ^,^,. ? second parish of 

3'^1742 E^^Cushmg j Falmouth 

In the House of Rep^*« Deo 4 1742 
Read and Ordered that the Pet" serve the Town of Falmouth 
with a Copy of this Pef" that they shew cause if any they 
have on the first fry day of the next May Session why the 
Prayer thereof should not be granted 

Sent up for concurrence T. Cushing Spk' 

In Council Dec"^ 6, 1742 Read & Concur'd 

J Willard Secry 
Consented to 
In the House of Rep«^" June S'^ 1743 
On A Motion made and seconded Voted that this Petition be 
revived and that the Pet" serve the Town of Falmouth with 
a Copy of this Pet" that they shew cause ( if any they have ) 



264 DOCTJMENTAEY HISTORY 

on the first tuesday of the next Sitting of this Court why the 
Prayer thereof should not be granted 

Sent up for concurrence T Gushing Splc'' 

In Council June 3, 1743 Read & Concur'd 
Consented to 



Copies of Record. 

At a Legall meeting of y^ Proprietors of Narragansett 
Township Lying on y® Easterly side of Saco river Called No : 
one s'^ meeting was held at Cap* Joseph Hales in Newbury 
on y^ fifteenth day of June A. D : 1742 

Dea" Aaron Potter was moderator for said meeting Voted 
that their should be Eighteen hundred pounds in bills of 
credit of y° old tenor raisd on y® Proprietos of said Township 
to defrey y® charges in bringing forward said Township more 
Especially to Encourage thirty men of said Proprietors to 
Settle on said township according to the true meaning of the 
Great & Generall Courts act in that case made and provided 
as by Charter may appear y® aforesd Eighteen hundred 
Pounds ( in bills of credit ) shall be assessed Collected & 
paid in to whom it shall be ordered within y® space of six 
months next after y** date hereof & y® person or Persons to 
whom said mony shall be paid shall give sufficient Bond to 
pay out y® same according to the Proprietors order - 
Dea° Sam^^ Moody of Newbury Dea" Aaron Potter of Ips- 
wich & Dea" Francis Pickard of Rowly are Chosen assessors 
for said Proprietors. 

Whereas there hath been & is raised Eighteen hundred 
Pounds of y* old tenor to be paid to thirty of y® Propr'"^ of 
said Township that shall appear & give Bonds to fulfill y® 
Courts order on thirty Propr' shares in sd Township within 
y^ space of six months time next Expiring y^ date hereof 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 265 

the payments to be as followeth ( viz ) one third part at their 
begining to settle & one third part more when they have half 
done their settlement & there other third part when they 
truly fullfilled y^ Great & Generall Courts order to all intents 
& purposes it is to be understood that when y'' aforesd thirty 
have built their houses & cleared & man'^ed their Land 
according to y® Courts order then they shall be Entituled to 
their Last payment upon their giving bonds to keep a family 
in Each house untill the Township be made a towTi & invested 
with town Priviledges or when & so soon as they them or 
either of them have done & finished their settlement he & 
they shall their mony as aforesd they Each of them keeping 
a family in each of their houses untill said township be made 
a town & invested with town Priviledges as aforesaid - 

Voted Stephen Mighill & others in Company Shall build a 
Saw Mill at said Plantation as so as shall be agreed upon by 
y^ said undertakers & a Com^^ Chosen for that servise & are 
to have two hundred Pounds in bills of credit ( old tenor ) 
for their so. 

]VP Sam" Moody Leiu* Nath^ Duiiier Leiu* Joseph Coffin 
are Chosen a Com^® to agree with Stephen Mighill & others 
about said saw mill both on y^ terms of building & sawing & 
when to Resign up said mill to y^ Proprietors. 

A true Coppy taken out of y® Proprietors Book Novera*' 
ye 13th 1742 Attest Joseph Coffin Pro^ Cle' 

At a Legall Meeting of y® Proprietors of - Narragansett 
Township No: one held at Cap* Joseph hales Inholder in 
Newbury on y^ 20*'' Day of October 1742 M"" Daniel Hale was 
Chosen Moderator for said meeting 

Whereas their was a Com*^^ Chosen Some time passd to 
build a Meeting house at y® Township Laid to the Narragan- 
sett Soldiers Called No : One and by reason of y^ talk of a 
french war it is not yet built : it is now voted that the said 



266 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Committee sliall forthwith go on and fully build & Compleat 
said meeting house 

A true Coppy taken out of y" Prop' Book on nov'^ y" 18"' 
A D 1742 

Attest Joseph Coffin Proprietors Clr 

At a Legall Meeting of y** Proprietors of the Township 
Granted to y® Narragansett Soldiers Living in the County of 
York held the 11*^ day of Aprill 1739 ( Called No. 1 -) Cap* 
Nathaniel Myghill was Chosen Moderator 

Voted that the Said Meeting be adjourn'd to Monday to 
y® Eleventh day of June next at one of y*' Clock in y** affter- 
noon 

At said meeting held the 11"' day of June 1739 by adjourn- 
ment, it was voted that Cap* Nath" Mighill M^ Isaac Appleton 
& M"" Sam" Chase or the major part of them be a Committee 
to agree with some person or persons to clear some Land on the 
Westerly End of y® first or second Lotts known by y® Letter 
D in y® fift Division in said Township to build a meeting on, 
for y® Publick Worship of God, of y^ Contents of thirty feet 
Long & twenty six feet wide & nine feet stud of hued tim- 
ber & y® roof to be horded & short shingled & the said Com^^ 
are to have said house well finished fitt to Preach in by the 
Last of September which will be in the year 1740. 

Voted that the said Proprietors shall pay twenty shillings 
a Right for every Right in s*^ Township unto y® Proprietors 
Treasurer on or before the first day of January next after y« 
date hereof & said mony ( or what shall be needf uU ) to be 
drawn out by said Committee to the building the meeting 
house ~ 

Voted to the Committee that went to state a place for a 
meeting house fifteen Pounds in full for their service. 

A true Coppy taken out of the Propr* Book Novemb' y^ 
13*^ A: D: 1742 

Attest Joseph Coffin Prop' Clerk 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 267 

Petition, Nov. 16, 1742. 

To his Excellency William Shii-ley Esq"" Captain General 
and Governour in chief, in, and over his Majesties Province 
of the Massachusetts Bay : &c 

To the Honourable his Majesties Council ; and Represent- 
atives In General Court convened 

May it please your Excelleuc}^, and your Honours. The 
Petition of us the Sub^scribers humbly sheweth. That 
whereas the General Court granted a Township to Sixty 
Petitioners of Glocester five years past ; last June ; on the 
Conditions thereon expressed. Pursuant to s*^ Grant we the 
grantees had a Township «_<<„ adjoyning to North Yarmouth, 

on the back of the Town quantity according to sd Grant ; 

And in complyance with the Order of the great and general 
Court ; Sixty three lotts have been laid out. And last Aprill 
was three years we went to settle s"^ Town. And built y* 
frame of a Saw mill, and cleared eight pieces of land, contain- 
ing about twenty acres. And built a bridge over the River ; 
and cleared a way about twelve miles in length, and twelve 
feet wide: And the Spanish war broke out that Summer, 
which greatly discouraged Us in going on to settle s*^ Town. 
We were under great fears of a French and Indian warr ; 
But this last Septem"" and October have built another great 
Bridge, the Cost of both amounts to two hundred and fifty 
pounds, and in building fifteen lesser bridges the way is so 
good as to go up with a team at y® charge in all about five 
hundred pounds ; We have built a Sawmil which is just ready 
to go ; and have built ten houses, but not covered : and have 
mdented for five houses more which were to be done by this 
time ; have cleared some more land, have got several small 
fields of Rye. And fully intend to settle s'^ Town with all 
convenient speed. Our humble request to the General Court 
is that your Excellency, and your Honours would please to 
give us three years more to compleat the Settlement : with 



268 DOCUMENTARY BZSTORY 

Sufficient and lawfull Power to raise money to carry on 
the Settlement, and defraying all manner of charge that shall 
arise, or has arisen fully to answer the demands of the gov- 
ernment or condition of the grant, as your Excellency and 
your Honours in your great wisdom shall see needfull. 
Which will ever oblige us to pray as in duty bound. 
Dated at Gloucester Phile Warner n 

November 16 Sam" Stevens I Comittee 

1742 Joseph Allen J 

In the House of Ilep^«« Nov 23, 1742 Read and in answer 
hereto Ordered that the Pet" with their associates be allowed 
the further Space of three Years to compleat the Settlement 
herem mentioned Sent up for concurrence 

T Gushing Spk-^ 
In Council Nov'" 25, 1742 Read & Concur'd 

J Willard Secry 
Consented to 



Letter Patt Motley to 
S* Georges River November y« 20''^ 1742. 



S' 



I could not make out but six days worke before we 
wear dismissed y^ sum being soe small my present necesity 
Called for it I am Resolute to make y^ best progress in 
leabour this winter possible I can in ordor Scotts part of y^ 
timber should be paid without drawing of what has been 
dehvered S' if your Hon"^ would please to send me an 
Insines Bearth in this fort I should Gladly turn my leabour 
hear upon this fort and yearly pay into your hands untill I 
had sattisfied your Hon' to y« utmost and would promise to 
beheave my selfe as becoming my Steation S' it is y® want of 
prouision y* hinders a Great deal of leabour in those parts 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 269 

which makes me in my surcumstance at present Begg y^ 
feavour of this request as soon as your Hon' thinks proper 
S'' you promised to send me a few Bushels of meal which I 
shall be in Great want if not sent by y® first oppertunity 
S^ your Complyance to this request will dureing life be 
Acknowledged by your Humble Ser* Patt : Motley 



Letter Jos. Plnuted to Sam'- Waldo Esq^ 

York Nov^' y 26 : 1742 
Honor'^ Sir 

according to your Desier I have ben with m"" 
Holt and m"" Cole about y^ Prise of Salt I Can : git for Four 
Pounds ten Shillmgs p"^ hogist and not under you may have 
five or ten or fifteen if you se Cause : 

Sir I have Sent you one Hundred and two pound of But- 
ter by m' Sam" Black: I have bought y^ other ox of y® 
Nowells that I was speking to you about: Sir you may 
Remember I was speking to you about a Coroner m York 
and I made mentition of m"^ Hanery Simpson Sir if you will 
Think of it yo\x will much oblige your Hum''^® Sarvn*^ 

Jos Plaisted 
To Sam^i Waldo Esq' 

write by y* Sloop about the Hides & Tallow 



Letter James Littell to Sam^ Waldo Esq. 

Broadbay Dec^' 9'*^ 1742 
S' 

This is to Lett Know my Missfortuin Since you wass 
with vs Last y® Ingeneares man Hass Kilt a Steere of mine 
& Settelled with y^ Ingnear aboute Itt he fell a tree on him & 



2Y0 DOCUMENT ABY HISTORY 

Broake bis back tbey Killed bim & Kept bim for nine 
Days & Sent y® 4 Quarters & bide to my House witb 
a Gard of men tbru tbem in & went tbire way now 
body a tome but my wife I would Doo notbing to bim 
vntill I sent to you and Lett you Know about It I bad y^ 
Seere Vallewed by tree men & tbey ware Conted vntill tbe 
Steares Came If tbere is not Metbod taken witb tbem tbey 
May Kill all y® Creaters wee bave Wortby S'' if you please I 
wood willingly bave a Line or too from you S"" your most 
Humble Serv* James Littell 



To tbe Select men of tbe Town of Arundel 
Gentlemen. Inasmucb as a Considerable number of tbe 
Inbabitants of our Town : Labours under a great Diffeculty 
in attending tbe Publick Worsbip : by Reason tbat tbe 
Meetingbouse ( as we Conceive ) Does Not Stand so Con- 
veniant for tbe Bigest Part of us as we Could wisb : Tbe 
Diffeculty Being so great Tbat Women and Cbildren Cannot 
attend y^ Publick worsbip so often nor so Seasonable as tbey 
migbt Do In Case tbe Meetingbouse stood more Conveniant 
for us — Tbis Is Tberefore to Desire you Gentlemen tbat 
you will In your Notification for our Annual Meeting Sig- 
nifie to y'' town our Dificulties and tbat We tbe Subscribers 
Desire tbat tbe Town will agree upon some Measures To 
Redress tbe same : Eitber by Removeing tbe meetingbouse or 
by Building another meeting bouse More Conveniant for us : 
in our Town wbere y® meetingbouse may be set that may 
Better accomodate y*" Inbabitants of y^ same than wbere It 
Now Stands : Gentlemen We Subscribe our selves Yours &c. 

tbe IT^"^ 1743/4 
Samuel Jameson Robert Smith Joseph Miller 

Dauid bucbings Brorja Major Jabez Dorraan 

Charles White Jacob Curtis Phillip dorrell Ju 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 271 

Joshua Walker Abel Merrill John Burbank 

John Merrill Simeon Hvtchings John Whitten 

William Waterhouse Jeremiah Miller William Darling 

A True Copy of the Origenall Petetion attest by me 

Thomas Perkins Town Cler. 



This may Certify that there is not any Record in Bruns- 
wick Town Book of any Select men or assessors being Sworn 
in s'^ Town for the year 1T42 

Brunswick April 8'^ 1743 Attest Benj* Larrabee T C 



Power of Attorney. 

Know all men by these presents that we Capt William 
Woodside Gentleman, Liv* James Dunieng Gentleman, Sam- 
uel Clarke Husbandman, David Dunieng yeoman, llobert 
Spear Inholder, Robert ffimiey Weaver, all of Brunswick in 
the County of York and provience of the Macheshesetts Bay 
m New England haveing for Sundry good Causes and 
Weiglity considerations nominated, Constituted, ordained 
and apointed, and by these presents do nominate. Constitute 
and appoint and in our Stead and place, put our trusty and 
well Beloved friend David Given of the same Brunswick 
And Same County of York and provience aforsd, Husband- 
man our true and LawfuU Attorney ; to Demand or ask for 
us, pettion for us. Giving and by these presents granting, to 
our said Attorney full power to sue, or isue out writs or 
proses ; as the Case may Require, to appear for us and in 
our name in any Court, Spiritual or temporall, before any 
Judge or Justice and in our name to make one or more attor- 
ney or attorneyes under him, to Substitute or appoint and 
again at his pleasure to Revoke and further to do Execute 



272 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

preform and finish for us and in our name all and singular 
thing or things, Which shall or may be necessary touching 
or Concerning the premises, as fully thoroughly and Entirely 
as we the said William Woodside, James Dunieng, Samuell 
Clark, DaA'id Dunieng, Robert Spear, Robert ffinney, in our 
own persons might or Could do, in or about the same Ratify- 
ing, Confirming and Allowing, whatsoever our Said attorney 
shall do or Cause to be Done in the premisses, by these pres- 
ents in Wittness whereof we the said William Wodside, 
James Dunieng, Samuell Clark, David Dunieng Robert Spear, 
Robert ffinney, have hereunto sett our hands and seals this 
Eight Day of Aprill Anno : Dommin : 1743 
Signed, Sealed and Delivered W" Woodside Seal 

In the presence of J* Duning Seal 

William Vincent Sam Clark Seal 

James Douglass David Duning Seal 

Rob Speer Seal 

Robert ffinney Seal 

York ss/ Brunswick April 9*^ 1743 

William Woodside James Duning Samuel Clark David 
Duning Robert Spear & Robert ffinny Personally appeared 
and acknowledge the above written Instrument to be there 
free act and Deed — 

Before me Benj'' Larrabee J Peace 



Petition. 

To his Excy W"™ Shirley Esq'^ Capf^ Gen^ & Gov-^ in Chief 
in & over his Majesty's Province of the Massachusetts Bay in 
New England, The hon''^'' his Majesty's Council & House of 
Repres""^' in Gen^ Court assembled the 18*^ of April 1743 

The humble Petition of David Given of Brunswick in the 
County of York Husbandman in behalf of himself & William 



OF THE STATE OF MAINB 273 

Woodside, James Duning Sam^ Clark, David Duning, Robert 
Spear & Robert Finney & many others Inhabitants of the 
Town of Brunswick afores'^ 

Sheweth that at an annual Meeting for said Town on the 
29^^ of March 1742 Mess" Benf Larrabee, Wymond Brad- 
bury & Samuel Hmkley were chosen Select Men of said Town 
& also assessors, and proceeded in the Office of Assessors 
without ever taking the Oath by Law required for assessors 
to take on their entering into Office; That on the 12*^ of 
March last the said Select Men in order to have an Annual 
Meetinsf on the 29*^ of said Month issued a Notification for 
that purpose, & the Constables instead of warning the Inhab- 
itants of said Town as usual, posted up said Notification on 
the inner Side of the Meeting House door, so that there being 
no Divine Worship or other publick Meeting in said Meeting 
House from the time of putting up said Notification, «fc said 
Town Meeting very few of the Inhabitants of said Town had 
any Notice thereof, That on said 29'^ of March said Select 
Men being also Assessors but not under Oath as aforesaid, 
met at said Meeting House, & before choosing a Moderator 
took upon them to purge said Town Meeting of such as they 
pretended had no Votes therein, tho' as it can be made plamly 
appear to your Excy & Honours that most of the Persons 
whose Votes they refused were well qualified by Law to vote 
in said Town Meeting, & at the same time they received & 
took the Votes of several Persons no ways entitled to vote at 
said Town Meetmg, Upon w'''' your Pef & his Constituents 
entred their Protest against the Proceedings of said Select 
Men &c. That then said Town Meeting proceeded & chose 
Benj* Larrabee Town Clerk & Moderator, Mess" Isaac Snow, 
Sam^ Hinkley & Wymond Bradbury Select Men for said 
Town of Brunswick, which said Wymond Bradbury was 
Treas' for said Town for the Year 1742, & has considerable 
of the Towns Money in his hands, & not yet made up his 

18 



274 DOOTTMBNTARY HISTORY 

Accounts with said Town for said Year : And the Pet' in 
behalf of himself & Constituents humbly apprehend for the 
Reason aforesaid is not by Law to be chosen a Select Man or 
Trustee for said Town it being contrary to Reason that he 
should sue himself, & the Tax Money being m his hands for 
the Support of the Ministry of said Town can't be provided for 
as usual, & the People are like to lose the Benefit of the same. 

May it therefore please your Excy & Honours that not- 
withstand^ the usual time prefixed for preferring Petitions to 
this Great & General Court is elapsed, that in Consideration 
of the great distance of your Pet"^ & his Constituents from 
said Court to accept this petition, & to order the said Select 
Men & Assessors for said Year 1742 to make Answer thereto, 
& said Town Meeting on said 29*"^ of March last being done 
by Contrivance as afores*^ your Pet' humbly prays in behalf 
of himself & Constituents that by the Order of this Great & 
Gen^ Court the Townsmen of said Town of Brunswick may 
be enabled to call another Town Meeting for electing officers 
for said Town for the present Year. And as the Assessors 
for said Town in the Year 1742 were not under Oath accord- 
ing to Law, that the Inhabitants of said Town may be rated 
as by the Assessors under Oath in the Year 1741. 

And your Pet' & his Constituents will ever pray 

David Given 

In Council April 18, 1743 Read & Ordered that the Peti- 
tioner serve the Select men & Treas' of the To'vnti of Bruns- 
wick with a Copy of this Petition, that they shew Cause if 
any they have one the second Thursday of the next May Ses- 
sion why the Prayer thereof should not be granted — Sent 
down for Concurrence, J Willard Secry 

In the House of Represent^''^ April 19. 1743. 
Read & Concur'd - Atf Roland Cotton Cler : Dom : Rep : 

Consented to W Shirley 

Copy examined g J Willard Secry 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 276 

Thomas Skofield of Brunswick in the County of York of 
Lawful! Age testifieth & Saith that on the fiveth day of may 
1743 he served Benjamin Larrabee Esq^ Wymond Bradbury, 
Samuell Hinkly Selectmen for the Town of Brunswick for 
the year 1742 & also Wymond Bradbur}' affores'^ Treasu"" of 
s'^ Town for s'' year, & also served Isaac Snow, Samuell 
Hinkly, & Wymond Bradbury present select men & treasurer 
for said Town with the within Copy by reading the same to 
them — 

Brunswick May y^ 5^^ 1743 Thomas Skofield 

York ss. Brunswick May 6*^ 1743 
Thomas Skofield personally appeared before me One of his 
Maj"^* Just Peace for the County aboves*^ and made Oath to 
the above deposition 

John Minot 



Deposition. 

The Deposition of Robert Speer of Brunswick in the 
County of York of Lawfull Age declares & saith That he 
was chosen Constable for s'^ Town of Brunswick in y^ year 
1742 and that all the time the Declarant was in s*^ Office he 
never did warn any Selectmen or Assessors to be Sworn : 
nor was he ever Order'd so to doe at any time during his s** 
Constableship & further saith not 

Robert Speer 

Suffolk ss Boston May 3 1743 

Robert Spear appearing made Oath to the Truth of the 
above Declaration by him subscribed 

Jurat coram me Habijah Savage Just Pac 



276 DOCUMENTARY HISTOKY 

Deposition 

The Diposition of Robert ffimiey of full age testifieth and 
Saitli that he went unto meetting house in Brunswick in the 
County of York and Saw the Warrant for the annual march 
meetting Dated March 12*'^ to be held March the 29'^ 1743 
posted in the iner sid of the meeting House Door and 
Remembers of no meetting or publick Worship till the time 
the meeting was held and further saith not 

Robert ffinney 

Brunswick May 17"^ 1743 
York ss Robert ihnney personally appeared & made Oath 
to the Above deposition 

before me John Minot J Peace 



Deposition 

The Deposition of Robert Spear Constable for the Year 
1742 for the town of Brunswick in the County of York being 
of Lawfull age testifieth & saith — 

that having a warrant sent to him hy the select men of s'^ 
town, for the afores*^ year for an Annuall Meeting to be held 
the 29*^^ of March following, he suposeing that ther might be 
Divine Worship kept at the Meeting House put the warrant 
on the Inside of the Meeting house door but having no 
Divine Worship there for the time to the best of his knowl- 
edge the warrant lay Conceald the whole time prefixed & 
farther saith not 

Robert Speer 

York 88 Brunswick May 17^'' 1743 Robert Spear per- 
sonally appeared & made Oath to the truth of the Above 
Deposition before me 

John Minot J Peace 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 277 

Deposition 

The Deposition of James Dunning & David Dunning both 
of Brunswick in the County of York being both of full age, 
Testifyeth & saith that at a town meeting w^hich was Called 
at the request of twelve of the freeholders of s'^ town to Call 
the treasurer to account for the three years past, in which 
town Meeting, when he was required as affores*^ he said he 
would not nor Could not give account of the year 1742 

James Duning 
David Duning 
Brunswick May 17"' 1743 
York ss James Dunning & David Dunning personally 
appeared & made Oath to the above Deposition 

before me John Minot J Peace 
M"^ Bradbury objects Against the w^ord required 

Answer to Petition of David Given. 

To His Excellency William Shirley Esq'' Captain General 
and Governour in cheif the Honourable the Council and 
the Honourable House of Representatives of his Maj- 
estys Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New Eng- 
land in General Court Assembled May 25'^ 1743 
The Answer of Benjamin Larrabee Wymond Bradbury and 
Samuel Hinkley all of Brunswick in the County of York late 
Select men of the said Town to the Petition of David Given 
of Brunswick aforesaid in Behalf of himself and William 
Woodside James Dunning David Dunning Robert Spear and 
Robert Finney and many others Inhabitants of the Town of 
BrunsvAck preferred to this Honourable Court on the 18*^ 
day of April 1743 wherein they Complained of Irregular 
proceedings at the Town Meeting held at Brunswick on the 
29**^ day of March last — 



278 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

In which Petition the Complainant Set forth That in Stead 
of the Constables warning the Inhabitants of said Town as 
Usual he posted up said Notification on the Inner Side the 
Meeting house door So that there being no Divine Worship 
or other Publick Meeting at said Meeting house from the 
time of puting up s^ Notification of said Town Meeting very 
few of the Inhabitants of said Town had any Notice thereof — 

To this we the respondents Say that it has been our Prac- 
tice ever Since v/e have been a Town to warn Town Meetings 
by posting up Warrants ( for that purpose ) on the Meeting 
house door And as we have had Preaching every third Sab- 
bath at the South east part of the Town ever since we have 
been a Town when we had a Minister we posted up another 
Warrant of the same Tenor and date of that at the Meeting 
house upon the door of that house where the people use to 
Meet in Order that the whole Town Might be fully Apprized 
of the said Annual Meeting and in so doing we Ans welded 
the end proposed for every person in Town Qualifyed to vote 
in Town Affairs was seasonably at Meeting except two or 
three whose private Affairs detained them — 

It's Also Complain'd of in said Petition that on the 29**^ 
of March the said Select men being Also Assessors but not 
Under Oath as aforesaid Met at said Meeting house and 
before Choosing a Moderator took upon them to purge Said 
Town Meeting of Such persons as they pretended had no 
Right to Vote therein tho' as it can be made plainly to 
Appear to Your Excellency and honours that most of the 
persons whose votes they refused were well Qualified by Law 
to Vote in said Town Meeting and at the same time they 
Received and took the Votes of several persons no ways 
Intitled at said Town Meeting upon which Your Petitioner 
and his Constituents entred their Protest against the Pro- 
ceedings, ~ 
To this we Answer that said Town Meeting was purged by 



OP THE STATE OF IMAINE 279 

the List of said Town Lodged with the Town Clerk for that 
purpose for the Year 1742 and we are ready to make Oath 
( if need be ) that the list is true According to the Estates 
the Inhabitants of said Town gave an accompt of and we 
further beg leave to Say that altho" it be Suggested in said 
Petition or Complaint that Upon purging the Meeting they 
entred their Protest Against the proceedings of said Meet- 
mg, it's a Mistake for the Meeting went on peaceably till 
the Moderator Town Clerk the two of the Select Men were 
Chose and no body Objected Against the Legality of the 
Meeting till then, 

We further observe that it is set forth in said Petition that 
Wymond Bradbury was Treasurer for said Town for the 
Year 1742 and has Considerable of the Town's Money in his 
hands and not Yet made up his Accompts with said Town 
for said Year and the Tax Money being in his hands for the 
Support of the Ministry of said Town and he Evadeing 
Accompting for the Same the Ministry of said Town Can't 
be provided for as Usual and the People are like to loose the 
benefit of the Same. 

To this we Answer that, that Assertion cannot be true for 
that the said Treasurer laid his Accompts Before the Select 
men Cap* John Minot and M"^ David Duning being Chosen 
At a Meeting held the 28*'' of February last to joyne the 
Select men to Examine the aforesaid Accompts met for that 
purpose on the 7*^ day of March last It appeared that he had 
Received of the Constables but £106-9-4 and that he had 
paid of the Towns Debts XI 11-13-6 so that instead of his 
having Considerable of the Towns money in his hands he is 
in Advance for the Town ,£5-4-2 which plainly Appears by 
the Several Receipts which he produces. We further 
Observe in the Petition it's said The Town Meeting on said 
29'" March last being done by Contrivance as aforesaid your 
Petitioner humblys prays in behalf of himself and Constituants 



280 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

that by the Orders of this Great and General Court the Town 
men of said Town of Brunswick may be Enabled to Call 
another Town Meeting for Electing Officers for the said 
Town for the present Year and as the Assessors for Said 
Town in the Year 1742 were not Under Oath According to 
Law that the Inhabitants of said Town may be Rated as by 
the Assessors under Oath in the Year 1741. — 

To this we Answer there Could be no Contrivance in 
Warnmg that Meeting Unless it be in one of the Petitioners 
Constituants Robert Spear who being the Constable that 
posted up Said Notification on the inner side the Meeting 
house door without any Order for so doing from the Town 
Clerk And in as much as the Assessors for the Year 1742 in 
Making the Assessment for that Year have Acted Uprightly 
and truly without the least partiality m making the Taxes 
lay'd on the Inhabitants of the said Town of Brunswick and 
that According to their best Skill and Judgment, which they 
are ready to make Oath thereunto Altho^ they did not take 
the Assessors Oath for that Year two of them having been 
Sworn heretofore. And that Notwithstanding the Complain- 
ants Protest against the Illegallity of the said Town Meeting 
in March last Yet they Readily Joyned with the respondents 
in Choosing a person to Represent them in this Great and 
General Court which was a manifest Approbation of the 
proceedings at that INIeeting And as the Complaint made by 
the said David Given and his abettors is in the Greatest part 
thereof A misrepresentation — 

Therefore the Respondents Subscribers hereunto humbly 
pray Your Excellency and Honours the said petition or Com- 
plaint may be dismissed as Troublesome and Vexatious. 
And Your Respondents as in duty bound shall ever pray 

Benj* Larrabee 
Wymond Bradbury 
Sam" Hinkley 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 281 

Petition 

To His Excellency William Shirley Esq"^ Captain General 
& Governour in Chief in and over His Majties Province 
of the Massachusetts Bay. To the Hon^^® his Majesties 
Council & House of Representatives in General Court 
Assembled at Boston May 1743 — 

Benjamin Larrabee Wymond Bradbury & Samuel Hinkley 
Select Men and Assessors of the Town of Brunswick for the 
Year 1742 
Humbly Sheweth 

That Brunswick was Erected mto a Town January 1738 
& that by order of the General Court Benjamin Larrabee a 
Principal Inhabitant was ordered to warn the Inhabitants to 
meet the first Monday of March following to Chuse Town 
officers, which Warning he Made, was by puting up a Notifi- 
cation upon the Meeting - House Dore, & the Town have 
been in the same practice ever since. And in the year 1742. 
They assessed upon the Inhabitants of Brunswick their 
respective proportions of the Town, County & Province 
Taxes and lookt upon themselves Obliged by their Oaths 
taken the year before to Act faithfull & Impartially in what 
they did But inasmuch as your Petioners thro inadvertency 
neglected taken the Oathes of assessors for the year 1742. 
Sundry of the Inhabitants of the s'' Town Endevour to over- 
throw the Anual Meeting of the Town in March last, which 
if they should so do, Your Peti"^'^ apprehend it would put 
the Inhabitants of s*^ Town to very great Dificulty in Many 
respects, perticulerly the Taxe's which have been made and 
Levied, Collected & Disposed off, by order of the Town, 
would be Called in Question & unravelled & the Town put 
to such Dificultys, that they could not Overcome them, in 
this their Menorety, And in regard None of the Inhabitants 
have suffred by your petion" neglect or inadvertence in not 
renewing their Oaths, they acting in their proceedings as 



282 DOCinHEN^TAKY HISTORY 

faithfully as if they had been Sworn a New — Wherefore 
your Petion" Earnestly pray That the proceedings of your 
Petion", in 1742 And also of the Town at the Town Meet- 
ing on the 29*"^ of March last may be Confirmed and Estab- 
lished and Your Petion" ( as in Duty bound ) shall ever 
pray &c Benj* Larrabee 

Wymond Bradbury 
Sam^^ Hinkley 



Deposition. 

Suffolk ss/ Boston 30'^ May 1743 

David Duning Gent'' and Robert Spear Innholder both of 
Brunswick in the County of York of Lawfull Age Testifie 
and Say That They were Sworn Assessors for s*^ Town of 
Brunswick for the Year 1741 and That M'^ David Given and 
sev^' others were rated after the rate of Twenty pounds rata- 
ble Estate besides Their pole And the Assessors for the last 
Year did not rate said David Given and others so Much as 
they were rated in said Year 1741 Whereby the said David 
Given and sev" others Were deprived of Voteing for Town 
Officers for said Town at the Annuall Meeting in March last 
and after said Meeting was over They increased the rate of 
said David Given, And The said Assessors rated severall and 
perticularly Wymond Bradbury who has no land in s'^ Town 
and but One Cow ( so high as to qualleyfie Them for Voters 

Daidd Duning 
Robert Speer 
Suffolk ss Boston May SO''' 1743 

David Duning & Robert Spear appearing made Oath to 
the truth of the above Declaration by them Subscribed 

Jurat coram me Habijah Savage Just Pac 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 283 

In Council June 2, 1743 ; Read again together with 
Answer of Benjamin Larrabee Esq"^ & others, & 

Ordered that George Leonard & Joseph Dwight Esq"^* with 
such as the Hon^^" House shall join be a Committee to con- 
sider this Petition & Answer, hear the Parties, & report 
what they judge proper for this Court to do thereon. Sent 
down for Concurrence. J Willard Secry 

In the House of Rep^*'" June 2, 1743 

Read and Concur'd and M'' Prout Col Miller and M"^ Royal 

are Joyned in the affair 

T. Cushing Spk' 

Memorandum 

The Disadvantages y^ town of Brunswick is likely to sus- 
tain by y® town Meeting beiug Confirm'd besides y® Complamt 
in y® Petition Arises Principaly from the behaviour of those 
persons Chosen as town Officers In y^ Last Anual Meeting, 
for Notwithstanding their being serv'd with A Coppy of y® 
Petition Laid in to y® General Court and y* Courts Order to 
Answer to it they proceeded Most Unjustly in A town meet- 
ing to Confirm former Acts of y® town and to vote According 
to their Usual Method when More than A Majority of said 
Meeting Protested Against their Proceeding to Act at all 
at said Meeting and Against y® Votes they passed from this 
and sundry other things too tedious to Mention and y^ Com- 
plaint Laid in Our Petition we Are perswaded that Nothmg 
Less than the Acts Passed in y® Anual Meeting with y® 
Meeting it self being declard Unlawfull and y^ town Impow- 
erd to Proceed to a New Election of Officers as Pray'd for in 
Our Petition can set us on a Proper footing to Cary on our 

Affairs in time to Come 

David Giveen 

David Duning 

June 4^^ 1743 



284 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Report. June 9, 171}S. 

The Comitee to whome was Referd the Pet" of David 
Given of Brunswick have attended that Busines and Heard 
the Parties and are of the Oppinion that the meeting of the 
Inhabitance of the toune of Brunswick on the twenty ninth 
day of March Last was not Legally warned nither were the 
assessors who tuck the valuation of sd toune by which they 
Regulatad the voters in s* Meeting under oath, tharefore 
the Comi*®® are of Oppinion that the said toune meeting with 
all the Proceedings thereon ought to be sett aside : and the 
select men of the said toune of Brunswick for the year 1742 
ordered to Call another meeting of the Inhabitance of s* 
toune of Brunswick to make choice of all toune officers which 
tounes are obliged to make choice of Anually in the month 
of March and that they Regulate the voters in sd meeting by 
the Last valuation which was taken in s*^ toune by assessors 
under oath all which Humbelly submited by order of the 
Comitee 

June 19'^ 1743 George Leonard 



In Council June 21. 1743 ; Read & Voted that this Report 
be accepted & that the Town Meetuig at Brunswick held the 
29''* of March last with all the Proceedings thereon, be & 
hereby is set aside And the Select men of said Town for the 
year 1742 are hereby impowered & ordered to call an other 
Meeting of the Inhabitants as soon as may be for the Choice 
of such Town Officers as are annually to be chosen ; the 
voters to be such as are qualified according to the List of 
Valuation made by the assessors under Oath Anno 1741; 
And that the Rates made by the Assessors Anno 1742 & the 
Proceedings in collecting & paying the same be held good & 
valid notwithstanding; Provided the said Assessors make 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 285 

oath that the said List of Rates was made faithfully &, 
according to their best skill & Judgment. 

Sent down for Concurrence. J Willard Secry 

In the House of Rep^«« June 21. 1748 

Read and Concur'd T Gushing Spk' 

Consented to, W Shirley 

Letter N. Sparhaivk to Sam^ Waldo Esrf 

Kittery July 21'> 1743 
Dear Sir 

A bo* a fortnight ago one M' Piatt deliver'd me y' 

fav"" of the 30*^ March last from S' Georges's tlie Contents of 

w*^** was chiefly to desire me to deliv"^ the boat that was 

Elenwoods & which the Sheriff put in my Father Pepperells 

dock; to one Timothy Foye, first getting licr mended &c 

Moreover I was desired to Assist s*^ Yojq in getting the 

Cables &c w*"^ you Imagmed Elenwood had concealed from 

the Sheriff, The letter herewith Pratt to me at the same time 

Open ; - Since I have had a letter from M"" Henderson, 

desiring me to send the said boat g M"" Pratt, _ Now if you 

desire me to fitt Out the boat According to yo'^ Intention at 

that time, & will Signify it, & to whom y° \Y^ have her deliv^ ~ 

& the Methods, you w*^ Advise to for the recovery Of the 

Cables & Anchors from Elenwood, or who soever may have 

them ; in case you think of any Other then y° wrote Elenwood 

you would take, w*"^ letter I have, I shall be glad to Serve y** 

— if we fail of the Gables &c & you w*^ have new ones, I 

know not but I could furnish them here, I am sorry y° would 

not be so kind as to look on yo'^ ffriends at Kittery, as y° 

passed twice lately ; you were once ready to Assure me y° 

w*^ not fail us a Visit when y** had so fair an Opp° — 

My regards Attend y"^ family & I am D' Sir Y' Most 

Hum^ S* N Sparhawk 

The Hon^i" Samuel Waldo Esq' 



286 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Order relating to Towns not settled. 

In the House of Rep^" June 21, 1743 

Whereas Sundry Grants of Townships lying in the Prov- 
ince of Main have at different times been made by this Court 
on Condition the said Townships should be Settled within a 
Limmitted Time and the Term for Settling many of them is 
already Expired and the Present Proprietors neglect or 
refuses to perform the Conditions of their Grant — 

It is therefore Ordered that M'' Butler and M"" Sole with 
such as the Hon*^'* Board shall appoint be a Committee fully 
Authorized and Impowered at any Time after the first day of 
February 1744 to make Sale of all the Lands & Interest in 
said Townships of all or any of the Proprietors who on the 
said first day of February 1744 shall be delinquent and have 
failed of Performing the Conditions of their several or 
respective Grants or otherwise to Admit any other persons 
as Settlers upon such forfeited Grants on Terms of Speedy 
Settlement that so the good End and design of this Court in 
the first Grant of said Townships may be Effected. 

The said Committee to be Accountable to this Court for 
their Proceedings herein. 

Sent up for concurrence T Gushing Spk'^ 

In Council, June 21, 1743 
Read & Non Concur'd J Willard Secry 

In Council June 22, 1743 On the Motion of the Hon*^!* 
House the Board Voted a Reconsideration of the within 
Vote — And after Debate thereon 

The Question was put Whether the Board Concur the 
aforea*^ Vote 

Which pass'd in the Negative Unanimously. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 287 

Letter Hon. W^ Pepperell to Sarn^ Waldo Esq July 25, 1743. 

I beleive you have forgot that vSheriff Plaisted 
left aboat belonging to you in my Dock, I have directed my 
people to Secuer from going adrift, but if She is not graved 
in aShorte time, She will not be worth much, She has no 
Anchors nor cables & Scarce any riging, my best wishes 
attend your Selfe & family I am Your Very Hum^'® Serv* 

W"^ Pepperrell 
Kittery July: Ib'"^ 1743 



Petition of Inha¥^ of Mericaneag Neck. 

Massathusets s, c / 

To his Excellency William Sherrly Esq"" Captain Generall 
Commander in Chief in & over his Majesties Province of y^ 
Massathusets Bay in New - England and To y® Honourable 
his Majesties Couneill & house of Representatives in Generall 
Court Assembled September 8*** 1743 

The Petition of y" Inhabitants of Mericaneag Neck & some 
Islands Adjacent in Casco Bay, in the Township of North- 
Yarmouth; humbly sheweth y* we your Petitioners labour 
exceeding hard from one end of y^ year to y*' other, at cuting 
of wood, & notwithstand_all our hard labour we & our poor 
Families are often great Sufferers for want of y** necessaries 
of life ; haveing most of us little or nothing to Support our 
Families with but what comes from Boston to us ; & y* very 
dear y^ land is exceding hard to Clear & many of us are but 
lately sat down upon our Lots & but few of us are yet capa- 
ble of paymg for them ; others of us have no land nor are 
yet capable of buying any, our Scituation is comodious for y® 
fishery but our Indigent Circumstances will not allow us to 



288 DOCUMENT AKY HISTORY 

follow it, or make business of it ; we doubt not but in a few 
years ( if peace continues ) we shall be a fruitfuU branch of 
this our Province but at present our Circumstances calls for 
commiseration, because w^e cant raise our provision nor yet 
Hay for y^ Cattle ; Another great difiiculty we labour under 
is, y* till of late we & our Families have been altogether 
depriv'd of y® publick Worship of God ; North- Yarmouth 
being about 30 Miles distant by land & about three Leagues 
by water, Brunswick about eight miles from some, & ten or 
twelve distant from many of us, & a Bay to Cross of about 
three quarters of a mile; So y* unless we have preaching 
upon y® Neck we can Seldom have any unless Some of us 
men travell for it more than a Sabbath da3^s Journy & now 
y* we & our poor Families may not be discouraged in our 
Labours to clear this good Land, nor look upon ourselves as 
excluded y** Inheritance of y® Lord & as it were abandon'd to 
Serve other Gods. ~ 

Our prayer is that this great & Generall Court would take 
our Indigent Circumstances into your wise Consideration & 
in your great Charity & goodness will please to exempt us 
from paying any publick Taxes for some time & in y° mean- 
time will allow us out of y® publick Treasury, money for 
Supporting our Minister & building for us a Small House to 
worship in 

& we your Humble petitioners as in duty bound will ever 
pray 

his 

John Storer Joshua X Crumwell John Otis 

mark his 

W [sic] Nathaniel -< Barns Edward Ward Jun 

mark 

Abiel Sprague Edwd Quinigham Sam^' Winchell 

bis 

Job Moulton Richard x Hays Eb' Humphry 

his mark 

William x Magrali George Beckmore John Phelan 

mark 

Thomas McGregor Joshua Lincoln John Winchell 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 289 

his hlfl 

William W Black William Tarr William W Black Ju-^ 

hi8 mark mark 

John X Hamond Richard Jaques Robert Watts 

mark hia his 

Patrick A Whaline Elisha Allen Francis X Carman 

mark his mark 

John Mathews William X McNees Jacob Graffam 

mark 

In the House of Rep^*" Sep^ 10. 1743 Read and Ordered 
that the Pet" serve the Towns of North Yarmouth and Bruns- 
wick with copys of this Pet° that they shew cause if any 
they have on the first tuesday of the next sitting of this 
Court why the Prayer thereof should not be granted 

Sent up for concurrence T Gushing Spk'' 

In Council September 10. 1743 Read & Concur'd 

J Willard Secry 
Consented to W Shirley 



Letter John Murphy to Sam} Waldo Esq. 

Arundel September y« 2V^ 1743 
S' these Lines are with my Harty Love and Servise to your 
Honour hopeing that they may fiend your Honour and all 
yours In Good health as I am at Present thanks be to God 
S"^ the under taker of all our Mischief by Name m' frost has 
Got a writ for Cap* Bangs and my self but they had not the 
happyness to Get it Served for this Cort sent by m"" Noah 
Emery to s*^ frost I have been Down amongst them no Less 
than three times since your Honour Come from thence once 
my Bridle was Stole of my Horses head and Gone Clean and 
all Look upon me with an Evil Eye but Dam them all I care 
for none of them. S' I have sent that Note Your Honour 
Gave me by the Bearer of the Letter by Name James Deshon 
and would be Hartily Glad if your Honour Could Send me 
the money at this time for I have lugaged money and I stand 

19 



290 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

in Greate Need of it S'' no more at Present but I am Ready 
to Serve your Honour by Night or by day and also I 
Remaine your Humble Servant to Command 

John Murphy 
[ Superscribed ] 
To Samuel Waldo Esq*' in Boston 
p"" M*^ James Deshon 



Letter Q-ov. Shirley to Coloneh 

Sir 

Having rec*^ Advices from Great Britain that there is 
great danger of a Rupture with France, I think it necessary 
and accordingly direct you forthwith to advertize the exposed 
Towns & Settlements within your Regiment hereof, & to take 
proper Care that the Inhabitants secure them selves & 
families against any Sudden Assault from the Indians, & that 
they do not expose them selves by being too far from home 
in this time of Danger & that the Companies in your 
Regiment that are not much exposed be in readiness to 
relieve any of the neighbouring Places in case there sh* be 
occasion for it. 

Col° Jn° Stoddard Sam' Willard Eleazer Tyng 
Rich** Saltonstall CoP Pepp CoP Noble 



Letter John Gained to Sam' Waldo Esq 

Ipswich Novem' ll*** 1743 
M"^ Waldo Sir I have Sent you by M^ Start Eight Barrils of 
Syder and one tub of butter and would pray you to Send up 
your tubs for your pork fatt and butter in the Vessell as also 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 291 

a bushel and halfe or 2 bushels of Salt for I Canot gitt any 
hear with my Service to you I Rest Sir Your most Hum^' 
Serv* John Gaines 



Letters Col^ Pepperell Moulion ^ Waldo to Crov Shirley 
Dec. 9, 1743. 

May it Please Yo"^ Excelly 

In Obedience to Yo'' Excellencys Comands to 
us directed, We have consider'd of the most proper Persons 
to Coiiiand four severall Companys within the County of 
Yorke of Fifty Men each to be furnished with Arms, 
Ammunition, Snow Shoes, Moggosons & Hatchetts to be 
ready to march for the Imediate Defence & relief of any 
Place that may be assaulted by an Enemy, and for pursuing, 
& destroying such Enemy. 

And We begg Leave to recomend to Yo' Excelly the Per- 
sons undermentioned as proper Officers to Comand such 
Companys, & to Inform Yo"" Excell^ that their respective 
Residences are so situated as to be most likely to answer the 
ends of their Appointment. 

John Harman of Yoike Captain ^ 

Lieu' y 
Ensign j 
Cap* Dominicus Jordan of Falmouth Cap* 
M" George Berry of D" Lieu* 

M^ [sic] Ensign 

Cap* Patrick Drumond of Georgetown Cap* 
M' [sic] Lieut 

M"^ [sic] Ensign 

Cap* John Lane of St Georges Captain 

M^ Tho" Kirkpatrick of D° Lieut 

M' Benj* Burton of D° Ensign 



292 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

We have not may it Please Yo' Excell^ been able to 
determine upon suitable Persons, for the vacant Posts in the 
above four Companys, but if its not Yo'^ Excellencys pleasure 
to Lett the Captains recomend them we will as soon as may 
be give Yo"^ Excell^ such furthur Information as may appear 
to us most consistant with yo' Excell''* pleasure & His 
Majestys Service. We are with all possable Respect Yo'' 
Excellencys Most Duty full Serv** 
Scarboro 9*^ Dec^ 1743 

W" Pepperrell Jer : Moulton S'' Waldo 

Petition of W^ Vaughan ^ others inhabitants ^ residetits at 
" Damriscotty. " 

To His Excellency William Sherley Esq"" Gov"" and 
Commander in Cheif in and over his Maj**®* Province 
of the Massachusetts Bay — 

To the Hon'® Councill and Hon'® House of Repre- 
sentatives In Gen'' Court Assembled — 
The Petition of William Vaughan of Damriscotty in the 
County of York and Province aforesaid Gent : and Sundry 
others Inhabitants and Residents at said Damriscotty and 
subscribers hereunto 
Humbly Sheweth 

That for Twelve years past unto the present day they 
have Many of them liv'd at said place and some a Shorter 
time and have for great part of the time been destitute of a 
Gospel Preacher amongst them They desire also to represent 
with proper submission to the Gen" Court the Unpleas- 
antness of living in want of Order and due Regularity 
amongst them. Wherefore primarily and principally with a 
View to the Glory of God — and with a view of having the 
Gospel preached and good order and quiet Amongst them 
and that they might have it in their power to act consistent 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



293 



with the Rules of Government They pray the favour of Your 
Excellency and of this great and Honoured Court that a Law 
may be made incorporating them into a Township by the 
following Bounds viz., 

Begining Southward on Damriscotty River at a Noted 
Place called the Ledge of Rocks; from thence extending 
Northward ten Miles Bounded westward by a line Runing 
North North East of an equal Distance between said Damris- 
cotty River and Sheepscutt River. The Measurement to be 
half way between the Salt-water falls of Each River the 
Distance between said Rivers being about four Miles — 
Bounded Easterly by Pemaquid freshet River and Ponds of 
said extent and lying about three Miles East of Damriscotty 
River. Or however Your Excellc'y and Honours in Your 
great Wisdom shall think proper and your Petitioners as in 
Duty bound shall ever Pray 
Damriscotty January 25*^ 1743 



W" Vaughan 
John Campbell 
Donnel M" Moill 
Nathaniel Winslow J' 
James Longly 
James Rivis 
David Condon 
Kenelm Wmslow 
William Racklif 



Bray Dearing 
Josies Clark 
Wilham Mathews 
John Richart 
John Gray 
Denis Downing 
Ichabod Linscot 
David Ring 



John Bradford 
Will Gloss 
Nath'' Winslow 
John pormon 
John hiscok 
Anthony Still 
Cornilus Jones 
David Ring Ju' 



In the House of Rep^«« March 1, 1743 

Read and Ordered that the Pef^s insert the Substance of 
this Petition in the Boston Gazette with this Order thereon 
■^ three Weeks successively that so all Persons interested or 
concerned therein may give answer thereto if they see cause 
the second Wednesday in May next to which time this Pet" 
is refer'd. Sent up for concurrence. 
A six T Gushing Spk'' 



294 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

In CouncU March 2^ 1743. 

Read & Concur'd with the Amendm'- at A Sent down 
for Concurrence J Willard Secry 

In the House of Rep^«« March 3, 1743 

Read and Concur'd Atf^ Roland Cotton Cler. Dom. Rep 
Consented to W. Shirley 



York ss / To the freeholders and other Inhabitants of 
the Town of Brunswick Qualified to Vote in Town affaii's - 
Greeting These are therefore in His Majestys name to 
Notify and warn you to assemble togeather at the meeting 
house in Brunswick afor s^^ on tuesday the 29^^^ Instant at 
ten of the Clock in the fore Noon to Chuse Town officers as 
the Law Directs to Serve Said Town in there several offices 
the Ensuing Year and also to Consider whether it will be 
best to hire the Consables or Choose them as Usual 

Brunswick March~12'i^ 1742/3 

By order of Selectmen 

Wymond Bradbury Town Cleark 
A true Copy Examined g Benj* Larrabee T C 



North Yarmouth. 

In the House of Rep^^^ March 13 1743 Voted that the 
sum of One hundred pounds be allowed to be paid out of the 
publick Treasury and put into the hands of the Select Men 
and the Officers of the Militia within the Town of North 
Yarm^*" the sum of One hundred pounds to be applyed in 
such Manner, as may be most for tlie defence of the Inliabi- 
tants of that Town, according to such Directions as they 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 295 

shall receive from the Captain General, They to be account- 
able for the said Sum. 

Sent up for concurrence 

Atf Roland Cotton Cler. Dom. Rep. 
In Council March 13. 1743 Read & Concur'd 

J Willard Secry 
Consented to, W Shirley 

Co'py of Record. 

At An Annunal Town Meeting held in Brunswick upon 
Tuesday the Twenty ninth Day of March 1743 the following 
Persons were Chosen officers to Serve the Town of Bruns- 
wick aforesaid in their Respective offices the ensuing year 
viz 

Benj* Larrabee Town Clark 
mr Isaac Snow \ 

mr Samuel Hmckley > Select men 

mr Wymond Bradbury ) 

Voted that the Constables have fifteen pounds old tenor 

each for Collecting the Rates this year ensuing and they to 

make up with the Select men for y** same 

Ebenezer Stanward ) ,^ , . 

, XX. 1 , T i Constables 

Samuel Hmckley Jun"^ ) 

Aaron Hinckley ) _ ^ tt- i 

'' [ Surveyors of High ways 

Robert Smart ) 

Tho^ Skofield 

Shubal Hinckley 

John Whitney 

Ebenezer Stanward 

Sam" Whitney 

John Smart 



Tything men 
fence Viewers 
hog Constables 



A true Copy taken out of Brunswick Town Book Exam- 
ined g Benj'* Larrabee T. Clerk 



296 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Protest. 

Cap* William Woodside m'' James Duning m' Robert ffinny 

m'' Robert Spear m' David Duning m' David Giveen & m"^ 

Sam" Clarke have entered their Protest against the annual 

Town meeting held at Brunswick upon the 29*'' Day of 

March 1743 — 

A true Copy taken out of the Brunswick Town Book 

Examined 

g Benj Larrabee T Clerke 

Letter Q-ov. Shirley to Col. Noble June 5, 1744- 

S' 

You are hereby directed to receive from the Several 

Colonels of the Regim** of Militia the follow^ Detachm*' of 

Soldiers and to post them at the Garrison hereafter mentioned 

viz* From Col° Phips Fifty From Col° Plaisted fifty & from 

Col° Berry five, with twenty five by Virtue of my Warrant 

of the third Instant, to be enlisted or unpress'd within 

your District of the County of York which you are to post 

as follows. Viz* 

Men 

At Capt Woodsides Garrison at Maquoit 4 

At Topsham 6 

At George Town 10 

At Witchcasset 10 

At Sheepscot 10 

At Capt Vaughans at Walpole 6 

at at Capt Larmous at D** 6 10 50 

At Madomock & Broad Bay viz. 

At Martins at the Falls 10 

At Y* new Block House on y* River ) 

^ -^ [ 10 

being the Duch Church I 

At M' Zuberbuhlers Garrison 10 

At Capt Lanes at the Point of Broad bay 10 40 



OF THE STATE OF MAIKB 



297 



At S* Georges River to be proportioned to the 
Several Garrisons between the Falls & 
pleas* Point and to the Block House by y 40 

the Lime Kilns and the Garrison at the 
Mills J 

I have appointed Captains over the two East Companies 
who I woud have to Scout thro the two Settlem** over which 
they are appointed a guard at least once a Week. 



Letter Q-ov. Shirley to Col. Pepperell ^ Col. Waldo 1744' 

Sir 

The General Court having Voted Subsistence for Two 
Hundred Soldiers only of the Five hundred first raised for 
the Defence of the Frontiers whose Establishm* for Subsist*^* 
ends the 29*** Instant I have determined that the remaining 
Three hundred should be forth dismiss'd from the Service, 
& accordingly order that you do immediately discharge 
One hundred & one Men from those Places that are within 
your District in such proportion as you will find in the 
Schedule herewith inclosed ; 

The Men to be dismiss'd by you must be out of the 
Inhabitants which are now retained in the Service ; 
The rest of the Inhabitants which will be continued 
■{ upon Pay in those Places must be of such as are 
most likely to be serviceable & will most need this 
Encouragement to continue upon their Settlem** A 
proper Proportion of Officers must be discharged 
What men may be wanting of your first Complem* must 
be reckoned among those that are to be dismiss*^. 
Let no time be lost in this Affair. 



Coll 
Noble 



o 
•=5 2. 



298 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Extract from Letter of M^ Kilhy, Age7it, to Gov. Shirley 

Extract from IVP Kilby's Letter to his Exc^ 
I have been able to say so much respecting the Fort, of 
our having extended our Frontier & built & maintained 
other Forts, that I don't apprehend much if any Difficulty 
remains in clearing our Way of that Impedim* But that 
other of pay^ the X550 Sterling as the Grant was absolutely 
upon that Condition, the Arms rec*^ under the Force of it, & 
a Receipt given at the Tower in Consequence thereof is such 
an unsurmountable Obstacle that I don't see any possible 
Way of getting the better of it, But if there ever have been 
Reasons given to excuse the Province, I earnestly wish they 
may be collected from the Records, that if there be any 
Weight in them they may be improved, & if not I confess I 
shall be of their Lordships Opinion that it ought to be 
deem'd a just Debt as tho it had been contracted between 
two private Individuals — Lord Harrington in particular & 
Many of the other Lords of the Council are very sensible of 
the Risque of neglecting this Affair, till Answers can be had 
from Boston, & I OAvn I could not avoid Saying to his Lord- 
ship upon finding that Objection was not to be got over by 
Possibility that I had a strong Liclination to back the Peti- 
tion by a Memorial subjecting my self to the Paym* of the 
.£550 when the Cannon were sent, & indeed I have no other 
Objection to it, than fears that the Province May have sent 
Excuses they thought available, & by finding them, tho' I 
am entirely ignorant thereof, my Conduct may be censured. 

J** Oulton to Gov. Shirley^ Aug. 8, 1744' 

May it Please y' Excellency. / 
Sir 

I did not give y^ last Letters a gticuler answer having a 

Dependance On y® Gentlemen Commission" y'' waited on y" 

Dellegates, leting y' Exc^ know my Conduct therein. I hope 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 299 

they Returned w^"" an agreable Conclusion of y* affair w'** y« 
Indians. The small Number y*^ here seems to be very well 
Satisfied w*^ whats agreed On. But I know not what may 
be expected from Canada, by those Indians y* Carried y'^ 
Lett' thfe their Return being about Six weeks, last past, 
expected every day & yet no News of them, as y* Indians 
tells me : it looks a little Dark, & what will be j® Isues of 
Such a delay I know not. 

If any Indians belonging to Canada or to y** French, comes 
here w*^"^ our Indians, shall they be used as friends, or as 
Enemies, y' Comes as Spies ? I am Sorry The Gen^ Court 
Delayes y' Giving a Grant for y® finishing of y^ Works of 
this Fort (y* Stands Next to Castle William in their Acts) 
Agreeable to what I praid for, when I last waited on y"" Exc^ 
about 12 mo*^'** agone. 

Soon after I heard of a French War I began to Dig a Well 
& have had good Success therein, by blowing & burning y® 
Rocks, (y* others before me was discouraged at) & have 
water enough, w'^'' gives us no small encouragm* in Case of 
an Attack, this I do not expect, except y^ French over 
Comes y® Indians, w*^' their way of Reasoning, & by y"' 
engagmg them to joyn w*^ em, in their Actions against us. 
If these 2 Powers Comes togather, we shall have more than 
enough to Stand them. Except we are more fully Supplied 
w^^ Men, Ammunition & Stores. In a few lines to my good 
friend M'' Sam^ Waldo, I have beg'd him to pray y' Exc^ to 
give me leave to wait on you at Boston, y"^ goodness therin I 
doubt not of. I send this g my son John, who will wait 
on you, he's to Return p y^ Sloop he goes in, so y^ I hope he 
will be here again in 10 or 12 days, w"' y' farther Comands 
( if y® Publick affairs requires it ) to 

Y' Excellencys Most Duty full & Most Obliged Humble 
Serv' J° Oulton 

Richmond Fort Aug* S*'^ 1744. 



300 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

y® 8^^ Afternoon. Sir just now I am Inform^ y* two of y® 
Indians y* Carried y"^ Letter to Canada, is Returnd to 
Naridgawalk y^ they say theres no news there, only y* its a 
Sickly time w**^ them, haveing y® Smal Pox. Y" as afors'^ J O. 

Letter Col. John Bradstreet to G-ov. Shirley Aug. I4, 1744- 

May it Please Your Excellency 

As I was sent from Louisburg by the Gov*"^ of that 
place to bring a number of English prisoners which the flag 
of Truce was not able to transport here ; & w'^*' I undertook 
with a View to Sarve the poor prisoners as to secure my 
Own Effects and my Brother Officers, by bringing them here; 
which prisoners I was orderd to leave here taking Your 
Excellency Rec* for the same or Other prisoners in tlieir 
room if any here ; Some of which I oblig'd my self to return 
or others in there room, which I expected would be able to 
Carry the Vessell back againe, & as they have ben delivered 
here & I now find my self without Sailours suffishent to 
Navegate the Vessell back againe which I am Oblig'd to doe 
by my Perole of honour, «& the prisoners that are to be 
deliver'd to me to be return'd are not Suffishent for that 
purpose, & I hope Your Excellency will give me leave to 
ship two hands on board said Vessell as English Marinours, 
which two men I shall Return as soon as possible, which will 
greatly Oblige Your Excellency's Most Obed' & most hum : 
Serv* Jn° Bradstreet 

Boston Aug* 14. 1744 
To His Excellency Will"" Sherley Esq' 

William Pepperrell to the Duke of Newcastle. 

My Lord Duke 

Tho upon my first takeing the Command of the new Eng- 
land Troops upon this Expedition I had no other vew then 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 301 

y* of serving my Country, yet as I believe your Grace will 
think it necessary to Establish a strong Garrison of regular 
Troops here and that some of tlie Regiments upon this Expe- 
dition bee Established in the Kings pay, I beg y® Command 
of my own Regiment & that his majesty would be graciously 
Pleased to apoint Coll° Broadstreet who was the first Pro- 
jector of the Expedition and who has distinguish'd himself 
upon all occasions to be my Lieu*^ ColP and as my Private 
affairs will call me to new England shoud his majesty be 
pleased to gratify me. I must beg his leave to be there 
when my absence from my Regiment and the Kings Service 
can be dispensed with. I beg leave to assure your grace 
nothing woud have Contributed more to the success of his 
majestys army then the command of the Squadron being 
given to a gentleman of Comadore Warrens distinguished 
Character, he is of such a disposition as makes him greatly 
beloved by the People in new-England, and in the Colonys 
in General, and is highly worthy of the Trust reposed in 
him & of his majestys favours. 

I am with the greatest respect My Lord Duke 

Your Graces most Obedient and most humble Serv* 
Lewisburg the 19*'^ June 1745 William Pepperrell 

To his Grace the Duke of Newcestle. 



William Pepperrell to the Duke of Newcastle. 

My Lord Duke 

I have already had the Honour to transmit to your Grace, 
in Conjunction with Commodore Warren, an Account of the 
Success of his Majesty's Arms, in the Reduction of Louis- 
burg, and Territories adjacent, to his Majesty's Obedience ; 
which was happily effected on the sixteenth Instant, by an 
Army of his Majesty's New England Subjects, whom I have 



302 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Honour to be at the Head of, assisted, on the Sea Side, 
by a Squadron of his Majesty's Ships under the Command of 
Mr. Warren, said Fortresses & Territories being Surren- 
dred, on Terms of Capitulation, of which a Copy was for- 
warded to your Grace, with our Letter, and Duplicate is 
herewith inclosed. On the 17*'' Instant his Majesty's Ships 
entered the Harbour, and the same Day part of the Troops 
with my self, marched into the City, since which have used 
the utmost Diligence, in making the proper Dispositions, for 
the Security and good Regulation of the place, and the Speedy 
Evacuation of it, agreable to the Terms of Capitulation. I 
have now the Honour to inclose to your Grace, an Account 
of what Troops Vv'ere raised in each of his Majesty's Govern- 
ments in New England, which were aiding in this Expedition 
and the present State of them. And I flatter myself his 
Majesty will be graciously pleased to approve of their Zeal, 
in voluntarily engaging in so expensive, and hazardous an 
Enterprize even before they had Notice of any other Naval 
force than the private Vessels of War, fitted out by them- 
selves, and I humbly beg your Grace's leave to say, that I 
should not do my fellow Soldiers justice, if I omitted this 
opportunity to assure your Grace that they have with the 
utmost chearfullness endured almost incredible Hardships, 
not only those necessarily incident to a Camp, in such an 
inclement Climate, where their Lodging and accommodations 
could not be but of the poorest Sort, but also in landing and 
transporting with infinite Industry and Pains, our hea^^y 
Artillery ( some of which were 42^'' Cannon ) several Miles, 
in cold foggy Nights, over almost impassible Bogs, Morasses, 
and rocky Hills ; also in landing the Warlike Stores and Pro- 
visions, in doing which the}' were extreamly exposed, and, 
at the same time, We were obliged to keep out large Detach- 
ments to range the Woods, in order to mtercept and disperse 
parties of the French and Indian Enemy, who were gathering 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 303 

together behind us, with whom we had several Skirmishes, 
in all which we routed the Enemy, killed and wounded many 
of them, and took above two hundred prisoners. Several 
Sallies were also made from the Garrison, in all which we 
repulsed the Enemy with very little Loss on our Side ; and 
we have been so happy, through God's Goodness, as not to 
lose above One hundred Men, by the Enemy in the whole of 
this great Enterprize. They held out against a close Siege 
of forty nine Days, during which time, We raised five fascine 
Batteries, from whence, and a large Battery deserted by the 
Enemy on our landing. We gave them above Nine thousand 
Cannon Balls, and about Six hundred Bombs, which greatly 
distressed them, and much damaged their Fortifications ; and 
in particular rendered useless the most considerable Battery 
of the Town ( called the Circular Battery ) which mounted 
Sixteen large Cannon, and very much commanded the Har- 
bour. The Fatigue of our Men in all these Services was so 
great, that We had near fifteen hundred sick at a Time ; not- 
withstanding all which they not only continued to express 
the greatest Zeal to go on Vigorously against the Enemy, 
but in general, generously acquiesced in the Loss of the 
Plunder they expected from the Riches of the City: and 
though undisciplin'd Troops, I'm persuaded his Majesty has 
not in his Dominions, a Number of Subjects more universally 
Loyal, or that could possibly express greater Readiness to 
spend their Lives in the Cause they were embarked in, for 
His Majesty's Honour, and the good of their Country. I 
esteem it a peculiar Favour, and of the happiest Consequence 
that His Majesty's Ships sent so timely to our assistance, 
were under the Command of a Gentleman of such distin- 
guished Merit, and so universally beloved in New England, 
as Commodore Warren, he has constantly exerted himself 
to give the Army all possible Assistance ; and the Same Day 
that a Suspension of Hostilities was desired by the Enemy, 



304 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

We had determined upon a general Assault by Land and 
Sea, and for the better Manning the Ships for that purpose, 
it was agreed to spare them Six hundred Men out of our 
Troops. I have the Honour, also, to inform your Grace, 
that in our Way from New England, We stopt at Canso, and 
began to rebuild the Fortification there, which the French 
destroyed last Year, and left light Cannon with the necessary 
Stores, and Eighty Men of the Troops, to compleat and 
defend the Same ; which hope will meet with His Majesty's 
Gracious approbation. We have also destroyed the Town and 
Fort of St. Peters, and Several other considerable Settlements 
upon this Island ; and may the happy Success of this Expe- 
dition against Louisbourg (The pride of the French) 
whereby His Majesty has the Key of the great River S* 
Lawrence, and by which the absolute Command of the Fish- 
ery, and indeed very much of the whole Trade of North 
America is secured to His Majesty's Subjects, be a happy 
prelude to the Reduction of all the French Settlements in 
America, in which will your Grace permit me to Say I am 
confident, His Majesty's New English Subjects will at all 
Times be ready to contribute their utmost assistance, as far 
as their Circumstances will admit of, and His Majesty's great 
Goodness leaves no room to doubt but that he will be gra- 
ciously pleased to express his Royal Favour toward those 
who engaged in this Expedition, in Such Manner as will ani- 
mate them, and their Country to proceed further, with the 
greatest Chearfuhiess. I must not omit to acquaint your 
Grace that the French in Conjunction with the Indian Enemy, 
had prepared to besiege the Garrison of Annapolis Royal ; 
this Summer Seven or eight hundred of them having gath- 
er'd together there expecting as 'tis said, an Armament from 
France to join them ; but were called off from thence to the 
Relief of Louisbourg, but did not arrive in Season. It appears 
that there were notwithstanding, about Two thousand Men 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 305 

able to bear Arms in the City when it was Sunendred. I 
have now the Honour to inclose, also, to your Grace an 
Account of the State of this Fortress, and of the Stores found 
here ; and beg your Grace's Leave to mention that the 
Inclemency of this Climate will render it absolutely necessary 
that particular Care be taken for the warm Cloathing and 
Lodging of the Troops posted here. I presume His Majesty 
will be pleased forthwith to make known His Royal pleasure 
relating to this Important Place, till which Time I shall 
endeavour, with the utmost Loyalty, and my best Discression 
to promote the Security and good Regulation thereof, and 
beg Leave to Subscribe myself with all possible Duty and 
Respect 

May it please your Grace, Your Grace's most Obedient 

and most humble Servant 

William Pepperrell 
Louisbourg June 28*^ 1745 

William Pepperrell to the Duke of Newcastle. 

