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Full text of "Documentary history of the state of Maine .."

Ji-lamc U mteulogtcal ^octety, 

Portland, Maine 
A ccession / . "1MV, 

******** 



COLLECTIONS 

OF THE 

MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

SECOND SERIES 



DOCUMENTARY 

HISTORY OF THE STATE OP MAINE 

VOL. XVI 



CONTAINING 



THE BAXTEK MANUSCRIPTS 



EDITED 



By JAMES PHINNEY BAXTER, A.M., Ljtt. D. 



PUBLISHED BY THE MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY', AIDEO BY 
APPROPRIATIONS FROM THE STATE 



PORTLAND 

LEFAVOR-TOWER COMPANY 
1910 






'■ 



Copyright 1910 
By the Maine Historical Society 



Press of 
Lefavor-Tower Company, Portland 



t-10 

W128d 



PREFACE 



THE present volume presents to students a considerable 
portion of the documents in existence relating to the 
Penobscot Expedition, which, in its day, loomed into an 
importance to those affected by it almost equal to that sent 
in the reign of Elizabeth against the western coast of 
England, known in history as the Spanish Armada. As the 
story is unfolded of the brave efforts of a people in their 
extreme poverty to equip and maintain, to them, a great 
Armada to expel an invading foe from their borders, and to 
protect them from conquest, it must deeply engage the inter- 
est and sympathy of all who read it. I regret that space 
does not permit me to carry the story to its culmination in 
the following pages, and that it will have to be continued in 
a succeeding volume. 

I wish to acknowledge my obligation to Mr. James J. 
Tracy and Miss Alice R. Farnum of the Massachusetts 
Archives Department for courtesies graciously extended to 
me in facilitating my researches therein. 

JAMES PHINNEY BAXTER. 

61 Deering Street, Portland, Maine, 
November 15, 1910. 



I 

1 



CHRONOLOGICAL INDEX OF CONTENTS 



PAGE 

1778 April Memorial of Tho. Child, .... 1 

" " Ziphion Thayer, ... 2 
retition of the several Committees of the Planta- 
tions called Mispecky, Plesent River, Narra- 

quagus & Number four, 4 

May 13 Certificate of J. Allen Col & Command 1 ", . 7 

May 15 Order of Council in re Nathan 1 Barber Esq., . 8 

May 19 Petition of Lieut. Ja s Avery, .... 8 

May 22 Letter from Selectmen of Falmouth, ... 9 

Report of Committee on above letter, . . 10 

Letter from Daniel Ilsley, 11 

" J. Allan, 12 

May 24 Order directing Capt. Partridge, .... 16 
May 26 Memorial of Dan'l Strout, Benj a Jordan & als, 17 
May 27 Deposition of Saml Jordan, .... 19 
May 29 Letter from John Brown to Jon a Lowder, . . 20 
" " " to Cap 1 Stephen Smith, 20 
The Petition of the Inhabitants of Goulds- 
borough, 20 

Juno 2 Report of Meeting of the Freeholders & als of 

the Town of Edgecomb, 21 

June 5 Deposition of Samuel Jordan, J r ., ... 22 

» " » " " ... 23 

Juno 8 Resolve in re Town of Falmouth, ... 28 
June 9 " lt Accounts of the Treasurer of the 

County of York, 24 

June 10 Names of Field Officers chosen for Second Regi- 
ment of Militia in the County of York, . 24 
Resolve on the Petition of the Inhabitants of 

Bridgton 25 

June 12 Resolve in re Rev' 1 Daniel Little of Wells . 26 

June 13 " of House in re Town of Falmouth, . 27 

June 15 Petition of Selectmen of Topsham, ... 27 

Order of Committee of Damariscotta in re 

Anthony Chapman, ...... 29 

June L6 Certificate of Mr. Solomon Littlefleld, . . 29 

June 17 Petition of Ivory Hovey, 30 

June 19 " " I);ivis Batch, 31 

Resolve on above Petition, 32 



Vlll 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 



June 


26 


June 


20 


July 


2 


July 


9 


July 


17 


July 


22 


July 


■21 


July 


28 


July 


SI 



1788 June 23 Resolve of House in re Fire Arms, . 

June 24 Petition of the Committee of Inspection &c. of 

the town of Boothbay, 

Schedule of Cannon &c. delivered to the Com- 
mittee of Boothbay, 

Letter from J. Allan to Mr. Jeremiah Powell, 
Order of Council in re Commissary General, . 
Letter from Dan 1 Sullivan, 

" " John JIarvis, 

Writ of Execution issued to the several Sheriffs, 
Letter from Council to Mr. Samuel Fletcher, 

14 to the Board of War, .... 
Petition of Capt. Daniel Sullivan, 
Roll for back Rations due Capt. Dan'l Sullivan's 

Company, . , 

Petition of Jacob Bailey, 

State of the Troops &c. at Machias, . 

Estimate of provisions for the Troops &c. at 

Machias, ........ 

Petition of Nathan Jones, .... 

Letter from George Stillman, . . . . 

Petition of the Selectmen of Sanford, 

Letter from J. Allan, ...... 

Petition of Dan 1 Sullivan & Order thereon, 
" " Francis Shaw for Inhabitants 

Gouldsborough, 

Petition of John Colley & Others, 
Letter from Stephen Smith, 

" " J. Allan, 

Petition of Joseph Noyes, 

Order on above petition, 

Letter from W m Frost, .... 

Certificate of John Bennet, . 
Letter from J. Allan, 
Aug. 18 " " the chiefs, Sachems &c. on Ri\ 
Johns, ...... 

Aug. 24 Letter from John Bradbury, 

Aug. 27 " " the Assessors of Fryoburg, 

Petition of the Committee of Safety & the Inhab- 
itants of New Bristol No. 2, . 
Account State of Massachusetts Bay in re Boun- 
ties, 

Petition of the Freeholders and Inhabitants of 
the town of Sanford, ..... 
Sept. 7 Account of Israel Cook, . . . . . 
Sept. 8 Letter to Col. Allan, 



PAGE 

33 



Aug. 


1 


Aug. 


3 


Aug. 


4 


Aug. 


5 


Aug. 


7 


Aug. 


8 


Aug. 


9 


Aug. 


10 


Aug. 


Hi 


Aug. 


17 



of 



er St 



33 

36 
37 
38 
38 
39 
39 
39 
41 
41 

42 
42 
44 

45 
45 
46 
47 
49 
55 

56 
57 
60 
60 
67 
69 
70 
"70 
70 
71 

74 
76 
76 

80 

81 

82 
87 
83 



OF CONTENTS IX 

PAGE 

1788 Sept. 12 Letter from Jas. Warren, 84 

Sept. 14 " " Sam 1 Phips Savage, ... 84 

Petition of Stephen Parker, 85 

Sept. 21 Report on above Petition, ..... 80 

Sept. 25 Letter from J. Allan, 80 

(jet. 1 Resolve on Petition of the Freeholders, etc., of 

the town of Sanford, 80 

Oct. 2 Memorial of John Tracy, J r ., & als, Neighbors & 

Acquaintances of Col Nathan Jones, . . 88 

Resolve on the letters of Col° Allan, . . 02 
Oct. 3 Memorial of the Inhabitants of New Bristol, 

No. 2, 93 

Letter to the Chiefs, Sachems & als from J. 

Allan, 94 

Oct. 5 Certificate of Selectmen of the town of Berwick, 97 
Oct. Return of the Indians taken into the Service of 

the U. S., 97 

State of Troops, & other Persons, in the Service 
of the U. S. under Command of Col John 

Allan, 98 

Oct. 8 Letter from J. Allan, 99 

Oct. 9 Resolve on Petition of the Selectmen of 

Topsham, 112 

Oct. 13 Letter to Capt. Peter Pollard, . . . .112 

Resolve on the Petition of Davis Hatch, . . 113 

Inventory of Clothing, 113 

Oct. 19 Letter from Dum. Sewall, Esq., . . . 114- 

Petition of Stephen & William Gowen, . . 116 

Declaration of Henry Hamilton, . . . 116 

Oct. 20 Letter to Hon bIe Benj" Greenleaf, . . .117 

Oct. 21 Notice of Cha s Cushing in re Nathan Jones & 

W m Tupper, 118 

Report of the Committee respecting Nathan Jones 

& als & order thereon, 118 

Oct. 23 Deposition of William Whitteker, ... 120 

Tupper, . . . .120 

Oil. 24 Petition of Robert Struthers & order thereon, 121 



Oct. '/I Order of Council in re supplies for Capt. Jedid 
Prebble, 

Letter from Lemuel Storrs, .... 
Oct. 30 Resolve of Council in re Militia, 

Order to the Board of War, .... 
Nov. 4 Jedidiah Prebble's Receipt, 
Nov. 7 Order to the Board of War, .... 
Nov. 9 Letter from Joseph Simpson, . 

" to Col Allan, 

Nov. 13 " from J. Allan, .... 



all 



123 
123 
124 
124 
124 
125 
125 
126 
120 



X CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 

PAGE 

1788 Nov. 14 Order to the Board of War, 129 

Letter to Stephen Smith, 129 

Nov. 16 " " 130 

Nov. 20 Order of Council in re Schooner Merisheet, . 180 

" to the Board of War, 130 

Nov. 22 Letter from John Tracey to the Hon. Jeremiah 

Powell, 131 

Nov. 23 Petition of John Preble, 131 

Nov. 26 " " " Tracey & James Swan, . . 132 
Nov. 28 Letter to the Hon ble Council of the State of Mas- 
sachusetts Bay 133 

Order of Council in re Thomas Cushing, Esq., 134 

Dec. 1 State of Ordnance & Stores at Machias, . . 134 
Account, the U. S. of America with John 

Allan, 135 

Dec. 2 Deposition of Simeon Woodward, . . . 136 

Dec. 7 Letter to the Navy Board, .... 138 

Dec. 12 " from Col. Allan 138 

Dec. 15 Application of Joseph Noyes & order thereon, 139 

Dec. 23 Order of Council in re Peter Noyes, Esq., . 140 
Dec. 31 Petition of the Freeholders & Inhabitants of 

Coxhall, 140 

Petition of Roger Huneweil, .... 143 
" tl the Town of Falmouth, . . .144 
" Nathaniel Thwing, .... 146 
Original names of the Grantees of the Town- 
ship of Machias, 148 

Names of the Settlers in Machias, . . . 149 

1779 Jan. 1 Petition of James Noble Shannon, . . . 149 

Jan. 4 " " the Sufferers in Falmouth, . . 150 

" " Committee in re Township of Land 

to the Eastward of Saco River, . . . 154 

Jan. 6 Petition of Joseph Bragdon, .... 151 

" " Inhabitants of Berwick, York, Kit- 

tery, etc., 155 

Jan. 11 Letter from Saml Nasson & Order of Council 

thereon, 157 

Petition of Mary Wallingford, .... 157 
" Col. Edw. Grow, Lt. Col. John Little- 
field, Maj. John Nowell in re Josiah Chase, . 159 
Jan. 12 Josiah Chase appointed adjutant to the First 

Regiment of Militia, 159 

Resolve in re Nathaniel Thwing, Esq r , . . 159 

Abstract of a Pay Roll for David Rider, . . 160 

Jan. 16 Petition of David Rider, 160 

Jan. 22 Address & Petition of the Inhabitants of 

Machias, 161 



OF CONTENTS XI 

PAGE 

1779 Jan. 22 Letter from Daniel C. Ilsley, .... 164 

Return of Clothing sent to the Army, etc., . . 164 

Jan. 23 Petition of the Inhabitants of Pleasant River, 165 

Resolve on Petition of James Noble Shannon, 167 

Jan. 27 Petition of Joanna Wyer, ..... 167 

Memorial & Petition of the Inhabitants of 

Machias, 168 

Jan. 29 Petition of Betty Pote, 170 

David Sewall in re Ebenezer Wallingford's 

Estate, Somersworth, N. II., .... 171 

Feb. 1 Certificate in re William Rideout, . . . 172 
Petition of William Rideout, . . . .172 

Memorial of Jonas Farnsworth, . . . 173 
Account of all the horses, cattle, etc., in the 

Town of Fryeburg, 175 

Feb. 2 Petition of Joseph Noyes, .... 177 
Verdict in re John Underwood & al Apl ts us. 

Ivory Hovey & al Apl ts 177 

Feb. 4 Names of Naval Officers chosen by ballot, . 178 
Feb. 5 Resolve on the Petition of Nathaniel Bridge & 

als, 178 

Feb. 6 Resolve on the Petition of John Murch, . . 179 

Feb. 8 Letter from Timothy Parsons, .... 179 

Petition of the Inhabitants of Narroguages, . 180 

" " L - " Chandler River, . 182 

" " " " the District of 

Number four, 183 

Feb. 10 Order in re Benjamin Austin, Esq r ., . . . 184 

List of Rations due Capt. Nicholas Crosby & Co., 184 

Memorial of Nicholas Crosby, .... 185 

Feb. 17 Petition of Robert Miller, 186 

Feb. 18 Letter from Timothy Parsons, .... 187 
Feb. 22 Resolve on the Petition of Stephen & William 

Gowen, 189 

Feb. 26 Resolve on the Petition of Mary Walliugford, 190 

Feb. 28 Memorial of James Sullivan, .... 191 

Resolve on the Petition of Joseph Noyes, . . 194 
Report of Committee Appointed to Examine 

Accounts, 195 

Report of Committee appointed to inquire into 

the Petition of Noah Johnson & Associates, 197 

Petition of the Inhabitants of Cambden, . . 198 

Mar. 26 " " Richard Lombard, .... 199 

Mar. 27 " " Thomas Dinsmore, .... 199 

Mar. 28 Letter from Jon" Lowder, 202 

Mar. 30 " " Saml Phips Savage, .... 208 



Xll CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 

PAGE 

1779 Mar. 80 Account State of Massachusetts Bay to Commit- 
tee of Biddeford; 204 

April 1 Deposition of Jonathan Bryant, .... 205 

" " Thomas Dinsmore, J r . & Asa 

Dinsmore, ....... 205 

Petition of Barbara Ross and Esteai Martin, . 20G 

April 3 " " Elizabeth Lines, .... 207 

April 5 Letter from Theop. Bradbury, .... 208 

April 7 Extract of Letter from Jer. Powell, . . 209 

April 9 Petition of Timothy Walker, J r ., & Associates, 210 
Report of Committee on Petition of Timothy 

Walker & Associates, 211 

Memorial of Francis Shaw, J r ., . . . 214 
April 10 Account State of the Massachusetts Bay with 
Committee of Correspondence, Inspection, &c, 

of Kittery, 215 

A Provision Roll of the Company of Soldiers 

Stationed on Penobscot River, . . . 217 

April 12 Petition of Andrew Oilman, 218 

Resolve on Petition of Betty Pote, ... 220 

" " '' " Joanna Wyer. . . . 221 

April 13 " " " " Timothy Walker, J*., . 219 

11 " '• " Joseph Baker & Others, 222 

Petition of Job Abbott & Others, . . .224 

April 14 Resolve on Petition of Barbara Ross and Esther 

Martin, 225 

April 15 Petition of Francis Shaw, J r ., . . . . 226 

April 17 Resolve on Accounts of Joseph M c Lallen, . 227 

" " Petition of Richard Lombard, . . 227 

Petition of George Stillman, .... 228 

April 20 Copy of Receipt, 228 

Memorial of the Ministers & Elders of the First 

Presbytery, 229 

April 21 Resolve in re above Memorial, .... 232 

" " Petition of Francis Shaw, . . 233 

April 24 " on Representation of John Allan, . . 234 

Order of Council to Col° John Allan, . . 234 

April 25 Memorial of John Allan, 235 

Account State of Massachusetts to the Com tee of 

York, 236 

Letter from Chas. Cushing, Brig r ., to Board of 

War & Order thereon, 236 

April 27 Report of Committee Appointed to Consider the 

Letter, 238 

April 29 Letter from Theo Bradbury, . . . .238 

" J. Allan, 239 

April 30 " " John Prebble, 241 



OF CONTENTS Xlll 

PAGK 

1779 April 30 Petition of the Committees on Penobscot 

River, 243 

May 1 Notice to the Captains, Commander, etc., signed 

by Sir Geo. Collier, 244 

Resolve on the Petition of Andrew Oillman, . 245 

Petition of Sarah Waldo, 246 

May 3 Resolve on Petition of Sarah Waldo, . . 247 

il George Stillman, . . 248 
Notice by Commandant of New York in re John 

Leighton. ....... 248 

Notice by Commandant of New York in re Mr. 

Hale, 249 

Permission given W m Tyng & John Martin by 

Commandant of New York, .... 249 
Permission given John Maccarty & als by Com- 
mandant of New York, 250 

May 8 Letter from J. Allan, 250 

" " John Avery, Esq., .... 252 

May 11 Extract from Invoice, 253 

May 12 Petition of Joseph Noyes, . , . . . 253 
May 17 Report of the Selectmen of Berwick in re Town 

Meeting, 253 

Report of the Selectmen of Wells in, re Town 

Meeting, ........ 254 

Report of the Selectmen of York in re Town 

Meeting, 254 

May 18 Report of the Selectmen of Falmonth in re Town 

Meeting, 255 

Report of the Selectmen of Kittery in re Town 

Meeting, 257 

Letter from J. Allan, 255 

May 19 " " The Committee of Safety, &c, . 258 
May 21 Report of the Selectmen of Gorham, . . . 259 
May 22 Certificate of Samuel Nason, .... 259 
May 26 Report of the Selectmen of Fryeburg, . . . 260 
Petition of William Lewis, .... 260 
May 27 Report of Meeting of the Inhabitants of the Sec- 
ond Parish, 261 

Petition of a Committee of the Second Parish, . 261 

May 29 Letter from Sam' Phips Savage, .... 263 
Order of Eouse in re Letter from the Committee 

of Falmouth 268 

IViition of John Preble & Others, . . . 264 

" " Elizabeth Ross 265 

June 2 Resolves on Letter from the Committee of 

Falmouth, 266 

Resolve in re State Lottery Funds, . . . 267 



XIV 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 



1779 June 5 Report of Committee on the Petition of the 
Selectmen of Sanford, 
Report of Committee in re Sanford, . 

U (1 u u u 

Deposition of Saml Jordan, 
June 7 Petition of Ivory Hovey, 
June 8 Resolve on Petition of Stephen Eidrage, 

" " Ivory Hovey, 
June 9 " " " " " " 

Resignation of Capt. W m Lewis Accepted 
" " Samuel Weeks Accepted, 
June 10 Resolve on the Petition of the Inhabitants of the 
Second Parish, 

Petition of Mary Perham, . 
June 12 " " Leonard Williams & als, 

Resolve on Petition of Joseph Bragdon, 
June 15 Certificate of Timothy Langdon, . 
June 17 Resolve on Petition of Leonard Williams, 
June 18 Letter from Jn° Murray, 
June 19 " 



208 
268 
270 
273 
274 
281 
282 
283 
271 
271 

283 
284 
285 
286 
287 
288 
289 
293 
293 
294 
295 
295 
297 



" Chas. Gushing, Brig r ., . 
" John Brown to W m Frost, 
" " Tim Langdon, 
Resolve on Petition of Mary Perham, . 
Letter from Chas. Gushing, Brig r ., . 
June 21 " " S. P. Savage, President, . 
June 22 " " Stephen Hall, Chairman of Commit- 
tee of Safety, 

June 23 Letter from J. Allan, 

" " S. P. Savage, President, 
Resolve of House in re Number of Men Needed 

at Foxborough & Cape Elizabeth, 
Petition of Timothy Parsons, .... 
Resolve on the Petition of Timothy Parsons, 
June 24 Letter from Moses Titcomb, Clerk of Committee 

of Safety, 

Report of Committee in re Letter from Brig r ., 

Cushing, '. 305 

Resolve in re Bounties, go5 

June 25 Letter from Select Men & Committee of Corre- 
spondence at Falmouth & Order thereon, 
Memorial of the Inhabitants of Newburyport, 
June 20 Letter from John Brown, . 

Order of the Board, 
June 27 Letter from John Browne, 

Petition of the Delegates of the Towns in the 

County of Lincoln, .... 312 

Resolve on above Petition, . . . 315 



297 
298 
301 

301 
302 
303 

304 



306 
308 
310 
311 
312 



OF CONTENTS XV 

PAGE 

1779 June 30 Letter from W m Vernon to Hon. Jer h Powell, . 316 

Order of Council to the Board of War, . . 316 

Letter to James M'Cobb, 317 

" " W m Vernon, 317 

July 1 Order of Council in re General Lovell, . . 318 

" in re Transports, 369 

July 2 " of Council in re Ship General Putnam, . 319 

tl " " " Penobscot Expedition, . 320 

" » " 322 

Letter to the Navy Board, .... 322 

Order of Council, 370 

" " " 371 

Warrant to Impress Seamen, .... 372 

July 3 Resolvesira re Penobscot Expedition, . . 323 

Order of Council, 324 

List of Articles wanted for Men at Falmouth and 

Wells, 324 

Warrant to Impress Ships, 373 

Order Impowering Sam'l White to Procure 

Officers, 374 

Order to Board of War in re Ship Gen 1 Putnam, 374 

" " Council & Schedule Annexed, . . 375 

July 5 Letter from Barth° Putnam, .... 324 

" Geo. Williams, 325 

" " Sam 1 Phips Savage per order of 

Board, 325 

Report of Committee in re Vessels for Penobscot 

Expedition, 375 

Resolve in re Officers of the Land Forces, . 376 
July 6 Letter from Sam 1 Phips Savage per order of 

Board, 326 

Petition of Joseph Christopher, . . . 326 

Letter from W m Vernon & J. Warren, . . 327 
" " Meshech Weare to Hon. President 

Powell, 328 

Letter W m Vernon & J. Warren to Hon. Jere h 

Powell, 329 

Orders of Council, 377 

July 7 Letter from Samuel P. Savage, Pres., . , . 329 

" " "... 330 

" W" York, 330 

Order of Council, 331 

" Li Board of War to Capt. Allan Hallet, . 831 

Receipt signed by John S. Tyler, . . . 334 

Copy of Letter to Captain , .... 384 

Return of Shot Delivered for Penobscot Expe- 
dition, ........ 335 



XVI 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 



177!) 



July 
July 



7 Orders of Council, 



8 Petition of Daniel Howes, 

Certificate of William Burbeck, 
Letter from James Johnston, .... 
" " the General Court in re Memorial of 
Jonathan Jackson & als, .... 

Letter from Board of War, 

< >rders of the Board of War to Capt. John Foster 

Williams, 

Orders of the Board of War to Capt. John 

Cathcart, 

Order of Council, 

Orders " " .... 

Order " •' 

July 9 Orders of the Board, .... 
Letter from Andrew Oilman, 
Doctor Downer Appointed Chief Surgeon, 
Order of Council, 

Letter from J. Warren & \Ym. Vernon, 
Orders of Council, 
July 10 Petition of John A. Avery & Order thereon. 
Letter from Josh 3 Davis, 
" M. Weare, . 
Order of Council, 



PAGE 

. 378 
379 

. 335 
336 

. 336 

336 
337 



338 



July 11 Letter from Josh a Davis, 
Order of Board of War, 

Letter from Joshua Davis, 
Ll to Col. Orne & Lee, 
Order of Council, . 



July 12 Petition of Owners of the Sloop "Driver,' 
" Joseph Nye, . 
Order of Board of War, .... 

" it ti ii a 

Letter from Rich d Smith, Chairman, . 

" to Dudley Saltinstal, 
Invoice of Sundry Merchandise, . 
Order of Council in re Col. Revere, . 

" " " to Navy Board, 
Letter to Andrew Gillman, 
Orders of Council, .... 

July 18 Letter to Dudley Saltonstall, Esq r ., . 



340 

379 

380 

381 

342 

M42 

343 

343 

344 

381 

345 

345 

346 

382 

383 

346 

347 

347 

348 

348 

349 

882 

383 

384 

350 

350 

351 

351 

352 

353 

358 

353 

354 

354 

385 

355 



OF CONTENTS 



XVII 



1779 July 13 Order of Council in re Armed Ship Sally, . 

Petition of Joshua Davis, ..... 
Order of Council in re Sloop Terrible, 
" " " to Naval Officer of Salem, 

Petition of John Whitmore, .... 
Order of Council in re Naval Officer at Boston, . 
" " '• " " " " Falmouth, 

'■ " "■ " " tL " Boston, 



Orders of Council, 
Order " " 



July 14 



PAGE 
. 356 

356 
. 357 

357 
. 357 

358 

350 
. 359 

385 
. 386 

387 
. 387 

360 
. 360 

360 



" " " to Navy Board, 

" Capt. Saltonstall 
Letter from Sam" Thompson, . 

15 Order of Council, ....... 361 

16 Letter from J. Allan, 362 

" " Daniel Waters, 365 

" John Frost, 366 

" Steph" Cleveland & Order thereon, . 367 
A General Return of Gen'l LovelPs Detachment 

of Militia, 388 

Order of Council 387 

21 Certificate of W m Erskine, .... 368 

Petition of Elias Hasket Derby 389 

General Orders from Gen. Lovell's Orderly Book, 389 

After Orders, 

July '22 Order on Petition of Elias Hasket Derby, 
Instructions to Field Officer, 
23 Order of Council, .... 
Letter to Gen'l Lovell, 
Instructions to Field Officer, 



July 
July 



July 20 



July 



July 



July 24 " " " " . . 

Letter to Hon ble Jeremiah Powell, 
" from W m Vernon, 
" " George Williams, 
July 25 Instructions to Field Officer, 
July 26 Report of a Council of War Meeting, 
July L'7 Instructions to Field Officer, 



Petition of the Lieutenants & Masters of Several 
Armed Vessels, ...... 

Report of a Council of War, . . . . . 

Order of Council, ...... 

Instructions to Field. Officer, . 
July 2H Letter S. Lovell, B r . G 1 ., to Hon. J. Powell, . 



390 
391 
392 
393 
393 
393 
394 
395 
396 
397 
897 
398 
398 
399 

400 
401 
402 
402 
403 



Order of Council, 408 



XV111 



CHRONOLOGICAL INDEX 



1779 July 29 Proclamation Issued by Command of Genl. 

Lovell, 404 

Extracts from a Confidential Letter, . . . 407 
Instructions to Field Officer, .... 408 
Oath Imposed on Inhabitants of the Eastern part 

of the State of Massachusetts Bay, . . . 408 
Council of War, Report of, .... 409 

July 30 Letter to the Councilin re Fleet for Penobscot, 410 
Instructions to Field Officer, .... 410 

Letter to Shubel Hews & Joseph Lovering, . 412 
July 31 Instructions to Field Officer, . . . .412 

General Return of Gen 1 Lovell's Detachment of 

Militia, 413 

414 

414 

Aug. 1 Letter from S. Lovell, B r . G 1 ., .... 415 

419 

419 

Aug. 2 " to Major Gen 1 L' 1 Stirling, ... 420 

420 
421 

Aug. 3 " " " " 422 

422 
423 
423 

Aug. 4 " " " " 424 

General Return of General Lovell's Detachment 

of Militia, 425 

Instructions to Field Officer, .... 426 

Aug. 5 " " " " .... 426 

Orders of Council, 426 

Letter from S. Lovell, Br. Gen 1 ., ... 427 

Aug. 6 Instructions to Field Officer, . . . .427 

Letter from S. Lovell, B r . G 1 . to lion. Jer. Powell, 427 

Order of Council, 428 

Letter from S. Lovell, B r . G 1 ., . . . .429 
Letter from the Council to General Lovell, . 429 
Proceedings of Council of War, .... 430 
" " . . . . 431 
Aug. 7 Instructions to Field Officer, .... 431 

Proceedings of Council of War, . . . 432 

Account of James Fosdick & Order thereon, . 434 
General Return of General Lovell's Detachment 

of Militia, 434 

Aug. 8 Instructions to Field Officer, .... 435 

Letter to Gen 1 Gates, 436 

Order of Council, 437 



Letter from Daniel Waters, . 
Instructions to Field Officer, 

1 Letter from S. Lovell, B r . G 1 ., 
Stores wanted at Penobscot, 

Letter from S. Lovell, .... 

2 " to Major Gen 1 L' 1 Stirling, 
Extract of a Letter from Lord Stirling, 
Instructions to Field Officer, 



Letter to Major Gen 1 Gates, 

To the Council from the Board of War, 

Letter from Gen 1 Washington, . 



OF CONTENTS XIX 

PAGE 

1779 Aug. 8 Letter to Meshech Weare, .... 437 
" from Hoysteed Hacker to the Navy and 

Army 438 

Orders of Council, 489 

Aug. 9 Declaration of Gilbert Richmond, . . . 441 

Receipt for Supplies, 442 

Aug. 10 Letter from Council to Selectmen, &c, in the 

towns of Salem & Marblehead, .... 442 

Order of Council to Enoch Freeman, . . 443 

"• " " in re James Brewer, . . . 443 

Letter to Brig r . Lovell, 443 

Orders of Council, 444 

Proceedings of Council War, .... 444 

Letter Samuel Adams to Hon. Jere h Powell, . 446 

Aug. 11 Orders of Council, 447 

Instructions to Field Officer, .... 447 

Letter to Brig r . Gen 1 Lovell, .... 447 

Order of Council in re James Perkins, . . 448 

Letter Henry Jackson to Hon. Jere. Powell, . 449 

" John Gerry to Hon. Jer h Powell, . . 449 

Orders of Council, 450 

Letter Saml Adams to Hon. Jer h Powell, . . 451 

" Gen 1 . Horatio Gates to Hon. Jer h Powell, 452 

Proceedings of a Council of War, . . . 452 

General Orders, 453 

Aug. 12 Letter from W m Vernon & J. Warren, . . 455 

Order of Council, 456 

Letter to Gen 1 Lovell, 456 

General Return of General Lovell's Detachment 

of Militia, 457 

Proceedings of a Council of War, . . . 458 

Orders of Council, ...... 458 

Order " '« 460 

Aug. 13 Letter from D. Saltonstall, 461 

" to Jn° Gerry, Esq r ., &c, .... 462 
" " Mungo Mackay & John Tileston, 

Merchants, 462 

Order of Council in re John Lucas, . . . 468 

Proceedings of a Council of War, . . . 463 

Aug. 14 Order of Council in re Artillery, . . . 464 

Letter to General Lovell, ..... 465 

" " Gen 1 Lovell, 466 

" " Capt. .Joseph Ingraham, . . . 466 

Warrant t<> Impress Eighteen Pound Shot, . 467 

Orders to Capt. Sam 1 Harris, .... 468 

Warrant to Impress Eighteen Pound Shot, . 468 

Letter from John Browne to Genl Lovell, . . 469 



XX CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 

PAGE 

1779 Aug. 14 Letter to Col Henry Jackson, .... 470 

Proceedings of a Council of War, . . . 470 
Order of Council & Instructions to Mr. Solomon 

Hewes, 470 

Orders to Capt. Laha, 471 

" " " Robert Adamson, . . . 472 

Aug. 15 " " u " " 473 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



STATE OF MAINE 



To the Hon ble The Council and Hon ble House of Repre- 
sentatives of the State of Massachusetts Bay. Tho. Child 
having been appointed Naval Officer for the Port of Fal- 
mouth in said State thinks it his duty humbly to lay before 
your Honors the following Queries respecting the duties of 
said Office, that your Honors may give him such directions 
therein as in your Wisdom you shall think proper. 
I st Is it not required that all Boats and Lighters from ten 
tons and upwards shall have Registers, some Masters of such 
Boats and Lighters having neglected to procure them. 

2 Is it proper that Vessels usually employed in freighting 
goods from one part of the State to another should go with 
a general Clearance by the year as Vessels employ'd in fish- 
ing and carrying Wood and Lumber, as some Masters Insist 
upon — 

3 Should a Naval Officer make a Seizure and upon tryal 
there should be no Condemnation does he lay tyable to an 
Action for damages or is he liable to pay Costs, if he is how 
is he to be secured — 

4 If a Vessel is found in the breach of the Naval Office 
Act, and the Officer makes Seizure thereof what Assistance 
is he to have in order to secure said seizure — Would it not 
tend to regularity in the business to require that all Vessels 
bound for any Port not within this State should previous to 
taking on board give Bond and take a permit for Loading — 



2 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

6 As the Income of the Office is very small and it cannot 
be expected that any person appointed to said Office should 
give a continual attendance from morning to evening, is it 
not reasonable that hours for attendance be fixed — 

7 Would it not be expedient that all Vessels arriving from 
any Port not within this State, should at Entry lodge their 
Registers in the Office which may prevent their going away 
without Clearing — 

8 If a Master of a Vessel on his Arrival from a Neighbor- 
ing State refuses to Enter, and Lands and conveys away the 
Cargo in a private manner, how is he to be proceeded with — 

9 Also if he Enters and refuses to pay the Legal fee what 
is the Officer to do, or if he Clears for part of this State, 
when he intends for another which some will do to save 
expence 

These things your Memorialist humbly Submits to your 
Honors Consideration and begs leave to subscribe himself, 
with all due respect 

Your Honors Most Obedient and Very Humble Servant 

Tho. Child 



State of the Mass ft Bay 

To the Honorable the Council and the House of Repre- 
sentatives in General Court Assembled April 1778. — 

The Memorial of Ziphion Thayer, in behalf of himself and 
his Brother Ebenezer Thayer, in answer to the Report of the 
Board of War upon the Schooner Two Brothers, her Cargoe 
&c Humbly Shews 

That the said Ebenezer Thayer, in sending the said Ves- 
sell with her cargoe, into this State, has strictly complied 
with the spirit of the permission obtained from this Honble 
Court for that purpose, which your Memorialist could have 
made fully to appear, if the Board of War had given him the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 6 

privilege of a hearing before they made said Report, as they 
frequently promised to do. — That the dark hints inuen- 
does, and other circumstances mentioned in said Report as 
the foundation of the same, were such as necessarily arose 
out of the nature of the Case, it being impossible to answer 
the valuable purposes designed by imposing upon the 
Enemy, and at the same time let them know we were 
attempting to deceive them, which the Board of War in their 
said Report seem to suppose we ought to have done, or 
deserve the appellation of Unfair Dealers — That the Guard 
indirectly prayed for in said Report seems rather to arise out 
of a distrust of the Civil authority than from any crime in 
your Memorialist and he humbly presumes / as the proceed- 
ings of the Sheriff were not as Ins Suit /that he need not 
use any arguments to induce your Honors not to put the 
Civil authority under Military Controul — That the said 
Schooner's coming voluntarily into this State notwithstand- 
ing the suggestions of an inimical disposition in the Master, 
must serve as a key to the whole proceedings and place the 
Conduct of all concerned in a perfectly unambiguous point 
of Light. 

Your Memorialist therefore humbly prays your Honors 
that he may be heard before a Committee of this Honble 
Court upon the premisses, and if he cannot convince them 
that his said Brother has not deviated from the spirit of 
your Honors aforesaid permission, He, in that case humbly 
piays, that the Schooner her Cargoe &c may, by a special 
Order, be tried in the middle district of this State upon the 
Libel of John Dixey, who has filed the same before the 
Judge of the Maratime Court for said District / the said 
Schooner being now within the Jurisdiction of said Court/ 
as it will prevent the risque if said Vessell and Cargoe is to 
be removed to the Eastern district for trial, as well as the 
great trouble expence and delay which must unavoidably 



4 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

attend the trial upon the Libel of George Deake before the 
Judge of the Maratime Court for said Eastern district. 
Your Memorialist begs leave further to say that he is the 
more earnest to have this matter examined into by a Com- 
mittee of this Honble Court, as this mode of proceeding may 
prevent the distress and perhaps the ruin of his said Brother 
/who now is in Novascotia collecting the remainder of his 
Effects and Settling his Affairs in order for a removal to 
this State / which may be the Consequence of a public 
Examination in a Court of Law, — And your Memorialist as 

in Duty bound shall ever pray 

Ziphion Thayer 



To the Honorable the Council & the Honorable House of 
Representatives in General Court Assembled at Boston in 
the State of Massachusetts Bay 

The Petition of the Severell Committees of the Planta- 
tions and places Called Mispecky, Plesent River, Narraqua- 
gus, and Number four, in behalf of themselves & Constitu- 
ants Humbley Shew, — 

That Whereas the Season of the year is Fast Aproaching, 
Wherein We may Reasonabley Expect our Coasts Infested 
with British Ship, and Sloops of War, fully Possese d with all 
the Qualifications of an Invettered Enemy, We think it our 
Duty, According, & Agreeable to Our Connections in Pub- 
lick Matters to Represent to your Honnors, the Destress d 
Scituation, of the Inhabitants belonging to the Said places, 
Both from What they at present feel, and What the fear 
through the Course of the Proceeding Summer, and what 
has in a great measure — ugmented our Dcfficualty, being 
under an absollute Necessity of Doing Duty at Machias, in 
Defence of our Liberteys, the Last Season, which has pre- 
vented us from having the Advantage, of what Little im- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE O 

provments we were Posses' 1 of, and has Reduc d us to Such a 
State that many Faraellies, has not the Least Subsistance, 
but What they Obtain, by their Industrey, in Hunting the 
Wilderness, and Not able to procure Amunition or Arms for 
that purpose, these and the Like Circumstances, Must be 
truly Affecting to a people zeallously attached to the intrest 
and Cause, in Which we have Taken a part. We Do Not 
mean to Exigarate but Beg your Honours attention a few 
minutes and you Will Doubtless Easely perceive what a 
Sorrey Stand or Defence may be Expected from a Set of 
People Drove Nearly to a State of Desperation and Dispair, 
Against an Enemy, Posses d of all the art of Flatterey and 
Means to insinuate ; in Consequience of these Reasons, and 
many Others that might be aded We Humbley pray your 
Honours will take Our Deplorable Case under your Searous 
and Wise Consideration, and grant us Such a Suply of Pro- 
vision amunition and arms in Such Quantity in that way 
your Honnors may think best — We Do not mean to Per- 
scrib Rules for your Honnors, But in as much as this Coun- 
trey Abounds and is Capable of producing all kinds of Lum- 
ber this state may Stand in Need of, we Humbley Conceive 
it would be no more than a peace of Common Indulgence if 
we might have the Priviledge of Loading some of the State 
Vesells with Lumber, at Least Such a Number as would En- 
able us to Discharge, any Publick Debts we may be under 
the Necessity to Contract with your Honnors — We Hum- 
bley aprehend that many Persons have had the Priveledge, 
of Loading Vesells for the Publick who is under no kind of 
Necessity/ Further than to Advance their intrests/ of Provi- 
sion Clothing Amunition or Arms — We are Very Certain 
provided your Honnors would indulge us, in Sending Some 
Vesels amongst us on proper Notice we Can Suply them with 
any kind of Lumber Marsh &c & your Honnors may Stand 
in Need of, and give them the utmost Dispatch. — With 



6 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Regard to the Risque of the Enemy in Coming hear and Lay- 
ing in Our Harbours, we Can only Observe and asure your 
Honnors that whilst any Such State Vesels were Loading 
and in our Harbours we would Defend & protect Such at the 
Risque of our Lives 

We Beg leave Further to Observe that provided your Hon- 
nors may think Best to make a frontier of Machias, we Can- 
not think it will answer any End to Depend on the Millitia 
for the protection of that place the Scattered Scituation, and 
Remote Distance of the Inhabitants — their Povertey ; Noth- 
ing to Carry with them on their March and as Little to Leave 
with their Famelleys and add to that what they have Alridey 
Suffered in being Carry d there the Last year ; Some at the 
Distance of a Hundred and twenty or thirty miles, in the 
worst of Treaveling/ makes it impracticable : under their 
present circumstance : and will be But a Slender Dependence 
as monthly pay is So Very inconsiderable toward the Min- 
tainance of a familly — Notwithstanding we Beg Leave Er- 
nestly to Recommend to your Honnors, that Machias may 
be Defended Not bearly on the accounts of it being an Object 
of the British Resentment but being the Easterly frontier of 
this State and at present the place of Randovouse for the 
Indeans; makes it Absollutly Necessary it Should be De- 
fended if not it Will be Extreemly uncertain what the Con- 
sequence may be, or where a Stand Can be made with so 
much advantage, and So much to the Satisfaction of the 
Indeans — thus your Petitioners have Endeavoured to Lay 
before your Honnors the True State of matters in these Sev- 
erel places, and with the utmost Reluctance our Wants and 
Neccessitys : which admitts of no Alternitive only from the 
Favourable Reception of your Honnors may please to give 
it : And Rests assured that your Honnours under a Due 
Consideration of the whole Matter will in your Wisdom form 
Such Plans, and make Such grants, for the Releaf and Suply 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 7 

of our Destress d Inhabitants as will Terminate to the advan- 
tage and Benefit of the people, and prosperity of the Stat in 
general and Your Petitionors as in Duty Bound &c 
For further Perticulers we Beg Leave to Refer your Hon- 
nors to Cap 1 Joseph Willson who will be the Bearer hereof — 

Joseph Wilson Edmund Stearns Seth Norton Comittee for 
Pleasant River 

Joseph Waller Jesse Brown John Sawyer Committee for 
Narraquagus 

Joel Whitney Jonath Knight Cill Bartrick Committee for 
Mispeckey 

Alex Campbell Jonathan Stevens Phineas Whitten Com- 
mittee for Number four 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

These are to Certify that agreeable to a Resolve of the 
Hon ble the Continental Congress Bearing date the Third day 
of February Last, (Personally Came before me, Stephen 
Smith Commiss y of Stores & Truck Master at this place, 
Lewis Fredk. Delesdernier Lieut of the Eastern Indians, 
Reuben Dyer Commander of the Continental Armed 
Schooner Maresheete, William Alby Lieu 1 of the Troops sta- 
tioned at & for the Defence of Machias, and Simeon Wood- 
ward Conductor of Artillery. Who all Voluntary Offered, 
and of their own Free Will made & signed the Declaration 
and took the Oath, prescribed in said Resolve to Be taken by 
all persons, that holds any Civil & Military Office or Em- 
ployment under the Authority of Congress 

Given under my hand, at Machias, this 13 th day of May in 
the Year of Our Lord 1778 

J Allen Colonel & Command' in Chief of the Troop, 
Stationed at and for the Defence of Machias 



8 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber May 15, 1778 
Ordered that Nathan 1 Barber Esq. Muster Master for the 
County of Suffolk be and he hereby is directed to pay the 
Bounty allowed by this State to Elisha Bragdon, Robert 
Libby, Nath 1 Warren, Abr a Durgin, John Robinson & John 
Mathews (soldiers) inlisted in Cap 1 Norths Company in Col 
Lee's Regt — it appearing by a Certificate of Daniel Ilsley 
Esq r Muster Master for the County of Cumberland that said 
Soldiers have been mustered by him but have not received 
the Bounty aforesaid 

read & Accepted Jn° Avery D y Sec y 



Petition of Lieut. Ja 8 Avery with Sundry Papers referred 
to Hon 1 Tho 8 Cushing Esq to mention the Subject Matter in 
the Message to the Hon 1 House 

To the Honble the Council of the State of Massachusetts 
Bay 

The Petition of James Avery in behalf of John Allan Esq r 
Superintendent to the Eastern Indians & Com g officer at 
Machias, Humbly Sheweth, 

That while Col° Allan had the Command of the Troops 
Station'd at Machias the past Summer : for the better Securhvy 
of that Place & the Property belonging to this State depos- 
ited there, laid a Foundation for the Building a Fort, but 
the Season coming on very severe he coud not Compleat the 
Same, — and as it is Expedient that said Fort shoud be fin- 
ished, — Your Petitioner Humbly Prays that your Honours 
woud give said Allan Directions respecting the Same, and 
if your Honours Thinks proper to have said Fort finishd 
that you wou'd impower said Allan to employ Teams to 
Draw such Timber as are Necessary, & Direct the Board of 
War to Supply Glass & Nails for a Barrack, and Pick- Axes, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE » 

Shovels, & Wheele Barrows or any tiling Else that may be 
thought Necessary to Carry out Said Work, — 

And as the Bussiness said Allan is employ'd in requires 
that some person shoud be Constantly at Boston to Transact 
& Expidite the same here, Therefore your Petitioner begs 
your Honours woud be pleased to appoint some Person as an 
Agent to Reside at Boston to Transact all the Bussiness with 
said Allan both as Superintendent as well as Commanding 
Officer, to Expidite all Supplys ordered to that Quarter, and 
all other matters that shall be thought Necessary, — 

And your Petitioner likewise woud inform your Honours 
that Stephen Jones of Machias the past Summer, ( tho' Con- 
terary to a resolve of the Honble Court) practised supplying 
the Indians with sperituous Liquors and receiving Furrs & 
Clothing the Property of this State from said Indians in pay- 
ment for the same, & he the said Jones being ComplfUnd off 
Before Benj a Foster Esq. Justice of the Peace for the Cou»ty 
of Lincoln was adjudged to pay the fine mentioned in said 
Resolve, from which s d Jones has appealed to the Court of 
Common Pleas, to be holden at Pownalborough on the first 
Tuesday in June Next, therefore your Petitioner begs y r 
Honours woud Give some Directions respecting the same, 

and y r Petitioner as in Duty bound will ever pray 
Boston May 19 th 1778 Ja 8 Avery. 



Falmouth May 22 d 1778 
Sir 

Whereas by a resolve of the General Court of the 20 th 
of May this Town is required to furnish 19 Men to till up 
the Continental Army & the Militia Officers were enjoyned 
to Cause that number to be raised by lot draft or voluntary 
inlistment, And whereas by another resolve of the same date 
the Brigadier of the County of Cumberland was directed to 



10 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

detach 66 Men from his Brigade to serve in fortifying the 
passes on the North River of which number Colonel Noyce 
is directed to detach 15 Men from his Regement in this 
Town, & the Inhabitants tho' having suffer' d almost every 
thing by the continuance of the most cruel unjust & more 
than savage War in which the Continent are engaged and 
being anxious to put an end as soon as possible thereto by 
doing every thing in their power, engaged 50 Men to rein- 
force our worthy General who we heard expected to be At- 
tacked by the enemy & said he could not make such a Stand 
as might be expected, & having given a large bounty for 
their encouragement & thereby rendered themselves unable 
to supply any further number from their Militia, the Town 
at their last Meeting, took into their consideration whether it 
were more for the interest of our Country to dismiss the 
Above mentioned 50 Men voluntiars, as they must have 
done to comply with the said resolves, & proceed to drauf 1 
agreeably thereto, or retain those already engaged, Adopted 
the latter plan which we hope will meet with the Approba- 
tion of the General Court, and as the Men are desirous of 
joining General Washington & as they make up our propor- 
tion of the 5300 men required by the General Court we by 
the Order of the Town have desired the Honourable Coun- 
cel that they be sent to his Excellency, at the Southward 
and that the bounty and pay Granted by the General Court 
to those who reinforce the Continental Army may be paid to 
this Town, which we hope Our Exertions entitle us to 

We are with great respect your Honours most Obedient 
Humb 1 Serv ts 

Daniel Dole Nath 1 Carll Step" Waite Joseph Noyes Pear- 
son Jones Sellect Men of Falmouth 

To the Honorable Speaker of the House of Representatives 
State Massachusetts Bay 

The Com tee to whom was referred the foregoing Letter 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 11 

beg Leave to report that they are of Opinion that the fifty 

Men mentioned in said Letter, be accepted in Lieu of the 

nineteen Men required of the town of Falm., to serve nine 

Months in Order to reinforce the continental Army, & the 

fifteen Men required of s d Town to serve in fortifying the 

Passes on the North River & that the Bounty & Pay granted 

by the General Court to those who reinforce the continental 

Army be paid to the Town of Falmouth for nineteen Men 

the same Pay for fifteen Men as is given to those who are 

raised to fortify the Passes on the North River & Report a 

Resolve accordingly — 

J Lowell per Order 



My stick May 22 nd 1778 
Sir My Bisness from Falmouth is to attend Capt Partreg 
with his Company of Vollenteers til they Shall be under 
Marching orders, as they are under the Dyrections of the 
Honourable Council by a Resolve of Court whereby they are 
Commisioned But have Marched from Falmouth to Menot- 
amy with out orders where they arive this Day — their Mileg 
being Quit Insufficient for their Support by Reasons of 
Extravigent Charges on the Road — therefore Pray your 
Honours Amediate assistence in granting Such orders as the 
Honourable Counsel Shall think Best — that Capt Partreg 
May Proceed to His Excelency General Washington — Capt 
Partreg has 50 men with him all of fahnouth who have Paid 
their Mileg to Ichy Hill — Mj° Bradesh is So Kind as to 
Deliver this Letter and bring me Your honours answer — 
tlio Small Pox Prevents my waiting on your Honours — 
From Your Honours obedient Servt 

Daniel Ilsley 
To the Honourable Jeremiah Powell Fs(| r 



12 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Mechias May 22 d 1778 
Sir 

My last was of the By the armed schooner Marisheete, 

since which I have had the Honour of receiving several 
Resolves of the General Court, bearing date the 17 th ult° 
regarding affairs in this Department 

The 12 th Instant Two Indians arrived from Penobscutt, 
acquanted me they had Come with Good News from Generell 
Gates and a French Generell Le Featte, Desired I would 
send to Passamaquady for a number of Indians to hold a 
Conference, which I accordingly did — 

The 15 th Ambroise & several others Arrived, on the 16 th 
had the Conference when the Penobscot Indians Deliver'd 
Six Strings of Wampum on Different matters, and a Belt 
from the above French Generell, they delivered their Embessy 
in such a manner as if all was to Give their immediate 
attendence before him, in order that he might take them 
under his Care & Command in behalf of the French King, 
the Youngmen present were all greatly Elated & seem'd 
Determined for the Journey 

I used every Argument to dissuade them from the pur- 
pose, as I was sure no such thing was Intended, Ambroise & 
Pier Tomma both opposed their Going, Cap 1 Nicholas Hair- 
wa was of the greatest Influence Over the Youngmen, very 
Zealous & Determined, his affection for the French Interest 
being Sanguine, it Bro e on a Dispute which form'd three 
partys, Ambroise for America, Nicholas for the French, and 
Pier Tomma Leaning strongly for Britain — this, if not 
stay'd woud Occation a Seperation — 

After sometime I was forced to Consent that Five should 
Go. I was very uneasy because of the want of them they 
being some of the best & Expected no other assistence to 
Defend the place, Five Family, Left which must be sup- 
ported, besides an Expence which Coud not be gote Clear of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 13 

to help them on their Journey. Besides by some hints 
thrown out by the Penobscut Indians, I was Jealous some 
measures were pursuing that was not Right — 

I made a Festival ( which they Term it ) for them, during 
the Entertainment I found the Penobscut Tribe was much 
disatisfied with me. Several Traders on that River having 
made the Indians believe that I had no such Authority as I 
pretended, nor was any Agreements or Writing done By me 
with the Indians of any force, & further that I had taken 
every step to render the Indians of that River Obnoxious to 
Government, for which Reason No supplys were Going to 
them, In Order to have the more to make use of myself, that 
they were now going to their Old Friends the French, who 
woud take better Care of them — 

These kind of reports make strong Impressions often upon 
the mind, rest g when done By any person they had Confided 
in, & very often Raises their Resentment much more, I found 
they had worked upon the passions of our Indians here, to 
Gete them to go of, But the Next day I had another Confer- 
ence, when I found there was a Change, accordingly Deliv d 
me a string of wampum in token of Friendship & Desired I 
woud take them under my Care & Permit the massengers to 
gain Feace, which I Consented to & Promised on the Arrival 
of Major Stillman to Go to Penobscut, & that one shoud Go 
when the Marisheete Return'd to the Genl Court to settle 
matters of Trade, By which a Generall Satisfaction took 
place 

But notwithstanding Content & Joy appear'd & every one 
iV all happy, two days Ago Captain Jack Quensyn whom I 
had Given a Commission, arrived here, with a Complimentary 
Letter from Major Studholm Commanding Oflicer at S l 
Johns, to Pier Toiiiina and all the Tribe Inviting them 
strongly to the Eort, where they should Receive every thing 
they wanted Gratis, that he Expected a Priest every day, no 



14 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

other Condition Required but to keep Still — a few Hours 
after this Receiv rt Intelligence from Captain Preble who is 
Station'd at Passamaquady, that another Indian was among 
those that way with the same — 

Immediately called a Conference of all present, spoke to 
them perticularly about War, Communicated the perticulars 
from France — spoke very sharply about the Indians Going 
to S l Johns — I found them in a good disposition, and pro- 
posed a Certain plan, to be put in immediate Execution, all 
this was received with a Univarsal Applause & a salute took 
place — Just [then I proposed] 

That the First Intended Journey be Laid aside, as it woud 
take up much time Expence and Trouble — That Two 
Young men be immediatly sent to Boston, to pay their Com- 
pliments to some French O fficer in answer to what they had 
received — That they pay Congrat ualary Compliments Both to 
the Americans & French on the Treaty Lately settled — To 
supplicate for a Priest a nd to hear the Certainty of all the 
News &c at head Quarters — 

That Two Indians proceed immediatly for Canada, by the 
River S* Johns with an Account of the Negociations with 
France, Calling & Communicating there matters to the Differ- 
ent Villiges As they go along — That one of the Captains Do 
immediatly proceed & Collect all the Indians Adjacent — to be 
prepared for Scouting & other War proceedings — And that 
a perticular Return be made of all those, who has been at 
the Fort at S* Johns since Last fall, that it may be Trans- 
mitted to Head Quarters & the French Ambassador — 

This is the only step I Coud fall upon, in this sudden 
Emergency, to prevent their going — for notwithstanding 
they are possess'd of many Virtues, they are still savauges in 
Disposition when Oppertunity offers — I am very Jealous 
that while such Valuable supply, is at S* Johns & such great 
Encouragm 18 given — great numbers of the Indians will 
Trade and Be there — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 15 

As I woud give the Hon. Board as Little Troubl e as pos- 
sible, I have sent Lieut. Delesdernier with the Indians to 
take Care of them, Transact for them any bus siness they 
may want Done, and Intr oduc them to any French Gentle- 
men — He is a Master of the French Language , Native of 
Novascotia — I Expect they will be soon Satisfy'd, so as not 
to Be above 3 or 4 days in Boston — 

I think it my Duty to Acquant the Hon be Board, that 
there is a very Gloomy Appearence here, shoud the Enemy 
make an Attempt, which is probable they may do, shoud 
they hear of Our situation, if they did not intend it other- 
wise, Major Stillman Writes me of the 14 th Inst* that he had 
not got a man — only seventeen there — I trust Providence 
will be more favourable then the Leading men in the Eastern 
Country, who are so Ambitious for posts of Honour — 

Passamaquody is filling with disaffected from the West- 
ward, Ineendiarys along shore, aiding & assisting Torys flee- 
ing from Justice — Indeed I Expected the Hon le Court woud 
have Laid some more restraint upon that place. But I find 
persons are Returning there, who was sent up Last fall, that 
must be of the most Evil Consequence to the Eastern Coun- 
try, as well as the Indian affairs, It appears to me Impossi- 
ble that bussiness can be managed with that Accuracy, Cer- 
tainty & safety in such Distant frontier Parts near the En- 
emy — when a more Infamous set of Incendrius Internal 
Enemies, are tolerated to pass to and fro without hinderence 
or molestation. I send some picked up at Passamaquody 
which my friend Colo Jones sent there with his Eldest son — 
also one of Burgoynes which I apprehended ther in his way 
to the Eastward- tin; Hon 1 ' 6 Board will please Grant me 
the Liberty by this Conveyance, to Congratulate them on 
the Great Success of the American Negotiations with the 
Court of France, a Treaty which must Confer Honour on 
the Celebrated men who Negotiated the business, It must 



16 DOCUMENTARY HISTOKY 

Give the greatest Joy to every well wisher of the Libertys 
of mankind — 

Any perticular matters which the Hon be Board might be 
Desirous to know Mr Delesdernier, I doubt not will give 
them full satisfaction 

I have the Honour to Be with the Greatest Respect & 
Esteem Sir Your most Obd. much obliged & very hbl serv 1 

J Allan 

In Council June 10 th 1778 

Read & Ordered — That Timothy Edwards & Joseph 

Simpson Esq rs with such as the Hon le House may join be a 

Committee to take this Letter into Consideration and confer 

with Lieu 4 Delesdernier and the two Warriors from S l John's 

in Nova Scotia & report — 

Jn° Avery D y Sec* 

Sent up for Concurrence 

In the House of Representatives June 10 1778 
Read and Concur d and M r lot Brown Cap 1 Batchelor and 
M r Wood are joyn d in the affair — 

Sam 1 Freeman Spk P T 

The President of the Hon be the Council Board State of 
the Massachusetts Bay — 



Council Order directing Capt. Partridge to march his Com- 
pany of Volunteers to Gen. Washington 's Army. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber May 24, 1778 
You are hereby directed to march the Company of Volun- 
teers Raised in this State & under your command, to the 
American Army under the Command of his Excellency Gen- 
eral Washington, without loss of time 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 17 

* When you arive at Headquarters you will make a report 
to the General of your arival the number & State of your 
Company — You will Receive & follow such orders as you 
shall Receive from the Commander in Chief for the term of 
six months next after your arival at HeadQuarter. 2 

* You will take Especial care that your Company both on 
their march & in Quarters, behave in a Soldier like manner, 
not injuring the person or property of any one. 

2 Of this you will not fail. In the name & by order of the 
Council 

Cap 1 Partridge President 



Cape Elizabeth, — State of Massachusetts Bay, 26 of May 
1778 — 

To the Honourable Council, and the Honourable House of 
Representatives in Great and General Court Assembled. — 

This memorial humbly Sheweth. That whereas the Great 
and General Court of this state, did on the 20.. of April last, 
pass a Resolve, that the Several Towns in this State are 
order'd to raise 2000. Men to reinforce the Continental Army 
and did on the Same Day pass another Resolve for raseing 
1300 of the militia thereof to fortify the Passes of the North 
River: the Quota of this Town for the Continental Army is 
nine, and the Draught from the Militia is eight : We imedi- 
ately rais'd the Nine men for the filling of the fifteen 
Battalions 

But altho we have from the beginning of the Contest 
between great Brittain and the oppressed States, done every 
thing in our power to preserve the just Rights and Privi- 
ledges of the united States, and are Still determed to Defend 
the Same with our lives and Fortunes, to the last Extremity ; 
yet have not Drafted the Eight men from the Militia, to for- 
tify and secure the Passes of the North River: 



18 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

This is therefore humbly and earnestly to intreat the Hon- 
ourable Court, that we may be excused therefrom for the 
following Reasons ( viz ) — 

1. When the order came out for raiseing fifteen Battalions 
in this State, for the Continental A 1*1113% anc ^- our Quota was 
Known, we instantly raised the men ; and as a Considerable 
part of our Effective men, who before the War, were employ'd 
in Navigation, and the fishery were now thrown out of busi- 
ness, and several Towns in this State who enclin'd to Keep 
their own men at home, for reasons best Known to them- 
selves, took the advantage of our circumstances and sent 
recruiting officers among us to inlist men for them Selves, 
who inlisted thirty or more, and as we did not know 
then, that it would be to our disadvantage as a Town, we 
made no opposition to the Measure, tho we now sensably feel 
the bad effects ; more over, since the first levy was made for 
raiseing fifteen Battalions, a number of Familys have removed 
into the back Settlements, so that we do by no means now 
bail* the same proportion with many of the Towns in the state 
that we then did. — 

2. This Town lies upon the entrance of the Harbour of 
Falmouth, where Fourt Hancock stands, and there are twenty 
two men Station'd there in all which belong to this Town, 
and Consequently lesen our ability to send men abroad, and 
Should the Enemy enter this Harbor, it will be of the utmost 
importance that the Fourt should be well mand, and that 
instantly, which from its situation cant be done but by the 
Militia of this Town. — 

3 Our number of men being greately Deminished as 3 r our 
honours must be sensible we have not now men enough to 
carry on the husbandry, and should we be oblig'd to send off 
more men we have just reason to fear the Town must greately 
suffer for want of bread once more — 

4 As this Town is not Calculated by Nature to produse 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 19 

much provisions and as we Lave not only the familys of our 

own Soulders to provide for, but also the familys of those 

who serve for other Towns, it still makes our burden the 

greater. 

We your Memorialest therefore humbly pray, that the 

Honourable Court would take our case into your wise and 

Parental Consideration, and releas us from the obligation to 

draft eight men from the Militia to fortify the Passes on the 

North River — and that if this Court think it cant releas 

us consistant with Wisdom and prudence from the afore Said 

obligation, that it would not impose any upon us, and upon 

information that the prayer of the memorial is not granted, 

we will do to the utmost of our power to forward the men. — 

And we } r our Memorials in duty bound Shall ever pray 

Daniel S trout 1 , Joshua Jordan Capt 

V Selectmen r 

Benja Jordan J Daniel Strout Cap tn 



The Deposition of Saml Jordan of Lawfull age testifieth 
and saith that being att the House of Doctor Ivory Hovey 
in Union River on the 14 Instant, a Will" 1 Tupper Deputy 
sheriff came to said House, and I then and their heard said 
Hovey read an order from the Gen 11 Court Directed to 
Nathan Jones or the Officer who attached the property of 
said Hoveys, be, and he hereby is directed and commanded 
to deliver without Delay to the said Hovey all and Every 
part of the property of the Said Hovey which he the said 
Jones has taken or that have been taken by his order in con- 
sequence of any power he the said Jones received from the 
owners of the sloop advance, and I then and their heard the 
said Hovey by virtue of the above order make a demand of 
tin' aforesaid william Tupper Deputy sheriff the officer who 
attached said Hoveys property, of two oxen and one Cow 



20 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and the said Tupper then and their Refused to comply with 
said order of the Genl Court and further saith not — 

Saml Jordan 
Union River May 27 th 1778. 

War Office, 29 th May 1778 
M r Jon a Lowder 

Sir In the last Invoice you received from us, 
we ommitted the several Articles, deliverd you by the Com- 
missary General ; the defeciancy we have supplied, & inclose 
you the Invoice compleat for which we have made you 
debtor. — 

We are you very hum ble Servants By Order of the Board, 

John Brown Pres* g T. 

War Office May 29 th 1778 
Cap* Stephen Smith 

Sir Inclosed you have Invoice Sundrys for supplys 

for the Troops, Indians & Truck House at your place ; for 

which we have taken M r Averys receipt, & made you debtor; 

you please to dispose of & deliver those articles, as directed 

by Court: keeping a perticular account thereof, that you 

may be prepared to settle your accounts, without diffeculty 

when thereto required. — 

We are with regard your very humble serv 1 By Order of 

the Board 

John Brown Pres* p T 

P S. the Wampum & Beads stand a blank to be filld up 

another time when we shall fix the price 



To the Hon bl the Council & Hon bl House of Representa- 
tives of the State of Massachusetts Bay The Petition of the 
Inhabitants of the Township of Gouldsborough in the County 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 21 

of Lincoln Humbly Shews — that your Petitioners & Fami- 
lys are in a Deplorable Situation occasioned by the total 
Stagnation of the Lumber Trade, upon which we mostly De- 
pended for a Living, and the Frequent Allarms, whereby we 
was obliged to March to Machias the last year, Intirely pre- 
vented us from Raising any Provisions for our Familys, or 
proeureing Hay for our Cattle which has occasion'd the Loss 
of many of them during the Winter & Spring, and now 
leaves your Petitioners hardly able to do their Spring work 
on their Farms for want of Provisions for themselves — and 
whereas we are Inform'd that M r Dan 1 . Wright who stiles 
himself the Chairman of the Committee of this place, ( altho' 
Ellected by themselves at an Illegal meeting ) is about to 
present a Petition to your Honors in behalf of the place, we 
are to beg your Honors that nothing may be Granted to him 
in our behalf, as from his Former Conduct We have no Rea- 
son to Expect any favours from him, your Petitioners there- 
fore Humbly Pray that your Honors would be pleased to 
take the Deplorable situation of your Petitioners & Familys 
in your Wise Consideration & make such a Grant to Francis 
Shaw Esq* of Boston in Corn & other Neccessarys as in your 
wisdom you may think proper and your Petitioners as in 
duty bound will ever pray 
Goldsborough May 1778 
John Woodman Daniel Tibbets James Clark 

Jonathan Tracey Jen Allen William Sargent 

Benj Aith W" 1 Shaw Benjamin Woodman 

Noah Young Benj Glasier James Noonan 

John Hanson Samuel Libbey William tibbets 

Ephraim Young Paul Kuins John gubteail Sen r 

William Allen 

Ai ;i Meeting of the Freeholders and other Inhabitants of 
tin- Town of Edgcumb duly Qualified and Legally warn 'd, in 



22 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

public town meeting Assembled at the Dwelling house of M r 
William Cleford Inholder in Said Town — on Tuesday the 
Second Day of June Anno Domini 1778 at Ten o'Clock in 
the forenoon — after a Moderator was Chosen — the Question 
was put to see if the Town would approve the form of Gov- 
ernment when then Laid before them, agreeable to a Resolve 
of the General Court the members then present Voted in the 
Negative — Unanimously — the Number of Voters was fif- 
teen present at Said Meeting the Reason of so few in Num- 
ber being at Said meeting — it was an Extream Rainy Day 
and very Difficult Traveling as many had some Distance to 
Travel they did not attend Said Meeting 
Given under our hands at Edgcumbe this Second Day of 
June A. D 1778. — 

Moses Davis Joseph Decker John Cunningham Solomon 
Trask N Herrenden Will Cunningham, Select men and Com- 
mittee of Edgcumbe 



the deposition of Sam 1 Jordan Jun r of Lawfull age testifi- 
ed and Saith 13 th day of May 1778 being at house of Nathan 
Jones Esq I then and there heard Ivory hovey make a 
demand of s d Jones of Some Cattle ( that where attach on 
account of the Sloop advance ) by virtue of an order from 
the gennerall Court which I hovey bid them Read to Sd 
Jones and after wards Sufred him to peruse but S d Jones 
absolutly refused to deliver the them to the S d hovey to the 
afore Said order and further Saith not 

Samuel Jordan Jun r 

Cumberland Ss Falmouth June 5 th 1778 
The abovenamed Samuel Jordan Jun 1 ' made Oath to the 
above Deposition by him Sign'd 

Coram Enoch Freeman Just 8 Peace 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 23 

the deposition of Same 1 Jordan Jun r of Lawfull age testi- 
fieth and Saith that being at the house of Doctor Ivory hovey 
in Union River on the 14 th May 1778 Will 1 " Tupper Deputy 
Sherif Came to S d hoveys house and I then and there heard 
S d hovey Read an order from the General Court Directed to 
Nathan Jones or officer who attach d the property of S d hovey 
and he thereby is directed and Commanded to deliver with 
out delay, to the S d hovey all and Every part of the prop- 
erty of the s d hovey which he the S d Jones has taken or that 
has been taken by his order in Consiquence of any power he 
the S d Jones Received from the oners of the Sloop advance 
and I then heard the S d hovey by vertoue of the afore S d 
order make a demand of the afore S d William Tupper deputy 
Sheref the officer who attach d S d hoveys property of two 
oxen and one Cow and the S d Tupper then and there Refus d 
to Comply with S d order of the generall Court yet acknowl- 
edged that in Consiqunce of an action Commenced against 
the S d hovey for the Sloop advance they where taken and 
what he did was by Col Nathan Jones order and further Said 
not Samuel Jordan Jun r 

Cumberland Ss Falmouth June 5 th 1778 
the abovenamed Samuel Jordan Jun r made Oath to the 
Truth of the above Deposition by him signed. 

Coram Enoch Freeman Just 8 Peace 



In the House of Representatives June 8 th 1778 
Whereas the Town of Falmouth have voluntarily sent into 
the continental Army fifty Men to serve untill the last Day 
of November next which Exertion Deserves Notice & Encour- 
agement — 

It is resolved that the Town of Falmouth be exempted 
from sending any men in Pursuance of the Resolve of the 



24 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

General Assembly of the 20 th of April to fill up the Conti- 
nental Army by a Reinforcement of nine Months & another 
Resolve of the same Date for forty fying the Passes on the 
North River & that said Town be paid the Bounty & pay 
granted to those who reinforce the Continental Army for 
nineteen Men & the same Pay for fifteen Men as is given to 
those who are raised to fortify the Passes on the North 
River — 

sent up for concurrence Sam 1 Freeman Spk r P T 

In Council June 9, 1778 Read & Concurred 

.In Avery D y Sec y 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives June 9, 1778 
Whereas it appears upon Examination of the Accounts of 
the Treasurer of the County of York, that all the monies 
Granted & Allowed by the Court of General Sessions of the 
Peace for said County for the year 1778 were for Such Pur- 
poses & Appropriations as the Law impowered Said Court to 
grant 

Therefore Resolved That Said Account be Allowed — A 
sent up for concurrence Sam 1 Freeman Spk P T 

at A add, and that the said Treasurer be further Account- 
able for the sum of Thirty six pounds two shillings & eleven 
pence half penny a sum that remains due in his hands 

In Council June 9, 1778 Read & Concurred 

Jn° Avery D y Sec y 



In the House of Representatives June 10 1778 

The House by Ballot unanimously made choice of the fol- 
lowing Gentlemen as Field officers for the second Regiment 
of Militia in the County of York, viz 1 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 25 

Ichabod Goodwin Colonel Joseph Prime Lieutenant Colo- 
nel John Shapley First Major Sam 1 Leighton Second Major 

The House by ballot made choice of the following Gentle- 
men as Field Officers for the first Regiment of Militia in the 
County of York — viz 

Edward Grow Colonel John Littlefield Lieut Coll. John 
Nowall fust Maj. Daniel Littlefield second Maj. 

The House by Ballot unanimously made choice of the fol- 
lowing Gentlemen as Field Officers for the third Regiment 
of Militia in the County of York viz 1 — 

Thomas Cutts Colonel Jonathan Stone Lieu 1 Colonel 
Humphrey Fiske first Major Sam 1 Waterhouse second Major 

Sent up for Concurrence 

Commissions made out Sam 1 Freeman Spk P T 

In Council June 10, 1778 Read & Concurred 

Jn° Avery D y Sec y 

State of Massachusetts Bay 
In the House of Representatives June 10, 1778 

on the Petition of the Inhabitants of a New Plantation 
called Bridgton, in the County of York, or Cumberland, 
Praying for an abatement of the Public taxes, assessed on 
them, by the Assessors of the Town of Fryeburg, 

Resolved, that the Inhabitants of Said Plantation Notify 
the Assessors of Said Fryeburg, by Serving them with a 
Coppy of this Petition, with the order thereon, that they 
shew Cause if any they have, on the Second Tuesday of the 
>. ' set Setting of this Court, why the Prayer thereof, should 
not he granted. 

and that the Collector or Collectors of taxes for the Said 
Town of Fryeburg be & they are hereby ordered to Desist & 
Stay from Collecting any of Said taxes, from the Inhabitants 
of Siiid Bridgton untill the further order of this Court. 
Sent up for Concurrence Sam 1 Freeman Spk P T 



26 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

In Council June 10, 1778 Read & Concurred 

Jn° Avery D y Sec y 

In Council Sep r 29, 1778 Read & ordered — that William 
Sever Esq with Such as the Hon'ble House shall appoint be 
a Committee to consider this Petition & reply thereto, hear 
the Parties & report — 

Sent down for Concurrence Jn° Avery D y Sec y 

In the House of Representatives Oct 1, 1878 

Read & Concurred & Coll Coffin & M. Sexton are join'd 

John Pickering Spk r 



State of Massachusetts Bay. 
In the House of Representatives June 12 th 1778 

Resolved that there be paid out of the publick Treasury 
to the Rev d Daniel Little of Wells a sum of money sufficient 
to enable him to erect a building of thirty five feet by twenty 
five, suitable for the purpose of manufacturing Steel, also to 
build a furnace and common blacksmith's forge, and to enable 
him to purchase utensils requisite for preparing and examin- 
ing the barrs, provided the whole does not exceed the sum of 
Four Hundred and fifty Pounds on Condition that the said 
Little shall engage to carry the art of manufacturing Steel to 
as great perfection as possible, within the reach of his present 
Knowledge or any future acquirements, and to communicate 
the same Without any reserve to the General Court of this 
State, when they shall judge it will be most beneficial to the 
public 

Sent up for Concurrence Sam 1 Freeman Spk r P T 

In Council June 15, 1778 Read & Concurred 

Jn° Avery D y Sec y 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 27 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives June 13, 1778 

Whereas in Consequence of an Exertion made by the 
Town of Falmouth to reinforce the Continentall Army 
whereby that Town engaged fifty Volunteers to serve in said 
Army untill the last Day of November next this Court have 
exempted it from the Draught of 1800 Men Ordered by a 
Resolve of court that passd the 12 th Current to be made for 
the Defence of this State and the State of Rhode Island and 
whereas Sixteen of the said fifty Volunteers have not receved 
any Encouragement of Bounty or Pay from this State and it 
appearing Just and reasonable that equal encouragement be 
given to those who are willing to risque their lives in Defence 
of the Common Cause — 

Resolved that there be allowed to the Town of Falmouth 
the same Bounty and pay for the sixteen men above men- 
tioned ( exclusive of Continental Pay ) as is promised to such 
as shall engage or be Draughted agreably to the Resolve 
aforesaid 

Sent up for Concurrence 

Sam 1 Freeman Spk P T 

In Council June 15 th 1778 Read & Nonconcured 

Jn° Avery D y Sec y 
In Council June 23 d 1778 
Read & the Board reconsidered their State of the 15. 

Instant and Concurr with the House 

Jn° Avery D* Sec y 

Petition of Selectmen of Ihpsham. 

State of Massachusetts Bay — 
To the hon° the Council and honorable house of Represent- 
in ivi-s for said State in great and General Court assembled. 

The petition of the Selectmen of Topsham in the county 
of Lincoln humbly shews 



28 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

That the warrant for their annual town meeting on the 
21 st day of March A D 1776 was signed & posted up at the 
meeting house there, by two of their selectmen — that no 
return was made upon it tho it remains on file in the Clerks 
office and that it has never been recorded in the town book 
of Records — whereby doubts have arisen whether the said 
meeting was legally warned & whether any of the proceed- 
ings of it in raising money choosing town officers &c are 
legal & valid, and consequently whether there have been any 
persons there legally authorized to call town meetings since. 
That the Town meeting in March 1777 was notified by a 
Constable chosen in said disputed meeting in March 1776, by 
virtue of an order from the selectmen chosen at the same 
meeting in 1776, as the law directs, but that tho a regular 
return was made by said Constable on said select mens order, 
yet said order & return, now on file in the Clerks office have 
never been recorded, nor y e Order & return for the March 
meeting in March 1778 tho on file been recorded, and doubts 
have also arisen whether the persons who called the town 
meeting in March 1778 were legally impowered to do it, by 
reason of said defect in calling the meeting for March 1776. 
And whereas by means of said doubts & disputes respecting 
the legality of said meetings, The present town officers are 
afraid to discharge their duty, & many of said Inhabitants 
refuse to pay their rates, or to yield obedience to their said 
town officers, and the town is brought into a state of difficulty 
and confusion : tho the Inhabitants of said town were in fact 
notified of said Meeting in March 1776 & in General as 
usual attended the same & the proceedings thereof & of 
every town meeting since have been open & known & fair & 
upright — 

Wherefore your petitioners humbly pray that the choice of 
Town officers and other votes and proceedings of said Town 
meetings, in March 1776, 1777 & 1778 or any other meetings 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 29 

since March 1776 may be established & declared valid to all 
intents & purposes, the irregularities & defects afores d not- 
withstanding, and also notwithstanding an}' possible defect 
or irregularity in the choice of the selectmen who warned 
said Meeting in March 1776. and your petitioners as in Duty 
bound shall Ever pray 

James Fulton James Potter John Merrill 
Topsham June 15 th Selectmen of Topsham 



This may Sartifi to home it may Concearn that wee the 
Committe of Damiscota give order and power to Cap* 
Anthony Chapman if upon tacking advice with Sum of the 
Members of the grate and general Cort of this State that it 
is beast to Draw over the petition Sent up by him for Incor- 
proating this plantation and state the bounds properly as it 
is altered to tack arther Noble in and to Sign our Names as 
witnessess our hands 

June y e 15/1778 the Committee of Damiscota Anthony 
Chapman Francis Tufts Joseph Rust 



State of Mass' 1 Hay, York Ss. June 16 th 1778. 

Then M r Solomon Littlefield of Wells in said County Per- 
sonally appearing Solemnly made Oath That he had Manu- 
factured in Wells afore s d Ninety Bushells of Salt out of Sea 
water in and between July and Decem r 1777, and sold the 
same at two Dollars a Bush 1 agreeable to the Acts of this 
State, for which he has rec' 1 no bounty before me 

Dan 1 Moulton Jus Peace 

In Council Sep' 7, 177* Read & Allowed & Ordered 

That a Warrant lie drawn on the Treasury for X13.10/ in 

full discharge of tin; above Bounty 

Jn° Avery D y Sec y 



30 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

To the Hon bl the Gen 1 assembly of the Massachusetts Bay 
conven d at Watertown, the Petition of Ivory Hovey humbly 
shewetk that he prefer* a petition to the General Court Ap 1 
last, praying that his property taken by one Nathan Jones 
might be restor d to him upon which the hon bl Court took the 
Order herewith transmitted — But notwithstanding the good 
Intention of the hon bl Court to Deliver an injured man, yet 
it has not had the wish' 1 for Effect, for the s d Jones absolutely 
refus d compliance with the Order, as also did the Officer, 
by whom the s d Goods were taken which will ap r by the 
inclos d Depositions 

Y r Petitioner therefor must once more apply to the Fathers 
of his Country for Relief. 

He is the more urgent in the matter, at present, as he is 
now going to his Duty, as Surg" to Co 11 Wigglesworth's Reg 1 
in the army, and would wish to see his little Family enjoy 
his Cows, and what other property he has, for their support 
while he is defending his country — Your Hon" will please 
to consider his Case, and afford him that Relief that you in 
your wisdom shall see mete, and as in Duty bound will pray — 

Ivory Hovey 

In Council June 17:1778 Read & thereupon Ordered 

that Daniel Hopkins Esq r with such as the Hon'ble House 

shall appoint be a Committee to take into Consideration this 

Petition with the papers accompanying the same & report 

what may be proper to be done thereon — 

Sent down for Concurrence 

Jn° Avery D y gec y 

In the House of Representatives, June 16, 1778, Read & 
Concurred and Col Peck and Col Coffin are joyned 

Sam 1 Freeman Spk P T 

The Com te of both Houses to whom was refered the Peti- 
tion of Ivory Hovey, report the following Resolves 

Dan Hopkins gr Ord r 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 31 

On the Petition of Ivory Hovey representing that the Order 
of the General Court of the 29 th of ap. last to Nathan Jones, 
and W m Tupper was not complied with, and praying for 
Relief, 

Resolved that the s d Hovey be, and he is hereby directed 
to take his property, of every kind, taken by the s d Jones or 
by the s d Tupper by the s d Jones's Order or by any other 
person under the Direction of the s d Jones, in consequence of 
any power he the s d Jones has received, or has pretended to 
have received from the Owner of the Sloop advance : — 

And it is further Resolved that the Sheriff of the County 
of Lincoln be, and he hereby is commanded to take into his 
Custody the s d Nathan Jones and W m Tupper deputy Sheriff 
and them bring, as soon as may be before this Court or the 
Council in the Recess, there to wait further Order. — 

In Council June 18, 1778 Read & accepted 
Sent down for Concurrence 

Jn° Avery D y Sec y 

In the House of Representatives June 18 1778 
Read & Concurred — 

Sam 1 Freeman Spk P T 



Petition of Davis Hatch. 

To the Honorable the Council & House of Representatives 
in General Court assembled — 

The petition of Davis Hatch of Povvnalboro in the County 
of Lincoln Mariner Humbly Sheweth that an Action of the 
Case was by him commenced against Thomas Gilpatrick of 
Newcastle in the County aforesaid Yeoman upon a Note of 
hand & account to be heard & tryed at an Inferior Court of 
Common pleas held at said Pownalborough within & for the 
said County on the last Tuesday of September last & after a 



32 DOCUMENTARY HJSTORY 

tryal of said Action at the Court aforesaid ( a verdict being 
found for the said Thomas & Judgment rendered according ) 
the said Davis appealed to the Superiour Court of Judicature 
&c then next to be holden at Falmouth in the County of 
Cumberland for the Counties of Cumberland & Lincoln with 
full intention to prosecute said appeal, but ( through the for- 
getfulness of his attorney who did not Instruct him in that 
particular ) did not Recognize as the Laws of this State 
direct for a prosecution of the same ; whereby your petiti r is 
precluded from bringing forward said action as aforesaid & 
has entirely lost the benefit of his debt unless your Hon" 
should see meet to afford him relief — Wherefore your 
petitioner prays that your Hon 18 would take the same into 
your wise Consideration & permit him to bring forward said 
Appeal to the next Superior Court to be held at Falmouth 
in the County of Cumberland for the Counties of Cumber- 
land & Lincoln & do & transact every other matter relative 
thereto as tho' your petitioner had recognized as the Law 
directs & as in duty bound shall pray &c 

Pownal borough 1778 Davis Hatch 

In the House of Representatives June 19 th 1778 

Resolved that the Prayer of said Petition be so far granted 
as that the said Davis Hatch notify the said Thomas Gilpat- 
rick by Serving him with an Attested Copy of said Petition 
and this Order thereon to appear on the Second Wednesday 
of the next Setting of the General Court to Shew Cause ( if 
any he have ) why the prayer of said Petition should not be 
granted — 

Sent up for Concurrence Sam 1 Freeman Spk r P. T. 

In Council June 20 th 1778 Read & Concurred 

John Avery D y Sec y 

A true copy Attest John Avery D y Sec y 

N. B. the G. Court sits 1 st Wednesday Septem r next 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 33 

Lincoln Ss July 29 th 1778 Then I Notified the said 

Thomas Gilpatrick of the above petition & order by leaving 

an attested Copy of the same at his Dwelling House 

David Murray Deputy Sheriff 
Fees 56/10 



State of Massachusetts Bay 
In the House of Representatives June 23' 1 1778 
Resolved that the Board of War be and they are hereby 
directed to present a Fire Arm to each of the three Indian 
Chiefs of the Penobscot Tribe now on their Return home 
from Albany & also a Fire Arm to the Indian who accom- 
panies them — 

Sent up for Concurrence Sam 1 Freeman Spk P. T. 

In Council June 22 d Read & Concurred 

Jn° Avery D? Sec y 



To the Honorable the Great and General Court of the 
State of the Massachusetts Bay 

The Petition of the Committee of Inspection, Correspond- 
ence and safety of the town of Boothbay in the County of 
Lincoln Humbly Sheweth, 

That by a Resolve of the Honorable Court, passed Sep* 
22 rt 1777, the Board of War were directed to send to your 
Petitioners two nine and two six pound cannon with Car- 
riages and implements complete, & fifty rounds of powder 
and ball for each piece, and your Petitioners are by said 
Resolve, made accountable for the same. 

That instead thereof your Petitioners received one twelve 
& two four pound iron pieces with carriages, and the imple- 
ments and ordonnance stores in the annexed schedule men- 
tioned : 



34 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

That your Petitioners have too much confidence in the 
Honor and Justice of the General Court, to suspect in that 
Honorable body, any design of making them Accountable for 
any thing which was never committed to their care : 

Yet it appears to them that, if said resolve has not under- 
gone some alterations they may, in some future time, be 
called upon to restore or pay for all that it consigns to them : 
and therefore they pray your Honors to order an enquiry 
into the Execution of said Resolve & take such order thereon 
as to Justice shall appertain ; that whilst the State is secured 
from fraud on the one hand your Petitioners may be indem- 
nified in the line of their Duty on the other. 

Your Petitioners beg leave further to add, that by said 
Resolve it is likewise ordered that a Company of fifty men to 
be commanded by one Captain and two Lieuts. be raised and 
stationed in this town: and we cannot doubt that it then 
appeared to the Hon ble Court, that such a Company was 
necessary not only for the defence of the place, considered as 
peculiarly exposed to the ravage of the Common enemy, but 
also for the preservation of said cannon & the ordonnance 
accompanying the same ; 

The exposure being unvariable, and the animosity of our 
foes unabated, the Hon bl Court will easily perceive the dan- 
gers of this town to be no less now than when said Company 
was granted ; and your Petitioners are constrained humbly 
to remonstrate to your Honors that our dangers have been 
greatly enhanced partly by the Spirit of privateering that has 
carried off great part of the able bodied men in this place ; 
partly by the late draughts for the various departments in 
the Continental army, in which this town has never failed to 
bear its part, tho' the people were conscious that by so doing 
they stripped themselves naked of every resource that 
remained among themselves for their own defence : and 
partly even by the aforesaid Grant of Cannon and warlike 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 35 

stores ; inasmuch as these things become a proper bait, by 
which our enemies have been induced to pay a degree of 
attention to this place which it is probable might otherwise 
have been directed to posts of greater importance: — But 
that 

Notwithstanding the great additions hereby made to the 
hazard of this town, already obviously eminent & peculiar, 
the Resolve for the raising of said Company has never been 
executed : and your Petitioners beg leave to remark that, 
whatever might be thought of it by the Hon ble Court, it did 
at that time appear to every one in these parts, to be impos- 
sible by any influence whatever to procure the voluntary 
enlistment of one man in the Eastward to serve in said Com- 
pany upon the establishment settled by said resolve, whilst 
no less than a third more was at the same time allowed to 
another company for the same purpose ordered to be raised 
& stationed at Machias in the same County. 

That in consequence of our greatly weakened circum- 
stances this town is not able to furnish men sufficient for the 
defence of the place & still less sufficient for the safety & 
improvement of the said cannon &c in addition thereto ; & 
we cannot expect on any alarm to receive from the adjacent 
places any reinforcements competent to answer these pur- 
poses in less than thirty, forty or perhaps sixty hours after 
the appearance of an enemy in our harbour during which 
time they will be able easily to have effected their hostile 
purposes & dissappeared. 

That therefore the Inhabitants who are chiefly exposed 
have been obliged to keep all their valuables removed to 
secret places in the woods, and your Petitioners have, for the 
same reasons, been constrained to convey the said Cannon & 
stores lo such places as render it impossible for this people 
to avail themselves of any help from them in case of alarm, 
merely for sake of keeping them out of the enemy's reach : 



36 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Upon the whole your Petitioners after patient & silent 
expectation of the company granted as aforesaid being 
ordered this Spring to be raised upon such establishment as 
may be adequate to support it ; & finding that nothing has 
been done to that purpose — but that on the contrary the 
Hon bl Court has gone on to demand more of the few aged & 
infirm or boj's that yet remain among us 

think it their duty thus humbly to lay themselves at the 
feet of the Hon bl Court humbly praying that your Honors 
would be pleased to take their case into your wise considera- 
tion & order the said Company to be forthwith raised & sta- 
tioned in this place upon a suitable establishment or otherwise 
to release your Petitioners from this obligation to be account- 
able for the military stores committed to them, & direct them 
in what manner to dispose of the same agreeable to the mind 
of the Hon ble Court, & your Petitioners as in duty bound 
Shall ever pray 

Boothbay June 24 th 1778 Signed p r order & in the name 

of said Committee 

by Edward Emerson Chairman 

In Council Sept. 17, 1778 Read & sent down 

Jn° Avery D y Sec y 



Schedule of Cannon and ordonnance Stores delivered to 
the Committee of Boothbay 

1 iron Cannon twelve pounder 91 Cartridges for d° 25 
Canister shot for d° 100 round balls for d° 19 double headed 
shot for 2 four pound d° 99 four pound balls for d° 142 
Cartridges for d° 24 Canister shot for d° 1 knapsack 6 live 
matches 3 priming wires 3 powder horns 2 hammers 6 hand 
ropes 3 spunges 1 handspike 3 wormers 2 gimblets 4 match 
staffs 1 ladle 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 37 

Machias June 26 th 1778 
Sir 

The multiplicity of business which has Lately sur- 
rounded me in settleing matters for the Insuing Season, and 
the sudden Notice of this Opp°, prevents my being perticu- 
lar or properly Answering the Din 01 matters by M r Avery — 

Shall only by this inform the Hon be Board that on Mon- 
day the 22 d Inst, one Serg 1 & Eight Soldiers belonging to 
the Royall Sensible Americans & the Loyall Novascotia Vol- 
unteers Arrived here from the River S l John in a small 
schooner belonging to Major Studholm, 

The major was sending her with a Packet to Annapolis 
But the Serg 1 who was not Concerned in the Rising hove it 
overboard, the Serg 1 is a Prisoner shall send him to the 
Westward By 1 st Opp° — the others has taken the Oath of 
Allegience to the states & Granted them passports 

The Bearer M r William Lambart Arived the same day 
with his family & from the character I have rec d of him from 
several persons, I believe him to be of the Greatest assistence 
to the unhappy Prisoners & others of America, he will Be 
able to Inform the Hon be Board of any News — 

I have just Compleated the marisheete & whale Boats, for 
a Cruise to Passamaquady, where all the Indians Adjacent 
are Assembling, Intend also to stop an Intercourse which 
Growing to fast among the Enemy. I shall sail to morrow — 

The Indians I sent with Copys of Docter Franklines Let- 
ter respecting the Treaty are return'd after Delivering them 
to other Indians to be forwarded to Canada, & rec d severel 
pledges of friendship, & yesterday rec d a Letter for 21 Cana- 
dians (who arrived at Penobscut ) Informing me that they 
met the Letters near Quebec, & Directed the Indians where 
to go — they inform me that the people of Canada almost 
I niversal, are Determined to join the States, an Excursion 
up S l Johns river woud be beneficial, 



38 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Excuse this scroll have not time to Correct am with Due 
Respect Sir 

Your most Obd. very hbser 
M r Jeremiah Powell J Allan 



State of Massachusntts Bay 

Council Chamber June 29, 1778 
Ordered — That the Commissary General be and he hereby 
is directed to dispose of such of the Feathers and Peltry that 
he rec d from the Truck House at Mechias as the Board of 
War does not want for the use of this State — said Commis- 
sary to be accountable for the same 

read & accepted Jn° Avery D y Sec y 



To the Honorable Board of War now Sitting at Boston in 
and for the state of the Massachusetts bay gentle men I beg 
leave to aquaint your Honours that I am sensable of your 
gratitude in furnishing me with a vessel to bring Lumber to 
you from the Distressed Inhabitants at Frenchmans bay in 
whoes behalf I come here by their apointment I would 
farther enform you that I am Sensable of their Distressed 
condition for want of provision and in perticular for bread 
kind if your Honours will be pleased to send them Suplies 
I will See that Pay is made at the Delivery of it and ameadate 
pay made you in wood or Lumber of any kind fish and 
oil which Shall be deliv'red to you at boston at the market 
Cash price in behalf of my Self and the above mentioned 
people I pray your wise and Compasonate Consideration to 
Direct for us as your honours shall think best and your peti- 
tioner will ever pray Dan 1 Sullivan 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 39 

Falmouth July 2 1778 

Dear Sir I take the first opertunity to Inform you and 

the Rest of the Honourable Bord of War that I Saife ariv'd 

in the Harbour of Casko Ray at Six p m after a passage of 

40 Days I shall take as a favor of you to Right as much as 

possible you Can by the bearer of this Letter meening my 

.Mate so Lett me Know in What manner I am to proceed as 

it has pleased God to preserve So far I Should be glad to 

Tarry here till I have orders in what Manner to proceed pray 

Sir Excues my Scrawle for i Right in a Hurry Sir I am 

your most Obed Humble Servent 

John Harvis 

Council Chamber July 17, 1778 — 

To M r Samuel Fletcher 
Sir, 

Congress having been pleased to Commit to the Con- 
tinental Board of War the Care of the Cloathing belonging 
to the United States Arrived & which shall Arrive in the 
Eastern Department & the Board of War having desired this 
Board would Appoint a suitable Person to take ye immediate 
Charge of such Cloathing We repairing special Confidence in 
your fidelity & Care have appointed you to Execute this 
trust & you are accordingly to take immediate Charge of y e 
said Cloathing & dispose of the same pursuant to the resolve 
of Congress & the Instructions from ye Board of War 
deliver'd you herewith, We must enjoin it upon you to use 
all possible Diligence Fidelity & Dispatch in the Business 
Committed to your Care. — 

in the name & in behalf of the Council J S Prend J P 



State of the Massachusetts Bay in New England Essex Ss 

The Government and People of the said State To the sev- 

• •lal Sheriffs of Our Countys of Essex Suffolk Cumberland 



40 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and Lincoln, their respective under Sheriffs or Deputys 
Greeting — 

Whereas Stephen Hall of Boston in Our County of Suffolk 
Wharfinger and Peleg Crooker of Situate in Our County of 
Plymouth Coaster before our Justices of Our Superior Court 
of Judicature &ca held at Ipswich in Our County of Essex 
on the third Tuesday of June last recover'd Judgment for 
restitution of a certain Sloop call'd the Nan of burthen about 
Eighty Tons, her Cargo & appurtenances, ( which was 
Libelled in the Maritime Court for the Eastern District in 
our said State by James Cargill & others, and by decree of 
the same Court) Execution of which Judgment doth still 
remain to be done — 

We Command you therefore that without delay you cause 
the said Sloop Nancy with her Cargo & appurtenances, if 
they may be found in either of your precincts to be restored 
to the said Stephen Hall and Peleg Crooker, they paying 
your fees for so doing: and make return of this am't with 
your doings therein, into the Office of the Clerk of Our said 
Court as soon as may be — Witness William Cushing Esq r 
at Boston the ninth day of July in the Year of Our Lord 
1778 

Sam 1 Winthrop Clerk 

Cumberland Ss July 18 th 1778 In obedience to the 
within writ of Execution I have taken the Sloop Nancy 
within mentioned found at North Yarmouth in my precinct, 
& delivered & restored her to Benjamin Shaw attorney to 
the within named Hall & Crooker for their use with two 
Anchors & Cables her standing & running Riging, but with- 
out Cargo Boat or Sails, she having none in, upon, or about 
her when I found her 

Benjamin Bayley Dep y Sher. 

A Copy Attest Oliver Peabody Clerk 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 41 

Letter to y e Cont 1 Board of War July n d 1778 

Council Chamber Boston July 22 d 1778 
Gentlemen 

We now Acknowledge the receipt of your Letter of the 
23 of June last and in pursuance of your request to appoint 
a person of Judgment Care & activity to take the immediate 
charge of the Cloathing arrived or that may Arrive on 
Account of the United States in the Eastern Department we 
have Appointed M r Samuel Fletcher to this Business & have 
directed him to dispose of the same pursuant to the resolve 
of Congress & your Instructions which we have delivered 
to him & agreeable to your desire have enjoined it upon him 
to use all possible diligence fidelity & Dispatch in the Busi- 
ness committed to his Care & we doubt not he will faithfully 
execute to the Trust — 

In the Name & in behalf of y e Council I am your humb 1 
Serv* Jer : Powel Presd 1 

Cont 1 Board of War 



To the Hon ble the Council of the State of Massachusetts 
Bay.- 

The Petition of Cap 1 Daniel Sullivan Humbly Sheweth, 

That he his officers nor men have never received their 
back Rations for their Marches to, and while doing duty at 
Machias last Summer; And the Board of War refuses to 
Settle the same without an order from your Honors. — 

He therefore humbly prays your Honors would be pleased 
to give him an Order upon the Board of War for the Rations 
now due to him and his Company, Agreeable to an ordur of 
the General Court passed the 30 th of April last. — 

And as in duty bound shall pray &c 
Boston July 27, 1778 Dan'l Sullivan 



42 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Roll for back Rations due Capt. Daniel Sullivan's Company 
of Militia in Col Benjamin Fosters Regiment called to 
Machias at different times viz 1 . — 

Dan 1 Sullivan Cap 1 100 Rations, Jas M°Farland L* 8 d°, 
Asa Dyer Lieut. 25, John Bean 2 (1 d° 46, Sam 1 Hopkins 
Serj 1 8, Edward Berry d° 3, Judah West d° G, Tho 8 Richard- 
son D° 3, Benj a Libby D° 6, Reuben Abbot Corp 1 3, Oliver 
Worster D° 3, Reuben Ash D° 3, Moses Abbot D° 6, Sam 1 
Ball Private 6, Benj a Clark 9, Dav d Stimpson 9, Lemuel 
Clark 3, Sam 1 Milliken 3, Joseph Googings 3, Epli"' Hayns 
3, Peter Godfrey 3, Tho s Googings 3, Stephen Henderson 3, 
Philip Master 3, Dan 1 Leonard 3, Peter Abbot 3, John 
Magoon 3, Sam 1 Johnston 6, W 1 " Salter 3, Sam 1 Preble 3, 
Ico h Braddon 3, Nath 1 Henderson 3, Jas Bean 6, W w 
Warters 6, John Williams 6, M° Butler 3, Steph" Clark 6, 
Nath 1 Preble 6, Benj a Welch 6, Benj a Wand 6, Tilli White 
6, Dan 1 Richardson 3, Rich d Persons 3, Sam 1 Reed 3, John 
Manchester 3, Jon a Redocks 6, Sam 1 Jordon 6, Allen Hop- 
kins 6, John Tinker 3, Elisha Wescott 3, James Clark 3, 
Benj a Jellison 3, Benj a Libby jun. 3, Paul Simpson 3, Mel- 
etiah Jordan 3, Joseph Jellison 3, John Barns 3, Moses But- 
ler jun. 6, John Johnston 3, Thomas Ash 3, Joshua Bickford 
3, John Springer 3. 

Errors Excepted Dan 1 Sullivan 

In Council July 27, 1778 Ordered that the Board of War 
be and they hereby are directed to pay the within Ration 
Roll agreeable to the Order of the General Court of April 
30 th 1778 

read & Accepted Jn° Avery D y Sec y 

To the Hon ble the Council of the State of the Massachu- 
setts Bay — 

The Petition of Jacob Bailey of Pownalborough in the 
County of Lincoln in said State Clerk humbly Shews 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 43 

That your Petitioner has been a minister of the Gospel in 
said Pownalborough for more than Eighteen years past, & 
has received his chief Support from the Society for the Prop- 
agation of the Gospel in foreign Parts. That he has not 
been able to procure any Part of his Sallary from said Soci- 
ety for three years past, & his Parishioners ( mostly poor 
Germans ) so much reduced in these difficult Times as to be 
able to afford him scarce any Assistance, by which Means 
your Petitioner is reduced to such Poverty & Distress as 
frequently & for a considerable Time to be destitute of even 
the Necessaries as well as the Comforts of Life : & has been 
obliged to dispose of allmost all his moveable Effects to sup- 
port himself to this Time. 

Your Petitioner, having not the least Prospect of getting 
Bread for his Family, & seeing nothing before him in the 
Eastern Parts of this State but meagre Famine & absolute 
Suffering for the Necessaries of Life, Prays your Honours 
that he may have Liberty to depart with his Family ( con- 
sisting only of his Wife & Infant Babe) to some Part of 
Nova Scotia, and to carry what few effects he has left, the 
whole not amounting to one Hundred Dollars, & consisting 
of a few necessary Articles of Furniture — And as your 
Petitioner is exempted by Law from doing military Duty & 
paying any Tax, his Abode in these States can be of no pos- 
sible Advantage to them but rather a Burden, & his going to 
Nova Scotia may put it in his Power to receive the Sallary 
<lu<- to him & probably enable him to get Bread for himself 
& Family. He therefore prays your Honours Consideration 
of his extreme necessitous and distressing Circumstances, 
that you will be pleased to grant him Liberty to depart to 
some Part of the Government of Nova Scotia by the most 
convenient Opportunity — 

Ami as in Duty bound be will ever pray &c — 

Jacob Bailey 
Boston July 28 1778 



44 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

State of the Troops, Indians & Other Persons in the Ser- 
vice of the United States, Under the Command of Colo. John 
Allan, Continental Agent & Commander Inchief of the 
Indians Eastern Department, Stationed at and for the Defence 
of Machias, in the State of Massachusetts Bay — July 31 st 
1778 

Field Officers 1 Colonel, 1 Major. Commissioned officers ; 
Artillery Company 1 Lieu 1 ; Capt. Robbin's Comp y 1 Captain, 
2 Lieu t8 . Indian Troops 1 Captain, 1 Lieu 1 . Indian Chiefs 
& Captains 3. On Board the Arm'd Schooner Meresheete 1 
Captain. Staff Officers: Artillery Company, 1 Conductor of 
Artillery, 1 Commisy, 1 Qua 1 Master ; 1 Surgeon. [ Others ] 
1 Serjent-Major. Artillery Company ; 1 Serjent, 1 Corporal, 
1 Bumbadier, 1 Gunner, 9 Drums & fifes, 21 Privates. Capt. 
Robbin's Comp y ; 2 Serjents, 1 Drum & fife, 18 Privates. 
Indian Troops; Privates 100. On Board the Arm'd Schooner 
Meresheete; Privates, 3. Employ'd for Public Services; 
Cariers 3. 

Total Present: Field and Staff Officers & 1 Serjent Major, 
6. Artillery Company 29. Capt. Robbin's Comp y 24. 
Indian Troops 105. On Board the Meresheete 4. Employed 
for Public Services 3. 

Deserters: Capt. Robbins Comp y , 4. Prisoners with the 
Enemy : Capt. Robbins Comp y 1 Private, Indian Troops 1 
Lieu 4 , Schooner Marisheete 1 Capt., 2 Privates, Employed for 
Public Services 1. 

Total ; Field, Staff Officers &c 6. Artillery Company 29. 
Capt. Robbins Comp y , 29. Indian Troops 106. Schooner 
Meresheete 7. Employed for Public Services 4. 

Machias July 31 8t 1778 
A True & Authentic State from the Different Returns 
By order of the Com 8 Officer 

Ja B Avery Sec y 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 45 

An Estimate of Provisions Necessary for the Troops, 
Indians &c at Machias from July 31 8t to Dec 1 1 : 78 
[Here follows a list of provisions.] 

Machias July 31 st 1778 
J. Allan Continental Agent & Command 1 " in Chief of 
Indians Eastern Department — 

The Command 8 Officer haveing Isued Orders for the State 
& Expenditure of the Provisions in this Department & upon 
Examination the following is a True & Authentic Return — 
[Here follows a list of provisions received and one of pro- 
visions borrowed &c] 

Stephen Smith Commissary. 
Examined & approved of by J. Allan C g Off r 



State of Massachusetts Bay 
To the Hon ble the Council of s d State 

Nathan Jones humbly shews that being by a late Resolve 
of the General Court of this State ordered to appear, with 
William Tupper Deputy Sheriff for the County of Lincoln, 
before the said General Court or in their Recess before the 
s d Council of this State to answer to such matters & things 
as were alleged against them by Ivory Hovey in two Peti- 
tions &c &c he humbly prays your Honours to admit him to 
a hearing by Council in the premisses, & that your Honors 
would take such order thereon as law & Justice Requires & 
he as in Duty bound shall ever pray — 

Nathan Jones 

In Council July — 1778 Read & Ordered that Daniel 
Hopkins and Sand I laker Esq" be a Committee to consider 
this Petition and the Papers accompanying the same & report 
what may be best to be done thereon 

Jh° Avery D y Sec* 



46 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Machias Aug. 1 1778 
May it Please your Honors. — 

In Consequence of my appointment to raise a number of 
men to be Stationed at Machias, for the Defence of the East- 
ern Part of this State. I repaired east with all Convenient 
Dispatch on that Business, where with much Difficulty, and 
great expence, I have not been able to Raise any number of 
men, any way equal to that Granted by your Honors for this 
Station, as you will see by the returns Transmitted by Col 
Allan. — 

Conscious, that I have Persued every Prudent Method, I 
thought requisite to Procure men for the good & Honor of 
the Service, but all has Proved ineffectual, not from any dis- 
like they have of the Service, but Purely from Necesaty, 
being obliged to tarry at home to take Care of their distressed 
Familys, the incouridgement given,, being so small, as not to 
be any ways equal to Supporting themselves, much less 
affording any Relief to their Familys. 

Many along the Shore have been so inconsiderate as to 
Make this observation to me while on the business, that why 
should they ingage to go from home, for so inconsiderable A 
Compensation as is given the soldiers, when they can tarry 
at home & Receive more than twice the incouridgement, 

this is a dispicable Principle and argument, to Make use of 
among a free People, but such is the Necessitious Situation of 
this eastern Country, as makes it in a great Degree excusable. 

For Particulars Relating to this Department, I must Refer 
your honors to Col Allans letters, who is a Gentleman that 
has been indefatigable in his business with the Indians, which 
has terminated to his utmost wishes, has likewise taken every 
Prudent Step, for the honour of the States and the Security 
of his Country. 

I have the honor to be with Due Respect your Honors 
Most obedient Humble serv* — George Stillman 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 47 

To the Hon ble the Council and the Hon ble the House of 
Representatives of the State of Massachusetts Bay in gen- 
eral Assembly convened Humbly Shew 

The Subscribers, who were chosen Select Men & Assessors 
for the Town of Sanford for the year 1778. That a Tract 
of land of eight Mile square formerly called Philipstown in 
the County of York was in the year 1768 Incorporated into 
a Town by the Name of Sanford. Soon after which a Valu- 
ation df the Estates Heal and Personal of persons Resident 
therein was taken, and Taxes from the State and County 
have from that Time to this been laid upon them, and like 
assesments of Men & other matters for Supporting the pres- 
ent War. 

That your Petitioners have lately heard that a New Town 
has been lately ordered, by the Name of Coxhall, which takes 
away a Considerable part of the Lands and Inhabitants from 
Sanford Viz a Slice of land Two mile and Three quarters 
of a mile one way & Six miles the other way. That your 
Petitioners are apprehensive The Incorporation of Coxhall, 
was done either, thro' some misinformation, or not having 
proper knowledge of its taking such a Slice from Sanford 
as to leave the Residue in an Irregular form. Your Peti- 
tioners are further Confirmed in this Supposition, as the 
Town of Sanford were not notified of this Incorporation until 
Since it was effected, and as your Petitioners have been 
informed ( for they have not as yet Seen the Act Incorpo- 
rating Coxhall ) There is no Provision made respecting the 
paiment of Taxes already assessed. 

Your Petitioners would further represent that one of the 
Select men & assessors, lives in that Part of the Town that 
is said to be Incorporated, by the name of Coxhall : which 
renders the duty of your Petitioners doubtful!. For whether 
the Select man that lives in that part, called Coxhall has any 
Power to proceed in taking a Valuation, agreeable to a late 



48 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Act of State, or to adjust the other two in other Town Busi- 
ness : and if he has not Whether the two that Remain, are 
legally Authorized to proceed without him and they would 
further Suggest that a difficulty will arise of the same kind 
in assessing the State Tax, and whether any part of it can 
be now assessed upon those Inhabiting Coxhall, and whether 
your Petitioners may not be involved in difficultys for the 
assesments already made for as they are not ascertained of 
the time Coxhall was Incorporated, they may have assessed 
a Tax since that Time. Wherefore as there has been as yet 
no meeting called of the Coxhall People under the new Incor- 
poration they would Suggest for the Reasons before men- 
tioned & Such others as may naturally arise upon the Facts, 
the Inexpediency of diminishing the Town of Sanford of any 
of its few Inhabitants for the present, or at least to Suspend 
the Operation of the s d Incorporation of Coxhall so far as it 
laps in upon Sanford till a future Period. And give such 
explicit directions respecting the premises, that your Peti- 
tioners may be Enabled to do their duty without Danger or 
Distraction. 

