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Full text of "Documentary history of the state of Maine .."

F16 
M28d 
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iWdint (6cttealoqtrul jSarietti, 



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Portland. Maine 



Accession en ID BY "WE. 



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$4f 



COLLECTIONS 

OF TIIE 

MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

SECOND SERIES 



DOCUMENTARY 

HISTOKY OF THE STATE OF MAINE 

VOL. XII 

CONTAINING 

THE BAXTER MANUSCRIPTS 



EDITED 



By JAMES PHINNEY BAXTER, A. M., Litt. D. 



PUBLISHED BY THE MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY, AIDED BY 
APPROPRIATIONS FROM THE STATE 



PORTLAND 

LEFAVOR-TOWER COMPANY 

1908 



■ *jy OF TKl 

' , - ■ ■ ■ - I 

Copyright 1908 
By the Maine Historical Society 



Press of 
Lefavor-Tower Company, Portland 



F16 
M28d 



PREFACE 



THE present volume ( number twelve of the Document- 
ary Series ) is the seventh volume of the manuscript 
documents which I have collected from American and Euro- 
pean archives. My design has been to continue the publica- 
tion of these documents to the time of the separation of the 
State from Massachusetts ; but it is doubtful if I shall be 
able to do so. Should I not complete the task which I have 
desired to accomplish, it is my hope that someone may think 
it worthy of the labor required to finish it. 

JAMES PHINNEY BAXTER. 

Mackworth Island, 
Sept. 1, 1908. 



49: 






CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE OF CONTENTS 



1749 June 

June 
June 
June 
Aug. 
Aug. 
Aug. 
Aug. 
Aug. 

Sept. 
Oct. 

Nov. 

Nov. 
Nov. 
Dec. 
Dec. 
Dec. 
Dec. 
Dec. 
Dec. 
Dec. 
Dec. 
Dec. 
Dec. 



1749-50 



Dec. 
Jan. 
Jan. 
Jan. 
Jan. 
Feb. 
Feb. 

Mar. 
Mar. 



Aug. 8«i, 



6 Petition of John Mitchell of Wells and 
Jacob Curtis of Arundel, 

8 Report, 

13 Answer, 

23 Governor's Message, . 

Petition of Humphry Hobbs, 
8 Governor's Message, . 
12 " " . 

15 Answer to Governor's Message of 

16 Vote, 

Petition of Joseph Frye, . 

22 Letter II. Pepperell to Brigadier Waldo, 

21 " Francis Waldo to his father, 

22 Petition of Jabez Fox, Atty., 

" Second Parish in Falmouth, 

23 Speech of tbe Lieut. Govr, . 
30 Letter N. Sparhawk to Brigadier Waldo, 

4 " Enoch Freeman to Thos. Hutchinson, 

6 " Chas. Procter to Sam 1 Waldo, 

7 " Isaac Winslow to Sam'l Waldo, 
7 Message, 



11 Votes, 

12 Letter Eph. Williams Jr to Brigr Gen. Waldo, 
15 " Jno Gerrish to Sam'l Waldo Esq., 

19 " Secry Willard to Gov. Shirley (in London), 
23 tl Secry Willard to the Justices of the 

Court, 

28 Letter Thomas Henderson, .... 

9 Message, 

11 Letter Lawrence Barrow to Major Gen. Waldo, 
23 " James Allen to Hon. Sam'l Waldo, 
26 " Isaac Winslow to Sam'l Waldo, 

3 " Isaac Winslow, .... 

20 " Isaac Winslow, 

" Chas Procter to Sam'l Waldo, 

8 " N. Sparhawk, 

19 " Isaac Winslow to Hon Sam> Waldo, 
Answer to Pet n of Second Parish of Falmouth 
Petition — Wiscasset, .... 



1 

2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

14 

15 

16 

18 

21 

21 

24 

25 

27 

30 

30 

31 

32 

33 

34 

34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 
41 
43 
45 
45 
46 
47 
49 



Vlll CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 

PAGE 

1749-50 Mar. 19 Memorial, 51 

1751 April 3 Report, 54 

1750 Votes, on petitions of Capt Hobbs & Cap* 

Pierson, 54 

April 17 Vote, on petition of J. Molton & others, . 58 

May 7 Letter W m Sherriff to Secry Willard, . . 59 

May 25 Inhabts of Sheepscot — Petition, ... 61 

Petition of inhabitants of Kennebunk, . . 63 
June 1 Letter Ez. dishing & others to Hon. Jeremiah 

Moulton, 65 

June 2 Answer, 68 

June 8 Voted, 68 

June 28 Message, 69 

July 4 Letter W m Shirreff to Josiah Willard Esqr, . 70 

July 7 " Sec r y Willard to Capt. Thos. Saunders, . 71 

July 26 " J. Willard, 72 

Lt Lieut. Gov. Phips to Capt. Jabez Brad- 
bury, 73 

July 27 Letter J. Willard, 73 

Aug. 2 " Thos. Fletcher to Lt Gov. Phips, . . 74 
Aug. 3 " Thos. Fletcher to Capt. Thomas Hen- 
derson, ........ 74 

Aug. 20 Letter Thos. Fletcher to Lt Gov. Phips, . . 75 

Aug. 21 Instructions to Capt. Thomas Sanders, . . 76 

Aug. 29 Letter to Lord Colvill, 77 

Sept. 3 Fort George in Brunswick, .... 78 

Sept. 7 Letter Wm Phips to Lt. Gov. Phips, . . 79 

" W m Phips to Capt Lithgow, . . 80 
" Capt. J. Bradbury to the Commanding 

Officer at Pemaquid, 80 

Sept. 10 Letter S. Phips to Jabez Bradbury, . . 81 

" Sam'l Denny to L» Gov. Phips, . . 82 

" to Col. Israel Williams, ... 83 

" Lt Gov. Phips to Hon. Jera Moulton, . 84 

Sept. 11 " J° Oulton to Lt Gov. Phips, . . 84 

Sept. 12 " Lt Gov. Phips to Capt. W™ Lithgow, . 86 

11 S. Phips to Capt. Jab. Bradbury, . 87 
" Selectmen & al. of No. Yarmouth to Lt 

Gov. Phips, 87 

Sept. 14 Letter Lt Gov. Phips to Col. Ezekl Cushing, . 88 

Sept. 21 " Thos. Chute to Major Freeman, . . 89 

Sept. 22 " Col. Ezekl Cushing to Lt Gov. Phips, . 90 

Sept. 26 Lieut. Governor's Speech, 81 

Petition of Inhabitants on the Frontiers, . 92 

Sept. 27 Letter Samuell Denny, ...... 98 

Report, 94 



OF CONTENTS IX 

PAGE 

1750 8ept. 29 Orders L» Gov. Phips to Lt Col. dishing, . . 96 
Letters Lt Gov. Phips to Col. Cushing, . . 97 

Oct. 1 Message from the HonMe Board, ... 97 

Oct. 3 Petition of Settlers & Inhabitants of upper part 

of S' Georges River, 98 

Petition of S. Whittemore & Israel Averell, . 100 
Oct. 6 Letter W" Lithgow to Lt Gov. Phips, . . 101 

Oct. 9 Governor's Message, 103 

Letter S r W m Pepperrell to Hon Josiah 

Willard, 103 

Oct. 10 Letter Jabez Bradbury to Lt Gov. Phips, . . 104 
" SecT Willard to Phinehas Stevens, . 105 
Oct. 15 " SecT Willard to Capt. Phinehas Stevens, 106 
" Secry Willard to Gov. W™ Shirley, . 107 
Oct. 19 " Secry Willard to Sr W» u Pepperrell, . . 108 
Oct. 23 " Phinehas Stevens to Lt Gov. Phips, . 108 
Dec. 13 Certificate "New Town granted at the head of 

the Town of Berwick," 109 

John Wheelwright's Account with Truckmas- 

ters, Ill 

Jan. Letter Jos. da badis de St Castin to Lt. Gov. 

Phips, . . . . . . . .121 

Jan. 24 Committee on St Casteens Letter, . . . 122 

Jan. 25 Report of Committee, 122 

Letter Joseph da badis de S l Castin to Lt Gov. 

Phips, 123 

Feb. 15 Report, 125 

1750-51 Feb. 19 Letter Lt Gov. Phips to Jos. de badis de St 

Castin, 126 

Mar. 12 Letter Secry Willard to Major J. H. Lydius, . 127 

128 
129 
129 
131 
134 
134 
136 
136 
137 
137 
138 
138 
139 
140 
140 



1751 April 2 Message, 

April 3 

Memorial of Richard Hazzen, .... 
April 4 Petition &c. Third Parish of Kittery, 

Message, 

April 11 

Memorandum of Mr. W m Pote, 
Letter Thomas Fletcher to Capt. David Dunning, 
" Thos Henderson to Lt Gov. Phips, 
April 14 " Thos Fletcher to Capt \?m Lithgow, 
April 15 " John North to Lt Gov. Phips, . 

" John Oulton to Lt Gov. Phips, 
April 16 " Enoch Freeman to Lt Gov. Phips, . 

" Alexr Nikels to Lt Gov. Phips, 
April 18 " Alexr Nikels to Jabez Bradbury, 



May 1 Lieu* Governor's Letter to Capt. Nichols, . 141 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 



1751 



May 
May 
May 



May 
May 
May 
May 
May 
June 
June 
June 
June 

June 
June 
June 
June 



1752 


May 




May 




June 




June 




June 




June 




July 




Deer 


1753 


Jan. 


1752 


Mar. 


1753 


April 




April 



1 Letter Secry Willard to Capt. W>» Lithgow 

2 " Col. Moulton & others to Lt Gov. Phips, 
25 Berwick Petition, 

Petition of the Grantees of Land adjoining No 

Yarmouth, 

27 Depositions, 

27 Letter Jno Oulton to L« Gov. Phips, . 

28 " Ezeki Cushing to Lt Gov. Phips, 

3 Record, 



June 
June 

June 
Aug. 
Aug. 
Sept. 
Oct. 



G Letter W m Pepperrell, .... 

6 Petition of Sir W m Pepperrell, . 

7 " of the Selectmen of Brunswick, 

8 Letter Enoch Freeman to Lt Gov. Phips, 

" Jabez Bradbury to Lt Gov. Phips, 
Job Averell to Capt. Alex r Nickels, 
Lt Gov. Phips to Capt. W m Lithgow, 
Lt Gov. Phips to Col. Ezkl Cushing, 
Lt Gov. Phips to Col. Ezkl Cushing, 
" Lt Gov. Phips to Capt. Jabez Bradbury, 
" Lt Gov. Phips to Capt. W m Lithgow, 

25 " John Gatchel to Col. Ezkl Cushing, 

26 " Enoch Freeman to Lt Gov. Phips, 
" Jacob Wendell to Hon. Josiah Willard, 

30 " John North to Lt Gov. Phips, 
6 "Sir W m Pepperrell to Lt Gov. Phips, 

9 " Josiah Willard to Col. Israel Williams, 
25 Answer to Petition of Third Parish In Kittery 
10 Petition, 

New Marblehead, 

Second Parish in Falmouth, 

Petition, 

28 Lieut. Governor's Speech, 

29 Phillipstown Petition, 177 



PAGE 
142 

142 
144 

149 
147 
147 
148 
150 
150 
151 
151 
152 
154 
155 
156 
157 
158 
159 
16 
160 
161 
162 
162 
164 
165 
166 
166 
171 
172 
174 
175 
177 



5 Letter Lt Gov. Phips to Capt. Jabez Bradbury, 

24 " Gov. Shirley to Secry Willard, 

25 " to the Agent in England, . 

27 " L* Gov. Phips to the Board of Trade, 
25 Mons r Longeiiil to Lt Gov. Phips, 

14 Petition, 

3 " 

9 Letter Capt. W m Lithgow to Lt Gov. Phips, 
" John Lane to Hon. Josiah Willard, . 
Bond of Joseph Plaisted to Sam'l Walton, 
Petition of Joseph Plaisted, 
27 Letter Gov. Shirley to Sec'y Willard, 



179 
180 
184 
186 
190 
193 
199 
201 
202 
203 
205 
206 



OF CONTENTS XI 

PAGE 

1753 Adril 27 Petition, 210 

June 12 " of the Inhabitants of Lands on Kenne- 
bec River, 211 

June Answer to Sheepscot Petition, .... 213 

Letter L* Gov. Phips to Capt. Jabez Bradbury, 215 

June 12 Lieut. Governor's Message, .... 216 

Sept r 7 New Casco Petition, 217 

Answer, 220 

Sept. 10 George Town Precinct, 220 

Sept. 11 Message to the Governor, .... 221 

Sept. 13 Answer to Message, 2l'4 

Sept. 18 Letter .John Wheelwright to the Comm rs , . 225 

Oct. 23 "to Jerea Moulton, 225 

" to Capt. John North, .... 226 

Nov. 30 4i Nathi Wheelwright to Gov. Shirley, . 228 

Dec. 5 Speech, 231 

Dec. 13 Message, 232 

Dec. 20 Report, 234 

Dec. 21 Letter Josiah Willard to Capt. W'» Lithgow, . 235 

1754 Jan. 3 " Secry Willard to Col. Preble, . . 236 
Jan. 4 Message of Both Houses to His Excellency, . 236 
Mar. 4 Letter Gov. Shirley to Capt. Phinehas Stevens, 241 
Mar. 6 " Gov. Shirley to Capt. B. Muggeridge, . 242 
Mar. 7 " Gov. Shirley to Capt. Berry & others, . 243 

Mar. 13 Wiscasset Petition, 243 

Mar. 18 Letter Gov. Shirley to Capt. Muggeridge & 

others, 245 

Mar. 28 The Governor's Speech, 246 

Petition of Ezekiel Cushing & Wife, . . . 254 

April 1 257 

April 11 Letter Gov. Shirley to Bartholemew, . . 258 

" Gov. Shirley to Capt Jonathn Bane, . 259 

April 15 Commission to James Bain, .... 259 

April 22 Letter Gov. Shirley to Gov. Wentworth, . 260 

April 25 " Gov. Shirley to Capt. John North, . . 261 

Mr. Franklin to Mr. Partridge, . . . 262 
May 10 Letter Gov. Shirley to the Naval Officer at New- 
bury, 264 

Letter Gov. Shirley to Hon. Col. John Greenleaf, 265 

May 15 " Capt. Chas. Morris, .... 266 
May 23 First Parish in Wells — Petition, . . .267 

Memorial, 269 

" of Sam'l Goodwin 270 

Answer to Petition of Ezekiel Cushing & others, 274 

June Petition, 276 

June 4 Extracts from Message, 278 



Xll 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 



PAGE 

1754 June 4 Vote, 280 

June 6 Message, 281 

June 8 Col. Winslow's Memorial, .... 281 

Message, 282 

June 9 Communication from Selectmen of Boston, . 283 

June 13 Message, 283 

June 14 Report, 284 

June 21 Letter T. Robinson to Gov. Shirley, . . . 285 

July 8 " Gov. Shirley to Secretary Willard, . 286 

Speech of the River Indians, .... 288 

July 10 Message, 290 

July 12 Letter Secry Willard to Gov. Shirley, . . 290 

July 20 " Secry Willard to Gov. Shirley, . . 292 

Aug. 19 Gov Shirley to Sir Thomas Robinson, . . 292 

Jesuit of the Penobcots to the Jesuit of the Nor- 

ridgewalks, 304 

Aug. 20 Letter Secry Willard to Gov. Shirley, . . 306 

Sept. 1 " Secry Willard to Gov. Shirley, . . 307 

Sept. 3 " Gov. Shirley to Secretary Willard, . . 308 

Oct. 4 Second Parish in Falmouth. Petition, . . 310 

Oct. 11 Letter Lt. Jas Howard to Lt Gov. Phips, . . 312 

Petition of Joseph Plaisted Adm r , . . . 813 
" of Ichabod Goodwin & Hannah Ayer 

Admors, 317 

Oct. 17 Wiscasset Petition, 317 

Oct. 18 Speech Gov. Shirley, 320 

Oct. 31 Message Gov. Shirley, 333 

Nov. 6 " " " 833 

Nov. 7 Order, 384 

Nov. 11 Message, 835 

Nov. 12 Letter Gov. Shirley to Capts Lithgow & Brad- 
bury, 335 

Warrant to Capt. Lithgow, 336 

Nov. 21 Message, 336 

Dec. 2 Extract of Letter from Capt. John Hamilton to 

Dr Sylvester Gardiner, 337 

Dec. 10 Message Gov. Shirley, 338 

1755 Jan. 3 Letter Gov. Shirley to Capt. W™ Lithgow, . 339 
Jan. 9 " Capt. Wm Lithgow to Gov. Shirley, . 340 
Jan. 18 " Gov. Shirley to Majr Denny & Capt. 

Watts, 344 

Letter Gov. Shirley to Capt. W" Lithgow, . 344 

Feb. 3 Deposition of Abiel Goodwin, .... 345 

Answer to petition of Joseph Plaisted, Adni°r, 346 

Feb. 7 Governor's Speech, . . . . . . 350 

Message, 362 



OF CONTENTS 



Xlll 



1755 



Feb. 
Feb. 
Feb. 
Feb. 

Mar. 
Mar. 

Mar. 

Mar. 

Mar. 

April 

April 

April 

April 

May 

May 

May 

May 

May 
May 
June 

June 
June 
June 
June 



June 
June 
June 

June 
June 



June 19 

July 
July 3 



July 
July 
July 
July 
July 



PAGE 

" Tho" Fletcher to Gov. Shirley, . . 362 

" Gov. Shirley to James Johnson, . . 363 

" Capt. W m Lithgow to Gov. Shirley, . 364 

" Capt. W m Lithgow to Gov. Shirley, . 374 

Report of Committee, ..... 375 

Letter James Howard to Gov. Shirley, . . 376 

" Gov. Shirley to Capt. Wm Lithgow, . 377 

" Gov. Shirley to Col. Ezekiol Cashing, . 879 

" Capt. W m Lithgow to Gov. Shirley, . 380 

27 Message, 383 

28 384 

2 Letter to Col. Ezekiel dishing, .... 385 
" Alex' Nikels to Gov. Shirley, . . 386 
" Capt. Wm Lithgow to Gov. Shirley, . 387 
" Mattheys Ramley to Gov. Shirley, . 390 
11 T. Fletcher to Gov. Shirley, . . .391 
" Capt. W m Lithgow to Gov. Shirley, . 391 
" Capt. Wm Lithgow to Gov. Shirley, . 393 
" E. Freeman for Col. Ezkl Gushing to 

Gov. Shirley, 396 

Letter Gov. Shirley to Col. Ezkl Cushing, . . 397 

" Gov. Shirley to Capt. Wm Lithgow, . 398 

" Henry Little to C. C. Leissner, . . 398 

" C. C. Leissner to Gov. Shirley, . . 399 
" Josiah Beal to Gov. Shirley, . . .400 

•' Benja Burton to Thos. Proctor, . . 402 

" Capt. Wm Lithgow to Gov. Shirley, . 402 

9 Petition of Caleb Ilutchings, .... 405 

Votes, 408 

Message of the House to His Excellency, . 411 

11 Report of Committee, 412 

12 Message Gov. Shirley, 413 

13 " " " 414 

Message, 415 

12 Order Govr Shirley to Col. Ezkl Cushing, . . 416 

14 Letter Capt. Wm Lithgow to J. Wheelwright, . 416 

" Tho. Killpatrick to the Gov. and Council, 419 

Instructions, 420 

Letter J. Willard, Secy to Jacob Fowles, . 421 

Petition, 421 

3 Memorial of French Inhabitants of Annapolis 

River, 422 

4 Council at Governor's House, Halifax, . . 433 

14 " " " " . • 434 

15 " " " " . . 435 
25 " " " " 437 

3 Letter Robt Monckton to Gov. Shirley, . . 443 



13 
15 
20 
21 

5 

8 

22 



xiv CHRONOLOGICAL, TABLE 

PAGE 

1755 July 11 Petition, 444 

July 15 Letter to Capt. W"> Lithgow, . . . .444 

July 18 Lt Gov. Lawrence to Sir Thomas Robinson,. 445 

Letter Capt. W m Lithgow to J. Wheelwright, . 447 

" Capt. Wm Lithgow to Lt Gov. Phips, . 449 

Aug. Extract from Lt Gov's Speech, .... 452 

Aug. 8 Letter Rob* Monckton to Lt Gov. Phips, . 453 

Report of Committee, ...... 454 

Aug. 9 Message, 455 

Aug. 11 Lieut. Gov. Lawrence to the Governors on the 

Continent, 455 

Aug. 12 Order, 457 

Aug. 15 Letter Capt. George Berry to Lt Gov. Phipps, . 458 

Aug. 16 " Lieut. Gov. Phips to Capt. Wm Lithgow, 459 

Aug. 18 " Lieut. Gov. Phips to Capt. W™ Lithgow, 459 

Aug. 27 " Capt. Sam'l Goodwin to Lt Gov. Phips, 460 

Sept. 4 " Capt. W" Lithgow to L* Gov. Phips, . 461 

Sept. 9 " Capt. Wm Lithgow to Lt Gov. Phips, . 463 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



OF THE 



STATE OK MAINE 



Petition of John Mitchell of Wells and Jacob Curtis of Arundel. 

To his Excellency William Shirley Esq r Captain General 
and Governour in Chief The Honourable the Council 
and the Honourable House of Representatives of His 
Majestys Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New 
England in General Court assembled 
The Petition of John Mitchell of Wells and Jacob Curtis 
of Arundell in the County of York Agents for the Petitioners 
praying a New Parish may be Set off partly out of Wells and 
part of Arundell 
Most humbly Sheweth 

That as the Seting off a New Parish as aforesaid will 
greatly accommodate the Petitioners They therefore most 
humbly pray this Great and Hon ble Court would be pleased 
to favour the Petitioners so far as to appoint a Committee to 
View the Situation and Circumstances of the said Parish if 
there shall be occasion and make report thereon what they 
Judge most reasonable to be done in the premisses The Peti- 
tioners paying the Cost and Charge of the Committees Ser- 
vice in the premisses and what shall arise thereon. 
And Your Peti rs as is duty bound Shall ever pray &c 

John Mitchell 



June 6 th 174 9. 



i Agents 
Jacob Curtis ) 



2 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Report. June 8, 1749. 

The Committee appointed to take under Consideration 
the first Paragraph of his Excellencys Speech & make 
report have attended that service and are humbly of 
Opinion 
That if upon Cap 1 Saunder's return from the Eastward it 
shall appear that the Indians have not agreed to send their 
Delegates to Boston but continue to ask for a Treaty else- 
where, his Excellency be desired either in Person or by 
Commission to treat with said Indians in such Part of the 
province as he shall think proper — 

That if the Indians shall insist upon a Trade with the 
Province his Excellency or the Commissioners be improved 
in behalf of the Government to engage that A such Trade 
shall be carry'd on with as great advantage to the Indians as 
may be without Loss to the province & at any place or 
places near the Sea & as far from our Settlements as shall be 
thought proper but not farther Eastward than the Penobscot 
Which is humbly submitted by order 

W m Pepperrell 
In Council ; June 8. 1749 : Read & Sent down. 



In the House of Rep™ June 8. 1740 
Read and Ordered that this Report be accepted. 
Sent up for concurrence 

Joseph Dwight Sp kr 
In Council June 9. 1749 Read and Concur'd with the 
Amendment at A 

Sent down for Concurrence by Order 

W m Pepperrell 
A That the said Indians shall be supplyd with Goods at 
as cheap rates as they shall then be sold, in like quantitys in 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 6 

the Town of Boston & that they shall be allowd the full 
price their Peltry will sell for in Boston ; that the said Trade 
provided the Indians will agree to it shall be carry' d on at 
one place only not further East than Georges, but if the 
Indians will not agree to one place only that his Excell y or 
the Commissioners be then impower'd to consent to two places 
& no more one at Georges the other at Richmond and his 
Excellency be desird to give Order that Stores at the Truck 
Houses at Saco & Brunswick be upon the Conclusion of Peace 
transported to Boston as soon as may be. 

In the House of Rep™ June 10, 1749. Read & Non- 
concur'd and the House adhere to their own Vote Sent up 
for concurrence 

Joseph Dwight Sp kr 

In Council June 13, 1749. Read & Nonconcur'd and the 
Board adhere to their own Vote. Sent down for Con- 
currence by order of the board 

J. Osborne 



Answer. 

In Council June:. 13 th 1749 
Read and Ordered that the prayer of the Petition be 
Granted and that the Lands & Islands mentioned in the 
Petition togather with the Gore of Land So called Lying 
between North Yarmouth & Brunswick with the North East 
part of the Island called great Sebaskadegon with the Inhab- 
itants that are or may be Settled thereon be & hereby are 
Erected into a distinct & seperate precinct to Enjoy all 
powers and previledges as other precincts by Law do Enjoy. 
& that Capt John Stover a principall Inhabitant there is 
hereby Impowered to call the first precinct meeting sometime 



4 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

in y e month of July next for the Choice of precinct Officers 
to Continue to y e Annuall meeting in March next. 
Sent down for Concurrence by Ord r of the Board. 

J : Osborne 
In the House of Rep ves June 14, 1749 

Read & Concur'd Joseph Dwight Sp* r 

Consented to W Shirley 

Governor's Message. June 23, 1749. 

Gentlemen of the Council & House of Rep ves 
As you were present at the Interview between me & the 
Indians of the Penobscot & Norridgewalk Tribes this Fore- 
noon, and have heard what kind of Power they have from 
their Tribes to treat with me ; and the Answers they made 
upon some Points I mov'd to e'm, and are also appriz'd of 
the Attack made three days ago upon Number Four by 
some of the Indian enemy, which I receiv'd Intelligence 
of in the Council Chamber, I shall be glad of your Opinion 
& Advice how far & upon what Points it may be expedient 
for me to treat with these Indians at present. 

W Shirley 
Council Chamber June 23 d 1749. 

In the House of Rep ves June 23, 1749 

Read and Ordered that m r Speaker Col Appleton 
Col Heath Col Willard Maj r Lawrence Col Choate Col 
Storer Th° Foster Esq r & M r Hall with such as the Hon ble 
Board shall Joyn be a Comm tee to take this Mess e and the 
Letters from Israel W m8 Esq r and Caleb How under consider- 
ation and report what they Judge proper for this Court to do 
thereon. The Comm ee to sit forthwith 

Sent up for concurrence J Dwight Sp kr 

In Council June 23, 1749 Read & Concur'd & Jacob 
Wendell, Thomas Berry, Joseph Wilder, Samuel Watts, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



James Minot, Andrew Oliver & Thomas Hutchinson Esq 1 
are joined in the Affair 

J Willard Secry 



Province of the Massachusetts Bay 

To His Excellency William Shirley Esq r Cap 1 Generall & 

Governour in Chief, The Hon ble Council and House of 

Represent 118 in Generall Court Assembled at Boston 

Aug 1 1749 — 

The Petition of Humphry Hobbs, late Cap 1 of a Company 

of Voluntiers in the Service of said Province, in behalf of 

himself, and said Comp y / 

Most humbly Shews, That your Petitioner himself has for 
about Four Years Last past, been in the Service of this Prov- 
ince ; and humbly hopes he has therein behaved to y e Accept- 
ance of y r Excellency & this Hon ble Court ; and he can truly 
say, he had no other View than to Oppose the Common 
Enemy, in which he has never saved himself, but has always 
been forward therein, and exerted himself to y e Utmost of 
his Power, That in Consequence of the Encouragement given 
by this Hon ble Court, he did y e Last Year Raise a Company 
of Voluntiers, who are now all Dismis'd — 

That your Petitioner and his Said Company, are very 
desireous of Settling & bringing forward, a Town Ship, or New 
Plantation in the frontier parts of y e Province, and if they 
can obtain, y e Grant of a Tract of Land Sufficient for a Town 
Ship, they are Willing to Subject themselves to a Regular 
personale Settlement, In two Years from the Surveyors Return 
& Acceptance of a plan thereof; and have g nothing less in 
View, — and being Really Willing to Settle a new Town 
Ship, — they most humbly Pray that of your Excellency & 
Honours Great Goodness, they may Obtain a Grant of Six 
mile Square in some Sutable Place in the County of York, 



b DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

to be granted to y r Petitioners, & Such others as y r Excel- 
lency & honou_ Shall Please to Admitt. Under such 
Restrictions, & Conditions, of Settlements, as Shall be Just 
& Reasonable, and as In duty bound Shall Ever pray &c 

Humphry Hobbs 



Governor's Message. Aug. 8, 17Jf9. 

Gentlemen of the Council & House of Represent ves 
There being divers of our Captives still in the hands of 
the French & Indians of Canada ; And as I apprehend it 
incumbent on this Governm 1 ( especially in this time of 
Peace ) to use all Means for their Recovery & Return home 
to their Country, as well as for the Deliverance of the 
Prisoners of the Six Nations in Canada ; Therefore I desire 
you would consider these Matters, & advise what may be the 
surest way to effect them ; and that you ( Gentlemen of the 
House of Represent ves ) would provide for the Charge that 
may arise thereon, if it may be thought proper to engage in 
these Affairs 

Gentlemen ; I would further recommend to your Consider- 
ation the Benefits which may result to this Province by an 
Interview with some of the Chiefs of the Cagnawaga Indians ; 
And I would observe to you, if there be a Prospect that such 
an Interview may be of Service to us, It ought to be speedily 
undertaken lest the French make their Advantage by our 
Delay ; And therefore I desire to know your Mind upon this 

Affair as soon as may be. 

W Shirley 
Council Chamber 8 Aug 8t 1749. 

In the house of Rep tve8 Aug 1 9, 1749 
His Excel cys Message of Yesterday, according to order was 
read Again - and Ordered that Col Williams James Allen 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 7 

Esq r and M r Hall together with Such as the Hon ble Board 
shall Join be a Com tee to take y e same into Consideration so 
far as it is directed to Both houses and also y e Pet n of 
Phineas Stevens, and report as soon as may be what is prop r 
for this Court to do thereon. 
Sent up for Concurrence 

Joseph Richards Cler Dom Rep : 

g Order 

In Council Aug. 9 1749 Read and Concurr'd and Jacob 
Wendell and Joseph Pyncheon Esq 18 are join'd in the Affair. 

Sam 1 Holbrook D^ Secry 

In the House of Rep tlve8 Aug st 10 th 1749 
Voted that Col° Choate & M r John Tyng be added to the 
Com tee appointed to Consider & Report upon his Exc y8 
Message of the 8 tu Instant 

Sent up for Concurrance J Dwight Sp kr 

In Council Aug: 10. 1749 Read and Concurr'd and 
Sir William Pepperell and Sylvanus Bourne Esq" are added 
to said Committee 

Sent down for Concurrence 

J Willard Secy 



Governor's Message. 

Gentlemen of the House of Represent™ 
The Secretary informs me that the two Houses have voted 
to desire me to dismiss the Remainder of the Forces in the 
Eastern Frontiers except the Garrison Soldiers, which will 
make it necessary that a Guard sh d be taken out of the 
Militia in the Town of Falmouth to attend the Commis- 
sioners in the designed Treaty with the Indians ; And there- 
fore I desire you would provide for the charge of such a 



8 DOCTJMKNTABY HISTORY 

Guard. And I take this Occasion to acquaint you that I 
shall appoint Sir William Pepperell & Thomas Hutchinson 
Esq 1 of the Council, & John Choate, Israel Williams & 
James Otis Esq r8 of Your House to be Commiss 18 for the 
Service afores d W Shirley 

Council Chamber Aug 4 11. 1749. 

In the House of Repres ves Aug: 12 1749 
This House having taken into Consideration the Message 
of His Excellency the Governour of yesterday, Voted that 
His Excellency be desired to give His Orders to the Com- 
manding Officer of the Regiment of Militia in the Eastern 
part of the County of York, that he detach Fifty Men 
belonging to the Foot Companys of the Town of Falmouth, 
to be put under the Command of a proper officer, And that 
they attend the Commissioners appointed at the proposed 
Interview with the Indians the 27 th of September next. 

And that there be allowed pay and Subsistance to the said 
Soldiers for the time they Shall be upon Duty, as this Court 
shall Order. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

J D wight Spk r 
In Council Aug 12 th 1749 

Read and Concurr'd J Willard Secry 

Consented to W Shirley 

Answer to Governor s Message of Aug. 8, 1749. Aug. 15, 1749. 

In the House of Represent™ Aug* 12, 1749. 
The House taking into Consideration his Excellency's 
Message of the eighth Currant, Thereupon Voted That His 
Excellency be desired to commissionate two Gentlemen, that 
shall be chosen by this Court, that they proceed to Canada 
forthwith, whose business shall be to redeem Captives in the 
hands of the French & Indians ; and to forward the Redemp- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 9 

tion of the Captives of the Six Nations in the hands of the 
French ; — The said Commissioners to act in all these 
Matters agreable to such Instructions as they shall receive 
from this Court. 

Sent up for Concurrence J Dwight Spk r 

In Council Aug* 15. 1749 Read & Concur'd 

S. Holbrook D* Secry 
Copy examined g J Willard Secry 

Vote. 1749. 

In the House of Representatives August 16, 1749. 
Voted, That upon the Ratification of the Peace with the 
Several Tribes of Indians, a Trade be opened and carried on 
with them at the Truck-Houses at Richmond and S* Georges. 
That two Truck masters be annually chosen and appointed 
by this Court who shall be under Oath and Bonds with Suffi- 
cient Sureties, for the faithful Discharge of their Trust. 

And Whereas there were Rules & Rates Settled by which 
the Commissary General govern'd himself in carrying on the 
Trade with the Indians in time of the last Peace with them, 
and has conformed himself to the same Rules with respect 
to the Goods lately Sent to those Truck Houses, and has 
given directions to the officers there as to the prices of Goods 
& Furrs accordingly Voted That the said Commissary Gen- 
eral be directed ( as said Ratification of Peace shall be com- 
pleated) to continue the Trade with the Indians in the Same 
Method he has done, till the further Order of this Court. 
And that private Trade with the Indians be restrained as 
formerly. 

Sent up for Concurrence J. Dwight Sp kr 

In Council Aug: 17. 1749 

Read and Concurr'd Sam 1 Holbrook D ty Secry 

Consented to W Shirley 



10 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petition of Joseph Frye 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay 

To His Excellency the Governor, To the Honourable His 
Majestys Council & House of Representatives of said 
Province in general Court Assembled 
The Petition of Joseph Frye Humbly Sheweth 

That under the Patronage of this Government He under- 
took the Settlement of a new Township ( now called Frye- 
burg ) at Pigwacket in the County of York, which being so 
far in the Wilderness as to render the getting a Passage 
thereto, that would make a Road for Wheel Carriages exceed- 
ing Difficult. It cast a very gloomy Aspect upon the Under- 
taking. — But, as Such a Road must first be had, or it would 
be in Vain to Attempt the Settlement of the Place. Your 
Petitioner and Associates exerted Themselves to the utmost 
of Their Power to find a Passage that would Answer that 
Purpose. — Made two Expensive Tryals on Different Courses, 
and carried each Road the greatest part of the way thro' the 
woods, and then mett Insuperable Impediments in Their way, 
by means whereof Their Labour on those two Routs was 
intirely lost, and They almost Discouraged — However Your 
Petitioner used means which revived the Courage of His 
Associates to abide by Him in a Third Tryal Pitched upon a 
Time when He would go ( with two Men only ) to look out 
the way and Accordingly went, and thro' much Difficulty 
found a Passage thro' the Wilderness which He thought 
might Possibly Answer and made Report thereof to his 
Associates, who thereupon went with Him, clear'd, Bridg'd 
& Causeway'd the same where it wanted ( except great & 
Little Ossapee Rivers ) Then Measured the Road & found, 
That from the Town then called Phillipstown ( which was 
the Place of Their Departure) to Fryeburg was fifty four 
miles. And also found the Cost They had been put to in 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 11 

getting said Road ( Including the two fruitless Attempts ) 
Ammounted to upwards of four hundred Pounds Lawful 
Money. — 

Having then got a Road for Wheel Carriages ( tho' a very 
Rough one in Some Places ) They proceeded to the Settle- 
ment of the Place with all Possible Speed, and in about five 
years after got upwards of fifty Families Settled therein. — 

That tho' your Petitioner believes the People Settled there 
are in general as Laborious a Set of People as have undertook 
the Settlement of a Plantation in the Wilderness for many 
years past ; Yet it's certain That Their Task in Subduing 
Their wild Land, Building Mills, clearing Roads, building 
Bridges &c &c &c within their own Department is as great 
as in Their Infant State They are able to bear — 

Notwithstanding which, as Their Lands will not Produce 
all the absolutely Necessaries of Life, They have been Obliged 
to maintain the greatest part of a Road of fifty miles in length 
to get to the Sea-Coasts for those Necessaries that are Lack- 
ing. This is such a great Addition to the Difficulties They 
Labour under within their own Place as will ( except Relief 
from this Court Presents ) Terminate in Their Ruin — 

Your Petitioner and Associates having Labour'd under this 
Difficulty for upwards of eight years, and finding They were 
no Longer able to Support Themselves under it, and That 
Falmouth (tho' fifty miles distant from Fryeburg) is the 
most Convenient Sea Port Town for Them ; Your said Peti- 
tioner ( hoping to obtain some Speedy help from thence ) Sets 
out for Falmouth, where he arived the 15 th of November 
1771, and on the then next monday evening was favour' d 
with the Company of a Number of the Gentlemen of that 
Town, when he Laid before Them the Difficulties His Remote 
Plantation Labour'd under for want of a Road to Them. 
Shewing Them at the same Time, That the way to get the 
most Convenient Communication opened between Falmouth 



12 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and Fryeburg, was to open a Road from the North End of 
Pearsontown - Road ( Steering about Northwest thro' a Tract 
of unappropriated Wilderness Land belonging to the Prov- 
ince ) to the falls in Saco River called the great Falls, and 
then there would be only the width of said River to get into 
the Road your Petitioner & Associates had open'd to Frye- 
burg as above Related — Upon which, the Gentlemen, for 
the immediate Relief of said Young Plantation, and in Con- 
sideration of the Prospect of Advantages arising therefrom 
to the Publick, open'd a Subscription for raising Money to 
Clear, Bridge and Causeway a Road, the way your Petitioner 
had Propos'd to Them, and immediately Chose a Committee 
to Seek a Passage thro' the woods for that Purpose — 

This Committee went on the Business for which They 
were Chose, & after finding the way where the Road must 
unavoidably go they measured and found the length of the 
Road from the north end of Pearsontown Road to s d Falls, 
would be fourteen and an half miles, and that it would go 
the greater part of that Distance, on s* 1 Tract of Province 
Land. — The Subscribers being soon inform'd by their Com- 
mittee what length of way They had to make s d Road They 
Proceeded with all Possible Speed to opening the Same, and 
( at great Expence ) have Clear'd it two Rods wide, and 
altho' there were many bad Brooks & miry Places in their 
way They have Bridged and Causeway'd the Same, so that a 
Number of Loaded Teams that went from hence Traveled so 
Comfortably thro' s d Road it has much Revived the Spirits 
of the ( almost Discouraged ) Inhabitants of this young Plan- 
tation for the Present — But here your Petitioner begs leave 
to observe, That said Tract of Province Land turns out very 
Different from what Sundry Persons have heretofore Con- 
ceived of it, It having Lately been found to be Such a Moun- 
tainous, Boggy, Ponded, and broken Fragment of Land, That 
none who had grants of Land to lay out in that part of the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 13 

Province would Accept of but Chose to go many miles fur- 
ther into the Wilderness than to take it. It's likely to lay 
( no one can tell how long ) a Grievous Stumbling-Block in 
the way of the back Settlements, as there is no Prospect of 
it's ever being made a Township of whereby the Road may 
be kept in Repair. So that the kindness of the Subscribers 
aforesaid will not be of that lasting Advantage to the back 
Settlements They Really Stand in Need of, Except your 
Excellency & Honours would be pleas'd to grant said Tract 
of Land to some Persons or other upon such Terms as will 
Induce Them into an Obligation to maintain the Road thro' 
it. — And as the said Subscribers In Consideration of the 
Danger of the Road's not being kept in Such Repair as to 
Answer the good Design of it, Have (since They open'd 
Their Subscription ) manifested a willingness to bind Them- 
selves to keep said Road in good Repair, Provided They 
might have a Grant of said Tract of Province Land to 
Defray the Charges of it, your Petitioner begs leave humbly 
to Pray your Excellency & Honours, would ( on Their 
Request ) be pleas'd to Grant it to Them for that Purpose — 
And as in Duty bound will ever Pray 

Joseph Frye 

To His Excellency & the whole Court To whom the forego- 
ing Petition is Addressed — 
We the Subscribers who are Associated of the above Peti- 
tioner, Proprietors & Inhabitants of the said Township of 
Fryeburg, beg Leave to Declare, That the foregoing Petition 
contains a True & just Representation of the Expence and 
Difficulty of getting a Road to this Place, and the Expence 
and Difficulties we have been put to, and Still Labour under 
within our own Department. And upon the whole That our 
Sufferings for want of help to maintain a Road to the Sea- 
Coasts have been Such, as Constrains us to make known to 
your Excellency & Honours, we are no longer able to Sup- 



14 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



port our Selves under Them. And as the Subscribers men- 
tion'd in s d Petition have been so Compassionate to us, as to 
open the Road for our Relief, as therein Justly Set forth ; 
and from Their Knowledge of our Inability to maintain said 
Road in that Repair which is absolutely Necessary are willing 
to bind Themselves to do it Provided They may have a Grant 
of the Tract of Province Land the Road goes thro' to Defray 
the Expence of such Repairs, We beg Leave humbly to Sub- 
join our Prayer That the Prayer of s d foregoing Petition may 
be Granted. 

And as in Duty bound will ever Pray — 



Ebenezer Farnum 
Caleb Swan 
Nathaniel Smith 
David Evans 
Jedediah Spring 
John Bicknell 
Benjamin Russell 
Nath 1 Merrill 
John Evans 
John Farington 
Nathan Ames 
Henry Gordon 
Stephen Knight 
Joseph Kilgore 
Benjamin Kilgore 
John Walker 
William Wiley 



Isaac Abbot 
Hugh Sterling 
Stephen Farington 
Simon Frye 
Joseph Frye Jun r 
Jonathan Dresser 
James Swan 
Ezra Carter 
Moses Ames 
Samul Ingalls 
John McMillan 
Joseph Pettengill 
Ebenezer Day 
Aaron Abbot 
Timothy Bradley 
Peter Chandler 
Moses Day 



Timothy Walker 
Sam 11 Osgood 
Rachel Walker 
Jo : Greely Swan 
Ezekiel Walker 
Richard Kimball 
Isaac Walker 
Samuel Walker 
Hezekiah Aston 
Peter Allen 
John Stevens 
Joseph Walker 
Abner Charles 
Abraham Bradley 
John Webster 
David Page 
Daniel E m Cross 



John Charles Junor Samuel Walker Ju r 

Letter H. Pepperell to Brigadier Waldo 

Kittery Sep* 22 d 1749 
Hon ble S r 

By a Letter fr° you to M r Sparhawk I am Informed 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 15 

You Imbark Next Week for Lond Where I hope you will 
See my Father who ( You Undoubtedly have Heard ) Went 
in Grant, Be so good as to Excuse the Freedom I now take 
in Pray g the Favour of you to Take the Trouble of the 
Inclosed to Him, Give me Leave to Wish You Heavens 
Protection in Your Voyage, All the Success You desire 
Abroad, & a Safe Return to You Friends Again I am with 
Compliments to Your Family & my Best Wishes to You in 
Your Voyage Honb le S r Your Most Obed* & most H le Ser* 

H. Pepperrell 
Brigadier Waldo 



Letter Francis Waldo to Ms Father. 

Boston Oct 21° 1749 
Hon rd Sir 

We have great Reason to flatter Ourselves You had a 
Good Time off the Coast & that You are well advanced in 
the Voyage, by the long spell of Fair Winds with us after 
your departure from Nantasket. I therefore hope this by 
Bradford will find You in good Health safely Arrived in a 
short & agreeable Passage 

Since you left Boston a Peace is concluded with the 
Indians I was favour'd with the Treaty by Colo Cotton & 
have sent You a Copy of it by Maj r Gardner who desired it 
unseal'd that he might Copy it on Passage 

I have procured the Prov Seal to Woods Aff a which with 
the Acco* of Improvements at Falmouth is here inclos'd. 
The Cop of your Case with Gov r Shirley I fear cant be 
obtain'd in season for this Ship oweing to M r Winthrops 
Absence from Town for a Week past he is expected to 
morrow & will be / as he has often been / closely followed 
to get it in readiness for this Vessell, this I hope will be sent 



16 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

you without fail by Stransburry who sails next week. The 
Geese you Order'd are on board Cap* Bradford under M r 
Gardners Care. Cap* Capham his Wife now informs is not 
expected here this Winter, for w oh reason I have made out 
Three Copy of his Acco* & got M rs Clapham to Certify to 
him her having compar'd them with his Originall Acco t /w ch 
I still keep / . These Copys I shall send him to Chebucta 
in a day or two in Order for him to authenticate 'em, M r 
Winslow will write him directing his forward 8 You one fr° 
thence as soon as possible & sending the other two here to be 
likewise sent You 

The beggining of the Week coming I shall answer Your 
Expectations & leave Boston for Casco Bay. The Scituation 
of the Affairs of the House would not admitt of my going 
sooner. We are now moveing The Furniture to M r Wins- 
lows, he was obliged to give M r Barrell your Directions 
/ relating the House & the security requir'd / in writing, 
since which he has declin'd takeing it & is not a little angry 
threatning to write Chauncey Townsend & send him a Copy 
of the Extract. M r Clarke is soon to come into y e House 

I am Hon red Sir Your Most Dutifull Son 

Francis Waldo 

P. S. I have the pleasure to acquaint you my Sisters 
Winslows being Well bro* to Bed with a nother Girl & they 
both are likely to do well My sister hanner is also well & in 
high Spirits at my Lady Pepperrells Coming to Town who 
expected to see her sister in Boston but arrived after She 
was interr'd 



Petition of Jabez Fox, Attv Nov. 22, 1749. 

To the Honourable Spencer Phips Esq r Lieu 1 Gover- 
nour and Commander in Chief in & over His Maj- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 17 

esties Province of the Massachusetts Bay & the 
Honb le His Majesties Council for s d Province, as the 
Supreme Court for Probate of Wills and Granting 
Letters of Administration within the s d Province 
Humbly Shews 

Jabez Fox of Falm th in the County of York that in the 
year 1744 he Exhibited a petition to this Hon ble Court in 
behalf of Mary Westbrook Late of Portsmouth in the 
Province of New Hampshire De cd then the widow of Tho 8 
Westbrook late of Falm th afores d Esq 1 ' Dec d and Richard 
Waldron of Portsmouth afores d Esq r & Elizabeth his wife in 
her right (by virtue of a power rec'd from the above s d 
Mary Westbrook and Richard Waldron ) Setting forth in s d 
Petition that the s d Tho 8 Lately Dyed Intestate (Leaving 
only one Child the s d Elizabeth ) Administration on whose 
Estate was moved for by the s d Mary but was notwithstand- 
ing granted to one M r Enoch Freeman a meere Stranger and 
not a principal Creditor from which Decree your Remon- 
strants appealed to this Honb le Court for the following 
reasons ( first ) for that the Decree is Erronious and directly 
against Law, the right of Administration being thereby 
vested in the widow or next a kin to the Intestate or both as 
the Judge shall See fitt, and if they Claim it no other can 
have it Legally ( 2 ly ) the Judge has no Discretionary power 
but only as to Joyning the next akin with the widow, or not 
as Occasion may require, therefore the Letting in a Stranger 
is Illegal & Injurious ( 3 ly ) the administration was Claimed 
in behalf of the widow and a Promise Obtained of having it, 
but yet it was afterwards granted as afores d without any 
notice given to any Concerned, wherefore your appellants on 
Tryal Obtained a Vote from the Honb le Board for a Rever- 
sion of the afores d Decree, of the afores d Judge Wherefore 
your Petitioner prays, that the Honb le Jeremiah Moulton 
Esq r Judge of Probate for s d County of York may be 



18 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

directed by this Honb le Court to grant a Letter of Adminis- 
tration to the above s d Richard Waldron Esq r and as in Duty 
bound shall ever pray 
Falm th Nov : 22 1749 Jabez Fox Attorney 



Petition. Second Parish in Falmouth. 

To the Honourable Spencer Phips Esq r Lieutenant 
Governour and Commander in Chief in and Over his 
Majestys Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New- 
England The Hon ble the Council and Hon ble house of 
Representatives of the said Province in General 
Court assembled at Boston the 23 d day of November 
1749 
The Petition of the Inhabitants of the Second Parish in 
Falmouth in the County of York 
Most humbly Shew 

That the said Parish Contains a Tract of Land of Ten 
Miles in length and about five Miles in breadth and Suitable 
for a Township on which is now settled about One hundred 
and fifty Familys 

That your pet rs by long Experience have found Great 
Difhcultys and many Inconveniencys by being only a Parish 
and so part of the Town of Falmouth do Earnestly desire 
that they may be Erected into a Township for the following 
Reasons 

First Because they are by the Water so Seperated from the 
Town that they cannot Attend upon the Publick Town 
Meetings without going some of them ten and some fifteen 
Miles by land to said Meetings and for Want of their 
presence many things are there done and Acted by the other 
part of the Town very much to their damage 
Secondly Because being only a Parish they cannot keep a 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 19 

Constant School Among them for want of which their 
Children greatly Suffer for tho they have paid Constantly 
for the Support of a Grammer School yet they never have 
Since they have been a Parish four Months of the Town 
School or any money Granted by the Town to help them on 
that Account Whereas had they been a Town they would 
Constantly have Maintained a Schoolmaster Among them- 
selves which they cannot do now but by Subscription which 
hath been a very heavy burthen on Some particular persons 

Your petitioners for these and other Reasons that might 
be mentioned Most humbly pray This Great and Hon bIe 
Court would be pleased to Erect the said Second Parish of 
Falmouth into a Township by the Bounds of said Parish 
And as in duty bound Your pet 18 will ever pray &c 

Ezekiel Cushing ) Agents for 
Christopher Stroot J the said Parish 

In the House of Rep ves Dec r 1. 1749 

Read and Ordered that the Petitioners serve the first 
Parish in the Town of Falmouth with a copy of this Petition 
that they shew cause if any they have on the first tuesday of 
next Sitting of this Court why the Prayer thereof should not 
be granted. 

Sent up for concurrence 

Atf Roland Cotton Cler. Dom. Prep. 
In Council Dec r 1 st 1749 Read & Concurred 

Sam Holbrook Dep : Sec. 

In Council: March 29. 1750, Read again with the Answer 
of the first Parish in Falmouth, and Ordered that John 
Greenleaf & John Otis Esq" with such as shall be joined by 
the Hon ble House of Represent™ 8 be a Committee to consider 
this Petition & Answer, hear the Parties, & report what they 
judge proper for this Court to do thereon. 

Sent down for Concurrence 

J Willard Secry 



20 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

In the House of Rep ves March 30 1750 

Read and Concurd and Col Heath Capt Hobson and 
M r Bayley are Joyned in the Affair 

Tho s Hubbard Spk r pro Tempore 

The Committee to whonie the Consideration of the within 
written Petition was referred Having mett And considered 
the Same togather with the Answer thereto And heard the 
Parties thereon Are of Opinion That the Prayer of the said 
Petition be so far granted That the Lands contained therein 
be Erected into a Seperate Township And be invested with 
All Town Priviledges they Maintaining and Supporting their 
Equall part or Proportion of Keeping in repair the Great 
Bridge built over the Main and Fore river in the within 
named Town of Fallmouth till further order, if the Tole do 
not prove sufficient to Keep the Same in repair g order of 
the Committee : John Greenleaf 

In Council April 19. 1750 — Read, & so far accepted as 
that the Land contained in the Bounds mentioned in the 
Pet" with the Inhab ts thereon be erected into a distinct & 
seperate Township, and vested with all such Powers & 
Priviledges as other Towns within this Province do or by 
Law ought to enjoy ; ( Saving that they shall continue to 
join with the Inhab ts of that Part of the Town of Falmouth 
from which they are seperated in like manner as heretofore 
the Select Men of Falmouth from time to time to regulate 
all Meetings ) for the Choice of Rep ves ) — Provided the 
Pet" pay their proportionable Part of the Repairs of the 
great Bridge over the Fore River till the further Order of 
this Court, in Case the Toll does not prove sufficient for that 
Purpose ; & that the Pet" have leave to bring in a Bill 
accordingly 

Sent down for Concurrence 

Sam 1 Holbrook D* Secry 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 21 

In the House of Rep ves Feb? 11. 1750 

Read and Ordered that this Pet" and the Answer and 
the Vote of Council thereon be revived and Concur'd and 
the Pet ra are allowed to bring in a Bill accordingly. 

T. Hubbard Spk 1 

Speech of the Lieut. Gov r Nov. 23, 1740. 

" Gentlemen of the Council & House of Representatives " 

" I can now inform you that the Treaty proposed by the 
Delegates of the Eastern Indians at the May Session, to be 
held in the Eastern parts between this Government and 
their Tribes, has been attended to by the Gentlemen I Com- 
missionated, agreeable to the appointment of the Governour 
before his Departure, and that the said Treaty was Con- 
cluded in as full a Submission of the Several Tribes of 
Indians to his Majestys Goverment by the Delagates, as 1ms 
been Made by those Tribes in Former Treaties. 

I desire therefore that you would Consider as soon as 
May be whot is Necessary to be don by this Court ( More 
Especially with relation to the Trade with the Indians ) for 
fulfilling our Engagements to them in this Treaty which y e 
Secretary will lay before you, or whotsoever else we can do 
that may tend to render the Peace with them more firm and 
durable : " 

S Phips 
Council Chamber November y e 23: 1749 

Letter N. Sparhaivk to Brigadier Waldo. 

Kittery Novem r 30 1749 
Dear Sir / 

I was duly favoured with yo rs just before you 
embarked for London, which at your present distance don't 



22 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

require a very particular Answer, permit me However to 
Say, It would be a very great pleasure to me, to Oblige you 
in Respect of yo r Son Franks spending some time at my 
Warehouse, But as M r Colman & I Have agreed to part this 
winter, & our Vessels are all dispatched, Goods sold, and 
little to be done between us, But what we must negotiate 
Our selves, I could propose no Advantage to Him, That 
would be any Equivolent for His being in this Obscure part 
of the World, In the Spring if I don't Embark for England 
w ch will depend much on the Advices I may receive from S r 
William, and I am not greatly disappointed in the Success of 
my Applications to my Friends for Busyness on my Own 
Acco 1 It may be in my power to give him some exercise, w ch 
may be no disadvantage to him, I have lately been Eastward 
where I found some difficultys Attending my proposed pur- 
chase, which prove discouraging, and will render the 
Instrument you were so good as to leave with M r Winslow 
of no use to me this I could not foresee, or I should not 
have given you the Trouble of executing it, for which I Hold 
my self much Oblidged as I do for your offers of Service at 
London, upon w ch I would take the freedom to Say that 
inasmuch as you were pleased to inform me, that your 
family in none of its Branches, would be injured or dis- 
oblidged by your Influencing Commission Buying into my 
Hands, as you might Have Opportunity, that on these Terms 
I should greatly Esteem of your Interest & recommendation, 
for Building ships, loading fish, Lumber or any other the 
produce of N England, But an Agency for Some of the 
Contracts at Home might be still more beneficiall, and as I 
stand in a pretty near relation to Sir William, It seems to 
me, if I was properly recomended at the Board of Ordnance 
As His Son in Law, that the Supply of Chebucta & New- 
foundland might be Obtain'd for me, Should it be in your 
power to contribute any thing to it, which I doubt not at all, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 23 

if it don't interfere with any favourite point you are pushing, 
I should Esteem it as a very convincing proof of your Friend- 
ship, as I should your recomendation of me to M r Townsend, 
who may possibly incline to do busyness at Piscataqua, w ch 
might not be so convenient for a House at Boston to 
negotiate nor could they in many respects so much to His 
Advantage, As one that is always on the Spott, But not to 
trouble you any further on these Heads, I now most Heartily 
wish you may Have had an Agreeable Voyage to London, 
and that with yo r Two sons, to whom my sincere regards, 
You are in perfect Health, in prospect, if not already 
Obtain'd, of all the Success you could expect or even wish, 
The Grand Affair I am exceeding Impatient & Sollicitous 
about, and shall be quite big with the Expectation to Hear 
of your gaining a compleat Victory g first spring ships, if not 
sooner, I have wrote S r William largely in relation to another 
Bashaw, not farr off, praying that He / S r W n ' / will give 
him His quietus, & I Pray God He may, I am if He or some 
other worthy Gen n does not, fatall will be the consequence, 
Let me therefore entreat you, to Afford your Assistance in a 
Matter of so much concernm 1 to a Multitude besides myself. 
I Have begun a very agreeable correspondence with M r 
Winslow, in a great measure that I May have the pleasure of 
Hearing often & particularly from the Ladys of yo r family, & 

I wish it was in my power to Advise you that M r P lis 

nuptials with Miss Hannah were consummated, But this is a 
Happiness y l Its now said, we must wait for 'till Xmas, & 
therefore may be a Subject for my next Address, In the 
mean time let me Assure you, the present distance between 
us, don't in any measure abate my concern for yo r prosperity 
& Happiness, & I am rather more fond than ever of convinc- 
ing you that with all sincerity & respect I am Dear Sir Y r 
most Affectionate & Obed 1 Hum 1 Serv 1 

N Sparhawk 



24 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

PS. As all Busyness directed to B C or myself after 
this time, will be for Sole benefit of him to whom Its so 
directed, }ou'l please to Observe this in any of your recomen- 
dations of me : 

Yo" N S 



Letter Enoch Freeman to Tho» Hutchinson 

Falmouth Dec 1 4 th 1749 
Sir, 

Last Oct r Coll Moulton, according to the Advice that 
had been given him ; received the Inventory of Coll West- 
brooks Estate which I Exhibited to him and he Administerd 
the Oath to me upon it, and as I had represented y e Estate 
Insolvent, he fill up a Commission for three men to receive 
the Claims, but before he Sign'd it, M r Fox happen'd to come 
in, and desir'd the Judge to Stop the Proceedings, till he had 
once more Petitiond the Governour and Councill, hoping 
Since Govern 1 Shirley was gone that Governour Phips wou'd 
determine the Affair in his Favour ; so the Judge Stopt and 
I hear M r Fox has sent his Petition, but I hope, as the 
Counsillors are new ones, tho' the Same Men, & a New Gov- 
ernour, that there will be no New Determination, without a 
New hearing, especially as Madam Westbrook is Since dead ; 
and M r Fox, who was the only Instigator of the Appeal, I 
say the only Instigator, for M r Waldron did absolutely 
decline it, in as much as he order'd his Son Richard ( who 
had y e Keys of Coll Westbrooks House after he dy'd ) to 
deliver the Keys to me, that I might take an Inventory & 
proceed in the Administration, which I can prove; but M r 
Fox having taken Possession of Coll Westbrook's House as 
his own Property pretending it stood upon Land he bought 
of said Westbrook, & I having ousted him as I was Admin- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 25 

istrator, he was so vext that he apply'd to M r Waldron to 
appeal from my Administrat" and with Difficulty brought M r 
Waldron to give him a Power of Attorney to appeal ; And 
M r Fox has Since dispos'd of his Right in said Land, so that 
he has no Pretence of any Interest of his own to Serve ; And 
I am persuaded M r Waldron wou'd not take the Trouble of 
Administring, and all that ever was Intended was to gratify 
M r Fox. Upon the whole I must desire that I may be heard 
before a final Decision of the Affair is given. 

Sir, as Travelling by Land is so Chargeable and by water 
so hazardous, I have sent my Muster Roll of the Guard that 
attended the Treaty with the Indians, also my Memorial and 
Acco 11 by a Friend that was bound for Boston without com- 
ing my Self, least the wages that shou'd be granted me 
wou'd not Amount to the Expence of a Journey, and the 
Ballance turn against me, which wou'd be very hard ; how- 
ever I hope the Honourable Court will do me Justice and the 
men that have been under my Command — I hope Your 
Honour will take no Exceptions at my troubling you with 
these Lines for I really thought it proper for me to write 
Something as I cou'd not be present my Self 

You'l please to cover every thing that is amiss in, Sir, 

Your Honour's most Sincere and Obed' hum 1 Serv 1 

Enoch Freeman 
[ Superscribed ] 

To The Hourable Thomas Hutchinson Esq r 

in Boston 



Letter Cha s Procter to Sam 1 Waldo Esq 

Halifax Decern' 6 th 1749 
Sir 

I hope you will Excuse my boldness in troubling you 
with a Line, S r I hope you will not be offended at my Going 



26 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

to Chebucto, which I would not have Done had it not been 
for two reasons, the first was that I had great Encouragment 
of a Company of Rangers from Governor Cornwallis, which 
he told me since I came down I should have had it if I had 
been down Ten or fifteen days sooner, for he gave Two 
Companys away in my Absence and he said by the Commen- 
dation that he had of me, from Gentlemen that knew me, 
that I was very fit for that Employment, But am not quite 
out of hope yet for they say if he rais'd any more, I shall 
have one, which I think We shall have business enough 
before Spring, For the Priests & Indians met all together, to 
plot some mischiefe as we suppose, the other was my Wife 
was afraid as I Killed some Indians and the threatning if 
ever they oust me, the would kill me, S r I beg your favour to 
assist me & Deliver the Enclosed to M r Kilby, & make no 
doubt by your Desire, that he will Settle my Acco* and — 
allow the Charges of the Twenty pound Bills that his Clerk 
protested, the Charges was forty nine pounds, Ten Shillings, 
Which would be some help to a Broken Officer, Sir Your 
family is all well for I had a Letter from M r Winslow, to beg 
the favour of one to Let me know the prise of Lumber & 
Lime, w ch I do by all opportunitys. 

Boards bring five pounds Sterl g thous d and all other 
Lumber Accordingly Lime being forty shill g8 g H H d 

Dear S r if it fall in your way, that you fall in Com- 
pany with any of the Gentlemen that has a hand in settling 
this place, I hope you will be so good as to get them to 
mention my name to Governor Cornwallis for some place of 
whom I believe M r Kilby is one that has a good Interest 
with him please 

S r to give my Complyments to Cap* Waldo And to M r 
Reafe And Begs Leave to Subscribe my Selfe Y r Sincere 
friend & Hum 1 Serv 1 

Cha 8 Procter 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 27 

Isaac Window to Sam 1 Waldo Esq. 

Copy via Liverpool. 
Dear Sir Boston Decem r 7 th 1749 

My last was of Nov r via Liverpoole, The Copy of 
the Case I dont send now, as I think it best on all Accounts 
to send it by Spinder a Snow of London that's expected to 
sail in a Week & shall count it to the Care of M r Stansbury - 
The Gov r I'm told goes in the same Vessell. I hope you 
will not have occasion of it & that you'l not find it necessary 
to enter into any tedious Contest on those affairs but that 
you will be admitted to settle on y e footing of your Mus- 
terolls. Affairs at y e Eastward go on as well as can be 
expected for this Season, the Winter has began early & 
threatens to be a severe one, I keep up a constant Corre- 
spondence with my brother Frank ; He seems contented w tu 
his situation and I have the pleasure to tell you he apply's 
himself to business & has your Interest much at heart - He 
writes me that his tarrying at Casco is well lik'd by y e people 
he has to do with 

He has collected some boards & expects if the Weather 
dont prove too severe to get 60 m at the wharf in a short 
time. Gov r Cornwallis's Agent here offers me to contract 
for 20<£ for any Quantity to be did at Casco ; I think to 
agree for w* we shall be able to get this Winter. & in the 
spring if any advantage in carrying them to Halifax I shall 
attend to it I shall also have the same regard as to y e 
Article of Lime if I find it will answer. There has been 
but 120hh ds burnt this Winter. M r Cooke Offers me his 
share of the Works at 1500<£ w ch I think to purchase if I 
can bring him to 1000X I hear from Georges that y e Mill 
at Madomock is going but that y e Millmen refuse supplying 
the Inhabitants at B. Bay with Lumber w ch they are in great 
want of — I have wrote to Cap 1 Fairfield & Henderson to 
supply them w th what may be necessary to defend them from 



28 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Cold, Have also wrote Henderson to inquire what 
Boards were cut of the Logs left by Cap 1 Martyn & to keep 
me acquainted with affairs there I am told that the Lotts 
are most of y m fill'd up in the three Towns that are laid out. 

I wish you may be able to procure a Number of settlers 
from Ireland or Germany in y e Spring I had lately a L r from 
M r Zouberbuhler at Louisbourg He had sold all y e Lumber 
at abo 1 70 Livers & was going to Halifax f m whence he pro- 
pos'd remitting me Bills of Gov 1 Cornwallis's - I have wrote 
him to remit me silver, as its at present worth more in pro- 
portion than bills, besides I'm loth to run the least risque of 

bills Its said M 1 ' C s has drawn 120 thous d p ds Ster g 

you know what publick bills are & can tell w' dependance 
may be had on y r being paid please to write me yo r opinion 
of them & if my caution be unecessary to let it rest with you. 
I have had no answer from Clapham to my L r8 inclosing the 
Acc tB w ch were to be sign'd by him, but I've repeated my 
request y* he will forward them to you if oppertunity. There 
is little or nothing new to write you of nor am I politician 
eno' to write on publick affairs 

Our Gen 11 Court have not yet come to any resolves with 
regard to the Silver in the Treasury, but it's generally sup- 
pos'd they will not postpone y e Act for exchanging y e Bills 
The Lieut n Gov r has admitt'd B. Pemberton to the Naval 
Office Your Old friend Lambert is dead, & Sir Harry Frank- 
land has been dangerously ill but is grown better Its likely 
that some of your ffriends of the Court may write you fully 
on publick affairs, but least they sho d not / as I imagine it 
may be agreable to you to know how things go on / I will 
take care to put some of them in mind of writing you I 
dont hear any talk of an Agent I understand by Sam 11 Cary 
that M r Bourryan has signify'd his inclinations to the Agency ; 
& as I imagine you'l have no thoughts of it yourself, May it 
not be of advantage to you your interesting your self in his 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 29 

favour ; I sho d think him a Likely person to purchase a share 
in your Lands in case you think best to dispose of any I 
suppose you are well acquainted w th him. I take him to be 
a Gentleman of great worth, & from the uncomon friendship 
he has shewn to some of our Country men who were intire 
strangers to him I judge such a friend is worth securing As 
I am desirous of writing you every thing y* comes to my 
mind which may be any ways agreable or serviceable to you, 
I hope you will be so good as to excuse both y e want of Con- 
nection in y e L rs I write you as well as the Liberty I take of 
writing my opinion I shall only add that M rs Winslow & 
my Sister Hannah are both well & desire y r duty to you & 
Love to y r brothers ; In w ch I sincerely join & am with great 

respect. 

Boston 18° Dec r 1749 
Dear Sir 

The preceeding is Copy of what I last wrote you to which 
I have but little material to add, saving That by M r Stans- 
bury I have sent you the Copy of the Case in a parcell 
directed to You containing 208 papers which w th 30 papers 
M r Winthrop deliv d you before to carry with you He tells 
me contains the whole Case — 

Our Gen. Court its said are inclind to give a bounty on 
Importation of Forreighners ; I hope it will be such as may 
incline Gen 1 in England to engage in the bringing Them from 
Germany & Ireland Coll Wendell tells me That Hopes of 
Holland keep severall large Ships purely for the Trade of 
carrying passengers to Phila. & He promises he will write to 
them encouraging their send 8 a Number to the Eastward ; a 
Correspondence w th Them on this Head may be of great Ser- 
vice to You. 

Mrs Winslow & miss Hannah present y r regard & Love to 
You & y r Brothers w ch with mine concludes me 

D r Sir Yo r very affectionate & most humble Serv' 

Isaac Winslow 



30 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Message. 

Gentlemen of the House of Represent™ 

I perceive by the Treaty held with the Indians at Falmouth, 
that the Commiss rs promised them to lay their Desire to have 
a Truck Trade at Saco before the Court : I am inform'd that 
many of the Indians have lately been into the Truckhouse, 
and they are very uneasy that they can have no Trade, and 
that there is danger of some bad Consequence arising from 
this their Uneasiness ; At least I doubt not you will think it 
necessary very soon to determine whether you will make any 
Provision for a Truck Trade there, or not. 
Council Chamber S Phips 

7 Decemb r 1749 
In the House of Rep ves Dec r 20 1749 

Read and Ordered that the Commissary Gen 1 be directed 
to send down to Jonathan Bean Commander of the Truck 
House at Saco a quantity of Goods, proper for the Use of the 
Indians trading there to the Value of two hundred pounds. 

The said Bean to be subject to such regulations as the 
other Truck masters in the Provinces to be accountable to 
this Court of the disposition of said Goods &c 

Sent up for concurrence J Dwight Sp kr 

In Council Dec r 20. 1749 

Read & Concur'd Sam 1 Holbrook Dep. Sec. 

Consented to S Phips 



Message. 

Gentlemen of the House of Represent ves 

I have received a Letter by Cpt Saunders from a Number 
of Indians at S* Georges, in which, among other things, they 
desire an Armourer may be kept there, to mend their Guns 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 31 

when out of Order; They moved the same thing at the 
Treaty, and the Commissioners gave them Incouragem* that 
they should be gratified therein : I desire you to take this 
matter into Consideration ; and if you think such an officer 
necessary at the Truckhouses, make an Establishment 
accordingly. 

Council Chamber Decem r 9 1749 S Phips 

In the House of Rep ives Dec r 22. 1749 

Ordered that an Armourer be Stationed at S l Georges 
Truck House and that an Establishment be made accordingly. 
Sent up for concurrence J D wight Sp kr 

In Council Dec r 22 1749 Read and Concurrd 

Sam 1 Holbrook Dep Sec 
Consented to S Phips 



Att a Legal Parish meeting held in the Lower Parish of 
the Town of Kittery December 11 th 1749 — 
Voted That Rich d Cutt Esq r be a Moderator 
Voted That the whole Soil of the lower Parish aforesaid be 
Divided Into two Seperate Parishes in Equall halves for 
Quantity And Quallity by A Committee to be Chosen in 
some of the Neighbouring Towns for the same in the 
County of York. 
Voted That the Rever d M r John Newmarch be Supported 
by the whole Parish aforesaid as to Maintain ance Notwith- 
standing a Division of said Parish — 
Voted That there be Five men Chosen for a Committee to 

Divide the afore said Parish — 
Voted That M r Sam 1 Clark of York Humph* Chadburn 
Esq r of Berwick Joseph Plasted Esq r of York M r Ralph 
Farnom of York and Collon 1 Nathan 1 Dunile of York be a 
Committee to Divide the Afore Said Parish — 



32 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Voted That M r Walter Bryant be a Surveyor to wait on the 
Committee aforesaid to measure over said Parish — 

Voted That M r Joseph Weeks and M r Will" 1 Dearing be 
Chainmen to Carry the Chain for the aforesaid Surveyor — 

Voted That John Gunnison Esq r M r Thorn 3 Cutt Nath 1 
Sparhawk Esq 1 Rich 11 Cutt Esq r And w Pepperrell Esq r 
Cap* W m Wentworth and M r Thorn 8 Hutchin be a Com- 
mittee to wait on y e Committee aforesaid 

Voted That Rich d Cutt Esq r goes to the Generall Court to 
Get a Confirmation of what the aforesaid Committee Does 
as to the Dividing the aforesaid Parish — 

A true Copy of Record 

Atte r Elihu Gunnison J r Par h Cler : 

Letter Eph. Williams ju r to Brig r Gen. Waldo Dec. 12, 17^9 

Sir 

I am in hopes these lines will find you in helth & high 
Spirit, and Upon More Equal Ground with your Antagonist 
than while in New England — And Not plagu'd with an 
Ignorant Stupid parcell of plow Jogers to Liquidate your 
Regiments Accounts — : May Heaven bless you And Suc- 
ceed you in all your Attempts for your own, your Countrys 
or Rigements good — if you Could imagine what pleasure 
the reading a line of yours wou'd afford Me, you would Not 
deprive me thereof which shall allways be Acknowleg'd with 
the Utmost grattitude and if possible heighten the Esteem I 
have for your Honour — who am Unworthy Sir to Subscribe 
my self what in truth I am 

Your Oblig'd most Obed 1 most Hum ble Servt 
Boston Decem r 12 th 1749 Eph Williams ju r 

PS 

Sir I must beg your Skill & Judment in the Choice of 3 
Silver watches of the best sort I am informed one M r Hughes 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 33 

makes the best in London but this I Refer to you r Hon r bet- 
ter Judment I have Desired M r Kilbe to supply you with 
what they Cost : E : W 

The Hon ble Briga r Gene 11 Waldo 

[ Superscribed ] 
To Brigad r General Samuel Waldo Esq r 
In London 
g fav r of Col Williams QDC 



Letter Jn° Grerrish to Sam 1 Waldo Esrf 

Bristol Dec r 15 th 1749. 
Hon d Sir, 

I some time since Wrote to You, by the favourable Con- 
veyance of my late good Friend M r Vincint Briscoe, and 
humbly begg'd an Answer, but have not received a line. 

It is with the utmost Diffidence I now make this second 
attempt, to Address so superior a Gentleman. Hope and 
Fear, alternately play up and down, and place me in the 
worst Condition in the World, which is, to be in Doubt. 

As Sir, my Circumstances and present Situation, must be 
well known at the New Engl d Coffee House, in London, as I 
have not received a Line from any of my Countrymen, which 
is a very Great Check upon other Gentlemen ; I say, as this 
is my unhappy Case, it is Matter of the higest Grief and Con- 
cern to me, as well as, a full Demonstration That I am a 
poor, little insignificant Thing of no Importance in these 
Ends of the Earth. — 

To be Dependent, to be really in Want, is surely to be in 

a Deplorable Situation ! But if You Sir, think I am any 

ways worthy of the least kind of Notice, on Account of my 

Families and Friends in New England, It will raise my 

3 



34 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

depressed Spirits, and lay me under everlasting Obligations, 
With Greate Deference and Esteem I am, Sir, Your Most 

Hum : Servant 

Jn° Gerrish 
N. B. I presumed to Write to Good Sir William Pepper- 

rell, but am not Favour'd with an Answer. — I would to 

God I could come to London - I should be much better off 

I'm sure than I now am. — 

Dear Sir, Deign to Favour me with a Line. 
Sam 1 Waldo Esq r 



Letter Sec ty Willard to Gov. Shirley, ( in London ) 

Dece 19. 1749. 
Sir On the latter End of the last Month six English men 
in cold Blood murthered one Eastern Indian & dangerously 
wounded two more, Five of the Men are taken & there is a 
Proclamation for apprehending the other who is supposed to 
be the Ringleader. I have inclosed the Proclamation with 
the last Treaty with the Indians. 



Letter Sec ry Willard to the Justices of the Court of Sessions, 
Essex County. 

Boston Decern 1 23, 1749. 
Gentlemen 

I am directed by the Hon ble Lieuten* Govern 1 & the Coun- 
cil earnestly to recommend it to your Honours to give Special 
Order for the safe Keeping in the Prison at Salem Obadiah 
Albee Jun r who is apprehended & committed by His Honours 
Proclamation, as being strongly suspected of being princi- 
pally concerned in the Murther of an Eastern Indian & the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 35 

dangerously wounding two others & that all means which 
you may apprehend necessary be used to prevent his Escape. 
Coll. Berry by whom this goes will be able to speak more 
fully to you of this Matter. I am 

Gentlemen Your Honors most obedient Humble Ser 

To the Hon ble the Justices of the 
Co. of Essex in their Gen 1 Sessions of the Peace 

Letter, Thomas Henderson 

Fort Lucy Dec r 28 th 1749 
Sir 

I receiv'd your favour of the 5 th Curr* with pleasure I 
owne my duty was to let you know from time to time of the 
Brigad 8 affairs which there has been nothing material since I 
left Boston. 

There are several persons coming & is come to settle, these 
that is come I have settled to y e best advantage both to y e 
Brigad 18 advantage & the good of the Settlers, I have rec d 
from Casco 8000 feet of refuse boards & what I have sold of 
them has taken Notes of hand for them in M r Waldo's name 
at abo* 25 £ g thous* 1 , the Mills in broad Bay is going & has 
cut several thousand of boards, but as I am credibly inform'd 
Cap* Fairfield & Perkins profer'd every settler M r Waldo's 
part ( taking their Notes for the Quantity ) the price to be 
left to himself, As to what y° Request abo 1 the Settlem 1 , S* 
Georges and Madomock is most partly taken up, and the Set- 
tlers on the place, So that according to M r Waldo's last Let- 
ter & words to me, the next Settlem 1 is to be above S l Georges 
Falls, where is a Navigable river to y e Falls & a fine Country 
fitt for Farming on each side of a fresh Water river thirty 
miles into the Country / the plan of which I believe you 
have / So that if you incourage any number of People, that 
must be the place, a fine Country with Meadows great Store 



36 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

& att y e Falls M r Waldo designs to build Iron works with a 
Saw Mill &ca. 

"Where those that settles above the Falls may have y e ben- 
efit of disposing of their Lumber both Wood & pine timber, 
of which there is great plenty, Whether the Indians will 
obstruct that Settlem 1 as was y e case in M r Belchers time we 
know not ( but it's surely thought they never wo d before ) 
Had they not been sett on by 111 Instruments not of their 
own Colour, You shall not miss of having an Acco 1 of every 
thing material that comes to my knowledge, and by next 
Spring hope to give an Acco* of a fine Settlem 1 , 1 am Sir with 
my humble Respects to Mad m Winslow, Mast 1 Frank & Miss 

Hannah, 

Yo r very hum 11 Serv* 

Thomas Henderson 



Message. Janv 9. 1749/50 

Gentlemen of the Council & House of Represent™ 8 

You will perceive by the Journal of Cap 1 Phinehas Stevens, 
which I shall direct the Secretary to lay before you, that some 
of the Indians belonging to this Province, & who had the 
Misfortune, during the late War, to be captivated by the 
French, have been sold for Slaves at Montreal. 

As I am inform'd that those Indians were Freeman, I think 
they have a good Claim to be treated as his Majesty's Sub- 
jects ; & as they were Inhabitants of this Province they may 
expect your immediate Care ; And I desire, Gentlemen, you 
would Consider what is necessary to be done by you in order 
to obtain their Release 

Council Chamber Jan y 9. 1749 S Phips 

In the House of Rep vea Jan* 9. 1749 

Read and Ordered that M r Speaker Col° Appleton and 
Col Otis with such as the Hon ble Board shall appoint be a 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 37 

Comm ee to take the within written Mess a under Considera- 
tion and Report what theyJudge proper for this to do thereon 
Sent up for concurrence 

Att r Roland Cotton Cler Dom Rep 
In Council Jan? 10 1749 

Read and Concurr'd and Tho 6 Berry and Benj a Lynde 
Esq™ are join'd in the affair 

Sam 1 Holbrook Dep. Sec. 



Letter Lawrence Barrow to Major Gen. Waldo 

Bilbao Jan? 11 th N. S. 1749/50 
Sr/ 

Having done myself the Honour of congratulating you par- 
ticularly on the great Share you had in the glorious Reduc- 
tion of Cape Breton, which was attended with such happy 
Consequences to Great Britain in particular as well as Europe 
in general ; and redounded so much to the Honour & just 
Praise of New England, that all those who were concern'd in 
that noble Expedition, where Unanimity, Prudence & Forti- 
tude was so apparently visible, will be remembered by Pos- 
terity with the greatest Esteem & regard for those indefatig- 
able Endeavours they there exerted in the Service of their 
Country, among whom you stand so worthily Distinguished. 

I now beg leave to congratulate you on your Arrival in 
London, where I have desir'd my Brother Maurice Barrow to 
wait on you in my Name, and if you are still concern'd in 
Business, shall greatly esteem your Commands in the Fish 
Trade; or your Influence in the same will be gratefully 
acknowledg'd by myself & M r Wood who is come over here 
to settle with me ; and the Remittances or Returns for all 



38 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Cargo's either you or your Friends may please to favour us 
with shall be punctually comply'd with according to Orders 
I am always S r Y r mos Obliged & Most Obedient 

hum 1 Serv* Law : Barrow 

Major General Samuel Waldo 



Letter James Allen to Hon. Sam 1 Waldo 

Boston Jan r * 23 d 1749/50 
Sir 

I hope this will congratulate you, on your safe Arrival in 
London, as also to your Success against S lr Plume. 

Since you left us, we have found the Affairs of the Land 
Bank Directors turn out more in their disfavour, than when 
you were with us, on the Examination of that dark Scene, 
for the perticulars of which, as also all our public Affairs, I 
shall beg leave to refer to the Bearer my Brother, Whom I 
must warmly recommend to your Favour, and beg you would 
afford all the Assistance in your Power and that you will be 
so kind as to supply him ( if he should want it ) with One 
Hundred Pounds Sterl g on my Account. 

If the Breaches between you and S ir Plume remain open 
( for We are amus'd here, that an Accomodation between all 
Parties is by the Friends on each side strenuously pusht ) I 
believe you may be supply'd with Matter sufficient, to put it 
out of his Power ever to repeat any ill treatment. Wishing 
you Success in your Solicitations. 

I am Sir Your most Hum ble Serv* 

James Allen 
Hon ble Sam 1 Waldo Esq r 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 39 

Letter, Isaac Winslozo to Sam 1 Waldo 

( Copy g Davis ) 

Boston Jan'y 26 th 1749 
Dear Sir 

My last was by a Snow Cap* Spinder in which I sent you 
a Copy of the Case with the Gov r under care of M r Stansbury, 
since which nothing material has occur'd in your affairs We 
have had a great deal of Cold Weather which prevents col- 
lecting any great Quantity of Boards at Casco, but as soon 
as the rivers are open M r Frank writes me he expects to have 
abo 1 100 thous' 1 at the Wharf w ch I shall send Vessells to 
load them for Halifax if I find the price keeps up there, the 
last Acco 1 from thence was 3.10/ 

I have not yet heard from Zouberbuhler in answer to any 
of mine & have wrote him often He is at Halifax where I 
understand he carry'd with him a Cargo of goods in a small 
Vessell which goods & Vessell are all condemn'd Its prob- 
able he intends you to bear a part in his loss, & as I look 
upon it your Effects in his hands must be in a dangerous 
scituation, I have sent a power to M r Aaron Porter a person 
of good Character & Nephew to the Worthy Judge Sewall 
w th directions to take care of & secure your Effects in the 
best manner in case he finds any danger from Zouberbuhler's 
bad management I hope the settlement at Georges will go 
on well next year not only from what may be done towards 
the Importation of Inhabitants by private persons but from 
the Incouragement the Gen 11 Court seems to give. A Comit- 
tee from both Houses have reported a bounty of 5 Dollars a 
head on all servants brought into the Government, & the 
giving away two townships at the Eastward & two at y e 
Westward, The sending the Province Ship to Holland or 
Ireland is talk'd of & I'm fully of y e opinion something will 
be done by the province towards the introducing a Number 



40 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

of Inhabitants Industry, Frugality & the Improvem* of our 
Lands are universally talk'd of & agreed to be the only means 
of keeping a Silver Curr cy among us A Number of Gentle m 
in Trade & others have form'd themselves into a society & 
subscribed a sum of money to promote these good Ends ) of 
w ch I've the honour to be a member. From the whole it 
appears to me something considerable will be done in the 
Importation of Settlers as its the first thing necessary for the 
publick Good & I hope it will not be esteem'd the Less so, 
by Those in pow r because it may be of service to your settle- 
ments. The Gen 11 Court have at last past an Act to explain 
& confirm y e Act pass'd last sessions respecting our Curr cy & 
the silver comes out of the Treasury at y e 31 st March — 

M r Bollan is chosen Agent for y e province & goes home in 
the next ship. The Settlement of the Boundaries of y e Land 
between the French & us & to prevent y e encroachments on 
the Land of this province, is the principal reason given for 
his going so soon & it's allow'd here y* he is well acquainted 
with the affair having taken a great deal of pains when in 
England & since he has been here to get a thorough knowl- 
edge of it I understand the French claim as far as Kenebeck 
river. Notwithstanding M r Bollans relation to a certain 
Gent™ I am perswaded that he will not be inclin'd to any 
opposition to your Interest for the sake of pleasing him. 
Some Gent m have in his private company introduc'd some 
talk of the depending dispute between y e Gov r & you & he 
has prudently declin'd saying anything abo* it only that he 
knew nothing of the affair. This has been attempted at dif- 
ferent times by some ffr ds of his & yours I think he is a 
Gent m of Strict honour & I hope it will not be displeasing to 
you, That I wish there may be a good understand 8 between 
you I shall write you again shortly by y e Bethel Cap* Ross 
& shall only add that M rs Winslow y e Baby & my sister 



OF THE STATE OF MAOTE 41 

Hannah are very well & present their duty & Love to you & 
their Brothers w ch be pleas'd to accept from 
D r Sir &c &c 

Boston 3 d Feb 1 ? 1749 
Dear Sir 

The preceeding is Copy of what 1 wrote by a Vessell bound 
to Holland w ch was expected would touch at Dover, Since 
that the Gen 1 Court have rise, They have not given any 
bounty on the Importation of Forreigners tho u they have 
given away two Townships one at the Westward, the other 
at the Eastward, bordering on Kittery & Berwick, The two 
Townships are said to contain 23 thous d acres & are to be 
divided to 120 Familys. 

This Grant was made in consequence of a Letter from one 
Crellins a German in Philadelphia, who taking notice 
of the Lieu 1 Gov rs Speach recomending the Incouraging For- 
reigners to come among us wrote him a L r offering his ser- 
vices to introduce a number of Familys from Germany The 
Gen r Court have voted him 250 acres in each Town for his 
Encouragement It's suppos'd that this M r Crellins will go 
over to Germany on this business & that he will be able to 
procure a good number of people to come over here as he has 
been employ'd many years at Phila. in this Way of business 
& is said to understand it well. Please observe That this 
Grant of the Court is not confm'd to any persons y* may be 
introduc'd by Crellins nor is he to be under Engagement to 
place them there as I apprehend ; I intend therefore to write 
him what Encouragement I suppose you will give to any 
Settlers he may introduce at S l Georges Its probable he 
will be here in the Spring & that I may by that time know 
Yo r resolutions w th regard to y e increasing the Number of 
Germans having wrote you some time since on that head. In 
the mean time I shall not neglect any opportunity of doing 



42 DOCUMENT AKY HISTORY 

every Thing in my power to promote yo r Settlements I hope 
y 4 before next sumer is out, Affairs at y e Eastward will put 
on a different Face, from the number of Vessells gone & 
going for passengers & from what I suppose you will procure 
sent over. My Broth r Josh a T. Gunter & S m Wentworth 
have obtaind the Loan of the province Ship & She is now fit- 
ting for Ireland but its doubtfull whether she will be in sea- 
son for next Sumer I'm not certain whether you have so 
good an Opinion of Germans, as } r ou have of Irish settlers 
but is there not a greater probability of extending yo r Settle- 
ments by introducing Germans, since They are more numer- 
ous & as You have begun a Settlem 1 with Them I sho d think 
it probable any of y r Countrymen that come this Way wo d 
incline to be with Them : I understand that Pensylvania 
Government is quite fill'd w th Germans. 

I have not yet receiv'd anj^ thing considerable of y e out- 
stand g Debts or bonds, nor has Frank of those due at the 
Eastward. Scarcity of mony is the general Complaint but 
when the Dollars are at Liberty I hope it will be better times 
on this As well as on other Accounts. We are impatiently 
waiting to hear of yo r Arrival & hope it will not be long first. 

I've only to add the duty full Regards of the Ladys under 
my roof & y* I am w th like regard Dear Sir 

Your most affectionate & very humb. Serv* 

Isaac Winslow. 
P S. Inclose you one of Claphams the other he sent you 
from Halifax. I also inclose Copy of a L r from M r Crellins 
to the Lieu 1 Gov r . What was acted upon it you'l see by the 
votes of the House w cU I sent for to the printers but he tells 
me M r Allen has them for you. 

I forgot to write You y* some Gen* this Sessions made 
some Attempts to bring forward an Act for ascertaining the 
Titles of Eastern Lands, by a Court to be erected for this 
purpose — I think it must be a good thing in General as the 
Disputableness of some Titles has probably been a hindrance 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 43 

to the Settlem 1 of the Whole It's what I understand has 
been talk'd of for some years I shall be glad of yo r opinion 
upon it. 

Inclos'd is Copy of a L r from T. Henderson / 

Boston 20° Febru? 1749 
Dear Sir 

I wrote you last week by the Bethel Cap* Ross Since 
which I have the pleasure of your Letters by Cap 1 Bowers 

The Accounts You therein give of yo r & our Broth" safe 
Arrival & being in good Spirits the receptions You meet 
with from Persons of the greatest Distinction as well as 
others, & the probability of all Affairs turning out to yo r 
mind do afford us of yo r Family here as well as yo r other 
Friends the highest Joy & Satisfaction — 

You have herewith M r Townsends acco t8 as I find them in 
yo r Books The general Mem I shall inspect & shall observe 
what You may have added that's new in yo r last; The 
Weather still continues exceeding cold at times That no 
boards can be got down from the mills. Frank has abo 1 40m 
at Casco & as soon as the Weather abates I think to get a 
Vessell to take Them in for Chebucta. I shall be glad to 
hear you have made a Contract for Lumber & Lime. By 
what I can learn from people who come from Halifax, They 
will be able at least to lessen the Demand next sumer by y r 
own mills, so y* if you contract for such a Quantity as may 
be a two or three years supply it may be best. I have agreed 
w th ]yjr (] 00 ke for his share of the Lime Works & Quarrys 
for w ch am to give him 1500X O. Ten r I sho d be glad to know 
What Compass it takes in, I mean the Land & rocks w ch 
were allotted for the business of the Works — 

If I could have a L r to Gov r Cornwallis recomending the 
preference of any Vessell I might send to Halifax to be 
improv'd in the Governments service sho d there be a demand 



44 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

for any, or should there be a Demand for rum or any supplys 
in the Ordnance Way I shall be greatly oblig'd for yo r good 
offices herein — 

I wrote You that the province ship was lent to severall 
Gen* here on a Voya. for Ireland. The difficulty of procur- 
ing Timber will prevent her going till the Fall, So that they 
propose w th the Leave of the Gen. Court to have the advan- 
tage of collecting y r passengers y e Next Winter in Ireland. 
I have not yet heard any Thing further from M r Zouber- 
buhler I have very seldom any L rs from Maj r Freeman, I'm 
apt to think He dont well relish M r Franks being at Casco & 
It's probable He thinks an attention to yo r affairs may not be 
requisite. I have wrote to know what Cattle he sold, but 
have had no L r from him a great while, but shall write him 
again to day. 

As this is an uncertain Way of conveying a L r to You I 
dont write so fully as I might otherwise do. I shall only add 
that your Daughters w tb our little one are all well : 

We present you our dutifull regards & esteem our selves 
under the greatest Obligations for yo r kind Expressions of 
Affection & esteem for Us. They intend to write you g next 

ship The affair with M r P 11 & Miss remains much as 

you left It I have hitherto omitted saying any Thing of it 
as I've been at a Loss what to say ; & Miss Hannah has been 
of Opinion y* it was best to be silent on y e Affair at present. 
Every post almost has bro* some apology for his not coming 
& M r Sparhawk still thinks favourably of him ; A short time 
must I think determine his Intentions 

I am with the sincerest regard Dear Sir 

Yo r most affectionate & very humb Servant 

Isaac Winslow 

PS. Be so good as to present our Love to the Cap 1 & 
Ralph & our Compliments to Sir William. 

The hon ble Sam 11 Waldo Esq r 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 45 

Letter, Cha s Procter to Sam 1 Waldo 

Halifax March 19 th 1749/50 
You have hear Duplicate of mine of the 3 d Dec r last in 
which I inform'd as followeth — 

Halifax Decern 1 6 th 1749 
Sir 

I hope you will excuse my boldness in trobling you with a 
line, &c. 

please to Observe this in any of your recommendations of 
me — Yo rs &c &c &c 



Kittery Mar : 8 1749 
Dear Sir/ 

The above & foregoing I confirm as copy of my last, since 
Have Had the Inexpressible pleasure to Hear of yo r safe 
Arriv 1 and S r Will ms at London. I congratulate y° on this 
Kind Event of Providence, & upon the Hopes of your Suc- 
cess with M r S y, & your being rewarded for yo r pub- 
lick Services, w ch is most just & reasonable, y* y° should be ; 
One post is just going out, & I have this minute advice y l 
there is a Ship Bound to Engl d from Rhode Isl d y* I can't 
only just Hint at a few things Many are surprised y 4 M r 

B — n should be chosen A 1, when two of the principle 

Gen 1 of the Country are at Home and y* M r K y should 

be dropped; M r S j and His prime Minister T. 

M n, wee owe our Acknowledging to for this. Doc 1 

Av — y of Lond° was put up at the same time with M r B 

& So was the Aforenam'd M r M n. & there was no 

choice, But A. came nearer to it much ( I Hear) y n B. upon 

w <* h n Joyn'd his Interests with B. w ch carry 'd in 

favour of B. by a small majority I Hear the Country resents 
this conduct. & intend an Alteration at the B d, that 



46 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

is somewhat general, I am told my Friends intend Me some 

place this year in the C 1, & shall be glad y* y° & S r W m 

may be in time to joyn your Friends in reEstablishing M r 

K y, & doing many other Services, I am sure y° are 

En wanted, Pray make my Complim* 3 to M r K y. I 

am quite impatient to Hear further from y° & Hope the Two 
Bashaws, will have their Quietus, w ch I should think y° & S r 

W might have force En to effect. I shall write y° 

more at large g s° Conveyance from Boston. In the Interim, 
Assure your self of my best wishes & respects & y* I sin- 
cerely Am D r Sir 

Y r Affec a & most Ob* Hum 1 S» 

N Sparhawk 
Pray make my Complim* 8 to Your Sons — 

[ Superscribed ] 
To the Hon ble Brigad r General Waldo att London 
Via Rhode Isl d .— 



Letter Isaac Winslotv to Hon. Sam 1 Waldo 

Boston March 19, 1749 
Dear Sir 

I wrote you lately by way of Ireland, & hearing of a Ves- 
sell bound to Lond from N. port, I take this opportunity of 
forwarding you a L r from M r Sparhawk under Cover to 
Chris Kilby Esq r 

The Weather is now become moderate, & by what M r 
Frank writes me, there will be a good Quantity of boards 
collected this sufner; but there's a poor prospect at present 
of a market for them ; They are sold here at 18X & expected 
to be lower — At Halifax They are but S£ & by I/ 8 I have 
from thence 12° Cur* They are over stock'd; I have found 
That Casco is the best market for Them & have directed 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 47 

PVank to make Sale of Them as soon as possible I wish you 
would make an advantageous Contract both for Boards & 
Lime ; Of Lime They expect to make near 2 thous d ho d8 if 
Theres a market for it Its but 30/ at Halifax & dull 

I shall be glad of a L r from some person of note to Gov 1 
Cornwallis recomending the taking off these or any other 
Articles \v cU may be in demand. My being thus made known 
to him may be of great advantage. 

I want much also to have yo r sentiments w th regard to the 
introducing Germans from Pensylvania and from Holland to 
S l Georges 

I had this day a L r from M r Crellins whom I mentiond to 
you in my Last, He is coming w th a Design of embarking for 
Holland on the affair of bringing over fforreigners He offers 
me his service & writes me he'll try to divert this Way some 
people in the settlem ts in Pensylvania who talk of removing 
to S° Carolina ; If he does I will try to get them to settle at 
Georges. 

As theres no great prospect of this L r reaching the Vessel], 
I conclude with assurances of my great regard & that I am 
D r S r Yo r most affectionate & very hum serv 1 

Isaac Winslow 
P S. M rs Winslow & miss Hannah are well & present 
y r duty to you ; Yoivl please to make our Compliments to 
the Cap 1 to Ralph & M r Bethune 

[ Superscribed ] 
To The hon We Sam 11 Waldo Esq r 
at London 



Answer to Pet n of Second Parish of Falmouth. 

To the Honourable Spencer Phipps Esq r Lieut Gov- 
ernour and Commander in Chief in and over His 



48 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Maj 8 Province of the Mass 3, Bay in New England. 
The Hon ble the Council and the Hono ble House of 
Representatives of the Said Province in General 
Court assembled at Boston on y e 22 d March 1749/50 
We the Subscribers being impoured by y e first Parish in 
Falmouth within the County of York & Province afores d — 
To make answer to a Petition of y e Second Parish within 
said Town, exhibited To this Hon ble Court on the 23 d day of 
Nov r last, that they might be made a Seperate Township, And 
we are of opinion that it is a mannif est peice of Injustice for 
them To indeavour To cast the heavy burden of maintaining 
the Great Bridge built over the Main & fore River in said 
Town as it was built for the advantage of both Parishes as 
also for the whole County and repaired by both Parishes and 
off which part they groan under as being Justly suggested 
Too much for said Town to maintain w th the Sundry other 
Great Bridges necessarily built within Said Town. And tho 
they have exceeded the bounds of the Township granted by 
the General Court To make them appear large Enough for a 
Township having in their Petition by y e best information we 
can get represented themselves to be almost Twice as large 
in Extent then they really are and about as large as the Whole 
Town and have also in their Petition unjustly reflected on 
this part of the Town by insinuating that by their being by 
y e Water prevented attending the Town Meetings many 
things are acted and done to their Damage Whereas no 
meetings are held here but when they may as easily attend 
as any off of y e Neck — and by them always more Generally 
attended than by the Inhabitants of the other parts of y e 
Town, especially by those at New Casco and y e Rest living on 
y e Eastern Side of Presumpscut River, for Whom it is much 
more difficult to attend those Publick Town Meetings then 
for those in the Second Parish and to obviate their Charge 
abo* a School We herewith send a Copy of w* Sums of mony 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 49 

the town has voted for Support of Schools since and in y e 
year 1737 and the first Parish are willing that if the Second 
be obliged to keep a Graramer School at Their own Cost 
they be freed intirely from paying any Tax Toward Support- 
ing one in the first Parish. 

Yet if Yo r Hon 18 should judge it Proper To make them a 
Seperate Township We in behalf of the aforesaid first Parish 
Humbly pray that Yo r Hon™ would oblige them to maintain 
& Support their equal part or proportion To the aforesaid 
Great Bridge until it is made a County Charge, or that we be 
otherwise releav'd from said heavy Charge Thr° Your 
Wonted Wisdom and Goodness — and beleive the first Parish 
wo d be as willing as the Second of Their being Sett off on 
those conditions as many foreseeing Men belonging to said 
Second Parish have expres d their uneasiness of Such a 
Petition W ch if Granted would involve them as they fear 
into Great Difficultys and much increase their Charge as 
wel as ours 

As in Duty bound shall Ever Pray 

Cha 8 ffrost Ja 8 Fox Jn° Waite 



Petition. Wiscasset. 

To the Honbl 6 Spencer Phips Esq r Lue* Gov 1 " & Com- 
mander in Chief the Hon ble his Majestys Council the House 
of Representatives of y e Province of the Maschusets Bay in 
Generall Court Asembled at Boston by Prorogation to the 
twenty Second day of March 1749. 

The Humble Petition of us the Subscribers &c A Number 
of Inhabitants to the Number of about Fifty Famelys who 
have been for fourteen or Fifteen Years last Past Bringing 
Forward a Settlement at a Place Called Whiscasick to y e 
Eastword of Georgetown Within the County of York and 



50 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Whereas we finde by Sad Experance that we in the sircum- 
stances that we are in and for want of our being Erected 
into a Township and being Invested with y e Powers & Priv- 
alages that Other of his Majesty s Good Subjects do Injoy 
Cannot Orderly Prosed to y e Calling Settling & Supporting 
a Gosple Minister Employing & Mentaining a Schoolmaster 
for y e Teaching our Children & Many Other 111 Conveyan- 
ces not Nesasery to be Mentioned to Your Honours You 
well Knowing what People meet with where Order & Gov- 
erment is wanting This therefore waits on Your Honours 
to Pray You to take y e Premises into Your wise Considera- 
tion & If it may be Agreable to Your Pleasures that You 
would be Pleased To Erect us into A Town or Otherways as 
You shall think fitt & Invest us with the Powers & Privi- 
leges as Other of his Majesty's Good Subjects do Injoy in 
the like case. May it Please Your Honours Whereas We 
Setled Under a number of Properiators where of S r William 
Pepperrill Baronite is one Known by the name of y e Whis- 
casick Properiators & in Order to Include their Claim within 
y e said town or Presinct which we Pray may be Called by y e 
Name of Whitehaven this we would Humbly Propose that 
y e Bounds thereof be Stated & described After y e following 
maner Vix Begining at a Place Known by y e Name of 
Sheepscutt Narrows thence Runing Northwest 5 Milds then 
Runing three Milds & a half South West then Runing by 
Georgetown Eastren line Untill it comes to y e Sea Then 
begining at Sheepscutt Narrows afores d & Runing South 
East 2 Milds then South three Milds from thence South West 
Untill it comes to y e Sea, takeing Jaremy Squam or Long 
Island with all Other Small Islands that may fall within y e s d 
bounds So may it Please Your Honours we have taken leve 
to Propose & Wait Your Pleasure & as in Duty Bound Shall 
Ever Pray &c 
Jon n Williamson James Nelson Joseph Young Ju 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



51 



Robert Foy 
Elisha Kenny 
John Gray 
Thomas Young 
Henery Hooman 
Michall Sevey 
Ambros Colby 
Abraham Preble 
John Rowell 
David Danford 
Moses Gray 
William Hilton 



Isaac Young 
Ebenezer Gove 
Jacob Metcalf 
William Boyinton 
Obadiah Allbec 
James Peirce 



Samll Trask 
Robert Huper 
Joseph Welch 
Richerd Holbrook 
Aron Abott 
Robert Lambert 



Sharabiah Lambert Ruglas Colby 
Timothy Dunton Nathanel Runlet 



Frances Gray 
Joshua Silvester 
Joseph Tayler 
Joseph Young J r 



James Gray 

John Baker 

George Gray 

Jonathan Howard 
Jonathan Blackledge Andrew Bowman Caleb Boyinton 
Benjman Colby 

In the House of Rep ve8 April. 9. 1750 
Read and Ordered that the Prayer of the Pet" be granted 
and Col Storer has leave to bring in a Bill Accordingly 
Att r Roland Cotton Clerk Dom Rep. 



Memorial. 

To his Excellency Thomas Pownall Esq r Commander 
in Chief of the Province of the Massachusetts Bay, 
The Hon ble his Majesty's Council & house Represent- 
atives — 
The Memorial of the Proprietors of the Kennebeck Pur- 
chase from the late Colony of New Plymouth 
Humbly Shews 

Whereas the making strong Settlements on the Frontiers 
of any Country is its principal strength, and best security. 
That the river Kennebeck from its situation with regard to 
Quebeck being nearly under the same Meridian, & the near- 
ness of its head to Chaudiere River, which gives the English 
an easy water Carriage to that Capital, has long been the 



52 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

object of The attention of the French Court which by their 
Commissaries at Paris in the Year 1750 laid claim to it 

That on this consideration the Government of The Massa- 
chusetts built Fort Halifax to secure that River and that 
part of the Country from the French, and is still at consider- 
able expence to maintain it 

That this expence is greatly increased by the Transporta- 
tion of Provisions so great away as from Boston to that Fort 

Now your memorialists would beg leave to make a pro- 
posal to your Excellency and Honours which if carried into 
execution they humbly conceive will more effectually secure 
that River & Country from the French ; would in a few 
years lessen the expence of the Government, in maintaining 
that Fort, and in the mean time create no additional charge 
to the Government 

The proposal is this That Y r Memorialists shall lay out 
four Townships near Fort Halifax for the settlement of Fifty 
families in each, and Grant each Family 150 acres of Land, 
besides a home Lot of five acres, upon the following Con- 
ditions, Viz. That each family should build an House of at 
least twenty feet square on the house lot and clear the said 
home Lot, fit for plowing and mowing within 3 years; or 
that the fifty Families of each Township, should build six 
large houses in a defensible manner of 80 feet in length, 40 
feet in Breadth and eight feet stud, four of them at the four 
corners of the five acre Lots, and two of them within said 
Lots at places to be agreed on by a major Vote ; and to clear 
the said five acre Lots as aforesaid : but the beginning of the 
first settlement will be attended with the greatest difficulty : 
therefore for the encouragement of the first hundred Families 
that goes to settle the two first Townships in the manner 
aforesaid 

Your Memorialists would further humbly propose that the 
commanding officer at Fort Halifax should be authorized by 
a Law of the Province to inlist one hundred men, such as 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 53 

shall be recommended by your Memoralists to do the duty of 
Fifty private men at that Fort for three Years, or as long 
after that time as the war with y e French and Indians shall 
continue in the room of the Garrison now there, the said 
hundred men to do duty alternately, viz 50 of them for one 
week and the other fifty for the next succeed 8 week, and so 
by turns during the said term, the said hund d men to have 
from the Government for three Years, the pay and subsist- 
ence of the 50 privates now at that Fort. 

That in case of an Attack by the French or Indians upon 
Fort Halifax that the other 50 shall then repair to said Fort 
and do duty therein during the attack and be allowed sub- 
sistence for that time & that your Memorialists will oblige 
themselves to make it a Condition of their Grant that if the 
settlers of said Township shoud on occasion being warn'd by 
the commanding Officer of that Fort, refuse or neglect to 
repair to their said duty they shall thereby forfeit their 
Lands so granted 

If the Hon ble Court should think proper to come into this 
proposal it is humbly apprehended it would be the means of 
the said four Townships being soon well settled, and in con- 
sequence thereof, the whole of the River for sixty miles 
below being also well settled, which would in a more effect- 
ual manner secure that said River and Country from the 
French and lessen the expence of the maintenance of Fort 
Hallifax, and in the mean time create no additional charge to 
the Province, and besides these advantages it will in a good 
measure prevent the Indians in that Quarter from disturbing 
the County of York, and be a means of bringing them off 
from their attachment to the French or obliging them to 
remove to Canada especially the penobscotts whose usual 
route to Canada is near Fort Hallifax : 

Cha Apthorp Thomas Hancock 

Silv Gardiner Will m Bowdoin 

Benj Hallowell James Pitt 



54 DOCUMENT AH Y HISTORY 

Report. 

The Comittee appointed on His Hon" Message yesterday 
having considered the same, Report as their Opinion, That 
His Hon r be desired to appoint some sutable person with 
proper Assistant to Repair ( as soon as may be ) to the River 
Le Chock in the Eastern parts of This Province to make 
Discovery whether any French Settlements are lately begun 
and carrying on there ; in such way and maner as His Hon 1 
shall Judge most Convenient. 

which is Humbly submitted p. order of y e Com te 

John Hill 
In Council April 3. 1751 Read & sent down 
In the House of Rep lves April 3. 1751 

Read and Ordered that the Report be accepted 
Sent up for concurrence T. Hubbard Spk r 

In Council April 3. 1751 Read & Con cur 'd 

Sam Holbrook D ty Secry 

In the House of Rep ves April 3. 1750 

On the Pet ns of Cap* Hobbs and Cap 1 Pierson Voted that 
a Township C of Six Miles square on the North West Side 
of the Line from Sebago Pond to the Head of Berwick 
against Gorham Town be and hereby is granted to Cap* 
Humphry Hobbs and Company and to Cap* Moses Pierson 
and Company and those who have Signed his Petition 
D Provided they take E in Associates of the Cape Breton 
Men (so called) so as to make up the full Number of 
One hundred and twenty. Conditioned to Settle said Town- 
ship with Sixty Families within two Years from this time. 

And Sixty nine more within Seven Years from the same 
time with A dwelling Houses, and to bring to and Cultivate 
five Acres of Land to each House within three Years from 
the time of Settling. The said Settlers to make One hun- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 55 

dred twenty three Shares. One for the first Minister One 
for the Ministry and one for the School. And to settle a 
Learned Orthodox Minister within five Years. ( B And if 
any Persons do not fulfil the Conditions of this Grant their 
Lands to Revert to the Province ) 

Sent up for concurrence 

Tho s Hubbard Spk r pro Tempore 

In Council April 7. 1750 

Read & Concur'd with the Amendments at A. & B. 
Sent down for Concurrence 

Sam Holbrook D ty Secry 

A dele & insert — a Dwelling House to each Lot 

B Dele & insert 

Provided always any thing in this Vote to the contrary 
notwithstanding that the Fee of said Lands shall be & remain 
in the Province until the Conditions of this Grant are ful- 
filled by the respective Settlers and whensoever any Settler 
shall make it appear to the satisfaction of the Province 
Treasurer for the time being that he the s d Settler has 
comply 'd with the terms requird for this Lott or Share a 
Deed shall be given by said Treasurer ( who is hereby 
requir'd & impower'd to execute the same ) conveying the 
Right and Title of the Province in & to such Lot or share, to 
such Settler his Heirs and Assigns for ever. And all such 
Lots or shares as shall not be settled at the Expiration of 
Seven Years according to the Terms of the Grant may & 
shall be sold by the Province Treasurer for the time being 
who is hereby impower'd to give a good and sufficient Deed of 
same to such purchaser as may then appear their Heirs & 
Assigns the amount of such Sale to be brought into the 
Province Treasury. 

In the House of Rep sve8 April 9. 1750 

Read and Nonconcur'd and the following Vote pass'd 
Viz. 



56 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Journal of the House of Representatives. Page, 221, 222. 

Luna 9. Die Aprilis, A. D. 1750. 

Sylvanus Bourn, Esq ; brought down the Vote on the 
Petitions of Capt. Hobbs and Capt. Pierson, respecting a 
Township. Pass'd in Council, viz. In Council April 7 th 
1750. Read and concur' d with the Amendments. 

Sent down for Concurrence. 

Read and nonconcur'd, and Ordered, That Col. Choate, 
Mr. Allen, and Capt. Little, take the Vote of the House 
under Consideration, and report what they judge proper 
further to be done thereon. 

Pages 226. 13 April A. D. 1750 

The Committee appointed on the Petitions of Capt. Moses 
Pierson and Capt Humphry Hobbs, prepar'd a Vote as taken 
into a new Draft, which was accepted by the House, instead 
of that which pass'd this House the 3 d Currant ; and the 
Grant of a Township was pass'd accordingly 

Sent up for Concurrence. 

Page 231. 17 April A. D. 1750. 

The Committee for that Purpose appointed, reported 
Amendments on the Grant of a Township to Capt. Pierson 
and Capt. Hobbs ; which was read and accepted by the 
House, and the Grant made accordingly. 

Sent up for Concurrence. 

Page 233, 236. 18 April, A. D. 1750. 

The Grant of a Township to Capt. Peirson, and Capt. 
Hobbs, read again, and is as follows, viz. 

Voted. That a Township of the Contents of six Miles 
Square on the northwest Side of the Line from Sabago Pond 
to the Head of Berwick against Gorham-Town and Numb. 
One, be and hereby is granted to Capt. Humphry Hobbs and 
Company, and to Capt. Moses Pierson and Company, and 
those who have signed his Petition, provided they take 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 57 

Associates of the Cape Breton Soldiers, so called, not 
excluding the Representatives of such as are dead, so as to 
make the whole Number of Grantees one Hundred and 
twenty, sixty of which to settle in distinct Families on said 
Township within three Years from this Time, and sixty more 
within seven Years of the same Time: Each Settler or 
Grantee to give Bond to the Treasurer of this Province for 
the Time being within twelve Months of this Time in the 
sum of twenty Pounds, Conditioned that he will ( if of the 
first Settlers) by himself or some other Person, build a 
House on his Share eighteen Feet long sixteen wide and 
seven Feet Studd, bring too and fit for plowing or pasturing 
five Acres of Land within three Years from this Date ; and 
if of the second Settlers to perform the same Condition 
within seven Years of same Time, and cause a suitable 
Meeting House for the publick Worship of God to be built 
in the Township, and a learned orthodox Minister of good 
Conversation to be settled among them within five years ; 
the whole Township to be in one Hundred and twenty three 
equal Shares, one for the Ministry, one for the School, and 
one for the first settled Minister, the rest in equal Share3 
among the said Grants : And in Case any Proprietor shall 
fail of performing his Part of the Condition to be express'd 
in his Bond as aforesaid, the Treasurer of the Province for 
the Time being shall and he is hereby impowered and 
directed, in his own Name for the Use and Order of this 
Government, to put such Delinquent's Bond in Suit; and the 
Share of such delinquent Proprietor is hereby declared and 
made liable to an extent of Execution for the Satisfaction of 
any Sum that may be by said Treasurer recovered on the 
Settler aforesaid, where other Estate is not to be found, any 
Conveyance of such delinquent Proprietor's Share to any 
other Person or Persons that may have been made notwith- 
standing : The said Township to be laid out in as regular a 



58 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Form, and with as little Prejudice to the other Province 
Lands as may be ; a Plan thereof to be taken by a skilful 
Surveyor and Chairman on Oath, and returned to this Court 
within twelve Months for Confirmation : and that Jabez Fox, 
Ezekiel Cushing, and Enoch Freeman, Esqrs ; be a Com- 
mittee to take the said Bonds, and transmit them to the 
Treasurer of this Province, the Charge thereof to be born 
by the Petitioners. 

Sent up for Concurrence. 



Vote, on petition of J. Molton £ others. 

In the House of Representatives April 17 th 1750 

On the Petition of Jeremiah Molton Esq r and others 
Offesers and Soldiers Imployd in the Reduction of Louis- 
bourg and the desendants of such as are desesed 

Voted That a Township of the Contents of Six miles 
Square Adjoining to the Towship of Berwick and Philleps 
Town in the County of York, Be and hereby is Granted unto 
the said Jeremiah Molton and the Rest of the Petitionors 
and thair asociats to be of the s d Louisbourg Soilders to make 
up the Number in the whole one hundred and twenty 
Grantees, in Equal shers Saving three sheres shall be Layd 
out and asignd to the following uses to witt one for the 
Ministry one for the schoole and one for the first minister that 
shall settle in s a Township which is to be to his Heirs and 
asigns, Sixty of the Grantees to Settele in s d township in 
distinct famaleys within three years from this time and the 
other Sixty within Seven years of the same time. 

