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Full text of "Documentary history of the state of Maine .."

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UNIVERSITY OFC NIA 

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Portland. Maine 



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Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2008 with funding from 

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http://www.archive.org/details/documentaryhisto17main 



COLLECTIONS 

OF THE 

MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

SECOND SERIES 



DOCUMENTARY 

HISTORY OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



VOL. XVII 



CONTAINING 



THE BAXTER MANUSCKIPTS 



EDITED 



By JAMES PHINNEY BAXTER, A. M., Litt. D. 



PUBLISHED BY THE MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY, AIDED BY 
APPUOPKIATION8 FROM THE STATE 



PORT LAND 

LEFAVOR-TOWER COMPANY 

19 13 



f^^vtun or r> 

Copyright 19 IS 
By the Maink IIistouical Society 



Fkehs uf 
ll.kavob-towku compa.vv, portla.nh 



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v.i-/ 



PREFACE 



TO again resume the publication of tlie Doeumcntarv 
Historv of Maine, though a somewhat exacting task de- 
manding time which I cannot well spare, is a great satisfaction, 
as I can see a prospect of being able to finish the work to which 
I set my hand many years ago. This volume, as it contains 
a large portion of the account of the grave disaster which 
befell the State in the mismanaged Penobscot Expedition, 
will, I believe, be welcomed by students of Maine history. 

JAMES PHIXNEY BAXTER, 

61 Deering Street. 



495il?i 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE OF CONTEI^TS 



1777 


June 21 


1779 


Jan. 19 




April 25 




Aug. 13 



Aug. 
Aug. 



14 
15 



Aug. 16 



Aug. 17 



Aug. 
Aug. 



18 



19 



Resolve in re Truck House at Machias, 
Invoice of Sundrys wanting, " 
Acct of goods belonging to J. Anderson, 
Petition of Jonathan Mitchell, 

Briggs Hallowell, 
Letter John Gerry to Jer'' Powell, 

Sam' Freeman to 
" Gen. Lovell to 

Stephen Hall to Council, 

Tho" Berry to Council, 

John Gerry to Jer" Powell, 

Council to Col° Jackson, . 

Stephen Hills to Council, . 

C'ouncil to Cap' Adamson, . 

James Fosdick's Acct. Allowed, 
Order for Mr. John Bunker, . 
Letter from Mesech Ware to Jer'' Powell, 

Council to John Gerry, 
Substance of a Conference between Brgad 

Gen' Lovell and the Indian Chiefs, . 
Letter John Gerry to Jer*" Powell, . 
Order to Cap' W" Burke, 
Letter Jn" Frost to Council, . 

" Council to Capt. John Conway, . 

Council to Brig. Frost, 

Council to Capt. Adamson, . 

Order of Council, 

Letter of S. P. Penet, .... 

of Stephen Hills 

Enoch Freeman to Jer*" Powell, 
President Council to General Gates, 
Letter H. Jackson to Hon. Jer'' Powell, 

A Proclamation, 

Petition Falmouth Committee of Corre 

spondence, 

Letter of Rufus Putnam to Major Merese 
reau, 

Peleg Wadsworth to President of 
Council, ..... 



PAGE 

121 

122 

122 

74 

366 

1 

1 

2 

5 

5 

6 

7 

8 

9 

10 

10 

10 

11 

12 
12 
14 
14 
15 
16 
16 
17 
18 
20 
21 
23 
24 
25 

26 

27 

28 



Vlll 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 



Aug. 19 Order of Council 

Order to Brig. General Lovell, 
President Council to Brig. Gren. Lovell, 

Aug. 20 Order of Council 

Letter John Preble, 

James Wilkinson, 

Aug. 21 President Council to Col. H. Jackson, 
Letter Charles Cushing to Council, 
Order of Council, .... 



War Office to Capt. John Kilburne, 

Letter John Browne to George Williams, 
Jon" Titcomb to Hon. Jer*' Powell, 
Jn° Murray to Hon. Jer"" Powell, 
E. Johnson to Col. H. T. Jackson, 

Order to Board of War, . 
Aug. 22 Letter from Stephen Hills, 

H. Jackson to Jeremiah Powell 

Council to Cap' Sam' Laha, . 

Letter from S. Holten, . 

Deposition of Daniel Mitchell, 

Letter from Council, 

Letter to Committee of George Town, 

Council to Col. Tho. Crafts, . 

Horatio Gates to Jer'" Powell, 

Council to Brigadier Cushing, 
Aug. 27 Letter Jer*" Powell to Col" Freeman, 

Council to General Lovell, 

Joseph Henderson to Exchange Prisoners 

Acct. of Expences from Kennebec to Boston 

Order of Council, .... 
Aug. 28 Order to Furnish Provisions, . 

Letter F. H. Tarkson to Jer*- Powell, 
Order to Capt. Smith Woodward, . 

" Furnish Provisions, 
Receipt given to Brigadier Lovell, 
letter from Gen. Lovell, 
" to Hon. Jer'' Powell, . 

Jer'' Hill to Jer" Powell, . 
Aug. 29 " from Gen. Lovell, 

Aug. 30 " to Jer" Powell. . 

Order of Council, .... 
.Memorandum of Articles wanted for Gen 
Lovell's Family, ..... 



Aug. 


23 


Aug. 


24 


Aug. 


25 


Aug. 


26 



PAGE 
32 
33 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 
38 
39 
40 
40 
41 
42 
43 
44 
45 
45 
46 
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49 
50 
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52 
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55 
56 
56 
56 
57 
60 
60 
61 
61 
63 
63 
64 
66 
68 

68 



OF CONTENTS 



IX 



Aug. 30 
Aug. 31 



Sept. 2 



Sept. 3 



Sept. 4 
Sept. 6 



Sept. 7 



Sept. 8 
Sept. 9 



Sept. 10 



Sept. 11 



Order of Council, . 

Council to Gen. Lovell, 
Order of Council, . 



Powell to Jay, . 

Resignation of Nathanel Raynes, 

Order of Council, . 

General Lovell's Letter to the Council, 

A part of Gen. Lovell's relation of facts 

during his command at Penobscot, 
Order to Capt. Joseph Ingraham, . 
Order Board of War, 
General Lovell to Council, 
Order of Council, .... 
Complaint of T. J. Carnes, . 
Petition of Inhabitants Penobscot Riv 
Order of Council, .... 

for Supplies, 
Petition Inhab. I'*' Parish, Falmouth, 
Answer Town of Falmouth to Pet 

Parish, 

Remonstrance Town of Fryeburg, . 
Resolutions in House in re Penobscot Ex 

pedition, 
Resolutions in House in re Penobscot Ex 

pedition, 

Memorial of Asa Danforth, . 
Indians desire to Confer with Council, 
Report of J. H. Allan, 
Order of Council, .... 
Petition of Joseph Perkins and Others, 
Major Dimock to Commander British Fleet 
Petition of Dan'l Mitchell, ... 
Order of Council, ..... 
Petition of Richard & Scarboro Gridley, 
Deposition of James Flinn, . 
Acct. of John Anderson, 
Penobscot Indians to Committee, . 
Answer to same, ..... 
Resolve in re Supplies &c. for Inhabitants 

of Penobscot, 
Notice of Committee of Enquiry, 
Resolve of Council, . 



P.AGE 
70 
69 
69 
70 
71 
71 
72 
73 
75 

80 
82 
83 
84 
86 
87 
88 
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89 
90 
90 

91 
95 

99 

100 
102 
103 
104 
112 
112 
113 
113 
115 
116 
116 
118 
119 
120 

124 
124 
125 



(11 ko.\()1,o<;k:ai. iabi.K 



Sept. 13 ("apt. (Jeuige lA>on;ud to ("ominandiiig Ofll- 
cer at Falmoutli, .... 

retition of Officers to (."ouucil, 

William Lithgow to Council, 

Order of Counci! 

Jos. Gardner to Council, 

William Lithgow to Council, . 

Committee of Safety to Council, . 
Sept. 15 Resolve of Council 

Petition of James Avery, 

Resolve of House in re Board of War, 
General Court, 
Sept. 16 Sam'I Thompson to Council, . 

List of Debts due in the Naval Department 
on the Expedition to Penobscot. 

Certificate in favor Sarah Bagley, . 
Sept. 17 Report of Committee, 
Sept. 17 Directions to Board of War, . 

Resolve, ...... 

Report of Committee of Safety to Gen'l Court 

Order of Council 

Resolve of Council 

Order of Council, .... 
Sept. 18 Report of Committee, 

Joseph Dimmock to Commander of Fleet, 

Report on Examination of Deserters, 
Sept. 20 Joseph Whipple to General Court, . 

Inhabitants of Limerick to General Court, 

Court Martial in re Capt. Saltonstall, 

Petition of Brown and Thorndike, . 
Sept. 21 " Josiah Noyes, 

To his Excellency John Jay, . 
Sept. 20 Petition of Inhabitants of Biddeford 
Arundel, 

To the General Court, 
Sept. 22 Resolve of Council 

Joseph Otis to General Warren, . 

Officers Summoned, 

Order of Council 

Constables Summoned, . 

Order of Council, .... 

Gen'l Lovell's Defence, . 
Sept. 23 Resolve in Favor Daniel .Mitchell, . 

Order of Council, .... 

Petition of Paul liced, 



I'.\GE 

127 
127 
129 
130 
130 
131 
133 
13r> 
135 
137 
138 
138 

140 
141 
121 
141 
142 
143 
14C 
147 
169 
148 
149 
149 
152 
153 
155 
378 
157 
158 

159 
161 
166 
167 
168 
168 
170 
171 
185 
172 
114 
173 



OF CONTENTS 



XI 



PAGE 

Sept. 23 Petition of Joshua Davis 175 

Return of Ordnance &c. at Machias, . . 176 
Sept. 24 Col. Allan to Hon. Jer*" Powell (erroneously 

printed Pownal), 177 

Report in favor Col. Thomas, .... 192 

Sept. 25 Order of Council, 193 

Eliphalet Downer to Council, .... 194 

Resolve of General Court 194 

Deposition of Master of Brig. Hazard, . . 197 
Col. Paul Revere, . . . .201 
of Ph. Marett, . . . .208 
Capt. Cushing, . . . .208 

of Titus Salter 211 

Defence of Col. Paul Revere, . . . .215 

Statement of Capt. Williams 225 

" Capt. Johnston 231 

Capt. Hallet's Statement, . . . .233 
Testimony of Lieut. George Little, . . 236 

Statement of John Cathcart, . . . .243 

Resolve 247 

Sept. 27 " 249 

Petition of Jabez Meigs, 249 

Deposition of Dan'l Waters 250 

Sept. 28 " Joseph Patrick, . 256 

Facts Concerning Penobscot Expedition, . 257 

Petition of Rich-" Sykes 261 

Sept. 29 Statement of Adjt. G^n'l Hill, . . .262 

Order of Council 270 

Deposition of J. Whipple 271 

Certificate of Select Men of Franklin, . . 272 
Statement of Gen'l Wadsworth, . . . 272 

Order of Council, 280 

Testimony of James Brown, .... 280 

Capt. Carnes, .... 282 

Statement of Lieut. Downe, .... 283 

Testimony of Capt. Philip Brown, . . 287 

Statement of Major Todd 292 

Resolve on Memorial of Jabez Meigs, . . 301 

Statement of Gilbert W. Speakman, . 302 

And'' Mclntyer, . . .304 

Testimony of Waterman Thomas, . . . 307 

" Joshua Davis 312 

The Examination of Col" Mitchel on Oath, 318 

Statement of Gilbert W. Speakman, . 321 

Gawen Brown, .... 324 



Ml 



CiriJONOLOGICAL TABLE 



Sept. 30 Resolve 

Facts Concerning Penobscot Expedition, 

Petition of Jeremiah Hill, 

AfTidavit of Joshua Bentley, . 

Petition of Inhabitants of Lincoln. 
Oct. 1 Order on Above 

Answers by General l.K)vell, . 

Statement of Thomas Xewcomb, . 
Lieut. Phillips, . 

Waterman Thomas' Account of Sui)plies, 

Resolve of General Court, 
Oct. 2 Instructions from War Office, 
Oct. 4 Order of Council 

Letter of Col. Allan 

Petition of Wm. Lithgow, 
Sam'l Burgess, 
Oct. 5 Order of Board of War 

Representation of Board of War, . 

Resolve of Petition of Wm. Erskine, . 
Oct. 6 " General Court, 

Order of General Court 

Petition of Several Towns in County 

Lincoln, 

Oct. 7 Report of Committee on Expedition, . 
" Committee 

Petition of Wm. Erskine, 

Letter of John Preble 

Report of Committee, .... 

Resolve on same, 

General Court, 

Report of Committee in re Fryeburg, . 

Oct. 8 Resolve of House, 

" General Court, 

Report on Petition of Stephen Plall, 

Resolve of Council 

Letter of Wm. Todd 

Order of House, 

Resolve of House, 

Petition of Col. Revere, .... 
Oct. 11 Request of War Office to Stephen Smith, 

Order of Council 

Petition of Edward Smith et als, . 

Oct. 12 Order on Same 

Oct. 11 .\'ath. H Preble et als 



of 



PAGE 
329 
330 
331 
332 
333 
338 
339 
341 
343 
345 
346 
346 
347 
347 
349 
350 
351 
351 
353 
354 
355 

356 
358 
360 
362 
363 
364 
364 
368 
368 
369 
370 
371 
372 
373 
374 
374 
375 
376 
377 
378 
377 
377 
379 



OF CONTENTS 



Oct. 
Oct. 



Oct. 
Oct. 



Oct. 
Oct. 



11 
12 



Oct. 13 



Oct. 15 



16 
18 



Oct. 19 



Oct. 


20 


Oct. 


28 


Oct. 


21 



Oct. 25 



26 



27 



Oct. 


28 


Oct. 


30 


Nov. 


2 


Nov. 


3 



Order of Council, 

^Memorial of Lt. Gilman, 

Order on Same, 

Bond of Edward Smith et als, 

Petition of Perldns and Hatch, 

Order on Same, 

Petition of Joseph Noyes, 

Order on Same, 

for Provisions for Prisoners, 
Acct. of Committee of Biddeford, » 
Petition of Edw. Smith et als. 
Report of Wm. Lithgow Jun% 
Capt. Blunt, . 
Gen' Cushing, 
Memorial of Josiah Brewer, 
Order on Same, 
Report of Col. Goodwin, . 
Petition of Eben'' Thayer, 
Order on Same, 

of Committee of General Court, 

Complaint of Wm. Vernon, . 

Letter of Col. Allan, 

Order on Complaint Wm. Vernon, 

Representation of Committees of Cumber 

land County, 
Order of Council, 
Address of General Assembly of New 

Jersey, ..... 
Order of Council, . 
Receipt of Will™ Lermond, . 
Order of Council, . 
Petition of Dan'l Wright, 
Petition of John Bakeman, . 
Instructions of Col. Allan, . 
Capt. Ulmer to Gen'l Cushing, 
Order of Council, . 



Nov. 



War Office to Gen'l Gates, 

Order of Council, . 

Agreement Board of War with 

Fitch, 

Resolve Committee of Safety, 
Order of General Court, . 



Timothv 



PAGE 
380 
381 
381 
381 
382 
383 
383 
384 
384 
384 
385 
386 
386 
389 
390 
392 
392 
393 
393 
394 
394 
396 
395 
397 
396 

401 
402 

403 

404 
404 
405 
405 
407 
408 
414 
415 
416 
416 
417 

418 
419 
421 



XIV 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 



PAGE 

Nov. 8 Request of Council 422 

Accts. of Committees for Coxhall & San- 
ford 423 

Nov. 9 Referees to General Court, .... 423 

Petition of Eleazer Crabtree 424 

Nov. 10 Resignation of Lemuel Hatch, . 425 

Committee of Safety to Board of War, . . 426 

Memorial of Navy Board to Council &c., . 427 

Eastern Dept., . 428 
Col. Allan to the Council, . .428 

Notice of Gen'l Court to Col. Revere, . . 431 

Nov. 11 Questions Asked at Investigation, . . 431 

Order of Council 432 

" " " 432 

Testimony of Thomas Wait Foster, . . 432 

Nov. 12 Petition of Sam'l White, .... 433 

Nov. 13 " John Coffin Jones, . . .434 

Order of Council on foregoing, . . . 435 

Petition of Andrew Cabot 436 

Resolve of Council, 437 

Nov. 15 " Gen'l Court 438 

Gen'l Court 438 

Resolve Gen'l Court on Petition Eleazer 

Crabtree. 439 

Col. Allan to Board of War 440 

Nov. 16 Petition of James Nebon 442 

Resolve in favor Sarah Bagley, . . 443 

Petition Gilbert W. Speakman, . 444 
Agreement Board of War with Timothy 

Fitch 444 

Letter Transmitting Resolution of Congress, 445 

Petition of Selectmen of Town of Lincoln, 446 

Lincoln, . . 447 

Report of Committee in re Col. Revere, . 447 

Petition of Towns in Lincoln County, . . 449 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



OF THE 



STATE OK MAINK 



Letter John Gerry to Hon. Jer^ Powell 

Marblehead August 13 1779 
May it please your honor 

Your Esteemed favour of this date is just come to hand & 
have the pleasure of informing your Honor that the request 
is fully Comply'd with upon your proposed Conditions — Viz 
that the Brigantine Terrible Cap* John Conway proceeds on 
her Cruise immediately after performing her convoy — the 
time of Notice being short had but few Minutes to consult 
with the Owners & Seamen; but it is probable the Vessel & 
her Company will Sail by twelve OClock to Morrow wind & 
weather permitting 

We are with Esteem Your Honors most Obed' Humble 
Servants 

p"" Order & in behalf of the Select Men & Committee of 
Correspondence Inspection & Safety 

John Gerrv 



Letter Sam Freeman to lion. Jer^ Powell 

Falmouth August 13 1779 
Sir Cap* Greenfield Pote has just arriv'd in Town and 
says that being out a fishing the Day before Yesterday about 



IKlcr.M KNTAK'V II IS ToKY 



k'li Leagues from Cajte l-'lizalietli lie was taken in the After- 
noon by a Six Gnn Slooj), A- jMit on lioanl a It Gun Ship — 
That a 32 Gun Ship was in ('(tinpanv with her & that he was 
told they were waiting for other Shii)s to Join them bound to 
Penobscot, having saihl from N. York in Company with two 
64 Gun Ships & 2 Frigates. 

Pote had liberty to come on Shore in a Boat wherein were 
two Women «!!c other Persons lu'longing to another Vessel the 
Enemy had taken. 

And Last Evening a fishing Boat arri\M here the Skipper 
of which informs us that on the same last Wednesday after- 
noon they saw four large Ships a few Leagues about S. E. off 
of Monhegin &: another Vessel at so large a distance they 
could not determine what it was — at the same time they 
heard a few Cannon which seem'd to be fir'd at the S. W. of 
them. 

By this Intelligence which is as particular as can at present 
be related, we arc of the Opinion the Enemy are about rein- 
forcing their Ships & Troops at Penobscott — 

The Selectmen cV Commitee of this Town who are at hand 
judge it expedient to give this Account to the Hon. Council 
with all possible dispatch — and have therefore employed 
the Bearer M"" Fosdick to come Express therewith. 

I am in hast your Honors Most Obed' 
& very humble Serv* 

Sam' Freeman 



Letter S. Lovell B' W to lion. Jer'' Powell 

Head Quarters Magabagaduce 
Aug. 13 1779 
Sir I receiv'd your favour of Aug^ this day wherein 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 



you mention your want of intelligence of the State of the 
army under my Command. 

Immediately on my taking possession of this Ground which 
was the first important movement that happened, I dispatch'd 
an Express by the way of Falmouth to you and soon after 
another by M"" Murray which hope before this you have 
receiv'd likewise another Letter by Major Bradish and you 
may depend when ever any important transaction takes place 
I shall make the greatest dispatch in doing every thing in my 
power to forward the intelligence — 

The Situation of my Army at present I cannot but say is 
very critical their number does not exceed nine hundred & 
fifty Men, rank & file, while that of the Enemy by the best 
Accounts I can collect from Inhabitants, Prisoners & De- 
serers are Seven hundred Troops & three hundred Seamen 
& Marines, who Act occasionally either on board the Ships or 
on the Land — ]\rany of my Ofliicers & Soldiers are disatisfied 
with the Service tho' there are some who deserve the greatest 
credit for their Alacrity & Soldier like conduct — 

I cannot divide my force so as to act with Spirit on account 
of equality of my Army with that of the enemy's tho' I have 
taken every Measure to obain the compliment of !Men voted 
by Government, therefore Sir I wait with impatience for your 
directions in answer to my requisitions by M"" ]\Iurray in the 
mean time I am making use of every measure tow^ards reduc- 
ing the Enemy — Inclosed you have the proceedings of five 
Councils of War, You may Judge my Situation when the 
most important Ship in the Fleet and almost all the private 
property Ships are against the Seige, you will find the Ships 
were determined to go in if I would take possession of the 
Ground in the rear of the Enemy's fort, I knew it would bo 
a dangerous Attempt but rather than our Ships should not 
go in I consented, accordingly the men were detached, & in 



4 DOCUMKNTARY IIISTOIJY 

the Aftcniodii I iiKidc ;i trvall of tlicin, and found by tlieir 
l)t'haviour hclore tlio eiicinv, it would lie iucxpedioiit, I tliere- 
foro called a Council of War who were unanimously of my 
Opinion — 

The Commodore and Captains ihen Determined not to go 
in — As to Ordnance Stores our Shells are all gone, but a 
few 12 pound Cartridges, and three Quarters of our small 
arm Cartridges are expended, owing in a great measure to 
the almost contiinuil wet weather, and frequent Skirmishes — 
In case I should be obliged to raise the Seige, I would wish 
to be informed whither it is expected I take post at some 
convenient place this way, or retire from this part of the 
Country, — 

I am Sir Your Honours most Obed' very Humble Sorv' 

S. Lovell B' G' 

P. S. since writing the above a very sudden movement 
has taken place in my Army — Last night at Twelve o Clock 
I reciev'd a Billet from the Commodore a Copy of which you 
luxve herewith inclosed informing me of the arrival of the 
Brig Diligence and Active who were sent out to make dis- 
coveries and that it was the opinion of the Captains, the 
Fleet which has appear'd were an Enemy — I therefore 
thought it expedient with all possible dispatch to make a 
retreat which effected without Loss and am now on my way 
up Penobscot River to take post at Fort Pownal if found 
convenient unless our fleet should be Supcriour, if so I shall 
do my Endeavour to repossess myself of the Ground — While 
I am under these misfortunes I hope the Public will suspend 
their Judgment till a fair and Candid hearing can be had — 

The two Fleets are now closing together what will bo the 
Event God only knows. — 

I await with impatinse for your Directions, 
August 14 1779 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 5 

Letter Stephen Hall to the Council 

Falmouth 13 Aug. 1779 
Gentlemen, We have just receiv'd Intelligence of a Fleet 
suppos'd to be bound to Penobscott — On Wednesday- 
Evening last Cap' Pote of this Place was taken from a fish- 
ing Boat on board a 44 Gun Ship she was in Company with 
a 32 Gun Frigate — The Ships were about 8 Leagues South- 
east from Elizabeth. They sailed from New York in Com- 
pany with two 64 Gun Ships and two Frigates, Six in all. 
Said Pote learnt in conversation with some persons on board 
the Ship that the above Fleet was destin'd to Penobscott — 
We have dispatched a Boat to Gen' Lovell with the Same 
account, & Post script we have sent your Honors 
By Order of the Committee 

Stephen Hall Chairman 

P. S. The Committee saw not the person taken viz. Cap' 
Pote: But were notifyed by Sam'' Freeman Esq"" & M"" John 
Fox, said Pote is a person of Intelligence & Credit Freeman 
& Fox had had their Account from Pote himself. We have 
written to the Committee of York desiring them to dispatch 
a Boat to meet the Ships from Boston, & to give the neces- 
sary Intelligence — The Committee would inform the Hon*"® 
Council of an Embarassment they are under : having no 
Means of forwarding dispatches but at their advancing Money 

to defray Expenses — 

Ut prius Stephen Hall 

To the Hon the Council 

Letter Tho^ Berry to the Council 

Penobscot Aug' y* 14, 1779 
Your Honors by this will be informed that this day I left 



T) DOCUMENTARY ilIS10i:Y 

Gen' Lovell who dcsirM nic to inform your Honors of any 
thing material which 1 shouhl discover of the Enemies 
Strength after I left him, at which time the General had dis- 
covered only three large Ships, but soon after the Fogg 
cleared off I saw three more, on this discovery our fleet went 
uj* ilic Iiivcr and was when T saw them last, about two Gun 
Shot a licad of the Enemy Just above the old Fort point 
From your Honors most Obed' Humble Servant 

Thomas Berry 



Letter John Gerry to Hon. Jer'' Powell 

.Marblehead Aug' 15 1779 
Sir Whenever we are under the disagreable Necessity of 
giving such information as must in its Tendency give pain to 
y person or body Informed ; and more especially where there 
is a possibility of the public being Injured for want of such 
Information ; the task however disagreable demand Execu- 
tion, and as it is possible in this Case a remedy may be pro- 
vided before any ill consequences can take place, we would 
beg leave to Observe to your honor, that the Armed Brig°° 
of Sixteen Guns at this place which we had the Assurance 
of from the Owners as part of a Convoy for y* Troops de- 
signed as a reinforcement to the army at Penobscott can 
not be manned and of Course will not proceed, this failure 
we cannot at present account for, the difficulty is with y* 
Seamen which imagines that they are to be held to do duty 
as soon as they Arrive at Penobscot and so on while the Siege 
last; but we are rather inclined to think that the disafected 
persons (which are permitted to dwell here amongst us) has 
dissuaded y' people from going y" Expedition — 

The Selectmen & Committee had not y" least doubt when 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE i 

the information respecting her was handed the Hon''"' Board, 
but the Vessel! would ho ready when wanted, and doubt not 
but she might have been obtained for the publick was it not 
for the aforesaid difficulties as the greatest part of the owners 
was for her proceeding; but we hope no inconveniences will 
arrise from this disappointment — 

We are respectfully Your Honors most obed* & very Hum- 
ble Servants 



The Council to Col" Jachson. 

Council Chamber IS^*" Aug' 1779 
Col" Jackson 

Sir 

The Council have thought proper to make some change 
in the Course of Your Passage Eastward which was given 
in Orders to Capt Robert Adamson of Yesterday: a Copy 
of which Orders has been delivered to You — This Change 
you will find in other orders to Capt Adamson of this day 
a Copy of which you will receive herewith — You are to 
consider Capt Adamson as subject to your Orders, if cir- 
cumstances now unforeseen shou'd render it expedient to 
deviate from this last Course — You will remember the 
great Object in view is to reinforce Gen' Lovell with the 
Regiment under your Command without unnecessary de- 
lay, & you will therefore proceed as far as Townsend or 
some safe Port contiguous thereto from whence you will im- 
mediately forward An Account of your Arrival & of the 
State & condition of your Regiment — You will not stop 
short of this Station unless the movements of the Enemy 
shou'd render it adviseablc, which is submitted to your 
Judgment — The Council have appointed a spy boat to pre- 



8 DOCDMENTAKY IlIS'lOUY 

cede your Fleet & have enjoined the Master of it, if he 
discovers the Enemy, to rcfurn & give the curliest Notice 
to the Fleet — he is directed to make the best of his way 
for Penobscot with dispatches from Council to Gen' Lovell 
without waiting for the Fleet — A change of circumstances 
hath induced the Council, to leave it to your discretion to 
order the Spy Boat to continue with the Fleet 'till your Ar- 
rival at or near To^^^lsend & then if you think it safe to send 
her on for Penol)scot with the above dispatches directing the 
Master to sink his dispatches if he finds it impracticable 
to escape from the Enemy shou'd you continue her with the 
Fleet as above you are to take them into your Custody 'till 
you shall send the Spy Boat on. Duplicates of these dis^ 
patches have been forwarded by other hands great risque 
need not therefore be run in sending him — Send a Copy 
of these Orders to the Master of the Spy Boat so far as re- 
spects him — 

In the Name & behalf of the Council 
Jer: Powell Pres* 



Stephen Hills to the Council. 

Newburyport Aug' 15, 79. 
Gentlemen 

I arived hear yesterday but had not the Pleasure of meetg 

the Gentleman your Letter was Directed to. On My Arivel 

hear I found the Ship not Clear of her Ways, but I now 

have the pleasure to Inform you She is all Clear & at the 

End of the Long wharfe I shall go on with all haste possible 

I should be glad to know what you will have the Quarters 

fiird with whether Cork or Tunk. Cork is best Upon all 

accounts, we shall want it Very Soon, hear is in town as I 



OF tup: state of maine y 

am inform'd aplcuty. if you have none by you, the Mast- 
maker is Very backward in is work Labouring & Seaf airing 
men are Very Scarce liear 80 that I should be Glad of as 
much help from boston as possible the Schooner is not yet 
Arived 

I am Gentlemen your most Ob't & Hum'^ Ser' 

Stephen Hills — 



The Council to Cap' Adamson. 

Council Chamber August 15''^ 1779 
Capt RoV Adamson 

Sir, In addition to the former Orders you have received 
from the Board We now direct you to proceed with the Fleet 
under your Command to Cape Ann & from thence run across 
to Ipswich And Wells Bay & Cape Elizabeth & there en- 
deavour to obtain the best Intelligence you can & if the Coast 
should appear to be clear of the Enemy you are to proceed 
from thence to Small Point, where you will again send on 
Shore and get all the Intelligence you can & if you find the 
Coast is free from the Enemy you will proceed from thence 
to Townsend or any Safe Port contiguous thereto where you 
will wait for Orders whether to proceed further from Col° 
Jackson — As to any further particulars respecting your 
Course you will consult with Jonathan Bunker a Pilot in 
this Fleet who is to sail in the Ship Renown with you, not 
deviating however much from the Course here given you, 
unless thro' necessity or for your greater safety as circum- 
stances at present unforeseen may require. During your 
passage down, you are to consider yourself subject to the 
Orders of Col" Henry Jackson — 

In the Name & behalf of the Council 
Jer: Powell Pres* 



10 DOCUMKNTAKY illST(jKV 

■/nines Fdsdirlr'.s Arrount Allowed. 

Acco* of James Fosdick for his time Expenses & Horse 
Hire <S:e as an Express from Falmouth to Boston Read & 
Allowed ;m<l Ordered that a Warrant be drawn on the Treas- 
ury for £23.'}.. 10 in fidl of his Aceo^ — Warrant drawn & 
Signed by fifteen of the Council 



Order for Mr. John Buiiker. 

War Office, 15 Aug' 1779 

Mr, John Bunker Agreeable to order of Council you are 

required to repair on board the Armed Ship Renown, Rob* 

Adamson, Commander, there to act as Pilot of said Ship on 

her passage from hence to Townsend & Penobscott, and 

Capt Adamson is desired to receive & employ you in that 

Capacity accordingly — 

By order of the Board 

John Browne P. P. T. 

I acknowledge the above to be copy of my orders, & promise 

to govern myself accordingly. 

John Bunker 



Letter from Mesech Ware to Hon}*^' Presid* Powell 

Hampton Falls Aug' 16, 1779 
Sir 

I received your favour of the S**" Instant by express, im- 
mediately conven'd the Committee who transact business in 
the recess of the General Court, and laid your letter before 
them, who took the same into consideration. Are very sen- 
sible of the great importance of making a vigorous exertion 
to dislodge the enemy at Penobscot, and heartily disposed to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 11 

Assist in every thing our Power — But with great regret 
find it out of our Power to collet any number of troops of 
the charecter which you mention, so speedily as would be 
likely to be of any Service: we have no particularly dis- 
ciplined Companies, and but few persons who have been 
Acquainted with affairs of the War, but what are already 
in the Service so that at present we see no prospect of pro- 
curing in Season any number of Men such as we wanted 
for the present Emergency. 
I am Sir with much Respect, 
Y^ Obed' Humble SerV 
Meshech Weare 
Hon*"^ Presid* Powell. 



The Council to John Gerry, Escf. 

Council Chamber Aug' 16 1779 
Sir 

Your favor of the 13*'' instant informed this Board that 
their request of the armed Brig Terrible to join in convoy- 
ing the Fleet destined to Penobscot was fully complied with 
by the Owners. The Council have not since seen nor heard 
of her. The Fleet is in Nantasket Road ready & waiting 
to put to Sea. 

This Express is forwarded to inform you the Council are 
anxious to improve the present critical opportunity & to 
entreat that there may be no further delay on the part of the 
Brig. 

You will return this Express with the utmost dispatch. 

In the Name of the Council &c 
To John Gerry Esq"" 



12 DOCr.MKNTAKY HISTOUY 

Letter John Cnrnj 

Marl)IuhuaJ August 17, 1779 
May it ploas your Honor 

This ^lorniiig I iiifornied your Honor that Cap' Conway 
was making a further Tryall for men l)ut could not give any 
assurance of Success at that time, liut have the pleasure 
now of informing the Hon'''^ Board that the said Vessell is 
compleately MaunM and under Sail for ]>oston & suppose 
will he at Nantasket near as soon as this gets to hand thought 
proper to give you this Xotice by express that you may gov- 
ern accordingly. 

Remain with y" Greatest Esteem Your Honors Most Obed' 
Servant John Gerry 



Suhntance of a Conference between Brgad'' Gen^ Lovell 
and the Indian Chiefs. 

Penobscot Indian Settlem* 

Aug' 16''^ 1779 

In Council 
My Brethren, 

I heartily thank you for your faithful services while with 

me at Majabigwaduce a true Representation of which I will 

not fail to make to the Grand Councel at Boston, we here 

have suffered a little disappointment but notwithstanding 

your Brethren will still continue to protect you and Your 

families till the pleasure of Councel can be known who I 

doubt not will do all in their power for your welfare and 

prosperity, — I am heartily sorry to see you and Your little 

ones drove from your Habitations and even your dependence, 

(Your Bread and part of your Hunting,) but fear not you 

will bo Restored to it again shortly. — I wish it was in my 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 13 

power to Relieve jou a little at present but I have lost all 
myself — The Chiefs answered. — They were sensible the 
Gen' Had lost every thing, and would help him all in their 
power That Five Canoes and Eight Indians should for- 
ward him towards his friends at Kenebeck that his Visit^ 
their Wigwams and the notice he had taken of them had given 
them a satisfaction they had never before Received. That 
they should continue their sincerity. That a little mis- 
fortune would not make them change their Hearts they would 
ever be friends with the Grand Councel and open enemies to 
the Tories and Brittish Troops who had hurt their young 
Men, and that their faith was firm more so on account of the 
Alliance with France that they Had but Two Fathers Gen- 
eral Washington and the King of France who they would 
assist They then desired the Gen' to Observe their poverty 
& said the General Court had often promised them articles 
but they had not Received them except some few trifling 
things, that they designed to be true and hoped infuture 
their Brethren would be the same.. — The Gen' Replied — 
That sundry things had been sent to them and particularly at 
this time part of which they had received & the Rest de- 
stroyed by their Enemies the English, That he would use 
his endeavors to get them some Necessaries by the way of 
Kenebeck infuture 

That he had the highest esteem for them and their un- 
asked offers of being our inseperable Breth'ren, that it 
would be highly pleasing to the Grand Councel at Boston, — 
The Indians then desired that nothing intended for them 
might be sent to ]\rachias. That two of them are desirous 
of going to Boston and that the Rest would Return to defend 
their families — The Gen' wished tlicm not to go as every 
thing then would doubtly be in confusion however they Im- 
portuned & M"" Gilman was directed to Repair to Boston along 



14 I)()CrMi:.NTAKV HISTORY 

witli tlicin. on the (Jen''' Lc:i\iiiii' llicir Wiirwnnis the Young 
Men was all luiih'i- arms and irixc him at his departure a 
discharge of Miis(|ii('irv \- slicwcd e\erv sign of satisfaction 
A True Copy Attest 

W" Todd Maj^ Brigade 
To the Hon*"" 

.Iit: I^owell In ( Vunicil 



Order to Cap' W" Burke. 

Cambdcn 17'" Aug* 1779 

Cap* W'" Burke is hereby impower'd to impress a Boat or 

Small Vessell sufficient to convey his Sick, Lame, prisoners & 

the rest of his Crew, to Boston: which Boat he will then 

deliver to the Board of War; it being partly the property of 

the State 

P Wadsworth B Gen' 



Letter Jn" Frost to ike Ilon''^ Council 

Kittery Aug* 17 1779 
To the Hon*'"' Council of the State Mass*' Bay 

May it please your Honors This day rec'd a letter from 
General Lovell wherein he writes that tlu; three hundred 
]\Ien ordered from my Brigade that he has at Penobscot there 
is about one hundred & Thirty short of said nund)er, the Rea- 
son is about Twenty of said numl)er after they were Drafted 
and ordered to ]\Iarch to Wells went on board the Ship 
Hamden then laying at Portsmouth since sailed to said 
Penobscot, our orders came to us late but about four days 
before the Transports came for the Men & then went right to 



,OF TIIK STATE OF MAIXE 15 

Casco Bay the remainder of said Men were mostly ready to 
March but the Transports sailed before the Men could be got 
to Casco, General Lovell requests that the Men be sent to 
him Either by Transports or by land, I have no Orders from 
your Honors to hire Transports, I sent one Major who fell in 
Landing, a good Officer he was; Now I beg your Honors 
would send me some Directions about the Affair whither I 
shall send the remainder of the Men, and how, whither I 
shall send another Major or not, — the Militia Law gives 
Twenty four Hours for those that are drafted to pay their 
fines which put the Officers to a great Deal of Trouble large 
numbers paying their fines, the jMen will be all ready by 
thursday onely wait your Honors Orders, which shall be 
punctually obeyed as soon as rec''. 

I have the Honour to be your Honours most Obed' Hum- 
ble Serv* Jn° Frost 
Tuesday Aug' IT"" rec" this Letter 5 oClock afternoon 



The Council to CapL John Conicay. 

Council Chamber Aug* 17'" 1779 
Capt. John Conway, 

The Brigantine Terrible under your Command being en- 
gaged in the Service of Convoying the Transports employed 
in Conveying the Regiment under the Command of Col° 
Jackson to Penobscot You are hereby directed & required 
immediately to join the Fleet under the Command of Capt 
Robert Adamson now lying in Nantasket Harbour & as soon 
as you have joined said Fleet you are to apply to Capt Adam- 
son who will give you proper directions & signalls for the 
Voyage & you will follow such Orders & observe such signals 
as you may receive from him when you have safely Convoyed 



16 documi:ntai:y iitstory . 

the Fleet to Penobscot yon may proceed upon your Cruize 
or return to ^larhlehead as you tliink j)roper any Orders from 
Cleneral Lovell — The C\)ninuin<ling OlHccr Of the Fleet at 
Penobscot or Capt Adanison to the contrary notwithstanding 
— We have given Orders for the Fleet to sail to ^Morrow 
Morning & have directed the Couunanding Officer of the 
Fleet to Fire Three Guns olT of half Way Kock as a signal 
for your joining the Fleet — 

The Council tu Bruj. Frost. 

State of Massachusetts Bay Council Chamber Aug* 17, 1779 
Sir 

The Council have received your Letter dated the 16'*' It 
is the Opinion of the Board that it would have been prudent 
in you to have acquainted Brig"" General Level with the Cir- 
cumstances of the remaining Part of the Men detached from 
your Brigade for the Expedition to Penobscot ; and it is the 
Direction of the Board that you immediately on the Receipt 
of this Letter dispatch an Express to the General informing 
him of the Number of ^fen now ready, agreeable to the 
llepresentation you have made in your Letter and requesting 
him, if he shall think necessary and proper, to forward a 
Vessel from Penobscot with a Suitable Convoy to transport 
them 
Brig Frost 

The Council to Capt. Adamson. 

Council Chamber Aug' 17'*' 1779 
Capt Robert Adamson — The Council have tho't proper 
to give you the following Instruction which you are to ob- 
serve any thing contained in former Instructions to the con- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 17 

trary notwithstanding — You are not to put to Sea 'till to- 
morrow jMorning at which time if the Wind be fair you are 
pursuing the Line of direction given to you in your former 
Orders; saving that when you shall get near to half way 
Rock which lies oiT Marhlehead you are to fire three Guns 
as a Signal to the Brig Terrible Capt Conway Commander, 
immediately to sail with the Transports under your Convoy 
which Brig, if she be ready to sail will immediately join 
you, but if she does not so join you, you are to proceed with- 
out her — 

In the Name & behalf of the Council 

Jer. Powell Pres* 



Order of Council. 

Council Chamber Aug' 17'*" 1779 
Whereas Col" Lee One of the Owners of the Brigantine 
Terrible John Conway Commander has given Encourage- 
ment to this Board that the said Brig will immediately pro- 
ceed as a Convoy to the Transports which are employed to 
Convoy Col° Jackson's Regiment to Penobscot altho' the 
Owners should not be able to procure the full Complement 
of Men necessary for her as a Privateer in which Case she 
must Return to IMarblehead Therefore Ordered That the 
Owners be & hereby are Assured that under these Circum- 
stances the Government will make good any Loss or damage 
that may happen to said Vessel upon her Voyage to Penob- 
scot or to the place where the Troops may be landed & upon 
her Return to Marhlehead in Case she should return inune- 
diately & Col Azor Orne with such other two persons as he 
& the Owners may agree upon are hereby impowered to Value 
said Vessel — 



18 DOCUMENTAKY IIISTOKY 

Lfttcr of S. P. rcu't. 

Aux hoiiorabU's iiieinlircs dc L office 

I h' la iTUcrrf. 1 )v IJostoii 
M OSS itMirs 

Jc no me lasscrai jainais dc nous ecrirc, (juoitjuc vous ne 
Jui;es pas a pro])os dc me fairc rcponse cequi motounc ct ne 
pent ("11 coucovoir le sujet: Cijoiut dcs lettres rcmis dt'iiia 
maisoii (pie J'ai I'lionueur do vous addresser, Je no 
m'etcndrai iTi jo vous forai en unes Representations sur 
lours oontons, Simploment Je vous observcrai que nous 
etaut du une Balance anssi considerable nous serions flatte 
lie reccvoir des Remises on franco, ot pour vous y faciliter, 
Je vous propose de charger a frett, dans le Courier D'europe, 
navire appartcnant a la maison un des meilleurs voittier 
possible, du tabac, II pourra porter environ cent Romants, 
Je ne pens pas vous passer le frett a moins d'une moitio do 
la valour des tabaco vondus en franco, qni est, le frett gen- 
eral en amerique, et a reprix, co n'est an aux conditions que 
vons chargies le tout en tabaco, M° Rradfort a Boston est 
charge de nos affaires, si vons etes en Intention deprendre 
du frett a cos conditions, vous aurcs la Bonte do Ten pre- 
venir Je desire ]\[essieurs, quo vous Reflectissies uu peu sur 
nos avances, et de vouloir bien croiro, que nous no seront 
Jamais en arriere lors qu il S'agira de fairo honnour ados 
engagement contraitos, nous nous flattens que vous aures les 
memos attention et Exactitude. ^ Je compte partir 
Bientot pour franco, Je laisse en amerique ]M° Coulaux la 
Vigno, mon Socretarie, charge de Tadministration de nos 
affaires, lequel aurat Fhonneur do vous voir Bientot a Bos- 
ton. Je suis avec un profound iiospcet .Messieurs 

\'otres trcs buiulilc 6t tres obeissant sorvitour 

S P. Ponot 
I'hiiadolphio le IT aoust ITT'J. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 19 

Trcuisalation of Letter of S. P. Penet. 

Gentlemen 

I shall never cease writing to you altlio' you have not 
thought fit to answer my letters the reason of which I know 
not: herewith you have letters which I have rec'd from 
our house in france, w''- I have the honour to enclose you. 
& to which I refer as I need not make comments thereon. 
I shall only observe that there being due to us so consider- 
able a balance we shall be very glad to receive remittances 
in france. & to facilitate you therein, I propose to you to take 
in upon freight in the Courier d'Leurope, a ship belonging 
to our house, one of the best of sailors — She will be able to 
carry about one hundred hhds on fr* but I cannot take it in 
at less than half the value upon the Sales in france, which 
is the general fr^ in America, & even at that fr^ it is only 
upon condition that you load the whole in tol)aco. 'My. 
Bradford of Boston is our agent general. If you intend load 
up on fr' upon these conditions, you will be so good as to 
acquaint him therewith. I desire, gentlemen that you would 
consider a little upon the advances we have made you, & that 
you will believe that we shall never be behind hand when the 
question is to do honour to our Engagements. We flatter 
ourselves that you will have the same attention k exactness 
towards us. 

I expect very soon to leave this for france, & I leave in 

American M"" Coulaux la Vigne, my secretary imperson'd for 

our affairs, who will soon pay you a visit at Boston — 

I am &c 

P 

IT"" Augs' 



20 DOCfMKNTAKY IIISTOia' 

I^ltrr of Sfrph,'), I /ills. 

Cicntlciiinii 

Our mast will lie rcadv to i:it in tlic Hci:;!!)'^ of Next week 
l)iit with (lut licl|> t"n>iii llustmi 1 ciiniiot ^rct tliciii in as T find 
it Einpossiltle to hire more than ten lahour'g men hear I 
liopc Gentlenirn mmi will send nic as nianv as you tliink 
proper for such a shij), it is a prate pitty Imt tliair had Been 
Somebody ajioinlM to Over Seen tlie Building of this Ship 
vsooncr as thaii- inii;ht \\:i\v hccn Clancy alterations made for 
the Benefit of hur Init as thay lia\'e gone so fur it is Empog- 
sible for me to alter witli Out put'g the Sliip to a grate Ex- 
pense But what Ever lays in my power to alter for the best 
T shall do it. I should he glad to know if T shall Employ 
the ballaee men to git the Ballace, as it must come out in 
Boston to clean, it will not be worth while to send the Torn 
Ballaee Bound T sliould bo glad of the Cork by the furst 
Oportunity, we ha\e but a fue cai-penlei-s t(» work, cV I am 
afraid it will be late in the fall before wc shall git the ship 
Round onless more Carpenters are Employ'd, Gentlemen, 
I have no orders from you in Writi'g how to proseed I 
should be much oblige to you for them by the furst oportunity 
the Schooner Ariveil last Sunday with the Biggin 

I am Gentlemen your most Obe' & Horn'" Sar' to Command 

Stephen Hills 

Xewbury{)ort Aug* IS, 70 

V. S. Excuse the half sheets of paper — 
Gentlemen 

I Rec'd yours Yesterday afternoon by Mr John Skillings 
wherein you wish'd to know how many men T could procure 
I have in my Letter of the Eighteenth Informed you. thair 
seams to be No Price hear it is what you can agree with 
them for some more some less as men is Very Scarce we 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 21 

shall bo ready to Git the Mast in as soon as Mr Piper gitts 

hear & his men, we are much Ijackw'd in Carpenter way 

& I should be gla<l you would write to ^fr Greenlig [ — 

to put more men on the Ship, 

I am, Gentlemen, your Most Obedient & Humble Sar' to 

Comm'' 

Stephen Hills 

Newburyport Aug* 19. 79 



Letter E)wch Freeman to Hon^ Jeremiah Powell 

Falmouth Augt. IS**' 1779 
Sir 

The Invasion of Penobscott by a very considerable force 
of the Enemy, their Progress there and the Ravages com- 
mitted by them in other places at the Eastern Part of this 
State make us apprehensive that they have a design to cutt 
it off from the other part of the State, and either annex it - to 
the Province of Xova Scotia, or form it into a separate Gov- 
ernment under the British Administration — 

Under such Apprehensions, a number of Gentlemen from 
most of the Towns in this County, this Day assembled in 
Convention in this Town to consult what is proper to be done 
for our safety and defence — 

We think the Harbour here would be of such importance 
to the Enemy, in the execution of what we judge to be their 
grand design, that they will not much longer neglect to at- 
tempt to possess themselves of it, and make it a place of 
Rendezvous for their Troops & Ships of Force — and we 
are sorry to inform your Honours, that such is the state of our 
fortifications — & such the weakness of our Force, that un- 
less some measures are immediately entcrd into, for our pro- 



22 POCl'MENTARY HISTORY 

tectioii and defence, we fear we filiall fall a Prey to their 
Rage and Malice — 

We therefore hnmhly pray that your honours wou.d take 
our case into your serious consideration & order that such 
steps may he taken as will j)nt us in a p)od posture of De- 
fence — 

We have recommended to the several Towns in this County 
to raise immediately their respective proportion of one hun- 
dred Men to repair the Forts here and build otliers in such 
places as a Committee, (whom we have appointed for the 
purpose), shall judge best — «& we trust the General Court 
will make j)rovision for paying them for their Services — 

And we w^ould request that the Honorable Council wou.d 
appoint & send as soon as possible: some experienced, faith- 
ful Engineer to take the oversight of the Work — 

We would further pray that at least two hundred Men 
might be ordered here from the County of York, or some 
other County to the Southward of us, to increase our 
Strength, which is already much reduced — 

We also think it necessary that a number of Cannon and 
a suitable quantity of Military Stores, should be procurd &, 
sent here to be placed in fresh Forts as may be erected — and 
also some Field Pieces — (two at least we think are necessary) 

And as Provision is extremely scarce here, k it would be 
almost impossible to collect on an Emergency as much as 
might be wanted, we think it absolutely necessary that a 
Magazine thereof should be provided & placed in a proper 
part of the Town to be used when an Alarm shou.d require 
it — 

I am in the name & behalf of the Convention — your 
Honors most obedient — & very hum" serv*. 

Enoch Freeman 

We have this minute receiv.d advice (by the Bearer who 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 23 

hands you this, & who will communicate to you personally) 
of the unhappy Loss of our Fleet at Penobscot. 

In Council Sep' 11\ 1779 
Read & sent down 

John Avery D Se'' 

In the House of Representatives Sept 13^'' 1779 

Read & committed to the Committee on the Letters of 
General Lovell of y" 3" & 4''^ Inst. 
Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk 

In Council Sep\ 13'\ 1779 
Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Se'' 



President of the Council to General Gates. 

August, 19*'^ 1779 
Sir 

The Council take this opportunity to express their obliga- 
tions to you for your ready & kind attention to their late re- 
quest by so early despatching a detachment of Troops, under 
the Command of Col° Jackson. — They sailed Yesterday 
Morn^ under convoy of a 16 Gun Ship, & 2 Brigs & caution 
given to keep near the Shore to prevent risk as much as may 
be ; as there have been reports of a reinforcement to y* Enemy 
being seen. 

This Morning We have received a letter from General 
Lovell da** y® 14"" instant informing that a reinforcement had 
arrived, and that it was thought expedient with all possible 
dispatch to make a retreat, which he effected without loss, 
& is now on his way up Penobscot River to take Post at Fort 
Pownal if found convenient : the two Fleets were closing 



24 DOCUMKNTAKY IllsroKY 

together & the CJeiieral expresses his great anxiety for the 
event. We are iiif(>nii(;<l hy a Gentleman from Newbury- 
Port that the Fleet with Col" Jacksous Kcgimont were seen 
Yesterday olT Newbury-Port, from whence a boat was im- 
mediately despatched to give them an Account of the arrival 
of the Enemies Fleet at Penobscot; & we have no doubt but 
Col" Jackson will 1)0 careful to take Post So as not to run 
any unnecessary risk & to be ready to afford Succour to 
General Lovell & prevent y^ ravage of the Enemy. — The 
Board are expecting every moment to hear a more particular 
Account from Penobscot which shall be communicated to 

you 

I am &c President 
General Gates 



Letter II. Jacl'son to Hon. Jer^ Powell 

Portsmouth Aug' 19"" 1779 
Sir I embrace this opportunity to inform your Honor I 
arriv'd in this Harbour this Afternoon at 3 o Clock with the 
whole of the Fleet under my command in good Order, the 
inclosed information I rec'd Yesterday Evening off Newbury 
port from Brig^ Gen' Titcomb — I thought it most adviseable 
to stand immediately for Casco Bay and there gain further 
intelligence before I proceeded to Townsend as directed by 
the Hon**'^ Board — I had wrote my Orders for the Spy Boat 
to go on with the greatest dispatch to Falmouth & gain every 
intelligence in his Power, — but the Wind coming round to 
the N. E. obliged me to put into this Harbour, as it was the 
Pilot I could not proceed any further with the Wind in that 
quarter — immediately on my arrival here I sent off an 
Express by Land to Gen' Lovell informing him of my arrival 



OF TilE STATE OF MAINE 25 

here, And that when the wind permitted I should proceed to 
his relief — The bearer of this M"" Brewer this Moment ar- 
riv'd from Penobscot & informes me of the Situation of Gen' 
Lovell & that the Enemy has Two Frigates & Two Tenders 
Cruising for me, by intelligence they had gained by an advice 
Boat they had taken with the dispatch's from the Hon*"* 
Board to Brig"" Gen' Lovell ; as I wish not to delay one Mo- 
ment — I shall propose to this Town to morrow Morning if 
I can be provided with waggons to transport my Baggage, 
Provision & Military Stores, I will immediately March for 
Casco Bay — I wish some directions from the Hon"'* Board 
respecting this Matter 

I have the Honor to be with the greatest respect yours &c 

H. Jackson 



A Proclamation 

By the Hon'''" the Council of the State of Massachusetts Bay 
Whereas the inveterate Enemies of the United States of 
America have for some time past invaded the Eastern Parts 
of this State and have made a Lodgement on Majorbagaduce 
— And it appears to this Board that their main Design is 
to maintain a Post there, & as their Custom hath been to com- 
mit wanton & savage Depredations on the Inhabitants — 
The Good People of this State & those in particular whom it 
may more immediately concern are therefore hereby called 
upon duly to consider the Solemn Obligation they are under 
for the Honor & Safety of their Country to exert themselves 
to the utmost to defeat the Enemy in this their unjust & 
Cruel Design. And they are earnestly exhorted to be upon 
their Guard against the Arts that may be made use of to 
prevail upon them to withdraw their Allegiance from the 



20 DOOUMENTAKY IIISTOUV 

Goveniinciit of tliis State, as tliev will answer it at their Peril 
And this Board herehj invite the virtuous Freemen of the 
("ounties of York, C^nnbcrland & Lincoln upon the call of 
l>rig (ion' Lovell to exhibit the proofs of their zeal & At- 
tachment to their injure<l «i: insulted C(juntry hv voluntarily 
repairini; to his Standard Armed & accoutred & with such 
(Quantities of Provision as they may he able to take with 
them. In firm Reliance that Heaven will smile upon & 
prosper their Vigorous Efforts in like Manner as this State 
heretofore experienced at Saratoga And the Inhabitants of 
the aforesaid Counties are hereby assured of all that Coun- 
tenance & Assistance which it shall be in the Power of this 
Government to afford — 

Given at the Council Chamber in Boston the 19^'' day of 
Aug' in the Year of Our Lord 1779 And in the fourth Year 
of the Independence of the United States of America — 
By Order of the ^lajor Part of the Council 

Sam' Adams Sec' 
GOD save the United States — 



Petition Falmouth Committee of Correspondence. 

To the Hon*"'® Council of the State of the Massachusetts Bay 
A Petition of the Committee of Correspondence of the town 
of Falmoutli Humbly sheweth that they have a Sloop of forty 
guns Called the Union She mounts four carrage guns and 
four swivels She is owned by M"" Andrew Croasswell and 
others of Falmouth, Said Sloop is Intended for a Cruiser 
against the Enemise of the United States and we Recommend 
Mr Let Dimock of Falmouth to be a man Suitable to take the 
Command of Said Sloop and wo humbly pray your Honor 
to grant a Commission for Said Dimock and we will Se that 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 27 

he gives proper Bonds for the true performance of the trust 
Reposed in him agreable to Such Directions as your Hon- 
nours may plees to give with Regard to that matter as your 
petitioners in Duty bound Shall Ever pray. 

Falmouth August f 19'" 1779 
Nath' Shiverick Committee of 
Moses Swift Correspondence 

Job Parker 

Endorsed : 
In Council Sepf 3*^ 1779 Read & Ordered — 
That Let Dimuck be Commissioned as Com- 
mander of the said Vessel mentioned above — 
he complying with the Resolves of Congress 

John Avery — D. Sy 



Lelter of Rufus Putnam to Major Mci'esereau. 

West Point August 19"^ 1779 
Dear Sir/ Captain Goodale (of whom I spoke to you when 
you was coming on to Head Quarters with L' Col° Campbell) 
is come out on Parole to Return in Forty days from the IS*** 
Ins' — unless Cap^ Kerr a prisoner at Rutland is sent in Ex- 
change for him — My dear Sirs if it is possible for you 
(Consistant with your duty) to git Cap* Kerr into the hands 
of the Council as a State prisoner to be exchanged for Cap- 
tain Goodale it will do both him and me the greatest favour 
in your power, as well as greatly promoting the Service — 
Cap* Goodale is one of the best partazan Officers within my 
Acquaintance, he took near One hundred prisoners out of 
Burgoyn's Army before the Convention which he Effected at 
different times in a masterly manner of address, as well as 
Art & Strategem, Patience, bravery & Perseverence, 



28 DOCrMKXTAItY IIISTOKV 

It is from these Considerations I solicit his exchange out 
of his common Course, Colonel Ward's exchange was (as I 
am Infornictl) Effected this way, by the Council sending in 
the Captain of the Summersett — Perhaps you may owe 
them a. Captain or may lend them one — I rest the matter 
with your wisdom and goodness to conduct, and should the 
wished for event take place, shall Consider my-self under 
the greatest Obligation in the power of any Gentleman to 
lay me under — I am sir 

With Esteem 

Your very Humble Serv* 
^Injor Meresereau Rufus Putnam 

Letter Peleg Wadsworih B^ G' to the President of the Council 

■ Thomaston 19'*' August 1779 
Hon" Sir Being uncertain whither you have yet been 
informed of the sad catastrophe of your Armament against 
the Enemy at Magabagaduce am under the disagreable Neces- 
sity of informing your Honor that (by information which I 
depend upon) the destruction of your Fleet was compleated 
on the forenoon of the 16^'' Instant and that the army five 
Companies excepted, are dispersed to their several homes — 
Your Honor is doubtless inform'd by the return of your 
Express to Gen' Lovell who left us on the M^*" Ins* of the 
Evacuation of the Heights of Magabagaduce by your troops 
on the Morning of that Day, on the approach of a Fleet up 
the Sound the Evening before and that our Fleet was under 
Express to Gen' Lovell who left us on the 14"' Ins' of the 
Evacuation of the Heights of ^fagabagaduce by your troops 
way up Penobscott River & that the Enemy was in pursuit 
The Wind being very faint and much against us prevented 
our getting far up the River on the Tide of Flood, till the 



or THE STATE OF MAINE 29 

coming in of the Sea Breeze in tlie Afternoon whicli brought 
in the Enemy's fleet along with it, & the tide of Ebb taking 
us the Stronger as we advanced up the River, brot their fore- 
most Ships up with our Rear & cut off the Ilamden, Hunter 
& one Brigg below fort Point ; & our transports not being 
able to stem the Current, to prevent drifting down to the 
Enemy chiefly Shot into the Eddy on the westerly Side the 
River & ran ashore about two Miles below the Narrows whilst 
our Ships of War by the help of much sail & Boats reach'd 
a little farther up the River. 

Whilst this was doing I had been up a little past our fore- 
most Ships Just at the narrows to find a place for landing & 
hawling up our Cannon to check the Enemy's progress ; hav- 
ing given Orders for their readiness beforehand ; but on 
returning to my great surprize found many of our Transports 
on fire all deserted & our troops Scatter'd in the Bush in the 
Utmost Confusion, It was now Dusk & the Enemy's Ships at 
Anchor rather below our Cluster of Transports, Our Vessells 
of War & a few transports still endeavoring to stem the 
Current — No Pains was spared to collect the Troops, to 
save the Stores & Ordnance on board the Transports then on 
fire, but neither Men nor Officers were under the least con- 
troul, & it was with the utmost difiiculty with the help of a 
few Individuals, that a small Quantity of Provisions only 
were saved from the conflagration in the midst of Fire Smoke 
and Shot, By whose order the transports were fired is uncer- 
tain; Gen' Lovell tis said was gone up the River iu the 
Hazard which was the headmost Vessell. — Our army by this 
time was thoroughly dispers'd in the Wood and our Ships of 
War not able to hold their Ground began to Blaze, Three 
of them were burnt the forepart of the Xight the first of 
which was the Sky Rocket: the rest on the turn of the tide 
tow'd up the River and pass'd the Narrows, the Enemy's 



30 DOCUMENTARY HISTOHY 

Sli4i}>iiig' in the morninir ri'inaiiiM in the same place as in the 
Even*' before it being calm & Foggy & were said to be the 
Reasonable of 64 Guns, a Fifty, a Forty, the Blond & sev- 
eral Smaller Ships — Early in the ]\rorning I endeavored to 
rally onr Scatterd Troops on the high Ground near where we 
ran ashore, that we might recieve the Generals Orders, but 
to no purpose, for in General 1»<>lli men and Otticcrs had dis- 
missed themselves & march'd ot\ the Parade faster than they 
could be brot on — When most of the forenoon had been 
spent in this fruitless Attempt, not being able to get Intelli- 
gence from the Gen' for four or five Miles up the River & 
unal)lc to retain a man on the Ground, I swang my Pack & 
march'd directly for Camden (directing the Course of all I 
overtook to the same place there to halt) where I arriv'd on 
the l?'*" Instant: some of the Militia had passed before I 
came up others had sheard off to prevent being Stop'd ; and 
the rest altho : much f atigu'd had not lost their Eagerness for 
returning home, & in spite of every Order &, precaution, after 
drawing provisions skulk'd otf, except five Companies, who 
were retain'd by the influence of good Officers, these have 
this Afternoon been ordered to take their separate posts at 
Belfast, Campden, W S W Gigg, S' Georges & Townsend in 
order to protect the inhabitants from the Incursions of the 
Tories k small parties of the Enemy & to encourage them to 
save their Corps k not to fly from their habitations, which 
would have been the case of very many families, had nothing 
been done for their encouragement. This distribution I have 
ventured to make without the order of the General, not hav- 
ing seen him since the morning of the evacuation ; but think 
it most probable that he pass'd from the head of the River 
into Kennebeck & is gone down the river in which case I 
hope your Honor has had earlier and more Intelligible 
Account of Facts than is here coutain'd from the General 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 31 

himself — I would however beg leave to suggest to your 
Honor the great importance of keeping a small Force of three 
or four hundred men under the direction of the Brigadier of 
the County Stationed along the Sea Coast to prevent the 
sudden incursions of the Enemy to check the spirit of Tory- 
isms within & to Strengthen & Encourage the Wavering & 
to prevent many families on the Sea Coast from flying from 
their Estates & leaving them to l^e plundered by the Enemy 
Convinced of the Necessity of such a Measure I have wrote 
to Brig"" Cushing desiring him to send from the inland part 
of the County five Companies of the Militia who lately dis- 
missed themselves from Penobscot or some others to relieve 
the Companies now on the Ground; (as four of them belong 
to the County of Cumberland & all live on or near the Shore 
and cannot be better dispos'd of for the public good than by 
being dismiss'd «& returning home) & to continue till Orders 
from the General, or the Hon''''' Council can be obtained : & 
should it be thot proper to continue such a Force on the Sea 
Coast till the Enemy could be driven from this Quarter, 
should think it best that they should be under the Direction 
of the Brigadier of the County who will be likely to make 
a better Disposition of them than any other Officer — 

The Companies on the Ground have about Twenty five 
Rounds p Man: they are fed with fresh Beef Rye Meal & 
Petatoes, which I suppose can be procured here for the pres- 
ent. Your Honors need not be Informed that a Supply of 
both Ammunition and Provisions is necessary immediately 
if it should appear expedient to keep the Troops on the Sea 
Coast, and indeed some Ammunition will be necessary for the 
inhabitants in case no Troops should be kept up. 

I have not heard of the Supplies which the Gen' was 
expecting before the evacuation, & fear least they have fallen 
into the hands of the Enemy. — 



:V2 DOCrMENTAKY HISTOIfY 

An lv\j)r('ss from vniir lioiior 1 am iiifoniu'd, turiul hack 
the (lav licfori' I anivM at ( "amjxlcii on licariii^ of our Disas- 
ter I was not acquainted with his husincss. — I have this 
inoinent on Account hy L' Little of the Hazard, that Gen' 
Lovell after every Possible exertion to save the Fleet, & 
after seeing the last of thcni on Fire much aju^ainst his Op- 
pinion ; had crossed over from the Head of Penobscot to Ken- 
neheck River ; in which case I think it most likely that Cap' 
Lovctt who goes express with this will meet him either at 
the Crossing the River or on the way ; I shall therefore 
inclose this to the General who will send it forward to your 
Honor or not, as he thinks. — Cap' Lovett is a Gent" of 
a very good Character & his information respecting the Situa- 
tion of the Coast here may be depended upon. lie advances 
money for the expences of the Journey, which I have given 
him encouragement will be repaid him on his arrival at 
Boston «& which I ask as a Favour. 

I shall remain in this Quarter till i receive Orders from 
the General or from your Honor, when I hope to have Leave 
to Keturn. Tn the Mean time I have the Honor to be 

Honord Sir ^'our very Humble Servant 

Pelcg Wadsworth, W Gen' 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber August 19'" 1779 
Ordered That the Board of War be and they hereby are 
directed to procure Provisions sufficient for five hundred Men 
for a Fortnight, and to procure a small fast sailing Vessel 
to ship the same for the Purpose of sending said Provisions 
to Townsend for the Relief of the Troops under the Com- 
mand of General Lovell — or to such other Place as the Mas- 
ter of the Vessel shall find the said Troops have retreated to. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 33 

The Command of this Vessel be given to a Person in whose 
Judgment as well as Fidelity the Board of War may rely 

upon 

Attest 



Order to Brigadier General Lovell. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber Aug^* 19^'' 1779 
Ordered the Brigadier General Lovell be and hereby is 
directed to take Post at such Place in the Eastern Parts of 
this State as he shall judge upon due Deliberation to be most 
conducive to the public Service, and that when he has de- 
termined on the Place for the Purpose aforesaid, he be 
directed to order Col° Henry Jackson's Regiment, to repair 
there without Loss of Time and that Brigadier Lovell be 
further directed and impowered to call upon the Militia in 
that Quarter for a Kcinforcement from Time to Time, as he 
shall find to be indispensibly necessary to secure the Eastern 
Counties in this State from being plundered and ravaged 
by our merciless Enemy 



President of Council to Brg^ Gen^ Lovell. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber August 19 1779 
Sir 

The Council have this morning been informed that the 
Enemy at Penobscott were reinforced and had demolished 
our fleet, & that you were obliged on that account to Raise 
the Seige at Majorbagaduce Point, & to retreat into the 



34 Doc^^^^,^'TAKY niSTOKY 

Countrv. Upon the ("oiincil Ktveiviiif; the above informa- 
tion tliev thouirht Proper to pass the inclosed orders for the 
rule of your conduct in case it should prove true you will 
therefore conduct your self accordingly. You have also 
inclosed a Proclamation which the Council have thought 
proper to Issue to Stimulate and incourage the Inhabitants 
in the Eastern parts of this State to Rouse and Stand upon 
their defence <&: to Support you in all your Exertions to op- 
pose the Enemy in that Quarter. You may depend upon 
the Councils doing everything in their power to put a better 
aspect, on the operations to the Eastward than they at present 
seem to ware. Relying upon it that God will not permit 
this his Professing people to be troden down by those who 
thurst for their blood. Wishing you all who are embarked 
in the same noble cause, the Divine protection & Blessing I 
am in the name e^' behalf of the Council your humble 

Servant 

President 
Brg^ Gen' Lovell 



Order of Council. 

State of Mass"" Bay 

Council Chamber Aug* 20**' 1779 

Whereas it has been represented to the Board that a Ves- 
sel belonging to has been impressed by the 

Board of War for the Purpose of transporting Provisions 
for the Troops under the Command of Gen' Lovell at or near 
Townsend 

Therefore Ordered that the Board of War be and they 
hereby are directed to write a Letter to General Lovell or 
the Commanding Officer there desiring him to discharge 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 35 

Said Vessel imediately after landing the Said Provisions in 
Order that the ^Master of said Vessel may return to Boston 
as soon as possible to take in his loading for the W Indies of 
Pickled Fish &c which he has been obliged to unload for the 
Service of the Public 

Attest John Avery D'' Sec^ 



Camp at Passadumkee Aug' 20''' 1779 
Sir 

By Col. Bucke I must acquaint you that I have acted in 
the Service during this present Campaign in different Capa- 
sitys, Sometimes Commanding the land forses & sometimes 
with the Indians, I made it my Study to deale the Justice 
in my power & I believe the Gen' and all his officers Can 
Witness that I was Sorry was not Join'' by Col. Allan as I 
think his advice in Council of War would have been of 
Service & I am sure his activity in actual Service will any 
time do him honour. 

I am unhappy for this poor Country we made Such a 
Scandulous Retreat & then in the utmost Confusion & Great- 
est precipitation Blew up our Shipping the day before this 
Scene I was the Commanders pilot ancored him a little 
above mash Bay, he never can answer for this Conduct he 
will have the curses of the people for ever upon him the 
Indians is amasingly incensed against him I was Glad to 
heare the Indians Gave the Gen' such Strong assurance of 
Friendship at their town for I was affraid they would Join 
against us seeing our deplorable Cituation, Co' Bucke I hope 
will give your honour just accounts 

I have thought it advisable to tarry here & go down before 



36 DOCUMENTAKY II ISTOUY 

I go to ^facliias to Know the Situation of our sickc what force 
Came in ilvrc. Shall innncdiately Write your Honour what 
Intilegance I gitt by the way of Kennehecke 

I hope we Shall he Able to defend ^fachias if attacted 
indeed I expect we Shall be I am determin to do all in my 
power to keep the Indians in our Interest & defend the place 
to the last drop 

I lost all my linen <Sr many other Articles hope the Honor- 
able Court will make them Good to me as I have dun every 
thing to save the Country 

I am may it please your Honour 
P. S. hope you will your most Obedient 

Excuse the incorrect- Humble Ser* 

ness & Writing its wrote John Preble 

on my Knee with bad 
pen & Inke & a heart 
full of Grief 



Lellcr from Jnmrs Wilkhhson, Clo. General. 

Philadelphia Aug' 20'" 1779 — 
Sir 

I have the honrmr to transmit you, the Copy of a Letter 
which I have received from tlic Pxiard of War, with the Ordi- 
nance of Congress for the Regulation of the Cloathing De- 
partment, and as the language of the Honble Board is amply 
expressive of the Publick Necessity for your assistance I 
shall wave every other Sentiment on the Occassion, but my 
warmest prayers for the success of our attempts to Cloath 
an army which most deservedly merits every possible Com- 
fort — I hope to be honoured with an answer to the Material 



OF TlfE STATE OF MAINE 37 

points containM in tlic enclosed Letter from the Jjoard of 
War and have the lionour to be 

Your Excellencys 

Most Humble Servant 
In Council Scp^ IG"' 1779 James Wilkinson 

Read & Sent down Clo. General 

with the Papers Accompanying 

John Avery D Sec'y 
The Hon*"*' 

Jeremiah Powell 
In the House of Representatives Sep* IG''' 1779 

Read & thereupon Order'd, That Capt Williams of Salem. 
Mr. Greenleaf & Capt Wales with such as y" Hon'''® Board 
shall join be a Committee to consider y^ same, & repor[t] 
what is proper to be done thereon 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk'' 
In Council Sep* 16, 1779 

Read & Concurred and Thomas Cushing and John Pitts 

Esq"" anjoined 

John Avery D Sec'y 



President of Council to Col° H" Jachsoii. 

State of Mass. Bay 

Council Chamber Boston Aug* 21" 1779 
Sir 

This Board have rec'd your Letter date the 19*'' at Ports- 
mouth and are happy in your Safe Arrival there with the 
whole Fleet under your Command. They approve of your 
Resolution to march to Falmouth, and make no doubt but 
upon your Application to the People of Portsmouth, or as 
it appears to the Council most eflfectual, to the Selectmen of 



38 DOCUMENTARY ItlSTOIiY 

tlio Towns l^astwaixl of Portsmouth, you will be amply pro- 
vided wiili Waggons &:e for the Transportation of your Bag- 
gage Provisions cV military Stores. By the time of your 
Arrival at Falmouth, you will probably receive Directions 
for your further Conduct from Brig"" Gen' Lovel who is 
authorized, if he shall judge it necessary, to call in the Militia 
of the Counties of York Cumberland & Lincoln It is ex- 
pected that so spirited, expcriencd and well Disciplind a 
Kcgimcnt as yours is will add Vigor to the Inhabitants of 
that Part of the State, upon whose Attachment to the Cause 
of their Country great Dependence is to lie had. a Single 
Disappointment though attended with Loss should by no 
means be a Discouragement to us. It is hoped that a Re- 
spectable Body of the Militia will be again collected, at Such 
place as Gen' Lovel if necessary Shall think most convenient, 
and that by the Smiles of Heaven our Enemies in that 
Quarter will yet be subdued. We pray God to protect & 

prosper you. 

In the Name & behalf &c. 

CoP H^ Jackson J. P. P. 