Morgan Lewis Phinehas Thompson Daniel Gale Selectmen 
for Sanford for 1778 

Sanford Aug* 3 d 1778 

In Council June 3 d 1779 Read & thereupon Ordered — 
That Oliver Prescot Esq r with such as the Honble House 
shall join be a Committee to take into Consideration this 
Petition and the Papers Accompanying the Same, hear the 
Parties & report what may be proper to be done thereon — 
Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery D y Sec y 

In the House of Representatives June 3 1779 Read & 
concurred & Maj r Cross & Capt Bragdon are join'd 

John Hancock Spk r 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 49 

Machias August 4 th 1778 

Sir, My hurry of business, and no Certain Conveyance 
happening, prevented the Honble Board of being Informed 
of many particulars, having only wrote suddenly on present 
business as it Turned up. — 

I have detained the Meresheete sometime longer than I 
intended, on account of some of the Enemys Cruisers being 
along shore, & being in want of some of her Assistance this 
way. — 

I presume it may not be improper to mention some matters 
respecting the supplys this way, which have Come Down. — 

By M r Avery who arrived here the 14 th June, I received 
from the board of War, an Invoice of perticulars, with the 
prices and Expences arrising. It is not for me to say upon 
what principle the procurers of these Matters were Actuated, 
Or what difficultys they met with in geting them, but the 
debt to the States is most Intolerable, and Such as must 
make every honest Inclined person to Shudder who has the 
management of Public business, some of the Articles are 
charged 1800 rj C l and the most 15 & 1600 from the Sterling 
Cost.— 

I am not unacquainted with the prices in Great Britain, as 
well as the Situation of their Trade & Manufactures. There 
is cloths come down which at the dearest time not above 5/ 
Sterling in England charged £5. Shirts the Linnen of which 
never known above 10 d g Yard, not more than 3*/( yds in 
Each shirt, Charged £3, — Every other Article Charged 
Equivilent, Except Two whail Boats, which are under 
Valued. — 

I am very clear that had I been tolerated to procure an 
Assortment from Nova Scotia, a few Hundred pounds more 
than what the Congress has Transmited, woud have been of 
more real advantage to the Indians & Secured their Interest 
Ear Easier than £20,000 in this manner for many things arc 
of the mosl Inferior Sort. — 



50 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Most of the Assential matters ordered by Court are not 
come down, not one Hatt sent since last Summer, this is 
more to an Indian than all the rest, I have been Compelled 
to Satisfy them, to take from my friends & Acquaintances 
for to Supply, — the Honble Board will observe that these 
failures must Deminish my Credit among the Indians, and 
many abuses & Insults I receive as being the Author. — 

I must acquaint the Honble Board that the Different 
Excursions I have made this season, replacing the Provisions 
Borrow'd during the winter, & the very great demands dur- 
ing this Summer, has mostly Exhausted what Came Down in 
the Spring, Powder is greatly Consumed by the repeated 
Demands of Indians, & some Expended in rejoicing Upon 
several Occations, which must be keep'd up among the 
Indians, a Quantity of the Powder is Intirely useless — 
The Honble Board & House of representatives Shoud Con- 
sider the detach'd Situation of this Department, the Exact 
Calculation for the number of persons Intended for this part 
is Insufficient, the Indians flock in from all parts, more 
Women & children who's wants is great and no ways Steady 
& Certain, there is no refusing Victuals, for affronting one is 
Anough, for the whole Body, many persons Public & Private 
passes this way some in the most Distressing situation the 
Indigency of the place is such they must perresh if no assist- 
ance from me, — many Contengences daily arises, which the 
Service must be much Impaired if not done, for which some 
Aid in provision must be given, Prisoners of War, Deserters 
& Torys often under Confinement in British Garrisons where 
I have seen the Strictest Eaconemy, one third more than was 
appearently wanting was Always Laid in. — 

I Endeavour'd the last Winter to Calculate as Low as Pos- 
sible for the Indians, both for Provisions and Necessarys, for 
their Service, far below what the Indians & me Confered 
upon and 200 g C* Short of what the French allowed, the 
Court thought proper to allow but one third of this, & a 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 51 

Resolve passed the Honble the Gen 1 Court the 10 th Last 
March upon that, & that there was no more than 100 Indians 
to lie Taken into the Service, upon such an Establishment, 
as I tho' they merited & return it to Court. In Answer to 
this the Honble Board will please observe that this 100 fight- 
ing men will produce 400 to Support, which I have repeatedly 
mentioned. — Besides there is many Coming in & Going 
Declaring they must be the same as they that Attends & 
Airways ready for Action, shoud I refuse them, they are of 
such a Hospitable make among themselves, that those that 
has will give to the last, to those Distitute, & when out they 
must have more which if refused Confusion takes place with 
some & others immediately goes of. — 

As to the Bountys, Cloathing and the Like, It is well 
Known they are utterly Carless of what they have, Continu- 
ally about the Woods, or in Common recreation Tearing Leg- 
gins Coats Blankets & Shirts, in Pieces, & the badness of the 
Cloaths keeps up a perpetual demand, they are Contented 
when well Cloathed and fed if ever so trifling, but if in want 
of the Least Trifle their Clamour is Intolerable, the Greatest 
part of what they receive, I charge in their Private Acc t8 & 
often Acquaint them with what they have received so as to 
be Equal when they talk of Obligations, as to Settling any 
Certain pay for the present is fabulous, as it will Occation 
many Evils, for once they know they are in del it, they think 
it a Check or restraint, which will immediately Occation an 
uneasiness & a Speedy departure often takes place, — so the 
only way to Keep them along wavering & Trusting them as 
Necessity requires & making Necessary Appologys if to 
forward, for once they Get to Like a person they Look on him 
as a Nurse & Confides in what he says. Provisions I allow 
as I find their dispositions is to receive sometimes more & 
sometimes Less, which may be seen by the Different Returns. 

It appears by the Resolve-of Court thai there is a Discre- 
tionary Power Given to Order Provisions tor the White 



52 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Troops, but a premtory resolve respecting the Indians, I 
Humbly Conceive that it woud have been better the resolves 
had been reversed, as the former Can be managed on one 
Certain plan, and the other ( as before mentioned ) upon no 
perticular rule whatever, the Indians have allready taken 
more then their proportion of what has Come Down. The 
Situation of our affairs are such in this Department, that it 
woud be very Difficult and make much Confusion to keep 
several Accounts, Cap* Smith being Commissary for the 
whole & having Various & Diff 1 Articles both for Whites 
and Indians, when one or other of the Departments is in want 
I send to Cap* Smith if he has it in Possession, which he 
Charges so as to be Accountable for the whole in General & 
myself for such perticuler Transactions. — 

To make an Accurate Estimate is very Difficult, all I Can 
say in Justess to my Intentions & Designs & the Service of 
my Country, that I will do the best I can to Keep them with 
as Little Expence as Possible to the Public. — 

I Trust the Honble Board will Take this matter under 
immediate Consideration and order such Necessary additions 
of Supplys to the Commissary if intended to Keep up this 
Department, and to prevent those fatal Consequences which 
may happen in this part of the United States of America if 
Omitted. — 

On the l Bt Ins* a news paper came to hand, that had the 
Resolve of the Congress for the regulation of the Army, I 
ordered the Provision return to be made up to the 31 st July 
and shall duely follow the methods prescribed therein, 
respecting Provisions. I think it a very good System, how- 
ever its something of a hardship in this Department at this 
Time, for it is impossible any thing Can be procured here for 
money which Consequently will prevent an Officer appearing 
in a Suitable Character of Life, for he Can have nothing but 
his ration, by which he has it not in his Power to ask a Stran- 
ger to break Bread if ever so much in Distress. — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 53 

By this opport y I send a State of the Provisions on hand 
& how consum'd by which the Honble Board will see by the 
Ballance, which remains at hand belonging to the States, — 
I have detained in the Stores a very Considerable Quantity 
ui( ue which belongs to Some I Borrowed, & others, tho' the 
whole Cannot Last five Weeks at the Utmost Extent. — 

I have sent an Imperfect Estimate of what is wanting to 
support this Department, till fall, which if Keep'd up must 
be sent, I have Calculated as Low as my Duty to the Service 
will admit, there is a far greater Number than is mentioned, 
who by Treating Properly lias been the means of Protecting 
these parts from the Depredations of the Enemy. I have 
allso Added to the Estimate some Articles which is abso- 
lutely Necessary & requeste shoud be sent for the benefit of 
the States, in this Department. — 

I have allso sent a mem of the Defficiencys ordered by 
Court Last Spring which I doubt not the Honble Board will 
give Directions to be forwarded without Loss of Time, they 
are much wanted. — I am clear a much Greater Quantity 
will very soon be Wanted, but for reasons hereafter men- 
tioned, I shall Defer for the present. — But shoud any more 
be sent, I shall use it with that Eoconemy the Difficulties of 
the Times requires. — 

I have allso sent the Pay Rolls for the Artillery & them 
Employ'd in Indian Service &c which I doubt not will be 
Agreeable & Payment ordered Accordingly. — 

Cap 1 Smith Collected a Considerable Quantity of Furrs at 
Passamequody & this Place, I have ordered him to Ship them 
by this opportunity. — 

As to the Truck House, It appears by a Resolve of the 
Honble the General Court that it is to be under the manage- 
ment of the Continental Agent to be by him Solely Conducted. 

After the supplys ordered by Court is Compleated (a great 
part being not yet come) I shall request no more till I Com- 



54 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

municate these matters to Congress, nor woud I Desire what 
is Defficient, was there the Least Glimpse of doing without 
it, I had no Idea of such Impositions of Dealers, that the few 
tilings sent here, shoud amount to so Enormous a Sum, for 
so Little Business, well may fault be found at the Expence 
of this Department, for I must Acknowledge I am Ashamed 
to think I have been the means of such Expenditure. 

I must further observe ( by Humble Permission) to the 
Honble Board that when Resolves passes the Honble Court 
for Supplys, that the Service is much retarded by the Dil- 
atoryness of some who are Intrusted to supply, I am intirely 
unacquainted with this methode of the Urgin the Discharge 
of a Duty of this Kind and of so much Importance, any 
person in the service here Cannot be Spared to Attend on 
such business with propriety, when they do are often Treated 
with Insulting and abusive Language Derogatory to the 
Honour of the Service & an Indignity on their Commission. 

I must request the Meresheete may not be detain'd, but as 
Short a Time as Possible, — The Distance which Mess rs Cross 
Lives from Boston & their hurry of Bussiness at Court, I 
have Desired Francis Shaw Sen r Esq r to Negotiate & Expi- 
date this matter, he will wait on the Honble Board whom I 
pray may give him Directions on this, or such other Person 
as they think proper. The Difficulty of Geting matters for 
the Meresheete & the Detention often Occationed by it, 
obliges me to request the Honble Board, to admite her to 
receive any Necessary from Public Stores, she is most Ser- 
viceable here in running to Diff 1 Places among Indians & 
Else where, — we Keep Constant Guard on Board when in 
the River & Keep her Men on the list with the Troops for 
Supplys here, which is a presumption of my own, which I 
think Necessary for the Service & hoop to the Satisfaction of 
the Honble Board. — 

I shall if Possible by this Opportunity Communicate to the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 55 

Honble Board the Different movements in this Department 
during this Season, in Another Letter 

I have the Honor to be with the Utmost Duty & respect 
Sir your most Obedient & Devoted Hble Serv 1 

J Allan 
P. S. I have been as Carefull as Possible of the Medicines 
but a Great deal is Expended, severel men has been Indis- 
posd & some unhappy Accidents, which has put us to diffi- 
cult vs to procure some necessarys, allso Instruments a List 
of what is wanted will go By this Opp° As I am unacquanted, 
J woud have it Left to some Surgeon to send what may be 
necessary & usefull, which shall be taken Care of. — 

In Council Sep r 17, 1778 Read & thereupon Ordered that 
Joseph Simpson & Oliver Prescot Esq 18 be a Committee with 
such as the Honble House shall appoint to take into Consid- 
eration this Letter with the Papers accompanying the same 
& report what may be proper to be done thereon 
Sent down for Concurrence Jn° Avery D y Sec y 

In the House of Representatives Sept. 17 th 1778 Read & 
concurred & Maj. Cress, Coll. Johnson & M r Ingalls are 
joined. John Pickering Spk r 

The Honble Jeremiah Powel Esq r President of the Honble 
the Council Board of the State of Massachusetts Bay 



To the Honourable Council and the Honourable House of 
Representatives of the State of Massachusetts Bay in Gen- 
eral Court Assembled 

Petition of Dan 1 Sullivan and order thereon directing the 
Board of War to deliver him 100 Bushels of Corn August 
o l " 177*. 

To the Hon 1 ' 1 " the Council of the State of Massachusetts 
Bay.— 



66 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

The Petition of Daniel Sullivan of Frenchmans Bay 
Humbly Sheweth 

That the Hon ble Board of War have furnished your peti- 
tioner with a Sloop, to go on the Coasting Business to the 
Eastward & back to bring up Wood Lumber and Fish, which 
will be more easily procured from the Inhabitants there if we 
can carry down Corn to them, as they are in great distress 
for Want of Bread. 

That the Hon ble Board of War have got Corn by them, 
and are willing to Supply your petitioner with a quantity, if 
your Honors will please to Order the same 

He Therefore humbly prays your Honors would be pleased 
to Order the said Board of War to Supply your petitioner 
with a Quantity of Corn for the purpose aforesaid, for which 
he will pay in the Articles aforesaid, upon his return the first 
Trip 

And as in duty bound will pray &c 
Boston Aug 8t 5, 1778 Dan 1 Sullivan 

In Council Aug. 5, 1778 Read & Ordered That the Board 
of War be and they are hereby directed to deliver to Daniel 
Sullivan for the Use of the Inhabitants of Frenchman's Bay 
One hundred Bush 18 Corn — if it can be possibly spared — 
he paying for the same 

read & Accepted Jn° Avery D y Sec y 



To the Hon ble the Council of the State of Massachusetts Bay. 
The Petition of Francis Shaw in behalf of the Inhabitants of 
the Township of Gouldsborough — Humbly Shews — 

that your Petitioner was authorized by said Inhabitants to 
represent to the Hon ble General Court their distressed situa- 
tion for want of Bread, not knowing the Hon 11 House of 
Representatives was adjourned, He therefore prays your 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 57 

Honors would be pleased to take their very Distressed situa- 
tion, ( many of them Intirely destitute of Bread for a month 
past ) into your wise & Compassionate Consideration, and 
Grant them such Relief as in your wisdom you may think 
proper, for which your Petitioner is ready to give his Secu- 
rity in behalf of said Distress'd Inhabitants and as in duty 
bound will ever pray — 

Boston 5 August 1778 

Francis Shaw 

In Council Aug" 7 th 1778— Read & Ordered That the 
Board of War be and they are hereby directed to deliver to 
Francis Shaw Esq r or his Order, One Hundred bushels 
Indian Corn for the use of the distressed Inhabitants of the 
Township of Goldsboro' in the County of Lincoln — if it can 
be possibly spared — said Shaw to be accountable for the 
same 

read and Accepted 

W m Baker jun r D* S* P : T : 



State of Massachusetts Bay — 

To the Hon Council and Hon. House of Representatives 
of said State — in General Court Assembled September 1778 

John Colley Jim, Moses Adams Joseph Field Samuel 
Watts and Peter Bacheldor 

Humbly shew, That at the Time of the burning the Town 
of Falmouth on the 18 th October 1775, They with the assist- 
ance of Andrew Hall, Luke Worster, Richard Stubbs John 
Grafferd and Samuel Rinds, entered the Town in order to 
save what effects they cou'd for the distress'd Owners — 
That they did at the risque of their Lives, recover from the 
Flames, a considerable quantity of Goods which they deliv- 
er'd to the Owners without Fee or Reward — 



58 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

That afterwards they preserved from the House of 
Francis Waldo, an Absentee, while it was on fire, and while 
the Shot from the Enemy's Ships came rattling through it, 
a small quantity of Goods belonging to him a Schedule of 
which is hereunto annexed — These Goods were carried to 
the House of one of your Petitioners about eight Miles off, 
after having been first placed at a smaller distance, where 
great care was taken to have them secured from ill dispos'd 
Persons, who were not wanting even at such a distressing 
time, to add Loss upon Loss to the unhappy Sufferers. — 

That your Petitioners gave Public Notice of their secur- 
ing the Goods so saved — but no Body applied to receive 
them ( except the Committee of the Town, to whom your 
Petitioners wou'd have deliver'd them, for a reasonable sat- 
isfaction for their Exertion in saving them, which they did 
not incline to give ) until some time last month, when M r 
Thomas Child lately appointed Agent to said Waldos Estate 
made application for them — But your Petitioners consider- 
ing they were exposed to suffer and did suffer much damage 
and honestly judging that the value of them wou'd not more 
than compensate them for the Risque Trouble & Expence 
they were at in saving and securing them, had some time 
before relinquishd a part thereof — viz about one half to the 
other Persons abovenamed for their Trouble &c ; three of 
whom are gone out of the State — 

These things being consider'd, and moreover that the 
Goods were taken from the House at so dangerous a time 
that all hopes of the Inhabitants in saving anything further 
was taken away — insomuch that it was given out by some 
of them that any Body might have what they would venture 
to save, and that the Nett proceeds of them, shou'd it be 
thought they were worth more than was sufficient to compen- 
sate them for saving them — and for the trouble they 
have since had with them wou'd be very inconsiderable, and 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 59 

of little consequence to the State — and further that the said 
Waldo has a large real Estate in the Town — whereby the 
demands upon him — shou'd there be any — might be 
answered — Your Petitioners humbly pray that your Hon- 
ours wou'd direct the Agent aforesaid to discontinue any 
further Claim to the said Goods or such part thereof as your 
Honours in your great Goodness shall think proper — or 
otherwise relieve thein And as in Duty bound they will 
ever pray John Colley Jur 

Falmouth, August 7, 1778. 

Moses Adams Samuel Watts Joseph Field Peter Bachelder 

4 Feather Beds 2 Mill'd Blankets 3 pair of Sheets 3 or 4 
pair of old Stockings 1 Brass Kettle that will hold a Pail of 
Water 1 D° that will hold G or 8 D° 2 p r Tongs 1 Fire 
Shovel Handle 1 p r of old Andirons — 2 old Mens Coats — 
2 or 3 old Jackets 1 p r of old Breetches — Some old white 
Shirts or parts of Shirts 4 or 5 Looking Glasses — 1 Case of 
15 small Bottles, — of which 2 were lost 2 or 3 Tin Potts 
N B. one of the Beds was worth hardly any thing 

Falmouth August 7, 1778. 

John Colley Jun r — Moses Adams, Samuel Watts and 
Joseph Field, made Oath to the Truth of the Facts set forth 
in the foregoing Petition 

Before me Sam 1 Freeman Just Peace 

The Committee appointed upon the Petition of John 
Colley & others have attended that service and beg leave to 
report, that it appears to them just & equitable that the 
goods mention'd in the Schedule annexed & any others saved 
from the fire be delivered to Thomas Child the Agent on 
Francis Waldos Estate & that the said Child pay the Peti- 
tioners a reasonable allowance for their trouble & Risque 

Joseph Burrell g order 



60 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Macbias 8 th of August 1778 
Gentlemen 

Your of 29 th of May Came safe by Lieut Avery, witb the 
Supplies from time to time Agreeable to the invoice, — the 
two First Cargoes that Came I found on Delivery they fell 
short Much more than could be expected, Being Markd at 
240 lb each, the Beef being also on the Decline I procured a 
Cooper, who being Sworn, Reported thirty Seven Barrels 
which fell Short 286 lb of the Quantity invoiced. 

The last Quantity has not been Reported but I find it is 
marked 50 lb Short of what it is invoiced at. The flour 
many barrills are Much Damaged, at the head, & Sides of 
the Barrils — 

I have Shiped by this opportunity, a Considerable Quan- 
tity of Moose hides, furs &c, to M r Devens agreeable to the 
order of Court. — 

You may Depend Gentlemen on my accounts being kept so 
particular, as to be Prepared for a Settlement, when ever 
Call on. 

I have the Honor to be &c Stephen Smith 
Honble Board War Boston. 

Machias August 9 th 1778 
Sir, 

The Marisheete being Necessarily Detained ( tho very 

Disagreeable to me as it prolonged Time for the Information 

of the Honble Board ) gives me an oppertunity of writing 

further on matters respecting this Department. 

The 26 th June I wrote the Honble Board of my Intending 
for Passamequody as it was the place I intended to Keep the 
Indians if no necessity for them here, as the Expence to the 
States would be much less. 

A Short time before this I received very pellicular & Cer- 
tain Intillegence from Halifax & other parts of Novia Scotia 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 61 

the designs of the Enemy on these parts & their determina- 
tion to make another Vigerous attempt to Gain the Indians, 
Sii/.e myself by some Stretagem .and Distroy as many places 
{his way as Possible. — It was keep'd a profound Secret, but 
by some family Connections from the Communication with 
Government, I received it without doubt & keep'd it a secret 
myself from every person, — Accordingly to put this plan in 
the Execution the Sloops How & Gage were prepared & 
Scut Round Cape Seblesara Convoy with some merchantmen, 
there were to have a body of Light Land Forces & as 
Exegencies required to Consult & Cooperate with Ships 
Stationed up the Bay & Such others as might Occationally 
fall in. 

Having duely Considered this matter & the Defenceless 
State of this place in regard to Troops I Determined (as 
before ) to push for Passamequody, Collect all the Indians 
togeather & raise them for War. In Consequence of which 
I sailed the 28 th from this in the Marisheete having put all 
the Guns on Board, with Twenty Men, allso Cap 1 Smith with 
Supplys from the Truck House & Stores as Commissary for 
Indians. 

On the l 8t July I arrived at S l Andrews on the heart of 
Passamequody Bay where the Indians were Incamp, the same 
day to my Great Joy as well as the Indians Arrived M r 
Delesdernier, with agreeable News that Gave me a Great 
advantage in treating with the Indians, Immediately Called 
Council, (as they call it) Communicated the News Inter- 
preted their Letters from the Honble Board, Deliverd them 
.Strings of Wampum as Customary, & Every thing Ended to 
mutual Satisfaction, in the afternoon sent the Marisheete 
back to Machias for more Stoics hearing that a Number more 
Indians were near at hand. 

I then addressed the War Captains presenting Each a 
madle ( Having procured Several for the purpose ) as a Token 



62 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

of Friendship & for a Distinguished Badge for their former 
Conduct, which they received and was Saluted by all, — I 
then addressed them again, presenting Each a Small Sword 
which I delivered to them in behalf of the Commander in 
chief to Defend their right & Libertys from the attempts & 
Insults of a Cruel & Blood Thirsty Enemy and to Secure 
these Invaluable Blessings to their most Distant Posterity, — 
a General Aclemation was Given as a Token of their Assent 
when another Salute in a very Solemn & Affecting manner 
Took place, — We had then some matters Settled respecting 
Trade. 

After all was finished I ordered the Stores open for Trade, 
their Bounty s given them & a Quantity of Provisions. 

The 6 th the Marisheete returned & that Evening, received 
word that a Sloop Like a Wood Coaster, was of the Islands, 
sent of Two Birch Canoes with Indians who returned with- 
out Seeing any thing. 

On the 7 th I sent another Canoe Down to Keep a Look 
out, about 3 O'Clock P. M. two of the Inhabitants of Passa- 
mequody Came up & Bro't a Letter from the Cap 1 of a 
Barmodian Sloop, praying for my protection from the Small 
Privateers that he had come for a Load of Lumber, Desired 
my advice how he shoud proceed, I must freely acknowledge 
from the Simplicety which appeared in the Letter & the 
Behavour of the Two Men, I was to Credilons & Beleaved 
it all True, & upon the first reflection foreign from that 
proper Guard every Soldier, shoud be upon in such Critical 
Situation, I intended to have gone that way, as an Excursion 
was proposed by the Indians in the Morning, — but Kind 
Providance was more favourable & at the Expence of the 
Captivity of others, Toock me to be more Critical & Observ- 
ing, in this Time, — Upon the whole I tho't it not Prudent, 
and Sent Cap 1 Dyer, Lieut Delesdernier & four others in the 
Boat with their Arms, to Inspect their papers, make a 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 63 

thorough Inquiry & bring the Vcssell Up — they went along 
side T} r, d the Boat, when it appeared to be the How Sloop 
Cup 1 Flarson having on Board seventy Men. 

The Tide of flood making early in the Morning of the 8 th 
& the Boat not Coming I became Satisfied that there was 
some Trap, sent Down a Canoe but Coud not Discover any 
Vessell, — about 10 O'Clock, I set of by myself with Twenty 
Indians Expecting to meet with them some where about the 
Island, — soon after I met with a Boat who bro't Intelligence 
the Sloop went out Early in the morning, & that one John 
Frost of Passamequody was pilot, I sent of Twelve Indians 
to Take up all the Men at Frosts House & returned myself 
to S* Andrews 

In the afternoon the Indians returned bringing said Frost 
& three others, was Informed of it being the How, they Had 
struck her Topmast, flying Jibb Boom, Took in every matter 
whatever more than three sails, which they put on Board a 
small Prize Schooner, that their sole Business was for me, 
but afraid to Come up where the Meresheete Lay on Account 
of the Indians. 

At 12 o'Clock at Night I sett of with a Number of Indians 
Expecting I might see something of them, as it was Calm all 
Day & woud Take some Time to gete Topmast, Sails &c 
up, — I went to the farthermost harbour but found nothing 
of them. 

On the 10 th I wrote Major Studholm, proposing an 
Exchange for some British officers & Soldiers Taken by 
Cap 1 Rogers in a small Privatier, — Same Day had a Confer- 
ence with the Indians & made several presents. 

I hiving a Considerable Quantity of furs, & the Schooner 
having sprung one of her masts, I thought it most Prudent 
with the advice of Cap 1 Smith to get her & the States prop- 
erty Back as fast as Possible, I was Determined Myself to 
see her sound as I was Jealous the Sloop wou'd be looking 



64 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

out accordingly Took 11 Indians & four Birch Canoes & 
intended if nothing Else Coud be done to run her a Shore 
Defend or Burn her. 

12 O'Clock at Night we Sailed, next day Coud not git out 
for the foggy weather, the 12 th a Man Came on Board & 
Acquainted us that the Sloop was Cruising of the Passage 
we Intended to go out at, I sent Canoes for Discovery which 
did not see her, — Same Day Examined the Prisoners hearing 
several Evidences, — I Dismissed one, Bound two of them & 
John Frost I bro't & have him now a Prisoner, we Arrived 
at Machias that Night. 

On the 14 th Ambroise, with the Two Curriors I sent some 
time ago among the Micmacs Arrived had a Conference 
thereupon, — three Strings of Wampum, one from the Civil 
Chiefs, one from the Warriors to the United States, and one 
for the King of France Welcoming him into this Country 
and as an Ally of America, — they Declared their Zeal & 
Attachment, But their Situation was such they Coud not 
Act then, but was ready when Called upon to Take up the 
Hatchet, every part appeared the most favourable as to their 
Peacafic Disposition Towards the States. 

The 15 th Ambroise & Men set of for Passamequody at the 
Entrence of the Harbour Lay the Gage & How, they fired 
upon the Canoes, Chased them a shore took most of what the 
Indians had, the old man by himself Took the Woods ( no 
amunition but a little Shott & Powder) suffered greatly 
Being very Infirm. 

The 21 st Three Micmacs as Deputys Arrived In order to 
Communicate Different Matters, & to Know for Certainty how 
things were Going this way, some other Indians & English- 
men arrived the Same Time, I received Certain Infill egence 
of the Designs of the Gage & How, who were to Cruise along 
shore, and to Distroy where they Saw an Opportunity offer, 
tho their Chief Aim was for Machias. In Consequence of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 65 

this advice I wrote Circular Letters to the Diff' Committees 
along shore to be on their guard. 

By advices of Several persons ( tho' Determined before 
with myself ) I ordered all the Indians to repair to Machias 
& Sent Cap' Preble on the 22 d for the purpose. 

The 23 d Two Indians arrived with Cap' Hally burton mas- 
ter of a Schooner Belonging to Nova Scotia which was at 
Passamequody for a Load of Boards, the Indians Took Pos- 
session of the Schooner as a Prize, Their Behavior in this 
matter Deserves applause, Behaved with the greatest Human- 
ity & Politeness to the Prisoners, — I ordered the Vessell 
round, she arrived the 27 th and is now hauled up, — by this 
oppertunity shall have her Libelled for the Captors, By them 
we rec d Intelligence of five Large Vessells being of the 
Mouth of the Harbour, which roused us a Little, same Day 
rec d Intelligence of the Gage & How Distroying Naskegg. 

The 30 th had a gen 1 Conference with the S l Johns, Passa- 
mequody, micmac & severell from Penobscut, when I 
acquainted them of past matters & Delivered a message to 
the Micmacs allso a long Letter, the Treatys Between the 
States & f ranee which had been published & every other 
matter of any Consequence, — I Demanded of them to thro' 
aside that Indolence & Lethergic Spirit, & to rouse to be 
ready when Called upon, — a Gen 1 Decleration was made by 
all, that they were ready on the shortest Notice, after which 
we had a festival ( & every thing Concluded to Satisfaction. 

Aug 1 4 th Cap 1 Hally burton Petitioned the Committee & 
myself, & Backed Strongly by the Indians to Let him Return 
Home, his Warm Attachment to the American Interest in 
Nova Scotia, the Difficult Situation of a Large family & many 
other Circumstances, appearing, he was Tolerated to go on 
Perole. 

This morning I rec d Express from the S l Johns Indians, 
who were Assembled to the Number of 25 family* & Daily 



66 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Coming in agreeable to a Previous Command of mine some- 
time ago, for them to Quit Connections with Britain, they 
sent word they were ready for Action, that they had Siezed. 
a Sloop from Halifax, took out Several things, such as amu- 
nition & Some Cloathing, dismissed her & ordered that no 
more of the Kings Vessells must Come up the River, they 
Desired to know what they were further to do, woud be glad 
that the fort might be Attacked, as it was now very Weak, 
allso that another Message had Come from the Micmacs & 
those on the head of S l Johns & Confines of Canada, were 
all ready to assemble when ordered, — This is in general 
respecting the Indians, shoud any Enterprize be set upon 
Either to Canada or Nova Scotia, & they be wanting I shoud 
be glad of timely Notice. 

I have not been so Sanguine about Pushing into Nova 
Scotia as now, & I am very clear from the Situation of mat- 
ters in that Country, that 200 good Smart Troops under 
proper Decipline, with the Indians, woud be of Infinate Ser- 
vice to Penatrate Previous to an Expedition shoud one be 
intended, Had I but 40 Men to spair with the Indians I 
shoud be presumptive anaugh to make a Tryal on the fort 
at S l Johns. 

It is a Great Pity preparations was not made in the 
Spring, to have Troops Stationed here to Act as Exegencys 
might require, it woud have been of the Utmost advantage 
in subduing places & bringing to obediance, woud prevent 
those heavy & Immodrate charges which so often arises when 
Necessity obliges to Act Suddenlly. 

The small Encouragement given by the Honble Court, 
men Cannot be raised, we are full in the Artillery men, but 
the other not one Quarter, the former I shoud not have gote 
had I not given some more Encouragement myself in Pro- 
curing Cloathing. 

I sincerely wish that it was in my power to Acquaint the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 67 

Honble Board that the Fort at Rhym was more forward, the 
want of Utencials is such that no work can be carryed on — 
I shall Try to do something next Week. 

I woud further mention that the Indians are prodigiously 
roused, thro' every Tribe. War seems to be the Cry from 
all Quarters, — if supplys Does not git along, I expect to be 
very much harrassed, for I am assured a great Number will 
be this way, — if service Coud be gone upon it would be 
worth while to have it soon, for they will be of more use now 
while their minds are prepared. 

The How & Gage is still cruising, the Albany lays at S 1 
John's the Scarboro at Anapolis, — 4 or 5 small Cutters 
cruising the Bay, — I am not out of apprehension that they 
will make some Desperate Attack somewhere on the Coast. 

I have 14 men which come from S' Johns several more 
gone to the Westward, — In the Meresheete goes some of 
the Poarchmouths men who fled from the Sloop How, Two 
frenchmen belonging to a Ship from France Driven on Cape 
Sable Last spring, & several others who fled from Halifax. 

I sincerely Congratulate the Honble Board on the great & 
Important Negoeiations at the Court of France, the Victory 
gained by our Allustcrous General & the Arrival of Count 
D'Estang, may all Tirminate in a final & Solid Peace thro' 
the Continent 

I have the Honour to Be with profound Respect 

Y Most Obd very hbl ser 

J Allan 



Machias Aug 1 10 Ul 1778 
Sir, This goes by the Armed Schooner Meresheete with 
return 8 of the State of this Department, Expecting on her 
return to this place to receive the Difficencys ordered by the 



68 DOCUMENTARY HISTOKY 

Honble the General Court the Last Spring as the Public Ser- 
vice In this Department has much Suffered by not having 
such Supply s forwarded. 

I have Transmitted to the Honble Council Board the 
Expenditure of Supplys with an Estimate of what is wanting, 
my reasons of not applying to the Board of War Agreeable 
to the resolves of Court, that as the Indians Consumed more 
than what was ordered & no resolve for more, I presumed it 
would be most requesit to make Known the Situation to 
Court before Application was made to the Board of War for 
any further Supplys 

I shall not request any further Supplys for the Truck 
House more than what has been ordered till I acquant Con- 
gress only Provisions, which Necessity obliges me to urge 
may be with the Utmost Expedition. 

On the Arrival of M r Avery with the Marisheete Cap* 
Smith presented me with the Invoice of the Articles Sent 
here. I Cannot but say I was astonished many Articles 
Charged 1800 p r C* from the Sterling Cost & mostly 15 - 16. 
A Great part of the Dry Goods of the most Inferior Sort. I 
must Confess that with propriety may it be said this Depart- 
ment has Cost a great sum of money for Little Service. 

This will be Deliver d you by Francis Shaw Esq. who I 
have wrote to, to see the Business Done in my behalf, tho' I 
acknowledge it is foreign from the rules I have been accus- 
tomed to. You may order him, or Such other persons as you 
see fit to Expidite the Schooner, as we shall be in Difficulty 
if not Dispatched so as to return soon. 

I must plead Permission at this Time to mention to the 
respectable Board, my Sorrow for the bad Impression I made 
on the minds of some Gentlemen, By requesting an Oyl 
Cloath or a Marque for the Indian Business. I woud 
Acquaint you Sir- that the Gentlemen I wrote to for it mis- 
construed my Intention, it was to purchase one at my own 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 69 

Expence, I ment not to Take any thing from the State for 
any Domistic Use. I found my health Impaired by being 
forced to Lay out at Night when upon Duty with the Indians 
so much that I was Necessitated to be more Carefull to Ena- 
ble me to Discharge the Duty & Trust reposed in me. The 
Gentleman who apply 'd for it I am sensible was Possess'd of 
such Honor that he supposed it for the Service of the States, 
(as indeed it was to do their Business) and meant not to 
appropriate any Public Property to Private use. But to pre- 
vent any further Contemptable Language being used respect- 
ing it, I will order the Amount to be paid. I Think it 
charged £95. (in England it never Cost above five guineas 
at most ), or if tho't Best will return it, all my request is that 
the Respectable Board will Indulge me So far as not to 
Entertain the thought that I mean to Run the States into 
more Debt than is Necessary, or to appear in any more Con- 
spicuous a Character then is Just Necessary to Discharge my 
Duty. I am very respectfully Sir 

Your most Obd hbl Servt 

J. Allan. 
The President of the Board of War for the State of Mas- 
sachusetts Bay 



To i lie Honorable the Council of the State of Massachusetts 
Bay 

Joseph Noyes of Falmouth in the County of Cumberland 
Comasary to the Sea Coast men Stationed at Falmouth & 
Cape Elizabeth Pray your Honor to give him a Warrant on 
tli<- Treasurer for y e sum of Four Hundred Pound to procure 
Provisions &c for said men & as in Duty Bound shall ever 
pray 

Boston August 16 th 1778 Joseph Noyes 



70 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

In Council Aug. 17, 1778 Read & Ordered that a War- 
rant be drawn on the Treasury for £400 in favour of said 
Noyes to enable him to supply the Sea Coast Men stationed 
at Falmouth & Cape Elizabeth with necessaries — he to be 
accountable for the same — 

Jn° Avery D y Sec y 



Falm Aug 1 17 th 1778 
May it please y r Honours : 

Cap* Harper informed me the reason you would not find 

the other bb 1 & ullage of pork due to me was, you chose to 

keep it, for the 19 bb ls that contained the pork sent by him — 

he likewise said you declined paying him the Fre* to Falm — 

When I settled my Commiss y Ace* with the hon 1 Board, they 

chose to reimburse what I had supply ed the Troops here, in 

kind, an ace 1 of Provisions costing me more than the Price 

stipulated by the monopoly Bill, they also engaged to deliver 

them to me at Falm° &; accordingly paid the Fre* of what 

Flour, bread & beef, was due to me in July 1777, which will 

appear by my Ace 1 settled then — not One bb 1 of porke sent 

by (Jap* Harper is equal in goodness to that I lent the Board. 

One in particular I have just tryed at both Heads of the bb 1 , 

& it is very Nasty, (& what is worse), it is 9/10 ths heads & 

Legs ( & they very thin & several bb ls were of the brawny 

kind ) I should be glad to have it replaced with a good 

One, and to have what is now due — and the empty bb 18 

shall be did y r Order, whenever you send — 

I remain your Ob 1 Serv* W m Frost 

the hon 1 Board of War 



York Ss/ York Aug* 17 th 1778 

Then M r John Bennet of York Personally appearing Sol- 
emnly made Oath That he had Manufactured in York afores d 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 71 

Seventy Eight Bushells of Salt, Between the tenth day of 
July 1777 and the first day of Jan y 1778, and that he made 
and Sold the Same agreeable to the Acts of this State, and 
has received no bounty therefor 

Sworn before Joseph Simpson Jus : Peace 

In Council Sep 1 7, 1778 Read & Allowed & ordered that 

a Warrant be drawn on the Treasury for £11 : 14/ in full 

Discharge of the above Bounty 

Jn° Avery D* Sec y 



Machias Aug 1 17 th 1778 
Sir, — 

I wrote some days ago by the Schooner Marisheete 
Inclosing Several papers, soon after her departure I rec d 
Intillegence of a large Armed Sloop going to the Westward 
Close in shore the day before the Marisheete Sailed, which 
makes me very Suspicious She might have fell into their 
hands, — for fear of which & Considering the Circumstances 
of this Department for want of Supplys, I send this by 
Express Via Penobscut, by land, Inclosing Copys of my Let- 
ters by the Marisheete, — I must press the Honble Board 
with every Argument, that they will order the supplys g. 
Mem — with the Addition of 500 1 " Powder, & 600 lb Shott — 
I find Upon Examination my Calculation for provisions some- 
thing of a Mistake, There will be wanted 12^ g C l of Pro- 
visions more then is therein Mentioned. — 

In my Letter of the 9 th I acquainted the Honble Board of 
Some Indians from S* John's & of the Assembling of those 
on the River, I have had another Ace 1 & their Determination 
of Doing something, one side or other, as they say the Amer- 
icans as well as Britains are taking every Step to make money 
to themselves, — Accordingly I dispatched of Captain Nicho- 
las IJowevawas, to take the Command. He is in the lirst 



72 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

place to Send a Peremptory order to leave the River, (as g 
the Inclosed ) as allso to send back the Colours which were 
sent Last Summer to the Indians from Major Studholm now 
in Possession of Pier Tomma as they were bent upon some- 
thing I tho't best to Lay my Commands in respect to their 
Conduct, I ordered not to Interfere with any of the Inhabi- 
tants whatsoever, Except a french Accadian, who had taken 
a Commission from M r Franklin whom they were to bring 
Prisoner. 

They are to Distroy Cattle &c round the fort, which are 
for the Use of the Troops, Take Prisoners & Encourage 
Desertion, several Letters were sent from Deserters here to 
their Comrades at the Fort. 

I Laid Strict Injunctions respecting their Behavour toward 
people, from their promise as well as what I have Gen y 
Experienced among them, they will behave as well as any 
Troops in Points of Humanity. 

I am rather forward myself, in this, being Anxious to have 
something Doing for the Great Expence we are at with 
them, & Such Excursions are very Pleasing to them & pre- 
vent much Trouble. 

I Earnestly & Sincerely wish I had a hundred or Two 
Good Troops at this Juncture, to go in Boats along shore, 
to Act in Concert with the Indians, the Diff* avenues by 
Land to the County of Cumberland Coud be Easely secured, 
which woud Keep that Province in such a flutter & Terror, 
as to be able Easy to reduce it, & not to Molist the Inhabi- 
tants, and woud make an Amazing odds in reguard to the 
Expences of the Indians 

I am Extreemly Sony small Privatiers are so Encouraged 
this way, their horred Crimes is to Notorious to pass Unno- 
ticed, — Both the Subjects of the United States as well as the 
Britains feels the Effects of their Voricious Dispositions,— 
But the depradations Committed on the Coast of Nova Scotia 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 73 

is Cruel, Robing the very people who every day are Secreat- 
ing & Assisting the Unhappy Prisoners Subjects of the States 
in Giting to the Continent, — Others goes with an Excuse, 
to rob Certain Torys & to take revenge for Private Injury*, 
by which Conduct, the poor unhappy Familys there, are 
Exposed to all the Melicious & Lew'd behavour of Soldiers, 
Hawled out of their Beds in the Night to Search for people, — ■ 
It is possible I may feel more resentment in this then others 
when I consider of my wife & Children Draged from their 
beds Last Summer & Carry ed to the Fort with a Party, Sup- 
posing those that were there went from me, when at the same 
Time I never sent a person, nor Letter to any body whatever 
in that part of the Country During the whole of my residence 
here, But what I sent to Public Authority for my family, for 
fear of these Difficultys, herein it may be preceived that the 
Innocent suffers with the Guilty. 

These persons that goes seem to Defy all Authority, they 
have generally made some friends or Others to the West- 
ward, some has Licenses, others have Letters of recommen- 
dation or some other matter from some persons that are 
Indulged by Authority, — Others gets old Commissions 
Altered & Such Partys rising that people are afraid Saying 
any thing about them, they all Keep from this. 

Cap 1 West in Two Whale Boats has Just Returnd from a 
Cruise up Menas Bason, what he has done is Uncertain, from 
their Conduct & behavour it is generally supposed they have 
been burning & Distroying Property, — however it has Occa- 
tioned much Trouble & Confusion, & Such proceedings the 
Honble Board may Depend upon, will Occation more Torys 
than 100 Such Expeditions Woud make Good, by what I 
Can learn he has Taken some Vessel] which he Denies to 
me, — Cap 1 West brot me his Commission, must Confess I 
was Astonished to think any person Living under the Pro- 
tection of the Laws of the States shoud thro' such an 



74 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Indignity upon the Resolves of Congress, — The Commission 
was Isued in 1775 before Independance was Declared, for 
the Schooner Congress, they have raised out Colonies & put 
in the States, the Certificate of the Secretary Scratched out 
in many places, — I told Capt West the Deception, But he 
Asserted it Came in that manner from the Secretary, — the 
Asserting such a thing in my Presence, Occations my writing 
So pellicular, as it Surely Effects the Charecter of M r Avery 
in his Public Capacity, Cap 1 West has Signify 'd much fear to 
several persons least I shoud take him ( which I had not the 
least tho't of Doing ) he promised to Call for my Letters but 
I understand he has sett of for the Westward — 

The selling of Rum to Indians Prevails Greatly & by the 
Digeneracy of the People there is no bringing persons to 
Account, — Two Actions has already been sett aside at Pow- 
nalboro' Court, for what reasons I Cannot say, I sent word to 
the Gentleman Acting as States Attorney, time not permit- 
ing my Taking suitable Steps myself, — I am at a loss what 
to do in regard to puting the Law in Execution, — I have 
only to mention that this Conduct of people, has Distroy'd 
( & will more ) 100 g C 1 of the States Interests. 

I have the Honour to be with Great Respect Sir Your very 
hbl serv* J Allan 

The Honble Jeremiah Powell Esq r President of the Honble 
Council Board of the State of Mass a Bay 



To the British Commanding Officers at the Mouth of the 
River S 1 John's. 

The Chiefs, Sachems, & Young men belonging to the River 
S 1 Johns duely Considered the Nature of this Great War, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 75 

Between Amarica & old England, they are Unanimous, that 
Amarica is right & old England Wrong. 

The River on which you are with your Soldiers belongs 
from the Most Ancient Times to our Ancestors, Consequently 
is ours Now, & which we are bound to Keep for our 
Posterity. 

You know we are Amaricans, that this is our Native 
Country — You Know the King of England with his Evil 
Councilors has been Trying to Take away the Lands & Lib- 
ertys of our Country, But God the King of Heaven — Our 
King fights for us & Says Amarica shall be free, It is now in 
Spight of all Old England & his Comrades can do. 

The Great Men of old England in this Country told us, 
that the Amaricans woud not Lett us Enjoy our Religion 
this is false, not True, for Amarica allows every body to pray 
to God as they Please, — You Know old England woud never 
allow that, but Says you must all pray like the King & the 
great Men of his Court, we believe Amarica now is right, we 
find all True they Told us, For our old Father the King of 
France takes their part, he is their Friend, he has taken the 
Sword & will Defend them, Amarica is our friends, our 
Brothers & Countrymen, what they do we do, what they say 
we say, for we are all one and the same family. 

Now, as the King of England has no bussiness, nor never 
had any, on this River, we Desire you to go away with your 
men in Peace, & Take all those Men who has been fighting 
or Talking against Amarica. If you Dont go Directly, you 
must take Care of yourself, your Men, & all your English 
Subjects, on this River for if any or all of you are Killed it 
is not our faults, for we give you Warning Time Anough to 
Escape. Adieu for Ever. 

Machias Aug 1 12 Ul 

Auke Paque On the River S l Johns 

August 18 th 1778 True Copy 



76 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

York, August 24 th 1778 
Sir I have a grateful sense of the Honour & Confidence 
placed in me by the Supream executive Power in the State, 
by being appointed a Justice of the Inferior Court of Com- 
mon pleas, and also Judge of the Probate of Wills &c. in the 
County of York. The duties of these offices I have endeav- 
oured to discharge ever since my appointment, to the best of 
my Abilities — But the Infirmities of Age are such (being 
now turned of Eighty ) that it is Expedient the same depart- 
ments should be Occupied by some body that is more able to 
discharge the duties to them. I do therefore hereby Signify 
my Resignation of the said Offices; and all Power and 
Authority granted to me for holding & exercising the same, 
and am Sir Your Very humble Servant. 

John Bradbury 

In Council October 1, 1778 Read & the above Resignation 
was accepted Attest Jn° Avery D y Sec y 

M r Secretary to be Communicated. 



State of Massa" 8 Bay 
To the Honourable the Council & Honourable House of 
Representatives of said State in general Court Assembled — 
We the Subscribers Assessors of the Town of Fryeburg in 
the County of York, having lately been served with a Copy 
of a Petition to your Honours of ten of the Inhabitants of 
Bridgeton, wherein They complain of Their being Assessed 
by the Town of Fryeburg, and Pray an abatement of the 
Same, — Also a Copy of a Resolve of the general Court 
thereon, whereby we have liberty to Shew Cause ( if any we 
have ) why the Prayer of their Petition should not be 
granted &c. We the said Assessors, beg leave to recite the 
Several Paragraphs of said Petition, in order to make Such 
Replies thereto, as we think ought to be done, and which we 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 77 

apprehend will Shew Cause why the Prayer thereof should 
not be granted. 

In the first place ( after their Address to your Honours ) 
They Say, " That your Petitioners have lately been Assessed 
by the "Town of Fryeburg, without any previous Notice, at 
random, without any Valuation or destruction between Rich 
& Poor, which your Petitioners look upon as a grievance." 

This Paragraph Forces us to Reply, That we are Sorry 
they have said they had no previous Notice, as thereby, The}'' 
have obliged us to charge them with a Falsehood. For 
before we laid any Tax upon them viz on the 26 th Day of 
January 1778, we went to Bridgeton to inform them of our 
design to do it, when we carried with us, the Tax-Act & 
Treasurer's Warrant, and Shewed the same to as many of 
them as we could see ( some of those we have Taxed being 
gon out of their Plantation, we could not shew those Papers 
to them) in order to convince them our Right to Tax them 
with the Inhabitants of Fryeburg, and Tarried with them to 
the 28 th of said Month, making the Strictest Inquirey with 
respect to their Estates and circumstances in life that was in 
our power, both with regard to those we found at home & 
those that were absent; And when we had got the best 
information from the mouths of those we could see, both 
with respect to their own & absent Neighbour's Estates and 
circumstances that we could ; and having observed, that in 
the Tax-Act, sundry orders of Men were excused from all 
Taxation, and after they were particularly pointed out, the 
Tax-Act says, "And other Persons, if such there be, who, 
through Age, infirmity, or extreme poverty in the Judgement 
of the Assessors, are not able to pay towards the Publick 
Charges, They may exempt their Polls or Estates, or abate 
pari of what they are set at, as the}- on their oath shall think 
just anil Equitable." We then took the whole matter under 
Consideration, & as there were fifteen Families in that part 



78 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

of Bridgeton which is undoubtedly in the County of York ; 
we duly considered their respective Interests, & circum- 
stances in life, according to the Account we had obtained as 
aforesaid ; and finding thereby, ten of them whose interest & 
circumstances were near equal, we Taxed them eighteen 
Shillings and six Pence half penney each. Two others of 
them whose Interests &c were not equal to any two of the 
ten above mentioned, ( but not in extreme poverty ) we Taxed 
them six Shillings each. — And the remaining three of said 
fifteen Families, being Poor, we laid no Tax at all upon 
them. In doing all of which, we exercised that lenity to 
every one of those we Taxed, which, from the above recited 
passage in the Tax-Act, we could think upon our Oath, was 
Just and Equitable. — As we proceeded in the affair in the 
manner above mentioned, laying no Tax at all upon their 
Estates, and Taxed not one of their Polls as high as a Poll is 
set at in the Tax-Act, we cannot think we deserve the reflec- 
tion the Petitioners have cast upon us by saying, we Assessed 
them at random, without any valuation or distinction between 
Rich & Poor. 

The Petitioners nextly, go on in their Petition to Assign 
( what we Suppose they call ) three Reasons why their being 
Taxed as afores d is a grievance — And firstly they say, 
" Because this Assessment is only to ease them ( meaning 
Fryeburg ) " of part of the burthen justly laid upon them, 
without any advantage to the State." 

To this permit us to Reply ; That as it's well known in 
Court, that Fryeburg is in it's Infancy as well as Bridgeton, 
and being as far advanced in the wilderness, is under like 
disadvantages Bridgeton is ; Therefore we could not think 
the meaning of the Tax-Act was or is, that Fryeburg should 
pay the whole Sum set against the Name of the Town alone. 
No, the Contrary appears by the Treasurer's Warrant, founded 
upon the Tax-Act, whereby we were directed to lay " one 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 79 

hundred and two Pounds upon this Town, or other Places 
next adjoining.'' From whence we trust we may be allow'd 
to say, we no more deserve this Ill-natured Reflection than 
that before mentioned. 

Their Second Reason is, Because ( Say they ) " They have 
Taxed your Petitioners, while others more able to pay, are 
neglected." 

To this we Reply that those Neglected ones the Peti- 
tioners must mean, undoubtedly live in the County of Cum- 
berland : And as the Tax-Act Assigns each County it's quota 
of the Sum laid upon the State, we judged we could not with 
Propriety, extend our Tax out of the County of York. 

Their third Reason is, Because ( they say) '' It will distress 
this Infant Settlement, who are few in Number, but Seven- 
teen Families and a few Single Men some of us have Suffered 
much in our Property thro' fear of the Indians, and not more 
than six able to raise their Bread. 1 ' 

To this we Reply, That as the Tax laid upon the whole of 
them is but nine Pounds Seventeen Shillings & five Pence, 
it cannot distress their Infant Settlement so much, as the 
greater part of the Tax the Inhabitants of this Infant Town 
must pay will distress it, It being newly Incorporated, and 
having a Minister Settled therein upon a Salary of Seventy 
Pounds a year, a meeting House now to build, a School Mas- 
ter to pay, and besides has a great expence arising upon it 
to open, Bridge and Causeway Roads within the Same ; while 
They of Bridgeton have no such expences laying upon them; 
Except they see cause to be at some for Roads among them, 
in doing of which, They undoubtedly will have the Assist- 
ance of the nonresident Proprietors, many of whom are 
wealthy men, and have large Interest in their Plantation. 
As to their Suffering in their Property thro' tear of I lie 
Indians, It's to be hoped their Tolls remain good. If not ; as 
we laid no Tax upon their Property, and have abated such a 



80 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

part of their Poll-Tax as we trust will Ballance that misfor- 
tune, we cannot see what room they have to complain, with 
regard to there being no more than Six able ( as they say ) 
to raise their Bread; — we presume the three we laid no Tax 
at all upon, are part of those they say are unable — and as to 
the rest of them ; according to the account we had of their 
Estates and Circumstances as already mentioned, there can 
be no doubt, but they are able to pay the Small Tax we laid 
upon them. — If their bare word should be thought Sufficient 
to excuse them from Taxes on that account, more than 
twenty Families in this Town will & can with much truth, 
plead the Same. 

Having Shewn the true State of the Case between Bridge- 
ton & Fryeburg with regard to the Tax in Question, we can- 
not but encourage our Selves it Sufficiently Shews the 
unreasonableness of their Petition. 

Wherefore, we the said Assessors Pray your Honours, 
That their Petition may be dismissed, and that the Collector 
of Taxes in Fryeburg may be allow'd to collect the Small 
Tax laid upon the Petitioners, their Reflecting Complaint 
Notwithstanding. 
Fryeburg Aug 1 27 th 1778. 

Isaac Abbot Nath 1 Merrill Simon Frye 

Assessors of Fryeburg 



To the Honourable Council & House of Representatives of 
the State of the Massachusetts Bay 

The Humble Petition of the Committee of Safty & the 
Inhabitance of New Bristol N 2 in frenchman Bay Shews 
that this Place is now in the Utmost Distresed Situation and 
in Particular For Bread Kind 

Last Fall all our Coasting Vessells was taken by the Ene- 
mie with our Lumber with what money oil and Salt we Could 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 81 

Raise to send to Boston for Supplies so that the Inhabitance 
have greatly sufferd the winter & spring Past — as the Man- 
is put a stop to any Vessells Coming to Bring us any Sup- 
plies & the place is Intirly out of any surport for Nature we 
pray your Honours to take our Distressed Situation Under 
your wise Consideration & grant us such Relief as you shall 
think Best- — if you will take Lumber we are Ready to 
Deliver it at any Time if your Honours will send some Ves- 
sell to Us we will Load them with the Utmost Dispatch & if 
you will send L T s supply s & send or appoint a man here to 
Deal them out we will pay for it as we take it without which 
we Can see no way but what Numbers must Perish for fur- 
ther Particulars we Refer you to Cap 1 Dan 1 Sullivan who is 
the Bearer of this as in Duty Bound we ever Pray 

Nathll Preble Samuel Bean Samuel Ball Committee 



Dr. State of Massachusetts Bay in Ace 1 of Bounties Cr. 
Paid by Stephen Smith M. M. 

August To Cash Paid 41 Bounties in Capt" Dyers Company 
on the Expedition to S l Johns River agreeable to Certificate 
@ £6.. 0.. Each 246. 0. 

To Cash Paid 26 Bounties in Captain Wests 
Company on the Expedition to S l John River 
Agreeable to a Certificate {«• .£6.. 0.. Cash .£156.. ().. 



102.. 0.. 
To Sundries for Muster & Paying the above 

men — the Certificates wanting- — By cash of 

Col Eddy 135.. ().. 



Ballance due S. Smith £267.. 0.. 



402.. <».. o 
Errors Excepted 

Stephen Smith Muster Master 



82 DOCUMENTARY H1STOKY 

State of Masetusets Bay 

To the Honr ble Council & house of Representatives in gen- 
eral Assembly Convened 

Annexed to the Petition of the Select men of the town of 
Sanford August ye th 1778 

We your Honours Humble Subscribers being apprehensive 
of Some Error or with Submision to Lay Some Rong Infor- 
mation in the Petitioners who by an ungenerous and Secret 
Way as to us have as we hear been Indulged with the Incor- 
preating Coxhall In to a Town which has been Acted Very 
Contrary to our will and Grately to our Disadvantage and 
Injury : We therefore, Humbly & Unitedly beg that the 
aforementioned Petition of our Select men and Assessers may 
be Answerd and the Act for Incorpreating Coxhall may be 
Suspended : In token of our Desiers and in Evedence of our 
Approbation have hereunto Signed as freeholders and 
Inhabetanc 

Origenal Setlers — Jonathan Johnson John Stanyan Samuel 
Willard Epheram Low Benja Harmon Naphtali Harmon 
Edward Harmon James Gave Walter Powers Enoch Hale 
Jonathan Johnson Jun r Moses Tebets James Hartwell Sim- 
eon Coffin Thomas Williams Henry Smith Arch a Smith Moses 
Stevens David Stevens Samuel Roberts Volintine Sloan 
Ebenezer Roberts John Thompson 

Setlers on the two miles & three Qarters in Dispute — 
Daniel Eastman Joseph Thompson Jonathan Nowell James 
McDaniel Benj a Barrows Israel Hebberd Isaac Coffin Elias 
Sargent Ebenezer Bursul Jeremiah Eastman Daniel Baston 

In Council Sept. 28: 1778 Read & Ordered that Henry 
Gardner Esq. with such as the Honble House may join be a 
Committee to take this Petition with the Annexed Petition 
into Consideration & report what may be done thereon 

Sent down for Concurrence Jn° Avery D y Sc y 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 83 

In the House of Representatives Sept 28 1778 
Read & concurrd & M r Metcalf & Coll Toby are joind 

John Pickering Spk r 

The Com tee of both Houses appointed to take into Consid- 
eration the Petition of the Select men of Sanford together 
with a Petition from a Number of the Inhabitants of Sanford 
aforsd annexed to the Petition of the Selectmen having Con- 
sidered the Same ask Leave To Report the following Reso- 
lution Viz 

Resolved that the act for incorporating the Plantation 
called Cox Hall in the County of York Into a Town by the 
name of Cox Hall passed By the late General Assembly of 
this State be Suspended till the further Order of this General 
Assembly, and the Assessors of the Town of Sanford and 
other Town Officers of Sanford afors d are hereby Fully 
impowered to do & transact all Matters and Things as fully 
as if the Law aforsd had never Passed & it is further Resolved 
that the Petitioners Seasonble Notify the Inhabitants of Cox 
Hall aforsd by Serving them with attested Copies of said 
Petitions & of this Order that they shew Cause ( if any they 
have on the Second thursday of the Next Session of the gen- 
eral Court why the Prayer of the aforsd Petitions should not 
be Granted the Town of Cox Hall to be served with Copies 
as aforsd at least thirty Day before the Time of hearing 
Sep r 30 th 1778 

In the House of Representatives Oct. 1 st 1778 

Read & concurred John Pickering Spk r 

Letter to Col. Allan. 

Council Chamber Boston Sept. 8'" 1778 
Sir, I am Directed by the honbl Board to inform you that 
your Letter IP 1 ' Aug* nil" was rec d & duly Considered; and 
as it appears by your own Estimate, that the provisions now 



84 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

on hand with what the Board of War are already directed by 
the General Court to send, will be Sufficient to support the 
Troops untill the whole Court may have an oppertunity to 
grant further Supplies ; and as the List of Med. shipments 
proposed would arise to a very large Sum ; Therefore as the 
General Assembly are to meet in a few Days, it is thought 
proper to lay all Your Papers before the whole Court 
I am with Esteem & Respect, Y r very h b Serv 1 

Oliver Prescott 



War Office Boston Sept 12 th 1778 
Capt Stephen Smith, Sir 

Inclos'd is Invoice of Sundry Articles deliv'd Francis 
Shaw Esq r & ship'd on board the Schooner Merisheete which 
wish safe to hand, no doubt you will apply them agreeable 
to order of Court — I am, Sir Y r H ble Ser* By Order of the 
Board Jas Warren Jun Sec y 

War Office, Boston Sept r 14 tb 1778 
Col° John Allan, Sir, 

Yours of the 10 th Ultimo has been receiv'd, & the Contents 
duly notic'd ; — The Board have now sent to Capt. Smith 
the Commissary at Machias such of the Articles deficient, as 
was in their Power to supply, — what may be still remaining 
shall be deliver' d when the Public Stores will afford them ; — 
We shall not animadvert upon what you say respecting the 
Marque Tent, as we feel ourselves unconscious of any 
Reflections on that Score, — but we must observe on what 
you say on the high price of things sent you, & that it is 
your opinion the Department which you have fill'd has cost 
the State much money to very little purpose ; — the former 
we are fully convinc'd of, & as for the latter we are happy 
that our Opinion fully coincides with your own. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 85 

We shall only add that most of the peice Goods in the 
Invoice were purchas'd, & charg'd at the same price, & as to 
the other Articles your own Enquiries ( if you will take the 
trouble to make any ) will fully inform you. We are, Sir, 
Y r very H ble Serv 1 

Sam 1 Phips Savage, Pres* p r Order 



Petition of Stephen Parker. 

To the Honorable the Council and the Honorable the Rep- 
resentatives of the Massachusetts State. 

May it please your Honors, with profound respect your 
petitioner begs leave humbly to shew, that by the British ships 
at the time of their attack on Machias a Settlement of this 
State, the year past, he had great part of his interest destroy'd, 
and since has been a heavy sufferer from the capture of his 
person & property on the high Seas by an English Frigate, 
that hereby the means of his livlihood has been cut very 
short, rendering it extreme difficult to make a suitable pro- 
vision for those whom Divine Providence has been pleased to 
give him, that the duty he owes to his family, society & the 
honor & welfare of this State, call for his utmost industry, 
which he ever finds a readiness to comply with, and as the 
carying on a small Fishery at Passumaquody the boundary 
of this State, & a little east of Machious, appears to promise 
that support which himself & dependants need, your peti- 
tioner therefore humbly begs your Honors permission to carry 
on suid business at Passumaquody, & that your Honors would 
be pleased to grant him licence & protection, that no Cruisers 
or others belonging to this Stiite may be permitted to give 
him Lnteruption, and all property there obtain'd by him your 
petitioner most fully engages he will, dangers excepted, bring 
to the markets in said State, and govern himself entirely by 



86 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the honor, welfare, & restrictions thereof, and as in duty 

bound will ever pray for your Honors consumate happiness 

& prosperity. 

Stephen Parker. 

Report on Stephen Parker s Petition. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 
In the House of Representatives, Sept r 21 1778 

On the Petition of Stephen Parker Praying for Liberty & 
Protection for Carying on the Fishing Busniss at Passuma- 
quady in this State — 

Resolved that the Prayer of Said Petition be granted and 
that the said Stephen Parker be permitted to Cary on the 
Fishery at said place until the further order of the gen 1 
Court, he giving Bond to the Treasury of this State with 
Two Suficent Sureties in the Sum of five hundred Pounds 
Conditioned that he will bring into some port in this State & 
Sell all the fish he Shall Take — And all Armed Vessels 
belonging to this State are hereby ordered and Directed not 
to Intercept or Molest the said Parker while Prosecuting the 
Busness afores d — 

Sent up for Concurrence John Pickering Spk r 

In Council Sep r 23 d 1778 
Read & Concurred Jn° Avery D y See 7 

Major Begadus Near Penobscut 

Sept. 25 1778 
Sir 

I wrote you a few Lines Yesterday By Newbury, a gen- 
tleman has Just told me the Marisheete is Lying uncertain 
wether she Returns with supplys The reasons I Cannot 
Comprehend 

I must Earnestly solicit that Expedition may take place 
the situation of the department is Truly Lemen table & 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 87 

Deplorable I can Communicate to the Hon ble Board, & 
Implore in my behalf not to delay sending They may 
depend upon it that the News from the Westward, with the 
Constant Insinuations of the Nova Scotians, It may be 
armed things is & will become more Critical in this Quarter. 
The men has been on half allowance of Bread sometime, the 
Indians I give none to 

Pray sir press matters with the Hon bl Board, & Lett the 
Least of supplys Be sent By the schooner 

I am pushing with all haste for Machias, where I Expect 
to meet several Expresses from the Eastward. 200 Micmacs 
has arrived on S l Johns river, what for I Cannot Learn — 
The French Priest & M r Franchline the British Superintend- 
ent, is now on S l Johns River, what the Event of things will 

be this way the Lord only knows 

I am in haste 

Sir y r hbst 
J Allan 
John Avery Esq 

Account of Isreal Cook for riding Express to Kittery [&c] 

State of Massachusetts Bay to Israel Cook D r 

For going to Bregadeiers Titecomb ; and Frost at Kittere 
He Tole me it was 80 milles 

For Horse Hier at 2 1/6 Pr mille £10-0-0 

Expense of horse keeping on the Rode 3-0-0 

My own Expens going there and Back 4-0-0 

Three days and half time 4-4-0 

The Expence of Ferreys 18 



Boston Sep 1 7 th 1778 
To the Hon 1 Councel. 



£22-2-0 
Israel Cook 



88 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

In Council Sep* 29, 1778 Read & allowed & Ordered 

that a Warrant be drawn on the Treasury for £22-2- in full 

discharge of the above ace* 

Jn° Avery D? Sec y 



To the Hon ble Council & Hon ble House of Representatives 
of the Massachusetts State. May it please your Honors. 

Whereas your Honors in the course of the four last years 
have been perplexd with Numbers of litigious complaints 
and information Against Col n Nathan Jones, of Goulds- 
borough, wherein he has been represented as an Enemy to 
the Liberties of this Country, and that at this very time 
we are informed there is a complaint lodg'd with your honors 
Attested to by one or more persons, into which of consequence 
your Honors will make further Enquiry. We flatter our- 
selves your Honors will kindly receive any light or Evidence 
which may be impartialy given relative to M r Jones's conduct, 
the treatment fee has received and the injuries he has sus- 
tained since the commencement of the present contest between 
America and Great Brittain. We therefore your Memorial- 
ists Neighbours and Acquaintance of M r Jones, Eye and Ear 
witnesses nearly to all his actions, in justice to ourselves, in 
love to our country and duty to your Honors, beg leave to 
represent facts, which cannot with truth be contested or 
denied, by the best friends or greatest Enemys that Gentle- 
man may have, and in as Explicit a manner as we possably 
can. At the commencement of the present difficulties M r 
Jones's connections in Trade was large considering the infant 
state of the Country & of consequence considerably scattered 
as he supplied a great Number of people and many whose 
whole dependance were upon him for their families subsist- 
ance, and in return took lumber & transported it to Markett, 
at his own risque, in the best manner he could, the present 
Opposition in a great measure put a final stop to Trade for 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 89 

some years past that of consequence all these resources are 
nearly cut off here. We are far from having a disposition to 
justify Col n Jones or any other in Opposition to the liberties 
of our Country, but it [is] Evident that the present Revolu- 
tion has Stagerd and strangely Affected the minds of many 
sensible people in America who are now steady supporters & 
Defenders of the liberties of their Country And no doubt 
Col n Jones with others whose plans where wholly disconcerted 
all previlidges cut off a large Family to maintain, and his 
Interest in the hands of persons Active to have their debts 
cancelled surrounded with Enemies ready to take every 
advantage of the frailties of human Nature, we make no 
doubt under these circumstances M r Jones was greatly frus- 
trated and might possably drop words unguarded and incon- 
siderately some time in the year 1774 Col" Jones as well as 
many others contracted with Brittish Government for a 
Quantity of Lumber pickets &c Immediately after the 
resolves of the Committee of Boston forbid the supplying of 
Government with any kind of Lumber on which a Number 
of Inhabitants of Sundry places waited on Col n Jones, and 
told him they were dissatisfied with his Shiping Lumber on 
A ceo* of Government as contrary to the Resolves of the com- 
mittee of Boston, Col n Jones readily complied and did not 
ship any, and took it kind of the Inhabitants and said he did 
not know of such a resolve and that he was ready to comply 
with every Act & resolve of the Country as they came to his 
knowledge. And we are possitive Col" Jones never had nor 
never has since supply'd Government with any, the Inhab- 
itants being satisfied with Col" Jones's declaration they 
parted in friendship. Col" Jones then took a determination 
to load his sloop for Newbury or Salem in a few days after 
another sett of people Assembl'd & to eompleat their Extrav- 
igancy Strip'd his sloop cut & distroy'd her riggen hove what 
lumber she had on board, overboard & Used him & his family 



90 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

in a most scandalous manner. In the year 1775 Col n Jones 
chartered said Sloop early in the summer for a Voyage to 
Ireland within the protection of the Resolves of congress, 
and Accordingly fixed her for a Voyage which was very 
Expensive & sent her to her loading M r Jones thought no 
person could take umbrage at this conduct as the Vessell 
was to return by the way of Virginia with Corn, this was an 
Article we all wanted & stood in Need of, but a new set of 
people from Dear Island which we had never known before 
in this Country, under the denomination of Independent sons 
of Liberty seized upon the Vessell without any Order or 
Authority known to the present Constitution, & with force & 
Violence took the said Sloop & her Appurtenances a gundeloe 
& Bull with her sea stores and carried her Away and held 
her untill sometime in the spring of 1778, near two years 
and a half they improved her as their Own, untill her Hull 
was render'd unfit for service her Sails & riggin tore to 
peices, and in this Condition the Vessell was at last returnd 
without any satisfaction or consideration for the damages he 
had sustained, we forbear to add Numberless circumstances 
of the like Nature toward Col n Jones through the course of 
the last four years. Every Advantage taken, false construc- 
tions put on the greatest part of his word & Actions, has 
fomented & Augmented by Numbers of people, who has 
never been the Advantage of a Shilling toward the protection 
of their Country and in a great Measure owes their very 
existance to him with regard to the support of their families. 
These May it please Your Honors, are galling agrivating 
unprecidented Circumstances and hard to Brook. Job's 
patience was nearly exhausted, David cried out under his 
afflictions, and Sampson was contented to perish in the ruins 
of the house to be Avenged on the Philistines for his ejes, 
Your Memorialists are personally Acquainted with Col n Jones 
and must candidly Attest that we never knew, nor ever heard 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 91 

of bis doing or aiding either by himself or any under him in 
Opposition to the Laws of the Country or the Liberties of 
America in general, had he been such a person as he is rep- 
resented to your Honors, these Eastern parts would have 
been distroy'd before this time, he has had Oppertunities 
repeatedly to have laid & Effected such a plan if he had been 
so disposed. But please your Honors we have Reason to 
think very differently of his disposition his conduct proves 
the reverse, we have found him under all his difficulties a 
Peaceable and useful member of society a friend to Order & 
Regulation ready & willing to comply with the present mode 
of government, & to supply the wants & necessities of poor 
people, besides supplying prisoners on their way from Halli- 
fax Goal on free cost, and feeding the Militia when call'd 
out to the defence of Machias both with Victuals & Drink, 
Add to these his service in the coarse of two Years as one of 
the Committee of Correspondance Inspection & Safety in the 
township of Gouldsborough wherein he has served to the uni- 
versal satisfaction of Evry inhabitant. May it please your 
Honors we take these to be the marks of a friendly disposi- 
tion & such facts we cannot omit representing in justice to 
that Gentleman & we have endeavored to lay before your 
Honors the true State of the whole Matter with regard to 
Col n Jones as far as it refers to his being a friend or an 
Enemy to his Country, we cannot judge his heart nor hearts 
of his Persecutors time may possably determine both, where- 
fore we pray your Honors would take the Matter into your 
Serious & Wise Consideration. And if Col" Jones is guilty 
as Represented your Honors are his Judges if he is not guilty 
we humbly think he merits & stands in Need of your Honors 
protection. And your Memorialists as in Duty bound will 
Ever pray. 

Gouldsborough 2 d Octob 1 1778 
Jonathan Tracy J r John Cubical Abijah Cubical Jon* 



92 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Young John Hanson Benjamin Woodman John Walker 
Nathe'l Tibbit Samuel Jewell Clement firnelld Chris r Tracy, 
James Clark William alien, John Lace John Williams, Rb : 
Shaw Joshua Bickford, J Sutan Aby Campbell, W Shaw Jr 
William Nickels, Noah Young William Shaw James Noonan 
Tobias Allen Benj a Glasier Samuel Laighton Ben a Cousins 
Jonathan Tracy Samuel Lebbey 



Resolve on the letters of Col Allan. 

Oct 1 2 d 1778 
The Committee of both Houses upon the Letters from Col 
John Allan and the papers accompanying the Same find by 
s d Allan's return that y e provisions necessary to support the 
Troops and Indians at Machias with rations untill the First 
day of Dec r next besides what he had on hand and what was 
heretofore ordered by the Court, is 21,505 ^£ lb pork 6,932 
lb Beef 27,033 lb flower 3,931 J^ lb Bread 3,722 % lb Rice 
308 Gallons of Molases. 448 pounds of Butter or Hogsfat 
and 56 bushell peese and whereas it is represented by the 
Board of War to be very Difficult for them to Supply every 
article in Col° Allan's Estimate for rations, Therefore report 
the Following Resolve 

Resolved that the Board of War be and they hereby are 
directed to Supply Smith Commissary at Machias with A the 
foregoing innumarated articles of provisions. B to Compleat 
the Rations for the Troops & Indians at Machias untill the 
first day of Dec r next & if it is not in their power to Furnish 
the Quantity of Pork & Flower Sufficient for that purpose 
to Supply the deficiency in Beef & Grain or Bread. 
And that the s d Board of War be and they hereby are 
Directed to Supply the s d Commissary with the Medicians for 
the use of the s d Troops agreeable to the annexed Skedule, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 93 

and forward them as soon as Conveniantly may be together 
with one Box of pipes three Hundred w* of good Tobacca 
one Hogshead of Rum and one Cask of Small Wine for the 
Use of the Truckhouse at Machias. 

In Council October 2 d 1778 

Read & sent down Jn° Avery D y Sec y 

In the House of Representatives Oct 15 th 1778 

Read & accepted with an amendment viz Dele from A to 
B and insert " Twenty one Thousand five hundred & five 
pounds & an half of Pork — Six thousand nine hundred & 
thirty two pounds of Beef. Twenty seven thousand & thirty 
three Pounds of Flour. Three thousand nine hundred & 
thirty one & an half pounds of Bread. Three thousand & 
seven hundred & twenty two & a quarter pounds of Rice. 
Three Hundred & eight Gallons of Molasses. Four hundred 
& forty eight pounds of Butter or Hogsfat, & fifty six 
bushels of Pease." 

Sent up for Concurrence John Pickering Spk r 

In Council Oct 1 15, 1778 
Read & Concurred Jn° Avery D y Sec y 

A List of Med 8 for the Troops Stationed at Machias. 
[ Here follows a list of Medicines.] 

To the Hon ,,le the Council & Hon ble the House of Represent- 
atives of the State of Massachusetts Bay. 

May it Please your Honors 
Whereas we your Memorialist Inhabitants of New Bristol N° 
Two, are In formed that for some Time past sundry Com- 
plaints have been laid before your Honors against Col 1 
Nathan Junes of Gouldsborough as being an Enemy to the 
Libertys and Laws of this State, and that it is to be fear'd 
that lit; the said Junes will be the means of doing Damage 



94 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

to this place, We the subscribers his Neighbours think it our 
Duty to Inform your Honors that We look on such Accusa- 
sions to be Groundless, & that We have not the least fear 
from any Information he will give against the Country, on 
the Conterary, we are well knowing both Col Jones and his 
Family have been very kind to our Distressed Brethren who 
have made their Escape from Halifax Goal, and Supplyd our 
Militia at Several Times when called out for the Defence of 
Machias with Provisions & Drink at Free Cost, had he been 
Disposed to do this Country any Damage, he has not only to 
lay but carry His Plans into Execution, & Might have given 
every Information of the weak State of this Country, We 
would further Inform your Honors that we Esteem Col. 
Jones as a good Neighbour, a good Member of Society & very 
useful in this Place, and if Nothing is proved against Him 
more than We who are his Neighbours are Acquainted with 
we are very easy on said Gentleman's Account & doubt not 
your Honors will wisely Judge between him & his Accusors 
& as in duty bound your Memorialists will ever pray. 
New Bristol N° 2 October 3 d 1778. 

John Bone Nath 1 Prebble Dan 1 Sullivan William Gascomb 
Thomas Googins John Urin William Whitteker. 



To the Chiefs, Sachems & Young Men of the Marisheete 
Tribe of Indians now on the River S l Johns. 

Brothers, I am very sorry to find, that such Impressions 
are made on your minds by an Ecclesiastical Person, who is 
hired by the bloody King of England, to Introduce the Con- 
cerns of the Soul, so as to Exert & prompt you by Speritual 
Threats to Join in Masecraing your Countrymen in America. 
Coud you have the Letters Suitably Interprated to you, you 
may see that Deceit Predominant, which has hitherto Actu- 
ated the Councils of George the third. This Preceeding of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 95 

M r Buck I shall duly Transmit to Monsier Gerard Plenepo- 
tentaray from the Most Christian King to the United States. 

Brothers We had Councils upon these Matters, & I 
rejoice to find that Spirit of freedom Flaming in the Breasts 
of those Present, that like Americans they intend to fall & 
Rise with the people of this Great Continent, I shall (not 
with a View to punish you Speritually as you are Threatened 
by the Celebrated British Superintendant ) Transmit these 
Matters to a proper Authority, with the Names of those 
flaming Advocates among you for Great Britain. 

Brothers, It is Needless & woud be Unjust for me to say 
I will pardon your Sins if you will return to me, No. I 
dispise the meathod & Treat it with that Contempt every 
believer of Christ shou'd do, — I speak to you Brothers as a 
Layman, as a Citizen of America, one of your own Country- 
men, Consider who you are, look to that Great God who 
made you, reflect upon the Consequence of giving up your 
Tittle as freemen, to that Dispotic Prince, whose Intentions 
are to Establish that Arbitary Power which will wrench from 
your hands all that is Dear & Sacred, both Civil & Religious. 

Brothers I say no more on this, your Virtue is spoak of 
a broad do not Stain those Laurals you have purchased, by 
having the least Connections with the Enemy. Brothers I 
Expect to hear other things on the return of the Bearers, am 
Taking every step to thro' every Assistance on the River & 
Probably you may see me there. 

Brothers, I have been speaking to you, as a Civil Person, 
as a friend, But now as your Commanding Officer, I strictly 
In join & Command any of you, who are with the Britains, to 
Leave them without Delay, that you immediately pursue 
those orders you may receive from such persons authorised 
under the United States, as you Know Well you have all 
Engaged in that Service. 

Brothers I understand many of you are Still Acting the 



96 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Virtuous Part, & Determined to Oppose all Vilinous Propos- 
ials made by Deceitfull & Designing Men your Names shall 
be Perticularly Recorded. 

Brothers, I Expect you will All Act like men, like 
Amaricans, like Christians, You will not hurt any person in 
Cool Blood, but Treat all Persons with Mercy, be perticu- 
larly Cautious not to Insult or frighten Women & Children, 
Nor by any means Take a Life when in your Power to spare it. 

Brothers, You will secure all the Arms belonging to 
Inhabitants & those who opposes you in this business bring 
them here. You will Sieze Every Vessell belonging to a 
Subject of the British King ) behaving with such in a Man- 
ner to Deserve the Name of Christians & Soldiers. 

Brothers, I Expect you will again renew your request, 
by Notifying the Britains to leave your river & Teritories, or 
Treat them as they Deserve. 

Brothers, I send in the Marisheete Two of our Tribe, to 
pay another Complement to France & America, & request a 
Spiritual father, for the business of the church not to Inter- 
fere in Politicks, for such things I think is not the business 
of Clergymen, for Observe if a Priest pursues his duty as an 
Ambassador of Jesus Christ, he will find Sufficient to do, to 
prepare Souls for Salvation, without Manageing War affairs 
& other Matters of this life. 

Brothers, I understand that the Letters I sent our Broth- 
ers the Micmacs, have been Construed by some British Incen- 
deries & Miscerants in a manner Diametricaly Opposit to 
what is wrote, This Checanary of theirs I allow is Necessary 
to support their Cause, for without it the} r Coud not Presume 
to shew their faces, you all very well Know that any Letters 
Put into my hands I interprated Truely is It was, You will 
my brothers soon see all this Deceit of theirs, for that God 
who rules & governs, will not Admit such Low Art & Cun- 
ning, to pursue their Diabolical Intentions. 



OF THE STATE OP MATNE 97 

Brothers, I Salute you all, the Chiefs, Sachems, Young 
men, Women & Children on the River S l Johns, Wishing 
that the great & Devine being may Protect you, Give you 
such Council Wisdom as not to fall into the Traps & Snares 
laid both for Soul & Body, but may the Time Quickly Come, 
when every Amarican, shall sett Quietly under his own vine 
& figtree, when our Great King Shall Take upon himself the 
immediate Command, of this great Continent & Root out for 
ever from among us, not only the persons, but the Names of 
Earthly Kings & Potentates. 

In Testimony of my friendship & Sincerity, I send this to 
you, with a String of Wampum & Maddle Annexed in the 
usual form, at Head Quarters Machias this 3 d Day of Octo- 
ber 1778 & in the 3 d Year of Amarican Independance 

J. Allan, Cont 1 Agent, Colonel & Com r in Chief of Indians 
Eastern Depart. 
Copy 

We whose names are hereunto subscribed ( Select Men of 
the Town of Berwick in the County of York, within the State 
of the Massachusetts Bay ) Do hereby Certify that M r Robert 
Struthers a Native of North Britain has resided Amongst us 
as a Trader for these seven Years past, but Constantly for 
upwards of three years, and has always Demeaned himself as 
a Good Citizen & a friend to this Country in every respect. 

Given under Our hands in Berwick this 5 th day October 

1778 

John Hill James Roberts Jedidiah Goodwin James Warren 

Select men of Berwick 
To All whom it may Concern 



R< turn of the Indians Taken into the Service of the United 
Slates for the Defence of Machias in the State; of Massachu- 



98 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

setts Bay under the Command of Colonel John Allan Conti- 
nental Agent & Commander in Chief of Indians Eastern 
Department 

At Machias & a Hunting within sound of the Alarm, 
Capt 8 1 ; Lieut 8 1 ; Chiefs & Captains 3 ; Privates 75 : Total 
80. 

At S 1 Johns River, Chiefs & Captains 1 ; Privates 20 ; 
Total 21. 

Prisoners with the Enemy, Lieut 8 1 ; Total 1. 

English Officers Capt 8 1, Lieu' 8 2; Chiefs & Captains, 4; 
Privates 95; Total 102. 

Machias October 6 th 1778 A True & Authentic Return. 

Ja 8 Avery Lieu* 

State of Troops, And Other Persons, in the Service of the 
United States, under the Command of Colonel John Allan 
Continental Agent & Commander in Chief of Indians Eastern 
Department, Stationed at and for the Defence of Machious in 
the State of Massachusetts Bay. October 6 th 1778. 

Artillery Company, Commissioned Officers, 1 1 st Lieuten- 
ant; Staff Officers, 1 Conductor, Sarjents, 1; Corporals, 1; 
Bumbadiers 1 ; Gunners 1 ; Drm's & Fifes 2 ; Privates 22 ; 
Total 30. 

Field Officers, 1 Colonel, 1 Major. 

Staff Officers, 1 Commiss'y, 1 Qua 1 Master, 1 Surgeon. 

Sargent Major 1. Total 6. 

Capt. Robins Company ; Commissioned Officers, 1 Captain, 
1 1 st Lieutenant, 1 2 d Lieutenant, 1 Sargent, 1 Corporal, 1 
Drms. & Fifes, 10 Privates. Total Present 25. Deserters 4. 
Prisoners, 1 Private. Total 30. 

On Board Marisheete ; Commissioned Officers, 1 Captain. 
Privates 2. Total present 3. Prisoners, 2 Privates. Total 5. 

Employed for Doing Public Service Coriors 3 ; Armorers 
1 ; Total present 4 ; Prisoners, 1 Private. Total 5. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 99 

Capt. D}-er of the Marisheete a Prisoner with the Enemy 
Died Since Last Return. 

Machias October 6 th 1778 
A True & Authentic State Taken from the Different 
Returns by order of the Com 8 Officer 

Ja B Avery Sec y 

[ Here follows an estimate of provisions necessary for the 
troops, &c at Machias, Oct. 6, 1778.] 

Machias October 8 th 1778 
Sir, 

By the Schooner Marisheete, I had the Honor of receiving 
a Letter from the Honble Oliver Prescot of the 8 th Ult° 
advising me of the Honble Boards Intentions of Laying my 
several Letters with the Estemates before the General Court, 
I have no reasons to Diviate from this as I presume it is the 
proper Channal thro' which such Affairs are to be managed. 

By the same Opportunity some articles were rec d from the 
Board of War, tho' not the Amount ordered by Court, their 
reasons were Sufficient as they Acquainted me they were not 
in the Public Stores — I am willing to put up with all these 
Difficulties, & make the best use of our Indegent Situation 
as Possible. But I am often put to Shifts to manage the 
Different Dispositions & fluctuating Turns of those I have 
under my Command. 

The repeated & Various demands which often happens in 
the Several Branches of this Department, oblidges me to 
Take from one for the Aid of the other, at Present I have 
nothing but Meal for the use of the Soldiers, & this Occa- 
tioned by the Great Demands of Indians Soldiers, the 
Excurtions to the different Parts, A: Sales from the Truck 
House, that Part sent Solely for [ndians not being sufficient. 

So much Time being relapsed since I sent the Estimate, 



100 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Indians taking something of A Different Turn, keeping 
Some all ways out a Hunting & fishing, with the smiles of 
Providence, on this Department, to this Time, makes the 
Demands much less then what I was apprehensive woud be 
wanting, — and am as well Contented & Satisfied that we 
have been at no more Expence. 

The Demands I apprehend that will be still wanting I 
shall here Inclose in an Estimate, which Probably we may 
not have occation for Indians, but this Department is liable 
to Every difficulty shoud Supplys not be sent, — a Consider 
able quantity I have borrowed, some rations due the Officers 
& Soldiers, I must press Earnestly that the Amunition may 
not be Neglected. 

I wrote M r Avery some days ago from Penobscutt, Just to 
Desire him to Acquaint the Honble Board of my being at 
that Place, on some Bussiness with that Tribe. 

I had been often Solicited by those Indians to go to 
Penobscutt, but I put them off as my Business Appeared 
more Assential Eastward. 

On the 7 th Ult° 4 Canoes & Eight Men Arrived, with a 
Message from the Chiefs, Sachems & Young Men, requesting 
my immediate attendance, Accordingly on the 11 th I set of 
thro' the Lakes & hi five days reached Penobscutt Old Town, 
where the general Part of the Tribe was then Assembled. 

I immediately Assembled them, & held a Conference, 
which Continued with short Intermissions 4 days, — their 
Complaints were Great, & Many produced Several Instances 
wherein they were Treated very 111. I will Just Mention 
what they said in the first Speach After my Arrival. 

(Orano) 

" Brother We have met Togeather and with one Heart & 
Voice Salute you and Welcom you to our Village — Very 
Glad & rejoiced to see you in health, hoping that God will 
Preserve it, — what I speak to you now is the Voice of all 






OF THE STATE OF MAINE 101 

the Indians of Penobscutt, In Token of which I Deliver you 
these Two strings of Wampum. 

" Brother We are Glad & Thank you for what you said 
to us Yesterday. Our Complaints are Great & a long Time 
we wanted to make it Known to some person. 

" Brother By Repeated Promises from our Brothers of the 
Massachusetts we had a right to have a Truck House on this 
River, where we Coud go to get what we Wanted, But we find 
to the Contrary. No more is ever sent for us, but what Two 
or Three Common Hunters Can take up, & that of the most 
inferior Sort. If any Larger Quantity is sent us, it must be 
Disposed to Others than Indians. 

" Brother Having no governments Truck House you may 
Easily Conceive the Miserable Situation of Indians. You 
Know we are not like the White people to Manage our 
Affairs, perticularly when Liquor is in our way, — when we 
Care not for the Most Valuable Part of our Interest, if we 
Can Git Rum, — By Which if we Possess ever so great a 
Property, by our own Conduct we become Miserable. 

" Brother We was in Hopes when we Acknowledged, 
ourselves Amaricans, Owned them as Brothers, that the 
White People on this River woud have Taken some Notice 
of us, & not Admitted any person whatever to Take Advan- 
tage of our Unhappy Disposition. But to our Great Misfor- 
tune we find great Numbers of them who Trys all they Can 
to hurt us, — will not only ('heat us but will Steal from us. 
This Tribe has Taken last Winter above 2500 Moose Skins, 
besides a great Quantity of beaver & other Furrs, — it is gone 
from us, & we have not a Sufficiency that will secure our 
familys till Winter. You may see Sir what we have, — which 
we Call upon God as Witness is Truth. Our Men & Women 
are made Drunk & after they take all from us will Kick us 
out of Doors. 

"Brother The English here are of many minds, and we 



102 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

have been Continually Tossed to & fro, with different News. 
Many Torys are among us, who are often Teling us about 
the Goodness of the King of England. A great many who 
Tells us things on Both Sides to git Money, — & we see them 
willing to Act any way so they gete Money, — & some are 
Amaricans. We Indians are very unhappy, & must Acknowl- 
edge by the Behavour of the White people we Disagree among 
ourselves & often Times Know not which side to Take, — 
but all this Time we are Miserable ourselves. 

" Brother The White People on this River, have Come & 
Settled Down upon the Lands which was granted us. We 
have Warned them of, But they say they Dispise us, and Treat 
us with Language only fit for Dogs. This Treatment we did 
not Expect from Amaricans, — Perticularly when the General 
Court of this State Granted the Land to us themselves. We 
Expect they will Keep good & Support their Promise. 

" Brother You say you have no Authority from the Great 
Congress respecting us, — only a Military Command from the 
General Court at Boston. But being glad to See you & Sat- 
isfy'd with what has been done with our Brothers the Mari- 
sheete Tribe, we Desire & Expect you will be our friend, & 
tell all these things we mention to that Authority that will 
hear our Destress & Grant us releaf. Otherwise we must do 
as well as we Can, — and Trust to that Great God who has 
hitherto preserved us & pray that his Good Council may be 
given, — that we may be Directed to Procure Satisfaction for 
the abuse given our Injured Family s. 

" Brother We mind what you say about our being Expi- 
ditious, we will delay No Time, — But as we must have 
many Councils among ourselves, & Wanting to have Much 
Talk with you, — We Expect you will not think of returning 
this five Days. 

"Brother God Bless you, — farewell till we see you 
again." 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 103 

This is the greavences of these people in General, — during 
my stay we had many familiar Conferences Public & Private. 
I Inquired & Examined into the Perticulars sett forth by 
them, — and found that their Complaints were but to Just & 
True, & Such as must reflect the greatest Dishonour on 
many persons settled on that River, — I was an Eye Witness 
myseli to some of the most Diabolical Proceedings, but tho't 
it most prudent not to Take any further Notice, till this was 
Communicated to the Honble Board. The Laws made Pro- 
hibiting the Trade is Treated witli Contempt, & such free- 
doms are taken & Justiss so Stagnated in the Eastern Parts, 
that it Appears almost impossible to prosecute those culprets 
to conviction. 

As to their Dispositions, I have not Experienced such 
Difficultys to bring to a Steady Rule — their Minds have 
been so Corrupted & Diff 1 Impressions made by the Several 
Sorts of people who has been Talking with them, that they 
doubt the Veracity of every one, in some Measure who may 
be Transacting any Business. 

In respect to their Lands, as the General Court has been 
pleased to give them such a Tract by grant, I think it but 
Just they should be Defended in their right, & people not 
permitted to go on till a Settlement is made with them for 
the purpose, — for if Tolerated it must make a bad Impres- 
sion on their minds, & they in consequence doubt the 
Veracity of Government. 

The Honble Board must permit me to Diviate from the 
Sentiments of the Gen 1 Court in granting such an Extencive 
Country to these people. This being once done & thus put 
in Possession of them it is a hard matter to git it from them, 
without much Difficulty & Sometimes fatal Consequences, 
and great pity it woud be not to have such a fine Country 
settled with Civilized Inhabitants. 

The Indians worn! have been much more Contented & Sat- 



104 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

isfyed, if the Court had granted them an Exclusive right to 
the Beaver hunting, and inded in behalf of these poor people, 
I must all ways claim it as an Indubitable Right, — I am of 
the same Oppinion as the Indians, that as the White people 
are more Civilized, Acquainted with Agreculture, & other 
bussiness for Support, it is hard the Indians Cannot have 
this Little part for the Subsistance of their familys, — more 
so as they were the Original Proprietors of this Country. 

Some persons may Suppose, by this, that I mean to Intro- 
duce Acts of Prohibition for game as in arbitrary Kingdoms, 
but it is foreign from my heart. But my reasons are this, 
the Furr trade is allways thought very advantageous to that 
Community, Avhere it is properly regulated, therefore every 
step should be Taken to preserve its Utility, many evils 
Derives from the English people Hunting, — Among Others 
they are not Acquainted with the Manner of preserving the 
Increase, — and I am very well Assured the Hunting Dimin- 
ishes — there being 100 rj C l odds in the Quantity within 
these few years, such depreciations were not Known before 
the English Interfer'cl. The repeated Quarrells which hap- 
pens between the Whites & Blacks, are too Notorious not to 
be Universially Known, — & from their Enthusiastic Princi- 
ples, respecting their Natural Rights to this, Kind Providance 
must often Miracuously Interfere to Prevent many fatal 
Consequences. 

The Honble Board may think me Legetious in being so 
perticular, but as this Tribe has allways been under the 
Immediate Inspection of the General Court, & their Com- 
plaints being founded upon Promises & Connections they 
have had with this State in Perticular, I thought it Expedi- 
ent to Communicate the matter as it is done for their Hon- 
ours Deliberation, & for them to pass their Judgment upon it. 

The matter of the Land probably may be settled, I had 
much Talk with them upon it, they differ much in Senti- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE. 105 

ments among themselves, — but Universially think it to be 
an Iufringment. There is one Colburn who Lived there 
sometime before the grant was given, he has been very Indus- 
terous & has a Valuable farm, I think it a great pity to 
remove him, if it is Possible to agree with the Indians, — 
there is none that appears to be his Enemy & I believe woud 
Consent upon some Terms for his Continuance. But Several 
has moved on since the grant was given & from a Spite to 
them they Command all to Remove. I recommend strongly 
that some persons may be appointed to Settle this Affair, as 
the Indians are so liable to Drink, was they not disposed 
for mischief at other Times. I am sure According to the 
Common Course of things, that some very Disagreeable 
Affair will happen. 

In reguard to a Truck House the Honble Board Best 
Knows what they have promised & what has been Done. I 
am well Convinc'd that if supplys were Laid in there, under 
the Care of such persons as woud Mannage the Bussiness 
with Integrity, ( not meaning that any former person has done 
otherwise perticular Colo. Lowder who I have a good opinion 
of & the Indians Desire he may be Truck Master ) very 
Great Advantages migh£ be reap'd as well as Satisfaction & 
Contentment to the Indians, — those have had a Great Oppor- 
tunity to get at the Marisheete, Passamequody &c — the 
former being allways on their Hunting Ground, & the Latter 
the much greater part of their Time on duty here. 

I shall Communicate the perticulars to Congress as it is 
the Indians Earnest desire, & Trust that all will Cast an Eye 
of Pity on these Poor Wretches, that Justess may be done 
them, & be better taken care of for the futer 

I now leave the whole of this Affair to the Honble Courts 
Determination any Directions or Commands they may Give 
me, I shall Endeavour to Execute, & if otherwise to give my 
advice in the best manner I am able. 



106 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

On my arrival at Machias I found that an Express had been 
sent after me in Consequence of Intillegence from the Enemy 
at St Johns, & the movement of the Indians in our Service. 

The Britains have at Last made a desperate push respect- 
ing Indians, such that I am sometimes Jealous wheather I 
can repel the Torrent. 

M r Franklin the British Superintendent, with M r Burk the 
french Priest Arrived about the middle of September, when 
Expresses were sent to the Indians at the Different Places 
of abode. One Come this way with Letters from both those 
persons, a Copy of which I here Inclose (I had not time to 
Translate M r Burks therefore must Trouble to have it done 
in Boston.) 

At the same time I rec d Intillegence from Nova Scotia, that 
Government were Determined to take every step in their 
Power, & were Sanguine that their Endeavours woud Take 
the desired Effect. 

The Indians appeared now as they have been often repre- 
sented using deceit. Many had Arrived at Fort How on the 
River S* Johns, the Behavour of the British Officers & Sol- 
diers, being Different towards them then before, the Valuable 
presents given, but to Crown all the Spiritual Threats of the 
Priest shoud they not return & the pardon already granted if 
they did Join, Seemed to put them into Strange Convultions & 
Agitations of mind. Their zeal for the Roman Catholic 
religion, their being a long time without a Priest, Confessions, 
Absolutions, Baptisms, Marrages & the other Sacrements of 
that church, being in their Ideas, so Necessary for Temporal 
& Eternal Wellfare, not having had any Administered, for a 
long time Seemed to Stagger -the Most Zealous for Amarica, 
that were in this Place. Major Stillman ( whose Behavour 
at all times deserves applause ) acted as agent in my absence, 
had Great difficulty to Detain them till my Arrival. 

They being much in liquor the first day, the Next I Called 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 107 

them Togeather & for three days we were on the Bussiness, 
with Little Intermissions I used every Argument I was mas- 
ter of & finally laid an Injunction upon them as Commanding 
Officer. 

They then Delivered their Last Speech & acquainted me 
they were fully satisfy'd with what had been said, & had all 
as one man (those present) Determined not to go near the 
Priest, only that some shoud go & Acquaint their Brethren 
of the News. I Acquainted them what was my Intention, to 
send an Express to the Indians at S* Johns with all haste, 
Commanding them to leave the Britons, — That Lieu* Guil- 
man with some Indians shoud be sent by the Lakes to the 
River S l Johns as an English Commander there, to Continue 
till he rec a further Orders, — That the Marisheete shoud be 
Dispatched for Boston with an ace* of these Matters, by 
whome I shoud send Two Sober Indians, to Complement the 
States, & the French Admeral & Try to git a Priest for a 
Short Time. This Proposal rec d Universal Applaus & Two 
very honest good men was Nominated for Boston. 

In Consequence of the above I dispatched the Express to 
S l Johns a Copy I here Inclose — allso gave Instructions to 
Lieu 1 Guilman (who was then at Machias) to proceed from 
Penobscutt, to S l Johns, where I presume he is by this Time 
By this Opportun y with the Marisheete I send the Two 
Indians under the Care of Cap* Preble. 

The Indians resents much that a Priest has not been 
sent Down, when such Promises were made the Two Young 
men when in Boston the past Summer, perticularly when they 
understood so many are in Boston, 

I did not intend to have sent my Indians to the Westward, 
as I Know what Trouble they are, but I was Glad to take 
any step to keep them from going to S* Johns, if it was no 
other Service they woud be as Hostages while away, — & 
Divert the others attentions by Expeoting something new. 



108 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

The principle matter at present with them is a Priest, 
If it is not allowed I will do my Endeavours to keep them, 
but it is a Doubt to me if it Can be affected. 

Shoud I have a favourable Account from S l Johns, I 
intend disbanding Cap 1 Robbins Company, & indeed I shall 
be Necessitated to do it for want of Provisions. 

The Honble Board will perceive by the Estimate of pro- 
visions for Indians, that I have put down only forty, this is 
all I Actually have now in Service & what I Can Say is 
immediately under my Command, — the others are up in the 
Lakes, I have received an Account that Twenty are at S* 
Johns with Franklin, but I fear there are many more, — 
Shoud they Take notice of my Letter, I may Expect a large 
body of the Marisheete as well as great number of the Mic- 
macs who are all on the Wing, — How it will be I Cannot 
say. 

After the Departure of the Marisheete I intend making an 
Excurtion — Toward S k John's thro' the Lakes. 

Several persons belonging to Cumberland, has been Solicit- 
ing about giting their familys from thence, — I shoud be glad 
to have permission, if not Inconsistant with the Service to 
send a flag of Truce to fort Cumberland. 

I have rec d Several Authentic Acc t8 from Nova Scotia 
respecting the Movements of the Enemy there, & find they 
are Garrisoning all the former fortresses, that of S* Johns a 
Number of Artificers Lately went there, & a reinforcement 
of Soldiers, so that they are making themselves as Strong as 
Possible. 

It is Probable I may not have the Honor of the Command 
much Longer here, but I think it my Duty, both for the 
Interest of the States, & the Security of the Eastern Coun- 
try, to give timely notice to the Honble Board, that shoud 
the War Continue much Longer, the Enemys Situation at 
the River S* John's shoud be perticularly Attended to, for 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 109 

the Great advantages in being Possessed of that Importent 
part, the many Communications which there is from the 
river to the Different Settlements on the Eastern Shore, a 
fatal Stroake may be Given before we may be aware of it, — 
This is not Chimerical or Vague, my Intelligence is such 
that I am no way Doubtfull. 

The Honble Board will observe that, the Troops are to be 
Disbanded in about six Weeks, when the place will be left 
Defenceless, there is Artillery & Ordenances to a Consider- 
able Amount, allso other property belonging to Government, 
Shoud there be no more Ordered to Continue in the Service 
it will be highly Necessary to remove them, as it will be a 
Great Excitement for the Enemy to make an Attempt, — I 
beg that this may be Attended to. 

I have not had it in my Power to Communicate to Congress 
the State of the Indians or How to Establish a Truck House— 
I shall Endeavour to do it as soon as I am Convinced of the 
Intention of the Indians & have an Answer from S l Johns, — 
The Season I fear will be so far Advanced that it will make 
it Late. 

I Expect the Board of Warr will be able by this Time to 
Accomplish the Mem° which was order'd by the General 
Court last Spring, — my own Situation for want of it, I shall 
say nothing about, I will Endeavour to do my duty if ever 
so Severe & Difficult. 

The fort I sett about building Last fall, I Coud do nothing 
with this season for want of Utencels, which I have repeat- 
edly apply'd for, a very Large Quantity of Timber is now 
about it, shou'd the General Court not Chuse to have any 
thing further done, it woud be best to Dispose of the Tim- 
ber, - I woud be glad to Know their Intention. 

I have the Honor to Be with the utmost Respect Sir 
Your most Obd* & Devoted Ilbl sv' 

.1 Allan. 



110 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

P. S. October 14 th 

Late Last night Four Indians Arrived from Restegaushe 
on the head of the bay Cheulour, the most Distant Tribe of 
the Micmacs Eastward, — I was more Jealous of them then 
any, from the connections they allways had with Merchants 
& others from Britain, & their being so near Canada, — I was 
formerly well Acquainted with them, & sent soon after my 
arrival last year, but had no Answer. My last Express 
reached them, & was Explained to Satisfaction, In Conse- 
quence of which these four ( as they say ) were sent & this 
day had a Conference. They Declared their zeal & Attach- 
ment for Amarica, & Appoligised for their not Coming 
before, the reason was the Great distance & the Uncertainty 
how things were going, having never received a proper 
account, they Deliver'd me Two Long Strings of Wampum, 
& hove a gorget on the ground ( which was given them by 
the Britains ) with the Utmost Appearance of Malice. Dur- 
ing the Conversation I preceived a Peculiar Veneration for 
the French, & Notwithstanding all their Professions I saw a 
Preheminency allways that way, more so when they Told me 
they must go to Boston to see the great men from Fiance & 
be Satisfyed if all was True they heard. I Endeavour d to 
Convince them the Impropriety of Going to Boston, that it 
was Intirely useless, that my Authority was Sufficient to 
Settle every matter respecting Indians, that it woud appear 
rediculous for such Young Men to make their Apperiance 
before such great people, & that they woud be in Danger of 
the Small Pox. An Altracation Insued, & finaly said they 
were Determin'd to go in their Birch Canoes & Look'd upon 
I wanted to Deceive them. I said no more, but Compell'd 
to give way, as it might be of worse Consequence. I am 
very sorry for this as it will be a great Expence & much 
Trouble for nothing, & all to Satisfy their Silly Curosity — 
& hided I am Led to think that their Authority is not much, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 111 

which our Indians here allso doubts by their forwardness to 
go, being Young Men, — this Menover Disappoints me much, 
as I had Picked out Two of the Soberest Indians here, had 
given M r Preble such Instructions as to Prevent any Trouble 
whatever to the Court, — these 4 I know nothing about & if 
any bussiness I am Stranger to it. I woud recommend that 
they may be Treated with Complesence within the bounds of 
reason, — But by no means to Settle any bussiness with 
them. The Honble Board may remember the Difficulty 
which happened some time ago respecting the Treaty Sign'd 
by some Young Men of the Micmacs, which the whole Body 
highly resented, more perticularly Against the Council, as 
their Young Men to Excuse themselves, said they were taken 
the advantage of, & did not Know the Contents, ( John Bap- 
test one of these 4 Was a Signer) Since my Arrival I have 
been much Deceived by many, — have often Negosiated 
bussiness, when there was no other Inducement but to get 
presents, & the Honble Board may Depend upon it that 
nothing Parmanant can be Expected from any Treaty with 
the Indians ( I mean Eastward ) without you assemble the 
body at their Village and have the Assent of the whole. I 
have given M r Preble the Care of them, to prevent Trouble 
otherwise, but it gives me pain to think I am any way Con- 
cernd with their Voyage. The Intelligence they bring about 
the others is Disagreeable. M r Burk the Priest is at Auke 
Paque & a Number with him. The chiefs of Several Tribes 
of Micmacs which were Coming here he sent back — I still 
keep all the chiefs of S l Johns with me Except Piere Toma. 
I imagcn the Scheme is to git all the Indians they can at 
this Village where the Mass House; is, their Detain them for 
some time to Pardon Sins, & by keeping up Conferences 
Civil & religions to Wean their Affection from Amarica, then 
Take them down to M 1 Franklin at the Fort. I have; only 
[ to J say, what the Event will be the Wise being only 
Knows. I will soon setl of and do all I Can. J. A. 



112 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

State of Massachusetts Bay 
In the House of Representatives Oct 9, 1778 

On the Petition of the Selectmen of Topsham — in the 
County of Lincoln, setting forth that many Doubts & Dis- 
putes have arisen in said Town on account of the neglect of 
a regular Return on the Warrants for calling their annual 
Town Meetings in March 1776, 1777 and 1778 & neglecting 
to record the same — 

Therefore for solving all such Doubts and Disputes — 
Resolved That none of the Proceedings of said Meetings 
or of any Town Meeting since March 1776 shall be con- 
sidered as invalid on Account of the irregularity of the said 
Returns — or neglect in recording the same 

Sent up for Concurrence John Pickering Spk r 

In Council Oct r . 9, 1778 Read & Concurred 

Jn° Avery D y Sec y 



War Office October 13 1778 
Sir 

the Board were agreable surpriz'cl with your Letter 9 th 
Instant dated at Falmouth as they were fear full you was 
taken. Your conduct hitherto we approve & shall pay your 
Draft when it may be produced We write by M r Thayer to 
William Frost Esq r to assist you in procuring an anchor & 
other things you may have occasion for, which when you 
have receiv'd you are to engage the best Pilot & take the 
very first Opportunity to come for Boston We recomend to 
you every precaution on your passage, as it is reported that 
a British man of War is Cruezing that way 

Y r hble Serv 1 
To Cap 1 Peter Pollard 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 113 

In Council October 13 th 1778 

On the Petition of Davis Hatch praying that he might 
have liberty to enter & prosecute an Appeal at the Superior 
Court &c 

Resolved that the prayer of said Petition be granted, and 
that the said Davis Hatch be & hereby is impowered to enter 
and prosecute his appeal in an action brought against him by 
one Thomas Gilpatrick, at the next Superior Court of Judi- 
cature &c to be held at Falmouth in the County of Cumber- 
land, for the Counties of Cumberland and Lincoln, and that 
the same proceedings be had on said Appeal as though the 
Appellant had regularly recognized. 
Sent down for concurrence 

Jn° Avery D y Sec y 

In the House of Representatives Oct. 13, 1778 
Read & Concurred 

John Pickering Spk r 



An Inventory of cloathing received from the Towns after 
mentioned in the County of Lincoln in Obedience to a 
Resolve pased the General Court June 17 th 1778 

10 Shirts at 48/; 25 pairs of Stockings at 28/; 
10 pairs of Shoes at 48/, £85 

Will" 1 Butler Benj Pette Jorden Parker 

Select Men of Georgetown 

23 Shirts at 50/; 23 pairs of Stockings at 36/, £98 18 
James Potter John Merrel 

Select Men of Topsham 

27 Shirts at 47/; 27 pairs of Stockings at 36/; 
27 pairs of Shoes at 48/, £176 17 

Tho" Jonston James I [uston 

Select Men of Bristol 



114 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

6 Shirts at 50/; 8 Pairs of Stockings at 36/; 10 
pairs of Shoes at 48/, £53 8 

Abr"' Whittemore Sam 1 Jamison Stephen Whitmore 
Select Men of Bodingham 

16 Shirts at 48/; 18 pairs of Stockings at 24/; 
3 pairs of Shoes at 30/, £64 10 

Will'" M c Cobb David Reed 

Select Men of Boothbay 

8 Shirts at 48/; 11 pairs of Stockings at 36/; 
12 pairs of Shoes at 42/, £64 4 

Daniel Fairfield Joseph Webber 

Select Men of Vasselbor 

4 Shirts at 48/, £9 12 

Arch d Robinson 

Select Man of Newcastel 

The Select-Men of Woolwich through mistake Neglected to 

make a Report till after the Time set : that they could not 

procure an Article 

Georgetown Oct r 15 th 1778. 