Each Grantee to give bond to the Secretarey of this provnce 
for the time being, within twelve months of this time in the 
sum of Twenty pounds Conditiond that he will ( if of the 
first Sixty ) by him selfe or sum other person Build a house 






OF THE STATE OF MAINE 59 

on his Share Eighteen feet Long Sixteen Wide and Seven 
feet Stood bring to and fitt for plowing pasturing and mow- 
ing five acers of Land within three years from this time, and 
if of the Second Sixty to perform the Same Conditions 
within Seven years of the same time and to Cause a Suitable 
meeting house for the publick worship of God to be bult 
and a Learned orthodox minister of Good Conversation to be 
setteld in said township within five years. 

And in Case aney Grantee shall fail of performing his 
part of the Condition to be Exprest in his bond afores d the 
Secretarey of this provence for the time being shall and he is 
hereby Impowered and directed in his own name but to the 
Use and behoof of this provenc to put such delinquent 
Grantees bond in Sute And the Share of such delinquent 
Grantee is hereby declared and made lyable to an Exteent of 
Execution for the Sattisfaction of any sum that may be by s d 
Secretary Recoverd on the failuer afores d when other Estate 
is not to be found aney Conveyance of such delinquent 
Grantees share to aney other parson that may have then ben 
made Notwithstanding. 

The said Township to be Layd out in as Reguler a form and 
with as Litle preduice to the other provence Lands as may be 
A plan theirof to be taken by a skillfull Surveyor and Chain- 
men on oath and Returnd to this Court within Twelve 
Months for Confirmation, and that John Hill Esq r Cap Batler 
be a Committie to take the s (1 Bonds and to transmitt them 
to the Secretary thaire Charge to be Born by the petitionors. 

Sent up for concurrence. 

Letter W m Sherriffto Sec r v Willard 

Annapolis Royal 7 th May 1750 
My Son in Law L l John Hamilton with a party of about 
18 or 20 Men being as it was ordered Reconnoitring at the 



60 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Grand Pree of Minas, & there surprised & taken by a much 
superiour number of Indians the 27. of Nov 1 last, & since 
that several other unfortunate English Subjects, which as I 
presume you have heard, I shall not, & indeed I cannot give 
you any further Account of them than that they were carried 
off to Chicanecto, as we have been informed : 

And as I & others have upon application to His Excel- 
lency Gov r Cornwallis & obtained his liberty to act in our 
private Capacities / & to use all possible means for their 
Redemption, We have accordingly practised & done all in 
our power ; but as yet to little or no purpose ; as they the 
Savages insist upon having the Indian Girls first returned, 
before they'll let them go, of which Girls, one being taken by 

Coll Gorham in this River he has engaged to send 

for her, provided the Governm 1 doth not give her up in 
exchange as customary in such Cases, & the other being a 
Daughter of one Cap* Sam, who deserted from Coll Gorham, 
& whom he the Coll tells us is allready return'd, by your 
Governm* to your Eastern Indians, — but it having been also 
reported here y* she was dead, which being doubtfull, is the 
cause of my giving You this trouble) which I hope you'll 
excuse upon such a pressing & necessary occasion; My 
request thereupon being that in either of these two Cases 
you would procure me a Certificate signed by Gov 1 " Phipps 
yourself, & as many more as you may think proper, for I 
presume you know their Credulity ; But if this Cap* Sam's 
Daughter is still alive, & not return'd, my humble request is, 
that his Honor the Gov r & your Governm 4 would graciously 
condescend to give Her up or to send Her hither, to be 
return'd to her Father, with that of Coll Gorhams, for the 
purpose affors d which being for the redemption of so many 
English Subjects It's humbly hoped that a Christian compas- 
sion towards them our unfortunate Bretheren, will move & 
prevail with all those concerned with said Cap 1 Sam's daugh- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 61 

ter & the other to Join with & assist Us so nearly concerned 
with these our poor distressed Prisoners, to recover them 
from their cruel state of Bondage, which as we cannot other- 
wise Effect, but upon those Terms I earnestly beg your appli- 
cation & Interest & that you will favour me with an answer 
& such necessary Certificates as are required, by the first 
opportunity - all necessary expences shall be thankfully paid 
& the favour most gratefully acknowledged by 

Sir Your Most Obedient & most humble Servant 

W m Sherreff 
[ Superscribed ] 

To Josiah Willard Esq r Sec ty to His Majesty's 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New 
England Boston 

At a Meeting of the freeholders and other Inhabitants of 
the Town of Wells Leagaly warned on the 14 th Day of May 
1750 

Voted that the Inhabitants Liveing bet wen Kenebunk and 
Mousom Rivers in Wells with the Lands and Estates of 
Every kind Lying between s d Kenebunk and Mousom to the 
head of the Township be and is Seet off as a Destinct Parrish 
In order to Settle the Gosple amongst them. 

A true Copey g Nath 1 Wells Town Clerk. 

Inhab ts of Sheepscot - Petition. 

To His Honnor Spencer Phips Leavetenant Governor 
and Comander in and over his Majesties province of 
the Massachusetts Bay in neAV England And to the 
Honorable hous of Representitives in Generall Court 
assembled Joyntly or severally 
The Petition of us the inhabitants of Sheepscot on Sheep- 
scot river, humbly sheweth 



62 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

The Great Difiquilty that we labour under for want of 
being incorporated into town order which is in a great misure 
a means very prejeduciall to our setlement and we having 
Experienced the Great damage of not being numberous in 
our lat warr with the indian Enemy is the Caus to ster us up 
now to Give your honnors this truble neither Can we Expect 
to be setled before we are put into a Capacity to setle a 
minister & have the benefeit of the province laws to Rease 
money to suport him neither Can we under our present sir- 
comstance oblidge people to yoak ther hoggs or fetter there 
horses that runs at large upon the Comons make highways or 
Bridges or regullar ther fences so as that we may live peace- 
ablely and Comfortablely together these things mentioned 
and severall others which we labor under for want of being 
incorporated and put into town order is so discourageing 
that we Canot Expect to grow numberous for there is 
hardly such a thing Can be Expected that any thinking 
people will Com and setle with us under our present sircom- 
stance for we Canot oblidge any man to doe any thing of 
these above mentioned but what is right in his own Eye so 
your honnors is soficient Judges of the defiquiltys we labour 
under for want of being into town order 

We pray that your Honnors would be pleased take our 
Case into your wise Consideration and in your great Wisdom 
inCorperat us into a town order by Granting to us to be 
inCorperated begining at the narows or at Mose point that is 
on the sheepscot river betwixt withcaset Bay and Sheepscot 
and so upwards Eight mills or as far as the tid flows up 
Sheepscot river with four Mills on Each sid of river and we 
your petitioners as in duty bound shall Ever pray 

Dated at Sheepscot May 25 th 1750 
William Clark James James Clark Jun 

William Kennedy Alex r Nikels William Ross 

Robert Hodge John B James Kennedy 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 63 

William Kennedy James Clark sign James Black 
Samuel Burns Robert Coheran Robert G 

James Hodge Timothy Wood John M 

John Cuningham Samuel Kennedy William Hopkins 
James Cuningham William M c Cleland James Anderson 
Henry Little William C David Hopkins 

Alexander Nickels William Hodg John Cuningham Ju 

Joseph Anderson Samuel Anderson Samuel Nickels 
Joseph Boys David Giveen James Giveen 

James Hodge Henery Hodge James Nikels 

petter petersons John petterson Willem Coheran 

John Mayors Alexander Mayors 

The Comittee to whom was Reffered the petition of Alex r 
Nichols & others, Do Report as their Opinion, That the 
Petition be so far Granted as that the Lands hereafter 
Delineated & Discribed with the Inhabitants Dwelling 
thereon be Erected into a Distinct & Seperate Township & 
that a Bill be brought in for that Purpose, Begining at the 
North East Comer of Wichcasset line Eight Miles, then 
North East by North Six Miles, then Easterly on a Line 
Parrellell with Wichcassett Head or Northerly line Eight 
Miles, and from thence to the first mentioned Corner 
All w c is Humbly Submitted P r order Tho 8 Clap 
Accepted and the Comm ee are directed to bring in a Bill 
accordingly. 



Petition of inhabitants of Kennebunk. 

Province of the 
Massa : Bay 

To the Honourable Spencer Phipps Esq r L l Govern 1 " and 
Commander in Chief, the Hon ble His Majesty's Council 



64 DOCUMENAKY HISORY 

and Hon ble House of Representatives in Gen 1 Court 

Assembled May the 30. 1750 

The Petition of the Subscribers Inhabitants of the Place 

called Kennebunk within the Township of Wells 
Humbly Sheweth, 

That your Petitioners dwell at a great Distance from the 
Meeting House of the said Town viz. Some Nine and the 
nearest between Six & Seven Miles therefrom, on Kennebunk 
River the Easterly End of said Town, and have paid their 
Proportion in the Taxes of said Town to the Publick Minis- 
try, and have not any other Objection thereto than the Dis- 
tance from the same, which is so great that our Women and 
Children, must live without the Ordinances of the Gospel for 
the most Part of the Year and the ablest of our Men, a great 
Part of y e Winter unless we Support a minister amongst our 
selves, which we have done almost Seven Years past in the 
Winter Season, and also built a Meeting House, with but 
little Help from y e s d Town. 

That this Plantation of Kennebunk within the said Town 
being a New and growing Place, consisting of thirty two 
Familys, and the Inhabitants thereof yearly increasing, will 
be greatly encouraged, and many others will probably be 
inclined to Settle with us if the Gospel Ministry may be 
established there 

That the said Town of Wells, consisting but of one Parish, 
and being, without the Aid of our Taxes, well able to Sup- 
port their own Ministry, have in Compassion to us Voted 
that the Inhabitants living between Kennebunk and Mousam 
Rivers in Wells with the Lands and Estates of every kind 
lying between said Kennebunk and Mousam to the Head of 
the Township, be and is set off as a distinct Parish, in Order 
to settle the Gospel amongst them. 

That your Petitioners hope by y e Blessing of God on our 
Endeavours we shall be able in some Measure to Support a 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



65 



Minister, if we may be discharged from the Taxes for y e Sup- 
port of the Ministry of the said Town. 

Wherefore your Petiti humbly pray that your Hon 1- and 
this Hon Me Court who we doubt not are disposed to encour- 
age true Religion in all Places will take our Circumstances 
into your wise Consideration and relieve us by erecting us 
into a distinct and separate Parish or Precinct by the Bounds 
allowed and consented to according to the Vote of said Town 
which we pray a Confirmation of 

And Your Petitioners as in Duty bound Shall ever pray — 



Benj a Coussens 
Robard Cusens 
Richard Thomson 
John Wackfeld 
Samuel Shackley 



John Mitchell 

Thomas Town 

Jaems Wacfild 

John Gillpatrick 

Richard Kimball 
Nathaniel Wakfield Samuel Littlefeild John Gilpatrick 
Joseph Town John Butland John Webber 

John freas Step Webber Joseph Wormwood 

his 

Jonathan Webber Stephen Titcomb John X Borks 

mark 

Samuel Emons Bentmion Wormwood Jerediah Wakfield 
Rich' 1 Boothby Nathaniel Kimball Thomas Kimball 

John Maddock Thomas Cusens 



Joseph Coussens 
Jesse Town 
Gilbins Wakfield 
Stephen Larabe 
Phillip Brown 



Letter Ez. dishing <f* others to Hon. Jeremiah Moulton 

Falmouth June 1, 1750. 
Hon ble Sir, 

We are now to inform you that we have come to an Agree- 
ment to Settle our late Hon d Father's Estate among our 
Selves, with the Help of some Friends ; and as Soon as they 
adjust, we Shall accomplish and finish our Agreement in 
Order that the Will may be withdrawn by Order ; Therefore 



66 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

we pray that your Hon 1 " wou'd Still indulge us with Regard 

to Said Settlement &c. And you'll thereby Oblige 

Yo r very hum 1 Serv* 

Ez : Cushing Robert Mitchell 

Dominicus Jordan Clement Jordan 

Jos : Prout 

To the Hon ble Jeremiah Moulton Esq 1 at York 

Filed July 1, 1750 

A true Copy Exam d 

g Simon Frost Reg r 

In Council June 6. 1754. Ordered that the Consideration 
of this Pet" & Answer be refer'd to the second Wednesday 
of the next Sitting of this Court. 

Sent down for Concurrence Tho 8 Clarke Dp ty Secry 

In the house of Rep s June 11, 1754. 

Read and Concurred T. Hubbard Spk r 

In Council Novem r 14. 1754 Ordered that the Consider- 
ation of this Pet n and Answer be further refer'd to the second 
Wednesday of the next Sitting of this Court. 

Sent down for Concurrence Tho 8 Clarke Dp ty Secry 

In the House of Rep 8 Nov r 15. 1754 

Read & Concurred T. Hubbard Spk r 

Mem Whereas we the subscribers Heirs and Children of 
Dominicus Jordan late of Falm° Gentle" Dec d viz 1 Dominicus 
Jordan, Nathaniel Jordan & Clem 4 Jordan and Ezekiel Cush- 
ing & Mary his Wife, Rob* Mitchel & Miriam his Wife and 
Joseph Prout & Hannah his wife have this day mutually 
agreed to make a final Settlement and Divition of the Real 
Estate belonging to said Estate in Manner following viz 1, 
Dominicus to have all the land, Marsh & Meadow as 
bequeath'd to him in the last Will & Testam* of his late 
Dec d Father — Nathaniel to have what bequeath'd to him, 
and Clem* what bequeath'd him, Cushing what bequeath'd 



OF THE STATE OF MArNE 67 

him, Mitchel what bequeath'd him and Prout what bequeath'd 
him — 

Dominicus Nath 11 & Clem t to pay unto Cushing in land or 
money what that one hundred & fifty acres of land & build- 
ing except y e barn bequeathd to Prout should would now be 
priz'd & valued more y n what y* is valued w ch is bequeath'd 
to Cushing and they three also to pay Mitchel in land or 
money w* s d one hundred and fifty acres & buildings shall be 
valued except y e barn more y n w 1 is bequeathd to Mitchel/ 
Prout to take possession and injoy y e improvem 1 of said one 
hundred and fifty acres/ Cushing, Mitchel & Prout are 
joyntly & Severally to bind themselves to pay unto M rs 
Joanna Jordan y e full value of w* y e income of said one hun- 
dred and fifty acres & buildings, except y e barn w <h Prout 
alone is to pay to their mother) unto their Mother for and 
during her natural Life, from Year to Year as shall be Sett 
and apprized by Mess" Cxtopher Stout & Jabez Fox Esq" 
& M r Rob 1 Thorndick, who are also to apprize y e value of 
said one hundred & fifty acres land & house, also w l bequeath'd 
in y e Will to Cushing & Mitchel/ and it is further agreed 
that upon such apprizem 1 & settlem 1 each shall have a quit 
claim from y e others of y e Several Tracts respectively belong- 
ing to them and y e will & Codicil then if possible to be taken 
up and destroy'd so that said Estate Shall be settled as above 
mentioned and no otherwise save that all the undivided land 
y l is not above mentioned as w* belongs to us as Heirs of our 
Great Grandfather Rob 1 Jordan dec rt and what also derives 
unto us by our Fathers purchase of y e Heirs of John, Samuel 
and Robert Jordan, Sons of our said late Grand Father ) w ch 
we now agree Shall be divided into Seven parts, Dominicus 
to have two parts, N a one, Clem 1 one, Cushing one, Mitchel 
one & Prout one part — to all above written we hereby bind 
and oblige our Selves our Heirs &c to each other that we wil 
Stand by, fulfil and accomplish all above and agreed to 



68 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

respectively in y e penal sum of one thousand pounds lawful 
money to be paid by him y* Neglects to performe & fulfil his 
or their part to them that shall be agreed & suffer thereby & 
perform their part. 

Witness our hands & Seals this 1 st June 1750 
Mem it is further agreed y* Dominicus, Nath 1 and Clem 1 
are to pay Cushing and Mitchel according to w* their respect- 
ive proportions of & to y e Estate amon ts to. 

Copy — 
" For Col n Ezekiel Cushing Esq r Falmouth " 



Answer. 

In the House of Rep ves June 2 1750 
Read and Ordered that the Pet" with their Families and 
Estates together with all the Lands lying between Kenebunk 
and Mousam Rivers in Wells to the Head of the Township 
of Wells as described in the Vote of the Inhabitants of the 
Town of Wells be and hereby are Sett off a Distinct and 
Seperate Precinct. And that the Inhabitants of said Pre- 
cinct be invested with the same Powers and Priviledges that 
Parishes are by Law invested with, or ought to Enjoy. 

Sent up for concurrence T. Hubbard Spkr 

In Council June 14, 1750 

Read and Concurr'd, J Willard Secry 

Consented to S Phips 



In the House of Rep ves June 8. 1750 
Voted that the first or Lower Parish in Kittery within the 
County of York Be & Hereby is Divided & Erected into two 
Distinct & Seperate Parishes, and that the Dividing Line 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 69 

Between them be as follows viz Begining at a Large Smooth 
Rock Lying in the Middle or Bottom of the Road from York 
to Portsmouth Ferry at High Water Mark By s d Ferry at the 
Westward Corner of s d Rock near s d Ferry House & from 
thence to Run North fifty four Degrees East to York Bounds 
and that all the Lands & Inhabitants Dwelling thereon, Lying 
above or Northward of s d Line be the Middle or third Parish 
in s d Town of Kittery and Be Invested with all the Powers, 
Priveledges & Immunities that the Inhabitants of any of the 
Parishes within this Province by Law are or ought to be 
Invested with - And that all the Lands & Inhabitants Dwell- 
ing thereon, together with all the Islands Lying Below or 
Southward of s d Line Be the first or Lower Parish in s d Town 
of Kittery and Be Invested with all the Powers, Priveledges 
& Immunities that the Inhabitants of any of the Parishes 
within this Province by Law are or Ought to be Invested 
with - On Condition that the Rev d John M r Newmarch their 
Present Pastor Be Supported & Maintained between them 
In proportion to their poles & estates Notwithstanding their 
Being Divided into Distinct & Seperate Parishes as Above 
Said. 

Sent up for concurrence T. Hubbard Spk r 

In Council, June 8 th 1750 Read and Concurr'd 

Sam 1 Holbrook D* Sec y 
Consented to S. Phips 



Message. « June 28, 1750. " 

Gentlemen of the House of Representatives. 

You have made an Establishment for Officers and Soul- 
diers in the Frontiers / & you are under an Agreement with 
the Indians to supply them with Necessaries in a way of 
Trade, but you have not made an Establishment as usual for 



70 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

a Sloop to be employ'd in the Service of the Province, for 
transporting the Stores for the Soldiers & the necessary 
Articles for carrying on the Trade. By the best Information 
I can get, you will really be at less Expence by employing a 
Sloop in the manner you have usually done, than you will be 
in sending your Stores &c a on freight from time to time, But 
if the Expence were something more, the Security against 
Embezzlement & other Damages, will countervail it, but 
what appears to me to be more material is this, I am well 
assurrd, it is a thing very pleasing to the Indians, to have a 
Sloop employ'd in the manner the Sloop Massachusetts has 
been, & that this Intercourse between us & them, has a 
Tendency to cement & strengthen the Friendship between us 
and therefore I recommend it to you to make an Establish- 
ment for such a Sloop as usual. 

S Phips 
Council Chamber June 28. 1750 



Letter, W m SJdrreff to Josiah Willard Esq r 

Annapolis Royal 4 th July 1750 
Sir 

I had the pleasure the 2 d Instant to receive Yours of the 
6 th of May last with y e long wish'd for Certificates therein 
Inclosd, for w ch I know not how to Express for want of 
Words my Gratitude either to Gov 1 Phipps or Yourself for 
so Remarkable a favour, than by thus Acknowledging the 
Receipt thereof and returning my hearty thanks in behalf of 
my Self and Others therein Concerned for the Receipt of the 
Same. 

I have not yet had any Opportunity to prove the Effect 
and I heartily wish the Gentlemen of the Council and those 
who have given the Certificates had been a little more 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 71 

Explicit or at least as much with respect to that Girle taken 
here by a party of Col Gorhams men, as they are to that of 
Cap 1 Sams Daughter, the first being principally insisted on 
and as for want of such an Explanation we cannot possitively 
affirm that She is one of the Three return'd to Your Eastern 
Tribes, which as it may perhaps Cause a further delay, I 
shall Esteem it an Additional favour to be inform'd whether 
she is one of those three thus return'd, or whether she is sent 
to Hallifax ; as Gov r Cornwallis and Cap 1 Gorham has signi- 
fied to me that she should be sent for, and as the Speedy 
Redemption of M r Hamilton and his fellow Sufferers do so 
much depend thereupon, I hope You'l so far in friendship 
Sympathy & Compassion further assist me being with great 
respect 

Sir Your most Obligd humble Servant 

W m Shirreff 
P: S 

Pray my Compliments as Opportunity may Offer to the 
Gov 1 and Gentlemen of the Council for their friendly and 
Humane Resolution. 

Josiah Willard Esq r 



Letter, Sec y Willard to Capt. Tho s Saunders 

Boston July 7, 1750. 
Sir, 

You are hereby directed as soon as the Commissary Gen- 
eral has dispatched you to proceed with the first fair Wind 
in the Sloop Massachusets under y re Command ( taking Cpt 
William Lithgow with you ) to Richmond Fort, & after land- 
ing Cpt Lithgow there go on to the Fort at S l Georges River, 
& upon your Arrival deliver my Letter to Cpt Jabez Brad- 



72 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

bury, & wait there till he shall put on board your Sloop any 
of the Chiefs of the Penobscot Indians to bring them to Bos- 
ton, & upon their Imbarking ( or upon Cpt Bradbury inform- 
ing you that there is none likely to come this Tribe ) return 
back to Richmond Fort & there take on board any Indians 
that Cpt. Lithgow may put on board your Sloop & bring 
them all to Boston or if Cpt. Lithgow shall inform you that 
there is none likely to come at this time, you must Return to 
Boston without them 

By Order of the Hon ble the V Gov r 
Cpt Tho 3 Saunders 



Boston July 26, 1750. 
Sir, 

I have rec d your Letter of the 4 th Instant which I have 
laid before the Lieuten* Govern 1, & Council, who upon fur- 
ther Inquiry about the Lidian Girl you mention have found 
that she is now in Boston with M rs Gorham, & the Council 
have thereupon advised the Lieuten* Govern 1 " to send her to 
Govern 1 Cornwallis which they apprehend most agreeable to 
his Majestys Order referring to Indian Prisoners, she being 
taken as we are informed in the Government of Nova Scotia. 
I herewith inclose you a Copy of his Majestys said order & 
the vote of the Council above refer'd to. The Girl will be 
forthwith sent to Hallifax, Which I thought proper to advise 
you of that so you may make your earliest Applications to 
Govern r Cornwallis for the Relief you want in this unhappy 
Affair 

I am Sir Your very humble Serv* 

J Willard 
William Shirreff Esq r 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 73 

Letter, Lieut. Gov. Phips to Oapt. Jabez Bradbury. 

Boston July 26, 1750 
Sir 

There is a Report here that a Brigantine from France full 
of Passengers ( being Men Women & Children ) & bound to 
Penobscot to make a Settlem 1 there, was seen & the People 
spoken with by one of our Fishermen near the Seal Islands, 
& as it is said they informed the Fishermen that there were 
four more french Transports that came out with them on the 
same Intention : Therefore I desire & direct you forthwith to 
lay out every way you can for the best Intelligence of this 
Affair with all the Circumstances attending it & send it to 
me by the first Opportunity 

Your humble Servant 

S Phips 
Capt. Jabez Bradbury 



Boston July 27, 1750. 
Sir, 

This comes to you at M r8 Gorhams Desire ( Sent to me by 
M r Commissary Wheelwright ) to inform you that upon the 
repeated Applications of M r Sheriff of Annapolis Royal refer- 
ring to an Indian Girl taken Captive by you as well as in 
Pursuance of an Order the Lieut. Gov r has received from his 
Majesty to have all the Indian Prisoners taken in the late 
War belonging to such Tribes as are in Alliance with or pro- 
tected by the Crown of France deliver'd up & exchanged, 
the Lieut. Govern r with the Advice of the Council now sends 
the said Indian Girl to his Excellency Govern r Cornwallis to 
be disposed of as he shall judge proper she having been taken 
within this Governm* I suppose Govern r Cornwallis has the 
same Order from his Majesty ; However the Lieut. Govern 1, 



74 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

sends him a Copy of his. A Copy of the Vote of Council 
above refer'd to is herewith inclosed. 

I am Sir Your very humble Serv 1 

J Willard 
Col John Gorham 



Letter TJio s Fletcher to U Gov. Phips Aug. 2. 1750. 

S r 

Just now we have Information privetly by an Indean 
woman who has Expressed herselfe to Cap 1 Bean with the 
strongest asseverations That there are 60 Indeans from Ken- 
edy at penobscott come with full purpose to take this fort, 
burn and destroy the whole settlem ts on this Rever: Cap* 
Bean told her, the dangerous consequence both to Indians & 
settlers of spreading a false report of this natur but she per- 
sisted in it, and doubted not but in four days they would pay 
us the Intended visit. 

I can* help therefore with the greatest dispatch to Inform 
y r hon r of such a dangerous Cloud as threatens both the 
Inhabitants lives, and this fort so weak and meanly provided 
with men and necessarys agst such sudden unexpected storm 
if this information be true which I submitt to y r Hon rs deeper 
penetration, And shall be ready upon all occasions to shew 
how sincerely I am 

Y r Ho rs Most dutifull Humble Ser 1 

Thomas Fletcher 
S 4 Georges Agust 2 1750 



S e Georges Fort Augst The 3 1750 
To Cap 1 Thomas henderson Sir I Receved Yours and am 
oblidged To You I shall Use all posable Endevrs for Entell- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 75 

engence and Shall Let You Know If I Find Any Thing To 
Depend on : And I Shall Take it as a faiovr That You Would 
Let me Know if You find aney Thing more as I am Directed 
by the Govrnor if possable To Know The Sartingty of The 
Matter and Send to Boston : no more S r 

I am Your most homble Sarvent 

Tho 8 Fletcher 
P 8 S r I Shold Think it Best not To Let The Indians 
Know aney Thing of the matter at present I have a Prtic- 
lour Frind among Them That I Think I can know Som Thing 
of the Mater When I See him and I Expect I Shall See him 
This Day or To morrow and You Shall Emeadatly know if I 
find out aney Thing. 

[ Superscribed ] 
To Cap 1 Tho 9 henderson at Plesent Poynt 
These — 



Letter, Tho s Fletcher to L l Gov. Phips 

S l Georges Fort August y e 20 th 1750. 
Sir 

According to Your Commands of July y e 26 th I used all 
Dillegance and Expadition for Intellegance of That Freinch 
Ship. Accordingly Dispatched a man to the Mouth of pen- 
obscot River, Who Could See nor hear Aney Thing of that 
Ship: Nither Could hear aney Such Thing from the Indens. 
But Since that I talked with y e Skipper of a fishing Schouner 
Who Informed me that he had been on board a freinch Brig 
off the fox Isleands with about thirty men bound as they told 
him up the bay of fundy Supos'd to be a traiding Vessel 



76 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

this is all the information That I Could get Which Now I 
transmit to your honour and am Sir 

Your honours Most Deutifull & Hum 1 Servant 

Thomas Fletcher 
[ Superscribed ] 
To The Hon Spencer Phips Esq r at Boston 
g Cap* Sanders 



Instructions. 

To Cap* Thomas Sanders Coniander of the Sloop 
Massachusetts in the pay & Service of this Govern- 
ment 

You are hereby directed to enlist with all possible speed 
so many Men as with the Number you now have on board 
shall make your Compliment to be Twenty including Officers. 

You are likewise to take on board so many of the Guns 
which were put on Shoar from the Boston Pacquet & are 
now under the Care of Jn° Wheelwright Esq. as shall make 
with those you have on board Ten Carriage Guns & also 
Ammunition & Warlike Stores proportionable. 

And being thus fitted you are immediately to fall below 
the Castle & to attend upon the R l Hon 1 the Lord Colville 
in his Majestys Ship Success, a Cruize which he is about to 
make at the Instance of the L l Gov 1 & Council in order to 
prevent any Attempts that may be made by the French to 
take possession of any Part of the Sea Coasts of this 
Province or to carry on any Trade contrary to the Treatys 
between the Crowns of England & France & also to protect 
any part of our Settlements that may be annoyd by or in 
danger of Enemys ~ And you are to follow all such Directions 
as may be given you from time to time by his Lordship for 
for each & any of the Provinces aforesaid 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 77 

If upon your Arrival at S* Georges River you shall find 
that any Hostilitys have been committed there & that an 
Additional Number of Men is necessary for the Service you 
may enlist any of the Inhabitants or other persons who shall 
be paid in proportion to the Time they are in the Service. 
Given &c Aug* 21, 1750. 



Letter to Lord Colvill bound to the E l ward Aug st 29, 1750. 

My Lord 

I have received Intelligence divers ways of French 
Vessels having been seen on the Coast of New England in 
the Eastern part of this Province and I am very apprehen- 
sive that they are endeavouring to bring forward a Settle- 
ment within the Country of the Penobscot Indians or else in 
or near the Bay of Funcly that so they may have a Sea Post 
or Outlet from Canada in those Seasons of the Year when 
the River S* Lawrence is innavigable. I am of Opinion & I 
doubt not your Lordship will concur with me that all Possi- 
ble Measures should immediately be taken to Prevent the 
Execution of any Scheme of this Nature and as his Majestys 
Ship under your Coiiiand is stationd here for the Protection 
of his Majestys subjects and Territory's I think she cannot 
be better employd than in a Cruize along the Sea Coast 
examining every Port or Harbour between the River S 1 
Georges & the Province of Nova Scotia & I think it will be 
for his Majestys Service that any French who may be 
endeavouring to settle should be remov'd & that any French 
Vessels or Effects which may be found on the Seas near 
those Coasts should be taken into your Possession & carryd 
into some of his Majestys Governments as it must be pre- 
sura'd they are either designed to bring forward a Settlement 
or carry on an illicit Trade in those Parts. 



78 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

To facilitate this Design I shall order the Sloop Massa- 
chusetts in the Service of this Province to attend your 
Lordship & to be under your Direction & Command & she 
may be sent into any River Port or Harbour from time to 
time on Discovery or any other Service you may think 
proper when and where it may not be safe or convenient for 
his Majestyes ship to be employd A skilful Pilot shall like- 
wise be Provided who is well acquainted with the several 
Harbours on the Coast 

1 must further acquaint your Lordship that I have reason 
to suspect that the French are endeavouring to instigate the 
Indians to attack & annoy the Frontiers of this Province & 
particularly the Fort & settlements on S l Georges River 

If upon your Arrival at the Mouth of S 1 Georges River 
you should have any Intelligence that the Fort or Inhabit- 
ants there are distress'd by the Enemy I doubt not you will 
employ his Majesties Ship & likewise the Sloop Massachusets 
in the best manner in order to give relief & as the Circum- 
stances of the Case may require 

His Majestys Council of this Province concur with me in 
Opinion upon the several Matters before mentiond & join 
with me in wishing your Lordship Success 

I am Your L d ships most Obed* Servant 
Aug st 29, 1750 [S. Phips] 

To the R 1 Hon 1 Lord Colvill Comander of 
his Majestys Ship Success 

Poor state of Fort Greorge in Brunswick. Sept. 3, 1750. 

A Mem° of the Poor State of Fort George In Brunswick. 

4 Great Guns with 4 Carrages, Rotten & the Platform so, 
that they are in Danger of fall 8 thro, every time, they are 
fired, only w th powder — 

2 swivel Guns, what they Stand on, is Rotten. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 79 

The hinges of y e Cellar Door broke & the Doors with y e 
Steps Rotten, which Obliges us to Keep all y e Stores, in a 
Warehouse, On y e outside of y e Fort w ch is not so Convenient, 
or Safe as if they were Kept within the Walls of s' 1 Fort. 

The General Court, hath been pleased to Reduce s rt Fort 
to 4 Men, what Defence Can be Expected from them, In Case 
of an Attack from y e Enemy ? I fear but little, & y l they 
will be soon Obliged to give them Selves up to y e Cruel 
Mercys of their Enemies, which will be both hard & Dis- 
honourable. 

The Chimneys of y c house are like to fall & y e Windows 
are smal & broken, being in Lead, every time the Guns are 
fired, they are broke, more, or less, which makes me think y l 
sash lights will be best, & Cheapest, in y e end. 

That the afores d State of the Fort, may be taken under due 
Consideration is y e hearty prayer of 

Y r Most Obe 1 humble Ser 1 

Boston Sep r 3 d 1750. J° Oulton 

To the Hon ble Spen r Phips Esq r Lieu 1 Gov r &c. 



Letter, W" 1 Phips to Lieut. Gov. Phips. 

Fort Frederick Sept r 7 th 1750 
Hon" S r / 

This Waits on you with Duty, And serves To Inclose An 
Express I rec d this Morning from S* Georges, Which shews 
y e Eminent Danger these parts are Exposed to ; And We 
May reasonably Expect to Bear A part With our Neighbours 
Notwithstanding We are so poorly provided with Necessarys 
to Withstand y e Insults of y e Enimie haveing little Bett r then 
half a barrell of powder and About thirty w* of Ball, Not 
One flint Nor Candle Nor Any Necessarys Except Bread & 
pork — Therefore I Beg your favour to take Care that We 



80 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

may have a supply of Amunition, flints, Candles Box of 
Medicines, 1 Barrell of Pitch to Mend y e Boats or Any other 
Warlike stores Convenient for A Garrison in our Condition 
& likewise more Men if possiable. 

Duty Love & Service to All 

W m Phips 



To Cap. Lithgow 

Having receivd Advice that a considerable Number of 
Indians are upon our Frontier in Arms & there being great 
reason to suspect their bad Intentions You are to keep the 
strictest Watch that may be and for the strengthening the 
Garrison under your Command I have the Advice of his 
Majestys Council for your Enlisting Ten Men more for one 
Month which I hereby direct you to do w th all possible Speed 
and the Commissary Gen 1 will furnish you with necessary 
provision Ammunition & Warlike Stores. Be careful to give 
constant Advice to me of every Thing material that may 
occur relating to the Indians & let me know forthw th the 
Condition of your Forts & Garrison. 

I am Your Assured Friend 
[S Phips] 

( this Advised to be sent to Lithgow — Bean & — Phips) 
( to Bradbury at Georges only with this Alteration ) 
I receivd your Letter of the 5. Ins 1 & approve of what you 
have done in giving Advice to the other parts of the Frontiers. 



Letter, Capt. J. Bradbury to the Commanding Officer at 
Pemaquid. Sept. 7, 1750. 

Sir this Day I am Informed that Seventey Indians ar gon 
from penapscot in order to fall on y e people at Sheepsgut ; I 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 81 

think it absolutly nessesary that you Inform them of thier 
Danger as soon as posible they tell me y* the people on this 
Side Damarscotey are Safe & that none will hurt them, the 
above mentioned Indians ar from Canady, the ponapscots are 
Still Disirous of Living peasably with us and have wrote 
accordingly to the Governer 

I am Sir your Humble Servt 
September 7 1750 J : Bradbury 

to the Comanding Officer at Pemaquid 



Boston Sep r 10, 1750 
Sir, 

I rec d your Letter of the 5 th Inst 4 & approve of what you 
have done in giving Advice to the other Parts of the Fron- 
tiers ; You are to keep the strictest Watch that may be ; and 
for the strengths the Garrison under y r Comm' 1 I have the 
Advice of his Maj ty8 Council for your enlisting ten Men more 
for one Month, w ch I hereby direct you to do w th all possible 
Speed And the Comm y Gen 1 will furnish you with necessary 
Provisions, Ammunition & warlike Stores And by the s d 
Councils Advice I further direct you to endeavour as soon as 
possible to influence the End 8 of the Arresaguntacook Tribes 
to send two or three of their Delegates to Bost in order to a 
Conference for preserv g Peace & Friendship w th them, But if 
you have no Opport y to see any of these Ind 8 you are to 
employ some of the Penobscots in a Mess a to them on that 
Subject. Be careful to give constant Advice to me of every 
thing material y* may occur relating to the Ind s , & let me 
know forthw th the Condit" of your Fort & Garrison 

I am Your assured Friend 
C l Jabez Bradbury [ S. Phips ] 



82 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter, Sam 1 Denny to Lt. Gov. Phips 

Georgetown Sept. 10. 1750 

May it please your honour this corns to inform your honour 
that on the 8 Instant in the morning a number of indians 
came upon the hows of cap* Wheton att Swan Hand and cap- 
tivated 5 men 2 woomen and seven children and after plun- 
dring the hous proseded to richman and burnt the dweling 
hous and 2 stacks of hay belonging to y e widdow waymouth 
then proseded to the garason and fout it sum time and Killed 
a considerable number of cattel and we make no doubt but 
the setelments at and nere wiscasick was attacked yesterday by 
the numbers of guns hard by sum here in the morning untill 
the wind shifted that might hinder the Reports reching us. 

We are attempting to rais and fit out sum men to go in qust 
of the Enemy or the relief of any that may be in distress 
intend to set out this night I supposeing what we Know to be 
done by them to be a suffisiant warant for such a proseding. 

I propose to make one amongst them May God plese to ad 
to our numbers by his presents with and blesing upon this I 
hop lawful and lawdable undertaking, honored sir I ned not 
inform you of the distresing condition that we are under on 
this sudin rupture we are naked and bare therefore hop your 
honour and the government will take our pitiable case into 
your wise and compationate consideration and grant us such 
Relief consarning the premises as our perplexed surcom- 
stanses call for this being Just a hint of the case in grate 
hast beg leve to subscribe my self your honours 

Dutiful sart 

Samuel Denny 

p s I had like to have forgot to inform you that the 
above Wheton and wife Escaped the Enimy by taking up a 
bord of the flore in the rom where they ware in bed and git- 
ting into the siller and there hiding themselves amongst som 
casks untill the Enemy went of and they then went to rich- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 83 

man fort and there inform of the prosedings of the Enemy 
that they saw and hard and amongst the rest report that they 
hard on of their daughters requst of the Enemy for leve to 
go into the hous and get a botel of milck for hir pore infant 
about 7 months old which had ben wened 3 month by reson 
of the pore state of helth of its mother which was granted 

S D 
To his honour the Left, governour 

[ Superscribed ] 
On His majestys sarvis 
To The Honourable Spenser Phips Esq r Lef 1 governour &c 
att Boston 

Letter to Col. Israel Williams 

Boston 10 Sep r 1750 
Sir 

I have certain Advice from the Eastern parts of the Prov- 
ince that Eighty Indians from the Borders of Canada have 
been at Penobscot endeavouring to instigate that Tribe to 
join with them in an Attack of our Settlements. The Penob- 
scots have been at Georges to give Information hereof and 
they write to me that they have endeavourd to diss wade 
them from it but all they could obtain from them was that 
they would not fall on any place Eastward of Damariscotty 
And they were gone out before the 5 Inst. I am apt to 
think these are the Indians you had advice were gone out 
from Canada. However as we know they are abroad upon 
no good Design we ought to be upon our Guard on every 
part of our Frontier though I think the Eastern part of it 
most in Danger. 

I am Your Assured Friend 
[S Phips] 
Col Israel Williams 



84 DOCUMENT AKY HISTORY 

Letter, IS Gov. Phips to Hon. Jer a Moulton 

Boston 10 th Sep r 1750 
Sir 

I have certain Advice from y e East" Parts of the Prov s 
That eighty Ind 8 from y e Borders of Canada have been at 
Penobscot, endeavouring to instigate that Tribe to join with 
them in an Attack of our Settlem ts The Penobscots have 
been in to Georges to give Information hereof ; & they write 
to me That they have endeavoured to disswade them from it, 
but all they could obtain from them was, That they would 
not fall on any Place Eastw d of Damariscotty ; And they 
were gone out before the 5 th Inst*. I am apt to think these 
are y e Indians, y* Col Israel William sometime ago 
advised me were gone out from Canada: However as we 
know they are abroad upon no good Design, We ought to be 
upon our Guard on every Part of our Frontier, though I 
think y e East" Part of it most in Danger — 

I am Sir, Y r assured Friend & hum : Servant 

[S Phips] 
The hon Dle Jer a Moulton Esq r 



Letter, J° Oulton to L l Gov. Phips 

Fort George in Brunswick Sep r 11 th 1750 
Sir 

Last night I got to the fort, & found some of y e Inhab- 
itance glad to Come in & Cover them selves from y e Indians, 
who hath fired at Richmond Fort, for 2 or 3 days last past, 
kild many of y e Cattle, & taken 11 or 12 people off Swan 
Island How soon it may be our turn, God only Knows, for 
We are in a poor state of Defence, as I informed y r Honour, 
in a few lines, w cb I gave to you, when I last waited on y r 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 85 

Honour, in the Townhouse. Since my Return here, I find 
more things needfull, than I thought of at y l time, by the 
peoples being in Want of Powder & Ball, & praying for a 
Supply from me, tho : I tell them I am short in Both them 
Necessary Articles, they Insist on my giveing a part, w ch 
makes me beg y r Hon r will do all you Can to forward as soon 
as its possible. 

Cap 1 John Gatchell & Eben r Standwood, Liev* Came here 
last night & encouraged some Men to go after y e Indians w th 
them, towards Richmond, but some of them was discouraged 
by James Dunnings talk, & by his Brother, Cap 1 David Dun- 
nings not appearing at all, this last Man, I think, should have 
been y c first, to Encourage others, & to give life to Such a 
proceed g against our Enemies, who are keeping this Town, & 
Topsham, in an Alarm, every hour, almost. So y l we are in 
a Deplorable State, its now ab l Eleven in y e Morning & a fire 
made ab* a Mile distance, by our Enemies & seting a stack 
of _ on fire, & Kiling Our Cattle In y e mids of this trouble I 
am told Cap 1 Woodside discourag' 1 M r Mugrage of North 
Yarmouth from going Against y e Indians this puts me in 
mind of y* Saying, A house divided Ag 8t it self Cannot Stand. 
On y e other hand, I think by y e Blessing of God & our Reso- 
lutions, to help each other, this is y e best time to joyne 
against our Enemy & to Over Come them while they are in 
a Body, at some Certain place, For if they have time to dis- 
perss, they are hard to be found, & then, its not in our power 
to make y l Spite on them, as when they are in a Body, & we 
Can Surprise them w th y e Greater N° w ch is y e best opgtunity 
we Can expect to Overtake them & to gain an advantage 
upon them. 

I am Concerned to see, & to hear, Such a division, in y e 
peoples actions & thoughts, w ch gives our Enemies y e Advan- 
tage, & puts it y e more in their power to kill, or take, every 
Single Family, this misfortune, by unity, might be avoided. 



86 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

If y e General Court, & y r honour give me power, to enter 
any Number of Men, in the Service, I think, this time, will 
give me an opportunity to get Volunteers, w ch are much bet- 
ter than any Imprest men, & to be Obtained at y e less Charges. 
If your honour is pleased, to grant y e favour I asked it will 
greatly Oblige 

Hon™ 6 Sir Y r Most Obed* humb: Ser* 

Jn° Oulton 
To the Hon ble Spen r Phips Esq r 
Liu 1 Gov r &c 



Letter, Lt. Gov. Phips to Capt. W m Lithgow 

Boston 12. Sep. 1750 
Sir 

I received your Letter of the 7 th Inst. Your Advices 
agree with the Intelligence I had before from S l Georges and 
I approve of what you have done in giving notice to the 
Inhabitants to be upon their Guard. 

I have directed the Officers of the Militia that in case of 
any gross Hostilitys being committed by these Indians that a 
sufficient Number of Men should forthwith be rais'd to relieve 
the Inhabitants & intercept the Enemy. If it should so hap- 
pen you must endeavour notw Ul standing to keep the Nor- 
ridgewocks in Peace w th us & inform them that what has 
been done was for our own preservation & defence. 

If the Aresaguntacooks should continue upon the Fron- 
tiers until you receive this & you can have any communica- 
tion w th them either immediately or by means of the Noridge- 
wock Tribe you must endeavour to prevail on them to send 
two or three Delegates to Boston in order to a Conference 
here and I recommend to you all other necessary measures 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 87 

for preserving peace that may consist w th y e Honour of the 
Governm* 

I am Your assured Friend 

S Phips 
Cap. W 1 " Lithgow 



Bost 12Sep r 1750 
S r 

Upon receiv g a L r from C l W m Lithgow dated the 7 th Ins 1 
confirm 6 the Advice lately rec d fr. you I have given Orders 
to the Officers of the Mil* that in Case of any gross Hostili- 
ties being comm' 1 by these Ind s y* a suffi 1 Number of Men sh d 
forthw th be raised to releive the Inhab* 8 & intercept y e Enemy. 
If it should so happen, you must endeavour notwith stand 8 
to keep the Penobscots in Peace w th us, & inform them, that 
what has been done was for our Preserv" & Defence — 
I am Sir Your assured Friend 

S Phips 
Cpt. Jab. Bradbury 



Letter, Selectmen $• ah, of North Yarmouth to Lt. Gov. Phips, 
Sept. 12, 1750. 

To the Honerable Spencer Phipps Esq r Commander in Cheif 
( for the time being of the Province of the Massachusetts 
Bay 
S r 

We think it our Duty to Inform Your Hon r of the Dis- 
tressed Naked State of our Town being fronteir to and 
Greatly exposed to the Indian enemy and having had very 
latley certain Intelligence from his Majestyes fort at Rich- 
mond of a Great Number of Indians captivateing fourteen 



88 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Men on Swan Island near Said fort and Attacking said fort 
Which being but about a Days travel to our town we have 
Reason to fear a most fatal Stroke from that barbarous enemy, 
we being but very few men in Number and not able to defend 
our Selves, and obliged to Screen our selves as well as we 
can in Garrisons and leave our Substance in the out parts of 
our town to be destroyed and we must beseech your Hon 1 to 
take a paternal Care of us in this our Distressed State we 
are your Honn rs most obedient Servants 
North Yarmouth GilbertWinslow f Selectmen 

Septem r 12 th 1750 : Andrew Gray {of s d Town 

Cornelius Soul Cap 1 
Jacob Mitchel Left 
Edward King / Insign 

[ Superscribed ] 

To the Hon 1 Spencer Phipps Esq r Commander in Cheif 

of the Province of the Massachusetts Bay 



Letter, IS Grov. Phips to Col. Ezek 1 Gushing. 

Boston 14 Sep r 1750 
Sir 

By a Letter from Major Freeman of the 11 th Inst. I have 
Advice of Hostilitys committed by the Indians against y e Fort 
at Richmond & in several places adjacent. I hope as soon as 
my last Orders came to you ( if not before ) that you causd a 
Body of the Militia to be raisd & sent forth to intercept the 
Indians who have done the spoil. If it should not have been 
done I think it will still be necessary altho you should pre- 
sume the Indians may be returnd to their own Country ; and 
it is my Directions that immediately upon the receipt of this 
you cause an alarm in the Towns of Falm° & Scarboro & One 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 89 

hundred Men of your Regiment to march under the Com- 
mand of an able & discreet Officer to scour the Woods above 
Saco Truck House & from thence to S* Georges Fort that if 
possible some of the Indians who have annoy'd us may be 
intercepted & taken prisoners if may be or otherwise destroyd. 
This appears to me & to his Majestys Council to be neces- 
sary for the safety of the Inhabitants & preventing there 
removal from their Settlements but at the same time I would 
have the greatest Caution possible us'd that the Tribes of 
Penobscot & Norridgewock may be distinguishd & not annoy d 
since the Intelligence given by both those Tribes of the designs 
of the Arresaguntacooks against us renders it probable that 
they are desirous of remaining in peace with us Much will 
depend on the prudence of the chief Officer in restraining his 
Men from suddenly firing on any scattering Indian or Indians 
that may be met with and endeavouring if possible to take 
any other prisoners which likewise may prove the means of 
redeeming our own people. 

You may inform such of the Militia as you shall send out 
that when the General Court meets I will recommend their 
asking an allowance in proportion to their Service. 
I am Your Assured Friend & Serv* 

S Phips 
Col Ezek 1 Cushing 



Letter, Tho s Chute to Major Freeman 

New Marblehead Septem 21 st 1750 
Major Freeman Sir 

This comes to Inform you that this morning about nine 

oClock, M r Webb & his Son Seth was mak g a Fence in his 

Field by his house, & have g left an Axe a few Rodds out of 

the Field in the woods ; the s d Webb sent his son alone to 



90 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

fetch it and bave g recover'd s d Axe & returning with it to 
his Father ; before he gott into the Feild, y e Indians Fierd 
two Guns at him, and his Father & M r Bodge heard him 
Scream out for help ; and Immediately y e Indians yel'd out ; 
& in a few Minuets about Eight or Ten Men Isued out of 
the Garrison and went after them, But could not find the 
Indians nor y e Young Man, But found his Axe, and where 
y e Indians fierd on him, and we have yett about Fourteen 
Men after them, we have heard Since the young Man was 
Carried of near Twenty Guns which we Suppose y e Indians 
is Fireing at our Cattle, for Severall of them is Come In as 
if they were very much Fright d , So I thought it my Duty to 
lett you know what Loss we have mett with ; that we might 
have Some Care taken of us ; if you look on us as Kings 
Subjects ; for every man does what is right in his own 
Eyes. 

From your Hum bl Servant 

Thomas Chute 

Letter, Col. Ez l Gushing to L 1 Gov. Phips 

Falmouth Sept r 22 d 1750 
May it Please Your Honour, 

The foregoing is Copy of what came to Maj r Freeman last 
Night, and I have just now heard that they i e y e Indians are 
killing Cattle at Brunswick ; I have prosecuted the Orders I 
lately rec d from your Honour and in a few Hours Expect the 
Scout to march on y e back of our Frontiers ; and as there is 
a Number of People at y e above Place of New Marblehead, 
without any Officer, wou'd recommend it to your Honour 
that the above Thomas Chute have such a Commission sent 
him as may be proper to keep the People their in good Order 
& Discipline. 

This I thought proper to Acquaint Your Honour with, & 
hope our men will be Soon reliev'd by others from y e 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 91 

Westward, as Our Towns are left too Naked and Expos'd 
upon so many men being drawn out of them — 

I am Your Honours Most Obed* hum 1 Ser 1 

Eze Gushing 
[ Superscribed ] 
On his Majesty's Service 
To The Honourable Spencer Phips Esq r Lieu 1 Govern 1 " 
& Commander in Chiefe in & Over his Majesty's Province 
of the Massachusets Bay in New England 
Cambridge 
g Cap 1 John Cook 



Lieut G-ov r ' s Speech. Sept. 26, 1750. 

" Gentlemen of the Council & House of Representatives, 
I was in hopes at the last rising of the Court that I 
should not have been Obliged to Call you together again 
until you could have Attended the Publick Business with 
less Inconvenience to your private Affairs than I am sensible, 
you can at present : But the Advices which I have received 
from the Eastward of Hostilitys Committed by a Body of 
Indians, supposed to be part of those Settled near the 
Borders of Canada in captivating Several of our Inhabitants 
and Attacking his Majesty's Fort at Richmond renders it 
Necessary for you to Meet at this Time ; and I recommend 
the Consideration of this Affair & what relates to it to your 
first & Chief Attention " 

» S Phips " 
"Council Chamber September y e 26 1750. 

In the House of Repres™ 8 Sept r 27. 1750 

Ordered that M r Speaker, Judge Russell Col Clap, Cap n 
Bragdon & Cpt Williams with such as the Hon ble Board 
shall Join be a Committee to take the first Paragraph of his 



92 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Honour's Speech of the 26 th Instant under Consideration, & 

report what they Judge proper to be done thereon. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

T Hubbard Spk r 

In Council Sept r 27. 1750, Read & Concur'd & Jacob 
Wendell, Jeremiah Moulton, Joseph Wilder & Thomas 
Hutchinson Esq 18 are joined in the Affair. 

Sam Holbrook D ty Secry 

Petition of Inhabitants on the Frontiers. Sept. 26, 1750. 

To his Honour Spencer Phips Esq : Lieutenant Governor 
& Commander in Cheif in and over his Majesties Prov- 
ince of Massachusetts Bay and to the Honourable Coun- 
cill and House of Representatives in General Court 
assembled 

We the Subscribers for ourselves & in behalf of the Rest 
of the Inhabitants on the Frontiers in the Eastern Parts — 

Humbly Show 

The poor distressed Condition that our part of the Country 
is in at present for we have had Seventeen People carried 
away Captive by the Indians, two wounded & another mor- 
tally wounded which we suppose to be dead before this Time, 
One Garryson & likewise severall Houses & Hay in the 
Marshes burned & other Houses Rifled, Great Number of 
Cattle & Hogs killed, which has put our People in so much 
Fear that we cannot go from one Garrisson to another with- 
out going by night, neither are we able with safety to gather 
in our Crops & if we lose our Crops we cannot live there 
this Winter for want of Support for our Families and as we 
are so naked no Vessels will come to carry us away, if we 
are obliged to come off 

We therefore hope that your Honours will be pleased to 
take our poor distressed State into your wise Consideration 



OF TELE STATE OF MAINE 93 

& in your great Wisdom send us such a Supply of Men as 
may cover our said Frontiers so that we may with safety 
gather in our Crops & Pick up what of our Cattle the Indians 
have left in the Woods & we your Petitioners as in duty 
bound shall ever pray 
Boston Sept: 26: 1750 

James McCobb Alexr Nikels 
David Duning Ebenezer Standwood 

Samuel Kennedy John Gachell 
James Campbell Joseph Orr 

Georgetown Sep* 27 1750 
To His Honour the Lef 1 governour may it pleas your 
Honour persuant to a warrant from the lef 1 cor 1 of this Regi- 
ment we have raised 14 men and delivered them as pr order 
to go with others as a scout but think it our duty to inform 
your honour of the presant surcomstanses of this town the 
Enemy is becum so bould that they are Entred into the very 
bowels of this setelment on the 25 Instant in the night they 
beset a house within call of the garason of samuell Denny 
there being only one man in it who defended himself until 
they brok in upon him then he got out at a back window and 
fled but was so closly pesued that he was obliged to take the 
river to swim to arrowsick Hand ( he being on parkers Hand ) 
but 3 of the Enemy persued him in a float and on coming up 
with him he took hold of the float and overset them and then 
swam on and made his Escape they set fire to the hous he 
was in and burnt a hovel with a stack of hay we hope by 
bloud and other concuring surcomstances that he killed one 
of the Enemy this of the cominge of the Enemy amongst us 
have put the Inhabitants into such fare that althow their 
crops are perishing they dare not take care of them so that 
unless spedily relieved the indian corn harvist must and will 
be lorst — This Therefore waits on your Honour to pray 



94 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

that you would be pleased to take our presant distressed sur- 
comstanses into your compationate consideration and grant 
us such Relief consarning the premises as the nature of our 
present surcomstanses call for — 

pleas your Honouer the gentelmen the comition offisers 
that ware to have signed to the above bein Just now out of 
the way and the vesel Just going to Sail I can only say that 
what is above Inserted are sartin facts and beg leve to sub- 
scribe myself your Honours dutiful sar* 

Samuell Denny 

[ Superscribed ] 

On His majesty sarvis 

To His Honour Spenser Phips Esq r Lef* governour &c 

att boston 

Report. 

The Committee appointed to take under Consideration the 
first Paragraph of his Honours Speech & to make Report 
having attended the Service are humbly of Opinion 

A Dele That it is necessary an Act should pass this 
Court for the removal of the two persons now confined in 
his Majestys Gaol in the County of York for the supposed 
Murder of the Indian at Wiscasset in order to a speedy & 
impartial Trial in some other County in the Province 

That a Letter be prepared before the Rising of the Court 
& a proper person sent to the Governor of Canada informing 
him of the Hostilitys committed by the Indians who live 
near the Borders & are in Alliance w th the French and 
demanding the Release of the Captives agreeable to the 
Treaty between the two Crowns. 

A Dele That his Honour the Lieutenant Governor be 
desired to renew his Orders to the Commanding Officers at 
S 1 Georges & Richmond to propose to the Penobscots & 
Norridgewocks a general Conference with their Tribes in the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 95 

Eastern parts of the Province the next Summer & that the 
S 1 Francois & Wowerrock Indians be included in it provided 
that they cease from all Hostility s against our Frontiers in 
the mean time, and that the said Officers be ordered likewise 
to endeavour that some of the Aresaguntacooks may come in 
as soon as may be in order to treat for the Return of the 
Captives lately taken from us. 

That Pay & subsistence agreeable to the past Establish- 
ment for marching Forces be granted & allowd to the hun- 
dred men rais'd by L l Col Gushing & that his Honour be 
desired to give Orders that said One hundred Men be 
employe! for the protection of the Inhabitants in the most 
exposed places in getting in their Harvest & that said Pay & 
subsistence continue until the 20 th day of October next & no 
longer. 

That like pay & Subsistence be allowed to ten men until 
the 20 th of October to be posted at Phillips Town for the 
protection of the Inhabitants there. 

Jacob Wendell by order 

In Council; Sept. 28. 1750 Read & Sent down. 
In the House of Rep ves Sep 1 28. 1750 

Read and Accepted with the Amend 1118 Viz Dele at A. 

Sent up for concurrence 

T Hubbard Spk r 

In Council Octob r 3. 1750, Read & Concur'd, and Thomas 

Hutchinson Esq r with such as the House of Represent™ 

shall join be a Committee to prepare the Draught of a Letter 

to the Govern 1 of Canada accordingly 

Sent down for Concurrence 

J Willard Secry 

In the House of Rep ves Oct r 4. 1750 

Read & Concur'd and M r Gray and Tho s Foster Esq 1 
are Joyned in the Affair. 

T. Hubbard Spk r 



96 DOCUMENT ABY HISTOEY 

Orders, L* Gov. Phips to L l Col. Cushing 

Boston 29 th Septem r 1750 
Sir, 

The General Court have Voted Pay and Subsistence for 
One hundred & fifty Men for the Defence of Eastern Fron- 
tiers including the One hundred Men, which I gave you my 
Orders to raise, & which you inform me, were ready to march 
the 22 d Instant. Fifty Men I have given Orders to Col 
Moulton to raise in the Western parts of the County, & 
to post them between Saco & Kennebeck Rivers. The whole 
I put under your Direction. You are to cause them to con- 
tinue in Service until the first day of November, & then to 
dismiss them, unless you shall hereafter receive Orders from 
me to the Contrary. And you are to Cause the said Men to 
be posted between Casco Bay & S* Georges River including 
the Settlem ts there, & must distribute them for the Protection 
of the most exposed Places, while the Inhabitants are getting 
in their Harvest. You must cause fifty Men to be posted to 
the Eastward of Damarascotty, Ten of them at the Mills at 
Madamock, the remaining Forty to cover the Inhabitants, 
while getting in their Crops & preparing their Habitations 
against the Winter. You must also cause ten Men to be 
posted at Phillips Town. 

I shall send you blank Commissions for the Officers of y e8 
two Companies which you take out of the Places where the 
Men are raised not doubting they will be filled, with able & 
discreet men who will oblige the Soldiers diligently & faith- 
fully to attend their Duty. If you have Occasion for a Sur- 
geon M r Joseph Wise of Falmouth is recommended to me as 
a proper Person & I desire he may be employed. 

If you find it most for the Service to dismiss any Number of 
the Men now raised ; You are hereby directed & impowered 
to enlist or impress other Men in their room ; But must take 
Care that none be dismissed till others come to relieve them. 
Lieut* Colonel Cushing S Phips 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 97 

Letter, IS Gov. Phips to Col. Cushing 

Sir, 

Having been applied to by M r Apthorp that I would 
appoint a Guard for protecting the Mast Men in your Parts 
in drawing the Kings Masts to the Water & being Advised 
by Gentlemen acquainted with the Situation of the Settle- 
ments on your Front 18 that the Matter may be effected with- 
out the least Prejudice to the general Design of raising the 
150 men under your Direction viz. the Covering of the 
Inhab ts in getting in their Harvest. 

My Order to you is that if it appears to you that the Ser- 
vice may be done without the lest Interfering with the gen- 
eral Design of raising this Force as above mentioned that 
then you detach a Number of Men not exceeding fifteen 
under a proper O fricer to guard the said Mast Men ; for a 
reasonable time within the Term of the Continuance of their 
Pay & Subsistence. But if any Prejudice to the General 
Service will ensue upon your appointing this Guard you are 
not to do it. 



" MestP from the Hon hlc Board Oct. 1. 1760. " 

In Council Octob r 1. 1750 

Ordered that the following Message be sent down to the 
Hon ble House of Represent™ 8 Viz 

Whereas the two Houses on Friday last pass'd a Vote for 
raising 150 Men for the Protection of the Eastern Frontiers ; 
& on the Day following the House being again possessed of 
the said Vote ( by Means only of a Message from his Honour 
the Lieut. Govern 1 " proposing an Amendm* thereon) pass'd 
a Vote for reconsidering the said Vote of both Houses & 
inserted it on the same Paper ; 

The Board apprehend that this Proceeding of the House is 



98 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

irregular & very different from the usual Practice of the 
Court, so that they cannot with any Propriety pass on the s d 
Vote, And therefore desire that the Hon ble House would 
reconsider their Vote of Saturday last, and so proceed on the 
Affair as that the Intention of the Court for the Relief of the 
Frontiers may be put in Execution as soon as may he 

J Willard Secry 



To the Hon ble Spencer Phips Esq r Lieu 1 Governer &c 
the Honb le Councill and Honb le House of Represent- 
atives 

The Humble peticion of the Setlers and Inhabitants of the 
uper part of St. Georges River Humbly Sheweth 

That we your Petioners by the late wars being forced 
from our Settlements and Deprived of the fruit of our toyl 
and Leabours (with Joy and gladness of heart Imbreased 
the peace Concluded by your Honers with the Indians ) 
according to which articles we have behaved our Selves 
Inafencively as good Subjects and friends to the Indians 
themselves being Judges ) But Innocence being no Protec- 
tion against Indians Resentment which Rarely or never 
Destinguishes Betwixt the Innocent and guilty ) this late 
unhapy Irupsion has Cast your Petion 8 into the utmost 
Distress and Confusion which must terminate in your petion 8 
temperall Ruin without the Speedy succour and Relief of 
your Hon r at the Head of so many Zealous patriots In Both 
Houses — 

The Blockhouse Being our only Safe Retreat in Danger 
thither we fled with our familys which house not being Able 
to Contain ( Had not Cap* Bradbury of his usall Goodness 
and simpathy Receiv'd So many into the fort that his own 
apartment is Crowded ) nor we to mentain such Anumber 
No less than 171 Souls while Deprived of the fruits of our 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 99 

Leabour and Benifit of our Cattle not Daring to Dig or Raise 
our Roots or milk our Cows to Comfort our Crying Children 
and if not soon Relieved must Leave our houses Leabours 
and Promising Stock to the number of above 400 head of 
Cattle ) to be Lodges fuel and food for our Enemys ) which 
Discoragements are forcing Severall of our nubers to think of 
transporting themselves Elsewhere to unEable Long to 
support themselves and their familys ( and so of Consiquence 
the Blockhouse by the Care of the Government Last war 
mentain'd against, the Enemy must soon fall a sacrifise to 
their present Rage and Revenge ) 

This May it pleas your Honers is our present Case which 
we Humbly Submit to your wisdom and Deliberation the 
only Sours from whence under God, we Expect Relief and 
Remidy ) of those our presing Evells ( and Shall Carefuly 
observe such orders and Directions as your Honers Shall see 
fit to transmitt to us and If Encoraged we will venture our 
Lives In the Comon Cause Reather than Desart the Intrust 
of our Contry and prospect of so promising A Settlement — 

50 we hope the premises Duely Considered will move pity 
and procure sum Speedy Relief and your Honers Subscrib- 
ing petion 8 as In Duty Bound will for Ever pray &c — 

5 1 Georges October 3 d 1750. 

Rob* Ruth r ford Tho Kilpatrick Samell Bouges 

Benj a Burton finla Kelloch John Bouges 

Rob 1 M c Intyer John Kelloch Sam 11 Bouges Juner 

Samuel Howard David Kelloch Lawrance Parsons 

Alex dr Lermond Daniell Kedney Moses Robinson Juni r 

Ale x Campbell John Brown John Melill 

Boyce Cooper Benjemin Thompson John Catherwood 

Tho 8 Palmer John M c Intyer Rob 1 Catherwood 

William James Thomas Greagg John M c Carter 

William James Jun r Joseph Rives Danell farell 

John Young Robert Speer John Scanlin 



100 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Joseph Robinson 
Moses Robinson 
Haunce Robinson 
John Robinson 
John Sleater 
William M c Clyr 
Yar. Lewis 



Thom 8 Holdin 
John mec Cordy 
Hugh Scott 
Abraham All 
John S 

David Patteson 
Samuel Creighton 
Thomas Long 



Jacob Hiler 
Tho 8 Neal 
Dinis Conly 
Daniel Lewis 
Tho s Mecordy 
William Patteson 
William Smith 
J. Bradbury 



Petition of S. Whittemore <f Israel Averell 

To the Honourable Spencer Phips Esq r Lieutenant 
Governour and Commander in Cheif in and Over his 
Majesty's Province of the Massachusetts Bay The 
Honourable his Majesty's Council and House of 
Representatives in General Court Assembled at Bos- 
ton this fifth day of October 1T50. 
Samuel Whittemore of Cambridge in said province Gent 
and Israel Averil of Sheepscut in said Province Yeoman for 
and on behalf of themselves and other the proprietors and 
Inhabitants of the west side of Sheepscut River in the 
County of York 
Humbly Shew 

That they have just now been Informed that there is filed 
in your Honourable Court a petition or Memorial of One 
Alexander Nichols and other Inhabitants of the east side of 
Sheepscut River aforesaid praying for certain reasons therein 
mentioned that they may be incorporated into Town Order ; 
the granting of which petition Your Memorialists Conceive 
will be very prejudicial And thereupon Humbly Pray Your 
Honour and Honours that before any proceedings are had 
thereon they may be Admitted to Shew Cause in your 
Honourable Court why the prayer thereof should not be 
granted and as in Duty bound shall Ever pray &c 

Sam 1 Whittemore Israel Averell 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 101 

Letter, W m Litligow to IS Gov. Pliipa Oct. 6, 1750. 

May it pleas your Hon 1 / 

two of y e Narrigewack Tribe Came here this Day, who 
Inform* 1 me, y e Canada Indians ware Return'd from our 
frountiers, and that we might Now Safely venture out about 
our Respective Busniss again, I asked them if we might Rely 
on thare Information, and tould them that if our people 
Should venture abroad as In peaseble Times, that y e Canada 
Indians might thereby Take y e advantage of us by killing or 
Captivating of us, which would turn y e Gourments Resent- 
ment aginst them, for their false Inteligence, upon which thay 
Inform' 1 me that y e Gratest part of y e s d Canadiens had with 
Drawn from hence about a fortnight ago, and that y e others 
also Set of for Canada 4 Days Sence, and s d if here after, 
there should be any mischeif Dun at y e Westward it was 
unknown to them, and tould me If thay Should Com this fall 
or y e Next Spring to Do mischeif thay would hi y e Like 
manner, Give us Notice, I asked them Conserning y e Cap- 
tives that was Carried away thay tould me that thay Saw 
them all at Narrigewack, and those Indians had not kill d any 
of them, but Carried them Directly to Canada, I asked what 
thay would Do with them, thay tould me thay belived thay 
would Give them to y e French, I asked them Several Ques- 
tions Conserning y e Canada Indians, as whather thay would 
or would not, Com against us in y e Next Spring, or whether 
thay thought thay would be peaseble for the Time to Com, 
thare answar, was thay Could not tell, thay then asked me, 
if I had any News, I then Red to them your Hon" Letters or 
more properly those parts of y r Letters which gave them y e 
most assurence of y e Governments Good Inclination Still to 
maintain a Strict friendship betwen y e Narrigewacks and y e 
penobscott Tribes and us So Long as thay Should be found 
to be in our Intrest. thay then asked me if thay might be 
safe to Come and Trade here as usuil. I tould them I 



102 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

beleved thay might be Safe, agreable to y e Governours Letter 
I had Just Red them, thay asked if I expected any more 
News this Fall, I toul_ them I Did, and that thay Should 
from time to Time Notise ( here ) of y e Goverments Good 
Inclinations, towards them, & y e penobscotts, thay then tould 
me that if y e Trad was Continuied here that thay Should 
always Com here as usuiel. 

this being y e present acCurrent with all Due Regards I 
Humbly Begg Leave to Subscribe my Selfe your Hon" most 
Dutifull Humble Serv 1 to Command 

Will m Lithgow 
To the Hon ble Spencer Phips Esq r 
Richmond Fort October y e 6 th 1750 

P. S y e Indians haveing Kill d one of y e Country oxen I 
want another to Suply his place other wise I know not how 
we Shall furnish our Selves with wood In y e Winter 

W L 

our Number being now 24 men, with humble Submission, 
I would ask whether or no it might not be for our Safety, to 
Continue y e above s d Number till Such Time as we Can 
Depend on a Settled peace, for if those Indians Should prove 
treacherous and those other Indians Com and Joyn them, 
towards y e Spring, thay might Easely Surprise us if we trade 
with them, here being sum times thribble our Number within 
the fort, which Cant be avoided, In those Cases. 

[ Superscribed ] 

On His Majesty's Service 
To the Hon ble Spencer Phips Esq r Liv 1 Governour and Com- 
mander In Cheif In and over His Majesty's Provience 
of y e Massachusetts Bay In New England 
to be forwarded g Major Denny at Arowsick 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 103 

« His Hon™ Message Oct. 9, 1750. " 

Gentlemen of the House of Represent™ 8 

You are sensible that I have given Orders to the Com- 
manding Officers at S l Georges & Richmond, to endeavour 
that some Delegates from the Indians may be sent up to 
Boston, in order to an Accomodation of the present Differ- 
ences between this Province and them. 

If any should come up it will be necessary some Provision 
should be made for the Expence that may attend the Affair, 
since no Treaty or Conference can at any time be had with 
that People but some Present must be made them : I there- 
fore recommend to you to consider what may be necessary 
to be done by you in relation hereto. 

October 9. 1750 

S Phips 

In the House of Rep ve8 Oct r 11. 1750 

Voted that if a Conference be had with any of the Eastern 
Indians in the Recess of the Court That His Hon r the Lieu* 
Gov r be desired with the Advice of the Council to make 
them ( If they Judge Convenient ) suitable Presents not 
exceeding the Value of one hundred pounds. 

Sent up for concurrence 

T Hubbard Spk r 

In Council, Oct. 11. 1750 Read & Concurred 

J Willard Secry 
Consented to S Phips 

Letter, S r W m Pepperrell to Hon. Josiah Willard. 

Hon r,le Sir 

On the ninth instant I arrived here, being fifty Seven days 
from London You have had later advice by Cap* Phillips, 
who I understand is arrived with you. 



104 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Sir Peter Warren has Sent under my Care by the Vessel I 
eame in, two large black Stallions ( as he said ) to mend the 
Breed of the Country. 

I understand by him, that it was Part of the Money he 
drew out, with M r Agent Bollan, as Commissions for receiv- 
ing the money due for the Cape Breton Expedition, which 
he offered to make a Present to y e Province. He told me 
he should be glad if the Government would make a Present 
of the Remainder of y e Commission, to encourage y e Protes- 
tant School in Ireland. 

Sir Peter proposed that these Horses should be sent into 
Several parts of this Province and that every one who brought 
a Mare should pay so much as would Satisfie for looking 
after the Horse. 

I think one third Part of the Forces that went on y e Expe- 
dition to Louisbourg were enlisted from y e County of York. 
I should be glad if one of the Stallions might be ordered 
there for some Time. 

My Compliments to His Honour the Lieu 1 Governor, The 
Hon ble Council & the Hon ble House of Representatives. 
Their Commands will be Obey'd by theirs and 

Sir Your Most Obedient Humble Servant 

W m Pepperrell 
Kittery Octob r 9 th 1750 
The Hon ble Josiah Willard Esq r 



Letter, Jabez Bradbury to L l Gov. Phips 

S 4 Georges, October 10 th 1750 
May it Please your Honour 

Yesterday Came in here two of the Penobscots and this 
Day Came Squadook, they tell me the Indians that Took the 
People at Swan Island and other Parts, are gon of Satisfied, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 105 

haveing ( as they Say Paid themselves for the Mischief done 
them at Wiscaset, and will hurt us no more, the Prisners are 
all well on their way to Cannada being met by Som of the 
Penobscots on their Return from thence. 

I Communicated that Part of your Honours Letter Relat- 
ing to the Arsaguntacooks waiting on Your Honour at Bos- 
ton in answer to which Leive said had they bin Sent to 
Sooner it might have Prevented the Late Mischief, and Aded 
that an interview with the Arsaguntacooks woowenoks and 
others might Set all Right againe. 

the Inhabitants in this River are many of them Returning 
to their houses, Relying on the Repeated Declarations of the 
Indians to me, that they Shall be Safe there. 

the Ten men inlisted by your Honours directions to me 
(being inhabitants Expect to be dismist when the month 
Ends that they may then Return to their Plantations. 

I am your Honours Most obedient Humble Serv 1 

Jabez Bradbury 



Letter, Sec ry Willard to Phinehas Stevens. 

Sir, 

The General Court having desired his Honour the Lieut. 
Gov r to send a Lett 1 by Express to the Govern 1 of Canada to 
demand the Restoration of the English Prisoners lately taken 
in the Eastern Parts with other Matters of Importance, His 
Hon r & the Council desire you to proceed to Canada on this 
Affair as soon as possible & depend upon it that you will set 
out without delay lest the Season for passing by Water sh d 
be lost. You have herewith enclosed the Lieuten 1 Govern" 
Letter to the Gov r of Canada w th y re Passport; And the 
Bearer of this will deliver you X25 lawful Money in Dollars 
W cb is advanced towards the defraying your Charges & the 



106 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Charges of such Person as you shall engage to accompany 
you in this Business which you are allowed to do. You 
must stay in Canada till the Govern 1, give you Dispatch with 
a Passport for y re Safeguard in your return home. 

You have herewith enclosed a Copy of the Lieut. Gov" 
Letter to the Gov r of Canada ; W ch may be of Service in y re 
transact the Affairs & you must not by any means let it be 
known that you have such Copy. 

When the Money above mentioned is delivered you, you 
must give the Bearer two Receipts of the same Tenor & Date 
One for his own Security & the other for mine. 



Letter, SecV Willard to Capt. Phin s Stevens Oct. 15, 1750 

Sir, 

For your Information referring to the Prisoners taken 
lately by the Indians in our Eastern Parts, I am to acquaint 
you That five Men two Women & seven Children were taken 
at Swan Island on Kennebeck River the Name of the Man 
whose Family was taken is Whitten the Man him self & his 
Wife escaped ; The Indians also took two men from Sheeps- 
cot, viz. William Ross & his Son & one Young Man on the 
Back of Casco Bay, whose Name is Webb. 

I am directed by the Council further to instruct you that 
you must use your Endeavours that the Charge of the Pris- 
on" should be born by the Governor of Canada ; But if you 
cannot effect that, You Must supply your self with Necessa- 
ries for their Journey in as frugal a Manner as may be, upon 
the Credit of this Governm* 

Your humble Servant 
Boston Octob r 15, 1750. J Willard 

To Cp l Phineas Stevens 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 107 

Letter, Sec r v Willard to Gov. W m Shirley 1750 

Sir 

I have rec d two Letters from your Excy Dated the 16 th & 
26 th of October last. In the first you are pleased to propose 
my supplying you with a Number of Dollars out of the pub- 
lick Moneys sent hither from G l Britain to reimburse this 
Province their Charge in reducing Cape Breton, & for my 
taking your Bills in Exchange for it : I should have been 
glad it were in my Power to assist y re Excy in any proper 
way under y re Difficulties; But the State of the Case (of 
which I suppose you are not acquainted with ) is this ; By 
Act of the Assembly this Money was directed into the Hands 
of the Province Treasurer, & was accordingly consigned to 
him from Great Britain ; And it was apprehended by the 
Council to be so entirely under his Care & Custody till the 
General Court should give further Order about it that they 
did not think it proper to direct it to be lodged in any other 
Place than the Treasurers house tho they judged that not to 
be the safest Place. The Matter being thus Circumstanced 
Your Excellency will excuse me that I did not think it proper 
for me to interpose in this Affair. But I am glad to under- 
stand that your Excy is otherwise well supplied. 

As to the two French Men mentioned in your other Letter, 
after their Examination before me & the Council, they pro- 
fess'd themselves to be Protestants & that their Design was 
to settle in this Province & that they were ready to take the 
Oaths of Fidelity to his Majesty ; And thereupon, I got the 
French Minister in this Town to examine them touching their 
Religion which he had done, & has returned a Certificate 
that he verily believes them to be true Protes 18 

The Treaty between Commissioners for this Governm 1 & 
the Eastern Indians is now concluded, Wherein they have 
made their Submission to his Majesty as in former Treaties ; 



108 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

And I herewith inclose three printed Copies of the s d Treaty 
to your Excy. 

The Officer sent by Govern 1 Shirley to Canada to demand 
the English Captives is not yet returned, so that I cann't 
expect him till the Lakes be so frozen as to make it safe 
passing on the Ice. When he returns or any Advices shall 
arrive referring to the Effect of his Negotion I shall inform 
y r Excy thereof. 

Letter, Sec ry Willard to S r W" 1 Pepperrell 

Boston Octo r 19. 1750 
bir, 

I have had the Hon r to receive your Lett 1 by the last Post ; 
which I sh d have acknowledged before now ; but I could not 
find any Opportunity to lay it before the Lieut. Govern 1 & 
Council till this Day. After I had read it, & that Matter 
contained in the Letter was discoursed of, I desired their 
Orders respecting an Answer But as the Affair has a more 
immediate Relation to the Gen 1 Court & their Session not 
being at a great Distance, the Board declined acting upon it. 
I heartily congratulate My Lady Pepperil & you upon your 
safe Arrival & hope to have the Pleasure of seeing you in 
Town the next Month : With mine and my Wifes humble 
Service to your good Lady I am 

Sir Your most obed* Humble Serv 1 
Sir W m Pepperrell 

Letter, Phinehas Stevens to L l Orov. Phips 

N° 4 y e 23 d Oct r 1750 
May it please your Hon 1 

I Rec d your Hon rs Letter to the Governer of Canada y e 
22 d Instant & at the Same time I Rec d your Hon 18 passport 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 109 

and Instructions from the Secretary whereby I find that I 
am appointed to proceed with the Same Directly to Canada. 

I am Dispos d to go as Soon as possible but winter being so 
Near & the Affair so Unexpected It will Require sum time to 
prepare My Self for such a fateagueing Journey, and having 
a Direct Oppertunity by Liev* Isaac Parker I thought it 
might not be Amiss (while I am a fixing my Self) to Let 
your Hon r know my Disposition, and as the Season is so far 
Advanc d that the bennefit of going by water will be very 
Uncertain & if it fails there will be no Crossing the Lake till 
the Latter end of Jan y for the French have told me that they 
Dont Look upon it Safe Crossing Upon the Ice till that time 
I thought I would venter to beg Leave to propose to your 
Hon r whether it Might not Answer all Intents & purposes as 
well to Defer the Matter till that time when the Journey 
may Undoubtedly be perform' 1 with Less Charge and more 
Safty for then I Can proceed Directly to Canada and Return 
as Soon as I git my Dispach but If I go now the Season of 
the year will oblige me to Stay a Long time in their Country 
which will be very Disagreeable to the French. 

I should be very willing If it might Answer as well not to 
set out till y e begining of Feb 7 if not I will proceed and do 
the best I Can. 

I Remain your Hon 18 Obedient Serv* 

Phinehas Stevens 



Certificate " New Town granted at the head of the Town of 
Berwick. " Dec. 13, 1750. 

This May Certifie the Great and General Court that Pur- 
suant to their Vote pass'd in General Court in their Sessions 
in May Last past Relating to the Settlement of the New 



110 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Towns in the Province for Thirty Years last past and therein 
Ordered the Clerks of the Several Towns Lodge in the 
Secretaris Office attested Copies of Such Grants with an 
Accompt of the Names of the Persons who have and who 
have not fullfild the Conditions of the Same these are to 
Certifie the General Court that the New Town Granted at 
the head of the Town of Berwick within the County of York 
there is settled fourteen Famalej's namely ( Nathan Lord 
Josiah Chandler Ebenezar Moulton Tobias Leighton Ichabod 
Goodwin Caleb Blodget John Lord Christpor Bradberry 
Richard Cutt Jun r James Frost Joseph Sayward Barsam 
Allien Elisha Hill Samuel Came Esq r and many more of the 
Proprietors have Cleard their Lands and Built their Houses 
thereon and Settling Very fast and have ben at Vast Charge 
in Clearing Ways and Building Bridges in Said Town and 
in getting of Meeting House Timber to Build a Meeting 
House which was Burnt with fire and the Proprietors are 
about building another and as it is well known to the Great 
and General Court Warrs and Roumers of Warrs has much 
hendred and Backwarded the Settlements of the New Towns 
Granted by General Court Sum years past which has Greatly 
hendred the Settlement of the Town at the head of Berwick 
it lyeing much Exposed and in the Rainge of the Indian 
Enemy but if it Should plese God that Peace Should Con- 
tinue, the above said Town will be soon settled notwithstand- 
ing it has meet with such Disepointments and the said 
Proprietors Humbley pray the Great and Generals Courts 
favour for time past they not Complying in full with the 
Conditions of the Gener 118 Courts Grant herewith Committed 
this in Behalf of the Proprietos of the above said Town and 
Remain the Great and General Courts 
Duitefull and Humble Servant 

Berwick 13 th Decemb r 1750 



y 126 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 111 

Province Massachusetts for Goods bought & Consign'd y e 
several Truckmasters 

1749 Dr. 

July 4 th To Prov n Bills p d for Blankets ") 

& Shirts gave 6 of y e Penob- 

scott & 3 of y e Narrigawalk 

Tribes 
To Ditto p d for sundrys Cons d 

Bradbury 21 0? 9 

To Ditto p d for sundrys Cons d 

Lithgow 1273 2 1 

7 To Ditto p d Rob 1 Hill for 20 

Baggs for Use of y e Indian 

Trade S 20/ 20 

p d D° for Carting J 

300 bushells Corn [ 15 

S 12 d ) 

p d Lane for measur g 

D° 3 2 d 2 10 

p d Sam 1 Bridgham"^ 

105 yards Cloth 9 f 39 7 6 

7/6 for sacks •* 

p d Jn° Bulfinch for \ 

making 12 Feather ) " 

Sacks g Note 



86 1 6 



Septem r 27 To D° paid Box & Austin for 

Coil of Spunyarn for Packing 8 18 7 

Beaver 
October 27 To D° paid for Sundrys con- 
sign'd Bradbury 2602 7 5 
To D° paid for Sundrys Con- 
sign'd Lithgow 2543 6 11 
To D° p d W m Bowdoin 1 Scale 
Beam 6 7 6 



112 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



1749 

July 4 th 



October 27 

Novem r 2 
January 29 
March 20 
21 



o 



P? 



o 1 «d 



^p d Jn° Daken for 
Adjusting D° 2 

p d Joseph Scott for 

weights 11 12 6 

p d Increase Blake 

for fitting D° 7 16 6 



GO 
<T> 



p d Jn° Durant 
Cleansing Hatchets 1 10 
p d Jn° Popkins D° 

Traps &c 9 13 

p d Tho s Hubbard 
Esq r 2 brass Cocks 3 6 



42 5 6 



£8789 2~~9 



Carried Over 

By Province Bills rec d of Treas- 
urer g Warrant for Presents 
made 9 Indians 
By Jabez Bradbury g Invoice 
By William Lithgow g d° 
By William Lithgow g d° 
By Jabez Bradbury g d° 
By William Lithgow g d° 
By Jabez Bradbury g d° 
By Jonathan Bean g d° 
By Prov n Bills red of Ja 8 Lamb 
for 7 1-2 oz Goldthread & 
twist return'd from Indian 
Trade a 3 .. 10 / g oz 



Cr. 



126 



2245 


14 9 


1378 


12 8 


2757 


14 2 


2725 


2 10 


244 


16 


1781 


2 


746 


13 10 



26 5 



April 11 


By William Lithgow g Invoice 2121 8 2 




By Jabez Bradbury g d° 2911 2 4 




£17064 11 9 




Carried Over 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 113 

1749 Dr. 

To sum Brought Over 8789 2 9 

Octob r 27 th To Prov n Bills p cl for sund? 8 

Cons' 1 Lithgow 216 13 

Decem r 31 To D° p d for sundrys consign'd 

Bradbury 633 8 

Janu* 29 To D° p d Rob 1 Hill for 10 Baggs 

for Use of Truckhouses §) 25/ 12 10 
Feb ry 19 To D° p d for sundrys Consign'd 

Bean 677 16 10 

1750 To D° p d for sundrys Consign'd 

April 6 Lithgow 1897 9 6 

To D° for sundrys Consign'd 
Bradbury 2569 8 8 

11 To D° p d Rob* Hill for 

Carting Corn 27 16 8 

p d Jn° Bulfinch for 
mak« Sacks 9 10 

p' 1 Tho R Hubbard 
for sundrys g N 1 5 

42 6 8 

To Jabez Bradbury for 12 Sword 

Blades return'd §) 25/ 15 

25 To Pro Bills p d for sundrys Con- 

sign'd Bean 159 15 8 

26 To D° paid for Sundrys Con- 

sign'd D° 144 9 6 

May 15 To D° paid for Sundrys Con- 

sign'd Bradb>- 2934 14 10 

To D° paid for sundrys Con- 
sign'd Lithgow 2760 4 7 

To W m Lithgow for 80 Strings 

Wampum & 7 Beaver Traps 118 10 
returned 



114 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



18 



31 



1750 
April 25 
26 
May 18 



To Pro Bills p d Isaac 
Gridley for Spunyarn 
for Packing Beaver 9 12 6 
p d Treat for 1 Forge 
Vice 12 

p d R Hill for Cart- 
ing Com 7 10 



29 2 6 



To Ditto paid Jn° Wheelwright 
for hire of Stores for Indian 
Trade 



1200 



22200 4 6 
To Stock for Ball a Carry'd there 1449 10 8 



By Sum Brought Over 
By Jonathan Bean g Invoice 
By Jonathan Bean g D° 
By William Lithgow g D° 
By Jabez Bradbury g D° 



£23649 15 


2 


Cr. 




17064 11 


9 


167 10 




143 17 


6 


3093 11 


11 


3180 4 




23649 15 


2 



Peltry received from the Several Truckmasters 
1749 Dr. 

October 7 th To W m Lithgow for sundry 

Furrs p Inv° 391 11 6 

To Jabez Bradbury for D° g 

Invoice 585 10 6 

December 4 To Jabez Bradbuiy for D° g 

Invoice 1387 11 

To W m Lithgow for D° g Invoice 1099 6 9 

£3463 19 9 
Carried Over 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



115 



1749 

October 13 



By Province Bills rec d Downe 
Baxter & Grant 66 2 1 Feathers 

a io/6 

rec of Stinpson for 15 otters 
§) £3 45 

16 D° S 37/ 29 12 



Cr. 



347 11 





5 D° Damag'd 20/ 




5 




3 Minks d° a 10/ 


1 


10 




5 Martins a 20/ 


5 






2 Mid* Bears 28/ 


2 


16 




4 D° a 25/ 


5 






rec d of Calef for 7 








Siel Skins a 2/6 




17 6 




2 Ditto a 10/ 


1 






1-2 Moose 


1 


4 6 




1 Bear damag'd 
rec d of Sundry per- 




8 










sons viz 








262 Spring Beaver 








a 45/ 


589 


10 




25 Fall Ditto a 30/ 


37 


10 




20 Stage Ditto a 20/ 


20 






40 Musquash 3 4/ 


8 






1 Rackoon 


12 




25 


By Prov n Bills rec d 
of Sundry Per- 
sons viz* 

17 Spring Beaver 








a 45/ 


38 


5 




24 Fall Ditto a 30/ 


36 






202 1-2 Stage a 20 


202 


10 


Decem r 12 


By Pro Bills rec d 







93 18 



3 10 



655 12 



116 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



of Sundry per- 
sons viz* 

284 1 Feathers §11 0/6 149 2 

717 1-2 fall Beaver 

§130/ 1076 5 

1 Moose 3 

21 Stage Beaver S 
20/ 21 

440 Musquash §14/ 88 

6 Rackoons, ordi- 
nary §19/ 2 14 

12 1-2 Spring Beaver 

§) 45/ 28 2 



6 1368 3 6 











£2745 9 


6 




Carried Over 






Dr. 




1749 


To sum Brought Over 






3463 19 


9 


March 20 


To Jabez Bradbury for 


Sundry 








Furs g Invoice 






2414 12 

£5878 12 


6 
3 




Carried Over 






Cr. 




1749 


By Sum brought over 






1745 9 


6 


De€em r 12 th 


By Pro. Bills of Wendel Downe 








Simpson & Co. 












40 Otters Si 65/ 


130 










40 D° a 52/ 


104 










33 D° §1 37/ 


61 


1 








20 Martins §1 20/ 


20 










6 Ditto §1 16/ 


4 


16 








10 Foxes §1 27/ 


13 


10 








2 Fishers §1 60/ 


6 










44 Minks §1 14/6 


31 


18 







OF THB STATE OF MAINE 



117 



January 29' 



March 23 d 



1750 
April 3 



rec d of sundry 



17 Ditto a 8 
By Pro Bills 

Persons 
4161-2 lbs Fall Beaver S 

30/ 624 15 

576 1 D° ordinary a 22/6 648 
94 1 Stage a 20/ 94 

273 D° ordinary S 15/ 204 
20 Ordinary Musquash 

ai8 d 

4 D° Fishers S 30/ 



6 16 378 1 



By Pro Bills rec d of sun- 
dry Persons 
861 1 Feathers a 12/ 516 12 

150 Spring Beaver a 45/ 337 10 
165 1 Fall D° a 30/ 247 10 

5 Rackoons 3 12/ 3 

45 Musquash 3 4/ 9 

60 Ottors a 65/ 195 
16 Red Foxes a 27/ 21 12 
1 Black ditto 2 
82 Minks a 14/6 59 9 
1 Fisher 3 
1 Catt 1 10 
By Province Bills rec d 

of sundry Persons 
613 1-2 U Spring Beaver 

45/ 1380 7 6 

396 Fall D° a 30/ 594 

6 1 Stage D° a 20/ _6 1980 7 6 

Carried Over 8079 1 



1396 3 



1750 



To Sum brought Over 



Dr. 

5878 12 



118 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

May 6 To Jabez Bradbury for sund y 

Furrs g Inv° 1812 6 

To W m Lithgow for sundry 

Furrs g d° 2791 2 6 









10481 15 


3 


31 


To Stock for Ballance Carr'd there 


3468 10 


3 








13950 5 


6 








Cr. 




1750 


By sum brought over 




8079 1 




May 12 th 


By Pro Bills, rec d of 

sundry Persons 
712 1 Feathers 9 12/ 427 
1062 1 Spring Beaver a 

45/ 1389 


4 
19 








41 1-2 Fall ditto a 30/ 62 


5 


2878 19 




15 


By Ditto, received for 









19 



320 Spring Beaver a 45/ 720 
16 Rackoons §) 15/ 12 

56 Musquash §14/ 11 4 743 4 



By Province Bills of 




sundry Persons Viz 1 




256 1 Spring Beaver S 




45/ 


576 


22 1 Fall d° a 30/ 


33 


12 Rackoons a 15/ 


9 


44 Musquash a 4/ 


8 16 


By D° of Wendel, Downe, 


Simpson & Gushing 




220 Martins a 20/ 


220 


10 D° ordinary a 12/ 


6 


16 Red Foxes a 27/ 


21 12 


4 D° ordinary a 15/ 


3 


4 D° Grizzle a 55/ 


11 



626 16 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



119 



6 




47 


12 


22 


16 


1 


5 


100 


15 




15 


2 


14 


27 




6 


15 



23 



4 D° ordinary §1 30/ 
68 Minks S 14/ 
48 D° ordinary §1 9/6 

5 D° hurt S 5/ 
31 Ottors a 65/ 

1 D° tainted 

2 Catts §1 27/ 
9 Fishers 51 60/ 

3 Bears §1 45/ 
By Pro Bills rec d of sun- 
dry Persons Viz 1 

446 1-2 Spring Beav r S 

45/ 1004 12 

42 1 ditto ordinary 

S 30/ 63 

22 Fall Beaver a 30/ 33 
38 D° ordinary a 20/ 38 
3 Rackoons 8 15/ 2 5 

21 Musquash a 4/ 4 4 



477 4 



1145 1 6 



£13950 5 6 
Stock for a Trade with the Indians 
1746 Dr. 

To Joseph Kellogg for his Acco 1 
of Treating Indians & c allow'd 
him g order of His Excell y & 
Council— 78 18 1 

To John Dennis for allowance 
made him g Petition to y e Gener 1 
Assembly 94 

To Jn° Oulton for sundry Indian 
Debts, Pawns, & other Articles 
Return'd 269 4 9 

To Josiah Willard for what ad- 
vanc'd in Exch a , between small 



June 10 th 



Septem r 11 



1747 
July 31 

Febra* 23 



120 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 





arms, Patarraroes & swivels g 








memorial 


56 




1748 


To John Noyes for what allowed 






June 8 


him g Petition to y e General 








Assembly 


116 13 


10 


Jami* 20 th 


To Ditto for a Loss sustain'd on 
Blankets, being Rat eaten, and 








Leakage of Mint water 


16 8 








631 4 


8 


1750 


To New Acco 1 for Ballance fur- 






May 31 


ther to Accompt for 21041 19 


7 




£21674 4 


3 


Boston May 


31 st 1750 






Errors 


Excepted g J° Wheelwright 





1746 
May 28 th 



1747 
Novem r 28 

1749 
May 9 th 

July 4 



Octob r 27 



1750 
April 6 
May 31 



By old Accompt for Ball a ren- 
dered the General Assembly 
this day 

By Pro Bills rec d of J. Bradbury 
for 3 Wolf Traps §) 50/ 

By Scarlet Broad Cloth sold 
belonging to y e Trade being 
part of what returned 

By Province Bills rec d of Treas- 
urer g Warrant for Carrying 
on y e Trade 

By Sundrys return'dfrom Truck- 
houses at leasing of y e Trade, 
& sent y e several Truckm rs 
upon opening y e same 

By sundrys return'd from D° and 
sent as above 

By Pro Massachusetts for Bal- 



Cr. 



13324 6 4 



7 10 



9 12 



3000 



240 



174 15 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 121 

lance of that acco 1 
gain'd 1449 10 8 

By Peltry for Bal- 
lance of that ace 1 

gain'd 3468 10 3 4918 11 

Septem r 21, 1750. £21674 4 3 

Examined the within Acco 1 and the Ballance due from Jn° 
Wheelwright, the Officer, for managing, the Indian Trade, 
which he, is further to Accompt for, is Twenty One thousand, 
& forty two Pounds 19/7 a Old Tenor 

£21042 19 7 T. Hubbard g Order 



Letter, Joseph da badis de S l Castin to Lieut. Gov. PJiips 
Jan'J 1750 

Monsieur [ Jai 1 honeur de vous ecrire ] de vous 
assurer que ie nes pa peu an pechi les Sauuage de S 4 
fransoi E de be quan cour qui ont fait Cou sur vous ce lotone 
ges fait mon possible pour leur an pecher a ves nossauvage 
de panavauke ges fau an pechi e coutes a cosse que ga ves 
point prit des arme de contre vous autre las derniere gaire ni 
les autre gaire ie suit bien es vous faire scavoire que ie pran- 
dre poin_ des arme de contre vous autre Sy vous a ves gaire 
a ves les Sauuage E fransoix cy vous vous les ma, Corder las 
de mende que ie vous fait de vous soire bien me les ces libre 
dan che moy e mem de vous soire bien me donner un Sauve 
garde Sin nes de toute vostre conseille a fin que ie puit Etre 
sur ie puit vous assurres que ges fait mon possible pour 
meinteiner las pai antre nous je signis a ves du respec 

Je suit Vostre e tres humble e tres aub6yssanc Serviteur 
Joseph da badis de S l Castin 
Jy ioscer de vous de mendere credit a vos messieux ce qu 
fournis au fore S l gor un petibattimen de 15 ou 16 tonnot e 



122 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

a ves une petit Cargaisson pour ce pren tant pour aller char 
chere du Castor e dautre peltri du Cottes de leste au tre 
mendis a los riviere S l Jean pour vostre gauve ne men * Si 
vous vous les ma Corder cette demende Je vous prit de vous 
soire bien me randre reponce au f ranees vous aubligeres vostre 
Serviteur. 



" Committee on S l Casteens Letter" 

In the House of Rep vea Jan? 24, 1750 
Ordered that Judge Russell Cap 1 Shirtleff and Cap* Bragdon 
with such as the Hon ble Board shall Joyn be a Comm ee to 
take the Letters of S 4 Casteen, Sebooset and Kehoret Louis 
son under Consideration and Report what they Judge proper 
for this Court to do thereon. 

Sent up for concurrence. T. Hubbard Sp kr 

In Council, Jan. 24 ; Read & Concur'd ; And John Wheel- 
wright & Thomas Hutchinson Esq rs are joined in the Affair. 

J Willard Secry 



Report of Committee. 

The Committee appointed to take under Consideration the 
Letters of Casteen, Sebouset &c a having attended the Service, 
are humbly of Opinion, That it may be convenient for his 
Honour the Lieutenant Governour by a Letter to Casteen to 
invite him to Boston and to assure him of Protection & Safety 
on his Passage from Penobscot to Boston, &untill his Return 
to Penobscot, & that his Honour with the Advice of the 
Council endeavour to engage him in the Interest of the 

* These five words, meaning for your government, are omitted in the 
translation. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 123 

English, by such ways & means as may consist with the 
Honour of the Government, but not to comply with his Pro- 
posal of furnishing a Vessel & Goods without the Consent of 
the whole Court — The Committee are further of Opinion, 
That there be allowed to Louis's Son Four Pounds to be 
taken out of the Truck Trade, as a Token of the Esteem of 
the Governm* not only for his own Declaration of Friend- 
ship, but the many Instances of his Fathers good Affection 
to us. All which is humbly submitted 

J° Wheelwright g order 

In Council Jan y 25, 1750. Read and Sent down 

In the House of Rep ves Jan? 30, 1750. Read and Ordered 
that this Report be Accepted. 

Sent up for concurrence T. Hubbard Spk r 

In Council Jan y 30, 1750 Read and Concur'd 

J Willard Secry 
Consented to S Phi [is 

Letter, Joseph da badis de S l Castin to L l Gov. Phips 
" Jany 25, 1750/51 " 

[ Translation ] 
I do my self the Honour to write to you to assure you that 
I could not hinder the Indians of the S* Francois & Becan- 
cour who made a descent upon you this Fall. I did all I 
could to hinder them with our Indians of Panavauke. I 
would have hindred them from doing you Mischief. I was 
not heard, because I had not taken up Arms against you in 
the last War, nor in former Wars, I am glad to assure you 
that I will not take up Arms against you, if you have a War 
with the Indians and French If you will please to grant me 
what I ask that you will please to leave me at Liberty where 
I am and likewise to give me a Protection sign'd by all your 



124 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Council that I may be secure. I can assure you I have done 
all in my Power to maintain the Peace between us. 

I conclude with Respect, I am your most humble, and 
most obedient Servant 

Joseph da badis de S l Castin 

If I might be so bold I would desire to be trusted by the 
Gentlemen who supply fort S* George, with a small Vessel of 
15 or 16 Tons and a small Cargo this Spring to go a trading 
for Beaver & other Furs along the eastern Coast, otherwise to 
the River S 1 John. If you will grant me this Request. I beg 
you would send me an Answer in French. You will oblige 
your Ser* &c 



Gentlemen of the Council & House of Represent ves 

Agreable to your desire, I sent his Excellency Governour 
Cornwallis a Copy of the Declaration of Elisha Davis, 
respecting the Designs of the French & Indians against 
Checanecto ; and I have now receiv'd two Letters from him 
upon that Subject ; which he desires I would lay before you : 
And accordingly I now communicate them to you. 

And I must earnestly recommend to you the serious Con- 
sideration of the Contents of those Letters ; In which Gov- 
ernour Cornwallis has in the most convincing light set forth 
the great Dependance this Province has for its Safety on the 
Preservation of Nova Scotia, especially that Part of it that 
lies upon or near the Bay of Fundy ; For if the French should 
make a strong Settlement on the South Coast in those Parts, 
and thereby gain a nearer Communication with the Indians 
on our Frontiers, & have the Opportunity of supplying them 
with Warlike Stores, and other things The Probability in 
that Case of the whole Province of Main as well as the Lands 
between that & the River of S* Croix, being soon swallow'd 
up by the French, is obvious to every Considerate Person ; 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 125 

And the danger of this Event seems more apparent, from the 
open and unreasonable Challenge of the French to the whole 
Sea Coast from Kennebeck River to the Head of the Bay of 
Fundy, a great Part of which is within the Jurisdiction of 
this Governm* - 

I leave it to you, Gentlemen, to consult what may be 
proper for the Government to do at this Juncture that may 
have a Tendency to promote the Safety and Prosperity of the 
Province, which, as I said before, is much indangered by 
these designs and Attempts of the French. 

Council Chamber 11 Feb* 1750 S Phips 

In the House of Rep ives Feb y 12, 1750 

Read and Ordered that M r Speaker M r Tyng Judge Rus- 
sell & Cap* Brown with such as the Hon ble Board shall appoint 
be a Com ee to take this Mess a and the Letters from Gov 1 
Cornwallis herein referd to under Consideration and report 
as soon as may be what they Judge proper for this Court to 
do thereon 

Sent up for concurrence T. Hubbard Spk r 

In Council Febry 12, 1750 

Read & Concur'd, & Sir William Pepperil, Ezekiel Chever 
& Joseph Pynchon Esqrs are joined in the Affair. 

J Willard Secry 

Report. 

The Com tee appointed to consider his Hon" Message of the 
11 th Instant respecting Nova Scotia & c having considered y e 
same with Govern r Cornwallis's two letters therein referr d to, 
are of Opinion that, the great Importance of securing Chig- 
necto and the Bay of Fundy to the New England settlements, 
Yet considering the Reduced state of this Province, A both 
as to its Inhabitants & Money, by reason of their readiness 
in sending great numbers of their Men in the Expeditions 



126 DOCXJMENTAHY HISTORY 

against Cuba, Cape Breton, and to reinforce Anapolis in the 
last War, besides many more of its Inhabitants impressed on 
board His Majesties Ships of Warr and others imployed on 
our large Frontiers for our immediate defence ; And y e no 
small expence wee were obliged to be at to defray y e Charge 
thereof B and farther considering, that it is highly probable 
this Government will be necessitated to furnish many more 
of their Men in a Short time for y e defence of its frontiers 
against y e Incursions of their Enemies as Govern r Cornwallis 
informs he is very apprehensive off, The Com tee are humbly 
of Opinion that the C Impoverished state of this Province 
will not admitt that any of its Inhabitants be sent to Nova 
Scotia at their own Charge, Nor will the Safety of this Prov- 
ince admitt it tho at the Charge of the Governor* there 
which is Submitted 

W m Pepperrell by order of the Comitte 

In Council Febry 15, 1750 

Read & Ordered that this Report be accepted w th the 
Amendm ts 

Sent down for Concurrence J Willard Secry 

A dele 

B insert and the Difficulty of raising of money at this 
Juncture. 

Cdele 

In the House of Rep ves Feb* 16 1750 

Read and Concur'd T. Hubbard Spk r 



Letter, L f Gov. Phips to Joseph de badis de S l Castin 

Boston Feb* 19. 1750/51 
Sir 

I have received your Letter by Cap. Bradbury which I 
have communicated to the General Court of this Province 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 127 

And at their Desire I now invite you to come up to Boston 
with Cpt. Saunders, that so I may discourse with you upon 
the Contents of your Letter & all other Matters that maj' be 
thought conducive to continue & promote Peace between 
this Governm 1 & the Indian Tribes ; And you may depend 
upon Protection & Safety. 

I thank you for the Expressions of Friendship to the 
English contained in your Letter & hope you will upon all 
Occasions act agreable to your Profession. 

I remain Your Friend & Servant 



Letter, Sec r v Willard to Maj r J. H. Lydius 

Boston, March 12, 1750/51 
Sir 

It appears by a Letter from Cap* Stevens to Col Williams 
of Hatfield dated from your Truck house the 3 d of Feb y that 
some Indians of the S l Francois Tribe had been there & that 
they express'd a desire of living in Peace with the English & 
propos'd to come in to our Fort this Spring. If you have 
opportunity of seeing any of those Indians you are desired to 
encourage them to prosecute this their Intention & to assure 
them in the name of this Governnr 4 that if they will send to 
Boston any persons impowered by their Tribe to treat with 
us they may depend not only on safeguard and full Protec- 
tion, from their coming upon our Frontiers until their Return 
home but also upon a friendly Reception at Boston & kind 
treatment while they remain here. If you can see none of 
those Indians your self you are desired to write or send a 
Verbal Message to them or to Cap* Stevens by him to be 
communicated to the above purpose : And it must be left to 
your prudence to conduct the Business in the best manner, 



128 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

so as if possible to prevent the Designs being known to the 
French who no doubt will be concern'd to defeat it. It 
appears to be the easiest travel for that Tribe to come into 
the Fort at Richmond or Georges from whence they may be 
transported to Boston by Water but if they are fond of com- 
ing in to the Westward it will be best not to cross their 
Inclination. 

I write this by Order of his Honour the L 1 Governor & 
the Council & am 

Sir Your humble Servant J Willard 

Maj r John Henry Lydius 



Message April 2, 1751. 

Gentlemen of the Council & House of Repres ves 

Information having been given to me & his Majesty's 
Council in the Recess of the Court by M r Richard Hazen, 
that the French were making Settlements upon a River called 
Le Chock about five Leagues Eastward of Penobscot River, 
The Council advised me to send some proper Persons to make 
Discovery of the said Settlements, if any such there be, as 
you will find by the Messages of Council accompanying this 
Message ; But Capt n Bradbury, who was to be entrusted with 
this Business not having had a Passage home to S l Georges 
River, The Method designed for discovery is not yet put in 
Practice. 

Therefore I desire you would consider the Matter, & give 
me your Advice thereon as soon as may be. 

Council Chamber 2 April 1751 S Phips 

In the House of Rep ves April 2 1751 

Read and Ordered that Col Hinsdale M r Bayley & Col° 
Buckminster with such as the Hon ble Board shall Joyn be a 



OF THE STATE OF MAESTE 129 

Comm ee to take the Mess a under consideration and report 
thereon. The Comm* to Sit forthwith. 

Sent up for concurrence T. Hubbard Spk r 

In Council April 2 d 1751 Read & Concur'd & John Hill 
& James Minot Esq™ are Joined in the Affair. 

Sam 1 Holbrook D ty Secry 



Message April 3, 1751. 

Gentlemen of the House of Rep ve8 

I have received such Confirmation of the Intelligence of 
the French setling at the River Le Chock, that it appears to 
me necessary to proceed further immediately than barely to 
make Discovery of this Matter. 

And therefore I would recommend to you the making Pro- 
vision for Cpt. Saunders's Sloop being forthwith sufficiently 
mann'd arm'd & fitted for breaking up that Settlement before 
the French there acquire more Strength. 

Council Chamber 3 April 1751 S Phips 



Memorial of Richard Hazzen 

To His Hon r Spencer Phipps Esq r Lieu* Gov r and Com- 
mander in Chief To the Honourable the Council and to the 
Honr ble the House of Representatives assembled at Boston 
April 4 th Anno Domini 1751. 

The Memoriall of Richard Hazzen Humbly Sheweth 
That your Memorialist did in the Months of October, Novem- 
ber & December Last, with the utmost hazzard & difficulty 
at that inclement Season of the year take a Survey of the 
Sea Coast from the Mouth of Merrimack River to y e River 



130 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

S* Croix & as far up into the Country as he possibly could 
pursuant to a Vote of this Hon rble Court 

That he has compleated a Chart or Map thereof in the 
most correct manner he is able to do, which he has brought 
down & now Lyes in the Council Chamber. 

Your Memorialist now prays this Honourable Court to 
Consider his Services & make him a Reasonable Allowance, 
& for your Honours as in duty bound he shall ever pray 

Richard Hazzen 

In the House of Rep ves April 5, 1751. 
Read and Ordered that the Sum of fifty nine pounds Sixteen 
shillings and four pence be allowed the Mem out of the pub- 
lick Treasury in consideration of his services and expences 
mentioned. 

Sent up for concurrence T. Hubbard Spk r 

In Council April 5, 1751 Read & Concur d J Willard Secry 

Consented to S. Phips 

59 16 4 

13 6 8 advanced before g cons 1 
46 9 8 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay to Richard Hazzen D r 
October 1750 To Sixteen Days Service at g Day 
Nov 1 To 30 Days Service Surveying at g Day 

Dec r To 27 Days Surveying & planning at g Day 

January To 26 Day 8 D° 

Feb: To 19 Days D° 

Feb : 22 d To 1 Journey to Boston to carry my plan & 

waiting there 7 Days 
To Drawing a 2' 1 plan 25 Days at g Day 
April 1* 1 Journey to Boston my time 6 Days at g Day 

16 The whole time 156 Days at 50 Sh g Day 390: 00: 
30 To my Expences in my voyage Eastward £ 26: 12: 6 
27 To Cash paid a man for going to Black 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 131 

26 point for plans of M r Small 

19 To his Expences 

7 To cash paid a man to go to M r John 
25 Godsoe of Kittery for plans 

6 To his Expenses 
156 To Horse hire 2 journeys to Boston 
To horse keeping 13 Nights at 
To My Own Expences at 

O: t 
L : money 59: 16: 4 



3 






2 






2 


10 




2 






6 






6 


10 




10 






448: 


12: 


6 



Petition, £c, Third Parish of Kittery April ty, 1751. 

To the Honourable Spencer Phips Esq r Liev* Governour 
and Commander in chief in and Over his Maj ty8 Province of 
the Massachusets Bay in New England and to the Honoura- 
ble his Maj 8ty8 Council and the Honourable House of Repre- 
sentatives for s d Province in General Court Assembled March 
the 27 th 1751 

The Petition and Remonstrance of the Inhabitants of the 
Third Parish in the Town of Kittery in the County of York 
Humbly Sheweth 

That whereas in y e Year of Our Lord 1669 a grant was 
made by y e s d Town of Kittery of one Hundred & fifty Acres 
of Land for Each Division in s d Town in Some convenient 
place or Places as may be found out by the Inhabitants of 
Each Division & Appropriated for y e use of y* Ministry for 
Ever; which s d Grant was long since laid out in the Lower 
Division of s d Town Since called y e Lower Parrish in Kittery 
of which Your Petitioners being Inhabitants & had an Equal 
right with other Inhabitants in y e Priviledges of y e same And 



132 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

whereas in y e Month of June last Your Petitioners ware Set 
off & made a Distinct & Seperate Parrish and Invested with 
All y e Powers Priviledges and Immunities of any Other Par- 
rish in this Province, And whereas Your Petitioners before 
y e Seperation were Obliged by y e Major vote of s d Parrish to 
pay their Proportion to y e Charge of Purchasing a house lot 
for the Ministry Near the Meeting House in the Lower Par- 
rish and of Building a House for the Ministry & a Barn Dig- 
ing a Well & fencing a burying place with Stone wall Send- 
ing home the Bell Twice to England to be New cast and 
Diverse other Charges of which we are Now Divested of any 
right or Priviledge in, to the Amount of at Least One Thou- 
sand Pounds Notwithstanding all which the Inhabitants of 
the s d first or Lower Parrish have in a Preposterous and 
Clandestine Manner Entred upon the first Mentioned Grant 
Appropriated for the Use of the Ministry broke over y e Line 
Settled by this Court and hastily Erected a fence Enclosing 
the whole without the knowledge of Your Petitioners till it 
was done Intending to Divest them of their Just rights and 
Priviledges the said first Parrish being Superior to them 
Abundantly in Polls & Estates Your Petitioners having been 
at y e Expence of Errecting a Meeting House Settleing and 
Ordaining a Minister without any Assistance from y e first 
Parrish which they might have Justly Expected considering 
what they had done for them in that Respect — 

Your Petitioners therefore Humbly Supplicate that Your 
Honours would Interpose in their Affair, - Order that an 
Equal right in y e s d Ministry Land be set off to them and 
that the first or Lower Parrish refund and pay back to them 
their Proportion of what was Taken from Your Petitioners 
Towards Settling y e Minister in y e first Parrish as aforesaid 
Or that this Great & Honourable Court would in their 
known Wisdom and Justice Take their Distressing Circum- 
stances into consideration & Grant Such reliefe in the Prem- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



133 



isses as to them shall Seem Meet, And Your Humble Suppli- 
ants As in Duty bound Shall Pray &c a 

Dated at Kittery in y e Middle Parrish A prill y e 4 th 1751 



W In Wentvvorth 
Nicoles Weeks 
Sam 1 Haley 
Andrew Lewis 
Richard Pope 
Charles Smith 



John Hutchins 
John Shapleigh 
Nathaniel Leach 
Henry Benson 
Thomas Hutchings 
John Healey 
Nath el Fernald 
Rob* Cutt 
John Shepherd 
Joseph Keen 
John Godsoe 



Joseph Curtis 

Thomas Cutt 

James Johnson 

Jos Willson 

Thomas Lewis 

Tobias Fernald 
Bengaman Hutchings Thomas Rogers 
Enoch Hutchins Harkles Fernald 
Joseph Weekes Sam 11 Manson 
Nathaniel Keen Samuell Johnson 
Richard Rice Samuel Rice 

In the House of Rep ve8 April 8. 1751 

Read and Ordered that the Pet" serve the first Parish in 
Kittery with a Copy of this Pet" that they Shew cause if any 
they have on the Second tuesday of the next May Session 
why the Prayer thereof should not be granted 

Sent up for concurrence T Hubbard Spk r 

In Council April 8. 1751 Read & Concur'd 

J Willard Secry 

In Council June 12, 1751 Read & Ordered that the Con- 
sideration of this Petition be refer'd to the first Tuesday of 
the next Sitting of the Court 



Sent down for concurrence 

Read and Concur'd 

Consented to, 

In Council Octob r 8, 1751 
of the first Parish in Kittery & 

Ordered that James Minot & Joseph Pynchon Esq" with 
such as the Hon ble House of Represent™ 8 shall join be a 
Comm* to hear the Parties consider the Petition & Answer 



Sam 1 Holbrook D ty Secry 

T. Hubbard Spk r 
S Phips 

Read again with the Answer 



134 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

& report what they think proper for this Court to do thereon. 
Sent down for Concurrence. J Willard Secry 

In the House of Rep ves Oct 1 9. 1751 

Read and Nonconcurd and Ordered that this Pet n be dis- 
miss'd. 