Portsmouth 

p Express — James Perkins 



Letter Charles Cushing B'^ G' to the Council 

Pownalboro August 21 1779 
To the Hon"" the Council of the State of I^Iass*" Bay 

May it please your Honors This accompanies a Petition 
from the Committee of Georgetown setting forth in a proper 
light the exposed Situation of that place & the poor circum- 
stances they are under for defence of an Attack from the 
Enemy, which we have the greatest reason to fear from 
threats given out by them, I need not inlarge to induce your 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 39 

honors to make necessary provision for the defence of this 
place as the Eastern Country is now become the seat of War 
& unless the most important places are defended in the best 
manner (as undoubted — Kennebeck must be allowed to be 
a Principal one) all safety of retreat must be cut off not only 
for the Militia of this County but for any Troops that your 
Honors may think proper to Station in any parts to the East- 
ward thereof as indeed appears very essential should be done 
at this time, a little precaution may save us from being 
involved here & keep the Enemy from any nearer approaches 
With your Honors indulgence I would suggest the propriety 
of stationing some Troops at Camden & of erecting a fort 
there, & also of Stationing troops at some of the principal 
Rivers between that & Kennebeck River, Sheepscut River, I 
apprehend ought to be well guarded as that is a Commodious 
Harbour for Men of War of the first Rate — if the enemy 
should get possession of Kennebeck & Sheepscut Rivers, it 
would cost the Continent much blood & Treasure to regain 
them. The Consequence of this Eastern Country to the rest 
of the State is so well known to your Honors that I need not 
urge any thing to enduce a particular attention to the same — 
If any Troops should be Stationed in this river Kennebeck I 
beg leave to recommend Major Lithgrow as a Suitable person 
to command (provided his Commission in the Continental 
army would not interfere) if your Honors thought proper. — 
I am with the greatest Esteem &c 

Charles Cushing B^ G' 

Order of Council. 

Council Chamber Aug' 21'^ 1779 
Ordered That the Board of War be & they hereby are 
directed to issue their Orders to the Commander of the Pro- 



40 DOOl'MKNTAkY IlIS'I'oKY 

vision Vessel hulciic'l with supiilics i'nr tlie Troops under the 
('iiiiiiii;ui(l of (Jeneral Lovell to sail imniediately for Fal- 
inoutli in Ciisco J>ay ^ there deliver the Provisions to Col° 
Henry Jackson, subject to the Orders of Gen' Lovell for the 
use of the Troops that are or may be under his Command — 



Order of Coimril. 

Council Chamber Aug' 21, 1779 
Ordered tliat the Selectmen & Committees of Correspond- 
ence Inspection & Safety of the several Towns in this State 
between the Town of Kittery & Falmouth inclusive be & they 
are hereby authorized & directed to afford all necessary Aid 
to the Regiment under the Command of Col° Henry Jackson 
by furnishing them by Impress or otherwise with Waggons 
&c for the Transportation of their Baggage Provisions & 
Military Stores from the Town of Portsmouth to Fal- 
mouth — 



War Office to Capt John Kilburne. 

War Office, Boston, August 21" 1779 
Capt John Kilburne You are directed to proceed in the 
Sloop Fancy of which your Master for Falmouth, Casco 
Bay, where you are to make immediate «& diligent enquiry 
respecting the Army under General Lovell & to what place 
they may have returned, upon learning which you are to 
proceed accordingly k when you find them, deliver your 
Letter & Cargo to General Lovell or the Commanding Offi- 
cer on that service after which you are to return to this place 
Should you not hear of General Lovell or his Forces at 
Falmouth you are to proceed to Townsend or any other Har- 



OF TIIK STATE OF MAINE 41 

hour or place in the Eastern Country except Penobscot where 
it is probable you may meet them & Conduct yourself as 
above directed, But should you meet with any Detachment 
of that Army in any of the places, you may put into that 
may be in want of Provisions you are to deliver what may 
be necessary to the Commanding Officer taking his receipt for 
the same. 

You are to keep a vigilent Look out that you fall not into 
the Hands of the Enemys Ships of War or Privateers and 
are to Coast along shore the whole way that you may upon 
occasion make a safe Harbour for which purpose we have 
furnished you with a Pilot who is well acquainted with 
every River & Creek in that Country. 

Upon the whole we earnestly reconmiend a strict attention 
to these you orders & that you make every Exertion to carry 
them into effect 

We are Your Friends &c 

by order of the board E. I. 

P. S. Notwithstanding the Above, You are directed to 
proceed immediately to Falmouth, Casco Bay, & deliver the 
several articles on board the Sloop Fancy, to Col° Henry 
Jackson or his Order, taking his or their Rec* for the same, 
after which you are to return to this Place as soon as 
possible — 

I acknowledge the foregoing to be a true Copy of my Orders 
rec*^ from the Board of War, which I promise to obey — 

Jno Kilburne 

John Browne, P. P. T. to George Williams Esq''. 

August 21, 1779 

The aforegoing is a copy of our Last respects to you. It is 
possible you may not have received the above, and it being 



42 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

absolutelv iieecssarv that the Balhist for tlio Ship Should 
bo immediately procured, we take the Liberty again to re- 
quest your assistance in this matter, and to inform us by 
the first opportunity whether you have received this. 

We doubt not you feel very sensibly with us the Loss of 
our Fleet at Penobscot t; but when we consider the spirit & 
resources of our Country we see no cause to dispond. 

We are with much respect Sir Your humble Servants 

By order of the Board 

John Browne P. P. T. 
George Williams Esq^ 

True Copy Seth Loring Secy 



Letter Jor\? Titcomb Chairman, &c., to Hon. Jer^ Powell 

Newbury Port Aug' 21 1779 
Sir The People who have been on the late Eastern Expe- 
dition are now returning, and being destitute call upon us for 
supplies, we are disposed to do every thing in our power nec- 
essary for their Comfort but as this town is a Sea Port and 
so near the Confines of New Hampshire we expect that great 
numbers of the Navy and Army will be applying to us for 
help unless some provision is made for their Relief in another 
way ; and as we have had a Vast deal of trouble in the like 
ivay, and have expended large sums of Money for which we 
have had no compensation, we shall be exceeding glad if your 
Hon*"'* Board will take this Matter into your consideration 
and make needful provisions for these returning People by 
appointing some suitable Person to the Business or otherwise 
as you shall see fit, we shall at least hope to be informed as 
soon as possible what are the Sentiments of the Hon*"* Coun- 
cil respecting this Matter that we may conduct ourselves 



OF TUE STATE OF MAINE 43 

accordingly and am in behalf of the Select Men and Com- 
mittee of Correspondence &c 

Sir jour most Humble Serv* 

Jon* Titcomb Chairman 

P. S. We would also inform your Honors that we thought 
that the Men that are returning home from the Eastward, 
who have been on the late Expedition would be in the 
greatest want of the iSI"eeessaries of life, and suspecting there 
is scarce any Provisions among the inhabitants of the eastern 
Country and in order to relieve as ]\lany of their wants as 
Possible have dispatched a small armed Schooner as far to the 
Eastward as they could go with Safety with some Provisions 
Rum &c and ordered them to be deliver'd out in such Quan- 
tities as circumstances may require which we flatter our 
selves will meet the approbation of the Hon*"^ Board 



Letter Jn° Murray to the Hon. Jer^ Powell 

Brunswick Aug* 21^' 1779 
Sir I take the liberty now to inform you that it was on 
Wednesday afternoon that we rec'd the disagreable news 
from Penobscot ; on which we put into Piscataqua ; I set for- 
ward immediately in order to rouze the Country from their 
present idle despair — I have requested the Brig" & Col°^ of 
Militia wherever I came, to have their whole force ready to 
march on the shortest notice to any place where it may be 
thought best to make a Stand — and have engaged teams to 
convey the baggage & Stores by land from Portsmouth to 
Falmouth and thence by water (tho' within land & out of 
the way of any enemy) to Townsend: — the Deserters are 
innumerable — their Officers however are trying hard to be 
foremost : I have urg'd the Committees to collect and provide 



44 DOCUMKNTAUV IlISTijUY 

for them: I liaxc pickM ujt ('ol" .Mitdicl & brought liiin on: 
1111(1 am ii<»\v in quest of General Lovell — when I find him 
we will know where to St-and — mean time I have sent 
express to General Wadsworth, who is nobly endeavoring to 
collect the remains of the deserted army, & make a Stand at 
Cambden, to assure him of immediate Succour from Col° 
Jackson — Our case is very bad 100^ of families are now 
starving in the woods — their all left behind them — all will 
despair — & the ^Majority will Quit the Country & the rest 
will revolt if something vigorous be not done to protect them 
from the insolence of the triumphing foe, who are carrying 
fire & desolation wherever they come: — a large reinforce- 
ment of Men — intrenching tools — Cannon Ammun" & pro- 
visions is absolutely necessary to save us — not a moment is 
to be lost — a very little delay will put us beyond remedy — 
but if we are immediately reliev'd: this little disaster need 
not discourage us — it will, if we act with proper spirit, 
issue in our Good, I hope every Man will be obliged to be 
ready that all deserters will be collected — & that the fugi- 
tive Officers will be properly rewarded — I am now setting 
off by water up Kennebec if peradventure I may light of 
the General &, when it is in my power shall not fail to inform 
you further of any thing Material that turns up, — 
I have the Honor to be with great regard, 

Sir your most Obed* very Humble Serv* 

Jno Murray 



E Johnson Prest pr T to Col. II T Jackson 

War Office, Boston, Aug' 21, 1779 
Sir/ In Consequence of an Order rec'd this Day from 
the Hon"'^ Council, We are directed to send the Sloop Fancy, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 45 

John Kilburne Masf" to Falmouth in Casco Bay and there de- 
liver the provisions on board her, to you, subject to the Orders 
of Gen' Lovel, for the Use of the Troops that are, or may be, 
under his Command — 

We request that you will discharge the Sloop as soon as 
possible & allow here to return to this place 
We are with Regard & Esteem 

Y'&c 

E. Johnson 

Pres* pr T 
Col H. T. Jackson 



Order to Board of ^\ar. 

Council Chamber Aug* 21* 1779 
Ordered That the Board of War be & they hereby are 
directed to suspend the sailing of the Vessel with supplies 
for the Troops under the Command of Gen' Lovell until 
further Orders of this Board — 



Letter from Stephen Hills. 

Newburyport — August 22, 1779 
Gentlemen : 

I should be glad Air Piper tS: his gang was hear as Our 
Mast is Ready to Set. Men will be hear plenty In a fue 
Days as We hear tlic Ship is Disstroy'd at pronopscut witch 
I am very sorry to hear we can do but little till the Riggers 
comes Down. 

I am Gentlemen Your Most Obed* & Hom'*' Sar' to Com- 
mand 

Stephen Hills 



46 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter H. Jackson iu lion''''' Jereminli Powell, Esq. 

Portsinoiitli Aiig^ 22, 1779 

Sunday 4 oclock 
Sir 

This moment I rec'd your favor of yesterday by express, 
am happy the Ilon*"^ Board approve of my determination of 
marching my Regiment to Falmouth. 

The Morning after my Arrival here I apply'd to Brig'. 
Gen". Frost of Kittery, to furnish me with Waggons to 
Transport my Baggage, Provisions &c. which he readily com- 
ply'd with — part of my Provision &c I have sent on, the 
remainder will move on tomorrow morning at day light with 
my Regiment — The board of War of this State have af- 
forded me every assistance I stood in need of — 

L* Col°. Revere this moment arriv'd from Penobscott, he 
informs that the whole of our Shipping is destroy'd, with 
all the Provisions Ordnance 6c Ammunition k the whole 
Army Deserted and gone home^ I refer you to him for 
particulars who sets off for Boston this Evening. 
' The Ordnance Sloop I shall order to remain here till he 
receives Orders from the Honorable Board or Brig"" Gen' 
Lovell. 

I am with great respect your Honors most Obed' Humble 

Serv' 

H. Jackson 
The Hon"' Jeremiah Powell Esq. 

Council io Cap' Sam'' Laha. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber Aug' 23, 1779 
Sir 

As Col" Jackson has proceeded from Portsmouth to Fal- 
mouth with his Regiment Baggage by Land kc, you will im- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 47 

mediately dismiss the Transports under vour Care & direc- 
tion excepting such of them if anv as Col° Jackson may have 
ordered to Transport Provisions Baggage or Military Stores 
to Casco Bay or elsewhere, & also proceed with the Vessell 
under your Command to Boston immediately 
Cap' Sam' Laha 



Letter from S. HoUen. 

Philadelphia Aug* 24*^ 1779 
Sirs 

I have the honor of inclosing a number of Acts, lately 
passed by the general assembly of the State of Xew Jersey, 
and by what is wrote on the outside leaf, you will perceive, 
that they were to be communicated, by direction, thro' .the 
hands of their delegates in congress, and that they are de- 
sirous of a "communication in kind from y® State of ]Mass" 
Bay," if the proposal should be agreeable to the hon*"^ board ; 
they will be pleased to give y^ necessary directions to the 
sec^; and if it should be thought most adviseable, that they 
shou'd be conveyed thro' y® hands of your delegates in con- 
gress, they will be properly noticed, & delivered accordingly. 

I have the pleasure of congratulating the hon'''® board, on 
the success of our troops under the immediate command of 
Major Lee; I have not the particulars before me, but have 
no doubt, they will reach you before this. 

We are anxiously concerned here, for our fleet and army 
at penobscot. 

The honorable M"" Partridge arrived (safe) here, on thurs- 
day last 

I have the honor to be, with the highest sentiments of re- 
spect, sir, your most obedient servant ; 

S Holten 



48 DOCDMENTAKY lllS'lOia- 

In Council Sep' 9 1770 

lu-ail \- Sent down witli a Copy of Sundry Laws passed 
in tlio State of Xew Jerj^ey accompanying the same 

John Avery D Secy- 
Tlie hon*"'" the president of the council of Mass" Bay. 
House of Representatives Sept 9'" 1779 

Read & thereupon Ordered. That ^faj"" Holmes & Mr 
Cranch with such as the Hon. Board shall join he a Com- 
mittee to consider the same & report what is proper to be 
done thereon — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk"" 
In Council Sep' O''' 1779 

Read & Concurred and Francis Dana is joined 

John Averv D Secv. 



Deposition of Daniel Mitchell Aug. 2 J,, 1779 

Daniel ]\Iitchell of Lawful Age, Testifieth k Saith, that on 
or about the third day of July last past, he entered the Sloop 
Defiance, himself as Master, & Gilbert Winslow Jun"" & Amos 
Prince mariners, by Charter party with the Board of War, in 
the Service of this State, or of the United States, to go as a 
Transport Vessell & Crew in the Expedition to Penobscot & 
they Accordingly proceeded on the voyage, &, Continued in 
the Service, untill the retreat, at said Penobscot on the 14th 
instant in which lotrcat he carried of part of the Troops, & 
being busily employed in landing Said Troops with his lx)at, 
he unfortunately lost, or left on board All his own Cloathing, 
& his pocket book, in which besides some money, & valuable 
papers to him, was the Charter party of the said Sloop De- 
fiance, for the aforesaid expedition, that while he was looking 
for his things on shore, the enemy's Shiping k so many ves- 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 49 

sels on fire had got so near the said Sloop defiance, & his boat 
carried of, that he could not get on board again, And that 
Said Sloop defiance, was lost on the Aforesaid 14^'' instant, 
by being drove A Shore by the enemy in Penobscot River 
And further Saith not 

Daniel Mitchell 
North Yarmouth, August 24, 1779. 

Cumberland sc Xorth Yarmouth August 24 1779 

Daniel ]\Iitchell Appeared & made oath to the Truth of 
the Above deposition by him Subscribed. 

Coram John Lewis Justice Bates 



Letter from the Council. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber August 25 1779 

Sir the Council Rec'd yours of the 19 Inst with an Ac- 
count of the disagreable Issue of the Expedition at Penob- 
scott. The Council However receive great Satisfaction in 
your Exertions to protect the exposed Inhabitants of the 
Eastern Frontiers. 

The Council have this Day ordered the Brigadier of the 
County of Lincoln To detach three hundred men properly 
officered & accoutred & to march them with out Loss of Time 
to the exposed parts of that County to relive those Com- 
panies detaind by you for the Protection therof & have given 
Direction in Regard to Supplies durng their Continuance 
in Service and Have likewise directed the Board of Warr To 
forward Such ]\[ilitary Stores as thought Xecessary agreable 
to your Recommendation 

The Council have not received any Advice from Gene' 
Lovell Since his Retreat from Penobscott but Suppose He 
is on his Return 



50 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

It is the Expectation of roiiiicil th:it Gen' Level & your- 
self together with that Part of the Army under his Com- 
mand that helong to Boston or parts adjacent should Return 
as Soon as the Scituation of Affairs at the Easward will 
permit, at furtherest on the Arrival of the Detachment 
above referred to 

As some considerable Expences have accrued during the 
Retreat it is the Desire of the Council that all Persons who 
have Afforded Supplys to Gen' Lovell or any part of his 
Army since their retreat should be desired to forward to the 
Gen' Assembly An Accont of their Disbursement in order 
for payment 

Inclosed you have a Copy of the Orders given to Brig"" 
Gen' Cushing 



Letter to Committee of George Town. 

State of Mass"" Bav 

Council Chamber Aug' 26'" 1779 
Gentlemen, 

Previous to the receiving your Memorial, The Council 
had ordered the Brigadier of the County of Lincoln to De- 
tach from the Interior parts of s*" County 300 men and form 
them into Companies with proper officers to be Stationed at 
Such places as he should think proper for the Defence of the 
Inhabitants, and also ordered 300 w' of powder, 900 w' of 
Ball & GOO flints to be forwarded Immediately «fc Directed 
the s"* Brigadier to appoint Some proper person to Supply 
the men with provisions — The Board have this day further 
ordered two 12 pound Cannon properly Equipped even to a 
priming Wire, 100 rounds of Cartridges, 100 rounds of Shot 
and 25 rounds of Cannister Shot for each Cannon; 100 
Stands of Arms, one Barrill of powder, 400 w' of musket & 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 51 

200 w' of Buckshot, five Sticks of quick Match, five fathom 
of Match rope & 400 flints, to be forwarded to Said Brigadier 
without loss of Time — 

And you may be assured that this Board will Recommend 
to the General Assembly upon their first Coming together 
(which will be very Soon) to make Ample provision for the 
Defence of the Eastern Country & have no Doubt of their 
perticular attention to the Same — 

In the name &c- — I am <S:c 
Com'^^ of George Town 



Council to Col'' Tho' Crafts. 

In Council Aug. 26^'' 1779 
Whereas Col° Tho' Crafts hath at the request of this Board 
accepted the command of Castle Island during the absence 
of Lieut. (>)P Paul Revere who hath now returned, there- 
fore Ordered that Col° Crafts be acquainted that this Board 
have this Day ordered Lieut. Col° Revere to reassume the 
command of Castle Island, and the thanks of this Board are 
given to Col° Crafts for his readiness in accepting such tem- 
porary command. 

Attest Jn° Avery D Sec'y 



Horatio Gates to Honljle Jeremiah Powell. 

Sir, 

Providence August 26^'' 1779 — 

The Situation of Affairs, to the Eastward of your State, 

giving me no Hopes of seeing Colonel Jackson's Regiment 

return to this Port, so soon as I expected, I must entreat you. 



62 DOCrMEXTAKY niSTORY 

not only to complete your (^uota of Troops, but to make an 
early Provision for rej)la('iiii: the Four Weeks Men, whose 
Term of Inlistment will shortly expire. 

I beg you will not expose me to Censure for having 
trusted your Promise, to replace Jackson's Corps, which 
your Representation of General Lovell's Danger per- 
suaded me to detach, when I was apprehensive of being 
attacked by a Superior Force. The Enemy are per- 
fectly acquainted with our numbers here; and it is 
highly probable that, knowing the Re-inforcements that 
have been sent to you, and to the North River, the Day 
on which the Four Weeks Men are to be disbanded, and 
some other Particulars, they will attempt to spirit up 
their desponding Soldiers, and the Tories, by a powerful 
and rapid Incursion on this State. I am informed 
that silent Preparations are made, which indicate such 
Design. I shall not solicit your Assistance in preserving 
my Reputation ; but it is my Duty to represent to you 
what immediately affects your own, as well as jour 
Safety. 
I have the Honour to be, 

Sir, 

Your most obedient 

Hon'ble Jeremiah Powell — humble servant 

Horatio Gates 



Council to Brigadier Cushing. 

Council Chamber 26''' Aug' 1779 — 
Sir, 

Previous to the receiving your Letter of the 21"* instant 
The Council had ordered three Hundred men with proper 
officers to be Detached from the Interiour parts of the County 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 53 

of Lincoln, & to be stationed at such places as the Brigadier 
of s** County Should Judge most proper for the Defence of 
the Inhabitants — They had also ordered 300 w^ of powder 
900 w' of Ball & 600 flints to be forwarded Immediately & 
Directed the Brigadier of s,^ County to appoint some proper 
person to Supply the men with Provisions. The Board have 
also this day ordered Two 12 pound Cannon properly 
Equipped even to a priming Wire, 100 round of Cartridges 
for each Cannon, 100 rounds of Shot & 25 rounds of Canister 
Shot, for each Cannon — 100 Stands of Arms, one Barrill 
of powder, 400 w' of muskett & 200 w' of Buck Shot, Five 
Sticks of Quick Match five Fathom of Match rope, & 400 
Flints, to be forwarded to said Brigadier without loss of 
Time: And the Board from the opinion they have formed 
of the Abilities & good Character of major Lithgow approve 
of your appointing him to the Command of the men when 
Detached — You may be assured this Board will Recommend 
to the General Assembly upon their first coming together 
(which will be very soon) to make ample provision for the 
Defence of the Eastern Country & have no Doubt of their 
perticular attention to the Same. 

In the name & Behalf of the Council 
Sir, y"- Hum> Ser^— 
Brigadier Gushing 



J. Powell to Col" Freeman. 

Council Chamber 26*' Aug* 1779 
Sir, 

Your Letter dated the 19*'' instant was Rec'' and the 
Council have so far Complied with your Request as to order 
Col° Jackson' Regiment to be Stationed at Falmouth for the 



54 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

present cV li;i\e ordered the necessary Stores to be forwarded 
f(ir their use without Loss of time — I am &c — 

J. Powell President 
Col" Freeman 



Council to Oeneral Lovell. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber Aug'' 27 1779 
Sir 

I am now to inform you that, it is the direction of this 
Board that you immediately transmit to them the most Au- 
thentick account in your power of the number and Strength 
of the Enemy at Penobscot by Laud & Sea also an account 
of the retreat of the Army lately under your Command there, 
and the cause & Circumstances of the same, as also an account 
of the State of matters in the Eastern parts of this State 
that, your account of the matter may be forwarded to the 
Honorable Congress as soon as may be 

In the name and by order of the Council 

I am your humble Servant 

President 



Joseph Henderson Escf to Exchange Prisoners. 

State of Mass"' Bay 

Council Chamber Aug' 27''' 1779 

Ordered — That Joseph Henderson Esq"" Commissary of 

Provisions be & hereby is directed to send on equal Number 

of Prisoners in the Cartel just arrived from Penobscot in 

Exchange for those sent up from there and to send a Person 

of equal Hank with Capt. Titus Salter Commander of the 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 55 

Ship Hamden and said Commissary is directed to send those 

Prisoners that will be the least beneficial to the Enemy — 

Attest John Avery D Sec'y 

An Ace' of Expences from Kennebec to Boston 

Supper, Lodging, horsekeeping & breakfast 

at Howes 48 

£2 .. 8 .. 

At Frosts Hay and Oats .. 12 .. 

At Riggs's at Falm Drive Oats & hay 1 .. 12 .. 

At Allen's at Saco Supper lodging Oats & Hay 2 .. 12 .. 

At Kimbals at Kennebunk Oats 4/ .. 4 .. 

At Code's in Wells Oats 5/ .. 5 .. 

At Littlefield's a ditto Dinner & Hay 26/ 1 .. 6 .. 

At York Oats .. 4 .. 

At Portsmouth Oats 4/6 .. 4 .. 6 

At Greenland Supper lodging Oats & hay 2 .. 10 .. 

At Exeter Breakfast & hay 23/6 1 .. 3 .. 6 

At Kingston Oats 4/6 .. 4 .. 6 

At Haverhill Oats & Hay 7/ .. 7 .. 

Ferriage a Ditto 12/ .. 12 .. 

At Andover Supper lodging Oats & hay 2 .. 18 .. 

At Wilmington Breakfast & hay 20/ 1 .. .. 

At Medford Oats & hay 6/ .. 6 .. 

Ferriage at Charlestown .. 4 .. 

To Horsekeep, & Oats 2 Nights in Boston 3 .. 4 .. 



15 . 


. 16 . 


. 6 


21 . 


. 16 . 


. 6 


21 . 


. 16 . 


. 6 



43 .. 13 .. 
William Lithgow Jun"" 



56 DOCUMENTAEY UISTOEY 

Order of Council. 

State of Maes"' Bay 

Coimcil Chamber Aug. 27"' 1779 
Ordered — That the Commanding Othcer at the Castle be 
and hereby is directed to order the Cartel Just arrived from 
Penobscot under the Guns at the Castle until further Order 

of this Board 

Attest 

John Avery D'^ Sec'' 



Order to Furnish Provisions. 

State of Mass*" Bay 

Council Chamber Aug 28, 1779 

Ordered — That Richard Devons Es'' Commissary Gen' be 

and hereby is directed to furnish the Prisoners just arrived 

from Penobscot in a Cartel with Provisions sufficient to carry 

them to their several Places of abode not exceeding three 

Days Rations — 

Attest John Avery D' Sec' 



Order to Furnish Provisions. 

State of Mass"' Bay 

Council Chamber Aug 28"* 1779 

Ordered — That Richard Devons Esq"", Commissary Gen- 
eral be and hereby is Directed to furnish the Commissary 
of Prisoners with Provisions sufficient for the Prisoners in- 
tended to be shiped on Board the Cartel just arrived from 
Penobscot now bound to New York — he to be Ace'''® for the 

same 

Attest Jn° Avery D' Sec^ 



OF THE STATE OF MAIJsE 67 

Letter F. H. Tarkson to Hon. Jeremiah Powell. 

Falmouth Aug' 28. 1779 
Sir 

I arrived here on the 24*^ Ins*, it being very rainy & dis- 
agreeable march'g my Regiment did not arrive till yester- 
day — on my arrival I made strict enquiry for Brig"" Gen^ 
Lovell & from reports expected him in Town from day to day 
till yesterday evening, when an Express arrived to me with 
a Letter from the Revd Mr John Murray dated at George- 
town Aug' 25. 1779 the foll.g is a Paragraph — "I pro- 
ceed from hence to Fort Western where I arrived at mid- 
night & found the Comodore with Major Brown who is aid 
to the General together with the Secretary & Several others 
of the General's family but not a word from himself since 
he set out from Penobscott in company with some Indians 
& an interpreter together with Major Todd, Col° Davis & 
Docf Downing designing by the help of the Indians to make 
a Short passage by way of the Streams to Sabasticook — but 
now every one that under took the longest route is arrived 
even the women, I have talked with one, that carri'd her 
babe not 4 weeks old & another of 62 that carried bed & pro- 
visions — at three o Clock on Monday morning an express set 
out for the highest settlements on Sebasticook and return'd 
the next night without any tidings of the General — I then 
despatched two f aithfull men from Fort Halifax with Orders 
to follow the Streams & keep the Indian track untill they 
have gone thro' & informed Brig Wadsworth at Cambden of 
the result — you will perceive from this narrative that my 
fears have been alarmed for the Generals safety — Indians 
keep no faith unless it appears to be their present advantage 
to do so — Tories multiply — the hope of reconciliation with 
a victorious Enemy & the Prospect of a Present (even if it 
were a gallon of Rum) would be a sufficient price for the 



58 DOCUME.NTAi:V lllSTt>KY 

life of ail Amt'rii'iin to must of that Class of Men — if the 
present Express brings no better news ilian the last I mean 
next to send a messenger to the Indians to demand him — 
and a Flag to the enemy to encjuire for him — We have 
learned from a man that was lately taken in a Canoe from 
this river & carried to the enemy's camp & afterwards made 
his escape, that the enemy are al)out embarking & are bound 
for Townsend Kennebeck & Falmouth — " 

Your Honor will observe by the above Paragraph that it 
is very suspicious that the Indians have either Kill'd the 
General or delivered him to the enemy A: what makes it more 
alarming is the Gen'" commission was found in the woods by 
a Soldier (S: the Gentleman who came express, inform'd me 
he saw it ^' read it — also from the above Paragraph it 
appears very j)robable the enemy intend to pay this Town a 
Visit — ^: it's my opinion that this Harbour from the Sit- 
uation will be their first object — I shall therefore make a 
stand here until I hear from the Hon'''® Board — I this morn- 
ing order'd Capt Vose of the Continental Artillery, (who 
Gen' Gates was pleased to detach from his Army with my 
Regiment to immediately examine into the State of Cannon 
<t ordinance at this Port &: make return to me of their Situa- 
tion — The Sloop with ordinance Stores on board remain at 
Portsmouth wait'g orders from the Hon"'" Board, as She 
was not put under my direction, k my not knowing what 
Stores are on board her, cannot det[er]mine if this will be 
wanted at this port — Yesterday the Sloop Fanny Cap* Kil- 
l)urn arrived here with Provisions from the board of war 
at Boston directed to my care to be deliver'd to the Order 
of Gen' I>ovell for the use of the retreating Troops under his 
Command^as the General is not yet heard off — and I am 
this moment inform'd the Brigadier of this County has 
ordcrd Col" Mitchels Regiment of Militia to repair at this 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 59 

Port — & as part of s^ Regiment is arrived & are coming in 
every hour — I have thought proper to deliver the whole of 
the above Cargo to Mr John Lucas, Commissary of Issues to 
Gen' LovelP army, to be delivered out to the Troops — if it 
should be the determination of the Hon'''^ Board to make a 
stand here it will be necessary to have a magazine of Pro- 
visions immediately form'd in some place near this port, as 
the Provisions now own hand will not last more than ten 
days — I would also recommend that a Purchaseing Com- 
missary be appointed to purchase fresh Provisions for the 
immediate consumfion of the Troops & the Salt meat & hard 
bread remain'g on hand be keep in case of an immergency — 
Inclosed is a return of Ammunition & impliments wanting 
to compleat the Cannon at this Garrison — & upon examina- 
tion I find this Town & harbour is by no means in a State of 
defence, as but few of the Cannon are fit for any long serv- 
ice, & if the Hon'"*' Board should think proper to make this 
Post defencable it will be necessary to have a number of 
heavy Cannon immediately sen there, & the Town & Har- 
bour properly fortified — the jMilitia are exceedingly desti- 
tute of Arms ammunition and accoutrements, as I find by 
enquiry not more than one half are arm'd & accoutred — no 
news from the Eastward this day, when any thing of im- 
portance arises your Honor may expect the earliest intelli- 
gence — 

I am with the greatest Respect your Honor most Ob* 
hum*"'" Serv^ F. H Tarkson 

The Hon*"' Jeremiah Powell Escf 

In Council Aug* 31, 1779 

Read & Committed to the Committee appointed to take into 
Consideration the Schedule of Ordinance Stores at Portsmouth 

John Avery, D Secy. 



CO DDCl .MK.NIAUY lll.STOltY 

Older to Capt !:^iiiith Wuudu-ard. 

Navy Board Eastern Department 

War Ottice August 28"' 1779 
Capt Smith Woodward 

Vou being master of the sloop Polly in the service of this 
State, it is our orders that you proceed to Long Beach in 
Kcnnebeck Kivcr from whence you are to carry or send the 
Letter you have to Brigadier Gushing in Pownalborough to 
whom you are to deliver all tlie Articles we have shipt on 
Board you k at such place as he may think proper taking 
his receipt for the same. After you have delivered the ar- 
ticles, Brigadier Gushing will discharge from the Publick 
Service — 

You are to keep a good Look out that you may not be 

taken by the Enemy and are to Goast along shore the whole 

way, that you may readily make a Harbour should occasion 

require 

We are Your Friends &c 

I. B. pres' pro tem 

I acknowledge the foregoing to be a true Gopy of my orders 

received from the Board of War, which I promise to obey — 

Smith Woodward 

Order to Furnish Provisions. 

State of Mass''* Bay 

Council Chamber Aug 28"* 1779 
Ordered — That the Commissary General be and hereby 
is directed to furnish Joseph Henderson Esq*" Commissary 
Prisoners with a Sufficient Quantity of Provisions for the 
Prisoners intended to be Shiped on Board the Brig Rising 
Empire bound to Halifax — ho to be Ace*"' for the same 
Attest Jn° Avery D' Sec' 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 61 

Receipt Given to Brigadier Lovell. 

Brigadier Lovell 

Rec'd of Brig"" Gen Lovell nine pounds L mo for convey- 
ing him & others in two Connes from Pownalborough to 

Georgetown 

Samuel Goodwin .Tu"" 

— John Eldred 

£9 Ex-* 

Georgetown Aug* 28 1779 



Letter from Gen. Lovell. 

Georgetown Aug' 28 1779 
Sir 

I am this moment arrived at this place from a long and 
tedious march, which is the occasion of my not writing you 
before which I hope will he a Sufficient apology 

My last of the 14 August was dated in Penobscot River 
immediately after my retreat from Majabigwaduce Soon 
after my writing that Letter our Ships of war on finding the 
Enemy's Fleet superior to them came up with all Sail, the 
Transports were not able to proceed any further than Sandy 
point about five mile above Fort Pownal, the Troops were 
then Landed as the British Shipping were only % of a mile 
a Stern, but being taken up with pursuing out IMcn of War 
they did not play on us, till a fire Ship stop'd their progress 
from going up the River, after taking out but a small Quan- 
tity of Provision the Transports were set on fire. 

Early the next morning I went on board the Commodore 
to Know whether any measures had been determined on by 
the Shipping, & finding no plan for their future operations 
had been settled, therefore the Commodore agreed that I 



62 DOCUifENTAUY IIISTOUY 

slioiiM p(> up ilic Kiver vV: retiucst tho several Captains to 
come on Ix^ard liini wifli tlieir barpcs crew & assist him to 
get uj) the Kiver all wliidi I «liil ;mi<1 endeavonrM to en- 
courage a Stand. l>ut when 1 found my efforts ineffectual I 
then to<ik care to see that tlic Hospital was properly supplied. 

After this I went up the River to the Lower Town of the 
Indians in order to iiave a Conference with them, which T 
thought a matter of the utmost importance, as they might 
from our Defeat, he drove to despair, finding the greater part 
had gone up to their upper Town which is 90 ^lile from the 
!Mouth of the River, and as I cou'd not confer with those, 
they advised me to proceed there I accordingly went & 
gave them every encouragement in my Power & they are at 
Present satisfie<l I shall hv the first Opportunity send you 
a Copy of our Proceedings ^laj*" Todd having the Copi' 
& not with me I found myself Ohliged to promise them a 
Truck house on Kennebeck River which was the first Article 
they insisted on as they cou'd not Subsist without 

I then set out from their Town attended by eight of their 
Tribe whom 1 hired to convey myself & eight persons with 
me to Kennebeck River, the whole were very desirous of 
going to Boston but I cou'd not consent only to two, to whom 
I shou'd be glad, if you wou'd pay twelve Dollars hard money 
each or Cloathing to the same amount, as I was obliged to 
agree with the whole party to give them two Dollars hard 
money p Day the other six I have paid at Fort Weston. I 
thought it best to comply with these terms as I was a great 
distance & in critical circumstances 

The two Indians will be conducted to Boston by Lieu' 
Oilman to whom I refer you for further particulars concern- 
ing them 

I am now setting off for Cambden in order to fix on the 
Different posts necessary to defend the Country, there is a 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 63 

number of Letters from you sent Gen Wadsworth on Sup- 
posing me to be a Prisoner 

You may depend I shall do everything in my power for 
the Good of the State 

Am Sir Your verv Hble Serv* 

S Lovell B^ G' 

P. S. Major Bronville a very worthy Officer has been a 
Volunteer Aid with me, & behaved with the most Soldier 
like manner, shou'd be glad if you wou'd send a Commis- 
sion of Brigade Major for him, his ISTame is Edward Bron- 
ville & send it as soon as possible 



Letter to Hoyi^^ Jeremiah Powell, Esq'' 

Aug 28, 79 
Hon° Sir 

By the direction of Brigad'' Gen' Lovell I inclose to you a 
Conferrence with the Indian Chiefs of Penobscot settlement 
which the Gen' has direct The Bearer Lieu* Andrew Gil- 
man to deliver. — 

I am in behalf of Gen' Lovell and by his order 

Your Honors 
Very Hum'''® servant 

Will. Todd ^faj"- Brigade 
Kenebeck Aug* 28*'' 1779 

Hon*" Jeremiah Powell Esq"" Presid* of Councel ^lassa 

State 

Letter Jeremiah Hill to Honorable Jeremiah Powell Esq'' 

Dear Sir, 

With some other Papers, I had the ^Misfortune in our pre- 
cipitate Retreat to loose my Commission, as it is of Conse- 



04 DOOUMENTAUY HISTORY 

qucnco to an Officer to have one bv him, I must beg it as a 
Favor, that tho liDiiornhle Board make out ami send mc an- 
other of tho same Date Viz, July 2°'' last past : I understand 
hv ^P Murrav. the honorable Board is not well acquainted 
with the Force we had at Majabigwaduce, I have saved all 
the General Returns which is at your Order. 

I have the Honor to 1)C. with due 
S* Georges — Kespect, your Honors, most Obedient 

Aug* 28'" ITTrt very humble Servant 

Jeremiah Hill Adj* General 
Honorable 

Jeremiah Powell Esq' 



Letter from Gen. Lovell. 

Head Quarters Aug' 29 1779 
Sir 

This Day came to hand your Orders of the 19'*' ins* my 
Tour to the Indian Country I mentioned in my last prevented 
my Receiving them sooner, which I shall execute with all 
possible dispatch 

Gen Wadsworth is now at Camden with w'hat few Troops 
he cou'd collect in the retreat, covering the Country, & I 
have wrote to the Brig" of the Counties to assist the Officers 
of the Forces of the Penobscot expedition, to collect & for- 
ward their ^fcn to the dilTercnt Posts I mean to Establish: 
viz at Camden three hundred Men who are to cover the 
Country from Pcmaquid to Belfast & assist the Inhabitants 
in getting off their Stock k Grain, to be in small parties in 
readiness to reinforce each other when attacked. 

At Townsend which I propose at present for Head 
Quarters, Col° Jacksons Reg* who arc to Guard from the 
west side of Pcmaquid to the East side of Sheepscut River 



OF TIIK STATE OF MAINE 65 

At Kennebeck River three hundred Men to be posted on a 
very advantageous piece of Ground at Cox's head, v/ho are 
to dispose of several small Guards from the west side of 
Sheepscut River to Small point. 

At Falmouth the Detachments lately on the Penobscot 
Expedition from Cumberland & York who are to Guard the 
Coast from New Meadows River to Falmouth 

My intentions arc to raise a considerable Fortification at 
this place, and another at the mouth of Kennebeck River, 
which must be supplied with Cannon for their Defence viz 
two Nines & one eighteen pounder at Townsend two Nines 
& one eighteen pounder at Cox's head with their apparatus & 
one hundred rounds each of round & Grape Shot 

Tn order to carry on these Works it will be necessary to 
have three hundred set of intrenching Tools 

I cou'd wish the nine pounders might be mounted on 
Travelling Carriages, but if they cannot be procur'd must 
beg they may be sent without Delay with Garrison Carriages 

There is two Companies of Artillery in this County, but 
have little Knowledge of their Duty, and cannot all be l^e- 
tached, I shou'd be glad if one Company of Col" Revere's 
detachment might be sent back with all Speed for to be 
disposed of at Kennebeck River & Townsend I shou'd like- 
wise beg you wou'd give L'' Col" Revere a very severe repri- 
mand for his unsoldicrlike behavior in returning home with- 
out orders. 

I wou'd be glad to Know tlu; Fntentionsof (^ouncil wliether 
they mean I shou'd tarry here after the expiration of the 
time of Troops under my Command, if they do I must beg 
you wou'd cloath me with the same Authority to call out 
the Militia as I had in the Expedition, and to be furnished 
with some necessaries for my living as I have lost all my 
Stores & camp equipage in the late Destruction of the Fleet 



G6 DOCr.MK.NTAKY IIISTOHY 

(.V: most of ui\ ("loatlis n sclictluli.' ot" what I shall want is here 
with inclost'd 

I tliiiik it of ( '(>iisc(|U('iic(' as ihc Miiciiiv are frequently 
plunderini: the Ishuids of Stock to immediately have them 
taken oil \vhi<'h 1 sliall cndoavfiiir to cfTcct without loss of 
time 

The present appearances of things at ]\Iajabigwaduce seem 
as if the Enemy iiUoinUd to hold their Ground, by accounts 
received this Day from the Eastward that they are daily at 
work cutting down the Trees on the Peninsula k fortifying 
with the greatest industry, having call'd in the Inhabitants 
resworn them with the addition to take u]) Arms <&: compelled 
them to work on their Fortifications, the Enemy's Ships are 
continually cruising off that we can scarcely take a look but 
some of them appear 

I hope the affair of the Truck house on Kennebeck River 

will be attended to as soon as possible, as it is of the greatest 

consequence to retain the Indians in our favour 

Am Sir with Great Esteem 

Your very Ilble Serv' 

S Lovell B-- G' 
Hon"'' 

Jeremiah Powell Esq"" 

Endorsed 



Letter to Jlon'''^ Jeremiah Powell. 

Fahnoutb ?,0 August 1779 
Sir, 

The Committee of Safety &c for Falmouth would inform 

the Honourable Board of their embarrassments, & beg their 

directions. 



OF TlIK STATE OF MAINE 67 

The return of y" Seamen from Penobscot in y^ greatest 
distress imaginable has obliged us to act as commissary, 
Quartermaster, &c. &c. To furnish them with necessary 
provisions & to relieve their distreses we have been obliged 
to issue some impress Warrants ; some provisions we have 
purchased; & some we have borrowed. We have observed 
y^ greatest Economy & order y*" necessary confusions would 
admit of. The men returned without Officers ; without Or- 
der. We shall transmit your Honors an account of our do- 
ings as soon as y^ men have done returning. 

Col" Jackson applys to us for assistance, where he has 
not proper Officers to supply him: This however gives us 
but little trouble: But the Militia, who have returned from 
Penobscot, are ordered to this place. They are not properly 
attended with Officers, & those who do attend them, have not 
proper directions what to do with their men. They apply to 
the Committee. The Committee know of no business they 
have with them. Here we arc much embarrassed. We have 
also frequent applications from Expresses for assistance; & 
some times are obliged to send of Expresses our selves. 

New applications of various kinds are daily made to us ; 
& new difficulties arise. 

In short affairs here are in the wildest Confusion. We 
wish for y" direction & assistance of y" Honourable Board. 
We are, with Sentiments of Respect, 
Your Honours most obedient & very 
humble Servants, 
The Committee of Safety &c. for Falmouth 
By Order of the Committee 

Stephen Hill ; Chairman. 

Hon"'" Jeremiah Powell Esq"" 
President of Council. 



C8 DOCr.MEN TAICV IIISTOKY 

Onlrr of ( 'niniril. 

Stall' of Massnchusetts Day 

("oiiiicil Cliamlter Auijust 150, ITTD 
WlitTca.s it liath hccii represented to this Jxiard that the 
Kncniy have uow Crnizinf]: in this Bay a nnniher of Armed 
Vessels and have lal^rn many Vessels honnd to and fmni the 
Eastern parts of this State, wherehy the IiduU)itants of this 
State are mnch distressed and are likely to be mnch more 
so. Provided nicasnrcs arc not taken to Capture or drive 
otT this Coast all such Armed Vessels of the Enemy; there- 
fore Ordered that it he and hcrehy is Recommended to the 
Xavy lioartl to order the Continental Vessels of War now 
in the Ilarhour of Boston to put to Sea with all possible 
dispatch ; directing them to Cruize between Cape Cod and 
Cape Elisabeth for such term of time as the Xavy Board 
shall think most likely to effect the Salutary purpose afore- 
said 

Attest 

John Avorv T)^ Sec'' 



Mrmordudum of Arlicirs irantrd for llie (icif Lovells family 

Tea ^ladeira 

Coffee Port 

Chocolate Blankets 

Loaf Sugar I pr Boots 

Brown do (S: 1 Great Coat for the Cen as ho has lost his 

West India Bum 

Mustard Pepper Vinegar kc kc 

which must be procured if Gen Lovell is to continue at this 

post 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 69 

Order of Council. 

State of Mass"' Bay 

Council Chamber Aug 31, 1779 

Ordered - that the Commanding Officer of the Castle be and 

he hereby is directed to permit the Sloop Parquet a Cartel 

bound to Cumberland Isaac Beach master to proceed to said 

Cumberland in the Province of jSTova Scotia 

attest 

Jn° Avery D Secy 
State of Mass"' Bay 



Council to Gen. Lovell. 

Boston August 31, 1779 
Sir 

We have your favor of yesterday recommending our send- 
ing out the Continental Ships of War, now in this harbour, 
with all possible dispatch, to Cruise in this Bay. — 

Previous to the requisition, we had directed the several 
Captains of those Ships, to prepare them for cleaning & 
fixing for sea, without loss of time, in which business they 
have proceeded so far, as to render it impossible to send them 
out inmiediately ; especially as their men are dispersed & 
cannot be collected, upon so sudden emergency 

You S" may be assured, we are ever ready to give all the 
aid «& assistance to the Trade of this State, in our power, for 
which purpose we shall order, the Providence & Queen of 
France to be Equipt with all diligence. The Ship Pranger 
may sail in the morning, altho not fully manned; if the 
Captain of the French Frigate, can be prevailed with, to 
Accompany her, perhaps may be sufiicient force, to Chastise 



,(» KuCf M IN TAIJY ll|sr((i;Y 

(lio In.soU'iici' of till- l*',iiciii\ ; lliat -aw said to lie at the iiunitli 
of tlie IIarl)our. WC arc 

y most lnim'"" Scrv* 
In Coun.'il Antr' •".!. ITTD W" Vernon f..r 

Head ti: Ortlcrrd - 'lliat William tlio Hoard 

Sever and Nathan Cushinj:; Ivsij'' lie a 
Coniniittoo to take this Letter into 
( "onsidrrat ion \- rcjiort — 

dn" Avery D See'y. 
Hon'''" .lereniiah Powell V.si]. 
l'resi«.lent of Council. 



Ordrr of ('nunril. 

Count-il Ciianilicr Aug'' 30"' 177'.) 
Ordered that the Selectmen of the Town of Boston he and 
they are herehy requested to order an Inquiry to he made into 
the State and Circumstances of the Prisoners on hoard the 
Cartel Briirantinc General Gates, Alexander Dickey Com- 
mander arrived this day from New York; and report to this 
Hoard as .soon as may he, whether there he any infectious 
Disorder aiiioni: tlieni. 

True Copy 
Attest Sam' Adams Secr^ 



Order of ('ounril. 

Council Chamher Aui^^ .'51, 177!) 
(^r<lered - that the ( 'oiiiniatidinir ntiicer at the Castle he and 
herehy is direeted to permit tin; (aitel Hrig'' Genl Gates. 
Alex T. Dickey Commander to pass the Castle & come nj> lo 
Town attest 

dojm Avery D Secy 
State of Massachusetts Pay 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 71 

Order of Council. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In Council September 2** 1779 
Ordered that the Board of War be & they hereby are directed 
to order Joseph Ingraham Commander of tlie Lincoln Galley 
to proceed by the first safe opportunity with the Provisions 
and Stores on board for Falmouth and there deliver them to 
John Lucas Commissary or his order. 

Attest John Avery D Sec'y 

Powell to Jay. 

Council Chamber Sep' 2*^ 1779 
State of Massachusetts Bay 

I am now to acknowledge the receipt of your favour of 
the 28'^ July & 14*'* Aug* ultimo covering several acts of 
Congress. The General assembly meet next week at which 
time the said Resolves will be laid before them and recom- 
mended to their Consideration 

With disagreeable Sensation I now acquaint you that the 
Expedition to Penobscot (of which we had formed pleasing 
prospects of great good accruing to the United States) has 
proved abortive. On the fifteenth ult° when General Lovell 
was flattering himself with the prospect of success the 
Enemy were reinforced with a Naval force Superior to that 
which we had there and immediately Raised the Seige and 
caused our armed Vessels & transports to push up Penobscot 
River to prevent their falling into the Enemies hands. When 
they had got up the River as far as the Point where Fort 
Pownal stood & into the Narrows the tide being against them 
the whole of the fleet was burnt & destroyed to prevent the 
Enemy from taking them, Excepting the Camden k Hunter 



72 DOCUMKNI'Ai;V lllsKiKY 

wliirli ft'll iiilo llic Miu'iiiic's hands, tlircc or i'uiir of tlii' trans- 
jM.rt. ami llic I'allass. which made her escape. We have not 
as yet rci-eive<l the particiUars fnim (Jeiieral i.ovell h_v reason 
of his bcin,t< ohli^'eil to ^'o 100 mih-.s up the Kivcr to Escape 
the Kneniy and has not had time since liis return to give us 
the |»arlifuhirs of this (•atastn»|>h('. 'I'he most Authcnlick 
account which we have lia<l is contained in I>rii;adier (Jeneral 
Wadsworth's letter Extracts of which you liave inclosed. 
When we have the particidars tlu; Council will do themselves 
the Honour to transmit them to your lionorahle Ilody A 
This will he an nnfort iiiiatt! event if that Post with Nova 
Scotia should he permitted to Continue in the Enemies 
possession, not only to the Tnited States hut to our Illustrious 
Allies as the Enemy will command the "Mast ground" belong- 
ing to this Stale an<l the Co<l fishery which is of the greatest 
consequence to the I'nitcd States will he wrested out of their 
hands. 

A The Uislodging the Enemy ircjm the I'ust they liad 
possessed themselves of at Penobscot was Esteemed by the 
(Jeneral Assend)ly of this State of such Importance to the 
I'nited States as well as to our allies that it was a prevailing 
notice with them to enter upon this Expedition & we doubt 
not it will meet the Api)rohation of Congress although it has 
|)n»v(Ml unsuccessful, we arc still oblidgcd to keep a number of 
the Militia in pay to <lefcnd the Eastern part of this State 
from the Ilavages & depr(;<lations of the enemy 

J. Powell, Pres' 
lIon"'".J.io.Iay Esq^ 

Resignation of Nnlhand Raynca. 

I having been Chose by the Sixth Company of Militia in 
the first Heg't in the County of York to the Office of Second 
Lieut, and have been Hon'' with a Commission dated June 



OF TJIE STATE OF MAIXK 73 

25'" 177G from the Ilon'^ Council, a dispute at that time 
arose with Respect to the Legality of the Choice and that 
Dispute is continued for which Reason I Beg Leave to Resign 
that Commission from Yon'' Hon" Hum' Ser' 
York 2"'' Sep'- 1779 Nathnel Raynes 

To the Hon' Council State Massachusetts. 
I think it best for the Good of the Militia and Peace of the 
Company for your Hon""^ to Except the above Resignation 

Edw" Grow Co." 

In Council Sept. IB'" 1779 Read and Ordered that the 
Resignation of Nath' Raynes 2 Lieut be & hereby is accepted 
& thereupon ordered Col° Edw*^ Grover of the first Reg' of 
Militia in the (^'ouuty of York be and He hereby is directed 
to cause the Sixth Company in his Regiment, together with 
the Alarm List within the Limits of the same to meet together 
and make choice of a Second Lieutenant in the Room of 2 
Lieutenant ISTath' Raynes, who has leave from this Board to 
resign his Conunission, and to fill up such Vacancies as 
shall arise from said Resignation and He is further required 
to see that the Choice is made according to the Directions of 
the Militia Law and duly certified to the Secretary of this 
State. Attest John Avery D Secy. 

Order of Council. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber Sepf 3, 1779. 
Ordered that the Brigadier of the County of Cumberland be 
& and he hereby is directed to Detach from His Brigade 
Three hundred men Including officers and form them into 
proper Companies Sutably Ofticered and see that they be 
properly armed and accoutred as the ]\I ilitia Law of this State 
directs and Cause them to march to Falmouth there to receive 



74 DOCIIMEN lAkV IIIS'I'OKY 

aiul follow such Diulcrs as the S('li'<'tiiR'ii and Coininittee of 
('orres|)Oiulem'e sliall think piojUT to ^ivc thcin and to keep 
SMtli (luards at i-'alnionih ami ('ape Elisabeth and such other 
places as sluUl he .Judged necessary by the Selectmen c^ Com- 
mittee aforesaid and to continue in service for the term of two 
months unless sooner discharged & to be upon such Establish- 
ment as the (icncial ( '(Uirt shall hereafter order and the 
Brigadier aforesaid is hereby directed to appoint from the 
tield officers in his Brigade one Lieut. Colonel & one ^lajor 
to take the command of the three hundred men aforesaid. 
And tlie Committee of Correspondence in the town of Fal- 
mouth be and they hereby are directed to Supply the Detach- 
ment aforesaid with Provisions in the most frugal manner 
possible until the General Court shall otherwise order. 

X. B. -You will please to forward 
the inclosed letter without loss of time. 

Attest Jn° Avery D Sec'y 

Petition of Jonathan Mitchell. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

To the Honourable the Council and House of Representatives 

in general Court assembled 

The memorial of Jonathan Milehcll of Xorlhyarmouth in 
the County of Cumberland in behalf of himself and a num- 
ber of Inhabitants of the Counties of Cumberland k York 
Humbly Shews that he and they were Employed a certain 
Space of Time in the fall of the year 1775 in fortifying the 
Harlmur of Falmouth to prevent the remainder of the Town 
there from being destroyed and which measure alone he be- 
leives preserve<l the same — and no i)ay has boon f)rdorc(l to 
any of them excepting one Company Wherefore your 
Memorialist prays that the Rolls of said Inlial)itants which 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 75 

are ready to exhibited may be allowed & paid of and he will 
pray &c Jan^ 19'" 1779 Jon^ :\ritchell 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives January the 19^'' 1779 
On the Petition of Jonathan Mitchell Resolved that the 
Committee upon Muster Rolls be and they hereby are 
directed to receive and Examine the Muster Rolls of the 
Persons Mentioned in said Petition and to adjust th(; same 
in the Establishment of Sea Coast men for the year 1776 
& that the amount thereof be paid to the Petitioner to the 
use of the Persons named in such rolls he giving his Receipt 
therefor — Sent up for Concurrence John Pickering Spk"" 

In Council Jan^ 19, 1779. Read & Concurred John 

Avery D Secy Consented to^ — Tim" Danielson 

Jer: Powell J Fisher Sam' Baker 

A. Ward Jn'' Pitts Sam" Xiles 

Jed'' Preble B White E Brooks 

W Spooner N Gushing F M Dana 

Moses Gill J Simpson A Fuller 

General LoveU's Letter to the Council Sept. 3, 1779. 

Head Quarters Townsend 
Sir Sepf 3 1779 

Yours of the 27'" of Aug' I this day received ; wherein you 
direct me to transmit to you the most authentick Account in 
my power of the number k strength of the Enemy at 
Penobscot. 

By the best accounts I have been able to collect from 
Prisoners, Deserters, & Inhabitants, while at Majabijwaduce, 
the Enemy's numbers were seven hundred Land Forces, & 
three hundred seamen & j\rarines, who acted occasionally 
either on board or on Shore; the Ships Albany of K, Xauti- 



7(1 DOCr.MI- .NIA!;V IIIMOKV 

Ills of K. \- Ndrili nil ()l'l Sliiit <>{' Is (!uns, tlio Santilciui a 
prizo Ship tliai iiiiiuiiic<l a iVw ('aiiiion. 

\'i>\\ als(» (lirccl iiic to give v<»ii an Acco' of the retreat of 
the Anii.v latelv niider my ('oiiiiiiaiKl, \- the ('aiise & (^ir- 

ruinstanoes of the same — \\vj^' 1"'. at 10 OClock in 

the Evening I reoeivcil advice fmni ( '(imiiiukIiiic Saltonstall, 
informing me tliat (apt Urown of the Deligencc lia<L ii|)nii 
a reconnoitre, diseover'd six Ships in the Oiling; in his opin- 
ion they were lieavy Ships, hut expected furtlier infcjrmation 

hv ('apt IlaHet : ahout 12 ()C'h)ck tlie same Evening 

lie inf(tnned uw. hy Letter "that tlici'e were seven sipiarf! 
rigg'd Vessells olV, five of which were Ships, four of whom in 
his opinion were Men of War, cV re<piested T wouM make my 
movements accordingly" — 

With the advice of my Officers I imiiicdiately dispatched 
Orders to the dillerent ( 'orjis iiiidc]- my command, to hold 
ihemsclves in readiness foi- inai'cliing ; and that th(; iJoats be 
ready on Shore well man'd to wait further orders; at the 
same time, 1 directed the (Commanding Officer of Artillery 
to embark his Ordinance & Stores; & with a fatigue party 
secured every Article in the Commissary & (^ ^I Gen" De- 
partment's ; I then reinforced my Pickett Guards with 100 
Men ; and having advice that only my Troops remained, & 
that the Boats were waiting my Direction, I order'd my 
army to retreat ; which was regularly effected by sunrise 
uv.xi morning: my Guards then were drawn in, & embarked 
without loss of time; & I issued my orders that the Trans- 
ports retire immediately up Penobscot Kiver. 

Tl»e Xights being very dark and the Ground very dis- 
advantajeous, — had not the greatest exertions taken place, 

much must have been left. On an Island in the 

entran<;e of Afajabijwaduce Kiver, were two 18 pounders & 
one 12, under the care of tlie Officers of the A'avy, which 



OF TIIK STATE OF :\rAINE 77 

were not l)r()iit;lit ofl'; ! used every endeavour to secure them, 
l)y ordering a party for that purpose;, hut my time was too 
sliort, the Enemy's Shipping & ])oats then lieing near that 
place, and that part of our Navy which cover'd this post 
having drawn off, I dispatched orders for them to desist. 

After my Transports had passed two leagues up the 

Bay, whicli hrnnght them to tlie entrance of tlie River 
Peno])Scot, they were Ix'calmed ; aii<l the Tide upon Kh])-no 
thing cou'd be done, but to come to Anchor ; soon after the 
Enemy's Ships had a Breeze from the Southward, from 
which they received every advantage, and was the occasion 
of my Transports being so near as al)ovc described, un- 
expected to me I observed our Navy under way, tho with 
little wind, but soon received the breeze, and at 5 OClock P. 
M. were along side of us, the Transports then receiving the 
same advantage, with every endeavour strove to keep way; 
but the Armed Vessells run by and left them to the power of 
the Enemy; for by suns(>t the Enemy's Vessells lay abreast of 
us. The Troops were Landed where they cou'd get the most 
convenient ground: almut half an hour previous to this. 
Directions were given to keep the Vessells at Anchor, but in 
the Evening finding all attempts must \h) fruitless to save 
them, the Enemy ha\ing sent a large number of Boats, 
possessed themselves of one Schooner; and had two frigates to 
cover any movements even to the carrying of my Transports; 
I was satisfied these Vessells must fall into their hands; but 
before I cou'd give my Directions, some of the connnanders 
had Orders from the (\mmiodore to destroy them; the con- 
flagration took place ; & all except three were burnt which 
fell into the hands of the Enemy: Night then having ap- 
proach'd & the Troops being scattcr'd in tho Woods, it was 
impracticable to collect them, and the next morning a very 
few cou'd be found. 



78 nOCrMENTAKY lIlSIOliY 

llrij;' (it'll Wadswurili liciiii: with ihrsc few 'I'rnops tliat 
rt'iiiniiKvl. and fearini; the I )('striiciinn of the Ariiinl Vos- 
st'lls was iiiiili. I liastciiM In ciKlravdur yc securing tlicni, & 

warmly ri iiiiiiiciuIcmI tlial llicv sludiM draw a Line a cross 

the Kivi'r ami cmlcavoiir to sii]tj)ort thciii ; for wliich purpose 
wouM call to that place tlie remains of my Ai-my, ».V further 
assistance if necessary; I iipplicd to the Commodore to Know 
wlu'thcr my measui'c was coiicertecl for the security ot the 
Sliippinir. hut foiiiiil him totally undetermined; the next 
morning I found the N'essells were to be destroyed, the 
Crews having got exceedingly uneasy: &, by 10 OClock, the 
Pri\ate X'essells taken into the service by Government, were 
in thnnes and at th.ese places, viz Sonadabseock &: (\m- 
<lcskcige, in two hours were destroyed all the Sliipping on 
that Expedition; by wliosc direction, or whether by, advice 
of any Ciuincil 1 know not ; seeing this done I then found 
the seciii-ity of that i)Iace was tri\ial; hut unexpectedly dis- 
coverM a universal uneasiness among the Indians belonging 
to that Kiver; and found it most advisable to pay some at- 
tention to them; they then having committed many out- 
rages whii'h dicw terrible Apprehensions on the Iidudiitants: 
I repairM to their Towns, negociated matters with them, 
and etfoctually secureil them to our Interest, the heads of 
which T liave transjnitted, a peice of service I hope will 
meet with the approbation of your honours. 

In the mean time Gen Wadsworth collected at Cambden, 
what Troops cou'd be got togeathcr ainl made a stand, for 
which he deserves partit-nlar thanks. 

I am now to give your honors as perfect an Account of 
the Eastern parts of this state as T am able. In regard to 
the "lilTerent Rivers, Bays and Ilailiouis, I have obfaiuc<l 
the remarks and practice of the most Eminent Pilots, which 
I herewith transmit; This Country is of vast extent, thinly 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 79 

settled, but immensely valuable; the soil, the Timber, and 
the easy conveyance, as will appear by the several Bays and 
branches described, renders it an Object of the highest im- 
portance ; added to this the Salmon Herring, Cod and other 
fisheries, which yield a great releaf to the Inhabitants, and 

is of the greatest importance to Trade. They have 

with great industry nearly bro't to perfection a sufficient pro- 
portion of the necessaries of Life almost equal to that of our 
Western parts, The Inhabitants are our worthy friends ex- 
cept a feu, and seem not to doubt of receiving the Protection 
of Authority, and a sufficient force to dislodge the Enemy, 
and drive them fro*" that valuable River Penobscot. 

The forces at present at Majabijwaduce are as near as can 
be ascertain'd between eight or nine hundred jMen, well 
posted, the Shipping have all sail'd from Penobscot except 
the Albany of 16 Guns the North of 18 Ciinis, — The Enemy 
are finishing their fortress & expect a reinforcement from 
N York, a number of their Ships are Cruising off this Coast, 
am 

Sir Your Honors Very Humble servant 

S Lovell ?/ G' 
In Council Sep' 13*" 1779 

Read & Sent down w'ith several 

Papers accompanying the same 

John Avery D Se^ 



2"^ Division Transports Under Direction Isa Phillip to 
Carry Col Jacksons Provis" Sloop Poly — Woodward 
Schoon Hannah Cap* Sweat Sloop Success Jam' Morton 

I now go on to give Your Honors as perfect an Ace' of the 
Eastern Part of the state as I am able. In Regard to the 
different Rivers Bays & Harbors. I have obtained the Re- 



80 IKtCIMKNTAK-Y lllSToUY 

murks \' pnu'tirc nf ilic M<'>t Miiiimnt pikits which I liere 
with tninsiiiit. This ( '(•iiiitiv is of N'ast extent tliinly sott]e<i 
hut iiuiiieiiselv v;ihi:ihU> tlie soil vVc the liiiihcr mikI tlic Easy 
c'onvevniu'e as will appear hy the several Hays & Branches 
<leserihe«l Renders it an Ohject of the hiirlicst iniportanee 
athied to tliis tlie Salmon «fc other Fisheries which yield a 
prcat Relief to lidial)itants & is of the greatest importance 
to h:ivi>. They have with i!:reat Industry nearly hrot to pcr- 
fcvtion a sntlicient jiroportion of the Necessaries of life al- 
most eipial to that of our Western parts. The Inhabitants 
arc our worthy Friends except a few, & seem not to doubt 
of Rcccevini; the ju-otection of Authority and a sufHcieut 
fori'c (o disjodiic the l\neniy <!!k: dri\e thciu from that Val- 
uable River Penobscot, 

The Forces at present at Majabigwaduce are as. near as 
can be ascertained between S & 900 I^fcn well posted, the 
Sliipjtiuir lia\c all sailM fi-om Penobscot except the Albany 
of 1<» Ciuns tV the North of 18 Guns, the Enemy are a finish- 
ing their fortress tV' expect a reinforcement from New York 
- — some of their Ships ai"e cruising olf this Coast and hav- 
ing every Infoi-niation of the licet being P.rittish 

A ti-ue ( 'oj)y 

Attest Jn" ]\rarston 

Sec'' 



A jiurl of (Inirral Lovrll's rcJalion of fads (luriio/ his rom- 
in'in'1 III I'fiiohsciil. 

In coiise<pieni-e of a ('ouncil of W'ai- held on the !<•"' the 
determination of wlii<-h was to take possession of the (iround 
in the rear of the Enemy's main fort, cV to go in with the 
Ships on the li*"'. on which T dispatched orders to (Jen 



OF THi; STATE OF >rAIXE 81 

Wadswortli who was erecting a Battery on the S. E. side 
of Bigwadiice River which he had almost compleated, to re- 
pair with his force to the main Camp, But was much dis- 
appointed in finding the Volunteers who were on the Main, 
fall much short of the numhers given l)y the returns, on the 
11'*' in the Afternoon order'd six hundred Men to be de- 
tached in order to make an experiment of them how they 
wouM Ix'have, hut only 400 came upon the Ground, after 
harraniruiuir them order'd two hundred to advance Under 
the Command of Major Brown, Brownville & Larrabee, to 
the Battery captur'd on the 1st with orders to send out small 
parties to decoy the Enemy out, the other 200 lay as a re- 
serve in the woods ready to succour in case of necessity, 
about sundown finding the Enemy did not approach them 
I gave the Signal to retire, inmiediatcly on the signal being 
given & they had began to retire, the Enemy rush'd from 
behin[d] a Barn were they whore concealed & gave them a 
fire on A\ liicli they retreated in the greatest confusion not- 
withstanding the exertions of IMajor Brown & Bronville & 
a few other Officers, on w'"'' A General uneasiness took place 
among the Officers commanding Corps & com}dained that 
their Reputation was at stake to go into the Field with such 
Men, and desir'd me to call a Council which I did the results 
of which N 8 is before you 

As this movement was intended to cooperate with the 
Shipings going into the Harbour I the next morning viz 
the 12"' informed the Commodore of our proceedings which 
produced a (\)uncil N i) were they determind not to go in 

In the Afternoon the Officers of the Navy & Army pro- 
posed calling a joint council but while we were confiring 
the Enemy made a Sally which brought on a Skirmish The 
Army being order'd to their alarm posts, the Council was 
defer'd to the next morning which met accordinc;lv On the 



82 IXKlMl.NIAKV lllsroU'Y 

1:5"' liv r> OC'ltH-k, niaiiv wtTc for I'vacuatiiii: the juKst as will 
appear bv X° 10 l>ut as I soon cxpcffed advice from Boston, 
and evcrv iiinniciit a rciiitorcciiiciit l>v ( 'ol" Allan »V I'oilcr, 
and inv orders licini: of surh a Tenor I di>l not considci- my- 
self at Liberty to retreat with out an ()rder from Council, 1 
couM not i2;ive my Vote for leavini; so important a post, as 
1 had rec'd no information of any renforcemcnt on their 
Way to join the Knemy, 

Some of the Officers heing desirous of once more trying 
tlie ^fen l»v enconraiiinir a numher (d' \'oInnteers to make 
an<»ther Atfcmjit In the Afternoon I went myself after 
harranguing them \' promising I wouM myself lead them, 
alnnit ;5»><i lunicd out. half of which joine<l hy ahout fifty 
Marines, went and took post near the (iro\ind were the 
Commodore recjuired the other half lay in reserve with P>rig 
Wa<Isworth Cajtt Uurke of the .\a\y Keing with nic 1 de- 
sirM him to iro on hnnrd the ( 'oiniiiodore to acipiainl liiiii 
I was then ready to fultill his i-c(|uisitions, the Slii])s soon 
after got under way. hut the win«l dying, as we supposed 
prevented their coming in, after remaining till dark T order'd 
my .Men to retire which they did in good order 

for further j>ai'ticulars refer to a Co])y oi a Letter sent 
Council Sep' .*} 1T7:> 

The Train of artilery was not inchnleil in any Kelurn, 
n(»r the voluntiers 'till the last — 

Order to Capl Joseph IngraJiam 

War Office Scptend)er 3" 1770 
Capt Joseph Ingrahani 

We are favoured with yiuirs of 30"' August Immediately 
on Receipt of this, y(»u will imhrace the tirst fa\oural)le op- 
portunity that offers, and proceed to Falmouth in Casco 



• OF THE STATF: of ArAINE 83 

Baj and deliver your Load of provisions k. Hum received 
from us, to John Lucas, Esq"" Commissary of Provisions or 
to his Order — 

You will in the Course of this Trip take care to keep the 
shear on ])oard, that on the Appearance of an Enemy you 
may readily make a harbour, we wish you a safe arrival 
there & are your Friends & Servants 

Samuel C. Savage Pres' 
pr Order 

P. S. If you find it absolutely necessary 

to get a new mast before you sail, 

you will get one & Draw on us for the Payment but we rather 

think it would be as well to fish it & proceed, but of this 

you must be the best judge. 



Order Board of War. 

War Office 3 September 1779 
Capt Woodward 

Sir as you have this day received twenty Boxes of ]\Iilitary 
Stores on board the Sloop Polly you are to proceed direct 
for Falmouth in Casco Bay and on your arrival there de- 
liver the same to (\A° TTenry Jackson taking receipt for them, 
after which yon will follow the orders given you the 28^** 
August past and proceed for Long Beach in Kennebeck 
River, and deliver the remainder of your Cargo as before 
Ordered — 

We are your Friends &:e By order of the Board 

Samuel P Savage Pres' 

I acknowledge the foregoing to be a true copy of my orders 
received from the Board of War, which T promise to obey 

Smith Woodward 



84 nOClMKNTAKY IIISTOIJY 

(Icncral Lovell ii> llir ('<nn\rU SrpL J,. 1770. 

\\v:u\ (,)u:iitcrs Sq.' 4 177!> 
Sir 

III a.l.litioii to iiiv Letter of Vestenhiv I Ii:ive tn inform 
vou that from (iood authority I have just had information 
of (ien MeKeans haviiiir sent a thiir <>f truce lo tlie Indians 
invitinj; tiiom to ho his friends, imt its prohahh' tliev will 
not meet with a verv agrcahic rceeption 

Some Persons (tis to he fearM not well alVeeted to om- 
Cause) are purehasini,' fat Cattle in tliis County and drivinf^ 
them westwanl a practice that will he very detrimental to 
the Troops raised for the defence of these parts I have therc- 
f<»re taken tlie Lihcrty to send a party with an OHiecr to 
Stop any Cattle passing Kcnnel>eck River k requesting the 
Committees of Correspondence \'c to he assisting in so salu- 
tary a work; whii-li I hope will meet with the a[iprol)at ion 
of your honors, hut woud wish to know how 1 am to proceed 
in future on such Occasions as these parts at present wear 
the aspect of the seat of war. 

I have calle<l in the Troojis helonging to the service, hut 
tind their numhers very small at present a return of which 
as soon as I possihiy can ohtain I shall forward. I have issued 
positive orders to the Militia Otiicers and re<piested the Com- 
mittees to forward the ^len, if it is not done I shall not be 
in a situation of Defence 

I have taken the greatest precautions in my power to de- 
fend the exj)osed parts of the ('ountry adjacent to the Enemy, 
hy posting Troops at Camlxlen ami (Juai<ls at Helfast and 
Cfer)rgcs and having intilligence that the I']nemy had taken 
out of the wreck of the Ordinance Sloop, some 18 pounders 
A: smaller cannon (\: landed them on Iliigadier's Island. I 
dctaehetl a party of twenty Men with the hest craft I cou'd 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 85 

obtain to fetch the same otV, since which 1 have not had any 
account from Gen Wadswortli who commands there, 

As it is of ('onsequence to have the harhour of Townsend 
& mouth of Kennebeck Iliver fortified I shou'd recommend 
an able Engineer's ])eing sent this way immediately as Gen 
Wadsworth is so much imployed in his command that he 
cannot attend to it 

With respect to supplies, it is the conclusive opinion of 
the most competent Judges tliat two months provisions may 
be had in the County of Lincoln for 1000 ^Icn the article 
of Bread excepted and not aifect the Inhabitants 

It is my Opinion it will be absolutely necessary to have 
two hundred & fifty Men at Kennebeck Ei\er to guard from 
small point to Sheepscut River; Two hundred & fifty at 
Townsend of Col° Jacksons Reg'' which being disiplined I 
think ought to be station'd there to reinforce either East or 
AVest ; Three hundred at Cambden, who Shall act as Scouting 

partys to Penobscot at Falmouth Tis a long extent of 

coast, and if the Inhabitants are not defended, it will be 
attended with very dangerous Consequences. I have in- 
closed Your Honor Gen' McLain's first oath Imposed on the 

Eastern Inhabitants & his last Proclamation. 