My Lord Duke Duplicate 

I beg Leave to trouble yo'' Grace to request yo' favour in 
my behalf to His Majesty that if my Services in y® Expedi- 
tion against this place have merit'd His Majestys Gracious 
Notice I ma}^ obtain His Royal Commission for y® Governm*^ 
hereof w""^ hon"^ should His Majesty condecend to grant me I 
shall at all times Use my utmost Endeavors for y* defence & 
good regulation of it and I humbly conceive it might be of 
Service to y* Settlement of this Island if I might have Leave 
to repair to New England when His Majestys Service would 
allow of it 

Your Graces favour herein will Lay the highest Obliga- 
tion on 

Yo^ Graces Most Obed* & Most Hum*'^^ Serv' 

Louisbourg July 30**^ 1745 William Pepperrell 

20 



306 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter Cap^ Ro¥ Rutherford to Josiah Willard 

S' Georges Sep* 8''^ 1745 

Y' universal and Established character, viz, a pure 
patriot of the civil & religious rights & Interests of y® Coun- 
try gained & maintained with aprobation, tho' various periods 
of time, & vicissitudes of providence turned the Eyes of the 
subscribers of the adress that comes herewith by Cap*^ 
Saunders to his Excell^ & hon^'® Council & therefore 
Importuned me, In their name to, y'^ hon" concurrence, 
assistence & Interest in promoting & securing to us, one of 
the two petitions contained in the Adress : viz. Either Cap* 
Bradbury's Continuation in his gsent post of Command in 
this fort : Which is y® unanimous desii'e of officers, soldiers, 
& adjacent Inhabit** in these present settlem**, as apears by 
their voluntary subscriptions, to which a double number 
might been added, had not the first motion been the Act of a 
few, a secret unkno\^^l to Cap* Bradbury himself, and so y® 
M [ sic ] Acted more secretly, and now are prevented by 
Cap* Saunders Arival whom all designed as their Messenger 
and trusty Agent at Court. 

But if this petition to our great loss and sorrow, should 
drop, by Cap* Bradburys declining, or resigning his present 
Command : The second petition or prayer in y® Adress is of 
Considerable Importance, and great Consequence to us & 
Equally deserves & requires y'' Hon'^^ particular regard & 
assistence : viz That his ExcelP® and hon" may promote to 
that post a person whose Military Endowments & Experi- 
ence, may be Adorned with the principles and practice of 
true revealed Religion And godliness, which are not incon- 
sistent qualifications : tho the latter is often overlookd if not 
neglected in the choice & promotion of officers, which go's 
more & oftner by affection & Interest ; than proper qualifi- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 307 

cations «& Just desert, to the grate disappointm* of the State, 
and disgrace of Religion. 

The Press is pressed, and the pulpits ring, with the Just 
Complaints, of y® decay of Religion and vile degeneracy from 
the pure and piouss principles of Ancesstors: Among y^ 
many jued causes of this growing grievouss & dangerouss 
defection : I have often wondard that, [ the ] ill priples of 
many officers with their Influence upon their pupills, have 
passed unobserved ; Which to me apears a prolifick cause of 
Arminianism, the side wind which brigs into our harbours, 
the self pleasing Comodities and traffick of Diesm and hber- 
tinesm w^ are paint in vite a religione Militeri, to cover the 
Coarse Canvass of Athism from the eye and cognisance of 
civil law, but this paint proves too thinn to cover from 
Judgeiciouss e)^es, the lurking serp* full of catching and 
deadly poison. 

This observation I humbly submit to y'' Hon''^ deeper pen- 
etration, with this remark, that the scripture Aphorism, like 
priest like people, is Equally true if thus Apply**, Like Cap* 
like soldiers : And as many of ^ youth of N : England, in the 
respective forts & service of the province happen to fall 
under such officer-tutors ; they too fondly Imbibe, in that 
state & day of youth the deadly poison, and spreads it in the 
respective townships on their return. * 

If Cap* Bradbury should resign, many will use their 
Interest & suceed him, & tho' there may be some expectants 
here, yet there are none, I could in Conscience, recomend and 
therefore must y* care & Interest in such nomination and 
promotion with which concludes Y"" Hon" Most Obed* Hum- 
ble Serv* Rob* Ruth^ford 
[ Superscribed ] 
To the Hon^^® Josias Willard.Esq' Secret' 
to his ExcelP® the Gov"^ At his house in Boston 
g Cap* Saunders 



308 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Sir William PepperreU to the Duke of Newcastle. 

My Lord Duke A copy 

I have the Honour of your Grace's Favour of the 10*'' of 
August by the Shirley Galley, w*''' came to hand the 23"' of 
Sept^ — I beg leave to assure your Grace that it gives me 
the highest pleasure to find thereby that the News of the 
Reduction of Louisbourg and the Territory thereto belonging 
was received with so much Satisfaction by his Majesty, and 
their Excellencies the Lords Justices, and that they have 
done me the Honour to signifie their Approbation of my best 
Endeavours for the Service of my Royal Masters Interest, 
and the Good of my Country, in this Enterprize, and I would 
beg Leave especially with the utmost gratitude to acknowl- 
edge and render my most humble Thanks to his Majesty for 
his Royal Favour in the great and unexpected Dignity he 
has been graciously pleas' d to conferr on my Family by cre- 
ating me a Baronet of Great Brittain ( for your Grace's Con- 
gratulations thereon I beg sincerely to thank you ) I hope I 
shall always be ready to express a just Sence of his Majesty's 
Royal Goodness to me therein, by improving all Opportunities 
in my power to cultivate and confirm in the Hearts of all his 
Majesty's New English Subjects those Principles of Loyalty 
and Attachment to his Royal Family which are already so 
universally embraced by them and by exerting my self on all 
occasions for the Honour of his Majesty's Arms. 

It is also peculiarly gratefuU to me to find that his Majesty 
has been graciously pleasd to express his Royal Approbation 
of the officers and Soldiers engaged with me in the Expedi- 
tion against this place ; and I esteem it very happy that such 
speedy Measures are concerting for the effectual Support and 
Encouragement of this Acquisition, as appears by the Troops 
and Stores ordered here, mentioned in your Graces Letter, 
and by the other particulars which M"^ Warren and my self 
took the Liberty to recommend, being under Consideration «& 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 309 

intended to be determin'd upon without Loss of Time and it 
was with pleasure that I received your Grace's Information 
that the Government of this place is given to a Gentleman so 
qualified & dispos'd to promote the Welfare and prosperity 
of it as M' Warren, and that the good Agreement which 
hitherto has and I'm persuaded always will subsist between 
us is so acceptable to his Majesty and their Excellencies : 
and as nothing induced me to engage at first in this Enter- 
prize but the Honour of his Majesty's Arms and the Good of 
my Country, I determin'd possitively not to let any punctilio's 
of Ceremony with the Chief commanding Sea Officer in 
Regard of Precedency or Superiority in Command prejudice 
his Majesty's Service, as has been the Case in several Expe- 
ditions ; and I shall with Satisfaction leave this place under 
his protection as soon as his Commission and the Troops nec- 
essary for the Security of it shall arrive here. Your Grace 
will be infonnd by him of the Capture of a rich South Sea 
Ship, Two East India Ships, and several other valuable prizes 
that were taken in sight of the Troops some Weeks after we 
had possession of this Fortress, and which they think it will 
be a Hardship for them not to share in, whilst it will be so 
great a Reward to the Sea Ofificers and Saylors. Your Grace's 
Directions in Respect of the Drafts and Accounts for the 
Repairs and other necessary Charges here will be carefully 
regarded, also that, no Opportunity be omitted of cultivating 
a good Agreement with the Indians now in the Interest of 
the French : And I beg leave to assure your Grace that I 
shall continue my best Endeavours whilst there, in Conjunc- 
tion with M'' Warren ( and also with Governour Shirley ) to 
promote the good Settlement and Security of this Conquest 
which we have been so happy as to be instrumental in gain- 
ing to his Majesty at this critical juncture : and I beg leave 
to observe to your Grace that it is with the greatest Justice 
to Governour Shirley that their Excellencies are pleasd to 



310 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

express their Assurance of his hearty Concurrence and Assist- 
ance herein : His great Zeal, intire good Conduct, and inex- 
pressible Application in forming and carrying into Execution 
the Expedition against this place must be in some Measure 
known to his Majesty, and needs not my mention of it at this 
Time, which otherwise I could not omit. I had Opportunity 
immediately to deliver to him here the Packets inclosed for 
him in your Grace's to me; he having been at Louisbourg 
for some time past, in order to contribute his and the Massa- 
chusetts province's best assistance in regard to the Measures 
necessary to be taken for the Support of this place ; and as 
he will by this Opportunity transmit to your Grace a partic- 
ular Account of affairs here, 1 need not trouble you with a 
Repetition of them ; only beg Leave further to observe to 
your Grace that when Gov' Shirley first proposed it to me to 
take the Command of the Troops raised for this Expedition 
I declin'd it upon Account of the Circumstances of my Fam- 
ily and Business which I thought were such as would not 
admit of my leaving them ; and that it was by his Importu- 
nity that I was prevail'd upon to take the Command of them, 
he urging as a Reason therefor that the Expedition would 
not go on without himself or I should go at the Head of it, 
and that if he was to go, ( besides his Doubt whether he could 
possibly justifie his leaving his Government without special 
Leave from his Majesty ) this Expedition might not be prop- 
erly Supported from New England in his absence ; and since 
the Reduction of this place he has desired me to remain here 
imtill it is effectually secured by his Majesty, but hope I 
shall have Liberty to visit my Family very soon. 

I am with all possible Esteem & Regard 

May it please your Grace 

Your Grace's most obedient and most humble Servant 

William Pepperrell 
Louisbourg Oct' 3'^ 1745 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 311 

Letter Qen^ Court to S^ W"^ Pepperrell 

Province of the 
Massachusetts Bay 

Boston Dec' 24. 1745 
Sir 

As his Excellency's wise Choice and Appointment of you 
to tlie Chief Command of the Land Forces, on his first form- 
ing the Design to reduce Cape Breton, gave us great Satis- 
faction and hopes, so your brave and successful Execution of 
this important Trust, has given us the highest Joy and 
Pleasure : And we do with the greatest Sincerity Congratu- 
late you on the Approbation and favour your great and good 
Services met with from Our most gracious Sovereign, by his 
creating you a Baronet of Great Britain, an Honour never 
before conferred on a Native of New England, and we 
heartily rejoice, that as a farther Assurance of his Majestys 
Satisfaction in your Conduct, Courage and Fidelity, His 
Majesty has Appointed you Colonel of a Regiment designed 
for the Preservation of the important Acquisition you so 
bravely obtained: We have no Occasion now to debate, 
whether it be a greater Glory to procure or preserve a Con- 
quest, you have done both. You first reduced a strong and 
almost impregnable Fortress and then chearfully submitted 
to the Difficulties and Inconveniences of continuing on the 
Place for the Quiet and Satisfaction of the Officers and 
Soldiers who you had so happily led on to Victory. 

And we cannot forbear mentioning what every one pro- 
claims to your Honour, that no mercenary or vain Consider- 
ation induced you to Accept of this difficult and hazardous 
Service, nothing but a Zeal for his Majesty's Interest and an 
ardent Affection to the good of your fellow Subjects, could 
have carried you from the most affluent Fortune among us, 
and from the head of his Majesty's Council, the highest 
Honour your native Country could put upon You. 



312 DOCUMENTAHy HISTORY 

We heartily congratulate you that so brave a Commander 
as Admiral Warren had the Direction of His Majesty's Ships 
of War, and on your and his mutual, wise and harmonious 
Conduct in this important Affair which has proved so bene- 
ficial for the producing this great Event. 

We earnestly pray that the same kind Providence which has 
hitherto remarkably attended and crowned your faithful ser- 
vices with Success, may still preserve and long continue you 
in favour of your King and an Honour and Blessing to this 
your Native Country. 

In the Name and by Order of the Council 

Josiah Willard Secretary 
In the Name & by Order of the House of Representatives 

Thomas Cushing Sp'ker 



Gov''' Shirley to the Duke of Newcastle. 

Boston New England February 27^^ 1746 
My Lord Duke, 

I am sorry that I am now to Acquaint your Grace with 
the Advices I receiv'd last Night by Express from Nova 
Scotia giving me an Account that the Detachment of Troops 
under the Command of Lieu* Colonel Noble, which I Inform'd 
your Grace in my last of the 21** instant had taken possession 
of Minas, and had kept it near two Months, was for want of 
a proper Security for the Men and Intelligence from the 
Inhabitants surpriz'd on the 31** of January last at three 
o'clock in the morning by between 5 & 600 Canadeans and 
Indians, m which Lieu* Col** Noble with four officers more 
and about 80 men were killed, and thi-ee officers and about 
60 men were wounded and taken prisoners before it was light 
enough for our people to get together ; they however oblig'd 
the Enemy, upwards of 20 of whom were killed, and about 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 313 

16 wounded to allow 'em an honourable Capitulation, a Copy 
of which I Inclose to your Grace together with the Account 
given of this Affair by the Officer who was Commandant of 
the Detachment at the time of the Capitulation, & Extracts 
from Lieu* Govemour Mascarene's Letter to me upon this 
Subject, from whence I choose your Grace should receive the 
Acco' in the same light it has been Convey'd to me in, and 
which upon the best Inquiry I can make, seems to be a just 
one - I also Inclose to your Grace an Extract from Col° 
Noble's Letter to me dated two days before his death, giving 
me an Account of the Situation of Affairs then at Minas ; 
from whence your Grace will perceive that even then he was 
in Expectation of being join'd by the Rhode Island Forces, 
& the Company from this Province, which had the Misfor- 
tune to be Shipwreck'd, and that, had they arriv'd at Annap- 
olis, and the New Hampshire Companies had not return'd 
home without acting, the Enemy would m all probability ha' 
been drove out of Nova Scotia, and every good purpose 
which I had propos'd been answer'd before this time as it is, 
I shall use my best Endeavours forthwith to fit out a Suffi- 
cient force by Sea to destroy M'' Ramsay's Vessells at Schieg- 
necto, and recover our own by Spring, & to send M' 
Mascarene such a Reinforcement of Troops as may still drive 
the Enemy out of Nova Scotia by the same time and prevent 
any bad Consequences from the late accident there, which 
seems necessary to be done ( if possible ) and I shall hope to 
Succeed in, if the neighbouring Governments of New Eng- 
land will assist in which I shall urge "em to do. 

I likewise inclose the Answer of the Inhabitants of Minas to 
the French Letter which I sometime ago Inf orm'd your Grace 
I sent M'^ Mascarene last Fall, and a Paragraph out of one of 
his Letters to me upon the same Matter, whereby your Grace 
will perceive that that Letter seems to have had an happy 
Effect upon the Inhabitants at a most critical Conjuncture. 



314 DOCUMENT AKY HISTORY 

The late Secresy of the Inhabitants of Minas with regard 
to the Enemy's motions, and the very certain Intelligence 
which the Enemy gain'd of the particular Quarters of the 
English officers, notwithstanding their Supplying the Kings 
Troops with provisions, and the Curtesy of their Behaviour 
to 'em before this Surprize, and their professions of being 
sorry for it afterwards, seems to show the necessity of His 
Majesty's keeping a strong Blockhouse there with a garrison 
of 150 Men ; And the constant ill behaviour of the Inhabi- 
tants of Schiegnecto seems to make another Blockhouse with 
a like Garrison there equally necessary, as I at first propos'd 
to your Grace from Louisbourg, and these two with a Fort 
and Garrison at Chebucto of 300 Men at least, and the con- 
tinuence of a Garrison of 300 at Annapolis Royal as it is at 
present, with a strong Blockhouse at Canso garrison'd with a 
100 Men would through the constant Correspondence that 
might be kept up between the several Garrisons be an effect- 
ual Security to the Province against the Enemy, and oblige 
the Inhabitants in a little time to Contribute towards the 
protection & Expence of the Government, and forever frus- 
trate any hope the French could Entertain of making them- 
selves Masters of it, by their constant Endeavours to Seduce 
the Inhabitants from their Allegiance ; All which would 
make Nova Scotia really His Majesty's, which it seems 
scarcely to have been yet: And 1 would submit it to your 
Grace's Consideration, whether this might not be done by 
Augmenting General Phillips's Regiment to 100 men each 
Company, and posting 'em in Nova Scotia, & detaching some 
Companies from Louisbourg to garrison what places may be 
thought proper in Newfoundland, where four Companies of 
Phillips's Regiment are now employ'd ~ And I would further 
Submit to your Grace's Consideration whether a Company of 
Rangers consisting of 100 Indians, or rather two Companies 
consisting of 50 each, one to be posted at the Blockhouse at 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 315 

Minas, aud the other at Schiegnecto would not be of the 
greatest Service, in Scouting thr6 every part of the Province 
and in the Woods upon every Emergency ( for which the 
Regular Troops are by no means fit ) and particularly in pre- 
venting the French from Introducing men from Canada into 
the Province by the Bay Vert ; I think the great Service, 
which Lieu* Colonel Gorham's Company of Rangers has been 
of to the Garrison at Annapolis Royal, is a demonstration of 
the Usefulness of such a Corps, besides that it may be a 
means of bringing Indians out of the French Interest into 
His Majesty's Service, and go far towards reclaiming 'em in 
general, especially if ( as I have before propos'd for your 
Grace's Consideration ) two Trading or Truck houses were to 
be maintain'd one at Minas, and the other at Chiegnecto, for 
Supplying the Indians with all necessaries in exchange for 
furrs, and proper presents were made to 'em in the manner 
which the French use, to keep 'em m their Interest. 

And if your Grace would allow me the Freedom to offer 
my Sentiments concerning what appears to me to be farther 
necessary for putting this important Province of Nova Scotia 
( I think I may justly call it the most important to the Crown 
of any upon this Continent ) in Security, I sho'd propose one 
of His Majesty's Arm'd Sloops ( or Snows ) with a Tender to 
be constantly employ'd in the Bay of Fundy for visiting all 
parts of it upon every Occasion, as well as the several Har- 
bours on the Cape Sable Coast ; And one of His Majesty's 
Frigates to be employ'd for the protection of the Fishery at 
Can so ( as was always usual in time of peace ) which together 
with a Tender would also be of great Service in duly attend- 
ing the Bay Verte, upon every occasion, and likewise visiting 
the Coast of Accadie ( or Cape Sables .) besides protecting the 
Fishery. 

Since writing the last Paragraph I have heard of some 
other particular Circumstances, which make it very suspicious 



316 DOCUIMENTAEY HISTORY 

that several of the luhabitants at least of Minas knew of the 
Enemy's Motions, & I find that it is the general opinion of 
the officers that they did. - 

I am with the most dutiful Regard My Lord Duke, 

Your Grace's most devoted & most humble Servant 

W. Shirley 



Letter Josiah Willard Sec^y to Capt TF"' Burnes ^ Oapt. 

David Cargill 

Boston, May 2, 1746. 
Sir, 

I am directed by the Govern'' to acquaint you that he 
has had Applications made to him from the House of Repre- 
sent''^' Importing that the Soldiers were uneasy under your 
Command ; and therefore his Excellency expects that you do 
Justice to your Soldiers & give them no Ground of Com- 
plaint. His Excellency also orders that you take special 
Care for the guarding the Inhabitants in bringing their Cord 
wood to the Water, & in the loading of it aboard the Ves- 
sels, so far as is possible without neglect of the more 
immediate and necessary Defence of the Inhabitants 

Cpt" W" Burnes 
Capt David Cargill 



Gov^ Shirley to the Duke of Newcastle. 

Boston May 10^'^ 1746 
My Lord Duke 

Since I had tlie honour of writing to your Grace, I am 
inform'd by M'' Warren that between the last day of Novem- 
ber and the beginnmg of April upwards of 890 men had died 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 317 

at Louisbourg ; but have the Pleasure to hear now that the 
Mortality & Sickness are intirely ceas'd in the Garrison, and 
that the People are in very good health & Spirits, and that 
there are now remaining there 1700 of the New England 
Troops, so that those which I left there at my departure, & 
those which arriv'd from New England soon after, made up 
about 2600 Men, a Number more than sufficient for their 
defence in the Winter Season — This Mortality, which has 
destroy 'd one third Part of 'em must not be imputed to any 
unhealthiness of Climate ; for Louisbourg is agreed by all to 
have a very healthy one ; and the State of health in the Gar- 
rison at Annapolis Royal immediately after the Reduction of 
that Place was, I am informed, worse than that at Louisbourg, 
tho' there is not a more healthful Climate under the Heavens 
than Annapolis Royal is : But the irregular Method of the 
Soldiers living in their Barracks, which with their Change of 
Diet produc'd a scorbutick habit of Body, as that did a 
depression of Spirits, their want of some Necessaries in time, 
& above all the mixture of the sick & well, the living & dead 
under the same Roof, with other Irregularities, which increased 
instead of being reformed since my departure from Louis- 
bourg, and indeed were almost impossible to be rectify'd very 
suddenly in such a Garrison as that was, will sufficiently 
account for the sweeping Sickness they had among them - 
I inform'd your Grace in my last that upon hearing of the 
Arrival of seven of the Transports with part of the Gibraltar 
Regiments at Virginia, under Convoy of two of his Majesty's 
Ships, and their want of Pilots acquainted with the Cape 
Sable & Cape Breton Coasts, I immediately sent 'em round 
seven skilful ones by Sea an Express by land to appoint 
Lieu* Governour Gooch, & the commanding Officers of the 
Ships and Troops of it, and to hasten their departure for 
Louisbourg: Since which CapV Collins (the Commodore) 
has wrote word that the Pilots, which he says were necessary 



318 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

to 'em, were arriv'd safe and that he should sail with his 
Convoy ( the Soldiers being in good health & Spirits, as M' 
Gooch also informs me, and that but few have deserted ) by 
the first Week in April, and I have reason to think that tliey 
are by this time arriv'd at Louisbourg: And indeed it is 
remarkably happy that these Troops were blown off to Vir- 
ginia: had they arriv'd at Louisbourg in the last Fall, they 
would probably liave shar'd in the Sickness of the New Eng- 
land Troops ; and a want of sufficient Barracks ( which is still 
too much the Case ) Fuel and other Necessaries during the 
Winter, of which now they will I trust have good Supplies 
from hence, would have greatly distress'd 'em - I may like- 
wise hope that his Majesty's Ship Kingsale will Pay for the 
four Regiments and the Ordnance Store Ship, with great 
Artillery for Louisbourg & S* John's in Newfoundland, and 
officers & Matrosses belonging to the Train, are arriv'd by 
this time at Louisbourg with Admiral Townsend & Part of 
his Squadron from Antegoa, which I hear was blown back 
thither off the Northern Coast about two months ago in his 
Passage for Louisbourg by a violent Storm of Wind, which 
so shatter'd the Admiral's Ship as to make her unserviceable, 
and forced the Princessa & another ship of his Squadron from 
him, which we have not yet heard of, nor of the Vessel a 
Snow which had the small arms for the two American Regi- 
ments and the Powder for the Garrison. 

The late ravaging Sickness among the New England Troops 
at Louisbourg, the Uncertainty of what was become of the 
Troops sail'd from Gibraltar for the Garrison there, the abso- 
lute Promise I was oblig'd to lay my self under to the New 
England Soldiers, that upon their desire they should be dis- 
charged by the End of May, and the settled opinion of every 
Person in these Parts, especially the General Assembly's, M'' 
Warren's & Sir William Pepperrell's as well as my own, that 
the raising of mine and Sir William's Regiments here in any 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 319 

time for his Majesty's Service was impracticable, and the 
declining of the other Governments round about us to raise 
Men to relieve the New England Troops at Louisbourg, 'till 
a sufficient Garrison could be otherwise provided, gave me no 
small Uneasiness about the fate of his Majestys new Acquisi- 
tion for some time : I had indeed prevail'd on the Assembly 
of this Province to pass a Vote for the Encouragem* of eight 
hundred Men to be continu'd after the latter End of ]\Iay in 
the Garrison, 'till the first day of October next ; But as I 
dislik'd many Circumstances in their Scheme, & particularly 
that my Acceptance of the Vote would have been attended 
with an extraordinary Expence to the Crown ( as they sup- 
pos'd) of X 17000 Sterling, and that it would take away all 
Possibility of either Sir William Pepperrell's or my self's 
raising a Man for his Majesty's two Regiments under our 
respective Commands for some Months at least ; and I 
thouglit I discover'd a better Disposition among the People 
to enlist into 'em than was at first generally imagin'd, I 
rejected this Vote, and trusted intirely to the Success of 
enlisting Men into the two Regiments ; in which I have the 
Pleasure to acquaint your Grace I have prospered so far 
beyond my Expectation that I have rais'd for my own Regi- 
ment about 400 in this Province, 150 more in Pensilvania, & 
70 in New York and the Jerseys, & 150 more at Louisbourg 
And Sir Wiliam Pepperrell ( who is at Louisbourg ) had 
rais'd for his Regiment about 150 Voluntiers there, before my 
Officers could begin to inlist, & 150 more there since; and 
one of his Captains a Native of Connecticut about 50 more in 
that Colony, and another Captain in his Regiment a Native 
of New Hampshire about 50 more in that Province, and two 
of his Officers in New York & the Jerseys about 20 more 
there ; and I have reason to depend upon all or much the 
greatest Part of 'em being upon Duty at Louisbourg by the 
End of this Month, allowance being made for unfit Men, 



320 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Deaths & Desertions which usually attend the Service in like 
Cases : And I am in hopes Sir William & I may compleat 
our Regiments in good time for his Majesty's Service at Lou- 
isbourg; which with the Arrival of the Gibraltar Troops, 
and Protection of Admiral Townsend's Ships & the others 
which I hear are destin'd for the same service, will I dare say, 
sufficiently secure Louisbourg against any Imbarcations which 
may reasonably be expected from France, unassisted by the 
Inhabitants of Nova Scotia, the Indians in these Parts, & the 
People of Canada, which might be transported to Louisbourg 
by the Way of Bay of Vert, all which must depend upon the 
Enemy's Reduction of Nova Scotia ; For so large an Imbar- 
cation of Land Forces from France directly to Louisbourg, 
as would yield a sufficient Number of serviceable Men upon 
their Arrival there to make themselves Masters of the Garri- 
son, seems to be very difficult for 'em to succeed in ; and as to 
the Sea Side we may defy the Power of France to possess 
themselves of the Harbour, if properly defended by the Land 
Batteries, and the Ships design'd at present for the Protection 
of it 

Having before expressed to your Grace my Apprehensions 
of the danger there may be to Louisbourg, and indeed to New 
England & the British Colonies in general, 'till the Fidelity 
of the Inhabitants of Accadie ( Nova Scotia ) shall be better 
secur'd to his Majesty's Governm' than it now is, and the 
proper Method for doing that, I will not trouble your Grace 
with a Repetition of it ~ The more I consider this matter the 
greater Importance it seems to me to be of to his Majesty's 
Service ; and from the Informations I have receiv'd, I am 
persuaded nothing has hinderd the Accadians from taking 
up Arms against his Majesty's Garrison at Annapolis, but the 
Terror which the frequent Visits of the arm'd Vessel & Suc- 
cours sent from this Place two Years ago, and the Reduction 
of Louisbourg the last Year struck 'em with ; But the Court 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 321 

of Versailles can't possibly sleep long upon it, since the late 
Intendant & other principal Inhabitants of Louisbourg are 
transported to France, & will doubtless apprize the Ministry 
there of the invaluable Advantages that would accrue to the 
Crown of France from the french King's Recovery of Nova 
Scotia, which I have a few days since found so strongly rep- 
resented by Mons"^ de Frontenac an Intendant of Canada in a 
Letter from him to Monsieur de Pontchartrain then Minister 
of France, and published in an History of seeming Authority 
at Paris in 1744, that I could not forbear transcribing a Par- 
agraph out of it & inclosing it for your Grace's Perusal, as it 
falls in with what has long been my OAvn setled Opinion in the 
Matter ; And I think it my indispensable Duty to suggest 
again to your Grace my Fears that the Enemy will soon find 
an Opportunity of snatching Accadie by some sudden Stroke 
from his Majesty's Government unless the danger is remov'd 
out of the Heart of it there by a Removal of the most dan- 
gerous of the french Inhabitants from thence, & transplanting 
English Families there in their room, which I think very 
practicable from hence, having lately found means of trans- 
planting upwards, I believe, of an hundred Families from this 
Province to Louisbourg towards the Settlement of it, which 
yet I don't esteem of such Importance to be immediately done 
as the Settlement of Nova Scotia with faithful Subjects. 

In the mean while 'till this can be happily effected, & the 
Indians in those parts secur'd to the English Interest, I have 
propos'd to M'' Warren that a Detachment of 100 Men should 
be sent from Louisbourg to reinforce the Garrison at Annap- 
olis Royal, since the late Miscarriage of 182 out of 302 of the 
Recruits design'd for Annapolis in their Passage from Eng- 
land to the Garrison there - Ninety six of the Remainder of 
'em, which came in here, I with difficulty have got recovered 
in his Majesty's Castle William & at the Hospital at Boston, 
& sent a month ago to Annapolis, where I hear they are 

21 



322 DOCUMENT AKY HISTORY 

safely aiTiv'd, and twenty more who are in a fair way of being 
serviceable, I shall send from the Hospital within three days ; 
but the Garrison will still be weak, as M"" Mascarene has dis- 
miss'd most of the New England Auxiliaries, and they have 
not, I am inform'd, 220 effective private Men left besides 
their Artificers & Workmen : I have also recommended to 
M' "Warren the frequent sending of a Ship of War in order 
to prevent a Surprize ; & by his Opinion in Concurrence with 
Sir W"" Pepperrell's, M'^ Mascarene's & my own a Sloop has 
been hir'd & employ'd for about these last four Months to 
attend upon that Garrison, & carry Intelligence between 
Annapolis Royal, Louisbourg & Boston concerning the State 
of it & the Enemy's Motions, which we conceiv'd necessarj^ 
to be done for it's Security, & hope your Grace will not 
disapprove of. 

What M'' Frontegnac observ'd some Years ago to M"" Pont- 
chartrain concernmg the french King's recovering of Accadie, 
& making himself absolute Master of the great Bank (of 
Newfoundland) as in the inclos'd Extract of his Letter, 
seems so seasonable to be consider'd at this time, that I would 
beg leave to observe to your Grace upon it, that his Maf J'* 
holding the possession of Annapolis Royal & Newfoundland 
( already conceded to his Crown by the Treaty of Utrecht ) 
with his late Acquisition of Cape Breton, will put the whole 
Cod Fishery more in his Power than M"" Frontegnac's Scheme 
could have put it into the French Kings ; & that besides what 
M'' Frontegnac calls a Commerce more advantageous than 
the conquest of the Indies, & computes the Returns of at 
twenty Millions ( I suppose french Livres ) g annum it would 
furnish his Majesty with as good a Nursery of Seamen for the 
Royal Navy as the Colliery in England does, not to mention 
the great Consumption of British Manufactures vt^hich must 
be occasioned in carrying the Fishery on ; that tlie holding 
of Annapolis Royal in particular will be establishing to his 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 323 

Majesty the Mastery of the Northern part of the Continent 
against the French, secure to him inexhaustible Nurseries of 
Masts, Yards, Bowsprits & other Stores for his Navy, & Tim- 
ber for Ship-building within his Northern Colonies indepen- 
dent of any foreign State, to be purchased with British 
Manufactures & transported in British Vessels - that the 
Inhabitants of the Northern Colonies would in time make 
such an addition of Subjects to the Crown of Great Britain 
as would make their Number superior to that of any Prince's 
upon the Continent of Europe ; and in the mean wliile the 
Vent of Woolen & other British Manufactures, & all kinds 
of European Commodities imported into the Colonies from 
Great Britain, must increase in Proportion to the Increase of 
their Inhabitants : by all which means the main Sources of 
Wealth, & a larger Extent of Power by Sea & Land than any 
State in Christendom at present enjoys, seem capable of being 
secur'd to his Maj*^' Dominions ; But which will in the End 
otherwise be in all human Probability the Lot of the frencli 
Dominions ; And I would in particular observe to your Grace 
the most practicable Step the Enemy can attempt making 
towards their obtaining that seems clearly to be their rendring 
themselves ]Masters of Nova Scotia, the consequences of which 
would give 'em so strong an hold upon this Continent as 
would make it difficult to dislodge 'em, & put it very much 
in their Power to harrass & annoy his Maj'^'^ Colonies both 
by Land & Sea, in such manner as to weaken 'em extremely, 
if not by degrees finally subdue 'em. 
I am with the most dutiful Regards 

Your Grace's most devoted and obedient Servant 

W. Shirley. 



324 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

William Pepperrell to Buke of Newcastle 

My Lord Duke 

The Last I did myself the Honour of writing your Grace 
was in conjunction with Gov"^ Warren of the 18'^ of January 
Last to apprise your Grace of the weak condition of this Gar- 
rison owing to a fever that was then very rife among the 
Troops w''** proved fatall to about 1200 and adding thereto 
the Great scarcity of fuel and the want of many other Neces- 
sarys Your Grace will Easily Judge of the Difficultys, those 
that remain'd to compose the Garrison had to Encounter 
throughout a tedious winter. 

I have y^ pleasure to inform your Grace that ( through 
God's goodness) the Spring has opened a more agreeable 
Scene to us, and that the Troops that have Survived the Late 
fatall sickness, Enjoy now a good State of health and likewise 
that on the 21** Ultimo the Garrison was reinforced by the 
Safe Arrival from Virginia of all the Troops sent from Gib- 
raltar Except one Transport which got into new York, and 
moreover that on y® 8*^ Inst, arrived here Admiral Townsend 
with Two more of His Majestys Ships and in company with 
them the Kinsale & two Ships Loaded with warlike Stores 
for this Garrison that came from England under her convoy 

By the Kinsale I had the Honour of a Letter from your 
Grace of y® 11"^ of Sept. Last informing me His Majestys 
Royal goodness to me in appointing me a Colonel of one of 
the Regiments to be raised in His American Colonys for the 
defence of this Acquisition of His Majestys pleasure relating 
to the other officers of that Regiment. 

I am extreamly sorry that it has not been in my power to 
promote more of those that Served under me in the Expedi- 
tion, and behaved bravely therein not only on their Accounts 
who are unprovided but as it has rendered it more difficult to 
Govern' Shirley and my Self to fill up our Regiments, there 
are however inlisted here : 150 for his Regiment, and 304 for 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 325 

mine and : 200 : are already arrived from the Colonys, and T 
beg Leave to assure your Grace that nothing shall be wanting 
in my power to make up the Deficiency 

Your Graces Letters relating to our Regiment arrived first 
with Gov'' Shirley, who Enlisted for 3 : 5 : & 7 years, I hope 
my following the Example, w"*^ in many instances was 
unavoidable, will not be disapproved 

If it be consistent with His Majestys pleasure, it would be 
Singular Sattisfaction to me, that I might have y® Appoint- 
ment of a Chaplin for my Regiment and great would be my 
Obligations to your Grace for your favour herein, as JVP 
Warrens Commission for this Government is Arrived & 
a great accession of Strength to the Garrison, by the Gibral- 
ter Forces we have Concluded to discharge such of tlie New 
England Troops as have not Enlisted with M' Shirley & my 
Self as soon as Vesels can be had to Transport them to the 
Respective Colonys they belong to, and I propose then 
( depending upon my Royal Masters indulgence to me ) to 
return to New England to Visit my Family in hopes of 
recovering my health, w*^'* is greatly impaired by my fategues 
in y^ Camp & the Sickness that has prevaild in the Garrison, 
and this I am the more desirous of, as my being present in 
New England will I flatter my Self not a Little facilitate the 
duty of my recruiting officers and promote their Success 

And now will your Grace permit me to add that I shall 
ever retain amost gratefull Sence of His Majestys, and your 
Graces favours to me, and assuring your Grace that I am 
most firmly Attach*^ to the Intrest of my King & Country, I 
beg Leave w*^ the Most Dutifull regard to Subscribe &c &c &c 

Louisbourg: 21** may 1746 

My Lord Duke 

the above & foregoing is a copy of my Last to your Grace 
from Louisbourg, I am now to inform your Grace that I 
saild from thence, the 6^^ Inst, and Arrived here this day 



326 DOCUMBNTABY HISTORY 

that the Garrison was healthy when I left it, and the Trans- 
port from New York with the Troops, was safe Arrived there. 

I have the Honour now to reply to your Graces Letters of 
the 14*'^ of March & 9"' of April, and beg Leave to Assure 
your Grace that His Majestys commands Signifyed to me by 
your Grace, both as to the filling up of my Regiment, to the 
highest Establishment and for contributing what lyes in my 
power to Encourage and promote the intended Expedition 
against Canada, will have all possible regard paid to them. 

I need not acquant your Grace that while I am using my 
Utmost influence to Levy Troops for the Latter, that it must 
necessarily impede m some measure the Service in the former, 
but nothing for those great Ends that 1 can possible Effect, 
shall be wanting 

It is with the greatest gratitude I observe His Majestys 
Gracious intentions of approving my Reccommendations, as 
any Vacancys may liappen in my Regiment and I can most 
Sincerely assure your Grace that his and Every priviledge 
my Royal Master may be pleased to grant me. Shall be 
improved in the best manner for his Service, could it be 
thouglit Expedient that two hundred of the Rebell Prisoners, 
who may have been unwarily seduced, should be sent over 
for M' Shirleys and my Regiment, it might be a means of 
making good Subjects of them, w"^^ 1 mention to your Grace 
with all Submission. 

I hope shortly to transmit to your Grace an agreeable 
Account of my Success in Executing His Majestys afore- 
mentioned Commands and assurmg your Grace that I shall 
herein, and on Every occasion Endeavour to demonstrate the 
utmost Zeal, for His Service, I am with all possible defer- 
ence My Lord Duke 

Your Graces Most obedient and Most Humble Serv* 

William Pepperrell 
Boston: 24 June 174G 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 327 

G-ov'' SJiirley to the Duke of Newcastle. 

Boston May 31«* 1746 
My Lord Duke 

A Fortnight ago I had the honour of your Grace's Letter 
dated September 11"^^; and on monday Evening last by his 
Majesty's Sloop Hinchingbrook I receiv'd that of the 9*'' of 
April containing the general Plan for the Reduction of Can- 
ada, & his Majesty's Commands to me thereupon, w'^'' together 
with your Grace's Letters to the other Governours of his 
Majesty's Colonies, as far southward as Virginia, upon the 
same Subject ( as signifyed by your Grace ) were deliver'd to 
me by the commander of the Hinchingbrook, all w"^'' last men- 
tioned Packets I directly forwarded by Land Expresses to 
those several Governours Your Grace's Letter of the 14'* 
of March to inform me that Major General Frampton's Regi- 
ment was imbark'd for Louisbourg is not yet come to hand. 

I beg your Grace now will be pleas'd to give his Majesty 
the strongest assurances that in Obedience to his Commands 
I shall exert my utmost Endeavours to raise as large a Body 
of men within this Government for the present important 
Service, as the shortness of the time will permit, & to make 
the necessary Dispositions for carrying his Royal Pleasure 
into Execution, as far as it depends upon me, in the most 
successfull manner ; for doing which I shall immediately fur- 
nish myself with the best Intelligence & Liformation to be 
had in New-England from persons most knowing of the dif- 
ferent Passages into Canada by Land, the Situation of the 
Enemy's Country & of the Forts & settlements within it, as 
also of the Navigation up the River S* Lawrence as high as 
Montreal with the Settlements & fortifications upon it, & 
especially of the most advantageous manner of entring the 
Country, & carrying on the War on the Land side, as far as 
Montreal ; with the proper numbers for that part of the Ser- 
vice ; and shall from time to time Communicate my Senti- 



328 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ments to Lieutenant General S' Clair & Rear Admiral War- 
ren in all material points necessary to be consider'd of by 'em, 
before my Arrival at Louisbourg ; where I shall go pursuant 
to his Majesty's orders with the Troops w*'^ I shall be able to 
raise here as soon as possible ( I hope by some time in July ) 
& concert vv^ith them the most practicable & adviseable meas- 
ures for executing his Majesty's Commands ; in doing w*^^ I 
shall hope for the same success w''^ attended the Counsels 
form'd here m the late Expedition against Cape Breton, & 
notliing on my part shall be wanting to procure it. 

In the mean time I have recommended every thing to the 
Assembly & Council of this Province, w''^ I am commanded 
to do in your Grace's Letter; and in consequence thereof 
they have passed a Vote to enable me to raise 3000 men in 
his Majesty's Service for the present Expedition, by offering 
each man thirty pounds in bills of Credit of the old Tenour 
( equal to about four Pounds Sterlmg ) with a Blanket & 
Bed, to encourage 'em to Inlist, a Number I shall set about 
raising forthwith, if it is possible to do it, after the province's 
being much exhausted of men by the late mortality at Louis- 
bourg, & Numbers of their fighting men still there, & their 
other Losses of men by Sea & Land in the late Expedition, 
& the number still retain'd on board his Majesty's Ships ~ 
And I hope this Vote will be a good example to & influence 
the other Colonies upon the present great Occasion, & y*^ the 
four Governments of New-England may produce his Majesty 
about 5000 men m time for his present Service ; And I should 
think the other southward Colonies concern'd in the Expedi- 
tion against Canada ought in proportion to furnish about 
seven thousand men, especially as none of 'em have contrib- 
uted one man either by Land or Sea towards that against 
Cape Breton ; And I hope that a Number ( tho' it may be 
uncertain what ) will be rais'd there for his Majesty, espec- 
ially at New York, where in answer to one of my Letters to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 329 

Govemour Clinton about three months ago, w'='' he layd before 
the Assembly pressing them to Contribute their Assistance 
for the Defence of Louisbourg, & preservation of Nova Scotia 
against any early Attempts in the Spring, they say in answer 
to it, y* the Situation & Circumstances of their Colony will 
not permit 'em to do that. But if his Majesty shou'd be pleas'd 
to set on foot an Expedition for tlie Reducti on of Canada, 
they will most readily contribute their prop ortion ; w'^^ I have 
taken the Liberty to remind 'em of. 

The Assistance of the five Nations of the Iroquois, w'=" 
your Grace takes notice of as depended upon in this Expedi- 
tion, will be of the utmost Consequence to the Success of it, 
by greatly terrifying the Indians in alliance with the French, 
& discouraging the French themselves, & ought to be secur'd 
to his Majesty by all possible means ; w'''' I shall endeavour 
to do in Conjunction with Governour Clinton, & for w*='' pur- 
pose I have already sent 'em a Letter to be transmitted to 
'em thro his hands & w'''' I have reason to hope from their 
former Declarations & Messages to me may have some weight 
with 'em. 

I mention'd in a Letter to your Grace about a Year ago, y* 
these five Nations had been then lately upon the Point of 
going over to the French Interest upon some Jealousies w°^ 
have been instill'd into 'em of the People of Albany's having 
a design to destroy 'em ; But this was prevented by Gov- 
ernour Clinton's having an Interview with 'em in company 
with the Commissioners for the Massachusetts Bay, & other 
neighbouring Governments ; and the Indians were brought 
to promise to take up the Hatchet ( an expression used by 
them for making Warr ) against the French Indians whenever 
Govemour Clinton should order 'em to do it. 

It happened that during this Treaty with 'em news came 
to the Massachusetts Commissioners that the Enemy Indians 
had attack'd some of the expos'd Settlements on the Frontiers 



330 DOOUMENTAEY HISTORY 

of this Province, & kill'd some people there, whereupon they 
proposed this as a good Opportunity for immediately engaging 
the five Nations generally in the Warr against the French ; 
and even desir'd Liberty, if that was not thought proper, to 
engage a number of 'em in the Pay of this Government ag* 
the Enemy Indians on the Frontiers of tliis Province ; But 
both proposals were over rul'd by the Council of the Govern- 
ment of New York w*='' attended Goveniour Clinton upon 
tliis Occasion, & pursuant to their advice were denj^'d by 
him Soon after M"^ Clinton discovered the strong Biass w^"^ 
prevail'd in his Government, & particularly among tlie Com- 
missioners for Indian Affairs at Albany, who are all of 'em 
Dutch, towards preserving a Neutrality with the French 
Indians for the sake of carrying on the same Trade with 'em, 
w*^** they did durmg the last french Warr to the great preju- 
dice of his Majesty's other Colonies, & upon my return from 
Louisbourg I found a Letter from him signifymg this to me, 
& proposing y* we should concert measures between ourselves 
for engaging the five Nations in the Warr, & defeating the 
Dutch Scheme for a Neutrality ; I readily join'd with him in 
it, & propos'd that for securing the five Nations against the 
Artifices of the French to draw 'em over to their Interest & 
breaking thro the Neutrality projected in his Government we 
should forthwith employ proper persons of Influence among 
the Indians to draw 'em into an immediate Rupture with the 
Enemy by making 'em parties in some Skirmish or Attack 
upon the Enemy's Settlements, wherein blood might be drawn 
on one side or the other, a sure way found by experience of 
the Temper of the Indians to engage 'em for the whole Warr ; 
M'' Clinton agreed with me in Opinion, w*^** he assur'd me 
was determin'd by himself in the same way before, & 
Employ'd a Person on his part to carry the Scheme into 
Execution ; And I employ'd one M'^ Lydius a Person of gen- 
eral acquaintance & good repute among the Indians to engage 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 331 

'em in a Quarrell with the Enemy, & prevail'd upon the 
Assembly of this Province to advance 500^'^ new Tenour to 
him ( of the value of about 350"' Sterling ) towards giving 
'em Bounty money for the Enemy's Scalps, & Defraying the 
charges of their outsett with a promise of whatever Sums 
should be necessary for their & his own support in the Warr ; 
M' Lydius accordingly engag'd in this undertaking "till the 
Commissioners for Indian Affairs at Albany discover'd his 
proceedings, and upon the Alarm ( as I am inform'd by M'^ 
Clinton ) 2uade grievous complaints ag* him ; and the Council 
have prevail'd so far as to obtain a prohibition to Lydius not 
to act farther in this matter, & I believe to cite hun to 
answer for his past acting before their Board ; However he 
has proceeded so far as to engage several of the Iroquois to 
go out on scalping ( the term for destroying 'em & cutting 
off tlieir Scalps ) ag' the French Indians ( in w''"' I hoj^e he 
will succeed ) upon the Bounty & support promis'd by me, 
w'^'^ is the mam Dependance we have at present, for engaging 
'em in the Warr ~ This strong Desire of the Dutch within 
the Government of New York still to keep up a Neutrality 
with the French Indians & prevent the five Nations from 
entring into the Warr is the more surprizing, as they have 
not only had the whole Village of Sarahtoga cutt off by the 
French Indians in the most cruel manner, but their whole 
frontier of Albany ever since harrass'd with Depredations 
and Murthers within half a mile of the City of Albciny itself, 
from whence I am told the Inhabitants dare not stirr out, 
but suffer the Enemy's Insults within sight of their Walls, in 
so much that great Part of the Country is broke up ; And 
indeed they have been so much distress'd for some time, y* I 
receiv'd a Petition near three months ago from Numbers of 
'em Imploring the protection of the Massachusetts Govern- 
ment ag* the French Indians ; But did not think proper to 
take notice of so irregular a thing, lioping there would be no 



332 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

occasion for it, And knowing Govemour Clinton would do 
every thing possible to be done with bis Assembly for their 
safety However I hope upon this occasion as M*' Clinton 
has ever been spirited to the utmost for engaging the five 
Nations in the Warr & the Assembly of New York have pub- 
lickly declar'd their readiness to enter into an Expedition for 
the Reduction of Canada, & I have let 'em know y* his Maj- 
esty Depends on the Assistance of those Indians in the pres- 
ent intended one, y* they will heartily join with this & the 
other Neighbouring Governments in proper measure for 
securing this Point, w*"*^ I shall use my utmost Endeavours 
to unite his Majesty's Colonies in effecting As I likewise 
shall the several Governours in publishing a Declaration to 
all the Indians in general promismg 'em his Majesty's pro- 
tection & favour, in case they shall observe a Neutrality in 
the present Expedition, w*^** I am not without hopes would 
have a proper Effect upon 'em in the Alarm & Consternation, 
w*^^ the appearance of his Majesty's Armaments by Land & 
Sea & the fear of our Resentment in case of success may 
probably produce in 'em ; & this falling off from the French 
would ver}^ much dishearten them too. 

It is a great satisfaction to me upon this occasion that I 
find the Levies for my Regiment answer the prospect, I had 
when I last wrote to your Grace ; there being now, I believe, 
six hundred of 'em at Louisbourg, & 100 more ready to 
imbark ; And I shall use my utmost diligence to compleat it 
to the highest Establishment as I doubt not Sir William 
Pepperrell will do the same for his, towards w*^^ nothing can 
possibly contribute more than his Majesty's permitting us to 
recommend to the Vacancies in our respective Regiments : 
But the sudden raising of so large a body of men in all the 
Governments for his Majesty's Service in the present Expe- 
dition & the Encouragement for Enlisting into it, with the 
short time of the Service will unavoidably obstruct us ( in 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 333 

some Degree) in compleating our Regiments at present; 
when they are both compleated I hope they may, tho' new 
rais'd, be equal to the Duty expected from 'em this Summer, 
whilst so considerable a naval force as is intended, is kept in 
these Seas, and w*^^' may be, as your Grace is pleas'd to 
observe a considerable protection, to Nova Scotia too ; it not 
being probable that the French will then venture up with 
their Ships into Annapolis Bason ; But I would beg Leave to 
observe to your Grace, y' the Danger to his Majesty's Garri- 
son arises cheifly from within the heart of the Government 
itself, the Inhabitants & neighbouring Indians whose Num- 
bers are sufficient of themselves with a small Assistance from 
Canada, & the help of a proper Train of Artillery, slipt up 
the Bay in small Vessells ( w''*' would give 'em great Encour- 
agement to take up arms ag* the Garrison ) to reduce it. How- 
ever whilst the attempt ag* Canada is depending, that will 
certainly go far towards holding the Inhabitants of Nova 
Scotia in suspence till the success of it is known ; & I hope 
by next Spring they may either be put upon a better foot of 
Subjection, or the most dangerous among 'em remov'd. 

I will use my utmost Diligence to procure all the good 
Pilots, w*=^ are to be had in this Province for his Majesty's 
service in the present Expedition : and give M' Hutchenson 
all the Assistance I can, in contracting for any Quantity of 
Provisions he may think necessary to lay in for the use of his 
Majesty's Troops upon their Arrival in North America. 

I congratulate your Grace upon the favourable turn w'^'^ 
the Rebellion in Great Britain has taken, and the Prospect 
there is that the disturbances lately occasion'd by that of the 
threaten'd Invasion from France to his Majesty's Government 
at home are near an End — And tho' I should have been 
glad y' the Colonies could have had longer Notice given 'em 
to make the necessary Preparations for this Expedition yet 
as I am inform'd y* the Proclamation issu'd here upon the 



334 DOCUIHENTAIIY HISTORY 

present occasion will be earlier by ten clays tlian that issu'd 
on the like in 1711, and that the Fleet then rendezvous'd in 
this Harbour did not sail from hence in that year for the River 
of St. Lawrence till the month of September, whereas I expect 
that the Fleet may sail from Louisbourg this year by August, 
I hope we shall not be too late in the Season. 

No Diligence shall be wanting on my Part to forward this 
Enterprize, nor Endeavours to keep up a proper harmony and 
Spirit among the several Governments here for promoting it, 
and an Union of Counsels & agreement between General S* 
Clau', Admiral Warren & myself, w^^ I hope will afterwards 
subsist betw^een those two Gentlemen in carrying the Scheme 
w^'^ shall be finally settled, into Execution; and that his 
Majesty's Arms in this Expedition will be crown'd with 
success. 

I am with the most DutifuU Regard, My Lord Duke, 
Your Grace's most Oblig'd and most Devoted Humble Servant 

W. Shirley. 

P. S. Since finishing this I have receiv'd a Letter from 
Governour Clniton ; wherein he says " Since the Noise about 
" Lydius the Commissioners ( at Albany ) have fall'n into the 
"same method, that I was pursuing, w'''' is offering a sum of 
«' money in Dollars to any person, that will go & get a Scalp 
" of a French Indian so y* they find themselves oblig'd to Lay 
aside their Scheme for a Neutrality. 

The inclos'd Extract is from the Secretary of the Province 
of Nova Scotia. 

Extract of a Letter from Secretary Shirreff to M'' King 
Gould Agent for General Phillipss Regiment dated in March 
1745 sent open to Governour Shirley for his perusal. 

Besides in the Circumstances we are in if the Bay Vert & 
Chicknecto be not well attended & secur'd by proper Cruizers, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 335 

the Canadians may even send Parties with Cannon shells & 
other warlike Stores to Chieknecto, as they did the Indians 
presents last Fall, from whence, as our Inhabitants have 
Sloops & Shallops, they can bring them from thence, & Land 
them here in the River within sight of the Garrison without 
being hurt, so that without Shipping to defend our entry, 
( where we have had hints the Enemy intend if they return 
to build a Battery) we are in Danger not only from Old 
France, but even from that our Neighbouring Province ; if 
our Inhabitants are not remov'd, w'^'^ I humbly submit to 
Gen : Phillips's, to whom my most Dutifull Respects, & to 
your Consideration 

Examin'd W. Shirley 



Crov^ Shirley to the Duke of Newcastle. 

Boston June IS'*^ 1746 
]\[y Lord Duke, ( Copy ) 

Since I receiv'd your Grace's Letter dated the 9*^ of A prill, 
I have tlie honour to receive that of the IV^ of March 
informing me of the Imbarkation of Major General Frampton's 
Regiment for Louisbourg the appointment of Mr. Knovvles to 
succeed Admiral Warren in the Government of Cape Breton, 
& of his Majesty's Commands to the Admiral & myself for 
concerting measures for his Service at Boston & transmitting 
our Opinion touching the Number of Forces necessary to be 
rais'd in North America for the reduction of Canada : And I 
am particularly oblig'd to your Grace for the Assurance, that 
you are therein pleas'd to give me y' you will recommend me 
to his Majesty for the Command of Lieutenant General 
Phillips Regiment, when it shall become vacant, w**' addi- 
tional Instance of your Grace's Goodness to the favours con- 
f er'd upon me I shall ever retain a most gratefuU Sense of : 



336 DOCUMENT AKY HISTORY 

i 

And I may assure your Grace y* one of the principal motives, 
I had to desire I might succeed General Phillips in his Com- 
mand, was the hopes I have of it's putting it in my power to 
promote his Majesty's Service in his Province of Acadie, or 
Nova Scotia by securing the fidelity & allegiance of the 
Inhabitants there to His Majesty's Government in the best 
manner, and thereby preventing the French from making 
themselves masters of it the acquisition of w*^*^ to them with 
the help of the Indians would likewise endanger the Loss of 
the Province of New Hampshire & the Mast Country to his 
Majesty with the Fishery of the Acadie or Cape Sable's 
Shoar, including that of Canso, to his Subjects here in pres- 
ent; &, should not Canada be reduc'd would enable the 
Enemy to harrass & Diminish all his Majesty's Colonies on 
the Continent, & have an inevitable Tendency to make them- 
selves masters of the whole of it in time ; not to mention the 
continual Danger, w°'* their possession of Nova Scotia would 
at the same time expose Cape Breton & even Newfoundland 
to. 

These Considerations have induc'd me to take the Liberty 
of submitting it to your Grace, whether it might not be for 
his Majesty's Service, that before the six Regiments to be 
employ'd ag* Canada return to England, orders may be given 
that such part of them, as shall be thought necessary to assist 
in removing the most obnoxious of the French Inhabitants of 
Nova Scotia from thence, should be employ'd in that Service, 
w*^*" would not take up much time ; I am not certain whether 
a sufficient Strength might not be spar'd from the Garrison 
at Louisbourg a short time for thLs purpose, w'"'^ if it could, 
would make the Assistance of any other Troops needless. 

And I would particularly submit it to your Grace's Con- 
sideration, whether in case of any Disappointment in the 
present attempts for the reduction of Canada, the immediate 
removal of some at least of the French Inhabitants of Nova 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 337 

Scotia, & securing the province in the best manner would not 
be adviseable and even necessary. 

If your Grace should think this deserves so much of your 
Attention there will be time enough for transmitting his 
Majesty's Commands to me upon it before the present Expe- 
dition is over 

I am with the most Dutifull Regard My Lord Duke 

Your Grace's most Devoted & most Obedient Servant 

W. Shirley 

Crov'^ Shirley to the DuJce of Newcastle. 

Boston August 15*^ 1746 
My Lord Duke ( Duplicate ) 

I have endeavoured to represent to your Grace so fully in 
former Letters the great Importance of his Majestys holding 
the possession of Nova Scotia, and the Danger his Garrison 
there at Annapolis is in from the General Attachment of the 
Inhabitants of that province, and of the Indians under their 
Influence, to the Interest of the French, that I shall not 
trouble you with repeating it : But beg leave to lay before 
your Grace the Copy of my last Letter to Admiral Townsend, 
which will discover to your Grace that my Apprehensions 
concerning Annapolis Royal are not groundless; that the 
Spirit of the French Inhabitants still continues the same, as 
before the taking of Cape Breton : and that notwithstanding 
that Acquisition Nova Scotia will be in danger of being lost 
by some sudden stroke from Canada in Conjunction with the 
Nova-Scotians unless a method is Spedily taken for better 
Securing their Subjection and Fidelity to the Crown of Great 
Britain. I must acknowledge my fears of such an Event 
increase, as the more I consider what is the most practicable 
method for the French to Attempt the Recovery of Louis- 
bourg, either by force of Arms or gaining from his Majesty 

22 



338 DOCTJMENTARY HISTORY 

what may most probably be deemed an Equivalent in exchange 
for it, the more clearly it appears to me that making them- 
selves masters of Nova Scotia (which seems at present to be 
the easiest Acquisition they can make ) must be their Scheme : 
nay it may admit of some doubt whether they would be fond 
of Exchanging Nova Scotia for Cape Breton, as the former 
has between 5 & 6000 fighting men in it, besides a consider- 
able number of Indians Dependent upon it, abounds with 
proAdsions, has a great number of most Commodious Har- 
bours for large Ships, and exceeding plenty of the best of 
Fish along the Cape Sable Coast, and at Canso, & ( which 
seems to be a principal Consideration and to be guarded 
against as a matter of the most dangerous Consequence) 
would greatly strengthen 'em upon this Continent & probably 
put it immediately into their power at least to ruin his Maj- 
estys Woods m this and the provmce of new Hampshire, from 
which two nurseries his Royal navy is at present wholly Sup- 
plied with masts, yards &c* besides all which it would so 
much facilitate their Recovery of Cape Breton as perhaps to 
make 'em not so sollicitous about having it given up to 'em 
as otherwise they would be, since their being masters of Nova 
Scotia might raise their hopes of regaining Louisbourg by 
Force, or Surprize, if the war should continue any time, 
which without their gaining of nova Scotia they could not 
reasonably entertain and by this means the loss of that prov- 
ince might be attended with more Difficulty & perplexities, 
than may be at first sight perceived. 

I am sorry to hear from the Garrison at Annapolis Royal 
that there is a great Spirit of Desertion among their last 
Recruits, some of whom have actually deserted, and gone 
over to the French, by which means the Enemy will have 
intelligence of the State of the Garrison : This happens from 
the Recruits behig taken ( as I am informed ) out of the 
Refuse & Drags of the Jayls in England, and some of 'em 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 339 

being Irish Papists: and the Evil (which may be of bad 
Consequence ) seems easy to be Remedy'd if those Companies 
of Phillips's Regiment, which are posted at Annapolis Royall 
were permitted to Recruit with new England men, who are 
Stanch in their Fidelity to his majesty's Service, and have a 
great aversion to the French. 

I shall finish my troubling your Grace upon the affairs of 
Nova Scotia with this Letter after having once more Sub- 
mitted it to your Grace's Consideration as a proper Scheme 
for better Securing the Subjection of the French Inhabitants 
and Indians there ; that the Governour & Councill or such 
other person or persons as his majesty shall think fitt to join 
witli 'em, should have a special Authority and directions from 
his majesty forthwith to Apprehend & Examine a convenient 
number of such of the French Inhabitants, as shall be by them 
Judg'd to be most obnoxious & Dangerous to his majestys 
Government, and upon finding 'era guilty of holding any 
treasonable Correspondence with the Enemy &c* to dispose 
of them & their Estates in such manner, as his majesty shall 
order by his Commission and to promise his Majestys Gra- 
cious Pardon & a General Indemnity to the Rest for what is 
past upon their taking the Oaths of Allegiance to his Maj- 
esty : And to Cause either two strong Blockhouses ( or small 
Forts ) capable of holding 100 men each to be Built, one in 
Menis & the other in Schignecto which may be Garrison'd 
out of Phillips's Regiment when Compleated ; or else that at 
least one Blockhouse (or small Fort) should be Built at 
Menis capable of holding 150 men, and a trading house be 
kept at the Fort at Menis or some other part of the Province 
well Stock'd with all proper Supplies for the Indians to be 
sold or barter'd to 'em for Furrs &c'^ at the most reasonable 
Rates, and some presents annually distributed to 'em : by 
which means and removing the Romish Priests out of the 
province, & introducing protestant English Schools, and 



340 DOCTnVCENTARY HISTORY 

French Protestant Ministers, and due encouragement given 
to such of the Inhabitants, as shall Conform to the Protestant 
Religion, and send their Children to the English Schools, the 
present Inhabitants might probably at least be kept in Sub- 
jection to his Majestys Government, and from treasonable 
Correspondencies with the Canadians ; and the next Generar 
tion in a great measure become true Protestant Subjects ; and 
the Indians there soon Reclaim'd to an intire dependance 
upon & Subjection to his Majesty ; which might also have an 
happy Influence upon some of the Tribes now in the French 
Interest. 

Your Grace will be pleas'd to excuse all Incorrectness in 
this rough Sketch. 

I am with the most Dutifull Regard, My Lord Duke, 

Your Grace's most Devoted & most Obedient Servant 

W. Shirley. 

Gov'^ Shirley to Paul Mascarene Esq^^. 

A Letter from his Excellency William Shirley Esq"^^ Cap- 
tain General & Governour in Chief of the Province of the 
Massachusetts Bay to the Honourable Paul Mascarene Esq' 
Commander in Chief of the Province of Nova Scotia for the 
time being. 

Sir, 

Having been inform'd that the french Inhabitants of Nova 

Scotia entertain some Jealousy of a Design in the English 

Government to remove them with their Families from their 

Settlements, & transport them to France or elsewhere; I 

desire ( if you think it may be for his Majesty's Service ) that 

you would be pleas'd to signify to 'em, that it is probable if 

his Majesty had declar'd such Intention I might have heard 

of the same, but that I am perfectly unacquainted with any 

such Design, and am perswaded there is no just Ground for 

this Jealousy ; And be pleas'd to assure 'era, that I shall use 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 341 

my best Endeavours by a proper Representation of their Case 
to be laid before his Majesty, to obtain the Continuance of 
his Royal Favour & Protection to such of them, as shall 
behave dutifully & peaceably, & refuse to hold any Corre- 
spondence with his Enemies ; and I doubt not but that all 
such of 'em will be protected by his Majesty in the possession 
of their Estates & Settlements in Nova Scotia. 

And I desire you would also be pleas'd to inform 'em that 
it is expected from his Maj*^'^ french Subjects in that Prov- 
ince, who have for so long time enjoyed the same Privileges 
with his natural born Subjects there, & have been under a 
much easier Government than any of the french King's Sub- 
jects are in the neighbouring Province of Canada & other 
Parts of the french King's Dominions, that their Interest as 
well as their Duty and Gratitude should bind them to a 
strict Fidelity & Obedience to his Majesty and His Govern- 
ment ; But on the contrary if any of the Inhabitants of the 
said Province shall join with the Enemy (especially those 
that have been sent from Canada to seduce them from their 
Duty to his Majesty & Attachment to the English Interest ) 
they must expect to be treated in the same manner as his 
Majesty's English Subjects would be under the like Provoca- 
tions. 

I am with great regard Sir, 

Your most Obedient humble Servant 

W. Shirley 

Boston Sep'^ 16. 1746. 

Co'py of a Letter from Lieut* Colonel Qorham to (xovernour 

Shirley, 

Annapolis Royal Nov' 15. 1746. 
May it please your Excellency, 

This come to inform you that on Account of Bad Weather, 



342 DOCUIMENTARY mSTORY 

and tlie Reinforcement not arriving from New England, our 
Expedition up the Bay by Water is over for this Year ; and 
according to Custom, all intelligence and Expresses from 
thence are Stopt, tho many schemes are put in Execution to 
gain intelligence by Sea & Land, I have in Conjunction with 
Governour Mascarene used all endeavours with these Inhab- 
itants and their Priest to get Intelligence and to forward a 
number of your Excellencys Letters to Minas and to let them 
know that they may depend on being treated agreeable to 
your Excellencys Letter th6 the Canadeans and some guilty 
and disaffected Inhabitants are using all measures to make 
the others believe that the Letter is only to make them easy 
until we can get them in our power to Remove them ; which 
Report of Removing them has so Alarm'd them, that they 
hardly know what to trust to, I think there is no doubt the 
greater part of the Inhabitants up the Bay have us'd their 
endeavours (by fair means) to get the Canadeans to Return 
home and not to Winter amongst them as they expect to 
have Open war declar'd against them provided the Enemy 
keeps amongst them ; Tho I can't well understand how the 
Enemy can leave the Country till all is frose up. 

As it is already too late to go by water and their Sick and 
Prisoners & Baggage they cant well Transport by Land in 
the Winter makes one think they will keep possession of this 
Country except we have a Superiour Force to drive them out 
and their keeping this provmce is of no small Consequence 
to Canada not only in having all advices from New England 
by the way of these Inhabitants, but from Old France any 
Ship may put into any of the Cape Sable Harbours, when 
they could not Venture up the River of Canada by reason of 
the Winter and by this Method Convey a Packet and have 
an Answer in a fortnight or three weeks from Quebeck. 
Therefore in my humble Opinion it will be of the Utmost 
Consequence to get possession of Minas this Winter or in the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 343 

Spring provided the Canada Expedition goes on ; and in Case 
a sufficient Force arrive not this Fall to go to Mmas, I should 
think it much the surest and best way to send direct from N 
England early in the Spring to Minas without ever touching 
here or even letting this place have any knowledge of tlie 
same for they will soon know at Minas what we are about 
here, tho we cannot know what they are about there 

As to what advices we have about some large men of Wars 
being up the Bay, and a large Reinforcement of men and 
Stores by the Bay of Vert, I hardly know what to think 
about the Shiping, but the Reinforcement & Stores by the 
Bay of Vert may be probable they at Canada thinking this 
place was taken & accordingly might send the above men- 
tion'd men & Stores to reinforce the Garrison & Countiy & 
I believe it is true. Some Conjecture the Ships are some 
return'd back from the Fleet with the Governour on board, 
and that he will go to Canada by Land or fortify at Minas 
and make a tryal against this place in the Winter, but hope 
we shall by some of the Aforementioned Schemes soon get 
some better intelligence from thence than what we have at 
present till which time must beg leave to referr your Excel- 
lency to those more knowing in these affairs, I am Sir, 
Your most Obedient & humble Servant 

John Gorham 



Gov^ Shirley to the Duke of Newcastle. 