Dum r Sewall Ag* 



Letter from Dum. Sewall Esq. 

Sir, 

The Honorable Board have directed me to send the cloath- 
ing I have Collected for the Continental Army to the Board 
of War to be forwarded to the Southward. 

Agreable to s d direction have sent by Cap' Simeon Turner 
1 Hh marked S. N° 1 Containing Shirts 181 and pairs of 
Stockings 30. 
1 Hh markd S. N° 2 Containing pairs of Shoes 196. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 115 

1 Bl markd N° 3 Containing pairs of Stockings 100. 
Georgetown Oct r 19 th 1778 

With the greatest Regard Sir your Friend & most 

Obedient Servant 

Dum r Sewall. 



Petition of Stephen and William Crowen. 

To the Hon' ,e the Council & House of Representatives of 
the Massachusetts Bay in New England Humbly Shews — 
Stephen Gowen and William Gowen of Sanford in the 
County of York, That some Time in the year 1772 your 
Petitioners bargained with the late Brigadier Moulton for 
Fifty acres of Land, then Wild and uncultivated, lying in 
Sanford, and the same year the Land was run out, & the 
Boundarys thereof marked and ascertained by the Brigadier, 
and your Petitioners then and there in consequence thereof 
entered into and improved the same, to this Time and now 
actually live in a House built thereon by Your Petitioners. 
That at the Time of the agreement aforesaid there was an 
Account open between one or both of the Petitioners and the 
s d Brigadier, and a Ballance due to your memorialists, which 
Ballance was to be in part pay and the remainder was to be 
paid in Charcoal for his Iron Works The Fifty Acres of 
Land was to be of the price of Fifty Dollars, and the said 
Moulton afterwards in the year 1776 Settled an account 
with one of the Petitioners Viz Stephen, and gave him a 
Reciept Wrote and Subscribed by the said Moulton in the 
Following Words Viz* 

" Sanford 1776 — Recieved of Stephen Gowen two Pounds 
nine Shillings & eight pence, being the Ballance due him on 
the Ace 1 Sanford, which Sum is in part for Land I am to 
give hiiii a Deed of Jotham Moulton " 



116 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Yet it so happens that by the untimely Death of the 
Brigadier no Deed was ever executed by him — and your 
Petitioners being desirous of being quieted in the Possession 
of the said Lands and to have the benefit and advantage of 
their own Buildings and improvements and also to comply 
with the original agreement by paying to the Admin 18 of the 
s d Brigadier Moultons Estate as much in charcoal as it was 
then Valued at, and the Lawfull In 1 of the Ballance due for 
the same Humbly Request that the said Moultons Adminis- 
trators may be authorized and impowered to execute a Deed 
of Release & Confirmation of the said Fifty acres of Land 
Which your Petitioners are informed they cannot legally do 
without the aid of this Hon be Court and your Petitioners as 
in duty bound shall ever pray. 

Stephen Gowen for myself & William Gowen 
October 1778 

We the Subscribers have seen the Reciept recited in the 
Petition afores d and are fully Satisfyed that it is a genuine 
Reciept Wrote and Subscribed by the said Jotham Moulton 
Eq er and upon enquiry of Henry Hamilton, who negotiated 
much of M r Moultons Business at Sanford — are Satisfyed 
the agreement made between the s d M r Moulton & the s d 
Stephen and William Gowen is truly set forth in the Petition 
aforesaid — and the same appearing to Savour so much of 
Equity, We cannot make any objection against its being 
granted 

Sam Nasson Joanna Nasson Nicholas Sewall adm r of M r 
Moultons Estate 



In the year 1772 I was present at sanford when Brigadier 
Jotham Moulton agreed to Sell to Stephen Gowen & William 
Gowen Fifty acres of Land for Fifty Dollars, and I assisted 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 117 

in runing it out marking the Boundarys — the Lands lay in 
the North Western Corner of the Lot calld the Iron Works 
Lott, some where between Fifty & Sixty Rods Wide North 
West — the exact Number I cannot tell without measuring 
from the markes then made but it adjoins Lands M r Moulton 
Sold Water house on the South East. The pay was to be 
in Stock for the Iron Works deducting whatever should be 
due on a Settlement of their accounts, Which they then had 
open with M r Moulton The s d Gowen's then entred upon 
the Lands & have Built and improved thereon from that 
time to this and now live on the same Lott. 

Henry Hamilton 
Oc r 20 th 1778 

York Ss. Oc r 20 th 1778 Then Henry Hamilton aforesaid at 

the request of Stephen Gowen made oath to the Truth of 

the Declaration afores d by him Subscribed 

Before me 

David Sewall Ju 8 Peace 

Letter to Hon ble Benj a Greenleaf 

Council Chamber, Boston, Oct r 20 th 1778. 
Sir 

the Council thinking it necessary to furnish the Indians 

of the Penobscut Tribe with a Quantity of Powder &c 
they have directed me to request you to deliver to Cap 1 Jed- 
idiah Prebble 50 wt of Powder, 100 wt of goose Shot, and 100 wt 
of musket Ball which the s d Prebble is to deal out to the s d 
Tribe as lie Shall judge necessary, they paying the s d Prebble 
for the same, and he to be accountable to this Government 
therefor. If you cannot purchase the above articles you will 
honor them, promising to replace them from the State Mag- 
azine. You will lay your account before the Board of War 
for payment. In the name and Behalf of the Council 

Your hum'' 1 Serv 1 President 



118 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Boston 21 st Ocf 1778 
By Virtue of the within Precept to me directed I have 
taken the Bodies of the within named Nathan Jones & W" 1 
Tupper & hath them in Custody for the further order of your 
Honors 

To the Hon ble Council of Massa - Bay 

Cha 8 dishing Sheriff of Lincoln Comity. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Boston Octo r 22 d 1778 By Virtue of this Precept I have 
hrought the within named Nathan Jones Esq 1- & William 
Tupper before the Honorable Thomas Gushing & Benjamin 
White Esquires the Committee of the Hon ble Council of this 
State aforementioned 

Cha 8 Gushing Sheriff of the County of Lincoln 

Fees Acc tB of Expences 
14 days Travell & attendance at 30/ p r day 

To Expences at 45/ p r £21- 0-0 

To Expences at 45/ p r day 31-10-0 

To Ferriages 1-11-0 

To hire of Horse for journey 18- 0-0 

£12- 1-0 



In Council Oct 1 21, 1778 Ordered that Thomas Cushing 
& Benj. White Esq r be a Committee to consider the within 
Resolve of Court respecting Nathan Jones to hear the Par- 
ties & report what is necessary to be done thereon. 

Jn° Avery D y Secy 

The Committee Appointed for the purpose abovementioned 
have attended the Service, and report that they have Exam- 
ined M r Tupper the Sheriff, M r Nathan Jones & one W m 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 119 

Whitaker of Frenchman's Bay respecting the Reasons why 
the order of Court for delivering up the goods attached at 
the Suit of y e owners of Sloop Advance was not Comply ed 
with and 3 e Committee find that one pair of oxen & one Cow 
were attached by said Wm Tupper as the property of Ivory 
Hovey on y e 29 of Jany 1778 at y e suit of ye owners of Sloop 
Advance, that he waited Twenty one Hours in order for M r 
Hoveys atterney to give security for ye said Cattle but it 
was refused & neglected 

That on the second of February following he attached the 
same Cattle at y e Suit of Nathan Jones Esq. on which attach- 
ment he held y e said Cattell until the 20 of May last, that 
before this Debt to Jones was discharged said Hovey pro- 
duced & read the order Above referred to wherein said Tup- 
per & Jones were required to Deliver up the Cattell that 
were attached at y e Suit brought for y e recovery of y e Sloop 
Advance, that M r Tupper the officer Informed M r Hovey 
that he held the Cattell at the Suit of Nathan Jones Esq r for 
a Debt Due to him from said Hovey & that if he ye said 
Hovey would pay the Debt & y e Expence of keeping the 
Cattell he was ready to deliver them up, he refused to pay 
the Expence of Keeping the Cattell but acknowledged the 
Debt to Jones & some time after paid it of which he Informed 
M r Jones & the Cattell were delivered up to M r Hovey as 
appears by the Testimony of William Whittaker — all which 
is submitted 

Thomas Cushing g ord 

In Council Oct 1 24 : 1778 Read & Accepted & thereupon 
Ordered — That the Sheriff of the County of Lincoln be and 
hereby is directed Not to detain Nathan Jones & William 
Tupper D y Sheriff of Said County any longer & permit them 
to return to their Several Homes 

Jn° Avery D* Sec y 



120 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Deposition of William Whitteker 

I William Whitteker of Frenchmans Bay Declare that I 
Saw Malatiah Jordan & Samuel Milliken gooing to M r Nathan 
Jones for one Cow and two oxen that had been attached by 
william Tupper as the property of Doctor Ivery Hovey & the 
Day after I saw them Return with one ox one Cow & one 
Calf & they told him Said Jones was Not at home But that 
his Family Readily Delivered the same and would have 
Delivered the oather ox If he Could have been found 

William Whitteker 

Suffolk Ss. Oct. 23 1778 

W m Whitteker personally Appeared & made Solemn oath 
to the truth of the Above Declaration before 

Thomas Cushing Jus Peace 



Deposition of William Tupper. 

I William Tupper Testify & Declare that on the twenty 
Ninth Day of January Last past I Attached one pare of oxen 
and one Cow as the Property of Ivery Hovey at the Suite of 
Messer 8 Gardner & Underwood owners of the Sloop Advance 
and after haveing attached Said Cattel I waited 24 Hours in 
order for M r Hoveys Attorney to Give Security for the Said 
Cattle But the Same was Refused or Negletted. 

And on the Second Day of February following I attached 
the same Cattel at the Suite of Nathan Jones Esq r on Back 
Debt which the Said Hovey Owed to the Said Jones on 
which attachment I held the Same Cattel untill the twentyeth 
Day of May last past. But before this last mentioned Debt 
was Discharged by said Hovey he Read in my hearing an order 
of the Great and General Court wherein Said Jones or the 
Oncer was Required to Deliver up all goods &c that was 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 121 

attached in a Suite brought for the Recovery of the Sloop 
advance and at Same time M r Hovey Did Demand of me the 
afore Named two oxen & one Cow. I then Informed him 
that I held them Cattel at the Suite of Said Jones on his 
Back Accompt and that If he would pay that Debt & the 
Expence of Keeping the Cattel I was Ready to Deliver them. 
But he wholey Refused to pay any Expence But Acknowl- 
edged the Debt and Some time afterwards payd the Same to 
me being £15-1-2, on which I Carried the money to Said 
Jones and informed him that the Cattel were No longer Held 
at his Suite on which Said Jones Said he would let m r Hovey 
have the Cattel when Called for 

W"' Tupper 

Suffolk Ss. Oct. 23, 1778 

W m Tupper Personally appeared & made oath to the Truth 
of the Above Declaration before 

T Cushing Justice Peace 



Petition of Robert Struthers. 

To the Honorable, the Council of the State of the Massa- 
chusetts Bay, in Council at the Council Board, in Boston, 
Convened. 

The Petition of Robert Struthers, of Berwick in the County 
of York, within said state, Trader. 

Humbly Sheweth. That your Petitioner has Resided in 
the Town of Berwick aforesaid, in the Capacity of a Trader, 
for these several years past, and has ever endeavoured to 
demean himself as a good Citizen ; a Friend to the Liberties 
of these United States, and to the General satisfaction of tin; 
Community ; which he hopes will more fully appear to this 
Honorable Board by Certificate from under the Hands of the 
select Men of the said Town of Berwick. 



122 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

That your Petitioner is possessed of Considerable Interest 
in Great Britain, which is greatly depreciating by reason of 
his absence, he having intended to return to Europe, near 
about the time of the Commencement of the present unnatural 
War; and has hitherto been obstructed therefrom, by the 
continuance of the same. 

And that your Petitioner is desirous ( in order to secure 
his Interest aforesaid ") of taking a passage to England, by 
the way of Rhode Island or New York ; Could he be favoured 
with permission and the Necessary passports from this Hon- 
orable Board for that purpose. 

Your Petitioner therefore humbly prays that this Honorable 
Board ( in tender consideration of the premises ) would be 
graciously pleased to grant him liberty to proceed to Rhode 
Island or New York ( or by Land to Providence & Rhode 
Island in one of the first Cartels bound thither, from this or 
any of the Neighbouring states ; in order to procure a passage 
to Great Britain ; and furnish him with the Necessary pass- 
ports for that purpose, or that he may be otherwise relieved 
in the premises in such manner and form, as to this Honor- 
able Board in their great Wisdom may seem meet 

And Your Petitioner ( as in duty bound ) shall ever pray &c. 
Berwick 24 th October 1778 Robert Struthers 

In Council Oct. 27, 1778 Read & Ordered that the 
Prayer of this Petition be granted and that the Petitioner be 
and he hereby is permitted to proceed in one of the first 
Cartels bound to R d Island or New York from this, or any of 
the Neighbouring States in Order to procure a Passage to 
Great Britain. It appearing to this Board that the Said 
Petitioner during his Stay in this State has demeaned himself 
as a good Citizen 

Attest Jn° Avery D y Secy 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 123 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber Oct 1 27, 1778 
Ordered — That the Board of War be and they hereby are 
directed to deliver Cap 1 Jedediah Prebble for the Use of 
three Indian Chiefs from Penobscot, three Blanketts of 
coorse Broad Cloth (Blew) two Common Blankets for two 
Young Indians — three laced Hatts & two without Lace — 
three Meddles similar to those given the Indians when they 
returned from Albany, three Ruffled Linen Shirts & two 
plain Shirts, five p r Shoes & five p r of Steel or Bathmettel 
Buckles — Said Articles to be given as Presents to Said 
Indians. 

Attest Jn° Avery D? Sec* 



Letter from Lemuel Storrs 

Cumberland Oct r 27, 1778 
Dear Sir 

According to the direction of Solomon Southwick Esq D 
C g S I have Sent on to Boston forty Beef Cattle to be 
Deliv d to the Board of War on Account of Salt Provision 
Borrowed By Major (Jen 11 Sullivan for the use of the Troops 
at Providence Am also Desired to take a Recpt in Solomon 
Southwick Esqs name on the Delivery of the Cattle to the 
Board of War you will Deliver the Keep 1 to Cap 1 Eph'" 
Wells the Bearer of this who will Deliver the Recp 1 to me 
lor my Security for the Above Cattle As I Shall Deliver the 
Recp* to M r8 Southwick She will give his Recp* to me for 
the same I am your most humble Sert 

Lemuel Storrs, Receiv r L. Stock 
To the Presdent of the Board of War 



124 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber Oct 1 30, 1778 
Resolved, that it is the Opinion of this Board that all the 
Militia that did Duty at Machias on the Alarm in the Sum- 
mer season in the year 1777 are intitled to the same pay & 
rations and in the same way and manner, as those are who 
are particularly referred to in the Petition of Jonas Farns- 
worth, Benj ft Foster & others by the Resolves of the General 
Court passed the thirtieth of April 1778 and ought so to be 

understood 

Attest W Baker J r D? S* P T 



Order to the Board of War 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber Nov. 2 d 1778 

Ordered — That the Board of War be and they hereby 
are directed to deliver William Reed & his Company who 
marched to Machias on the Alarm in the Summer Season in 
the year 1777 agreeable to the Resolve of the General Court 
passed the thirtieth of April 1778 on the Petition of Jonas 
Farnsworth Benj a Foster & others three hundred and forty 
four Rations 

Attest Jn° Avery D? Sec y 



Jedidiah PrebbWs Receipt 

Received of the Town of Newbury Port this 4 th Nov r 1778 
( as Borrowed ) for the use of this State One hundred and 
Thirty pound Weight of Musket Ball and Fifty pound 
Weight of Gun Powder which is to be Returned to s d Town 
by said State 

Jedidiah Prebble Jr 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 125 

Order to the Board of War. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber Nov r 7 th 1778 
Ordered — That the Board of War be and they hereby are 
directed to supply Stephen Smith Commissary at Machias 
with Sixty W of Candles One hundred W l of Soap & One 
thousand W l of Powder and forward the same as soon as 
may be for the Use of the Truck House at Machias. 
Attest Jn° Avery D y Sec y 



York Nov r 9 th 1778 
S r 

I rec d a letter dated War Office Boston Oct r 17 th 1778 
wherein I am requested agreable to a Resolve of the General 
Court of the 14 th of Oct r ( to forward to Boston all & every 
article of Cloathing which I have purchas'd in pursuance of a 
Resolve of said General Court 17 th of June last,) I have rec d no 
Cloathing, as yet, agreable to s d resolve of s d 17 th of June I have 
no order to purchase any only to receive them of the Select 
Men &c, as to the resolve of the 14 th of Oct r I have not Seen 
it, as I came from Court the 9 th & do not know the Contents 
But have sent you the Cloathing I had by me which I rece d 
Agreable to a resolve of y e Court of y e 13 th of March last 
Supposing they must be meant, I have put them up Carefully 
in three Cask, N° 1, 50 Shirts & 55 p r Stockings, N° 2, 51 
Shirts & 53 p r Stockings, N° 3, 124 p r Shoes, in the whole 
101 Shirts, 108 p r Stockings & 124 p r Shoes you may depend 
upon their being well packed, and the Quantity in each Cask 
as Set Down please to send me a recept for what you receive, 
& you 1 Oblige your hum bl Serv* 

Joseph Simpson Agent for County of York 
To the President of y e Board of War. 



126 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter to Colo Mian. 

Council Chamber Nov. 9 th 1778 
Sir 

The Council have received your Letters of the 8 & 14 of 

October, They will lay them before the Assembly as soon as 
they meet, together With the Papers accompanying the Same, 
and recommend the Subject Matter to their Consideration, 
you mention that several Persons belonging to Cumberland 
have been Soliciting about gitting their Familys from thence 
& desire to have permission to Send a flag of Truce to fort 
Cumberland we suppose with a View to Negotiate this Mat- 
ter, the Board have no objection to your sending a flag to 
fort Cumberland for this Purpose provided you have reason 
to think the Persons who are solliciting to Come to this State 
friendly & attached to the Cause of America — As the Time 
for which the Troops at Machias were engaged will Expire 
the beginning of December next you are desired to prevail 
with such a Number to Continue in the Service untill further 
orders as you may judge Necessary for the Security & Pro- 
tection of the Artillery, ordinance Stores & other Property 
there belonging to [ the ] Public as it will be dangerous & 
Expensive to remove them this Season 

The Board of War will by the return of the Marisheet 
supply M r Smith the Commissary at Machias with the 
remainder of the articles they were directed by the Court 
some time since to furnish him with, & the Board have 
directed the Board of War to supply M r Smith the Com- 
missary with sixty pounds of Candles, 100 lb Soap, one thou- 
sand weight of Powder articles which were not Included in 
the former Estimate or order. 

Machias November 13 th 1778 
Sir, 

I wrote you the 2 d Ins* Since which I rec d an Answer 

frome Piere Tomma at S l Johns River, which Appears Deceit- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 127 

full & flateiing, it being not of much Consequence I shall 
not Trouble the Honble Board with it for the present 

I mentioned in my former Letters of Ordering Lieu 1 Guil- 
man from Penobscutt with Six or Eight Indians, to fall in 
About Medocktie ( 140 Miles from the Mouth of the River). 
Sent some more Lower Down the River, Spreading Intelli 
gence at other Parts. By this Menover Expected to Divert 
the Indians & others on the River, to prevent any Solid mat- 
ter being done by the Priest or M r Franklin. 

This matter Took the Desired Affect, and in the middle 
of their Persuit with the Indians, they received the Intelle- 
gence & in 24 Hours both of them Left the River, Promising 
to return Again soon. By this Time the Indians in the 
Lakes got on the Move, & having heard of the retreat of 
these Two Gentlemen with Other Affairs which Interven'd, 
they Took a Turn this way, where I am now overloaded with 
them on account of the Indigent Situation of this Place. 
Add to this the Indians at Penobscutt hearing of my orders 
to M r Oilman they in a Manner all Turned out, — he dis- 
puted this measure. But upon the whole Sixteen Insisted 
on Going, they have Executed the bussiness very well & 
returned here the other day. But their demands & Claimour 
are Intolerable, & the Necessity I am under to procure mat- 
ters at a most Exorbitant price makes it very Expensive. 
Those Indians which have Taken the Oath of Allegiance on 
the river St Johns, I have nither heard from or Seen any 
But Pier Tomma 

A Small Tender from the Albany is Continually Cruzing 
about Passamequody & Intercepting every thing going for 
the States. Ambroise had his Canoe taken away the other 
Day, with a Number of things, among the rest some 
Expresses & Belts of Wampum, I was sending to S l Johns 
& the Micmacs. 

A few Days ago I rec d a Letter from Colo Lowder, respect- 



128 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ing Difficultys among the Indians about sending to Boston, 
Instiegated by some English Persons. I am not much Sur- 
prized at these Affairs, as the Profits Arrising from the Trade 
of the Indians will Occation Perpetual Quarrells & Jars, till 
such time as Government fixes it upon so Parmenant a fut- 
ing as to hold the whole Trade. I find from the Indians 
present, and the word sent by the others at Penobscutt that 
they Had Chosen Old Orano & French Mitchel to go to 
Court, Both (the former in perticular) very Suitable. 

I sent word when the Marisheete was going up, that as 
they desired and were Determined to pay a Complement 
themselves to Government, it woud be Suitable then, as Oth- 
ers were going upon the same bussiness, Preperations were 
making, which woud prevent many Unecessary Expenses 
otherwise & Ordered the Marisheete to Call Accordingly 
But Cap 1 Preble I presume hearing of some being gone before 
proceeded without Calling. 

I am very well Convinced that some Scheems are Laying 
by Different Partys. I recommend to Court with Humble 
Submission to be very Cautious, there is some Indeans gone, 
who are marked out by Every Tribe to be Warmly attached 
to Britain, & have made a Point for many Years to Create 
Divisions, so that there is not one Tribe in my District will 
admit them in Council Lewis Neptune is Principle man 
who was formerly of Passamequody & is not allowed at 
Penobscutt. By some Craft a few Weeks ago he Took from 
Francis Joseph ( son to the Late Chief of Passamequody ) the 
Family Meddle, which I presume among Strangers he Calls 
his However Let him do what he will, it will not be recti- 
fy'd by the Other Indians 

The Intricate Situation of Penobscutt is such that I am 
Discouraged about it I shall be up soon & Communicate 
the State of that Place a Little more to fullfill my Promise 
to the Indians, — when I will be glad to git Clear of it — as 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 129 

there seems to be a Determination among all in Generall to 

frustrate any good Intentions of Government 

I have the Honour to be with Profound respect Sir 

Your most Obd very hbl ser* 

J Allan 
The Honble Jeremiah Powell Esq r 



Order to the Board of War. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber Nov. 14 th 1778 
Ordered — That the Board of War be and they hereby are 
directed to deliver Cap' John Prebble Interpreter & Assistant 
to Col John Allan at Machias snuff Coulourd Broad Cloth 
sufficient for a suit of cloaths and Trimmings for the same 
twelve Yds of Linnen, three Quarters of a yard of Cambrick, 
One p r of Shoes & three p r of Stockings at the Price allowed 
the Continental Officers — taking Said Prebbles Obligation 
to Acco 1 for the same whenever the General Court shall call 
upon him for Payment. 

Attest Jn° Avery D? Sec y 

Letter to Stephen Smith. 

War Office 14 th Nov. 1778 
Sr Inclosed you have Invoice & Bill Lading of sundrys g 
Capt Richard Martin in the Sloop Sally which we wish safe 
to your hands These with what we have sent you g Capt 
Kea in the Schooner Marisheet compleat the order of Court 
for supplies in your department the receipt of which we wish 
you to Certify as soon as may be 

Your Draft on the Board for the payment of the Freight 
as g Bill of Lading .shall be duly honored. We are &c 

T B Pres 1 P T 

10 



130 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

War Office 16 th Nov: 1778 

S r Inclosed you have invoice & Bill Lading sundries p 

Capt William Rea in the Schooner Marrisheet agreeable to 

order of Court which we wish safe to Your hands. You will 

please to Certify to us as soon as may be the receipt of these 

Articles in the Application of which as also what we may 

send in the Sloop Sally you will doubtless follow such Orders 

as you may receive from the Commanding Officer in this 

Department. We are &c 

T Browne Pres P T 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber Nov. 20, 1778 
Whereas the Schooner called the Merisheet William Ray 
Commander is now on a voyage from Boston for Machias 
with a Cargo of Provisions for the Troops there Therefore 
Ordered that all Commanders of Armed Vessels and others 
belonging to this State are hereby Commanded & it is hereby 
recommended to all Commanders of Armed Vessels belong- 
ing to any other of the United States to suffer Said Vessel to 
pass & repass without Molestation or hindrance. 

Attest Jn° Avery D y Sec y 



Order to the Board of War. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber Nov r 20, 1778 
Ordered that the Board of War be and they hereby are 
directed to deliver Cap* John Prebble for the use of two 
chiefs of the S 1 John's Tribe two common Blankets & charge 
the same to the Acct. of the State 

Attest Jn° Avery D y Sec y 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 131 

Letter from John Traeey to the Hon ble Jeremiah Poivell. 

Newbury Port Nov 22 a 1778 
Hon d Sir 

Have this Moment reed a Letter from Pownalborough, 
informing me that their is a Schooner mount g ten Guns from 
Halifax, called the true Blue, cruizing off the Mouth of 
Sheepscutt River, by two Deserters from her we learn that 
She is Endeavouring to cut out of that Harbour, two Ships 
loading with Masts & Spars one of the Ships belonging to 
M r James Swan, the other to myself they are waiting for 
my Ship to be loaded they then Intend to go in and take 
possession of them, the Deserters also assert that the Gage 
& How Sloops are on the Eastern Coast — You will Excuse 
me Sir for taking this Liberty The Interest of my Country, 
my own interest with the great Advantage the Enemy would 
receive from the Masts & Spars, which from the late Gales 
Wind they must be greatly distressed for, the Uneasiness of 
the Inhabitants who wish & pray that the State may send an 
armed Vessill for their Relief, must be my Apology 

Am sir with due Respect Your most obedient Servant 

John Traeey 

Petition of John Preble. 

State of Massachusetts Bay. 

To the Hon. Council of s d State. 

The Petition of John Preble in behalf of Col Jn° Allan 
I luinbly Shews, 

That s d Col" Allan has fitted for Sea the Schooner Mari- 
sheet burthened about fifty Tons, mounting Six Carriage 
Guns & Navigated by 15 Men — having on board Provisions 
15 b' H Beef & 2000 W l of Bread — As amunitioD 18 b 18 pow- 
der & shot in proportion — officers onb d are W 1 " Ray Cap 1 — 



132 DOCUMENTAKY HISTOltY 

Jn° Fulton 1 L* s d Vessel is intended to Cruize against the 
Enemies of these United States 

Y r Petitioner therefore prays y r Honors to Commission s d 
Ray as Commander of s d Vessel for the purposes afores d & as 
in duty bound will ever pray. 

John Preble 

In Council Nov r 23 d 1778 Read & Ordered that a Com- 
mission be issued out to William Ray as Commander of the 
above mentioned Vessel — he complying with the Resolves 

of Congress. 

Jn° Avery D y Sec y 



Petition of John Tracy $ James Swan. 

To the Hon 1 The Council of the State of Massachusetts Bay. 

The Petition of John Tracy & James Swan. Humbly 
Shews 

That your petitioners have two Ships in pownal bo rough, 
on Sheepscut River, loaded with large Masts & other Lum- 
ber the produce of this State, & are now ready to proceed to 
Sea. But your petitioners cautious not only of their own 
Interest, but also of supplying the Enemies of America with 
Cargoes of this sort, which they want to a great degree to 
Mast their Ships at Newport, now laying as Hulks ; and 
having certain information, that the True blue Schooner, 
& the How & Gage, Sloops, all arm'd & in the Service & 
employment of Great Britain, are actually Anchor'd in & 
laying of the Mouth of the River in order to Capture those 
Ships & Cargoes. And considering that such Captures must 
greatly assist our Enemies & enable them to fite out several 
Capital Ships more than they now have to Cruize against 
America & her Allies, the French ; and that these three 
mention'd Vessels, by laying where they now do, cutts off the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 133 

Supply of Wood from Kermebeck, Sheepscut & Damascota, & 
much impedes that which comes farther East, thereby greatly 
distressing the people of the Seaports. Your petitioners begs 
leave to lay these Considerations & facts before the Honor- 
able Board, & to pray 

That they wou'd be pleas'd to order a Vessel of War to 
Cruize off Sheepscut to rid the Coast of such small Vessels ; 
which will much facilitate the Eastern Commerce of this 
State, & greatly relieve the people there, & in the Sea port 
Towns, and as in duty bound shall ever Pray 

John Tracy Jam. Swan 
Boston 26 Nov. 1778. 



Letter to the Hon ble Council of the State of Massachusets Bay. 

Navy Board Eastern department 
Boston 28 th November 1778 

Gentlemen We received from the Hon ble Council Board, 
Copy of Mess" Tracy & Swans petition, with Extract of a 
Letter from Col John Allan, dated Machias Nov r 2 d which 
petition & Letter, Set forth that the Eastern ports are 
Annoyed & Infested with Several Armed Vessells & Cruisers 
of our Enemies; that greatly Impede the Trade of these 
Northern States. 

This Board taken the Matter under Mature Consideration, 
think it their duty to give all the Assistance in their power, 
for the protection of Trade & destroying our Enemys Ships : 
for which good purpose they will order the Continental Ship 
I Van Samuel Nicholson Esq r Commander, ( being the only 
Ship they have in readiness ) to join such armed Vessells as 
the Hon ble Board may please to order on this Service. 

We have the honor to be with all respect Your Most Obed 1 

liuii] ,,le Serv u 

W" 1 Vernon for the Board 



134 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber 
On Motion Ordered — That Thomas Gushing Esq. be a 
Committee to draught a Letter the Honble the Congress 
upon the Subject Matter of the Acc ls of Supplies to Col 
John Allan at Machias & report 

A true Extract from the Memorial of Council. 
Attest John Avery D y Sec y 

State of Ordenance Sf /Stores at Machias in the State of Mas- 
sachusetts Bay, Dec. 1 st 1778. 

At the Battery ; Cannon 2 — |— 1 = 3. 

In Magazeen ; Cartriges filled 77 ; Porte Fires 14, Tube 
Boxes 3; Tubes 4 Pd r8 200; Match rope 15; Musquet 
Cartriges 3924 ; Musquet Balls 136 ; Powder 150. 

In Laboratory ; Spunges & Ramers 4 -4- 2 = 6 ; Ladles 
4 + 2=6; Worms 4 + 2 = 6; Round Shot 42 + 44 = 
86 ; Dbl headed shot 50 ; Cannister Shot 50 + 25 = 75 ; 
Empty Flannel Cattriges for 4 Pd rB 94 ; Cartridge Pouches 
3 ; Drag ropes P 8 2 ; Priming Horns 1 ; Priming Wires 2 ; 
Bitts 5 ; Hammers 2 ; Porte Fire Stacks 3 ; Sheep Skins 1 ; 
Leaden Aprons 1 ; Cartrige paper - Quires 24 x / 2 ; Small Arms 
35 + 21 + 2 ; Bayonetts 29 ; Cartrige Boxes 34 ; Musquet 
Cartriges 580 ; Flints 360 ; Drms, good 2, without Heads 2 ; 
fifes 1. 

In Armorers Shop ; Small Arms 2 ; Bayonetts 29. 

Command g Officers Quarters : Small Arms 4 ; Bayonetts 
2 ; Cartrige Boxes 4 ; Musquet Cartriges 40. 

In Possession of the Troops : Small Arms 15 ; Bayonetts 
14; Cartrige Boxes 17; Musquet Cartriges 224; Flints 32; 
Drms, good 1. 

A Number of Empty Paper Cartridges & Wads for 9, 4, 2 
Pdrs. Swivels & Cawhorns. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 135 

A True & Authentic Return, Inspected Agreeable to orders 
of the Commanding Officer 

By G° Stillman Major, Ja s Avery, Lieu 1 , Robert Foster 
Qu r Mas* 



D r The United States of America in Ace* with John Allan C r 

1778 Jan ry 1 st To Ballance due on Ace 4 rendered to this 
day £622- 7-11 % 

Dec 1 1 st To Am of contingent for public 
Service 609-11- 9 

To Am of contingent Ace* in carryirjg on the 
Business of Agency with the Eastern Indians 1003-19- 2 l / 2 

To Am of Arm'd Schooner Marisheets Ace 1 1272- 8- 1 

To Am of Sundries ree'd from Truck 
House at Machias for the Payment of Indians 
in Service &c Viz* 

Am of Ace 1 of Contingencies 1768- 0- 1 

Am of Ace 1 of Bounties 626-11- 6 

Am of Ace 1 of Paym ts for Services 244- 3- 6 

Am of Ace 1 for Schooner Marishett 30- 1- 6 

2668-16- 7 

To Am of Ace 1 against the Penobscot Tribe 
for sundry Expences for them 804-14-11^ 

£6981-18- Q% 

May 1 st By Cash received from the Treas- 
urer of the State of Mass 18 Bay 4,000 Dollars 
including £622-7-11 ;4 being the Ballance 
due £1200 

June My Cash advanced L* Delesdernier to 
pay the Expence of the two Indians at Boston 75 

By Sundries ree'd from Truck House at 
Machias for Indians amounting to 2668-16- 7 



136 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

By Am of Ace 1 of Sundries from D° for 
paym 1 of Troops at the Price charged to them 172-17- 7 

By a Deduction on Indian contingent Acc ts 
being charged in the Penobscot Tribes Ace 1 18-16 

By a Deduction on Truck House contingent 
Ace 4 for D° D° 40- 4-4^ 

By Ballance carried to New Ace 1 2586- 6- 5% 

£6981-18- 6/ 2 
Machias December l 8t 1778 Errors Excepted 

J Allan Con 1 Ag l of I. E. D. 
True Copy Attest John Avery D Sec y 

At a legal Town meeting holden in Sanford Dece lj 1, 1778. 
Voted that Joseph Simpson Esq 1 David Sewell Esq r Jointly 
& Severally be and hereby are appointed agents for the Town 
of Sanford to use their Endeavour to procure a Repeal of the 
act Incorporating Coxhall into a Township, so far as it inter- 
feres with the Town of Sanford by Representing the matter 
to the General Court in such way & manner as to them or 
either of them shall appear most Eligeable for obtaining the 
Same 

A True Coppy. 

Joel Moulton Town Clerk for Sanford 

Deposition of Simeon Woodward. 

Simeon Woodward of lawfull age To give Evidence — 
Deposeth and Saith Some time in the month of September 
one thousand Seven hundred and Seventy Seven, he fell in 
Company with one Abial Wood of Pownalborough at M r 
Sweets tavern in Greenland In the State of New Hampshire 
after some Conversation with Said wood I Began to suspect 
him being one that was Enemical to the States of Amarica 
and willing to Know more of his mind and Disposition I gave 
him to understand that I was weary of Amarica & wished 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 137 

that I could geet into the Kings Government he asked me 
if I had a mind to go into Novascotia and if I should like to 
be in the Kings Service. I further gave him to understand 
that if I could Geet into Novascotia I Should like to goo to 
England he told me I might Geet there Very Easy. I told 
him I did not Know the way. he the Said Wood told me if 
1 would Come to his house at Witch Casset Point he would 
soon Geet me there for he Said he Expected the Rainbo will 
be in Townsend and if not you may goo to Machias and Soon 
Geet to NovaScotia from there. I asked him if he thought I 
Should not bee taken up. Taken up Said he No. there is 
nobody to take you up but I beleve the Rainbo will be in 
before I Return and then there will be no dificulty if you 
Come to my House for I will Geet you on Board for I am 
Acquainted with the Captain of her for I was on Board her 
when She was in before — I gave him to Understand that I 
would Come to his house I further asked him if he had 
Seen any Books that had been Published by the British Gov- 
ernment, he told me he had Several one in pertickeler that 
he Veryly thought to be published by Lord North him self 
for it Cut up all the Books that had been put out Since the 
War began, he Said it Sett forth everything that England 
had laid out for Amarica and what an Expence Amarica had 
been to them, he further told me if it was Known he had 
Such Books it would be looked on as Treason against Amar- 
ica he would have proceeded further but Company Coming 
in turned the Conversation and further Saith not 

Simeon Woodward 
Lincoln 88, Machias Dec. 2, 1778. 

Then personally appeared the above named Simeon Wood- 
ward and made solemn Oath to the truth of the above depo- 
sition by liim subscribed 

Before me 

Benj a Foster Justis pss 



138 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter to the Navy Board. 

Council Chamber 7 Dec r 1778 
Gentlemen 

It having been represented to the Council that several 
British Armed Vessells are now cruising off Sheepscutt in 
order to Capture two Ships loading with Mast in Said River 
& that the said British armed Vessells the last week took a 
Brigantine loadened with Lumber out of Thomas Town and 
are otherways distressing the Trade in the Eastern parts of 
this State & it having been also represented to this Board 
that Cap 1 Olney is willing to Enter on board the Warren 
Frigate with One hundred & fifty Men which with what 
Men She already has will Sufficiently Man her & that She 
may be ready to proceed to Sea by tomorrow or Next Day, 
The Council therefore earnestly recommend to the Navy 
Board to Issue their Order to Cap 1 Hopkins in the Warren 
Frigate to proceed to Sea with the Dean & the Hazard in 
order to Clear the Coast of these Cruisers & if possible to 
Seize & Capture y e same, so that the Trade may be no longer 
Molested & the Mast Ships before Mentioned may be pre- 
served from falling into the hands of the Enemy, which at 
this Juncture it is of the last Importance to prevent. 



Letter from Gol. Allan. 

Mechias Decemb 1 12 th 1778 
Sir 

Being obligd to send Express Westward on Account of 

the Enemy Cruscers Along Shore, Gives me an Oppertunity 

of Acquainting the Hono ble Board that a Quantity of the Sup- 

plys Ordered by the Gene 1 Court Arrived here About three 

Weeks ago 






OF THE STATE OP MAHSTE 139 

Since which we have had a Frigate of thirty Six Guns 
Blocking up the Mouth of this Hearbour; & Several Small 
Cruzsers Westward to Intercept any Supply s or Assistance 
Coming this way I presume they Are More forward in this 
Affair, As they Must heave heard of the Disbanding the 
Troops And the situation of this Place 

I have Applyd to Collo. Foster for a few Militia, As I 
have but About Twenty Men that Continued 

I have wrote Cercular Letters to the Different Districts 
recommending to have the Militia in readiness, as it is very 
Probable they will Attempt some Desparate Matter by their 
Beheavour 

I shall take every Precaution & Care to secure every part 
this way, And Trust Under Providence we will prevent their 
Diabolical Intentions 

As to the Merisheete I am much affraid of her, have Sent 
for that purpose By this Oppertunity to Order her how to 
Proceed, if Safe, tho I woud Not Insure her 

I have the Honour to Be very Respectfully Sir Your most 

Obd very hble serv 1 

J Allan 
To the Hono bl ° Jerem h Powell. 

Application of Joseph Noyes. 

To the Honorable Council of the State of Massachusetts 

Bay — 

Joseph Noyes of Falmouth in the County of Cumberland 
commissary to the sea coast men stationed at said Falmouth 
& Cape Elisabeth pray your Honours to give him a warrant 
on the Treasurer of this State for the sum of Twelve Hun- 
dred Pound 8 to enable him to supply said men with Provis- 
ions and Necessaries and as in Duty bound shall ever Pray 

Joseph Noyes 



140 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Boston Decemb r 15 th 1778 

In Council Dec. 23 d 1778 Read & Ordered that a war- 
rant be drawn on the Treasury for £1200 in favo r of Jos. 
Noyes Esq r for the Purpose mentioned in this application he 
to be acc ble for the Expenditure of the same 

Jn° Avery D y Sec y 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber Dec 23 d 1778 
Whereas the Time for which the Guards Stationed at Fal- 
mouth and Cape Elizabeth in this State expires the 1 st Day 
of Jan y next and it being necessary that the Stores at the 
Said Forts should be secured — Therefore Ordered that 
Peter Noyes Esq. Commanding officer of the s d Reg 1 in the 
County of Cumberland be and hereby is directed to procure 
one Serjeant, one Corporal & Eight Privates for the Purpose 
of securing the Stores at the Fort in Falmouth as also One 
Serjeant, one Corporal & Eight Privates for the Security of 
the Stores at Cape Elizabeth — Said Men to Continue in 
Service till further Order of the General Court. 

Attest Jn° Avery D y Sec y 

State of Massachusetts Bay 
To the Hon ble the Council and the Hon Me House of Repre- 
sentatives in General Court assembled 
The Subscribers Freeholders & Inhabitants of a Town newly 
Erected By the name of Cox Hall Cited to appear & shew 
Cause why the Prayer of the Petition of a number of the 
Inhabitants of Sanford Should not be Granted, Humbly 
shew, 

That the Petition from Sanford appears to your Honours 
humble Petitioners very extraordinary and to be built upon 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 141 

very groundless assertions — they are pleased to say in s d 
Petition that they were " not notified of the Incorporation of 
Cox Hall till after it was Effected" and that they "are 
apprehensive it was done Either thro' some misinformation 
or the General Court's not having proper Knowledge of its 
taking a Slice from Sanford." To which your humble Peti- 
tioners would Reply that tho' the People of Sanford were 
not formally & legally notified of our Request to the General 
Court to be Erected into a Town in the form we now are, 
yet they would not be ignorant of it as our Petition lay 
before the General Court four or five Years before it was 
granted and a Gentleman now one of the Selectmen of San- 
ford & that signed the Petition against said Incorporation 
was one of the Petitioners for the Incorporation. If it was of 
Importance that the General Court should have Known that 
Cox Hall as Petitioned for & Granted, took in a part of San- 
ford we are humbly of Opinion that it lay with those who 
tho't themselves injured by it to have given the General 
Court that Notice and have made their Objections against it, 
and also that they had Sufficient Opportunity for doing it, 
and it appears to your humble Petitioners very unfair & 
ungenerous in them now to make a plea of their not being 
notified of said Incorporation to procure the Suspension of 
it: as we had been at considerable Expence in Calling meet- 
ings, laying out high ways & other things which are neces- 
sary under new Incorporations and Since the said Suspension 
have no legal way to Raise money to defray these Charges. 
Your humble Petitioners would Suggest to your Honours 
the Reasons why the annexing the Slice of Land (now in 
dispute) to Sanford would be inconvenient & ineligible, the 
principal of which are that there is a Rod}' of waste Land 
lying between the Inhabitants of the Two Towns four or five 
miles wide which will net admit of Settlements it being a 
Barren Pitchpine Plain including a large Spruce swamp 



142 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

which at certain Seasons is impassable by Reason of a flow 
of Water — Likewise that Two Rivers & in some Places 
Three run thro' said Land, on which accounts it would be 
very Inconvenient for the Inhabitants on the disputed Land 
to be included in the Town of Sanford, as they could never 
Expect jointly any Privileges civil or Religious — The 
Line Between the Two Towns as last Settled By the General 
Court in the act for Incorporating Cox Hall runs thro' said 
Plains and thereby Remedies the above Evils and Difficulties 
which would unavoidably attend the Inhabitants of the dis- 
putable Land being connected with Sanford as the most of 
them Live four or five miles from the Settlements in said 
Town. 

It may likewise be of importance to your Honours to be 
informed that the Proprietors of Cox Hall include in their 
Claim, the whole of the Slice of Land now in Dispute, the 
annexing of which to Sanford leaves the Remainder too 
Small for a Town, whereas when annexed to Cox Hall, San- 
ford still contains many thousands of acres of Land more than 
Cox Hall with double the number of Inhabitants, and as the 
most of the Inhabitants of Cox Hall now live on the Disputed 
Land their being annexed to Sanford would not only be 
vastly inconvenient for them but also Leave the remaining 
Inhabitants under Peculiar disadvantages. 
Your honours most humble Petitioners would in Conclusion 
observe that it appears very Extraordinary to them that the 
People of Sanford should Object to the Incorporation of Cox 
Hall when they themselves have been so sensible of the 
Inconvenience of our being connected with them as a Town 
on account of our lying so Remote from them, that they 
have Ever Caused the money Voted by the Town to be Col- 
lected & Expended as Seperate from Each other as any two 
Towns in the State. 

We therefore for the Reasons above mentioned pray your 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



143 



Honours that the Petition of the Selectmen & Inhabitants of 
Sanford may be dismissed & the Incorporation of the Town 
of Cox Hall be no Longer suspended and 3 r our humble Peti- 
tioners as in Duty Bound shall Ever pray &c 
Dec r 31, 1778 

Settlers on the 2^ miles of disputable Land 
Nathel Conant Elisha Smith W m Burke 

Humphery W hitters Elisha Smith Junr Job Cresey 
Marthew Lassell Elisha Littlefield Thomas Low 



Samuel Cluff 

John Emons 
Aaron Drown 



his 



his 

Gidon X Stone 

mark 

Ezekel webber 
W m Parsons 



Samuel X Emons 

mark 

Benj a Trippe 

James Barker 
Benjamin Stephens John Goodridge John White 
Calab kimbal charles Wite Paul Giles 

Heber kimbal Samuel Friend 

Stephen Stinson Samuel Dorman 
James Barker Solomon Packer 
Robert Swain son 



Moses Sweat 
John Kilbirn 
Thomas Kimball 



Settlers on the east of the land of Coxhall out of the Incor- 
poration of Sanford 

Joshua Kicker Phinis Packer Love Hobarts 

his 

Lewis Martin Samuel X Martain James Sands 



Richard yeaton 

John (Mark 

Paul Chadbourn 

Jonathan Goodwin Silas Grant 

John Low Alexander Grant 



Phinis Rieker 

his 

Samuel X Martain 

mark 
his 

Francis X Varney 

mark 

John Clarkson 
Simeon Chadbourn 



Reuben Downs 

Paul Weston 
Ezra Kluent 
Nehmiah G ray 
Jeremiah Roberts 



State of the Massachusetts Bay. 

To the honorable Council and to the honorable house of 
Representatives in the general court assembled the — 



144 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

The Petition of Roger Huniwell of the Town of Scarborough 
in the county of Cumberland labourer — 
Humbly sheweth, That your Petitioner has been indulged 
with a pention for the loss of an arm at the reduction of 
Lousburge in the year 1745 which the last year was nine 
pounds and whereas nine pounds will not Purchase more of 
the nesseceries of Life than thirty shillings would in 1770 
your Petitioner therefore Prays that your Honors would con- 
sider him on that account and give such a sum as your Hon- 
ors in your great wisdom shall see meet and your Petitioner 
as in Duty bound shall Ever Pray 

Roger Hunewell 



To the Honourable the General Court of the State of 
Massachusetts Bay 

The Town of Falmouth, Casco Bay, beg leave in Petition 
to represent Their Distressed situation & Circumstances. 

By y e destruction of y e Town of Falmouth in y e year 1775, 
by a cruel Enemy, numbers of families were immediately 
reduced to want & wretchedness. But it became us not to 
be cast down : but to support under our misfortune with 
firmness & to prosecute a just & a necessary war with vigor. 
This we have endeavoured, as far as in us lay, to do. We 
have exerted ourselves to furnish not only our just propor- 
tion, but as many men as possible for y e publick service. In 
this we have been successful. We have been able to supply 
not only our full Complement of men ; but also a consider- 
able number to serve as Soldiers for other towns in this 
State. In addition to y e above y e town of Falmouth fur- 
nished y e last Spring fifty men to serve as volunteers in y e 
american Army. By these exertions we endeavored to ren- 
der service to y e american Cause : But altho' we may have 
been successful in that: yet we have bro't upon our selves a 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 145 

great expence, an expence, which in our present state we are 
by no means able to bear. By y e numbers of men we have 
supplied to serve in y e american army we have greatly 
increased y e number of Soldiers familys among us. From y e 
same cause a number of persons have been widowed among us. 
All these are to be added to y e number of our numerous poor 
to be supported by a town already reduced, as to be scarcely 
able to support itself. The number of our poor are contin- 
ually growing upon us, by reason that our trade & business 
is ruined & cannot at present be revived Our Expences are 
continually increasing & y e ability of y e town to defray them 
as constantly decreasing. Our houses have been burnt by y e 
Enemy, & our Navigations, which use to employ & support 
a number of persons, taken from us ; our Estates destroyed : 
our Trade & Business ruined : & we as a town reduced to 
Indigence. In these circumstances we have exerted our 
selves to relieve y e necessities of y e Indigent & to alleviate 
their sufferings : But even in this we have met with great 
disappointment 

We dispatched a Vessel to y e southern States for Bread : 
But by reason of y e Embargo, could not obtain one Barrel of 
flour, or one bushel of Corn. She returned empty. The 
year past our Crops in y e Country were cut short by y e 
drought: & there is not even Now bread Corn for y e 
Inhabitants among us. Many families among us have not 
had a piece of bread in their houses for weeks past : And 
how to supply them we know not. 

Your Petitioners do not mean to exaggerate matters : 
neither do they wish to exempt themselves from shareing in 
every difficulty for the salvation of their Country : But y e 
erics of y e poor, many of whom once lived comfortably & 
sonic of them even in al'lluence very sensibly affect them; & 
oblige them, in behalf of s d poor, to apply to the Honourable 
( 'ourl for their relief. 

11 



146 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Your Petitioners therefore pray the Honourable Court 

would take their peculiarly distressing Circumstances into 

your wise Consideration & grant such Relief, as in your great 

Wisdom & Goodness shall seem meet. 

Nat Green Moody Town Clerk 

p r Order of the Town of Falmouth 
Falmouth Dec r 31, 1778. 

To the Hon ble The Council & The Hon ble House of Repre- 
sentatives for the State of Massachusetts Bay in General 
Court Assembled 

May it Please your Honors The Petition of Nathaniel 
Thwing of Woolwich in the County of Lincoln, Esq 1 in 
behalf of said State Humbly Sheweth 

That your Petitioner having been appointed ( by the Hon ble 
Jonathan Bowman Esq r Judge of Probate of Wills &c for 
the County of Lincoln ) Agent to the Estate of Charles Cal- 
lahan late of Pownalboro', in the County aforesaid an Absen- 
tee & your Petitioner having received from Rebecca Callahan, 
Wife of the said Charles, Resolve of this Hon ble Court of the 
29 th of April A.D. 1778, directing your Petitioner to pay 
the said Rebecca Callahan the sum of two hundred Pounds 
out of the Personal Estate of the said Charles, then in the 
hands of your Petitioner for the purpose of enabling the said 
Rebecca to transport herself & her aged Father & Family to 
Halifax to her husband : & as your Petitioner had not money 
enough in his hands to enable him to pay the said sum of 
Two hund d Pounds as your Petitioner did not sell the whole 
of the Personal Estate that was appraiz'd By reason that a 
considerable part of it to the amount of Ninety five Pounds 
two shillings according to the Appraizment being under lease 
with the Farm for the space of three years by the said Charles 
before his departure. Your Petitioner has paid the said 
Rebecca the sum of Seventy pounds only in part of the above 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 147 

order, and as the s (l Rebecca had embezled a considerable 
part of the Personal estate above mentioned before your Peti- 
tioner was appointed Agent as aforesaid, and since the 
departure of the said Charles & not-withstanding her having 
obtained leave from this Hon ble Court to depart this State 
yet she has fled in a secret Manner from the Justice of this 
State. 

Your Petitioner therefore humbly prays that the Order 
which he has rec'd to pay the said Rebecca the sum of Two 
hundred pounds as aforesaid may be countermanded so far 
as to what is unpaid & that your Petitioner may be allowed 
his Expences of Prefering this Petition & that the remainder 
after all Debts & charges are paid may go into the Treasury 
of this State. 

Your Petitioner also humbly prays that he may be heard 

in the Premisses as he has no doubt but he can offer such 

reasons to this Hon Me Court, as shall induce your Honors to 

grant the Prayer hereof ( so far at least ) as relates to the 

order above mention'd & your Petitioner as in duty bound 

shall ever Pray. 

Nath 1 Thwing 

1778. An Acco* of the Estate both Real and Personal 
lately belonging to Charles Callahan late of Pownalborough, 
an Absentee — Viz 1 : 

200 Acres of Land with two dwelling houses, 
Barn &c, standing on the same £800-0- 

Personal Estate appraizd at 221-4-8 

£1021-4-8 
Debts already exhibited against s' 1 Estate Viz' 
Samuel Goodwin Jun r — paid— £13-13-10^ 

Jon* Norcross 48-11-4 

Moses Hodgkins 1-16-0 

£64-1-2^ 
Sundry other Acco 1 " not yet exhibited. 

Nath 1 Thwing Agent to the above Estate. 



148 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Original Grantees of the Township of Machias 



Jon a Longfellow 
Stephen Jones 
Isaiah Foster 
W ni Curtis 
Jones Dyer 
David Libbee 
Barth w Bryant 
Ezek 1 Foster 
Dan 1 Hill 
Benj a Foster J r 
James D ilia way 
George Scott 
Sam 1 Scott 
Joseph Sevey 
Wooden Foster 
Arth 1 ' Dillaway 
Aaron Hanscom 
Sam 1 Libbee 
George Sevey 
Isaac Larrabee 



Joseph Libbee 
Morris Obrien 
Jeremiah Obrien 
Gideon Obrien 
Nathan Longfellow 
Enoch Sanborn 
Sam 1 Kinney 
Eph m Andrews 
Joseph Holmes 
Sam 1 Rich 
Joseph Munson 
Josiah Libbee 
Sam 1 Holmes 
Jon a Carlton 
Stephen parker 
Jon a Woodruff 
Daniel Stone 
Abiel Sprague J r 
Abiel Sprague 
Widow Sarah Libbee 



the Heirs of Benj a Foster dec d 
Solomon Stone Silvanus Scott 
Amos Boynton Jacob Libbee 



Sol° Messerve 
John Underwood 
Eben r Libbee 
Joseph Duibesont 
Tim y Libbee 
Job Burnum 
Sam 1 Burnum 
Joseph Gctchell 
Henry Griffith 
Japheth Hill 
Sam 1 Hill J r 
Westbrook Berry 
Jon a Berry 
Reuben Libbee 
Jacob Foster 
Jn° Wooden Foster 
Eben r Fitts 
Jn° Scott 
Benj a Getchel 
John Berry 
Obadiah Hill 
George Libbee 



The following Thirteen persons were also Original Grant- 
ees, but for divers reasons it is submitted to the court, whither 
they are entitled to a share — 

Jeremiah Jenks, John Whiland, Benj a Holmes 

Benj a Stone, Sam 1 Stewart, Jn° Coffin Jones 

Jn° Croker Ezek 1 Foster jun r Jn° Bohannon, 

Ich d Jones, Archelous Hammond 

Reuben Croker, Tho s Libbee 



OF THE STATK OF MAINE 



149 



The following persons are settlers 
the Original Grant. 

David Gardner Jun r Peter Colbroth 
Elijah Gardner Tim° Andrews 
Joshua Brown Israel Andrews 
Jabez Huntly Ephraim Chase 

George Thompson James Gooch 
Stephen Young Step" Munson 
John Foster Joseph Munson Jr 

Benj a Foster 3 d Peter Richardson 
Wm Tupper David Prescott 

Timothy Andrews Israel Andrews 
Jabez Huntly Jacob Foster 

Benj a Foster 3 d Joseph Munson 
Joseph Munson Jr William Shannon 
Benj a Foster J. Noble Shannon 

John Crokon David Gardner J r 

Stephen Smith 



Joseph O'Brien 
Samuel Burnum 
Obidiah Hill 
Samuel Shaw 



Elisha Mayhew 
Job Burnum 
John Watts 
Theodore Hill 
Jones Dyer 



Joseph Getchell J r Joseph Getchell 



Solomon Stone 
Joseph Averel 
John O'brien 

William O'brien 
James Dillaway 
Joseph Homes 



Daniel Stone 
Jeremiah O'brien 
Daniel Elliot 
Joseph Libbee 
George Sevey 
Francis Miller 



in Machias and not in 

John Holmes 
James Sprague 
Ralph Haycock 
Daniel Elliot 
Josiah Libbee J r 
John Howard 
Stephen Fogg 
Benj a Pettegrow 
Ephraim Andrews 
Ja 8 Lyon 
John Foster 
Stephen Munson 
David Gardner 
Silvenus Scott 
Elijah Gardner 
Morris O'Brien . 
Henry Watts 
Stephen Young 
Joseph Hill 
Ephraim Chase 
Jonathan Pineo 
Enoch Waterhouse 
Ladwick Holway 
Gideon O'brien 
W ni Albee 
Aaron Hanscomb 
Jonas Farnsworth 



To the Hon 1 ' 1 " the Council and House of Representatives 
of the State of Massachusetts Bay. 

The Petition of James Noble Shannon Humbly Sheweth 



150 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

That your petitioner is owner of a valuable tract of Land 
lying in Cumberland in Nova Scotia : which land was attached 
by certain persons in Nova Scotia, for the payment of some 
debts due to them, and which debts do not amount to one 
fifth part of the value of said lands : and if said debts are 
not paid before the month of May next, Executions will be 
issued, and said Lands sold to satisfy the aforesaid debts, and 
Cost of Court : which will be greatly to the damage of your 
petitioner, who, living in this State, dare not go into Nova 
Scotia without leave first obtained from your honors. And 
your petitioner has the utmost reason to think ( there being 
debts due to him in that province ) that if he was permitted 
to go to the Towns of Cumberland, Horton and Comwallis, 
in the said province of Nova Scotia, he could settle with his 
Creditors, and hold said Land — 

Therefore your Petitioner humbly prays your Honors, that 
he may be permitted to go to the Towns of Cumberland, 
Horton & Cornwallis in Nova Scotia, to settle his business 
at said places, and receive the protection of this and the 
other United States, in going to and returning from said 
province with his Effects. 

And as in duty bound will ever pray 

J. Noble Shannon 
Machias Jany l Bt 1779. 



State of Massachusetts Bay, Cumberland 4 th Jan'y 1779. 
To the Honourable the council and the Hon ble House of 
Representatives of said State in Gen 1 Court assembled. 

The Petition of the Subscribers a Committee chosen this 
Day by the Sufferers in Falmouth by the barbarous Fire of 
Cap 1 Mowat 18 th Oct 1 1775, whereby their houses and other 
Property, were destroyed ; — humbly Shews that many of the 
sufferers have ever since been put to the Extremest Diflficul- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 151 

ties to procure necessaries of Life, and are now brought to 
their Wits End, and know not where to apply for Relief but 
to your Honours. — Many of them are without Bread, and 
many more have it but seldom ; they have strove hard to 
Subsist without complaining, but the Exigence of the Times 
now presses to that Degree, they are constrained to let their 
piteous Case be known to your Honours. 

Bread the Staff of Life is not here to be bought, and if it 
was they have not money to purchase it ; we wou'd mention 
Instances of Distress that wou'd affect your Honors, among 
the aged the Widows & Fatherless, but will forbear to wound 
your Ears with lamentable Tales. 

We therefore humbly pray, that your Honors, Fathers of 
the People, wou'd consider their difficult Circumstances & 
grant them a little Corn or Flour or Rice out of the publick 
stores : or otherwise give them present Relief. 

And we wish your Honours (if consistent) wou'd recom- 
mend to our Humane & christian Brethren in the State, 
who are able : to pity our Distress and relieve us by sending 
such relief to this Committee to be distributed to those who 
are most in need : and may the Blessings of those who are 
ready to Perish be their Reward. 

We humbly submit this Supplication for our poor Suffer- 
ing Brethren, to your Honours wise and compassionate con- 
sideration and pray for something to make Bread of, for their 
Present Subsistance, or any other Relief your Honour's may 
think proper, & your Petitioners as in Duty Bound, will 
ever pray &c 

Enoch Freeman Nat. Green Moody Moses Plumer 



State of Mass 8 Bay York ss 

To the Hon 1 ' 10 the Council & Hon ble House of Representa- 
tives In General Court, Assembled Jany <">"' 1779. 



152 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Joseph Bragdon of York in said County, Gent., humbly 
begs leave to Remonstrate to this Hon 1,le Court. 

That he being one of the Constables of the Town of York 
for the year 1773, was Impower'd to Collect and Order'd to 
pay in to the Hon ble Harrison Gray Esq r then Province 
Treasurer or his Successor one hundred, and twenty Pounds 
on Ace* of the said Towns Proportion of the Province Tax 
that year — £88.. 16.. 8 of which he paid to the s d late 
Treas r Gray at three several Times and took his Receipts for 
the same in the following manner, namely — 
the first payment was £ 5.. 10.. 4 

The second 15 th Sept. 1774 46.. 3.. 6 

The third Nov r 6, 1774 37.. 2.. 10 

Which makes the said 88.. 16.. 8 

Since which viz Aug* 30 1776, he p d the 
remaining 31.. 3.. 4 

to the present Treasurer M r Gardner, which 

Com[A t y e s d 120.. 0.. 

and suppos'd the Treasurers Books were all Ballanc d respect- 
ing him 

But so it happens, The former Treasurer M r Gray not 
having given your Petitioner Credit in his Book for the two 
last mention' 1 Payments made him as aforesaid as your Peti- 
tioner suppos'd he had : Execution has since been Issued 
against him for the same, upon which, looking for his 
Receipts finds he has Misplac'd or lost them, not having 
taken that care which other ways he would ; had he not sup- 
pos'd he had Credit given him as aforesaid. And now he 
has no other Evidence at present of the said two last pay- 
ments to M r Gray, than his own Entry made in his Rate List 
at the Time of his paying them, as aforesaid, and his Father 
Mr Daniel Bragdon's Oath by whose hands the said 
,£37.. 2.. 10 was paid. 

Wherefore your Petitioner Prays the Court to cause the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 153 

said Execution to be suspended, And Grant or allow him the 
aforesaid two sums being Eighty-three Pounds six shillings 
and four pence paid Mr Gray as aforesaid, the Receipts being- 
lost notwithstanding And Your Petitioner as in Duty bound 

shall pray &c. 

Joseph Bragdon 

Boston Aug 10, 1774 
Rec d of M r Joseph Bragdon Constable of York — Thirty- 
one pounds Eleven shillings & Eight pence in full for 1772 
& five Pounds, Ten Shillings & four pence in part for 1773. 

Harrison Gray — Treasurer. 
31—11—8 
5 —10—4 



37— 2—0 

Receiver General's Office, Watertown 30 8t August 1776 
Received of Mr. Joseph Bragdon the Sum of Thirty-one 
Pounds, Three Shillings & 4 d being Part of the Prov- 
ince Tax set on the Town of York — by the General Court 
in the year 1773 — For which Sum I have given the said 
Bragdon — another Receipt of the same Tenor & date with 

this. 

£31 : 3 : 4 Jn° Furnass for the Treasurer. 

York SS York Jan* 2 d 1779. 

then Joseph Bragdon personally appearing Solemnly made 
Oath to the truth of the several matters contain'd in the 
foregoing Petition by him Subscribed 

before me: Dan 1 Moulton Jus: Peace 
York SS. York Jan* 2" 1779 

Mr. Dan 1 Bragdon personally appearing Solemnly made 
Oath. That some Time in the fall of the year 1774, as he 
thinks was in Novem 1 ' he paid M' Harrison Gray late Pro- 
vince Treasurer a Sum of Money sent to him by Joseph Brag- 



154 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

don then one of the Constables of York which Sum accord- 
ing to the best of the said Daniels remembrance was <£37.. 
2.. 10 or thereabouts and took the said Treas" Receipt for 
the same in favour of the said Joseph the Constable and 
gave it him at his Return home 

Before me Dan 1 Moulton, Jus. Peace. 



State of Massachusetts Bay 
To the Honorable the Council and House of Representa- 
tives of said State, in general Court Assembled at Boston 
January 6 th 1779. 

The Petition of the Subscribers humbly sheweth 
That on the eleventh Day of June — A. D. 1771, the then 
great and general Court, Granted to David Phips Esq r and 
others, the legal Heirs and Representatives of those Soldiers 
who were employed in the Expedition to Canada in the year 
1690 — a Town ship of Land of the Contents of Six Miles 
and three Quarters square in the unappropriated lands, in 
the late Province of Maine to the Eastward of Saco River, 
upon the following Conditions, viz 1 That the Grantees within 
Seven years Settle eighty Families in said Township, Build a 
House for the public Worship of God, Settle a Learned Prot- 
estant Minister, and lay out one Eighty-fourths Parts for the 
first Settled Minister, one eighty-fourths Parts for the 
Use of a School in said Township and One eighty fourth 
Part for the use of Harvard College forever : also that they 
return a Plan thereof Taken by a Surveyor and Chainmen 
under Oath within Twelve Months — which Conditions have 
been so far complyed with as there has been a Plan thereof 
taken by a Surveyor and Chainmen under Oath, returned 
and Accepted, the Township lotted out, Roads cleared, &c, 
at the Expence of about Three Thousand Dollars — upon 
the completing of which the present cruel and unnatural War 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 155 

commencing rendered and still continues it impossible, to 
proceed any further in the fulfilment of the conditions of 
said Grant. 

Your Petitioners therefore Pray this Honorable Court to 
take the Premises under their wise Consideration and allow 
them such further Time after the Conclusion of the present 
war for fulfilling the remaining Conditions of the Grant 
aforesaid as they in their Wisdom shall think proper. 

And your Petitioners as in Duty bound will ever Pray. 
Nathaniel Bridge Elijah Livermore 

Committee in Behalf of the Propriety 
Waltham Jan'y 4 Ul 1779. 



To the honorable the Council and House of Representatives 
for the State of Massachusetts Bay in General Court assemb- 
led at Boston January y° 6 th A. D. 1779. 
the subscribers Inhabitants of Berwick, York, Kittery and 
Wells in the County of York and state aforesaid Humbly 
shew that they were formerly greatly oppressed by the Incur- 
sions of their savage Enemies and have most of them been 
personally engaged in the present War with Great Britain 
and declare themselves to be friends to the Rights Privileges 
and Independency of the united states of America that it 
has formerly been the custom of this honorable Court to 
Grant Townships of unappropriated Lands to persons of 
such chareters but that neither your Petitioners nor their 
Father have been favored with the like Privilege your Peti- 
tioners therefore humbly pray this honorable Court to grant 
t.licm for a sufficient Consideration certain Tract of Land 
nine Miles square in the county of York aforesaid beginning 
six miles Last of tin: Province; line adjacent to the Rivers 
Great Ossipee and Saco on tin; south side of said Rivers or 



156 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



some other Township of equal Extent adjacent or near the 
Land afore said and as in Duty bound will ever pray. 

Chas Chauncy Edw d Grow Samuel Butler 

Daniel Libby Nicolas Sewall Joseph Pray J r 

William Grow Humphrey chadbourne Thomas Hodsdon J r 

Matthew Merriam Johnson Moulton Samuel Grant 

Ebenezer Lord James Donnell David Lord 

Joseph Prime Dan 1 Wheelwright J r Jeremiah Libbey 

Nathan Lord Esaias preble Aaron Chick 

Humphrey chadbourne Jr Joseph Sewall James Grand 

John Brackett Jonathan Nowell Joshua Roberts 

Jon a Hamilton J r Joseph Grant 

Moses Ricker Aaron Hanson 

Jacob Shorey Patrick gowan 

James Goodwin J r Caleb Lord 

James Roberts Ebenez r Towns 

Thomas Butter Thomas Hardison 

Philipe Yeatton Simeon Lord 

John Tucker Thomas chadbourne Timothy Wentworth 

Humphry chadbourne 3 rd Jeames Shorey Elifalet Randal 

Jonathan Wealch Joseph chadbourne J r Joseph Ricker 

Wintworth Lord Elisha Andrews Jun r Jeremiah Rendal 

Jeames Bracket Samuel Pra}^ Jun r George Seater 

Joshua Quint. Moses Wamouth 

Joseph Lord Joseph chadbourn 

Ebenezer Tibbets Henry hambelton 

Samuel Junkins Joshua Moore 

Robert Follet Richard Cutts 

William Hoolbroock Will™ Moore 

Samuel Darby John Nowell 

John Littlefield John Littlefield J 1 

Noah M. Littlefield Jeremiah Littlefield 3 rd Joseph Hobbs 

Simeon Chadbourn Aaron Wheelwright Sam 1 Sawyer 

Ebenezar Littlefield Jonathan Hatch Josiah Staples 



Stephen Farell 
Trustiam fall 
Humphrey Lord 
Stephen Hardison 
charles Libbey 
John Hossom 
Solomon Hamilton 



Jeh d Hayes 
Ebenezer Libbey 
Josiah chase 
Benj a Stevens 
Samuel Gerrish 
Joseph Simpson third 
Ebe r Simpson 
Daniel Littlefield 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 157 

To the Honorable Council of the State of Massu* 8 Bay 

Gentelmen you was Pleased sometime Sence to Honnour 

me with a Commission appointing me to a Command of a 

Company of Mattroses in the Brigade Commanded by John 

Frost Esq r 

I now am removed from York to Sanford a Place about 

Twenty miles from the Sea Coast — and I Suppose it Most 

Proper for the Parson Commanding that Company to Reside 

at York. I Now May ask the Favour, of your Honnours 

that I may have Leave to Resighn that imployment (at Least 

for the Present ) and at the Same time give me Leave to 

assure your Honnours that it is not out of Fear or any other 

Motive, but the aforementioned — and allso Lett me assure 

your Honnours, that I am Ready at all times to Risk my Life 

and my Littell all in the Service of the State — in whatever 

imployment your Honnours, Shall think Best to imploy me 

in. I am with the Gratest Sincerity 

Your Honnours Most obeadent most Humbel Servant 

Sam 1 Nasson 
Sanford November 24, 1778. 

In Council Jan'y 11 — 1779 Read & Ordered that the 
Resignation of Sam 1 Nasson as Commander of a Matroses 
Company in the Brig dc whereof John Frost Esq r is Brigadier 
be & hereby is Accepted. 

Jn° Avery D. Sec'y* 

Stale of Massachusetts Bay 

To the Honorable the Council & House of Representatives 
of the State of Massachusetts Bay aforesaid in Great & Gen- 
eral Court convened at Boston — 

'llif petition of Mary Wallingford of Somersworth in the 
County of Stratford A: State of New Hampshire Widow & 
Relict of Ebenezer Wallingford late of said Somersworth 
Gentleman deceased Testate, most humbly Shews 



158 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

That on the Ninth day of May A. D. 1775, the said Eben- 
ezer made and executed his last will and Testament of which 
he made your petitioner sole Executrix and (provided she 
remains unmarried) gave her the whole of his real Estate for 
Life. 

That within a few days after making his Will the said 
Ebenezer died, leaving Debts unsettled and due from his 
Estate to a considerable amount more than his personal 
Estate as Inventoried — and as your petitioner hath already 
expended for defraying said Debts, sums to the amount of 
said Personal Estate, all of which Debts are not yet satisfied, 
she is under the Necessity of disposing of some part of his 
real Estate for that purpose. 

That the said Ebenezer died Seized of several Tracts of 
wild & uncultivated Land in the county of York & State of 
Massachusetts Bay aforesaid, which in the apprehension of 
your petitioner are the most proper to sell for a complete 
discharge of the Debts of the said Ebenezer — But, upon 
due Consideration & Advisement your petitioner is informed 
that no Court in the Massachusetts Bay (other than the 
Great & General Court) is authorized to Licence the Sale of 
said Lands — the statutes of 1696 & 1770 not extending to 
her case. 

Your Petitioner therefore prays your Honours that an Act 
or Resolve may pass the Great & General Court aforesaid 
authorizing & empowering the Judge of the probate of Wills 
&c for the county of York aforesaid to grant License for the 
sale of the Lands in said county belonging to the Estate of 
said Ebenezer in order to discharge his debts — or grant her 
such other aid herein as your Honors in your Wisdom shall 
deem proper — and, as in Duty bound your petitioner will 
ever pray &c 

Mary Wallingford 

Somersworth Jan* 11, 1779 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 159 

State of Massachusetts Bay 
To the Hon ble the Council of said State 

Humbly Sheweth that we the Subscribers Do Recommend 
Josiah Chase to be Adjutant for the first Rigement in the 
County of York some time Remain you r Honor 8 most obe 1 
and Very Hum ble Ser vt8 
Edw d Grow Col. John Littlefield L l Col. John Nowell Major 

York, Dec. 29 th 1778. 

In Council Jan y 11, 1779 Read & Sent down 

John Avery D. Secy. 



State of Massachusetts Bay 
In the House of Representatives, January 12, 1779. 

The House made choice by ballot of Josiah Chace as an 
Adjutant to the first Regiment of Militia in the County of 
York. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Pickering Spk r 

In Council Jan'y 12, 1779 Read & Concurred. 

John Avery D. Secy 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

in the House of Representatives January 12, 1779. 

Whereas Nathaniel Thwing Esq r Agent for the Estate of 
Charles Callahan of Pownalboro' in the County of Lincoln 
an absentee received a Resolve of the General Court bearing 
Date April 29, 1778, directing him to pay Rebecca the wife 
of the s' 1 Charles Callahan the sum of Two Hundred Pounds, 
Seventy Pounds of which Sum s d Thwing has paid to s' 1 
Rebecca Callahan, since which slit; has clandestinely gone off 
to the Enemy. 



160 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Therefore — Resolved that Nathaniel Thwing Esq r Agent 
for the Estate of Charles Callahan be directed & he hereby 
is directed not to pay Rebecca Callahan, the wife of s rt 
Charles, her Heirs, Assigns, or Attorney the Remainder of 
the above s d sum of Two Hundred Pounds, but that he be 
directed and he hereby is directed to retain s d sum in his 
Hands till the further Order of the Court or till he account 
therefor as agent to said Estate. 
Sent up for concurrence 



In Council Jan* 12 th 1779 
Read & Concurred 



John Pickering Spk r 
Jn° Avery D. Secy 



Abstract of a pay Roll for David Rider of Yarmouth Prize 
master on Board the Brig n Hazard in the year 1777 Simeon 
Samson Commander in the Service of the State of Massachu- 
setts Bay — from the 20 th day of May 1778 To y e 7 th of 
Oct 1 following being 4 months & Seventeen Days Being the 
Time of the said Riders Captivity until he arrived at Boston. 

David Rider — 4 months & 17 Days wages 
@ ,£3 p r month £13. 14. 

137 Rations @ 2/ 13. 14. 

27: 8: 
Errors Excepted David Rider. 



State of the Massachusetts Bay 
To the Hon ble Council & House of Representatives of s d State. 

The petition of David Rider of Yarmouth in the County 
of Barnstable Mariner humbly sheweth that your Petitioner 
sometime in August in the year of our Lord seventeen hun- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 161 

dred & seventy-seven shipped on board the Brigantine Haz- 
ard bound on a cruize for six Months as Prize Master that 
on the twenty-second Day of April following the crew on 
board the said Brigantine Hazard took the Brigantine Eliza- 
beth in which the said Rider was put prize Master to bring 
her into the port of Boston that on the second day of May 
following the said Brigantine Elizabeth was retaken by the 
British ship Rainbow & carried to Halifax & the said Ryder 
in her in consequence of which the said Rider's Name was 
not made up in the abstract of the Brigantine Hazard by rea- 
son of which he has not received the wages due to him from 
the state from the twentieth day of May in the Year of our 
Lord seventeen hundred & seventy eight to the seventh day 
of October following therefore your petitioner humbly prays 
that he may be paid the wages which are due to him from s d 
twentieth Day of May to the s d seventh day of October & 
that he may have the Monies which he expended while in 
Prison refunded him which amounted to the Sum of sixteen 
Spanish mille' 1 Dollars for which I was Obliged To pay in this 
State ninety six Dollars To Cap* Bishop of Plymouth who 
supplied with the hard money at Halifax. 

As he in duty bound shall ever pray 

David Rider 

In Council Jany 16, 1779 Read & Sent down 

Jn° Avery Dep. Secy. 



Machias 22 d January 1779 
To the Hon ble The General Court of the State of Massachu- 
setts Bay 

The address and Petition of the Inhabitants of Machias 
Deeply Impress'd with a Sense of the calamities hitherto 
happen'd in the United States, the unhappy & Deplorable 
Circumstances of many parts, Occasioned by the arbitrary 

12 



162 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

& Despotic Designs of the British Ministry, pursued by a 
cruel & unnatural Prince & Venial Parliament, which witli 
the present Pertrubation and Anxiety of mind of the Inhab- 
itants of this Eastern Country on the Situation of these parts 
wou'tl with all humble Submission approach the Supreme 
Senate of this State as to an Indulgent and Affectionate 
Parent, Trusting and Relying that by their Candour, Human- 
ity & Wisdom, will attend to our Requisition. 

We acknowledge with a sense of Gratitude the many 
favours hitherto received from your hands. 

The present Exigences of times this way compells us to 
Trouble you, as our Situation must appear truly Deplorable 
shou'd we be necessitated with only our Own Strength to 
repell the storm we are threatned with from our Enemies. 

Notwithstanding the Indigency of the Country we have 
hitherto exerted ourselves to the utmost of our Power and 
Ability being always ready & willing to attend every Sum- 
mons, particularly when the Safety of our Country Depended 
and always hoped by our conduct to give such satisfaction as 
to merit the approbation of our Country — But alas we are 
Oblig'd to Declare our Poverty, and that our strength is 
Exhausted and a scene of Destruction appears before our 
Eyes, Shoud our Enemies make another attempt, our Dwell- 
ings which were always an Assilum for the Stranger and dis- 
tressed, appears in another light. Familys Ragged & 
Naked & but a bear sufficiency of Food to preserve life, and 
that procured with Indefatigueable pains & Difficulties. 
The Lumber Trade that we were formerly benefitted by is 
now become as nothing, and the Trifle which we kept up was 
by the Excursions of the Enemy's cruisers the past Fall 
intirely consumed & Destroyed, so that Destruction and 
Devastation is too Glaring to our view Lett us turn which 
way we will. 

We have still Hearts willing & Hands ready to oppose our 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



163 



common Enemy, to Defend the Interest to support the Lib- 
erty and Honour of our Country, but when we consider, 
shoud it only Depend upon ourselves our Spirits Shrinks 
and we feel nothing but Anguish & Grief — 

The Subscribers, Inhabitants of Machias aforesaid have 
met together and have (as agreed upon by a number of other 
settlements) maturely and Deliberately Examin'd into the 
situation of these eastern Settlements, and are but too well 
acquainted with their Difficulties which are but few to what 
might be mentioned — Do now humbly request that your 
Honour's woud take the Premisses under your wise consid- 
eration and Grant us Support & Relief — That a sufficient 
number of Armed Vessels may be sent on the Coast for the 
protection of our Trade. That a sufficient Body of Troops 
with Fortifications and Necessaries conformable may be sent 
to prevent the Ruin of so valuable a Country, and that an 
hand of pity & compassion may extend in Aiding & Assist- 
ing with some supplys, those who by all human Appearances 
will Inevitably suffer for want — For a more particular 
Dissatisfaction of our Affairs & Situation we Solicit That 
Colo. John Allan, Colo. Alexander Campbell & Major Geo: 
Stillman be heard on our behalf & your Petitioners as in 
duty bound will ever pray &c. 



Wooden Foster Ephraim Andrews 
Joseph Getchel J r Joseph Getchel 
Timothy Andrews Jared Andrews 



George Sevey 
John Croken 
John Swett 
W" Albee 
Rob 1 Sharp 
Benj a Foster 
Gideon O'Brien 



J. Noble Shannon 
Joseph Hoalms 
Joseph Hill 
Joseph Libbee 
Samuel Scott 
Samuel Rich 



Job Bararre 

Benj* Foster Jr 

Enoch Waterhouse Joseph Averel 

Samuel Burnam John Fulton 

David Longfellow Stephen Jones 

Jeremiah O'Brien Morris O'Brien 

Daniel Meservy Peter Talbot 



164 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Stephen Smith Ja s Lyon Joseph Sevey 

Silvanus Sevey John Wooden Foster Joseph Munson 
Joseph Munson J r Stephen Munson John Munson 
Robert Munson Samuel Shaw Silvanus Scott 

Donald McDonald John Berry Aaron Hanscom p order 

Benjamin fos John Watts Henry Watts 

Stephen Young Obediah Hill Nathan Longfellow 

Janes Dillaway Jonathan Pineo Solomon Stone 

Daniel Stone Francis Miller Samuel Davis Bryant 

W m Tupper Ladwick Holway 

Falmouth, Jany 22 lld 1779. 
To the Honourabel Board of War at Boston 

Agreable to Your order I now Send you the Remaining 
Part of clothing Collected in the County of Cumberland 
haveing Rec tl no Receipt for what Clothing I sent you by Capt. 
William Harper the 30 th of October who Informs me that 
the Clothing was Delivered at Your Store But the Acct. 
Being sent by the post Possibly might not be Rec d by Your 
honours — therefore Shall inclose you an Acct. of the whol 
Sent to you — and Likewise Send general Return of all the 
Clothing . Sent to the Army and to the Honorable Board of 
War to be Log'd in the Secretaries office 

From Your Serv 4 at Com d 

Daniel C. Ilsley. 

An Acct. of Clothing Sent By Capt William Harper Octo- 
ber the 30th, 1778. Pack* in three Hogsheads — 

Shirts Shoos Stockings 
Hg d9 No. 1 Containing 133 22 132 

« No. 2 Containing 106 92 16 

" No. 3 Containing 69 66 66 

308 180 ^214 Oct. 30 th 1778 
Jany 22nd 1779 Sent by 
Capt. William Harper 90 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 165 

Shirts, 159 Pairs of Shoos & 

74 p r Stockings Pack* in 98 159 _74 Jan'y 22 n ' 1 1779 

two bogheads N° 4 & 5 406" 339" 288 Sum totall 

Daniel Ilsley 
To the Honourable Board of War at Boston. 

Shirts Shoos Stockings 
P. S. clothing sent to 

Pennsylvania 188 _252 _246 

Sum total of all the cloth- 
ing Collected in the 
County of Cumberland 594 591 534 
the Peticulars of what Each Town Provided are in my 
General Returns Dated Jan'y 1 st 1779 Log' 1 in the Secreta- 
ries office. 

Falmouth Jan'y 22nd, 1779. 

Daniel Ilsley 

Agent for the County of Cumberland 

State of the Massachusetts Bay 

To the Honorable Council & House of Representatives ; 
In Gener 11 Court Assembled. 1779 

The Petition of the Inhabitants of Pleasant River in the 
Eastern Part of said State : now assembled this 23' 1 Day of 
January A. D. 1779. Beg leave to Represent to your Hon- 
ours the very Distressing Situation of this Place for want of 
provisions, as well every necessary, almost, in Life: occa- 
sioned in Part, by tin; Great Drought the Last Summer, here 
we had not halfe crops of Grain &c. But the more alarming 
it is Being Deprived of most all communication with our own 
State, by the Hostility of the British ministrys sending the 
men of war & arm'd Vessels along all this shore that snaps 
upmost all the vessels that offers to Pass: Moreover they 
have Blockd up some of our harbours this winter: Some of 
us for want of Bread, it Being the most Valuable thing: 



166 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

have sent our meat & fish &c. to market in Deck 1 Boats, to 
buy Bread & clotheing, hopeing they might escape, in shore 
But they were taken and Plundred ( The same meat & 
fish would have been some support to us ) So let us Look 
which way we will, our case is most Deploreable, Notwith- 
standing, we are, & will be, Loyal to the States of America. 
And we are willing to spend our Lives, for the Rights and 
Libertis of our country, if occasion calls. But we are so 
Lame now : that if the Enemy should make such attempts as 
they have Don on this Eastern Country, we know not what 
the event will be. We know not where to Look for help, 
But to our Parents. Therefore Look upon it our Duty to 
Lay our case & circumstance Before your Honours, Relying 
upon it that you will not only from Principles of Reason & 
Justice suffer so valuable a country to fall into the hands of 
the Enemy ; But from your Known Goodness & Compassion 
(Not only in General; But to us in perticular which we 
must mention with Gratitude, and thank your Honours, for 
what we have Recev d ) Take our case into your wise con- 
sideration, and Pray your Honours, would Grant us such 
Relief & Supplies of Provisions, arms, ammunition, soldiers, 
arm'd Vessels & Fortifications &c, As Your Honours In 
3 7 our Great Wisdom and Goodness shall see meet. ( For 
further Information we Refer to Colo 11 John Allan of Mechias ) 

And your Petitioners as in Duty Bound shall ever Pray 
Joseph Wilson, Daniel Merit. 

In behalfe of the Whole Body. 
The Inhabitants of Pleasant River have Been Duly warned 
& met this day and voted the within Petition To be sent to 
the General Court and Made choice of Capt. Joseph Wilson 
and M r Daniel Merit to signe the said Petition In behalfe of 
the Whole Body 

Test Edmund Stevens Clark 

January the 23 d 1779. 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 107 

State of Massachusetts Bay- 
In the House of Representatives Jan y 23, 1779. 
On the Petition of James Noble Shannon praying for leave 
to go to Cumberland Cornwallis & Horton in Nova Scotia — 
Resolved that the said James Noble Shannon be and he 
hereby is permitted to go to Cumberland, Cornwallis & Hor- 
ton in Nova Scotia for the Purposes mentioned in s d Petition, 
and to return with his Effects into this State within six 
months from this Date — And all Commanders of Arm'd 
Vessels in the Service of the United States, are hereby 
desired and Commanders of Armed Vessells in the Service 
of this State are directed not to molest the said Shannon in 
going to or returning from Nova Scotia as aforesaid. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Pickering Spk r 

In Council Jan* 23 d 1779 



Read & Concurred 



John Avery D. Secy 



State of the Massachusetts Bay 

To the honorable the council and honorable the house of 
Representatives of said state in great and general Court 
assembled 

The Petition of Joanna Wyer wife of Thomas Wyer late 
of Falmouth in the county of Cumberland, Mariner, humbly 
sluweth: — That her said husband is now at New York 
& is one of those who by a late law of this State are prohib- 
ited from returning into it : That he, apprised of this pro- 
hi l>i lory law, has signified his intentions, if leave can be 
obtained, of coming in a fiagg, as soon as the Spring season 
will permit, for the purpose of carrying her to New York, 
and that however reluctant she is to leave the place of her 
nativity, yet her superior affection to her husband has deter- 



168 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

mined her to go with her child to reside with him, if leave 

can be obtained for that purpose. 

Wherefore She humbly prays your honors to permit her 

said husband to come to said Falmouth for the purpose 

afores d in a flagg, and that they may be permitted to depart 

and to carry with them their household furniture & Linnen 

and as in duty bound she will ever pray etc. 

Joanna Wyer. 
Falmouth January 27, 1779. 



To the Hon 1jle the Council and House of Representatives 
of the State of Massachusetts Bay 

The Memorial and Petition of a number of the Inhabitants 
of Machias — in behalf of themselves and their Associates 
according to the List annexed Humbly Sheweth 

That whereas this Township was granted to a number of 
persons in the year 1770, with a proviso, that the then Royal 
Approbation Should be obtained in eighteen Months from 
that time, which approbation has not yet been obtained : and 
the fee of said Lands is now solely in this State. 

Since the commencement of the present War, many fami- 
ly s and others (not included in the former grant) have Set- 
tled and made considerable improvements on said Land ; 
therefore your petitioners pray that your Honors would 
regrant said Land to such of the former grantees as Shall be 
approved by your Honors, and to the present settlers who 
were not in the former grant. And in as much as the former 
grant does not contain land sufficient to accomodate all the 
Settlers, we pray that an addition may be made thereto, the 
whole of which is according to the following bounds, viz 1 
beginning at a dry Rock, at a place called the Eastern Bay, 
near the house of Sam 1 Holmes, and extending North Ten 
degrees West Ten Miles, thence West, ten degrees South, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



169 



ten miles, thence South ten degrees East to the Sea, thence 
East ten degrees North, ten miles, or until a line from thence 
making a right angled plain triangle, Shall Strike the bounds 
first mentioned ; together with all the Islands fronting the 
same towards the Sea ; to us, our heirs and assigns forever, 
Tenants in common 

And your petitioners further pray that your Honors would 
Incorporate us into a Town by the Name of Gatesborough 
and that we may enjoy all the priviledges of a corporate 
body : as we suffer many inconveniences for want thereof 
which will be more fully sett forth to your Honors by Col 
John Allan & Maj r George Stillman, who will present this 
petition together with the names of the original grantees and 
of those who have since come in, And as in duty bound your 
petitioners will Ever pray &c 
Machias January 27, 1779. 
Silvanus Sevey Jn° Sanborn William Obrien 

John Obrian James Eliot's heirs Col John Allan 

William Shannon James Noble Shannon Davis Bryant 
Stephen Smith Maj r George Stillman David Prescutt 

Jonas Farnsworth Dan 1 Hoit 

Henry Watts 

Benj a Foss 

Benj a Harmon 

Peter Talbot 

Joel Bonney 

Elisha jVI.ihew 

Joseph O'brien 



Francis Miller 
John Croker 
Joseph Averil 
David Libbee 
Jabez West 
Tim" Young 
James Flinn 
William Tupper 
William Albee 

A List of the present Settlers of Machias which were not 
in the original grant. 

f David Gardner J r |Elijah Gardner f Joshua Brown 

f Jabez Huntly fGeorge Thompson -(Stephen Young 
John Foster fBenj* Foster fPeter Colbroth 



Jon a Pineo 
Joseph Getchel J r 
Rev d James Lyon 
Eleazer Hathaway 
Manwarring Beal 
Ladwick Holway 
Samuel Shaw 



170 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Tim Andrews Israel Andrews jEphraim Chase 
*Ecnj a Gouch bo* Reuben Crokers right 
*Benj a Gcuch Jr bo 1 y 2 a right of Jon a Carlton 



f James Gooch Sam 1 Scott Jr 

* Wains renueiscn * Joseph Lsm; 



Steph" Munson 
bought Arthur Dilla- 



way's right Joseph Munson Jr f Peter Richardson 

'"-- -.oupe bo't of an orig 1 grantee 



xxaCiucuis 



bo't of Jones 



f James Sprague 
| John Howard 
Silvanus Sevey 
Jn° Obrian 
W m Shannon 
|Steph n Smith 
f Francis Miller 
|Jn° Croker 
f Benj a Foss 
f Benj a Harmon 
fPeter Talbot 



John Holmes 
Josiah Libbee Jr 
f-Benj a Fettegrow 
W ,n Obrian 



f Ralph Haycock 
fStep n Fogg 

John Sanborn 
f James Eliot's heirs f John Allan Esq 1 
f Ja s Noble Shannon f Davis Bryant 

George Stillman f David Prescutt 



fDan'l Hoit 
f Joseph Averil 
David Libbee 
Jabez West 



fJonas Farnsworth 
f Jon a Pineo 
f Joseph Getchel J r 
f Rev d James Lyon 
Eleazer Hathaway f Tim Young 
bot of an orig 1 grantee f Joel Bonney 
f James Flinn f Manwarring Beal fElisha Mahew 

N.B. those who are maked thus ( f ) have family's & made 
improvement, those marked ( * ) whose names are scratched 
out purchased of the original grantees & hold under them 



Ri 



State of the Massachusetts Bay 

To the hon° the council and house of Representatives in 
great and general court assembled. 

The Petition of Betty Pote of Falmouth in the county of 
Cumberland wife of Jeremiah Pote late of said Falmouth, 
Mariner, humbly sheweth : — 

That her said Husband is one of those who by a late law 
of this State are prohibited from returning to and living in 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 171 

it. That although lie is at present a prisoner at Portsmouth 
in New hampshire he hopes soon to be at Liberty to return 
to New York from whence he came to said Portsmouth — 
In which case he has signified his desire that she should go 
with him if he should not go till the Spring, or if he should, 
that he might be permitted then to return in a flagg for the 
purpose of carrying her thither, — and that, altho, it is with 
the greatest reluctance, yet her Superior affection to her hus- 
band determines her to quit the place of her nativity to 
reside with him if leave can be obtained for that purpose. 

Wherefore She humbly prays that your honors would 
grant her leave with their son either to depart with her said 
husband, when he may go or for him to return or send for 
her to said Falmouth for that purpose, and that she may also 
be permitted to carry with her their negro woman, also Eze- 
kiel Sawyer an apprentice, if he desires to go, and also her 
Linnen and household furniture. 

Betty Pote 

Falmouth January y e 29, 1779. 

Ebenezer Wallingford of Somersworth in New Hampshire 
made his Will and appointed his Wife mary Sole Executrix 
and there dies leaving Real and Personal Estate and likewise 
leaving Real Estate in the County of York. The Executrix 
(who has all the real estate of the Testator given her for life 
if she continues unmarried) Proves the Will before the 
Jiulge of Probate for y e County of Stafford in N. Hamp- 
shire where the Testator lived, was an Inhabitant, and died, 
and was Indebted more than the amount of all his Personal 
Estate and as the Lands, lying in the County of York are 
Wild and uncultivated she apprehends, it will be best to dis- 
pose of the Lands in York County for the paiment of Debts. 

The Question is Whether there is any Court in the State 
of Massachusetts Bay Enabled to authorize her to sell this 



172 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Land in York County for the paiment of Debts due from the 
Testator? 

The Statute of Massachusetts made in 1696, making Lands 
& Tenements liable to paiment of Debts — Enable the Sup. 
Court holden for and within the County where such deceased 
Person last dwelt to make Sale & in 1770 another Act 
Impowers the same Court in any County to Licence the 
Executor to make sale, where they might have done it, by 
the first act in year 1696, and gives the Inferior Court a 
Concurrent Jurisdiction, where the lands lay. But by the 
particular Wording of the Act, this case of Mrs. Walling- 
fords (& others, under the like circumstances) does not 
come within the Words of it and therefore there does not 
appear to me to be any Court in Mass a Bay authorized to 
order sale of these Lands in York County — and that there- 
fore Mrs. Wallingford's only Way to obtain a legal authority 
to make sale of them will be to Petition the General Court 
of the Massachusetts Bay, Setting forth the Particular State 
of the Facts as they really are, and that Court will doubtless 

grant her request. 

David Sewall. 

Falmouth February l 8t 1 779 
This may Certify that William Rideout a Soldier of Cap* 
Blassdel's Company Col Wigglesworths Regt., was Brought 
Home by his Father, Blind from Pennsylvania Last Septem- 
ber & he still Remaineth blind and Not Able to Do anything 
for his Subsistance. 

Nath 1 Carll Step" Waite Pearson Jones 

Selectmen of Falmouth 

To the Hon Me Genr 1 Court of the State of Massachusetts Bay 

The Petition of William Rideout — 

Humbly Sheweth that your Honour's Petitioner has had a 
Son in the Service ever Since the Continental Army was 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 173 

Raised for three years Until] September last past, in a Com- 
pany Commanded by Cap 1 Nicholas Blassdel in Col Wigles- 
worth's Reg 1 But by Reason of his haveing the Small Pox 
& the Feaver Striking with it he lost the sight of both his 
eyes, & is Intirely Blind & your Honours Petitioner Hearing 
that his Son was in such a Condition, Set out after him 
August the fourteenth last & Accordingly found him in 
Pennsylvania at the Yellow Springs Hospital & Got him 
home the twenty-eighth Day of September Following after a 
long & tedious Gurney in which your Petitioner spent Sev- 
enty-five Pounds & as he is in very Low Circumstances 
Beggs that your Honours would Consider him in his Expences 
& that your Honours would Likewise Consider his Son who 
is yet Blind, that your Honours woud Order that he may 
Draw some Provision at The store in this town or els where 
your Honours shall think Proper as he is intirely unable to 
Get any Subsistance at Present and to all appearance is 
Likely to Remain the Same by his being intirely Blind. Your 
Honours Granting the above Petition will much Oblidge 
your Poor & Distressed Humble Servant. 

William Rideout 



To the Honourable council and house of Representatives 
of the State of the Massachusetts Bay — The Memorial of 
Jonas Famsworth in behalf of Capt. John Scott Humbly 
Sheweth : — 

That some time in the Latter Part of the year 1776 by 
Vertue of an order Rec d from Co 11 Jonathan Eddy to Raise 
a Party of men to Rearinforce him and his Party Engaged 
against fort Cumberland, Did amediately Leave all his Pri- 
vate Business and with the utmost Dispatch Raised a number 
of men as Pr. Rolls Sett forth: for said Purpose, and ame- 
diately Sat of for to joyn S' 1 Eddy at Cumberland, supplying 



174 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

himself and men by his own Cost and charge, till theay 
Returned to their Respective Places of aboade, and as Capt. 
West and Capt. Boudron : who was in the same service : at 
the same time : have brought forward their Rolls and have 
ben Pay d by this Honorable Court, and as Cap* Scott has ben 
almost Ever sence in the State Service hant had an oppetu- 
nity of bringing forward his Roll till Now. 

Thearfour your memorilist Prays that your Honours would 
alow the s d Capt. Scott and men : the Same Pay as others 
had for the Same Service: also alow the Rations Due to 
them for said Service, as well as the Expence for Boats, and 
some other amounts that shall apear Reasonable. 

Likewise Prays that Capt. Jacob Ludwig and Company 
may have the Rations Due to them for their Service when 
Raised for the Defence of Machias, which have never ben 
Paid nor any alowance for the Same, as P r Roll Shall appear 
justly Due. 

also Prays that your Honours would Pay Two hundred 
and thirty one Days Rations that your memorilist advanced 
to Finding Persons in Cap 1 Crosby Company when Raised 
for the Defence of Machias, and as other Companys in the 
same Service & at the Same Time Brought forward their 
Abstracts Last April and your Honours granted them the 
whole of the Rations that apeared justly Due, and as these 
matters never have been Layed before your Honours, nor by 
no way made any alowance for as yet — 
your memorialist being Ready with Everything — Necessary 
to make the Several cases apear just and Reasonable, and 
being a grate Distance from home most Humbly Prays your 
Honours to take this matter into your wise Consideration 
and grant such Releaf as in your wisdom see Propper, and 
as your memorialist is in Duty bound will Ever Pray. 

Jonas Farnsworth. 

Boston February l 8t 1779. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



175 



An account of all the Horses, neat Cattle, Sheep & Swine 
in the Town of Fiyeburg taken by the Selectmen of said 
Town (in order to levy the Taxes on the Inhabitants thereof, 
which They were called upon for) February l 8t 1779. 

Oxen 4 Steers & Ditto 2 Ditto 1 

Horses years old Cows Heiffers 3 years year old Sheep Swine 
& upwards years old old 



Isaac Abbott 1 


4 


4 


3 


2 






1 


Aaron Abbott 


2 


2 








5 


2 


Hezekiah Astin 1 


2 


2 




1 




3 


1 


Peter Astin 1 


2 


1 


3 






3 


3 


Hope Astin 




2 


2 






1 


2 


Moses Ames 1 


4 


3 








9 


2 


Nathan Ames 




2 




1 




4 




John Bucknell 1 




2 










1 


John Bucknell, J r 


2 














Simeon Bucknell 


2 










8 




Moses Buck 


2 


3 






1 




2 


Abraham Bradley 


2 


3 




2 




2 


3 


John Charles 2 


2 


8 




2 


3 


9 


4 


Abner Charles 1 


2 


2 




1 


1 


6 


4 


Samuel Charles 1 


2 


8 




2 


2 


9 


3 


Ezra Carter 


2 


2 


1 






7 


4 


Edward Carlton 




2 


1 








2 


Moses Day 1 




3 


2 


2 


2 





4 


Ebenezer Day 1 


2 


4 


2 


5 


3 


2 


4 


Jonathan Dresser 1 




1 








9 


5 


John Evans 


2 


3 


1 


4 




7 


8 


David Evans 1 


2 


8 








9 


8 


Richard Eastman 1 




3 


3 


1 


1 


9 


1 


Joseph Emery 2 


2 


3 




1 






3 


Job Eastman 




1 


2 




1 


7 


1 


William Eaton 1 


2 


2 


1 






2 


2 


Daniel Farrington 1 


2 





2 


2 


1 


14 


3 


Eben r Farnum 1 
















Steph" Farington 1 


2 


3 


1 


4 


2 


10 


5 


John Farington 1 


2 


1 




2 




5 


2 


Putnam Farrington2 


2 


1 




4 








Eben 1 ETessenden 






1 










Joseph Frye 1 


8 


3 


3 


2 


8 


12 


5 


Joseph Frye J r 1 




4 






3 


11 


4 


Simon Frye 1 


2 


5 


1 




3 


12 


3 


Henry Cordon 


2 


2 




2 




2 


2 


Hugh Gordon 




1 










1 


Jon" 1 Lutchins 1 


2 


4 


4 






2 


2 


David Hardy 


2 


2 










3 



176 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Oxen 4 Steers & Ditto 2 Ditto 1 

Horses years old Cows Heiffers 3 years year old Sheep Swine 
& upwards years old old 



Nath" Hutchins 




2 


2 


1 






1 


2 


Jon a Hutchins J r 


1 
















Joshua Hasletine 


2 


2 


o 


2 






5 


3 


Samuel Haywood 






o 












Barns Hasletine 




2 














Stephen Knight 


1 


2 


2 




2 


2 


2 


3 


Joseph Knight 






1 




2 




1 




Benj a Kilgore 


1 


2 


4 




3 


2 


9 


2 


Joseph Kilgore 




2 


2 




1 


2 






Richard Kinibal 


1 


4 


4 




3 


3 


11 


7 


Joseph Lewis 






1 


1 










Nath* Merrill 


1 


2 


8 


5 




2 


7 


4 


Samuel Murry 


1 


2 










1 


1 


Samuel Osgood 


2 


4 


4 


4 


2 


3 


19 


4 


James Osgood 








O 




3 


11 




James Parker 




2 


2 








5 


1 


Caleb Swau 


1 


2 


3 


3 


1 


2 




4 


John Stevens 


1 


2 


2 


2 


3 




8 


2 


James Swan 






2 






2 


6 


1 


William Steel 








2 










Edward Shirly 




2 


2 








4 


3 


Joseph Walker J r 


1 


2 


2 






2 


5 


2 


Ezekiel Walker 


1 


2 


5 


2 


4 


2 


9 


3 


Isaac Walker 


1 


2 


2 


1 


1 


2 


6 


3 


Samuel Walker 


1 


2 


3 




3 


2 


5 


3 


Joseph Walker 3 d 


1 




2 






1 


1 


2 


Samuel Walker J r 


1 




3 




4 




7 


2 


John Walker 




2 


2 






1 


4 




William Wiley 


1 


2 


4 


3 






7 


4 


Benj a Wiley 




2 


2 






2 


7 


4 


James Whitham 




2 


2 


2 


2 


1 


5 


1 


Nath 11 Walker 






2 




2 




1 


2 


Daniel E. Cross 






1 












John Curtis 


1 


1 












1 


Will'" Kimball 


1 






2 






3 





48 



107 



1G2 



66 



73 



61 



340 



154 



Belonging to several of the above Inhabitants ten colts 
Last Spring Folds. 

Moses Ames Joseph Frye J r Selectmen of Fryeburg. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 177 

To the Honorable the Council & House of Representa- 
tives of the State of Massachusetts Bay 

Joseph Noyes of Falmouth in the County of Cumberland 
Humbly Shew that Harrison Gray Esq r late Treasurer of the 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay in the year 1774 Issued 
his Executions against John Starbourd, Josiah Noyes & Isaac 
Ilsley then Delinquent Collectors for the Province Taxes set 
on said town of Falmouth, which Executions were put into 
the Hands of William Tyng, Esq r Sherriff of said County of 
Cumberland and were Discharged in part as will appear by 
said Tyng's Receipts & other papers Notwithstanding the 
said Starbourd Noyes & Ilsley, stands charged with whole 
debts and are now called upon to pay the same to Henry 
Gardner Esq r State Treasurer, therefore pray your Honours 
to take the matter into Considerations & grant them such 
relief as you in your wisdom shall think proper & as in Duty 
Bound shall ever pray Joseph Noyes 

Boston February 2 d 1779 

State of Mass. bay in new Engl d Suffolk S.S. 

At the superior Court of Judicature Court of Assize and 
general goal Delivery begun and held at Boston within & for 
the County of Suffolk on the third Tuesday of February in 
the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and sev- 
enty-nine — 

John Underwood & al Apl tB vs. Ivory Hovey & al Apl ,s 

The Jury find the appellees guilty and assess Damages for 
the appellants six hundred and fifty pounds. 

Judgment that the appellants recover said Sum with cost 
taxed at fifty-three pounds 5/(3 

Copy from the minute book Sam Winthrop Cler. 

Costs of Court £ 53: 5: 6 
650 : 
703: 5: 6 

13 



178 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

In the House of Representatives Feb. 4, 1779. 

The House by ballot made choice of Coll. Edward Grow 
as Naval Officer for the Port of York. 

The House made choice by ballot of Capt. William Nichols 
as Naval Officer for the Port of Goldsborough. 

The House made choice by ballot of Capt. Nicholas Crosby 
as Naval Officer for the Port of Penobscot. 

The House by ballot, made choice of Mr. Thomas Child 

as Naval Officer for the Port of Falmouth. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Pickering Spk r 
In Council Feby 6 th 1779. 

Read and Concurred 

John Avery D Secy 



In the House of Representatives Feb y y e 5, 1779. 

On the Petition of Nathaniel Bridge and others Represent- 
ing to this Court that in the year one Thousand seven Hun- 
dred and seventy one, the General Court granted unto the 
Heirs or legal Representatives of David Phips Esq rs & oth- 
ers, A Township in the Eastern parts of this State on certain 
Conditions set forth in said Petition, and that the Commence- 
ment of the present war made it impossible for them to Com- 
plete the said Conditions ; and Praying that a further Time 
may be Allowed them. 

Resolved that the Prayer of the Petition be granted and 
that they be Allowed the further Term of seven years to 
Complete the Conditions which are Enjoined on them by a 
Resolve of the General Court. 
Sent up for Concurrence 



In Council Feby 5, 1779 
Read & Concurred 



John Pickering Spk r 
John Avery D. Secy. 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 179 

State of Mass. Bay 

In the House of Representatives Feby 6, 1779. 

Upon the Petition of John Murch praying for a confirma- 
tion of Lands therein mentioned 

Resolved that the Petitioner serve the said Wyat Moore 
and the heirs of the said James Moore, deceased, with an 
attested Copy of his petition and this order thereon that they 
may appear if they see fit on the Second Wednesday of the 
first session of the next general Assembly of this State and 
shew Cause if any they have why the prayer of said Peti- 
tioner shall not be granted. 

Sent up for Concurrence 



In Council Feby 8, 1779 
Read & Concurred 



John Pickering Spk r 
John Avery D. Secy. 

Pownalboro Feb y 8 th 1779 
Sir/ 

I received your Letter of Dec r 5 th in which you write me 
that it has been reported to the Hono ble Board that the Masts 
Under My care are in a loose neglected State I can assure 
the Hon ble Board that the report is fictious the masts Lay in 
a close raft froze up in the Dock at Ussatt in Kennebeck ; 
the masts have received damage by laying in fresh water in 
the Sumer. Otherways they are in as Good Order as when 
I first took charge of them. I think that it will be necessary 
to remove the masts from where they now lay into Salt water 
early in the Spring (if the Hono' )l0 Board dont Otherways 
dispose of them) Salt water will prevent theire takeing any 
farther damage if they are removed into it they are a Valua- 
ble interest at Least worth fifteen thousand pounds as masts 



180 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

now Sell heare. I emagin that they Sink in Value one thou- 
sand pounds A Yeare where they now lay in fresh water. 

If the Hono ,,le Board Shoud want any Sort of Lumber 
Masts or spars for the Westenges or Uropean Markets I 
could procure it heare on as Good terms as Can be had in 
any part of the Eastward. You will Send me an answer 
respecting Your Masts. 