Since my writing the above I have had information of the 
Recall of Colo Jacksons Regem^ by Gen' Gates, and also that 
Your Honors has Ordered a New Levy of Militia to be under 
the Command of the Connnittee & Select men of the County 
of Cumberland, looking upon these Directions as superceed- 
ing my command and l)y them supposing my Return is ex- 
pected. As soon as I can effect the settlement of iMatters at 
this quarter I shall consider myself at liberty to Return with- 
out I can have further directions in the Mean time. 

I make no doubt it would have been to my advantage to 
have arrived at Boston with the Rest but I doubt not vour 



86 iJociMK.N r.\i;v iiist(ji:y 

Honors are sensiMe of my sitiiatinii, ;iii<l as the duly of my 

country lins detaiiR'd iiu', I cont-ludo iiotliini; uiifavorMlilc in 

llie Meantime will take plaec 

1 have forwarded Maj"" Tixld with these papers to 

wh'iiM, pr(i\i(h'd iiiiythiiii: is waiitiii:: I Keter ^ (MII' IlDimrs, 

ha\ iiitr iimie ihro' a detail <d' Allairs. 

1 have the Honor to JSultserihe Myself 

Sir Wnir very humble servant 

S Lovell IV G' 
P: S: 

Maj"^ Drown is likewise directed to iiepair to Jjoston with 

Maj"" Todd who is capable also of giveinj^ any Inteligence. — 

S. L 

In the House (»f Representatives 

Sept. l.V" 177'J 

liead »^ thereupon Ordered That ('oil Little, Maj'' Cross 

k Capt Wales, with such as y" Hon Board, shall join, be a 

Committee to consider y" same with, Gen Lovells Letter of 

y' 3'' Inst — A: Papers accom])aiiying it i: re[)ort what 

IS {)ropcr to be done thereon — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

.lolm Hancock Spk"" 

Jn Council Sep' 15^" 177U 

Krad ».V' ('onciirrcd and ()li\cr Prescot and Samuel liaker 

Ks(j" are joine<l — 

John Avery 1) Sey 

Order of Council. 

State (jf Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chand)er Scpf 0, 1779 
Whereas Thomas .Tenners Carnes Captain of Marines on 
board the ship of War General Putnam in (he late Expedition 



OF THE STATK OF MAINE 87 

to Penobscot hath filed a Complaint against Lieut Colonel 
Paul Revere for disobedience of orders during said Expedi- 
tion and for unsoldierlike behaviour tending to cowardice & 
disobeying his Superior officer. Therefore Ordered that Lieut. 
Colonel Paul Revere be and he hereby is directed Imme- 
diately to Resign the Command of Castle Island and the other 
Fortresses in the Harbour of Boston to Captain Perez Cush- 
ing, and remove himself from the Castle and Fortresses afore- 
said and repair to his dwelling house in Boston and there 
continue untill the matter complained of can be duly inquired 
into or he be discharged by order of the general Court or the 
Council. And Lieut. Col° Revere is hereby directed to 
deliver to Capt. Cushing aforesaid all such orders as he hath 
rec"^ from the Council for the rule of his conduct. 
Attest Jn° Avery D Sec'y. 



Complaint of T. J. Games. 

Gentlemen 

Being Requested to Lodge a complaint against L' Col' 
Paul Revear, for his behavour at Penobscut — Which I 
do in the following manner Viz' 

First For disobediance of orders from General Lovell in 
two Instances, Viz"^ When ordered to go on shore with two 
Eighteen pounders, One twelve, One four. & One Iloitzer 
Excused himself — 

Second 2*^ When ordered by Major Todd at the Retreat to 
go with his Men and take said Cannon, from the Island, 
Refused, and said his orders was to be under the Com- 
mand of Gen' Lovell, dureing the Expidition to Penob- 
scut, & that the seige was rais'd, he did not consider him- 
self under his Command — 



gg DOCr.MK.NTAKY 111S|(»KV 

Tliinllv For lU'.i^Icct (.f Diilv in Scvcial instances — 
Korthly For unsoldiorlikc hclisivour, Durciug the wliole cx- 

pidition to Penohscut, which lends to C'oiirdicc — 
Fifthly For Refiiseinir (icn' Wodsworth, the Castle Barge 

to fetcli some men on slmrc fnmi a Schooner, which was 

near the Knemys ships on llie Kctreat np the River — 
Sixthly For leaveing his men and suHering them to <lis- 

purce and takeing no manner of Care of them — 

T. J. Carucs 
Sep' 0, 177"J 



I'ilithin of I iilidhihinls PcnoJj.scot River. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Sept^ 6^*' 1779 

To the Honourahle the Council of the State of Massachusetts 
F,ay — 
The Petition of the Suhscribers humbly shews That they 
were Inhabitants upon Penobsott River, that upon the Ene- 
mies defeating our Army and Navy there, they with their 
Families being firmly attached to the American Cause, re- 
treated thro' the Woods, and came out at Kennebeok River 
from thence proceeded tc; Casco l^ay depending upon the 
Charity of the People for their Support which was gener- 
ously afforded them, from Casco Bay, took Passage in a 
Vessell and arrived in Cape Ann, from thence by Land ar- 
rived at l><jsfon, being destitute of every Cleans to support 
themselves and Families, till their Arrival at Cape Cod, 
l)eg your Honors would atfoi'd such Supplies as in your 
Wisdom shall think proper, to support them untill their 



OF THE STATE OF >rAINE 89 

Arrival at Cape Cod aforesaid And as in dnty bound shall 

pray 

Jesse Cole 5 in family Joseph Ary 2 in family 

Peter Sangster 3 in Family 

Elishabit Nickerson 7 in family 

Paul Nickerson 3 in family 



Order of (Jouncil. 

State of Mass"' Bay 

Council Chamber Sept* Q'^ 1779 

Read & Ordered — That Joseph Henderson Esq"" Commissary 
of Provisions be and hereby is directed to furnish Joseph 
Ary & two in family, Jesse Cole with five in Family, Peter 
Sangster, three in Ditto Elishabit Xickerson 7 in Ditto and 
Paul Nickerson with 3 in Ditto with Provisions necessary 
for their Subsistance in Boston & until they have an Oppor- 
tunity to go to Cape Cod formerly the Place of their Resi- 
dence as also with Provisions necessary for their voyage then 
to permit Lodgings on Board the Tender to the Guard 
Ships — and the Commissary General is hereby directed to 
furnish the said Commissary of Prisoners with the Pro- 
visions aforesaid — he to be acc'''^ for the same 

Jn° Avery D Secy 



Order of Council. 

State of Mass"' Bay 

Council Chamber Sep' 7"^ 1779 

Ordered- that it be and hereby is recommended to Major 

Rice to issue his Orders directing Capt. Dickey D. Con' 

Commissary of Prisoners to ship on Board the Cartel just 



JJO DOCL'MKN rAi;V IIISTUUY 

nrrive<l from Penol)So/)t an t'liiial Xiiiiil>cr of Continental 
Prisoners of eijual Ivaiik with those that were landed at 
Portsmouth as appears hy a Receipt of the Commissary of 
Prisoners there. 

Attest .lohii A very I) Sec'y. 



Order for Supplies. 

Head Q" Falmo: Sep^ 7- 1770 
Sir 

You will deliver the Pear/ Thirty Rations — and 21/^ 
Gall' of Hum for a Boats Crew destined to Boston By order 

of Gen Lovell 

Ex' Will'" Todd .Maj lirigade 
Com" MfTellan 

Men Rations Bread Beaf Rice 

30— 30— 371/2 30 

Rece"* the within 

p"" Joseph Dunton 

Petition hihab" 1"* Parish Falmouth. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

To the hon Council & house 

of Representatives of said 
State in general court as- 
sembled. 
Whereas a petition of the second parish in Falmouth in 
the county of Cumberland and requesting that said parish 
may be incorporates! into a distinct town is now lying before 
the Court. We the subs('ril)ers inhabitants of said parish 
humbly Ix^ leave to express our Sentiments to your honors 
that in the present situation of the town the prayer of said 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 91 

Petition ought not to be granted — We believe that the parish 
would thereby at present be relieved & eased of several 
burthens occasioned by y** present war more especially the 
maintenance of the poor much the greatest proportion of 
whom live in the first parish, & many of whom are made 
so by the war : but as we ourselves are very ready & willing 
to bear our parts of these burthens, so we cannot but think 
it unreasonable for the second parish to desire at this time 
to through them off from themselves upon the other parts of 
the town & thereby increase their difficulties & distresses 
which in y'' present circumstances of things are very great — 
But altho we allow that the second parish may reap a present 
advantage therel)y which yet they ought not to desire, yet we 
cannot think it will hereafter, in a time of peace & tran- 
quility, be for their advantage. 
New Casco Sept. 7'*^ 1770 

Benj^ Blackstone. Gamaliel Bote jun"" 

Greenf^ Bote Stephen Rowell 

Francis Jones Jabez Jones 

Joseph Wormell George Lowell 

M"" Greenf* Bote says twenty or thirty more signers might 
have been procured if there had been time. 



Atiswer Town of Falmouth to Pet" ;^"*^ Parish. 

To the hon' the council & house of Representatives of the 
State of Massachusetts Bay in great & general court as- 
sembled 

Sept. 1779 

The town of Falmouth in the county of Cumberland, 
in answer to the petition of the second parish, in said town 
praying to be set off & incorporated into a distinct town or 



(»2 ItoClMKN lAKV IIISluliY 

diatrirt U% leave to sav iliat ihev cannot at present con- 
sent l)Ut must object to llic ■;rauting the prayer of that 
petition. 

The Imwii havi' iiiaiiv reasons to t)lfer a«i;ainst it hut at 
present, will trouhle voiir honors with tiie mention ot only 
a fiiw. 

1 In the tirst place the jirincipal husincss of a puhlic 
nature more especially rcjlatinj; to the war is ^: from its 
local situation, must he, transacted, principally, on the 
neck, or principal Seaport, in tlie first parish in the town, 
hv the Selectmen, Committee of Safety & others; which 
(•(tnsiderahly increases the puhlic charges of the town; 
their proportion of which, as they arise in support of the 
common cause, the second parish ou^dit diearfully to pay, 
hut from which they would he wholly eased should they 
Ix; incorporated, while the rest of the town would be fur- 
tlier burthened. 

2 There are near thirty families of continental Soldiers in 
this town entitled to a Supj)ly at the prices regulated by the 
general Court, Three only of which live in the second 
parish, and altho these supplies will be finally paid for by 
the State, Yet the great difficulty of procuring many of the 
necessaries of life which such families must have, the ad- 
vancing the money for jmrchasing the same k bying out 
of it for a considerable, time before it can be repaid, is 
found, in fact, to be a very considerable burthen to the 
town, from which the second parish will be in a great 
measure relieved by being now incorporated, while the rest 
of the town will l>e proportionally and unjustly burthened. 

.'i The town apprehend that the second parish has within 
it.s l)ounds its full proportions of g(M)d land, but not near 
its [iroportion of the numerous ami expensive l)ridges liable 
to Ixj made and repaired by the town : \- therefore by being 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 93 

incorporated it would ease itself of a very considerable 
burthen with regard to the making & repairing bridges, 
and throw the same npon the rest of the town, but 

4'*' and principally The late destruction of great part of 
the first parish, in the town by the enemy, well known to 
your honors, together with the almost total stagnation of 
trade and Inisiness occasioned by the war, in the principal 
Seaport of the Inwii which is in the tirst parish, have 
greatly increased the numl)er of the poor there, whom the 
town must support while the second parish has sufferVl 
comparatively little or nothing by the war, & yet as this 
calamity was occasioned by a Common Enemy and in 
Support of a Common cause, the second Parish ought 
chearfully to share in it. by bearing their proportion of 
the burthen of supporting the poor, especially those thus 
reduced to poverty, altho they do not live within their 
bounds; & the town cannot but esteem it unjust, as well 
as ungenerous, in tliciu to attempt or desire to rid them- 
selves of this l)nrtli('n, and throw it on the rest of the town, 
already labouring under great & almost insupportable dif- 
ficulties, as they would do should your honors grant their 
request. And the town is happy to find a considerable 
number of men of character & property in the second 
parish who coincide in Sentiment with tiie town, \' T think 
that altho the second parish might receive a present unfair 
advantage by a separation, yet that it would not hereafter, 
when peace shall bo restored, be to their benefit & there- 
fore do not ask nor wish l"or it, but object against it — 

The above facts the town apprehend they could fidly 
& abundantly support by proper Evidence had they time 
«& opportunity for it; but the short notice given them by 
the Petitioners (not sooner than the 27'*" of August last, 
tho the order of Court to notify passed in June last & they 



91 DOl'lMKNTAUY IMSIOIiY 

lintl IxfH |xissoss('<l i\( it many weeks hotoro:) the neces- 
sary (.V ur^(^nf l)\isiiicss \\<>\\ lyiiiir Iicfnre the Selectmen & 
coniniittee of Safety in |>i(i\ iiliii;j; tnr ilic Militia ordenMl 
ti> l)e Slationcil here ami tjic ^cnci'al i-niicci-ii of all to j)r()- 
vi<l<' for the (•(miuiioii dctciK-e, miw, when they have groat 
reason to fear an invasion \' further destrnction from the 
Knemy, render it imjwissihie [\\v tlie town to procure ami 
forward such eviih'uce hy the lime they are re(|uiicil to 
nnike answer. idie town must thei-efore sulmiit it to your 
honors to pay sncli credit to tlieir assertions, as your 
lionors shall tliink they merit.— 

Vour lionors will further jx'iinit the town to suji;,i2;est 
their fears that should said ])arish he now incorporatcxl 
into a fiiwn. difficulties iV dis[iutes would arise in settlinpj 
and adjust inir accounts &: demands tV: the proportion of 
taxes hetween the parties, and uneasinesses & animosities 
he occasioned, *,V therein- the attention of the ]>eople diverted 
to ohjecis of comjMrat i\-ely small importanec, when union 
iV harmony are so dcsirahle ami necessary *.\: while their 
whole attention ou£:;ht to he paid to such measures as arc 
now more cspeeially necessary for the Salvation of the 
town &: country. 

lint not further to troulile youi' honoi-s, tlu' town would 
only add. that tli(> only incon\('niencc c()mplaine(l of hy 
their hrethren of the Second parish ( \- which the town 
do not remcmher to have heard of lufore their j)resent 
trouhles) viz — tlieir distance from the place where town 
meetini:s are usually held, is common to many other towns 
in the State, an<l in many i^reater (for many <d' tin; in- 
hahitants of this jtarish. can \- do most fre»piently cV: con- 
veniently come hy water) and. should it he deemed sufH- 
eicnt, would furnish a precedent for numerous applica- 
tions of the like nature; hut whether the division of old 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 95 

towns & thereby multiplying tlieir miniber in the State 
without miicli more weighty reasons is expedient or 
politick is hnmldy su])niitfe(l to the wisdom of the legis- 
lature. 

Signed in ])ehalf and by order of the town by 
Nat. Green :Moody T. Clerk 

At a legal meeting of the Town of Falmouth in the 
county of Cum])erland held by adjournment on the 8^" 
September 1779 

Voted that the foregoing answer to the petition of the 
second parish in said town praying to be incorporated into 
a separate town or district be accepted; and that the town 
Clerk sign the Same in behalf of the town and forward the 
same to the General Court as soon as may be. 

Attest Nat. Green Moody - Town Clerk. 



Remonsf ranee Town of Fryehurr/. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

To the Honorable the Council and The Honourable House 
of Representatives in general Court Assembled 
The Remonstrance of the Fnhabitants of the Town of Frye- 
burg humbly shews 

That wo Your Rcnnonslrants, being so fully persuaded in 
our minds that the wai- in wliicli the United American States 
are engaged is just, that we are not only willing but desireous 
of bearing such a part of the Expenses thereof, as from a 
due consideration of our Ability in this remote Place, it shall 
appear to be our just Proportion: — But to pay the Tax of five 
Thousand, nine Hundred & seventy five Pounds, fifteen shil- 
lings & nine Pence three Farthings, which we are now called 



i)G DOCLMKMAIIY IIISIOKY 

upon for. and in tlie Tax-Acf is callcil our j)roi)orlion of Iwo 
Millions, I'iirlit Ilnndred \- lliirtv scvrn Tliousand, Six llun- 
drnl »Jc thirtofn Pounds, twelve Sliillin<;s & cip;lit Pence two 
l"'artliinj:s. is a luurh ureatei- Sum than is in our power to 
pav ; and with due Suhinission to vuur Honours, take leave 
to sav, we lnnnhl\' conceive that had there hoen a trnc Ac- 
count \- \'alnation of our Interest in this ohscure ])art of the 
State, heen return'd to voui- Honours, it would have very 
evidentiv ajtpear'd our I 'ropnrt i<in <d" that Sum would not 
he .so great: — Such a Kelurn would have heen made ha(i 
we ever heen callc<l npon for it. (as we iniagin all other In- 
corporat(Ml Towns in the State were) hnt as we were not, we 
thought we had Reason to conclude, vour Honours had con- 
si<lered us (as we reallv ai'e) in a State of Infancv, an<l at 
Such a great distance from the Place which the Return nnist 
have heen made, that von compassioiiatelv sjtar'd ns the ex- 
{)ence of it, and concluded to lay Such a Sum upon ns as in 
Yonr wisdoni nou ShouM jn<lgc sm-li a Place could hear:. 
And we ai'c contident you would have so done had not Reports 
(a.s we are Informed) nnule your Honours helicve our ahility 
to he much greater than in Fact it is, the truth whereof, we 
trust we shall hcrehy make appear and also that the People 
who Proj)agated those Rej>orts. were great Strangers to the 
true State f)f our Interest i: circnmstaiK-es in Life: -And in 
order to Shew They must he so, ^^lUl• s;iid Pcmnnstrants heg 
leave to Inform your Honours, that we heing much Suri)ri/."d 
at the call for Such a heavy Tax caused a Town meeting to he 
called, ami when met. we chose a ('oiinnittee to take a true 
account of our l*>sl;ifes. which Ihcy have done, and we take 
leave to give vour Honours a view thereof in the following 
manner — 

1'' It having heen rej)orle<l (as we often hear) that 
there has been a great f|uantity of Pread-Corn-Sold out of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 97 

this place tlio present year, and consequently a great deal of 
money must be among us, we, by our Committee have Ex- 
amined Strictly into the affair, and find that all that has 
been sold out of Conway, out of Brownfield, and all Places 
in the Pigwacket Country, is reported to be Sold out of 
Fryeburg: — what quantity it would all amount to we can- 
not tell, but with Ivegard to Fryeburg alone, we find by the 
strictest Examination which could be made by our said Com- 
mittee, that there has been Sold out of it, of the last years 
growth of every sort of Bread-Corn we raise, no more than 
three hundred and Sixty Bushels as by said Committees Ac- 
count herewith exhibited will appear, all of which was Bar- 
ter'd for Salt, Cotton-wool, Shoe-Leather, Iron and such 
other ISTecessaries as we cannot live without, except fifty 

three & 1/2 Bushels were sold for money, and that money 

(which was but a small matter) was carried out of Town 
and laid out for the Same Sorts of Necessaries al)ove enumer- 
ated, so that there is no Ballance left in our hands from the 
Sale of Bread-Corn to help pay the Tax. — 
2'^ Your Honours have exhibited herewith, another paper 
containing an exact account of all the Horses, Stock of Neat- 
Cattle, Sheep & Swine we Possess'd the first Day of Feb- 
ruary last, taken by the Selectmen of this Town in order to 
a just Proportion among us, of the State Tax then laying 
upon the Town, and it is near the Same now ; for the de- 
struction made by tlie wolves among our sliccp, keeps back 
the Increase of Them, and but very few Calves raised among 
us the last Spring, so that there can be but very little od<ls 
in our Stock between that & this Time; — And as there is 
Sixty nine Families in the Town, and most of Their Houses 
Replenisht with Young Children, Your Honours will plain- 
ly See, that very little (compar'd with the Tax in Question) 
can be taken from our Stock to help pay it, without Stopping 



98 i">*'i MK.N I Ai;v II isriii;v 

our Plows, Starvinj; k Freozini,' Tlmse youii^' Families; — 
and since tlic States are endeavouriii.ir to brin.fi: our I^iper 
Curreiicv into Kcputc, (in \\lii<-li it's to I'c liojtcl tliey will 
liave Success) inav \vc not Kationally Suspect that the whole 
..four Stock will fall Short (.!' payitiir the Tax ^ — and if tlic 
whole Stock must 1-c taken from ns and more too, the Town 
will soon he hlotted tuit of the Book of remcmhrance, for it 
will he rendered (to our sorrow) unahle to do any further 
Service to the State. — 

:5''' Your Honours have one more Paper lierewith exhihited, 
which contains a tnie account of all the l.an«ls under Im- 
provement in the wliolc Town which you will lind is hut 1168 
ncTQs; — and that hand, with the Siuiles of Heaven on the 
Lalwur we hestow thereon, is all we have (at present) upon 
the face of tlie Eartli to draw Suhsislance from, for our 
Families & Stocks and to pay all sorts of Taxes: — For we 
cannot raise a Single Farthing out of our Wilderness- Land. 
we have no market for a stick of Fire-wood nor Timher, so 
that we can Reap no ])rolit from that Lan<l, till hy hard 
Lal)0ur we ean remove the heavy Spontaneo)is growth there- 
on, and then hy further hard Lahour hring it to .^ome profit, 
hut it's long hefore we ean hi-ing it to he so. comparM with 
what might he made of the wo()<l or Timher growing therinm, 
had we a market for the same, as those have for Theirs, whrt 
live nearer the Sea Coasts; — So that we are confin'd to the 
said IHJSl/, acres, to draw from thence Suhsistance for our 
Families and money to pay every kind of Tax: — and to pay 
the aforesaid Tax of tnOTH .. IT. ..ti..:*. hrings it upon us to 
pay out of each of those Identical acres, the sum of 
IT. .. 2 .. 3 .. 8 '"- to raise that sum. hesides Suhsistance for 
our Families, and money to ]>ay Town t^- County Charges; 
which is impo.ssihle to he done. — 



OF THE STATi: OF MAIXE 99 

Wherefore your said Remonstrants Pray your Hon""^ would 

take the Premises under consideration, and bring said Tax 

down to such a sum as shall appear by the accounts of our 

Estates and circumstances herewith exhibited is our just 

Proportion of the State Tax al)ove mentioTied. And as in 

duty bound Prays — 

Fryeburg Sepf 8"^ 

A. D. 1779— Joseph Frve ~) ., ■,, 

' • Committee p 

Richard Kiiiiball I i r i 

I order oi and 
Joseph Frve Jun'"" *. 

on behalf of 
Moses Ames | 

T- TT- 11 ! said Town — 

Isaac Walker j 

At an Adjournment of a Town meeting the Committee 
Chosen to Prepare a Remonstrance and Petition to the great 
and general Court, pleading an abatement of the late heavey 
Tax laid upon them, said Committee laid the Remonstrance 
and Petition (to which this is annexed) before the Town, 
when the Town — 

Voted that said Remonstrance containcnl a true State of 
the Interest and Circumstances of the Town ; and Joseph 
Frye Esq"" was Chosen to lay said Remonstrance and Peti- 
tion before the great and general (^ourt — 
A true Coppy 

Attest 
Joseph Frye Jun"" Town Clerk 
Fryeburg Sep' S'"" 1779 

RcsoliilioKs iti House in re Penobscot Expedition. 

State of ]\[assacliusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Sepf 9'^ 1779 
Whereas the Failure of the Expedition to Penobscot liatli 
occasioned creat and universal Uneasiness, and it is become 



100 DOCr.MK.NTAKY lllSIOHY 

necessarv tliat Enquirv sliouM he mndo immodintcly into the 
Causes, thereof. 

Kesolvetl that Dri^ailicr (iriicral .loiialhaii litcoiiih The 
hon**'" James Preseot Esq"" the lion'''" Major (icncral Michael 
Farley Esq"" Coll" Moses Little and Major Samuel ()s«:;oo(l 
Esq^ with such as shall he joined hv the Hon'''*' Hoard he a 
Coniniittee to investifcate the Causes of the said Miscarriage, 
and particularly to examine into the Conduct of the Com- 
manders hv Land and Sea employed in said Expedition, as 
well as of the other Officers and Persons immediately con- 
cerned therein, and also into the Conduct of Officers directed 
to furnish ^fen from the Militia or Supplies for said Ex- 
pedition And that said Committee be and herel)y are Author- 
i/e<l to send for and Examine any Persons or Papers which 
they may think necessary for the Purposes aforesaid. 
Sent up for Concurrence 

Jn° Hancock Spk"" 
In Council Sept' 9*" 1770 

Read and Concurred, and Hon*''" William Sever, 
Artemas Ward Francis Dana and Tiiii" Danielson 
Esq" are join'd on Part of the Board, for the Purpose 

above mentioned 

Sam Adams Sec'"'' 

Consented to by the Major Part of the Couiiril 

True Copy 

Attest 

John Averv D Sec' 



Resolutions in House in re Penobscot Expedition. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Sepf 9, 1779 
Whereas the Failure of the Expedition to Penobscot hath 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 101 

occasioned great & universal uneasiness, and it is become 

necessary that Inquiry should be made immediately into the 

Causes thereof — 

Resolved that Brigadier General Jonathan Titcomb, The 

Hon'*'^ James Prescott Esq. The Hon Maj"" General Michael 

Farley Esq. Col° Moses Little & Maj Samuel Osgood Esq. 

with such as shall be Joined by the Honourable Board be a 

Committee to Investigate the Causes of the said ^Miscarriage 

& particularly to Examine into the Conduct of the A State 

Commander & the Officers both by Sea and Land employed 

in said Expedition B and that said Committee be & hereby 

are Authorized to send for and Examine any persons or 

papers which they may think necessary for the purposes 

aforesaid 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk"" 

In Council Sep* 9, 1779 

Read & Concurred with an Amendment from A to B & 

of dela from A to B & insert Commanders by Land and Sea 

employed in said Expedition as well as of the other officers 

and Persons immediately concerned therein and Also into 

the Conduct of Officers directed to furnish Men from the 

Militia or supplies for said Expedition and William Sever, 

Artemus Ward Francis Dana & Tim" Danielson Esq" are 

joined on the part of the Board for the Purpose above 

mentioned 

Sent down for Concurrence 

Sam'l Adams Secr^ 

In the House of Representatives Sep' 9**' 1779 

Read & concurred 

John Hancock Spk"" 



102 Doci'MKN r.M;v iiisi<»i;y 

Mcmorhil of Asu I)(iu](jrtli. 

To the Honl)le Council <>f the State of ^rassaeluisetts Bay 
The Memorial of Asa Daiil'orth of Brookfield in hclialf of 
Ca|>' Xaflian Goodale IIuml)ly Slicws 

That the said Nathan (Joochile an Officer in Col" Putnam's 
Reg^ was Captured by the Kneniy a hunt twelve Months ago 
near Kings bridge & is now on his Parole at Brookfield — 
Col° Putnams opinion of him as an Officer your Honors will 
be made acquainted with by his Letter to Major Mascran, 
which is herewith exhibited — Cap' Goodale is to return to 
Xew York in forty Days from the IS'** Aug' last unless 
Cap' Kerr (a Prisoner at Rutland) is sent in Exchange for 
him ; Major ^lascran being gone on a journey to the South- 
ward, the uncertainty when he may return, & the term of 
Cap' Goodales parole being nearly expired makes it indis- 
pensably necessary towards procuring the exchange of Cap' 
Goodale (who is now sick at Brookfield) to apply to your 
Honor for your Directions — 

Your ]\Iemorialist therefore prays your Honors in behalf 
of the said Goodale to direct Cap' Dickey to permit the said 
Cap' Kerr to go to New York in Exchange for him — or 
otherwise to effect his Exchange as your Honors in your 
Wisdom may think best — 

And as in duty bound will [tray 

Asa Danforth 
Boston Sep' 9'" 1779 

Tm Council Sep' 9"" 1779 Read & Ordered — That the 
Prayer of this Petition be granted and that it be & is hereby 
recommended to Cap' Alex I Dickey D'' Continental Coni- 
issary of Prisoners to deliver Cap' Kerr a Prisoner of War 
at Rutland to Cap' Nathan Goodale an officer in CoP Put- 
nam's Jicg' in y" Continental Service to be conveyed l)y him 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 103 

to Headquarters in tlie State of X. York and then to obtain 
of his Excellency Gen' Washington a Flag to X. York for the 
Purpose of his being Exchanged for the said Goodale — first 
taking Cap* Kerr's Parole that he will cause Cap* Goodale 
now a Prisoner on his Parole from X. York to be liberated 
and discharged from his said Parole for him the Said Cap* 
Xerr on his arrival at X. York or to return himself in one 
Month from the Date hereof and said D^ Comissary of Pris- 
oners is further directed to Cause the said Kerr to settle his 
Accts which he has contracted Since his Captivity — 
Attest John Avery D Sec'y 



Indians Desire to Confer with Coujicil. 

Boston Sept^ 9"^ 1770 
Sir — 

I beg leave to inform the Hon^'^ Council, that W Guil- 
man and two Indians of the Penobscot Tribe, are in Town, 
who are desirous of conferring with your Honors respecting 
their Situation Your Direction respecting them will great- 
ly oblige 

Your Honors must Obedient Servant 

Jas Avery 
In Council Sept 8 1770 

Head & sent down with a Letter from ^lajor Todd accom- 
panying the same — 
jjQj^bie President of the Council 

Sam' Adams Secr^ 
Gen Warren Gen Titcomb Coll Prescott 
In the House of Kepresentatives Sept — 1770 

Read & thereupon Order'd That the Hon"'* Gen' Warren, 
Gen' Titcomb & Coll Prescott, with such as the Hon'''* Board 



1(»} IiOCrMKN'IAlJV IIIS'IOUY 

Shall join, ho a ("DimnillcL' lo <<>iit'('r with the two Indians 
witliin inentionM 

Sent uj) for ( 'oncurrence 

John llaiicock ^pk' 
III ( 'ouncil Sep' :•, ITT'.t 

lioatl \' ( "oncuri'cil and Nathan ('nshini; ami Tinidlhy 

I''d wards Ksq"" are joined 

John Avery D Sey'' 



Rpporf of ./. //. Allan. 

Machias Sept^ 10^" 1779 
Sir 

The Unhappy & UnparalcUed Defeat at Penobscut has 
jint this Department in a ]\Iost Critical & Dangerous situa- 
tion Such as Reijuires the most Vigelant Attention for its 
preservation — 

The Various Objects T am Compelled to Turn my 
Thoughts & time to, will prevent my being so Explicite in 
my Communicating Matters as I could Wish But Shall En- 
deavour to give as Satisfaction as in my power — 

I inform'd the Hono'''^ I>oard sometime Ago by Letters 
from Passama(iuody k this place of my proceedings, A Short 
time after the Britains Arrival at Penobscut — 

After having settled matters in this place I went the second 
time for Pasamaquody where I found the Indians in a far 
DitTrient Temper then when I was there first, Occationed 
J>y New Intel igence of Encouragement from S' Johns, & 
partly owing to some Disputes Among some persons of their 
own Sect of Religion who Came with me, which I am much 
Disajjointed in — 

I was Ditermined still to pursue my first Object & to 
keep Coiifinualy with Iheni, After a few day I gote Them 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 105 

all Back to me & form'd them Ready to March — On the 
first of Aug' recievd an Express from Briged'" Gene' Lovell, 
Desiring If not Inconsistant with my Command, to Go for 
Majabaguaduce — The Second day After I Gote the Last 
of my Indians, then present Embarked & arrived at Mechias 
myself the o'*" After Arranging Matters & Settling the Xeces- 
sary Measures for the Defence of this place — I Embarked 
on Board the Neshquowoit the d^^ having 47 Warriors & 20 
White persons Provision & Amunition for the Use of the 
Whole & Most of the Indian Supply which Came down tak- 
ing also the prize Brig, under Convoy till she pass'd 
penobscut, 

the wind being not fair did not Gete out of the River, on 
the lO"' Received Another Express from Gen' Lovell, De- 
siring me to proceed with all Expedition & Bring as Many of 
the Militia as Cou'd be spared — Also to Bring the prize 
Brig to Majabagauduce, for fear of Being in Want of Pro- 
visions I Immediately Gave Orders for the purpose — The 
wind & Fogg Continuing prevented my proceeding, in the 
Evening Two Indians Arrived from Passamaquody with In- 
teligence that some Armd Vessells were there, and a Num- 
ber of Troops — this seem'd to Corroborate with accounts 
I had before received that the Enemy Intended a faint or 
if possible a real Attack on Machias to Divirt Our attention 
towards Penobscut 

I thought it not prudent to proceed till I heard further 
& accordingly Dispatched Two parties for Inteligence By 
Sea & thro The Woods the same Evening at the same time 
sent Express to Gen' Lovel, ]S[ext day the 11^'' returned my 
self, to Order such further Necessary Measures for a De- 
fence — the 12"^ Receiv'^ accounts from Passamaquody, that 
there was nothing More then some Traiding Vessells under 
Convoy of the Buckram Schooner — 



lUf, DOCIMKNTAU'V IllSKiKV 

the same day IIa<l a ( onfcrciicc wiili the Officers of ^liliiia 
k otliers & gave iiiv Advice that Imt (Hie fifth of the Militia 
shoiiM do from this Distric as my Going with the Indians 
woiid Leave the place Defenceless — in the Evening Col" 
Lowdcr arrivciJ with another Express from Ccn' Lovell, De- 
serving my Attendence at Head (^narters — 

The Indians heiiig in a tliirtuating Moode Occalioncd by 
some difference Among themselves, 1 <lid not Oct ol till the 
14'" Al)out 10 OClock, A. .M. ITavinu with me Including 
a few Militia alxiut 100 Men — 

the 1')''' the Wind CVmtinncing a Head I sett of with the 
Indians in Canoes t^: tlic Wliites in l>oats Ordering the Ves- 
sells t(» pnsh on as fast as posible & to Assemble at Aggamo- 
gen reach — 

the 10'" the wind fair t(j the Eastward, Saw the Vessels 
Contrary to my Intention strcaching Across However I pur- 
sued on with all Expe<litioii \- the Wind Dreaking Occationed 
the Canoes to Seperate — On my Geting to Mount Desirt the 
Same Evening, receiv'd Intelligence of the Arrival of the 
British Ships k the Retreat of Our Army, & that an Ex- 
press had Come to Give me notice — 

I was in Much Tronlde About the N'essells as also for some 
of the Indians who might Xot have had the Inteligence, In 
Consicjuence I Dispatched of Lieut DeLesdernier with three 
Good Indians by day Light of the 17'" in Quest of the Ves- 
sells k Canoes & to Order the Former immediately into 
Frenchmans Bay, as the provision niiiiht be Transported by 
Land to penobscut if wanted the Latter to Contiiiuc at 
Xaskeigh. 

After I gotc my Iv\j)ress from the Gen' \' sent Major Still- 
man to receive the Mclitia :is they ('anu; in. tkr Gave Orders 
how we were to joyn, as I was Still Ditermind if the 
S<'hooncr was safe to Joyn CJonc' Lovell. I ]irncecdcd for Xas- 



OF THE STATE OF AfAIXE 107 

kiegh, where I found several Indians, & had the Ilapiness 
to hear of the Brig & Schooners Being Safe, 

On the 18"' from the Great Quantity of Smoke I 
Immagind the Enemy were Burning the Settlements fur- 
ther Westward, having but 1/3 of the Indians Xo provisions 
or Amunition- — Equivalent to Go on — I returned Imme- 
diately to Frenchmans Bay & to my Great Disapointment, 
rec"^ word that the Schooner & Brig had proceed'd for ]\Ia- 
chias, the Capt" having not seen M"" DeLesdernier, but rec"^ 
Certain Inteligence of a Number of Crusers out & that Gen' 
Lovell Orders were for me to Return Immediately — 

This Intirely Overthrew my plan, k found myself with 
a Number of People, as About Seventy Militia had got to- 
gether, & nothing to support them with, the Indians being 
Disapointed in not Geting what they wanted perticularly 
Hum, which they Allway Expect after a fatigue, became 
Outragous & By the Vessclls returning so preeipatatly. Sus- 
pected some Grevious Matter & all I could do would return 
Immediately to their famelys. In this time I Received the 
Ilorid & Malancholy news of the Destruction of such a fine 
Fleet & the Dispertion of Our Troops, Notwithstanding if 
I had, had Supplys shoud made a iJivertion towards the 
Enemy to prevent or diter them in their Depradations — 

But from the Many Circumstances Corrobrating, »S: the 
precarious situation of this place & the Difficult State of In- 
dividuals in General ihro the Countrv 1 Dismis'd the 
Militia — Recommending to the Officers a \'igelent atten- 
tion to have all iti Readiness at a ^linuts warning I took 
upon Me | as I found the Eyes of the Whole Country were 
upon me and depended, as Being in Commission the Care of 
the Whole | to Isue another proclamation Encouraging the 
Inhabitants to Stand out — and had Conferences with the 
Several Committes found they were Ditermind to Stand out 



lOS iKtCI M 1 NIAl;V IIISKlKY 

all to llic I'^astwanl (•!" riiidii K'ncr. \' have .sincu Been Cuii- 
viriiced By their ('..ikIik'I. of their 1 nie.irrcty & Sincerity 

I retunieil here with the iiHli;iiis the 22'"' where T found 
the Sehoniier \- Briir liimieiliately CallM a Court of lii- 
(luiry oil tlie Coiiduct of the Captain of tlu; Xeshqiiowoit in 
Leaving nie- Upon the Whole — it appeard he Acted from 
a principle of saving the Vessells & Securing the Cargo & if 
anv failiniz; an Error of dudiiinent — 

Bv this Time I percieved the Situation of Affairs to he 
iiisparate i: nothing but the Utmost Exertions & Useiiig every 
Forcahle Metlunl without Controle or fear of Censure would 
Answer to Save Us from 1 )i.siruction — The Cargo of the 
Brig Cave me the Greatest Concern, as it was — of so much 
Value, & not knowing how approve! by Government I used 
every possible Caution About her till this time, for the Safety 
of the Country, or its ruin, Depended upon my Manage- 
ment with her, the Greatest fear of the people was how they 
Coud Subsist, to Defend, if atiackM. upon the whole, think- 
ing the States, by her Detention might be answerable if any 
Damage arise — I took upon me to Order three Quarters of 
What was Left to be Landed, all of which I — Except the 
Butter will be wanted if the Country is to be Defended — I 
Gave a Certificate accordingly to the blaster, a Copy I here 
Inclose Leaving it to the Honorable Court to Order what 
further they please Concerning it — If I have done wrong 
I shall willingly Answer & Submit to any Ditermination, as 
I act from a Principle of doing Service to my Country — The 
Stores I Trust, will be safe & Unmolested till such time as 
further Order Are Given — resj)ecting them. 

The Dishonorable Flight | permit the Expression | without 
Censure from a feeling of mortification for the Disgrace 
Brought on the Anns of Our Country of the Americans on 
Penobscut River has Given a Wound to our Indian Affairs, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



109 



they were always Ambitious of their Consiqiience & from 
the fear of people, were Sencible, that they were dreaded & 
fear'd But now it has rose to a Greater pitch By the affair of 
Penobscut as they Express it "the Safety of the Country De- 
pends Upon them, for what assistance Can be Expected from 
Americans when so fine a fleet & Army were Distroyd with- 
out opposition," they Threaten, Mena^^r: and Enter Distant 
Houses, treating people ill — Some are Intiiii:i(l;itcd, lliiiik- 
ing the Britons will Over run the Country, Skulk away to 
the Lakes & Others are for Geting to S* Johns making an 
appology it is to Defend their own River — I am Obliged 
to Lett them Go Often a Hunting for fresh provisions, as 
they Must be in Action or Drunk, there is now Most of them 
Abroad, and Expect of hearing of Many Going on S' Johns 
River, Notwithstanding I keep people perpetualy watching 
their Motions & Encouraging them, they Are Also ]\[uch 
divided among themselves & abuse every Body behind their 
Backs who have had any connection with them — Their De- 
mands are Insatiable & perpetual, l)eing often obligd to 
Employ them in Expresses for want of others, must be paid 
to the Highest & IMost Extravagant rate & not only must 
Clothe Men, But Women & Children — 

But under all this I Flatter myself not only will fight 
against us, & by No ]\Ieans seem to dimminish their Atteach- 
ment to the Country or my self — I am Unhappy with some 
who I Employ'd the past Spring & the Devisions amoung 
them Salves is hartfull lo tin? Interest of Our Court &' that 
of Our Allies, Our Situation for want of Strength, & the 
fear of Creating a Tumult Among the Indians at this Criti- 
cal Juncture Obliges me to l^I^se every Act & Policy, to Keep 
ourselves in any Posture of Security — 

I have rec'd Intel igence from Nova Scotia by two Authen- 
tic Officers that the Britains had seized Sixteen Mickmacks 



1 1 () !>(•( r M i:.N rAi;v ii isioiiv 

iV K'illM lliicc this wiili llic r('|t(';itc<l ( '(•rrcsjxiiKlciicc ICcj)! ii]! 
frtiiii this \v;iv, will 1 trust hixci-t ihcir attciilioii so as to 
Deter them in the jihiii IiitciKh'il Ia the llritains — 

I have 'I'akcn ii|"'ii invsclf tn ( )i'ih'i' I 'rovisioiis fn. iii the 
Stores for the Militia when (loini; <'ii <liit_v — as olhcrways 
they Cdinl not lia\e tl<»iie williout siicli assistance — 

Hv this ()ji|)(M-tnnity 1 send Ca))' Prchlc to I'^rcnchnians 
Hav \- Mount ! )csci't to wati-h ilic Mniions of the Miicmy \- 
MiMlcavoiii- to |ir('\ciil llic Hi-itaiiis Intci-corsc with thcii- 
Friends at Tnion Kivcr, W'honu' I have .lust now rec'' lii- 
tcliffcnce. Intends Jovninj;- them — this is done at the Desire 
(d' the Connnittees tliat way — if necessary Shall have them 
Dis Arnid \: the j)rinri])|('s Sccnrcij I haxc ()itl('rd ('ajt' 
PiX'hlo to raise \'oliint(!('rs foi- the j^iirpose. which the In- 
haliitants will t'orwai'il 

I lia\c I )is]Misitetl there sonic pro\'isions, as also, at Nara- 
i|ii;i(|iio lor jiuhlic Use whirli iiiii<-li l^nconrafies tlie people 
ihro ihc ('oiinti-y 1 have Hut lew Men with iiic at present. 
Expect sonu' \'oluiit<'('i's to the Anioiiiit of Forty have De- 
inaiKJcd a Xuiuher (d" Militia which arc I backward in Com- 
ing, it heiug Harvest — all in the service, I keep at Worck 
at a Snudl Fort I am buildini; rcumd a Block house for the 
Immediate Defence <&: Security of the Stores — till such 
time as it is linishM 1 shall he \crN ridia|»i>y *^' Fncasy, as 
I can (!ete Strength Shall Secure every part as fas' as T 
can — 

I am very sorry the Resolves of Coui-t Tamo here so Late 
Respects the Bounty, for Soldiers — as it is a time that none 
Can he pot — \ am sending out recruitinc: & propose Calcu- 
lating the Thirty pounds hounty, so as to give agreeable to 
the Xumhcr of Mnunths, as some Inclines Longer & Some 
Less time — 



OF THK STA'IE OF NFAINE 111 

I Inclose returns of Provisions, Magazeen, Artiliary — 
and Aniniiniition, the Latter is very short we must have 
more if possible to Getc it along, The several Excursions 
this Season, & what is Left is Damaged — with the Greate 
Expenditure of the Indians, who must have it, Ocations 
this — 

Notwithstanding the Order of Court Several persons in 
the Traidiiig way since the Enemy has Gote the Better, 
seem Dairing in their Traiding Eastward — Curruption has 
taken such deep root in those matters that one screens the 
other. However I have Intercepted some & have now Some 
Princeple persons in CJustody, which Method I shall pursue 
till further orders — 

The Hono'''^ Court may now know our Situation & what 
is to be Expected from it, I shall not repine or Complain 
as ail Individual, they will he sencihle what is right to he 
done. I have only to ;i<l(]. That my Weak Endeavors shall 
not be wanting to the I^ttmost of my power — 

I have the Honour to be with all possible respect Sir, 

Your most ob'd & very hl)l Serv' 

J. H Allan 
In Council Oct" 4'" 1770 

Read & Sent down with Several Papers 

Accompanying the same John Avery Sec'y 

In the House of Tiepresentatives Ocf .">"' 1779 

Read & thereupon OrcK'i'd llint Mi- Cliontc iV: (\ip' A(hims 
with such as the Hon Hoard shall join, ])c a (\>mniittex) to 
consider same & report what is proper to be done thereon — 

Sent up for Concurrence .John Hancock Spk"* 

In Council Ocf 5"' 1779 

Read & Concurred & Aaron Wood Esq"" 
is Joined — John Avery D Secy 

Hon Jer. Powell Esq' 



IIJ DOCr.MEXTAICY IIIS|()|;Y 

Order of fofitiril. 

(\)iincil ('hain])cr Sopt 10\ 1770 
Orilcrcd that .loscph lluiulcrson Esq. Commissary of Prison- 
ers he and lierchy is directed to receive of Capt. Alex. I. 
Dickcv I ). ( \)iitiiuMital ( '(mniiissarv df Prisoners tliirty nine 
Prisoners of War and Ship them on Jioard the Cartel lately 
arrived from Penobscot being for an eqnal number landed at 
Portsmouth and Said Commissary is herel)y directed to give a 
Receipt to Said Dickey for Said Prisoners engaging to return 
the like Number of equal Rank. 

Attest John Avery D Sec'y 

I'viHion of -/oscjili Pcr/,-his (ind Oilirrs. 

To the lion''''" Council <t House of Representatives of the 
State of Massachusetts Bay 

rii(> Petition (if Joseph Perkins cV Sparks Perkins in be- 
half of themselves & families & the Families of Cha" Hutch- 
ings Tliomas Nutter, Elijah Winslow, Stover Perkins, Sam' 
A very. Daniel Perkins Inhabitants of Penobscot- — 
Iliiiiilily Sheweth, That they being friendly to the Ameri- 
can Cause were forced u]»(>ii the Enemies taking possession 
of Penobscot to leave their Homes & their families with the 
Enemy in the most Distressed Situation Several of tbcni 
having their Habitations burnt & their stock &c taken by the 
Enemy — 

Your Petitioners liiiiiilily pray the Hon''"' Court to take 
their Case under y"" wise Consideration and grant a Flag for 
the redemption of their said Families or otherwise to effect 
their exchange as you in your Wisdom may think best 
And as in Duty bouml will j)ray 
Joseph Perkins 
Boston Sep* lO"' 1770 Sparks Perkins 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 113 

]\Iaj(jr Uiiiiocl- to Commander Britiah Fleet. 

Falmouth Sepf 10"' 1779 
Sir 

I resev'd yours by Escf Sniitli 



Mr. Welsh your Purser (who you mention in your letter 

to the Commandini-' officer at Falmouth) was taken by a 

party under my command I think the party did their duty 

and acted nothing inconsistant with the Rules of War. And 

he has been treated with Honour sence made a prisoner by 

us — I have sent him to the Commanding Officer of the 

Regement who was not present, I am not surprised at your 

thretning us with Devastation we had nothing to Expect but 

Devastation was your intent considering your conduct last 

April 

Joseph Diniock Maj"" 

Commanding Officer of the 

Troops at Falmoulh 

To the Connnaiidiiig Officer 

of the fleet now in iho 

Vineyard Sound 



Petition of Daniel Mitchell, Sept. 10, 1770. 

To the Honourable Council & House of Representatives, of 
the State of Massachusetts=Bay in General Court AssembUid 

The memorial of Dani-^l Mitchell of North Yarmouth in 
the County of Cumberland & State Aforesaid Humbly 
Sheweth 

That your memorialist on or About the third day of July 
last entered the Sloop Defiance, As a transport Vessel, him- 



1 1 I lMi(lMi;.NlAi;V II IS TUKY 

self as iiiastiT, \' (Jillicrt Wiiislnw .luir A: Aiiios I'liiico 

mariners, l)_v ("liartcr partv with llio hoard (if War in the 

I'xpt'ditioii Against the ciiciiiv at Majdr Maiza'lui't'. that they 

proceeded ou tlie Voyage, «Sc continued in the Service, Until 

the retreat up Pcnohscot Ttiver, where, l)esiides other things, 

he left liis Pocket l)ook in which was his Charter party for 

Said Sloop Defiance. 

Therefore prays the Board of War may be directed to make 

him out Another Charter party Similar to that which he left, 

or that his interest may be Secured to him in Such other 

manner As you in your Wisdom Shall think best & most 

regular, And your Memorialist as in duty bound shall ever 

j)rav 

Daniel Mitchell 
North Varniouth Sep' 10, 1770. 



Order of Council. 

Sepf 2:3" 1770 
( >ii the iiiciiioi-ial of haiiicl Mitciicll of North \'ariiioulh 
in the County of Ctiiiiberlaiid Seting forth thficin that he 
eiitere<l the Sloop Defiance as a Transport vessel in the Ex- 
{)editi(in to Major I3agaduce, by Charter party with the board 
of war. that he lost his (^barter party in the retreat, and 
prayiiii: that liis interest may be seiMircd to him. 

Kesolved That the Aforesaid Daniel Mitchell Shall be 
intitleil to All A: every Article cV Clause set forth in the 
('barter jtarty. of the Sloop defiance, by him signe<l to the 
lM)ar<l of war, which relates to the Security of his interests, 
«V the men that die beloni,^ to saiil \-essel, the loss of his 
Charter jiart notwithstandinii. And the board ,,f war are 
herebv directed t<» -^ive the said Daniel .Mitchell an attested 



OF THf: STATE OF MAINE 



115 



Copy ol" the Aforesaid Charter party now in the war office 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk*" 
In Council Sept 22'' 1779 

Kead &, Concurred 

John Avery D Sec'y 



Consented to 
Jere Powell 
A Ward 
T. Cushing 
Sam' Adams 
Jabez Fisher 



AFoses Gill 
B White 
H Gardner 
A Fuller 
T. Danielson 



Sam' Niles 
J Stone 
O Prescott 

'N. Goodman 
Sam' Baker 



Order of Council Sept. 10 1779. 

In Council June 5*" 1770 

Read & Concurred & diaries C'hauncey Esc^"^ is joined 

John Avery D S'' 

Consented to by the Major part of the Council ^ ' ^ . 
In Council Sep^ lO'" 177!) — 

Ordered that Edward (Aitts Esq"" be of the CoiiiinitU'c 
for the purpose mentioned in this Resolve in the Ivooin of 
Charles Chauncey Escj"" Jiesigned 

Sent down for (\)ii(Mirrence 

dolin Avery D S^ 

In the House of Ivepresentatives Sep"" 11"' 1771) 

Read & Concurred 

John Hancock Spk"" C 

True Copy Attest John Avery 1) SecV 



1 l(\ I IOC I M KN I .\i;v II IS i<ii;v 

To tlu' Hull'''" the Coiiiicil, and the Hon''' ihe 11(H1:jc uf 
Kepresentafivos of the Massacliusctts J)a_v, hi General 
('olirt Assciiihh'd 

The rctitidii of i;i<-h:inl (Jridlcv Kligiliccr. Scarhnni' 
CiriilU'v Assistant lMi_t;im'or. -loliii \i\rv Town Major oi iJos- 
ton, Nat' IJarher .luii'" C'oinniissarv of Military Stores & 
Andrew Thrown Dep'' Muster Master for the Eastern Depart- 
ment ; Iluiiihlv Shcwcth. 

That your Petitioners have Ix'en en,i,MiJ:ed in the Service 
from tlie hcginning of the War. that tlieir pay »S: Suhsistence 
have never been augmented, notwithstanding the great Depre- 
ciation of our Currency; That your Petitioners being Con- 
tinually while in the Service, employM in the Duties of their 
several Deitartnients, have ne\er transacted any other Kind 
of Business, whicli at all tendecl to their Support. 

The Desire therefore of your Petitioners, is, that such 

(iraiuities or Moities may he tii'aiilcd llieni, as has been 

given or luomised to Officers in the hine upon the same 

I<>stablislmient ; or that such othei- aile<|uate Pro\ision may 

l)e nnnle for your Petitioners as to your Honors in your 

Wisdom siiall ajipear meet, k ycnir I'elitioners as in Duty 

bound shall ever pray. 

Rich" Oridley 

And" Prown Scarboro Gridlcy 

John Kice 

A'ath' liarber .1 un' for 

himself & three conductors 



I. .laines h'linn (of Machias in the ('ounty (d' i/incoln «S: 
State of Massachusetts Bay) Testitie iV Say, 'idiat some time 
in the Month of ^lay A : J): ITVT dohn i.ong Anived in this 
])lace aiul Lan<le(l a (^)nantity (d" (ioods. Stored them in Cap- 



OF TilE STATE OF MAINE 117 

tain Smiths store & soon apply'd to the Committee for a 
Pass to Carry said Goods to St John's River, the Committee 
soon Examin'd into the affair and finding hy certain Letters 
said John Long liad witli liiiii from one John Anderson to 
one Martin at S' John's River, that the said Goods were 
Dcsign'd for the In(]ian Trade & upon a very Enemieal phin 
to the wcllfare of the States, it was thought Proper by the 
Committee of Machias (myself being one of the members 
thereof), to order that the said Goods ])e Detained in said 
Store for the present, and be not Ship'd for St Johns as afore- 
said ; for at that time the Enemy had taken Possession of the 
River St Johns, and this Committee was Determin'd to use 
their Endeavours to stop all Communication and Corres- 
pondence with that Quarter; and Demanded of the said John 
Long the Orriginal Invoice of the said Goods, and the Keys 
of the Trunks &c, upon which the said John Long Deliver'd 
the Invoice and Shiping Paper, but did not Deliver the Keys 
for some time after, went to said Goods as, & when he pleased, 
saying he had a property of his own amongst them, soon 
after the said Long Deliver'd the Keys. — CoP John Allan 
the Super Intendent of Indian Affairs being then at Machias 
& useing every Art & Means to Court the Friendship of the 
Indians and Advised the Committee that the Permitting the 
said Andersons Goods to proceed to St Johns would be very 
Detrimental as he was then about setting out to Treat with 
the Indians on St John's River & accordingly it was agreed 
on that they should not go, & it was further agreed on, that 
there should be a Just Acc^ taken of the said Goods, & M"" 
Lewis F: D^Lesdernier, CoP Allan's Clark & M^ Tupper 
the Clerk of the Truck House together with my self were 
appointed to ovcrhawl the said Goods & take the Ace' of what 
there would be Difficient according to the Orriginal Invoice 
of M"" Anderson About one Hundred & Twenty five Bushels 



IK^ DOC'l'Ml.N TAUV IIISIOUY 

of Salt tlic said L«>n^ I)('<-liirc<l t.. I.c liis nwii Proportv & Kept 

himself, also tlic Molassi's. I lie liitli;;(), a (^iiaiility of Sliot^s 

kc kc; According to an Ace' liorciinto Aiinexf;<l all of wliidi 

flu* said I.on^ ('laiiiiM as his own |)in]icrt\ and ha<i to Ids 

own use, Likewise l>_v overhawIin;i we tonnd Two TitM-ces ot 

Kicc nnich Daninniii'd, heinir welt as we Snjipose*! on lioard 

said Long's N'essel, and the one half of each Cask of liice 

was wholv spoiled as will appear hv an aec' of the same that 

then was taken, — 

It was ReconinKiidcd hy ihe said Committee the said 

Coods he Stored in the Trnck Jlouse ire. Soon after this 

place was Pdocke«l np hy tiie Enemy the Indians was Daily 

coming in from St Johns for Supplys Agreeahle to Certain 

proniist.'s that had i)een made; thcni, the Truck House heing 

very Bare of Cloathin^ it was reconmiended that the said 

Goods he taken for the use of the Indians, to he Disposed of 

agreeahle to ('ol" Allans orders, also that the lion*''" Council 

Board he Notified of the matter that the Stati; may have an 

Ojicrtuiiity of agreeing with Mr Anderson ahout the same — 

•V further saytli not also W'ni rui)p(T agrees to the same 

N'ii-hatuin — 

Ja^ Flinn 

W"^ Tupper 



Ace' of Ditiiciency in John Andersons Inxoice of (Joods 
Shiped & Consign'd to Charles Martin in S' dohns in Nova 
Scotia. Viz' One (Quarter yard Stri])ed Camhiet, Twenty 
Pounds of Indigo, Three Dozen Jacket Mettal liuttons, One 
& three Quarters yards Striped Holland, One Barrel of 
^lolasses, one Barrel of Pitch, Half Bushel of fine Salt, 
Twenty Five Bushels of Coarse Salt, Five Iloes, Six Dozen 
of Men's Pumps & Shoes, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE lllj 

Penobscot Indians to (Jominittee. 
Brothers 

\Vc rejoice at tlie Great Spirit w'^'' lias liro't ns togetlier 
at this place — We now come together to confer & hope we 
shall understand at each others say — Brothers, You see 
my Situation as to Cloath'^ I am destitute of Cloaths — I 
hope you will give me something by w*^'' I may appear more 
decent When I meet you again — 

Brothers — It is now 4 years since We have been in Amer- 
ica as Bretheren — The King of France is our father — We 
have the same Affection for the Americans which We have 
for him — Gen' Washington when I was in New York w 



th 



^t) 



him said you shall be supported — Gen' Gates & the Marquis 
de la Fayette sent for us to come to Albany in February 
1778 told us we must go there let it cost w' it might — When 
we came to Albany, there was no body to speak to us there 
but Gen Schuyler — 20 of us went to Albany & while we 
were there they hung a number of Americans — We told 
them not to hang Americans for it was like hanging one of 
them — Last Fall just before the Winter Col° Allan ordered 
18 of us to Nova Scotia — You must consider that our 
Hearts are united with yours or we shou'd not go wherever 
AVe are ordered & do as much as we have done — You know 
w^ the situation of our Families is W^e hope you will grant 
us some Assistance for them — We hope you will consider 
w* we said above about Cloathing for ourselves — We hope 
you will give a Commission to French ]\rission that it may 
be known that be is a Friend & belongs to America — If we 
have Commissions We expect to draw pay as others who are 
in Service — We not only want Cloath*^ for ourselves & Fami- 
lies but we want provision & Ammunition for which We 
will pay our Money — It is now 2 years since We have had 
any Supplies from this State — AVe have been obliged to 



120 l>OCUMK\TAi;v 1I1S|(»|;V 

l»uy wluit we wanted at the dearest rate of private persons 
yet We liave saved a little .Mniicy — Wc arc j^lad to see 
you all Well — Wc are alad tliat Ood Aliiii-rlity has pre- 
served VOU-- We irivi' vmi thanks lor this ('(inferenec — 



Aiisirer. 

lintthers — We rejoice that an i.[i|i(iii imily is given us of 
seeing two of onr Brothers of the renobscot Tri])c with 
such Friendly disposition «S: giving such assurance of the 
Continuance of that Friendship to us k our good Friends 
& Allies the French »S: the Great King of France — We arc 
very sorry that you liavc suflcrcd many wants & been sub- 
ject to inconvenience & (hingers to yourselves k Families — 
You will Consider that We are only a few of a Great I>o<ly 
tlie Gen' Court, appointed to hear you c^- report to them what 
you shall say. Wc have heard y<iu with ])lcasurc iV we shall 
report your Talk to the General Asscndily & don't doubt 
they will give you Satisfactory Evidence of their regard k 
Friendship. We wish you & your Families the Blessings of 
tlie Great Spirit — 

The Committee of both Houses appointed to confer with 
two Indians of the Penobscot 'I'ribe, have attended that 
service, and beg leave to Report the I'ollowing Talk, for the 
consideration of the wliole Court. 

N Gushing pr order 
In Council Sept. l'» 1T7'.> 
Ivcad «V Sent I )own 

John Avery I) Secy 

In the House of Representatives Sept. 1<>"' 1770 

Read k recommitted tV the ('uniniittee are directed to 
enquire into the Sup))lies Sent to the Fastern Indians, & 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 121 

report & also to report what Presents are proper to make 

them 

Sent lip for Coneiirrence 

John Hancock Spk"" 
In Council Sept 10, 1779 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Secy 

The Com^"® of both Houses, appointed to hold a further 
Conference with the Penobscot Indians now in Town have 
performed that Service & ask leave to report on their opinion, 
That it is Expedient for this Court, as soon as may be, to 
Furnish the two Indians now in Town, with a Suit of Cloaths 
<fe a Gun for each of them as a present & also a Captain^ 
Commission for one of them whose name is French 
Mission — 

And that in order to retain the Friendship of the Indians 

in the Eastern part it is Expedient that a Truck house be 

set up in some proper place & a suitable person appointed 

to keep the same, and that he be Immediately furnished with 

such articles as this Court may think proper for the Supply 

of the Indians, s'' Truck house & keeper of the same to be 

under such Regulations as the Court shall order — 

In Council Sep' 17"^ 1771) 

Which is submitted 

Oliver Prescott p"" order 
Read & Sent down 

John Avery I) Sec'y. 

In House of Representatives 

June 21^' 1777 

Resolved that the Board of War be & hereby are directed 

to furnish the Truck house at Machias, as soon as may be, 

with the Articles in the Schedule herewith presented, as 

those Articles that are most VcudabJo amonc; the Indians 



122 iMKM' M i;\ rAi;v iiiskiiiv 

iire Cliictlv ilisjxiscl nf. ]>y (.nicis ul" this ( 'diirt, llio Truck 
Master Itcinir Accdimtalilc lur sucli ot sai<l Articles as may 
he (lelivcrcil him 

A liiii' l'',\trai-t fniiii llic licsolves 

i\lt(sl .hill Avery I) Secy 

Iiiviiicc fit' Suinlrvs waiitinii- in the Tnirk llniisc at Ma<-hias 
200 JJushels Com 200 yanis Str.m.ls 

(iO liusl)els Salt 200 yards .jallclls 

200 (Jaljiiii Knm 400 yards Linnen 

2<io Cailniis Molasses 200 "' Siii^^ar 

t; I'.arrclls P.irk 1 Cask Wine 

10 harrells Hour 100 '" Powder 

200 'Miojrs fatt 100 "' Halls 

1000 "• of hrcad 100 yards hroad ( lolh, 

jno llhiiikets 
200 vdsdilFerent ('alienes 12.000 \\'aiii|iinii 1000 "' Toliaecd 

1 ('ask Kaisoiis Pipes Tin Killh's, iSleels 

llatts, Hatchets, Knives, Deeds, ( 'cnirse l^acc Thread — 
Jiihhaiids, Binding, 

The ahove Articles are most wanting — there is a Trunk 
of Goods that was stopt at Machias, that helonged to Mr. 
Anderson Containing an Assortment for tlic Indians at St 
Johns, which are Superior to any that can he now pur- 
chased — 

A 'i'rue ( 'opy 

Attest dno Avery 1) Sec'y 

Ati A<-c' (if the Goods helongin^- to .1 Anderson 
'i'aken into the Truck House at Madiias in ^fay 77 
2 Doz Pass Lines 0/. 1 J)uz Looking 

Glasses 3 0/ £ 4 .. 10 

18% yds Devonshire Kersey a lS/0 23 

Comhs a 2/G 10 .. 15 .. 



OF THE STATE OF AfAlXE 12:3 

12 yds StripM raml)lct a 5/. 25 * Womens 

Shoes 7/G 12 .. 7 .. 6 

11 yds floward Worsted Damask a C/4 yds 

Crulie a 0/ 4 .. 10 .. 

10 yds Green Gro^ram a G/. 18 yds Calico 

a 6/. 8 .. 11 .. 



49 .. 13 .. 6 

8 Scarlet Caps a G/3 49 Worsted D" a 5/ 14 .. 15 
3 D° D° a 2/6 500 Needles a 10/ 2 .. 17 .. 

10 Romall Ilkfs a 3/9 12 Linnen D" a 3/9 4 .. 2 .. 
161/^ yds Homspiin a 5/. 7% yds Toe 

Cloth a 3/9 5 .. 11 .. G% 

14 yds spotted Stuff a 0/3 12 1/4 yds Silk 

D" a 7/G 8 .. 19 .. 41/2 

3G .. 5 .. 1114 
401/4 yds Strip'd Holland at 7/6 24 yds 

Linnen a 5/.- 21.. 1 .. lO'^ 

298 yds Ozmahrigo a 3/9 GO yds Spotted 

Suff a 6/3 74 .. 12 .. 3 

3 '" Thread a 10/. 2 Doz. Ilatts a 10/ 1 

Doz D*^ a 6/3 17 .. 5 .. 

12. 3 p' Basons a 6/3 12 qt l)** 4/2 6.. 5.. 

12 p* D" a 2/6 6 poingers a 3/4 2 .. 10 

6 p' poingers 17/. 6 1/2 p^ D° 12/ 1 .. 9 .. 

440 '^ Rice is 3 . 3 . 26 H- a 31/6 6 .. 3 .. 9 

31/2 Bushels fine Salt a 12/6 1 .. 17 .. 6 

676 "^ Tobacco a 2/6 84 .. 10 .. 

122 "^ Gotten a 5/ 30 .. 10 .. 2ir, .. H .. 41/2 

3 '" Allum a 8/ 1 .. 4 

1167 '" Sugar a 9'' 43 .. 14 .. 9 

6 Milk Trays 9 

75 .. 17 .. 9 

£377.. 11.. 6% 



124 DOll MK.\TAl;V IIIS'IOKV 

Tti tlic TTonso of Rcprcsciitiitivcs 

St-pt. 11, 177II 

Rcsolvcij tlijit the ( '(iiiiiiiittcc mi iiccoiiiits l)o & tlioy .irc 
hereby Impowercd and (jircctcd t<» receive and Examine all 
Accounts of Supplies cV Transportation of Provision for the 
Inhal)itants of Penobscot as also for the Transportation of 
C'onnnissary's Stores & for defreying tlie Charfres of those 
Men that canic by Land fmin I'cnobscot More j)articularly 
liic charj^e of victualling cV the cost of Ferriage, and such ac- 
counts as they judge reasonable they are farther Inipowerd 
to allow payment of y" Same & the Committee arc hereby 
directe<l to keep all such accounts in a file or files by them- 
selves — & State an account particularly for all charges that 
may arise relative to this matter 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives, Sop' ll"" 1771) 

The Committee appointed to ([(■tcrniiiie in what way the 
supplies & Transportation of Provision for the Inhabitants 
of Penobscot and for Transportation of Commissary Stores 
and for defreying the Charges of those men that came by land 
from Penobscot as Vestuating- ferriges &c 

Beg leave to report by way of Resolve 

Resolved that the Committee on Accounts be and they are 
hereby Impowerd and Directed to Preserve and Examin all 
accounts and allow payment on the same that may be Ex- 
hibited to thom from that (Quarter 

Sent uj) for Coiunirrence 
John Hancock, Spk' 

Notice of Committee of Etujniri/. 

Boston Septem' 11*" 1779 
Sir The General Assembly having appointed a Committee 
to en<iuir(! int<» the Conduct of the Officers who were engaged 



OF THE STATE OF IMAIXE 



125 



in the late Expedition to Penobscot, wliich enquiry is to com- 
mence on the 22'' day of Septeml/ 

You are therefore hereby directed to attend the said Com- 
mittee at Faneuil Hall in Boston on the day before mentioned. 

In the Name & Behalf of Council 

Pres't. 



Land Officers 
Brig"" Genl. Lovell 
Brig"" Genl. Wadsworth 
Adj^Gen' Hill — 
Coi° Mitchell — 
CoPMcCobb — 
Brigade Maj"" Brown 
Brigade Maj"" Todd 
Major Lithgow 
Lieu' Col° Revere 
CoP Tyler 



Cap'' Armed Vessels 
Dudley Saltonstall Esq"", 
Rich Salter 
Dan' Waters 
Thomas Thomas 
Alexander Ross 
Nath' West 
John Carncs 
Nathan Brown 
Alex"" Holmes 
W" Burke 
Phillip Brown 
John Foster Williams 
Rob* Johnson 
Allen Hallet 
John Cathcart 
John Edmonds 
Hoysted Hacker 
Moses Little Lt Hazard 
Dau' Souther Volunteer 
on board 
Warren 



Resolve of Council. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Sep' 11, 177!) 
Resolved, That the Hon: Council be re<]ucstcd to permit 
a Flagg of Truce to proceed to Pcnobscott, to transport from 



Il5«i KOC'l'MKNlAKV IIISTOICY 

there lo h'Mu' part of this State tlic Families of .losqih Per- 
kins Sparks Perkins Cliarlcs lliilcliins Thomas Nutter 
Elijah Wiiislow Stover Perkins Samuel Averv \' Daniel 
Perkins aiul others the I nliaiiilants of Tenohscott cV Major- 
haiiailnce in similar distresseil ( 'ii'cnmstanees, who nniy ho 

tjesirons of heini: removed — 

Sent uj* for ( 'oncui-renec 

.lolin Hancock Spk"" 

(onsented to — 

Jere rowell I! Whiti; .1 Simj)son 

W Severs T Danielson Jn" Pitts 

A Ward N Cushing N. Goodman 

Saml Adams Tim Edwards Edw** C'utts 

Moses Gill Sam Niles Aaron Wood 

In Council Sej). 1 1, ITT'.I 
liead k Concurred 

John Avery D Sec'j. 

In Council Sep' l-'V" 177'J 

Ki'ad \- ( 'oiicnrred as taken into a New Draught 

Sent dowu for (,'oneurrenee 

Saml Adams Seer'' 

Consented to — 

Jer: Powell Sam' Adams Tom l']dwards 

W. Severs P White d Simpson 

A. Ward F Gardner N Goodman 

W. Spooner T Danielson Jn" Pitts 

T Cnsliing A Fuller Edw" Cutis 



In the lloii>eof Representatives 
Kead \' C(»ncurred 



Sept. l.T 177!) 
John Hancock Spk"" 



OI'- rilK STATE OF MAIMO 127 

Capt George Leonard lo Commanding Officer at Falmouth. 

Israel Stoddard, late Commander of an Armed Boat, called 
the Prudence, was taken in June last, by the Letter of 
Marque Sloop General Leslie under rtiy direction: lie is 
now a Prisoner at Rhode Island: If Francis Welsh, late 
Purser of the Ship Pestoration, can be immediately for- 
warded to this place I hereljj promise to exchange the said 
Israel Stoddard for him, and will transmit an Order for 

his Release. 

Geo Leonard 
Holms's Hole, on Board the 

Ship Restoration Scp*^ 13, 1770. 

The Commanding Officer at Falmouth 



I'dtliDii i)f OjJIrers to (U)uncil. 

To The llono"''"' the Council A: the House of Kcprcsentulives 
of the State of the Massachusetts Bay 

We the Subscribers, willi due Submission Bcii" Lea\e to 
Exhibit to your Honours, this Our Pettition to intreat ^'our 
Honours to Consider our (\asc & if (^)nsistant. to (Jrant our 
Prayer. — 

We severraly have I5een lloiioiii-cd with ( 'oiniiiissions ».V 
Imploymcnts from voiir Honours, Fiidci- ( 'ol" Jolni Alhiii. 
I Continental A^ent & Super Intendent for Iiidijin Alfairs 
Eastern Department, we have & Always will lU; duly Sin- 
ceble of the Honour ConferM On L^s. And have for Two 
Years Past Endeavoiird (to the LUmost of Our Ability) to 
Discharge the Duty we Owe C)ur Country, & in Obeying & 
Executing the Orders of Our Commanding Officer in our 
Several Stations — 



12S i»o(1"mi;n r.\i;v iiisrouv 

Willi (Iratiludr, wc AcknuwK'd!.' !«• luivc Ki'ccivcfl as a 
ivccoiiipoiu-c for Our Services, llic ])ay Stcpulatcil & Estab- 
lished by Congress witliont the I'jiioluinonts | such as Cloatli- 
ing &r Advance jkiv | CJ ranted to the OtRcers of the Conti- 
ncntal Aniiy, \vc l)ei:; Leave furtlier to Ohservc that this 
pav (.wcini: ch icily to the Deprecation Of Our Currency, is 
IJccome C^iite Iiiiidi(iiialc & Insufficient, being Stationed in 
a Country of Scarcity, of Course every Artickle of Ncces- 
sitv ExorV)itantly Dear, so that we Are Allmost Unable to 
Subsist and it is Impossible for Us to Suport the Dignity of 
Our Hanks & Stations, we there fore Humbly pray — 

That After due Consideration of these Circumstances Pro- 
vision ^lay be made for Us 

That Our pay May be Advanced & Clothing Granted Us 
at the Stepulated Prices for the Army 

And, That we may share in every Emolument and l>enitit 
Granted to Our Umtlier Officers in the Service of the United 
States, as we shair in every Difficulty And Danger which we 
Bare & Are Determind to Support with liecoming Patience 
Resolution & Fortitude to the Best of Our Ability — And as 
in duty Bound we shall ever pray 

John Preble Cap* Ind^ 
Lew Fred Delesdernicr Licnt Iiid 
Wm Allen Lieut Artil-^ 
Robert Foster Quarf Master 
das Avery Lieut of Ind" 

In Council SeptM:}"" 177!) 