Sent up for concurrence T. Hubbard Spk r 

In Council Oct 9 1751 

Read and Concurr'd J Willard Secry 

Consented to, S Phips 



Message 

In the House of Rep ves April 5. 1751 - Ordered that the 
following Message be sent to his hon r the Liev* Gov 1 

May it please your hon r 

The House have Considered your Hon" Message to them 
of the 3 d Instant, Do look upon it as a matter of uncertainty 
as to the French's making any Settlements at the River 
Lachoak, are Therefore of the Opinion that the orders y r 
Hon r has already given to Cap 1 Bradbury will be Sufficient 
to make discovery whether the French are making Settle- 
ments there or not, and untill the House can be more fully 
Satisfied of that fact they cant think it necessary to make 
Provision for sending Cap* Sanders, with an arm'd force to 

that place 

T. Hubbard Spk r 



Message April 11, 1751. 

Gentlemen of the Council & House of Representatives 

It appears by Cap* Stevens's Journal, which I have caused 
to be laid before you, that it is the Gov 1 of Canada's Inten- 
tion, that the Captives, which have been redeemed by the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 135 

French from the Indians, should be sent to Crown Point this 
Spring, in Expectation that there will be provision made for 
the repayment of the Money winch has been advanced for 
the release of these unhappy Persons, & the necessary Cloath- 
ing they have been furnished with. 

I must therefore recommend it to you to take such Meas- 
ures as may be for the Honour of the Government, & may 
procure the Return of the Captives as speedily as possible. 

Council Chamber April 11. 1751 S Phips 

In the House of Rep ives April 12. 1751 
Read and Ordered that M r Speaker M r Tyng and Cap 1 
Williams with such as the Hon ble Board shall Joyn be a 
Comm ee to take this Mess a under consideration and report 
what they Judge proper for this Court to do thereon 

Sent up for concurrence T. Hubbard Spk r 

In Council April 12 1751 Read and concurr'd and Jacob 
Wendell and Tho 8 Hutchinson Esq 18 are join'd in the affair. 

J Willard Secry 

The Committee appointed to consider the foregoing Mes- 
sage of his Honour the L l Governour having attended the 
business are of opinion that it is not convenient for the Gov- 
ernment to be at the Expence of redeeming the Captives, or 
to be at any Charge for their Cloathing while in Canada it 
appearing to the Committee that it has not been the practice 
in Cases of the like nature heretofore & it may be of very 
bad Consequence to introduce it now — Which is humbly 
submitted 

Jacob Wendell by order 

In Council April 24 1751 Read and sent down 

In the House of Rep ives April 25. 1751 

Read and not accepted and Ordered that the Secretary be 
directed to write to the Relations of the Captives in Canada, 
advising them of the probability that said Captives will be 



136 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

brought to Crown Point some time in the next month, that 
so the said Relatives may make provision for the Redemption 
of said Captives. 

Sent up for concurrence T Hubbard Spk r 

In Council April 25, 1751 Read — Concur' d 

Sam 1 Hubbard D y Secry 
Consented to ; S Phips 

Memorandum of M r W m Pote 

Frenchman's Bay. y e Entrance is Between y e N' Easterly 
Part of mount desert & Schooduct which are about Six 
Leagues Distance one from y e other E B N, & W B S, up 
in s d Bay are many Pleasant Islands Uninhabited, at y e 
head of it are two Good harbours & Some French Inhabitants* 
at this Place my Pilate James Mourton Informed me were 
two French Ships of War. 

S r Your most humble & obedient Serv* 

Will 111 Pote Jnr 
To the Cheif Engen r &c &c &c 

Letter, Thomas Fletcher to Capt. David Dunning April 11, 1751 

To the Commanding Officer at Pemmaquid 
S r / I Just Now Had News from a Frenchman that the 
Canada Indains are Gone out and will Strieke on y e Eastren 
Fronteers I Beleave that its true for y e Man Gave me a 
String of Wampum to Confirm the truth of it and I think it 
absolutely Necessary that People Should Immediatly secure 
themselves as speedly as thay Possably Can - 

From y r Hum le Sr" Thomas Fletcher 

S l Georges Fort Apriel 11 1751 

For Capt David Dunning at Brunswick 

To the Commanding Officer at North yarmoth To be 
forwarded to the Commanding officer at Newcastle. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 137 

Letter, Tho s Henderson to U Gov. Phips 

S l Georges April 11 th 1751. 
May It please your Honnour / 

I have Inclosed sent your honour The coppy of the Intelli- 
gence I received Just now from the Commanding offisar of 
S l Georges Fort, I am now going to broad Bay and all the 
Inhabitants to give the nessary warning. The case is very 
shoking, there is about one hundred familys In this settle- 
ment that with much Difickualty for want of Provisions was 
Indeavoring to plant for a feuter season which No doubt 
( weare they not Interupted ) would turn to good ace* But if 
they are forsed to garrison as I beleive will be the Case by to 
morrow noon, they have nothing to live upon not One day, 
haveing chearfully lived on clambs this montli Past, I take 
upon me to give your honour this Information In behalf of 
the Inhabitants and prays y r Honour may Seariously take 
our condition into consideration and use such speedy meas- 
ures for our relief as your Houn r in your Wisdom thinks 
proper, wee are all willing to stand and maintain y e frunteers 
if Inabled by y r Houno r and the Legislator, I am Iloner* sir 
your most Humble & obediant sarvant 

Thomas Henderson 



Letter, Tho 3 Fletcher to Capt. W m Lithgow Ap l 14, 1751 

To y e Commanding officer at Fort Georg S r / 

I Just now Had newes from a French man that the Canada 

Indians are Gon out, and will Strike on y e Eastren Froun- 

tiers, I beleive that it's True, for y e Man Gave me a String 

of Wampum to Confirm y e Truth of it, and think it abseluetly 



138 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

neseoery that y e peopele Should Immediately Secure them 
Selves, as Speadely as thay possibly Can. 

From your Humble Serv* Tho 8 Fletcher 
a True Coppy yours to Serve Will m Lithgow 

Richmond April y e 14 th 1751 

PS S r pray Send Coppys of this to all y e ajecant places 
to your Garrison 



Letter, John North to L l Q-ov. Phips 

Fort Frederick Aprill 15, 1751 
May it Please y r Hon r / 

Last Friday I rec d an Express from y e Commanding Officer 
of S* Georges Which I Inclose to y r Hon r ; & Likewise I sent 
Coppys of y e same' to Damariscotta, Sheepscut, Kennebeck, 
Richmond & Brunswick ; that the Inhabitants, Might be on 
their Guard ; — they are Generally Gone to Garrison , in Very 
Malloncolly Circumstances ; their Winter Stores Expended ; 
& No Liklyhood of Planting their feilds or Lumbering to 
support their family s. — Being Not Able to Withstand y e 
Insults of y e Enemie. 

Your Hon r Is Well Acquainted with y e Helpless Condition 
of this Fort, haveing But Six Men to Defend it ; Which A 
very Inconsiderable Number for so Large a Fort, I Beg Leave 
to Offer these things to y r Hon™ Consideration 

And am your Hon™ most Humb le and Obedient Serv* 

John North 

Letter, John Oulton to L l Gov. Phips 

Fort George in Brunswick Apr: 15 th 1751 
Hon ble Sir 

The Inclosed pap : I just now rec d from Cap* W m Lithgow, 

Copies of the same hath been sent to the Inhabitance, two or 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 139 

three dayes agone, which hath Occasioned great fear among 
them, And to that Degree, many of them are distressed in 
their mind I wish it may not be so in their Bodys also by 
some Evil Action from y e Indian Enemies from whoes Cruel 
Actions, God Almighty deliver us all, for we are in a poor 
State of Defence without farther help from y e Province, in 
w ch I hope, y r Honour will not be wanting, in your endeav- 
ours to give us all y e assistance you Can, in order to protect 
us from our Enemies. 

The state of this Fort, for want of Repairs & more Men, I 
lately sent to M r Wheelwright, for him to put y r honour in 
Mind, of what I gave you in Sep r last, w ch I hope will be 
taken into Consideration of the General Court, with all due 
respects, I am 

Y r Honours Most Obed 1 Humb : Ser 1 Jn° Oulton 



Letter, Enoch Freeman to IS Gov. PJiips. 

Falmouth April 16 th 1721 
Sir 

The Inclosed I just rec d from y e Lieut 1 of Saint Georges 
Fort, and I thought it proper to Express it to Your Honour 
as it is ; and I hope it will arrive to your Honour before the 
General Court rises, that his Majestys Subjects, on the East- 
ern Frontiers, may have that Immediate Care taken of them, 
their present Danger calls for ; 

Sir, it is a melacholly Scene to behold So many People 
drove off from their Planting &c and not know what to go 
about for a Living. 

But it gives Some Encouragement, that we may rely on 
Your Honour's Goodwill & Best Endeavours for the Frontiers 

I am, Your Honour's Most Dutifull and Obed* hum 1 Serv* 

Enoch Freeman 
To y e Hon ble Spencer Phips Esq r Lieut* Gov r &c — 



140 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter, Alex r Nikels to Lt. Grov. Phips 

To his Honnor Governor ffips 
Sir inclosed you have the Copy of an Express sent to us by 
Incin Flatcher of St : Georges fort and we are now all heaped 
up into Garyson and Dars not go out looking Every day 
when the Indians will strak and the thing that most discorges 
us is that we have a report hear that there has been an 
upwards of a hundered Canada Indians at St : Georges and 
that they have had stors out of the truk hous I Canot think 
the report is true but it would be a good thought to look into 
it for if it be a lie as I supos it is people will not be so much 
discorged we hop to hear from your honnor som thing that 
will be Comfortable to our aid if need be and your speedy 
answer will very much incorg us in thes remot parts of the 
willdernes from your Humble servant at Comand 

Alex r Nikels 

Sheepscot April the 16 th 1751 

[ Superscribed ] 

To his Honnor Governor ffips 

at Bostou or Cambridg 



Letter, Alex r Nikels to Capt. Jabez Bradbury Ap l 18, 1751. 

Cap 1 Jabez Bradbury 
Sir 

Wheras there Came an Express from Incine fflatcher of 
your fort at St: Georges to my hand bearing Date the 11 th 
of this instant wherein he assurs us that the Canada Indians 
was gon out and would sertainly strake at the Eastern fron- 
tiers it his put us all into Garyson therefore I would have 
you to warn the Penabscot and noragewalk Indians to _ of 
from Coming near us at this tim for as we are all heaped up 



OF THE STATE OF MAESTE 141 

into Garryson and dars't do no manner of busyness for our- 
selves we think most proper for our own Defence and the 
good of the province to raise all the men can be spaired out 
of our Garysons and go out upon the back sid of our settle- 
ment to see if wee Can meet them in the woods give them a 
little of there own play untill we have aid from the province 
and if you will please to let those Indians that is our Suposed 
friends have warning to keep out of our way it will very 
much oblidge Sir your loveing friend 

Sheepscot April the 18 th 1751 Alex r Nikels 

A true Copy of my letter sent to Capt : Bradbury to be 
Comunicated to his Honnor Spencer Phips Esq r Comander 
in chief &c. 



" Lieuten 1 Grovern rs Letter to Cpt Nichols May 1, 1751 " 

I have received from you a Copy of your Letter to Cap 1 
Bradbury. I question whether the Report of the Canada 
Indians coming on our Frontiers is true I think it probable 
they are gone to Nova Scotia. I have sent Belts of Wam- 
pom to the Penobscots Norredgewock & S* Francois Tribes 
& expect they will meet in the Summer in order to confirm 
the Peace between us and though upon every appearance of 
Danger I would have the Inhabitants on the Frontier be con- 
stantly on their Guard, yet I cannot approve of sending out 
Men to give the Indians their own Play as you express it for 
you cannot distinguish between Fiiends & Enemys & by this 
means may involve the Government in a War which other- 
wise might have been avoided. I therefore expect that for 
the present you desist from your proposed measures unless 
the People should be actually attackd And be careful from 
time to time to advise me of any thing remarkable that may 



142 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

occur that I may give such further Orders as may be 
necessary. 

Letter, Sec r v Willard to Capt. W m Lithgow 

Boston 1, May 1751 
I am directed by his Honour the L* Governor & the Coun- 
cil to acquaint you that a Vote has pass'd the hon d Board 
authorizing you to distribute out of the Truck Trade a Sum 
not exceeding Fifty pounds lawful money among the Indians 
of the Noridgwalk Tribe or the S l Francois Tribe if any of 
the last mentioned should come Down into your Fort and in 
doing this you must endeavour to engage the Men of greatest 
influence among the Indians that so they may be kept from 
any hostile Acts until the time of the Proposed Conference 
with them. It is likewise thought convenient by his Honour 
& the Board that you should caution the Inhabitants against 
firing upon any Indians unless there be good Evidence of 
their having a design to attack the English. A great deal 
depends on a prudent discharge of the Trust reposed in you 
at this Juncture it being of very great importance that Peace 
should be maintaind by all ways I mean consistent w th the 
Honor of Government I am Sir, Your humble Serv* 

J Willard 
To Cpt. William Lithgow 

The same to Cpt. Jabez Bradbury, only Penobscot for 
Norridgewalk & Seventy for Fifty 

" Letter, Col. Moulton $• others to L* Q-ov. Phips 
May 0, 1751. 

S r 

Yesterday were bro 1 by Virtue of a Warrant from Sam 1 

Denny Esq r of Georgetown, and comitted to His Maj ts Goal 

here, two Men who are vehemently Suspected to have mur- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 143 

ther'd the Master & two Men, belonging to a Vessel bound 
from Cherry Point in Virginia, to Clement's Bay in Mary- 
land, Sometime in February last, as mention'd in the Weekly 
Post Boy afterward. - Altho Maj r Denny took the Examina- 
tion of one of the men namely Geo : Willson upon oath, yet 
he acquainted us that the Information was so imperfect that 
it was not proper to Send it, and refer'd him to be examin'd 
here. 

Accordingly he offer'd himself to be Evidence for the King, 
and declare the whole Truth, if he might not be tried for the 
said murthers. - We gave him our Word, that we wou'd 
recomend him to the Favour of y e Governm 1 upon that Con- 
dition ; finding it impossible to get Sufficient Evidence for 
the Trial & condign Punishm* of so barbarous Murthers 
without him. And being carefully examin'd he made the 
inclosed Declaration upon oath which (as yo r Hon r will per- 
ceive ) gives the most violent Suspicion. 

After we had examin'd Willson Separate, we proceeded to 
examine Sutton, who undoubtedly gave evasive and false 
answers to Questions put to him, and by his Behaviour as 
well as by the different Acco ts these persons gave of them- 
selves when examined by the Justices in New Hampshire, 
and other Circumstances concurring, we have great Reason 
to believe one or both of them were Actors in that cruel & 
inhumane Tragedy, we have therefore committed them both 
to the Stone Goal but have ordered William Sutton to be in 
Irons, and in a Separate Room until the Order of Governm*. 

We have Subjoin'd to the Declaratiou of the Facts attend- 
ing the Tragedy an Acco 4 of Some persons they met with and 
Places where they lodged on their Travels, in order that Evi- 
dences to prove, that these men were the Identical persons 
that comitted those Murders, may be obtained. 

It is very probable that part of the Cloathing these men 
have now on did belong to the Master of s d Vessel. 



144 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

But as these Facts were committed in a Bay in Virginia 
we are not certain whether, it was within the Body of a 
County and must be tried there, or whether it was upon the 
High Seas, and so may be tried by a Court of Admiralty 
specially appointed by Virtue of an Act of Parliament made 
in y e Reign of K : W m y e 3 d 

Wherefore we now give your Hon r and the Hon ble His 
Maj ts Council this Information with the papers inclosed, to 
the End that such proceeding may be had concerning them 
as the uncommon Case calls for. 

We shall be very glad that Something may be concluded, 
as Soon as may be, because Sutton Seems to be a person able 
to carry on deep Stratagems, and his Guard have inform' d 
us, that he would have undoubtedly, kill'd some of them in 
order to escape ; There being but few apartm ts in Goal, and 
other Prisoners there, are afraid of his doing Mischief. 

We are Your Hon 18 most obedient and most humble Servants 

Jer: Moulton 

York May 2, 1751. Simon ffrost 

Dan 1 Moulton 
The Hon ble Spencer Phipps Esq r L* Govern' 



Berwick Petition. May 25, 1751 

To the Honourable Spencer Phips Esq 1 Lieutenant Gov- 
ernor & Commander in Chief in & Over his Majesties 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay and to the Honour- 
able the Council and House of Representatives of said 
Province in Gen 11 Court Assembled May 1751 — 
The Petition of Benjamin Chadbourn, William Gerrish 
James Gerrish, John Thompson jun r and Moses Butler 
Selectmen of the Town of Berwick in the County of York 
for and in Behalf of said Town Humbly Sheweth 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 145 

That the freeholders & Inhabitants of said Town of Ber- 
wick upon Due warning given Met on the Eleventh day of 
March last past to Choose Town officers as Usual at which 
time y e Town Made Choice of a Person for their Clerk who 
refused to take the Oath Required by the Act made for 
Drawing in the Bills of Credit &c — whereupon the Town 
proceeded to and did make Choice of Another Person for 
Town Clerk who likewise refused to take y e said Oath — 
then the Town Adjourn'd their Meeting to the 26 th of said 
Month of March at which time some Difficulties Ariseing 
about the Choice of Town officers y e s d Town Adjourn'd their 
Meeting to the fifteenth day of April last & then Met but 
meeting with more Difficulty they Adjourn'd their Meeting 
to y 9 29 th of April when being Met they Chose all their offi- 
cers to Serve the Town the Current year but several of their 
officers being absent at the time of their being Chosen when 
Summoned to be Sworn refused to take the Oath afores d 
which made it Necessary to have Another Meeting Called to 
Choose others in y e room of those before Chosen who refused 
to serve & Accordingly there was Another Town Meeting 
Caled for that Purpose & held on y e 21. of May Instant 
when y e Town made Choice of such officers as were wanting 
But some Doubt has Arisen & - is Moved by some of the 
Inhabitants that the Town had No Lawfull Athority to 
Adjourn their Meeting Tho u Actually Caled & held Several 
Dayes in the Month of March but by reason of some Misun- 
derstanding Amongst y e People the Town officers were not 
all Chosen till y e 29 th of April last which Meeting was held 
by Virtue of the same Warrant that Called y e Meeting on y e 
Eleventh of March — and being held by Virtue of that War- 
rant by Adjournments Agreed upon by y e Town from time to 
time & being Customary to Adjourn Meetings by Votes was 
Amongst us supposed to be Lawfull and Could Not hurt or 
Injure Any Man — and as y e Peace & Quiet of the Town 

10 



146 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

depends Much upon y e Officers Chosen their being Established 
that they may attend their Duty in their respective offices 
for the Public Good — 

We therefore humbly pray that if this Hon ble Court shall 
Judge that the Adjournments of y e Town Meeting from y e 
Month of March into the month of April for finishing the 
business of y e Town Meeting to be Illegal it May be Attrib- 
uted to our Weakness & forgiven and that this Honourable 
Court will be pleased of their Great and wonted Goodness to 
Confirm y e Votes for y e Choice of Town officers Made at the 
Several Meetings Aforesaid or Grant them such relief in the 
Premises & Direction & authority for any further or other 
Proceedings therein as this Court in their Great Wisdom & 
Justice shall Seem Meet and y r Petitioners shall pray &c — 

Moses Butler 
Berwick May 25, 1751 Benf Chadboum 

W m Gerrish 

John Thompson Jur 

James Garish 



Select 
men 



In the House of Rep™ June. 6. 1751 

Read and Ordered that the Prayer of this Pet n be so far 
granted as that the several Votes herein mentioned relating 
to the Choice of Town officers be and hereby are confirmed - 

And that the said Town officers be and they hereby are as 
much Obliged ( to all intents and purposes ) to Serve in the 
respective offices to which they were Chosen as though they 
had been Chosen in the Month of March last 
Sent up for concurrence 

Att r Roland Cotton Cler Dom Rep 

In Council June 6, 1751 Read & Concurr'd 

Sam 1 Holbrook D ty Secry 
Consented to S Phips 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 147 

Depositions, May 27, 1751. 

The Deposition of Gideon Man, Benjamin Welch & Lem- 
uel Bolles all of North Yarmouth, Testifie & Say That We 
being in Company with Several others yesterday morning 
Looking for three Children (viz Joseph Chandler Son of 
Edmond Chandler Solomon Mitchel & Daniel Mitchel Sons 
of Benjamin Mitchel ) that were then Missing we discover'd 
where the Indians by their Tracts & by a Musquash Skin 
made into a Case & us'd by them as we Suppose & drop'd 
when they Lay behind a Fence by the Road we Saw where 
they Took the Boys & follow'd their Tracts both Indians & 
boys together for some considerable Way where they Carried 

them off. 

Gideon Man 

Benjamin Welch 

Lemuel Bolles 

And further the said Benjamin Welch & Lemuel Boles 

Say that they in Company with several others in pursuit of 

the Indians came to the place of Edward King of s d Town & 

in his Inclosure we found a yoke of Oxen of his Shot (as we 

Suppose by the Indians ) & Some part of the meat cut of & 

carried away. 

Benjamin Welch 

Lemuel Bolles 

York ss. North Yarmouth May 27, 1751. 

Personally appearing The above named Gideon Man, Ben- 
jamin Welch and Lemuel Boles made Oath to the Truth of 
the above Depositions by them Severally Subscribed. 

Before me, Samuel Seabury Jus ts Pacis 

Letter, Jn° Oulton to & Grov. Phips 

Fort George in Brunswick May 27 th 1751 
Hon ble Sir 

Yesterday ab l 4 a Clock in y* afternoon Came here Daneil 



148 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Pall from North yarmouth, who Informed me of y e Indians 
takeing & Carrying away, w th them three Boys, y e night 
before. Some Men went after them & by their track did 
suppose there was about ten or twelve of them. This puts 
all these parts in An Alarm, not knowing, where they will 
be next. We are in a poor State of Defence for want of 
Repayrs, as I gave y r Honour an account of in Sep r last, & 
since yS I begd M r John Wheelwright to put y r Honour in 
mind of it. Its a poor State we are in, & every day makes 
things worss & worss. For our firing off, two Great Guns, 
only with Powder, gave our platform & Carrages such a 
shake y l I thought both would have fell down, & am sure it 
will be so, when we Come to use them w th Shot, therefore I 
pray y r Honour will lay this affair before y e General Court, 
that I may have orders to doe what is needful If thats 
Obtained, I beg y r honour will Let me have y e orders as 
soone as possible, with all due respect I am 

Y r Honours Most Obed* humb. Ser* 

Jn° Oulton 



Letter, EzeW Gushing to L l Gov. PUps May 28, 1751. 

Honor* S r 

I have just now rec d Intelligence of the Indian Enemy's 
taking three Boys Prisoners at North Yarmouth as Likewise 
of their killing a yoke of oxen the Particulars of the affair 
your Honour may informe your Self by the enclosed Evi- 
dences of Several Persons belonging to Said Place. I have 
nothing further that is remarkable to acquaint your Honour 
with, I subscribe myself your 

Honours most obedient Humble Serv* 

Ezekiel Cushing 

Falmouth May 28 th 1751.— 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 149 

To His Honour Spencer Phips Esquire Comander in Chief 
in and over his Majestys Province of the Massachusetts 
Bay The Honourable his Majestys Council and the 
Honourable House of Representatives in a General 
Court Assembled May 29. 1751. 
The Petition of the Subscribers Grantees of a Certain 
Tract of Land adjoyning to North Yarmouth 

humbly Sheweth That 

Your Petitioners have Spent a great Deal of Time and been 
at considerable Expence in bringing forward a Settlement as 
may appear by the Account hereto annexed and had com- 
pleated the Settlement according to the Conditions of the 
said grant if they had Not been hindred by the Breaking out 
of the War and after the End of the French War We Con- 
cluded to proceed to Settlement but the Indians Making 
further Disturbance discouraged Your Petitioners from Pro- 
ceeding they having Granted the Sum of three Pounds ju3t 
before the last Disturbance made by the Indians upon Each 
Right. 

Your Petitioners Therefore pray that your Honours would 
please to grant a further Time for Performing the Con- 
ditions of their Grant and your Petitioners as in Duty bound 
shall ever pray &c. 

Daniel Witham] Com tee of 
Phile 11 Warner >■ the 
Sam 11 Stevens Grantees 
An Account of the Proceedings of the Grantees of a 
Certain Tract of Land adjoyning to North Yarmouth con- 
ditionally granted to Some Inhabitants of the Town of 
Glocester, by the great & General Court at their Sessions in 
the Year 

The said Grantees have raised And granted at Severell 
Times the Sum of Twenty two pounds thirteen Shillings and 
four Pence upon Each Right amounting to the Sum of one 



150 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

thousand Three hundred and fifty nine Pounds one shilling 
All Which has been paid except the last grant of three 
pounds a Right granted In the Year 1749 when the indians 
making Disturbance the Affair was not pursued according to 
the Design. 

A Way has been cut thro' the Woods about a Dozen 
Miles and two or three large Bridges & fourten more Cart 
bridges but smaler been built ; A Saw Mill has been raised 
and finished and set to Work Which cost about four hun- 
dred Pounds in the Year 1743. 

and fifteen Frames of Houses raised, There have been four 
fields of Corn the Rye, & many Loads of hay Cut on s d Land 
& Catle keep there one Winter 

Phile" Warner dark 
Glocester May 25 th 1751 



Record. 

at A Legale Parish Meeting held In y e Lower Parish In 
Kittery June 3 1751 Voted That S r W m Pepperrell Barn* 
be Desiered to Goe to the Generall Court to Make Answer to 
A Petition Sent In to said Court Apr 1 4 th 1751 by y e Inhab- 
itants of the Third or Middle Parish In Kittery Afore Said. 
A True Copy of Reco d 

Att r g Elihu Gunnison P : Cl r 
Ju r 



Record. 

At a Legal Parish Meeting held in y e Lower or first 
Parish In Kittery June 6 th 1751. 

Voted That y e Parish Clerk Informs the Inhabitants of the 
Medill Parish that y e first Parish has Desired S r W m Pepper- 
rell to Petition to y e Generale Court for a Continuance of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 151 

there Petition to Prevent their Being at y e Charge of Send- 
ing An Agent untill the Affaire Can be heard. 
A True Copy of Reco d Att r 

Elihu Gunneson: P: Cl r 
Ju r 



Letter. 

Kittery June 6 th 1751. 
Honourable Sir 

Inclosed you have a Petition w ch I beg y e favour of 
you to present to y e great & general Court. 

I am sorry ye Parish made choice of me to answer it, 
under y e present distressing circumstances of myself & family 
but if the Court would be pleased to put it of for some 
Longer time, I should indeav r to attend, to prevent the 
Parish being put to any further trouble & charge 
I am Your Most Humble Servant 

W"' Pepperrell 
The Hon me Josiah Willard Esq 1 

Superscribed to 
The Honourable Josiah Willard Esq r 
Secretary of the Province of 
Massachusetts Bay In Boston 

Petition of Sir W m Pepperrell June 6, 1751 

To the Hon ble Spencer Phips Esq 1 Lieu 1 Governour & 
Comander in Chief in & over His Majesty's Province 
of the Massachusets Bay in New England & to the 
Hon ble His Majesty's Council & the Hon ble House of 
Represen ves for Said Province in Gen 1 Court Assembled. 

The Petition & remonstrance of William Pepperrell 
Humbly Showeth 



152 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

That whereas on y e 21 8t may last past the first Parish of 
Kittery was served with a copy of a Petition to the Great & 
General Court signed by Mess 18 William Wentworth Thomas 
Cutt, Joseph Curtis & others, and also with a Citation from 
y e said Hon ble Court on the 11 th of this Ins 1 to Shew Cause 
why y e s d Petition should not be granted, and whereas the 
said first Parish of Kittery have chosen me their agent on 
that occasion, and such being the dispensations of Divine 
Providence towards me and my family as to render it almost 
impracticable for me to attend my duty in this affair or the 
more important affairs of the Province, till my mind is in 
some greater measure relieved, of w ch the third Parish in 
Kittery have been duly notified. 

Your Petioner therefore Humbly requests that your Hon- 
ours in your great goodness would be pleased to protract the 
time for a hearing, to the next sessions or to such future 
time as your Honours shall judge proper, when your Petioner 
begs leave to Assure your Honours, that he shall be able to 
Show not only the unreasonableness of their Petition in 
general, but y e there are many things therein Asserted as 
Facts which have Little or no foundation in Truth. 

I am with all Duty & Esteem Your Honours Faithfull 
and Most obedient Humble Servant 

W m Pepperrell 
Kittery 1 st Parish June 6 th 1721 



" A Pet n of the Selectmen of Brunswick June 7, 1751. " 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay In New England 

To the Hon ble Spencer Phips Esq r Liv 1 Gov: for the 
time Being: and Hon ble Councel & Hon ble house of 
Representatives In general Court Assembly May 29* 
1751 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 153 

The Petition of the Inhabitants of the town of Brunswick 
In the County of York 
Most Humbly Sheweth 

That John Martin An Inhabitant of s d Town : In the Late 
Excursion of the Indians : on the tenth of September last as 
he was at his Labour : In his own field was taken & Carri'd 
to Canada : & Sold to Joseph Cadiit for Two hundred livers : 
for which sume : s d Cadiit accepted his Note of hand by 
which means : he was permitted to Return to his family : 
& now Expects a Demand will be made of s d sume the pay- 
ment of which : we are perfectly Sensible : Is not In his 
power : being In Low Circumstances : haveing a family of 
seven Children most of them young & unable to Soport 
themselves : 

And further y r Petitioners Beggs Leave to Inform your 
Hon r & this Hon ble Court on the Day aforesaid viz : the 
tenth of September last, W m Ross & his son John Ross of 
Sheepsgut as we are Informed were also Carried into 
Captivity by a Company of Indians : & sold at Canada : 
having Endured Hardships by the way by reason of his 
Lameness : Suffering much : as to his Estate by having his 
house, & furniture, burned by the Indians : Last war : and 
what afterwards he procured by his Industrey : was Burned 
by the Indians in their late Excursion: S d Ross Leaving 
Behind him : a wife & four Children one of which is Dead 
and his wife : for the Soport of her self & family was obliged 
to remove from Sheepsgutt afores d to her fathers Garrison 
In Brunswick afores d 

Therfor y r Petitioners Humbly supplicate : y r Hon r & this 
Hon ble Court : praying thy would : In there grate wisdom & 
goodness provide : for there Releif & liberty : which there 
present Distressed Cases : Calls for : we Sopose that peti- 
tioners of this nature, have been preferred to this Hon ble 
Court: & v l Some members of this Hon ble Court: have 



154 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

objected, against giveing Rerleif To the Distressed Captives, 
by saying y* It would be of Bad Consequence : It would still 
give Encouragement : to the Indians & french to go on In 
the same method : to Distrees the Subjects : & Insult the 
Province: we would humbly offer our Reasons to obviate 
these objections : the Government May Relive, the Dis- 
tressed Captives : In Such a manner : that may Never Come 
to the Knowledge of the french & Indians : But provideing 
the Gov* In there grate wisdom Should see meet : It should 
Come to there knowledge we Humbly Conceve there might 
be then remonstrances made to the Government at home : 
that some orders might be obtained by the King of france to 
the governent of Canada : that for the future there might be 
a stop put to these Violations & Incursions : made on there 
frontiers, we begg y r hon rs : would forgive this freedom, 
Humbly Conceveing : You will Do that : that will be for the 
Hon r of the Government for the Releif of Distressed Cap- 
tives : as y r petitioners In our present Circumstances Are 
not able to afford them Releif 

And y r Petitioners As In Duty bound shall Ever Pray 

John Minot 
Robert ffinney 
Isack Snow 



Select men 
" of Brunswick 



Letter, Enoch Freeman to L* Grov. Phips 

Falmouth June 8 th 1751 
Sir 

This Day the Indians kill'd and Scalpt one Joseph Burnal, 
about half a Mile off of Pesumpscot Mills, in the Road lead- 
ing from thence to North Yarmouth an honest Blacksmith, 
his horse also was found dead by him, with four Bullet Holes 
thro' him. This Action is so perfidious I have hardly 



OF THE STATE OF MAESTE 155 

Patience enough to relate it; that when our People think 
they may go Safely about their Business ( as we hear a Treaty 
is concluded upon, & that till then all Hostilities were to 
cease ) shou'd be Suddenly & unexpectedly Shott down ; 
their Scalps tore off their Heads, and their Bodys left on the 
Ground in Gore presently a Neighbour or Friend is as Sud- 
denly Surpriz'd with the Sight ; Immediately the Towns are 
Alarm'd, then every one quits his Business, Some fly into 
Houses & Garrisons for Safety, others muster and range in 
Vain thro' the Woods after the Murderers, & then all Busi- 
ness laide aside for a while, not knowing where to be Safe, 
to the unspeakable Damage of the Publick as well as partic- 
ulars ; untill Necessity forces 'em out into Danger again. — 
And if the Governm 1 dont take some Speady Measures to 
help us, we are ruin'd, and I must leave it to their Supe r 
Wisdom to project some Effectual way to relieve us, who 
live, or rather have a being on the Frontiers — 

Your Honour will please to Excuse all Impertinence in 
Your Honours Obed 1 hum 1 Serv* 

Enoch Freeman 
His Honour y e Lieut 1 Govern 1 & Commander in Chief, &c 
[ Superscribed ] 
On his Majestys Service 
To the Hon We Spencer Phips Esq r Lieut 1 Governour & 
Commander in Chief of the Province of the Massachu- 
setts Bay &c at Cambridge 
g M r Dan 1 Godfry 

Letter, Jabez Bradbury to & G-ov. Phips 

S 4 Georges July 8 th 1751 
May it Please your Honour 

This day one of Squadooks Sons told me there was a 
french Ship Lately arriv'd at S l Johns River had brought two 



156 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

hundred workmen in order to Complete a Fort they were 
building nere the mouth of that River & that they had also a 
great number of Great Guns & said they were told by the 
French that the debate between the English and french Con- 
cerning Nova Scotia was Setled by Governer Shirley, he also 
told me he had seen Indians from Cannade who Said when 
the Indians thear, Recived the Belt Sent from this Govern- 
ment, they Presented it to the L* Governer of Cannada who 
Comended them for so doing, and that he advised them to be 
at peace with the English, he also Said the french were gon 
out with a great number of Men in quest of som foreign 
Indians who had Lately kild or taken Seventeen men in one 
of their frontier Setlements near the Lake, there being no 
particular day set, & being often askt by the Indians when 
they shall waite on your Honour here, I have venterd to tell 
them that by the 15 th of Agust they may Expect to Se your 
Honoer with A Number of Gentlemen of the Council agree- 
able to the Interview Proposd by your Honour. 

I subscribe my self your Honours most obedient humble 
Serv* Jabez Bradbury 

May it please your Honer Since I wrote the above I Ricivd 
a leter from the Jesuit to your honour & another from the 
Indians to me in which they Say they Shall be Ready to 
waite on you at this Place at the time apointed which will be 
the Eighth of August, their letter to me was Sind by 
Sebooset, Loran Squadook & Sundry others of their most 
Considerable men 

I am as above your Honours most obedient Humb 1 Serv* 

Jabez Bradbury 

Letter, Job Averell to Capt. Alex r Nickels 

Sheepscut July y e 9 th 1751 
Capt n Nickels Sir Whereas by your Pamphlet which you 



OF THE STATE OF MAESTE 157 

and your Squire drew in my Absence and has carried into 
Court : you have so far insinuated the wrong done to your 
good name by the paper I carried into Court so as to impose 
so far upon the Honourable Court as to appoint a Committee 
to examine into the affair : this is therefore to inform you 
that it is now my turn to summons your whole Company or 
who I please to Boston to answer to such Questions as I 
shall ask them and that before your face, therefore if you 
dont come directly with some of the most Credible men in 
your Company and settle that affair so that it proceed no 
further : I will assure you that I will present you for selling 
Rhum more then twenty times and your father also. 

this from Stand by the truth Job Averell 

[ Superscribed ] 

To Capt n Alexander Nickels Jun r 

at Newcastle 



Letter, L l Gov. Phips to Capt. W m Lithgow 

Boston July 12, 1751. 

Sir 

You must acquaint such of the Indians as you may have 
Opportunity to see, that I am exceedingly surprised that 
after a Treaty had been app ted between this Gov 1 & them, 
one Englishman sh d be kill'd while travelling upon the Road, 
& three Children captivated, & that I expect that the Indians 
of the Penobscots & Norridgewalk Tribes sh d use their utmost 
Endeavours that those Children be brought to the Treaty & 
delivered up. 

Your Friend & Serv* S. Phips 

Cpt. W m Lithgow - at Richmond Fort 

The same to Cpt Jabez Bradbury at the Fort at S l Georges 
River 



158 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter, L l Gov. Phips to Col. Ezkl Cushing. July 15, 1751. 
Sir, 

I have receive! such Advices from Cap* Lithgow at Fort 
Richmond as gives too much reason to fear that the Indians 
of Norridgewock & Penobscot as well as those who are near 
to Canada design to break with us & that the People on the 
Frontiers are in danger of being suddenly attack' d by them. 
You are therefore immediately to give notice to all exposed 
places to be on their guard & not only to be careful for their 
own defence but to use their utmost endeavours if possible 
to intercept or destroy any Indians that may be coming in an 
hostile manner against them & it might prove extreamly ser- 
viceable if any of them could be captivated & I doubt not 
the persons who should effect it would receive an handsome 
reward from the Government. At the same time as we have 
no certainty of the Disposition of the Penobscots and Nor- 
ridgewocks, caution should be used that where any Indians 
shall come in peaceably & no Hostilitys be offerd by them 
they should still be treated as Friends that so if possible 
peace may be preservd. And as you will probably have fur- 
ther Intelligence before this comes to your hands of the steps 
taken by the Indians & may hereafter receive Advices before 
they can reach me I must leave it in a great measure to your 
prudence to give Orders from time to time that reprizals may 
be made on all such Indians be they more or less as may 
attempt or evidently design to annoy us & that you cause 
men to be raised accordingly ; & at the same time to avoid 
all Hostilitys against such Indians as are willing to remain 
in peace & shall appear in a friendly manner. And that you 
may be the the better prepared in case of an Attack I think 
it convenient & it is my direction to you that you forthwith 
enlist the 50 Men for whom an Establishment has been made 
by the Court to attend me at the proposed Interview & that 
they be kept in constant readiness to march against any of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 159 

the Enemy who may come upon our Frontiers & if you have 
reason to suspect any partys to be lurking about with a 
design to annoy us I would have you employ the whole or 
any part of said Men to go in search of them & if possible 
intercept or destroy them. 

If you should receive any Intelligence which may look as 
if the Penobscots and Norridgewocks designd to attend the 
Interview at Georges & that our present suspicions are not 
well grounded you must be very careful that nothing be done 
to hinder them as I have great hopes that a War may be pre- 
vented if we can have a Meeting with them. 

Camb. July 15, 1751 

Letter, L l Gov. Phips to Col. Ez kl Gushing 

Boston July 23, 1751 
Sir 

I have directed Cpt. Lithgow to have his Garrison recruited 
with ten Men ; And lest he should not be able to enlist them, 
I have informed him that I would give you orders to raise 
them, and therefore I hereby direct & impower you to raise 
ten Men for Recruiting the Garrison at Richmond Fort or so 
many as Cpt. Lithgow shall want to make up that Number. 

By my advices from Cpt. Lithgow I find things on your 
Frontier to be in a very dangerous State ; And therefore I 
must repeat my Orders to you that you do every thing neces- 
sary for the Protection of the Inhabitants & repelling & pur- 
suing any Indians that may assault them. Sir W m Pepperil 
complains that Care is not taken to have some of the West- 
ern Parts of the Co. of York that ly exposed advertised of 
the Appearance of an Enemy in the more Eastern Parts You 
will therefore take Care that Intelligence be given to all 
exposed Places. 

Coll Ezekiel Cushing. 



160 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter, L l Grov. Phips to Capt. Jabez Bradbury 

Boston July 23, 1751. 
Sir, 

I wrote to you the 16 th Instant & sent you a Copy of a 
Letter I had rec d from Cpt. Lithgow. Since that I have 
rec d your Letter of the 12 th Instant with one from the Penob- 
scot Jesuit written at the Desire of the Indians of that Tribes ; 
which represent the pacifick Spirit of the Penobscot Indians. 
This morning I rec d an other Letter from Cpt. Lithgow giv- 
ing an Ace 1 of Mischiefs done by a great Number of the 
Indians, & probably divers of the Norridgewocks. 

These different Acc ts of things from those several Quarters 
& differ* Behaviour of the Indians appear very hard to be 
reconciled. I have therefore thought it necessary to send 
Cpt. Saunders to S* Georges & Richmond that I may have 
as early Intelligence of Affairs as may be in some Hopes that 
the Norridgewocks upon Consultation with the Penobscot 
Men may be brought over to their Sentiments. You must 
send me the fullest Accounts of these Affairs you can possi- 
bly obtain & particularly of the time the Indians may agree 
upon for the Treaty if they keep staunch to their Resolutions 
for Peace ; It must be considered that these late Managem ts 
of the Indians have necessarily set back our Preparations for 
the Treaty ; Besides you must inform the Indians that L* 
Gov r Mascarene will appear there in behalf of the Province 
of Nova Scotia. Give as quick a Dispatch to Cpt. Saunders 
as may be. 

Cap* Jabez Bradbury 

Letter, Lt. Gov. Phips to Capt. W m Lithgow 
Sir, 

I have rec d your Letter of the 9 th & 15 th Inst* & am sorry 
to find we have so much reason to fear that the Norridgewock 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 161 

are in Confederacy with those of S k Francois : My last Advices 
from Cpt. Bradbury gave me considerable Encouragem 1 to 
hope that the Storm might blow over. In the mean time it 
seems very difficult to reconcile the different Conduct of the 
Penobscot & Norridgewock Indians as you will see by Cpt. 
Bradburys & the Jesuits Letters Copies of w ch you have 
herewith inclosed. 

I have considered the small Number of your Garrison & 
the Difficulty of y re Duty as you have represented it & 
accordingly direct & impower you to enlist Ten Men for the 
Reinforcem 1, of y re Garrison, and shall write to Coll. Cushing 
to give you any assistance necessary for raising the Men. 

I trust in your Faithfulness & Prudence for the right 
Managem* of affairs in this difficult Situation. You will let 
me have Advices from time to time of every thing of moment 
that may occur. I shall send Cpt. Saunders imediately to S l 
Georges River to have further Intelligence of the Disposition 
of the French Indians & I shall order Cpt. Bradbury to 
advise you of w* may be necessary you sh d know relating 
thereto for regulating your further Conduct. 

Y r Friend & Servant 

S. Phips 

P. S. You must acquaint me in your next what Treaty 
or Copy of a Treaty was brought into your Fort & deliv d up 
& by what Indian. 

Cap* W m Lithgow 

Letter, John Q-atchel to Col. Ezkl Cushing July 25, 1751. 

Hon d S r / 

This is to acquaint you that yesterday a number of Indians 
attacked some of our people as they were mowing : & Carried 
Seven Into Captivity viz : Edmund Hinkley Isaac Hinkley 
Gideon Hinkley Sam 11 Lumbers : Sam 11 Whitney & his Son 

ll 



162 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Sam 11 Hezekiah Purrenton & 1 : there Goeing of : killed & 
wounded upwards of twentey Cattle, and Carried of upwards 
of four Cattle We Judge there Number to be Betwixt 
twentey & Thirtey: We are In A Distressed Condition & 
without we Are Speedily Helped Are afraid must Abandon 
Our Settlement, this Is the Substance from Y r Hum. Serv* 

John Gatchel 
Brans* July 25 th 1751 

P: S: these above mentioned persons all belonged to that 
part of the town Called New Meadows. 

Letter, Enoch Freeman to Lt Gov. Phips 

Falmouth July 26 th 1751 
Sir, 

The moment Coll Cushing Sent me the Inclosed, and as 
he was not well, desir'd me to Express it to your Honour, 
which I have done by one M r Daniel Tucker - 

It is needless to represent to your Honour the Distress 
and Difficulty of our Frontiers, as I am Sure your Honour, 
can not be insensible of it — and indeed as we hear an Acco 1 
is lately carry'd to Your Honour of the Peaceable Disposition 
of the Indians, we Apprehend it wou'd be fruitless, so only 
in Duty Bound, Send the Inclos'd Letter from Cap* John 
Gatchel of Brunswick to Coll Cushing - 

I am Sir Your Honours Most Dutifull & Obed* hum 1 Serv* 

Enoch Freeman 

Letter, Jacob Wendell to Hon. Jbsiah Willard 

Albany July 26 th 1751 
M r Secretary 

S r Agreable to the desire of Brigadeer Dwight & Coll 

Partridge I have waited here untill the return of Cap* Van 

Shaial & M r Abeel from Crown Point, which was yesterday 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 163 

in the afternoon with Tenn Prisoners att the eastward in our 
Province Viz* Lazarus Noble with his wife and four Children 
w" 1 Jabez Chub and Ann Holmas all taken from Swann Island 
near Richmond, and William Ross and his Sonn John taken 
at Sheepscutt, with one Scotch woman, these were all that 
were att Crowne Point Two Children more of Lazarus Nobles 
Were expected there dayly as they Tell me but were not 
come, when they came from thence, So could not Stay for 
them we were Oblidged to send five hundred Dollars to Pay 
for these Tenn and John Martin redemption from the Indians 
& Clothing before they would Suffer these to come away 
which mony I have been Oblidged to borrow there, and also 
the Charge of Sending Twice and bringing them from Crowne 
Point here ) I have this day been Providing them with Shoes 
&c a necessary for them and having rested here a little, have 
agreed to send them early in the morning in a Battoe about 
Thirty Myles down y e River to a Place Called Claverack, 
and from thence to be Carryed in a waggen to Sheffield 
where have given them a letter to David Ingersoll Esq r & 
Cap' Ashly &c a to gett horses for the woman, and Children 
to carry them to Westfield, where „ have given them a letter 
to the Justices & Military officers to Send them forward to 
Brigadeer Dwight, who will forward their goeing to Boston 
& There I have directed them to Apply to Yourself for 
assistance to be Sent to their respective Places of Abode, 
they have Signed the Promisary note the Commissioners sent 
by Cap 1 Van Shayel for them to Sign at Crowne Point, and 
they seem to be Truely Thankfull for their Deliverance out 
of Captivity. I Purpose now the begining of next week to 
Sett out for Boston Through Connecticut, and hope to be at 
home the week after next, with due respects to His Honnour 
the Liev* Governour and the Council I remain Thier And 
Hon ble S r / Your most Humble Servant 

Jacob Wendell 



164 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

P : S : wee gott Two Belts made here, and thinking they 
may be wanted to Send to the Eastward have Sent them by 
M r Noble to Deliver to Your Self 

Hon ble Josiah Willard Esq r 

[ Superscribed ] 

To The Honourable Josiah Willard Esq r 

Secretary of the Province of The Massachusetts Bay 

att Boston 



Letter, John North to L l Gov. Phips 

Fort Frederick July 30 th 1751 
May it Please y r Hon 1 

The Last Evening Capt n Sanders Put in here for a Har- 
bour, Who Informs that the Indians on Last Thursday took 
seven Men & Kill'd A Number of Cattle at New meadows ; 
Last Saturday and Sabbath We heard severall Allarms, But 
Cant Give An Ace 4, of What Mischeif Done — 

On the 21 Bt Ins* I rec d An Express from y r Hon r for Capt n 
Bradbury, it happen'd there was a Shoop Bound to Broad 
bay in our Harbour, Otherwise I should be Oblidged To Hire 
Men & Boat ; As I was the Last Time I sent your Hon™ 
Letters to Georges. 

Therefore I Beg Leave To offer to your Hon" More 
Decerning Judgment, the necessity of Sending or Ordering a 
Good Boat & Oars ; & Men so that I May be Enabled to 
Discharge that Duty, y r Hon r Was Pleased to Confer on Me ; 
As Becomes a Soildeir — 

If your Hon r Thinks proper to Add to our Number I shall 
be Exceedingly Obliged to y r Hon r to send Western Men; 
for Our Inhabitants here has so much planting Lumbering & 
Stock to provide Hay for, they Cant Attend their Duty, I 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 165 

send y r Hon" Table by Cap 1 Sanders & Beg Leave to Sub- 
scribe Your Hon" Most Hum 16 & Dutyfull Serv* 

John North 



Letter, Sir W m Pepperrell to L % Gov. Phips Aug. 6, 1751. 

Sir 

I have received your Hon" favour of y e 31. of last month 
wherein I am directed to Enlist fifty Able bodied Men out of 
the Regiment under my Command and to send them to Fal- 
mouth, to be under the Direction of Col Ezek 1 Cushing — 
upon Sight of w cb I sent for Cap 1 John Harmon who I think 
to be a good officer and directed him to Enlist y e said men I 
Likewise wrote to all y e Cap* 8 in this Regiment to assist him 
& hope yo r orders will soon be comply'd with, altho Men in 
this part of the County are Very Scarce by reason that maney 
was Lost at Louisbourg, Meanus & going there, and the last 
year when there was an impress here Several young men 
run out of this part of the County to New Hampshire & 
there continue. I am of opinion that several parts in this 
Regiment ly's as much exposed to the Indians as the other 
doth. I should be glad to know what must be don if the 
Men will not Enlist. 

your Commands Shall be Obey d by 

Sir your Hon" Most Obed* Humble Servant 
Kittery August 6 th 1751 W m Pepperrell 

His Hon r Lieu* Gov 1 Phips 

[ Superscribed ] 

On His Majestys Service 2/6 

To the Honourable Leiu* Gov 1 Phips Commander in Chief of 

His Majes ty8 Province of the Massachusets Bay 

att Cambridge 



166 DOCUMENTARY. HISTORY 

Letter, Josiah Willard to Col. Israel Williams 

Boston Aug. 9, 1751. 
Sir, 

I am directed by the Lieut. Gov r & Council to inform you 
that after all the solemn Professions of the Penobscot Indians 
to maintain the Peace, & their great Desires to meet the 
Lieut. Gov 1 at S* Georges & attend the proposed Treaty 
there, for confirming the same. This morning we have cer- 
tain Advices from Opt. Bradbury that a considerable number 
of the Penobscot Indians had joined with those of S e Francois, 
& that in a Day or two they would set upon the English 
inhabiting on S* Georges River. This Advice I am Ordered 
to send you & to desire that you would in the most suitable 
manner apprize the Inhabitants above you & other Places 
about you that may ly exposed to an Enemy, of this State of 
affairs, that so they may provide for their Defence ; & par- 
ticularly that you would give Intelligence of these Matters 
to the several Garrisons at Number Four, Fort Dummer & 
Fort Massachusets, or else where in y re Neighbourhood there 
may be any Soldiers in the Pay of the Province. 
I am Sir your very humble Serv 1 

J Willard 
Col Israel Williams 



Answer to Petition of Third Parish In Kittery. Sept. 25, 1751. 

To the Hon Dle Spencer Phips Esq r Lieutenant Governour 
and Commander in Chief in & over, His Majestys 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New England, 
and to the Hon ble His Majestys Council and the Hon ble 
House of Representatives for said Province in General 
Court assembled. - 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 167 

The first or Lower Parish of Kittery having been served 
by Order of the Great & General Court with the Copy of a 
Petition & Remonstrance of the third Parish in said Town 
which said Parish have preferred to your Honours bearing 
Date y e 4 th April 1751, And the said first Parish having also 
been ordered by your Honours to shew Cause why the 
Prayer of s d Petition should not be granted, In Obedience to 
the same beg Leave to observe. 

That in the Year of our Lord 1660 before Berwick was 
taken off from Kittery and erected into a Township, the said 
Town of Kittery was divided into three parts, and in about 
nine years after, the s d Town of Kittery made a Grant of 150 
Acres of Land to each Division for the use & Service of the 
Ministry for ever, And that in Process of time when the 
lower Division came to lay out their Grant of said 150 
Acres It so happened that it interfered with other Grants 
that were laid out prior to this, by w ch means there is left 
remaining of said 150 Acres but about 80 Acres, which is 
all that the now first Parish of Kittery can claim or do 
possess in virtue of s d Grant : and which, at the Settlement 
of our Senior Pastor the Rev d M r Newmarch, was voted to 
him " during his Ability to Preach and no longer, and after- 
" wards to succeed to the Minister that should be next called 
" & settled in his Room. " as by a Vote of the old Parish 
may fully appear. In which Vote the Petitioners were as 
active as ourselves & they can by no means pretend y l y e 
Minister they claim it for is M r Newmarches Successor. 
Accordinly when we proceeded to settle the Rev d M r Stevens, 
the s d Land was taken into Possession by him not in a pre- 
posterous & clandestine Manner as the s d third Parish 
unjustly alledge ; But after several publick Meetings legally 
called & held, when among other things the Matter was fully 
considered & treated, and which gave opportunity for some 
of the Leading Men of the third Parish to give their Attend- 



168 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ance, which they accordingly did, & consequently the third 
Parish had notice enough of our Proceedings. But we beg 
further to observe to your honours, that if the s d third Parish 
Had remained with us, they might have enjoyed not only 
the said 80 Acres of Land but every other Benefit & Privi- 
lege in common with us. But such was their Disposition 
for many years past that nothing would content them but a 
new Parish for which they used any Methods that they 
thought likely to accomplish their End & having long kept 
us in very unhappy Circumstances harrassing of us by num- 
berless Meetings at all Seasons of the Year to the great 
Damage of the Inhabitants in general, and to the great 
hindrance of the Success of the Gospell among us, and being 
left without any Prospect of reistablishing the publick Wor- 
ship of God which by their Counter-acting us in all our 
proceedings for obtaining help, was for a long time most 
shamefully neglected. 

We were obliged to come into an Agreement with them 
for dividing the then lower Parish of Kittery into two 
seperate Parishes, and it was voted to be done by five Men 
chosen for that Purpose in the following Manner viz 1 " the 
" whole Soil of the lower Parish of Kittery to be divided 
" into two equal Halfes for Quantity & Quality " which Vote 
being given to the said Referees as the sole Rule of their 
Conduct, we fully expected that a due Regard would be paid 
to it, But from an undue Influence that some of the Inhabi- 
tants of the third Parish had upon some of the Referees, or 
rather from their very greatly mistaking ( as we humbly con- 
ceive ) the natural & intended meaning of the Words, their 
Report was given very greatly to the Prejudice of the l 8t or 
lower Parish, which however for peace sake we acquiesced 
in, in hopes that the small Pittance or Scantling allotted us 
the ancient and Mother Parish might have been enjoyed by 
us with all its Privileges & Immunities as free from Molles- 



OF THE STATE OF MAHSTE 169 

tation as we thought our confined Bounds had secured us 
from their Envy, But herein we are disappointed, and as our 
last Resort humbly intreat your Honours will in your great 
Goodness Wisdom & Justice interpose on our Behalf & con- 
firm to us what we enjoy or grant us the favour of a Commit- 
tee of the Honourable Court to make a Division agreeable to 

the Vote of the Parish for that Purpose. But to proceed — 

The Petitioners will still appear more unreasonable if its 
consider'd that their Parish is capable of Enlargement and 
will undoubtedly have a large Augmentation of Families 
from the second Parish, there being many of them who live 
quite convenient to that Meeting House while they are at a 
much greater Distance from their own, Whereas the first 
Parish is bounded by the Sea & can expect no such advant- 
age. We are sorry that we have Occasion to take Notice of 
their most egregiously misrepresenting things to your Hon- 
ours, to instance in some only, They declare that they were 
obliged by a Major Vote of the Parish to pay their Pro- 
portion of purchasing a House lott for the Minister which is 
so far from the Truth, that it was purchased by a Subscrip- 
tion made by the Inhabitants dwelling in the present 
Confines of this Parish. The same we can truly assert con- 
cerning the building of two Meeting houses ( one of which 
was destroyed by Lightning) within about thirty Years, 
excepting what was given by two or three of the Inhabitants 
of the third Parish, or their Predecessors, for which they had 
Pews, and have sold them, so that they have had in Common 
with us, with only the Expence of a few Repairs, what 
brought an almost intolerable Burthen upon us. Some 
Years since the third Parish erected a Meeting house for 
their own Conveniency, to which some of the Inhabitants of 
this Parish handsomely contributed, as they did, for purchas- 
ing a Bell likewise, for it, without having so much as one 
Pew to reimburse any part of the Charge. Moreover there 



170 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

has for a long time been constant preaching in said Meeting 
house and the Expence thereof born by us in the same Pro- 
portion as M r Newmarches Sallary. Its true that one hun- 
dred Pounds was paid out of the common Stock towards the 
Building a house for the Minister, but the Residue of the 
Expence was discharged by Subscriptions among ourselves, 
& in which they had no part, there was a Little Barn raised 
& something more done to it at the Expence of the Parish 
but has never been finished to this Day the Burying Place 
also was in like manner walled, and they & their Ancestors 
have used it in common with us & ours, & they may still 
use it for themselves & Families. — When they please — The 
whole Charge of this was about <£40 Old Ten r We must 
acknowledge our Bell was once recast at the Expence of the 
old Parish, but that they were concerned in the Expence of 
purchasing the first Bell or recasting it when melted by the 
Lightning we must absolutely deny ( for half the First Bell 
was given by Coll Pepperrell deceased, and they that sub- 
scribed to build the Meeting House in the room of that 
which was destroyed by Lightning, paid for the other half ) 
And it will be as difficult for them to prove their paying a 
share of a thousand Pounds, in such ways as they assert in 
their Petition, as to clear themselves of the Imputation of 
being a very contentious People, to say no worse of them. 

On the whole considering that they & their Predecessors 
have had Meeting Houses built for them for near 100 Years 
without any considerable Charge to them, And the other 
Facts that have been & may be established, and especially 
considering that it was a kind of force Upon us that they 
were sett off and that it has been (if we are not very much 
mistaken ) almost an invariable Practice of the Great & 
General Court in Cases parallel to this to confirm to the 
Ancient or Mother Parish as well the Parsonage House & 
Land as the Meeting house itself. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 171 

We doubt not your Honours will consider their Petition 
as impertinent and Groundless as it is false & vexatious and 
accordingly dismiss it, Ordering your humble Respondents 
Cost. And as in Duty bound shall ever pray. 

W m Pepperrell 
Kittery Sept r 25 th 1751 



Petition. 

To the hon ble the L l Governour & Commander in chief the 
hon ble his Majestys Council & House of Representat es 
of the Prov of Mass a Bay in General Court assembled 
Octo r 2, 1751 — 
Humbly Shews Tho 8 Sanders Command 1 " of Sloop Massach 8 

That your Memorialst for divers years past has been em- 
ploy'd in the Service of the Province, upon an establishment 
of monthly wages for the Sloop as well as for himself & 
Company & made up the Rolls accordingly & expected 
upon all occasions to be at the call and under the direction 
of the Government, but it so happen'd that in month of July 
1750 an offer being made to carry Down to the several Forts 
& Garrisons & likewise to bring back from them all nec- 
essary Stores & Articles relating to the Trade with the 
Indians at a lower rate than the Establishment your Mem- 
orialist was upon ; rather than leave the Service of the 
Province in which he had been so long employ 'd he under- 
took to carry all necessary Supplys to & bring all necessary 
Articles from the Garrisons aforesaid during the Term of 
one Year from the 4 th July 1750 & expected at any time 
when the Sloop was not wanted in whole or in part in the 
Service aforesaid, that the whole or part thereof might be 
improved for his own benefit, But on the 30 th day of August. 
1750 your Memorialist received Orders from his Honour the 



172 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

L* Governour to attend with his Sloop on his Majestys Ship 
Success the R l hon ble Lord Colvill Commander, along the 
Sea Coast as far as Penobscott, in which Service he continued 
19 days & afterwards your Memorialist receiv'd other Orders 
to attend the Indians at S* Georges & up to Boston in which 
Service he continued 21 days — Now as your Memorialist 
humbly conceives that he has fully comply'd with his 
engagem 18 to the Province to supply the several Forts & 
Garrisons as aforesaid & that the other services above 
mention'd have been performed over & above what he con- 
tracted to do, and he has thereby been deprived of the bene- 
fit he might otherwise have receiv'd from the Sloop during 
that Term of time ; — therefore prays that your Honours 
would allow him to make up his Roll for the 19 days & the 
21 days aforesaid, both for Wages & subsistance, he having 
purchas'd Provisions during that Term, both for himself & 
Company without any Charge to the Province — Or that he 
may be otherwise reliev'd as to your Wisdoms shall seem 
meet & as in Duty bound shall pray 

Thos Sanders 

In the House of Rep ves Oct 1 10 1761 

Read and Ordered that the Prayer of the Pet r be granted 
and the Pet r be allowed to make up a Muster roll for the 
forty Days mentioned accordingly. 

Sent up for concurrence T Hubbard Spk r 

In Council Oct r 11 1751 

Read and Concur'd J Willard Secry 

Consented to S Phips 



New Marblehead. 

To his Honour Spencer Phips Esq r Lieutenant Governer 
and Commander in Chief in and over his Majesties 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 173 

Province of the Massachusets Bay The Hon ble his Maj- 
esties Council & Hon ble House of Representatives of s d 
Province in General Court assembled at Boston the 27 th 
day of March 1751 
Whereas this Hon We Court have Directed the Several 
Clerks of the Townships lately Granted To Deposit into the 
Secretarys Office attested Copies under Oath of all the 
Original Grants together with a List of the Names of the 
Grantees and who have fulfilled the Conditions of their 
Grants 

And whereas I the Subscriber am at present Clerk to the 
Grantees or Proprietors of a Township Granted to Sixty of 
the Inhabitants of Marblehead in the County of Essex, and 
laid out on the Back of the Towns of Falmouth and North 
Yarmouth in the County of York (now commonly Called 
New Marblehead ) I hereby Humbly Informe your Hon™ 
That in Obedience to Your Orders Did lay before this Hon ble 
Court an attested Copy ( being under Oath as Clerk ) of the 
Original Grant with the Names of the Grantees, on the Second 
friday of the last May Sessions. 

But at Present I cannot attest who have fulfilled the Con- 
ditions of the Grant. By Reason of the great distance of s d 
Township from the place where I Dwell and the Danger of 
going to s d Township, when the Indians are Lurking about 
and last fall carried away ( or killed ) a young man from s d 
Township and since the late Orders of this Hon ble Court, it 
being a Dificult Season of the Year, and I being advanced in 
Age to above Sixty Years Humbly Begg That this Hon ble 
Court would Excuse me at present And not impute my 
Omission as don in Contempt to your Hon rs for I always 
have, and Ever shall, count it my Duty to Obey your Orders, 
and shall count it a great unhappiness to Incur your Dis- 
pleasure But if the Grantees at their next Annual meeting 
See meet to Chuse me for their Clerk ( the year Ensueing ) 



174 DOCUMENT AEY HISTORY 

and my Abilities and Oppertunity permitt, I will go to Said 
Township and take an impartial Account of what is don on 
Each Home Lott and lay before this Hon ble Court ( at next 
may Sessions ( if Required ) an attested Account on Oath of 
Each Proprietor who have fulfilled the Conditions of their 
Grant. 

And am as in Duty Your Hon rs most Hu ble & Obedient 
Serv 1 Will m Goodwin 



Second Parish in Falmouth. 

Anno Regni Regis Georgii Secundi Vicesimo Quarto. ~ 

An Act for Erecting a new Town within the County of 
York by the Name of 

Whereas the second Parish ( so called ) in the Town of 
Falmouth in the County of York, is competently fill'd with 
Inhabitants, who labour under very great difficultys by 
reason that they cannot attend upon the Publick Meetings 
of the Town without going some of 'em ten, and others 
fifteen Miles by Land, and for that they cannot keep a con- 
stant School among them, for want of which their Children 
greatly suffer in their Education, tho' they pay their propor- 
tionable part of the Charge of maintaining a Grammer 
School in the other part of the Town and would be glad now 
wholly to maintain a Schoolmaster if they could be Sett off 
as a Town by themselves, and having thereupon made 
application to this Court, that they may be Sett off a Distinct 
and Seperate Town, & be Vested with all the Powers and 
Priviledges of a Town. - 

Be it therefore Enacted by the Lieutenant Governour, 
Council and Representatives, that the said Parish ( commonly 
called the Second Parish in Falmouth) be and hereby is 
Sett off and Constituted a Seperate Township by the Name 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 175 

of the same being on the South side of Four River 

so called in Falmouth, and runs up said River towards 
Stroutwater River until it comes within half a Mile of the 
mouth or Entrance of said Stroutwater River and then runs 
on a due West Course or Line across to Scarborough Line 
Containing about Ten Miles in length and five Miles in 
breadth. 

And that the Inhabitants of said Lands be and they 
hereby are Vested with the Powers Priveledges and Immun- 
ities that the Inhabitants of any of the Towns in this 
Province are or ought by Law to be Vested with ~ Provided 
also that they pay their part of the Repairs of the Great 
Bridge over the four River in the same Proportion as they 
pay to the Province Tax till the further Order of this 
Court. ~ 

In the House of Rep veB March 29 th 1751. 
Read a first time 

P. M. a Second and third time and pass'd to be Engross'd 
Sent up for concurrence T. Hubbard Spk r 

In Council April 2 1751 Read a first time, 

P M — Read a second time & Pass'd a Concurrence 

J Willard Secry 



Petition. 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay. 

To the Hon ble Spencer Phips Esq r Lieutenant Governour 
& Commander in chief ; To the Honorb le his Majestys 
Council & House of Representatives for said Province 
Humbly Sheweth 

The Memorial of the Proprietors of that Tract of Land 
lying on both sides of Kenebeck River which was granted to 
the late Colony of New Plymouth in their Charter. 



176 DOCUMEKTAHY HISTORY 

That your Memorialists are concerned in the Event of the 
Petition of the Settlers at Witchasset as the same is within 
the Limits of your Memorialists Patent and as your Memo- 
rialists are satisfyed that Erecting them into a District will 
serve the Interest of the Settlement, they beg leave to joyn 
with the Petitioners in praying this Hon 1 Court that the Set- 
tlement at Witchassett may be erected into a District and 
further your Memorialists would represent to your Honours 
that many other settlements are making & will soon be made 
in the Neighbourhood of Witchassett which will soon be 
under the same necessity of being formed into distinct Dis- 
tricts with proper Extent & Limitts And that if Witchasset 
should be made a District according to the Bounds proposed 
they will be Twenty Miles in Length on both sides a Navi- 
gable River which length & Situation your Memorialists 
humbly conceive will be not only inconvenient hereafter to 
the Petitioners but will be an impediment to the Regular & 
proper formation of other Towns & Districts in their Vicin- 
ity. Your Memorialists therefore humbly pray a Committe 
may be appointed to Enquire into the Situation & Circum- 
stances of the Lands thereabouts & Consider what Bounds 
will be proper for such District & that the same may be the 
Bounds by which the Petitioners may be incorporated and 
your Memorialists shall ever Pray 

David Jeffries Jacob Wendell 

Ja z Fox W m Brattle 

Cha Apthorp Thomas Hancock 

James Pitts Robert Temple 

E d Tyng Silv. Gardiner 

Joshua Winslow Will m Bowdoin 
Benj a Hallowell James Bowdoin 

John Jones 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 177 

Extract from D Gov r ' s Speech. May 28, 1752. 

" Agreeable to the desire of the two Houses the last year, 
I have sent Gentlemen to Canada, in order to obtain the 
release of those unhappy persons who were carried into cap- 
tivity, and I hope the negotiation will be managed with 
prudence and attended with success." 

"S Phips" 
"Concord Council Chamber May y e 28 th 1752" 



Phillipstown Petition " May 29, 1752:' 

To His Hon r Spencer Phipps Esq 1 L' Govern 1 & Com- 
mander in chief in and over His Majesty's Province of 
the Massachusetts Bay. 

The Hon ble His Majesty's Council & the Hon ble House of 
Representatives in Gener 1 Court Assembled May 27 th 1758- 

The Subscribers most humbly shew, That the Prop" of a 
Large Tract of Land Eight Miles Square situate at the 
Inland head of the Town of Wells commonly called by the 
Name of Phillips town beginning at a Small Pine Tree stand- 
ing upon the North Corner of said Wells Township & on the 
South West side of Kennebunk River upon the North End 
of a Rockey Hill which Tree is marked four sides thence 
South West by Wells bounds Eight Miles to a Pitch Pine 
Tree mark'd four Sides & with the Lett r N. upon the North 
side & being upon the West Side of a Marsh or Fresh 
Meadow called Merryland Meadows & runs from thence 
North West Eight Miles to a great Hemlock Tree marked on 
four Sides standing three Miles to the Northward of Bonne- 
beege Hills, thence North East Eight Miles to a Large White 
Oak Tree mark'd on four Sides & thence South East Eight 

12 



178 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Miles to the Pine Tree began at- in Ord r to bring forward 
the settlement thereof for a Township agreeable to the intent 
of Maj r William Phillips in his first Granting the same ) did 
Grant to Forty Persons One Hundred & Thirty Acres each 
being part of said Tract upon certain Conditions of their set- 
tling the same ) That there are now in consequence thereof 
some of our Families to the Numb 1 of more than Twenty 
settled upon the said Tract & upwards of 100 Souls most of 
whom thro' the Assistance & protection afforded them by 
this Province have stood it out all the last War without the 
loss of even so much as One Person to the great encouragem 1 
of not only your Petitioners but many others who frequently 
are coming to settle In the said place & building there which 
give hopeful prospects of a Flourishing settlement in a Few 
Years if still Suitably encouraged and would in process of 
Time not only be of service to the Neighbour Towns as a 
Barrier to them in Case of an Indian War but 'tis hop'd to 
the Province in General, That their Greatest Difficulties at 
present is their being under no proper regulation of an 
Incorporated Town or Precinct, so no pow r or Priviledge of 
Raising money and Obliging the Nonresident Settlers & 
Prop" to pay their proportion for the Support and Mainte- 
nance of the Gospel among them so necessary for the preven- 
tion of Irreligion & profaness as well as for the Edification of 
such as are Religious and well dispos'd And such other 
necessary changes ariseing in makeing & keeping in Repair 
necessary and convenient Highways &c 

Wherefore your Petitioners pray this Court to take the 
Premisses into consideration & of their wonted goodness & 
Parental care for such Infant Settlements Incorporate them 
into a Town or Precinct & Grant y m such Powers & Privi- 
ledges as have been usual for such ~ or Provide such other 
way & means for the effectual redress of their inconveniencies 
aforesaid And Incourage the s rt Settlem 1 as this Court in their 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 



179 



Wisdom shall Judge most fit & reasonable & Your Petitioners 
as in duty bound shall ever pray 



John Frost 

Moses Fowler 

Thomas Donnell 

Dan 1 Moulton 

John Stanyan 

John Garey 

Jeremiah Dunham N 

John Low Jonathan J 

Robert Miller John Urin 



James Chadbourn James Chadbourn Jun r 
John Chadbourn Joshua Chadbourn 
Jeremiah Moulton testo Eph Low 



Benja Holt 
Sam 11 Staples 
Joshua 



Jos : Simpson ju r 
Sam 11 Willson 
Jonathan 
Sam 11 Cane 
Edward Waterhouse 



Letter, L l Gov. Phips to Cajjt. Jabez Bradbury 



Concord June 5, 1752. 
Cpt. Jabez Bradbury 

I have received a Letter from Squadock the chief of the 
Penobscot Tribe, Requesting that I would appoint a Time 
for Meeting them at S l Georges ; I have taken the game into 
Consideration with the various Circumstances attending this 
affair; And forasmuch as I cann't understand that the Nor- 
ridgewock Tribe have come to any Resolution to attend with 
their Delegates at the proposed Treaty and the Small Pox 
being still rife in the Town of Boston, It cannot be conven- 
ient to meet the Indians till the Fall of the Year, when I 
hope all Hazzard of Carrying the infection among them will 
be over, and the Penobscot Indians will have further Oppor- 
tunity to bring in the Norridgewocks to the Treaty, without 
which there can be no Safety in a Treaty with the other 
Tribes : Therefore you will acquaint the Indians ; that as 
soon as they can firmly engage the Norridgewock Tribe to 



180 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

join them in this Treaty & let me be informed, I will appoint 
a Time in the Fall of the Year, to meet them either in Per- 
son ( if my Health & the Affairs of the Governm* will allow 
me) or by Gentlemen I shall Commissionate for this Service: 
And I expect that you punctually advise me of all Matters 
relating to this affair, as you have Occasion & Opportunity. 



Letter, Gov. Shirley, in London, to Sec ry Willard 

S* James's Street June 24, 1752 
Sir 

I take the first Opportunity of writing to you after my 
Arrival here from Paris. — The Negotiation in which his 
Majesty did me the honour to appoint me one of his Com- 
missarys is not yet brought to a Conclusion. — We have on 
our part set forth in a Memorial delivered to the French 
Commissarys in January 1750/1, the Proofs & Evidences of 
what we Claim to be the true ancient limits of Nova Scotia 
or Accadie in Consequence of the Treaty of Utrecht and 
endeavoured to support the Right of the Crown to that 
Country according to those Limits ; And in particular we 
have claimed all that Territory lying between the Rivers 
Kennebeck and Pentagoet commonly called Penobscot, 
bounded northerly by the River Canada, as being part of 
New England by ancient Original Right, and afterwards 
ceeded to us by France at the aforesaid Treaty, as what they 
pretended to be and called Part of Accadie ; insisting upon 
our Double Title to it by ancient Right and by Virtue of the 
Treaty. 

Some Months after the French Commissaries delivered to 
us a Mem° containing the pretensions of France to the Island 
S l Lucia one of the four Carribee Islands in dispute between 
the two Crowns. 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 181 

In October 1751 they likewise delivered us a Memorial 
of near 260 Pages an appendix of upwards of 100 the latter 
consisting of Copies of ancient Records and other Instru- 
ments, in answer to our Memorial upon the limits of Nova 
Scotia or Accadie. 

In this Memorial which abounds with Sophistry & Misrep- 
resentations, they have in particular cited out of Escarbots 
History of New France published about the Year 1616, Laets 
History of America called Novus Orbis &c printed in 1617, 
Champlains Voyages into New France published about 1631, 
and the Sieur Denys's Discription of the Coast of N° America 
printed between 1670 and 1680, many Independent Passages 
and Expressions and the Scope of the whole is to prove that 
Nova Scotia is " Un Nomen Air " an imaginary Country, the 
ancient Accadie as to its Sea Coast is Confined between Cape 
Sables and Cape Canceau, expressly excluding the Islands 
of Canceau ; and as to its Inland Limits they contend, it 
never had any settled ones ; that those are to be now 
assign'd by the Commissarys, but that they cant extend as 
far as Annapolis Royal, which they insist is not within 
Accadie. 

A few Weeks after the delivery of this Memorial we 
received from the Secretary of States Office our Answer 
to the French Memorial upon the Right of Possession to the 
Island of S ta Lucia, as it was settled by the Lords Commiss rB 
of Trade and delivered it to the French Commissarys. 

As to the French Memorial made in Answer to ours upon 
the Limits of Nova Scotia or Accadie, it consists of such a 
Variety of Arguments and pretentions, the Appendix to 
which it refers is so large, and a careful Perusal of every 
part of the four Authors, from whence the Citations are 
made, w ch is relative to the Points in dispute, was a work of 
such length, that a thorough Examination of the whole and 
digesting a proper Reply to it took me up several Months. 



182 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

I have since my Arrival here delivered it to Lord Hallifax, 
who has read it thoroughly, and laid it before the Board for 
their Settlement of it in which a Considerable progress is 
made, and I am perswaded it is there made to appear from 
the very Instruments and Authoritys, to which the french 
Commissaries appeal to prove the Contrary, that the Limits 
of Nova Scotia or Accadie extend from the River Pentagoet 
to the Southern Bank of the River S l Lawrence, and that 
the Country between Kennebeck and Pentagoet, as far 
back likewise as that River, appertains of ancient Right to 
the Crown as part of New England as it does also by the 
Treaty of Utrecht. 

The French Commissaries have assured me they are pre- 
paring a Reply to our Answer to their Memorial, setting forth 
their Pretensions to the Island of S ta Lucia, a Work in which 
if I mistake not the English Right to that Island they must 
find themselves gravelled. 

After these Replications are given in on both sides, it is to 
be hoped that things may be brought to a Conclusion, and 
that peremptory Terms on the part of His Majesty may be 
insisted upon. 

If it was proper to have sent you Copies of the Memorials 
& Papers whilst these Points are negotiating between the 
two Crowns, I should have done it; but must defer com- 
municating them untill my return to Boston, which I cant 
yet fix, being willing to continue here untill the Settlement 
of these Affairs, if Possible, as I hope my stay may be of 
Service to the Province in bringing them to an happy Issue, 
for which my best Endeavours shall not be wanting. 

You have not heard lately, I believe any mention made of 
Crown Point ; but I shall not cease representing to the Min- 
istry the necessity of the French Fort at that Place's being 
demolished, as well on Acco 1 of preventing the Defection of 
the Indians of the Six Nations to the French, of which there 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 183 

will be extream danger in case they shall be suffered to 
remain in Possession of it, as of many other Mischeivous 
Consequences of it to his Majestys Colonies in general in 
time of War. 

I informed you soon after my Arrival here that I had made 
application to the Duke of Bedford, then one of his Majestys 
Secretary s of State for other Copies of the Pictures of the 
Royal Family, which the Province lost when the Council 
Chamber was burnt, as also for Ordnance which were sent 
from Castle William upon the Expedition against Cape 
Breton and never returned, with his Grace's favourable 
answer, but my own Constant Employment in preparing the 
American Accounts of the Expences there incur'd in the late 
intended Expedition against Canada and daily attendance at 
the Board of Trade, his Grace's continual Engagements in 
Business, and his Majestys early departure in the Spring for 
his Germain Dominions hindered that Matter being effected 
before I went to Paris. 

I have since my return applyed to the Earl of Holderness 
who succeeds the Duke of Bedford in his late Department of 
the Secretarys Office and he has referred me to M r Pelham, 
with whom I shall now solicit the Affair. 

If you will let me know wherein I may in any other Points 
promote the service of the Province with his Majestys Min- 
istry here during my Stay, the Council and Assembly may 
depend on my most hearty endeavours for doing it. - Wher- 
ever I am that Object shall always employ my attention with 
a most affectionate Regard for their Welfare. 

I am with a real Esteem S r Y r most humble servant 

W Shirley 



184 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter to the Agent in England, 

Boston June 25, 1752. 
Sir 

I am directed by the Gen 1 Court of this Province " In 
" order to the obtaining a Reimbursm 1 of the Expence at Fort 
" Dummer & other Charges without the Line, now lying 
" before the R l hon ble the Lords Conim rs for Trade & Planta- 
tions for their Consideration, To write to you & inquire of 
"you into the State of that Affair, & to direct you to use 
"your Endeavours for obtaining a Reinibursm* of the s d 
" Charge, agreeable to the Acco ts exhibited, & also of the 
"further Expence on the Garrison at Fort Dummer, & other 
" Charges without the Line from the last Acco 1 to this time." 

You have been so far concerned in this Affair already, & 
so often solicited this Reimbursm 1 in the sev 1 offices of State, 
that it will be altogether unnecessary to give you a Detail of 
the Proceedings thereon as they have appeared to this Gov- 
ernm* by Advices from yourself & other Gentlemen concerned 
therein. 

However it may not be amiss to put you in mind of the 
firm Ground laid for our just Expectation of having a full 
Satisfaction of this Expence, from his Maj tys Royal Word & 
Promise as contained in his Order in Council to Gov r Shir- 
ley, pass'd the 6 th of Sep r 1744 ( a Copy of w cU I now send 
you to save you the Trouble of searching for it in the Coun- 
cil Office ) And it was only in Conformity to his Majesty's 
Pleasure therein signified, & a firm Reliance on the Inviola- 
bleness of his Royal Engagem 18 that this Province have A 
advanced such large Sums of Money for maintaining that 
Fort & paying & Subsisting the Garrison there,- B Other- 
wise the Fort had been slighted soon after the running of 
a new Line, which took it out of the Province of the Massa- 
chusetts Bay & included it within that of New Hampshire. B 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 185 

You may remember that upon the Board of Trade & Plan- 
tations sending Gov r Shirley a Copy of Gov r Wentworth's 
answer to the Memorial of our Gen 1 Assembly on this Sub- 
ject, with divers Votes & Orders of New Hampshire Gov- 
ernm 1 Gov r Shirley made a large Reply to the said Answer, 
& shewed the great & palpable Mistakes contained therein, 
made evident by divers Testimonies upon Oath ; And upon 
a full Consideration of this Matter ( as we are informed ) the 
Board of Trade & Plantations came to a Resolution to rep- 
resent to his Majesty the Justice of our Demands for a Reim- 
bursm* of our Charges aforementioned : But M r Tomlinson 
( as we have heard ) having private Notice of this Resolution 
before it was fully executed, obtained a Suspension thereof 
till he could convey to Gov r Wentworth a Copy of Gov r 
Shirleys Reply, & receive his Answer : Which was done ( as 
I remember ) near two years since, So that there can be no 
Pretence for any further delay ; and after all that may be 
alledged in favour of New Hampshire, this must be allowed 
as an irrefragable Argum 1 to support our Claim, that when 
the whole Case has been laid before his Majesty so long since, 
His Majesty's Pleasure has not yet been signified on this 
Affair till which time it was expected that this Governm 1 
should support Fort Dummer & the Garrison there upon the 
Encouragem 1 given in his Maj ty ' 8 Order in Council aforemen- 
tioned, as appears by the Words in the Close of said Order ; 
And therefore it is expected that you use your utmost 
Endeavours as soon as may be that this Affair may be deter- 
mined in favour of this Province, either that the Money 
expended may be repaid by the Province of New Hampshire 
(w ch it is highly propable their Gen 1 Assembly will never 
comply with) or upon Failure thereof that C a sufficient 
Quantity of Land in those Parts be assigned over to this 
Province according to his Maj tya Order in Council aforemen- 
tioned ; C and in D this Reimbursm* either of Money or E 



186 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Lands, It seems a Point of Justice not only to satisfy for the 
Charges hitherto incur'd, but likewise to provide for the con- 
stant and growing Charge for time to come. 

The commissary General will send you the Acco ts of the 
Expence arisen upon the Matter, since the making up of the 
last Acco 1 now lying before the Board of Trade & Planta- 
tions, where I presume all the other Papers in the Case are 
now lodged. 

If Gov r Shirley should be now in England, It might be of 
great Service for facilitating this Business to have his Inter- 
position & Assistance in the Affair, or if he be still in France 
to have his Letters to the Right hon ble the Lords Commiss 18 
( especially considering the Weight that has been & will be 
laid upon his former Representations of the State of this 
Matter ) which I beleive he is very willing to support ; and 
you may soon obtain such Letters from him. 

You will be able to make the best Judgment which will be 
most expedient whether to solicit the Paym* of the Charges 
at Fort Dummer & the other Charges of defending the 
Frontiers of New Hampshire separately or conjunctly. 

continued to advance ) i. e. in place of A 
Dele ) i. e. leave out B.B. 

Such an alteration may be made in the new established 
Line as that the People of this Province may not for the 
future be held to defend the Lands of New Hampshire. 
D in case of a. i.e. substitute "these words" in place of "this" 
E Dele. i.e. leave out "either of Money or Lands." 



Letter, L Gov. Phips to the Board of Trade, June 27, 1752. 

My Lords, 

In Pursuance of his Majestys Instructions to me as Com- 
mander in Chief of this Province That in all Matters where 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 187 

in His Majestys Service & the Advantage of this Province 
may be concerned, I should make direct and immediate 
Applications to your Lordships & In Compliance with the 
Desire of the Council & House of Represent™ 55 of this Prov- 
ince, That I would represent to your Lordships the State of 
the Affair referring to the Support of Fort Dummer & the 
Garrison there, & the just Claim this Province has to a Reim- 
bursem 1 of the Charges they have been at therein ; I now 
make my Applications to y re L dship9 on this Affair and I would 
accordingly inform your Lordships that by reason of the run- 
ning the Line or Boundary between this Province & the 
Province of New Hampshire Agreable to his Majestys Order 
in Council for that purpose & the LaDd whereon Fort Dum- 
mer stood having thereby been taken into the s d Province of 
New Hampsh. Govern r Shirley at the beginning of y e French 
War apprehending that this Province would no longer main- 
tain a Fort removed out of their own Jurisdiction, repre- 
sented to his Majesty the great Importance of that Fort ( by 
means of its Situation ) for the Safety & Preservation of his 
Majestys Colonys in New England for Annoying our Ene- 
mies on our Western Borders ; Whereupon by his Majestys 
Order in Council pass'd the 6 th of Septem r 1744 it was deter- 
mined that the Governm 1 of New Hampshire sh d maintain 
the said Fort & Garrison, & the Govern 1 of said Province 
was directed forthwith " to move the Assembly there to make 
a proper Provision for that Service, & that upon their Refusal 
His Majesty would find himself under a Necessity of restor- 
ing the said Fort to the Massach t8 with a proper District con- 
tiguous thereto ; " And in the same Order " Govern 1, Shirley 
was required to represent to the Assembly of this Province 
the Necessity of Continuing to provide for the Security of 
Fort Dummer until a final Answer can be obtained from New 
Hampshire & his majestys Pleasure further signified thereon." 
Upon Gov r Shirleys receiving his Majestys Order, ( suppos- 



188 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ing Governor Wentworth had a Duplicate thereof ) wrote to 
him to inform him that upon the Governm* of New Hanip- 
shires Compliance therewith & his Excys having a Garrison 
ready to take Possession of Fort Dummer he would Order 
the Commander there to deliver it up to the Commanding 
Officer of such Garrison & at the same time sent orders to 
his own Officer to deliver up the said Fort accordingly, But 
afterwards Perceiving by the Votes of the Assembly of the 
Province of New Hampshire that they peremptorily refused 
to make any Provision for the Support of Fort Dummer & 
being inform'd that was done of y* Nature was in a private 
way he immediately sent Orders to the Commander of the 
said Fort to countermand the first Orders ; And upon a 
more careful Inspection of his Majestys Orders aforesaid, he 
observed that it was therein recommended to this Governm 1 
to provide for the Security of that Fort till his Majestys fur- 
ther Pleasure be signified thereon. 

In the year 174 the General Assembly of this Province 
Address'd his Majesty to give Orders that this Province may 
be reimbursed their Charge in supporting said Fort according 
to his Royal Pleasure signified as above. 

In the Year 1743, the Right Hon ble the L ds Commiss" for 
Trade & Plantations transmitted to Gov 1 Shirley, Gov 1 Went- 
worths Answer to the Claims of this Governm*, for Reim- 
bursem* for his Reply thereto, Upon examining of which 
Govern 1 Shirley observed that the whole was founded upon 
evident Mistakes in respect to the Facts therein recited very 
injuriously to this Province & no way consistent with the 
true State of Things ; and that the Provision afterwards 
made by New Hampshire Assembly was for a short Term, & 
the Pay & Subsistence allowed for that term so low that it 
was in a manner impossible to get one single Man to enlist 
upon those Conditions ; so that the Consequence of deliver- 
ing the Fort to New Hampshire would have been the slight- 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 189 

ing or ungarrisoning of it either immediately or after a very 
short term & his Majestys Order would have been wholly 
frustrated. 

I cannot help observing to your Lordships that besides this 
Garrison at Fort Dummer this Province during the War not 
only Posted men from time to time in the settled Towns of 
New Hampshire near the head of Merrimack River upon the 
Representation of the Inhabitants that they were neglected 
by that Government and must forsake their Settlements, and 
also kept Forces to scout from Connecticut to Merrimack 
River but have likewise maintained a considerable Garrison 
at a Fort called No. 4 which lyes about 40 Miles above Fort 
Dummer on Connecticut River and is the nearest Fort or 
perhaps settlement to Crown Point of any in his Majesty's 
Dominions and is of such importance that the Assembly of 
this Province have been prevailed on to subsist a Small num- 
ber of Men there after the War ceased until this day but I 
am doubtful whether by and by they will not think much of 
this Charge and the Fort be deserted and if the French in 
such case should take possession of it they would afterwards 
have as good reason to maintain this possession as they now 
have that of Crown Point which thirty years ago was sup- 
posed to be and undoubtedly was part of his Majestys terri- 
tories & included within the Charter of this Province as much 
as No. 4 was at that time or is now within the bounds of 
New Hampshire. 

It was certainly a good projection of the Government of 
this Province several years before the alteration of the boun- 
dary to settle to Lines or Rows of Towns of 6 miles square 
each between Merrimack & Connecticut River which great 
Numbers of particular persons had Grants of on Condition 
of settlement and in every Township more or less was done 
towards a settlement & the Proprietors were at considerable 
Expence but after the alteration of the Province line notwith- 



190 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

standing the Provision made in the Order of Council for mak- 
ing out the Commission for the determination of said Line 
that private property should not be affected the Grantees of 
this Government were threatned molested & sued by the peo- 
ple of New Hampshire & discouraged from going on with 
their settlements ( though in some of them they had houses 
and Mills and an House for Publick Worship) until the 
French War broke out when they were entirely deserted. In 
some few of these and other Townships under the like Cir- 
cumstances the Grantees from this Government after the 
Peace repossess'd themselves of their Settlements & hold 
them but the greatest part of the Lands have been canton'd 
out by New Hampshire & persons lay claim to them under a 
title from that Government, yet there is not the least proba- 
bility of any settlement and the only use at present is for 
persons to Land jobb if I may be allowed the Expression and 
in future time nothing but Contention about Title must be 
the Consequence while the main End and design viz. the 
Settlement of the Country & fortifying the Frontier against 
our overreaching & most dangerous Enemies are wholly 
neglected. 



Letter, Mons r Longiicil to IS Gov. Phips. 

Mountreal July 25 1752 
S r 

As Commander in chief of Canada, by the Death of Mons r 
the Marquis de la Jonquiere I have the Honour to answer 
your Excellency's Letter to that General of y e 14 of April 
last. 

The respective Orders given by Kings of France, & of 
Great Britain, for the mutual Exchange of Prisonners had 
their Effect in the year 1750, and M r Stouder your Deputy 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 191 

from the Government of New York, returnd with all the 
English Prisonners which were in this Government since the 
War, An Account of which the late Marquis de la Jonquiere 
sent to the Court of France. 

Tho' these Exchanges were entirely finished, and the Sieur 
Stouder had given it under his hand in writing, Nevertheless 
I have had the Pleasure to receive Messieurs Phineas Stevens 
and Nathanael Wheelwright, commissioned by your Excel- 
lency for the Release of the same Prisonners. 

You will see, S r , by the annex'd Declaration that they have 
had an intire freedom of Searching for such, and that they 
have been Supported by my Authority to obtain such as are 
in this Colony in the Hands of the Indians, or of the French 
who had ransom'd them. They bring back nine with them 
and as to those who remain behind you will see by the afore- 
said Declaration, the Reasons, which prevented these Gentle- 
men the Deputys from bringing them away. 

This is very certain, that not one English Prisonner taken 
by the French during the War, remains in the Colony ; They 
were all sent away in 1750 as I have just had the honour to 
observe to your Excellency. They were all very well treated 
during their Abode in this Country, and upon their Release 
no Ransom was demanded. 

The Prisonners in Question at present, were not taken by 
the French, but by the Indians since the War And if the 
Persuasions of the late Marquis de la Jonquiere, and mine 
could have made any Impressions upon these, they never 
would have proceeded to have taken these Prisonners what- 
ever Grounds they may pretend to have for it : or at least 
they would not have hesitated about setting them at Liberty. 
But you know S r the Indians of Canada, as those every where 
besides, are intirely free, and will not be accountable for their 
Actions to any one ; accordingly it was not in my Power to 
make them restore the English whom they had adopted in 



192 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

their Villages. Those whom your Deputys bring away with 
them, would probably have undergone the same Lot, If some 
Frenchmen out of Humanity had not got them out of the 
Hands of the Indians, by paying a Ransom which your Dep- 
utys have repay'd, as they justly ought when they were 
acquainted with the state of the Case. 

There is no Indian a Prisonner in this Colony. I never 
knew there were any Indians, subject to the English Govern- 
ment. This were a wonderful Novelty, with which the 
French never dare flatter themselves. The Indians of this 
Colony owning no Authority and having no other Laws but 
their Passion or Caprice. 

The Abenakes of S* Francis have spoke to M r Stevens 
your Deputy in a manner that leaves no Room for Doubt in 
this Respect. I had no Part in their Words, I was only a 
Witness : And have to please the Gentlemen your Deputys, 
caus'd their Speech to be copied, and a Copy given them, 
attested by me. If you are inclined S r to Answer it, you 
may direct it to me, and I will see that it comes to the Hands 
of the said Abenakes. 

I beg your Excellency would be persuaded, that so long as 
I shall have the Government in this Country and at all other 
Times, I shall continually do my utmost to promote that 
good Intelligence which ought to be maintain'd between us, 
and to convince you that I am with all Respect 

S r your most humble and most Obedient Serv* 

Longueil 
S : Phips Esq 1 L nt Governour & 
Comm r in Chief at Boston. 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 193 

Petition. 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay 

To the Honourable Spencer Phips Esq r Lieutenant Gov- 
ernour and Commander in Chief in and over s d Province 
To the Hon ble his Majesty's County for the same & the 
Honourable House of Representatives 

Humbly Shew 

The Proprietors of that Tract of Land lying on Both sides 
of Kennebeck River which was granted to the late Colony of 
New Plymouth in their Charter & afterwards by that Colony 
granted to Antipas Boys & others Together with Sundry of 
the Principal Settlers & Residents within the Limits of said 
Tract 

That the Inhabitants of said Tract had formerly the Privi- 
lege of holding a Court within that District & were vested 
with a peculiar Jurisdiction of matters arising among them 
in Subordination to the Government of the late Colony of 
New Plymouth that of Later Times the Courts of Justice 
held in and for the County of York have exercised Juris- 
diction not only over your Petitioners Tract afor d but 
also over all Lands lying to the Eastward thereof to 
the utmost Limits of this Province Eastward but how or 
by what Law they became possessed of that Jurisdic- 
tion Your Petitioners could never yet be able to Discover 
That the great Distance that Suitors, Witnesses & Jurors 
have to Travel from said Tract to York together with the 
Badness & Danger of the Roads thither are a great Difficulty 
and Burden to your Petitioners the Settlers on said Tract 
which together with the perplexity arising from the Doubt- 
fullness of such Courts Jurisdiction over them and Danger 
that the Judgements obtained in such Courts in Local 
Actions arising among them may some time or other be 
called in Question and Reversed are a great Discouragement 

13 



194 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



to your Petitioners in their Settlement and that it would 
very much Facilitate and Promote the further peopling and 
Improving said Tract and Render the Expensive Efforts of 
Your Petitioners the Proprietors to Settle the same more suc- 
cessful if said District was erected into a Distinct County 
Your Petitioners therefore pray your Honour and the Hon- 
ourable Houses would please to take the premises into your 
wise Consideration, and make your Petitioners Tract afor d a 
Distinct and Seperate County with the usual Privileges and 
Jurisdictions of a County or otherwise relieve Your Peti- 
tioners upon the premises as Your Wisdom Shall Direct and 
Your Pet r8 &c 

John Jones Jacob Wendell 

Edward Winslow Jonathan Fox 
Edw d Tyng Cha Apthorp 

Thomas Hancock Gershom Flagg 



John Goodwin 
Rich d Foster 
John Tufts 
Benj a Pollard 

David Jeffries 

Thomas Walley 

Joseph Dowse 
Alex Campbell 
John Winslow 



Will m Bowdoin 
Ja z Fox 
James Pitts 
William Taylor 

his 

W m C Corns 

mark 

Patt Drumond 



James Bowdoin 
W m Brattle 
Nathaniel Thwing 
Robert Temple 
Samuel Goodwin 
Silv. Gardiner 
Jonathan Reed 
Thomas frost 

Eleazer Harlow 

his 

George GM McGlotton 

mark 

Isaac Foster 



Thomas Williams 
Joseph Winslow 
Sam 11 Hinkley 
James Thompson 32 Habijah Weld 

Settlers 

James Grace Nathanel Berry 

Nath 11 Larrabee John Wright 

his 

Joseph U Buber George Harward 

mark his mark 

William Vincent Michael X Thornton Joseph Lankester 

bis mark 

John O Oliver Shubel Hinkley Ephraim O 

mark 

William Reed Alexander Cannbell Junr John Snell 



William Bryen 
Samuel Towle 
Ebenezer Hinkley 

James Cunningham 
David D uning 

his 

Martyn N Hayley 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



195 



Jacob 

James Howard 
William C 
Moses Waymoth 
Micheal Malcom 

his 

James W Young 

mark 26 

Philip Call Jun r 
John M c farland 



John Spaulding 

E 

Samuel Howard 

Joseph Peirce 

Da Joy 

Philip Call 

Patreck Rodgers 

bis 



Daniel Savage 
John Howard 
William Stinson 
S Wh 
Allen Malcom 17 

David 

Thomas Parker 



John John Hein Harring 

mark 

John M c farland Jun r Thomas Means 



JohnLarmond 
Ralph Kendall 
William Jones 
Elias Cheney 



Townsend Smith James Huston 

William Huston John Cheney 

Benjamin Kendall Michael Jones 

Andrew Reed William Jones Junior Richard Jones 

Athony Chapman David Reed William Montgumry 

Ichabod Smith Robert Montgumry John Wadleigh 

his 

John W William Blackston 

his 

Tho 8 S Storer 

mark 

John Rollings 



Joshua Smith 

his 

Simon X E 

mark 

Samuel Hall 



Alex dr cy Erskin 

mark 

Lemuel P 



Morgan Caffry 
Robert M c Guthry Stephen X Hosdon 

mark 

Elisha Clark Nath 11 Winslow 



Nathaniel Winslow juner 

Kenelm Winslow John Gray 

James Grant 

Alexr: Nikels 

Robort Lambort 

Henry Little 

Elijah Grant 

bis 



Robert Montgumry jur 

his 

Ichabod X Linscot 

his mark 

Tho 8 )( Ielley 

mark 

Samuel Herdie 

his 22 

William W Hilton 

mark 25 

William Rackleff 
Elisha Winslow Willem Jones 

Alexander Nikels Juner Elisher Kenny 



John Nikels 
Nathaniel Rumlet 
John Balentin 



John Tomson 
James Clark 
Ephiram Grant 

Peter Peterson 



Thomas > Murphey Andrew Grant 

mark 

Sheribiah Lambert William Clark John Decker the 2 Juner 



James Clark Ju r John Sutton 



John Cuningham 



196 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Sara 11 Trask 
Samuel Anderson 
William Boyinton 
David Given 

George Gray 

Joseph D 
Caleb Boyinton 

John Decker 

Joseph Young jur 
John Rowell 
Alexander Ewing 
Daniel Lankester 

Alexander Potter 

his 

JohnX 

mark 

John Malcom 
William Pumory 

his 

Joseph X Jack 

mark 

James Whidden 
Robert Speer jun r 

his 

William § Reed 

mark 

John Phelan 
Tobias Ham 

24 

Robert Duning 
Sam 11 Standwood 
James Wooden 
W T ill m Standwood 
Robert Willson 
John Smart 
John Mallett 
Robert Smart 



Joseph Anderson 
Joseph Hodsden 
John M c Near 
Sam 1 Chapman 

his 

James /// forster 

mark 

Joseph tayler 
James Day 

Joseph Young 

John Pope 
Joseph Ewing 
Samuel Blanchard 



Ebenezer Gove 
James Hodg 
Samuel Trask Jr 
William M c Cleland 

Robert Hooper 

Joshua Silvester 
Moses Gray 

his 

R R C Cobee 

mark 28 

John M c phetres 27 
John Carlton 
Charles robertson 



Benjamin Thompson Ebenezer Smith 

his 

Thomas Stinson jr William Musterd 

mark 

Isaac Savage 



James Potter 

his 

Jams X Stinson 

marke 

John Dunlap 

EzraD 

Will" 1 Speer 
Timothy Whidden 

James Duning 

William Malcom 
John Williams 

Judah Chase 
Will" 1 Woodside 
Thomas Stan wood 
Alexander Willson 
William Ross 
Robert Giveen 
Andrew Eliot 
Nathnel B 



his 

Robert R Dunlap 

mark 

Miles Goodwin 

Joseph Smith 

Lazrus Noble 
Rob* Speer 

Samuel Allen 

John Martine 
Ebenezer Stanwood 

James Douglass 
David Standwood 
W m Woodside Juner 
John Reed 
Hugh Willson 
James Elett 
James Doyle 
Thomas M c Gregor 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



197 



his 

John v^ Saward Nehemiah Ward W Weber 

mark bis 

John Jonanthan Webber John O Orr 

his mark 

Joshua [] Gray Samuel Clark Benj Bunker 

mark his 

James Hewey 



John Starbird 

Tho" Skofield 
Abijah Young 

Joseph Orr 

Isaac H 

his 

John X Burke 

mark 27 



Elisha Allen William M c X Neff 

his mark 

Will" 1 W Alexander James Alexander 

mark 

John Alexander William Simpson 
Edward Cuningham William tarr 

his 

John Mathews Joshua |X Crommell 

mark 

John Malcom George Combes 

David Jenkins 



John Jorden 

his 

Alexander thompson Joseph S Thompson Cornelius thompson 

mark 

Isaac Snow James Thompson 



Benf 



Peter Comes 

his his 

Selvanus X Comes Patrick O Wals 

mark mark 

David Trufant Peter Combes Jr 



John S 



John Snow 

his 

Corneales ) Keaff 

mark his 

Samuel | 

his mark 

Samuel ( 

mark 

Step n Gatchell 

his 

Nathan el X Geleson 

mark 

John Gatchell Juner 

his 



John Gatchell 

his 

Robert X Sedgley David Dorghty 

mark 

Nath Donnell Anthony C jr. 

his 

Anthony C Timothy T Rard a on Tarrance T M c Macken 

mark mark 

Timothy Tebbets Jonathan Philbrook Peter Woodward 

his 

Sepren Cornish Job Philbrook John X Aston 

his mark 

Isaiah Crooker John () Cornish Elijah Crooker 

mark 18 

Joshua Lumbert Benjamin Pumeroy Beniaman Whitney 

23 

Samouel Wels John Stinson James Blethen 

his 

Philip Hodgkins Joseph Mackentir John W onle 

his mark 

Joshia W Day Stephen Greenleaf Daniel Lankester 

mark his his 

Francis Wyman jun r Stephen -*- Day Will™ X Korday 

his mark mark 

Elihu X Lankester James Beueridge Nathaniel Wyman 

mark 



198 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



his 

Cornelius Hall John O 

his mark his 

Mathew ®1 Whelan Patrick X Murry 

mark mark 

William Johnson Sam 11 Hinkley 



Simon Burtton 
John M c fadin 



James M c faden 
William Marshall 



John Blethen sen George M c Kinney 

his 

John <» Flan Franses Wyman 

mark his 

Nikolas Rideout Robort P Poor 

his mark 

Andrew A Bennett James Johnston 

mark 

Obadiah Call 

his 

John X Dun 

mark 

William Sewall 



his 



James Q Newbury 

mark 

Phinehas Parker 



William Philbrook 
William Sprouel John Gray 
Richard Greenleaf Robert Sprouel 
James Sprouel Simon Crosby 



his 

James X Thornton 

mark 

Thomas Percey 

his 

Timothy X R 

mark 

James Diamond 
Matthew McKenney 
John Blethen. 2 

James m c faden Juner 

David Gustin 

Phill : White 

John Cleverly 

his 

Timothy (X) Dunton 

mark 

Stephen G 
James Morton 
Samuel Greenleaf 



John M e Kown 

his 

Joseph Greenleaf Daniel Gray Cornelius < Thornton 

his his mark 

John O Dun Thomas ^ Hutchinsons Aaron Abbot 

mark his mark his his 

Kingun ®~ Erskins John X Getchel henery X 

mark his mark 

Walter Cean Isrel^^hunewell 

his mark 

Daniel W McKenney James Crocker 

mark 

Joseph A 

bis 

Charles Glidden George C Calwell 



mark 

James Miller 
James Savage 
Solomon Walker 
moses hilton 



his 

John Spied 

mark '2.Z 

Thomas Partridge 



Elisha Winslow 



Samuel Kelley 

his 

George C Clark 

mark 

Joseph Withum 

his 

Cornelious C Jones John Leeman 

mark 

Robert Foy Thomas Humphry 

Charls Blagdon 



John M c Farland 
Samuel Barter 



Samuel M c Cobb 



mark 

Francis Young 

John Hiscock 

James Stinson 

Joseph Hussey 

Ebenezar Leeman 
Ephraim m c Farland 

his 

James X Brewer 

mark 



15 

23 

23 

18 

21 

23 

18 

23 

25 

27 
24 

24 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 199 

John Beath Samuel Barter jr William Moor 27 

his 

James X Brewer juner Willim fullertown John Orr 28 

mark his 

Will m Fullerton Juner Daniel Leneken Walter W Beath 25 

his mark 

Joseph X Leneken Andrew M c farland Robert Wylie 22 

mark his 

Willim Wylie Andrew Reed Benjamen X Linnaken 26 

his mark 

Clarke X Linnaken Arthur Percey 17 

mark 

409 409 

32 

Til 

In the House of Rep ves Nov r 28 1752 Read and Ordered 
that the Pet rs Serve the Prop" and Inhab u of the within 
mentioned Tract of Land ( non Pet" ) with a copy of this 
Pet n by inserting the Substance thereof in one or more of the 
publick Newspapers ; that so they may shew cause if any 
they have on Wednesday the 27 th of Dec r next if the Court 
be then Sitting, if not, on the first fryday of the next sitting 
of this Court why the Prayer thereof should not be granted. 

Sent up for concurrence. 

T. Hubbard Spk r 
In Council Decern 1 14, 1752 

Read & Non Concur'd J Willard. Secry 



Petition. 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay 

To the Honourable Spencer Phips Esq r Lieu 1 Governour 
& Commander In Chief In & over s d Province the Hon- 
ourable his Majesty's Council & House of Representa- 
tives In General Court Assembled at Concord May 
1752 
The Petition of the Subscribers Grantees of a New Town- 
ship or Tract of Land of the Contents of Six Miles Square 



200 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Lying In the County of York adjoyning to Goreham Town 
so Called for themselves & Partners 
Humbly Shew, 

That in the month of April 1750 they obtained a Grant of 
s d Lands on Certain Conditions of Settlement as gr s d Grant 
herewith Exhibited appears one of the Conditions whereof 
was for Settleing Sixty Familys &c thereon within three 
years from s d Grant 

that as there has ben no Settled or Establised peace with 
the Indians ( as was then soon Expected ) sine the Time s d 
Grant was made & as they have Committed many hostilities 
In the Eastern parts of this Province where this Land lyes, 
the Grantees have & Still are under very Great Discourage- 
ments nor dare they at present Venture to Settle in so 
Remote a place till a peace is Concluded on, & as that place 
would be a Very Good Barrier to those parts of the Province 
were it well settled they most humbly pray the wise Consid- 
eration of your Honour & this Great & General Court on the 
premises & Grant them a Sutiable Gard while settleing 
which if they obtain they will be Very Speedy in, or that a 
Longer time for bringing forward that Plantation may be 
alllowed & that they may obtain the same favour as was 
Granted to Goreham Town who had a Fort built them at the 
Charge of this Province for their Defence or otherwise to 
Releive your Petitioners as your Honour & Honours In your 
Great wisdom shall See meet & your Petitioners as in Duty 
Bound shall Ever pray 

Humphry Hobbs William Peabody James Marble 
Robert Bancraft Tho B Robinson Ezra Putnam 

David Kenney Nathaniel Peabody juner Miles Putnam 
Isaac Peabody Bray Willkens Ju r Enos Knight 
Samuel Symonds Ephraim Jones as attorney to Jonathan 
Farrar & Thomas Brown Enos Town Samuel Butterfield 
Charl M c Lane Samuel Commings Beniaman Taylor 
Joseph Tullor Joseph Buffom 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 201 

In the House of Rep ves Jan* 3 1753 

Read and in answer to this Pet" Ordered that the Pet 8 be 
allowed the further Term of two Years from April next for 
the Settlement of the Sixty families therein mentioned 
Sent up for concurrence, 

T. Hubbard Spk r 
In Council January 4, 1753 
Read & Concur'd 

Tho 8 Clarke Dp* Secry 
Consented to S Phips 



Letter, Capt. W m Lithgow to L l Gov. Phips March £, 1752 

May it please Your hon r 

Three of the Nerrigewalk Tribe has been here This winter 
who says The others of This Tribe will be here This Spring 
& That They will attend The Conference, Your hon r 
Directed me The Last Spring to Deliver The Nerrigewalk 
Tribe w th Those of y e Canady Indians as a present from Your 
hon r fifty pounds Lawfull Money w ch I then apprized Them 
of and at The Same Time aGreed w th Them That They 
Should not Receive y e Same Until The heads of Their Tribe 
ware present, w ch ware Then in Canada as They Then 
Informed me, So That I have not had as Yet An Oppertunity 
of Seeing Their Chiefs, and Thereby have Omitted Deliver- 
ing Them The promised Bounty, Looking upon it as Lost to 
y e province to Deliver it to a parcel of Insignificant fellows. 

The above Three Indians has Enquired of me if they should 
have The above s d Bounty when They Come here In The 
Spring, not w th Standing They have The Last Summer Com- 
mited Several Acts of Hostility aGainst us, as one of The 
above Mentioned Indians has allready Told me, I Gave Them 



202 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Encouragem* That They might Yet Receive it w th This pro- 
vise, That Thay would for y e future behave Themselves In 
Such a manner Towards us as That wee might Depend on 
what They s d from Time to time, and That They would also 
use Their Endeav 18 to perswade Those of y e Canada Indians 
to Dissist w ch might Yet have an Inclination to Continue 
The war w th us, upon w ch They Told me y e Canada Indians 
would Do us no more Misscheif, I Then tould Them I would 
a Quaint y r hon r of what we had been Talking of, and shall 
Accordingly wait for Further Directions whether I may Give 
Them The above s d present or not, I Know They will Expect 
it, and will Think Them selves much Imposed On if they 
should not Recieve it, notwithstanding Their past ill Behav r 
Seeing y e pennobscott Indians has already Received Theirs. 
This being The present w ch Accurs to me I humbly Begg 
Leave to Subscribe my Self 

Your hon rs Most Dutifull Serv 1 to Command 

William Lithgow 
To The Honourab le Spencer Phips Esq r 
Fort Richm d March 9 th 1752 

[ Superscribed ] 
On his Majestys Service 
To The Hono ble Spencer Phips Esq r Leiu 1 Governor and 
Commander in Cheif In and Over his Majestys Province 
of the Massachusetts Bay In New England — 
To the Care of Jn° Wheelwright Esq r 
p r Cap* Steenson 



Letter, John Lane to Hon. Josiah Willard. 

Honoured Sir 

after my duty to youer Hon r I Beg Leave to 
Returne you my most hearty thankes for youer Hon rs 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 203 

kindness to me I Pray god to Reward it into youer Hon" 
Bossom I Beg Leave to Acquaint youer Hon 1 That Sir 
William Pepperrill Desired me to writte to the Leiv 1 
Governouer to tell him that he should Look upon it 
as a faviour dun to him if he would be pleased to give me 
the Comand of Pemiquid Fort if it Be not Disposed of I Beg 
youer Honouer will be my frind in that afair and Be so good 
as to deliver my Litter to the Leiv* Governouer. 

I Beg youer Honou" Prayers for me that all my Heavey 
aflictions may be sanctifyed to me for my Everlasting good - 
I am youer Hon 1 " 8 Most Duetyfull and Ob d Serv* 

John Lane 
[ Superscribed ] 
To The Honourable Josiah Willard 
Post paid 



Know all men by these presents that We Joseph Plaisted 
of York in the County of York Esq r Jonathan Bean and 
Henry Simpson both of York aforesaid Gentlemen are holden 
& stand firmly bound & obliged unto Samuel Walton of 
Summersworth in the Province of New Hampshire Gentle- 
man in the full & Just Sum of Forty Pounds Lawful Money 
of the Province of the Mass a Bay in New England To be 
paid unto the said Sam 1 Walton his Exec" Adm rs or Assigns 
To the which payment well & truly to be made we bind our 
selves our Heirs Exec" and Admin" Joyntly & severally in 
the whole & for the whole firmly by these presents. Sealed 
with our Seals Dated the Fifteenth Day of June Anno 
Domini 1752. & in the 26th Year of the Reign of our Sover- 
eign Lord King George the Second over Great Britain &c. 