Boston November 21«* 1746 
My Lord Duke, 

I am afraid your Grace will think, from my incessant Rep- 
resentations of the State of Nova Scotia, that I imagine that 
Province should be the sole Object of your Attention : Noth- 
ing could induce me to be so importunate with your Grace 
upon this Subject, but the fullest Perswasion of the very great 



344 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Importance of that Place to the Crown, & the British Sub- 
jects, of the immediate bad Consequences of the Loss of it to 
his Majesty's Service, & the imminent danger of it's being 
lost, unless something is forthwith done for the effectual 
Security of it. 

The inclos'd Extract from M"" Mascarene's Letter & Copy 
of Lieut* Gorham's will disclose in a great Measure to your 
Grace their Apprehensions, & the Condition of the Province : 
The Number of the Enemy are increas'd at Menis ; they have 
again stopt all Communication between the Inhabitants & 
the Garrison, & are likely to keep footing there this Winter ; 
and particularly from Col° Gorham's Letter your Grace will 
perceive what Pains the Canadeans and Malecontents among 
the Inhabitants take to prevent my Letter lately dispers'd 
among 'em, in order to setle the Minds of the Inhabitants, 
( a Copy of which I have before sent your Grace ) from hav- 
ing its proper Influence ; & how the Nova Scotians are 
alarm'd at the Rumour of a design to remove 'em from their 
Settlements : And it appears to me by what I farther learn 
from Captain Fotheringham to whom M'' Mascarene refers 
me in his Letter, that unless something vigorous, as that 
Letter intimates, is done by the Middle of April at farthest, 
the greatest Part of the Province at least will be in the hands 
of the Canadeans, and it will be too late then to attempt to 
reclaim the Inhabitants. 

To prevent this danger, six hundred of the Men, which I 
have sent from this Province, are, I hope, before now arriv'd 
at Annapolis, & near three hundred more, I expect, will 
arrive there from hence in two or three days at farthest, with 
a sufficient Quantity of Snow Shoes, which will make their 
marching practicable, tho a deep Snow should suddenly fall. 
One hundred & eighty Men more, I hope from Gov' Went- 
worth's assurances to me, are sail'd before now from New 
Hampshire for Annapolis ; But the Transport Vessels of the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 345 

three hundred from Rhode Island were drove on Shore, I hear, 
in a Storm at Martha's Vineyard, & when they will reimbark 
I dont know. However I hope the other Succours may, tho 
the Rhode Islanders should not proceed ( which I shall yet 
press their doing with all Speed) be a sufficient force to 
drive the Canadeans from Menis this Winter ; which would 
have a most happy Effect indeed for the Security of the 
Province in every respect, & seems worth while to be push'd 
for ; And I hope M"^ Mascarene's Difficulties about their car- 
rying of Provisions by Land, may by some Method or other 
( especially Sleds when the Snow falls ) be got over : Capt" 
Fotheringham assures me that very credible accounts of the 
sickness's having destroy'd tv/o thirds of the Cape Sable 
Indians are given by some of the french Inhabitants, & that 
they are still dying. The Cape Sable Indians were before 
computed to have about six hundred fightuig Men. 

For the securmg Nova Scotia from it's present danger I 
would further humbly propose it as my Opinion to be con- 
sider'd by your Grace, that if his Majesty should be pleas'd, 
as soon as possibly might be after the Receipt of this, to 
cause it to be signified to the Inhabitants of Nova Scotia, 
that the assurances lately given 'em by me of his Royal Pro- 
tection to such of 'em, as should behave dutifully and avoid 
all traitorous Correspondence with the Enemy at this Junc- 
ture ( or to that Effect ) were approv'd of by him, and should 
be made good to 'em, it would have a great Tendency to 
remove their present apprehensions of being sent off with 
their Families from their Settlements in Nova Scotia, which 
seems to distress & perplex 'em ; & effectually to prevent 
'em from being drawn over to take up Arms against his Maj- 
esty, unless it should be some of the most obnoxious of 'em ; 
which, if his Majesty would be pleas'd to send over at the 
same time his special directions to apprehend, and proceed 
agamst, such a Proceeding against the Delinquents and gra- 



346 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

cious Declaration towards the others, would I dare say have 
a proper Effect for securing the general Fidelity of the Inhab- 
itants, at least so far as to keep 'em from joining with the 
Enemy ; And least the Succours now sent to Annapolis should 
not be a sufficient force to dislodge the Enemy this Winter, 
I would farther humbly propose it for your Grace's Consid- 
eration, that his Majesty's Orders should be forthwith sent to 
my self and the other three Governments of New England, 
that in Case the Canadeans should not be withdrawn out of 
Nova Scotia, they should immediately cause the Soldiers 
rais'd in their respective Colonies & Provinces for his Maj- 
esty's Service in the Expedition against Canada to be trans- 
ported to Annapolis Royal, as their place of Rendezvous 
instead of Louisbourg, & to be imployed in driving the Cana- 
deans out of Nova Scotia, and be farther subjected to such 
Orders as his Majesty shall be pleas'd to signify in those 
Directions ; and if this Order was to extend to the Governour 
of New York, it might not be an unnecessary Caution. I am 
apprehensive if such Orders are not sent, that the Attention 
of the several Governm^* to the Reduction of Crown Point 
miglit very much interfere with the Preservation of Nova 
Scotia, which is of infinitely more Consequence. 

These are the things which occur to me at present, & which 
I would submit to your Grace's Consideration, as what seem 
to requh'e more immediate Dispatch : As to the danger of the 
french Fleet's early Return from the West Indies to Nova 
Scotia, and what Strength of Ships may be necessary to pro- 
tect that Province, Cape Breton, and the other Colonies 
against that Fleet, or any other french Armament which may 
be sent from Europe in the Spring to visit these Parts, I 
leave to Admiral Warren, who now goes to England in the 
Chester, and with whom, pursuant to the Directions of your 
Grace's two Letters to me, in March & April last, I have 
acted in Concert upon all such occasions as requir'd my con- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 347 

suiting him, with the greatest Satisfaction and Harmonj-, 
having had the pleasure to find my own Sentiments agreable 
to his in all Matters of Consequence, and a most hearty Dis- 
position in him for his Majesty's Service, and to whom I have 
often talk'd over the affairs of Nova Scotia. 

I find my self oblig'd to point out to your Grace the Para- 
graph in M' Mascarene's Letter concerning the Necessity of 
Bay Verte's being sufficiently guarded, which would have 
most effectually prevented the Introduction of any Forces & 
Stores from Canada into Menis in Nova Scotia this year ; the 
Copy of the Letter which I wrote to Admiral ToAvnsend near 
four Months ago upon that Subject, and which I inclos'd to 
your Grace, will show how much I had that matter at lieart 
in the beginning ; and joint Letters were wrote afterwards 
by M"^ Warren and my self to the Admiral upon that head ; 
It v/ould be for his Majesty's Service I believe if particular 
Directions were given to the next Commander of the Squad- 
ron that shall be sent to Louisbourg or elsewhere upon this 
Coast to have a particular Eye to guarding this inlet of the 
Canadians into Nova Scotia the next Spring ; th6 I have the 
utmost Reason to think that Governour Knowles, so far as it 
may be m his Power, will be as warmly dispos'd to do it 
without any particular Directions, as is possible. 

I will avoid repeating what I have particularly mention'd 
to your Grace in late Letters concernmg the fortifying of 
Chebucto Harbour, and building a Blockhouse or small Fort 
for 150 Men at Menis, with a Trading House there for the 
Indians, and a Blockhouse only at Canso for 100 Men, instead 
of new building and enlarging that at Annapolis Royal, and 
erecting a larger Fortification at Canso, which in my humble 
Opinion would greatly strengthen that Province, and together 
with the introducing of French Protestant Ministers, and 
English Schools, & some small Encouragement by Privileges 
to such as should conform to the Protestant Religion, or send 



348 DOOUMBNTARY HISTORY 

their Children to the EngUsh Schools, and Presents to the 
Indians with Supplies of all Necessaries for 'em at the most 
reasonable Rates, in Exchange for their Furrs &c'', the Dis- 
allowance of the publick Exercise of the Roman Catholick 
Religion, at least after a short Term of Years, & forbidding 
Romish Priests under severe Penalties to come into the 
Country either among the Inhabitants or Indians ; and if it 
might be consistent with his Majesty's Pleasure, a Civil Gov- 
ernment to be in due time introduc'd among the Inhabitants ; 
These things I say, my Lord, together with making Exam- 
ples of the most obnoxious among the Inhabitants, and his 
Majesty's extending his Clemency and the Continuance of 
his Protection to the rest upon taking the proper Oath of 
Allegiance, seem to me to have the most promising Aspect 
for making good Subjects of the present Generation of Inhab- 
itants, at least better than they are now, and good Protestants 
of the next Generation of 'em ; especially if there was to be 
a Mixture of English or other Protestants introduc'd among 
'em, which the Invitation of a Civil Government to be set up 
among 'em would bid fair for doing : and the Tradmg House 
would create in the Indians a firm Dependance upon, and 
Attachment to his Majesty's Government, especially if a 
proper Protestant Missionary or two was supported to live 
among 'em at their head Quarters, as is the Method of the 
french Priests ; by w'^^ means they gain so great an Ascend- 
ancy over them. 

Just as I had finished the last Paragraph a Letter from 
Govern'' Knowles to Admiral Warren and my self, dated the 
10'^ Instant, was deliver'd to me, in which he informs me 
that " he has given his Opinion in his Letters to your Grace, 
" that it will be necessary to drive all the French ( I suppose 
" he means Inhabitants ) out of Accadie ( Nova Scotia ) in the 
" Spring, and that he hopes he shall have Orders to assist in 
" doing it, if Admiral Warren does not go upon the Expedi- 



OF THE STATE OF INIAINE 349 

" tion to Quebeck, which he apprehends is rendred more diffi- 
" cult than it was, by such a Number of Ships being got safe 
" up to Quebeck this Year, as no doubt they have carried all 
" manner of warlike Stores." And in his Letter to me of the 
24*"^ of October he says, "if his Majesty should be pleas'd to 
" transport the Rebels who are the Objects of his Mercy, & 
" encourage other Highland Families to come over, he thinks 
" the Colony of Nova Scotia would soon be repeopled ; " which 
it is possible he may have also propos'd to your Grace, as in 
his Opinion the best method for peopling that Colony, after 
the present french Inhabitants are drove off. 

As the Sentiments, which I have taken the Liberty to offer 
to your Grace upon this Subject, happen to be something dif- 
ferent from M'' Knowles's, I think it may not only be proper 
but my Duty to mention the Reasons of my preferring the 
Scheme for attempting to make the present french Inhabit- 
ants good Subjects to his Majesty, and keeping 'em in the 
Country to that of driving 'em off & introducing some of the 
Rebels and other Highlanders in their Room. 

It seems very difficult to drive all the Inhabitants of Acca- 
die out of so large a Province as that is, and which consists 
chiefly of Woods ; It is most probable that many of their 
hardiest Men, would retire ( for some time at least ) with 
their Cattle into the Woods, & form Parties with the Indians ; 
and the remainder would doubtless retreat wdth their Fami- 
lies to Canada : Those, who are acquainted with the Indian 
Manner of Life & making War, know that one hundred of 
'em luider cover of the Woods, can confine a very large 
Frontier within their Garrisons, even tho they have Com- 
panies continually scouting between one Garrison and another ; 
this is at present the Case of this Province & the other Colo- 
nies of New England & New York, tho the People there are 
us'd to the Woods, & the skulking of the Indians behind the 
Bushes & in Ditches with their other Wiles, & have large 



350 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Numbers of the Militia constantly upon Guard for their Pro- 
tection ; their Cattle is continually destroy'd ; if any of 'em 
venture out into their Feilds, they are frequently kill'd & 
scalp'd ; and sometimes not only single Families or Garrisons 
are surpriz'd and cut off, as has happen'd lately in this Prov- 
ince, but even whole Villages, as was the Case of Sarahtoga 
in New York a few Months ago ; so that those of the f rench 
Inhabitants, who should mix with the Indians in the Woods, 
would have it in their Power to put his Majesty's Garrison 
under such Circumstances, as that it could not possibly sub- 
sist longer in the Country then they could do it without fresh 
Provisions, Wood & other ma,terials and Supplies from thence ; 
from all which they would be Avholly cut off, when the Inhab- 
itants were drove away ; And as to such of the Inhabitants, 
who should go with their Families to Canada, it must be 
expected that a very large Body of the Men would return 
arm'd next Spring with some Canadeans to join the Indians ; 
from all which it seems justly to be apprehended that an 
attempt to drive all the french Inhabitants from their Settle- 
ments, should it succeed, would in Effect be driving 5 or 
6000 men to take up Arms agamst His Majesty's Governm* 
there every Year during the War ; make the reclaiming of 
the Indians of Nova Scotia impracticable, & render it impos- 
sible for his Majesty's Garrison there to subsist long in the 
Country in time of War even with the Indians only ; Besides, 
the Addition of about 6000 fighting Men with their Families 
to Canada, which would greatly strengthen the French upon 
this Continent, and would entail upon the Posterity of those 
who are thus expell'd ( for several Generations at least ) a 
Desire of recovering their former Possessions in Nova Scotia, 
seems to be no inconsiderable Matter, but what next to the 
Loss of the Country it self should be avoided on tlie Part of 
his Majesty, «fc is I dare say, an Event, which the French 
next to their Acquisition of this Colony would desire : It is 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 351 

indeed now to be wish'd that General Nicholson had upon 
the first Reduction of the Colony to the Obedience of the 
Crown of Great Britain, remov'd tlie french Inhabitants, when 
they were but a few, out of the Country, as was done at 
Louisbourg ; and that during the Interval of Peace the Col- 
ony had been planted with Protestant Subjects ; But after 
tlieir having remain'd so long in the Country upon the foot 
of British Subjects under the Sanction of the Treaty of 
Utrecht, and making Improvements upon their Lands for one 
or two Generations, and being grown up into such a Number 
of Families, to drive 'em all off their Settlements witliout 
further Inquiry seems to be liable to many Objections — 
Among others, it may be doubted, whether under the Cir- 
cumstances of these Inhabitants it would clearly appear to 
be a just usage of 'em ; it is true tliat the Notion of their 
Neutrality ( which seems to have been entertain'd for some 
time by the English as well as themselves) is ill grounded, 
and does not comport with the Terms of their Allegiance to 
his Majesty, to which such of 'em as chose to remain in the 
Province are bound by the Treaty of Utrecht ; whereby the 
french King yeilded up the Inhabitants as well as the Soil of 
Accadie, and together with their Persons transferred their 
Allegiance to the Crown of Great Britain ; But if it is con- 
sider' d, that this Notion was founded upon an Act of the late 
Lieut* Governour Armstrong then the residing Commander 
in Chief of the Province, whereby he took upon himself to 
grant 'em by a Writing imder his Hand an Exemption from 
bearing Arms upon any Account whatever, on their consent- 
ing to take an Oath of Allegiance to his present Majesty ; 
which, whether it was done by him with, or without Author- 
ity, appear'd at least to them to be au then tick, it may per- 
haps be deem'd too rigorous a Punishm* for their behaviour 
grounded on such a Mistake, to involve the innocent with 
the Guilty in the Loss of their Estates, and the Expulsion of 



352 DOCUMENTABY HISTORY 

their Families out of the Country ; it is not improbable but 
that there may be many among 'em, who would even prefer 
his Majesty's Governm* to a french one, & have done nothing 
to deserve such a Forfeiture ; Some Allowances may likewise 
be made for their bad Situation between the Canadeans, 
Indians, & English, the Ravages of all which they have felt 
by turns in the Course of the War ; during which they seem 
to have been continually plac'd between two fires, the force 
and Menaces of the Canadeans & Indians plundering 'em of 
whatever they wanted, & deterring 'em in the strongest man- 
ner from having any Communication with his Majesty's Gar- 
rison, on the one hand ; and the Resent*^ of the Garrison for 
their witholding their Intelligence & Supplies on the other ; 
tho at the same time it was not in a Condition to protect 'em 
from the Enemy: Wherefore it seems a Matter worthy of 
your Grace's Consideration, whether under such doubtfuU 
Circumstances the driving all the French Inhabitants of Nova 
Scotia off their Settlements, and thereby very greatly strength- 
ning the Enemy upon this Continent, not only against the 
Garrison in present, but finally against all the British Colo- 
nies there, and depopulating one of his Majesty's Provinces 
for sometime ( how long may be uncertain ) is more eligible 
than treating 'em as Subjects, confining their Punishm* to the 
most guilty & dangerous among 'em, & keeping the rest in 
the Country, and endeavouring to make them & their Pos- 
terity useful Members of Society under his Majesty's Gov- 
ernment : I can't omit likemse observing to your Grace, that 
it would be exceeding difficult to fill up the Chasm which 
driving off the Inhabitants would make in the Country ; Dur- 
ing the Rupture with France it would certainly be imprac- 
ticable, and I doubt whether it would not be so when Peace 
shall be made with France, if the Indians should contmue at 
War with us ; For what Number of Families can be propos'd 
to begin a Settlem* in the Country, after the Expulsion of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 353 

the french Inhabitants, with Safety against the Indians, & 
which would be continually expos'd to be destroy'd by 'em, 
whilst they were carrying on their Settlements ; They must 
expect no Protection against the Indians from within the 
Garrison, out of the Reach of their great guns ; the Company 
of Rangers, which live mthout the Walls of the Fort, would 
afford more of that than a thousand Garrison Soldiers would 
do : Whereas if the Stock of french Inhabitants was contin- 
ued in the Country, an Accommodation with the Indians 
would be more easily brought about and preserv'd, they would 
be a Cover for any Number of Families that might be intro- 
duced among 'em whilst they were carrying on Settlements ; 
& secure to the Garrison it's necessary Supplies of fresh Pro- 
visions, Fuel, Materials for repairing the Works, & Stores of 
all Sorts that the Country affords. 

As to repeopling the Province with some of the late Rebels 
and other Highland Families, it seems much to be doubted 
whether it might not be hazardous to fill that Colony, w^^ 
should be the Barrier of all his Majesty's Colonies upon this 
Continent, with a Set of poor, ignorant, deluded Wretches 
just come out of a most unnatural Rebellion ; that from their 
Neighbourhood to Canada would be continually expos'd to 
the Artifices and Attempts of french Romish Priests upon 
'em, who it is reasonable to think would not fail to instill the 
same Notions into 'em in America, which seduc'd 'em from 
their Allegiance in Great Britain, with a Promise of more 
effectual Support & Protection from the French here, than 
they had in the Highlands : Indeed, my Lord, this seems to 
be a dangerous Experiment, and what might produce the 
worst of Consequences. 

I beg leave to submit it to your Grace's Consideration, 
whether the most staunch Protestants, & Families the most 
zealously affected to his Majesty's Government, a Number at 
least of such should not rather, if possible, be transplanted 

23 



354 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

there as soon as may be ; I could wisli four or five hundred 
of 'em could be induc'd to go from some Part of New Eng- 
land ; I think from the Experience I had of the Inhabitants 
of this Province at least upon the late Alarm given by the 
french Fleet, I might safely venture to be answerable to his 
Majesty, that if I had suggested in my late Orders for assem- 
blmg a Body of 'em under Anns in Boston from all parts of 
this Province to oppose any Attempt of the Enemy, that 
there was a design of landing a Son of the Pretender's here, 
it would not have been possible to have kept any one Man, 
who was capable of marching hither, from appearing under 
Arms with the most determined Resolution of hazardmg his 
Life to the utmost in defence of his Majesty's Governm*; 
And as the late Appearances of a fondness for removing from 
hence to Cape Breton seem to be quite vanished at present, 
I should not be without hopes of some families removing from 
these Parts to Nova Scotia upon due Encouragement ; Prot- 
estants likewise from among the Swiss Cantons & other 
Northern Parts in Germany, who are generally bred up in 
the Exercise of Arms and make sober industrious Settlers, 
might be safely trusted in Accadie ; Great Numbers of 'em 
Yearly flock into Pensilvania, whereby the Inhabitants in 
that Province are almost incredibly increas'd within these 
twenty Years ; And from the behaviour of the Irish coming 
out of the Northern Parts of Ireland hither, a Number of 
which is setled in the Eastern Parts of this Province, I should 
think they too might be safely trusted in Nova Scotia ; and 
it is certain that these poor unhappy Highlanders (I mean 
such of 'em as may be design'd to be transported into the 
Plantations ) would be more safely dispos'd of among the four 
Goveram** of New England, or in New York & the Jerseys, 
where they would not be in danger either of corrupting the 
Inliabitants, or bemg again seduc'd themselves, but might 
make useful Subjects to his Majesty. 



OF THE STATE OP MAESTE 355 

I hope, my Lord, I shall be excus'd if I have gone heyoiul 
my Line in submitting these Observations to your Grace, at 
a time when the fate of one of his Majesty's Northern Colo- 
nies, the most important of 'em all to the CrowTi in many 
respects, as I apprehend, and which wall be in the hands of 
the french the key to all the other British Colonies upon this 
Continent, & even to Cape Breton, and in his Majesty's Pos- 
session the Barrier of 'em against the Enemy seems to be 
come to a Crisis. 

M"^ Mascarene has lately transmitted to me the State of a 
Dispute between himself & all his Subaltern Officers, which 
I believe he has forwarded to the Secretary of War ; I would 
not trouble your Grace about it farther than to say, that Con- 
federacies among Subaltern Officers to dispute Orders happen 
at an ill time in that Garrison, especially when a Disposition 
among the common Soldiers to desert to the Enemy very 
much prevails in it ; a long Residence there, & the Civil Part 
of the Constitution, by which I am told, if M'^ Mascarene 
should die or leave the Garrison, the Surgeon's Mate in the 
Regim* would as President of the Council have the chief 
Command in the Province, seems to have in some measure 
swallow'd up the Notion of Military Discipline, & of obeying 
Orders among 'em. 

I have only to add that I am oblig'd to trouble your Grace 
with the inclos'd Message to me from the Assembly, which 
they took Occasion from the inclos'd Paragraph of my last 
Speech to 'em, to send me ; Having represented fully before 
to your Grace what they desire of me in their Message, I 
shall say nothing more about it, than that I hope your Grace 
will pardon any Hyperbole of Expression in it with regard 
to my self. 

I am with the most dutiful Regard, My Lord Duke, 

Your Grace's most Devoted and most Obedient Servant 

W. Shirley. 



356 DOCUMENT AHY HISTORY 

[ Inclosed in previous Letter.] 

Extracts from Governour Shirley's Speech to the General 
Assembly on the *1^^ Day of November 1746. 

In the mean while, Gentlemen, It must be a sensible Pleas- 
ure to you, to reflect how much the seasonable Succours sent 
from hence, have already contributed to the Preservation of 
Nova Scotia from its late impending Danger ; the great Value 
& Importance of which Province to the Crown, & all the 
English Colonies upon this Continent as their Barrier against 
the French, you are so well acquainted with, that I need not 
apprize you of it ; And I doubt not but you will always be 
animated with a proper Spirit for Succouring it in any future 
Emergency, which may require your Aid. 

Examined by J. Willard Secry. 

In the House of Represent^^^ Nov"^ 14. 1746, Voted that 
the following Message be sent up to his Excellency the Gov- 
ernour. Viz* 
May it please your Excellency, 

It is with great Pleasure we observe that you have once & 
again been the Instrument in the hands of divine Providence 
of preserving the Garrison of Annapolis, & Province of Nova 
Scotia from the French, more especially in the Year 1744, 
when by the Forces your Excellency sent from this Province, 
it was snatch'd out of their hands, then just in Possession of 
the Fort, & again in the Year, 1745, when they were broke 
up in their Seige of it, by your surprizing & successful 
Attempt on Cape Breton, & now again when there was such 
a Number of Canadeans & others going against it by Land & 
Sea. 

But these thuigs, altho they have been the Effect of great 
Wisdom, Care & Application in your Excellency, for which 
every good Englishman rejoices & is thankful ; yet they have 
been perfonn'd at a great Expense ; more especially to this 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 357 

Province, & therefore we cannot but be much concern'd at 
the frequent Return of this danger not only because of the 
great Difficulties in removing it from Time to Time, but also 
by reason of the doubt, whether by some Surprize, impossible 
to be foreseen, this Barrier of his Majesty's American Domin- 
ions, of such mighty Consequence, may not some time or other 
be lost, if it continues in its present expos'd Condition. 

We would therefore beg Leave of your Excellency, to con- 
sider and represent something of the Source, whence this 
almost constant Danger arises ; And this we apprehend to be 
the Traitorous Disposition and practices of the native Inhab- 
itants of that Province, a People who have all the Priviledges 
of his Majesty's other Subjects, have increased in wealth & 
Numbers vastly since they have been under the English Gov- 
ernment, live almost or quite without publick Taxes, while 
we their Neighbours ( & greatly by their means ) are burden'd 
almost to ruin, by the necessary Charges of the Government 
for the Defence and Protection of his Majesty's good Subjects 
the Inhabitants of this Province And yet they are taught by 
their Priests to call themselves his Majesty's Neutral Sub- 
jects, a Contradiction in Terms, a Set of People who have a 
right to Protection, but no Obligation to Obedience, who are 
his Majesty's Subjects, & yet may rebel against him & do 
what they please, have a Right to be defended by the King, 
& yet not bound to defend the King, whose Subjects they 
were born, but may continually supply his Majesty's French 
& Indian Enemies with Provisions, & give them all Aid, 
Comfort & Assistance ; Sad & unhappy the State of his Maj- 
esty's Interest & Garrison there ! that what might be hoped 
& expected to promote their Safety & Prosperity, the great 
& growing Numbers of his Majesty's natural born Subjects, 
is their highest & almost only Danger ; nor can it be supposed 
there has been one Attempt this War against his Majesty's 
Garrison, but for the Assurance the Enemy had, they should 



358 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

be welcome, & find all manner of Encouragement & Aid, 
which they have this last Summer & at all other Times met 
with from those Inhabitants accordingly. And all this with- 
out the least Foundation or Colour, for by the Treaty of 
Utrecht not only the City ( as it is called ) of Port Royall, 
then also said to be call'd Annapolis Royall, but all Nova 
Scotia, or Accadie with its ancient Boundaries, & all other 
things with the Lands & Islands, but the Inhabitants of the 
same also are y elided, & made over to the Queen of Great 
Britain and to her Crown forever, without any the least 
Exception, Condition or Reservation. 

We would therefore with all Earnestness intreat your 
Excellency to represent to our most gracious Sovereign the 
perfidious Behaviour of these Inhabitants with the sad Effects 
which have already arisen, & the Danger that worse may 
ensue, That his Majesty in his great Wisdom & Goodness 
may suppress & prevent this Traitorous Spirit & Conduct for 
the future. 

T. Hutchinson Spk"" 
Copy Examined g J. Willard Secry. 



Paragraphs of French Letters from Menis to Oov''' Mascarene 
in Answer to G-ov'^ Shirley s Printed Letter Viz*' 

Touts les Habitants de nous lieux et Paroisses ont une Obli- 
gation Eternelle a Mons'' Le Gouverneur de Boston pour Sest 
Sentiments Charitable a Nostre Faveur a nous connu par une 
Lettre Inprim6 noissons et nous voulons de plus en Plus 
garder nostre fidelity par nostre Serment Inviolable cest a 
quoi nous esperont Sur la protection de son Honneur et 1' 
Honorable Conseil du Roy par voire Justice ordinaire que 
nous vous demendons en toute Humilite &c ~ 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 359 

Nov' 1746 N: S: 

Signed by 3 of the Deputies of the River 
Canard and Nine more of the Inhabitants in 
behalf of themselves and the rest of that parish 

Touts les Habitants en General ont une Obligation Eternelle 
a L'honorable Gouverneur de Boston pour Sest Sentiments 
de Compassion Charitable a nostre faveur que nous a este 
Communique que nous avous Recu oomme des Graces 
Generale 

Nov' 1746 N : S : 

Signed by nine of the Inhabitants of the Grand 

Pre6 of whom Four are Deputys & also by four 

of the Inhabitants of Pisiquit of which one a 

Deputy in behalf of themselves & the rest of 

their Community 

By Order of His Hon' the President & Command' in Chief, 

the above two Paragraphs are true Copies of their 

Originals. 

W"» Shirreff Sec'^ 

A Baubasin 

Le 24 Avril 1747 
A toutes les deputez des Mines Grandpr^e Riviere au Canard 
Pizaquit et Cobaquid. 

Jai ordre de Monsieur le Marquis de Beauchamois de vous 
anoncer quon ne vous abandonera point et que puisque nous 
possedons le haut de la Bay francoise comme il long par la 
Capitulation et que vous Scavoir que nous lavons aquis par 
la force des armes vous devez vous regarder comme reautrez 
Sous la Domination du Roy de france qui aidira a conserver 
votre Religion qui doit vous aitre plus chere que touts les 
biens de la Terre. 



360 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Cest a vous autre maintenant a Secondaire les Intentions 
du Roy et a travaille vous meme a maintenir la Libert^ que 
nous venons de vous procur6e parle Coup qui Sest fait Je 
compte bien Surs vou au cas de Besoin et je vous exhorte 
entretenir dans la Sentiments de bons francois ; et ne vous 
pas fier trop a Langlois qui au moins vous fera toujours 
perdre la Religion Sil ne fait pas davantage. 

Je suis en attendant un pronte Reponce de votre Part avec 
un Attachment inviolable 

Votre tres humble et tres obeiss* Serviteur 

de Ramsay 
Colasione a Loriginal que nous reste 
au Gref des Mines le 29'^* Juin 1747. 

Rene le Blanc qui Sous le bon Plaiser de Mons' Mascarene 
Notoire au Mines et autre Lieux. 

Copy of a Copy by Order of his Hon^ the Presid* & 
Command' in Cheif 25 June 1747. 

W. Shirreff Sec^ 
A true Copy W. Shirley 



Letter Capt. David Cargill to Gov. Shirley. 

Boston Ap' IV"" 1747 
May it Please y'' Excelency 

As I have been much longer detain'd here, 
than I expected, by the want of money to pay off my Men, 
I Gratefully Acknowledge your Excelencys goodness, In 
Indulging me in tarrying until now, when I hope to get my 
mens Wages soon, and Return with it, to them, I trust your 
Excelency Remembers what the Settlments where I am 
Posted suffered by the enemy last year ; and as all the set- 
tlments Eastwards of us, are broke up, we are now more 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 361 

» 

expos'd, to be destroyed than ever, And as my Company 
whicli Consists of fourty Eight men are Posted In y^ Settl- 
ments of Damerescoty, Shepscot, Witchcasick, and Mounsweig, 
I would humbly beg leave to Inform your Excelency, that if 
there is not Another Company Posted in those Settlments or 
a large Adition made to Mine, the Inhabitants cannot follow 
any labour, to suport themselves and famelys, without being 
liable, every day to be Inhumanly Butcher'd by the Enemy, 
Nor can we guard the Vessels Trading in our harbours for 
wood, staves, &c. 

And as the seed time is now at hand I would pray that 
your Excellency would speedily order something to be done 
to Cover the Inhabitants in Planting, Otherwise they will 
loose the Season, and so have no Crops, I hope the Necesity 
of what I have Mentioned will Apologize for my troubling 
you at this time, who am your Excelencys Dutiful and Most 
Obed' Humble servant David Cargill 

To His Excels Governour Shirley 

Letter Gov. Knowles to Gov. Shirley 

Boston April 14*'' 1747 
Sir 

As the Hind Sloop by some Misfortune or other was 
forced away to the West Indies last fall and thereby pre- 
vented destroying the Enemys Vessels I had Intelligence of 
in several of the Ports in Accadia and through some unfore- 
seen Accident the Norwich and Canterbury are not yet 
returned from the West Indies ( where I was Order'd to send 
them during the Winter Season ) and I having information 
that the Enemy are now fitting several Arm'd Vessels with 
design to Annoy the Fishery and Trade of this Colony and 
cut off the Communication between this and Louisbourg and 
I having no Ship or Vessel at present of His Majesty's to 
send to destroy or prevent their designs ( Except the Comet 



362 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

Bomb wlio is just come in to fitt and Clean, I beg tbe Favour 
your Excellency will represent to the Legislature the press- 
ing necessity there is of sending out some Cruizers in Quest 
of the Enemy and prevaile upon them to fitt out the 
Province Frigate and let her be employ'd on that Service till 
gome of my Squadron shall Arrive or some Ship from 
England. 

As the Mast Ships are not yet ready I have directed 
Captain Gayton of the Mermaid to go and Cruize for the 
present between this Place and Louisbourg and Search all 
the Harbours in Accadia and destroy every Vessel, Boat or 
Bark of the Enemys he may meet and as it will be requisite 
to have a small Vessel Arm'd go along with him least the 
Enemy's Vessels should Run into Shoal Water out of the 
Reach of his Guns I pray the Favour of your Excellency 
will spare the Province Brigg for that Service and what ever 
Expence for Wages and Victuals shall Attend Navigating 
either her or the Massachusetts Frigate I'l take care it shall 
be Born by His Majesty during the time they shall be 
Employ'd by Your Excellency on this Service. I am with 
great respect Sir Your Excellencys most Obedient Humble 
Servant Cha* Knowles 

P. S. As the Massachusetts Frigate — and Brigg will be 
kept in the proposed Service no longer than 
you shall think proper and will take their 
Orders from you I should hope the Assembly 
will have no Objection to it. 

G^ov** Shirley to the Duke of Newcastle. 

Boston April 29'^ 1747 
My Lord Duke, 

Since finishing Governour Knowles's & my joint Letter to 
your Grace, I have learn'd from one of the English prisoners 



OF THE STATE OF MAXNE 363 

just Arriv'd from Schiegnecto in Exchange for one of the 
French Prisoners sent by me from Boston, and who was car- 
ry'd Captive from Minas, wliere he was taken by the Enemy 
in the late Surprize, that when the Canadeans went from 
Minas to Schiegnecto they march'd out of the Grand Pre 
about 500, but were reduc'd to about 350 before they reacli'd 
Schiegnecto by several of their party's leaving 'em at every 
great Village in Minas, thr6 which they pa,ss'd which makes 
it Evident that 150 of the Inhabitants of tha.t District had 
join'd the Canadeans in their late Attack upon the English 
at Grand Pre, and may Serve farther to shew your Grace the 
imminent Danger of all the Inhabitants of Minas's still join- 
ing the Enemy, unless speedy measures are taken in driving 
the Canadeans out of the Country, and Securing the fidelity 
of the Inhabitants in some better manner than it is at pres- 
ent ; and how opportunely the forces sent last Winter from 
hence to Annapolis, and the Assurances I took the liberty of 
sending the Nova Scotians that those, who behav'd as good 
Subjects, sho'd have his Majesty's protection in their Estates, 
arriv'd there for saving the whole District of Minas from an 
open Revolt. 

This fluctuating State of the Inhabitants of Accadie seems, 
my Lord, naturally to arise from their finding a want of due 
protection from His Majesty's Government ; and their appre- 
hensions that the French will soon be Masters of the Prov- 
ince, which their repeated Attempts every year for the 
Reduction of His Majesty's Fort at Annapolis Royal, And 
the Appearance of the late Duke d'Anville's Squadron from 
France upon their Coast with that View strongly Impress 
upon 'em, as does also the Residence of the Enemy in the 
Province, and the SoUicitations of their own Priests ; and to 
this, I believe, may be added some Jealousy, which the Enemy 
and Priests are forever instilling into 'em, that the English 
want only a safe Opportunity of driving all the French 



364 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Inhabitants off their Settlements ; which th6 M"^ Mascarene 
Assures me that his communicating to 'em my printed Letter 
promising 'em His Majesty's protection, had so far allay'd, as 
together with the Arrival of the late Detachment of Soldiers 
sent from hence in the Winter for the Defence & protection 
of the Province, to disappoint M' de Ramsay's Attempt upon 
the Inhabitants of Minas for bringing 'em to an open Revolt* 
and to make him retire from ]\Iinas to Schiegnecto, yet as the 
hopes, my Letter may have made 'em entertain, have not been 
yet Confirm'd by Assurances of His Majesty's Royal protec- 
tion directly from England I cant but think, there is a most 
apparent danger of Nova Scotia's being soon lost, if the 
Expedition against Canada should not proceed this year, nor 
any Measures be taken, or particular Orders be sent by His 
Majesty for Securing the Province against the Enemy, & 
Strengthning his government among the Inhabitants, For I 
perceive that the General Assembly of this Province, from 
whence only all the Succours & Support which His Majesty's 
Garrison at Annapolis Royal has hitherto receiv'd for the 
protection & Defence of Nova Scotia, have been sent, are 
tired of having 'em drawn only from their owti people, and 
despair of it's being effectual without His Majesty's more 
immediate Interposition for the protection of that Province ; 
And look upon it as a very happy Incident, that I had it in 
my power to send M'' Mascarene the Support, I did the last 
Winter, and beginning of the Spring, out of Levies rais'd for 
the Expedition against Canada, which I insisted upon doing 
as they were in his Majesty's pay { tho rais'd for another Ser- 
vice ) but should not have been able to do it (I believe ) had 
it depended wholly upon the Consent of the Assembly, thd 
generally well dispos'd for His Majesty's Service. 

I cant omit mentioning here to your Grace the Disappoint- 
ment, His Majesty's Service in these parts is likely to suffer 
by the absence of His Majesty's Ships Norwich & Canterbury, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 365 

one of 50, the other of 60 Guns, and v/hich M' Knowles had 
in the beginning of last Winter sent from Louisbourg, where 
they must otherwise have remained without doing any Service 
'till Spring, upon a Cruize to the West Indies with orders to 
return to Boston by the 20'*" of March at farthest. These 
were the Ships of Force, which Admiral Townsend left with 
him upon his going to England in the fall of the year, and 
they are now detain'd, as we hear, by the Commander in 
Chief of His Majesty's Ships at the Leaward Islands upon a 
Cruize there, so that M"" Knowles is now Obliged to Employ 
tlie INIermaid, which has Orders from the Lords of the 
Admiralty to Convoy the Mast Ships home in Conjunction 
with a Brigantine belonging to this Government, which he 
has borrow'd of me, and a Schooner which he has hir'd, to 
Search the several harbours on the Coast of Accadie, and go 
in quest of four French Store Ships in Bay Vert ; and m the 
mean time all M'' Knowles's Schemes for Acting early in the 
Spring with the Norwich & Canterbury (which I am per- 
swaded must have been greatly for his Majesty's Service in 
many respects ) are defeated, the Trade on these Coasts must 
be without protection, and the jMast Ships may possibly be 
delay'd : And I mention it to your Grace under an Appre- 
hension, that if the Commanders of Squadrons in the West 
Indies are permitted to detain Ships, upon a Cruize only, from 
His Majesty's Service in these parts, for which they are 
design'd by the Lords of Admiralty, and contrary to the 
Orders they receive from their proper Commanders here, 
( which I must acknowledge seems to me like making Use of 
His Majesty's Ships as their private property ) The Conse- 
quences of it will in all probability be fatal to the publick 
Service in these Seas : But I suppose M' Knowles will make 
a due Representation of this to the Lords of Admiralty that 
it may be redress'd for the future. 

I likewise take the liberty in pursuance of your Grace's 



366 DOCTTMENTARY HISTORY 

Commands signify'd in your first Letter to me after the 
Reduction of Cape Breton Viz* that I should let your Grace 
know from time to time, what I conceiv'd might contribute 
towards Securing that Acquisition to His Majesty, to men- 
tion to your Grace that as I hear M"" Bastide the Engineer for 
Cape Breton has desu-'d leave to return home to England, I 
think, so far as I am a Judge in the Case, from the Accounts 
I have had of Governour Knowles's remarkable Activity & 
Judgment in carrying on Fortifications, and the particular 
Improvements, he has made in those of Louisbourg whilst he 
took the business of Engineer upon himself before the Arrival 
of M' Bastide's Commission, that if M^ Bastide should be 
permitted to quit his post, it would be for His Majesty's Ser- 
vice that M'' Knowles should have the direction of the Works 
at Louisbourg as Engineer there. 

I am with the most Dutifull Regard, My Lord Duke, 
Your Grace's most Devoted, and most Obedient, Humble 
Servant W. Shirley. 



Letter Capt. David Cargill to Sec'' Willard. 

Shepscot May Q^^ 1747 
Hon'^ Sir 

Being cal'd away the next morning after I was with 
You, had not an oportunity to wait on you Concerning the 
swivel Guns and Ammunition which His Excelency sent me 
to you about, and Concerning which he told me he had given 
You my letter, if it is not slip'd y"^ Memory I should be much 
oblig'd to You to forward it, I cant sufiiciently Express the 
Deplorable state this part of the Country is Li, being Almost 
Every Day Alarm'd with Discovery's of the Enemy, and our 
Garisons so scattered with so few men In them that we are 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 367 

in no Condition to help one Another, And our people Almost 
worn out w*'' Duty, O that he who brings light out of Dark- 
ness may Dispell those Clouds, the Instructions I had from 
Coin: Waldo for a Reinforcement, weakened me very much 
for I was Ordered to give Cap*^ mCobb half my Western 
soldiers and to Enlist Inhabitants In their Room av*^'^ ten 
more w*' I told y® Coin : was Orders Imposible to Comply 
with, and which I am now farther asur'd of for I cant find so 
many Inhabitants here that their Circumstances will admit 
of their Enlisting, tlio their is twenty men kept at S* Georges 
IMore than y® Court Voted a suply for at y* place, which I 
told him of I mean Coin : Waldo when at Boston but found 
it did Not Relish he told me he tho* his Instructions would 
Justify his keeping them there, I am far from desiring that 
any one of our Infant setthnents should be Hurt, but I"" 
Asur'd y® Court Never Intended to suply men where there Is 
no Inhabitants at y® Expence of Breaking up those eettl- 
ments where Improvments are Made I Mention the Court in 
this Because I know y® Governour gave Instructions Agre- 
able to y® Vote of y^ Court, I have Endeavoured to Procure 
your Wood and have y® Promise of it If I find it to be as 
good when I see it as its Cal'd. M"^ Smith has promis'd me 
that he^ Cary it I shall Take an oportunity of seeing this 
soon and will let you know if it will Answer, I am w*^'' Duti- 
full Respects Hon'> Sir Y' Most Obed* Hble Ser^ 

David Cargill 

ye 18^'^/ Since I wrote y® above I have heard y* y® wood I 
mentioned would not Answer You and I have prevailed with 
M"" Smith to let you have About Eight Cord of what he has 
now on board which I know to be very Good and w° I know 
of any more y* will suit I' let you know it Y" 

D — C 
To y^ Hon^i" Josiah Willard Esq"^ 



368 DOCUMENT AEY HISTORY 

Letter Grov. Shirley to the Selectmen of Boston. 

Boston June 23"^ 1747. 
Gentlemen, 

I send you the inclos'd Extract from Gov' 

Knowles' Letter, that you may Communicate it to the Town 

in such manner as you shall think proper. 

And as I have reason to Apprehend from Accounts I have 
receiv'd, that the Fuel Already bespoke in some Countiy 
Places for the Supply of this Town in the present Year, will 
be raised before the Winter is over to a Most excessive 
Price, unless it is prevented by the importing a Considerable 
Quantity of Wood from the Eastern Parts which may be 
very ruinous to the Poor of this Town in particular, I would 
recommend it to You to Consider of some Method for the 
Encouragement of bringing in a large Supply of Wood from 
the Eastern Parts, at as Moderate a Rate as may be in which 
if I can Assist you by granting protection for safeguarding 
the Men that shall be employ'd in Carrying the Wood to the 
Vessells & loading it on board of 'em I shall be very ready 
to do it, or Any thing else in my Power that may be pro- 
posed to me for the forwarding of this Affair 

Your most Assur'd Friend & Servant W Shirley 

To the Selectmen of the Town of Boston. 



Letter to Col. Moulton. 

Sir, 

I have herewith inclosed a Commission to you to take 
upon you the chief Command of all the Forces in the East- 
ern Parts; And therefore I desire & direct you to proceed 
forthwith so far as Falmouth & to make the Disposition of 
the forces according to the inclosed List. What number 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 369 

may be wanting more than the Soldiers now in the Service I 
desire you would inform me thereof as soon as may be. 
You must get perfect Lists from the Commanders as well of 
the Garrisons as in the several Forts & Block houses as of 
the other Companies & Parties of the Officers & Soldiers now 
in the Service whenever they must note the Regiments of 
Militia out of which the men were drawn the Time they 
entered into the Service. And send those Lists to me with- 
out Delay that I maj'' know how to make up any Deficiencies 
that may happen & give order for the Exchange of such Men 
as have been above a year in the Service. In placing the 
Men jou must have a particular Regard to the Forts & 
Block houses that tliey may not be left too weak for defence ; 
And as I perceive there is a discontented & Mutinous 
Disposition in the Garrison at Richmond, I desire you would 
see that a few among them who are most mutinous be 
exchanged for other Men in the Companies posted nearest to 
them. 



A Lhonorable Monsieur Paule Mascarene Escuyer Lieutenant 
Gouverneur D'Annapolis Royal Commandant en Chef pour 
le present la Garaison de sa Majesty Britanique President du 
Conseil D'annapolis Royal. 

Monsieur nous prenons la Liberie de vous recrire celle icy 
pour vous assurer de nos tres humble Respect et d' un enticre 
Soumission a vos Ordres il est vray que il y a longtans que 
nous nous point este randre nos Soumission au Gouvernement 
mais nous vous prions de vouloir considre comme nous some 
et toujours Les jean de Guerre che nous passe et repasse et 
meme nous faire marche ou bon leur Semble a fait que nous 
es pen prandre aucune Mesure Les un avec les autres pour 
cet Efet Mais Monsieur Soyer persuade que nous sommes 
toujours les memes que nous onte estre par le passe et nous 

24 



370 DOCTT]\rENTAIlY HISTORY 

ne Deligueront point dun Seule point a nostre Sermant de 
fidelity et meme Mons' si vous juge a propos que nous alions 
randre Conte de nos Actions au Gouvernement nous prete de 
marche a vos Ordre, voila Monsieur avec Sincerite nostre 
Sentimant et de Garde inviolablement de vostre 

Nous sommes de vostre honneur vos tres humble et 
Obeissant Serviteur Les Deputez de Cobequit 
Marque X de Longope 
Marque X de pierre Goudot 
Cobequit 27 Juin N. S. 

Francois Michel 
Francois Jernot 

Copy by Order of his Hon' the Presid* & Command'' in 
Cheif Compar'd with the Original 25 June 1747. 

W. Shirreff Sec^ 
A true Copy W. Shirley. 



Declaration of French Inhabitants. 

Monsieur 
Les Habitants des Mines de different Departements en gen- 
erale prenne la Liberter de vous remercier des Sentiment 
Charitable quil resolve de vostre par dans letat et la Situation 
ou i]s se trouve a present et des veritable Sentiment ou ils 
sont de ne jamais changer eux ou les Posteritez envers leur 
Patry, quil ont a Coeur de ne en Rien changer il prenne la 
Liberter de vous representez a quoy il ce voyent exposer il 
voiye la Conquestes qu a este faite par vos amies quil a plus a 
dieu de bennir, leur Serment envers la Gouvernement qui leur 
lie les bras j usque a ce quil soit relever de leur Seraient de 
fidelity qui leur doive qui leurs lie les Bras jusque a ce quil 
en Soit relever il se voyant eux et leur Famille exposes a une 
Ruines entiere les dernier mois il sont venu derechef avec 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 371 

des force a nous raidiiire en nous Somment de nous declarer 
obligeans les Habitants dambarques dans leurs Navire pour 
rasurer la Continuation de nostre fidelity que nous ne pouvous 
faire autrement que dobeire par des force major avant et 
apres Serment prester nos Superieurs tans de Louisbourg que 
de Canada nous on toujour exorter de nous menager ce que 
nous orion bien Besoin par nostre foible genis ainsis Mon- 
sieur nous vous prions de regarder nostre bon Coeur et en 
meme Temps nostre Impuisance pauvre Peuple chargez la 
plus part de families nombreuse point de Recours Sil falois 
evacuer a quoy nous Somme menacez tours les jours qui nous 
tien dans une Crainte perpetuelle en nous voyant a la prox- 
imeter de nos Maitre depuis un Si grand nombre darmes 
nous pauvre Habitants si peu eclaires nous ne pouvons que 
Suivre les idez que la Nature nous a fournig ainsi nous 
esperons que vous entrerez dans nos peines en demandant 
rbonneur de nous dire en generelle d'un Respect tres 
profond. 

Mons"" Vos tres humble et tres Obeissant pou Copis 

Serviteur le sous Signez 

des Minas rene Blancher 

Ce 24 May Jos X leBlanc M x de francois 

1747 Granger 

M O de Batiste daigre 
Francois Caudry 

A I'honorable gouverneur 

au fort d anapolisse royal Les Habitants des diferant 
departement Suply tre humblement tous les puissance qui 
voudrons en Reconoitre combien il nous est d importance de 
raipondre aux francois et aux Anglois toutes alafois ce que 
ne peuvent faire Sans peutaite faire de la penne, la nous 
prions de vouloire bien consider nostre fidelitez depuis la 
guaire commancer jusque a present que nous avons a Coeur 



372 DOCTJMENTABY HISTORY 

de bien garder voyez aussy les Ordre que Mods'* de Ramsay 
nous a anvoyer a quoy il nous a fallu raipondre. 

Copy by Order of his Hon' the Presid* and 
Command'' in Chief Compar'd with the 
Original 25 June 1747 

W. Shirreff Sec^ 

A true Copy with the Mispellings. 

W. Shirley. 

A Lhonarable Gouverneur 

Nous deputez Soussignez nous navons pas manqud d'anvoyer 
vos ordre a Mons' de Ramsay aussitot refus il m'a point de 
Nouvelles dans nostre pay appresant a vous informez nous 
Somme avec tons le respect qui vous est du Monsieur 

Nostre humble et tres Obeissant Serviteur le Deputez 
Aux M6nes Rene Blanchair 

Ce r"^ de juillet Ma X de francois granger 

1747 M X de Joseph le Blanc 

Monsieur faites nous lamitier de nous anvoyer 
du papier Sy vous plais nous non navons plus. 
Copy by Order of his Hon' the Presid* and 
Command' in Chief compar'd with the 
Original 25 June 1747 

W. Shirreff Sec^ 
A true Copy W. Shirley 



M^ de Ranuai/s Declaration. 

Nous Capitaine et Commandant Le Detachement du Canada. 

En Vertu des ordres, que j'ay recu de Monsieur le Marquis 
Beauchamois, Gouverneur General de toute La Nouvelle 
france, qui me Commende de vous ordonner de prendre les 
armes contre les Ennemies de Majeste tres Chretienne, 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 373 

dont voicy ses parolles;" nous nous regardons aujourdhuy 
Maitre de Baubassin et des Mines puisque nous en avons 
Cbasse les anglois ; ainsi il ny a aucune Difficult^ de forcer 
les Accadiens a prendre les Arms pour nous, et de les y Con- 
traindre ; leur declarons a cet Eff et, qu' ils sont decharg^ du 
Serment prete, cy devant, a L' Anglois, auquel ils ne sont 
plus oblige comme il a ete decide ' par nos puissances de 
Canada, et de Monseigneur notre Evesque ce Considere, nous 
ordonnons a tons les habitants de Memeram conque, de se 
rendre icy, avec leurs Armes sitot quils veront les feux 
AUumez, ou quils auront Connoissance de L'enemis sous 
peine de la vie, de Confiscation de tons leurs biens, de faire 
bruler leur Maison, et d'estre punis comme rebelles a nos 
ordres du Roy ; fait a Beaubassin le 25**' May 1747 

Original sign'd 

D® Ramsay. 
Annapolis Royal 18 July 1747. 

Copy compar'd with the Original brought by the Deputys 
from Chicanecto. 

W" Shirreff. Sec'^ 
True Copy W. Shirley 



Gov'^ Shirley to the Duke of Newcastle. 

Boston New England August 18*^ 1747 
My Lord Duke, 

1 have the honour of receiving by his Majesty's Ship Scar- 
borough your Grace's Letter of the 30*^ of May, with several 
Papers inclos'd, and a Packet from your Grace directed to 
M'' Knowles, which I immediately forwarded to him at Louis- 
bourg ; And I beg leave to assure your Grace in general, that 
I shall employ my utmost attention & Diligence in Concert 
with M^ Knowles, as soon as we shall meet, for carrying into 



374 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Execution his Majesty's Commands signified to us by your 
Grace, in the most effectual manner. 

I perceive by the imperfect News, which your Grace at the 
time of writiug your Letter had receiv'd of the Surprize of 
the Detachment of New England Troops by the Canadeans 
at Menis last Winter, that none of my Letters giving an 
Account of it to your Grace were then arriv'd, and lest all of 
them should have miscarried I shall briefly recount it here: 
M"^ de Ramsay had retir'd with his Party from the District of 
Annapolis, where he had incamp'd at about a Mile's distance 
from his Majesty's Fort, upon the Arrival of the three first 
Companies, I sent these in September or within a day or two 
after, and fix'd his Quarters at Menis the Granary & most 
populous District of Accadie ; after this the sending of the 
remainder of the Levies, which I design'd for M"^ Mascarene's 
Reinforcement, was stop'd upon the Arrival of the French 
Armament under the Command of the late Duke d' Anville 
in the Harbour of Chibucto, that being in appearance so 
strong as to make us give up in our Expectations his Maj- 
esty's Fort and the Whole Province for lost; But upon that 
Squadron's quitting the Coast I sent another Detachment of 
five hundred Men to Annapolis Royal, four Companies of 
which arriv'd there in November, upon which M' de Ramsay 
after having m vain made his utmost Efforts to bring the 
Inhabitants of Menis into a Revolt, upon a Suggestion that 
the Force lately arrived was design'd to drive 'em from their 
Settlements, and therefore exhorting 'em to join with him 
and stand on their defence, quitted that District & retir'd 
with his Party to Schiegnecto ; and soon after a Detachment 
of about five hundred of the New England Levies march'd 
into Menis, and there expected the Arrival of three hundred 
Levies from Rhode Island, and of one more Company from 
this Province to join 'em in order to go ia pursuit of the 
Enemy to Schiegnecto, & drive 'em out of the Province. But 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 375 

being by tempestuous Weather disappointed of that Rein- 
forcement it was judg'd that they were too weak to venture 
after the Enemy into Schiegnecto, but that it was necessary 
they should winter in Menis to keep the Enemy out ; which 
they accordingly did 'till February, when the Canadeans & 
French Indians after a very hazardous March of nineteen 
days thro' the Woods, at a Season of the Year when it is 
thought impracticable, havmg the Advantage of Support & 
Intelligence from the Inhabitants, came by Surprize in their 
Snow Shoes upon the New England Troops at Midnight, 
immediately after a violent Storm of Snow, which lay deep 
on the Ground, and having surrounded every House in Menis, 
where the principal officers were quarter'd, attack'd 'em, kill'd 
the Commander in Chief and his Brother after exchanging 
several Shot with 'em, and rushing into many Houses kill'd 
60 Men, and made 30 Prisoners ; But being repuls'd at sev- 
eral Houses v/ith loss, amounting in the whole to about that 
of our own Men, (who at day break recover'd their main 
Guard) and growing sick of their Enterprize, they first 
propos'd a Cessation of Arms for two hours, and afterwards 
offered to permit the King's Soldiers to march out of the 
Place and retire to Annapolis Royal with their Arms, Drums 
beating and Colours flying ; to have Liberty to bury their 
Dead & carry off what was necessary to support 'em in their 
March; the French to take care of the sick and wounded 
English, and send 'em to his Majesty's Fort at Annapolis at 
their Expence ; which Terms our Men who were cut off from 
their Ammunition, Provisions & Snow Shoes in a Country 
well affected to the Enemy, accepted, and agreed to quit 
Menis, & to bear arms within that District for 12 Months: 
This was the Issue of that Action ; after which the Can- 
adeans, who it was expected would have kept possession of 
Menis, did not think fit to venture to stay there, but within 
a few days withdrew to Schiegnecto. 



376 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Upon advice of tliis Surprize, imagining that the Enemy 
might endeavour to make an Advantage of his Majesty's 
Troops quitting Menis by Capitulation, as they really after- 
wards did, to prevent any Claim from 'em on that Account, 
I immediately sent M"" Mascarene another Detachment of the 
Levies from hence, which with others in the Garrison, who 
were not restrained from bearing Arms, might be a suiScient 
force to take repossession of Menis, & oblige the Inhabitants 
to renew their Oaths of Fidelity to his majesty, which was 
accordingly done, and, as I apprehend takes away all the 
Enemy's pretence of Title to Menis grounded upon their 
Advantage gained in the late Surprize there. 

Ever after this the Canadeans confin'd themselves within 
Schiegnecto, where they remain'd 'till about ten Weeks ago, 
and then abandoned the Province & return'd to Canada, after 
being baffled in all their Attempts, both against his Majesty's 
Garrison & upon the Inhabitants to bring 'em into a Revolt, 
by being first oblig'd to quit Annapolis Royal, and afterwards 
Menis; so that thrd the before mention'd Accidents the 
Detachments of Levies which I sent over to protect the Gar- 
rison & Province did not immediately drive the Enemy off 
the last Year, yet they finally oblig'd 'em to quit it; by 
which means I hope it may be more practicable to put the 
Province into a better State of Security before the Canadeans 
renew their Visit, which may be expected every Year during 
the War. 

I shall m pursuance of his Majesty's Commands, issue a 
Proclamation in his Name for settling the Minds of the Acca- 
dians ; I did the last Fall publish a Declaration in French, 
assuring 'em that the Report spread among 'em of a Design 
to drive 'em off their Settlements, was groundless, and that I 
was perswaded such of 'era, as should keep their Fidelity and 
Allegiance, would be protected by his Majesty in the Enjoy- 
ment of their Estates, for which Purpose I should make a 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 377 

favourable Representation of 'em, and recommend 'em to his 
Majesty &c* ; which had a very good Effect to frustrate M' 
de Ramsay's before mentioned Attempt in Menis to work 'em 
up to a Revolt, under the Name of standing upon their own 
defence ; and produc'd the strongest professions of fidehty 
from 'em and thanks to me for my Declaration ; so that I 
doubt not but a Proclamation in his Majesty's Name will 
absolutely confirm the best dispos'd among 'em in their fidel- 
ity, & have a good Tendency to fix the Dispositions of others 
that may be wavering. 

About three Months ago Governour Clinton advis'd me 
that the New York Levies, and those of the several Colonies 
"Westward were grown mutinous for want of their Pay, that 
they had deserted in Bodies, and he fear'd the worst of Con- 
sequences from their present Disposition, that to pacify 'em 
he had promis'd 'em part of their Pay, but the commanding 
officer of the New Jersey Levies havmg paid those Troops 
their full Pay, he was oblig'd to do the same to the others. 
Your Grace will easily imagine that this necessarily begat a 
general Discontent in the Levies of my own Government, 
and the Assembly thereupon requested me to advance their 
Pay to them ; However I have not yet exceeded the rate of 
two pence a day in what I have advanc'd to the Men ; which 
leaves room for all possible Stoppages to be made. But if 
the Levies of the Colonies, I have mention'd, have actually 
receiv'd their full Pay, I am afraid, my Lord, it will throw 
an insuperable Difficulty upon M' Knowles and my self to 
curtail the Pay of the others ; However I shall shun no Diffi- 
culties in this or any other Part of the Service enjoin'd me ; 
As to the Officers, I have hitherto resisted all SoUicitations 
for advancing any of their Pay, as also for giving second 
Year's Cloathing to the Men ; which is not, I believe, the 
Case in every other Colony. 

1 shall observe your Grace's Orders as far as it is possible 



378 DOCUMENTARY HISTOHY 

for drawing no more Bills ; My drawing of Bills for Arms & 
Cloatbing for purchasing of which the Money has been 
advanc'd here above fifteen Months by the Merchants, who 
receiv'd no Commissions for transacting the Business, was 
unavoidable ; and I had no other method of executing his 
Majesty's Commands in providing the Arms and Cloathing 
but by taking up Money of the Merchants to be repaid in 
Bills of Exchange — The Assemblies in the Colonies have 
conceiv'd a Jealousy of some standing, that greater Difficul- 
ties attend the Repayment of Money advanc'd for his Maj- 
esty's Service by a Government, than those advanc'd by 
private Persons : and it has been a Maxim in this Province 
in common Cases for the Government (where they have 
advanc'd the Money on his Majesty's Account, & run the 
Risque of re-payment of it) to transact it by private Mer- 
chants, and have the Bills on the Government at home drawn 
in their Names: But I shall use my best Endeavours to 
induce the Assembly in this Province to comply with what 
his Majesty orders me to recommend to 'em in this Case ; and 
if I can effect it, that may possibly influence those of the 
other Governments. 

It was also unavoidable for me to draw Bills for the 
extraordinary charge of transporting & Victualling the Levies, 
which I employ'd in the Protection of Nova Scotia; The 
Assembly absolutely refus'd to bear it, and it was with diffi- 
culty that I engag'd the Soldiers rais'd expressly for another 
Service, to go into it ; But it w^as necessary to be done for 
the immediate preservation of that Province, and therefore I 
hope it will rather meet with his Majesty's Royal Approba- 
tion, than be disapprov'd, & that the Bills, which I have thus 
been oblig'd to draw for his Majesty's Service, will be paid. 

I may in particular assure your Grace, that the French 
Armament under the Command of the late Duke d' Anville 
arriv'd in Chibucto Harbour in a shatter'd & weak Condition, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 379 

yet if I had not happend immediately before that to have 
reinforced the Garrison at Annapolis Royal with three Com- 
panies, and Admiral Warren, then at Boston, sent his Maj- 
esty's Ship Chester into Annapolis Basin, Upon which M'' de 
Ramsay decamped from before the Fort, and retir'd to Menis, 
the Enemy might, & doubtless would have immediately 
equipp'd & sent round to Annapolis Royal some Frigates 
with Artillery & Troops, to have join'd M"" de Ramsay & 
reduc'd the Garrison ; But they were discourag'd ( as we were 
assur'd by some English Prisoners who were carry'd into 
Chibucto whilst the french Squadron was there ) from attempt- 
ing it, upon Intelligence of the reinforcement I had sent there, 
(the Number of which was likewise increas'd to 'em by M' 
de Ramsay ) and by the Basin's being guarded by his Maj- 
esty's Ships Chester & Shirley — M"" Mascarene's Last letter 
to M"" Fox, I find, attributes the Preservation of the Garrison 
& Province from falling into the Enemy's hands to these sea- 
sonable Succours sent 'em by me ; as does, I believe, one or 
more of M'^ Knowles's Letters to your Grace ; And I hope 
there can be no room for your Majesty to doubt of it — And 
as to the Importance of the Service, it has ever been, my 
Lord, my fix'd Opinion, to which all persons whom his Maj- 
esty's Service has led me to consult upon this Point, particu- 
larly Admiral Warren & M"^ Knowles, have agreed, that the 
Loss of Nova Scotia would not only greatly facilitate the 
Recovery of Cape Breton to the French, but, if held by 'em, 
forthwith give 'em the Mast Country, the Fishery & chief 
Navigation of these Seas : And in one word, my Lord, if any 
thing valuable can arise to the British Dominions from the 
Northern Continent's being in the Possession of the Crown 
of Great Britain, the Province of Nova Scotia, which ought 
to be made the Barrier of it against the French, should be 
preserv'd at any rate from falling into their hands, whilst 
Canada remains in their Possession. 



380 DOCUTvEENTARY HISTORY 

The Money for paying the two pence a day, which I have 
advanc'd to the Men, and for which I have drawn Bills, was 
taken up of the Merchants some Weeks ago, and not to be 
recall'd ; But I stood out before I made that payment to any 
of the Levies, except those sent to Menis, 'till the Mutinous 
Spirit was grown high in the Western Levies, and had begun 
to infect those of this Province, & I was constrain'd to it by 
the Practice of other Governments. 

I shall observe to the utmost of my Power his Majesty's 
Commands for compleating my own & the other Regiments 
at Louisbourg, with that of Phillips's, out of the American 
Levies, and retaining such a number of 'em, as shall be 
thought necessary to be employed in his Majesty's Service 
for the Security of Nova Scotia; But as part of the Terms of 
my Proclamation, and I beheve of those of the other Govern- 
ments founded upon his Majesty's Orders contain'd in your 
Grace's Letter of the 9*^ of April 1746, for encouraging Men 
to enlist for an Expedition against Canada, were that they 
should be discharg'd at the End of it, I would submit to your 
Grace's Consideration whether any of 'em, that shall not vol- 
untarily enlist de novo, can be retain'd at the End of the 
Expedition for another Service, against their Will. 

I have only to add, that upon my communicating to the 
Assembly such Parts of your Grace's Letter to me of the 30*^ 
of May, as it was proper to lay before 'em, I had the Pleasure 
to observe that the Account there given of his Majesty's 
paternal Care for the Protection & Welfare of his Northern 
Colonies, and the late Vigillance at Sea so happily exerted 
therein, fill'd their hearts with a grateful Sense of his Maj- 
esty's Goodness, and gave 'em extreme Satisfaction. 

I have the honour to be with the most dutiful Regard My 

Lord Duke 

Your Grace's most Devoted and most Obedient, 

Humble Servant 

W. Shirley 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 381 

P. s. 

By a frencli Flag of Trace just arriv'd here from Quebeck 
with 171 English Prisoners, I have an Account that 9 Ships, 
most, if not all of 'em french Transports that had escap'd 
Admirals Anson & Warren, were arriv'd there, with one 
Swiss & one, if not two french Companies of Troops. 



Jf Bollan to the Duke of Neivcastle. 

Westmmster Aug* 19^** 1747 
My Lord Duke 

The province of Nova Scotia being, in my humble Opinion, 
in a much more dangerous Condition than seems to be gen- 
erally Apprehended, I think it my Duty to Represent to your 
Grace it's present state, together with such Matters as I think 
any wise relates to its preservation. 

Upon the Defeat given to the Nev/ England Troops at 
Minas the Enemy became possessed of the whole province, 
saving that the English Continued to hold the Fort of 
Annapolis — Minas is the principal settlement in the prov- 
ince, & seated in the Heart of it, and Annapolis is as it were 
in a Corner, having b}^ no means the Comand of the Country. 
The Defeat we receiv'd at Minas was given by a party whom 
Mons' Ramsay Detach'd from his head Quarters at Chignecto, 
a place convenient for his receiving succours, and which 
afterwards retum'd thither to him, where he still Continues, 
and doubtless has been fortifying himself, unless his appre- 
hensions of Danger have been so small as to make him think 
that unnecessary. All the Indians in the province Are at 
open Enmity with us, and in strict alliance with the Enemy, 
the whole Trade of the Country is, and for a considerable 
time past has been, in the Enemy's hands ; the Inhabitants 
taking all their Iron, Salt, & other Necessaries from them. 