Read & Sent down 

John Avery D Sec'y 

These may Certify that the ( iciiilcincii that Signed the 
Foregoing, has Been for Some time in the Service ot the 
Ignited States, and Upon All Occations. Discharged their 



OF TIIK STATE OF MAINE 129 

Duty with Honour — And it is but to obvious the Ditiicultys 
& Distress they have Sustained in the Depreciation of the 
Money 'J'ho Pui-suini;' llio Greatest Economy Possilile with 
their Setiiatioii — 

J ii Allan (J A I E D' 



Petition William Lithgow to Council. 

To the lloiiouraltle the Council & House of Ivepresentatives 
of tlie State of Massachusetts Bay in General Court 
assembled. 

The Petition of William Lithgow, Humbly Sheweth, 
That your Petitioner being appointed to the Command of 
300 ]\ren detached from V>. Cushings Brigade for the defence 
ot" the (\)unty of Lincoln, which t'l-oni a grateful sense of the 
honor intended him by Council in a])j)oiiit iiig him to so im- 
poi'tant command the solicitation of some Persons high in 
Office licre, but above all his sincere desire to serve his Coun- 
try in the present crisis, he has been induced to accept, to 
the total neglect of his i)rivate concerns, at a time when the 
wounds he received at Saratoga will but ill admit the 
fatigues of a (^inip, and being unprovided with Cloathing 
necessary to render an Expedition even tolerable, in so inhos- 
pitable a part of the Country as Penobscot Pay, he humbly 
prays that your honoui's will be pleased kindly to indulge 
him with Permission to j)urcliase out of the State Store the 
following articles of Cloathing at as easy a lay as the Officers 
of the Continental liattalions raised in this State are fur- 
nished therefrom Viz'^ Cloth & Trimmings for a Coat, 1 
Pair of Ih-eeches, & 1 Pair of Overalls tt 8 Yards Linen for 
2 Shirts — the <iuantity colour \-c of the Cloth necessary for 
the above Purpose will be ascertained to your TLuiours by 



l.;<) DOCITMKNIAK'V IIISIOKY 

the Ilc:irci-. lull if tlmsc articles arc imt in the Stale Store 

vttur Petit iciier |ira\s that lie may haxc an ( )r(h'r li> iret llieni 

at the cHiit iiieiital Stdi-e. to he accduiitetl hir at the (^losc 

nt" the ( "aiiipaii^n and youi- IN'lilioner as in iMity hound will 

ever pray 

Gcor^^etown Sei)t"' i:'."' 1T7!> 

William I^itliirow 



Order of Council. 

State of Mass"^ Bay 

Council (liamhcr Sept. 13'" 1779 

Ordered that tlie ( Vniunissary (Jeiieral he and be hereby is 
directed to furnisb Major W" Todd with Provision sufficient 
for Six ]\len Seven Days as also One Gallon & balf of Rum to 
carry tbem to tbc River Kenneheck — tbey being men em- 
ployed by General Lovell. 

Attest John Avery J) Sec'y. 



Jos. (inrdiicr lo ('(lumil. 

Sir 

The ( 'ommy I'risonei's int"oi-m"d me thai there were twenty 
sick (V wounded from Peiiohscott to he turned into the Hos- 
pital ibis Day by order of This Councih you will please 
to inform iheni that I lia\c no coverini:; for lliem, I bad an 
(U-<ler last Winter for twenty l>laid<ett 1 ,irott Seventeen 
which were only h'tjual to foui- piod ones — I haxc aske<l oiu' 
(d' the Hoard War if lliey could Supply me \- was answered 
in tbc Xcpitive. All the F.lankett in tbe Hospital now cover 
tbe prisoners of War j I imai^inc tbc Xavy Board could send 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 131 

some Blaiikctt, it tlic I Ton Couneill will order Any one to 

apply for them 

I am s*" y"" 

Sec'y xVvery Jos Gardner 

Boston 14. Sep 1770 

In Council Sep^ 14, 1770 

Read & Sent down 

John Avery 1) Secy 



Williain Liiligoio to Council. 

Georgetown, 18*" Sepf 1770 
Sir; 

As I am happy in licini; known to your Honor, I beg leave 
to recommend to your early attention and ])iitronage the in- 
closed petition, which 1 hope will meet your approbation. 
The Detachments from the several Keginicnts in 13. Cush- 
ing's Brigade I believe are nearly compleated, and imagine 
the Men will be soon ready to march to their respcK'tive 
Destinations. Brigad"" Gushing has tlionglit ])ro])cr (o order 
60 men to occupy (^ox's heights near the entrance of this 
River, where he intends planting some pieces of Cannon; 
upon a critical examination of this Kminence it a])pears to 
be a very coniniandiiii:' sitnation *.V' cxtrcniely defcncibic; our 
works here, which arc i)artly tinished will consist of one 
small Battery on the southern side of the hill, about 15 feet 
above the surface of the Water one ditto on the Eastern side 
much more elevated, and a small Fort on the summit of the 
rock to be composed of timber & earth ; 30 Men are to form 
a guard at Townsend, and the remainder of the detachment 
to be posted at Cambdcn, from whence it is proposed to bar- 



i:;2 ]>OCrMENTAKY lllSTOUV 

rass tlie Kiieiny hy frtHpieiit excursions iij) ihc lliiv tS: pre- 
vent as nnicli as possiMe the deprechitiniis ^>\' tlicii- scoutinf^ 
j)Mrties, tor this p\irp<tse I lu-u leave to su^i^est to vour Honor 
tlint in niv ()|>ini<iii it will Kc iiccessai'v to lia\e a nuinher 
of Wliale lloats properlv e(pii]>jie(l, wliidi will very nnieli 
faeilitate our approaches towards llie iMieiny, <fc as their 
motions are much more rai)i<l than any r>ari;;e. tlicy will 
secure us an easy i-etreat in cas<' of a pursuit, ami slionid 
it he necessary to reinforce any distant I'ost tlii' lloats will 
form a quick &' easy conveyance fm- the rroojts, and prevent 
tlic delay &: fatigue inseperahle from a long and tedious 
March thro* the woods. As tliis service from the nature of 
the Country must necessarily he attended with great fatigue 
I apprehend it would liaxc a hajijiy intluence on the conduct 
of tlie 1 )elachnieiit cV niatei'iaily iiromoio the end of their 
appointnienl should they he allo\ve<l a moderate (pumtity of 
Kum, with out which no Exertions will he found sufficient to 
kecjt the men uj) to a cheaid'ul iV spiiitcd pciformaiice of their 
Duty. 

Accounts from Penohscot agree that certain Persons com- 
missioned to act as (XHcers un<1ei- the celehrated Major 
Ilogers, (some of whom ai-e iiilialiiianis of that place) are 
using every artifice to intluce the jieoi>le thercahouts to inlist 
inlii the Iving's ser\ ice wilh a view to estahlish a Body of 
Ivangers, in which they havi- met with some success. 

We have heen for some days pasi under very painful 
apjirehcnsions ahout the I'^ite uf our Ordmiuce &c from which 
however we are niutdi relieved hy intelligence just received 
that it has got safe into Falm" under Convoy, from whence 
we expect it every hour. 

A Report at ilii> iiKimcnt pi-evails here that the Enemy 
are jdundering lielfast and ( ;nnhdeii \- that (Jencral Wads- 



OF THE STATE OF ^^AINE 133 

worth, finding himself unahle to oppose their ravages has 

written to Gen' Lovell for a Reinforcement. 

I have the Honor to be, 

witli great Respect Sir, 

In Council Sept 22'' 1771) Your ohedicnt Servant 

Read & sent down with the Will"" Lithgow Jun"" 

inclosed Petition 

John Avery D Secy 



Committfe of Safety lo Council. 

Falmouth Sepf 13, 1779 
To the 

Hon"'*' Council of State Massachusetts Bay. 

The Select Men & Committee of Safety at Falmouth beg 
leave to inform the Hon' Board of the rec* of their Letter 
of y" 3 Ins' — the incIosM directed to Brigadier Thompson 
was immediately forwarded, it is now seven days since, but 
we have not heard of his taking any measures towards rais- 
ing the three hund" Men to be Station'' at Falmouth. — 

The Letter from the Hon' Council to Colo' Jackson, in 
his absence we took the Liberty to open, in answer to which 
we would inform your Honors that the Reg^ under the com- 
mand of Colo' Mitchel, which retreated from Penobscott, was 
Order'd by Gen' Lovell to Falmouth, to Guard from this 
place to IIar])swel] & to l)e under the direction of the (Com- 
mittee of Safety at Falnioulh. As a great part of those men 
were destitute of Arms & Accoutrements, the Committee 
thought proper to discharge five of the Companies, except 
20 of the Company Commanded by Cap*^ Curtis of Harps- 
well, who are to keep Guard at that Post; the remaining 
three Companies which were best Arm'd & Accoutred are 
now Station'd at this Place & Cape Elizabeth. 



i;;i DOCU.Mi;.N lAKv ihstoicy 

Wc eslec'iii it a Diitv incuiiilK^iit on us, to inform your 
Honors tliiit the Melilia in this ("onnty arc, at jircscnt, in 
ji Situation incapaMc of Dcfcndinir in Case of an Attack, 
|irin('ij>all_v owini,' to tlic Ignorance & Neglect of some of 
tlie principal Oiliccrs in tlu; Ilrijriule. — A Convention of 
this County is to be held next Fryday when a proper repre- 
sentation of the State of the iMelitia will he nnnle to the 

Hon' ( 'ourt. 

We are with sentiments of Respect 

'S'onr Honors most ohed' Serv'^ — 

Benj Tilcomb 
15y order ^ in behalf of the Select 
Men iV ("onimittee of Safety. — 

Stephen Hall ; T'liairman. 

P. S. A nund.er of small Arms & (Cartridges has lately 
been ree'' also a (piantity of Ordnance Stores address'd to 
Colo' Jackson by the I>oard War. — a particular return of 

which shall be made by the first Opportunity. 

lu Council Sep^ 22" 1779 
Read & sent down 

dohn Avery 1). Sec^ 

In the House of liepresentatives 

Sept 22 1779 

Head & committed, with the Letter from Brigadier Thomp- 
son, to the Committee of both Houses to whom the Letter 
of the Hon Enoch Freeman Fst) in behalf of the County of 
Cumberland, was committed 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Haiu'oids' Spk 
In rv.uneil Sep* 22" 1779 
Read ^ Concurre<l 

John Averv D Se" 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



VM 



Resolve of Council. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In Council Sep' 1;'/'' 1779 

Resolved that the Board of War be & hereby are directed 
to deliver to each of the Indians of the Penobscot Tribe now 
in the Town of Boston, one Hat, one Shirt, one Blanket, one 
pair of Stockings, one pair of Shoes & one pair of Buckles 
and the Board of War are hereby directed to lay before this 
Court an account of the Supplies they have delivered out 
for the use of the Eastern Indians 

Read & Sent Down 

John Avery D Sec'y 
In the House of Representatives Sep' 15, 1779 
Read & passed 

Sent up for Concurrence . 

John Hancock Spk"" 
In Council Sept. 1;V" 1779 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery 1) Sec'y. 
Consented to — 

Jer Powell 

W Severs 

A Ward 

T Cushing 

Saml Adams 



Moses Gill 
T Danielson 
N Cushing 
'N Goodman 
Jn° Pitts 



Aaron Wood 
Edw'^ Cutts 
J Simpson 
B White 
Oliver Prescott 



Petition of James Avery. 

To the House the Council Board of the State of Massachu- 
setts Bay 

The Petition of James Avery 

Hunil)ly Shcweth, 

That some time in April 1777, one John Anderson of 
Newbury Port, Ship'd a (^)iiaiitity of Goods for the River 



I'U't DOC V M K N TA i: V 1 1 I .Sl( ) U Y 

St .Tdliiis ill XdVii Scotiji. uliicli ^oods were stopcd Itv tlio 
( oiiniiittL'c of Macliias, as llicv did not think proper lo I.ct 

tlioin po at that Time, The (Joods ])eiii<^ very Suital)Ie 

for tlic Iii<liaii Trath'. \' imn-h \\aiitc<|, ('dI" Allan wrote to 
the Hon'''" Court, lieijuestinj^ flujy would j)Uichas(' thcni 
from said AiKh.'rson f(U- tluit purpose, on wliidi liuy j»a.ssed 
a Resolve Direetinj^ the JJoard of War to do it, — the saiil 
goods were Delivered out to tlie Indians by Cap' 8mith tlie 
Truck ATaslcr, with, anil as the Slat(!S j)rop('rty, and ( 'ol" 
Allan has Settlcil with the State for the same in his 
accounts — 

Ahout tlie middle of March last Anderson ( 'omiiicnccd an 
Action against Col" Allan for the said goods, on which he 
petitioned the J Ion'''" Court, on the Matter, hut never re- 
ceived any answer, on the 18"' Inst the Tryal Come on at 
the Inferior Court at Salem, when they l>rought in that Col° 
Allan should pay said Anderson three Thousand poun<ls for 
the (joods k. Costs of Court, from which dudgment Col" Allan 
lias appealed to the Superior (Jourt in November Next — 

Therefore as said Goods were Taken for the Use and Ac- 
count of the States, Your Petitioner Humbly Prays your 
Honors wou'd take the matter into your wise ( Vjnsideration, 
(S; (live sudi Ord(!rs & l)ir(!ctioiis thereon for settling the 
affair, as your llonoi-s may think jiroper, which will prevent 
any furtluir ex|>ence & Trouble 

An<l your Petitioner as in l)uty T'oiiikI will ever pray 

J as. Avery. 
Boston 

•July 24'" 1770 

In Council Sep' 1."), 1770 

Read & ()r<lered — 'Jdiat Aai<»n Wood E-sq"" witli Such as 
the Ilnn^'" House shall a|)j)oint, he a Coiiiittee to Cdiisider 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE l^JT 

this Petition with the Papers Accompanying the Same & 
report wliai may l)e proper to ])e done tliereon 

Sent down for Concurrence 

Jn° Avery D Sec'y 

In the House of Representatives 

Sept IG, 1779 

Read & concurred tt IJrigad' Titc(jnil) & ^raj"" Cross are 

join'd 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Sep* 15, 177!) 

Resolved, 

That the Board of War Ix; directed to apj)]y to tlie ISTavy 

Board for the Loan of a nunilxn- of Blankets not exceeding 

Twenty to jje delivered to Doctor Joseph Gardner for the 

Sick & wounded Soldiers & Sailors from Pcnobscott, now in 

the Hospital — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk' 

In Council Sep^ 15*'' 1779 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery I) Sec'y. 

Consented to 

Jer Powell B White Jn" Pitts 

W. Severs . N Cushing T. Danielson 

A Ward J Simpson Aaron Wood 

T Cushing Tim Edwards Edw" Cutts 

Moses Gill Sam jSTiles N. Goodman 



188 



i)()CiMi:.\i'Ai;v II isr<»i;Y 



Ucsolrc of (Irninil Court. 

Stnic of Massaclmsctts Wax 

III the lloiiscof Itcprcsontatives Sep' 15 1779 

Wlicroius tlicir is a Xuinher of l^ersoiis of the Inliabitants 
of Pciu)])scutt or .Majorl)aga(lufe that arc dcsicrous to Re- 
move tlicir nistrest faniilys from that IMacc on ace' of the 
Eiiemv and they Ijcinu: Tnahle at tlicir own Expcnee 

TlKirefore Kesolved that the Hoard of War he Directed to 
I'roxidc them a Vessel and Xessecerys as a fla^g of truce 
Inr that purpose at the Expence of the State 

Sent up for Concurrence 



Head & Concurred 
In Council Sep' 1.'), 1771) 
J<»hn Avcrv 



John Hancock Spk' 



) Sec'y. 



Consented to- 
.Tere Powell 
A Ward 
Sam'l Adams 
J Fisher 
Moses Cill 



II. Gardner 
T Danielson 
Sam Niles 
Jn" Pitts 
B White 



N. Goodman 
Edw"' Cutts 
X Gushing 
J Simpson 
Oliver Prescott 



Saml Thompson to rrrsident of Council. 

Si"" — I Recivcd a Icter from your Honor the 15"'- Sep' 
Wharin you ('all on nic to know Why the Resolve of Juno 
y" 8"* was not Com])lyed with and to give to Council the 
Reason wharc for the Detaclimcnt from my Brigade k wliy 
a return was not made — Si"" the licsolve — Came to lian<l 
alxtut the Time the k'licniics lan<lcd at llragaduce altho. mv 
orders went forward to cadi ('nii' to Kais the men ('ailed 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 139 

for l)y Said Jlesolve. but Soonc their Came to hand anact 
of June 2G to Rais Six liundr'' men for Penobscot the 
Cort saying tliat if llic expidition a gainst Penobscot went 
on we Should be excused for Nine months from filling up 
the Conantial armie that was thought to Comprehend the 
whole and in Short the times Ware at that Day verey dark 
in those parts I am Concious to my self that the trouble 
I had in geting and keeping the men Raised for Pnol> 
scot imploid all my atention and throu the whol no Return 
was made to me and it had quite gone out of my mind 
takeing it our being excused for Nine months, the first 
600 men are from home n(jw and not Dismiscd orders out 
to rais 300 more we hant half men to do our work Some 
runing one way some a nother I have sent out my orders 
a new and Shall indeaver to have the men forwarded 
imedately as soone as posibel I can have it done if aney 
field officers fails his Duty I Shall Report liim to Council 
I hope soone to be able to Returne the men and officers 
Names, your honor well knows our Setclmcnts in this 
Scatered Country it is more dificult than it ever was be- 
fore. Confident I am if our western Brethern felt our 
Distresses the Honorable Cort would Dismiss us from this 
Draft, as the trouble to us and cost to the State is great and 
enemies at our doors. I will asure Honorable Council 
nothing on my part Shall be wanting 
Sep* ye 16'** 1779 I am Si' with great Respect your 

Most obedent Humble Serven' Samuel Thompson B'^"'" 
Brunswick Cumberland State of Massachusetts Bay 

To the Honorable Jeremiah Powel Esq"" President of 
the Councel of this State 
In Council Sep' 22'^ 1770 
Read & Sent down 

John Avery D Sec* 



140 Doei'MK.N r.M.-Y IIISTOKY 

List (if Dihfs due in the Naval Dcparl ntcnl on IJif 
Expedition to Penobscut. 

Owners nf .Inin.] Ship Voiiiroanco £100000 

Ship .Momnoulh 100000 

Sliip Sky Rookcf 70000 

Shi|) l;l;ick l'riiic(! .... lOOOOd 

Sliip ircctr.r 140000 

Sliip Jlunter 115000 

Sliip niarming Sally . . 90000 

Sliij) Putnam 110000 

l!ri- Defence 100000 

925,000 

Transports 

Owners of J]v\</ Samuel £9000 

Sloop Centurion 2900 

Schooner Xancy 4000 

S|(,op l)(,'fi;ince 4G00 

Sloop Abigail 4300 

Sloop Brittania 4400 

Sloop Fortune 4250 

Schooner Unity 4000 

Sloop Sparrow 4200 

Sloop Sally 4000 

D" .Vancy GOOO 

\y K.ice I Torse 4050 

!)■■ Dnlpliin 4000 

!)■■ ll;iMn:ih fiOOO 

D" Hethaiah 4300 

D" ln<]nslry 5250 

D" -loh 4000 

!)" I'i.lgwm 4400 

D" Safety 4500 



OF TlIK .STATE OF MAINE 141 

Scliooner Allen 3300 

I)' Ilacliel 4250 

£1,020,700 

Due for Hire of Trans- 
ports saj 18 000 

Portledge J>ills for dilln 

say 000 

Pay Rolls for donid Ves- 
sels say 4500 



Sep-" 16, 177!) Copy of the witliin £1,052,200 

sent into council 



Cerlificale in furor Surah lidfilrij. 

Falmouth Sept 10, 1770 
This Certifies that Sarali Bagley is the Wife of P>enjaniin 
Pagley, who was a Soldier in the Continental Army in Cap' 
Whites Comp^ & CoP Francis's Reg', in the Northern De- 
partment, & that s** Sarali is I he Legal Iloir »S: proper person 
to receive the Bounty (! ranted hy llie den' Court to the 
Soldiers in the Continental Army. — 

Penj Titcond) \ Select Men 

Richard Codmau \ of 

J oil 11 Waite ) Falmouth, Casco bay 



Directions to Board of War. 

In the House of Rej)resentatives 

Sep' 17'"- 1779 

Whereas no ])rovisioii has as yet heen made for the Pro- 
curing of Hatts for the Supply of this State's Quota of the 



142 



1 )()r I' M K N 1' A i; V 1 1 1 S !( » U Y 



rontiiK'iilal Army Tliercforo 

Kc'solvi'd tluit the lloiinl of W'lir •!<• i: herebv arc directed 
iiiiinciliatclv t<» jtiociirc V'wr 'rinnisaiid Felt llatts upon 
as reasonable terms as possiltlc, lor the use of the non- 
commissioned Officers & Privates l)elon<:;ing to the Con- 
tinental Kegimenfs raised in this State, & deliver them, when 
Procured, to Such I'crsoti as the Cicncral Court, or in the 
recess of the Couit as the ("nuiicil may direct 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk"" 
111 Council Sep' 17'" 1771) 
Kcail \' ( 'oncurred 

John Avery I) Sec'y 
Consented to 



Jere Powell 
A Ward 
Sam' Adams 
II Gardner 
Moses Gill 



N Cushing 
T. Danielson 
Oliver Prescott 
B White 
J. Simpson 



Sam Niles 
Jii" Pitts 
Aaron Wood 
Edw" Cutts 
Noah Goodman 



Resolve. 



\\\ the House of Representatives 

Sei)f 17, 177i) 

Resolved That there he allowed and paid out of the 
Puhlick Treasury of this State to the several Detachments 
from the Militia thereof which were made hy the lion"''" 
Couiic"il in the Kecess of the General Court & also to those 
order'd for the Expedition to i'cnol)scot the several sums 
following in addition to the Continental Pay k Rations for 
each Calendar Month they have, or may remain in service, 
cV who did or shall not leave the service till regularly dis- 
charged, viz — To each Col" Forty Five Pounds, to each 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 



143 



L' Col° & Regimental Siu-jL^con Forty PouikLs, to cadi Major 
'riiirtj five rounds — to eacli Captain, Adjutant, (Quarter 
Master & Surgeons Mate, Thirty Pounds — to each Lieuten- 
ant Twenty four Pounds — to each Sergeant Twenty tliree 
Pounds, to each Corporal, Drummer & Fifer twenty two 

Pounds & to each Private twenty one Pounds also a 

further Sum of Two Shillings per Mile for each Mile they 
March'd to the Place where Rations were provided — also 
for each Mile from the Place of their Discharge to the Places 

of their respective Abodes the said Sums for Mileage 

to be made up in the Pay Roll, for the Additional Pay. 
Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk"" 
In Council Sept 17- 1771) 
Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Sec'y 



Consented to- 
Jere Powell 
A. Ward 
Sam'l Adams 
B White 
T. Danielson 



Moses C ill 
N. Cushing 
O Prescott 
Jno Pitts 
Aaron Wood 
H. Gardner 



J Fisher 
Sam Nilcs 
J Simi)son 
N Goodman 
Edw" Cutts 



licporl of ('onnnilh'r of Sdfffi/ lo llic iicncrnl CourL 

Falmouth 17'" Septenf 1770 
T(» tlu! Honourable The Gen' Court of y" State of Massa- 
chusetts Bay 

The ( Wimittee of Safety &c for the County of Cumber- 
land alarmed at the State of the ^lelitia in this Countv, This 



Ill IHX^MM I;N T.MJV II I S 1(1 ICY 

I);iv a.ssflultU'il ;it I'liliii'iiilli ill ( 'oiis ciil inii.- tlicv tonk iiit<i 
( '(Hisidcnitioii ilic ciiiidii inn dl' ilic Mcliii;!, \' foiiii«l ii ;is 
disimrccalik' ;is their ^ncalcst iVais lia<l suii'ircstccl ! \- a^rce- 
alilf l(t a ri'S(.l\c d' llic (Jfii' Cnmt passed the 1 :}"' of Fcliy 
lT7<t ilicv think tlioiiisclvcs bound in l)uty lo make Iho fol- 
Inwiiiii' r(']ir('S('iitati(iii 1o tlio lloiioiirahlo Court. 

The ('(iiixciil ii»ii liiid the Mclitia not OIHccrM in all I'e- 
spcets as the times i-e(|uire. The Men are uiid icipli iied ; 
iinaniiM; unacniul re<l. ^llllr Ildiioi's will ai\(' us leave to 
observe as our Opinion, that were our Melitia dilTcirently 
OlHcei'M. we sliould then he capalilc of I'endering other .serv- 
ici- til the ruhlick than lar^elv fuvnisliinfj; a nund)er of un- 
aiiiid Men. wliich is in a nianner all that we can imw do. 
Indeed we are at present in as del'eiieeless a Stale, as ean 
easilv he coneeivM (d'. hv reason of a nund>er of Persons now 
in ( 'oniniission — Tlie local Situation of tlie Ih'igailier, down 
at IJrunswick, is exeeedinii;]y inconvenient »lv: his accouiplisli- 
nienls \' eajiaeitv are siicii, as to foi-hid his llrit:;adc's heinji; 
in that enndilion. whicli the limes i-eipiii-e. Tlie Person, 
who (■(•nimands the first Iveii,inient in the County, viz, Peter 
Adves Ksti"" we tliink alt(»i;-etlier nne(|ual to the (^tnlnlaud lie 
liolds. lie is entirelv iiiiioianl (d' his l)iitv, or altoi^etlicr 
inattentive t(» it : iVir he does no part oi' it. he has heen uri!;ed 
to see his Kep,' put into some jxtsture of defence not oidy hy 
the Conmiitt(>eof Safely for the Town of I^'alm" in ]>arti(Mihir ; 
hut also hy a Condition of the ('oimly in general; yet he 
has taken no steps toward it. Their ])rcseiit State is such 
ihal they are lillle more lli;in iinarmM Men. The lirst 
Major in 8*' Keg* vi/. dames .Meiiill. we think to he une(iual 
to the Command he iiolds. It is needless for us to assign to 
your Honors all the defects in the .several OlHccrs whose rc- 
mo\al we think the ruhlick safety i-ecpiires; \- ii woiiM also 
take up too much oi your Honors time to receive the Account. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 145 

Wo sliall tlicroforo only point out tlic Persons, wo are clearly 
of Opinion, might be exchanged to the advantage of the 
Public. — We think the second Keg* in this County can never 
be in a posture of Defence so long as Cominandcd by Jona- 
than Mitchel Esif Afajors Gerrish, & Larrabee we think 
cannot command without injury to the Publick. We think 
none of the field Olfiecrs of the third Reg* capable of render- 
ing service to the Publick in their present Command. — The 
fourth Reg* wo think has a valuable Man for a Lieut Colo' 
the two Majors also we know of no cause for their removal, 
but wo think it necessary that another Person than Colo' 
Pike should command the Keg* — 

Your Honors will excuse us in giving the above informa- 
tion, which we think ourselves in Duty bound to do. Should 
we now be asked 'iiave you men more suitable to Command 
in their stead?" we should answer without hesitation, we 
have: And might vvc lie permitted wo would nominate; 
(Major Daniel Ilsley of Falmouth as a suitable Person to 
command the Brigade. Mr. Stephen Ilall of Falm" to com- 
mand the first Cap' William Cobb of Falm" to be second 
Major. — John Lewis Esq"" of North Yarmouth to command 
the second Reg*, Mess" Ozias Blanchard of N Yarmouth & 
William Stanwood of Brunswick for Majors. — M*" Daniel 
Moulton of Scarborough to command the third Reg* Cap' 
Alex. McLollan of (iorliam to bo Lioutt Colo' «& I^Icss" Ben- 
jamin Larrabee of Scarborough & John Deane of Pearson 
Town to bo Majors.^ J. ieutt Colo' IMorrill of New Glocester 
to command the fourth Reg* Cap' Richard Mayberry of 
Windham to be Lieu" Colo') — 

The peculiar & critical situation of this part of the Coun- 
try, & the continual expectation we have of an Invasion. We 
hope will apologize for the trouble We have given your 
Honors. — 

10 



lie, J>(>^•^■MK^•|■Al;^ iiiskikv 

W'v arc uiili the :;reato.st (k'tVi ri-iicc \- licspect 

\o\\v Honors most Oht'ilicnt &' most Imiiiblc Stu-vants 
The ('(iiiM'iitiiiii lit" ( 'oiiiiiiitict's fdi- till' (■(iiiiitv of ("uiM- 
luTla.i.l. 

I '.V ( )nlci' of ( "oiivciilioil 

Attest JMoscs Tileoinli Clerk 

Stephen Hall, PiW 
X. i;. 'riiciT arc ill the ('ouiitv ten Towns, Six were 
present one jthiiitat ion, viz Pearsnn Town; Windliaiii. <ira_v, 
Tlarpswell and IJrnnswiek were ahsent. 
In Council Sei)tcnib 24'" ITT'.i 

Road & sent down .John Averv I) Scc'y 

vStatc of tlic Massachusetts Bay 

the rommittcc of hoth Houses upon the Petition (»f tlic 
Second Parish in the town of Falmouth heg Leave to Re- 
port that il is their oi»iiiioii that the Petition and the other 
papers belonging to the same he Kcferc(l o\-er A to the Next 
vSetting of the General Court — all which is suhmitted= 

Kdw'' Cutts p*" order — 
In Council Sep"" IT, 1TT!>. 

Read & Accepted with an Amendment at A viz at A dele 
to the next setting of the (General Court iV insert to the Knd 
of the War. Sent down for Concurrence 

.John Averv 1) Secy 

In the House of Representatives Se])t 17 1779 

Read & Concurred .lolm Hancock Spk' 

Order of ('oiiikiI. 

In the House of Txepresentatives Sep' 17. ITTlt 

Ordered that Cen' Parley Coll Tudor \' Coll Gerrish with 
such as the Hon' Poard shall join he a Committee to hold a 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 147 

further (V)iiferciK'C wifli tlic Penobscot Iiidiaii.s now in Town 
& endeavour to prevail witli them to return to Penobscott in 
the Boat which is to j^o tliither this evening — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk"" 
In Council Sept 17 1779 

Read & Concurred and Oliver Prescott 
and Aaron Wood Esq""^ arc joined 

John Avery D Secy 

Resolve of Council. 

State of the 
Massachusetts Bay 

Resolved that the board of War of this State be directed 
to pay to John xVnderson of Newd)ury Port on his Order the 
Said Sum of Three Thousand Pounds and cost of Sut based 
at fifty pounds in full discharge of the Judgment Recovered 
by him against Co' John Allen and that the Board of War 
Charge the Truck Master at Machias with the Said Sums — 
The said Allen not withstanding to be held accountable for 
said Sums untill he or the Said Truck blaster account for 
the same to this State 
In Council Sep* 17"^ 1779 
Read & Sent Down 

J-ohn Avery D. Sec'y 

In the TTousc of Representatives 

Sept. 20- 1779 
Read & pass'd 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk' 
In Council Sep* 20'" 1779 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D. Sec'y 



148 iioc'r.Mi..Ni Ai;v iiiMtiKV 

( 'onsen tccl to 

Jcro Powell li While M.lw' Cults 

A Ward Moses Gill T. I );iiii(ls()n 

T. dishing H Gardner .1 Sinipson 

J FisluT N C^lsllinlr A Fuller 

F U Dana JnTitla Sam Niles 



The C'oniniitfee of l>oth Houses on the Pel it ions of .lames 
Avery praying on Behalf (»f Co' -John Allen the Assentee of 
this Court to discharge a JudnienI Recovered against said 
Allen by John Anderson of i\e\vhury-Port for three Thou- 
sand Pounds and cost of Sute ask leave to report the follow- 
ing Resolve 

Aaron Wood per Order — 



Report of Committee. 

The Committee of both Ibnises to whom was Conunitted 
the Letters from CoP John Allen have attended the Service, 
and Report as their Opinion, ihat a Committee he appointed 
to Consult with the Prize Priiz; which is now at Madiias 
Laden with provisions and Coiilr;nt with thcTU for so much 
of 8*' Cargo as is Necessary for the \'>r of the Gjirrison and 
Troops at Machias and also for that which ( 'ol" Allen bor- 
rowed of the Master of s'" Vessoll 

which is Innnbly Submitted 

-loscpli Simjison per Order 
In Council Sept LS"' 1779 

Rea<l k Sent Down 

John Averv T)^ Sec'' 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 149 

JosepJi DimmocL- to Commander of Fleet. 

Head Q" Falmouth Sep' 18, 1779 
I this Day r'" your Letter hy Shob. Cottlo Esq"" relative 
to the exchange of your Purser Francis Welsh — Am free 
an exchange should take place in a proper manner — But 
He is forwarded to Boston and it is out of my Power to re- 
turn him if I could have ever so good a man in exchange — 
without dou])t an exchange may take place in a manner con- 
sistent with the Cartel now Settled. 

Joseph Dimmock 
Com^g Offic-- Falmouth 
To George Leonard 
Commanding A fleet 
in the Vineyard Sound. 

Copy 



Report on Examination of Deserters. 

The Examination of John Larrance and four Negroes 
deserters from the Fleet in the Vineyard Sound taken at 
Falmouth the 18'*^ Day of Sept^ - 1779 by the Committee of 
s" Town — 

The Fleet consists of Ten sail of Vessels in all and 259 
Men design'' to y" Vineyard foi- wood, with written orders 
to distress tlu; inlial)itants on s'' main l)y burning or making 
depredations in any other way they sec fit. — That part of 
s'' Fleet are Bound to Khodeisland with wood — the ship 
with some of the armed Vessels to continue in the Sound or 
near it untill they return, when 20 Sail more may be ex- 
pected — that it is probable they will made depredations at 
Falmouth if they think their strength sufficient to do it. 



!.")() nOCI'MKN'TAI.'V lllSKtKY 

Tlic account (.r ca.li X'csscI ilicv ^ivo as follows viz: — 

Ship Kcstoratioii l'<» lmims Il'M iiicti 

ISlDop Preston 12 '2^> 

1)" (iarth >* 1^ from wiiicli tlic\ (JcsciMcd 

D" Greens 10 1^ 

D" Leslie 10 Hi 

Schooner < '1 1 :i riot tc 12 23 

ir (Small) -2 8 & 10 swivels 

1)>' (do) U 3 & Two swivels 

]^rigg — Sam' Perry 

Schooner — 4 Commander formerly 

— — of Sandwitch 

74 229 

That there arc thirty Volunteers in a (leet not in the ahovc 
acco' which is near the truth — the Vessels which are ex- 
pected are Wood Vessels — the deserters say they do not 
expect any more armed Vessels. — 

Men belonging to tlie Fleet — 220 

Volunteers — 30 25IJ Tcjtal 

The white man (Larrance) from whom we have the ac- 
count principally hclong to Norwalk and taken as he saith 
at Ilorse-neck last mar<-h and entered on hoard y"" Garth 
Sloop alxtut six weeks since as guiinci-, and now deserted the 
first oj. port unity — The Negroes belonged to Col. Greens 
Kegt. and was taken from the Narraganselt Shore about four 
months past as tliey say. 

They had agreed before hand to make; this charge ^ pro- 
vided accordingly — at Night agreed with the Guard for 
them to do their Duty an<l they would go ashore on y*" N'ine- 
vard t.V Steel some Shc<'|> an<l they wouM all Share in the 



OF THE STATK OF AfAINE 151 

Plunder — and so came off to Falnioutli — bringing with 
llieni in tlic pinnace tliej came off in 5 or King's Arms — 
3 p" Pistols — Several ])air of Silver Buckles and sundry 
other Articles. 

They said a lioat with twc; men came along side s*^ Garth 
The Night before they came away and after liailing the Boat 
Roemen told them tluiy wanted to speak with the T'ap' of s** 
Garth — they came aboard went into y^ Cabin & Convoy — 
with s^ Captain — pretended they came from Dartmouth — 
said they were upon a private expedition — afterwards went 
aboard the ship & every Vessel in the Fleet. — Said that 
Boats came down Sound frecpKnitly & came aboard of them. 

That Some of their Fleet were gone to Xantucket they did 
not know for what. One of s^ Black Fellows said wdien they 
came into s*^ Sound they took a spin along Falmouth shore 
with a design to see wbether it w"" be safe to Land, heard 
them say they would take an opportunity to destroy Fal- 
mouth. — 

Taken before s** Committee aforesd. 

Attest Joseph Dimmock 

Men Ordered for the Defence of Falmouth To consider 
also the State of y^ Militia in the Southern Part of the State 
— & report what is proper to be done thereon. 

Coll Freeman Cap Wales Coll White Mr Morton Mr Davis 

In the House of Representatives 

Sept 20'" 1779 

Read & thereupon Ordered That Capt Williams of Salem, 
& Gen' Titcomb with Such as the Hon'''" Board Shall join, be 
a Committee to consider the Same & report what is proper 
to be done thereon 

Sent up for Concurrence John Hancock Spk"" 



ir)2 DOCUMEN r.\i;v iiisrouY 

Jn (V)iiiicil Sop' lil" ITT'.t 

Read & Concurred mikI .Icicmijli I'uwcll I^scj" is joined- - 

•loliii Avcr.v I) ^vA-" 

■Jose jilt W hi iijilf lo (icticrnl Cintrl. 

To tlic^ \vh()l(! court — 
The petition of Josepli \Vliii)|il(' liuml)l_y shcwctli — 
That in June last he petitioned the Hon'"'" council for a 
supply of necessaries, for sick of the State choir of Art'^. 
That a committee of both houses was appointed to consider 
the expediency of continuing a Sur;!^" to said choir: That it 
was found expedient to continue a Surg", hut no other pro- 
vision nuide for the sick, than a Soldier's common allowance: 
That the Sick have been supported at their Own private ex- 
pence, and the Charity of some Individuals, ever since ex- 
cept while on the (;x])edition \i) Pcnohscott. Yout petitioner 
therefore begs your honor's would nuike such Provision for 
them as may be thought neces'y. 

Your petitioner beg's leave to add, that On the late ex- 
pedition to Penobscott, In executing an Order from the Gen'l 
he sulf'd the loss of all his P>agage, and as he is in real and 
rniinciliate want of linnen & other Clothing, he humbly pray's 
your honor's wou'd take such notice of this Petition, as his 
circumstances require 

Your hunibh; Petitioner 
Sep' 20'" 1779 -i \Vliii)pl(! Surg" Art^ 

State of Massachusetts Bay 
In tlie House of Representatives 
State of Massacrhusetts ]>ay 

In the House of Representatives 

Sept' 22"' 1779 

On the Petition of Joseph \Vhip])le Surgon to the Corps 



OF THE STATE OP AfAINE ITil'j 

of Artilery of this State praying For Necessary Articles — 
for the sick in said Corps 

Resolved that the Board of War be & tlicy hereby are 
directed to vSuply the Surgon of Said Corps with such artictlcs 
as they sliall Judge Necessary for the Comfort of the Sick 
Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk"" 
In Council Sep' 22'' 1770 
Read & Concurred 

John Avery i) Sec'y 
Consented to — 

J ere Powell B White Edw** Cutts 

A Ward 11 Gardner A. Fuller 

Sara' Adams Sam' Niles D Davis 

Jabez Fisher J Simpson Jn" Pitts 

Moses Gill 1) Davis N Gftodjium 



Inhahilania of Limerick to General Court. 

To the Honorable 
the Great and General Court or Assembly of the State of 
the Massachusetts Bay in New England — we your Ilumbel 
Petitioners the InhaJjctents of a Place Known by the Name 
of Limeric in the County of York and State a bovc men- 
shoned — Beg Leave to inform this Honorable Court that 
we have Received a warrant from the Honorable Henry 
Gardner Esq"" Treasurer of Said State Dated at Boston the 
Seventh Day of July in the year of our Lord 1779 — Re- 
quiring a tax to 1)0 Leaved and Collected in tliis town or 
Place of five hundred and sixty Pounds by order of this 
Honorable Court Directed to the Select men or assessors of 



I ."i I KOCI \l KNTAKV II ISTOI.'Y 

I.iiiK'rir — We lit-;; \a-\\v to iiifonii this (uiirt tlial as \vc arc 
not an in('orj)<)ral('<l Inwii tlicic is no S('lr<-t nu'ii assessor or 
other town nlicers in this I'hieo — so th;it with nul furtlier 
or<U'rs we do not Know llow to j.iosee-l in (ollcet said lax — 
we wonhl tlierefore \U-ii Ijhcilv to inform tliis Ilonoralile 
Conrt the Circnnislanees of this IMace — -there is ('onlain(;d 
with in the llonnds of l.iineric hy the l»est ('oni|inta! ion 
foreteen thousand and foiii' Iliiinlrccl acres ol Land there 
is Seteled in this IMace hnl twenty two fanielys fourteen of 
wliieh have moved into tins phtce with in three years Past — 
So that we arc yet in our infancy our Land Xew and uncul- 
tivated and Roads Expcncivc — and ohservinjT the Bcndini^ 
(d' the jdant too yonnii; often hni'ts the ai-owth of the tree — 
we wonlil there fore Pray this Ilonorahle Court to take these 
nuitters into C'onsideralion and if in there <^reat wisdome tliey 
shall find it Consistant with justice and the well fair of this 
State to Excuse this Place from taxes this year we shall 
Esteam it a great favonr ami improve it as such — Put if 
this Honorahle Court shall not think Proper to Excus this 
Place from paying taxes the whole of this year — we Pray 
that they would a hate the five Hundred and Sixty Pounds 
we ar Allready Sent too for — and allso would Pray that 
this Place may he incorporated so to act in town affairs 
according to Law Ijcfore any tax Shall he I)irecte<l to us 
hear after 

We yon r llnnihh.' Petitioners in l)onty Pound Shall Ever 
Pray 
Limeric, Septemhe 20: 177!) 

John Perry James | Perncs] Josepli Stimson 

Jacol) Tiradbury ( l'!prahiin | l)iiri:in '^ 'a rrell Staples 

[ ]iah Foster John I 'erry J iinioi- Jolin T5radhury 

Nathaniel Keckord Amniin Lord Ezekel Foster 



OF Tin-: STATE OF .MAI.VK 155 

Juliii Ilodgdeii l>cnjamiii| I)aiigannjrc] Eligoo'l ]\Iil]s 

John Wingate James Miles George I'eny 

Seth Fogg James Perry 

Thos Gilpatrick William Dnrgin 

Referred to the next Sitting March 21-1780- 

Leave to withdraw Capt Lovejoy Coll Thatcher Coll 
Gerrish 

Dec 15 1779 

Mar. 25- 17S0 Committed to y^ Committee appointed 
to bring in a Bill for incorporating Cox Ilall. 

The Court Martial in re Capt. Salton.stall. 

To the Ilon'hle the Suprcam Legislative Body of the States 
of Massachusets in General Assembly Convened. — 

The representation of this President and Members of a 
Court Martial for the trial of Dndloy Saltonstall Esq' Cap- 
tain in the American Navy, begs leave to shew 

That whereas the Honble the Commissioners of the Navy 
Board Eastern Department by their warrant bearing date 
the 7' of this instant September did Constitute a Court 
Martial for the trial of Dudley Saltonstall Esq"" which Court 
was to be held on board the Deane Frigate Tuesday the 14r~ 
instant; In Consequence of which a Number of Citations 
were Issued for evidence to appear as well in behalf of Dud- 
ly Saltonstall Esq"" as on the part of the United States; which 
Evidences duly summoned gave their attendance according- 
ly — expecting that the Trial would have gone through regu- 
lar process — but the Court having recieved a requisition 
from the Navy Board, together with a resolve of this Ilonble 
Court requesting an adjournment to the 28 inst and taken 
the same iiito their Considcnitioii thought proper to adjourn 
accordingly — 



ir)t'. nOCl'MKNTAIiV IlISTOKY 

rpon uliicli Adjoiiniineiit to the 28~ instant. Capt Sal- 
tonstall lias imulv r('j)re.scntafion, tliat by tliis moans he should 
Ik- (h'|iri\r<I of all cvich'iicc in snpjtoi-t of himself, unless that 
some mctlind cuuld he pointcil out to Order the furth(;r 
attendance <d' ilic l''\iden<',es ali"(!ady summoned vvliieh ho 
conciovod could not take place without an apj)li(ration to this 
Ilonhlc Court whose extensive jurisdiction mi^ht retain them 
in port, the greater ])art of them Ix.-in;! r(!ady for the Seas 
and resolved to embrace the first wind — Wherefore this 
Court ^faitial \vi]lin<; to shew every indulgence to Captain 
Saltonstall, and wishing the whole of their proceedings might 
evince a spirit of impartiality, beg leave to sollicit the inter- 
ference of this Iloid)le Couit \: (larnestly to retjuest that some 
means may be made use ol" to ictain those evidences within 
the limits of the Court. ii<»t in the least doubting but that 
Love of Justice & attention t(j Candour which has Always 
boon Characteristick of your proceedings will strongly plead 
to grant this indulgence — and that no difficulty may Arise 
the iNTamos of the Captains are herwith rendered in — 

Sam Nicholson Presidt 
In behalf of the Court 

Captain John Carnos — Salem 

Captain Nath' West d" 

Captain Nathan Jjrowne d° 

(Japtain . . Edmonds iJeverly, late Captain of the Defence 

(.'aptain Thomas Thomas . . Newbury Port 

Captain Alex'''' Holmes J>oston 

Captain Will'" Burke — Boston. 

In Council Sept. 20"" 1779 
Rea<l & Sent down 

John Avery I) So'' 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 157 

Petition uf Jo.siah Noyes. 

State of Massachusetts J>ay 

Sepf 21^' 17Y9 

To the Iloiioiiraltle tlie 

Council and the Honourable 
the liouse of Representatives in 
General Court Assenil»]e(l. 
The Petition of Josiah Noyes of Falmoutli in tlu; County 
of Cumberland & State aforesaid, Gent" — That your Peti- 
tioner was Collector for the Province Taxes in said Fal- 
mouth for the year 1705 and tliat William Tyng late of said 
Falmouth, now an absentee with the Knemy at New York, 
was then Sheriff of said County: That your Petitioner, by 
Reason of many Obstructions an<l Ditficulties, did not coin- 
pleat his Collection, till the said Tyng receiv'd a Warrant 
from the then Treasurer for the money whose Severity on 
your Petitioner was very great & threatned to commit Vinir 
Petitioner: unless Your Petitioner wou'd give; him an al>so- 
lute Deed of Eighty acres of Land, refusing other Security, 
but promised to reconvey the said Land to your Petitioner 
upon his Paying the said IMoney, winch your Petitioner 
has (since the Departure of said Tyng) paid the Treasurer 
Gardner in full tor said Taxes: — The Deed (d" said Kighty 
Acres of Land given by your Petiti(»ncr to saiil 'I'yng. and 
said Tyng's memorandum in his own hand writing, respect- 
ing his reconvey ing the same, together with the Treasurer's 
Receipt for the money, are ready to be produced. — Where- 
fore, as the said Tyng is a declared Enemy to the Country 
& an al)sentee as aforesaid, your Petitioner linnildy prays 
that this Honourable Court wou'd please to take the Premises 
into Consideration tV jiass an Act or Resolve that the Deed 
aforesaid shall forever hereafter be null &■ voi<l e^- that vour 



ir)8 DOCUMEN TAIIV ll|srni;Y 

I'd il ii)ii('r iiiav 1 iii|i|-o\ c \- |)is|)nsc of tlic Saiiic, as liis own 

proper Kstatc in \'\v as if the said I h-cd liad never lte(!n 

i,Mvi'n. or ollierwise relieve ^'onr I'etilioner, as voni- Ilononrs 

ina\' tliink projier, and voni- rctitioner as in l)iitv l>onnd 

Sliall e\-er ]>rav \'c. 

Josiah Noyes 



I'o Jii.s ExccUcucii -/(ill II -1(111. 

{Stale of J\iassaelmsells Vk\y Sep' 'iV 1779 
Sir 

'I'lic I-'ailnre of tlie Expedition planneil \\\ this Stiitc to 
dislodge llie Knemv fi'oni Penobscot, lialli involved this Gov- 
ernment in extreme DilHenlty, We not only have lost three 
State Vessels of Force, hnr have insnred all the otliers, ex- 
cepliii!: the ( niil ineiilal, that wei'e employed on that nnfort- 
inate Service. The ('alls ujioii I's to nnd<e good our (V)ii- 
Iraels with the Owners of the private ships are pressing, & 
must he fnlfilled (u- the public Faith and Credit he irrcpair- 
ahly injnred: Tn addition to which, the freipient Drafts 
from onr Militia for the i'nrpose of Defending this & the 
Neighbouring states, of Guarding Continental Stores and 
Prisoners of war brought into this Goverument from time to 
time in great Numbers which are not made withont great 
Expcncc, keeps our Treasnry exhausted; And alllmngh wo 
have taxed to the ainoiiiit of 1 inillioiis abo\-e the Stini oi'dercvl 
by Congress to be raised, we still liiid the Sums (Jovernment 
has raised inaderpiate to the continual Ar urgent IJeipiisitions 
on the Treasnry: l!ut, great as these DiHiculties are, our 
jirincipal one we have yet to nienlion: The Ivxpii-ation oi 
the Time of Tnlistment of the Soldiers who form this State's 
Quota of the Continental Army, being nearly arrived. We are 



f>F TJIK STATE OF :MAINE ITjO 

sensiltlc that to reinga^'c our 'I r(i(i]is will rc(|uir(! tlie most 
strenuous J^]ff<)i-fs, tV tliat very large Simis of Moiicv must be 
employed to eflect this great Purpose: We have therefore 
to request of Congress to pass sucli an Order as shall enable 
this Slate to retain the six iMillions of Dollars which were 
ordered to be raised in this State as a Continental Tax, untill 
such Time as the Expenditures of the Penobscot Armament 
shall be liquidated, & Congress shall order a Reimbursement 
of that Expence to be made this State. Painfull as it is, we 
are constrained to say, that unless Cougi-ess should assent 
to this Proposal it will Ik; utterly impossible for this State 
to furnish their (^)uota of the confederated Army for next 
Campaign. 

I am 

(in behalf of the State of the Massai!husetts Hay) 

with great Respect 

Your Excellency's most oV & very liblc Scrv' 

I Signature crossed out | President 
His Excellency 

John Jav 



r< III 1(1)1 of I iilidhihi Ills of l'>i<l(!(fonl niid A rinulcl. 

To the Hon'"'" Council «.V J louse of Representatives of the 
State of the Massachusetts Bay in New England in general 
Court assembled 

The Petition of a Number of Tidiabitants of a certain jilace 
in the County of "^'ork at the Head of Piddcford & Arundel 
humbly shew — that within the following Limits viz be- 
ginning at Saco liivei- and at the Northerly Corner of lli<Ide- 
ford thence liunning South West by the Head of Iliddefonl 
cV Arundel Eour Miles to the Easterly Corner of Coxhall 
then North West by Coxhall Six IMiles to the Northerlv 



IfiO POCl'MEXTAUY IIISIOK'Y 

(\)nu'r llirrt'of llicii on llir ('mirx- hi.st iiicnt ii»ia'tl 'I'wn MilcH 
then N'ortli K:is( to Sam KImt tlioii Soutlieasterly l>y said 
Ivivi'i- to llic j>Iai-f licirmi at. there are more than I'^ifly Vnu\- 
ilies who hihour iiii<h'r many I iicoii\ cnieiiees for Want of 
hein^ duly ».V U'i!;ally authorized to hiy out amend \- Repair 
sueli jtrlvate Ways as is necessary for their Henclit for Want 
of heiui; ahle to su])port a jiuhlick school & also for Want oi 
heini: al)h' in the -nine Manner to do any Thinii: foi- the Sup- 
port of ihe ruhlick Worsliip i>f (Jod 'j'o Keinidy which 
Inconvenienees cV others which miti,ht he mentioned »\: To 
promote the further settlement of the said place your Peti- 
tioners hund>ly hciJ^ llie ITonhle Court would take their Case 
(S: Circumstances into iheir ( "oiisiderat ion (.V Incorporate the 
said place into a Town with a (irani of such I'rivilidgea &« 
as are enjoyed hy other Towns in said State according to the 
Limits aforesaid or such other as the Court in their Wisd<im 
shall think proper & your Petitioners as in Duty l)ound will 
e\cr [>ray &c 
Lit lie Falls Sepf 2(»*" 1770 

dohn Smith Ile/ekiah 1 hew Adam Ross 

Gcori^^e IIooj>er Thumas ( 'In If Mnoch Parker 

Nathaniel Goodin Thomas Willson Fsaac Drew 

Zehulon Drew Thomas Goold, Da\id Kimhall 

William Wadlin Penja CJoodwin David Drew 

h'])hraim Cousin INFark Goodwin Solomon Drew 

Trustrum Hooper (ieori::e Hooper dun' CI ark Di-ew 

Samuel hill Clark M<ises Wadliii Pdward Smith 

P>enja Goodwin 'V Jedidiah Smith doseph Dyer 

Israel Wakefield Lehulon (Jordon Caleh Lock 

Daniel Ilehhend James Lord Benjamin Willson 

Jonathan Evens Samuel Lord 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 161 

To the Hon'"^ Court &c 

In addition to tlie jihove request we beg liberty to observe 
that your Honours have seen fit to require of us the present 
year the sum of nine liuudred & eiglity pounds — we readily 
acknowledge our readiness to pay the aforesaid sum, as far as 
we are able but our distance from the sea, our settlements 
new, & our soil but poor, at y^ least one half pitch-pine plain, 
& we scattered in the woods with not so much as one road 
cleared through the Town, we hope will induce the honour- 
able Court in their great Clemency, to alleviate the sum, the 
principle part of which, if insisted upon, must be paid, by 
a very small number, & by the foregoing petition Your 
honour will perceive at present we have neither Selectmen 
nor Assessors, neither is it in our power to raise the whole 
or any part of tlic aforesaid sum without the assistance of 
y® honourable Court — and our request is that this may be 
taken into (Consideration with the foregoing Petition 
Committee in behalf of the whole 

George Hupper 
John Smith 

Lebulon Gordon 
Little Falls Sep^ 2r' 1779 



To ike General Court. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber Sept 1770 
Gentlemen of the House of Representatives 

When the General Assembly had determined upon send- 
ing a Naval & Land Force to Penopscot with a view of Cap- 
tivating or Dislodging the Enemy there, The Council imme- 
diately adopted such IMeasures and Issued such orders as 

11 



162 Kocr.MK.NIAl;'* IMSIOKV 

\Uv\ Ju(li,^etl iicvcs.sarv lor carrviii^ into J^xcfUtioii such 
Kcsolutions as had hcen passed rchitiii*; to tins Matter. The 
onlcis 1 iistnictioiis \- other l'a|>i'rs iclalive to this Kxpedi- 
tioii. riic St'crrtarv will he (lircclrd to hiy hefore you — 

It would have {jjivcu us ^rt-at Pleasure to have ^Ictt you at 
this time with Congratulations upon the success of this Knter- 
prise, but we are under tlie disa<];rccahle necessity of actpiaiiit- 
insr vou llial it has indvcd ahortivc; This I'^ailure lias 
Occasioned Universal Uneasiness, and the Puhlic in <;cneral 
will Expect that a Thorough lMi(|uiry will he iiiailc into the 
Causes of it — 

By General Lovcll's Letters of the 2S"^ & 20*'' of August 
last y(»u will he Informed of the (General State of Atfairs at 
the Eastward, and of the Engagement he has made with the 
Indians there for the Estal)lishment of a Truck House on 
Kennebeck Kiver a measure which they Insisted upon as 
absolutely necessary for their sulisistancc 

We therefore recommend it to you to take effectual 
measures that an immediate Enquiry be made into the Con- 
duct as well of those who have been ordered to furnish men 
for this P^xpedition as of the officers engaged in the Service 

Wo also earnestly recommend that speedy an<l Effectual 
Provision be made for the payment of those Persons who 
have cheerfully engaged their Vessells in this Service or 
have furnished the Government witli such supplies of Pro- 
visions and other articles as were necessary for carrying on 
this Expeditio)!, as many of them Ikinc advanced to Govern- 
ment, upon this Important occasion the; most of their stock 
in Trade, it will go near to work their ruin if they are not 
reimbursed immediately, moreover the Public Credit will 
be greatly aifcctcd and Public Spirited Exertions in future 
It is to be feared will lie greatly <liscoiiraged, if there should 
be anv Dclav in this .Matter; We have directed the Board of 



OF TIIK STATE OF AfAlNP: 16 -3 

War to furnish you with an Estimate of what nuiy be duo 
to the several creditors of Government upon this Account — 

General Lovell \)\ his Letter to the Council of the 30 of 
July last having signified the necessity of his being supplied 
with some Regular Troops, no Time was lost in applying to 
Gen'l Gates for a Detachment of Men from the Continental 
Army for this purpose & ordered Col Jackson's Regiment 
consisting of four hun<lred men to march to (ien'l Lovell's 
assistance, Transports being prepared for them, they soon 
sailed from Boston to Townsend, but on their Passage meet- 
ing with Intelligence that our Army had been obliged to re- 
treat from Penobscot, they put into Portsmouth from whence 
we ordered them to Falmouth & as Col" Jackson by his letter 
dated at the last mentioned Place of the 28 of August has 
Informed us that it was prol)al)le the Enemy intended to pay 
that Town a visit we apj)rove(l of his making a stand there 
untill further orders; Since which General Gates, apprehend- 
ing the Army immediately under his Command, might soon 
be attacked has thought fit to recall Col Jackson's regiment ; 
to supply their Places we have judged it necessary to order 
the Brigadier of the County of Cumberland to detach from 
his Brigade Three hundred iMen officers included A: cause 
them to March to Falmouth & Cape Elizabeth & follow such 
orders as they may receive from the Selectmen & Committee 
of Correspondence, to Continue in the Service for the term 
of two months if not sooner discharged & to be upon such 
Establishment as the General Court shall order. This we 
Judge absolutely necessary for the defence of that Part of 
y^ Eastern Country at such a Critical time. 

Governor Trumbull having by his Letter of the 31^^ of 
August expressed his apprehensions of an immediate In- 
vasion of the State of Connecticut & desired our Aid & 
assistance in case of such an Event, we immediatelv ordered 



K'll: DOCUMENiAlJV IIISTOKY 

the Bric;a(licrs of llio Count ios of llanipsliirc iJc Berkshire to 
detach one Tliir<l of their Militia and hohl them in Readi- 
ness to March to tlie Defence of Connecticut \vliene\er (Jov"" 
'rninilMiIl sliDuld siuiiit'v tn tlieni that that Stale was Invaded, 
He also requested that we woiiM (all iipnn the County of 
Worcester & that she would sui)itlv the plac(;s of one sixth 
part of y*" ]\lilitia from the (\)untics of Hampshire & I^erk- 
shire, which we had sent to the assistanct; of that State on 
Occasion of their heini!; Invaded hy y" Enemy from New 
York in July last, hut as the General Assemhly were near 
sitting, we thought it Proper to refer these several matters 
to you accordingly now recommend them to your immediate 
attention. 

AVe have also received a Letter from the Ilon*''^ Jabez 
Bowen Esq"" Leiu* Governor of Rhode Island dated y* 4^'' 
of July last & also Three Letters from General Gates dated 
the 4. 12 & 28 of July last requesting that effectual Measures 
may be taken to forwar<l the Troops this State have Engaged 
to supply for the Defence of Rhode Island — ^'ou will find 
by these several Letters that Col" Tylers Regiment does not 
amount to more than Three hundred and twenty nine offi- 
cers Included, and it appears by a Letter from Col" Jacobs 
to Gen" Gates tliat ho has Knlisted into his Reiiinient short 
of one hundred men <S: tliat it is not in his j)ower to raise a 
Regiment on the terms lixed by this State (^' desires he may 
be discharged from the service unless some further Encou- 
ragement can be given This is a matter that requires your 
immediate attention iV we douht not yon will ado|>t some 
effectual measures to Compleat the (\»inpleiiient of men to be 
Imj)loved for the defence of that State — 

During the Recess we have likewise receive two Letters 
from the President of the Congress dated in -Inly & August 
last the former covering two Rcsobitions of that Honourable 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 1G5 

Body Informing thut our Enemies have exerted themselves 
to send a very considerable reinforcement to their Army 
now in America and that Seven Thousand men v^^ere destined 
for N'ew York from Europe & Three Thousand from the 
West Indies & Earnestly calling upon us to Prepare for the 
Most immediate & vigorous operations, 

By Governor Trumbull's Letter of the 31 of August & 
the Inclosures we have Intelligence that Admiral Arbuth- 
not is Arrived at Kew York with a large Fleet & Seven 
Thousand Men — We earnestly recommend the subject Mat- 
ter of these Letters to your immediate Consideration. The 
Enemy with this reinforcement we may rest assured will 
not remain Idle, They will be speedy & vigorous in their 
operations & there is the greatest reason to expect that this 
State & it's Capital in particular will be the object of their 
Eevenge, The Port of Boston is justly Considered as a Port 
of great Importance to the United States as well as to their 
Allies, our Enemies doubtless view it in that light & we may 
depend upon their utmost exertions to destroy it & render it 
as useless to both as possible. Upon this & other Important 
Considerations no time should be lost to procure men to sup- 
ply the places of those new Commission Officers & Privates 
in our quarter of y® Earth the Ai-my whose time of Service 
will Expire the first of January next. The Militia thro' 
the State should be in readiness to march at the shortest 
warning, our Fortresses should immediately be Carrison'd 
with a sufficient nunil)er of men & put in the best posture of 
Defence and Measures should be taken without the least 
Delay to have proper Magazeens of Provisions & Ammuni- 
tion Formed, that we may be in a Situation to give the 
Enemy a Warm Reception & Repulse if they should make 
the Attempt. — The Papers & Letters the Secretary will be 
directed to lay before you 



KW; DOCIMK.NIAKY llISToIIV 

We shall ( liuerl'iillv ('oiiciir wiili voii, ( iciiilciiicii, in these 
aiul all otlicr Areasuros that Mav lend to i>r<>iii()lc the Seciir- 
ilv\- Wrlfarc nf this A: the oIIkt I'liitcd States (»f America — 

Upon t»ur en^agin^ to .supi»lv their plaees with Militia, 
wliicli lias heen done bv ropeate<l Drafts, the Oeiieral readily 
eoinplied with this lieiiiiisitioii ^ 

Insert A Sz also to order the Driiradier of y" County of Lin- 
coln to detach fn.ni his Ilrii!ade three hundred men in 
consequence of an Application from Brit^adier Gen'l Wads- 
worth to he Stationed in such places as y" Brigadier of y' 
County of Lincoln should direct, for the defence of that part 
of the State k douht not they will meet with your approba- 
tion k that you will make such Kstal»]ishmcnts for the Several 
Detachments we have ordered to be made from the Militia 
durinjs: the recess of the Court as you may think adequate 
to their Services 



Resolve of Council. 

State of Massachusetts Bay — 

In Council Sept' 22" 1779 

Whereas it is necessary the Committee appointed to in- 
vestigate the Causes of the miscarriage of the late Expedi- 
tion to Penobscot kc should be attended with some Civil 
Officers, the better to enable them to preserve order in the 
Course of their hUisiness, and also to serve such Summons 
Order or other process as the said Committee arc inq)o\vered 
k may judge proper to issue, for the execution of their said 
Business, therefore it is 

Resolved That the Slier i IT of the County of Suffolk and 
such of his Deputies and also of the Constables of the Town 
of Boston in said Countv as the said Committee pliall direct 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 107 

& require to attend upon tliem shall and hereby are directed 
to give their attendance accordingly, and are also impowered 
& directed to Serve and execute any Summons order or other 
process which the said Committee shall issue in pursuance 
of the power & authority given them as aforesaid — And it is 
further 

Resolved that the President of the said Committee 
for the time being shall be and hereby is authorised and 
directed to administer a proper Oath to any person or per- 
sons whom the said Committee shall think fit to examine as 
a Witness or Witnesses touching the subject matter of their 
enquiry — And such Summons Order or other process which 
shall be issued by the said Committee as aforesaid shall be 
Signed by the Clerk or Clerks appointed by said Committee 
or either of them, only, and not by any member of the said 
Committee, and all [XTsons are directed to yield obedience to 
every such Summons Order or other Process on pain of im- 
prisoimient for their contempt or refusal by order of said 

Committee — 

Sent down for Concurrence 

Jn° Avery D Sec'' 

In the House of Representatives Sepf 22'^ 1779 

Read & Concurred 

Consented to by the major John Hancock Spk"" 

Part of the Council — 

True Copy 

Attest 

John Avery U Sec'' 



Letter to General Warren. 
Dear Sir 

This to Acquaint you that in our Late Alarm tlie Want 
of bread was such at falmouth that the Selectmen of Barn- 



168 DOflMKNTAKY IIISTOia' 

Stable took nine harrills <.f llnur mit ni a Vessell Ik.'vc Peter 

Brown Master and si-nt it to ralinoiith to Mr -Ia])ez Maggs 

Comissary there Who will acct for the same Nothinir hut 

necessity obliged them to <lo it ami hojx' you will make the 

matter Easey 

I am yr Humble Serv* 

Joseph Otis 
Barnstable, Sept 22" 1770 



Officers Summoned to appear hrforr Uie Coiui of TiK/iiirij. 

Viz' Gen' Lovell ]3rig^ Wadsw.u-th Adj' (Jen' Hill Col" 
Mitchell Col° M Cobb appcar'd 2" day 15rig. -Maj^ lirown 
Brig"" I^Iaj' Todd Maj"" Lithgow L' Col. Revere Col" Tyler 
Gen' Frost Gen' Thompson Gen' Gushing. 

Xavy Officers 

Capt. D. Saltonstall appear'd y' 2" day Caj) Dan' Waters 
Capt Hoysteed Hacker Capt Phillip Prown Capt Titus 
Salter Capt Thomas Thomas C'apt Alexander Ross Capt 
Xath' West Cap^ John Carnes Cap' Nathan Brown Capt 
Alex"" Holmes Capt W\\\: P>urkc Capt. John F. Williams 
Capt. Allen Hallett Capt. dohn Cathcart Capt James John- 
son eome Cap' John Edmonds, gone to Sea Lieut George 
Little Capt Dan' Souther 



Order of Council. 

State of ^lassachusetts Jiay — 

In Council September 22'' 1770 
Ordcre<l that I)oct(»r Hobart be and He hereby is directed 
to deliver to the Board of War the Remainder of a Chest of 
Medicines whieh were sent ui)on the Penobscot Expedition 



OF TIIK STATE OF MAINE 1G9 

and deposited in the Hands of the said T)r Ho])art said Board 
of War giving a Receipt for said Medicines — 

Trne Copy 
Attest 

John Avery 1) Sec^ 

Order of Council. 

In the House of Representatives Sept 17, 1779 

Ordered That M"" Tudor & Coll Dawes, with such as the 

Hon'''^ Board shall join, be a Committee to report the Draught 

of a Letter to the Hon*''^ Congress, requesting that this States 

proportion of the last Continental Tax may be retain'd in 

the Treasury of this State, towards paying the Expences 

and Losses [of] the Expedition to Penobscott 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Han('0(;k Spk"" 
In Council Sept 17 ; 1779 

Read & Concurred & Thomas Cushing Esq"" is joined — 

John Avery D Se^ 

The Committee of both Houses appointed to report the 
draft of a Letter to the Hon'''® Congress as above mentioned 
have attended the service & take leave to report the Draft of 
a Letter Accompanying this Report. 

all which is Submitted 

Thomas Cushing B order 

In Council Sep' 21' 1779 

Read & Accepted and thereupon Ordered — That the Pres- 
ident of the Council be & hereby is requested to sign Said 
Letter in the Name and behalf of the Gen' Court — 

Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery D Sec'' 



1,0 i)OCiMi:.\i-Ai;v iiisrouY 

111 llic Ildusc nf lv('i»rcsciit:itivc'S Sept 22, 1779 

lu'ail an<l ('(tiicurrcd as taken into a now draught. 
Sent up for Concurrence 

Jdlm Hancock Spk"" 
In (uuncil Sop' 22'' 177:» 

Read & C^jucurrod 

dolin Avery Se'' 



CondaJdes Summoned. 

To the Constables of the Town of Boston 

You and each of you are hereby order'd by the Com- 
mittee appointed by the General Court to investigate the 
causes of the ]\Iiscarriage of the late expedition to Penob- 
scot & ca to appear at FanucI Hall at four o'Clock this after- 
noon there to attend upon said ( 'oinniittcx!, the better to enable 
them to execute the business of their Commission — Hereof 
you are not to fail at your peril ; Witness my hand this 
twenty second day of September 1779 

Oliver Peabody 

Clerk of 

said 
Committee 
The Sheriff is hereby directed to summon 
the above mentioned Constables — Witness my hand this 
22" of September A. U. 1779 

O. Poabo.lv Cler. 
Suffolk 88 Sep^ 22"" 1779 

Agreable to the within order the following Constables of 
the Town of Boston are Summon'd to attend at time & place 
viz' Robert Wyer, John Jepson Henry Divison, Benjamin 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



171 



Clark, John Fullerton, Thomas Allen, Poole Spear, Thomas 
Green, John Kennedy & John Bennet. — 

W™ Greenleaf Sheriff 



Spear & Green attended Thursday 

Bennet & Gibson Friday 

Parks & Allen Saturday 

Bennet & Fullerton Tuesday 

Allen & Davidson Wednesday 

Allen for Wyer- Bennett — Thursday 
Soear Friday A ^f 



Itobert Wyer 
John Jepson 
ITenry Davison 
Bcnj° Clark 
John, Fullerton 
Thomas Allen 
Poole Spear 
Thomas Green 
John Kennedy 
John Bennet 



Order of Council. 

State of Mass'' Bay 

In Council Sepf 22<* 1779 

Whereas it is necessary the Committee appointed to in- 
vestigate the Causes of the miscarriage of the late Expedi- 
tion (Sic Shou'd be attended with some civil Officers, the bet- 
ter to enable them to preserve order in the course of their 
Business, and also to serve just Suinnions order or other 
process as the said Committee are impowered and may judge 
proper to issue for the execution of their said Business — 
Therefore 

It is Resolved That the Sherill" of the County of Suffolk 
& Such of his Deputies, and also of the Constables of the 
Town of Boston in said County as the said Committee shall 
direct and rec^uire to attend upon them shall and hereby are 
directed to give their attendance accordingly, and are also 



172 DOCr.MKNI'AlvY IIISToKY 

ciiiptiwi'ri'd :uul ilireetcd, to scrvi' aiul execute any suiumona 
order or other process which the said (^ommittce shall issue 
in pursuance of the rowei' ami A\itli<irity given them as 
aforesaid — And it is further Itesolved that tlie President 
of the said Comniittee f(»r the time heint^, shall 1)0 and here- 
by is authorized and directed tt» athninister proper Oatli to 
any person or persons whom the Said ("onunittce shall think 
fit to examine as a Witness or Witnesses touching the subject 
matter of their Enquiry; And such Summons, Order or 
other process which shall ho issued by the said Committee 
as aforesaid shall be signed by the Clerk or C'lerks appointed 
by said Committee or either of them, only, and not by any 
Member of the said Committee, and all persons are directed 
to yield obedience to every such Summons Order or other 
process on pain of Imprisonment for their contempt, or re- 
fusal, by order of -said Committee. 

Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery D Sec'y 
In the House of Representatives Sept. 22 1779 

Head & concurred 

John Hancock Spk"" 
Consented to 

Jere Powell B White Jn° Pitts 

A Ward A Fuller Edw" Cutts 

Sam'l Adams H Gardner N. Goodman 

Jabez Fisher Sam Niles D. Davis 

Moses Gill J Simpson F. M. Dana 

Resolve in favor of Daniel Mitchell. 

State of ^lassachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Sept' 23" 1779 
On the Memorial of Dan' Mitchel of North Yarmouth in 
the Countv of Cumberland setting forth therein that he 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 173 

entered the Sloop Defiance as a Transport Vessel in the Ex- 
pedition to Mayabagadnce by Charter party with the board 
of War that he lost his Charter party in the retreat & pray- 
ing that his interest may be secured to him — 

Resolved that the aforesaid Daniel ]\Iitehel] shall be in- 
titled to all & every article & clause set forth in the Charter 
party of the Sloop Defiance by him Signed to the board of 
War which relates to the Security of his Interest & the men 
that did belong to said Vessel, the loss of his Charter party 
notwithstanding And the board of War are hereby directed' 
to give the said Daniel ^Mitchell an Attested Copy of the 
aforesaid Charter party now in the War office — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk"" 
In Council Sepf 23'' 1779 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Sec'y 

Consented to by the Major part of the Council 

True Copy Attest John Avery L) Sec'y 



Petition of Paul Reed. 