Whereas the said Samuel Walton at his Majesty's Supe- 
riour Court of Judicature held at York within and for the 
County of York on the second Tuesday of June instant 



204 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Recovered Judgment in an Action or plea of the Case against 
the said Joseph Plaisted for the Sum of Fifteen Pounds four 
shillings & two pence lawful Money Damage and Costs of 
Courts. 

And Whereas at the Time of making up said Judgment, 
which was on the Day of the Date hereof the said Joseph 
Plaisted informed the said Court he would prosecute a Writ of 
Review of the said Action to Effect at the next Super r Court 
of Judicature to be holden at York within & for the County 
of York on the second Tuesday of June next & moved the 
Court that the said Jon a Bean & Henry Simpson might be 
allowed as Sureties for the said Joseph Plaisted and they 
were accordingly approved of by the said Court — 

Now The Condition of the aforewritten Obligation is such 
That if the said Joseph Plaisted shall and do prosecute a 
Writ of Review of the said action to effect at the said Supe- 
riour Court of Judicature to be holden at York in June next 
as aforesaid and shall Answer & pay to the said Samuel 
Walton the Sum recovered as aforesaid with Interest there- 
for after the Rate of twelve p. Cent per annum and Double 
the Costs arising on such Review if the Judgment be not 
thereon reversed in whole or in part or otherwise satisfyed & 
if reversed in part only shall then pay the said Walton 
what remains due by force thereof and is not reversed by the 
Judgm* that may be given on such review or otherwise satis- 
fied together with Interest therefor after the Rate of six per 
Cent per Annum then the afore-written Obligation to be void 
& of no effect, but in default thereof to remain in full force 
and virtue 

Signed Sealed & Delivered r Jos : Plaisted (seal) 

( the five last printed Lines < Jonathan Bean (seal) 

in the Condition being first v. Henry Simpson (seal) 

erased ) 
in presence of Noah Emery Caleb Emery 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 205 

The aforegoing, is a true Copy of the Origin 1 exhibited to 
me and the rest of the Commissioners for Examining the 
Claims on the Estate of Joseph Plaisted Esq 1 dec d by Moses 
Carr for himself & the other Exec" of the Testament of 
Samuel Walton within mention d dec d — 

Attest Dan 1 Moulton 

York ss/ To the Hon ble the Justices of the Court of Gen- 
eral Sessions of the peace Holden at York within and for the 
County of York on the first Tuesday of April 1753. 



The Petition of Joseph Plaisted of York Administrator of 
the Estate of Joseph Plaisted Esq, late of York in said County 
Dec d — 

Humbly Sheweth that the said Joseph Plaisted Esq was 
Sheriff of said County several Years and while he was Such 
Viz. in the Year 1750, one Stephen Peirce of York aforesaid 
Cordwainer was attached and Imprisoned in York aforesaid 
at the Suit of Samuel Walton of Summersworth in New 
Hampshire Gen 4 to Recover one hundred pounds old Tenor 
Equal to XI 3-6-8 Lawfull money and broke Prison & 
escaped, since which the said Samuel Walton brought his 
Action against the said Sheriff and recovered his Damages & 
Costs which ought to be paid by the County for y e Insuffi- 
ciency of the Goal therefore Your Petitioner prays y e advisem 1 
of this Court concerning the premises & that y e Costs and 
Damages aforesaid may be paid out of the County Treasury 
and Your Petitioner shall pray &c 

Joseph Plaisted 
Copy Exam d g Jn° ffrost Cler. 

York ss. At a Court of General Sessions of the Peace 
held at York within and for the County of York the first 



206 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Tuesday of April 1753. Red and the question being put 
whether the prayer of the petition be granted it pass'd in the 
Negative, and Ordered that this petition be dismiss'd 

Attest Jn° ffrost Cler 
Copy Exam d g Jn° ffrost Cler 



Letter, Grov. Shirley to 8ec y Willard 

S 4 Jame's Street April 27, 1753. 

Some Days ago I obtain'd an Order from L d Anson to 
Capt Montague of his Majesty's Ship Port Mahon which is 
appointed for the Newfoundland Station this Year, to set me 
down at Boston before he proceeds upon his Station, his Ship 
will 1 beleive sail in 14 or 15 days. 

I have petitioned the King in Council for 11 Canon of 24 u 
Ball which Number will compleat the Royal Battery at Castle 
Will m with suitable Guns, & for two Mortars with a propor- 
tion of Ball, Shells & all other Stores except Powder, which 
last it is a settled Rule not to grant, upon my apprizing M r 
Sharpe Clerk of the Council of my Petition, I had the Dis- 
couragem 1 to hear that a Fortnight before M r Pelham had 
absolutely rejected a Pet n from the Province of Maryland to 
have 300 Musquets replaid, which they had furnish'd the 
Soldiers raised for the Canada Expedition with out of the 
Province Stores, but upon my delivering it to my Lord Pres- 
ident his Lordship was pleased to receive it very graciously 
& tell me it should be granted, & in order to give it the 
greatest Dispatch, he has referr'd it to the Board of Ordnance 
for an Estimate of the Ordnance Stores prayed for, to be 
directly made out without making any Report of their Opin- 
ion upon the Substance of fitness of the Petition as is the 
usual Manner of those Referrences, & which frequently occa- 
sions delay & difficulties. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 207 

Upon getting this Referrence from the Council to the 
Board of Ordnance, I delivered it my self to Sir John 
Legonier, begging the favour of him to order it to be dis- 
patch'd, the Easter Holydays have delayed it, but I am prom- 
is'd by the Secry of the Board, that the Estimate shall be 
finish'd this day & be signed by Sir John & the Principal 
Officers of the Board in time to be returned into the Council 
Office on Tuesday next. 

I have taken Care to get the Freight of these Stores 
included in the Board of Ordnance's Estimate which is not 
usual & I flatter my self with the Hopes of obtaining an 
absolute Order for the Delivery of them before I imbark, & 
for their being forthw th transported to Castle William at the 
Expence of the Crown, & to have the next good Merchant 
Ship bound for Boston fixed upon for bringing them. I 
mentioned the Carriage of them to L d Anson but he told me 
the Kings Ships never carried Ordnance Stores upon such 
Occasions. & that besides the Port Mahon was loaded w th a 
great Quantity of Provisions. 

I thought it was most adviseable to pospone an Applica- 
tion for the Pictures of the Royal Family in the Room of 
those which were burnt in the Council Chamber untill the 
Ordnance Stores were secured for the Province, being 
unwilling to run the least Risque of that Application's inter- 
feering with the other more essential one, but as soon as an 
absolute Order is passed for the Stores, I will apply to M r 
Pelham for the Pictures. 

The Application for a Reimbursem 1 of the Remainder of 
the Slopps bought by the Province for the New England 
Soldiers in the Expedition against Cap' Breton, and made 
use of by M r Knowles during his Administration as Govern 1 
there for the Soldiers of the Kings Regiments stands still for 
the Arrival of some Evidence from Boston which M r Bollan 



208 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

hath sent for to ascertain the value of them, as does the 
Affair of the Townships controversied between the Province 
& Colony of Connecticut, & of the new Line claimed by the 
Colony of Rhode Island for Evidence from the Records of 
the two Colonies, which in my Opinion is absolutely neces- 
sary to be procur'd if possible before those Matters are bro't 
to a Decision before the King in Council, or at least to have 
a Denial from the Assemblies of those Colonies to let the 
Mass a Agents in New England search & take Copies of their 
Records in Order to intitle the Provinces Agent here to pro- 
duce Copies of its own Records, which can't be regularly 
admitted as Evidence in its own Case, untill the Province is 
denied Copies of the Rh d Isl d & Connecticut Records upon 
the Point in Question : M r Bollan was in hopes of receiving 
those Papers by the last Ships, When he is furnished with 
'Em I am persuaded no Pains nor good Conduct will be 
wanting to establish the Provinces just Right in these Dis- 
putes, which to me appears clear & evident, & that the pre- 
tensions of both the Colonies are unreasonable & vexatious. 

As to the Provinces Demands against that of New Hamp- 
shire on Account of their maintaining Fort Dummer during 
the War, M r Bollan had obtained before he brought over the 
Money granted the Province by Parliam* for the Reimbursm* 
of their Expences in the Expedition against Cap' Breton, a 
Report from the Board of Trade in favour of it : but soon 
after M r Bollan was imbarked for Boston the Agent of the 
Prov ce of N: Hampshire preferred a Pet" to the King in 
Council to be heard against the Report, and an Order of 
Council was thereupon made that the Matter should stay 
untill the Lords of Council should call the Agents of both 
Colonies before them, it is necessary to stay a decent Time 
out of Respect to that Order, without moving by a Pet n on 
the Part of the Prov ce to have the hearing brought on, When 
that is done M r Bollan will move it, & I hope there can be 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 209 

no Danger of having the Report of the Lords Commiss ^, of 
Trade confirmed. 

There is an Appearance that the Settlem* of a Line between 
the Province & N. York may be soon brought on. 

The finishing Memorial upon the Limits of Nova Scotia 
as claimed by his Majesty to extend as far as the Southern 
Bank of the River S* Lawrence hath been some Months 
transmitted by Lord Holderness to the Court of France. I 
dont hear that any further Step hath been taken between the 
two Courts for the settling that most essential Line for the 
Security of all the English Northern Colonies. But I flatter 
my self that in the Opinion of all His Majestys Ministers, 
the English Right to the Limits ( which they claim ( particu- 
larly with Respect to the Ancient Limits of the Province ) is 
asserted in the clearest & most convincing Manner, even 
upon the Foot of the French Records & Histories which 
themselves have produc'd to maintain their Pretensions in 
their Answer to our first Memorial & that there is not the 
least Colour or Shadow of Argument or rather Sophistry w ch 
they have advanced left unanswered & unconfuted. 

I cant conclude without observing that when the Supply 
for the Maintenance of Nova Scotia came on in the House of 
Commons to be debated it was not only unanimously voted, 
but with the most visible Satisfaction on the Countenance of 
every Member that was ever known there upon any such 
Occasion, most explicit strong Declarations were made by 

the M r r in favour of its Support & of the Importance 

of it to the Nation & the Parliamentary faith was plighted 
for it as much as could be done by his Declaration — These 
Proofs of the Spirit & Sense of the Parliam* upon this Point 
gave a most sensible Pleasure to all here who have the Inter- 
est of the Colonies at Heart & I cant but hope that they will 
be soon seconded with effectual Measures for remov g the 
French from their Incroachments & securing the Possession 

14 



210 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

of the Places where they are made to ourselves, as the Noble 
Lord to whom the King has committed the cheif Care of the 
Settlem 1 of Nova Scotia wants neither discernm* Spirit nor 
Inclination for doing it. — 

I hope to have a happy Sight of the Prov ce in a few Weeks 
& am Sir 

Your most humble Servant 

W. Shirley 



Petition 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay 

To the Hon ble Spencer Phipps Esq 1 Lieutenant Governour 
& Commander in Cheife To Honourble his Majestys 
Council & House of Representatives for said Province 
in General Court Assembled the 30 May 1753 
Humbly Sheweth 

The Memorial of the Proprietors of that 
Tract of Land lying on both Sides of Kenebeck River which 
was granted to the late Colony of New Plymouth in their 
Charter — 

That your Memorialists are concerned in the Event of the 
Petition of the Settlers at Sheepscot alias New Castle as the 
same is within the Limitts of your Memorialists Patent, and 
as your Memorialists are satisfied that the Erecting them into 
a District will serve the Interest of the Settlers, they beg 
leave to joyn with the Petitioners in praying this Honourable 
Court that the Settlement at Sheepscot may be Erected into 
a District, & therefore your Memorialists would present to 
your Honours that many other settlements are making & will 
soon be made in the Neighborhood of Sheepscot alias New 
Castle which will soon be under the same Necessity of being 
formed into distinct Districts with proper Extent and Limitts 



OF THE STATE OF MAESTE 211 

and that if Sheepscot should be made a District according to 
Bounds proposed it will have a Large River in the Body of 
said District and will incommode a Tract of Land between 
Sheepscot River & the River Kenebeck which is about seven 
Miles on the East of which Rivers Settlements are now 
making and will soon want to be formed into a District. 
Your Memorialists therefore pray that only the Land between 
Sheepscot & Damariscotta Rivers may be made a District 
and your Petitioners shall ever pray &c 
W m Brattle Robert Temple Cha Apthorp 

Thomas Hancock Will" 1 Bowdoin David Jeffries 

John Jones Silv. Gardiner Edw d Goodwin 

James Pitts Samuel Goodwin 



Petition of the inhabitants of Lands on Kennebeck River. 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay 

To the Honourable Spencer Phipps Esq. Lieu 1 Govern' & 
Commander in chief of his Majesty's Province of the 
Mass a Bay aforesaid, The Hon ble His Majesty's Council, 
and the Hon ble House of Representatives in Gener 1 Court 
assembled May 30 th 1753. 
The Subscribers most humbly shew 

That they are Inhabitants of those Lands on Kennebeck 
River bounded Southerly on Winnigance River, Easterly on 
Kennebeck, Westerly on Steven's Riv r and Northerly on 
Merry Meeting Bay, in length about nine miles, and in 
breadth about three ; which about Fourteen Years since being 
Inhabited but by about Six or Seven Families, were annex'd 
by this Court to George Town, since which they have 
increased to the Num r of about Forty Families and made 
considerable Improvements. That they Labour under the 
Greatest Difficulties in Attending the Publick Worship of 



212 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



God at George Town, in that they not only Live remote from 
thence, but are obliged to cross Winnigance River at least 
three-quarters of a Mile, where the Tide is very rapid and 
the Ice in cold season's in very large quantities by means 
whereof the Ancient People Women & Children can scarce 
ever Attend the Publick Worship of God, so necessary to 
their well being. 

Wherefore Your Petitioners most humbly pray this Hon- 
ourable Court to take the Premisses into Consideration and 
of their wonted goodness and Paternal care for such infant 
settlem ts Grant and Order them a Distinct Precinct or Parish 
to be set off by the aforesaid bounds and Grant them such 
Powers and Priviledges as have been usual for such or pro- 
vide such other ways and methods for the redress of their 
Inconveniences aforesaid as this Court in their Wisdom shall 
Judge most fit and reasonable. 

And Your Petitioners as in duty bound shall ever pray. 



Jonathan Philbrook Seiy r Joseph Gray 
Benjamin Brown Joseph Berry 
Philip Hodgkins Humphrey purinton 
Mikel Thornton Humphrey Purinton 
Jonathan Philbrook Jun r Thomas Joy 
Bryant Robertson John Tar 



Daniel Brown 
William Philbrook 
Simon Burton 
Moses Hodgkins 
Benj Lemons 



James Thornton 

James Brown 

Benj a Ring 

Daved Purinton 

Joshua Philbrook 

Ebenezer Hinkley Josear Weber 

John Solivern John ONeal 

Samuel Meloon June r N. Donnell 

George Williames David trufant 

Samuel Meloon Sene r 



John Wise 
Hezekiah Purinton 
Juner John Lammon 
Benjamin Thompson 
Shubel Hinkley 
Samuel Brown 
William Johnson 
Thomas Foot 
Job Philbrook 
James Mecib 
Abel Eaten 
Isaiah Crooker 
William Marshall 
Nathanel Berrey 
Joshua Coomes 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 213 

In the House of Rep ves June 12, 1753. 

Read and Ordered that the Pet rs serve the Town Clerk of 
the Town of George Town with a copy of this Pet" that so 
the said Town shew cause if any they have on the Second 
Wednesday of the next Sitting of this Court why the Prayer 
thereof should not be granted. 

Sent up for concurrence T Hubbard Spk r 

In Council June 12, 1753 Read and Concur'd 

Tho s Clarke Dp^ Secry 

In Council, Sept. 7, 1753. Read again with a Copy of 
the Vote of the Inhabitants of George Town pass'd at a 
Meeting held the 10 th of July last ; And it appearing that 
they had no Objections to make thereunto ; 



Answer to Sheepscot Petition. 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay 

To the Hon oble Spencer Phips Esq r Lieutenant Governour 
& Commander in Chief of the Province aforesaid The 
Hon oble his Majestys Council & Hon oble House of Repre- 
sent™ 8 in General Court assembled June 1753 

The Answer of the Proprietors of the Lands on the West 
side the River Sheepscutt, to the Petition of the Inhabitants 
on the East side of said River praying to be sett off & incor- 
porated into a District, 
Humbly Shews. 

That the Respond 18 are alike sensible with the Pet™ of 
your Honours tender Regards for them in the late Indian 
War & with great Thankfullness now mention it ; but as to 
the Reasons Offered by the Pet rs to induce Your Honours to 
incorporate them into a District according to the Bounds set 
forth in their Petition the Respond* 8 humbly apprehend are 



214 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

not only weak & without foundation but shou'd they prevail 
wou'd be very inconvenient prejudicial & grievous to the 
Respond 18 which will appear in the following particulars 
First In the proposed Bounds the Land on the West side 
the River is cut & divided into several Gaps & parcels leav- 
ing one Peice & taking the next which will make great 
Confusion among the Owners. 

Secondly The River being considerably Wide must neces- 
sarily create us vast trouble & difficulty to attend the 
Publick Meetings of the proposed District & the other Busi- 
ness thereof it being at some seasons impracticable to pass & 
Repass the River. 

Thirdly Should the Peace continue as we are a large Tract 
on the West side the River & conveniently situated for a 
District we propose shortly to Petition Y r Honours for that 
purpose. 

Fourthly The Petitioners have never Consulted with the 
Respondt 8 relating^ their propos'd District nor have they 
ever applyed to us to join with them in Petitioning Your 
Honours 

For these & many other Reasons we could offer to Y r 
Honours, to show forth the great grievance the Granting the 
prayer of the Pet 18 would be to the Respond 18 we humbly 
pray the said Petition may be Dismissed but should Y r Hon- 
ours in Your great Wisdom see meet to Grant the prayer 
thereof We humbly pray that all the Lands belonging to the 
Respond' 8 & extending five miles West from the River may 
be included in said District & that a Bridge may be 
erected across the River to enable- to pass over it with 
safety, & also that the meeting house may be set in the 
Center of the proposed District, but upon considering our 
Circumstances We humbly hope Y r Honours will Dismiss 
said Petition. 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 215 

And as in Duty Bound shall ever pray 

Sam 1 Whittemore Joseph Roberts Thomas Richardson 

Isaac Kenney Sam 11 Burt Benjamin Richardson 

Charles Coffin Israel Auerell John Cookson 



Letter, L l Gov. Phips to Capt. Jabez Bradbury 

Sir, 

I herewith inclose my Letter to you of the 5 th of June last 
that so you may the better consider how far the Disposition 
& Conduct of the Indians may agree with my Demands & 
Expectations respecting their bringing in the other Tribes of 
Indians to the proposed Interview at S l Georges. I found it 
necessary to put off that Meeting by reason of the Small Pox 
then raging at Boston ; but that Reason now almost ceasing 
being greatly at an end removed by the Distempers being in 
a manner removed from thence Boston there being but four 
Persons in Boston sick of it as I am informed it is probable 
that in a few weeks more there will not be one. 

I therefore direct you to acquaint the Indians that I pur- 
pose, that the Commissioners shall attend that Affair some 
time in the Month of Septem 1 or October next as shall best 
suit their Convenience, & I therefore expect they state the 
particular Time, But at the same time I insist upon it that 
they bring in the rest of the Tribes ( especially those of Nor- 
ridgewock ) to attend at the Treaty w th out which it will be 
to little Effect to send the Commissioners down to attend at 
the Treaty. I expect that you pursue this Matter without 
Delay, & give me the earliest & fullest Intelligence you can. 
You must let the Indians know that the Presents have been 
all this while at S l Georges & so in no Danger of Infection. 



216 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Lieut. GW' S Message June 12, 1753. 

Gentlemen of the Council & House of Representatives 

It has always been allowed that the Settlement of the 
Eastern Parts of the Province would be greatly for his 
Maj tys Service, as well as the more immediate Advantage of 
the Inhabitants of this Government, but yet there does not 
seem to have been proper Care taken to remove the Obstacles 
to this Settlement. The two principal & perhaps only 
material ones are, the exposed Situation of that part of the 
Country to the Indian Enemy in Case of a Rupture, and the 
great Controversy about Titles by reason of different Claims 
to the same Tracts of Land. 

With respect to the first I do not see but that it must 
remain in some measure, but then it is to be considered that 
any new Settlement on the back of the old will be no more a 
Frontier than the old are at present ; and by covering the old 
Settlements you will encourage the filling them with Inhab- 
itants, & greatly strengthen the whole. But with respect to 
the latter, It undoubtedly is in the Power of this Court to 
remedy it ; What appears to me the most unexceptional way 
is, the Appoinm* of a special Court for setling the Titles, 
allowing sufficient Time for every Claimer to exhibit his 
Claim & excluding for ever all such as shall not appear 
before the limited Period, and after the Expiration of the 
Term the said Court proceed to determine the Validity of each 
Claim : This will be a work of time, & I can't expect to live 
to see any great Effect of it, but it will be a great Satisfac- 
tion to me if during my being in the Chair, I may be any 
ways instrumental of laying the foundation of future Benefit 
to my Country. 
Council Chamber S Phips 

12 June 1753 
In the House of Rep ves June 15 1753 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 217 

Read and Ordered that the Speaker M r Welles and Cap* 
Livermore with such as the Hon ble Board shall app* be a 
Comm ee to take this Message under Consideration and 
Report at the next sitting of this Court what they Judge 
proper to be done thereon 

Sent up for concurrence 

Att r Roland Cotton Cler Dom Rep 
In Council June 15, 1753 Read and Concurd & Andrew 
Oliver & Tho s Hutchinson Esq rs are joined in the Affair 

Tho 8 Clarke Dp^ Secry 

Consented to S Phips 



New Casco Petition «Sep tr 7, 1753:' 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay 

To his Excellency William Shirley Esq r Governour & 
Commander in Chief over said Province, the Hon ble His 
Majesties Council & House of Representatives in Gen rl 
Court assembled Sep tr y e 5 th 1753 
The Petition of the Inhabitants of New Casco Lying 
between Northyarmouth and the Easterly side of Pre- 
sumpscut River and of a few Families in a Bend of Said 
River and on the Westerly Side thereof being about Sixty 
Families in the whole and all belonging to the First Parish 
in the Town of Falmouth in the County of York 
Humbly Sheweth 

That your Petitioners living very distant from 
the Place where the publick Worship of God is carried on in 
the said first Parish in Falmouth, have for a great Number 
of Years Laboured under much Difficulty to attend the same. 
For that the greatest Part of them are Obliged either to be 
at the Pains of travelling Eight or Nine Miles by Land 
which is impracticable for most in their Families to do ; or 



218 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

else they must be at the Fatigue of going partly by Land 
and then four or five miles by Water across the Bay, which 
by Reason of Ice and Snow in the Winter, & high Winds 
and Storms in Other Seasons of the Year, and the Tides not 
serving half the Time makes it extremely difficult, and some- 
times very dangerous passing and repassing to the Place of 
publick Worship in the first Parish in Falmouth as afores d — 

In Order to prevent which great Difficulty and Trouble 
your Petitioners have within a few years been at the 
Expence of Building a Meeting House in a Place convenient 
and commodious for them to attend the publick Worship of 
God in ; and at the extraordinary Charge of hiring Preach- 
ing among themselves from time to time. And that they 
might have the Gospel regularly setled among them, and be 
releived of their Aggrievance and Difficulty ; are Obliged to 
resort to this Hon ble Court for Redress. 

Humbly beseaching your Honours would please to take 
their Case into your wise Consideration, and set them off a 
distinct Parish by themselves, and that the Bounds of said 
Parish may be three Miles and three Quarters Southwesterly 
from Northyarmouth Line and to run through the Town into 
the Country and into the Sea paralel with the dividing Line 
between Falmouth & Northyarmouth. 

Or otherwise set off a sufficient Number of them with 
their Substance to whom it may be convenient to attend the 
publick Worship of' God, in the Place where the said Meet- 
ing House is now erected, as to your known Wisdom shall 
seem meet „ 

And yo r Petitioners as in Duty bound will ever pray 
Jeremiah Pote Danforth Phipps Nathaniel Noyes 
George Knight Nathan Noyes Ichabod Clark 

Samuel Stapell Gowin Wilson Ju r James Buxton 
Benjamin Godfrey Jon a Underwood Richard Pumury 
Richerd Merrill Jona : Stubs Richeard Pumory Jun r 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 219 

Richard Stubs Joseph Tornpson Benj mn York Jun r 
James Wyman Jim Nath 1 Tompson Benj mn York 
Sam 11 Noyes Edmund Titcomb Thomas Tucker 

Roland Davis John Merrill William Bucknam 

Edmund Titcomb Benjamin Merrill John Hunt 
Benj mn Blackston Samuel Crocket James Wyman 

Benj Davis John Calley James Merrill Jun r 

Gowin Wilson James Merrill Nath 1 C 

Joshua Merrill William Ingersoll Zachariah field 
Henry Totman Joseph Wilson Elisha Baker 

Benjamin Blackstone Jun r Will Bartoll Thomas Hunaford 
William Knight George Cutter Parcivell Clark 

John Adams 
In the House of Representatives Sept r 10 1753 

Read & Ordered that the pet" Serve the Clerk of the 
First Parish In Falmouth with a Copy of this Pet" that they 
Shew Cause ( if Any they have ) on the Second thursday of 
Next Sitting of the Court why the prayer thereof should not 
be granted. 

Sent up for concurrence T. Hubbard Spk r 

In Council Septenber 11, 1753 Read & Concurd 

Tho 8 Clarke Dp 1 * Secry 
In Council Dec r 17. 1753 Read and Ordered that the 
Prayer of the Pet rs be so far Granted as that the Inhabitants 
on the Easterly side of Pesumpscot River be set off as a 
seperate Parish begining at North Yarmouth Line near the 
Sea, and from thence running by the Bay to Pesumpscot 
River, and thence up said River as far as the Westerly Side 
of M r James Winslows Sixty Acre Lot on which his now 
dwelling House Stands, and from thence to run a Northwest 
Line to the head of the Township Including Mackworths 
Island, Clapboard Island and Little Jabeeg ; and as many of 
the Inhabitants of the first Parish in Falmouth as shall see 
Cause, that live on the Westerly side of said Pesumpscot 



220 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

River convenient to said Parish have Liberty to Join with 
them with their Estates on which they dwell within twelve 
Months, they transmitting into the Secretarys Office a List 
of their Names for Confirmation within said Term And That 
the said Inhabitants be vested with the Powers and Privi- 
leges which other Parishes within this Province do, or by 
Law ought to enjoy, 

Sent down for Concurrence 

Tho 8 Clarke Dp 1 * Secry 

In the House of Rep 8 Dec r 18 1753 
Read & Concurred 

T. Hubbard Spk r 
Consented to W Shirley 



Answer. 

Ordered that the Petitioners & their Lands as bounded in 
the Petition be set off as a separate & distinct Parish or Pre- 
cinct, And that the Inhabitants enjoy & be vested with the 
Powers & Priviledges of other Precincts in this Province. 
Sent down for Concurrence J Willard Secry 

In the House of Rep ves Sep 1 7, 1753 

Read and Concur'd T Hubbard Spk r 

Consented to W Shirley 



Q-eorge Town Precinct. 

Anno Regni Regis George II Vicessimo Septimo 

An act for erecting Part of George Town in the County 

of York into A Presinct Whereas it hath been represented 

to this Court, that that part of the Inhabitants of Georg 

Town aforesaid Living on the Westerly Side of Long beach 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 221 

in said Town, Labour under Difficulties by reason of their 
not being Set of as A Sepperate Presinct. 

Be it Enacted by the Governour Council and House of 
Representatives, that part of the said George Town with the 
inhabatants thereon be and hereby is Erected into A Presinct 
Bounding as following, Southerly on Winnigance River 
Easterly on Kenebeck River, westerly on Stevens River, and 
Northerly on Merrymeeting Bay in Length about Nine miles, 
and in Breadth about three miles, and that the said Presinct, 
be and hereby is invested with all Priviledges Powers and 
immunities that Presincts in this Province by Law do or may 
enjoy. 
In the House of Representatives September 10 1753. 

Read a first Second & Third Time & passed to be 
Engrossed 

T. Hubbard Spk r 

In Council September 11. 1753 

Read a first and second time & Pass'd a Currence to be 
Engrossed 

Tho s Clarke Dp 1 * Secry 



Message to the Governour Sept. 11, 1753. 

May it please your Excellency, 

It having been represented to the General Court in a 
Memorial from Benjamin Mitchel and Lazarus Noble that 
the said Memorialists had been to Montreal in search after 
three Children of theirs who were taken Captives by the 
Indians in September 1751 at Swan Island & elsewhere, and 
that they were received by the Governor there with some 
shew of Friendship, who gave them his word that their 
Childen should be released to them the next day: but 
instead of conforming thereto, he sent express orders early 



222 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the next Morning that they should depart for New England 
immediately, or he would imprison them„ accordingly intimi- 
dated by that cruel Threat, they departed without their 
Children, and are lately returned from thence, 

This Conduct of the French Governor is not only against 
the Laws of Nature and Contrary to the Treaties of Peace 
subsisting between the two Nations, but a Contempt of this 
Government. 

It is against the Laws of Nature, as he forcibly detains the 
said Children from their Parents, regardless of the warm 
Affections which such a relation mutually inspires, and 
unreasonably deprives those of their Liberties, who have by 
Nature a right thereto. 

It is contrary to the Treaties of Peace subsisting between 
the two Nations, which provide that all Prisoners shall be 
mutually restor'd : And, 

It is a Contempt of this Government, as the said Memor- 
ialists went under the Patronage thereof, and with Letters 
from our then Commander in Chief. 

Such Conduct ; no People, who have felt what Liberty and 
Freedom mean, and are capable of resenting Injuries, can 
Tamely submit to ; and such, this People, under the Conduct 
of Your Excellency, will never submit to. 

This House therefore requests of your Excellency, that 
your Excellency would write to the aforesaid French Gover- 
nor on this Head ; and in such Terms as your Regard to the 
Liberties of Mankind, and Abhorrence of all Infringements 
thereupon, shall dictate. 



This House also requests of your Excellency that your 
Excellency would give it in Charge to those whom you may 
appoint Commissioners for the approaching Interview with 
the said Indians, that they may remonstrate to them the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 223 

Injustice & Basenes of their Conduct, in taking away and 
detaining said Children, contrary to the Treaties of Friend- 
ship, subsisting between us, and their repeated promises to 
restore said children and that the Commissioners insist on 
their performing what they have so long, and thus repeatedly 
promised. And 

Whereas the said Indians at the last Interview expressed 
an uneasiness about some intended settlements up Kenne- 
beck River above Richmond Fort ; to remove which- Com- 
missioners then promised them to examine into that Affair : 
in Consequence of which a Committee of both Houses at the 
Session in April last was appointed to consider the Com- 
plaints of the Eastern Indians touching the English Claims 
and Settlements on Kennebeck River above Richmond Fort ; 
who having notified the Claimants and examined the Indian 
Deeds and other Evidence of Titles which they produced, 
reported 

That by the Deeds produced under the hands of the 
Sachems of that Country in the Years 1648 and 1653, and 
others about those times, the Indians sold to the English, 
not only the Lands below, but also the. Lands above Rich- 
mond Fort, all along the River Kennebeck. 

That Settlements were only made by the English, many 
Miles above Richmond Fort, and those Settlements continued 
for a considerable time. 

That the Indians in their Treaties with the English in 
1693, in 1713 and in 1717 agreed that the English should 
quietly and peacably enjoy all their Rights of Land, & 
former Settlements and Possessions in the Eastern parts of 
this Province and that the English should in no ways be 
molested or disturbed therein, and that Cap* Lithgow & the 
other Commanding Officers in those parts, be directed to use 
their best Endeavours to keep the Indians quiet until the 
Commissioners from this Government shall meet them in the 



224 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Fall of the Year ; and to let them know that such Commis- 
sioners will then lay before them the English Claims to their 
Lands and endeavour in a friendly manner to accomodate the 
the matter with them." 

This House therefore prays your Excellency to give your 
Commissioners Instructions to lay this matter before said 
Indians at the approaching Interview, that it may be accomo- 
dated in a friendly manner with them. 
In the House of Represent. Sept r 11, 1753 

Ordered that the foregoing Message be sent to His Excel cy 

the Gov r & that Col Winslow Cap 1 Chandler Cap* Fry Cap 1 

Williams & M r Hall be a Comt ee to Wait upon his Excel cy 

therewith - 

T. Hubbard Spk r 

Answer to Message. Sept. 13, 1753. 

Gentlemen of the House of Represent™ 8 

I have considered your Message delivered to me on Tues- 
day last, particularly that Part of it which relates to the 
Commissioners in the intended Interview with the Eastern 
Indians Giving them Satisfaction as to the English Claims of 
Lands on Kennebeck River ; and altho what you have sug- 
gested may be very proper to be urged & insisted upon by 
the Commissioners, yet I apprehend it will not be sufficient 
to satisfy & quiet them nor to answer the Promise made 
them the last year by the Commissioners then sent down, 
according to the Understanding the Indians had of it : 

And therefore I would propose that as many of the 

Original Deeds as may be obtained be put into the Hands of 

the Commiss" that shall meet the Indians this Fall & by 

them laid before them & then brought back & returned to 

the Owners 

W Shirley 
Council Chamber Sept. 13, 1753. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 225 

Letter, John Wheelwright to the Comm rs to treat w th Eastern 

Indians. 

Boston Septem r 18 th 1753 
Honourable S rs 

These serves to Wish you a pleasant passage & a happy- 
Interview with y e Eastern Indians & a safe returne to Boston 
againe, and least you in yo r discourse with them, be Enqured 
of y e several prises of Furrs Allowed them in away of Trade 
& what they gave for our goods in lieu thereof ; in L* Gov- 
ern r Dummers time which they seem to make their Baises in 
every Treaty. I have furnished you therewith, as Also ; 
what they have allowed for y r ffu^rs now, & what they give 
now for our goods, you'l find upon y e whole near 30 j> Cent 
Cheaper to y e Indians than it was in L* Govern 1 Dummers 
time ; to avoid any Trouble to yo r honours I have given Cap* 
Saunders a list of every Article, and hope it will be sufficient 
& agreeable to yo r honours from 

Yo r hon rs most hum serv* at Command 

Jn° Wheelwright 



Letter to Jere h Moulton 

Boston October 23, 1753 
Jeremiah Moulton Esq r 

S r I am directed by the Governor and Council to forward 
you the Inclosed wan* which is Issued against one William 
Lowd of Muscongus Island on the Comp* of one Elizabeth 
Burns of Muscongus which they expect you to direct to such 
of your Officers as will Effectually execute the same for 
which he is to take Necessary Assistance. 

It is proposed that this Man should be Carryed before 
Justice Denny as being the Nearest Magistrate & as it is 

15 



226 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Necessary for the Woman ( who is a near Neighbor to the 
said Lowd) to be present its expected that the Officer Notify 
her when he Executes the Warr* that Cap* North Agreeable 
to his Orders may Transport her to Arrowsick. 



Letter, to Capt. John North 

Boston Oct r 23, 1753 
Cap* John North 

S r I am directed by the Gov r & Council to acquaint you 
that there's a Warr* Issued ag 8t one W m Lowd on the Comp* 
of one Eliz a Burns & that on his being Apprehended you are 
directed to Transport the said Eliz a Burns & her two Sons 
in your Boat to Arrowsick. 



This is to Notify the Freeholders and Other Inhabitants of 
the first Parish in the Town of Falmouth, Qualify 'd for vot- 
ing according to Law, to meet at the Town House in s d 
Parish, on Wenesday the 21 st Day of November Ins* at 2 
oClock in the Afternoon to act on the Article folio wing -viz* 
To see whether the Parish will on the Second Thursday of 
the next Sitting of the Gen 1 Court make Answer to the 
Petition of the Inhabitants of New Casco exhibited the 10 th 
of September last 

" praying to be sett off a distinct Parish " and what 
Method said Parish will proceed in to shew Cause ( if any 
they have ) why the Prayer thereof should not be granted 
Falmouth 17 th Nov 1 1753 

By Order of the Comittee 

Step" Longfellow Parish Clerk 

Falmouth 21 Nov r 1753 — Pursuant to Order I have 
Notify'd the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of the first 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 227 

Parish in the Town of Falmouth Qualify'd for voting 
according to Law to meet at Time and Place, and to act on 
the Article within mentioned — 

Step n Longfellow Parish Clerk 

At a Legal Meeting of the Inhabitants of the first Parish 
in the Town of Falmouth, held at the Town Hall in said 
Parish Nov r 21. 1753 - 

M r Joseph Tompson was chosen Moderator Voted — The 
Hon ble Jabez Fox Jedidiah Preble Esq r , Mess rs John Waite 
Joseph Tompson, William Bucknam & Danforth Phipps be 
a Committee, to see whether they can fix upon the dividing 
Line, between the Parishes, so as to accomodate both Parties, 
and make Report at the Adjournment of this Meet- 
ing ~ Voted — The Above Comittee imploy a Surveyour & 
Chainmen in the aboves d Business ~ 

Voted — This Meeting be adjourned to the 28 th of this 
Month to this Place, at 2 oClock in the Afternoon — 
Falmouth 28 th Nov r 1753 — The Parish being met according 
to Adjournment — the Comittees Report was read, which 
was as follows — 

Falmouth Nov r 23 d 1753 

The Comittee to whom was referred the Consideration of 
the Petition of the Inhabitants of New Casco, report that 
they are of Opinion that all the Inhabitants on the Easterly 
Side of Presumpscot, be sett off as a separate Parish, begin- 
ning at Northyarmouth Line near the Sea, and from thence 
running by the Bay to Presumpscot River, & thence up s d 
River as far as the Westerly Side of M r James Winslows 
Sixty Acre Lot of Land on which his now dwelling House 
stands, and from thence to run a North West Line to the 
Head of the Township, including Mackworths Island, Clap- 
board Island, and little Jabeeg ; and as many of the Inhabit- 
ants of the first Parish in Falmouth as shall see Cause, that 
live on the Westerly Side of s d Presumpscot River conven- 



o 

o 

B 



228 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ient to s d Parish, have Liberty to Join with them with their 
Estates on which they dwell, within twelve Months from the 
Aboves d Date — 

Jaz Fox 1 

Jedidiah Preble 

Jn° Waite 

Joseph Tompson 

William Bucknam 

Danforth Phipps 

Voted — unanimously that the Above Report be accepted. 

Voted — That the Parish Clerk transmit a Copy of the 

proceedings of this Meeting to the Gen 1 Court, the Second 

Thursday of the next Sitting thereof for their Confirmation. 

Recorded p. Step n Longfellow Parish Clerk 

A true Copy from Falmouth l 8t Parish Records Lib 1° 
Fol° 52. 53 - 

Att r Step n Longfellow Parish Clerk 



Letter, Ninth 1 Wheelwright to Gov. Shirley Nov. 30, 1753. 

Sir 

I had the Honour the 11 th of November past, to acquaint 
your Excellency of my arrival at Albany, which place I left 
as soon as possible, and made all the dispatch I could on my 
Journey, and voyage to Canada. 

Permit me to advise your Excellency by this opportunity, 
that I arrived with M r Lydius, and my servant, Yesterday 
noon, at Montreal ; we were imediately conducted by the offi- 
cer who was sent with us from Fort S l Frederick, and intro- 
duced by him, to the General, Monsieur Le Marquis 
Duquesne, who asked me my business, I acquainted him 
that I was sent by Your Excellency to have the Honour to 
deliver him a Letter, which he received, and imediately retired 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 229 

into his cabinet, he soon return'd saying the Letter was in 
English and that he would send for some person to translate 
it. Then very genteely told me as I was not a Stranger, I 
might go and repose myself, and procure Lodgings where I 
pleased, after dinner he sent an officer Mons r S l Luc la corne, 
who is my particular friend, and much in favour with the 
General, this Gentleman surprized me with a message from 
his Excellency, that he had been informed, that the last time 
I came into the country, I had with me an Engineer, who 
passed for my Domestick, and that I had, with his assistance, 
taken a plan of this City, Quebec, and the River, I assured 
the Gentleman it was false, and that some ill minded busy 
person, must have raised the report, to prevent my having 
an opportunity to execute the Commission I had the honour 
to receive from your Excellency, and desired he would assure 
the General the truth of this, He did, and was kind enough 
to Acquaint me in the evening, that the General had your 
Excellency's Letter translated, and would see me in the 
morning, when he sent for me, as soon as I paid my respects 
to him, he desired me to withdraw with him into his cabinet, 
where I had the Honour to converse with him more than an 
hour, without Interruption. He very genteely told me he 
was charm d to have an opportunity of a Correspondence with 
your Excellency, and that he would answer Your Excellency's 
Letter very particularly ; he was surprised at Your Excel- 
lency's mentioning his not answering M r Phipps his Letter, 
which he assured me he never received. 

He then said, he had been inform'd that I came into the 
Country the last time with some other design, than for pris- 
oners, but he was now perswaded to the contrary, and did 
me the Honour to say I might Stay a Convenient time to 
accomplish my affairs, that I should be at Liberty, and should 
want no assistance he could give me, that I should go when 
it was agreable to me, to three Rivers, S l Francois to Bacon 



230 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

court, with an Interpreter, to endeavour to get those Cap- 
tives. He also gave orders to Mons r S l Luc : to go with me 
to Mons r De pain, and acquaint him, that it was his orders, 
that I should have free Liberty to see, & Converse with the 
English Boy, Mitchell's Son, at all times, and as often as I 
pleased. I saw the Boy but had not time to say much to 
him, permit me to assure Your Excellency I shall omit no 
opportunity, to endeavour to reconcile him to return to his 
Parents — M r Nobles child, which Mons r Ange Charly has 
the care of, & which he assured me with great grief, the last 
time I was in the Country was dead, is now at three Rivers 
at the Convent — 

I hope Your Excellency will be satisfied with my conduct, 
and permit me to assure you, that I shall be very circumspect 
in my behaviour, and shall punctually observe your Excel- 
lencys Instructions ; Should your Excellency have any fur- 
ther commands during my stay in Canada, and should send 
your Letters to Coll. Lydius at albany, he may have an 
oppertunity in the winter of conveying your Letters to this 
place — 

The Inclosed Letter, I had the honour to receive from the 
General, in answer to that I had the Honour to receive of 
your Excellency and deliver'd him — 

Your Excellency will I hope forgive the Liberty I take to 
inclose a Letter for my good Father — 

Your Excellency will excuse my giving You a particular 
account of the Country, they have had a plentiful summer, & 
a very fine harvest in this part of the Country — 

Permit me that I have the honour to be with utmost 
Respects Your Excellencys most Obedient and most humble 
Servant 

Montreal Nov r 30 th 1753. Nat Wheelwright 

His Excellency William Shirley Esq' 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 231 

Speech. Dec. <5, 1753. 

" Gentlemen of the Council and House of Representatives 

During the Recess of the Court I have comply'd w th the 
Requests contain'd in the several Messages, w ch You sent me 
in your last Session. 

Pursuant to your Vote of y e 7 th & Message of y e ll tb of 
Sept r desiring me ( if I could not attend the Buisness myself ) 
to appoint Commissioners to meet the Eastern Indians, & to 
distribute the Annual Presents of this Government to them 
in the most advantageous Manner ; Also that I would give it 
in Charge to the Commissioners, to remonstrate to the 
Indians at their Interview with them, the Injustice & Base- 
ness of their Conduct in carrying away & detaining the 
Children of Benj a Mitchel & Lazarus Noble, contrary to the 
Treaties of Friendship subsisting between us, & their 
repeated Promises to restore the said Children ; & to insist 
on their performing what they have promiss'd ; Also that 
they should lay before the Indians the just Right of the 
English to all the Lands along the River Kennebeck above 
y e fort at Richmond, & to use their best Endeavours to make 
them acquiesce in y e Settlements intended to be made there ; & 
appointed Commissioners, who proceeded upon that Buisness 
to S 4 Georges & Richmond forts, w ch particular Instructions 
relating to the beforemention'd Points : & the Result of 
their Interview & Conference w th those Indians, as also the 
Effect of the Letter w ch I wrote to the Indians by those 
Gentlemen, to apprize them of the base Practices of their 
Jesuit Priests to create Jealousies & a Misunderstanding 
between them & this Gov 1 , will appear in the Copy of the 
Conference, between them & the Commissioners w ch together 
with a Copy of my Letter to y e Indians, I shall order the 
Secretary to lay before You. 

And in Compliance w th your Request in that part of the 
said Message, wherein You desire me to write to the Govern- 



232 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

our of Canada upon his delivering two of the above 
mention'd Children of Benj a Mitchel & Lazarus Noble, who 
were found in the Possession of some French Indians at 
Montreal, by their fathers, whom the French Governour 
refus'd to permit to treat w th their Masters for their Redemp- 
tion, but oblig'd to depart instantly out of the Country; I 
have wrote to the said Govarnour, & in strong terms 
remonstrating ag* this Proceeding as a Violation of the 
Amity now subsisting between y e two Crowns, & an Infringe- 
ment of the natural Rights & Liberties of Mankind, & have 
demanded of him to deliver up those Children & whatever 
other Captives, appertaining to this Gov*, might be found in 
Canada, to M r Nath 1 Wheelwright, whom I have commis- 
sion'd to deliver my Letter to him ( a Copy of w ch shall be 
lay'd before You) & to demand Restitution of the said 
Children " 



Message. Dec. 13, 1753. 

Gentlemen of the Council & House of Repres ves 

In nxy Speech to you at the Opening of this Session I 
urged your making Provision for the Speedy & effectual 
Repairs of the several Forts on the Frontier of this Province, 
& the Finishing of them with suitable Artillery & other 
Stores of War. 

Since that time I have been informed that the Commiss rs 
for the Interview with the Eastern Indians the last year, 
appointed by the Lieut. Govornour then Comm r in Chief, 
agreable to Instructions receiv'd from him, viewed the sev- 
eral Forts in the Eastern Parts & at their Return made 
Reports of the Condition they were then in ; The Substance 
of which is contained in the Schedule I now send you ; By 
w oh you will find the decayed & ruinous Condition of those 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 233 

Forts : And it being more than a Year since that Survey 
was made & no considerable Repairs made since, We must 
conclude they are in a much worse Condition now. 

Therefore, And in Consideration of the present hazardous 
Conjuncture of Affairs as I particularly represented to you 
in my Speech I am obliged to repeat my Desires to you that 
no time may be lost for putting those Forts into a good 
Posture of Defence. And in particular that Care be taken 
that the small arms be good & substantial. And I would 
further recommend to you that hereafter Reports may be 
made of the said Forts from time to time, on the first Decay ; 
which will save a Charge to the Province, & may prevent 
their falling into the hands of the Enemy upon their being 
assaulted in their weak & decayed Condition. 

And as it is of great Importance that good Interpreters of 
the Indian Language be retained in the Service of the 
Province, And as I have been informed that Walter M c Far- 
land, now Interpreter at Richmond Fort, is very capable of 
that Business I hope you will give sufficient Encouragem* 
for his Continuance therein. 
Council Chamber 14 Dec r 1753 W Shirley 

In the House of Rep v Dec 1 14 1753 

Read & Ordered that the foregoing Message from his 
Excel cy be Committed to the Com tee Appointed upon that 
part of his Excel cy8 Speech Respecting Fortifications &c to 
Consider & report thereon 
Sent up for Concurrence 

T. Hubbard Spk r 
In Council December 14. 1753 
Read and Concurd 

Tho 8 Clarke Dp ty Secry 

Fort S 1 George, wants some Repairs, on the Eastern Wall 
particularly, & if the same was shingled or clabboarded 



234 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

directly On the inside as well as Outside it would be of 
great Service. 

In this Garrison there are 10 Cannon of various sizes 
from 8 tr To 12 tr Ball but very poor— 2 Cohorn's, ab* 40 
hand Granadoes, & near 100 small Arms, but very poor. 
Fort Frederick. The Walls in generall are good, want some 
small matter of pointing — the platforms much out of 
Repair — Glass very defective &c 

In this Garrison are 17 Cannon, viz 1 9.9 1 2.4 1 1.3 1 15.1 1 
which are good, 27 Small Arms very poor 40 hand Gran- 
adoes Shott & Artillery for the Cannon, Enough. 
Richmond Fort, wants much repair, especially the Barracks, 
No Chimney at present in the Guard room, the Cells of 
the Mansion House are rotten, as well as part of the Walls 
of the Garrison, being laid under ground. 

If the Walls of this Garrison also, were shingled or 
clabboarded 'twould be of great Service. 

In this Garrison are 5 Cannon, Viz 1 1.12 1 1.4 1 3.1 1 but 
very poor 

No Artillery i. e. Spunges, Ladles, Rammers &c About 30 
small Arms, but very poor 



Report. 

The Com tee on his Excellency's Message of 14 th Instant, 
beg Leave to report in part — Viz* 

That his Excellency the Governour be desired to give 
Orders, that Walter McFarland the present Indian Inter- 
preter at Richmond, repair directly to Boston, in order to 
perfect himself in Reading, writing & Cyphering, the Cost of 
which, together with his Boarding for 3 or 4 Months, to be 
at the Charge of the Province And that Robert Dewee who 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 235 

hath some knowledge of the Indian tongue be sent to Rich- 
mond & be employed as Interpreter, during the Absence of 
the said Walter. 

Jacob Wendell by order 

In Council Decem r 20, 1753 ; Read & Sent down 

In the House of Representatives Dec 1 20 1753. 

Read & Accepted Sent up for Concurrence 

T Hubbard Spk r 
In Council Decern 1 21. 1753 Read & Concur'd 

Tho 8 Clarke Dp^ Secry 
Consented to W Shirley 



Letter, Josiah Willard to Capt. W m Lithgow 

Boston Dec r 21, 1753 
Sir, 

This is to acquaint you that at the Desire of the two 
Houses the Governor orders that you send your Interpreter 
Walter McFarland to Boston as soon as may be in Order to 
perfect him self in Reading Writing & Cyphering, the Cost 
of which as also of his Board for three or four Months will 
be born by the Governm 1 And His Excellency also orders 
that Robert Dewee ( a Negro Man who hath some Knowledge 
of the Indian Tongue) be employed as Interpreter at your 
Garrison during the said Walter McFarlands Absence. 
I am Sir Your humble Serv 1 

J Willard 
Capt W m Lithgow 

A Paragraph of a Letter To D r Gardiner dated in Frank- 
fort in Kennebeck river Decern 1 26, 1753 

" There has a very Bad affair happen'd here ( as I'm 
" inform'd ) 



236 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

" There are Two Indians killed on Montinicus Island by 
" the man that was Order'd of from it a few Days Ago. 

" One Wright came up & informed Capt Lithcow of it & 
" Said he knew the Two men that saw it Done - & help'd to 
" bury them there, & their Guns, but he wou'dn't tell their 
" names - The Indians are ignorant of it at present But when 
they know it, they will revenge themselves, I am afraid, & 
we may Look out, for we are but Weak ) If this be true, I 
think, Such Villains ought to dye without pity. 

It is said the man that Did it is now at Small point. 



Letter, Secry Willard to Col. Preble 

Boston Jan* 3, 1754. 
Sir 

His Excellency orders me to send you the inclosed Com- 
mission, & to desire you to proceed to Fort Hallifax without 
Delay unless your Want of Health or other Circumstances 
should prevent your Going thither, And that you would, in 
such Case, forward the Commission to Cpt. Lithgow by the 
first Opportunity you have without considerable Charge to 
the Province, For His Excellency will send an Exemplifica- 
tion of said Commission by Cpt. Saunders who is now ready 
to sail. 

[ Indorsed ] 

The Secrys Letter to Coll. Preble 

Jan. 3, 1754. 



Message of Both Houses to His Excellency Jan. 4, 175/f.. 

May it please your Excellency, 

It is with great Gratitude, that We acknowledge the many 
Instances of his Majestys paternal Care, for the security of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 237 

his good Subjects of this Province, more especially that 
of late, signified to your Excellency by a Letter from the 
Earl of Holdernesse, one of his principal Secretarys of State 
( a Copy of which your Excellency hath been pleas'd to lay 
before us ) that you should be upon your Guard, and put the 
Province under your Government, into a Condition at all 
Events to resist any hostile attempts which may be made 
upon it. 

In Pursuance of this Letter, Your Excellency having 
recommended to us the repairing and strengthning the sev- 
eral Forts and Garrisons of this Province and putting the 
whole into a proper State of Defence, we have accordingly 
made provision for doing it, 

But upon this Occasion we beg Leave to represent to your 
Excellency that his Majestys Subjects of this Province, have 
at all times exerted themselves, even beyond their Ability's 
not only for the Defence and Security of his Subjects and 
Territorys, but even in making valuable acquisitions to his 
Majestys Crown, the several Instances of which during the 
late War, we need not repeat to your Excellency, they hav- 
ing been done upon your Recommendation and under your 
Direction. 

The Consequence of this, we flattered ourselves, would 
have been an effectual Security against future Danger from 
any Incroachments or Invasions of our French Neighbours, 
But, it is with great Concern, that we find the French have 
made such extraordinary Encroachments, and have taken 
such measures, since the conclusion of the late War, as 
threaten great Danger, and perhaps in Time, even the entire 
Destruction of these Provinces ( without the interposition of 
his Majesty ) notwithstanding any provision we can make to 
prevent it. 

This Colony by the great Number of Men, it supplied 
and lost in the Reduction and securing the Island 



238 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and Forts of Cape Breton ; the Troops sent from hence by 
your Excellency, from Time to Time for - Relief & Protec- 
tion of Annapolis — Royal, without which the whole 
Province of Accadie or Nova Scotia, must have fallen into 
the hands of the French ; the Expence occasioned to it by 
the late intended Expedition against Canada, as also for an 
attempt against Crown-point, which was rendered fruitless by 
other Governor's not Joyning with us ; And by our great 
Expence, both of Men and Money, during the Course of the 
late War, in providing for the Security and Protection of our 
large extended Frontier, and otherwise, is so much reduced, 
as to be less able to defend itself, against any Attacks, that 
may be made upon it, in case of a Rupture between the Two 
Crowns ; Whereas on the other hand, the French are in a 
much Better Situation to annoy it, than they were at the 
Commencement of the late War, For They have since the 
Conclusion of the Peace, erected a Fort on the Isthmus of 
the Peninsula near Bay-Verte, by means of which they main- 
tain a communication by Sea with Canada, S* John's Island, 
and Louisbourg, and at about thirteen Miles distance from 
that Fort, they have built a Block-house, & at three miles 
from that, another large strong Fort, situated within half a 
Mile of the Bason of Chegnecto, in the Bay of Fundy, and 
thereby have secured a Communication between that Fort 
and the River S l Johns on the West side of the said Bay. 

Near the Mouth of S l John's River they have possess'd 
themselves of two Forts formerly built by them, whilst they 
had a right to hold Accadie, the nearest of which to the Sea, 
they have likewise ( since the Conclusion of the peace repair'd, 
fortify'd with Cannon and Garrisoned with regular Troops, 
and have erected another strong large Fort at Twenty Leagues 
Distance up the River — have ( according to the best Intelli- 
gence) made very considerable Settlements upon it, and by 
these means they have secured the Indians inhabiting that 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 239 

River, computed at between four and five hundred Famitys, 
in their Interest, and carry on an exclusive Furr Trade with 
the French at Louisbourg, thro' the Bay of Fundy, where it 
is well known, French Ships of War, have constantly enter'd 
since the Conclusion of the Peace and loaded with Furrs to 
a great Value, at the Mouth of that River, which Trade the 
English were in possession of until the late War. 

Thus by their Encroachments since the Conclusion of the 
Peace, the French have possess'd themselves not only of the 
Isthmus of the Peninsula of Nova Scotia, with Bay-Verte in 
the Gulf of S l Lawrence on the one side, but of the River of 
S l John, with the whole West side of the Bay of Fundy on 
the other, where the Crown heretofore used to maintain a 
Fort during their possession of Accadie or Nova Scotia. 

How fatal the consequence of these Encroachments may 
be, if the French should continue in the possession of them, 
till a rupture happen between the two Crowns, not only to 
the Eastern parts of his Majestys Territory's within this Prov- 
ince, which border upon Nova Scotia, and in particular to his 
Majestys Woods, from whence greatest part of the Maste 
Yards and Bowsprits, with which his Royal Navy are sup- 
ply 'd, and which would feel the immediate Effects of these 
Encroachments ; but also in time, to the whole of this Prov- 
ince and the rest of his Majestys Territorys upon this Conti- 
nent, your Excellency is so well apprized, that we need not 
set them forth here. 

Whilst the French held Accadie under the Treaty of S' 
Germain, they so cutt off the Trade of this Province & gall'd 
the Inhabitants with Incursions into their Territorys from 
their Forts at the River Pentagoet & S' Johns, that Oliver 
Cromwell the then Protector found it necessary for the safety 
of New England in 1654 to make a Descent by Sea, into the 
River of S l John and dispossess of that & all their other 
Forts in Accadie. And after that Province was restor'd to 



240 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the French in consequence of the Treaty of Breda in 1667 
by King Charles 2 d this Colony felt again the same mischeiv- 
ous Effects, from their possessing it, insomuch, that after 
forming several Expeditions against it, the Inhabitants were 
oblig'd in the latter End of the War in Queen Ann's Reign, 
to represent to her Majesty, how destructive the possession 
of the Bay of Fundy and Nova Scotia, by the French, was to 
this Province and to the British Trade, whereupon the British 
Ministry thought it necessary to fit out a formal Expedition, 
against that Province with English Troops and a consider- 
able armament of our own, under General Nicholson in 1710, 
when it was again reduced to the Subjection of the Crown of 
Great Britain, but by the late Encroachments of the French, 
especially upon S l John's River & the West side of the Bay 
of Fundy, which borders on this Province, we are in case of 
a rupture liable to feel, more mischeivious Effects than we 
have ever yet done, unless his Majesty shall be graciously 
pleas'd to cause them to be removed. Besides these late 
Encroachments, whereby we may be more immediately 
expos'd on the Eastern parts of the Province, there is another 
( tho of a longer standing ) from whence we have been greatly 
annoyed, in the late War, in the Western parts of it, and 
from whence we shall always be exposed to the greatest Dan- 
ger on that side, without some further Check, than there is 
at present : - We mean the Fort at Crown point. 

This, May it please your Excellency is the Rendezvous for 
all their Forces, the Grand Magazine for their Stores of all 
Sorts and the place to retreat to on every occasion, when 
they think proper to make any Incursions, upon our Western 
Frontier, or any other of his Majestys Provinces to the West- 
ward ; So that if the French are suffered to continue in the 
posession of that Fort, without another being erected to curb 
it, will ( in our apprehension ) greatly endanger the Loss, of 
the Indians of the Six Nations, to his Majesty, & thereby dis- 
tress all the Provinces. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 241 

Being thus expos'd on every side - having a large Frontier 
to defend, the doing of whieh hitherto, has been a great 
Expence of Blood and Treasure to us, we are very sensible 
of the Necessity of his Majestys Colonys affording each other 
mutual Assistance, and we make no doubt but this Province 
will at all times with great Chearfulness, furnish their just 
and reasonable Quota toward it ; 

All which we beg your Excellency would be pleas'd to 
represent to his Majesty in such manner as you shall think 
most proper. 

W m Pepperrell by order of y e Comittee 

In Council Jan y 4, 1754 Read & sent down 

In the House of Rep Jan y 4 th 1754 

Read Accepted & Ordered that M r Speaker M r Wells Col 
Worthington Col White & Col Partridge with Such as the 
Honourable Board shall Join be a Committee to wait upon 
his Excellency the governour with this Message. 

Sent up for Concurrence T Hubbard Spk r 

In Council Jan? 4 1754 Read & Concur'd & Benj a Lynde 
& Samuel Watts & John Chandler Esq rB are joined in the 
Affair 

Tho s Clarke Dp ty Secry. 



Letter, Gov. Shirley to Capt. Phinehas Stevens 

Boston March 4, 1754. 
Sir, you have herewith inclosed a Copy of a Vote of the 
General Court of this Province for Withdrawing Pay & Sub- 
sistence from the Garrison at the Fort at Number 4 under 
your Command; So that you must now look your self & 
Company to be discharged from any duty there by Vertue of 
any Commission you have from me, or the Commander in 

16 



242 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Chief of this Province in my Absence, And of this you must 
forthwith acquaint your Company. 

Whatever great Artillery, Small Arms & other Stores of 
War at your Fort belong to this Province you must take 
them into your safe Custody till you receive Advices from 
the Commissary General of this Province, & then deliver 
them to him. 

I am Your assured Friend & Servant 

W Shirley 
Cpt. Phineas Stevens 



Letter, Gov. Shirley to Capt. B. Muggeridge 

Boston March 6, 1754. 
Capt n Benjamin Muggeridge 

As I apprehend it for his Maj tys Service that one Person 
shall have the chief Command of the Independent Companies 
forthwith to be raised for the Protection of the Eastern 
Frontiers, I have appointed Capt n George Berry for that Ser- 
vice, & on any of the Forts being attack'd our Inhabitants 
killed or their Houses burnt by the Enemy in that Frontier, 
when you have done all in your Power to cut off their 
Retreat pursuant to my former Instructions, if you find them 
withdrawn you are in that Case forthwith to proceed to Rich- 
mond Fort, & to follow the Orders of the said Capt n Berry 
in marching up Kennebeck River for making Discoveries so 
far as the River Chaudiere ( of any french Fort or Settlement 
attempting to be made, & for destroying the Indians & their 
Settlements. 

I am Your Friend & Serv 1 

W. Shirley 

The above Circular Letter was also sent to Cap ts Dunning 
Hunter Nichols & Wright 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 243 

Letter, Gov. Shirley to Capt. G. Berry $ others 

Boston March 7, 1754. 
You are hereby directed after you have raised the Com- 
pany mentioned in my Instructions to you to take Care that 
the Men are all of them forthwith Provided with one Pound 
of Powder six Flints & two Pounds of Ball, as also with 
Swan or Bear Shot, the three former of Which Articles You 
are to demand of the Select Men of your Town who are 
hereby ordered to deliver the same into your Custody, to be 
distributed to your Company upon their setting out on their 
March, and if the Town have not a Stock sufficient, the Men 
must forthwith purchase the needfull Quantity & they shall 
be allowed by the Governm 1 for what they shall expend of 
the Same in this Service ; And in Case you shall not make 
any March in the said Service, you must return the Ammu- 
nition w ch you shall receive out of the Town Stock to the 
Select Men at the End of the said Service, — You will be fur- 
nished with Provisions for the Service at Richmond Fort, as 
also w th what further Ammunition you may want for your 
Comp a & as to the Provisions which you shall have need of 
in your March thither, the Men must provide for themselves 
& they shall be allowed for it by the Province 

I am Y r Friend & SeiV W S 

To Cap 18 George Berry Benj a Muggeriddge David Dunning 
Adam Hunter John Wright and Alexander Nichols 



Wiscasset Petition. March 13, 1754. 

To his Excelancy the Governour Council & House of Repre- 
sentatives of the Province of the Masechusets Bay in 
Generall Court Assembled at Boston 29 l May 1754 — 
The Humble Petation of us the Subscribers &c a Number 



244 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

of Inhabitants to the Number of about fifty Families who 
have been for near twenty Years last past Bringing Forward 
a Setlement at a Place Called Whiscasick to the Eastward of 
Georgetown within the County of York and Whereas we 
finde by Sad Experance that we in the Sircumstances that we 
are in and for want of our being Erected into a Town or 
District and being Invested with the Powers & Privaleges 
that Other of his Majesties Good Subjects do Injoy Cannot 
Orderly Prosede to the Calling Setting & Supporting a Gos- 
ple Minister Employing & Mentaining a School Master for 
teaching our Children & Many other Ill-conveniences not 
Nesasery to be Mentioned to Your Excelancy & Honours 
You well Knowing what People meet with here where Order 
& Goverment is Wanting This therefore waits on Your 
Excelancy & Honours to Pray You to take - Premises into 
Your Wise Consideration & If it may be Agreable to Your 
Pleasures that You Would be Pleased to Erect us into a 
Town or District & Invest us with the Powers & Priveleges 
as Other of his Majesties Good Subjects do Injoy in the like 
case May it Please Your Exelancy & Honours whereas we 
Setled Under a Number of Proprietars ( Whereof S r William 
Pepperrill Barenite was one ) Known by the name of the 
Whiscasick Proprietors & in Order to Include their claime 
within the said Town or District which we Pray may be 
Called by the name of White haven this we would Humbly 
Propose that the Bounds thereof be Stated & Decribed after 
the following manner Vix Begining at a Place known by the 
name of the Upper Part of Sheepscutt Upper Narrows two 
Milds and a half Northeast from Whiscasick Point thence 
Runing Northwest five Milds then runing South west untill 
it comes to the eastren bounds of Georgetown then Runing 
by Georgetown Eastren line untill it comes to Wadleys or 
Moun Swag Bay then begining at Sheepscutt Narrows afores d 
& Runing South East two Milds & a Half thence South so 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



245 



far as that a North West line will strike the lower end of 
Jeremy Squani or Long Island Including all the Islands 
within the above Bounds So may it Please Your Excelancy 
& Honours we have taken leve to Propose and wait Your 
Pleasure & as in Duty Bound Shall Ever Pray &c 
dated at Whiscasick March y e 13 th 1754 



Jon n Williamson 
William Alford 
David Danford 
Robert hooper 
Nat 11 Lamson 
Robert M c lean 
Tho 8 Kenny 
Joshua Tufts 



Joseph Taylor 
John Baker 
Isaac Young 
James Bruer 
Elisha Renay Juii" 
Hate Evil Coson 
Edward Coson 
Ambros Colby 



Richard Holbrook John Cuningham 
John Chapman Sam 11 Chapman 

Elisha Kenney Daniel Tibits 



George Gray 
John Gray 
Obadiah Allbee 
Obadiah Allbee Jun r 
John Wilks 
Dan 1 Tibits 
Joshua Silvester 
John Alley 
Jonathan Blackledge 
Joseph Young 
32 in all. 



Sir 



Letter, Gov. Shirley to Capt. Muggeridge $• others 

Boston March 18, 1754 



It is highly probable that I shall have some Important ser- 
vice wherein to employ the Independent Companies on your 
Frontiers as soon as the Rivers are clear of Ice ; And Altho 
the matter is not yet fixed and determined, yet I think it 
necessary that you and the other Officers should have this 
General Intimation, and accordingly I direct you to intimate 
the same to the Men in your List, that so they may be ready 
for Service (if it should be proceeded in at the Shortest 
Warning ; Let them know that they will be Well paid for 
the Time wherein they will be engaged ; which probably will 
be but short and that; And that necessary Provisions & 



246 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Ammunition will be laid in for them : In the mean time you 
will take Special Care to hold your Company in readiness to 
March upon the Service of your present Commission accord- 
ing to the Instructions already sent you 

I am Y r Friend & Serv 1 

W Shirley 
Cap ts Muggeridge David Duning Adam Hunter 
John Wright, Alexander Nichols 

The Governor's Speech. March 28, 175J/.. 

Gentlemen of the Council & House of Representatives 

I having received, in the Recess of the Court, some Dis- 
patches which nearly Concern the Welfare of the Province, 
I thought it Necessary to require a General Attendance of 
the Members of Both Houses at this Meeting of the Assem- 
bly, that the Matters Contain'd in them may have as full & 
Speedy a Consideration, as the Importance of them Seems to 
Demand. 

By Accounts sent from Richmond Fort, & Declarations 
made before me & his Majesty's Council by two of the Set- 
tlers at Frankfort upon the River Kennebec, I am informed, 
that in the Summer before last, a Considerable Number of 
French settled themselves on a Noted Carrying Place, made 
Use of by the several Indian Tribes inhabiting that part of 
the Country, in their Passage to & from Canada, being about 
10 or 12 Miles Wide, which Separates the head of the afore- 
said River from that of the River Chaudiere, w ch last falls 
into the Great River S* Lawrence at four miles & an half 
Above the City of Quebeck : And [ from a Canada Indian, 
who quitted that City about 3 years ago, an Acco* of his hav- 
ing incurr'd the Displeasure of the late Gov r , & hath since 
resided in the Eastern parts of this Province for Protection.] 
I have received further Intelligence that the French are 
settled very thick for 12 Miles on Each side of said River 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 247 

Chaudiere at About thirty miles distance Above the Mouth 
of it, and in the Mid-way between the River S l Lawrence & 
the beforementioned Carrying Place; and the Captain of 
Richmond Fort in his Letter dated 23 d of last Jan ry , Informs 
me, that the Norridgewalk Indians have Declared to him 
" that they had given the new french Settlers upon the Car- 
" rying Place, Liberty to hunt any where in that Country, as 
" a Recompence for the great Service, they will be of to them, 
" in a time of War with the English, by supplying them with 
" Provisions & Military Stores." — 

The same Officer further Acquaints me in another Letter 
dated Feb ry 11 th , that several Indians of the Arressigunticook 
& some of the Penobscot Tribe, amounting together with the 
Norridgwalk Indians to Sixty Effective Men, besides Boys, 
Capable of Using Arms, were then lately arrived in the 
Neighbourhood of the French under his Command ; & that 
thd they assembled there on pretence of writing a joynt Let- 
ter to me, as they have done, Yet he had reason to expect 
from their Haughty Insolent Behaviour, the repeated open 
Threats of some of them & private Warning from Others, 
that as soon as the Rivers should be free from Ice, they would 
Commit Hostilities against the English upon that, & the 
Neighbouring Rivers ; in which they intimate, they are to be 
Assisted by a Number of French from Canada, disguis'd like 
Indians ; And in another Letter dated the 10 th of March, he 
acquaints me that the French Priest, Missionary to the 
Indians of the River Kennebec appeared to him to be contin- 
ually Using Artifices to Excite the Indians to prevent Our 
Settlements from being Extended higher up it ; to set them 
at variance with the English ; & dispose them to a War with 
them this Spring. — 

Most of these Accounts are Confirm'd by the Declarations 
of the before mentioned Settler at Frankfort, with these 
Additional Circumstances, that the french Priest hath been 



248 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

very inquisitive after Roman Catholick Families in that Set- 
tlement, & Used Endeavours to draw off some of the Inhab- 
itants into the Service of the French, particularly for Build- 
ing a Chapel & a Dwelling House for himself upon that 
River, About three or four Miles above Cushana, & at the 
Distance of 24 from Frankfort and been very industrious to 
Perswade them that it was within the French Territories : 
and the Indians have further Declared, that they have been 
instigated by the Governor of Canada to hinder the English 
from settling upon any part of the River: which is Strongly 
confirm'd by a Deposition of Capt n Lithgow, made in Aug Rt 
last. 

Upon this Occasion, Gentlemen, I sent as soon as might 
be, with the Advice of his Majesty's Council, the necessary 
Reinforcements of Men & Stores to all the Eastern Forts ; 
issu'd Commissions for raising six Indian Companies in the 
Townships & Districts next Adjacent to them with Orders 
for Officers & Soldiers to hold themselves in constant readi- 
ness to march, upon any Alarm, to the Succour of any neigh- 
bouring Fort or Settlement, which may be Attack'd ; to cut 
off the Enemy in their Retreat ; & in Case, they shall find 
that the Norridgwalk Indians have committed Hostilities, to 
break up their Villages & settlements upon Kennebec, & to 
kill or Captivate all they can meet with of their Tribe; I 
likewise Ordered an Officer, commissioned by me for that 
Purpose, to Proceed by the first Opportunity, to the Suppos'd 
Place of the New french Settlement, in Order to discover the 
Certainty & Circumstances of it, & to require the French 
Commandant to retire & withdraw the People under his Com- 
mand from that Spot as being under his Majesty's Dominion 
& within the Limits of this Government. — 

And I doubt not, Gentlemen, from your Distinguished 
Zeal for the Defence of his Majesty's Territories, & the Pro- 
tection of his Subjects within this Government upon all Occa- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 249 

sions, but that upon a Refusal of the French to comply with 
that Requisition, You will make sufficient Provision for ena- 
bling me to Compel them, with the Arm'd Force of the Prov- 
ince, to free it from their Incroachments. 

The Concern, Gentlemen, \v ch You Express'd in your Mes- 
sage to me at Our Meeting in December last, upon your 
Apprehensions of the iminent Danger, which the Province 
was in, from the French's having fortifyed themselves upon 
the River of S* John's close to Our Borders, leave me no 
room to Doubt of your being sensible of the fatal Conse- 
quences in General, that must Attend the Incroachments, 
which it seems plain, they are now pushing into the Heart of 
the Province (as the General Court in a Vote pass'd the 16 th 
of Jan ry 1749, justly calls the River Kennebec) unless they 
are timely remov'd. — 

But it may not be improper for me to Observe to You in 
particular, that it Appears from an Extract w ch I have lately 
caus'd to be made of some Original Letters taken among 
Father Ralle's papers at breaking up the Indian Settlement 
at Norridgwalk in 1724, & which Pass'd between him, Father 
Lauverjat Priest of the Penobscot Tribe, & Father La Chasse 
Superiour of the Jesuits at Quebec, during the Indian War 
in the Years 1723 & 1724; That the Head of Kennebeck 
River, near which the Indians have declared the French have 
made a new Settlement, was the Centre of most of the Tribes 
then at War with Us, & the general Rendezvous of all that 
came to the Eastern Parts : The Hurons, the Iroquois of the 
falls of S l Lewis, The Tribe of S 4 Francis, ( or Arressigunti- 
cooks ) and the Indians of the Seigneurie ( as the French call 
them ) of Becancour on the one Hand us'd to Assemble with 
the Norridgewalks here, from their several Settlem 18 ; and the 
Penobscotts from their River, on the other: here they held 
their Consultations, & from hence issu'd out in parties united, 
or Separate, as best suited them, against the English ; hither 



250 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

they retired after Action, & brought their Wounded for 
Relief ; & here, if they met with Provisions, they far'd well ; 
if not, they Suffer' d greatly for want of them. 

It Appears further from these Letters, that the several 
French Missionaries chiefly conducted and managed this 
War ; that they had the Care of Supplying the Indians with 
the necessary Provisions & Stores for Carrying it on ; were 
Employed to make them persevere in it, & to push them on 
to their boldest Enterprizes ; that they Transmitted Acc t8 of 
their Proceedings to the Governor of Canada thro' the Hands 
of the Superiour of the Jesuits at Quebec, thrd whom like- 
wise they received their Directions from thence ; as the Gov r 
of Canada seems to have done his, upon this Occasion, from 
the Court of France. 

And I Would further Observe, that this Route affords the 
French a shorter Passage for making Descents from Quebeck, 
upon this Province, & destroying the whole Province of 
Main, with the King's Woods there, And in the Government 
of New Hampshire, than any other whatever from Canada. 

These Advantages, winch the Possession of this River 
would give the French over this Province, make it easy to 
Account for their Constant Endeavours ever since the Treaty 
of Breda, at which it was determin'd, in the most Solemn 
manner between the two Crowns, that the River Pentagoet 
or Penobscot was the Boundary between New England & 
Accadia or Nova Scotia, to Extend their Limits by Claim 
upon all Occasions, ( as in fact they have done ) to the East- 
ern side of the River Kennebec ; thd they never Attempted, 
untill within these few Years, to pass Over the River S l Law- 
rence within the extent of this Province. 

I am Satisfyed, it is needless for me Gentlemen, to Urge 
any thing more, to Shew how necessary for the Safety of 
this Governm 1 it is, that we should Secure to Ourselves the 
Possession of this important River, against the Incroachments 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 251 

of the French, without Delay : and I think the present Situ- 
ation of Affairs in that Country must Convince You, how 
vain a Scheme it would now be, to have your sole Depend- 
ance, for gaining this point, upon making Annual Presents 
to Indians who appear to have Enter'd into an Offensive 
Alliance w tb the French against You ; & have Shewn evident 
Marks of a Disposition to put the River into their Power. 

How different are such proceedings from those of the 
French? Whilst we have been suing in Vain to a few 
Indians for their Permission to settle Lands within the 
undoubted Limits of this Province, & w ch themselves can't 
deny to have been purchased of their Ancestors ; and have 
in Effect promis'd them a Yearly Tribute to restrain them 
from Committing Acts of Hostility against Us ; The French 
have marched Armies into Distant Countrys of Numerous & 
powerfull Tribes, which without any Colour of Right they 
have invaded ; They have forbid them to make further Grants 
of any of their Lands to the English and are still building 
Strong Forts with an Avow'd Intent to drive them off from 
y e Lands already granted to them, & to Exclude them from 
all Commerce with those Indians, whom they have threatned 
with Destruction, if they shall presume to interfere in their 
Favour. 

It is time Gentlemen, for You to Desist from having your 
"" Chief Dependance upon temporary Expedients, which seem 
rather to have expos'd the Government to the Contempt of 
these Indians, than to have conciliated their Friendship to it ; 
and to take Counsel in part from the Policy of Our Neigh- 
bours. — 

Vigorous Measures against the French, in Case they shall 
refuse to quit his Majesty's Territories within this Governm* ; 
without being compell'd to it by Force ; building a Strong 
Fort Near the head of the River Kennebeck, above the Set- 
tlements of the Norridgewalk Indians ; & pushing on Our 



252 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

own Settlements upon it, in a defensible Manner, would 
effectually Rid the Province of the Incroachments of the 
former, & either hold the latter in a due Dependance upon 
Us, Or Oblige them to Abandon the River. 

And further, by making Ourselves, through this Means, 
Masters of the Pass, which was the General Place of Rendez- 
vous, during the Indian War in 1723 & 1724, of all the 
Tribes engaged in it, both in their Incursions, & Retreats 
We should have it in Our Powor to Curb all those Indians 
for the future, and in a great measure prevent them from 
attempting to make Depredations in Our Exposed Settlements. 

I must further Observe to You upon this Occasion, Gentle- 
men, how Dangerous Delays to make Suitable preparations 
for removing the French would be. 

How Practicable was it at first to have put a Stop to their 
Proceedings in Building their Fort at Crown point? And 
You can't but remember what Mischievous Effects of the 
Neglect to do that, in the beginning, were felt by this, & the 
Province of New York, in the Ravages which they suffer'd 
from thence during the late War. — 

The first Incroachment made by the French, since the Con- 
clusion of the Treaty of Aix la Chappelle ; upon the River 
S* John's, consisted of a small Party under a Lieutenant's 
Command: But by remaining there a short time, they are 
now Increas'd to a formidable Number, have fortifyed them- 
selves upon that River with a Garrison near the Mouth of it ; 
And insolently Exclude the English from Trading upon it, 
within the Undoubted Limits of his Majesty's Territories. 

A Short Delay to dislodge them from their Incroachments 
near the River Kennebeck might give them an Opportunity 
of making themselves Masters of that River likewise, in the 
End ; And in that Case we may Expect soon to see another 
Fort Built by them near the Mouth of it and the French in 
Possession of all the Sea Coast between that and the River 
S l John's.— 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 253 

Gentlemen — 

I have Other Matters of Importance to lay before You ; 
But as those I have already mentioned, require a most Speedy 
and Mature Consideration, & I would not in the least divert 
your Attention, from providing for what is immediately nec- 
essary to be done for the Safety of the Province; I shall 
defer communicating them to You for a few Days : But must 
not Omit to put You in mind now, that in the Year 1744, 
500 small Arms w ch had been then lately purchased in Eng- 
land for the Defence of Castle William, were taken out of it 
for the Service of the Expedition against Cape Briton, & 
have never since been replaced ; which the Condition of the 
Stores of that important Castle, requires to be done as soon 
as possible; And as I much doubt whether the Governm* 
hath a sufficient Quantity of good Effective Musquets to fit 
out 300 Men upon any Emergency, And I fear many of the 
private Arms in the Province are old & scarcely fit for Ser- 
vice against'an Enemy; I think that 500 more small arms at 
least should be provided without Delay. 

To Apprize You that, tho' I have sent Orders to Cap 1 Lith- 
gow for putting Fort Richmond into as good a posture of 
Defence as the ruinous State of it would Admit, w ch the 
imminent Danger it may be in from a Sudden Attack made 
necessary for me to do, yet I can't but think that all Money 
expended upon the Repairs of it Above what the present 
Emergency makes absolutely necessary will be an useless 
Expence to the Province, it being so far Decayed, as not to 
be Capable of being made Strong by any Repairs whatsoever : 

Cap 1 Lithgow's Letter of the 26 th of Feb ry to the Commis- 
sary General/ w ch with all Other necessary papers shall be 
lay'd before You by the Secretary/ will give You a Particu- 
lar Ace 1 of it's Rotten, decay 'd State, & of the Inconveniance 
of it's present Situation 

Gentlemen of the Council & House of Representatives. — 



254 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

I hope you will proceed in the Consideration of these Mat- 
ters with that Unanimity & Dispatch w ch his Majesty's Ser- 
vice & the Safety of the Province requires ; And that You, 
Gentlemen, of the House of Representatives will make the 
necessary Supplies. 

W Shirley 

Council Chamber, March 28 th 1754 



Petition of Ezekiel Cushing £ Wife. 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay 

To the Hon ble William Shirley Esq 1 Governour & Com- 
mander in Chief in and over said Province. To the 
Hon ble His Majestys Council & House of Representa- 
tives, 
Humbly sheweth, Ezekiel Cushing of Falmouth Esq 1 & 
Mary his Wife that Dominicus Jordan late of Falmouth dec d 
died seized & possessed of a Considerable Real & Personal 
[ Estate ] & left three Sons & two Daughters besides your 
Pet r Mary, that sometime before his Death it is supposed 
that he executed an Instrument in form of his last Will & 
Testament & the fifth Article thereof purports a Devise of 
Three Hundred Acres of Land of little Value, to your 
Petitioner Mary entail, that some time after an Instrument 
purporting to be a Codicil to the said Last Will as it is 
therein called was made, in which Codicil as it is called 
there is a Ratification of the greatest part of the afore- 
said Will, but an Express Exception (out of the Rati- 
fication ) of the Devise to your Pet r Mary, and it goes on 
& devises away one half thereof & is silent as to the Remain- 
der so that your Pet rs were left out & omitted in the sup- 
posed Will & Codicil taken together & their said Father as 
to them what ever he might be to others Intestate, And this 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 255 

was with your Pet r8 Mutter of just Objection against the 
proving of the aforesaid Nominal Will & Codicil, and was of 
no great Force that to prevent any Dispute your Pet rs & the 
other Heirs entered into the Agreement a Copy whereof is 
herewith exhibited. In which it appears to be the Intent 
of the Parties that all Pretensions under the Will & Codicil 
should be given up & the Estate shared pursuant to the 
Agreement therein contained, & the Will Codicil if possible 
to be withdrawn from the Probate Office & destroyed, & this 
was further Ratified by the Letter signed by the Heirs & 
directed to the Judge of Probate, a Copy whereof is likewise 
herewith exhibited, And there was further a Parole Agree- 
ment between all the Heirs that in Case it should be necess- 
ary that they should all join in petitioning this great & 
General Court to direct & enable the Judge of Probate to 
suffer the Heirs to withdraw & cancell said Instrument. 

Yet so it is that the Judge of Probate apprehending & 
justly too that he had no Power to suffer the Will & Codicil 
to be withdrawn, & to hold the Partys to a Specific Execu- 
tion of their Contract hath proceeded to approve the Will & 
Codicil so called as the last Will & Testament of you r Pet r8 
Father and there being no Method at Common Law for your 
Petitioners to hold the Partys to a Specific Performance of 
their Agreement according to the Tenor thereof without the 
Interposition of this Great & General Court }'our Pet" must 
be without Remedy & unjustly suffer. 

It is therefore prayed that your Honour & their Hon d 
Houses would take the Premisses into your Wise Considera- 
tion and Order the Agreement aforesaid to be lodged in the 
Probate Office of the County of York & direct & impower 
the Judge of Probate for that County to settle said Estate 
according to the Tenure of said Agreement each Person 
there giving Security for the payment of such Sums & to 
such Persons as pursuant to the Tenor of said Agreement 



256 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

they were to pay & giving such Release & Discharges as 
they by said Agreement were to give, The Nominal Will & 
Codicil & the Probate thereof as the last Will & Testament 
of your Petitioners Father Notwithstanding, or otherwise 
releive your Petitioners upon the Premisses as in your great 
Wisdom shall appear most just & Reasonable. & Your Pet" 
(fee- 
Boston March 29. 1754 

Eze. Cushing 
Mary Cushing 

In the House of Representatives, March 29. 1754 

Read & Ordered that the Petitioners serve the adverse 
Party Dominicus Jordan, Nathaniel Jordan, Robert Mitchel 
& Miriam his Wife, Joseph Prout & Hannah his wife with a 
Copy of this Petition that they shew Cause (if any they 
have ) on the second Fry day of the next May Session why 
the Prayer thereof should not be granted. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

T. Hubbard Spk r 

In Council March 29. 1754 Read & Concur'd 

Tho 8 Clarke Dp 1 * Secry 

A True Copy Examined 

g Thos Clarke Dp ty Secry 

this may Certifiy that I have notifyed the above named 
dominicas Jordan and nathanel Jordan and Clemmen Jordan 
and robert michael and meriani his wife by reading the above 
Coppey to them and I have Cytyes with them of the same for 
me Joseph mariner Constable 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 257 

Petition "April 1, 1754" 

To His Excellency William Shirley Esq r The Honourable 
his Majesty's Council & the Honourable House of Rep- 
resentatives 
Humbly Shews 

That your Petitioners are Inhabitants of a Tract of Land 
on Kenebeck River included in the Grant from the late Col- 
ony of New Plymouth to Antipass Boies & others Situate & 
Bounded as follows Viz. beginning at a Point of Land called 
Baxters Point and thence proceeding South Easterly by the 
Water called Tuessick Gutt to a place called Hells Gate and 
from thence to a Point called Hocomoco Point and continu- 
ing along by the Water to a Place called Phipp_ his Farm 
and then going up Mountsweag Bay to Mountsweag River, 
Including a Small Island in said Bay called Oak Island and 
proceeding up said Mountsweag River one Mile and an half 
above Tappings Mills so called to a White Pine Tree marked 
B I and from said Pine Tree Westerly across the Land to a 
Point called Hutchinsons Point in Kenebeck River, and 
thence proceeding Southerly on Kenebeck River to Tuessick 
Point aforesaid Including Lyndes Island so called in said 
Kenebeck ; Purpose by Divine Permission and the Smiles of 
your Excellency & Honours accompanying our Endeavours 
to have the Gospell Preached among us and for the Encour- 
agement of which the Proprietors above Mentioned have 
made a Grant of Three Tracts of Land of One Hundred 
Acres Each Tract, One for the first settled Minister, One for 
the Ministry and the other for a School Lott. 

We most humbly pray your Excellency & Honours will 
Grant that the said Lands & Islands before Mentioned may 
be incorporated into a Township or District by the Name of 
with all the Priviledges & Immunities ariseing 
therefrom and your Petitioners as in Duty Bound shall ever 
Pray &c. 

17 



258 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



John Wright 
Elijah Grant 
James Stinson 
Joseph Paine 
Zacheus hebberd 
James 

John Wright Jun r 
Edward Savage 
Samuel Blanchard 
Ebenezer Smith 
James B 



John Gray Thomas Stinson 

thorn as Stinson Jun r Solomon Walker 



Joshua Farnam 
Daniel Savage 
Henry Edgar 
Phin 8 Nevers 
James Savage 
Daniel Lankester 
John Carlton 
Joshua Bay ley 



Isaac Savage 
Nathan Lankester 
Elisha Nevers 
Joseph Wright 
William Sewall 
John Gordy 
Jonathan Carlton 
Nathaniel Webb 
Ebenezer Brookin 
Richard Greenleaf 
Georges bolton 
John Andrews 
Daniel Lankester 



Jam 8 Gilmor 
Stephen Greenleaf Joseph Greenleaf 
Samuel Greenleaf Simon Crosby 
Samuel Wright William Gilmor 
William Pumery Ezra D 

45 Inhabitants Signers 
York ss/ Aprill 1 1754 

Then Cap 1 John Right personally appeared and made 
solom oath that the persons that have signed the within 
petition are inhabitants on the tract of land therein 
described. 
Sworn to before 

me Samuell Denny Jus 18 peace 



Letter Gov. Shirley to Bartholemew, an Indian. 

Boston April 11, 17 [54] 
Good Friend, 

I have received your Letter by M r Hancock And 
in Answer to it, I would have you proceed, as soon as the 
Season will possibly admit of your Travel g to the Head of 
Kennebeck River & the Carrying Place between that & 
Chaudiere River & make all the Discoveries you can of the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 259 

French Fort there & the Situation & Strength thereof; & 
upon your Return go directly to Cp l Lithgow, & inform him 
very particularly of all the Discoveries you shall have made 
in Order to his sending the same to me, I have directed Cpt. 
Bane to supply you with what small Matters you may need 
for your Convenience as you Desire : Your son hath the 
Countenance of being a brave Boy ; I will take good care of 
him and do what I can I doubt not of your fidelity to me, 
and you may depend upon my favour and protection accord- 
ing to your Good Services. 
Bartholemew 



Letter Gov. Shirley to Capt. Jonath n Bane. 

Boston April 11, 1754. 

Sir, You must as soon as possible deliver the inclosed Let- 
ter to the Indian Bartholemew & have it carefully interpreted 
to him, enjoining the Interpreter the utmost Secrecy & 
Observing the same Order your self. Bartholew desires you 
would trust him some small Supplies which he will pay for as 
soon as he is able : And I desire you would supply him 
accordingly. 

Cpt. Jonath" Bane 



Commission to James Bane April IS, 175 4-. 

By His Excy W m Shirley Esq r Capt n Gen 1 &c 
To M r James Bane Greeting 
I do hereby direct & impower you forthwith to proceed 
up Kennebeck River & so to the Carrying Place between the 
head of Kennebeck River & the Head of Chaudier River 
( taking with you for Guides or Assistants two other Persons 
( either English or Indians as you shall think best ;) And in 



260 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

your Passage thither, keep your selves concealed from any 
Discovery of the French or Indians as much as possible, & 
endeavour to find out the Certainty of the Report we have 
had of the French building a Fort or making a Settlement at 
the said Carrying Place : If you find a Fort or Settlem* there 
or near that Place you must go as nigh to it for view g as you 
can without Hazzarding a Discovery, that so you may give 
the exacttest Ace* that the Matter will admit of, respecting 
the Situation & Strength of the said Fort or Settlement & 
more especially if there be any Eminence of Ground near it 
that may command the same ; You must likewise take spec- 
iall Notice of the Land lying on Kennebeck River between 
Cooshnuck & Taconick, falls on both sides of the River, & 
what the Soil is & what Growth of Timber there is upon it 
particularly near Taconit falls ; And you must also observe 
the Falls of the River between those Places & how far it is 
practicable & in what manner as well as in what Season of 
the Year so as you may best judge to convey Provisions & 
other Goods from Cooshnuck to Taconick: Make all the 
convenient Dispatch you can on this Affair; & Return 
hither & make Report to me of your Doings herein. 

Given under my Hand & Seal at Boston the fifteenth day 
of April 1754 in the 27 th Year of his Maj tys Reign. 

W Shirley 

Letter Gov. Shirley to Grov. Wentworih. 

Boston April 22, 1754. 
Sir, 

In my last Letter to the Indians, met together on 

Kennebeck River, in Answer to their Letter to me ; I 

acquainted them that the publick Business of the Province 

would not allow me to see them at the latter Part of the 

Spring but if nothing necessarily prevented I would meet 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 261 

them some time in the Summer & would let them know by 
you the particular Time & Place I should determine upon 
for the Meeting: Upon Discourse with divers Persons 
acquainted with the Indians Affairs I find that it is not 
probable that their Hunting will be over till towards the End 
of May, so that the Middle of June may be as proper a Sea- 
son as any for the Indians as well as for me ; And therefore 
I purpose after the most necessary Business of the Gen 1 
Court shall be Dispatched which may be done in a few 
Days if Nothing extraordinary sh d prevent, to meet them at 
Falmouth ; And I accordingly hereby direct you to inform 
all the Indians on your River, that you can convene, That I 
do appoint the 15 th Day of June for the Time of Meeting 
them, & Falmouth to be the Place of Meeting ; And that I 
do expect as general a Meeting of their Tribe as can be 
assembled, so that all Matters between us may be amicably 
agreed upon & Settled, And that I desire that they would 
bring in as many of the S l Francois Tribe as can attend, 
especially of their Chief Men. 



Letter Q-ov. Shirley to Capt. John North. 

Cpt. John North, 

Agreable to the Request of Plymouth Proprietors 
(as they stile themselves) that I would give you Leave to go 
in their Service upon a Survey for the Proprietors & Inhab- 
itants I do hereby permit you to proceed on the said Busi- 
ness accordingly. 

Your Friend and servant 

Boston April 25, 1754. 
Sir 

I do hereby Order you to send a sufficient [ number ] of 

Men well armed & appointed in Whale Boats up Kennebeck 



262 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

River under the Command & Direction of Cpt. Samuel 
Goodwin, so far as Taconeck Falls, to view the Land there- 
abouts, & particularly to observe what Timber may be there 
suitable for the Building a Fort : If they meet with Indians 
in their Way they must offer no Violence to them, except 
they obstruct their proceeding & then to act only in their 
own Defence & to press forward Notwithstanding. 



M r Franklin to M r Partridge. 

Copy of a Letter from M r Franklin to M r Patridge dated 
Philadelphia May the 8 th 1754 
Sir 

With this I send you a Paragraph of News from our 
Gazette, with an Emblem printed therewith, which it may be 
well enough to get inserted in some of your most publick 
Papers. 

In haste I am your most humble Servant 

B : Franklin. 

Philadelphia 8 th May 1754. 
Friday last an Express arrived here from Major Washing- 
ton with Advice, That M r Ward, Ensign of Captain Trent's 
Company, was compelled to surrender his small Fort in the 
Forks of Mohongehela to the French on the 17 th past who 
fell down from Nenango with a Fleet of 360 Batoes & 
Canoes upwards of 1,000 Men, & 18 Pieces of Artillery, 
which they planted against the Fort ; and M r Ward having 
but 44 Men, & no Cannon, to make a proper Defence, was 
obliged to surrender on Summons, capitulating to march out 
with their Arms &c a , and They accordingly joined Major 
Washington who was advanced with Three Companies of the 
Virginia Forces, as far as the New Store near the Allegheny 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 263 

Mountains where the Men were employed in clearing the 
Road for the Cannon, which were every Day expected with 
Colonel Frye & the Remainder of the Regiment. 

We hear further, that some few of the English Traders on 
the Ohio escaped, but it is supposed the greatest Part are 
taken, with all their Goods & Skins to the Amount of near 
20,000 Pounds. The Indian Chiefs however have dispatched 
Messages to Pennsylvania and Virginia, desiring that the 
English would not be discouraged, but send out their 
Warriours to join Them, and drive the French out of the 
Country before they fortifie, otherwise the Trade will be 
lost, & to their great Grief, an eternal Separation made 
between the Indians & their Brethren the English. It is 
farther said that beside the French that came down from 
Nenango, another Body of near 400 is coming up the Ohio, 
and that 600 French Indians of the Chippaways & Ottaways, 
are coming down Siota River from the Lake, and many more 
French are expected from Canada ; The Design being to 
establish Themselves, settle their Indians, and build Forts, 
just on the Back of our Settlements, in all our Colonies ; 
From which Forts, as they did from Crown Point, They may 
send out their Parties to kill & scalp the Inhabitants, & 
ruin the Frontier Counties, Accordingly we hear that the 
Back Settlers in Virginia, are so terrified by the murdering 
and scalping of the Family last Winter, and the taking of 
this Fort, that they begin already to abandon their Planta- 
tions, and remove to Places of more Safety. -The Confidence 
of the French in this Undertaking seems well grounded on 
the present disunited State of the British Colonies, & the 
extreme Difficulty of bringing so many different Govern- 
ments and Assemblies to agree in any speedy & effectual 
Measures for our common Defence and Security, while our 
Enemies have the very great Advantage of being under one 
Direction, with one Council & one Purse. Hence, and from 



264 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



the great Distance of Britain, they presume that they may, 
with Impunity, violate the most solemn Treaties subsisting 
between the Two Crowns, kill, seize, & imprison our Traders, 
& confiscate their Effects at pleasure, (as they have done for 
several Years past,) murder & scalp our Farmers with their 
Wives & Children, and take an easy Possession of such 
Parts of the British Territory as they find most convenient 
for them, which, if They are permitted to do, must end in 
the Destruction of the British Interest, Trade, & Plantations 
in America. 




Letter, Gov. /Shirley to the Naval Officer at Newbury. 

Boston May 10, 1754 : 
Sir, 

I am informed that there are several Vessels in the Har- 
bour of Newbury, bound for Louisbourgh & ready to sail 
thither, And forasmuch as it may be prejudicial to this Gov- 
ernm 1 for any Vessel to proceed thither or to any other of 
the French Settlements in these Northern parts : 

I do hereby direct you not to give any Clearances to any 
such Vessels or any other Vessels which you may have strong 
Reason to suspect are design'd for such Places th6 they may 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 265 

offer to take out Clearances for other Places ; & this to be 
till my farther Order to take off this Suspension 
I am Sir Your humble Servant 

W. Shirley 
Naval Officer at Newbury 



Letter, Gov. Shirley to Hon. Col. John Grreenleaf. 

Boston May 10, 1754. 
Sir, 

1 have been informed that there are several Vessels in 
Newbury near sailing for Louisbourgh or other French set- 
tlem tB & some French men going Passengers in them in which 
case there will be danger of Intelligences being carried to the 
French of our Designs & Preparation in Relation to Kenne- 
beck River &c, whereupon I have directed the Naval Officer 
at Newbury not to give Clearances to any such Vessels till 
my further Order : And I must desire you to inquire into 
this Matter & let me know what Men are going in any of 
these Vessels & with their Names & Characters as soon as 
may be ; And that you would see the Masters of such Ves- 
sels who may be stop'd & let them know that this Restraint 
shall be taken off as soon as the Affairs of Governm* will 
admit of it ; w ch I hope will be in a very short time. 

You will be pleas'd in a particular manner to forbid the 
Masters of those Vessels in my name to carry off any French 
Men without my further Orders. 

I am Sir Your very humble Serv* 

W Shirley 
To the Hon ble Coll. John Greenleaf 



206 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Extract of a Letter from Cap 1 Charles Morris dated at 
Halifax May 15, 175^. 

I think it Necessary to Inform your Excellency of some 
Reports that have been made at different times of some 
Expedition concerted by the French. 

Last Winter a French Schooner came from Cape Sables 
into Lunenburg who Reported that a Schooner put in there 
who had been to S* Johns River with Arms Ammunition 
Stores & provision for a number of Indians who were to 
assemble there this Spring and also Reported that Eighty 
Indian Canoes were sent last fall to the Bay of Vert for some 
Expedition it was thought by them to dislodge the People at 
Lunenburg but that I Apprehend impracticable besides I am 
Apprehensive from the behavior of the Dutch who have often 
declared with great Confidence that the Indians will never 
molest them, and that it is more than probable they have 
secretly been Assur'd by the French that they shall not be 
molested, and that therefore they must have some other 
design. 

The Indians not being assembled at Coopegate at this time 
of the Year nor been on the Sea Coasts this Season as usual 
it is generally believed they are at the Bay of Vert. 

But what weighs more particularly with me is the Infor- 
mation one Deschamp a french Neuter in the English pay, 
and who lives with his family at Lunenburg gives me who 
says he is informed that the Indians are Collected together, 
& are to join the S 1 Johns Indians and the others to go West- 
ward ; he also Informs me That a French Neuter, Inhabitant 
of the North Shore, his Name I forgot generally Commands 
the Indians, and that he has 40 or 50 of them that is Neuters 
that have accompanied him in his Attack at Dartmouth and 
generally goes with him, that he is a bold enterprizing Fellow. 
Upon all which it appears to me they have some Grand 
design against the Eastern Settlements of New England, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 267 

perhaps to break up all to the Eastward of Kennebeck, which 
is the Western Limits of the French Claim. I have also 
heard there is to be a grand assembly of Indians sometime 
in June ; it may be expected about that time they will make 
some attack there. I thought proper to advertise your 
Excellency of this as all the Circumstances taken together 
seem to concur in such an Intention. 

Attest. J Willard Secry 

First Parish in Wells Petition. May 2%, 175Jf. 

To his Excellency William Shirley Esq r Captain General 
& Governour in Cheif in and over the Province of the Mas- 
sachusetts Bay, The Honourable his Majesties Council & the 
Honourable House of Representatives for said Province now 
sitting in Boston. — 

The humble Petition of the Freeholders & other Inhabit- 
ants of the first Parish in the Town of Wells, humbly sheweth, 
that the Committee for calling Parish meetings thro' a mis- 
take betwixt the old & New Stile have neglected to call their 
annual meeting for choosing Parish Officers in the Month of 
March but deferr'd it to April whereby we apprehend that 
we are not qualified to choose our Parish officers for the 
present year to the great Damage of the Parish, we there- 
fore most humbly pray, that you will take our present diffi- 
cult Circumstances into your Consideration & enable the 
Parish to meet & choose their Parish Officers & pass votes 
relating to the supporting the ministry & other necessary 
Affairs of said Parish as other Parishes qualified by Law 
notwithstanding this Omission — 

And your Pettionrs in Duty Bound shall Ever Pray — 
Wells May 23 th 1754— 

bis 

W m X Hilton Samuell Stewart John Storer 

mark 



268 DOCUMENTABY HISTORY 

Joseph Winn John Littlefield jr Daniel Chaney 
Isaac Littlefield James Littlefield John Bourn 
Jonathan Littlefield Jeremiah Littlefield Jr John Storer Jun r 

John Maxell James Davis Benjman Stevens 

Jacob Perkins John Heard Hubburd Josiah Credford 

Benjamin Jacobs Jeremiah Stewart Charles 

Eliab Littlefield Samvell Treadwell Sam 11 Emery 

John Stevens Nathaniel Hill Benjamin Kimball 

Joseph Littlefield Sam 11 Hatch Nath 1 Wells 

In the House of Representatives June 1, 1754 

Upon the pet n of the Inhabitants of the first parish in 
Wells 

Ordered that the Prayer of the Petition be granted and 
that the Parish Committee for s d Parish the Last Year be & 
hereby are Directed and Impowred to Issue their warrant to 
some Inhabitant of said Parish, Requiring him to warn and 
give Notice to the Inhabitants of said Parish Qualified by 
law to vote in Parish Affairs to Assemble themselves together 
at such time and place in said Parish as by said warrant shall 
be appointed to make Choice of such officers for said Parish 
as shall be Necessary and according to law ought to be 
Chosen yearly for the Transacting the Affairs of said Parish 
and the said Inhabitants so met are hereby Impowred to 
make Choice of such officers. And such officers so Chosen 
having ( first Taken the oath's injoyned by law ) shall have 
the like Power in their Respective offices as by law they 
would have had on their being Chosen according to the 
Directions of the Law in the month of march and Qualified 
as aforesaid. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

Att r 01 r Partridge Cler Doin Rep 

In Council June 1, 1764 Read & Concurd 

Tho 8 Clarke Dp 1 * Secry 
Consented to W Shirley 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 269 

Memorial. 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay 

To his Excellency William Shirley Esq r Captain General 
and Commander in Chief the Hon ble The Council and Hon ble 
House of Representatives of the Province aforesaid in Gen- 
eral Court assembled at Boston - Twenty ninth day of May 
1754 — 

The Memorial of the Proprietors of the Township for- 
merly Granted by this Great and Hon ble Court to Jonathan 
Powers and others lying on the back of North Yarmouth in 
the County of York 

Humbly Shews 
That your Memorialists before the last War proceeded so far 
in the Settlement of sad Township as to lay out Homelotts 
of Sixty Acres to a Right and to build a Commodious Meet- 
ing house for the Publick Worship of God & Erected houses 
on their Homelotts conformable to the Conditions of their 
Grant which was attended with very considerable Charge 
and were proceeding to Clear the lands but before they were 
Able to Accomplish the same the War broke out and the 
said Meeting house & other houses so built were burnt .or 
Destroyed by the Enemy and so your Memorialists were 
Obliged to Leave the Settlement of the same to a future 
time — 

That your Memorialists have been at Great Charge in lay- 
ing out a New division of Homelotts in said Township not 
more then ten acres to a lott that they Might Settle more 
Compact and Defenceable And have this present Year 
Erected A New Meeting house fifty foot long & twenty five 
feet Wide in said Township in the Center of the last men- 
tioned Homelotts which has cost a Considerable sum And 
were Ready to proceed in the Settlement of said Township 
Conformable to the Conditions of their Grant and should 



270 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

have perfected the same before the time limitted by your 
Excellency and Honours — 

But so it is may it please your Excellency and honours the 
late Rumour of War with the Indians has Retarded the Set- 
tlement your Memorialists humbly Conceiving that if they 
had proceeded in the Affair before it was known whether the 
Indians would Continue peaceable or not they should have 
been in Great hazzard of their lives. And as the time 
Allowed by your Excellency and honours is very near 
Expired — 

They therefore most humbly pray that such a further time 
for the Settlement of said Township may be allowed them as 
your Excellency and honours in Your Great Wisdom shall 
see Meet — and as in duty bound &c 

John Hill n - n the name & by order 

Joshua Henshaw V f the p rietor8 
Will m Story ) 

In the House of Representatives Novem r 5, 1754 — 

Read & Voted that the pet" & others in whose behalf they 
petition be Allowed further time not exceeding one year to 
Compleat the settlement of the Township in the petition the 
order of this Court in April 1753 Notwithstanding 
Sent up for Concurrence 

T. Hubbard Spk T 

In Council Nov r 6, 1754 
Read and Concur'd 

Tho 8 Clarke Dp ty Secry 
Consented to W Shirley 

Memorial of Sam 1 Goodwin 1754 

To His Excellency the Governour The Honourable the 
Council and House of Representatives 

The memorial of Samuel Goodwin most Humbly Shews. — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 271 

That your Memorialests is represented to your Excellency 
& Honours by a late Memorial signed by Jon a Williamson & 
Oathers Vastly injurious to His Character representing him 
as one that Has Induced Sundry Persons by Threats & 
Promases to Sign a Petition to your Excellency & Honours 
tending directly against the Safety of the Inhabitants of 
Whischatset and to the Great hindrance of Religion and good 
Order in these parts: He now begs leave to in forme your 
Excellency How Grosly mistaken those who Prefer'd said 
memorial are, both as to your Memorialists Conduct & 
the Consequance of Granting the Petition of a Very large 
Majority of the People for Erecting two Townships Peti- 
tioned for by John Wright & Others and your Memorialist 
& others. First in Regard to the unfair Perswasions and 
Threats Practised upon some of the People Your Memorialist 
begs leave to Assure your Excellency & Honours that He 
was so far from using those Means that He sent the Petition 
for Frankfort by one of the Complainants Viz" Robert Lam- 
bert & Gray to whome it was Read, to M r William 
Groves to Show to the Inhabitance on the 25 th Day of may 
last in Order that they might have a fair Oppertunity of 
Duly Considering the same and the Consequences that would 
follow in Case the Prayer of it should be Granted and to 
avoid the Clamour & Misrepresentation of some who are 
Extreamly forward to catch at Trifles if they think they will 
be any wise Conducive to spot your Memorialists Character 
Traduce the Cause he has as an agent Engaged in Vainly 
imagining by such artifices to help out there own Title, but 
that your Excellency & Honours may be Convinced that your 
Memorialist is innocent of the Fault he is accused off he begs 
leave to lay before you the Deposition of m r Jonathan Reed 
by which it will Evidently appear that your Memorialist's 
Transactions toward the People at Witchassett on Sheepcut 
River were Open and fair & what they Did was voluntary & 
Neither Perswaded threatned or Bribed into it — 



272 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

And as to Utility to the Publick of Granting the Prayer 
for the Townships Petitioned for by John Wright your 
Memorialist thinks it Cant be Disputed but it must be Vastly 
Greater then Granting the Liberty of Erecting a Town by 
the Name of Whitehaven Considering that those two Town- 
ships first mentioned are both of them on a Neck of land 
between two Large Rivers : in Every respect both for the 
Safty & Ease of the Inhabitants & must if made into Towns 
be a Great Means of Preserving the People from any Attacks 
of the Enemy for Each part of these Towns will always be 
ready to succor the other haveing No large River to Cross 
which must always be judged a hindrance in Case of an 
Alarm, Wherefore your Memorialist Conceives that its clear 
the Granting these Towns is what will undoubtedly both 
secure & render the Greatest Part of the People Easy not 
only with Regard to the Indian Enemy but with Respect to 
Divine Service which the Inhabitance of said Towns will be 
better accomodated by their Situation — 

Now your Memorialist begs leave to lay before your 
Excellency & Honours the Difficulty & Dangers that would 
unquestionably Arise if the Prayer of Williamson & Others 
Petition for Erecting the Town of Whitehaven be Granted, 
its Length will be about thirteen Miles & in breadth Nine 
and the spot Pitched upon for the Meeting House is teen 
miles from some of the Inhabitance Not only so but its Cut 
into two parts by the River Sheepcut runing through it and 
some part of it lies Easward of the River Damerescotta so 
that they will have two Navagable Rivers to Cross one a 
mile Over to Geet to the meeting House or to Give their 
Assistance to the Other parts of the Town if attacked all 
which will more clearly appear to your Excellency & Hon- 
ours by Examining a Plan of those Parts : — 

As to that part of the Memorial of Williamson & others 
wherein they Endeavour to move your Excellency and Hon- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 273 

ours by seeting forth they have Cleared lands &c, when Duly 
Considered it will appear of no Great Consequence since your 
Memorialist Could if Judged Needfull Mention Many things 
Done & at the Great Expence of the Plymouth Propreetee 
who your Memorialist begs Leave to Observe have a Clear 
and just Title to the lands they Clame ( as he Conceives ) & 
will turn out so when Ever that point Comes fairly to a 
Tryal, and as to their alledging that if the Prayer of sundry 
persons who have taken up under the Plymouth Proprietors 
should succeed the memorialist would be intirely ruined & 
their Settlement: your present Memorialist would only 
Observe its Only their Naked say without one single Reason 
to Inforce it. they further go on & say it would be a Means 
of Exposing them to the Indain Enemy but leave your Excel- 
lency & Honours to guess in What Manner not pointing out 
any thing in Perticular, therefore Desarves No Other Answer 
from me then a flatt deniall ; they also Tell your Excellency 
& Honours they have been a longe time desirous of haveing 
the Gospel settled amongst them and so is your Memorialist 
& the Company for whorae he acts being in Great Hops that 
will be a means of reclaiming some of them for which Reason 
they are Endeavouring to Settle in such manner that it may 
not upon every litle Rupture with the Indains be unsettled 
as heretofore but in short that the Country may be settled to 
the advantage of his Majesty the Inhabitants & this Province 
in Generall — 

Your Memorialist has but one thing more to Obsarve upon 
the said Memorial which is ; for want of proper persons to 
Signe the same they have picked up some persons that Live 
out of the Intended town of White heaven And after all 
their number & weight fall Vastly short to those who Oppose 
there being not more then seventeen if so many in Number 
within the Limits of Frankfort and I yoirr Memorialist & 
Petitioners are sixty besides the four Complanants 

18 



274 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Upon the whole not withstanding their pretended regards 
to Religion their Desier of Order & Government their false 
notion of the Right of the Plymouth Proprietee and their 
unjust Insinuations of the Bad conduct of your Memoralist 
there Dose not appear any just grounds as your Memorialist 
Humbly Conceives to Induce your Excellency & Honours 
Either to Grant the prayer thereof or Deny that of those who 
petitioned with Wright & your Memorialist for Towns which 
would Certainly be most beneficial for those parts wherefore 
your Memorialist Prays your Excellency & Honours in your 
Known Wisdom & Zeal to the Publick Welfare Would Grant 
the same And as in Duty bound Shall ever pray 

Samuel Goodwin 



Answer to the Petition of Ezekiel Cushing <|* other. 

To his Excellency William Shirley Esq r Captain Gen 1 
and Commander in Chief in and over his Majestys 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay to the hon ble his 
Majestys Council and house of Representatives in Gen 1 
Court Assembled the thirtieth day of May Anno Domini 
1754. 
The Answer of Dominicus Jordan & others to the petition 
of Ezekiel Cushing & other humbly Sheweth — 

That the said Petitioners are Mistaken in saying that their 
Father Dyed intestate as to them. By the 12 th of W m 3. C. 
7. Any Child or Children not having a Legacy (or Devise) 
in the Will of their Father or Mother, every such Child shall 
have a proportion of the Estate of their parents given & set 
out Unto them as the Law Directs for the Distribution of 
the Estates of Intestates. This Provision as the preamble 
showeth is grounded upon supposition That such Child is 
Omitted, not from an Intention to Disinherit him but by 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 275 

Accident. The Question is then if upon said Will, Codicil 
& the Law of the Province the petitioners Wife can be 
Considered as so Omitted, as to Intitle her to the Benefit of 
the Above provision. 

By the Fifth Article of the Will there is a Devise to Mary 
Cushing the petitioners wife, of Three hundred Acres of 
Land province Grant Laid out above Goreham town on the 
Western side of Presumscut River in the County of York 
to hold to the S d Mary & the heirs of her Body & in the 
Codicil the Divisor saith he Ratifys & Confirms his S d Will 
Excepting among Other Things the Fifth Article which as 
hath been Observ'd is a Devise to s d Mary, and as to the 
Three hundred Acres in said Fifth Article Devised, the 
Devisor by s d Codicil deviseth one half thereof to Joanna 
Prout & the heirs of her Body, had he by the Codicil 
Devised the whole three hundred Acres to s d Joanna there 
might be some reason for the petitioners Inference that their 
Father as to Them died Intestate. But as the Will & Codi- 
cil Stand your Respondents conceive there is no Possibility 
of such Construction. 