382 DOCUMENTARY HISTOE,Y 

and giving them in Exchange all their product. And as the 
Fort at Annapolis is the only strength whereby the English 
hold any possession in this Country, if it be Consider'd that 
the Governor by his absence or otherwise is incapable of tak- 
ing proper Care of it — that the Comander in Chief on the 
Spot and the other officers are not so well United as all well- 
wishers to his Majesty's Services would Desire for the Secu- 
rity of it — that this Garrison has not always behav'd in the 
best manner — that of the Soldiers which during the War 
have been sent to strengthen the Garrison but few have 
arriv'd, and some of them on Declaring themselves roman 
Catholicks have been sent away — that of those who are 
there Many are aged & Infirm, and the rest so Dispos'd to 
Desert that it has been a standing order given to the New 
England Troops to Watch & prevent it — that the Enemy 
from the Circumstances of the Garrison & Country gett con- 
stant Information of all our Measures, whereas we have little 
or no Intelligence of their Motions, so that when Mons'' 
Duvierer Came to lay Siege to the Fort the first Knowledge 
the English had of an Enemy's being in the Country was by 
their kilhng several of the Garrison, whom they found in the 
Gardens near the ffort, if these things, my Lord, together with 
the Weakness of the ffortification, and the Dispositions of the 
Inhabitants in general be Consider'd ( without weighing other 
dangerous Circumstances too many to be here Enumerated) 
it will then appear what a slender hold we have of this prov- 
ince. It must also be observ'd that the ffrench, according to 
their wonted policy & Diligence, Use all methods to Encrease 
their Influence over the Inhabitants ; by burning their houses, 
& other like Methods, they Distress to the utmost such as 
have on any Notable occasion serv'd the English ; and by 
kindness, Justice & prudence they labour to Gain the Affec- 
tions of the rest already too much Inclin'd to them, when 
Mons'^ Duvierer laid siege to Annapolis, he gave Bills to the 



OF THE STATE OF MAESTE 383 

Inhabitants for the Supplies he had of them, upon Mons' 
Bigoe, late Intendent at Louisbourg, and when Duke D'En- 
ville went last year to reduce that province to the ffrench 
King's Obedience, Mons"" Bigoe went with him, & paid off 
these Bills in ffrench CronvTis, as they were brought to him 
by those to whom they belong'd. And the Bills given for 
Supplyes by the other ffrench Comanders are daily Negotiated 
between the Inhabitants and the ffrench Traders from Can- 
ada, Whereas on the other hand, when the English lately 
went to Dislodge the ffrench at Minas, ffive hundred of our 
people were oblig'd to live upon the Inhabitants near six 
weeks, for which not a farthing has yet been paid them : and 
the Indiscreet mention that has been frequently made by our 
Officers of Extirpating all the Inhabitants ( a most dangerous 
if not impracticable scheme ) with other motives, had before 
our Defeat at Minas so far Influenced the minds of the 
Inhabitants, that had not M'' Shirley's preventive Letter Come 
seasonably among them, they would veiy probably have 
Declared themselves openly for the ffrench, and taken up 
Arms in Conjunction with them. 

As to the Importance of this province, so much has already 
been laid before Your Grace on that head, that I shall now 
only Observe, that a part of it is Equal to the whole Island 
of Cape Breton — that the Enemy's protection of the former 
will render the latter very Insecure to us — that this prov- 
ince when entirely gain'd by the Enemy will be to them a 
stable foundation whereon to build that powerfull Dominion, 
which they Endeavour to raise in & form that Quarter of the 
World ; and the Loss of it will have terrible Effects upon 
our ffishery, our possessions upon the Continent, and the 
Comerce of all our Colonies, And, under your Grace's favour, 
I apprehend this Loss must give such a Wound to the British 
Interest as no Time or policy can cure, without a very great 
Expence of Blood & Treasure, if at all. ffor these reasons, 



384 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

my Lord, the French have Ventur'd so much and so often in 
trying for it, And as the price is so great, their present hold 
of it so Considerable, and their Chances of gaining it so 
many, it must, in my Opinion, my Lord, be Expected that 
they will Continue their utmost Endeavours to Complete 
their Designs. Part of the Mast Country is already lost to 
England, and the remainder must be either lost in Nova Sco- 
tia, or soon follow it, the Enemy not long since had it in 
Consultation, as I am credibly Inform'd, to Destroy by the 
Indians our growing Masts, a few strokes of an Ax being 
sufficient to spoil the finest Mast the King has, but they 
determined to forbear it, upon the prospect they had of gain- 
ing the Country for themselves ; which prospect their great 
Vigilance & Application have since Mended — Fortune has 
hitlierto been against them in the Course of War in this 
Quarter, they have lost their Fishery, that great source of 
wealth & Naval power, they have lost Cape Breton, & ten or 
twelve sail of Men of War in trying for Nova Scotia ; And 
yet they hold up their heads, they Support their Colonies, 
keep up the Spirits of their Indian Allies, And together with 
them make daily Incursions into the English Territories, pen- 
etrating deep into several of their chief provinces, killing 
some, Carrying others into Captivity, and driving away the 
rest of the Inhabitants, burning & Destroying their Habita- 
tions, laying waste great part of the Country, Hoping thereby, 
among other advantages, to prevent succours being sent to 
Nova Scotia, over which they keep a Constant Eye, looking 
upon it as the principal point, which must one Da}^ Deter- 
mine the power & Dominion in the Continent of America to 
the English or ffrench. Under these Circumstances the Spirits 
of the English Colonies languish & Decay, while the ffrencli 
daily grow bolder, so that by Dint of perseverance & publick 
spirit, they bidd fair for Carrying their main point at last, 
against a superior fforce. Nay, even against Fortune herself. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 385 

Enough, My Lord, I believe, has been said on the forego- 
ing Heads, I hope not more than the occasion requires or 
Deserves, wherefore I shall hasten to Consider, what I am 
sensible will be more Agreeable to your Grace, the Means of 
preventing this Impending Mischief ; And for the better Dis- 
cernment thereof I begg you will Consider how this province 
has been hitherto saved. Upon a review of the Means of it's 
past preservation, you will doubtless see that the Succours 
sent by the Massachusetts province have divers times saved 
it, when in iminent Danger, The Massachusetts people now 
make, I Believe, the chief strength of the Garrison ; and I 
think the aid of that province will Continue very usefull if 
not necessary to preserve the other ; Your Grace will there- 
fore please to Consider their Condition, And how they Came 
into it. in order to Judge whether farther assistance can rea- 
sonably be expected from them ; they are in that Distressed 
State which has been already Described, or rather in a much 
Worse, for they are not only so harrassed on every side by 
the Indians, that their Settlements both Eastern & Western 
are daily breaking up, but the Country is draind of men, is 
greatly in debt, it's Trade daily Decreasing, it's Currency 
constantly ffalling, and that so Intollerably fast that no Man 
living can Tell how to Carry on his Business, and not to 
dwell upon particulars, the Circumstances are so wretched, 
that unless some Alteration be speedily made in them, they 
must be quite ruined and broke up ; and what makes Miser)* 
itself more grievous to them is the Consideration that theirs 
is Owing to their publick spirit and their publick services, I 
mean in taking & securing Cape Breton, and preserving Nova 
Scotia, and to their want of that support which they Expected 
from hence. Had they not taken Cape Breton it must, I 
think, have remain'd in the hands of the ffrench. And the 
English must long since have lost Nova Scotia, with a great 
part of their Cod-ffishery, at least, and the Security of all 

25 



386 DOCinVIENTAKY HISTORY 

their possessions on the Continent must have been Shaken, 
And their Trade to the East as well as the West Indies must 
have suffered — There is one particular I must also begg 
leave to observe, the Governour of Canada some time ago 
sent a Message to the Six Nations of Indians wherein he told 
them that " he took pity of their Brethren at Albany and 
"would from that time Turn his Indians from that place 
" on their most Inveterate Enemy es of New England." Now 
when the Enemy turn the Edge of the sword agamst this 
Colony in particular, in Consequence of their special services, 
will not the Colony want, my Lord, special Support & pro- 
tection, instead of being able to give it ; I am sensible tliey 
Are in a short time to be reimbursed the Expence the}'' were 
at m taking & securing Cape Breton, this when Discharg'd 
will be some Considerable relief to their present Distress, but 
will by no means Redress all their Grievances ; And the 
Delay of this partial remedy has already Multiplied, and still 
Multiplies greatly their Distress ; they are now Unable to 
stand their own Ground, so that I Think it cannot be sup- 
posed They will Attempt to support others, without being 
first strengthen'd themselves, wherefore, for the good of his 
Majesty's service, as well as other reasons, in my humble 
opinion, Justice should be done that province as soon as may 
be, and a tender regard had for them, so that by recovering 
their spirits they may be able to hold up their heads against 
those Enemies, which their publick spirit & good behaviour 
have raisd up against them ; and to go on to Assist in pre- 
serving Nova Scotia. As to the other Measures proper to be 
taken for that End, I submit it to Your Grace's Considera- 
tion, whether after the Manner of the Romans of old, it may 
not be right to Commit this province to some person, equal 
to the Undertaking, Granting him sufficient authority. Force 
& Money to Drive out the Enemy, secure the Country 
effectually, and settle it upon a proper Foot, Making it ( as 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 387 

it is Capable ) to become, instead of a Gangreen, a sound & 
Usefull part of the Body politick leaving particulars to his 
Discretion to be Exercised upon the Spot. If this should 
not be thought proper, as the Country must soon be wholly 
lost in the Judgement of every Man I believe, who is 
Acquainted with its Circumstances, if some proper Expedient 
be not soon found out to preserve it In order to this I submit 
it to be Consider'd, whether it be not necessary that Mons'' 
Ramsay and the party under his Comand be imediately driven 
out of the Country, he having now been there a Year and 
half or upwards ; and that the various proposals that have 
been made for securing the province may be review'd partic- 
ularly those made by M'' Warren, M"" Clark & my Self ; and 
those since made by M'' Shirley & M'' Knowley, who propose 
among other things a ffort at Chibucto, a Block house at 
Minas, and a ffort at the Isthmus, near Bay Vert ; if neither 
of these setts of proposals shall be Approv'd, then I would 
humbly propose that a ffort be built at the Isthmus, which 
will be of service to Comand the Indians, & other Inhabitants 
in the province, and to prevent the Enemy's Entrance into 
it, Cutting off their Trade & Communication with the 
Inhabitants. And by a well regulated Trade, and other 
proper Measures, I think it not Improbable that the Indians 
may be brought into an Alhance with Us, which, if obtained, 
I apprehend would at any rate be better & Cheaper than to 
Continue at War with them — that the Garrison of Annap- 
olis be fill'd up with a proper Compliment of Men, & put in 
the best order possible — that Capt Gorham's Company of 
rangers be Completed & kept on Foot, Because, without such 
a Body of Men it will be in the power of a few Enemy- 
Indians to Block up, in a great measure, the ffort of Annap- 
olis, even when full of regular soldiers. And, because they 
vnll be necessary for marching thrd the Woods, and among 
the Inhabitants, to whom they are far more terrible than 



388 DOCTJMENTAKY HISTORY 

European soldiers, and whose services Experience has prov'd 
so great, that nothing farther need be said of them — that 
some Measures be taken to Appease the Minds of the Inhab- 
itants, & Attach them as far as may be to the English ; let 
what will be done in other respects, with Submission, I think 
it absolutely necessary that Care be taken in this particular, 
and that as soon as may be ; ffor as there are at least fhve or 
six thousand of them, All to a Man well Acquainted with 
Arms, if they once draw the Sword for the Enemy, the whole 
Affair will soon be at an End. And as this is a point of the 
last Consequence, it is also Attended with many Difficulties, 
arising from a Variety of Matters too many to be here related ; 
After giving all possible Attention to it, and frequentl}'^ talk- 
ing with Capt. Gorham upon it, whom I have found perfectly 
well Acquainted with the Country in general, and with the 
Temper and Dispositions of the Inhabitants in particular, in 
my humble opinion, it will be for his Majesty's Service to 
pardon every one all past offences, except those who have 
taken up Arms ; and to assure them of the Enjoyment of 
their Estates, and, as far as can well be done, of their 
Religion likewise. 

I have the honour to be with the greatest respect, My 
Lord Duke, 

Your Grace's most Devoted and most Obedient servant 

W BoUan 



Duke of Bedford to the Duke of Newcastle. 

St. Albans Sept: 11*M747 
My Dear Lord 

I have read over the letters your Grace sent me by M"^ 
Clevland, and do think the proposal made by Governour 
Shirley in his letter of the 8"' of July last, a very good one 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 389 

and the most likely to preserve Nova Scotia from falling into 
the Enemies hands. But it is still lyable to two very great 
objections, the one the great expence of raising 2000 Men 
out of the Massachusetts bay, who are designed to be left at 
Shegnectoo, in the room of the French inhabitants, to w*''^ 
must be added the great expence w*^*^ will be incurred by the 
reciprocal moving of the families of the two nations to their 
respective Settlements, and w*^^ will I apprehend deter M"^ 
Pelham from coming into a measure, w°'' must unavoidably 
bring on so great a publick expence, all w^'* must be paid ( if 
undertaken ) by the Government here. The other objection 
is the lateness of the Season, w*^'* I fear is too far advanced, 
to admit of any operation to be begun, in those Countries, 
especially as y® orders for putting it in execution are not yet 
sent from hence. As this last equally holds against M' 
Boland's proposal for the whole to be effected by the Garri- 
son of Louisbourg w*'^°'^* having recourse to the Levies from 
New England, I shall not mention any others concerning it. 
I hope your Grace will think proper to give all due encour- 
agement to Capt° Gorham, whose Service now with his Body 
of Rangers, is more than ever absolutely necessary for the 
immediate preservation of the Province of Nova Scotia. 
I am with the truest regard My dear Lord 

Your most faithfull humble Servant 
Bedford. 



Extracts of a Letter from G-overnour Clinton to Q-overnour 
Shirley ^ G-overnour Knowles dated Novem^ 10*^^^ 1747. 

The Assembly having refus'd to advance any Money or 
give Credit for the Pay due to the Forces levy'd in this 
Province, I have try'd the other Method propos'd by Your 
Excellencies of getting Money of the Merchants but I can 



390 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

procure not one farthing from them on the Terms mention'd 
in your Excellencies Letter, so that nothing now remains but 
to give Certificates of the Pay due, unless I venture to draw 
upon the Crown in the usual Manner I have done. 

Upon this Occasion I must observe to your Excellencies 
that all the Forces posted at Albany, those of this Province 
as well as others, have ever smce they march'd to Albany 
been upon actual Duty, & frequently Duty of as great Fatigue 
& Danger, as any of the Forces in Flanders, & perhaps 
greater, as they had to deal with Indians in thick Woods & 
Swamps, such as are not in Europe, besides the Hardships 
they have been expos'd to for want of regular Quarters, 
whereby they were oblig'd to encamp in the coldest Weather, 
which prejudic'd their Healths. Therefore I think there can 
be no Pretence to make the Abatement in their Pay : Indeed 
I am perswaded that such a Proposal must have a very bad 
Effect upon the Minds of both Men & Officers. 

I have sent your Excellencies the Form of a Bill of 
Exchange, whereupon I may have some hopes of getting 
Money to discharge this Service, & w'^^ I conceive will be a 
sufficient Reason for dra-wing, if your Excellencies concur 
with me therein, otherwise many People must be Sufferers 
for what they have advanc'd & disburs'd by my Orders in 
the Course of this Service, & which in Honour I cannot see 
done. 

Examin'd W. Shirley. 



Brigadier DwigJit to Qov^ Shirley. 

Sir, 

I beg leave to lay before your Excellency the Representa- 
tion of the several Captains in the Regunent raised for his 
Majesty's Service for an Expedition against Canada which I 



OF THE STATE OF IMAINE 391 

have had the Honour to Command, a Copy whereof is 
Inclosed, and which I pray your Excellency to take into 
Consideration — And Suffer me to observe that the Non 
Commission Officers & private Men of this Regiment were 
stout and able bodied Men well Enured to Hardships, & used 
to their Arms, and thereby render'd equal at least for the 
Service they were destin'd to any Veteran & well disciplin'd 
Troops, many of them having distinguished themselves as 
well at Cape Breton as at N° 4 Fort : And in Loyalty to the 
best of Sovereigns Inspired with a Spirit of Resolution and 
fairness of Mind freely offered themselves to this Service with 
a principle View to contribute their part towards putting 
doAvn the Power & Pride of France the King's most Invet- 
erate Enemy, and to Enlarge his Dominions in North Amer- 
ica thereby to Extend his power, and make him great as he 
is Good ; tho they knew at the same time that Q^ Sterling g 
day clear of Stoppage was not a third part of what is paid in 
this Country for common and ordinaiy Services, no way pro- 
portionable to the Fatigues of a Camp. Now I pray your 
Excellency to Consider whether the Advantage of the Crown 
in punctually paying off at a good Rate, Men of such Loyal, 
Generous & Good Dispositions will not Outweigh that of 
saving a few 4*^* with the Discouragement & Loss of such a 
Temper in the King's Subjects, Whereby it will be rendered 
impracticable upon any the best Concerted Measures ( be the 
Emergency what it will ) to raise the like Number of brave 
Men in New England. — As to their Arms when some of the 
Men moved the Question whether they were given them as 
part of the King's Royal Bounty for their Encouragement to 
Enlist themselves in His Service ; I had so much Confidence 
in His Gracious Intention it should be so, I told the Men that 
if they were ever required of them even if I my self should 
do it they were not to obey me, but as the Officers were to 
be Accountable for them in Case they be not re-deliver 'd, I 



392 DOCUIVIENTARY HISTORY 

stand ready to Account at what time I am called. And as 
to the probability of the several Captains recovering the Arms 
from their respective Companies you are not unapprized that 
since the men have been call'd off from the Frontiers they 
having no Subsistence Allow'd them were under Necessity to 
repair to their several Homes ; and I know of no method for 
an officer now to possess himself of the Arms but by calling 
the Men together from all parts of the Province at his own 
or their Expence drawing the Men up into a Body, ordering 
their grounding & laying down their Arms, facing to the 
Right about and March, when they have so done, the officers 
may possess themselves of their Arms, & read their dismis- 
sion, and the Consequence of that, arising from the Enraged 
Spirits of the Men is not difficult to foresee. 

Wherefore I pray with the Officers of my late Regiment 
that the Non Commission Officers & private Men may be 
Allowed to retain their Arms and have their Pay augmented. 

I am Sir, your Excellency's most Obedient and most 
humble Servant 

Joseph Dwight 

Copy Examin'd W. Shirley 



Letter Simon Frost to Josiah Willard Sec^v 

Kitteiy April 2, 1748 



Hon"* S' 



Since my Return home, have been inform'd by an 
Attorney Concern'd in the Action pending at the next 
Super' Court to be held at York between the Proprietors of 
North Yarm** & others unknown to me, That John Hill Esq'' 
and his Brother who are my Cousins German, are also Pro- 
prietors of Said Town, which will render it inconvenient to 
me to Sit in Said Action : Shall be glad if yo"^ Hon' wou'd 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 393 

acquaint His Excellency therewith, that so another person 
may be Seasonably appointed on that Affair, if His 
Excellency pleases. 

I Shall not be against Serving the Publick in any Such 
Capacity when there lyes no just Objection against me. ~ 
Shou'd not have troubled you with this Letter, but York 
Court will prevent my attending the Gen" Assembly till the 
Middle of this Month. - 

I am with my Duty to His Excellency, - Yo'' Hon" most 
Obedient humble Servant Simon Frost 

M'' Secretary 

Go'py of Record. 

At a Legal Town Meeting held at Berwick May y* 2^ 
1748 

Voted M*^ Peter Grant Moderator 

Voted the Reveren^ M' Jeremiah Wise Shall have five 
hundred Pounds in Publick Bills of the Old Tenor for 
his Support in the work of the Ministry among us the ensu- 
ing year. 

Voted that there Shall be a Meeting house built above the 
River according to the former vote to accommodate the whole 
Town in General. / Voted one Thousand Pounds in Pub- 
lick Bills of New Tenor to carry on the building the said 
Meeting house. 

Voted M'^ Roger Plaisted Decon Benjamin Libby M' 
William Keey Cap* Moses Butler M"^ Benjamin Hodsdon and 
M"" Stephen Harris shall be a committee to carry on the 
building the said Meeting house 

Voted the Committe for building the Said Meeting house 
Shall provide the Land to Set the Said Meeting house upon 
at the Towns Charge. 

Entred by Hump. Chadbourn Town Clerk 



394 DOCU]MENTAE,Y HISTORY 

Berwick May 2"* 1748. We the Subscribers do enter our 
Desents against - building a Meeting house in said Town : 
Unless Said house is Set where it will accommodate the uper 
end when we Shall Devide and if the vote can be obtained 
we are ready and willing to Joyn our proportion: for we 
apprehend that If Said house is Set to accommodate the 
whole Town as they Say, in our opinion it will in a few 
years be the means to make three Parrishes when two is 
Sufficient and therefore pray that a minete may be made by 
the Clerk of this offer./ Berwick May 2<^ 1748 We the 
Subscribers do enter our Desents against all the votes that 
has been past excepting the Ministers Sallery. John Hill 
Elisha Plaisted Nathan Lord Abraham Lord William More 
Richard Nason Benjamin Nason Samuel Nason James 
Plaisted John Lord jun. Joseph Emery John Lord John 
Cooper John Cooper jun. Samuel Lord Richard Shackley 
Joseph Hubberd Samuel Lord jun Thomas Hodsden Moses 
Goodwin Elisha Hill Phillip Hubberd Humphry Chadbourn 
jun. Ichabod Goodwin John Thomson Thomas Abbot Thomas 
Goodwin jun. Aaron Goodwin John Hodsden Benjamin 
Chadbourn 

Entred according to the Origenal 

By Hump. Chadbourn Town Clerk 

A true Coppy of Record Attest Hump. Chadbourn 

Town Clerk 



Copy of Record. 

To the Select men of the Town of Berwick : We 
the Subscribers being Inhabitants of Said Town Request 
you that a Meeting of the Inhabitants of the afore Said 
Town may be called as Soon as may be in Some publick 
place in said Town, Then and there if they See cause to vote 



OF THE STATE OF MALNE 395 

an addition to the ministers Sallery for the year Ensuing, 
And to Raise money to defray Town charges. Also to pass 
any vote or votes for the going on with the Building of a 
new meeting house to accommodate the whole Town as for- 
merly Voted : and to Raise money to Carry on the Same and 
to chuse a Committe to carry on the Building of the Said 
Meeting house and to get a Conveniant place to Set the 
Same upon, Also to pass any vote or votes to remove any 
Incumbrances that Lyes on tlie Towns Land or priveliges or 
any ways discommoads the Same. Berwick March 29^^ 1748 
Benjamin Libby John Smith Nathaniel Gubtail Thomas 
Butler John Keey Miles Thomson Benjamin Hodsden Jona- 
than Stone John Pray Peter Keey Tilly Haggens Elezer 
Clark Nath^ Joy Thomas Goodwin Daniel Libby Jun''. / 

York ss. To m'' William Holmes Constable of the Town 
of Berwick Greeting 

Whereas application is made to us the Subscribers by a 
Lawful number of Inhabitants of the Said Town of Berwick 
for calling a Town Meeting you are hereby required to warn 
and give Notice to all the freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of Said Town that are quallified to vote in Town Meeting. 
That they assemble and meet at the Meeting house in Said 
Town on monday the second day of May next at one of the 
clock on Said day : Then and there to vote Some addition to 
the Ministers Sallery for the year ensuing: And to Raise 
money to defray other town charges. Also to pass any vote 
or votes to go on with the Building of a new Meeting house 
to accommodate the whole Town in General as was formerly 
voted in said Town and to raise money for the carrying on 
the Building the Said house : And to choose a committe to 
carry on the work and to get a Suteable place to Set the Said 
Meeting house upon: Also to pass any vote or votes to 
remove all Incumbrances off of the Towns Land or Minestry 
Land in said Town. Dated Berwick April IS*"^ 1748 And 



396 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

in tlie Twenty first year of his Majesties Reign g Jos Hart 
Moses Butler Moses Hodsden Samuel Bracket jun. Select- 
men of Berwick 

A true Copy of the Origenal writings 

Attest Hump. Chadbourne Town Clerk 

York ss Berwick May 2*^ 1748 Pursuant to the within 

warrant to me Directed I have warned all the freeholders 

and other Inhabitants of Berwick to appear at time and place 

within mentioned. 

g William Holmes Constable 

A true Coppy of the return of the aforegoing Warrant. 

Attest Hump. Chadbourn Town Clerk 



Letter James McCohh to Gov. Shirley. 

Georgetown, May 7*^ 1748 
May it Please Your Excellency 

I take this opertunity to Inform Your 
Excell'' that on the 26: of April two of the Inhabitants of 
this Town had the misforton to be Captivated by the Indian 
Enemy, ^dz : Job Philbrook and Samuel Malune as they were 
Plowing about two hrmdred yards from M'' Philbrooks Gari- 
son I Immediately Sent an Express to Your Exce^^ upon it 
but it unfortunatly fell into the Enemy's hands When Cap* 
Burns was Killed Which I Supose you have had an account 
of. 

I would Inform Your Excell^ Something of the Defenceless 
Condition that town is in we have Seventeen Garisons which 
we have Defended hitherto and but fifty men alowed us by 
the Government of Which fortey two is to be Inhabitants 

I have not been able to this Day to Inlist above one half 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 397 

of said Inhabitants they are so Discouraged and had a Great 
Deal Rather have more Aded to their number. 

I Humbly Conceive that nothing but Your Excelpy* 
Speedy Compationate Regard Will Prevent the Breaking up 
of this Place the Inhabitants would fain hold their Ground 
and nothing but bare Necessity will Induce them to Leave it 
the Enemy seems to be vastly more in number then they 
have been Since the War began and more bold and our num- 
ber is so Small that we are not able to act in an offenceve 
way nor Indeed to Defend the Inhabitants about theire 
Labour nor the Coasters in Carrying of our Lumber I leave 
our Case to Your Exce^^" wise and gracious Concideration I 
am Your Excelpy* Dutifull Ser'* James M« Cobb 



Letter SamJ' Denny to Gov. Shirley. 

Georgetown May. 9. 1748 
May it please your Exelency this waits on your Exelency 
to inform you that by a letter to your Exelency with other 
letters in cap* Burnses pocket when Killed by the Enemy on 
or about 4 Instant the inemy is fully informed of the naked 
and defensless condition that this pore town is in wich indead 
is very malancolley the few men that are here are posted at 
the most Exposed garasons in the town to incourage them to 
hold those garasons a little longer notwith standing which I 
Expect Euery minut to hare they hey have desarted s** plases 
many of the garasons have no men the Inhabitants thinking 
it better not to be tyed to inlistin but that they may be clear 
that they may not be hindered from runing when matters 
com to Extremity wich will be the case quickley unless by 
your Exelencies Kinde interposision we can be further 



398 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

covered can it be thought that 20 garasons wich is not the 
hole number now kept in this too can be kept by the number 
of men if we can git them that are allowed to this town in 
the presant Establishment we beg your Exelencies favour for 
our protection. 

plese your Exelency what the letter taken as above was 
designed to in form you of v/as that on y« 27 of April larst 
2 men ware taken captive by the Enemy within gun shott of 
one of our garasons and might have taken the garason and 
would no doubt had they then known as they do now that 
there was only a number of woomen and children in it and 
alsou to inform you that on the 28 of said april an Indian 
canno was found within sight of my garason laid up by the 
side of the river in the woods brought there the night before 
supposed not to have been made more then 3 or 4 days the 
seams stoped with mud made of spruse bark the slimmoss 
wich is on new pealed bark not washed of nor Dryed up by 
whicli I think it may resonably be conjectured that there is 
more of the Enemy on our borders then they have cannoos to 
transport themselves with and there have hardly of late ben 
Either a day or night whom in sum Damage have not ben 
done or Indians discovered. 

the said taken letter inform the Enemy thow intended to 
have informed your Exelency that the v/estern and Canada 
men detained here are so uneasy that they talk of running 
away or turning to y« Indians and an other letter they took 
inform them how porely the few men we have are of with 
respect to arms which was intended for mr whelewriglit to 
desire him by all means to send some province arms to this 
place so that s' you se from the premises how our nakedness 
is Exposd and we are in grate distress this being the nedful 
I beg leve to subscribe myself your Exelencies dutiful sar* to 
command Samuell Denny 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 399 

Answer of Dorothy Cutter May 10, 1748. 

To His Excellency William Shirley Esq'" tlie Honor- 
able his Majesties Council & House of Represent''** of 
the Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New Eng- 
land in Generall Court Assembled — 
The Answer of Dorothy Cutter to the Petition of the 
Rev"'^ Nicholas Loring in behalf of himself and Jeremiah 
Powell Esq' in behalf of the Town of North Yarmouth 
Humbly Sheweth — That whereas the Petitioners Sets forth 
in their Petition, that my Des*^ Husband was often requested 
to fulfill the Proposialls that he himself had made -the 
Reason that he Did not was -as I was Inform'd by hhn in 
his Life Time & by others that are now Living — That after 
he had Made the Proposiall to give up the Lott N"* 16 if the 
Town would make the Lott N° 14 Secure to him -he found 
that Severall of the Town had a mind to keep him out of 
Both Lott — and he having Possession of Lott N° 16 
Endeavoured to Keep Till they would give him a proper 
Deed of the Lott N° 14 — And as the Matter was not Set- 
tled in my Husbands Life Time, and I being Administx of 
what he Died Possest off — I Could not Do any thing as to 
Settling of it but keep Possession by Improvement of the 
Same — the People have Strove very hard to get me out of 
Possession by force Since my Husbands Deth-and have gon 
on the same & Destroyed a Great deal of the Timber. As 
I am not able to Do any Tiling about setting, I must Leave 
it to Your Excellency «& Hon" to Do what You Think 
Proper Trusting I shall have Justice Done me & my Father- 
less Children 

Your Excellency & Hon" Most Obedient Humb" Ser' 
North Yarmouth May lO^^^ 1748 Dorothy Cutter 



400 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

To M' John Gooclale for Keeping M" Mary X s d 
Smith four months and ten days 17 

To M' John Cusons for takeing Care of M" 
Mary Smith 1 12 

To M' Sam^ Emery for takeing Care of M" 
Mary Smith 10 

To M'' Sam^ Littlefield for takeing Care of 
M" Mary Smith 10 

To M" Hannah Littlefiekl for Keepmg Mar- 
garet Smith from March 13*^ 1744/5 to March 
13"» 1745/6 30 

To M' Moses Stevens for Keeping M" Mary 
Smith from the 29*^ of March 1746 to the 29 
of June following 15 

To M" Hannah Littlefield for Keeping 
Margret Smith from the 18**^ of March 1745/6 
to the 13 of March 1746/7 30 

To M' Moses Stevens for Keeping M" Mary 
Smith from the 29 of June 1746 to the 29 of 
December 1746 30 

To M' Moses Stevens for Keeping M" Mary 
Smith from the 29'^ of December 1746 to the 
29*'^ of December 1747 60 

To M" Hannah Littlefield for Keeping Mar- 
gret Smith from the 13^^ of March 1746/7 to 
the 13^'' of March 1747/8 30 

To M'^ Moses Stevens for Keeping M" Maiy 
Smith from the 29**^ of December 1747 to the 
29**^ of March 1748 15 

Old Tenor 230 12 

A True Accompt Erors Excepted 

g Nath^ Wells Town Treasurer 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 401 

Record. 

Att a Leagal Meeting of the freeholders and other Inhab- 
itants of the Town of Wells the 16*^^ Day of May 1748 — 

Voted That John Storer Esq'' be Chosen to Prefer a Peti- 
tion to the Grate and General Court of this Province In 
behalf of the Town of Wells that the Intaile on the Estate 
of M" Mary Smith May be taken of and to Exhibet an 
accompt with the s*^ Petition of the Charge s'' town has been 
at in maintaining s'^ Mary and her two Daughters Elisebeth 
and Margret and to Do all he may find Necessery to be Done 
to git the Intaile taken of that s*^ Estate may be Lyable In 
Law for the Charge s*^ Town has bin at in Maintaining s^ 
Maiy and her Children 

A True Copey of Wells Town Book 

Attest Nath^ Wells Town Clerk 



Gov"- Shirley's Speech, May 26, 1748. 

" Gentlemen of the Council & House of Represent""^* " 
" I have lately had advices from the Eastern Frontiers of 
Mischiefs w*^'^ the Indians have done in those parts, by Kill- 
ing some Persons, & captivating others & of the great Terror 
the Inhabitants are in, many of whom are already removed & 
others commg off : The Supposition of two hundred Volun- 
tiers inlisting upon the encouragem* you have given in the 
last Establishm*, & a great number of the Inhabitants entring 
into Pay ( both w*''* have failed ) has occasioned the weak 
state of that Frontier : As to the inlisting of Voluntiers, I 
cannot find that there are any in the Eastern Parts disposed 
to do it for three Years ; but if they were allowed to inlist 
for one year only, 'tis likely that most of them would be 
retained for the whole three Years : And therefore I would 



26 



402 DOCTJJTENTARY HISTORY 

recommend it to you to make that Alteration in the Terras 
for Voluntiers enlisting, as well in the Western Parts, 
(where there is wanting almost one half of the destined 
Number ) as in the Eastern, And it will be absolutely 
necessary for you to make some new Provision for compell- 
ing impress'd Men to serve for the Protection of the Front- 
iers : For the Fine establish'd by Law at present for that 
purpose, is grown so small thr6 the Depreciation of the Bills, 
that the several Colonels of the Militia assure me, my Impress 
Warrants produce more Fines than men out of the Com- 
panies in their respective Regiments ; and that two of the 
fines in most Places will scarcely hire one man to enter into 
the Service, especially upon the Eastern Frontier. " 

" But there is one thing, Gentlemen, w"** I would in par- 
ticular observe to you, and recommend to your Considera- 
tion in the strongest Terms, as what would not only be the 
most effectual Provision for the Security of the Eastern 
Frontier, on the Support of w''*' the Welfare of Boston & the 
other maritime Towns much depends, but be very beneficial 
also to the Province in other respects ; I mean the erecting 
& garrisoning a Blockhouse on the River Penobscot ; This, 
if the Indians in that Quarter are not hereby soon brought to 
Terms, may at least prevent the frequent Incursions & 
Hostilities, not only of the Indians of that Tribe, but of 
others from Canada upon the Settlements in those Parts, and 
be a means of keeping them from the Sea Shore, to w*^^ at 
certain Seasons they repair for fishing & fowling, on w°^ their 
Subsistence for a Considerable Part of the Year depends ; 
It would moreover be a Security to our Fishery, which at 
the Expence of the Lives & fortunes of many of his 
Majesty's Subjects, has in the former War been greatly 
annoyed by Indian Cruizers from that River — And in time 
of Peace that Block House might be made of great Advan- 
tage to the Province, by using it for a Truck house, w''^ being 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 403 

put under a proper Regulation would not only draw all the 
Furr Trade of the Penobscot Indians to center there, but 
that of the S* John's & Cape Sable Indians ; and possibly no 
small share of the other Indian Trade which is now negoti- 
ated at Canada ; It might in time have a tendency to secure 
all those Indians in our Interest, & a dependence on the 
Crown of Great Britain, by w*^'* this Province would infallibly 
reap happy Consequences. " 

«W Shirley 
Council Chamber May 26. 1748 " 



Depoiition. 

The Deposition of Jonas Mason Testifieth «& Saith that 
sometime about the year 1735 he y^ Deponant with some 
others was appointed a Committee ( by y^ proprietors of y^ 
Common Lands in y® Township of northyarmouth ) to recti- 
fye some Mistake made in y® Entries in said proprietors 
Book of Records : and among other we found a Rong Entry 
of the Ministerial Lot N° 16 in the 120 Acre Division on y® 
west Side of Royalls River ; The mistake appear'd Evident 
Thus viz it was order'd by the Committee of the General 
Court for s*^ Town that the Surveyor & Lot Layers should in 
the first place set apart one Lot in this s*^ Division for the 
Ministry after which the Remaining Lots were to be Coupled 
together & Drawn for by Lot -And in the s*^ Book the Lot 
N° 16 was Entred Single by it self & wrote Ministers, and 
the Lot N° 14 in s*^ Division was as appear'd to us by the 
first Entry Recorded to the Minister in partnership with the 
heirs of William Scales & Samael Baker, it plainly appearing 
that both y*' Lots N° 16. & 14 were Entred Ministers by the 
first writing but the word Ministers at Lot N° 14 was altered 
& made Ministerial by the [ s ] being turn'd into an [ i ] & 



40-1 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

y* Letters a : 1 : being added witli a plain differing Ink from 
y® other, which s*^ Lot N° 14 being in partnership with other 
proprietors & Sundry persons afifirming that to their own 
know^ledge N° 16 was y* Lot set apart for y® Ministry y® 
Mistake was Evident to us. M"" Ammi Ruhamah Cutter 
was one of y® aforesaid Com"'^® & prop® of y® Ministers Lot 
then offered to give a Quit Claim of his Right in Lot N" 16 
by virtue of s*^ Record provided that the Ministry of s*^ Town 
or minister for y* time being would give to him a Quit Claim 
of their Right to y* 3"^ part of the Lot N° 14. Some time 
after this Depon* being Requested by y* Select men of s** 
Town drew two Quit Claims one from s^ Cutter & y® other 
from y® Rev* Nicholas Loring the minister of s*^ Town 
agreeable to y^ promise of y^ s*^ M"" Cutter upon Record 
& with reference thereto & deliver'd them to y® s** Select 
men & they inform'd me afterwards that y'' s*^ Cutter refused 
to sign it because it was not from y^ Ministry of s^ Town & 
this Depon* further saith that y® s^ Cutter has from time to 
time Employ'd people ( as he y® Depon* was well Inform'd ) 
to Cut & Cany of y* wood till he had got of y® most valuable 
part thereof to y* great Damage of y" Lot & further saith 
not — 

Jonas Mason 

York 88: Northyarmouth May 30*'^ 1748. 

Jonas Mason above named appearing made oath to the 
Truth of the above Deposition by him subscribed - Before me 

Samuel Seabury J* Peace 

The Deposition of Jacob Mitchell Testifieth that he y^ 
Depon* being in company with others Select men of North 
Yarmouth Some years ago Carryed two Quit Claims to m"^ 
Ammi Ruhamah Cutter which were draw'd in order to Right 
a mistake made in y* Records of y^ proprietors about the 
Ministerial Lot in s*^ Town & he upon perusal of them Ref us*^ 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 405 

to sign it & some time after heard him say he would never 
do any thing about it. Jacob Mitchel 

The Diposion of Sam^^ Fisher Testefyeth and saith that 
he was present at the Drawing of the 120 acer Lots and that 
N° 16 was not Drawed by any bodey but was picked & set 
apart for the use of the ministry of North yarmouth for Fier 
wood & he further testefieth that he was Desiered to go to 
m'' Cutter with some others to ask hira what he would Do 
about sid Lott & his answer was that he would Do nothing 
about it Sam' Fisher 

York ss : North Yarmouth May SO**" 1748 

Jacob Mitchell & Samuel Fisher above named appearing 
made oath to y* Truth of y^ above Deposition by them sev- 
erally subscribed Before me 

Samuel Seabury Justice of y® Peace. 



Petition 

To His Excellency William Shirley Esquire Captain 
General, Governour and Commander in Chief in and 
over His Majestys Province of the Massachusetts 
Bay in New England ~ 
The Complaint of Mark Hunting Wentworth of Ports- 
mouth in the Province of New Hampshire Esquire, Agent to 
John Henniker of London Contractor with His Majestys 
Commissioners for Supplying Masts &c. for the use of the 
Royal Navy, 
Humbly Sheweth, 

That your Complainant as Agent to the said John 
Henniker, And by Virtue of a License from His Majesty for 
that purpose, in the month of November Last Caused a 



406 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Number of Trees of the Dimensions of twenty four Inches, 
upwards of twelve Inches from the Ground, and Suitable for 
the use of the Royal Navy, to be cutt dowTi and felled, which 
Standing and growing within the bounds of the Town of 
Towwon in the County of york, in a Tract of Land within 
the said Province, and which has not been granted to any 
private person, at the time of the Royal Charter of their 
late Majestys King William and Queen Mary's, being granted 
to the Inhabitants of the aforesaid Province, 

That when your Complainant by his Workmen proceeded 
to hawl said Trees away, and float them down the Freshetts 
to the proper places the Inhabitants of said Towon, and 
divers other persons Combining with them, assembled them- 
selves together in a body, and hindred and prevented the 
Complainants workmen from floating Away said Trees, or in 
any wise meddling wth them ~ 

That when your Complainants workmen Endeavoured all 
they could to float said Trees away, they were greatly 
Insulted by these persons who had Assembled themselves 
together as aforesaid, and threatned the said Workmen, if any 
of them Should meddle with said Trees, to float them away, 
or in any wise proceed in that affair, that they would take 
their bodys into Custody on Mesne processes, they had got 
out, and would bring them away Prisoners to York Goal 
without Bail or Mainprize. which threatnings So terrifyed 
the Comp^*^ workmen, that they did not dare venture to pro- 
ceed any further. 

All which Actings and doings of the Inhabitants of the 
Town of Towwon, and the other persons Combining with 
them, Your Complainant apprehends to be a great Indignity 
Offered to His Majesty, and if not prevented may tend to render 
of no effect the Reservation Contained in the Province Charter, 
of all trees of such certain Dimensions to the Use of the 
Crown ~ 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 407 

Whereupon your Complainant humbly prays your Excel- 
lency to take this Complaint into Consideration, and to afford 
him such Assistance in the premisses, as will Effectually 
Suppress the Actings and doings of the persons aforesaid, 
and bring them to Justice, or Otherwise to Order therein, as 
the Nature of the Case requires. And as to your Excellency 
Shall Seem meet ~ 

And Your Complamant will ever pray &c* 

Mark H Wentworth 



In the House of Rep. 11 June 1748. 

Ordered that the Commissary General do forthwith cause 
the Sloop Massachusetts to be unladen & the Stores now on 
board her to be reshiped on some suitable Vessel or Vessels, 
that may be bound Eastward for the service of the Forts & 
Garrisons & other Forces on the Frontiers and that he cause 
said Sloop Massachusetts to be fitted as soon as may be for the 
accomodation of his Excellency in his passage to New York 
& Albany 

Sent up for Concurrence 

T Hutchinson Spkr 

In Council June 11 1748 Read and Concur'd 

J Willard Secry 

Consented to W Shirley 



Frederick Fort July y« S^ 1748 
May it Please your 
Excellency — 

As in Duty Bound I am now to 
Accquaint You'' Excellency that Last Saturday y* Second 
Instant the Indians Carried Away one of My Men William 



408 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Kent by Name who Contrary to my Possetive Orders went 
out of the Garrison, They Took Him without Fireing a Gun 
or Makeing the Least Noise as to what Number of the 
Enemy there was is Uncertain there was but Two Appeared. 

I must Beg Leave to Accquaint you"" Excellency that Not- 
withstanding the Courts allowing me Thirty Men I never as 
yet have had Twenty I must Therefore Humbly Pray that 
your Excellency would be Pleased to Take our Case into 
your wise Consideration for we are very Weak Handed 

I am You"^ Excellency's Most Dutyfull & Humble Servant 

Sam" Moody 

Commission to Col. Miller 

Prov'. of the i 

M. Bay ) ^J ^^^ ^xcy the Gov"^ 
To CoP Miller Greeting 
You are hereby impowered & directed to impress or cause to 
be impressd out of the Reg* of Mihtia under your Comm*^ 
Seven Able bodied Men whom you are to cause to be sent to 
the following Forts & Garrisons, viz* three to be sent to Fort 
George under Cpt Bradbury in the room of Sam^ Thomson, 
Dan^ Robbins & Jeremiah Man, one to be sent to Brunswick 
Fort under Comm'^ of Cpt Burns in the Room of Elisha 
]Morse one to Fort Frederick under Cpt Moody in the room 
of Gamaliel Lyon one to Arrowsick under Cpt Cobb in the 
room of Christ" Monk, one to under Cpt Oulton in the 

Room of Peter Sears; And the said Cpt' are Ordered to 
dismiss the above-named Soldiers 

Aaron Hinkley to U Grov Phipa 

Honour'* S"^ 

inasmuch as I have had the Care of this Garison 
(Since the Death of Captain Benjamin Larrabee) and no 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 409 

Damage has Happend through my Carelessness. I hope your 
Honour will be So Good as to use your Intrest, with His 
Excelency for me, in order to my obtaining His Excelencies 
favior which may conduce, much to my advantage and Safty, 
in this time of War. for I understand that some Designing 
Persons, have wrote and Sign/d a Petition to His Excelency, 
for one to Have the Command of this fort, v/lio is But a Lad 
of a bout Eightteen years old ( Nathaniel Larrabee by name ) 
which may not only Hurt me, But him also, as He is young. 
So leaving it to your Honour's wise Consideration, I Beg 
Leave to Subscribe my self your Honours most obedient 
Humble Serv* Aaron Hinkley 

fort George 
in Brunswick 
Aug* 24 1748 



Petition Sept. 5, 1748 

To Cap* Richard Lord M'' Joseph Hart Cap' Moses Butler 
M' Samuel Bracket jun. And M'' Moses Hodsden Select men 
of the Town of Berwick in the County of York. / We - 
Subscribers freeholders and Inhabitants of the sa,id Town for 
and in behalf of our Selves and others, who have been at the 
Expence of Building a new Meeting house in Berwick on the 
Minestry Land where two Meeting houses have been before 
this Built and the only place where the Publick worship of 
God has been Carried on ever Since any Publick worship has 
been performed in this place, Which is now about four Score 
vears. It being also the place where the General Court 
Lately ordered the Same Should be continued Considering 
that the old Meeting house is now So rotten and Leakey and 
broken that neither Minester nor people can Sit dry and 
comfortable in any part of the Same in a time of Rain or 



410 DOOUMBNTABY HISTORY 

Snow or Strong wind but are frequently disquieted thereby 
in the time of publick Service and the winter Season draw- 
ing on in wliich Season you very well Know the old House is 
not Sutiable and fitted Comfortably for to meet in and the 
new house will very Soon be So far fineshed as to be much 
more commodious for the Inhabitants of the Town : Three 
quarters or more of whom live within three or four miles of 
Said house and may be therein very well accomodated : It is 
our desire that they may be So, And if any of the Inhabit- 
ants that have not Subscribed towards the building this 
house are minded to give any thing towards the building 
and have pues in the Same as others who have Subscribed 
they are welcome So to do & those who are not dispossed to 
give any thing towards it are nevertheless welcome to the 
free use and Enjoyment of it as if they had paid their rate- 
able part to it, the house is So large and convenient as that 
we Suppose it will accommodate more people Excusive of 
the pue privilidges then the old meeting house would in all the 
Seats of every Sort : and altho there has been a vote passed to 
build a meeting house with in about a mile and a half of this 
house which will cause great differance and as we concieve, be 
very hurtful to the Town if proceeded in not only in respect to 
place proposed to build it but also with respect to Circum- 
stances of many of the Inhabitants who will find it hard enough 
to pay their parts of more then two Thousand pounds to the 
Parish Rates this year to Town County Rates which will 
amount to aboute one Thousand pounds more they will be 
unwilling that Sum Should be doubled upon them at Such a 
time as this, when all other Taxes are So very heavy. 

Our request to you is that you'l Call a Town meeting to be 
held at old Meeting house as Soon as may be, and Incert in 
your warrant for that Meeting that the Town may vote first 
to accept of this house for a place for the Pubhck worship 
of God, and that as Soon as the Same Shall be made thyte 



OP THE STATE OF MAIKE 411 

and comfortable the publick worship Shall be perforra"^ therein 
and that this Application and these proposals may be read to 
the Town in Said meetingr 

2<iiy To vote to reconsider their former votes about build- 
ing a meeting house past in may last and if the Town will 
vote to Raise and apply any Sum towards the building and 
finishing this house the Same Sum Shall be raised on the 
Town in General and applyed to the building a meeting 
house in the uper part of Said Town where it may be placed 
more then three miles distant from this house 

3diy Xhat when it Shall be agreed upon to build a new 
meeting house at Such a distance as before mentioned to 
accommodate the uper part of the Town and new Settlements 
a Minester Shall be Supported for that place with the 
Minester in the Lower part of the Town by one General 
Rate or Tax through the Town. / 
Berwick Sep' 5: 1748 

Samuel Nason Nathan Lord Abraham Lord 

Moses Goodwin Benj^ Nason Samuel Lord jun. 

Sam^ Lord John Lord Phillip Hubbard 

John Lord jun. John Hill Elisha Hill 

Ichabod Goodwin Thomas Goodwin Timothy Davis 

Joseph Emery John Cooper jun. 
A true Copy of the Origenal : 

Attest Hump. Chadbourn Town Clerk 



Warrant. 

York ss / To M' Tilley Heggens Constable of the Town of 
Berwick within the County of York Greeting 
Whereas Application is made to us the Subscribers by a Law- 
full Number of Freeholders Inhabitants of the said Town of 
Berwick for the Calling a Town Meeting : these are In His 



412 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Maj*y« Name to Require you to Notifie the said Freeholders 
other Inhabitants of said Town Quallefied by Law to Vote in 
Town Meetings that they Assemble and Meet at the Meeting 
House in Said Town on Munday the Twenty Sixth Day of 
September Instant at ten of the Clock in the fournoon then 
and there 

1^' first to See if the Town will pass any Vote for to 
Accept of the New Meeting House Lately Set up in Said 
Town on the Ministrey Land by a Number of Freeholders 
and Inhabitants of Said Tov.n to be a place for the Publick 
Worship of God and that as Soon as the Same Shall be 
Made tite and Comfortable the Publick Worship Shall be 
Performed therein — 

2'y to Vote to Reconsider their former Votes about Build- 
ing a Meeting House passed in May Last. 
3^y To Vote to raise and apply any Sum towards the Build- 
ing and finishing this House — 

4^y To Vote the Same Sum Shall be raised on the Town in 
Generall and Applied to the Building a Meeting House in 
the upper part of Said Town where it may be placed more 
than three Miles Distant from this House — 
5*y To Vote that when it Shall be agreed upon to Build a 
New Meeting House at Such a Distance as before mentioned 
to accomodate the upper part of the Town And New Settle- 
ments a Minister Shall be Supported for that place with the 
Minister in the Lower part of the Town by one Generall rate 
or Tax through the Town — 

g Samuel Bracket ~] 

Moses Hodsdon i 

Richard Lord }■ 

Joseph Hart 

Moses Butler J 
York ss / Berwick September: 26*^ 1748 

Persuant to this Warrant to me Directed I have Notified 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 413 

and Warned all the freeholders and Inhabitants Qualified to 
Vote in Town Meetings that they Meet at time and place 
within Mentioned by Posting up a Notification at the Meet- 
ing House Door in Said Town it being the Usual Meathod 
of Warning Meetings in Said Town — 

g Tilly Haggens \- Constable 
A True Coppy taken from the Origenal 

Attest Hump. Chadbourn Town Clerk 



At a Legal Town Meeting held at Berwick September 26"* 
1748 

Voted m"^ Peter Grant Moderator. 

Put to vote whether the New Meeting house in this Town 
of Berwick Shall be for the whole Town to meet in for the 
Publick worship of God it past in the Negative. 

Put to vote whether the vote in May last for the building 
a new meeting house Shall be reconsidered it past in the 
Negative 

put to vote whether money Shall be raised to finish this 
new meeting house it past in the negative. 

put to vote whether a Sum Shall be raised to build a meet- 
ing house more then three miles above this Meeting house it 
past in the Negative. 

put to vote whether when it shall be agreed upon to build 
a new meeting house at Such a distance as before mentioned 
to accomodate the uper part of the Town and new Settle- 
ments a Minester Shall be Supported for that place with tlie 
Minester in the Lower part of the Town by one General Rate 
or Tax through the Town it past m y^ Negative 
A true Coppy of Record 

Attest Hump. Chadbourn Town Clerk 



414 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petition. 1748. 

To His Excellency William Shirley Esq"^ Cap* General 
Governor & Commander in Chief in & Over His Majesty's 
Province of the Mass^ Bay The Hon^'® His Majesty's Council 
& House of Representatives for said Province in General 
Court Convened the 26 Day of October 1748 

The Humble Petition of John Storer Esq' as Agent for the 
Town of Wells in the County of York in said Province Shews 

That the said Town of Wells have for many Years past 
had the Care, & Sustain'd the Charge & Expence ( at least 
in a Great Measure ) of Maintaining one Mary Smith of said 
Town, a Person Naturally wanting of Understanding so as 
not to be able to Provide for herself, and having no Relations 
who would Voluntarily, or who could be Obliged to take care 
of her — That she is the Daughter of Samuel Wheelwright 
late of Wells afores*^ Deceased, who by his Last Will, gave 
to the said Mary One Quarter part of the Farm where he 
Dwelt ( Exceptmg twenty Acres out of the whole ) in Tail 
General, and in Default of Heirs of her Bod}^ then to the 
Heirs of the Late Hon^^** John Wheelwright Esq' Deceased. 

That the said Mary has been Married ( tho' now a Widow ) 
whereby she has Several Children ( tho' none able to Support 
her, ) and the Income & profits of her Estate, fall vastly short 
of a Sufficiency for that purpose, as your Petitioner is Ready 
to Evince by Regular Acco*^ thereof kept, & Especially too 
as the said Town is also Obliged to Support One of her Chil- 
dren, whereby the said Estate is now Several hundred Pounds 
in debt to the said Town — 

That your Petitioner humbly Conceives it is not Consistent 
with Natural Justice, that the Support of the said Mary & 
family should be tlie Burthen of Strangers while she has an 
Estate abundantly Sufficient, as to the Charge hitherto Arisen, 
and to Suffer that to Remain Secure from the payment of a 
Debt Contracted by Necessity and to be as it were a Bounty 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 415 

to her Issue, or others of the same Family, while her Honest 
Creditors ( for in that View the said Town is to be Consid- 
ered ) are Defrauded — 

Wherefore your Petitioner in behalf of his Principals 
Humbly Prays That the In tail afores*^ may be Dockt & the 
Estate afores** ( or so much thereof as may be necessary ) Sold 
under the Care of Some proper Person, & the debt due to 
the said Town discharged, That what Remains may be applied 
as Occasion shall Require to the future Accrewing Charges 
of the said Family — And that Your Petitioner may have 
Leave to bring in a Bill for these Purposes and Your Peti- 
tioner as in duty bound shall Ever Pray &c — 

John Storer 

In the House of Rep^*« Nov"^ 15 1748 Read and Ordered 
that Cap* Spurr Cap* Williams and Cap* Thompson with such 
as the Hon*'^* Board shall Joyn be a Comm«® to take this Pet° 
under consideration and report what they Judge proper for 
this Court to do thereon 

Sent up for concurrence T Hutchinson Spkr 

In Council, Novem' 15 1748. 

Read & Concur'd and James Minot & John Otis Esq" are 
joined in the Affair 

J Willard Secry 

In Council Nov' 18 1748 Read and Ordered That the 
Consideration of this Pet" be referr'd to the next sitting of 
the Court 

Sent down for concurrence J Willard Secry 

In the House of Rep^«« Nov' 23 1748 

Read and Concurd T Hutchinson Spkr 

Petition. Berwick. 

To his Excellency William Shirley Esq' Captain General 
& Governour in Chief in and Over the Province of the Mas- 



416 DOCUlVtENTARY HISTORY 

sacliiisetts Bay and to the Honourable y® Council and House 
of Representatives in Gen^ Court Assembled October 1748 

The Petition of the Subscribers freeholders & Inhabitants 
of the Town of Berwick in y^ County of York within said 
Province Humbly Sheweth — 

That in y® year 1742 a vote was passed by y® Inhabitants 
of said Town for y® building a Meeting House in said Town 
between the Houses of Humphry Chadbourne Esq"^ & M"^ 
Roger Plaisted to Accommodate the People of Said Town in 
General — which place being but a Small Distance about a 
Mile or two from y® place where the Meetmg house then was 
& now is for y® Public worship A meeting house there would 
not be Convenient for y^ Inhabitants either of the uper part 
or lower part of the Town — which being represented to the 
Gen" Court all further proceedings thereon was forbidden 
and a Committee Sent to View y* Situation of the Inhabitants 
& y® several parts of y* Town & report thereon which Coinit- 
tee After Viewing y® Town reported — 
" that the Old Meeting house being y® place where y" Publick 
" worship of God had to that time been performed in said 
" Town and so Conveniently Situated as that the Antient 
" Setlers and Inhabitants who built & kept it in time of Warr 
" & Difficulty Ought still to keep it Since if they should go 
" but one Mile & half to y® North of said meeting house were 
" sufficient of themselves for a Parish — the s* Comittee 
"therefore did judge it reasonable that y® same should be 
" demolished but that it ought still to be Maintain'd in the 
" same place — 

They also reported that smce the Indian war such Improve- 
ments and Settlements were made towards the uper end of 
the Town tliat they might in time be divided into two Par- 
ishes but for the Present to Continue in one body and y* 
Lower part to assist y^ Uper part in building a Meeting house 
to Accommodate the New Settlements or Uper End of the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 417 

Town ( as was then proposed ) was very reasonable - that 
a New Meeting house might be built to Accommodate the 
Inhabitants of the Uper part of the Town — 

which report being Accepted by the Gen^^ Court y® Town 
in Conformity thereto have hitherto kept in one body Per- 
formed y* Public worship of God in y® old Meeting house 
which stands upon y® Ministry Lands in the place where a 
former Meeting house stood & the public worship carryed on 
ever since the Inhabitants ever had a place for pubhc worship 
which is now about Eighty or Ninety years — 

The Petitioners pray leave further to Observe that the old 
Meeting house not being so good & Commodious as that y* 
people may Attend y* Public Worship with Comfort & Safety 
in Stormy weather A Number of the Inhabitants of the Town 
have Contributed About four thousand Pounds Old Tenor & 
have built a New Meetmg house on y® same lot of y* minis- 
try Lands where y* Old Meeting house is which will soon be 
fit for y^ Public worship & will Accommodate all the Inhab- 
itants of the Town ( if they please to use it for that Purpose ) 
which building by way of Contribution or subscription w^as 
supposed to be most for y* Ease of the Poor of the Town who 
have great taxes to pay and being on the Ministry Land 
where y® Gen^^ Court Ordered y* same to be Maintaind and 
by y* General Consent and Subscription of the Inhabitants 
living within the lines proposed by the Gen^ Courts Commit- 
tee for y® first Parish the Contributors proposed nothing but 
the Public good of y* Town — And at a Town Meeting held 
at Berwick on y" 26'^^ day of Septem"^ 1748 Called at their 
desire & request they Proposed to y* Town that y^ Town 
would Accept of this New Meeting house for a place for y* 
Public Worship & if any Person or Persons who had not 
subscribed or Contributed anything towards the building this 
New House were disposed to subscribe they might yet do it 
& those who would not were Nevertheless welcome to y® use 

27 



418 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

of it — it being much more tite & Commodious than y® old 
meeting house now is & in y^ place where the Inhabitants 
Must attend the Publick worship there being no other place 
in the Town for that purpose — It was also proposed that if 
the Town would Vote Any Sum to be raised on the Town & 
applyed towards finishing this New Meeting house a Vote 
also might pass for y® like sum to be raised on the Town y® 
lower part as well as y^ Uper part — to be Applyed towards 
y^ building a Meeting house to Accommodate the New Set- 
tlements in the uper part of the town in any place more than 
three Miles Distant from this house It was also proposed that 
when a Minister should be Caled for y® uper part of the 
Town y® Support of both Ministers should be by one General 
vote or Tax through y^ Town but all these Proposals made 
by y® Inhabitants of the Lower part of the Town were 
rejected — 

Thus the Inhabitants of the Lower part of y® Town & of 
the Most Antient Settlements in it have in all respects 
Observed y" Order of the General Court Agreeable to y® 
report of their Committee Offered to Assist y® Inhabitants of 
the New Settlements in building a Meeting house and are 
still ready & willing to do it ( if they will have one Conven- 
ient for themselves) & in the Mean time to Provide a Suita- 
ble house for y^ Public worship for them Either with, or 
without their assistance that is — the New Meeting house 
now built — 

Yet so it is that notwithstanding the Gen" Court in y® year 
1742 forbid y® proceeding of y® said Town with respect to 
their building a Meeting house so Near y® Old Meeting house 
as they were then about to do — the Town have at their 
Meeting on y^ Second day of May last past Voted to build a 
Meeting house According to that Vote which was then Com- 
plain'd of and Adjudged to be Unreasonable by the Gen" 
Court — the place where they now propose to build the same 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 419 

being within* Dne Mile & half of y" Old Meeting house And 
within the short limits oiitlie line proposed for y« first Parish 
in said Town whenever y« sai\ne should be Divided & at a 
place where the Inhabitants of the ciDer part of y« Town even 
those who are not broken up or removeG^by y" present war 
Must Travil some five six or seven Miles to A^e.eting & it 
Cannot be Convenient for y^ New Settlements but CdxRtriyed 
& Intended to break up & Demolish the old meeting house 
& alter y'' place of Public Worship from the place where it 
has ever been in y* Middle of y® Old Settlements where y® 
Gen^ Court ordered it to be Continued & from y*' Ministry 
Lands to a place where the Town have no lands for a Minis- 
ter nor for a Meeting house & will be utterly Destructive for 
both Ends of the Town & none thereby Accommodated but 
y® Middle part And in order to Effect their Purpose the Town 
at said Meeting in May last Voted to raise one thousand 
Pounds New Tenor to Carry on Said Building & have Chosen 
a Committee to Manage the affair who are Proceeding therein ; 
which your Petitioners humbly Conceive will be of very ill 
Consequence even for Many of those who Joyn in the affair 
as also very Injurious to the Petitioners and Lower part of 
the Town — 

Your Petitioners therefore Most Humbly pray that this 
Honourable Court will be pleased in their Great Wisdom and 
Justice to take the Premisses & Dangerous State & Condition 
of the Town into their Compassionate Consideration Espec- 
ially of y® Lower part of y^ Town — & prevent their ruin, 
Inasmuch as they have ever for y" space of about fourscore 
years last past Maintained Defended & Enjoyed the Public 
Worship of God in y^ place where it is now Performed & in 
all times of Difficulty & Danger & Provided Lands Conven- 
ient for & supported y* ministry and are still willing to be at 
y® Cost to Support y^ same forever ( even if they cannot have 
more than one Mile & half distance North from the old Meet- 



420 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ing house ( as y® Gen^ Courts Committee repoii+^'^^l \ that they 
may be allowed to Enjoy y^ same Sf AV and not be Broken up 
Merely because A Major VoV^ of y« Town is or may be 
Obtain'd to do it y^ GrepJtest Number of which Voters Never 
knew y« Dangers a^liS Difficulties which y« Antient Inhab- 
itants Labo;are11 under in Supporting & Defending y® same & 
Conse/;^uently have not a Just regard thereto. 

Your Petitioners humbly pray that they may be Exempted 
from paying any Part of y® Money Voted to be raised for y° 
building the Meeting house proposed to be built by y** Town 
or that y® Proceedings of the Towns Committee may be Stayed 
& y^ votes of y® Town about y® same may be made Void or 
that there may be a Division of y* Tovvai into two Parishes 
that y^ Lower Part May Enjoy y^ Meeting house which they 
have built by y® old Meeting house on y® Ministry Lands and 
at y^ uper Part of y® Town ( who Pretend to be Superiour to 
y^ lower part ) take Care to Suit themselves with a house 
where they please to have it — and if any one Person in y® 
lower Part of y® Town is unwilling to Joyn with y® lower part 
of y® Town he may be PoU'd off to y® uper part if he So 
Desire — Or Grant to your Petitioners such other relief in 
the Premisses as m your Great Wisdom & Justice shall Seem 
Meet — 

That if any thing in this Petition shall Seem doubtful as 
to y® reasonableness thereof your Petitioners pray that a 
Committee INIay be Appointed by this Court to make further 
Inquirey into y^ Situation of y® Town & report if they can 
think reasonable that this which is y" most Antient Settle- 
ment of & for y® Ministry in said Town should be broken up 
to y*^ Great hurt & Grievance of y^ most Antient Settlers for 
no other reason than this a Major Vote to do it which is all 
y® reason they have for y* & that in Contempt of a former 
order of the Gen^^ Court And your Petit" shall pray &c 

Sep"^ 1748 
Richard Lord John Coopper Elisha Plaisted 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



421 



Nathan Lord 
Benj^ Nasoii 
Elisha Hill 
Ichabod Goodwin 
Joseph Emery 
Samuel Lord 

Samuell Abbot 



John Lord 
James Plaisted 
Samuel Lord J' 
Abraham Lord 
Benj" Chadbourn 
John Goodwin 

Timothy Davis 



John Hill 
Elisha Goodwin 
W™ Tebbets 
Thomas Lord 
Samuell Gethe_ 
Samuel Plaisted 

his 

Etherinton X Hearl 

his mark 

Samuell Gartsheal Stephen Wood Thomas S Hearl 

mark 

John Hodsdon Nathan Lord Juner John Coopper 

Aaron Goodwin Jos : Hodgdon Thomas Wallingford 

his 

Job X Eamery James Gray John Shackley 

mark 

Simon Emery Juner Moses Goodwin Joseph Hubbard 

his 

Paler X Goodwine Richard Hinkley jr Elias Grant 

mark 

Thomas Hodsdon Wilham Hight Philip Hubbard 
Samuel Gatchel Henry Goodwin Humphrey Chadbourn j' 
John Thompson Abraham Lord Tartus James Lord 
Nathaniel Nason James Goodwin Patrick Manning 
Daniel Libbey John Lord Jun John Jones Jun"^ 

his 

Theodore Simpson Thomas x Gillison Nathan Lord tarrtias 

his mark 

Noah X Nason John Andros Nills Goodin 

mark his his his 

William X Goodwin Nathaniel X Goodwin W™ X Goodwin j"" 

mark his mark marek his 

John Bennett Elija X Goodwin Richard X Nason 

marck his mark 

John Thompson juner F X Spencer William Moore 

mark 

William Nason Daniel Gray Heard 

his 

Ephraim Joy Thomas x Hearl jun'' Ebenezer Abbot 

his mark 

Walter Abbot Jos : x Nason 

mark 

Thomas Goodin jun'' Daniel Wadlin 
John Lord third 



Moses Gray 
Thomas Pike 



Thomas Abbott 

Joseph Ricker 
Joshua Emeiy 



Aaron Lord 
About 88 
In Council Ocf^ 28. 1748 



Read & Ordered that the Pet" 



422 DOCUMENTARY HISTOKY 

serve the Select Men of the Town of Berwick with a Copy 
of this Petition, that they may shew Cause if any they have 
A on Fry day the 18"' of Nov' next if the Court be then sitting, 
if not, A on the 2^^ Wednesday of tlie next Sitting of the Court 
why the Prayer thereof sh*^ not be granted ; And all Proceed- 
ings relating to - Building of a Meeting House or collecting 
any Tax for that Purpose be & hereby are staid - & tlie 
mean time — 

Sent down for Concurrence J Willard Secry 

In the House of Rep'^* Ocf^ 29, 1748 

Read and Nonconcurrd and Ordered that this Pet" be 
dismiss'd 

Sent up for concurrence T Hutchinson Spkr 

In Council Nov' 1. 1748 Read & Nonconcurr'd, And the 
Board adhere to their own Vote 

Sent down for Concurrence J Willard Secry 

In the House of Rep^«« Nov' 1. 1748 

Read and Concurr'd with the amendm* Viz Dele at A. 
Sent up for concurrence T Hutchinson Spkr 

In Council Nov' 1. 1748 Read & Concur'd 

J Willard Secry 
Consented to W Shirley 

In Council; Decem' 29. 1748. Read again together with 
the Answer of the Committee of the Town of Berwick & 
Ordered that Sir William Pepperil with such as shall be joined 
by the Hon^^® House of Represent"'^* be a Committee to repair 
to the Town of Berwick; view the same, & hear the Parties 
& report what they judge proper for this Court to do in 
Answer to this Petition. Sent down for Concurrence 

J Willard Secry 
In the House of Rep^^« Dec' 31. 1748 

Read and Concur'd and Col° Gerrish and Col** Titcomb are 
Joyned in the Affair 

Att' Roland Cotton Cler. Dom. Rep. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 423 

Petition of the Select men of Falmouth. Nov. 10., 17^8. 