I am with due Respect 

Your most Humble Serv* 

Timothy Parsons. 
Samuel Phip Savage Esq r 

President of the Hono bIe Board of War. 

To the Hon ble The General Court of the State of Massa- 
chusetts Bay 

The Address & Petition of the Inhabitants of a place 
Called Narroguages Deeply Impressed with a Sense of the 
Calamities hitherto happen'd in the United States the unhappy 
& Deplorable Circumstances of many parts Occasioned by 
the Arbitrary & Despotic Designs of the British Ministry 
pursued by a Cruel & unnatural Prince & Venial Parliament 
which with the present pertrubation & Anxiety of mind of 
the Inhabitants of this Eastern Country on the Situation of 
these parts, wou'd with all humble submission Approach the 
Supreme Senate of this State, as to an Indulgent & Affec- 
tionate Parent Trusting & Relying that by their Candour, 
Humanity and Wisdom will attend to our Requisition 

Unhappy for us we have not been able from time to time 
to choose in a Legal & Authoritative Capacity a Person in 
whose Fidelity we coud Depend to Lay our Grievances before 
you, tho' we acknowledge with a sense of Gratitude the many 
favors hitherto received from your hands 

The present Exigencies of times this way, compells us to 
Trouble you, as our Situation must appear truly Deplorable, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 181 

shou'd we be necessitated with only our own Strength ; to 
repell the storm we are threatned with from our Enemies. 

Notwithstanding the Indigency of the Country we have 
hitherto Exerted ourselves to the utmost of our power & 
Ability being always ready & willing to attend every Sum- 
mons, particularly when the safety of our Country Depended, 
& always hoped by our Conduct to give such satisfaction as 
to Merit the approbation of our Country but alas we are 
oblig'd to Declare our Poverty and that our Strength is 
Exhausted & a scene of Destruction appears before our Eyes, 
shoud our Enemy make another attempt our Dwellings which 
were always an Assilum for the Stranger & Distressed 
appears in another light, Familys Ragged and Naked & but 
a bear sufficiency of Food to preserve life & that procured 
with Indefatigueable pains & Difficulties, the Lumber Trade 
that we were formerly benefited by is now become as noth- 
ing & the Trifle which we Kept up was by the Excursions 
of the Enemys Cruisers the past Fall Intirely consumed & 
Destroyed so that Destruction & Devastation is too Glaring 
to our View letts turn which way we will 

We have Still Hearts willing & Hands read} 7 to uppose 
our Common Enemy to Defend the Interest, to support the 
Liberty & honour of our Country, but when we consider 
shou'd it only Depend upon ourselves our Spirits shrinks & 
we feel nothing but Anguish & Grief 

The Subscribers Inhabitants of said Narroguages in the 
Easterly part of this Slate have met together and have (as 
agreed upon by a Number of other settlements ) Maturely & 
Delibrately Examin'd into the situation of these Eastern Set- 
tlemeni.s & are but too well acquainted witli their Difficulties, 
which are but too few to what might be mention'd. 

Do now humbly request that your Honours woud take the 
Premisses under your wise Consideration and Grant us Sup- 
port & Relief — That a sufficient Number of Arm'd Ves- 



182 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



sels may be sent on the Coast for the Protection of our 
Trade. That a sufficient Body of Troops with Fortifications 
& Necessaries conformable may be sent to prevent the Ruin 
of so valuable a Country & that an hand of Pity & Compas- 
sion may Extend in Aiding & Assisting with some supply s 
those who by all Human Appearances will Inevitably suffer 
for want for a more particular Decission of our Affairs & 
Situation we Solicit that Col Jn° Allan & Maj r Stillman may 
be heard on our behalf and your Petitioners as in duty bound 
will ever pray 

William Nickels 

Jesse Brown 

Jeremiah S trout 

Ebnezer Small 



John Small 
John Small J r 
Jabez Dornan 
Elisha Small 
Joseph Small 

John Lawrence 

W m Rea 

Daniel Fiket 



Benj a Walles 
Joseph Strout 
John Nickels 
Daniel Small 
Samuel Coson 

Joseph Wallass J r 



Ichabod Will 

his 

James X Grace 

Mark 

Nathaniel Knowles Thomas Strout 
Thomas Armstrong Joseph Wallis 



To the Hon ble The General Court of the State of Massa- 
chusetts Bay. 

The Address & Petition of the Inhabitants of Chandler 
River. Deeply Impress'd with a sense of the Calamities 
hitherto happen'd in the United States, &c [ same as fore- 
going ] 

We solicit that Col° John Allan may be heard on our 
behalf & your Petitioners as in Duty bound will ever pray. 
Joel Whitney Lloyd Killpatrick Jona Knight 

Paul Knight David Watts 

Samuel Watts Jun r Jonathan Barry 
William Jugson Benjamin Jugson 
Jonathan Jugson J r John Fiske 
Samuel Watts Samuel Driscol 
William Hicks francis Comins 



Libbey 
Josiah Weston 
Jonathan Jugson 
Abnar Bacon 
Tomous lebbey 
Andrew Hicks 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



183 



To the Hon We The General Court of the State of Massa- 
chusetts Buy. 

The Address & Petition of the Inhabitants of Union 
River 

Deeply Impress'd with a sense of the calamities hitherto 
happen'd in united States, &c [same as foregoing] 

For a more particular Decission of our affairs and Situa- 
tion we solicit That Co 11 John Allan may be heard on our 
Behalf & your Petitioners as in duty bound will ever pray. 
Sam 1 Jordan George Haslam James M c Farland 

Edward Berry Nathaniel Smith Sam'l Jordan J r 

Thomas M c Farland Thomas Milliken James Clark 
Rogers Googins Martin Gilpatrick 
Allen Hopkins John Murch 
James Rae James Sayward 



Robert Gillpatrick 
John Rae 



To the Hon We The Generell Court of the State of Massa- 
chusetts Bay. 

The Address and Petition of the Inhabitants of the Dis- 
trict of Number four in the Easterly part of this 

State. 

Deeply Impressed with a sense of the Calamity hitherto 
happen'd in the United States &c [same as foregoing] 

.Major George Stilman And your Petitioners in Duty 
bound will ever Pray. 

Alex Campbell Jonathan Stevens the Major part of the 
( lommittee for No. 4. 
Zerah Sprague Josiah Tucker 
Jonathan Dow 
Shubal Ilinkley 
Jeah More 



Saml Kinsly 
Joseph Bracy 
Reuben ( Jross 

Nath 1 X Darbo 

mark 



Isaac Patten 
Eben r Downs 
Joh a Bohanan 
Ebenezer Smith 



Jeremiah Tracy 



184 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In Council Feb* 10, 1779 

Ordered that Benjamin Austin Esq r with such as the Hon- 
orable House shall join be a Committee to Examine the 
accounts of the Committee chosen on the part of the Board 
to Concur & pay of accounts agreeable to a Resolution of 
this Court passed the 30th of May Last and to Inquire into 
the Expenditure of the several sums of money ordered in to 
the hands of said Committee ( since their Last Settlement ) 
for the purpose aforesaid viz: the sum of ,£15,000 by a 
resolve of the 18 th of September Last, and the further sum 
of £ 10,000 by a resolve of the 16 th of October Last and 
make report. 

Sent Down for Concurrence 

John Avery D. Secy 

In the House of Representatives Feby 11, 1779 

Read & Concurred & Mr. Whitney of Sherburne & Capt. 

Batch eldor are joined 

John Pickering Spk r 



Rations due to Capt Nicholas Crosby & Company on the 
Expedition at Machias January 10, 1778. 

RecM due 

Capt. Nicholas Crosby from Octobr 7 to Jan* 10: 282—71=211 

Lieu 1 Joseph Copeland Dto 7 to Jan" 9 : 186—67=119 

Lieu* William Smith Dto 188—49=139 

Ep n William Reed 190—62=128 

Samuell Counce 92—67= 25 

Isaac Turner 92 — 54= 38 

John Waiscutt 93—51= 42 

Tarence M c Mahane 93—55= 38 

Nathan Chapman 94—62= 32 

Joseph Pobadey 92—67= 25 



OP THE STATE OF MA1NK 185 

James Anerson 92 — 67= 25 

William Deckey 92—67= 25 

Thomas Hiscock 94—62= 32 

Benj ra Weatheran 94—62= 32 

Abenor Husey 94—62= 32 

Benj m Chapman 94—62= 32 

Jonathan Rust 94—62= 32 

1) imancl Sargant 94—62= 32 

William Grant 93—54= 39 

Goodwine Grant 93 — 55= 38 

Sam 1 Crage 93—54= 39 

John Crage 93—54= 39 

Benj m Avery 93—51= 42 

Thomas Partaridge 93—54= 39 

Ebenezer Crosby 93—53= 40 

William Weaver 93—54= 39 

John Moore 93—51= 42 

John Day 94—62= 32 

Penobscot February 11 th 1779. 

Captain Nicholas Crosby formerly in the Service stationed 
at & for the defence of Machias ( the year 1777 ) & several 
in this Company when they Left said Machias had not 
received their full rations. The within Roll being duely 
Examined, find there is due to said Capt. Crosby & Compy, 
the amount affixed to their respective names. 

J. Allan 
Colo & Command g officer of the Troops stationed at Machias 



To the Honorable the Council & House of Representatives 
of the State of Massachusetts Ray in General Court assem- 
bled. 

The Memorial of Nicholas Crosby humbly sheweth; that 
he was appointed Capt. of a Company in Col Samuel 



186 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

M c Cobb's regiment for an expedition to St. John's River last 
July ; & that he raised his men at a great expence ; your 
Memorialist therefore humbly prays your Honors would 
allow him the usual consideration for inlisting his men & the 
rations that are due as will appear by the Bill herewith 
exhibited. 

Your Memorialist begs leave further to inform your Hon- 
ors that on the failure of the aforesd expedition he was 
appointed to a captaincy in Col John Allan's Regiment at 
Machias and as there was not a sufficieny of provisions at 
Machias for our back rations which were become due before 
our arrival there said rations are still due : your Memorialist 
therefore prays your Honors would allow him s d rations as 
rjr bill herewith presented. And your Memorialist, as in 
duty bound, shall ever pray &c. Nicholas Crosby 

Boston April 20 th 1778 

To the Honorable the Council and house of Representa- 
tives of the State of the Massachusetts bay In General Court 
assembled The petition of Robert Miller of Fryeburg in 
the County of York in s d State Humbly Sheweth : — 

That he lost an arm in the Service of this State at Louis- 
burg in the year 1745 That he for near Twenty years Rec d 
of the State a pension that for five years past hath not Rec d 
any as he Trusts wholly for want of Application that he is 
unable to do any labour Therefore pray your Honours to 
Take his case into your wise consideration and make him 
such a grant for the five years past/Ending In Jan'y last/as 
you in your great wisdom shall Think proper Towards his 
Support in this advanced age of life and as in duty bound 

shall ever pray 

Robert Miller 
In Council Feb y 17, 1779 

Read & Sent down John Avery D. Secretary 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 187 

Pownalboro' Feb. 18, 1779 

Sir/ 

I heare inclose the deposition of Simeon Woodward 
respecting Abiel Wood of this place which I received the 16 
inst. by Maj r Stillman of Machias, by the Contents thereof 
and the following Circumstances I think that said Abiel 
Wood was Knowing to the Enemies Coming heare after 
Your Ship Gruel and that he Gave the Enemy information 
Respecting her. In April 1777 I Brought a raft of mast 
from Kenebeck to this place for Your Ship Gruels Cargo. 
After the Masts were brought heare Young Tinkham (a 
Brother-in-law of said Woods who liv d with them ) Left this 
place and went to Nova Scotia and there made Oath that he 
Saw the Masts brought heare and that the Ship was Expected 
in to Load when he left this place Upon Which the Enemies 
Ship Milford was Sent heare After her and Came into this 
harbor in June with her hamocks Stoed in her Netings but 
shode no Collers. Mr. Abiel Wood After Viewing her threw 
A Spy Glass the Ship being not half a mile of and being told 
that She was an Enemies Ship Yet he went on board and there 
remained till the Ship Saild from this. In Aug 8t following 
the Enemies Ship Rainbo Sir George Collier Commander 
Came into the mouth of this River or rather Townsend after 
Your Ship Gruel as I then Surpos d Which Must be the time 
Wood was on board her as Menchand in M r Woodward dep- 
osition. After the Rainbo Sail' 1 from Townsend T Observ d 
that the Chanel of the River was perch' 1 Out Up to Your 
Ship Gruel where she lay three miles Above this point. I 
then Surposd Some person who was imploy' 1 by the Enemy 
had don it and thought it prudent to remove Your Ship two 
miles higher Up which I did. M r Wood went for Boston 
the Last of Aug 1 and on his Return home About the Eigh- 
teenth of September Saw Mr. Woodward at Greenland and 
Gave him the information as in his deposition, Mr. Wood 



188 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

has declared that his brother Joseph Tinkham ( who lives at 
Liverpole in Nova Scotia) has bote all the large masts that 
was Got out in Kenebeck River for M r Edward Parry (the 
Mast Contractor ) of Said Parry and Should Said masts be 
taken by the Enemy M r Tinkham would clame an Reward 
them. It is believed heare that Said Wood is in partner 
Ships with said Tinkham, there is papers Log d in the Sec y 
Office Against Said Wood that proves neare the Same thing. 
Sir I think from Wood's Conduct from the beginning of 
this War with England ( the Surcomstances of Young Tink- 
ham Going to Nova Scotia to Give information respecting 
Your Ship Coming heare to loade, Mr. Wood Going on Board 
the Enemies Ship Milford in June 1777 his Going on Board 
the Enemys Ship Rainbo in Aug 8t following When she was 
twenty miles from his house his being Knowing to her Com- 
ing in Againe, the channel being perch d Out his plan to 
Get M r Woodward on Board the Rainbo and his declaring 
that tinkham has bot all the Contract Masts of M r Parry are 
Surficient Surcomstances to make it appeare that Said Wood 
Was Conserned in Giving the Enemy information respecting 
your Ship Gruel. At least his Going twenty miles from home 
by water to Get on Board the Enemies Ship Rainbo and 
there Getting Acquainted with the Cap 1 of her proves his 
Corrosponding with the Enemies of this State and I think 
Mr. Wood would not have Gone So far to See Sir George 
Collier had not he had som intelligence to Give Sir George 
that would be of advantage to the Enemy and thereby Make 
him Self Welcom as he had Never Seen Sir George before, 
Sir, as M r Wood is Under Bonds to this State not to Corre- 
spond with the Enemies of this State and as the Enemies 
Coming heare After Your Ship. Gruel has been attended with 
great Expense to this State Are the reasons why I look on it 
as My duty to troble the Hono ble Board with information 
hopeing that said Wood May thereby be brought to justice. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 189 

("oil" Allan and Maf Stilltnan of Machias informes me that 
M r Woodward is Conductor of the forts there and a man of 
truth they are both in Boston. Sir I can prove by a gentle- 
man of Carrector Mr. Wood declaring that his brother tink- 
ham had Bought all the Contract Masts of Mr. Parry and if 
Mr. Wood is in partner Ship with Tinkham it would be so 
much for his intrest to have the masts taken by the Enemy 
that I should be Afraid that his a leagance to this State 
would not be a Surficient bar to prevent his Giving the 
Enemy information respecting Your Masts should a favora- 
ble Opportunity present if You Should See the papers that 
was Lodg d in the Secretaries Office Respecting Wood's Cor- 
responding with Tinkham You would be better Abbel to 
judge of the matter. Sir I wrote to You the Eight of this 
inst., respecting Your Masts in Kenebeck which I trust You 

have Rec'd. 

I am Sir with due respect 

Your Most Obedient Humble Serv* 

Timothy Parsons. 

l'.S. I believe Mr Wood has papers by him that would 
make the Above Surcomstances Appear Plane Against 
him Could they be had. if anything Should be done with 
Wood Coll" Samuel M'Cobb would be a good man to Exe- 
cute any Orders Respecting him. I feare the ShearifE Con- 
si dering former Connections with Wood would rather favour 

him. T. P. 

Samuel Phips Savage Esq 1 ' 

Presedent of the Hono Me Board of War. 



State of Massachusetts Bay 
In The House of Representatives Feb. 22, 1779 

On The Petition of Stephen Gowen & William Gowen of 
Sanford in the County of York, praying that Samuel Nasson, 



190 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Joanna Nasson & Nicholas Sewall, Administrators of the 
Estate of Brigadier Jotham Moulton may be impowered to 
make & execute a deed of fifty Acres of land in said San- 
ford to them for the Reasons Set forth in their petition. 

Resolved that Samuel Nasson, Joanna Nasson, & Nicolas 
Sewall of York, in the County of York, as Administrators of 
the Estate of Brigadier Jotham Moulton late of said York 
Deceased, be & they are hereby Authorized to make & exe- 
cute a deed of Acquitance or Release, to Stephen Gowen & 
William Gowen of Sanford in the said County of York, of 
fifty Acres of land in Sanford aforesaid, which fifty Acres 
of Land lays in the North Westerly Corner of the Lot called 
the Iron works lot, & is to be bounded as the same was 
run oft' before the decease of the said Moulton, they the said 
Stephen Gowen & William Gowen making good their bar- 
gain to the said Administrators with respect to the paying 
for said land, according to their original Agreement with 
said Moulton as Set forth in their petition. 

Sent up for concurrence 

John Pickering Spkr 
In Council Feb* 22, 1779 

Read & Concurred John Avery D. Secy 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Feb. 26, 1779 
on the Petition of Mary Wallingford of Somersworth in the 
County of Strafford & State of New Hampshire Sole Exec- 
utrix of the last will & Testament of her late Dec d Husband, 
Ebenezer Wallingford of Somersworth Aforesaid Gentleman 
Representing & proving the same by a certificate from the 
Register of the Court of Probate for the said County of 
Strafford that the said Testator's Personal Estate is insuffi- 
cient to pay the debts, Therefore Praying that She may have 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 191 

the benefit of the Laws of this State, with respect to the 
Sale of Lands for the payment of debts, as fully & amply 
as if the Testator had dwelt in this State at the time of his 
decease, as he owned at that time a large Quantity of land 
in the County of York in this State. 

Resolved that the Justices of the Superiour Court of Judi- 
cature or the Justices of the inferior Court of common pleas 
for the County of York lie & they are hereby Authorized & 
impowered to grant licence & authority to the said Mary 
Wallingford, to sell lands in the county of York in this state, 
for the payment of the Testator's debts, in as full & ample 
a manner as they might have done by the Statutes made in 
the years of our Lord 1696 & 1770, as if the said Ebenezer 
Wallingford had dwelt in any Town in this State at the time 
of his decease, She conforming to the directions of the Laws 
of this State which respect the sale of Lands under license 
of the Superior Court. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Pickering Spk r 

To the Honourable the great & General Court of the 
state of the Massachusetts Bay now setting at Boston. 

The memorial of James Sullivan in behalf of himself and 
a great Number of persons Inhabitants of the County of 
York Humbly shews 

That he has lately seen a Petition which has been preferred 
to your Honours, by a Dumber of Persons Inhabitants of the 
same county, praying that your Honours would grant them, 
lor the reasons therein mentioned, a Tract of Land nine 
miles square on the south side of Saco and great Ossipee 
Rivers, or in some other place of equal extent, adjacent, or 
mar the same Land. 

n«>t to mention the Petitioners parfiallity to themselves in 
praying that Lands may be granted to them, in exclusion of 



192 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

their Brethren there, in the same predicament — and the 
many false & cruel Slanders privately Committed not only 
against the. Title but the character of your Memorialist in 
this respect he begs leave to inform you, that in the year one 
thousand six hundred and sixty four one Francis Small pur- 
chased of Sunday an Indian Sachem a Tract of Land, 
bounded by Saco River upon the East side, Piscatawa River 
on the West side, great Ossipee River on the north side, and 
Little Ossipee River on the south side, which Tract in the 
Deed is called Twenty miles square but on surveys is found 
to contain not more than about one quarter part of that 
quantity, that the said Small there built an House and fort 
there Inhabiting and Trading with the Indians till driven off 
by the wars, previous to which he sold one-half of the said 
purchase to Major Nicholas Shapleigh, and in the year A. D. 
1711 conveyed the Residue by Deed to his son Samuel Small 
of Kittery whose heirs have been ever since Lawfully seized 
and possessed of these same Lands, together with the heirs 
of the said Shapleigh and have on two Trials had verdicts in 
their favor and never one against them, as may appear from 
the public Records kept in the same building where your 
Honours Set, these Verdicts as may be proved from the Tes- 
timony of men of the first Character now here in Town were 
obtained on the most serious disputation. 

that purchases from Indians have been allowable in this 
Government appears from many of the standing Laws as 
well as from those public Records which prove that every 
considerable part of the Lands in this State were originally 
purchased of that People. 

There being now on the Land above described more than 
one hundred Inhabitants (of the heirs and assigns of the said 
Small & Shapleigh) many Persons having no doubt of the 
authenticy of the said Title have purchased therein for a 
valuable Consideration, and made great improvements on the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 193 

same and have within a few Days past sent your memorialist 
a Petition to present to your Honours to Cause them to be 
Incorporated and which the important business now pending 
induced him to defer till the next session. 

All the facts before mentioned your Memorialist shall, as 
lie regards his character, hold himself oblig'd to prove, when 
and where your Honours shall order ; and though he holds 
that part of the constitution which provides, that no man 
shall be destroyed imprisoned or disseized of his freehold 
without Lawful Trial by a Jury to be the Dearest right 
under Community and though the Government may suppose 
themselves Interested against him, yet he will cheerfully sub- 
mit the decision of his Title to you, and has no doubt but 
that the other persons Interested with him will do the same, 
and takes this opportunity to express his wishes that Govern- 
ment would in mercy to the Eastern part of the State take 
measures for the settlement of interfering Titles there. 

however good the right of the Government may be to the 
Lands petitioned for, your memorialist humbly hopes that 
your honours will not without due notice given, ruin a great 
number of families by granting the Land under their feet 
subdued by their painful Labours, and the houses over their 
heads raised by honest industry to shelter them from the 
weather, thereby giving them the expense of Trying whether 
Government can grant Lands not in their own possession a 
practice which the Law most Solemnly forbids in Individuals. 

It is true that there are a considerable number of signers 
to the petition aforementioned and as true that there may be 
obtained as great a number to the most Airy and fantastical 
scheme, when a thirst for popularity or gain shall set it on 

lout. 

Upon this State of the matter your memorialist conceives 
that your Honours giving Countenance to the report in the 
next session when he shall be absent on the Western Circuit 

14 



194 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

to rob him of bis Interest which indeed is the plan openly 

avowed before the House — and to be an engine in the hands 

of wicked men to encourage Trespasses, and promote Law 

Suits — wherefore your Memorialist most humbly prays that 

the same petition may be dismissed or that this memorial may 

be laid on the files not only with the same Petition but 

annexed thereunto that no undue advantage may be Again 

taken of him in his absence and he will ever pray 

Boston February 27 th 1779 

Ja Sullivan 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Feb'y 20, 1779 Upon the 
Petition of Joseph Noyes in Behalfe of John Starbourd, 
Josiah Noyes & Isaac Ilsey 

Whereas it appears by a Receipt sign'd W m Tyng Sheriff, 
dated 27 th July 1774, that he then Rec'd of John Starbourd 
the sum of fifteen pounds & by an Affidavit of Peter Babb 
that he saw sometime in the Winter 1774, John Starbourd 
pay to the said W m Tyng about forty pounds & the said 
Tyng give a Receipt for the sum upon the back of the Exe- 
cution, neither of w ch sums appears to have been enter'd upon 
the books of the late Treasurer Gray. 

And Whereas by a Receipt signed W m Tyng, Sheriff, dated 
March the 7 th 1774, it appears that Isaac Ilsley paid the said 
Tyng Ninety-one pounds 11/10 in full for his share of the 
Taxes And Whereas there appears a deed of 80 Acres of 
Land dated 11 th Septern* 1773, to the said W m Tyng for the 
sum of One Hundred & Sixty pounds w ch was in part of 
said Noyes proportion of Taxes & Joseph Noyes is ready to 
take oath that the sum of fifty four pounds 7/ the Bal c was 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 195 

paid the said Tyng in full for the share of the Taxes Josiah 
Noyes had to Collect Therefore Resolved 

That the Treasurer be & he hereby is Directed to discharge 
the said Isaac Ilsley & charge the sum of 91. 11. 10. (w cU 
was paid by him to W m Tyng Esq 1 ) together with the charge 
of execution to the Estate of Harrison Gray Esq., State 
Treasurer, and also to discharge the said John Starbourd to 
the amount of fifty-five pounds the two sums paid by him to 
\V m Tyng Esq., & that they be charged to the Estate of Har- 
rison Gray Esq., State Treasurer. 

Also discharge Josiah Noyes for the sum of Two hundred 
& fourteen pounds 7/ & charge to the Estate of Harrison 
Gray Esq., State Treasurer the sum of fifty four pounds 7/ 
& the charges of the Execution against the said Josiah 
Noyes — and it is Further Resolved that the Eighty Acres 
of Land, sold by Josiah Noyes to W m Tyng Esq., Sherif, for 
the Bal c of .£160, due from the said Noyes to this State as 
p r Deed dated the 11 th Sept. 1773, & Recorded in 8 th Book 
of the Records for the County of Cumberland Folio 197, — 
be and it hereby is considered as belonging to this State, and 
as such be sold to the highest Bidder upon [ the same ] and 
the money arrising be immediately after the sale paid into 
the Treasury of this State. 



The Committee of both Houses appointed to Examine the 
Accounts of the Committee chosen the 3d May last to con- 
cur & pay Acct 8 have attended that Service & beg leave to 
report — Viz* 

Your Coiiini'"' find upon the last Settlement of the said 
( lommittees acct 8 the 15 th Oct b last there was a Ballance due 
from them of one pound, seventeen shillings & Six pence 
three farthings since which the said Committee have received 



196 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

by a Warr* from the Council agreeable to a Resolve of the 
General Court of the 18 th Sept. last fifteen thousand pounds 
and by another resolve of the 16 Oct r last Ten thousand 
pounds in the whole Twenty five thousand pounds. And your 
Committee find by Vouchers produced & allowed by the 
Committee of the House & concurred & paid by the Com- 
mittee of the Board the Sum of Twenty-five thousand & 
twelve pounds Eight Shillings & five pence paid as aforesaid 
which after deducting the aforesaid Ballance of <£1 : 17 : 6^ 
due from the Com tee on the last settlement leaves a Ballance 
of Ten pounds ten shillings & ten pence one farthing due to 
the said Committee, and your Committee farther report as 
their opinion that the Committee for paying Acc^ have 
accounted for the above Sum of Twenty five thousand pounds 
rec'd of the Treasurer of the State the 18 th Septem b & 16 th 
Oct. last & ought to be discharged of said sum, and your 
Committee beg leave to report the following Resolve which 

is submitted 

Benj Austin g order 

Resolved that the Committee of Council chosen to receive 
examine & pay Acct 8 for services done in consequence of a 
Resolve of the General Court the 30 th May 1778 Viz 1 Jabez 
Fisher, Benjamin White & Daniel Davis Esq r be & they are 
hereby discharged of the sum of Twenty-five thousand 
pounds which they received by warrants on the Treasurer of 
this State on the 18 th Sept. & 16 Oct. last as aforesaid. 

In council Feb* 27. 1779. 

Read & Accepted. 

Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery D. Secy. 

In the House of Representatives Feby 27, 1779. 

Read & Concurred 

John Pickering Spk r 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 197 

The Committee appointed by the Great & General Court 
at their Session in Boston in Feb y 1774 (upon the petition 
of Noah Johnson & Associates in said petition mention 6 ) to 
Inquire into the Sufferings ;md make out & return a list of 
the Suffering, having Notify'd Met & fully heard, said Suf- 
ferers as Directed by said Courts, Report the following List 
and their Sufferings as to their names Annexed ( Viz 1 ) 

Cap* Joseph Baker l/% of a Wright & on the Right of Far- 
well yi : John & Nehemiah Lovewell l /% D° : Joseph Brown 
of Suncook 1 Wright ; David Abbott of Andover y ; John 
McNeal his heirs 1 ; John Whittemore's Heirs & Thos. Rich- 
ardson 1 ; Henry Lovejoy his sons David & Caleb \y> ; 
Thomas Russ y ; Saml Gait y ; Bravarter Gray y Abner 
Gordon ^$1 =; Jonathan Frye's Heirs 1; Andrew Gait 1 ; 
William Hox 1 ; Samuel Abbott 1 ; Moses Tyler 1% ; Rich- 
ard Eastman 2 ; Jonathan Pollard 1 ; Danforth Keyes 1 ; 
Ephriam Blunt 1 ; Philemon Chandler j4 ', Josiah Johnson 
y ; David Abbott 1 ; Andrew Brenton \y ; Stephen Ames 
y ; Thomas Harrod l / 2 ', Patrick Gait 1 ; Samuel Mooar y 
Job Abbot's Heirs 1; Noah Johnson 3; Asa Foster 2*4 
Jonathan Merrill y ; John Chamberlain y ; Benj n Holt 3 
John Nox \y 2 ; Benj" Ballard y ; James Cunningham y 2 
Robert Mooar 1 ; Francis Doyne 1 ; James M c hard y 
Sam 11 M c Connil y Beside 4 Dollars to be paid him by Cap 1 
.1" eph Baker; John White y 2 ; Aaron Whittemore iy ; 
Joseph Hall, David & John Evers & Benj a Thompson Esq r 
y ; John Man y ; David Chandler 2; .James Burbean's 
Heirs 2 ; Ambros Gould y ; Isaac Sterns 1 ; Benj" Johnson 
1; Josiah Turtle y ; Daniel Wood y ; Isaac Lakin 1 
Ehseiy Barron y ; Nathan Adams 2 ; Jacob Fulleson y 
Stephen Holt 1 ; Joshua Collin Esq r 1 : Jonathan Ayer 1 
W m Nathan Holt 1; W"' John Bamarda Heirs 1; Sam 1 Phil- 
lips .Joseph Gerrish Jonathan Webster. 



198 DOCUMENTARY HISTOItY 

To the Hon ,)le the Council and Hon ble House of Repre- 
sentatives of the State of Massachusetts Bay in General 
Court Assembled April 1779. 

The Petition of the Inhabitants of a Plantation called 
Cambden and of other adjacent Towns Humbly shew 

That your petitioners are greatly distressed by the Enemies 
Ships who are frequently hovering in and about their Har- 
bours, and often taking Vessels within Sight of the Shore, 
Several of their Vessels were lately taken by two Sloops of 
War, one a Schooner loaded with lime bound for Boston, And 
your petitioners and their Settlements will be entirely 
ruined unless some measures are taken for their protection. 

They therefore humbly pray your Honors would be pleased 
to take their distressed case into your serious and Compas- 
sionate Consideration, and relieve them in such a way and 
manner as to your Honors may seem meet. 

And as in duty bound shall pray 

James Minot Elisha Snow of Thomaston 

Abraham Ogier Israel Jordan Robert Thorndike 

John Mathers John Groves David Crouch 

John Ballard J r Sam 1 Brown Abraham Jones 

Haunce Robinson Meduncook Plantation James Jones 
Joseph Robinson Cornelius Bradford John Gordon 
Alexander Hathhorn William Smith William Simonton 
George Young Alexander Jameson James Simonton 
William Young Ebenezer Jameson Paul Thorndike 
John Robinson Samuel Davis William Gregory 

Ja. Br John Davis Barak Bucklin 

Joshua Bradford Thomas Mace Isaac Washburn 

Tho 8 Mace Tho 8 Spring J. Toleman 

Isrel Lowet 

Meduncook Plantation 

Sighners — Daniel Howard, John Hathorn. 

Referred to the General Court Mch 17, 1779. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 199 

To the Hon ble Council And the Hon ble house of Repre- 
sentatives of the Massachusetts State — in Gen 1 Court 
Assembled 

The Petition of Richard Lombard of Gorham Humbly 
Sheweth 

That your Petitioner (Haveing the Command of a Com- 
pany in s a Gorham at the time Falmouth was Burnt by the 
Enemy) Rec d orders directly from Col Peter Noyes (then 
Major) To repair forthwith to s d Falmouth with half his 
company Equipt with arms, Ammunition, Provisions & 
Entrenching Tools in order to assist in fortifying the Town, 
which orders your Petitioner immediately complied with as 
far as was in his power, And marcht the men there whose 
names are on the roll herewith Exhibited. And there 
Labour'd the number of days set down in said Roll. And 
as neither your Petitionor nor either of the men who was 
under him have ever yet received any pay for the same, He 
therefore prays your Honors would allow (at least) so much 
as the footing of the Roll herewith Exhibited which sum 
your honors must be sencible is very low wages as money 
now goes. Your petitioner also prays your Honors would 
order pay for an Iron Shovel that was Stolen from one of his 
men while att Falmouth on the works, if your Honors should 
see fit to Grant the money above requested your petitioner 
prays it may be orderd into the hands of Col Edmund Phin- 
ii<\ . And your petitioner as in Duty bound will ever Pray. 

Gorham March 2<) ,h 1779. Richard Lombard 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

To the Hon Me the Council and House of Representatives 
for said State 

March 27 th 1779. 

The Petition of Thomas Dinsmore of Pownalborough in 
the County of Lincoln, Husbandman, humbly Sheweth: — 



200 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

That in the year 1765, at the Request of Doctor Silvester 
Gardiner of Boston, he removed with his Family from the 
Western Part of this State to settle upon two hundred acres 
of Land, belonging to the said Doctor Gardiner, lying upon 
Swan-Island in Kennebeck River, and within the said Town 
of Pownalborough. That your Petitioner though a stranger 
to the Doctor, without Deed or Lease, or any security, other 
than his bare word & promise (which he did not always per- 
form) settled upon said two hundred acres which was then 
a Wilderness, except about three acres, which had before 
been partly clear'd, and upon which stood the remains of an 
Old house, without Doors, Floors or chimneys, which your 
Petitioner chiefly at his own Expence repair'd, and in which 
he lived five or six years. That in the year 1770 the Doctor 
proposed to your Petitioner to take a Lease of the said two 
hundred Acres of Land for eight years, promising your Peti- 
tioner to build an house thereupon at his own Expence, and 
as a further Encouragement to your Petitioner to take a 
Lease, to give him two hundred acres of Land upon the 
River, and that after the Expiration of the Lease, he might 
continue upon the premises, as long as he pleased. That 
your Petitioner knowing that unless he comply'd with the 
Doctor's Proposal of taking a Lease he should be compelled 
to leave the premises, without any Reward for what he had 
done upon the Land for five years before, and having some 
Expectation That the Doctor would perform what he had 
promised was induced to take a Lease, which was executed 
on the twenty fifth day of March 1770, for the Term of 
eight years. That your Petitioner did not read the Lease 
himself before it was executed, but trusted to M r Will" 1 Gar- 
diner, a Son of the Doctor, to read it to him, which he read, 
not as was written, and thereby your Petitioner was deceived 
and imposed upon, and was prohibited from cutting any Pine 
or Oak trees upon the Premises, and was oblidged to be at 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 201 

the Trouble and Expence of hauling all the Timber, Boards 
Stones and other Materials, for any Buildings that the Doc- 
tor might erect upon the premises, which your Petitioner 
never agreed to, or heard of, till he had executed the Lease, 
and at the same Time the Doctor was not, on his Part, bound 
or oblidged to do or perform any one Thing (save the finding 
a little hay seed) towards clearing his own Land, or to assist 
your Petitioner, notwithstanding his repeated promises. 
That besides the clearing, improving & fencing the Land, 
the Expence he has been at in hauling Boards, Timber & 
other Materials for an house & barn, and in hauling Rocks & 
digging and stoning the cellar, will fall but little short of the 
Expences the Doctor has been at in erecting those Buildings. 
The house being not half finished outside or in your Peti- 
tioner has also at his own Expence dug & stoned a Well, 
erected a small store house upon the Premises, and made an 
addition to the Barn. 

Thus has your Petitioner been employed for fourteen years 
past in clearing & subduing this Farm, at great Expence and 
with great Labour and Pains ; and having a large Family, 
and nothing to depend upon for their Support but the Prod- 
uce of the Land, he was exposed to and Suffered many 
Hardships, for all which he expected upon the Promise of 
the Doctor to have had some Recompense, at least two hun- 
dred Acres of Land upon Kennebeck River, besides continu- 
ing upon said Farm for several years after the Expiration of 
id'' Lease. But now your Petitioner apprehends that he is 
in Danger of being turned off the Premises & of wholly 
loosing all he lias done upon said Land for fourteen years 
past, without any prospect of ever receiving any Recom- 
pense, as he had just Reasons to expect, which will be very 
hard and [njurous to your Petitioner. Wherefore your Peti- 
tioner humbly prays your Honors to take his case into your 
wise Consideration and to Grant him Relief, by permitting 



202 DOCUMENTAKY HISTOItY 

him to purchase the said Farm, together also with one half 
of a small Island lying near thereto containing about thirty- 
seven acres in the whole, called Little Swan Island, which 
was also leased to your Petitioner, and which has been cleared 
by him, which he is willing to do at such a Rate as shall be 
determin'd upon (after taking into Consideration the several 
Circumstances mentioned in this Petition) by any Number of 
Judicious, disinterested Men whom your Honors may appoint 
in this Neighborhood, and till then, that your Honors would 
permit him to continue on the premises in Manner as he has 
heretofore done, without being held to pay any Rent, which 
your Honors cannot think under these Circumstances he 
ought to pay, or that he may be relieved in any other way, 
as to your Honors shall seem most expedient. 
And your Petitioner as in Duty bound &c 

Thomas Dinsmore 



Penobscot March 28 th 1779. 
Sir 

The Distressing Situation of the Inhabitants of this River, 
is the Occasion of my Troubling your Honour with this Letter 

The major part of the Inhabitants are almost Destitute of 
the Common Supports of nature and some famillies are 
intirely Destitute and in a Starving Condition & will Ineviet- 
ably Starve unless they have some speedy Relief The River 
is Blocked up by British Cruizers not a vessell within six 
weeks past has got in from the westward and all Recourse 
cut of Two Vessells Loaded with Provisions and Necessarys 
( to a great Value ) which was coming here for their Relief 
& the Support of the Indians has been taken within this Ten 
Days 

The Indians are in a very bad Situation for want of the 
Common necessarys of Life and unless they can be supply'd 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 203 

by us they will unavoidably go to our Enemy which will be 
of bad Consequence to us as Inhabitants and to ye United 
States in General to loose their Alliance, which I Apprehend 
will be the Case unless some method is taken to Cleare the 
Coast of those Cruizers Am much afraid that the whole of 
the Eastern Country will fall into their hands this summer 
unless some Speedy method is taken to prevent it They 
Threaten to force a Trade with us this Summer for Lumber 
to Carry to Halifax to Build & Repair their Fortresses 

Your Honour may be sensible that the Lumber Trade in 
this Eastern Country is very Large & If that Trade is cut of 
by the Enemy the loss of it to the State will be great. 

I hope your Honours will Consider us and Direct us in a 
method to gain some Relief in this our helpless Condition. 

If nothing is done to Clear this Coast that vessells may 
come from the westward to Trade with us and bring us Sup- 
plys as usual I am affraid that Famine and Slavery to the 
British nation will be the Consequence with the Inhabitants 
of this Eastern Country. 

I am Sir With the Greatest Respect 

Your Honours most Obedient Humble Servants 

Jon a Lowder, 
L* Col° To Penobscott Reg 1 of Militia & Truckmaster to the 
Tribe of Penobscot Indians 

To the Hon ble The President of y e Council State of Massa- 
chusetts Bay 

In Council April 23 rd 1779. 

Read & Sent down .John Avery D. Secy. 

War Office 30 March 1779. 
M r . Tim" Parsons 

It being represented to the Board that the masts under 

your care now Lying in Kennebeck Uiver are in too exposed 



204 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

a situation, and that the Water in which they Lay is for the 
greater part of the year, so fresh as to be detrimental to the 
timber, to obviate this inconvenience we are to request you 
would cause the Said Masts & Spars to be removed to a 
place of more safety & convenience. The charges arising 
the Board will repay and make you a reasonable allowance 
for your trouble. 

We are Sir with Respect your humble Serv t8 
By order of ye Board 
(Signed) Saml Phips Savage. 



D r the State of Massachusetts Bay to Committee of Bid- 

deford 
Mar. 30. To advertising, expences, dinner and other 

charges .£37: 5: 4 

May 29 To Mr. Nicholas Smith's Journey to York to 

search the records &c &c 
C r By 6 acres of Land & ^ of a Barn, leased to M r 

Thomas Donnell 60 : 

By ^ of a dwelling house leased to Selectmen of 

Biddef ord 7 : 

By 10 acres of Land leased to M r Jerem h Emery 1 : 16 



£68: 16 
37: 5: 4 



By order of the Committee Nicholas Smith 31 : 10 : 8 

York SS. Oct r 15 tb 1779. The above account being pre- 
sented to probate Court, and being sworn to, and found to 
be well vouched and right cast, the same is allowed, and find 
balance due to be thirty one Pound ten Shillings and eight 

pence. 

Joseph Simpson, Judge of Probate. 

Copied from the original by Daniel Sewall, Reg r . 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 205 

Jonathan Bryant of Lawfull age Testifieth & saith that 
for the } r ear 1756 he came to Swan Island and work d on s d 
Island at times for severall years & was well acquainted with 
the Circumstances of the whole at Swan Island and in the 
year 1765 M r Tho 8 Dinsmore Settled on about two hundred 
acres belonging to Doctor Silvester Gardiner and that when 
he went on Thir was not more than Three accres clear* 1 and 
that only partly clear d and a small house without flores, doors 
or chimne, and that what Improvement has been maid Sence 
has been Don by Mr. Dinsmore Excepting the Doctor built 
a house & Barn In part & not yet finish* 1 and that the store 
house well and addition to the Barn was all Don by M r 
Dinsmore within two years past 

Pownalborough March 30 th 1779 

Jon a Bryant 

Lincoln SS. April 1, 1779. Then the said Jonathan Bry- 
ant made oath to the Truth of the aforevvritten Deposition 
by him Subscribed. 

Before me 

Jon. Bowman Just. Peace. 



Thomas Dinsmore Ju r and Asa Dinsmore Both of Lawfnll 
age Testifieth and saith that in the year 1765 our father 
Thomas Dinsmore Removed with his family from the westerd 
& settled on a lot of Doctor Gardner on Swan Island which 
was then wholly an unimproved thicket except nere about 
Three acres across partly cleared and part of a small house 
on it without a More doar or chimney which our father put 
into Hepare on his one Expense excep finding Boards and 
Bricks and mason and all the Improvment maid on said 
farm for fourteen years past from this Date 1779 our father 
has Don at his own Labre and expence finding his own tools 
& utensils and when the Doctor built an other house \ Barn 



206 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

that our father hailed all the timber Boards, Stone, Brick 
and all materials for the Buildings & Dug the Sellar all 
which Labor never was paid for & I Thomas Dinsmore 
heard the Doctor say that evry sons should all have one 
hundred acres each for Incuragement for said he I've Land 
enough and we know that all the addition as to the Barn 
Store house and wells we did on our own coast all so heard 
the Doctor say that our Father Should never be put off from 
the Farm his Lifetime or his chilldren after him. 

Thomas Dinsmore Asa Dinsmore 
Lincoln SS. April 1, 1779. Then the said Thomas Dins- 
more & Asa Dinsmore made oath to the truth of the afore- 
written Deposition by them subscribed. 

Before me, 

Jon a Bowman, Just. Peace. 



State Massachusetts Bay 

To the honorable the council of said State. 

The Petition of Barbara Ross wife of Thomas Ross late 
of Falmouth in the county of Cumberland, and Esther Mar- 
tin wife of John Martin late of said Falmouth humbly shews 

That their said Husbands now Resident at New York are 
of the number of those lately prohibited by law from return- 
ing to this State : That their said Husbands have signified 
their desire that they would come to them with their chil- 
dren, and that they are desirous of going to their said Hus- 
bands if leave can be obtained for that purpose. 

Wherefore they humbly pray your honors that they may 
be permitted to procure a vessell and hands at Falmouth or 
elsewhere to be under the direction & inspection of such per- 
son or persons as your honors shall think proper to appoint, 
and to proceed in said vessell with a flagg with their chil- 
dren wearing apparel Bedding linnen Household furniture to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 207 

said New York and your petitioners as in duty bound shall 

ever pray &c. 

Barbaree Ross 

Estear Martin. 



To the Great and General Court of the Massachusetts Bay 

in New England. 

That your Petitioner Elizabeth Lines Late husband, Den- 
nis Lines inlisted into the Continantal army in 1776 : and 
was Killed, in the Battle, when New York was taken, and 
your Petitioner Left in a most Deplorable Condition & with 
Ten childrean, seven at home with me, two of which since 
hath inlisted, into the Continantal Sarvice, and as soon as 
they ware about 16 or 17 years of age and they Continaue 
there now if alive Viz th Joseph & Daniel Lines, & I have 
two sons younger, one about 7 years old, & the rest daugh- 
ters three of which is young, three is Gon into familys for a 
living, the rest with me & I have had no help since my 
husban Listed, and I am in the utmost Distress for every 
comfort of Life, both for Vettels, and cloaths, and as my Late 
husban the Stay and Support, of my family, being Killed in 
the Defence of his Country & two sons now in the Sarvice 
& I & my childreen now at home a perishing for want of 
Vettels, and cloaths, is very hard, and there is no bread, 
meat, nor cloaths to be got here, for me, on any account, 
Whatever that I can hearof, or Get, and many hundreds are 
now almost Starved, and without some Speedy helpe & 
Releaf, my Childreen & I must Die — we are so weak now 
can hardly Goe about I have Applied to two of the Select- 
men but can have no help there they say they have not Gott 
it Neither can they Geet any, it is not to be had &c. There- 
fore I most humbly pray and intreet your Honours to lake 
my Deplorable and Distressed Curcomstances into your wise 
Consideration and Eteleave me and my Family as your lion- 



208 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ours in your Great Wisdom shall think proper and as in 
Duty Bound shall ever Pray. 

Elizabeth Lines. 
Pownalborough West Precinct, Ap 1 3 rd 1779. 



Falm April 5, 1779. 
Sir 

Your favour of the 26 th ult° came safe to hand by the 
post, and I am now on the behalf of Mrs. Ross and Mrs. 
Martin to thank you for the trouble you have taken, and the 
kind assurance you give that you will take further particular 
care of the affair. You will also please to give my compli- 
ments to the president of the council & thank him for laying 
the petition before them. I now agreeable to your directions 
send you the names of the petitioners children viz : Mrs. 
Barbara Ross's wife of Thomas Ross Margaret Ross, 15 
years old Barbara Ross 13 Thomas Ross 10 Elizabeth Tyng 
Ross 8 John Ross 7 William Ross 12 Joanna Jordan her 
maid M r8 Esther Martin's wife of John Martin John Martin 
a bt 10 years Enoch Martin 6 William Martin 4 Mary Mar- 
tin 2. 

They have wrote by this opportunity to Capt. Joseph 
Noyes, to procure his Schooner the Dolphin burthened about 
28 Tons, & I have also desired him to let you know if he has 
consented to let her go & if so to have her Name inserted in 
the order or permit of the council. The hands to go are 
Arthur M c lellan Master, William Gooding, Zechariah Baker 
and Benjamin Swan. 

I have already engaged M r Waldo Marsh at Cape issick to 
M r Stephen Riggs, but it is very probable you may have part 
of it from him, as I think you had last year. 

I am Sir with due respect your most obedient Hum ble 
Servant. Theop. Bradbury 

Hon. Jed. Preble Esq. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 209 

The petitioners would be very glad the permit or order of 
council might lie sent in Capt. Noyes' Schooner above men- 
tioned by which this goes 

K.i tract of Letter from Jer. Powell. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber April 7 th 1779 
Gentlemen of the House of Representatives 

It appears from the Petition of the Inhabitants of a Plan- 
tation Called Cambden as also from Col Allans State of 
Affairs on the Eastern Shores of this State that the Inhabi- 
tants there are greatly distressed by the Enemies Armed Ves- 
sells frequently hovering in & about their Harbours, making 
Depredations a Shore & taking their Vessels within their 
sight. We recommend to your Consideration the adopting 
some measures to afford them some speedy & effectual sup- 
port & Protection and we would submit it to your Consid- 
eration whether instead of employing the armed Vessells 
belonging to this State in long cruises after prizes, it would 
not have been vastly more for the Advantage & profit of this 
state to have had them improved in cruising upon this Coast 
for the Protection of the Trade & the Defence of our Har- 
bours upon the Sea Coasts which have been left in such an 
unguarded & defenceless situation that where we have taken 
one Vessell from the Enemy their small Privateers out of 
New York have taken Ten from us, in short they have of 
late, from our unguarded situation been Emboldened freely 
to cruise about in our Bay & have taken a number of our 
Vessels just as (hey were entering into, or going out of our 
Ports. This is become a matter of a Very serious nature & 
demands your closest attention more especially at this Time, 
for us the Enemy's army is considerably diminished & they 
are uol in force to meet us in the field it is highly probable 

I.-. 



210 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

they will exert every nerve to distress us by making depre- 
dations upon our Trade and upon our Sea Coasts. 



To the Honorable the Council and House of Representatives 

of the State of the Massachusetts Bay in General Court 

assembled at Boston April the 7 th 1779. 

The Petition of Timothy Walker J r on behalf of himself 
and associates humbly shevveth 

That in February 1774 your Petitioners obtained of the 
General Court of this then Province, a Grant of a Township 
of the contents of seven miles square on Amoscoggin River 
by way of compensation for the Trouble and Expence that 
they and their Ancesters had been at in endeavouring to 
defend and finally repurchasing a Township formerly pur- 
chased by them of this then Province at a Place called Pen- 
nicook on Merrimack River, on certain Conditions some of 
which were the following viz* That your Petitioners returned 
into the Secretary's office here a Plan of the granted Prem- 
ises by a Surveyor and chainmen under Oath within a year 
from the Grant as also a List of the Sufferers who were to 
be benefited thereby, certified by a Committee appointed by 
the said Court to enquire into and asertain the same, which 
conditions your Petitioners punctually complied with within 
the limited Term, but by the great confusion which this 
metropolis was very soon after thrown into, the said Papers 
were lost, and the Surveyor who drew and returned the Plan 
is dead, whereupon your Petitioners have been at the 
expence of procuring a new Plan of the Premises which 
together with the List of Grantees, certified by the major 
part of the Committee (who still Survive) your Petitioners 
pray you will please to accept instead of that formerly 
returned but lost. And whereas the Term allowed for set- 
tlement will expire next February and the efforts of your 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 211 

Grantees have been so intirely taken up in the general 
defence of the Country during the present distressing War 
as to render them uncapable of making the least advance 
towards compleating the same, the} r therefore pray that the 
said Period may be extended to such future Day as your 
Honours shall please to appoint, and also that you would 
appoint some suitable Person to warn a Meeting of said 
Grantees at such place and in such manner as you may judge 
legal, in order to adjust accounts of past expenses and transact 
any other matter or thing necessary to forward the Settle- 
ment of the said Township, and also to order where and how 
future Meetings, of the said Grantees, shall be warned, and 
your Petitioner as in duty bound will ever pray etc. 

Timothy Walker Jun r 

The Subscriber one of grantees interested in y e above 
Petition begs leave to Inform y e Honorable Court that more 
than three quarters of y e grantees live at Concord N. Hamp- 
shire near one Hundred miles distant from y e land granted & 
mostly through woods & near forty miles from y e nearest 
town in this State so that it would save a great expense of 
time & trouble in traveling if the Court should think it 
expedient to Impower y e grantees to hold their meetings at 
Concord until a sutable number of Inhabitants are settled 
upon y e land to render it convenient to hold these meetings 
upon the spot, which point he submits to your Honours bet- 
ter judgment. 

Your obedient Humble Serv' 

Tim Walker 
Coll. Baldwin Maj. Hesmer Coll. Hutchinson 
Ap 1 9, 1779. 



The Committee appointed by the Great & General Court 
at their Session in Boston February 1774 (upon the Petition 



212 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



of Timothy Walker Jun r and Assoc 


iates ) to inquire 


into the 


Sufferings and make out & return 


a List of such Sufferers, 


having Notified met & 


fully 


heard said Sufferers, as 


directed 


by said Court, Report 


the f 


blowing 


List of Names to whom 


Rights are to be assigned viz 1 






Timothy Walker Jun r 


of Concord, 


N. H. Three 


Rights 


George Abbott 


of 


Do 


Two 


Do 


Thomas Stickney 


of 


Do 


Three 


Do 


John Chandler 


of 


Do 


Three 


Do 


William Coffin 


of 


Do 


One 


Do 


Ebenezer Hall 


of 


Do 


One 


Do 


Jonathan Merrill 


of 


Do 


One 


Do 


Amos Abbott 


of 


Do 


Two 


Do 


Edward Abbott 


of 


Do 


Two 


Do 


Ephraim Farnum J r 


of 


Do 


One 


Do 


Benjamin Farnum 


of 


Do 


Two 


Do 


Joseph Farnum 


of 


Do 


One 


Do 


Timothy Bradley 


of 


Do 


One 


Do 


Rev d Timothy Walker 


of 


Do 


Two 


Do 


Joseph Eastman 


of 


Do 


One 


Do 


Aaron Stevens 


of 


Do 


Two 


Do 


Moses Hall 


of 


Do 


One 


Do 


Philip Kimball 


of 


Do 


One 


Do 


Ebenezer Eastman 


of 


Do 


One 


Do 


David Hall 


of 


Do 


One 


Do 


Philip Eastman 


of 


Do 


Two 


Do 


James Walker 


of 


Do 


One 


Do 


Charles Walker 


of 


Do 


One 


Do 


Richard Hasseltine 


of 


Do 


One 


Do 


Paul Walker 


of 


Do 


One 


Do 


Jeremiah Bradley 


of 


Do 


One 


Do 


Hannah Osgood 


of 


Do 


Two 


Do 


Asa Kimball 


of 


Do 


One 


Do 


Moses Eastman 


of 


Do 


One 


Do 



OP THE STATE OK MAINE 



213 



of 


Do 


of 


Do 


of 


Do 


of 


Do 


of 


Do 


of 


Do 


of 


Do 


of 


Do 



John Bradley 

Jonathan Stickney 

Reuben Kimball 

Benjamin Abbott 

Joshua Abbott 

Abiel Chandler 

Timothy Walker Tertius of 

Nathaniel Eastman 

The Heirs of Eben r Virgin of Concord 

Peter Green of Concord 

Ephraim Carter of Concord 

The Heirs of Jeremiah Dresser of Do 

Nathaniel Rolfe of Do 

John Chase of Do 

Benjamin Thompson Esq r of Do 

Paul Rolfe of Do 

Ebenezer Harden Goss of Do 

Nathan Abbott of Do 

Gustavus Adolphus Goss 

Amos Eastman of Hollis 

Abraham Kimball of Bradford One & 

Timothy Walker of Conway One & 

Ebenezer Hall of Sanford 

Jeremiah Eastman of Sanford 

D r Charles Chauncey of Boston 

The Heirs of Rev u Saml Phillips of 

Andover 
Stephen Farrington of Fryebourgh 
The Heirs of Abner Fowler of Coos 
Elijah Durgan of Hopkinton N. II. 
Caleb Smart of Do 
Jonathan Straw J r of Do 
Benjamin Gale of Haverhill 



One 


Do 


One 


Do 


One 


Do 


One 


Do 


One 


Do 


Five 


Do 


One 


Do 


Two 


Do 


Three 


Rights 


One 


Do 


One 


Do 


One 


Do 


One 


Do 


One 


Do 


One 


Do 


Five 


Do 


Four 


Do 


One 


Do 


One 


Do 


One 


Do 


Three Quarter 


s Do 


Three Quarter 


s Do 


One 


Do 


One 


Do 


One 


Do 


One & a half 


Do 


One 


Do 


One 


Do 


One 


Do 


One 


Do 


One 


Do 


One 


Do 



Cutting Marsh of Do 



one quarter of a Right 



214 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Nathaniel Marsh of Do one quarter of a Right 

James M c Hard of Do half of a Right 

Robert Davis of Concord Three quarters of a Right 
Anna Stevens of Do One quarter of a Right 

Henry Lovejoy of Do One quarter of a Right 

Phinehas Kimball of Do One quarter of a Right 

Samuel Rennells of Boxford half a Right 

Samuel & William Dana of Groton half a Right 

Dudley Colman of Newbury half a Right 

N. B. Hon a Joseph Gerrish Esq r ( one of said Comm e ) 

was present at said meeting & Consented to the foregoing 

Report. 

Samuel Phillips Conath Webster Comm e 

Haverhill Nov r 18 th 1774. 

To the Hon ble the Council & Hon ble House of Representa- 
tives of the State of Massachusetts Bay. 

The Memorial of Francis Shaw Jun r Humbly shews, That 
to add to the Distress of the Inhabitants of the Township of 
Gouldsboro (before in a very Deplorable Situation) the 
Schooner Liverpool from Liverpool in Nova Scotia Com- 
manded by a Cap 1 Young came into the Harbour on the 4 th 
of March last & plundered the stores of your Memorialist of 
Provisions & other Articles to the Amount of Three Thou- 
sand Pounds, this Loss, togeather with the Disapointment 
in not being able to Dispose of a large Number of Masts, 
Spans &c (occasioned by a Late Act of your Honors) leaves 
your Memorialist unable to purchase anything for the Reliefe 
of said Distressed Inhabitants, your Memorialist therefore 
Humbly prays that your Honors, would purchase said Masts 
&c. or take such other steps as your Wisdom may Direct, 
and your Memorialist as in duty bound will ever pray. 

Francis Shaw J r 
Boston 9 April 1779. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 215 

D r the State of the Massachusetts Bay, to the Commit- 
tee of Correspondence Inspection &c. for the town of Kittery 
for their time and expence, in taking care of, and leasing out 
the Estate of Sir William Pepperrell, an Absentee. 
March 20 th To five of the Committee one day 
1778. to advertise said Estate to be 

leased out, &c. £ 4 : 16 : 

April 1 st To four of the Committee one day, 
attending Vendue, to lease out 
said Estate & expences of ven- 
due, writing leases &c. 7 : 7 : 
January To four of the Committee two 
1 779. days to make an Inventory of the 
Estate, and to copy & sign the 
same & expences for convey g 10: 11 : 
Mar. 12 th To three of said Committee one 
day writing advertisement for 
leasing out the Estate. 7 : 
18 th To three of the Committee one 
day examining copies of Rec- 
ords relative to the Estate of 
And w Pepperrell Esq r and pay- 
ing for the same. 7 : 13 : 
April 1 st To four of the Committee one day, 
attending Vendue for leasing 
out s d Sir Will" 1 Pepperrells 
Estate & expences of vendue &c. 13:18: 02 
To paid for postage & printing 

Advertisements, as directed 6: 0: 

To paid for carriage of advertise- 
ments to the three adjoining 
towns & writing six pair of 
Leases, and paper &c 8:2: 

5 th To three of tlic Committee one 



216 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

day to sign Leases and rec g 

money, and their expences 5 : 14 

To three of the Committee half 

a day to draw out copy acco* &c 4:4 

To a day of Edw' 1 Cutts Esq r to 
York to present this ace 1 , to the 
Judge of probates &c 1 : 16 

To paid, at the probate Office &c : 12 



£77: 13: 2 
Kittery April 10 th 1779 

Errors excepted: Signed by order of the Committee. 

Edward Cutts, Chairman 

p r contra C r 
By cash rec cl for rents for the year 1777, the 

sum of £ 5: 

By cash rec d of sundry persons for the rents 

of the Estates for the year 1778, the sum 

of 49: 

By cash rec d of Sundry persons in full for 

rents for the year 1779 & two cows &c, 

the sum of 223: 3: 

By cash rec d at another time for the year 

1777, the sum 

of (omitted in its place) 



10 


: 1 


: 


287: 

77: 


4: 
13: 


2 



To balance £209: 10: 10 

York SS. York April 20 th 1779 Edward Cutts Esq r pre- 
sented, this Account for allowance : I have examined the 
same with the vouchers &c &c. I do allow the Account and 
find the balance due to be two hundred & nine Pounds ten 
Shillings & ten Pence. 

Joseph Simpson Judge of Probate 

Copied from the original, by Daniel Sewall, Reg r 
Kittery Committees Ace* for taking care of Absentees Estate 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



217 



A Provision Roll 
Penobscott River 1 

1778. 



of the Company of Soldiers Stationed on 
aken from y e pay Roll Boston Feb y 26 th , 



Mens Names 


Time 
in 


of Entrance 
ye Service 


*"&*"* ~" C 


Andrew Oillman 


Sepr 


lltb 1770 


Jany 


22d 1778 


499.10 


Jeremiah Colburn 


Do. 


Do. 


Do. 




499 


Joseph Mattssell 


Do. 


12th Do. 


Do. 




498 


W' Patten 


Octo 


12th Do. 


Do. 




468.11 


Samuel Low 


Do. 


12th Do. 


Oct 


13th 1777 


367 


Joshua Marshall 


Do. 


14th 1777 


Jany 


22 1778 


101 


Patrick Mahoney 


Do. 


12th 1776 


Octo 


19th 1777 


373 


Benj" Rose 


Do. 


20th 1777 


Jany 


22d 1778 


95 


Isaac liussell 


Do. 


12th 1776 


July 


28th 1777 


290.12 


Silas Barthorn Jun r 


July 


29th 1777 


Jany 


22d 1778 


178.13 


W'" Colburn 


Octo 


12th 1776 


Do. 




468.14 


Eben M' Kenzie 


Do. 


12th 1776 


Sepr 


28th 1777 


352.15 


Josiah Burley 


Do. 


12th Do. 


Octr 


13th 1777 


367.16 


Simeon Johnson 


Do. 


12th Do. 


Jany 


22d 1778 


468.17 


Daniel Cogswell 


Do. 


12th Do. 


May 


4th 1777 


205.18 


David liradley 


May 


5th 1777 


Augt 19 th 1777 


107.19 


Isaac Freese 


Augt 


20th 1777 


Jany 


22d 1778 


156.26 


Nath 1 Tarr 


Octo 


12th 1776 


Sept 


28th 1777 


352.21 


Mosess Craige 


Sepr 


29th 1777 


Octo 


13th 1777 


15 


John Kay res 


Octo 


12th 1776 


May 


4th 1777 


205 


John O' Brian 


May 


5th 1777 


Sepr 


28th 1778 


157 


Step h Bussell 


Octo 


12th 1776 


Oct 


13th 1777 


367 


Charles Blagdon 


Do. 


19th Do. 


May 


4th 1777 


198 


Sam 1 Curtis 


May 


5th 1777 


Augt 


4th 1777 


92 


Tamon Applewhite 


Augt 


5th 1777 


Octo 


20th 1777 


77 


Arch d M c Phetres 


Octo 


19th 1776 


Jany 


22d 1778 


461 


David Howell 


Do. 


19th Do. 


Aprl 


10th 1777 


174 


Ezra Pratt 


Aprl 


11th 1777 


Octo 


15th 1777 


188 


James Nicholls 


Nov. 


3d 1776 


Feby 


16 1777 


106 


Henry Cray 


Feby 


17 1777 


Apr 


13 1777 


56 


Anther Day 


Aprl 


14 1777 


Sept 


28 1777 


168 


Seth Webb 


Octo 


12th 1776 


Feby 


2 1777 


114 


Jo: Clerk Negro 


Feby 


3d 1777 


Jany 


22d 1778 


354 


El is ha Grant 


Octo 


25th 1776 


May 


4 1777 


192 


Patrick Boo 


May 


5th 1777 


Sept 


28 1777 


177 


Eben 1 Crosby 


Deer 


2d 1776 


May 


4 1777 


154 


James Laughrigg 


May 


5th 1777 


Octr 


19 1777 


168 


A ugustian (Indian) 


Octr 


12th 1776 


Jany 


22d 1778 


468 


Joseph Moutagueso 


D«». 


L2th Do. 


Do. 




468 


Lil 1 1<; Sebaris 


Novr 


28th Ho. 


Do. 




422 


Beard A usong 


I)... 


29th Do. 


Do. 




421 



218 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Col Leivey 
Francis Moxis 
Sock Reason 
French Messer 
Piel Mohawk 
Pied Encouiler 



Do. 


2d Do. 


Do 


Do. 


11th Do. 


Do 


Do. 


2d Do. 


Do 


Feby 


3d 1777 


Do 


Octo 


12th 1776 


Do 


Feby 


3d 1777 


Do 



Rec'd Commissary Devons 
Remains Due 



447 
438 
417 
354 
468 
854 



13523 



To one Ration each to L* Andrew Gillman & Ensign Colburn 

from Sep 1 11 th 1776, to Jany 22 d 1778 998 



14521 
13260 



1261 
Rations 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

To the Hon ble Council & House of Representatives of said 
State. 

The Petition of Andrew Gilman humbly sheweth 
That your Petitioner was appointed by the Hon 1 Gen 1 Court 
in Sept r in the Year 1776 to Command a Guard of thirty 
men ( including ten Indians ) to be stationed at Penobscott 
River, which men were by a Resolve of the 22 d Jan y 1778, 
Ordered to be discharged, but they were not made acquainted 
with, or heard of their Discharge 'till 7 th Feb y following, dur- 
ing which time your Petitioner was obliged to borrow pro- 
visions for the use of said men, which y r Petitioner engaged 
to return in provisions and your Honors must be sensible 
that it will be a great hardship for him to purchase provisions 
at the present exorbitant price to replace that borrowed for 
the men aforesaid 

Your Petitioner therefore prays your Honors to order the 
Commissary General to deliver your Petitioner the back 
Rations due to an Ensign, and twenty men of said Comp y 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 219 

from 22 fl Jan y to 7 th Feby aforesaid being fifteen days, & 

likewise permit him to make up the pay Roll for the men 

aforesaid for said term of time 

And as in Duty bound will ever pray 

Andrew Gilman 
Boston April 12 th 1779 



State of Massachusetts Bay 
In the House of Representatives April 13, 1779. 

Upon the Petition of Timothy Walker Jun r in behalf of 
himself and Associates Praying that this Court would accept 
of a Second Plan & List of Sufferers instead of the first that 
were returned into the Secretary's office agreeable to the 
Conditions in the original Grant of a Town Ship of Land to 
the said Timothy Walker & others upon Amoscoggin River 
in Febry 1774 which Plan & List of Sufferers are Since lost. 

Also praying that a longer time may be allowed for Settle- 
ment And that some Suitable person may be appointed to 
warn a meeting of the Grantees &c. 

Resolved that the Prayer of the Petition be granted and 
that the Plan of a Township taken by William Chamberlain 
Survey r under oath bounded as Followeth ( Beginning at a 
Tree upon Sudbury Canada line & Runing north 18^ 
degrees west ( crossing Amoscoggin River) Seven miles & 
forty Poles to a Spruce tree then turning & runing North 
71 l /, degrees East Seven mile & forty Pole to a beach Tree, 
then turning & Runing South 18^ degrees East crosingsaid 
River again Seven miles & forty Poles to another Beach Tree 
which make the South easterly corner of said Township then 
tinning <Sc runing South 71 )A degrees west Seven miles & 
forty Poles to the first mentioned Bounds Be & hereby is 
accepted in Lieu of a Plan Returned into the Secretarys 
office by said Walker agreable to the Grant of Said Township 



220 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

And it is further Resolved that the Second List of Suffer- 
ers as agreed upon by Joseph Gerrish Samuel Phillip and 
Jonathan Webster Esq" the Committee appointed by the 
General Court Feby 1774 to Inquire into the Sufferings of 
Pennicook Grantees & make out and return a List of such 
Sufferers. 

Be & hereby is accepted instead of the first list Returned 
into the Secretarys office & since lost. 

And be it further Resolved that the time Limited in the 
said Grant for Settling thirty families within said Township 
be Extended to the Term of five years Longer. 

And be it further Resolved that the Rev d Timothy Walker 
be and he hereby is Impowered & directed to Call a meeting 
of the said Proprietors to be held in the Town of Haverhill 
in the County of Essex at such time as he shall think proper 
by Publishing the same with the business which they are to 
meet in Willises Newspaper three weeks, Successively ending 
at least one week before said meeting & posting the same at 
the Several Public Houses or Taverns in the Town of Con- 
cord in the State of New Hampshire one month at least before 
said meeting. 

Also when to agree upon & determine the manner of 
Warning & place of holding future meetings in any Town 
within this State or if more convenient in any Town within 
the State of New Hampshire 

Sent up for Concurrence John Pickering Spk r 

In Council Apl 13 th 1779 

Read & Concurred John Avery D. Secy 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives April 12, 1779 

On the Petition of Betty Pote praying for Leave to depart 

this State with her husband, Jeremiah Pote, now a Prisoner 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 221 

in tbe Stale of New Hampshire whenever he may be sent 
away & that She may have Liberty to carry her Negro 
Woman, an Apprentice Boy & her Household Furniture 

Resolved that the Prayer of the Petition be so far granted 
that she have Leave to go with her Husband whenever he 
may be sent away, not to return to the State again & that 
she have Liberty to carry her Negro Woman, said Negro 
Woman consenting thereto, her wearing apparel & such 
other Articles as the Committee of Safety for Falmouth shall 
judge necessary to render her comfortable on her passage. 

And it is further Resolved that the Committee of Safety 
be & they hereby are directed to take into their Possession 
all the Estate of the above s d Pote real & personal & retain 
the same till the further Order of this Court. 
Sent up for Concurrence 



In Council Apl 13, 1779. 
Read & Concurred 



John Pickering Spk r 
John Avery D. Secy 



State of Massachusetts Bay 
In the House of Representatives April 12 th 1779. 

On the Petition of Joanna Wyer praying that her Hus- 
band ;in Absentee may be permitted to come in a Flag to 
Falmouth & that She may have Leave to depart this State 
with him & cany her Linnen & Household Furniture 

Resolved That A her Husband be not permitted to come, 
liiit that She B have Liberty to go either to New Port or 
Halifax in a Cartel not to return to this State again, & that 
She be permitted to carry Wearing Apparel & Such other 
Articles, as the Committee of Safety for Falmouth shall 
judge necessary to render her comfortable on her Passage. 
And it is further Resolved that the Committee of Safety be 



222 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and they hereby are directed to take into their Posession all 

the Estate of the above s d Wyers real & Personal & retain 

the same till the further Orders of this Court. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Pickering Spk r 

In Council April 13, 1779 

Read & Concurred with an Amendment from A to B. 

Viz 1 dele from A. to B. and insert Joanna Wyer. 

Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery D. Secy 

In the House of Representatives April 13, 1779. 

Read & Concurred 

John Pickering Spk r 

State of Mass Bay 

In the House of Rep s April 13, 1779 

Upon the Petition of Joseph Baker & others praying that 
this Court would accept of a second Plan & List of Sufferers 
ins ted of the First that were returned into the Secretary s 
office agreable to the Condition Contained in the Original 
Grant of a Township of Land to the said Baker & others 
upon the Eastern side of Saco River February 1774 which 
Plan & List of Sufferers are Since Lost 

Also praying that a Longer time may be allowed for Set- 
tlement, and that some stitable Person may be appointed to 
warn a Meeting of the Grantees &c. 

Resolved that the Prayer of the petition be granted & 
that the Plan of a Township taken by Joseph Fry J r Sur- 
veyor under Oath bounded as followeth viz : Beginning at a 
maple Tree near upper Keezer River & Riming South forty- 
five degrees East on the Northeast Side line of Fryeburg one 
Thousand Nine hundred & Eighty three Poles to a pitch 
pine tree then turning & running north sixty-five Deg 8 East 
fifteen hundred & twelve pole to a White pine tree with 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 223 

Stones laid round it, then turning & Riming North 25 deg 8 
West three thousand one hundred & ninety-nine poles to a 
Stone Set into the ground with small stones laid round it 
then turning & runing South Sixty-five degrees west Six- 
teen hundred & four Poles to a Stake & Stones then turning 
& running south forty-five degrees East Sixty-four Poles to a 
Red oak tree from thence runing South twenty deg 8 East 
four hundred & forty poles to a maple Tree then running 
South Eighty-five deg 8 East thirty-two Pole to a Birch Tree 
upon the Westerly Shore of the Lower Bay of upper Keezer 
Pond so called then turning & Running upon the Westerly 
Side of the Lower Bay of said Kezer Pond Seven hundred 
& Eighty Poles to a Rock then Runing upon the boundary 
line of Land lately Laid out of the North corner of Frye- 
burg three Hundred & fifty four Poles to the Maple tree first 
mentioned. 

Provided that there is not more Land contained within 
said described Bound than the amount of the Contents of 
Seven mile Square. 

Be & hereby is accepted in Lieu of the Plan Returned 
into the Secretary's office by said Baker & others agreeable 
to the grant of said Township 

And it is further Resolved that the Second List of Suffer- 
ers as agreed upon by Joseph Gerrish, Samuel Phillips & 
Jonathan Webster Esq 1 , the committee appointed by the 
Gem ral Court Feb'y 1774, to Inquire into the Suffering of 
Suncook Grantees & make out & return a List of such Suf- 
ferers, be & hereby is accepted insted of the first list 
Returned into the Secretarys Office & which is since lost. 

And be it further Resolved that the time Limited in the 
said Grant for settling thirty Families within Said Township 
be prolonged for the term of five years from February last. 

Ami be it further Resolved that Cap* Joseph Baker be & 
hereby is Empowered & directed to call a meeting of the 



224 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Proprietors to be held in the Town of Haverhill in the 
County of Essex at such time as he shall think Proper by 
Publishing the same with the Business for which they are to 
meet in Willesses News Paper. 

Three weeks Successively ending at least one week before 
said meeting & Posting the same at the Several Public 
Houses in the Town of Pennicook, in the State of New 
Hampshire one month at least before said meeting 

Also when met to agree upon & determine the manner of 
Warning & Place of holding future meeting in any Town 
within this State or if more convenient in any Town within 
the State of New Hampshire. 

Sent up for Concurrence 



In Council April 13 th 1779 
Read & Concurred 



John Pickering Spk r 
John Avery D. Secy. 



To the Honorable the Council and House of Representa- 
tives of the State of the Massachusetts Bay assembled at 
Boston April the 7 th 1779. 

The Petition of the Subscribers humbly sheweth That in 
February 1774 your Petitioners obtained of the General 
Court of this then Province a Grant of a Township on the 
easterly side of Sawco River in compensation for the loss of 
Suncook on the River Merrimack, conditioned that your 
Petitioners should return into the Secretary's Office here, a 
Plan of the granted Premises by a Surveyor and chainmen 
under Oath within a year from the grant as also a List of the 
Sufferers who were to be benefitted thereby certified by a 
Committee appointed by said Court to enquire into and ascer- 
tain the same, which Plan your Petitioners returned within 
the Limited Time, but by the great confusion which this 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 225 

Metroplis was soon after thrown into the Plan was lost 
Whereupon your Petitioners have been at the expence of 
procuring a New Plan of the Premises which together with 
a List of the Grantees, certified by the major part of the 
Committee appointed for that Service ( who still Survive ) 
your Petitioners pray you would please to accept instead of 
that formerly returned but lost. And whereas the Term 
allowed for settlement will expire next February, and the 
cares & efforts of your Grantees have been so intirel} r 
absorbed in the general defence of the Country during the 
present distressing war as to render them utterly incapable of 
making the least advance towards compleating the same, they 
therefore pray that the said Period may be lengthened out to 
such future Day as your Honours shall please to appoint and 
also that you would direct some suitable Person to warn a 
meeting of said Grantees at such Place and in such manner 
as you may judge legal in order to adjust accounts of past 
expences and transact any matter or thing necessary to for- 
ward the settlement of the said Township, and also to order 
where and how future meetings of said Grantees shall be 
convened 

and your Petitioners as in duty bound will ever pray etc. 
Job Abbott Joseph Baker Asa Foster 

John Man John White Moses Tyler 

William Knox Andrew Gault David Lovejoy 

Caleb Lovejoy John Knox Francis Doyne 

Robert Moor James Cunningham Daniel Holt 

Thomas Baker J r Aaron Whittemore 



State of Mass. Bay 

In the House of Representatives April 14, 1779. 

On the Petition of Barbara Boss & Esther Martin praying 
they may be permitted to go to their Husbands at New York 

16 



226 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

& carry with them their children, wearing apparel Bedding, 
Linnen, & Household furniture. 

Resolved that the said Barbaree Ross & Esther Martin, 
with their Children have liberty to go to New York in a Car- 
tel not to return to this State again & that they be permit- 
ted to carry their wearing apparel & such other articles as 
the Committee of Safety for the Town of Falmouth shall 
judge necessary to render them comfortable on their passage. 

And it is further Resolved that the said be 

and hereby are directed to take into their possession the 

Estate of Thomas Ross & John Martin's husbands of the 

said Barbaree & Esther & retain the same till the further 

Order of this Court. 

Sent up for Concurence 

John Pickering Spk r 
In council April 14, 1779 

Read & Concurred John Aveiy D Secy. 

To the Hon ble Council and Hon ble House of Representa- 
tives of the Massachusetts Bay 

The Petition of Francis Shaw Jun r of Gouldsborough in 
the County of Lincoln & State afores d — Humbly Shews 

that as your petitioner has already Informed your Honors, 
his Store Was plundred by a Brittish Privateer of the 4 th 
of March last, of Sundry Articles to the Amo* of Three 
Thousand Pounds, that as }'our petitioner has some Effects 
and Sundry Debts due to him from Sundry Persons in Nova 
Scotia, which he could Receive had he an opportunity Your 
Petitioner therefore Humbly prays that your Honors would 
be pleased to grant him leave to go into said Government of 
Nova Scotia & to Return with such of his Effects as he may 
be able to Collect & your Petitioner as in duty bound will 
ever pray. Francis Shaw Jun r 

Boston 15 April 1779. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 227 

State of Massachusetts Bay. 

In the House of Representatives April 16, 1779 on the 
accounts of Joseph McLallen Treasurer of the County of 
Cumberland 

Whereas it appears upon Examination of the County 
Treasurers accounts for the county of Cumberland that all 
the moneys Granted and allowed by the General Sessions of 
the peace for s d County from May 1777 to Jany 1779 were 
for such purposes and appropriations as the Law impowered 
the s d court to Grant and the Ballance Due to the county is 
Ninety-two pounds eleven shillings nine pence y x . 

Therefore Resolved that the s d accounts be allowed. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Pickering Spk r 

In Council April 17, 1779 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D. Secy. 



In the House of Representatives April 17, 1779. 
On the Petition of Richard Lombard 

Resolved that the Committee upon muster Rolls be and 
they hereby are directed to receive & examine the Muster 
Roll of said Lombard and to adjust the same on the Estab- 
lishment of the sea Coast men for the year 1776 and that 
the amount thereof be paid to Coll. Edmund Phinney for the 
use of the Persons named in said Roll he giving his Receipt 
therefor. 

Sent up for concurrence 



In Council April 17, 1779 
Read & ( '(incurred 



John Pickering Spk r 
John Avery D Secy 



228 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

To The Hon We Council, and House of Representatives of 
the State of Massachusetts Bay in General Court assembled 

May it Please your honours the Petition of George Still- 
man, in behalf of Captain Robbins Company stationed at 
Machias the last summer, Humbly Sheweth : — 

That Whereas said Company was Raised in the diferent 
Parts of the eastern Country and have been Put to the 
utmost dificulty, by Reason of Leaving their Families and 
have Received no more than forty shillings pr month wages, 
as a Compensation for their Services 

Your Petitioner having an order to Receive the wages for 
said Company Humbly Prays Your Honors to take this Mat- 
ter into your wise Consideration and Grant them such further 
Relief as you may think proper, and your Petitioner as in 

Duty Bound &c. 

George Stillman 
Boston April 17, 1779. 



Treasurer's Office 20 th April 1779. 

Received of M r Josiah Noyes Two hundred and fourteen 
pounds seven shillings in part for taxes set on the town of 
Falmouth C° Cumb d by the General Court in the year 1765, 
for which sum I have given the said Noyes another receipt 
of this same tenor and date, X214: 7 

Jno Furnass for y e Treasurer. 
True copy of original Attest 

John Avery Sec'y. 

County of Cumberland New Gloucester July 13 th 1801. 

I the subscriber acknowledge the above to be a true copy 
of a receipt mentioned in Resolve of Jan 1 th 30 th 1801. 
Isaac Parsons Administrator on the Estate of Josiah Noyes. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 229 

D r the State of Massachusetts Bay to the Committee of 
Inspection &c for the town of Arundel in the county 
of York, for their time & expence in taking care of, and 
leasing out the Estate of Sir William Pepperrell, an 
Absentee, and selling the Cattle &c 
To leasing out, collecting, writing, posting &c &c <£62: 5 
Arundel April 20 th 1779. 

Errors excepted. Signed by order of the Committee 
Benj a Meads Lord Chairman. 
C r 

By rents, cash &c &c £460: 13: 

62: 5:0 

To balance 398: 8: 

York SS. York April 23 d 1779 Benj a Meads Lord Esq r 

presented this Ace* for allowance ; I have examined the same, 

with the vouchers &c &c. I do allow the Account, and find 

the balance due to be three hundred ninety-eight Pounds 

eight shillings 

Joseph Simpson, Judge of Probate 

Copied from the original by Daniel Sewall, Reg r 



To the Honorable the Great and General Court of the 
State of Massachusetts bay 

The Memorial of the Ministers and Elders of the churches 
associated into the first Presbytery of the Eastward at their 
annual Session at Topsham in the County of Lincoln by 
adjoummenl June 10, 1778 

Humbly Sheweth That this Presbytery, deeply affected 
with the cries of tin- several settlements in these parts that 
are destitute of the preached Gospel & have applied to them 
Im supply, upon finding themselves incapable now to send 
them any relief, — at the same time, taking into their serious 
consideration the melancholy state of by far the greatest 



230 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

part of the Eastern Country equally denied the public means 
of Grace, and utterly unable in their present circumstances 
to procure to themselves the enjoyment of that privilege, 
could no longer forbear to submit their case to the wise con- 
templation of The Fathers of the State, in whose powers we 
know, it is to grant them that favor which the concerns of 
our own charges, & the scarcity of laborers in the Gospel 
vineyard in these parts constrains us to refuse. 

Your Memorialists therefore beg leave to represent to your 
Honors that in the single County of Lincoln there are 
upwards of forty towns & plantations where no Minister of 
the Gospel hath ever been settled — most of them consist of 
numbers sufficient to compose moderate parishes. Some are 
large townships well settled with inhabitants & in the great- 
est part of them was a comfortable prospect of the way being 
soon cleared for the happy establishment of Gospel ordi- 
nances, until the horrors of the present war suddenly dark- 
ened it to midnight gloom : 

By the almost total suppression of their trade & so cutting 
them off from the Western Markets, their wonted resort for 
the greatest part of the necessaries of life : — by the general 
engagement of their able-bodied men in the land and sea- 
service which disabled the remainder to avail themselves, 
with any great effect of the resources depending on the cul- 
tivation of their lands : — and in addition to all, by the 
peculiar exposure of this sea-coast location to the ravage of 
hostile fleets, those distresses have been daily increasing 
which at first forbad the hope of speedily settling the Gospel 
among them, and now render even its occasional sup- 
port impracticable to a great majority of their destitute 
plantations. 

The sad consequences of all which is that thousands of 
precious souls — in a Protestant country — under profession 
of the Reformed Religion & earnestly craving the bread of 



OF TfiE STATE OF MAINE 231 

life, are left to suffer a grievous famine of the word of God, 
their children in multitudes growing up unbaptized and 
strangers to the ordinary means of obtaining the knowledge 
of Religion and the inhabitants of a Country of some hun- 
dred miles extent, in danger of ' perishing for lack of vision.' 

To avert this awful Judgment your Memorialists can see 
no probable means unless it should please the Honorable 
Court to grant a sum sufficient to support a single mission 
to these needy settlements, for the summer months, during 
present circumstances, and to appoint some able and faithful 
missionary occasionally to that important trust. 

We cannot once suspect that the Hon ble Court will lend a 
careless ear to an application of this nature as if beneath 
their serious notice : nor have we the least apprehension that 
this relief will be considered as without the line of your 
Honors' department to provide, any more than it ought to be 
deemed impertinent in Ministers of the Gospel, living in the 
nearest vicinity, and peculiarly connected with these desti- 
tute places to crave it. 

In this request your Memorialists are greatly encouraged 
from the benefactions of the same kind bestowed by the 
General Court on these Settlements for some years before 
the Commencement of their present troubles — benefactions 
which we have the pleasure to assure your Honors were very 
pleasing, and we trust profitable to great numbers of these 
distressed souls and are yet had in grateful remembrance by 
this whole Country: 

The Revival of that Mission at this time is their general 
and earnest desire; and your Memorialists heartily concur- 
ring with them therein, presume it cannot be suggested that 
their need is less now than when that favor was wont to be 
conferred; nor could we consider it as ominous of happy 
issue, should it appear that their strenuous exertions for the 

most important interests of their country relating to this life, 



232 HISTORY DOCUMENTARY 

had obliterated in the mind of the Hon ble Court the far more 
momentous concerns of the next. 



Most heartily rejecting so ungrateful a reflexion, your 
Memorialists scruple not to lay themselves & those in whose 
behalf they plead, at the feet of your much Honored Assem- 
bly, confident that you will embrace the earliest opportunity 
to take their case into your sage deliberations and to grant 
such relief therein as, to your Honors, in your great wisdom 
it shall appear to merit & require : nothing doubting that the 
revival of the former Mission to these parts at this juncture, 
by the blessing of Heaven, will greatly contribute to promote 
the interest of the Redeemer's kingdom in a dark corner of 
the land ; and at the same time be not a little serviceable to 
the common cause, by disseminating such knowledge of the 
true state of public affairs as may effectually refute the insin- 
uation of secret emissaries or abettors of our unnatural ene- 
mies and tend to settle the minds of the people to a resolved 
perseverance in bearing the distresses naturally occurring, 
and exerting the efforts ever to be required in the contests 
of oppressed virtue against tyranny & wickedness. 

In fine, as your granting this request will confer a lasting 
obligation on your Mem U8ts and this whole people, so that, by 
that means, the blessing of thousands ready to perish may 
come upon your Honors, your Mem li8t8 as in duty bouud shall 
ever pray. 

Signed by order of the first Presbytery of the Eastward, 
and in their name, and presence by 

Nath 1 Ewer Moderator. 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives April 21, 1779. 

Whereas Application has been made to this Court by the 
Rev'd Nathaniel Ewer in the name of the churches associated 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 233 

into the first Presbitery of the Eastward by their Memorial 
setting forth that the greatest part of the Eastern Country 
are destitute of the preached Gospel & unable in their pres- 
ent circumstances to procure to themselves the enjoyment of 
that privilege, and praying that some able faithful missionary 
may be provided for them at the Expence of the Public. 

And it appearing that good & valuable purposes may be 
answered by such provision. 

Resolved That the Rev' 1 Samuel Deane of Falmouth be 
and he hereby is appointed to that important Trust who shall 
officiate therein in such places in said County as he with the 
ministers who are nearest to the destitute places shall judge 
best, Said Missionary to continue in the said Service until 
the last Day of October next and no longer. 

And it is Resolved That there be allowed & paid to the 
said Samuel Deane or his Order the Sum of thirty pounds a 
month, Three months pay to be advanced him at his Entrance 
upon the aforesaid Mission & the remainder at the End of 
the Term for which he shall be employed as aforesaid. 
Sent up for Concurrence 



In Council April 21, 1771* 
Read & Concurred 



John Pickering Spk r 
John Avery D. Secy 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives April 21, 1779 

Od thf Petition of Francis Shaw of (Joldsborough in the 

County of Lincoln praying for leave to go to Nova Scotia 

and bring from thence his effects and collect sundry debts 

due to him there. 

Resolved that the prayer of the Petition be granted and 

thai the said Francis Shaw have Leave and is hereby permit- 



234 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ted to go to Nova Scotia and bring from thence such of his 

effects and dues as he may have opportunity or be able to 

obtain there & return again to this state. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Pickering Spk 1 ' 
In Council April 21 8t 1779. 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D. Secy 



State of Massachusetts Bay 
In the House of Representatives April 24, 1779. 

On the Representation of John Allan Esq. Continental 
Agent of the Indians in the Eastern department 

Resolved that the Board of War be and they are hereby 
directed to Borrow of the Continental Agent and Commissary 
in this department, Such Stores, Goods &c as they were 
directed to deliver to Said Allan, and which are not at pres- 
ent in the Public Stores of this State. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Pickering Spk r 
In Council April 24, 1779 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Secy 

Mem of what the Board of War Can furnish, bbls Flour 
50 d° Beef 600 w Powder 1500 w Balls 50 Stand of Arms 
25 Pick axes 25 Spades 25 Shovels 2 bls 2* r Cordage 4 bags 
Virmillion 2 4-p d Cannon Hatts Blankets in part Knives 
falling Axes 

State of Massachusetts Bay Council Chamber April 23, 1779 
To Colonel John Allan commanding officer at Machias 

You are hereby directed without loss of time to appoint 
one Captain and two Subalterns suitable for officers to com- 
mand a Company of Rangers and give them orders to raise 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 235 

by inlistment ninety-seven non-commission officers and Pri- 
vates agreeable to the resolve of the General Court of the 
twentyeth of April Instant: to be employed by you in the 
Eastern parts of this State in Scouting & guarding in such 
manner as you shall determine will be conformable to the 
resolve aforesaid and most to the publick benefit. You will 
also continue in the service of Lie 1 Albee and the thirty-three 
men under his Command untill the further order of the Gen- 
eral Court. The two Coars aforesaid you will take the 
direction and command of and issue such orders and direc- 
tions to them as you shall judge Just and necessary 

In behalf of the Council 

President. 



To the Honble the Council Board of the State of Massa- 
chusetts Bay 

The Memorial of John Allan Continental Agent for Indians 
and commanding officer of the Troops stationed at Machias 

The Honble the General Court of this State Having passed 
a resolve on the 20 th Inst. Impowering the Honble Board to 
raise Three Hundred men for the Eastern part of this state 
when occation requires, also a Company of Rangers & one 
of Artillery 

Y<nir Memorialist woud beg leave to Lay before your Hon- 
ors the Necessity of raising the Two Latter as soon as possi- 
ble as of the Greatest Consequence in persuing the Business, 
& fullfilling the Intention of Government in that Department 

Your Memorialist therefore Humbly prays that your Hon- 
ors WOud be pleased, to take the matter under your wise Con- 
Bideration & Order sueh Necessary measures as in your Wis- 
dom may think suitable for the raising & Embodying said 
TwoCompanys. Further praying that every Encouragement 



236 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



may be Given as far as Consistant with the Rules & Rights 
of the Country. 



Boston April 25, 1779. 



J. Allan 



1779 The State of Massachusetts to the 
Com tee of York 
Apl. 1 To Venduing, and sundry charges 
in letting Land that was William 
Pepperrell's, an Absentee 
To paid the probate office 

1779 Apl 1 st C r 

By cash for rent of Land that was 
William Pepperrell, an Absentee 
Bal a due 



I)' 



£6: 


0: 

7: 


£Q: 


7: 


£2i: 

6: 


7 







£11: 13 

Errors excepted p r Jn° Stone Nicolas Sewall Com tee 
YorkSS. York April 26 th 1779. This Account was pre- 
sented by Cap 1 John Stone & M r Nicolas Sewall, Committee 
of Safety &c. of the Town of York for allowance : I have 
examined the same &c. and do allow the Account, and find a 
balance of seventeen Pounds thirteen Shillings 

Joseph Simpson, Judge of Probate 
Copied from the original by Daniel Sewall, Reg r 



To the Hon ble Board of War of the State of the Massa- 
chusetts Bay 

Agreeable to the Law of this State enacting " That each 
" Brigadier of this Colony shall keep constantly provided at 
" the expence of the same two good Field Pieces that shall 
" Carry a Shot not more than six nor less than two pounds 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 237 

" weight mounted on good & Substantial travelling Carriages 

"together with Harresses, Rammers, Ladles, Spunges Pow- 

" der Horns & other necessary accoutrements for the same & 

"shall also keep constantly provided at the expence of the 

" Colony for each Field piece as aforesaid Forty Rounds of 

••Iron Shot, Forty Cases of Iron or Leaden Ball & eighty 

" Rounds of Powder with Cartridges for the same." Please 

to Deliver to Capt. Samuel Oakman two good Field Pieces 

either three or Four Pounders as the said Samuel shall choose 

together with every other article for the same agreeable to 

said act. 

I am with respect Your Most H ble Serv* 

Cha 8 Cushing 

Brig r of the County of Lincoln 

Pownalborough, April 27 th 1779 

In Council May 18, 1779. Read & Ordered that the 
Board of War be and they hereby are directed to deliver 
Cap 1 Samuel Oakman by order of Charles Cushing Esq r Brig r 
General for the County of Lincoln two good Field Pieces 
either three or four Pounders with the necessaiy apparatus 
together with forty rounds of Iron Shot, forty Cases of Iron 
or Leaden Ball & Eighty rounds of Powder 2 W Cartridges 
for the same. 

To the hon ble Board of War for the use of his Brigade in 
said County 

Attest Jn° Avery D. Secy. 



To the House of Representatives April 24, 1779 

load & thereupon Ordered That Capt. Noyes & Coll. 
Ilnti -liinson with such as y a lion'' 1 '" Board shall join be a 
Committee to consider the same & report. 

Scut up for ( '< incurrence 

John Pickering Spk r 



238 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

In Council April 27, 1779. 

Read & Concurred and Benjamin Greenleaf Esq r is joined. 

John Avery D. Secy 

The Committee of both houses above named, have consid- 
ered the aforegoing Letter, and are of Opinion that if some 
of the Armed Ships belonging to this Continent, or to this 
State, should, at times, when they are not Employed on more 
important services, be ordered on short cruises along the 
Eastern Shore, they might probably do an essential service, 
by capturing the small British Cruisers that infest that shore, 
or by obliging them to retire from that quarter. Your com- 
mittee cannot devise any other means for the Relief of the 
Inhabitants of that part of the state under their present Dis- 
tresses. B. Greenleaf p r order 

In Council April 27, 1779 
Read & Accepted 

Sent down for Concurrence 

Jn° Avery D Secy 

In the House of Representatives April 27, 1779. 

Read & Concurred 

John Pickering Spk r 



Falm April 29 th 1779. 
Sir, 

I beg leave once more to trouble your honor upon the same 

subject I wrote you lately upon. I find Mrs. Ross and Mrs. 

Martin have their petition answered so far as to obtain leave 

to go to their husbands at New York in a Cartel. The 

Bearer of this applies to Council for a Commission or permit 

for a small sloop they have hired to go as a Cartel He will 

tell you the name, tons, & hands that are to go : If the 

Council see fit to grant such permit which it seems to me 

they may by force of the resolve of Court in their favour, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 239 

Mrs. Betty Pote & Mrs Joanna Wyer would be exceeding 
glad to be included & mentioned in it, since the one has 
Leave to go with her husband from New hampshire, & the 
other to go in a Cartel to Halifax or Newport by resolve of 
Court and since they have leave to go they think it can be 
of no consequence from whence they go, & whither it be to 
Newport, or New York, and as Mrs. Wyer's husband is at 
New York she would be glad to go direct by thither & not 
to Newport. The Bearer will furnish Copies of the Resolves 
of Court that y e particular vessel to go as a Cartel should be 
authorized by y e Council or Supreme executive. I ask par- 
don for giving you this repeated trouble & calling your atten- 
tion from matters of greater importance, but I ventured to do 
it to oblige y e Petitioners who are solicitous to get to their 
husbands in y e cheapest & most expeditous way they can. 

Your kind offices will much oblige them and your very 
humb ,e Ser vt 

Theo Bradbury 

Hon Jer. Powell Esq 1 

Mrs. Pote hears from her husband from Portsmouth that 
he is likely to be sent away soon, but the vessel he goes in is 
likely to be crowded with prisoners which with y e difficulty 
of going to Portsmouth makes her desirous of going directly 
from home if she can be permitted. 



To the Ilonble the Council & House of Representatives 
for the State of Massachusetts Bay. 

May it please your Honors 

Ii is with real concern that your Memorialist is Compelled 
for the Interest & Honor of the Service of the United States, 
to Trouble your Honors on Business to which there has been 
BO much attention paid & Time taken up already 



240 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Fully sensible as a Public as well as a private Person, of 
the Candid & generous Conduct of the Honble Court, in 
ordering such necessary supplys from Time to Time as to 
enable your Mem 4 to discharge his Duty to the States Agree- 
able to the intentions of Congress more particular for the 
Resolve In the present Sessions, & the order to the Board of 
War, for furnishing supplys. 

Your memo* had the said order with the Schedule of the 
Supplys Delivered to the Board of War, who acquainted 
your Memo* that the most of the perticulars Coud not be 
furnished But that there were other Articles in the state 
Store which coud be Spared. Your Mem* accordingly by 
the desire of the Board of War Sorted out such things which 
might answer since which they have thought it Expedient, 
not to Deliver anything without a Resolve of the General 
Court, mentioning every perticular, and that the articles men- 
tioned in the Second part of the Mem hereunto annex'd Coud 
not be furnished. 

Your memo* would beg Leave to Take Notice That some 
of said memo, is now in the State Store, & part of them may 
be procured from the Continental Military stores under the 
Directions of General Heath who acquainted your memo* 
that he would spare part of anything he possibly cou'd for 
the purpose, and am persuaded some has already been deliv- 
ed for that End. 

The Schedule of supplys reported by the respectable Com- 
mittee appointed by the Honble Court, was as Low as Coud 
possibly be to answer the purpose Intended by Congress & 
was so returned only on Account of the Indigent State the 
Country was in reguard of Supplys. 

Your memo* woud beg leave further to observe, that the 
Post he has had the Direction of, is View'd by the principle 
Gentlemen in the Military Department as well as Congress to 
be of Great Importance & without Doubt there is Expecta- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 241 

tions of reaping many assential Advantages to the Cause in 

General from that Quarter. Your memo* is now charged 

with some matters of Importance, which by Delaying will 

have a tendency to many Evil Consequences, and the want 

of the Provisions & other matters in said Mem° hereunto 

annexed will be of the greatest Damage at this Juncture. 

Your Memorialist therefore thinks it a Duty to Acquaint 

the Honble Court of the present State of his business before 

his Departure and would further take the Liberty to Inform 

them, that he intends seting off for Machias by Land on 

Tuesday morning & shall Leave the Schooner till the Board 

of War can procure the supplys. Any further Commands 

or Instructions will be allways Esteem'd an Honor to be 

Interested with, with all Duty and respect. 

By Your Devoted Hbl Ser vt 

J. Allan 
Boston April 29 th 1779. 

In Council April 29, 1779 

Read & Sent Down 

John Avery D. Secy 
In the House of Representatives 

Intelligence Receiv'd from the River Penobscutt by Cap 1 
John Prebble in the Service of the United States of America 
who was sent Express by order of the Continental Agent & 
baa been Particularly Examin'd into by 

John Allan 
Cont. Agent & Com. in Chief of Ind 8 Eas* Dep 1 
Machias May 18 th 1779 

April 30 th 1779 

John Nepten & Orono came into Prebbles at Penobscutt 

Palls l>y Express sent by John Marsh from John Prebble, 

and was Informed that a Message with Wampum was sent 

from Captain Smith at Machias Deputy Superintendent, to 

17 



242 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Acquaint the whole Tribe that Col Allan requested their 
Assembling at Machias the 25th May to Receive the Priest 
& to bring Peltry with them. 

Then John Nepten Presents three small Strings Wampum 
and says ( holding the first String ) These are sent our 
Tribe from Canada by Two young men about three weeks ago 

" l 8t String, we send you this to open your Eyes 
2 d Stiing, That you may see a great way 
3 d String, That your Ears may be opened to hear & fix 
your Hearts, that you may have a Right understanding to 
what I am going to tell you " 

Then Presenting a Large Belt of Wampum 1500, White; 
said this Likewise was sent us from Canada with this Message. 

" Brothers Don't have any Connections with the Americans 
Remove your selves off from them & not keep with them, 
for Powder & Balls has no Respect to Persons for if we 
shou'd find one of our Brothers Dead it wou'd make us 
sorry & Angry. 

The Americans have no Knowledge of what they are about 
in Fighting the Great King of England, but now the King is 
in Earnest & Determin'd to whip them severly, we send you 
this Great Belt of Wampum for every one of you to See & 
think of, and to shew it to the S* John's & Micmac's & to 
let them Know what we say & Return the Belt Back to us 
Immediately. 

The Indians are coming a Cross the Woods as soon as the 
Leaves are as big as our Nails, and are Determin'd to Destroy 
the White People, 300 on the River Penobscutt, 300 upon 
Norridgwalk River & 300 upon Cohos. 

There is 300 Barrels Flour at Soccocon for the Support of 
the Indians who are coming a Cross the Country. 

" Brothers of Penobscutt we have Provision Enough in 
Canada to last 30 years if the war shou'd last so long. Don't 
think this Belt of Wampum is sent for nothing. Don't make 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 243 

a Laugh & scorn of it, it is the Truth we send you & you 
may Depend upon it. 

"Brothers, there is now at & near Canada 9000 Indians 
ready to Execute any orders they may receive from the Brit- 
ish General in Canada. 

" Brothers, the Indians were so rejoiced to get their Wam- 
pum Carried to your Tribe, that they Danced & Drank three 
Days & Nights & Liquor was given them as free as water. 

John Prebble 
A True Copy 

Ja s Avery Sec'y of In 8 Ea n Dep 1 



To the Honorable the Council & the House of Represen- 
tatives in General Court Assembled at Boston. 

The Petition of the Committees on Penobscot River in 
Behalf of the Inhabitants Humbly Sheweth : — 

That whereas their is a Vote past by the Inhabitants of 
said River at their march meeting y e 22 d Instant Impowering 
the Committees of Safety & Correspondence to Represent 
The Deplorable State of the Inhabitance on said River — 

Wee humbly beg leave to acquaint your Honours as far as 
to our knowledge Extends, the Circumstances of the Inhabi- 
tance at present, it being an infant settlement, by which 
means there was but very little provisions raiz'd the year 
past which is now Expended and Two Vessells being lately 
taken by the Enemy, that usually Supply'd us has cut off 
our prospect of farther suplys and to ad to this, y e Enemy 
has threatened to block us up intircly, which if that should 
be the Case the Inhabitance Cannot subsist much Longer 

The Enemy likewise threatens to force a Trade here in 
order to get a Supply of Lumber which would be very disa- 
greeable to the Inhabitants to be forced to Trade with our 
('(iincn Enemy to get Relief, Therefore we thought proper 



244 DOCUMENTARY HISTOHY 

to Acquaint your Honours of our Situation in time & pray 

your Honors to send us instructions how we shall proceed, 

Or Grant us such Relief as your Honours in your Wisdom 

shall seem meet. 

And Your Petitioners as in Duty bound shall ever pray 

Penobscot River March 26 th 1779. 

Jonathan Buck Jon a Buck Jun r Samuel Keyes 

Ben a page Henry Black Letham French, 

Committee For the 2 d & 3 d Destrict. 

Jedediah Preble Benjamin Wheeler John Emery 

Simon Crosby Robert M c Cordey Andrew Grant 

Thomas Campbell Ephr m Grant, 

Committee of Safety. 

In Council April 30, 1779 Read and thereupon Ordered 
That Benjamin Greenleaf Esq 1 with such as the Honble 
House shall join be a Committee to consider the Petition & 
report what may be proper to be done thereon. 

Sent down for Concurrence John Avery D Secy 



L S Sir George Collier, Commodore & Commander in 
chief of his Majesty's Ships & vessells employ* 1 in North 
America 

The Schooner Freemason of the burthen of ninety-two 
tons navigated by M r Thomas Wier as Master and the five 
Seamen named in the Margin, Robert Hill W m England 
Patrick M c Guire Alex r M c Intosh George a Negro, is permit- 
ted to leave this port, and proceed with a flag of Truce to 
Falmouth in Casco bay, to carry Mr. Tyng, his wife & two 
servants, and to return to New York with M r Pots family, 
Mr. Wier and Family, Mr. Martin & family And Mr. Tyng 
and family with the goods. 

Given on board his Majesty's Ship the Raisonable off New 
York the l 8t May 1779. Geo: Collier 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 245 

To the Captains, Commanders, and other commissioned 

officers of his Majestys Ships & Vessells. 

By Command of the Commodore 

John Marr 
A true Coppy 

Stephen Hall Chairman of Committee 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives May 1, 1779. 

On the Petition of Andrew Gillman's praying for an order 
on the Commissary Genl for the back rations Due to an 
Ensign & twenty men who ware Stationed at Penobscott 
River & who Did Duty there from the 22 d of Jan'y to y e 7 th 
of Feb y 1778, being fifteen days which Rations he the said 
Gillman hath supply'd, out of his own Stores, and that he 
the said Gilman may have leave to make out a pay role for 
the aforesaid Ensign & twenty men for the time aforesaid. 

Resolved that the Commissary General be and hereby is 
Directed to Deliver to Left Andrew Gillman 330 lb of flower, 
412 lb of Beef, 41 Quarts of Peas 41 pints of Rice, 330 
Quarts of Beer or molasses Equivalent, 16 lbs of Buter, 7 lb 
of Sope, 2 gallons & 3 Quarts of Vinegar (if to be had). 
And it is further Resolved that said Gillman make up his 
pay role for the aforesaid Ensign and twenty men and Lay it 
before the Committee on pay Role for Examination and 
alowance. 

Sent up for Concurrence. 

John Pickering Spk r 

In Council May 1, 1779. 
Read & Concurred 

John Avery D. Secy 



246 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

State of the Massachusetts Bay To the hon° the Council 
and honorable the house of Representatives in great and 
general court assembled 

The petition of Sarah Waldo of Boston in the County of 
Suffolk widow of Samuel Waldo late of Falmouth in the 
county of Cumberland and guardian of Sally Waldo, Samuel 
Waldo, John Erving Waldo and Lucy Waldo, children of 
said Samuel deceased and minors humbly Shews : 

That said children are owners of several Tracts and lotts 
of land in Falmouth as heirs to their deceased Father ( except 
such part as your Petitioner owns as an heir to two of her 
deceased children ) and also of Two fifths of several undi- 
vided tracts and lots of land there lying in Comon among 
the heirs of the late Brigadier Samuel Waldo, Father of your 
Petitioners said deceased husband ( except as aforesaid ) 
That these lands are the principal estate of her said children 
upon which they depend for their education and bringing up : 
and yet being mostly wild and unimproved yield little or no 
present income and are not likely to yield any. That by 
late laws of the State they are liable to taxes & those in Fal- 
mouth only have been in part Assessed for the years 1777 
& 1778 at no less a sum than Sixty pounds lawful money and 
will probably have another considerable tax laid upon them 
the present year; That she has no personal estate of the 
deceased in her hands as Administrator to educate & support 
said Children or to pay said Taxes & such as may in future 
be laid upon said lands. That continual strip & wast is 
made upon them which she is unable to prevent That it 
would be of advantage to said Town & to the public if said 
lands could be sold, and that she can sell them to more 
advantage at private sale, than if they should be sold by the 
collector of taxes. 

Wherefore your petitioner humbly prays that she may be 
authorised and impowerd to sell and convey away in fee sim- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 247 

pie the said estate of her said children, or any part of it, both 
what they hold in common with the heirs of the said Briga- 
dier Waldo, and what they hold in severalty from said Heirs, 
and only in common among themselves, your petitioner giv- 
ing bond to the Judge of Probate for the County of Suffolk 
that she will sell them to the best advantage she can — that 
she will appropriate the monies thence arising to the purposes 
of educating and bringing up said children, & payment of 
such taxes as are or may be laid upon said lands before sold : 
and that she will account with said Judge when required for 
such sales & expenses & payments, and pay them the 
remainder of the monies arising thereupon according to his 
appointment & decree, and your Petitioner as in duty bound 

shall ever pray &c. 

Sarah Waldo. 

Sept 25, 1778 Reed & committed to y e Com tee on Pet. 

for Sale of Land The Committee on the within Petition 

Are of opinion that the Petitioner have liberty to withdraw 

the petition. 

Recommitted April 13, 1779. 