However Supposing that the Father Died Intestate as to 
the petitioners your Respond 18 Offer the following Reasons 
Ag* the prayer of the petition. 

First. The several Devises mentioned in s fl Will & Codi- 
cil are very Express & Clear Estates Tail & the setting the 
Will aside as is Contended for would be Contrary to the 
Intent of the Devisor & very Injurious to the Heirs in Tail 
who were no Parties to said Agreement Exhibited with the 
Petition. 

Secondly. Said Agreement is very Loose & Unintelligible. 

Thirdly. It was not Absolutely agreed that s d will should 
be given up & Destroy 'd But Only Conditionally that if it 
might be Done Agreable to the rules of Law - 

Fourthly. Granting the Prayer of the Petition Woud Be 



276 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Making the Judge of the Probate absolute Judge & 
Chancellor of said Agreement and giving him as great or 
greater Power than ever The Lord Chancellor of England 
Exercised in the Like Case. 

Fifthly. Said Agreement is under the hands & seals of 
the Partys and they are Bound in the penalty of a Thousand 
Pounds to perform it & if there is any Breach of Contract 
there is Undoubtedly a Remedy by the Course of the Com- 
mon Law, wherefore the Respond* prays that he may be 
heard before Your Excellency & Hono rs or a Com tee &c ~ 

and that s d Petition may be dismissed & your Respond 8 as 
in Duty Bound &c. 

Dominicus Jordan 

In behalf of himself & Joanna Jordan 

Nath 1 Jordan 
Clement Jordan. 



Petition. June, 17 5 If. 

To His Excellency William Shirley Esq r The Honourable 

his Majestys Council & the House of Representatives 
Humbly Shews 

That your Petitioners are Inhabitants of a Tract of Land 
included in the Purchase made by Antipass Boies and others 
from the late Colony of New Plymouth, lying between the 
Rivers Kenebeck & Sheepscott and bounded as follows: 
Begining on Kenebeck River at the North Bounds of the Lot 
of Land laid out and Granted to John Tufts by the Plymouth 
Proprietors and runing from thence East South East to 
Sheepscot River, from thence down said River to the North 
Bounds of a Tract of Land which John Wright, Thomas 
Stinson and others Petition the Great and General Court to 
be made a Township or District, from thence by the North 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



277 



Boundary Line of said Township petitioned for by said 
Wright and Stinson &c. to Kenebeck River, being a North 
West Coarse, thence up said River Kenebeck to the Bound- 
ary first mentioned ; purpose, by Divine permission and the 
Smiles of your Excellency & Honours accompanying our 
Endeavours to have the Gospell Preached amongst us than 
which nothing will tend more to forward the settlement of 
said Plantation and for the encouragement whereof the Pro- 
prietors above mentioned have made a Grant of Three Tracts 
of Land, One of One hundred Acres for the first settled Min- 
ister, One of Two Hundred Acres for the Ministry and one 
other of One hundred Acres for a School Lott. We most 
humbly pray your Excellency & Honours will Grant that the 
said Lands before mentioned may be incorporated into a 
Township or District Including Swan Island in said Town- 
ship by the Name of Francfort with all the Privilidges arising 
therefrom, and your Petitioners as in Duty bound shall ever 
Pray &c 

Francfort June 1754 

Jaques Bugnon 

J F 

Miles Goodwin 
Abram Wyman 
David Joy 

Uzziah 



Obadiah Albee 

bis 

Robert X Lambort 

mark 

Michel Stuffing 
Jean gorge Goud 
Daniel Goud 



Samuel Goodwin 

John Tufts 

Elisha Kenny 
Jonas Jones 
Sam 1 Chapman 



Louis Cavalier 

his 

Sherrebiah X Lambort George Peckin 

his mark 



John C Chapman 

mark 

Daniel Malbon 
N pochards 
Johann Jacob P 

Johannes 

S 



his 

Francis O Gray 

mark 

Sam 11 Marson 

his 

John H N Harris 

mark 

Samuel Ball 
Will 1 " X Mitchel 

mark 



Jean George J 

his 

John O Spalding 

mark 

Naphtali Kincaid 

his 

Joseph T M c Farland Henry Parry 

mark 

John Cheney Nathaniel Rundlet 

Elias Cheney Abram Preble 



278 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



his his 

Amos X Parris Jonathan Rand jr George X 

mark mark 

Samuel Samuel Silvester Charles Estienne Houdelette 

bis 

John Sutton 



John N M c Coye 

mark 

Johannes 
Abram poehard 
Caleb B 

Lazarus Noble 

Moses Gray 



George Gray 
John Deekor 
Timothy W hidden 

William Boynton 



Samuel 

Obadiah Call 
James Whidden 
John B 

his 

John X Getehel 

mark 



Extracts from Message of June ^, 17 54. 

" Gentlemen of the Council and House of Representatives 

" I have Order'd the Secretary to lay before you a Letter, 
which I received yesterday from the Captain of Richmond 
Fort, by which you may further judge what Grounds we 
have to suspect the Disposition of the Norridgwalk Indians 
towards us, and how much they are devoted to the French : 
Nor should We, I think, entertain a better Opinion of the 
penobscot Indians, if they are consenting to the erecting of a 
french Fort in their Quarters, w ch ( according to Capt n Lith- 
gow's letter ) it is said, the Governor of Canada proposes to 
build there : 

Upon the Intelligence, w cb I referr'd to, in my late Speech 
to You, ( who is well acquainted with Penobscot River ) 
before I received this Letter, to George's Fort, with Orders 
to the Commander of it to fit him out with two Whale Boats, 
& directed him to proceed up that River to the spot where, 
by that first Intelligence, it was suppos'd, the French may be 
now actually building a fort, and to meet me at Falmouth, & 
let me know the Certainty of this Report. 

I was of Opinion, Gentlemen, during the late War, that it 
would be of great Consequence for securing the penobscot 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 279 

Indians in our Interest, as well as curbing them in any hos- 
tile Attempts against us, that a Fort should be built by the 
Province, where it is said the French either now are building 
one or design to do it soon ; & I accordingly towards the 
Conclusion of the War, press 'd the Assembly at two several 
times, to make provision for erecting & maintaining one 
there : & as it must greatly endanger the Safety of our East- 
ern Frontier, if the French are suffer'd to build a Fort in 
that place, which is also within the undoubted limits of this 
province, I purpose, if they have already built one, or are 
attempting to do it, to use my Endeavours to cause them to 
be dislodg'd by the party, which will go with me to the 
Eastward. 

The repeated Advices, Gentlemen, we have received in the 
Course of the last four Months, from those parts, concerning 
the Designs of the French & Disposition of the Indians, must 
abundantly convince us, how highly necessary it is that the 
Service, w ch I am now going upon at the Desire of the late 
Assembly, should be effected without Delay ; and on the 
other hand, how mischievous the Consequences may be, if 
for want of a sufficient Force, we should fail in the Attempt 
& be Obliged to retreat before a Superior one of the Indians 
& French, which it seems not only possible but very probable 
We may meet with ; especially, if the Intelligence w ch I have 
lately received from Nova Scotia, & have already communi- 
cated to you, is well founded, viz 1 that the Cape Sable & S l 
John's Indians with some French of Schiegnecto among 'em 
are certainly engaged in an Attempt ag st the English, & ( as 
it is there said), are proceeded to the Westward of that 
Province with a Design to fall on the eastern Settlements of 
this, & that they would strike the blow in this Month. 

I can't therefore but think Gentlemen, that it would be a 
point of prudence, & what highly deserves your Considera- 
tion, that the number of 500 Men ;tt first propos'd for the 



280 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

beforemention'd Service, should be augmented to such an one 
as may secure it from being defeated. 

The additional Expence, which this would Occasion to the 
Province, will bear no proportion to the Mischiefs that would 
ensue from such a Misfortune. 

If the Result of your Deliberations, Gentlemen, should be 
agreeable to my sentiments upon this Emergency, as I hope 
they will ; I must recommend it to you, Gentlemen of the 
House of Representatives, to lose no time in making provision 
for a suitable Augmentation of our Forces 

W Shirley 
Council Chamber June 4 th 1754 



Vote. 

In the House of Represent June 4 th 1754 

The House having taken into Mature Deliberation his 
Excellencys Message of this Day to both Houses respecting 
An Augmentation of the forces Ordered to Attend his Excel- 
lency to the Eastern parts of this Province & to build a Fort 
on Kennebeck River &c 

Voted that his Excellency the Cap 1 General be desired 
forthwith to give Orders for the Enlistment of Three Hun- 
dred men Including Officers in Addition to the five Hundred 
men already Enlisted that the Officers & Soldiers be Under 
the Same Restrictions & Subsistance & to Continue in the 
Service for the same term of time 

Sent up for Concurrence T. Hubbard Spk r 

In Council June 5, 1754 Read & Concur'd 

Tho e Clarke Dp^ Secry 
Consented to W Shirley. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 281 

Message June 6, 17 5 if. 

Gentlemen of the House of Represent™ 3 

I think it necessary that a Quorum of his Majesty's Coun- 
cil should attend me to the Eastward and I have ordered 
suitable Accommodation to be made for them, and also for 
several Gentlemen of your House whose Company I have 
desired and who have signified their readiness to go with me 
and if there be any other Gentlemen of the House who incline 
to accompany me upon its being signifyed to me, I will give 
further Orders for their accommodation likewise. 

Council Chamber June 6, 1754 W Shirley 



Col. Winslouis Memorial, June 8, 175if. 

A Return of Effective Arms belonging To Col John 
Winslow's Regiment viz* 

Cap* Eleazer Melvins Company 41 

Cap 1 John Johnson 15 

Cap' Humphry Hobbs 32 

Cap 1 William Flint 37 

Cap 1 Thomas Cobb 37 

Cap 1 William P 10 

Cap* Phineas Osgood 19 

Cap 1 Joseph Wilson 6 

Total 197 

June 8 th 1754 John Winslow 

To His Excellency William Shirley Esq r Cap n General & 
Commander in Chief in & Over his Maj tya Province of the 
Massachusetts Bay &c 

The Memorial of John Winslow Col of the Regiment Now 
raised for the Defence of Eastern Frontiers of this Province, 
Shews — 



282 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

That upon the Examination of the Arms of s d Regiment 
There is only one Hundred & Ninty Seven Effective as by 
the above return : & Wanting to Compleat the First five 
Hundred men, Voted to be raised for s d Regiment, Three 
Hundred & Three : Your Memorilist Therefore Humbly 
Prays your Excellency that the same may be Provided for s d 
Regiment in Such Maner as your Excellency Judges Proper 
and he as in Duty Bound Shall Ever Pray 

John Winslow 



Message. " June 8, 1754" 

Gentlemen of the House of Representatives, 

I have this Morning receiv'd a Memorial from Col John 
Winslow (whom I have appointed the Chief Commander of 
the Forces raised and to be raised for the Service Eastward) 
Wherein he signifies to me, That upon the mustering the five 
hundred men first ordered to be raised there are only one 
hundred and ninety seven men, that come provided with 
Effective arms ; So that there will be wanting Three hundred 
and three Arms for Equipping the men already rais'd besides 
the Deficiency that may happen among the Three hundred 
still to be Rais'd, as you will find upon reading the said 
Memorial which I herewith send to You. 

Now Gentlemen, I know no other way of Supplying this 
great Deficiency upon this Emergency than by Borrowing so 
many Arms as will be needful, out of the several Town Stocks 
with the Engagement of this Court to restore the same after 
the Service shall be over in as good Condition as they were 
received in or making the whole good, both as to number & 
Quality ; If you can find out any better way it will be 
acceptable to me ; but something must be forthwith Effectu- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 283 

ally done by this Court in this important Service else it will 
be otherwise greatly impeded if not utterly frustrated. 

W Shirley 

Communication from the Selectmen of Boston. 

Boston June 9 th 1754 
S r 

The Committee of the Honourable House of Representa- 
tives having applyed to the Selectmen of this Town for the 
use of the Fire Arms belonging to the Town of Boston for 
the forces rais'd and to be rais'd by the Province for the ser- 
vice Eastward in answer to their desire have Ordered me to 
write you that upon perusing the letter of the late Honoura- 
ble Col° Fitch the Donor of said Arms to the Town, & the 
Vote of the Town thereupon ( which Vote is inclosed ) the 
Select Men tho they would do every thing in their power to 
forward this service, yet apprehend they cannot part with 
said Arms without the Consent of the Town, especially when 
many of their poor Inhabitants in case of an Attack from the 
Enemy cannot be any ways supply'd, then by these Arms, 
which perhaps may be attended with fatal consequences to 
the Town, they therefore doubt not but the Honourable 
House will excuse them for not complying with their 
Request 

By Order of - S 

Ezek 1 Goldthwait Town Clerk 

To the Honourable Thomas Hubbard Esq 1 Speaker of 
Honourable House of Representatives to be communicated. 

Message. 

Gentlemen of the House of Representatives 

According to your desire to me express'd on the Memorial 
of Cap 1 Elisha Chapin I shall give Orders for the Reinforce- 



284 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ment of the Garrison at Fort Massachusetts with five Men, 
and considering the Importance of that Fort and its great 
Distance from any of our Settlements it would have pleased 
me if you had made Provision for a few more Men there. 

Upon this Occasion I must put you in Mind of the haz- 
zardous Condition Fort Pelham and Fort Shirley are now in 
if there should be any sudden Assault from the Indians on 
that Frontier ; We must expect that the first thing they will 
do would be to burn those Forts which they might easily do 
in their present circumstances. 

Therefore I must recommend it to You that Provision be 
made that some better Care may be taken for preserving 
them 

W Shirley 

Council Chamber June 13 th 1754 



Report. 

The Committee upon His Excellencys Message of the 12 th 
Ins 1 respecting the Eastern Frontiers beg leave to report in 
part, That they are humbly of Opinion That for the Encour- 
agement of Volunteers to enlist & form themselves into Com- 
panys to penetrate into the Indians Country in order to 
Captivate & Kill the Indians of any of the Tribes this Gov- 
ernment have declared War against, That Thirty days provi- 
sions shall be given to every & all the Companys raised as 
aforesaid provided That none of the said Companys shall 
consist of less then Thirty Men & that the said Companys 
shall be held to perform a Scout of at least Thirty days upon 
every March unless some special reason for the good of the 
Service shall appear for their returning in, in less time, And 
that the officers of Each Company shall be also held to keep 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 285 

a Journal of Each of their marches or Scouts, & exhibit 
them in Course under Oath to the Captain General. 

And that for Every Captive taken by the said Companys 
or by any other party or detachment of any of the Companys 
which shall be brought into Boston and delivered up to the 
Government, shall be paid out of the Publick Treasury to 
the said Company, party, or detachment or their Attorny, the 
sum of Two hundred and Twenty pounds. And for every 
Scalp that shall be brought in and produced as aforesaid the 
sum of two hundred pounds - And that His Excellency the 
Captain General be desired to grant Commissions to such 
person or persons as shall appear & offer to raise a Company 
or Companys for said service provided His Excellency shall 
judge them suitably quallifyed for the purpose. And that 
His Excellency be also desired by proclamation to give the 
Encouragem 1 of the sum of One hundred & ten pounds for 
every Captive, & One hundred pounds for every Scalp as 
aforesaid including the Bounty or encouragement given to 
private persons not in the pay or Subsistence of this Govern- 
ment in the Vote of the Court passed the 14 th Ins 1 relating 
to scalps & Captives that shall be taken and brought in as 
aforesaid by any such private person or persons who may on 
any Emergency or otherwise, either Captivate or Kill any of 
the said Tribes of Indians. All w ch is humbly submitted 

g order John Hill 

In Council June 14 th 1754 Read and sent down 

Letter T. Robinson to Gov. Shirley. 

Whitehall June 21 st 1754. 
Sir, 

Having received your Dispatches of the 19 th of April, 

and 1 st of May last, with their several Inclosures, and having 

laid the same before the King, I am to acquaint you, that 



286 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

His Majesty extremely approves the Resolution which has 
been taken by the Assembly of your Province, in Conse- 
quence of the Proposal recommended by you, to use their 
best Endeavours to drive the French from the River Kenne- 
beck ; and I am at the same time, to inform you that His 
Majesty is graciously pleased to authorize and direct you, to 
proceed upon the Plan, and to pursue the Measures, which 
appear, by your Speeches to the Assembly, and their Answer 
thereto, to have been so well calculated for that Purpose ; I 
am likewise to assure you, as a Mark of His Majesty's partic- 
ular Attention to the Welfare of His loyal Subjects in New 
England, That Every Thing recommended by the said 
Assembly, will be fully considered, and that immediate 
Directions will be given for promoting the Plan of a General 
Concert, between His Majesty's Colonies, in order to prevent 
any Encroachments upon the Dominions of the Crown of 
Great Britain. 

It is with the greatest Pleasure that I take this early 
Opportunity of giving you the Satisfaction to know the very 
favourable Manner, in which the Account of your prudent 
and vigorous Conduct as well as of the Zeal and Activity of 
Those under your Government, have been Received by the 
King, which cannot fail to excite and encourage Them in 
taking such farther Steps as will, most effectually provide 
for their own Security, and will give a proper Example to 
His Majesty's Neighbouring Colonies. 

I am, Sir Your most obedient humble Servant 

T Robinson. 
Governor Shirley 

Letter Gov. Shirley to Secretary Willard. 

Falmouth, Casco Bay, July 8 th 1754 
Sir, 

The Speaker, to whom I am much oblig'd for his 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 28 T 

Assistance in the publick business here, and the pleasure of 
his Company both which I shall miss upon his leaving me, 
doth me the favour to be the Bearer of this. 

As he is able to give you a perfect Ace* of the Issue of 
the Conference with the Indians, who met me here, and the 
result of the Interview, I referr you to him for it ; It hath 
been, I think, favourable, beyond even our Expectation ; and 
may, I hope have good Consequences for the Tranquility of 
the province, and the General service : It certainly will if 
Indian Faith may be in the least depended upon. 

M r Danforth, M r Oliver and Colonel Bourn are to imbark 
this day with the Speaker, and some other Gentlemen of the 
House for Boston, and M r Fox is extremely ill, so y l there 
will be wanting four Gentlemen of the Council to make up 
a Quorum upon any Emergency of publick business : I must 
therefore desire you to let M r Wheelwright, M r Cheever, 
Colonel Minot, and Colonel Lincoln know that their 
Attendance upon it here will be requisite ; and y* I hope 
they will not fail of letting me see them here, as soon as may 
be : They will have an Opportunity of coming in the Ship 
which I have order'd to wait upon the Gentlemen of the 
Council and M r Speaker and the Gentlemen of the House, 
who go to Boston, and to attend upon M r Wheelwright and 
the other three Gentlemen to bring them hither. 

I desire you will transmit to me what publick Letters you 
shall judge proper to be communicated to me here : It will 
be a great pleasure to me to hear from time to time, how 
matters go on ; and to receive your letters upon any subject. 

I am, with truth, Sir, Your faithful Friend and Humble 
Servant 

W Shirley 
The Hon ble M r Secretary Willard. 



288 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Speech of the River Indians. 

(At a Meeting at the Courthouse in Albany 8 July 1754.) 
Fathers 

We are greatly rejoiced to see you all here, it is by the 
will of Heaven that we are met here & we thank you for 
this Opportunity of Seeing you altogether as it is a long 
while since We have had such an One. 

Fathers. Who sit present here, we will just give you a 
short relation of the long friendship which hath subsisted 
between the White people of this Country & Us. 

Our forefathers had a Castle on this River, as One of them 
Walked out he saw something on the River, but was at a 
loss to know what it was, he took it at first for a great Fish, 
he ran into the Castle and gave Notice to the other Indians, 
two of Our forefathers went to see what it was and found it 
a Vessel with Men in it; They immediately join'd hands 
with the people in the Vessel and became Friends; The 
White people told them they should not come any further 
up the River at that time, and said to them they wou'd 
return back from whence they came & come again in a years 
time, According to their promise they return'd back in a 
years time, & came as far up the River as where the Old 
Fort stood, Our forefathers invited them ashore & said to 
them here we will give you a place to make you a Town, it 
shall be from this place up to such a Stream (meaning where 
the Patroons Mill now stands ) & from the River back up to 
the Hill, Our forefathers told them tho' they were now a 
small people they wou'd in time Multiply & fill up the Land 
they had given them, After they were ashore sometime, some 
other Indians who had not seen them before, looked fiercely 
at them, And Our forefathers observing it, and seeing the 
White people so few in number, least they shou'd be destroy'd, 
took & sheltered them under their Arms, but it turn'd out 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 289 

that those Indians did not desire to destroy them, but wished 
also to have the said White people for their friends, at this 
time which we have now spoken of, that the White people 
were but small, we were very numerous & strong, we 
defended them in that low state, but now the case is 
alter'd you are numerous & strong, we are few and weak ; 
Therefore we expect you will Act by us in these Circum- 
stances, as we did by You in those we have just now related ; 
We view you now as a very large Tree, which has taken 
deep root in the Ground whose branches are spread very 
wide, we stand by the body of this Tree, & we look round & 
see if there be any who Endeavour to hurt it, and if it should 
so happen that any are powerful enough to destroy it, we 
are ready to fall with it. gave a Belt 

Fathers, You see how early we made friendship with you, 
we tied each other in a very strong Chain that Chain has not 
yet been broken, We now Clean & Rub that Chain to make 
it brighter & stronger, & we determine on our part that it 
never shall be broken, and we hope you will take care that 
neither you nor any One else shall break it, and we are 
greatly rejoiced that peace & friendship have so long sub- 
sisted between Us. gave a Belt. 

Fathers. Don't think strange of what we are about to say, 
We would say something respecting Our Lands ; When the 
White People purchased from time to time of Us, they said 
they only wanted to purchase the Low lands, they said the 
hilly Land was good for nothing and that it was full of Wood 
and Stones, but now We see people living all about the Hills 
and Woods ; altho' they have not purchas'd the Lands ; 
when we enquire of the people who live on these Lands, 
what right they have to them, they reply to Us, that we are 
not to be regarded, and that the Lands belong to the King, 
but we were the first possessors of them, & when the King 
has paid us for them, then they may say they are his ; Hunt- 

19 



290 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ing now is grown very scarce, and we are not like to get our 
livings that way therefore we hope Our fathers will take 
Care that we are paid for Our Lands that we may live 

gave a Belt. 
Made a present of a Bundle of Skins. 



Message. July 10, 175//-. 

Gentlemen of the House of Represent™ 8 

Col° Winslow ( the Chief Commander of the Forces raised 
for the Eastern Service ) has represented to me by His Memo- 
rial ( which I now lay before you ) that many of the Soldiers 
have Families, & are not able to leave with them what is 
necessary for their Support in their Absence ; and that others, 
tho' without the Charge of Families yet are destitute of nec- 
essary and sufficient Cloathing, And that therefore the 
Advance of one Month's Pay will be a great Releif & 
Encouragem* to them. 

And as I am informed these Soldiers are good effective 
Men and likely to do Service on this Occasion, I must rec- 
ommend it to you ( Gentlemen ) as a Matter I apprehend 
much conducing to the publick Benefit to make Supply for 
the proposed Advanced Wage's accordingly. 

W Shirley 

July 10, 1754. 



Letter, Secry Willard to Gov. Shirley. 

Boston, July 12, 1754 
Sir, 

I have rec d your Excellencys Letter by M r Speaker Hub- 
bard, & desire to join with you & all the rest of the Gentle- 
men in offering humble & thankful Acknowledgem* to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 291 

Almighty God for conducting the great & important affairs 
you have been engaged in by his unerring Wisdom & for 
giving Success to them in his great goodness & Power, And 
I pray God that we may long reap the good Fruits of this 
happy Event. 

I was surprized to find that your Excellency had rec d Noth- 
ing from me, Having sent a Letter to you ( & therein inclosed 
a Commission for Calling Courts Martial ) by one Gage Mas- 
ter of a Sloop belonging to N° Yarmouth who sailed from 
hence the 29 tb of June. And this Commission thus miscar- 
rying I have now enclosed an other Draught, both of them 
Agreable to the established Form taken from a Copy of Sir 
W m Pepperils which he was pleased to send me since your 
Excellencys Departure. 

I have sent to all the Gentlemen of the Council you men- 
tion strongly urging them immediately to prepare for a Voy- 
age to Casco, they all make their Excuses : And as to M r 
Wheelwright it seems to me that it is necessary he sh d attend 
the Business of his Office in Town & it appears probable that 
some further Supplies may be wanting for the Forces that 
cannot be effectually provided & sent forward with the need- 
ful Dispatch by any Body but himself. I have written to 
Coll. Greenleaf & Coll Royal & press'd their Attendance at 
Falmouth, & shall do every thing in my Power that your 
Excy may have a Quorum of the Council to assist you. 

I have had no publick Letters of any Moment come to my 
Hands since your Departure. I have Nothing from any of 
the Commiss rs at Albany : I hear no more from thence than 
that all the Commiss 1 " 8 were arrived & had several Meetings 
to consult upon the general Design of their Congress but had 
come to no Determinations ; That the Indians were generally 
arrived after long waiting for them. If any Intelligence 
comes to my hands of Matters of Importance worth troubling 
y re Excy with I shall not fail to transmit them to you. I 



292 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

wish your Excellency the Protection of the Divine Provi- 
dence & Success in all your Affair ; & a happy Return hither ; 
And am with great Respect 

( Sir ) Your Excys most ob* humble Serv* 

His Excy Governour Shirley 

Letter, Seery Willard to Grov. Shirley. 

Boston July 20, 1754. 
Sir, 

I have just now received your Excellencys Dispatches by 
M r Gerrish, and the acquainting me with his Charge to return 
with the utmost Expedition I would not detain him one 
Minute longer than is necessary. 

I am glad to hear of the good Posture of our Affairs upon 
Kennebeck River, And I hope the Divine Province will still 
favour them. We have had the same Rumours of a French 
War you mention, but they are little credited here I have 
sent my Letter from your Excellency, to M r Shirley, to 
acquaint your Family with your affairs, & have also desired 
to know whether there was any thing they wished to send 
by this Post ; But M r Shirley not being at Home, M r8 Wil- 
mot informed M r Clark that they had forwarded every thing 
they had to send to Your Excellency by Cap* Inches, who 
sailed this Noon. I am with great Respect, 

Sir Your Excellencys most obedient Humble Servant 

Josiah Willard 

Grov r Shirley to Sir Thomas Robi?iso7i. 

Falmouth in Casco Bay August 19 th 1754 
Sir, 

In a former Packet, which I had the Honour to transmit 
to the Earl of Holdernesse, I acquainted his Lordship that 



OP THE STATE OP MAINE 293 

upon having reciev'd Advice from the Commander at Fort 
Richmond, upon the River Kennebeck within the limits of 
this Government, that some of the Norridgwalks a Tribe of 
Indians Inhabiting that River had given him Intelligence, 
that the French had the Summer before last made a consid- 
erable Settlement upon a carrying place near the head of it ; 
that this was done with the allowance of those Indians in 
consideration that the French had agreed to supply them 
with Arms, ammunition, and other stores in Time of War 
with the English, and yet that Tribe and another call'd the 
Arssegunticooks, or S l Francois Indians, assisted by other 
Indians from Canada, and a great number of French in 
Indian Disguise ( a practice not uncommon with the French ) 
would fall upon the New England Settlements this Summer ; 
which last circumstance seem'd Confirm'd by the insolent 
behaviour of the beforementioned Tribes, who appear'd to be 
upon the brink of committing Hostilities, I lay'd these 
accounts before the Assembly, and urg'd them to make pro- 
vision for raising Forces to remove the French from this 
Incroachment on his Majestys Territories in case they should 
refuse to quit it upon a peaceable Summons, as also for 
building a new fort as high up Kennebeck River, as should 
be found upon a Survey of it to be practicable at present, in 
order to prevent the French from taking Possession of any 
part of it, and either keep the Indians Inhabiting it in a due 
Subjection for the future, or oblige them wholly to abandon 
it. 

I further acquainted his Lordship, that the Assembly in 
answer to what I recommended to them sent me a Message 
of both Houses wherein they desir'd me to take measures as 
soon as might be, for removing the French from their before- 
mentioned Settlement, and building a new fort as high up 
the River as I should think proper, praying me to take those 
matters under my immediate direction, and for that purpose 



294 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

to make a voyage to the Eastern parts of the Province, prom- 
ising that for the safeguard of my person in effecting the 
Service, they would make Provision for raising 500 men 
( which they soon afterwards augmented to one for 800 ) and 
desiring me, in case I should judge that proper, to have an 
Interview and Conference with the Indians upon my Arrival 
in those parts. 

In consequence of this Message, Sir, I rais'd 800 men and 
having sent Orders to the Commanders of the Eastern Forts 
to notify the two beforementioned Tribes of Indians, and 
another called the Penobscots to meet me here, the middle of 
June last, I embark'd with the Forces as soon as the other 
Business of my Government would permit for this place, 
where I arriv'd the 26 th of June accompany'd by Colonel 
Mascarene, who had been appointed by Governour Hopson a 
Commissioner on the part of Nova Scotia, to join with the 
Government on any Interview with the Eastern Indians ; and 
upon my arrival I was met by three Commissioners from the 
Government of New Hampshire, which I had notify'd of my 
intended Interview with the Indians, for the same Purpose. 

As it could not be doubted but that the building a new 
fort, and making the propos'd march to the head of the 
River, and extending the English Settlements upon it would 
be very disagreeable to the Indians, I determined to get an 
Interview with them, if Possible, before I proceeded in the 
intended Service ; that appearing to be the only chance, 
there was to prevent an impending War with them : on the 
other hand the two Priests of the Norridgwalk and Penob- 
scot Tribes, both French Jesuits, who notwithstanding the 
Indians had all accepted Presents from this Province, and 
ratify'd former Treaties of Peace with it the last fall, and 
press'd me by letters to have a personal Conference with 
them in the Spring, had so wrought upon their dispositions 
in the Winter, that the Norridgwalks and Arssegunticooks 



OF THE STATE OF MAESTE 295 

seem'd, as I before observ'd to be upon the point of breaking 
out into Hostilities before we had taken the resolution to 
erect the fort, and reconnoitre the River and Carrying place 
at the head of it, now redoubled their Efforts to prevent the 
Indians from coming to a Conference with us : and they had 
so far succeeded, that the Penobscot Tribe, which was the 
only one of the three I had hopes of gaining an Interview 
with let me know in a letter from them before I left Boston, 
that they would not meet me at this place, and the Norridg- 
walk and Arssegunticook Indians had shew'd such signs of 
their making a sudden stroke upon our most exposed Eastern 
Settlements, that the Settlers upon Kennebeck River had 
betaken themselves to their Garrisons and those upon S l 
George's were preparing to do the same. 

However, contrary to my Expectations I found upon my 
Arrival at this place, that several of the Norridgwalks had 
been assembled here some days to meet me ; which was prin- 
cipally owing to the accident of their Priests having left them 
about 20 days before to go to Canada, and the miscarriage of 
a letter from the Penobscot Priest to their Priest, which the 
Commander of S l George's fort had found means to intercept 
& send me. 

As to the Arssegunticook Indians, who have their head 
Quarters near the Southern bank of the River Canada, and 
are generally reckon'd among the French Indians the Com- 
mander of fort Richmond and the Norridgwalks themselves 
inform'd me, that a party of them now lurking in the neigh- 
bourhood of fort Richmond had declar'd in answer to my 
letter of Notification to them to meet me, that they would 
have no Interview with the English until they had (to speak 
in Indian Phrase) wip'd away the Blood of two Indians 
belonging to their Tribe, who had been unfortunately kill'd 
within the Government of New Hampshire above a year ago ; 
and the New Hampshire Commissioners acquainted me, that 



296 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

some of that Tribe had about three weeks before carry'd off 
a whole family Captive, and Pillag'd and burnt two houses 
within that Province ; so that there was not the least Expec- 
tation of their sending any of their Tribe to the Interview. 

As to the Penobscot Indians I was inform'd by a letter, 
which I found at my Arrival here, that they had reciev'd 
Messages inviting them to join with the French Indians in 
taking up the Hatchet against the English, which matter they 
had under consideration ; and by another letter which I found 
here from the Commanding Officer of Fort S* George, that 
they were soon to hold a Grand Council upon what I had 
orderd him to tell them in Answer to their letter of refusal 
to meet me here, but that he was almost sure they would 
persist in their former Resolution. 

In this Letter, Sir, I found inclos'd the beforemention'd 
letter from the Penobscot missionary to the Jesuit of the 
Norridgewalks a Copy of which I send you at full length, as 
I think it may give a just notion of the principles and 
Intrigues of the Jesuit missionaries here, what lengths they 
would go for the sake of saving one of their missions which 
is in danger of being lost to them ; even such as would 
embroil all Parties in War, and which they are affraid should 
be discover'd by the Indians, or even the French Government. 

As the Penobscots are esteem'd the most Powerfull of the 
Eastern Indians, and have ever appear' d the best affected of 
those Tribes towards the English I determin'd to use my 
utmost Efforts to draw them hither from their Priest, and 
have a Conference with them: Accordingly I dispatch'd a 
Vessel to S 1 George's River to bring them to Falmouth, with 
a letter acquainting them that upon their own request made 
to me in the last Winter, that I would have an Interview 
and Conference with them in person this Summer, I was 
come so far as to brighten the Covenant Cham with them, 
and was surprized at not finding them here upon my arrival 
as I did the Norridgwalks. 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 297 

That I expected them to attend me at Falmouth without 
delay and should look upon their refusal as a renouncing of 
all amity with the English. 

At the same time, as the Norridgwalk Indians were the 
original proprietors of the Lands upon Kennebeck River and 
the only Indians now interested in them, and I had reason to 
expect that the presence of the Penobscots would embarrass 
our Conference concerning the intended march fort, and 
further Settlements up the River, I determin'd to have a 
seperate Conference with the Norridgwalks, and dispatch 
them from hence before the Arrival of the Penobscot Indians 
here. 

I shall not trouble, You Sir, with the particulars of the 
Conference with the Norridgwalk Indians, but mention only 
so much, as will shew what were the principle points and 
result of it. 

Upon acquainting them with our intended proceedings and 
the true motive of them which I told them was to secure the 
River Kennebeck against the French, who had of late built 
several forts within his Majesty's Territories upon this Con- 
tinent ; & not with the least view of incroaching upon their 
lands, they at first told me in a peremptory manner, that they 
would not consent to it, that they lik'd well the Treaty 
which U Governour Dummer had made with them, and the 
other Eastern Tribes in 1725 and 1726, and they would 
stand by it, they acknowledg'd that Richmond fort was King 
Georges, & said, all below it belong'd to the English, but all 
above it to them. 

In answer to this I told them I did not ask their Consent 
to the building the new fort or extending the English Settle- 
ments upon the River Kennebeck but only appriz'd them of 
our intentions, that they might not conceive any false 
Alarm at our proceedings ; That all Princes had a right to 
build forts for the protection of their Subjects within their 



298 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

own Territories as they pleas'd ; they well knew the French 
King did so; that the Building this Fort would not affect 
their properties in any lands upon the River ; That by Gov r 
Dummer's Treaty, which they just now express'd their 
Satisfaction in they had acknowledg'd their " Subjection to 
" King George, submitted to be Governed by his Laws, and 
" desired to have the Advantage of them " whereby the 
English and they were become Brethren, and King George 
their common father; and that he had no other view in 
building this fort than the protection of his Children, Indians 
as well as English against the French ; and they might have 
the Benefit of it as well as we if they pleas'd. I remind'd 
them of the Calamities which going to War with the English 
had brought upon them : That in the year 1724 the English 
broke up their Settlement at Norridgwalk destroy'd near half 
their Tribe, and drove them intirely off the River Kennebeck 
whereby according to the Rules of War receiv'd and practic'd 
by all Indians the English gain'd from them by right of 
Conquest all their Lands upon the River, and that it was 
wholly owing to their kindness for them that they were 
suffer'd afterwards by Gov 1 Dummer's Treaty to return to 
their Possessions there. 

I shew'd them that above 100 years ago the English had 
purchas'd all the Lands of their forefathers as high up that 
river as a branch called Wesserunskik, being near 100 miles, 
by Deeds which themselves had at the Treaty last Year 
acknowledg'd to be genuine, and that by Virtue of those 
purchases the English had made Settlements at Cushenoc 
and Taconnett; being about forty miles above Richmond, 
the Ruins of which were still visible, and particularly at 
Taconnett they had built a Truckhouse above one hundred 
Years ago where a greater Trade was carried on by them 
with the Indians for Beaver and Furrs than is now at all the 
Truckhouses in this Province, as themselves well knew by 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 299 

Tradition from their forefathers, and have likewise acknowl- 
edge, and I shew'd them that by L l Gov r Dummer's Treaty, 
under which they hold all their Lands upon the River, it was 
Stipulated by the Indians that the English should quietly 
enter upon and hold all their former Possessions and Lands, 
which they had purchas'd of the Indians without any moles- 
tation from them, so that the English had full as good right 
to extend their Settlements as far as their Ancient Posses- 
sions and purchases reach'd, as the Indians had to hold the 
Land which were upon that River beyond them: and I 
demanded of them if they would now ratify L* Gov r Dum- 
mers Treaty, which they had just before told me they would 
stand by, and the Treaty of Peace concluded between them 
and the English in 1749. To this they readily answer'd me, 
that they were willing and desirous ; whereupon I acquainted 
them at our Meeting the next morning, that the Instruments 
of Ratification were prepar'd; but advis'd them to consider 
well before we proceeded to execute them whether they were 
absolutely determin'd to observe them ; That they had better 
not sign them than to do it, and break faith with us ; For if 
after concluding this Treaty they should be guilty of another 
breach of their faith we should never trust them again : I 
told them we had now fully open'd our hearts to them, and 
hop'd they would hide nothing which was in theirs from 
us, and if their hearts were as right towards us, as ours 
were towards them, we would interchangeably sign the 
Ratifications. 

Their Speaker then stood up and declar'd in the Name of 
them all, that the English should be welcome to build their 
intended forts upon the River Kennebeck, and to extend 
Settlements there as far as their Ancient Possessions and 
purchases reach'd, and only desir'd I would let them know 
how high up the River I design'd to erect the fort : which I 
told them : they made professions in the most solemn man- 



300 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ner, that what they had last said was spoke in the sincerity 
of their hearts and let me know that the Arssegunticooks 
had sent messages to the Penobscots, inviting them to join 
with them in taking the Hatchet up against the English. 

We then sign'd the Ratifications ; after which I let them 
know that as a Testimony of the good Disposition of the 
English towards them, if they would send any of their 
children to Boston to be Educated in the English Language 
the Government there would be at the Expence of maintain- 
ing and Educating them in a proper manner, and would send 
them back to their Parents whenever it should be requir'd ; 
and that I proposed this to them as the means of cementing 
still a closer Friendship and perpetuating Peace between 
them and the English. 

Upon this proposal three of their Young men of about 16 
years of age immediately offer'd themselves to me in the 
presence of the rest to go to Boston ; and one of their noted 
captains, who had before accepted a Commission from the 
French, desir'd leave to send two of his Sons to be educated 
in Boston; which I readily promis'd and sent the three 
Young men there two days after : the day following I dis- 
patch'd all the Norridgwalk Indians back to Kennebeck 
River and caus'd the forces to embark and proceed upon the 
intended Service : and I heard the Indians shew'd signs of 
satisfaction at their arrival there in particular that they have 
discover'd and have brought back to the Commander of the 
Forces, two Deserters who were going to Canada. 

The next day the Vessell, which I had sent to S* George's 
River to bring hither such of the Penobscot chiefs, as that 
Tribe should delegate to come to the Conference return'd 
with fourteen of them : and the next morning I open'd the 
Conference with them. 

I acquainted them with what we design'd to do upon the 
River Kennebeck, and what had pass'd between me and 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 301 

the Norridgwalks upon that Subject, telling them that 
though I was sensible that they had no property in that 
River, Yet I thought fit, as they were our Friends, to apprize 
them of what we intended to do there with the motives of 
our proceedings : They did not discover the least uneasiness 
at what I said, and in their answer only desir'd I would 
build no fort higher up S l Georges River, than the present 
Fort, assuring me that they would not suffer the French to 
make any Settlement, or set up any fort upon their lands, 
and profess'd in the Strongest terms a sincere Disposition to 
cultivate a perfect harmony with us. 

They shew'd themselves very ready and desirous to Ratify 
the former Treaties of Peace ; which was done ; and in four 
days after their arrival here I sent them back to S* George's 
in perfect good Humour, having first made them the same 
offer of maintaining and Educating any of their Children at 
the Charge of the Province that I had to the Norridgwalk 
Indians ; Whereupon two of their Young men desir'd leave 
of me to go to Boston to learn the English Language, and 
one of their Chiefs offer' d to bring his Son there the next 
Spring and leave him to be educated. 

The Arssegunticooks still stand out and the only expe- 
dient, which occurr'd to me for putting a stop to their 
Hostilities, was to observe to the Norridgwalks and Penob- 
scots that by L* Gov r Dummer's Treaty with them, the 
Arssegunticooks and other Eastern Tribes ; to which Treaty 
the Government of New Hampshire was a Party, it is stipu- 
lated between the English and Indians, " That if any 
" Controversy or difference at any time thereafter should 
" happen to arise between any of the English and Indians for 
" any real or supposed wrong or injury done on either side 
" no private Revenge should be taken for the same, but a 
" proper application made to his majesty's Government upon 
" the place for Remedy or Redress thereof in a due course of 



302 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Justice," and that by the Treaty of Peace made in 1749 
between the same English Governments and Indians those 
Tribes engaged " That if any Indians should at any time 
" thereafter commit any Acts of Hostility against the English 
" they would join their Young men with the English in 
"reducing such Indians to reason." 

I then observ'd to them that three Commissioners from the 
Government of New Hampshire were, in Conformity to those 
Treaties, now came to meet the Arssegunticooks, in order to 
give and receive Satisfaction for Mischiefs done on either 
side ; but that the Arssegunticooks have absolutely refus'd 
to appear here, and insist upon taking their own Revenge on 
the English, have actually carry'd off one family Captive 
pillag'd and burnt two houses and were watching for opportu- 
nities to commit further Hostilities. 

Wherefore, as the English had on their part observ'd the 
beforemention'd Treaties, and the Arssegunticook Indians 
had broke them, and absolutely refus'd to submit to them, 
We had, I told them, a right by Virtue of those Treaties to 
call upon them to join their Young men with ours to reduce 
the Arssegunticooks to reason, which I now demanded of 
them. 

This was a very serious affair with them, and seem'd to 
Embarrass them ; the Norridgwalks Indians in their Confer- 
ence Assur'd me, they had already put a Stop to the Hos- 
tilities of the Arssegunticooks until their return to Norridg- 
walk, that they were sure they would commit none before 
they call'd upon them there, and that then they would use 
their best endeavours to restrain them from committing any 
further; and undertook, if they should fail of success, to 
give the English notice before they did more mischief ; The 
Speaker of the Penobscots in their Conference with me, 
assurd me that himself would at their return to Penobscot 
go to the head Quarters of the Arssegunticooks, and make 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 303 

them call their Indians in, from committing Hostilities 
against the English. 

I let both these Tribes know, that we should depend upon 
their effecting this, and if they did not, that we must insist 
upon their joining with us to reduce the Arssegunticooks to 
reason. 

This is the Issue, Sir, of the Conferences held here, and I 
hope the effect of them may be to Divert the Indians from 
further thoughts of War at present, and make them acquiesce 
in our New forts and Settlements upon the River Kennebeck, 
which, it seems clear to me with regard to the Indians, we 
have a just right to carry on ; and let their Disposition be 
what it will, that it is necessary to be done for securing the 
Possession of this most essential River against the Incroach- 
ments of the French, whether present or future ; of which 
there appears to be no End upon this Continent. 

As to the progress which is made by our forces upon the 
River Kennebeck, I shall defer, Sir, giving you an acco* of it 
'till their return to Taconnett. 

I dont, apprehend much danger, that the French will 
attempt to give them any Interruption in their march or to 
molest us in carrying on the two forts on the River : How- 
ever as the Governour of Canada's receiving frequent 
accounts at Quebeck of our number and motions, could not 
be avoided, and the French may possibly be elated with their 
late success upon the Ohio against Col Washington, whose 
forces consisting of about 4 or 500 men, I hear they have 
defeated : I am determin'd to remain here until their return, 
and our works upon the River shall be either Compleated, or 
so far advanced, as to be out of danger, that I may be ready, 
in case of any unforeseen Emergency to support the 800 
Men, we have now upon the River, with 500 more which I 
should not much doubt in such case to be able to raise forth- 
with in these parts, where 1 have taken oare to have a Corps 



304 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

de reserve left for that purpose, and to keep a Quorum of his 
Majesty's Council with me, as their Advice to me for taking 
any extraordinary measures, which the present Service may 
require, will be agreeable to the Assembly : and as Expresses 
by Whale Boats are continually passing and Repassing 
between me, the forts, and forces now on their march, I hope 
sufficient precautions are taken to prevent surprises, and 
Secure the Success of the Service I am en^ao-'d in. 

I am with the Highest Respect Sir, Your most humble and 
most Obedient Servant 

W. Shirley 



The Jesuit of the Penobscots to the Jesuit of the Norridgwalks. 

Mon Reverend Pere 

P- X. Vous avez tort de craindre 1' Anglais, 

il n'en veut qu'a vos terres, non a vos vies, si vous vouliez 
neanmoins tenter clefendre vos terres, vous serriez les victimes 
de vostre temerite : il faut que Narantsaug 1 et Pananamprsqe 2 
agissent de Concert : sans cela les Norrantsuaniens 3 ou an 
moins l a mission de Narantsuag est Perdu e; la coup est 
decisif ; il faut icy beaucoup de prudence ; tachons vous et 
moy de ne pas paroitre dans cette affaire ; il faut que vous 
aidions nos sauvages sans nous brouiller ni avec le francois, 
ni avec l'anglais quay que nous agissons con tre lun et contre 
l'autre ; la Conduite de l'un et de Fautre n'est pas droite 
devante Dieu ; vous ferez bien de ne pas faire le voyage de 
Quebec, envoyez y' a 1' ins^u de 1' Anglais J'y envoye, en part 
demain, voici la Parole que je fais porter au General * Mon 
Pere, 

1 Norridgwalk. 

2 Penobscot. 

3 Norridgwalks. 

* The appellation always used by the Indians when they speak or write to the 
Goveruour of Canada. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 305 

" Je viens vous ex poser ma misere ; 1' Anglais prend mes 
" terres et je suis trop foible pour luy resister, nos Armes ne 
" sont point egales ; il me montre des Canons, et une 
" quantite prodigieuse de Guerriers, puis je manquer d'en 
" estre accable" et detruit meme ? J'ay toujours cru, que 
" mon Pere me defendroit si je venois a estre vivement 
" Attaque." N - B 

II faut que vos Gens aillent porter la meme Parole, 
vous voiez que les miens n'ont Parle au nom des vostres, 
quils ne promettent point de paper 1' Anglais ; si les vostres 
promettent de paper 1' Anglais, et qu'ils le frapent les 
premiers nous les abandannons si au contraire L'Anglais 
frape le premier, nous le fraperons vivement ; exbortez vostre 
peuple a ne pas s'exposer, mais a s'avoir de Courage ; 
s'ils quittent leur terres pour un moment ils les perdent 
pour toujours: il paroit par les discours de ceux du 
fort S l George que si le pannaunmpsquiens 1 veut defendre 
les terres de narantsuag l'anglais ne les prendra point, 
il faut done que vos gens paroissent ne pas craindre 
FAnglais ; je n'ose pas les Solliciter, ni leur parler pour 
Narantsuag, si les affaires tournoient mal, on ne me jetteroil 
pierre : que vos gens ne plaignent point leurs peines ; quils 
ne cessant de porter icy des paroles, et faille des inter- 
rogationes il est necessaire qu'ils vienent nous dire, de 
parler a 1' Anglais ; on le fera'sils viennent : qu'on disc 
a 1' Anglais que les Pannaumpsqeins ne veulent Pont que 
les Narantsuaniens aillent a Maigan 2 comme J'entends dire 
que l'Anglais le demande. Je suis dans l'union de vos 
s.s. s.s. avec une tres profond respect. 



N. B. It appeared upon the Conference with the Penobscot Indians that the 
above letter, which the Jesuit sent in their name to the French Governour, was 
wrote & sent without their Knowledge. 

1 Fenobscots. 

3 Falmouth in Casco Bay. 

20 



306 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Mon Reverend Pere Votre tres humble et tres Obeissant 
Serviteur 

R Gounon J. 
A Pamiauampsqe le 4 Juin 1754 
(Penobscot) 
Je vous prie mon Reverend Pere, de representer a vostre 
peuple quil perd ses terres (en Confidence 'sil est possible ou 
au moins avec finesse ) de s'adrasser au Francois pour le 
secourir ; il perdra ses terres certainment, et fera oblige de 
vivre ca et la' miserablement dans les villages de Becancour 
et S l Francois ; qu'il ne quitte point ses terres s'il ne veut 
tres miserable 

Superscribed 
A Mon Reverend Pere Mon Reverend Pere Andrau 
Missionaire de la Compagnie de Jesus a Narantsuag 

And upon the Outside are the following lines which 
appear to have been wrote after the letter was Sealed up. 

L' Anglais nous appelle Maigan nous leur avons repondu, 
que s'l avoit quelque chose a'nous dire quil viendroit nous le 
dire chez nous ; nous serions bien fachez que Narantsuag 
alat a Maisfan. 



Letter, Secry Willard to Gov. /Shirley. 

Boston August 20, 1754 
Sir, 

M r Shirleys Journey gives me an Opportunity (which I 
have not had since I last wrote ) of Writing to your Excel- 
lency, I have been extreamly concerned lest you should want 
a Quorum of the Council to assist you in so crital a Con- 
juncture ; And have strongly solicited every Gentleman of 
the Board that I thought was in Circumstances that would 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 307 

any way admit of his going to Falmouth, but I found the 
difficulty in a manner insuperable : However, I understand 
that Cpt. Watts set out for Falmouth this morning And I 
hope He will carry Sir William Pepperil with him ; and if he 
sh d Your Excy will be pleased to remember that he is not 
yet qualified as a Councellor Cpt. Chever ( whom I have been 
for above a Fortnight past been endeavouring to get away ) 
will I believe embark To Morrow. I herewith send your 
Excy a Copy of a Letter I wrote to you by one Cpt. Killeran, 
lest any Accident should prevent his getting into Falmouth. 
I wish your Health & further Success in your Affairs. I am 
with great Respect 

Sir, Your Excellencys most obedient Humble Servant 

Josiah Willard 



Letter, Secry Willard to Gov. Shirley. 

Boston Sept. 1 st 1754 
Sir 

This afternoon I received by Express from Coll. Israel 
Williams the two inclosed Letters. I presently procured a 
Meeting of the Boston Councellors who were of Opinion that 
I should write to Coll. Williams to let him know their Mind ; 
viz, That he had Power by Law to do every thing he should 
judge needful for the Defence of His Majestys Subjects in 
those Parts & for the Repelling Pursuing & Killing the 
Enemy, till he should receive Your Excellencys Orders in 
this affair : & that I sh d immediately send these Letters by 
Express to your Excy & Copies of them to Governor Went- 
worth for his Information. Which I shall accordingly do. 
I have rec rt y re Exeys Letter by M r Shirley as also your 
Power respecting Registers which I shall execute agreable to 
your Intention I heartily sympathize with your Excy under 



308 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the sorrowful Providence of your dear Daughters Death. I 
am with great Respect 

Sir Your Excys most obedient Humble Serv* 



Letter, Gov. Shirley to Secretary Willard. 

Falmouth Casco Bay Sep tr 3 d , 1754. 
Sir, 

Finding it Necessary for the Publick Service, upon which 
I came down here, that I should Visit the two Forts At 
Cushenoc and Taconnett before I retur'd to Boston, I sent 
for Captain Sanders and imbark'd on Board the Province 
Sloop on Fryday 30 th of August Ab* 5 in the After Noon. 
Finish'd my buisness at those two places and Arriv'd at this 
place where I have likewise some buisness to Settle, Ab 1 10 
o'Clock last Night, having for the sake of Expedition pro- 
ceeded from Taconnett to Falmouth in the Castle Pinnace, 
and left the Sloop to follow me with Severall of the Gentle- 
men who Accompany'd me in this Town ; and I shall in a 
Day or Two after the Arrival of the Sloop be Able I hope to 
imbark for Boston, where I purpose to be by Monday or 
Tuesday Next, At Furthest. 

When I came on Shoar here, last Night I mett an Express, 
w* 11 Maj 1 ' Freeman had Dispatch'd to follow mee with Your 
Letters, to Taconnett, upon the point of putting off in a 
Whale boat for that purpose ; But I was so fatigu'd and it 
was so late at Night, that I could not finish my Dispatches 
for the Boston Express before this Morning. 

I extremely Approve of Your calling together the Mem- 
bers of his Majesty's Councill Residing in Boston to Con- 
sider in my Absence, what steps ware proper to be immedi- 
ately taken upon Occasion of the late Hostilities Mentioned 
in your Packet to have been Committed by the Indians upon 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 309 

the Western Frontiers, and of their Determination in the 
Affair, what I have thought Necessary for me to Add by way 
of Directions to Colonel Williams upon this Emergency is 
contain'd in the inclos'd Orders to him, which I would have 
you immediately communicate to such of the Council, As Can 
be forthwith conven'd At Boston ; And if Any Necessary 
Measures for the immediate protection of the Western Fron- 
tier, hath escaped my thoughts, or is not Sufficiently pointed 
out in the Orders, I desire the Council would supply the 
Defect by a letter to be wrote by your Self in pursuance of 
a Vote of Council : And transmitt the same by Express to 
Colonel Williams. 

I have had the pleasure to find from the Accounts, which 
General Winslow gave me at Taconnett of the behaviour of 
the Norridgwalk Indians at the March of our Forces thrd 
Norridgwalk, and the Messges which they have lately Sent 
to him in form by two of their Deligates, that there is an 
appearance of A Sincere Disposition in them to preserve 
peace and good Terms with us ; And I can't think there is 
any Danger from the Penobscots : I beleive their Pacific 
Declarations upon the Interview were Sincere, and that they 
left this place fully determin'd to Maintain Friendship with 
Us. 

As to the Arseguntecook Indians ( Who I understand are 
the Principal Actors in the late Mischief) Governor Went- 
worth had several Days before I left Boston Acquainted me, 
that they had then actually Committed Hostilities within the 
Province of New Hampshire ; And they would not Appear 
at the Interview But Declared (as the Norridgwalk Indians 
them selves inform'd me upon the Conference ) that the rea- 
son of it was, that they had not yet wip'd off the Blood of 
the two Indians of their Tribe Kill'd Ab l a Year ago within 
the Government of Piscataqua, hower I flatter'd myself that 
I had ingag'd the Norridgwalks and Penobscots to Use their 



310 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Utmost Efforts to prevent them from doing further Mischief. 
To enter into the detail of what passed between me and those 
Two Tribes, upon this Article At our conference would take 
up too much time here. 

I Design to call upon them by one express Transmitted to 
General Winslow, & another to Cap 1 Bradbury, in a Strong 
Manner to make good their promises of puting an Effetual 
stop to the Hostilities of the Arsegunticooks, and the other 
Indians Concern'd with them, or Instantly to furnish a Num- 
ber of their Young men to be joyn'd with ours, for reducing 
those Indians to reason, in pursuance of their Treaties with 
us in 1726, & 1749. 

In doing of this I shall Consult the Gentlemen of the 
Council and Act with their Advice, You know what pains I 
have taken to keep a Quoram of them with me ; but those I 
have here fall Very short of that Number. 

I hope I have by my late Visit to Cushenoc and to Tacon- 
nett Secured every thing to be done, that can be, during the 
stay of any of the Forces there, for the Advantage of the 
Province and Answering the great Ends of his Majesty's Ser- 
vice, which were propos'd by this Expedition. 

I am Sir, your most Assur'd Friend and Servant 

W Shirley 
My Secretary, M r Price being left behind 
me, to follow in the Sloop, I am oblig'd 
to take up with a worse Scribe. 
M r Secretary Willard 

Petition of Inhabitants $ Freeholders of the Second Parish 
in Falmouth. 

To his Excellency William Shirley Esq r Cap 1 Gen 1 & Gov- 
ernour in Chief in and over his Majesty s Province of the 
Massachusetts Bay & to the Honourable his Maj 18 Council & 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 311 

y e Hou ble house of Representatives in & for said Province — 
The Humble Petition of the Subscribers Inhabitants & 
freeholders of the Second Parish in Falmouth Sheweth — 
That the said Parish is of large Extent and the Greatest 
Number of the Inhabitants live at Great Distance from the 
place of Public Worship Some five, Some six, seven & some 
Eight Miles, so that few of the Persons in the families are 
able to Travel to Meeting — the children have but little 
Oppertunity to attend and have seldom any benefit by y e 
Publick worship & there being a sufficient Number of Inhab- 
itants in said Parish to Maintain two Ministers of the Gospel 
the Inhabitants who live Most remote and heretofore intended 
to Petition to be Divided and set off a separate & distinct 
Parish & before they did it the Rev' 1 M r Allen Minister of 
the said Parish Died and Now there is no Minister in y e Pal- 
ish — And your Petitioners Apprehend that if the Parish 
should be divided it may prevent Much Difference about 
Calling and Settling Another Minister and if divided y l each 
Parish would more Easily Agree in the Calling and settling 
Ministers for themselves — wherefore your Petitioners Hum- 
bly pray that your Excellency & Hon 18 will Consider their 
Case & order y e Parish to be divided into two Distinct Par- 
ishes or Districts, that each may Provide for themselves 
which will be a Means to Preserve them in Quietness And 
each parish better Accommodated and y or Pet" shall pray & c 
4 Ul Octo r 1754 

bis 

W 1 " Wentworth Paul Jemeson Ju Stephen — Jordan 

mark 

Ich Trundy Jun Henry Jackson Moses Hanscom 

Robert Jameson Juner Benjamin Small James Jordan 

his 

Samuel Condon James Abbot Elisha X Dugles 

his mark 

Moses M Hanscom senior francis Maxwell James Leach 

mark his 

Robert Jordan alexander Fauset John X Coffea 

his mark 

Joh N Jordan Juner Peter D Sholders George Welch 

mark 



312 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Dominions Jordan John M Creaght Robert Mitchell 

Robert Jemeson Sen Thomas Jordan Nathanael Staple 

Elisha Bragdon Joseph Gam man Jeremiah Jordan 
Nathanael Jordan Jeremiah Jordan tartus William Maxwell 

Jeremiah Jordan in William Porterfeld Jos Calef 

Daniel Robinson Vallentin Munmers Patrick Maxwell 

Nathaniel Jordan in Abraham Briant James Jordan Jim 1 

William Plommer Sam 11 Webb Joseph Dingley 

Humphrey Richards John Boswoll George Simonton 

Solomon Jackson John Jordan in Samuel Jordan Ju 

John Robison James Maxwell Noah Jordan 

Samuel Jordan Edward Avery Christopher Mitchell 

William Small John Trundy Clement Jordan 

Richard Clark Peter Starrat Richar Jordan 

Patrick Porterfield Henry Mackney 

In the House of Representatives, Novem r 13, 1754 

Read & Ordered that the pet 18 serve the s' 1 second parish 
with this petition by leaving a Copy thereof with their Clerk 
that they shew Cause (if any they have) on the second 
Thursday of the Next Sitting of the Court why the prayer 
thereof should not be granted 

Sent up for Concurrence T Hubbard Spk r 

In Council Novem r 14, 1754 Read & Concur'd 

Tho 8 Clarke Dp 1 * Secry 



Letter, Lieut. Ja s Howard to L l Gov. Phips 

Fort Richmond Oc br 11 th 1754 

May it please your Excellency ( Agreeable to General 

Winslos Orders to me ) I have taken the Command of Fort 

Western But find aneedsessity of Coming here when the 

Indians Com to Trade ( Which is But Seldom ) those that 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 313 

Com here tell me that there is several of the Naridgwalk 
Indians gone to Canada and When they Left naridgwalk 
they Intended To Joyn the Arsegonticooks, to Commit hos- 
tilities on our fronteers to the Westward, I intend to spend 
part of my time here and part at Fort Westren till finder 
orders from your Exellency (or till Capt: Lithgows Return 
From Boston) But alwise will keep one of my sons ther 
and the other here which is Carefull young men and well 
Aquainted with Garison affaires, till your Exellency pleas to 
order otherwise — 

I have sent your Exellency a barrel of potatoes per this 
Bearer Cap 1 McFadien which I pray your Exellency to Exept 
From 

your most dutifull most obedient and humble servant 

James Howard 



Petition of Joseph Planted Adm r 

To his Excellency William Shirley Esq r Captain General 
and Governour in chief in and over his Majesties Province of 
the Massachusetts Bay & to the lIon ,,le his Maj tB Council and 
House of Representatives for said Province in Gen 11 Court 
assembled October 16, 1754 

The Petition of Joseph Plaisted of York in the County of 
York, yeoman Administrator of the Estate of Joseph Plaisted 
late of said York Esq r Dec' 1 
Humbly Sheweth, 

That in Jan ry 1750, the said Joseph Plaisted Esq 1 being 
Sheriff of said County of York One Stephen Peirce of York 
aforesaid Cordwainer was arrested & Comitted to y e Goal of 
said County in York by Virtue of A writ of Attachment at 
the suit of Sam 11 Walton of Sumersworth in New Hampshire 
Gen 1 for one hundred Pounds Old Tenor due by a note of 



314 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

hand which writ was returnable at the Infer 1 " Court of Com- 
mon pleas held at York afores d on the first Tuesday of April 
1751, at which Court in April 1751 the said Sam 11 Walton 
upon said writ recovered Judgment against y e said Stephen 
Peirce for y e sum of X13.G.8 Lawfull money Damages & One 
Pound 10/2 for cost & had Execut" upon said Judgm 1 which 
was return* 1 in no part satisfyed — But before the sitting of 
y e Court into which the said writ of Attachment was return- 
able the said Stephen with the assistance of some Evil Minded 
Persons Broke through the Stone wall of the Prison took out 
the Iron Grate of the window in the Night time About y e 
20 th of March 1750/51 & he the said Stephen (together with 
another Prisoner Committed there for fellony ) Escaped from 
the said Goal Against the will of the said Joseph Plaisted 
the Sheriff and Could not be recovered Notwithstanding the 
said Sheriff used his utmost Endeavours to retake him — 
After the return of the Execution aforesaid Namely on y e 
20 th day of December 1751 the said Sam 11 Walton Purchased 
A writ Against y e said Joseph Plaisted Esq 1- then Sheriff of 
said County of York & Caused y e same to be served return- 
able at the Infer r Court of Common Pleas at York in Jan ry 
1652, to recover against the said Sheriff y e aforementioned 
damages & Cost at which Court Judgm* was rendered for y e 
said Sheriff to recover Against ye said Sam 11 Walton cost & 
Said Walton Appealed to y e Super 1 Court of Judicature held 
at York for said County in June 1752 & upon that appeal 
the said Sam 11 Walton recovered Judgment Against y e said 
Joseph Plaisted Esq r for y e sum of £ 15.4.2 damages & Cost 
£5.8.3, at which Judgment the said Joseph Plaisted Esq 1 
thinking himself Greatly wronged And Injured for that the 
Escape of the said Stephen was Not a Voluntary Escape as 
to y e Sheriff Nor a Negligent Escape but by and with the 
Assistance of others to y e Sheriff unknown who with force 
and Strong hand in Riotous manner in the Night brake 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 315 

through the Prison wall by means whereof y e said Stephen 
Escaped and not by or with y e will or Negligence of y e Sher- 
iff and for which the said Sheriff Humbly Conceived he was 
Not Answerable or liable by Law to make Good the Damages 
Any More than he was Obliged to build A Goal at his own 
Cost and thereupon with y e leave of the Hon We Sup r Court 
Pursuant to Law gave Bond to review the said Action at the 
then Next Super r Court of Judicature to be held at York for 
said County soon after which he was taken sick & Languished 
untill about y e 25 August 1752 when the said Joseph Plaisted 
Es<j r Dyed not having served a writ of review of that ease 
for want of opportunity and afterwards Namely about y e 
begining of January 1754, the said Sam 11 Walton Dyed the 
said Judgment not being Satisfied nor the action reviewed 
Since which y e Adm rs of the said Sam 11 Walton have claimed 
of your Petitioner Adm r of Jos: Plaisted Esq r dec' 1 y' sums 
recovered by said Judgm 1 which your Petitioner thinks he 
Ought Not to be Obliged to pay — 

your Petitioner prays leave further to observe that since 
the death of the said Joseph Plaisted Esq r your Petitioner 
for Preventing of any farther Cost or Trouble about y e Case 
apply'd to y e Court of Gen 11 Sessions of the Peace for said 
County held at York on y e first Tuesday of April 1753. 
Shewing forth the Premisses that the said Escape was through 
the Insufficiency of the Goal praying that the said Court 
would Order satisfaction to be made out of the County Treas- 
ury — but they refused to Do it — 

So your Petitioner is without remedy unless aided by this 
Hon ble Court about and Concerning the Premisses — The 
Admin r8 of said Waltons Estate live in New Hampshire can 
Impower Attorneys in any part of this Government to sue 
upon that Judgment & your Petitioner Can't bring a writ of 
review or if he Could Purchase such a writ cannot git it 
served because the Party against whom it must be brought 



316 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

is Not an Inhabitant or Resident in this Province — the Case 
is shut up against the Estate of said Joseph Plaisted Esq* 
Dec' 1 without having the liberty of such Tryals as y e law- 
allows others to have and this Not from any fault or neglect 
on y e part of said Sheriff or his Admin r — 

Wherefore your Petitioner humbly prays that he may be 
Enabled by the Authority of this Hon bIe Court to have his 
remedy Either Against the County Treasury for all his Dam- 
ages and Costs or that he may be Enabled to Review the 
aforesaid Action to reverse the said Judgment of y e Super 1 
Court in June 1752 Against the Admin rs of said Waltons 
Estate and that your Petitioner may not be in any Manner 
Obliged to pay the sums in said Judgment mentioned untill 
he shall have Reasonable Opportunity to have a Trial upon 
a Writ of review — or that he may have such other relief in 
the Premisses as to this Hon ble Court in their Great wisdom 
and Justice shall seem meet — and your Petit 1- as in duty 
bound shall ever pray. 

Joseph Plaisted Administrator 

In the House of Representatives Nov r 14, 1754. 

Read & Ordered that the pet r serve the adverse party viz 
the administrator of Samuel Walton dec d with a Copy of the 
Petition that he shew cause ( if any he have ) on the first 
friday of the next sitting of the Court why the prayer 
thereof should not be granted. 

Sent up for Concurrence T. Hubbard Spk 1 

In Council, Nov 1 15, 1754. Read & Concur'd 

Tho 8 Clarke Dp 1 ? Secry 

In Council Feb y 12, 1755 Read again together with the 
Answer of the Executors of Sam 1 Walton dec d & Ordered 
that John Greenleaf & Benj a Lincoln Esq 18 with such as the 
hon ble House shall join be a Com tee to consider this Pet n hear 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 317 

the Parties & report what they judge proper for this Court 

to do thereon — Sent down for Concurrence 

by Ord r of the Board 

J Osborne 

In the House of Represent Feb y 12, 1755. 

Read & Concurred & Col. Hale M r Bradbury & M r Niles 

are Joined in the Affair. 

T. Hubbard Spk r 

Petition of Ichabod Goodwin §■ Hannah Ayer Adm ors 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay 

To his Excellency William Shirley Esq 1 Captain General, 
Governour in Chief in & over said Province, The Hon ble his 
Majestys Council & House of Rep ve8 in Gen 1 Court assembled 
October 17 th 1754 

The Petition of Ichabod Goodwin & Hannah Ayer (late 
Hannah Scammon) Admors of the Estate of James Scammon 
late of Biddel'ord deced Intestate 
Humbly Shew 

That the Estate of said Intestate is Represented Insolvent, 
;is appears by the Certificate annexed. Wherefore the Pet" 
humbly pray Your Excellency & Honours would be pleas'd 
to Authorize & Impower them in their said Capacity to Sill 
the whole of said Intestates Real Estate, in order to pay & 
Discharge the Debts owing from said Estate as far as the 
same will extend, and y r Pet' 8 (as in duty bound) will pray 
Ichabod Goodwin for Self & Ayer. 

Whiscasett Petition. Oct. 17, 1751/.. 

Prov. of the Massachusets Bay 

To his Excellency W m Shirley Esq r Cap 1 General & Gov r 
in Chief &c To the hon ble Council & House of Repre- 
sentatives in General Court assembled 



318 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

The Memorial of us the Subscribers Inhabitants of 
Whiscasett & Mounsweg Bay at the Eastward part of the 
Province 

Humbly Sheweth 

That with great Labour & Expence we have subdued & 
Cultivated our Lands, have increased in Number, so as to 
stand it out against the Enemy the Last ware ; have had a 
Minister Preaching with us for more than five Years last 
past, have assisted him Acording to our Ability, in building 
him an house & Should have setled him among us, but that 
of Late a number of Gentlemen calling themselves by the 
Name of the Proprietors of the Plymouth Purchase, have 
claimed our lands & by their Agent Samuel Goodwin Partly 
by Promises & Partly by Thretnings, have Prevailed on a 
considerable Number of the Inhabitants (without the least 
Pretence of Right as we Concive) to take up under them, 
So that we are thrown into great Confusion & Disorder & 
notwithstanding the Proprietors, we hold under, have 
assigned Three Publick Rights in the town one of which was 
for a Meeting House to be set upon & by their Help & 
Assistances we Should before now have proceded to build 
one but We are prevented by the s d Goodwins perswations 
on a Number not to go foward with it, but to joyn with 
Frankfort in making one town which he Hatters them with 
the Notion of its being the Shire Town, upon the Dividing 
the County & hath prevailed on Sundrey of the Inhabitants 
to sign a Petition to the Great & Gen 1 Court for this pur- 
pose which should it be Granted will entirely destroy this 
Settlement (perhaps, the best below Casco Bay to the East- 
ward) as it will expose us much even to our Indian Enemys 
& we be Altogather without a Minister : Besides this there 
can be no Reason for it as there is Land Enough to make 
two Large handsome Townships & Whiscaset hath at present 
upwards of Seventy famelys and lays as compleat as most 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 319 

places for either a Town or a District. We have all along 
been desireous of haveing the Gospell setled among us & for 
that End have chearfully expended of our Substance for the 
Support of it being perswaded that Religion lays the 
Foundation of all other Happiness, we have for a Consider- 
able time had a Minister with us, who has Cherefully 
Submitted to the hardships of a place just beginning, in 
Common with ourselves in hopes that by & by, he should 
fare better, for this end he hath joyned us once & again in 
Petationing the Gr* & Generall Court to be erected into a 
Town or District in Order to Preserve the Rules of Morality 
& Religion amongst us & More especialy the due Observation 
of the Lords day which for want thereof is Shamefully 
Neglected but if we should after all be United with Frank- 
fort all these good Purposes must be Defeated & Whiscasett 
ruined. 

We therefore most earnestly intreat Your Exce 1 & 
Honours to take these our distressed Circumstances into 
Your most wise Consideration & if it be agreable to Your 
Wisdom & Goodness that you would be pleased to form us 
into a Town or District agreable to our former Petition & 
Plan now lying before this Hon bl( ' Court, whereby we appre- 
hend your best Purposes respecting ourselves as well as the 
Community will be Answered but the Contrary (we fear) 
will be our Ruin — and as in Duty bound shall ever pray 
Joha" Williamson Frances Gray Robert H 

John Bladgdon Timothy Dunton Thomas Murfey 

Lemuel Norton Richard Greenlif Michall Seney 

John Perce Jacob Metcalf Thomas M c Kenney 

Job Averell Ebnezer Gous Israel Averell 

Joseph tayler David Danford Samuell Greenlif 

Thomas Williamson John Rowell Joshua Sylvester 

Patrick Bryant Richard Flolbrook William Clark 

Joseph Young William Cliford Isaac Young 



320 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Samuel Trask Juii r Sam 11 Kincaid Henery Slooman 

John Gray Israel Honowell Elisha Kenney 

John Alley Samuell Barlo John Kinnicon 

37 

We whose names are Underwritten being over Perswaded 
by the Insenuations of Sam 11 Goodin to Sighn a Petation to 
be Joyned with Frankford not Duly Considering the 111 
Efects that would Attend it. Desire y* the Prayer of that 
Petation may not be Granted 

Obediah Allbee William Boyinton Robert Lambert 

Sam 11 Chapman 

4 

37 41 In all. 



Speech Oct. 18, 1754. 

Gentlemen of the Council, & House of Representatives 
1 In Compliance with the request of the late Assembly 
contain'd in the Message of both Houses to me on the 9 th of 
April last and your own Vote pass'd in the May Session 
following, I caus'd Eight hundred men to be rais'd for the 
Services therein mention'd, and soon after the rising of this 
Court imbark'd, in company with them, for Falmouth in 
Casco-Bay, where I had separate Interviews and Conferencee 
with the Norridgwalk & Penobscott Indians; After the 
former of these was finish'd I caus'd the forces & Workmen 
to proceed to the River Kennebeck for building a New Fort 
there above that at Richmond, with orders for a Detachment 
of five hundred of the former to march to the Head of that 
River, and the great Carrying-place between that and the 
River Chaudiere, and to remove any French Settlements 
which might be found and took, as much as was possible, the 
Execution of these several Matters under my immediate care 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 321 

and Direction, according to the particular Desire of the 
Assembly express 'd in the beforemention'd Message to me. 

2 You are already, Gentlemen, fully acquainted from the 
Printed Copies of the Journal of my Proceedings at Fal- 
mouth before and at the time of the two Conferences ( which 
for saving Your time at this Session I order'd to be print'd 
& distributed among You for your perusal during the Recess 
of the Court) with the Intelligence, I reciev'd soon after my 
Arrival there, of the Practices of the French Jesuit of the 
Penobscott Indians for preventing that Tribe, and the Nor- 
ridgwalks from meeting me, and the Influence, his Artifices 
had upon the Penobscotts ; as also of the feign'd Letter 
written by him in the Name of that Tribe to the Governour 
of Canada with a view of exciting him to send Forces to 
oppose the march of our Troops, on pretence of their being 
sent to dispossess the Indians of their Lands ; & likewise 
with the Particulars and Result of the two Conferences, I 
had with the Norridgwalk & Penobscots, and the Reason 
why I chose to speak with those Tribes separately : I shall 
therefore refer you for an Ace* of these matters to that 
Journal. 

3 The Place, which I pitched upon for erecting the new 
Fort and for my better Information caus'd to be Survey'd, 
together with the Navigation of the River between that & 
Richmond, as also the Lands adjacent, and to have a Plan 
taken of it, before I left Boston, is a Fork or Point of Land 
form'd by the Meeting of the Rivers Kennebeck & Sebastoo- 
cook, the latter of which empties itself into the former at the 
distance of ab l three quarters of a Mile from the falls at 
Taconnett. 

4 This Spot, which is thirty-seven Miles higher up the 
River Kennebeck than the old Fort at Richmond, & the 
utmost extent, to which it was adviseably or safe to carry a 
fort up that River at first, is computed to be not quite fifty 

21 



322 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

miles distant from Penobscott, and, as measured by the 
Chain & Compass, is not more than thirty-one from Norridg- 
walk by Water, and twenty-two by Land, and is on many 
Acc t8 the most advantageous one for the situation of a Fort, 
between that & Richmond. 

The only known Communication, which the Penobscotts 
have with the River Kennebeck & Norridgwalk Indians 
Inhabiting it, is thr6 the River Sebastoocook, by means of a 
Carrying-Place which they cross within ten Rods Distance 
from Taconnett Falls ; and their most Commodious Passage 
from Penobscott to Quebec lies thro Kennebeck to the River 
Chaudiere ; so that a fort situated here not only cuts off the 
communication of the Penobscotts with the Norridgwalks, 
but with Quebec likewise, through their easiest Route to it ; 
and, as it stands at a convenient distance for making a 
sudden & easy Descent upon their Head Quarters, is as 
strong a Curb upon their Tribe, as it is upon that of the 
Norridgwalk. 

6 But as the River Kennebeck is not Navigable for 
Sloops beyond Cushenock, and the Navigation between that 
and Taconnett, being eighteen Miles, is for much the greatest 
Part of it so incumber'd with Shoals & Rocks and strong 
Currents occasioned by frequent falls, that the Transporta- 
tion of Bulkey & Heavy Stores is impracticable ; unless 
perhaps in the Time of the Freshetts ; not only the Carrying 
up a Fort as high as Tacconnett, but the supporting it when 
built, appear'd to be attended with insurperable Difficulties, 
unless a large Defensible Store-house should be built at 
Cushenoc to lodge the Province Stores at in their Passage to 
Taconnett. 

6 To Remedy this, the proprietors of some Lands upon 
Kennebeck River, commonly call'd the Plymouth Company, 
made me an Offer, that if I would cause the intended Fort 
to be erected at Taconnett, they would at their Expence 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 323 

build at or near Cushenoc, as I should order a House of 
Hewen Timber not less then ten Inches thick, one hundred 
feet long, thirty-two wide, sixteen high, for the reception of 
the Province's Stores, with Conveniences for Lodging of the 
Soldiers, who may be placed there by the Government; and 
would Picket it in at thirty Feet distance from every Part of 
the House, and build a Block house of 24 feet Square at two 
of the opposite Angles to be mounted with four Cannon, 
agreeable to a Plan ready to be exhibited when it should be 
call'd for ; the Governm 1 to protect the people while employ'd 
in building the said House : w ch Vote & Plan shall be com- 
municated to you. 

7 This Offer I readily accepted for the province ; and 
that Company hath built a fortify'd Store house at Cushenoc 
according to the said Plan, which will not only serve to 
lodge the publick Stores in, but add to the Defence and Pro- 
tection of the River, & greatly incourage Settlements upon 
it : and to make it still more beneficial, I have caus'd a Road 
of Communication between Cushenoc and Taconnett to be 
clear'd for Wheel Carriages, whereby the Transportation of 
Stores by Land from Fort Western at the former to fort 
Halifax at the latter, in the space of one day, will be render'd 
practicable, and the want of a convenient carriage by water 
supply'd. 

8 A Plan of Fort Halifax Gentlemen shall be likewise 
lay'd before you : It is capable of entertaining four hundred 
men, and being Garrison'd with an hundred is of sufficient 
Strength to withstand any Assault w ch may be reasonably 
expected to be made upon it, either by Indians or French 
with Small Arms. 

9 As it is over look'd by an Eminence from behind 
within Cannon Shot, I should have chosen & had sent orders 
to have it plac'd there ; But finding upon Examination that 
the Carriage of Stone sufficient for the foundation of a fort 



324 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

of the Dimentions at first projected up to that Spot, with 
three Teams of Oxen, would have taken up above five 
months, or that it could not have been compleated before 
next Summer would be far advanc'd ; that one erected there 
would have cost above double the Expence of the present 
fortification ; and considering the difficulty w ch the French 
must have to transport Cannon or Mortars by land to 
Attack it, there is but little danger of their Attempting to 
do that soon ; I order'd Major General Winslow to proceed 
in Carrying on the fort upon the point of Land, where it is 
now built, and which had been at first unanimously fix'd 
upon by himself & his principal Officers in a Council of War 
as the best platt for the situation of it near Taconnett ; And 
I doubt not but it will effectually Answer the Service for 
which it is design'd in every respect. 

10 In the mean time, to secure it against a Surprize of 
this kind, I have caus'd a strong redoubt of 20 feet square 
in the second Story, picketted round, to be built upon that 
part of the Eminence w ch over look the Country round, and 
tho at present mounted with only two small Cannon of two 
pounds ball each, and Swivel Gun, and Garrison'd with a 
Serjeants guard of 12 Men, is made capable of mounting 
upon occasion five large Cannon, and holding fifty men. 

11 The March from Taconnett was perform'd by 500 
Men on both sides the River Kemiebeck up to the great 
Carrying-Place at the Head of it, and as far as the first Pond 
upon that w ch is computed by the Indians to be half way 
over it ; to w ch Bounds I thought it most adviseable to limit 
the March : it was seventy five miles in length, and in going 
from Taconnett took up ten Days & a half but the return 
from the head of the Pond to Taconnett was perform'd in 
four Days & a half : In this March the Country and River 
was measur'd & Survey'd by Chain & Compass and a Plan 
taken of it, which I shall order the Secretary to lay before 
you. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 325 

12 No signs of any French Settlement were found: 
However I can't but think, Gentlemen, for several Reasons 
that the Information given us by the Indians concerning 
that Matter was founded upon what they had heard the 
French declare, they had a design to do, and ( it seems very 
probable ) would have attempted before now, if they had not 
been hinder' d by having so much Business upon their hands 
in the Ohio. 

13 As many unforeseen Events might happen in the 
course of this Expedition, which would require further 
immediate support, & fresh orders to be sent, It seem'd to 
me requisite that I should remain as near at hand, as might 
be to provide for all Emergencies ; especially as it was 
impracticable to prevent intelligence from being carry'd to 
the Governour of Canada, of all our motions, & the Strength 
of our Forces ; and a report of Warr's having been lately 
declar'd in England ag l France prevail'd at that time : I 
therefore propos'd this for the consideration of his Majesty's 
Council then with me at Falmouth; who Unanimously 
Advised " that I should remain at Falmouth until the 
" Troops should return from their March, and as long after 
" as I should judge, his Maj y * service requir'd my stay, upon 
" the advices I should recieve from Major General Winslow." 

14. This Gentlemen, was agreeable to the late Assem- 
bly's request to me, that I would make a Voyage to the 
Eastern parts, & then take the immediate care & direction of 
these Affairs upon me ; Wherefore I determin'd to stay at 
Falmouth & retain a Quorum of his Maj y8 Council to 
Assist me with their Advice in all cases which might require 
it : and for maintaining as constant & expeditious a corre- 
spondence with the General & Officers of the Forts upon the 
River Kennebeck as was possible, I settled a Route for 
Expresses by Whale boats to be continually passing & 
repassing between Falmouth & Taconnett upon all needful 



326 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

occasions, by which means I might recieve Dispatches from 
Fort Halifax in about Twenty hours, and return my orders 
thither in twenty four : How necessary this was to be done, 
the frequent Dispatches, which pass'd between me and the 
General, and in his absence between me and Major Fry 
shew'd us more & more : The service of the Expedition 
must have been at least much retarded, and attended with 
more considerable Expence, if not insuperable difficulties, in 
some material parts, without it ; and after all this ; and the 
Opportunity, I had of conferring with the General at Fal- 
mouth soon after his return from the March, I found it 
necessary for me in order to secure in the most effectual 
manner the Execution of some principal parts of the Service, 
to make a Visit to Fort Western & Fort Halifax which I 
did : — I think every thing which could be propos'd to be 
done within the time for w ch the Troops were rais'd, is 
executed in the best manner it can be expected. 

15 The General's Journal Gentlemen of the proceedings 
from the day of the Troops sailing from Casco Bay, being 
the 4 th of July to the time of their landing at Cushenoc and 
his ace 4 of their proceedings afterwards to the end of them, 
and of the state in w ch he left Fort Halifax contain 'd in his 
letter to me dated the 21 8t of Septem r ( Copies of both which 
the Secretary shall lay before you ) will I am pers waded, 
satisfy you how well the Troops employ'd their time : 

I should not do Justice to the Officers in general, if I did 
not express to you my Approbation of their Behaviour in the 
whole Course of the Service : But the extraordinary Vig- 
ilance, Activity, and good Conduct of the Chief Commander 
in every part of his Command, and of his principal Officers, 
in performing the several Parts of their Duty under him ; 
particularly in the Transportation of the Cannon & Military 
Stores from Cushenoc to Taconnet, and the March from 
thence to the Middle of the Carrying-place, and back to Fort 
Halifax, merit an especial Regard. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 327 

16 As to the nine Days which the Troops remain'd 
incamp'd on Bang's Island from the Time of their Arrival at 
Casco-Bay, to the Day of their Imbarkation to Kennebeck ; 
I did not think it proper that they should proceed to execute 
any Part of the intended Service, before I had finish'd the 
Conference with the Norridgwalk Indians : — Tho I had 
determin'd to have the march made to the Head of Kenne- 
beck River and half-way over the Carrying-place, and to 
have Forts erected at Cushenoc & Taconnett, whether they 
gave their Consent or not ; yet that might have given them 
or the French too much colour to have tax'd us with Steal- 
ing an Opportunity to march thrd the Country of the Nor- 
ridgwalks, & build Forts upon the Kennebeck whilst we had 
drawn them to Falmouth, and engag'd them in a Treaty 
with us there : such a Reproach would have ill suited the 
Honour of this Governm 1 ; whereas now we have obtain'd 
their declar'd Consent in a formal Treaty, not only to our 
doing this, but to the making new Settlem 18 upon the River ; 
to all w ch they were ever before, and even at the beginning 
of the late Conference, greatly averse : and besides, I am 
perswaded that this Appearance of the Troops at Casco con- 
tributed not a little to our gaining this Consent from them. 

17 In Effecting these Services, Gentlemen, I have been 
as good an Husband for the Province as I could without 
hazarding the Success of them by an ill tim'd parsimony : I 
dismiss'd the Ships w ch was taken up to carry me and such 
of the Gentlemen of both Houses, as thought fit to accom- 
pany me to Falmouth and Attend the Conferences there 
with the Indians, as soon as it had carry'd those Gentlemen 
back to Boston, and brought others to his Maj ys Council to 
Falmouth; and equal Care was taken in dismissing the 
Transports after the Soldiers were landed at Cushenoc, no 
more of which were retain'd than what it was judg'd 
necessary to remain there for receiving the Supplies of the 



328 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Provisions and other Stores for the Troops and Materials for 
building Fort Halifax; the Troops were likewise Discharg'd 
from time to time as soon as ever the Service would admit 
it; and although the Expence of this Expedition will exceed 
the Sum, which was at first rais'd for the Service of it, yet I 
hope the good Fruits of it will make the Province a con- 
siderable Gainer by it in the end. 

18 Though the Troops, Gentlemen, found no French 
Settlement to be removed ; yet by their late march on both 
sides the River Kennebeck to the Head of it and the first 
Pond on the Carrying-Place ; you have probably prevented 
them from Attempts to make one there ; and gain'd the 
knowledge of a River & Country, which it behov'd you as 
nearly to be acquainted with, as perhaps any other River in 
the Province, and of which you knew very little before, 
higher up than Richmond Fort : and by these means and the 
building of fort Halifax you have made a considerable pro- 
gress towards opening the most easy & short Passage of any 
in New England to Quebeck by the River Chaudiere, and 
may by another easy advance up the Kennebeck make your- 
selves so far Masters of the principal pass to Canada, as to 
have it in your power not only to break up the French 
Settlem ts upon the Chaudiere But to make a sudden Descent 
upon Quebec it self, with a Stronger Force than the 
Canadeans can soon raise to assist it. You are now in 
Possession of that Part of the River Kennebeck, near which 
was the Place of general Rendezvous for the Eastern Indians 
inhabiting as far as the River S l Francois & the Village of 
Becancour in time of War, and from whence the Province 
felt continual Devastations in its Eastern Parts by their 
Incursions in 1723 & 1724 ; by having erected fort Halifax 
in the Heart of the Norridgwalk Country, and so near the 
head quarters of the Penobscotts, have put such a curb upon 
both those Tribes as must render them much more depend- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 329 

ent upon this Governm* than they have hitherto been and 
thd the good Effects of this Expedition should even reach 
no further than the present time (which I am perswaded 
will not be the case ) yet I might venture to say that it has 
sav'd the Province more than the whole Charge of it will 
amount to ; For if it is consider'd what was the Spirit of the 
Eastern Indians in the Spring of the Year ; excited by our 
neighbours of Canada, and the French Jesuits sent from 
thence among them, and some unhappy Quarrells which had 
given the Indians some Colour for their mischievous Inten- 
tions. It must be acknowledg'd that in this ill Situation of 
our Affairs, there was not the least probability that any other 
Expedients could have prevented the miseries and much 
greater Expence of a General War with the Eastern Indians 
from the beginning of the Summer, than that which we have 
put in practice. 

19 I have one more Advantage still to mention, w ch will 
Arise to the Province from this Expedition, I have the 
Pleasure to let you know from a Letter w ch I have had the 
Honour to receive very lately from the R l Hon ble Sir Thomas 
Robinson, one of the Maj y8 principal Secretaries of State, w ch 
Shall be communicated to you, that you have the utmost 
Reason to be assur'd that the part which this Governm 1 hath 
acted in it, will meet with his Maj y8 Royal Approbation ; and 
recommend the Welfare of the Province greatly to his 
immediate attention. 

20 And now Gentlemen of the House of Representatives 
I hope you will chearfully & immediately make the Supplies 
necessary for paying off the Soldiers employ'd in this Service, 
all which are now Disbanded, except 120, which I have 
retain'd out of the Impress'd Men, and old Garrison at 
Richmond fort as necessary at present for the Forts on Ken- 
nebeck, viz* 100 to Garrison Fort Halifax and 20 for Fort 
Western ; together with all other just Debts w ch have 



330 DOCUMBNTABY HISTORY 

attended this Service, as well as other Services for the Sup- 
port of the Governm 1 and the Necessary Defence of the 
Inhabitants, particularly what has been unavoidably occa- 
sion'd by the Assaults made by the Canada Indians on our 
Western Frontiers, during my absence in the Eastern parts ; 
& w ch was needful for securing the People on that Frontier 
against the depredations of the Indians. 

21 The Informations I had reciev'd of those Disasters & 
the orders, I gave thereupon shall be lay'd before you : and 
in a special manner I must recommend to you to provide for 
the establishment of the Garrisons I have left on the Kenne- 
beck for the Defence of the two Forts there, and to secure to 
us the Possession of that River, as also for maintaining the 
Scouts propos'd by Col° Israel Williams in his letter of 12 th 
of Sept r last ( which shall be lay'd before you ) to be kept 
up between fall Town and Hudsons River for the protection 
of the Western Frontier : and as some particular persons in 
those parts have been at great Expence in fortifying their 
Houses and thereby actually made a stand ag 8t the Enemy 
w ch is of publick Service, I would recommend it to you 
Gentlemen, to make them some Allowance for this extra- 
ordinary Expence, that they may not be ruin'd by it. 

22 I shall order the Treasurer and Commissary General 
to prepare the Acc t8 of what has already been expended and 
what still remains due to defray the whole Debt contracted 
by the Governm*. 

Gentlemen of the Council & House of Representatives I 
shall now lay before you a Journal of the Proceedings of the 
Commissioners of several Provinces & Colonies in the late 
Convention at Albany, wherein (besides their Renewal of the 
League with the Indians of the Six Nations ) is contain'd a 
Representation of the dangerous State his Majesty's Domin- 
ions in North-America are in, by reason of the Encroach- 
ments & Power of the French, & their growing Influence 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 331 

over the Indians ; with a Scheme by the said Commissioners 
projected & Agreed upon for such an Union between all the 
English Governm tB in North-America, as was by them judg'd 
necessary for their mutual Defence : This is an Affair of such 
moment, as will require your most deliberate Attention & the 
Speediest Dispatch to ripen it for the seasonable Considera- 
tion of the Parliam 1 of Great Britain, whose Authority is 
judg'd requisite for Effecting & Consolidating so desirable an 
Union. 

24 I think it material to lay before you an Extract from 
a private Letter w ch hath been communicated to me, dated at 
Oroh' quanghe the 14 th of Sept r last, in w ch among other 
Things there is this Paragaph, " Our Indians inform us that 
" the French spare no pains to disengage the Six Nations 
" from the English, & attach them to their Interest, — = That 
" the Govern r of Canada has sent six Battoes into their 
" Country with Goods, two to the Oneida's Castle two to the 
" Cayouga's, & two to the Onondaga's, and that a French 
" Priest lately sent a Belt of Wampum to Oneidy, to prepare 
" the way of his Reception among them. The Priest tells 
" them that he compassionates their Ignorance, & is desirous, 
" with their leave, to come and Instruct them in the 
" Christian Religion." 

If the last Circumstance, Gentlemen, is true we must look 
upon it as done with the privity at least if not by the 
Direction of the Governm 1 of Canada, and if the French are 
suffer'd to put in practice this Artifice among the Indians of 
the six Nations, we may give them up as entirely lost to the 
English. 

25 I therefore think it my Duty to observe, that it is a 
most unwarrantable Practice in the French under the pre- 
tence of Gospelizing the Indians to send their Missionary 
Priests into his Maj y8 Territories and the Countries Subject 
by Treaties to his Dominion, in order to Debauch the Indians 



332 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

there in Alliance & Friendship w th the English from their 
Fidelity & Attachm ts to him ; and engage them in Acts of 
Rapine & Slaughter ag l his Subjects ; It is to the suffering 
of this, that we chiefly owe the Mischiefs & Dpredations, we 
have for so many Years felt from our Eastern Indians : And 
I think it high Time that some publick Notice should be 
taken of this Practice to the Governm 1 of Canada, express- 
ing a proper Resentment at this injuria Treatment and I 
should be glad of your Advice upon this Matter. 
Gentlemen of the House of Represent yes 

26 I hope you will proceed in raising the necessary 
Supplies with the same Spirit of Unanimity and Dispatch 
w ch was exerted in providing for the Service of the late 
Expedition ; it would be extremely happy at this Con- 
juncture if you could agree upon such Ways & means of 
gathering in the Taxes as would be the least exceptionable 
to the People in General, as well as what would secure the 
Sums w ch the Funds ought to produce. 

Gentlemen I am sensible it is still a Busy Season for 
Husbandry Affairs, & therefore would not detain you at this 
Session longer than the Business to be done in it shall 
require your Attendance. 

W Shirley. 
Council Chamber October 18 th 1754 

In the House of Representatives Oct 19 th 1754 

Ordered that M r Speaker M r Wells Col Partridge Cap 1 
Tasker Col Choate Col Clap M r Quincy with such as the 
Hon rble Board shall join be a Com tee to Make answer to those 
parts of his Excellency's Speech which are directed to both 
Houses. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

T. Hubbard Spk r 

In Council October 19, 1754 Read and Concur'd and 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 333 

John Osborne, Jacob Wendell, Samuel Watts, Ezekiel 
Cheever, Andrew Oliver and Thomas Hubbard Esq rB are 
joined in the Affair. 

Tho 8 Clarke Dp'* Secry 



Message. 

Gentlemen of the Council and House of Representatives 

I thank you for Your Advice delivered to me by your 
Committee. The sense, You therein Express of my Atten- 
tion to his Majestys Service and the General Interests of his 
Governments on this Continent as well as to that of this 
Province in Particular, in the Course of the late Expeditiou, 
as also of the Success which hath hitherto attended it give 
me very great Satisfaction : 

I shall with great Pleasure exert my best Offices to pro- 
cure for you all needful Assistance, as to the charge which 
you have been or may be at in consequence of this Expedi- 
tion or any future Instance of your Zeal for his Majesty's 
Service : 

I am perswaded what you have now done is for the Safety 
not only of this, but, all his Majesty's Governments in North 
America. 

W Shirley. 
October 31 st 1754 



Message. 

Gentlemen of the Council and House of Representatives 

I have lately received Dispatches by Express from the 
Commanding Officer at Taconick, Informing me that the 



334 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Indians fell upon a Party of that Garrison sent out to load 
with Loggs for the use of the Fort at a small distance from 
it, and killed and scalped one of the Soldiers, and carried off 
four more as Prisoners one only escaping to the Garrison: 
The Letters relating to this Affair and other Matters of 
Importance the Secretary will lay before you. 

This Act of Barbarity and Treachery in the Indians gives 
a new aspect to our Affairs and Interests in the Eastern 
Parts & will require new Measures for our Security I would 
therefore desire you to take them under your Consideration 
and give me your Advice thereupon ; As also for the 
Effectual Security of the Western Frontier. 
November 6. 1754 

W Shirley 



Order. 

In the House of Represent Nov r 7 tb 1754 

Ordered that M r Speaker Col Choate & M r Wells with 
such as the hon ble Board shall Join be a Committee to take 
Under Consideration his Excellencys Message of yesterday 
& Letters Accompanying & make Report & that Said Com- 
mittee sit forthwith 

And further Ordered that said Committee prepare a 
proper Message to the Governor desiring him to Stop the 
present to the Eastern Indians which was ordered them this 
Session. 

Sent up for concurrence 

T. Hubbard Spk' 

In Council Novem r 7, 1754 Read and Concurd and 
Andrew Oliver and Benjamin Lincoln Esq 18 are joined in the 
Affair 

Tho 8 Clarke Dp** Secry 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 335 

Message. 

Gentlemen of the Council and House of Representatives 

I must desire you would give tlie utmost Dispatch to the 
Affair I laid before you in my Message sent you on Wednes- 
day last occasioned on the Attack made by the Indians on 
some of the Garrison of Fort Halifax and the Disaster 
ensuing thereupon. 

I stop'd the Country Sloop and the Commander of Fort 
Halifax ( who is embarked aboard her ) till I could determine 
what Orders to give, on this Occasion. The Sloop being 
loaded with the Winter Stores for Several Forts in the 
Eastern Parts must go first to S l George's and Pemaquid to 
be discharged of some part of her Loading before she will be 
able to go up to Cushenock with the Stores for Fort Halifax 
&c, For these & other Reasons w ch must be obvious to you, 
I hope you will give this Business immediate Dispatch. 

W Shirley. 
Novem r 11.17 64 

Letter, Gov 1 " Shirley to Capt s IAihgow if Bradbury. 

Boston Nov r 12, 1754. 
Sir 

I do hereby direct you constantly to maintain a Corre- 
spondence by Letters with Cpt. William Lithgow Com- 
mander of His Majestys Fort Hallifax, by sending to him 
without Delay all such Advices as may come to your Hands 
which relate to the Affairs of the Frontiers & on which 
Intelligence the Safety of his Majestys Forts & also of his 
good Subjects on the Frontiers of the Province may depend ; 
And that this Correspondence may be mutual I have directed 
Cpt. Lithgow to send you Intelligence from time to time in 
like manner as you are hereby directed to send him 



336 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

And I would have you make the best inquiry you can, 
whether the Norridgwalk, or Penobscot Indians were con- 
cern'd in, or consenting to the Mischief lately done by some 
Indians at Fort Halifax or whether they were privy to it and 
had an Opportunity of warning the English of it, before it 
was done : and let me know your Opinion concerning it, by 
the first Opportunity, after you have had due time to inquire 
into it. 



Warrant to Capt. Lithgow, Nov. 12, 17 5 If. 

William Shirley, Esq 1 Captain General & Governor in 
Chief in & over His Majestys Province of the Massachusetts 
Bay in New England To William Lithgow Esq r Greeting. 

Whereas it may happen that the stated Number of Soldiers 
at the Garrison at His Majestys Fort Hallifax under your 
Command may by Death or other Accidents be diminished ; 
In such Case, if you cannot make up the established Number 
by enlisting Voluntiers sufficient & well qualified for that 
Service ; You are hereby impowered & required from time to 
time in any Part of this Prov ce to impress into his Majestys 
Service such a Number of able bodied effective Men as shall 
Make up such Deficiencies; For which this shall be your 
sufficient Warr* 

Given under my hand 

W. Shirley. 



Message. 

Gentlemen of the House of Representatives 

It is proper that I should Acquaint you that Maj' r General 
Winslow to whom I gave the Chief Command in the late 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 337 

Expedition to the Eastward is so situated in his Majesty's 
Service, that it would be improper for him to be made up in 
the Roll of pay with the other Officers of the Regiment ; His 
good Conduct and Indefatigable Vigilance in that post are so 
well known to you that I doubt not you will think they 
claim a suitable recompence for his services ; I must there- 
fore recommend it to you to make him such an Acknowledge- 
ment for them, As will at the same time be for the Honour 
of the Province, and Encouragement of Gentlemen of 
Abilities to serve it, to enter into its Service upon future 
Occasions with the same Spirit, and Zeal which he did. 

W Shirley 
November 21, 1754 Council Chamber 

Nov r 21 1754 



Extract of a Letter from Capt. John Hamilton to D r Sylvester 

Gardiner 

Extract of a Letter from Capt. John Hamilton dated 
Chignecta 2 rl Dec r 1754 to Docter Silvester Gardiner in 
Boston- 

" De Loutre expects war in the Spring or Summer as he 
" says,~They say he is gathering the Indians together- 

" I suppose if he expects a French war, they will not begin 
" Hostilities before. I hear they expect a number of Large 
"& some small Canon- Also two or three hundred Soldiers-It 
" is reported they also design to make very considerable 
" Outworks to their forts " — " I hear the French are very 
" Vext at the Forts up Kennebeck River-One of them told 
"me it was only 37 or 40 Leagues from Quebec-" I fancy 
" shou'd there come a war they will have a Visit that way, 
"and some part of the ill treatment returned they have 

22 



338 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

" shewn our Colonies-The French lost a fine 74 gun Ship in 
"the Harbour of Quebeck this last Fall in a Storm- "They 
"report here that a Canada Mulatto named Picort shewed 
" Gov Shirley the way to the River Chaudiere, and that there 
"is a Number of Indians hunting after him to put him to 
"Death"- 



Message. Bee. 10, 1754- 

Gentlemen of the House of Representatives 

One James Johnson who was taken Captive by the Indians 
at Number Four the last Summer and by them carried to 
Montreal and sold to the French there hav g purchased his 
Freedom is now come to Town and brings Intelligence of a 
Design formed by the French for Attacking Fort Halifax 
with Five hundred French and Indians who were assembling 
at Quebec ( as he apprehends ) before he left Mont Real : It 
being of the utmost Importance that we should secure that 
Fortress at all Hazzards ; and that we should be speedy in 
sending succours to that place, and in taking measures for 
Bridling the French and Indians who may make attempts on 
that River against us. 

I would therefore propose to your Consideration in this 
Affair that I should forthwith send Orders to the Captains of 
the Independent Companies in the Eastern Frontiers to 
assemble without delay such Numbers of Men in their 
Companies as will make a Body of Men not less than five 
hundred to be ready at the Fort not only to secure that but 
also upon a Repulse of the Enemy if it should please God so 
to Order it to pursue them upon their retreat : 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 339 

This Matter & the success of our Conduct therein and the 
probable lasting consequences thereof are such that we can- 
not be at too great Pains and Charges to secure the Interest 
depending thereon. 

W Shirley 
Council Chamber Decern 1 " 10 : 1754 



Letter, Gov. Shirley to Capt. W m Ldthgoiv 

Boston Jan y 3, 1755 
Sir 

You have herewith inclosed an Exemplification of a Comm" 
I have issued to Col Jedediah Prebble & to you in Case of 
his Declining the Service therein enjoined : 

I do therefore hereby direct you forthwith and without 
waiting for the said Col Prebble or any Advice from him, 
to make Provision for strengthning the Fortresses mentioned 
in the Comm" by cutting & drawing of necessary Timber, & 
fitting of it for the proper Work ; And if Col Prebble do 
not soon repair to Fort Halifax, you must proceed to the 
Compleating & finishing of the s d Work accord 8 to Order 
without delay. 

I have ordered forty Men to be drawn out of the indepen- 
dent Companies in the Eastern Parts as Recruits to the Gar- 
rison at Fort Halifax, to be continued in the Service there 
untill the 10 th of March next, & then to be discharged, unless 
at that time there should appear any extraordinary Hazard 
from the Enemy, In w ch Case you must retain them there 
untill such Danger be over. 



340 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

You must employ these Recruits, & by turns the Rest of the 
Garrison, in Scouting for Discovery of the Enemy, as also 
for obtaining a better Knowledge of the Country ; The man- 
ner of reforming this Service for the best Advantage I leave 
to yo r Discretion. 

The Indian Bartholomew has a great Mind to come to yo r 
Garrison, & to do Service there, & more especially as a Pilot 
in the Woods ; And I shall send him accordingly : I doubt 
not but you will use him in such manner as to confirm him 
in our Interest, & yet not to put any Advantage in his hands 
to hurt Us, If he prove false ; W ch I verily beleive he will 
not. You must put him upon Soldiers Pay yet excuse him 
from ordinary Duty, but employ him in Scouting, as occasion 
may require. 



Letter, Capt. W m Litligow to Gov. /Shirley, Jan. 9, 1755. 

» 

May it pleas your Exellency 

the Souldiery of Fort Hallifax Is In a most Deplorable 
Condition for want of Shoes Stockings Beding and Bodyely 
Cloathing &c - as I have Signified In my Letter of y e 20 th 
Dec r and it is with the greatest Conserne that I am obliged 
farther to Acquainte Your Excellency that we have scarce 
30 men In this Fort that are Capable of Cutting or Hailing 
Wood for the Suply of this Fort and it Is with grate Difi- 
cualty thay Can Supply them Selves with Wood from Day 
to Day the Snow is So Deep, it is 3 foot at this Place, and 
haveing no Snow Shoas and our being In a manner naked it 
Is out of our power ware we In Health to Keep Scouts 
aBroad or even to Send a guarde with those men that Halls 
Wood neither Can thay Carry their arms with them being 
hard put to it to wallow through the Snow with their Sled 
Load of Wood, and it s hard Service for those men to Suply 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 341 

them Selves and y e Involleeds with firing which Takes up 
two intier Barricks, we have now but 4 Weeks allowance of 
Bread In this Fort, one fob of Rum and one D° of molassas 
and god knows how or when we Shall be able to gitt any 
Suplyes from Fort Westeren on account of y e Snow is so 
Deep, I Left Fort Hallifax y e 4 th Instent to See if y e River 
was passable on y e Ice with one Souldier for Company, and 
also to try if I Could Collect Som Leather or Shoas for a 
present Relife, till more shall be Sent, which I have got, and 
have Imploy d 2 shoamakers to work it up, we Came all the 
way on the Ice which we found to be very Week betwen 
Fort Hallifax and Western on account as I Supose of y e 
grate Body of Snow which Lyes on it which hinders it s frees- 
ing, the Ice there Is Sunk with Snow & Water about 2 foot 
& halfe Deep, y e under Ice was So weak that we Broak throw 
Sundery Times, and it was with grate Dificualty & hazad of 
of our Lives that we got to Fort Western, whare we was 
Detained by a Storm 2 Days. y e 8 th Instant we arived at 
Richmond Fort, where I thought it my Duty to wright Your 
Excellency this Letter, — 

I think it was a very bad affair that y e Barricks had not 
been left In Better order, and that thare had not been more 
Suplyes laid up in this Fort whilst the River was open, if it 
was bad Carrying y e stores then, I aver it 8 ten Times worse 
now, and I feer will Contineue So this Winter, for I Doubt 
y e River above Fort Westeren will be hard to freeze, on 
account of y e Strong Current that Runs there, and as to y e 
Cutt Rodes being of Service, it would now take 50 men, and 
Ten yoack of oxen 2 Dayes to Brack it, und after it was 
broaken it would Choack up with y e first wind that Blew, 
Som of y e gullys now are Drifted 10 or 15 foot Deep with 
Snow, that I think it will never be of much Service to us In 
transpoarting our provisions, till Such Times as y e Countery 
Settles and more teemes frequents that Road then what may 



342 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

be allowed for Fort Hallifax, but these Dull Complaiutes 
avales us but Little, to extracate us out of our present Diffi- 
cultyes it Remains now to think of y e best way by which that 
garrison Can be relived, and I would with Submission offer 
your Excellency my Humble oppinion upon y e matter, which 
Is that your Excellency give the Indipendent Companys or 
other forces that may be Raised as Succers for the Defence 
of this River, orders to provide or Impress Horces or other 
Cattle with provinder, and Slades or Caires, and those Cattle 
to be employ* 1 In hailing the Stores and other Suplyes that 
may be Soon Landed In this River ( for the Suply of Fort 
Hallifax ) up to Fort Western, farther I belive Cattle will be 
of no Service, on account of y e Rivers being Daingerous for 
Cattle to Travel on, as I have alredy observed, and then a 
proper Number of good men with Snow Shoes may be 
employed In Carrying up provisions from Westeren to Fort 
Hallifax, and after y e Road is beten well, and the Involleeds 
that may be able to Travel after being Shod &c for them to 
march Down y e River and tarry with y e provisions which will 
Save a grate Deel of featigue of Carrying of y e provisions to 
them, and that thare be good men placed at Fort Hallifax In 
their Rooms I should ere now have Dissmised Som worthless 
Fellows which Dos little other Duty then Eates their allow- 
ence, Could thay Traveled Home for thay will never Do any 
Service here or any whers else, this garrison, I think has its 
full Share of Such Cretures that Resembels men In nothing 
but y e Humain Shape, but Say Som, Such will Do for P'orts 
whare thay have nothing to Do but Eate & Sleep, as it 
seems to be y e opinion of those that Hiers or Empresses 
them, or at least thay Croud Such Into y e Service to be 
maintened at y e publick Expence to Save themselves the 
Charge Such men would be to y e Towns they are Sent from, 
now y e Consiquence of this management will be that this 
winter it will requier one hundred or 2 good men Constently 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 343 

Carrying provisions from Fort Western to Fort Hallifax for 
them selves and those that Canot Do their own Duty, as I 
have Just mentioned, which very much Discouriges good 
men, and Cloges y e Service which In my Humble opinion 
Requires y e governments perticular Notice, we very much 
want a Sortment of Suiteable Hearbs for the Sick, our Doc- 
ter has left us and we have no one here that knows y e use of 
our meadisons, a grate many of our men has ben sick and 
Contineues So, but non of them has yet parfectely Recovreed 
to their former healths, nor will not I belive this Winter, the 
men In General Seems to be very Low In Spirets, which I 
Impute to their wadeing So much In the Walter In y e Sumer 
and Fall which I belive has very much hurt y e Circulation of 
their Blood, and filled it full of gross Humers and what has 
aded to their misfortune is their being much streightned for 
want of Room, and Bad Lodgings. 

In y e Spring of y e year must be sent to Fort Western 10 
Lodes of English Hay, for the Suply of y e oxen that must 
Hall y e Timber for y e bulding at Fort Hallifax, — other wise 
we Can not go on with y e Buldings there, I have Imploy d 3 
Carpinters this Winter to prepair Timber for the above 
Buldings, I have agreed with two of them for <£30 g month, 
and one for £20 - old Ten r till y e Last of march, and after 
that 30/ - g Day till y e Last of May. 

I would again Recomend to your Excellency y e 8 flat Bot- 
tomed Botes Carrying 2 Tuns Each, which I mentioned In 
my Last Letter that they be sent to Fort Westeren as early 
as possible y e Next Spring, to Carry up our Stores to Fort 
Hallifax, which I am fully Satisfied must be y e way by which 
we can be Supply* 1 at this Fort, I add no farther then we will 
Do y e best we Can to Subsist till we have more Help. 

with Submission I beg Leave to Subscribe my Selfe — 

Your Excellencys most Dutiefull obedient Serv 1 

Will m Lithgow 

Richmond Fort Jan r y e 9 th 1755 



344 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter, Gov. Shirley to Maj r Denny $ Capt. Watts. 

Boston Jan y 18, 1755 
Gentlemen, 

There being Want of sundry Stores of Provisions & 
Cloathing for the Garrison at Fort Hallifax, which the Com- 
missary General is ordered to send to Arrowsick, to be from 
thence transported to Fort West" It will be necessary that 
the said Stores should immediately upon their Arrival at 
Arrowsick sent forward to Fort Western, I have therefore by 
my Warrant herewith inclosed impowered & directed you to 
see this Matter effected : If it should so happen that any of 
the Recruits I have ordered for Fort Hallifax should be pass- 
ing up the River while you are providing for the Conveyance 
of these Goods you may commit the Safeguarding of such 
Goods to the Officer of such Recruits otherwise to proceed 
in that Article (as well as the Rest) according to the Direc- 
tions in said Warr* 

I am, Gentlemen, Your Assured Friend and Serv' 

Maj r Samuel Denny & Cap* John Watts 



Letter, Gov. Shirley to Capt. W m Lithgow 

Boston Jan. 18, 1755. 
Sir, 

I have rec d your Letter of the 9 th Instant by Express & 
am sorry to understand by it that the Garrison at Fort Hal- 
lifax are in such a weak Condition by reason of Sickness & 
Want of Clothing, & that you find so much Difficulty to 
have Things conveyed to you from Fort Western. 

Besides the Stores sent you by Cpt. Saunders who sailed 
from hence about Ten Dayes agoe, I have with the Advice of 
the Council ordered the Commissary General immediately to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 345 

take up a Sloop & send you a full Supply both of Provisions 
& Clothing : And I have directed Major Denny & Cpt. 
Watts of Arrowsick to impress Horses Cattle & Carriages 
necessary & a Guard of Men for their safe Conveyance & 
send up the Stores to Fort Western : If the Time will admit 
after the Receit of this Letter you may give those Gentlemen 
particular Directions in the Managem* of this affair. I much 
approve of your Scheme for Remedying the many Evils & 
Inconveniences you complain of : And have given Orders for 
the Building Four flatt bottomed Boats immediately the rest 
will be built in Season. I have the utmost Confidence in 
your Vigilance Prudence & Resolution, for the Maintaining 
& Ordering the important Fort & Garrison under your Com- 
mand, And desire you would always impart your Sentiments 
to me with the utmost Freedom on the Affairs committed to 
your Care. 

Let me hear from you by every Opportunity ; and be 
assur'd that I greatly approve of your good Conduct and am 

Sir, Your most assured Friend and Servant 
P. S 

Send me an Ace 1 of the State of the Garrison under your 
Command by every Opportunity. I am determin'd to rem- 
edy in the most Effectual manner the mismanagem 13 you 
complain of. 

The particulars of what I have ordered to be sent are 
inclosed. Your Express arriv'd here last night at 8 o'clock. 

Cap 1 W m Lithgow 



Deposition of Abiel Groodwin. 