To His Excellency Will"^ Shirley Esq-^ Cap* Gen" & Com- 
mander in Chief in & over His Majesties Province of the 
Massachusetts Bay in New England & to the Hon^^* His 
Majesties Council in Gen" Court Assembled 
Humbly Sheweth 

The Select men of the Town of Fahn*^ that Will™ Forde 
an Indigent Person ( as he Saith ) came from the west of 
England on the seventeenth day of Ap" last, to New found 
Land & from thence to Piscataqua, from thence to Boston 
where he lived about two months from thence he Travailed 
to the Eastward, as far as Biddeford Intending to have Kept 
School there but meeting with no Incouragement, he being 
informed that there was a Mast Ship at Falm*^ he Travailed 
from Biddeford to Falm*^ Intending to get a passage home in 
s*^ Ship, s*^ Ford having no money to pay his Passage with, 
the master of s'^ Ship refused to Carry him, upon which s*^^ 
Forde being in a Strange Land, having neither Friends nor 
money he was tempted by the Divel to Kill himself he was 
so far prevailed with by the Tempter to Cutt his own Throat 
with a Razor he had in his Pockett, which he Cutt very 
Badly, this was done the Second Night after he came to 
Town, which was the Second day of Sept"^ last, S'^ Wound 
Occasioned a veiy high Fever, which made his Case very 
Dangerous, Application having been made to us to take care 
of him & to provide a place for him we prevailed with Cap'' 
Moses Pearson to take him into his House & to Look after 
him, where he was well taken care off, untill his wound was 
Healed We Employed Doctor Wise both as a Chirurgion & 
Physician to look after him : One of his own Country men 
belonging to North yarmouth offered to give him his Board 
the winter Ensuing if he would go & Live with him, accord- 
ingly we Sent him there the third day of this Instant Nov'^ 
which was as soon as he was fitt to be removed. 



424 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Your Petitioners prays your Excellency & Honours, that 
Cap* Pearsons acco" for Nursing & Tendance & M' James 
Milks acco" for trasporting the s*^ Will" Forde to North Yar- 
mouth & the Doct*^* acco" for medicine & attendance which 
are herewith Exhibited to the amount of Sixty one pounds 
ten sliillings old Tenor may be p*^ out of the Treasury of the 
Province as by Law in Such Cases made & provided and your 
Petitioners as in Duty Bound shall ever pray 
Falm**^ Nov 10 1748 

James Milk \ Select men 

Joseph Tompson > of the Town 
John Snow ) of Falm*^^ 

61-10-0 old Tenor 
abate 3 

~68 10 



N. Tenor X14 12 6 
To be p^ to Cap* Moses Person 
& by him to be p*^ to y** Several persons 



Message. 

Gentlemen of the House of Representatives. 

I observe that in the Establishment of the Pay and Sub- 
sistence of the Forces this Winter, you have not included 
Fort Dummer : I cannot suppose that this Omission is from 
any Intention to slight it, especially at this Juncture, while 
our Application to his Majesty for a reimbursement of Our 
Charges in the maintaining of it, is now depending: And 
therefore I desire you would make Provision for the Support 
of the Garrison there as soon as may be. 

I desire also that you would consider, whether it may not 
be for the Security of the Frontiers, to provide for a few 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 425 

men, for the Defence of M' Hinsdalls Fort below Fort Dum- 
mer for the Whiter Season. 

Council Chamber Nov' 10. 1748 



Letter S"" W"^ Pepperrell to Gov. SJdrley Nov. 18. 17!^. 

Having been absent the beginning of this Session I had no 
Opportunity to know what was determmed by the General 
Court, relating to the building a Fort at Penobscott, & must 
own I was very sorry when I heard on my Coming to Town, 
that the Court did not think favourably of it — I hope, Sir, 
it will not give Offence for me to declare that I have far other 
Sentiments of that Affair, especially when I inform You of 
the reasons which prevail with me, which my Acquaintance 
with that part of the Country give me an Advantage of 
knowing, which many others are not favoured with — Give 
me leave to offer to your Excell:^ that as I think it will be of 
very great Importance to have such a Fort, so the present 
Season is the only Time to erect it in — When we shall have 
a Peace with the Penobscott Indians ( whom we may dayly 
expect for that Purpose ) it will be accounted Injustice to 
erect a Fort on their Lands, without their Leave, which they 
will never give, not only because the French will instigate 
them to y* Contrary, but as they will readily perceive it 
design'd as a Check upon them — The only Objection that 
can be made against such a Fort, that occurs to me is the 
Charge — But I should think the Advantage which might 
arrise from a Truck Trade carry'd on there added to the sav- 
ings that might be made by the slighting Saco & Richmond 
Brunswick & Georges Forts, & (by carrying our natural 
Enemies so far off, in a few years perhaps ) Pemmaquid also 
would so far exceed the Expence as would turn the Ballance 
much in our Favour — Many other Arguments might be 



426 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

us'd which besides that they would take up too much of your 
Excelly* Time are quite uimecessaiy — I only wish that on 
so important an Occasion the Rules of the Court might be so 
far dispensed with, as that it might be bro* under a Consid- 
eration a second Time in the same Session, when such as are 
not already mformed of the Consequences of the Affair may 
have an Opportunity therefor. 

I am Sir Your Excellencys Most obedient & Most Humble 
Servant 

Boston Novem: 18*^ 1748 W" Pepperrell 

His Excellency W" Shirley Esq"^ Cap^ General 
and Governour in Chief &c &c &c 

Message. 

Gentlemen of the House of Representatives 

I am Concerned to hear that you have determined not to 
provide for the building of a Fort on Penobscot River, agre- 
able to Recommendation I made thereof in my Speech to both 
Houses at the Beginning of this Session. 

But having just now received a Letter upon that Subject, 
from Sir William Pepperell ( who was absent from the Court, 
in the Beginning of the Session, & is well acquainted with 
this affair ) which, I think, is worthy of your Consideration, 
therefore I desire you would reconsider this Matter before 

you rise 

W Shirley 
Council Chamber Nov' 18. 1748 

A true List of all the Famileys in Barwick above Chaborns 
River. Barwick Desem' 17*^ 1748 

Joshua Abbot Humphrey Chadborn Cap* Joseph Chadborn 
Sam^^ Gartsheal Noah Thompson Efrum Joy 
Moses Abbot Israel Hunewell Benj Lord 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



427 



Benj Chadborn 
Joliii Lord Jun 
John Carter 
Terah Sprague 
The" Butler 
m"^ Joseph Hartt 
Joseph peney 
Joshua Nason 
John foard 
John pray 
Abiall Hamblton 
John Smith Jun 
Peter Keeys 
Samuell Wintworth 
John parce 
Banj Horsmer 
Charles Goodwin 
Banj Aston 
John Woster 
Jolni fall 
Jos ; Nock 
Joshua Robords 
John Sutevant 
Ezeeke^ Wintworth 
William Clark 
lachabod Tibbots 
James foy 
Moses Spencer 
Charles Libbey 
Joseph Woodsum 
Jeremiah ffrost 
Joseph Hendrson 
Banjaman Gubtal 
Edward Clarey 



Robert furnish 
Nathan Lord 
Thomas Nobell 
Tilley Higgon 
Cap* Moses Butler 
William Garrish 



m' Sam" Lord 
m'' Thomas Abbot 
John Lord 
Moses Lord 
Josiah Guttridge 
John Tucker 



Joseph Woodsum J"^ John Quint 
Henrey Sloman m'' Thomas Goodwin 

Joshua Quint Samuel pray 

Abraham Lord James Garrish 

Benjamun Hamblton EP John Smith 
Joshua Smith John Keeys 

William Keeys James Garrish Jun 

Samuell Wintworth j"" Ebenezer Parce 



Isreal parce 
John Hursom 
Elezor Clark 
m"^ Moses Hosdon 
William H upper 
Joshua Nock 
Thomas Dowins 
Ebenezor Lord 
Trostum fall 
Nathanel Downs 



Moses abbott 
Moses Goodwin 
Nathanel Joy 
Joshua Hosdon 
Sam" Woster 
Zackria Nock 
John Grindall 
John Whitt 
Sam" fall 
Joseph Hamblton 



William Clark Jun"" Trustum Ward 



John Connor 
William Downs 



James Mackneall 
Sam" Downs 



Doc"^ Benjamin Libbey Daniel Libbey 

Jos Libbey Banjaman Gutredge 

John Woodsum Charls Garrish 

Joseph Allen Stephen frost 

Lei* Roger Plaisted Nathanell Gubtal 

Richard Chils Richard Hearl 

Paul Ston Joseph Ston 



428 



DOCUMENTARY HISTOKY 



Gidon May 
m'' John Holmes 
Samuell Holms 
Goray Bron 
Mily Thompson 
Liu* Pittor Grant 
Daniel Grant 
John Knight 
Richard Thirall 
William Abbot 
Edwor 

Thomas Hobbs 
John ffrost 
Patrick Gowin 
James ffrost 
m'^ Sam" Brackut 
John Shorey 
John Murrey 
Pettor pray 
Henerey 
Joshua Andros 
Aron Goodwin 



Samual Huppor 
John Walker 
Antoney C 
Simon Ston 



Joseph Welsh 
Thomas Homes 
William Holmes 
Jonathan Ston 



Bartlomew Thompson Banj Wordon 



Landon Grant 
Andrew Walker 
John Hamblton 
Abial Hamblton 
Thomas Gubtal 
Ruben Hays 

Backor 
m"^ Stephen H 
Nathanell Libbey 
William Goodwin 
James Brackot 
Sam" Shorey 

Stillin 
Nathanel ffrost 
James Chadborn 
John Brackett 



Alexander Grant 
John Knight 
Garbid Hamblton 
William Chadborn 
Joseph Richards 
William Goodwin 
William Chils 
William ffrost 
John Andros 
William Goodwin jun 
John Brackut 
Thomas Shorey 
William Davice 
Thomas Tibbots 
Thomas Lord 
Sam" Gubtal 
Hugh Ross 



Addon Goodwin 
Joseph Chadborn Jun John Jones 

192 famileys : above Chadborns River at this Day Berwick 
Desem^ 17*^ 1748 

further Israel parce Moses Abbot Valentin Seal John Sea 
which makes 196 

Ace* of Young men Rated for them Selves & under their 
fathers above Chadborns River 
Joshua Goodshel Theodath Simpson 
Aron Abbot John Butler 

Thomas Goodwin Sam" Pray Jun'' 
Philo C ffall Ephrom Grant 



Humphrey Spencr 
Moses Butler Jr 
Caleb Mackorty 
Jonathan Clark 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



429 



Isreal Hodsdon 
Banj Nock 
Gorage Bran 
Stephen Hardsom 
Joshua Brackott 
Abial Hambton 
James Thurnell 
Thomas Hobs 
Stephen Hodsdon 



Thomas Sandors 
Micheal Woodsum 
John Parce 
James Brackot 
Ehgor Goodwm 
Joshua Hamblton 
John Gubtal 
Garbrel Hamblton 
Wintworth Stuart 



Park S Marmon 
Jonathan Stimson 
John Hard son 
Sam^^ Brackot 
Nicklos Thompson 
Jonathan Thurnel 
Noah Rickords 
Henrey Hobbs 



38 Ratebell Yong men above Chadborn River 



Broght over yong men 
James Perrey 
Simon Clark 
Goarg Clark 
which m the H 

pols above y® river 
below -- — 



38 



41 
196 

237 
133 
370 
104 



A list of Young Men reated below the river 



Viz. 



Joshua Lord 1 


Jeremiah L 




Edward Nason 1 


W" plastd 




Row 1 


John Emry 




Sami C 1 


James Lord Jr 




Jos Lord 1 


Jabes Lord 




Jos Brown 1 


Stephen Lord 




Moses Abbot Jr 1 


Timothy Davis 




Thomas Good Jr 1 






Benja Chadboum 


0: 11:0 




Humphry Chadboum j"" 


0: 10: 




m' John Lord Ju'^ 


0: 10: 9 




Joshua^Emery 


0: 5: 6 





430 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Joseph Recker 


0: 


14: 





Nathan Lord 3-^ 


0: 


5: 





Noah Recker 


0: 


4: 


9 


Patrick Maning 


0: 


5: 





m' Sam" Lord 


0; 


17: 





Thomas Picke 


0: 


7: 





Thomas Solingford Eq"" 


0: 


12: 


9 


William Goodwin 


0: 


11: 


2 


William Goodwin j' 


0: 


5: 


9 


Theod"" Simson 


0: 


5: 





Eligea Goodwin 


0: 


4: 


6 


Thomas Goodwin 


1: 


6: 






In Constable Lords List below 

125-0-0 
68-8-7 



7: 15: 11 
50: 12: 9 

68: 8: 7 



66 11 : 6 



Joshua Emery 
Noah Nason 
Thomas Jillison 
James Hearl 
John Hupper J'' 
John Bennet 
James Goodwin 
Soloman Goodwin 
Moses Spencer 
Richard Nason Ju*" 
Timothy Davis 
Sam" Plaisted 
William Might 
Ethernton Hearl 



John Thomson jr 
Danil Libbey 
Joseph Jillison 
Thomas Hearl Ju' 
Daniel Gray 
Benony Bragdon 
Freethy Spencer 
Miles Goodwin 
Sam" Gatchill 
James Lord 
Elisha Goodwin 
John Hill Esq' 
W" Moore 
Benja Nason 



James Warrun j' 
Joseph Jillison Ju' 
Solomon Walker 
Gilbort Hearl 
Viriah Page 
Daniel McCanny 
Nathn" Goodwin 
Daniel Wodlin 
Richard Nason 
Jolui Thomson 
Elisha Plaisted Esq'' 
John Wise 
Ichabod Goodwin 
William Nason 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



431 



Stephen Wood 
William Tibbetts 
Joseph Nason 
Joseph Goodwin 
Peter Grant Jn"" 
Tayler Goodwin 
Ebanz' Abbot 
John Goodwin 
Richard Shackley 
Daniel Goodwin 
Phillip Hubbard 
Sam'^ Hodsdon 
Joseph Hodsdon 
Nicholas Lord 
John Lord Ju"^ 



Cap* Richard Lord 
Aron Abbot 
John Cooppur 
Joshua Grant 
Sara^i Abbot 
Thomas Abbot Ju"" 
Nathan Lord S-^ 
Moses Goodwin 
John Shackley 
m'' John Huppar 
Joseph Hubbard 
Richard Hodsdon 
Abarara Lord 
Nathan Lord 



Aaron Lord 
Sam^' Nason 
John Cooppur J"" 
Ellias Grant 
Daniel Grant 
Walter Abbot 
John Goodwin Ju' 
Aaron Goodwin 
Thomas Goodwin 
Soloman Huppar 
Joseph Hodsdon J'' 
Joseph Emery 
Abaram Lord Son 
John Lord 
Sarnie Lord J^ 
Thomas Hodsdon 



Simon Emery Ju 
Richard Shackley Ju'^ John Hodsdon 
Thomas Thomson Jonathan Hamilton Henery Goodwin 

these below Chadbourns River 93 Famalys 
Thomas Lord Jobe Emery Joshua Abbot 

Above y* River 
Elisha Hill Sam'^ Gatchill Ju' James Plaisted 

Ephram Joye Humphry Chadbourn Ju"" Benj* Chadbourn 



Sam" Lord 


John Lord Ju"" 


Nathan Lord Ju' 


Patrick Maning 


William Goodwin 


Joseph Recker 


Thomas Picke 






14 






96 







110 



Humphry Chadbourn Esqr Humphry Chadbourn Ju 
Cap* Joseph Chadbourn Joseph Cliadbourn Ju' 

Patrick Maning Benja Chadbourn Benja Lord 
Sam" Lord Ju'' Iseral Hunuill Robert Furniss 

Sam" Lord John Lord Ju'' Nathan Lord d^ 



432 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Moses Abbot 
Thomas Noble 
Tilley Hoggan 
Josiali Goodrige 
John Tucker 
Moses Spencer 
John Woodsum 
Jer: Frost 
Stephen Frost 
Benja Libby 
Charles Libby 
Edward Clarey 



Thomas Abbot 
John Lewis 
Thomas Butler 
Joseph Hartt 



John Cartar 
Terah Spreage 
Moses Lord 
William Gerrish 
John Quint 



Joseph Peney 

Joseph Woodsum Jur Joseph Woodsum 
Charles Gerrish Joseph Allen 

Joseph Hendrson Henery Rimes 
Lef Roger Plaisted Benja Goodrige 
Joseph Libby Daniel Libby 

Nathn" Gubtail Benja Gubtail 
Richard Hearl Noah Thomson 

these above Chadbourns River to the Porpos*^ Line 
about 76 



and 16 



makes 92 
Paul Stone 
m"^ Sam^^ Hupper 
John Walker 
Sam'^ Holmes 



S Stone 
m'' John Holmes 
Antony Arely 
Thomas Holmes 



m"^ Miles Thomson m"" Jonathan Stone 
Thomas Roberts m"^ Benja Hodsdon 



Landas Grant 
Andrew Walker 
John Hamilton 
Moses Butler 
Henery Sloman 
Sam^^ Pray 
James Gerrish 
John Smith Jur 
W'^ Keey 
Ebenz'' Peirce 
Charles Goodwin 



Daniel Grant jr 
Grindel Knight 
Gabriel Hamilton 
VoUentine Scatts 
John Foard 
John Pray 
Benja Hamilton 
John Keey 
Sam^^ Wentworth 
John Peirce 
Nathn" Joye 



m' Moses Hodsdon Joshua Hodsdon 



Gideon May 
George Brawn 
Joseph Welch 
Joseph Stone 
Bartlemo Thomson 
m' Peter Grant 
Allexd"" Grant jr 
John Knight 
Richard Thirrel 
John Scatts 
Joshua Quint 
Abaram Lord Ju'' 
El'^ John Smith 
Peter Keey 
Sam'i Wentworth J' 
m' Moses Goodwin 
Elezer Clark 
Benja Asting 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 



433 



Jolm Woster 


W" Hupper 


Benja Harsman 


Sam^^ Woster 


John Faul 


Zackrey Nock 


Joseph Nock 


Benf Nock 


Thomas Downs 


John Grindel 


Joshua Roberts 


Ebenz* Lord 


Trustum Faul 


Ezeekel Wentworth Sam" Faul 


Nath" Downs 


John SoUeuan 


Joseph Hamilton 


W- Clerk 


W" Clerk Ju' 


Nath" Nock 


Thomas Shorey 


John Shorey 


Sam" Shorey 


W" Davis 


John Murrey 


Ruke Stilling 


m'^ Sam'^ Brackit 


Isaac Brackit 


Adam Goodwin 


Aron Chick 


Sam" Gubtail 


John Brackit 


Joshua Andros 


James Chadbourn 


Peter Pray 


Nath'i Frost 


W"' Goodwm 


James Frost 


Patrick Gowin 


Nath" Libby 


W"" Frost 


James Mackill 






These above y^ 


Porposd Line in the 


upper part 


about 


80 
10 




above y* line 


90 




between y® river 






& y® line 


82 
172 




Petioners & 






within y® Lemets 


110 

282 




162 






120 






42 






Stephen Hardison 


John Frost 


W" Childs 


Hugh Ross 


Joseph Recker 


Thomas Picke 


John Jones 


Hateuel Conen 


John Connor 



28 



434 DOCUMENTARY HISTOUT 

Signers of Petition 7iot qualified. 

This may Certifie the Honorable Gener" Court that the 
Signours that Signed the Petition that was Sent into Court 
in September last by a Number of Inhabitants of the Town 
of Berwick in behalf of themselves Relating to the Building 
a New Meeting House in Said Town and being Sett off by 
them Selves a Parrish in Said Town that there is more then 
forty of the said Signours to said Petition that are not Qual- 
lified by Law to Vote in Town and parrish Meetings 

Berwick Decm^' 19''> 1748 attest 

•Q Sam" Bracket jr \ Sessors of the 
Moses Hodsdon > Town of 
Moses Butler J Berwick 

At a Legal Town Meeting held at Berwick December the 
S*** 1748 Voted that a Committee Shall be Chosen to answer 
to the Petition Relating to a new Parrish to be Set of in this 
Town./ Voted Cap* Moses Butler Cap* Joseph Chadbourn 
m"^ Peter Grant Humphry Chadbourn and m'' Moses Hodsden 
a Commette to answer to Said Petition. 

A true Coppy of Record 

Attest Hump. Chadbourn Town Cler 

To his Excellency William Shirley Esq'' Captain General 
and Governour in Chief in and over his Majesty's Prov- 
ince of the Massachusetts Bay The Hon^^® the Council 
and Hon^^® House of Represent®^ of the said Province in 
General Court Assembled at Boston December 21^*1748 
The Answer of the Town of Berwick in the County of 
York to the Petition of Sundry of the Inhabitants of said 
Town. — 
Most Humbly Shew 

That the Pet" have Set forth in their Petition to your 
Excellency and Honours that the New Meeting house voted 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 435 

to be built in said Town between the House of Humphrey 
Chadburn Esq' and M"^ Roger Plaistead about a Mile and 
half Distant from the Old meeting house so Called will not 
be Convenient for the Inhabitants of Either the Upper or 
Lower part of the Town to which your Respondents Reply 
That the place where the Town have Voted the new meeting 
house should be built is very near the Center of the Inhab- 
itants of the Town and will Accomodate the whole Town in 
General in such a Manner as that the principal part of the 
Inhabitants of said Town and by far the Greater part of the 
pet" in particular will not have above two Miles and an half 
to Travell to Meeting Except some few of the Inhabitants 
that live in the outscirts of the Town. — 

As to all further proceedings in Building a meeting house 
being forbid by this Hon^'^ Court Your Respond*' Say that 
they were only Suspended and that for no longer time than 
the Com*^® Appointed by this Great and General Court should 
Report their Opinion what they Judged proper for the Court 
to do on their petition in June 1742 And the said Com'*^ 
Accordingly in Septem^' 1742 Reported it as their opinion 
" That Another Meeting house should be built in the Upper 
" part of said Town where it would best Accommodate the 
Inhabitants of the said upper part of the Town above Cap* 
Chadburns in a Convenient place as the Town should Agree 
and that it would be for the future peace and well being of 
the Town to keep the Old Meeting house in Repair and build 
a New One where it would best Accommodate the Inhabitants 
in the spot above Cap* Humphrey Chadburns, which Report 
was Accepted by this Great and Hon^'® Court And the said 
Town in Obedience thereto in March last Voted to Repair 
the Old Meeting house at the Charge of the Town as usual 
And in May last Voted at the Charge of the To'wti to Build 
a New Meeting house Agreeable to the said Report above 
Cap* Chadburns house about Midway to M"^ Roger Plaisteads 



436 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

house where they have Carried their Timber Stones and 
jMaterials to proceed in the said Building which place takes 
m and Encludes Most of the large Rhodes and best Settle- 
ments in the Town Runing about five Miles North East by 
East to the Utmost limits of the Town and the other Rhodes 
are from North East and North and from North West by 
North So that all the Rhodes in the Town like the Several 
Branches of a Tree all Center in One place where the New 
Meeting house is Voted to be built which will be Exceeding 
Convenient for the Town but a Small Distance for a few 
Inhabitants to Travell to and from Meeting to what the 
Greater part now have to the Old Meeting house — 

The Pet" go on and say that the Old Meeting house is not 
Commodious by Reason that the people with Comfort and 
Safety in Stormy Weather can't Attend Upon the publick 
Worship of God Your Respondents Reply that they have not 
only made the same Comfortable hitherto so that there is not 
any Danger in Attending Divine Service as they would Insin- 
uate in their petition but have also Employed a Number of 
persons to Repair and Strengthen the same in a Suitable 
Manner and do everything Necessary to make the same more 
safe as well as Comfortable in the Worst of Weathers so that 
there can be no just Grounds for such Representations And 
the Town being Sensible that a larger Meeting house would 
better Acomodate all their Inhabitants have Ordered the 
New one to be of such Dementions and so Extensive as to 
Contain a Greater Number of Inhabitants that at present 
Dwell in the Town So that under what Colour or pretence 
the pet" could Raise of their own heads the sum of Four 
Thousand pounds old Tenor and proceed to Build a New 
Meeting house on the Ministry Lands near the old JNIeeting 
house in Opposition to the Vote of the Town and Directly 
Contrary to the said Com*®®* Report after they were forbid 
by the Select men of the Town And then petition your Excel- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 437 

lency and Honours to Oblige the Town to Accept thereof 
is what your Respondents are not Able to Conceive or Imag- 
ine And Can't think it will be any Inducement to this 
Hon^^® Court to Oblige them to Receive the Same but Rather 
Incline Your Excellency and Honours to Dismiss their peti- 
tion which will be a means of preserving to the Town their 
Invaluable Rights and Priviledges which the pef* have 
unwarrantably Endeavoured to Invade — 

The pet" further say That they are of the Most Antient 
Settlements and have in all Respects Observed the Orders of 
this Court Agreeable to the said Report which is a Gross 
Misrepresentation to your Excellency and Honours for that 
the Greatest part of the Antient Settlers and maintainers of 
the Ministry &c live to the Northard of the Old Meeting 
house and have always defended and kept the same in times 
of Difficulty and Danger And the said pet" have not in the 
least Complyed with the Orders of this Hon^'® Court but in 
direct Contradiction thereto have Erected a meeting house on 
the Ministry Land where the old one now stands So that it is 
the Town and not the pet" that have duly and truly Observed 
the Orders of this Hon^'® Court as will fully appear by their 
Votes Copys whereof are herewith presented Notwithstanding 
the Unjust Charges of the pet" to the Contrary and the said 
Town are Still willing and Desirous to Comply with the said 
Report And therefore they Flatter themselves that your 
Excellency and Honours will not permit or Suffer A few of 
their Inhabitants to Impose a Meeting house upon them Con- 
trary to their Votes when it can't be of any Service but 
Rather a burthen to the Town — 

The Pet" go on to Inform this Hon^i« Court that the 
upper part of the Inhabitants of said Town even those who 
are not broken up or Removed by the War must Travell five 
Six or Seven Miles to Meeting at the place Voted by the 
Town should the said House be built to which Your Respond'* 



438 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

say that this is of a peice with the Rest of their Groundless 
Insinuations for that there is but a very few of the Inhab- 
itants that live five Miles Distant from the proposed place 
and they very scattered and those who live in the lower part 
of the Town even at the Greatest Distance will not have more 
than three Miles to Travell to the place of publick worship 
Except about Eight or ten of the pet^® who will have but 
about four Miles to come So that it cannot in the least be 
Destructive or prejudicial to Either Ends of the Town who 
are not large Enough for two Parishes nor able to Maintain 
two Ministers And should the pet" have their Request 
Granted Your Respond^* Apprehend it will Tend Greatly to 
the Disadvantage if not the Ruin of the Town 

The pet" much Insist upon it and would fain perswade 
Your Excellency and Honours that they are the only persons 
that have provided Lands Convenient for and Supported the 
Mmistry when it is well known that they have done but little 
to what the other part of the Town have done and that 
Upwards of forty of the pet" who boast so much of their 
doings are not even qualified to Vote in Town or Parish 
Meetings so that much could not be Expected from them — 

Your Respond** beg leave to Inform Your Excellency and 
Honours that Upwards of Forty of the Pet" have Joined 
with a Number of persons belonging to the Upper part of 
Kittery and Enter'd into Bonds with each other to Oppose 
all the Votes and Orders of the Town and at all Hazards to 
Act in direct Contradiction thereto by which it plainly 
Appears that the pet" have no Real Regard to the Interest 
of the Town as they would Suggest but are only Seeking their 
private Senister Advantages and Opposing the Town in their 
proceedings for little else than Opposition sake and Endeav- 
ouring to foment Divisions and Contentions in the Town as 
fully appears by their very Extraordinary and Unheard of 
Management in Erecting a Meeting house quite near the old 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 439 

one and that upon the Ministry Lands in Contempt of the 
Town as aforesaid which Doubtless your Excellency and 
Honours will think Worthy of Notice. And should these 
persons be Encouraged in their proceedings your Respond" 
Apprehend it will be of Dangerous Consequence to the Towns 
in the Province — 

And as Your Excellency and Honours fomierly Appointed 
a Com*'^^ to Inquire into the Situation and Circumstances of 
the Town who Reported their Opinion which the Town are 
willing to Comply with Your Respond'* humbly Conceive 
that it can't be of any Advantage to Appoint a new one for 
that purpose — 

And for as much all the Inhabitants of the Town Except- 
ing the pef^* are very Desirous of having a New Meeting 
house built where the Town have Voted the same and are 
Inclined to Continue together and promote peace and Unity 
among themselves 

Your Respond'* therefore Most humbly pray your Excel- 
lency and Honours would not oblige them to Accept of the 
Meeting house built by the Pet" but that the petition be 
Dismissal as Groundless and Unreasonable that the said Town 
may proceed as soon as may be to Compleat the said Meeting 
house Agreeable to their Vote and Collect the Tax assessed 
for that purpose. 

But should Your Excellency and Honours in your Great 
Wisdom not see Cause to Grant the Towns Request they beg 
leave to Observe the unreasonablenegs of the pet" Request 
to be a Seperate Parish so as to take in a Mile and an half 
North from the Old Meeting house for should this Hon^^® 
Court order the same it would Include more that two third 
parts of the Inhabitants of the Town and leave the poor Out^ 
skirts thereof who are almost Continually Annoyed by the 
Enemy to shift for themselves which in a short time would 
oblige the Inhabitants to leave the Town Your Respond'* 



440 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

beg leave further to say that if the pef^* are Desirous to be a 
Distinct Parish by themselves they shall Readily Consent 
thereto provided no other of the Inhabitants be sett off with 
them — 

And your Respond** will ever pray &c 

Moses Butler ^ Com'^^ of the 

Jos : Chadbourn I Town of 

Peter Grant J Berwick 



Coppy taken from the Constable Lists of the Inhabitants 
below Chadbourns River Decmbr 24 1748 viz 
Abraham Lord Alexander Greay Abraham Lord juner 

Aaron Goodin Andrew: Walker Aaron: Abbot 

Aexander Gilleson Aaron Lord Benja : Nason 

Benjamin Lord Benjamin Goodin Benjamin Brgdon 
Charells Lord Daniell Greant Daniell Mackeney 

Daniell Libby Widow Charety Emry Daniell hodsdon 

Daniell Greay widow Deliverance Goodin Daniell Wadlin 
Elisha plasted Elisha Hill Ebenr abbot 

Elias Greant Widow Elisebeth abbot Widow Elisebeth Greay 
Ephraun Joy Etherington Hearl frethey Spencer 

Gilbert Hearell Humphry Scamons Henry Goodin 
Hezeciah Jillison Jo : Hill Esq"^ Jos : Jillison 

John thomson James Goodin Joshoua abbot 

James abbot James Greay John Cooper 

John Cooper juner John Hooper Jo : hooper juner 

Jos Nason Jonathan hamelton James Lord 

John hodsdon John thomson juner John Lord 

Joseph Emry John Bragdon John Bennet 

Widow Judeth hamelton John Goodin James Greant juner 
Joseph Habard Joseph hodsdon Jabzes Emry 

J ohn Goodin juner Ichobad Goodin James plasted 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 



441 



James forgison 
Joshoua Greant 
John Hubard 
Mills Goodin 
Noah thomson 
Petter Greant Jr 
Richard Lord 



John Geatchell John Lord 3*^ 
Joseph Jileson jun"^ Joseph Goodin 
Jose Emry Joseph hodsdon Jr 

Moses Goodin jun' Moses Green 
Nathan Lord Noah Nason 

Nath Nason Nath Lord juner 

philip Habbard Petter Greant 

Richard Shakly Richard Shakly juner Richard Nason 
Richard Nason jun"" Richard hodsdon Sam" Plasted 
Sam" Geatchell Sam" Geatchell jun' Simon Emry 
Sam" Lord jun"^ Sam" Shorey Sam" hodsdon 

Sam" hodsdon juner Sam" Abbot Sam" Nason 

Solomon Walker Stephen Wood Thomas Thomson 

Thomas Hearell Thomas abbot juner Thomas Jilleson 
Tealor Goodin Timothey Davis Thomas Goodin jun' 

Thomas Hearell juner Thomas Hodsdon Tobias Lord 



Thomas Lord 
William Moore 
Will™ Nason 
In all 



Taylor Greay 
William Moore 
Waltor Abbot 
118 



Vriah page 
William Hight 



Ditto young men 15 
133 



Acti07i of Cou7icil. 

In Council Decemb"- 24"» 1748 
Read again together with the Answer of Dorothy Cutter 
Adm^ of the Estate of the within named Ammiru"^ Cutter. 
And Ordered That upon the Pef^* procuring and Delivering 
to the said Dorothy a good Deed of Release and Quit Claim 
to Lott N*' 14 referrd to in the Pet° for the use of the Heirs 
of the said Amiruhamah, the said Dorothy be and hereby is 
Authorized And Impowered to give a Deed of Release of 



442 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Lott N** 16 in the same Division to the Petit Loring for the 
use of the Ministry in the Town of Nortli Yarmouth 

Sent down for Concurrence J Wilhird Secry 

In the House of Rep^^« Dec^ 26. 1748 Read and Coucur'd 

T Hutchinson Spkr 
Consented to W Shirley 



Report of Cormnittee on the petition of inhabitants of Berwick. 

In obedience to the Order of the General Court of the Sl^* 
day of Decem'' 1748 we the Committee to whom was refer'd 
the Petition of Several of the Inhabitants of the Town of 
Berwick relating to their meeting House having repaired to 
the Said Town & Viewed the Several Parts thereof and the 
Situation of the Inhabitants and heard all the Parties therein 
concern'd agree humbly to Report That, the said Town of 
Berwick be Divided in two Distinct and Separate Parishes 
and that the Lower Parish bounds run North from the old 
meeting House one mile and a half, & from thence South 
west and by west to Sahnon fall river and from said river 
North East & be East to the Extent of the Township, and in 
as much as the Petitioners have by Subscription Erected a 
commodious House near where the old one Stands w''^ is the 
most Suteable place to accommodate the Lower Parish we 
are Humbly of opinion that the Said House be there Estab- 
lished for the Publick worship of God, and that the Peti- 
tioners ought not to pay any part of the tax w'"'* the s*^ Town 
has made for the building another Meeting House in y® 
Upper Part of the Town nither will the place where the s*^ 
Town has Voted to Erect another meeting House be conven- 
ient for the Inhabitants in the upper part of the s"^ Town, 
but are of opinion that if a meeting House for the Upper 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 443 

Parish was Erected neare y® House of Thomas Giihtale it 
wouhi be y^ most Suteable place to Accommodate the upper 
Parish, and that altho the afore mentioned Line should take 
in Lieu* Peter Grant, Benj* Hodgdon, George Brawn, Grindal 
Knight, Noah Tompson, John Knight, Andrew Walker, Lan- 
ders Grant, Alexander Grant, Daniel Grant, Joseph Chad- 
bourn jun'" Gabrel Hamblton, John Hamblton, Richard Tharla 
^ch -^y^jj ]jg much nearer the place proposed for the Meeting 
House to be built in the upper Parish - we are of Opinion 
that they and their Estates where they now dwell Should 
have Liberty if they see cause to joyn with the upper Parish 
and there pay the Parish Taxes, and that if the aforesaid 
proposed Deviding Line should Seperate any mans Land that 
he pay to that Parish the whole of his Parish Tax in w'"'' his 
House Stands and that the Rever'^ M"^ Jeremiah Wise the 
present Minester of said Town have Liberty to be the mines- 
ter of w*"'' of the Parishes in s*^ Town he shall chuse and that 
the Passanage Land in the bounds of the Lower Parish shall 
remain e to that Parish — 

and that the Town at their cost shall procuer for the Upper 
Parish one hundred Acres of the cornon and Undivided Land 
belonging to the Propriet" of said Town where it can best 
Accommodate them for a Parsonage all w'^^ is Humbly Sub- 
mitted by order of y® Committee 

Berwick the 21»* day of February 1748 

W"' Pepperrell 



Message Jan. 20, 1748. 

Gentlemen of the House of Represenf^^' 

I would now remind you of your having refer'd over to 

this Sitting of the Court the Consideration of my Messages 



444 DOCUMENTAHY HISTORY 

recommending to you to provide for the building of a Fort 
near the mouth of Penobscot River ; And as I am still of 
Opinion that such a Fort would be of great Advantage to the 
Province both in Peace and War ; and as this seems to be 
the most proper Season for effecting this Matter, I desire you 
would proceed upon it before you rise, and consider my 
several Messages and the Papers sent you with them, wliich 
I suppose are lying in your Files 

W Shirley 
Council Chamber Jan^ 20, 1748 

In the House of Rep^^" Jan^ 25. 1748 

Read and Ordered that Cap* Little Col° Miller and Cap* 
Collins \vith such as the Hon^^*^ Board shall Joyn be a Comm®^ 
to take this Mess* and the papers accompanying it under 
consideration and report what they Judge proper for this 
Court to do thereon as soon as may be. Sent up for concur- 
rence T. Hutchinson Spkr 

In Council Jan. 26, 1748 

Read & Concur'd, and Samuel Welles, Joseph Wilder & 
Andrew Oliver Esq''^ are joined in the Affair 

J Willard Secry 

The Comittee appointed as above, having twice met & con- 
sidered the affair, were equally divided on the Question 
whether it was proper to proceed on this undertaking, at this 
session of the General Court or not & therefore would not 
proceed. 

By order of the Com*^® Samuel Welles. 

In Council Jan. 31. 1748; Read & Voted that the Affair 
above mentioned be ref erd to the next Sitting of this Court 
Sent down for Concurrence J Willard Secry 

In the House of Rep^«« Jan^ 31. 1748 

Read and Concurd T Hutchinson Spkr 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 445 

To the Selectmen of the Town of North Yarmouth 

To be communicated to the Inhabitants of the s** Town at 
their first Town Meeting 

Gentlemen 

We the Subscribers Inhabitants of the neck of Land Called 
Merriconeage and Islands adjacent within the Township of 
North Yarmouth, Being sensible that we are Required by the 
Laws of God and of the Province to attend the Publick Wor- 
ship on the Lords Day and Enjoy the Privilages of the Gos- 
pel and by reason of our Living at so great a Distance from 
the Stated place of Worship in the To\^ti or any Neighbour- 
ing Town both by Land and Water as to Deprive us of the 
privilages of the Gosple. And being Desirous to Support 
the Gosple among our selves where we may with Convenience 
and Comfort Enjoy the advantages of it : And not being able 
to Effect this unless we are set off as a Distinct Precinct. 
Do Request of the Inhabitants of the s*^ Town of North Yar- 
mouth That you would at Your Next Town Meeting Vote to 
be a District and seperate precinct all that Tract of Land 
Called Merriconeage Neck and all the Islands within two 
Miles Westward of s'^ Neck and all the Islands and main 
Land Lying Eastward of the s'^ Neck within the Township 
of North Yarmouth : and as far as it is in your power Invest 
us the Inhabitants with the Privilages of Distict & Seperate 
Precinct, and your Granting this Request We Shall esteem 
as a great favour 

Merriconeage January 30*'" 1748/9 
John Stover Wait Webber Seth Toothaker 

William Macgray Richard Hase Elisha Ailing 

William Alexander Nathaniel Barns Benjamin Barns 

William Tarr Patricks Phalen James Doyle 

John Matthews Jonathan Webber 

of New Capenewaging 
Timothy Bailey William Black 

of Little Sebescodegen William Black jun' 



446 DOCUISIENTAIIY HISTORY 

Petition Mch" Loring ^c. Feb. 9. 17^8 

To His Excellency Will"" Shirley Esq^ &c The Hon- 
ourable His jMajestys Counsel & House of Represent- 
atives of the Province of Massachusetts Bay in New 
England in General Court Assembled — 
The Petition of Nich" Loring in behalf of himself and Jer 
Powell in behalf of the Town of North Yannouth — 

The Petitioners Humbly Sheweth, that in the resettlement 
of the Town of North Yarmouth there was by order of the 
Great and General Court Two allotments of Lands to be laid 
out in s*^ Town, one to be for tlie first Minister as his own 
property for ever the other for his & his successors improve- 
ment for the time Being and that in recording s** allotments 
of Land Lots Nu^ 16 & Nu"" 14 where both recorded Min- 
isters Lot. in the west division of one Hundred & twenty 
Acre Lots by a mistake in the Proprietors Clerk (as is 
supposd ) alters Lot Num' 14 to ministerial as appears by 
the face of the records inadvertently makeing the aditional 
amendment to the rong Number 

That the Lot N"16 «fe not N"" 14 is the ministerial Lot be 
made to appear from the original Tickets. That s* Lot was 
a Pitclit Lot as may be made to appear by the Testimony of 
those who were appointed to pitch the same. 

The Petitioner further Sheweth That in Sep-^ 4 1735 the 
Proprietors of s*^ Town appointed a Committe^to rectify the 
mistakes to March 9*^ 1735/6 The Committe repots to the 
propriety and there accepted & put upon record 
and among many other things the Committe repoi-ts. that 
Lot Nu'" 16 was through a mistake recorded to the Rev* M^ 
Ammi Ruhami Cutter, all which may be made to appear by 
attested Copeys from the Proprietors Clerk. 

And tho the said Committe reports ( of which n/ Cutter 
was one and sign'd the same with his own hand ) that he the 
s*^ Cutter offers to give a quit Clame of Lot Nu' 16 provided 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 447 

the present minister for the time Being give him a quit 
Clame of Lot Nu"" 14, as the report may be Seen, and yet he 
refused tho often requested but enter'd upon s'' Lot and 
made great waste of the timber & since his death his Heirs 
persist in the same which has ah'eady been hundreds of 
pounds damage of s** Lot. 

The Petitioners therefore Humbly request Your Excellency 
and the Honourable Court to interpose in the affair : 

And if it may be thought fit put a Sanction upon the 
proceedings of s'' Proprietee anrl their Committe respecting 
s*^ Lot of Land or give some further Conformation of the 
Towns Title to the same and give orders to M''^ Doratte 
Cutter administratix of the late Cap* Cutter to desist from 
takeing any more timber off s'^ Lot. 

In so Dewing you will much oblige your most obed* and 

very Humble Petitioners 

Nich* Loring 

S Agent 
for the 
Town 
North Yarmoth Feb' 9'" 1748 

Deposition. Feb. 27, 174-7. 

Barnabas Seabury of Lawfull age testitieth and said That 
when the Committy Appointed by the Great and General 
Court for the Resetlement of the Township of North Yar- 
mouth came to North Yarmouth in order to Draw the Lots 
in the Hundred and Twenty acre Division in s'^ ToAvnship 
this Deponent was then present with s^ Committy when s'* 
Lots were Drawn for. And then the s'^ Committy appointed 
or Desired Cp*^ Stephen Larrabe Mr Fi'ances Wyman and this 
Deponent with M"" Edward King the Surveyor to pitch or 
make Choice of one Lot in the Division for the ^Ministeral 
Lot which was then Done and Lot No'' Sixteen was the Lot 
as agreed on for s'^ Ministeral Lot and for that Reason was 



448 DOCUMENTAHY HISTORY 

Excluded from being Drawn for with the other Lots and this 
Deponent also saith That He well Remembers that the Lot 
which fell to M' Ammi Ruhamah Cutter ui the Right of the 
Minister as being the first Setled Minister in s*^ Town was in 
partnership with the Heirs of William Scales Dec*^ and 
Samuel Baker and This Deponant further saith That he has 
No Remembrance of any other one lot in said Division that 
was allowed for these Rites but that which Cutter Scales & 
Baker Drew and further Saith not. 

Barnabas Seabury 
North Yarmouth Febuary the 27. 1747 
York ss North Yaraiouth Febuary the 29 1747 
Barnabas Seabury appearing Made oath to the truth of the 
within Declaration by him subscribed before me 

Samuel Seabury J Peace 



The followmg is the Petitions or Requests of a Numbrer of 
the Inhabitants of the Town of Wells Liveing between Ken- 
nebunk and Mousom Rivers put in to Sundary warnt for 
town Meetings and what was Voted there upon at the several 
Meetings for the town of Wells 

Warrant March 1743/4 
and to consider what to alow the Inhabitants of Kenebunk 
out of the Ministeral and School Rates the year past and also 
to Do what shall be thought proper and Convenant towards 
seeting them of as a parrish 

Voted thirty Pounds old tener be alowed to the Inhabitants 
of Kenebunk toward Defraying the Charge of their Minister 
and School the year past March 1743/4 

Warrant March 1744/5 
And also to Consider what to alow Kenebunk People toward 
their having the Gosple Preched among them the winter past 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 449 

Voted twenty Pounds old tener toward Defraying the 
Charge of Preaching among them the winter past March 
1744/5 

Warrant March 1745/6 
And also by a petition of teen or more of the Inhabitants of 
Kenebunk and Mousom their Petition is to see what the 
town will give them toward their winter Preaching among 
them or sect them of as a Parrish by them selves. 



Warant Novem'" 1746 
Whereas teen of the freeholders Living between Kenebunk 
River and Mousom River have applyed to us the Subscribers 
to Call a town Meeting to see if the Town will allow them 
and the other Inhabitants Liveing betwen s*^ Rivers aney 
thing to help them Toward the Suport of the Gosple amongst 
them the last winter 2'y to pass a Vote if the Town think 
proper to set them of_to Joyn with part of Arundel as a 
Parrish in order to Settle the Gosple amongst them thay 
Liveing at a grate Distance from the Publick Worship 
3'y the Parrish to begin at the Mouth of Mousom River and 
so to Run back on a North West Line to the head of the 
Town 

Voted that twenty Pounds old tener be allowed to the 
Inhabitants Liveing betwen Kenebunk and Mousom Rivers 
toward the Defraying the Charge of Preaching among them 
the winter season Novem 1746. 



Warrant March 1746/7 
And also to Consider what to alow the Inhabitants Liveing 
betwen the Rivers of Mousom and Kenebunk toward their 
Charge of Supporting the Gosple among them the winter 

29 



450 DOOTTMKNTARY HISTORY 

season agreable to a petition of teen of the freeholders of the 
Town of Wells Liveing betwen s'' Rivers 

Voted that Thirty Pounds old tener be alowed to the 
Inhabitants of Kenebunk toward the Defraying of the Charge 
of Preaching among them the winter season March 1746/7 

Warrant March 1747/8 
8'y To Do what may be thought proper in answer to a Peti- 
tion of a Number of the Inhabitants Liveing betwen Mousom 
and Kenebunk Rivers I'y to See what the Tov/n will alow 
them toward the Support of the Gosple among them the 
winter past 2^^ to see whether thay will give them aney 
thing toward Building a Meeting House and If not whether 
thay will Grant them Liberty to build one among them selves 
3'y to see whether the Town will sect them of In order for 
the Settlement of the Gosple amongst them. 

Voted that fifty Pounds old tener be alowed to tlie Inhab- 
itants of Kenebunk toward Defraying the Charge of Preach- 
ing among them the winter season March 1747/8 

Warrant March 1748/9 
5'y To see what the Town will Do in answer to a Petition of 
a Number of the Inhabitants Liveing in Wells Betwen Kene- 
bunk River and Mousom River 

l^y to see what the town will alow them towards the Support 
of the Gosple among them the last winter 2'^ to Se whether 
the town will sect them of according to their petition Dated 
Kenebunk in Wells feb^ 25*^ 1748/9 

Voted that Sixty Pounds old tener be alowd to the Inhab- 
itants of Kenebunk toward the Defraying the Charge of 
preaching among them the winter season. March 1748/9 

Taken out of Wells Town Book 

Examined g Nath' Wells Town Clerk 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 451 

Letter Sec'^y Willard to Stroud Esq. 

Boston March 15, 1748/9 
Sir 

A Discovery having been lately made of a Gang of Villains 
in the Colony of Connecticut who have made a great Quan- 
tity of Counterfeit Bills in Imitation of the Bills of Credit of 
this Province and the said Colony of Connecticut ; Many of 
which liave been uttered by some of the Accomplices in this 
Province ; And it being strongly suspected that some of the 
said Bills are carried into the Province of Main_ & particu- 
larlv to the Town of Scarboro to be put off among the Inhab- 
itants there ; I am directed by the Govern' & Council to 
inform you hereof & to signify their Pleasure that you forth- 
with use your utmost endeavours for finding out & appre- 
hending all Persons that may be concerned in making pass- 
ing or uttering the said Bills who may be in your County 
that so they may be proceeded against according to Law, as 
also to give the People warning lest they be cheated and 
imposed upon by the said Counterfeit Bills Which are in 
Imitation of the X3. & £1 Bills of Connecticut & 10/ of this 
Province all new Tenor; One of each I herewith inclose. 
And for the better discovering these Counterfeit Bills You 
may observe among other Distinctions from the true Bills, 
this remarkable one, The Printing on the Back is not by 
Types ( as in the true Bill ) but from a Plate which is easily 
perceived by the Smoothness on the Face as well as the Back 
of the Bill, it being otherwise on the true Bill. You must 
get all the Assistance you find necessary from other Justices 
in your neighbourhood in this Affair 

I am Sir Your most humble Servant 

J Willard 
P. S. There is one Rob' Henry gone to Scarboro who it is 
said, shew'd some of these Counterfiet Bills, & is vehemently 
suspected, being Brother in Law to Briant who has confessed 



452 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



his being guilty ; & there is one Smith who is likewise sus- 
pected ; It is thought best you sh*^ examine them as soon as 
may be. 



The Estate of Mary Smith to the Town of Wells Dr 

for her Self & Children 

1732 To Keeping EHz* Smith 

bv Peter Rich .£13 10 7 



1733 
1734 



1735 



1736 

1736/7 
March 5, 1736/7 

1737/8 



1738 



1739 



1739/40 



Nov. 13 1741 
To Nov' 13 1742 



To Ditto for Eliz* 

To Peter Rich Towards Eliz* 

To Peter Rich 

To Peter Rich 

To Peter Rich for Eliz^ Smith 

To Peter Rich for Eliz^ Smith 

To Peter Rich for Eliz*^ Smith 

To Peter Rich for Eliz^ Smith 

To Sundries beding Clothing &c 15 

To George Jacobs for Margret 

Smith 
To Peter Rich for Eliz^ Smith 
To George Jacobs for Margret 

Sm_ 03 

To Zachariah Goodale for Mar- 
gret 12 
To Peter Rich for Ehz" Smith 27 

To beding for Eliz^ Smith 01 

To Peter Rich for EHz* Smith 22 
To M" Dalzell for Eliz^ Smith 01 
To Zachariah Goodale for Mar- 
gret 31 
To Sundries burying Eliz* Smith 04 
To M' Fran« Littlefield for Mar- 
gret 26 



13 09 





33 10 





02 18 


6 


00 19 


8 


28 10 





10 13 


7 


16 10 


8 


27 00 





15 10 


11 


12 00 





24 05 






12 



00 





15 





04 


6 


00 





00 





06 


8 


10 






00 



413 


06 01 




Cr 


21 


10 


24 





12 





5 





4 






OF THE STATE OF MAINE 453 

Dec' 16 1743 To M' Fra" Littlefield for Mar- 

gret 30 00 
To Joseph Sayer Esq' Clothing 

for Margret 05 00 

1746 To Moses Stevens for Margret 15 00 
1744/5 To Mrs Hannah Littlefield for 

Margret 35 00 



The Estate of Mary Smith by the Town of Wells 

1733 by a note of hand of Sam" Stewart 

1737 
o 1 ^Qo by Cheney Kimbal & others 

1739 by John Wheelwright Esq' 

1739/40 by a note of hand paid by Sam" Emery 

1742 by a note of hand paid by Sam" Emery 

'66 10 
Errors Excepted 

jp John Storer Town Treasurer 



Message. 

Gentlemen of the Council & House of Represent^'^* 

Duiing the Recess of the Court I received an Account of 
the Designs of the French to make Settlements in the coun- 
trey between Crown Point & our Western Frontiers ; Which 
I shall lay before you. If the French should be permitted to 
carry this Design into Execution, In all Probability it will 
prove of fatal Consequence to all the English Plantations in 
North America ; and therefore I have thought it proper to 
inform the Neighbouring Governors as far as Pensilvania of 
this Affair, That they may Consider what Measures may be 
taken by these Colonies for their Security against the 
Encroachments of so dangerous a Neighbour. I also thought 



454 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

it my Duty to give the earliest Intelligence to his Majestys 
Ministers of this Matter & have shewn them how much his 
Majestys Rights & Interests as well as the Safety of these 
Colonies will be affected if this Design should [ be carried 
out], That so 1 may be instructed how to act in such a Case. 

By my last Advices from Cpt Bradbury Commander of the 
Fort at S* Georges River that the Indians are still disposed 
to Peace, & are desirous that some of their Chiefs should 
treat with me here for that Purpose, and I shall therefore 
order Cp* Saunders who will sail from hence in a few days 
to bring some of them up hither at his Return. 

In both these important Affairs I shall be glad to have the 
advice of the two Houses as Occurrences may Require. 
Council Chamber Aprill 6*^ 1749 W Shirley 

In the House of Rep^*» April 7. 1749 

Read and Ordered that M' Speaker CoP Choate Col° Heath 
CoP Otis and CoP Miller with such as the Hon^^® Board shall 
Joyn be a Comm^^ to take His Excellencys above message 
under consideration, and report what they Judge proper for 
this Court to Act thereon. 

Sent up for concurrence T Hutchinson Spkr 

In Council April 7, 1749. Read & Concurd & Samuel 

Welles, Sam' Danforth, John Quincy & John Chandler Esq" 

are join'd in the Affair 

J Willard Secry 

Report accepted. 

In Council April 14. 1749 Read & Ordered that this 
Report be and hereby is accepted, And the Town of Berwick 
is divided into two distinct & seperate Precincts accordingly, 
to do duty & receive Privilege as other Precincts within this 
Province do, or by Law ought to enjoy. 

Sent down for Concurrence J Willard Secry 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 455 

In the House of Rep^«« April 18. 1749 

Head and Concur'd T. Hutchinson Spkr 

Consented to, W Shirley 



Petition of inhabitants of Welh ^ Arundel. 

To His Excellency William Shirley Esq"" Cap* Gener^ and 

Govern"" in chief in and over His Majesty's Province of 

the Massachusetts Bay The Hon^^® his Majesty's Council 

& The Hon^^* House of Representatives in Gener^ Court 

Assemb<^ April 5"^ 1749 ~ 

The Inhabitants of that part of the Town of Wells which 

Live at the place called Kennebunk consisting of about Thirty 

Families and those of the Town of Arrundel who Live upon 

the West side of Goff's Brook or Middle River so called in 

Arrundell next Wells consisting of about Twenty Families ~ 

Most Humbly Shew 

That from their first settlement of those places they have 
Laboured under the Greatest Difficulties in attending the 
Publick Worship of God in the Stated places of the said 
Towns in respect to the great Distance they severally Live 
from the same viz* those of Arrundell Four and Six Miles 
And those of Wells some Eight or Nine Miles and the nearest 
Six Miles and the Difficulty also of Wading Two Rivers 
Mousam & the Little River which if the Tide be up must 
Travel round Thirteen Miles by reason of which their chil- 
dren especially those in their Youth have not the Advantage 
of that Teaching & Instruction of Gods Word Preach*^ which 
is so necessary to their well being And their Wives m great 
measure viz* most of the Year depriv'd also of that Enestim- 
able Priviledge — For the redress of which they have Erected 
a Meeting House by a Liberal Contribution among them- 



456 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

selves and in the same manner Supported Preaching &c in 
the Winter Seasons for this six Years last past — Notwith- 
standing which they pay their Proportionable part of the 
Taxes to the several Ministers of the said Towns which now 
in their Infant Setlement much discourages Oppresses & 
Burthens them & which if they were relieved of and set off 
as a Distinct Parish they Humbly conceive and hope by the 
Blessing of God on their Endeavours to be Able comfortable 
And constantly to Support a Minister among them selves — 
Wherefore Your Petitioners Most Humbly pray This Hon^^® 
Court's Compassion And consideration of the Premisses and 
of their Wisdom and known Paternal Affection & Care Grant 
and Order them a Distinct Parish by these Meets and Bounds 
viz* the Western Bounds to begin at the Mouth of Mousam 
River by the Sea and to run up North West to the Extent of 
the Bounds of Wells Township And the Eastermost Bounds 
to begin at the Mouth of Kennebunk River which is the 
Bounds between the Two Townships & so to run up by the 
8*^ River till it comes opposite to the Mouth of Goffs Brook 
or Middle River so called in Arrundell aforesaid where it 
empts it self into the Kennebunk River and to run from the 
Mouth of the s*^ Brook or river into the said Town of Arrun- 
dell as the said Brook or River runs or by such other Meets 
and Bounds as this Hon^^^ Court in their Wisdom shall think 
fit 

And Your Petitioners as in duty bound shall ever pray 
Phillip Dorrel Stephen Webber John Webber 

Jacob Curtis Jonathan Webber John Mitchell 

Joshua Walker John Webber Jur Rich*^ Boothby 

his his 

John Sinkler John /\ Burkes Jaems M Waakefeld 

his mark mark 

Banjman S Goodon John Wakfield Juny John Wakfeld 

mark bis 

Jhm^® hil Richard thoson lacebod 3 Cussens 

his mark 

Charls X wchit Thomas Cusens Nathaniel Kimball 

mark 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 467 

John X Pilasen Joseph Cussens Richard Khnball 

Jonathan Thomson Jeridiah Wakfield Jesse Town 
Joseph Credifor Thomas Tonne Samuel Shackley 

Benj* Downing Ichabod J Cosens Juner John Gillpatrick 

mark 

John Durrele Joseph Town James Gillpatrick 

Benj* Durrill Benj* Coussens John Gillpatrick juner 

his 

Benjamin Lord Mathew V Lesuse Thomas Kimball 

mark 

Robert Patten John Maddock James Ross 

James Burnham Joseph Wormwood John Culland 

bis 

John Merrill Stephen Larabe Nathaniel < Wakfield 

mark 

Samuel Littlefeild 
Gilbert Wakfild 

The Subscribers in the two right Hand Columns belong to 
the Town of Wells the other to Arrundell 

In the House of Rep^«« April 15. 1749 Read and Ordered 
that the Pet" serve the Towns of Wells and Arundell wdth 
copys of this Pet" that they shew cause if any they have on 
the first fryday of the next May Session why the Prayer 
thereof should not be granted. 

Sent up for concurrence T Hutchinson Spkr 

In Council, April 15. 1749 ; Read & Concur'd 

J Willard Secry 

In Council June 3. 1749 

Read again with the answers of the Towns of Wells & 
Arundel ; And the Matter being fully considered 

Ordered that the Petition be dismiss'd 

Sent down for Concurrence J Willard Secry 

In the House of Rep^«« June 9. 1749 

Read and Concur'd Joseph D wight Spkr 

Consented to W Shirley 



458 DOCtJIVrENTARY HISTORY 

" Answer of the two Houses to his Ex^y'^ Message of the 6^''- 
Inst. April 19, 1749. " 

May it please Your Excellency. 

The two Houses have carefully considered your Message of 
the 6'^ Ins^ & observe with great satisfaction, your Care of 
his Majestys Interest & subjects in North America and fully 
concur with your Excellency in your apprehensions from the 
french encroachments at Crown point, we think it a very 
wise & Just step, that the Neighbouring Governm'* have 
been inform'd of this Couion danger ; and we very much 
rejoyce that your Excellency has apprized his Majestys Min- 
isters of this french Management and are hitirely of your 
Excellency's opmion, that his Majestys subjects & Interest 
m North America are greatly indangered by this insolent 
intrusion, And we beg leave to move to your Excellency, to 
represent to his Majesty how absolutely necessary it is that 
some strong fortress should be Erected and Maintained by 
his Majesty, as near as may be to Crown point fort, as well 
to prevent the farther incroachment of the french in time of 
peace and to cover any settlements which may be made here- 
after on the lands in those parts belonging to the Crown as 
to Curb & check the french if there should happen to be a 
war, and his Majestys subjects have the greatest reason to be 
concerned at their danger here westward, because of our 
exposed state to the Eastward upon giving up Cape Breton 
to the french, It is notorious, that the whole Province of 
Nova Scotia are in the french Interest, except a Small num- 
ber in the Garrison of Amiapolis, we cannot therefore but 
apprehend that his Majesty's subjects & Interest, that way, 
will be in the utmost Danger of being lost & destroyed, if 
some strong fort or place of security & defence be not also 
built at Chebucto, or some where near Louisburgh, And y* the 
Prov. of N. Scotia be sufficiently fortified & peopled with good 
Protest* subjects to Curb our Enemys on that side encourage 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 469 

& animate those who adhere heartily to his Majesty's Interest, 
& intimidate our false & most dangerous friends. 

The Two Houses have also considered the application of 
the Eastern Indians for peace, and We are glad, the treaty is 
propos'd to be at Boston. We apprehend it not for the 
Hon' of the Province that the treaty sh'^ be at the Eastward 
& when it has been so we have always been Expos'd to much 
expense by it, However as it is probable, the Indians will 
scarcely be arriv'd here, before the Session of the Great & 
General Court in May next, we apprehend it unnecessary for 
the two houses to be more particular at this time. 

In Council April 18; Read & Ordered that this Report' be 
accepted as an answer to his Excellencys Message of the 
sixth Instant, & that Sir William Pepperil with such as shall 
be joined by the Hon^^* House of Represent''*'* be a Committee 
to wait on his Excellency with a fair draught thereof. Sent 
down for Concurrence. J. Willard Secry 

In the House of Rep*^«« April 18, 1749. 

Read and Concur'd and Col° Richards and CoP Miller 
are Joined m the Affair. T Hutchinson 



Petition of inhabitants of Merriconeag and Islands adjacent in 
North Yarmouth. 

To His Excellency William Shirley Esq' Governour 

of the Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New 

England. 

To the Honourable His Majesties Council, And The 

Honourable House of Representatives, in General Court 

assembled. 

We the Subscribers inhabitants of the neck of Land 
Called Merriconeag and the Islands adjacent lying in the 
Township of North Yarmouth, Being sensible that we are 



460 DOCUMENT AEY HISTORY 

required by the Laws of God and this Province to attend on 
the Pubhck Worship of God on the Lords Day and Enjoy 
the Priviledges of the Gospell : Not being able with any 
Convenience to give our attendance at the stated Place of 
Worship in the Town of North Yarmouth or in any neigh- 
bouring Town by reason of our great distance from them 
both by Land and Water, the most of us living more than 
ten Miles from any stated place of Worship And on this 
account We are Deprived in a great measure of Enjoying the 
Priviledges of the Gospel; and being Desirous to Support 
the Gospell among our selves at a place where we have 
unanimously tho't it proper to attend it, and not being able 
to Effect this of our selves : We have petition'd to the town 
of North Yarmouth to Vote us to be a Distinct and seperate 
Precinct, with all that tract of Land called Merriconeag 
Neck and the Islands adjacent lying within two Miles West- 
ward of the afores** neck and all the Islands and Main land 
lying Eastward of the s** neck in the Township of North 
Yarmouth afores*^ The Prayer of the petition was granted 
at the annual Town meeting. The Coppy of the vote will 
be laid before the Honourable Court : and still not enjoying 
the Priviledges of a Distinct Precinct. 

We Humbly request of your Excellency and the Hon"' 
Court to invest us with all the Powers and Priviledges of a 
distinct and seperate precinct in concurrance with the vote 
of the Town of North Yarmouth af ores^ . 

Gentlemen 

We the subscribers belonging to merriconeag & y® Islands 
adjacent by reason of the inhabitants of a tract of land Called 
the Gore lying between the Towns of North Yarmouth and 
Brunswick being a part of Merriconeag Neck afores** and part 
of an Island on the Easterly side of the s^ Neck called great 
Chebeschodegan being able to attend the publick Worship at 
Merriconeag with much more Convenience than where there 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 461 

is any stated place of Worship and we standing in more need 
of their help than any Town or Precinct adjoining, do further 
Humbly request of your Excellency and the Honourable 
Court to grant them to be adjoined to us and in a Precinct 
with us, with all that Tract of Land called the Gore Between 
the Towns of North Yarmouth and Brunswick afores** The 
inhabitants of the s** Gore joining with us in our request. 

Gentlemen // 

Your granting the above Petitions we shall esteem a most 
tender regard for our spiritual good and shall always sub- 
scribe our selves your Humble and most obedient servants. 
Merriconeag May 3^*^ 1749 

John Stover James Alexander Wait Webber 

Timothy Baily Abiah Cobb Elisha Allen 

William tarr William Alexander nathal Bams 

Robarts Wats John Mathews Patrick Phelan 

Joshua Cromwell William Weeks Caleb Curtis 

Richard Hays Edward Cunningham William Magrat 
William Black Thomas Heagarty William Black Junior 
Benjimen Webber Joanthen Webb Beniaman barns 

Seth Toothaker Sam" Winchell Alexander Willson 

John Phelan James Doyle 

In all 29 



Gov^ Shirley to 3Iarqui8 la Galissoniere 

Boston May 9. 1749. 
Sir, 

Two days ago I received from M* Mascarene a Copy of 

your Letter to him, dated at Quebec 15*^ January, wherein 

( among other Demands ) you call upon him to acquaint you 

whether he intends to comprehend the Abenaqui Indians in 

the Peace, without requiring any kind of Submission from 



462 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

e'm, and desire that in such case he would engage me to let 
e'm resettle in their Village, and their Missionaries remain 
there with e'm unmolested, as they did before the War; 
observing to him that those Indians enter'd into the War, 
only as your Allies and therefore, when the War was finished 
with you, it ought to be so with regard to them ; and You 
Proceed to say, Sir, that if they thought otherwise in New 
England, You shall be Obliged to Assist those Indians, 
intimating that it is of importance to the safety, and Tran- 
quillity of the Frontiers of the Massachusetts Bay, that you 
should have a speedy and Positive Answer, and that you 
shall not be surpriz'd, if the Indians should proceed to Acts 
of Violence 

To this, Sir, which is the fourth Demand in your letter, 
M'' Mascarene having referr'd you to me upon it, I shall com- 
ply with your request in giving as speedy and Positive an 
Answer, as may be. 