The Committee on the Within Petition are of the Opinion 

the Petitioner have Leave to withdraw her Petition. 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives May 3, 1779. 

On a Petition of Sarah Waldo Widow of Samuel Waldo 
late of Falmouth in the County of Cumberland deceased and 
Guardian to Sally Waldo, Samuel Waldo, John Erving 
Waldo and Lucy Waldo, the Children of the s d Samuel 
deceas'd praying for liberty to sell several Lotts of Land in 
said Falmouth belonging to them upon which they depend 
for their education & bringing up 

Resolved That the prayer of said Petition be so far granted 
as that the said Sarah Waldo be and she is hereby impowered 



248 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

to make sale of so many Lotts of unimproved Land in said 
Falmouth as she shall judge necessary for the purposes afore- 
said : not exceeding One Thousand Acres. 

She giving Bond to the Judge of Probate for the County 
aforesaid that the proceeds of such sale shall be applied to 
the uses above mentioned — And the said Sarah Waldo is 
further impowered to make & execute Deeds of such Lots 
accordingly. 

Sent up for Concurrence 



In Council May 3, 1779 
Read & Concurred 



John Pickering Spk r 
John Avery D Secy 



In the House of Representatives May 3, 1779. 

On the Petition of George Stillman in behalf of Capt. 
Robbins' Company Stationed at Machias the last Summer 
praying for further Relief. 

Resolved that there be paid out of the Public Treasury of 
this State, the sum of twenty shillings, per month to each 
non-commissioned Officer & Private Soldier belonging to said 
Company at their Order in addition to the Establishment on 
which they were raised. 

Sent up for Concurrence 



In Council May 3 d 1779 
Read & Concurred 



John Pickering Spk r 
John Avery D Secy 



By the Commandant of New York &c 
Permission is hereby given to Mr. John Leighton a Naval 
Prisoner, to pass to Falmouth in Casco Bay in the Flag of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 249 

Truce going there, and take with him his Wearing Apparrel 
to be examined by the Commissary of Prisoners or his 
Deputy. 

Given at New York, the Eighth Day of May one Thou- 
sand Seven Hundred and Seventy Nine. 

D. Jones L* Gen. Commandant, &c 

To all whom it may concern 

By the Commandant of New York &c 

Permission is hereby given to M r Hale, a Naval Prisoner, 
on Parole, to pass to Falmouth in Casco Bay & take with him 
his wearing apparrel and one piece of Callico, one piece of 
cambrick, one piece of stamp & one piece of Alamode 

Given at New York the Eighth Day of May One Thou- 
sand Seven Hundred and Seventy-nine. 

D. Jones L* Col. Commandant &c 

To all whom it may concern 

L S By Lieutenant General Jones, Commandant of New York 
Permission is given to William Tyng Esq r Mrs. Tyng and 
their two Servants, and Mr. John Martin, to pass with a flag 
of Truce to Falmouth in Casco Bay in the Schooner Free- 
mason, Thomas Wier, Master, navigated by the s d Thomas 
Wier and the five hands named in the margin, for the pur- 
pose of fetching Mrs. Ross & her family, M r Jeremiah 
Potte and his family, the family of M r John Martin, and the 
family of Mr Thomas Wier, with their effects to this city. 
The stores mentioned on the back hereof are for their use on 
the Voyage. 

Given under my hand & Seal in the city of New York the 
first day of May 1779. 

D. Jones L l Gen 1 
By order of the Commandant 

John L C Roome Secry 
To all whom it may concern — 

Copy examined pr Stephen Hall, Chairman of Committee 



250 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

By the Commandant of New York &c 
Permission is hereby given to John Maccarty, Will" 1 Wel- 
come, Eliphalet Noyes, Eleazer Ingles, Josiah Edes, Stephen 
Smith & Nathaniel Hilton — Naval Prisoners — to pass to 
Falmouth, Casco Bay in a Flag of Truce going there — and 
take with them their Wearing Apparral to be Examined by 
the Commissary of Prisoners or his Deputy — 

Given at New York, the Eighth Day of May One Thou- 
sand Seven Hundred and Seventy-Nine 

D. Jones, L* Gen. Commandant, &c 
To all whom it may concern 



Sir 

Agreeable to the Desire of the Honble Council Board a 
state of the Indian Affairs in the Eastern Department with 
the Situation of the post of Machias & the Eastern Country 
was Laid befor the Honble Court in April past with a mem 
for supplys. 

The said Business was referred to a Committee of Both 
Houses & the whole of the Troops was reported Necessary 
as allso some supplys which by the Low state of the stores 
were Diminished far short of what was requested & no way 
adequate for the purpose — a Resolve immediately passed 
agreeable to said report. But by the hurry of business, sev- 
eral very necessary matters which respected the perticulars 
in the said report was not resolved on, as allso several things 
in the General State, which are necessary to be attended to 
for the Interest of the State. 

As the public Service therefore requires my close attention 
to business I must request of you to Lay before the Honble 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 251 

the Council Board the following perticulars, which were in 
the State of matters before mentioned & is Necessary shoud 
be accomplished & Determined upon as soon as possible In 
the Resolve for raising 100 Kangeing Troops & Continuing 
the Artillery Company under the Command of Lieut. Albee, 
Their Bounty is not stipulated or ordered, allso money for 
paying said Bounty, & Commissions for the Officers are 
Wanting. 

The resolve respecting Trading with the Indians Does not 
point out How the Delinquents is to be prosecuted, and the 
punishment to be greater, as was requested, as it remains at 
present, it is Ineffectual for the purpose. 

The situation of the Indians on the River Penobscutt on 
the Behavour of the English Inhabitants in Defending them, 
& settling forcably upon the Lands Granted by the General 
Court to said Indians. Shoud nothing be done in this, the 
Continental Agent Cannot be reprehencible shoud the said 
Indians join the Enemy in Canada. 

A Commissary & Truck Master shoud be Legally appointed 
for the business. One Hundred Stand of Arms with amuni- 
tion is wanting for the use of the Militia in several parts, 
which was Earnestly requested. 

The prohibition respecting the Trade with Passamequoddy, 
so assential to prevent the great Supplys of Lumber Going 
to the Enemy. 

The State of the Militia Eastward of Penobscutt with the 
Great Embezzlement which has been hitherto practised has 
not been taken Notice of. 

The Supplys Diffident, & what is further wanting Agree- 
able to the Mem hereunto Annexed must be procured. 

The Honble Board will see from this, the situation of that 
Department, which is now Invested with Arm'd Vessells. 

I beg leave therefore to acquaint the Ilonble Board, that 
there will not be more than Twenty five white prisons with 



252 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Indians ( who Cannot be Depended upon for a regular 
Defence ) for the protection of that Part. From these Cir- 
cumstances, the Detainer here, & the Want of full supplys 
for Indians, the most Evil Consequences must be Expected 
By many of the Indians Leaving us, with the Loss of that 
Important part, & probable a great part of the Eastern Coun- 
try as it is beyond doubt many Settlements will give up to 
the britons shoud an attempt be made. 

Having accomplished all such business that Can be done 
at this Time, I shall Embrace the first fair Wind for Machias. 

I am with all possible respect & Esteem Sir, Your most 
Obd 1 very hbl. Ser vt 

J. Allan 

Con 1 Ag l for Indian Eas rn Dep 1 

Boston May 8 th 1779. 

The many British Cruizers which are on the Coast, will make 
it Precarious & Dangerous & will take up much time in Get- 
ing to Machias — will prevent my Sailing of a day or two. 

May 9 th 1779. 

The Hazard Capt. Williams being ready, it is Earnestly 
requested she might be Ordered some distance Eastward. 

Her name would be of great service in Striking a terror on 
the small Cruizers. The Cargo now on Board the Neashquo- 
wait is to Valuable to Loose. The Good qualifications of the 
Hazard woud prevent danger as to her. 

Shoud it happen that the Neashquowait be taken & myself 
made prisoner, I would recommend that Express Be sent to 
Cap 1 Stephen Smith, and that he have the management of 
the Indians, being very well acquainted & Suited to answer 
the Indians, I left instructions with him on my Departure 
from Machias. 

John Avery Esq r 

Dep y Secretary of the State of Massachustts. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 253 

Extract from Invoice of Sundry Merchandize &c delivered 
L l James Avery for Col John Allan Commanding Officer at 
Machias by Order of the Gen 1 Court — Viz: — 

War Office, Boston May 11, 1779. 



1000 Flints 




£ 10 


4 Bags Vermillion l lb each 


6£ 


24 


G doz. Indian Knives 


45/ 


13.10 


GOO 11 ' Powder 


40/ 


1200. 


1500 lead Ball 


6/ 


450 


50 Stand of Arms 


12<£ 


600 


Short charge on 4 th Vermilli 


on 48/ 


9.12 



To the Honorable the Council of the State of Massachu- 
setts Bay 

Joseph Noyes of Falmouth in the County of Cumberland 

Commissar}^ to the sea Coast men Stationed at Falmouth & 

Cape Elizabeth pray your Honours to give him a Warrant 

on the Treasury for one thousand Pounds to enable him to 

procure provisions &c for said men and as in Duty bound 

shall ever pray. 

Joseph Noyes. 
Boston May 12 th 1779 

In Council May 12 th 1779. Read & Ordered that a War- 
rant be drawn on the Treasurer for one thousand Pounds in 
fav' of Joseph Noyes Esq r for the Purpose mentioned in this 
Petition. 

-John Avery D. Secy 



by Virtue of a Resolve of the Great & General Court of 
the State of the Massachusetts Bay of February 19 th 1779, 
the selectmen of the Town of Berwick have caused the free- 
holders and Other Inhabitants of said town Duely Qualified 



254 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

to Vote for Representatives met together to Act upon said 
Resolve — 

Voted: the Hon ble Benj n Chadbourne Esq r moderator. 

The Question being put whether they chuse at this time to 
have a new Constitution or form of Government made, and 
it Unanimously pass d , in the Negative being Eighty-two pres- 
ent at said meeting. 

Berwick May 17 th 1779 

Robert Rogers John Hill James Warren Selectmen. 
To the Secretary of the State of Masschusetts Bay 



These certify that pursuant to a Resolve of the great & 
General Court of the State of the Massachusetts Bay passed 
the 20 th day of February 1779, in Regard to Forming a New 
Constitution for said State We have Caused the Freeholders 
& other Inhabitants of the Town of Wells qualified accord- 
ing to Law to Vote for Representatives to be lawfully warned 
to Meet together at the meeting House in the first parish in 
said Town on Monday the 17 tu day of May Instant who met 
accordingly & the Question being put Whether the said 
Freeholders and Inhabitants Chuse at this Time to have a 
New Constitution & Form of Government made it passed in 
the Negative Forty seven Voting against it & Fifteen for it. 

Wells May 17 th 1779 
Attest 

Nath 1 Wells John Wheelwright John Maxell, Barak Mor- 
rell Stephen Larrbig Selectmen of Wells. 

State of Mass a Bay York May 1779 

In compliance with the Resolve of the Gener 1 Court of the 
19 th Feb y last We have caused the Freeholders and other 
Inhabitants of this Town duly qualified to Vote for Repre- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 255 

sentatives to be duly warn'd to meet together this Day at 
the Town House here to consider of and Determine whether 
they choose at this Time to have a New Constitution or 
Form of Government made &c who accordingly met to the 
Number of Seventy and after mature consideration and seri- 
ous Debate the said Question was put to Vote and Unani- 
mously pass'd in the Negative 

Dan 1 Moulton Jn° Kingsbury Michael Wilson Joseph Sewall 

Selectmen of York 
To the Hon ble Samuel Adams Sec y of the State of Mass a 
Bay 



Falmouth May 18 : 1779 
Sir 

The Town of Falm being Duly Warn'd & meet in Town 
Meeting this Day to Vote on the Question of Adopting a 
New Form of Government at this Time Voted Yeas 10, 
Nays 33 

We are Your Most Hum S ts 

Daniel Dole Nath 1 Carll Benj Titwood Richard Codman 

Selectmen of the Town Falm 
To John Avery Esq r D y Secretary of the State Massachu- 
setts Bay 



Machias May 18 th 1779. 
Sir, 

I have the Honor to inform you of my safe Arrival at this 
place about 10 o'clock this Day, with the arni'd Schooner 
Xcashquowait and her Cargo in Good order. From the Vig- 
ilant attention to the business by Captain Smith & the other 
Gentlemen I left with him, I have the pleasure to Acquaint 
ih" Honble Board that the Indians in the Eastern Depart- 



256 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

rnent, have Continued Quiet & Easy Expecting a Priest & 
other Necessary Supply s, 

The Honble Board Cannot be unacquainted with how ill I 
am Supply'd with the Letter to discharge my duty & which 
I presume will be a sufficient Inducement for them to have 
Every matter required furnished & sent with all Expedition. 

The Britons are still pursuing every measure respecting 
the Indians & Every possible means are puting in Execution 
for the purpose. I trust I have Sufficiently Communicated 
to their Honors the probable Consequences which may arise 
shou'd not a Suitable attention be paid to this Department, 
and I have further to Acquaint them that some matters I 
have often warned them of has Taken place : 

I did not intend to have wrote, but by the Neashquowoit 
who I intend shall sail the beginning of Next Week, But an 
affair of some importance having taken place a few days ago, 
makes it necessary that I shoud send Express immediately. 

Accordingly you have herewith Intelligence received from 
Penobscot which I shall leave to their Honors Discretion. 
However True or what is intended by the Britains, I shall 
not determin, But Certain it is the messengers has been, with 
the Belt & strings of Wampum, and the whole of the Indians 
are in a flutter and the distress of the unhappy Inhabitants 
is Deplorable. 

I find myself surrounded upon every Quarter & nothing 
within to Defend the Cruizers on the Coast, the Enemy 
posted at Two places on St. John's River, & the Indians & 
Torys (the same as Butler at Susquahanah) on our Backs, 
the Inhabitants Miserable & Starving, But Twenty Men to 
Guard the place, a Number of beings to manage who requires 
Ten Times more then I can Give them, the Judicious world 
must View the Situation with Compassion. 

It may be rely'd upon that without the Interposition of 
Providence that this Country will fall a pray as at Susqua- 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 257 

hannah, those coming from Canada are Desperadoes & Cares 
nothing how things go, only to Glutt their malice and pride. 

I allso send you herewith the state of Nova Scotia as I 
Received it from some Trusty persons sent there for the 
purpose. 

I have further to acquaint the Honble Board, that the 
Toleration & Permission given so liberally for people to settle 
their Business and Remove their Effects from Nova Scotia 
has Terminated in an open Trade, & That a plan is without 
any manner of Doubt on foot to Turn the greatest part of 
the business Eastward to Nova Scotia. Several familys has 
Left this for Passamequoddy & some to St. John's & the 
leading people seems to Defy all authority. 

On the other hand, those who resides at Passamequoddy 
friends to Amarica & who has been a great means in keeping 
the Indians from going to the enemy by supplying them with 
provisions are Treated in the most barbarous manner, the 
Small Cruizers & whale Boats goes there & seases every 
tiling that they find ashore & on Board. I beg for the 
Honor of the Country, & the real Interest of the States 
that restraint may be Laid, to prevent this Conduct. 

I rely the Honble Court will have matters so ordered as 
that the Schooner may not be delay'd on her arrival at 
Boston. 

I have the Honor to Be with profound respect, y r Honors 

most ob' 1 & Devoted Hbl Ser 18 

J. Allan 

I must pray the matter may Be Transmitted to Congress. 

The Hon ble .Jeremiah Powell, Esq 1 



Persuant to a Resolution of the General Court of the 
Suite of Massachusetts Bay Passed Feb* 19 th 1779, the Free- 
holders and other Inhabitants of the Town of Kittery were 

18 



258 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

assembled when the Question was put whether they chose at 

this time to have a new Constitution or form of Government 

made when it passed in the Negative forty-two Persons being 

against it none for it. 

. Sam 11 Weeks Joseph Cutts Samuel Leighton Nicholas 

Spinney Japhet Emery 

Selectmen of Kittery 
Kittery May y e 18 th 1779 

To John Avery Esq r Dept. Secy State Massachusetts Bay 



Falm 19, May 1779 

The Committee of Safety &c. for y e Town of Falmouth 
beg leave to acquaint the Hon ble Council that a Flag of 
Truce from New York, Tho 8 Wyer an Absentee Commander, 
yesterday arrived in this Harbour, for y e purpose of carrying 
off a number of Families lately permitted by y e Gen 1 Court 
to depart this State, not to return again. There are on board 
y e Flag besides y e Master & Marriners, W m Tyng Esq r an 
Absentee & Lady & Capt n Martyn. The Flag desire to carry 
with them in addition to y e persons permitted Mrs. Ross, 
Mother to Mrs. Tyng, again to return to this State. The 
purpose of her going is to secure to her Daughter, Mrs. Tyng, 
an Estate she has in Scotland. She is then to return to this 
State her self, & secure what ever she has here ; And upon 
y e whole to secure whatever she, or rather Mr. Tyng, who 
has married her only Child, has both here & in Scotland. 

In y e above Flag came a very considerable number of Let- 
ters, some sealed & some unsealed. The Committee have 
inspected them. The Contents not very important : except 
that from y e general Tenor of them it appears that consider- 
able Correspondence & some trade is carryed on between 
some Inhabitants of this State & y e Enemy. For which reason 
we have forwarded a number to your Honors : one in special 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 259 

giving an Account of y e arrival of Tho s Boylstone in England. 
The Committee have ordered the Flag under y e Guns of 
y e Fort ; where she will remain till your Honors pleasure con- 
cerning her is known. 

By Order of the Committee 

Stephen Hall, Chairman 



To The Secretary of The State of the Massachusetts Bay 

In pursuant To a Resolve of the Great and General Court 
of this State of the 19 of february 1779 We the Subscribers, 
Selectmen of the Town of Gorham have agreeable to Said 
Resolve Caused The Inhabitants of Gorham to be Lawful 
Warned To meet Together To act on articles agreeable to 
Said Resolve They accordingly meet. The Number at said 
meeting was thirty-Two. The first question in said Resolve 
being put it passed in the Negative The whole Number 
present were unanimous. 
Gorham May 21, 1779 

Andrew Crockit James Gilkey 

Selectmen of Gorham 



These Certify that having married the Widow of the late 

Jotham Moulton Esq 1 Sheriff of the County of York, Dec a 

which Widow being one of the admin 8 on the said Dec' 1 

Estate & has all the Papers relating thereto I have had 

Opportunity of Perusing the same, and upon a Diligent 

Search cant find among them any Execution Issued in the 

Name of the former Treasurer, Mr. Harrison Gray against 

M r Joseph Bragdon late one of the Constables of this Town 

Sam 1 Nason 
York May 22' 1 1779. 



260 DOCUMENT Alt Y HISTORY 

State of Mass a Bay 
York SS. May 22 fl 1779. Mr Saml Nason who Sign'd the 
above Certificate personally appearing Solemnly made Oath 
to the truth of the same. 

Before me 

Dan 1 Moulton 

Justice of the Peace. 



To the Secretary of the State of Massachusetts Bay 
Sir, 

in obedience to the Resolve of the General Court of Feb y 
the 19 th We have Caused the freeholders and other Inhabi- 
tants of the Town of Fryeburg Qualify ed to vote for Repre- 
sentatives regularly assembled When ther was Eight for a 
Constitution or form of Government being Made at this time, 
and Nine against it. 

Moses Ames Simon Frye 

Selectmen of Fryeburg 
Fryeburg May 26 th 1779. 



To the Honor le Council of the State of the Massachusetts 
Bay — Humbly Sheweth 

that whereas the Subscriber being Commissioned By the 
Honor le Council of said State in the Year one Thousand 
Seven Hundred & Seventy Six to act as First Lieu* in the 
Ninth Company in the Second Regiment of Militia in the 
County of York inasmuch therefore as I for some time past 
have Been Deprived of my Health so far as rendering me 
Incapable of Discharging the Duties of said office — and 
think it my Duty to Resign to Your Honours the Trust so 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 261 

Reposed in me and do hereby make a Resignation thereof 
and am your Honours most obedient Hum ble Serv* 

William Lewis 



Kittery May 27 Ul 1779. 

At a Legal Meeting of the Inhabitants of the Second Par- 
ish in Falmouth held at the Meeting House in s d Parish on 
Tuesday 27 th April 1779, Deacon Nathan Noyes was chosen 
.Moderator. 

Voted that this Parish be Sot of as a Separate Town. 

Voted Messrs. Humphrey Merrill Sam 1 Cobb, Joseph 
Thrasher, Sam 11 Noyes & James Merrill be a Committee to 
transact the Business of the Day. M r Jabes Jones Enter'd 
his Desent against the Business of the Day. 
A True Coppy from the Records Joseph Thrasher P. Clerk. 

Fahn 27 th May 1779. 
the above Meeting was wholy on the Business that is Spec- 
ifyed above. 



To the Honorable the Council, and to the Honorable the 
House of Representatives of the State of the Massachusetts 
Bay, in New England. 

The Petition of a Committee of the Second Parish in Fal- 
mouth, in the County of Cumberland & State aforesaid, in 
behalf of said Parish, Humbly Sheweth. That said Parish 
consisteth of more than one hundred Families, exclusive of 
widows all which Families, four excepted, are more than six 
miles distant from the Meeting House in the first Parish in 
said Town, where the Meetings for transacting town Business 
are usually held — and more than one-half the Inhabitants 
of said Second Parish, are more than Eight miles distant 



262 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

from the Place of holding the meetings for said town 
Business. 

By reason of which Distance the Inhabitants of said sec- 
ond Parish are subjected to very great Inconveniences, — and 
in some parts of the Season, to almost insuperable Difficul- 
ties, in attending the Meetings for transacting the Business 
of said Town. 

Your Petitioners, therefore, not actuated by the low ambi- 
tion of swelling their Parish into a Town — not impelled by 
the sordid Principle of Self Interest; to ease themselves or 
Constituents of any publick Burden — nor influenced by a 
Disaffection to their Brethren of the other Parishes in this 
Town — but solely from a desire of enjoying only equal 
Priviledges with the rest of the Inhabitants of this Town, and 
such as have been freely granted to other of their fellow 
subjects of this State in like Circumstances with themselves 
are induced, humbly to lay their Case before this Honorable 
Court, — Praying your Honours, to take the Situation of the 
said second Parish in Falmouth, with respect to the First, 
and the Difficulties consequent thereon, as suggested above, 
under Consideration ; and to order us such Relief, as your 
Wisdom and Equity may direct — viz: by setting off the 
said Second Parish in Falmouth (by the same Meets & 
Bounds by which it has been already described) from the 
first & Third Parishes in said Town, a distinct Town or Dis- 
trict ; invest with the same Rights, Liberties & Priviledges 
that are granted to other Towns or Districts in this State. 
And your Petitioners, as in Duty bound, will ever pray. 
Humphrey Merrill Samll Cobb Samll Noyes James Merrill 
Joseph Thrasher 

Committee on behalf of the Second Parish in Falmouth 
Falmouth 2 nd Parish May 27 th 1779 

In Council Sep 1 15, 1779 

Read & Ordered. That Edward Cutts, Esq r with such as 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 263 

the Honble House shall join be a Committee to take into 
Consideration this Petition & Answer thereto — to hear the 
Parties who are present & report what may be proper to be 
done thereon. 

Sent down for Concurrence. 

John Avery D. Secy 

In the House of Representatives, Sept 15, 1779. 

Read & Concurred & M r Cranch & Coll. Reed are join'd 

John Hancock Spk r 



War Office Boston 29 May 1779. 
W m Frost Esq 1 ' of Falm 
Sir 

Your favor 24 th Ins 1 we have received and find upon exam- 
ination that the Facts there set forth are true. We shall as 
you deserve send you pr the first conveyance, one Barrel of 
our best Pork which we hope will be agreeable — the 
remaining Twenty five pounds pork we must pay for in 
money at the Current price. 

We are veiy sorry this matter has been so long delayed, 
but the hurry of office and the almost constant scarceness of 
that Article in the public magazine must be our apology. 
We are &c By order of y e Board 

Sam 1 Pps. Savage Pres 1 



In the House of Representatives May 29 th 1779 

< Ordered That Capt Batcheldor, Maj r Washburn & M r Phil- 
lips of Andover, with such as the Honorable Board shall join 
be a Committee to take into Consideration of the Letter from 
the Committee of Falmouth purporting the arrival of one 



264 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

Capt Wyer, in a pretended Flag of Truce, with the Papers 
accompanying said Letter — & report. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 

In Council May 29, 1779 Read & Concurred and 
William Tever and Aaron Wood Esq r are joined. 

John Avery D Secy 



To the Honor ble the Council & the House of Representa- 
tives of the State of the Massachusets Bay 

We the Subscribers with due Submission beg leave to 
Exhibit to your Honours this our Petition to in treat Your 
Honours to Consider our Case & if Consistant to grant our 
Request 

We severally have been honoured with Commissions & 
imployments from your Honours under Col° John Allan Con- 
tinental Agent & Superintendant for Indian affairs Eastern 
Department we have & always will be duly Sencible of the 
Honour Confer'd on us and have for two years Past indeavor d 
to the utmost of our ability to discharge the Duty we owe 
our Country & in Obeying & Executing the orders of our 
Commanding officers in our Several Stations 

With Gratitude we acknowledge to have Receiv d as a Rec- 
ompence for our Services the pay Stipulated and Established 
by Congress without the Emoluments such as Cloathing & 
advance pay Granted to the officers of the Continental Army, 
we beg leave farther to observe that this pay owing chiefly 
to the Depreceation of our Currency is become quite inade- 
quate & insufficient being stationed in a Country of Scarsety 
of Course every article of Necessity Exorbitantly deare so 
that we are almost unable to Subsist and it is impossible for 
us to support the dignity of our Ranks & Stations we here- 
fore pray 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 265 

That after due Consideraton of these Circumstances Pro- 
vision may be made for us. 

That our pay may be advanced & Clothing Granted us at 
the Stipulated prices for the army. 

And that we may share in every emolument and benefit 
Granted to our Brother officers in the Service of the united 
States as we share in every difficulty and danger which we 
brave & are determin d to Support. 

With becoming Patience Resolution and fortitude to the 
Best of our ability and as in duty Bound we Shall ever pray 

Machias May 29 th 1779 

John Preble Cap 1 Ind. Lew* Fred k De Lesdernier Lieu 1 
of Ind Ja 8 Avery, Lieut, of Ind 3 W m Albee Lieut, of 
Artillery Robert Foster Quarter Master 

These may Certify that the Gentlemen above Signed has 
Been for Some time Past in the Service of the United States, 
and upon all Occations Discharged their Duty with Honour 
and it is best to Observe the Difficultys & Distresses they 
have Sustain'd in the Depreciation of the Money, tho pursue- 
ing the Greatest Economy posible with their Situations 

J Allan Con 1 Ag l I. E. D* 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

To the honorable Council of said State 

The petition of Elizabeth Ross of Gorham in the county 
of Cumberland Widow humbly Shews: 

That her Son in law William Tyng Esq r with his wife 
your petitioners daughter arrived in the harbour of Falmouth 
on the eighteenth day of May current in a flagg of Truce 
from New York commanded by Cap 1 Thomas Wyer whose 
credentials your Petitioner understands are to be transmitted 
to Council & supposes your honors have received, or soon 



266 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

will. That by a letter from her friend in Scotland received 
by her son, for her, some time ago, which he has now brought, 
and from his information, she finds that her real estate in 
Scotland not only is likely to be of no income to her, but to 
be wholly lost, unless she takes some speedy steps to put the 
management of it into other hands than it is at present — 
that in the present situation of public affairs no power or 
papers to be sent directly from hence to Scotland would be 
there esteemed properly as authenticatul ; But that if she 
would be permitted to go in this flagg to New York there to 
tarry three or four months, till she could send over a power 
of attorney and other papers necessary she would most prob- 
ably be able to save that Estate, which if properly managed 
& duly accounted for, she thinks, would be very valuable ; 
wherefore, and as this flagg is come in part to carry her to 
New York (with leave from your honors) She humbly prays 
your honors to grant her leave to go thither for the said pur- 
pose ; & there to tarry three or four months and to return 
again to this State as soon as she conveniently can after said 
business is accomplished — and your petitioner as in duty 
bound shall ever pray &c. 

Eliz Ross 



The Com of both houses appointed to Consider the letter 
from the Com of Falmouth, with the papers accompanying, 
having considered the Same, report the following Resolves, 
which are Submitted 

W. Tever pr order. 

Resolved that the Council of this State be & hereby are 
requested to take Effectual care that the vessel commanded 
by Cap 1 Wyer, which lately arrived at Falmouth as a flag of 
truce from New York, be directed, as soon as may be, to 
depart with the several persons, who, by a Resolve of the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 267 

General Assembly of this State, have been permitted to go to 
New York 

And that the Council be also requested to direct the Com- 
missary of prisoners within this State to Inform the British 
Commissaries of prisoners at New York, Nova Scotia & New- 
port that in future, no flags from thence will be permitted to 
come to any port within this State, except the port of Boston, 
and addressed to the Supreme executive Authority, command- 
ing officers of the Continental troops or Commissary of Pris- 
oners within this State. 

Resolved that Elizabeth Ross be and she is hereby per- 
mitted to depart this State for New York in the flag of truce 
commanded by Cap* Wyer, with her Effects ; & that she 
be not permitted to return, without leave obtained from the 
Gen 1 Assembly, or, in the recess from the Council of this 
State. 

In Council June 2 d 1779 

Read & Accepted Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery D. Secy 

In the House of Representatives June 2 d 1779 

Read & Concurr'd 

John Hancock, Spk r 



Slate of Mass a Bay 

In the House of Representatives June 2 d 1779. 

Resolved that the Hon ble Henry Gardner Esq r Treas r 

Receive of the Committee of the State Lottery any money 

said Committee have on hand, or any they may Take for 

State Tickets untill the Fifth Day of June in c 

Sent up for Concurrence. 

.1 nl m Hancock Spkr. 

In Council June 2 d 1779. 

Ili-ad & Concurr'd John Avery D. Secy 



268 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

The Committee of both houses appointed to take into 
Consideration the Petition of the Selectmen of the Town of 
Sanford and the papers accompanying the same hear the 
parties and report what is proper to be done thereon — Have 
fully heard the parties and Observe that the Bills for incor- 
porating the Towns of Sanford & Coxhall Intercept a valuable 
part of each other's Grant ; That each of s d Towns contain a 
great Quantity of broken Land unfit for Settlements, and that 
if they continue Seperate Towns it is very probable the prop" 
& Inhabitants may be incumbered with Expensive Disputes 
about their property. The Committee are therefore fully of 
the opinion that it will be for the Interest of the Town of 
Sanford & Coxhall to be incorporated into one Town, by the 
name of Alfred, which name your Com tee have been informed 
would be very pleasing to many of the Inhabitants. Winch 

is submitted — 

Oliver Prescott p r ord r . 

In Council June 4 th 1779 Read & Not Accepted 
Sent down for Concurrence, Jn° Avery D. Secy. 

In the House of Representatives June 5, 1779 Read & 
nonconcured & Ordered to be recommitted 

Sent up for Concurrence John Hancock Spk r 

In Council June 5, 1779. Read & Concurred and there- 
upon Ordered That Artemas Ward Esq r be of the Committee 
in the Room of Oliver Prescott Esq r Absent. 

Sent down for Concurrence John Avery D. Secy 

In the House of Representatives June 5, 1779 Read & 
Concurred John Hancock Spk r 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

In Council June 5 th 1779 

The Committee of both Houses appointed to take into 

Consideration the Petition of the Selectmen of the Town of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 269 

Sanford & the papers accompanying the same hear the par- 
ties & report what is proper to be done thereon have attended 
the service assigned them and are of Opinion that the Oper- 
ation of the Act Incorporating Coxhall be still Suspended 
& that a Committee be appointed by the General Court to 
Repair to Sanford & Coxhall & view the same & report to 
the General Court in what manner Coxhall ought to be 
incorporated that is to say whether any of the land now 
included within the bounds of Sanford ought to be Incorpo- 
rated with Coxhall the Expence to be borne as the General 
Court shall hereafter order. The Committee that shall be 
appointed notify the Town of Sandford & Proprietors of 
Coxhall of the time & place of their meeting at least thirty 
days before the day of their meeting 
Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery D. Secy 

In the House of Representatives June 5, 1779 
Read & Concurred, And thereupon 

Ordered that Capt. Bragdon & Coll Prime with such as 
the Hon ble Board shall join be a Committee for the purpose 
aforesaid. 

Sent up for Concurrence John Hancock Spk r 

In Council June 5 th 1779 

Read & Concurred & Charles Chauncey Esq 1 is joined 

John Avery D. Secy 
Consented to by the Major part of the Council 

In Council Sep r 10 th 1779: Ordered that Edward Cutts 
Esq r be of the Committee for the Purpose mentioned in this 
Resolve in the Room of Charles Chauncey Esq r is Resigned. 
Sent down for Concurrence John Avery D. Secy 

In the House of Representatives, Sep r ll Ul 1779. 

Read & Concurred John Hancock Spkr 

True Copy Attest John Avery D. Secy. 



270 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

In the House of Representatives June 5, 1779 
Order' d That Coll. Prime be of the Committee on the Peti- 
tion of the Selectmen of Sandford in the room of Maj r Cross 
absent. 

Sent up for Concurrence John Hancock Spk r 

In Council June 5, 1779. Read & Concurred. 

John Avery D. Secy 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In Council June 5 th 1779 

The Committee of both Houses appointed to take into 
Consideration the Petition of the Selectmen of the Town of 
Sanford & the papers accompanying the same hear the parties 
& report -what is proper to be done thereon have attended 
the Service assigned them & are of opinion that the operation 
of the act Incorporating Coxhall be still suspended & that a 
Comittee be appointed by the General Court to Repair to 
Sanford & Coxhall & view the same & Report to the General 
Court in what Manner Coxhall ought to be incorporated that 
is to say whether any of the land now included within the 
bounds of Sanford ought to be Incorporated with Coxhall the 
Expence to be borne as the General Court shall hereafter 
order. The Committee that shall be appointed notify the 
Town of Sandford & Proprietors of Coxhall of the time & 
place of their meeting at least thirty days before the day of 
their meeting. 

Sent down for Concurrence John Avery D. S y 

In the House of Representatives June 5, 1779. Read & 
Concurred — & thereupon 

Ordered that Cap 1 Bragdon & Coll Prime with such as 
the Hon ble Board shall join be a Committee for the purpose 
aforesaid 

Sent up for Concurrence John Hancock Spk r 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 271 

In Council June 5 th 1779 Read & Concurred & Charles 
Chauncey Esq r is joined. John Avery D. Secy. 

Consented to by the Major part of the Council. 
A true Copy Attest John Avery D. Secy. 

In Council Sept 10 th 1779 Ordered that Edward Cutts 
Esq r be of the Committee for the purpose mentioned in this 
Resolve in the Room of Charles Chauncey Esq r resigned. 

Sent down for Concurrence John Avery D. Secy. 

In the House of Representatives Sept. 11, 1779. Read & 
Concurred. John Hancock Spk r 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

In Council June 9 th 1779. 
Read & Ordered that the Resignation of Capt. William 
Lewis be & hereby is accepted, and thereupon Ordered That 
Col Ichabod Goodwin of the second Regiment of Militia in 
the County of York be & he hereby is directed to cause the 
Ninth Company in his Regiment together with the Alarm 
List within the Limits of the same to meet together & make 
Choice of a First Lieutenant in the room of Lieu 1 William 
Lewis who has leave from this Board to resign his Commis- 
sion and to fill up such Vacancies as shall arise from said 
Resignation and he is further required to see that the Choice 
is made according to the Directions of the Militia Law and 
duly certified to the Secretary of this State. 

Attest Jn° Avery D. Secy 



To the Honor 18 the Council of the State of Massachusetts 
Bay 

the Commission which I Received from the Honorable 
Council in the year one Thousand Seven Hundred and sev- 



272 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

enty-six — authorizing me to act as Captain of the ninth 
Company in the Second Regiment of Militia in the County 
of York, the Duties of which Office I have in some measure 
Discharged Notwithstanding the present Cruel war has made 
the burden Exceeding Great to me — as I have Injoyed but 
a small Share of health for a long time. I should willingly 
further do the duties of my said Station did not Increasing 
Infirmities Prevent — so must beg leave to Resign to Your 
Honors my said office, and do accordingly make a Resigna- 
tion of it to you. I am your Honours most obedient Hum- 
ble Servt. 

Samuel Weeks. 
Kittery, June 4, 1779 

State of Massachusetts Bay &c 

In Council June 9 th 1779. 
Read & Order'd that the Resignation of Capt. Samuel 
Weeks be & hereby is accepted and thereupon Ordered that 
Col Ichabod Goodwin of the Second Regiment of Militia in 
the County of York be & he hereby is directed to Cause the 
ninth Company in his regiment together with the Alarm List 
within the limits of the same to meet together & make 
Choice of a Captain in the room of Cap* Samuel Weeks who 
has leave from this Board to resign his Commission and to 
fill up such Vacancies as shall arise from said Resignation 
and he is further required to see that the Choice is made 
according to the Directions of the Militia Law and duly cer- 
tified to the Secretary of this State. 

Attest 

Jn° Avery D. Secy 

To the Hon ble the Council, and the Hon ble the House of 
Representatives of the State of Massachusetts Bay, in Gen- 
eral Court assembled. 

This Petition Humbly sheweth, that by some mistake the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 273 

Town of Cape Elizabeth is returned as having Four Hundred 
& two polls in the State Valuation, which is one Hundred 
more than there is in said Town, which will appear by the 
Original List, taken by order of the Hon ble Court by the 
Assessors of said Town, in the Year 1778, which is here- 
with exhibited, which mistake we apprehend greatly aug- 
ments our proportion of the publick charge, both in 
the Taxes already paid and passed to the Credit of said 
Town ; and in the future till another Valuation is taken, 
And although there appears a chearfullness in the Town 
to pay their Just Quota to Support the country s cause, 
Yet our inability is such by reason of our Fishery & 
Navigations failing that to pay more than our Just propor- 
tion will soon render us incapable of paying any. Where- 
fore pray your Honors will take the matter into your wise 
Consideration and order the mistake to be Rectified and the 
Just Surplus passed to our Credit, if in Your Great Wisdom 
Shall think it Just. And as in Duty bound your petitioners 
Shall ever pray &c. 

Cape Elizabeth June 9 th 1779 

George Strout Clement Jordan George Deake 

Selectmen for Cape Elizabeth 



Cumberland S S. Falmouth June 5 th 1778, the within 
named Samuel Jordan Jun r being cautioned to declare the 
whole Truth made Oath to the truth of the within Deposi- 
tion by him signed, taken to be used in an action of Trover 
to be heard and tryed at the Inferior Court of Common Pleas 
to be held at Boston in and for the County of Suffolk on the 
second Tuesday of June next wherein John Underwood & 
others of Kittery are Plaintiffs & Ivory Hovey of Berwick, 
in tin; County of York, Physician & others are Defendants, 
taken at tin- Itequest of the said Hovey, the said Deponent 

19 



274 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Living more than thirty miles from Boston and the said 
Defendant living more than twenty miles from Falmouth the 
place of Caption was not notified 

Coram Enoch Freeman 

Justice of the Peace. 
True Copy Examined p r Enoch Freeman 

Justice of the Peace. 
The Deposition of Samuel Jordan Jun r of Lawful age tes- 
tifieth and Saith that living at Union River near Captain 
Bates Wharfe, where the Sloop Advance was brought the 
last of Novem 1 , 1775, and Secured, I well remember of see- 
ing her from time to time for the space of six months laying 
safe & well secured near y e Wharfe, but by what accident 
she went adrift I know not, the Sloop was the Sloop taken 
by Philip Hodgkins — and further saith not. 

Sam 1 Jordan Jun r 

true copy Examined p r Enoch Freeman 

Justice of the Peace. 



To the Honble the Council and House of Representatives 
of the State of Massachusetts Bay in General Court assem- 
bled — Or, in their Recess, To the Honble Council of said 
State — 

The Petition of Ivory Hovey of Berwick, in the County 
of York, Physician, in Behalfe of Himself, Samuel Jordan 
Esq r & Thomas Milliken of Union River, in the County of 
Lincoln, and others in said County Humbly Sheweth 

That in the Year 1775, soon after the Commencement of 
the present War, a Number of disaffected Persons belonging 
to the Eastern Part of Massachusetts Bay endeavored to sup- 
ply the Enemy with Lumber &c. in the Town of Boston — 
That, at that Time, no Maritime Courts had been established 
by Government. It was, however, thought highly necessary 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 275 

to prevent a practice so injurious to the Community and so 
highly beneficial to the Enemy. For this Purpose the Gen- 
eral Court appointed a Committee, in the County of Lincoln, 
consisting of upwards of Twenty Persons, who were vested 
w T ith Power, to enquire into, hear & determine all Matters 
relative to any Vessels supposed to have been employed in 
Supplying the Enemy — and appointed the said Samuel Jor- 
dan Esq r chairman and your Petitioner Clerk of said Com- 
mittee. 

That a Commission was made out accordingly. In Con- 
sequence whereof a Number of Vessels which had been 
employed in carrying Supplies to the Enemy at Boston were 
Seized, among others was one belonging to Capt. Under- 
wood of Kittery and Commanded by one Nehemiah Eastman 
a Person notoriously inimical to his Country, who has since 
joined and is now with the Enemy, if living. 

After the Committee had made the necessary Examinations 
and find that she had not only been trading to Boston with 
Wood and Provisions the Greater part of the Summer but 
had contracted to go there again, and, in her last Voyage, 
had been employed in transporting some Ammunition up the 
Bay (as represented in the Comittee's Report, a Copy of 
which is herewith presented ) they directed that the Cargo 
and Appurtenances should be stored & the Vessel made 
Secure — at the same Time appointing the said Jordan Milli- 
ken and your Petitioner a Sub-Committee for that Purpose. 
Accordingly after She had been down the River to transport 
a small Quantity of Salt for the Use of the Inhabitants to 
which those of the Committee then present consented & in 
wliicli small Voyage She received no Damage, She was made 
Secure at a Wharf & the Cargo & Appurtenances were stored 
agreeable to the Committees Direction. 

Ah your Petitioner had determined to enter into the Con- 
tinental Service the better to facilitate his Intentions II e had 



276 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

let out his Interest for three Years — without the least 
Expectation of returning to Union River until the Expiration 
of that Term and left that Place on or about the 3 rd Day of 
Dec r 1775, at which Time he is able fully to prove, if 
necessary, that the aforesaid Vessel was there safe and secure 
and in as good a condition as when he first saw Her, and 
Supposed Himself by no Means Answerable for any Acci- 
dent, as he had faithfully discharged the Trust reposed in 
him by the Committee. 

Your Petitioner being chosen by the Committee to make 
Report of their Proceedings to the General Court waited on 
them for that Purpose in the Month of January 1776, and 
Delivered an Account of the whole of their Proceedings 
relative not only to the aforesaid Vessel but also to other 
Transactions of said Committee, to D r Taylor or M r Hopkins 
who were of the Comittee appointed to receive said Report. 
Your Petitioner having waited several Days that He might 
have Opportunity to hear their Opinion of the Eastern Com- 
mittee's Proceedings then requested one of the aforesaid 
Gentlemen to make their Report that He might be discharged. 
He was told that it was wholly unnecessary for Him to tarry 
any longer as He might depend on the Courts Approbation 
respecting the whole of the Committee's Proceedings. Accord- 
ingly, having communicated by Letter an Account of his 
whole Proceedings to the Chairman and acquainted Him with 
the Court's Resolution upon their Report, He took Leave of 
the Committee, entered into the Continental Service, in which 
He has since continued, and never expected to hear any 
Thing further of the Matter. 

But to his great Surprize, about the 8 th of April 1778 (as 
He was on his Journey from Camp at Valley Forge ) 
Between Boston and Salem He met Samuel Jordan Esq r by 
whom He was informed that in the Month of June or July 
1776, by some Accident the Sloop Advance had broke her 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 277 

Fast, went adrift and bilged — that Capt. Underwood had 
petitioned the Court for her Restoration, which was refused — 
that Hotchkins, who was the Captor, had obtained Leave to 
libel Her in the Maritime Court but, in Consequence of an 
Agreement made between Him and Underwood, did not think 
proper to prosecute his Libel — and that one Nathan Jones 
having obtained a Power from Capt. Underwood had made a 
Demand of it from Him, the said Jordan, and that He replied 
that He had no Authority to deliver it except by Order of 
the General Court. Whereupon He had commenced an 
Action against the said Jordan, M r Milliken & your Peti- 
tioner and the principal Part of your Petitioner's Interest 
was attached by the Officer, that Jones had got Possession 
of his Cattle which He had converted to his own Use — and 
the Persons to whom He had leased his Estate in the County 
of Lincoln had been subjected to great Inconvenience and 
Cost. 

Your Petitioner thereupon presented a Memorial to the 
Court who were pleased to order a Suspension of the Prose- 
cution of the Action until their further Orders and at the 
Same time an Order was granted for the Return of the 
Cattle which had been attached by the Officer — Upon which 
your Petitioner proceeded to Frenchman's Bay, upwards of 
Two Hundred Miles distant from Boston, and waited on 
Jones with said Order & made a Demand of his Cattle in 
Presence of Thomas Milliken & Samuel Jordan J r And 
although Jones acknowledged that they were in his Custody 
and had been attached in Consequence of the aforesaid 
Action, yet He refused to deliver them ( unless your Peti- 
tioner would tarry until M r Underwood's Consent could be 
obtained, which could not be effected in less Time than Two 
Mouths, as He lived more than Two Hundred Miles distant) 
of the private Accounts which were then open between Him 
and the said Jones — which being examined the Ballance 



278 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

appeared in Jones' Favor about <£4 — which your Petitioner 
then tendered (not Having his own Account with Him ) but 
Jones refused to accept the Money. He thereupon tendered 
the whole Amount of Jones' Account, which He likewise 
refused, but at the same Time engaged not to give your 
Petitioner any Trouble respecting it & agreed that the 
Accounts should be put into the Hands of M r Milliken( then 
present) to be adjusted at a future Day. But, to his great 
Surprize, the very next Morning M r William Tupper, the 
Deputy Sheriff who had made the former Attachment came 
to your Petitioner's House and presented a Writ upon the 
very Account which had been examined the preceding Day, 
and which your Petitioner knows to have been the same by 
the addition of a particular Charge therein which He made 
with his own Hand, with an Indorsement on the same Writ 
that he had attached the before mentioned Cattle not less 
than three months before by Virtue thereof, Your Petitioner 
thereupon tendered the Money to the officer but he likewise 
refused to accept it and at the same time said he had Jones' 
Order therefor with his Obligation to save him harmless from 
any Damage that might accrue in Consequence thereof & 
observed that He was determined to pay a Strict Obedience 
to Jones's Direction. Having left a Copy of the Writ He 
returned to Jones and your Petitioner agreed with a Person 
to appear for Him at Court, Satisfy the Account & represent 
the whole of the Officer's Conduct to the High Sheriff — but 
the officer came the next Day and appeared desirous to Settle 
the Affair saying Jones had consented to receive the Money, 
which your Petitioner agreed to pay on Condition that he 
would deliver a Copy of the Obligation which Jones had 
given Him with a Certificate that the Cattle were really 
taken by Virtue of the Action commenced on Account of 
the Sloop — with which He readily complied. Your Peti- 
tioner thereupon presented Him with your Honor's Order for 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 279 

a Delivery of His Cattle but the Officer said it was impossible 
for Him to comply with it as they were in Jones' Possession 
who refused to deliver them. 

In the Month of June following your Petitioner repre- 
sented the whole of these Matters to your Honors when you 
were pleased to grant Him an Order for taking 'his property 
of every Kind taken by the said Jones or by the said Tupper 
or by any other Person under the Direction of the said Jones 
&c.' & at the same Time directed the Sheriff of the County of 
Lincoln to take the said Jones & Tupper into Custody & 
bring them before the General Court. 

A duplicate of the foregoing Order your Petitioner sent to 
the Gentlemen who have the Care of the Estate at the East- 
ward & having left a Petition for an Allowance of His neces- 
sary expences &c together with all the Evidences respecting 
Jones's & the Officers Refusal to Comply with the Order of 
Court in the Hands of M r Hopkins, he repaired immediately 
to Camp — not doubting but Jones would be directed on 
being brought before the Court to pay all the Expences which 
had necessarily arose in consequence of the Action, of his 
waiting on Him with the Order of Court and his procuring 
Evidences &c. 

Your Petitioner has, however, lately been informed that 
being brought before the Assembly He declared the 
Cattle were not taken in Consequence of the Action Com- 
menced on Account of the Sloop Advance and that He had 
Settled the Matter entirely to your Petitioner's Satisfaction, 
which Assertion was an absolute Falshood as your Petitioner 
has never seen Him since. He presented Him with the first 
Order of Court, whereupon He was liberated without receiv- 
ing Orders to make your Petitioner any Satisfaction for his 
extraordinary Trouble and Expences which had necessarily 
accrued in Consequence of said litigious Action, and your 
Petitioner is also informed that by some Mistake it has so 



280 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

happened that the above mentioned Action has been re-en- 
tered in the Inferior Court of the County of Suffolk and 
Judgment obtained against Him — He supposes without any 
Defence having been made on the Part of either of the 
Defendants, as Nothing was more foreign to his Expectations 
than that it would be revived, being confident it could not be 
done without the Consent of the General Court & not less 
confident that they would never give their Consent as not 
only the whole Comittee was concerned therein but the House 
who constituted them. 

Your Petitioner doubts not the Disposition of the Honble 
Court to cause ample Justice to be done to every Subject of 
the State — this is a Matter of much Importance to them 
and they rely on your Honor's Candor to excuse the Length 
of their Petition. The other Gentlemen, who were Defend- 
ants, being at a great Distance, He supposes his Estate will 
be liable for the whole Amount of the Judgment of Court, 
which has been obtained in Consequence of an Action com- 
menced by a man notoriously inimical to the Independence 
of America & which He conceives to have been utterly incon- 
sistent with Justice & Equity. He therefore prays that 
Orders may issue for staying the Execution on the aforesaid 
Judgment of Court and the said Action entirely prohibited. 
He also prays that He may have Orders for Payment of the 
Damages he has sustained. 

As your Petitioners have never received any Reward for 
all their Time and Expences in transacting Business when 
called on, agreeable to their Commission, they beg Leave also 
to lay an Account thereof before your Honors & pray for 
such an Allowance of the whole as your Honors in your 
Wisdom shall think proper. 

The above named Samuel Jordan and Thomas Milliken 
living at a great Distance and being unable to attend upon 
the Honorable Assembly they have requested your Petitioner 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 281 

to lay these Circumstances before them & for that Purpose 
have given Him a written Power — To effect which He has 
obtained a short Furlough from the Comanding Officer. His 
Attendance being very expensive and He under the Neces- 
sity of making a speedy Return to Camp He therefore prays 
your Honors would come to a Determination as soon as may 
be on his Petition and cause Justice to be done in the 
Premises. 

And as in Duty bound will ever pray &c 

Ivory Hovey 
In the House of Representatives June 7, 1779 

Read & thereupon Ordered That Mr. Fessenden Mr Nash 
& Mr. Lewis with such as y e Hon ble Board shall join be a 
Committee to consider the same, & report. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 

In Council June 7, 1779. 

Read & Concurred and Timothy Danielson and Joseph 

Simpson Esq r are joined. John Avery D. Secy 



State of the Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives June 1779 
on the petition of Stephen Eldrage praying that he might 
have liberty to go to Nova Scotia and bring his Effects into 
this State 

Resolved that Stephen Eldrage be permitted to take pas- 
sage in the schooner Kingfisher Capt. Rider Commander and 
go to Nova Scotia and Bring his Effects into this State and 
all masters of armed vessels in the Service of the United 
States or either of them excepting this State are desired not 
to molest or hinder the said Stephen Eldrage in his passage 
and all masters of armed vessels in the service of the States 
are directed not to molest or hinder the aforesaid Stephen 



282 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Eldrage in his passage from hence and in his Return back 
again to this State provided he Returns within six months. 

In Council June 8 th 1779 

Read & Sent down John Avery D Secy 

The Committee appointed on the Petition of Ivory Hovey 
and others a Committee in the County of Lincoln commis- 
sioned by the General Court to inquire into, hear and deter- 
mine all matters relative to any Vessels supposed to have 
been employed in Supplying the Enemy of which Samuel 
Jordan Esq r was chairman have considered the same and 
Report as follows — 

Resolv d That the Sum of Seven hundred & Three pounds 
five Shillings and Six pence be paid out of the Treasury of 
this State to Ivory Hovey to Satisfy the Judgment obtained 
against him as one of the said Committee by John Under- 
wood for his retaining the Sloop Advance, by order of the 
General Court as Damage & Cost, and the said Ivory Hovey 
or some other of the said Comittee are hereby directed to 
make an Inventory of all the appurtenances saved from the 
Sloop Advance, and that did belong thereto, under Oath, 
and deliver the Same with the aforesaid appurtenances to 
the Board of War previous to the said sum of seven hundred 
& three pounds 5/6 being paid to the said Hovey that the 
State may receive the benefit Thereof, and the said Commit- 
tee are hereby directed to exhibit their particular Account 
for Time and Expence necessarily spent and advanced in and 
about the Execution of their said Commission to this Court 
for allowance and payment. 

In Council June 8 th 1779 

Read & Sent down John Avery D. Secy 

Gen Lovell M T Fessenden Gen 1 Farley 
June 8, 1779. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 283 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives June 9, 1779 

On the petition of Ivory Hovey in favor of himselfe and 
others a Committee in the County of Lincoln (Commissioned 
by the Gen 1 Court) to enquire into, hear & determine all 
matters relitive to any Vessels supposed to have been 
employd in Supplying the Enemy, of which Samuel Jordan 
Esq r was forman, & have Considered the same and report 
as follows. 

Resolved that the sum of Seven Hundred & three Pounds, 
five shillings and Six pence, be paid out of the Treasury of 
this State to Ivory Hovey to satisfy the Judgment obtaind 
against him as one of the said Committee by John Under- 
wood for his detaining the Sloop Advance, by order of the 
General Court, as damages and cost, and Samuel Jordan 
Esq* is hereby directed to make an Invantory of all the 
appurtenance Saved from the Sloop Advance and that Did 
belonge thereto, and when so Invantoryed, to make Sail of 
the same for the most it will fetch by public auction, observ- 
ing the rules of law in that case provided — and Exhibit an 
Act of the proceeds of the Sale of said appurtenances, with 
said Committees Ac 1 of Time and Expence to this Court for 
ajustment, within three months from the date of this Resolve. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council June 10 ,h 1779 

Read & Concurred Warrant drawn this Day 

John Avery D Secy 

In the House of Representatives June 10 th 1779 
On the Petition of the Inhabitants of the Second Parish 
in the Town of Falmouth, in the County of Cumberland, 
Praying to be set off from the first and third Parishes in 
said Town and made a Distinct Town or District 



284 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Resolved that the Prayer of said Petition be so far granted, 

As that the Town of Falmouth may be notified by serving 

the Town Clerk with an Attested Copy of said Petition with 

this Order of Court thereon, at least Fifteen Days before 

the Second Wednesday of the Next Setting of this Court, 

that they may Shew Cause if any, they have on said Day 

why the Prayer of said Petition Should not be Granted. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council June 10, 1779 

Read & Concurred John Avery D. Secy. 



To the Honorable the Great & General court of the State 
of Massachusetts Bay in General Court assembled June 
1779. 

The Petition of Mary Perham wife of Samuel Perham of 
Newcastle in the County of Lincoln, Humbly Shevveth: — 

That the said Samuel Perham in January 1777 inlisted in 
to the continental army as a Soldier for the said town of 
Newcastle, that he has continued in the army ever since, in 
the regiment lately commanded by Edward Wigglesworth 
Esq r & in the company lately commanded by Israel Davis. 
That your petitioner has six children and is drove to the 
greatest extremity & unable to support them. That she has 
at several times tenderd to the Selectmen & Committee of 
said Newcastle money amounting to half her husband's 
wages to be supplied agreeable to the acts & resolves of this 
State. That the said Selectmen & Committee have refused 
to supply your petitioner with necessary provision agreeable 
to said acts & resolves and the whole that she has rec'd of 
them during her husband's absence is mentioned in the 
schedule hereto annexed. That your petitioner's husband 
has been taken by the enemy & return'd again to the army 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 285 

& has continued in the continental Service & not once 
return'd to his family since his first enlistment. 

Your petitioner wou'd further represent that she is so poor 
that she is unable to go to law with, the said Selectmen & 
Committee & unless she can receive some help from the Hon- 
orable court She & her children must perish for want. 
Wherefore your petitioner prays that the Honorable court 
would pass some resolve to compell the said committee to 
supply her & family with the necessaries of life agreeable to 
the encouragement given to the soldiers by the former reso- 
lutions & acts of this State. And your petitioner as in 

Duty bound shall ever pray. 

Mary Perham 

Account of things reed of the committee of Newcastle 

1778. 1 bushel of corn — 1 hundred of alewifes 40 lb beef 

1779. 1 peck of meal — 28 lb beef — 15 lb beef 
Yo. bushel salt — 7 p r shoes — 1 bushel salt 

Mary Perham 



To the hon ble the Council and House of Representatives 
of the State of the Massachusetts Bay in general Court 
assembled, April 8 th 1779. 

The Petition of Leonard Williams, Elijah Livermore & 
Elisha Harrington, a Committee appointed by the Proprietors 
of a Township of Land granted June 11 th 1771, to Sam 1 
Livermore Esq r & others lying in the County of Cumberland 
and State afores' 1 humbly sheweth : That the great and 
general Court or Assembly of the then Province, now State 
of the Massachusetts Bay made a Grant of a Township of 
Laud to them, their Heirs and Assigns forever in the year 
1771, conditioned to lay out one sixty forth Part for the first 
settled Minister, one sixty fourth Part for the Ministry, one 
sixty-fourth Part lor the School and one sixty fourth Pari 



286 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

for Harvard College, to Return a Plan in twelve months, 
settle sixty families, settle a learned protestant Minister and 
build an House for the public Worship of God in seven 
Years ; that they exhibited a Plan of said Township to, and 
was accepted by the then great and General Court of the 
Province of the Massachusetts Bay in the Year 1772, on 
Condition the foregoing Conditions were fulnll' d on seven 
years that the Proprietors have laid out one sixty fourth 
Part for the first settled Minister one sixty fourth Part for 
the Ministry one sixty fourth for the School and one sixty- 
fourth Part for the use of H. College that by Reason of the 
cruel and unnatural War wherein the United States of 
America are now engag d it has been impossible to settle sixty 
Families, a learned protestant minister or build an House for 
public Worship of God. 

They therefore pray your Honors would take the same 
into your wise Consideration and grant them the further 
space of seven years after the Conclusion of this just & 
necessary War, to perform the foregoing Conditions, and 
your Petitioners as in Duty bound shall ever pray &c 
Leonard Williams Elijah Livermore Elisha Harrington 

Committee. 

Petition of Leonard Williams and others Capt. Brown, 
Coll Whitney, Capt. Bonney. 

June 12, 1779. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 
In the House of Representatives June 12 th 1779. 
On the Petition of Joseph Bragdon praying for the Staying 
of an Execution made out against him by the Treasurer of 
this State and that he may be alowed the money he paid to 
Harrison Gray Esq r Late Treasurer of this State 

Resolved that the prayer of the Petition be Granted and 
that Henry Gardner Esq 1 Treasurer of this State is hereby 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



287 



directed to recal the Execution he issued against said Brag- 
don and Likewise Discharge him of the sum of Eighty-three 
Pounds, six shillings & 4 d which he paid to the late Treas- 
urer Gray which he had not been Credited for. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council June 12 th 1779. 

Read & Concurred John Avery D Secy 



In the House of Representatives June 14 th 1779. 

Whereas it appears upon examination of the Accounts of 
the County Treasurer for the County of York, that all the 
monies granted by and allowed by the Court of General Ses- 
sions of the Peace for said County from April 1778 to April 
1779 was for such purposes and appropriations as the Law 
impowered the said Court to Grant and the Ballance due to 
the executors of said Treasurer is the sum of three pounds 
Seven Shillings and seven pence 

Therefore Resolved that the said account be allowed. 
Sent up for Concurrence 



In Council June 17, 1779 
Read & Concurred 



John Hancock Spk r 
John Avery D. Secy 



Pownalboro' June 15 th 1779. 
I hereby certify & declare that as attorney to Timothy Par- 
sons in the cause commenced against him by Abiel Wood I 
made an agreement with Wood's attorney & he consented 
that I should give any special matter in evidence under the 
general issue which agreement I thought & always told Mr 
Parsons woud be abided by through the whole of the first & till 



288 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

final judgment That at the June temi 1779 in the afternoon 
of the third day of the court Setting, the said action was 
called & I mentioned the said agreement to the said Woods 
attorneys & they refused to abide by it & called upon me to 
plead. I moved the court for a continuance to plead spec- 
ially. I was denied. I then requested the court for time 
till the next morning when I woud be ready with a special 
justification. The Court refused to grant time 'till the next 
morning. I then began to write a special plea while at the 
table & the Court order'd me to give the general issue or else 
be defaulted & accordingly I gave the general issue. 

Timy Langdon Att y To T. Parsons. 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives June 17, 1779, on the 
Petition of Leonard Williams and others representing to this 
Court that in the year one Thousand Seven hundred and 
Seventy one, the General Court Granted to Samuel Liver- 
more Esq r and others, a Township in the Eastern part of 
this State, upon certain Conditions set forth in s d Petition, 
and that the Commencement of the present War made it 
impossible for them to compleat the said Conditions, and 
prajdng that a further time may be allowed them ; Therefore 

Resolved, that the Prayer of the Petition be Granted and 
that they be allowed the further term of seven years to Com- 
pleat the Conditions which are enjoined on them by a Resolve 
of the General Court. 



Sent up for Concurrence 

In Council June 17, 1779 
Read & Concurred 



John Hancock Spk r 
John Avery D Secy 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 289 

Georgetown June 18 th 1779 
Sir, 

However the Eastern Country may seem neglected by the 
General Court, it appears to be considered as of no small 
importance to the enemy of America, how little soever it 
is concerned in Governmental matters, its inhabitants sup- 
pose themselves entitled to the protection of Government in 
common with other parts of the State : Frequent alarms of 
lesser dangers have been formerly notified to the Hon ble 
A ssembly ; many have been suffered & not mentioned at all : 

From the effects of former essays many suppose there is 
but little encouragement to make new representations to the 
Legislative authority : this may perhaps prevent others of 
more capacity from apprizing your Honor of the present 
alarming state of the County of Lincoln: 

But as this appears to be of more than ordinary import- 
ance to us in these parts and I ought not to doubt but the 
truest principles of Patriotism & impartial Justice have ever 
Dictated the public counsels of the State, I therefore think 
it my duty as a friend to American liberty & to the safety of 
the Country where I dwell to give your Honor the following 
information, viz : 

By the uniform tenor of all accounts from Halifax since 
the termination of last campaign, we have been induced to 
expect the present would open with a vigorous attempt to 
reduce this country to a coalition with Nova Scotia: several 
visits of small craft from that quarter to various parts of the 
Eastward this spring, have seemed intended to prepare the 
way for this trial, and to announce the enemy's design to 
make it effectual. 

We still however had entertained hopes, that these like 
their wonted threats in similar circumstances would vanish 
into smoke without fire; and that the obscurity & remote- 
ness of tliis Country, joined with the general poverty of its 

20 



290 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

inhabitants ( which naturally ensured their following the 
conquest on whatever side it fell ) would have been its pro- 
tection : yet the present appearances seem sufficiently serious 
at once to reprove that hope and bring it to a period. 

This morning credible intelligence from St. Georges & 
Waldoboro arrived at Boothbay where I reside : the former 
brought the news of the arrival of a Fleet of British Ships 
of war &c in Penobscut bay : the latter y* some troops were 
landed & actually fortifying- there : being on my way to this 
place, I thought it best to take no public notice of these 
tidings until further inquiry — on my arrival here I received 
information by means of a prize lately from Halifax that 
some ships of force with 500 troops on board had sailed 
thence, destined for some part of the Eastern shore of Mas- 
sachusetts bay : Not long after, by a vessel that anchored at 
Small-point, the intelligence from St. Georges & Broadway 
was confirmed : but this evening the matter was put beyond 
suspense by the crew of a snow that had fallen into the 
enemy's hands at Penobscut : from whence having hardly 
escaped, they had just arrived in this river. By them we 
learn that 8 British ships of war & seven arm'd brig ts , 
schooners &c. with a considerable land force had arrived at 
that place, — had landed cannon &c. with an army of 800 ( or 
as others said of 1500 ) men & were begun to fortify at 
Majebigwaduce on the Eastern side of Penobscut-river : that 
they had obliged the inhabitants quietly to submit to & 
assist them in this attempt & that they are destined to pos- 
sess themselves of the other places further Westward as far 
as Falmouth. 

Intelligence of this event will be conveyed as soon as pos- 
sible to Brigadier Cushing from whom, doubtless, & perhaps 
from the authority the Hon ble Board will be more particu- 
larly informed of it, as well as of the several movements of 
these invaders, but from my acquaintance with the present 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 291 

state of the County of Lincoln, I could not but fear that the 
loss of a day or two might be of very dangerous consequence, 
nor therefore persuade myself to refrain from availing myself 
of this earliest opportunity of conveying to your Honor such 
information as I have been able to obtain ; earnestly hoping 
that the Hon ble Board will not fail to enter upon the neces- 
sary measures for the defence of this Country, & that with 
the dispatch which the exigence of the case requires : 

And on this particular I beg leave to suggest that from a 
pretty universal knowledge of this County, I can venture to 
affirm that notwithstanding all its disadvantages, there is not 
another under your Government more generally & more cor- 
dially disposed to exert itself to the last extremity, in the 
present righteous & all important quarrel of these States : 
were the necessary means of resistance in their power. 

But, thro' their indigence & the peculiar difficulties of 
their location they are greatly deficient in equipments: & 
almost universally destitute of bread & such other provisions 
as are necessary for a march : the harbours & settlements 
contiguous to harbours can make no resistance, save just 
enough to offer a plea for indiscriminate carnage & devasta- 
tion : unless supported by the interior towns, these are unable 
to come to their assistance without necessary provisions for 
the sustenance of life on the service : thus very few from 
such places could furnish to themselves for a march of four 
days & from their still more distressed brethen on the shores 
they can hope for no supply. 

These causes will inevitably prevent any effectual aids 
arriving from this quarter to y e seasonable succour of any 
place that may be attacked: tho' I would engage as speedy 
& general a confluence of the trained bands of this County 
to such [daces, as has been or can be exemplified in any part 
"I this or any other state in the land — were they able to 
bring with them the necessaries of life from their respective 



292 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

homes: or certain of being supplied when the alarm shall 
call them. 

The various clamours of the most alarming representations 
from divers parts of the county & sometimes from the whole 
being treated with neglect by the Legislature of the State, 
do not in the least deter me from assuring myself, that, on 
the present crisis the Hon ble Council will not overlook the 
extremity to which we are likely now to be reduced: nor fail 
to send us the earliest assistance, by such a force as may be 
competent to the task of repelling these barbarians; or by 
such supplies of the necessaries of life as may enable the 
Brigadier of the comity to keep a Magazine sufficient to 
encourage the inhabitants themselves to turn out & keep 
together on the occasion : or otherwise that your Honor will 
communicate to this distressed people the speediest instruc- 
tions relative to the duty expected of them in their present 
situation. 

These things, dictated by unfeigned zeal for the preserva- 
tion of this defenceless country, as well as for the support of 
the common glorious cause, & written by the request of such 
of the respectable inhabitants as I have had opportunity to 
see since this alarm are now hastened off to your Honor in 
the greatest hurry, but without any design of foreclosing the 
accounts which you may receive from the proper authority & 
are humbly submitted to your Honor's wise consideration by 
Sir Your most obedient & most humble Servant 

Jn° Murray 
The Honorable Jeremiah Powell Esq r 

P. S. Georgetown June 18 th 1779. 
The facts stated in the foregoing letter Ave believe may be 
depended on : and in the requests it contains we heartily 
concur. 

John Parker Jordan Parker Abr m Preble 

Will m Lithgow Sam 1 M c Cobb Jas. M c Cobb 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 293 

In Council June 80 th 1779 Read & Sent Down 

John Avery D. Secy 

In the House of Representatives June 30, 1779 

Read & thereupon Resolved That the President of the 

Council be & hereby is requested to write to the Rev d Mr. 

Murray & inform him of the measures this Court have taken 

to dislodge the Enemy from Penobscot. 
Sent up for Concurrence 

In Council June 30, 1779. Read & Concurred 

John Avery D. Secy 

Pownalborough June 19 th 1779. 
May Please your Honors 

Agreeable to the Resolves of the thirtieth of April last I 
have Issued orders to the officers of my Brigade requiring 
them to inlist men agreeable thereto. 

I would inform your Honors that at present there seems 
no prospect of getting one man as the Bounty offered is in 
the Esteem of the people inadequate 
I am with respect 

Your Honors most Obed* H Me Ser vt 

Cha s Cushing Brig r 
To the Hon bIe Council of the State of the Massachusetts 
Bay. 

War Office 19 June 1779 
W' : ' Frost Esq 1 of Falm 

Sir 

Your favor 9 th Instant was this Day received, and are 

much obliged by your information, which evinces that regard 

& attention to the public Interest, as demand mirbest thanks. 

We are clearly in opinion that the intelligence you have 

given us is not to be disregarded ; bu1 that our Duty requires 



294 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

we should take every proper step for securing so valuable a 
property, and at the same time preventing the Enemy from 
making so important an acquisition. We therefore wish you 
to cause all the Masts under your care to be removed with- 
out loss of time further up your river to some place of safety, 
and where they may be out of the Enemy's reach. Such 
charges as may arise on this business we will Chearfully pay — 
your Drafts for which shall meet due honor. 

We are &c By order of the Board 

John Brown, P. P. T. 

Pownalborough June 19 th 1779. 
Sir 

Inclosed is a petition which be so kind as to present to the 
Hon Dle house. The matters contained in the petition is of 
great consequence to the petitioner & unless the court will 
do something to help her she must suffer. I have wrote to 
the committee of Newcastle but they will do nothing & the 
woman according to my advice tendered them the money 
which they offered to take & give her for it what corn it 
would fetch at the present exorbitant price of £15 p r bushel 
& would not receive it on any other terms. The sum she 
tendered was eighteen pounds. In short the soldiers wifes 
in the eastern country suffer so much that should it be 
known in the army I should not wonder if all who have left 
families here should desert. 

If any order should be passed on the within petition if you 

will leave it at my fathers he will forward it. 

I am Sir with respect Your Humble Ser vt 

Tim Langdon 
Hon ble Sam 1 Freeman Esq 1 

woud it not be as well to send some necessaries to her & 
put it in the next tax bill for Newcastle, She paying the 
Selectmen money to the amount of x / 2 her husband's wages? 



OF THE STATE OF MAIISTE 295 

In House of Representatives Octo br 1779. 
On the Petition of Mary Perham Resolved that the Select- 
men and Committee of the town of Newcastle in the County 
of Lincoln be served with a Coppy of said Petition and this 
order, and Notified to appear on the Second Wednesday of 
the Next Setting of this Court to Shew Cause if any they 
have why they have Not Complyed with the Resolve of the 
General Court passed on the Sixth Day of february Last. 



Pownalborough June 19, 1779. 
May Please your Honors/ 

Col. Buck is here on he [ torn ] an express to inform your 
Honors of the arrival of the Enemy at Penobscot on Satur- 
day last viz : a [ frigate ] of thirty-Two Guns, another of 
Twenty Guns & another of Eighteen ; a Brig of Sixteen or 
Eighteen Guns & a schooner of Ten Guns, and Five or six 
Transport Vessels with Eight hundred Troops, Commanded 
by General M c Lean. Their determination as it is said is to 
erect a Fort where Penobscot Fort stood & another at Maja- 
baggaduce. At the last mentioned Place they had begun 
their work before Col. Buck left Penobscot which was last 
Wednesday. For a more particular account I refer your 
Honors to Col. Buck as also with regard to the manner of 
his being forced from his habitation & the distressed situa- 
tion of the Inhabitants for want of provisions. 

Your Honors too well know the Utility of that Harbour 
to this State to suffer it long in their possession as well as 
the great advantage it would be to them in distressing our 
navigation. There is a great difficulty in the way of the 
militia of this County's turning out not having provisions to 
support them, not one Family in Ten having I > read in their 
Houses nor anything else Scarcely except from day to day, 
neither is there a sufficientcy of arms nor anumition I men- 



296 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

tion these difficulties — that if your Honors should form any 
Plan to expel them, with assistance from the Militia of this 
County & the County of Cumberland that there should be 
supplies of this sort made. There seems a propriety in giv- 
ing this matter a Consideration on many acc ts in particular 
on account of the low ebb of our Currency — designing per- 
sons taking advantage of this to seduce many well disposed 
persons that hard money will be plenty whereby they may 
obtain the necessarys of Life more readily. If the General 
Court should think proper to send a suitable force of shiping 
which with other assistance by Land — It is thought they 
might easily be dislodged. 

I am unacquainted with regard to the payment of 
expresses but conclude it must be at the expence of the 
State. I have afforded Col. Buck what assistance was in 
my power. I have procured him a Horse, should be glad 
he might receive directions for obtaining his pay. 

I am with the greatest respect 

Your Honors most obed* h ble serv* 

Chas. Gushing, Brig r 

The Hon ble Council of the State of Massachusetts Bay 

In Council June 23 d 1779. 

Read & Sent down 

John Avery D Secy 

In the House of Representatives June 23 d 1779. 

Read & thereupon Ordered That General Farley Gen 1 

Lovell & Coll. Gerrish with such as y e Hon ble Board shall 

join be a Committee to consider the same & report 

Sent up for concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 

In Council June 23 d 1779. 

Read & Concurred and Walter Spooner and Henry Gard- 
ner Esq rs are joined. 

John Avery D Secy 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 297 

The Committee of both houses appointed on Brig r Cush- 
ing's Letter have further Considered the same and ask leave 
to Report the Resolve herewith presented. 

W. Spooner by Order 

In the House of Representatives June 26th, 1779. 

Read & pass'd as amended. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 

In Council June 26, 1779 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D. Secy 



War Office June 21, 1779. 
M r Joseph Noyes, 

Sir We this moment received yours by Cap* Good- 
ing, and are Sorry it is not in our power to send you the 
Flour you desire by him, we hourly expect a Supply both by 
Land and Water, when it arrives you shall have sent you 
what is Necessary. We have a Vessell in with some Rice, 
which, as soon as it is on Shore, if an Opportunity offers, 
shall send you some, which must satisfy The Troops until 
we have Flour to supply them with. I am &c 

S. P. Savage Pres* 



Falmouth June 22 d 1779. 
The Committee of Safety for the Town of Falmouth, at 
the desire of a large part of the Inhabitants individually, beg 
leave to represent to the Non 1,l,; the Ceneral Court the Situa- 
tion & Circumstances of the Town. A number of Men are 
called for from this Town & County, there are already 
from the Town of Falm° many more Men engaged in y e Ser- 
vice of the United States of America than what our former 



298 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Quotas have amounted to, by which means our numbers are 
reduced. In this Situation we are threatned with an Inva- 
tion. The Enemy are already at Penobscott. Reports from 
that Quarter are that the Enemy are waiting for a Reinforce- 
ment from New York, that when Reinforced their intention 
is to proceed to Falm to take post there : & to annex as 
great a part of Province of Main, as possible, to Hallifax. In 
these circumstances we are desired to pray the Hon ble Court 
that no Men may be taken from us; for that, should the 
Enemy invade us, we should need more Men than we now 
have. 

We have dispatched a Boat East to make discovery of the 
Enemy, and if possible, of their real Intentions — upon her 
return any important discoveries will be made known to the 
Court. 

By Order of y e Committee Stephen Hall, Chairman. 

The Hon We General Court of State of Massachusetts Bay. 



Machias June 23 rd 1779. 
Sir 

I am sorry to acquaint you that the Enemy has taken pos- 
session of some part of the Eastern Country, tho' I was 
allways Sanguine in my Oppinion this woud be the Case 
sometime, still I was in Hopes it would not have taken place 
so soon, or till we were in a Better Situation. 

On Sunday past about Two o'clock afternoon I receiv d 
Intelligence from Nova Scotia that a fleet, on Board of which 
were a Body of Troops, had sailed on a secret Expedition, 
about Two hours after Lieut. Col Campbell arrived with 
Intelligence that the Enemy had landed in Penobscott Bay, 
there to fortify and make a stand which since has been fur- 
ther confirmed, and no doubt the Hon ble Board has received 
the perticulers better then I can inform them. 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 299 

Finding the people were so reduced for want of Provisions 
that it was only from day to day they coud procure suste- 
nance for their family, by which there was not a Possibility 
of Compelling them to Turn out as the Law Directs, Either 
for defence or to March to oppose the Enemy, I recom- 
mended to the Committee & Militia Officers to Call the 
Inhabitants together to find out What they were Inclined to 
do. They finally Determined to defend the place to the Last 
Extremity, upon which I promised to Do my utmost for that 
End, which if other ways Agreed I shoud immediately have 
moved the greatest part of the Stores &c to Passama- 
quoddy. 

In Consequence of the above determination Three Block 
Houses are Building, one of which I shall Fortify round for 
the Heavy Cannon & fix thereon a magazine for the Ordi- 
nance Stores. 

As matters were thus Circumstanced & the necessity of 
immediate Exertion to defend the Country from the inroads 
of the Enemy till the pleasure of the Court was known, I 
formed a plan for the Troops that we might appear as formi- 
dable as possible & to Enable us to procure such measures 
as were necessary. Accordingly I Called in Lieu 1 Col Camp- 
bell of the Militia, Ordering him to take part Between this & 
Penobscot on purpose to Gete what of the Militia he Coud, 
to Observe the Motions of the Enemy & to prevent the 
Inhabitants falling in with the proposals made by the Brit- 
ain s. I took Major Stillman into the service, being usefull 
in fortification and other military service. I am necessitated 
to do this, on acct. of being oblidged to be part of my time 
at Passamaquoddy as well as attending Sometimes More 
Westward. I appointed Capt. Jeremiah O'Brien, Captain 
of the Panging Company & to raise men immediately Agree- 
able to ;i Resolve of the Gen 1 Court the 20 th April past 
These I propose keeping at Machias. I shall myself as aUso 



300 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Rev d Mr. Lemotte go thro' the cliff 1 Villages of Indians, 
and Endeavour to Collect as many as possible & Gete them 
as near Machias as their Hunt for Subsistence will admit. 
There wait till I hear from Westward. 

After some Consideration & reflection, Fearing to Loose 
time seeing the despondency of the people, and the artfull 
Insinuations used By a number of Villians I took upon 
myself ( no Doubt presumptuously ) to Issue a Proclamation, 
relying it might have Effect upon some, & to Convince the 
Britains there was a Spirit & Determination to oppose. If 
it is thought to Be Imprudent, I trust it will not be attributed 
to any other motive then a Zeal to use Every means to pre- 
serve the Country. 

But after all this there is a dull appearance that we shall 
be able to hold out Long if an Attempt is made against us. 
The Hon ble Board will no Doubt Justly Conceive of our Sit- 
uation at present. The Enemy Eastward & Westward Close 
to us — their Cruisers along shore, The Indians uneasy Per- 
ticularly the Penobscut none of whom has been here since 
my arrival tho' I have sent twice, several of our Indians Been 
to St. John ( in spite of all the priest or myself Coud do ) 
where they are Treated far beyond what I am able to do — 
not Twenty persons with me, only about One Hundred w* of 
flower & 8 Barrels Beef in the Stores, nor nothing to Engage 
men But persuasion. 

I shall Leave nothing undone in my favor, to fullfill the 
Intention of Government & it may be rely'd upon I shall 
defend the Country to the Last Extremity. But if it is 
Intended still to keep these parts from Being Lost or 
Destroy'd & preserve the Interest of the Indians, there must 
be, without Loss of time Troops & Supplys Sent. 

Any Determination respecting this department, I humbly 
request to Be Informed of as soon as possible. 

I wrote By two Opp° Since my Arrival of the State of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 301 

affairs here, one by the Neash'quo'woit, the other by Land, 
which I hope has Gote to hand. 

I send this By Express having Engaged a small schooner 
for the purpose, which is the only method I coud take, that 
there was any Probability of Success to Convey Westward — 
as she is a Vessel that Goes well, & might not be so much 
Suspected. It woud be highly necessary for the good of the 
Service & Interest of the States, for her to be Dispatched 
with some provisions. For further perticulars I refer The 
IIon Me Board to Doctor Chalander. 

I am with the utmost Respect & Esteem Sir 

Your most Ob 1 & very hie Ser vt 

J. Allan 
The Hon ble Jeremiah Powell, Esq. 



War Office 23 June 1779 
James Richardson Esq r A. D. C. G of Issues 

Sir We have the directions of Government to make a 
large Supply for the Continental Garrison at Machias and such 
Articles as are not in the State Store, we are ordered to bor- 
row of the several Continental Agents in this place. As you 
are so kind as to offer us the loan of some pork, Pease & 
Rice, we have drawn upon you in favor of L l Avery for 50 
Barrels Pork, 4 Casks Rice & 30 bushels Pease for the above 
purpose. 

We are &c S. P. S. Pres 1 pr order 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives June 23 d 1779 
on Representation Made to this Court by the Town of 
Foxborough in the County of Suffolk and Cape Elizabeth in 
the County of Cumberland that they ware over-rated in the 



302 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Number of Men set to said Towns in a Late Resolve of this 
Court for filling this State Qoto of the Continental army, 

therefore Resolved that there be Deducted out of Number 
of Men Laid on said Town of Foxborough by said Resolve 
two men and on the said Town of Cape Elizabeth three men 
any Resolve of this Court to the contrary notwithstanding. 

Sent up for Concurrence John Hancock Spk r 

In Council June 23 d 1779. Read & Concurred 

John Avery D. Secy 



To the Honourable the Great and General Court of the 
State of Massachusetts Bay in New England in June 1779. 

The petition of Timothy Parsons of Pownalboro in the 
County of Lincoln Humbly Sheweth — 

That at the inferior Court of Common pleas held at Pow- 
nalboro in September 1777 Abiel Wood of said Pownalboro 
commenced an action against Your petitioner for certain 
words spoke by Your petitioner ( respecting his correspond- 
ing with the Enemy and his being enemical to these States ) 
against the said Abiel that the said action was continued 
from term to term by consent till this June term. That at 
June term 1778, an agreement was made between your 
petitioners Attorney and the Attorney of the said Abiel 
Wood that any special matter might be given in evidence 
under the general issue, which agreement your petitioner 
and his attorney Understood would be abided by till the 
final determination of the Suit that at this term your peti- 
tioner had sufficient evidence as he apprehends to justify 
his speaking as he did of the said Abiel that the plaintiff 
and his Attorney having a Sight of a Deposition fell from 
the said Agreement of giving any Special Matter in evidence 
under the general issue and the Courts refused to grant a 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 303 

continuance to plead specially and altho mov'd woud not 
put of the cause till the next morning for your petitioners 
Attorney to plead Specially but ordered him to plead instant 
and give the General issue or else to be defaulted. Your 
petitioner's Attorney therefore plead the General issue as 
directed by the Court and on the tryall the Courts refused to 
admit any of Your petitioners Evidence against said Wood 
to be Given in mitigation of damages Avhereby the jury found 
a verdict against Your petitioner for £200 damages and 
Cost. Your petitioner therefore apprehending that at the 
Superior Court he shall be Obliged to abide by his Said plea 
of the generall issue and not be allowed to justify Under it, 
Humbly prays the Honorable Court would take the matter 
into Consideration and as it cannot be of any injustice to the 
plaintiff Order that the defendant be allowed to plead 
Specially or to give any special matter in evidence Under the 
General issue as to the Hono ble Court Shall seem Most just — 
and Your petitioner as in duty bound Shall ever pray 
June 23, 1779. Timothy Parsons. 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives June 23 d 1779. 
Upon the Petition of Timothy Parsons, praying that he 
may be admitted to plead specially at the Superior Court at 
which an Appeal is to be heard & tried of an Action brought 
against the s d Timothy Parsons by one Abiel Wood at Pow- 
nalborough in Sept r 1777 for scandalous Words — Resolved 
thai the Prayer of said Petition be & it hereby is granted for 
the Reasons set forth in said Petition: And the Superior 
Court of Judicature, Court of Assize &c. of this State before; 
whom siiid appeal shall be brought, are hereby impowered & 
directed to admit the said Petitioner by bis attorney to plead 
any Matter specially in justification of the Words alledged in 



304 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Writ, to have been spoken by said Parsons against said 
Wood, any Law, Usage or Custom to the contrary notwith- 
standing. 

Sent up for Concurrence John Hancock Spk r 

In Council June 24 th 1779. Read & Concurred 

John Avery D. Secy 



Falmouth June 24 th 1779 
Col Jordan who went express to y e Eastward for the pur 
pose of getting Intelligence of the Enemy in that quarter 
return'd & Reports that he went as far as Westsouthweigig 
( about twenty Miles distance from Majorbagaduce ) the best 
Intelligence he could obtain from the Inhabitants there was, 
that there were at Penobscott one Ship of 32 Gunns, one d° 
of 24, one d° of 24, one d° of 20, one brigg of 16 Guns & 2 
10 Gunns Schooners & a number of transports: they had 
Landed 800 Hylanders & fortified Majorbagaduce Hill with 
a considerable Number of Cannon — they saw a proclamation 
Issued by the Commander there, in which they suggest that 
they were invited by some of the principal Inhabitants of 
Majorbagaduce, Penobscot & Deer Island to come & take 
possession there, & requiring the Inhabitants to lay down 
their Arms & Swear Allegiance to the King of Great Britain 
or depart the place within 8 Days, in consequence of which 
many of the Inhabitants had complied & were at Work 
assisting them to Fortify — that they expected a Reinforce- 
ment from New York, when their Intentions were to proceed 
to Townshend & thence to Falmouth. 

Col Jordan further Reports that he saw some of the 
Inhabitants who had been on board the Ships and had the 
above Requisitions made to them. 
A true copy Attest : Moses Titcomb, 

Clerk of Committee of Safety. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 305 

The Com tee of both houses appointed to take into Consid- 
eration the letter from Brig r Cushing & Report what may be 
proper to be done thereon, have attended s d Sarvice & Report 
as their opinion that it is Expedient to send a Naval force to 
Penobscot to dislodge the Enemy that has lately taken post 
there — that the Board of War be directed to fit for sea all 
armed Vessels belonging to this State that can be fited for a 
cruize against s d Enemy within six days, and the Navy 
Board, and owners of private armed Vessels now in the port 
of Boston & in the port of Salem, Marblehead Beverly & 
Newburyport, be desired to fitt such Vessels for sea, that 
can be got ready within Six days to cooperate with the State 
Vessels against said Enemy, and the Com tee ask leave to 
sit again. 

All which is Submitted 

W. Spooner by Order 

In Council June 24, 1779. 

Read & Sent down John Avery D. Secy 

In the House of Representatives June 24 th 1779. 

Read & accepted Sent up for Concurrence. 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council June 24, 1779. 

Read & Concurred John Avery D. Secy 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives June 24, 1779. 

it being represented to this Court by the Selectmen of 
Several Towns in this State Setting forth that they have 
Advanced bounties to Soldiers detached from the Militia in 
fcheii Respective Towns, to serve in Wades & Jacobs Regi- 
ments att Rhode Island the last year Agreeable to a Resolve 
of the Genera] Court of this State passed June 12 th 177s as 

2\ 



306 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

appears by their Accounts Exhibited to this Court, for which 
they have received no Consideration. 

Therefore Resolved that there be paid out of the Publick 
Treasury of this State to the Selectmen of the Several 
Towns hereafter named the Several Sums as Sett against 
their Respective Towns, Viz : — 

And it is further Resolved that there be paid out of the 

Publick Treasury of this State to Haunce Robinson of a 

plantation in the County of Lincoln Called the Lower Town 

of St. George for a bounty of fourteen pounds advanced to 

one Pierce Grafton a Soldier detach* from s d Plantation to 

join the above s d Regiment in full. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 

In Council June 24, 1779. 

Read & Concurred John Avery D. Secy. 



Farm June 25, 1779. 

To the Honourable the Council & Honourable House of 
Representatives of State of Massachusetts Bay 

The Committee of Safety for the Town of Falm together 
with the Select Men, having last Sunday dispateh'd Colo. 
Jordan in a Whale Boat with 5 Men to the Eastward to 
learn what force the Enemy had at Penobscott & also to find 
out if Possible whither the Fleet that appear' d off this Har- 
bour Saturday last were an Enemy or Continental Vessels, 
and if Continental to apprize them of the Enemies being at 
Penobscott: Colo. Jordan return'd last night & made a 
Report of what he had discover'd, a Copy of which is 
enclosed together with Cap* Hallets ace* of the Continental 
fleet & also two Letters from the West Indies for the French 
Minister & Consul at Philadelphia. The Committee being 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 307 

of opinion that your Honors be immediately inform'd of 

these things, have sent off an Express, which we hope will 

meet with the approbation of the Honorable Court, and that 

measures will be taken by the General Court to prevent, if 

possible, any further progress of the Enemy into this State 

& we would beg leave further to inform your Honors, that 

the Inhabitants in general in the Countys of Cumberland & 

Lincoln are in the utmost distress for want of Bread, that 

together with the Machinations of Tories the Enemy are 

now taking the advantage of, and may if some immediate 

Remedy is not applyed, prove very prejudicial to the United 

States of America. And should the Enemy attack us in 

this place and the Militia be call'd to our assistance we have 

not bread sufficient for two Days. Your Honors are 

undoubtedly sensible that should the Enemy take post here, 

the principle part of Province of Main will fall into their 

Hands, we would therefore pray your Honors to take the 

matter in your Consideration, whether it will be prudent to 

take any Men from this County at Present. 

We are, your Honors most ob* & very Humb le Serv ts 

By Order & in behalf of the Select Men & Committee of 

Correspondence &c at Falmouth 

John Waite 

In the House of Representatives June 28 th 1779. 

Read & thereupon Ordered That Gen 1 Farley, Coll. Dawes 
& Coll. Baldwin with such as the Hon ble Board shall join be 
a Committee to consider the same & report & the Committee 
are directed to consider & report what further steps are 
proper to be taken to carry into effect the Expedition to 
Penobscot & sit immediately. 

Sent up for Concurrence John Hancock Spk r 

In Council June 28, 1779 

Read & Concurred and Walter Spooner and Timothy Dan- 
ielson Esq™ are joined .John Avery D Secy 



308 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

The Com tee of both houses appointed on the letter of y e 
Select Men & Com tee of Correspondence of the Town of Fal- 
mouth, have attended the sarvice assign'd them and Report 
the Resolves herewith presented. 

W. Spooner by Order 

In Council June 28, 1779. 

Read & Sent down John Avery D. Secy 

Boston June 25 th 1779. 
Gentlemen 

Your letter of y e 22 d Inst, directed to the General Court, 
came to hand yesterday, giving an ace* of the Enemies Land- 
ing at Penobscot. The Court by Express rec d the like Intel- 
ligence Two days before. 

Spirited Exertions must be made both by sea & Land to 
dislodge the Enemy Immediately, and it is not doubted, but 
that the Eastern counties of this State will upon this occasion 
be zealous to cooperate with Sufficient force to effect that 
Important business. The New Levies for the Continental 
Army from the Counties of Cumberland & Lincoln will be 
dispensed with, as a Regiment will be raised from each of 
those Counties for the Intended Expedition to Penobscot. 
We expect you will advise us from time to time of such 
Intelligence, as you shall Judge will be for the public good. 

To the hon ble the Council & the hon ble House of Repre- 
sentatives of the State of Massachusetts Bay 

The Memorial of the Subscribers Inhabitants of the Town 
of Newburyport sheweth that from the best Intelligence they 
can collect the Enemy have made or are attempting to make 
a Lodgment in Penobscot River, for which purpose they 
have come with a Frigate ( the Blond ) two twenty Gun 
Ships, the Brig Hope of Eighteen Guns, & Transports with 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 309 

Eight hundred Men — the Fleet making together fifteen 
Sail — least Your Honors may not have had so direct Intel- 
ligence they have sent a young Man (who is lately from 
Penobscot River) of whom the situation of the Enemy may 
be enquired — the Subscribers being Owners of the following 
Armed Vessells — Vizt. the Ship Vengeance mounting 20 
six pounders the Ship Monmouth of 24 six pounders — the 
Ship Sky Rockett of 16 fourpounders — the Brig Pallas of 
the Same Metal — all of which may be equiped in a week 
from this Time — Added to which there are two Ships & a 
Brig in this port, ( Prize Vessells ) which together will mount 
seventy Guns four & six pounders. The Subscribers ever 
zealous to promote the public Good & do more than their 
proportion if necessary, offer for the public Service the four 
first mentioned Vessels, provided any Expeditions can be 
planned in force to reduce the Enemy — the Owners of these 
Vessels if it is neceesary to compleat the Expedition are 
willing to risk their Vessels & to take the Trouble of equip- 
ping them for the Sea, provided the Expence of victualling 
manning & equipping is paid out of the public Treasury. 
The owners of the two Prize Ships & Brig are willing to let 
them for this public Service, provided in addition to the 
Expence of Equipments as afores d the said Vessels are val- 
ued & paid for if lost. If this Proposal meets with the 
approbation of your Honours, the earliest Information given 
to Subscribers will be attended to with the utmost Expedition. 

John Tracey 
Newbury port 23 d June 1779. 

Jon a Jackson Jacob Boardman Tho 8 Thomas 

Joseph Marquand Nat Tracey Tristram Dalton 

S;un' Batchelder John Coflin Jones 

In Council June 25"" 1771* 

Read & Sent down. John Avery D. Secy. 



310 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

In the House of Representatives June 25, 1779. 
Read & committed to the Committee on the Letter from 
Brigadier Cushing. 

And the Committee are directed to sit immediately. 

Sent up for Concurrence John Hancock Spk r 

In Council June 25, 1779. 

Read & Concurred. John Avery D. Secy 

State of Massachusetts Bay June 25, 1779. 

The Committee of both Houses to whom was committed 
the Memorial from the Merchant of Newburyport report the 
annexed Letter. W. Spooner p r Ord r 

In Council June 25, 1779. 

Read & Accepted & thereupon Ordered that the President 
of the Council be & he hereby is desired to sign said Letter 
in the Name and behalf of the General Court. 

Sent down for Concurrence John Avery D Secy 

In the House of Representatives June 25, 1779. 

Read & Concurred John Hancock, Spk r 



War Office Boston 26 June 1779 
Tristram Dalton Esq 1 

Sir The Enemy having with several arm'd Ships and a 
number of Land Forces possessed themselves of Penobscott, 
the removal of them is considered by Government as a very 
important object, and it is their intention to make Every 
exertion that it may be accomplished. As a necessary step 
to which they have passed the inclosed Resolve, by which 
you will see the engagement made to the owners of private 
arm'd Ships. The very generous offers made by a number of 
Gentlemen of your place in their memorial to Government 
leave us no room to doubt, but every assistance in your 
power will be afforded in this matter, and nothing shall be 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 311 

wanting on our part to fulfill the duty assigned us by the 
order of Court. 

We send this by Express, and shall be much obliged if 
you will inform us by his return of the number of ships you 
can equip, and the Time when they can be got ready. We 
ask the favor of you to communicate this to the Gentlemen 
owners of the Armed Vessels in your port. 

We are &c By order of Board 

John Brown P P. T. 



War Office Boston 26 June 1779. 
Capt. Allen Hallet — 

Yours p r M r Haddock we duly received and it is with 
pleasure we add, your good conduct merits our full approba- 
tion. The behaviour of the Continental Squadron, is, in our 
opinion, by no means justifiable but as we are unacquainted 
with the general tenor of their orders, we presume not to 
criminate ; but we must say, that giving such implicit belief 
to the report of a disaffected Individual evidences a too easy 
credulity in a Commanding officer, which in future may be 
attended with the most dangerous consequences. 

As Government have thought proper to direct that a very 
considerable Land and Naval Force be collected as soon as 
possible, their object to be the taking or destroying of the 
Enemy's Force at Penobscott, in which design it is proper 
that you should cooperate : It is therefore our orders that 
upon the receipt of this you proceed on a Cruize between 
Cape Ann & Cape Cod for a Space of Time not exceeding 
live Days, after which you will return to Nantasket Rhode 
from whence you will come up in your boat and receive our 
Further orders. 

As we have no particular Correspondant at Portsmouth, 
you will draw upon us for such expences as you may neces- 



312 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

sarily incur — Your Bills for which you may be assured shall 
meet due honor. 

We are &c By order of y e Board 



War Office 27 June 1779 
James Richardson Esq r A. D. C. G. of Issues. 

Sir Government having come into a Resolution for rais- 
ing a very considerable Land & Naval Force to proceed on 
an Expedition against the Enemy at Penobscot, and this 
Board being ordered to Procure a Supply of Provisions on 
this occasion, we are under the necessity of applying to you 
for about Thirty-six Casks of Rice, the quantity not to fall 
short of Nine Tons. If you can possibly furnish this Sup- 
ply, we will give our orders on you in favor of the Com y 
Gen 1 of this State for it. We are &c 

By order of y e Board 

John Browne P. P. T. 



To the Honourable the Council and the Honourable house 
of Representatives of the State of the Massachusetts Bay. 

The Petition of the Delegates of the Several Towns in the 
County of Lincoln, Assembled at Wiscasset, June the 24 th 
1779. 

Humbly Sheweth, That a Number of Armed Vessels 
belonging to and in the Service of the King of Britain have 
for some time past infested the Sea-Coasts of said County : 
That a fleet of 8 Transports having 900 Troops on board, 
with all the Necessaries and Materials for building a number 
of forts, have arrived at Penobscot under Convoy of the fol- 
lowing Vessels of War, Viz : — the Blond of 36 Guns, Mil- 
ford 28, a Ship of 20, the Hope 18, a Brig 16, Schooner 12, 
Sloop 10, D° — that the Troops of the said King have at Last 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 313 

taken possession of a Place in said County Called Magebaga- 
duce on the Eastern Side of that River and are fortifying the 
same : that, from the Latest accounts received, the Enemy are 
Determined to take possession of the Ground where the old 
fort stood, and to fortify that also ; and then to possess them- 
selves of the whole County of Lincoln & where necessary to 
keep Garrisons : they would further represent that a Number 
of persons, at the aforesaid places have taken the Oath of 
Allegiance to said King: and, it is feard, should the Enemy 
extend further west, numbers of others would be Compell'd 
to do the same : That by reason of a Severe Drought Last 
Summer, and the Scarcity Usual in a New Country, there is 
not Sufficient provision in the County of either bread or meat 
to Support the Militia two Days in the field nor arms or 
Ammunition Sufficient to Equip one fourth of the Inhabit- 
ants : that the sea coasts of the County extends more than 
300 miles : and Supplies the Western seaports of the state 
with the greatest part of the Lumber and wood that is by 
them Consum'd : and should the Enemy take possession of it 
they would acquire a Large Quantity of masts &c, which is 
much wanted by them & it would be Severely felt by the 
other parts of this State — they would further declare that, 
altho' they are unwilling to lay anything that may sound 
harsh in the ears of their Rulers yet they must observe that 
they think they are hardly dealt with when, notwithstanding 
the County has Supplied many more than their Quota of men 
for the War : — and have paid full their proportion of Taxes : 
it has been so little regarded that they could not have Com- 
panies to guard their most Valuable ports and when the 
Militia have been Necessarily called to Defend them, and 
have made up their muster-Kolls, and presented them for 
payment to the Court, they have been Refused ; that by rea- 
son <>i the Militia having been often called upon and obliged 
to maintain themselves at their own cost, they are almost 



314 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

wearied out, and unless some assistance can be given them 
by the Court, the whole County must fall a prey to the 
Enemy : the Said Convention Therefore humbly and Earn- 
estly pray the Honourable Court that they would, as soon as 
may be, send such a Supply of provisions, as also of Arms 
and Ammunition into the County, to be under the Care of 
the Brigadier, as shall enable him to muster the Militia and 
Repel the said Enemy : that this be accompanied with an 
Armed force especially of some companies of Artillery : and 
above all, that a Squadron of Vessels of War may be immedi- 
ately ordered, Sufficient to distroy, or at Least to block up, 
the Enemie's fleet where they now Lay : as without this, it 
appears to your petitioners that no number of Troops that 
might be Assembled on the Shore would be of any avail for 
the Deliverance of this County : and finally that the Honour- 
able Court would be pleased to Repeal so much of the 
Resolve for Levying a new Draught of men to reinforce the 
Continental Army as Respects the County of Lincoln. 

In these requests your petitioners are imboldened by the 
pressing emergency of the Occasion which we scrupple not to 
presage must speedily produce the Reduction of this County, 
unless it is Seasonably and Effectually protected by the State. 

The Convention therefore have Dispatchd this represent- 
ative by — William M c Cobb Esq r one of its members, to 
whom full credence is to be given on the Subject-matter it 
contains, anxiously waiting his Return in order to this 
people's being able to Determine what is their Duty in this 
present crisis — Earnestly entreating that his Business may 
meet with as Little delay as possible from the Honourable 
Court : and that he may not be sent back without an explicit 
answer, either that the Necessary protection, which we, in 
common with the other parts of the State, have a right to 
expect, shall not be denied us Seasonably on this Occasion or 
that it is the pleasure of Government to abandon us to the 



OF THE STATE OF MATNE 315 

will of the Conquerer, and Leave us either to Desert the 
Country where our all Lyes, or to make for ourselves 
the best terms we can: that on the whole this people may 
have no Reason to complain that the present application is 
treated with that neglect by the Legislature which has been 
very Sensibly felt by them, when it has been the fate of 
former petitions and Memorials from these parts. 

before we conclude your petitioners beg Leave to add that 
from various Circumstances there is Reason to believe that 
the Enemy and their emissaries are tampering with the 
Indians in this Country, and this Convention are apprehen- 
sive that the tribes at Penobscott and Norridgawalk may be 
tempted to join with them, your petitioners therefore humbly 
request that such measures may be taken by the Honourable 
Court, as may be Adapted to Secure their friendship at this 
Juncture — and your Petitioners as in Duty Bound shall ever 
pray. 

Signed in the Province and by Order of the Convention. 

Jas. M c Cobb Chairman 

P. S. It being suggested by a Gentleman just Arrived 
from Boston that it is probable the Honourable General 
Assembly will be adjourned before this petition Reach them, 
thereupon this Convention resolved to request, and they 
hereby do request, the Honourable Council to take it up as 
tho it had been directed Seperately to them and Return us 
an Answer by the Bearer to the Prayer thereof that this 
people may know what they have to depend on. 

Signed in presence and by Order of the Convention. 

J a 8 M c Cobb Chairman 

In the House of Representatives June 30 th 1779. 
Read & thereupon Resolved That the President of the 
Hon 1,1 " Council! be & hereby is Requested to write to James 



316 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

M c Cobb Esq r & inform him of the Measures this Court have 
taken to dislodge the Enemy from Penobscot. 

Sent up for Concurrence John Hancock Spk r 

In Council June 30, 1779. Read & Concurred 

John Avery D. Secy 

Navy Board Eastern Department 
Boston June 30 th 1779 

Sir We are just now honored with the Rec 1 of a Letter 
from the Hon l,le Council of this day in answer to which, beg 
you would inform the Hon ble Board, that we shall most 
heartily concur in any proper Measures for dislodging the 
Enemy from Penobscot, and are preparing the Warren, Sloop 
Providence, & Brig Diligent, for that purpose, with all possi- 
ble expedition, & natter ourselves with expectations that they 
will all be ready, in the course of four or five days, if they 
can be manned, the Warren wants at least One hundred Men 
and many of them must be Seamen, as she has but few among 
those already on board. The Sloop and Brig may require 
some Aid in Manning, but we Conceive the principal diffi- 
culty will be to Man the Ship. 

We shall be very glad to receive any aid the Hon ble Board 
may think proper to afford Us ; and they may be assured that 
no exertions of Ours shall be wanting on this Occasion, in 
full confidence that care will be taken to send a force Supe- 
rior to the Enemy. — 

We are with esteem your most Obed* humble Serv u 

W m Vernon for the Board 
Hon. Jer h Powell 

State of Massachusetts Bay 
In Council June 30 th 1779 

Ordered That the Board of War be and hereby are 
directed to engage the Ship Charming Sally Alexander 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 317 

Holmes Commander, and the Sloop Charming Polly John 
Palmer Commander upon the same Conditions as have been 
offered by the General Court for the Penobscot Expedition. 
True Copy Attest 

John Avery D Sec y 
June 30, 1779 
Sir 

Previous to the Receipt of your letter of the 24 th Instant 
as Chairman of Convention The General Court had Issued 
orders for detaching fifteen hundred men from the Militia of 
this State, and one hundred men from the train of Artillery 
and also directed such a number of Vessels of force to be 
sent to Penobscott for the purpose of dislodging the Enemy 
there as is hoped will be sufficient to effect that same. 
Orders are also given for forwarding Provisions ammu- 
nition & five bundled fire armes for the use of such men 
as shall be employed in said Expedition. We have also 
requested the aid of the State of New Hampshire to cooper- 
ate with us in the Enterprise aforesaid. 

In the name & behalf of the General Court I am your 
Humble Servant 
James M c Cobb, Esq. [ not signed ] 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber Boston June 30, 1779 
Gen n 

The General Assembly of this State have determined on 
an Expedition to Penobscot to Dislodge the Enemy of the 
United States lately enter'd There who are said to be com- 
mitting Hostilities on the Good People of This State, and 
Vi et Armis fortifying themself at Baggorbagadoos, and as 
They are supported by a Considerable Naval Force, to Effect 
our Design, it will be expedient to send there, to aid our 



318 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Land Operations a Superior Naval Force : Therefore, Gen- 
tlemen, in Consequence of a Resolve of the General Assem- 
bly, a copy of which is here enclosed, we write you, in the 
most pressing Manner requesting you to aid our Designs, by 
adding to the Naval Force of this State, now, with all Possi- 
ble Speed preparing, for an Expedition to Penobscot; the 
Continental Frigate now in this Harbour, and the other 
armed Continental Vessells here, by which Addition we shall 
have a Force Superior to the Enemy There, and very reason- 
ably promise ourselves Success. Gen 11 you will on Receipt 
hereof, acquaint This Board, of your Determination on this 
important Matter, and of the Naval Force you can aid us 
with, and how soon such force can be made ready. 

You may be assured that should you Need the Assistance 
of this State, in maning the said Ships Speedily, this Board 
will give you all the Aid in Their Power to effect so Val- 
uable a Purpose. I am S r 

in Behalf of the Council 

your humble Ser 1 
Vernon Esq 1 [ not signed ] 

[ Here follows a Return of Ordnance and Stores. ] 



Council Chamber July 1, 1779 
Ordered that Brigadier General Lovell Appointed to Com- 
mand the Troops to be raised for the present Expedition to 
the Eastward, be & hereby is, directed to send Three suita- 
ble Persons who may attend him thro' the Campaign, imme- 
diately to the Eastward, one to Wells in the County of York, 
one to Falmouth in ye County of Cumberland, & one to 
Broad Bay in the County of Lincoln in order to Expedite ye 
raising the Men Aforesaid & to direct them to] march 
to ye several places of Rendezvous appointed in ye several 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 319 

Counties above mentioned at such Time as lie shall judge 
proper upon Consulting with the Commander of the Fleet 
destined upon the Expedition aforesaid. 

Attest John Avery D Sec y 



Sir 

The Inclosed Order of Council I am directed to transmit 
to you. The Bearer of this is Capt Jeremiah Hill who bro't 
a Letter from Major General Gates to the Council this Day 
in which he mentions Capt Hill as a good Officer The 
Extract from Said Letter I herewith give you. " The Bearer 
" M r Jeremiah Hill is going to Falmouth in Casco Bay where 
" his Family resides ; he has served with Credit during the 
" War, and wishes now to be employed in the Eastern Expe- 
" dition he has the Character of a Good Officer and might 
" be very usefull there." 