The Deposition of Abiel Goodwin of York in the County 
of York Testifieth & saith that the next day after it was 
reported that Sam 1 Ball & Stephen Pearce had broake out of 
York Goal which the Depon 1 thinks was some time in March 



346 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

1750/51 He was sent for by the then Keeper M r Sheriff 
Plaisted since dece d to mend the Breach, upon which he the 
Depon 1 immediately came & did it — 

And upon Examining the Breach found it was at One of 
the Windows where the Wall as lie Judges was about Two 
Feet & an half thro' The Window was Double Grated with 
Iron Grates placed into Iron Bars One set of Grates & Barrs 
being placed in the Inner Edge of the Window & Secured in 
the Oak Plank with which the Walls are Cealed The other 
set of Grates & Barrs was about Midway of the Wall and 
secured in the same. 

The manner of the Breach as the Depon 1 Judges was thus, 
The prisoners first got out the Inner Sett of Grates & Barrs 
whether by the help of a stick of Wood which he saw there 
in the Goal or otherways he cant tell but to the best of his 
remembrance one of the Grates was broake with the help of 
which as the Depon 1 Judges they Pick d out the Stones & 
Lime between the Oak Cealing aforesaid & the next pair of 
Grates ( the Stones being in the Middle of the Wall some- 
thing Small ) and made such Way as to Slip the Barrs into 
which the Grates were plac'd on end and so made way to 
creap out. 

York Feb a 3 d 1755. Abiel Goodwin 

York ss/ Feb a 3 d 1755 

Then M r Abiel Goodwin personally appearing solemnly 
made Oath to the truth of the within written Deposition by 
him Subscribed 

before Dan 1 Moulton Jus : Peace 



Answer to the petition of Joseph Plaisted, Adm or 

To His Excellency William Shirley Esq 1 Captain General 
& Governor hi Chief in & Over His Majesty's Province of 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 347 

the Massachusetts Bay, The Hon ble His Majesty's Council & 
House of Representatives for said Province in General Court 
Assembled Feb 4 th 1755 

The Answer of George Walton Esq r Moses Carr & Eliza- 
beth Walton Executors of the Testament of Samuel Walton 
Late of Somerworth in the Province of New Hampshire 
Gent. Deceas'd, To the Petition of Joseph Plaisted of York 
in the County of York, Yeoman, Administrator of the Estate 
of Joseph Plaisted Late of York aforesaid Esq r Deceased, To 
be Enabled to Review an Action Prosecuted by the said 
Samuel, against the said Joseph Plaisted Deceased, as Sheriff 
of the said County of York for an Escape of one Stephen 
Peirce &c. 

The Respond 18 Humbly Conceive it is not Reasonable to 
Grant this Petition so far as concerns them, 
l 8t Because there was a fair Tryal upon the Appeal, when 
full Evidence was Committed to the Jury of the Relative 
facts, (as the Respond 18 have been Informd by those who 
heard it ) which in Case of a New Tryal, cant Possibly be 
done, for the Respond 18 are wholly Strangers to the Circum- 
stances of the Escape, as well as to the Names of the Wit- 
nesses by which the Proper proof was made, the Testimonies 
being given Viva Voce in Court, & no footsteps Remaining 
how or where to Come at them. — the Principal of which 
were Persons then Living at the Prison, are Long Since 
Removed by Death or otherways. — The main Reason urg'd 
by the Petitioner, to Inforce his Petition, is that the Escape 
he mentions, was neither Voluntary nor Negligent in the 
Late Sheriff. — Now 'tis Impossible to know whether this 
is true, without knowing the manner & Particular Circum- 
stances of the Escape, the Proof of which will lay upon the 
Part of the Original Pla 1 and he is gone, and the Witnesses 
too, by which that Proof was made, the Granting the Review 
Pray'd for will be in Effect, Reversing the Judgment, it is 



348 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

therefore Humbly Submitted whether it is Just, to Grant a 
trial where both parties cannot have an Equal Chance of 
finding out the true Merit of the Cause. — 
2 ly Upon Supposition that the said Escape was either Vol- 
untary or Negligent, the Respond* 8 Presume, it woud not be 
tho't Reasonable to Grant this Petition — Now besides the 
Common Report here without doors, & the Account given by 
those who heard the Trial, the State of the Case as Set forth 
by the Petitioner contains Strong Presumtive Evidence, 
that it was at least a Negligent Escape ■ — For he says 
Judgment was Renderd for the Original Pla 1 and that the 
County would not Relieve Him &c, it must therefore be 
Presum'd That there was Satisfactory Evidence given to the 
Jury on the last Tryal ( for at the first Court as the Respond 18 
are Informed, the Pla 1 as was then the Common Practice 
Produced no Evidence ) That this was one or the other of 
those kinds of Escapes, and this Presuption is much Cor- 
roborated, by the Issue of Petition 1 * 8 Application to the Court 
of General Sessions of the Peace for said County, Several of 
the Justices of which Court had been acquainted with the 
Nature of this Escape, & well knew what it Ought justly to 
be Denominated — For it Cant be Conceivd, had the case 
Really been as the Petitioner Represents it, that, That Court 
Considering the Provision made by the Province Law in Such 
Cases, woud have Rejected his Motion — 

But the Case in truth (as the Respond 18 have it from 
others) was thus, the Prisoner was a Shoe-maker, the Sheriff 
Permitted him to Work at his Trade in the Prison, had his 
Tools & Billets of Wood for his fire, by which he Cut away 
the wood, & wrenched out the Grates in the Window, of the 
Room in which he was Confind, at which Window he made 
his Escape — the Suggestion therefore of Riotous assistants, 
with force of strong hand breaking through the Prison Wall, 
& that he got out of the Prison by that means is without 



OF THE STATE OF MATNE 349 

foundation, which many of the said Justices knew, by what 
they heard in the time the fact was done, & afterwards on 
the Trial. — Which was Doubtless the Reason of the Ses- 
sion's Denying Relief — 

3 ly No Action will lye ag* a Sheriff's Exec 18 or Administra- 
tors, after his Decease for Such an Escape Committed in his 
lifetime, the Law Presuming they cannot be Privy to, or 
knowing of, the facts necessary to be provd in his Defence. — 
The Reason as the Respond 18 Humbly Conceive, is the same 
here. — it is therefore Submitted whether it be Reasonable 
to Grant a Special Tryal, where the Common Law woud Not 
give an Action. — Near two Years were Elapsed after the 
Said Judgment, before the Decease of the Said Samuel Wal- 
ton, no new Difficulty has accrewed by his Decease with 
Respect to Serving a Writ of Review, but had this Petition 
been Presented in his Lifetime, lie coud either have attended 
himself, or given necessary Instructions to others, So that 
they might have been able, to have maintaind & Defended 
the last Judgment in no part Erroneous, which the Respond 18 
Conceive is quite Obvious, cannot now be done, with any 
Prospect of the same Success. — 

4 ly The Delay of this Motion so long, is some Objection 
against it, the Said Sam 1 Walton had had no apprehentions 
of it in his time, Considered the said Judgment as part of 
his Personal Estate, & Doubtless had Some Regard to it in 
the Disposition of his Estate ■ — But what is more, it Consid- 
erably affects the Administration of the Respond' 8 for the 
Reversion of this Judgment, may Occasion a Real Insolvency 
after they have paid off three fourths of the Debts of their 
Testator, & make them Consequentially, guilty of a Waste, 
and so Involve them who are Strangers, in Losses, without 
any fault of their own — as to that Part of the Petition 
Desiring a Remedy against the County Treasurer the Respond* 8 



350 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

have nothing to Say — But upon the whole as to the Review 
Prayd for, Submit it, That the Petition is unreasonable. 

Geo: Walton ^ 

Moses Carr \ Executors 

Elisabeth Walton ) 

Governor's Speech. Feb. 7, 1755. 

Gentlemen of the Council and House of Representatives 

The Occasion of my convening you after so short a 
Recess is to acquaint you with an Enterprize which I am 
concerting Measures with the Hon ble Colonel Lawrence Lieu? 
Governor & Commander in chief of the Province of Nova 
Scotia to execute this Spring. 

You will find in your Journals of the last Winter Session, 
that the late Assembly by their Message to me in Answer to 
that part of my Speech which lay'd before his Majesty's 
Orders signify'd to me by the R* Hon ble Earl of Holdernesse 
then his Majesty's principal Secretary of State for the South- 
ern Department whereby I was order'd to remove the French 
from any Incroachments they should attempt within the 
Limits of this Province, desir'd me to represent to his 
Majesty the fatal Mischiefs w ch they apprehended his Maj- 
esty's Subjects there and in his other Colonies of New 
England as well as that of Nova Scotia were threaten' d with, 
If the French should be suffer'd to continue their Incroachm 18 
upon the Isthmus of the Peninsula of that Province & S k 
John's River in the Bay of Funda. 

Accordingly Gentlemen, I transmitted to the Earl of 
Holdernesse a Representation which appears to have been 
lay'd before his Majesty from a Letter, I had the Honour to 
receive from the R* Hon ble Sir Thomas Robinson dated 21 st 
June 1754, which I communicated to you at your last 
Session, and wherein after declaring his Majesty's Royal 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 351 

Approbation of the Zeal and Vigour of this Government in 
his Service shewn in fitting out the Expedition on the River 
Kennebeck, I had his Majesty's Orders to acquaint you that 
the several Matters I had represented on your Behalf should 
be consider'd, and to Assure you of his Majesty's particular 
Attention to the Welfare of his good Subjects in this 
Province. 

Since that in the latter End of October last, I had the 
Honour to receive another Let from Sir Thomas Robinson 
dated 5 th of July 1754, repeating his Majesty's Royal 
Approbation and Encouragement of the proceeding of this 
Government in the before mention'd Expedition, and par- 
ticularly acquainting me, that it was his Majesty's Pleasure, 
that I should concert with Colonel Lawrence the most proper 
and speedy Measure for taking all possible Advantage in 
Nova Scotia, of the then suppos'd Absence of the Indians 
out of it, in case M r Lawrence should have Force enough to 
attack the Forts erected by the French in those parts with- 
out exposing the English Settlements, and that by his 
Majesty's Order he had sent Col 1 Lawrence a Copy of this 
Letter, that it might serve as his Majesty's Instruction to 
him as well as to myself, inclosing to me in it a Copy of his 
Letter to Colonel Lawrence upon the same Occasion. 

To prevent any Disappointment which might arise from 
the Miscarriage of Colonel Lawrence's Packet to Halifax by 
some Accident, I took the first Opportunity of transmitting 
to him Copies of my own, and acquainting him with my 
Readiness in obedience to his Majesty's Orders to enter into 
a Concert with him of the most proper Measures for execut- 
ing the Service injoin'd us, and to give him all the Assist- 
ance in my Power for effecting it. 

These Copies arriv'd at Halifax before the Original 
Orders ; But before the Arrival even of the Copies, Colonel 
Lawrence had wrote a Letter to me dated the 5 th of Last 



352 DOCUMENTABY HISTORY 

November, in which he acquaints me, " that being well 
" Inform'd that the French have Designs of incroaching still 
" further upon his Majesty's Rights in that Province, and 
that they propose, the moment they have repair'd the 
Fortifications of Louisbourg, to attack Fort Lawrence at 
Chiegnecto, he thought it high time to make some Effort to 
drive them from the North side of the Bay of Funda : But 
as it was impossible for him to collect Men enough to execute 
that Design, without weakening the Metropolis and exposing 
the Settlers in that part of the Provinoe to the Insults of the 
French [Inhabitants] " and Indians, that he had sent the 
Bearer Lieu? Colonel Monckton to sollicit my Assistance and 
to Advise with me how such an Undertaking might be carry'd 
on with the greatest privacy, & Effect: That he had his 
Directions to propose to me the raising two thousand Men, 
w ch if it could be done early in the Spring would, he 
believ'd, with what Regular Troops he should be able to add 
to them, be sufficient to do the Business: That I must 
undoubtedly be sensible what an Advantage we shall gain 
upon the French by attacking them first, more especially as 
their chief Dependance is the Indians, and the revolted 
French Inhabitants, from the District of Schiegnecto, who 
most probably would leave them, when they shall find they 
are unable to keep their Ground, and who would infallibly 
Assist the French, if they should begin with us, That these 
Considerations had induc'd him to put this Design in Execu- 
tion as early in the Spring as may be, before the Ships of 
War shall arrive at Louisbourg from France ; that they 
would be in the greatest Want of provisions & Warlike 
Stores ; and what he flatter'd himself would greatly favour 
the Design at this Juncture, was the Incroachments, the 
French had made upon the Ohio, to " which place their 
" Force & Attention seem'd at present to be intirely drawn 
"off." 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 353 

He adds, among other cogent reasons for carrying this 
Design into Execution this Spring "that the most pressing 
one " was self preservation, being ( as he had observ'd 
before) well inform'd that the French were meditating an 
Attempt on his Majesty's Fort at Schiegnecto to be executed 
as soon as their Affairs would Admit of such an Enterprize ; 
and that he was further induc'd to give Credit to this 
Information, because he well knew the Difficulties, the 
French labour under at present for want of Land to put the 
revolted Inhabitants upon, whom they are now Oblig'd 
chiefly to maintain at the French King's Charge, & that for 
Want of a free Navigation in the Bay of Funda, they were 
put to such Streights for provisions, that they dare not 
collect the Inhabitants in Bodies near them for fear so great 
a Consumption would cause a general Famine and Oblige 
them to quit the Country : That he had taken the Precaution 
of sending two arm'd Vessels into the Bay with possitive 
Orders to prevent any Corn's being carry'd to the French 
from Pisiquid, Minas or Annapolis Royal, for which purpose 
the Council of that Province had pass'd an Act laying a very 
heavy Penalty on the Exportation of Grain without a Permit 
from him. 

I thought it proper to point out to you, Gentlemen, 
Colonel Lawrence's beforemention'd Reasons for prosecuting 
the propos'd Enterprise this Spring ; — other Motives by 
which he has acted in it you will find set forth in an Extract 
of his Letter, which I shall Order the Secretary to lay before 
you as I shall the Letters of Sir Thomas Robinson's to both 
of us. 

I would add some further Arguments for doing it, which 
appear to me of great Weight. 

I think, Gentlemen, there is strong Reason to apprehend 
that when the French shall Attempt to extend their Incroach- 

23 



354 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ments upon the Peninsula, they will endeavour to carry them 
as far as Annapolis Royal. 

We certainly know that the Court of France in the 
Memorial of their Commissaries upon the limits of Accadie - 
deliver'd to his Majesty's Commissaries at Paris in 1750 
claim the whole country to the Westward and Southward of 
the River S* Lawrence as far as the Kennebeck on one side 
of the Bay of Funda and Annapolis Royal on the other, and 
they may with the same Pretensions seize upon it as far as 
Annapolis Royal, as they have already done upon the 
Isthmus & S* John's River. 

It seems not to be doubted but that they are under a 
Necessity of extending their Incroachments as far as Minas 
in Order to find room for the revolted Inhabitants of 
Schiegnecto to resettle upon Farms ; and as it would greatly 
facilitate their doing that, if they could by any means induce 
the Inhabitants of Minas and Annapolis River to Join with 
them; w ch would give the French an Addition of upwards 
of 4000 fighting Men, with the most fruitfull part of the 
Country, and consequently an exceeding strong hold upon 
the peninsula ; it can't but be a prevailing Motive with them 
to Attempt it ; especially as upon the raising of two English 
Regiments in their Neighbourhood, they must be doubtless 
alarm'd for the Safety of their Present Possessions unless 
they shall strengthen themselves in them by gaining such an 
Addition of fighting Men and Country for their Subsistence 
as I have mention'd. 

The proper Opportunity, Gentlemen, of their availing 
themselves of these advantages must be unquestionly before 
his Majesty's Troops in Nova Scotia shall be reinforced, and 
whilest the present Strength of the French upon the Isthmus 
is sufficient to oblige his Majesty's Garrison at Schiegnecto 
to abandon their Fort there which is doubtless in their 
Power to do at present. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 355 

If the French should Attack Fort Lawrence this Spring 
before the Governour there shall receive a reinforcement it 
is well known that the Garrison in it could not hold out a 
day against a very few small Cannon, & the Forces of every 
kind which the French could muster against it upon the 
Isthmus ; The best that could be hop'd for in such Case is 
that the Garrison might possibly make a good Retreat, which 
it is greatly to be fear'd would of itself encourage the 
Accadians of Minas & Annapolis Royal to join with their 
revolted Brethren of Schiegnecto, in openly declaring for the 
French ; If that should not effect it ( w ,;h seems scarcely to 
be doubted) the Appearance of two or three French Ships 
of War in Bay Verte or the Bay of Funda at the same time 
certainly would. 

If the French should succeed in such an Attempt & not 
content themselves with the Acquisition of what they insist 
they have a Right to take from us by any kind of Violence 
without being guilty of a Violation of the Treaties of 
Utrecht and Aix la Chapelle to proceed to what they must 
call Acts of Hostility as soon as they shall judge they are 
strong enough on this Continent to venture upon them, it 
seems no difficult Matter for them to find an Opportunity of 
landing a number of Troops upon the Peninsula, w ch in con- 
junction with the Force they will then have there, will 
enable them by a sudden Blow to remove the present English 
Garrisons & Settlements & make themselves Masters of the 
whole Province of Nova Scotia, the Rivers of Pentagoet and 
Kennebeck, and the Eastern parts of New England as far as 
the River Merrimac ; all which would give them a Country 
& Sea Coast capable of subsisting a large Body of Forces at 
Land, and together with Louisbourg, stationing a Naval 
Force sufficient to dispute the Mastery of these Seas ; If this 
should happen to be the case, it must be the Work of a long 
& expensive War to retrieve the Blow ; if that could ever be 



356 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

done ; if it should not be retrievable ; I believe every 
Member of this Assembly would join with me in pronounc- 
ing that New England would in a short time be lost to the 
French. 

I can't think it is an Extravagant Supposition, Gentlemen, 
to say that this may possibly prove to be the case if timely 
and Vigorous Efforts are not us'd to stop the French 
Incroachments upon the Peninsula : If we may judge, how 
determin'd the French are to make themselves Masters of 
Nova Scotia from the lengths they have gone to seize on the 
Ohio & Country adjacent in Manifest Violation of the above 
mention'd Treaties, why should we think it improbable that 
they will go the same lengths in Nova Scotia ; They have 
not only form'd a Line of Circumvallation round the British 
Dominions from Cape Briton to the Gulf of Mexico, but 
have settled a Communication between Louisbourg & Quebec 
across the Isthmus of the Peninsula over the Bay of Funda 
& thro' the River S* John's : a large Empire is now at Stake, 
w ch they have long had in View & have been steadily 
pursuing upon an uniform Plan from the beginning; If they 
should gain it, they would thereby la}' a surer foundation for 
establishing a general Dominion by Sea as well as Land, w ch 
hath been for many years the Grand Object of their Councils, 
than it is in their Power to do by any other Measures: 
Nova Scotia is the Northern Key of this Continent, w ch if 
they could be Masters of, would open an Entrance for them 
to pour in their Troops from France at Pleasure ; it is like- 
wise a fertile Soil which would enable them to subsist a 
large standing Body of Regular Forces, which it is not in 
their Power to do without it : It seems therefore reasonable 
to expect that they are meditating some sudden Blow to 
seize upon the whole of it. 

In a late Letter, which I have receiv'd from Colonel 
Lawrence he informs me that he is preparing new Batteries 



OF THE STATE OF MAESTE 357 

for the reception of M r La Galissioniere at Halifax : That 
Gentleman is universally reputed to be the Projector of the 
present French Schemes upon the Ohio for the junction of 
Canada with the Missisippi ; and to have the principal Share 
in the Direction of their Councils for the Affairs of Canada 
abroad & their Marine at home ; It is easy to be believ'd 
that the Court of France should have no other Views in 
equipping their late Armament from Toulon than to chastize 
the petty State of Tunis, & afterwards exercise their Mari- 
ners, or that an Officer of M r La Galissioniere's Character 
& Importance, should be sent out upon no other Command. 

Let us not flatter ourselves too much, Gentlemen, with 
our boasted Superiority of Numbers to that of the French 
upon this Continent: what hath that hitherto avail' d some 
of our most populous & rich Western Colonies ; how long 
are we sure of preserving that Advantage over them. 

If the French should maintain their Ground in the West- 
ern parts of his Majesty's Territories here ; they must in all 
probability by the End of the Year or Spring following have 
gain'd the whole Body of Indians inhabiting that Country, 
& the whole Six Nations over to their Interest, & establish 
a line of Forts upon the Great Lakes & Rivers close upon 
the back of the English Colonies from South Carolina to 
New York. 

It may be computed that in the four first of these Colonies 
reckon'd together there are full as many Negro Slaves 
capable of bearing Arms, as there are white fighting Men ; 
very dangerous Conspiracies of them unarm'd & unsupported 
by any other Force, for making a General rising against their 
Masters have not been unfrequent in these Colonies ; one 
happen'd not above fourteen Years ago in the City of New 
York, tho' the Slaves in it are but few in proportion to the 
Number of the white Inhabitants : In Jamaica a Body of 
fugitave Negroes held out several Years against the whole 



358 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

force of the Island : when those of the four most Western 
Colonies shall be intic'd with large promises by the French 
from without, who are able to protect, and instigated by their 
Emissaries within, to rise against or desert their Masters, is 
not there the utmost Reason to Apprehend that they would 
seek the first Opportunity of doing it. 

It is well known how much those four Colonies abound 
with Roman Catholicks, Jacobites, & transported Convicts, 
who far from being to be depended upon against the Enemy 
would doubtless, many of them, instigate the Slaves to rebel, 
and perhaps join with them : To all these may be added the 
Great Numbers of Foreigners scatter'd thro' these four 
Colonies, several of them Roman Catholicks, & all of them 
indifferent about changing the English for a French Govern- 
ment, provided they could be eas'd of their present Quit 
rents, and have their Grants of Land inlarg'd to them. 

As to the Province of Pensilvania, th6 their Negro Slaves 
bear no proportion to the white Inhabitants, yet their 
Governm 1, is compos'd chiefly of persons, whose religious 
principles hinder them from putting their Country into a 
posture of defence against an Enemy, & a third part of the 
Inhabitants consists of Strangers whose Attachment to the 
English Government may for the Reasons before mention'd 
be suspected in a time of Distress. 

Should the French when Augmented by the Indians, and 
a further Reinforcem* from France erect their Standard in the 
Settlement w ch they have already begun to make on the 
Back of our Western Colonies, might they not draw together 
a Force superior to theirs ? 

If it should be demanded how the Body is to be subsisted 
would it be impracticable for them soon to possess them- 
selves of one or two fertile Provinces in the Heart of his 
Majesty's Western Colonies capable of supporting them upon 
the Lakes and Rivers, and in the Country adjacent, w ch of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 359 

itself must, if cultivated become in a short time one of the 
finest Granaries & Countries for breeding Cattle & other live 
Stock in the World. 

We ought not to look upon this, Gentlemen, as a Scheme 
merely visionary ; Instances of very sudden Revolutions 
have happen'd in powerful States from Causes less visible or 
probable than what may be assign'd for this : one proceeding 
from the Causes I have mention'd must in its Nature be such ; 
& when conducted by People of so enterprizing a Spirit, & 
so rapid in their Motions, as the French would not be 
unlikely to succeed : such a Scheme is suited to their 
Genius, & to their original plan of making themselves 
Masters of this Continent. 

I have enter'd so far into a Consideration of the State of 
the Western Colonies and the bad Consequences, w ch have & 
may still further attend the progress w ,h the French have 
been suffer'd to make in their Incroachments upon them, in 
order to shew the Necessity of putting a speedy End to their 
Incroachments in Nova Scotia, w ch they have carry'd on 
already to more dangerous lengths than is consistent with 
the Safety either of that Province or the Colonies of New 
England. 

It is happy for us that we have now a fair Opportunity 
Offer'd of ridding the Province of its dangerous Neighbours, 
with all the Mischiefs that threaten'd it from their remaining 
so near: dislodging the French from their Forts upon the 
Isthmus & S 1 John's River, and driving them out of Nova 
Scotia would immediately cutt off their Communication 
between Louisbourg & Canada across the Peninsula and Bay 
of Funda, and break a principal link in the chain of Forts 
with which they have surrounded the English Colonies ; it 
would be wounding the Serpent in the head, disconcerting 
their Scheme in its most essential part. 

By this Means we might, Gentlemen, if the Eastern 



360 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Colonies could unite in improving the remainder of the Year 
in proper Operations, establish such a line of English Forts 
from the Isthmus to Crown Point as would be an effectual 
Bridle upon the French Settlements on the River Canada, 
and put it into our Power to make a sudden descent into 
Quebeck and Montreal at one and the same time: 1 need 
not Observe to you how good an Effect this must likewise 
have upon the Circumstances of the Western Colonies by the 
powerfull Diversion it would make of the French Forces 
upon the Ohio for the defence of their two capital Cities in 
the very Heart of Canada; and how happy an Influence it 
must have in our favour upon all the Indians on the 
Continent. 

It is upon these Considerations, Gentlemen, that I have 
determin'd to endeavour to raise two thousand Men in this 
& the other Colonies of New England to be join'd with so 
many of his Majesty's Troops in Nova Scotia as Colonel 
Lawrence can spare for the Service, without exposing the 
English Settlements within his Goverment, in an Attempt to 
drive the French out of that Province : This Body of Forces 
will be rais'd under my Commission as their Colonel, with 
Major General Winslow for their next Commanding Officer ; 
they will receive the King's Bounty Money, pay uniform 
Cloathing (the most proper that can be got here) and 
Arms, & have every thing provided for them which is 
necessary for their comfortable Subsistence, and the preserva- 
tion of their Healths during the time of their Engagement in 
the Service which will expire at the End of the Year for 
which term they will be enlisted, tho' I hope the Service may 
be effected in a few Months, in w ch Case they or most of 
them will have their Dismission sooner, & provision made for 
conveying them back to their Habitations. 

You must be sensible, Gentlemen, how much the Success 
of this Expedition will depend upon it's being kept secret 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 361 

from the French ; It is for this Reason that I have delay'd 
beginning to enlist the Men untill six Weeks before it is 
propos'd they should imbark for the Bay of Funda, w ch I 
hope may be a sufficient time for compleating the levies & all 
preparations for their Imbarcation, In the mean time such 
preparations have been making as were consistent w th the 
privacy requisite in the Case & I have upon this Occasion 
borrow'd from L l Gov r De lancey a Train of Artillery, the 
same I did from Gov r Clinton upon the Expedition against 
Louisbourg: Col 1 Lawrence & myself have both of us solic- 
ited for a Naval Force from Engl d to Assist in the Service, 
& to protect these parts against any French Ships of War 
w ch may be sent to Act offensively against them : We have 
also wrote to Commodore Keppell upon this Occasion ; and 
no Precaution that it is in my Power to take for the Support 
of this Expedition upon any Emergency shall be wanting. 

Colonel Lawrence, Gentlemen, proposes that the Gov 1 of 
Nova Scotia should bear the Expence of this Enterprize : I 
am sensible of the Charges this Province hath been at upon 
the late Expedition on the Kennebeck, & shall not press you 
to contribute more towards it, than what yourselves shall 
Judge necessary for you to do for the Honour of the Prov- 
ince w ch is deeply interested in the Success of it, & as a 
Mark of your Encouraging it in w ch I hope you will all 
heartily join. 

It is prudent that as little should transpire of this Design 
as is possible, for w ch Reason I doubt not but you will take 
the same Measures for binding your several Members to 
Secrecy, as was done in the Expedition against Louisbourg. 

Whatever Intelligence I have received during this recess 
worthy of your Notice, I shall lay before you together w th 
the Business necessary to be dispatch'd this Session tomor- 
row morning or in the beginning of the next Week : and will 
not detain you longer than to acquaint you Gentlemen of the 



3G2 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

House of Representatives that I have comply'd with your 
Request to me in writing to the R l Hon ble Lords Commis- 
sioners for Trade & plantations, upon the Subject of the 
Excise Act. 

W Shirley 
Council Chamber Feb y 7 th 1755 



Message. 

Gentlemen of the Council & House of Represent 1 " 58 

As I apprehend it absolutely necessary for prosecuting the 
Expedition agreed upon by the Governments of New Eng- 
land, that a standing Comm ee for laying in all warlike Stores 
& other matters requisite to be done in the Recess of the 
Court, should be immediately appointed, as was in the Case 
of the Expedition against Cape Breton. 

I desire that you would proceed as soon as may be to 
chuse such Committee. 

W Shirley 



Letter, Tho 8 Fletcher to Gov. Shirley Feb. 13, 1755. 

May it please Your Excelency I have Received advice from 
the Chefs of the Penobscot Tribe and tho* proper to inform 
Your Excelency They told me that in the Spring there would 
be a great number of Canada Indians at their Village; I 
asked them what they thot their buisness was they said they 
Could not tell but they thot to do mischeif ; I asked them 
what Place they would be most likely to do mischeif at they 
said Georges for that the french for years past had done all 
they could to break the Peace that now Subsists between 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 863 

Your Excelency And us a few days ago the trench sent us A 
hatchet urged us to take it and strike the English We told 
them we should not whilst the Kings were at peace and they 
were angrey and threatened us they also said their Jesuit is 
gone to Passamaquda and S l Johns to Stir up them tribes of 
Indians to war they also told me to be carfull And tell the 
people not to go out to there buisness as useuall after the 
rivers are broke up ; they also told me the french had lately 
wrote them that there are Six men of war Going against S l 
Johns In the Spring ; two from England ; two from Boston ; 
& two from Halifax, — I told them I knew nothing of it ; 
they said if such A thing should be they should look upon it 
as going Against them for that they had given the french 
leave to live there. It being all the Inteligence that I could 
get at present; I beg leave to Subscribe my self Your Excel- 
ency 8 most obedient Humble Servent 

Tho 8 Fletcher 
S* Georges fort Feb r y e 13 th 1755. 



Letter, Grov. Shirley to James Johnson 

Boston 15 Feb y 1755 
M r Johnson 

There have some Things happen'd in our publick Affairs 
since your going from Boston with my Lett 18 to the Gov r of 
Canada of y e Motions of the French of Canada for further 
Invading his Majestys Territories on the Frontiers of New 
York & New Hampshire as make it unsafe for you ( as well 
as for the Publick ) to proceed at present on your Journey to 
Quebeck; And therefore I expect that you do forthwith 
upon Receiving this Letter return back & lay aside any 
Thoughts of going forward on this Journey till you have my 
Leave or the Leave of Governor Wentworth to whom I shall 



364 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

write & inform him of what I have undertook to do in this 
Matter ; In which His Majestys Service is so much concernd 
Your Friend & Servant 

W Shirley 
James Johnson 



Letter, Oapt. W m Lithgow to Gov. Shirley, Feb. 20, 1755. 

S r may it please Your Excellency. 

I have Rec d your Excellencys Letters of Jan r y e 18 th 1755 
and have observed y e Contents of them, which gives me Grate 
Satisfaction to find your Excellency has ben pleased In So 
Generous a manner to Comply with my proposals Respecting 
the Boates and y e Transportation of y e Supplyes from Arou- 
sick to Fort Western, which Supplyes I understant is soon 
to be Landed there, also I would Informe your Excellency 
nothing Gives me more pleashure then that your Excellency 
is pleased to approve of any of my Conduct ( being Sensible 
of my owne Incapassiety for y e trust your Excellency is 
pleased to Repose In me ) which I Can't but owne is not 
extraordinary. 

but this your Excellency may asure your Selfe so far as I 
am Capaible, will Do y e Best to answar your Excellencys 
expecttations In every particular, Relating to my present 
Station of Life, which has given me no Small Consern, and 
Can asure your Excellency I have not had one Days Rest In 
body or mind Since I left your Excellency last Fall, which 
may seem extraordinary to any elce, but your Excellency 
who Dos not Considder y e truble we had with y e Hay In y e 
Fall which was Landed at Richmond Fort from whence we 
ware obliged to Carry it In gundelows to Fort Western and 
Sundery Times Drove a Shore in our passige there by Ice and 
had like to have Loast Boath Hay & gundelows, which gave 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 365 

us Considderable Toyle, and all on account of y e Hays not 
being sent Timeoniously, as also the other various Circum- 
stances of y e Situation of Fort Hallifax. 

but I am grately incouriged from your excellencys grate 
Wisdum & goodness, that our present Dificultyes will be In 
a Shorte Time (in Som meashure) abated, here I Can Informe 
your Excellency that I have Rec d y e Supply Sent Last by 
Cap* Sanders which ware Landed at arousick 20 miles below 
Richmond Fort on ocasion of y e Ice, from whence we gunde- 
lowed them to y e Chops of merry meeting Bay, and after 
haveing Lodged y e above Supplys there the men being much 
fetigued in that piece of Service, ocasioned me to aply to 
Cap 1 Hunter of Topsham and Cap 1 Duning of Brunswick two 
Independent Captains, for ther assistence to helpe me in 
Transpoarting y e above Supply es as also to assist in Carrying 
y e provisions from Fort Western to Fort Hallifax, which 
garrison was almost Destitude of provisions & Cloathing, my 
applycation to y e above Captains, was before we had y e 
account of your Excellencys Resolve for Reinforcement of 
the Garrison of Fort Hallifax with 40 Men, which ware to 
be Drawen out of y e Several Independent Companys, and 
Consiquentely I had no Right (but as needsessiety obliged 
me) to Requier their help as above, but notwithstanding, 
thay very Redely Came and brought with them 19 men out 
of their Sevaral Companys, which Continived 21 Days In 
the Province Service, and at y e expiration of those Days thay 
ware Discharged In which Time by their assistinc, with y e 
help of two Horses which I Impress 11 we Carried to Fort Hal- 
lifax all those Suplyes which ware left at y e Chops of mery 
meeting Bay, and after I had Distributed y e above shoas 
stocking Blankets Beds &c which ware exceedingly wanted 
there I then Could muster about 40 affective men at y e above 
Fort, which I Imploy d by Turns with those of Cap 1 Duning 
& Hunters men, and have Lodged Intierly all y e Suplys In 



366 DOCTJMENTABY HISTORY 

Fort Hallifax that belonged there, So that we have now about 
2 months and half of provision for that Fort, our next 
Reliefe I would Informe your Excellency will Intierly 
Depend on the Boats I proposed, if those be not Sent before 
y e above provision is expended, the Fort may be Lost for 
want of Supplys which we Cant purchis no other ways with- 
out vast expence to y e province, and grate Hazed of mens 
Lives, on this Depends y e presarwation of Fort Hallifax, and 
as y e enemy will have grate advantage on account of y e Difi- 
culty of y e River, which Seems to Invite them as it ware, to 
oppose our going up & Down s d River which I make no 
Doubt is their Designe, and as we may expect a powerfull 
party of Indians Joyned by the French to oppose y e Trans- 
poaxting of our Stores, therfor I think those Stores must be 
guarded by a Strong party of our Side, In order to give y e 
Enemy a Smart Repulce if thay should attact us in this 
maner, and I expect no other then thay will, this affair will 
Requier y e utmost Caution and Disspatch, to prevent y d 
Enemys being more numerous, which a long Succion of such 
Service might produce, if y e men and Boats be ordered to 
Fort Western In Due Season which ought not by no means 
to exceed the middle of Aprill at farthest, the gitting up y e 
Stores will be Soon Compleeted (that being the best Season 
for this Service) and y e province soon eased of this extrordi- 
nery expence, I would not perscribe to your Excellency what 
number of men might be Suficent to asscort those Stores in 
their Transportation, but Say we expect a party of French & 
Indians to attact us this Spring, and by the advice of y e 
Indians, to y e French, thay Cant be Ignerent but this must 
be y e most proabable way by which thay Can make y e most 
Considderable Impression on us, therefor I would here Rec- 
ommend this thing to your Excellency In a perticular maner, 
lest it should miscarry, and be followed by y e loss of y e Fort, 
as also a grate many Lives Secrificed to y e Inhumainaty of y e 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 367 

Indians, — now in answar to y p proposals boath of your 
Excellency, and y e Honorable Court viz* to fortify Hallifas 
agains the Battery of Small Canon, In Such parts as may be 
exposed most to y e aproach of y e Enemy &c — 

and here with grate Submission (to all my Superiours In 
Judgment, as well as on other accounts) offer your Excellency 
my Centiments on y e present Fort under Considderation — 

In y e lirst place Fort Hallifax is so placed under a Hill 
which Rises neer a 100 feet higher then y e ground whare it 
Stands which will Render s rt Fort very Costely to fortifie it 
agreable to your Excellencys Instructions, and I must Con- 
fess I know of no other way to Comply with y e above 
Instructions, then either to eract a Wall which must be 
Canon proof, and no less then 16 foot High, and this Wall 
must be no less then 200 feet Long to Incumpass halfe the 
fort which is Exposed to y e Hill, or to Cover those Barricks 
alredy built, as well as those to be arected for y e officers, and 
Recption of Stores, by another Timber Wall at a proper Dis- 
tence and filld betwen with Clay, and this must be Dun on 
all parts of those Buildings expos' 1 to y e Hill which will be 
about one halfe of those buildings that must be thus Secured, 
to answar any end against Canon, now if y e Height of y e Hill 
be considdred, I think it will be alow d the Wall must be y e 
height I have propos d and y° Houses to be fortified up to y e 
Wall plates, or eves, which eves are about Eight feet high, — 
and as to there being a proper place for another Ridoubt on 
y e Hill which your Excellency desiers to be Informed of, I 
have Survaied y e ground, and find there is, now Considdering 
y e additional Buildings which Can be no less then 2 Houses 
at Least of 44 feet Long, for y e officers & Reception of Stores 
&c and 3 Small Block Houses to be erected in y e halfe moons 
or places of arms for the Defence of y e piquit Work, as also 
for y e Centreys to Stand guard in, and all these to be fortified 
as above, the expence of which with y e additional Cost of 



368 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

another Redoubt on y e Hill, will be Considerable, and after it 
is Dun in this manner which is the Best meathod I Can think 
of, it will be an Irregular ill formed assemblige of Buildings, 
as ever was huddled togather, to be Called a Fort, and will 
be hard to Defend all those Buildings on account of their 
Irragulariety, and the large Surcomference of y e pequite 
Worke, now as this Fort has no other Defence by Canon, 
then a Right Defence, which is next to no Defence, In forti- 
fication I would with Submission aske your Excellency 
whither I might not entirely allter y e present forme of Fort 
Hallifax, and make a Regular Fortress of it, with either 2 or 
4 Flanks agreable to Coll Mascorreens Draft which will be 
Cheper In y e end to y e province then to finish it as tis begun, 
and for this Reason, because y e vast number of pequites that 
now Incompasses the present buildings will forever want 
Reparing wharas if it was made a Compact Fort of about 100 
foot Square with but only 2 flancks would then affoard 5 
Times y e Room it now Contains, and would be five Times 
esier of being Defended then what it will be if it is finished 
as 'tis- begun, now if this Should be agreable to your Excel- 
lency, to have it Built in y e manner I have proposed, y e 
Blocks of y e present Buildings will be all Servisable that 
thare will be no Considerable waist in them now as I know 
not what objections may be offred against this proposal of 
mine, and Canot well answar them befor thay are offred with- 
out being very tedious, by wrighting but I am fully per- 
swaided had I an opertunity I Could fully Satisfie either 
your Excellency, or y e Honerable Court or any others, that I 
am Right in my proposal of Building it in this maner, and 
that y e Cost will be but a trifle more in this way, then to 
finish it as begun, but was this affair entirely at my opsion, I 
would pay no Regard to y e Buildings Called Fort Hallifax, 
but would at all adventure erect such a Fort as I have pro- 
posed on y e eminence which would Save y e Cost of another 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 369 

Redoubt, and might be made with a very little Cost proof 
against any Canon, or any attempts y e French ever would 
make to Distroy it, was it placed here y e 2 flancks next y e 
plane onely need to be mad Canon proof for in them would 
be Room anought to Contain all y e Souldiery which would 
be Requisite to Defend y e Fort, thus I have given your 
Excellency my very best opinion how the Fort ought to be 
Dun, in three ways either to finish it In y e forme it is begun, 
or to alter the present Situation and make a Regular Fort of 
it where it now Stands or Build it on the Hill. 

I think I am no ways Rash in my Judgment. I have 
thouroughly waighed all I have offred, and I Belive no body 
has thought more on those affairs then I have Dun, not but 
if thay had, might have advised better then I Can pretend 
to, and as for your Excellency or y e Court to Supose this 
Fort Can be Compleeted In two monthes Time it is Impossi- 
ble, ware it to be attempted by a Regiment of men & y e Best 
officer In y p province to head them, unless all y e meterials 
ware on y e Spot - which will Requier to Compleet this Work 
450 Tuns of Timber for y e Walls, Boards & planck &c - 40 
or 50 Thousend Shingles and 40 Thousent Brick besides 
Stone, I Could have had all this Timber on y e Spot by y e 
latter end of march, had I had oxen to have hailed it, but as 
thare was no possibility for us to git y e Hay up y e River, I 
was therefor obliged to order matters accordingly, and if I 
had Imploy' 1 Workmen to have Hewen all y e above Timber 
it must have Remained In y e Woods, So that this Could have 
ben of no Service to y e thing, for I am sure ever I Can Secure 
Hay & oxen y e Timber Can be Hewn as fast as it Can be 
haled, and y e same guard will Do to Cover boath y e Carpen- 
ters and Teems, at y e same Time, which will be best on all 
accounts, now as there is but a very few Brick that is not 
alredy put to use, they Cant be Burnt or made, till the 
Wather be Seasonable for Such Busniss, and as we have no 

24 



370 DOCXJMENTAEY HISTORY 

Stones but what must be fetched aCross y e River which Cant 
be Dun also till y e Wether is Warm, and y e River fallen. — 

had y e 40 Recruites Came at y e Time y e Court prescribed, 
our provisoions would have ben expended before we Could 
have possibely got more, for which Reason I Discharged 
Cap 1 Hunter & Duning with their men, who ware willing to 
have then furnished me each of them, with their Coto of 
men, agreable to your Excellencys Instructions, and Cap* 
Hunter was to have tarried with them, During your excel- 
lencys pleasure as their officer, and as He is a Compleet Car- 
pinter, and perfitely well Skilled In Logg Work, I then 
agreed with Cap* Hunter that He Should bring With him, 
out of Cap 1 Dunings, & His Companye, booath their Cotoas 
men, of Such as war Skilled boath with y e Broad & narrow 
Axes, In order to procure Timber for y e Works, but I tould 
Him not to Com, till I had Informed Him I had got Som 
Hay up to Fort Hallifax, which we Should have then hailed 
had y e Wather permited, Since thay war Disscharged I have 
ben able only to Secure 2 Loads, on account of y e Rivers 
braeking up, now I have apointed Cap 1 Hunter to be with 
me y e 18 th of feb r and I expect Him Accordingly thare has 
an afair hapned betwen Coll° Cushing of Falmouth, and y e 
Independent Captains, which Captains looks on't to be a very 
grate hardship (after haveing ben at a Considerable Lose of 
Time and other expences, to Rais their Companys, and Con- 
tinuely hold them In Rediness, to march upon any Imer- 
giency) for the above Coll to order them to Impress their 
owen men thay have thus held In Rediness, and turne them 
over to another officer of Coll° Cushings appointing, which 
thay think is not Consistent with any Instructions thay have 
ever yet Rec d from your Excellency, and more especialy as 
thay Do not belong to Coll Cushings Regiment, unless it is 
your Excellencys pleasure first to Recall or make voide those 
Independent Commissions, or to put them under y e Command 



OF THE STATE OF MADSTE 371 

of s d Coll In which Case thay will be Redy to follow his 
Direction as thay have allways ben Redy to follow your 
Excellencys, there for thay think it a hardship to be Diss- 
graced In not haveing the privilige of goaing som or other 
of them, with their own men, which was y e grate Inducement 
that Inclined their men, to Inlist under them, which they 
Humbely pray your Excellency to take this matter Into your 
Wise Considderation, and alow them Still y e advantige of 
marching with their owen men, which thay say thay will Do 
Cheerfully when ever it is nessecery, or your Excellency 
Gives Command. — 

I must Say this In favour of Cap* Hunter & Cap* Duning 
in y e Time we ware gitting up y e Stores, thay Boath of them 
exerted them Selves, to y e utmost of their power, by Incour- 
ieging their men, and hailing themselves with their men 
Constentely up & Down y e River, which was excessive hard 
Service, and more proper for Horces then men, which I 
belive nobody will Denye for men to hall lodned Sleds 40 or 
50 miles which is that Disstence from merry meeting Bay to 
Fort Hallifax, I mentioned this affair to your Excellency 
Respecting y e above Collonel, by y e Requist of Hunter & 
Duning, and I would Intreet your Excellency In behalfe of 
Cap* Hunter, that He may be Continued to have y e Com- 
mand of those men He brings with him Dureing His stay at 
Fort Hallifax, which I think will answar a good end. — 

what I have Said Respecting Fort Hallifax, as to y e man- 
ner in which I think it ought to be finished, or Rather 
Intirely new Built which will Requier the above Meteiriels 
to finish it with, and as those Cant be got to y e Spot till well 
towards y e Summer or in that Season for y e Reasons afore- 
mentioned, the whole of gitting those articles, with that of 
Transporting our Stores &c will be attended with y e utmost 
Hazid of mens Lives, if Due provision be not timeoniously 
made, for if ye enimie once Surprize any of our guard (as 



372 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

thay must be Scatterad in various places at y e Same Time, In 
order to Carry on y e Work to purpos ) In Such Case it will 
be very Dificualt for me or any other, to preswaide either y e 
Workmen, or force y e Souldiers into y e Woods any more, till 
we are Reinforced by a Strong party, which will still Retard 
y e Work, Disspirite our people, and grately Incourige y e 
enimie, now we have y e Same work to Cary on this Spring 
and part of y e Sumer, as y e army was Ingaged in last Sumer 
with this Diffrence, here is now twist as much Work to be 
Dun to Compleet y e Fort, as what was Dun to it last Sumer, 
and I thinke y e Times this Spring may Justely be allowed to 
be twist as Daingerious from y e enemie as thay ware last 
Sumer. — 

thus I have endevared to give your excellency a true Rep- 
resentation of this affair to y e best of my skill, and Shall 
Depend on your Excellency for all proper assistince, all which 
I Humbely Submit to your Excellence's most Wise Consid- 
deration — 

now in answar to your Excellencys Letter of Jan r y e 31 as 
to y e Joynery and Carpinter Work Insid of y e Buildings and 
flours Cabins Windo Shutters for Close quarters, and y e Like, 
I have Constently this winter Imploy d 3 Carpinters, In y e 
Woods, and In Stormes when thay Could not go a Broad to 
Work, have Imploy d them In Doaing those sundery Jobbs as 
your Excellency prescribed In s d Letter all that I Can Say I 
Dun y e best In my power Considdering all y e Dificualtys I 
labour under as above, and as for y e Enemys, being at grate 
pains to hall their Canon up y e Hill, and thereby be lyable to 
y e Battery of y e Canon of our Redoubt &c, thay will have no 
occasion to hall their Canon up s d Hill, as thay may Com any 
other way to y e Top of y e Hill without assending that Steep 
Side next y e River, and as your Excellency has Injoyned me 
to Stay as much as possible at Fort Hallifax, for Sundery 
Reasons Specefied In your Excellencys Letter, now I was 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 373 

thinking if 'twas your Excellencys pleasure to place an active 
man In Cap 1 Lanes Room, that was Capable of Directing In 
Case of an attact, I Could manig all y e Carying on of y e 
Buldings by y e help of y e Carpinters, but as Cap 1 Lane has 
for this Winter past, ben Constently Confined Either to His 
Bed or Room has not ben able to Act in any bnsniss Relate- 
ing to y e affairs of s d Fort, and I think His Infirmites are so 
grate that He never will be Capable of Doaing Service here 
or any where elce, unless it would please Gode to Renew him 
In all His faculties. His Son who Is one of our Livtenants 
has been Confined To His Room ever since y e General Left 
this place, who seems to be very Causious of ventering 
abroad, lest He should thereby Impair His Health, He eates 
His allowence and looks Harty and well, for one to heer 
Cap* Lane talke if thay Did not See Him by his Bould flights 
and positive assersions, would take Him for a Collonel of 
Draggoons, then He is y e most extreordinery man I have met 
with, for His grate Condisension Complacence and good 
mannars, which He endeavours much to affect, but I must 
look on those pretences of His, to Serve as a Clooke to Cover 
Somthing that is low and unmanly, which might be Instenced 
ware it not too tedious in short Cap 4 Lane and His 3 Sons 
two of which I belive Dos not exceed y e years of thirteen 
has not been of any Service sence I have been Conserned at 
y e above Fort then four siphores, So that I think I stand In 
need of som good officers In their Room ( m r Rogers one of 
our Leivtenants is Lately Ded ) In which Case I Could y e 
better be spared from y e garrison, and as my family is In y e 
utmost Distress on account of y e enemy which would very 
much Incline me to Tarry heer, till such Time as y e Fort was 
prepared for y e Reception of y e Same, and as all my affects is 
at Richmond Fort and also being Chargible with 8 or 9 
thousend pounds worth of good_ belonging to y e Truck 
Trade which will be absolutely nessecery for me to Return 



374 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

erly In the Spring otherwise there may be Considderable loss 
on them boath to y e province and my selfe, if thay are not 
soon Returned, which absollutely Demand my presence at 
Richmond, but these things your Excellency will be a perfite 
Judge of, and shall humbely pray your Excellencys Deter- 
mination as to finishing y e Fort &c, as Speedy as possible, 
lest we should Do Work that might not turn to so good 
advantage. I Beg leave to Concluid my selfe your Excel- 
lencys most Dutifull obedient Serv 1 

William Lithgow 
Richmond feb r 20 th 1755 



Letter, Capt. W m Lithgow to Grov. Shirley. Feb. 21, 1755. 

May it please your Excellency / 

this moment Cap 1 Hunter arived here and with Him brought 
14 men, out of his & Cap 1 Dunings Company es, agreable to 
what I have said In my other Letter. 

one thing I forgott to Informe your Excellency of which 
is I have be obliged Constently to alow those men that hailed 
y e fire Wood Stores to Fort Hallifax a Certin quantity of 
Rum other wise it would not have ben In my power to have 
Dun what is Dun that Service being excessive Hard for my 
part I thought it very nessecary to Incourige them thus, and 
for their farther Incourigement I was obliged also to informe 
them thay undoubtedly would be Considered by y e province, 
and well paid for such extreordinery Service. In my opin- 
ion what Service has been dun here this Winter, is no ways 
Inferiour to that was Dun last Sumer, Considdering y e miss- 
erable Sircumstances of y e Souldiery and y e fewness of y e 
number that was Capaible of indureing, which I Humbely 
Recommend to your Excellencys Consideration In behalfe of 
those men, from Nicholes Hunter & Duning, three Tndepen- 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 375 

dent Captains I have Rec (t 23 men of y e 40 Recruited ordred 
by your Excellency, and as I apprehend of Dainger at pres- 
ent not to be extreordinery till such Time y e Rivers Brackes 
up the Dammige may be no grate at present, but as soon as 
y e Rivers are open then we may expect a visit from our 
enemy, I belive your Excellency will think ( In y e multitude 
of Busniss ) this way of my Writeing very tedious which I 
hope your Excellency will forgive being well Sensible I Can 
preforme no better. I would humbely Intreet a Speedy 
answer. 

Respecting what I have said Conserning the Fort &c 
which your Excellency will Imedietly know what answar to 
send, If I have been but Inteligeble, best by not knowing 
your Excellencys Resolve to my preposals as to y e Fort we 
might Do Som Worke that might not turne to so good 
Account, with grate Submission I beg Leave to Subscribe 
my selfe your Excellencys 

most Dutiefull Humble Serv 1 

Will" 1 Lithgow 
Richmond feb r y e 21 d 1755 

I supose y e Honable Court woud alow but four Botes firs_ 
to See if thay might Do, but this will Retard y e Transportta- 
tion of y e Stores twist long as if we had 8, the Reason I 
asked for 8 was because I think y e Dainger in that Service 
will be very grate therfor I was for y e utmost Dispatch. 



The Committe_ to whom was Refer'd the petition within 
mentioned having fully Considered the Same with the papers 
Accompaing it Are of Opinion that the prayer of the petition 
be So far Granted that the petitioner in his Capacity afores d 
be Impower'd to bring forward a writt of Reivew at the next 
Superiour Court to be holden for the County of York in an 



376 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

action wherein the S d Joseph Plaisted Dec d was the Original 
Defen dt Against the Exec 18 of the Testament of Sam 1 Wal- 
ton Dec d and all further proceedings On the former Judg- 
ment in the mean time be Stay'd 

g Order John Greenleaf 

In Council Feb ry 21, 1755. Read and Ordered that the 
above Report be Accepted & that the Pet r in his Capacity 
aforesaid be and hereby is impowered to bring forward his 
writ of Review at the next Superiour Court of Judicature to 
be holden at York within and for the County of York of the 
action mentioned in the Petition against the Executors of 
the Testament of Sam 11 Walton dec d and the Justices of the 
said Court be and hereby are impowered and directed to hear 
and Try the same enter up Judgement and award Execution 
thereon and the Execut" and all other Proceedings on the 
former Judgement are staid in the mean Time provided the 
Pet r give Sufficient Caution to the Sheriff of the County of 
York to Respond what may be finally adjudged due w th 
interest from this day until Paid. 
Sent down for Concurrence 

Tho 8 Clarke Dep ty Secry 

In the House of Rep Feb ry 21, 1755. Read & Concurred 
Consented to W. Shirley 



Letter, James Howard to Gov. Shirley. 

Fort Western March 5 th 1755 
May it plese you_ Excellency, I am very Loath to trouble 
you at this time Knowing you are in acroud of Business at 
this Junctor, but Beges your patiance to hear me a little, 
the provence Guns we have hear are not to be Depended on, 
therefore I pray you:l order Som better, it is Very probable 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 377 

we shall have som of our franch and Indian Enemies to Visit 
us this Sprin_ and our Number of men is Small the Ground 
about our fort is Very advantagous for our Enemies, now as 
our Enemies are Knowing to this and Expects a great Quan- 
tity of Stores here now Whither these may not be motives to 
Excite them to make heir first and most Resalute atteck 
here and By that means think they may Get Cannon to anoy 
the other Forts, I Desire not to be teadious or troublesom to 
Your Excellency But Leaves it to your wise Consideration 
Whither we Do'nt Stand In need of more men and more and 
better Guns Seeing I Expect to have orders to send a detch- 
ment of my men upon Several occasions perticularly to 
Guard up the Sloops with the Stores, and this detchment 
must be the Best of the men, and our Enemies Who 
Can Ly within one hundred and fifty yard of our Fort In 
one of the Gulies and we Cannot anoy them from our forts, 
and they Seeing us go out so Whither it may not Indenger 
the forts being Taken — 

We have no Coulars for this Fort. 

I Conclu d With Wishing His majesties arms Success and 
Victory, Both by sea and Land and you health and prosper- 
ety I Beg Leave to Subscribe myself your Excellency s most 
Dutifull most obedient and Humbl Servent 

James Howard 



Letter, Gov. Shirley to Capt. W m Lithgow 

Boston March 8, 1755 
Sir 

I have rec d your sev 1 Letters of the 20 th & 21 st of Febry 
and am well satisfy'd with the account of your proceedings 
Great Diligence, and Good Conduct : The most important 
Affair of Strengthning the Works at Fort Hallifax so as to 



378 DOCUMENT AJRY HISTORY 

make them Proof against a Battery by Cannon ( as you have 
observed ) cann't be performed at this Season & therefore I 
shall have Time to consider & advise upon it that it may be 
done in the best Manner, & therein I shall have Regard to 
your Sentiments in this Matter as you have largely express'd 
them in your Letters ; In the Interim, let no Time be lost 
for finishing the Inside Work So that the Quarters for the 
Soldiers may be made warm & comfortable ; Upon w ch their 
Health & Serviceableness does much depend ; And also you 
must take Care that the particular appartments for your own 
Family be well fitted that so you may not be always under 
the Difficulties you complain of by reason of the Distance of 
your Family from you : And to remove the Inconvenience 
arising from the Care you have of the Safety of the Province 
Goods provided for the Indian Trade, the Commissary Gen- 
eral will take them out of your Hands & so discharge you of 
that Care & Burthen so that Fort Hallifax may be the more 
the sole Object of your Attention ; & that when the Season 
of Danger arrives you may have Nothing to divert you from 
Imploying your self to the utmost in the Defence of that 
Place : for my Dependence is much on your personal 
Presence there. 

The four flat bottomed Boats first ordered are now almost 
ready, two of them are building at Brunswick & the other 
two will be sent by Cpt. Saunders on his next Voyage which 
will be very soon : And the Commissary is order'd to provide 
two more as soon as possible ; And to have all of them armed 
with four Swivel Guns each. 

Whatever Assistance you shall find wanting from time to 
time you must require it from the Commanders of the Inde- 
pendent Companies : Cpt. Dunning, & Cpt. Hunters Services 
are very acceptable to me, & shall endeavour that they be 
properly considered & y 1 those officers & their men be duly 
satisfied for their Pains & Time spent therein. I have con- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 379 

sidered the Uneasiness you express ab* officers & Men belong- 
ing to the independent Companies in relation to Coll. Cush- 
ing's Conduct especially in putting them under the Command 
of other Officers than their own : And I shall write to Coll. 
Gushing on this Point, that so this Grievance may be 
redress'd : I have well weighed what you have mentioned 
concerning Cpt. Lane & have determined to make some 
other Provision for him, & have directed him to leave the 
Fort & come to Boston as soon as possible And have thought 
proper to appoint a second Capt n under you & now inclose 
you a blank Commission to be filled up by you with Cpt. 
Dunning or Cpt. Hunters Name or of some other Person in 
whom you may have most Confidence of his supplying your 
Absence with the best Abilities for the Duties of his Post 
As to all other Matters in your several Letters which don't 
require an immediate answer, I shall further consider of 
them, & determine what Orders to give you thereupon, and 

am 

Your most assur'd friend and Servant 

Cap 1 W ra Lithgow 



Letter, Gov. Shirley to Col. Ezekiel Gushing. 

Boston March 8, 1755 
Sir 

I have received an Account that the Officers & Centinels 
belonging to the Independent Companies on the Eastern 
Parts are dissatisfied that when they hold them selves in 
Readiness for every Call for the Defence of his Majesty's 
Forts &c. in Cases of immediate Danger that they should by 
your Orders be impress'd for the usual Service of the Fron- 
tiers & put under the Command of other Officers than their 
own. 



380 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Therefore, tho I do not intend they shall be wholly taken 
off from your Command, but that upon any extraordinary 
Emergency you should still draw them out for Service with 
the rest, yet in other Cases you must look upon them as 
Reserves for immediate Service according to my Orders to 
the several Captains ) as occasion shall require. And when 
the Exigency of the Case may demand your putting them 
upon any Service necessary for the general Defence of the 
Frontiers let them be put under their own Officers ; 

I thank you for the care you took of my money and orders 
for L 1 Malcolm and am 

Sir, Y r most Assur'd Friend and Servant 
Coll. Ezekiel Cushing 



Letter, Capt. W m Lithgow to Gov. Shirley, March 22, 1755 

May it please your Excellency/ 

I Rec d yours of March y e 8 th have observ d y e Contents and 
must acknowlige your Excellencys grate goodness to me 
therein, y e Inside of y e present Buildings of Fort Hallifax Is 
Dun so far as to accomadate y e Souldiery In their Lodgings 
have made planck Sutters for all y e Windows & Doors &c — 
which was all I thought Requisite till I had your Excellencys 
Determination In what manner y e Fort shall be finished, In 
Regard of macking it proof against Canon &c — as to my 
owne apartmen_ I Can Do nothing at present In finishing it 
for y e Reason it is not Builte which I acquainted your Excel- 
lency of In my Last Letters, and as your Excellency has ben 
plesed to enjoyne my personel presents at Fort Hallifax so 
Closly, Shall be obliged to Remove my Family there at Con- 
siderable Dissadvantige there being no place Suitable for the 
Recption of them, nor Can it be, till your Excellency Is 
pleas d first to Determin In what manner y e Fort Shall be 



OF THE STATE OF MATKE 381 

Dun, for as it stands now for its Sittuation and Deffencible- 
ness, I must say In my Humble opinion, it is one of y e most 
Extreordinery Fortresses for ordinereyness, I have Ever herd 
of or Seen, In y e Compass of my Small Knolige or acquaint- 
ance, but I am Sensible it has got a name of being Somthing 
of a fortress, which Can be of no advantag to me, and have 
Sincerly from my Hart wished it had answred its Charracter, 
for my part I never Determin to amuse your Excellency with 
falce pretences or flattery, by macking Light of this or that 
or y e other thing and turn it off as it war with a wins awa, 
In order thereby to gain applaws either from your Excellency 
or y e Hoiible Court, no I allways Determin truely to Repre- 
sent all publick things within my province to your Ex< ;el- 
lencys wise Consideration, and if any Disspuite thereon arise 
am very willing to Stand y e Sensure of my Cap* general or 
any other that has a Right to Call my Conduct In question, 
1 think this was y e Case last Sumer or Somthing like it, your 
Excellency I belive has ben Informed there was a good Fort 
and a fine Rode Cut from Fort Western to Hallifax which 
neither of them I think Can in no ways answar such a ( liar- 
recter. — I am useing y e utmost of my Endeavours In pro- 
viding Timber for y e Building and Strenghtning y e Sundery 
parts of s d Fort. — 

I should be glad to know who y e Sundery Captains of y e 
Independent Companys are, and how far thay are obliged to 
assist me in Time of need, if these things be not Duely Stated 
by your Excellency, and y e Sundry Comm drs of those Com- 
pany- have not perticular Directions from your Excellency 
to follow my Direction so far as their Service may Consern 
Fort Hallifax it will answar no end, for thay may be for 
Determining y e Number of men I shall apply for and therby 
frusterate my Designes, which thay Cant be so good a Judge 
of. I am glad and thankfull to your Excellency for y e pro- 
vision made Cap 1 Lane & Family, for I think He is an object 



382 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

of Chariety and hope He may Deserve it. His Circum- 
stances was such I Could nott In pitty to Him, take y e Com- 
missary ship from Him, but have allowed it Him although I 
think He Deserves it not from me, if it be true He wrote 
your Excellency Som Time Last winter In Som Such words 
as these, we are all In good spiriets and we have Dun So and 
So, and we are Determined to loos our blood In y e Defence 
of this Fort in Case of an atact from y e French &c before we 
yeald. Such Swelling languig as this from a man In His 
Circumstances seems very unacountable had it ben Delivered 
by any but Him Selfe, for god knows He has ben y e most of 
this Winter Confined to His Barick, and also one half of y e 
garrison by y e Scurvey and other ails, has not ben able to go 
a Broad upon any Duty for y e Winter past, which Can be 
menifestly proved — which is a flat Contridiction to what 
He wrote your Excellency, but I may be missinformed but 
your Excellency Is best Judge wheither He wrote thus or 
not. I have wrote y e Commissary gen rl for a Supply of all 
Sorts of nessecarys for Fort Hallifax to Last s d Fort nine 
months, and if He thinks proper to Send Such a Quantity, 
at one ( as I think is best ) I Determin as ever y e Botes 
arives with y e provisions to Transpoart forth with to Fort 
Hallifax, so that we shall not be Constentely obliged to go 
up and down this River — which would give y e Enemy a grate 
advantage of us, In this affair will lye our grate Dainger, and 
this Service will Requier a prity Strong guarde what to man 
y e Boats and to go by Land to prevent a Surprize, for this Is 
y e way I apprehend y e Enemy will attempt our Distreuction, 
In y e first place, by Cutting off our men that guard y e Stores 
and then attact y e Fort, I shall Do y e best I Can to frustirate 
y e Enemy in their Designs, I have now on y e Eminence 200 
Tuns of Hewen Timber have ordred it Cut In such a manner 
as will Suite y e Building of y e Fort In any way your Excel- 
lency is plesed to order it, I am Determined to erect another 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 383 

Redoubt on y e eminence Canon proofe that will be Capable 
of Containing a Suffiency of men to Defend it against a Con- 
sidderable army that may be furnished with grate artilery, I 
have thought this Can be of no Dissadvantige for if your 
Excellency Determins to have y e Fort built on y e Hill I Can 
but Joyne y e Fort to y e Redoubt which will make a good 
flanke whare it now Stands, there must be a Redoubt a 
Rected that will Command y e Hill, other wise it will be in 
y e power of an Enemy to Surprise it at their pleasure when 
ever thay may think proper to make their aproach with 
Canon. 

I have also a 100 Tuns of Board Loggs & boalts for Shin- 
gles y e most of which I have gotten hailed by Hand, 1 want 
y e assistence of oxen & Hay prodidiously had I that, Should 
have no ocasion to go Into y e Woods for Timber after y' 
Snow was off y e ground, I shall want Hay very much for y' 
oxen, and would pray y e Commissary to Send 10 'Funs, 
which must be Deliver' 1 at Fort Western other wise it will 
be Spoilt by Landing it at Sundery places wharby it will be 
Runied by Rains, I add no farther then pray god give your 
Excellency pationes and Continue you In Wisdum, to Direct 
In all y e affairs you are Ingaged In for your Hon 1 " and y e 
good of y e people whom you govern, &c — 

I Remain your Excellency- faithfull Serv* 

William Lithgow 
Fort Hallifax March 22 d 1755 



Message. 

Gentlemen of the House of Represent™ 8 

This accompanies a Memorial of Major Enoch Freeman 
Commander of the Fort at Falmouth, setting forth the 
Repairs necessary to be made at the said Fort, and Stores 



384 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Wanting there, and praying that the Fort may be repaired, 
& the stores supplied at the publick Charge, & the rather 
because of the Expence of Stores at the time of my Interview 
with the Eastern Indians. 

This Request seems reasonable to me, and therefore I must 
recommend it to your Consideration. 

W Shirley 

Council Chamber March 27, 1755 



Message. March 28, 1755. 

Gentlemen of the Council and House of Representatives 

You desired in your Vote pass'd at the close of the last 
Session that upon my being informed that the Governments 
of Connecticut Rhode Island and New Hampshire consented 
to the proposed Expedition to Crown Point I would forth- 
with issue my Proclamation for raising the Provinces Quota 
of the four thousand men exclusive of the Eight hundred 
men proposed to be raised by New York &c. 

The advices I have received from New York give me no 
encouragment to hope that any men will be raised by that 
Government but we have all imaginable reason to expect that 
they will bear their part of the burthen of the Expedition by 
furnishing mony or providing Warlike and other Stores for 
the service of it. 1 shall therefore give Orders for raising so 
many men over and above the twelve hundred first proposed 
as shall be thought the proportion of this Province to the 
deficiency occasioned by the Failure of New York. I sup- 
pose it to be about three hundred men but if you are inclined 
to be more exact in ascertaining the number and will signify 
it to me I shall be ready to comply with your desire. 

The Loyalty and Zeal for his Majestys Service which you 
have shewn upon this and other Occasions affords me the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 385 

greatest satisfaction. I am sensible that you must find a 
great deal of difficulty in defraying the charges that must 
attend your measures but yet I cannot help recommending to 
you to go one step further as the most likely way to render 
those you have taken before more effectual, I mean to give 
some encouragement for an Attack upon your avowed and 
barbarous Enemies the Indians of the S* Francois Tribe who 
have treated you with such perfidy and cruelty that I think 
you ought to revenge it as far as is in your power, and the 
surprize which this attack must give to the French will 
undoubtedly draw off a part of their force from their other 
Frontier Settlements. The manner and degree of this 
encouragement I leave to your consideration. 

W Shirley 
March 28, 1755. 



Letter to Col. Ezekiel Cuslung. 

Cambridge April 2, 1755 
Sir 

Cpt. Lithgow Commander of his Majestys Fort Hallifax 
having represented to the Governor, before his Departure, 
the Necessity of having a very strong Guard to secure the 
Provisions Ammunition & other Stores to be sent to that 
Fort, at this Season especially the Hazzard being greater than 
at other times ; & it being probable that the s d Stores will 
soon arrive ( if not already arrived ) in Kennebeck River. 

have therefore thought fit with the Advice of his Majestys 
Council ( Copy whereof you have herewith inclosed ) to direct 
you forthwith to consult with Cpt. Lithgow what Part of the 
Independ 1 Companies in your Regiment will be sufficient or 
if the Whole be necessary ; or if the whole be not sufficient, 
what Number is needful to be added And to give out your 

25 



386 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Orders accordingly that so there may be such a Guard to 
attend the Conveyance of these Stores that the Enemy may 
have no Advantage over us at this Conjuncture. 

I now send you a Warr* for Impressing Men for this Ser- 
vice, W ch you are to use if necessary, & not otherwise. The 
Commissary Gen 1 is ordered to send Provisions & Ammuni- 
tion for the Guard 

Your assured Friend & Serv 1 

W Shirley 

Col. Ezekiel Cushing 

Letter, Alex r Nikels to G-ov. Shirley April 9, 1755. 

May it please your Excelencie 

In Complyance with your Excelencies instrucktons to me 
by Coll: Cushan which I recived by mr: John Malcom the 
last Day of Janwary and persuant thereunto I listed seven 
men upon the first day of febriwary and as soon as the wather 
would permit I proceed with my seven men to richmont and 
from there traveled along the river to fort Weston and from 
there to fort halyfax and returned with my seven men and 
got horn the fift day of this month April for there was no 
apearance of any danger from the Enemie that we Could 
percive — 

Capt : Lithgo tells me that your Excelencies instructions 
to him is to requir asistance when need shall be of us 
the independent Companys and as it is likly his demand will 
be about the tim of our sowing and planting of our fields on 
aCount that about that tim of the year that river will be of 
aproper Hight for tranceporting of the suplys from fort 
Weston to fort Halyfax I pray your Excelencie to take this 
into your wise Consideration and as we are apoor people And 
our liveing depends on our planting and sowing in the proper 
season and should we be frostrated of it at the proper season 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 387 

we Could not posiblely subsist unless it should be your 
Excelencies pleasur to put as many of us under Constant pay 
as would be soficent to man them boats and any people might 
do for a gaurd to gard us whill we were about it for if our 
people be not under som such obligation it is not posible to 
retain them from Costing or fishing or going else where and 
then when I am Called with my men they are many of them 
out of the way but if I have them under Comand that I Can 
keep them so as to have them all ready when your Excelen- 
cie may please to Call us upon any Imergencie that may 
hapen these being what ofers at present from your Humble 
ser* at Comand 

Alex r Nikels 
Newcastle April the 9 th 1755 

[ Superscribed ] 
To His Excelencie William Shirley Esq r 
Cap 1 Generall and our Comander in Chief 



Letter, Capt. W m Lithgoiv to Gov r Shirley April 19, 17or>. 

May it please Your Excellency, 

I think I have gotten Timber suficient to Build a Redoubt 
34 feet Square 2 Storey High Canon proof which Will 
Comm d y e Eminence aginst a Considerable army, that might 
be furnished with Canon — 

I have Determined to make y e Wall of s rl Redoubt 5 feet 
Thick of Square Timber Locked togather with oack Tyes at 
proper Distences this will be less Cost then a Duble Wall 
filled with Erth which would Soon Rott y e Timber, I have 
also gotten Timber suficent to Builde a Small Square Fort of 
about 80 or 90 feet Square with y e help of those Small Block 
Houses general Winslow erected, I propose to Joyn this Fort 



388 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

to y e Larg block House that now Contains y e Canon, which 
block House will answer for one of y e Flanckers, this with 
one Flancker more att opsite angles, with y e help of 2 Watch 
Boxes at y e other 2 opsite angles will aforde a very good Sid 
Defence, a Draft of which I have Inclos'd your Excellency, 
the Incorrectness thereof I hope will be excused as I had no 
Scale but that of a Carpinters Square, y e above Redoubt with 
this Fort Is vastely y e Chepest way I Can think of to finish 
those Works for a grate many Reasons that might be offored, 
Shall only give your Excellency one, the picquites that now 
encompasses those Buildings, are upwards of 800 feet In 
Length, a grate many of which will soon fall, being not in 
som places Sett Scercely In y e ground thay are Considerably 
Racked alredy, and I feer thay will fall this Spring, now the 
Reparing of those piquites once added to that of Building 
Houses for y e officers and stores, will Cost more then y e Fort 
I have proposed which Fort will stand a 100 years if kept 
Shingled or Clapboarded, and will be vastly more Defencible 
as it will be Small, for Certinly 320 foot which Is y e Compass 
of y e Fort I propose, Is easeyer of being Defended then that 
of 800 foot as it now Stands pequited, which will forever 
want Repareing and no way Defencible, this small Fort will 
upon ocasion Lodge 200 men Comfortebly as also y e Stores, 
I Did not think it metieral to Lay Down y e Sundry appart- 
ments of y e Barricks In y e Inside, as also y e placeing of 
Chimneys and gate way &c — 

my Reason for placeing this Fort below Contrary to my 
opinion is In order to Save those Buildings alredy erected 
which would be Lost ware it placed on y e Eminence. I 
shall truble your Excellency no farther Respecting this Fort 
at present, but Say I have given my best opinion and am 
fully perswaided those meathods I have here proposed will 
be far Chepest and answar y e End of y e government better 
then any other way thay can finish it In, I would Beg your 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 389 

Excellencys aprobation on this affair, and am now obliged 
for want of Instructions, and Least y e Carpinters Should be 
idle to Set them uppon y e above Redoubt, and Should also 
Sett them upon y e Lower Fort had I your Excellencys opin- 
ion our Number now at this Fort Dos not Exceed 74 men 
Including officers out of which I Cant muster upwards of 
40 effective men, and as it will be highly nessary to hold 
possion of y e New Redoubt as ever y e Wall Is Raised 4 feet 
High which will Require no less then 20 y e best of our men 
to assist and guard y e Workmen, and as Brick must be made, 
Stone provided all which I think will Require a Reinforce- 
ment of good men besides those Employ' 1 Transporting y e 
Stores, for which Service I have agreable to your Excellencys 
Direction, apply" 1 to y e Indipendend Comm' lr8 - also to Coll° 
Cushing for a 150 good men that is Capable of marching 
from Western to P'ort Hallifax as also manigen of Boats that 
Carry y e provisions I have apointed y e first of May old stile 
for those guards to be at Fort Western by which Time y e 
people will have finished y e most of their planting &c — 

if those guards Should fail me at that Time it will be out 
of our power afterwards to Transpoart y e provisions on 
account y e River will be then fallen that y e Botes will not 
have water to float them, the 2 Botes Com from Boston will 
no ways answer y e end, being vastely too bigg, So that I 
have non to Depend on but 2 built at Brunswick, I wanted 
8 Botes 30 feet Long 2 feet Deep 6 feet wide flatt Botoms, 
now out of this Number Shall have but two, must be obliged 
to press Canoes, thought thare was gentlemen anought In 
Boston who ware perfetly well aquainted with this River, 
who Could have Dirrected y e Building of proper Botes for 
this purpose, had I not thought so, should have shaped a 
piece of Wood in y e forme of one of those Botes, and Sent it 
for a pattron, all which I Humbly leve to your Excellencys 
Wise Considderation and pray a Speedy answar Respecting 



390 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

y e Fort, with all Submission Beg leave to Subscribe my Selfe 
your Excell oy Dutifull Serv 1 

William Lithgow 
Fort Hallifax April 19 th 1755 

If your Excellency thinks proper to Retain a Number of 
men at Richmond Fort I should think it a grate favour to be 
alow d y e apointing y e officer that Comm ds those men on 
account my Stock and Improvements must be left thare 

Will" 1 Lithgow 



Letter, Mattheys Ramley to Gov. Shirley April 2fy, 1755 

Sir/ 

I beg leave to return Your Excellency my Humble Thanks 
for Your Kindness in providing this Settlement with Amu- 
nition. 

I am Sorry to be Obliged to Trouble Your Excellency in 
Praying Your Assistance for fire Locks, there being ab 1 150 
able men in this Settlement, and 75 of them being without 
Arms, and not Capable to purchase the same, should there be 
any rupture, it would be a Damage to this part, for so many 
People to be ruined, or Obliged to break up for the want of 
Arms to Defend them selves. 

likewise think the Amunition rec d not sufficient for so 
many People. 

I likewise Pray Your Excellencys order for putting some 
Men in pay, in order to protect the Garrisons at present and 
I shall in Duty bound remain 

Your Excellencys most Submiss full Servant 

Mattheys Ramley 
Broad Bay Aprill 24 th 1755 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 391 

Letter, T. Fletcher to Gov. Shirley, May 9 th 1755. 

May It please Your Excellency 

The Cheifs of The penobscot Tribe on the Six Instant 
Gave me an Account that a Bodey of the Noridgwalk and 
Assagntoocook Indeans are Going AGainst The people On 
Kennebeck River Where Apon I Eraadetley Dispatched An 
Express to the Commanding officer at Said place, On the 
Eight Instant Came and Told that the S l Johns Indians Are 
Coming aGainst this place with In a Short Time — 

I Would Beg Leave If Your Excellency Thinks proper To 
Go Out and Trey to Meet with Them As These Indians 
have promessed me Thay will Tell when Thay are Cuming 
and What way This the penobscots Desired me to Write 
Your Excellency we Declare that we will Not have Aney 
hand In Sheading English Blood and Desire To Know what 
You will do Consarning us — 

I Beg Leave to Subscribe my Self Your Excellency- Most 
Obedient humble Sarvant 

T. Fletcher 
S* Georges May 9 th 1755 



Letter, Capt. W m Lithgow to Gov. Shirley, May 11, 1755. 

May it Please your Excellency/ 

the accounts we have from S l Georges, Respecting y e Xor- 
rigewack, Arssegunticoocks, & S* Johns Indians, Coming 
against y e people of Kennebeck, and y e ajacent Frountiers, 
has Alarum'd the Inhabitence of those places (whare I 
Expected to be furnished with men to Guard & assist with 
Transporting the province Stores to Fort Hallifax) to such a 
Degree, that I feer I Shall be Dissapointed of a Sufficient 
Number for the above Service, I have apply'd to Coll Cush- 



392 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ing for 200 men on this ocasion, which number I think is 
full Scanty, Inasmuch as we may Reasonably Expect to have 
to Deel with the whole, or the major part of y e above Tribes 
of Indians, as thay are very Sensible of the grate advantage 
thay will have on us In our Transporting the above Stores 
which will be an affair of Some Contineuence and Grate 
fetigue. — it is my opinion that Som of y e penobscots will be 
active with those other Indians let their pretentions be what 
it will, 'tis their grate Intriest to Keep up a Shew of Friend- 
ship att S 4 georges, thereby the better not only to Supply 
them Selves with nessaceryes, but all those Indians who will 
be active against us — 

I have gotten Timber Sufncent to Finish Fort Hallifax 
according to a plan I sent your Excellency about y e latter 
end of inarch which Draft I would Humbely Refar your 
Excellency to, and pray a Speedy answar, to s d plan, wheither 
your Excellency aproves thereof or not, I am sure this way 
will be of less Expence to y e province, then to finish it y e 
way it now standes, as I have Signified In y e Letter which 
Inclos'd s d plan to which I would also with Submission Refer 
your Excellency. 

I have Dismised 15 or 16 Invaleds from Hallifax have had 
none In Returne, Save one man, our Number there is about 
70 men, a grate many of which is but Indiffrent, and Several 
Sick, we have medisons but know not y e use therof haveing 
no Directions for y e applyecation thereof, or Docter, to Dress 
a wound In Case of an Ingagement. 

for want of your Excellencys Instructions, and from what 
your Excellency mentioned Conserning a Redoubt being 
Built that would Comm d y e Eminence, and least y e Work- 
men Should be Idle not haveing y e above Directions in Time 
have begun a Redoubt In a Suiteable place 34 feet Square 4 
feet & 9 Inches the Walls thickness, 2 Storey High Hip 
Roofe Watch Box on y e Top, to be Surrounde- at proper 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 393 

Distance with open piquites, this will be Canon proof the 
first Storey is Raised the Wall Square — Timber, tyed with 
oack Dufftails, this Redoubt will Command y e Eminence, as 
also the falls and all y e Cleer Land to the wastward of y e 
falls — 

it is Erected on y e Hiest Known Estward of y e Cutt Path 
that assends the Eminence. In this Building it will be very 
nessacery two pieces of Good Canon Carrying 14 or 18 pound 
Shot Each, be placed therein, those Canon Should be well 
fortified and Long as y e Wall is thick, we Can make the 
Carriges here which we Can Suite to y e Height of y e 
Embrasures — 

1 would Humbely pray your Excellencys Wise Considera- 
tion on y e above perticulers with an answer to your Excel- 
lencys, most Dutifull Humble Serv 1 

William Lithgow 

Richmond may 11 th 1755 

P S Coll Gushing has given orders for y e Impressment of 
100 men, Som of which is this Day arived but I Cannot 
proseed to y e transporting y e Stores till y e whole Num- 
ber be Compleet, feering an ambuscade, as I am per- 
swaided y e Enemy Designs Such a thing. 

W. Lithgow 



Letter, Capt. W m Lithgow to Gov. Shirley, May 13, 1755. 

May it Please your Excellency 

on Monday y e 11 th Instant the Indians has taken or killed 
two men belonging to Fankfort, one Named John Tufts, the 
other Abner Macon ; the Indians was Seen by a Boy Belong- 
ing to y e above Tufts go Into His masters House, and heard 
his master Crye for quarter, y e Boy being at Som Distance 



394 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

from y e House mad His ascape to this Fort and gave y e above 
account, upon which I Sent out a party of men to make Dis- 
covery, and as thay got to y e above s d House, it was all in 
Flaims, thay Tracked a Considerible Number of y e Enemy, 
but Saw non — 

I have apply fl to all y e Indipendent Captains for their 
assistence to Transport y e province Stores to Hallifax, who 
tells y e messingers I Sent that Thay Could not possibley git 
any of their men to Com with Them for that Service, So 
that I expect to have none of their assistince — 

Coll Gushing has given orders for y e Impressment of one 
Hundred men by my applycation to Him for y e above Ser- 
vice, fifty of which is arived at this place, but are poorly 
fixed with armes, I have Demanded of s d Collonel two Hun- 
dred men, as y e Indipendend Companyes will not apeer, but 
know not if He will Send them: which Number of 200 
(Exclusive of the Souldiery at Fort Hallifax which Is about 
70 men & officers) I humbley Conseve to be full Scantey as 
y e Enemy well knows y e path we must Infalibely use the 
whole Time of our Transporting s d Stores, which will be a 
Work of Time, to Carry up s d River, 9 or 12 months Provi- 
sions to Fort Hallifax, for my part I must Confess I think it 
would not be prudent to undertacke such a Haszous piece of 
Service under y e above Number of 200 men, and I think 
noboday will Denye by Saying y e above Named is too many, 
if thay Do but first throughely weigh all y e hazous Circum- 
stances that will attend y e above Service. — it is as if we 
Should Draw out 200 men and Expose them to the view of 
y e Enemy, and Say to them Can you out of all y e Tribes of 
Nerrigewack, arsseguntecoocks, S* Johns, and penobscott 
Bring a Sufficent Number to uppose us in our present Expe- 
dition, if you Can now is your Time, this I apprehend to be 
a true Representation of this matter, and am perswaided y e 
Indians Knowes it as well as we Do, and if Thay Come to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 395 

attact us in this present Busniss, tbay will be all active 
against us, y e penobscotts not Excepted, let their pretence be 
what it will. In ye year fifty 80 of y e arssegunticoock or Can- 
ada Indians, Captivated Sundry as also Kill' 1 som of y e peo- 
ple of this River as well as Cattle and Burnt Houses, which 
then y e penobscots & Nerigewacks Denied haveing any Hand 
In that Mischeif, till afterwards y e Nerigewacks acknoliged 
to me, thay ware almost all active then, as also y e penobscots 
Confessed to Cap 1 Bradbury, that Ten of their Tribe Joyned 
y e above Canada Indians In that affair, it will be the same 
Case now but with this Diffrence thay will be more unanni- 
mous, I appointed y e 10 th Instent for y e two Hundred men 
to be at Fort Western which I Delayed a fortnight longer to 
give y e Inhabitence opportuniety to finish Sowing & planting 
their Fields, as thay and I had Consulted, y e Time now Is 
elapsed that thay Should be here, and as I am aprehencive 
thay will Suerly Dissapoint me, I thought it my Dutey to 
acquaint your Excellency herewith, and if Somthing be not 
Imedietly Dun Fort Hallifax will be out of Provisions by y e 
latter end of this month. — 

all which I Humbley Submitt to Your Excellencys Con- 
sidderation, and Humbely pray thare may be Somthing Sped- 
ly Dan that may be affectual to Remidate y e above Dificulty, 
which Your Excellency will be the only Judge of. — 

I have packed up y e province goods which will be Sent by 
y e Return of Cap 1 Sanders, and am Determined to abandon 
Richmond Fort as ever y e Forces arives, unless your Excel- 
lency gives Contrary Directions, if it Should be y e govern- 
ments pleasure as it is warr, to post a few men at this Fort 
I would pray to have y e Direction of such Number, as my 
Improvements here base Cost me a grate Deel, and as I must 
leave my Cattle here also for want of pasturige at Fort Hal- 
lifax, or Hay to subsist them on, which is y e Reason I would 
Desier y e Direction of y e above Number, — 



390 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

I beg Leave to Subscribe my Selfe your Excellencys most 
Dutifull Serv 1 

Will m Lithgow 
Turn over 
P : S I have Sent Several Letters to your Excellency, 
Respecting How Fort Hallifax Shall be finished to which 
Letters and plan Inclose In one of those Letters how I 
thought best, and most for the advantage of y e province to 
finish s d Fort, I would Humbley Refair your Excellency to 
s d Letters and plan, and pray an answar thereto. 

W Lithgow 
Richmond Fort may 13 th 1755 



Letter, E. Freeman, for Gol. Ezkl Gushing, to Gov. Shirley 

Falmouth May 15 Ul 1755 
Sir 

Cap* Lithgow writes me that on y e 11 th Instant, the Indians 
burnt a House on Kenebeck River & carry'd away or kill'd 
two men, a more particular Acco 1 whereof, I presume he has 
wrote Your Excell y , And he Acquaints me, that the Inde- 
pendent Companies, refuse to appear and Assist in Guarding 
the Province Stores up to Fort Hallifax ; Whose Captains 
had Orders from me (pursuant to Orders I had receiv'd from 
his Honour the Lieut 1 Govern 1 ) to march their whole Com- 
panies upon that Business ; but Cap 1 Lithgow giving me to 
understand that 150 men at least wou'd be necessary; & 
there was so little Dependence on the Independent Com- 
panies (whose principal View seems to be, that they might 
be Skreen'd from all military Duty) I order'd a hundred men 
to be rais'd out of this small Expos'd Regiment, and Sent 
'em to Cap 1 Lithgow, Expecting y e Remaining fifty wou'd 
appear from Some of Independ 1 Companies but they not fur- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 397 

nishing a man, Cap 1 Lithgow now requests that there may be 
200 men with all possible Speed, for he cannot act with 
Safety, without that Number but I am not able to Send him 
any more from hence almost all our men able to perform that 
Service, being gone to Sea fishing &c. — 

I am Your Excell y, s most Dutiful & Obed 1 hum Serv 1 

Enoch Freeman 
in Behalf of Coll Ezekiel dishing 
His Excels W m Shirley Esq 



Letter, Gov. Shirley to Col. Ezkl Cashing 

Boston May 19, 1755 
Sir 

I have rec cl Letters from Cpt. Lithgow giving me an 
Account of the State of the Garrison at Fort Hallifax that their 
Provision is near expended, & that there can be no Safety 
of Conveying the Provisions now lying at Fort Western 
with any Guard [less] than of Two hundred Men, that there 
is but One hundred as yet provided & that the Season of 
Conveying the Provisions will very soon be over: You must 
therefore at all adventures with Dispatch make up your Men 
Two Hundred & take Care that the said Guard be immedi- 
ately employed in the said Service, & that the}' be not dis- 
charged without my Express Order ; For I shall give Orders 
for the raising One Hundred Men more out of Sir W m Pep- 
perils Regiment to be added to the said Two hundred but 
they cannot be soon enough on the Place for that particular 
Service of Guarding the Stores Therefore I must depend 
upon your being thorough in this Business, the Consequence 
of a Miscarriage herein will be very fatal, And to ease you 
in this Affair I shall give you a Warr* to impress some of 



398 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

these Men out of the independent Companys which must be 
done with as much Equality as may be. 

I am Sir Your Friend & Servant 

W Shirley 
Col Ezek 1 Gushing 



Gov. Shirley to C'apt. W m Liihgow 

Boston May 20, 1755 
S r 

Your Letters of the 19 April and the 13 th instant I have 
received and in answer thereto It is my direction that you 
go on with the Redoubt without Loss of Time as to your 
Proposals for the Alteration of Halifax it is an Affair that 
requires some Consideration And I shall send my Orders to 
you as soon as I am able to advise with the General Assem- 
bly in that particular. 

I have directed Col Cushing at all Events to make up the 
Number of Men you have requested to Two hundred and 
have likewise given Orders to the Commanding Officer of 
the Western Regiment in the County of York forthwith to 
impress One hundred Men these Forces are to be sent to the 
River Kennebeck and there to be employed according to your 
Directions for the Safe Conveying the Publick Stores to Fort 
Halifax and such other Duty as I shall hereafter direct. 



Copy of Letter Henry Little to C. C. Leissner June 4, 1755. 

Copy. 
Yours received this Instant Cap 1 Nickels not being at home 
for he is been gone this 12 Days to Richmond for to help 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 399 

with their Stores I'll send you as full an Account as I can 
for I was One of 12 Men that went out to the Place where 
the Men was at work, there was Sixe Men and three Boyes 
went out to another place about a Mile and a halfe from the 
Town Garrison with 8 Yoack of Oxen, they toock two Men 
and two Boyes One Ould Man Named John Cuningham and 
William Ross with two of his Sons, this Ross is Lame and 
was taken with One of the said Boyes before to Cannada the 
other Boye hid in the Bushes till we went to the Pace, they 
fired at one of our men that had a Gun but did not hurt him 
neighter did they hurt any of the Oxen, they empted out 
about a Bushel of Pease out of a Bagg and caried of the 
Baggs and some Pease, You must Note that this Boy was 
one of the three Boyes that assisted with the fore Men. You 
may Depend that we will send You an Ace 1 from time to 
time as we can &c 

dated New Castle 2 th June 175.") 

signed Henry Little 



Letter, C. C. Leissner to Gov. Shirley, June 4, 1755. 

Sir 

I beg leave to Communicate Your Excellency inClosed a 
Copy of a Letter, which I received Yesterday by an Express 
from New Castle, Your Excellency will See by that, the mis- 
chief which has allready been done, so little distance from 
this Settlement; Your Excellency will likewise hear the 
Ace 1 which some Indians lately brought in to S' Georges 
Ford, before Cap* Sander_ was out of that river ; and as we 
expect every moment that the Enemy will fall on us, & 
being, (as in a former Letter mentioned) with out fire Arms, 
the inhabitants have prevailed on me, to Pray Your Excel- 
lencys Assistance therein, as they otherwise would be all 



400 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Killed, or destroyed : I have in a former letter given Your 
Excellency an Ace*, what a Great Number of People being 
Settled in this Bay, which are all resolved to do so ; but at 
present it being impossible, to Keep them from going about, 
as their Necessaty Obliged them to do so, therefore Humbly 
Pray Your Excellency, to consider our Unhappy Situation, 
and to Order a party of them in pay, that we may have a 
regular Protection. 

I Subscribe my Self in Duty bound 

Your Excellencys most Submissfull Servant 

C. C. Leissner 
Broad Bay 4 th June 1755 

[Superscribed] 

William Shirley Esq r Cap 1 Generall and Governor 

in and over his Majestys Province of the 

Massachusetts Bay in New England 

Boston 



Letter Josiah Beat to Grov. Shirley, June 5, 1755. 

Honored Sir 

I under Stand By mr freaman how teels me I 
must Not Saile oute of falmouth With My Schooner teel 
further orders Sir I no your Excelency has arite to Lay 
Imbargo on all Vesells and had. that Been the Case I should 
Not took this Libarty to Rite your Ex cy made agood acte 
Concaring the Coram 88 with the french which is full aNuf to 
hindar any one of Beinge So Base as to Brack that Good 
Law May It please your Exc ly If thare is aney truth in Man 
Kind I have No more thorts of Goinge to Louiesbouge then 
I have of Beinge made Kinge Nor of Droundeinge My Self 
for I am Detarmened Never to have aney more tradinges 
with them Nither in peace or Wor as for this Schooner" 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 401 

Intirley Belongs to Col 1 Jedidiah Prebele Esq and my Self 
and he and I Concluded Before he went to anopeles rioyal or 
Elswhare that I Should fix hir oute and Sell her If posabele 
or Send hir to the Westandeys and I am Willinge to Belade 
ounder Bonds for all I have in the world that If I go to 
Louisbouge or to have aney Commers with the french to 
Looues It all or Even to Loues my Life I have made 
prepperation with a Sloop I have to fix hir oute as aprivet 
teear as Sune as Worr is Declared and that is all the wayes 
I inteend to Beconcarned with the french as Longe as I Live 
I am Readey to Sarve the Goviement In aney publick afare 
with this Schooner and am willinge to Venter all my Entrest 
to purteeck this Goviment I Should Be glad If your Excly 
would Lay me ounder Bonds Reather then to Stop the 
Schooner for It Will Be a grate Damedge to Coll Prebele 
and my Self Dear Sir Excues my Boaldness In Riteinge in 
this Broacken Marner and you will Give Honor to yor most 
Humbell Sarvant 

Josiah Beal 
falmouth June 5 : 1755 

[ Superscribed ] 
For Excelency William Shirley Esq 
In the House of Rep rs June 9, 1755. 

Read and Ordered That M r Frost, Cap 1 Milliken and 
M r Sparhawk with such as the Hon le Board shall join, be a 
Com tee to take this Letter, and the affair referred to therein 
under consideration and report what they think proper to be 
done thereon. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

T Hubbard Spk r 

In Council June 9 th 1755 Read and Concurrd ; and John 
Greenleaf & John Hill Esq 18 are join'd in the Affair 
Tho s Clarke Dp^ Secry 

26 



402 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Beny a Burton to Tho s Proctor 

S l Georges June 6 th 1755 
D r Brother / 

Yesterday about nine of the Clock we heard about 15 guns 
fired and after that Cap 1 Bradbury fired an Alarm upon 
which three men went up to the fort to hear what was Done 
and there is two Scotchs Lads Killed or taken : but we 
supose Killed: the_ were Brothers: there Sir names is 
Brown — 

there was three more up the River the same time but at 
Sum Distance from them viz m r Larmond Archbald Gamble 
& Son but Got Safe home — those are our good frends the 
Penobscuts so Exstold by our B: E Comander here I hope 
the Goverment will now Doo Sumthing to prevent our Ruin 
by a Savage Enemy. 

I Remain your Loveing Brother till Death 

Benj a Burton 
[Superscribed] 
To Cap* Thomas Proctor in Boston 
neer the Orringe tree 



Letter, Capt. W m Lithgow to Gov. Shirley June 8, 1755 

May it Please Your Excellency / 

with submission, I would acquaint you, that there Is now 
Lodged In Fort Hallifax a Sufficency of all Sorts of provi- 
sions to Subsist y e garrison there posted, till y e middle of 
next February, I should have Convayed y e whole of y e Stores 
theither had y e Rive_ permitted, but being Dissapointed by 
y e Forces not appering at Fort Western according to the 
Time perficed which was y e 10 th of May, and thay not apper- 
ing till y e 22 d of y e same month, by which Time the River 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 403 

was fallen that we Could not go up but 5 Trippes y e last of 
which we Could not Carry our Boates more then halfe 
Lodned, for which Reason, as also Considdering that y e 
Expence of such a guard would be grate to y e province I 
accordingly Dismissed those Forces Judging it no ways for 
y e advantige of y e government to Keep them Longer then we 
Could go up y e River with lodned Boates, the above five 
Trippes was proformed In Ten Days goin up one Day & 
Coming Down y e next, the Wether being Drye Rested nott 
one Day Except y e Sabath, and as your Excellency was 
plesed to give me y e Direction of all those Forces and least 
any Dificulty Should arise for want of my presents I Contin- 
ued with them boath In their goaing up & Down y e River, y e 
first 3 Trips we mad, our Number of men Consisted of 150 
halfe of which was Imploy'd In y e Boates So that I look on't 
we ware but very Weake as y e men In y e Boates Could not 
have ben of a mediet Service, as their armes ware Stowed In 
Such a manner to Keep them Drye So that thay Could not 
be prepaired as those on y e Land had we ben attacted, y e 
Last Two Trips our Number was Incresed to about 200 men 
Including 20 men out of Fort Hallifax & 6 out of Fort Wes- 
teren, as for the 100 men your Excellency ordred from the 
Western Regiment, Commanded by S r William peperel - did 
arive here till we ware obliged to quitt the Service, this Last 
Company Consisted of 80 men Commanded by Cap tn Brag- 
don, and as I understood your Excellency might have far- 
ther Service for this Last Company after y e Stores ware Con- 
vay'd to Fort Hallifax, I Endeavoured to perswaid Cap 1 
Bragdon to proseed to Fort Hallifax to assist In guarding y e 
hailing of Timber thare, which now Lyes in y° Woods and 
Can't be hailed till a Suficent guard be Sent for that Service 
as also for gitting Stones for y e foundations and Cellar of y e 
above Fort but as there was no perticuler Directions from 
your Excellency Respecting this Last Company any farther 



404 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

then assisting with the Publick Stores, and that Sarvice 
being Just finished as thay Came, s d Capt n Bragdon Returned 
with y e Rest of y e Forces and is gon to york from whence 
he Came with out Doaing any other Service. 

I would one more with Submission Intreet your Excel- 
lency that there may as Speedy as possible, be Directions 
Sent wheither or no Fort Hallifax may be Built according to 
y e plane I sent your Excellency, and also as I Could not pre- 
vaile of Cap 1 Bragdon to Tarry to waite your Excellencys 
farther Directions as Signified In your Excellencyes Last 
Letter to me of May y e 20 th that there may be a guard ordred 
for the hailing the Timber, provideing Stone, Burning Brick 
&c — which will be absolutely needfull, and without a proper 
Reinforcement to attend on y e above Service, those things 
Cannot be Dun — , as y e year is now far advanced it will 
Requier y e utmost Dilligence to prepair y e Fort Suitable for 
Defence, & the Reception of y e Souldiery, which had I had 
your Excellencys Instructions two monthes ago I Should 
have had it by this Time pritty well forward — all which I 
would humbely Recommend to your Excellencys Wise Con- 
sideration, for if I was sure Your Excellency with the Hon- 
ourable Court would not order Fort Hallifax to be Built 
Boath Defencible and Comfortable for y e officers and Soul- 
diers that must Remaine there I would pray your Excellency 
that I may be Dismissed Reather then to Live Such a miss- 
erable Life as I have Dun for this Six monthes Past, which 
I believe all will acknolige that is acquainted with the Bus- 
niss that I am now engaged In — 

the Redoubt will be Dun all to Covering and Building the 
Chimney and flouring &c — In about a Weeks Time, this 
must be Surrounded with open palisados at aproper Distence 
to Defend it from y e Enemies fireing of it. — 

I had Determined to move my Family to Fort Hallifax 
but found it Impossible as there was no Room, for we have 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 405 

filled 2 of y e Baricks with Stores and had we Carried all y e 
Stores up Should have filled y e other 2 or neer upon it, that 
y e Souldiers would have been forced to have Lodged out of 
Doores, but it s no Disadvantige my being at Richmond as I 
Conceive at present, as I have been obliged to apply to y e 
Sundry officers for assistence from Time to Time, which I 
Could have not Dun to so good advantage had I been Con- 
stently at Fort Hallifax — 

Shall truble your Excellency no farther then Beg Leave 
to Subscribe my Selfe your Excellencys 

most Dutifull Servant 

William Lithgow 

Richmond June y e 8 th 1755 

P S y e Boates which I gave a pattron by forming a piece 
of wood, to m r mood_ of Brunswick answars y e end 
very well, but y e two Built in Boston may be Recalled 
as being of no advantage here, So that we had but 3 
Botes In Steed of Six that would answar, and had we 
had y e number I prescribed, Should have Convay'd y e 
whole of y e Stores as Soon as what we Did, was obliged 
to gitt Whail Boates at Falmouth and Canooas, we had 
good Success never hurt one of our Boates, or wett one 
mouthfull of y 8 provisions 

W L 

Petition. 

To His Excellency William Shirley Esq r Govern 1- & 
Commander in Chief of his Majestys Province of the 
Massachusetts Bay & the Hon ble his Majestys Council 
& the Hon ble House of Representatives in General 
Court assembled 

The Petition of Caleb Hutchings humbly Sheweth, That 
in the year 1745 He was a Soldier in the Expedition against 



406 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Louisbourg And in the Year 1746 was chosen cne of the 
Constables for the Town of Kittery, & in the Latter part of 
that Year ; the Selectmen sent your Petitioner a List of the 
Vessells said to belong to said Town & directed him to 
collect a Tax upon the Tonnage thereof amounting to the 
Sum of £21-11-6 & to pay the same to the Hon ble William 
Foye Esq Province Treasurer provided that your Petitioner 
should receive a Warrant from the said Treasurer for his so 
doing. 

Now may it please your Excellency & Honours, Your 
Petitioner never received any Warrant from the said Treas- 
urer for this purpose, However being desirous of discharging 
his Duty in the Premises in the best Manner in his Power 
He applied to the Persons to whom the Vessells belonged 
which were contained in said List, & demanded the Sums of 
them according to the Same who refused to account with & 
to pay your Petitioner the whole or any Part thereof alledg- 
ing that they were not obliged to pay the Same by any Act 
of this Government ; for that the Law for granting unto his 
Majesty Six pence g Ton on all Shipping entering into Port 
or Harbour within this Province, plainly exempted all such 
Vessels as did not enter into any Such Port or Ports ; But 
entered only into Ports within some other Government; 
which Latter was the Case with these Vessels & had entered 
only in the Port of New Hampshire, where they had been 
subjected for the Payment of all Customs & Provincial 
Dues -They farther alledged that if Kittery was a Port it 
was given in Commission to the Collector of his Majesty's 
Harbours in New Hampshire & that all Vessells which had 
belonged to said Town for upwards of 100 Years had 
entered & Cleared there accordingly, And that one of the 
Vessels in your Petitioners said Tax List was impressed 
from Kittery by the Governm* of New Hampshire (the Year 
she was taxed) to carry Stores to the Garrison at Louis- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 407 

bourg in the New Hampshire Regiment Viz 1 A schooner of 
75 Tons Nahum Ward Master & that the Snow-Robert 
Oran master ab l 130 Tons was a new Vessell fitted out the 
Latter End of the Year 1745 & was taken in the Year 1746 
by the French & Carried into Martineco, & that the Snow 
John Jones Master about 140 Tons sailed a new Vessell in 
the Year 1746 from Piscataqua & in returning to said Port 
foundered but a few Leagues from said Port & Vessell & 
Cargo were both Entirely lost- Now may it please your 
Excellency & Honours such being the Circumstances & Fate 
of the greater Part of the Vessells in my said Tax List, I 
could not find that I had any Remedy against the Vessells or 
the Owners of the same, But Notwithstanding there has 
lately issued from the present Province Treasurer an Execu- 
tion against your Petitioner for the aforesaid sum of 
£21-11-6 which has been served upon your Petitioner by 
the Sheriff of the County of York & your Petitioner not 
being in Circumstances to pay the same, & apprehending if 
he was, that it does not of Right belong to him pay the 
Same, & being now out of Goal only by the Indulgence of 
the Sheriff till he could make application to your Excellency 
& Honours Humbly begs your Excellency & Honours would 
graciously be pleased to take his distressed Circumstances, 
his Innocence ; into your Consideration & afford him such 
Relief, as in your great Wisdom Goodness & Compassion 
you shall see meet, & as in Duty bound shall ever Pray 

Caleb Hutchings 
In the House of Rep™ June 9. 1755. 

Read, and Whereas it Appears to this Court that the 
Select men of the Town of Kittery mistook the Law in 
levying an assessment upon the Vessels referred to in this 
Petition ; and that the Pet r had no Authority to collect the 
same : Therefore Ordered That the Province Treasurer be, 
and he is hereby directed to withdraw his Execution which 



408 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

he has issued against the Pet r and that he discharge the 
Town of Kittery of the sum of Twenty one Pounds eleven 
shillings and six pence New Tenor which they stand charged 
with in his Books for the aforesaid Assessment. 
Sent up for Concurrence 

T Hubbard Spk r 

In Council June 9. 1755 
Read and Concurred 

Tho 8 Clarke Dep^ Secry 
Consented to 

W Shirley 



Votes. 

In the House of Representatives, June 9, 1755. 

Voted, That his Excellency the Captain-General and 
Governour, be desired immediately to declare War against 
the Arasaguntacook Tribe of Indians ; and all other the 
Tribes of Indians, Eastward and Northward of Piscataqua 
River, the Penobscott Tribe only excepted. 

That his Excellency be desired to inform said Penobscott 
Tribe, that this Government is sincerely desirous to maintain 
Peace and Amity with them, and to take into their pay and 
Subsistence, all such of their Tribe as are ablebodied effective 
Men, capable of bearing Arms, and will act offensively with 
us, against those Tribes of Indians, who in the most auda- 
cious and perfidious Manner, have violated their solemn 
Treaties of Peace with us ; and upon which, by all the 
Treaties now subsisting between us and the Penobscott 
Tribe, they are obliged to take up Arms as aforesaid ; and 
that upon their so doing, this Government will, at their own 
Charge, take Care of, and Support their Invalids, Women 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 409 

and Children, if they will come amongst us, and put them- 
selves under our Protection. 

That for the Defence of the Eastern Frontiers, a marching 
Army be raised by Inlistment, consisting of 300 Men, exclu- 
sive of Officers ; that they be constantly employ'd in Scout- 
ing, and that their Destination be as follows : 

That Fifty Men be employ'd in Scouting from Lebanon to 
Saco-River : Sixty Men from Saco-River, to New-Boston, by 
the Way of Pearson and Hobbs Town, and New-Gloucester : 
Ninety Men from New Boston to Frankfort : One-Hundred 
Men from Frankfort to the Truck-House on St. George's- 
River. 

That the Pay for the Officers and Soldiers, be the same as 
is now Established for the Officers and Soldiers in the 
intended Expedition against Crown Point, and the Subsist- 
ence the same as was allowed to marching Forces during the 
last War : And a Bounty of three Dollars to be given to each 
Soldier that may inlist and find his own Gun. 

That the following Bounty be granted and allowed to be 
paid out of the publick Treasury, over and above the 
Encouragement aforesaid. 

For every Male Indian Prisoner above the Age of Twelve 
Years, that shall be taken and brought to Boston, Fifty 
Pounds. 

For every Male Indian Scalp, brought in as evidence of 
their being killed, Forty Pounds. 

For every Female Indian Prisoner, taken and brought in 
as aforesaid, and for every Male Indian Prisoner under the 
age of Twelve Years taken and brought in as aforesaid, 
Twenty-five Pounds. 

For every Scalp of such Female or Male Indian under 
Twelve Years of Age, brought in as evidence of their being 
killed, as aforesaid, Twenty Pounds. 

That there be but two Commission Officers, viz. a Captain 



410 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and Lieutenant to a Company of not less than forty-five 
Men ; that the Establishment be for five Months, to com- 
mence from the twentieth Day of June Instant and no 
longer; that the Pay and Subsistence of the Soldiers that 
may be inlisted as aforesaid, commence upon the day of their 
Inlistment, and that an Establishment be made accordingly. 

Also Voted, That Fort-Halifax, and the Store-House at 
Cushnoc be Garrison'd with eighty Men, and no more. 

Fort at Brunswick : Five Men and no more. 

Fort Frederick at Pemaquid, with Twenty Men and no 
more. 

The Truck-House at St. Georges's, with Forty-three Men, 
and no more. 

The Truck-House at Saco, with fifteen Men and no more. 

Also Voted, That Richmond-Fort is of no Service for the 
Defence of the Eastern Country, and therefore that the 
Captain-General be desired to dismantle the same, give 
Orders for the Removal of the Province Stores which are 
there. And 

That his Excellency the Captain-General be desired to 
give Orders that all those Men who were impressed to Guard 
the Province Stores up to Fort-Hallifax be dismissed upon 
their having performed that Service. 

And for an Additional Security to the Western Frontiers : 

Voted, That there be Four Men at Fort-Dummer, and no 
more. 

At Fort Massachusetts : Forty Men, and no more. 

At Pontoosuck : Eleven Men, and no more 

For the three Garrisons at Charlemont : Twenty four Men, 
and no more. 

At the three Garrisons at Colerain : Twenty-four Men, 
and no more. 

At the two Garrisons at Fall-Town : Fourteen Men, and 
no more. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 411 

At Northfield and Greenfield : Twenty Men, and no more. 

And that the Pay of the Officers and Soldiers in the 
several Forts and Garrisons, be the same as was provided by 
the last Establishment made for said Forts and Garrisons. 

And that if in the Judgment of the Captain-General, he 
shall hereafter find it necessary that there be a Number of 
Men employed in Scouting between the Rivers of Connecti- 
cut and Merrimack : That he be desired to raise thirty Men 
by Enlistment, and destine them there for that Purpose for 
the Time aforesaid, and that the same Pay, Subsistence 
and Bounty, be allowed them as are allowed to the marching 
Forces proposed to be raised on the Eastern Frontier : and 
that an Establishment be made accordingly. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

T. Hubbard Speaker 

In Council, June 10 1755 Read and concur'd 

Thomas Clarke, Dep. Secry 
Consented to 

W. Shirley 



Message of the House to His Excellency. June 9, 1755. 

May it please Your Excellency 

The House of Representatives having taken under their 
Consideration the Several Independent Companys in the 
County of York, and Apprehending that the design of Your 
Excellency in priviledging those Companys from Other Ser- 
vices was, that they might be ready On any sudden Emer- 
gency to render the Government Service, & thereby prevent 
the Necessity of an Impress on such Occasions. Now May 
it please Your Excellency ; It Appears to this House that 



412 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the said Independent Companys were lately called upon to 
Guard the Stores Sent to Kennebeck River, for Fort Halli- 
fax, and refused to Appear, or engage in that Service, which 
Occasioned a large Number of the Inhabitants of most of the 
Towns in said County to be impressed ; which impress has 
been attended with very great inconvenience to the Inhabit- 
ants in general, & has proved very grievous distressing to 

them : 

And whereas The said Independent Companys by their 

being exempted from any other dutys, have rendered the 
duty of the Other inhabitants more frequent and burthen- 
some 

We beg leave to desire Your Excellency will be pleased 
to order all the said Independent Companys to be disbanded, 
that they may be alike liable with the Other Inhabitants to 
be called upon when the Exigencys of the publick service 
may require it. 

In the House of Representatives June 9, 1755. 
Voted, That M r Sparhawk, Coll Cotton, M r Bradbury M r 
Folger and M r Steele be a Committee to wait upon the Cap 1 
General with the foregoing Address. 

T. Hubbard Spk r 



The Committee to whom was referred the letter from 
Josiah Beal to the Captain General for their consideration of 
the same. Beg leave to Report that they are unanimously 
of the Opinion, that it will not consist with the safety of the 
Government in the present Conjuncture of Affairs to permit 
the said Beal to proceed to Sea in the Vessell He now 
Comands or in any other, A and that therefore the Captain 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 413 

General be desired to take effectual measures to prevent the 
same at all Events 

All w ch is Humbly Submitted 

g John Greenleaf 
A for two Months ) Per order 

next coming J 

In Council; June 10, 1755. Read & Ordered that this 
Report be accepted, with the Amendm 1 Sent down for 
Concurence 

J Willard Secry 

In the House of Representatives June 11, 1755. 

Read and Concurred T Hubbard Spk r 
Consented to W Shirley 



Message. June 12, 1755. 

Gentlemen of the Council & House of Represent™ 9 

This accompanies divers Letters I have received from the 
Eastern Frontiers, all on the Subject of their Danger from 
the Indian Enemy, & the Releif they need. 

I desire you would take them all under Consideration, and 
give me your Advice upon these Affairs, and what you judge 
proper to be done therein, and that you would make what 
Provision is necessary 'for this Court to do, for the Effecting 
of such things as may be requisite for the safety of his Maj- 
esty's Subjects in those exposed Places, if you shall find the 
Provision you have already made will not be sufficient. 

And I would especially recommend to your most deliber- 
ate Attention ; the State of Fort Hallifax in all its Circum- 
stances, as represented to me in Capt" Lithgow's Letter, 
which I now lay before you, & his former Letters upon the 
same Subject, which I communicated to the late Assembly, 
and I suppose now ly upon their Files. 



414 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

These matters are of such Importance, as will not admit of 
any Delay in our Resolutions thereupon. 

W Shirley 
Council Chamber June 12: 1755. 

In the House of Rep s June 12, 1755. 

Read and Ordered That Tho s Foster Esq 1 M r Sparhawk 
and M r Tyng with such as the Hon le Board shall join be a 
Com tee to take his Excellency's Message aforegoing together 
with the several Letters accompanying the same under Con- 
sideration, And report what they think proper for the Court 
to do thereon as soon as may be. 

Sent up for Concurrence T Hubbard Spk r 

In Council June 13, 1755 - Read & Concur'd & John Hill 
& James Minot Esq rs are joined in the Affair. 

Tho 8 Clarke Dp^ Secry 

Message. 

Gentlemen of the Council & House of Representatives 

M r Fletcher Lieutenant of the Garrison at S l Georges 
River has made a Proposal to me to have a Party of about 
thirty Men ; to scout on that Part of the Frontiers near that 
River, and to intercept the Indians in their Coming down 
upon the English there : His Project seems to me very likely, 
if well prosecuted to be attended with Success ; but it being 
something different from the general Plan for the Defence of 
the Eastern Frontiers, & the Prosecution of the Indian 
Enemy. 