The Village of the Abenaqui Indians by which I at 
present understand only those, who are seated on S* John 
River has been ever deem'd by the English to be situated 
within the heart of Nova Scotia, and consequently that Tribe 
of Indians, together ^\'ith the French Inhabitants upon the 
same River to be Resident within his Majesty's Territories ; 
and accordingly, Sir, the latter have acknowledged them- 
selves, ever since the Treaty of Utrecht, to be Subjects of the 
Crown of Great Britain, by taking the Oaths of Fidelity and 
Allegiance to it ; and have had the protection of his Majesty's 
Government in common with his other Subjects in that 
Province. This being the case; these Indians, when the 
advice of a Rupture between his Majesty, and the King your 
Master was hourly expected, under the pretext of sending a 
Deputation to M"^ Mascarene to desire that they might 
remam in Peace & Amity with the English, notwithstanding 
War should happen between the two Crowns, gain'd Admis- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 463 

sion into Annapolis Royal for some of their Tribe, who were 
in reality ( as it afterward prov'd ) spies ; and having obtain'd 
M'' Masoarene's Agreement to what they pretended to pro- 
pose in behalf of their Tribe, and being honourably treated 
and dismiss'd by him, retnrn'd in three Weeks after, among 
others of their Tribe with their Missonary DeLoutre at their 
head, Surpriz'd and killed as many of the English at 
Annapolis Royal, as they caught without the fort, destroyed 
their cattle, burn'd their houses, and continued their Acts of 
Hostility against the Garrison 'till the arrival of two of the 
four first Companies, I sent from New England, for the 
Reinforcement of it ; such was the entrance of these Indians, 
Sir, into the War with us, and their Alliance with you. 

For this Perfidious behaviour I caused War to be Declared 
in his Majesty's name against these Indians at Boston in 
November 1744, and, so far as it depends on me, they shall 
not be admitted. Sir, to Terms of Peace till they have made 
a proper Submission [ To His Majesty's Government ] for their 
Treachery ; unless they should be already comprehended in the 
Definitive Treaty of Peace and Friendship, lately concluded at 
Aix la Chapelle, which I shall on my part strictly observe on 
every Point. 

As to what you have thought fit. Sir, to declare in Your 
letter concerning your intentions to support the Indians in 
Acts of Hostility against us, unless we give e'm Peace upon 
the Terms there prescribed by you, and the Danger, the 
Frontiers of the Massachusetts bay in particular may be in ; 
unless you have a speedy and positive answer upon this 
head ; What I have to say in Answer is, that I shall be sorry 
for a new Rupture between us, and am very desirous to have 
perfect tranquillity restored to the province under my Gov- 
ernment ; but if the latter is not to be the case, and you 
think fit to make yourself a party in an Indian War against 
us ; I doubt not, but his Majestys Subjects upon this con- 



464 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

tinent will be able to make just Reprizals upon Canada, when 
it shall be his majesty's Pleasure to have e'm do it. 

I can't avoid now, Sir, expressing great Surprize at the 
other parts of your letter, whereby you take upon you to call 
M*' Mascarene to account for expelling the Missionary from 
Minas, for being guilty of such treasonable Practices within 
his Majesty's Government, as merited a much severer punish- 
ment, than that of Expulsion from the Province. 

The Right you claim, Sir, of sending missionaries from 
France to reside among his majesty's Subjects of Nova Scotia 
as their Priests, and, in consequence of that, Your forbidding 
his majesty's Governour to make any Alteration in the State 
of Religion and its Ministers there is still more extraordin- 
ary ; and I must not omit on this Occasion to remark to you, 
that I think the letter, which the Bishop of Quebec lately 
wrote to M'' Mascarene concerning his intended Visitation of 
his majestys Subjects in that Government, in such Terms, as 
shew'd, he looks upon e'm as part of his cure of Souls, and 
within his Jurisdiction, was likewise an extraordinary Attempt 
and can't be Admitted. Your interfering. Sir, in his maj- 
esty's punishment of his Subjects in Nova Scotia inflicted 
for Rebellious and Treasonable Practices against his crown, 
and he requiring others of them to Renew their Oaths of 
Fidelity ; and, in one word, your treating the Subjects of the 
crown of Great Britain in that Province, as if you look'd 
upon e'm as Subjects of his most Christian Majesty, and being 
imder his Allegiance, is, if Possible, still more surprizing; 
and as these Attempts are manifest Invasions of the 
undoubted Right, which every Prince has over his Subjects : 
I can't but look upon e'm as Insults upon his majesty's Gov- 
ernment, which require no further Answer. 

After these Attempts, Sir, upon his Majesty's Right of 
Government over his Subjects in Nova Scotia, I am less 
surprized at Your Encroachments upon the limits of his 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 465 

Province, which you are pleas'd to call in your letter 
Dependencies of the Government of Canada. 

As to your Demand for the release of the two Indians 
carry'd off by Cap* Gorham, I can't allow, Sir, that you have 
a right to interpose in that Affair; and M' Gorham has 
satisfy'd me that he committed no breach of Publick faith in 
doing it. 

I can't conclude without making use of this opportunity to 
acquaint you, Sir, that we look upon Fort S* Frederic at 
Crown Point as an Encroachment upon his majestys Terri- 
tories ; and in case you proceed to settle the Country round 
it, shall Esteem those settlements so too, unless that Tract 
has been ceded to you by the late Definitive Treaty at Aix 
la Chappelle. 

I am sorry. Sir, that the first fruits of y* Peace on Your 
part have so unpromising an Aspect ; and beg you will be 
perswaded that nothing shall be wanting in me to preserve 
that right understanding, which subsisted between us during 
the War, having the honour to be with the most perfect 
regard, Sir, Your most humble, and most Obedient Servant 

W. Shirlev 



Petition of the Selectmen of Falmouth^ 1749. 

Province of the Massechusets Bay 

To his Excelency William Shirly Esq' Commander in 
Chief of his Majestyes Province of the Massachusetts Bay, 
The Honorable his Majestyes Councel, and the Honorable 
House of Representetives In General Court Assembled May, 
1749 

The Petition of the Subscribers Selectmen of The town of 
Falmouth Humbly Sheweth, That In or about the year 1734 
By the Interest of Thomas Westbrok Esq"" late of Falmouth 

30 



466 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Decs^ there was a bridge Erected over fore River In said 
Town In length 640 feet with a Casway at Each End of said 
bridge, In length 70 feet, on or about y® year 1788 by the 
force of The tide and Ice a great part of s^ Bridge was 
Broaken up, the Repairs of Which amounted to upwards of 
300 Pounds old Tener, and In the Several Years Since the 
Repairs have amounted to Upward of 2000 Pounds old Tener. 
Said Town have made application to the Court of General 
Session of the Peace for the County of York for their assist- 
ance, In the Repairs and maintainace of s*^ Bridge, But have 
had no Relief; other Charges of s^ Town Beaing at least 
Equal In Proportion to any other Town In the government 
their being a great Number of large Expensive Bridges in s*^ 
town Exclusive of s^^ Bridg : Said Bridge being Equal to If 
not the most Expencive Bridge In the Government, tlie 
Inhabitants of s** Town are Not abel any longer to bare up 
under said Burthen, therefore Your Petitioners Humbly Pray 
your Excelency and Honours, to take the Same Into your 
Wise Consideration, and order the County of York to Repair 
and Maintain the Same or order a vote on s'^ Bridge, or 
otherwise Relieve your Petioners as you In your wisdom 
Shall see meet. 

And your Petitioners as In duty^Shall Ever Pray 
Falmouth June y^ 14 1749 Ezekiel Gushing ~] 

John Snow I Select 

I 
Joseph Tompson ^ ™^^ 

William Cotton i ^^^ 

Christo Strout J Falmouth 

In the House of Representatives Aug* 14*'' 1749 read and 
Ordered that the Clerk of the Court of Sessions for the 
County of York be served with a Copy of this Pett" that he 
may Notife the Justices of s*^ County at least fourteen Days 
before the Court of Sessions meet, that they shew Cause if 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 467 

any they have on the 2** Wensday of the next sitting of this 
Court why the Prayer thereof should not be granted 

Sent up for Concurrence J Dwight Sp'''' 

In Council: Aug. 15. 1749 Read & Concurred 

J Willard Secry 
In Council Dec' 13 1749 Read again with the Answer of 
the Court of General Sessions of the Peace for the County of 
York, and the Matter being fully considered Ordered that 
this Petition be dismiss'd 

Sent down for Concurrence Sam^ Holbrook Dep Secry 
In the House of Rep^'^* Dec' 29, 1749 Read and Noncon- 
cur'd and Ordered that Col° Otis CoP Heath and M' Hubbard 
with such as the Hon^'® Board shall appoint be a Committee 
to Consider this Pet'' and Answer, Hear the Parties, and 
report what they Judge proper for this Court to do thereon 

Sent up for concurrence J Dwight Sp^' 

In Council Dec' 29 1749 Read and Concurr'd and Joseph 
Wilder and Samuel Watts Esq"^^ are join'd in the affair 

J Willard Secry 

At a Town Meeting Held at y® Town house in Falm*'' 
May y« 22*^ 1749 

M' James Gooding Chosen Moderator for s*^ Meeting 
Voted the Select men of The Town of Falmo'^ for y* time 
Being Prefer a Petition to y^ Great & General Court to Take 
into there wise Consideration the Extreordenary Charge s** 
Town is Anuely in Maintaining the Great Bridge over the 
fore river & order a toll on s*^ Bridge or order the County of 
York to support & Maintain y* s^ Bridge or some other way 
Ease s*^ Town of the Extreordenary Expence of said Bridge 
as Thay in there Wisdom Think Fit — 

Recorded g Moses Pearson To Cler 

A True Coppy from y^ second Book of y^ Records for Fal- 
mouth page 248 

attest Moses Pearson town Clerk 



468 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Kenebunk in Wells May 24. 1749 
Acco*of our Charge for Preaching in the year 1743 £89 18 2 

Ditto in the year 1744 128 

Ditto in the year 1745 166 1 4 

Ditto in the year 1746 132 

Ditto in the year 1747 207 12 6 

Ditto in the ye ar 1748 275 

old Tenou^^ £998 12 



Rec'' g a Vote of the Town of Wells 

in the year 1743 £15 

Ditto in the year 1744 20 

Ditto in the year 1745 20 

Ditto in the year 1746 30 

Ditto in the year 1747 50 

Ditto in the year 1748 60 



old Tenour £195 



Answer of the Inhabitants of the Town of Arundel to the Peti- 
tion of Inhabitants of Wells and Arundel. 

To his Excellency William Shirley Esq'' Captain General 
and Govemour in chief in and over his Majestys Prov- 
ince of the Massachusetts Bay The Hon''^* the Council 
and Hon^^^ House of Representatives of the said Prov- 
ince in General Court Assembled at Boston May 31, 
1749 — 
The Answer of the Inhabitants of the Town of Arundell 
to the petition of about Thirty Familys belonging to the 
Eastern part of Wells and about twenty familys of Arundel 
in the County of York — 
Most humbly Shew 

That as to the Difficultys mentioned by the said Twenty 
Familys in Attending the Publick Worship at the Meeting 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 469 

house in said Town, they are not greater nor so great by far 
as people Generally undergo in other Country Towns in this 
Province and tho the aforesaid Familys in the Eastern part 
of Wells in order to be set off plead their distance and the 
Difficultys of Wading two Rivers to get to their Meeting 
house our Familys have no such difficultys no River between 
them and the Meeting house erected in Arundel, nor are they 
at a greater distance from it than many other Familys in said 
Town, they being one with another about four Miles or a 
little more from the Meeting house as Your Respond** find 
by Measuring with a Good and LawfuU Chain, while people 
in other Towns go much further as in York Wells Biddeford 
and every Town in the County of York that your Respond*' 
know of So that they have not as your Respond*' humbly 
Conceive any Reason to be Dismiss'd on Account of their 
Distance or Difficultys they having no River to Wade but a 
good fair and Open Road no ways Incumbred Neither with 
Gates nor barrs Moreover as the said Town of Arundell is 
but very Small as to their Inhabitants and of but Slender 
Abilitys as by the valuation Given to this Great and Hon^^® 
Court will fully Appear, instead of parting with the said 
Twenty Familys which would Reduce the Old Parish to but 
forty Familys and among them many in very poor and low 
Circumstances Scare able Comfortably to Support themselves 
much less to bear any considerable part in the necessary 
Charges of a Parish Your Respond*' apprehend they need 
Rather to have the said Thirty familys annexed to them than 
twenty familys taken of to make a Parish for them Further- 
more your Respond*' beg leave to Inform your Excellency 
and Honours that the Parish hne petitioned for if Granted 
will take off full half the Township of Arundell and almost 
all their Tillage lands and Includes Several Familys which 
th6 one or more of them are at the very greatest distance 
from Meetmg are Utterly Averse to the Intended parish; 



470 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

nor do they desire a Parish because of their distance which 
is all the plea mentioned by the pet" they as well as the 
Town Consenting to and approving of the place Stated Among 
us for the Publick Worship of God nor do they in their peti- 
tion intimate the least desires of moving the Meeting house 
the better to Accomodate them - 

And as the Setting up a Parish by taking off a full third 
part of the Familys of said Town would almost Ruin and 
Destroy it which as it now is, is one of the poorest & Smallest 
of any in the Province of its Age, and would Render them 
incapable to Undergo the Support of the Ministry and other 
necessary Parish Charges which they Engaged in, ever 
Expecting and Depending on the help and Assistance of the 
said Twenty Familys which have always had their voice with 
them in all Expensive Obligations laid upon the Parish And 
as the taking Twenty familj^s from them to set up a new 
Parish and thereby Ruin the Old is what has never yet been 
done by this Great and General Court Your Respondents 
therefore take Encouragement to aske your further Care of 
them in this time of Diificulty wherein many are Declaring 
the Methods they will have Recourse to, to ease themselves 
from any further Charge to the Ministry in Case the said 
Familys are set off and as your Respondents have no Depend- 
ance on a sufficient Number to Abide with them therein as 
there will be but a few familys left and that on a Cape of 
Rocky broken land but a Small Gore for a Parish in form of 
a Wedge extending but about thi'ee miles back from the Sea 
and affords scarce any Arable lands in it And the Minister 
that came to them in Comfortable Circumstances and hath a 
large family would be Constrained to leave them or suffer 
Greatly, The Taxes of Several among the Inhabitants being 
now almost as much as their places would Rent for And as 
the taking away a third part of their familys and by far the 
better half of the Lands and almost all their Saw Mills to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 471 

make a Parish for the petitioners would be the utter destruc- 
tion of those that dwell bj the Sea — 

Your Respondents Therefore most humbly pray Your 
Excellency and Honours to take these their Distressed Cir- 
cumstances into Consideration and be pleased in your Great 
Wisdom and Justice to Continue the said Twenty familys 
with them and Dismiss their petition as Groundless — 

And as in Duty bound Your Respond'* will ever pray &c 
Jonathan Stone, Agent for Arundel. 



Ansiver of the Inhabitants of Wells to the Petition of hiliali- 
itants of WelU ^ Arundel. 

To His Excellency William Shirley Esq'' Captain General 
and Governor in chief m and over the Province of the 
Massachusetts Bay in New England And To the Hon'^^^ 
his Majestys Council and House of Representatives of 
the said Province m General Court assembled at Boston 
May 31«' 1749 — 
We the Inhabitants of the Town of Wells being notified 
by thirty of Our families in the Eastern part of said Town 
laying on Kenebunk River to appear before this Hon"^® Court 
and give in our reasons why the Prayer of their Petition to 
be Sett off a distinct Parish should not be granted, by our 
Agent Cap* Samuel Wheelwright, fully Impowered to appear 
for us, beg leave to Answer as follows Viz* — That by rea- 
son of some difficulties the pef* Labour Under because of the 
distance of way and also the Wading of two Rivers in Order 
to attend the publick worship of God, the respondents have 
at the pet" request in the Annual March Meetings yearly 
Considered the Case of said thirty families - and as the 
respond** do not Stand in real need of the pet"^* help and 
assistance to Support the Ministry with us have always 



472 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

approved of advised and allowed the pet" preaching every 
year during the Winter Season and Money to defray the 
Expence thereof till the days lengthen — 

That the pet" having a very good road to the Meeting 
house can well enough the other part of the year attend with 
the respond*^ at their Meeting house, and as to the Rivers 
which the pet" represent as if they all in general were obliged 
to wade the respond*^^ answer that but 5 families only are put 
to any dificulty thereby, and that but only every other Sab- 
bath by reason the Tide Suits every other Lord's day to ride 
through them & the road is then pleasant & good being on 
plain beaches along by the Sea, and when the Tide is in, by 
crossing Kennebunk ferry where there is a good boat kept, 
they may Easily get to Arrundel Meeting House which is not 
at a greater distance from them than people usually go in 
Country Towns it being much nearer than it is to the Meet- 
ing house in Wells but about four or five miles ; Notwith- 
standing all which the Respond'^ are ready as Soon as we 
think we are a People able and Sufficient of themselves to 
Support the Ministry among them, without perswading and 
drawing off, the twenty families of Arrundell, that they have 
got in with them to be Sett off, w<=^ as the respond** are well 
acquainted with the Low Circumstances and State of that 
Small Township we apprehend cannot be parted with by said 
Arrundel, without merely disabling them to Support the 
Ministry of the Gospel in the Old Town there — 

That your Respond** humbly Conceive the Welfare of the 
Towns of this Province depends on the Care and Wisdom of 
this Hon*'^® Court, which never yet as we know off destroyed 
an Old Parish to Sett up a New one, nor gratifyd the request 
of a Party when it aknd to ruin the whole, and your Respond** 
therefore doubt not your Excellency and honours will reject 
the Petition and Continue the petitioners with us till they 
are able to go off, of themselves, without tearing off the bet- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 473 

ter half of the Lands and Valuable Interests of s*^ Arrundell, 
And the respond** shall Continue to assist said familes ( the 
petitioners ) with Winter preaching, We being well assured 
by Valuation of the pet" Estates, that they are not able at 
present to Encounter with the Expence of Settling the Min- 
istry among themselves, and are Sorry we have Occasion to 
remark to this Hon''^' Court, the reflection Cast on the Town 
of Wells, when the pef^* by their petition would represent to 
y"^ Ex*^y and honors, that they have all along paid their respect- 
ive Quotas to Our Rev'' Pastor of Wells, which is entirely 
wrong, as appears by the yearly allowance granted them, an 
Authentick Copy whereof is herewith Exhibited And the 
Pet" as if fully Satisfied of their Insufficiency to go through 
what they are about, are Unreasonable in the Limits pre- 
scribed in the Petition on the respond** Side as well as on 
the side of Arrundell, they Petitioning for a North West 
Line from the Mouth of Mousam River - which Includes a 
Tract of Land, by Admeasurment ( Occasioned by means of 
their petition ) two miles taken from the respond** on the Sea 
board, and four miles up at the head in the Country, So that 
near a third part of the respond*" Lands and Interests, which 
the pet" dont own, We find not a tenth part off, but the 
Inhabitants of the Old Parish that are Owners of the Lands 
and Saws included in the bounds proposed, there being no 
less than ten Saws in Number, of which the Pet" altogether 
are not interested in more than One and without any right 
in the Grist Mill, w*'*' Mills pay great taxes, So that the pet" 
dependance in going to the Change of a Meeting House and 
other Accomodations for a Minister, Y"" Ex^^ and Hon" may 
plainly perceive is out of the Taxation of the respond*' 
Estates and not their own. One of said mills being better 
than all the mills in the Western part of the Town of Wells. 
So that in fact if the Petition be Granted, the respond*" will 
be Obliged to Support the Gospel Ministry in our Own and 
also in their Parish too, which the Respond*" look upon Such 



474 DOCUIMENTAEY HISTORY 

an hardship, as that your Exc^ & Hon" will not they trust 
Lay upon them. Upon the whole therefore as we think, th6 
the Pet"^ plead the Promoting Religion in their petition, It 
rather will Starve the Cause and hurt the Welfare of it both 
in Arrundell and among themselves, And as to the pet" alle- 
gation that they Supported the Ministry with themselves and 
without Us, it is wrong and false So We beg leave to Inform 
y' Ex<^y & Hon" that of the thirty six families of Wells which 
are put down, they have to Swell the Petition, we Conceive 
much Imposed on this Hon^^® Court as they have put down 
the Names of twelve Young persons in their petition w*^*' 
names in the Copy Served on the respond'* are Crossed that 
they may be known, who are all in a Single Capacity, have no 
families, the Chief of them if not all no manner of Estate, the 
bigger part we apprehend are under Age living w*** and under 
the Care and Comand of their fathers, and never may attain 
to be Masters of familys, or not disposed to Settle with them as 
well as the other, being notoriously wrong and false, and the 
Estates of Persons in Wells not among themselves, must sup- 
port two thirds of their Charges, Arrundell be ruined — 

The respond'* therefore humbly Pray their Petition may 
be dismissed, three men puting in then- three Sons yet under 
their Care, and other persons among them transient, that may 
go when they will, down as So many families, when if they 
would join the Town of Arrmidell, all would only add to 
them Sixty, but about twenty four more 

Wherefore the Respond'* leaving and Submitting the 
Premisses to your Excellency and Honours Judgment and 
Consideration doubt not, but under So many Wrong repre- 
sentations of the Petitioners you will see Cause to dismiss 
the Petition aforesaid as groundless — 

And y'' Respond'* ( as in duty bound ) Shall Ever pray &c 

Signed in behalf of the Town of Wells by 

Sam^ Wheelwright Agent 
June 1** 1749. — 



INDEX. 



Abbot, Aaron, opposed building 
meeting house, 241; signed 
petition of Berwick, 249; re- 
sided at Berwick, 428, 431, 440. 
Ebenezer, signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 249, 421; resided at Ber- 
wick, 431, 440. 
Elizabeth, widow, of Berwick, 

440. 
James, of Berwick, 440. 
Jonathan, opposed building a 

meeting house, 241. 
Joshua, of Berwick, 426, 431, 

440. 
Moses, of Berwick, 426, 427, 428, 

432. 
Moses, Jr., of Berwick, 429. 
Samuel, opposed building meet- 
inghouse, 241; signed petition 
of Berwick, 230, 421; resided 
in Berwick, 431, 441. 
Thomas, signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 421; resided in Berwick, 
427, 432. 
Thomas Jr., of Berwick, 431, 441. 
Walter, signed petitions of Ber- 
wick, 249, 421; resided in Ber- 
wick, 432, 441. 
William, of Berwick, 428. 
Abenaqul Indians, the, 461, 462. 
Acadia, 104 113, 315, 320, 322, 336, 
348, 349, 354, 361, 362, 363, 365, 
373, 376. 
Granery of, the, 374. 
Acadians, the, 320, 369; see also 

under French. 
Act for erecting a township in 

York County, 197. 
Adams, Jacob, entitled to land in 
Falmouth, 13. 
Kobert, of Londonderry, 24. 
Admiralty, Lords of, see Trade, 

Lord Commissioners of. 
Affidavits, of Alford, James, 105, 
106. 
Atkinson, Theodore, 97. 
Blower, Capt. John, 106, 107. 
Clark, William, 109. 
Coram, Thomas, 101. 



Affidavits, continued. 

Dunbar, Jeremiah, 128, 129. 
Erskine, Lieut. James, 108, 107. 
Penhallow, Samuel, 108. 
Wentworth, Benning, 97. 
Wentworth, Ebenezer, 110, 112. 
Wentworth, William, 110, 112. 
Agreement, between Henry Hope 

and John Perkins, 60. 
Aix-la-Chapelle, 463, 465. 
Albany, N. Y., 32, .329, .330, 331, 

334, 386, 390, 407. 
Alexander, James, signed petition 
of Merriconeag, 4dl. 
William, signed petition of Mer- 
riconeag, 445, 461. 
Alford, James, merchant, born in 
Boston, 105; never heard f)f 
French settlers on the Kenne- 
bec, 105; said that Sagadahoc 
yearly chose a councillor, 105; 
reported constant wars be- 
tween English and Indians, 
106; affidavit of, 105, 106, 107. 
Allen \ David, signed petition of 
Allin I St. Georges, 130. 

Ebenezer, entitled to land in Fal- 
mouth, 14. 
Elisha, signed petition of Merri- 
• coneag, 207, 289, 445, 461. 
Jeremiah, a grantee of New Mar- 

blehead, 141. 
Joseph, signed petition of 
Gloucester, 268; resided at 
Berwick, 427, 432. 
Robert, signed petition of Geor- 
gia, 130. 
Amascoggin ") 
Ammerscoggin I 
Ammiscogin Y Falls, 198, 228. 
Amoscoggin | 
Androscoggin J 
Indians, 143. 
River, 73, 173, 198, 228. 
Ammunition, needed by Col. Dun- 
bar, 11; at Richmond, 72; at 
Fort George, 73, 74; at Fort 
Mary, 80; at Saco Trading 
house, 81; at Fort Anne, 82; 
at Marblehead, 82; at Castle 
William, 83; at Charlestown, 



476 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Ammunition, continued. 

84, 85 ; needed at Isle of Shoals, 
142; the French furnish the 
Indians with. 151, 187; people 
should be well provided with, 
189, 190; at Falmouth, 190, 
191; needed at Sheepscot, 366; 
needed at Georgetown, 398. 

Amsterdam, 37. 

Anderson, Joseph, signed memo- 
rial for Small Point, 217. 

Andros, John, signed petition of 
Berwick, 421; resided at Ber- 
wick, 428. 
Joshua, resided at Berwick, 428, 
433. 

Androscoggin, see Amascoggin. 

Annapolis, N. S., 16, 30, 32, 39, 52, 
78, 106, 304, 313, 322, 339, 341, 
344, 346, 358, 363, 369, 374, 
375, 376, 382, 463. 
Basin. 333, 379. 

Garrison, 315, 317, 320, 321, 333, 
337, 338, 347, 356, 363, 364, 
371, 379, 381, 382, 387, 458, 
463. 

Anne, Queen, 103, 154 

Anson, Admiral, 381. 

Answer, Cutter, Dorothy, 399, 441. 
to Penobscot Indians, 151. 
to petition of Given, David, 277. 
to petition of Higginson, John, 

203. 
to Wells and Arundel, 468, 471. 

Antegoa\3^g_ 

Antigua J 

Anville, N. de la Rochefoucauld, 
Due d'. 363, 374, 378, 383. 

Appleton, Isaac, 266. 

Joseph, associated with John 
Leveret, 120; his rights trans- 
ferred, 120. 

Archbald, John, of Londonderry, 
20, 21. 

Arely, Antony, of Berwick, 432. 

Armenianism, 307. 

Armourer, at Falmouth, an, 138. 

Armstrong, John, entitled to land 
in Falmouth, 13. 
Lawrence, Lieut. Gov., 351. 
Simon, entitled to land in Fal- 
mouth, 14. 

Arrowsic, 27, 91, 92, 108, 109, 110, 
408. 

Arundel, 289, 457, 468, 471, 472, 
473, 474; petition of the peo- 
ple of, 270, 455. 
Meeting House, 270, 469, 472. 

Asher, E., 18. 

Asting, Benja., of Berwick, 432. 



Aston, Benj., of Berwick, 427. 

Atkins, Capt. , of the Bland- 
ford, 47. 

Atkinson, Mr. , merchant, 48. 

Theodore, collector, went with 
Col. Dunbar to Fort William 
Henry, 98; refused admission, 
99; his oath to affidavit, 99; 
his oath to his deposition, 99; 
his affidavit, 99; his deposi- 
tion, 99. 

Au , Robert, signed petition of 

Township No. One, 245. 

Auchmuty, Robert, king's advo- 
cate, 51. 

Augusta, Penhallow in command 
at, 108. 

Auston, Ichabod, signed petition 
of Township No. One, 243. 



B 



Babb, John, signed petition of 
Biddeford, 245. 

Babson, Richard, entitled to land 
in Falmouth, 13. 

Backor, , resided in Berwick, 

428. 

Bailey \ John, entitled to land in 

Bayley / Falmouth, 13; a grantee 
of New Marblehead, 141. 
Joseph, entitled to land in Fal- 
mouth, 13. 
Timothy, signed petition of Mer- 
riconeag, 446, 461. 

Baker, Samuel, 403, 448. 

Ballantine, John, 63. 

Bane, Lewis, signed Falmouth re- 
port, 145. 

Bangs, Capt. , 289. 

Bank of Newfoundland, 322. 

Bant, Gildert, associated with Lev- 
eret, 120. 

Baptism of Indians, 136. 

Barbor, John, entitled to land in 
Falmouth, 14. 

Barns, Benjamin, signed Merri- 
coneag petition, 445, 461. 
James, signed petition of Town- 
ship No. 7, 237. 
Nathaniel, signed Merriconeag 
petitions, 288, 445, 461. 

Baronet, a New England native, 
311. 

Bartlett, Nathaniel, a grantee of 
New Marblehead, 141. 
Thomas, a grantee of New Mar- 
blehead, 141. 

Bastide, Jean Francois, engineer 
at Cape Breton, 366. 



INDEX 



477 



Baiidowin, James, 54. 

Bay Fran(;ois, 359. 

Bay of Fundy, 28, 30, 32, 51, 315. 

Bay Verte, 315, 320, 334, 343, 347, 
365. 
fort at, 387, 

Beacher, 74. 

Beaiibassin, 373. 

Beauchanip, John, 118. 

Beaucharnois, Marquis de, 359, 372. 

Beckmore, George, signed Merri- 
coneag petition, 288. 

Bedford, Duke of, 388. 

Belcher, Governor Jonathan, his 
salary not settled, 6, 35, 40, 41, 
50, 60, 94, 131, 182; dissolved 
the old and ordered a new 
assembly, 6; received orders 
to preserve the woods, 0; Col. 
Dunbar sent a false report 
concerning, 6, 8, 17; ordered 
the forts to be examined and 
the rioters to be punished, 7, 
8, 67, 68, 76; desired instruc- 
tions concerning Col. Dunbar's 
settlement, 9, 10, stopped in 
England because of his relig- 
ion, 29; arrived, 29, 77; greet- 
ings of the people to, 35; 
visited by Col. Dunbar, 35; 
went to New Hampshire, 35, 
37, 40, 48, 132; his speech in 
New Hampshire, 40, 48; his 
treatment of Col. Dunbar, 47, 
48, 66; brought over a note 
against Col. Dunbar, 48; insti- 
gated Atkinson against Col. 
Dunbar, 48; accused of send- 
ing a force to destroy Freder- 
icksburg, 60, 63, 64, 65, 87, 96, 
100; claimed jurisdiction to 
the St. Croix, 64, 78; Col. Dun- 
bar sought advice agftinst, 64; 
persecuted Dunbar,66; ordered 
to abstain from military expe- 
dition to Fredericksburg, 66, 
67; his instructions to Lieut. 
Gov. Tailer to examine forts 
and harbors, 67, 68, 76; de- 
clined to examine Col. Dun- 
bar's instructions, 77; should 
have asked questions of the 
governor of Nova Scotia, 79; 
Col. Dunbar will report treach- 
ery to, 79; took leave of New- 
castle, 86; Dunbar had suffi- 
cient grounds to doubt, 95, 
133; his friends deny facts, 96; 
gave commission to Capt. Wal- 
ton, 98; Col. Dunbar not to 



-, 296. 



Belcher, continued. 

be admitted in fort, 98, 09; 
ordered expedition to proceed 
to Pemaquid, 100; insinuated 
hard things against Col. Dun- 
bar, 133; settlers doubtful of 
his protection, 252; asked to 
prevent the Land Bank, 256; 
turned out of office meu con- 
cerned in the bank, 257; in- 
structions to Lieut. Gov. and 
others, 67; letters of, 5, 85; 
mentioned, .37, 44, 52, 54, 70, 
71, 72, 76, 77, 79, 94, 131, 135, 
137, 140, 146, 149, 150, 1G2, 
164, 170, 179, 180, 181, 182, 
189, 191, 195, 199, 201, 203, 
205, 207, 208, 210, 212, 215, 
217, 219, 221, 223, 224, 220, 
232, 233, 234. 235, 236, 252. 

Bellomont, Earl of, 103, 105. 

Bennett, J., 106, 110. 
John, signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 421; resided at Berwick, 
430, 440. 
Tho., 105, 129. 

Bernet, Peter, 237. 

Berey ~] 

Berre r^ i 

BerreyjC^'- 

Berry J 

Elisha. signed petition of Town- 
ship No. One, 245. 
George, appointed lieutenant, 

291. 
James, signed petition of Town- 
ship No. One, 245. 
Richard, signed petition of 

Township No. One, 245. 
Thomas, to examine fortifica- 
tions, 68; to inquire into the 
complaints of Indian dele- 
gates, 156. 
William, signed petition of 
Township No. One, 245. 

Berwick, the people of desired to 
build a new meeting house, 
240; a portion of the town dis- 
sented, 240, 241, 247, 248, 249, 
418, 419; the building of meet- 
ing house is suspended, 250, 
255; copy of petition served on 
selectmen, 250, 422; report of 
committee of legislature, 252, 
254; town improved after the 
last Indian war, 254; another 
meeting house needed, 254, 434, 
435, 436, 437, 439; appropria- 
tion for minister, 393; town 
voted to build above the river, 



4T8 



DOCtJlMENTAIlY HISTORY 



Berwick, continued. 

393,395; the building commit- 
tee appointed, 393, 395, 434; 
old meeting house dilapidated, 

409, 410, 417, 436; a new meet- 
ing house would help the town, 

410, 420; warrant to call town 
meeting, 410, 411, 412; shall 
the money be raised for a 
meeting house, 411, 412, 417; 
a general tax to be levied, 411, 
412, 418, 438, 443; a second 
house should be built, 412, 417, 
420; lower part of the town 
desired exemption from tax, 
419,420; answer of committee, 
422; list of families above 
Chadbourn's Eiver, 426, 428, 
432; list below the river, 429, 
431, 440; some of the signers 
of the petition not qualified 
voters, 434; a second parish 
would ruin the town, 438; 
divided into two parishes, 442, 
454; the dividing line of par- 
ishes, 443; answer to petition, 
434; petitions of, 247, 409, 415, 
434; report of committee, 442; 
record of town meeting, 393, 
394. 

Bible, the, polluted by Book of 

Common Prayer, 29. 
Biddeford, Petition of, 244; naen- 

tioned, 173, 241, 423, 469. 

BiSot } ■^^°^^- Francois, 383. 

fiev. George, a grantee of New 
Marblehead, 140. 
Billers, Wm., 23. 
Bills, Counterfeit, 451. 

of Credit, 95, 328. 

of Exchange, 378, 380. 

see also Currency. 

Birchet, Mr. , 33. 

Black, Samuel, 269. 

William, signed Merriconeag 
petition, 445, 461. 

William Jr., signed Merriconeag 
petition, 289/445, 461. 
Blackstone, Benjamin, entitled to 

land in Falmouth, 14. 
Bladen, M., 18, 06, 133, 185. 
Blanc, Jos. la, 371, 372. 

Rene le, 360. 

Blanchair "I x>^ ^ o-i o^7o 
Blancher } Rene, 3.1, o72. 

Blay, Jedediah, a grantee of New 
Marblehead, 141. 
Joseph, petitioned as a repre- 
sentative of Marblehead, 139; 



Blay, continved. 

a grantee of New Marblehead, 
141. 
Blockhouses, to be built, 122; 
protected the country, 124; 
built by proprietors of Merri- 
coneag, 155; needed at Schieg- 
necto, 314. 
at Canso, 314, 347. 
at Minas, 314, 315, 339, 387. 
at Schignecto, 315, 339. 
.see also Garrisons. 
Blower, Capt. John, affidavit of, 
106, 107; in Col. Walton's regi- 
ment, 107. 
Bollan, W., letter of, 381; men- 
tioned, 389. 
Bolton, Thomas, to settle school- 
master at Falmouth, 193. 
Boothby, Richard, 456. 
Boston, 1, 9, 11, 15, 20, 25, 29, 30, 
37, 46, 47, 59, 60, 62, 63, 65, 69, 
70, 72, 75, 77, 79, 82, 83, 89, 90, 
91, 97, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 
138, 143, 144, 151, 156, 162, 
164, 170, 172, 175, 183, 186, 
189, 191, 201, 213, 214, 220, 
231, 2.37, 238, 251, 255, 260, 
275, 282, 287, 290, 298, 299, 
300, 311, 312, 316, 327, 335, 
337, 341, 343, 354, 358, 359, 
360, 363, 365, 367, 368, 373, 
379, 402, 426, 434, 451, 459, 
461, 463, 468, 471. 
Castle Island, 70. 
Gazette, 79, 293. 
Harbor, 262, 334. 
Hospital, 321, 322. 
State House, 307. 
Bowden, Francis, a grantee of 
New Marblehead, 141. 
Michael, a grantee of New 
Marblehead, 140. 
Bowdoin, James, entitled to land 

in Falmouth, 54. 
Bowen, Nathan, a grantee of New 

Marblehead, 141. 
Boyd, Hugh, signed petition of 
Township No. 7, 237. 

Brackett| j resided at Ber- 

Brackot > • i ^oo 

Brackut j ^'^■^' ^^^- 

James, resided at Berwick, 428, 

429. 
John, resided at Berwick, 428, 

433. 
Joshua, entitled to land in Fal- 
mouth, 14 ; resided at Ber- 
wick, 429. 



INDEX 



479 



Brackett, continued. 
Samuel, selectman of Berwick, 
409, 412; resided at Berwick, 
428, 429, 433. 
Samuel Jr., selectman of Ber- 
wick, 396; signed petition of 
Berwick, 434. 

Bradbury, Capt. Jabez, petitioned 
to be continued in command 
at St. Georges, 30G, 408, 454; 
concerning his successor, 307. 
Wymond, of Brunswick, 273, 
275, 277, 279, 280, 281, 282, 
283, 294, 295. 

Bradford, John, associated with 
Leveret, 120; signed the peti- 
tion of Damariscotta, 293. 
Perez, entitled to land at Fal- 
mouth, 54. 

Bradley, Richard, attorney gen- 
eral of New York, 10. 

Bradstreet, Col. John, projected 
Louisbourg expedition, 30j ; 
to command in place of Pej)- 
perrell, 301; letter of, 300. 

Bragdou, Benj., of Berwick, 440. 
Benony, of Berwick, 430. 
John, of Berwick, 440. 
Thomas, signed petition for 
Berwick, 249. 

Bragg, John, signed petition of 
Township No. One, 245. 

Bran ") George, Gorage, Goray, 

Brawn l of Berwick, 428, 429, 

Bron J 432, 443. 

Brenton, lahaleel, associated with 
Leveret, 120. 

Brewer, James, signed Merri- 
coneag petition, 207. 

Briant, , counterfeiter, 451. 

Brickett, James, entitled to land 
in Falmouth, 13. 

Bridgeman, O., 18. 

Bridges, 80, 195, 202, 465, 466. 

Brimblecome, Samuel, a grantee 
of New Marblehead, 141. 

Broadstreet, see Bradstreet. 

Brooks, John, signed petition of 
Township No. One, 243. 
Robert, signed petition of Town- 
ship No. One, 243. 

Brousden, Benjamin, associated 
with Leveret, 120. 

Brown, John, entitled to land in 
Falmouth, 14. 
John, of New Harbor, pur- 
chased land at Pemaquid, 43; 
sold laud to Grover, 44. 
John, a kinsman, insulted, 44, 
45, 46. 



Brown, continued. 

Jas., resided at Berwick, 429. 
Samuel, associated with Lev- 
eret, 190. 

BrudenelL Ja., 96, 133, 185. 

Brunswick, Fort George at, 69, 73; 
jjeople of Mare Point desired 
to be annexed to, 200; people 
of Merriconeag desired to be 
annexed to, 206, 220, 222; 
Merriconeag annexed to, 208, 
216; erected into a town (1737- 
8), 228, 229, 231; boundary 
line, 229; a young town, 2.30; 
petitioned that the Sebasco- 
degin Islands be attached to, 
234, 235; situation of the 
islands, 235; islands annexed, 
2.30; irregular proceedings at 
the town meeting of, 273, 274, 
275, 276, 277, 278, 280, 283, 
284; selectmen of, summoned, 
274, 275; desired to have an- 
other town meeting, 280, 281; 
regularly assessed, 281; peti- 
tioned that the town meeting 
be confirmed, 282; new town 
meeting to be held, 283, 284; 
distance of the church from 
Merriconeag, 288; selectmen 
summoned, 289; order for 
town meeting, 294; list of 
town officers, 295; protest 
against town meeting, 290; 
soldiers sent to, 408; a propo- 
sal to supi)lant the com- 
mander at, 409; act of incor- 
poration, 197; petition of 
town officers, 281; return of 
the constable of, 211; men- 
tioned, 190, 191, 199, 216, 226, 
227, 229, 2.30, 271, 275, 270, 

277, 282, 460, 461. 

Fort and Garrison at, 69, 73, 246, 

408, 409, 425. 
Meeting House, 235, 273, 276, 

278, 281, 288. 
Broad Bay, 269. 

Bay Garrison at, 296. 
Bay Point, 296. 
Bukston, Jams, entitled to land in 

Falmouth, 14. 
Bull, Robert, a grantee of New 

Marblehead, 141. 
Bungamunganock Brook, 197. 
Burbank, John, signed petition of 

Arundel, 271. 

Burgess, Col. , 29. 

Burkes, John, 456. 

Burnet, Gov. William, 27, 123, 165. 



480 



DO0XJMENTAP.Y HISTORY 



Burnham, James, 457. 

Burnon, Thomas, signed petition 

of Township No. One, 245. 
Burns, James, messenger for Col. 
Dunbar, 75, 77. 
William, signed petition of 

Township No. Seven, 237. 
Capt. William, his soldiers un- 
easy, .316; killed, .396, 397; in 
command at Brunswick, 408. 
Burnum, Daniel, signed petition 
of Township No. One, 245. 
Job, signed petition of Township 
No. One, 245. 
Burridge, William, of Watertown, 
keeper of Scarborough rec- 
ords, 12. 
Burton, 13enjamin, signed the peti- 
tion of Township No. Seven, 
237; appointed an ensign, 291. 
John, signed petition of Town- 
ship No. Seven, 237. 

Butler, Mr. , 286. 

Capt. Moses, to attend to build- 
ing the new meeting house, 
393; as selectman, 396, 409, 
412; resided in Berwick, 427, 
432; signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 434, 440; to set off the 
new parish, 434. 
Moses Jr., resided at Berwick, 

428. 
Thomas, signed the call for town 
meeting, 395; resided in Ber- 
wick, 427, 432. 
Butter, 259, 269, 290, 
Byfield, Judge Nathaniel, 28, 97. 
Sarah, associated with Leveret, 
120; 



C 



Cadiz Bay, 191. 

Caesar Moxus, Penobscot chief, 
met delegation from Massa- 
chusetts, 74. 

Calef, Jno., signed petition of 
North Yarmouth, 219, 221. 

Calgik, David, of Londonderry, 24. 

Cambridge, 47. 

Campbell, Robert, signed petition 
of Londonderry, 24. 
William, signed memorial of 
Small Point, 217. 

Canada, 5, 11, 102, 137, 187, 212, 
215, 258, 299, 300, 315, 320, 
321, 320, 327, .328, 329, 332, 
333, 335, 336, 337, 338, 341, 
342, 343, 347, 349, 350, 353, 
354, 371, 372, 373, 379, 380, 



Canada, continued. 

386, 390, 402, 403, 464, 465. 

Canadians, the, 312, 335, .340, 342. 
844, 345, 346, 347, 350, 356, 
.363, 374, 375, 376, 383, 398; 
see also under French, the. 

Caneti River, 213. 

Canso, 32, .39, 304, 315, 328, 336. 
blockhouse at, 314, 347. 

Capboard Island, 14.5. 

Cape Ann, 81. 

Cape Breton, 38, 311, 317, ,322, 328, 
336, 337, 338, 340, 354, 355, 
366, 379, 383, 384, 385, 386, 
.391, 458. 

Cape Gaspe, 104. 

Cape Sable, 191, 315, 317, 336, 342, 
345. 
Indians, 345, 403. 

Car, Samuel, signed petition of 
Township No. One, 245. 

Cargill, Capt. David, his soldiers 
uneasy, 316; letters of, 360, .366. 

Carll, Samuel, signed petition of 
Township No. One, 245. 
Timothy, signed petition of 
Township No. One, 245. 

Carman, Francis, signed Merri- 
coneag petition, 289. 

Carnot, John, of Londonderry, 20, 
24. 

Carrying Place, a, 198, 227. 

Carter ) John, resided at Berwick, 

Cartor | 427, 432. 
Nehemiah, signed petition for 

Georgia, 130. 
William, signed petition of 
Township No. Seven, 237. 

Casco, roads at, laid out, 2; Gov. 
Phillips at, 30; masts can be 
sent from, .33; Grover escaped 
to, 46; French sloop and In- 
dians at, 97. 
Bay, 21, 22, 23, 25, 33, 144, 166, 

199, 206, 220, 228, 262, 267. 
garrison at, 30. 

Caswell, John, agent for Belcher, 
85. 

Caudry, Francois, 371. 

Certificates used to pay soldiers, 
390. 

Chadbourn, Benj., signed petitions 
of Berwick, 249, 421, 431; ob- 
jected to building meeting 
house, ,394; resided at Ber- 
wick, 427, 429. 
Humphrey, new meeting house 
to be built near his home, 240, 
248, 254, 255, 416, 4.35 ; as town 
clerk, 241, 393, 394, 396, 413, 



INDEX 



481 



Chadbourn, continued. 

434; a resident of Berwick, 
431; to set off the new parish, 
434. 

Humphrey, Jr., objected to 
building a new meeting house, 
394; signed the petition of 
Berwick, 421; resided in Ber- 
wick, 429, 431. 

James, resided at Berwick, 428, 
438. 

Capt. Joseph, resided at Ber- 
wick, 428, 431; signed petition 
of Berwick, 440; to set off the 
new parish, 434. 

Joseph Jr., resided at Berwick, 

431, 443. 

William, resided at Berwick, 428. 
Chadbourn's River, 426, 428, 431, 

432, 440. 
Chandler, John, 156, 454. 
Charlestown, Mass., 149. 

fort at, 84, 85. 

Charter, of Massachusetts, 113, 
114, 115, 118, 125, 126, 127; of 
Plymouth, 127; of Duke of 
York, 25. 

Chase, Samuel, signed petition of 
Township No. One, 243; to en- 
gage men to clear land, 266. 

Chebucto, .374, 378, 379, 458. 
fort at, 314, 387. 
Harbor, 347. 

Cherryson, John, signed Berwick 
petition, 249. 

Chicanecto S 

Chicknecto [ 315, 334, 335, 378, 381. 

Chiegnecto J 

see also Schiegnecto. 

Chick, Aaron, resided at Berwick, 
433. 

Childs ■) Richard, resided at Ber- 

Chils /wick, 427. 
William, resided at Berwick, 
428, 433. 

Choate, Capt. , 222. 

Col. , 454. 

Chubb, Lieut. John (Pasco), in 
command at Pemaquid, 102; 
surrendered, 102. 

Church Island, 142. 

Chute, Thomas, a grantee of New 
Marblehead, 141. 

Cider, 290. 

Clapboard Islands, to be included 
in Falmouth, 144. 

Clarey, Edward, resided at Ber- 
wick, 427, 432. 

Clark, , Ensign, 137. 

Mr. ,'.250, 387. 



Clark, continued. 

Arch., of Londonderry, 24. 

Eleazer, signed call for town 
meeting, 395; resided at Ber- 
wick, 427, 432. 

George, entitled to land in Fal- 
mouth, 14; resided at Ber- 
wick, 429. 

James, of Londonderry, 24. 

John, entitled to land in Fal- 
mouth, 14; associated with 
Leveret, 120. 

Capt. John, in command at Fort 
Ann, 81; gave report of ammu- 
nition at fort, 82. 

Jonathan, resided at Berwick, 
428. 

Josies, signed petition of Dam- 
ariscotta, 293. 

Matt., of Londonderry, 24. 

Samuel, signed petition of Town- 
ship No. Seven, 237; gave 
power of attorney, 271, 272; 
petitioned for Brunswick, 273; 
protest of, 296. 

Simon, resided at Berwick, 429. 

Maj. Thomas, ancestor of E. 
Hutchinson and J. Walcot, 90, 
91; driven from his land, 91; 
attempted to resettle, 91; set- 
tlement again destroyed, 91. 

William, associated with Lev- 
eret, 120; a resident of Ber- 
wick, 427, 433; affidavit of, 
109, 110. 

William Jr., resided at Berwick, 
427 433. 

Clevlan'd, Mr. , 388. 

Clinton, George, governor of New 
York, letter of, 389; men- 
tioned, 329, 330, 831, 332, 334, 
377. 
Coal from Newcastle, 51 ; from Bay 
ofFundy, 51. 

Cobb, Capt. , in command at 

Arrowsic, 408. 

Abiah, of Wells, 461. 

Jonathan, entitled to land in 
Falmouth, 13. 

Joseph, entitled to land in Fal- 
mouth, 13. 

Samuel, entitled to land in Fal- 
mouth, 13. 
Cobequit, 359, 370. 
Cobham, Lord, 32. 
Cochran, William, of Londonderry, 

20. 
Cod-fishery, the, 322, 385; see 
under 'Fisheries. 



31 



482 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Coffin, Lieut. Joseph, clerk of Nar- 
ragansett Township, 260, 266; 
to make an agreement con- 
cerning saw mill, 265. 

Cogswell, Nathaniel, a grantee of 
New Marblehead, 140. 

Coks, John, entitled to land in 
Falmouth, 13. 
John Jr., deposition of, 186; oath 
of, 187. 

Cole, Mr. , 269. 

Coleman, Capt. Peter, a grantee of 
New Marblehead, 141. 

Coller, Richard, entitled to land in 
Falmouth, 13. 

CoUey, Moses, a grantee of New 
Marblehead, 141. 

Collins, Capt. , 317, 444. 

Colors, French, Indians attempt 
to treat under, 252. 

Commerce, 383; see under Trade. 

Commission of Miller, Col., 408. 

Common Prayer Book, the, pol- 
luted the Bible, 29. 

Condon, David, signed petition of 
Damariscotta, 293. 

Conen, Hateuel, resided at Ber- 
wick, 438. 

Connant, Joseph, entitled to land 
in Falmouth, 13. 

Connecticut, 319, 451. 
River, 32. 

Conner, John, resided at Berwick, 
427, 433. 

Cook ) Elisha, in opposition to 

Cooke ] Col. Dunbar, 2, 12, 26; his 
claim at Georgia, 12, 20; inter- 
rupted by Col. Dunbar, 20, 21, 
26, 27; sought confirmation of 
his title, 28; defended himself 
in log causes, 38; persecuted 
Col. Dunbar, 66; sent to exam- 
ine forts, 68; signed report of 
examiners, 85; petitioned that 
Col. Dunbar his land, 90, 113; 
an associate of Leveret, 120. 
Middlecott, signed petition of 
North Yarmouth, 221. 

Cooper \ John, signed petition of 

Cooppur J Berwick, 245, 420, 421; 
objected to building new meet- 
ing house, 394; resided at Ber- 
wick, 431, 440. 
John Jr., signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 249, 411; objected to 
building new meeting house, 
394; resided at Berwick, 431, 
440. 

Copley, Richard, signed petition of 
Township No. Seven, 237. 



Coram, Thomas, a petitioner, 25; 
carried artificers and merchan- 
dise to New England, 101; affi- 
davit of, 101, 107. 

Cosens, Ichabod Jr., 457. 

Cotton, Roland, clerk, 274, 294, 
295 422. 
William, 1*2, 466. 

Coulbroth, John, signed petition 
of Township No. One, 245. 

Councillor, a, yearly chosen at 
Scarborough, 105, 106. 

Counterfeit Bible, in circulation, 
451. 

Courts, people of Maine preferred 
them held at Portsmouth, 97. 

Coussens, Benj., 457. 

Cox, William, witness to signa- 
tures, 44. 

Coy, John, to take list of claim- 
ants to land at Falmouth, 13; 
entitled to land, 13; signed 
report, 14. 

Craddock, Mr. , merchant, 48. 

Creditor, Joseph, 457. 

Crocker, James, entitled to land 
at Falmouth, 14. 

Cromeck, Joshua, signed Merri- 
coneag petition, 208. 

Cromwell, Joshua, of Wells, 461; 
see Crumwell. 

Crown, the, can be addressed 
directly by the people, 95. 

Crown Point, N. Y., 346, 453, 458, 
4C5. 

Crumwell, Joshua, signed Merri- 
coneag petition, 288; see Crom- 
well. 

Culland, John, 457. 

Cunningham, Edward, 461. 

Currency, 28, 88, 39, 95, 182, 255, 
256, 257, 328, 380, 385, 401, 451. 

Curtis, Caleb, 461. 
Jacob, 270, 456. 

Gushing, Ezl., 263, 466. 
John, 156, 222. 

Thomas, speaker, 243, 246, 250, 
255, 263, 264, 268, 283, 285, 
286, 289, 293, 312. 

Cusons "I ^ . ,_w 

Coussens} ^^"3- '4^'- 
Ichabod, 456. 
Ichabod Jr., 457. 
John, 400. 
Joseph, 457. 
Thomas, 456. 

Cutter, Ammi Ruhamah, agent for 
North Yarmouth, 208, 212, 216, 
218, 221, 230, 231, 233, 236, 
404, 405, 441, 446, 447, 448. 



INDEX 



483 



Cutter, continued. 
Dorothy, 399, 441, 447. 

C , Anthony, of Berwick, 428. 

C , Samuel, of Berwick, 429. 

C— ffall, Philo, of Berwick, 428. 



D 



Dabney, Job, signed petition of 
North Yarmouth, 219, 221. 

Daigre, M. O. de Batiste, 371. 

Dalzell. Mrs. , bill for care of 

Eliza Smith, 452. 

Damariscotta, destitute of a 
preacher, 292; people of de- 
sired to be Incorporated as a 
town, 293; proposed bounda- 
ries, 293; soldiers posted at, 
361; petition of, 292. 
River, 24, 293. 

Dana, Richard, a grantee of New 
Marblehead, 141. 

Danford, John, entitled to land in 
Falmouth, 14. 

Danforth, Samuel, 454. 
Gov. Thomas, Falmouth settled 
when he was governor, 14; his 
deed of Falmouth destroyed, 
53; conveyed lands to Capt. 
Tyng and others, 55, 56, 59. 

Darling, William, signed Arundel 
petition, 271. 

Davis, Hannah, associated with 
Leveret, 120. 
Jacob, signed petition of Town- 
ship No. One, 245. 
John Jr., signed petition of 

Township No. One, 243. 
Capt. Sylvanus, as a witness, 150. 
Timothy, opposed building a 
meeting house, 241; signed 
petition of Berwick, 411, 431; 
resided at Berwick, 429, 430, 
441. 
William, entitled to land at Fal- 
mouth, 13; resided at Berwick, 
428, 433. 

Day, C, signed Small Point memo- 
rial, 217. 
Thomas, signed Small Point me- 
morial. 217. 

Dearing, Bray, signed Damaris- 
cotta petition, 293. 

Declarations, of Minas, 370. 
of Ramsay, 372. 

Deed, Indian, relating to lands 
near Pemaquid, 43. 

De Loutre, , 463. 



Dennis, John, chaplain at St. 

Georges, 209; petitioned for 

pay, 209; petition granted, 

207; petition of, 208. 

Denny, Samuel, letter of, 397. 

Denslow, Benj., signed Merrico- 

neag petition, 207. 
D'Enville, Due, see Anville, Due d'. 
Depositions: — 
Atkinson, Theodore, 99. 
Coks, John Jr., 186. 
Duning, David, 277, 282. 
Finney, Robert, 276. 
Fisher, Samuel, 405. 
Jones, Nathaniel, 182. 
Mason, Jonas, 403. 
Mitchell, Jacob, 404. 
Packer, Thomas, 99. 
Phillips, John, 149. 
Pickenden, Thos., 21. 
Seabury, Barnabas, 447. 
Southack, Cyprian, 150, 151. 
Spear, Robert, 275, 276, 282. 
Derry, Ireland, 19. 
Deshon, James, 289, 290. 
Deverux, Humphrey, a grantee of 

New Marblehead, 141. 
Devon, County of, 91. 
Dodd, Benjamin, a grantee of New 

Marblehead, 141. 
Doeminique, P., 18. 
Doleuer, John, entitled to land in 

Falmouth, 14. 
Dongon, Col. Thomas, land to be 
given to, 104; to settle tract 
with Roman Catholics, 104. 
Dorman, Jabez, signed petition of 

Arundel, 270. 
Dorrell, Philip, signed petition of 

Arundel, 270, 456. 
Douglass, .James, 272. 
Dowins, Thomas, resided at Ber- 
wick, 427. 
Downing, Benj., 457. 

Dennis, 293. 
Downs, Nathaniel, resided at Ber- 
wick, 427, 433. 
Saml., resided at Berwick, 427. 
Thomas, resided at Berwick, 433. 
William, resided at Berwick, 427. 
Dowty, James, entitled to land at 

Falmouth, 13. 
Doyle, James; signed Merriconeag 

petition, 445, 461. 
Dresser, Richard, signed petition 

of Township No. One, 245. 
Drumond, Capt. Patrick, 291. 
Duch Church, 296. 
Dudley, Gov. Joseph, 103, 115, 165. 
William, 140. 



484 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Dummer, Lieut. Nathaniel, 205. 
Lieut. Gov. William, 16, 109, 137, 
138, 165, 166, 252. 

Dunbar, Col. David, had trouble 
about cutting masts, 1, 2, 3; 
disliked Waldo, 2, 3, 4, 12, 40; 
desired directions, 3, 4, 5, 52; 
at Waldo's request he advised 
Slade, 3; could cheapen con- 
tracts, 4; received letter from 
Indian chiefs, 5, 11; desired to 
form a niajestracy and militia, 
5, 11; sent false reports con- 
cerning Belcher, 6, 8, 17; his 
settlers rioted, 7, 8, 9; his set- 
tlement under the government 
of Massachusetts, 7, 8, 9, 10, 
64, 07, 78; preceded by many 
claimants, 9; asked to wait till 
home government can settle 
disputes, 10; would not extend 
settlement till better acquaint- 
ed with Indians, 11; reported 
dead, 15; his brother saved 
timber, 1.5 ; Newcastle f orv»^ard- 
ed his letter, 15, 16; inter- 
rupted settlers, 20, 21; his 
people prevented the taking of 
staves from Pemaquid, 21, 22; 
his lieutenant arrested, 23; 
no order given to drive away 
his settlers, 23; encumbered 
and embarrassed, 25, 26, 27, 
28, 31, 34, 36; received instruc- 
tions, 29, 30,36; gave presents 
to Indians, 30; entertained In- 
dians, 31; informed in regard 
to trees, 32; proposed to build 
a vessel, 34; hoped to leave 
New England, 35; proposed 
bribery, 35; called on Belcher, 
35; many intended settlers 
applied to, 36, 52; despicable, 
30; desired a successor, 36; 
unable to defend palatines, 37; 
in debt, 37, 48; cause against 
Cooke, 38; might have had a 
flourishing settlement, 40; re- 
called declaration, 40; West- 
brook's opinion of, 42; going 
to new settlement, 47, 51, 64, 
66; Belcher's treatment of, 47, 
48; suit brought against, 48; 
tells how Massachusetts 
should be governed, 50, 51, 97; 
may be a prisoner, 51; ac- 
quainted Col. Phillips of 
threats against Fredericks- 
burg, 51, 52; uneasy about 
force sent to Fredericksburg, 



Dunbar, continued. 

60, 63, 64; persecuted by 
Belcher and Cooke, 60; to 
winter at Fredericksburg, 66; 
not to be molested, 07; sent 
letters to Capt. Gyles, respect- 
ing settling and trade, 75; 
asked Tailer why he came to 
Fredericksburg, 75; objected 
to the delegation coming to 
the fort, 76; plain talk to 
Tailer, 70; accused the dele- 
gation of setting the Indians 
against him, 77, 79; Belcher 
refused to see his instructions, 
77; named his settlement, 78; 
to defend his fort, 78; vt^illnot 
converse with the delegation, 
79; will report treachery at 
Boston, 79; founded his com- 
plaints on errors, 87; managed 
unwisely, 88; settled on land 
belonging to others, 90, 152; 
hindered the rightful owners, 

92, 93, 124, 100; claimed right 
to set up separate government, 
92; his claims discouraged set- 
tlers, 93; owners of the land 
asked that he be kept away, 

93, 94, 124, 125; had sufficient 
grounds to doubt Belcher, 95; 
lieutenant governor of New 
Hampshire, 95, 97; Belcher's 
friends deny facts, 96; report- 
ed his meeting with Tailer, 
96; his opinion of New Eng- 
land, 97; went to examine 
Fort William and Mary, 97, 
98; refused admission, 98, 99; 
threatened, 99; could enter 
only as a private man, 99; 
would not enter, 99; claimed 
to have been the only success- 
ful settler; 128; unless lands 
are soon allotted his settle- 
ment will fall, 129; his people 
desired a township laid out, 
129, 130; his conflict with Bel- 
cher to be settled by the king, 
133; Belcher insinuated, 133; 
will leave Fredericksburg as 
soon as possible, 135, 167, 168; 
quitted W^aldo's land, 153; 
claimed land by right of con- 
quest, 160; ordered to quit 
possession, 163, 160, 184, 185; 
his petition being considered, 
183; desired recompense, 184; 
date of instrument, 184; took 
possession of Pemaquid, 184, 



INDEX 



485 



Dunbar, continued. 

set out six townships, 184; 
not a direct claimant but de- 
serving of favors, 185; letters 
of, 1, 11, 25, 29, 47, 59, t>8, 65, 
75, 76, 77, 96, 134; mentioned, 
16, 23, 41, 45. 
Jeremiah, deputy, offered for 
office, 36; unfit for the posi- 
tion, 42; sent home, 59, 60, 65, 
66; letter from his brother, 63; 
surveyor, 128; resided in Lon- 
don, 128; visited no houses ex- 
cei)t those of his brother's 
friends, 128, 129; affidavit of, 
128. 

Dungon, see Dongon. 

Dunieng \ David, signed petition 

Duning /of Georgia, 130; gave 
power of attorney, 271, 272, 
277; deposition, 277, 282; ap- 
pointed to examine accounts, 
279; protest of, 296; memo- 
randum of, 283. 
James, signed petition of Geor- 
gia, 130; gave power of attor- 
ney, 271, 272; petitioned for 
Brunswick, 273, 277; deposi- 
tion of, 277; protest of, 296. 

DurriU }^«"J-'^^^^"=^'^^'^- 

John, of Wells, 457. 

Moses, signed petition of Town- 
ship No. One, 145. 

Nathaniel, signed petition of 
Township No. One, 243. 
Dutch, the, 330, 331. 
Duties proposed, 50, 51. 

Duvierer, Mons. , 382. 

Dwight, Col. , 219. 

Brigadier Joseph, letter of, 390. 

Joseph, speaker, 283, 457, 467. 



E 



Eamery, see Emery. 

East Greenwich, Eng., 114. 

East India, 309. 

East, John, to take a list of Fal- 
moutli land claimants, 13; to 
make answer to petition 
against the town, 13; entitled 
to land in Falmouth, 14; agent 
for Falmouth, 55, 59. 

Edewakeuk, 212. 

Edgcome, Nicholas, a grantee of 
New Marblehead, 141. 

Edger, Henry, signed petition of 
Georgia, 131. 



Edger, continued. 

William, signed i^etition of Geor- 
gia, 131. 
Edwards, Benj., signed petition of 

North Yarmouth, 221. 
Elder, John, impressment of, 218. 
Eldon, John, signed petition of 
Township No. One, 245. 

Elenwood, , 285. 

Elwell, Vv'illiam, entitled to land 

in Falmouth, 14. 
Emery, Mr. , 258. 

Caleb, deputy sheriff, 250. 

Charity, widow, of Berwick, 440. 

Jabez, signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 249; resided at Berwick, 
440. 

Job, signed petition of Berwick, 
249, 421; resided at Berwick, 
431. 

Joseph, objected to building 
new meeting house, 394; 
signed petition of Berwick, 
411, 421; resided at Berwick, 
431, 440, 441. 

Joshua, signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 421; resided at Berwick, 
429, 430. 

Noah, to prefer the petition of 
Berwick, 249; letter of, 173, 
175, 176 ; mentioned, 289. 

Samuel, had the care of Mary 
Smith, 400, 453. 

Simon, resided at Ber^-ick, 441. 

Simon Jr., signed petition of 
Berwick, 421; resided at Ber- 
wick, 431. 
England, 2, 11, 12, 37. 41, 47, 48, 
51, 104, 128, 153, 321, 322, 336, 
338, 340, 364, 365, 366, 384, 
423. 
English, the, Indians advised to 
live well with, 5; Indians con- 
tinually at war with, 91, 106, 
111, 386; Nova Scotia surren- 
dered to, 107; Indians pre- 
pared to fall upon, 107; In- 
dians not uneasy on account 
of, 213; Indians not to go to 
war with, 213, 215; the French 
set the Indians against in time 
of peace, 251, 386; not per- 
mitted to walk in the streets 
of Quebec, 258; people of 
Nova Scotia dislike the gov- 
ernment of, 340; attacked at 
Grand Pre, 303; French jealous 
of, 363; Acadians told to take 
arms against, 373; Acadians 
absolved from oath, 373; 



486 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORl 



English, continued. 

French stir up revolt against, 
372, 373; prisoners from Que- 
bec, 381; the only stronghold 
of, in Acadia, 382, 384, 385, 
386; their first knowledge of 
the French at Annapolis, 382; 
the French annoy all who fa- 
vor, 382; soldiers obliged to 
live on the inhabitants, 383; 
harrassed by French and In- 
dians, 384, 386; their colonies 
languished, 384; value of Cape 
Breton to, 385; trade in West 
Indies, 380; governor of Can- 
ada to turn Indians against, 
386; people to be attached to, 
388; Indians desired peace 
with, 462 ; killed at Annapolis, 
463; mentioned, 110, 136, 155, 
159, 187, 321, 348, 351, 352, 
360, 371. 373, 402. 

Eps, Daniel, 139. 

Ercegontogoges, the, 212, 213. 

Erskine, Lieut. James, ensign 
withCol. Tavlor, 107; affidavit 
of, 100, 107. " 

Espequead\a vice-king of the 

Espiquet J Penobscots, 11; met 
a delegation from Massachu- 
setts, 74. 

Essex County, Eng., 105, 111. 

Evans, Nathaniel, a grantee of 
New Marblehead, 141. 

Everson, William, signed petition 
of Township No. Seven, 237. 

Eyre, Mr. Kingsmill, 48. 



F 



Fabyan, .John, signed petition of 
Township No. One, 245. 
Joseph, signed petition of Town- 
ship No. One, 245. 