To the Honorable the Council ^: Honorable the House of 
Representatives of the State of Massachusetts Bay 

The Memorial of Paul llcvA of lioothliay in the County 
of Lincoln Humbly Sheweth 

That on the eighth day of September instant a sloop com- 
manded by Cap* Sampson lately employed as a transport in 
the Penobscut expedition, & said to be still in the service of 
the State, sailed from Townsend bound for Poston : 

That some hours afterwards she was seen from the shore, 
chased bv one of the Encmv's cruizers, until she made a 



174 IMKIMKNIAKY IIISIOIIY 

harlM»nr in a small (•()\c on capo tia \va^i:;an where she was 
run airronnd, deserted liv the crew, iV taken otT hv the enemy. 

'riiat your Mcniorialist, ])ci-fci\ iui,^ that the party of the 
I'eiiohscnt troops stationed at Townscnd, \' which had hecn 
out in hoats in order to relieve her, had j^ivcn over the pur- 
Fuit (S: rcturne<l, applied to the otKeer of the day for one boat 
iV a party to dofi the vessels until tliey slioidd leave the land; 
hut t'aiiin:;- of ohtaininu; his i-e(|ncst, he with three others, 
took a hoat of his own cV procee<h'i| after them as far as the 
mouth of Kennehcc river, where the enemy innnediately set 
fire to the said sloop, <t staid hy her till the Hames had pre- 
vailed so far that it was impossible to lx>ard her. 

That as soon as the enemy had (initled her, your Memorial- 
ist took her in tow & <:ot lier to the shore; but it bein«^ low 
water the utmost endeavours of your ^Icm"^^ with ten men 
whom he hired for his assistanee eould not drag her far 
enonuh out of the tides way till her mast, lx)wsplit &c fell 
in, cV all the ii-oii in i.V aliout her stei-n fell otf & was lost; 

That your >Mem"'\ with a number of men, eontinucd their 
exertions for three days to save all they could, and so far 
succeeded as to bring oiT a quantity of rigging burnt off to llie 
middle, and a few hundreds weight of iron; all which your 
^fem"^^ has stored in safe custody== 

That as considerable expence has accrued to your Mem"'* 
in this business, and he stands in need of the money, he 
would have proceeded to make sale of the clfects to defrey 
tlie same but when he considered the said sloop as the prop- 
erty (tf the State, he thought it his duty to leave it untouched 
until tirst he had laid the whole matter before your lion"''" 
Court 

Your .Memorialist therefore j)rays your honors to take 
the matter into consideration ami give directions respecting 
the disposal of the articles alM)vc meiitioneil. (.V the defreying 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 175 

the expences of your Mem"'^' about them as to your Honors 
in your wisdom shall appear meet and Mem"'" as in 
duty bound Shall ever pray 

Paul Reed 
Boothbay Sep' 23'' 1779 



Petition of Joshua Davis. 

To the Hon"'® Coiuk-II & House of Representatives of the 
State of Massachusetts Bay 

the Petition of Joshua Davis linni1)ly shcwith 
that your Petitioner having been appointed Agent of 
Transports & C^ommander of Boats on the late unfortunate 
Expedition to Penobscot having but lately returned & is 
directed by the lion'''" P>oard ^^'i War to make return of the 
Transports, And your Petitioner having comply'd with said 
Order as far as he is able untill your hon" shall determine at 
what time their Men employ'd in said Transports shall be 
discharged And as the destruction of said Transports hap- 
pen'd on .the fourteenth of Aug' last ^: the hands cast on a 
desolate shore And your Petitioner begs leave to sugcst 
whether some allowance ought not to bo made to carry 
them to their several homes — And as tlu; whole oi the Ivx- 
pence of the Transports &c are to be made out in this return 
Would also petition your lion" to determine what \\'ages lie 
& his Assistant may be Allowed And it" the Cliarter Parties 
of s*" Vessells do not determine with regard to their hire, beg 
your Hon""" to consider that Also 

And y Petitioner as in duty bound Shall pray 

Joshua Davis 

Boston 23" Sept^ 1770 



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oi'- 'rm; state of maine 177 

Allan to Poivnal. 

Mechias, Sept^ 24'" 1779 
Sir I had the Honour of Writing you the 10"" Instant by 
Cap" Jolm Somes of Cape Ann Inclosing a Number of 
Papers — 

I inform'd the Hono"'" Board, at the same time of my 
Demanding of the Commanding Officer of ^lilitia, tliirty 
Seven of the Train Bands for Garrison Duty, Intending to 
Errect a Small Fortification, Round the Block House, for 
the protection of the Public Property, & Security of this 
post & of the District, Having Pec'' Inteligence that the 
Enemy Intended Surprizing the Settlements on this Piver 
by Scouting Partys — 

I cannot but in rlustice to (\)P Foster, Ac([uaint the 
Hono'''^ Board, That Ik; Exerted himself as a Good Soldier 
& as a person Actuated from a Real Principle of Defending 
the Libertys of his Country — But the Unhappy Feuds & 
Broils so predominant in these Eastern parts — & the Spirit 
of Envey & Malice so prevalent — that He has not had it in 
his power to Accomplish the request — 

From what Certain principle or iMotive, OccatiouM an 
Opposition to this Affair, I Cannot, nor woud it be prudent 
for me to Give my Oppinion to Assertain, l-iut a T^ifficulty 
arrises that I was an Utter Stranger to, Some jiersons of 
public Charrector Asserted that there was No Authority for 
Calling in the Militia for Such Business. & Propagated it 
was an Infringment Upon the peoples rights this took Effect 
& the Greatest part Ordcrd, woud not Give their Attendence 
& most of them that did thought themselves Under No Com- 
mand & woud Come & Go as they pleased, Tho at the Same 
time Received provisions from the Stores — 

12 



178 i)()iuMi;.N TAi;'* iiisi(»i;v 

1 saw a Siorm anisiiiu' \- that l)i\isi(>ii i^' Confusion 
Aniouiiir the in-njik' \V(tU(l Ke the Consequence — Being by 
llic Success of tlic Miu'inv at Pcnoliscut Lost of from the 
other parts of tlic IStatc Siirrouuded \)\ Foreign Eneniys 
Outward »& Internal ones within, not Strength Sufficient for 
Common duty. No Chance to Gete Immediate Intel igence 
westward. \' s])ies from the JMiemy Continually thro the 
('(Hiiitry. .Made it Xecessai'v to Conduct All'airs with more 
Delicasy and Pi-udencc than was Consistant with my Ahil- 
itys, as the people in Generall \'iew'd themselves in a 
Desperate Situation, By the Late Expedition & the neces- 
sity of Attending to their Domestic Affairs for the Support 
of their Famelys — 

I waited upon the Committee & Wrote several times, also 
the Officers of Militia & Majestraits, perticularly Those 
wdiome I supposed the most zealious in Opposition, Earnest- 
ly Entreated to Act witli Moderation d^ that all these disputes 
& punctilios of Law IMight he Laid Aside for the present & 
Disputed Hereafter, Promising that on ]\Iy part woud Arrest 
Any Officer or Soldier who should presume to lufring upon 
the Least Constitutional right — 

The Committee & some others Exerted Themselves, and 
Geueraly promised their Endeavours to Assist in Fortifying, 
as every One Allowd the necessity of having it done — But 
the Flame had taken such root, that it appeared almost Ira- 
posible to smoother it — Agrevated Circumstances took place 
to Initale, 1 iiijoyud on those under my (Command to Keep 
at a Distance & not Give Cause of Otfence By Interfering 
in the Dispute — 

A Simi)le Crcdclious Man Apjjcard l>y his Conduct, to he a 
Tool to push on the ilifficulty, after he had lieccivcd his 
Bations, Came in An Insulting j\lanner to the Works in the 
Evening, & Acquainted the officer, lie woud do no more & 



OF TIIK STATK OF MAI.NE 170 

Dispised the Authority who Commanded him there, His 
delivering it in a Manaceing Manner & in presence of Those 
in the Continental Service, as well as Others, The Officer 
Immediately Confined him — Early the next Morning a 
Gentleman of the District Came to my Quarters, Acquainted 
me that the Inhabitants were Insulted by the Military & 
their Rights & Libertys attacked in a most Violent Manner 
— After Some Conversation, Mutual Promises — was given, 
that every step should be taken to prevent Confusion, — 

What was done in the Whole Alfair from the first Appli- 
cation for Militia to the Decision of the Tryall, I have taken 
the Liberty to Inclose for their Honours Satisfaction, Only 
it may be Observed that I was difiident About Ordering this 
— Man to Triall, till it appeard at the Court of Inquiry 
he was hired By Another tliat was drafted — 

However I am at a Loss About the propriety or Impro- 
priety of this ]\1 alter from the Arguments Used by some Men 
whome I presume is Acquainted as I have Not J>efore heard 
of the Like, Nor did it ever Enter my Mind, But that the 
Militia might be Call'd, in on such an Occation to make 
preparation the same as if Actualy Attacked — 

If I have done Wrong in the Affair, I shall freely sub- 
mitt to what may Be laid on Me, Being Clear in my Con- 
science That I Acted from a principle that I thought Lawful!, 
& the Necessity there was for the Security of the public 
Property & the Country — 

I have Taken the More Liberty in Mentioning Tliis, 
Thinking it my Duty, in Order that Some Instructions or 
Orders may be Given, How such matters should be Con- 
ducted to prevent Worse C^onsiquenees for the future. That 
if not Intended to Call in the Militia, that no Dependence 
be put Upon it, for This vcrry Affair, Has Extended the 
Clamour everv where to the Eastward of Penobscut, *fc am 



ISO DOCUMEN lAKV lllSTOUY 

C'oiivic'iu'ol \V(»rtli Id tlio KiK'iiiy as iniu-li its a reinforcement 
of 50(» men — 

Sin<-e the Ali(>\-e. I liave 15een Aiiioiinii; people & Wrote 
find they are willing to Lend a Hand & Upon the whole those 
who are in opposition Seems | V>y the peoples Conduct now | 
to be Ashamed of what they have done — 

1 have had Al)i)nt Sixiccn in (iencral lA' the Mililia, which 
with the \\'hole in ilic Service Includiui;- Officers, I have 
Keept Constantly at Worck, & Expect by the 1"' of Octob' 
to Compleat a Verry Usefnll & Good Fort for the Bigness, 
which I have to ]\Ian it, A plan of Which I Herewith Trans- 
mitt — It Commands the Whole of the Stores & Settlement 
& about 272 miles down the Kiver, & flatter myself nnich, 
That it will be An Advantage Strong, Consise & Cheap as 
any in America for the Intent — 

I Rec** Inteligence a few days ago fiom Cap" Preble at 
Frenchmans Bay That tlie Tcnnr of the Indians »fc the 
proclamation I Issued, had deterd the Inhabitants of Union 
Eiver & some other places from Joyning with the Britons 
and that there was Ko Appearence of Danger, Was Going 
to see the Commanding Officer at Camden — I Ordered him 
to Inform the Honob''' Board of the State of Matters that 
way — 

I still Continue Under Great Trouble & Apprehensions, 
of the Toloration Given to Come & Go, to Passamaquody — 
the Libertys Taken is Great & Appears more dangerous than 
if Permitted to go into tlie Heart of Nova Scotia — the 
Civil Authority Looks Upon it Here, That as there Has Been 
Clearencess from the Westward to that Place, No Body 
Ought to be stoped, By Which an Open Intercourse is Kept 
up with the Enemy, & the Indolent part of the Inhabitants, 
who pleads Poverty for the Liberty Does as they Please, & 
!Manny in Good Circumstances Keeps it Up and Imports 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 181 

Goods that way in A Secrete Manner, & Lumber is Gote 
Boath Here and There By this Toloration, which Always 
Goes to the Enemy — Several Famelys & others By this 
Has Gote into Nova Scotia — And Upon the Whole by the 
Profits arising to a Number of Persons, There is Verry few 
who will assist in Detecting, & Keeps it so Secrete that I 
Seldom Here, & No time Authintic to Bring them to Justice 
— I have often IMentioned the Advantage, the Fishery of 
that place woud be to the States, But Absolutly Necessary it 
shoud be Under Suitable Restrictions — 

The Indians precieving this, are ditermind to Improve 
thier Time & Declare, that Either they will Trade with the 
Britons who has things Cheaper or Sieze The property of 
such who does it, they have taken Several Things from 
People, Amoung them a Sloop of One Cap*^ Littlefield, whoes 
property I Understand is Owned partly in the States, He 
Professes Great Attachment to the States, & that He Only 
wants to Gete his Effects from Nova Scotia, But this is the 
Case he Always Carrys a Load of Lumber away which he 
allways Protests is taken, However he Gets a good price, at 
the English Ports for his Lumber & Returns safe with his 
Yessell & Cargo, Greatest part of Which he land in Nova 
Scotia, But he Generally so Manages it, That no Evidence 
Can be Gote Tho I am as Clear in it as any Matter what- 
ever — 

I now permit him as his own request & By this Opper- 
tunity I Under Bonds | to go to Boston to pursue some per- 
sons, who Lately Came to Passamaquody & took a Great 
Quantity of Goods Belonging to several persons The Impro- 
priety of Such Conduct & his Earnest Solicitations for Jus- 
tice Induced me to Give him this Priviledge, No doubt he 
will sue for Licence to pursue his Intentions of Geting his 
property from Nova Scotia, But I trust Suteable Care will 



182 I)(»(IM KN'IAKV IIISl'OI.'Y • 

be taken of All Such, wiio Cares fur nothing Hut Self <\: not 
the Pnlilic Honour c^' safety — the Reason of my Appre- 
heudini: him. was that the Master of his Vessell was sent 
here l)v liini 15eing snspicious of his Intentions, I Detaind 
him Bnt in the Night went of, with the XeshNjUowoit Boat 
taking Along with him, the Boatswain of the llowe Sloop, A 
Spy, one diserter «& 2 liands, to Nova Scotia, in Consiquence 
Sent a party of liulians \' Seize<l Mr hittk'lii'hl, C'onsigning 
him to the Committee of Boston — 

Inclosed You will find a Return of the Indians, those in 
Actual Service in which Are not Included the Penobscuts 
or those on the River St Johns Nor that Are More than one 
days Travel in the Lakes, [ am some what More Happy with 
them at present than for some time past, Expect a General 
Conference, in a few days, from St Johns River k Mick- 
mack Country — 

I forffote in mv Last to Mcntiun to the Ilono''''' Board, 
that 2 Indians supposed the most Zealious for the British 
Cause, Whome M"" Burk the Priest dilivercd a Packett to, for 
Gen' McLean from the Governor of Nova Scotia & the Com- 
manding Officer at St Johns Fort, Giving each Forty Mill 
Dollars, 

but Instead of taking them to ^Fajabigawaduce, Brought 
them to me It Being Not of Much Consiquence & the State 
of the Expedition there taken place, I thot it not wortli While 
to Trouble the Ilono""' Board With — 

Within these 'J'en days 1 liave Received two Messages 
from the Penobskuts Indians signifying their attachment to 
the States, But find them very much Divided Amoung them- 
selves, I have supply d them with upwards of Two Thousand 
Dollars since last spring. But They are become so degenerate 
that Goes for lium, which still takes place thro the Country, 
as usual notwithstanding the Exertions to prevent — 



OK THE STATE OF MAINE 183 

I have to acquaint the Hono''''' Board, that I Received In- 
teligence from Canada by two Trusty Indians that there was 
Nothing of Consiquence Sturing for some time till the 
Arrival of Two ships of Force & a Number of Transports 
with Provisions, a Bustel & Stur was Made, But were In- 
tended no One Know'd, Nor was Xever in General permited 
to be Probagated, all the Indians Verry Zealious for the 
United States as well as Most of the Canadians — 

In my Last I wrote perticularly about the prize Brig. 
Alice, But On Examining the Copy, it is probable the Hon'*'* 
Board may not Compreh'' the Whole, the Extra Butter Men- 
tioned is only Deposited here for the owners as a place of 
Safety, the Other provisions was secured for the Use of the 
States on prcsumtion that it might be wanted against the 
Enemy at Penobscut Xot Meaning it was all Wanted, solely 
for this perticular Department — 

I send here Inclosed A General State of the Troops, 
Wherein it now Appears, there is a Superfluous Xumber of 
Officers, according to the Number of Men, I have ever Been 
Cautious of this. But the present Exegencys require it, I 
have verry often Volunteers & people that comes into the 
Worcks which Requires Some to Command, Also find it of 
Great Utility in sending often Amoung the Inhabitants thro 
the Country with Inteligence & Encouragement W^hich Being 
done by a person of Some Ranque has a Much Greater Effect 
Upon the people — & tlio there is Not Men Constantly with 
Us in Garrison, the Officers has as Much as they Can do, In 
pursuing this Business, which Occations Life & a Stur, thro 
the Country & Keeps the Enemy from Realy Knowing our 
situation — the Surgeon, Quarter Master & other Staff Offi- 
cers — I cannot do without, tho there is No provision ]\rade 
for that purpose by the Court — have Promised the Surgeon 
as Last Year, If I have done Wrong, Necessity has Compell'd 



184 iK)cr.\iKNiAi;Y iiisioia' 

nic to jir('s('r\ (' the jjiililic Iiiicrcst, tdr I Xever Can par- 
ticiilarlv Hear uhal I am to do or llnw Matters are (loing 
or what is I ntcndiMl, iho I jtiirsue every posihle Metlio(l in 
My jiowcr to Keep Intelijj;cuce — the llono'"'" Board will see 
how 1 liave IStuted Afatters — & Kefere it to their approl)a- 
tiou Or Order to the Contrary — 

Scpf 28"* Having Inteligence of Our Troops Eastward 
heing Dishanded And a Reinforcement to the Enemy at 
Penobscut, prevents my Letters Going hy tlu; Opportunity 
first Intended — A Schooner Arrived this day in the River 
from Georges, having Orderd her to be Inspected, find no 
papers «^ from the Beheavour »St Conduct of those On Board, 
Suppose they have ran away with h(;r Intending for Nova 
Scotia have delivered her to the Navel Officer — Two 
diserters Came from S' Johns, firing no Inteligeuce, only 
the Strength of the Garrison 97 Including Officers & all in 
the Service — 

The Fort goes on Smartly, P>ut no I'^irther Assistance from 
the Inhabitants Inclosed in the Last Letter I sent the Com- 
mittee. ]\laj est raits and Militia Officers — 

I Expect every Hour to hear of the Enemys Being in the 
River & partys By Land, Our Situation is Alarming & dan- 
gerous & no prospect of succeeding in Defending the Country 
without a Reinforcement from the Westward which I 
Earnestly Recommend k Solicite without Loss of time — 

Every Possible Measure Shall be followd to Defend to the 
Last & I Rely that a Kind Providence will so far smile & 
Influence all in the Service, That if we are Compell'd to 
Give up the Country, it will not l)e to the Dishonour of 
Ajtnerica — 

This Goes by A French Gentleman Who I send Express 
to Mons"" Valnais, Upon Some Business of Importance, Which 
Respects Boath Nations & What (if it had succeeded) would 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 1S5 

have Been the Means of Overthrowing All that has Ben done 
this way — As I trust it as Gote to A Conclusion & iSTo 
Evils taken place & may 1)0 Better prevented by Mons"" Val- 
nais for the future I shall not Trouhle the Hon'''* Board 
with the perticulars — 

there Must be a Quantity of Powder sent, as three days 
Fireing with the Cannon woud Exhaust the Whole 

September 28'** This Minute rec"* Intel igence by two In- 
dians, the perticulars of Which is in Hand Bills sent West- 
ward, a Coppy I here Inclose — 

Three Oclock P- M- Just reciev'' a string of Wampum 
from the Indians Assembl** at S' Johns, By a French Gentle- 
man whome I sent a few day, ago to the Indians at Passama- 
quody; The Inteligence Corroborates with The former, with 
the Addition they are Assembled there with one Heart & 
One hand — Their Hearts is Sick for Loss of Blood at 
Penobscut & nothing done. Also for the Indians Kill'd By 
the English, — Are anxious for War & oidy wait to be 
orderd — 

When I Can Gete Forty Men for the Forte here shall sett 
out to see Them — 

I am with all Possible Respect Your Honours 

Most Obed' very hble Sv* 

J Allan 
To The Ilonble «Teremiah Powell Esq"" 

Duplicate 



Gen' LovelVs Defence. 
Sep^ 22" 

A Copy of the orders of General Lovell being read to 
him he acknowledged he had rec*' such from the Council — 



18G IKM IMI NIAKV IllSlCtUV 
( icil' l.dNcH's (Irfl'IlcO 

rpiiii iii\' :irriv;il ;it 'rowiisciiil (Hi llic J T' -lulv I f()\iM(l 
lilt' miiiilicr of the Tr("p|is then (Icticiciil — there Itciiii; 

hut iS7'*5 cireclixi' rank \- lilc as hv iclurns Xo 1. Not- 

withstiiiuliniz; I t'()nchi<leil to 1:0 on to I'cnoljscot, first giv- 
ing tlie Brigadiers intelligence (tt" tlie defceiency & 
requesting them to eompleat the nunihers onler'd hy the 
(ieii' ('oiirt, \r semi llicin ti>f\\ar<l in Transports — or in 
any other way more expeilitious — 

The 24"' sailed from Townsend & arrived at Penobscot 
on the 2r»"' on the 2G"' took possesion of Banks's Island — 
On the 2.s"' we effected Our landing on the heights in the 
Morning, ahout two hours after, to wit alwut Seven 
O'clock we reconoitred i^ found the Enemy had erected 
their main Fort fnmi whicli y'^y fir'd in Barbette & had 
mounted two Cannon the one a 12 and the other a six 
pounder, we could only discover tlie heads of the Men with 
Musketr'y in the Battery — And it appear'd that the 
enemy had closed their Lines in began their Frize work 
upon the Rampart — The Number of Men return'd to me 
on my arrival at Bagodoose is contain'd in the return N° 
2- The Marines that assisted in landing upon the Penin- 
sula r suppose consisted of 150 Men — If I had judged 
it prudent to attack the enemy's Works, then supposed the 
^larines then on shore would have assisted in the attack — 
I collected the account of the enemies force from the 
Prisoners we took at our landing — they generally agreed 
they were about 1000 some more, none less. Upon this, 
I order'd lines to be thrown for our defence in case of an 
attack I think there was a rational probability of suc- 
cess if the navy had co-opperate<l with me after I had 
taken possession of the Heights at M. Bagadoose — by the 
Navy's co-opperating I mean their attacking the Ship*^ 



OF THE STATK OF MAINE 187 

there was nothing to prevent this, l)ut a Battery of 3.6 
pounders, near tlie \Vat(!i'\s Edge unless they could he 
annoy'd from the main I'oi-r wliicli was at Yz ''^ Miles dis- 
tance, from the Shore cV iiKniiitcd 1.12 poun<lers, & some 
6' pounders 
Q Did you re(|uest the Xaval Commaiur to co-opperate 
with you at the time you effected your hiiiding, or during 
that Day or any time after — Ans"" 1 did not at the time 
of my landing or during that day — except to furnish the 
Marines — 

Thursday Morn^ Sepf 25 

Present Ocn' Ward F. Dana Esq"" T Danielson Esq"" 
Gen' Titcomh J Prescot Esq"" Gen' Farley Col° Little 
8am' Osgood Esq"" — 

On the 30 Cap' Saltonstall said it was a proposal of his 
Captain's to go in & attack the enemy's Ships on tliat day 
Cap* Saltonstall said in y' Case he must take all the 
Marines from on shore for that purpose, to w*^ I ohjected 
because I had not got my Cannon mounted in my ad- 
vanced Battery which was incompleat — that y" enemy 
might land from yr Ships if they were attacked & attack 
me with their whole force in which case I would he in 
Danger of loosing my Cannon, or being totally defeated 

On the 31''' I inform'd Cap' Saltonstall that I was 
ready for his Ship*' to opperate, Cap' Saltons" then pointed 
out the 3 Gun Battery as an obstacle, Upon which I gave 
directions to have the battery stormed which was effected 
about 2 o'clock the next ^Morn^ viz, Aug''' P" which re- 
mov'd the obstacle — This Ihittery mounted 3 G pounders 
only at y' time 

On the same day a severe Storm prevented further 
opperations — 



188 DOCfMKNTAliV llisr(il;v 

riio Kxaiuinatioii oi" Clen' Lovi-ll was \va\('(l to cxaitiine 

tlio follow*'' Witnosscs 

Tlic l'',Naiiiiiiatioti nt" Cap' \atli" West mi Oath late 
< 'uiiiiiiaiid'" ot the Ship l! I'imiicc 

< )ii the .')<»"' A ('(iiiiiccl was hold oil l>oard the Ships, I 
am uiHcrtaiii whether the Land Olticers attended — At 
which ('oinicel it was detcnninod the Ships sliould attack, 
jtrovitled the land Ai-ni\- would take possession of the 
(iround east of the Kneniv's Main I'ort towards their Ship*^ 
— Capt West declines giving a further account, saying he 
can give no (jther account yn is (;ontaiu'd in tlie several 
Councils of War — Cap^ Nathan firown Commander of 
the Hunter's examination (Ui Oath 

On or ah(nit 10/'' or l."*/'' day, after landing a Council 
of War was callM on hoard the Ship Warren at which it 
was determined to attack the enemy's Ship^' provided the 
Gen' would take a post East of the enemy's Main work 
(i: towards the euemys Ship''' to cut off the communication 
between the enemy's Ship^ & fort, to prevent the Sailors 
landing & joining the fort — before the Ships had began 
to move, I understood the Gen' had sent word y' he could 
not take possession of y^ Ground — which prevented our 
movem^ 

(} What obstacles had your Ship^ to encounter provided you 
made the attack; except^' the fire of the Ship^? 

Ans"" The Guns from their Main Fort, which I suppose 
was 1/. a Miles distaiue from the Shore, the w' of yr 
INfettle we supposed .\2 j)oun<lers. The Hulks of Our 
Ship*' would not liave been exposed to tlie fire of y' Fort 
at the time we should be actually engaged with y* Ship^ 

Q. — Whether the enemys Ship''' could not have been de- 
stroy'd, provided the Gen' ha<l not taken post as afore- 
said i — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE ISO 

Ans"" In my opinion tlicy coulfl — 

Qnes° Why was tlie attack not made? 

Ans"" My Opinion was y' our Ship*^ wonlcl rcoccvc more 
damage in the attack, than we could reap bcnctit by the 
destruction of y^ enemies Ship^ — The (Umnige we sliould 
have receev'd would have been mostly from the Fort, as 
it is probable the enemies Ship" would not have fired more 
yn once or twice — 

Q Were any measures preconcerted by a C\nincil of war 
in case of the arrival of a reinforcement to the enemy ? 

Ans"" None, that I know of — 

Upon the appearance of the reinforcem' of the enemy 
— a Council of War was call'd at which it was determiu'd 
that the whole fleet should move up Penobscot River, — 
Accordingly the signal was given on the next Morn^ 

The Examination of (^ap' John Carnes Comm;in(r of 
the Ship Hector 

From the time we arrived 'till the enemy's reinforcem' 
appear'd in sight our Ships lay almost inactive — It is my 
opinion that our Navy might have destroy'd the Enemy's 
fleet at any time before the arrival of yr reinforcem' — 
but this would have been at a great risk from the fire of 
the Main fort, for we should have been exposed to it in 
going up; in lying there; & on our return- — about 4 or 5 
days Ixjfore the enemys reinforcem' arrived we discovered 
there was a depth of water above, where we might lay 
without danger of the fire from the enemy's fort — after 
y*" discovery it was determiu'd in Council to attack the 
Enemy's Ship^' provided Gen' Lovell would take post so 
as to cut off the Communication between the enemies 
Ship^ & Fort — 



IM) i)()crM i:.N rAi;v iiisiokv 

It iH'iiii;- :it"l('r\v;ii'il (IcU'i'iiiin'il tluit that post cduld not 
lie taken, the attack was laid asuk; — if was afterwards 
dctcniiiird ill a <"(miicil of the Navel OtKcors not to make 
tlie attack unless the land army woidd take the said Post 
= 1 do not think it was advisalde for the Ship*^ to make 
the attack unless the Gen' would take tlic Post aforesaid, 
— liiil in niv Opinion we cdiild iiaxc iioiie ii]), cari'ieil the 
Shij)*", (Jc lav secure tVdiii ihe lire <>{' the eneinv's lort, Imt 
(Hit station woiiM have hecn more daniicrons than the old 
one, provided a reinforcem' had arrived — 

Upon the appearance of the Enemy's rcinforern' a signal 
was iii\en hv y*" Com'" for the Cap"" to come on hoard of 
his Ship--! went with niy hoat uiuler his Stern & rec"* 
orders to heat down towards the enemy — which I did, — 
the Wind dying away, the tide carried the fleet up the 
ri\('r, where we came to Anchor & lay 'till the next morn'' 
The next forenoon we weighed Anchor cV went nj) the 
Kivcr ha\ ing rec'" intelligence that the enemy were superior 
in force — Had orders heen given on the first appear- 
ance of the enemy's reinforcem^ the whole fleet might 
have gone up the river unmolested hy the enemy in yr 
passage — 1 don't know that any orders were given for 
burning our Fleet — I hnriit my own Ship without — 
There were no measures prcconcerte(l l»y the Xavy, in Case 
the enemy's reinforcement should arrive 

Friday ^forn*^ 

Present (Jen' Ward (Jen' Titcomh d. Prescot Esq*" 
T Dauielsou Esq' G. Farley Col" Little 

The Comittee desir'd the Officers who were summon'd 
to appear, to make their Depositions 

The Committee now return to the Kxaniination of Gen' 
Lovell — 



OF THE STATK OF MAIXK 191 

Aug^' 2" When we had reduced the Battery we could not 
secure our Men from y" Enemy's Main Fort & Ship^ 
I requested Com" Saltonstall to destroy the Ship^' he asked 
me if he destroy'd the enemy's Ships whether I could 
storm the Enemy's INfain Fort. I told him I could not 
with my land forces only, — But it would put me in a 
situation to take post in yr rear & sweep all their stock of 
Cattle from ym. He then replied, his Ships might suffer, 
& as that was no place for refitting, he might fall a sacri- 
fice in case a rcenforcm' should arrive to the enemy Upon 
which Brig"" Wadsworth went upon the Main land to 
Recon*''*' for a proper place to annoy y" Ship.*'' He re- 
turn'd & inform'd me he had found a place near Wescott's 
Point from w** the Enemy's Ship*^ might he aimoyed. & 
their Foraging parties prevented from Scouting out upon 
y* quarter — On the -S'^ a party on Fatigue were order'd 
for the purpose of geting up the Cannon die errecting 

works 

On the 4"' The Battery was open'd ag"*' the enemy's Ship^ 
but it did not fully answer the intended purpose — finding 
by this days experience it <lid not do them any great dam- 
age On the 5"" I wrote the Com" a Letter — Letter A — 
in the Case — We continued our fire from both Batteries 
both day Night with Shot & Shells — On the G"> The Com" 
call'd a Coimcil of War on board the Warran a result of 
which & his answer to my Letter of y" y"" are in the Case 
N° 1 — In Consequence of which I call'd a Council of 
War a result of which is in the Case — N" 2. & at the same 
time sent a Letter to the Com", a Copy of which is in the 
Case N° 3. A Committee viz Gen' Wadsworth, Col° 
Mitchel & L^ Col" Kevere at the same time being sent to 
confer with the Com" carrying the aforesaid Letter N° 3 
as aforesaid — sign'd by me, the result of which conference 



11>2 DOCUMENTAIIY IIISIOU'Y 

is ill tlic ease N" 4 — On tlu> 7"' l'>_v tlio returns of this 
(l:iv there aj)]>e;ii-"il to he fit lor thity rank anil tik^ 715 — 
tlie retnrn is in the ( 'ase X" 4 — I am (hiily expect" 
Col" Allen with his Indians, \' a delaehm' from Col" Forler 
whieh I ordcrM hcfore I left Townscnd, this day a Council 
of War was licld on hoaitj the Hazard — a result of which 
is in the (/"ase N" T) — This dav 1 nnnk' an attempt to 
draw the enemy out which succeeth-d, hut we gained little 
advantai;;e, as my OHicers weic unahle to Command their 
Mcu — Aug'^ 8"' This day heing very stormy danuiged 
Our Amnnition very much We came to a deter- 
mination to throw u]i a l>atterv on the ^Main hand. <>n the 
8. East side of M. Bagadoose — that heing tlie only means 
left of destroying the Ship*^ hy the land force in my opin- 
ion — 9"' We continued (»ur tire u})on their Main Fortress 
& Ship'^— 10^" Rec" a Letter from (^apV Hacker a Copy 
of which is in the case N" T). Upon receit of which letter 
I cali'd a council of war a result of which is in the Case 
N" 7 — 11"" Tn ConstHpiencc of a Council of War held 
yesterday the determination of which was to take 
possession of the ground 



Report in favor Col. Thoinas. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives 

Sep' 24 1779 

The Committee ai)pointed to (^onsider wliat Steps are 
proper to he taken, on the letter rec'' from Brig"" General 
Cushing, representing that Coll" Waterman Thomas has ad- 
vanced large sums of Money to procure Provisions &c for 
the troops at the Eastward «!v' the Necessity there is of Sup- 



OF TIIK STATE OF MAINE 193 

plying him with Money to procure Provisions for tlie Sol- 
diers, now doing duty at Cambdcn, & also that he be Supplyed 
with a quantity of Bread & Rum for S'' Troops, l)eg leave 
to Report by Way of Resolve — 

Resolved, that there be paid out of the public Treasury of 
this State to Coll" Waterman Thomas the sum of four Thou- 
sand pounds, he giving his rec', to 1)C accountal)le to the State 
for the Same 

Also Resolved that the Commissary General be, & he is 
hereby directe<l to deliver to S*^ Coll° Thomas on his order, 
fifteen Thousand W' of Rrcad & oiu; hundred & Twenty Gal- 
lons N. E Rum for the Use of the Troops now doing duty at 
Cambden, he to be accountable for the Same — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Sj)!:"" 
In Council Septemb. 24'" 1779 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery 1) Secy. 
Consented to 

Jere Powell Moses Gill ^ Pi-cscott 

A Ward T. Danielson Sam Niles 

T. Gushing 15. White Jn" Pitts 

Sam' Adams Josiah Stone T). Davis 

J Fisher A. Fuller N. Goodman 

Warrant drawn 2.5"' inst. 

Council Chamber Sept 25, 177!) 
Ordered -that the Commanding Officer at the Castle be and 
he hereby is directed to permit the Scir Hannah a Cartel 
lately arrived from Majorbagadoose with sick ».V woundi'd 
Men Joseph Harding Master to pass the Castle & proceed on 
his voyage to Penobscot. 

Attest John Avery D Scc'y. 

13 



194 DOCUMl•;^■■I'Al;^ imskikv 

l'jh[>hnhl IhiicHcr Id ('oiincil. 

Boston Sop' 25- 1770 

(Jciilli'liirli 

I l)(\i; leave to intm-iii voiir llmiiirs 'I'lial \\\v Militia at 
Camden, arc entirely destitute, ot" a Surgeon, Medicine, or 
a ll(is|»ital. nor none to he procured in that place 
1 am with the greatest 
respect, Y"" Honors 

Obedient Ser' 
Elipliah't Dnwiier Surg^ 

Tn CWncil Sep' 25'" 177!) 
Read &' Sent down 

John Avery 1) Secy 



Resolve of (Icncnil (Umii. 

State of ^Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives 

Sept' 25 1779 

Whereas the Town nf l-'ahiumth ami the Shores adjacent 
on the Vineyard Sound are greatly exposed to the ravages of 
the Enemy's Fleet of Armed Vessels now in P. Sound, and 
it hath heen represented to this Court that some of the Al ilitia 
ill the Towns a<ljaceiit liavg i-et'iised oi" neglected to comply 
with ihcii- l>iity when ( )r(lei-cil to the s'' Town of Falmouth 
as (iuard to S'' Shores — and it appeai'iiig necessity that 
sufficient (Juard should he kc})t at Falmouth during s*" Con- 
tinuance of P. Fleet in the Sound. Therefore 

Resolved that the Brigadier of s'' County of Barnstable bo 
k hereby is forthwith directed to detach or Cause to be de- 
tach'd from the .Militia in the s*" County (excluding the 



OF thp: state of maine 195 

towns of Fiiliiioutli Wellfleet Truro & Provinoetown) sixty 
eight al^lc Jjoclicd men to ])e detachM citlicr from the train- 
ing Band or Alarm List immediately) and (^ause them to 
march inmiediately to Falmouth as ord'd then to do duty 
for the Term of one month unless sooner discharged. And 
also to detach from the militia as ord'd one Captain and two 
Lieutenants to Command them. 

Resolved that in case any Officer shall receive or neglect 
for the space of eight & forty Hours after receiving orders 
therefor, to detach s'^ men retpiired of him to detach and to 
make returns thereof to the Lrigadier afores'^ He shall for- 
feit and pay a Fine of Thirty Pounds — to be recovered by 
Action of Debt in any Court proper to try the same by any 
person who shall prosecute or sue for s** sum one third of s^ 
Fine to be to s*' use of the })rosecutor, who if judgment is 
given against s'' (lefendiiiit shall have his Legal costs allowed 
him and the other two lliii'ds shall be paid to dabcz iVIeigs the 
C^ommissary appointed to supply the troops stationed at Fal- 
mouth to enable him to supply S'' Troops He to be account- 
able to the General Assembly of this State for all such Sums 
as He Shall recei\(', and the Slicrill" or Officer who shall pay 
any such Fines to the S'' Jabcz Meigs Shall take duplicate 
receipts for s'' sum, one of which to be immediately lodged 
with the Secretary of this State. 

And in Case any Officer detached as afores'' Shall refuse 
or neglect within twelve hours after he is detachM to march 
to Falmouth afoi-es'' e(|uijit as s'' Law directs, or shall leave 
his {)ost there before the expiraliou of the terms afores'' or 
untill regularly discharged by order of this C^ourt or in their 
recess by the Council He shall besides being liable to be re- 
moved from office by a Court Martial agreeable to s** Militia 
Laws of this State, forfeit and pay a Fine of thirty pounds — 



llXt DOC'UMKNlAK'i IIISIOKV 

to In- i('C(i\(.'rf(l ;iinl dis{K)so(l (•!" in llic aaiiic luanucr as in 
liu' last j>i-('rtr(liiii!; i»ara_i!;raj>Ii. 

And in cast' anv n(tn-c(»iiiniissit)iic(l Officer or j)rivate 
Soklicr shall neglect or rcl'iisc to march to Falmouth tMjuipt 
ns tlic l-raw directs within twelve hours after being so de- 
tacliM. or Shall lca\c the Service thcr(^ before tlic Term 
afores*" is expired, or bcl'orc He shall be rc,i;ulailv dismissed 
by order of this ("oui't or in the recess thereof by the Coun- 
cil, sliall forfeit and pay a Fine of Twenty }»ounds — to be 
recovered and disposed of in tlie same manner as the other 
Fines mentioned in this resolve. 

Provided that the Fines herein nuMitioned shall not exempt 
such officers or Soldiers who shall leave the Service as aforcs"' 
from being treated or punished as deserters. 

Resolved that the Troops afores*" shall be under the direc- 
tion of the h'iejd Ollicers of the 1" Kei;iinent in s'' (\)mity 
an<l liable to do duty in any place aldii^ llu^ Shores of the 
Vineyard Sound or P>u/.zard Bay as occasion may require, 

Resolved that the troops afores'' shall be allowed and paid 
out of the Treasury of this State the same wages, subsistence, 
& Mileage as was ))i-ovide(| by a resoKc (d' this Court for the 
Militia when order'' out upnn an alai'in 

Resolve<l that the Selectmen of the Several Towns from 
which the men aforcs'' may be detached be & they arc hereby 
directed to forward to (commissary ^feigs a Sufficient Quan- 
tity of Bread ^' ]\reat to subsist thos(! who are detachM from 
these towns respect i\cly taking the s'' ( 'oinniissarys duplicate 
receipts for y*" same one of which to be lodged with the 
Secretary of this State unless the CV)mniissary can otherwise 
supply them and such Selectmen are directed to lay their 
accounts of such provisions and expencc of Transportation 
before the Committee of accounts for allowance and pay- 
ment. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



197 



Resolved also that the afores'' Jabez Meigs be and he is 

hereby directed to supply the troops afores'' as well as those 

he was appointed Commissary for. — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk' 
In Council Sep^ 27^*' 1779 

Read & Concurred 

8ani' Adams Sec'j 



Consented to 
Jere Powell 
A Ward 
T Cushing 
J Fisher 
Moses Gill 



D Davis 
T. Danielscm 
H Gardner 
B White 
Sam" Baker 



A Fuller 
N Goodman 
J Stone 
Jn° Pitts 
N Cushing 



Deposition of Master of Brig. Hazard. 

My deposition concarning the ponobscott expedition is 
as follows, Saterday July 24*'' set sail in company with 
the fleet under the command of Como'' Saltonstall, bound 
fo Penobscott 6 Pm a signal on board the Com"" for the 
Brig'° Hazard to make sail a head of the fleet as did the 
Tyranicide. 10 P M. brest of fox Island Being all- 
most calm a tide of ebb came too anchor Capt. Williams 
sent M"" Cuningham willi the Pinnace on shore on I)is- 
coverys 2 oClock the next morn, or their a]x)ut tlio boat 
return.d. with three of the inhal)ilents. after l)cing Ex- 
amin.d by Cap* Williams, weir sent on board the Como' 
Sunday, 25*'' got under way as did the fleet early this morn"" 
and stood up the river, light ])reezes 10 A Af. saw the 
enemys Works & Shipping 4 PM. within two leagus of 
the enemys Ships fresh l)reeze & fair, we wair in great 



198 DOCl'MKNTAKY IIISTOUY 

expectation of (•(uiiinir to action this afternoon the wind 
bcine; fair to p» in ilic i-i\cr wlicir ilicii- sliijts lay & tlie 
land forcis scaniiniily in ii;reat confiitioii. sonic runiiiii: one 
way some another and ilicir works to appearance with an 
espyc glass not more than knee hi^h — 4 Pm the Como'" 
liail.d the Hazard from a small schooner, & Dcsier.d Capt. 
Williams to spcake the General & take his orders, 
abonght 5 °C° came too ('Iocs in shore the West side of 
^raj"" Bairadnce as did the Brig'" active & Ship Salley, in 
order to Civer the landing of the troops, soon after Sev- 
eral of the enemy — I snppos-d weir officers by their 
dress Appear.d. we Saint. d them soon with some ronnd 
& grape, which obliag.d them to Di.ssapear — soon after 
onr troops a small Division maid an atempt to land, but 
luckely recelv.d orders, as I weir inform. d. to return, be- 
fore they reach. d the shore at their Return recie'', some 
Musqnittry, & not uiic.\]»ec1ed to me July 26^*" early this 
morn, a Signal on board the Como"" for all Captains, the 
sloop Providence & Brig'"'' Pallace & Defence got under 
way — & Stood in between an Island & the Main S E 
from the Enemys — Ships & Came to anchor Little or 
nothing done this ]3ay Fine Weather & a fair Wind to 
go in to the enemy's shiping 

27"' Some of the Merines & Soldiers under the command 
of the brave Capt Welch took possesion of Bankers Island 
Which occation.d the enemys Ships to slip their cables & 
Hawl farther up the river our people soon got two 18 — 
& one 12 Pound on the Island k began a cannonade on 
their shipping, which was return. d 

28"* Early this Morn''' the troops being in order for landing 
Began a Canonade to scour the landing for abought half 
an hour, when the troops advanst & soon maid good their 
Landing with but little loss, considering wheir they land.d 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 199 

I Recei*' orders from ("apt Williams to take forty men 
from the Hazard and git two 18-pounders out of such a 
transport a shore, & Assist gitting them up wheir the gen- 
eral should order them, accordingly I Did — land.d 
them safe & got them up to the Work, 

29"" a signal for all Captains on hoard the Como"" — Little 
done this 24 hours. 

30'*' a Council held on hoard the Como"" as IJseal Some 
time after I do not recolect the day, but I was on shoar 
the General had Drawn up his troops in order to Draw 
the enemy out of their Works — as some of the officers 
inform.d me — their was an advanst Party of abought two 
hund.d of our troops sent out to a hrest work which the 
enemy had Avecuated a few Days before. I haveing an 
espye glass, went with them to View the enemys fort, 
soon after we got to the brest Work, T heard an officer 
order the men to retreat. I ask.d him, if he saw the 
enemy he said ys they are Closs by Some of the men 
was for standing some for advancing others for retreating 
as they did hilter skilter. the enemy soon got in the 
brest work & fired on our People & lay does by the works 
till the fireing wair oer wheir I heard them Daming the 
Yankes — they soon Return.d to their fort abought eighty 
in num"" I thought by this time we had ])ut little Pros- 
pect of success, If matters weir not carry. d on with more 
resolution then have ben, espescley, with their Shipping. 

their Main fort now begins to look formadebly 

undoubtedly they have great Incouragements to fortify as 
the tory says they have a great quantity of hard Money in 
the fort Some of the inhabitents who maid their escape 
from the Enemy soon after our arrival, who said they 
weir well acquaint.d with the river wheir the enemys Ships 
lay & would with Pleasure go in with any of our Ships 



200 DOCUMENTAKV I1IST<)|;V 

these nu'ii wair I)alv iminncrinij: as \\\v.\r IntrisI all lay at 
stake — Some time alter iliis 1 ijn not rccolect the date it 
was agreed to go in willi some of our sliips & take or 
Distroy the enemys — I with the consent of Capt Williams 
went on hoard of the ('onKxr with sdnie men to give my 
Assistance as the Ila/.ai-d was no! to he in action, part 
of this Day they Weir Making Preperations on Itoard the 
warren hnilding Baracadoes kc — soon After news came 
on hoard from the shoar the general was not ready with 
his troop the next Morn'^' I went on shoar to take a walk 
& reconoitre the enemys works, as I walk.t through our 
camp the trooj) weir a mustering to Perade I ask.d a 
num"" of the soldiers why they weir so dull Sjjcrit.d & 
whither they would storm the enemys fort With one con- 
sent, the answer was with all my hart Give us officers — 
Ahought 2 Pni the general Draw.d the chief of his troops 
out on the clear.d ground, & sent an advanst Party as he- 
fore, to the hrest work, the enemy expecting an ateck man.d 
their lines a Party of our troops advanst to the Height 
which cut olf the communication from the enemys Ships 
to their grand fort General, Lovcl desiercd Capt Burke 
& M"" Porter in My Preascnts, to go emediatly on board the 
Warren and Inform the Comod'' that he had got Possesion 
of the ground between the ships & fort & Desier.d he would 
come in with the Shippinir. 1 went on board the Ship 
Putnam with AP J*ort(!r in order to assist Gitting the ship 
under weigh soon after we got on Board I Saw with a 
glass Capt Burke a long side the Comod"" & the signal for 

all Captains Soon got the Putnam under weigh 

expecting to go in the river — 5 P M. saw three square 
rigg.d Vessells standing up the river towards us G d" the 
fleet got under weigh & stood oif towards long Island, 7 
P M Intel igence came by Capt Brown they weir enemys 



OF TIIK STATK OF MAINE 201 

ships allmost calm Came too anchor — I rctiirn.d on board 
the Hazard the next morn, got under weigh as did the 
fleet & stood up the river as your Honors have heard re- 
peatedly after we had got up the river & I found the 
ships weir to he burnt, I got the consent & approbation of 
Capt Williams to bury a brass 6 — Pounder which Lay 
on deck which I did that night with a nura"" of other 
Artri^ — the next morn, great Part of the seamen weir on 
Shoar from the monmouth Hector & Black Prince & with- 
out any worning to others weir set on fire Capt Williams 
gave me orders to set fire to the Hazard I waited some 
time after the fleet was all on fire some blew up Soon 
after I set fire to the Hazard, first supply.d myself with 
stores as I intend.d to come by water, the next day met 
a flag of truce I was Inform.d the Le Blond, barge from, 
S"" Gorge Colier to the Comod"" Permiting him a ship with 
his men round to boston on eondittions that the fleet weir 
Delivered up not distroy.d. undoubtedly they Thought 
that conduct would 1)0 agreable to our formous Conduct 
Sam, Morris Master of the brig Hazard 



Deposition Col. Paul Revere. 

July 21 The 21 of July We arived at Townsend, 
22*^ I was desired by Gen' Lovel to attend at his Quarters 
at 7 "clock that evening; I found Gen' Lovel, Briga"" Wads- 
worth, Commod"" Saltonstall, most of the Field Officers of 
the Army, and the Captains of the Xavy. There was some 
debates, about the future opperations, of the Fleet, and 
Army; nothing material was determined ; it was left to the 
General, and Commodore, to settle. The afternoon of this 
day, the General Review'd his Troops. 



202 DOCUMKNTAKV IIISldUY 

24^*' Wc sailed t'ldiii 'ruwiisciid, ;irii\c(l in Penobscot Bay, 
that Evening; caiue to aiiclioi-, uiidci- one of the Fox Is- 
lands. 

25"' We came to Anchor close under Maiiiahi-jjwachice about 
:l "Clock in the afternoon; As we came up the Hay, I couhl 
plainly sec with my Glass, the enemy had begun a Fort, on 
one of the Heights; in which was a long Harrack. A 
number of men attempt to ]an<l, under liriga"" Wadsworth, 
they aproach the shore, orders are gi\('n for tliem to return, 
the Enemy fired upon them, and kill one Indian. 

2G*'' I attend at a Council of War on board the Warren; it 
was agreed that a detaclniient of .Marines under Cap' 
Welsh, should attack Jianks's Island ; and that they be sup- 
ported, by a party of Militia under Briga"" Wadsworth, I 
am Ordered to send one Field piece with the ^farincs; they 
git possesi(jn of the Island. The (Jeneral directs me to 
send two eighteen-pounders, one twelve, and one howitz; 
wdth a proper number of Officers and men to the Island ; 
which went that evening. 

27"' In the morning, I went with Gen' Level to the Island, 
I returned with him about 12 "Clock; he desires me to at- 
tend him after dinner, on board the Warren ; I attend him 
accordingly, there is a Council War held ; it is determined, 
to make a landing on Magabigwaduce. In the evening, I 
received Orders, to land with the men imder my Command 
as a Corps de Reserve to the General, to leave my Can- 
non, and take my musketts. 

28"" I landed agreeable to Orders, after forming on the 
Beach, I see the General, who orders me to follow him with 
my men ; we assend the Steep ; then formed and marched 
near the edge of the Wood n(;xt the Knemy : The Gen- 
eral commanded a halt ; we had not halted a great wile, 
wen he received accounts, they had got possession of the 



OF THE STATE OF .NfAI-XE 203 

Heights; He then Ordered me to git a Field-piece on 
shore immediately whicli was done assoon as possible. He 
afterwards Ordered me to send to Banks's Island for the 
Howitz, and Field-piece; to make preparation to git them, 
with two 18 pounders, and the Brass twelve pounder, on 
Shore, to Call on Col Davis for Boats, and men, to fetch 
them. I afterwards reconnoitred tlie shore, and found a 
place much handier to land the Cannon ; I informed the 
General, of it: he desired me to ('all on Captains, Wil- 
liams, Halet, Holmes and Catchcart, for what men I should 
want, which I did. 

29'** Earley in the morning, a sufficcent number of Officers, 
Carpenters, and Seamen, came on shore ; I set the Car- 
penters to clearing a passage and Cutting a Kode, up to the 
Battery ; the Officers and seamen, were imployed in gitting 
the Cannon on Shore. I waited on the General and in- 
formed him, how far I had proceeded. He desired me to 
be as expeditious as possil)le; for he did not think it pos- 
sible with what men he had, to Storm the Enemys fort. 
That fore noon, I had a fair view of the Enemys Fort with 
a good Glass; I could see, that it was as high as a Mans 
shin; that it was built of Squared loggs; was Abbitee'd ; 
that they had begun to Fraise it, round the rampart; that 
they had two guns mounted, which they fired in Barbet. 
That forenoon the Brass 12 pounder, Howitz and heavy 
field piece was landed; in the Afternoon one 18 pounder; 
they were all hawled up near to the lines. 

30"" By the help of the Seamen, we got another 18 pounder 
on shore and dragged it up to the Battery ; in the afternoon 
we oppened the Battery, and fired on the Enemy, with two 
18 pounders, one twelve, and a Howitz. 

31^^ Deserter came out from the Enemy, who said, they 
were upwards of 900 strong; that (hey had G50 Soldiers, 



204 i>()('IMK.n'i\m;y iiisioiiy 

nnd near !50() SaiK»rs; that tlicy had sunk most of tlioir 
Transports, and taken Guns on shore, from their armed 
Vessels. 
Aut;' 1 Last iiiirht the ^farini's, and Militia, stormed one 
of thcKiicnivs Ilaltcrvs, of tlircc! Six-pounders; which they 
parried. 

2*^ 1 went with JJrigadicr Wadsworth, to reconnoitre some 
Ishinds, to the east of Banks's Island, for a place to annoy 
the Enemy Shipping. 

;>'' The (ieneral Order one IS pounder, one J) pounder and a 
Field piece, with a j>roper numher of Officers and men, to 
a point on the main, where JJrigadier Wadsworth was 
l)nilding a Battery to annoy tlie Enemies Ships. 

4'** In the afternoon, the l^attery was opened ; after fireing 
a number of Shot, we found the distance, too great, for a 
sure Shot. 

5^** The General informed me he had sent a letter to Com- 
modore Saltonstall, to know his determination, wether he 
would go in and attack the Ships, or not. 

G I am summoned to a Council of all Land Officers; the 
General lays before us, a letter ho had received from the 
Commo"" in answer to his of Yesterday ; inclosed was a 
Coppy of the dctcrinination of a Council of Navy Offi- 
cers; to this purpose, If tiie General will Storm, the Enemys 
main Fort; they will attack the Shipping. The General 
desirfid the oppinion of the Council, wether it is practible 
to storm, they are unanimous — it is not. A Committee 
of three is choso to confer with the Commodore: Brig"" 
Wadsworth, Col: Mitchel, and my self are sent; We wait 
on the Commodore, lie says, he is not willing to confer, 
but will meet Gen' Lovel, in a general Council; we agree 
to meet on board the Hazard. 



OF Til 10 STATE OF MAINE 2U5 

7'^ The Council meet, after many debates, the question is 
put, wether tlie Siege shall be raised: There were Thir- 
teen against it, & eight for it. 

gth ^ Qth rpj^p Fireing is kept up against the Enemy, as 
has been, ever since the Batteries were opened. 

10'*" A Council of war is called on board the Warren ; when 
it is agreed to attack the Enemys ships: The General is 
to send a party of men, to take possesion of the ground, 
between the Enemys Fort, and Ships, to prevent their 
Sailors giting in to the Fort 

11^" I am directed to send tv/o Field pieces to the South of 
the wood, in the Afternoon, the General takes out a party 
of the Militia, on the plain ground, to Manovre them; they 
march in sight of the enemy, the Enemy fire upon them, 
they retreat in the utmost disorder. At 10 "CMock in the 
evening I am sent for to a Council ; after many debates, 
and for the Reasons set forth in the minutes of said Coun- 
cil, it is agreed, that they cannot take possesion of the 
ground as was determined; and that the General, inform 
Commodore Saltonstall, in the morning. 

12"' I went on board the Warren, with Gen' Lovcll, to in- 
form the Comm'"'' of the proceedings of last evening: The 
Commo"" appeared supprised, he said he was ready to go 
in. They propose another Council, to determine what 
next shall be done. The General Orders me, to make 
preparation, to take off the heavy Cannon. We git the 
Brass twelve pounder and Howitz, on board the Trans- 
ports, and one 18 pounder to the Beach that night ; The 
Council meet at the Generals Markee; at about Sundown, 
their is an Alarm, which breaks up the Council. 

IS'*" I git the other 18 pounder to the Beach, earley in the 
morning: I attend the Council; after many debates, it 



L'Oi; DOt'IM I;N lAKV lUSlOKY 

was put to \'i>\v, wi'lliiT the Siege should ho raised, or 
not. thciv was 'IV-n for it, and Fourteen against it. 

The (icncral jini[iosc's in the altcrnoon, to take out a 
party of men on the soutii side of the Penensuhi, to draw 
out the Enemy. lie directs me to send tlie lirass twelve 
poun"" and a Field piece there, witli a i)ri»j)er nuuiher 
of Officers and men: The (leni'ral niardu's a party of 
men to y" S. East part of the penensuhi, the Enemy fire 
grape at him, hut do not come out; Our Ships git under 
sail, we supposeing thev were coming in; when to our 
great mortification, (the fog clearing away) we see five 
sail of ships, in the Bay; it heing near sun down, & a 
Showre coming on, the General led off his men. Ahout 
12 "Clock the General sent for me, and directed me, to 
take off my Cannon, and men ; which was done before day- 
light. 
14"" Ahout 7 "Clock. Cap^ Hrown is Ordered to git his Vesel 
under way, an<l stand for IJelfast; it being calm, and the 
Tide not for us, he was Ordered to proceed up Penobscot 
River; About 12 "Clock we came to an Anchor, off Fort- 
J*oint, expecting every minute, to hear our shij>s attack the 
Enemy ; ahout one oClock, w^e percieved that our ships were 
under sail. Standing up the River; I went on lioard, the 
Generals Sloop, to acquaint Brigadier \Yadsw'orth with 
it (their Vessel lay out of sight of the Ships) He desired 
me to go on shore with him to the Hospital, to git off the 
sick and wounded, wliiiji 1 did ; Imt before we could git 
them off; Our armed Ships, had got ahrest of the Point; 
they soon over took the Transports, wdio had got under 
way; (the Enemy pursuing) ; when the Transports found, 
that the Armed Vessels all went a head of them, they ran 
on shore, and landed their men, in the utmost confusion. 
The Ordinance Brig in which was most of mv men, was the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 207 

last who came on shore I got most of my men together, 
in the Edge of the Wf)o(l, hut while uiy Boat was gitting 
some men from a Schooner, who had lost their Boat ; I 
was seperated from them (all hut two Officers and Eight 
men;) They taking in to the Woods: I supposing, they 
were gone up the River; followed in my Boat, (It being 
Sun dowm) expecting to overtake them, after searching 
till 12 "Clock for them, T went on board a Transport, 
which had got up the River, and Staid till Day light; 

IS"" then sent an Officer in the Boat, down the River, to 
seek after my men ; and if he found them, to Order them 
up to me. As I was going up the River, I saw General 
Lovel comeing down, he told me, he was a going to bring up 
his men, to make a Stand. I went up as far as Grants 
Mills, where I found a considerable body of men, there I 
landed, to wait for my Boat ; she returned about 12 "Clock, 
and could finde nothing of them ; I staid there all tliat day ; 
towards night, I went on board rlie Vengance, Cap' Thomas, 
to enquire what news; he told me, he shoidd burn his 
Vessel in the morning ; he had landed some of his men, and 
was delivering out provision to Some Soldiers who had 
none. I went on shore, and went about a Mile into 
the woods with my men two officers and eight men & 

16^'^ there encamped, next nioniing 1 sett oil" with a J'arty, 
and came thro the woods to Kenebcck River. 

19"' I got to Fort Western, were I found most of my Officers, 

and men; after supplying them, with what money I could 

spare, I Ordered them to Boston by the nearest rout. 

Paul Revere L^ Col. A^ 
Col" Revere's 

Deposition 



208 DOCUMKNIAUV IIISTOKV 

DviKisUioH of I'll. Mdrcll, Sliip Sky Rocket. 

On the 2S' July T went a shore at ^lajorbagaduce about 
:» O'rlock A. M. witli some Sailors in my way up to the 
Heights I fouiid Cap' Cariies marine officer of the Put- 
man a setting on a log, after the \issall Comp*" I asked 
him how many men he liad lost in Landing he told me 
he could not tell — Cap' Williams of the llazzard then 
came by <Sr ask'd if we would lend a hand to gctt some 
(Inns np 1 toM liini Vcs 1 (billed on the Sky Rockett 
»!v: went witli tlicni iV (':i])' ( 'arnea in Company to the 
iJeach. — I KemainM on the P)cacli I Suppose an Hour 
& tlicn went on bourd. — I inquired if our marine had 
Gott on bourd was told no. I saycd T suppose they were 
Discharged as I saw Cap* Crimes a walking about a shore 
some way in the Ivear of our Army. — I was on shore 
Sevcrall times — & saw Col" Revere who always apprea'd, 
as he all way's did while I was in the Regiment as an 
Active & Deligcnt officer on the Retreat up Prenobscot 
River Col° Revere pass'd the Ship Sky Rockett a little 
after Sun down Cap' TUirk Ask'd him to Come on bourd 
& Drink some Grog he told him he could not stop for he 
was trying to Colect his men. T told him he had better 
stop & T would hand liim some in the I'oat he told me he 

could not — 

Ph. .Marett Acting Lieu' 

on b" the Ship Sky Rockett 



DeposUion Capt. Cn.'ihincj. 

On the 24"' of duly I cnd)arked on board the Brig 
Samuel to proceed on an Expedition to Penobscot 
where we arrived on the i>r>"' on the 20'" T was order'd by 



OF TJIE STATE OF MAINE 209 

Col° Kevere with my Company & two 18 p", One 12 & a 
howit to proceed to Bank's Island, on the 27 we assisted 
by the Militia got in to a Battery one 18 and one 12 & 
one How it, & the other 18 on the shore Col° Revere came 
& visited us to see our proceedings at 9 O Clock I rec'd 
orders from Gen Wads worth to immediately repair to my 
Transport, where I received directions from Col° Revere 
to prepare to Land the next morning l)y Day Light, the 
28"' by a little after sunrise we were on Shore, where I 
paraded the Men, (Col° Revere went to the right where I 
saw the General,) I advanced with the ]\[cn till within half 
a mile of the Enemy's Fort, when Col° Revere came up, 
& order'd a halt the rest of the Army having halted at the 
same time, I was then order'd by him to go on board 
the Ordinance Brig & bring on Shore one Field piece, after 
we got on board, he order'd me to go to Bank's Island & 
fetch off the Howit & field piece at that place, which I 
effected by 2 OClock V. M. he then again directed me 
again to take a Field Piece and proceed on Shore, & con- 
vey it to the Lines, which was done before Sun down the 
29*'' I was employed in getting Cannon on Shore, the 30*'' 
in the Afternoon open'd our Battery of 2.18'^ 1-12 & a 
1/^ 5 in how'it, a little more than 14 of a mile from the 
Enemy's Fort. 

A few Days after T was order'd to a Battery on the 
main with Gen Wadsworth 

On the 13**' I was order'd to take off the heavy Cannon 
in the above Battery which was done — 

On the 14*'' at 2 OClock A. M. I received orders, to re- 
pair immediately on board the Transport wkh the Field 
piece then remaining, we were pursued by 200 of the 
Enemy, which obliged us to leave the Carriage behind, as 
the Boat was not large enough to carry both, one of the 
Militia was taken prisoner, 

14 



210 DOCr.MENTAl.'V llisi»)i;v 

^^'lK.•n :il)n;iril the 'rnmsjioi-t liv I(l\vinl,^ Arc wc got up to 
Fort point, luit tidi' making- :iir;iin.st us obliged us to come 
tott. alxiut '2 OC'lork the Men nt' War rc'i-i'i\iM<j; a Breeze 
from tlic South'" were coming u]) with all Sail, The Trans- 
ports soon after took the Breeze & puslicd up the River by 
sailing, towing, &' rowing, l)ut the Ships of War passing 
ihvui ohligod us to run a Sjniic, tlie Enemy's Ships being 
within shot, 

I went on Shore with Col" Revere & collected about 40 
of our ^Icn, the Col" left me but informed me he wou'd be 
back in a few minutes, I tarrv'd upon the Beach & Bank 
nigh where he left me some time but Night coming on k 
my party having no Arms I thot it advisable to take post 
a 1/4 of a mile from the Shore, where I saw some of the 
Gen' family, ]\rajor Brown thot it prudent to push for 
Kennebeck River, I went about i/. a mile »S: encamped in 
tlie Woods, the next niorniiig T sent two ]\ren out of the 
Woods to gain intelligence, but bioiiglit none, wlien I sett 
off for Kennebeck 

Perez C^l.shing Cap' Arty 

I went on shore before with Col" Revere by Gen' Wads- 
worth's desire A: in (\jmpany with him at Fort Point, 
then w^e viz. Col" Revere & myself proceeded up the River 
in a Boat four or five ^liles, and then landed — Our ^len 
landed afterwards below us. Col" Revere then left me & 
went towards the place where the Men were landing & say'd 
he would be back in a few minutes, but I saw no more of 
him 'till I got to Kennebeck Rivei-. I tarried at the place 
where he left me from 5 o'Cloek 'till near Dark, waiting 
for Col" Revere, & orders, then 1 jiroceeded towards the 
place where our Men landed, met some of them coming up 
k in the whole collected alwut forty — I had no orders from 
anv one what to do with the ^Icn when T had collected 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 211 

them — I saw the Adjutant Gen' after I had collected the 
Men, asked him if he had any orders to give me respecting 
the Men — he said no — Col" Revere had an Opportunity 
to have given orders to me, or to the Men, before we left the 
River, & I expected to have receiv'd orders from him, but 
did not, & then took the course I have mentioned above — 
When we got to Kcnnebeck River the Col" said you have 
the Command of the ^len now k march the .^^en to Boston, 
& give certificates for their Subsistance — While at ]>aga- 
doose I receiv'd orders from Gen' Wadsworth,/ being at the 
Gen' Marque/ to go to a new Fort on the Main with an 18 
Pounder 9 D~ & a 4 P"" I went with 15 ^Men from the 
Train, before I marched the Men I saw Col° Revere & 
told him of my orders, he said he thought he ought to have 
been consulted by the Gen' l)efore a detachment was made 
from his Corps, — but said get your ]\rcn 

Quest" Did you hear Gen' Lovcll or P> Gen' Wadsworth say 
that they would not give any orders to Col" Revere if the 
seige continued ever so long — 

Ans' I heard such conversation, but cannot now recol- 
lect whether it came from either of them — I lodged on 
Board the Transport with CoP Revere on the Night of the 

28'" & 29''' of July 

Perez Gushing Cap' Arty 



Deposition of Titus Salter. 

At 4 A: M. got under way the ship Hampdon from Pis- 
cataqua and Saild for Townsend in ordore to Joine the fleet 
from Boston and agreable to my orders to my Self under the 
Command of the Comm""" of Said fleet on Tusday y^ 20 att 
8. A: M Came to Aancher in Townsand harbour Whair I 
found fourteen Transports with Troops on Board Wating 



212 i)()crMi:.NiAi;v iiisioiiy 

tor the ('(.mill''' <.ii Wliciis.lnv _vc 21— :'. : V. M tlic 
("oiiim'''' in the Shi]) Wai-i'i'ii ( ';iiii in the harhoiir With tlic 
ik'ct of nniic<l Shij)s vVc 1 Whciit on Hoard tlic Coniin'''' & 
I )("li\('iil him a Letter from the Hoard of Wor at piscataqua 
and af^rcahic to my orders put me Self »fc ship under tlic 
Comniand of Said Coiinn'''' & re('e:d my orders in Clouding 
Signcls &'c on Sattorday "'24 3: A: ^I the Si^nel was made 
for Sailing- at ."». A : M I ruiiiid llie whole of the tlcct under 
way 1 hove up & brouiiht \\\) tlie rear agreahle to orders & 
^fade Saile for penohscut at 11 — oclock at Night we anclicrd 
under the fox Islands on Sunday ^"25 — 7: A: M the fleet 
all under way we hove u{) t\: Made Saile I.iij;ht Winds We 
run ujt the I>ay about .'3: P: M the fleet Came in Sight of 
the Knemys forts c^' Shipinij: I found the headmost Ships 
hould their wind & Stood towords long Island I run up 
for the Commodore Ship and found the Comm'' on Board 
Cap' Parkers Schooner he lieald the Ihimpdon I answord 
liiiii he Tould me to houle my wind and Stand a Cross the 
IJay and plye to windward and When his Ship anchcrd I 
must Com Twoo I answerd him Verry well Sir, I Shouhl 
be Glad Sir If you would (live me men a Nuf to man my 
Ship 1 Stand readey Sir to gow any ware, ware Eiver you 
order me l)e it ware ct will — the Conmiodore Tould me my 
Ship Would make a Verry Good preadc Ship — I answerd 
him Sir T Dcd not Com hear for a preade Ship. I (\)me 
hear for Sumthing Elcc — on Munday "'2('). . 3: P: I\I the 
Comm'"'''" k Sundrey of the Ships ])ast the Harbour Baga- 
doucc and our Ship under ann Kasey Saile and fierd on the 
Eanemyes Ships & Twoo of their Batteres Scoon after the 
Sloop providance Briggs Pallace & Defince Landed their 
Men &c Tuck possession of Banks Island ware a Battery was 
Emmediately Erected which obliged the Enemy Ships to go 
further up the river Whensday ""2.^ — at '3 : A : ]\r Sundrey 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 213 

Vessels l)e gimn tlie fire on the shore for Covering the land- 
ing of the Troops which was Effected and att the Same Time 
the Enemys left their outer must Batterry on the Larb(jrd 
hand a gowing in to Bagadouce harhour Sunday ^'^l — 
August 3 : A : M our Troops & Merains &c Stormed the 
Enemyes 2^ Batterry & Carred et which was Near the Water 
Side which we moved Eiverry Defficlty out of the way that 
mite Endanger our Shiping in gowing in to Bagaduce har- 
bour to atack one Twenty Gunn & on Eightteen & one Six- 
teen Gunn Ship Now the way ])eing Clear Except the 
Enemyes fort upon the Hill whech w^e Coudent Come Nearer 
than three Quarters of a jMile — Say a half a Mile one 
Transport Ship added to their Line With Six Gunns after 
we had been their a week or more If et was thought not Safe 
in lying in the harbour — 

after Takeng the Enemy Ships Which mite be Doon with 
Ease When Eiver orders was given for that porpouse we 
Shoudent been abliged to lay Exsposed to y® fire of the 
Enemy fort as their was a large bay that we mite gone out 
of reach of the Enemys Shott — et is Emposable for me 
to Say how many Councles of war was held at Difrent 
times but up on finding them not to the porpouse I De- 
sierd that Ya & Na might be Eanterd & Eivery persons 
Name marshoned and if the origneral is prodused you will 
find I all ways votted to gooin & A Tack the Enemys 
Ships — August 11 Whensday I rece'd orders to gow in 
to Bagaduce harbour to a Tack the Enemys Ships — on 
Friday ^''IS being on banks Island to Scee our Troops 
March Round the Enemy works at about G : P : ^I : I 
Saw the Signel was out for all Cap* to Com on Board 
the Commodore I Emedetly returned to my boat & 
whent on Board my Ship & Desierd Cap* Hacker to let 
me Now whatt was y*" orders when he Returnd I then 



214 DOCL'.MKNTAKY IIISTOKV 

perseiveiig the Sii-aiiiiL' Ships tu wiiulcrd I emcilctlv hove 
up as I lay in tlic mouth of Bagadoucc Harlwur wair my 
Shi]) \: the iHiiinaii had hiycd 'lY-cn or twelve Daycs in 
reach of the (Junns in the Knemyes fort from which thea 
fiercd at me the whole of the Time my Ship was a wairing, 
as I wore as thow I was irointi: in the harbour of Bagodouce 
att that Time Gen" I^ovel with five or Six hunderd of his 
Troops k Mererins kc was between the Enemys fort k 
their Shiping I Scoon Jut Clear of the Enemys fire & 
Stood of Tell flood tide tV then Calm was ablige to Com 
Twoo ancher — Satterday 'M4.8:A:.M the Signel for 
all Cap' from y"' Comm'''' I whcnt on Board y" Comm :'''' 
Sundrey Cap' Coming away as I whent on Board I asked 
the Cominodor If he had aney orders for me he Tould 
me Xow he belived we must all Sheft for our Selves, with 
that I left him & Whent to the Gen' Sloop to Requst 
Leberty for Sum of his men as I was in Expeatision of 
Coming to Acksion the Gen" Sent ]\Iaj Bron with me to 
order Sum of the Troops on Board my Ship Xear Twenty 
— Turnd out as Volenters k whent me on Board @ 1 : P : 
M o clock I returnd a Hoard my Ship and found the Comm'' 
and all the fleet Jeting under way, I waid k Sett all the 
Sailes I Cud the Enemy then not more then a League k 
ahalf a Stearn of me the fleet Standing for fort Pownal 
my Shi]) Saileing heavey the Knemy Scoon Came up with 
me three frigetes and flered upon one after y* outlier k 
Cutt away my rigen k Stayes and huld me Sundrey times 
k wounded Sum of my men I found Et Emposable to 
Joyane our fleet again was abliged to Strick all thou Con- 
tray to my well 

Titus Salter Cap' of Ship llampdou froni the Estat of 
New Hapsh'"'' 

The time when the orders abovementioned were given 
for attacking the enemy's fleet was on Wednesday the 11"' 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 215 

It is my opinion it was always in the power of Our Fleet 
to have dcstroy'd the Enemy's Shiping without any as- 
sistance from the land Army uutill the arrival of their 

Reinforcement — 

Titus Salter 

The above Deposition, with the addition below was 

Sworn to in Court Sepf 25 [1779] 

Attest O. Peabody Cler 



Defence of Col. Paul lie v ere. 
Gentlemen 

You being appointed by the Authority of this State, to 
investigate the Causes of the failure of the Penobscot Ex- 
pedition; and of the Behavour of the Officers, concerned 
therein : It lays with You in a great measure, from the evi- 
dence for and against me, to determine what is more dearer 
to me than life; my character. I hope and expect, that you 
will make proper allowance, for the prejudices, which have 
taken place, in consequence of stories, propagated by de- 
signing men to my disadvantage. 