I desire that you would examine M r Fletcher, and if you 
can be satisfied of the Expediency of his Proposal, I doubt 
not but you will give him, and the Men that may engage 
with him, in this Design, all necessary Encouragement. 

W Shirley 
Council Chamber 13 June 1755 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 415 

Message 

Gent, of the House of Represent ves 

I observe in the Orders, now given for supplying this Gov- 
ernni* with Fire Arms from Great Britain you provided for 
Five hundred in the whole less than you judged necessary 
in the last Summer Session. 

Indeed you passd a Vote at that time for Making Five 
hundred Arms in this Province, But altho it is now near 
seven Months since that Determination I cannot understand 
that any further Measures have been used to furnish the 
Govern m' with Arms in that Way. And it cannot be 
expected that so many Arms will be manufactured here in 
any good Season for the Occasions of the Governm 1 

Besides it was observed by Major General Win slow that 
the Locks of those Arms borrowed of the Town of Boston 
for the late Expedition on Kennebeck River which were 
made in this Country were the very worst they had among 
those Forces. 

I would not be understood in the least to discourage this 
Manufacture within the Province, but apprehend it may be 
of great publick Benefit if it be carried on under due Regu- 
lations, especially that the Arms may pass thr6 a skilful & 
faithful Survey ; For Nothing can be more cruel to our Sol- 
diers nor more injurious to ourselves to put into their Hands 
such arms as will fail upon any hot Engagement, 

Upon the whole Gentlemen, I hope you will take effectual 
Care to make up your Compliment of good Fire arms as you 
first determined in time to be ready for any sudden Emer- 
gency at this critical Conjuncture, and for that purpose. send 
Orders to M r Agent Bollan to increase the Number he has 
bespoke to 2500 Stands of Arms, and to ship them here by 
the earliest Opportunity 



416 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Order, Gov. Shirley to Col. Ezk 1 Gushing June 12, 1755. 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay 

By His Excellency the Governor To Coll. Ezekiel Crush- 
ing Greeting Forasmuch as it appears to me that in the 
present Circumstances of the Eastern Frontiers It is not for 
the publick Service to Keep up the Independent Companies 
on the said Frontiers 

I do therefore hereby discharge the said Independent Com- 
panies from any special Duty as such & from any Exemption 
from the ordinary Military Service they were before obliged 
to, And I do hereby accordingly direct you and the standing 
Military officers under your Command to exercise the same 
Authority over the several Persons belonging to the said 
Independent Companies as before the time when they were 
first formed ; And do also hereby require them to conform 
themselves thereunto accordingly ; 

And you are hereby directed to notify the Commanding 
officers of the said Companies hereof by sending them attested 
Copies of this Order ; Hereof fail not. 

Given under my Hand & Seal at Boston the 12 th day of 
June 1755 in the 28 th Year of his Maj^ 8 Reign. 

W Shirley 



Letter, Capt. W m Lithgoiv to J. Wheelwright June llf, 1755 

Hon We S r / 

these Serves to Inclose an Invoice of Sundry Furs which 
I hope will Com Safe to Hand, I had no oppertuniety to 
Send them g Sanders, thay have ben packed about a mounth, 
I have y e province Truck goods packed almost Pray you 
order by whome I Shall Send them, as I under Stand Cap* 
Sanders is bound to New York. I Intreet you put His 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 417 

Excellency In mind if In Boston, or y e Court if He is absent, 
that I may have Imediate Directions How to Finish Fort 
Hallifax, wheither it may be Dun according to y e plan I Sent, 
which I am perswaided will be most to y e advantage of y e 
Province, or if I must follow my first orders which I am 
Sure will be to the Dissad vantage of y e Province, His Excel- 
lency has y e plan which He Informed me In His Letter to 
me of may y e 20 th that He would Exhibit the Same to y e 
Court when assemblyed and accordingly give me His Direc- 
tions I have sent three Letters, praying I might have nesscery 
orders Respecting y e above Fort, the Work men now are 
almost Idle for want of Instructions, pray thay may now be 
Scut that Somthing may be Dun to Render y m boath Defence- 
able and Comfortable for y e officers and Souldiers y e ensew- 
ing Winter that so the garrison posted there may not be 
Crouded this Winter as thay ware Last which was y e ocasion 
of y e Death of 4 or 5 of them as also ocasioned grate Sick- 
ness which Rendred y e men almost Incapable of Duty as I 
have Leargely In Sundry letters heretofore expressed, - 

I have laid In a Sufficiency of provisions of all Sorts In 
Fort Hallifax to Subsist 80 or 90 men till y e middle of Feb r 
next, we had extrordinary Success Carry up y e provisions 
going up one Day and Down y e next Carryed up five freights 
In Ten Days, the Wethers being Drye Rested only y e Sabath, 
we never wet one mouthfull of y e provisions or hurt one 
Boate In our going or Comeing, I Continued With y e guards 
Constently my Selfe, thay go as well as a Whale Boate and 
when Lodned Draws 18 Inches Water, will Carry 25 bb s 
pork & Bread had we had the Number of Such Botes as 1 
mentioned to y e government, Should have Convayed up y® 
whole of the provisions at five Trips, we Should have Dun 
it as it was, had y e guards ben Raised according to y e Time 
I preficed, which was y e 10 th of may, but not Coming till y e 
22 d of y e same month by which Time the River was fallen 

27 



418 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

to Such a Degree that y e last of y e Trips we went up, Could 
not Cary y e Botes more then halfe Lodned, and as y e River 
fell 6 Inches In 48 hours Could not go any more unless y e 
men had Constently waided which would have Rendred halfe 
our men Incapable of action In Case y e Enemy had atacted 
us, upon y e whole finding y e Dificultys so grate on account 
y e Rivers falling so fast as above and y e Expence of y e guard 
would be grate to y e province and Could Do but little Ser- 
vice for y e Reasons above mentioned, accordingly I Dissmised 
those guards, the York Company Came Just as we had fin- 
ished, and Returned home without Doaing farther Service, 
I would have had Cap 1 Bragdon Left part of His Company 
to guard y e hailing of Timber Burning Brick fetching Stone 
for the above Fort, which would have answred well as thay 
ware here and not to Return to York without Doaing any 
more then Coming and going the providing of those metirels 
as above is of absolute nessiety and must have a Reinforce- 
ment of 30 or 40 men for this Service and pray your Hon r 
mention these things to y e Court. 

the Canon I will Send up by y e vesels you order to fetch 
y e goods belonging to y e province,- a Reinforcement to guard 
y e Hailing Timber Burning Brick &c, and Direction Respect- 
ing y e Fort, must be Sent otherwayes the Workmen must lye 
Idle, let me Beg you communicate those thing™ to y e govern- 
ment, that I may have Imedietly Directions about those 
affairs. S r with all Due Regards I Beg leave to Subscribe 
my selfe your Hours 

most Humble Servant 

Will"' Lithgow 

P. S I have sent by patterson 31 pieces of gold all In 
papers marked according to y e value the whole amounting to 
four Hundred Sixteen pounds Nine Shillings & a Leven 
pence old Ten r £416: 9: ll a which Sum I pray you examine 
if it be Right as I have Expressed, and then Deliver the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 419 

Same to y e Hon ble M r Speaker Hubbard, that he may Dis- 
charge Sevairal Demands, that is made on my muster Roal, 
which He is Knowing of,- I have also Sent to m r Richard 
Hootton 12 0z 8 dwt 12 qr of gold weighed In bulk and expect 
He will Recive it accordingly, thare is 31 pieces of gold 
also of this end one and a halfe pistereen y e whole amount- 
ing to £491: 16: 6 old Ten r which also pray you See if it be 
Right and then Del r y e Same to m r Hootton. — 
this gold is in a Little Striped Bag by it s Selfe, — 

W: L 



Letter, TJio. EMlpatrick to the Governor $■ Council. 
June U th 1755 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay 

To his Excellency William Shirley Esq r Cap 1 General And 
Governer in Chief in and over his Majesties Province of the 
Massachusetts Bay in New England, together with the Hon- 
orable counsel & house of Representatives. 

May it please your Excellency & honnor 8 to take into 
Consideration our present, Dificult And dangerous circum- 
stances Our woods round our garrisons are crawling with 
lurking Enemies Watching our motion So that we are in con- 
tinual fear and Danger, As is Evident by their late Clandes- 
tine attempts, for after their killing & barberously using & 
Sculping one boy, they at the same time killed or carried 
captive another, and Soon after have killed one man, & car- 
ried another captive of the dutch at broad Bay, And within 
two days after Carried a man & A boy Captive from pleas- 
ant point So that no place is free, by Reason of which we 
fear our Garrisons will Soon be attacked By them, which are 
poorly provided to make any proper Resistance or probable 
defence, being but poorly Man d , ill Provided with arms & 



420 DOCUMENT ABY HISTORY 

a munition, And provisions to defend Our selves, and fami- 
lies, So that without some Speedy Assistance we must fall a 
prey into the hand of our Enemies, or leave the Countrey to 
them — 

This is the truth of our present Circumstances & Situation, 
Which I humbly offer to Your Excellency & honnour", on 
whose Wisdom and Compassion (under god) our dependance 
is - 

And begs leave to subscribe, My Self, Your Excellency*, 
and Honno" Most obedient humble Servant _ 

Blockhouse S l Georges 14 th June 1755 

Tho Killpatrick 



Instructions 

Boston June 19, 1755. 
Sir 

Having Commissioned you to be Captain of a Company of 
fifty Voluntiers to be constantly employed as a Scout from 
Lebanon to Saco River ; 

You must take care to enlist into your Company none but 
able bodied effective Men, & that they be well appointed as 
to Arms & Ammunition, & you must keep in constant Duty 
of Scouting (saving what time may be necessary for natural 
Refreshment) & you must consult & pursue the best Meas- 
ures you can for the surprizing Captivating & Destroying the 
Indian Enemy ; but must kill none in cold Blood or after 
you have made them Captives. 

You are not so strictly obliged to keep the Rout between 
Lebanon & Saco but that upon advices of any particular 
Advantage likely to be had by your going out of those Lines 
some little Distance & Time you have Liberty to improve 
such Advantages as they may occur. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 421 

You must keep as exact a Journal of your Proceedings as 
your Circumstances will admit of And see that your Lieuten 1 
do the same & that Copies thereof be returned into the Sec- 
retarys Office to be laid before me once a Month if you have 
Opportunity to send them. 



Letter, J. Willard, 8ec y to Jacob Fotvles Esq 

Boston June 19, 1755 
Sir 

I am directed by the Governor and Council to desire that 
upon the Arrival at Marblehead of Benjamin Diamond & 
William Reading two Masters of Fishing Vessels, or either of 
them they forthwith attend the Board to give in their Infor- 
mation respecting a French Fleet they saw to the Eastward, 
And that in the mean time you take the Depositions of John 
Vickary & Jonathan Breed two other Masters upon oath 
respecting that Matter & send the same to my office. 
I am Sir Your humble Serv 1 

J Willard 
Jacob Fowles Esq 1 

Copy'd 

Petition. 

Province of the Massachusetts Bay 

To the Honourable Spencer Phipps Esq r Lieutenant Gov- 
ernour of the province aforesaid and Command r in Cheif and 
to the Hon ble his Majestys Councill for said province — 
Humbly prayeth 

Thomas Cushing of Boston in the province aforesaid, That 
Your Honours would be pleased to grant him Your permis- 
sion to send to Halifax in his Majestys province of Nova 
Scotia a Quantity of provissions and live Stock for the Supply 



422 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

of his Majestys Fleet now there, Upon his Complying with 
the Terms by Law Required, And Your petitioner as in duty 
bound shall ever pray &c 

Thomas Cushing 
Boston July 1755 



At a Council holden at the Governors House in Halifax 
on Thursday the 3' 1 July 1755. (to July 22-1755 ) 

Present. 
The Lieutenant Governor 

Benj. Green ~] 

Jn° Collier 

Will™ Cotterell rCounc" 

Jon n Belcher 

J 

The Lieutenant Governor laid before the Council the two 
following Memorials, Signed by the Deputies and a number 
of the french Inhabitants of Minas and Pisiquid, and 
delivered to Cap 1 Murray the Commanding Officer there, by 
whom they had been Transmitted to His Excellency. 
" Aux Mines le 10. Juin 1755. 
" A Son Excellence Charles Lawrence Ecuyer, Gouverneur 
" de la Province de la Nouvelle Ecosse en Accadie & c 
«& c & c 
41 Monseigneur " 

" Les Habitans des Mines, de Pisiquid et de 
" la Riviere aux Canards, prennent la liberte de s' approcher 
" de Votre Excellence pour luy temoigner combien ils sont 
"sensibles a la Conduitte que le Gouvernement tien a leur 
" egard, II paroit Monseigneur que Votre Excellence doutte 
" de la Sincerity avec laquelle nous avons promis d'etre fidels 
" a La Majeste Britannique. Nous supplions tres humble- 
" ment Votre Excellence de considerer notre Conduitte 
"pass^e, et voira que bien loin de fausser le Serment que 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 423 

" nous avous prettes, nous avons maintenus dans son entier, 
" malgre les Sollicitations et les Menaces et payantes d'une 
" autre Puissance. Nous sommes Aujourd'huy Monseigneur 
" dans les meines dispositions, les plus pures et les plus 
" sinceres de prouver en toutte Circonstance une fidelite, a 
" toutte epreuve pour La Majeste, de la meme facon que 
" nous l'avons fait jusqu'ici, tant dit que La Majeste" nous 
" laissera les memes libertes qu'elle nous a accordes. A ce 
" sujet, nous prions instamment votre Excellence de vouloir 
" nous informer des Intentions de La Majeste sur cet Article, 
" et de vouloir bien nous en donner des Assurances de La 
" part." 

" Permettrez nous s'il vous plait Monseigneur d'exposer 
" icy les Circonstances genantes dans lesquelles on nous 
" retiens, au prejudice de la Tranquility dont nous devons 
" Jouir Sous pretexte que nous transportons notre Bled ou 
" autre denrees a la pointe de Beausejour, et a la Riviere S 1 
" Jean, il ne nous est plus permis de faire le moindre trans- 
" port de Bled par eau dune Endroit a l'autre, Nous supplions 
" Votre Excellence de croire que nous n'avons jamais trans- 
"porte aucune Provision de vivre, ni a la pointe ni a la 
" Riviere S l Jean. Si quelques Habitans refugies a la pointe 
" ont ete saisies avec des Bestiaux, nous n'en sommes 
" aucunement Coupables, d'autant que les Bestiaux leurs 
" appartenvient en particulier et qu' ils les conduisoient sur 
" leurs Habitations respectives. quant a nous Monseigneur 
" nous n'avons jamais delinque sur ces sortes de matiere, par 
" consequent nous devrions, ce nous semble, n'en etre pas 
44 punis, au contraire nous esperons qu'il plaira a votre 
" Excellence nous rendre la meme liberte que nous avions 
" Cij devant en nous rendant l'usage de nos Canots, soit pour 
"transporter nos besoins d'une Riviere a l'autre, soit pour 
" faire la Peche et par la subvenir a notre Nouriture, Cette 
"permission ne nous a jamais ete otee qu'a present, nous 



424 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

"esperons Monseigneur, qu'il vous plaira nous la rendre 
"surtout en Consideration de quantite des pauvres Habitans 
"qui seroient bien aise de substanter leur famille avec le 
44 Poisson qu'ills pourroient prendre." 

" De plus vos Fusils, que nous regardons comme nos 
"propres Menbles, nous ont et6 encloes malgre qui nous 
44 sont d'un dernier necessity, soit pour deffendre nos 
" Bestiaux qui sont attaques par les Betes Sauvages, soit 
" pour la Conservation de nos Enfans et de nous memes, tel 
4k Habitan qui a ses Boeufs dans les Bois, et qui en a besoin 
" pour ses Travaux, n'oseroit s'exposer a aller les chercber, 
" sans etre en etat de se deffendre et de se conserver, il est 
" certain Monseigneur que depuis que les Sauvages ne fre- 
" quentent plus nos Quartiers, les Betes feroces sont 
41 extremmement augmentees, et que nos Bestiaux en sont 
" devor^s presque tous les Jours, dailleurs les Armes que 
"l'ont nous enlevent, sont un foible garant de notre fidelity, 
44 ce n'est pas ce fusil que possede ni Habitan qui le portera 
"a la Revolte, ni la privation de ce meme Fusil que le 
14 rendera plus fidel, mais sa Conscience seule le doit engager 
44 a maintenir son Serment." 

44 II paroit un Ordre de par votre Excellence dorm 6 au 
44 Fort Edward le 4 me Juin 1755 et de la 28 me Ann^e du 
44 regne de sa Majeste, Signe A. Murray, par lequel il nous 
44 enjoints de transporter les Fusils, Pistolets - au Fort 
" Edward, il nous paroit Monseigneur qu'il nous seroit 
44 dangereux d'executer cette Ordre, (dans le suppose qu'il 
44 s'en trouva encore quelques uns qui auroient echap^s a la 
44 recherche exacte que Ton en a faite ) avant que de vous 
44 representer le danger auquel cet Ordre. nous expose, les 
44 Sauvages peuvent venir nous menacer et nous avons fournis 
44 des Armes pour les tuer, Nous esperons Monseigneur que 
44 bien loin de nous le faire executer avec tant de danger, 
44 qu'il vous plaira au contraire d'ordonner que Ton nous 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 425 

" remette ceux que Ton nous a enlevees et nous procurer le 
" moyen par la, de nous conserver nous et nos Bestiaux." 

" En dernier lieu, il nous est douleureux Monseigneur de 
14 nous voir eoupables sans le scavoir, un de nos Habitans de 
"la Riviere aux Canards, nomine Pierre Melancon, a et6 
" Saisi et arrets avec la Charge de son Canot, avant d'avoir 
41 entendu aucun Ordre portant deffence de ces sortes de 
" Transports. Nous supplions a ce Sujet Votre Excellence 
" de vouloir nous communiquer son bon plaisir avant de nous 
44 confisquer et de nous mettre enfaite. Ce sont les Graces 
" que nous attendons des bont^s de Votre Excellence, et 
" nous esperons que vous nous ferez la Justice de croire que 
"bien loin de vouloir transgresser nos Promesses, nous 
44 les maintiendrons en assurant que nous sommes tres 
" respecteusement 

" Monseigneur Vos tres bumble et tres obeissants 
" Serviteurs. 

Signed by Twenty five of the said Inhabitants. 

"Aux Mines ce 24. Juin 1755." 

44 Son Excellence Charles Lawrence Ecuyer, Gouverneur 
" de la Province de la Nouvelle Ecosse ou Accadie, & c 

44 Monseigneur, 

" Tous les Habitans des Mines, de Pisiquid et de 
u la Riviere aux Canards supplient Votre Excellence de 
44 croire que si dans la Requette qu'ils out eu l'honneur 
44 de presenter a Votre Excellence, il se trouvoit quelque, 
44 faute, ou quelque manque de respect envers le Gouveme- 
4< ment, que c' est contre leur intention, et que dans ce cas 
44 les Habitans qui Ton Signe ne sont plus Coupables que les 
44 autres. Si quelque fois il se trouve des Habitans embar- 
44 assees en presence de Votre Excellence, ils supplient tres 
44 humblement de vouloir excuser leur timidity ; et si contre 



420 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

" notre attente il se trouvoit quelque chose de dure, sur la 
" ditte Request, nous prions Votre Excellence de nous faire 
" la Grace de pouvoir expliquer notre Intention. Ce sont les 
" faveurs que nous esperons qu'il plaira a Votre Excellence 
" de nous faire en la suppliant de croire que nous sommes 
" tres respecteusement " 

" Monseigneur Vos tres Humbles et tres obeissants 
" Serviteurs " 

Signed by Forty four of the said Inhabitants in the Name 
of the whole. 

The Lieutenant Governor at the same time acquainted the 
Council that Cap* Murray had informed him that for some- 
time before the delivery of the first of the said Memorials, 
the french Inhabitants in general had behaved with greater 
Submission and Obedience to the Orders of the Government 
than usual, and had readily delivered in to him a considera- 
ble number of their Fire Arms, but that at the delivery of 
the said Memorial they treated him with great Indecency 
and Insolence, which gave him strong Suspicions that they 
had obtained some Intelligence which we were then ignorant 
of, and which the Lieutenant Governor concieved might 
most probably be a Report that had been about that Time 
spread amongst them of a french Fleet being then in the Bay 
of Fundy, it being very notorious that the said french Inhab- 
itants have always discovered an insolent and inimical dispo- 
sition towards His Majesty's Government when they have 
had the least hopes of Assistance from France. 

The Lieutenant Governor likewise acquainted the Council 
that upon his receipt of the first Memorial, he had wrote to 
Cap 1 Murray to order all those who had Signed the same to 
repair forthwith to Halifax to attend him and the Council 
thereon, and that they were accordingly arrived and then in 
waiting without. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 427 

The Council having then taken the Contents of the said 
Memorials into Consideration, were unanimously of Opinion 
That the Memorial of the 10 th of June is highly arrogant 
and insidious, an Insult upon His Majesty's Authority and 
Government, and deserved the highest Resentment, and that 
if the Memorialists had not submitted themselves by their 
subsequent Memorial, they ought to have been severely pun- 
ished for their Presumption. 

The Deputies were then called in and the Names of the 
Subscribers to the Memorial read over, and such of them as 
were present ordered to answer to their Names, which they 
did to the Number of Fifteen, the others being sick ; after 
which the Memorial itself was again read and they were 
severely reprimanded for their Audacity in Subscribing and 
presenting so impertinent a Paper, but in Compassion to their 
Weakness and Ignorance of the Nature of our Constitution, 
especially in Matters of Government, and as the Memorialists 
had presented a subsequent one, and had shewn an Appear- 
ance of Concern for their past behaviour therein, and had 
then presented themselves before the Council with great 
Submission and Repentance, The Council informed them 
they were still ready to treat them with Lenity, and in order 
to shew them the falsity as well as Impudence of the Con- 
tents of their Memorial, it was ordered to be read Paragraph 
by Paragraph, and the Truth of the several Allegations 
minutely discussed, and Remarks made by the Lieutenant 
Governor on each Paragraph to the following Effect, viz 1 

It was observed in answer to this Paragraph of their 
Memorial of the 10 th of June, 

"That they were affected with the Proceedings of the 
" Government towards them." 

That they had been always treated by the Government 
with the greatest Lenity and Tenderness, That they had 
enjoyed more. Privileges than English Subjects, and had been 



428 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

indulged in the free Exercise of their Religion, That they 
had at all Times full liberty to consult their Priests, and 
had been protected in their Trade and Fishery, and had been 
for many Years permitted to possess their Lands ( part of 
the best Soil of the Province ) tho' they had not complied 
with the Terms, on which the Lands were granted, by Tak- 
ing the Oath of Allegiance to the Crown. 

They were then asked whether they could produce an 
Instance that any Privilege was denied to them, or that any 
hardships were ever imposed upon them by the Governmen.t 

They acknowledged the Justice and Lenity of the Gov- 
ernment. 

Upon the Paragraph where 

" They desire their past Conduct might be considered." 

It was remarked to them that their past Conduct was con- 
sidered and that the Government were sorry to have occasion 
to say that their Conduct had been undutiful and very 
ungrateful for the Lenity shewn to them. That they had 
made no returns of Loyalty to the Crown or Respect to His 
Majesty's Government in the Province. That they had dis- 
covered a constant disposition to assist his Majesty's Ene- 
mies, and to distress his Subjects. That they had not only 
furnished the Enemy with Provisions and Amunition, but 
had refused to supply the Inhabitants or Government with 
Provisions, and when they did Supply, they have exacted 
three times the Price for which they were sold at other Mar- 
kets. That they had been insolent and idle on their Lands, 
had neglected Husbandry, and the Cultivation of the Soil, 
and had been of no use to the Province, either in Husbandly, 
Trade or Fishery, but had been rather an obstruction to the 
Kings Intentions in the Settlement. 

They were then asked whether they could mention a single 
Instance of Service to the Government. To which they were 
incapable of making any Reply. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 429 

Upon reading this Paragraph, 

" It seems that Your Excellency is doubtful of the Sincer- 
" ity of those who have promised Fidelity, That they had 
" been so far from breaking their Oath, that they had kept it 
" in spight of terrifying Menaces from another Power." 

They were asked what gave them occasion to suppose that 
the Government was doubtful of their Sincerity? and were 
told that it argued a Consciousness in them of insincerity 
and want of Attachment to the Interests of His Majesty and 
his Government. That as to taking their Arms, they had 
often urged that the Indians would annoy them if they did 
not assist them, and that by taking their Arms by Act of 
Government, it was put out of the Power of the Indians to 
threaten or force them to their Assistance. That they had 
assisted the Kings Enemies, and appeared too ready to join 
with another Power, contrary to the Allegiance they were 
bound by their Oath to Yield to His Majesty. 

In answer to this Paragraph, 

"We are now in the same disposition, the purest and sin 
u cerest, to prove in every Circumstance Fidelity to His Maj- 
" esty, in the same manner as we have done, Provided that 
" His Majesty will leave ns the same Liberties which he has 
"granted us." 

They were told that it was hoped they would hereafter 
give Proofs of more sincere and pure dispositions of Mind, 
in the practice of Fidelity to His Majesty, and that they 
would forbear to Act in the manner they have done, in 
obstructing the Settlement of the Province, by assisting the 
Indians and French to the distress and Annoyance of many 
of His Majesty's Subjects, and to the Loss of the Lives of 
several of the English Inhabitants. That it was not the 
Language of British Subjects to Talk of Terms with the 
Crown, to Capitulate about their Fidelity and Allegiance, 
and that it was insolent to insert a Proviso, that they would 



430 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

prove their Fidelity Provided that His Majesty would give 
them Liberties. All His Majesty's Subjects are protected in 
the Enjoyment of every Liberty while they continue Loyal 
and faithful to the Crown, and when they become false and 
disloyal they forfeit that Protection. 

That they in particular, tho' they had acted so insincerely 
on every Opportunity, had been left in the full Enjoyment of 
their Religion, Liberty and Properties, with an Indulgence 
beyond what would have been allowed to any British Sub- 
ject, who could presume as they have done, to join in the 
Measures of another Power. 

They were told in answer to the Paragraph where, 

"They desire their Canoes for carrying their Provisions 
" from one River to another and for their Fishery." 

That they wanted their Canoes for carrying Provisions to 
the Enemy, and not for their own use or the Fishery, That 
by a Law of this Province, All Persons are restrained from 
carrying Provisions from one Port to another, and every 
Vessel, Canoe or Bark found with Provisions is forfeited, 
and a Penalty is inflicted on the Owners. 

They were also told in AnsAver to the following Paragraph, 

" They Petition for their Guns as part of their Goods, that 
" they may be restored to defend their Cattle from the Wild 
" Beasts, and to preserve themselves and their Children, 
" That since the Indians have quitted their Quarters, the 
" Wild Beasts are greatly increased." 

That Guns are no part of their Goods, as they have no 
Right to keep Arms. By the Laws of England, all Roman 
Catholicks are restrained from having Arms, and they are 
Subject to Penalties if Arms are found in their Houses, that 
upon the Order from Cap 1 Murray many of the Inhabitants 
voluntarily brought in their Arms, and none of them pre- 
tended that they wanted them for defence of their Cattle 
against Wild Beasts, and that the Wild Beasts had not 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 431 

encreased since their Arms were surrendered. That they 
had some secret Inducement at that Time, for presuming to 
demand their Arms as part of their Goods and their Right, 
and that they had flattered themselves of being supported in 
their Insolence to the Government, on a Report that some 
French Ships of War were in the Bay of Fundy. That this 
daring Attempt plainly discovered the falsehood of their 
Professions of Fidelity to the King, and their readiness has 
been visible upon every Intimation of Force or Assistance 
from France, to insult His Majesty's Government, and to 
Join with his Enemies, contrary to their Oath of Fidelity. 

Upon reading this Paragraph 

" Besides the Arms we carry are a feeble Surety for our 
" Fidelity. It is not the Gun that an Inhabitant possesses 
"which will lead him to Revolt, nor the depriving him of 
" that Gun that will make him more faithful, but his Con- 
" science alone ought to engage him to maintain his Oath." 

They were asked what Excuse they could make for their 
Presumption in this Paragraph, and treating the Government 
with such Indignity and Contempt as to expound to them 
the Nature of Fidelity, and to prescribe what would be the 
Security proper to be relied on by the Government for their 
Sincerity. That their Consciences ought indeed to engage 
them to Fidelity from their Oath of Allegiance to the King, 
and that if they were sincere in their Duty to the Crown, 
they would not be so anxious for their Arms, when it was 
the pleasure of the Kings Government to demand them for 
His Majesty's Service. 

They were then informed that a very fair Opportunity 
now presented itself to them to manifest the reality of their 
Obedience to the Government by immediately taking the 
Oath of Allegiance in the Common Form before the Council. 
Their Reply to this Proposal was, That they were not come 
prepared to resolve the Council on that head. They were 



432 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

then told that they very well knew for these Six Years past, 
the same thing had been often proposed to them and had 
been as often evaded under various frivolous pretences, that 
they had often been informed that sometime or other it would 
be required of them and must be done, and that the Council 
did not doubt but they knew the Sentiments of the Inhabit- 
ants in general, and had fully considered and determined 
this point with regard to themselves before now, as they had 
been already indulged with six Years to form a Resolution 
thereon. They then desired they might return home and 
Consult the Body of the People upon this Subject, as they 
could not do otherwise than the generality of the Inhabitants 
should determine, for that they were desirous of either refus- 
ing or accepting the Oath in a Body, and could not possibly 
determine till they knew the Sentiments of their Constitu- 
ents. Upon this so extraordinary a Reply they were 
informed they would not be permitted to return for any such 
purpose, but that it was expected from them to declare on 
the Spot for their own particular, as they might very well be 
expected to do, after having had so long a Time to consider 
upon that point. They then desired leave to retire to con- 
sult among themselves, which they were permitted to do, 
when after near an hours Recess, they returned with the 
same Answer, That they could not consent to take the Oath 
as prescribed, without consulting the general Body, but that 
they were ready to Take it as they had done before, To 
which they were answered, That His Majesty had disap- 
proved of the manner of Taking the Oath before, That it 
was not consistent with his Honour to make any Conditions, 
nor could the Council accept their Taking the Oath in any 
other way than as all other His Majesty's Subjects were 
obliged by Law to do when called upon, and that it was 
now expected they should do so, which they still declining, 
they were allowed till the next Morning at Ten of the Clock 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 433 

to come to a Resolution. To which Time the Council then 
adjourned. 

At a Council holden at the Governors House in Halifax 
on Friday the 4 th July 1755. 

Present 
The Lieutenant Governor 

Benj : Green ~] 
Jn° Collier I 

Will- Cotterell j* 0011110 " 
Jon n Belcher 

The Council being met according to Adjournment, the 
french Deputies who were Yesterday ordered to Attend the 
Council were brought in. and, upon being asked what Reso- 
lution they were come to in regard to the Oath, They 
declared they could not consent to Take the Oath in the 
Form required without consulting the Body. They were 
then informed that as they had now for their own particulars, 
refused to Take the Oath as directed by Law, and thereby 
sufficiently evinced the Sincerity of their Inclination towards 
the Government, The Council could no longer look on them 
as Subjects to His Britanick Majesty, but as Subjects to the 
King of France, and as such they must hereafter be treated. 
And they were ordered to withdraw. 

The Council after Consideration were of Opinion That 
directions should be given to Captain Murray to order the 
french Inhabitants forthwith to Choose and send to Halifax, 
new Deputies with the general Resolution of the said Inhab- 
itants in regard to Taking the Oath, and that none of them 
should for the future be admitted to Take it after having 
once refused so to do, but that effectual Measures ought to 
be Taken to remove all such Recusants out of the Province. 

The Deputies were then called in again, and having been 
informed of this Resolution and finding they could no longer 

28 



434 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

avail themselves of the Disposition of the Government to 
engage them to a dutiful behaviour by Lenity and Perswa- 
sion, Offered to Take the Oath, but were informed that as 
there was no reason to hope their proposed Compliance pro- 
ceeded from an honest Mind, and could be esteemed only the 
Effect of Compulsion and Force, and is contrary to a Clause 
in an Act of Parliament, S Geo: 2. C. 13, whereby Persons 
who have once refused to Take the Oaths cannot be after- 
wards permitted to Take them, but are considered as Popish 
Recusants; Therefore they would not now be indulged with 
such Permission. And they were thereupon Ordered into 
Confinement. 

At a Council holden at the Governor's House in Halifax 
on Monday the 14 th July 1755. 

Present 
The Lieutenant Governor 

Benj: Green 
Jn° Collier 

Will- Cotterell j- Councr " 
Jon n Belcher 
The Lieutenant Governor acquainted the Council that he 
was instructed by His Majesty to Consult the Commander in 
Chief of the Fleet upon any Emergency, that might concern 
the Security of the Province, and that he intended to send 
the following Letter to Vice Admiral Boscawen and Rear 
Admiral Mostyn. 
"Sir" 
" His Majesty's Council being appointed to meet at my 
" House to Morrow at Eleven o'Clock in the forenoon to 
" consider what Steps it may be proper to Take for the 
" Security of the Province against any Attempt that may be 
" made to annoy us from Canada or Louisbourg in case of a 
" Rupture, or any violent Measures the French may Take by 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 435 

" way of resenting the Check that has lately been given to 
'< their Encroachments." 

" I am to acquaint You that it is both agreable to the 
" Instructions I have received from His Majesty, and at the 
" earnest Request of His Council for this Province, that I 
" beg the Honour of your Company and Assistance at our 
" Consultation. 

" Signed Cha s Lawrence." 

"Halifax 14 th July 1755." 

"Vice Admiral Boscawen. 1 ' 

A Letter of the same Tenor and Date to Rear Admiral 
Mostyn. 

The Council returned His Excellency Thanks, and were 
very desirous that the Admirals might be Consulted. 

At a Council holden at the Governor's House in Halifax 
on Tuesday the 15 th 'July 1755. 

Present 
The Lieutenant Governor 

Benj: Green 

Jn° Collier 

Will" Cotterell \ CimUr " 

Jon" Belcher J 

The Hon ble Vice Admiral Boscaweu and Rear Admiral 
Mostyn being also Present in consequence of the Lieutenant 
Governor's Letter. 

The Lieutenant Governor laid before the Admirals the 
late Proceedings of the Council in regard to the French 
Inhabitants, and desired their Opinion and Advice thereon. 

Both the Admirals approved of the said Proceedings, and 
gave it as their Opinion, That it was now the properest Time 
to oblige the said Inhabitants to take the Oath of Allegiance 
to His Majesty or to quit the Country. 



436 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

The Lieutenant Governor then communicated to the 
Council, a Letter by him received from Cap* Rous, informing 
him that the French at the River S l Johns had, upon his 
appearance with His Majesty's Ships under his Command, 
before the Fort there, Retreated therefrom, after having first 
rendred the Cannon useless, and destroyed by Fire, all the 
Wood work thereof &c, and desired the Opinion of the 
Council in regard to the most proper and necessary Measures 
to be immediately taken, in order to prevent the French 
from availing themselves any further of their late Possession 
thereof, and of Securing the said Territory and the Indian 
Inhabitants thereof to His Majesty's Obedience. Upon 
which the Council were of Opinion that less Inconvenience 
would be occasioned by suffering the said Fort to remain in 
its present Condition during the present Circumstances of 
the Colony, than by undertaking immediately to repair and 
Garrison the same. 

The Council then took into Consideration the Number and 
State of the Troops in this Province, the Impossibility of 
Compleating the intended augmentation at present, and the 
Number of French Troops that had got into Louisbourg and 
the River of Canada, in the Ships that had escaped Admiral 
Bosca wen's Fleet. 

And then the Question was proposed whether it would 
not be absolutely necessary for the Good of His Majesty's 
Service, and the Security of this His Province, to retain in 
pay the Two Thousand New England Troops now under 
the Command of Lieutenant Colonel Monckton on the 
Isthmus of Chignecto. 

It was unanimously the Opinion of His Majesty's Council 
and all present that they should be retained at least untill 
the Augmentation was compleated, or further Orders should 
be received from England, and it was Resolved that the 
Transports should be immediately discharged to avoid any 
unnecessary Expence. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 437 

At a Council holden at the Governor's House in Halifax 
on Friday the 25 th July 1755. 

Present 
the Lieutenant Governor 

Benj: Green 
Jn° Collier 
Will" 1 Cotterell 
Jn° Rous 
Jon" Belcher 

The Hon Me Vice Admiral Boscawen and Rear Admiral 
Mostyn being also Present. 

The Lieutenant Governor laid before the Council the fol- 
lowing Memorial which he had received from the french 
Inhabitants of Annapolis River. 

"A Son Excellence l'honorble Charles Lawrence Ecuyer 
" Lieutenant Governeur et Commandant en Chef de la Prov- 
" ince de la Nouvelle Ecosse pour la Majeste Britanique et 
" Colonel d'un de ses Regiments d'lnfanterie &c &c &c " 

" Monseigneur " 
" Aussitot que nous avons recus les Ordres de Votre 
"Excellence dattez du 12 me Jour de Juillet 1755, nous nous 
" sommes assemble le Dimanche 13. Jour du present Mois 
" pour faire la Lecture a tous les Habitans de vos Ordres, 
" Voulant toujours nous tenir sous une fidelle Obeissance ; 
" nous avons deliberez tous en Generale d'un Consentement 
" unanime de porter tous nos Armes a feux a Monsieur 
"Handfield notre tres digne Cammandant quoique nous 
" n'ayons jamais en la Volontez de nous en servir contre le 
" Gouvernement de Sa Majeste, Ce qui fait que nous n'avons 
" aucuns Reproche a nous faire a ce Sujet ny dans toute la 
" Fidelite que nous devons au Gouvernement de Sa Majeste, 
" Car Monseigneur nous pouvons bien assurer Votre Excel- 
" lence que plusieurs d'entre nous ce sont risque la Vie pour 



438 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

" donner Connoissance au Gouvernment de l'ennenris, et 
"aussi lors qu'il a etez necessaire de Travailler pour 1' entre- 
" tien du Fort d' Annapolis et autre Travaille necessaire au 
" Gouvernement, nous nous y avons porter de tout notre 
" Coeur, et nous somnies pret a continuer avec la meme 
" Fidelity ; et aussi nous avons fait l'election des Trentes 
" homines pour aller a Halifax auxquels nous recommandons 
" bien de ne rieu dire on faire qui soit contraire au Conseille 
" de Sa Majesty, mais nous leurs enjoignons de ne contracter 
" aucuns nouveaux Serment, nous sonnnes Resous et en 
" volentez de nous entenir a celuy que nous avons donnez 
" et auxquels nous avons etes fidelles autant que les Circom- 
" stances 1'ont demander, Car les Ennemis de Sa Majeste 
" nous ont solicite a prendre les Armes contre le Gouverne- 
" ment, mais nous n'avons en garde de la faire." 

Signed by Two hundred and Seven of the said Inhabitants. 

The Lieutenant Governor also acquainted the Council 
that, in Consequence of the Order of Council of the 4 th Inst, 
the said Inhabitants had sent down Deputies with their 
Answer in regard to their Taking the Oath of Allegiance to 
His Majesty, and that they were now waiting without. 

The said Deputies were then ordered to be called in, and 
being asked what they had to say, They declared that they 
appeared in behalf of themselves and all the other Inhabitants 
of Annapolis River, That they could not take any other Oath 
than what they had formerly taken which was with a Reserve 
that they should not be obliged to take up Arms, and that if 
it was the Kings Intentions to force them to quit their Lands, 
they hoped that they should be allowed a convenient Time 
for their Departure. 

The Council then asked them several Questions concerning 
the Allegiance they so much boasted of in their Memorial, 
;tnd the Intelligence which they say they have given the 
Government, of which they were desired to mention a single 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 439 

Instance whereby any Advantage had accrued to the Gov- 
ernment, but this they were unable to do ; on the contrary it 
was made very evident to them that they have always 
omitted to give timely Intelligence when they had it in their 
Power, and might have saved the Lives of many of His Maj- 
esty's Subjects, but that they had always secretly aided the 
Indians, and many of them had even appeared openly in 
Arms against His Majesty. They were then told that they 
must now resolve either to take The Oath without any 
Reserve or else to quit their Lands, for that Affairs were 
now at such a Crisis in America that no delay could be 
admitted, That the French had obliged us to Take up Arms 
in our Defence against their Encroachments, and it was 
unknown what Steps they might Take further, for which 
reason, if they (the Inhabitants) would not become Subjects 
to all Intents and Purposes, they could not be suffered to 
remain in the Country. Upon which they said they were 
determined, One and All, rather to quit their Lands than to 
Take any other Oath than what they had done before. The 
Council then told them that they ought very seriously to 
Consider the Consequences of their Refusal. That if they 
once refused the Oath they would never after be permitted 
to Take it, but would infallibly loose their Possessions ; That 
the Council were unwilling to hurry them into a Determina- 
tion upon an Affair of so much Consequence to them, and 
therefore they should be allowed till next Monday at Ten of 
the Clock in the forenoon to reconsider the Matter and form 
their Resolution ; when their final Answer would be expected. 
And the Council then adjourned to that Time. 

At a Council holden at the Governor's House in Halifax 
on Monday the 28 th July 1755. 

Present 
The Lieutenant Governor 



440 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Benj: Green ~] 

Jn° Collier 

Will m Cotterell ^Counc r ' 

Jn° Rous 

Jon n Belcher J 

The Hon ble Vice Admiral Boscawen and Rear Admiral 
Mostyn being also Present. 

The Lieutenant Governor acquainted the Council that the 
Deputies from Pisiquid, Menis and the River aux Canards, 
were arrived and had delivered the following Memorials. 

" A l'honorable Charles Lawrence President du Conseil du 
" Roy, Commandant en Chef de la Nouvelle Ecosse, Lieuten- 
" ant Gouverneur d'Annaplis Royal, Lieutenant Colonel d'un 
" Regiment d'lnfanterie." 
" Monsieur " 

" Les Habitans de nos Departements ayant et6 informe par 
" Monsieur Murray Commandant le Fort Edward a Pisiquit, 
"que nous les Habitans de nos Departements ayant aparoitre 
" quelque hommes devant Monsieur le Gouverneur a Halifax 
44 pour repondre a la demande a nousfaite en vertus d'un 
" Serment que Ton nous assure que Son Honneur Exige de 
" nous, les Habitans de nos Departements en general prenne 
" la liberte de represents qu'apres avoir pretty Serment de 
"fidelity a Sa Majeste Britanique avec toutes les Circon- 
" stances et les Reserve sur vente a nous accorded au Nom 
" du Roy par Monsieur Richard Phillips Commandant en 
" Chef dans la ditte Province laquelle nous avons observe 
" notre fidelite d'autant plus qu'ils nous a etc" possible depuis 
" un nombre d'annees en Jouissant paisiblement de nos droits 
14 Suivant la Teneur de notre Serment en toute sa Teneur et 
44 reserve, et nous ayant toujours appuie sur notre Serment 
44 de fidelite tant pour sa Teneur que pour l'observation, et 
" nous sommes resons tous de bon Consentement at de voy 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 441 

" de ne prendre aucun autre Serment, nous avons pretes le 
" Serment de fklelite de bon foy, nous somines tres Contemps 
" et satisfaire, Nous esperons Monsieur que vous aure la 
" bonte d'ecoute" nos Justes raisons et en Consequence Sup- 
" plie tous d'une Voy unamine son honneur d'avoir la bonte" 
" de delivre" nos Gens qui sont tenu a Halifax depuis quelque 
" Temps en ne pouvant meme scavoir leur Situation qui nous 
"paroit deplorable, Nous avous toute Confiance Monsieur 
" que Son honneur aura bont^s pour nous de nous accorde 
" les graces que nous avous 1'honneur de vous demands tres 
" humblement, et nous prieront pour la Conservation de Son 
" honneur." 

"Pisiquit 22. Juillet 1755/' 

Signed by One hundred and Three of the said Inhabitants 
of Pisiquid. 

"A Son Excellence Charles Lawrence Ecuyer Gouverneur 
" Generale et Commandant en Chef la Province de la Nou- 
" velle Ecosse en l'Accadie et Colonel d'un Regiment au 
" Service de La Majesty dans la ditte Province."' 

"D'autant quil s'est repandue un Bruit parmis nous les 
" Habitans francois de cette Province, que Son Excellence 
"le Gouverneur exige de nous un Serment 'd Obeissance 
" conform e en quelque facon a celuy des Sujets Naturels de 
"Sa Majesty le Roy George Second, et qu'en consequence 
"nous avons une Certitude Moralle que plusieurs de nos 
" Habitans sont retenue et gen^e a Halifax pour ce Sujet." 

" Si les Intentions de Son Excellence sont cette qu'icy 
" dessus envers nous, Nous prenons la liberty de represents 
" a Son Excellence tous en generalle, et au Nom de tous les 
" Habitans, que nous et nos Peres ayant pris pour eux et 
" pour nous un Serment de fidelity qui nous a et6 approuve* 
u plusieurs fois au Nom du Roi, et sous les Privileges duquel 
" nous avons demeure fidelle et Soumis, et protege* par Sa 



442 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

" Majesty le Roy Britanique, Suivant Es Lettres et Proclani- 
" ation de Son Excellence Monseigneur le Gouverneur Shir- 
"ley, En datte du 16 Septembre 1740, et du 21 Octobre 
" 1747, Nous ne commetrons jamais l'inconstance de prendre 
" un Serraent qui change tant soit peut les Conditions et les 
" privileges dans lesquels nos Souvereins et nos Peres nous 
" ont place" pas le passe." 

" Et comme nous pencons ben que le Roi notre Maitre 
"n' amies et ne protege que des Sujets constents fidelle et 
" franc, et que ce n'est qu'en vertu de sa bonte et de la 
" fidelite que nous avons gardds envers Sa Majeste qu'elle 
" nous a accorde et continue l'entire possession de nos bien 
"et l'exercice libre et publique de la Religion Romaine." 

" Ainsi nous voulons continue dans tous ce qui sera dans 
" notre pouvoir a etre fidelle et soumis ainsi qu'il nous a ete" 
" accorde" par Son Excellence Monseigneur Richard Phillips." 

" La Charite pour nos Habitans detenue et l'innocence que 
" nous croyons en eux, nous oblige a supplier tres humble- 
"ment Son Excellence a se laisser touchy de leurs Miserres 
" et leur donner la liberte" que nous demandons pour eux 
"avec toute la Sonmission possible et le Respect le plus 
" profond." 

Signed by Two hundred and Three of the said Inhabitants 
of Menis and the River aux Canards. 

The said Deputies were then called in, and peremptorily 
refused to Take the Oath of Allegiance to His Majesty. 

The Deputies of Annapolis also appeared and refused the 
Oath. Whereupon they were all ordered into confinement. 

As it had been before determined to send all the french 
Inhabitants out of the Province if they refused to Take the 
Oaths, nothing now remained to be considered but what 
Measures should be taken to send them away and where they 
should be sent to. 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 443 

After mature Consideration it was unanimously agreed 
That, to prevent as much as possible their Attempting to 
return and molest the Setlers that may be set down on their 
Lands, it would be most proper to send them to be distrib- 
uted amongst the several Colonies on the Continent, and 
that a sufficient number of Vessels should be hired with all 
possible Expedition for that purpose. 



Letter Rob* Monckton to Grov r Shirley. 

Fort Cumberland Camp July 3 d . 1755. 
Sir 

I had the Pleasure Yesterday of hearing of Maj r 
Bourn's safe Arrival at Boston with dispatches for your 
Excellency. 

And have now to inform your Excy that upon Cpt" 
Rouse's appearing before S l Johns with the Ships under his 
Command; and sending his Boats to reconnoitre (from 
whence he was to send me word, Whether or no the French 
had any Ships of War there ) that the Officer commanding 
in the Fort immediately set fire to all the Magazines & 
Houses in the Fort; Burst all their Cannon & destroyed 
every thing in & round it — So that I shall now wait here 
for Col° Lawrences farther Orders. 

Capt" Rouse likewise writes me that there were about a 
hundred Indians who seem'd inclined to Peace, & offered to 
send four of their Chiefs for that Purpose. 

The French retir'd up the Rivers, & by what I can learn 
are gone to Canada. 

I have now, Sir, in my Possession one Chief and another 
of their Chiefs Sons, whom they had sent me before this 
happened as Hostages for their good Behaviour Having sent 



444 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

a Person to them to know whether they were for Peace or 
War — the first of which they very wisely prefer'd. 

I must beg of your Excellency to let the inclosed be 
forwarded, and as I suppose your Excy will be informed by 
Col° Lawrence of what he intends further, must beg leave to 
wish your Excy all Success, & Subscribe my self Your 
Excy's much obliged & Obedient humble Servant 

Rob 1 Monckton 
His Excellency Governour Shirley 



Petition. 

To the Hon ble Spencer Phips Esq r Lieu 1 Gov 1 & Com- 
mander in Chief in & over His Majestys Province of the 
Massachusetts Bay, & to the Hon ble His Maj 8 Council 

The Petition of Cap 1 John Blake of Boston 
Humbly Shews, 

That the Inhabitants at Halifax are in all probability in 
Want of Fresh Provisions, but more particularly his Majestys 
Fleet now there, and Other Shipping Expected there- 

Wherefore Your Petitioner humbly Begs your honours 
will be Pleased to Permit your Pet r to Carry or Send down 
Provisions to Halifax, first giving Bond for that Purpose — 
and Your Petitioner as in Duty bound shall ever Pray & c — 

John Blake 

Boston July 11, 1755 



Letter to Capt. W m Liihgow. 

Boston, July 15. 1755 
Sir 

As the General Court of this Province in their late 
Session have made the Establishment of Wages & Subsistence 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 445 

of the Garrisons at Fort Hallifax & Fort Western for Eighty 
Men & no more in both the said Forts ; 

You are hereby directed forthwith to reduce the said 
Garrisons to the said Number of Eighty Men accordingly to 
each Fort its proper Proportion, & retaining such Men as 
are most fit for Service 

Your Friend & Serv 1 
To Cpt. W m Lithgow 



L* Gov r Lawrence to Sir Thomas Robinson 

Halifax 18 th July 1755. 
Sir 

Since my last of 18 th June 1755, sent express by Lieuten- 
ant Cunningham, the French have abandoned their Fort at 
S* John's River and as far as it was in their power demol- 
ished it : As soon as the Forts upon the Isthmus were taken, 
Captain Rous Sailed from thence with three Twenty Gun 
Ships and a Sloop to look into S* John's River, where it was 
reported there were two French Ships of thirty Six Guns 
each : He anchored off the Mouth of the River and sent his 
Boats to reconnoitre, they found no Ships there, but on their 
appearance the French burst their Cannon, blew up their 
Magazine, burned every thing they could belonging to the 
Fort and Marched off : the next Morning the Indians invited 
Captain Rous on Shore, gave him the strongest assurances of 
their desire to make Peace with us ; and pleaded in their 
behalf that they had refused to assist the French upon this 
occasion, tho' earnestly pressed by them : I expect some of 
their Chiefs here in a very few days. 

As the French Inhabitants of this Province have never 



446 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

yet taken the Oatb of Allegiance to bis Majesty, unqualified, 
I thought it my Duty upon this occasion to propose it to 
them, and as the Deputies of the different Districts in Mines 
Bason were attending in Town upon a very insolent Memo- 
rial they had delivered to the Council, I was determined to 
begin with them ; they were accordingly summoned to appear 
before the Council, and after discussing the Affair of the 
Memorial Article by Article, the Oath was proposed to them ; 
they endeavoured as much as possible to evade it and at last 
desired to return home and consult the rest of the Inhabit- 
ants that they might either accept or refuse the Oath in a 
Body ; but they were informed that we expected every Man 
upon this occasion to answer for himself, and as we wou'd 
not use any Compulsion or surprise, we gave them twenty 
four hours time to deliver in their answer, and if they should 
then refuse, they must expect to be driven out of the Coun- 
try, and tho' they should afterwards repent of their refusal, 
they would not be permitted to take the Oath. The next 
Morning they appeared and refused to take the Oath without 
the old reserve of not being obliged to bear Arms, upon 
which they were acquainted that as they refused to become 
English Subjects we could no longer look upon them in that 
light, that we should send them to France by the first oppor- 
tunity, and till then they were ordered to be kept Prisoners 
at Georges Island, where they were immediately Conducted, 
they have since desired to be admitted to take the oath, but 
have not been admitted, nor will any answer be given them 
untill we see how the rest of the Inhabitants are disposed ; I 
have ordered New Deputies to be elected and sent hither 
immediately, and am determined to bring the Inhabitants to 
a Compliance or rid the Province of such perfidious Subjects. 
I will do Myself the honour Sir, to transmit you a Copy 
of the proceedings of Council upon this affair, by the first 
Opportunity, as also Duplicates of my last Letters, which at 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 447 

present we have not had time to prepare, and we cannot 
delay the Vessel which sails suddenly and unexpectedly. 
I am with all possible respect Sir 

Your most obedient and most humble Servant 

Cha 8 Lawrence 



Letter Oapt W m Lithgow to J Wheelwright . 

Richmond July 18 Ul 1755 
Hon We S r 

In my Letter of June 27 th which you Communicated 
to His Hon r & Council, they answered me Respecting 
Reliveing the Soldiers nex_ august, but did not Say wheither 
I Did Right or wrong In my Detaining the whole of the 
men, as we could not go on with the Work without them, so 
then I prayed y e Hon ble Courtes approbation upon what I 
had Dun In that matter, but have had no answer thereto, so 
that I have ben at a Loss to know what to Do, howesever I 
have since Reduce_ the garrison to 90 men, lest I might 
give offence, y e building Fort Hallifax by this will be 
Retarded unless I have assistence of some of the marching 
Companyes, which your Hon 1 " Signified I was to be assisted 
by Cap* John Smith & Cap 1 Goodwin, Smith I have seen 
( but not goodwill ) to whom I Communicated 3 r our Letter, 
He Sayes His Instructions Is to go no farther then Frank- 
ford unless it's His own Pleasure howesever I prevailed on 
Him to help to Drive up Som oxen to Hallifax, and Sayes 
He shall be willing to assist In this manner If He has orders 
for it, which I pray your Hon r mention that Such orders be 
given to any of those Companyes that Comes to Frankford, 
to assist by turnes or that thare be a Detachment Sent out of 
Each of those Companyes as His Hon 1 may Judge most 
proper, when Ever I may have occasion To hall Timber Dig 



448 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

stones Burn Brick Cary up workmen &c~ all which will 
Requier a Strong guard, as this Work is not under y e Com- 
mand of y e Fort, other wise it will be Impossible to Carry 
on this buisness, the Soldiery is very uneasy on account 
thay Cant be Relived, two of them has Diserted notwith- 
standing I Communicated to them what His Hon r directed 
you to Right Conserning thair being Relived after y e Courtes 
setting 6 th of next aug* my Dismissing those 34 men has 
mad y e others ten times more uneasy then thay ware before, 
In Dismissing them, that is by small parties by 7 or 8 at a 
Time, and som Space betwen Each of their Dismissions, 
and all by their owen Request, as that their affairs Suffered 
at y e westward or that their Wives being sick, fathers, 
Brothers being Dead or Dying and y e lick excuses, for if I 
had Dismissed them all at once I belive ye garrison would 
have generly Raised in mutiney, and all gon off, & Dont no 
but this may yet be the Case, if Somthing be not Speedily 
Dun, all which I think Deserves a Due Consideration for if 
such things are Delayed too long the Consiquences are very 
bad. 

Doo let me Intreet your Hon r to set forth all those per- 
ticulars to y e Court, or to His Hon r that thay may be 
accommodated, Inclosed you have an Invoice of Sundry 
Provienc good & y e 2 Canon, here will want a Barn Built at 
Cusnock, to Put y e Province Hay In other wise thay will 
loose Soon more then such a Building is worth, all these 
things I have Constenlity & truely Set forth to ye Hon ble 
Court, Som perticulars thay are pleased to answar, & others 
neglect, or Disregard, but let me beg for gods Sacke, that I 
may have assistence that so y e Fort may be Complected for 
till that Time I shall have no Peace night or Day, your Hon 
may Remember my Instructions Came but y e other Day, and 
with them orders to Reduc_ y e garrison to 80 men, and with 
them four Distinct Postes to be Defended, viz 1 at Teconet 3 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 449 

Cusnock one, So that thare will be but 20 men I_ a Fort, 
for I supose it s well known that Fort Hallifax Is not Com- 
pact but built In 3 Distinct Parts, and would beg to know 
if it may be Reasonibley thought, that men Can be Spared 
Suficentily Out of those four Distinct postes, to guard y e 
hailing Timber & Digging Stone at a Distence from y e »fort 
and go up & Down y e River ocasionely which must be y e 
Case till y e thing be Compleet. worthey S r Excuse my lenth 
of Letter, but I Cant help it, having so much to Say, 

S r with all Due Regardes I beg leav to Subscribe my Selfe 
yours &c 

Will" 1 Lithgow 

P. S. thare Is yet 10 men as I supose to be Dismissed 
pray I may have Direct orders if I must Dismiss then, Should 
have Dun it ar now, had it not ben for the maney obsticles I 
have alredy mentioned W — L — 

I have Dun Every thing for y e province to y e Best of my 
Judgment. 



Letter W' n Lithgow to U Gov. Pkips. July 18, 1755. 

May it Please your Honour 

In my Letter of June 27 u ' 1755 I informed the Hon bl6 
Council of the Needsisety I was under of Retaining Som of 
the Soldiers which ware to be Dismissed according to the 
Late astablishment of the Court which was 80 men for Fort 
Hallifax & Fort Western, I also acquainted y e Court In s d 
Letter of the various Sortes of Work that was to be Carried 
on, viz 1 as fetching & Diging Stone a Cross y e River, and 
hailing Timber out of the Woods, all which Is very 
Hazadous being not under the Command of the Fort, 
and will Requier a guard of no less then 30 men ( as I 
supose ) to Cover those that Digs y e Stones & halls the 
Timber to Render Work Tollerable Safe, these ware Som of 

29 



450 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Reasons I gave In s d Letter why I was for Retaining the 
men, and then prayed the Hon ble Courts approbation on my 
proposal whether I should Retain or Dismiss the above men, 
but as yet have had no answar wheither I Did Right or 
wrong, but Since Feering I might give your Hon r offence, 
or y e Hon We Court, I then Dismissed 16 men, & as I have 
had no answar as above, have given orders that thare be 18 
more Dismissed from Fort Hallifax & Western, so thare will 
now Remain but 90 men Including officers, so that thare is 
now but 10 men to be Dismissed to Reduce the Number to 
y e astablishment, if y e Honourable Court Included the officers 
In y e 80 men, which I am not Certin of, as it has ben usiual 
hitherto In all my Directions for to Reduce the garrison 
under my Comm tl to Such a Number Including officers, — 
now as the Number Is Small at Fort Hallifax being but 
Sixty men, 20 being posted at Western & 10 men at Rich- 
mond to guard the publick Stores thare which Cant be 
moved to Fort Hallifax till it Be In a Capassiety to Recive 
them & the River admitt of Carrying them up, which would 
have ben Dun In y e Spring had not all y e Spare Rooms ben 
filled with provisions, as I have alredy Signified To His 
Excellency and He approved thereof, and had I Dismantled 
Richmond Fort In y e Spring as my Inclination was & Is for 
so doing Could it have ben Dun with y e least Conveniency I 
am sure long are this Time, the proprieators Buildings 
Called Frankfort would have ben by y e Indians Burnt, as 
thay have once attempted it soon after thay took 9 men from 
thence, had I not after y e Inhabitance Disarted posted a 
Serjent & 5 men In s fl Fort, which has Continued ther ever 
since, which has hitherto encouraged y e Inhabitence Tarry- 
ing otherwise thay would have Removed to Boston & it was 
with much adoo I could perswaide them to Tarry, at all, I 
thought it Best to protect this Place ( although ) I had no 
Directions therefor, then let y e Indians Burn it and Drive 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 451 

of the Poor people, which I amagin would have been matter 
of a Brag In Canada, upon the whole, I have acted with all 
the prudence & Caution I was master of Respecting' all 
those affairs y e government has Intrusted me with, and hope 
shall be able to give them a Satisfactory account of all my 
proceedings, which has given me the gratest fitegue & 
Consern of any thing I yet have ben Conserned with - thus 
I have ben as perticular as I Could Judging it my Duty so 
to be, as your Hon r now a gain has the Charge of y e govern- 
ment, & as y e Number of men at Fort Hallifax is Small 
being but 60 men & y e Duty hard haveing 3 postes to 
Defend viz 1 two Redoubtes on y e Eminency, & y e main Fort 
Below, and So much Work abroad that it Can not be Dun 
without grate hazad of mens Lives, as I humbely Conseave, 
and if it 8 y e Courtes Determination to have y e other 10 men 
Dismissed I would pray it may be Signified and I would 
make this proposal with Submission to your IIon r that orders 
be given to all y e marching Companys that Comes to Frank- 
ford that whenever I have occasion for their assistince 
Either of one Company, or a Datchment out of the saveral 
Compunys to guard by turnes as ocasion may Require, till - 
Timber be hailed,' Stones fetched & Brick Burnt for y e 
foundation & Chimneys of y e Sevarel Building of s' 1 F , or 
any other waves as your Hon r In your grate Wisdom may 
think most proper till Such Time y e Fort be Compleet, 
which I hope will be this Fall, If I can have proper 
assistence, I have ben obliged to go up & Down this River 
Lately three time with but a very Small Scout, once with 4 
Sawyers, & twist with oxen, which Could not be Dun at 
once and shall have soon a gain ocasion to Cary up Som 
Carpnders as soon as we are Redy for them, as also macons 
when the Breck is Burnt & Stones prepared which would 
not Doo to keep them till we are Redy for them to go to 
work. 



452 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

all which I humbely Submitt to Your Honours Wise 
Considderation, and pray thare may be Something Dun as 
Spcedly as possible, to Prevent our Daly Hazad of being 
Kill' 1 or Captivated, & I belive theres nobody but will allow 
it to be Considderable Daingerious to go up this River Som 
Times with 15 & Som Times with 20 men, as has often ben 
the case 40 or 50 miles In an enimes Countery from Inhab- 
tience, & 20 miles of which we must go by Land the Rivers 
not being Navigable for Boates this Season of y e year, I add 
no farther but with all Due Submission Beg leave to Sub- 
scribe my selfe }^our Honours most obedient & most Dutifull 
Serv 1 

Will" 1 Lithgow 
Richmond July 18 th 1755 

P. S. Cap 1 John Smith Came here y e 16 th Instent with a 
party of 30 men, with much adue I prevailed upon Him to 
Drive up a yoack of oxen to Fort Hallafax being apprehen- 
cive He might Dissoblige y e government by going up this 
River farther then He was ordred which He Sayes was no 
farther then Frankfort, 

W— L — 



Extract from L f Gov s Speech: Aug. 6, 1755 

" Gentlemen of the Council & House of Representatives " 

" Our Frontiers have met with as Little disturbance from 
the Indian Enemy as we could well expect; An unhappy 
affair has increased the difficulty of retaining & securing the 
penobscot tribe, but whilst there is any hope left of doing it, 
consistent with the honour of the Government, it is prudence 
to continue our endeavours for it." 

S. Phips 
Council Chamber August y e 6, 1755 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 453 

Letter, Rob 1 Monckton to IS Gov. Phips 

Fort Cumberland Camp August y e 8 th 1755 
Sir 

I have the Honour of acquainting you, that by two Sloops 
Discharged from this Service, I have sent Eighty two Men - 
Discharged from His Excellency Gov r Shirley's two New 
England Batt rs — They being unfit for farther Service, At 
least for some time — 

And have given Directions to M r Hancock, to assit such 
as have any Distance to go, in getting them home — 

1 was in hopes Sir, to have been able to inform you of my 
having Engaged the Indians of S* Johns River in a Peace Hut 
when those, I sent for, Arriv'd, I could not get them to the 
Fort, they being afraid to trust us — Sending me Word, 
that some Indians had lately been scalp'd near Georges Fort, 
that were Trading & Friends — 

This Sir was the Reason they gave — Upon which I sent 
them back the Only one of their Chiefs that I had in my 
Possession - not thinking it worth while to detain a Single 
one — Which had such an Effect upon them that four out 
of Nine were coming in, But were Stop'd by the Others — 

Nevertheless they sent me Word, that as I had return'd 
them that Man, they would not doo any thing against us for 
a Year — 

From these Circumstances Sir, I am still in hopes that 
they will come in — for as they are a Warlike Nation, it is 
much better to gain them, than to let the French have them. 

About a Fortnight ago, One of Col. Winslows Batt" was 
kill'd, & his Head Cut off, Near Our Fort at the Gaspereau 
by some Mickmack Indians that came over from S' Johns 
Island — 

The Day before Yesterday Sir, I receiv'd Orders from L l 
Gov r Lawrence, to secure all the French Inhabitants of this 
Isthmus, in Order for their being sent out of the Province. 



454 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

I have Nothing farther Sir to add at Present, But that the 
Troops in General are Healthy, & that L l Col. Winslow with 
four Companys, Embarks in three or four Days for Pisiquid. 
1 am Sir With much Respect 

Your most Obedient & Hum We Serv 1 

Rob 1 Monckton 
His Honour L l Gov r Phipps 



The Committee appointed upon his Honour's Speech beg 
leave further to report. 

That they are humbly of opinion that his Honour the Lieu* 
Governour be desired to commissionate two or three Gent" 1 
to repair as soon as may be to the Truck House at S l Georges 
to confer with the Penobscot Indians & to endeavour by all 
reasonable methods to give them satisfaction for the injury 
they have received from one of our scouting Parties : and to 
renew and confirm Peace & Friendship betwixt Us & them 
upon such terms as shall appear most conducive to our 
mutual Safety while we are in a State of War with some of 
the other Indian Tribes, and agreeable to such Instructions 
as they may receive from this Court — which is humbly 
submitted 

Ezek : Cheever g order 

In Council Aug. 8, 1755 Read and sent down 

In the House of Rep 8 Aug 1 8, 1755. 

Read and after a Considerable Debate thereon, the Ques- 
tion was put Whether the house Accept of this report, And 
it passed in the Negative 

T. Hubbard Spk r 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 455 

Message. 

Gentlemen of the Council & House of Repres veg 

By the Letters from Cpt Lithgow, which I have laid before 
you, You will find the Difficulties he is under in Reference 
to the Men belonging to Fort Hallifax, who have been long 
in Garrison there, & are in Expectation of being soon relieved 
by others to be sent in their room ; I desire you would con- 
sider the Affair & advise me in what Manner it would be 
most convenient the said Soldiers should be raised ; And also 
that you would consider such other Parts of those Letters us 
may require the Directions & Orders of this Court for the 
better strengthening & finishing the said Fort ; all which 
Matters I apprehend to be of that Importance as to require 
the immediate Attention of this Court. 

S Phips 
Council Chamber August 9, 1755 

Lieut. Grov r Lawrence to the Governors on the Continent. 

Halifax 11 th August 1755 
Sir 

The success that has attended his Majesty's Arms in driv- 
ing the French from the Encroachments they had made in 
this Province furnished me with a favorable Opportunity of 
reducing the French Inhabitants of this Colony to a proper 
obedience to his Majestys Government or forcing them to 
quit the Country. These Inhabitants were permitted to 
remain in quiet possession of their Lands upon condition they 
should take the Oath of Allegiance to the King within One 
Year after the Treaty of Utrecht by which this province was 
ceded to Great Britain : with this Condition they have ever 
refused to comply without having at the same time from the 
Governor an assurance in writing that they should not be 



456 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

called upon to bear Arms in the defence of the Province and 
with this General Phillips did comply of which step his Maj- 
esty has disapproved and the Inhabitants pretending there- 
from to be in a state of Neutrality between his Majesty and 
his Enemies have continually furnished the French and 
Indians with Intelligence, Quarters, provisions & Assistance 
in annoying the Government and while one part have abetted 
the French Encroachments by their Treachery the Other 
have countenanced them by Open Rebellion, and three Hun- 
dred of them were actually found in Arms in the French 
Fort at Beausejour when it surrendered. 

Notwithstanding all their former bad behaviour, as his 
Majesty was pleased to allow me to extend still further his 
Royal Grace to such as would return to their Duty, I offered 
such of them as had not been openly in Arms against us, a 
continuance of the possession of their Lands, if they would 
take the Oath of Allegiance unqualified with any Reserva- 
tion whatsoever, but this they have most audaciously as well 
as unanimously refused, and if they wou'd presume to do 
this when there is a large Fleet of Ships of War in the Har- 
bour and a considerable land force in the Province what 
might not we expect from them when the approaching Win- 
ter deprives us of the former, and when the Troops which 
are only hired from New England occasionally and for a 
small time have returned home. 

As by this behaviour the Inhabitants have forfeited all 
title to their Lands and any further favour from the Govern- 
ment ; I called together his Majesty's Council, at which the 
Honble Vice Admiral Boscawen & Rear Admiral Mostyn 
assisted to consider by what means we could with the greatest 
security & effect rid Ourselves of a set of People who would 
forever have been an Obstruction to the intention of Settling 
this Colony and that it was now from their refusal of the 
Oath absolutely incumbent upon his to remove. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 457 

As their numbers amount to near Seven thousand persons 
the driving them off with leave to go whither they pleased 
wou'd have doubtless strengthened Canada with so Consider- 
able a Number of Inhabitants and as they have no cleared 
land to give them at present, such as are able to bear Arms 
must have been immediately employed in annoying this and 
the Neighbouring Colonies — To prevent such an inconven- 
ience it was judged a necessary and the only practicable 
measure to divide them among the Colonies, where they may 
be of some use as most of them are healthy strong People ; 
and as they cannot easily collect themselves together again, 
it will be out of their power to do any mischief and they may 
become profitable, and it is possible in time faithfull Subjects. 

As this step was indispensably necessary to the security of 
this Colony whose preservation from french Encroachments 
the prosperity of North America is esteemed in a great meas- 
ure dependent, I have not the least reason to doubt of your 
Excellencys Concurrence and that you will receive the 
Inhabitants I now send and dispose of them in such manner 
as may best answer our design in preventing their reunion. 

As the Vessels employed on this Service are upon Monthly 
hire I beg the favour of you to expedite as much as possible 
their discharge and that they may be furnished with a Cer- 
tificate of the time thereof agreable to the form enclosed. 



Order. 

In the House of Rep" Aug 4 12, 1755. 
Ordered, That M 1 Hall, M r Witt and Cap 1 Leach with such 
as the Hon ble Board shall join be a Committee to take under 
Consideration his Honours Message of the ninth Curr* and 
report what they think proper for this Court to do thereon. 
Sent up for Concurrence T Hubbard Spk r 



458 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

In Council Aug: 12 th 1755 

Read and Concnrr'd and Samuel Watts, and Benjamin 
Lincoln Esq 18 are join'd in the Affair. 

Tho 8 Clarke Dp ty Secry 

The Committee appointed to take under Consideration His 
Honours Message within mentioned having considered the 
same beg leave to Report, as their opinion That his Honour 
the Commander in Chief be desired to give Orders for the 
Inlisting a Number of Men to the amount of Eighty includ- 
ing those who are already at Fort Halifax whose Time of 
twelve Months from their Impresment is not yet expired and 
that for Encouragement to such as shall Inlist for twelve 
Months there be allowed to each able Bodied Effective Man 
A Bounty of three Dollars. 

The Committee being unacquainted with the State of the 

said Fort are not able to report any thing in regard to the 

Finishing of it. 

All which is Submitted 

p. Sam Watts g ord r 

August 13 1755. 

In Council Aug. 13, 1755. Read and Sent down. 

In the House of Represent: Aug 1 13, 1755. 

Read and the Question was put Whether the House accept 
the first Paragraph of this Report? It passed in the Affirm- 
ative. 

The Question was then put whether the House Accept of 
y e second paragraph of this report? it passed in the Neg- 
ative. 



Letter Capt. Q-eorge Berry to U Gov. Phipps 

May it Please your Honour 

Immediately upon my receiving my Commission I endeav- 
oured to inlist Sixty men & soon filld up my Comp a agreable 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 459 

Thereto and have ever Since been on my Duty in marching 
& Scouting according to orders received from His Excellency 
W ch has prevented my going to Boston in order to receive 
the one hundred & Eighty Dollars bounty money voted for 
said Sixty men — 

Therefore now Humbly pray that Your Honour would 
ord r That the Same may be delivered To M r John Marston, 
that the Soldiers may be paid accordingly 

by Your Honours Most Obedient and very Humble Servant 

George Berry 
Falmouth Aug 1 15 th 1755 
To the IIono ble Spencer Phipps Esq r 

Letter, Lieut. Gov. Phipa to (J apt. W m Liihgow 

Boston Aug. 16, 1755 
Sir, 

I herewith inclose the Copy of a Vote of the General Court 

respecting a Guard for Conveying Provisions &c to Fort 

Hallifax, & for guarding your Workmen in providing for the 

strengthening & Finishing the said Fort. I have sent Orders 

to the several Commanders of the Companies out of which 

these Thirty men are to be detach'd (Viz Cpt. Sam 1 Goodwin 

7, Cpt. John Smith 7, Cpt. Tho. Fletcher 8, & Cpt. Alex. 

Nichols 8, to draw their respective Quotas & without Loss 

of Time to send them to you : And if you find any delay in 

this matter in any of the officers you must quicken them, & 

you must improve the Opportunity of this Guard to have 

your Works well strengthened & finished. 

Letter, L l Gov. Phips to Capt. W m Lithgow 

Boston Aug. 18 1755 
Sir 

Upon my Message of the 9 th instant to the two Houses 

they appointed a Committee, who reported their Desire that 



460 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

I would give orders for inlisting a Number of Men, to the 
Amount of 80 including those who are already at Fort Hali- 
fax, whose Time of 12 Months from their Impressment is not 
yet expired; and That for our encouragement to such as 
shall enlist for 12 months there be allowed to each able 
bodied effective Man a Bounty of 3 Dollars ; which Report 
the House of Repftves accepted of, but by reason of the 
Hurry of Business, that Vote was not Sent up to the Board 
But I make no doubt the Court at their next Sitting will 
readily compleat the same ; If therefore any of the Men with 
you will enlist a new for another 12 months let me know of 
it by the first opportunity and how many they are ; and as 
soon as the said affair is compleated I will Order the Bounty 
Money to be sent them. 

I am your Friend and Servant 
To Capt n Lithgow. 



Letter, Capt Sam 1 Goodwin to 2/ Gov. Phips 

Frankfort August y e 27 th day 1755 
May it Please your Honour I Received yours of the 16 
of August 1755 : on y e 22 th Instant in the Evening and 
obsarve the Contents, and Chearfully Obay your Honours 
Commands and Should have Sent Seven men Only but that 
they ware very unwilling to Goe to Tarre there without I 
was with them and a number of workmen Came to Goe up 
to Fort Hallefax and not having a sufficient Gard, and by 
the advice of Capt William Lithgow I have Deteacht one 
halfe of my Compeny, with the Leve" one Sargent & a Cor- 
poral, to Goe up as a Gard with the said work men, and am 
to be Releaved by Capt Alexander Nickels jur in a short 
time if this will be agreabl to your Honour & the Honourabl 
Court I will Continau to Afford Capt Lithgow, all the assist- 



tb 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 461 

ance I Possable Can or any thing to Sarve the Provinc in my 
Power — And I will undertake to Transport the Province 
Stores from Fort Western to Fort Hallifax with Cap* Nickels 
Company and mine with the assistance of the Soldiers at 
both Forts : and not put the Provinc to any further Expenc 
if that will be of any Sarvice Or as your Honour shall think 
Proper : I have & shall Reconiter the woods Continauly. 

And by all I can larne most of the Indains is Drawn off to 
assist the French at Crown Point, for we have an acco" from 
the Indains that Comes in at S f Georges Fort that there will 
be no Damage Don this two months. Only there is Six 
Indains Out from there that will Do Damage if they Can, 
and there was Eleven Discoured at Sheepscut by one Mr 
Winslow last week and was followed by upwards of a hun- 
dreed men & non has been heard of since I am Sir as in Dute 
Bound your Honours most Dute full most Obediant and very 
Humble Sarvent 

Samuel Goodwin 



Letter, Capt W m Lithgoiv to L l Gov. Phips Sept. 4, 1755. 

May it Please your Honour / 

I Rec d your Honours Letter of y e 16 th aug 1 , as also y* votes 
of y e House of Repres ves , the Contents of which, I shall Do 
y e utmost of my Indeavour to observe — as thare is Som 
Busniss Shortely which will be absolutely nessacery to be 
Dun here and as those affairs will Requier your Honours as 
also y e Hon ble Courts Considerations thereon I Judge it no 
less then my Dutey here to Informe your Hon r therewith In 
Time, that thare may be no Delay when oppertuniety pre- 
sents to preforme, y e following busniss which Is as followes,- 
that as Soon as Fort Hallifas Is In a proper Condition to 
Recive y e Stores of all Sort now Lodged in Richmond &c — 



462 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

which will I Expect be In Such a Condition by y e Last of 
September or begining of Octo r by which Time it is usual 
for this River to be Raised to a proper pitch by y e Fall Rains 
to go up y e same with Boates, and as those Boates are now 
Redy, and fources now in y e provience pay, will be a good 
oppertuniety to Gary up a Considerable quantiety of Stores 
&c — and as this Busniss Requires a Strong guarde, being 
Dun In Time, will Save y e Rasing New forces, as has be_ Dun 
heretofore, — unless it Should be Delayed till In y e Winter, 
but as y e Current Runs Down very Strong y e River Dose not 
freez sufficiently y e latter end of Jan r and as y e Weather & 
Ice Is not to be Rely d on I should vastely prefer Water Car- 
riege, this we have alredy experienced and find it answared 
our expectation, not but y e Winter Is also a Suitable Time 
and ought also to be Improv'd but not Intirely to be Relied 
on, y e Spring Fall & Winter are y e onley Seasons that Can 
be Improved In Carying stores to y e uper Fort, and Such 
Stores ought to be placed at Fort Western for this purpose 
at proper Times which I will Endeavour to advise y e Com- 
missary general, of Such Times, now as this Busniss ( as long 
as y e War Continiues ) will be attendended with grate Hazad, 
as y e Indians well Knowes our Sircumstances In this pertic- 
ular, In my Humble opinion it will Requier no less then Two 
Hundred good men for to man y e Boates and guard y e Shore, 
So that If it Is or Should be your Honours pleasure to give 
necessecery orders that Such a Number attend on this Bus- 
niss I will nottifie Such Fources of y e Suitible Time and Sett 
a Day when thay may appeer all at y e Store House, and if 
thay will be punctual to Com at y e Time appointed this piece 
of Service will be very Soon ended, what mad y e Charg 
amount so high y e Last Spring In Carrying up y e Stores was 
on account y e guardes Did not Com all to gather, but ware 
Longer a gathering, then Doaing y e Worke, which Continiued 
but Ten Dayes, I would not be understood here to prescribe 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 463 

or Direct In this affair, but only mention those Things In y e 
way of my Dutey, for your Honours Timely Consideration, 
other wise this may be attended with more Cost, to y e pub- 
lick, and be followed with 111 Consiquences. 

all which is Humbely Submitted to your Honours Wise 
Consideration. 

with all Due Submission I beg Leave to Subscribe my selfe 
your Honours most Dutiefull Humbl Serv 1 

Richmond Sep 1 4 th 1755 Will m Lithgow 



the true Coppy of Samuell Goodwins Express sent to him 
from C pt William LithgOw. 

Frankfort September y e 11, 1755 
Cap 1 William Groves or the Commanding officer on Sheeps- 
gntt River on the East side of Frankfort Sir I Reed the fol- 
lowing Express from C pt Lithgow this morning in the Woods 
about Seven miles from our forth at half after teen a (lock 
and think it my Duty to Inform you Gentlemen & Every 
Person I possible Can therefore I Desire you to forward it to 
the Commanding officers at Newcastle and Wallpole Pema- 
quid Broad Bay and Georges for you may Depend upon it 
that they Indians will Strike some Where Very soon & I 
believe in a body I am Ready with my Company to assist all 
in my power and am Gentlemen your assured friend & very 
humble Servent 

Samuell Goodwin 

Fort Hallifax Sep 1 " y e 9 th 1755 
C pt Goodwin Sil- 
as wee Ware a Coming up y e River Between Cushnock & 
fort Hallifax we aspide Sundry Tracts of Indians and it 
appeared by said Tracts they were a Going Down said River 



464 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the above Tract Were Discovered on the Westren Side of 
Said River & further a very large Tract was Discovered up 
Sebastoocook River which Tract Came into one of ours that 
was made last Week by some of our pepole that Went to 
Vew the Grass on the Entervale upon the Whole Its Judged 
by us all the Enemy is Gone Down the River in order to fall 
on the Inhabitants and as this is our opinion we thought it 
our Duty on the acount of the Exposed Inhabitants to 
Inform you here with in order you may aprise all the Exposed 
Places Sir I Remain your Very Humble Servent 

William Lithgow 



INDEX. 



Abbot, Aaron, signed petition for 
Fryeburg, 14; signed petition 
for Wiscasset, 51; signed peti- 
tion for Kennebec, 198. 
Isaac, signed petition for Frye- 
burg, 14. 
James, signed petition for Fal- 
mouth, 311. 

Abeel, Mr. , 162. 

Abenakes, the, 192. 

Acadia, 180, 181, 182, 238, 239, 250, 

354, 422, 425. 
Acadians, the, 355, see also under 

the French. 
Adams, John, signed New Casco 

petition, 219. 
Aix la Ohapelle, 252, 355. 
Albany, 228, 230, 291, 330. 
Court House, 288. 
Patroon's Mill, 288. 
Albee, Obadiah, signed Wiscasset 
petition, 51. 
Obadiah Jr., to be kept as a 
prisoner, 34; accused of mur- 
der, 34, 35. 
Alexander, James, signed Kenne- 
bec petition, 197. 
John, signed Kennebec petition, 

197. 
William, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 197. 
Alford, William, signed Wiscasset 

petition, 245. 
All. Abraham, signed petition for 

St. Georges, 100. 
Allbee, Obadiah. signed Wiscasset 
petition, 245, 320; signed Ken- 
nebec petition, 277. 
Obadiah Jr., signed Wiscasset 
petition, 245. 
Alleghany Mountains, the, 262. 

Allen, Mr. , 42, 56. 

Rev. , 311. 

Elisha, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 197. 
James, 6, 38. 

Peter, signed petition for Frye- 
burg, 14. 
Samuel, signed Kennebec petition, 

196. 
Alley, John, signed Wiscasset 
petition, 245, 320. 



Allien, Barsam, 110. 

Ames, Moses, signed petition for 
Fryeburg, 14. 
Nathan, signed petition for Frye- 
burg, 14. 

Ammunition, arrived at Boston, 
76; at Fort George, 77, 234; 
needed at Fort Frederick, 77, 
78; to be forwarded, 81 ; needed 
at Fort George, 85; wanted for 
Castle William, 183; petitioned 
for, 206; at Fort Frederick, 
234; at Richmond, 234; for the 
independent companies, 243, 
245, 246; the French supplied 
the Indians, 247, 266, 293; sent 
to the Eastern forts, 248; re- 
placed at Castle William, 253; 
arms of Col. Winslow's regi- 
ment, 281, 282; given to Col. 
Fitch, 283; gathered at the 
Mission, 305; sent to Tacon- 
net, 326; needed at Fort West- 
ern, 376; needed at Broad Bay, 
390, 399; from Great Britain, 
415; delay in furnishing, 415; 
poor locks, 415; number of 
arms increased, 415; needed 
at St. Georges, 419, 420; the 
French supplied the Indians, 
428, 429. 

Anderson, James, signed Shecp- 
scot petition, 63. 
Joseph, signed the Sheepscot 
petition, 63; signed the Ken- 
nebec petition, 196. 
Samuel, signed the Sheepscot 
petition, 63; signed the Ken- 
nebec petition 196. 

Andrau, Pere, 306. 

Andrews, John, signed Kennebec 
petition, 258. 

Ange, Charly, Mons., 230. 

Annapolis River, 437, 438. 

Royal, 59, 70, 73, 126, 181, 238, 
354, 355, 401, 442. 

Anne, Queen, 240. 

Anson, Lord, 206, 207. 

Answers to, governor's message, 
8; Falmouth ^petition, 47; 
Sheepscot petition, 213; Cush- 
ing's petition, 274. 

Appleton, Col. , 4, 86. 

Apthorp, Mr. , 97, 344. 



30 



466 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Apthorp, continued. 
Charles, a Kennebec proprietor, 

53, 176; signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 104, 211. 
Armourer, desired by Indians, 30; 

at truekhouse, 31; at St. 

Georges, 31. 
Amis, see under Ammunition. 
Arresaguntacooks, the, 81, 86, 89, 

105, 247, 259, 293, 295, 300, 301, 

302, 309, 310, 313, 391, 394, 395, 

408. 
Arrowsic, 93, 226, 364, 365. 
Arundell, 1. 
Ashly, Capt., 163. 
Aston, Hezekiah, signed petition 

for Fryeburg, 14. 
John, signed Kennebec petition, 

197. 
Auerell, Israel, see Averell. 

Austin, , 111. 

Autographs, see Marks. 

Aux Mines, 422. 

Averell, Israel, petition of, 100; 

signed answer to Sheepscot 

petition, 215; signed Wiscas- 

set petition, 319. 
Job, signed Wiscasset petition, 

319; letter of, 156. 
Avery, Edward, signed Falmouth 

petition, 312. 
Ayer, Hannah, 317. 



B 



Bacon Court, 229. 

Baker, Elisha, signed New Casco 

petition, 219. 
John, signed Wiscasset petition, 

51, 245. 
Balentine, John, signed Kennebec 

petition, 195. 
Ball, Samuel, signed Kennebec 

petition, 277; broke out of 

jail, 345. 
Bancroft, Robert, signed petition 

of a new town, 200. 
Bane, James, commission to, 259. 
Bang's Island, 327. 
Barlo, Samuel, signed Wiscasset 

petition, 320. 

Barrell, Mr. ■ , 16. 

Barrow, Lawrence, letter of, 37. 

Maurice, 37. 
Barter, Samuel, signed Kennebec 

petition, 198. 
Samuel Jr., signed Kennebec 

petition, 199. 
Bartholomew, an Indian, 258, 259, 

340. 



Bartoll, William, signed New 
Casco petition, 219 

Batler, Capt. , 59. 

Baxter's Point, 257. 

Bay of Fundy, 75, 77, 124, 125, 
238, 239, 240, 350, 353, 354, 355, 
359, 361, 426, 431. 

Bay Verte, 238, 239, 266, 355. 

Bayley, Mr. , 20, 128. 

Joshua, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 258. 

Beal, Josiah, 400, 412. 

Bean, Jonathan, 74, 80, 112, 113, 
114, 203, 204. 

Beath, John, signed Kennebec 
petition, 199. 
Walter, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 199. 

Beausejour, 456. 

Becancour, 123, 249, 328. 

Bedford, Duke of, 183. 

Belcher, Mr. , 36. 

Jonathan, 422, 433, 434, 435, 437, 
440. 

Belts, 156, 164, 289, 280, 331. 

Bennett, Andrew, signed Kenne- 
bec petition, 198. 

Benson, Henry, signed Kittery 
petition, 133. 

Berry, Col. ■ , 35. 

Capt. George, 242, 243, 468. 
Joseph, signed the Kennebec 

petition, 212. 
Nathaniel, signed Kennebec 

petition, 194, 212. 
Thomas, 4, 37. 

Berwick, 31, 41, 54, 56, 58, 109, 
110, 144, 145, 146, 167. 

Bethune, Mr. , 47. 

Beveriflge, James, signed Kenne- 
bec petition, 197. 

Bicknell, John, signed petition 
for Fryeburg, 14. 

Biddeford, 317. 

Bilboa, 37. 

Black, James, signed Sheepscot 
petition, 63. 

Blackledge, Jonathan, Wiscasset 
petition, 51, 245. 

Black Point, 130, 131. 

Blackston, Benjamin, signed New 
Casco petition, 219. 
Benjamin Jr., signed New Cas- 
co petition, 219. 
William, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 195. 

Bladgdon, John, signed Wiscasset 
petition, 319. 

Blagdon, Charles, signed Kenne- 
bec petition, 198. 



INDEX 



467 



Blake, Increase, labor at Truck 
House, 112. 
John, petition of, 444. 

Blanchard, Samuel, signed Ken- 
nebec petition, 190, 258. 

Bletlien, James, signed Kennebec 
petition, 107. 
John, signed Kennebec petition, 

198. 
John Jr., signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 198. 

Blockhouses, see Forts. 

Blodgot, Caleb, 110. 

Boards, 27, 35, .39, 43, 46, 47. 

Boats, wanted at Fort Western, 
343; to be built for the forts, 
345, 364; nearly finished, 37S; 
to be armed, 378; built at 
Boston, not correct shape, 
389, 405; model of the proper 
kind, 405. 

Bodge, Mr. ■ , 90. 

Bollan, Mr. , 40, 107, 208, 415. 

Bolles, Lemuel, 147. 

Bolton, George, signed Kennebec 
petition, 258. 

Bonnebeege Hills, 177. 

Boothby, Richard, signed Kenne- 
bunk petition, 05. 

Borks, John, signed Kennebunk 
petition, 05. 

Boscawen, Vice Admiral, 434,435, 
430, 437, 439, 450. 

Boston, 2, 3, 5, 15, 16, 23, 25, 27, 
29, 32, 34, 35, 38, 39, 41, 43, 46, 
48,49,52,71, 72, 73, 75, 78, 81, 
84, 86, 87, 88, 93, 96, 100, 103, 
105, 106, 108, 120, 122, 120, 127, 
128, 129, 130, 140, 142, 151, 157, 
159, 163, 164, 166, 172, 173. 179, 
182, 184, 192, 206, 207, 208, 215, 
225, 226, 234, 235, 230, 241, 242, 
243, 245, 258, 259, 200, 261, 204, 
265, 267, 283, 285, 287, 290, 292, 
295, 300, 306, 307, 308, 309, 313, 
321, 827, 335, 339, 344, 303, 377, 
379, 389, 397, 398, 405, 409, 415, 
416, 417, 420, 421, 422, 443, 444, 
450, 459. 
Council Chamber, 182, 207, 216, 
224, 233, 254, 280, 281, 284, 332, 
337, 339, 362, 384, 414, 452, 455. 
Orange Tree, the, 402. 
Town House, 85. 

Boswoll, John, signed Falmouth 
petition, 312. 

Bouges, John, signed petition for 
St. Georges, 99. 
Samuel, signed petition for St. 
Georges, 99. 



Bouges, continued. 

Samuel Jr., signed petition for 
St. Georges, 99. 

Boundaries, 187, 208, 209. 

Bounties, for captives and scalps, 
285, 409; to soldiers, 409, 460. 

Bourn, Col. and Maj., 287, 443. 
John, 268. 
Sylvanus, 7, 56. 

Bourryan, Mr. , 28. 

Bowdoin, James, Kennebec pro- 
prietor, 176; signed Kennebec 
petition, 194. 
William, Kennebec proprietor, 
53, 177; signed Kennebec pe- 
tition, 194, 211; mentioned, 
111. 

Bowers, Capt. , 43. 

Bowman, Andrew, signed Wiscas- 
set petition, 51. 

Box and Austin, 111. 

Boyes, Antipas, 193, 257, 270. 

Boyinton, Caleb, 51, 195. 
William, 51, 196, 278, 320. 

Boys, Joseph, 63. 

Bradbury, Mr. , 317, 412. 

Christopher, 110. 
Capt. Jabez, signed petition for 
St. Georges, 100; letters of, 
80, 104, 155; mentioned, 71, 
72, 73, 81,87,105, 111, 112, 113, 
114, 116, 118, 120, 126, 140, 141, 
142, 150, 157, 160, 161, 164, 166, 
179, 215, 310, 835. 

Bradford, Capt. , 15, 10. 

Bradley, Abraham, signed Frye- 
burg petition. 14. 
Timothy, signed Fryeburg peti- 
tion, 14. 

Bragdon, Capt., 91, 122, 403, 404, 
4 IS. 
Elisha, signed Falmouth peti- 
tion, 312. 

Brattle. William, signed Kennebec 
petition, 170, 194, 211. 

Breed, Jonathan, 421. 

Brewer. James, signed Kennebec 
petition, 198. 
James Jr., signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 199. 

Briant, Abraham, signed Falmouth 
petition, 312. 

Bridges, 20, 48, 49, 110, 149. 

Bridgham, Sam!., 111. 

Briscoe, Vincent, 33. 

Bristol, 33. 

Broad Bay, 35, 137, 164, 390, 419. 

Brookin, Ebenezer, signed Kenne- 
bec petition, 258. 

Brown, , brothers killed, 402. 



468 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Brown, continued. 

Capt. , 125. 

Benjamin, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 212. 
Daniel, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 212. 
James, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 212. 
John, signed St. Georges peti- 
tion, 99. 
Philip, signed Kennebunk peti- 
tion, 65. 
Samuel, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 212. 

Bruer, James, signed Wiscasset 
petition, 245; see also Brewer. 

Brunswick, petition of, 152; men- 
tioned, 3, 78, 84. 90, 136, 138, 
147, 153, 161, 102, 364, 378, 389, 
405, 410. 

Bryant, Patrick, signed Wiscasset 
petition, 319. 
Walter, surveyor, 32. 
see also Briant. 

Bryen, William, signed Kennebec 
petition, 194. 

Buber, Joseph, signed Kennebec 
petition, 194. 

Buckminster, Col. , 128. 

Bucknam, William, signed New 
Casco petition to divide the 
parishes, 227, 228. 

Buffom, Joseph, 200. 

Bugnon, Jacques, 277. 

Bulfinch, John, 111, 113. 

Bunker, Benj., 197. 

Burke, John, 197. 

Burnal, Joseph, killed, 154. 

Burns, Elizabeth, 225, 226. 
Samuel, 63. 

Burt, Samuel, 215. 

Burton, Benj., signed petition for 
St. Georges, 99; letter of, 402. 
Simon, signed Kennebec peti- 
tions, 198, 212. 

Butland, John, signed Kennebunk 
petition, 65. 

Butler, Moses, signed Berwick 
petition, 144, 146. 

Butterfield, Samuel, 200. 

Buxton, James, signed New Casco 
petition, 218. 

B , Bay, 27. 

B , Mr., 45. 

B , Caleb, signed Kennebec 

petition, 278. 

B , James, signed Kennebec 

petition, 258. 

B , John, signed Sheepscot 

petition, 62; signed Kennebec 



B , John, continued. 

petition, 278. 
B , Nathnel, signed Kennebec 

petition, 196. 







Caditt, Joseph, purchased John 
Martin, 153. 

Caffry, Morgan, signed Kennebec 
petition, 195. 

Cagnawagas, the, 6. 

Calef, Jos., signed Falmouth peti- 
tion, 312. 

Calendar, the New Style, 267. 

Call, Cbadiah, signed Kennebec 
petition, 198, 278. 
Philip, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 195. 
Philip, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 195. 

Calley, John, signed New Casco 
petition, 219. 

Calwell, George, signed Kennebec 
petition, 198. 

Cambridge, 100, 140, 155, 159, 165, 
385. 

Came, Samuel, 110. 

Campbell, Alex., signed petition 
for St. Georges, 99; signed 
Kennebec petition, 194. 
James, signed petition for the 
frontier, 93. 

Canada, 6, 8, 74, 77, 81. 83, 84, 91, 
94, 95, 101, 105, 106, 108, J 09, 
134, 135, 136, 141, 153, 156, 158, 
177, 183, 191, 201, 202, 206, 228, 
230, 232, 288, 246, 247, 250, 263, 
278, 293, 295, 300, 303, 304, 313, 
321, 325, 32S, 331. 332, 338, 357, 
359, 360, 361, 303, 399, 434, 443, 
451, 457. 
River of, 180; see also River St. 
Lawrence. 

Canadians, the, 328, 338; see under 
French, the. 

Cane, Saml., signed petition for 
Phillipsburg, 179. 

Cannbell, Alexander Jr., signed 
petition for Kennebec, 194. 

Cape Breton, 37, 54, 57, 107, 126, 
183, 207, 208, 238, 253, 356, 362. 

Cape Canceau, 181. 

Cape Sable, 181, 266. 
Indians, 279. 

Capham, Capt. , 16; see Clap- 
ham. 

Capt. Sam, an Indian, 60, 71. 

Carlton, John, 196, 258. 
Jonathan, 258. 



INDEX 



469 



Carr, Moses, 205, 347, 350. 
Carriages, 10, 11. 
Carribee Islands, the, 180. 
Carter, Ezra, 14. 

Samuel, 28. 

Casco, lumber at, 27; boards at, 

35, 39, 43; best market for 

boards, 40; influence of tbe 

troops at, 327. 

Bay, 1G, 90, 100, 227, 280, 292, 

305, 308, 318, 320, 320, 327. 
River, 227. 
Catherwood, John, signed St. 
Georges petition, 99. 
Robt., signed St. Georges peti- 
tion, 99. 
Cavalier, Louis, signed Kennebec 

petition, 277. 
Cayougas, the, 331. 
Cean, Walter, signed Kennebec 

petition, 198. 
Certificate of New Town, 109. 
Chadbourn, Benjamin, signed Ber- 
wick petition, 144, 140. 
James, signed Phillipstown peti- 
tion, 179. 
James Jr., signed Phillipstown 

petition, 17'.). 
John, signed Phillipstown peti- 
tion, 179. 
Joshua, signed Phillipstown 
petition, 179. 
Chadburn, Humphry, on commit- 
tee to divide Kittery, 31. 

Chandler, Capt., , 224. 

Edmond, 147. 
John, 241. 
Josiah, 110. 
Joseph, 147. 
Peter, 14. 
Chaney, Daniel, signed petition 

for Wells, 208. 
Chapin, Capt. Elisha, 283. 
Chapman, Athony, signed Kenne- 
bec petition, 195. 
John, signed Wiscasset petition, 
245; signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 277 
Samuel, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 196, 245, 277; signed 
Wiscasset petition, 320. 
Charlemont, 410. 
Charles II, 243. 
Abner, signed Fryeburg petition, 

14. 
John Jr., signed Fryeburg peti- 
tion, 14. 
Chase, Judah, signed Kennebec 

petition, 190. 
Cbaudiere River, 51, 242, 246, 247, 



Chaudiere River, continued. 

258, 259, 320, 322, 328, 338. 
Cbebucta, 10, 22, 20, 43. 
Checanato, 124. 
Cbeever, Mr. , 287. 

Ezekiel, 125, 333, 454. 

Chegnecto, 125, 238, 430. 
Cheney, Elias, signed Kennebec 
petition, 195, 277. 

John, signed Kennebec petition, 
195, 277. 
Cherry Point, 143. 

Chever, Capt. , 307. 

Chippaways, the, 263. 

Choate, Col. , 4, 7, 50, 332, 334. 

John, 8. 
Chubb, Jabez, 163. 
Chute, Thomas, to receive a com- 
mission, 90; letter of, 89. 

Clap, Col. , 91, 332. 

Clapham ) ^ 

Clapman j ' ' 

.Mrs. , 16 

see also Capham. 

Clarke, ; Mr. — , 16, 292. 

Elisha, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 195. 

George, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 198. 

Ichabod, signed New Casco peti- 
tion, 218. 

James, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 195; signed Sheepscot 
petition, 63. 

James Jr., signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 195; signed Sheepscot 
petition, 62. 

Percival, signed New Casco peti- 
tion, 219. 

Richard, one of the committee 
to divide Kittery, 31; signed 
the Kennebec petition, 197; 
signed the Falmouth petition, 
312. 

Thomas (Deputy-secretary), 66, 
201, 213, 219, 220, 221, 233, 235, 
241, 250. 268, 270, 280, 312, 316, 
333, 370, 401, 408, 411, 414, 408. 

William, signed Sheepscot peti- 
tion, 02; signed Kennebec 
petition, 195; signed Wiscas- 
set petition, 319. 
Claverack, 163. 
Clements' Bay, 143, 144. 
Cleverly, John, signed the Kenne- 
bec petition, 198. 
Cliford, William, signed Wiscasset 

petition, 319. 
Clinton, Gov. George, 361. 



470 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Cobb, Capt. Tbomas, 281. 

Cobee, R., signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 196. 

Coffea, John, signed Falmouth 
petition, 311. 

Coffin, Charles, 215. 

Coheran, Robert, signed Sheepscot 
petition, 63. 
William, signed Sheepscot peti- 
tion, 63. 

Colby, Ambros, signed Wiscasset 
petition, 51, 245. 
Benjamin, signed Wiscasset peti- 
tion, 51. 
Ruglas, signed Wiscasset peti- 
tion, 51. 

Colerain, 410. 

Collier, Jno., 422. 

Colman, Mr. , 22. 

Colors wanted at Fort Western, 
377. 

Colville, Lord, 76, 77, 78, 172. 

Combes, ) George, signed Kenne- 

Comes, J bee petition, 197. 
Peter, signed Kennebec petition, 

197. 
Peter Jr., signed Kennehec peti- 
tion, 197. 
Selvanus, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 197. 
William, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 194. 
see Coomes. 

Commings, Samuel, 200. 

Concord, 177, 179. 

Condon, Samuel, signed Falmouth 
petition, 311. 

Congress at Albany, 291. 

Conly, Dinis, signed St. Georges 
petition, 100. 

Connecticut, 163, 208, 384. 
River, 189, 411. 

Convicts, transported, 358. 

Cooke, Mr., 27, 43. 

Cookson, John, 215. 

Coomes, Joshua, signed Kennebec 
petition, 212. 
see Combes. 

Cooper, Boyce, signed St. Georges 
petition, 99. 

Coopgate, 266. 

Cooshnuck, see Cushnoc. 

Cornish, John, signed Kennebec 
petition, 197. 
Stephen, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 197. 

Cornwallis, Governor, 26, 27, 28, 
43, 46, 60, 71, 72, 73, 124, 125. 

Coson, Edward, signed Kennebec 
purchase, 245. 



Coson, continued. 
Hate Evil, signed Kennebec pur- 
chase, 245. 
Cotterell, William, 422, 433, 434, 

435, 437, 440. 
Cotton, 15, 412. 

Roland (Clerk), 19, 37, 140. 
Country, a new one desired, 194. 
Cousins, "1 Benj., signed petition 
Coussens, / for Kennebunk, 65. 
Joseph, signed petition for Ken- 
nebunk, 65. 
see also Cusens. 
Cradford, Josiah, signed petition 

of Wells, 268. 
Creaght, John M., signed Fal- 
mouth petition, 312. 
Creighton, Samuel, signed St. 
Georges petition, 100. 

Crellins, Mr. , 41, 42, 47. 

Crocker, James, signed Kennebec 

petition, 198. 
Crocket, Samuel, signed New 

Casco petition, 219. 
Cromwell, Joshua, signed Kenne- 
bec petition, 197. 
Oliver, 239. 
Crooker, Elijah, signed Kennebec 
petition, 197. 
Isaiah, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 197, 212. 
Crosby, Simon, signed Kennebec 

petition, 198, 258. 
Cross, Daniel, 14. 

Crown Point, 135, 136, 162, 163, 
180, 189, 238, 240, 263, 360, 384, 
409, 461. 
Cuba, 120. 

Cunningham, Lieut. , 445. 

Edward, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 197. 
James, signed Sheepscot peti- 
tion, 63; signed Kennebec 
petition, 194. 
John, signed Sheepscot petition, 
63; signed Kennebec petition, 
195, 245; taken prisoner, 399. 
John Jr., signed Sheepscot peti- 
tion, 63. 
Currency, 28, 40. 
Curtis, Jacob, petition of, 1. 

Joseph, signed petition of Kit- 
tery, 133, 152. 
Cusens, Robard, signed Kenne- 
bunk petition, 65. 
Thomas, signed Kennebunk 

petition, 65. 
see also Cousins. 
Cushan, Col., 386. 
Gushing, , 118. 



INDEX 



471 



Cushing, continued. 
Col. Ezekiel, agent for second 
parish of Falmouth, 19; to 
settle estate of Dominicus Jor- 
dan, 65, 06, 67, 68; heir of Jor- 
dan, 66, 67; letters of, 65, 90, 
148, 396; memoranda of, 66; 
petitions of, 254, 256; men- 
tioned, 58, 88, 89, 95, 96, 97, 
158, 162, 274, 370, 379, 380, 385, 
386, 389, 391, 892, 393, 394, 396, 
397, 398, 416. 
Mary, wife of Ezekiel, 66; heir 
of Dominicus Jordan, 66, 254, 
275; not in her father's will, 
254; desired her rights, 255, 
256; petition of, 254; petition 
granted, 256. 
Thomas, petition of, 421. 

Cushnoc, \248, 260, 298, 308, 

Cooshnuck, / 310, 322, 323, 326, 
327, 335, 410, 448, 449. 

Cutt, Richard, moderator, 31; on 
division of Kittery, 32; to 
obtain confirmation of acts of 
committee, 32. 
Richard Jr., 110. 
Robert, signed petition for Kit- 
tery, 133. 
Thomas, signed petition for Kit- 
tery, 133, 152; mentioned, 32. 

Cutter, George, signed New Casco 
petition, 219. 

C , Anthony, 197. 

C , Arthur Jr., 197. 

C , Nathaniel, 219. 

C , William, 63. 



D 



Daken, John, 112. 
Damariscotta, 81, 83, 84, 96, 138. 

River, 211, 272. 
Danford, David, signed petition 
for Wiscasset, 245, 319. 

Danforth. Mr. , 287. 

Dartmouth, 266. 

Davis, , 39. 

Benjamin, signed Kennebec pe- 
tition, 219. 
Elisha, gave information con- 
cerning Indians, 124. 
James, signed Wells petition, 

268. 
Roland, signed New Casco peti- 
tion, 219. 
Day, Ebenezer, signed Fryeburg 
petition, 14. 
James, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 196. 



Day, continued. 
Joshia, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 197. 
Moses, signed Fryeburg peti- 
tion, 14. 
Stephen, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 197. 

De Pain, Mons., 230. 

Dearing, William, chainbearer, 32. 

Decker, John, signed Kennebec 
petition, 196, 278. 
John 2nd, signed Kennebec pe- 
tition, 195. 

De Lancey, Lt. Gov. James, 361. 

De Loutre, , 337. 

Dennis, John, 119. 

Denny, , (Justice), 225. 

Samuel, house attacked, 93; 
letters of, 82, 93, 94; men- 
tioned, 102, 142, 143, 268, 314, 
345. 

Deny, Sieur Nicholas, his descrip- 
tion of America, used to prove 
a boundary, 181. 

Deschamp, Monsieur, 266. 

Dewee, Robert, negro and inter- 
preter, 234, 235. 

Diamond, Benjamin, to be de- 
tained, 421. 
James, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, IMS. 

Dingley, Joseph, signed Falmouth 
petition, 312. 

Dollars, 42. 

Donnell, Nathaniel, signed Kenne- 
bec petition, 197, 212. 
Thomas, signed Phillipstown 
petition, 179. 

Dorghty, David, signed Kennebec 
petition, 197. 

Douglass, James, signed Kennebec 
petition, 196. 

Dover, England, 41. 

Downe, Wendel, paid, 116, 118. 

Dowse, Joseph, signed Kennebec 
petition, 194. 

Doyle, James, signed Kennebec 
petition, 196. 

Dresser, Jonathan, signed for peti- 
tion for Fryeburg, 14. 

Drumond, Patt, signed Kennebec 
petition, 194. 

Dugles, Elisha, signed Falmouth 
petition, 811. 

Dummer, Gov. William, 225, 297, 
298, 299, 301. 

Dun, John, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 198. 

Dunham, Jeremiah, signed peti- 
tion for Phillipstown, 179. 



472 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Dunile, Nathaniel, one of the com- 
mittee to divide Kittery, 31. 

Duning, \ David, 93, 135, 136, 185, 

Dunning, / 194, 242, 243, 246, 365, 
370, 371, 374, 378, 379. 
James, discouraged men from 
enlisting, 85; signed the Ken- 
nebec petition, 196. 
Robert, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 196. 

Dunlap, John, signed Kennebec 
petition, 196. 
Robert, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 196. 

Dunton, Timothy, signed Wiscas- 
set petition, 51, 319; signed 
Kennebec petition, 198. 

Duquesne, General, the Marquis, 
228. 

Durant, Jno., 112. 

Dutch, the, 266, 419. 

Dwight, Brigadier, , 162, 163. 

Joseph, Speaker, 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 9, 
31. 

D , Ezra, signed Kennebec 

petition, 196, 258. 

D , Joseph, signed Kennebec 

petition, 196. 



E 



Eaten, Abel, signed Kennebec 
petition, 212. 

Edgar, Henry, signed Kennebec 
petition, 258. 

Elett, James, signed Kennebec pe- 
tition, 196. 

Eliot, Andrew, signed Kennebec 
petition, 196. 

Em , Daniel, 14. 

Emblem, Join or Die, 262, 264. 

Emery, Caleb, 204. 
Noah, 204. 
Samuel, 268. 

Emons, Samuel, 65. 

England, 22, 29, 40, 45, 76, 184, 
186, 276, 325, 361, 363, 430, 436. 

English, the, captives still with 
Indians, 6, 8, 60, 106, 135, 153, 
154, 163, 177, 190, 191, 202; 
the Kennebec a water carriage 
for, 51; St. Castine desired to 
be in the interest of, 122, 123; 
Indians would live at peace 
with, 127; to be careful about 
firing at Indians, 142, 158; the 
right to St. Lucia doubted, 
180, 182; the French hold no 
prisoners taken from, 191; 
basis of their claim to the 



English, the, continued. 

Kennebec Valley, 223, 224, 
231, 248, 298, 299; lost trade 
with Indians, 239, 252, 298; 
gall'd by the French, 239; 
Indians not to look for as- 
sistance from, 247; fears that 
the Indians will attack, 247, 
248; a rendezvous for the 
enemies of, 249; Indians not 
to grant lands to, 251; losses 
in the west, 263; Indians to 
join, 263, 302; Indians against, 
279; Indians gare permission 
to build forts, 299; desired 
the Indians to send children to 
Boston schools, 300, 301; In- 
dians to report intended hos- 
tilities to, 302, 303; want land 
not lives, 304, 805; should be 
left to strike first, 805; French 
induced Indians to desert, 331, 
332; did Indians have an op- 
portunity to warn, 336; two 
regiments of, needed, 354; de- 
signs of the French against, 
355; settlers in Pennsylvania 
may not favor, 358; should es- 
tablish a line of forts, 360; In- 
dians urged to strike, 862, 363; 
mentioned, 127, 156, 259, 293, 
298, 302, 306, 415, 427, 429. 

Erskin, Alexander, signed Kenne- 
bec petition, 195. 

Erskins, Kingun, signed Kennebec 
petition, 198. 

Escarbot, see Lescarbot. 

Essex County, 34, 35, 173. 

Evans, David, signed Fryeburg pe- 
tition, 14. 
John, signed Fryeburg petition, 
14. 

Ewing, Alexander, signed Kenne- 
bec petition, 196. 
Joseph, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 196. 

E , signed Kennebec petition, 

195. 

E , Simon, signed Kennebec 

petition, 195. 



P 



Fairfield, Capt. , 27, 35. 

Falls of St. Louis, 249. 

Fall-Town, 330, 411. 

Falmouth, militia to go to, 7, 8; 
seaport for Fryeburg, 11; 
Joseph Frye sought assistance 
in, 11, 12; home of Thomas 



INDEX 



473 



Falmouth, continued. 

Westbrook, 17; second parish 
of, desired to be a township, 
18, 174, 311; no school in sec- 
ond parish, 19; to answer peti- 
tion of second parish, 19; com- 
mittee to consider petition, 19, 
20; second parish incorporated, 
20, 21, 174, 17">; answer of first 
parish, 47, 48; objections to 
separation, 48 ; home of Domin- 
icus Jordan, 66; alarm to be 
sounded at, 88 ; home of Joseph 
Wise, 96; New Casco desired 
to separate from, 217; warned 
to appear in town meeting, 

226, 227; New Casco set off, 

227, 228; Indians to meet at, 
261, 297, 320, 321, 327; Shirley 
to meet Lithgow at, 278; called 
Maigan, 305; Rev. Allen died 
at, 311; Shirley advised to re- 
main at, 325; Shirley met Win- 
slow at, 326; ship dismissed 
which carried the governor to, 
327; Freeman's vessel detained 
at, 400; boats sent to Richmond 
from, 405; mentioned, 15, 18, 
24, 48, 65, 90, 139, 148, 154, 163, 
173, 174, 219, 227, 254, 286, 292, 
308, 325, 327, 370, 383, 396, 401, 
459. 

Great Bridge, 175. 

Petition of Second Parish, 18, 

310. 
Town House, 226, 227. 
Farell, Daniel, signed St. Georges 

petition, 99. 
Farington, John, signed Fryeburg 
petition, 14. 
Stephen, signed Fryeburg peti- 
tion, 14. 
Farnom, \ Ebenezer, signed Frye- 
Farnum, J burg petition, 14. 
Joshua, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 258. 
Ralph, one of the committee to 
divide Kittery, 31. 

Farrar , 200. 

Fauset, Alexander, signed Fal- 
mouth petition, 311. 
Feathers, 115. 

Fernald, Harkles, signed Kittery 
petition, 133. 
Nathaniel, signed Kittery peti- 
tion, 133. 
Tobias, signed Kittery petition, 
133. 
Field, Zachariah, signed New Casco 
petition, 219. 



Finney, Robert, signed Brunswick 
petition, 154. 

Fire-locks, 390. 

Fisheries, 22, 37, 428, 430. 

Fitch, Col. , 283. 

Flag, see Colors. 

Flagg, Gershon, 194. 

Flan, John, 198. 

Fletcher, Lieut. , 414. 