Fairweather, Thomas, associated 
with Leveret, 120. 

Fall, John, resided at Berwick, 427. 
Samuel, resided at Berwick, 427. 
Trostum, resided at Berwick, 
427, 

Falley, Richard, signed petition of 
Township No. Seven, 237. 

Falmouth, a list of land claimants 
to be made out, 13; the suc- 
cessful claimants, 13, 14; 
claimants to prove their 
rights, 14; Jeremiah Dunbar 
came from, 15; Pickenden at, 
21, 23; petition of heirs and 



Falmouth, continued. 

assigns, 52; answer to petition 
long deferred, 53; destroyed, 
53, 55 ; deed given by Danforth 
lost, but counterpart saved, 
53, 54; answer to petition of 
Westbrook and others, 54, 55; 
land in, to be placed in hands 
of trustees, 55; laid out and 
settled, 55; people driven 
from, 55; lands in given to 
more families, 50; many came 
without consent, 56; the peo- 
ple acted justly, 57; pretended 
proi^rietors presented claims 
after real owners had saved 
the settlement, 58; a former 
town clerk witholds town 
book, .'SO; treaty of, 72; Nut- 
ting the armourer at, 188; re- 
port on regulating the settle- 
ment, 144; bounds of, 145, 146; 
number of families at, 145, 146 ; 
an agreeable place for a settle- 
ment, 145; should be a town- 
ship, 145; had two parishes, 
147; settlers obliged to leave 
land which they thought they 
owned, 147, 148; unimproved 
land to be taxed to support 
ministry and school, 148, 194, 
201, 202, 203; Indians threat- 
ened the people of, 172; jiro- 
prietors of brought action 
against Joseph Plumei", 173, 
174, 175, 177, 179, 183, 196, 203; 
Higginson's petition against, 
179; proprietors of, summoned 
to court, 180, 182, 201; militia 
at to be divided, 188, 189, 190; 
in poor condition for defence, 
190; resolutions in regard to 
schools, 192, 193, 194, 195; 
Phineas Jones to represent the 
town in Boston, 201; cost of 
building bridges and meeting 
house, 202; non-resident pro- 
prietors summoned, 202; an- 
swer to Higginson's petition, 
203; Presbyterians petitioned 
to be released from church 
tax, 210, 211; proprietors of 
Township No. Seven met at, 
240; second parish desired to 
be a township, 262, 263; pro- 
prietors summoned to General 
Court, 263; forces at to be dis- 
posed of, 368; desired to be 
reimbursed for care of William 
Ford, 423, 424; mast ship at, 



INDEX 



487 



Falmouth, continued. 

423; desired assistance in 
maintaining a bridge, 465, 46C; 
town meeting, 467; petition of 
second parish, 262; petition in 
regard to Forde, 423; petition 
of selectmen, 465; mentioned, 
139, 160, 166, 177, 179, 182, 
183, 188, 189, 190, 191, 196, 
201, 223, 239, 240, 291, 424, 
466. 
Book of Eecords, 14, 467. 
Bridge, 195, 465, 406, 467. 
Harrow House, 41, 172. 
Neck, 191, 194. 
Town House, 467. 

Faul, John, lived at Berwick, 422. 
Samuel, lived at Berwick, 433. 
Trustum, lived at Berwick, 433. 

Feild, Daniel, signed petition of 
Township No. One, 245. 

Felton, John, a giant«e of New 
Marblehead, i41. 

Finlayson, Nathaniel, signed peti- 
tion of Township No. One, 245. 

Finney, Robert, gave power of at- 
torney, 271, 272; petitioned 
for Brunswick, 273, 277; dei> 
osition of, 276; protest of, 206. 

Fisher, Samuel, deposition of, 405; 
oath of, 405. 

Fisheries, 38, 80, 112, 123, 142, 145, 
173, 262, 287, 304, 315, 322, 
336, 338, 3G1, 379, 383, 384, 
402. 

Fitch, Thos., associated with Lev- 
eret, 120. 

Five Nations, the, 329, 330, 331, 
332. 

Flag, see Colors. 

Flanders, 390. 

Floating masts on, 33. 

Forces, see Soldiers. 

Ford, John, of Berwick, 427, 432. 
William, of Falmouth, 423. 

Fore Kiver, 468, 467. 

Forgison, James, of Berwick, 441. 

Forts, to be examined, 63, 68, 69, 
76, 86; the erection of holds 
the territory, 126, 425; the 
Assembly answerable for 
maintaining, 132; at Pema- 
quid being improved, 167, 260; 
Massachusetts recommended 
to repair Pemaquid, 184; at 
Brunswick not to be strength- 
ened, 246; visited by Gov. 
Shirley, 252; grants to finish, 
258; much money needed for, 
261; concerning repairing, 298; 



Forts, continued. 

delay in finishing, 299; reduc- 
tion of Louisbourg, 301, 302; 
rebuilt at Canso, 304; improved 
by Gov. Knowles, 366; list of 
the commanders to be ob- 
tained, 360; proposed, 377; 
stores to be sent to, 407; 
needed at Penobscot, 425, 426, 
444; needed near Crown Point, 
458; needed at Chebucto, 458; 
see also Garrisons and Block- 
houses. 
Fort, at Annapolis, 374, 381, 382. 

at Arrowsic, 408. 

at Augusta, 108. 

at Boston Harbor, 66. 

at Bay Vert. 387. 

at Brunswick, 408, 425. 

at Canso, 304. 

at Charlestown, 84, 85. 

at Chebucto, 314, 387. 

at Falmouth, 22, 145. 

at Fredericksburg, 31, 79. 

at Louisbourg, 305, 309, 311. 

at Marblehead, 70, 82, 85. 

at Minas, 247. 

at Pemaquid, 7, 8, 22, 45, 46, 67, 
75, 88, 101, 102, 103, 115, 116, 
117, 150, 167, 168, 260, 261. 

at Penobscot. 425, 426. 

at Richmond, 69, 70, 72, 110, 425. 

at Saco River, 63, 425. 

at St. Georges, 68, 69, 163, 209, 
215, 253, 268, 306, 425, 454. 

at St. Peters, 304. 

at Salem, 70, 81, 85. 

Anne, 81, 82. 

Castle William, 82, 83, 84, 260, 
261, 321. 

Dummer, 137, 424, 425. 

Frederick, 7, 8, 51, 65, 134, 135, 
214, 225, 226, 231, 253, 258, 407, 
403. 

George, 69, 73, 143, 198, 224, 408, 
409. 

Hinsdall, 425. 

Mary, 69, 80. 

No. Four, 391. 

Richmond, 131, 141, 253, 299. 

St. Frederick, 465. 

William and Mary, 97, 98, 99. 
Foss, Benjamin, signed petition of 
Township No. One, 245. 

Joseph, signed petition of Town- 
ship No. One, 245. 

Walter, signed petition of Town- 
ship No. One, 245, 

Fox, Mr. , 379. 

Foxcroft, Fras., 238. 



488 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Foy, James, 427. 
Timothy, 285. 

Frarapton, Maj. Gen. , his reg- 
iment, 327, 835. 

France, 118, 151, 213, 215, 262, 200, 
304, 320, 321, 333, 335, 340, 
342, 352, 359, 363, 391, 464. 

Franklyn, Henry, an associate with 
Leveret, 120. 

Fransoi, Saveur, Penobscot chief, 
74. 

Fredericksburg, ( New Settle- 
ment), Indians not at, 5; In- 
dians desired to know the 
oi)inion of the French concern- 
ing, 5, 11; Dunbar desired to 
form a government at, 5, 11, 
31; formerly Pemaquid, 6, 7, 
8, 68, 69, 78, 86, 87, 100; Bel- 
cher did not send expedition 
to capture, 6, 8, 87, 96; riot of 
the people at, 7, 8; 9, 65, 86, 
87; claimed as a part of the 
Province of Massachusetts 
Bay, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 64, 67, 86, 
88, 92, 93, 118, 127, 134; many 
claimants before Dunbar, 9; 
boundaries, of, 9; distance 
from St. Georges River, 11; 
Massachusetts did not improve 
it or allow others to improve 
it, 11, 12, 78; its future value 
to England, 11; prosperous 
outlook, 12, 15 ; people of Lon- 
donderry desire to move to, 
24; a wilderness, 26, 27; im- 
provements at, 27 ; fort at de- 
scribed, 31, 79: named, 31, 78; 
a defense against Indians, 31; 
provisions sent to bi;t not paid 
for, 37, 48; Dunbar going to, 
47, 51, 64, 66; men from annoy 
Grover, 45, 40, 51, 64, 65; peo- 
ple of stigmatized, 51; fear it 
will be taken, 51; under the 
jurisdiction of Philips of Nova 
Scotia, 52, 64, 88, 103, 118; 
Dunbar uncertain about de- 
fending it, 52, 04; armed force 
to be sent against, 60, 78, 79, 
100; the disputes at related 
only to private property, 64; 
the stay of the schof)ner only 
a pi'etence for quarrelling, 64, 
65 ; four of the rioters arrested, 
65, 87; Dunbar to winter at, 
65; Belcher ordered to ab- 
stain from sending expedition 
against, 66, 67; the govern- 
ment of under consideration, 



Fredericksburg, continued. 

67; Belcher sent delegation to, 
78, 86; Dunbar to defend it, 
78; Belcher's friends say no 
military force was sent against, 
96; Tailer asked improper 
questions, 96; Dunbar to leave 
as soon as possible, 135; men- 
tioned, 70, 76, 77; see also 
under Georgia and Pemaquid. 

Fredericksport, 37; see Fredericks- 
burg. 

French, the ( including Acadian 
and Canadian ) ; advised the 
Indians to live well with the 
English, 5; purchased vessels 
in New England, 37, 66; gave 
grant to Winnit, 39; sent coal 
to Massachusetts, 51; a sloop 
at Casco, belonging to, 97; 
Indians in the interest of, 101, 
309, 315, 329, 337; tract of 
country left to, 102; Pema- 
quid surrendered to, 106, 115; 
built a church near the Ken- 
nebec River (1698), 103, 115; 
Massachusetts ordered to re- 
gain the land from, 103; held 
the tract fourteen years, 104, 
107, 116; surrendered to JSTich- 
olson, 104, 105, 116, 118, 126; 
did not attempt to settle on the 
Kennebec, 105; destroyed Pem- 
aquid a second time (1698 ), 
115, 118; hindered Leveret's 
associates, 122; attacked 
blockhouse, 122; gave Indians 
ammunition and presents, 151, 
187, 335, 357, 462, 403; Indians 
told to trade with, 185; re- 
ported that the Indians were 
prepared for war, 187; inter- 
married with the Indians, 
251; their missionaries among 
the Indians, 251; influence 
over Indians, 252, 384, 425; the 
eastern settlements a curb to, 
252; would not permit the 
English to walk the streets of 
Quebec, 258; retaliation at 
Boston, 258; demolislied fort 
at Pemaquid, 261; in the rear 
of Pepperrell's troops, 302, 
303; Louisboui'g their pride, 
304; a prelude to the reduc- 
tion of their settlements, 304; 
to besiege Annapolis; 304; 
plan to frustrate their hopes, 
314, 315; a port to hold the 
mastery over, 323; will be 



ESTDEX 



489 



French, continued. 

discouraged if the Indians as- 
sist the English, 329, 332; 
generally at war with the 
Five Nations, 330; will not 
venture to Annapolis Basin, 
333; may send war-like stores 
Chicknecto, 335; on their being 
removed from Nova Scotia, 337, 
340, 341, 345, 348, 349, 350, 
352, 353, 363, 364, 371, 376, 
377, 383, 389; will attempt 
to recover Louisbourg, 337; 
and be masters of Nova 
Scotia, 338; deserters among, 
338; on the subjection of, 
339; if exiled will go to Can- 
ada or join the Indians, 349; 
removed by Nicholson, 351; 
allowance for their discon- 
tent, 352; would have a bad 
influence over English rebels, 
353; one settlement a key in 
the hands of, 355, 356; those 
in Nova Scotia were traitors, 
357, 358; are advised to hold to 
their religious faith, 359, 360; 
prisoners exchanged, 363; 
fear of the mastery of, 363; 
their influence over settlers in 
Nova Scotia, 363, 372, 373; 
vessel sent to find ships of, 
365; will not retract oath and 
will submit to orders, 370; 
declaration of Minas, 370; 
summoned to renew oath, 371; 
fidelity of, 371, 372; need 
paper, 372; masters of Beau- 
basin and Minas, 373; advise 
the Acadians to take up arms 
against the English, 373; dis- 
charged from oath, 373; arma- 
ment arrived, 374, 378, 379; 
tried to stir up the people of 
Minas, 374, 376, 377, 382; cap- 
tured Minas, 375, 381; with- 
drew from Minas, 375, 376; 
lost the pretence of title to 
Minas, 376; returned to Can- 
ada, 376; a raid expected, 
376; the capture of Nova 
Scotia, no help to recover 
Cape Breton, 379; Nova Scotia 
a barrier to, 379; troops at 
Quebec, 381; how they paid 
soldiers, 382, 383; Acadians 
inclined to declare for, 383; 
often ventured to regain lost 
territory, 384; kept up the 
spirits of the Indians, 384; 



French, continued. 

annoy the English, 384; ever 
had an eye on Nova Scotia, 
384; their colonies become 
bold, 384; value of Cape 
Breton to, 385; designed to 
settle on western frontier, 
453, 458, 465; Cape Breton de- 
livered to, 458; as subjects of 
Great Britain, 462; mentioned, 
155, 177, 213, 261, 265, 267, 
299, 321, 323, 336, 345, 350, 
353, 354, 356, 360, 371, 383; 
see Acadians and Canadians. 

Indians, 329, 330, 331, 334, 375. 

Protestants, 16. 
Friar, a, for Indians, 213; see 

Priests. 
Frontenac, Louis de Baude, Comte 

de, 321, 322. 
Frost, Mr. , 289. 

Charles, letter of, 190. 

James, resided at Berwick, 428, 
433. 

Jeremiah, resided at Berwick, 

427, 432. 

John, opposed building meeting 
house, 241; signed petition for 
Berwick, 249; resided at Ber- 
wick, 433. 

Jno., clerk of the Court, 178, 179. 

Nathaniel, resided at Berwick, 

428, 433. 

Robt., signed petition for Lon- 
donderry, 24. 

Simon, letter of, 392; mentioned, 
162, 170, 172, 181, 182, 203, 207, 
208, 210, 213. 

Stephen, resided at Berwick, 

427, 432. 

Thomas, resided at Berwick, 428. 
William, resided at Berwick, 

428, 433. 
Fotlieringham, Capt. , 344, 

345. 

Frothingham, Thomas, a grantee 
of New Marblehead, 141. 

Fuel for Boston, 367, 368. 

Fulerton, Wm., signed petition of 
settlers of Georgia, 130. 

Fulham, Francis, 156. 

Furniss, Nathan, resided at Ber- 
wick, 431. 
Robert, rtesided at Berwick, 427. 



G- 



G 

-, John, signed memorial 



of Small Point, 217. 



32 



490 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Gacell, Moses, signed petition of 

Merriconeag, 207. 
Gains, John, letter of, 290. 
Galissoniere, M, R. Barrin, Mar- 
quis de la, 461. 
Gallison, Joseph, a grantee of New 

I^Iarblehead, 141. 
Garrish, see Gerrish. 
Garrisons to be examined, 69, 76; 
few, 191; to be repaired, 253; 
needed at Louisbourg, 300; at 
times, of no protection, 353; 
dispute among officers, in the, 
355; soldiers disposed to de- 
sert, 355; surrounded by 
French traitors, 257; can not 
assist each other, 366, 367; list 
of commanders wanted, 369; 
those at Richmond mutinous, 
36'J; at Annapolis, 382; the 
Massachusetts soldiers the 
chief strength of, 385; at An- 
napolis to be supplied, 387; 
men needed at Georgetown, 
396, 397, 398; needed at Penob- 
scot River, 402; stores to be 
sent to, 407; see also Forts and 
Blockhouses. 
Garrison, at Annapolis, 282, 287, 
304, 314, 315, 317, 320, 321, 
333, 337, 338, 347, 356, 364, 
379, 387, 453, 463. 

at Arrowsic, 108, 109, 110. 

at Broad Bay, 296. 

at Brunswick, 246. 

at Canso, 191. 

at Casco, 30. 

at Frederick, 214. 

at Georgetown, 296, 396, 397, 
398. 

at Louisbourg, 303, 317, 319, 324, 
325, 326, 336, 389. 

at Madomock, 296. 

at Ma quoit, 296. 

at Martins, 296. 

at Minas, 344. 

at New Blockhouse, 296. 

at Nova Scotia, 103. 

at Point of Broad Bay, 296. 

at Richmond, 369. 

at St. Georges, 297. 

at Sheepscot, 296. 

at Topsham, 296. 

at Walpole, 296. 

at Witchasset, 296. 

Lane's, 296. 

Larmous, 296. 

Leverett's, 155, 169. 

Philbrook's, 396. 

Vaughan's, 296. 



Garrisons, continued. 

Woodsides, 296. 

Zuberbuhlers, 296. 
Gartcheal \ j^^ resided at Ber- 

Samuel, signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 249, 421; resided at Ber- 
wick, 426, 430, 441. 
Samuel Jr., resided at Berwick, 
431, 441. 

Gayton, Capt. , 362. 

George I, 39. 
II, 79, 165, 177. 

Georges, see St. Georges. 

Georgetown, 108, 110, 216, 217, 232, 
234, 291, 398, 397. 
garrison at, 296, .396, 397, 398. 

Georgia, Province of, proprietors 
send agent to England, 2, 12; 
distance from St. Georges, 11; 
name changed, 31; government 
of, 33; petition of the settlers 
of, 129; desired to be a town- 
ship, 130; families from Swiss 
cantons come to, 252; see 
Fredericksburg and Pema- 
quid. 

Germany, 354. 

^e"!^t I Col. ,222. 

Garrish j 
Charles, resided at Berwick, 427, 

432. 
James, resided at Berwick, 427, 

432. 
James Jr., resided at Berwick, 

427. 
Joseph, a representative of 

Township No. One, 259. 
William, resided at Berwick, 
427, 432. 
Gethe, Samuel, signed petition for 
Berwick, 421. 

Gibbs, Mr. , 259. 

Henry, signed petition of Merri- 
coneag, 206, 221; signed peti- 
tion of Small Point, 233; signed 
petition for Brunswick, 235. 
Gibralter Regiments, the, 317, 318, 

320, 324. 
Gibson, William, signed petition 

of Merriconeag, 207. 
Gill, Thomas, signed petition of 

North Yarmouth, 221. 
Gillison, see Jillson. 
Gillmore, James, signed petition 
for Londonderry, 24; signed 
petition for Township No. 
Seven, 237. 



INDEX 



491 



Gillos, Will, entitled to land in 

Falmouth, 14. 
Gillpatriok, James, 457. 
John, 457. 
John Jr., 457. 
Gimerson, Will, entitled to land in 
Falmouth, 14. 

Gin, 38. 

Given, David, to represent people 
of Brunsvyick, 271; misrepre- 
sented facts, 280; deprived of 
voting, 282; petition of, 272; 
answer, 277; memorandum, 
283; protest, 296, mentioned, 
284. 
Gloss, Will., signed petition of 

Damariscotta, 293. 
Gloucester, 267, 268. 
Goff's Brook, 455, 456. 
Gooch, Gov. Sir William, 817, 318. 
Good, Thomas Jr., resided at 

Bervyrick, 429. 
Goodale, John, had care of Mary 
Smith, 400. 
Zachariah, had care of Margaret 
Smith, 452. 
Goodin "j Aaron, objected to 
Gooding J- building meeting 
GoodvyinJ house, 394; signed pe- 
tition of Berv5^ick, 249, 421; 
resided in Berwick, 428, 431, 
440. 
Adam, resided at Berwick, 428, 

433. 
Benjamin, resided at Berwick, 

440. 
Charles, resided at Berwick, 

427, 432. 
Daniel, resided at Berwick, 431. 
Deliverence, a widow, resided at 

Berwick, 440. 
Elijah, signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 421; resided at Berwick, 
429, 430. 
Elisha, signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 421; resided at Berwick, 
430. 
Henry, signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 421; resided at Berwick, 
431, 440. 
Ichabod, opposed building meet- 
ing house, 241, 394; signed pe- 
tition of Berwick, 249, 411, 421; 
resided at Berwick, 440. 
James, to settle the school mas- 
ter, 193; signed petition of 
Berwick, 421; resided at Ber- 
wick, 4.30, 440. 
John, signed petition of Ber- 



Goodwin, continued, 

wick, 421; resided at Berwick, 
431, 440. 

John Jr., resided at Berwick, 
431, 440. 

Joseph, resided at Berwick, 431, 
441. 

Miles, resided at Berwick, 430, 
441. 

Moses, objected to building new 
meeting house, 394; signed 
petition of Berwick, 411, 421. 

Moses Jr., signed petition of 
Berwick, 249, 441. 

Nathan, signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 250. 

Nathaniel, signed petition of 
Berwick, 421; resided at Ber- 
wick, 430. 

Nills, signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 421. 

Paler, signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 421. 

Solomon, resided at Berwick, 
430. 

Taylor, signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 249; resided at Berwick, 
431. 

Tealor, resided at Berwick, 441. 

Thomas, opposed building new 
meeting house, 241; signed pe- 
tition of Berwick, 249, 395, 
411; resided at Berwick, 427, 
428, 430, 431. 

Thomas Jr., signed petition of 
Berwick, 249; objected to 
building new meeting house, 
394; resided at Berwick, 441. 

William, signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 249, 421; resided at Ber- 
wick, 428, 430, 431, 433. 

William, clerk of New Marble- 
head, 140; a grantee of New 
Marblehead, 141. 

William Jr., resided at Berwick, 
428, 430. 
Goodon, Benjamin, 456. 
Goodridge, Benj., resided at Ber- 
wick, 432. 

Josiah, resided at Berwick, 432. 
Goodshei, Joshua, resided at Ber- 
wick, 428. 
Goodwin, see under Goodin. 
Goold, Moses, entitled to land in 

Falmouth, 14. 

William, signed petition of 
Township No. One, 245. 
Gordon, .James, signed petition of 

Georgia, 1.30. 
Gore, the, 460, 461. 



492 



DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 



Gorges, Sir Ferdinando, 5G. 

Gorham, Capt. , 387, 388, 389, 

4G5. 
Lieut. Col. John, letter of, 341; 

mentioned, 315, 344. 
Shubal, petition of, 223, 239. 
Gorman, John, signed petition of 

Township Xo. Seven, 237. 
Goudot, Pierre de, 370. 
Gould, King, 334. 
Gowin, Patrick, resided at Ber- 
wick, 428, 433. 
Graffam, Jacob, signed petition of 

Merriconeag, 289. 
Granary of Acadia, the, 374. 
Grand Pre, 359, 363, 
Granger, Francois, 371, 372. 
Grant 1 Alexander, resided at 
Greant J Berwick, 428, 443. 
Alexander Jr., resided at Ber- 
wick, 432. 
Daniel, resided at Berwick, 428, 

431, 440, 443. 

Daniel Jr., resided at Berwick, 
432. 

Elias, signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 250, 421; resided at Ber- 
wick, 431, 440. 

Ephrom, resided at Berwick 428. 

James Jr., resided at Berwick, 
440. 

Joshua, resided at Berwick, 431, 
441. 

Landers, resided in Berwick, 
443. 

Landon, resided in Berwick, 
428, 432. 

Lieut. Peter, selectman of Ber- 
wick, 250; as moderator, 393, 
413; resided in Berwick, 428, 

432, 441, 443; to set off the 
new parish, 434; signed peti- 
tion of Berwick, 440. 

Peter Jr., resided at Berwick, 
431, 441. 
Graves, John, entitled to land in 

Falmouth, 14. 
Gray, Daniel, signed petition of 
Berwick, 421; resided in Ber- 
wick, 430. 
James, signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 421. 
John, signed petition of Damar- 

iscotta, 293. 
Moses, signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 249, 421. 
Greant, see Grant. 
Great Island, 81. 

Great Sebascodegin, "I 216, 226, 
Great Sebashadegen, j 227, 234, 



Great Sebascodegin, continued. 

235, 460. 
Great Whale Boat Island, 229. 
Greary, Alexander, resided a^ 
Berwick, 440. 
Daniel, resided at Berwick, 440. 
Elizabeth, widow, resided at 

Berwick, 440. 
James, resided at Berwick, 440. 
Taylor, resided at Berwick, 
441. 
Green, Daniel, signed memorial of 
Small Point, 217. 
Moses, resided at Berwick, 441. 
Greenleaf, John, representative 

for Township No. One, 259. 
Greg \ James, signed London- 
Gregg j derry petition, 24. 
John, signed Londonderry peti- 
tion, 20, 24. 
Samuel, signed Londonderry 

petition, 24. 
Thomas, signed Londonderry 

petition, 24. 
William, signed Londonderry 
petition, 24. 
Griffen, Joseph, a grantee of New 

Marblehead, 141. 
Grindall, John, resided at Ber- 
wick, 427, 433. 
Grist Mill, 473. 

Grover, Josiah, of New Harbor, 
purchased land of John 
Brown, 44; insulted, impris- 
oned and vessel captured, 45, 
46, 51, 64, 87, 88; carried to 
Pemaquid, 45, 46; escaped, 46; 
complaint of, 44; his oath,' 47. 
Gubtail \ Benjamin, resided at 
Gubtal i Berwick, 427, 432. 

Nathaniel, signed call for Ber- 
wick town meeting, 395; re- 
sided at Berwick, 427, 432. 
Samuel, resided at Berwick, 428, 

433. 
Thomas, resided at Berwick, 
428, 443. 
Gulf of St. Lawrence, 9, 10, 115. 
Gulston, Ralph, contractor, 4, 41, 

42. 
Gurirason, Elihu, shipwright. 111. 
Gustin, David, entitled to land in 
Falmouth, 14. 
Ebenezer, entitled to land in 
Falmouth, 14. 
Gutredge \ Benjamin, resided at 
Guttridge j Berwick, 427. 

Josiah, resided at Berwick, 427. 
Gwin, John, signed petition of 
Township No. Seven, 237. 



INDEX 



493 



Gyles, Capt. John, once a captain, 
now an interpreter, 11, 1G3, 

170, 171; in command at St. 
Georges, 11, 68, 74, 163, 170; 
received letter from Col. Dun- 
bar, 76; in Boston, 138; knew 
Madocowando, 170; on Prov- 
ince galley, 170, 171; sailed 
eastward, 170, 171; had con- 
ference with the Penobscots, 
171; to make a declaration, 

171, 172; formally refused to 
answer questions, 171; his 
office no restraint to giving 
affidavit, 172; letters of, 212, 
214, 215; mentioned, 186. 



H 



Ha , Charles, signed petition 

of Township No. One, 245 

Ilabard, see Ilubbard. 

Haggens \ Forgus, signed petition 

Higgons J of Township No. One, 
245. 
Tilly, signed call for Berwick 
town meeting, 395; constable 
of Berwick, 411, 413; resided 
at Berwick, 427, 432. 

Haines, Capt. Samuel, signed peti- 
tion for Biddeford, 245; clerk 
of the proprietors, 245. 
Timothy, signed petition of 
Township No. One, 245. 

Hale, Daniel, moderator, 259. 

Hales, Capt. Joseph, innholder, 
259; town meeting at his 
house, 259, 264, 265. 

Halifax, see Chebucto. 

Hall, Ebenezer, entitled land in 
Falmouth, 13; resided at Small 
Point, 215. 
Isaac, signed petition of Merri- 
coneag, 207. 

Hamble, Samuel, leader of vio- 
lence, 47. 

Hamilton ~| 

Hambleton l , a soldier, 45. 

Hambton J 
Abial, resided at Berwick, 427, 

428, 429. 

Benj., resided at Berwick, 427, 

432. 
Gabrial, resided at Berwick, 428, 

429, 432, 443. 

John, resided at Berwick, 428, 

432. 
Jonathan, resided at Berwick, 

431, 440. 



Hamilton, continued. 

Joseph, resided at Berwick, 427, 

433. 
Judith, widow, resided at Ber- 
wick, 440. 

Hammond, Maj. , 23. 

John, signed petition of Merri- 
coneag, 289. 
Handy, Henry, signed petition of 

Township No. Seven, 237. 
Hardison ") John, resided at Ber- 
Hardsom j wick, 429. 
Stephen, resided at Berwick, 

429, 433. 

Harmon, John, signed petition of 
Township No. One, 245. 
Capt. John, of York, 291. 
Nathaniel, signed petition of 

Township No. One, 245. 
Samuel, signed petition of Town- 
ship No. One, 245. 

Harnden, Samuel, signed petition 
for Georgia, 130. 

Harrington, Lord, 298. 

Harris, Stephen, to attend to build- 
ing a new meeting house, 393. 

Harsman, Benj., resided at Ber- 
wick, 433. 

Hart, Jos., selectman of Berwick, 
250, 396, 409, 412; resided at 
Berwick, 427, 432. 

Haskell, Thomas, to take a list of 
the Falmouth claimants, 13; 
report of, 14. 

Haverhill, 18, 19. 

Hawkes, Ebenezer, a grantee of 
New Marblehead, 141. 
Ebenezer Jr., a grantee of New 
Marblehead, 140. 

Hays, Richard, signed petition of 
Merricoueag, 288, 446, 461. 
Ruben, resided in Berwick, 428. 

Heagarty, Thomas, 461. 

Heard, , signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 421. 

Hearl, Atherton, signed petition 
for Berwick, 250. 

Etherington, signed petition for 
Berwick, 421; resided at Ber- 
wick, 430, 440. 

Gilbert, signed petition for Ber- 
wick, 250; resided at Berwick, 

430, 440. 

James, resided at Berwick, 430. 

Richard, resided at Berwick, 
427, 432. 

Thomas, signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 249, 421; resided at Ber- 
wick, 441. 



494 



DOCUMENTAHY HISTOIiY 



Hearl, continued. 

Thomas Jr., resided at Berwick, 
430, 441. 

Heath. Col. , 454, 467. 

Capt. Joseph, iu command at 
Eichmond, G9, 70, 110; as a 
messenger for Tailer, 70; re- 
ported Dunbar's answer, 70, 
77; letter of, 137. 

Henderson, Mr. , 285. 

Joseph, resided at Berwick, 427, 
432. 

Hendly, Benj., a grantee of New 
Marblehead, 140. 

Henniker, John, mast contractor, 
405. 

Henry, Robert, 451. 

Hickey, William, signed petition 
of Township No. Seven, 237. 

Hides, 209. 

Higginson, John, petition of, 179; 
answer, 195, 203; mentioned, 
173, 174, 175, 176, 182, 200. 
Higgon, see Haggens. 
Highland families to be brought 

'' over, 349, 353, 354. 
Hight, William, opposed building 
new meeting house, 241; 
signed Berwick petitions, 249, 
421; resided at Berwick, 430, 
441. 

Hill, , brother of John, 392. 

Elisha, opposed building new 
meeting house, 241, 394; 
signed petition of Berwick, 
249; resided at Berwick, 431, 
440. 
John, disqualified, 176; signed 
North Yarmouth petition, 219, 
221; opposed building new 
meeting house,241, 394; signed 
petition of Berwick, 249, 411, 
421; proprietor in North Yar- 
mouth, 392; resided at Ber- 
wick, 430, 440. 
Jhme, 450. 

Joseph, signed report concern- 
ing Falmouth, 146. 
Thomas, signed North Y"ar- 
rnouth petition, 219, 221. 
Hinckley I Capt. Aaron, surveyor, 
Hinkley (295; in command at 
B'ort George, 408; letter of, 408. 
Richard Jr., signed petition of 

Berwick, 421. 
Samuel, selectman of Bruns- 
wick, 273, 275, 277, 280, 281, 
282, 295. 
Samuel Jr., constable, 295. 



Hinckley, continued, 

Shubel, tything man of Bruns- 
wick, 295. 
Hinsdell, Ebenezer, missionary to 
Indians, 130, 137. 
Fort, 425. 
Hiscock, John, signed Damaris- 

cotta petition, 293. 
Hobbs, Henry, resided in Berwick, 
429. 
Thomas, resided in Berwick, 
428, 429. 
Hobby, Sir Charles, 197. 
Ilobson, John, speaker and justice 
of the peace, 208, 219, 221, 222, 
223, 233, 234, 236, 238, 260. 
Capt. John, to lay out land for a 
new town, 139. 
Hodgdon, see under Hodsdon. 
Hodge, Nicholas, 194. 
Hodsdon ) Benjamin, to attend to 
Ilosdon 5 building a new meeting 
house, 393; signed call for 
town meeting, 395; resided at 
Berwick, 432, 443. 
Daniel, resided at Berwick, 440. 
Isreal, resided at Berwick, 429. 
John, objected to building new 
meeting house, 394; signed 
Berwick petition, 421; resided 
at Berwick, 431, 440. 
John Jr., signed Berwick peti- 
tion, 249. 
Joseph, opposed building new 
meeting house, 241; signed 
Berwick petition, 249, 421; re- 
sided at Berwick, 431, 440. 
Joseph Jr., resided at Berwick, 

431, 441. 
Joshua, resided at Berwick, 427, 

432. 
Moses, selectman, 390, 409, 412; 
resided at Berwick, 427, 432; 
signed petition, 434. 
Richard, signed petition, 249; 
resided at Berwick, 431, 441. 
Samuel, signed petition, 249; re- 
sided at Berwick, 431, 441. 
Samuel Jr., signed petition, 249; 

resided at Berwick, 441. 
Stephen, resided at Berwick, 429. 
Thomas, signed Berwick peti- 
tions, 249, 421; objected to 
building new meeting house, 
394; resided at Berwick, 431, 
441. 
Hodskins, Philip, entitled to land 

in Falmouth, 13. 
Hog Island, 142. 
Holbrook, Saml., 467. 



INDEX 



495 



Holies, pee I^ev/castle, Duke of. 
Holmes \ Abraham, of London- 
Homes J derry, 20. 

John, of Berwick, 428, 432. 
Samuel, oi Berwick, 428, 432. 
Thomas, of Berwick, 428, 432. 
William, constable of Berwick, 
395, .396, 428. 

Holt, Mr. , 269. 

Holyoke, Eev. Edward, a grantee 

of New Marblehead, 141. 
Homan, John, a grantee of New 

Marblehead, 141. 
Hooper, John, opposed building 
new meeting house, 241; re- 
sided at Berwick, 440. 
John Jr., opposed building new 
meeting house, 241; resided 
at Berwick, 440. 
Robert Jr., a grantee of New 

Marblehead, 141. 
Thomas, entitled to land at Fal- 
mouth, 14. 
Hope, Henry, agreement with 
John and Thomas Perkins, GO, 
61, 63. 
Hopkins, John, signed petition of 

Township No. Seven, 237. 
Horsmer, Benj., resided at Ber- 

Avick, 427. 
Hosdon, see Hodsdon. 
Houghton, RowM., signed North 
Yarmouth petition, 219, 221. 
Howard, Abraham, petitioned for 
Marblehead, 139; a grantee of 
New Marblehead, 141. 
Joseph, a grantee of New Mar- 
blehead, 141. 
William, signed petition of 
Township No. Seven, 237. 

Hubbard, Mr. , 467. 

John, of Berwick, 441. 
Joseph, signed Berwick petition, 
249, 421; objected to building 
new meeting house, 394; re- 
sided at Berwick, 431, 440. 
Nathaniel, claimed land in Geor- 
gia, 20; associated with Lev- 
eret, 120. 
Philip, opposed building new 
meeting house, 241; signed 
Berwick petitions, 249, 411, 
421; resided at Berwick, 431, 
441. 
Huchings, see Hutchings. 
Hudson's River, 32. 
Hull, Ebenezer, signed memorial 

of Small Point, 217. 
Humphry, Ebr., signed Merrico- 
neag petition, 288. 



Hunewell, Isreal, of Berwick, 426. 
Hunt, Daniel, signed Berwick pe- 
tition, 249. 
Hupper, John, signed Berwick 
petition, 250; resided at Ber- 
wick, 431. 

John Jr., signed Berwick peti- 
tion, 249; resided at Berwick, 
430. 

Samuel, of Berwick, 428, 432. 

Soloman, of Berwick, 431. 

William, of Berwick, 427, 433. 
Hursom, John, of Berwick, 427. 
Hutchings, David, of Arundel, 270. 

Simeon, of Arundel, 271. 
Hutchinson, Mr. , 45, 333. 

Col. Edward, claimed land, 89; 
heir of Maj. Thomas Clark, 90; 
Dunbar on laud belonging to, 
00; sent Watts as agent to set- 
tle his land, 91, 108; advanced 
money to Watts, 92; Dunbar 
prevented settlement of, 92, 
93; his land purchase con- 
firmed by charters, 93; asked 
that Dunbar be instructed not 
to meddle, 93, 94; settlers held 
land by a grant from, 108, 110; 
as justice of the peace, 183. 

T., speaker, 358, 407, 415, 422, 
442, 444, 454, 455, 457, 459. 



Iberkat, Petkr, signed petition 
of Georgia, 130. 

Ilsley, Isaac, to settle school mas- 
ter, 193; signed answer to 
Higginson's petition, 205. 

Impressment of seamen, 217, 218. 

India, 51. 

Indians, the, sent letter to Dun- 
bar, 5, 11; sent to Canada for 
opinion about new settlers, 5, 
11; advised to live well with 
the English, 5; Gyles learned 
their language, 11; Dunbar 
desired to be better acquainted 
with, 11; trade with, 27, 71, 
75; better to give presents to, 
than to reduce them, 30; Dun- 
bar gave presents to, 31; Fred- 
ericksburg a barrier to, 31; 
had a right to sell land, 39, 
40; objected to settlements 
near Penobscot, 41; destroyed 
Falmouth, .53, 55; Belcher sent 
presents to, 69, 72; at Georges 
River, 70; met the delegation 
from Massachusetts, 70, 71, 74, 



496 



DOCTJMENTARY HISTORY 



Indians, continued. 

75, 77; desired blankets, 71; 
house for the reception of, 72; 
Dunhar sent letter concerning 
trade with, 75; reported the 
Richmond meeting to Dunbar, 
77; attempts to set them 
against Dunbar, 77, 79; invad- 
ed county of Devon, (167G), 
01; Killed Thomas Lake, 91; 
destroyed the settlement a 
a second time, 91 ; continually 
at war with the English, 91, 
106, 111, 381, 384, 385, 386; 
drove the settlers from Ar- 
rowsic (1722) but left houses 
standing, 92, 110; land titles 
from confirmed by charters, 
93, 120, 127; with the French 
at Casco, 97; drove people 
from Pemaquid and destroyed 
the fort, 101, 115; in the 
interest of the French, 101, 
309, 315, 329, 337, 462; the 
country left to, 102; Dummer's 
treaty with, 109; destroyed 
house at Georgetown, 110; 
destroyed Sheepscot, 112; set- 
tlements repeatedly destroyed 
by, 112; Pemaquid no bridle 
to, 116; land titles from invo- 
coble, 120, 127; hindered Lev- 
eret's settlers, 122, 127; at- 
tacked (1721) a block house 
and burnt a sloop, 122; Steph- 
en Parker a missionary to, 
131; few atFortDummer, 135; 
religious meeting with Hins- 
dale, 136; a child of one to be 
baptised, 186; go to Canada 
for religious instruction, 137; 
house being built for the 
Mohawks, 137; desired sup- 
plies, 138; for commissioners, 
141, 142, 143; witnessed sale 
of land to Phipp, (1694), 149, 
154, 157, 158, 159, 160, 166; 
well known to Southack, 150; 
received ammunition, assist- 
ance, and presents from the 
French, 151, 187, 335, 357, 462, 
463; claimed that Madoka- 
wando had no right to sell 
land, 154; Nicholson's con- 
quest a good title against, 154; 
to be assured of governmental 
protection of the settlers, 155; 
land shall be rightfully pur- 
chased from, 156, 157; glad 
to have seen Madocowando's 



Indians, continued. 

deed, 166; confirmed the deed, 
166; to be notified to attend 
the General Court, 169; con- 
ference with Gyles, (1735), 
171; satisfied with proposed 
settlements, 171; threatened 
Falmouth, 172, 173; complain- 
ed of obstructions in the river, 
173; complained of Noyes, 
185, 186; allowance to run to, 
186; dissatisfied with the gov- 
ernor and Waldo, 187; pre- 
pared for war, 187, 190; to be 
watched, 190; will be discour- 
aged, 191; why they went to 
Canada, 212, 213; not uneasy 
because of English settle- 
ments, 213; not to have war 
with the English, 213, 215; to 
have a friar from France, 213; 
advised to send representa- 
tives to visit Belcher, 213; 
met by Shirley, 251; inter- 
married with the French, 251; 
French influence over, 251, 
252, 384, 386, 425; a trading 
house to hold their good will, 
251, 339, 348, 387, 402, 403; 
delayed treaty making, 252; 
attempted to treat under 
French colors, 252; carried 
letter to Canada, 299; small 
pox among, 300; in the rear of 
Fepperrell's forces, 302, 303; 
at Annapolis, 304; at Minas, 
312, 375, 381; to assist the 
English, 329, 332; the Iro- 
quois, on the point of joining 
the French, 329, 330; attacked 
the frontier, 329, 330; proposal 
to pay, 330; attempt to em- 
broil them in a quarrel, 330, 
331; depended on Nova Scotia, 
338; the subjection of, 339, 
340; mortality at Cape Sable, 
345; priests to be kept for, 
348; French exiles would join, 
349; attacked Minas, 375, 381; 
open enemies of the English, 
381,386; will destroy growing 
masts, 384; harrass the Eng- 
lish, 384, 385; the Six Nations 
receive message from Canada, 
386; turned against the Eng- 
lish, 386; could be controlled 
by a fort near Bay Vert, 387 ; 
a few could block a fort, 387; 
more terrible than soldiers, 
387 ; difficulty in dealing with, 



INDEX 



497 



Indians, continued. 

390; captured men at George- 
town, 396; hung about the 
garrisons, 397, 398; Canada 
men talked of joining, 398; 
depredations on the frontiers, 
401; hostilities of Penobscots 
and those from Canada, 402; 
captured William Kent, 407, 
408; a fort should be built 
while at war with, 425; dis- 
posed for peace, 454, 459, 461, 
462; to be bought to Boston, 
454, 459; allied with the 
French, 462; may proceed to 
violence, 462; subjects of 
Great Britain, 462; treacher- 
ous, 463; captured by Gor- 
ham, 465; mentioned 09, 119, 
120, 122, 150, 153 155, 158, 161, 
163, 165, 212, 215, 261, 267, 290, 
299, 320, 336, 340, 349, 350, 
352,353; see also under Tribes. 
Cape Sable, 345, 403. 
Eastern, 69, 123, 165, 459. 
French, 329, 330, 331, 334, 375. 
Southern, 213. 

Indies, the, 322. 

Ingalls, Samuel, signed petition of 
Township No. One, 243. 
William, a grantee of New Mar- 
blehead, 141. 

Ingersoll, Benjamin, entitled to 
land in Falmouth, 13. 

Ipswich, 264, 290. 

Ireland, 19, 24, 51, 104, 117, 177, 
354. 

Irish, the, disturb New Ilarbor 
proprietors, 45, 46; name given 
to people of new settlement, 
51; not to be removed from 
Fredericksburg, 67; expected 
as settlers, 169; in the army, 
339; could be trusted in Nova 
Scotia, 354. 
James, entitled to land in Fal- 
mouth, 13. 

Iron, 35, 41, 51, 381. 

Iroquois, the, 329, 331. 

Isles of Shoals, people of very poor, 
142; ammunition needed at, 
142; can't pay tax, 143. 

Iveamy, Giles, a grantee of New 
Marblehead, 141. 



Jacobs, George, had care of 
Margaret Smith, 452. 



Jacobs, continued. 
William, entitled to land in Fal- 
mouth, 14. 
Jacques, Kichard, signed petition 
of Merriconeag, 207, 289; men- 
tioned, 216, 220, 221, 227. 
Jaffrey, Geo., justice, 97, 99, 100. 
Jamaica, 38. 
James I, 127. 
II, 101; see also York, Duke of. 
Benj. Jr., a grantee of New Mar- 
blehead, 140. 
Jameson, Samuel, signed petition 

of Arundel, 270. 
Jeffries, John, an associate of Lev- 
eret, 121. 
Jekyl, John, collector, 52. 
Jellison, see Jillison. 
Jenner, Thos., justice of the peace, 

150. 
Jernot, Francjois, 370. 
Jerseys, the, 319, 354, 377. 
Jesuit, 215; see also Friars and 

Priests. 
Jillison, Alexander, of Berwick, 
440. 
Joseph, signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 250; resided at Berwick, 
430, 440, 441. 
Joseph Jr., of Berwick, 430. 
Thomas, signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 421; resided at Berwick, 
430, 441. 

Jones, Capt. , an Indian, 70. 

Cornelius, signed Damariscotta 

petition, 293. 
John, of Berwick, 428, 433. 
John Jr., of Berwick, 421. 
Nathaniel, land demised to, 179; 
letter of, 174; deposition of, 
182; oath of, 183. 
Phineas, to go to Boston, as 
representative c>f Falmouth, 
201, 205; presented petition 
for Falmouth, 201, 202; letter 
of, 201. 
Jordan, Dominicus, entitled to 
land in Falmouth, 18; signed 
petition of Falmouth, 263; 
captain of Falmouth Com- 
pany, 291. 
Natheniel, entitled to land in 
Falmouth, 13. 
Josap, an Indian, 143. 
Jose, Martyn, signed petition of 

Township No. One, 245. 
Joy, Benjamin, signed petition of 
Township No. One, 245. 
Ephraim, signed petition of Ber- 



33 



498 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Joy, continued. 

wick, 421; resided at Berwick, 
426, 431, 440. 
Nathaniel, signed call for Ber- 
wick town meeting, 395; re- 
sided in Berwick, 427, 432. 

K 

Kees ) John, signed call for Ber- 
Keey ( wick town meeting, 895; 
resided in Berwick, 427, 432. 
Peter, signed call for Berwick 
town meeting, 395; resided in 
Berwick, 427, 432. 
William, to select site for meet- 
ing house, 200; to attend to 
building meeting house, 393; 
resided in Berwick, 427, 432. 
Kelly, Roger, petition of, 142; en- 
tertained soldiers, 142; desired 
ammunition, 142. 
Kennebec, 33, 64. 

River, 11, 27, 37, 79, 101, 103, 

104, 105, 108, 109, 113, 115, 

117, 118, 125, 128, 129, 130, 

131, 168, 228. 

Kennebunk, 60, 448, 449, 455, 468. 

Ferry, 472. 

River, 448, 449, 450, 456, 471. 
Kenny, Dinith, signed petition of 

Township No. Seven, 237. 
Kent, County, Eng., 21. 

William, captured, 407, 408. 
Kid, Matthew, of Londonderry, 24. 

Kilby, Mr. , 260; letter of, 298. 

Kimball, Cheney, 453. 
Nathaniel, 456. 
Richard, 457. 
Thomas, 457. 
King, Edward, surveyor, 447. 
Kittery, 176, 188, 189, 285, 287, 

392, 438. 
Knight, Grindel, of Berwick, 432, 
443. 
John, of Berwick, 428, 432, 443. 
Nathan, signed petition of 
Township No. One, 245. 
Knowles, Gov. Sir Charles, letter 
of, 361; mentioned, 335, 347, 
348, 349, 362, 365, 366, 368, 
373, 377, 379, 387, 889. 



L , Jeremiah, of Berwick, 

429. 

Laborde, Capt. , 25, 27. 

Lake, Sir Bibye, claimed land, 89; 

Dunbar on his land, 90; peti- 



Lake, continued. 

tion of, 90; sent Watts to re- 
settle his land, 91, 108, 109; 
advanced money to Watts, 92; 
Dunbar interfered with, 92, 
93; his purchases confirmed 
by charters, 93; desired that 
Dunbar be restrained, 93, 94; 
settlers held land by his sale, 
108, 110; expense of, 127; men- 
tioned, 113. 
Mary (Goodyear), widow of 
Capt. Thomas, assisted Maj. 
Clark in resettling, 91. 
Capt. Thomas, ancestor of Sir 
Bibye, 89, 90; killed by In- 
dians, 91; his widow assisted 
Maj. Clark, 91. 

Lamb, Edward, signed petition of 
Township No. Seven, 237. 
Richard, signed petition of 

Township No. Seven, 237. 
Samuel, signed petition of Town- 
ship No. Seven, 237. 
William, signed petition of 
Township No, Seven, 237. 

Land Bank, the, 256, 256, 257. 

Lane, Capt. John, 291; garrison 
of, 296. 

Larmous, Capt. , 296. 

LaiTabee \ Capt. Benjamin, enti- 

Larreby /tied to land in Fal- 
mouth, 13; in command at 
Brunswick, 69; gave report of 
ammunition at Fort George, 
73; town clerk of Brunswick, 
271, 272, 273, 294, 295, 296; 
moderator, 273; summoned to 
court, 275; petitioned for 
Brunswick, 281; to warn the 
people of town meeting, 281, 
282; death of, 408; letters of, 
143, 224; mentioned, 277, 280, 
283. 
Nathaniel, proposed for com- 
mander at Brunswick, 409. 
Capt, Stephen, of Wells, 447, 
457. 

Lean, Henry, signed petition of 
Township No. Seven, 237. 
John, signed petition of Town- 
ship No. Seven, 237. 

Learreby, see Larrabee. 

Leaward Islands, the, 365. 

Lee, Samuel, a grantee of New 
Marblehead, 140. 

Leighton, John, 145. 

Leonard, Capt. , 238. 

George, 283, 284. 

Leslie, James, 20. 



INDEX 



499 



Lesuse, Mathew, 457. 
Letters of, 

Bedford, Duke of, 388. 
Belcher, Jonathan, 5, 85. 
Bollan, W., 381. 
Bradstreet, John, 300. 
Cargill, Capt. David, 360, 368. 
Clinton, Gov. George, 389, 
Denny, Samuel, 397. 
Dunbar, Col. David, 1, 11, 25, 29, 

59, 68, 65, 75, 76, 77, 96, 134. 
Dwight, Joseph, 390. 
Emery, Noah, 173, 175, 176. 
Frost, Charles, 190. 
Frost, Simon, 392. 
Gaines, John, 290. 
General Court, the, 311. 
Govham, John, 341. 
Gyles, John, 212, 214, 215. 
Heath, Joseph, 137. 
Hinkley, Aaron, 408. 
Hinsdell, Ebenezer, 135. 
Jones, Nathaniel, 174. 
Jones, Phineas, 201. 

Kilby, Mr. , 298. 

Knowles, Charles, 361. 

Larrabee, Benjamin, 143, 224. 

Littell, James, 269. 

Look, Nathan, 174. 

McCobb, James, 396. 

Minas, 358. 

Minot, John, 141. 

Moody, Samuel, 407. 

Motley, Patt, 268. 

Moulton, Jer., 291. 

Murphy, John, 289. 

Noyes, John, 186. 

Oulton, Jo., 298. 

Pelham, T. and others, 94, 134. 

Pepperrell, William, 189, 191, 

192, 287, 291, 300, 301, 305, 308, 

324, 425. 
Plaisted, Joseph, 258, 269. 
Ramsay, 359. 
Rutherford, Robert, 306. 
Saunders, Thomas, 217. 
Savage, Arthur, 214, 231. 
Shirley, William, 251, 255, 260, 

290, 296, 297, 312, 316, 327, 343, 

362, 368, 373, 461. 
Shirreff, 334. 
Sparhawk, N., 286. 
Tailer, William, 76. 
Waldo, Samuel, 291. 
Westbrook, Thomas, 15, 172. 
Westmoreland, Lord, 17, 131, 

132. 
Wheeler, Henry, 188. 
Willard, Josiah, 185, 189, 316, 

451. 



Leveret, John, heir of Thomas, 
118, 119; his heir, 119; his 
land sold by Madakowando to 
Phipps, 119; purchased of 
Phipps, 119, 120; formed an 
association, 129; offered his 
garrison to the government, 
155, 159. 
Thomas, entitled to grant, 118; 
his heir, 119. 

Levies, see Soldiers. 

Lewis, Job, signed petition of Mer- 
riconeag, 206; signed petition 
of North Yarmouth, 219; 
signed petition of Small Point, 
233; signed petition to include 
islands to Brunswick, 234, 235; 
mentioned, 221. 
John, of Berwick, 432. 

Lewisburg, see Louisbourg. 

Libby, Benjamin, (Deacon), to at- 
tend to building new meeting 
house, 240, 250, 393; signed 
call for town meeting, 395; re- 
sided at Berwick, 432. 
Benjamin, (Dr.), resided at Ber- 
wick, 427. 
Charles, of Berwick, 427, 432. 
Daniel, signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 421; resided at Berwick, 

427, 430, 432, 440. 

Daniel Jr., signed call for Ber- 
wick town meeting, 395. 

Jonathan, signed petition of 
Township No. One, 245. 

Joseph, of Berwick, 427, 432. 

Josiah, signed petition of Town- 
ship No. One, 245. 

Nathaniel, resided at Berwick, 

428, 433. 
Lighthouse, J., 109. 
Limehouse, Eng., 105, 111. 
Limerick, Lord, same as Dongon, 

Col. Thomas, 104. 

Limestone, 74. 

Lincoln, Jonathan, school kept in 
his house, 193. 
Joshua, signed Merriconeag pe- 
tition, 288. 

Lindall, James, 54. 

Lindsey "I John, signed petition of 

Linsay J settlers of Georgia, 130; 
signed petition of Merri- 
coneag, 207. 

Linscot, Ichabod, signed petition 
of Damariscotta, 293. 

Lithgo, William, impressment of, 
217. 

Little, Capt. , 444. 



500 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Little, continued. 

Archibald, signed petition of 
Township No. Seven, 237. 

James, signed petition of Town- 
ship No. Seven, 237. 

Eiver, 455. 

Sebascodegin Island, 216, 226, 
234, 235, 236, 445. 
Littlefield, Francis, had the care 
of Margaret Smith, 452, 453. 

Hannah, had the care of Marga- 
ret Smith, 400, 453. 

Samuel, 400, 457. 

Livermore, Mr. , 176. 

Logs, 38, 175. 

London, 28, 29, 38, 47, 101, 105, 
106, 108, 109, 110, 128, 405. 

Court of St. James, 66. 

Kensington, 163. 

New Castle, 86. 

Whitehall, 15, 17, 20, 89, 94, 131, 
134, 185. 
Londonderry, narrative concerning 
the boundaries of, 18; inroads 
of the people of Haverhill, 19; 
petition of the inhabitants of, 
23; people from Ireland at, 24; 
people of desired to go to 
Fredericksburg, 2-1; Massachu- 
setts encroached upon, 24. 
Longfellow, Stephen, town clerk 
of Falmouth, 146, 192, 193, 
195. 
Longly, James, signed petition of 

Damariscotta, 293. 
Longope, de — , 370. 
Look, Nathan, letter of, 174. 
Lord, , constable, 430. 

Mr. , 38. 

Aaron, signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 249, 421; resided at Ber- 
wick, 431, 440. 

Abraham, opposed building a 
new meeting house, 241, 394; 
signed petition of Berwick, 
249, 411, 421; resided at Ber- 
wick, 427, 431, 440. 

Abraham Jr., resided at Ber- 
wick, 431, 4.32, 440. 

Abraham third, signed petition 
of Berwick, 421. 

Adam, signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 249. 

Benjamin, signed petition of 
Berwick, 249, 250; resided at 
Berwick, 426, 431, 440. 

Benjamin, of Wells, 457. 
Charles, of Berwick, 440. 

Ebeuezer, of Berwick, 427, 433. 

Jabez, of Berwick, 429. 



Lord, continued. 

James, of Berwick, 250, 421, 430, 
440. 

James Jr., of Berwick, 429. 

John, opposed building meeting 
house, 241, 394; signed peti- 
tion of Berwick, 249, 411, 421; 
resided at Berwick, 427, 431, 
440. 

John Jr., objected to building 
new meetinghouse, 394; sign- 
ed petition of Berwick, 411, 
421; resided at Berwick, 427, 
429, 431. 

John, third, signed petition of 
Berwick, 421; resided at Ber- 
wick, 441. 

Joseph, of Berwick, 429. 

Joshua, of Berwick, 429. 

Moses, resided at Berwick, 427, 
432. 

Nathan, signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 249, 411, 421; objected 
to building a new meeting 
house, 394; resided at Ber- 
wick, 427, 431, 441. 

Nathan Jr., signed petition of 
Berwick, 421; resided at Ber- 
wick, 431, 441. 

Nathan, third, signed petition 
of Berwick, 421; resided at 
Berwick, 430, 431. 

Nicholas, of Berwick, 431. 

Capt. Richard, opposed building 
new meeting house, 241; 
signed petition of Berwick, 
409, 412, 431, 441. 

Samuel, opposed building new 
meeting house, 241, 394; sign- 
ed petition of Berwick, 249. 
411,421; mentioned 427, 430, 
431. 

Samuel Jr., opposed building a 
new meeting house, 241, 394; 
signed petition of Berwick 
431, 441. 

Simon, of Berwick, 249. 

Stephen, of Berwick, 429. 

Thomas, signed petition of Ber- 
wick 249, 421; resided at Ber- 
wick, 428, 431,441. 

Tobias, of Berwick, 441. 
Loring, Rev. Nicholas, 399, 404, 

446. 
Loron, an Indian, 5, 11, 74. 
Louisbourg, 300, 301, 304, 305, .309, 
310, 314, 317, 318, 319, 320, 
821, 322, 325, 327, 328, 329, 
332, 334, 335, 337, 347, 361, 
362, 305, 366, 371, 374, 380, 



INDEX 



601 



Louisbourg, continued. 

383, 468; expedition, 301, 305. 
Circular Battery, 303. 
Garrison at, 817, 319, 324, 325, 

326, 336, 389. 
Intendent, 321. 
Lovit, Simon, entitled to land in 

Falmouth, 14. 
Lowell, Gideon, entitled to land 

in Falmouth, 13. 
Loyd, Roberta, an associate of 

Leveret's, 120. 
Lumber, 38, 175. 
Lydius, John Henry, employed by 

Shirley, 330, 331, 334. 
Lyon, Gamaliel, soldier, 408. 
L— , Jeremiah, of Berwick, 429. 

M 

M. , signed petition of Town- 
ship No. One, 243. 

Maberry, William, a grantee of 
New Marblehead, 141. 

Mace, Thomas, of Londonderry, 
24. 

McCanny, Daniel, of Berwick, 430, 
440. 

McClenachan, William, petitioned 
on behalf of the Presbyterians, 
210. 

McCobb, James, letter of, 396. 
Samuel, signed petition of Geor- 
gia, 130. 

McFarland, James, signed petition 
of Georgia, 130. 
John, constable of Brunswick, 
212. 

McGomery, Col. , dead, 29, 

Macgray, William, of Merriconeag, 
445. 

McGregor, Alex,, of Londonderry, 
24. 
David, of Londonderry, 24. 
Thomas, of Merriconeag, 288. 

McKeen, James, of Londonderry, 
20. 

Mackeney, Daniel, of Berwick, 
430, 440. 

Mackerbedudus, 186. 

McKewn, John, signed petition of 
Township No. Seven, 237. 
Robert, signed petition of Town- 
ship No. Seven, 237. 

Mackill, James, of Berwick, 433. 

McKinney, Matthew, signed peti- 
tion of Georgia, 130. 

Mackneall, James, of Berwick, 427. 

Macknees, William, signed peti- 
tion of Merriconeag, 207, 289. 



Mackorty, Caleb, of Berwick, 428. 

Macmurphy, John, of London- 
derry, 20. 

McNeill, John, of Londonderry, 24. 

Mcphetres, John, signed petition 
of Georgia, 130. 

Mc , Thomas, signed peti- 
tion of Merriconeag, 207. 

Maddock, John, 457. 

Madocawando ) sold Leveret's 

Madakowando / land to Phipps, 
119, 120, 149, 151, 157, 162, 165; 
chief of the Penobscots, 149, 
150; paid in silver, 150, 158, 
159,160; well known to South- 
ack, 150; date of his death, 
150; his successor, 150; re- 
ceived arms and other pres- 
ents from the French, 151; his 
daughter married St. Castine, 
151; not chief of the Penob- 
scots, 154; had no right to sell 
land to Phipps, 154; no other 
sagamore pretended to be 
chief, 154, 159; had right to 
sell land, 157, 158; well known 
to Gyles, 170; sold captives to 
Gyles, 171; Gyles to make a 
declaration concerning, 171, 
172. 

Madomock, garrison at, 290. 

Maghill, Stei)hen, 265. 

Magrat, William, 401. 

Magray. William, 207, 288. 

Maine, Province of, under the gov- 
ernment of Massachusetts, 1, 
113, 114; a boundary of Fred- 
ericksburg, 7; order relating 
to land grants in, 10; mast 
trees of, 33; the proprietors of 
to forward settlements in, 55; 
the people of preferred that 
courts be held in New Hamp- 
shire, 97; a place of pine trees, 
97; counterfeit bills in, 451; 
mentioned, 22, 65, 101, 103, 
230, 286. 

Mains, Robert, entitled to land in 
Falmouth, 14. 

Majestracy, Dunbar, desired to 
form, 5, 11. 

Major, Brorja, of Arundel, 270. 

Majory, Joseph, a grantee of New 
Marblehead, 141. 

Makan, David, signed petition of 
Georgia, 130. 

Makiam, Michal, signed petition 
of Georgia, 130. 

Malcome, John, signed petition of 
Georgia, 130. 



602 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Malune, Samuel, captured by 

Indians, 396. 
Man, Jeremiah, a soldier, 408. 
Manning, Patrick, signed petition 
of Berwick, 421; resided at 
Berwick, 430, 431. 
Mansfield, Isaac, a grantee of New 

Marblehead, 141. 
Manufactory Company, the, 255. 
Manufacturers, 35, 41, 51, 322, 323. 
Maples, 74. 
Maquawomba, 142. 
Marblehead, the inhabitants of 
straitened, 139; people of form 
a new township, 139. 

Fort at, 70, 82, 85. 
March, Capt. John, in command 
at Pemaquid, 102; desired to 
be discharged, 102. 
Mare Point, 198, 199. 
Mariner \ Adam, entitled to land 
Marriner / in Falmouth, 14. 

James, entitled to land in Fal- 
mouth, 54. 

John, entitled to land in Fal- 
mouth, 13. 
Marks of, 

Abbot, Ebenezer, 249. 

Barns, Nathaniel, 288. 

Black, William, 289. 

Black, William Jr., 289. 

Blanc, Jas. C, 371, 372. 

Bragdon, Thos., 249. 

Burkes, John, 456. 

Carman, Francis, 289. 

Cosens, Ichabod Jr., 457. 

Crumwell, Joshua, 288. 

Oussens, Ichabod, 458. 

Emery, Job, 421. 

Gillison, Thomas, 421. 

Goodin, Nathan, 250. 

Goodin, Taylor, 249. 

Goodon, Benjamin, 456. 

Goodwin, Elijah, 421. 

Goodwin, Nathaniel, 421. 

Goodwin, Paler, 421. 

Goodwin, William, 421. 

Goudot, Pierre, 370. 

Granger, Francois, 371, 372. 

Hamond, John, 289, 

Hays. Richard, 288. 

Hearl, Atherton, 250. 

Hearl, Etherington, 421. 

Hearl, Thos., 249, 421. 

Hunt, Daniel, 249. 

Lesuse, Mathew, 457. 

Longope, , 370. 

Lord, Nathan, 249. 

Lord, Samuel, 249. 

McNees, William, 289. 



Marks of, continued. 
Magrat, William, 288. 
Mason, John, 249. 
Mason, Jos., 421. 
Mason, Noah, 421. 
Mason, Richard, 250, 421. 
Orr, John, 207. 
Pilasen, John, 467. 
Spencer, F,, 421. 
Thomas, David, 217. 
Thomas, William, 217. 
Wakefield, James, 456. 
Wakefield, Nathaniel, 457. 
Wchit, Charles, 456. 
Whaline, Patrick, 289. 
Marmon, Park S., of Berwick, 429. 
Maquoit, 228. 
Bay, 197, 198. 
Garrison, 296. 
Marshall, Grace, entitled to land 

in Falmouth, 54. 
Martha's Vineyard, transports 

driven ashore on, 345. 
Marthous, Capt. Robert, 191, 1S2. 
Martin, Thomas, signed petition 
of Township No. Seven, 237. 

Marwood, Capt. , 2, 4. 

Mary, Queen, 101, 102,125, 127, 400. 

Mascarene, Gov. Paul, 313, 322, 

340, 342, 344, 345, 347, 355, 358, 

360, 364, 369, 374, 376, 379, 461, 

462, 463, 464. 

Mascongus. see Muscongus. 

Mason, Capt, David, witnessed 

Phipps purchase, (1694), 149. 

Jonas, deposition of, 403; oath 

of, 404. 
Thad., (deputy surveyor), 140, 
149. 
Massachusetts Bay, Province of, 
9, 17, 19, 20, 22, 24, 27, 44, 50, 
53, 54, 60, 66, 67, 68, 71, 76, 78, 
88, 92, 93, 97, 99, 101, 102, 103, 
104, 106, 107, 108, 110, 111, 
112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 118, 
119, 123, 124, 125, 131, 134, 
138, 139, 142, 144, 146, 149, 
152, 162, 164, 170, 179, 184, 
195, 199, 201, 203, 205, 208, 
210, 211, 216, 218, 219, 225, 
226, 232, 234, 239, 241, 243, 
259, 262, 267, 271, 272, 277, 
281, 287, 292, 311, 329, 331, 
340, 385, 389, 399, 408, 414, 
415, 423, 434, 446, 455, 459, 
462, 463, 465, 468. 
Masts, 21, 28, 41, 42, 61, 62, 101, 
323, 405, 406; see also Timber. 
Mast Country, 326, 379, 384. 
Roads, 42. 



INDEX 



503 



Mast Country, continued. 
Ships, 3, 25, 362, 365, 423. 
Swamp, 49. 
Trees, 1, 2, 3, 33, 38. 

Mathews, John, of Merriconeag, 
207, 289, 445, 461. 
William, of Damariscotta, 293. 

May, Gideon, of Berwick, 428, 432, 

Maylem, Jos., entitled to land in 
Falmouth, 54. 

Moaslin, James, entitled to land 
in Falmouth, 18. 

Memorandum of Given, David, 283. 

Memorial of, Belcher, Gov. Jona- 
than, 9. 
Falmouth Schools, 147. 
Parker, Stephen, 131. 
Proprietors of North Yarmouth, 

218, 220. 
Small Point, 216, 

Memramcook ) o-„ 

Memeram Conque j 

Menis, see Minas. 

Merriconeag, people of desire to 
be a part of Brunswick, 206, 
220, 222, 227, 445, 459, 460, 461; 
set off from North Yarmouth, 
207; annexed to Brunswick, 
222; reported distance from 
meeting house, 227; true dis- 
tance, 228; people poor, 287; 
meeting house wanted at, 288; 
desired exemption from taxes, 
288; petitions of, 206, 207, 446, 
459; mentioned, 198, 211, 212, 
216, 222, 227, 228, 229. 