I beg leave to mention to your Honors a matter; the at 
first, it may appear foreign to the present case, yet in the 
end, it will give some light ; Why Stories have been propo- 
gated against me. 

Your Honors must remember the dificulties which arose 
in our Regiment the last Feburary when it was reduced to 
three Companys. Because I accepted the command, (which 
was by desire of the Council) and did all in my power, to 
hinder the men from deserting: And because I would not 
give up my Commission, in the same way the other Officers 
did, some of them propogated, every falshood, ^lalice could 
invent in a underhanded way. 



210 DOCl'M i:.\TAKY IlISl'OUV 

I shall Irouhlc Yuur Honors liut with one Fact, which I 
appeal to the Hon'''" General Ward for the truth of. 

Xot long after the Regiment was reduced, Captains Todd 
and Gray, waited on General Ward, to complain against me; 
after saying many things to my disadvantage, (as the Gen- 
oral told me the same day,) C^ipt Todd askeil the Gcfneral, 
to go with him in another room. He then told him. He 
could prove or he believed he could i)rove, that I had drawn 
Rations at the Castle, for thirty men, more than 1 had there. 
The General said he told them, if they had any thing against 
me, to enter a Complaint against me to Council, and I should 
be called upon. A few days after I received an Order of 
Council to attend them, and was served with a Coppy of a 
petition, signed by Cap'^ ^r^ij? Todd and others; wherein 
they desire to be heard personaly on matters set forth in the 
Petition ; and other Matters. I appeared at the appointed 
time and they never produced a single article against me. 
I well remember, that three of your Honors, were in Council 
at the time. Ever since they have done every thing in their 
power to hurt me, by insinuations : Tho' none of them ever 
Charged me to my face. 

After I received Orders to go to Penobscot, I heard Cap' 
Todd was going one of Gen' Lovcls Brigade Majors. Some 
of my Officers, told me they were agoing to wait on Gen' Level 
to inform him, with what they heard, and to desire He might 
not go ; for ho was so very Enemical to the Corps of Artillery, 
He would do every thing in his power to hurt them. They 
came to Boston to see the Gen' but Doc"" Whipple asured them 
Cap' Todd was not going, they omitted waiting on Gen' 
Lovel. 

After that Gen' Lovel engaged him. When I found he 
was going in the Generals family ; I represented to the Gen' 
how disagreeable he was to me, and my Officers, and that I 



OF THE STATE OF ^rAI.VE 217 

should never speak to hiiu but in the line of my duty. For 
which reason I did not go to the Generals Markee, so often as 
other Officers ; but I allways made it a Duty, to sec the Gen- 
eral, at least twice a day; morning and Evening. Which 
Gen' Lovel has done me the Justice to say on Oath, He saw 
me often. (I would mention here, that during the whole 
Campaign, I never was so much alone, with any man, as 
with General Lovel : He frefjucntly asked me to walk with 
him. Yet he never gave me, the most distant hint, that he 
thought I omitted, or neglected, any part of my duty ; Which 
I am perswaded he would have done, if he thought I had 
omitted it; as there has been an acquaintance for more than 
twenty years.) 

If what 1 have mentioned is true. Your Honors must be 
sensible, what a Situation I was in, with such an enveterate 
Enemy in the Generals Family — I have not the least doubt 
but Cap^ Todd procured the Order, of the 30'^ of August, 
and then sent it to Jjoston. For my Friends, tells me, that 
they heard of the Order, before I got home, and they have 
no doubt it came from him. — He swears that I did not land 
in time, and insinuates, it was done with design. — That he 
heard Brigadier Wadsworth Say that if the Expedition con- 
tinued seven years. He would never order me. — That I was 
frequently on board the Transport, by which he would insin- 
uate that I went there to keep out of the way — And that I 
did not go up the River when Ordered by the General, the 
day after the Retreat. 

The first of these to his confusion ; was proved to be false, 
by Cap'® Gushing, Lincoln, and Col. Davis, The Second by 
Brigadier Wadsworth, who swears that he never said any 
such thing, that it never once came in to his mind. He says 
he is sure, if he had said so, some traces of it would be left 
behind. The third by Cap* Brown, who says I never came 



21!^ DOCl'MKNTAKV IllSldllV 

on board, Iml to do soincthiiij^ for I he Sorvic-c, or to JSliift 
me; and that but seldom; and when I was on board, I was 
anxious to git on Shore, for fear I should be wanted. That 
Several times, he desired me to stop, to drink Coffee, & to 
dine, that I refused him, for the above reasons. — And fourth- 
Iv that 1 did not go up the Kiver when (3rdered by the (Jen- 
era 1. This is likewise proved false by Cap' Lieu* Newcomb, 
and Lien' Philips, who tells you, I went twenty miles up the 
Jliver, to Grants JMills; that I staid there, the whole of that 
day ; and did not leave the River till I was asured they would 
burn the Ships next morning. — I am sure that nothing 
turned up in evidence, to shew that the General ever carried 
up my men, to Fortify as Keproposed. 

As to the charges brought against me by Cap* Carnes, for 
which I was Arrested by the Council; I expected, he would 
have endeavored, to have proved, one by one; But when he 
found his witness failed lie was suffered to appear as an 
evidence Himself; I say suffered; for it was the first in- 
stance, I ever heard off, in Matters of this sort; (in Milla- 
tary affairs,) that a man should be accuser, and evidence. 
After all, what does he swear to; First that I staid on the 
Beach with my men, and did not go up the Steep till the 
^larines and Militia had got possesion of the Heights. 2** 
That I carried all my men on board the Transport and that 
they lodged there. And that the Sailors got my Cannon 
on Shore. 

The first is proved false, by Gen' Lovel, and all my Offi- 
cers; for I do not suppose any one will say. Gen' Lovel did 
not leave the Beach, till tiiey had possesion of the Heights, 
Yet Gen' Lovel swears, I was close in his rear. 

Second that I carried all my men on board the Transport, 
and that they lodged there, till order'd on Shore by the Gen' 



OF THE STATE OF MAI.NE 219 

This is likewise proved false, by several evidences, Cap' Lin- 
coln told you, that he kept on sliore with his men, and 
encamp'd in the woods. — That the Sailors got my Cannon 
on Shore is true in part, the two 18 pounders were got on 
shore by them CheiHy ; but the 12 poun"" Ilowitz, and heavy 
field piece, were got on shore by my people. You find all 
my Officers swear they and the men were assisting, the whole 
time. (Xo person in their senses would suppose, that Forty 
men could, git such Cannon, as 18 poun"" up that bank). 
Cap'^ Williams and Catheart say, that they had not the 
assistance from the Artillery, they expected; which is 
accounted for this way, there was all the utcnsels, belonging 
to the Cannon, to git up to the Fort, The Rammers, Spunges, 
Ladles, worms, beds, Quines, powder Horns, Linstocks, be- 
sides the Amunition, wads &c You may depend the Artil- 
lery officers, took care of those, & imployed their own men. 
The two first charges in Carnes's complaint ; are proved to 
be groundless : The Order I produced, proves his malice in 
the first instance, that he aserted a thing he knew nothing 
about ; and then attempted to prove it. Happy for me I did 
not loose this Order. . The second charge; that I did not 
go, to take off the Cannon kc The Adjutant Gen' tels you, 
the General counter Ordered it, and the men that was 
Ordered, never came to me. 

Third Charge, Disobeidence of Order's in several in- 
stances, Gen' Lovel Swears, he did not know of my ever dis- 
obeying any Order, either Verbal or written, except that of 
the 15'^ of August, to go up the River: 1 think it is amply 
proved, that I did go up the River, 20 miles, with what men 
I had; that I staid there till Sun down, when it was deter- 
mined to burn the Ships ; If the Gen' did not see me there, it 
was not my fault; for it is evident thro the whole enquirey: 



220 ItOCrMKNTAKY IIISTOIIY 

that (Jent'ral Lovel, did n<jt i-unio up the Kivcr till Xight: 
Or one Siiij^le Field Officer, except my self.* 

The I'^ourili. I''(ir iinsdidicr like Ix-liaxonr ^:c If to obey 
Orders, and to keep close to my duly, is uusoldierlikc; T was 
Guilty. As to Cowardice, l)uriii<^ the whole expedition, I 
never was in any Sharp Action, nor was any of the Artillery; 
hut in what little I was, no one has dared to say I flinched. 
My Officers all swear, that when ever there was an alarm, 
I was one of the first in the Dattery : 1 think thats no mark 
of Cowardice. 

The fifth, that I denied the Boat to Brig' Wadsworth &c 
I left Cap^ Gushing as he relates: I had not gone far; he- 
fore I met most of my men, and some of my Officers. I 
asked them if they had any provisions, they told me no, there 
was some sheep, that swam on Shore, which they threw out 
of a Sloop ; I sett the men to catch some of them. I was 
then on the Edge of the I^ank. T saw my Boat a long-side 
one of the Transports gitting some Bread, (That day was our 
drawing day, but by Reason of the Confusion, we had not a 
mouthful of provisions.) I went down to the River, and 
called them to me; intending to have put all our Baggage 
on Board, and sent it up the River, and followed with my 
men ; I called to Lieu' Philips to take two men, and bring my 
chest, It was a small one which contained my Linen, some 
Instruments, and things of great Value to me; besides what 
little Money I had with me, just as the boat came; Brig"" 
Wadsworth came along He insisted they should go on board 
the Schooner, I refused at first, but afterwards Ordered her 
to go, and she did go, lie and I staid there till she came 
back, when she came back, he proposed their going, to tow 
her on shore, I told him, if lie would git another Boat she 

• Capt Williams In his Deposition, says he saw me on board the 
Vengance the 15 Augt 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 221 

should go; He went to try, wo parted good friends, As I 
thought: I waited half an hour he did not come, I then went 
to look for my men, they were gone from were I left them ; 
I supposing they were gone up tlie River, (for it was then 
Sun down. If your Honors will Compare the Evidence re- 
specting y" Situation of Cap^ Burks Vessel, with Cap* 
Maretts Deposition, You will find it agrees) I followed, 
and kept close to the edge of the River, expecting every 
moment to over take them. Lieu* Philips and Cap* New- 
comb swears to the rest. I never saw Brig"" Wadsworth after, 
till I saw him in Boston if I had, I should have made him 
some accknowledgement. The last charge is Malicious and 
false, as has been proved by all my Officers. 

As to the General matters; you are the judges, how far 
they ought to affect my Character; You must have seen, 
what pains were taken to git evidence and after all they have 
not proved, a single Crime against me. 

Gen' Wadsworth says, he did not see me so often as he ex- 
pected, when they were building the first Battery. Yet 
accknowledges I was there next day, and laved out the 
Embrasures, one Circumstance I forgot to mention, to him, 
on the examination, that he asked me about tbe platforms; 
I told him, as I was busey about the Cannon, I would send 
Cap* Lincoln, who was a Carpenter by trade, and He should 
see that they were properly laid ; he attended there con- 
stantly. I was twice in the Battery after that the same 
day. He says I always was opposite to him, in Sentiments 
on Councils of War. (I never before now; ever heard, that 
an Officer was called to account for Actions, at a Council of 
War. I beleive for the future, that Officers will be carefull, 
how they attend Councils.) Your Honors will see, that he 
is at least mistaken, if you will peruse, the Minutes of the 
Councils, you will find the first was held on board the War- 



222 DOCI'MENTAIJV IIISKiKY 

rcn -lulv l^f!. the socoikI on Doai-d ilic saiiio Ship, the 27"". 
1'here was nut aiiothcr hcM, at which \ was present till 
the Clli of Auiriist. IJie K*"" was another held ..n Ix.ard the 
Commodore, the 11"' another was held at the Generals 
!Ararkcc: These five, all was nnanim(»ns. I was at hut two 
Councils where there was a division ;' the first was the T'*" 
August, when we liad hecn there 12 days. (Tt always was 
my sentiments, that if we could not l)islod<j:e the Enemy in 
seven days, we ouiz:ht to (^uit the crouud ; for where the Enemy 
has the command of the Sea, and the fate of the Expedition, 
depends on the movements, on that Element, we ought not to 
have risijued so much as we did. 1 know Gen' Lovel was 
of the same sentiments, hefore we left Boston.) The other 
Council was on the 13"'; the day we retreated at Night. It 
appears to me a little extraordinary, that I should he called 
upon, for my sentiments, when there was so many agrce'd 
with iMc: the first Coum-il eight ; the second ten. Cap Todd, 
.M"" ^larston, and one more, swears that the Billet sent me hy 
the General, was after the SI"'- wherein he Ordered me to 
wait on Him, which I did, and he says I gave him full sat- 
isfaction, of what I had heen doing. Major Bromville 
swears that He delivered it to me on hoard the Transport, 
late in the evening, and that I was in hed; all the evidences 
agree, that I lodged on shore the 30^'' and did not lodge on 
hoard till the siege was raised. He !Major Bromville told 
you, he helieved it was the 20"' But Cap"" Gushing, wlio was 
not there with the Committee, when this matter was agetated, 
says He will swear it was the 29"' Cap~ Lincoln swears, it 
was the second day after we landed; M"" Speakman told him 
of the Billet ; and it is plain he was asked to carry it. surely 
he could not have told of it. if it was not wrote till several 
days after. The Reason wliy I kept on hoard the Transport 
the first two days, was merely for conveenancy. (Those who 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 22-3 

Judge it was from fear, Judge from their own feelings not 
from mine.) The Gen' tells you, he directed me to git the 
Cannon on shore with all expedition. I took Cap~ Cushings 
Company, as he and one of his Officers were Sailors, and 
several of his men; & the Vescl was handy to the shore and 
all our Baggage on board, and a hoat to fetch and carry us, 
we could have ])een to our duty ninch sooner than if wc had 
lodged in the woods, Besides we had but one field piece on 
shore, and their was a whole company to take care of that 
One of the Hon'''*' Committee mentioned ; there was danger 
of a Sortie, from the Enemy. If they had sallied, my men 
could have been but of little service, as their Arms were 
short, and the Bayonets, not eight inches long. And there 
was full as many men as was need full, for what cannon there 
was on shore. My particular business was to be where my 
cannon was. My Order from the State was to Conniuuid the 
whole Artillery. As you may see, by my instructions, in 
the Reccords of the Hon*^"^ Council of July 28"^ 

You will find by the Evidence of Lieu' Mclntirc that I 
gave Orders on the 30''' in the Morning, for Cap~ Cushings 
company to Encamp on shore that Xight. 

There was something mentioned a1)out a letter, wrote to 
the Hon'''^ Council by the General, which reflected on me: 
The General tells you it was because he thought I did not 
go up the River on the 1")^'' when he Ordered mo, and that 
I should not have gone home to Boston, with my men, with- 
out his Order. That 1 diil go up the River, has been fully 
proved. That I came home without his Orders is true; 
where could 1 have found either the General, or J>rigadicr, 
if it had been necessary to have got Orders, the first went 
100 Miles up Penobscot River, and the other down, and I 
crossed the woods to Kennebeck River. My Instructions 
from the Hon'''* Council to wliirb T rcfcrcd above, directs. 



224 KOCI'.MK.N TAKV lIlSToKY 

tliat 1 sliall '•(•licv (ifiicral I.nvcl, (ir oilii'i- my Superior Offi- 
cers (luriiij; the ('oiitimiaiu-c of the Kxpedition." Surely 
no man will sav. tliat the Kxi>e(lition was not discontiimed, 
when all the shippini^ was cither taken, or IJurnt, the Artil- 
lery and Ordinance Stores, all destroyed. I then looked 
nj. on it that I was to do, what I thou<];ht rifjht, Accordingly, 
1 Ordered them (my men) to Boston hy the shortest route, 
and that Cap' Cnsliini:; siiould march them, and give Certi- 
ficates for their subsistence on the Road. Why such instruc- 
tions were given me, some of your Honors are the best 
Judges. 

As 1 did not take any minutes on the examination, I have 
wrote my Defence as my memory served me; If I have made 
any material mistakes, I hope your Honors, will attril)ute 
it to my memory. I was in hopes to have delivered it before 
the last adjournment of the Committee; as I had the sid)- 
stance of it wrote, but there was not time. 

[Paul Revere's signature cut out-] 

■Read and accepted, & thereupon Resolved that the Hon'"" 
the Major part of the Council, be, and they hereby arc re- 
quested immediately to order a strict enquiry into the dis- 
obedience of the orders of this Court; for detatching 1,500 
I^Fcn for the service of the Penobscot expedition and to cause 
such punishment as the ^lilitia law provides to be inflicted 
on any of the Brigadiers or other ^lilitia Officers who may 
be found delinquent on such ciupiiry; and It is further Re- 
solved that a copy of this Report, and the Papers accom- 
panying the same, be transmitted by the Hon' Council with- 
out delay to the Hon"'" The Congress, that they may take 
such order thereon, as to them may seem most conducive to 
public Justice. 

An<l the Secretary is hereby directed to cause the Report 
of this Committee to be published in one of the P>oston News- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 225 

papers, as soon as the Court ^lartial now setting in Boston 
upon the Commodore shall be over. — 

Statement of Capl. Williams. 

Satt'^j 2-i^'' July 

Sailed from Townsend In Company with our Grand 
Fleet bound to Ponoljscut, about 7 P. ^I I Received Or- 
ders to go ahead of the fleet about 2 Miles, In Company 
with the Tyanaside, about 10 P.. M Being Calm We 
Came two Ankor, I Sent my boat on Shore With M"" Cun- 
ingham my Second Leiut, with orders If he found any 
men he would bring them on board, Some time after he 
Keturned and brought 3 j\ren with him, one by the name 
of Watterman, after Examine them I sent them on board 
the Comodore — Satt^ 25*'' In the Morning the fleet got 
under way Run ii}) tlic River, About 2 P.. M the Como- 
dore Came aLong Side of me In a Small Schooner, 
Ordere'd me to speak with the Generall and take his 
Orders, which I Did, his Orders were to Run in k Come 
too Ank"" Close In Shore On the West Side of Bragaduce, 
In Order to Cover there Landing, Soon after the Active 
and Ship Sally Came two Ankor for the Same Purpose 
the Enemy Appeared In Sight on the hight we keep a 
Constant fire on the Shore which Obleidge them to Retire 
Soon After the Troops ^ladc and Attempt to Land, but 
were Called back Again — 

July 26'*' A Counsell was held on board the Warren It 
was agreed that Each Vessel Should furnish a Number 
of Merines to take Possion of Banks Island under the 
Command of Cap* Welsh, with the Sloop Providence and 
Brig" Wallace, and Defence, they went down between a 
Island and the ^Nlain, It being Low Wattcr were Obleidge 

15 



226 DOCUMENTAKV IlISKUJV 

to Conic two Aiik"" Alioiit :) In tlio Afternoon, I went on 
Idii-tl the ( 'oniodore with Caj)' Ilcllint I'onnd tlie Generall 
there, ahout 5 o Clock we Saw the Sloop and a F>rif5" under 
way Tt beini:; Calm there Boats was ahead Toweing and 
Seemed In hiirh Spirits, the Comodore Seemed to he verey 
uneas(>y Sent liis Imi-uc' ;iiiil ()i'dcr('(l them oil 

I was \cr('y I'neasey that he should ('all them off, and 
Said a great deal about It, When his I5oat was half way 
Over, I begg'd for god sake, to Send and Countermand 
his Orders, upon that he Asked me, If I would go I was 
verey glad nf llie Oppertnnity, ('ap' llcllet offered to 
go with inc. After I got In tlic IJoat. he Called, to me 
told me that 1 might do as I thought Propper. When I 
Came there T found the ^ferines was Landed and his boat 
Was Comeing off, I went on shore and told Cap* Welsh 
that he was to Proceed, Soon after the troops was Sent 
over to them, 

27"' The ]\Ierines was Sent on board there Ships again, a 
Counsell Was held on board the Warren, It was Detter- 
mined to Land the troops that night at 12 "C." But were 
not Landed till Karlcy the next morning of y" 28'** under 
the fire of the ships for that Purpose — July 29*" — Coun- 
s(>ll was Called on board the Warren and all most Everey 
day after, If they may be Called Counsells, for the talk 
there by Some of the Gentlemen Was fitter for the fore 
Castle, then a T'omodore's Cabbin — One of the Gentlemen 
Expressed himselfe Severall times that he had Rather all 
the Penobscnt Expedition would go to hell, then he should 
Loose the Jjcnifit of his Cruse 

July SO"" A Counsell on board the Warren, the Comodore 
Aquainted the .Members, that the Generall did not think 
that It would be of any Service for the ships to go In, 
In his Present Suitiation, If we Could Xot take the ships 



OF THE STATi: OF MAIXE 227 

witliout (Iriveiiig the Men on shore, hut at the same time 
wonhl not hy any means Discourage It, the Xext Coun- 
sell that was Called was In Consiquence of a Desire from 
the Gener" to know If he would go In with the Ships or, 
not — It was agree'd that the Ships Should go for If the 
Generall should Storm the Enem'ys Grand Fort which 
was well known=:I beleive=by Every Member that he 
was not able to do It, I herd Cap* Kittchart Speak to the 
Comodore begging that he may not be Called again, the 
Comodore give for Ans"" that It was a Matter of Indul- 
gence that he had give him or any other Gentlemen, for 
after he had Got there Opinion he should abide by his 

own Some time afterwards Cap* Hacker offere'd 

a plan the most part of It was agreed on but not Put In 
Execution 
Augs* 1-3 Til the Monrmg a Counscll on Shore in Gen" 
Tent, hi the Afteniorm the Generall Marched out with 
part of his troops 1 being on Shore on bank's Island, 
with a number of Captains of the fleet, the troops >rarched 
Round the Enemy's works. About 6 I was Informe'd 
that the flagg was out for all Cap*^ I went down to my 
boat and Saw the Putnam under Sail, I went on board 
the Comodore with Capt Cathcart with me. Cap* Cathcart 
Asked the Comodore what was his Orders, he told him 
that the Enemy's Reignforcement was Comcing and that 
he must shift for himself e, I went on board the Hazzar'd 
and Got under way, Soon after It Growing Calm, we 
Came too Anchor, the Xex't ]\rorning I went on board 
the Comodore were he Seemed to be In great Confusion 
and give no positive Orders, Some time after I went on 
board the Warren again. Orders were to go to the North- 
ward of Long Island, I got in my boat, the Comodore 
Call'd me back and said that all the fleet, must go up the 



228 J)OCl'.Mi;.NTAl;V IHSIOK-Y 

Ki\'cr aiiil Make a Siaii<l I went on Kuard my l)rigt" 
juul i:;(»t iiiitlcr way as did all the llcot S(X)n after I was 
Inforiiu'd that the Si<:iiall was out for all to shift for thciii- 
selvcs, wc JiiineM up the Jiiver, and ahout 12 at Night 
Came to Andior, on Sunday ^rorning we got under way 
and Run up tlic River, Came too Anchor about 2 or 3 
Miles holow tlie falls, in ('niii])aiiy with the Sloop Provi- 
dence the I'.rig" Tyaiiacidc \- Dcllcucncc, Maj"" Todd Cap' 
Hacker Drown and ('athcart and niyselfe went on shore to 
linde a l*ropper phicc to fortify, = Tveturned on board the 
hazzard Cap* Haeker Brown Cathcart and myselfe went 
tlown the River, found Severall places tliat wouhl do, as 
we thought It most propper to go down to the Comodore, 
we went down the River on Imard the Vengencc Saw Col" 
Rever tliere thy told us that tliey were going to Seet fire 
to tliere shijnng and was ])rcparcing for the Same 
Col" Rever Told nic lie was going home — we then went 
down about 2 or :i Miles Mett Cap' Watters «S: T'homcs, 
\\\io Inform'd us that the Comodore was Landing his men, 
and was goeing to seet fire to his Sliip, . We then Returned 
to our Ships Found that the ilectoi-, I Mack Prince Mon- 
mouth S: Sally was C^ome up — Some of them was Land- 
ing there men = On my going on board my IJrig" my 
People all Come Aft told me tliat they herd that the Haz- 
zard Tyanaccide Providence and Dillegence were to Stay, 
and that, the Private Shij)s were to be burnt, and that If 
thy Stayed thy should be Mailc Prisoners, which made 
them verey rneasey,==I lold them to make themselves 
Easey, that If I was Obleidgc(l to I!urn my Brig" I would 
take Care of them, and geet a Pilot to Carrey us through 
the woods, I Required the Reason of the people Uneasy- 
ness Some of my Officers told mc that Some of the Ships 
People Swam on Poard and told them that there People 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 229 

was going home, and that them that Stayed would be taken, 

Soon, After Cap* Catchcart Came on board told me that his 

people was In the Same Sittuation that he was Obleidged 

to fire on them to Bring them On board again — that 

Night mv Boat Come from the Comodore with Gen" 

Lovell and my first Lieu' the Gener" Desired that I would 

Send my boat Down to the Comodore Assistance which 

was Complyed with Imediately, — Monday Morning — the 

Comodore and the Other Ships being Destroyed, and the 

Ships with us Prepareing to seet a fire, I was obleidge'd 

to prepare to share the Same fate with them, as our people 

being So verey uneasy, that It was Impossable to keep 

them from going -^^^the Ship ITector and Black prince 

being Sot on fire within half a pistoll Shot of us, were 

we are Laying in great Danger and not a boat on board 

and the Greatest part of my People on Board at the Same 

time SooTi after with the Assistance of Other Boats, we 

Got our people Landed; and Give Orders to seet fire to 

the Brig" which was effected — after all rest of the Ship- 

ing were Burn 

Jn° F Williams, 

Commander of the Brig Hazard 

The Deponent further adds — that it is his opinion that 
it was in the power of Our Fleet to have taken or de- 
stroyed the enemy's Shipping at any time before the arrival 
of their reinforcement, without tlie assistance of the land 
Army & without any considerable hazard to our Vessels — 
And it was his opinion, that had we taken them, the Fort 
must have surrendered — this I expressed to the Como- 
dore several times — Batenian P'sq"" the day after we went 
into the Harbour came on board the Comodore & inform'd 
him of the enemv's force by Sea & Land; advised him to 



230 DOCl'MK.N'IAKY IIISIOl;V 

go in immediafely <Sc attack tliciii, lie l»elievM they wouM 
surrendor directly — I fliiiik M' liced the Pilot fi:ave much 
the same account- There was no ('ouncil call'd tliat I 
know of to ('onsnlt i-espectin:^: the mode, or phicc of re- 
treat in Case of a Superior reinforcement arriving, or any 
orders to that purpose given hy the Comodore untill the 
reinforcement actually appear'd — Whenever any propo- 
sition was made for attacking the enemy's Ship*' the Com- 
odore open'd his Council l»y Preaching Terror, I would 
comonly say, what siiould we atdieive by it, in case we 
should destroy the enemys Shii)ing — The danger of de- 
lays, from reinforcements, was frequently urged in 
Councils — 

Jn° F. Williams 
Commander of tlie Brig Hazard 

The aforegoing Deposition, with the addition was sworn 
to in Court Sepf 2r>"' 1771J 

Attest O I'eabody Cler 

I further add that the Sailors got the 18 pounders out 
of the Vessels, landed them, and got them up the Hill, 
I had engaged to the (ien' that I would see it done, and 
accordingly Capt Cathcart (L' I attended, I do not recollect 
that T Saw a Soldier pull a Rope, or assist in getting up 
the Guns, I observed it in ilie time, & thought we had 
not the assistance from the iiain I expected — 

Jn° F Williams 

Captain Cath<'art on oath confirms the last addition of 

Cap' Williams 

Sworn to in Court k confirm'd by Cap' Cathcart as 

abovesaid — 

Attest O Peabody Cler 



OF THE STATE OF -MAINE 231 

Statement of Capt. Johnston. 

State of Facts that came within my knowlecltre whilst witli 

the fleet 

July 22"* At 5PM JoiiiM the Grand fleet in townsend, 
went on b"^ <fe recev'd A system of signals from Commodore 
Saltonstall, was order'd to attend a Consultation at the 
Rev** ]\r ^Murray's, in the Evening — Xothing Concluded 
on — no disposition for operation plan'd, General, or par- 
ticuhir 7 A ^1, In- desire Attended the Commodore — 
dispositions form'd for A naval Attack — Additional 
orders — 

23*^ Rec'd orders to sail with the Providence k Active be- 
fore the fleet on Observ" Rendezvous, Pendleton Harb"" 
on Long Island — At 3 AM got under way, & in Comp^ 
with the Providence ]\lade sail Ahead of the fleet, keeping 
in Shore — 

24"* At 2 P M open'd penobscot bay, stood over for y^ 
Rendezvous, & at 5 anchor'd there our fleet without, under 
sail till dark — At S Am weighed & Join'd the fleet & at 
Meridiem open'd the Harbour of Magabigaduoc the 
Enemy's naval force consist" of three small ships, moor'd 
with springs athwart the entrance — their works on shore 
appear in A feeble state by their fire — 

25^'' Fleet stand off & on, about 2PM the transports with 
three Armd Vessels anchor off the Head of the peninsula 
at 7 P ]\I the whole fleet having Anchor'd, ran down k 
came too, within the Commodore, at 4 A]\I the Commo- 
dore came alongside, & order'd me to drop in shore to Cover 
the Landing — About 7 Signal for All Cap'* went on Board 
the warren, Receiv'd orders to cover the lauding of the 
Marines on an Island which forms the starb** side of the 
Entrance, & where the Enemy had planted some small 
cannon 



232 ItOCr.MKN'I'AUV IIISIORV 

2G'" At 2 1' M flit" Marines l.cinir all ready in their Ixuits 
ran in liv liaienians Island luit having some Ledges on our 
Starh'' hand, over which we iiad not sufficient water, were 
ohlig'd to anchor till l/G flood, when we ran under the Is- 
land k hcgan our fire — the ^farines soon made A lodge- 
ment on the Island «Sc found it evacuated ."» 1' .M — in ahout 
an hour the first division of the land forces, JoinM the 
Marines on the Island, k next ^lorn*^ were employ'd in 
clearing roads (^' throwing up a paultry hreastwork 

27"" 8 P .M were inform'd hy hrig' Wadsworth that the 
troops were order'd off, cV tiie Island to he left to our Care 
— Sent my Marines on shore, k at day hrcak landed with 
my Crew, <k with Cap^ Hacker k his crew Ilaul'd up & 
Mounted the Cannon, Clear'd the woods, & between 9 & 
10 A^r. open'd with two 18 k one 12 pounders on the 
Enemy's shipping k kej)t up A warm fire till noon — this 
day our troops landed — 

28^'' Still employing our Guns to Annoy the Enemy, re- 
ceive a warm return fioni the Enemys ships, k batterys 
— lost 1 man killM: 1 hadly wounded in the works — At 
sunset having Cap^ Hacker's orders to desist ; left my 
^larines, k went on b'' with my Crew — G AM was in- 
form'd the enemy had warpd their shipping out of reach 
of our shot 

20^'" Signal for All Cap'*" did not Attend, being indispos'd 
from the fatigue of the proceeding day — At 7 AM went 
in my boat to the Head, ]\Iet the Commodore at the 
General's head (Quarters, k Ivoceiv'd his Commands to 
Sail tor Frenchmans hay in (^ucst of A schooner of the 
Enemy's that had plunder'd a Xumber of the iidiabitants 
there — to stop all Craft I met on the Coast that I was 
apj)rchensive of, k send them up — Also to sieze the per- 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 233 

sons of A number of tories & send them & their stock to 
Magabigaduce, I reqiiir'd written orders but was put off 
with their not being necessary. — 
30^'' Unmoor & haul'd from under the Island, at G P M 
strech'd out by the Shipping, a strong flood tide prevented 
my beating down the bay, stood over & anchored under 
Long Island — At 4 AM weigh'd & beat down the bay, & 
at 7 Doubled cape Roziere & lost sight of the fleet 
James Johnston 
then Commdr of Arm'd Brig* Pallas 
Sworn to in Court Sep' 25"^ 1779 

Attest O Peabody Cler 

Capt. Ilallet's Statement. 

Saturday July lO'*" 1779 

I weigh'd Anchor and made Sail from ISTantasket Road, 

in Company with the Sloop Providence, Brig Pallas & Ten 

Sail of Transports bound to Falmouth — 

IS"" Arrived at Falmouth and came to anchor — 

IG'*" Sail'd in Company with the Sloop Providence on Dis- 
covery agreable to my orders from the Hon' Board of War, 
until such time as the Grand Fleet should arrive at the 
Eastward — 

22°*^ Join'd the whole Fleet at Townsend, in Company with 
the Sloop Providence, & Brig Pallas waited on the Commo- 
dore and gave him an Account of my proceedings — 

23"* ]\[ade Sail in Company with the whole Fleet for Penob- 
scott — 

25'** Arrived at, and came to anchor of Bagaduce at 3 P M. 
rec'' orders to cover the Landing of the Troops in Company 
with the Brigs Hazard & Tyrannicide & Ship Sally, The 
Troops made an Attempt to Land, but loft the Shore in a 
very Short time the reason unknown to me — 



2;'>4 DOCM-MKNTAKV IIISTOKY 

20"' A I'artv ol' .Marines and .Militia landed on k. possessed 
themselves of I>ank\s Island which occasioned the Enemy's 
Sliijis t(» ni(t\c farther np the luxci", lull no Landinir Kf- 
fected, or Attempted ai:ain on IJuifjiduce 

28"' The Troops made a l.andinir on F)airadnce and 
possessed themselves of the Heights, the Knemv's Force 
by Land at the same time retired to their Fort, after this T 
was emplo\M most, or a ( 'onsiderahle part of my timewitli 
my Officers and Men Assistiiiir in hanlinii: nj) the heavy 
Cannon on the heights of Bagaduce, untill the 30"' Ins' 
when I rec'' orders from the Commodore to Cruise in Com- 
pany with the I!rig Diligence of the Month of the liay in 
order to make the earliest Discoveries of an Enemy's Ap- 
proach which orders, I execnted, and on the 13"' Ins* 2 P M. 
Discovered five Sail Standing into the Bay — immedeately 
ask'd Cap' Brown's opinion thereon, who gave it they were 
Large Ships, I then desired Caj)' 15rown to hare away and 
inform the Commodore of the Fleet, then in Sight, at the 
same time inform'd Cap' Brown I would keep my wind to- 
wards them, for a father Discovery which I did untill the 
Fleet appeared Seven in Xnmher, and the headmost Ships 
within Four Mile of me, being now Convinced by their 
Motion they were Enemy I made all the Sail I Could for 
our own Fleet — The 14"" Ins' I came up with and Join'd 
our FTeet and inform'd the Commodore to the best of my 
Judgment the forse of the Fleet then in Sight, (supposed 
to be an Enemy) It was the opinion of the Commodore and 
a nmnber of the Commanders that our Fleet was vastly in- 
ferior to that of the Enemy's of Consequence the Risk too 
much to engage them — a Motion was made to move up 
Penobscott River where we might with the help of the 
Militia, make a Stand and Protect our Shipping, or at last 
Burn them and save our Crews from being Captives 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 235 

I continued my way up the River untill I found Cap' 
Williams, Hacker, Brown & Cathcart in their several Ves- 
sels at Anchor, I went on board Cap Williams and ask'd 
him what his opinion was of the l\ratter wether the Ships 
were to be protected or Burnt, he inform'd he did not know 
— but agreed to act in Conjunction in what ever might be 
thought expedient On the 16"' Ins' Xine A. ]\1. rec'* In- 
telligence that the Warren, Vengeance, Putnum & Sky 
Rocket were Consumed, the ^liltitia Scattered the Private 
arm'd Ships around us on Fire, I Landed my men in Com- 
pany with Cap'^ Hacker William's, Cathcart, Brown & 
Holmes and with them Committed my Vessell to the 
Flames 

Allen Hallet 
Commander of States Brig Active 

Boston 25'^ Sep"" 1779 

During the four days that I continued in the Harbour 
of Bagadoose, It is my opinion we might have attacked & 
destroyed the enemy's fleet without any assistance from the 
land Army, & I was supprised that they did not go in dur- 
ing that time. About five days before the arrival of the 
enemy's reinforcement I was on board the Comodore's 
Ship where a Council of War was then sitting to consider 
Cap' Hackers plan, k it was there proposed to send a body 
of Marines to assist Gen' Lovel in cutting oif the retreat of 
the enemy's Sailors The Comodore then turn'd to Cap'^ 
West & Carnes, & I know not but Cap' Brown also, & asked 
them how many Marines they could furnish, they answer'd 
none — I then made on oifer of fifty, of which he took no 
notice — Capt Williams I think said he could furnish 
about thirty or thirty-five & Cap' Cathcart said he could 
furnish about twenty-five — The Comodore took no notice 



2.'^0 DOCUMi;.\iAi.-Y iiisroiiv 

of this. I caul sav he licard it — but it was spoken loud 
A: in ("onncil — After this I asked the Comodore twice If 
he did not cxccvitc this plan, wliat he expected to do. He 
made nic no answer, hut turuM from me. T am sure he 
must have heard me — I heard the Comodore ask what ad- 
vantage it would be to take enemy's Ships which we found 
there, to which I answered if thev are not taken they will 
be ready to join iIh." enemy's reinforcement if any should 
arrive 

Allen Ilallet 
The above Deposition, with the addition below was 
sworn to in Court Sep"" 25^'' 
Attest 

O Peabody Cler 

Tealunony of Lieut. George Lillle. 

I George Little of Lawful Age do testify and Say the fleet 

under the Command of Comodore Saltulstul Arived at 

Ponobscut the 25''' of July— 1779 

July 28^'' We Landed our land force under the Command 
of Gen""" Lovell on Bragaduce after a Warm Reception, 
one or two days after Landing I herd Gen" Lovell Say that 
he was then Ready for the Comodore to go in and Attack 
the Enemy's Ships — 

29 ^ SO"* The Hazzard and Tryanaside, Active, and Sally, 
with Officers and Men, Imploy'd Landing the Artillerey 
and Gceting them up to the fort with the Assistance of 
the Officers and men Belonging to the Same — On or 
about the 5"" of Augs' The Comodore Sup'd on Roard the 
Ilazzard I li(i<l him Ask'd the Gentleniens at table wliat 
advantage it would be to go and take the Enemy's Shiping 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 237 

After the Ridouts being taken I v.ent In and Sounded 
the Harhour with 19 men In a flatt Bottom boat there 
found no Less then 4 fathom watter — upon which I went 
on a boy of the Enemys Ankor which theay Slip the Second 
or third day of our Arrivell within Muskett Shott of there 
Ships and Weighed the Ankor, Send It on Board one of 
the Transports, the Morning following went and weighed 
Another at Some distance from there Shiping one Con- 
sisting of 20V the Other of 14V wath 120 fathom of 17 
Inch Cable and 60 fathom of 11 Inch D° 

About the 9''' or lO'" of August, By order of Cap' Wil- 
liams I went with 50 iMen on Board the TIamden to man 
her as I suppose'*! to grand Attack the Enem'y About the 
Same time the Comodore Boats being Imploy'd In Bring- 
ing off Loggs to Build a Brest Work on his fore Castle — 
Before I left the Hauthnti I Perceived It was firnished — 
After being two days on lioard Received Orders to Repair 
on board of our Own Vessels again — I have Offtcn Herd 
Cap' Williams Cap' Kithchart say that from the first 
Counsell of war that the Comodore being always preach- 
ing Terro Against going In the Harbour to Attack the 
Euemeys Shiping L 
Aug^' 13'^ At 6 P. M A Reignforcement of the Enemys 
appearing In Sight which a Signal being given for all 
Armed Ships to gcet under way — then got under way 
beating towards tlicm fell Calm So that we were Obleidge 
to Ankor again — there Lay till Six the Xext JMorning — 
then three Ships of the Enemys being In Sight from the 
Deck — Between 11 or 12 the Remainder of the Reign- 
forcement appeareil In Sight A Signall from the Com- 
odore being given for all Cap''^ to Come on IJoard — Cap* 
Williams Went on Board and Returned Al)()ut 2 °C' 
Given Orders to Geet under wav which being done Imedi- 



238 DOCr.MK.N TAK'V IIISIOKV 

ntelv- T iiskcd liini were lie was l»<)iiii<l with the llri^" 
lie aiiswcrM iiic llic licet was lMmii«l up the head of the 
Kivcr — 1 ad\ise<l him to heat IJoiiikI Li'ii^ Island head 
and i:«t ih>wn the West Si(h' (A' the Island he told me It 
was the ()r(KTs I'mm the Cumodorc to proceed Imediatcly 
up the River whi.-h he must Ohey At 3 P. . M— = The 
Shij^s al)o\-e .Meuliniie(l the ( 'dmodore, Ask'd the Gentle- 
men what Advantage li would lie to take them — Imedi- 
ately Came out and downed there Ilespcctive fleet and 
Chasoinu' us up the Jviver — tlu^ (Vnnodore Leavcing Num- 
her of the Transports hi his Kear and Xever Discharge'd 
So niueh as one Stern Chase at the Enemy — whilst the 
Enemy keeping np a ('onstant tire on Diifr* of our Ships 
— Tmediately the Greatest Part of onr Transports Knne'd 
Ashore, the Ordincnee Prig" Amongst them — were the 
most })art was Sot on lire — 
Anffs' 14'" Al 1 P.— M — Generell Lovell Came on hoard 
the Hazzard Just l)elow the narrows — when Ahont 2 miles 
al)0ve the narrows Gen" Lovell l^esired me to take The 
l>oat and go with Afajor Tod to the Narrows to Enqnire 
after his I'amilx that lie Supposed to he in one of the Trans- 
ports, I Imediately Oheye'd with Gap* Williams Consent 
hut Conld not here of any of them — Returning hack I 
Saw Cap' Purk ship to Ankor Ahove the Narrows After 
Sun Sect — I asked him the Reason of his Lycing there 
when the Remainder of the fleet ^vere Makeing the hest 
of there way up the K'iver — he Ansr'' Tne his men had 
Gone a Shore and he was going to huiii his Ship — I 1 )e- 
sirc'd him not to hum his Ship Put that 1 would go np 
th(! Rivei- and Sen. I ijouii Ilnals to assist his Ship up If 
possahle — heforc 1 had Got half way to the Shiiting up 
the River. — I perceived he had Sot his Ship on fire, 
heincr ahont f^ in the iM-cninir. then T Proceeded on l)oard 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 230 

the Hazzard were She was to Ankor Just In- Ball'd head — 
Sunday 15 Aiig^ A boat was inaiie'd for Gen" Lovell to go 
down the River to Collect his troops to fortify at the head 
of the River to protect the Shiping — Cap^ Thomas and 
myselfe with Seven ^Icn to Assist him- — Proceeding down 
the River ]\reet the Sloop Piggeon Cap' Little with CoP 
Revere on Board — were Gen" Lovell Ordered him to Col- 
lect his Corps Together what, he Could and Geet what 
Artillery It was Possable up at the head of the River for 
there he was determined to fortify — CoP Reveres Ans"" 
was that the 15rig" witli the Ordinence was 1)unit Like- 
wise the Transports with Intrenching Tools=the Gen" 
Replyed he would geet Artillerey out of the Shiping= 
then proceeded on board the Warren were She Laved at 
Marsh bay aground — then Discovered the Ordinence 
Brig" About 3 ^Milcs down the River with all tlio Sail Seet 
a ground 5 or Six Miles from were She was Left the night 
before=Gen'"" Lovell Requested of Cap' Thomas and my- 
selfe with the Crew to go down and see If It were I^ossabk; 
to Geet her oil' and bring licr up the River=with Some 
Difficulty we got her otf^the Comodore (Jot his Ship off 
and Proceeded up the River which we followed After. 
About 8 or 10 Miles two Ships of the Enemy's being In 
Chase the tide of Ebb ^Likeing and but a Little wind Tt 
Obleidged us to l)ring two An Ank"" In Sialit of the war- 
ren — Al)ont ()n(> h(»ui- tlic Mi-ceze Sprnng up to the S" 
W were we weiglied Ank' with the two Enemys Ships 
In Chase==then we perceived the Comodore a Landing of 
his Men^=we Excerted ourselves to geet the Brig" above 
the Warren were we Expected to be Safe from the Enemy 
the wind dyeing again and Strong Ebb Rnning Came 
two again=:then we found It was Impossal)le to Save the 
Brig" from the Enemy — were we thought It Prudent to 



240 DOtU'.MK.NTAIIY 11ISI(»|;V 

burn licr=:Aftcr SoiiiUnij; two I'.ni" Hour ashore to the 
C'oininaiuler of the Moninouth then Ihiriit the Brig" the 
Enemy pcrceiveing the l^rig" on fire=Imedintely 
AnkorM = then went mi IJoaid of Waircii were I found 
Gen" Lovell Begging the Coniodore not to Burn his Ship 
two of the Eneniys Ships In Sight al)Out 2 ^liles Dis" 
the (\imodore tlien Asked me what more he (\)uhl do T 
Jieple'y he had done imthing as yet I AskeM liiin the 
Reason wliy lie did not fire his Stern Cliasers Comeing 
up the liiver to Cover the Transports=his Ans"" was what 
good would Tt done, the Enemy would fire again,, I 
ansr'' liiiii the Transports might got up the River If he 
had plavt'M his SUm'ii ('liascrs or kcej) the Large Ships In 
the Rear to (^over them, I advised him to geet Springs 
on his (\d)lcs and Geet his Eighteen powndcrs on one 
side and Defend the Ship as Long as possable=as Its Im- 
possablc for more then one Ship to Engeage you at a time 
and T would Stay on board and Assist him His Reply 
was that this would be Means for the Enemy to geet his 
Ship I told before the Enemy should have the Ship I 
Would Seet fire to the ^fagazine^His 2'' Leiu^ Replyed 
there was as good or I'cttor men on Doai'd then I was and 
he had Orders to l!nni her If She was to be Burnt 1 
answer'd him he nor his Commander had not Shown them- 
selves If they werc^he Asked me If I Know what Ship 
I was on board=I Ans""^ the Warren and told me to take 
Care what I Said on Boai-d the Ship I Replyed I Should 
sec liim on Shore were [ Should be as good a Man as he 
was=:Gen" Lovell OiTercil his Service to Stay on board 
and Assist him all that Laycd in his power=the Coniodore 
Replyed he thought It would be best foi- hjni to go up the 
River the ricii" toM him lie \v(iiil<l and ()i'(U'r a l)oat from 
Everey Ship to Come down to his Assistance which the 



OF TIIK STATE OF MAI.NE 241 

Comodore Complyed With=and Parting the Gen" !Men- 
tioned It would be worth \\'hile to Cut a Rhode threw to 
Keneheck If we never Saved the Ships to save Guns Sails 
and Kiggen — then proceeded on board Cap' "Watters De- 
sired him to Send his Boat to the Assistance of the Como- 
dore Cap' Watters Replyed he would and Geet his Ship 
to tlic head of tlic liiver as Soon as possable — then Pro- 
ceeded up the River to the Vengence the Gen" Requested 
Cap' Thomas to go on board the Comodore and Send his 
boat Dowai to Assist up the Warren — He Replyed' his 
men was all on Shore and he was going to Ihirn his Ship= 
the Gen" perswaded him not to l)urn his Ships by many 
Arguments but to geet his Ship to the head of the River 
were he was determined to fortify and to defend the Ship- 
ing — Replyed Cap' Thomas you may have my Ship== 
on Ans"" the (Jcii" Said lie would Except her Rather then 
have her nuiiil riieii ])ro('ccded and went a Long Side of 
Every Ship that was above us=Gen" Lovell Requested 
that all Ca})"" of the Armed Vessells would go on Board 
the Comodore and Land a Loat from Each Ship In Order 
to geet the Warren up the Ttiver as Soon as the Tide 
Should Make=Cap' of the Severall Ship Complyed with 
the Request Except Cap' West of the Hector Cap' Carncs 
of the Black Prince who Said they had Landed there men 
and Said they were going to bni-n there Ships, Gen" 
liOX'cll Rccpicstcd thcni Not to burn there Sliii)s by no 
means for they would b(> Able to Defend them with 500 
men the State liad belter be to the Expence of ^L1intain- 
ing a 1000 men Untill they Could Send to franco for 
Shiping to geet them out of the River and I make no 
doubt but that they would=he would Call in the Millitia 
and Cut a Rhode threw to Kenebeck River and geet Pro- 
vissions that way, and If the Ships Could never be got out 

16 



242 DOCrMKNTARY IllSIOKY 

It would 1)(.' wiirtli wile hi (Icct (Jims Sails Itig<^i;n ;i Cross 
to Koueltock, If ('imld nul Save flie Sliips — ^=Hepl_ved 
Ca])' riioiiias ('a)t' ('anis ( "aj)' W'csl llic I'jicmvs Ships 
would lie uji llic lii\('i- hi llic M-uiiim: aliout, (tiie In tlie 
Moruinji; iVrivcd on IJoaril the lla/./.ard den" Lovoll Ro- 
(lucstt'd (^ip' Williams to Scud his I>oat on Doard the 
Comodore=Imediatcly Sent a Crew and a OlHccr to As- 
sist liini — (^aj)' ^\'i]lianls heiuii,- \'erev Desireous to for- 
t\ t'y to Protect the Ships 15nt the Private property Ships 
had Sot the Divell Tn liis Peo[)le hut he pasefyed them 
airain Soon after ('a])' l\itchai-t Came on Poanl aud 
Said his pe<i])le was lu the Saiue Condition t.^' took the 
Boat from Long Side withont Leave to go ashore hut lie 
OrdereM tlu^ Centnrys to fire at tliem and feteli them a 
hoard which Accordingly did and i)ut them Tu Ti'ons 

Angs' 

KV" Ahout S In the -Morning Saw the Black Prince 
and hector CJn fire Laying in Pistoll Shott of the Hazzard 
where heing In Great Danger of there Shott and Racks=^ 

l!y Cap' W'illiaiMs hihei-ty took a Hoat and Proceedcvl 
])own the River After Passing the two Ships Being on 
fire=wlieu they lUew up there Shott aud Timher flew 
verey thick up aud Down the River 1 1 uiinauinc that 
iIk' .Men on Hoard the Tryauaside and ha/.zard heing in 
Great Danger IJciu^ hut a Siuall hislauce from the Ships 
on fire then ]*rocceded down the lJi\ci- were I Saw the 
Comodore Slinging liis Pack for a March — 

(k'orii'e Ivittle First Leiii' 
of the State llriii" lla/.ard. 
Sep' 25"' Swoi'u to in ('ourt, — - 

L' Little's Depositi.m Attt O Peahody Cler 

Ques' Whether it was in the Power of the Fleet without the 



OF TIIK STATE OF MAIXE 248 

assistance of Gen' Lovoll to take or demolish the enemy's 
fleet 

Ans"" Yes, with the greatest ease at any time before the 
arrival of the reinforcement 

The Deponent adds that in his passage up the liiver 
abreast of Cap* Grants he heard the Gen' hail CoP ]\ritchel 
& told him to re])air with what men he could collect to the 
head of the river, that the Sloop Pidgeon was there with 
provisions And also that it is his opinion that our Ships 
could have rec** no damage 

Ques' Save in their Masts & Rigging in going in to attack 
the enemy or coming out after, Their Hulks T think would 
have been quite out of danger — 

The aforegoing Deposition and the answer to the Ques- 
tions Sworn to in (Jourt. Sep* 25*'' 

Attest O. Peabodv Cler 



Stalnnenl of John Cathcart. 

Monday July lit"' got under way from Nantaskett in 
Company with the fleet, at 1) A M the (\mini()d(»i'c sent me 
orders to make sail & proceed to Portsmouth to inquire for 
the Ship llamden At P M came to Anchor of Rye 
l)each, I went in my Pinnace & found that the Ship 
Hamden had saild the iMorning before, I tlicn came; on 
board and got undci- way, Tuesday 20 About (I A M. .loiii<l 
the Fleet, & on Wednesday 21 came to Anchor in Townsend 
harbour were we found the Ship Hamden & a Number of 
Troops. On Saturday we hove up & made sail for Ponob- 
scutt, the Fleet in Company, about 7 P M RecevM orders 
to go a he;id of the l^Mcct in ("onipany with tlic lla/.ai'd to 
make what Discoveries we could of the Enemy. About 10 



244 i>ocr.MK.N"rAi:v imsiok-y 

p lu bein;;' Calin wc coini; to Andinr iV scut mii' Doats a shore 
& brought olT ■". Inhabitants cV sent ihcm on boanl tlie i\nn- 
luodorc On Saliiivhiv iT. in thr \birnin<; the Fleet ^ot 
nn(h'r uav iV run np the Ki\-ei-. about .'» p ni the fleet eame 
ill si^ht of the Kneinv's Forts of Shii>i)ini,% tlie ( ommodore 
gave me or(h'rs to keej) upon his Starlioard (Quarter to earry 
orders to ships wlien to coine to Anchor, About 4 p in tlie 
Commodore went on board a small Schooner iS: 1 beleive 
gave Orders to some of the Ships to run in within gun sliott 
of the Enemy, & fire their Broad sides k run out again wich 
some of them did & recevM the Kiiemy's fire, at the same 
time the Transports run uj) about half a Mile from Haga- 
duee Point cV came to Anchor eV three Armed Vessels with 
them — About 7 P -M I came to Anchor, the Troops made 
an Attempt to land but wcie obliged to come back. Mon- 
day 2(> About 1 A .M the ("ommodore came alongside & 
ordered me to run elose in shore to cover ibc Landinu' (»f the 
Troops, At 5 p m the Marines under co\er of the Slooji 
Providence Brigs Pallas dv Defence Landed & took 
possession of Panks Island, were a Battery was Imme- 
diately Erected, wich oblig'd the Enemv''s Ships to go 
farther up ihc River -Wednesday lis lleiiun the lire on the 
a Nund)er days (.V Indeed most part of the time, aftt'r this 
shore to cover the Landing of Troops, wich was Elfected for 
my Sailors were imploy'd in Dragging ("aiinon up the Hills 
to the Intrenchments i: the Marines on shore with the 
Tr()(j]»s, till Fryday - Au^^ust i:)' when 1 was on shore at 
J!aid\s Island to see our Tinops niari-h round the Fneniys 
works, at (j p in I was told that the Signal was out for all 
Captains to come on hoard the Commodore, I went down 
to my boat with Capt Williams & Ilowing off I discovered 
o Sail. I went on board the Commodore he mentiond that 
their was a Peinforcemeut of the Enemy coming, I asked 



OF THE STATE OF :NrAIXE 245 

liiiu what were bis orders, he told me to shift for myself, I 
then went on hoard i: with tlie rest i)f the Fleet got under 
way when it was growing Calm and being Ebb Tide we 
Avere obligd to come to Anchor. Xext Morning, I went on 
board the Commodore again were some of the Captains w^ere 
for going round the west side of Long Island & others for 
going up the River & make a Stand about 3 p m tlie Com- 
modore told Capt Williams that all the fleet were to go up 
the River & make a stand on wich the whole fleet got under 
way, the Enemy Pursuing us, At about 12 p m came to 
Anchor, on sunday morning we got under way & run up the 
River & came to Anchor a few Miles below the falls in 
Company with the Hazard Sloop Providence & Brig Dili- 
gence, I then went on Shore in Company with Cap^ Wil- 
liams Hacker & Brown to see if their was any Proper places 
to fortify & we found Severall that would do — I thinking 
it most proper to go down to the Commodore, we went in 
our Boats & went on board the Vengeance were they told 
us they was going to sett fire to their Ship, we then went 
down about 3 Miles & met Cap' Waters & Cap' Holmes who 
inform'd us that the Commodore was landing his men & 
was going to sett fire to his Ship, we Returned to our Ves- 
sels & found that the Hector Black Prince Monmouth & 
Sally & Active were — come up & that the three first were 
landing their men I went alongside Cap' Williams, on 
going on board, all his men (;anie aft & told him that they 
heard that the Hazard Tvrainiicide Providence tlic Diligece, 
were to stay & that the Rest were going to leave them to be 
made Prisoners & they were verry uneasy — but he told 
them to make themselves easy. I then went on board of my 
Vessell, were I found my People in the same Situation, as 
the Hazards & they said they should be kept till they were 
starv'd or made Prisoners. I desir'd them to be contented 



246 liuciMK.NIAKV II IS'l'Ol.'Y 

& stay liy luc that if J should 1)C uhli;^t'(l \o g(j away. I wouM 
take care of them so as they should 1)C provi<le<l witli j)ro- 
visioiis «i: e\x'rry dthcr uasaccssary till they cdidd cdiiic to 
some place were tlii'v could shift for themselves this most 
of them seamed to he easy <S: coutented to stay, verry soon 
after I went into my Cahin cV hearing a Noise upon Deck, 
I came up & found that some of my People had stole the 
^':iwl »V- were going on slioi-c upon witli 1 oidcrcd tiic .M;ii-iues 
to fire upon them & hring thciii alongside wich they did, I 
immediately ordered them in hous. ^londay ^lorning f)n 
seeing most of the Ships prcpareing to sett fire, thought it 
most prutlent to order 7 days Provisions for cai-h man for 
fear we should he ohliged to leave our Vessell, I went on 
board Cap' Williams as we had Detiremend before to pro- 
tect our Vessells till we couM hear from Poston & Receive 
orders but the Commodores Ship & the Ships below being 
DestroyM, '■'> Sliii)s \: a Sloojt being on lire at a vvvvy I.ettle 
Distance from us & my men quit uneasy, that I was Com- 
peld to share the fate of the other Vessells. 

John Cathcart Comander 
of the States Prig Tyrannicide 
Sept 24 Sworn to, before the Comittee 

Attest Oliver Peabody Cler. 

Questions asked Capt. Cathcart «!v his answers — 

Question. Whether it was in liie j>owcr of the Fleet to 
take or demolish y" Enemy's lleet without the assistance 
of Gen' Lovell ? 

Ans"" It was, and the Grand ff)rts too, tlusre being ISOO 
Seamen & Marines, at any time till within three Days 
before the arrival of the enemy's reinforcement 

Quest" What accounts did tlu; Men give you which you 
took oil from Fox Island? 



OF THE STATE OF ^fAIXE 247 

Ans*" They said that the enemy had only One 20 Gun Ship 
& two Sloops of War & that their Works had very little 
done to them — these ^len I sent on board the Warren to 
be examin'd 



Resolve. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Septem 27, 177!) 
Resolved that the Board of War be and they are hereby 
directed to furnish each of the two Indians now in the Town 
of Boston belonging to the Penobscott Tribe, with a suit of 
Clothes & a gun, — And that there be, either a Truck House 
erected, or some other building Suitable for the purpose of a 
Truck House, hired or taken up for y" term of one Vear, at 
or near Fort Hallifax or the Entrance of Sebastacook River 
that Col° Josiah Brewer be aj)pointed Truckmaster, at said 
Truck House for the Term of one Year, who shall be fur- 
nish'd by the Commissary Gen' of this State with the Several 
articles mention'd in the Schedule accompanying this resolve, 
or so many of them as can be procured, he the said Truck 
master giving the Commissary Gen' his rec^ for the same. — 
And it is further Resolved that the aforesaid Truckma"" 
shall give his Bond with Two Sufficient Sureties to the Treas- 
urer of this state for y'' Sum of Five Thousand pounds, con- 
dition'd that none <d' the Sujiplies for y" aforesaid I'riu-k 
House, shall be sold at any other place but the Truck House, 
nor to any other person or person but to the Indians. — That 
there shall be no more advance put on the articles sold to 
the Jiidiaiis, tlinii ihe cost of Transportation. I'liat all the 
Skins & Furs of every kind, he shall purchaise of the In- 
dians shall be sent to the Commissary Gen' of this State, 



248 ii()cr\ii:NiAi;v iiisrouv 

iiccoiupaii veil with ;i \':\\v iV Inic ;icc' uf |i:irt idiLirs wliat lie 
pivc the linliaiis tor y'' same at tlic cihI of Six riKiiitlis, and 
in like manner, at the end u[' 'rwclvc Months and shall coni- 
jik'at ami Settle his ace'" as TiMiek master with \\\v. ( "om- 
misary at the end of said 'I'wolvo months and it is fnrlher 
Kesolved that said 'rrnckmastcr slndl have Sixty pounds 
j>er month t<n" the first six inoiillis, for his service, and the 
('ommisary (ien' is diicded to Iodi:(' an attested eo[)V of the 
aforesaid aec' delivered him hy the Truck Master into tiie 
Secretary's office, and dispose ol the Skins »!c Furs he shall 
receive from y*^ said Truckiuaster agreeable to the future 
orders of the Gen' Court — 
In Council Septem 27'" 1779 

Sent up for C(»ncurr(!nc(^ 

John Hancock Spk"" 
Read & Concurreil witli the 
Amendments at A li \' (' and at I) 
Sent down for ('oncurreuce 

dohn Avery I) Secy. 
Ai A dele, there he and Insert the Hoard of War he and 
hereby are impowered and directed to Cause 
At I> A: C insert to be 

At 1): and that they employ some Suitable Person to 
Accom})lisli this lousiness — 

In the House of Jtteprcsentatives Sepf 27^'' 1779 
Kead & ( onciirred 

• lohn Ilaiic()ck Spk"" 
Consented to — 

Jer: Powell B White A. Fuller 

A Ward- T. Dauielson Sam Xiles 

Sam' Adams 1). Davis N Cushiug 

T. Cushing J Stone Sam'l Baker 

J. Fisher Jn" Pitts X CJoodwin 



OF TIIF, STATE OF ^rAI^■E 249 

Resolve. 

State of Massacliusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Sep"" 27"' 177'J 

Resolved that the IJoard of War he ^: they are liei'ehy 

directed to furnish each of the two Indians now in the Town 

of Boston, hclon^ing to the Penohscot Trihe, with a Suit of 

Cloaths & a Gun — And that tlie Board of War he and here- 

hy are impowered & dii-ecttcd to Cause either a Truck 

House to he erected, or some other huildiii^' suitaltk; f(jr the 

purpose of a Truck House to he hired or taken uj) for the 

term of one year, at or near Fort Halifax or the entrance 

of Sehastacook liivcr that they employ some suitable Person 

to accomplish this Business — 

Sent up for C'oncurrence 

Joliu Hancock Spk"" 
In Council Sep^ 27'" 177'J 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D S^ 

Consented to by the Major Part of the Council 

True Copy 

Attest John Avery I) S^ 

True Extract from the Original 

Attest Jos. Chapman pr S^ 



Petition of Jabez Meigs. 

Boston Sept' 27'" 1779 
To the Honorable the Council ^ the Honorable The House 
of Representatives of the State of Massachusetts Bay 
In General Court Assembled — 

The Memorial & Petition of Jabez Meigs Commissary 
appointed by the Honorable Assembly of State to Supply 



250 i)OCi'Mi:.\'i'Ai;v iiis'iouv 

the Troops at I-'aliiKHiili, I Iniiililv represents tliat lie liatli 
in the late Ahiriiis lia<l the a<l(lili(Hial lliir<h'ii of the Militia 
(calle<l in to defcnil the Town aii<l those adjacent) to supply 
with provisions whieh with the snpplyinfi; the other Troops 
have ohligeil him to incnr an expenctc of ahont four TlionsaTid 
Pound more than he hath ree'' from the Puhlick and hath 
now on hand only one Tlutusand weii<!;ht of I'dour and no 
other provisions — that he hath hccn Hn the late Alarms & 
distress) ohliiied to take Creatures for heaf where lie could 
find them and hath engaged to pay for them inuncdiately. 
And is now unable to make further provisions for the troops, 
the Quakers who are niuneroiis in tlu; Town refusing to sell 
unless for Hard money, ^'onr Petitioner therefore humhly 
pr.iys that he nuiy he enabled to discharge the debts lie hath 
contracted and furthed enabled to supply P. for us in such 
way as your Honors see fit. As in Duty IJound &c 

Jabe/, Meigs 



Deposition of Dan^ Waters. 

July 23., 1779 Townsend — 

Embarked, the Troops on Board the Transports — 

24 At 3 O'clock in the morning a Signal for Sailing — 
Fleet all got under way — At 9 or 10 O'Clock P M a 
Signal for the fleet to Anchor — Came to Anchor in Pro- 
nobscot Bay u])(>]\ the North side of an Island — 

2.") At r, O'clock in the morning a Signal for weighing 
at Aboot eleven or twelve Clock (Jap Brown in the Brig 
Diligence was head of all the Fleet — Sent his Boat on 
Shore Brought a man on board the Commodore which gave 
an Ace" of the Knemies works not being Corapleated. that 
he did not know wether there was any Cannon Mounted 



OF Tin-; STATK OF MAIXE 2."il 

in them or not and tlioy liad a])Oot TOO or SOO of Troops 
and gave Acc° of 3 Ships of war and not one of them their 
Compliment of men — 

20 Aboot M: R we Came up to the River Bagaduse, so as 
to Discover the Ships and their works we saw the '3 Ships 
in A Line — After our Stretching off and on for some- 
time the Commodore went on hoai-d a Small Schooner 
Commanded by Cap^ T*arker gave orders for some 1 of 
our Ships to Stretch into the mouth of the River and fire 
upon the enemy, which they return'd upon us — At 6 
O'clock 

July 20 The Ships came to Anchor of Bagaduse the Small 
Vessells came to Anchor to the Xorthwd — 

27 In the morning a Xumljer of Captains went on Board 
the Commodore Seeing the enemy at work erecting a fort 
on an Island Call'd Banks's Island at the South side of 
the River Bagaduse which Captain Hacker with 2 other 
small Vessells took the Marines on Board and the Boats 
& towe'd near the Island & kept a warm fire upon the 
Island untill they were Landed which they efi^ected the 
landing without the loss of a man — 

Advancing the works we found 2 or 3 small Cannon un- 
mounted — the ^lilitia took possesion of the Island and 
went to fortifying as fast as Possible — we soon got 2 
Eighteen pounders and one 12 p**""" that we soon opeu'd 
upon them, which caus'd the enemy Shiping to remove up 
the River — 

28 The ^Marines of the Fleet Join'd the Troops in landing 
at an Island on the West Side of the liiver where the 
enemy had their Main Fort — At 5 O'Clock in the Morn- 
ing we landed and gain'd the Ground in Eminence of 
About 3 or 400 foot, at a thickett of woods — the Enemy 



-2'r2 i)OcrMK\'r.\i;v iiisr<>i;v 

n'tix-ali'il to ilicir iiiaiii I'^rt :iii<l Icl'l a small iJatU'i'v with 
8 Guns at the Sniilli \\'('st\\ar<l of the woods 

l':» ()iii- Marines (niiliiiud (Hi Slmi-c with the Tro(>|)s in 
Ilnildinu- (if I"\trt.s — Tliere was Three Ships Ordered to 
tlie niouih of the Kiver the Putnam Ilamden t^ one more 
to I'onii a line — I went in with my Slii]> and took my 
Station on got Springs on my ('al)les on which tlu; enemy 
hegan lo lire — I retuniM them the (omj)linient the 
mean while no Ship came to my assistanee 

.30 The Warren and some other of the Fleet and got under 
way and mov'd their hirth in at the Entrance of the Kiver 
then enemys main Fort began to fire upon our Ships but 
did no great Damage — 

31 Fireing from each Side hut no Damage done The Bow 
Galley Arrived from IJoston Ingraham Master 

Ang^ 2 Rec"^ from the enemy one Shot in our Starboard 
side — A number of Marines under Comman'' of General 
Wadsworth AttackM one of tlu; enemies Forts which they 
effected it had 3 Six jxiunders in it — At day light they 
were ordered to leave the Fort which the enemy soon took 
possession oif again and play'd upon our Ships — 

Aug' 2 A Considerable fireing from the enemys Fort In 
the afternoon the Marines were all ordered to Embark — 

?/ Our Tro<)])s took possession of a piece of Ground on the 
left aboot 2 miles from our main Fort where they was 
erected to play on the enemies Ships in the River — 

4 The Putnam people Assisting in geting the Cannon in 
the new Fort at the East River to play upon their Ships — 

.") Open'd a Fort uixm iIh; enemies Shiping 

<; Fort still fireing upon the Shiping — 

7 Th(; ports still ])Iaying upon each Other 

2 Brigs belonging to the ileet appear in Sight — 



OF TIIK STATE OF NfAIXE 25o 

8 T>iinit ji Xumlier of houses & Barns 

A Number of officers went on Shore to reconnoitore 
they where Obliged to quit the boat & leave her 

9 Our officers and men All returned on Board again with- 
out any loss But the Boat — 

Some of Our officers went over the liiver with (icneral 
Wadsworth to Reconnoitore a piece of ground to lay out a 
fort we took a Master of a Transport A: 4 men who had 
left there Vessell at Bagaduce — IFail a CounscU on 
Board the Warren Nothing agreed upon Adjourned to 
y* next morning 

10 At O'clock Agreed tliat the Warren the Put nam 
Hamden & Vengance should go up the River to Attack the 
enemies Ships all the ]\Iarines in the Ships was to Assist 
the Troops to Storm one of the Batterys that covcrd the 
enemy from their Forts to the Ships 

11 Nothing remarkable — 

12 The Army all Paraded on Shore — at 12 OTlock a 
council was held on Shore and determin'd to Remove the 
heavy Artillery from the Island and put them on Board 
the Transports — Afternoon our General reconnoitoreing 
— his people set fire to a i>arn — About 5 O'Clock after- 
noon aboot SO of the enemy appoard in Siglit our people 
retreated to the Fort — 

13 The General in the afternoon went a reconnoitering 
himself — It M^as determined on Shore by the officers that 
the Fleet shouhl Attack the enemy — the Signal l)cing 
made on Board the Conniiodore, for all the C^iptains to 
come on board — then Appcar'd the enemies Fleet in Sight 
a boat was sent on Shore to Accquaint the General of it — 
All the fleet got under way & came too again 

Aug 14 Early in the morning went on Boanl the Com- 
modore Captains, Thomas, Holmes & myself went down 



2.">1 DOCr.MKNTAl.'V llISKdJY 

ill the ( '(iiiiiiKxIort' liariic to iimkc discovcrv *){' llic Ships, 
\vi' Weill (III Il();ii-(1 the llriii': Acli\(' ;iiiil the lirst Licnt^ 
Acc(|ii:iiiilc(l us thai he hml hccii (hiwii in the iiKiriiin^' 
with ihcir huat vV went so near their Ships that he could 
liear iheni talk he \'icw\l the Ships and found one of thoni 
to be 32 Ciuns one 24 do & one 2(>. they hoisted out their 
Itoats ami sent after liiiu After Ueceixinii this Intelli- 
ueiici' we returiid on llnard tiie ( 'nniiiiDdin'c and iia\-e him 
Ace" of the ■') Ships — as tiie other so far aStern we could 
not tell what thev was the 3 Ships being then under way 
cV liiiht winds The sjrcatcst part of the Commanders on 
hoar<l the ( 'oinniodore waiting- for orders — our orders 
was to yo on lioard and get our Ships under way and go 
nuind the west Side of Long Island — Soon after I was 
on I5oard and heaving up the (\>nnnodore haild me and 
lold me lo toljdw the Fleet up the Kiver — the enemy then 
being aboot 2 leagues to the Southwanl of us Comeing in 
with a gentle IJreeze — All the lleet got under way and 

]>i-oceeded up the River 

About 12 O'clock a Signal was made for the whole Fleet 

to Shift for themselves 

At O'clock afternoon a number of Transports was set 
on fire — At 7 O'clock we entered the narrows — at 10 
O'clock came to Anchor above tlie narrows <Jc light winds 
at 11 Clock weigh'd & towe'd uj> the River all the Trans- 
ports (.^' the Sky liockctt llicn on tire down the river 
Aboot 4 O'clock came to Anchor again all the Arm'd Ves- 
sells tjien a head except the Commodore & \"engance 

Aug 15 Aboot 8 O'clock got under way & tow'd up the 
Kiver the Vengancc a Stern weigh'd soon after — At one 
of Clock we came to Anclior again the Commodore a 

SteiMi. Atternoon ('aj>i. Ilohnes came on hoard ol me 
we went dcjwn to the Commodore soon after, we was on 



OF TiiK statp: of maixk 255 

Board tlicro was Intelligence that there was i Sail on the 
enemy in Chaoe of the Ordinance Brig which was aboot 
one mile hclow the Coniniodorc he heing then to Anchor 
we Ask'd him Tf he could not get his Ship under way he 
answered the Pilot would not take charge of her till the 
Tide made by Reason of her Steering so Bad then he began 
to land his People in orch'r lor to destroy liis Ships If tlie 
enemy Should Attack him — (*ap^ Jlolmes and myself 
then left him — soon after we left him we saw the Ordi- 
nance 13rig fire we went on to go on T'oard our Ships — 
Aug 16 Four Clock in the Morning I went on Board the 
Vengance Saw 2 oflliccrs uj)on Deck all the Peo])le was 
landed the night before they was just going to set the 
Ship on fire — I got into my boat & went up the River on 
l)oard the Hazard & found all the Vessels had landed their 
people and they was landing theirs in order to set her on 
fire — I left her and caiiu! down tlu? River to my Vcssell 
in Order to do the same when 1 came there T found the 
Vengance on fire driving down the River on Board of mine 
I found my people was landed and T went on Shore to 
them — Daniel Waters 

The deponent fui-lhci- add thai in his opinion it was in 
the power of Oni- tlect to have destroy'd the enemy's Ship- 
ing without the Assistance of Gen' Lovell — I always 
voted for going in, at all Councils except one when the 
Commodore Tnform'd us the (Jen' thought it would be of 
no service, to him but a disadvantage. I never heard the 
Com" at any Counscels say any thing to encourage an 
attack upon the enemy's Shiping, but always the con- 
trary — 1 )aniel Waters 

This Deposition with the Addition, was 
Sworn to in Court Sepf 2S"' 1779 

Attest O Peabodv Cler 



2r)(> DOcnMKN'iAi;v iiim(»i;y 

1 hr Drposil iDH of ■Joseph Palrirlr. 