Thomas, letters of, 74, 75, 76 
136, 137, 362, 391; mentioned! 
140, 459. 

Flint, Capt. William, 281. 

Folger, Mr. , 412. 

Foot, Thomas, signed Kennebec 
petition, 212. 

Fore River, 20, 49. 

Forster, James, signed the Kenne- 
bec petition, 196. 

Forts, need repairing, 232, 233, 
284; to be repaired, 237, 253; 
built by the French, 238, 239, 
293; ammunition sent to, 248; 
to be built on the Kennebec 
River, 251, 320, 321, 327; French 
at Kennebec River, 252; those 
of the French to be examined, 
259, 260, 262; captured by the 
French, 262; French to build 
in the west, 263; French to 
build near Richmond, 27«; to 
curb the Indians, 279, 280, 295, 
297, 298, 299, 303, 322, 324; 
Indians displeased because one 
was built, 294, 301; to be built 
at Cushnoc, 323; officers of to 
correspond with governors, 
325; to be provided for, 330; 
those who fortified their 
houses to be reimbursed, 330; 
the government to be kept in- 
formed of the conditions of, 
335, 345; French object to, 337; 
to be kept ready for an attack, 
338, 339; the needs at Fort 
Halifax, 340, 341, 343, 344; 
those erected by the French to 
be attacked, 351; at Louis- 
bourg being repaired, 852; new 
batteries at Halifax, 356, 357; 
French to establish a line of, 
357; English should establish 
a line of, 360; how to improve 
one at Richmond, 367, 369, 370 
372, 387, 389, 392, 393, 396, 398, 
404, 417, 447, 448; small quar- 
ters at Halifax, 405; arms 
needed at St. Georges, 419, 
420; number of men to be re- 
duced, 445, 447. 



474 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Fort at Beausejour, 456. 

at Brunswick, 153, 410. 

at Charlemont,410. 

at Colerain, 410. 

at Crown Point, 182, 240, 252. 

at Cushenoc, 308, 410, 441). 

at Fall Town, 410. 

at Falmouth, 383, 384. 

at Frankfort, 450. 

at Gaspereau, 453. 

at Georgetown, 82, 93. 

at Greenfield, 411. 

at Mohongehela, 262. 

at New Castle, 399. 

at Northfield, 411. 

at Pemaquid, 203, 410. 

at Pontoosuck, 410. 

at Richmond, 82, 87, 88, 91, 102, 
128, 157, 158, 159, 1G0, 202, 223, 
231, 233, 234, 242, 243, 240. 247, 
253, 278, 293, 295, 297, 312, 320, 
321, 328, 329, 341, 343, 3C4, 3G5, 
373, 390, 395, 396, 410. 

at Saco, 410. 

at St. Georges, 71, 74, 75, 76, 78, 
79, 84, 89, 98, 99, 124, 128, 136, 
137, 138, 139, 140, 147, 157, 161, 
233, 278, 295, 290, 303, 402, 410, 
414, 420, 453, 461. 

at St. John's River, 156, 436, 443, 
445.' 

at Schiegnecto, 353, 354. 

at Taconnett, 308, 322, 334, 448. 

Castle William, 183, 207, 253. 

Cumberland Camp, 443, 453. 

Dummer, 166, 184, 185, 186, 187, 
188, 189, 208, 410. 

Edward, 440. 

Frederick, 79, 138, 164, 234, 410. 

Halifax, 52, 53, 236, 323, 326, 328, 
329, 335, 336, 338, 339, 340, 341, 
342, 343, 344, 365, 306, 367, 370, 
371, 372, 374, 377, 378, 380, 381, 
382, 383, 385, 386, 389, 390, 392, 

394, 395, 396, 397, 398, 402, 403, 
404, 405, 410, 412, 413, 417, 444, 
447, 449, 450, 451, 452, 455, 458, 
459, 460, 461. 

Lawrence, 355. 

Lucy, 35. 

Massachusetts, 166, 284, 410. 

Number Four, 166, 189, 241. 

Pelham, 284. 

St. Frederick, 228. 

Shirley, 284. 

Western, 312, 313, 323, 326, 329, 
341, 342, 343, 344, 345, 364, 365, 
366, 376, 381, 383, 386, 389, 391, 

395, 397, 402, 403, 444, 449, 450, 
461, 462. 



Foster, Isaac, signed Kennebec 
petition, 194. 
Richard, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 194. 
Thomas, 4, 414. 

Four River, 175. 

Fowler, Moses, 179. 

Fowles, Jacob, 421. 

Fox Islands, the, 75. 

Fox, Jabez, attorney for Mary 
Westbrook, 17; desired to stay 
proceedings in settling West- 
brook's estate, 17, 24, 25; why 
he took the Westbrook house, 
24; sold his land, 25; an ap- 
praiser, 67; a Kennebec pro- 
prietor, 176; signed Kennebec 
petition, 194; petition of, 16; 
mentioned, 58, 227, 228. 
Jas., signed answer of Falmouth, 

49. 
Jonathan, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 194. 

Foy, Robert, signed petition of 
Wiscasset, 51; signed Kenne- 
bec petition, 198. 

France, 73, 76, 154, 180, 190, 191, 
209, 250, 325, 354, 356, 357, 433, 
446, 453. 

Frank, Mr. , 39. 

Frankfort, 235, 246, 247, 248, 271, 
273, 277, 318, 320, 393, 409, 447, 
450, 451, 452, 460. 

Frankland, Sir Harry, 28. 

Franklin, Benjamin, letter of, 262. 

Freas, John, signed petition of 
Kennebunk, 65. 

Freeman, Mr. , 400. 

Maj. Enoch, letters of, 24, 139, 
154, 162, 306; mentioned, 17, 
44, 58, 89, 90, 308, 383. 

French, the, held captives, 6, 8, 9, 
60, 106, 135, 153, 163, 177, 190, 
191, 192, 302; may treat with 
the Cagnawagas, 6; held In- 
dian captives as slaves, 36; 
claimed the Kennebec Valley, 
40, 52, 180, 182; a proposed 
protection against, 53; sent 
settlers to Penobscot, 73, 77; 
report not true, 75; Saunders 
to prevent their settling or 
trading, 76, 134; to be watched 
by Colville, 77; may be insti- 
gating Indians, 78; to receive 
captives, 101; designs against 
Cecanecto, 124; may settle 
near Bay of Fundy, 124; other 
designs of, 124, 125, 134, 263, 
266, 355; at Le Chock, 128, 



INDEX 



475 



French, the, continued. 

134; may prevent peace with 
Indians, 128; at Frenchman's 
Bay, 130; at St. John's River, 
150; in pursuit of Indians, 156; 
claimed St. Lucia, 180, 182; 
use works of Deny, Leat and 
Lescarbot to prove boundary, 
181; may take Fort Dummer, 
189; held Crown Point, 189, 
240; said all prisoners had 
been returned, 191; humanity 
of, 192 ; encroachments of, 209, 
237, 238, 239, 240, 240, 247, 248, 
249, 250, 251, 252, 203, 293, 297, 
352, 350, 358, 363, 455, 457; se- 
cured the interest of the In- 
dians, 238, 239, 247, 251, 278; 
in better condition than the 
English, 238, 251; gall'd the 
English, 239; Acadia lost by 
and restored to, 239, 240; a 
menace to the English, 24U, 
248, 350, 359; in command of 
Indians, 247, 206; disguised as 
Indians, 247, 293; instigated 
Indians, 248, 250, 362, 303; 
ordered to leave the Kennebec 
Valley, 248, 249, 251, 280, 293; 
the fort of to be examined, 
259, 200, 262; Ward surren- 
dered to, 262; Indians and 
English against, 263; in the 
west, 263, 266; on English ves- 
sels, 265; sent ammunition and 
supplies to the Indians, 266, 
293, 331, 428, 429, 439; to build 
fort on the Kennebec, 278, 279, 
293, 320; their influence over 
the Indians, 294, 295, 296; In- 
dians to prevent further settle- 
ments of, 301 ; to be removed, 
320, 350, 359, 360, 442, 443, 446; 
underhanded work of, 321, 331 ; 
prevented the Indians attend- 
ing the conference, 321; no 
settlement found of, 325, 328; 
influenced Indians, 329, 330, 
331; priest sent belt, 331; the 
influence to be stopped, 331; 
will not begin hostilities, 337; 
objected to fort on the Kenne- 
bec, 337; lost a fine ship, 338; 
purchased captives, 338; to 
attack Fort Halifax, 338; their 
forts to be attacked, 351, 359; 
design to encroach on English 
territory, 352, 353, 354, 355; 
should be attacked first, 352; 
depended on Indians, 352; on 



French, the, continued. 

the Ohio, 352; to attack Schieg- 
necto, 353; want land, 353; 
present strength of, 354, 355; 
Acadians will declare for, 355; 
may hold New England, 350, 
359; line of circumvallation, 
356, 357; may gain all the In- 
dians, 357; will establish aline 
of forts, 357; may influence 
slaves, 358; may be masters 
of the continent, 359; urged 
the Indians to strike the Eng- 
lish, 362, 363; Freeman would 
not trade with, 400, 401; ca]>- 
tured Ward's schooner, 407; 
have a fleet at the eastward, 
421, 426, 431, 433, 445; did not 
assist the enemy, 423, 438; not 
responsible for what others 
did, 423; want the privilege of 
transporting, 424; want their 
guns, 424, 426; submissive, 
426; insolent, 426, 427, 428, 
431, 446; had more privileges 
than the English, 427, 42S; 
undutiful, 428; assisted the 
enemy, 428, 429, 439; refused 
to take the oath, 431, 432, 433, 
438, 439, 440, 441, 442, 445, 440; 
Acadians treated as French 
subjects, 433; penally for not 
taking the oath, 433, 439, 442; 
to send new delegates to Hali- 
fax, 433. 440; tied from St. 
John's River, 430, 443, 445; 
troops at Louisbourg, 430; did 
not take arms against the 
English, 438; retired to Can- 
ada, 443; kept as prisoners, 
445, 453; Indians gone to 
assist, 401 ; mentioned, 54, 109, 
123, 134, 154, 150, 238, 242, 2 18, 
251, 200, 292, ^90, 297, 298, 303, 
307, 323, 324, 325, 327, 330, 352, 
357, 359, 360, 361, 366, 369, 370, 
382, 385, 434, 435, 436, 439, 450. 

French Boundary Commission, 180, 
181, 182. 

Frenchman's Bay, 130. 

Frontiers, distressed condition of 
the, 92. 

Frost. Mr. , 401. 

Charles, 49. 
James, 110. 
John, 179, 205, 206. 
Simon, 60, 144. 
Thomas, 194. 

Frye, Capt. , 224. 

Col. , 262. 



476 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Frye, continued. 

Maj. , 326. 

Joseph, petition of, 10; to settle 
a new township, 10; built 
roads, 10, 11, 12; sought assist- 
ance in Falmouth, 11, 12; de- 
sired governmental help, 13. 
Joseph Jr., signed Fryeburg 

petition, 14. 
Simon, signed Fryeburg peti- 
tion, 14. 

Fryeburg, settled by Joseph Frye, 
10; road needed and built at, 
10, 12, 14; distance from Phil- 
lipstown, 10; fifty families at, 
11; distance from Falmouth, 
11; the nearest seaport, 11, 12; 
desired help from the govern- 
ment, 13; petition of, 13. 

Fullertown, William, signed Ken- 
nebec petition, 199. 
William Jr., signed Kennebec 
petition, 199. 

Furs, 416. 

F , J., signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 277. 



G 



Gachell, see Gatchell. 

Gage, Capt. , 291. 

Gamble, , 402. 

Archbald, 402. 

Gammon, Joseph, signed Falmouth 
petition, 312. 

Gardiner, Dr. Sylvester, a Kenne- 
bec proprietor, 53, 176; signed 
Kennebec petition, 194, 211; 
mentioned, 235, 337. 

Gardner, Maj., 15, 16. 

Garey, John, signed Phillipstown 
petition, 179. 

Garrisons, see under Forts. 

Gaspereau, 453. 

Gatchel, "> John, signed petition 

Gachell, J for frontiers, 93; letter 
of, 161, 162; signed Kennebec 
petition. 197, 198, 278; men- 
tioned, 85. 
John Jr., signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 197. 
Stephen, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 197. 

Geleson, Nathaniel, signed Kenne- 
bec petition, 197. 

George II, 174, 203, 297, 298, 441. 

Georges Island, 446. 

Georgetown, 49, 50, 82, 93, 211, 
212, 213, 220, 221, 244. 

Germans, 41, 42, 47. 



Germany, settlers from, 28, 29, 41. 

Gerrish, Mr. , 292. 

James, signed Berwick petition, 

144, 146. 
Jno., letters of, 33,34. 
William, signed Berwick peti- 
tion, 144, 146. 
Gilmor, James, signed Kennebec 
petition, 258. 
William, signed Kennebeo peti- 
tion, 258. 
Gilpatrick, John, signed Kenne- 

bunk petition, 65. 
Giveen, 1 David, signed Sheepscot 
Given / petition, 63; signed Ken- 
nebec petition, 196, 
James, signed Sheepscot peti- 
tion, 63. 
Robert, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 196. 
Glidden, Charles, signed Kennebec 

petition, 198. 
Gloucester, petition of the people 

of, 149. 
Godfrey, Benjamin, signed New 

Casco petition, 218. 
Godsoe, John, 131, 133. 
Gold pieces, 418, 419. 
Goldthread, 112. 
Goldthwait, Ezekiel, 283. 
Goodwin, Abiel, deposition of, 
345, 346. 
Edward, 211. 
Ichabod, 110, 317. 
John, signed Kennebec petition, 

194. 
Miles, signed Kennebec peti- 
tions, 196, 277. 
Samuel, signed Kennebec peti- 
tions, 194, 277; memorial of, 
270, 274; letter of, 460; men- 
tioned, 211, 262, 318, 320, 459. 
William, letter of, 174. 
Gordon, Henry, signed Fryeburg 

petition, 14. 
Gordy, John, signed Kennebec 

petition, 258. 
Gore, the, 3. 
Gorham, 54, 56, 200, 275. 

Capt. , 71. 

Mrs. 72. 

Col." John, 6o', 71, 74. 
Goud, Daniel, signed Kennebec 
petition, 277. 
Jean George, signed Kennebec 
petition, 277. 
Gounon, R., letter of, 304, 306. 
Gouve, Ebenezer, signed Wiscasset 
petition, 51, 319; signed Ken- 
nebec petition, 196. 



INDEX 



477 



Grace, James, signed Kennebec 

petition, 194. 
Grammar Schools, 19, 49. 
Grand Pre, 60. 

Granaries of the west, the, 359. 
Grant, Andrew, signed Kennebec 
petition, 195. 
Elijah, signed Kennebec peti- 
tions, 195, 258. 
Ephiram, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 195. 
James, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 195. 

Gray, , 271. 

Andrew, selectman of North 

Yarmouth, 88. 
Daniel, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 198. 
Frances, signed Wiscasset peti- 
tions, 51, 319; signed Kenne- 
bec petition, 277. 
George, signed Wiscasset peti- 
tions, 51, 245; signed Kenne- 
bec petitions, 196, 278. 
James, signed Wiscasset peti- 
tion, 51. 
John, signed Wiscasset peti- 
tions, 51, 245, 320; signed 
Kennebec petitions, 195, 198, 
258. 
Joseph, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 212. 
Joshua, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 197. 
Moses, signed Wiscasset peti- 
tion, 51; signed Kennebec x>eti- 
tions, 196, 278. 
Greagg, Thomas, signed petition 

for St. Georges, 99. 
Great Ossapee River, 10. 
Great Sebaskadegon, 3. 
Green, Benjamin, 422, 433, 434, 

435, 437, 440. 
Greenfield, 411. 

Greenleaf, Col. John, 19, 20, 205, 
291, 316, 376, 401, 413. 
Joseph, signed Kennebec peti- 
tions, 198, 258. 
Richard, signed Kennebec peti- 
tions, 198,258; signed Wiscas- 
set petition, 319. 
Samuel, signed Kennebec peti- 
tions, 198, 258; signed Wiscas- 
set petition, 319. 
Stephen, signed Kennebec peti- 
tions, 197, 258. 
Gridley, Isaac, 114. 
Groves, William. 271. 
Gulf of Mexico, 356. 
Gulf of St. Lawrence, 239. 



Gunnison, Elihu, 32, 150, 151. 

John, 32. 
Gunter, T., 42. 
Custin, David, signed Kennebec 

petition, 198. 
G , Robert, signed Sheepscot 

petition, 03. 
G , Stephen, signed Kennebec 

petition, 198. 



H 



IIai.ey, Saml., signed petition for 
Kittery, 133. 

Halifax, 25, 27, 28, 39, 42, 43, 45, 

46, 47, 71, 72, 266, 351, 357, 363, 

367, 421, 426, 433, 435, 440, 441, 

444 ? 445, 447, 455. 

Covernor's House, 122, 433, 434, 

435, 437, 439. 
Lord, 182. 

Hall, Mr. , 4, 7, 224, 457. 

Cornelius, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 198. 
Samuel, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 195. 

Hallowell, Benjamin, signed Ken- 
nebec petition, 53, 17<i. 

Ham, Tobias, signed Kennebec 
petition, 196. 

Hamilton, Mr. , 71. 

Lieut, and Capt. John, 59, 60, 
337. 

Hancock, Mr. , 258, 453. 

Thomas, a Kennebec proprie- 
tor, 53, 176; signed Kennebec 
petition, 194, 211. 

Hanscom, Moses, signed Falmouth 
petition, 311. 
Moses (Senior), signed Fal- 
mouth petition, 311. 

Harlow, Eleazer, signed Kennebec 
petition, 194. 

Harmon, Capt. John, 165. 

Herring, John, signen Kennebec 
petition, 195. 

Harris, John, signed Kennebec 
petition, 277. 

Hart, J. J., clerk, 110. 

Harward, George, signed Kenne- 
bec petition, 194. 

Hatch, Samuel, signed Wells peti- 
tion, 268. 

Hatfield, 127. 

Hay, English, 34:5, 364, 369, 383. 

Hayley, Martyn, signed Kennebec 
petition, 194. 

Hazen, Richard, 128. 

Healey, John, signed petition for 
Kittery, 133. 



478 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Heath, Col. , 4, 20. 

Hebberd, Zaclieus, signed Kenne- 
bec petition, 258. 
Hells Gate, 257. 

Henderson, Capt. Thomas, letter 
of, 137; mentioned, 27, 28, 43, 
74, 75. 
Henshaw, Joshua, 270. 
Herdie, Samuel, signed Kennebec 

petition, 195. 
Hewey, James, signed Kennebec 

petition, 107. 
Hiler, Jacob, signed St. Georges 

petition, 100. 
Hill, Elisha, 110. 

John, report of, 284; mentioned, 

54, 59, 270, 401, 414. 
Nathaniel, signed Wells petition, 

263. 
Robert, 111, 113, 114. 
Hilton, Moses, signed Kennebec 
petition, 198. 
William, signed Wiscasset peti- 
tion, 51; signed Kennebec 
petition, 195; signed Wells 
petition, 267. 
Hinkley, Ebenezer, signed Kenne- 
bec petitions, 194, 212. 
Edward, captured, 161. 
Gideon, captured, 161. 
Isaac, captured, 161. 
Samuel, signed Kennebec peti- 
tions, 194, 198. 
Shubel, signed Kennebec peti- 
tions, 194, 212. 
Hiscock, John, signed Kennebec 

petition, 198. 
Hobbs, Humphry, desired land, 5, 
6; petition of, 5; petition 
granted, 54, 56; grant to, 
amended, 56; mentioned, 200, 
281. 
Hobbstown, 409. 

Hobson, Capt. , 20. 

Hocomoc Point, 257. 
Hodg, ) Henry, signed Sheepscot 
Hodge, ) petition, 63. 
James, signed Sheepscot peti- 
tion, 63; signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 196. 
Robert, signed Sheepscot peti- 
tion, 62. 
William, signed Sheepscot peti- 
tion, 63. 
Hodgkins, Moses, signed Kennebec 
petition, 212. 
Philip, signed Kennebec peti- 
tions, 197, 212. 
Hodsden, Joseph, signed Kenne- 
bec petition, 196. 



Holbrook, Richard, signed Wiscas- 
set petition, 51, 245, 319. 
Samuel, secretary, 7, 9, 19, 20, 
37, 54, 55, 69, 92, 129, 133, 146. 

Holderness, Earl of, 183, 209, 292, 
337, 350. 

Holdin, Thomas, signed St. Georges 
petition, 100. 

Holland, 29, 39, 41, 47. 

Holmes, Ann, 163. 

Holt, Benjamin, signed Phillips- 
town petition, 179. 

Honowell, see Hunewell. 

Hooman, Henry, signed Wiscasset 
petition, 51. 

Hooper, Robert, signed Kennebec 
petition, 196; signed Wiscas- 
set petition, 245. 

Hooten, Richard, 419. 

Hopes, , 29. 

nopkins, David, signed Sheepscot 
petition, 63. 
William, signed Sheepscot peti- 
tion, 63. 

Hopson, Governor, 294. 

Horses, 104. 

Hosdon, Stephen, signed Kennebec 
petition, 195. 

Houdelette, Charles Estienne, 
signed Kennebec petition, 278. 

How, Caleb, 4. 

Howard, Lieut. James, signed Ken- 
nebec petition, 195; letters of, 
312, 376. 
John, signed Kennebec petition, 

195. 
Jonathan, signed Wiscasset peti- 
tion, 51. 
Samuel, signed St. Georges peti- 
tion, 99; signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 195. 

Hubbard, John Heard, signed 
Wells petition, 268. 
Samuel, deputy secretary, 136. 
Thomas, bill paid, 112. 
Thomas, speaker, 20, 21, 31, 54, 
55, 66, 68, 69, 92, 95, 103, 121, 
122, 123, 125, 126, 129, 130, 133, 
134, 135, 136, 172, 175, 199, 201, 
213, 219, 220, 221, 224, 233, 235, 
241, 256, 270, 280, 283, 290, 312, 
316, 317, 332, 333, 334, 401, 408, 
411, 412, 413, 414, 419, 454, 457. 

Hudson's River, 330. 

Hughes, , watchmaker, 32. 

Humphry, Thomas, signed Kenne- 
bec petition, 198. 

Hunaford, Thomas, signed New 
Casco petition, 219. 

Hunewell, Israel, signed Kennebec 



INDEX 



479 



Hunewell, Israel, continued. 

petition, 198; signed Wiscas- 

set petition, 320. 
Hunt, John-, signed New Casco 

petition, 210. 
Capt. Adam, 242, 243, 24G, 3G5, 

370, 371, 374, 378, 37!). 
Huper, Robert, signed Wiseasset 

petition, 51. 
Hurons, the, 240. 
Hussey, Joseph, signed Kennebec 

petition, 198. 
Huston, James, signed Kennebec 

petition, 195. 
William, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, i9o. Caleb 

Hutchings, jQJi*ri^s, petition of, 
405; discharged, 406, 407. 
Benjamin, signed Kittery peti- 
tion, 133. 
Enoch, signed Kittery petition, 

133. 
John, signed Kittery petition, 

133. 
Thomas, signed Kittery petition, 
133. 
Hutchinson, Thomas, signed Ken- 
nebec petition, 198; letter of, 
35; mentioned, 5, 8, 24, 32, 92, 
95, 122. 
Hutchinson's Point, 257. 

H , Isaac, 197. 

II , Robert, 310. 

II n, Mr., 45. 



Ielley, Tiios., signed Kennebec 
petition, 195. 

Inches, Capt. , 202. 

Indians, the, to send delegates to 
Boston, 2, 81, 8G, 94, 103, 127, 
215, 225; to treaty elsewhere, 
2; concerning trade with, 2, 3, 
9, 21, 69, 101, 102, 111, 121, 225, 
239, 252, 208,312; not satisfied 
with the treaty, 4; captives in 
the hands of, 6, 8, 60, 02, 94, 
101, 105, 106, 135, 147, 148, 153, 
154, 157, 163, 164, 177, 100, 101, 
221, 222, 229, 230, 231, 232; in- 
terview with desired, 6; pri- 
vate trade with restrained, 0; 
peace concluded with, 15, 21; 
plotting mischief with priests, 
26; killed Proctor, 26; desired 
an armourer, 30, 31; killed by 
Albee, 34, 35; uncertain if they 
will attack settlements, 36; in- 
fluenced by instruments, not 



Indians, the, continued. 

of their color, 36; held as 
slaves by the French, 36; cap- 
tured Hamilton, 50, 60; why 
they will not release captives, 
60; pleased with the sloop, 70; 
intercourse with strengthens 
friendship, 70; to be brought 
to Boston, 72; at Penobscot, 
74, 80, 83, 84; to capture fort 
at St. Georges, 74; the French 
may instigate, 78; gone to 
Sheepscot, 80; desired peace 
with the English, 81, 443, 445; 
raids on Richmond and Swan 
Island, 82, 84, 87, 88, 01, 104, 
16,3, 221; attacked fort at 
Georgetown, 82; emissaries 
from Canada stir up trouble, 
83, 84, 01, 94; soldiers in pur- 
suit of, 85; men hesitate about 
going against, 85; militia to 
go against, 88, 89; near Mar- 
blehead, 89, 90, 173; killed 
cattle at Brunswick, 00; car- 
ried away captives, 02, 105, 106; 
at Parker's Island, 93; killed 
at Wiseasset, 94; hostility to 
those near Canada, 94; re- 
turned to Canada, 101; killed 
the county's oxen, 102; took 
prisoners at Sheepscot, 106; 
costs of presents for, 112; 
would live at peace with the 
English. 127; report that they 
are on a raid, 136, 137, 139, L40; 
the friendly to keep away, 141; 
may have gone to Nova Scotia, 
141; money to he distributed 
among. 142; the English to he 
careful in attacking. 142, 158; 
captured boys, 147, L48; 
tracked, 147; killed oxen in 
North Yarmouth, 147; raids 
on Brunswick and Shee: 
153, 161, 162, 163, 164, 461; 
killed Burnel, 154, 157; gave 
belt to governor of Canada, 
156; the French seeking, 156; 
ready to make treaty, 156, 160, 
170; did not keep the treaty, 
557; must return the stolen 
children, 157; fears that they 
will break with the English, 
150, 247; to be watched, 158, 
150, 160,161; hard to reconcile 
the conduct of, 160, 161; prep- 
aration for treaty set bade, 
160; brought treaty to fort, 
161; to attack St. Georges, 166; 



480 



DOCUMENTARY HISTOKY 



Indians, the, continued. 

because of small-pox the treaty 
deferred, 179, 180, 215; cap- 
tured prisoners against advice 
of the governor, 191; the 
French not accountable for 
acts of, 191; the French ran- 
som prisoner from, 192; none 
held as prisoners in Canada, 
192; own no authority, 192; 
presents for, 201; object to 
settlements, 223, 224, 231; in- 
tended interview with, 224, 225, 
231, 232, 261; killed at Montin- 
icus, 236, 295, 309; in the in- 
terests of the French, 238, 239, 
247, 251, 278, 295; trade exten- 
sively with the French, 239, 
252; the French may influence 
the Six Nations, 240; gave the 
French liberty to hunt, 247; 
pretence of, 247; the French 
sent ammunition to, 247, 266, 
293; may fall upon the English, 

247, 293; artifice of priests, 
247; instigated by the French, 

248, 250; six companies to be 
raised, 248; not to grant land 
to the English, 251; have no 
respect for the government, 
251; to be curbed, 252, 328; 
met at Kennebec River, 260, 
261 ; to meet at Falmouth, 261 ; 
sent encouragements to the 
English, 263; will not molest 
the Dutch, 266; designs against 
the English, 266, 267; met Gov. 
Shirley, 287, 320, 321, 827; 
speech at Albany, 288; greeted 
new comers, 288, 289; asked 
to a conference, 294, 296; a 
fort disagreeable to, 294; 
French keep them from con- 
ference, 295, 321; influenced 
by the French, 294, 295, 296, 
329, 330, 331; want blood 
wiped away, 295, 309; raid of, 
296, 302; the most powerful 
tribe of, 296; vessel sent for, 
296, 300; at the conference, 297; 
fort to protect, 298; had but 
little trade with the English, 
298; gave the English permis- 
sion to build forts, 299; asked 
to send children to English 
schools, 300, 301; satisfied 
with the conference, 300, 301; 
to inform the English of in- 
tended hostilities, 302; hostil- 
ities in New Hampshire, 309, 



Indians, the, continued. 

310; trade at Fort Richmond, 
312, 313; a fort to intercept, 
322; gave false information, 
325; consented to new settle- 
ments, 327; influenced by sol- 
diers, 327; place of rendezvous, 
328; curbed, 328; to be kept 
dependent, 328, 329; the 
French sent supplies to, 331; 
a priest sent to, 331; raid on 
Taconnet, 333, 334; their 
treachery gave a new aspect, 
334; raid near Fort Halifax, 
335; which tribes were con- 
cerned in the raid, 336; gath- 
ering for war, 337; to kill 
Picost, 338; captured Johnson, 
338; to attack Fort Halifax, 
338; to do scouting, 340; the 
French depend on, 352; the 
French may govern all, 357; 
can be influenced by forts, 360 ; 
urged to strike the English, 
362, 863; gave intelligence of 
proposed attack on St. 
Georges, 391, 392; Penobscots 
will not join in the attack, 391 ; 
not to be trusted, 392, 395, 402; 
raid at Frankfort, 393, 396; 
knew the weakness of the Eng- 
lish, 894; raid of, 1750, 395; 
near New Castle, 399; brought 
intelligence of intended attack 
on Broad Bay, 399; raid near 
St. Georges, 402; the Penob- 
scots, treacherous, 402; war 
declared against, 408; peace 
with the Penobscots, 408; 
asked to join the army, 408; 
scouts to intercept, 414; as 
they decrease wild animals 
increase, 424, 430; assisted by 
the French, 428, 429, 439, 456; 
about one hundred inclined to 
peace, 443, 445; prisoners with 
Monckton, 443, 453; took pris- 
oners at Frankfort, 450, 451; 
to confer, 454; hesitated about 
peace, 453; scalped at St. 
Georges, 453; killed a man 
near Gaspereau, 453; gone to 
assist the French, 456, 461; 
mentioned, 7, 25, 53, 69, 98, 
102, 104, 110, 119, 123, 124, 127, 
149, 150, 154, 162, 165, 200, 213, 
215, 216, 222, 223, 236, 242, 259, 
260, 270, 272, 273, 279, 284, 291, 
294, 301, 303, 308, 323, 324, 328, 



INDEX 



481 



Indians, the, continued. 

330, 351, 352, 366, 367, 370, 385, 
392, 413, '420, 429, 436. 
Indians, Canadian, 101, 137, 140, 
191, 201, 202, 246, 330, 362, 395; 
see also Indians, French. 
Cape Sable, 279. 

Eastern, 21, 34, 60, 71. 103, 107, 
223, 225, 231, 232, 296, 297, 301, 
328, 329, 332, 384, 408. 
French, 161, 232, 263, 295, 296; 
also called Indians, Canadian. 
Friendly, 141, 248. 
River, 288. 

St. Johns, 266, 279, 391, 394. 
Seigneurie, 249. 
Ingalls, Samuel, signed Fryehurg 

petition, 14. 
Ingersoll, David, 163. 

William, 219. 
Instructions to Saunders, Capt. 

Thomas, 76. 
Interpreters to be retained, 233, 

234, 235. 
Ireland, settlers from, 28, 29, 39, 

42, 44, 46, 104. 
Irish, the, 42. 
Iron works, 36. 
Iroquois, the, 249. 
Islands of Canceau, 181. 



Jack, Joseph, signed Kennebec 
petition, 196. 

Jackson, Henry, signed Falmouth 
petition, 311. 
Solomon, signed Falmouth peti- 
tion, 312. 

Jacobites. 358. 

Jacobs, Benjamin, signed Wells 
petition, 268. 

Jamaica, 357. 

James, William, signed St. Georges 
petition, 99. 
William Jr., signed St. Georges 
petition, 99. 

Jameson, Robert Jr., signed Fal- 
mouth petition, 311. 

Jaremy Squam, | 45> 

Jeremy Squam, J 

Jean, George, signed Kennebec 
petition, 277. 

Jeffries, David, a Kennebec pro- 
prietor, 176, 211; signed Ken- 
nebec petition, 194. 

Jemeson, Paul, signed Falmouth 
petition, 311. 
Robert, signed Falmouth peti- 
tion, 312. 



Jenkins, David, signed Kennebec 

petition, 197. 
Jesuits, 156, 160, 161, 231, 249, 250, 
294, 296, 305, 321, 329, 331, 363. 
Johnson, James, signed Kittery 
petition, 133; captured, 338; 
mentioned, 363, 364. 

Capt. John, 281, 408. 

Samuel, signed Kittery petition, 
133. 

William, signed Kennebec peti- 
tions, 198, 212. 
Johnston, James, signed Kenne- 
bec petition, 198. 
Join or Die, 262, 264. 
Jones, Cornelius, signed Kennebec 
petition, 198. 

Ephraim, attorney, 200. 

John, Kennebec proprietor, 176, 
211 ; signed Kennebec petition, 
194. 

Jonas, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 277. 

Jonathan, 200. 

Michael, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 195. 

Richard, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 195. 

William, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 195. 

William Jr., signed Kennebec 
petition, 195. 
Jonquiere, Gov. Jaques Pierre 
Taffand, Marquis de la, dead, 
190; exchanged prisoners, 191 ; 
objected to taking prisoners, 
191. 
Jordan, Clement, to settle estate 
of Dominicus Jordan, 66, 68; 
heir of Dominicus Jordan, 66, 
67; signed Falmouth petition, 
312; answered Cushlng's peti- 
tion, 276. 

Dominicus, his estate to be set- 
tled, 65, 66, 67, 68; his heirs, 
66, 67; executed a will, 254, 
256. 

Dominicus Jr., to settle his 
father's estate, 66, 67, 68; an 
heir, 66, 67; opposed to Eze- 
kiel Cushing, 256; answered 
dishing, 274, 276; signed the 
Falmouth petition, 312. 

James, signed Falmouth peti- 
tion, 311. 

James Jr., signed Falmouth 
petition, 312. 

Jeremiah, signed Falmouth peti- 
tion, 312. 



31 



482 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Jordan, continued, 

Jeremiah (tartus), signed Fal- 
mouth petition, 312. 

Joanna, 276. 

Mrs. Joanna, widow of Domini- 
cus, 67; her share in her hus- 
band's estate, 67. 

John, heir of Dominicus, 67; 
signed Kennebec petition, 197; 
signed Falmouth petition, 312. 

John Jr., signed Falmouth peti- 
tion, 311. 

Nathaniel, heir to Dominicus, 
66, 67, 68; opposed to Cush- 
ing, 256; answered Cushing, 
276; signed Falmouth petition, 
312. 

Noah, signed Falmouth petition, 
312. 

Richard, signed Falmouth peti- 
tion, 312. 

Robert, heir of Dominicus, 67. 

Robert Jr., heir of Dominicus, 
67; signed Falmouth petition, 
311. 

Samuel, heir of Dominicus, 67; 
signed Falmouth petition, 312. 

Samuel, Jr., signed Falmouth 
petition, 312. 

Stephen, signed Falmouth peti- 
tion, 311. 

Thomas, signed Falmouth peti- 
tion, 312. 
Joy, David, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 277. 

Thomas, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 212. 
Judges, the Plough, 32. 
J , Jonathan, signed Phillips- 
town petition, 179. 

K 

Keaff, Corneales, signed Ken- 
nebec petition, 197. 

Kedney, Daniel, signed petition for 
St. Georges, 99. 

Keen, Joseph, signed Kittery peti- 
tion, 133. 
Nathaniel, signed Kittery peti- 
tion, 133. 

Kehoret, 122. 

Kelley, Samuel, signed Kennebec 
petition, 198. 

Kelloch, David, signed St. Georges 
petition, 99. 
Finla, signed St. Georges peti- 
tion, 99. 
John, signed St. Georges peti- 
tion, 99. 



Kellogg, Joseph, his bill paid, 119. 

Kendall, Benjamin, signed Kenne- 
bec petition, 195. 
Ralph, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 195. 

Kennebec, 138, 322, 327. 

Proprietors, memorial of, 51; 

petitions of, 176, 193. 
Purchase, protected by the Eng- 
lish, 52; distance from Boston, 
52; proposed to lay out four 
townships in, 52. 
River, 40, 51, 52, 53, 96, 106, 125, 
176, 180, 181, 182, 193, 210, 211, 
221, 223, 224, 231, 235, 242, 246, 
247, 248, 249,"250, 251, 257, 258, 
259, 260, 261, 266, 276, 277, 280, 
286, 292, 293, 295, 297, 299, 300, 
303, 320, 321, 322, 325, 327, 328, 
330, 337, 351, 354, 355, 361, 391, 
396, 398, 412, 415. 

Kennebunk, set off from Wells, 61, 
64, 68; supported their own 
minister, 64; built a meeting 
house, 64; objected to helping 
support minister in Wells, 65; 
petition of the people of, 63. 

Kennebunk River, 61, 64, 68, 177. 

Kennedy, James, signed Sheepscot 
petition, 62. 
Samuel, signed Sheepscot peti- 
tion, 63; signed petition for 
the Frontiers, 93. 
William, signed Sheepscot peti- 
tion, 62, 63. 

g^'} David, 200. 

Elisba, signed Wiscasset peti- 
tions, 51, 245, 320; signed Ken- 
nebec petitions, 195, 277. 
Isaac, signed answer to Sheep- 
scot petition, 215. 
Thos., signed Wiscasset petition, 
245. 

Keppell, Commodore , 361. 

Kilbe,| Mr> 26 33 

Kilby, / 

Christo, 46. 
Kilgore, Benjamin, signed Frye- 
burg petition, 14. 
Joseph, signed Fryeburg peti- 
tion, 14. 

Killeran, Capt. , 307. 

Kilpatrick, Tho., signed petition 
for St. Georges, 99; letter of, 
419. 
Kimball, Benjamin, signed peti- 
tion of Wells, 268. 
Nathaniel, signed petition of 
Kennebunk, 65. 



INDEX 



483 



Kimball, continued. 

Richard, signed petition of Frye- 
burg, 14; signed petition of 
Kennebunk, 65. 
Thomas, signed petition of Ken- 
nebunk, 65. 

Kincaid, Naphtali, signed petition 
of Kennebec, 277. 
Saml., signed petition of Wis- 
casset, 320. 

King, Edward, ensign, 88, 147. 

Kinnicon, John, signed petition of 
Wiscasset, 320. 

Kittery, to be divided, 31; Rev. 
Newmarch to be supported at, 
31; committee to attend to the 
division of, 31, 32; Richard 
Cutts to attend the General 
Court, 32; boundary of, 41; 
lower parish incorporated, 68; 
bounds of the new parish, 69; 
to support their own minister, 
69; third parish set off, 131, 
132; trouble over ministry 
land, 132, 167; the first parish 
summoned, 133, 152, 107; Pep- 
perrell to make answer for, 
150; hearing postponed, 152; 
answer to petition of the third 
parish, 166, 171; divided into 
three parts, 167, 168; Caleb 
Hutchings, constable of, 406; 
tonnage tax on ships at, 406; 
the selectmen mistook the 
law, 407, 408; petition of, 131; 
mentioned, 14, 21, 45, 104, 131, 
165, 167, 171. 

Knight, Enos, 200. 

George, signed New Casco peti- 
tion, 218. 
Stephen, signed Fryeburg peti- 
tion, 14. 
William, signed New Casco peti- 
tion, 219. 

Knowles, Gov. , 207. 

Korday, William, signed Kennebec 
petition, 197. 

K y, Mr. , 45, 46. 



La Ciiasse, Father, 249. 

Le^hock } River ' 128 ' 129, 134, 
La Corne St. Luc, Monsieur, 229, 

230. 
Laet, Joannes de, his Novus Obis 

used to prove a boundary, 181. 
Lamb, Ja., 112. 



Lambert, , dead, 28. 

Robert, signed Wiscasset peti- 
tion, 51,320; signed Kennebec 
petition, 195, 271, 277. 
Sheribiah, signed Wiscasset peti- 
tion, 51; signed Kennebec peti- 
tions, 199, 277. 
Lammon, John, signed Kennebec 

petition, 212. 
Lamson, Nathl., signed Kennebec 

petition, 244. 
Land Bank, the, 38. 

Lane, , paid for measuring, 111. 

, son of Capt. Lane, 373. 

Capt. John, desired to command 
at Pemaquid, 203; letter of, 
202; mentioned, 373, 379, 381. 
Lankester, Daniel, signed Kenne- 
bec petitions, 196, 197, 258. 
Elihu, signed Kennebec petition, 

197. 
Joseph, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 194. 
Nathan, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 258. 

Larmond, Mr. , 402. 

John, signed Kennebec petition, 
195. 
Larrabce, Nathaniel, signed Ken- 
nebec petition, 194. 
Stephen, signed Kennebunk peti- 
tion, 65. 
Lauverjat, Father, 249. 

Lawrence, Maj. , 4. 

Lieut. Gov. Charles, of Nova 
Scotia, letters of, 484,445,455; 
mentioned, 350, 351, 353, 356, 
360, 361, 422, 425, 437, 440, 441, 
443, 444, 453, 457. 
Leach, James, signed Falmouth 
petition, 811; signed petition 
for Kittery, 133. 
Lebanon, 409, 420. 
Leeman, Ebenezer, signed Kenne- 
bec petition, 198. 
John, signed Kennebec petition, 
198. 
Legonier, Sir John, 207. 
Leighton, Tobias, 110. 
Leissner, C. C, letter to, 398; let- 
ter of, 399. 
Lemons, Benj., signed Kennebec 

petition, 212. 
Leneken, Daniel, signed Kennebec 
petition, 199. 
Joseph, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 199. 
Lermond, Alexander, signed St. 
Georges petition, 99. 



484 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Lescarbot, Marc, his Historic used 

to prove a boundary, 181. 
Letters of, 
Allen, James, 38. 
Averell, Job, 150. 
Beal, Josiah, 400. 
Berry, Capt. George, 458. 
Bradbury, Capt. Jabez, 80, 104, 

155. 
Burton, Benj., 402. 
Chute, Thos., 89. 
Cushing, Ezekiel, 65, 90, 148, 39G. 
Denny, Samuel, 82, 93, 94. 
Fletcher, Thomas, 74, 75, 76, 136, 

137, 362, 391. 
Franklin, Benjamin, 262. 
Freeman, Enoch, 24, 139, 154, 

162, 396. 
Gatchel, John, 161. 
Gerrish, Jno., 33. 
Goodwin, Capt. Samuel, 460. 
Gounon, R., 304, 306. 
Hamilton, Capt. John, 337. 
Henderson, Thos., 137. 
Howard, Lieut. James, 312, 376. 
Hutchinson, Thomas, 35. 
Killpatrick, Tho., 419. 
Lane, John, 202. 
Lawrence, Lieut. Gov. Charles, 

434, 445, 455. 
Leissner, C. C, 399. 
Litbgow, Capt. William, 101, 201, 

340, 364, 374, 380, 387, 391, 393, 

402, 416, 446, 449, 461. 
Little, Henry, 398. 
Longueil, Charles le Moyne, 190, 

191. 
Monckton, Robert, 443, 453. 
Morris, Capt. Charles, 266. 
Moulton, Col. Jer., and others, 

142. 
Nikels, Alex., 140, 386. 
North, John, 138, 164. 
North Yarmouth Selectmen, 87. 
Oulton, John, 84, 138, 147. 
Pepperrell, H., 14. 
Pepperrell, Sir Wiliam, 103, 165, 
Phipps, Lieut. Gov. Spencer, 73, 

77, 78, 81, 83, 84, 86, 87, 88, 97. 

126, 141, 157, 158, 159, 160, 179, 

186, 215. 
Phipps, William, 77. 
Proctor, Chas., 25, 45. 
Ramley, Mattheys, 390. 
Robinson, T., 285. 
St. Castin, Joseph de Badis, 121, 

122, 123. 
Sherriff, William, 59, 70. 



Letters of, continued. 

Shirley, Gov. William, 180, 206, 
241, 242, 243, 245, 258, 259, 260, 
261, 264, 265, 286, 293, 308, 335, 
339, 344, 363, 377, 379, 385, 397, 
398. 

Sparhawk, N., 45, 46. 

Stevens, Phineas, 108. 

Waldo, Francis, 15. 

Wendell, Jacob, 162. 

Wheelwright, Jno., 225. 

Wheelwright, Nathaniel, 228. 

Willard, Josiah, 34, 71, 72, 105, 
106, 107, 108, 127, 142, 166, 235, 
236, 290, 292, 306, 307, 421. 

Williams, Eph. 'Jr., 32. 

Winslow, Isaac, 27, 29, 39, 41, 
43, 46. 
Lewis, Andrew, signed petition 
for Kittery, 133. 

Daniel, signed petition for St. 
Georges, 100. 

Thomas, signed petition for Kit- 
tery, 133. 

Yar., signed petition for St. 
Georges, 100. 
Lime, 26, 27, 43, 47. 

Lincoln, Col. , 287. 

' Benjamin, 316, 334, 458. 
Linnaken, Benjamin, signed Ken- 
nebec petition, 199. 

Charles, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 199. 
Linscot, Ichabod, signed Kenne- 
bec petition, 195. 
Lithgow, Capt. William, letters of, 
101, 201, 340, 364, 374, 380, 387, 
391, 393, 402, 416, 447, 449; 
mentioned, 71, 80, 86, 87, 111, 
112, 113, 114, 118, 137, 138, 142, 
157, 158, 159, 160, 161, 223, 235, 
236, 248, 253, 259, 278, 313, 334, 
335, 336, 339, 344, 377, 379, 385, 
386, 395, 396, 397, 402, 413, 444, 
455, 459, 460, 461. 
Little, Capt. , 56. 

Henry, signed Sheepscot peti- 
tion, 63; signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 195; letter of, 398. 
Little Jabez Island, 219, 227. 
Little Ossapee River, 10. 
Littlefield, Eliab, signed Wells 
petition, 268. 

Isaac, signed Wells petition, 268. 

James, signed Wells petition, 
268. 

Jeremiah Jr., signed Wells peti- 
tion, 268. 

John Jr., signed Wells petition, 
268. 



INDEX 



485 



Littlefield, continued. 
Jonathan, signed Wells petition, 

268.. 
Joseph, signed Wells petition, 

268. 
Samuel, signed Kennebunk peti- 
tion, 65. 

Livermore, Capt. , 217. 

Liverpool, 27. 

London, 15, 21, 23, 27, 33, 34, 37, 
38, 45, 46, 103, 180. 
Board of Trade, 183. 
New England Coffee House, 33. 
St. James Street, 180, 206. 
Whitehall, 285. 
Long Island, 50, 245. 
Long, Thomas, signed St. Georges 

petition, 100. 
Longfellow, Stephen, 226, 227, 228. 
Longueil, Gov. Charles le Moyne, 

2nd baron, letter of, 190, 192. 
Loran, 156. 
Lord, John, 110. 

Nathan, 110. 
Louis, 122, 123. 

Louisbourg, 28, 58, 104, 165, 238, 
239, 264, 265, 352, 355, 356, 359, 
361, 400, 401, 406, 407, 434, 436. 
Low, Eph.. signed Phillipstowu 
petition, 178. 
John, signed Phillipstowu peti- 
tion, 179. 
Lowcl, William, 225, 226. 
Lumber, 22, 26, 27, 28, 36, 43; see 

also Timber. 
Lumbers, Saml. , captured by In- 
dians, 161. 
Lumbert, Joshua, signed Kenne- 
bec petition, 197. 
Lunenburg, 266. 
Lydius, Col. John H., 127, 128, 228, 

230. 
Lynde, Benjamin, 37, 241. 
Lynde's Island, 257. 

M 

McCartek, John, signed St. 
Georges petition, 99. 

McCleland, William, signed Sheep- 
scot petition, 63; signed Ken- 
nebec petition, 196. 

McClyr, William, signed St. 
Georges petition, 100. 

McCobb, Samuel, signed Kennebec 
petition, 198. 

McCordy, John, signed St. Georges 
petition, 100. 

McCoye, John, signed Kennebec 
petition, 278. 



McFaden, James, signed Kennebec 
petition, 198. 
James Jr., signed Kennebec 
petition, 198. 
McFadin, Capt., 313. 

John, signed Kennebec petition, 
198. 
McFarland, Andrew, signed Ken- 
nebec petition, 199. 
Ephraim, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 198. 
John, signed Kennebec petitions, 

195, 198. 
John Jr.. signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 195. 
Joseph, signed the Kennebec 

petition, 277. 
Walter, interpreter, 233, 234, 
235. 
McGlotten, George, signed the 

Kennebec petition, 194. 
McGuthery, Robert, signed the 

Kennebec petition, 195. 
Mackentir, ) John, signed the St. 
Mi Intyer, /Georges petition, 99. 
Joseph, signed the Kennebec 

petition, L97. 
Robert, signed the St. Georges 
petition, 99. 
McKenney, ) Daniel, signed the 
.Me Kinney, /Kennebec petition, 
198. 
George, signed the Kennebec 

petition, 198. 
Matthew, signed the Kennebec 

petition, 198. 
Thomas, signed the Wiscasset 
petition, 319. 
McKown, John, signed the Ken- 
nebec petition, 198. 
McLane, Chad., 200. 

Robert, 245. 
McMillan, John, 14. 
McNear, John, signed the Kenne- 
bec petition, 196. 
McNeff, William, signed the Ken- 
nebec petition, 197. 
McPhetres, John, signed the Ken- 
nebec petition, 196. 
Matken, Tarrance, signed the 

Kennebec petition, 197. 
Mackentir, see Mclntyer. 
Mackney, Henry, signed the Fal- 
mouth petition, 312. 
Macon, Abner, 393. 
Macworth's Island, 219, 227. 
Madamock, ) 9 _ „r qr> 
Madomock, H''*' 
Maddock, John, signed petition of 
Kennebunk, 65. 



486 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Maigan, 305, 30G. 

Main River, 20, 48. 

Maine, Province of, 250. 

Malbon, Daniel, signed the Kenne- 
bec petition, 277. 

Malcom, Allen, signed the Kenne- 
bec petition, 195. 
Lieut. John, signed Kennebec 
petitions, 196, 197; mentioned, 
380, 386. 
Michael, signed the Kennebec 

petition, 195. 
William, signed the Kennebec 
petition, 196. 

Mallett, John, signed the Kenne- 
bec petition, 196. 

Man, Gideon, deposition of, 147. 

Manson, Saml., signed Eittery 
petition, 133. 

Manufacture of gun locks, 415. 

Map of sea-coast, 130. 

Marble, James, 200. 

Marblehead, 173, 421. 

Mariner, Joseph, 256. 

Marks of, 
Alexander, William, 197; Aston, 
John, 197; Beath, Walter, 199; 
Bennett, Andrew, 198; Borks, 
John, 65; Brewer, James, 198; 
Brewer, James Jr., 199; Buber, 
Joseph, 194; Burke, John, 197; 
Calwell, George, 198; Chap- 
man, John, 277; Clark, George, 
198; Cobee, R., 196; Coffea, 
John, 311; Comes, Silvanus, 
197; Coins, Wm., 194; Cornish, 
John, 197; Cromwell, Joshua, 
197; Day, Josiah, 197; Day, 
Stephen, 197; Dugles, Elisha, 
311; Dun, John, 198; Dunlap, 
Robert, 196; Dunton, Timo- 
thy, 198; Erskin, Alexander, 
195; Erskin, Kingun, 198; 

E , Simon, 195; Flan, John, 

198; Forster, James, 196; Gel- 
eson, Nathaniel, 197; Getchel, 
John, 198, 278; Gray, Frances. 
277; Gray, Joshua, 197; Hans- 
corn, Moses, 311; Harring, 
John, 195; Harris, John, 277; 
Hayley, Martyn, 194; Hilton, 
William, 195, 267; Hosdon, 
Stephen, 195; Hunewell, Israel, 
198; Hutchinson, Thomas, 198; 
Ielley, Thos., 195; Jack, 
Joseph, 196; Jones, Cornelius, 
198; Jordan, Stephen, 311; 
Keaff, Corneales, 197; Korday, 
William, 197; Lambort, Rob- 
ert, 267; Lambort, Sherrebiah, 



Marks of, continued. 

277; Lankester, Elihu, 197; 
Leneken, Joseph, 199; Linna- 
ken, Benjamin, 199; Linnaken, 
Clark, 199; Linscot, Icha- 
bod, 195; McCoye, John, 278; 
McFarland, Joseph, 277; Mc- 
Glotton, George, 194; McKen- 
ney, Daniel, 198; McNeff, 
William, 197; McKen, Tar- 
rance, 197; Mitchell, William, 
277; Murphey, Thomas, 195; 
Murry, Patrick, 198; Musterd, 
William, 196; Oliver, John, 
194; Onle, John, 197; Orr, 
John, 197; Parris, Amos, 278; 
Poor, Robert, 198; Rardaon, 
Timothy, 197; Reed, William, 
196; Sedgley, Robert, 197; 
Seward, John, 197; Sholders, 
Peter, 311; Spalding, John, 
277; Spied, John, 198; Stinson, 
James, 196; Storer, Thos., 
195; Thompson, Joseph, 197; 
Thornton, Cornelius, 198; 
Thornton. James, 198; Thorn- 
ton, Michael, 194; Wals, Pat- 
rick, 197; Whelan, Mathew, 

198; Young, James, 195; , 

George, 278; , John, 196. 

Marsdon, Samuel, signed the Ken- 
nebec petition, 277. 

Marston, John, 459. 

Marshall, William, signed Kenne- 
bec petitions, 198, 212. 

Martinique, 497. 

Martin, John, captured by Indians, 
153; ransomed, 163; signed 
the Kennebec petition, 196. 

Martyn, Capt. , 28. 

Maryland, 143, 206. 

Mascarene, \ Gov. Paul, of Nova 

Mascorreens, J Scotia, 160, 294, 368. 

Massachusetts Bay, Province of, 1, 
10, 17, 18, 48, 49, 52, 61, 63, 87, 
88, 91, 92, 100, 102, 111, 120, 
130, 131, 149, 151, 152, 155, 164, 
165, 166, 173, 175, 177, 184, 187, 
193, 119, 202, 203, 208, 211, 213, 
217, 243, 254, 267, 274, 281, 310, 
317, 336, 347, 400, 405, 419, 421, 
444. 

Masts, 97, 239; see also Timber. 

Mast men, 97. 

Mathews, John, signed Kennebec 
petition, 197. 

Maxell, John, signed Wells peti- 
tion, 268. 

Maxwell, Francis, signed Falmouth 
petition, 311. 



INDEX 



487 



Maxwell, continued. 

James, signed Falmouth peti- 
tion, 312. 

Patrick, signed Falmouth peti- 
tion, 312. 

William, signed Falmouth peti- 
tion, 312. 
Mayors, Alexander, signed Sheep- 
scot petition, 03. 

John, signed Sheepscot petition, 

63. , 

Means, Thomas, signed Kennehec 

petition, 195. 
Mecib, James, signed Kennebec 

petition, 212. 
Mecordy, signed the St. Georges 

petition, 100. . 

Meeting houses, to he built in new 
township, 57, HO; at New 
Casco, 218. 
Melancon, Fierre, 425. 
Melill, John, signed petition for 

St. Georges, 99. , , 

Meloon, Samuel, signed petition 
for Kennebec, 212. 
Samuel Jr., signed petition for 
Kennebec, 212. 
Melvin, Capt. Eleazer, 281. 
Memorials, of Goodwin, Samuel, 
270, 274; Hazzen, Richard, 
129- Kennebec proprietors, 51; 
Winslow, Col. John, 281, 282. 
Menis, see Minas. 
Merrill, Benjamin, signed New 
Casco petition, 219. 
James, signed New Casco peti- 
tion, 219. 
James Jr., signed New Casco 

petition, 219. 
John, signed New Casco peti- 
tion, 219. 
Joshua, signed New Casco peti- 
tion, 219. 
Nathaniel, signed petition for 

Fryeburg, 14. ... . x , 
Richard, signed petition for New 
Casco, 218. 
Merrimac River, 129, 189, 855, 411. 
Merry Meeting Bay, 211 221, 36o. 
Merryland Meadows, 1<7. 
Messages of, 

Honorable Board, the, 97. 
House of Representatives 134. 
Phins Lt. Gov. Spencer, 30, do, 
69 103, 124, 125, 128, 129, 134, 
216, 455. _ 

Shirlev. Gov. William, 4, 6, 7, 
2327278,281,282,283,290,333, 
334, 335; 336, 338, 302, 383, 384, 
413, 414, 415. 



Message to the Governor, 221. 
Metcalf, Jacob, signed the Wiscas- 

set petition, 51, 319. 
Mit macs, the, 453. 
Militia, see under Soldiers. 
Miller, James signed Kennebec 
petition, 198. 
Robert, signed Phillipstown peti- 
tion, 179. 

Milliken, Capt. , 401. 

Mills, 27, 35, 43, 190. 
Minas, 60, 165, 353, 354, 3o5, 422, 
425, 440, 442. 
Basin, 446. 
Ministry land in Kittery, 132, 107. 

Mi not, Col. , 287. 

James, 5, 133, 414. 
John, 154. 
Mississippi River, 357 
Mitchell, Benjamin, 147, 221, ^u, 
231, 232. . 

Christopher, signed petition for 

Falmouth, 312. 
Daniel, 147. 

John, 1, 05. oo . 

Miriam, wife of Robert, 66; heir 
of Dominicus Jordan, 66; sum- 
moned, 256. 
Robert, to settle estate of Domin- 
icus Jordan, 66, 67, 68; heir of 
Dominicus Jordan, 60, 67, 256; 
signed Falmouth petition, 311. 
Solomon, 147. 

William, signed petition for Ken- 
nebec, 277. 
Monckton, Lieut. Col. Robert, let- 
ters of, 443, 453; mentioned, 
352, 436. 
Monseag, 1 Bay 2 44, 257, 318. 
Moun Swag, j 

Montague, Capt. , 200. 

Montgumry, Robert, signed peti- 
tion for Kennebec, 19o. 
Robert Jr., signed petition for 

Kennebec, 195. 
William, signed petition for 
Kennebec, 195. 
Montinicus Island, 230. 
Montreal, 36, 190, 221, 228, 230, 
232, 338, 360. 

Mood, Mr. of Brunswick, 405. 

Moor, William, signed Kennebec 

petition, 199. 
Morris, Capt. Charles, letter of, 

Morton', James, signed petition for 
Kennebec, 198; mentioned, 
136. 

Mose Point, 02. 



488 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY" 



Mostyn, Rear Admiral, 434, 435, 
437, 439. 

Moulton, Daniel, signed petition 
for Phillipstown, 179; men- 
tioned, 144, 205, 346. 
Ebenezer, 110. 

Jeremiah (Col. and Hon.), to 
administer the estate of 
Thomas Westbrook, 17, 24; 
the petition of granted, 58, 
signed petition for Phillips- 
town, 179; letter of, 142; men- 
tioned, 17, 65, 66, 84, 92, 96; 
225. 

Mount Desert, 136. 

Mousam River, 61, 64, 68, 257. 

Muggeridge, Col. Benjamin, 242, 
243, 245, 246. 

Mugrage, Mr. , 85. 

Munmers, Valentin, signed peti- 
tion for Falmouth, 312. 

Murfey, \ Thomas, signed peti- 

Murphey, J tion for Kennebec, 195; 
signed petition for Wiscasset, 
319. 

Murray, Capt, , 422, 426, 430, 

483. 
Patrick, 198. 

Muscongus Island, 225. 

Muster Rolls, of the guards at In- 
dian treaty, 25; with Waldo 
in England, 27, 32; to be made 
up for extra days, 172; de- 
mands on Lithgow's, 419. 

Musterd, William, 196. 

M. , John, 63. 

M n, T., 45. 



N 



Nantasket, 15. 

Narantsaug, 304. 
Mission, 304. 

Narrows, the, 62. 

Naval Officer, the, 28, 

Neal, Thos., signed petition for St. 
Georges, 100. 

Neck, the, 48. 

Nelson, James, signed petition for 
Wiscasset, 50. 

Nenango, 262, 263. 

Nevers, Elisha, signed petition for 
Kennebec, 258. 
Phins., signed petition for Ken- 
nebec, 258. 

New Boston, 409. 

New Casco, 48, 217, 226, 227. 

New Castle, N. H., 136, 157, 210, 
387, 399. 



New England, 1, 
48, 61, 77, 91, 
152, 16G, 180, 
207, 208, 222, 
336, 350, 355, 
400, 419, 436, 
New Gloucester, 
New Hampshire, 
185, 186, 187, 
205, 208, 250, 
309, 313, 315, 
407. 



18, 22, 32, 33, 37, 
102, 125, 131, 151, 
182, 187, 202, 203, 
239, 266, 286, 328, 
356, 859, 360, 362, 
456. 
409. 

17, 143, 165, 184, 
188, 189, 190, 203, 
294, 295, 301, 302, 
347, 363, 384, 406, 



New Marblehead, 89, 90, 172, 173, 
174. 

New Meadows, 162, 164. 

New Plymouth, 51, 176, 193, 210, 
257, 276. 

New Store, the, 262. 

New Town, certificate of, 109. 

New York, City, 357, 416. 
Province of, 191, 209, 252, 357, 
363, 384. 

Newbury, 264, 265. 
James, signed petition for Ken- 
nebec, 198. 

Newfoundland, 22, 206. 

Newmarch, the Rev. John, of Kit- 
tery, 81, 69, 167, 170. 

Nichols, "I Capt. Alex , signed peti- 

Nikels, / tion for Sheepscot, 62, 
63; signed petition for the 
Frontiers, 93; signed petition 
for Kennebec, 195; letters of, 
141, 386; mentioned, 100, 141, 
156, 157, 242, 243, 246, 374, 398, 
459, 460, 461. 
Alex. Jr., signed petition for 

Kennebec, 195. 
James, signed petition for Sheep- 
scot, 63. 
John, signed petition for Ken- 
nebec, 195. 
Samuel, signed petition for 
Sheepscot, 63. 

Nicholson, , 240. 

Niles, Mr. , 317. 

Noble, Lazarus, 163, 164, 196, 221, 
230, 231, 232, 278. 
Mrs. Lazarus, 163. 

Norrantsuaniens, the, 304, 305. 

Norridgewock, 101, 142, 249, 298, 
302, 304, 309, 313, 322, 327, 328. 

Norridgewocks, the, 4, 86, 89, 94, 
101, 111, 140, 141, 142, 157, 158, 
159, 160, 161, 179, 201, 247, 248, 
249, 251, 278, 293, 294, 295, 296, 
297, 300, 301, 302, 304, 309, 313, 
320, 321, 322, 327, 336, 392, 394, 
395. 



INDEX 



489 



North, Capt. John, letters of, 138, 
104; mentioned, 226, 261. 

North Yarmouth, 3, 87, 88, 136, 
147, 148, 149, 154, 173, 185, 217, 
218, 219, 227, 269, 291. 

Northfield, 411. 

Norton, Lemuel, signed the Wis- 
casset petition, 319. 

Nouvelle Ecosse, 422, 425, 440. 

Nova Scotia, 72, 77, 124, 125, 126, 
141, 156, 160, 180, 181, 182, 209, 
210, 238, 239, 240, 250, 279, 294, 
350, 351, 354, 355, 359, 360, 421, 
422, 425, 440. 

Noyes, John, paid, 120. 
Nathan, signed petition for New 

Casco, 218. 
Nathaniel, signed petition for 

New Casco, 218. 
Saml., signed petition for New 
Casco, 219. 

Number Four, 338. 

N , signed petition for Phillips- 
town, 179. 



O 



Oak Island, 257 

Ohio River, 263, 303, 352, 356, 357, 
360. 

Oliver, Mr. , 287. 

Andrew, 5, 333, 334. 
John, signed Kennebec petition, 
194. 

O'Neal, John, signed Kennebec 
petitions, 197, 212. 

Oneidas, the, 331. 

Onondagas, the, 331. 

Oroh'quanghe, 331. 

Orr, John, signed petitions for 
Kennebec, 197, 199. 
Joseph, signed petition for Ken- 
nebec, 197; signed petition for 
the Frontiers, 93. 

Osborne, J., clerk, 3, 4, 317, 333. 

Osgood, Capt. Phineas, 281. 

Samuel, signed petition for 
Fryeburg, 14. 

Otis, Col. , 36. 

James, 8. 
John, 19. 

Ottaways, the, 263. 

Oulton, John, on the poor condi- 
tion of Fort George, 78; paid, 
119; letters of, 84, 138, 147. 

Oxen, killed by Indians, 90, 102, 
147, 148. 

O , Ephraim, signed petition 

for Kennebec, 194. 



— , John, signed petition for 
Kennebec. 198. 



Page, David, signed petition for 

Fryeburg, 14. 
Paine, Joseph, signed petition for 

Kennebec, 258. 
Pall, Daniel, reported raid of In- 
dians, 147, 148. 
Palmer, Thomas, signed petition 

for St. Georges, 99. 
Pananamoresqe, 304, 306. 
Panavanke, 121, 123. 
Pannaumpseqeins, the, 305. 
Paris, 180, 354. 

Parker, Lieut. Isaac, letter sent 
by, 109. 
Phinehas, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion. 198. 
Thomas, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 195. 
Parker's Island, 93. 
Parris, Amos, signed Kennebec 

petition, 278. 
Parry, Henry, signed Kennebec 

petition, 277. 
Parsons, Lawrence, signed peti- 
tion for St. Georges, 99. 
Phineas, letter of, 108. 

Partridge, Col. , 162, 241, 332. 

Mr. , 262. 

Olr., 268. 

Thomas, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 198. 
Passamaquoddy, 363. 
Paterson, Petter, signed petition 
for Sheepscot, 63. 

Patterson, , 418. 

John, signed petition for Sheep- 
scot, 63. 
Patteson, David, signed petition 
for St. Georges, 100. 
William, signed petition for St. 
Georges, 100. 
Peabody, Isaac, 200. 
Nathaniel Jr., 200. 
William, 200. 
Pearce, Stephen, 345, 347. 
Pearson, 409. 

Pearsontown, a road to be built 
from, 12; distance from Saco 
Falls, 12. 
Peckin, George, signed Kennebec 

petition, 277. 
Peirce, James, signed Wiscasset 
petition, 51. 
Joseph, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 195. 
Stephen, 205, 313, 314, 315. 



490 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Pelham, Mr. , 183, 200, 207. 

Pemaquid, 33, 80, 81, 203, 410. 
Pemberton, B., 28. 
Pennsylvania, 42, 263, 358. 
Penobscot, 2, 73, 74, 80, 83, 84, 122, 
142, 272, 304, 322. 
River, 75, 128, 180, 249, 250, 278. 
Penobscots, the, 4, 72, 77, 81, 83, 
84, 87, 89, 94, 102, 104, 105, 111, 
140, 141, 157, 158, 159, 160, 161, 
166, 179, 247, 294, 295, 296, 297, 
300, 301, 302, 305, 309, 320, 321, 
322, 328, 336, 362, 391, 392, 394, 
395, 402, 408, 454. 
Pentagoet River, 180, 182, 239, 250, 

355. 
Pepperrell, Lady, 16, 108. 
Andrew, 23, 32. 
H., letter of, 14. 
Col. William, deceased, gave bell, 

170. 
Sir William, arrived in London, 
103; to make answer for Kit- 
tery, 150, 151; trouble in his 
family, 151, 152; did not wish 
to serve, 151, 152; enlisted sol- 
diers, 165; his answer for Kit- 
tery, 166, 171; letters of, 103, 
165; petition of, 151; men- 
tioned, 2, 7, 8, 22, 23, 34, 44, 
45, 46, 50, 108, 125, 126, 159, 
203, 241, 244, 291, 307, 397, 403. 
Perce, John, signed Wiscasset pe- 
tition, 319. 
Percey, Arthur, signed petition 
for Kennebec, 199. 
Thomas, signed petition for 
Kennebec, 198. 

Perkins, , 35. 

Jacob, signed petition for Wells, 
268. 
Peterson, Peter, signed petition 

for Kennebec, 195. 
Petitions of, 

Averell, Isaac, 100. 

Berwick, 144. 

Blake, John, 444. 

Brunswick, 152. 

Curtis, Jacob and others, 1 

Cusbing, Ezekiel and wife, 254. 

Cushing, Thomas, 421. 

Falmouth Second Parish, 18, 310. 

Fox, Jabez, 16. 

Frye, Joseph, 10. 

Fryeburg, 13, 

Gloucester, 149. 

Hobbs, Capt. Humphrey, 5. 

Hutchings, Caleb, 405. 

Inhabitants of the Frontiers, 92. 



Petitions of, continued. 

Kennebec, people of, 63, 276. 

Kennebec proprietors, 176, 193, 
211, 257. 

Kittery, 131. 

Mitchell, John, 1. 

Molton, J., 58. 

New Casco, 217. 

Pepperrell, Sir William, 151. 

Phillipstown, 177. 

Plaisted, Joseph, 203, 205, 313. 

St. Georges, 98. 

Saunders, Capt. Thos., 171. 

Sheepscot, 61. 

Wells, 267. 

Whittemore, Samuel and others, 
100. 

Wiscasset, 49, 176, 243, 317. 
Pettengill, Joseph, signed petition 

for Fryeburg, 14. 
Phelan, John, signed petition for 

Kennebec, 196. 
Philadelphia, 29, 41, 262. 

Gazette, 262. 
Philbrook, Job, signed Kennebec 
petition, 197, 212. 

Jonathan, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 197, 212. 

Jonathan Jr., signed Kennebec 
petition, 212. 

Joshua, 212. 

William, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 198, 212. 
Phillips, Capt. , 103. 

Gen. , 466. 

Richard, 440, 441. 

Maj. William, granted and named 
a township, 178, 
Phillipstown, distance from Frye- 
burg, 10; desired to be incor- 
porated, 177; petition granted, 
178; town named, 178; disad- 
vantage of not being a town, 
178; petition of, 177; men- 
tioned, 58, 95, 96. 
Phipps, , 80. 

Danforth, 218, 227, 228. 

Farm, 257. 

Lieut. Gov. Spencer, 73, 77, 80, 

81, 83, 84, 86, 87, 88, 97, 126, 
141, 157, 158, 159, 160, 179, 186, 
215; letters of, 459; messages 
of, 30, 36, 69, 103, 124, 125, 128, 
129, 134, 135, 216, 455; speeches 
of, 21, 91, 177, 452, 453; men- 
tioned, 16, 18, 24, 31, 47, 49, 
60, 61, 63, 68, 69, 70, 74, 76, 78, 

82, 83, 86, 87, 88, 91, 92, 94, 96, 
97, 98, 100, 101, 102, 103, 108, 



INDEX 



491 



Phipps, Lieut. Gov. Spencer, con- 

123, 129, 130, 131, 134, 13G, 137, 
138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 144, 146, 
147, 148, 149, 151, 154, 155, 164, 
165, 166, 172, 175, 177, 190, 192, 
193, 199, 201, 202, 210, 211, 213, 
229, 312, 421, 444, 449, 454, 458, 
459, 460, 461. 
William, letter of, 79. 

Physician, a, needed at Fort Hali- 
fax, 342, 392. 

Picort, a Canadian guide, 207. 

Picture of Royal Family, burnt, 
183; new ones desired, 207. 

Pierson, Capt. Moses, his petition 
granted, 54, 56; grant to 
amended, 56. 

Pigwacket, new township at, 10. 

Pines, 36. 

Piscataqua, 23, 309, 407. 
River, 408. 

Pisiquid, 353, 422, 425, 440, 441, 454. 

Pitts, James, a Kennebec proprie- 
tor, 56, 176, 211; signed peti- 
tion for Kennebec, 194. 

Plaisted, Joseph, one of the com- 
mittee to divide Kittery, 31; 
petition of, 313; answer to 
petition, 346. 
Joseph, 203, 204, 205, 314, 315, 
316, 346, 347, 376. 

Pleasant Point, 75, 419. 

Plommer, William, signed Fal- 
mouth petition, 312. 

Plough Judges, the, 82. 

Plume, Sir , 38. 

Plymouth Company, the, 322. 
Proprietors, the, 261, 273, 271, 

276, 318. 
Purchase, the, 318. 

Pochard, Abram, signed Kennebec 
petition, 278. 
N , signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 277. 

Pollard, Benj., signed Kennebec 
petition, 194. 

Pontoosuck, 410. 

Poor, Robert, signed Kennebec 
petition, 198. 

Pope, John, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 196. 
Richard, signed petition for Kit- 
tery, 133. 

Popkins, Jno., 112. 

Porter, Aaron, 39. 

Porterfield, Patrick, signed Fal- 
mouth petition, 312. 



Porterfield, continued. 

William, signed Falmouth peti- 
tion, 312. 
Portsmouth, 17. 
Ferry, 69. 
Ferry House, 69. 
Pote, Jeremiah, signed petition 
for New Casco, 218. 
William, memorandum of, 136. 
Potter, Alexander, signed petition 
for Kennebec, 196. 
James, signed petition for Ken- 
nebec, 196. 
Powers, Jonathan, 269. 

Preble, Col. , 236. 

Abraham, signed the Wiscasset 
rietition, 51; signed the Ken- 
nebec petition, 277. 
Jedediah, 227, 228, 339, 401. 
Presumpscot Mills, 154. 
River, 48, 217. 21!*, 227, 275. 

Price, Mr. , 310. 

Priests, 26, 245, 294, 20."), 331, 428. 
Proctor, Charles, letters of, 25, 45. 

Capt. Thomas, 402. 
Protestants, 107. 

Prout, Hannah, wife of Joseph, 66; 
heiress of Dominicus Jordan, 
66, 256. 
Joanna, 275. 

Joseph, to settle estate of Domin- 
icus Jordan, 66; heirof Jordan, 
66, 67, 256. 



Pumeroy, 



Benjamin, signed peti- 



tion for Kennebec, 197. 



Pumory, 
Pumury, 

Richard, signed petition for New 

Casco, 218. 
Richard Jr., signed petition for 

New Casco, 218. 
William, signed petitions for 
Kennebec, 196, 258. 
Purinton, \ David, signed Kenne- 
Purrenton, J bee petition, 212. 
Hezekiah, captured, 161; signed 

Kennebec petition, 212. 
Humphrey, signed Kennebec 

petition, 212. 
Humphrey Jr., signed Kennebec 
petition, 212. 
Putnam, Ezra, 200. 

Miles, 200. 
Pyncheon, Joseph, 7, 125, 133. 

P , Mr., 44. 

P , John Jacob, signed Kenne- 
bec petition, 277. 

P , Lemuel, signed Kennebec 

petition, 195. 
P , Capt. William, 281. 



492 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Q 

Quan Couk, 121, 123 
Quebec, 51, 229, 246, 249, 250, 303, 
322, 328, 337, 338, 350, 800, 303. 
Harbor, 338. 
Quincy, Mr. , 332. 

K 

Rackleff, William, signed peti- 
tion for Kennebec, 195. 

Ralle, Sabastian, 249. 

Ramley, Mattheys, letter of, 390. 

Rand, Jonathan Jr., signed peti- 
tion for Kennebec, 278. 

Rangers, see under Soldiers. 

Rardam, Timothy, signed Kenne- 
bec petition, 197. 

Reading, William, 421. 

Rease, Mr. , 26. 

Reed, Andrew, signed petition for 
Kennebec, 195, 199. 
David, signed petition for Ken- 
nebec, 185. 
John, signed petition for Ken- 
nebec, 196. 
Jonathan, signed petition, for 
Kennebec, 194 ; mentioned, 271. 
William, signed petition for Ken- 
nebec, 194. 
William (second), signed peti- 
tion for Kennebec, 196. 

Renay, Elisha Jr., signed petition 
for Kennebec, 245. 

Report of, Hill, John, 284. 
Pepperrell, William, 2. 

Rhode Island, 45, 46, 208, 384. 

Rice, Richard, signed petition for 
Kittery, 133. 
Samuel, signed petition for Kit- 
tery, 133. 

Richards, Humphrey, signed peti- 
tion for Falmouth, 312. 
Joseph, clerk, 7. 

Richardson, Benjamin, 215. 
Thomas, 215. 

Richmond, 3, 9, 71, 72, 81, 83, 84, 
85, 87, 88, 94, 103, 128, 138, 163, 
233, 234, 235, 253, 320, 321, 322, 
374, 375, 398, 405, 410, 447, 461, 
463. 

Rideout, Niklas, signed Kennebec 
petition, 198. 

Right, Capt. John, 258. 

Ring, Benj., signed petition for 
Kennebec, 212. 

River, Le Chock, 54. 

of Canada, 360, 422, 425, 436, 440, 
442; see also River St. Law- 
rence. 



River, continued. 
St. Johns, see St. Johns River. 
St. Lawrence, 77, 180, 182, 209, 
246, 247, 250, 295, 354, 360; see 
also River of Canada. 

Rives, Joseph, signed petition for 
St. Georges, 99. 

Roads, needed and built in Frye- 
burg, 10, 11, 12, 14; cost of, 11; 
expensive to maintain, 11, 12, 
13; from Pearsontown, 12; be- 
tween Cushenoc and Taconnet, 
323; between Forts Halifax 
and Western, 381. 

Roberts, Joseph, 215. 

Robertson, Charles, signed peti- 
tion for Kennebec, 196. 
Bryant, signed petition for Ken- 
nebec, 212. 

Robinson, Daniel, signed petition 
for Falmonth, 312. 
Haunce, signed petition for St. 

Georges, 100. 
John, signed petition for St. 

Georges, 100. 
Joseph, signed petition for St. 

Georges, 100. 
Moses, signed petition for St. 

Georges, 100. 
Moses, signed petition for St. 

Georges, 99. 
Thomas, 200, 285, 329, 350, 351, 
353. 

Robison, John, signed petition for 
Falmouth. 312. 

Rodgers, Patrick, signed petition 
for Kennebec, 195. 

Rogers, Lieut. , 373. 

Thomas, signed petition for Kit- 
tery, 133. 

Rollings, John, signed petition for 
Kennebec, 195. 

Roman Catholics, 358, 430. 

Ross, Capt. , 40, 43. 

John, taken prisoner, 153, 163. 
William, signed petition for 
Sheepscot, 62; taken prisoner, 
153, 163; signed petition for 
Kennebec, 196; mentioned, 
106, 397. 

Rouse, Capt. , 436, 443, 445. 

Rowell, John, signed Wiscasset 
petitions, 51, 319; signed the 
Kennebec petition, 196. 

Royal, Col. , 291. 

Rum, 44, 157, 374. 

Rumlet, I Nathaniel, signed peti- 

Rundlet, | tion for Wiscasset, 51; 
signed petitions for Kennebec, 
195, 277. 



INDEX 



493 



Russell, Judge , 91, 122, 125. 

Benjamin, signed petition for 

Fryeburg, 14. 
Rutherford, Robt., signed petition 

for St. Georges, 99. 
R , Timothy, signed petition 

for Kennebec, 198. 



Saco, 3, 89, 410. 
Falls, 12. 

River, 12, 96, 409, 420. 
St. Castine, Joseph de Badis, de- 
sired a vessel, 121, 122, 124; 
his letter considered, 122; in- 
vited to Boston, 122, 126, 127; 
no vessel for him, 123; letters 
of, 121, 122, 123. 
St. Croix River, the, 124, 130. 
St. Francois, 229. 
Indians, the, 95, 121, 123, 127, 
141, 142, 161, 166, 192, 249, 261, 
293, 385. 
River, 328. 
St. Georges, the limit of trading 
places with the Indians, 3, 9; 
an armourer needed at, 30; 
same sent, 31; supplied with 
settlers, 35; concerning set- 
tling Germans at, 47; settlers 
from Pennsylvania desired at, 
47; Indians to attack, 74, 362, 
363; ammunition needed at; 
79, 80; Indians at, 83, 84, 86, 
Col. Gushing to march to, 89; 
part of petitioned for assist- 
ance, 98; stores sent to, 335; 
the Indians near pretend 
friendship, 392; men in truck 
house at, 410; scouts to be 
sent from, 414; mentioned, 27, 
39, 41, 94, 103, 104, 128, 136, 
137, 138, 139, 155, 159, 160, 161, 
164, 172, 179, 215, 231, 295, 301, 
391, 461. 
Falls, 35, 36. 
Ford, 399. 

River, 35, 71, 77, 78, 96, 98, 105, 
157, 166, 296, 300, 301, 399, 409. 
Truck House, 410, 454. 
St. Johns, 363. 
Island, 238, 453. 

River, 122, 124, 155, 238, 239, 240, 

249, 252, 266, 350, 354, 356, 436, 

443, 445, 453. 

St. Lucia, Island of, 180., 181, 182. 

Salem, 34. 

Sam, Capt., , an Indian, 60, 71. 



Saunders, Capt. Thomas, sent east- 
ward, 2; reported that an 
armourer was needed, 30; to 
bring Indians from Richmond 
and St. Georges, 71, 72; to 
cruise in the east, 76; to watch 
the French, 76; can enlist men 
is necessary, 77; instructions 
to, 76; sent among Indians, 
160, 161; at Fort Frederick, 
164, 165; in command of the 
Massachusetts, 171; supplied 
forts, 171, 172; attended Lord 
Colvill, 172; brought delegates 
to Boston, 172; to make 110 
roll for extra pay, 172; carried 
supplies to Fort Halifax, ;!44; 
landed supplies at Arrowsie, 
365; to convey boats, 378; to 
bring back the province goods, 
395 ; bound for New York, 416 ; 
petition of, 171; mentioned, 
72, 76, 127, 129, 134, 225, 236, 
308, 399. 

Savage, Daniel, signed petitions 
for Kennebec, 195, 258. 
Edward, signed petition for 

Kennebec, 258. 
Isaac, signed petitions for Ken- 
nebec, 196, 258. 
James, signed petitions for Ken- 
nebec, 198, 258. 

Savages, see Indians. 

Saw Mills, 36, 149. 

Saward, John, 197. 

Savward, Jose pi 1, 110. 

Scalps, bounty for, 285, 409. 

Scammon, Hannah, 317. 
James, 317. 

Scanlin, John, signed petition for 
St. Georges, 99. 

Scarborough, 88, 175. 

Schiegnecto, 279, 352, 353, 354, 355. 

Schooduct, 136. 

Schools, 18, 19, 49, 50, 55, 57, 58. 

Schooners, see Vessels. 

Scott, Hugh, signed petition for 
St. Georges, 100. 
Joseph, 112. 

Scouts, 330, 340, 420. 

Seabury, Samuel, Justice of the 
Peace, 147. 

Seal Islands, the, 73. 

Sebago Pond, 54, 56. 

Sebasticook River, 321, 322. 

Sebooset, 122, 156. 

Sedgley, Robert, signed petition 
for Kennebec, 1!>7. 

Seney, Mitchel, signed petition for 
Wiscasset, 319. 



494 



DOCUMENTABY HISTORY 



Settlements on the frontier, a bar- 
rier, 61. 

Settlers wanted from Ireland and 
Germany, 28, 29, 41, 42; boun- 
ty for, 29; vessels kept for, 29; 
arrived, 35; government ex- 
pects to pay bounty for bring- 
ing, 39, 40; no bounty for, 41; 
from Pennsylvania and Hol- 
land, 47; Crellins to go to Hol- 
land for, 47; to be located near 
Fort Halifax, 52; under Hobbs 
and Pierson, 54, 55, 57; govern- 
ment requirements, 57, 59. 
deeds for, 57; French send to 
Penobscot, 73, 75. 

Sevey, Michell, signed petition for 
Wiscasset, 51. 

Sewell, , 39. 

William, signed petitions for 
Kennebec, 198, 258. 

Shackley, Samuel, signed petition 
for Kennebunk, 65. 

Shapleigh, John, signed petition 
for Kittery, 133. 

Sheepscot, petition of the people 
of, 61; desired to be incorpo- 
rated, 62; to be incorporated, 
63; boundaries of, 63; rumor 
that Indians will attack, 80; 
home of Israel Averil, 100; 
Indians took a prisoner at, 106 ; 
Indian raid on, 153; mentioned, 
138, 140, 156, 163, 210, 211, 461. 
Narrows, 50, 244. 
Eiver, 61, 62, 100, 211, 213, 214, 
272, 276. 

Sheffield, 163. 

Shepherd, John signed petition 
for Kittery, 133. 

Ships, see Vessels. 

Shirley, Gov. William, letters of, 
180, 206, 241, 242, 243, 245, 258, 
259, 260, 261, 264, 265, 286, 292, 
308, 335, 339, 344, 363, 377, 379, 

385, 397, 398; messages of, 4, 
6, 7, 232, 278, 281, 282, 283, 290, 
333, 334, 335, 336, 338, 362, 383, 
384, 413, 414, 415; message 
answered, 224; order of, 416; 
speeches of, 246, 254, 320, 350; 
warrant of, 336; mentioned, 
1, 4, 5, 9, 15, 24, 107, 108, 156, 
184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 217, 220, 
228, 235, 254, 257, 267, 268, 269, 
270, 274, 276, 280, 281, 285, 286, 
290, 292, 300, 307, 310, 313, 317, 
338, 346, 362, 364, 374, 376, 380, 

386, 387, 390, 391, 393, 397, 399, 



Shirley, Gov. William, continued. 
400, 401, 402, 405, 408, 411, 413, 
419, 441, 443, 444, 453. 
Shirreff, William, letters of, 59, 70; 
mentioned, 72, 73. 

Shirtleff, Capt. , 122. 

Sholders, Peter, signed petition 

for Falmouth, 311. 
Signatures, see Marks. 
Silver, worth more than bills, 28; 

amount in the treasury, 28. 
Silvester, Joshua, signed Wiscas- 
set petitions, 51, 245; signed 
the Kennebec petition, 196. 
Samuel, signed the Kennebec 
petition, 278. 
Simonton, George, signed the Fal- 
mouth petition, 312. 
Simpson, Henry, 203, 204. 

William, signed the Kennebec 
petition, 197. 
Sioto River, 263. 
Six Nations, the, 6, 9, 182, 240, 330, 

331, 357. 
Skins, sent as presents, 290. 
Skofield, Thomas, signed Kenne- 
bec petition, 197. 
Slaves, Indians held as, 36; bear 
arms, 357; uprisings of, 357; 
the French can instigate, 358. 
Sleater, John, signed petition for 

St. Georges, 100. 
Slooman, Henery, signed Wiscas- 
set petition, 320. 
Sloops, see Vessels, 401. 
Small, Mr., 131. 

Benjamin, signed petition for 
Falmouth, 311. 
Small Island, 257. 

Point, 236. 
Small pox in Boston, 179, 215. 
Small, William, signed petition 

for Falmouth, 312. 
Smart, John, signed petition for 
Kennebec, 196. 
Robert, signed petition for Ken- 
nebec, 196. 
Smith, Charles, signed petition 
for Kittery, 133. 
Ebenezer, signed petitions for 

Kennebec, 196, 258. 
Capt. Goodwin, 447, 452. 
Ichabod, 195. 
Capt. John, 447, 459. 
Joseph, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 196. 
Joshua, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 195. 
Nathaniel, signed petition for 
Fryeburg, 14. 



INDEX 



495 



Smith, continued. 
Townsend, signed petition for 

Kennebec, 195. 
William, signed petition for St. 
Georges, 100. 

Snell, John, signed petition for 
Kennebec, 194. 

Snow, Isaac, signed petition for 
Brunswick, 154; signed peti- 
tion for Kennebec, 197. 
John, signed petition for Kenne- 
bec, 197. 

Soldiers, part of them to be dis- 
missed, 7, 8; pay and subsist- 
ance of, 8; muster-roll of 
treaty-guard, 25; Proctor to 
have command of the Rangers, 
26; to be enlisted to do duty 
at Fort Halifax, 52, 53; to re- 
ceive land, 54, 56, 57, 58; 
established on the frontiers, 
69, 70; Saunders to enlist, 77; 
Bradbury to enlist, 81; more 
to be raised if needed, 86, 96, 
97, 280, 284, 294; militia to 
attack Indians, 88, 89; to be 
paid for defending the frontier, 
96; dishing to enlist, 158, 159, 
165; Lithgow to enlist, 161; 
needed at Fort Frederick, 164; 
Pepperrell to enlist, 165; Har- 
mon to enlist, 165; scouts out 
from the Connecticut to the 
Merrimac River, 189; at Fort 
Number Four, 189; reimburse- 
ment of pay to, asked for, 207, 
208; to be discharged, 241; 
Berry in command of indepen- 
dent companies, 242, 243; Vir- 
ginia forces, 262; to be paid 
in advance, 290; to remove 
French settlers, 320, 360 ; house 
to be built to lodge, 323; 
marched up the Kennebec, 
324, 328; sailed from Casco 
Bay, 326; discharged, 328; 
appropriations for desired 329, 
330; number of in the service, 
329; scouts to be maintained, 
330, 340, 409, 411, 420; en- 
camped at Bang's Island, 327; 
their influence at Casco, 327; 
attacked at Taconnet, 334; to 
be impressed, if necessary, 
336; to be recruited from Fort 
Halifax, 339; Indians to have 
the same pay as, 340; in poor 
condition, 340, 341, 365, 374; 
cannot do scouting, 340; to be 
raised to drive away the 



Soldiers, continued. 

French, 360; more needed at 
Fort Halifax, 365; run for, 374; 
their quarters to be improved, 
378, 380; independent com- 
panies desire constant pay, 
386, 387; Lithgow levied inde- 
pendent companies, 391, 392, 
394; invalids dismissed, 392; 
Gushing ordered to impress, 
393, 3G4; few at Fort Halifax, 
394,451; permitted to do their 
planting, 395; independent 
companies refuseed to guard 
stores, 396; schemes of inde- 
pendent companies, 396; car- 
ried supplies to the river, 402, 
403, 404; small quarters at 
Fort Halifax, 405, 417; to de- 
fend frontier, 409; pay of, 409, 
411; bounty of, 409; officers 
of, 409, 410; independents to 
be dismissed, 411, 412, 410; 
under Monckton, 436; uneasy, 
448; on dismissing, 448, 449, 
450; to replace those at Fort 
Halifax, 455, 458, 460; money 
to be sent to pay, 459. 

Solivern, John, signed petition for 
Kennebec, 212. 

Somersworth, 347. 

Soul, Capt. Cornelius, 88. 

South Carolina, 357. 

Sparhawk, N., letters of, 21, 45, 
46; mentioned, 14, 32, 44, 46, 
401, 412 414. 

Spaulding, John, signed Kennebec 
petitions, 195, 277. 

Speeches of, 
Phipps, Lieut. Gov. Spencer, 21, 

91, 177, 452. 
River Indians, 288. 
Shirley, Gov. William, 246, 254, 
320, 350. 

Speer, Robert, signed petition for 
St. Georges, 99; signed Ken- 
nebec petition, 196. 
Robert Jr., signed Kennebec 

petition, 196. 
William, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 196. 

Spied, John, signed Kennebec 
petition, 198. 

Spinder, Capt. , 27, 39. 

Spring, Jedediah, signed petition 
for Fryeburg, 14. 

Sproul, James, signed petition for 
Kennebec, 198. 
Robert, signed petition for Ken- 
nebec, 198. 



496 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Sproul, continued. 

William, signed petition for Ken- 
nebec, 108. 
Squadock,| 104 15B 150 17g 
Squadook, J ' 
Stallions, 104. 

Standwood, Saml., signed Kenne- 
bec petition, 196. 
William, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 196. 
Stanwood, David, signed Kennebec 
petition, 196. 
Ebenezer, signed petition for 
Frontiers, 93; signed petition 
for Kennebec, 196; mentioned, 
85. 
Thomas, signed petition for 
Kennebec, 196. 
Stanyan, John, signed petition of 

Phillipstown, 179. 
Stapell, Samuel, signed petition 

for New Casco, 218. 
Staples, Nathaniel, signed Fal- 
mouth petition, 312. 
Samuel, signed Phillipstown pe- 
tition, 179. 
Starbird, John, signed Kennebec 
petition, 197. 

Stansbury, Mr. , 16, 27, 29, 39. 

Starrat, Peter, 312. 

Steele, Mr. , 412. 

Steenson, Capt. , 202. 

Sterling, Hugh, 14. 

Stevens, Capt. , 127. 

Rev. , 167. 

Benjamin, signed petition for 

Wells, 268. 
John, signed petition for Frye- 
burg, 14; signed petition for 
Wells, 268. 
Capt. Phineas, 7, 36, 105, 106, 

109, 191, 192, 241, 242. 
Samuel, signed petition for 

Gloucester, 149. 
River, 211, 221. 
Stewart, Jeremiah, signed petition 
for Wells, 268. 
Samuel, signed petition for Ken- 
nebec, 267. 
Stillffing, Michael, signed Kenne- 
bec petition, 277. 

Stlmson, , 115. 

Stinson, James, signed Kennebec 
petitions, 196, 198, 258. 
John, signed Kennebec petition, 

197. 
Thomas, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 258; mentioned, 276, 277. 
Thomas Jr., signed Kennebec 
petitions, 196, 258. 



Stinson, continued. 

William, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 195. 
Storehouse, see under Forts. 

Storer, Col. , 4, 51. 

John, signed petition for Wells, 

267. 
John Jr., signed petition for 

Wells, 268. 
Thomas, signed petition for Ken- 
nebec, 195. 
Story, William, 270. 
Stouder, Mr. , to bring pris- 
oners from Canada, 190, 191. 
Stout, Cxtopher, an appraiser, 67. 
Stover, Capt. John, to call a town 

meeting, 3. 
Stroot, Christopher, agent for 

Falmouth second parish, 19. 
Stroudwater River, 175. 
Stubs, Jona., signed petition for 
New Casco, 218. 
Richard, signed petition for New 
Casco, 219. 
Summersworth, 203, 205, 313. 
Sutton, John, 195, 278. 

William, 143, 144. 
Swan, Caleb, signed petition for 
Fryeburg, 14. 
Island, 82, 84, 88, 104, 106, 163, 

221. 
James, signed petition for Frye- 
burg, 14. 
Jo: Greely, Bigned petition for 
Fryeburg, 14. 
Sylvester, Joshua, signed petition 

for Wiscasset, 319. 
Symonds, Samuel, 200. 

S , John, signed petition for 

St. Georges, 100; signed peti- 
tion for Kennebec, 197. 

S , Wh., signed petition for 

Kennebec, 195. 
S y, Mr. , 45. 

T 

Taconnett, 298, 303, 308, 309, 319, 
322, 323, 324, 325, 327, 333, 444. 
Falls, 260, 261, 321, 322. 

Tafts, John, 393. 

Tapping's Mills, 257. 

Tar, John, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 212. 
William, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 197. 

Tasker, Capt. , 332. 

Tayler, Joseph, signed petitions 
for Wiscasset, 51, 319; signed 
petition for Kennebec, 196. 



INDEX 



497 



Taylor, Benjamin, 200. 
Joseph, signed petition for Wis- 

casset, 245. 
William, signed petition for 
Kennebec, 194. 

Tebbets, Timothy, signed petition 
for Kennebec, 197. 

Temple, Robert, signed Kennebec 
petition, 194; mentioned, 176, 
211. 

Thomas, , 200. 

Richard, signed petition for Ken- 
nebunk, 65. 

Thompson, Alexander, signed peti- 
tion for Kennebec, 197. 
Benjamin, signed petition for St. 
Georges, 99; signed petition 
for Kennebec, 196, 212. 
Cornelius, signed petition for 

Kennebec, 197. 
James, signed petition for Ken- 
nebec, 194, 197. 
John, signed petition for Ber- 
wick, 144, 146. 
Joseph, signed petition for Ken- 
nebec, 197. 

Thorndike, Robert, an appraiser, 
67. 

Thornton, Cornelius, signed peti- 
tion for Kennebec, 198. 
James, signed petitions for Ken- 
nebec, 198. 212. 
Michael, signed petitions for 
Kennebec, 194, 212. 

Three Rivers, 229, 230. 

Thwing, Nathaniel, signed peti- 
tion for Kennebec, 194. 

Tibits, Daniel, signed petition for 
Wiscasset, 245. 

Timber, 260, 261, 338, 343, 382, 383, 
387, 392, 393, 403, 404, 418, 447, 
449, 451; see also Lumber. 

Titcomb, Edmund, signed New 
Casco petition, 219. 
Stephen, signed petition for 
Kennebunk, 65. 

Tomlinson, Mr. , 185. 

Tompson, Joseph, signed petition 
fr New Casco, 219; mentioned, 
227, 228. 
Nathl., signed petition for New 
Casco, 219. 

Tomson, John, signed petition for < 
Kennebec, 195. 

Tonnage tax, on ships at Kittery, 
40. 

Topsham, 85, 365. 

Totman, Henry, signed petition, 
for New Casco, 219. 

Toulon, 357. 



Towle, Samuel, signed petition 
for Kennebec, 194. 

Town, Enos, 200. 
Jesse, signed petition for Ken- 
nebunk, 65. 
Joseph, signed petition for Ken- 
nebunk, 65. 
Thomas, signed petition for Ken- 
nebunk, 65. 

Townsend, M , 23, 43. 

Chauncey, 16. 

Township, No. Four, 338. 
No. One, 56. 

Townships, given away, 39, 41; 
the original grants must be 
preserved, 173. 

Trade, Indians to be engaged in, 
2, 3, 9, 21, 69, 101, 102, 111, 
121, 225, 239, 252, 298, 312; 
private restrained, 9; Spar- 
hawk to engage in, 22, 23; in 
fish by Barrow, 37, 38; with 
Halifax, 39; will be encour- 
aged by good currency, 40; 
French not permitted to trade 
in the province, 76, 77; bags 
to be used in, 111; thread 
returned from Indian, 112; 
the French hold the trade 
with the Indians, 289, 252; 
the English lost trade with 
Indians, 239, 252; formerly 
large with Indians, 298; at 
Fort Richmond, 312; provis- 
ions made to hold, 378; grain 
not to be exported, Freeman 
and the French, 400, 401 ; the 
French protected in, 428. 

Trade, Lords Commissioners of, 
181, 183, 184, 185, 186, 187, 
188, 189, 208, 362. 

Trask, Samuel, signed Wiscasset 
petition, 51; signed the Ken- 
nebec petition, 196. 
Samuel Jr., signed Kennebec 
petition, 196; signed the Wis- 
casset petition, 320. 

Treadwell, Samuel, signed peti- 
tion for Wells, 268. 

Treaties, of 1749, 302; Aix la 
Chappelle, 252, 355; of Breda, 
240, 250; Dummers, 297, 298, 
299, 301; of St. Germain, 239; 
of Utrecht, 180, 182, 355, 455. 

Trent, Capt. , 262. 

Troops, see under Soldiers. 

Truck houses, 3, 9, 31, 89, 113, 
120, 127, 298. 
Masters, 111. 



32 



498 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Trufant, David, signed petition for 

Kennebec, 107, 212. 
Trundy, Ich. Jr., signed petition 
for Falmouth, 311. 
John, signed petition for Fal- 
mouth, 312. 
Tucker, Daniel, 162. 

Thomas, signed petition for 
New Casco, 219. 
Tuesick Gut, 257. 

Point, 257. 
Tufts, John, signed petitions for 
Kennebec, 104, 277; mentioned 
270. 
Joshua, signed petition for Wis- 
casset, 245. 
Tullor, Joseph, 200. 

Tyng, M , 125, 135, 414. 

Edward, a Kennebec Proprietor, 
176; signed the petition for 
Kennebec, 194. 
John, 7. 

U 

Underwood, Jona., signed the 
petition for New Casco, 218. 

Urin, John, signed petition for 
Phillipstown, 179. 

Utrecht, 180, 182, 355, 455. 



Van Shaial, Capt. , 162, 163. 

Vessels, kept for trade and to 
carry passengers, 29; to be 
sent to Halifax, 39; to be sent 
to Holland and Ireland, 39; 
gone and going for passengers, 
42; to carry boards, 43; for 
Ireland, 44; needed as a trans- 
port, 70; sent by the French 
to Penobscot, 73, 75, 77 ; bound 
for the Bay of Fundy 75; to 
protect the people and terri- 
tory, 77, 78; none to take 
people from the frontiers, 92; 
desired by St. Castine, 121, 
122, 124; not to be sent to 
Castine, 123; murder on one, 
143; boat needed at Fort Fred- 
erick, 164; not to be cleared 
for French settlements, 264, 
205; first seen by Indians, 288; 
sent to bring Indians, 296; 
returned with Indians, 300; 
dismissed at Falmouth, 327; 
sloop bound for Halifax, 335; 
fine one lost by the French, 
338; arrived at Louisbourg, 



352; sent to Bay of Fundy, 
353, 355; men of war against 
St. Johns, 363; embargo on 
Freeman's schooner, 400; he 
will become a privateer, 401; 
tonnage to be taxed at Kittery, 
406; impressed at Kittery, 406, 
407; captured by the French, 
407; tax on unlawful, 407; 
cannot carry provisions, 417; 
French fleet at the eastward, 
421, 426, 431; forfeited for 
assisting the enemy, 430; the 
French had none at St. John's 
River, 443; those at Halifax 
need provisions, 444. 

Bethel, the, 40, 43. 

Boston Packet, the, 76. 

Massachusetts, the, 70, 71, 76, 
78, 171. 

Port Mahon, the, 206, 207. 

Spinder, the, 27. 

Success, the, 76, 78, 172. 
Vickery, John, 421. 
Vincent, William, signed the Ken- 
nebec petition, 194. 
Virginia, 143, 144, 262, 263. 



W 

Wadlkigh, John, signed petition 

for Kennebec, 195. 
Waite, John, signed answer for 

Falmouth, 49; mentioned, 227, 

228. 

] Gilbins, signed peti- 
tion for Kennebunk, 
65. 



Wacfild 
Wackfeld 
Wakefield 
Wakfield 



J 



Jaems, signed petition for Ken- 
nebunk, 65. 

Jerediah, signed petition for 

Kennebunk, 65. 

John, signed petition for Ken- 
nebunk, 65. 

Nathaniel, signed petition for 
Kennebunk, 65. 
Waldo, Capt. , 26. 

Frank, 15, 22. 

Hannah, 16, 23. 

Brig. Samuel, to go to London, 
14, 15; in London, 21, 23, 32, 
37, 43, 45; asked to select 
watches, 32, 33; his settle- 
ments prosperous, 35; to build 
iron works and saw-mill, 36; 
asked to assist in the fish 
trade, 37; his vessel and goods 
condemned, 39, mentioned, 25, 



INDEX 



499 



Waldo, continued. 

27, 32, 33, 34, 37, 38, 39, 44, 45, 
46, 47. 
Waldron, Mrs. Elizabeth, 17. 
Richard, 17, 18, 24, 25. 
Richard, Jr., 24. 
Walker, Ezekiel, signed the peti- 
tion for Fryeburg, 14. 
Isaac, signed the petition for 

Fryeburg, 14. 
John, signed the petition for 

Fryeburg, 14. 
Joseph, signed the petition for 

Fryeburg, 14. 
Rachel, signed the petition for 

Fryeburg, 14. 
Samuel, signed the petition for 

Fryeburg, 14. 
Samuel, Jr., signed the petition 

for Fryeburg, 14. 
Solomon, signed the petitions 

for Kennebec, 198, 258. 
Timothy, signed the petition for 
Fryeburg, 14. 
Wals, Patrick, 197. 
Walton, Elizabeth, 347, 350. 
George, 347, 350. 
Samuel, 203, 205, 313, 314, 315, 
316, 347, 349, 376. 
Wampum, 113, 116, 137, 141, 331. 

Ward, Mr. , Ensign, 262. 

Capt. Nathan, 407. 
Nehemiah, 197. 
Warner, Philo, signed petition for 

Gloucester, 149; clerk, 150. 
Warren, Sir Peter, 104. 
Washington, Maj. George, 262, 303. 
Watches, silver, 32, 33. 
Waterhouse, Edward, signed peti- 
tion for Phillipstown, 179. 
Watts, Capt. John, 307, 344, 345. 
Samuel, 4, 241, 333, 458. 

Waymouth, , widow, 82. 

Moses, signed petition for Ken- 
nebec, 195. 

Webb, , 106. 

Mr. , attacked by Indians, 

89. 
Nathaniel, signed petition for 

Kennebec, 258. 
Samuel, signed'petition for Fal- 
mouth, 312. 
Webber, John, signed petition for 
Kennebunk, 65. 
Jonathan, signed petition for 
Kennebunk, 65; signed peti- 
tion for Kennebec, 197. 
Stephen, signed petition for 
Kennebunk, 65. 



Weber, Josear, signed petition for 
Kennebec, 212. 
W., signed petition for Kenne- 
bec, 197. 
Webster, John, signed petition for 

Fryeburg, 14. 
Weeks, Joseph, signed petition for 
Kittery, 133; a chain bearer, 
32. 
Nicoles, 133. 
Welch, Benjamin, 147. 
George, 311. 
Joseph, 51. 
Weld, Habijah, 194. 
Wells, part of, desired a new 
parish, 1, 61, 64; Kennebunk 
set off, 68; petition of, 267, 
268; mentioned, 177. 

Mr. , 217, 241, 332, 334. 

Nathaniel, 61, 268. 
Samuel, 197. 
Wendell, Jacob, Kennebec pro- 
prietor, 176, 194; letter of, 
162; mentioned, 4, 7, 29, 92, 
95, 135, 235, 333. 
Wentworth, Gov. Benning, 185, 
188, 260, 307, 309, 363. 
Samuel, 42. 

William, 32, 133, 152, 311. 
Wesserunskik, River, 298. 
Wcstbrook, Mrs. Mary, 17. 
Mary, 17, 24. 
Col. Thomas, 17, 24. 
Westfield, 10:;. 
West Indies"! 401. 
Westandeys / 
Whaleboats, 261, 278, 304, 325, 

405, 417. 
Whalley, Thomas, signed the Ken- 
nebec petition, 194. 
Wheelwright, John, letter of, 225; 
mentioned, 73, 76, 114, 120, 
121, 122, 123, 139, 148, 202, 
287, 291, 416, 447. 
Nathaniel, 191, 228, 232. 
Whelan, Mathew, signed Kenne- 
bec petition, 198. 

Wheton, Capt. , of Swan 

Island, house attacked, 82; 
escaped with his wife, 82, 83. 
Whidden, James, signed Kenne- 
bec petition, 196, 278. 
Timothy, signed Kennebec pet- 
ition, 196, 278. 

White, Col. , 241. 

Phil., signed Kennebec petition, 
198. 
Whitehaven, 50, 244, 272. 
Whitney, Benjamin, signed Ken- 
nebec petition, 197. 



500 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Whitney, continued. 
Samuel, captured by Indians, 

161. 
Samuel, Jr., captured by In- 
dians, 161. 
Whittemore, Samuel, 110, 215. 

Whitten, , 106. 

Wilder, Joseph, 4, 92. 

Wiley, William, signed petition 

for Fryeburg, 14. 
Wilks, John, signed petition for 
Wiscasset, 245. 

Willard, Col. , 4. 

Josiah, Secretary, letters of, 34, 
71, 72, 105, 106, 107, 108, 127, 
142, 166, 235, 236, 290, 292, 
306, 307, 421; mentioned, 5, 7, 
8, 9, 19, 59, 61, 68, 70, 71, 74, 
95, 98, 103, 104, 119, 122, 123, 
125, 126, 130, 133, 134, 135, 
151, 162, 164, 172, 175, 180, 
199, 202, i 203, 208, 266, 286, 
287, 308, 310, 413. 
William, George, signed petition 
for Kennebec, 212. 
Col. Isaac, 4, 6, 8, 33, 83, 84, 91, 

127, 135, 166, 224, 307, 309. 
John, signed the Kennebec peti- 
tion, 196. 
Thomas, signed the Kennebec 

petition, 194. 
Col. William, 330. 
Williamson, Jonathan, signed the 
Wiscasset petitions, 245, 319; 
mentioned, 50, 271, 272. 
Thomas, signed the Wiscasset 
petition, 319. 
Willkens, Bray, Jr., 200. 

Wilmot, Mrs. , 292. 

Willson, \ Alexander, signed the 
Wilson, / Kennebec petition, 196. 
George, 143. 
Gowin, signed the New Casco 

petition, 219. 
Gowin, Jr., signed the New 

Casco petition, 218. 
Hugh, signed the Kennebec pet- 
ition, 196. 
Joseph, signed the Kittery peti- 
tion, 133; signed the New 
Casco petition, 219; men- 
tioned, 281. 
Robert, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 196. 
Samuel, signed Phillipstown pe- 
tition, 179. 
Winn, Joseph, signed petition for 

Wells, 268. 
Winnigance River, 211, 212, 221. 



Winslow, Mrs. , 16, 22, 23, 26, 

461. 

Mrs. , 16, 36, 40. 

Edward, signed petition for 
Kennebec, 194. 

Elisha, signed petition for Ken- 
nebec, 195; mentioned, 198. 

Frank, 27, 36, 43, 44, 40, 47. 

Gilbert, selectman of Yarmouth, 
88. 

Hannah, 29, 36, 41, 44. 

Isaac, letters of, 27, 29, 39, 41, 
43, 46. 

Mrs. Isaac, 29, 47. 

James, 219, 227.. 

John, signed Kennebec petition, 
194. 

Gen. John, Memorial of, 281, 
282; mentioned, 224, 282, 290, 
309, 310, 312, 324, 325, 336, 
360, 387, 415, 453, 454. 

Joseph, signed petition for Ken- 
nebec, 194. 

Joshua, Kennebec proprietor, 
176. 

Kenelm, signed petition for 
Kennebec, 195. 

Nathaniel, signed petition for 
Kennebec, 195. 

Nathaniel, Jr., signed petition 
for Kennebec, 195. 

Winthrop, Mr. , 15, 29. 

Wiscasset, part of, desired to be 
incorporated, 50, 244, 245, 318; 
319; opposition to same, 320; 
petition of, 49, 176, 243, 317- 
petition granted, 51; men, 
tioned, 63, 82, 94, 105, 176, 271. 

Bay, 62. 

Head, 63. 

Narrows, 244. 

Proprietors, the, 50. 
Wise, John, signed Kennebec pet- 
ition, 212. 

Joseph, surgeon, 96. 
Witham, Daniel, signed petition 
for Gloucester, 149. 

Joseph, signed petition for Ken- 
nebec, 198. 

Witt, Mr. , 457. 

Wood, Mr. , 37. 

Timothy, signed petition for 
Sheepscot, 63. 
Wooden, James, signed petition 

for Kennebec, 196. 
Woodside, Capt. , 85. 

William, signed petition for 
Kennebec, 196. 

William, Jr., signed petition for 
Kensebec, 196. 



INDEX 



501 



Woodward, Peter, signed petition 

for Kennebec, 197. 
Wormwood, Bentmion, signed pe- 
tition for Kennebunk, 65. 

Worthington, Col. , 241. 

Wowenocks, the, 95, 105. 
Wright, John, signed the Kenne- 
bec petitions, 194, 258; men- 
tioned, 271, 272, 276, 277. 
John, Jr., signed the Nennebec 

petition, 258. 
Capt. John, 242, 243, 246. 
Joseph, signed the Kennebec 

petition, 258. 
Samuel, signed the Kennebec 
petition, 258, 
Wylie, Robert, signed the Kenne- 
bec petition, 199. 
William, signed the Kennebec 
petition, 199. 
Wyman, Abram, signed the Ken- 
nebec petition, 277. 
Francis, signed the Kennebec 

petition, 198. 
Francis Jr., signed the Kenne- 
bec petition, 197. 
James, signed the New Casco 

petition, 219. 
James Jr., signed the New 

Casco petition, 219. 
Nathaniel, signed the Kennebec 
petition, 197. 

W , John, signed the Kennebec 

petition, 195. 



York, 31, 69, 144, 203, 204, 205, 
346, 376, 418. 

County, 1, 5, 8, 10, 17, 18, 31, 48, 
49, 63, 58, 66, 68, 94, 100, 104, 
131, 144, 153, 159, 173, 174, 
193, 200, 203, 204, 205, 217, 
220, 244, 258, 269, 275, 313, 
314, 345, 346, 347, 375, 376, 
398, 407, 411. 

Goal, 142, 143, 313, 315, 345, 407. 

Benjamin, signed New Casco 
petition, 219. 

Benjamin, Jr., signed New Casco 
petition, 219. 
Young, Abijah, signed petition 
for Kennebec, 197. 

Francis, signed petition for Ken- 
nebec, 198. 



Young, continued. 

Isaac, signed Wiscasset petition, 
51, 245, 319. 

James, signed Kennebec peti- 
tion, 195. 

John, signed petition for St. 
Georges, 99. 

Joseph, signed petition for Ken- 
nebec, 198; signed petition for 
Wiscasset, 245, 319. 

Joseph Jr., signed petition for 
Wiscasset, 50, 51; signed peti- 
tion for Kennebec, 196. 

Thomas, signed petition for Wis- 
casset, 51. 

Z 

Zouberbuhler, Mr., 28, 39, 44. 

, Benj. signed petition for 

Kennebec, 197. 

, Charles, signed petition for 

Wells, 268. 

, David, signed petition for 

Kennebec, 195. 

, George, signed petition for 

Kennebec, 278. 

, Henry, signed petition for 

Kennebec, 198. 

, Jacob, signed petition for 

Kennebec, 195. 

, James, signed petition for 

Sheepscot, 62. 

, James signed petition for 

Kennebec, 258. 

, James B., signed petition 

for Kennebec, 258. 

, Johannes, signed petition 

for Kennebec, 277, 278. 

, John, signed petition for 

Kennebec, 196, 197. 

, Jonathan, signed petition for 

Phillipstown, 179. 

, Joseph, signed petition for 

Kennebec, 198. 

, Joshua, signed petition for 

Phillipstown, 179. 

, Samuel, signed petition for 

Kennebec, 197, 278. 

, Uzziah, signed petition for 

Kennebec, 277. 

, William C, signed petition 

for Kennebec, 195. 



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