Merrill, Abel, of Arundel, 271. 
John, of Arundel, 271, 457. 

Merrimac River, 19, 33. 

Merry Meeting Bay, 73, 193. 

Messages of Shirley, Gov., 356, 
424, 426, 443, 453. 

Michael, Francois, 370. 

Middle River, 455. 

Middlesex County, 149, 1.50. 

Mighill, Nathaniel, 2G0, 266. 

Militia, Dunbar desired to form, 5, 
11; Dunbar would not raise, 
99; well supplied, 191; see also 
under Soldiers. 

Milk, James, selectman of Fal- 
mouth, 424. 

Miller, Col. , 283, 444, 454, 

459; commission of, 408. 
Jeremiah, of Arundel, 271. 
Joseph, of Arundel, 270. 

Milliken, Edward, signed petition 
of Township No. One, 245. 

Millit, John, entitled to land in 
Falmouth, 13. 



Millit, continued. 

Thomas, entitled to land in Fal- 
mouth, 13. 
Mills built, 92; see grist mills, saw 

mills and slitting mills. 
Minas, 43, 312, 313, 314, 315, 316, 
358, 359, 360, 363, 364, 371, 
372, 373, 874, 375, 376, 377, 
379, 380, 381, 383, 387, 464; 
declarations of, 370, 372. 

Blockhouse at, 314, 315, 339, 
387. 

Fort at, 844, 347. 

Truckhouse at, 815. 
Ministers, lots set apart for, 121, 
403, 404, 405; engaged by Lev- 
eret's associates, 123; settled 
in new townships, 139, 140; 
maintenance of in Brunswick, 
197; to be sent to Nova Scotia, 
340, 347; salary of at Berwick, 
393, 394, 395. 
Ministry, the, Falmouth found it 
difficult to support, 147; un- 
improved land and the people 
taxed for the support of, 148, 
194, 201, 202, 203, 448, 449, 450; 
an offer to release part of a 
parish from the support of, 
229; at Brunswick cannot be 
provided for, 274, 279; appro- 
priation of Berwick to sup- 
port, 393; part of Berwick dis- 
sented, 394; meeting house in 
Berwick on land belonging to, 
409, 417, 419, 420, 430, 437, 439; 
the land of in North Yar- 
mouth, 446, 447, 448; cost of 
preaching, 468, 470, 471, 472, 
473, 474. 
Minot, George, of Mare Point, 200. 

James, 415. 

John, owned land in Mare Point, 
200; as justice of the peace, 
275, 276, 277, 279. 

Capt. John, forgot Larrabee's 
message, 143; letter of, 141. 

Stephen, associated with Lev- 
eret, 120. 
Missionaries, French, among In- 
dians, 251; expelled from Min- 
as, 464; to be sent from France, 
484. 
Mitchell, George, deputy survey- 
or, 184. 

Jacob, deposition of, 404; oath 
of, 405. 

John, 456. 
Mohawks, the house being built 
for, 137; desired supplies, 138; 



504 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Mohawks, continued, 

to march with soldiers, 138. 
Moill, Donnel, of Damariscotta, 

293. 
Molasses, 37, 50. 
Monk, Christopher, 408. 

Monson, , 185. 

Montreal, 215, 327. 
Moody, Enoch, 190. 

Joshua, 178, 179, 180, 195, 196, 

197, 201. 
Samuel, 13, 176, 178, 179, 180, 
192, 193, 196, 197, 201, 205, 
264, 205. 
Capt. Samuel, in command at 
Fort Frederick, 188, 407, 408; 
letter of, 407. 
Moore \ James, of Londonderry, 
More ( 20, 24. 

William, opposed building a new 
meetinghouse, 241,394; signed 
Berwick petitions, 249, 421; 
resided at Berwick, 430, 441. 
Morison, David, of Londonderry, 
20. 

Morrill, , 259. 

Morse, Elisha, a soldier, 408. 
Marton, James, signed petition of 

Township No. Seven, 237. 
Moseley, Thomas, entitled to land 

in Falmouth, 13. 
Motherwell, Thomas, signed Geor- 
gia petition, 130. 
Motley, Patt, letter of, 268. 
Moulton, Col. Jeremiah, sheriff, 
led expedition to Pemaquid, 
99, 100; letter of, 291; men- 
tioned, 23, 176, 182, 189, 222, 
223, 255, 369. 
Job, of Merriconeag, 207, 288. 
Mounswack "t ^ joq 
Mounsweig ) ^' 
Mountfort, Edmund, entitled to 

land in Falmouth, 54. 
Mouren, John, signed petition of 

Township No. Seven, 237. 
Mousom, 449. 

River, 448, 449, 450, 455, 456, 473, 
Moxus, Caesar, Penobscot chief, 

74. 
Munson, Joseph, signed petition 
of Township No. One, 245. 
Robert, signed petition of Town- 
ship No. One, 245. 
Murphy, John, letter of, 289. 
Murrey, John, of Berwick, 428 

433. 
Muscongus, 43, 152. 
River, 43. 



Muster, William, signed Georgia 
petition, 130. 

N 

Nailerys, built, 51. 
Narragansett grantees, the, 139, 
244. 

Township No. One, proprietors 
of met at Newbury, 259, 264, 
265, 266; saw mills erected in, 
260; to build a meeting house, 
265, 266; petition of, 241, 245; 
mentioned, 200. 

Township No. Seven, Shubal 
Gorham to call a town meet- 
ing of the proprietors, 223, 
224; petition of, 236, 239. 
Narrative of the people of Lon- 
donderry, concerning bound- 
aries, 18. 
Nason, Benjamin, opposed build- 
ing a new meeting house, 241; 
signed Berwick petition, 411, 
421; resided at Berwick, 430, 
440. 

Edward, of Berwick, 429. 

John, of Berwick, 249. 

Joseph, signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 421; resided at Berwick, 
431, 440. 

Joshua, of Berwick, 427. 

Nathaniel, of Berwick, 421, 441. 

Noah, of Berwick, 421, 430, 441. 

Richard, signed petitions of Ber- 
wick, 250, 421; objected to 
building meeting house, 394; 
resided at Berwick, 430, 441. 

Richard Jr., of Berwick, 430, 
441. 

Samuel, opposed building new 
meeting house, 241, 394; 
signed petitions of Berwick, 
249, 411; resided at Berwick, 
431, 441. 

William, signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 421; resided at Berwick, 
430, 441. 
Navigation Acts, how evaded, 66. 
Navy, Royal, nursery for the, 32, 

338. 
Nelson, Mr. , 32. 

Benjamin, of Berwick, 249. 
Nesmith, James, of Londonderry, 

20, 24. 
Nettmaker, Jno., witnessed signa- 
ture, 63. 
New Capeborowaggin, 229, 445. 

New Damaris Cove, 229. 



INDEX 



605 



New England, 15, 16, 18, 20, 35, 
44, 53, 60, 97, 100, 101, 102, 
103, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 
110, 111, 112, 113, 119, 125, 
139, 144, 149, 164, 168, 179, 
199, 203, 205, 210, 214, 218, 
219, 226, 232, 234, 239, 241, 
243, 251, 255, 260, 262, 271, 
272, 277, 287, 300, 301, 302, 
303, 304, 307, 308, 310, 311, 
312, 313, 817, 318, 319, 320, 
322, 325, 327, 328, 342, 846, 
349, 354, 373, 374, 381, 382, 
886, 389, 391, 399, 405, 423, 
446, 459, 463, 471. 

New France, 372. 

New Hampshire, Province of 1, 2, 
6, 17, 18, 19, 22, 23, 24, 33, 35, 
37, 40, 48, 81, 88, 95, 96, 97, 99, 
100, 105, 106, 108, 110, 111, 132, 
133, 183, 313, 336, 338, 344, 405. 

New Harbor, 43, 44, 45. 
Proprietors, the, 45. 

New Jersey, 377; see Jerseys, the. 

New Marblehead, original grant 
and grantee, 139. 

New Meadows, 198. 

New Plymouth, 113; see Plymouth. 

New Settlement, see Fredericks- 
burg. 

New York, city, 29, 192, 324, 326, 
407. 
colony, 319, 328, 330, 331, 346, 
349, 350, 354, 377. 

Newburn, John, signed petition of 
Township No. Seven, 237. 

Newbury, 259, 264, 265. 

Newcastle, coals from, 51. 

Thomas Holles-Pelham, Duke 
of, letter of, 15; mentioned, 6, 
6, 7, 8, 11, 16, 17, 34, 85, 251, 
255, 300, 301, 30.5, 808, 312, 
324, 327, 335, 337, 343, 373, 
381, 388. 

Newfoundland, 102, 314, 318, 336, 
423. 
Bank of, 322. 

Newman, Mr. , 133. 

Matthew, witnessed signature, 
44. 

Nicholson, Gen. Sir Francis, cap- 
tured Pemaquid and Nova Sco- 
tia, 104, 160; forces in expedi- 
tion under, 106, 107; the 
French surrendered to, 107, 
116, 118, 126, 127, 154, 351. 

Noble, Col. Arthur, 290, 297, 312, 
313. 
Thomas, 427, 432. 



Nock, Benjamin, resided at Ber- 
wick, 429, 433. 
Jos., resided at Berwick, 427, 

433. 
Joshua, of Berwick, 427, 433. 
Zachariah, of Berwick, 427, 433. 
Noise, Oliver, associated with Lev- 
eret, 120. 
Norman, John, signed petition of 

Township No. One, 245. 
Norridgewock, 228, 300. 

Indians, 70. 

North Yarmouth, 66, 143, 144, 197, 

198, 199, 200, 206, 207, 208, 

211, 212, 215, 216, 217, 218, 

220, 221, 222, 226, 227, 228, 

229, 230, 231, 232, 233, 234, 

235, 267, 287, 288, 289, 294, 

399, 403, 404, 405, 423, 445, 

446, 447, 448, 459, 460, 461. 

Book of records, 215, 403. 

Meeting house, 206, 227, 228, 

235. 
Memorial of the proprietors, 218, 

220. 
Proprietors of, 892. 
Norton, James, 237. 
Nova Scotia, 7, 15, 24, 32, 38, 49, 
78, 79, 101, 103, 104, 105, 107, 
113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 
128, 184, 312, 313, 314, 315, 
320, 321, 323, 329, 333, 334, 
336, 337, 338, 339, 340, 341, 
343, 345, 346, 347, 350, 352, 
354, 378, 379, 380, 381, 384, 
385, 386, .389, 458, 462, 464. 
Nova Scotians, the, 337, 344, 363. 

Nowelli, , 259, 269. 

Noyes, Belcher, signed petition of 
Merriconeag, 206, 221; signed 
petition of Small Point, 233; 
signed petition to include 
islands in Brunswick, 234, 235. 
John, of St. Georges, Indians 
complained of, 185 ; answer to 
the complaint, 186. 
Nurseries for seamen, 32, 338. 
Nutting, Ebenezer, armourer at 
Falmouth, 138. 

O 

Oak, 3. 

Oakes, Urian, speaker, 104. 
Oliver, Andrew, 444. 
Orders, committee of Council re- 
ferring to Waldo's petition, 20. 
Relating to towns not settled, 

286. 
Restraining Belcher's expedi- 
tion, 66. 



83 



506 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Ore, Daniel, signed petition of 
Georgia, 130. 

Orr, John, signed petition of Mer- 
riconeag, 207; to answer a 
netition, 212. 

Otis^ Col. , 454, 467. 

John, signed petition of Merri- 
coneag, 288; on a committee, 
415. 

Oulton, John, associated with Lev- 
eret, 120; a grantee of New 
Marblehead, 141; letter of, 
298; mentioned, 408. 
John Jr., 299. 



Packer, Thomas, deposition of, 
99; oath of, 100. 

Page, Uriah, opposed building 
new meeting house, 241 ; signed 
petition of Berwick, 250; re- 
sided in Berwick,, 430, 441. 

Palatinate, the, 117. 

Palatines, the, arrived, 37; sold, 
37; to be sent eastward, 37; 
not to be landed in Boston, 38; 
destitute and many perish, 66, 
66; to be sent to resettle, 117. 

Palmer, Col. John, a grantee of 
New Marblehead, 141. 
The, proprietor at Mare Point, 
200. 

Panobcut, 212, 215. 

Paper Money, see Currency. 
Needed by the French, 372. 

Papists in the army, 339. 

Parce, Ebenezer, of Berwick, 437. 
Israel, of Berwick, 427, 428. 
John, of Berwick, 427, 429. 

Parcher, George, signed petition 
of Township No. One, 245. 

Paris, 321. 

Parker, Stephen, acted as chap- 
lain, 131; desired pay, 131. 
Wm., attorney, 178. 

Parramore, Capt. Robert, a gran- 
tee of New Marblehead, 140. 

Patent to Duke of York, 25. 

Patten, Robert, 457. 

Paxton, Mr. , solicitor, 125. 

Pearce, John, signed memorial of 
Small Point, 217. 

Pearson \ James, a grantee of New 

Peirson j Marblehead, 141. 
Moses, as town clerk, 13, 14, 467; 
to make out a list of Falmouth 
land claimants, 13; entitled to 
land in Falmouth, 14; report 
of, 14; as representative of 



Pearson, continued. 

Falmouth, 147; cared for a 
stranger, 423; to be paid, 424; 
mentioned 142, 182, 195, 197, 
239, 240. 
William, signed petition of 
Township No. Seven, 237. 

Peirce, Ebenezer, of Berwick, 432. 
John, of Berwick, 432. 
William, entitled to land in Fal- 
mouth, 54. 

Pejepscot Falls, 73. 

Pelham, T., 94, 134, 389. 

Pemaquid, also called Fredericks- 
burg, 6, 7, 8, 67, 68, 78, 86, 87; 
examined by Tailer, 7, 8; Pick- 
enden at, 21; Dunbar's people 
prevented the taking of staves 
from, 21; sloop seized at, 22; 
sheriff to go to, 23; threats of 
the people of, 23; Dunbar 
eager to begin settlement at, 
31; the lieutenant governor to 
call at, 63; Belcher sent a del- 
egation to, 68, 75, 78, 86; a part 
of Massachusetts, 86; a well 
equipped force sent against, 
100; few soldiers at, 101; Mas- 
sachusetts repaired the fort 
at, 102; Chubb in command 
at, 102; surrendered to the 
French, 102, 115; depopulated, 
103; Massachusetts ordered to 
repossess, 103; Massachusetts 
refused, 103, 104, 116; designed 
for Dongon, 104; held by the 
French, 104; recaptured by 
Nicholson, 104; situation of, 
115; fort at built by Duke of 
York, 115; Indians destroyed, 
115; fort rebuilt, 115; again 
destroyed, 115; not a bridle to 
the Indians, 116; lost by 
treachery, 116; under French 
government till 1710, 116; 
Shute recommended rebuild- 
ing the fort at, 110; people 
still refused, 117; laid waste, 
117; claimed to be under the 
government of Massachusetts, 
118; Phipps' purchase (1694), 
149; money paid, 150; the pur- 
chase of known to Southack, 
151; Dunbar removing from, 
167, 168; Dunbar took posses- 
sion of, 184; has a safe and 
convenient harbor, 225; fort 
being repaired, 253; a chaplain 
to be maintained at, 258, 261; 
concerning the repairing of, 



INDEX 



507 



Pemaquid, continued. 

200, 261; a boundary of Dam- 
ariscotta, 293; mentioned, 33, 
43, 69, 111, 225, 425; see also 
Fredericksburg and Georgia. 
Deed relating to, 43. 
Falls, 43. 
Harbor, 68, 225. 

Peney, Joseph, of Berwick, 427, 
432. 

Penhallow, John, a justice, 63, 
100. 
Capt. John, married the widow 
of John Watts, 92, 108, 109; in 
command at Arrowsic and 
Augusta, 108, 110; visited va- 
rious places with his brother, 
108. 
Samuel, resided in London, 108; 
visited Augusta and other 
places, 108; to settle the ac- 
counts of his brother, 109; af- 
fidavit of, 108; petition of, 12. 

Pennsylvania, 37, 65, 319, 354, 453. 

Penobscot, Dunbar to begin a set- 
tlement at, 30, 31, 36; land at 
to be reserved, 32; Dunbar 
could not give titles, 36; gov- 
ernment of, 36; Phillips should 
spend time there, and confer 
titles, 36; new claims to land 
at the east of, 39; Indians ob- 
ject to settlements in, 41; un- 
der jurisdiction of Phillips, 
64; Edewakeuk arrived at, 
212, 215. 
Fort at, 425, 426. 
Indians, 5, 11, 74, 123, 149, 150, 
151, 156, 157, 158, 159, 163, 
164, 165, 166, 169, 170, 171, 
185, 213, 251, 402, 425. 
River, 32, 184, 402, 425, 426, 444. 

Pepperrell, Sir William, inquired 
into the state of the militia, 
191; boat left at his dock, 285, 
287; to put the towns in a 
state of defense, 290; proposed 
officers for the army, 291; why 
he took command, 300; pro- 
posed that Bradstreet should 
succeed him, 301; described 
the siege of Louisbovirg, 301, 
303, 308; desired to be govern- 
or of Louisbourg, 305; created 
a baronet, 308, 311; Shirley 
proposed his taking command, 
310, 311; considered the rais- 
ing of men impracticable, 318, 
319; Shirley hopes regiment 
will be ready, 320; desired the 



Pepperrell, continued. 

appointment of a chaplain, 
325; desired to go home, .325; 
sailed from Louisbourg, 325; 
to visit Berwick, 422; advised 
building a fort at Penobscot, 
425, 426, 442, 443; letters of, 
189, 191, 192, 287, 291, 300, 
301, 305, 308, 324, 425; report 
of, 443; mentioned, 176, 188, 
189, 190, 191, 297, 322, 332, 459. 

Perkins, Mr. , 250. 

John, to bring masts to Ports- 
mouth, 01, 62; pay for masts, 
61, 02; agreement with Henry 
Hope, 60, 63. 
Thomas, town clerk of Arundel, 
271. 

Perry^ f James, of Berwick, 429. 

John, entitled to land in Fal- 
mouth, 13. 
Perriman, James, a grantee of 

New Marblehead, 141. 
Petitions of, 

Arundel, 270, 455. 

Berwick, 247, 409, 415, 434. 

Biddeford, 244. 

Brunswick, 234, 281. 

Damariscotta, 292. 

Dennis, John, 208. 

Falmouth, 52, 201, 262, 423, 465. 

Georgia, 129. 

Given, David and others, 272. 

Gloucester, 267. 

Gorham, Shubal, 239. 

Higginson, John, 179. 

Isles of Shoales, 142. 

Londonderry, 23. 

Loring, Nicholas, 446. 

Mare Point, 199. 

Merreconeag, 206, 287, 445, 459. 

Narraganset Township No. One, 
241, 245. 

Narraganset Township No. 
Seven, 223, 236. 

North Yarmouth, 446. 

Powell, Jer., 446, 447. 

Presbyterians, 210. 

Savage, Arthur, 225. 

Scarborough, 244. 

Small Point, 232. 

Waldo, Samuel, 156, 162, 164, 
170. 

Wellington, J. and others, 12. 

Wells, 414, 448, 465. 

Wentworth, Mark H., 405. 
Phelan, John, signed petition of 

Merreconeag, 288, 445, 401. 
Philadelphia, 37, 39. 



608 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Philbrook, Job, captured, 396. 
Grarrisou of, 396. 

Phillips, John, disposition of, 149; 
witnessed the sale of land to 
Phipps, 149, 150, 158, 161; at 
the building of the fort, 150; 
acquainted with Madocowan- 
do, 158. 
Col. Richard, governor of Nova 
Scotia, 16, 27, 32, 36, 49, 51, 
64, 106, 184, 314, 334, 335, 336, 
339, 380. 

Phippen, David, 173, 175, 179, 182, 
196, 201, 203. 

Phipps, Spencer, to examine forti- 
fications, 68; signed report of 
the examiners, 85; heir of Sir 
William and sold his interest 
to John Leveret, 119, 120; an 
associate with Leveret, 120; as 
a Lieutenant Governor, 408; 
mentioned, 296. 
Sir William, erected a fort at 
Pemaquid, 75, 150; appointed 
governor of Massachusetts, 
il5; unknowingly purchased 
land belonging to Leveret, 119, 
120; purchased land in the 
eastern parts, 149, 150, 151; 
paid money for the land, 150, 
158, 159, 160; his right to 
purchase not disputed, 151; 
claims made that Madoka- 
wando had no right to sell 
land to, 154; land was fairly 
purchased, 157, 158, 165; well 
acquainted with the state, 159; 
mentioned, 142, 165. 

Pickard, Francis, of Rowley, 264. 

Pike^ } Samuel, of Berwick, 430. 
Thomas, signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 421; resided at Berwick, 
430, 431, 433. 

Pickenden, Thomas, his sloop 
seized, 21, 22, 23; deposition 
of, 21. 

Pierpont, Thomas, chaplain at St. 
Georges, 75. 

Pierson, Capt. , 222, 238. 

Pilasen, John, 457. 

Pines, 32, 169. 

Pine swamps, 37. 

Pinfold, Dr. , 25. 

Piracy, 51, 65. 

Piscataqua, masts to be brought 
to, 61; men from receive no 
justice in Boston, 37; Capt. 
Martlious arrived at, 191; 
Marthous left, 192; home of 



Piscataqua, continued. 

John Wentworth, 200; Forde 
at, 423. 
River, 33, 177, 178. 

Pisiquit, 329. 

Pitman, Hannah, signed petition 
of Township No. One, 245. 

Pitson, James, signed petition of 
North Yarmouth, 218, 221. 

Plaisted \ Elisha, opposed build- 

Plasted J ing a new meeting house, 
241, 394; signed petitions of 
Berwick, 249, 420; resided at 
Berwick, 430, 440. 
James, signed petitions of Ber- 
wick, 250,421; opposed build- 
ing new meeting house, 394; 
resided at Berwick, 431, 440. 
Col. Joseph, letters of, 258, 209; 

mentioned, 258, 287, 296. 
Joshua, signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 250. 
Roger, meeting house to be built 
near his home, 240, 248, 416, 
435; to attend to building the 
meeting house, 393; resided 
in Berwick, 427, 432. 
Samuel, signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 421; resided at Berwick, 
441. 
William, of Berwick, 429. 

Plank, 3. 

Pleasant Point, 297. 

Plission, 142. 

Plumer, Joseph, action brought 
against, 173, 174, 175, 176, 177, 
179, 180; put out of his estate, 
183, 203, 204; the only one 
who improved the property, 
183. 
R., 185. 

Stephen, entitled to land in Fal- 
mouth, 14. 

Plymouth, Mass., 10, 106, 113, 114. 
Council, The, 127. 

Pomroy, Ebenezer, 156, 182. 

Ponchartrain, Monsieur de, 321, 
322. 

Popple, William, secretary, 1, 25, 
29, 47, 59, 66, 95, 112, 113. 

Pork, 290. 

Pormon, John, signed petition of 
Damariscotta, 293. 

Porter, 38. 

Port Royal, 106, 107, 142, 358. 

Portsmouth, 61, 62, 63, 81, 99, 105, 
110, 175, 405. 

Potter, Aaron, 264. 

Powell, Jeremiah, 399, 446, 447. 
John, 211, 219. 



INDEX 



509 



Pratt, Mr. , 286. 

Pray, John, signed call for Ber- 
wick town meeting, 395; re- 
sided at Berwick, 427, 432. 
Peter, of Berwick, 428, 433. 
Samuel, resided at Berwick, 427, 

432. 
Samuel Jr., resided at Berwick, 
428. 

Prayer Book, the Common pol- 
luted the Bible, 29. 

Preble, Abraham, 145. 

Presbyterians, the, desired to be 
exempted from paying church 
tax, 210. 

Presumpscot River, the, 173, 177, 
178, 223. 

Pretender, the, 354. 

Prichard, John, entitled to land in 
Falmouth, 14. 

Pride, Joseph, entitled to land in 
Falmouth, 13. 

Priests, forbidden in Nova Scotia, 
339, 348, 464; influence of the, 
353, 363; deception of the, 357; 
see Friars and Jesuits. 

Probb, Jonathan, signed petition 
of Georgia, 130. 

Prockter ) Charles, signed petition 

Proctor J of Township No. Seven, 
237. 
Jonathan, a grantee of New 

Marblehead, 141. 
Samuel, entitled to land in Fal- 
mouth, 13. 
Thomas, signed petition of 
Township No. Seven, 237. 

Prosoway, 143. 

Protestants, to be sent as settlers, 
16, 117, 169. 

Prothers, Capt. , 64. 

Prout, Mr. , 238, 283. 

Pumery, John, signed petition of 
Georgia, 130. 



Q 

Quebec, 258, 342, 349, 381, 461, 

464. 
Quenois, 142. 
Quincy, Edmund, 156. 
John, 68, 454. 

Josiah, 146, 149, 162, 180, 181, 
182, 198, 199, 200, 202, 207, 208, 
209, 210, 233, 235. 
Quingham, Edward, 207, 288. 
Quinn, John, 85. 
Quint, John, 427, 432. 
Joshua, 427, 432. 



R 



R , John, signed petition of 

Township No. One, 245. 
Racklif, William, signed petition 

of Damariscotta, 293. 
Ramry, Edward, signed petition 

of Township No. One, 245. 
Ramsay, Jean Baptiste Nicholas 
Roch de, declaration of, 372; 
letter of, 359; mentioned, 313, 
364, 372, 374, 377, 379, 381, 389. 
Rangers, Capt. Gorham's, 387, 389; 

see Soldiers. 
Read, John, 238. 

Joseph, 219. 
Rebels as settlers, 349, 353. 
Reckor, see Rickor. 
Record, of Berwick town meeting, 
393, 394. 
of Wells town meeting, 401. 
Redlen, Magnes, signed petition of 

Township No. One, 243. 
Reed ) Alexander, of Londonderry, 
Reid 5 24. 
James, of Londonderry, 20, 24. 
John, a grantee of New Marble- 
head, 141. 
Matthew, of Londonderry, 20. 
Richard, a grantee of New Mar- 
blehead, 141. 
Regiments needed, 50; from Gib- 
raltar, 317, 318, 320, 324. 
Religion, cause of the decline of, 

307. 
Rendal. Stephen, entitled to land 

in Falmouth, 13. 
Rene le Blanc, 360. 
Reports of, 
Leonard, George, 284. 
Pepnerrell, Sir William, 442. 
Talbot, C, 112, 128. 
York, P., 112, 128. 
Return of the constable of Bruns- 
wick, 211. 
Revolution of 1688, 101, 102. 
Rhode Island, 313, 345, 374. 
Rich, Peter, had the care of Eliza 
Smith, 452. 

Richards, Col. , 469. 

Ban, signed petition of Town- 
ship No. One, 245. 
John, signed petition of Damar- 
iscotta, 293. 
Joseph, of Berwick, 428. 
Richay, John, of Londonderry, 20. 
Richmond, 70, 71, 72, 75, 77, 79, 
137, 190, 191. 
Fort at, 69, 70, 72, 369, 425. 



510 



DOCUMENTARY inSTOEiT 



Kicker, Joseph, signed petition of 
Berwick, 421; resided at Ber- 
wick, 430, 431, 433. 
Kicker, Noah, of Berwick, 429, 

430. 
Riggs, .lerenilah, entitled to land 

in Falmouth, 13. 
Kiraes, Henry, of Berwick, 432. 
Ring, David, signed petition of 

Damariscotta, 293. 
River of Canada, 104, 115, 342; see 

also St. Lawrence River. 
Riviere an Canard, 359. 
Rivis, James, petition of Damaris- 
cotta, 293. 
Roads, Mast, 42. 

Slay, 2. 
Robbins, Danl., 408. 
Roberts, Ebenezer, entitled to land 
in Falmouth, 14. 
Job, signed petition of Town- 
ship No. One, 245. 
Joshua, of Berwick, 433. 
Thomas, of Berwick, 432. 
Robin Hood, 228, 231. 
Robords, Joshua, of Berwick, 427. 
Robsen, Charles, signed petition 

of Georgia, 130. 
Rodgers "(George, signed petition 
Rogers J of Georgia, 130. 
James, of Londonderry, 24. 
Mary, heir of Leveret, 119. 
Patrick, signed petition of 

Georgia, 130. 
Tho., signed petition of Georgia, 

1.^0. 
Wm., signed petition of Georgia, 
130. 
Romansgate, 21. 
Rood, David, signed petition of 

Township No. Seven, 237. 
Ross, Hugh, of Berwick, 428, 433. 
James, of Wells, 457. 
John Jr., signed petition of Mer- 
riconeag, 207. 

Row, , resided at Berwick, 429. 

Rowley, 260, 264. 

Rounds, Mark, entitled to land in 

Falmouth, 14. 
Roxbury, 77. 

Royal, Mr. , 283. 

Isaac, signed petition of Small 
Point, 233; signed petition to 
add islands to Brunswick, 235. 
RoyaPs River, 403. 
Rum, 37, 50, 06, 186, 251. 
Rutherford, Capt. Robert, letter 
of, 306. 



Saco, 190, 191. 
Falls, 15, 172. 
Fort, 425. 
Harbor, 69. 
River, 42, 63, 80, 104, 241, 244, 

2G0, 264. 
Truck House, 09. 
Sagadahoc, yearly chose a council- 
lor, 105, 100. 
River, 9, 10, 113, 114, 115, 117, 
118, 232. 
St. Albans, 388. 

St. Castiue, .Jean Vincent, Baron 
de, married a daughter of 
Madocawando, 151; received 
letter from the governor of 
Canada, 215. 
St. Clair, Lieut. Gen. James, 328, 

334. 
St. Croix, 30, 64. 

River, 17, 32, 78, 101, 103, 113, 
115, 117, 118, 125, 128, 129, 
184. 
St. Georges, 03, 135, 163, 180, 190, 
191, 209, 214, 285, 291, 300. 367, 
425. 
Falls, 156, 157. 

River, trading house at, 11, 74, 
186; distance of, from Georgia 
and Kennebec River, 11; dele- 
gation sent to, 68, 70, 73; fort 
at to be examined, 69, 297; a 
township to be laid out near, 
121, 152; land near, sold, 149, 
151, 165; two towns on, 156, 
161, 104; a fine harbor, 168; 
Capt. Gyles went to, 171; 
Capt. Bradbury in command 
at, 454; mentioned, 27, 32, 
237, 252, 268. 
St. Johns, 318. 
Indians, 403. 
River, 32, 462. 
St. Lawrence River, 104, 304, 327, 
334; also called River of Can- 
ada. 
St. Peters, 304. 

Salem, 87, 176; fort at, 70, 81, 85. 
Salary of the governor, trouble 
concerning, 6, 35, 40, 41, i/O, 
60, 94, 131, 132. 
Salmon Fall River, 442. 
Salt, 269, 291, 381. 
Saltonstall, Richd., 290. 
Sandors, Thomas, of Berwick, 429. 
Sanford, Josiah, entitled to land 
in Falmouth, 14. 
Thomas, of London, 109. 



INDEX 



511 



Sarahtoga, 331, 350. 

Saunders, Capt. Thomas, master 
of the Endeavor, 68; delivered 
letter to Dunbar, 134; to bring 
Indians t« Boston, 254; letter 
of, 217; mentioned, 214, 231, 
306, 307. 

Savage, Arthur, in command at 
Fort Frederick, 214, 225; let- 
ter of, 231; petition of, 225. 
llabijah, justice of the peace, 
275, 282. 

Saveur, FranQois, a Penobscot 
chief, 74. 

Saw Mills, 2, 3, 4, 40, 77, 92, 121, 
122, 152, 173, 174, 175, 177, 
178, 179, 180, 182, 183, 204, 
260, 265, 267, 470, 473. 

Sawyer, Isaac, entitled to land in 
Falmouth, 13. 
Jacob, entitled to land in Fal- 
mouth, 13. 
John Jr., entitled to land in 
Falmouth, 14. 

Sayer, Joseph, (Judge), 176, 453. 

Scales, Mathew, entitled to land 
in Falmouth, 14. 
William, 403, 4'i8. 

Scalps, a bounty for, 331, 334. 

Scamman, Dominicus, signed peti- 
tion of Township No. One, 
2^45. 

Scamons, Humphry, of Berwick, 
440. 

Scarborough, to be resettled, 12; 
sent for the records, 12; deed 
lost but counterpart saved, 54; 
petition of the people of, 244; 
mentioned, 15, 145, 241, 292, 
451. 

Scatts, John, of Berwick, 432. 
Vollentine, of Berwick, 432. 

Schiegnecto, 313, 314, 315, 334, 335, 
363, 364, 374, 375, 376, 389; see 
also Chicanecto. 
Blockhouse, 315, 339. 
Trading house, 315. 

Schools, land to be set apart for, 
121, 139, 140; unimproved land 
taxed to support the, 148, 194, 
201, 202, 203; resolutions con- 
cerning those at Falmouth, 
192, 193, 194; second parish at 
Falmouth to have one month's 
schooling, 2G2, 263; to be 
opened in Nova Scotia, 339, 
340, 347, 348; rates at Kenne- 
bunk, 448. 

School Masters, pay of, 192, 193; 
to be settled, 193. 



Scotland, the kirk of, 210. 

Scott, Capt. , impressed sea- 
men, 218. 
William, signed petition of 
Township No. Seven, 237. 

Seaburv, Barnabas, town clerk and 
sheriff, 176, 179, 212, 216; re- 
port of, 143, 144; deposition 
of, 447. 
Samuel, justice of the peace, 
404, 405, 448. 

Sea coal, 51. 

Seal, John, of Berwick, 428. 
Valentine, of Berwick, 428. 

Seamen, a nursery of, 32, 338. 

Sears, Peter, 408.' 

Sebago Ponds, 173. 

Sebascodegin \ Islands, 222, 226, 

Sebashadegen j 228, 229, 234. 

Sewall, Saml., entitled to land in 
Falmouth, 54. 

Shackley, John, signed petition of 
Berwick, 421; resided in Ber- 
wick, 431. 
Richard, signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 250; objected to build- 
ing new meeting house, 394; 
resided at Berwick, 431, 441. 
Richard Jr., opposed building 
new meeting house, 241; 
signed petition of Berwick, 
249; resided at Berwick, 431, 
441. 
Samuel, of Wells, 457. 

Sharrar, James, a grantee of New 
Marblehead, 141. 

Sheepscot, home of Elihu Gurim- 
son. 111; burned by Indians, 
112; soldiers at, 3G"1; Cargill 
at, 361, 368; garrison at, 290; 
proprietors of, 49. 

Sheepscot River, 37, 293. 

Shegnectoo, 389; see Schiegnecto. 

Sherburn, Henry, proposed as gov- 
ernor of New Hampshire, G; 
went with Dunbar to examine 
Fort William Henry, 98; not 
permitted to enter the fort, 99. 

Shillings, see Currency. 

Shipbuilding, 323. 

Ships, see Vessels. 

Shirley, Gov. William, letters of, 
25], 265, 260, 290, 296, 297, 
312, 327, 335, 337, 340, 343, 
362, 368, 373, 461; messages 
of, 424, 426, 443, 453; speeches 
of, .356, 401; mentioned, 223, 
225, 231, 236, 238, 241, 243, 
246, 250, 255, 262, 267, 272, 
274, 277, 281, 285, 287, 289, 



612 



DOCUMENTABY HISTORY 



Shirley, continued. 

292, 294, 295, 298, 300, 309, 

316, 324, 325, 326, 334, 

358, 360, 361, 370, 372, 

383, 387, 388, 389, 390, 

396, 397, 399, 405, 414, 

422, 423, 425, 426, 434, 

455, 457, 459, 465, 468, 



310, 
341, 
373, 
392, 
415, 
446, 
471. 



Shirreff. W., letter of, 334; men- 
tioned, 359, 360, 370, 372, 373. 

Shorey, John, resided at Berwick, 
428, 433. 
Samuel, resided at Berwick, 

428, 433, 441. 
Thomas, resided at Berwick, 
428, 433. 

Shove, Edward, to examine forti- 
fications, 68; signed report oi 
examiners, 85. 

Shute, Gov. Samuel, recommend- 
ed rebuilding Fort at Pema- 
quid, 116; gave the associates 
a letter to Indian chief, 123; 
mentioned, 12, 19, 146, 165, 
252. 

Silks, 66. 

Simonton, Andrew, entitled to 
land in Falmouth, 14. 

Simpson 1 Henry, for coroner, 

Simson /269. 
Theodore, signed petition of 
Berwick, 421; resided at Ber- 
wick, 4.30. 

Sinkler, John, 456. 

Six Nations, the, 386. 

Skiling, Benjamin, entitled to land 
in Falmouth, 14. 

Skinner, .Tames, a grantee of New 
Marhlehead, 141. 

Skofield, Thomas, 275, 295. 

Slade, Mr. , deputy, 3. 

Slitting Mills, 51. 

Sloman, Henry, resided at Ber- 
wick, 427, 432. 

Small Point, 108, 216, 216, 228, 
232, 233, 234. 

Small, Samuel Jr.. signed petition 
of Township No. One, 245. 

Smart, John, signed petition of 
Merriconeag, 207; constable, 
295. 
Robert, surveyor, 295. 

Smith, , suspected of counter- 
feiting, 452. 

Mr. , 367. 

Colam, signed petition of 

Georgia, 130. 
Elizabeth, 401, 452. 
James, attorney, 54. 



Smith, continued. 

John, an associate of Leveret, 
120. 

John, signed call for Berwick 
town meeting, 395. 

Elder, John, lived in Berwick, 
427, 432. 

John Jr., resided in Berwick, 
427, 432. 

Joshua, resided at Berwick, 427. 

Margaret, 400, 452, 453. 

Mrs. Mary, 400, 414, 452, 463. 

Robert of Arundel, 270. 

Thomas, entitled to land in Fal- 
mouth, 13; an associate with 
Leveret, 120. 

Capt. Thomas, in command at 
Saco, 69, 80, 173; gave report 
of ammunition on hand, 81. 
Smitherst, Joseph, a grantee of 

New Marhlehead, 141. 
Smutty Nose Island, 142. 
Snow, Isaac, selectman of Bruns- 
wick, 273, 275, 295. 

John, selectman of Falmouth, 
424, 466. 
Soldiers, two under arms at Fort 
William Henry, 98, 99; Dun- 
bar will not raise the militia, 
99; a few at Pemaquid, 101, 
102; forces engaged under 
Nicholson, 107; the same paid 
and supplied by New England, 
107; at Arrowsic, 108, 109; at 
Richmond, 110; hired andsus- 
tained by the Leveret asso- 
ciates, 122; died of fever, 138; 
entertained and the Isles of 
Shoals, 142; to be divided, 188, 
189, 190; to be well provided 
with arms, 189, 190; number 
at Fort George, 224; number 
at Fort Frederick, 225; more 
needed, 226, 231; desired that 
their wages be higher, 231; at 
Brunswick, 246; nvimber in 
each garrison, 296; subsist- 
ance voted for, 297; dismissed, 
297; commanded by Pepper- 
rell, 300; raised in New Eng- 
land for Louisbourg expedi- 
tion, 300, 301; left to rebuild a 
fort, 304; clothing needed, 305; 
ill principles of the officers, 
307; the king's approbation of 
those at Louisbourg, 308; 
capitulation at Minas, 312, 
313; uneasy under Captains 
Burns and Cargill, 316; num- 
ber of at Louisbourg, 317, 332; 



INDEX 



513 



Soldiers, continued. 

illness at Louisbourg, 817, 318, 
324; the Gibraltar regiments, 
317, 318, 319, 324; desire to be 
discharged, 318; to be relieved 
at Louisbourg, 319; enlisted 
from several provinces, 319, 
325; those from New England 
dismissed, 322, 325; more to be 
raised, 328; bounties and sup- 
plies for, 328; desertions, 338; 
vrhy recruits were poor, 338, 
339; delay, 341, 342; sent to 
Annapolis, 344, 374; officers 
dispute, 355; little discipline 
among, 355 ; needed by Cargill, 
361; sent to Aeadia, 364; divi- 
sion of Cargill's men, 367; at 
Falmouth to be disposed of, 
368; the number wanted, 369; 
mutinous at Richmond, 369; 
surprised at Minas, 374, 375; 
sent to Mascarene, 374, 376; 
marched to Minas. 374; capit- 
ulation at Minas, 375, 376, 381; 
finally drove the French from 
the territory, 376; those of 
New Jersey and New York 
were mutinous, 377, 380; pay 
advanced for those of Massa- 
chusetts, 377; not to have the 
second year's clothing, 377; 
how paid, transported and fed, 
378, 380, 389, 390; difficult to 
engage recruits for Nova Sco- 
tia, 378; French and Swiss at 
Quebec, 381; those at Annap- 
olis not always well behaved, 
382; tardy, 382; Roman Cath- 
olics, 382; how the French 
paid, 382, 383; obliged to live 
on the people of Minas, 383; 
those from Massachusetts 
saved Nova Scotia, 385; at 
Annapolis, 463, 487; designed 
for Shegnecto, 389; necessary 
in Nova Scotia, 389; the As- 
sembly of New York refused 
to raise money for, 889; con- 
stant duty of those at Albany, 
390; compared to those in 
Europe, 390; if their pay 
should not be abated, 390, 391; 
their endurance and patriot- 
ism, 391; should retain their 
arms when discharged, 391, 
392; volunteers don't enlist, 
401, 402; regulations for en- 
listments should be changed, 
402; impressment not success- 



Soldiers, continued. 

ful, 402; needed at Frederick 
Fort, 408 ; to be sent to various 
forts, 408; needed at Hins- 
dall's, 425; see also Militia. 

Sole, Mr. , 286. 

Solingford, Thomas, of Berwick, 
430. 

Solleuen, John, of Berwick, 433. 

Somerset, Capt. John, sold land to 
John Brown, 43, 44. 

Southack, Capt. Cyprian, master 
of provincial galley, 150; well 
acquainted with eastern In- 
dians, 150, 158, 163; witnessed 
Phipps's purchase at Pema- 
quid, 151, 158, 161; sailed with 
Capt. Gyles, 170; went east- 
ward, 170, 171; his deposition, 
150. 

Spaniards, the, purchase vessels 
in New England, 37. 

Sparhawk, N., letter of, 285. 

Speeches of Shirley, Gov. William, 
356, 401. 

Spear \ Robert, gave power of at- 

Speer / torney, 271, 272; petitioned 
for Brunswick, 273, 277; as 
constable, 280; an assessor, 
282; depositions of, 275, 276, 
282; protest of, 296. 

Spencer, Freathy, resided in Ber- 
wick, 249, 421, 430, 440. 
Humphrey, of Berwick, 428. 
Moses, signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 250; resided at Berwick, 
427, 430, 432. 
William, signed petition of Ber- 
wick's 250. 

Sprague, Abiel, signed petition of 
Merriconeag, 207. 288. 
Terah, of Berwick, 427, 432. 

Spurr, Capt. , 415. 

Spurwink River, 145. 

Stacey, Ebenezer, a grantee of New 
Marblehead, 141. 
John, a grantee of New Marble- 
head, 141. 
Samuel, a grantee of New Mar- 
blehead, 140. 

Standwood V David, signed peti- 

Stanwood j tion of Merriconeag, 
207. 
Ebenezer, fence viewer, 295. 
Samuel, signed petition of Mer- 
riconeag, 207. 

Stanyan, Temple, 90. 

Stapels, , 259. 

Starbird, Jethro, signed petition 
of Township No. One, 245. 



34 



514 



DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 



Starbird, continued. 
Job, signed petition of Town- 
ship No. One, 245. 
Stepell, Samuel, entitled to land 

in Falmouth, 14. 
Stephen's Carrying Place, 198, 227. 
Stevens, John, signed petition of 
Merriconeag, 207. 
Moses, had care of Margaret and 

Mary Smith, 400, 453. 
Samuel, signed petition of 
Gloucester, 268. 
Stewart, Samuel, 453. 
Stickney, David, to settle the 

school master, 193. 
Still, Anthony, signed the petition 
of Damariscotta, 293. 

Stillin, , resided at Berwick, 

428. 
Stilling, Ruke, resided at Berwick, 

483. 
Stimson, Jonathan, resided at 

Berwick, 429. 
Stinson, James, signed the peti- 
tion of Georgia, 130. 
John, signed the petition of 

Georgia, 130. 
Thomas, signed the petition of 

Georgia, 130. 
William, signed the petition of 
Georgia, 130. 
Stockbridge, John, signed the pe- 
tition of Berwick, 249. 
Stoddard, Anthony, an associate 
with Leveret, 120. 
John, 156. 
Col. Jno., 290. 
Ston ") Jonathan, signed call for 
Stone J Berwick town meeting, 
395; resided in Berwick, 428, 
432; agent for Arundel, 471. 
Joseph, resided at Berwick, 427, 

432. 
Paul, resided at Berwick, 427, 

432. 
S., resided at Berwick, 432. 
Samuel, entitled to land at Fal- 
mouth, 13. 
Simon, resided at Berwick, 428. 

Storer, Capt. , 214. 

John, of Merriconeag, 288. 
John, of Wells, presented peti- 
tion for Wells, 401, 414; town 
treasurer, 453. 
Stoughton, William, 165. 
Stover, John, signed petition of 

Merriconeag, 207, 445, 461. 
Strout, Charles, selectman of Fal- 
mouth, 466. 



Stuart, Charles, signed petition of 
Georgia, 130. 
Winthrop, resided in Berwick, 
429. 

Stutevant, John, resided at Ber- 
wick, 427. 

Subercase, Daniel Auger de, gov- 
ernor, surrendered to Gen. 
Nicholson, 104, 107. 

Submission of the Acadians, the, 
369. 

Suffolk County, 275, 283. 

Sugar, 50. 
Islands, the, 38. 

Swanpond Creek, 80. 

Swett, Joseph, a grantee of New 
Marblehead, 141. 

Swiss, Cantons, to furnish settlers, 
252, 854. 
Swiss soldiers, 381. 

T 

Tailek, a., signed petition of 
North Yarmouth, 221. 
William, Lieut. Gov., to ex- 
amine fortifications, etc., 68, 
86; had a conference with 
Indians, 71; received a letter 
from Dunbar, 76; answered 
the same, 76; in command at 
Castle William, 82; signed 
report of delegation, 85; asked 
improper questions, 96; com- 
manded a regiment under 
Nicholson, 107; letters of, 78, 
112, 128. 

Tallow, 269. 

Tarp, John, signed petition of 
Georgia, 130. 

Tarr, William, signed petition of 
Merriconeag, 289, 445, 461. 

Tarrant, Mr. , 45. 

Taxes in North Yarmouth, 143, 
144; for the support of the 
ministry and schools, 148, 194, 
201, 202, 203, 448, 449, 450. 

Tebbets, see Tibbets. 

Tharla, Richard, of Berwick, 443. 

Thaxter, Samuel, to examine for- 
tifications, 68; signed report 
of examiner, 83; an associate 
with Leveret. 120. 

Theruel, Jonathan, resided in Ber- 
wick, 429. 

Thirall, Richard, resided at Ber- 
wick, 428, 432. 

Thomas, David, signed memorial 
of Small Point, 217. 
William, signed memorial of 



INDEX 



515 



Thomas, continued. 
Small Point, 217. 

Thompson I (. 4^5 

Thomson J ^ ' 

Bartholomew of Berwick, 428, 

432. 
John, opposed building new 
meeting house, 241, 394; sign- 
ed petition of Township No. 
One, 245; signed petition of 
Berwick, 421; resided at Ber- 
wick, 430, 440. 
John Jr., signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 249, 421, 430; resided at 
Berwick, 440. 
Jonathan, of Wells, 457. 
Joseph, selectman of Falmouth, 

424, 466. 
Miles, signed call for Berwick 
town meeting, 395; resided at 
Berwick, 428, 432. 
Nicholas, resided at Berwick, 

429. 
Noah, resided at Berwick, 426, 

432, 441, 443. 
Paul, signed petition of Town- 
ship No. One, 245. 
Samuel, a soldier, 408. 
Thomas, resided at Berwick, 
431, 441. 
Thorns, Thomas, entitled to land 

in Falmouth, 13. 
Thorndick, Robert, entitled to 

land in Falmouth, 13. 
Thoson, Richard, 456. 
Tibbets \ Ichabod, resided at Ber- 
Tibbotsi wick, 427. 
Thomas, resided at Berwick, 

428, 431. 
William, signed petition of Ber- 
wick, 421. 
Timber, 3, 15, 42, 180, 204, 268, 

323, 399; see Masts. 
Titles, manner of deducing, 128. 
Toleration for all but Papists, 211. 
Tonne, Thomas, 457. 
Tools made in New England, 35, 

41, 61. 
Toothaker, Ebenezer, signed peti- 
tion of Merriconeag, 207. 
Seth, signed petition of Merri- 
coneag, 207, 445, 461. 
Topsham Garrison, 296. 
Town, Jesse, 457. 

Joseph, 457. 
Towns of eighty families each, 121 ; 
order relating to resettling, 
286. 
Townsend, Admiral Isaac, 318, 
820, 324, 337, 347, 365. 



Township No. One, see Narragan- 

sett Township No. One. 
Township No. Seven, see Narra- 

gansett Township No. Seven. 
Towwon, 406. 
Toxus, 142. 

Trade, with Indians, 27, 71, 75, 
185, 186, 251; would suffer by 
Bills of Credit, 95; illicit, 258; 
importance of Louisbourg,304; 
vessels fitted out to annoy, 361; 
vessels needed to protect, 365; 
in the enemy's hands, 381, 
383; decreasing, 384; Nova 
Scotia, a help to, 386; a fort 
to cut off the enemy's 387; if, 
well regulated would influence 
the Indians, 387, 402, 403, 425. 
The Lords Commissioners of, 5, 
11, 15, 16, 20, 30, 31, .35, 37, 39, 
40, 41, 49, 51, 52, 60, 64, 66, 90, 
97, 103, 112, 183. 
Trading Houses, will hold the 
good will of Indians, 251, 315, 
348; needed at Penobscot 
River, 402. 
at Minas, 315, 347. 
at Richmond, 70, 71, 75, 77, 79. 
at Saco, 69, 80, 81, 172. 
at St. Georges, 11, 27, 68, 74, 75, 

166, 170. 
at Schiegnecto, 315. 
Treaties of, Aix-la-Chapelle, 463, 
465. 
Casco Bay, 72, 154. 
Dummer's, 109. 
Eastern Indians, 119, 251, 252. 
Falmouth, 166. 
Pemaquid, 150, 151. 
Ryswick, 103, 115. 
Utrecht, 91, 105, 116, 118, 119, 
322, 851, 358, 462. 
Trees, see Masts and Timber. 
Tripsack, Henry, 184. 
Troops, see Soldiers. 
Truck Houses, see Trading Houses. 
Truth, the, not regarded in New 

England, 97. 
Tucker, Andrew, a grantee of New 
Marblehead, 141. 
John, of Berwick, 427, 432. 
William, fisherman, 112. 
Turnell, James, of Berwick, 429. 
Turner, Isaac, a grantee of New 

Marblehead, 141. 
Tyler, Abraham, signed petition 
of Township No. One, 245. 
James, signed petition of Town- 
ship No. One, 246. 



516 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Tyler, continued. 

Royal, signed petition of Town- 
ship No. One, 245. 
Tyng, Capt. Edward, trustee for 
I'almouth, 55, 

Eleazer, 290. 

John, to take list of land claim- 
ants, 13; to make answer to 
General Court for Falmouth, 
13; his report, 14; an agent for 
Falmouth, 56, 59. 

u 

Unnongoit, sold land to John 

Brown, 43, 44. 
Utrecht, 91, 105, 116, 118, 119, 322, 

351, 358, 462. 



Vass, Jeremiah, signed petition 
of Township No. Seven, 237. 
John, signed petition of Town- 
ship No. Seven, 237. 
John Jr., signed petition of 
Township No. Seven, 237. 

Vaughan, Capt. , garrison of, 

296. 
Elliot, signed petition of Town- 
ship No. One, 245, 260. 
Geo., signed petition of Scar- 
borough, 12. 
Wm., letter sent by, 175, 176; 
signed petition of Damaris- 
cotta, 292, 293. 

Vernon, .Tas., 67. 

Versailles, Court of, 320, 321, 

Vessels, needed by the govern- 
ment, 16, 30, 34, 49; of war 
expected, 29; Dunbar pro- 
posed to build one, 34; from 
Amsterdam with palatines, 
37; how built and sold in New 
England, 37, 60; a true registry 
of, should be sent home, 38; 
how manned, 38; Grover's 
seized, 45, 46, 51, 64; at Casco 
with French and Indians, 97; 
built in New England by Co- 
ram, 101; supplied by New 
England to transport troops, 
107; bought by Leveret's asso- 
ciates, 122; needed at Bay of 
Fundy, 315 ; fitted out to annoy 
the fisheries and trade, 361; 
should be sent out to protect 
trade, 361, 362; the Mermaid 
sent out to destroy those of 
the enemy, 362, 365; a tender 



Vessels, continued. 

needed, 362; the province suf- 
fered because of the lack of, 
364, 365; to bring wood to 
Boston, 868; people summoned 
to renew oaths on, 371; French 
transports at Quebec, 381; to 
be sent eastward with stores, 
407. 

Blanford, 29, 47. 

Canterbury, 361, 364, 365. 

Chester, 346, 379. 

Comet Bomb, 361. 

Endeavor, 68, 69, 70. 

Hichingbrook, 327. 

Hind, 361. 

Kingsale, 318, 324. 

Massachusetts, 218, 362. 

Mermaid, 362, 365. 

New Hampshire, 21. 

Norwich, 361, 364, 365. 

Princess, 318. 

Scarborough, 373. 

Shirley, 308, 379. 
Villebone, Chevalier de, gave 

presents to Indians, 151. 
Vincent, Anthony, signed petition 
of Georgia, 130. 

William, signed petition of 
Georgia, 130; as a witness, 
272. 
Virginia, 317, 318, 324, 327. 
Volunteers, see Soldiers. 



W 

W. , signed Merriconeag peti- 
tion, 288. 
Wadlin, Daniel, opposed building 
new meeting house, 241; sign- 
ed petition of Berwick, 249, 
421; resided at Berwick, 440. 
Wadsworth, Joseph, signed peti- 
tion of Merriconeag, 221, 226, 
200; signed petition of Small 
Point, 233; signed petition of 
Brunswick, 234, 235. 
Wainwright, John, 139. 
Waite, John, to settle a school 

master, 193. 
Wakfield, Gilbert, 457. 
James, 456. 
Jeridiah, 457. 
John, 456. 
John Jr., 456. 
Nathaniel, 467. 
Walcot, John, claimed land, 89; 
heir of Clark, 90; Dunbar on 
land belonging to, 90; petition 



INDEX 



517 



Walcot, continued. 

of, 91 ; prevented from settling 
by Dunbar, 92, 93; his pur- 
chase confirmed by charter, 
93; desired that Dunbar be 
instructed to quit, 93, 94; set- 
tlers held land by grant from, 
110. 

Josiah, ancestor of John, 89, 91; 
sent John Watts as agent, 91; 
advanced money to Watts, 92. 
Waldo, Cornelius, entitled to land 
at Falmouth, 54; an associate 
with Leveret, 121. 

Jonathan, an associate vpith 
Leveret, 121. 

Samuel, contractor for masts, 1; 
not of the best character, 2; 
went to England as an agent, 
2, 12, 90, 166; a violent, 2, 
12; difficulty attending his 
agency, 3; called on Dunbar, 
3; his usage of Dunbar, 4, 48; 
order of committee refering to 
his petition, 20; stopped the 
settling of new colony, 26; 
hindered by Dunbar, 27, 152, 
166; sought confirmation of 
title, 28, 90; sent no account 
of his success, 31; would mis- 
represent, 32, 40; his company 
purchased palatines, 37; his 
agent improved the grant, 40; 
ill oflBce toward Dunbar, 48; 
entitled to land in Falmouth, 
54; asked that Dunbar cease 
disturbing his tenants, 90; 
held deed of the land which 
Phipps had purchased, 149; 
answered the complaints of 
the Penobscots, 151, 155; 
began to settle two towns, 152, 
156, IGl, 164; his titles con- 
firmed, 152, 153; Dunbar 
quitted the land of, 153; to 
resettle towns, 153, 154; treat- 
ed the Indians with amity, 154; 
he can prove he has not ex- 
ceeded his limits, 154; desired 
protection for self and set- 
tlers, 155; hindered by wars, 
166; Indians dissatisfied with, 
187; grants from, 237; attor- 
ney for Township No. Seven, 
238; contracted for Swiss set- 
tlers, 252; petition of, 168, 
162, 164, 170; letter of, 291; 
mentioned, 40, 42, 113, 258, 
269, 285, 287, 289, 290, 297, 
299, 367. 



Walker, Andrew, of Berwick, 428, 
432, 440, 443. 
Eenj., entitled to land in Fal- 
mouth, 54. 
John, of Berwick, 428, 432. 
John, of Falmouth, 54. 
Joshua, of Arundel, 271, 456. 
Samuel, signed petition of Town- 
ship No. One, 245. 
Solomon, of Berwick, 430, 441. 
Thomas, signed petition of Geor- 
gia, 130. 
Wallace, J., Londonderry, 24. 
Wallingford, Thomas, signed peti- 
tion of Berwick, 421. 
Walpole Garrison, 296. 
Walton, Peter, entitled to land in 
Falmouth, 13. 
Shadrach, commander at Fort 
William Henry, 98; would not 
permit Dunbar to enter the 
fort, 98, 99; threatened, 99; his 
orders read, 99; his regiment 
went to Nova Scotia, 107. 
Ward, Capt. Edmund, to cut tim- 
ber, 42; signed petition of 
Township No. One, 245. 
Edward Jr., signed petition of 

Merriconeag, 288. 
Joshua, 173. 

Trustum, of Berwick, 427. 
Warner, Phile, signed petition o^ 

Gloucester, 268. 
Warren, Gilbert, selectman of Ber- 
wick, 250. 
Sir Peter, 301, 302, 303, 308, 309, 
312, 316, 318, 321, 322, 324, 
325, 828, 334, .335, 346, 347, 
348, 379, 381, 387. 
Warrun, James Jr., of Berwick, 

430. 
Wass, John, entitled to land in 

Falmouth, 14. 
Waterhouse, William, of Arundel, 

271. 
Watertown, Mass., 12. 
Watts, Eliza, widow of John, mar- 
ried Penhallow, 92, 108. 
John, as agent to settle Arrow- 
sic, 91, 108; money advanced 
to, 92; his widow married, 92, 
108; employed by Lake, 108; 
built a house at Arrowsic, 108; 
signed petition of Small Point, 
233; signed petition of Bruns- 
wick, 235. 
Lydia, signed petition of Small 
Point, 233; signed petition of 
Brunswick, 235. 



518 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Watts, continued. 

Robert, signed petition of Mer- 
riconeag, 289, 461. 

Samuel, 467. 
Wchit, Charles, 456. 
Webber, Benjamin, 461. 

John, 456. 

John Jr., 456. 

Jonathan, of Merriconeag, 445, 
461. 

Jonathan, of Wells, 456. 

Stephen, 456. 

Wait, of Merriconeag, 207, 445, 
461. 
Weebster, James, entitled to land 

in Falmouth, 14. 
Weeks, William, 461. 
Welch, Joseph, of Berwick, 428, 

432. 
Wellington, J., petition of, 12. 
Wells, home of John Wheelwright, 
22; expenses of the town in 
caring for Mary Smith and 
daughter, 400, 401, 414, 415; 
stores to present a i)etition 
for, 401; desired permission to 
sell part of Mary Smith's es- 
tate, 414, 415; the estate of 
the Smiths, 452, 453; charges 
for preaching in, 468; men- 
tioned, 457, 468, 469, 471, 473, 
474; petitions of, 414, 455. 

Nathaniel, town clerk, 400, 401, 
450. 

Samuel, justice of the peace, 
183, 444, 454; signed memorial 
of Small Point, 217. 
Wendell, Jacob, 238. 
Wenoggonott, 150. 
Wentworth \ Benning, Governor, 
Wintworth j went with Dunbar to 
Fort William Henry, 98; re- 
fused admission, 99; sent sol- 
diers to Annapolis, 344; affida- 
vit, 97; oath, 99. 

Daniel, 111. 

Ebenezer, said a councillor was 
yearly chosen from Sagada- 
hoc, 105, 106; well acquainted 
with Massachusetts, 110, 111; 
affidavit of, 110, 112. 

Ezekiel, of Berwick, 427, 433. 

John, 12, 200. 

Mark H., petition of, 405. 

Samuel, of Berwick, 427, 438. 

Samuel Jr., of Berwick, 427, 438. 

William, shipwright, said that a 
councillor was yearly chosen 
in Sagadahoc, 105, 106; well 
acquainted! with Massachu- 



Wentworth, continued. 

setts, 110, 111; reported what 
he heard, 112; affidavit, 110. 

Werumkee, 231. 

Wesson, Joseph, entitled to land 
in Falmouth, 14. 

West Indies, 34, 38, 128, 262, 346, 
861, 365, 386. 

Westbrook, Col. Thomas, con- 
tractor for masts, 1, 28; or- 
dered to secure trees, unlaw- 
fully cut, 1; would not con- 
tract with Waldo, 3; to take a 
list of Falmouth land claim- 
ants, 13; wanted masts, 41; 
doubted Dunbar, 41; entitled 
to land in Falmouth, 54; friv- 
olous pretensions of, 55; in- 
troduced settlors in Falmouth, 
57; an associate of Leveret, 
120; ordered Capt. Heath to 
dismiss part of his men, 138; 
wanted as a commander, 191; 
built a bridge, 465; letters of, 
15, 41, 172. 

Westminster, 381. 

Westmoreland, Earl of, letters, 17, 
131, 132. 

Whalin, Patrick, signed petition 
of Merriconeag, 289. 

Wharton, W., 107. 

Wheeler, Henry, entitled to land 
in Falmouth, 13; to take a list 
of Falmouth land claimants, 
13; report of, 14; as justice of 
the peace, 187; to take com- 
mand of a company, 189; let- 
ter of, 188. 

Wheelwright, Capt. John, of 
Wells, 22, 144, 145, 414, 453. 
Samuel, of Wells, 414, 471, 474. 

White, Charles, of Arundel, 270. 
Elias, signed petition of Mare 

Point, 200. 
John, entitled to land in Fal- 
mouth, 13; witnessed Phipps' 
purchase, 149. 
Thomas, signed petition of 

Township No. Seven, 237. 
William, entitled to land in Fal- 
mouth, 14. 

Whiting, Col. , 107. 

Whitney, John, 295. 
Nathan, signed petition of 

Township^No. One, 243. 
Samuel, 295. 

Whitt, John, of Berwick, 427. 

Whitten, John, of Arundel, 271. 

Wibird, R., 99. 

Wilder, Joseph, 444. 



INDEX 



519 



Willard, Josiali, secretary, letters 
of, 185, 189, 316, 451; men- 
tioned, 47, 134, 135, 141, 143, 
146, 149, 180, 181, 182, 186, 
199, 208, 210, 214, 221, 222, 
223, 233, 234, 235, 236, 238, 
243, 246, 250, 255, 258, 263, 
268, 274, 283, 286, 289, 294, 
295, 300, 307, 312, 356, 358, 
392, 407, 415, 422, 442, 444, 
454, 455, 457, 459, 467. 
Saml., 290. 

William III, 19, 101, 102, 125, 127, 
157, 406. 

Williams, Capt. , 415. 

Mr. , 219. 

Willson, Alexander, 461. 
James, signed petition of Geor- 
gia, 130. 

Winchell, John, signed petition of 
Merriconeag, 288. 
Samuel, signed petition of Mer- 
riconeag, 207, 288, 461. 

Windsor, Eng., 6. 

Wines, GO. 

Wlnnit, Mr. , 39. 

Winslow, Kenelm, signed petition 
of Damariscotta. 293. 
Nathaniel, signed petition of 

Damariscotta, 293. 
Nathaniel Jr., signed petition of 
Damariscotta, 293. 

Winter Harbor, fort at, 69, 80; 
deputation arrived at, 79, 81; 
good harbor for fishery, 80, 

Winter Island, 82. 

Winthrop, Adam, an associate of 
Leveret, 120; signed petitions 
of Merriconeag, 206, 211, 212, 
216, 220, 221, 222, 227, 230, 233; 
resided at Small Point, 215; 
signed Brunswick petition, 
234, 235; mentioned, 216, 223, 
230, 235. 

Wise, Dr. , of Falmouth, 423. 

Rev. Jeremiah, 393, 443. 
John, of Berwick, 430. 

Witchasick "t ^na oei 

Witchcassetr^^'2^^- 

Vi^odlin, Daniel, of Berwick, 430. 

Wood, Stephen, signed petition of 

Berwick, 249, 421; resided at 

Berwick, 431, 441. 
Thomas, a grantee of New Mar- 

blehead, 141. 
Wood, see Fuel. 

Woodbery ) Joshua, entitled to 

Woodbury ) land in Falmouth, 13. 

Thomas, entitled to land in Fal 

mouth, 13. 



Woodman, Joseph, signed petition 
of Township No. One, 243. 

Woods to be preserved, 6, 35, 40, 
42, 48, 65. 

Woodside, Capt, James, in com- 
mand at Saco, 63; information 
given him, 64; had command 
at Winter Harbor, 69, 80; gave 
report of ammunition, 80; 
signed petition of Georgia, 
130. 
Capt. William, signed petition 
of Georgia, 130; gave power 
of attorney, 271, 272; signed 
petition of Brunswick, 273, 
277; protest of, 296. 

Woodsum, John, resided in Ber- 
wick, 427, 432. 
Joseph, resided in Berwick, 427. 
Joseph Jr., resided in Berwick, 

427, 432. 
Michael, resided in Berwick, 
429. 

Woolens, 323. 

Wordon, Benj., resided at Ber- 
wick, 428. 

Wormwood, Joseph, of Wells, 467. 

Woster, John, of Berwick, 427, 
433. 
Samuel, of Berwick, 427, 433. 
Timothy, entitled to land in 
Falmouth, 13. 

Wright, Cawley, grantee of New 
Marblehead, 140. 

Wyman, Francis, 447. 



Yarmouth, 178. 

Yets, James, signed petition of 

Township No. Seven, 237. 

York, 22, 23, 65, 173, 175, 180, 255, 

269, 291, 392, 393, 395, 469. 

Goal, 406. 

County, 17, 22, 23, 55, 61, 99, 
100, 139, 147, 148, 157, 177, 
179, 182, 187, 197, 199, 204, 
206, 210, 211, 220, 232, 234, 
237, 247, 250, 266, 271, 272, 
275, 276, 277, 282, 291, 292, 
296, 395, 396, 406, 411, 412, 
414, 416, 434, 448, 466, 467, 
468. 

Benjamin, entitled to land in 
Falmouth, 13. 

James, Duke of, 25, 101, 115; 
see also James II. 

P., letters of, 112, 128. 



520 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Young, Robert, signed petition of , Edwor, of Berwick, 428. 

Township No. Seven, 237. ^ Henerey, of Berwick, 428. 

n , James Jr., signed petition 

"^ of Township No. One, 243. 

ZuBEBBUHLER, Mr. , garri- , Thomas, signed petition 

son of, 296. of Township No. One, 245. 



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