I am Sir with great Esteem 

Your Hum 1 Serv* 

J. Avery D Sec y 
Council Chamber July 1 1779 

Brigadier Lovel 



[ Here follows a list of stores, etc. ] 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber Boston Jnly 2 d 1779 

Whereas it appears to this Board That it is absolutely nec- 
essary to compleat a sufficient Naval Force for the Penobscot 
Expedition That the Ship General Putnam now in this Har- 
bour Should be taken into that Service immediately & the 
Owners thereof being at a Distance Therefore Ordered 
That the Sheriff of the County of Suffolk be & he hereby is 



320 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

impowered & directed to impress the Ship General Putnam 
with her Tackle & Appurtenances and deliver her to the 
Board of War to fit her immediately for a Two Months Cruize, 
to Sail on an Expedition to Penobscot, to dispossess the 
Enemy of the United States there & This shall be your Suffi- 
cient Warrant hereof fail not & make due Return of this 
Warrant with your doings thereon forthwith 

In the Name & behalf of the Council 

Jer. Powell Presidt 
John Avery D Sec y 

Suffolk Ss July 2 nd 1779 Agreeable to the above War- 
rant I have Impressed the Ship General Putnam with her 
Tackel & Appurtenances & delivered the same to the Board 
of War. W m Greenleaf Sheriff 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber July 2 d 1779 
Sir 

You being appointed by the General Court of this State to 
the Command of the land forces raised and to be raised for 
the purpose of Dislodging the Enemies of this State who 
have taken Post at Penobscott ; You will therefore immedi- 
ately prepare for & set out on your Journey to the Eastern 
part of this State. When you arive there you will without 
loss of time cause the troops ordered to be raised in that 
Quarter to assemble at the place appointed for the place of 
General Rendezvous, & when they arive there you will loose 
no time but cause them to Embark on board the transports 
which are Provided for the purpose of transporting the 
Troops to Penobscot, & when You arive at Penobscot you 
will Consult such measures as shall appear to you most 
likely to effect the Salutary Purpose designed by this State 
in undertaking the Expedition aforesaid. You will at all 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 321 

times Study to promote the Greatest Harmoney, peace and 
concord between the land and Sea Forces Engaged in the 
Enterprize aforesaid. You will in all your operations con- 
sult with the Commander of the fleet that the Naval Force 
may Cooperate with the troops under your command in 
Endeavoring to Captivate Kill or Destroy the whole force of 
the Enemy there both by Sea & Land. And as there is good 
reason to believe that some of the Principal men at Major- 
bagaduce requested the Enemy to come there & take posses- 
sion }'ou will be peculiarly careful not to let any of them 
escape, but to secure them that they may Receive a Just 
reward for their evil doings. You will be Peculiarly careful 
to forward to the Council Intelligence from time to time of 
your movements. If you shall find that you Stand in need 
of a Reinforcement to enable you to Subdue the Post of the 
Enemy at Penobscot, you will call upon the Militia in the 
Lower Counties in this State for such Reinforcement as you 
si mil Judge adequate. 

We now commend you to the Supream being Sincerely 
praying him to preserve you & the Forces under your Com- 
mand in health and Safety, & Return you Crowned with 
Victory & Laurels 

In the Name & behalf of Council 
Attest John Avery D Se y 

P. S. In case the Enemy Should leave Penobscot & Invade 
any other place or places in the Counties of York Cumber- 
land or Lincoln in this State you are hereby directed to pur- 
sue them with the Force under your Command & dislodge 
them, and in Case the Enemy upon your Arrival should have 
Left Penobscott & Returned to Ilallifax you may then as soon 
as you may think it safe & Convenient dismiss the Militia or 
such part of them as you think best & send them by the 
transports to such Porte as may be most Contiguous to their 
respective homes 

22 



322 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber July 2 d 1779 
Ordered, that the Board of War be & they hereby are 
directed to furnish the Commissary appointed for the Penob- 
scot Expedition with one Barrel New England Rum Eight 
Yards of Blue Cloth for Coats, fourteen Yards of Linen for 
Shirts ( White ) twelve Blankets, two dozen Jack Knives 
twenty Pounds of Powder, One Hundred ditto of Lead, 
twenty weight of Beaver Shot, Six dozen Flints and Six 
bushells of Corn for the Purpose of Supplying a Company of 
Indians at Penobscot, Provided that said Indians shall inlist 
in the Service of this State for the dislodgment of the Enemy 
near Penobscot River to be delivered out under the Direction 

of General Lovell 

Attest John Avery D Sec y 

Council Chamber July 11 1779 

Ordered that the Board of War be and they hereby are 

directed to furnish the Indians in Pursuance of the foregoing 

order with Blanketts out of the Donation Blanketts provided 

they have no other in their Possession, they to replace them 

as soon as may be. 

Attest Sam 1 Adams Seer* 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber Boston July 3 d 1779 
Gentlemen — 

The Commander of the Continental Frigate by Rank will 

Command the Fleet destined to Penobscutt to dispossess the 

Enemy There, in Conjunction with the Militia, and Train, 

detached for that purpose and that the Commanders of the 

Naval and Land Forces may Harmonize in every Stage of 

their Operations to compleat the Distraction of The Enemy 

of the united States at Penobscutt, we herewith enclose you 

a Copy of Instructions to General Lovell, and have the full- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 323 

est Assurence, you will give the Commander of the Warren 
Such Instructions as will tend most cordially to unite the 
Land and Naval Powers on that Expedition and am Gentle- 
men in Behalf of the Council 

your most obedient humble Ser 1 

[ not signed ] 
To the Navy Board 

Boston July 3 d 1779 
Received of Brig r Gen 1 Lovell the sum of five hundred 
& fourteen pounds 10/L m° for the purposes of defraying 
the expenses of my department in the expedition against 
Penobscot. John S Tyler QMG 

State of Massachusetts Bay 
Council Chamber Boston July 3 1779 

Resolved that The Committee appoint'd to enlist Men for 
the manning the Ships and Vessels destined on the Expedi- 
tion to Penobscutt, be and hereby are impowered and directed 
to publish and proclaim to all Persons enclining to take a 
part in the Penobscutt Expedition, that the State will not 
directly or Indirectly share any part of any Armed Vessel or 
Ships or Transport, or other Vessel which may be captured 
by the Fleet Destined to Penobscutt, or by any Vessel 
Thereto belonging, and that the Share that might accrue to 
this State shall inure to the Captors and be shared amongst 
Them. 

And it is further Resolved that the Imbargo laid by the 
General Court for Forty Day, shall peremptoryly be con- 
tinued for that Term, unless the said Expedition to Penob- 
scutt shall be finished, and If it should so happen that the 
said Expedition to Penobscutt should not Then be termi- 
nated, This Board will continue said Imbargo as Necessity 
will require it till said Expedition Shall be ended or the 



324 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

General Court Meet and the said Committee are directed to 
publish this resolve, that no Seaman or other Person, may 
neglect to put himself into such Advantageous Business as 
the Penobscutt Expedition, under the Delusive Idea, that as 
soon as the Penobscutt Fleet sails all ships and Vessels will 
be permitted to put to Sea 

Attest John Avery D Se y 

State of Massachusetts Bay In Council July 3 1779 

Ordered That the Board of War be & they are hereby 
directed to deliver to John Lucas Commissary of Provisions 
on the Expedition to Penobscot all such articles of Provisions 
as have been at any time heretofore or may be ordered for 
that purpose by the General Court or this Board the said 
Commissary to obey such orders as have been or may be 
given by this Board for forwarding them to the several places 
of their destination & to be accountable for the same. 

Gent 11 

You will please to furnish me with the following Articles 
for Six Hundred Men at Falmouth for 28 Days — 120 Camp 
Kittles 120 Bowles 40 Axes 

You will please to furnish me with the foil 8 Articles for 
Three Hundred Men at Wells for 28 Days — 60 Camp Kit- 
tles 60 Bowles 20 Axes John S Tyler Q. M G 

Boston 5 July 1779 
Gentlemen 

In behalf of the Owners of the Ship Hunter I would 

request you to lend me Two Bbls of powder for the use of 

said Ship, on the Expedition to Penobscott, as She cannot 

proceed without it. Barth Putnam 

N. B. The Powder to be on public Ace 1 & risque 
To the Hon 1 Board of War, 



OF THE STATE OF MATNE 325 

Boston July 5, 1779 
Gen ,n 

please to put on Board of Cap 1 W" 1 Wyatt Four hundred 
& Eighty Seven & half gall° New England Kuni for the 
men on Board of Ships Hector & Black Prince going on the 

Expidison. 

Geo Williams for s d Ships 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

War Office Boston 5 July 1779 

To the Sheriff of the County of Suffolk or his Deputy — 
Greeting 

By Virtue of the Powers vested in us by the Hon 1 General 
Court to facilitate the Expedition to Penobscott, we hereby 
will & require you in the Name of the Government & people 
of this State, immediately to repair on board the Snow Clin- 
ton Prize to the Privateer Ship Gen 1 Putnam, now in this 
Harbour, and impress, if need be Two Hundred Barrels of 
Pork Two thousand pounds hard Soap one hundred & 72 
Tierces of Beef, Four Hundred Barrels of Flour and Two 
Tons of Bread and deliver ye same to Richard Devens Esq r 
Com y General for this State or his order for the use of the 
Forces designed for the Expedition above mentioned, which 
Pork, Beef, Flour and Bread you are to get appraised by 
proper Judges of the same, and the amount of said Articles 
shaU be {mid to the Owner or Owners thereof, By this Board 
according to the appraisement, on a proper Certificate's being 
produced — Hereof fail not. 

Given under my hand & Seal the Day and year first above 

written 

Sam Phips Savage 

[ List of stores impressed appears on reverse, dated Boston, 
July 15, 1779, and signed by Shubael Hewes, Dp" Shff ] 



326 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

War Office 6 July 1769 
To Mess rs David Spear, Nath 1 Thwing & John Tileston — 
Gentlemen 

The Board of War have appointed you appraisers of all 
such Provisions taken from the Prize Snow Clinton as may 
be Shewed to you by M r Shubeal Hews, Deputy Sheriff, as 
Provisions taken from said Snow Clinton for the use of Gov- 
ernment, and you are to make return of your doings to us as 

soon as may be. 

Yrs 

Sam Phips Savage p order 

We The Subscribers Being Appointed by the Hon m Board 
of War to Apprize a Quantity of Pork, Beef, flower, & 
Bread Taking out of the Snow Clinton for the use of the 
Expedition to Penobscott do agree to Allow for Every Bar- 
rill Pork weying Two Hun d Pound Eighty pound pr Barrill, 
Tierces of Beef weying three Hun d pound pr Tierce Eighty 
Two pound Ten Shillings pr Tierce, flower forty pound pr 
hundred Gros weight, fine Bread fifty pound pr hun d 

David Spear Jam 8 Thwing Jn° Tileston 



To the Honorable the Council of the State of Massachu- 
setts Bay 

The Petition of Joseph Christopher of Pownalborough 
humbly Shews 

That your Petitioner being under the most urgent Neces- 
sity for the Article of salt having a Quantity of Ale wives 
which are in a Suffering Condition for want of salt to Repack 
them was Obliged to come from the pla'ce of his Residence 
to this Town to provide a quantity of salt for the same. 

That your Petitioner brought One Man with him who is 
an Inhabitant of Pownalborough to buy a little Meal for the 
use of his Family who is in great want of it and that he has 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 327 

only bought Two bushels & onehalf of the same which is all 
that is on board of the Vessel 

That your Petitioner has a Family and Interest in the 
Town of Pownalborough where he humbly Conceives he 
might be of More Service to his Country at this time of Inva- 
sion of this State than to be Detained here 

That your Petitioner therefore Most Humbly prays for 
Permission to depart this Harbour in the small Vessell in 
which he Entered it with One Man who came with him & a 
Boy to Navigate Her to the River Kenebeck the General 
Embargo laid upon Shipping here Notwithstanding and your 
Petitioner as in duty Bound shall ever pray 

Joseph Christopher 



Navy Board Eastern Department 
Boston July 6, 1779. 

We beg leave in Answer to a request Made by a Com- 
mittee of the Hon ble Council of this State, to represent the 
following, as a true State of the Continental Vessels of War 
under our direction destined for the Expedition against the 
Enemy at Penobscot. 

Sloop Providence not compleatly manned but wanting so 
few, that they estimate her as ready for the Sea, having every 
Article on board, & orders given to the Captain to proceed 
the first Wind in Company with the Brig Active, to Convoy 
the Provision Vessels, & Capture any small Cruisers on the 
Eastern Coast, gain intelligence of the State & motions of 
the Enemy and to join the Fleet at an Appointed Rendezvous. 

The Brig 1 Deligent wanting about 30 men Every thing 
prepared & mostly on board & may Sail in a very short time 
if manned. 



328 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

The Ship Warren wants about 70 Men most of them must 
be Seamen & Americans, every thing except her Bread ready, 
that is baking, and we hope will be ready in two or three 
Days, will not detain the Ship for it as we can supply some 
flour in the room of it, & can send some Bread after her. 

We have the honor to be with great Respect, your Honors 
most Obed 1 Humble Servants 

W m Vernon J. Warren 
The Hon ble the Council of the State of Massachusetts Bay. 



Letter Mesheeh Weave to Hon. President Powell 

Hampton Falls 6 th July 1779 
Sir I am honor'd with the Recept of your favor of the 
29 th Ult° relative to the Expedition forming against our Ene- 
mies at Penobscot, which appears to be absolutely necessary 
and to be forwarded with all possible expedition ; The Gen- 
eral Assembly of this State had adjourned the Week before 
I recieved your favor that it could not be laid before them, 
nor such measures taken as might have been, had they been 
Sitting ; The Committee of Safety for the State who transact 
such Matters as are of Necessity in the recess of the Gen 1 
Court have agreed to fit out an Arm'd Vessell the Hamden 
of 22 Guns, to Joyn in the Expedition as speedily as possi- 
ble, which I expect will be ready to Sail in three or four 
days, should be glad to hear by the return of the Post, when 
your Fleet are ready to Sail, or any other Intelligence you 
may think proper to communicate. 

I am with much Esteem & respect your Obed 1 

Humble Serv* 

Mesheeh Weare 
Rec d this Letter Fryday afternoon 

3 OClock July 9 — J. Powell 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 329 

Letter W m Vernon $ J. Warren to Hon. Jere h Powell 

Navy Board Eastern Department 
Boston July 7 th 1779 
Sir By desire of a Committee of the Hon ble Council we 
Yesterday reported to them a State of the Continental Ves- 
sells of War designed for the Eastern Expedition by having 
recourse to that the Hon ble Board will see that nothing but 
the want of Men detains them we do every thing in our 
power to Man them but we are limited by Establishments 
which we have no Authority to exceed they may in the 
Usual Course be manned by next Fry day Morning but it is 
our duty to inform the Hon ble Council that we see no proba- 
bility of it Men Enter but slowly especially American Seamen 
which are most wanted & must be had before the Warren 
can go to Sea — 

We have the Honor to be with great respect Your 
most Obed 1 humble Ser\ rt 

W m Vernon J. Warren 



War Office July 7, 1779 
Mr Ries 

Immediately on the reception of this, which is sent 
you by express, you are to procure Teams, which if you can- 
not get on applying for, you will apply to a Constable in your 
Town and deliver him the enclosed Warrant to impress the 
same to be here by 7 oClock tomorrow morning without fail, 
or as soon as possibly may be — You must load them with 
the Shott in the Mem below, to be delivered the Board of 
War — hereby fail not, as they are this moment wanting 
Yours &c Samuel P. Savage Pres. 

All the 18 p d Shott you have 130 — 9 p a d° 97—4 p d d° 
'1 his goes by Mr. Jos: Russell who will assist you in 
expediting this business 



330 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

War Office July 7 th 1779 
Sir 

This will be delivered you by Capt. M c Lellan Master of 
the engaged as a Transport on the Expedition to Penob- 

scot who has Our Directions to follow your Order for his 
further proceeding. 

As the Troops will be on Shipboard but a short Space of 
time, We are of Opinion that Spruce boughs would well 
answer for the Men to lie on in the place of Platform, & have 
recommended to Gen. Lovel that the Soldiers be ordered to 
keep the necessary quantities of Provisions before they 
embark, as providing proper Conveniences for Cooking on 
board would be attended with great Expence and delay. 

We can't but flatter ourselves, that from the Active Zeal 
& Spirited Exertion of our worthy Brethren in the Eastern 
part of the State, the Army will be rais'd & in such force as 
may effectually crush this daring attempt of the presumptu- 
ous foe, & render Majabagaduce as brilliant in the annals of 
the United States as Saratoga or Charlestown 

We are Sir Your very Hble Serv ts 

S. P. Savage Pres d 
William Frost Esq r Falmouth 



To the Honorable the Councle for the State of the Massa- 
chucets Bay in New England Humbly Sheweth 

That your petisoner W m York master and part owner of 
the Sloop Olive Came up from George with A Load of wood 
for the inhabitants of Boston & Landed it with Mr Cunning- 
ham Last Satterday and is Now Laying Idle with his Vessell 
& people to A Great Expence by Reason of the present 
Embargo therefore humbly Desires your Honour that you 
will permitt him to Saile for North Yarmouth in order to 
Load Again with A Nother Load of wood for S d Boston and 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 331 

as your petisoner has gott Some pork & Corn and other Nes- 
sarys for the Inhabitants of S' 1 North Yarmouth who are in 
Great want of them & must Suffer if I am not permitted to 
Saile. But in Case your Honour will not Grant me A per- 
mitt emedatly I must begg your Honour to be So Good as 
to lett me Saile with the Fleet & under their Convoy and as 
in Duty Bound Your petisoner Shall for ever pray 

W m York 
Boston July 7 1779 



State of Mass" 8 Bay 

Council Chamber July 7, 1779. 

Ordered— That Nath 1 Barber Eq r Naval Officer for the 
Port of Boston be and hereby is directed to clear out the 
Shallop or Schooner Resolution Joel Whitney Master port 
Machias with Provisions The Embargo on Vessels not- 
withstanding 

Attest John Avery D* Sec y 



War Office Boston July 7 th 1779. 
Captain Allen Hallet, 

You being Commander of the State Armed Brig* Active, 
it is our Orders that you proceed in Company with the Con- 
tinental Armed Sloop Providence Hoysted Hacker Esq' Com- 
mander to Wells & Falmouth as Convoy to the Transports 
bound to these Places, and when you have seen them safely 
arrived, you are to run down the Coast towards Penobscott 
and use your best and utmost Endeavors to take burn sink 
or destroy all armed and other Vessels with their Cargoes, 
the property of the Subjects <>l the King of Great Britain, 
Enemies to these Sovereign Independent United States of 
America and to the natural Rights of Mankind. As it is 



332 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

apprehended the Enemy have a Large Naval & Land Force 
at Penobscott, you are to make every prudent attempt to 
obtain information of their strength and motions, which you 
are to Communicate to the Commanding Officers of the fleet 
& Army at Townsend, to which place you are to repair by 
the 15 th Day of this month and join yourself to the Grand 
Fleet there. 

As an Expedition is intended against the Enemy at Penob- 
scott you are effectually to cooperate in the same under the 
orders of Dudley Saltonstall Esq r Commander of the Conti- 
nental Ship Warren. And we warmly recommend it to you 
to exert yourself to further and promote the Publick service 
on this important occasion, assuring ourselves that your con- 
duct will be such as to reflect honor upon the state that 
employs you, and establish your own character in the minds 
of your grateful Countrymen. 

When this Service may be happily effected by the Capture 
Destruction or Flight of the Enemy, and you may be prop- 
erly discharged by General Lovell, the Commander in Chief, 
or Captain Saltonstall, you are to proceed in Company with 
the states Brigantine Hazard and Tyrannicide to the South- 
ward in the Track of Brittish Vessels bound from Europe or 
Halifax to New York & Newport, and in this Station you 
are to Continue for the space of Days and then return to the 
Northward, Cruizing Days in the Vineyard Sound, 

round the Island of Nantucket & so home. 

However you are carefully to observe that should it be 
necessary for you to Continue in the first mentioned service 
either as Guards or Convoys longer than at Present is 
expected, you are to do it, depending on receiving from us 
such further orders as circumstances may require. During 
your Continuance with Captain Hacker you are to govern 
yourself by such signals and orders as you may receive from 
him, the purport of the same having been first mutually 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 333 

agreed on, and as Captain Williams is your Senior Officer, 
you are, after you proceed on a Cruize in Company with 
him, to govern yourself, as far as your Generall orders will 
Permit, by such orders and signals as you may receive from 
him for promoting the Interest of the Cruize & the Publick 
Service. Should you be so fortunate as to make any Cap- 
tures, you are to send them under proper prize Masters into 
this or some other safe Port in the United States, from 
whence the earliest notice is to be given to the Board by 
Express. 

You will biing, or send in all the Prisoners you may take, 
as shall be practicable, in order to their being exchanged for 
our suffering Brethren in the hands of the Enemy. 

You are to be extreemly cautious not to molest the Navi- 
gation of the Subjects of our good Ally the King of France, 
or other Powers in amity with these states ; but in every- 
thing strictly to conform yourself to the good and wholesome 
regulations of Congress for that purpose made and provided. 

Be carefull to send us all the Necessary papers by each 
and every prize you may make. 

We heartily wish you success, and are Sir Your Friends &c 
By order of the Board 

John Browne pres 1 pro. tem 

P. S. Upon your arrival at Townsend, should you not 
iind the Fleet there, & circumstances should make it prudent 
or necessary, you have permission to make a short excursion, 
not exceeding forty eight hours at the farthest, returning 
however to Townsend as soon as may be. And should you 
think it propel to take on board more provisions before you 
proceed on your Cruize to the Southward, you will apply to 
to M r Com* Lucas, who has our directions to supply you 

I acknowledge the above to be a true Copy of my orders 
received from the Board of War, & promise to conduct 
myself accordingly. A. Hallet. 



334 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Boston, July 7 1779 
Received of Brig r Gen Lovell the sum of four hundred 
& eighty pounds L m° for the purposes of defraying the 
expenses of the expedition against Penobscot in my Depart- 
ment 

John S Tyler QMG 



War Office Boston July 7 th 1779 
Cap 1 

The of which you are master being engaged as a 

Transport on the present Expedition to Penobscott, it is our 
orders that you proceed direct for & their deliver 

such stores as you may have received from John Tyler Esq r 
Quarter Master Generall, and John Lucas Esq r Corn 7 Gen- 
erall for the Expedition to Penobscott, to the Persons by 
them appointed to receive them, — then apply to the Com- 
manding Officer of the Troops there to whom you are to 
deliver the Letters we herewith give you and follow his 
orders for your further proceedings 

As you are to sail under Convoy of Cap 1 Hacker in the 
Continental Sloop Providence, & Cap* Hallet in the armed 
Brig : Active, you are to govern yourself by Such Signals & 
orders as you may receive from Cap 1 Hacker until you arrive 
at the firgt place of your Destination — 

We wish You a Good Voyage &c 

By order of the Board 

We acknowledge the Above to be a Copy of Our Orders 
receiv'd from the Board of War, which we promise to follow 
& Obey 

Levi Tower Samuel Drinkwater Daniel Mitchell 

David Drinkwater John Graffam William M c Glathry 

Ezkiel Tarbox Nath 1 Carver Melzar Samson 

Jonathan Sprague Simeon Turner 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 335 

Sudbury 8 July 1779 
Delivered to W ni Lawrence thirty Six round shott 18 pd 
one Hund d & thirty ditto 9 pd ninety seven ditto 4 pd to be 
delivered the Hon bl Board of War at Boston 

W m Rice Ju r 

Boston July 8, 1779 
Received of Joseph Parks 226 Shot 18 Pounders on Bord 
the Brig Samuel pr Benj n Dunham 

Boston, July y e 8 1779 
Received on Bord the Brig Saml 113 18 Pound Shot of 
William Hobbs pr Benj" Dunham 

Sudbury 8 July 1779 
Deliver'd to Simeon Smith one Hundred & twenty round 
Shott 18 p d to be delivered the Hon bl Board of War at 
Boston 

W m Rice Ju 

Sudbury 8 July 1779 
Deliverd to W m Hobbs, to be deliverd the Hon ble Board 

of War at Boston, one Hund d & thirteen round Shott 18 p d 

W ,n Rice Ju r 
Return of Shott d d on board the Brig 1 Sam 1 from Sudbury 

for the Penobscott Expedition pr M r Benj a Dunham Mate of 

s d Brig 1 Receipt — viz 1 113— 18 lb Shott bro* by Asahel 

Tower 113 — 18 do. bro 1 by Abel Tower. 

N. B. the receipts for these 2 loads lodged with M r Ivers — 

495.1 8 lb d° receipts enclosed 721.18 lb Shott. 130 — 9 lb 

d°. 97.4 "' d°. 



To the Hon 1,1 *' t lie Council of the State of Massachusetts 
Bay 

Your petitioner in a small Coasting Sloop from Yarmouth 
being detained by the Embargo, beg of your Honors that a 



336 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

pass may be granted your petitioner to return to said Yar- 
mouth — and your petitioner as in Duty bound will ever 

pray 

Daniel Howes 
Boston July 8 th 1779 

[ Return of Shot for Penobscot Expedition ] 
This certifies that all the Stores in my Department, pre- 
paring for the Expedition to Penobscot, will be ready to be 
deliverd, to morrow Evening 

Labaratory 8 day July 10 °Clo : A M 

William Burbeck 

War Office Boston 8 th July 1779 
Capt. James Johnson 

You are hereby required and directed to proceed with the 
Brig: Patten, of which you are Commander, in Company 
with the Con tin entail Sloop Providence and State Armed 
Brig* Active as Convoy to the Transports bound to Wells 
and Falmouth : You are accordingly to observe & obey such 
orders and signals as you may receive from Capt. Hacker, the 
Senior Officer, until your arrival at Townsend, the place of 
generall Rendezvous, when you will receive such further 
Orders from Dudley Saltinstall Esq r , the Commanding 
Officer of the fleet, as circumstances may require. 

We heartily wish you success, and are Your Friends & 
very Humble Servants John Brown, P. P. T. 

I Acknowledge aforegoing to be a true Copy of my Orders 
received from the Board of War, and promise to govern 
myself accordingly James Johnston 

Gentlemen 

The General Court are highly pleased with the Patriotism 
that distinguishes the Memorial you have laid before them, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 337 

previous to the receipt Thereof the General Assembly had 
Resolved on an Expedition to Penobscot to dislodge the 
Enemy there, a copy of which is herewith sent you ; And 
are equiping a Fleet, and preparing a Land force to cooper- 
ate for that purpose. We shall depend upon the four Ves- 
sels first mentioned in your Memorial, and shall not be entirely 
Satisfied That the same Disinterested Spirit which has ever 
appear'd in your Conduct will prompt you to mass water, 
wood & equip for sailing said vessells immediately that They 
may be ready to sail by as soon as the Provisions for the 
same shall come to Hand, which the General Court will 
immediately send. The whole expence shall be reimburst 
you according to the Resolve enclosed. The four Vessels 
by you mentioned in addition to the continental Frigate, 
Sloop Providence, State Vessells and others taken up here 
will be Sufficient to compleat the Design. 

In the Name of the Gen 1 Court I am Gentlemen your 

most obedient humble Ser vt 

President 

To Messrs : Jonathan Jackson John Tracey Joseph Mar- 
quand Nath 1 Tracey Tristram Dal ton Sam 1 Batch elor John 
Coffin Jones Jacob Boardman & Thomas Thomas Merch* 8 at 
Newbury port 



To the Honorable the Council of the State of Massachu- 
Bay 

The Board of War would represent to your Honors that 
the Sum of Money necessary to be advanced by them in the 
prosecution of the intended expedition to Pen obscott, greatly 
exceeds the sum we have received, by your Honor's order, 
from the Treasury, as will appear by the inclosed List — 
M ' of the Articles are in such demand that they cannot be 



338 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

procured without the Cash. We are therefore under the 
necessity of applying to your Honors for a further order 
upon the treasury for the sum of Ninety thousand Pounds 
for the service of the said Expedition. 

Sam Phips Savage President 

[ Here follows a list of provisions.] 

The above is for the Land Power and Contained in Mr- 
Lucas orders only — The Quarter Master's & Departments, 
and Provisions for the Ships will amount to a much larger 
Sum. 

In Council July 8 th 1779 Read & Ordered — That a 
Warrant be drawn on the Treasury for £90,000 in part of 
Saml P. Savage & others Members of the Board of War for 
the Purpose of carrying into Effect the Expedition to Penob- 
scot agreeable to Resolve of the 29 th June last — they to be 
liable for the Expenditure of the Same 

John Avery D y Sec y 



War Office Boston July 8 th 1779 
Captain John Foster Williams 

You being Commander of the State armed Brig : Hazard, 
it is our orders that you proceed with the Grand Fleet to 
Townsend, the Place of General Rendezvous. 

As an Expedition is intended against the enemy at Penob- 
scott you are effectually to Co operate in the Same under 
the orders of Dudley Saltinstall Esq r Commander of the 
Continental Ship Warren, and we warmly recommend it to 
you to exert yourself to further & promote the publick Ser- 
vice on this important occasion, assuring ourselves that your 
Conduct will be such as to reflect Honor on the State that 
employ you, and establish your own Character in the Minds 
of your grateful Countrymen. 



OF THE STATE OF MAESTE 339 

When this Service may be happily effected by the Capture 
Destruction or flight of the Enemy, and you may be properly 
discharged by Generall Lovell, the Commander in chief, or 
Captain Saltinstall, you are to proceed in Company with the 
State Brig: Active and Tyrannicide to the Southward in the 
Track of the vessels bound from Europe or Halifax to New 
York and New Port, when & where you are to use your best 
& utmost Endeavours to take burn Sink or Destroy all armed 
and other vessels with their Cargoes, the property of the 
Subjects of the King of great Britain, Enemies of the Sov- 
ereign Independent United States of America, and to the 
natural Rights of Mankind. — In this station you are to 
continue for the space of Days, then return to the 

Northward Cruizing Days, or until youi provisions may 
be nearly exhausted, in the Vineyard Sound round the Island 
of Nantuckett and so home. 

However you are Carefully to observe, that should it be 
necessary for you to Continue on the first mentioned Service, 
either as guards or Convoy longer than is at present expected, 
you are to do it, depending on receiving from us such further 
orders as circumstances may require. 

Should you be so fortunate as to make any captures you 
are to send them with proper Prize Masters into this or some 
other safe port in the united States, from whence the earliest 
Notice is to be given to the Board by express. 

You will bring or send in all the prisoners you may take, 
as shall be practicable in order to their being exchanged for 
OUT suffering Brethren in the Hands of the Enemy. 

Yon are to be extremely cautious not to Molest the Navi- 
gation of the Subjects of our good Ally, the King of France 
or othei powers in Amity with these States; but in every- 
thing strictly to Conform yourself to the good & whole- 
some Regulations of Congress for that purpose made and 
provided. 



340 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Be carefull to send us all the Necessary papers by each 
and every prize you may make 

We heartily wish you success, and are 

Sir Your Friends & c 

By order of the Board J : B 

John F. Williams 
I acknowledge the aforegoing to be a True Copy of my 
Orders received from the Board of War, and promise to 
govern myself accordingly 

War Office Boston July 8 th 1779 
Capt. John Cathcart 

You being Commander of the State armed Brig Tyranni- 
cide, it is our orders that you proceed with the grand fleet to 
Townsend, the place of general Rendezvous. As an Expedi- 
tion is intended against the Enemy at Penobscott, You are 
effectually to cooperate in the same under the Command of 
Dudley Saltinstall Esq r Commander of the Continental Ship 
Warren, and we warmly recommend it to you to exert your- 
self to further & promote the Publick Service on this import- 
ant occasion ; Assuring ourselves that your Conduct will be 
such as to Reflect honor on the State that Employ you, & 
Establish your own Character in the minds of your Grateful 
Countrymen. 

When this Service may be happily effected by the Capture' 
Destruction or Flight of the Enemy, & you may be properly 
Discharged by Generall Lovell, the Commander in Chief, or 
Capt. Saltinstall, you are to proceed in Company with the 
States Brigg 8 Hazard & Active to the Southward in the 
Track of the Vessells bound from Europe or Halifax to New 
York & Newport, when & where You are to use your best & 
utmost Endeavours to take, burn, sink or Destroy all armed 
and other Vessels with their Cargoes, the property of the 
Subjects of the King of great Brittain, Enemies to the 
Natural rights of mankind 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 341 

In this Station you are to continue for the space of 
Days, when return to the Northward, Cruizing Days or 
until your stores may be nearly exhausted, in the Vineyard 
sound, round the Island of Nantuckett & So home ; however 
you are carefully to Observe that should it be necessary for 
you to Continue on the first mentioned Service either as 
Guard or Convoy Longer than is, at present, expected you 
are to do it, depending on receiving from us such farther 
orders as circumstances may require. 

Should you be so fortunate as to make any Captures, you 
are to send them, under proper prize Masters, into this, or 
some other safe Port in the United States, from whence the 
earliest notice is to be given the Board by Express. 

You will bring or send in all prisoners you may take, as 
shall be practicable in order to their Being Exchanged for 
our suffering Brethren in the Hands of the Enemy. 

You are to be extremely cautious not to molest the Navi- 
gation of the Subjects of our good Ally the King of France, 
or other Powers in amity with these States, but in every 
thing strictly to conform yourself to the good and wholesome 
Regulation of Congress for that purpose made & provided. 

Be careful to send us all the necessary papers by each & 
every prize you may make. 

We heartily Wish you Success and are 

Sir your friends &c 

P. T. 

P. S. As Capt. Williams is your Senior Officer, you are, 
after you proceed on a Cruise in Company -with him, to gov- 
ern yourself, as far as your general Orders will permit, by 
such Orders & Signals as you may receive from him for pro- 
moting the interest of the Cruise and the public Service. 

I acknowledge the foregoing to be a true Copy of my 
orders, received from the Hoard of War, and promise to gov- 
ern my self accordingly John Cathcart 



342 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

War Office 9 July 1779 
Capt. John Cathcart 

You are directed to send a boat with Ten Armed Men, to 
be stationed in Pudding Point Gut, from Sunsit to Sun Ris- 
ing of every night, and there to stop, turn back or detain, as 
circumstances may require, any Boats & Vessels that may 
attempt to pass without that Place, unless they produce 
special permission from the Council or this Board This to 
continue until our further Orders 

By Order of the Board 

John Brown P. P. T. 



War Office 9 July 1779 
Capt. Jn° Foster Williams 

You are directed to send a Boat with Ten Armed men to 

the eastward of Castle Island, between Long Island head & 

Deer Island Point from Sunsit to Sun rising of every Night, 

and there to stop, turn back or detain, as circumstances may 

require, any boat or Vessel that may attempt to pass without 

that place unless they can produce special permission from 

the Council or this Board This to continue untill our further 

Orders. 

By order of W. Board 

John P. Savage Pres 1 



Falmouth 9 th July 1779 
To the Hon 1 the President of the Coimcil of the State of 
the Massachusetts bay. 

Sir this will be handed you by Mr. Cobbern who I Accom- 
panied to this place We where Desired By the Indians to 
proced to Boston with A String Of Wampum to let you 
know that they have Joyned with America and Desire that 
their May be A party of Men pickt to Joyn With Them as 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 343 

A Scouting party & that they may Have Ammunition & 

Stores as soon as may be I should have proceeded but was 

Advised by Brigd Thompson to waite the Arrival of Genl. 

Lovell But he has not yet arrived, & I am Obliged to 

Return to the Indians & Send Mr. Cobbern, to whom I refer 

you for more particulars 

I am Sir with Esteem your Hon 8 Most Obedent Humble 

Sev 1 

Andrew Oilman 

N. B. The men Chosen by the Indians to Joyn them Is 
Jeremiah Cobbern, Elisha Grant under Myself. 



July 9 th 1779 
Sir 

The Council have this day appointed you Chief Surgeon 
upon the expedition to Penobscott and as no time is to be 
lost your answer is desired immediately and if you should 
accept of the appointment it may be adviseable you should 
forthwith come to Town to take some direction respecting it 

By order of Council I am Sir with much Esteem 
Doct r Downer Your Humble Serv 1 

J Avery D Se y 



Council Chamber July 9, 1779 
Sir 

The Council did not receive your letter dated the 6 th 
Instant till this Day at three a Clock P M. or should have 
sent you an answer by the Post I am directed to Inform 
you that The Fleet destined for Penopscott will sail on Sun- 
day next from Nantaskett. The Place of Rendezvous is The 
'low ii of Townsend in the County of Lincoln, we therefore 
must request that you would Issue your orders to the Com- 
mandei of the Hamden to sail at that time & join the Fleet 



344 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

& pursue such orders as lie may receive from Dudly Salton- 
stall Esq r Commander of the Ship Warren who has the Com- 
mand of the Fleet and in Case he should not meet with the 
Fleet as they pass your Harbour that he proceed immediately 
to Townsend & from thence to proceed with them to Penop- 
scot and Cooperate with the rest of the Fleet in the Expedi- 
tion Aganst the Enemy who are Invading the Eastern parts 
of this State. All rely much upon the Assistance of this Ship 

[not signed] 
Hon ble Mesech Weare Esq r President of the Council of 
State of N Hampshire 

Letter J. Warren $ W m Vernon to the Hon. Council 

Navy Board Eastern Department 
Boston July 9, 1779 — 
To the Hon ble Council of the State of Massachusetts Bay. — 
In consequence of your Honors requisition, we beg leave 
hereby to Assent to the proposal, for receiving on board the 
Ship Warren, Sixty American Seamen for the Expedition 
only, this we do, & desire may be considered as done not 
from a Conviction in our own Minds, of any propriety or 
advantage to the Service from such a disposition, but in con- 
formity to the Opinion & recommendation of the Hon ble 
Council, it being our opinion that Seamen, such as are now 
wanted for that ship, may be obtained as well for a Cruise, 
as for the Expedition only, or at least with an additional 
Encouragement of the Continental Bounty ( and yet your 
Honors will not find that we have made any representations 
that Men could be had on no other Terms but for the Expe- 
dition ) in which case the Ship might proceed on a Cruise, 
which promises great advantages to the United States after 
the Expedition should be Ended and in the proposed mode 
her Cruise must end with the Expedition, or even with the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 345 

flight of the Enemy she must probably return into Port, for 
want of Men, & leave two small Vessells provided to sail 
with her, by order of the Hon ble Marine Comm ee to proceed 
without her & Unable to promote any plan of Consequence. 
We are Your Honors Obed* Humble Servants 

J. Warren W m Vernon 



To the Honble the Council Board of the State of Massa- 
chusetts Bay 

The Petition of James Avery Humbly Sheweth The 
Arm'd Schooner NeaslTquo'woite being loaded with Supplys 
for the Troops & Indians at Machias Your Petitioner Hum- 
bly Prays your Honors, would Give permission for said 
Schooner to be Cleared out to Sail in the fleete as far as 
Penobscott, & then proceed on her Voyage, and as in Duty 
Bound will ever pray John A. Avery 

Read & Ordered that the Nath 1 Barker Esq r Naval Officer 
for the Port of Boston be & he hereby is directed to clear 
out the Schooner Neashquowoite when the Fleet destined to 
Penobscott may sail on the intended Expedition for the pur- 
pose of sailing with them. 

Attest Sam 1 Adams, Sec y 
Boston July 10 th 1779 



To the Honrb 1 the Bord of Warr — 

As the following Vessels are to take on board Artilery & 
a Bout or Boats on Deck 1 think it Nessary they have at 
Lesl lour Hands all on lionl of each Vessel for the Safety of 
thai- ( largo. 

V. Sloop Biitan" Jonson mast 1 D° Dolph" Kent D° 
I>" Bethiah Freeman D° D° Safty Kent D° D° Industry 
Jfoung \y - Buber Mas 1 Sloop Pigon Littel 1)° 



346 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Schoon r Uinety Babier & that Provitions are ordr d accord- 
ingly. 

Also Brig Sam 1 Brown Mastor have a Pilot As She is 
Loaden with Ordenence Stores with all that appertaineth to 
the Dyrector of the Hospital & the Mastor informs Mee he 
& all Hands are Unaquainted with the Corse 

Josh a Davis Ag* of Transports. 

Boston Julv 10 1779 



Letter M. Weare to Hon. Prest Powell 

Hampton falls 10 th July 1779 
Sir I am honor'd with the receipt of your favor of the 
9 th Ins 1 by M r Pattinson — I am sorry my letter did not 
sooner come to your hand. As we had received no informa- 
tion of the time of the Fleets sailing, or place of Rendezvous 
& the Hampden being ready to Sail, the Comm ee of Safety 
this day sent orders to Cap 1 Salter to Sail and Joyn the 
Fleet : not pointing Out any particular place it is doubtfull 
whether he will not sail before there will be Opportunity to 
give him the Particular Orders you Mention, if there is 
Opportunity it will be done, If not I trust the orders he has 
will be sufficient, tho, perhaps he may not Joyn the Fleet 
quite so soon as Otherwise he might 

I am with Sentiments of Respect Your Obed* 

Humble Serv' 

M. Weare 



Boston July 11 1779 

I Beg Leave to Represent to the Honor 1 Board That the 

Schooner Unity Joseph Bubier mas* (Having on bord A Val- 

uab 1 Cargo of ordenence & other Stores for the Intended 

Expedition to Pernobcutt) will have Need of four hands 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 347 

Exclusive of the master as She will Take no troops on bord, 
also that a Small Light Boat may be provided for my De- 
partment if Can be obtained without Detantion 

3 dy if So that Cap 1 Laha be permitted to Ship two Extra 
hands for my Boatmen as I Shall if Convenant mostly Be 
on board that Vessel in which I shall take my Passage & 
Errnistly wisli him a Commition as I think it for The Good 
of the Sarvis with Dew Resepect am y r obed* Sarvant 

Josh a Davis 
Presedn 1 of Board of Wan- 



War Office July 11 th 1779 
State of Massachusetts Bay — 

To M r Shubal Hewes By Virtue of the powers committed 
to us by a resolve of the general Court, You are hereby 
requir'd to empress from the public Magazine, Ten Barrels of 
good Merchantable Gunpowder for the use of the Expedition 
intended against Penobscot and deliver the same to Cap 1 
Dan 1 Waters Corn 1 of the Putnam or his ord r and make 
return of your doings to this Board immediately. 

Given under my hand aud Seal this Eleventh day of July 

A D. 1779 

Sam Phips Savage 

Boston July 11 th 1779 by Virtue of the Within Precept I 
have Impressed ten barrils of Gun Powder for the Use of 
this State and Delivered the Same unto the Gunner of the 
Putnam, from the Public Magazine 

Shubael Hewes Dp 1 ? Shff 



War Office 11 July 1779 
Mess Thomas Forster & W m Burbeck 

You are desired to appraise Ten Barrella of Powder, which 
will be showed you by M r Shubael Hewes, Oik-; of the Con- 



348 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

stables of this Town & make return to us of your Doings 
thereon Sam Phips Savage 

Gent 1 " 1 We have viewd the Powder within mention'd and 
Apprais'd the same according to Your desire — at three hun- 
dred & thirty Pounds g Barrel the Barrels suppos'd to 
Contain 110 lb Each Tho 8 Foster Will 111 Burbeck 

The Hon 1 Board of War Boston July 11 th 1779 



To the Honb 1 Board of Warr State of Massechesetts Bay 

AVhareas a Nom r of Larg Sloops Tak n up as Transports 
For the Intended Expidition to Pernobcutt will Take On 
bord Som Heavy Artilery & flat Bottom Boats Having Bin 
Alow d only a master & two hands tharfore I Beg leve to 
Reppresent I think it Benintial to the Sarvis That Each 
Vessel of that Size & with Such Loading Be alow d at lest 
one hand more and That Provition Be ordrd on bord Accord- 
ingly Joshua Davis Ag* of transports 
Boston July 11 1779 

Council Chamber July 11, 1779 
There are wanted in order to Equip the Ship General Put- 
nam Daniel Waters Commander in the Expedition to Penob- 
scott not less than sixty Seamen. The Board therefore 
earnestly request your Exertions & Influence immediately to 
procure the Men before mentioned for the Ship General 
Putnam. As you were appointed by the General Court a 
Committee for the Purpose of Manning such Vessells as 
might be destined Upon this Expedition it lays with you to 
give them such Encouragement as you think proper. It is 
of great Importance that the Fleet should sail immediately, 
you will therefore lose no Time in executing this Bussiness. 
least you should fail of procuring the men by Enlistment we 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 349 

have furnished you with a Warrant and Instructions directed 
to the Sheriff of the County of Essex or his Deputy, or any 
Constable, to Impress the Men for the Purpose aforesaid 
which you will deliver if you judge it necessary. I shall 
Depend upon your affording your assistance Council & 
Advise to the Civil officer upon this occasion, if the Measure 
should be found necessary. As this Ship is Impressed Spe- 
cially for this Service You may assure the men they shall be 
released from the service as soon as the Expedition is over. 
Any money you may advance upon this occasion you will be 
repaid by the Committee employed in this Town for a Sim- 
ilar Purpose. The Council have ordered Capt Waters to 
sail for Marblehead the first Wind, you will deliver what 
men you may procure by Enlistment or Impress to him or in 
case he should not arrive at Marblehead seasonably you will 
send them to this Town by some safe Conveyance 

[not signed] 
( !ol Orne & Lee 



Council Chamber July 11, 1779 
Sir 

I am directed by the Board to Desire that you would 
immediately Inform the Owners of the Ships Hunter, Hec- 
tor, & Black Prince, that it is the Expectation of the Board 
that they order their Respective Captains to proceed with 
their Vessella immediately to Nantaskett Harbour there to 
Join the Fleet under the Command of Dudly Saltonstall 
Esq 1 & proceed with them on the Expedition to Penobscott; 
and in Case you Cannot readily Meet with the Owners of 
the Ships beforementioned, you will Communicate these 
orderi t<» the Captains. 

In the Name & by order of the Council 

[not signed] President 
i: II Derby Esq 1 Elias II ask et Derby Esq"" 



350 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

To the Hon ble Council of the State of Massachusetts Bay. 

The Petition of the Subscribers Humbly Sheweth That 
your Petitioners are Owners of a Sloop called the Driver, 
Commanded by Robert Haskell, which Sloop being bound 
here, with a Cargo of Wood, from the Eastward, Anchored 
at Casco Bay, and is detained there on account of the 
Present Embargo, to our Great dammage, and as we conceive, 
without any advantage to the Public. Therefore your Peti- 
tioners, Humbly Pray your Honor, to direct the Naval 
Officers at Falmouth to permitt Said Haskell to Proceed to 
Beverly with the Sloop Driver & Cargo, and your Petitioners 
as in duty Bound will ever Pray. 

Jos e Batcheldor, Jr., 
in behalf of himself & Co, owners of the Sloop Driver 
Beverly July 12 th 1779 



To the Hon 1,le Council of the State of Massachusetts bay 

The Petition of Joseph Nye of Sandwich Humbly Sheweth 
that your Petitioner Previous to his having heard of an 
Embargo being laid, had prepared a Vessell to go to Kenne- 
beck River, and Engaged to carry a Number of Persons, & 
their Effects; who are going to Settle there, and being 
Informed that a Fleet of Armed Vessells will Soon sail for 
the Eastern Shoar 

He therefore prays your Hono r8 to give him permission to 
go with Said Fleet as far as Said Kennebeck River with the 
Sloop Dolphin belonging to Sandwich, and to carry with him 
the Effects of Isiah Fisk of Said Sandwich Consisting of Two 
Cows Eight Sheep & Two Hoggs and a quantity of House- 
hold Furniture 

And your Petitioner as In Duty Bound Shall Ever Pray 

Joseph Nye 
Boston July 12 th 1779 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 351 

War Office 12 July 1779 
Captain 

Your Vessel being engaged as a Transport on the Expedi- 
tion to Penobscott, you are directed to proceed in Company 
with the Grand Fleet under the Orders of Dudley Sal tin stall 
Esq r to Townsend, the place of general Rendezvous, when 
you are to obey such orders as you may receive from Joshua 
Davis Esq r Agent of Transports for your further proceeding 

We are &c 

Sam 1 P. Savage, Per Order 

We acknowledge the above to be a Copy of our Orders 
received from the Board of War, and promise to govern our- 
selves accordingly — 

Robert Johnson Luther Little Jo 8 Rubier 

James Brown John Wyllie William Kent 

Peleg Kent Edward Freeman William Young 

War Office Boston July 12 1779 
Sir 

Agreeable to an order from the Honorable the Council you 
are hereby directed to proceed to Sea immediately on the 
proper Signals being made for that purpose by Dudley Sal- 
tinstall Esq r Commander in Chief of the Fleet on the Expe- 
dition to Penobscott. 

By order of the Board 

John Brown P. P. T. 

The above order was sent to Cap' 8 John Foster Williams 
Coin' 1 lirig Hazard John Cathcart Brig Tyrannicid Samuel 
Lapa Schooner Hannah Dan 1 Waters Ship Genl. Putnam 
Tho* Thomas Ship Vengence Alex r Ross Ship Monmouth 
Nath 1 West Ship Black Prince John Carver Ship Hector 
Nathan Brown Ship Hunter Win. Burk Ship Sky Rocket 
John Edmunds Brig Defense .lames .Johnson Brig Pallas 
Alex Holmes Ship C J. Tally 



352 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Newbury Port July 12 th 1779 
Sir 

Last Friday one James Collins an Inhabitant of Penobscot 
on his way home from Boston went through this Town. 

The committee having Intelligence that he was a Person 
& unfriendly to the American States; immediately Dis- 
patched an Express after him with particular orders to take 
him up whenever he could be found, and bring him back to 
this Town in order that he might have a Trial here, as all 
the Evidence that we could at present procure, was in this 
place (being Gentlemen that belong to Penobscot) he 
accordingly was taken up & brought back, and the Commit- 
tee upon Examination find that he has been an Enemy to 
the united States of America ever since the War began, and 
that immediately after the British Fleet arrived at Penob- 
scot, this Collins went on board of them Repeatedly, and he 
also Confessed that he had the Oath of allegiance adminis- 
tered to him by one of the Captains of said Fleet, soon after 
which he took Passage from Kennebeck to Boston in a Sloop 
that belongs to one Mr. Blake of that Town, Whitmore Mas- 
ter, where he arrived Last Tuesday, and as we apprehend 
got all the Intelligence he Possibly cou'd Relative to the 
movements of our Fleet and Army, and was on his Return 
home to Penobscot to give the Enemy all the information in 
his Power ; the Excuse he makes for going to Boston at this 
particular time is that he Married a Daughter of William 
Pratt of Maiden and went there to Secure a place to Retreat 
to in case the British Fleet and Army shou'd overcome ours 
that are soon to go East &c ; However upon the whole we 
are suspicious of his being a Spy and have accordingly 
Secured him in the Goal in this Town, and there we propose 
to Keep him confined till we have the Direction of the Hon ble 
Council Relative to him and have the Honour to be in behalf 
of Committee of Correspondence &c S r your most Hble Ser t 

Rich d Smith Chairman 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 353 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber July: 1779 
As all the Armed Vessels destined upon the present Expedi- 
tion to Penobscot are put under your Command, You will as 
soon as the Expedition is at an end or you will as soon as 
you & General Lovell shall be of opinion they can be spared 
with safety Release from the Service as many of the private 
anned Vessels as you may think unnecessary to retain for 
the Purpose of securing such Posts as you may take from 
the Enemy or for Conveying the Troops to the places from 
whence they respectively embarked as the Ship General 
Putnam is an Improved Vessell She must necessarily return 
to this Port, she will therefore be the Most suitable Vessell 
to be employed in Conveying the Troops back. You will 
make us a return of the Particular Day each Vessell is dis- 
charged. You will at all times keep us advised of your 
Proceedings, We wish you a Prosperous Cruise & sincerely 
pray that all your Exertions in the Cause of your Country 
may be attended with a Divine Blessing 
To Dudley Saltinstal Esq 



Invoice of Sundry Merchandize dl d L l Jam 8 Avery for 
Col John Allan Command 8 Officer at Machias by Order of 
the Gen 1 Court 

War Office Boston 
[ Here follows list provisions and dry goods : ] 
War Office Boston July 12 th 1779 Errors Excepted Mr. 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber July 12 1775 
Ordered that Brigadeer Lovell be and he hereby is directed 
to order ( iolonel Revere with one hundred of his train includ- 

24 



354 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ing officers to Embark on board the transport prepared for 
the Purpose of transporting him and his train to Penobscot 
without a moments delay 

Attest John Avery Dy. Sec y 



State of M B. Council Chamber July 12 1779 

To the Hon ble the Commissioners of the Continental Navy 
Board 
Gentlemen 

The Council Board having given Orders that the Ships in 
the Service of this State and employed in the present Expe- 
dition to Penobscott proceed to Sea upon the signal given 
from the Continental Frigate Warren you are requested to 
give orders to the Commander of the said Frigate & other 
Ships under your Direction to proceed to place of Rendezvous 
already agreed on 

In the Name & Behalf of the Council 

J Powell President 



[ Here follows a Return of Sundries for the Penobscot 
Expedition.] 

Council Chamber July 12 1779 

State of Massachusetts Bay 
Sir 

Your letter of the ninth Instant by M r Colbourn has been 
laid before the Council. And I am directed to acquaint you 
that the Council had Previous to the receipt of your letter 
given such directions to Brigadier Lovell respecting the 
Penobscott Indians as appeared to them necessary and expe- 
dient. You may assure Our Brothers of the Penobscot 
Indians that so long as they behave as Brothers we shall be 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 355 

disposed to treat them as such so far as shall appear to be 

reasonable. 

Brigadier Lovell will be with you as soon as wind and 

wether permit, upon whose arival we trust by the blessing of 

Heaven things will appear much more favourable than at 

present. 

I am your humble Servant 

President 
Andrew Gillman 



[ Here follows a list of medicines supplied Dr. Downer. ] 

Navy Board Eastern department 

Boston July 13, 1779 
To Dudley Saltonstall Esq r Commander of the Ship Warren 
Your ship being ready for the Sea you are to take under 
your direction the Brig 1 Diligent & all the Vessells belong- 
ing to or employed by this State for an Expedition Against 
the Enemy at Penobscot & proceed with them on said Expe- 
dition after Rendezvousing at Townsend where you will 
meet with & take with you the Sloop Providence Brig 1 
Active & any other Vessell destined to the same Service. 
You are to take every Measure & use your Utmost Endeav- 
ours to Captivate Kill or destroy the Enemies whole Force 
both by Sea & Land & the more effectually to answer that 
purpose you are to Consult Measures & preserve the greatest 
harmony with the Commander of the Land Forces that the 
Navy & Army may Cooperate & assist each other when that 
business is Kffected or if on your Arrival 3 r ou shall find the 
Enemy have left Penobscot & that shore & retired out of 
your reach 5Ton arc then to take witli you the Sloop Provi- 
dence *v Brig 1 Diligent who are Ordered to Cruise with you 
and under your Command & after furnishing the Command- 



356 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ers of them with Copys of your orders & proper directions 
& Signals proceed immediately to &c. &c. 

The aforegoing is a true Extract of the orders given by 
the Navy Board Eastern department to Captain Saltonstal so 
far as they relate to the Penobscot Expedition as appears of 
record. 

Attest Will m Story C N B E d 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber July 13 th 1779 
Ordered that the Board of War be & hereby are impowered 
& directed to Contract with M r Erskine for the Armed Ship 
Sally, to be employed in the present Expedition to Penobscot 
Provided he the s d Erskine will engage to have s d Ship 
furnished with a Number of men suitable for a Vessel of such 
Force in four Days from this time & also when ready to sail & 
join the Fleet at the place of Rendezvous or in Case the fleet 
should have left that place before her arival there then to 
join them at Penobscot & the Board of War are also directed 
to supply M r Erskine with two Bis of Powder for the Use of 
s d Vessel in Case she should be ready & proceed upon the 
Expedition at the time before mentioned. 

True Copy Attest John Avery D Sec 7 



To the Honorable the Council of the State of Massachusetts 
Bay 

Joshua Davis humbly Sheweth that he had engaged Five 
Men as Sailors to go on board several of the Transports 
under his care bound on the Expedition to Penobscott, 
which were yesterday impressed & carried on board the 
Armed Vessels, by which means he is destitute of hands 
necessary for that Service, and as the time limited for the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 357 

Fleet's sailing will not allow of procuring other Men he 
would humbly pray your Honors for an Order to take those 
five who were impressed for the purpose above mentioned. 
July 13, 1779 Joshua Davis Ag< Transports 



In Council July 13 th 1779 
Ordered — That the Naval Officer for the Port of Boston 
be and he hereby is Directed to clear out the Sloop called 
the Terrible John Whitmore Master bound to Kennebeck 
with Provisions on Board for the Use of the Inhabitants 
there & permit him to sail with the Fleet bound Eastward 
Attest John Avery D y Sec y 



State of Mass** Bay 

Council Chamber July 13 1779 
Ordered — That the Naval Officer for the Port of Salem 
be and he hereby is directed to clear out a Coasting Sloop 
now lying in the Port of Salem Cornelius Bradford Com- 
mander bound to Waldoborough & permit said Vessel to 
Sail with the Fleet bound Eastward — also two Coast Sloops 
Nathan Parker Master & Dennis of N. Yarm h 

Attest John Avery D y Sec y 



To the Hon ,,le the Council of the State of Massachusetts 
Bay 

The Petition of John Whitmore Master of the Sloop called 
Terrible Humbly Shcweth, 

That your petitioner in said Sloop follows the business of 
Coasting from Kennebeck to Boston, and lately arrived here 



358 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

with a Load of fire Wood which he sold in this Town, and 
laid out his money in the purchase of Grain & other Provisions 
to carry down to the Inhabitants there who are Suffering for 
the want of Provisions ; But by the Embargo lately laid your 
petitioner cannot get his said Vessel Cleared out without the 
leave of your Honors. 

He therefore humbly prays your Honors would be pleased 
to permit him to go down on said Sloop to the Eastward 
with the Provisions he has on board for the use of the Inhab- 
itants there, and if he can obtain your Honors leave he pro- 
poses to come up Immediately with another Load of Wood 
for this Town 

And as in duty bound shall pray & c 
Boston July 13 th 1779 John Whitman 



State of Mass" 8 Bay 

Council Chamber July 13 th 1779 
Ordered That Nathaniel Barber Esq r Naval Officer for the 
Port of Boston be and he hereby is Directed to clear out the 
several Vessels hereafter mentioned & permit them to sail 
with the Fleet bound to the Eastward Daniel Mitchell & 
Robert Johnson of North Yarmouth Coasters with Provisions 
& stores on Board their several Vessels — 
William York Master of the Sloop Olive bound to North 
Yarmouth — Coaster 

Smith Woodward Master of the Sch r Polly with Powder & 
Lead for the Use of the Town of Pepperelborough 
Joseph Christopher Master of a Small Vessel with Stores to 
the River Kennebeck 

Joseph Nye Master of the Sloop Dolphin bound to Kennebeck 
River with two Cows, Eight Sheep & two Hoggs and a 
Quantity of Household Furniture on Board 
John Martin Commander of a Coaster bound to Beverly 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 359 

Henry Atkins Master of the Schooner Polly bound to Truro 
on Cape Cod 

James Smith of Woolwich bound to Kennebeck River 
Daniel Howes in a Small Coasting Sloop bound to Yarmouth 
Nicholas Gardner in a Coasting Vessel bound to Georgetown 
Cap 1 Nash well known Free Mason bound to Salem 
Capt Frank Snow in the Schooner Unity bound to Casco Bay 

Attest John Avery D y Sec y 



State of Mass" 8 Bay 

Council Chamber July 13 th 1779 

Ordered — That the Naval Officer for the Port of Falmouth 

in Casco Bay be and hereby is directed to clear out the 

Coasting Sloop called the Driver Robert Haskel Commander 

now laying in Said Harbour bound to Beverly with a Load 

of Wood & permit her to sail from the Port of Falmouth 

Attest John Avery Dy. Secy 



State of Mass" 8 Bay 

Council Chamber July 14 th 1779 

Ordered — That the Naval Officer for the Port of Boston 
be and he hereby is Directed to Clear out the following Ves- 
sels after the Fleet shall have sailed from this Harbour 

Id/binson Hidden in a Small Schooner called the Harry 
with One Man & a Boy bound to Sawco. 

Schooner Dove Nath 1 Hall & Judah Paddock bound to 
Yarmouth. 

Sihooner Polly Simeon Hawes & two or three others 
bound to Barnstable 

Sloop Phoenix Edm° Mathews Master bound to Barn- 
stable 

Attest John Avery D y Sec y 



360 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber July 14, 1779 
To the Hon the Commissioners of the Continental Navy 
Board 
Gentlemen 

This Board being duly informed by the Board of War that 
the Ships & Vessels in Service of this State on the Expedi- 
tion to Penobscot are ready to proceed to Sea upon the 
proper Signals being given from the Frigate Warren, you are 
requested to give the necessary order to Captain Saltonstal 
as soon as may be 

In the Name & Behalf of the Council I am &c 

President 



Council Chamber July 14 th 1779 
Sir 

Joshua Davis Agent of Transports in the Penobscott 
Expedition has Represented to this Board that he is in great 
want of a Pilot & three or four men by reason of his hands 
being Impressed. The Council desire you to furnish M r 
Davis with a Pilot and three hands for the transport Hannah 
if in your Power 

Capt. Saltonstall 

Falmouth July 14, 1779 
To the Honourable Council of the Massachusetts State 

Agreeable to your Honors Order of the 26 th of June last 
I have Detach'd out of my Brigade Six hundred Men and 
form'd them into a Reg 1 , and have appointed proper Officers 
to command the same, Viz. Col Jon a Mitchell, Liev* Col 
Nath 1 Jorden, Jacob Brown, first, and Nath 1 Larrabee second 
Major ; on the 7 th Instant I rec d Orders from General Lovell, 
to cause said Troops to repair to Falmouth to be Rec d by 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 861 

Major Hill, who informed me he should be there on the 8 th 
and on the 9 th they arrived at Falmouth according to said 
Order and the Greater part have been waiting ever Since 
except those who liv'd Near by, who had Leave to retire 
home for want of Provision on the 14 th the transports 
Arriv'd and brought in with them a letter of Mark Sloop 
Laden with Rum bound from the Grenades to Hallifax which 
they took on their passage from Boston to Falmouth 
I am with true Respect your Honors most 
Obedient Humble SeiV 

Sam 11 Thompson Brig r 

State of Mass" 8 Bay 

Council Chamber July 15 1779 

Ordered — That the Naval Officer for the Port of Boston 
be and hereby is directed to clear out the following Vessels 
after the Fleet shall have sailed from the Harbor of Boston 
to the Eastward viz 1 — 

The Sloop three Friends Thomas Perkins Master for 
Arundel. 

The Sloop Polly Sam 1 Jones Master for Broad Bay. 

The Brig 1 Mary Jon a Ropes Master for Salem 

Sch r Dove Thomas Rider Master for Cape Cod 

Attest John Avery D y Sec y 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber July 15 th 1779 
Ordered That the Naval Officer for the Port of Newbury 

Port be and He hereby is directed to clear out the following 

Coasting Vessels after the Fleet shall have sailed from this 

Harbor for Penobscot viz 

Sloop smiling Molly — with two men bound for Sheepscut 
Sloop Rachel— with two men bound to Kennebeck 



302 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Sloop Tryal — with three men hound to Sheepscut 

Sloop Ranger — with three men bound to Sheepscut — & 

Sloop Coolbroth master with three hands bound to 

Clark Port 

Attest John Avery Dy. Sec y 



Machias July 16 th 1779 
Sir 

My last to You was the 3 d Instant from Passamaquody 
Via Penobscot by the Rev d Mons r DeLaMotte, who I sent 
Amoung the Indians on that River, Acquainting the Hono ble 
Board of delivering a War Belt of Wampum to the Said 
Indians. 

The day After Twenty Canoes with Family s, arrived from 
St. Johns & Eight from the Passamaquody Lakes, by which 
Ninety Canoes were Together, as soon as I had Concluded 
every Necessary with them, & my being Wanted at Machias, 
I returned There the 8 th to forward bussiness and take Other 
Measures for future 

I Brought with me four Micmack Indians, having a Con- 
ference I found that they were on Speculation to see how 
matters was Going & that if Agreeable to them, were ready 
to take up the Hatchet, it was concluded That two of them 
should be sent off to the Tribes from Chalure to Chignecto, 
who were their Constituents — the Others Two Continue till 
a Return, & Incline to go to Penobscot. 

Mr. Franklin & Baley the priest being Expected at St. 
Johns & Maj r Studholm giving Great presents, Engaged 
Twenty five Famelys to Continue on that River 

The rest are all ready to March, when Ordered and some- 
thing to Leave with their famelys. 

The Account I Received from Penobscut By the Spies, I 
sent, Are that the Enemy were Not More than five hundred 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 363 

Strong, One Thirty two Gun Frigate, one Twenty, & Two 
Sixteen, with Smaller Ones — that Only Six Pieces of Can- 
non were Landed, And Appeared to Be in Utmost Conster- 
nation for fear of An Attack, were much deceived & dis- 
apointed in the promises & Expectations from the Torys. 

Most of the Inhabitants had Submitted & taken the Oath 
of Allegiance, But According to Custom Experienc'd the 
Advantages of having British Troops, in Commiting Some 
of the Most Horrid Crimes Among them These are Reather 
More to be pited than Many More Eastward who has gone a 
distance to Acknowledg themselves Subjects. 

Union River, Maskeigh, & Dear Island, Most if not all the 
principle people, & Two or three from Frenchmans Bay & 
Gouldsborough have taken the Oath. But from the procla- 
mations I send & the Vigilent Conduct of Lieu* Col Camp- 
bell, Aded to the Good Spirit of the people at Mount Desert, 
Frenchmans Bay, Narraguagus, Pleasant River & Mechias, 
A determination has taken Place to Oppose, & defend the 
Country to the Last, And tho it is Lamentable & Deplorable 
to a degree in the want of provisions & other Necessarys, I 
trust Under the Smiles of a Kind Providence we Shall Pre- 
vent their Penetrating further. 

I cannot But Take the Liberty to Express myself, with 
what A Mortification & Deep sorrow I am Under That the 
Situation of this Department is Such, No Certain Intelligence 
or Instructions What I am to do, or what Movements Are 
Making to the Westward, that I might be able to do Some 
Service at this Critical Juncture Not Above Two Pounds of 
Bread Kind p r Week to each, for three Weeks past, Am 
Obliged to Borrow & Beg from every Denomination, when 
Expresses or Other Necessary business is to be done. 

Hud the Supplys &c recommended, been laid in, in the 
Spring, This Attempt would not have Been Made By the 
Enemy, for tho their plan has been in Agitation for some 



364 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

time, they Layd aside its Execution, till they saw what was 
Granted By Court, As their Strength was not Equivilent 
Otherways this I have from Undoubted Authority in Nova 
Scotia. 

I now beg leave further to Mention That by what I can 
Learn, the Intentions of the British Government is that they 
Expect to be Compelled to declare the Independency of the 
Thirteen States, But determine to Keep Canada & Nova 
Scotia, & By this to Extend their Line of Territorys to Ken- 
ebeck River. 

I Rely & Trust & Most Heartily plead that I may Not be 
Left Unnoticed in this Affair, that I may be Enabled to 
Assist in the Affair of Penobscot. 

The 11 th at 4 O'Clock in the Afternoon I Rec d Express 
from Lieu 1 Col Campbell at Narraguagus, That a Prize Brig of 
150 Ton Deeply Loded with Provisions from Ireland, Taken 
by the Wasp, Cap n Somes of Cape Ann had Got in there & 
were in Great Danger of Being Soon Attacked, As the 
Enemy would soon have Intelligence of her/ There is a 
number who Gives every Intelligence in Spight of what I can 
do & That she Could Not by any Means Go Westward while 
the Enemy were at Penobscot, Sailing Very Bad. I imme- 
diatly sett off in a Boat with Six Men. I Consulted with 
the Cap" & for Several Reasons Amoung Others the Great 
Advantages the Enemy would Reap they being very short at 
present and the Discouragement to the Inhabitants should 
she be taken, No place of Defence at Narraguagus. I ordered 
Ten Militia Men on Board & Brot her Round here Two days 
Ago under the Cannon. She is Full of Pork, Beef, Butter, 
Oatmeal & About 20,000 Weigh 1 Bisquit, Some English 
Goods 

From our Indigent State & the Indians Making a great 
Noise, Supposing it in my power to take The Whole, I took 
the Liberty of Borrowing 11 }£ Barrels of Pork 12 Barrels 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 365 

Beef 21 ct l« r Oatmeal 19 ct 2<i r8 Bisquit & Eight firkins But- 
ter or 47 % ct to be paid for or replaced in Boston, which I 
Doubt not will be Agreeable, & Trust will be paid when 
Demanded 

This Cargo would be very Advantagous for the States, if 
for Use here or sent Westward, But as this does not come 
within my Jurisdiction I only Took what necessity Required 
for the present till further Orders 

I have Just receiv'd Inteligence By Two Indians that the 
Rev d Mons r De LaMotte is on his way to Passamaquody By 
the Lakes, I shall sett of myself this Evening for that Place 

I am with much respect & Esteem Sir Your Most Obedient 
very Humble Servant J. Allan 

July 18 th The wind & Wether Continuing Bad, detained 
me Last Evening The Rev d DeLaMotte arrived, his Beheavor 
& Conduct has given me much satisfaction. He is Indefatig- 
able in the business. 

This Goes Via Penobscot with Cap 1 John Preble whom I 
send Express to the Comm g Off our Troops on that River 
and to Command the Indians of that River if necessary, which 
I leave to the Discretion of the Comm g Off J. A. 
To the Hon ble Jeremiah Powell President of Council 



Gentlemen, 

Ever ready and willing to perform the Duties of my 
Station, — with Pleasure I wou'd inform you in few Words 
of the Situation of the Ship under my Command : — That we 
are well Manned ; in good Health & high Spirits ; provided 
with Stores of every Kind necessary for the Expedition ; and 
are in readiness for Sea. Hope our Conduct thro' the whole 



366 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

will meet with the Approbation of the Honorable Board ; 
and of the Publick. 

The Inclosed is a Roll of the Officers, Seamen, and Marines 
belonging to the Putnam. 

From Your Obedient Servant 

Daniel Waters 
On Board Ship Gen 1 Putnam 
Nantaskett Rhode July 18 th 1779. 
To the Honourable, the Board War. 

P. S. 

No more Letters must be expected as the Paper that we 
have receiv'd is scarcely sufficient for necessary Uses — on 
Board Ship. 



Kittery July 20 th 1779 
The Hon b,e Council of the State of Mass* 8 Bay 

May it Please your Honors Agreable to your Honors 
orders 29 th June last to Detach from the Brigade under my 
Command three hundred Men in order to March to Penob- 
scot I have accordingly detached the same & formed them 
into four Companies with Proper Officers and put them under 
the Command of Maj. Daniel Littlefield who has march'd to 
Casco Bay with said Troops ; Likewise those Men Called for 
to fill up the Continental Army are raised and Delivered to 
the Superintendant for said County agreable to a Resolve of 
the General Court past June 9 th 1779; likewise those men 
ordered to be Detached for Providence under the Command 
of Lievtenant Job Wenshel, the reason of not sending more 
Officers I was directed by said Resolve to Join Company 
with the Brigadier of the County of Cumberland. I wrote to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 367 

him but rec d no Answer, there is generally a large proportion 
of Officers. 

As to those Men called for agreable to the resolve for Nine 
Months to march to Springfield they hant all got as Yet by 
reason of so large a Draft to go to Penobscot, Providence & 
Continental army ; all which distresses the People very much 
but all hands are Striving all that lays in their power and 
hope to procure the whole in a short time. 

I would beg leave to inform your Honors In calling for 
Officers from the third Regiment in the Brigade to my Sur- 
prize I found by Col° Cutts the Commanding Officer of said 
Regiment that their was neither Officer in said Regiment 
Except the field Officers that had a Proper Commission the 
reason is all the Officers in said Regiment were Commissioned 
in the Year 1776 with the Stile of George the Third King 
&c. Col Tristrum Jordan then commanded said Regiment 
but did not take proper care that the Commissions were 
altered agreable to an Act of this State the late Col Cutts 
not knowing of the affair till a few days ago when he found 
the Mistake he informed me of the same should be gdad of 
your Honors Direction about the Affair and shall wait your 
Honors Orders which as soon as Rec d shall be punctually 
complied with 

I have the Honor to be your Honors most Obed 1 

Humble Serv* 

Jn° Frost 



To the Hon 1 ' 18 the Council of the State of Massachusetts 
Bay. 

May it please your Hon ri your Petitioner being Agent for 
the owners of the Ship Pilgrim, which, under the command 
of Cap' Hill lately returned from her Cruise, and among 
other prizes took a Barque of very considerable Value, which, 



368 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

I am informed by the Prize Master on Board, is arrived on 
our eastern Coast a few Leagues below the Harbour possessed 
by the Enemy's Fleet. Which your Hon 18 must be sensible 
is in great danger of being taken by the Brittish. 

Your Petitioner therefore request your Honor to permit 
him to send a Shallop under the Com d of the said Cap 1 Hill, 
with about 20 men, from Salem to the Place where the s d 
Barque is, and bring her to Salem. Your Petitioner pre- 
sumes to add that, he conceives, the public, as well as the s d 
owners will be greatly benefited by your Hon" granting the 
s d permit, which he prays y r Hon rs to do, and as in Duty 

bound will pray 

Steph n Cleveland 
Salem July 20 th 1779 

State of Mass" 8 Bay 

Council Chamber July 20 th 1779 

Read & Ordered — That the Naval Officer for the Port of 

Salem be and hereby is directed to clear out a Shallop under 

the Command of Cap 1 Hill with about twenty men on Board 

for the Purpose of convoying a Barque lately captured by 

the Ship Pilgrim from Goldsborough in the Eastern part of 

this State to Salem and the Naval Officer at Goldsborough 

is hereby Directed to clear said Ship for the Port of Salem 

accordingly the Embargo on Vessels on the Contrary 

notwithstanding 

Attest Jn° Avery D* Sec y 

I do hereby Certify and promise that I will liberate all 

men that was impress'd last night by the Crew of the Ship 

Charming Sally of w h I am Owner 

Boston 21 st July 1779 

W m Erskine 

N. B also all men that was impress'd this day. 

The Honb 1 the Board of War — Boston. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 369 

Order to Board of War to take up Transports 

Orders of Council respecting the Penobscot Expedition viz 1 

Council Chamber July l 8t 1779 

Ordered That the Board of War be & hereby are directed 
to take up Three hundred Tons of Shipping upon the best 
terms they can & send them to the Town of Wells in the 
County of York in Order to Transport the Three Hundred 
Men ordered to be detached from that County to Penobscot, 
& they are also directed to cause, Provisions, sufficient to 
Victual the Three hundred Men aforesaid one Month, to be 
conveyed in as Secret a manner as possible to Joshua Brag- 
don at the Town aforesaid, and they are further directed to 
take up Six hundred Tons of Shipping upon the best terms 
they can & send them to Falmouth in the County of Cumber- 
land in Order to Transport the Six hundred Men ordered to 
be detached from that County to Penobscot and also to cause 
Provisions sufficient to Victual the Six hundred Men afore- 
mentioned one month to be conveyed in the most secret 
manner to Capt Joseph Noyes at Falmouth. And they are 
further directed to take up Six hundred Tons of Shipping 
upon the best terms they can & send them in Company with 
the Fleet that may sail from Nantasket to Townsend in the 
County of Lincoln in Order to Transport the Six hundred 
Men ordered to be detached from that County to Penobscot. 
And it is further Ordered that Townsend in the Province of 
Main be & hereby is Assigned as a place of general Ren- 
dezvous for the Land & Naval Force destined to Attack the 
Enemy at Penobscot. 

And it is further Ordered That the Board of War be & 
hereby is directed to provide a Doctor's Box under the Direc- 
tion of Doct r Joseph Gardner for the use of the Troops 
raised for the Penobscot Expedition. 



25 



370 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Council Chamber July 2 d 1779. 
Ordered That the Board of War be & they hereby are 
directed to furnish Brig r Gen 1 Lovell with two Horses for the 
purpose of sending two of his Family to the Eastward in 
Order to forward the Expedition to Penobscot — he to be 
accountable for the same. 



Council Chamber July 2 d 1779. 
Ordered That the Board of War be & they hereby are 
directed to procure for Brigadier General Lovell such 
Necessaries as he may think proper to carry on the Expedi- 
tion to Penobscot he to be accountable for the Expenditure 
of such Articles as the said Board may deliver in Conse- 
quence of this Order. 



Council Chamber July 2 d 1779 
Ordered That the Board of War be & they hereby are 
directed to take two hundred Barrels of unappropriated 
Powder at Castle Island & deliver the same to Col William 
Burbeck for the purpose of preparing the Ammunition for 
the intended Expedition & to replace the said Quantity of 
Powder as soon as may be. 
[ Seal ] 

Council Chamber July 2 d 1779 
Whereas it appears to This Board that it is absolutely 
necessary to compleat a sufficient Naval Force for the Penob- 
scot Expedition that the Ship General Putnam now in this 
Harbour should be taken into that Service immediately & 
the Owners there of being at a distance Therefore Ordered 
That the Sheriff of the County of Suffolk be & he hereby is 
impowered & directed to impress the Ship General Putnam 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 371 

with her Tackle & Appurtenances & deliver her to the 
Board of War to fit her immediately for a Two Months 
Cruize, to Sail on an Expedition to Penobscot, to dispossess 
the Enemy of the United States there & This shall be your 
sufficient Warrant hereof fail not & make due Return of this 
Warrant with your doings forthwith. 
In the Name & behalf of this Council 

Jer Powell Pres 1 
John Avery D Sec y 

Suffolk Ss: July 2 d 1779 Agreeable to the above Warrant 
I have impressed the Ship General Putnam with her Tackle 
& Appurtenances & delivered the same to the Board of War 

W m Greenleaf Sheriff 



Council Chamber July 2 d 1779 
Ordered That the Board of War be & they hereby are 
directed to furnish the Commissary appointed for the Penob- 
scot Expedition with One Barrel New England Rum, Eight 
Yards of Blue Cloth for Coats, Fourteen Yards Linnen for 
Shirts ( White ) Twelve Blankets, Two dozen Jack Knives 
twenty Pounds of Powder, One hundred pounds of Lead, 
Twenty Weight of Bever Shott, Six Dozen Flint, & Six 
Bushels Corn for the purpose of supplying a Company of 
Indians at Penobscot provided that said Indians shall inlist 
in the Service of this State for the dislodgment of the Enemy 
near Penobscot River — to be delivered out under the Direc- 
tion of General Lovell. 

Council Chamber July 2 d 1779 
Ordered That the Board of War be & they hereby are 
directed to engage the Ship ;it Hancock's Wharf with Six- 
teen Six Pounders Robert Adamson Commander upon the 



372 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

same Conditions as have been offered by the General Court 
for the Penobscot Expedition. 



Warrant to Impress Seamen 

[LS] To the Sheriff of the County of his under 

Sheriff or Deputy Greeting 

Whereas the General Assembly by their Resolution of the 
30 th clay of June last did empower the Council in case the 
Vessels designed for the expedition to Penobscot cannot be 
seasonably manned in the usual way (which now appears to 
the Council) to issue Press Warrants to such Officers as they 
shall judge proper for the purpose of procuring men for said 
Vessels for a term of time not exceeding Two Months. 
You & each of you are hereby authorized & Commanded 
taking with you such Assistance as you judge proper, forth- 
with to take seize & impress any able-bodied Seamen, or 
Mariner which you shall find in your Precinct ( Captains or 
Masters of any Ships or Vessels excepted ) to serve on board 
any of the Vessels entered into the Service of this State to 
be employed in the proposed expedition to Penobscot, for, & 
during the said term of two Months from the date of said 
Resolution unless sooner duly discharged ; & for the more 
effectual execution of this Warrant, You are hereby Author- 
ized to enter on board & search any Ship or Vessel or to 
break open & search any Dwelling House or other Building 
in which you shall suspect any such Seamen or Mariners to 
be concealed, first demanding Peaceable entrance thereinto 
of any Person within such Dwelling House or other Build- 
ing for the purpose of executing this Warrant & it being 
refused or not given you. And all such able-bodied Seamen 
or Mariners as you shall find within your District, & shall 
impress as aforesaid you are to deliver over to . . who 



OF THE STATE OF MALNE 373 

is hereby authorized & directed to retain them in his Custody 
until they shall be by Order of Council properly Assigned 
to & among the Vessels aforesaid Given at the Council 
Chamber under Our Hands & the Seal of the said State at 
Boston this third day of July A D j 1779 And in the Third 
Year of the Independence of the United States of America 
Signed by the Maf part of the Council 

Jn° Avery D Sec y 



Council Chamber July 3 d 1779 
To the Sheriff of the County of Essex his under Sheriff or 
Deputy Greeting — 

Whereas it appears to this Board that it is absolutely 
necessary to compleat a sufficient Naval Force for the Penob- 
scot Expedition that three ships now in the Harbour of 
Salem viz 1 The Ships Hector, Black Prince & Hunter shou'd 
be taken into that Service immediately. And Whereas the 
Owners & Commanders thereof have refused to hire the said 
Ships into the Service of this State, to be employed in the 
proposed expedition to Penobscot, upon the Terms men- 
tioned in the Resolutions of the General Assembly of this 
State of the 29 th day of June last You & each of you are 
hereby empowered & Commanded to impress the said Three 
Ships with their Tackle & Appurtenances & deliver them to 
the Board of War to fit them immediately for a Two Months 
Cruize to sail on an Expedition to Penobscot, to dispossess 
the Enemies of the United States there And this shall lie 
your sufficient Warrant, hereof fail not & make due Return 
of this Warrant with your doings thereon forthwith. Given 
at the Council Chamber in Boston this third day of July in 
the Year of our Lord One Thousand seven hundred & Sev- 



374 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

enty Nine. And in the third Year of the Independence of 

the United States of America. 

In the name & behalf of the Council 

Jer. Powell Presid 
John Avery D Sec y 

Order impower 9 Sam 1 White Esq 1 ' to procure Officers for Ship 
Gren 1 Putnam 

In Council July 3 d 1779 
Ordered That Samuel White Esq r be & hereby is empow- 
ered to procure proper Officers & Men for the Armed Ship 
General Putnam now lying in the Harbour of Boston & taken 
into the Service of this State, to be employed upon the Expe- 
dition to Penobscot said Officers to be Commissioned by the 
Council & they & the Seamen are to serve on board said Ship 
for the Term of Two Months from the 30 th of June last, 
unless sooner duly discharged upon the Terms mentioned in 
the Resolutions of the General Assembly relative to said 
Expedition. 



Order to B d of War to appraise Ship Gen 1 Putnam $ to 
deliver Stores to Officers 

Council Chamber July 3 d 1779 
Ordered That the Board of War be & they hereby are 
impowered & directed to appoint some suitable Person or 
Persons to take an inventory of the stores on board the Ship 
General Putnam & to Appraise said Vessel & her Appurte- 
nances & such Stores the property of Capt Saltonstall & his 
Officers to be taken out & delivered to them in Order that 
the Ship may be put in immediate readiness for Sea. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 375 

Council Chamber July 3 d 1779 
Ordered That the Board of War be & they hereby are 
directed to procure three hundred & fifty Barrels of Flour, 
One hundred & Sixteen Barrels of Pork, One hundred & 
Sixty five Barrels of Beef, Eleven Teirces of Rice, Three 
hundred & fifty Bushels of Pease, five hundred & fifty two 
Gallons of Molasses, Two Thousand, One hundred & Seventy 
Six pound of Soap & Seven hundred & Sixty Eight pound 
of Candles being a deficient Quantity in the Schedule here- 
unto annexed- & Ship the same on board the Transports for 
the intended Expedition to Penobscot. 

The Schedule refered to in the above Viz 1 

Should be Already Sniped Short 

Flour 89,600 lbs 448 bbs 6000 90 bbs 858 bbs NB 6 Tons 

Pork 25,600 lbs 116 bbs 116 bbs Bread as 60 

Beef 80,000 lbs 333 bbs 40,320 lbs 168 bbs 165 bbs bbs Flour 

Rice 22,400 lbs 45 T rs 17,000 lbs 84 T rs 11 T™ 

Pease 350 Bushs 350 Bush 

Molasses 1152 G s 600 G s 562 G s 

Soap 2,176 lbs 2,176 lbs 

Candles 768 lbs 768 lbs 

Vinegar 
NB 6 lb s to 100 Men P Week for Guards 

The above is calculated for 1600 Men for 8 Weeks 



War Office 3 July 1779 This schedule has been laid 
before us by M r Lucas the Commissary appointed by your 
Honors for this Expedition & considerably exceeds the quan- 
tity heretofore directed we shall fulfil any Orders your hon- 
ors give hereon Sam 1 Phips Savage 



The Committee of Council appointed to repair to Salem 
and there use their Endeavors with the Owners of the Armed 
Vessels at Salem to engage them in the Penobscot Expedi- 



376 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

tion &c have attended the service & report that immediately 
upon their Arrival at Salem they sent for Capt Haskell 
Derby Agent of the Owners of the Ship Hunter, Capt Tho 8 
Mason Agents of the Owners of the Ship Hector & Capt 
Samuel Williams Agents of the Owners of Ship Black Prince 
who came & confered with your Committee with respect to 
engaging the Vessels abovementioned in the present Expe- 
dition Your Committee endeavoured to impress upon their 
Minds the Importance of these Vessels being engaged & 
desired them to use their Influence with the respective Own- 
ers of said Vessels for this purpose & desired that they would 
get them to meet us at Our Lodging the next Morning at 
Eight o'Clock. They accordingly came at the Time 
Appointed & after some Conversation upon the Subject, they 
all agreed their Vessels should engage in the Expedition 
upon the same terms that those from Newbury Port engaged 
only desiring they might have a Months Provisions & the 
loan of two Cables of 11 to 12 inches Your Committee have 
also engaged the Brigantine Defence of Sixteen Six Pounders 
belonging to Mess r John & Andrew Cabot & others provided 
she can be got ready by the Time the Fleet sails which the 
Owners think can be done by that time or so as to join the 
Fleet at the place of Rendezvous at the Eastward. 

Thomas dishing p r order 
In Council July 5 th 1779 

Read & Accepted Jn° Avery D Sec y 



In Council July 5 th 1779 
Resolved That the Officers of the Land Forces destined to 
Penobscot by a Resolve of the Gen 1 Court shall receive the 
Number of Rations according to the Continental Establish- 
ment & not otherwise, & the Commissary is hereby directed 
to govern himself accordingly & that the said Commissary 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 377 

deliver the Rum sent by the State to Penobscott to the 
Troops according as the Commander of the Forces destined 
there shall Order & direct. 



Council Chamber July 6 th 1779 
Ordered That the Board of War be & they are hereby 
directed to issue their Orders to Capt Allen Hallet Com- 
mander of the Brig Active to Sail in Consort with the Conti- 
nental Sloop Providence for the Purpose of conveying some 
of the Provision Vessels to Falmouth in the County of 
Cumberland 



Council Chamber July 6 th 1779 
Ordered That the Board of War be & hereby are directed 
to deliver to M r John Lucas Commissary of Provisions on 
the Expedition to Penobscot, the Provisions they were 
directed on the first instant to send to the Towns of Wells & 
Falmouth for the use of the Troops that may Rendezvous 
there & the said Commissary is hereby directed to Cause said 
Provisions to be immediately transmitted to the Towns 
beforementioned to such Persons as he shall appoint to 
Receive them for the Use of the Troops aforesaid & the 
Board of War are further directed to deliver the Ordnance 
Stores for the Expedition to Penobscot to M r Gilbert Speak- 
man Commissary of Ordnance, instead of delivering them to 
Col Revere the order of the 30 th of June last notwithstand- 
ing, the said Gilbert Speakman to be accountable for the 
same. 



Council Chamber July 6 th 1779 
Ordered That the Board of War be & they hereby are 
directed to take up sonic suitable Vessel for the purpose of 



378 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

transporting Lieut Col Revere's Train of Artillery & their 
Baggage to the Eastward upon the Penobscot Expedition. 



In Council July 7 th 1779 
Ordered That some Gentleman be appointed as Second in 
Command to Brig Gen 1 Lovell upon the Penobscot Expedi- 
tion & to Rank as a Brig r and that Artemas Ward Esq r be 
a Committee to consult with Gen 1 Lovell upon the Matter & 
Report. 

On Motion Ordered That the appointment of a Gentleman 
to be Second in Command to Gen 1 Lovell upon the Penob- 
scot Expedition to Serve as an Engineer & to Rank as a 
Brigadier be by Ballot & Ordered That Sam 1 Baker Esq r be 
a Committee to collect, Count & sort the Votes for said Gen- 
tleman & report who reported that the Votes were 15 and 
that Peleg Wadsworth Esq r was unanimously Chosen. 



Council Chamber July 7 th 1779 
Ordered That the Board of War be & they hereby are 
directed to equip the Armed Vessels & other Vessels 
intended for the Penobscot Expedition & to get them ready 
for sailing by next Friday Morning upon said Expedition 
without Fail. 



Council Chamber July 7 th 1779 
Whereas the Council of this State have Ordered the Board 
of War to equip the Armed Vessels & other Vessels intended 
for the Penobscot Expedition & to get them ready for sailing 
without Fail by next friday Morning Therefore Ordered 
That the Navy Board be & hereby are requested to get the 
Continental Vessels ready for Sea by the Time aforesaid 
without fail. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 379 

In CouncilJuly 7 th 1779 
Ordered That Brig r General Lovell be and hereby is 
impowered & directed to appoint some suitable Person as 
Master of Transports for the Expedition to Penobscot 



In Council July 7 th 1779 
Ordered That the Board of War be & hereby are directed 
to send the Brig Pallas one of the Vessels destined for the 
Penobscot Expedition in Consort with the Sloop Providence 
& Brig Active intended as a Convoy to the Provision Vessels 
for said Expedition. Capt Johnson Commander of said Brig 
engaging to Keep Company with those Vessels and to 
observe the Orders & Signals of Capt Hacker until he shall 
join the Fleet at the appointed Rendezvous & said Capt 
Johnson engaging in behalf of the Owners to take upon him 
the risque of said Vessel & Appurtenances until he shall join 
the Fleet as aforesaid. And the Board of War are further- 
directed to appoint some suitable Person or Persons to 
appraise said Brig Pallas & her Appurtenances previous 
to her sailing as also the other Armed Vessels belonging to 
Newbury Port & other Ports that are engaged in said 
Service. 



Council Chamber July 8 th 1779. 
Whereas the Board of War were directed by an Order of 
the l Bt of July instant to take up three hundred Tons of 
Shipping & send them to the Town of Wells in the County 
of York in Order to Transport three hundred Men to Penob- 
scot And Whereas great inconveniences may arise in Conse- 
quence of that Order — Therefore Ordered that the Board of 
War be & they hereby are directed to issue their Orders that 
the said Shipping may be sent to such place or places as will 



380 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

best expedite the intended Expedition to Penobscot the Order 
of the 1 st inst. notwithstanding so far as it respects sending 
the Shipping to the Town of Wells as aforesaid. 

In Council July 8 th 1779 
Warrant on the Treasury for Two Thousand Pounds in 
favor of Hon ble Walter Spooner Major Samuel White & 
Daniel Martin or either of them a Committee for Manning 
the Vessels in the Harbour of Boston agreeable to a Resolve 
passed 30 th June last in part — said Committee to be Account- 
able for the same. Signed by fifteen of the Council 

Council Chamber July 8 th 1779 
Whereas it has been represented to this Board that the 
Field Pieces appropriated for the present Expedition are too 
light for the Service Therefore Ordered that the Board of 
War be & hereby are directed to apply to Major Barber 
Continental Commissary of Ordnance for the loan of Two 
Brass four Pound Field Pieces now compleatly fixed with 
One hundred Rounds : And they are also directed to deliver 
to Capt Speakman Commissary of Ordnance for the Penob- 
scot Expedition a Twelve Pounder compleatly fixed in the 
Room of One of the Nine Pound Cannon which has already 
been appropriated for the Service above mentioned. 



Council Chamber July 8 th 1779 
Ordered That the Board of War be & they hereby are 
directed to keep three Guard Boats out. One to be Stationed 
in Pudding Point Gut, one upon the East side of the Castle 
& the other upon the West side with Orders not to suffer 
any Boats to pass during the Nights while the Fleet intended 
for the Penobscot Expedition are in Harbour. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 381 

Council Chamber July 8 th 1779 
Lieut. Col Paul Revere, 

The General Assembly of this State having appointed you 
to take the Command of the Train of Artillery to be 
employed in the present Expedition against the Enemy now 
invading the Eastern Parts of the State You are therefore 
directed when you shall receive Orders for that purpose from 
Brigadier General Lovell, to embark with the Troops under 
your Command on board the Transports provided for the said 
Expedition, & to pursue such Orders as you may from time 
to time receive from the said Brigadier Gen 1 Lovell or other 
of your Superior Officers, during the Continuance of the said 
Expedition. In the Name & behalf of the Council. 

In Council July 9 th 1779 
Agreeable to the Assignment of this Morning the Board 
took under Consideration the Appointment of a Surgeon 
General upon the Penobscot Expedition & thereupon Ordered 
That Doct. Downer be & he hereby is appointed first Sur- 
geon to said Service & that the Secretary be directed to 
inform him of his Appointment accordingly. 

Warrant on the Treasury for Five Thousand Pounds in 
favor of Hon ble Walter Spooner Esq r Caleb Davis Esq/ & 
others a Committee for Manning the Vessels in the Harbor 
of Boston agreeable to a Resolve passed 30 th June last in 
part — said Committee to be Accountable for the same. 
Signed by fifteen of the Council. 



Council Chamber July 9 th 1779 
Whereas it hath been represented to the Council by the 
Navy Board that a considerable number of Men are wanted 



382 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

to Man the Continential Frigate Warren for the expedition 
to Penobscot & that the Navy Board by their standing 
instructions are not authorized to enlist anjr Men to serve on 
board the Continental Vessels for a Term less than Four 
Months & that no men can now be obtained for that Term or 
upon other Condition than that they shall be discharged from 
said Ship as soon as the said Expedition may be finished. 
And as it is the Opinion of the Council that such standing 
Instructions are calculated only for ordinary occasions & 
cou'd never be intended to be applied to pressing emer- 
gencies — Therefore it is recommended to the said Navy 
Board that on the present important occasion they do immedi- 
ately proceed to engage the whole number of Men wanted to 
man the said Ship to serve on board her until, the said 
Expedition shall be finished, the said Instructions to them 
notwithstanding And it is the clear Opinion of the Council 
that is the duty of the said Navy Board so to do, more 
especially since the General Assembly relying upon the 
Assistance of said Ship have been at so great an expence to 
prepare a Naval & land force for said expedition which is 
now ready to enter upon the same. 



In Council July 10 th 1779 
Ordered That the Secretary draught an Order directing 
that the Board of War supply Capt Daniel Waters Com- 
mander of the Ship General Putnam with such Cabbin 
Stores, as they usually furnished the Captains of the State 
Armed Vessels with. 



In Council July 11 th 1779 
Ordered That the Press Warrants ordered the 3 rt instant 
be immediately issued for the purpose of Manning the Con- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 383 

tinental Frigate Warren & the other Armed Vessels in the 
Harbour of Boston intended upon the Penobscot Expedition 
And that the said Impress for Seamen be made in This Town 
at 5 o'Clock P. M. 

Ordered That the Secretary draught an Order directing 
the Board of War to furnish the Commissary Appointed for 
the Penobscot Expedition agreeable to the Order of July 2 d 
ins 1 with Donation Blankets 



Council Chamber July 10 th 1779 
To 

In pursuance of the Resolutions of the General Assembly 
of this State you being destined on the present Expedition 
against the Enemy now invading the Eastern Parts of this 
State You are therefore directed when you shall receive 
Orders for that Purpose from Dudley Saltonstall Esq r Com- 
mander of the Continental Frigate Warren, to proceed with 
the Fleet destined on said Expedition & to pursue such 
Orders as you may from time to time receive from the said 
Dudley Saltonstall Esq r or other Your Superior Officers dur- 
ing the Continuance of the said Expedition & observe & 
Obey all such Signals as he may appoint for the better Reg- 
ulating & Conducting said Fleet. And you are not to leave 
or seperate from said Fleet unless by Permission or direction 
of said Dudley Saltonstall or other Your Superior Officers. 



Council Chamber July 11 th 1779 
Ordered That Daniel Waters Captain of the Armed Ship 
General Putnam now laying in this Harbor be & he hereby 
La directed immediately to order on board the said Ship all 
the Officers & Men belonging to her & forthwith proceed 
down to Nantasket Road & to depart from thence for the 



384 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

harbour of Marblehead the instant the Wind will admit of it 
& that he there assist the Civil Officers ( if called upon ) in 
impressing Seamen for the Ships engaged upon the Expedi- 
tion to Penobscot & to receive on board his Ship all such 
impressed Seamen to be afterwards distributed among the 
said Ships as there shall be occasion & as soon as possible to 
rejoin said Ships. These Orders so far as relates to your 
proceeding to Marblehead or the impressing of Seamen arc to 
be Kept a profound secret until it becomes necessary to com- 
municate such parts of them in Order to their Execution. 



Council Chamber July 11 th 1779 
Ordered That the Board of War be and they hereby are 
directed to issue their Orders to the Commanders of all the 
State Vessels to order their Officers & Seamen immediately 
on board their several Vessels in the Harbor of Boston. 



Council Chamber July 11 th 1779 
To William Greenleaf Esq r Sheriff of the County of Suffolk 
You are instructed & directed immediately before you 
enter upon the impress to place sufficient Guards at the sev- 
eral Ferries in the Town & at the other outletts from the 
Town to prevent any Seamen or Mariners from escaping out 
of it, till after the proposed impressment of Seamen shall be 
finished. And you are to place one of your Deputy Sheriffs 
or some Constable of the Town at each of those Stations and 
to furnish them with a Press Warrant to the end that if they 
should meet with any Seamen they may be immediately 
impressed. You are as far as possible to avoid any abuse or 
injury being offered to the persons who may be the subjects 
of Impressment. Similar to the above given to the Sheriff 
of Essex. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 385 

Ordered That Thomas Cushing Esq r draught a Letter to 
Elias Haskell Derb}', informing him that it it is the Expec- 
tion of the Board that he would acquaint the Owners of the 
Armed Ships Hunter Hector & Black Prince to get their 
Ships in readiness immediately and proceed to Nantasket 
Harbour to join the Fleet. 

Ordered That Thomas Cushing Esq r draught a Letter to 
Col° Orne & Col Lee requesting them to procure not less 
than Sixty Men for the Ship General Putnam by Inlistment 
oi otherwise by Impress agreeable to a Warrant to be inclosed 
to them & to forward said Men immediately. 

In Council July 12 th 1779 
Ordered That Artemas Ward Esq r draught a Letter to 
Brig. Gen 1 Lovell respecting the Indians at Penobscot to 
supply them with Ammunition & Provision & to employ 
them in the Service of the Expedition to Penobscot if said 
Indians should be disposed to enter into said Service. 

Council Chamber July 12 tb 1779 
To Capt Daniel Waters of the Ship General Putnam 

You are directed to suspend proceeding to Marblehead 
until further Orders ; the Directions given to you yesterday 
to that purpose notwithstanding. 

Council Chamber July 12 th 1779 
Ordered That Brigadier Gen 1 Lovell be & he hereby is 
directed to order Lieut Colonel Revere with one hundred of 
his Train including Officers to embark on board the Trans- 
ports prepared for the purpose of Transporting him & his 
Train to Penobscot without a moments delay 

Council Chamber July 18 th 1779 
Ordered That the Board of War be & hereby is directed 
to supply Capt Waters with Stops for such of the Impressed 

26 



386 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Men on board the General Putnam as may stand in absolute 
need of them he to be accountable for the same & to cause 
the Costs of such Stops to be deducted out of the Wages of 
such Men as may be supplied with them. 

Council Chamber July 13 th 1779 
Ordered That the Board of War give Directions to the 
Commanders of the Ships & Vessels in the Service of this 
State & employed in the Expedition to Penobscot to proceed 
to Sea immediately upon the Signal being given from the 
Continental Frigate Warren. 

Ordered That Samuel Adams Esq r draught a Letter to 
the Continental Navy Board requesting them to Order the 
Commander of the Frigate & other Ships under his Direction 
to proceed to the place of Rendezvous already agreed on. 

Ordered That a Warrant be drawn on the Treasury for 
Six hundred Pounds in favor of Brig Gen 1 Lovell to enable 
him to purchase Necessaries for the Penobscot Expedition — 
he to be accountable for the same. Warrant drawn & Signed 
by fifteen of the Council. 

In Council July 13 th 1779 
Whereas Representation has been made to this Board that 
the Continental Frigate Warren is not mann'd with a suita- 
ble number of Seamen This Board taking into Consideration 
the great importance of this Ship for the intended expedition 
against the Enemy at Penobscot think it necessary to Author- 
ize the Commander of said Ship & he is hereby Authorized 
& impowered to take out of the Ships & other Armed Ves- 
sels that shall Sail in Company with him so many able Sea- 
men as he shall find indispensably necessary for the good of 
the Service not exceeding Thirty and to return said Men to 
the Vessels from which they may be taken, at the expiration 
of the expedition. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 387 

Council Chamber July 13 th 1779 
Ordered that the Board of War be & hereby are empow- 
ered & directed to contract with Erskine for the Armed 
Ship Sally to be employed in the present Expedition to 
Penobscot, provided he the said Erskine will engage to have 
said Ship furnished with a number of Men suitable for a Ves- 
sel of such Force in four days from this time & also then 
ready to Sail & join the Fleet at the place of Rendezvous, or 
in Case the Fleet should have left that place before her 
Arrival there, then to join them at Penobscot, & the Board 
of War are also directed to supply Erskine with two barrels 
of Powder for the use of said Vessel in Case she should be 
ready & proceed upon the Expedition at the time before- 
mentioned. 

In Council July 14 th 1779 
Ordered That Thomas Cushing Esq r draught a Letter to 
Capt Saltonstall giving him Instructions respecting the 
Armed Vessels upon the intended Expedition to Penobscot 
after said Expedition shall be at an End. 

Ordered That Samuel Adams Esq r draught a Letter to the 
Honble Navy Board to inform them that the Board of War 
have given orders to the State Vessels to sail immediately & 
to request the Navy Board to give similar Orders to the 
Vessels under their Directions. 

In Council July 20 th 1779 
Ordered That Artemas Ward & Samuel Adams Esq 1 ' 8 be a 
Committee to draught a Letter to the President of the 
Honble Congress informing Congress of the Measures taken 
by this State to dislodge the Enemy at Penobscot & report 
who reported a draught of a Letter which was read & 
Accepted & forwarded. 

Ordered That Samuel Adams Esq r draught an Order 
directing tin- Board of War to lit out a suitable Vessel for a 
Spy Boat to Watch the Motions of the Enemys Vessels 



388 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Southward as also procure a Vessel to obtain Intelligence 
from Penobscot. 

A General Return of General Lovells Detachment of 
Militia 

OFFICERS PRESENT 



Col" 


M' Cobb Col° Mitchell 


Major Littlefield 


Total 


Commission'd 










Colonels 


1 


1 




2 


1/ Colonels 


1 


1 




2 


Majors 


2 


2 


1 


& 


Captains 


6 


8 


4 


18 


1 st Lieutenants 


4 


8 


4 


16 


2 n<1 Lieutenants 


4 


8 


2 


14 


Staff 










Adjutants 


1 


1 


1 


3 


Q r Masters 


1 


1 


1 


3 


Chaplains 




1 




1 


Surgeons 




1 




1 


Surg" Mates 




1 




1 


non-comniission'd 










Serjeant Majors 


1 


1 


1 


3 


Q r M r Serj 1 


1 


1 


1 


3 


Serjeants 


20 


32 


14 


66 


Drums & Fifes 


5 


14 


2 


21 


Effective Rank & File 








i 


present fit for Duty 


293 


428 


152 


873 


Sick in Barrack 


4 


1 




5 


sick in Hospital 










Siek absent 


1 


1 




2 


On Command 




8 




3 


On Furlough 


10 






10 


Total 


308 


433 


152 


893 


Wanting to compleat 










Serjeants 


8 






3 


Drums & Fifes 


7 


2 


6 


15 


Rank & File 


256 


119 


124 


499 


Alterations since last Return 








Join'd 










dead 










discharged 


1 






1 


deserted 


3 






3 


1 L l Col and 2 Lieutenants not joind 


— 







Townsend July 20 th 1779 



Jeremiah Hill Adj 1 General. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 389 

To the Hon ble the Councell of the State of Massachu. Bay 
The petition of Elias Hasket Derby Mas* Humbly Sheweth 
That your petitioner being a Large Owner of the Ship 
Hunter & although but a few days in from her Cruise was 
the first to join the Fleet 

That your petitioner is likewise owner of the Brig* Fame 
of Eighteene Guns Sam 1 Hobs Commander, — that I did intend 
Should have gone with the Fleet, but could not be got 
ready, — my Request is that s d Cap 1 Hobs may be permitted 
to Sail — & your petitioner does hereby promice that S d 
Brig 1 Shall join the Fleet at Penobscot & there tarry till the 

Expedition is Over 

Elias Hasket Derby 
Salem 21 July 1779 



Gen. LovelVs Orderly Book 

Jeremiah Hill Adjutant General to the Hon'ble Brig: Gen- 
eral Lovell for the Penobscott Expedition 

Commission'd July 2 nd 1779 
[ On cover of book ] 

General Orders 

Head Quarters (Townsend) July 21 8t 1779 

Parole Countersign 

Field Officer of the day to morrow L* Col Jordan Adju- 
tant Meserve 

The Commanding Officers of Transports are directed to 
fill all their Water Casks and continue to keep their Stock 
good, also a sufficient Number of men to be detach'd for that 
purpose ; all Officers are requested ( for the first time ) to 
)>e very exact in their weekly as well as other Returns as 
their first will be a Standard for all Others — all Alterations 



390 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

will be noted in the Column "Alterations since last Return 7 ' 
tbey will also keep a true Copy of every Return for their 
own safety. Commissary M c Lelan will direct as much soft 
Bread baked as possible or convenient for the present. The 
adj 1 of the day to attend H d Q rs at orderly Time. The Troops 
on Board the Transports to be regularty Landed to morrow 
morning 9 O. Clock to manoeuvre and exercise till noon and 
then to be embark'd again in the same Order. The Com g 
Officers of Reg 1 & Corny are directed to examine the State 
of the Arms of their respective Companies and make a 
Return immediately to Head Quarters noting the Number 
"fit for Service, out of Repair, and wanting." The Com- 
manding Officers of Comp y in Col M c Cobbs Reg* to make 
immediate Return of the Names & places of abode of all 
those Soldiers who are detach'd for this Expedition and not 
yet join'd 

After Orders 

The Commanding Officers of the Troops rais'd in the sev- 
eral Counties for the Expedition to Penobscott now rendez- 
vous'd at Townsend are directed to apply at H d Quarters at 
Six O.Clock to morrow morning for such a Number of Arms 
and Accutrements as are necessary to compleat their Reg ta 
also a Return of Ammunition to compleat them to 18 Rounds 
p r Man, they will at the same Time present a provision 
Return to compleat their Reg tB with 4 Days provision from 
to morrow morning which they will dress by four °Clock in 
the Afternoon if possible, also a Return for Camp Utensels 
to compleat their men with a Pot & Bowl for every Six Men. 
The Officers of those Troops already on board the Transports 
will permit so many of their men to go on shore under the 
Direction of proper Officers as are necessary for the purpose 
of cooking, they will take Care not to injure the Inhabitants 
in any way 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 391 

The whole of the Troops excepting the Train of Artillery 
are to parade compleat in Arms & Accntremeirts to morrow 
precisely at five OClock in the Afternoon at Wileys Point 
all ready to embark. Thej* will Omit parading at 9 OClock 
in the morning any Order to the contrary notwithstanding, 
the Troops on board are to be landed in season for parading 
in the Afternoon, and those on Shore will have their Bag- 
gage at Wileys Point previous to landing, Col Davis will 
have his Transports in readiness for embarking the Troops 
to morrow afternoon lie will also appoint five men to each 
flat botom'd Boat who will make it their Business to take 
Care of and to row the Boats in landing and embarking the 
Troops, and to continue in that Business 'till further Orders. 
The Officers of each Transport in which there are Axes bill- 
hooks & Tomahoks deposited for the Use of the Army will 
order a small party in each Vessell to mount a Grind Stone 
and grind them all fit for Use as soon as possible. The Q r 
M r Gen 1 Commis y of Ordinance and Commis y of Provisions 
will hold them selves in readiness to answer the Gen 1 Orders 
to morrow morning. The Gen 1 expects the utmost exertions 
of the Officers to equip and compleate their men in the best 
manner possible and to execute his Orders with the Utmost 
precition, as it is upon such Exertions that the Success of all 
military Opperations under God depends. 