Testifies ami Sais — . 

That While lie was a T^risoiicr on Board the IjIoihI 
I'^ri_i;ate lie saw Nathan .loiies (if fJooMshonmirh come on 
Doard read over a list of the Shi|is whifli were In l»oston 
and llie Ajacent llai-l»iurs — dcchifc thai he was Infui'iiicd 
hy sonic of the General court that there was an ex[)iditi()n 
forming:; against Ponohscut- — . 

That some time After when he was Ivenioved to the 
(Quarter (Jaurd on Shore He was Informed of every vessel 
there coniinandcrs Names that was comini!; down in the ex- 
})idition. — That this Last information he Received from 
some of the l>rittish officers — . "^Fhat while he was Prisoner 
in the fort In the time of the Last of the Seiire — He saw 
A Brige: come in with ci'owccl sails fier two guns td the W'ind- 
ard wliicli was known hy the llrittish to he a Sign of a Ke- 
inforcement cdmini; to them — . That either the same 
or the Next day; the which of the two he is Not certain A 
Deserter come Into the fort and told (Jeneral McClane that 
the Aniai'icoii Troops would ( 'onu! Round under Majahig- 
wadnce Kiver shore and would ln<lca\"our to di'aw out tin; 
Troops from the fort-^. And that when that was alfected 
they would Storm the fort with a party of men who would 
he kept as a reserve In the wood — . that In (•<inci(|uence of 
that Intcligencc the llrittish did not go out as I'sual hut 
niaiid the Part of the fort which tiiey were Informed would 
he Attackd — . 

lie also Affirms that the fort to the IJest of his d udge- 
ment did not contain more than one Acre and a Quarter and 
that with their Laiid forces they could not at most man tlii-ee 
sides Alowing there men to he one Yard distant fi-om the 
Other — Cwliich was their ()i-(lers to stand) That thier 



OF TIIK STATIi OF MAINE 257 

walls was not at iiiosi more than five foot lii,i;li — That they 

had not but two Cannon MouiilM when tlie Amaricons 

Land'd — the one to \]\v. Water the Other to the Wood — . 

That it was the General exspeetation so far as he could Learn 

that they should ])e taken When the Amaricans Landed Both 

by officers and soldiers 

Joseph Patrick 

This Deposition was Sworn to in Court Sepf 2S''' 1770 

Attest O Peabody Cler 



A Trew Relation of facts Concerning flir Penobscut 

Expedition 

Townsend July 23^ 1779 

By Order of Gen' Lovel I Embarked my Reg' on board the 

Transports destined to Convay us to Penobscut and the 

Next Morning Set Sail for that Place 
July 24 Arrived at Fox Islands in the bay of Penobscut 

where we Remained that night without any Particuler 

Anorrances 
July 25"* Arrived oil" Majobagaduse Attempted to land 

but the winds blowing hard it Could not be Efected 
July 26 The Merinos took a battery on Ranks Island land" 

Two Eighteen pound Cannon which (Rinsed the iMieniies 

Ships to move Farther up the River — 
July 28 We landed Early in the ]\lorning in Oposition of 

a Sevear Firciiig of IMusketry from the Enemy where 

Some was Killed and wounded on both Sides the Re- 
mainder of the day was Spent in Throwing up a brest- 

work and Geting up Cannon 
July 29 this day past in Fortifying and Reconitring — 

30 this day Opened a Rattrey of Two Eighteen 

Ponnders one Twelve Also one Howetz — 

17 



ST).*^ DOCfMKNTAK'Y IlISTOltY 

July ol Coiitiiuu'il ( ';iiiii(>ii;i(lfiiii:- all this day — 

August r' At ."> ()l(K-k in tilt' iiiornini:; Stormed a Dal troy 
^louiiliuii- ■) Six j»(iuii<lors on the left of the Kiieinies main 
Foi-t UonU'rinir on M a jahauaduce Iviver Supposed to 
have tifty men in it found tivc of they Enemy dead and 
took Fourteen Prisoners This was Elected by a Detah- 
ment of ^lalitia & Marines Under Command of Gen' 
Wodsworth — 

Aug' 2" Nothing Remarkable — 

3 This day l)ei2;an a P>attrey on the Main to Anoy the 
Enemies Shiping Next day Openeil Said Battrey but to 
no grait purpose being too great a distance 

Aug' 5 A party was Order on the left of the Enemies Main 
Fort in Order to draw them Out, at the Same time a 
partv lav in Ambush to ( 'ut them otf from their Fort 
which took Agreeable to the Gen" Kx])ectation but they 
party Ambushed not pushing with N'igour failed in the 
Attempt 

Aug' () A Counccl of war held to lm|uire if it would be 
Expedient to Stoiiti the iMicmics Main Fort the Result 
of which lays before the Court — 

Aug' 7 Held a Councel of war with the Officers of the Navy 
the Result of of which is Also before the Councel 

Aug' 8. 9 »Sl' 10 Freiiuent Scrimishing in Order to hring 
they Enemy to General Action which the Carefully 
Avaided 

Aug 11"' 200 ]\Ien Cndcr the Command of Ma jars Brown 
and Bran\illc ware Ordered to take post on the Enemies 
left Near the 15attrey we had Stormed Aug' 1 there to 
Remain untill a Signal for Retreat was ^lade — Said 
Orders was punctually Obayed a party of they Enemy 
lying Coneciled behind a Barn Not daring to Appear 



OF TIIK STATE OF MAINE 250 

untill our Troops ware on Their Iletreat then Ivushiug' into 
the Battry began a Smart fire which Caused our Troops 
to Retreat in Some Confusion Notwithstanding the Activ- 
ity of the Officers to keep them in Good Order — 

Aug'^ 12 A Councel of war was held the ])urport of wliich 
is before tlie Court — 

Auff^ lo The Gen' declaired that this day he would take 
post in Ilecr of the Enemy and Endevour to biinu- them 
to a General Action for that he would Kather die in the 
Attempt then Raise the Siege or leave the Comodore Any 
further Excuse not to coopporate with him — for which 
purpose he drew up his Troops and after taking Neces- 
sary Measures he Marched off at the head of 2<>() Men 
took the Rear of the luiemy^ INfain fort Cap^ I'.urk then 
being with him hi) Rc(iucsted him to go on board of the 
Comodore and inform him that he had taken post in the 
Rear of the Enemy and Also to Request him to Com up 
the River and d(!stroy or take the Enemies Shiping this 
desire of tlie Gen' to Cap' Burk he told me of Soon After. 
He was gon off the Ground Immediately after a Signal 
Appeared on board the Comodore for the vShiping to get 
under way which being Complye<l with gave us to hope 
the Comodore Intended to Comply with the (Jenerals 
Re(|uest — but the iMiemies fleet appearin in Sight at the 
Same time i)revented Any things being dun at about Sun- 
sett the Gen' iM arched in with his I'roops — 

At 12 Oclock at Night the Gen' Sent for me ;ind Gave 
me orders to have my Keg' in Readiness to leave the i)lace 
at a Minits' Warning at Three in the morning T marched 
down to the waters Side with my Regiment Carry all the 
Shot and Every Other Article with us that then Re- 
mained on the Gi'ound at Five the whole of the Troops 
ware Embarked on board the Transpoarts which Einedi- 



200 DOCIMENTAK-Y lllSTOUY 

atelv liciian to 'J\)\v oil I'roiu the 81u)rc it being Calm ut 
Eif!;lit I went on bord ihe Generals Sloop and Receve'' 
Orders to i!;o up the River tur there he Intended to Erect 
a Fort to Cover the Shiping a Small brease of wind Spring- 
ing up the Transports got under wav and Stood up the 
Kiver till the Ebb Tide mett them Opposit Fort point 
when the whole ot" them Came to Anchor — our Ships at 
this time lav below in a lino of Iljitth- wailing for the 
Enemy to Com up About One OClock I Saw to my great 
Surprise the whole of our Ships l)air away before the 
wind and Stand up the River the Enemies Ships follow- 
ing them — a Small l)reas Springing up to the Southward 
the whole of the Transports was Ordered under way and 
proseeded up the River Rut l)efore our Transports got 
up the River as far as the ledge So Coled a Very Rapid 
place oflF Tide Som of they Armed Vessels l)cgan to pass 
them Hailing to the Transports as the Came up with them 
to Clear the way and let them pass, by which means many 
of the Transports was Run a Shore and the whole of the 
armed Vessels gon past finding our Selves in this Situa- 
tion with the Enemy" Sliij)s within Shot we l)egan to land 
our troops about fi P. M and at 7 had the whole of them 
on shore the Enemies Ships at this time being in Rech of 
us with Grape Shot while we was in this Sean of Con- 
futian I Saw a Sloop not far from me with Som men On 
boai- her \'ery biiisey ('uling olf her Sails and heaving 
them into a llat bottomed boat at tli(^ Same time Two 
Sloops who Lay nearest the Enemy had on board Two 
Companies of men Each and no Roat to Either of them 
the men Crying out for Assistance I hailed the Sloop and 
ordered them to Sen<l the boat oil or I would fire on them 
hut the payed no Regard to it till they got off their Sails 
fv Inquiry for the Master of her found that one Drink- 



OF THE STATE OF ^rAIXE 261 

water Commanded her and Col° Mitchel was On board 
but gave no Orders to the ^Master of the Sloop to Send off 
the Boat to the Assistance of the Troops the Exposed to 

the Enemes Shot 

Sam' McCobb Col" 

Question Whether there were any General orders given at 
the time of the retreat what place to retreat to ? 

Ans*" I Saw no General Orders l)ut receiv'd a verbal order 
to repair to the General's Tent — Where he gave me verbal 
orders to get my Men ready to march at a ]\linutes warn- 
ing — & afterwards to embark d: go up the river — where 
he said he intended fortify and secure the Ship^ — accord- 
ingly T proceeded up the river till the enemy came within 
point l)laiik Shot before I landed my ]\len 
Sam' McCobl) Col° 

The above Deposition with the answer to the above Ques- 
tion Sworn to in Court Sepf 28^'' 1779 
Attest O Peabody Cler 

I remember receiving the orders Issued on the SO^^ of 
July contain'd in the Adjutant Gen'^ Copy before the 
Court in which Col° Revere & his Corps are particularly 
order'd to in camp on Shore 

Sam' McCoi)b Col 
Sworn to as above Attest O Peabody Cler 



Petition of Rich'' Sykes. 

State of Massachusetts l^ay 

To the Hon*"''' Council and Hon''''' House of Representatives 
in General Court assembled at Tjoston Sep' 28'" 1779 
The Petition of Richard Sykes humbly shews 



2i'>2 ItOCIMK.N lAK'V IIISKiNV 

That vour I'eiil inner was in lloston wlieu the Penobscot 
[expedition was earrvinji; on and cntereil as a Sergeant of 
Marines nn Imanl tlie Ship (iciicral I'lilnani- when an 
attack was made on nnr df the Uedoiibts on the 1*' August, 
v(»ur I'etitinner was nnuh* a Prisoner, and was carried from 
Penobscot to Xcw York in the lieasonable Man of War — 
was stript of almost all his ("luthing — Your i*el it inner is 
nn\v in Iloston I 10 miles distant fmm his Home, destitute of 
every necessity of Life — 

Your Petitioner prays Your Honors would allow him l*ay 

for the (doathing he lost and afford him such assistance as 

will enable him to return home, or otherways assist him as 

vour Honors in your Wisdom shall see fit, and as in Duty 

bojind shall ever prav 

Iii(dr' Syk(;s 

Losses sustained by Uidiard Sykes at Penobscot 
Vi/,' 2 Linnen Shirts 

'.] Pair Stockings 1 p' Puck Skin Preeclies 1 p"" 
Clotli !5ree(dies 1 Hat 1 Knai)sack 1 ilandkercdiief 1 

])■" Shoes 



Slalcmrnl of Ajdl. dcnl Hill Sirorn to Sejd. 29, 1779. 

July the 2"'' T receiv'd General Lovell's Orders, to proceed 
to Falmouth in the County of Cundicrland, to receive the 
Troops raisM in that County, for the intended Expedition 
to Peu(jijscott, ami to forward them to Townsend the Place 
<d' General Rendezvous: the ^"' 1 arrived at Palmouth, having 
previcnisly sent a Letter to Gen' Thompson, acijuainting him 
witli my Orders, and reijuesting his Aid and Assistance in 
forwarding his 'J'roops to that Town, ujion my Arrival I 
found him there with Col" Mitchell, who he had aitpoinled 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 203 

to take the Command, The Troops were collected with the 
greatest reluctance, so that I recommended martial Power, 
representing that they were regularly and legally detatched 
as Soldiers, and consequently were suhject to martial Law. 
He agreed with my Proposal, and immediately sent out 
several Parties to different Towns, that were dificient of 
their Quota (having first got a Return of the Names & Places 
of ahode of those who refused or neglectted to join agreeahle 
to Orders) which in some measure had tlie desired Kifect, 
some were taken, & hrought by Force, some were frighted 
and join'd voluntarily, and some skulk'd and kept them- 
selves conceald, so that that upon the whole I collected as by 
Return, 433, Rank and File, whidi were emhark'd for Town- 
send the 16^^, I then proceeded to Gen' Thompson and 
acquainted him with the Deficiency, he told me he had sent 
his Orders to his Colonels for the whole, that he would do 
every thing in his Power to compleat his Quota, and said 
"if they would not go he would make the County too hot 
to hold them" one Reason of the Deficiency was this, some 
officers whose Duty it was to detatch the men, constru'd 
the Orders to include Officers as part of the Detail, some 
included the men who had enter'd on board the Fleet out 
of their Towns, for the Expedition and perhaps a short 
cruise, and some sent Boys, old Men and Invalids; if they 
belong'd to the Train liand or Ahii'iii List they were Soldiers, 
whether they could carry a (inn. walk a mile without 
Crutches, or only Compos Mentis sufficient to keep them- 
selves out of Fire and Water; I then proceeded to Town- 
send, the York and Lincoln Troops soon arrive<] there : 
Their Xumbers may be seen by the (iencral lid urn now on 
File; much like the Cumberland Troops aforementioned, I 
represented the matter to (ieneral Lovell as soon as he ar- 
rived, he wrote to the Brigadiers of the Several Counties 



264 hocTM i:n'iai;y iiisiduv 

iimut'diiiielN' to lill up ilicir (^)u(>t:rs. nliout tlie 22'"' the 
Troops wcro jciradcd, and tlicir Anns, accduh-cinciils cVrc; 
were examined. I assisted in examining;' of tlicin as far us 
cume to niv Knowledi^e fliev were very poorly e<juipt, (lie 
chief of lliem liad Anns l»iil many were out of Repair, and 
very little or no Ammunition, most of tlic OfHecrs as well 
as men (piitc unacipiainicd witji any military Manoeuvre, 
and even the manual Ivxercise: the lil"' we sailM \'nr rcnoh- 
scott, the Fleet having previously arrived: at Evening of the 
same day we came to Anchor off the Fox - Islands, a Iioat 
was sent immediately to Camhden for Cap' Mitdiell an In- 
habitant of Hellfast, who was said to he well af(piaiiitcd villi 
^[ajabigwaduce neck, an<l an intelligent man, he had been 
previously procured and brought to Cambden by the Generals 
order, the morning of the 25"' we made sail and procee<]ed 
to Majabigwaducc, I think it was afternoon before we arrived 
there, 3 Ai-mM X'cssells and all the TranspoiMs passM to the 
westward of the Xeck, some of the remaining Shipping made 
a Circle lowar<ls the Fnemys Battery (afterwards call'd the 
3 Gun Battery) some of which went nigh and saluted the 
Battery well, with 2 or •> broadsides, but some I believe 
were so far (»!]" that their Shot never rcach'd the Shore, the 
2G"' and 27'" we took Possession (d" Hank's Island, and 
secured it, the next Xiglit the Marines and Land forces 
were reind)arked, and the Works on the Island left to the 
Care of Cap' Hacker, with ('aptains dohnston iV I'Mmonds, 
who covered the landing of the Tioops there, about 12 O. 
C. at Night the General OrderM me to Fmbark the Troops 
on Board the Flat l)ottom\l Boats (k" and told me they were 
to land on tlie westerly Part of the Peninsula, o f)r 4 arm'd 
Ves.sells were halTd near the Shore to cover their Landing, 
it being late iiefore the Troops got on board th<! Transports, 
and having had no sleej) the night before, it was with very 



OF TIIK STATE OF MAINE 205 

great Difficulty they were emljark'd for Landing, how ever 
about day light the Shipping Order'd to cover our landing 
began a heavy Cannonade into the Woods, to rout or confuse 
the Enemy, who were ambush'd there to obstruct our landing, 
a little before Sunrise the Troops were ready, what were not 
in Boats were in a large flat bottom'd Sloop which was to 
hind on the left, the Marines and jjurt of Col° McCol)bs 
Reg' were on the right, & the rest in the Centre, the Right at 
their Landing receiv'd a very heavy Fire, which lasted al)Out 
20 minutes. I landed in the Centre with the General the 
Troops behaved with Spirit as far as came to my Knowledge, 
but without any Order or Regularity and it was with great 
Difficulty, we got them into any Order or Forms of De- 
fence after we had got the Heights. 3 Captains Guards 
were immediately orderd out about 60 Rods in front of the 
Place when we meant to make our chief Works, and the 
Marines at the same Time kept a guard on the right of the 
whole: Our Fatigue Parties were kept to work day and 
Xight in puting the Heights in a Position of Defence; 
throwing up a Battery about 60 Rods advanced in which 
we placed 2, 18 and 1, 12 Pounder, a cover'd way was also 
made leading to the Isthmus, and a Road cleard, I suppose 
in case of Necessity to Retreat on to the main, nothing ma- 
terial happen'd, that I can recollect, except a few Alarms, 
and Gen' Wadsworth's throwing up a Battery on Wescotts 
Point, till about the 10"" of August, when the General orclcrM 
me to parade 600 good men by Detatchment or otherwise, to 
get Volunteers if Possible, at the same Time order'd the 
Commanding Officers of Reg' and Corps, to make Choice of 
the best Officers to command them, I proceeded to put his 
Orders in Execution with all possible Disjiatch, call'd on 
CoP Mitchell for 200 CoP McCobb for 200, Major Cousins 
for 75 and the new Levies for the rcnuiinder. Col" Mitchell 



liCiCt IiOCfM K.N TAIIV IIISIOUY 

pit his 200 wiili iiTcal hilHcuItv iiicludiii;^ ''"y'"^? ol'l lUiiu 
and Invalids Col" McC'olil) imt 1 Id tn the hcst of my Romem- 
horaiicc, ujiwai'ds of 20 nf Major Coiisciis' Men had that 
Xi<i:ljt ilcsertf(l and ;^.0 or upwards were sent after them so 
that it was out of his Powcm- to ^et his (^iiota However lie 
turn' J out what he could, tojiether with the new Levies, 
amounted in the wliolc to npwai'ds of I'M) iii<icad of 000, 
which the Ottioers declared were all they could find, any 
ways lit for duty, our Guards at that Time (tonsisted of 100 
Rank and file exclusive of the Generals, and (Quarter Guards, 
The Notion held up hy the Officers and Soldiers at that 
'J'ime was that they were li-oiiiu: to Storm the Enemy's main 
Works, wdiich I suppose prevented the Officers from com- 
pleating their full Quotas Nund»ers of men skulking in the 
Woods to prevent the su{)posed impending Danger, Col" 
Mitchells Officers were so terrify'd at the Idea oi Storming, 
ihat they found fault with the Colonels nomination, and 
absolutely drew I>ots on the I*ara<lc, who should go to take 
the Command of their men, and included those then on. 
Guard, and reliev'd tliem if it fell to any of their Turns. I 
have made no mention of taking the 2 Batteries on our Right 
as that Matter has been fully expIaiiiM by some more imme- 
diately concern'd : but more confusion than there was in 
taking the latter I never saw, I was not active in that Affair, 
but only stood some Distance in the rear with Gen' Lovell 
to wait his Orders. The extraordinary Manoeuvre of the 
400 above mcntioucil has been fidly cxplainM by the General. 
In the morning of the 12"' the General harangued the Troops 
in Orders which Harangue may be seen in the orderly Book, 
the lo"' a Detatchment of Vf)luntcM3rs were order'd to parade 
and marcli down on the jilaiu Ciound where the Uatteries 
above mentioned were, about 200 of which were marchM 
round l»y the shore quite to the back of the Mnciiiy, the rest 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 267 

were kept in tlie Edge of the Woods as a Corps de reserve, 
the General then acquainted the ('oninio(h)re that he was on 
the Ground he wished liini to take P(jssession of, and re- 
quested him to come in witli his Shii)ping, and some of the 
Ships got under sail ; a Report then prevail'd that there was 
a Fleet in the mouth of the Harhour; supposed to be the 
Enemy, as it was very foggy at that Time at Sea; some said 
it was only the Trees on the Island, that loom'd like a Fleet, 
However our Fleet did not come in, and a little after Sun 
down we retired to Camp, about 12 O. C. at Xight, T was 
order'd to turn out a Party of 100 fatigue men, I then under- 
stood there was an Enemy's Fleet coming in, consisting of 
1 Ship of the Line, 3 Frigates and some other armed Vessells, 
the Fatigue Party were employ 'd in carrying every thing of 
from the Peninsula, the Troops were also turn'd out to pack 
up all their Jiaggage and a compleat Retreat was made on 
l)o;ird the Transports, by sunrise or a little; after without 
the least loss or being harased in the least by the Enemy, 
the Commodore then requested some Troops to go Hoard the 
Arm'd Vessells to fight them if possible. Cap' White of the 
Continental Army, a Lieu' of the Train of Artillery and my- 
self went on boanl the charming Sally c(jmmanded by Cap' 
Holmes and carry'd with us 29 Men, when we got on Board 
the Cap' was not there, the P' T/ prepared the Ship for 
Action, the Cap' Soon came on Hoard, order'd the Sailing 
Master to make all sail possible uj) the River, said he had 
been on board the Commodore and must obey Orders, we 
saild up the River 5 or G Miles ahove fort Point, and had 
pass'd the Transports as soon as tlie Enemy's Vessell came 
near abreast the Transports, the Troops began to land and to 
Appearance in great Confusion, and by this Time some of 
the Transports were set on tire, 1 then told Captain Holmes 
there woidd be no fighting on hoard the Ships that I was 



268 DOCCMKN'IAK'Y lllSTOltY 

useless (here; tliat tlie Tiuops were in irreiit ( 'out'usion, tlmt 
It would require the utumst Exert idu of everv Officer to 
kcvp iheiii in anv (ii-<lc'r, thai 1 sn|)]iiis('il the (leu' would 
make a Siaml iliei-e. ami rcMpiesled to ^o on Shore to juin tin; 
'I'roops, as soon as a couvcMiieut ()])portuuity presente<l I 
went, the first person I met was ( 'ol" Mitchell. I asked hiui 
where he was lioiiii:. he said up llic IJi\'ci-. 1 loM him to col- 
lect his men anil kecji tlicni touclhcr if pnssihh-. that 1 W(Mild 
go down lo the Transports, and )in«l out what was to he done 
& return immediately when I i^ot there, \ found Oap^ Carver 
j\Iaster of the Generals Transport, with his men. some of 
the Servants of the (JeneraTs Family with a few scattered 
men. I emiuired where the (ieii' and other Officers were, they 
told me they were gone to a House nearhy. T joiu'd Cap' 
Carver with what others I could get any Conuuand of, which 
were very few, to get up some Provision &" Gen' Wadsworth 
.soon came along we got u]) what l*r((vision t^-'' we couM hut 
Night couiiiig on I went up to the House afore mentione<l, 
cncjuired still for the Officers, they told nie, they were gone 
into the Woods to Camp, and shew'd me the Way they went, 
I pursued and found them paraded round the Roots of the 
Trees k" I try'd to get some of them to get up and go out to 
the Hou.se, told them General Wadsworth was there, hut 
all in vain, I ask'd them what they meant to do, they answer'd 
they meant to go through the Woods to morrow, for Kenne- 
l)e<'k, Col" Tyler said it was the Generals Orders for every 
one to take Care of himself and that scemM to he the pre- 
vailing Cry of all, Oflii-crs and Men. ahoul this Time Cap- 
tains Hall and Plummcr came out with ('an<lles and wanted 
to get .some of tlunr men to mount a (!uard near the Shore 
I returuM with them to the House and with a great deal of 
Difficulty I ohtain'd a small guard of (! or 7 men hy giving 
them .'' (Quarts of wine uhidi was sa\M from the Transports 



OF Tin: STATE OF MAI.NK 2<»') 

the next nioniiiig' the Officers aii<l ineii who hiy in the Woods 
came (»iit to the House, after we got some Breakfast (S:*^ a 
Consultation of tlie Officers was hcM what to do next, Tlie 
Men secm'd determined at all Hazard to go home, the Pro- 
vision that was saved would not last more than 3 or 4 Days 
at most, the Arms, Artillery &'^ on Board the Vessells all 
destroy'd, and a considerable Numher of men already set off. 
Captain IJurke in the mean Time came along, said he had 
set his Ship on Fire, that some others were preparing to set 
theirs on Fire, that the Fleet would be all destroy'd and 
that the General was gone up the Iliver with the Indians, who 
were to pilot him thro' the Woods; Under these Considera- 
tions it was concluded on to quit the Ground, accordingly 
about 10 O. C. A, M. we took our departure, General Wads- 
worth with a Party went for (^andxlen, I went with the Party 
for Kennebeck, waited then 3 or 4 days for General Lovell 
hearing that he was certainly (•(•ming that way. he not com- 
ing in that Term of Time 1 set out aii<l join'd (Joul Wads- 
worth at S' Georges, thence to Cambden where 1 found Cap' 
Ulmer, of Col" McCobbs Reg*^ who had kept his Company 
from entirely dispersing and was guarding the Coasts there 
&'' — before the reinforcement of the Enemy came, I often 
heard the General say in his Araripio. that if the Kiumiy sent 
a Reinforcement he would retreat up the liiver, but when 
they appear'd or at any Time, after I never receiv'd any 
Orders verbal or written to conmiunicate to the Troops as 
I remember in particular respecting a Retreat, but always 
understood they were to retreat up the River, I went on board 
the charming Sally about 8 O. C. A. M. by the Gen' per- 
mission after the Troops were all on Board. 

Jere: Hill Adj' Gen' 
Sworn to in Court Sept' 29'" ITTD 

Attest O Pcabody Cler 



'2~{) DOri'M KNlAltV IIISToItY 

(^ucst" Do voii know wlu'tlicr the order of ihi' DO'" of July 
rcsiHMiiiii; Col' Kevrre \' his Corps's ciicaiiiping on shore 
in I'ntnrc was drlivcrM hiin^ 

Ans"" I <h> not know, hnt the orders nsnally were <h'li\rrM 
out h_v nic at ahoiit 10, or 1 1 o/Chx-k — since we came to 
Boston Col" Ifevorc asked nie whether there were any 
Orders iiiven for him to encamp on sliore T then shew him 
the or(h'rs of the .".<•"' of July, he s;ii<l he had never seen 
them — I asked him how he p)t the orders, he said lio got 
them by his Sarjeant, lie then said that he sent for the 
orders that day, that the Sajcant return'd said tliere Wcas 
no orders respecting the Train, only that they were order'd 
to encamp on shore — he told me that he told the Sarjeant 
he was heforehand of them \' said further that he never 
knew the orders were coueheil in those terms — 

Jere Hill adj' Cen' 

The ahove was Sworn to In Court tlie 30'" of Sept^ 177!) 
Attest O Peabody (Mer 



Order of f'ounrlJ. 

Couii.-il Chamher Sep" the 29'" 177'.» 
The Council being informed that dohn Herbert an inhabitant 
of Penobscot, now a Prisoner in the Gaol in the County of 
Suffolk as a Person inimical to the United States, who had in 
his possession a Xumber of ^ledecincs, the proi)erty of this 
State which was delivered to Doc' Downer for the use of the 
Penobscot Expedition, and by him left with a certain Person, 
to be used by the said Herbert for the sick and wounded, but 
the said Herbert fraudulently exhihited an account to the 
Courts Committee on Accounts, which was Sworn to by the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 271 

said Herbert, and allow'' and paid Accordingly, aiul the Hon'^ 
Sam' Niles Esq being directed by the Board to inquire into 
the matter, said Herbert upon Examination Acknowledged 
the fraud, and delivered to the said Niles the sum of One 
hundred and forty seven pounds twelve shillings, being the 
whole sum by him received of said committee. Therefore 
Ordered that said Niles pay to the lion"" Henry Gardner Esrf 
Treasurer of this State the alwve said sum of one hundred 
and forty seven pounds twelve shillings and give said Niles 
duplicate receipts therefor, one of which to be lodged in the 
Secretary's Office. 

Attest John Avery D Sec'y. 



Deposition of J Whipple 

As an Evidence In the matter, of Col: Kevcrc Particularly 
relative to y" charges lodg'd against him, by (\ip* Carnes, 
I answer to them, as they Stand In the compLaint. — 
If the first charge, doe's not contradict Itself; I nnswor; 
that I know, of no such Orders as mentiond In the charge; 
but saw an order, for Col : Revere to send Cannon »S:c, proper- 
ly Offic'd & man'd, which was Obey'd. — 

The second charge 1 know nothing of. 

The third, (which is neglect of duty) f <l(int know aii 
Instance of. — 

The tirst part, of the foni-th charge, (which is Tiisoldicr- 
like behavioiii- ) 1 was not a j\idge of. And I never knew that 
( "ol : lievere ha«l any trval of his bravery. — 

The tifth. t.V Sixth. I dont know any thiiig of. 

d \Vhip]de 
Sep* 20*'' 1779 

On the Evening of the 80'" Col" Revere told nic he had 
order'd his Tents on Shore, i: wondcr'd thev were not come 



272 DdtiM K.N rAi;v iiisioi.'v 

— I was on the dav after \vc laiidcil, ai Maiii'rltip;ft<lonse &' 

on sliori' with Col" Revere at (leneral LdNcll's Tent, in the 

at'ienioon — 

J Wliipi.le 

Swoni to in Conrt Scpf :'.()"' 1T7:» 

Attest () I'eahodv CU-r 



Crrliflrafe of Select Men of Fmnl.-lin. 

Tliis is to C'crtifv nnto all wliniii it may eoncci'ii that we 
the Snl)8eril)ers Inive cansM to he DctainM two TI lids Sui^ar 
snpposM to 1)C the property of fJosepli Donnison k bound 
into the State of Rhode Island in Pursuant to an act passed 
by tlic CJeneral Court of the State of Massachusetts V)ay on 
the Twenty tiiinl May nf Sejitciiilici- otic thousand seven hun- 
dred (&: seventy nine Said Suij;ars l)ein<>' now in our Possession 
\vc hcrby obli<2;ate to ourselves to Delixer the Same when 
}>ropcr authority shall Demand them 

Joscjili II awes Selectman 

Eben Dean Coniittc 

Franklin Sept^ 20—1779 



i^hilonciil of (itti' Wfnlsinirl li . 

The Failure of the Fxpcdition under F^nijuiry seems to 
me to be owiuff princi|ially td the T^ateness of our Arival be- 
fore the Fnemy, the Smallucss of oui- Land l''oi'ces, (.V the 
uniform IJackwardness of the ( 'ommandcM- of the Fleet. 

As to the Lateness of our Ari\aK I wouhl only observe, 
that, after bcin^ necessarily detain'd in Xantaskett Road, 
one Day whilst the Commodore was arranging his Fleet & 
giving out his Signals tS: the two following:, by a Storm <fe 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 273 

contrary Winds, the Fleet Saild on the morning of the lO"* 
July, for Townsend, that we had not left sight of the Road 
before the whole Fleet was oblig'd to heave to for several 
hours to wait for the Ordnance Brigg w^hich was then Stand- 
ing back & Forth at the ]\Iouth of the Harbour, & that at 8 
Oclock the following Evening the Fleet hove to, off Ports- 
mouth to wait for the Hambden which Ship had been sent in 
for, to join there. The Fleet lay by till morning. The 
Wind was Southerly & a fine Breeze. These two Delays, 
tho Short, probably eaus'd a Delay of two Days as the Wind 
& weather afterwards prov'd. 

With Respect to what took place at Townsend, I sub- 
scribe to Gen' Lovells Representation, wath this Addition, that 
at least ; one fourth part of the Troops then appear'd to me 
to be Small Boys & old men, & unfit for the Service. 

I also subscribe to Gen' Lovells Representation of our 
Arival «fc during our Continuance on the Heights of Maga- 
bigwaduce untill the Evacuation ; with this Addition that we 
had, between the 2" and 7'" of August cast up a Redoubt on 
the ISTortheasterly Part of the Peninsula near the Marsh; 
thrown up a cover'd way across the Beach & mostly finish'd 
a Battery on the high Ground oposite the Xeck on the Main, 
in order to preserve a Communication with the Main, in 
Case of any Accident to our Shipping — That, twas said 
there was 234 of y" Marines that join'd the Militia at their 
first Landing & that both they and the Sailors whilst on 
Shore were under the direction of the general. 

After our troops were reimbark'd on board the Transports 
on the ]\rorning of 14'" August, it being quite calm, the Gen- 
eral gave orders for the Transports to tough up the River 
with the Tide of Flood, & pretty soon after we were under 
way, set off with Cap' Salter in order to see the Commodore, 
to know what measures he intended to pursue. A Small 

18 



27 1 i)OcrMKNiAi;v imsiok'Y 

Lreczc of Wiml ;i head \' ilic Ti-lc of 1^1»1), taking us just 
after the Traiisitoi-ts had PassM l"'i)it Point ohlijx'd tliem to 
conic to Anchor when the Wind <lvM awav iV h-ft us (piitc 
calm. 

After issuinii; Orders for the Companies that had l)een 
broken in tlic lictreat & had gotten on hoard different Trans- 
ports, to be collected, also to find out their T^aggagc & Camp 
rtciicils. vV the whole to look to their Ai-nis (.V Aniunition & 
to he in Readiness for landing at the Shortest Notice; I set 
out to go on Shore at Fort Point, to put the Hospital in a 
readiness to be mov'd in Case it should be necessary: but 
before we had half reaeh'd the Shore, our Fleet below ap- 
pear'd to he Standing up the liiver after us with a Sea Preeze 
which soon reaeh'd us. I then gave Orders to the Agent of 
the Transports (being then within Hail of him) to dispatch 
a Transport with two Flat hottoniM P>oats, immediately to 
Fort Point to take off the Hosjiital iV to proceed up the 
liivor with the rest of tlie Transports, which was comply'd 
with. I proceeded on Shore, order'd all the Cattle to be 
drove off the point up the Eivcr & the P>uildings to be fir'd ; 
& as we were some what hurried, took Some of the last of 
the Hospital with the Surgeons into the Boat in which T pro- 
ceeded up the River. 

Our Ships of War were now a little past Fort Point, & 
the Fnemys fore most Ships not far behind. The ITanibden, 
Hunter <.^ a Brigg were cut off below. 

We made the best of our way with the Poat <fc came up 
with the Transports just below the Xarrows where they 
were very much in a Cluster in the Eddy on the westerly 
Side y^ River. One Sloop had run on Shore & more seem'd 
to be inclining that way. I still proceeded thro' the Trans- 
[lorts up the River «S: gave them Oi-ders as T wcsnl by no 
means to run on Shore so long as they could keep afloat 



OF Tinc STATE OF MAINE 275 

without drifting down on the Enemy; & as I pass'd tlie 
Ordnance Brigg gave orders for a Jirass twelve pounder to 
be in Readiness in a Fhit Boat whilst I sought a Place up 
the Narro\vs convenient for hawling it up. in order to check 
the Enemys Pursuit. 

At this time the Foremost of our Vessels of war were 
passing the Transports, & there appear'd to me to be a Fair 
Opportunity of Saving our whole Fleet, had some of our 
heaviest Ships been order'd to form a Line a little below 
our Transports to have Stop'd the Enemys foremost ships 
in their pursuit. The Wind was then dying away for the 
Evening & the Tide of Ebb very strong, so that their heavier 
Ships could not have got up to their Assistance till the next 
tide. 

When I had discovered a convenient landing for the Can- 
non up the Xarrow\s, I immediately returned (meeting by 
the way ]\Iajor Couzens the Commanding Officer of the 
York Troops who had the chief of his men with him, k one 
of Col' Mitchells Field Officers, wdiom I directed to march 
up the River with their men & to keep abrest with the Ship- 
ing) on coming in Sight of the Transports, found them 
chiefly on Shore in a Cluster & on fire. The Enemy at 
Anchor almost abrest with them. 

A Small Schooner in which was the greatest part of our 
Provisions was then in the Strength of the Tide drifting 
down on the Enemy; it was in vain that a Nund)er of Boats 
were order \l to tough her across the Stream A: witli much 
difficulty that a Boat was got off to take out her Crew. In 
this I was directly opposs'd by Lieu' Col' Revere who said 
that I had no right to command either him or the Boat & 
gave orders to the contrni-y. The I)oat went oil" to the 
Schooner. He was promised An Arrest as soon as the Aiiiiy 
should be collected. The Reason L* Col' Revere gave for 



276 DOC IMKNTAKV IllS'lOKY 

the Boat's not p)iiig off to the Schooner, was tliat he had 
all his ]iri\aU' Iniggage at Slake lV askd wlio wouhl tliank 
him for loosiiiii' tliat, in attcin]iiin<!' to Save tlie Schooner to 
the State. 1 askVl him whether he came there to take Care 
of his private Baggage, or to Serve the State. 

I then endeavonred with the Assistance of some Officers 
I meet at the Shore to colkvt the Troops in or<h'r to get what 
Stores couM l)e savM from th(> 'I'ransports hefore they hiirnt 
& to defend those that shoukl not take tire from hcing carried 
off by the Enemys Boats; but this was not practicable. The 
Troops were cheefly dispers'd or gone back into the Woods 
& the rest not to be commanded. By tlie help of a few In- 
dividuals, chiefly Officers, a small Quantity of Provisions & 
Amunition was got on Shore 

This bro't it towards ten oClock in the Evening k there 
being no prospect of doing any thing to purpose at the Shore, 
We retir'd to a House on the high Ground about a Quarter 
of a Mile from the River, where we meet about 20 Officers 
& soldiers & continued till ^Morning. 

In the fore part of the Night one of the Ships of War 
was fir'd in the Narrows. The Ordnance Brigg drifted up 
the River with the Tide of Flood. 

Early in the Morning I gave orders to collect the Troops : 
but few could be found, & the greater part of those when 
they found there was Orders for Halting, suddenly took 
themselves away Some with and some without their Officers. 

About eight oClock in the Morning there was a Collection 
of a Number of Officers amongst wdiich was Col'' ^McCobb 
& Tyler, Lieu' Col' Howard, ^lajors Brown & Hill with 
several Captains & other Officers. It was the Oppinion of 
those Gentlemen that nothing could be done to any purpose, 
with the men remaining on the Ground, (there l)cing oidy 
about 40 of Col' McCobs Reiriment which T tliink were all 



OF THE STATE OF ^fAIXE 277 

the Land Forces then left) And it was said, I think by Col' 
Tyler that the General had given orders for every man to 
Shift for himself. Yet they said they would not march off 
if I gave Orders to the contrary; tho' the men they heliev'd 
could not be retain'd in any Case. 

I w^as then sending an Officer up the Kiver to Gen' Lovell 
to take his orders upon the matter when I was inform'd that 
the remaining part of our Fleet, by that time was nearly at 
the head of the Tide & were blowing up. Concluded that 
the detaining the Officers without men could answer no val- 
uable purpose, on which we parted. 

After this I set off in Company with Cap' Burke & part 
of his Seamen, with a number of others for Cambden. As 
to what pass'd after I ariv'd there I suppose it does not 
respect the Failure of the Expedition. 

Peleg Wadsworth B Gen' 

The Uniform Backwardness of the Commander of the 
Fleet appear'd in the several Councils of War at which I 
was present; Where he always held up the Idea that the 
Damage that his Ships would receive in attempting the 
Enemys Shiping would more than counterbalance the Advan- 
tage of Destroying them. Since the destruction of those 
Ships w^ould not give us the Possession of the Enemy imme- 
diately. It was urged by the Gen' that this was a necessary 
Step towards their Beduction, His Answer was in General, 
what would be atchiev'd by his Going in to the Enemys 
Shiping, & towards the latter part of the siege the Storming 
of their principal fortress by Land was made the Condition 
of his Attacking them b^^ sea. I believe that the Enemys 
Ships might have been destroy'd at any time during the 
Siege (wind & tide permitting) especially after the reduc- 
tion on the Battery on y^ first of August. 

Peleg Wadsworth B Gen 



278 DOCl'MKN'l'AKY illSlOKV 

The al)o\t' l)c'{)(»siti(tii with tlio addition was sworn to be- 
fore Court Sept^ 20"' 1779 

Attest () Peal)ody Cler 

Question — I >o you rt'collcct askinu- for ( "ol" Revere, and 
askinii; Cap' Cuslunji; to cut out the Amhrasui-es, as men- 
tioned in Ca])' Carnes's Deposition? 

Ans"" I am not ])ositive that I asked for liim, l)ut had 
thoU4ilits ill my Mind why 1 had not seen him there at 
the fixini; the Batteries — 1 l)elicve I asked Cap^ Cush- 
ing's advice ahoiil Making tlie Ambrasures — ^T well re- 
member that the next day ( 'ol° Revere Chaulked them 
out 

Quest" Whctlicr Col" Txevere was missing on Shore? 

Ans"" I saw him but sehlom on shore during the first week 
after our lauding — 

Questions asked by Col" Revere 



Ques* Do you recollect my carrying you to a place & show- 
ing it as a proper one for getting up the Cannon & cutting 
a Road — 

Ans"" I remember being on a Bank with Col° Revere and 
pitcliiiiir on a place to get up the Cannon, wliere we after- 
ward got them up 

Ques' Do You remember sending for me to go to an Island 
to the Eastward of Hackers Island to find a post to annoy 
the enemy's Shiping ? 

Ans"" I Remember you went with me, I don't recollect send- 
ind for you, but don't think it improbable — 

The above answers were sworn to before Court Sepf 

20''' 1779 

Attest O Peabody Cler 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 279 

Question'd by Cap^ Carnes 

Q Did you say or hear Gen' Lovell say that if the seige 
Continued seven years, if it was possible to avoid it he 
would not order Col" Kcvere to take any Command — 

Ans"" I have no recollection of the sort, or even that it ever 
was in my Mind, — if I had said it, 'tis probable it would 
have left some traces in my mind — 

Questions asked by tlie C(jinmittee — 

Q. Did you during the seige discover any inattention or 
backwardness to duty in Col" Revere? 

Ans"" I did not see him so frequently in Camp as I ex- 
pected — This was in my min<l in the time of it — Ilis 
sentiments & opinions "where there was a division of 
Voices," were always diiferent from mine — I remember 
that he was against taking post to the East of the enemy's 
Main fort — 

Ques' Did you ever propose to the Gen' before the arrival 
of the enemy's reinforcement, that it was proper to deter- 
mine upon the Mode & place of retreat in case of the 
arrival of a reinforcement 

Ans"" I did — 

Ques* Was any such measure ever determin'd upon previous 
to the arrival of the reinforcement — 

Ans"" ISTothing except securing our retreat off the peninsula 
I asked the General whether I should go up the River & 
see where the Ground was convenient for covering the 
Ship^ from the enemy in case they should be reinforced 
He said we had no forces lo spare in case we view'd the 
Ground that could do anything that way 
Sworn to as al)ove 

Attest O Peabody Cler 



280 DOtTMKXTAIIY IIISTOKV 

Order of Council. 

The Hon. the Council 

In the House of Representatives Sepf 24 1770 

Read and tliereupon Ordered that Coll Thatcher Genl 

Godfrey & Capt Perry with such as the Honbl Board shall 

join, be a Committee to consider the same & report what is 

proper to be done thereon — k said Committee are directed 

to enquire who recommended the Officers therein represented 

as unciualified for the Command they respectively hold 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk"" 
In Council Septemb 29'" 1779 

Read k, Concurred and Daniel Davis and Josiah Stone 

Esq" are joined 

John Avery D Sec'' 



Testimony of James Brown. 

Saturday Aug' 14"^ 1779 

Being at Fort Pownal, on board the Brig' Samuel, 

We had a Breeze from the Southward, and made sail up 

Penobscot River the Armed Ships, followed astern — 

and pass'd me in the Xarrows ; after which, finding no 
assistance, I asked Coll. Davis, What I should do? — he 

answered me, that He did not know what to do! 1 told 

him that I would keep a Boat in reserve for myself and five 
men which I had on board ; (for all the rest of the Artillery 
being about fifty, were determined to go on shore) — and 
that I would use my Endeavours to get up after the fleet. — 
But finding the Wind fail me — and a strong Current under 
foot, — the Enemy's Ships, at the same time drawing nigh, 
— I thought it best to run ashore upon the West point of the 



OF TIIK STATE OF MAINE 281 

!N^arrows — And as I went on shore, finding two "Vessels in 
flames along Side, and no assistance, I concluded of Course, 
that the Samuel must certainly have catchd on fire. — For 
which lieason, I thought it best to go on shore myself, leaving 
all Sails standing to keep her pressing on shore, with the 
Anchor down ; hut not having sufficient Scope when the tide 
rose — and she not catching on fire floated and draw up the 
River in the night — 

Any further Examination I am ready to Answer — 

James Brown 
Commander of the T3rig' Samuel 

Sworn to before y® Committee Sepf 29^'' 1779 
Attest O. Peabody Cler 

Question'd by Mr. Carnes 

Ques^ Do you recollect the time the Billet was sent to Col° 
Revere which Maj"" Bronville carried 

Ans"" I cannot, but think 'twas after the 30'*" certain I am 
'twas several days after our landing — I cannot positively 
say 'twas not before the 30''' 

Questions Col° Revere 

Ques* How often did 1 come on board the Ordnance Brig: 
after our baggage was cari-ied on shore — 

Ans"" Very seldom, you was not on board every day & when 
you came 'twas on particular business, to shift yourself 
or to do something relative to the service — I particularly 
remember that you several days, saw'd of the fuzes of 
the Shells, which you said were too long & seem'd always 
anxious to be on shore as soon as possible, & refused to 
stay & drink Coffee »S: dine when I had asked him — 
Sworn to as above 

Attest Peabody Cler 



282 DOCrMKXTARY HISTOIIY 

Tcsl Iiikjui/ of ('(i/il ('(irne.s. 

V>q'\\\v: ajijxiiiitctl In- the lldti'' ('ouiiscll to ( oiiimand the 
^farincs ini hoard the Ship Piiiii;iiii I):iu' Waters Esq"" Oom- 
iiiaiKicr for tlu; Penobsciit Mxpcrdit ioii. After Itciiiir their 
some days I Kee'' onh-rs from the ( 'ommidoi-e to liave my 
^lariiies in order to Land, with the troo])s In the Flem- 
ing of the 28"' of July, to l>and on the Right, — tiieir was 
orderd IssueM out the Night before, for Col' Revear to Land 
with Ili-s men, as a Reserve C'orpes, and to Keep as close in 
the Rear as possible. His Corps landed, to the left, of the 
]\Iarines. I supposed him to be with them, but did not then 
see him sometime after the Marines was engag'd, they keept 
on the beach, till the tr()()]).s liad gott possestion of the hights, 
and did not come to the top. of hights, till some time after 
the Troops had bolted, and the lines laid out, he Col° Revere 
left his men on Shoar and went on board the Transport at 
Brekfast time, and Dinner time, towards evening, he went 
on board again and all his men went allso, he came on Shoar 
the next morning, at evening went on Board again, and for 
Several days after he could not be found, and more espicial- 
ly the Night the Battary was errected at the edge of the 
Wood, Gen' Wodsworth ask after him Several times, and 
Could not find him. and the Gen' finally Requested Cap' 
Cushing to cut out the ambersures, — the Captans of the 
Fleet was oblidge to gett his Cannon on Shoar, and hall them 
into the Battarys, he hardly ever was their to see or to give 
any orders about them, Several days aftei-, Gen' Lovell 
enquired after him. »\: Some of the Gentlemen answerd he 
never can be found, on wliirh He Orilerd one of them to 
Issue it in Gen' orders for him to ( 'ome on Shoar, and encamp 
with his men, and J^ikewise orderd a Letter wrote him which 
was done and Sent him, and Whilst I was on Shoar, I hardly 



OF THE STATE OF ^fAIXE 2S3 

ever See him in the Battary to give any orders, he would 
be in a brest Work 1 or 2 hundred Yards Distance to see 
where the shott's struck, if a good Shott, he would say so, 
if a bad one he would say so. But never to give them any 
Instructions about the guns — He Derected several Peices 
himself, and I said then, I thought it impossible that a Col' 
of Artillery, should make such bad Shot, and know no more 

about Artillery T. T Carnes Cap* 

Marines of the Ship Putnam 
Sworn to before Court Sepf 29*'' 1779 

Attest O Peabody Cler 

A, Question asked by CoP Revere — 
Ques* Whether he ever saw any orders directing me to 

land with my Men on the 28*'' as a Corps de reserve — 
Ads'" Yes — 

Sworn to before Court Sepf 29*" 1779 — 

Attest O Peabodv Cler 



Stateinent of Lieut. Doivne. 

Monday July 19**^ the fleet saild from Xantaskett, & after 
putting in at Townsend to Collect the land forces, we arrivd 
on Saturday 24*'* in Penol)scut Bay, at about 7PM: the 
Commodore sent Cap* Williams & Cap* Cathcart with their 
Vessells, a head of y^ fleet to make discoveries, about 10 ° P 
M being Calm we came to Anchor Cap* Williams sent his 
boat alongside of us with a Lieu* & 15 Men Arm,d & Cap* 
Cathcart sent our boat with our 2"^ Lieut* and myself with 
12 ]\[en Arm,d we went ashore at Fox Island, tS: pretended 
to be Jjritish Sailors, k that we belonged to the Brig Hope 

we went to several Houses «S: after some Conversation 

with the People we thought proper to bring three of them 
off to our Captains, who after examining them, sent them 



284 DOCUMKNTAKY IIISTOKY 

on board the Coniniodore — next ^^orn*^ 2.")^'' made sail lV run 
np the river, about ;{ " V M came in sii^ht of the Enemys 
Fort »\: Shippinii;, when we got of the mouth of liagaduce 
River, the Commodore haild Cap' Cathcart k orderd him to 
keep on liis Starboartl Quarter, to carry orders to the Ships 
when to Anclior, as there was no signal to come to Anchor 
by Day; soon after the Commodore hove too with his ^lain 
top sail to the ^last, & the other Ships follow.d the Exanijde, 
while the Transports with three Armd Vessells, run up, off 
against the Bluff head of Bagaduce, & anchord, about this 
time several of the Ships run in k fired their Broadsides at 
the Enemy (^' they returned it without any Damage on either 
side of any eonseciucnce — except, encouraging the Enemy 
was a damage to us, & this Maneuvre was the most encour- 
aging to the Enemy of any thing we could of done at that 
time, at least if I had been amongst them I should have 

thought so about 7 ° P ]\[ came to Anchor. . the 

Troops attempted to land but were obligd to return on board 
the Transports, next day 26'*' at 12 "Clock Cap' Cathcart 
orderd me to get my Marines ready to land, which I did & 
about 5. P M landed on banks Island, which the Enemy left 
Precipitately — next morning 27"' the Marines were orderd 
on board the Different Vessells, and a Councill of War held 
on board the Commodore, about 3 P M. Cap' Cathcart 
orderd me to get ready to land at Midnight 28"' about 1 " in 
the Morning I went in the Boat*: with my Men & about 3 
Landed on the Bluff head of Bagaduce and after receiving 
several very severe & heavy fires of ^lusquetry, we drove the 
Enemy, from ground which I think they might have kept 
for ever, if they lia<l chose to defend it — as soon as I got 
up the Hill I j)usli('(l on with my Men, after the Enemy; 
till I had got to the Edge of the woods in plain sight of the 
main Fort of the Enemy and which at that time was scarce- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 285 

]j 3 feet High on the X" West: & Xorlh part of it k con- 
sidering the confusion they must have been in lV the ardor, 
which our troops were animated witli. If the Ships had 
Attacked the Enemy at that time, so as to have prevented 
the land forces from receiving any succor from the fleet, we 
could have very easily have carried the place that Morning, 
&c I have the greatest reason to think our loss would have 
been Inconsiderable — but as the Ships did not go in, the 
land forces were obligd to Encamp in the woods, where we 
lay several days before any thing material happend till one 
Night the General orderd a Body of Militia to parade at a 
little Battery we had taken from tlie Enemy, the Marines 
were also orderd down & a body of seamen from the Differ- 
ent Ships — the Object w^as to storm a Battery of the Enemy 
— in the following form the ]\Iarines under Cap^ Games 
on the Left — the Seamen on the Right, & the ^lilitia under 
Col. McCobb in the Center the whole commanded by Gen' 
Wadsworth we attackd the Battery & Carried it, but by 
reason of Irregular proceedings of the right wing we lost 
morQ men than we might or ought to have done - — a few 
days after this the Marines were orderd on board — and 
nothing very material happen. d until], I think about the O^*" 
or 10'*" of August when In consequence of the Result of a 
Council of War, Cap* Cathcart orderd me to get my ]\Iarines 
ready to go on Shore again — at the same time our first 
Lieu* & 24 went on board the Ship Hampden, our 2^ Lieu* 
& 15 Men on board the Ship Putnam ^: I went on Shore with 
25 as good Marines as ever walkd a Vessells deck, every 
OflScer & Man on board of our Vessell seem,d animated with 
a fresh flow of spirits, on thinking that we were to make a 
general attack. — on my arrival on Shore I found about 120 
]\rarines In all ; connnanded by Cap* Davis & going up a little 
farther, I saw General Lovell, with his aids Adj* General 



28G DOCIMK.NIAKY 1I1S|()|{V 

«^: alHUil .".(Ml Men- al'icr iiiaiu'U\ riiii; a link', the Gen- 
eral sent Major Ili-own iV 2 otlii-r Majors with al)()ut 200 
Men to endeavour to draw ilic iMirniv out from tlicii- Works 
after parading some time in lull view of their Fort, tlie 
General threw ont a Signal for them to retire back to the 
main l)ody, which thev accordingly began to do and just as 
they began the Reti-eat a Xund)or of the Mnemy who IkkI 
been conceald tVoui our Ii'oo])s. rusli.d out cV gave a lire ui)on 
our ^len who Broke inmiediately \- it was not in the power 
of the Best Officer in the World to have rallied them — 
nothing more was done that day, or the next — till the 13"' 
when the Marines & some of the land troops went round k 
took possession of every advantageous peice of Ground be- 
tween the Enemys fort is: shipping, this Post the General 
was determined to reinforce & hold, & he Immediately sent 
word to the Commodore that he had got the Ground He 
Avanted ».V would desire liiiu to begin the Attack on the 
Enemys ships direi-ily lunl iliis Ix'cu done Immediately we 
should have carried the Place but instead of beginning the 
Attack the Signal for all Captains was Hoisted, although 
it had been agreed on, (if the General could secure that 
ground which he then had in Possession,) that the ships 
should attack the Enemys Shipping but it is an Old, and 
very true ^faxim, ''delays are dangerous," A: so the event 
prov,d for the Enemys Keinforccment hove in sight and our 
troops obligd to Retreat from the Shore <^' our fleet oldigd 
to laiii up I'euoliscui Iii\('r. au«l our most sanguiiK^ liopes 
of expectation of concjuest, ende<l iu the general Conflagra- 
tion of our Fleet W'" |)ownc- — Lieuteiumt 

and ("ommandcrof Marines 
on Hoard the Tyrannicide 
Sworn to in Court Sepf 2U"' 1TT'.> 

Attest O Peabodv Cler 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 287 

Testimonij of dapl. PliUip Uroirn. 

July 15^" 1779 Eec'' my Orders from the Hon"'" Xavy Board, 
to Join the fleet bound to Penobscot Under the Command of 
Dudley Saltonstal Esq"", & there to put myself under his 
Command. — 

the 17**' Dropt down to TTantaskett Koad — 
19*'' Sailed from Nantaskett.— 
22'^'' Arriv'd at Townsend. — 

Sunday 25'*' Arriv'd at Penobscot Bay, at fi A: M: the 
fleet got under way bound up the Bay, at 9 A : 1\[ : T Pe- 
ceiv'd orders from the Commodore to make sail, k run up 
a Head of the fleet to see what Discoveries I could make; & 
to get what Tnteligence I could. I directly made all the sail 
I could set, & in going up Clcar'd Ship, all Hands to Quar- 
ter, & Eeady for Action; as I Imagin'd (by what T heard 
the men said which Cap'^ AVilliam's & Ccthcart had taken 
from the Island) that we should push in 1 mediately with- 
out Loss of Time: — I Run up open to the Enemies ships, 
& Eateries, Imediately at my Ccting up Three men came 
down to y® shore. Waving their Hatts as Signals for us to 
take them on Board, I mannM my Boat & ordcr'd Each man 
a Musquet for fear that they Might Meet with some Diffi- 
culty in bringing oft" the above men; as the Enemy were a 
short Distance from the Place where we were to land I Ex- 
amiuM the men that my Boat swain had before Inform VI 
me that one of them had l)een in the Enemys Lines a day 
or Two before; I think to the best of my rouiouibrance 
they told me that the Enemy ware Four Hundred & 
fifty, or Five iriuidrcil men Strong on shore. Their fort 
was not half finishM ; \- In the Accounts which they 
gave me I thought it would he a very easy Conquest. — I 
then Went to the Commodore, and when alongside of him, 



288 DOCUMKNTAKV llisiom- 

1 Sent the men (1 had taken from the shore) on lioard, (y* 
Commodore) after some time the Commodore ask'd me what 
I thought aliont goini: in; I Jicplicd there never was a l)etter 
Opportunity \- that they would soon he our Own — to which 
the Commodore answered, that none i)Ut nui(hncn wouhl go 
in before they had Keconoitred, <.^: it would be the Ilight of 
madness to atempt it. — I Receiv'd orders from the Com- 
modore to speak the TraiL-poiMs \' (H'th'i- them to an anchor 
under Cover of some AruiM Vessells. — The next morning 
at 9 "Clock received orders from the Commodore to put to 
sea to lieconoiter the Coast. The 28"" at G A. ]\I. saw a sail, 
gave Chace; at sun down came Up with the above sail & 
found her to be a Schooner from Halifax with Dispatches 
for Gen' McCleane, — which Dispatches had been Destroy'd 
by the Commanding Officer on Board, who was a Midship- 
man belonging to the Blonde Frigate, — who inform'd me 
tliat the Blonde Frigate, & Hope Brigg, had both sailed for 
Xew York (a fortnight before) & that they were look'd 
for every Moment, with money to pay off the men and that 
transports were all ready at Halifax to take his friends on 
Board for Penobscot, writing him that there w^are some ships 
that ware Expected there from England. I made all the 
Dispatch I could Back to Penobscot it being thick weather, 
& but small winds I did not get up till y^ 30^*" — went on 
Board the Commodore then with my Proceedings. 

I took a man with me / Between 9 & 10 "'Clock in ye 
Evening found him on his bcil in his (^abbiii told him 
what the Midshipman told me — he said he was fatigued & 
would examine him at another time. — The Commodore told 
me that I must go to sea again Imeadiately, I Desired him 
to let me have the Liberty to go after a Ten Gun Schooner 
that Lay in a Harbour a Little to the Eastward of us; the 
Commodore Said that she was not worth going after, but 



OF THE .STATE OF MAINE 289 

it was of more Consiqiience to look out for a Reinforcement, 
& to give him the Earlyest Notice Possil)]c: — The 31'* Got 
under way the State's Brig Active, & Schooner Rover, (l^e- 
longing to Salem) in Company, Cruiz'd till the 6'" August 
then Return'd to the fleet, was ordered out again Imeadiately 
did not come to an anchor; Cruiz'd till y" 10^'' when I Re- 
turn'd; Receiv'd Orders from the Commodore to put to sea 
again;— Saturday 14''> at half after Two P. M: Dis- 
cover'd five Square Rig'd Vessels, (the weather someting 
Hazey) Spoke the Active, & Rover; Cap' Parker (of y* 
latter) told me that he had heard of them 3 Days before 
but it being so thick, and light wind, he could not get in 
before. I Imediately Bore away for our fleet, (made all 
the sail I could pack) when near enough to be seen made the 
Signals that was ordered in Case of Seeing any Ships in 
the Bay. — Came to an anchor that Night, the next Morning 
Saw the Signal for all Captains to Come on Board y® Com- 
modore, was preparing myself to go on Board the Warren, 
when the Commodore's boat with One of the Lieut' came 
on Board, who Inform'd me it was the Commodore's orders 
that I sliould get under way, & Look dowu the West Side 
of Long Island, which I imediately Complied with ; Sent 
my Boat & Six men to Discover if any of the Enemies Ships 
were Coming up y® West Channel ; at 2 P. !M : saw the 
Enemies ships Standing up the Bay in the East Channel 
& none in y^ West with a fresh of Wind; — all our Arm'd 
Vessels got under way, some of them made for the North 
end of Long Island as If they Intended to go Down the 
West Passage; — When I found the Vessels (or Bigcst part 
of them) ware Setting their Steering Sails & making off 
before the Wind up the River, I got under way, Determin'd 
to share with my Commander, & Obey such orders as might 
be given me by my Superiors ; — I saw that every Vessel was 

19 



290 DOCu>rEXTAi;Y iiistoky 

making tlic V>vM of a Imd r>ai\i:aiii A: iiulevoui'ing to get up 
the River as fast as Possible, — took Pattern by y"" & for 
fear of lieiiig run over (being a small Vessel) run as fast 
as my Xeiglibours. — Wben ArivM to the ITead of tlie River 
came to an Anchor abont Two ]\Iiles below the Falls; where 
Cap" Hacker, Williams Cethcart, & myself went on shore 
to pitch upon a Place of Ground to fortifie, & Defend our 
Vessels as long as Possible, — but did not detennin on any 
Place! — Concluded to go Down the River to look for the 
Commodore, in Company with the aforementioned Gentle- 
men. — The first ship we came to was y® Vengeance & to our 
great Surprize found they were Landing their men in order 
to leave their ship, I ask'd them what they ware about, they 
Answer'd that they ware bound Home, as there was a Road 
a Breast of their ship that led Straight through the Woods; 
— I Ask'd \^ weithcr they did not Intend to Stay with us 
& Defend our Vessels, Answ"" was mailc lliat their People 
was Very Uneasy & Came for no longer Seage than Eighteen 
Days, and would Stay no longer, their Time being out; — 
We then Proceeded Down in Search of the Warren, after 
Rowing 5 or 6 Miles Saw a Vessel Plow up which we 
Imagin'd to be the Warren however we pusht forward & 
met with Cap" Waters, k Holmes, wlio InformM us that 
they came from the Commodores ship; that the Vessel which 
we saw Plow up was the Ordenance Brig; that the Com''"'"® 
had Lan(l('(l One Boat load nf men \- was DeterminM to 
Blow the shij) up Imediately; — therefore thought it need- 
less to proceed any further ; Got on Board soon after Dark, 
when I ordered my Master to give the people Cloth to make 
them Knapsacks to put their Provision & Cloaths in; — 
about 11 P: M : Cap^ Hacker CallM to me & Inform'd me 
that the General had come up from the Commodore & De- 
sired that we might sen<l <Mir Moats Down to tow him up; 



OF THE STATE OF MAI>'E 291 

I sent my Boat with an Officer & Six men as soon as Pos- 
sible; — The news of the Commodores being like to get up 
put new Life in my Officers, & men, & wish'd for nothing 
more than to fortify, & Defend our Vessels! — The Next 
Morning to my great Surprize Saw one of the Transports 
on fire, Soon after the Ship Black Prince was set on fire, 
without any orders I believe from any one that had Com- 
mand; which set fire to the Ship Monmouth, a jSTumber of 
Vessels not having any men Landed, «& the Ships on fire 
within half Musquet Shot of them and their Guns loaded! 
I thought myself in as much Danger as if I had an Enimy 
to Engage ; — I Imediately went on shore to get some Boat 
or flatt to get Cap' Hacker's men on shore, (he having no 
Boat along side) got a Lighter on Board him. — The Ilaz- 
zards People Crying out for god sake to Fetch them off a 
Boat (to get ashore) as they had none alongside & Expected 
every moment to be sett on fire by the Two ships that ware 
on Fire; — after Calling in Vain for Some time for some 
person to Assist me in getting a Boat in to the Water (as they 
all Lay a Ground) was at Last Assisted by General Lovell 
& my own Carpenter; — with my Own Carpenter went on 
board the Hazzard to relieve the People, they InformM me 
that their ship had Caught fire from the ships (thet was on 
fire) but they had put it out again: — 

Before I landed my men the Carpenters ^latc <Jc One of 
the People came on Board me from the AVarren (& TnforniM 
me that they were all Hands Ordered on shore the Xight 
before, the Warren then laying Twelve, or Fifteen ^Miles 
below us) these Persons I suplicd with Provisions & Cloaths. 

Philip Brown 
Commander Continental Brig" Diligent 

The Deponent add that it is his opinion that Our fleet 
might have destroy'd the encmys Ship" without the assist- 



292 DOCU.MENTAKV IllSTOKY 

aiice of Ceil' Lovcll at any time hciore the arrival of their 
reinforcement, or eompelTd tlieni to have destroy'd them- 
selves — also that if the Sliij)'' had hcen destroy'd it is his 
opinion that a junction of tlic LmikI army lV Navy might 
have forced the enemy's works — 

The above deposition with the aihlition was Sworn to in 
Court Sept' 29^'' 1779 — 

Attest O Peabody Cler 



Statement of Major Todd. 

The following arc a State of Facts Respecting the Penob- 
scot Expedition — 

On the 2""^ of July last I Received Orders from Gen' Lovell 
to Pepair to tlie County of York and at the Town of Wells 
in that County receive the Troops raised for the Expedition 
against Penobscot. 

I arrived there the 6"" delivered dispatches to Brig"" Gen' 
Frost and likewise (from him) to several of his field Offi- 
cers. — From this date to the 12"" I expected hourly to Re- 
ceive said Troops ])ut finding none Rendczvous'd I dispatched 
Expresses to Gen' Frost & the Com'''' of Regements request- 
ing in the strongest terms that they would comply with the 
Orders of Councel respecting the alx)ve Expedition — On 
the 13^'' I had Received from the whole County only Sixty 
Men, several of which were bro' ])y force of Arms. — On the 
14'" I Received orders from Gen' Lovcll to March by Land 
to Cascobay and on the IS'*" I set out with One Hundred and 
Thirty Men and on the 17"^ arrived there, where I found 
transports for our Reception. — 



OF Tin: STATE OF ^fAIXE 293 

As it may be of some consiquence to know whether the 
Militia officers of the County of York did expedite and 
Comply with the orders of Councel or other Superior Offi- 
cers, I lodge a Copy of the number to be Raised by each 
Company in that County, & the Xames and Number of 
Each Marched and delivered to me from the C**' to the 

16'*" — As soon as the Transports were prepared we 

embarked our troops and Xotwithstanding all this Dificulty 
arrived at Townsend before the Fleet from Boston. The 
fleet however the second day appeared of and on the 24'*" we 
sailed for Majabigwaduce off of which we arrived the 25"^ 
— and that Evening endeavored to Effect a landing but on 
Account of Unfavoraljle Weather we were obliged to desist — 
On the 2C' We took possession of an Island in the entrance 
of Majabigwaduce River, the Enemy precepti tally leaving 
that post and the next day we had a Battery Erected con- 
taining 2 .18 p" 1 . 12 p" & 1 Howitzer The Enemies 
Shiping in the course of the Night slip'd their Cables and 
Run up the River. — On the 28"^ According to Gen' Orders 
— a Gen' assault was to be made on the Penunsula, — This 
was to be effected at Sunrise but the time elapsed on account 
of the Backwardness of some of the principal Officers. — 

It ever has been my Opinion that the force we had to 
Oppose on our landing (had these Officers been dextrous) 
would not have been so great; they would not have had had 
time to time to have Reinforced their pickett. — The land- 
ing was Made & we Received a heavy discharge of ]\Ius- 
quetry, the Repetition of which was for near 20 Minutes 
without Intermission' and the success of that Assault was 
as much owing to the Gen'" ordering of all the boats as soon 
as the Troops disembarked as to the Personal bravery and 
Resolution of the Officers and Soldiers. Yet there was some 
Unworthy this Sentiment and who behaved with the greatest 



294 DOCL-.MKNTAKY HISTORY 

Fiirtitude. — The shipiiiij had fired a little at tlio Enerav and 
the Morning of the hiiidini!; for a few minutes furiously 
cannonaded the ground to dislodge them on which we were 
to take post, and to facilitate our landing — As soon as the 
Height was gained intrenching tools kc were forwarded and 
we hegau to form lines in case of being Attacked and to Erect 
Advanced Batteries — On the 29 IJuisily employed in fin- 
ishing some small works, the Gen' out all day Reconoitring. 
— 30'*' Got up almost an inaccessible hill sundry pieces of 
Cannon, And on the 31*' — our lines then being in good order 
the Gen' told the Commodore he was Ready for further 
Movements. — but he hesitated aliout the ivistiiie of entering 
the Harbor with his Shiping on Account of a Battery by 
the Water edge of three six pounders only — Orders this 
Evening were given for a party of Troops consisting of land 
& sea forces to hold themselves in Readiness and towards 
Morning — August 1, Gen' Wadsworth with these — Troops 
attacked and carried the Battery. We Remained on the 
Ground till daylight but it did not appear possible to hold 
a post at that part of the Island till the Shiping was taken 
or demolished, for no Retreat or Communication could be 
Commanded by any other post from this quarter except 
along the Beech where the Enemies Ships lay — from this 
circumstance it was tho' most Adviseable to Retire. — Noth- 
ing now to Obstruct Our Shiping except the Enemies Cit- 
tadel, the distance of which was from Channell Nealy One 
Mile And from the situation of the Ground it appeared 
evident to me that the ships could not be Annoyed in their 
Hulls except by a Random shot, nor could they Receive any 
damage in their Rigging except from the same and part of 
this Risque only continued while entering the River for the 
ground Assended from the Enemies Cittadel at one place in 
such a Manner that towards the Latter part of the seige 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 295 

ihey extended their Works on the South corner of their ^lain 
fort in order to command that part of the Pennnsula & 
chanel which was before not exposed in which work was 
placed one 12 p"" and a field piece — 

The Enemies Ships lay across the Iliver, but had taken 
out Most of their Guns for the land service sev^eral of which 
then lay on the Beech.— The 2""* ?/^ 4"' & 5'" some part — 
Kainy the Troops employed in building hutts for the secur- 
ity of themselves & Amunition. The Genr' exceedingly un- 
easy that the Shiping. do not enter the River a large Fatigue 
party employ'd to ihrmv a Work up near to a ^larsh, in 
order to suport a communication with the Main. The Cap- 
tains of the Private Vessells of War very dissatisfied with 
being at Penobscot and I expected them to leave us how- 
ever the Marsh being now well secured a Retreat to the 
main was at any time in our pov/er therefore loosing them 
caused no violent Apprehensions. The Gen' daily impatient, 
Wrote to the Commodore Requesting whether he w** go in 
to the River and attack the Enemys ships Am un- 
acquainted with the Ans"" Rec^ Some officers Conduct in my 
Oppinion very unsoldierlike, Some Com^" of Corps seldom 
with them. Cap' Goodwin of Barwick unworthy of a 
Comm" 

From the 6"' to the defeat constant Councels — Several 
small scrimishes, a covert way made of the ^larsh — which 
was a secure Retreat several diversions made to draw out 
the Enemy which ans*^ effectually but was so unhappy as not 
to have spiretcd exercions take place, the Troops not Re- 
garding the orders of their Officers — The Gen' still ex- 
pressing his surprise that the Enemies Ships were suffered 
to lay unmolested by the Commodore, it was not possible for 
the land forces to attempt anything further except to storm, 
without the ships were destroyed. — And in that case there 



200 DOCIMKNTAUY IlISiXtRY 

seemed to be a ji^reat prosjK'ct of success. — This prospect, 
an Assent exceedin^lv (laiiixcrous to lie Keassuniod a;i:;ain. — 
lines of defence made and a liciicat lo ihc Main secui-ed 
in my Opinion. — .Made it appfar to me that the greatest 
e.\orcions should he used and that the Army at ahnost every 
hazard should hold that po.st 'till the daily Expected pleas- 
ure of Councel was known. — 

The Gen' very Assiduous in tryin<!; his Troops and we 
different times experienced thcin to he Kaw & uiidicij)Iined 
— By far too many Boys and Aged: However it was Re- 
solved, by the Gen' on the W^ to make one determined trial 
with them And he Personally took tne Command the Gen' 
took the Ground he wanted k despatched a ^[essuage to the 
Commodore, Informing liini that if he would enter wnth his 
shiping ho would maintain that Ground at the Risque of 
his army At 6 Oclock P: M: I inform'd the Gen' that I 
discoverd Five or Six sail of Ships off Fox Islands — for 
some time it Remaind a doubt it being foggy but towards 
the Close of the day inteligence arrived. The gen' ordered 
a Retreat to our lines and at 12 that Night had information 
of their being Ships of Force — The Gen directed the 
Army immediately parraded Ordered the Art*' & Stores on 
Board the Transports directed that Fatigue party secure the 
Entrenching tools which with every other article of con- 
siquonce was on Board by day light, by Sunrise the 
Troops were the same and Orders were given to proceed up 
the River. — The Tide being upon Ebb & very Calm it could 
not be Effected but with the next tide proceeded as fast as 
possible 

When we had arrived Opposite Fort Pownal Gen' had 
information by Cap' Salter that the Commodore was very 
much dejected and as the Troops were then Six or Seven 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 297 

Miles above the Armed Vessells and expecting the matter 
v'ould in some Measure l)e dispirited of MajaBigwaduce 

there appeared to be no danger of any Misfortune.. 