In Council July 22 d 1779 
On the petition of Elias Ilasket Derby for a permit for the 
Brig 1 Fame of 18 Guns to proceed to sea & join the Fleet 
at Penobscot 

Ordered, That the Naval Officer for the Port of Salem be 
& hereby is directed to Clear out the Brig' Fame, Samuel 
Hobs commander, in case Elias Ilasket Derby shall leave in 
said Office his Bond payable to the Treasurer of this State 
in the penal sum of Ten thousand pounds — On Condition 



392 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

that said Brig* shall proceed immediately to Penobscot unad- 
voidable casualties excepted and join the Fleet there, under 
the Command of Dudley Saltonstall Esq r and continue there, 
under the direction of the commander of said Fleet during 
the expedition or untill she shall be regularly discharged said 
Brig* to be at the Risque & expence of the owners 

Attest Sam 1 Adams Sec y 



Head Quarters (July 22 nd 1779 
Parole C Sign 

Field Officer of the day to Morrow Adj* Winn 

The several Companies in Col Mitchells Reg 1 will take 
the same place in the Battalion that the Reg* from which 
they were detach'd would have taken were the several Reg ta 
of the Brigade drawn up together, the Rank of the Compa- 
nies has nothing to do with the Rank of the Officers com- 
manding it, since it is the practice of the Militia to post their 
own particular Companies, should two Companies be order'd 
on Command and it should happen that the Cap* of the 
youngest Comp y should have the Oldest Commission he 
would notwithstanding take the Command of the whole, the 
Place of their Companies when paraded would not be alter'd 
Col Tyler is directed to take up one Transport in addition to 
those already engaged together with Six Thousand Planks 
& Boards for the Use of the present Expedition. Col Davis 
is directed to order a Transport to Cambden in order to 
receive the Troops at that Post under the Command of L l 
Col. Howard who is to embark his Troops with all possible 
Dispatch. All Field Officers to meet at Head Quarters this 
afternoon at 7 OClock The Troops that are paraded this 
Afternoon will be divided into Subdivision properly Officer'd 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 393 

In Council July 23 d 1779 
Ordered That the Hon ble Artemas Ward & Samuel Adams 
Esq rs be a Committee to draft a Letter to Brig Gen 1 Lovell 
inclosing Copy of the Deposition of Capt Potberry Prisoner, 
relative to the Sailing of a British Fleet from England like 
Ordered that a Copy of said Deposition to be sent the Navy 
Board E D 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber July 23 1779 
Sir 

Inclosed you have the Copy of a Deposition taken yester- 
day before a Committee of the Council. The deponents 
Character is not Known to the Board 

It is the Expression of the Council that you express Intel- 
ligence of the Nature & Importance to the best Purpose and 
that you will push your Operations with all possible Vigor 
and dispatch and accomplish the business of the Expedition 
before any reinforcement can get to the Enemy at Penobscot. 
It is also reported here and belived by many that, a Forty 
Gun ship and the Delaware Frigate sai d from Sandy Hook 
on the Sixteenth Current and Stood to the Eastward; their 
destination was not known. You will dispatch the packet as 
soon as may be, the Council being very desirous to know 
the Situation of the Army under your Command 

In the Name and by order of the Board I am your Humble 

Servant 

Brigadeer General Lovell 

President 

Head Quarters July 23 rd 1779 
Parole C Sign 

Field Officer of the Day to morrow Adjutant 
'I'lit; Commis' Gen 1 of Issues is directed to deliver one 
Weeks Allowance of Provision lor Eighteen Indians & four 



394 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Gall of Rum. Upon the Arrival of the Fleet at Penobscot 
the Order for Disembarkation will be in the following man- 
ner, the 1st Division Viz, Col M c Cobbs Reg* will disembark 
first, the 2 IKl Division Viz Col Mitchells Reg 1 next & Major 
Littlefield"s last who are to act as a light Corps. 



Head Quarters ( on board the Transport Sally ) July 24 th 
79 

Parole C Sign 

Field Officer of the day to morrow Adjutant — ditto. 

Col Davis on the Arrival of the Transports at the place 
of Rendezvous will immediately throw out the flat botom'd 
Boats and man them in order that the Troops may be landed 
with Dispatch whenever such Orders shall be given 

Major Littlefields Detatchment will land First to serve as 
an advance party & to cover the Flanks of the first Line and 
are to be commanded by Col Tyler, Col Mitchells Reg 1 will 
land next and form immediatly in the same Order in which 
they were review'd taking care that the Comp y & Boats are 
properly arranged previous to landing that the Troops may 
be less liable to Confusion in forming in Case of Opposition. 
The first Line will be supported by one Field Piece landing 
next after them, if the Ground permit, and Col M c Cobbs 
Reg 1 landing in the same manner as above mentioned with 
one Field Piece will form the second Line, he will detatch a 
small party from each flank for a Cover. The first Line and 
light Corps to be commanded by Brig Gen 1 Wadsvvorth. 
The 2 nd Line by Col M c Cobb. The rest of the Train will 
be in readiness for landing more Artillery, or acting as they 
shall receive Orders, as soon as the Troops are landed the 
Boats will retire to the Transports, so as to be out of danger 
from the shore in order to supply the Troops with Water 
and Ammunition in case of an Action. Col Davis will 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 395 

give particular Attention to conducting the Boats and Trans- 
ports, in the mean Time the Officers will be careful that 
every man is compleatly equipt in Arms and Ammunition 
and that they have drink in their Canteens and a Morcel for 
their Pockets. The Artillery ordered to the first and second 
Line of the Army will advance as near the Centre of each 
Line and as close in the rear as the nature of Things will 
admit. " L* Col. Revere will order a suitable Number of 
Officers and men to the Pieces order'd on Shore and see 
them well supply'd with Ammunition, he will apply to Col° 
Davis for a flat botonvd Boat, for Landing the Artillery and 
Stores, and have them ready at the shortest notice."' Major 
Lithgow is appointed to act as a volunteer Aid de Camp to 
Gen 1 Lovell and is to be respected and obey'd accordingly. 
The Adj 1 of each Reg 1 Detachment or Corps is orderd to 
attend at H d Quarters at 8 OClock in the morning and Six in 
the Evening for Orders. The Gen 1 flatters himself that 
should there be an Opportunity he will have the utmost 
exertions of every Officer and Soldier not only to maintain, 
but to add new Lustre to the Fame of the Massachusetts 
Militia. 

Letter to the Hon ble Jeremiah Powel. 

Camp at Clam Cove July 24 th 1779 
May it please your Honors 

I arived here Wednesday last with an Express to the Gen- 
eral from Col Allan, but not finding him here Sent an 
Express back to take the Command of the Indians which is 
20 Smart men & wait the Generals arival who is hourly 
Expected for further Orders 

I left Passamaquady about 1<» days ago where I have been 
upon Command with the Indians five Weeks there' is now 
there about 60 warriors the greater part lirce for War A: wait 



396 DOCUMENTARY - HISTORY 

only for Orders to march & assist their Brothers the Amer- 
icans The Enemy coudent incurd their displeasure more 
than comming on their River or near it to fourtify they have 
declared to me they would Spil Every drop of their Blood in 
defence of their Land & Liberty they seem to be more & 
more Sensible of the diabollical intentions of the Enemy & the 
Justness of our Cause. 

I must Recommend the Indians to your Honours Favour 
from my Experience with them & at the same time assure 
you nothing Shall be wanting on my part in cultivating that 
Good understanding that has so happily subsisted between 
us Since my acquaintance with them 

This moment the Fleet appears in Sight which gives uni- 
val Joy to White & Black Soldiers Every one is Antious & 
desirious for action & I can acquaint your Honours that on 
my passage here in a burch Canoe the people at Naskeeg & 
up a long Shore declared they were Ready to assist us in 
taking up arms to fight for us altho they had taken the Oath 
of Fidelity to the British party. 

Wishing Success to our armes I am may it please your 
Honours your honours most Obbident Humble Ser 1 

John Preble 



Navy Board July 24 th 1779 
Gentlemen 

Please to Permit Jabez Smith and Robert Ruff, to take 
Passage in the Vessil going down to Penobscot, their are 
Two Men belonging to the Brig* Diligent Lieu* Phillip 
Brown Commander, who were left on shore, the morning she 
sailed. They are desireous to join the Ship, 
we are sir your most Humble serv t8 

W m Vernon for the Board 
Honable Board of War 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 397 

Salem July 24, 1779 
Sir, 

Cap 1 Knights arrived hear Last Night from Townsend, and 
Left it the day before, and Says our Fleet was ready to Saile, 
and was to Saile yesterday morning with out Faile, you will 
See by the Inclosed Copy from Cap 1 West of Ship Black 
Prince, all these per this Am 1 hope they will soon 

give a good Account of the enemy 

I am Sir Y r Most Hum ble Serv 1 George Williams 
To Sam 1 P. Savage Esq r 

Townsend Harbour 21 July 1779 
Sir, 

We this Afternoon arrived Safe into Townsend Harbour, 
in Company with Ten Sail of Armed Ships besides Brigs & c 
and we Saw at Anchor in the Harbour Ten Sloops Transports 
with provisions men & c and expect we shall Sail for Penob- 
scott by next day after tomorrow, where the enemy have 700 
men who have hove up a battery on Bragaduce-point. Their 
naval force consists of Four Ships of War & one Schooner 
besides Transports. They have sent to N. York & Halifax 
for a Reinforcement of Ships & landforces ; this is the Sum 
of the Intelligence we gett here 

To Owners of Ship Black Prince (A True Copy ) 



Head Quarters (Transport Sally) July 25 th 79 

Parole C Sign 

Field Officer of the day to morrow Adjutant . 

The Commissary Gen 1 of Issues is directed to draw off one 
Barrell of Hum & send it on shore at the Landing of the 
second Division with one Assistant to deliver it out as he 
shall receive Orders. 



398 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

At a Council of War on Board the Warren before Mache- 
biggaduce July 26 th 1779. 

Present, The Commodore and Captains of the Vessells of 
War. The General and Field Officers of the Land Forces. 

Concluded, That the Marines under the Command of Cap 1 
Welsh should land & take Possession of the Island in the 
entrance of the River; who are to be Covered by Artn'd 
Vessells : One of which upon the Lodgment of the Marines 
will Hoist English Colours at Main Top Gallant Mast Head 
— and in case they want assistance a white Flagg at Ditto — 
& the attention of the Enemy be diverted at the same Time 
by a Feint of the Shipping to enter the Harbour — And the 
first Division of the Land Forces feigning to Land with the 
Marines; but as Soon as the Marines shall appear to be 
Lodged on s d Island, they are to fall up the River, and Land 
the opposite side of the Peninsula. Further Operations are 
to depend on the Success of the abovementioned Plan. 

The Council then Broke up 

Witness Gib : Saltonstall Sect y 
A true Copy of the Original, Examined 

p r Gib : Saltonstall 



Head Quarters (Transport Sally) July 26 th 1779 

Parole C Sign 

Field Officer of the day to morrow Adjutant ditto. 
The Commissary Gen 1 of Issues is directed to deliver pro- 
vision & Rum to Cap 1 Preble for the Indians as he may see 
fit to draw also to Col Davis Ag l Transports for the Boat- 
men. Col Revere is directed to furnish a sufficient Number 
of men with proper Officers to manage a four pound field 
Piece, the Officer will call upon the Commissary of Ordin- 
ance for the same with Ammunition 
The Commissary of Ordinance is directed to deliver to the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 399 

Q r M r of each Reg 1 such a number of Wormings to draw 
Balls as will supply each comp y with two. The Command- 
ing Officers of Comp y to be accountable for the same 



Head Quarters, Transport Sally July 27 th 1779 

Parole C Sign 

Field Officer of the day to morrow Adjutant ditto 
The Gen 1 with particular Satisfaction returns his Thanks to 
Cap 1 Hacker, Johnson & Edmonds for the spirited assistance 
they afforded the marines in covering their landing and the 
Officers & marines who so nobly and with such Alacrety 
made good their landing yesterday, on the Island and more 
particular for their forcible charge on the Enemy which 
occasioned their precipitate retreat and the Acquirement of 
two Pieces of Cannon likewise to Brig Gen 1 Wadsworth & 
the Officers and men under his Command for the seasonable 
Support he gave them 

All Officers and Soldiers in the Army are strictly enjoin'd not 
to give or sell any rum to the Indians, except those who have 
the immediate command of them, under pain of the greatest 
displeasure, the different Corps are immediately to hold 
themselves in readiness at a moments warning, & draw two 
days provision & have it ready cook'd with all possible dis- 
patch The Officers are desired to pay particular Attention 
that the men do not waste their Ammunition & that they 
keep their Arms in good Order, the Volunteers will immedi- 
ately embody and make a Return to head Quarters without 
loss of Time 

The Gen 1 sincerely laments tin; loss of so worthy an 
Officer as Major Littlefield and the two brave men who 
suffered with him 



400 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Tuesday A M July 27 1779 
To the Honor bl the Commodore & Commander in Chief of 
the Fleet now laying in this Harbour. 

A Petition of the Lieutenants and Masters of the Several 
armed Vessells now under your Honours command Humbly 
Sheweth 

That we your Petitioners strongly Impress'd with the 
importance of the Expedition, and earnestly desire to render 
our Country all the Service in our power — Wou'd Repre- 
sent to your Honour, that the most spedy Exertions shou'd 
be used to Accomplish the design we came upon. We 
think Delays in the present Case are extremely dangerous : 
as our Enemies are daily Fortifying and Strengthning them- 
selves, & are stimulated so to do being in daily Expectation 
of a Reinforcement — We dont mean to Advise, or Censure 
Your past Conduct, But intend only to express our desire of 
improving the present Opportunity to go Immediately into 
the Harbour, & Attack the Enemys Ships — however we 
humbly submit our Sentiments to the better Judgment of 
those in superior Command. Therefore wait your Orders, 
Whether in Answer to our Petition or otherways. And as 
in duty bound will ever pray 

Porter 1 Lieut 

David Putman Ship Putnam George Little 1 Lieu 1 Hazard 

James Doane Cowly 2 d d° Peter Pollard 2 d d° Active 

William Thomas 3 d James Morris Hazard 

Sam 1 Trust Master Tho 8 Palphrey Hector 

Roger Haddock Active John Sellers D° 

George Pilsbery 1)° John Peared D° 

Cleves Bean D° John Revell Ship Hunter 

Roger Keang Sally Anthony Devens D° 

Rob* Atkinson D° James Bryrne Sky Rockett 

Benjamin Hill Monmouth George Chapman D° 

Nehemiah Storey D° John Wyley D° 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 401 

Tho 8 Cloustou D° Edmund Roberts Hamden 

Sam 1 Carlton Black Prince 
Will™ Brewer D° 



Josiah Stackpole 


D° 


Robert Curtis 


D° 


Eben r T Thayer 


Tyranicide 


James Nivins 


D° 


Benjamin Slater 


D° 



At a Council of War held on board the Warren 27 th July 
1779. Off Baggaduce Harbour 

Present — The Commodore, and Captains of Armed Ves- 
sells in the Fleet — Genr 1 Lovell, Wadsworth — Col Revere, 
Col° Howard, Col M c Cobb, & Col Mitchel — Also Cap' 
Welsh of the Marines. 

After discussing Matters generally — Genr 1 Lovell Put 
the Question — Whether the Gentlemen Present shall Sev- 
erally give their Voices respecting the Mode and Time of 
Attack? Answ d severally in the Affirmative. Question by 
Col Revere to General Lovell — What Force can You lead 
into the Field? — Answer, Eight Hundred and Fifty Men 
Officers included. 

Question by Genr 1 Lovell to Col Revere — What Force 
can you Muster exclusive of Officers? Answer Eighty Men. 

The Commodore engages, that the several Ships will fur- 
nish Two Hundred twenty seven Marines, Officers included ; 
and Cap 1 Hacker, with the Defence & Pallas will Defend the 
Island taken Yesterday by the Marines. Question by Genr 1 
Lovell — Gentlemen do you think the Force above Recited 
sufficient to Attack the Enemy; whose Force is Seven Hun- 
dred at the most? Answer'd severally in the Affirmative. 

Question by Genr 1 Lovell — What Place, or Places shall 
the Landing be made at? The Captains of the Navy think 

21 



402 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Question out of their Province ; and therefore leave the 
Matter to the Officers of the Army, and Cap 1 Welsh. 

Who Concluded to Land under Cover of the Ships at the 
Bluff of the Peninsula in Force, there Form, & Advance. 

The Time of Landing to be at 12. °Clock this Night 

The Council then broke up 

Witness Gib: Saltonstall, Sec y 



State of Mass a Bay 

Council Chamber July 27 th 1779 

Ordered that the Board of War be & they are hereby 

directed to furnish the two Indians of the Penobscott Tribe, 

now in the Town of Boston with Two Hats one of them 

laced two Blankets & two Shirts 

Attest John Avery Dy Sec y 

Head Quarters ( Heights on Majabigwaduce ) July 28 th 79. 

Parole Brave C Sign Welch 

Field Officer of the day to morrow Adjutant ditto 
The Gen 1 heartily thanks the brave Officers and Soldiers for 
their Exertion this day in attacking and repelling the Ene- 
mies of their Country & doubts not they will continue their 
Endeavors to add new Laurels to the Standard of american 
Liberty, the Q r Mrs are directed to draw a gill of Rum for 
each man immediately and the Col of each Corps are 
directed to permit every sixth man to cook and no more to 
leave the Lines, The Gen 1 positively commands that no man be 
permitted to leave the Lines without a written permission from 
him Three Picquett Guards to be posted in the front of the 
Incampment to patrole each way back and forward, each 
guard to consist ofC 1 .. S2-S 4-C 4 -Men 50 
A general Return to be made to Head Quarters by to morrow 
morning 11 OClock. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 403 

Letter S. Lovell Br. G- 1 to Hon. J. Powell 

Majorbaggaduce July 28 th 1779 

Sir The Army under my Command having arrived in 
Penobscot river on the 25 th Instant I the same Evening 
attempted to make a Lodgment on Majabagaduee but the 
Wind springing up very strong I was obliged to desist least 
the first Division might suffer before they could be supported 
by the Second — 

On the 26 th I took possession with the Marines, supported 
by Gen 1 Wadsworth Division of One Island in the Harbour, 
beat them off, took 4 Peices of Artillery and some Ammuni- 
tion, the worthy Major Littlefield with two Men were 
drowned by the sinking a Boat by a chance Shot from the 
Enemy — 

The 27 th we erected a Battery on the Island planted two 
18 pounders 1-12 Pounder & one Howit. 

This morning I have made my landing good on the S. W. 
head of the Peninsula which is one hund d feet high and 
almost perpendicular very thickly covered with Brush & 
trees, the men ascended the Precipice with alacrity and after 
a very smart conflict we put them to the rout, they left in 
the Woods a number killed & wounded & we took a few 
Prisoners our loss is about thirty kill'd & wounded, we are 
within 100 Rod of the Enemy's main fort on a Commanding 
peice of Ground, & hope soon to have the Satisfaction of 
informing you of the Capturing the whole Army, you will 
please to excuse my not being more particular, as you may 
Judge my situation. — 

Am Sir your most Obed 1 Humble Serv* 

S. Lovell B r G 1 

In Council July 28 th 1770 
Ordered That the Board of War be & they hereby are 



404 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

directed to furnish Capt Joseph Noyes with two Thousand 
& fifty two pounds of Flour & three Thousand & Sixteen 
Pounds of Beef being in lieu of the like Quantity of Flour 
& Beef delivered at Falmouth for the Troops raised for the 
Penobscot Expedition as appears by Certificates of the 
Quarter Master of Colonel Mitchell's Regiment. 

Ordered That the Board of War be & they hereby are 
directed to supply John Marsh with three Guns & Bayonets 
for the use of himself & two Indians of the Penobscot Tribe 
together with One Pound of Powder each and Ball & Shott 
in proportion. 

Ordered That Richard Devons Esq r Commissary General 
be & hereby is directed to furnish John Marsh with twelve 
days Provision each for the use of himself & two Indians of 
the Penobscot Tribe for the purpose of carrying them to 
Penobscot. 



By Solomon Lovell Esquire Brig 1 General and commander 
in chief of the forces of the State of Massa t8 Bay &c employed 
on an Expedition against the army of the King of Great 
Britain at Penobscot 

Whereas it has been represented to Government that an 
Armament of Land and Sea forces belonging to the King of 
Great Britain, under the encouragement of divers of the 
Inhabitants of these parts inimically disposed to the United 
States of America have made a decant on Penobscott and 
the parts adjacent, & after propagating various false reports 
of a genenal insurrection of the Eastern & Northern Indians 
in their favour a Proclamation has been issued on the 15 th 
of June last signed Francis M c Lean & Andrew Barclay, said 
to be in behalf and by authority of said King, promising 
grants of Land w ch he never owned, and which he has now 
forfeited the Jurisdiction by an avowed breach of that com- 



OF THE STATE OF MADTE 405 

pact between him & his Subjects whereon said jurisdiction 
was founded, and terrifying by threatenings which his power 
in this Land is unable to execute, unless his servants have 
recourse to their wonted methods of midnight Slaughter & 
savage devastation, all design'd to induce the free Inhabi- 
tants of these parts of the State to Submit to their power, 
and take an Oath of Allegiance to their King whereby they 
must grossly profane the Name of God, and solemnly entan- 
gle themselves in an Obligation to give up their Cattle Pro- 
visions & Labour, to the will of every Officer pretending the 
Authority of said King, and finally to take Arms against 
their Brethren, whenever call'd upon ; and it appears that 
some persons have been induced out of fear & by the force 
of compulsion to take said profane oath, who now may be so 
far imposed on as to think themselves bound to conduct in 
conformity thereto. 

I have therefore thought proper to issue this Proclamation, 
hereby declaring that the allegiance due to the Ancient 
Constitution obliges to resist to the last extremity the pres- 
ent system of tyranny in the British Government which has 
now over set it :— that by this mode of government the Peo- 
ple have been reduced to a State of Nature, & it is utterly 
unlawful to require any obedience to their forfeited authority, 
& all acts recognizing such authority are sinful in their 
nature, no oaths promising it can be Lawful, since if any act 
be sin in itself no oath can make it a Duty, the very taking 
of Buch an Oath is a crime of which every act adhering to it 
is a repetition with aggravation. 

In all Cases where oaths are imposed & persons compell'd 
to Submit to tliem by threats of immediate destruction which 
they cannot otherwise avoid, it is manifest that however 
obligatory they may be on the Conscience of the compellor, 
whose intent and meaning is thereby so solemnly witness'd, 
it can have no force on the Compelled whose intent was 



406 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

known by the compulsion itself to be the very reverse of the 
words in which it is express'd. 

At the same time I do hereby assure the Inhabitants of 
Penobscot and the Country adjacent, that if they are found to 
be so lost to all the virtues of good Citizens as to comply 
with the advice of said pretended proclamation, by becoming 
the first to desert the cause of Freedom of Virtue & of God, 
which the whole force of Britain & all its Auxiliaries now 
find themselves unable to overthrow they must expect to be 
the first also to experience the just resentment of this injured 
& betrayed Country, in the condign punishment which their 
treason deserves, from this punishment their invaders will be 
very unlike to protect them, now that they are known to be 
in any other part of America unable to protect themselves, 
and as this protection which these proclaiming Gentlemen 
say they have power only to promise can be afforded by noth- 
ing but the forces which they command and of these forces 
by the blessing of God I doubt not in a very short time to 
be put in possesion, so there is not more ocason to expect it 
from the Indian Nations around as good part of them are 
now in my Camp and several hundreds more are on their 
way speedily to join me, and I have the best Evidences from 
all the rest that they have stedfastly refused to accept of the 
Presents, sign the papers, or do the barbarous work assign'd 
them by our Enemies and on the contrary hold themselves in 
readiness on the shortest Notice to turn out for the defence 
of any place which these Men may attack 

Therefore as the authority committed to me necessitates 
my exerting my best endeavours to aid this much abused 
Country, not only from its foreign but also from its domestic 
Enemies, I do declare that when by the Blessing of Heaven 
on the American Arms, we shall have brought the force that 
has invaded us to the State which they deserve, it shall be 
my care that the laws of the state be duly executed, upon 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 407 

such inhabitants thereof as have traitorously abetted or 
encouraged them in their lawless attempt, and that proper 
discrimination may be made between them & the faithful and 
leige Subjects of the United States. I further declare that 
all persons within the Eastern Country that have taken the 
oath prescribed by the Enemy, and shall not in forty eight 
hours after receiving Notice of this Proclamation, repair to 
my Camp at Majabigwaduce with Such Arms & Accoutre- 
ments as they now possess, shall be consider'd as traytors, 
who have voluntarily combined with the common enemy for 
the common ruin, but all such as shall appear at Head Quar- 
ters within said term & give proper testimony of their deter- 
mination to continue cordially in allegiance to this and the 
United States of America, shall be recognized as good and 
faithful members of the community and treated accordingly 
anything obnoxious in their taking said Oath Notwithstanding. 
Given at Head Quarters on the heights of Majabigwaduce 
this 29 th Day of July A D 1779 in the 4 th year of Ameri- 
can Independence 

By Command of the Gen 1 S Lovell B. G 1 

John Marston Sec y 



Extracts from a Confidential letter from New York Dated 
July the 29 th , 1779.— 

"The Romulus, Daphne, & Delaware, did set sail as I 
advised you, owing I believe to the unexpected account of 
your taking the Garrison at Stony point — The Le Blond 
Frigate arrived on Monday last from Penobscot with dis- 
patches in consequence of which ( it is said ) Sir George 
Collier with the Raisonable sails to morrow — I cannot learn 
whither any other Ship goes with him — A number of Trans- 
ports are Ordered to be ready to take on board Troops said 
to be the 54 t1 ' Reg 1 Queens Rangers and Lord Rawdons Corps 



408 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and to be commanded by Lord Cornwallis — it is said by 
some of the Officers that they are intended for Carolina — 
This is also the general opinion — I believe they are bound 
to the Southward as I heard a Pilot belonging to Cape Fare, 
N Carolina say, that he expected to go with them." 



Head Quarters July 29 th 1779 
Parole C Sign 

Field Officer of the day to morrow L* Col Jordon Adjutant 
ditto. 

The Commanding Officers of Detachments will immediately 
order a sufficient number of Camp Cullier men to dig Vaults 
a proper distance from the Encampment, under the direction 
of the Q r M r Serj 1 also see that the Rolls be call'd morning 
and Evening, the whole Brigade to parade precisely at 2 OC 
every morning 'till further Orders. 

The Oath imposed by General M c Lean on the Inhabitants of 
the Eastern part of the State of Massa ts Bay 

Calling the most great and sacred God to the truth of my 
Intentions, I do most solemnly promise & swear that I will 
bear true Allegiance and be a faithful subject to his most 
sacred Majesty George the Third King of Great Britain 
France and Ireland, and of the Colonies of N. America, Now 
falsely stiling themselves the United States of America, that 
as a good faithful subject I will at all times demean myself 
to the best of my Knowledge that as such I will not give my 
Countenance or Assistance either by Intelligence, provision 
or Arms, or in any manner whatever, either by word or Deed 
to the Rebellion now carrying on in his Majesty's Colonies. 
That I will give the most early Intelligence in my power to 
Kings Officers of any movement which a good and faithful 



OP THE STATE OP MAINE 409 

Subject ought not to conceal ; That I will never consent to 
the acknowledgment of the present illegal Authority set up 
by Persons stiling themselves the Congress of United States 
of North America, or of any Authority already set up or 
which may be attempted to be set up, other than that of his 
most sacred Majesty King George the Third aforesaid. All 
this I SWEAR in the presence of Almighty God from whose 
Justice the purjurer must expect the most severe Vengeance 
and from whom I expect to find help & Favour only as I 
keep this Oath 

The above oath was imposed on the Enemy's first arrival 
at Penobscot, the second is not yet procured 



At a Council of War on board the Warren July 29 th 1779. 
Present. The Commodore & Captains of the several Armed 

Vessells in the Harbour. 

The Business was Open'd by the Commodore by Asking 
the Gentlemens Opinion upon the propriety of going into the 
Harbour with the Ships in the present Position of the 
Enemy — Viz 1 The Ships of the Enemy in a Line athought 
the Harbour — Their Citadel upon the Eminence — And 
their Fort about half way the Declivity — Determin'd in 
the Negative. 

The Question then was put how far the Ships should haul 
in — Determined to haul in, in two Lines Abreast extend^ 
from the Bluff of Baggaduce to the Island now in our Pos- 
session, Nem : Con : 

Question — Whether its expedient to take Possession of 
the Breast Work, that the Enemy were drove from Yester- 
day Erect a Fort there, or thereabouts; and Play upon 
their lower Foil — Determind in the Affirmative Unani- 
mously. Question — Shall a Captain or Lieutenant from the 



410 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Fleet superintend the Works — Determine! that two Cap- 
tains shall take charge ; and relieve each other alternately. 

Cap 1 Salter was then Propos'd as the first — Determind 
in the Affirmative Unanimously. 

Cap* Thomas was then Propos'd as the Second — Deter- 
mind in the Affirmative Unanimously. 

Question — How many Men shall be sent from each Ship 
to Aid in erecting the Works — Determind, that Eight 
Men with an Officer shall be sent. 

The Council then broke up 

Witness Gib : Saltonstall Sect y 
A true Copy of the Original, Examined p r Gib : Saltonstall 



Fleet for Penobscot. July 1779. 
To the Hon 1 the Councill 

The Board of War would report to your Honors that the 
three armed Vessells belonging to this State are now ready 
for sea. 

two of the arm d Vessells from Newburyport are now in this 
Harbour and we suppose it likely that the others are now 
coming in. apprizers are appointed to value these Vessels, 
and the contracts will be ready as soon as they can be drawn, 
every thing requested by the owners of the Salem Ships for 
their equipment was shipt on board a Coaster who saild 
yesterday morning and we have the strongest assurances 
from Capt Williams a principle Owner of these Vessells that 
they will be ready ( upon receiving seasonable notice ) to 
meet the fleet in the Bay 

Head Quarters Majabigwaduce July 30 th 1779 
Parole C Sign 

Field Officer of the day to morrow Adjutant ditto. 
The General is much alarm'd at the loose and disorderly 



OE THE STATE OP MAINE 411 

inattentive Behaviour of the Camp since the Arrival of the 
Troops at this place and is sorry to think that their Honor so 
lately acquired is already endanger'd by scattering abroad 
from the Lines to prevent the impending Danger, he posi- 
tively orders that no non-commission'd Officer or Soldier 
presume to be more than twenty Rods absent from his Lines 
on any Pretence whatever without particular Permission 
from the Commanding Officer of the Detachments to which 
he belongs. Adjutants are to be very careful that the Gen- 
eral Orders be communicated to their men — and as there 
has been several Complaints to the General that his Orders 
are not known, he hopes this hint will prevent a repetition 
of this kind in future all non commission'd Officers and Sol- 
diers are strictly forbid to fire their Guns in such a loose 
unsoldierlike manner as has been practised of late, for the 
future no one will attempt it except under the proper Direc- 
tion of his Officers — As the Success of Arms under God 
depends principally on good Subordination the General 
expects that every Officer and Soldier who has the least 
Spark of honor left will endeavor to have his Orders put in 
Execution " and that Col° Revere and the Corps under his 
Command incamp with the Army in future on Shore, in order 
not only to strengthen the Lines but to manage the Cannon 
in our several Opperations The Q r Mrs of every detachment 
will in future draw allowance for their Detachments every 
third day precisely at 8 OClock in the morning in order thai 
the Troops may be more regularly serv'd with their pro- 
vision, all Guards and fatigue parties will in future parade 
for duty at Seven OClock A. M. Officers and Soldiers are 
directed to be very attentive to keeping their Arms and 
Ammunition in the best Order as the Safety of the Camp 
depends much upon it. The Commanding Officers of Picquits 
will give such Orders to his Centeries as to prevent all non 
commission'd Officers and Soldiers from going below them. 



412 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Cap 1 Samuel Sayer is appointed to do the Duty of Major in 
the Room of Major Littlefield deceas'd & L* Grover of Cap 1 
Cutts Comp y is to do duty in Major Sayer's Comp y till fur- 
ther Orders. 

War Office 30 th July 1779 
To Mess" Shubel Hews & Joseph Lovering 

You are hereby requested to appraise the Soap that was 
taken of the Prize Snow Clinton for public use, and make 
return to this Board as soon as may be. 

By order of y e Board John Browne Presid* p temp 
Boston July 31 th 1779 by Virtue of the within Order We 
have Aprised the Soap Recid from y e Snow Clinton at 12/ pd 
Shubael Hewes Joseph Lovering 

Head Quarters Majabigwaduce July 31 st 1779. 

Parole Washington C Sign Hancock. 

Field Officer of the day to-morrow Major Larabee 
The Commissary Gen 1 of Issues is directed to Issue one Gill 
of Rum pr Man p r Day 'till further Orders. All Volunteers 
are requested to form themselves into one Corps and make 
a Return of their Officers Names and also the Strength of 
their Corps. Cap 1 Cobb of Col Mitchells Reg* is appointed 
an Assistant Engineer and is to be respected and obey'd as 
such. 

Magibigwaduce July 31, 1779 

Ordnance Stores wanted at Penobscot for the Musquetry. 
50,000 Cartridges of 20, 22, 24 to the Pound % of which 
should be 22 lD 200 Stand Arms Compleat— 400 Cartridge 
Boxes 

The Quantity of Cartridges already deliver'd exceed one half 
of which the greater part appear to be expended — and 
should a Storm take place it would occasion a great waste as 
the want of Cartridge Boxes is very great — and distructfull 
to the Ammunition 

Gilbert W r Speakman Comm y Ordnance 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 413 

A General Return of General Lovells Detachment of 
Militia 

OFFICERS PRESENT 

Late Major Littlefield Total 



Col° M'Cobb Col 


Mitchell I 


Commission'd 






Colonels 


1 


1 


L 1 Colonels 


1 


1 


Majors 


2 


2 


Captains 


7 


8 


1 st Lieutenants 


7 


8 


2" t ' Lieutenants 


7 


8 


Staff 






Adjutants 


1 


1 


Q r Masters 


1 


1 


Chaplains 




1 


Surgeons 


1 


1 


Surg" Mates 




1 


non-commission'd 






Serjeant Majors 


1 


1 


Q r M r Serj' 


1 


1 


Serjeants 


28 


32 


Drums & Fifes 


6 


14 


Effective Rank & File 






present fit for Duty 


358 


369 


Sick in Barrack 


10 


26 


Sick in Hospital 


7 




Siek absent 






On Command 


20 


41 


On Furlough 






Total 


395 


438 


Wanting to compleat 






Serjeants 






Drums & Fifes 






Hank & Pile 






Alterations since last Return 




Join'd 


59 


6 


dead 


6 




discharged 


3 




deserted 


9 


1 





2 




2 




4 


4 


19 


4 


19 


2 


17 


1 


3 


1 


3 




1 




2 




1 




2 


1 


3 


15 


75 


2 


22 


120 


847 


9 


45 




7 


21 


84 


150 


983 



1 66 

1 7 

3 

1 11 

1 L< Col 3 l* 1 and 7 2'" 1 Lieut. 1 Surg. 7 Serj* 1 Drum & Fife and 90 
Privates joind inclusive of the Alterations since last Return. 1 Major 
1 Cap' & 1 Serj' Major dead. 1 2'" 1 U sick absent. 

Jeremiah Hill Adj' General. 
Majabigwaduce July 81" 1 1779 



414 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Penobscott July 31 st 1779. 
Gentlemen — 

I embrace the earliest Opportunity to Inform the Hon ble 
Board of our Transactions since the Fleet left Boston, and 
our present Situation. 

We arrived safe at Townsend the third Day after leaving 
Nantaskett — and on the Sunday following Anchor'd before 
the Forts of the Enemy at Penobscott. The next Day being 
the 20 th — Landed a Small Detachment and took Possession 
of a small Battery which the Enemy possess'd on the Oppo- 
site side of the River, at the Entrance of the Harbour — and 
thereby Obliged them to remove their Shipping higher up 
the River — Wednesday 20 th the Land Forces in conjunc- 
tion with the Marines belonging to the Fleet, landed upon 
the Island on which the Enemy are strongly Fortified — and 
after an Obstinate Resistance gained an Eminence which 
commands the Forts of the Enemy ; — in which Action the 
Putnam had 1 Man Killed and 4 Wounded — general 
Lovell, has Open'd a small Battery, upon the Eminence 
which he possesses — We are in good Health and high 
Spirits; — It is intended within 24 Hours to cutt off the 
Communication between the Enemys Ships and their Works 
— and likewise to Storm their Forts — One of our Fleet 
the Diligence Cap n Brown, has taken a small Packett Boat * 
Can learn nothing Material as the Commanding Officer 
destroyed all the Papers — 

From your Obedient Serv 1 
To the Honorable Board of War — Daniel Waters 

* The Packet Boat was from Hallifax bound to Penob- 
scott — 

Head Quarters Majabigwaduce Aug 1 l 8t 1779. 
Parole C Sign 

Field Officer of the day to morrow Col Mitchell 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 415 

The General returns his sincere and cordial Thanks to the 
brave Officers and Soldiers both in the Land & Marine 
Department for their very spirited Behaviour in attacking 
and carrying the Enemy's Redoubt this morning at the same 
Time laments the Loss of those brave few who had the Mis- 
fortune to suffer in the Attempt M r Woodbury Storer is 
appointed a Clerk to the Adjutant General and is to be 
obey'd and respected as such. 

The Commanding Officers of Detachments are directed to 
make an immediate Return to H d Q r * of the killVl and 
wounded of last Night, also to examine strictly into the state 
of the Soldiers Arms and Ammunition, any Cartridges that 
are a little wet must be carefully dry'd. 



Letter S. Lovell, B r G l to Hon. J h Powell, Pres* of y e Council 

Camp on the Heights of Majabagaduee August 1 st 1779 
Sir My last to you was written in great haste on the 28 
Ult° immediate!}' upon my gaining this Ground ; the loss 
sustained in the Action of that morning could not then be 
ascertained, but by the returns since made it appears to be 
fifty killed and wounded, amongst whom the brave Cap 1 
Welsh of the Marines & Cap 1 Hinkley of the Lincoln Militia 
must be mentioned with particular regret we found fifteen of 
the Enemy dead on the Spot and three Wounded, but not- 
withstanding the seemingly insuperable difficulty of forcing 
np a Precipice of not less than 200 feet, some part of which 
was nearly perpendicular, such was the bravery of the troops 
that they push'd the Enemy off the Ground, with so great 
precipitation that we could not overtake more than eight of 
them who were made prisoners. 

1 immediately gave orders for throwing up some works on 
an advantageous piece of ground within point blank shot of 



416 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Enemy's grand fort and also for landing some Artillery 
& Ordnance Stores and drawing them up to this place, this 
last was found to be a Work of great difficulty but the Alac- 
rity of the Troops & the very essential assistance of the 
Marines surmounted every obstacle & soon brought up four 
six Pounders & one field piece ; This circumstance & espec- 
ially the annoyance they receiv'd from the Battery we had 
erected on the Island, obliged the Enemy to abandon a 
Redoubt on the south east point, where we found three Six 
Pounders double fortified, & at the same time to withdraw 
all their Ships & transports within a point of Land covered 
by a battery & out of the reach of our Guns ; next day hav- 
ing carefully reconnoitred the ground I made preparations 
for erecting a battery about Sixty Rods advanced from our 
lines ; this was opened a Fryday afternoon & plays upon the 
Citidel with two Eighteen pounders, one twelve pounder 
brass, and one howitzer from which we gave them pretty 
constant diversion with ball & Shells ; Mean time the Com- 
modore having drawn up his heaviest ships close to the Mouth 
of the River & formed a Line, the Enemy as if from an 
expectation of an immediate attack from him suddenly aban- 
doned all their Shipping and have sunk most of the trans- 
ports without the Vessels of War & all have retired to the 
main fort on the heights having previously conveyed their 
Cannon &c to the same place which is the only spot they now 
ocupy save the small redoubt already mentioned with which 
their ships are yet Covered. — Yesterday arrived here a 
Packet from Hallifax with dispatches for Gen 1 M c Lean she 
was taken by the Brigg Diligence but the papers had been 
Sunk previous to her being taken, & the accounts given by 
the Prisoners are so various that nothing can be depended 
on, some asserting that 3000 Troops from England had 
arrived of which 1500 were embarking for Penobscott, 
together with one large Ship & 3 Frigates, others declaring 



OF THE STATE OF MALNE 417 

that none were yet come in, though a large body was hourly 
expected and that no vessel of Force there save one Sloop 
of War, however all the accounts given by Prisoners and 
deserters of which last not more than four have come out, 
and of them only one was part of their Military. Yet all 
agree that the Enemy are in firm expectation of a large rein- 
forcement speedily arriving for their relief ; that in con- 
sequence thereof they continue day and night at work 
strengthning their fort and are determined to maintain it to 
the last extremity — and from all the circumstances that I 
am able to collect I must conclude that my choice must be 
between the two parts of this alternative, either to continue 
a regular Siege with volunteer ships that cannot lie here long 
inactive ; and a body of Militia whose domestic affairs cannot 
admit of their being long from home ; or risk the fate of a 
Sturm; upon the whole, I think it my duty in favour of the 
service, to request that as speedily as may be the Articles 
mentioned in the inclosed Schedule may be sent forward to 
Camp, and should any Ships of force have arrived their being- 
ordered to this place immediately might tend to secure the 
Fleet already here if any reinforcement be sent to the 
Enemy — The Militia of the neighbouring Settlements 
appeared to scruple the expediency of taking arms against 
the power to which they had generally sworn allegiance, in 
consequence of which I thought it necessary to issue a Proc- 
lamation (a Copy of which is inclosed) this answered the 
end, and the People are coining in with great chearfulness — 
but the Majority come without Arms or Ammunition. 

Since writing the above a detachment under P. Wads- 
worth this Morning about two OClock attacked & carried 
the abovementioned small Redoubt but it being commanded 
by the Cannon of their main Port, it was thought proper to 
abandon it after destroying a small quantity of Provisions 
there in this Attack we kill'd & Captur'd about 30 of the 
28 



418 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Enemy with the loss of not more than 4 Men missing and 
about 8 or 10 wounded among the latter is Major Sawyer of 
the York Militia, supposed Mortally — Our loss in him is 
much regretted as he was an Active good Officer. 

I cannot conclude without adding that I am very happy in 
assuring you that the greatest harmon} r prevails among the 
Troops they have built themselves huts & work on Fatigue 
day and Night with the greatest alacrity, nor is there less 
agreement between them & the Marine Department of whom 
I must in Justice declare that from the highest to the lowest 
no Men could discover more Spirit & Zeal for the Service ; 
nor any of Equal Numbers afford more ready chearful & 
effectual Assistance. 

I have the honor to be with the greatest Respect Sir your 

most Obed* & most humble Servant 

S. Lovell B r G 1 

P. S. I think the Enemy cannot be attacked by Storm 
with any probability of Success — their works being exceed- 
ingly strong and our Troops (tho brave) are yet undisplined. 

The following is a Schedule mentioned in the foregoing 
Letter 

Ordnance Stores wanted at Penobscot 
400 Rounds Cartridges filled for 6, 18 Pounders 
2220 Round Shot for Ditto 
180 Cannisters filled with 8 o z Grape Shot or part in the 

Grapes which came out of the Somerset. 
1 Iron 8 Inch Howitzer, 200 shells, part fill'd Fuses &c. 
15 Lb Meal'd Powder 
400 Cartridges fill'd for 12 Pounders 
400 Round Shot for D° 
50 Lb Slow Match 
10 Quires Cartridge paper. 
15 Bb s Powder. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 419 

Magabagaduce August 1 st 1779 
Brig r Gen. Lovell Paul Revere L* Col. A y 

Ordnance Stores wanted at Penobscot for the Musketry — 
50,000 Cartridges of 20, 22, 24 to the pound % of which 

should be 22 lb 
200 Stand Arms Compleat 
400 Cartridge Boxes 

The Quantity of Cartridges already deliver'd exceed one 
half of which the greater part appear to be expended — and 
should a Storm take place it would occasion a great Waste 
as the Want of Cartridge Boxes is very great and distrucfull 
to the ammunition. 

Gilbert W. Speakman 

Comm ry of Ordnance 

Magabagaduce, August 1, 1779 

Provision Stores for the Troops now under my Command 
wanting 100 bbs of Bread Rum 800 Gallons 

S. Lovell 

as the Men are obliged to Fatigue Night and Day they 
must have every Comfort we can possibly afford them. 



Letter S. Lovell B r Q- 1 to Hon. Jer. Powell 

Magabagaduse August l 8t 1779 
Sir When I had the Honor to write you of this day I 
endeavored to give you a detail of the various movements 
since my arrival at this place I have paid the greatest atten- 
tion to the situation of both the Army under my Command, 
and that of the Enemy, and conclude with the advice of the 
most experienced Ollicers employed on this Expedition. 
That with the Troops which now constitute my Army it is 
not practicable to gain a Conquest by a Storm and not prob- 
able without length of time to reduce them by a regular 



420 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Siege. — To Effect the First I must request a few regular dis- 
ciplined troops and Five Hundred hand Grenades If the 
latter at least four Mortars of Nine Inches or as near to that 
as your Ordnance will admit with an ample supply of Fire 
Shells. 

The hand grenades in either case ready fixed will be prob- 
ably serviceable — for every other particular I beg leave to 
refer you to the Rev d M r Murray who has distinguished him- 
self as the Citizen and the Soldier, who has undergone the 
fateagues of my Camp & finding it necessary to dispatch a 
Courier has Voluntarily offered his service. 

I have the Honor to be your Honors most 

Obed* and very Humble Serv 1 

S. Lovell B r G 1 

Newark Aug. l 8t 1779 
My Lord 

I have this day conversed with a man from Bergen, who 
came out of New York yesterday. He informs me there has 
been a hot Press in the City for Seamen. Sir George Collier 
with seven Men of War fell down on Friday to Staten Island 
on board of which were taken two Regiments to serve as 
Marines, the report in the City was they were going after a 
Fleet that had sailed from Boston, and they were to Sail this 
day he saw their Topsails loosed before he left home & sup- 
posed they were getting under sail this account in his own 
words. I have known the man ever since the War began, 
know him to be honest and believe the account may be relied 

on — 

I am — &c 
Major Gen 1 L d Stirling 

Extract of a Letter from Lord Stirling dated 2 d August 1779 

I had a Letter from Major Lee this Morning in which he 
says " Sir H. Clinton has decamp'd from Philip's, the army 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 421 

lays collected near the heights of Harlem, Gen 1 Tryon is 
return'd several Gen 1 Officers arriv'd with the Earl Corn- 
wall is, The Ships of War have all stood out at Sea, a report 
prevails in the city that a French Fleet is on the Coast. It 
gives great consternation " — from Monmouth I was informed 
Yesterday that a large fleet had been seen on the Coast. 



Head Quarters Majabigwaduce Aug 4 2 nd 1779 
Parole Care C Sign Lookout 

Field Officer of the day to morrow L l Col Howard. 
The Commanding Officers of Reg -t and Corps are directed to 
bring in to Head Quarters a general Return of the State of 
their several Reg 13 & Corps by to morrow morning 11 OClock 
and so successively every two days also the Names & Rank 
of all their Commission'd Officers — the Commanding Officers 
of Piquets are directed strictly to enjoin it upon their Guards 
not to let any Person pass by them towards the Enemy 
unless they have a Pass in writing from the Commander in 
Chief ( except Indians ) 

The Commanding Officers of Reg t8 & Corps are to keep a Q r 
Guard in their Reg 1 not only for the Preservation of the 
Corps but to give timely Notice in Case of an Alarm. Col 
Davis is directed to assist the Q r Masters in getting the Pro- 
vision on Shore on Allowance days and the Q r Masters are 
also directed to allow onely one Man to go with each of 
them on board the Transports on the aforesaid days. The 
Cap 18 or commanding Officer of Companies are directed to 
make an immediate Return of the Quantity and Size of 
Cartridges wanting to compleat each man to 30 Rounds to 
tli<; Commanding Officers of their respective Corps who will 
apply immediately to Head Quarters for the Same and see 
them properly distributed. 



422 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Head Quarters Majabigwaduce Aug 1 3 rd 1779. 

Parole C Sign 

Field Officer of the day to morrow L* Col Jordan 
All Officers and Soldiers who have any Regard for their 
Country's Service are once more call'd upon in the most 
positive manner to use their utmost endeavors to prevent the 
firing of small Arms which is in the face of General Orders 
and against every military rule or Order, every noncom- 
mission'd Officer or Soldier who is found firing a Gun except 
under the proper Direction of an Officer, shall be brought 
immediately to Head Quarters with the Evidence who shall 
be dealt with as Justice demands, every Officer who shall not 
endeavor to bring to justice such notorious Offenders shall 
be immediately arrested and brought to Trial for disobedience 
of Orders — every non commission'd Officer and Soldier 
whose Gun of necessity must be clear'd is directed to bring 
it on the Regimental Parade and there fired under the Direc- 
tion of an Officer by first drawing the Ball if Possible. All 
Officers of Companies are directed to assist in turning out 
their men for Parade, Guards & Fatigue as there appears 
great Delays in that Part of Duty. 



Boston 3 d August 1779 
Major Gen 1 Gates 

Sir The Board of War for the State of Massachusetts 
Bay do themselves the honor to congratulate you most 
sincerely on the favorable accounts from France, the particu- 
lars of which you will find in the extract from a letter from 
an eminent House in Nants to this Board which we have now 
the pleasure to enclose 

Reports say that our Forces at Penobscot have, after a 
most vigorous resistance, obliged the Enemy to surrender 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 423 

themselves both Naval & Land Force, Prisoners of War, and 

that this glorious event took place on Saturday last 

Could we keep this Letter open a few Hours longer we 

flatter ourselves it might be in our power to confirm this most 

interesting Intelligence 

We have the honor to be &c 

Sam 1 P. Savage Pres 1 

To the Council from the Board of War, Aug* 3 d 1 779 

To the Hon the Council of the State of Massachusetts Bay. 
The Board of War would represent to your Honors that by 
the great expence incurred by the Penobscot expedition they 
are so drain d of Money that they are under the greatest 
embarrasments in the execution of the Common business of 
the Office, and are now call d upon for the payment of 
£ 100000 due to persons for provision sent upon that expedi- 
tion. The present scarcity of bread in the publick magazines 
both state & continental is alarming and may be attended 
with fatal consequences should there be a necessity for call- 
ing a considerable body of Melatia into the neighbourhood 
of this place it is at present entirely out of power to make 
such payment to individuals as will preserve the honor of 
government or to establish such magazines as the publick 
interest seem to require We would therefore request your 
honors to take this representation into your Wise considera- 
tion ( and agreeable to powers vested in you by the Act of the 
General Court for dispersing the Enemy at Penobscot ) take 
some Method to furnish us with money or the publick busi- 
will be greatly injured if not totally stopt 

Letter Gren. Washington to the President $ Council. 

Head Quarters West Point August 3 d 1779 
Gentlemen Having received intelligence some time since 
thai the Romulus Daphne and Delaware were preparing to 



424 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

leave New York on a Cruise ( as was reported ) for Boston 
Bay in conversation with General Heath I mentioned to him 
my Intention to transmit the intelligence I had received to 
the Council, which I was induced to decline from his having 
assured me he had already done it — By the enclosed extract 
of a Letter from a confidential correspondent in New York, 
The Council will perceive those Vessells were prevented from 
sailing at the time they intended. But I have Just received 
a Letter from Lord Stirling stationed in the Jerseys dated 
yesterday ( an extract from which is also inclosed ) by which 
it appears the Ships of War at New York have all put to sea 
since. I thought it my duty to communicate this Intelli- 
gence that the Vessells employed in this expedition to Penob- 
scot may be put upon their Guard, as it is probable enough 
these Ships may be destined against them and if they should 
be surprised the consequences would be disagreeable. 

I have the honor to be with very great respect & esteem, 
Gentlemen Your Most Obed* Servant 

G° Washington 



Letter Gen. Washington to the Pre&id* $• Council. 

Head Quarters West Point August 4 th 1779 
Gentlemen I had the Honor to address you Yesterday — 
and to transmit you some Intelligence from New York. I 
have since receiv'd a letter to my Lord Stirling from an Offi- 
cer at Newark of which a copy is inclosed. 

I have the Honor to be with the greatest respect & Esteem 
Gentlemen, Your Most Obed 1 Serv* 

G° Washington 
P. S. I have acc ts through another Channel to the above 
effect. GW n 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



425 



A General Return of General Lovells Detachment of 
Militia 

OFFICERS PRESENT 

Col° M L Cobb Col Mitchell Late Major Littlefield Total 
Conimission'd 

Colonels 1 

L< Colonels 1 

Majors 2 

Captains 6 

1 st Lieutenants 7 



1 

1 
28 



2 nd Lieutenants 
Staff 

Adjutants 

Q r Masters 

Chaplains 

Surgeons 

Surg" Mates 
non-conimission'd 

Serjeant Majors 

Q r M r Serj' 

Serjeants 28 32 

Drums & Fifes 6 13 

Effective Rank & File 

present fit for Duty 325 328 

Sick in Barrack 33 34 

Sick in Hospital 5 4 

Sick absent 1 

On Command 25 67 

On Furlough 1 

Total 390 433 

Wanting to compleat 

Serjeants 

Drums & Fifes 

Rank & File 
Alterations since last Return 

Join'd 11 

dead 2 1 

discharged 1 

deserted 10 6 

Missing 1 2 3 6 

I Cap 1 promoted since dead. 1 Serj' promoted to Serj' Major, 2 
Privates promoted to Serj' 1 Cap' 1 L' 1 Serj' sick in Barrack. 1 Cap' 
IL'1 Serj' on Command. 1 Serj 1 1 Drum r deserted. 1 Cap' dead, 1 
d" discharged 1 d° wounded. 

Jeremiah Hill Adj< General. 
Majahigwaduce Aug" 4"' 1779 





2 




2 


1 


5 


2 


16 


4 


19 


2 


17 


1 


3 


1 


3 




2 




1 


1 


3 


1 


3 


15 


75 


1 


20 


09 


762 


18 


85 


4 


13 




1 


13 


105 




1 


44 


967 



426 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Head Quarters Majabigwaduce Aug* 4 th 1779. 
Parole C Sign 

Field Officer of the day to morrow Major Brown 
Cap* Newcomb is directed to form a Comp y of Rangers to 
consist of 1 Cap* 1 Serj* 2 Corp 1 and 10 Privates. 



Head Quarters Majabigwaduce Aug 1 5 th 79 
Parole C Sign 

Field Officer of the day to morrow Major Pattee. 
A general Court martial to set to morrow morning at 8 
OClock to try such Prisoners as may be brought before them, 
Col Mitchell president Col M c Cobbs Reg* to furnish 2 Cap 1 
& 3 Subs. Col Mitchells — 1 Cap 1 4 Subs. Cap 4 Cousins 
Corps — 2 Subs. 

The Commanding Officers of Reg* & Corps are directed to 
make an immediate Return to Head Quarters of the Arms, 
Accoutrements, and Ammunition, wanting to compleat each 
man for Action. 



In Council Aug 1 5, 1779 
Ordered That an Express be immediately taken up for 
Penobscott and that the Secretary draught an Order direct- 
ing the Board of War to ascertain the Reports prevailing this 
day respecting a Number of Ships at the Hook at New York 
said to be destined for Penobscot & to lay the same before 
this Board in Order to forward said Information by Express. 



State of Mass" 8 Bay 

Council Chamber Aug 5 th 1779 

Ordered — That the Board of War be and they hereby 

are directed to ascertain the Reports prevailing this Day 

respecting several Ships of Force at the Hook at N. York 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 427 

destined to Penobscot & immediately to lay the Facts before 

this Board. 

Attest John Avery, Dy See 7 



I have procedecl as far as I Can on the present plan, and 
find it inafectual for the purpose of disloging or destroying 
the Shiping I must therefore request an ansure from you 
wether you will venter your Shiping up the River in order to 
demolish them or not that I may conduct my Selfe accord- 
ing 1 ! 

Signed S Lovell B G 

Aug 1 5 1779 

a true Copy Attest John Marston Sec y 



Head Quarters Majabigwaduce Aug 1 6 th 79 
Parole, all hands, C Sign, Arise. 

Field Officer of the day to morrow — 
The Q r M r8 are directed to attend the Commissary on Allow- 
ance days in the following manner. Col M c Cobbs Q r M r to 
attend precisely at 8, O. C. Col Mitchell's at 10. O. C. 
Cap 1 Cousen's at 12. O. C. they are also directed to take only 
two men with them any Neglect or noncomplyance with this 
Order in future will be taken particular notice of. 



Letter S Lovell B r G L to Hon. Jer. Poivell 

Head Quarters Magabagaduce Aug 1 6 1779 
Sir In my last p r M r Murray I related the most material 
facts that happen'd previous to his departure, since which we 
have been very busy in throwing up works to annoy the 
Enemy, which has had the desir'd effect; they have aban- 
doned all their out works, and are in possession only of their 



428 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

main fort which they seem determin'd to hold, they fre- 
quently send out small parties and as frequently have been 
repulsed. I have given Orders Eastward for all the Militia 
that can be spared from that Quarter to Join me immediately, 
and shall send the same order to the Westward, and as I 
doubt not of Success provided the Enemy receives no rein- 
forcement, the probability of which you are as good a Judge 
of as I am — 

By a Letter from Col Allen of the 29 th July I am informed 
the Blonde Frigate had Sailed for this place with a large 
number of Cannon but am under no apprehensions of a Rein- 
forcement from that Quarter — Some of the Officers of the 
Navy seeing the many difficulties we labour under have 
expressed a desire to leave us, but I am of Opinion that this 
part of the country is of the greatest consequence not only 
to this State but to the United States for if we are ever under 
the disagreeable necessity of abandoning this post, we leave 
behind our Fishery, all our Lumber and the inhabitants to 
the insults of an almost Victorious Army therefore I give it 
as my Opinion that the post ought to be Maintained at every 
Expence — 

Inclosed you have the results of two Councils of War, one 
held in my Camp and the other on board the Warren. 

This is forwarded by Major Bradish who is employ'd as an 
Express by 

Sir Your most Humble Serv 1 

S Lovell B r G 1 



In Council Aug* 6 th 1 779 
Ordered That Samuel Adams Esq r draught a Letter to 
Brig Gen 1 Lovell to be forwarded by the Express ordered to 
be taken up Yesterday for Penobscot — as Also a Letter 
to Brig. Gen 1 Godfrey. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 429 

State 

August 6 th 1779 
To Brig r Gen 1 dishing 

Sir 

The Council have thought it necessary & proper to order 
Express to be forwarded immediately to Gen 1 Lovel, that 
they may be inform' d of the true Scituation & Circumstances 
of the Army under his Command. But if you have receivd 
such direct Intelligence from Penobscot as you have the 
clearest Reason to depend upon, you are requested to return 
the Express without Delay with Such Information & the 
Ground & Circumstances of it to to this Board 

President 

Sir, 

Your Answer of this Morn g to the Request I made You 
Yesterday has been duly considered. The Terms of your 
Complyance are such as cannot be undertaken by my present 
force I cannot but regret that You have put the Event on 
such an Issue ; Since I think the Enemy yet might probably 
be reduced without ever directly Storming their Citadel. 
We often effect that by degrees which cannot be done at once. 
Sign S Lovell B G 

a true Copy Attest Jn° Marston Sec y 

Aug 1 6 [1779] 



General Lovel August 6 th 1779 

Sir 

The Council not having received any Intelligence of the 
State of the Army under your Command since your Depart- 
ure from Boston, are apprehensive that it must have been 
uuluckily intercepted. They have therefore asked the Dis- 
patch of .in Express to you for the Purpose of being informd 



430 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

from you with the utmost precision of your Scituation & Cir- 
cumstances The Information to be forwarded to this Board 
without Delay. 

There is no News of the Movements of the Enemy that 
may be depended upon. You are fully Sensible of the 
Necesity of compleating the Design of this Expedition with 
all that Speed as well as prudence & Discretion which char- 
acterizes you as an officer vested with so important a 

Command. 

President 



At a Council of War holden on board the Warren ; Off 
Baggaduce Harbour August 6 th 1779. 

Present — The Commodore, and Captains of Armed Ves- 
sells in the Fleet. 

The Commodore introduc'd the Business by Reading Genr 1 
Lovells Letter of Yesterday — The Court then confering 
upon the situation of the Enemy, & our Position. The 
Commodore put the following Question. Whether the Ships 
shall go up the River, and Destroy the Enemy's Shipping, 
agreeable to the Genr 18 Request. 

Cap 1 Thomas Nay Cap* Hallet Nay Cap* Holmes Nay 
Cap* Brown Nay Cap* Burke Nay Cap* Hacker Yea Cap* 
Salter Nay Cap* Carnes Nay Cap* Brown Nay Cap* Waters 
Nay Cap* Williams Yea Cap* Cathcart Yea — Nine Three 

Whereupon, it was Determind that if the General will 
Storm the Citadel, the Ships will go in and destroy their 
Shipping. 

Whether the Ships shall go in upon condition the Genr 1 
takes Possession of the lower Ground and Holds it 

Cap* Hacker Yea Cap* Cathcart Yea Cap* Williams Yea 
Cap* Waters Yea Cap* Burke Yea — Five 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 431 

That the Citadel be Storm'd at the Time the Shipping go 
in 

Cap 1 Carnes Yea Cap 1 West Yea Cap 1 Brown Yea Cap 1 
Holmes Yea Cap 1 Salter Yea Cap 4 Edmonds Yea Cap 1 
Thomas Yea The Commodore Yea — Eight. 
The Council then broke up 

Witness Gib: Saltonstall Sect y 
A Cop} 7 of the above was immediately sent to Genr 1 Lovell 
requesting an Answer as Soon as possible 

A true Copy of the Original, Examined 

PrGib: Saltonstall 



Proceedings of a Council of War held at Head Quarters 
on the Heights of Magabagaduce — August 6 1779. 

Present Gen 1 Lovell President Brig r Wadsworth Col 
M c Cobb Col Mitchell Col Brewer L l Col Revere U Col° 
Howard L l Col Jordon Major Hunter 

The Gen 1 introduced the Council by reading the proceed- 
ings of a Council of War held on board the Warren by the 
Commodore & his Captains the results of which was that if 
the General would Storm the Fort, they would go in & 
destroy the Shipping. 

Whereupon the General desir'd of the Council if the Com- 
modore would attack the Shipping whether it would be expe- 
dient to Storm in our present Situation. 

The Court unanimously determin'd in the Negative 

S. Lovell B r G 1 



Head Quarters Majabigwaduce August 7 th 1779 
Parole C Sign 

Field Officer of the day to morrow Col M c Cobb. 
At a general Court martial held on the Heights of majabig- 



432 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

waduce the 6 th Inst, by Order of the Commander in chief 
whereof Col Mitchell was president, Thomas Hart, & Timo- 
thy Cotten of the late Cap* Hinckley Comp y Col M c Cobbs 
Reg 1 try'd for desertion the Prisoners plead guilty the Court 
after a mature deliberation are of Opinion that they ride a 
wooden horse 20 Minutes a Musquet to each Foot. The 
Gen 1 approves the Sentence and orders it put in Execution 
to morrow morning at Guard mounting. 



Proceedings of a Council of War held on board the Brig 
Hazard off Magabagaduce Aug* 7 1779 

Present Gen 1 Lovell, Gen 1 Wadsworth, & the field of the 
Army ; Commodore Saltonstall & Cap* 8 of the Arm'd Vessels. 

The General introduced the Council by informing them 
that they were call'd together to confer what further meas- 
ures are proper to be taken towards reducing the Enemy. 

The Commodore is of Opinion we either Strike a bold 
Stroke, by storming the Enemys works, & going in with the 
Ships, or raise the Siege. 

The General thinks he is not in a Situation with his pres- 
ent force to Storm. 

The General asks the Commodore whether the men on 
board are easy in their Situation & whether a sufficient num- 
ber of them to defend the Ships can be held to carry on any 
further Operations. 

The Commodore answers by reason of repeated desertions 
among the impress'd Men from on board his Ship makes it 
improbable. 

Cap* Holmes says his People are exceedingly dissatisfied, & 
will not be able to detain them much longer. 

Cap* 8 Carnes, Brown, West & Edmonds, are of the same 
opinion. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 433 

No difficulty with any others viz. Cap t8 Salter, Waters, 
Thomas, Williams, Burke, Hacker, Cathcart. 

The General thinks if he could take possession of the Land 
in the rear of the Main work which is now commanded by 
the enemy's Shipping that four hundred Men can hold the 
present lines & Seven hundred and fifty operate on the 
opposite Side. 

Col Revere answers we have not so many Men. 

The General says he has reason soon to expect that number. 

Cap 1 Burke asks the field Officers opinion whether they 
can lead their Men in the open field against the Enemy. 

L 1 Col Jordon is of opinion he can Col M c Cobb, Howard, 
Mitchell, Revere & Major Hunter, are of Opinion the}' cannot. 

The General asks the field Officers whether they think it 
would be expedient to take possession of the Land in the 
rear of the Enemy and divide our army. 

L 1 Col Howard is of opinion it would, Col° M c Cobb, 
Mitchell, Revere, Jordon, & Major Hunter, it would not. 

The Commodore asks the General whether he is able to 
reduce the Enemy without a reinforcement of Men & Stores. 

The General answers he cannot. 

Then the General asks the Council whether we continue 
or discontinue the Siege under the present circumstances. 

When the Question was put and determined in the affirm- 
etive for continuing the Siege as follows — 

Yeas Col M c Cobb Mitchell L* Col Howard Jordon 
Major Hunter Gen 1 Wadsworth Gen 1 Lovell Capt 8 Salter 
Waters Cathcart Williams Thomas Hacker 

Nays L l Col° Revere Cap 1 Carnes Holmes West Brown 
Burke Edmonds Comm re Saltonstall 

Col° Revere is foi discontinuing the Siege for the follow- 
ing reasons. — 

1 st Gen 1 Lovell says that he is not able to reduce the 
Enemy with what Troops & Stores he has got. 

29 



434 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

2 d That under the present circumstances it is best to take 
post to the Westward, to hinder the Enemy going any 
further 

3 d That Six Captains of Ships, give as their Opinion that 
they cannot keep their Men but a few days longer. 

The Council then broke up 

Attest John Marston Sec y 

In Council August 7 th 1779 
Acco* of James Fosdick for his Expences from Falmouth 
to Boston to bring a Letter from Gen 1 Lovell amounting to 
£187.. 10. Read & Allowed & Ordered That a War- 
rant be drawn on the Treasury for £287.. 10 (including 
£100 given him in Consideration of his Dispatch) in full of 
his Ace 1 Warrant drawn & Signed by fifteen of the 
Council. 

Ordered That the Embargo imposed by the General 
Assembly in their last session be & it hereby is ( in Virtue 
of the Power & Authority given to the Council by the said 
Assembly ) extended & continued from the 10 th day of 
August current to the 25 th day of August instant upon all 
Private Armed Ships & Vessels only Letters of Marque 
excepted, which shall or may be actually ladened with Car- 
goes for merchandize. 

A General Return of General Lovells Detachment of 
Militia 

OFFICERS PRESENT 

Col° M'-'Cobb Col Mitchell Late Major Littlefield Total 
OommissionM 

Colonels 1 1 2 

L ( Colonels 1 1 2 

Majors 2 2 4 

Captains 6 8 2 16 

1 st Lieutenants 7 8 4 19 

2» d Lieutenants 7 8 2 17 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



435 



Colo M'Cobb Col" 


Mitchell ] 


Staff 






Adjutants 


1 




Q r Masters 


1 




Chaplains 






Surgeons 


1 




Surg" Mates 






non-commission'd 






Serjeant Majors 


1 




Q/ M r Serj 1 


1 




Serjeants 


28 


32 


Drums & Fifes 


6 


13 


Effective Rank & File 






present lit for Duty 


313 


300 


Sick in Barrack 


-40 


39 


Sick in Hospital 


5 


2 


Sick absent 


1 




( >n Command 


37 


92 


On Furlough 


1 




Total 


397 


433 


Wanting to compleat 






Serjeants 






Drums & Fifes 






Rank & File 







Late Major Littlefield Total 



1 


3 


1 


3 




2 




1 


1 


3 


1 


8 


15 


75 


1 


20 


102 


715 


20 


99 


4 


11 




1 


17 


146 




1 


143 


973 



Alterations since last Return 

Join'd 11 

dead 1 

discharged 

deserted 3 1 

Missing 

1 Major, 1 Cap f on Furlough. 1 Cap* 2 L l 2 Serj' on Command. 
Cap' 2 L* 4 Serj' sick present. 1 Serj* sick in Hospital. 

Jeremiah Hill Adj 1 General. 
Majabigwaduce Aug 1 7 ,h 1779 



11 
1 



Head Quarters Majabigwaduce August 8 th 79 
Parole C Sign 

Field Officer of the day to morrow Col Mitchell 
The Field Officers of the day will attend the parade, when- 
ever any Guards are to march off, in order to give them 
proper Instructions, the adjutants of the Several keg t8 & 
Corps will look upon it as a standing Order, to shew the 



436 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Gen 1 Orders to their Field Officers, as well as the Orderly 
Serjeants so that they may be communicated to the Troops 
in general — Doct r Whipple will visit the several Detach- 
ments & Corps and report to the Commander in chief, the 
Number of Soldiers unfit for Duty. The Commissary is 
directed to Issue one Gill of Rum to each man in Camp 
Cap 1 Nathaniel Cousens of the late Major Saver's Corps is 
appointed to do the Duty of Major & to take Rank from the 
first Instant, and is to be obey'd and respected as such. 



Council Chamber August 8 : 1779 
Sir 

The Hon ble M r Adams will Communicate to you Two Let. 
ters this Board have Received from General Lovell by which 
you will learn the Situation of our Army & Navy at Penob- 
scot & points out the Necessity of his being immediately 
Reinforced with at least four hundred Continental Troops in 
order Effectually & Speedily to Subdue the Enemy there. 
We must therefore earnestly Request Your Aid & Assistance 
upon this Important Occasion — we need not Enlarge upon 
this Subject as M r Adams will give you all the Necessary 
Information & Can fully point out to you the fatal Conse- 
quences that must Ensue if this Expedition to the Eastward 
should prove abortive for want of a few Continental Troops. 
We doubt not of your Readiness to do Everything in your 
Power to promote the Safety and Interest of this State as 
well as of ye United States in General. We have furnished 
M r Adams with an order upon Brigadier Godfrey to furnish 
you with as many militia men out of his Brigade as you may 
supply us with upon this Occasion 

I am with Respect in the name and behalf of the Council 
y r most humble Ser 1 
Gen 1 Gates 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 437 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In Council Aug 1 8 1779 

Whereas it is represented to this Board that the Men ordered 
to be raised in the Counties of York Cumberland & Lincoln 
agreeable to the Resolves of the General Assembly of the 
26 th & 29 th of June last are greatly deficient in number ; & 
it appearing to this Board absolutely necessary that General 
Lovell should be speedily reinforced with the full comple- 
ment aforesaid, therefore ordered that the Brigadiers for the 
said Counties be and hereby are ordered & directed, as they 
would avoid the fatal consequences of any failure on their 
part in so important & critical a service, immediately to 
detach from their respective Brigades the number of Men 
deficient, & march them to their several places of rendezvous 
without loss of time, & give seasonable information thereof 
to General Lovell that he may send Transports for the said 

Troops. 

Attest John Avery D Se y 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber Aug st 8 th 1779 
Sir, 

It appearing by a Representation made by Brig r Gen 1 
Lovell at Penobscott that it is of Importance that the Brave 
Men under his Command should be Reinforced with a Num- 
ber of Troops well acquainted with Military Discipline & the 
Art of War, the Council of this State have endeavor'd to 
effect that purpose — in which they have pleasing prospects 
of Success by calling upon several Independent & other well 
disciplined Companies in this & the Neighbouring Towns, to 
turn out & Join the General in his present Expedition 

The Council have therefore directed me to give you this 
Notice that you might use your most Strenuous Endeavors 



438 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

to Co-operate w th us in Supplying the Gen 1 w th as many Men 
of the above description as you can furnish & the Exigencies 
of the case in question may Require : the Council rest 
Assured from Your known Zeal & that of your State for the 
public Cause that every thing in y r power will be done to 
effect so interesting a purpose 

You must be sensible that the whole efficacy depends on 
the greatest dispatch & Expedition 

In the Name & Behalf of the Council 

J P. Presd* 

Meshech Weare Esq r 



Major Bagaduce August 8 th 1779 
Gent m 

Seeing we are Come to this period of time without any 
Determined Resolution, I think it my Duty to make my 
Sentiments known, Which the Subsequent lines are my full 
Oppinion 

That we Attack the Enemy and in the following manner, 
That the Warren Lead the way, the Putnam & Hamden to 
follow and Anchor Abreast the Enemie's Ships takeing Care 
at the Same time to be a Sufficient Distance from the Ene- 
mies Ships. In Case of an explosion from them, that they 
may not be Damaged by them ( Furthermore ) That the 
Sally, Vengeance Black Prince Hector Monmouth Sky- 
Rocket, and Hunter, to form a Line against their works on 
the Hill, and to keep up a Moderate but a Continual Fireing 
in order to Annoy them, so as to take their Attention from 
the Warren, Putnam & c . The Battery on the Island at the 
Same time to keep up a Continual Cannonaiding on the Ene- 
mies Works. The Ships to Acquip one Hundred Marins to 
Land in order to Join three Hundred Malitia To act in Con- 
junction, to Make an Excursion on their Lately Errected 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 439 

Battery on the Low ground, In order to Intercept their Sea- 
men & Marines in Case they Should Attempt to Land, with 
a view of Reinforcing their Grand works, at the Same time 
for our Capital Fort to keep up a fireing of Cannister & 
Grape to heave Shels or any Other war Like Combustables 
they may think Necessary to Confuse & Annoy them whilst 
we Continue our Attack on the Shipping and Lower works, 
takeing Care at the Same time that they dont fire from our 
Foart Any Shot that may Damage our Troops between the 
Enemies upper and Lower Forts, The General then at our 
fort to Conduct as he thinks proper with the Remaining Part 
of his Army, which According to my Calculation will 
Ammount to Nine hundred men. I Look upon that part of 
Cuting the Seamen & Marines of from Reinforceing Their 
Grand Fort to be an Important part or piece of the Buisness, 
for they Certainly Concist of one third part of their Foarce. 
The Objection in our Last Council was that were we Pos- 
sess'd of the Lower Battery we Could not hold it, But that 
Impediment in my Oppinion is Easily Remedied as in the 
following manner that our Men goe under the Bank which 
will be free from the Enemy, and will be Immediately under 
Cover of our Ships which of Cource they must be in at the 
place above Appointed or Else the Aforesaid Plan will be 
Abortive 
This Gent" 1 is the Canded oppinion of 

your friend and Hum 1 Serv 1 

Hoysteed Hacker 
To The Gent m of the Navy & Army Present. 

N. V>. I desire you would Call a Council Immediately To 
Know what Can be Done. 

In Council August 8, 1779 
Ordered That Thomas Cashing & Samuel Adams Esq" 
be a Committee to wail on the Capt of the French Frig;ite to 



440 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

know of him whether he should be willing to proceed to 
Penobscot with his Ship for the purpose of reinforcing the 
American Fleet — who reported that they had waited upon 
his Excellency the Chevalier De la Luzerne who informed 
them that he would speak with the Capt of said Frigate & if 
possible influence his proceeding to Penobscot 

Ordered That Thomas dishing & Nathan Cushing Esq™ 
be a Committee to draught a Letter to Salem, Marblehead & 
Newbury Port to acquaint these Towns that General Lovell 
has requested a Reinforcement & to desire that they would 
use their Endeavours to raise Volunteer Companies for that 
purpose as also Henry Gardner Esq 1 draft a Letter to the 
State of New Hampshire & report who reported draughts of 
Letters which were Accepted & forwarded 

Ordered That the Secretary draught an Order directing 
the Board of War to procure One hundred Barrels of Bread 
& other Articles for the Troops upon the Expedition to 
Penobscot. 

Ordered That the Board of War be & they hereby are 
directed immediately to procure One hundred Barrels of 
Bread, Eight hundred Gallons of Rum two hundred stand of 
Arms compleat four hundred Cartridge Boxes & fifteen Bar- 
rels of Powder for the Troops upon the Expedition to 
Penobscot. 

Ordered That Thomas Cushing Esq r draft a Letter to 
Major Gen 1 Gates upon the Subject matter of reinforcing the 
Army at Penobscot with Continental Troops & report — who 
reported a draft of a Letter which was Read accepted & 
forwarded. 

Whereas General Lovell has signified to this Board the 
Necessity of being Reinforced with a Number of Well Disci- 
plined Troops in Order effectually & speedily to subdue the 
Enemy at Penobscot. 

Ordered That Samuel Adams Esq r be & hereby is 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 441 

Appointed to proceed to Providence & Apply to & use his 
influence with General Gates to furnish four hundred Conti- 
nental Troops if possible for the purpose before mentioned 
& that he be furnished with Copies of General Lovell's Let- 
ters of the 31 st of July & first of August which he is to com- 
municate to General Gates that he may have the necessary 
Information relative to this interesting Subject, and that M r 
Adams be furnished with an Order upon General Godfrey to 
detach from his Brigade as many Militia Men as General 
Gates may supply upon this Occasion The Order to be filled 
by M r Adams when he knows the Number Gen 1 Gates will 
furnish & Transmit it immediately to Gen 1 Godfrey. 

The Following is the Order above refered to Viz 1 

In Council Aug 4 8 th 1779 
Sir, 

You are hereby Ordered to detach from the two Northern 
Regiments in your Brigade Viz* Col° Carpenters & Col 
Dean's Reg 18 hundred Men with proper Officers to 

Command the same compleatly equipt & accoutred according 
to the Militia Law & cause the Men so raised to be marched 
to Providence without loss of Time there to do Duty under 
Gen 1 Gates or the Officer commanding in that Department 
for the Space of four Weeks after their Arrival at Head 
Quarters unless sooner Discharged 

Brig Gen Godfrey 



Head Quarters Majabigwaduce Aug 1 9 th 1779. 
Parole, Providence, C Sign Walker. 

Field Officer of the day to morrow L l Col Howard. 



Gilbert Richmond first Mate, of the Argo — declares that on 
the O 11 ' Instant, off Martinis Vineyard — he fell in with eight 



442 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

sail of Vessels — supposed to be of force — steering S° E l 
with a view of weathering the S. Shoal of Nantucket — The 
Commodore carried a poop light. The informant thinks — 
they were about 40 Miles S° of the West end of the Vineyard 
Taken at Head Quarters this 9 th of Aug 4 1779 

Jn° Armstrong j r A D Camp 



Head Quarters Magabigwaduce Aug 1 9 1779 Received of 
Brig r Gen Lovell three pounds eighteen shillings L Mo for 
the use of the Indians under my Command 

Ex d Louis Vincent 



Head Quarters Majabigwaduce Aug 1 10 th 1779 
Parole C Sign 

Field Officer of the day to morrow L* Col° Jordan 



C Chamb r Boston Aug 8t 10 th 1779 
Gentlemen 

on the 8 th Instant the Council adressed you on the Subject 
of sending a Number of your Troops well Acquainted with 
Military Movements to the Asistance of Gen 1 Lovell at Pro- 
nopscot — but as the Council have Rec'd no Answer they 
are Apprehensive that some Accidence Must have taken 
place and prevent the express reaching you 

The barer Come on purpose to Know the fate of the Coun- 
cil Application, and to request you wou d imediately return 
the express with an Exact Ace 1 of the Number of Troops 
that we are to expect on this pressing Occation. of this you 
will not fail 

Presd 1 
The Gen* Selectmen & Com d of Independent & Volunteer 
Companies in the Towns of Salem & Marblehead 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 443 

Council Chamber Aug 1 10 1779 
Sir 

It is the desire of the Council that you will procure an 
Express and immediately send him forward either by Land 
or Water as will be most expeditious to Brigadier General 
Lovell with the enclosed letter from this Board, w ch is to 
inform the General that a reinforcement is now on their way 
to him 

To the Hono We Enoch Freeman or Samuel Freeman Esqrs 



State of Mass"* Bay 

Council Chamber Aug. 10 th 1779 
Ordered — That the Selectmen, Committees of Correspond- 
ence &c in the several Towns within this State thro, which 
M r James Brewer who is employed by the Council of this 
State to go Express to Falmouth be and they hereby are 
directed to Afford him every Assistance that he shall need 
in procuring Horses &c in order that he may be forwarded 
with the greatest Dispatch 

Attest John Avery D y Sec y 



State of Massachusetts 

Council Chamber August 10 th 1779 
Sir 

The Council Rec'd your Letter of the 30 Ultimo on Sunday 
Morning last Have attentively considered the Contents con- 
gratulate you on the Successes that have attended you Since 
your arrival at Penobscot. 

The Council have lost no Time in procuring a reinforce- 
ment to the Army under your Command and on Application 
made to Major General Gates for that Purpose they this 
Momenl By Express Rec'd Advice from Providence thai the 



444 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

General Had ordered Coll Jackson Reg* consisting of four 
hundred men to march to your Assistance and that the 
Detachment would Be in Town tomorrow. You will rest 
Assured Sir that no Time will be lost or Exertions Omitted 
by the Council to forward the Detachment with the greatest 
Expedition. 

The Council thought it of importance that you should 
have the earliest Notice of this Event And have accordingly 
forwarded this Letter By Express have only Time to add 
that the other matters contained in your Letters be duly 
attended to of which you will have further Advice in our 
Next 

Wishing you Prosperity & Success Am in Behalf of the 

Council 

Your &c. 

Letter to Brig r Lovell p r Brewer 



In Council Aug* 10 th 1779 

Ordered That Walter Spooner & Moses Gill Esq" be a 
Committee to confer with the Navy Board respecting the 
Orders necessary to be given to the Commanders of the 
Army & Navy at Penobscot & report. 

Council Chamber, Aug 1 10 th 1779 

Ordered That the Board of War be & they hereby are 
directed to procure a swift sailing Vessel & fit her for Sea 
immediately as a Transport for the purpose of Transporting 
Stores to the Army at Penobscot. 

Ordered That Thomas Cushing, Moses Gill & John Pitts 
Esq rs be a Committee to contract with any Owner or Owners 
of Private Armed Vessels of War for the purpose of joining 
the Fleet at Penobscot & report 

Ordered That Henry Gardner draught a Letter to Gen 1 
Lovell to inform him of the Reinforcement destined to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 445 

Penobscot & report, who reported a draft of a Letter which 
was read & Accepted & forwarded 

Ordered That John Pitts Esq r draught a Letter to Enoch 
Freeman Esq r desiring that he would forward an Express 
with the above Letter to Gen 1 Lovell from Falmouth to 
Penobscot with all possible dispatch. 

Ordered That the Board of War be & they hereby are 
directed to provide Transports sufficient for the Transporta- 
tion of Col Jacksons Reg 1 to Penobscot consisting of Four 
hundred Men without loss of time. 

Ordered That the Board of War be & they hereby are 
directed to make use of the Cartel as one of the Transports 
for Col Jackson's Reg 1 & Commissary Henderson is hereby 
directed to deliver her accordingly 



At a Council of War held on board the Warren off Maga- 
bagaduce Harbour August 10 th 1779 

Present — The Commodore and Capt 8 in the Navy — Gen- 
eral Lovell - Col Revere - Col M c Cobb - Col° Mitchell - L l 
Col Jordon - Major Brown - Major Larrabe - Major Hunter 

The Commodore open'd the Business by observing the 
Council was call'd in consequence of a Letter from Cap 1 
Hacker — A Battery being also begun on the Eastern shore 
opposite the Shipping — He should put the Question whether 
to pursue Cap 1 Hackers Plan; or the Plan and Battery in 
Conjunction — Before the Gentlemens opinion was taken 
Gen 1 Lovell and his Field Officers came in ; Upon which the 
Question was suspended for them. After some conversation 
upon the Generals taking possession of the Ground &c The 
General was desir'd to ask the Officers of the Land Forces 
their Opinion, whether they could hold the Ground on the; 
Eastward of the Citadel if taken: Upon (he Question being 
put, it was determined in the Affirmative. 



446 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

The Question was then put to the Captains in the Navy 
whether the Ships should go in, and destroy the Enemy's 
Shipping. Determ d in the Affirmative Unanimously. 

The Council then Rose 

Witness Gib: Saltonstall Sec y 



Letter Sam 1 Adams to Hon. Jere h Powell, Pres* £c. 

Providence Aug 1 10 th 1779 

Sir I have the Pleasure to acquaint the Hon ble the Coun- 
cil Board that I arriv'd here last Evening, and upon commu- 
nicating their request to Major General Gates, I found him 
ready, as usual to afford every Assistance in his Power for 
the Service of the Great Cause, he has order'd Col Jackson 
with a Detachment from his Regiment consisting of four 
hundred Men to Join General Lovel at Penobscot. 

This Core, I have reason to believe, both Officers and Pri- 
vates, will do honour to themselves & their Country when 
an opportunity shall present, I had the Satisfaction of seeing 
them on their March this Mornning at Sun rise, and the 
Council may expect them in the Neighborhood of Boston to 
Morrow Evening, In the mean time I hope that Transports 
and every Accomodation will be prepared for them that their 
passage to the place of their destination may not be delayed. 

I shall immediately forward to Brig r Gen 1 Godfrey the 
order of the Hon ble Board, for the Detaching four hundred 
Militia to serve in Providence in the Room of these Troops, 
and remain with all due Regard 

Sir your most Obed 1 Hum ble Serv 1 Sam 1 Adams 



Council Chamber August 11 th 1779 
Ordered That the Commanding Officer at the Castle be & 
hereby is directed to deliver Col William Burbeck One hun- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 447 

dred Eighteen Pound Case shott, Sixty Eight Grape Shott 
Eighteen Pounders for the use of the Troops upon the 
Penobscot Expedition. 

Ordered That the Board of War be & they hereby are 
directed to apply to the Continental Commissary of Provis- 
ions for the loan of one Months Rations for four hundred 
Men under the Command of Col Jackson destined to Penob- 
scot And it is hereby recommended to said Commissary to 
lend the same accordingly — said Provisions to be replaced 
as soon as possible. 



Head Quarters Majabigwaduce Aug 1 11 th 1779. 
Parole C Sign 

Field Officer of the day to morrow Maj r Brown 
The Q r M r8 of each Reg 1 & Corps are directed to draw imme- 
diately half a Gill of Molasses p r Man agreeable to their 
returns. 



August 11 th 1779 
We yesterday Sent you an account by express that Gen 1 
Gates had ordered Col° Henry Jackson's Reg 1 consisting of 
between 300 or 400 men to reinforce you they are expected 
in Town to morrow noon, and may probably Sail from hence 
on Friday or Saturday as they will go with small convoy 
we Shall direct them to keep in Shore, which will somewhat 
retard their progress, but we judge it nevertheless a prudent 
course for their greater Safety. We have just now received 
a Letter from Gen 1 Washington enclos g a copy of a Letter 
from an Officer at Newark to Lord Sterling which was for- 
warded to Gen 1 Washington, Copies of which you have 
enclosed We forward them to you from hence by Land to 
Falmouth and from thence both by Land and Water, for the 



448 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

greater Security, and that you may as Soon as possible be 
acquainted with their Contents and direct your movements 
accordingly The Council believe the Ships and Troops men- 
tioned in the enclosed papers are really intended to reinforce 
your enemy We wou'd advise you & the Naval Commander, 
if tis thought any way practicable, to collect as great a force 
as possible from the fleet and make an attack upon the eni- 
my's Strong hold without delay whether the destruction or 
capture of their ships Shou'd be first attempted you will con- 
sider and determine. If neither can be attempted with any 
probability of Success We advise you to reimbark and retreate 
as quick as possible to Some more Secure post where you 
may cover the eastern Country from the ravages of the 
Enemy. Shou'd they attempt to ravage it — perhaps Town- 
send may be a proper post. You will give us the earliest 
intelligence of your movements & wait our further Orders. 
Your Situation is very critical. Something must be hazarded 
and Speedily too. Delay may operate to your destruction. 
You are not to delay your operations in expectation of any 
assistance from Col Jackson's Regiment but to take your 
measures with your present Force. Tis probable the Coun- 
cil will direct Col Jackson's Regim* to touch in at Town- 
send & there learn your State and condition before he pro- 
ceeds to join you 

12 °Clock at Night 

J P. Pred 1 
Letter to Brig r Gen 1 Solo Lovell p r James Perkins Express 

State of Mass" 8 

Council Chamber Aug. 11, 1779 

Ordered that the Selectmen or Committees of Correspond- 
ence &c in the several Towns thro which M r James Perkins 
may pass who is going Express to Falmouth are hereby 
Ordered and directed to afford him every assistance in their 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 449 

Power in furnishing- him with Horses &c in Order that he 
may be forwarded with the greatest Dispatch 

Attest John Avery D y Sec y 



Letter Henry Jackson to Hon. Jere. Powell 

Walpool Aug 1 11 1779 
19 Miles from Boston 

Sir I take this opportunity to inform your Honor that I 
am on the March with my Regiment for Boston (by order of 
Maj Gen 1 Gates) and there to receive further directions 
from the Honorable the Council, — the Roads being very bad 
& — an exceeding hot day & my Men much beat out, I shall 
halt at Dedham to Night. 

Your Honor may expect me in Boston to morrow noon at 
fartherst, but if the Hon ble Council should think it necessary 
for greater dispatch, my Reg* shall move on, so as to arrive 
by day light. 

I am with great respect & Esteem your Honors 

most Obed* & Humble Servant 

Henry Jackson 

Letter John Grerry to Hon. Jer 11 Powell, Prei dt $c. 

Marblehead August 11 th 1779 
May it please your honor 

In compliance with a requisition of the Hon We Council of 
the 8 th Instant; purporting the necessity of a Reinforcement 
being immediately forwarded to Gen 1 Lovell ; Upon the 
receipt thereof the same was taken into Consideration and 
Acted upon. 

And on the first View did not know but we should be Able 
to Effect the purpose designed, but on examination found 
tli it we had so many Men already on the Expedition, & being 

30 



450 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

destitute of Independent or Volunteer Companies & what few 
men there are in town chiefly consisting of Seamen obliges 
me to inform your Honor that it is not in our power to ren- 
der any further assistance than what is already Engaged — 
We should be happy in having a further share in this enter- 
prize of Subduing our Enemies in that Quarter, but as from 
these Circumstances we have it not, hope we shall be excused 
But we beg leave to Assure your Honor that when ever it is, 
hope we shall not be wanting in exerting our selves to the 
utmost of our abilities to serve our Country — 

Would further inform your Honor that there is a Brigan- 
tine of 16 Guns fully mann'd and ready for Sea, that is in 
the harbour if the Hon ble Board should have Occasion for 
her ; we have no Doubt but that we can obtain her. 

We are with Esteem Your Honors most Obedient Humble 
Servants 

in behalf of the Select men & Comm ee of Correspondence 

Inspection & Safety — 

John Gerry 



Council Chamber Aug 1 11 th 1779 
Ordered That the Board of War be & hereby are directed 
to cause the Brig Rising Empire to be put into the best 
Posture of defence, that the time will admit of between this 
and her Sailing as a Transport for Penobscot. 

Ordered That Col° William Burbeck be & hereby is 
directed to procure a ten inch Mortar with the Necessary 
apparatus & Ship the same with the other Stores for 
Penobscot. 

Ordered That the Board of War be and hereby are 
directed to furnish Doct r Brown Surgeon General to Major 
General Gates who is going upon the Penobscot Expedition 



OF THE STATE OP MArNE 451 

with a set of Capital Surgeons Instruments, said Brown to 
return the same at the expiration of said Expedition. 

In Consequence of a Letter from his Excellency General 
Washington dated the 4 th ins* inclosing a Letter from Gen 1 
Lord Sterling giving Information of Eight Men of War sail- 
ing from New York for Penobscot. The Council were called 
together. 

Ordered That the Navy Board be desired to attend Coun- 
cil — then The Council took under Consideration the Infor- 
mation from his Excellency General Washington. And after 
debating upon the subject matter thereof — Ordered That 
Francis Dana Esq 1 be a Committee to draft a Letter to Gen- 
eral Lovell informing him of the Intelligence received & to 
give him Instructions respecting the Matter & report who 
reported a Draught of a Letter which was unanimously 
Accepted & Ordered that the Secretary send the same by 
Express immediately. 

Letter Sam 1 Adams to Hon. Jer 11 Powell, Pres dt of Council, $c. 

Providence 11 Aug. 1779 

Sir General Gates writes to the Council by this Express. 

Col Jackson's Regiment will have arriv'd at Boston before 

this Letter reaches you I presume they will sail under the 

strongest convoy that can be made up. should they meet 

with Superior force of the Enemy at Sea, I conceive it ought 

to be a point Settled & indispensible that the Commanders of 

the Armed Vessells run the utmost Risque to give the Troops 

the Opportunity of making their Escape. 1 wrote yesterday 

to B. Gen 1 Godfrey & this Morning receiv'd his Answer with 

Assurance of Punctual Obedience to the Orders of Council. 

witli Sentiments of Esteem & Respect I am Your most 

Humble Serv' 

Sam 1 Adams 



452 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter Q-en 1 Horatio Q-ates to Hon. Jere h Powell 

Providence 11 Aug 1779 
Sir Before this Letter reaches Boston Col Jackson with 
his Regiment will be arrived there. Upon the pressing Appli- 
cation of your Honourable Council, I Order d that Regiment 
to March to the Succour of Our Friends at Penobscot; but 
should circumstances prevent your sending them immediately 
by sea thither, Or the want of a proper Convoy, make such a 
Measure in the highest degree imprudent ; I desire you will 
in that Case Order Col Jackson to march his Regiment 
directly back to Providence. There are 130 Sail of the 
Enemys Vessells now in Huntington Bay Long Island, and a 
large Fleet are preparing for an Expedition at New York ; 
Good Regiments may therefore be very soon in the utmost 
request in this Quarter. 

I am Sir Your most Obed' Humble Servant 

Horatio Gates 



Proceedings of a Council of War held at Head Quarters 
Magabagaduce Aug* 11 1779 — 

Gen 1 Lovell President Members Brig r Wadsworth Col° 
M c Cobb Col Mitchell L* Col Revere L* Col Howard Major 
Hunter Major Larrabee 

The Question being put upon this days Experience of Men 
whether we can with our present force hold a post in the rear 
of the Enemys Fort & the present lines at the same time. 

It was unanimously determined that we cannot for the 
following reasons — 

l 8t Our force not sufficient to take possession of the 
Ground. 

2 d Our numbers not able to do the Duty after taken for 
one week. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 453 

3 d The great want of Discipline & Subordination many 
of the Officers being so exceeding slack in their Duty, the 
Soldiers so averse to the Service & the wood in which we are 
encamped so very thick that on an alarm or any special occa- 
sion nearly one fourth part of the Army are skulked out of 
the way and conceal'd 

The Council then broke up 

Attest John Marston Sec y 



Head Quarters Majabigwaduce August 12 th 1779. 

Parole Glover, C Sign, Shepherd. 

Field Officer of the day to morrow Major Hunter. 
Cap 1 Sullivan's and Cap 1 Fales' Companies of new Levies 
are directed to join Col McCobbs Reg 1 and do duty accord- 
ingly 'till further Orders. A General Return to be made 
immediately to Head Quarters of the true State of the whole 
Army, one Sub. 2 Serj 1 2 Corp 1 & Sixteen men to mount a 
Guard near the Isthmus leading to the Main. Col Davis is 
directed to see that all the Boats is taken from the shore and 
made fast along side of the Vessells every night. All Offi- 
cers are strictly enjoin'd to see that their musquet Cartridges 
are not damaged by the Wet, the Q r M* Gen 1 is directed to 
collect all the loose Balls and other Ordinance Stores and 
lodge them in some proper safe and convenient Place. 

My Soldiers, By the blessing of Providence we have 
arrived to this Height, toward the Reduction of the Enemy, 
we have faced them with every resolution, and have forced 
them from Sundry Posts: for which good Behaviour I heart- 
ily congratulate you. we have now a Portion of our Enter- 
prise to compleat, in which if we are successful, and 1 am 
confident we must be, being superior in numbers and having 
thai Liberal Characteristic "Sons of Liberty and of Virtue" 
I again repeat, we must ride triumphant over the rough dia- 



454 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

bolical Torrent of Slavery, and the Monsters sent to rivet its 
Chains. The Aged and the Youth only recollect the Brave 
Interprises of those Predicession, which has handed down to 
us at this day incoherent and natural Enjoyments. Let us 
consider every thing valuable is depending. Our Characters 
in the face of the whole World, must by our Conduct in this 
Enterprise either rise or fall, we shall either be receiv'd with 
applause or despised, and justly too, the latter should we 
behave unsoldierlike. An Army stimulated by Principal, and 
I hope by every motive that is requisite to constitute the 
Generous and the brave, must, nay we cannot but each fol- 
low, support, and stand by your Officers in every Attempt : 
Is there a man able to bear Arms in this Camp ? that would 
hide his Face in the day of Battle ; Is there an American of 
this Character? is there a man so destitute of Honor? The 
Law in that Case has made it death, to every Man possessing 
the Virtue of a Citizen, or true Courage of a Soldier, if such 
are worthy the Advantage of such natural Rights, as this 
boundless Part of the Globe has bless'd us with ; Therefore 
my Officers and Soldiers, let me require of you every Exer- 
tion, let every one submit to his Superior, then we shall have 
regularity, let each man stand by his Officer, and each Officer 
animated, press forward to the Object in view, then shall we 
daunt the vaunting Enemy, who wishes to intimidate us by 
a little Parade, then shall we strike Terror to the Pride of 
Britain, we shall then return crown'd with Laurels, each 
being able to relate to his Children hereafter, when the Rev- 
erence of Old Age has spread a milky hue on the Locks of 
each by the Fatigues of War, and other Cares : I say then 
may we relate our Enterprises, our Attacks, and Conquests, 
and with pleasing Sympathy observe the listening Hearers 
attentive to our Victory, and their Minds glowing with the 
Benevolence, and Respect such heroic Actions entitle us to, 
we shall be noted through the World for our Conduct, we 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 455 

shall act like men, enjoy the pleasing Reflection ourselves, 
we shall have the Applause of all our Brethren, dauntless 
then let us face this invading Party, strike a Blow worthy of 
our Selves, and let after Ages say pointing to the Heights of 
Majabigwaduce, there landed the American Troops, forced 
the Enemy from their out Posts, secured good Lines and 
openly attacked the hostile Bands of Georges Troops, there 
did they stand like men inspired, there did they fight, and 
fighting some few fell, the rest still victorious, firm, inflexi- 
ble still fighting conquer'd. 



Navy Board Eastern department 

Boston August 12, 1779 
Sir 

Major Bradish this morning arrived with dispatches from 
General Lovell to the Hon ble Council 

We don't find that he has brought any for us The Coun- 
cil however have obliged us with a Communication of Gen- 
eral Lovells Letter & the papers Inclosed Among which We 
find the result of a Council of War on board the Warren 
August 1779 — 

We have for Some time been at a loss to know why the 
Enemys Ships have not been Attacked nor does the result of 
this Council give us any Satisfaction on that head It is 
Agreed on all hands that they are at all times in your power 
if therefore your own Security or the more Advantageous 
opperations of the Army did not require it why should any 
business be delayed to another day that may as well be done 
this 

Our Apprehensions of your danger have ever been from a 
Reinforcement to the Enemy. You can't expect to remain 
much longer without one, whatever therefore is to be done 
should be done immediately both to prevent Advantages to 



456 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Enemy & delays if you are obliged to retire. As we pre- 
sume you would avoid having these Ships in your Rear 
while a Reinforcement Appears in front or the Necessity of 
leaving them behind when you Retired your self. With 
these Sentiments We think it our duty to direct you to 
Attack & take or destroy them without delay in doing which 
no time is to be lost as a Reinforcem* are probably on their 
passage at this time It is therefore our orders that as soon 
as you receive this you take the Most Effectual Measures for 
the Capture or destruction of the Enemies Ships & with the 
greatest dispatch the nature & Situation of things will Admit 
of — 

We are Your Friends & Servants 
[ Copia ] W Vernon J Warren 

In Council Aug 1 12 th 1779 
Ordered That a Convoy be procured to the Transports 
with Troops on board & Stores destined to Penobscot & 
that the Committee have it in charge that were appointed 
the 10 th ins 1 to procure two Armed Vessels for the purpose 
of convoying said Transports to Townsend upon the best 
Terms they are able. 

Boston Aug 1 12 1779. 
Sir 

This Morning your letter of the 6 Int by Maj Bradish was 
laid before the Council with the Inclosures — which we have 
Communicated to the Navy Board — in Consequence of 
Which the Navy Board have by this Opportunity sent posi- 
tive Instructions to Cap 1 Saltonstall, a Copy of Which are 
here inclosed by this you will clearly see the Opinion & 
order of the Navy Board in which opinion the Council are 
in Sentiment. 

Gen 1 Lovell J P P 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



457 



A General Return of General Lovells Detachment of 



Militia 



OFFICERS PRESENT 



Col° 

MCobb 


Col° 
Mitchell 


Late Maj- 
or Little- 
field 


Col° 

Bucks 

Corps 


Cap' 

Thomas' 

Comp> 


-t-> 

O 


Gommission'd 












Colonels 1 
L' Colonels 1 
Majors 2 
Captains 8 
1 st Lieutenants 9 
2 ml Lieutenants 9 


1 
1 
2 

8 
8 
8 


1 
1 
4 
2 


1 

2 

2 

1 


1 
1 
1 


3 

2 

5 

20 

24 

21 


Staff 












Adjutants 1 
Q r Masters 1 
Chaplains 
Surgeons 1 
Surg" Mates 1 


1 

1 

1 
1 


1 
1 






3 
3 

2 
2 


non-cpmmission'd 












Serjeant 

Majors 1 
Q r M r Serj [ 1 
Serjeants 35 
Drums & Fifes 6 


1 

1 

32 

13 


1 

1 

15 

1 


6 


4 


3 
3 

92 
20 


Effective Rank & File 












present fit for 
Duty 390 


3UT 


108 


50 


08 


923 


Si<k in 

Barrack 48 


42 


15 


4 


3 


107 


Sick in 

Hospital 9 

Sick absent 1 

< >n Command 38 

On Furlough 4 

Total 485 


3 

79 

1 

432 


6 

14 

143 


2 

(3 

3 

65 


7 
78 


18 

3 

144 

8 

1203 



Wanting to compleat 
Serjeants 
Drums & Fifes 
Bank & File 

Alterations since last Return 
.Join'd 8 



8 



dead 

discharged 4 1 

deserted 2 

Missing 

N B. 2 Companies join'd Col M c Cobb since last Return 1 Major on 
Furlough, 2 Cap' 4 Lieu 1 4 Serj 1 sick in Barrack. 2 Serj' 

Hospital 

Jeremiah Hill Adj' General 

Majabigwaduce Aug' 12 th 1779 



sick in 



458 DOCUMENTARY HISTOItY 

At a Council of War holden on board the Warren off 
Magabagaduce Aug* 12 1779 — 

Present the Commodore — President Members Cap 1 
Hacker Waters Williams Cathcart Thomas Holmes Cap* 
Carnes West Brown Edmonds Burke Salter L* Story com- 
manding Officer of the Monmouth. 

The Commodore open'd the business by informing the 
Council he had rec'd the Determination of a Council of War 
holden last Night by the Officers of the Army : and that 
Gen 1 Lovell waited on him accompanied by Col Revere this 
Morning requesting a Council of the Navy might be called 
in consequence of their Determination in Council last 
Evening. 

The Commodore then put the Question, Whether under 
our present Circumstances there is a propriety in the Ships 
going in — 

Determined in the Negative — Agreed that a Committee 
be chose to wait on the General to know what further Meas- 
ures he means to pursue ; the Committee chosen were Cap* 
Thomas, Cap* Williams Cap* Holmes, Cap* Hacker 

The Council then Rose 

Witness Gib. Saltonstall Sec y 



Council Chamber Aug* 12 th 1779 
Ordered That the Board of War be & hereby are directed 
& impowered to agree with Samuel Page Agent for the 
Owners of the Private Ship the Renown & Capt Robert 
Adamson Commander of said Ship Safely to Conduct & 
Convoy the Transports employed to carry the Troops and 
Artillery Stores destined to the Army under Gen 1 Lovell to 
Townsend & if required to Penobscot he said Agent & Adam- 
son entering into Bonds that said Vessel shall faithfully 
perform said Service in Consideration of which Service the 



OF THE SXATE OF MAINE 459 

Board of War may engage in behalf of this Government that 
said Ship & Crew shall proceed from thence upon their 
Cruise against our Enemies The Embargo upon Armed 
Vessels notwithstanding & this shall be the only Considera- 
tion allowed by this State to the said Agent & Captain for 
the said Service. 

Ordered That the Secretary draught an Order directing 
the Commissary Gen 1 to deliver sundry Articles for the use 
of Five Men employed by Council to go in an Express Boat 
to Penobscot. 

Letter from Gen 1 Lovell dated the 6 th ins 1 Read & Ordered 
That Moses Gill Esq r draught a Letter in Answer to the 
same to inform him that the Board concur in Sentiment with 
the Instructions the Navy Board have given to Capt Salton- 
atall & report who reported a draft of a Letter which was 
Read & Accepted. 

Ordered That the Committee appointed the 10 th ins 1 to 
procure Armed Vessels for a Convoy to the Transports 
engage with M r Page upon the best Terms they are able to 
insure the Vessel if they shall not be able to procure her 
otherwise. 

Ordered That the Board of War be & they hereby are 
directed to deliver M r James Avery one Lanthorn one Box 
Compass & Six Oars for the use of the Express Boat 
intended for Penobscot — as also to furnish M r Avery with a 
Gun & Bayonet & one Pound of Powder & Ball sufficient — 
he to Replace the same upon his Return back. 

Ordered That the Board of War be & they hereby are 
directed to deliver John Lucas Commissary for the Penobscot 
Expedition Sixteen Thousand, five hundred & Seventy six 
Pounds of Rice calculated for Sixteen hundred Men for two 
Months in lieu of two hundred & fifty nine Bushels of Peas 
that were deficient in the Board of War's supplies to the 
Penobscot Expedition & the said Commissary is further 



460 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

directed to furnish the Soldiers employed upon this Expedi- 
tion with their back Rations in said Rice which they have a 
right to demand agreeable to a Resolve of the General Court. 

Whereas the Government are in Want of some Armed 
Vessels to Convoy the Troops under Col Henry Jackson to 
Penobscot Therefore for the Encouragement of the Owners 
of the Ship Mars to engage that Vessel in this Service 
Ordered That all Seamen & Landsmen that will engage to 
enter on board the Ship Mars to go on a Cruize agreeable to 
the Articles which may be seen at the Rendezvous, shall have 
Liberty to proceed on her Cruize The Embargo notwithstand- 
ing on Condition that they will Convoy the Troops under the 
Command of Col° Henry Jackson as far as Penobscot & after 
seeing them safe Landed they shall not be under any Restric- 
tions of the Commanding Officer there. 

Ordered That John Pitts Esq r draught an Order directing 
the Board of War to execute a Contract with the Agent & 
Owners of the Ship Renown for said Vessel to proceed as 
Convoy for Col Jackson's Reg 1 to Penobscot agreeable to 
their Proposals. 

Ordered That the Commissary General be & hereby is 
directed to deliver Lieut James Avery Six Quintals of Rum, 
Twenty five lbs of Pork, Twenty five lbs of Beef, half hun- 
dred of Bread, fourteen lbs of Rice four Pounds of Sugar 
for the use of five Men employed by Council to go in an 
Express Boat to Penobscot — Also three Pounds of Candles, 
one Lanthorn, One box Compass One Wood Ax, One Tin 
Kettle & two Oars. 



Council Chamber Aug 1 12 th 1779 
Lieut James Avery 

You being now employed by Council to carry an Express 
to General Lovell at Penobscot Our Orders to you are this 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 461 

you deliver this Packet with your own hands & that upon 
your so delivering said Packet, that yon obtain from Gen 1 
Lovell a Certificate of the day & hour, on which he received 
it with the particular Papers inclosed. You will put said 
Packet in a small bag with a stone of 3 or 4 Pound Weight 
that in Case you shall be taken by the Enemy it may be sunk 
directly — which you will be Careful to do & by no means 
omit, but not to be sunk 'till the last extremity. 



Head Quarters Majabigwaduce Aug* 13 th 1779 
Parole Steady, C Sign Firmness 

Field Officer of the day to morrow 

I Jeremiah Hill made Oath that the foregoing is a Copy 
of General Orders taken from the Adjutants book, which he 
believes to be a Copy of the substance of the orders contain'd 
in the Original Book of the Adjutant Generals which was 
lost in the retreat 

Attest O. Peabody Cler 



Sir 

Capt: Hallet of the Active is now with me, he informs, 
that there is Seven square rig'd Vessells off — Five of which 
he is sure are Ships, and that Four of said Ships are Men of 
War as he Supposes — Upon the information I sent you by 
Col Davis just now and the above. 

Ynu'l please to make your movements. If you mean to 

order the Transports up the River, I think they ought to be 

under way — us soon as possible 

Your Hum 1 Servant 

D. Saltonstall 
Warren Aug 1 13 ,h 1779 9 OClock 

A True Copy Attest Will" 1 Todd Maj' Brigade 



462 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Sir 

The Council have just received your letter and are obliged 
to the Committee for their exertions to effect the desires of 
the Board in their Letter of the 8 th instant 

Your information respecting a Brigantine of 16 Guns 
being fully mann'd & ready for Sea, in your Harbour, & if 
the Board should have occasion for her, you have no doubt 
she can be obtain'd, induce the Board to request the Com- 
mittee to apply for her immediately, & if you can obtain her, 
to make return to the Board by this express. The same 
terms will be allowed her as are to other Vessels, & are as 
follows. 

To convoy the Troops to Penobscot free of any expence to 
Goverment, ( Unless lost or damaged while in their service, 
w ch shall be made good to the owners) and be under the 
orders of the Commanding Officer there untill discharged, 
when she may proceed on her cruise; or if the Owners will 
not consent to her remaining there after she has performed 
the convoy, she shall be permitted to proceed as aforesaid. 

The Owners by applying to the Board of War they will 
execute the contract on the part of Goverment 

I am &c 

Jn° Gerry Esq r & the Com tee of Correspondence & c for 
the Town of Marblehead 



To Mes" Mungo Mackay & John Tileston Merch t8 

Gentlemen — You are requested to Appraise Six 3 pound 

Cannon & Two 4 pound Cannon with their Apparatus as 

they may be Shown you & make return to us as Soon as may 

be 

War Office 13 Aug* 1779 

John Browne for the Board of War Isaac Phillips agent 
for Brigs Pallas & Active 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 463 

Four Pound Cannon to be at Seven Hundred Pound &c 
three Pound Cannon to be at Six Hundred Pound a Pair 

Mungo Mackay Jn° Tileston 

Council Chamber Aug 1 13 th 1779 
Ordered That the Board of War be & they hereby are 
directed to permit John Lucas Esq r Commissary to the 
Penobscot Troops to take Passage on board the Row Galley 
In graham Master bound to Penobscot. 

Whereas it has been represented to this Board that Col 
Sears Mess™ Paschal N Smith, Leonard Jarvis & M r Brown 
have offered the Loan of four Six Pounders & four three 
Pounders for the Brig Rising Empire Transport bound to 
Penobscot. Therefore Ordered That the Board of War be & 
they hereby are directed to borrow of Col Sears & the 
Gentlemen mentioned above four six Pounders & four three 
Pounders with their Apparatus for the said Brig Rising 
Empire & to issue their Orders to Col Burbeck to prepare 
a Sufficient Quantity of Cartridge & Shott for the said 
Cannon & to return the said Cannon upon Return of said 
Transport. 

Account of David Braddish Esq r for his Expences, Horse 
hire, time &c for himself & Six Men to Falmouth & for him- 
self to Boston to bring Letters from Gen 1 Lovell Read & 
Allowed & Ordered That a Warrant be drawn on the Treas- 
ury for Two hundred & Ninety Seven pounds four shillings 
in full of his said Account — Warrant drawn & Signed by 
fifteen of the Council. 



Proceedings of a Council of War held at Head Quarters 
Magabagaduce Aug 1 13 1779 

Gen Lovell President (urn 1 Wadsworth and the held ol'li- 



464 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

cers of the Army — Commodore Saltonstall & Captains of 
the Navy. 

The Question was asked by Cap 1 Williams whether any 
thing further is to be done towards reducing the Enemy. 
It was unanimously determined in the affirmative. 

The Question was asked the Officers of the Army by the 
Gen 1 whether we reconsider our former proceedings, of taking 
possession of the ground in the rear of the Enemy's Fort. 

It was determined in the affirmative. 

The General asked the Land Officers whether we go round 
and take possession of the Ground in the rear of the Enemy's 
Fort. 

It was determined in the Negative. 

The General after debate asked the Council whether in our 
present circumstances it would be advisable to evacuate this 
post immediately. Determined as follows — 

For Evacuating — Com e Saltonstall Col M c Cobb Col 
Revere Capt 8 Holmes West Edmonds Burke Thomas Carnes 
Brown. For Tarrying — Gen ls Lovell Wadsworth Col 
Mitchell L l Col Jordon L l Col Howard Major 8 Hunter 
Brown Larabee Cap 8 Hacker of the fleet Cathcart Storer 
Willliams Waters Salter 

The Council rose 

Attest John Marston Sec y 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber Aug 1 14 th 1779 
Ordered That the Board of War be & hereby are directed 
to call upon & receive of Col. Burbeck The following Arti- 
cles of Artillery which he was directed to prepare some days 
since & Cause them to be Shipped on board such Vessels, 
either Transports or Armed Vessels now bound to Townsend, 
as they Shall judge Shall be most consistent with Safety & 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 465 

Convenience & direct them to be delivered to the Commis- 
sary of Artillery or his Order & such Articles as Col Bur- 
beck has not prepared or procured the Board of War are 
directed to procure & Ship as aforesaid without Delay — Viz 
For 6 18 pounders 2220 Shott 180 Cannisters for 18 
pounders 400 Cartridges filled for 6 18 pounders 400 Rounds 
D° for 12 pounders 400 Round Shott do 1 Iron Howitz 8 
Inch 200 8 inch Shells part filled 50 lb Slow Match y 2 
Rheam Paper 50,000 Musquet Cartridges 500 Hand Gre- 
nades fixed 4 Nine Inch Mortars. 

And if they find upon Examination that it is necessary to 
take up an additional Transport for the purpose aforesaid 
they are hereby impowered & directed to do it True Copy 
Attest John Avery D Se y 



Letter to Brigadier Gteneral Lovell. 

State of Massachusetts Bay — 

Council Chamber Boston Aug* 14 th 1779 
S r 

The Council have now to acquaint you that Col Jackson's 
Reg 1 will at all events embark this Day, & the Transports 
will sail without Delay. This Reg* we trust under God, will 
be a sufficient Reinforcement to you, & from the ardor of 
your Troops, as well as from your own Bravery, Activity, 
Prudence & Zeal for the great Cause, we have reason to 
expect speedily to hear that the Designs of the Enemy at 
Penobscot are defeated & their Army captivated. 

In the name & behalf of the Council I am s r your very 
hum 1 serv 1 Jere Powell 

Pies* 
P S. QpoD the reception of this Letter you will immediately 
send your Orders to Townsend where the Transports are to 
stop unless Col Jackson shall inert your Directions at Sea 

■■',) 



466 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

You will inform the Commissary of Artillery that the 

Articles in his department go with the Troops to Townsend 

where he will send his Orders for their being forwarded to 

Camp. 

Jer Powell 

As soon as this reinforcement shall arrive you must without 

fail give Orders to the Cap ts of the Ship Renown & Brig 1 

Terrible who convoy the Fleet, immediately to return to the 

port of Boston for the further service of Government. 

The Council have added this last paragraph since Major 

Braddish sat off with a similar one to this for Falmouth 

Jere Powell 



Boston Aug* 14 th 1779 
Sir 

Major Armstrong Aid de Camp to Major General Gates, & 

Doctor Brown one of y e principal Surgeons in y e America 

army embark in this Fleet as Volunteers to Your Camp. 

The Characters of the Gentlemen and their aready [ hearty J 

disposition to serve the common Cause, induce the Council 

to wish your attention to them that they may be so employed 

as to be honorary to them & usefull to the service. 

Brig r Gen 1 Lovell 



War Office 14 th August 1779 
Capt : Joseph Ingraham 

You are to proceed under Convoy of the Ship Renown, 
Robert Adamson Commander & Brig: Terrible Conway 
Commander to Townsend & Penobscott and deliver the Arti- 
cles you have on board to John Lucas Esq 1 Commissary of 
Provisions. Then wait upon Gene rail Lovell & Com re Sal- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 467 

tonstall, for their Letters & Dispatches with which you are 
to return Direct to this Place. 

We are your Friends &c By order of the Board 

John Browne, P. P. T. 
I acknowledge the foregoing to be a true Copy of my orders 
rec d from the Board of War & promise to govern myself 
accordingly. 

Jo 8 Ingraham 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber August 14 th 1779 

To the Sheriff of the County of Suffolk his Deputy or 
Under Sheriff Greeting 

You are hereby ordered & directed to repair immediately 
on board a Ship lately arrived Here from Carolina com- 
manded by Capt Newell & their impress all the Eighteen 
pound Shott you can find on board said Ship for Public 
Service which you will deliver to the Order of the Board of 
War having the Same appraised by proper judges which 
appraised Value will be allowed by the said Board of War. 
In Case you Shou'd find any Obstruction in Executing this 
Order you are directed to apply to Col. Henry Jackson for a 
Sufficient Aid to enable you to Execute the Same And this 
shall be your Sufficient Warrant whereof fail not & make 
Return of your doing thereon. 

GiveD at the Council Chamber in Boston this 14 th day of 
August A D° 1779 And in the fourth Year of the Independ- 
ency of the United States of America 

John Avery D Se y Jer: Powell Presid* 

Boston Aug 1 14: 1779 by Virtue of the within Precept I 
impressed Sixty Six Eighteen Pound Shot from the Ship 
Columba Cap 1 Newell Master for the Board of War 

Shubael Hewes Dp ,y Shff 



468 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

War Office August 14 th 1779 
Capt. Sam' 1 Harris — 

You are to proceed under Convoy of the Ship Renown 
Robert Adamson Commander & Brig : Terrible John Conway 
Commander to Townsend & Penobscot and deliver the 
articles you have on board to Gilbert Warner Speakman Esq r 
Com y of Military Stores or his order after which you are to 
wait upon Joshua Davis Esq r Agent of Transports for fur- 
ther Orders. 

We are your friends &c By order of the Board. 

John Browne P. P. T. 

P. S. Should you not meet with or receive any orders 
from Col Davis, you may deliver your lading to the order of 
the Commanding Officer — take his discharge & return to 
this place. 

I acknowledge the foregoing to be a true Copy of my 

orders received from the Board of War & promise to govern 

myself accordingly. 

Sam 1 Harris 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

War Office 14 th August 1779 

To the Sheriff of the County of Suffolk, his Deputy or 
either of the Constables of the Town of Boston, Greeting 

You are hereby required and directed in the Name of the 
Government & People of this State to repair immediately to 
the Store or Stores belonging to M r John Webb and there 
Impress all the Eighteen pound Shott you can find under 
his care for the use of y e Expedition to Penobscott, and 
deliver the same to the further order of this Board, after 
having them appraised by proper judges of the same, which 
appraisement will be allowed by the Board, — hereof fail not. 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 469 

Given under my hand & Seal the day & Year above 
mentioned Sam Phips Savage, Pres 1 

Boston Aug 1 14: 1779 by Virtue of the within Precept I 
Impressed one Hundred & Thirty five Eighteen Pound Shot 
in the Store of M r John Webb for the Board of War 

Shubael Hewes Dp 1 * Shff 

War Office 14 th August 1779. 
Dear General 

That two Expresses should come direct from you without 
the favor of a line, I must confess, occasions me much cha- 
grin, however, when I reflect on the important avocations 
that must engross your whole time & attention, my mind 
excuses the seeming breach of friendship & accepts an 
apology by anticipation. 

Such glorious beginnings Augur the most happy event and 
I will flatter myself that my next may congratulate you on 
the reduction & Capture of the Enemy's whole force by Sea 
& Land. 

I have so many official calls that I have not time to enlarge, 
only to assure you that your friends here are all well, and 
that I am with unfeigned regard My dear Sir 

Your affectionate friend & very humble Servant 

John Browne 

P. S. For news I beg to refer you to all the papers, the last 
of which I have the pleasure again to Send you 
Gen 1 Lovell 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber Aug 81 14 th 1779 
Sir, 

The Council now inform You that Transports are Ready 
in the Harbor of Boston to receive the Regiment under your 



470 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Command & to proceed to Penobscot they are to Stop at 

Townsend where Brig r General Lovell is directed to send 

You his Orders ; but if you shoud meet his Orders at Sea 

the Transports will either put into Townsend or otherwise 

dispose of themselves as the General shall direct. The 

Council have great Reliance on your Command and pray 

God to crown You with Laurels. 

In the Name & behalf of the Council I am Sir 

Your most Hum ble Serv* 

J P President 
Col° Henry Jackson 



At a Council of War held on board the Warren off Mache- 
biggaduce Harbour August 14, 1779. 

Present — The Commodore, President, Cap 1 Waters Cap* 
Thomas Cap 1 Holmes, Cap* Williams Cap* Cathcart Cap* 
Carnes Cap* West, Cap* Brown Cap* Hallet Cap* Burke 

Question was put — Whether the Fleet shall go out, and 
Engage the Enemy. 

Determined in the Negative Unanimously. 

Question — Whether the Fleet shall proceed up Penobscot 
River. 

Determined in the Affirmative Unanimously. 
The Council then Rose 

Witness Gib: Saltonstall Sec y 
A true copy of the Original, Examined 

pr Gib : Saltonstall 



In Council Aug* 14 th 1779 

Ordered That Walter Spooner, Samuel Adams & Nathan 

Gushing Esq 18 be a Committee to prepare the Necessary 

Papers & Instructions for Col Jackson & Gen 1 Lovell & 

report — who reported a draught of a Letter to be forwarded 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 471 

by Major Braddish to Gen 1 Lovell as also Instructions to 
Col. Jackson. 

Ordered That the Board of War be & hereby are directed 
to procure a Spy Boat or other proper Vessel to proceed to 
Penobscot with Instructions from Council to Gen 1 Lovell. 

Instructions to M r Solomon Hewes Commander of the 
Spy Boat. 

1. You are to take the Direction of Capt. Adamson Com- 
mander of the Convoy with Regard to the time of your sail- 
ing from this Port. 

2 d The time of the Transports sailing you will be season- 
ably informed of by the said Commander of the Convoy. 

3 d You will take your Course for Townsend keeping 
within Shore in the Course of which the Fleet shall sail. If 
you discover the Enemy in force you are to give Notice to 
the Fleet without delay by Signals which may be given you 
by the Commander to whom you are to apply for the same 
before your departure from hence. 

4 th If you do not meet with the Enemy before you arrive 
off Townsend you will immediately without going into the 
Harbor proceed for Penobscot by the safest Rout & with the 
Utmost Expedition. 

5 th On your Arrival at Penobscot you will immediately 

apply to General Lovell & deliver your dispatches to him & 

take such Orders as he shall give You. 

In the Name & behalf of the Council 

J P Presid* 

Council Chamber Aug 1 14 th 1779 
Capt Laha 

Sir, The Council having Appointed You to Superintend & 
take Care of the Transports employed to Convoy Col Jack- 
sons Regiment to Penobscot & the Board of War having 
Wooded & Watered & furnished said Transports with Pro- 



472 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

visions sufficient for the Voyage, You will carefully attend to 
this Business & follow such Orders as you may receive from 
General Lovell or Col Jackson with respect to the Landing 
said Troops or relative to the disposition of said Transports. 
And as soon as you may join the Fleet now at Penobscot 
you will follow such Directions as you may receive from 
Joshua Davis Agent of Transports in the Fleet. You will 
apply to the Commanding Officer of the Fleet for proper Sig- 
nals & directions with respect to your proceedure during this 
Voyage & strictly observe the same & render an Account of 
your Conduct to this Board. 

Ordered That the Secretary draught an Order directing 
the Sheriff of the County of Suffolk his Deputy &c to impress 
a Quantity of Shott on board the Ship lately arrived from 
Carolina Commanded by Capt. Newell — said Board paying 
for the same at an Appraised Value. 



Council Chamber Aug* 14 th 1779 
To Cap 1 Robert Adamson Commander of the Ship Renown 
& other Armed Vessels & Transports bound from this Port 
to Penobscot 

You will proceed from this place with the Transports & 
other Vessels under your Command as soon as the Troops 
are embarked & ready to depart. 

You will seasonably give orders to the spy boat appointed 
by Council to proceed a short time [before] the sailing of your 
Fleet to the end that if she shou'd meet with the Enemy you 
may receive earlier intelligence of their approach than you 
otherwise wou'd obtain. You will furnish the Master of the 
Spy Boat with proper Signals. He is to take the same 
course as your fleet but not to continue in sight of it but 
make the best of his Way for Penobscot there to deliver to 
Gen 1 Lovell his dispatches & to take his Orders. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 473 

You will shape your Course from this Port for Townsend 
keeping the Transports as near in shore as may be done with 
convenience & safety. Your own & the other Convoy you 
will keep without them, so as to give them the earliest intel- 
ligence of the approach of an Enemy, & to afford them the 
best Protection & Opportunity to secure themselves. When 
you arrive off Townsend you will either conduct your Fleet 
into that PTarbour, or proceed in the same Cautious manner 
for Penobscot, as Col Jackson shall direct. 

If you should put into Townsend you will be careful to 
keep the whole fleet & Convoy together untill it shall be 
known when they are to proceed from thence to Penobscot. 
You will receive Orders touching this matter from Col 
Jackson. 

You will be carcfull to give proper Orders to the Com- 
manders & Masters of the several Vessels under your Com- 
mand & to furnish each of them with proper Signals. 

When you have safely Convoyed the Fleet to Penobscot 
you may proceed upon your Cruize any Orders from General 
Lovell or the Commanding Officer of the Fleet at Penobscot 
to the contrary notwithstanding. 

In the Name & behalf of the Council 

Jer: Powell Presid 1 

Ordered That the Board of War be & they hereby are 
directed to deliver Col Henry Jackson Thirty Eight Fire 
Arms with Bayonets & thirty Eight Thousand Musket Car- 
tridges with Balls Eighteen p r Pound for the Use of his Reg* 
lie to be accountable for the same. 



Council Chamber Aug* 15 th 1779 
Whereas the Public Service requires that a Number of 
Oars be procured immediately. Therefore Ordered That the 
Board of War be & they are hereby authorized & impowered 



474 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

immediately to impress ( if they cannot be procured other- 
ways ) a sufficient number of Oars for the Transports 
intended for Penobscot wherever they can be found having 
the same Appraised & to allow the Appraised Value. 

Ordered That the Fleet bound for Penobscot be & they 
are hereby directed immediately to fall down into the lower 
Harbour or Nantasket Road. 

Capt Rob* Adamson Com of the Fleet. 



INDEX 



Abbott, Aaron, 175, 208. 
Benjamin, 213. 
David, 197. 
David, 2nd, 197. 
Edward, 212. 
George, 212. 
Isaac, 80, 175. 
Job, 197, 225. 
Joshua, 213. 
Moses, 42. 
Nathan, 213. 
Peter, 42. 
Reuben, 42. 
Samuel, 197. 
Adams, Moses, 57, 59. 
Nathan, 197. 

Samuel, 255, 322, 345, 386, 387, 
392, 393, 428, 436, 439, 440, 441, 
446, 451, 470. 
Adamson, Capt. Robert, 371, 458, 

468, 471, 472, 474. 
Aith, Benjamin, 21. 
Albany, 33, 123. 
Albee, i William 149 163 1 6 9. 
Alby, J 

Lieut. William, 7, 235, 2G5. 
Allan, John, 170. 

Col. John, 7, 8, 9, 16, 45, 46, 55, 
67, 68, 74, 83, 84, 87, 92, 97, 98, 
109, 111, 126, 129,131, 133, 134, 
135, 186, 138, 139, 163, 166, 169, 
182, 183, 185, 186, 189, 209, 234, 
235, 236, 240, 242, 252, 253, 257, 
264, 265, 301, 353, 365, 395, 428. 
Tobias, 92. 
Allen, Jen., 21. 

William, 21, 92. 
Ambroise, 12, 64, 127. 
Ames, Moses, 175, 176, 260. 
Nathan. 17.~>. 
Stephen, 197. 
Amascoggin Kiver. 21 o. 219. 
Andover, 197, 213. 
Andrews. Elislia Jr., 156. 
Ephraim, 148, 149, 163. 
Israel, 149, 170. 
Israel 2nd, 149. 
Jared, 163. 
Timothy, 149, 163, 170. 



Andrews, continued. 

Timothy, 2nd, 149. 
Anerson, James, 185. 
Annapolis, 37, 67. 
Applewhite, Tamon, 217. 
Armstrong, Maj. John, 442, 466. 

Thomas, 182. 
Arundel, 229, 361. 
Ash, Reuben, 42. 

Thomas, 42. 
Astin, Hezekiah, 175. 

Hope, 175. 

Peter, 175. 

Capt. Henry, 359. 
Atkinson, Robert, 400. 
Augustian, 217. 
Auke Paque, 111. 
Ausong, Seard, 217. 
Austin, Benjamin, 188, 196. 

Averil' { Jose P h ' 149 ' i 63 ^, 17 °- 
Avery, Benjamin, 185. 

Lieut. James, 8, 9, 20, 37, 38, 44, 
49, 60, 68, 74, 98, 135, 253, 265, 
301, 345, 353. 

Mr. James, 459, 460. 

John, 8, 16, 24, 25, 26, 27, 29, 30, 
31, 32, 33, 36, 88, 42, 44, 45, 48, 
55, 56, 70, 71, 76, 82, 86, 87, 88, 
93, 99, 100, 112, 118, 118, 119, 
122, 123, 124, 125, 129, 130, 132, 
134, 136, 140, 157, 159, 160, 161, 
107, 178, 179, 184, 180, 190, 196, 
203, 220, 221, 222, 224, 226, 227, 
228, 283, 234, 237, 238, 240, 243, 
244, 245, 248, 252, 258, 255, 258, 
263, 264, 267, 268, 269, 270, 271, 
272, 281, 282, 283, 284, 287, 288, 
293, 296, 297, 302, 304, 305, 306, 
308, 309, 310, 816, 317, 319, 320, 
321, 324, 881, 338, 345, 356, 357, 
361, 862, 368, 371, 373, 374, 376, 
427, 437, 443, 449, 465, 467. 
Ayer, Jonathan, 197. 



B A in:, Peteb, 194. 
Babier, Capt. , 346. 



476 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Bachelder, continued. 

see also Batchelor. 
Bacon, Abnar, 182. 
Baggaduce, 1317, 401, 409, 

Baggorbagadoos, j 410. 

also called Majabagwaduce, 
which see. 
Baggaduce Point, 397. 

Baley ' } Rev - Jacob > 42 > 43 ' 362 - 
Baker, Joseph, 225. 

Capt. Joseph, 197, 222, 223. 

Samuel, 45, 378. 

Thomas Jr., 225. 

William, 57, 124. 

Zachariah, 208. 

Baldwin, Col. , 211, 307. 

Ball, Samuel, 42. 
Ballard, Benjamin, 197. 

John Jr., 198. 
Baptest, John, 111. 
Bararre, Job, 163. 
Barber, Nathaniel, 8, 358. 
Barclay, Andrew, 404. 
Barker, James, 143. 

James, 2nd, 143. 

Nathaniel, 331, 345. 
Barnard, William John, 197. 
Barns, John, 42. 
Barnstable, 359. 

County, 166. 
Barron, Ehsery, 197. 
Barrows, Benjamin, 82. 
Barry, Jonathan, 182. 
Bartrick, Cill., 7. 
Baston, Daniel, 82. 
Batchelder, ") 

Batcheldor, {■ Capt., 16, 184, 263. 
Batchelor, J 

Joseph Jr., 350. 

Samuel, 309, 337. 

see also Bachelder. 

Bates, Capt. , 274. 

Bay of Chaleur, 110, 362. 
Bayley, Benjamin, 40. 
Beal, Manwarring, 169, 170. 
Bean, Cleves, 400. 

James, 42. 

Lieut. John, 42. 

Samuel, 81. 
Beason, Sock, 218. 
Bell, Samuel, 81. 
Bennett, John, 70. 
Bergen, 420. 
Berry, Edward, 42, 183. 

John, 148, 164. 

Jonathan, 148. 

Westbrook, 148. 
Berwick, 97, 121, 122, 155, 253, 
254, 273, 274, 305. 



Beverly, 350, 358, 359. 
Bickford, Joshua, 42, 92. 
Biddeford, 204. 

Bishop, Capt. , 161. 

Black, Henry, 244. 
Blagdon, Charles, 217. 

Blake, Mr. , 353. 

Blassdel, Capt. Nicholas, 172, 173. 

Blunt, Ephriam, 197. 

Boardman, Jacob, 309, 337. 

Bodingham, 114. 

Bohanan, i T ,. 1 .„ 1on 

Bohannon,| Jonathan > 148 ' 183 - 

Bone, John, 94. 

Bonney, Capt. , 286. 

Joel, 169, 170. 
Boo, Patrick, 217. 
Bonthbay, 33, 36, 114, 290. 
Boston, 4, 9, 14, 21, 38, 40, 41, 43, 

54, 56, 57, 69, 87, 89, 102, 107, 
110, 112, 118, 121, 123, 125, 128, 
130, 133, 135, 140, 153, 154, 155, 
157, 160, 174, 177, 186, 187, 189, 
191, 194, 197, 198, 200, 213, 214, 
217, 219, 224, 226, 228, 236, 241, 
243, 246, 252, 253, 257, 273, 274, 
275, 276, 277, 308, 315, 323, 324, 
325, 331, 334, 335, 336, 345, 346, 
347, 348, 350, 352, 355, 358, 368, 
373, 402, 412, 414, 420, 422, 429, 
446, 449, 455, 456, 466, 467, 468, 
469. 

Bay, 424. 

Board of War, ) 3, 8, 20, 33, 38, 

War Office, / 39, 41, 42, 49, 

55, 56, 57, 60, 68, 69, 70, 84, 92, 
109, 112, 123, 125, 126, 129, 130, 
164, 165, 180, 189, 203, 236, 237, 
239, 253, 263, 282, 293, 297, 301, 
305, 310, 311, 312, 320, 322, 324, 
325, 326, 329, 330, 331, 333, 334, 
335, 336, 337, 338, 840, 342, 345, 
347, 348, 351, 353, 356, 360, 366, 
368, 369, 370, 371, 373, 374, 375, 
377, 378, 379, 380, 382, 383, 384, 
385, 386, 387, 402. 403, 404, 409, 
410, 412, 414, 422, 423, 426, 430, 
440, 445, 447, 450, 458, 459, 460, 
462, 463, 464, 465, 466, 467, 468, 
469, 471, 473. 

Castle Island, 342, 370, 380. 

Council Chamber, 8, 16, 38, 39, 
41, 43, 83, 117, 123, 124, 125, 
126, 129, 130, 134, 138, 140, 209, 
317, 318, 319, 320, 322, 323, 324, 
331, 343, 348, 349, 353, 354, 356, 
357, 358, 359, 360, 361, 368, 369, 
370, 371, 373, 374, 375, 378, 379, 
380, 381, 383, 384, 385, 386, 387, 
393, 402, 426, 486, 437, 442, 443. 



LNDEX 



477 



Boston, Council Chamber, contin- 
ued. 

444, 446, 448, 450, 458, 463, 464, 
465, 467, 469, 471, 472, 473. 

Hancock's Wharf, 371. 

Harbor, 361, 374, 380, 383, 460, 
474. 

Navy Board, 133, 138, 305, 316, 
323, 327, 320, 344, 346, 354, 355, 
356, 360, 378, 381, 382, 386, 387, 
393, 396, 444, 451, 455, 456, 459. 

Port of, 161, 305, 357, 359, 466, 
472, 473. 

Boudron, Capt. , 174. 

Bowdoinham, 114. 

Bowman, Jonathan, 146, 205, 206. 

Boxford, 214. 

Boylstone, Thomas, 259. 

Boynton, Amos, 148. 

Br , Ja., 198. 

Bracket, Jeames, 156. 

John, 156. 
Bracy, Joseph, 183. 
Bradbury, John, 76. 

Theop., 208, 239. 
Braddon, Icob., 42. 
Bradford, 213. 

Cornelius, 198, 357. 

Joshua, 198. 

Bradish, Major , 11, 428, 455, 

456, 466. 471. 

David, 463. 
Bradley, Abraham, 175. 

David, 217. 

Jeremiah, 212. 

John, 213. 

Timothy, 212. 
Brandon, Capt. , 48, 269, 270. 

Daniel, 152, 153. 

Klisha, 8. 

Joseph, 152, 153, 259, 286. 

Joshua, 369. 
Brenton, Andrew, 197. 
Brewer, Col. , 431. 

James, 443, 444. 
William, 401. 

Bridge, Nathaniel, 155, 178. 
Bridgton, 25, 77, 78, 70, 80. 
Bristol, 113. 
Broad Bay, 290, 318, 361. 

Brown, i Capt. , 286, 414, 480, 

Browne, ("431, 132, 433, 458, 464, 
47u. 

Capt. , 2nd, 430. 

Dr. , 450, 451, 466. 

Mr. , 463. 

Maj. Jacob, 860, 426, 445, 447, 
464. 

.lames, 170. 

Capt. James, 346, 361. 



Brown, continued. 

Jesse, 7, 182. 

John, 20, 294, 311, 312, 333, 336. 
342, 351, 412, 462, 467, 468, 469, 

Joseph, 197. 

Joshua, 149, 169. 

Lot, 16. 

Capt. Nathan, 351. 

Lieut. Philip, 396. 

Samuel, 198. 

T., 129, 130. 
Brvant, Bartholomew, 148. 

Davis, 169, 170. 

Jonathan, 205. 

Samuel, 164. 
Bryrne, James, 400. 

Buber, Capt. , 345. 

Buck, Col. , 295, 296. 

Mr. , 95, 106, 111. 

Jonathan, 244. 

Jonathan, Jr., 244. 

Moses, 175. 
Bucklin, Barak, 198. 
Bucknell, John, 175. 

John, Jr., 175. 

Simeon, 175. 
Burbean, James, 197. 
Burbec, \ Col. William, 336, 347, 
Burbeck, / 348, 370, 446, 450, 463, 

464, 465. 
Burgoyne, Gen. John, 15. 
Burk, \ Mr> 



-, 106, 111. 



Burke, J 

William, 143. 

Capt. William, 351, 430, 433, 458, 
464, 470. 
Burley, Josiah, 217. 
Burnam, ) m 

Burnum, J ' ' 

Samuel, 148, 149, 163. 
Burrell, Joseph, 59. 
Bursul, Ebenezer, 82. 
Bussel, Isaac, 217. 

Stephen, 217. 
Butler, , 256. 

Moses, 42. 

Moses, Jr., 42. 

Samuel, 156. 

Thomas, 156. 

William, 118. 



< 



Cabot, a ndbbw, 876. 

John, 376. 
Callahan, Charles, 146, 147, 159, 
160. 

Rebecca, L46, L47, 159, 160. 



478 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Camden, continued. 

Clam Cove, 395. 
Campbell, Aby, 92. 

Col. Alexander, 7, 163, 183, 298, 
299, 363, 364. 

Thomas, 244. 
Canada, 14, 37, 66, 110, 242, 243, 
251, 257, 364. 

Expedition, 154. 
Cape Ann, 311, 364. 
Cape Cod, 311, 359, 361. 
Cape Elizabeth, 17, 69, 70, 139, 140, 

253, 273, 301, 302. 
Cape Fear, 408. 
Cape Sable, 67. 
Cape Seblesara, 61. 
Capeissick, 208. 
Cargill, James, 40. 
Carll, Nathaniel, 10, 172, 255. 
Carlton, Edward, 175. 

Jonathan, 148, 170. 

Samuel, 401. 

Carnes, Capt. , 430, 431, 432, 

458, 464, 470. 
Carolina, 467, 472. 

see also North Carolina. 
Carpenter, Col. , 441. 

Ephraim, 213. 

Ezra, 175. 
Carver, Capt. John, 351. 

Natbaniel, 334. 
Casco Bay, 89, 144, 244, 248, 249, 

250, 319, 350, 359. 
Castle Island, 342, 370, 380. 
Catheart, Capt. John, 340, 341, 
342, 251, 430, 433, 458, 464, 470. 
Chadbourne, Benjamin, 254. 

Humphrey, 156. 

Humphrey Jr., 156. 

Humphrey 3d, 156. 

Joseph, 156. 

Joseph Jr., 156. 

Paul, 143. 

Simeon, 143, 156. 

Thomas, 156. 
Chamberlain, John, 197. 

William, 219. 
Chandler, Abiel, 213. 

David, 197. 

John, 212. 

Philemon, 197. 

River, 182. 
Chapman, Capt. Anthony, 29. 

Benjamin, 185. 

George, 400. 

Nathan, 184. 
Charles, Abner, 175. 

John, 175. 

Samuel, 175. 
Charlestown, 330. 



Chace:} E P hrai ^ 149 ' 170 - 

Ephraim Jr., 149. 

John, 213. 

Josiah, 156, 159. 
Chauncey, Charles, 156, 269, 271. 

Dr. Charles, 213. 
Chick, Aaron, 156. 
Chignecto, 362. 

Child, Thomas, 1, 2, 58, 59, 178. 
Christopher, Capt. Joseph, 326, 

327, 358. 
Clam Cove, 395. 
Clark: Benjamin, 42. 

James, 21, 42, 92, 183. 

John, 143. 

Lemuel, 42. 

Port, 362. 

Stephen, 42. 
Clarkson, John, 143. 
Cleford, William, 22. 
Clerk, Jo., 217. 
Cleveland, Stephen, 368. 
Clinton, Sir Henry, 420. 
Clouston, Thomas, 401. 
Cluff, Samuel, 143. 
Cobb, Capt. , 412, 413. 

Samuel, 261, 262. 
Cobbern, Jeremiah, 342, 343. 
Codman, Richard, 255. 
Coffin, Col. , 26. 

Isaac, 82. 

Joshua, 197. 

Simeon, 82. 

William, 212. 
Cogswell, Daniel, 217. 

Colbourn, Mr. . 354. 

Colbroth, Peter, 149, 169. 
Colburn, , 105. 

, Ensign, 218. 

Jeremiah, 217. 

William, 217. 
Colley, John Jr., 57, 59. 
Collier, Sir George, 187, 188, 244, 

407, 420. 
Collins, James, 352. 
Colman, Dudley, 214. 
Coniins, Francis, 182. 
Conant, Nathaniel, 143. 
Concord, N. EL, 211, 213, 214, 220. 
Conway, 213. 

Capt John, 468. 
Cook, Israel, 87. 

Coolbroth, Capt. , 362. 

Coos, 213. 

Copeland, Lieut. Joseph, 184. 

Cornwallis, 150, 167. 

Lord Charles, 408, 421. 
Coson, Samuel, 182. 
Cotton, Timothy, 432. 



INDEX 



479 



Counce, Samuel, 184. 
Cousins, Benjamin, 92. 

Capt. Nathaniel, 426, 427, 436. 
Cowly, Lieut. James Doane, 400. 
Coxhall, 47, 48, 82, 83, L36, 140, 141, 

142, 143, 208, 269, 270. 
Crage, John, 185. 

Samuel, 185. 

Moses, 217. 

Cranch, Mr. , 263. 

Cresey, Job, 143. 
Cress, Maj. , 55. 

Crok e r} Jolinil48 ' miT0 - 

Peleg, 40. 

Reuben, 148, 170. 
Croekit, Andrew, 259. 

i; 1 "^! John, 149,163. 
Crokon, J 

Crosby, Ebenezer, 185, 217. 

Capt. Nicholas, 174, 178, 184, 185, 

186. 

Simon, 244. 

Cross, Maj. — , 48. 

Messrs., 64. 

Daniel E., 176. 

Crouch, David, 198. 

Cumberland, 108, 123, 126, 150, 167, 

173. 

County, 8, 9, 22, 23, 25, 32, 39, 40, 

69, 72. 79, 113, 139, 140, 144, 

150, 164, 165, 107, 170,177, 195, 

206, 227, 228, 240, 247, 253, 201, 

265, 273, 283, 285, 296, 301, 307, 

308, 318, 366, 369, 377,437. 

Cunningham, Mr. , 330. 

James, L97, 225. 

John, 22. 

William, 22. 

Curtis. John, 176. 

Richard, 401. 

Samuel, 217. 

William, 148. 

Cushing, Brig. Charles, 118, 119, 

120, 121, 237, 290, 293, 296, 207, 

305, 310. 429. 

Nathan, 440, 470. 

Thomas, 8, 134,376, 385,387,439, 

440, HI. 

William, 40. 

(uits, Capt. , 412. 

Edward, 216, 262, 269, 271. 

Joseph, 258. 

Richard, 156. 

Col. Thomas, 25, 367. 



I» 



DAI/TOK, Ti:i-i BAM, 30'.!, 310, 387. 
Darnariscotta, 29, 133. 



Daua, Francis, 451. 

Samuel, 214. 

William, 214. 
Danielson, Timothy, 281. 
Darbo, Nathaniel, 183. 
Darby, Samuel, 156. 
Davis, Caleb, 381. 

Daniel, 196. 

Israel, 284. 

Job, 198. 

Col. Joshua, 346, 347, 348, 351, 
356, 357, 360, 391, 302, 394, 395, 
398, 453, 461, 468, 472. 

Moses, 22. 

Robert, 214. 

Samuel, 198. 

Dawes, Col. , 307. 

Day, Arthur, 217. 

Ebenezer, 175. 

John, 185. 

Moses, 175. 
Deake, George, 4, 273. 

Dean, Col. , 441. 

Deane, Rev. Samuel, 233. 
Decker, Joseph, 22. 
Deckey, William, 185. 
Deer Island, 90, 304, 363. 

Point, 342. 
De la Luzerne, Chevalier, 440. 

De La Motte, Rev. , 362, 365. 

De Lesdernier, L. F., 7, 15, 16, 61, 

62, 265. 
Derby, Capt. Elias Hasket, 349, 

376, 385, 388, 391. 
Devens, Mr. , 60. 

Anthony, 400. 

Richard, 325. 
Devons, Richard, 218, 404. 
Dillaway, Arthur, 148, 170. 

James, 148, 149, 1(14. 
Dinsmore, Asa, 205, 206. 

Thomas, 199, 202, 205, 206. 

Thomas, Jr., 205, 206. 
Dixey, John, 3. 
Dole,' Daniel, 10, 2.".:.. 

Donnell, James, 15(1. 

Thomas, 204. 
Dorman, Samuel, 143. 
I h irnan, Jabez, 182. 
Dow, Jonathan, 183. 

Downer, Dr. , 343, 355, 881. 

Downs, Ebenezer, 183. 

Reuben, 143. 
Doyne. Francis, 197, 225. 
Dresser, Jeremiah, 218. 

Jonat ban, 175. 
Drinkwater, I >avid, 334. 

Samuel, 33 1. 

DdSCOl, Samuel, 182. 
Drown, Anion, 1 13. 



480 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Dry Rock, 168. 
Duibesont, Joseph, 148. 
Dunham, Benjamin, 835. 
Durgan, Elijah, 213. 
Durgin, Abr., 8. 
Dyer, Lieut. Asa, 42. 

Jones, 148, 149. 

Reuben, 7, 62, 81, 99. 

E 

Eastern Bay, 168. 
Eastman, Amos, 213. 

Daniel, 82. 

Ebenezer, 212. 

Jeremiah, 82, 213. 

Job, 175. 

Joseph, 212. 

Moses, 212. 

Nathaniel, 213. 

Nehemiah, 275. 

Philip, 212. 

Richard, 175, 197. 
Eaton, William, 175. 
Eayres, John, 217. 
Eddy, Col. Jonathan, 81, 173. 
Edes, Josiah, 250. 
Edgcumb, 21, 22. 

Edmonds, \ Capt. John, 351, 399, 
Edmunds, J 431, 432, 433, 458, 

464. 
Edwards, Timothy, 16. 
Eldrage, Stephen, 281, 282. 

Ellio\} Danie1 ' 149 - 

Daniel, 2nd, 149. 

James, 1G9, 170. 
Emerson, Edward, 36. 
Emery, Japhet, 258. 

Jeremiah, 204. 

John, 244. 

Joseph, 175. 
Emons, John, 143. 

Samuel, 143. 
Encouiler, Pied, 218. 
England, 49, 09, 75, 94, 102, 122, 177, 
188, 242, 393, 416. 

William, 244. 
Erskine, William, 356, 368, 387. 
Essex County, 39, 40, 220, 224, 349, 

373, 384. 
Estaing, C. H. T. Count d', 67. 
Evans, David, 175. 

John, 175. 
Evers, David, 197. 

John, 197. 
Ewer, Nathaniel, 232. 



Fairfield, Daniel, 114. 



Fales, Capt. , 453. 

Fall, Trustiam, 156. 
Falmouth, 1, 9, 10, 11, 23, 27, 32, 39, 
57, 59, 69, 70, 112, 113, 139, 140, 
144, 146, 150, 164, 165, 167, 168, 
170, 171, 172, 177, 178, 199, 206, 
208, 221, 226, 228, 233, 238, 244, 
246, 247, 248, 249, 250, 253, 255, 
258, 261, 262, 263, 266, 273, 274, 
283, 284, 290, 297, 304, 306, 307, 
318, 319, 324, 330, 331, 336, 342, 
350, 359, 360, 361, 369, 377, 404, 
434, 443, 445, 448, 466. 
Harbor, 18, 39, 

North River, 10, 11, 17, 18, 24. 
Farell, Stephen, 156. 
Farington, ) Danip i 17* 
Farrington, / mn,e1 ' 17D - 
John, 175. 
Putnam, 175. 
Stephen, 175, 213. 

Farley, General , 282, 296, 807. 

Farnsworth, Jonas, 124, 149, 169, 

170, 173, 174. 
Farnum, Benjamin, 212. 
Ebenezer, 175. 
Ephraim Jr., 212. 
Joseph, 212. 

Farwell, , 197. 

Fenderson, Wallis, 170. 

Fessenden, Mr. , 281, 282. 

Ebenezer, 175. 
Field, Joseph, 57, 59. 
Fiket, Daniel, 182. 
Firnelld, Clement, 92. 
Fisher, Jabez, 196. 

Fiske, } Ma * Humphrey, 25. 

Isia'h, 350. 

John, 182. 
Fitts, Ebenezer, 148. 

Flarson, Capt. , 63. 

Fletcher, Samuel, 39, 41. 
Flinn, James, 169, 170. 
Fluent, Ezra, 143. 
Fogg, Stephen, 149, 170. 
Follet, Robert, 156. 
Forster, Thomas, 347, 348. 
Forts and Garrison, 8, 50, 67, 72, 
73, 109, 111, 166, 182, 189, 192, 
203, 804, 313, 417, 431, 438, 439, 
452, 464. 
Forts at Cape Elizabeth, 140. 

at Falmouth, 18, 140. 

at Machias, 8. 

at Machias Rhym, 67. 

at North River, 10, 11, 17, 19, 24. 

at Penobscot, 295. 

at St. Johns, 14, 66, 108. 

at Stony Point, 407. 



INDEX 



481 



Forts, continued. 

Cumberland, 108, 126, 173. 

Hancock, 18. 

Howe, 106. 
Fosdick, James, 434. 

p°^ j Benjamin, 164, 169, 170. 

Foster, Col. , 139. 

Asa, 197, 225. 

Benjamin, 9, 124, 137, 148, 149, 
163, 169. 

Benjamin Jr., 148, 149, 163. 

Benjamin. 3rd, 149. 

Ezekiel, 148. 

Ezekiel Jr., 148. 

Isaiah, 148. 

Jacob, 148, 149. 

John. 149. 169. 

John 2nd, 149. 

John Wooden, L48, 164. 

Robert, 135. 265. 

Wooden, 148, 163. 
Fowler, Abner, 213. 
Foxborough, 301, 302. 
France, 14, 15, 64, 65, 67, 75, 96, 

110, 333, 339, 341, 408, 422. 
Franklin, Benjamin, 37. 

Michall, 37, 72, 87. 106, 108, 111, 
127. 363. 
Freeman, Capt. , 345. 

Edward, 351. 

Enoch, 22, 23, 151, 274, 443, 445. 

Samuel, 16, 24. 25, 26, 27, 30, 31, 
32, 33, 59, 294, 443. 
Free Masons, 359. 
Freese, Isaac, 217. 
French, Letham, L'44. 
Frenchman's Bay, 38, 56, 80, 119, 

120, 277, 363. 
Friend, Samuel, 143. 
Frost, John, 63, 64, 367. 

Brig. John, 87, 157. 

William, 70, 112, 263, 293, 330. 
Frye, Jonai han, 197. 

Joseph, 175. 176, 222. 

Joseph .Jr., 175. 

Simon, so, 175, 260. 
Fryehurg, 25, 76, 77, 7s, 80, L75, 

L76, L86, 213. 222, 223, 260. 
Fulleson, Jacob, r.'7. 
Fulton, James, 29. 

John, 132, If,::. 
Fnrnass, Jonathan, L58, 228. 

G 

Gale, Benjamin, 213. 

David, 48. 
Gait, Andrew, 197. 

Patrick, 197. 



Gait, continued. 

Samuel, 197. 
Gardiner, \ and Underwood, Ales- 
Gardner, / sers., 120. 

David, 149. 

David Jr., 149, 169. 

David Jr., 2nd, 149. 

Elijah, 149, 169. 

Elijah, 2nd, 149. 

Henry, 82, 152, 177, 267, 286, 296, 
440, 444. 

Dr. Joseph, 369. 

Capt. Nicholas, 359. 

Dr. Sylvester, 200, 205. 

William, 200. 
Gascomb, William, 94. 
Gates, Gen. Horatio, 319, 422, 436, 

440, 441, 443, 446, 449, 450, 451, 
466. 

Gatesborough, 169. 

Gault, Andrew, 225. 

Gave, James, 82. 

George, 330. 

George III, 94, 367, 408, 409, 455. 

Georgetown, 113, 114, 115, 289, 292, 

359. 
Gerrish, Col. , 296. 

Joseph, 197, 214, 220, 223. 

Samuel, 156. 
Gerry, John, 449, 450, 462. 
Getchel, Benjamin, 148. 

Joseph, 148, 149, 163. 

Joseph Jr., 149, 163, 169, 170. 
Giles, Paul, 143. 
Gilkey, James, 259. 
Gill, Moses, 444, 459. 
Gilman, 1 Lieut. Andrew, 107, 127, 
Gillman, / 217, 218, 219, 245, 343, 

355. 
Gilpatrick, Martin, 183. 

Robert, 183. 

Thomas, 31, 32, 33, 113. 
(ilasier, Benj., 21. 92. 
Godfrey, Brig. Gen. , 428, 436, 

441, 446, 451. 

Godrey, Peter, 42. 

(ioldsborough, 178,see also Goulds- 
bo rough. 

(iooch, James, 149, .see also Gouch. 
Gooding, Capt. , 297. 

William. 208. 
Goodridge, John, 1 18. 
Goodwin, Col. Ichabod, 25, 271, 
272. 

James J P., 156. 

Jedidiah, 97. 
( roodwin, Jonathan, 1 13. 
Samuel Jr., 147. 

£°°K! n fS Joseph, 12. 
Googins, i ' 



82 



482 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Googings, continued. 

Rogers, 183. 

Thomas, 42, 94. 
Gordon, Abner, 197. 

Henry, 175. 

Hugh, 175. 

John, 198. 
Gorham, 199, 259, 265. 
Goss, Ebenezer Harden, 213. 

Gustavus Adolphus, 213. 
Gouch, Benjamin, 170. 

Benjamin Jr., 170. 

James, 170. 

see also Gooch. 
Gould, Ambrose,* 197. 
Gouldsborougb, \ 20, 21, 56, 57, 88, 
Goldsboro, J 91, 93, 178, 

214, 226, 233, 363, 368. 
Gowen, Patrick, 156. 

Stephen, 115, 116, 117, 189, 190. 

William, 115, 116, 117, 189, 190. 
Grace, James, 182. 
Graffam, John, 334. 
Grafferd, John, 57. 
Grafton, Pierce, 306. 
Grand, James, 156. 
Grant, Alexander, 143. 

Andrew, 244. 

Elisha, 217, 343. 

Ephraim, 244. 

Goodwin, 185. 

Joseph, 156. 

Samuel, 156. 

Silas, 143. 

William, 185. 
Gray, Bravarter, 197. 

Harrison, 152, 153, 177, 194, 195, 
259, 286. 

Henry, 217. 

Nehmiah, 143. 
Great Britain, 12, 17, 49, 66, 88, 95, 
97, 110, 122, 128, 132, 155, 304, 
312, 331, 340, 404, 406, 408. 
Great Ossipee River, 155, 191, 192. 
Green, Peter, 213. 
Greenland, 187. 

Sweet's Tavern, 136. 
Greenleaf, Benjamin, 117, 238, 244. 

William, 320, 371, 384. 
Gregory, William, 198. 
Griffith, Henry, 148. 
Gross, Reuben, 183. 
Groton, 214. 

Grover, Lieut. — — , 412. 
Groves, John, 198. 
Grow, Col. Edward, 25, 156, 158, 
178. 

William 156. 
Gubteal, 1 ., .. , ni 
Gubteail,} Ab, J ah ' 9L 



Gubteal, continued. 

John, 21, 91. 
Guilman, Lieut. , 107. 



H 

Haoker, Capt. Hoysted, 331, 
332, 334, 336, 379, 399, 401, 430, 
439, 445, 458, 464. 

Haddock, Mr. , 311. 

Roger, 400. 
Hairwa, Capt. Nicholas, 12. 
Hale, Enoch, 82. 

Halifax, 60, 66, 131, 146, 161, 203, 
239, 289, 290, 298, 321, 332, 339, 
340, 361, 397, 414, 416. 
Goal, 91, 94. 
Hall, Andrew, 57. 
David, 212. 
Ebenezer, 212, 213. 
Joseph, 197. 
Moses, 212. 
Capt. Nathaniel, 359. 
Stephen, 40, 245, 249, 259, 298. 
Hallet, Capt. Allen, 306, 311, 333 
334, 377, 430, 461, 470. 

Hallyburton, Capt. , 65. 

Hambelton, Henry, 156. 
Hamilton, Henry, 116, 117. 
Jonathan Jr., 156. 
Solomon, 156. 
Hammond, Archelous. 148. 
Hampton Falls, 328, 346. 
Hancock, John, 48, 263, 264, 267, 
268, 270, 271, 281, 283, 284, 287, 
288, 296, 297, 302, 304, 305, 306, 
307, 310, 316. 

Hanscomb, J A aron, 141, 149, 164. 
Hanscome, J 
Hanson, Aaron, 156. 

John, 21, 92. 
Hardison, Stephen, 156. 

Thomas, 156. 
Hardy, David, 175. 
Harlem, 421. 
Harmon, Benjamin, 82, 169, 170. 

Edward, 82. 

Naphtali, 82. 
Harper, Capt. William, 70, 164. 
Harrenden, N., 22. 
Harrington, Elisha, 285, 286. 
Harris, Capt. Samuel, 468. 
Harrod, Thomas, 197. 
Hart, Thomas, 432. 
Hartwell, James, 82. 
Harvard College, 154, 286. 
Harvis, John, 39. 
Haskell, Capt. Robert, 350, 359. 
Haslam, George, 183. 



LNDEX 



483 



Hasletine, 1 „„ „ ,„„ 

„ ,.. ' > Barns, 1 ib. 
Hasseltme, J 

Joshua, 176. 

Richard, 212. 
Hatch, Davis, 81, 32, 113. 

Jonathan, 166. 
Hathaway, Eleazer, 109, 170. 
Hathhorn. ) . , , , no 

Hathorn, } Alexander, 198. 

John, 198. 

Silas, Jr., 217. 
Haverhill, 213. 214, 220, 224- 
Hawes, Capt. Simeon, 359. 
Haycock, Ralph, 149, 170. 
Hayes, Jehd., 156. 

Ephm., 42. 
Haywood. Samuel, 176. 

Heath, Gen. . 240. 424. 

Hebherd, Israel, 82. 
Henderson, , 445. 

Nathaniel, 42. 

Stephen, 42. 

Hesmer, Maj. , 211. 

Hewes, Shubael, 325, 326, 347, 412, 
467, 469. 

Capt. Solomon, 471. 
Hicks, Andrew, 182. 

William, 182. 
Hidden, Capt. Robinson, 859. 
Hill, Maj. , 361. 

Benjamin, 400. 

Daniel. 148. 

Japheth, 148. 

Capt. Jeremiah, 319, 367, 368, 
388, 389, 413, 425, 435, 457, 461. 

John, 97, 254. 

Joseph. 149, 163. 

Obadiah, 148, 149, 164. 

Robert, 244. 

Samuel Jr., 148. 

Theodore, 149. 
Hilton, Nathaniel, 250. 



k,e y'}capt. 



Hiukley, T' ,415,432. 

Shubal, 183. 
Hiscock, Thomas, 1^5. 
Hoalms, Joseph, 163. 
Hobs, ! i , , r ,- 
Hobbs, i • , " s ' 1 ' 1 '' 15( '- 

Capt. Samuel. 389, 391. 

William, 335. 

Hoberte. Love, I 13. 
Bodgkins, Moses, 147. 

Philip, 274. 
Hodsdon, Thomas Jr., L56. 
Hoit, Daniel, L69, 170. 

rioiiis, 213. 

Holmes, 'apt. Alexander, 816, 317, 
361, 430, 481, 482, 458,464,470. 
Benjamin, 148. 



Holmes, continued. 

John, 149, 170. 

Joseph, 148. 163. 
Holt, Benjamin, 197. 

Daniel, 225. 

Nathan, 197. 

Stephen, 197. 
Holway, Ladwick, 164, 169. 
Homes, Joseph, 149. 
Hook, the, 426, see also Sandy 

Hook. 
Hoolbroock, William, 156. 
Hopkins, Capt. , 138. 

Mr. , 276, 279. 

Allen, 42, 183. 

Daniel, 30, 45. 

Samuel, 42. 
Hopkinton, 213. 
Horton, 156, 160. 
Hossom, John, 156. 

Hotchkins, , 277. 

Hovey, Dr. Ivory, 19, 22, 28, 30, 31, 
45, 119, 120. 121, 177, 273, 274, 
281, 282, 283. 

Howard, Lieut. Col. , 392, 401, 

421, 431, 483, 441, 452, 464. 

Daniel, 198. 

Capt. Daniel, 359. 

John, 149, 170. 
Howes, Daniel, 336. 
Hox, William, 197. 
Huniwell, Hugh, 144. 

Hunter, Maj. , 431, 433, 445, 

452, 453, 464. 
Huntington Bay, 452. 
Huntley, Jabez', 149, L69. 

Jabez, 2nd, 149. 
Husey, Abenor, 185. 
Huston, James, 113. 
Hutehins, Jonathan, 175, 176. 

Nathaniel, 176. 
Hutchinson, Col. , 211, 237. 



Iciiv Hill, 11. 

Ilslev, Daniel, 8, 11. 
Daniel C, 164, 165. 
Isaac, 177, 194, LOS. 

Indians, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15. ;:7. 44, 45, 
50, 52, 53, 61, 62, 63, til, 65, 66, 
67, 68, 72, 74, 87. 92, 04, 07, OS, 
90, 100, lol. 102, 103, KM, 105, 
L06, lo7, los, nut. no. in, 128, 
L35, 102, 202, 218, 236, 242, 243, 
261, 252, '2:,:,. 250, 257, 300,816, 

842, 343, 345, 862, 364, 865, 871, 
893, 395, 896, 398,899,404, 406, 
421, 442. 
see alsn under tribal names. 



484 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Alexander, 198. 



Indians, continued. 
Eastern, 7, 8. 

Ingalls, Mr. , 55. 

Ingles, Eleazer, 250. 

Ingraham, Capt. Joseph, 463, 466, 

467. 
Ipswich, 40. 
Ireland, 90, 364, 408. 
Ivers, Mr. , 335, 353. 



Jackson, Col. Henry, 444, 445, 
4*1, 447, 448, 449, 451, 452, 460, 
465, 467, 470, 471, 472, 473. 

Jonathan, 309, 337. 

Jacobs, , 305. 

Jameson, 
Jamison, 

Ebenezer, 198. 

Samuel, 114. 
Jarvis, Leonard, 4G3. 
Jellison, Benjamin, 42. 

Joseph, 42. 
Jenks, Jeremiah, 148. 
Jerseys, the, 424. 
Jewell, Samuel, 92. 
Johnson, Col, , 55. 

Benjamin, 197. 

Capt. James, 336, 351. 

Jonathan, 82. 

Jonathan Jr., 82. 

Josiah, 107. 

Noah, 197. 

Capt. Robert, 351, 358, 379, 399. 

Simeon, 217. 
Johnston, John, 42. 

Samuel, 42. 
Jones, , 170. 

Col. , 15. 

Abraham, 198. 

Lieut. Gen. D., 249, 250. 

Ichabod, 148. 

Jabez, 261. 

James, 198. 

John Coffin, 148, 309, 337. 

Nathan, 19, 22, 23, 30, 31, 45, 277, 
278, 279. 

Col. Nathan, 88, 89, 90, 91, 93, 
94, 118, 119, 120, 121. 
Jones, Pearson, 10, 172. 

Capt. Samuel, 361. 

Stephen, 9, 148, 163. 

Jonson, Capt. , 345. 

Johnston, Thomas, 113. 
Jordan, ") 

Jorden, I Benjamin, 19. 
Jordon, J 

Clement, 273. 

Lieut. Col. Howard, 433. 



Jordan, continued. 

Israel, 198. 

Joanna, 208. 

Capt. Joshua, 19. 

Melatiali, 42, 120. 

Lieut. Col. Nathaniel, 360, 389, 
408, 422, 431, 442, 445, 464. 

Samuel, 19, 20, 22, 23, 42, 183, 
274, 275, 276, 277, 280, 282, 283. 

Samuel Jr., 183, 273, 274, 277. 

Col. Tristrum, 304, 306, 367. 

Joseph, Francis, 128. 
Jugson, Benjamin, 182. 

Jonathan, 182. 

Jonathan Jr., 182. 

William, 182. 
Junkins, Samuel, 156. 



K 

Keang, Roger, 400. 
Keezer Pond, 223. 
Keezer River, 222. 
Kennebec, 133, 179, 187, 189, 352, 
357, 361, 

River, 187, 188, 200, 201, 203, 
327, 350, 358, 359, 364, 
Kent, Capt. - — , of the Dolphin, 
345. 

Capt. , of the Safety, 345. 

Pel eg, 351. 

William, 351. 
Keyes, Danforth, 197. 

Samuel, 244. 
Kilburn, John, 143. 
Kilgore, Benjamin, 176. 

Joseph, 176. 
Kilpatrick, Lloyd, 182. 
Kimball, Abraham, 213. 

Asa, 212. 

Caleb, 143. 
Kimbal, Heber, 143. 

Philip, 212. 

Phinehas, 214. 

Reuben, 213. 

Richard, 176. 

Thomas, 143. 

William, 176. 
Kingsbury, Jonathan, 255. 
Kinney, Samuel, 148. 
Kinsly, Samuel, 183. 
Kittery, 87, 155, 192, 215, 216, 257, 
258, 261, 272, 273, 275, 324, 366. 
Knight, Jonathan, 7, 182. 

Joseph, 176. 

Paul, 182. 

Stephen, 176. 

Knights, Capt. , 397. 

Knowles, Nathaniel, 182. 



INDEX 



485 



Knox, John, 225. 

William, 224. 
Kurns, Paul. 21. 



Lace, John. 92. 

La Fayette, Marie J. P. R. Y. G. 

du Marquis, 12. 
Laha, see Lapa. 
Laighton, Samuel, 22. 

Laha' } Capt " Samuel > 84T ' 3B1 ' 37L 
Lakin, Isaac, 197. 
Lambart, William, 37. 
Langdou, Timothy, 288, 294. 
Larrabee. Isaac, 148. 

Maj. Nathaniel, 360, 412, 445, 452, 
464. 
Larrbig, Stephen, 254. 
Lassell, Marthew, 143. 
Laughrigg, James, 217. 
Lawrence, John, 182. 

William, 335. 
Lebby, see Libby. 
Lee, , 349. 

Col., 8, 385. 

Maj. , 220. 

Le Featte, see La Fayette. 
Leighton, John, 248. 

Samuel, 258. 

Maj. Samuel, 25. 

Leivey, Col. , 218. 

Lemont, Joseph, 170. 
Leonard, Daniel, 42. 
Lewis, Mr. , 281. 

Joseph, 176. 

Morgan, IS. 

Capt. and Lieut. William, 261, 
271. 
Libby, ) 

Libbee, I , 182. 

Libcy, j 

Uenjamin, 42. 

Benjamin, Jr., 42. 

Chai l'-s. L56. 

Daniel, 106. 

David, 148, 169, 170. 

Ebenezer, L48, 150. 

George, 148. 

Jacob, 148. 

Jeremiah, 156. 

Joseph, 148, 14'.». 163. 

Josiah, 1 18. 

Josiah Jr.. 149, 170. 

Reuben, 148. 

Robert, 8. 

Samuel, 21, 92, 148. 

Sarah, 148. 

Thomas, 148, 182. 



Libby, continued. 
Timothy, 148. 

Lincoln County, 9, 21, 27, 31, 32, 
33, 40, 42, 45, 57, 112, 113, 118, 
119, 137, 146, 159, 199, 205, 226, 
229, 230, 23o, 237, 274, 275, 277, 
279, 282, 283, 284, 289, 291, 295, 
302, 305, 307, 308, 312, 313, 314, 

318, 343, 369, 437. 
Militia, 415. 

Lines, Daniel, 207. 

Dennis, 207. 

Elizabeth, 207, 208. 

Joseph, 207. 
Lithgow, Maj. , 395. 

William, 292. 

Litfcel, Capt. , 345, 

Little, Lieut. George, 400. 

Luther, 351. 
Little Ossipee River, 192. 
Little Swan Island, 202. 
Littlefield, Maj. Daniel, 25, 156, 
366, 388, 394, 399, 403, 412, 413, 
425, 434, 435, 457. 

Ebenezer, 156. 

Elisha, 143. 

Jeremiah, 3d., 156. 

John, 156. 

Lieut. Col. John, 25, 159. 

John Jr.. 150. 

Noah. M., 156. 

Solomon, 29. 
Livermore, Elijah, 155, 285, 286, 

288. 
Liverpool, 188, 214. 
Lombard, Richard,199, 277. 
Long Island. 452. 
Long Island Head, 342. 
Longfellow, David, L63. 

Jonathan, 148. 

Nathan, 148, 164. 
Lord, Caleb. L56. 

David, 156. 

Ebenezer, 156. 

Humphrey, 156. 

Joseph, L56. 

Nathan, 156. 

Simeon, 166. 

Wintworth, 156. 
Lottery, 267. 
Louisbourg, 1 1 1. 186. 
Lovejoy, Caleb, 197, 225. 

David, 1«»T, 225. 

Henry, l'.'T. :.'i I. 
i ■• ell, Gen. Solomon, 282, 318, 

319, 322, ■:s.;. 380, 382, 384, 339, 
840, 848, 858,354, 855, 360,870, 
871, 378, 879,381, 885, 886, 388, 

101, 408, 104, -lor. ii:,, 
115, U8, 119,420, 425,427,428, 



486 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Lovell, continued. 

429, 430, 431, 432, 433. 434, 436, 
437, 440, 441, 442, 443, 444, 445, 
440, 448, 449, 452. 455, 458, 459, 
463, 464, 465, 466, 469, 470, 471, 
472. 473. 
Lovering, Joseph, 412. 
Lovewell, John, 197. 

Nehemiah, 197. 
Low, Epheram, 82. 
John, 143. 
Samuel, 217. 
Thomas, 143. 

Lowder, Col. , 105, 127. 

Jonathan, 20, 203. 
Lowell, J., 11. 
Lowet, Isrel, 198. 
Lucas, John, 324. 333. 334, 338, 375, 

377, 459, 463. 
Ludwig, Capt. Jacob, 174. 
Lyon, James, 149, 164, 169, 170. 

M 

McCobb, James, 292, 315, 316, 317. 

Samuel, 292. 

Col. Samuel, 186, 189, 388, 390, 
394, 401, 425, 426, 427, 431, 433, 
434, 435, 445, 453, 457, 464. 

William, 114, 314. 
McConnil, Samuel, 197. 
McCordey, Robert, 244. 
McDonald, Donald, 164. 

James, 82. 
McFarland, James, 183. 

Capt. James, 42. 

Thomas, 183. 
McClathry, William, 334. 
McGuire, Patrick, 244. 
McHurd, James, 197, 214. 
Mcintosh, Alexander, 244. 
McKenzie, Eben, 217. 
McLallen, Joseph, 227. 
McLean. Francis, 404. 

Gen. Francis, 295, 408, 416. 

McLelan, , 390. 

McLellan, Capt. Arthur, 208, 330. 
McMahane. Tarance, 184. 
McNeal, John, 197. 
McPhetres, Archibald, 217. 
Maccarty, John, 250. 
Mace, Thomas, 198. 

Thomas, 2nd, 198. 
Machebiggaduce, see Majabwa- 

duce. 
Machias. 4, 6, 7, 8, 12, 21, 35, 37, 
38, 42, 44, 45, 46, 49, 60. 64, 65, 
67, 71, 75, 84, 85, 87, 91, 92, 93, 
94, 97. 98, 99, 106, 107, 124, 125, 
126, 130, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 



Machias, continued. 

138, 148, 149, 150, 161, 163, 166, 
168, 109, 174, 184, 185, 186, 187, 
235, 240, 242, 248, 250, 252, 255, 
265, 298, 299, 300, 301, 345, 353, 
362, 363. 
Dry Dock. 168. 
Eastern River, 168. 
Rhym, 67. 
Mackay, Mungo, 462, 463. 
Magebagaduce, see Majabagwa- 

duce. 
Magoon. John, 42. 
Mahew, Elisha, 169, 170. 
Mahoney, Patrick, 217. 
Maine, Province of, 154, 298, 307. 
Majabagwaduce, ) 86, 304,313,317, 
Machebiggaduce, V321, 330, 398, 
Magebagaduce, J 402, 403, 407, 
409, 410, 413, 414, 415, 419, 421, 
422, 425, 426, 427, 430, 431, 432, 
435, 438, 441, 442, 445, 447, 452, 
453, 455, 461, 463, 470. 
also called Baggaduce, which 
see. 
Hill, 304. 
Maiden, 352. 
Man, John, 197, 225. 
Manchester, John, 42. 
Manssell. Joseph, 217. 
Manufacturers. Salt, 29, 70, 71. 

Steel, 26. 
Marblehead, 305, 349, 384, 385, 440, 

442, 449, 462. 
Marisheetes, the, 94, 102, 105, 108. 
Marr, John, 245. 
Marsh, Cutting, 213. 
John, 240, 404.. 
Nathaniel, 214. 
Waldo, 208. 
Marshall, Joshua, 217. 
Marston, John, 407, 427, 429, 434, 

453, 464. 
Martha's Vineyard, 441, 442. 
Martin, ~\ 

Martain, j- Enoch, 208. 
Martyn, J 

Esther, 225, 226. 

Mrs. Esther, 206, 207, 208, 238. 

John Jr., 208. 

Capt. John, 206, 226, 244, 249, 

258, 358. 
Lewis, 143. 
Mary, 208. 
Capt. Richard, 129. 
Samuel, 143. 
William, 208. 
Maservy, Daniel, 163. 
Maskeigh, 363. 
Massachusetts Bay, 290. 



INDEX 



4^7 



Massachusetts Bav, State of, 1. 4, 
7, 8, 10, 16, 17, 20, 24, 25, 26, 
27,29, 80, 38, 38, 89. 41. 42. 44. 
45, 47, 55, 56, 57, 69, 74, 76, 80, 
81, 82, 85, 86, 87, 88, 93, 97, 98, 
101, 112, 115, US. 121. 123, 124, 
125, 129, 130, 131, 132. 138, 134, 
139, 140, 143, 144. 146, 149, 150, 
151, 154, 155, 157, 158, 159, 160, 
161, 165, 167, 168, 170. 171. 172. 
17.°.. 177. 179, 180, 182, 183, 184, 
185. 186, 189, 190, 191, 194, 198, 
199, 203, 204, 206, 207, 209, 2 In, 
214, 215, 218, 219, 220, 221. 222, 
22!. 225, 220, 227, 22S. 229. 282. 
288, 284, 285. 280. 289, 245, 246, 
247, 252. 258, 254. 25:.. 257, 258, 
259, 200. 261, 264, 265. 267, 268, 
270, 271, 272, 274, 281, 283, 284, 
285, 286, 288, 293, 296, 298, 301, 
302, 303, 305, 306, 308, 310, 312, 
316, 317, 319. 320, 322, 323, 324, 
325, 326, 328,330,331,335. 837. 
342, 344, 345, 347, 348, 350, 353, 
354, 356, 357, 358, 359, 360, 361, 
366, 367, 368, 389, 393, 402, 404, 
408, 422, 423. 426. 427, 437, 443, 
448, 464, 465, 467, 468, 469. 
Militia. 395. 

Master. Philip, 42. 

Mathers, .John, 198. 

Mathews, Capt. Edmond, 359. 
John, 8. 

Maxell, John, 254. 

Mayhew, Elisha. 149. 

M< ads, Benjamin, 229. 

Medals, 61, 62. 

Medoektie. 127. 

Meduncook Plantation, 198. 

Mcnotamy, 11. 

Merit, Daniel, 166. 

Merrel. John, 113. 
see also Merrill. 

Merriam, Matthew, 156. 

Morrill, Humphrey, 261, 262. 
James, 261, 262. 
Join,. 29, L13. 
Jonathan. 197. 212. 
Nathaniel, 80, 176. 

Merrimac River, 210, 224. 

Messer, French, 218. 

»rve, adjutant. — , ] 
Solomon, 148. 
Metcalf, Mr. — 
Mi> mars, the, 64, 65, 96, 97, 108, 

no, in, 127, 242, 362. 
Miller, Francis, l-i'.t, L64, 109, 170. 

Robert, L86. 
Milliken, Samuel, 4^, 120. 



Milliken, continued. 

Thomas, 183, 274, 275, 277, 278, 

280. 
Minas, Basin of, 73. 
Minot, James, 198. 
Mtspeeky, 4, 7. 

Mitchell, Capt. Daniel, 334, 858. 
French, 128. 
Col. Jonathan, 800, 388, 392, 394, 

401, 404, 412, 418. 414, 425. 426, 

427, 481. 432,433,434, 485, 445, 

452, 457, 464. 
Mohawk, Piel, 218. 
Monmouth. 421. 
Montagueso, Joseph, 217. 
Mi .oar, see Moore. 
Moody, Nathaniel Greene, 146, 

151. 
Moore, ) T ,_„ 

M,,.ar. f James, 179. 

John, 185. 

Joshua, 156. 

Robert, 197, 225. 

Samuel. 197. 

William, 156. 

Wvat, 179. 
More, Jeah, 183. 
Morrell, Barak, 254. 
Morris, James, 400. 
Moulton, Daniel, 29, 153, 154, 255, 
260. 

Joel, I3i). 

Johnson, 156. 

Brig. Jotham, 115, 116, 117, 190, 
259. 
Mount Desert, 363. 
Mowat, Capt. Henry, 150. 
Moxir, Francis, 218. 
Munson, John. 164. 

Joseph, 148, 149, 164. 

Joseph Jr.. 149, 164, 170. 

Robert, If. 4. 

Stephen, 149, 164, 170. 

Stephen, 2nd, 149. 
Murch, J. dm. 17''. 183. 
Murray, Rev. , 293, 420, 427. 

Das id, 88.. 

J. mat han. 2M_'. 

Samuel, 176. 

Mystic, 11. 



N 

N \nt\-ki-t. 369, 885, 414. 

Earbor, 849. 

Rhi d< . 811, 866, 888, 874. 
Manter, 422. 
Nantucket, 882, 889, 841, 848. 

Shoals, 442. 



488 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Narraquagus, 4, 7, 180, 181, 363, 

364. 

Nash, Capt. , 359. 

Mr., 281. 
Naskegg, 65, 396. 
Nasson, Joanna, 116, 190. 

Samuel, 116, 157, 189, 190, 259, 
260. 
Nepter, John, 241, 242. 
Neptune, Lewis, 128. 
New Bristol, 80, 93, 94. 
New England, 39, 115, 207, 261, 302, 

330. 
New Gloucester, 228. 
New Hampshire, 136, 157, 171, 

190, 211, 213, 220, 221, 224, 239, 

317, 344, 440. 
New York, 122, 167, 171, 206, 207, 

209, 225, 226, 238, 244, 248, 249, 

250, 258, 265, 266, 267, 298, 304, 

332, 339, 340, 397, 407, 420, 424 

426, 451, 452. 
Newark, 420, 424, 447 
Newburg, 86, 89, 214 
Newbury, 361 
Newburyport, 124, 131, 305, 308, 

309, 310, 852, 376, 379, 410, 

440 
Goal, 352 
Newcastle, 31, 114, 284, 285, 294, 

295 

Newcomb, Capt. , 426 

Newell, Capt. , 467, 472 

Newport, 132, 239, 267, 332, 339, 

340. 
Nichols, James, 217. 
Capt. William, 178. 
Nicholson, Capt. Samuel, 133. 
Nickels, John, 182. 
William, 92, 182. 
Nivins, James, 401. 
Noonan, James, 21, 92. 
Norcross, Jonathan, 147. 
Norridgewalk, 815. 
Indians, 315. 

North, Capt. , 8. 

Lord, 137. 
North Britain, 97. 
North Carolina, 408; see also Caro- 
lina. 
North Yarmouth, 40, 330, 331, 357, 

358. 
Norton, Seth, 7. 
Nova Scotia, 4, 15, 16, 43, 49, 60, 

65, 66, 106, 108, 137, 150, 167, 

187, 188, 214, 233, 234, 257, 267, 

281, 289, 298, 364. 
Nowell, John, 156. 
Maj. John, 25, 159. 
Jonathan, 82, 156. 



Nox, John, 197. 
Noyes, Eliphalet, 250. 

Joseph, 10, 69, 139, 140, 177, 194, 
253, 297. 

Capt. Joseph, 208, 209, 237, 369, 
404. 

Josiah, 194, 195, 228. 

Nathan, 261. 

Col. Peter, 140, 199. 

Samuel, 261, 262. 
Nye, Joseph, 350. 

Capt. Joseph, 358. 

O 

Oakman, Capt. Samuel, 237. 

ill u rian ' 1 Gideon, 148, 149, 163. 
O'Brien, J ' ' ' 

Jeremiah, 148, 149, 163. 

Jeremiah, Capt., 299. 

John, 149, 169, 170, 217. 

Joseph, 146, 169. 

Morris, 148, 149, 168. 

William, 149, 169, 170. 
Ogier, Abraham, 198. 
Old Town, 100. 

Olney, Capt. , 138. 

Orano, j 10Q m 241 
Orono, J ' ' 
Orne, Col. Azor, 349, 385. 
Osgood, Hannah, 212. 

James, 176. 

Samuel, 176. 
Ossipee River, 155, 191, 192. 



Paddock, Judah, 359. 
Page, Benjamin, 244. 

Samuel, 458, 459. 

Capt. John, 317. 
Palphrey, Thomas 400. 
Taque, 111. 
Parker, James, 176. 

John, 292. 

Jorden, 113, 292. 

Capt. Nathan, 357. 

Stephen, 85, 86, 148. 
Parks, Joseph, 335. 
Parry, Edward, 188, 189. 
Parsons, Isaac, 228. 

Timothy, 180, 189, 203, 287, 288, 
302, 303. 

William, 143. 

Partridge, j c t n 1Q n 

Partng, J r 

Thomas, 185. 
Passamaquoddy, 12, 14, 15, 37, 53, 
60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 85, 86, 127, 
128, 251, 257, 395. 






I MM X 



4sn 



Passamaquoddy, continued. 

Bay, 61. 

Indians, 05, 105, 128. 

Lake, 302, 365. 

River, 362. 

Pattee, Maj. , 426. 

Patten, Isaac, 183. 

William, 217. 

Pattinson, Mr. , 346. 

Peabody, Oliver, 40, 461. 
Peared, John, 400. 
Pennicook, 210, 224. 

Grantees, 220. 
Pennsylvania, 165, 172. 
Penobscot, 12, 13, 37, 65, 70, 86, 100, 
101, 107, 123, 127, 128, 178, 185, 

202, 203, 251, 290, 293, 295, 298, 
800, 304, 305, 306, 307, 308, 310, 
311, 312, 320, 321,322, 327, 381, 
332, 338, 340, 343, 344, 845, 352, 

354, 355, 361, 362, 364, 365, 367, 
869, 376, 377, 885, 386, 887, 388, 
389, 391, 392, 393, 394, 396, 897, 
404, 406, 407, 410, 412, 414, 416, 
418, 419, 422, 423, 424, 426, 427, 
428, 429, 436, 437, 440, 443, 444, 
445, 446, 447, 449, 450, 451, 452, 
458, 459, 460, 462, 466, 468, 470, 
471, 472, 473, 474. 

Bay, 290, 298. 

Expedition, 317, 318, 319, 820, 
323, 324, 325, 326, 327, 328, 330, 
334, 335, 336, 337, 338, 340, 343, 
344, 346, 348, 349, 351, 353, 354, 

355, 356, 860, 364, :im, 369, 370, 
371, 372, 373, 374, 375, 376, 377, 
378, 379, 380, 381, 382, 383, 884, 
385, 386, HS7, 389, 390, 393, 400, 
404, 410, 423, 436, 440, 447, 450, 
451, 459, 460, 463. 

Falls, 240. 

Indians, 12, 13, 65, 127, 185, 186, 

203, 242, 315, 322, 354, 385, 402, 
404. 

Old Town, 100. 

River, 13, 202, 217, 218, 240, 243, 
244, 245, 251, 290, 308, 809, 313, 
815, 817, 865, 371, 403, 470. 
Pepperrell, Andrew, 216. 

Sir William, 215, 229, 236. 
Pepperrell borough, 858. 
lv, Sam, Mary, 284, 285, 295. 
Samuel, 284. 

Perkins, Janus, 148. 

Capt. Thomas, 861. 
Persons, Richard, 42. 
Pette, Benjamin, 118, 149, 170. 
Philadelphia, 806. 
Phillips, Mr. , 268. 

Isaac, 462. 



Phillips, continued. 

Samuel, 197, 214, 220, 228. 
Rev. Samuel, 213. 
Phillipstown, 47. 
Phinney, Col. Edmund, 199, 227. 
Phips, 420. 

David, 154, 178. 
Pickering, John, 26, 55, 83, 86, 93, 
112, 113, 159, 160, 167, 178, 179, 
184, 190, 191, 196, 220, 221, 222. 
224, 226, 227, 288, 234, 237, 238, 
245, 248. 
Pilsbery, George, 400. 
Pineo, Jonathan, 149, 164, 169, 170. 
1'isiataqua River, 192. 
Pitts, John, 444, 445, 460. 
Pleasant River, 4, 7, 165, 166, 363. 
Plumer, Moses, 151. 
Plymouth, 161. 

County, 40. 
Pobadey, Joseph, 184. 
Pollard, Jonathan, 197. 
Capt. Peter, 112. 
Lieut. Peter, 400. 

Porter, Lieut. , 400. 

Portsmouth, 171, 239, 311. 

Potberry, Capt. , 393. 

Pote, ) 

Potte, [ Betty, 170, 171, 220, 239. 

Pots, j 

Jeremiah, 170, 220, 244. 
Potter, James, 29, 113. 
Powell, Jeremiah, 11, 88, 41, 55, 74, 
129, 131, 139, 209, 239, 257, 292, 
801, 316, 320, 328, 329, 346, 854, 
365, 871, 374, 395, 403, 415, 419, 
427, 446, 449, 451, 465, 466, 467, 
473. 
Powers, Walter, 82. 
Pownalborough, 9, 31, 32, 42, 48,, 
131, 132, 136, 146, 147, 159, 179, 
187, 199, 205, 208, 237, 287, 293, 
294, 295, 302, 308, 320. 
Pratt, Ezra, 217. 

William, 352. 
Pray, Joseph Jr., 156. 

Samuel Jr., 156. 
Preble, Abm., 292. 
Esaias, 156. 
Capt. Jedidiah, 117,128,, 124,244. 

Hon. Jedidiah, 208. 
Capt. John, 14, 66, 107, HI. 128, 
12!', 180, 181, L32, 2 10, 213,265, 
365, 396, 398. 
Nathaniel, 42, 81, 94. 
Samuel, 42. 
Prend, J. 8., 39. 

|, '' , ' s, " ,l < 1 David, M'.', L69, 170. 

Present I, J 

Oliver, 48, 55, 84, 99, 268. 



490 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 






Prime, Col. , 25, 269, 270. 

Joseph, 156. 
Providence, 122, 123, 367, 441, 443, 

446, 451, 452. 
Pudding Point Gut, 342, 880. 
Putnam, Bartholomew, 324. 

David, 400. 
P , B , 170. 

Q 

Quensyn, Capt. Jack, 13. 
Quint, Joshua, 156. 



R 



Rae, James, 183. 

John, 183. 
Randal, Elifalet, 156. 
Rawdon, Lord, Francis, 407. 
Rea, Capt. William, 129, 130, 131, 

132, 182. 
Redocks, Jonathan, 42. 

Reed, Col. , 263. 

David, 114. 

Samuel, 42. 

William, 124, 184. 
Rendal, Jeremiah, 156. 
Rennells, Samuel, 214. 
Restegaushe, 110. 
Revell, John, 400. 
Revere Col. Paul, 353, 377, 378, 381, 
885, 395, 398, 401, 411, 419, 431, 
433, 445, 452, 458, 464. 
Rhode Island, 26, 122, 305. 
Rhym, the, 67. 
Rice, William, 335. 

William Jr., 385. 
Rich, Samuel, 148, 163. 
Richardson, Daniel, 42. 

James, 301, 312. 

Peter, 149, 170. 

Thomas, 42, 197. 
Richmond, Gilbert, 441. 
Ricker, Joseph, 156. 

Joshua, 143. 

Moses, 156. 

Phinis, 143. 

Solomon, 143. 
Rideout, William, 172, 173. 
Rider, Capt, — , 281. 

Capt. Thomas, 861. 

David, 160, 161. 
Riggs, Stephen, 208. 
Rinds, Samuel, 57. 
Robbins, see Robins. 
Roberts, Ebenezer, 82. 

Edmund, 401. 

James, 97, 156. 



Roberts, continued. 

Jeremiah, 148. 

Joshua, 156. 

Samuel, 82. 
Robbins, \ Capt., 44, 98, 108, 228, 
Robins, / 248. 
Robinson, Arehd., 114. 

Haunce, 198, 306. 

John, 8, 198. 

Joseph, 198. 
Rogers, Capt. , 63. 

Robert, 254. 
Rolfe, Paul, 213. 
Ropes, Capt. Jonathan, 361. 
Ross, Capt. Alex., 351. 

Mrs. Barbara, 206, 207, 208, 225, 
226, 238. 

Barbara, 2nd, 208. 

Benjamin, 217. 

Mrs. Elizabeth, 249, 265, 266, 267, 

Elizabeth Tyng, 208. 

John, 208. 

Margaret, 208. 

Thomas, 206, 208, 226. 

William, 208. 
Rowell, David, 217. 
Ruff, Robert, 396. 
Russ, Thomas, 197. 
Russell, Jos., 329. 
Rust, Jonathan, 185. 

Joseph, 29. 



S 



Saco, 359. 

River, 154, 155, 191, 192, 222, 
St. Andrews, 61, 63. 
St. Georges, 290. 

Lower Town, 306. 
St. Johns, 13, 14, 16, 67, 71, 
107, 108, 127, 257, 362. 
Indians, 65, 74, 150, 242. 
River, 14, 37, 66, 74, 75, 81 
94, 95, 97, 98, 108, 106, 107, 
126, 127, 186, 256, 362. 
Salem, 89, 276, 305, 357, 359, 
368, 873, 376, 389, 391, 397, 
440, 442. 
Salt, 29, 71, 80. 
Salter, Capt. , 346, 410, 

431, 433, 458, 464. 
William, 42. 

Saltonstall, Capt. Dudley, 332, 
338, 339, 340, 344, 349, 351, 
355, 356, 360, 374, 383, 387, 

432, 433, 456, 459, 461, 464, 
467. 

Gib., 398, 402, 410, 431, 446, 
470. 
Samson, Melzar, 334. 



224. 



106, 



,87, 
108, 

361, 
410, 



430, 



386, 
353, 

392, 
466, 

458, 



INDEX 



491 



Samson, continued. 

Capt. Simeon, 160. 

Sanborn, Enoch, 48. 

John, 169, L70. 
Sandwich, 350. 
Sandy Hook, 393, 426. 
Sands, .hunt's. 143. 
Sanford, 47, 48, 82, 83, 115, 116, 136, 
140, 141, 142, 143. 157, 189, 190, 
213, 268, 269, 270. 

Iron Works, 115, 117. 
Saratoga, 330. 
Sargant, Demand, 185. 

Elias, 82. 

William, 21. 
Savage. Samuel Phips, 85, 180, 189, 
204, i»'i:;. 301, 325, 326, 329, 330, 
838, 342, 347, 348, 351. 375, 307, 
423, 469. 
Sawco. 359, see also Saco. 
Sawyer. Maj. , 418. 

Ezekiel, 171. 

John, 7. 

Samuel, 156. 

Capt. Samuel, 412, 436. 
Sayward, James, 183. 
Scarborough, 144. 
Scott, George, 148. 

Capt. John, 173, 171. 

Jno., 148. 

Samuel, 148. 163. 

Samuel Jr., 170. 

Silvanus, 148, 149, 164. 

Sears, Col. , 403. 

Seater, George, 156. 
Sebaris. Little, 217. 
Sellers, John, 400. 
i. William, 26. 
Sevev, George, 148, 149, 163. 

Joseph, 148, I'll. 

Silvanus, 164, 169, 170. 
Bewail, Da '. 216, 229, 236. 

David. 117. 136, 172. 

Dummer, 11 1, 1 15. 

.lose | ih. 156, 255. 

Nicholas, 116. 156, 190, 236. 
Sexton, .Mr. — . 26. 
Shannon, Janus Noble, 149, 150, 
163, 167. L69, L70. 

William, l 19, 169, 170. 
Shapleigh, Maj. Nicholas, 192. 
Sha pley, Maj. John, 25. 
Sharp, Rob< rl . L63. 
Shaw, Benjamin, 40. 

Francis, 54, 56, 57. r,*, 84. 

Krainis Jr., 21 1, :!•-'<;, 288. 

Kh.. 92. 

Samuel, 1 19, L64, L69. 

William, 21, 92. 

W. Jr., 92. 



Sheepscot, 133, 138, 861, 362. 

River, 131, 132, 138. 
Sherburn, 184. 
Shirley, Edward, 176. 
Shorey, Jacob, 156. 

Jeames, 156. 
Simonton, James, 198. 

William, 198. 
Simpson, Ebenezer, 156. 

Joseph, 16, 55, 71, 125, 136, 204, 
216, 229, 236, 281. 

Joseph 3d, 156. 

Paul, 42. 
Slater, Benjamin, 401. 
Sloan, Volintine, 82. 
Small, Daniel, 182. 

Ebenezer, 182. 

Elisha, 182. 

Francis, 192. 

John, 182. 

John Jr., 182. 

Joseph, 182. 

Samuel, 192. 
Smart, Caleb, 213. 
Smith, Arch., 82. 

Ebenezer, 183. 

Elisha, 143. 

Elisha Jr., 143. 

Henry, 82. 

Jabez, 396. 

Capt. James, 359. 

Jonathan, 7. 

Nathaniel, 183. 

Nicholas, 204. 

Pascal M., 463. 

Rachel, 852. 

Simeon, 335. 

Stephen, 250. 

Capt. Stephen, 20, 52, 53, 60, 61, 
63, 68, 81, 84, 92, 125, 126, 129, 
149, 164, 169, 170, 252, 255. 

William, 198. 

Lieut. William, 184. 
Snow, Elisha, 198. 

Capt. Frank, 359. 
Somersworth, 157, 158, 190. 

Somes, Capt. , 364. 

Southwick, Solomon, 123. 

Speakman, Capt. Gilbert W., 377, 

380, 412, 419, his. 
Spear, Da\ id, 820. 
Spinney, Nicholas, 258. 
Spooner, Walter, 296,805, 808,810, 

880, 881, in, 170. 
Sprague, Abioi. lis. 

Abid Jr., i is. 

James, 149, 170. 

Jonal ban, 83 ' 

/••rah, 188. 

Spring, Thomas, L08. 



492 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Springer, JoIid, 42. 
Springfield, 867. 
Stackpole, Josiah, 401. 
Stafford County, 171. 
Stanyan, John, 82. 
Staples, Josiah, 156. 
Starbourd, John, 177, 194, 195. 
Staten Island, 420. 
Stearns, Edmund, 7. 
Steel, 26. 

William, 176. 
Stephens, Benjamin, 143. 
Sterns, Isaac, 197. 
Stevens, Aaron, 212. 

Anna, 214. 

Benjamin, 156. 

David, 82. 

Edmund, 166. 

John, 176. 

Jonathan, 7, 183. 

Moses, 82. 
Stewart, Samuel, 148. 
Stiekney, Jonathan, 213. 

Thomas, 212, 
Stillman, George, 170. 

Maj. George, 13, 15, 46, 63, 106, 
135, 163, 169, 182, 184, 187, 189, 
228, 248, 299. 
Stimpson, David, 42. 
Stinson, Stephen, 143. 
Stirling, Maj. Gen. Lord, 420, 424, 

447, 451. 
Stone, Benjamin, 148. 

Daniel, 148, 149, 164. 

Gidon, 143. 

Capt. John, 236. 
Stone, Lieut. Col. Jonathan, 25. 

Solomon, 148, 149, 164. 
Stony Point, 407. 

Storer, Capt. , 464. 

Woodbury, 415. 
Storrs, Lemuel, 123. 

J* 01 * V Lieut. , 

Storey, j 

Nehemiah, 400. 

William, 356. 
Stratford County, 157, 190. 
Straw, Jonathan, Jr., 213. 
Strout, Capt. Daniel, 19. 

George, 273. 

Jeremiah, 182. 

Joseph, 182. 

Thomas, 182. 
Struthers, Robert, 97, 121, 122. 
Stubbs, Richard, 57. 
Studholm, Maj., 13, 37, 72, 362. 
Sudbury, 335. 

Canada, 219. 
Suffolk County, 8, 89, 40, 120, 121, 
177, 249, 280, 301, 319, 320, 325, 



458. 



Suffolk County, continued. 

370, 371, 384, 467, 468, 472. 
Sullivan, Maj. -Gen. , 123. 

Capt. Daniel, 38, 41, 42, 55, 56, 
81, 94, 453. 

James, 191, 194. 
Suncook, 197. 
Susquahanah, 256. 
Sutan, J., 92. 
Swainson, Robert, 143. 
Swan, Caleb, 176. 

Island, 200, 202, 205, 208. 

James, 131, 132, 133, 176. 
Sweat, Moses, 143. 
Sweet, Mr. — , 136. 

John, 163. 



T 



Talbot, Peter, 163, 164, 170. 
Tarbox, Ezekiel, 334. 
Tarr, Nathaniel, 217. 

Taylor, Dr. , 270. 

Tebets, Moses, 82. 

see also Tibbets. 
Tever, William, 264, 266. 
Thayer, Mr. , 112. 

Ebenezer, 2. 

Capt. Ebenezer T., 401. 

Ziphion, 2, 4. 
Thomas, Capt. Thomas, 309, 337, 
351, 410. 430, 433, 458, 464, 470. 

Lieut. William, 400. 
Thomaston, 198. 
Thomas Town, 138. 
Thompson, Brigadier , 343. 

Benjamin, 197, 213. 

George, 149, 169. 

John, 82. 

Joseph, 82. 

Phinehas, 48. 

Brig. Samuel, 361. 
Thorndike, Paul, 198. 

Robert, 198. 
Thrasher, Joseph, 261, 262. 
Thwing, Nathaniel, 146, 147, 159, 

160, 326. 
Tibbets, Daniel, 21. 

Ebenezer, 156. 

Nathaniel, 92. 

William, 21. 

see also Tebets. 
Tileston, John, 326, 462, 463. 
Tinker, John, 42. 
Tinkham, Joseph, 187, 188, 189. 
Titcomb, Brigadier , 87. 

Moses, 304. 
Titwood, Benjamin, 255. 

Toby, Col. , 83. 

Todd, Maj. William, 461. 



INDEX 



493 



Toleraan, J., 198. 

Tomma, Pier, 12, 13, 72, 111, 126, 

127. 
Topsham, 27, 29, 112, 113, 229. 
Toupe, Uaddeus, 170. 
Tower, Asahel, 335. 

Levi, 334. 
Towns, Ebenezer, 156. 
Townsend, 187, 332, 333, 336, 388, 
340, 343, 344, 35."), 309, 388, 389, 
390, 397, 414, 447, 458, 405, 4(36, 
468, 470, 471, 473. 
Township No. Four, 4, 183. 

No. Two, 93. 
Tracy, Christopher, 92. 

Jeremiah, 183. 

John. 131, 132, 133, 309. 

Jonathan, 21, 92. 

Jonathan Jr., 91. 

Nathaniel, 309, 337. 
Trask, Solomon, 22. 
Trippe, Benjamin, 143. 
Truro. 359. 
Trust, Capt. Samuel, 400. 

Tryon, Gen. , 421. 

Tucker, John, 156. 

Josiah, 183. 
Tufts, Francis, 29. 
Tupper, William, 19, 20, 23, 31, 45, 
119, 120, 121, 149, 164, 169, 278, 
279. 
Turner, Isaac, 184. 

Capt. Simeon, 114, 334. 
Turtle. Josiah, 197. 
Tyler, Col. , 392, 394. 

John S., 323, 324, 334. 

Moses. 225. 

Samuel, 197. 
Tvng, William, 177, 194, 195, 244, 
249, 258, 265. 

Mrs. William, 249, 258. 

u 

I \ DKBWOOD, -Ion v, 148, 177. 
I i pt. John, 277. 282, 283. 

Union River, li'. 20, 23, 183, 274, 
275, 276, 363. 

United States, 17,39,41, 44, 64.65, 
69, 72, 95, 97, 98, l3o, L82, 135, 
150, 155, 161, 100, 1(37, 180, 182, 
18:;, 239, 240, 265,281,286,297, 
807, 320, 380 381, 388, 389,841, 
844, 852, 371, 373, 874, 404, 407, 
in'.'. 428, 486. 

rjrin, John, 94. 

I'ssatt, 179. 



V \ i.i \.\ FOBGB, 270. 



Varney, Francis, 143. 

Vasselhorough, 114. 

Vernon, William, 133, 316, 318, 328, 
329, 344, 345, 396, 450. 

Vessels, 80, 81, 86, 89, 90, 119, 131, 
13:?. 188, 139, 1(13, 105, 166, 167, 
181, 182, 198, 202, 203, 209, 226, 
238, 239, 243, 244, 245, 251, 252, 

275, 276, 282, 283, 290, 297, 304, 
305, 806, 309, 311, 312, 314, 316, 
317. 318, 323, 327, 329, 330, 332, 
333. 337, 338, 839, 342, 344, 345, 
347, 348, 350, 352, 353, 854, 356, 
357, 358, 359, 360, 361, 362, 363, 
364, 368. 372, 876, 377, 378, 379, 
381, 382, 383, 384, 386, 387, 388, 
391, 393, 396, 397, 398, 400, 402, 
407, 409, 410, 414, 416, 417, 420, 
421, 424. 420, 430, 432, 434, 438, 
440. 442, 445, 446, 448, 451, 452, 
453, 455, 458, 459, 461, 462, 463, 
464, 467, 471, 472, 473, 474. 

Vessels. 

Active, the, 327, 331, 836, 339, 

340, 355, 379, 400. 461, 462. 
Advance, the. 119, 120, 121, 274, 

276, 279, 282, 283. 
Albany, the, 67, 127. 
Argo, the, 441. 
Bethiah, the, 345. 

Black Prince, the, 325, 349, 351, 
373. 376, 385, 397, 401, 438. 

Blond, the, 308, 312, 407, 428, 445. 

Charming Polly, the, 317. 

Charming Sally, the, 316, 368. 

C. T. Tally, the, 351. 

Clinton, the, 326, 412. 

Columba, the, 407. 

Continental Frigate, the, 318 

Daphne, the, 407, 423. 

Dean, the, 133, 138. 

Defense, the, 351, 401. 

Delaware, the, 393, 407, 423. 

Diligent, the, 310,327,355,390, 
414, 410. 

Dolphin, the, 208, 345, 350, 358. 

Dove, the, 359, 361. 

Driver, the. 350, 359. 

Elizaheth, the, 161. 

Fame, the, 389, 391. 

Freemason, the, 244. 

Gage, the, 61, 64, 65, 07, LSI, L32. 

General Putnam, the, 319, 320, 
325, 317, 348, 351,863,866,370, 
371, 374, 382, 383, 385, 386, 400, 
488. 

Gruel, the, 187. 

Bamden, the, 328, 348, 401, 438. 

Bannah, the, 851, 360. 

Barry, the, 859, 



494 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Vessels, continued. 

Hazard, the, 138, 160, 161, 252, 

332, 338, 340, 351, 400, 432. 
Hector, the, 325, 349, 351, 373, 

376, 385, 400, 438. 
Hope, the, 308, 312. 
Howe, the, 61, 63, 64, 65, 67, 131, 

132. 
Hunter, the, 324, 349, 351, 373. 

385, 389, 400, 438. 
Industry, the. 845. 
Kingfisher, the, 281. 
Liverpool, the, 214. 
Marisheete, the, 7, 12, 37, 44, 49, 

54, 60, 61, 62, 63, 67, 68, 71, 86, 

96, 98, 99, 107, 126, 128, 129, 

130, 131, 135, 139. 
Mars, the, 460. 
Mary, the, 361. 
Milford, the, 187, 188, 312. 
Molly, the, 361. 
Monmouth, the, 309, 351, 400, 

438, 458. 
Nan, the, 40. 
Nancy, the, 40. 
Neashquowait, the, 252, 255, 256, 

345. 
Olive, the, 330, 358. 
Pallas, the, 309, 351, 379, 401, 

462. 
Phoenix, the, 359. 
Pigon, the, 345. 
Pilgrim, the, 367, 368. 
Polly, the, 358, 359, 361. 
Providence, the, 316, 327, 331, 

334, 336, 337, 355, 377, 379. 
Putnam, the, 400, 438. 
Rachel, the, 361. 
Rainbow, the, 137, 161, 187, 188. 
Raiso nable, the, 244, 407. 
Ranger, the, 362. 
Renown, the, 458, 466, 468, 472. 
Resolution, the, 831. 
Rising Empire, the, 450, 463. 
Romulus, the, 407, 423. 
Safety, the, 345. 
Sally, the, 129, 130, 356, 387, 394, 

397, 398, 399, 400, 438. 
Samuel, the, 335, 346. 
Scarboro, the, 67. 
Sky Rocket, the, 309, 351, 400, 

438. 
Terrible, the, 357, 466, 468. 
Three Friends, the, 361. 
True Blue, the, 131, 132. 
Tryal, the, 362. 
Tyrannicide, the, 332, 839, 340, 

351, 401. 

S^fMthe, 346, 359. 
Unity, J 



Vessels, continued. 
Vengance, the, 309, 851, 438. 
Warren, the, 138, 816, 323, 328, 
332, 338, 340, 344, 354, 360, 382, 
383, 386, 398, 401, 409, 428, 480, 
431, 438, 445, 455, 461, 470. 
Wasp, the, 304. 
Vincent, Louis, 442. 
Vineyard Sound, 332, 339, 341. 
Virgin, Ebenezer, 213. 
Virginia, 90. 

W 

Wade, , 305. 

Wadsworth, Gen. Peleg, 378, 394, 
399. 401, 403, 417, 431, 432, 433, 
4.')2, 463, 464. 
Waiscutt, John, 184. 

Waite, John, 307. 

Stephen, 10, 172. 
Waldo, Francis, 58, 59. 

John Erving, 246, 247. 

Lucy, 246, 247. 

Sally, 246, 247. 

Brig.-Gen. Samuel, 246, 247. 

Samuel Jr., 246, 247. 

Mrs. Sarah, 246, 247, 248. 
Waldoborough, 290, 357. 
Walker, Charles, 212. 

Ezekiel, 176. 

Isaac, 176. 

James, 212. 

John, 92, 176. 

Joseph Jr., 176. 

Joseph, 3rd., 176. 

Nathaniel, 176. 

Paul, 212. 

Samuel, 176. 

Rev. Timothy, 212, 219, 220. 

Timothy Jr., 210, 211, 212. 

Timothy, 3rd, 213. 

Timothy, of Conway, 213. 
Wallass, Joseph Jr., 182. 
Waller, Joseph, 7. 
Walles, Benjamin, 182. 
Wallingford, Ebenezer, 157, 158, 
171, 172, 190, 191. 

Mary, 157, 158, 190, 191. 
Wallis, Joseph, 182. 
Walpool, 449. 
Waltham, 155. 
Wamouth, Moses, 156. 
Wampum, 12, 13, 20, 61, 64, 241, 

242, 243, 256, 342, 362. 
Wand, Benjamin, 42. 
Ward, Gen. Artemas, 268, 378, 385, 

387, 393. 
Warren, James, 97, 254, 328, 329, 
344, 345, 456. 



INDEX 



495 



Warren, continued. 

James Jr., 84. 

Nathaniel. 8. 
Warters, William, 42. 
Washburn, Maj. , 263. 

Isaac. V.i*. 
Washington, George, 10, 11, 16, 

423, 424. 447, 451. 
Waterhouse, Enoch, 149, 103. 

Maj. Samuel, 25. 
Waters, Capt. Daniel, 347, 348, 349, 
351, 366, 382, 383, 385, 414, 430, 
4:;:'.. 458, 464, 470. 
Watertown, 30, 153. 
Watts, David, 182. 

Henry, 149, 104, 169. 
Watts, John, 149, 164. 

Samuel, 57, 59, 182. 

Samuel Jr., 182. 
Wealch, Jonathan, 156. 
Weare, Mesheeh, 328, 344, 346, 438. 
Weatheran, Benjamin, 185. 
Weaver, William, 185. 
Webb, John, 468, 469. 

Seth, 218. 
Webber, Ezekiel, 143. 

Joseph, 114. 
Webster, Conath. 214. 

Jonathan. 197, 220, 223. 
Weeks, Samuel, 268, 272. 
Welch, Benj., 42. 
Welcome, William, 250. 
Wells, 20, 29, 155, 254, 318, 324, 331, 
336, 369, 377, 379, 380. 

Rev. Daniel, 26. 

Capt. Ephm., 123. 

Nat hi., 254. 
Welsh, Capt., 398, 401, 402, 415. 

Wenshel, Lieut. Job, 366. 

Wentworth, Timothy, 156. 
Wescott, Klisha, 42. 
West Indies, 180, 306. 

Jahez, 109, 170. 

Judah, 42. 

Capt. Nathaniel, 73, 74, 81, 174, 
351, 397, 431, 432, 433,458,464, 
470. 
West Point, 423, 421. 
Westell-, r, 180. 

Weston, Josiah, 182. 

Paul, 1 i::. 
Westsouthweigig, 804. 
Wheeler, Benjamin, 244. 
Wheehf right, Aaron, 156. 

Daniel .Jr., 156. 

John, 254. 
Whiland, John, L48. 
Whipple, Dr. - , 486. 
Whitaker, William, 1 19, 120. 
White, Benjamin, 1 18, 198. 



White, continued. 

John, 143, 197, 225. 

Maj. Samuel, 374, 380. 

Tilli, 42. 
Whitham, James, 176. 
Whitman John, 358. 
Whitmore, Capt. John, 352, 357. 

Stephen, 114. 
Whitney, Col. , 286. 

Mr. , 184. 

Joel, 7, 182, 331. 
Whitteker, William, 94. 
Whittemore, Aaron, 197, 225. 

Abraham, 114. 

John, 197. 
Whitten, Phineas, 7. 
Whitters, Humphrey. 143. 
Wier, see Wyre. 
AVigSlesvvorth, Col. Edward, 30, 

' 172, 173, 284. 
Willard, Samuel, 82. 
Wiley, Benjamin, 176. 

William, 176. 
Wiley's Point, 391. 
Will, Ichabod, 182. 
Williams, George, 397. 

Capt. George, 252, 325, 333. 

John, 42, 92. 

John Foster, 338, 340, 341, 842, 
351. 

Leonard, 285, 286, 288. 

Capt. Samuel, 376, 410, 430, 433, 
458, 464, 470. 

Thomas, 82. 
Wilson, Capt. Joseph, 7, 166. 

Michael, 255. 

Winn, , adjutant, 392. 

Winthrop, Samuel, 40, 177. 
Wiscasset, 312. 

Point, 137. 
Wite, Charles, 143. 
Wood, Mr. , 16. 

Aaron, 204. 

Abiel, 136, 187, 188, 189, 302, 803. 

Daniel, 197. 
Woodman, Benjamin, 21, 92. 

John, 21. 
Woodruff, Jonathan, 148. 
Woodward, Simeon, 7, 136, 187, 
187, 189. 

Capt. Smith, 358. 
Woolwich, 111. 
Worster, Luke, 57. 

Oliver, 42. 
Wright, Daniel. 21. 

Wyatt, Capt. Witham, 825. 
Wyer, i Mrs. Joanna, L67, 168, 221, 

Wier, ( 222, 239. 

Capt. Thomas, L67, 211, 249. 258, 
204. 20:., 200, 267. 



496 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Wyley, \ , , „ f . 1 , fn York, continued. 

Wyllie, J Jonn ' d01 ' * uu ' 260, 271, 272, 273, 274, 287, 318, 

369, 379, 437. 

Y County Militia, 418. 

York, Capt. William, 830, 331, 358. 

Yarmouth, 160, 335, 359. Young, Capt. , 214, 345. 

Yea ton, Philip, 156. Ephraim, 21. 

Richard, 143. George, 198. 

York, 70, 76, 125, 152, 153, 155, 157, Jonathan, 91, 92. 

158, 178, 190, 204, 236, 254, 255, Noah, 21, 92. 

259. Stephen, 149, 164, 169. 

County, 24, 25, 47, 76, 78, 83, 97, Timothy, 169, 170. 

115, 117, 121, 125, 151, 152, 153, William, 198. 
154, 155, 158, 159, 171, 172, 186, 

189, 190, 191, 204, 229, 236, 259, , George, 244. 



This Index was made by Mr. Edward Denham, of New Bedford, Mass. — J. P. B. 



AA 000 525 264 



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