The Gen' therefore Committed the Care of the Transports 
to Gen Wadsworth. & Requested him to go on shore at Fort 
Pov/nal and see if that was a proper phice to fortify, giving 
orders at the same time to the Troops Respecting their 

Conduct 

The Gen' proceeded d(nv'n tlie Bay to Encourage the Com- 
modore in his distress and I attended the Gen' on board of 
the Warren — where we found him seemingly in low spirits 
and was told that they (the officers of the Xavy) had con- 
cluded to Run up the River and was then a getting under 
way, the Enemy's first division of Shipping being at the 
distance of Two Miles wath a fresh breeze from the south- 
ward and under full sail, — finding this to be the Case In- 
formed the Gen' and he express'd his surprize at the Move- 
ments being Just Resolved on. The Warren then had but 
little wind — the Transports above lay Becalmed, and The 
Gen' Hastened to his Troops to give further directions, but 
before we could Reach them the Breeze increasing the 
Armed Vessells came up with us Cap' Williams took The 
Gen' on Board the Hazard — and as soon as we came abrest 
of the Transports I was directed to take the Boat k carry 
orders to the Transport Sally . ! That they should not de- 
stroy the Vessell while out of Pistol shot of the Enemy, 
and In case the Enemy cut them of & they Obliged to go 
on shore that they should Repair up the River to the Hazard 
where the Gen' then was from the time of my leaving the 
Hazard to my getting to the above Transport, where was 
the Gen'^ Bagage, & my own & the Rest of the Gen'* Family. 
I Observed that the transports must inevitably go ashore or 
come to anchor-. 1 therefore tho' it adviseable to secure 



298 DOCUMEXTAKV IIISTOKV 

the small neecssarv luiiraue Ix'loiiiiiii^f to the Gen' but not 
by any order or atteuiinn that was ])ai(l to it by him 

I Ketiiniecl to the lla/ard aiiil in the l']\ enini;. was ordered 
by C^en' Lo\ell to Ketnrn lo the li-ansports that then were 
left at Sandy point some at Auehor some aground Some 
in Flames and others near the same Ruin. — The Fleet did 
not oifer to protect the Transports, — The Ships Hunter & 
Ilamden & the Brig defence were cut of from the fleet before 
they could Reach Fort pownal. — Wlicu I ariived at the 
Transports along with L' Litilc the J'roops had entered the 
Woods and could not be found. — therefore the orders I had 
Received from the Gen' Viz to order them up the River was 
out of my power to Execute and I Returned on Hoard the 
hazard that evening, only learning that Gen' Wadsworth 
was with them, On our Return as we passed the Ship Sky 
Rocket L' Little Asked Cap^ Burke what he designed doing. 
Cap Burke ans'' Burn my Vessel 1, my men have left me 
and she is aground — We desired him to keej) her if pos- 
sible with which he seemed to agree, i)ut in less than half 
an Hour we discovered her in flames the Enemies Ships 
laying their at near one Miles distant 

Sundry Boats likewise from the Enemy's Ships took 
away a Schooner from very near the Commodore without 
Molestation The Ordnance Brig on board of which was our 
Ordnance. Stores Ariilh'ry Corps and indccil great depend- 
ence for future defence was left among the Transports and 
with all sails set cleared herself the following Night & Run 
several miles up the River, strict attention was not paid to 
her by those under wdiose care she was nor by the Com- 
manding Officer of our Artillery — for had the stores been 
secured by that corps & they kept together the defence up 
the River would have been facilitated much 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 299 

The next morning at day light the Gen Hastened down to 
the Transports or Rather to find his Troops that had left 
them & give me directions to collect such parties as might 
come up the River in his absence but none Appeared 

On our Arrival at the head of the Tide Cap*^ Hacker 
Williams, Cathcart and IJrown seemed very desirous of 
fortifying and T with them went on Shore to look out an 
advantageous place to mount some Cannon, the people be- 
long^ to these vessells seemingly were very satisfied. Advan- 
tageous emminences on each side of the River being N'umer- 
ous & tbc weidth not more in some places than One 
Hundred yards, in many places less where fortifications were 
necessary, it is Obvious it was a place easy to be defended. — 
The Hector the Black prince and some other vessels coming 
up. the Crews of these Vessells used every art to bring on a 
total disembarkation it was effected and the Crews of the 
Vessel determinately agreed to land the next morning not- 
withstand^ the greatest endeavors of the above Xamed 
Ofiicers which were for defending their Vessells. The 
Gen' Returned & personally desired them to fortify and 
informed the Commanders of Shipps &:c he would soon have 
Troops sufficient to protect them, That it was shocking to 
think of destroying such a fleet when it might easily be 
defended — 

JSTotwithstanding without any Consultation or order that 
I ever could find, the Next Morning the Hector and T31ack 
Prince were on Flames without any previous Notice and the 
Officers and Crew's of several Vessells thereby exceedingly 
exposed — 

Capt Holmes did not destroy his Vessell 'till the Crew's 
of the whole had left them and he with the Gentlemen be- 
fore mentioned that wished to fortify seeing themselves de- 
serted set fire to their Vessells also — 



',](]() DOOl'MKNTAliY IIISTOKY 

The (ien' tiiulin^- his tarrv there would he of no use had 
determined to go down the River, hiil haviuu; information 
that the Indians had coniniiited some outrages and heing 
importuned hv the inhahitauts of that quarter to whom the 
Indians ean at any time strike terror if in an Opposite in- 
trest, Knowing that Cien' Wadsworth was with the Remains 
of the Army and lindiiiu' that ("olo. Mitchel and U Colo 
Revere Directed l>y him as he said io Ke[iair iij) the River 
witli their forces had not Regarded his commands But I 
never heard or saw any General orders given to that 
purpose — 

The Gen' heing sensihle of (iuards only heing necessary 
at Camden, wliich Gen Wadsworth would not post, he 
Concluded to take the Indian Route — where he Negociated 
a truce appeased the minds of the Trihe and settled with 
them on as permanent terms as their Honor will admit 
After a long Fatigue I Arrived with him at Kenebeck. End 

William Todd 
Boston Sep"" 28'" 1770 Maj""" Brigade 

I further add that it was easy (in my opinion) for Our 

Fleet to have attacked & destroy'd the enemys Shiping at 

any time before the arrival of the enemy's reinforcement — 

this would have facilitated the reduction of the land forces 

of the enemy., by giving us a more advantageous post in 

their Rear — & would have been of very essential benefit 

to the Service — 

Will: Todd M. B: — 

This Deposition with the addition below was Sworn to 
in Court Sept^ 29''' 1779 

Attest O Peabody Cler 

I was desir'd by Gen' Lovell several times to wait on CoP 
Revere at his Tent k request him to attend at the Generals 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 301 

Marque- — but I never found liiin I here more than once, T 
went I think four times — Gen' LoncII said lliat he was sur- 
prized at Col° Ilevcre's inattention 1o his du\y — tliis con- 
versation attend to his being frequently out of Camp, when 
I went to the Camp I was told by the Officer that he was on 
board the Vessels — I heard Gen' Wadsworth say in Gen' 
Lovells Marque, that if the seige continued seven years (if 
it was possible to avoid it) — he should not ask him to take 

any Command — 

Will: Todd, M B 
Sworn to as above 

Attest O Peabody Cler 



Resolve on Memorml of Jahez Meigs. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives 

Sepf 29- 1779 

On the Memorial of Jabcz Meigs, Commissary at Fal- 
mouth in y® County of Barnstable Setting forth that besides 
the Sums he has rec'' by order of this Court he has been 
obliged to Incur a Considerable debt, to procure Supplys for 
the Troops stationed at s'' Place, & the Militia Called in on 
the late Alarm, & praying that he may be enabled to dis- 
charge the debts he has contracted, by being Supplyed with 
Money for that purpose — 

Resolved that there be paid out of the Treasury of this 
State to s" Jabez IMeigs the Sum of Three Thousand pounds 
to enable him to discharge s** debts he giving a rec^ to be 
accountable for the same, & that he be directed to lay his 
ace* of Expenditures for the Militia called in on the late 



;^02 



DOCl'MKNTAKY HISTOHY 



alarm, before this C\)urt, as soon as possible for allowance 

& payment — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

Jcliii Tlancock Spk^ X 

In Council Sep* 29, 1779 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Sec'y 

Warrant drawn this day 

Consented to — 

Jer: Powell I). Davis A. Fuller 

A Ward .Afoses Gill J Stone 

Sam' Adams B White N. Goodman 

T Gushing O Prescott Sam' Baker 

F. M. Dana Jno. Pitts IT. Gardner 



Statement of GUhert \\. Speakman. 

Being appointed by the Hon' Council of this State, Com- 
missary of Ordnance, on Wednesday the 14*'' of July, I 
sailed from Boston with Gen' Lovell in the State Yatch, 
landed at Castle Island, from thence went on board the 
Ordnance Brig* then laying al)rcast the Castle to take on 
board the Artillery men — The next morning came to sail 
& went to Xantasket Road, where we lay untill the monday 
following, when the fleet received Orders for Sailing — 
came to Sail ab' 5 "Clock A : M :, but the Brig* Stretch'd off 
Ar on for some time to wait for L* Col" Revere & others, wlio 
went the evening before to Boston in y° Barge — after they 
came on board, we proceeded with the rest of the fleet to 
Townscnd, where I received from the inhabitants (by Order 
of y" Gen') One Iron twelve pound cannon with some amuni- 
tion & shott for the same, between Eighty &, one hundred 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 303 

rounds — On our arrival at Penobscot Bay came to anchor 
abreast the Heights of Magibigwados — The Armed Ships 
came to anchor near the mouth of the Paver, where the 
Ennemy lay, & a severe cannonade commenced from the 
Shipping, which was frequently repeated, — Xot having any 
journal, I can't say the particular days the several attacks 
were made, but to the best of my memory, it was on the day 
of our arrival, or the next an attempt was made to land, 
which failed — The day after a landing was effected on an 
island on the opposite side of the River from the Ennemy — 
On the morning of the 2T^ July the troops with the assist- 
ance of the Marines landed, & took possession of the Heights 
of Magibigwaduce & so far as I am a judge, think the Officers 
& men deserve their Country's thanks for their activity & 
bravery — On the 11*'' or 12**' of Aug* received Orders from 
Gen' Lovell to collect all the Ordnance Stores that were loose 
in the several Forts to some safe & convenient place, which 
was done, & in the course of the night & next day, they with 
the heavy Artillery were got on l)oard the transports ; except 
what was on Hacker's Island — On the 13*" l)cing on Shore 
& seeing a movement of the Army, desirous of seeing the 
opperations, &; hearing the fleet were going in to attack the 
Ennemy's Shipping, went to the place where Gen' Lovell 
was paraded with a part of his Army between the Ennemy's 
main Fort «& their Shipping, , k by his desire T had a Box 
of cartridges carried down to sn]iply the Troops, & as far 
as I could judge they seem'd determined to stand their 
Ground, but a Shower of Rain coming up, & news being 
brought of the appearance of a reinforcement of the Ennemy, 
a Retreat was ordered — in the course of the night & early 
next morning most of the Troops embarked, \' then ordered 
up the river; the Wind being liglit were obliged some lime 
to tow — When we came al)reast Vovi point tlie transports 



304 DOCUMKN TAKY llISldllY 

came to anchor — in the afternoon came to sail, & made up 
the River, & seeiiic: tlic armed Vessclls under sail, & the 
Ordnance TJrii;' near the rear tA' the Ti ansports, I freequent- 
ly urged to Cap' Brown the necessity of making what sail 
he could, that the Brig* was of more consequence than any 
of the transports, — he told me he was ohliged to attend the 
Orders of the Agent for the Transports, and if he kep't up 
with & as near him as possible, he was in the way of his Duty 
or words to that Effect — I Rec'' an extract from Gen' 
Orders where I was directed to collect all the Shott; Amuni- 
tion kc scattered thro the transports, and also to pack up four 
Royals belonging to the IMonmouth, & send them on board 
her as soon as possible, which order our scituation rendered 
impracticable to comply Avith — our Armed Vessells soon 
coming up with <&: passing us, Cap' Brown made what sail 
he could to get up the River, but the current setting very 
strong against us, & the Ennemy's Ships gaining very fast 
upon us, I went on Shore in a small boat, Cap' Brown ran 
his Brig' on Shore between two Vessells on fire, and the 
loose powder that lay about, from the hurry when the amuni- 
tion was put on board, made it very hazardous for any per- 
son to stay any longer on board 

Gilbert W Speakman 
Sworn to in Court Sepf 80'" 1770 

Attest O Peabody Cler 



Statemeni of AivV^ McTntycr. 

I embarqued on board the Samuel Transport the l-i"* of 
July, under L' Col Revere, bound to Penobscot, The day 
after we arived there, I was Ordered by Col Revere to com- 
mand a field piece in the Attack on Banks's Island, which 



OF THE statp: of maixe 305 

I obeyed, I staid there that night, and the next day, till 
night, when I was ordcrd on ])oard the Transport, when I 
got there which was late at Xight. I received Orders from 
Col Revere, to hold my self in readiness to land, without 
Cannon, and with our Muskets. On the 28*'' I landed in 
the Boat, with Col. Revere, as soon as we were formed. Col 
Revere Ordered us to March which we did imediately; to 
the right, where we found Gen' Lovcl, we followed him up 
the Steep, and kept close to his rear, We formed one line, 
from right to left; Col Revere was in front. Cap* Cushing 
on the Right, and Cap* Lincoln on the left, the woods being 
exceedingly thick we marched on till we were Orderd to 
halt by Gen' Lovel. Wile we were halting, two J\Iarine3 
came along, and enquired for Cap* Carnes, Col Revere asked 
them, what Cap* Carnes; they said Cap* Carnes of the 
Marines, they said they had lost him, a short time after 
Cap* Carnes came along, he went up to Col Revere, and 
shook hands with him, Col" Revere told him, some of his men 
were looking for him, and that they thought he was lost. 
Just after he was gone, Cap* Cushings company, to which I 
belonged, received Orders to git a field piece on shore. I 
went with the Comp''' and we were employed till the 30*'' in 
gitting our Cannon on shore during which Time Col Revere 
was constantly with us giveing directions, that afternoon we 
Opened the Battery, Col Revere was there most of that after- 
noon, giving directions ; he Visited the Battery, several times 
a day, every time I was on duty, which was almost every 
other day. whenever there was an alarm I always found 
him there. I ne\er Knew him absent from Camp, without 
he left word were he was gone, I messed with him, from 
the time we left the Castle, till We landed, up the river, on 
the retreat, I saw him after we got on shore, but in the 
Confusion, I was seperated from him I do declare that dur- 

20 



306 DOCl'MKNTAKY IIISTOKY 

iiig, the whole expedition, in my opinion. He behaved him- 
self like a *rood Officer, i icmemhcr some (lavs before we 
retreated, when he came from a Couiifil, He called some of 
his Officrs and told them they must prepare some Field pecis, 
for it was determined to attack the Enemies Shippinf^. I 
observed he looked very ehearfnl. T could not help remark- 
inc; it. T said I thouirhf some thiiii;: Avas froing; to be done 
the Col. looks so chearfull T came thro the woods with Cap' 
dishing and did not see Col Tvevcre till T got to Boston, 
When I got to fort Western I found Col Revere was just 
gone down the River in a Battoo, and had given Orders for 
ns to proceed to Boston. 

And" ]\r''Tntyer Lieut Artillery 

I further add that On the 2^^^ the whole of the Matrosses 
landed, on the same day Col° Revere order'd Cap' Gushing 
with the whole of his Company to go on board & bring a field 
peice on shore, they brought it, that Night that whole Com- 
pany slept on board the transport — Col° Revere sup'd & 
lodg'd there Breakfasted the Next Morn^, after Breakfast 
went on shore, came on board again cV din'd, went on shore 
after Dinner, & return'd at Night Sup'd »fe lodg'd on Board 
& went on shore the next Morn*^ betwixt 8. & 9 "Clock — we 
then carried Our Tents & Camp Equipage & continued on 
shore 'till the retreat — Cap' Lincoln's Company which re- 
main'd constantly on shore from the time of Our landing 
had not their Tents & Camp e(]nipage, till we carried theirs 
with ours on shore 

And" M*=Intyer 

Quest"" asked by Col" Revere 

Quest" Do you know whether T gave orders on the 30'" to 
Cap' Cushing for him with his Company to encamp on 
shore in future — 



OF Tin: STATE OF .MAINE 307 

Ans"" Such orders were given rather hefore 8 o'Clock in the 

Morning 

This Deposition, with tlie addition & answers to the 

Question asked hv Col" Kcverc, Sworn to before Court 

Sepf 30*'' 

Attest O. Peabody Cler 



Testimony of Waterman Thomas. 

I Waterman Thomas, of Lawfull Age, Testify, and Say; 
that on the 28'*^ July AD 1779 in the Morning of that In- 
stant, about the Sun Riseing, I landed on Majabigaduee 
Neck, under the Command of the Honb'^ Gen^ Lovell, and 
after Recovering the Heiths, being about One hundred 
Roads from the Enemies ]\rain Fort, I Received Order to 
Halt, about 2 OClock P M I informed the Gen' that the 
Enemy, ware Collecting the Cattle, up Majabigaduce River, 
and Driveing them on to the Xeck, the Gen' gave me Orders 
to march the Company of Volintears. Immediately over 
to the ]\[ain, in Order to Protect the Inhabitants and to Cut 
of all communication, of the Enemy to the Main, which 
Plan I that Evening effected, A few Days after a Batterry, 
was Erected on Majabigaduce River in Order to Destroy 
the Enemies Ships, in which One Eighteen Pound Cannon 
and One ISTine was i\rounted, and a Brass Field Piece, a 
few Days after the Batterry was Opened, I heard Cap* 
Wescot, who was afterwards Pilot tell Cap' Salteston, that 
he could Carry the Warren, and all the Ships up ]\rajabiga- 
duce River about two Miles above the Enemies Ships, and 
also told him their was Plenty of Warter up the South Bay, 
four Miles for his Ship, to Lay a float at low Warter, I 



308 J)OCi;.MENTAJCV iiistui;y 

mainlaineJ my Poat iit the iKitterrv, above .Mentiiicd uutill 
the l-i'** of August following, When I Riceived Orders about 
1 oClock in the ^I(trnin<r, to Avaciiate Said Batterry, and git 
the Field Peice to the Shear, wliich 1 effected, and Saved 
the same from faling into the Eneniios hand; at the Sallaing 
out about ;K)0 of the Eniniies I IJetreated back into the 
Woods, with the Loss of One ]\ran, I Retreated as far as 
Fort Pownal, when I Kceeived Orders from Prig"" Gen' 
Wadsworth, to take 50 Volentears and go over to Majabiga- 
duce River, and Ano}' the Enemy, and Prevent them from 
Plundering the Inhabitants, but before I Received Pro- 
vision for the oMen, I saw our Ships comeing up the Bay 
towards Fort Pownall, on the Sight of which, our Trans- 
ports immediate^ made Sail, and Proceeded up Penobscut 
River, as fast as Possable, but the Wind being small, and 
the Tide Ruuing Strong, made luit Slow way a head, the 
Ships takcing a fresh Breze of Wind dowii the Sound, came 
up with them very fast, and Soon Run by them, that when 
they Entred the Karrows, the Tide being so Strong and the 
Enemies Ships so Kigh. many of the Transports had no 
other Altarnative but to Run on Shoar in Order to Save the 
Troops from falling into the Enemies hands, when I came 
into the Xarrows with Brig"" Gen' Wadsworth, and Doc"" 
Downer, from the Hols-pital, with a Number of Sick, and 
Wounded, many Transports ware Run on Shoar, and One 
in the Chanil a Starn of the Commodore Ship, on fire. Im- 
mediately after the Enemies Ships came to Anchor, and Sent 
of boats to tow the same away. Brig*" (len' Wadsworth as 
Soon as he could git any Craft, which was a birch Canue, 
and two Indians, went to the Transports that had run on 
Shoar, I proceeded up tlie River that Night as far as Ball 
Hill 16'" I proceded down the River with (Jen' Lovell, and 
Lieu' George Little, in our passing down the River, the Gen' 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 309 

Ordered all the Soilders lie saw on the Side of the River to 
march up to the Ships at the head of the Tide as fast as 
Possable, the Gen' Ordered CoP Revear who was on Board 
the Pigen, Cap* Little, to Collect his Troops, and Artillery, 
and git up the River as soon as Possable, Coll" Revear Re- 
plied, he had Sent his barge Down the River to see whare 
his Troops ware, and the Ordanance Brigg with tlie Artil- 
lary was Burnt, the Gen' said he would git Guns from out 
The Ships, w^e then proceeded down the River on Board the 
Warren, which then Lay A ground Just against Marsh Bay, 
when we got on board the Commodore Informed us the 
Ordanance Brig was Down the River about three Miles, the 
Gen' Requested Leiu* Little & my self to go on board and 
git her up the River if Possable, Coll° Mitchel Ofred to go 
down the River with us, but the Gen' Requested him to 
Collect what of his Troops he could, and ^farch them up 
the River in Order to fortify, IJeut Little & my self Pro- 
ceeded down the River on board the Ordanance Brig with 
Men, and after much Difficulty, got her of, and Proceeded 
up the River, Two of ihe Enemies Ships giveiug Chase to 
us, we got up above Oak Point, when the Tide Began to 
make Strong against us, and the wind very Small, came to 
Anchor, in about an hoar, the Enemy Ships comeing up 
Avith a fresh Breze of Wind, hove up our Anchor, in Order 
if Possable to git the Brig above the Commedore, but could 
not Stem the Tide, again came to Anchor, and Disscovering 
the Commedore Landing his Peopple, it would l>e impos- 
sable for us to Save the Brig After sinding 2 barrils of 
flower on Shear, to Cap' Ross, Commander of the Monmuth, 
and Gitting Some Amunition and what Intrenching Tools 
their ware on board out Set her on Fire. iIkmi procedcd up 
the River on l)oard the Warren, Where the Gen' was 
Preswadeing the Commedore, not for to Land his People nor 



.'no DOCl'.ME.N TAKY IIISTOKV 

WdiiKl not have liiin llui'ii his Shijj h_v no .Mens, tliat he iiicaii- 
ing the den' would Tarrv with him if he thouiiht he could 
he of any Sirvis, or would, proceed up the Kiver, and Re- 
quest the Captains, of the Ships, to come down with a Boat 
from each Ship, in Order to git the Warren up the River 
as soon as the Tide should make, I heard, Cap^ Saltcston 
ask Leiu' Little what more he could have done, i^I"" Little 
Replied he had done nothing at all as yit that he knew of, 
^V Little asked Cap' Salteston, the Reason of his not fireing 
his Starn Chassers comeing up the River in Order that the 
Transports might have got up. Cap' Salteston, Replied, that 
it would have done no good they would have fired again, 
then J\r Little asked Cap' Salteston, why that he did not 
form a Line at the Narrows with his Largeest Ships and a 
Coverd the Transports, M"" Little further told the Com- 
medore that if had Command of the Ship he would git all 
his Eighteen Pounders upon one Side, & Springs on his 
Cables, and would be able to defend the Ship that way, the 
Commodore Replied the Enemy would git the Ship by that 
means, We then Proceded up the River, and went along Side 
the Putman, when the Gen' Requested Cap' Warters, to go 
on board the Commedore, and to send a boat in Order to 
help up with the Ship as soon as the Tide should make. 
Cap' Warters Replied he would and should be up with his 
ow^n Ship in the Morning, we then Proceeded up the River 
and went along Side every Ship in the River whare the 
Gen' Requested the Captain, of each Ship to go on board 
the Commedore, and to Send a boat from each Ship, in 
Order to git the Warren up the River as as soon as the Tide 
should make, the Captain of each Ship complied with the 
Gen' Request, except Cap' Thomas, of the Venjance, Cap* 
Cams, of the black Prince, & Cap' West, of the Hector, who 
told the Gen' that they had Landed their Peopplc, and ware 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 311 

going to burn their Ships, the Gen' Indeavoured to Preswade 
them from burning their Ships, by many arguments, that 
they could git all their Ships up the River, and git their 
Cannon on Shoar, & fortify, & would be able to defend their 
Ships, untill the State could send to franco, for Ships to git 
them out, and he made no douljt they would, if not that 
the State had better be at the expence of maintaining 1000 
Men their untill they could git the Cannon, Sails, and, Rig- 
ing, across to Canabeck River, Provided they could not Save 
the Ships, the Gen' further told them that he would Call in 
the Melitia and Cut a Road through to Canabeck, and would 
be able to git Provision that way. Cap' Thomas, Offred the 
Gen' his Ship, the Gen' Replied he would except her Rather 
than have her burnt. We then went on board the Hazzard, 
and, Cap* Williams Immedeately Sent down his boat to the 
Assistance of the Commedore, and said the Private Prop- 
erty ariveing up the River and had put the Devil in his 
People, but he had got them pacified and Willing to Stay 
by the Ship, Cap' Cithcart Soon after came on board, and 
Said Cap'* Cams, & West, Landing their Men had put the 
Devil in his People, and One boat full of Men had Attempted 
to go on Shoar, but the Gentries had fired on them and, 
brought them along side, and he had got them on board in 
Irons, — 

16"" About Eight OClock in the Morning, I discoverd 
the Black Prince, & Hector, on Fire, which Lay not half 
pistol Shot from Many Ships, which had not Landed their 
Men, I was on board the Ilazzard, which had her People 
most on board, and Immagining much Danger from the 
Ships blowing up. Sot of with a flatbottom boat, of Pro- 
vision, in Order to Supply the Troops down the River, and 
Passing the two Ships on fire M"" Little hailed a Gentlemon 
who had got on Shoar from one of the Ships on fire and 



312 DOCL'.MEXTAKY JIISTOKY 

Asked him. if their Cmns were Loaded, who made answer 
they ware, with liound Sliot, Grape, and Langrage, I Im- 
medeately Spoke to the People which ware on Shear very 
thick, to go up the hill, for they ware in much Danger, as 
well as those on board the Hazzard, and Tiranaside, from 
the Timber which must blow from the Ship, and also the 
Shot, I had but Just passed the Ships when they blew up, 
and the Shot came very Plentifully round ni}' boat, as well 
as a Cross, & up the River, I then Preceded Down the River, 
whare I saw, the, Warren, Putman, Vengance, & every 
Other Ship, was burnt, I then Proeeedid through the Woods 

to Cambden ; and further Saith not ; 

Waterman Thomas, \ Cap' of the Company of Volintears 
Sworn to before Court dO'^ Sepf 1779 

Attest O. Peabody Cler 



Testimony of JosJnia Davvi. 

Joshua Davis, Agent for Transports & Superintendant of 
Boats on the Expedition to Penobscot — Testifieth — That 
on Monday July 19"^ 1779. he then being, with the Fleet, 
on Board the State Schooner Hannah, in Nantasket Road — 
at three "Clock A M. Signals Were given by the Comedore. 
for the fleet, to git under way . . . about 5 "Clock the whole 
Fleet Were, abrest the Light house, but Were Detain'd Some 
Time. Waiting for some officers, who Were on Shore from 
the ordinance Brig. — at. 8 "Clock. P M. Signals, for all to 
heave too We Lay all Night. With a Fine Breaze. at S. S. 
\V. Clear Weather Which I Could not Account for — Tus- 
day July 20'*" at. 4 "Clock A. .M. Signals, for all to Make 
Sail, being Calm foggy Weather, did not arive. at Town- 
send until. Wcndsday. the 2P 6 "Clock P M — Thursday. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 313 

the 22^ Went on Shore, and Recived orders from the General, 
to reimljark the Troops which Came, from Cumberland & 
York, in order that the whole might be revewed — which 
Was not accomplishd before dark, when I Recived orders 
from the Gen' to Imbark the Whole but the Last Devishon 
not haveing. drawn Provishons Could not Compleat the Im- 
barkation that iSTight — Friday — 2S^ at half past. Seven, the 
Troops Were all on Board — but the Wind blowing Fresh at 
jST N W. did not Proceed Saturday 24^^^ at 3 "Clock A :M. 
got under Way at. 10 "Clock P M. arived. at. the X W bite 
of Fox Island, within Eight Leagus of, Baggaduce. where 
we anchored at. 12 "Clock, at night Recived orders from the 
General to have Every thing in Readiness for Landing the 
Troops — Sunday 25^^ — at 8 "Clock A M got under way. at. 
12 "Clock Arived of the Harbour of Baggaduce - at . about. 
2 "Clock P M. Anchored- the West Side & Emmeadietly 
hove out. the Boats. & got them ready to Land the Troops, at 
6 "Clock. Recived orders, to Imbark a Number of Troops 
for Landing — which was done, but it being. Very. Dark & 
the Weather Sea Very Rough the Gen' ordered, them. Re- 
calld. which Was done before they Struck the Shore— With 
the Loss of one Man Killd — 

Monday, the 20"^ Recived orders, to Imbark 300 Troops, 
to Reinforce the Mariens. in takeing Possesion of an Island . 
in the mouth of the Harbour where the Enimy had Some 
Works: which we Toke & Landed Two 18 pounders «i:. one 
12. that Night 

Tusday, the 27^'' Recived orders to be in Readiness- to 
Land our whole Force on Baggaduce — 

Wednesday the 28'" at 3 "Clock. A M. all the Troops. Were 
Imbarkd for Landing, but not haveing Boats Sufcient Was 
obliged, to Take a Large Sloop, at. half, past four -Put for 
the Shore, and made good our landing at about half Past 



•314 DOCUMENTAl:V IlISTuUY 

iive. after Kofovering tlic liights Was ImployeJ. the Re- 
mainder of the day in Landing Necessary. Stores — Nothing 
Meterial. liapned in My Department, for Severall- days, 
when I began to grow Exceeding nnEasy. at the Inactivety 
of the Armed \'cssels. the Gen' haveing. Secured, a Retreat 
as- I Seposed for his Troops by Land I was Exceedingly 
Anxious for the Safty of the Transports, under my Care, 
and aplied to the Gen' to Know, what Steps I should Take 
In Case we should be obliged to Retreat, who told me it 
was not in his Power to Secure a Retreat for them while 
the Enimeys Shipping Kept Possesion of the Harbour of 
Baggaduoe — . on the 12'^ of Augest at Night I Recived 
orders from the Gen' to Imbark the Heavy Cannon, the 13"" 
Imployed. getting of Cannon Stores kc — at night Recived 
orders, to be in Readiness to Iml^ark the Troops . . on Sat- 
urday the 14''' at 2 "Clock A M. Recived orders, to Imbark 
the Troops, at three "Clock Our Troops Left Their Lines. 
&. at half past 4- Were all Imbarked-. at. "Clock Re- 
cived orders from the Gen' to Proceed, with all the Trans- 
ports up Penobscott River, being. Calm, made but Little 
Way — a head — but by rowing, kc. Wore, about. 5 Miles 
up the River — at 12 "Clock at which Time our Armed Ves- 
sels. I Sepos" — which had been In a Line, all bore away. & 
made Sale. . up the River : I then Strove, to Git above the 
Narrows, if Posible Expecting our, Armed Vessels. Would 
there make a Stand at Least. So Long as to assist the 
Transports — in Gitting. further up the River, but to my 
great Mortification They all Passd. the Transports. With- 
out, any Notice or assistance, which put the Troops on Board 
in the utmost Confusion, the P'nimyes Ships three in Num- 
ber. Now Came up With — the Transports. Fast-, and have- 
ing Lost all Comand of them they most of them Ran on 
Shore, in great Disorder, my Vessel, being Loaded, with 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 3lo 

Provishons. Intrenching Tools &c — I Kept Directly after 
the Comedore in Hopes to Save her. hut - finding, no Pro- 
tection or assistance I Loaded a Flatt Bottom Boat With 
Provishons being then, about. 50 or GO Hods, from 2 the 
Enemys Ships — I Proceeded on Shore & Left orders with 
the Cap* that as Soon as I Recovered the Shore to Sit. fire 
to the Schooner. & Make the Best of his Way with, the Rest 
of the People (4 In jSTumber) on Shore, in a Light Boat 
Which I Left With, him for that Purpose, but unfortunately 
his Boat Went adrift — and the Enimy Sent, five Barges, 
which Toke the Vessel — though Within Musket Shot of 
the Comedores Stern, who never Sufered. a Gun to be fired, 
in her Defence but. Just before the Enimy Boarded, the 
Schooner, a Boat from the Shore Toke Out all the People 
w^hich I Left on Board. Except the Mate w^ho was Taken 
With the Vessel by this Time ^Most of the Transports Were 
on Shore and Many of them on Fire. I Proceeded, up the 
River with the Provishons I had Saved. Went on Board the 
Hazard, where I Saw the Gen^ who Desiered Me to Secure 
all the Provishons Posible haveing Taken, the best Care I 
Could, of the Provishons I had Saved . . I obtaind. a Small 
Boat & Some hands & Went Down the River, to Endeavour 
if Posible to Save, more Provishons & git Some of the Trans- 
ports which Were not yet Destroyed - further up the River 
but. being Exceeding dark & finding the Enimyes Ships, up, 
abreast of the Transports which Were on Shore. I found it. 
Imposible. to git any of them of — in Returning I found 
four Transports, now in the Stream above the Narrows & 
ordered them . . to make the best of their Way to the head 
of the River. & Proceeded, to. my Boat, with Provishons — 
Sunday the 15^'' I Proceeded, over the Falls with what Pro- 
vishons I had Saved at 2 oclock P M-. and Secured them 
in the best Manner. I Could. & Informed the Gen' of the 



316 DOCI'MKXTAIJY IIISTOKY 

Quaiititv *\: where tliev Were Lodged- liavcing had no Rest 
for three days & Nights and being, mnoh Fatagued. was. 
unable to go down the Ivlver iliis day as I luitended — but 
Suposeing AVe Should, make a Stand, at the head, of the 
River «S: Defend, those Vessels, which Were not yet Destroyed 
I Employed. Sundrie Persons- to make Enquiery what. 
Number of Cattle kc. might, be Colected. & Soon found, 
that, about Fifty head of Cattle & a Large Quantity of 
Potatoes, might be Procured Emmeadietly . . ]\ronday. the 
16^'' I Was Prepareing to go. down the River, to Inform the 
Gen' what I had done & Recive his further orders, but be- 
fore the Tide Served, to go. down the Falls to ^[y (ireat 
Surprise Saw the Exploshou of Several! Armed Ships-. 

they might have been Very Easely Defended 

Josh'* Davis 
Boston September 24'" 1779 

Sworn to in Court Sepf 2"/*^ 1779 

Attest O Peabody Cler 

I further add that on or about the 8'" of aug* I thought 
Best to make a Set of Signals for the Safty of the Trans- 
ports Which (by y^ Ginr? orders Could not be Commanded 
by any other Parson Excep*^ a Giue' oiiieor or myself) which 
Signals I shued to the Gin' before I Distributed them to the 
Transports The Genr' aproved. of the Signals which was 
Coutinu'' till The li'*" without alteration when about 8 oclock 
P M I Rec'' orders from the Ginral to give the Signals to go 
up the River which was Instantly obay** . . after half on ower 
the Vassals altred thar Corse for belfast I Being at a loss 
for the Reasons went on bord to the Gin' & Ask** him. the 
Resons he answard Som parsons Had given him Informa- 
tion belfast was the Saffest Retreet I tould him it was im- 
possabel to git to that part, of the Bay as the tide w'as when 
the Ginr' tould me I ]\Iighf Countermand them which was 



OF THE STATE OF AIAI-NE 



?.1 



don when wee Proseedded up the River Seposing. the Nar- 
rows to Be. a Safe Retreet as the Transports Might have 
Easyly bin Defended on the Same Prinsepls the Commedore 
had Before advans^ that it was unpresidented for a Ship to 
go Stem on to the Enemy^ Broadside which also sem** to be 
one prinsebel objection to actacing the Enemys Ships 

I farther add if I may alow'' my opinion that It was in 
the Power of our Shiping to have distroyed the Enemys 
Ships at any twenty fore ov^'ers after - our arival til the 
Enemys Reinforcement Came & to the Best of my Knoleg 
wee had a fair wind to go in to baggeduce harbour for five 
or six days after our arival I also add, that, had the Enemys 
Ships bin distroy'' or taken the Enemy in tlie fort would 
have Sune fel in to our hands for many Resons v/hich might 
be given. Josh^ Davis 

Sworn to as before BO*** Sepf 

Attest O Peabody Cler 

The Examination of CoP Tyler On Oath ending Oct. 1, 

1779, — he acted as Quarter Master-Gen' 
Quest" Was you in want of any kind of Stores in your de- 
partment ? 
Ans'' There was no real want. I had stores sufficient for 

seventeen hundred Men, but there was a want of Caph to 

procure Spies & Guides for the Army — 
Quest" Could the failure of the expedition be imputed to 

the want of Cash — 
Ans"" I can't tell — 

Quest" Did the Gen' ever desire you to send a Spy? 
Ans*" He did not, because he knew it was out of my power to 

comply — 

Saturday Gen' Ward F. Dana Esq"" T Danielson Esq"" 

J. Prescot Esq"" Gen' Farley Maj"" Osgood Gen' Titcomb 

CoP Little 



318 nOc'l'MKNTAUV IlISTf^KY 

The Examination of Col" Mitchcl On Oath 

Quest" Was it in the power of tlio army Under Command 
of Gen' Lovel of ymselvcs t(» have reduced tlie Enemy at 
any time whilst they were on the Ground? 

Ans"" No 

Quest" Is it your opinion fhat had tlic Enemy's Ship'^ 
been destroyd & the land force been aided by such as 
mifjht have been obtain'd from y"" Fleet the enemy could 
have been reduced ? 

Ans"" If properly Armed — with ^fuskits 

My opinion the whole time I was upon the Ground was, 
as is above express'd — It was my opinion it was in the 
power of our Fleet to have destroyed the enemy's Ship^ 
any day during our stay yre wind & tide permitting 

Ques' Was there any Council call'd pointing out a place of 
retreat in case of the arrival of a reinforecm* to the enemy ? 

Ans"" Not that I know of — 

Ques' Did you recieve any orders relative to the retreat of 
your Reg^ after the appearance of the reinforcment ? 

Ans"" Al)out One o'Clock in the Morn^ of the 14''' I went 
to Gen' Lovel's jMarquo, he ordcrd me to get my Regi- 
mental Baggage & Camp equipage to the Shore, & have 
my Men ready for marching — I did so, & at Break of 
day was order'd to march, & about Sunrise embark'd them 
on board Transports — & proceeded up the River above 
the old Fort. There I rec*" orders from Brig"" Wadsworth 
thro' the Adj' Gen' to repair to a certain Height there to 
receive & retain as many of the army as came y' way — 
I repaird to the Spot myself but I found no Men there 
but the Matross's & Cap' Gushing with \Tn. from the time 
of our retreat, to this time, I had not Issued any orders to 
my Regiment not to disperse or to repair to any particular 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 319 

place hut only to go up the River I tarried 'till ahout sun- 
set & no Men came y' way, then I went into the Woods to 
look for my Regiment. On the IQ^^ about 9 in the Morn- 
ing I set off for Home, hut without leave from any Sup*" 
Otficer — the IS^*" I arrived at Kennel)eck River on the 
20^*^ at Night I reach'd home, & on the 21"' Went to Fort 
Weston without any Men — 

The Committee adjourn'd till Tuesday y^ 28*" Afternoon 

28''' Present Gen' Ward T Danielson Esq"" Francis Dana 
Esq"- G. Farley B. Gen' Titcomb B. G. Prescott Col" Little 

Sundry Depositions were given into Court 

29th Present — Gen' Ward Tim° Danielson Escj"" Francis 
Dana Esq'' Gen' Farley B. G. Titcomb B. G. Prescott S 
Osgood Esq-" Col" Little 

Sundry Depositions were given into Court 

30"^ Present — Gen' Ward B. G. Danielson G. Prcscot G. 
Farley B. G. Titcomb S. Osgood Esq"- ls\. Little Esq"" F. 
Dana Esq"" 

Sundry Depositions were given into Court 

October 1" Present — Gen' Ward B. G. Danielson G. Pres- 
cott G. Farley B. G. Titcoml) S. Osgood Esq"" Francis 
Dana Esq"" Col" Little 

Depositions given into Court 

Questions to Gen' Lovel by Col : Revere 

Did you on the 28"' of July, the day you landed on Maga- 
bigwaduce, see me, with the Corps I commanded. 

Yes 

Do you remember that you ordered, me to follow you with 
my men, and that we followed you up the steep, and keept 
close in your rear, till you Ordered me to halt. That just 
after you halted, you Ordered me to git a field piece on 



320 DOCr.MKN TAKY IllSTOKY 

Shore; I askeil vcni. if I should take one of my companys to 
do it. til at you answered me yes. 

yes, 1 rcmemher tlie whole 

Do you remember that sometime after (the same day) 
yon Orderd me Verhaly to send to the Island for the Ilowitz, 
Field — piece, Gin, and Apparatus, and to call on Col. Davis 
for Boats & men. 

]u-overMy I did Imt dmit reuicuihor tlio Circumstance 

Do you remember, lliat about sun down, the evening of 
the 28"', I waited on you, and informed you; that I had 
found a part of the Bank not near so high as that we Came 
up. upon wliicii you dirci-tcd me to gitt two 18 pounders on 
shore, and to call on Cap" V\^illiams, Holmes, Halet and 
Catchcart, for men to assist me. 

Yes, I gave such orders, but it lies in my Mind it was 
about 10 oClock P. M. 

Do you remember the next morning, I met you near tlic 
lines, where the militia were at. work, when you took me by 
my self, and told me that you had recconitred the Enemys 
works, and found them stronger than you expected; that it 
never would do to storm them with what men you had, and 
that I must be as expeditious as possible, in gitting my can- 
non on shore, for we must aproach them. 

I beleve it is so but dont recolect ye circumstance 

Was there a day from the time we landed on IMagabigwa- 
duce, to the day we retreated up tlie River, but wbat you saw 
me at least twice a day. 

1 do not recolect every day but remember T sec you often 

Did you ever send, or Give me an Order \''erbally which 
I did not obey 

No Except on the day after we retreated, 

Did you on the Evening of the 29"' of July send me a 
Billet of this import, to wit, The General is surprised that 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 321 

he had not seen Col° Revere & desires he would wait upon 
him immediately — 

Ans"" Such a Billet was sent but I cannot recollect the 
time when — And the Col" waited upon me immediately & 
satisfied me that he had been well imploy'd. I now think 
it was not later than the 28''' 

Q. Did you by your order of the 28^'' of July mean to 
include the whole Army ? 

Ans"" I did 

The answers to the above questions were sworn to by Gen' 
Lovell before Court Oct 1'* 

Attest O Peabody Cler 



tSlatonrtil of (jilhert W. Spmkman. 

. Being desired by Cap' Carnes to give in writing what I 
know concerning the conduct of Lieu' Col° Revere at Penob- 
scot; The line of my duty leading me different from that 
of Col° Revere, can't be able to know but little concerning 
him — all I know to the best of my recollection is as follows, 
Viz' 

That some few days after our arrival at Penobscot, orders 
were sent on board for him to go on shore with some artil- 
lery, which he ordered bis Officer to get ready to go with, — 
said, he could not think the (General meant for liiiu to go, 
but beleived 'twas a mistake — he then ordered the Barge 
ready to carry him to the General, went on board, returned, 
& sent (^ap' Cushing on shore with the piece's — A few days 
after some of the General's family (I don't recollect who) 
came along side with Gen' Lovell's compliments to CoP 
Revere, & beg'd the len't of his Barge — he replied he wanted 
it himself — & said he brought that Barge for his own use 

21 



322 DOCr.MENTAIJY iiisioia- 

&' not for the General's, — One Afternoon l»eiii^- on Shore at 
the Gen'^ !Marqnec, lieard an (MKiuiry after ( 'ol" Rev^ere — 
'J'he Gen' said he \vas snrprizM at his coiiduct. wondered 
that he kep't himself out of the way, and tnrn'd to me, said, 
do you know Cap* Speakman what's become of Col" Revere, ? 
I told him I left him on board the Rrig' that afternoon & 
beleived he was there — The Gen' then desired !Major Todd 
to write him. »!v: order his attendance, and ask'd if any person 
was going that way that would carry it — M"" Bromwell then 
present offered his service, but the Gen' said I was going on 
board the same Vessell and could save him that trouble; I 
told the Gen' I was willing to comply with his Orders, but 
as Major Bromwell had offered to carry it, if 'twas agreable 
to him, I had rather he would ; which letter was delivered 
when Col° Revere was in bed, or just going to bed — he got 
up — said he was surpriz'd the General should send such an 
order — he went on shore, & return'd again — said he thought 
by jNfajor Todd's letter, the Gen' was very uneasy, but found 
it the reverse Sz made a trifling matter of it. — On the 14**' 
as we were on the retreat up the River the General sent Major 
Todd & ordered Col° Revere to take his men and get some 
Cannon from an Island, commonly call'd Hacker's Island — 
he said he could not go, he had no boat ; his boat being then 
gone to fetch Cap* Gushing wdth his men & one field piece. — 
In the ]\rorning after the Transports came to sail he said he 
did not choose to risk his men there, and did not know 
whither Gen' Lovdl had a right to order him, — he tlien took 
out a paper & read, which I took to be the Orders given him 
from y^ Hon' Council, said his Orders were to be under the 
Command of Gen' Lovell during the Penobscott Expedition, 
and as the Siege was rais'd he considered the expedition at 
an end, and therefore did not consider himself any longer 
under Gen' Lovell's Command — After dinner that dav Col° 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 323 

Revere went on shore, & never saw him after that till at the 

Court in Funnel Hall 

Gilbert W. Speakman 

Being question'd l)y Col° Revere the Deponent adds that 

at the time Major Todd deliver'd those orders to Col" Revere 

mentioned al)ove the transports were then or soon after under 

sail — that the ]\Ieu the General had ordcr'd never arrived 

to assist him — 

Gilbert W. Speakman 

Sworn to in Court Sepf 30'" 1779 

Attest O Peabody Cler 

Ques' Do you recollect the time when Gen' Lovell sent the 
Billet mentioned by Col" Revere, carried by Maj'"Bronville — 
Ans"" I cannot name the day, but it was after the Generals 
Marque was moved from the left to the right, it was not 
pitched at all 'till the second day — I don't recollect whether 
it was moved that day, or the day after — 

The same Quetion is put to ^laj"" Todd Who says he wrote 
lie remembers seeing Maj"" Todd write a Billet of that import 
in the Wall Tent v.liich was pitched the day after the re- 
moval of the Gen'^ Marque as above — 1 can't say but it was 
removed the first day it was pitched, but I dont think it was 
I am certain the Billet was not wrote till after the removal 
of the Marque 

The same Question is put to Maj"" Todd Who says he wrote 
the Billet in the Wall Tent, the Wall Tent was pitched both 
before & after the removal of the Marque, but not l)cfore the 
29'*^ of July the Billet was not wrote before the 30'" 

The same Question is put to Major Bronville Who says. 
He thinks the Billet was wrote before the removal of Ihe 
Gen'^ Marque, but can't be certain He deliver'd the Billet 
to Col" Revere on Board the Ordnance l^rig, late in the 



324 DOCrMK.NTAIJV IlISIORY 

Evciiiiiir wlu'ii he was in l)Ctl — Upon which lie innncdiatc 
put on liis ( "loths »V went on shore — I'm sure 'twas l)efore 
the 31" 

The several Persons above nientioned made Oath to the 
above answers before Court Ocf 1'^ 1770 

Attest O Peabody Cler 



Statement of Gaiven Brown. 

1779 
Thursd'' July !.">''' I set out from Boston in company 
with Gen' Lovell, at noon embark'd on board the Warren 
in Xantasket Road bound on an Expedition against the 
Enemvs of the States at Penobscot. We remained in the 
]voad 'till Monday l!i"' and having a fair breeze at S. W. 
the whole Fleet got under way, \'i/.' Warren, Putnam Ven- 
geance, Monmouth, Sky Rocket, Hector, Hunter the ]3rigs. 
Diligence, Hazard, Tyrannicide and a number of Transports, 
the Tyrannicide was order'd by the Commodore into Ports- 
mouth with the Signals for the Hamden and orders for her 
to join the Fleet, this afternoon we was Join'd Ijy the Black 
Prince a fine ship mounting twenty guns from Salem — 
Tuesd*' 20"' continue our Course for Townsend — Wednesd'' 
21^' we arriv'd at Townsend and find the first division of 
Transports in the Harbour Gen' Lovell makes his Head 
Quarters at the Rev'' ]\P ]\Iurrays, the Gen' examines the 
returns of the Troops find them fall short of their Quota 
about five Hundred ^len — gives out Orders for the Troops 
to draw their Provision, Ammunition, and other Neces- 
saries, «Jc for them to be reveiwd to morrow — Thursday 22** 
the Gen' reviews the Troops, and orders two Reg^^ to embark 
the remainder not having supplied themselves are order'd to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 325 

embark to morrow by six "Clock A. ^l. this Even^ there was 
a consultation held at M"" Murrays the proceedings, of which 
I refer to the Gen' Fryday 23'' the Troops & Fleet ready to 
proceed, but the Wind being unfavourable cannot put to Sea 

Saturday 24"" This morning a fair Breeze set sail from 

Townscnd towards Penobscot, the Wind flatter^ till twelve 
"Clock when a fair Wind sprung up from S. S. West, This 
Evening came to Anchor Off the Fox Islands about three 
Leagues from the Enemy at ]\lagabigw^aduce. — Sunday 25"" 
Set sail from Fox Islands and Arrive off IMagabigwaduce 
about 12 "Clock when the Wind blowing fresh, the Trans- 
ports came to Anchor within Cannon shot of the Landing 
cover'd by the Ship Sally, Brigs Hazard »S: Active, a])out 7 
"Clock we attempted to Land at a place call'd Bagwaduce 
Head cover'd with a thick wood Brush &c the Wind blowing 
very fresh — the Gen' observ'd if the first division landed 
they w^ould be in danger of being cut off, before they could 
be reenforc'd by the second — and countermands the Orders 
previously given upon the return, the Enemy fird a smart 
Volley and kill'd one Indian — 

Monday July 26^'* The first division is Ordered into 
their Boats to make a feint of landing on the bagwaduce 
Head, while the Marines are to land on an Island in the 
Harbour which commands the shipping as they then lay at 
Anchor — and one of their Batteries, the Marines made 
good their landing drove the Enemy off the Island and took 
four peices of Artillery a small Quantity of Annuunition 
(fee without any loss — Brigd"" Gen' Wadsworth with the first 
division left their feint and supported the Marines but un- 
fortunately lost the Worthy Major Littlefield and two men 
by a Chance shot from the Enemys Shipping which struck 
the boat and were drowned — this afternoon the Ships, can- 
nonade the Enemys Batteries, and Shipping with remarkable 



326 DOcr.MEXTAlfY IlIsroUY 

spirit — Tuesday 27"' This day (Uir uicn employed in forti- 
fying tlie Island — in the Afternodu there was a Council on 
board the Warren the proceedings of which I refer to the 
Gen' Wednesday 28'*" This Fleming hetween one k two 
"Clock the Gen' order'd the Troops to make every prepar- 
tion to Land as soon as possible, which was effected in the 
following manner — Viz^ the Marines on the Right under 
the command of Cap* Welsh — first division led hy I>rigd'' 
Gen' Wadsworth — second by Col' ^NfcCobh — third & left 
division by Col' Mitchel — the Gen' in centre of column, 
Aided by Col' Tyler, Major Hile, ^fajor Lithgow, and others 
of his Family — the Landing commenced ahout half an hour 
before sun rise under cover of the principle part of our 
Shipping, and in justice to the several Otficers and seamen 
/ if my opinion may be admitted / I think they merit the 
applause of their Countrymen for their Alertness, and Spirit 
in supporting so well a directed tire, as in a great measure 
to facilitate the Gen'^ plan, in approaching the shore, the 
Marines Recieved the fire from the Enemy and return'd it 
with such spirit, as to call a gen' discharge of ^luskettry from 
them — The Troops push'd for the Shore — landed, and 
form'd / as well as could be expected for a body of ]\[ilitia / 
agreeable to the GenP Order — they mounted the height and 
drove the Enemy to their principal Fort — where it was 
tho* imprudent to storm untill a line of defence was securd, 
and orders given for a supply of Ammunition &c — the re- 
mainder of this day all hands cmploy'd in throwing up 
works — Thursday 29'" We continue fortifying — laying 
out a Battery within point blank shot of the Enemys 
lines nothing Remarkable this day — Friday 30*'' We open 
our Battery of two eighteen pounders and one twelve d° with 
one Howitz 5'p Inch and play on the Enemy with unknown 
Success — , Saturday 31^' Continue our Cannonade, Xoth- 



OF THE STATE OF :MAIXE 327 

ing very material effected — Sunday Augs' V^ At two "Clock 
A. M. the Gen' Order'd 300 Men to be detaeh'd including 
Marines under the command of Brigcr Gen' Wadsworth to 
take a Battery in Possession of the Enemy which commands 
their harbour and protects their Shipping — this Order was 
put in to Execution and effected — for particulars I refer to 
Brig'''" Gen' Wadsworth — the command^ Officer of tlie Party 
the remaind"" of this day rainy Weather — Monday Aug^^ 2^ 
Nothing remarkable this day — Tuesday 3'' Brigd' Wads- 
worth Order'd by Gen' Lovell to take possession in the 
Enemys rear on the main, the Particulars of which Brigd"" 
Wadsworth will Inform your Honors — Wednesd^' Aug^*^ 4'** 
This Afternoon and for several days past we have had 
Alarms, the Enemy discover an inclination to attack our 
Battery on the ^lain. the whole army Under Arms 
the men are much fatigu'd being continually on duty — 
either on Picket or throwing up Works — and complain of 
the Severity of common duty — Thursday Ag^^ S"" Xothing 
very remarkable — Friday G"' a Councill the proceedings of 
which I refer to the Gen' Our Army continue to carry on the 
Seige with as much Vigour as matters will admit. Satur- 
day Aug^' 7"" A Councill of War held on board the Hazard 
the proceedings I refer to Gen' Lovell — this Afternoon 
scouting parties sent out nothing of consequence effected. — 
Saturday 7''' a Council held on board the Hazard the pro- 
ceedings, I refer to Gen' Lovell this Afternoon the Gen' 
detatch'd small parties out on our right in order to draw the 
Enemy from their Fort, which was effected and a Skirmish 
follow'd without any loss on our party except one man 
Wounded — 8^'' Rainy Weather many cartridges destroy'd 
as the men were badly cover'd — 9^*^ & 10^'' very little done 
except firing upon the Enemys lines from our Batteries — 
11'" the Gen' order'd 600 men to be paraded at 12 "Clock 



328 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

but iiKiuv of the men not verv fond of storming lines, the* 
it niiu'li safer to sculk in the woods and four liund'' only, 
could be collected for the purpose of drawing the Enemy out 
— the renuiinder of the Troops were order'd to ]\Ian the 
lines, the Gen' then march'd olf with the four Hundred men 
as above mentioned, and order'd two Hundred under the 
command of Majors Larabee, Hronvillc, and my Self to take 
post at the fort wliicli was taken on Sun(hiy V^ Auii''* and 
there tarry 'till a signal should be thrown out for us to re- 
tire, we advanced and took Post, and remained there till the 
signal was given for us to repair to the Gen' ; I then orderd 
the men to file otf by the Iviglit and retire — we had not 
march'd fifty paces before the Enemy discover'd our move- 
ments, and advanced to the Fort which we had left, they 
gave us a smart Volley which threw our men in such con- 
fusion as to render every attempt (which was made) to rally 
them, Abortive. ^lajor Bronville and Myself then made a 
report to the Gen' of our proceedings — Aug"*' 12"' a Coun- 
cil held I refer your Honors to the Gen' for their proceed- 
ings — This Evening the cannon are remov'd out of our 
batteries on board the Transports, 13"" This Afternoon the 
Gen' order'd 400 men to parade, the lines to be mann'd, and 
marched off with 200 — almost in the rear of the Enemys 
Fort and finding it practicable to attempt the Storming the 
lower Fort he desired Cap' Burke to request the Commodore 
to come with his Ships, they weigh'd Anchor and came to 
sail, but unfortuneately for us the enemys Ships appear'd 
which entirely caus'd us to raise the Seige. about ten 
"Clock P. M I rec^ Orders from the Gen' to go on board the 
Commodore to be Inform'd of the particular strength of the 
Enemys fleet — he gave me a Letter for the (Jen' which I 
deliver'd — and orders were given for us to (|uit the ground 
which was effected by 4 "Clock A. M. on the 14"' and every 



OF THE STATE OF MAIN'E 329 

kind of military Stores taken off at consequence, about 7 

"Clock the Transports were under way bound up Penobscot 

River but being calm they soon drop't Anchor — about 12 

"Clock the wind sprung up at South — the Transports then 

weigh'd anchor and we were soon follow'd by our Arm'd 

Vessels, pursued by the Enemys Ships, the Commodore and 

fleet pass'd by us, the Transports ran on shore were set on 

fire by whose Order I know not the Shipping suffer'd the 

same fate — 

Gawen Brown — 

Sworn to before Court Sepf 29"" 177 

Attest O Peabody Cler 

Resolve. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Sep*^ 30^'' 1779 
Resolved that the Commissary General of this State be 
and he is hereby directed to allow one Ration p'' day to Col° 
Josiah Brewer Truck-Master in the Eastern department of 
this State, and that the said Commissary be directed to ad- 
vance Six months provisions to said Col° Brewer at the rate 
of one Ration p"" day, he giving a receipt for the same. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk"" X 
In Council Septemb. 30^" 1779 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Sec'y 
Consented to 

Jere Powell J Stone I^ Goodman 

A Ward D Davis Sam' Baker 

Sam' Adams J Fisher H Gardner 

T Gushing N Gushing Sam Niles 

A. Fuller O Prescott Aaron Wood 



330 DOCrMKXTAIJY HISTORY 

Fdcl.s conccniuKj iJic late E.cpedHion io Penobscot 

The 14"' of -hilv I embarked under U Col° Revere for 
Penobscot whore wo arrived the 2")"' on tlic 20"" in the Even- 
ing I was order \1 with Cap' Cushinir to nn Island taken this 
day witli two IS & one 11* jmuiidci-, and one Howitzer, on 
the 27"* we got up to a Batterv then throwing up, one 18, "" 
one 12, "" & one Howitzer, at 9 OClock P. ^[ we received 
orders to repair on board the Brig Samuel, were we where 
directed by ]>' Col" Kcvere to be ready to Land the next 
morning by Day liglit with our nnis(iuets. by a little after 
sunrise on the 28"^ we were all on Shore, and paraded k re- 
ceived orders from Cap^ Cushing to face to the right and 
march, ascended the heights within half a mile of the 
Enemy's fort and formed Battallion, soon after Cap^ Cush- 
ing was directed with his Comp^ to bring on shore a field 

piece which was brought to the Lines by the Afternoon 

On the 29*^ we were employed in getting up to the Battery 
the Cannon assisted by Seamen k ]\Iilitia, the 30"" the Bat- 
tery was openM with 2 .18 P" 1 — 12 P 6: one Howit When- 
ever there was an alarm which was frequent Col° Revere 
was always present in the Battery & seldom absent from 
Camp, during the Seige On the 14'^'' of Aug' we retreated 
«& at half after Two I got a long side the Transport a field 
Peice which I was directed by L* Col° Revere to do, about 
8 OClock being on board the Sloop Safety with L' Phillips 
& 25 ^len of the Artillery under Cap' L' Xewcomb, we pro- 
ceeded up Penobscot River, but being Calm k tide of Ebb 
was obliged to anchor off Fort Pownal, about one OClock 
seeing our Ships of War under Sail coming up. *fc the wind 
springing up to the South'' all the Transports got under 
way but had not got further than six ^[iles before our Armed 
Vessell k Men of War run by us, & left us in the power of 



OF THE STATE OF :NrAIXE 331 

the Enemy's Ships which soon after were with in Point 
blank shot, & pourM their Broad sides upon the Shore where 
U Phillips & myself with onr party were join'd to Cap^ 
Cushings: Tarried there till Dusk then Cap* Gushing Said 
he wold march a Litrle from the Shore & in camp Accord- 
ingly we Did 

Peter Xichols Cap* Lu* 

Sworn to in Conrt 30*'' Sept' 1779 

Attest O Peabody Cler 

Question asked James Morris Master of the Brig. Hazard 
Q. Is it your opinion that it was in the power of our Fleet 

before the arrival of the reinforcement of the enemy, to 

have taken or destroyed the enemy's Shiping ? 
Ans"" Yes, the Wind & Tide permiting — We had a fair 

wind almost every day for 8 or 10 Days. And we could 

have effected their destruction without great hazard to 

Our Shipping — 
Q. Did you sign an application with the L" & Masters to 

the Comodore to go in and attack the enemy's Shiping ? 
Ans"" I did — 

James Morris 

The above answers, together with the annexed Deposi- 
tion was sworn to before Court Sepf 30*^ 1779 

Attest O Peabody Cler 



Petition of Jeremiah Hill. 

To the Honorable the Council of the State of INfasscahusetts 
Bay in Council Assembled — 
Humbly Sheweth 
Jeremiah Hill Adjutant General to the honorable Brig: 
General Lovell for the expedition to Penobscott whereas 



332 DOCUMENTAKY IIISTOKY 

your Petitioner on the day of the Ketreiit fmni Majabig- 
waducc, went on boanl the Ship Manning Sally, by the Gen- 
erals I'erniissiniK Icti his poi-ket-Ilook on board the (ienerals 
Trans])«irt with sundi'v Papers, his ( 'oinniission. and some 
Money in it ; ty'd uj» in a Ilandkercliief with some of his 
Baggage, that Colonel Tyler (^ M General, when the Trans- 
port went on shore, took the Pocket Book, put the money 
in his Pocket, burnt all the Papers wiilnmt examining of 
them, as he said, the Commission was among them and if 
Consequence was burnt the empty pocket-Pook he gave to 
one of the Servants of the Generals Family, The Servant 
gave me the empty Pocket-book, He gave me the Money, and 
told me he had burnt all the Papers, because he saw one 
Genera] Return in it. Therefore Your Petitioner humbly 
prays he may have another Commission of the same Tenor 
and Date, Viz, July 2°'' 1779, and your Petitioner as in 

Duty bound shall ever pray fc*^ &^ 

Jeremiah Hill 
Boston Sep' 30'" 1779 

In Council Oc* 1^' 1779 

Read & Ordered — That Jeremiah Hill be Commissioned 
agreealjle to the Prayer of the above Petition 

John Averv D^ Sec" 



Affidavit of Joshua Bcniley. 

Boston Sep' SO*" 1779 
I the Subscriber being Clerk to CoP W"* Burbeck at the 
Laboratory — when the Board War sent m'' Robert Breck 
there to hira to desire him to bring or send a return of the 
Stores he was preparing for ilio Penobscot Expedition — 
the CoP sent word bv him he could not send a Return but 



OF THE STATE OF MAI.NE ^'V-i 

he would brinfi; or send a ]\remo'" as soon as he coiihl take 

one. Accordin'ly he did carry one himself e it being Sat- 

iird'v the 14*'' Aug — in the afternon and none of the things 

Deliver'd, late in the afternoon m"" Edw** Blanchard came 

with his Carts kc for to fetch them and C'arrv'd on Board 

the Vescl 3 loads contain'g 84 Boxes — the next day being 

Sonday he came again and fotchM the Remainder of the 

Stores 112 Boxes on. ]\ronday morning the Col" sent me to 

m*" Blanchards house to compare our Acc'ts — we Agreed 

that he ha<l Carry'd 146 Boxes from the Laboratory to the 

Vesel — According'y T made out a Return and Gave the 

Col° to Give in to the Board — Since the return of the \'escl 

to Boston the Board has Order'd the Stores Back to the 

Labor'tory — and there is wanting 5 Boxes containing 71 

Cartridges fix'd for 12 pound Cannon — which I can swear 

I Deliver'd fi-oin the Lal)oratorv Magazine with my own 

hand, to the Young men that Drove the Carts &c for m'' 

Blanchard to (^arry to the said \"esel 

Joshua IJentley 

Suff County Boston October. 1, 1779 — 

Then personally Appear'd IsV Joshua 

Bentley and made Oath to y*" Truth of y^ Above, 

before me 

John Avery Jus Peace 



Petition of ln}inl)itnnfs of Lincoln. 

To the Honorable the Council tV the Honorable the house of 
Representatives of the State of ]\rassacliusetts bay. 

The Petition of tlie sul)scri]»crs inhalntants of the County 
of Lincoln, llumldy Sheweth, 

That, altho we your Petitioners do not address your 



334 DOCU.MENTAUV IIISIOKY 

Honors ill ;iii\' [Mililic cajMciiN , imi- liv \ii-iii(' of ;inv delega- 
tion from the Eastern conntrv, aiul arc well assnred that a 
jiarticiilar representation of j)rcs('nt circnnistances of that 
part of the State will shortly he lai<l hefore the Hon''''" Court 
by a Convention of the County called for that purpose; yet, 
as it is suggested to us that a speedy adjournment of the 
Coui't is in contemplation, from anxious fears of its being 
effected before any application from the County can arrive, 
&r from painful apprehensions of the most dangerous conse- 
quences arising to that Country, from their being neglected 
by Government till another Session, such inhabitants of it 
as ha])i)cncd to be in ]>oston, on other business, from a serious 
concern for the preservation of that ]iart of the State, having 
met together for mutual consultation on the matter, think 
it their Duty thus humbly to lay before your Honors their 
thoughts of the State of that County & beg your candid 
attention lo iliciii : 

The failure of the late expedition to Penobscot has already 
laid desolate a number of very hopcfnl settlements in these 
parts; the inhabitants, men, women t.V children having fled 
thro' the wilderness to the Western parts of the State ; 
leaving Ijehind them their stock, provisions, crops & all they 
had. many of them are already arrivc<l in these parts, know 
not where to set their heads, being destitute of money & 
every resource of supply to their families, & must cast them- 
slves on the mercy of the country in general, or expect to 
terminate their present calaiiiities by a miserable death; 
Many more are following them in similar circumstances; 
& if Government do not speedily devise some method for 
the relief of that mined j>eoplc, the prospect before them is 
liorribjc indeed; we rctlcct with ])lcasure on the wise i)lans 
of the Legislature ado])tcd tor the relief of the distressed in- 
lud)itants of Jjoston, when their case resembled this, in all 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 335 

respects, except that the one came oflF from their homes. gen- 
erally with money in tlioir pockets, ihc otlier arc in flight 
destitute of all things; we hope it will be thought a subject 
worthy the attention of the Hon"'^ Court to enquire whether 
some similar measures may not be adopted now, in behalf 
of these sufferers who cannot help themselves. 

Nor is the condition of that part of the people that yet 
remains, near the Shores, in the County, much more com- 
fortable than that of them that fled; their prospects of sus- 
tinance by the fruits of the earth (which were truly flatter- 
ing & promised a great supply) are now cut off & ended; 
they were engaged in opposing the common enemy when 
they should have been attending their grain & their hay; & 
hence great quantities were much damaged, & not a little 
totally perished ; of the residue very little now remains, after 
supplying the retreating army & the fleeing families that 
followed them; and that little is in jeopardy c\'erv lioin- from 
the wanton depredations of an insolent & triumphant enemy 
who avow the design of treating the country as a country con- 
quered & its inhabitants as persons taken in actual rebellion; 
hence many have been compelled to take an impious & pro- 
fane oath contrary to their consciences, & then driven in like 
slaves to work at constructing forts, recovering cannon kc 
for the enemy, & in the meanwhile obliged to find their own 
supplies & subjected to be cudgelled, kicked, & abused by 
every petty ofticer that is set over thcni ; we f(u-1icar to ex- 
press our feelings or mentioning this ignominious treatment 
of our brethren ! We cannot but trust the Hon'''^ Court will 
manifest feelings of their own, on this occasion that will 
supercede all expostulations on our part ; we therefore only 
beg leave to add that, for onght we can sec, there is the 
greatest reason to apprehend that what is now suffered by 
the people near Penobscot, will ])c the common fate of the 



336 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

whole Coast of tlio ('oiuitios of ('unilicrhnul \' T.incoln be- 
fore the openiiiiT of another cainpaifiii ; the provisir)n already 
ina<le having hardly a shew of intention to defend it, the 
whole nmnhcr raised being scaroc a man to a mile if cqnally 
distribnted on the coast: «Sc even tliese arc like to become a 
grievous burthen to the towns that must maintain them, 
wliosc stores ai'e utterly inade(|uate to the wants of their 
own houses: & witliout a nund)cr of whale boats the troops 
as already stationed can never be assembled, Reasonably, at 
any place to answer any great purpose cither for ofFencc or 
defence : 

The want of the means of giving or receiving intelligence 
at suital>lc intervalls, cV the enormous expence of doing it at 
any time is a grievance which that (^ounty has never felt, & 
sometimes complained of; l)ut, at this crisis, it has become 
a sore burden ; your Petitioners would only suggest that, by 
extending the Post as far as Cambden, one man, by a weekly 
journey to Falm" could save the journeys of great numbers 
to Boston at the public expence & therefore such a step taken 
by the Clovernment would be no small Saving to the State. 

^'our Petitioners beg leave to add that, as the lund)er trade 
of the Eastern Country is now entirely in the enemy's hands, 
the only resource of that people for the purchasing provisions 
is at an end. Xor will it l)e possible for such of them as 
have any vessels yet left in their possession to stir out of any 
harbour without the most probable ]»rospect of being speedily 
captured, unless the Hon'''" C^ourt should be pleased to order 
a few armed vessels to cruize on the coast from Boston bay 
Eastward : we beg leave to suggest that in our humble opinion 
three or four Brig'^ or smaller vessels from twelve to eighteen 
guns each would be sufficient for that purpose; & we cannot 
now think of any service they can be employed on more 



OF THE STATK OF MAINE 337 

important, to l)otli Eastern & Western parts of this State, at 
the present juncture, than this would be. 

We beg" the indulgence of the Hon"''' Court while we men- 
tion one thing more; a very little reflection on the condition 
of that Country — inyaded — ravaged — in great part deso- 
lated & ruined, may suffice to convince an impartial mind 
(even on so impopular a subject) that it will be utterly im- 
possible for its inhabitants to supply as formerly they have 
done, an equal proportion of the public funds — the valuation 
by which the late tax-bills were regulated cannot be con- 
sidered as a rule by which to judge the taxable property in 
that Country now, when so great a part of it has fallen into 
the hands of the enemy — & so much more is lost at the late 
destruction of our fleet ; their usual ways of acquiring money 
have been blocked up for a considerable time & from the best 
judgment we are able to form by a pretty general acquaint- 
ance with the County of JJncolu, we declare it our belief that 
all the money in it would not suffice to pay more than one 
half of the tax last assessed upon it : 

The justice & wisdom exhibited by that act of Congress 
that excused Georgia, in the late taxation of the continent, 
is acknowledged with applause by every part of America ; 
we only add that no plea for that exemption could be offered 
in favor of that invaded State that would not operate, at 
least, with equal force in behalf of the County we now plead 
for: 

Your Petitioners beg leave to suggest that it is their 
unanimous opinion that the enforcing the late tax-act in that 
County will reduce the greatest part of its inhabitants to the 
last extremity & must issue in the transfer of their real 
estates into the hands of their wealthier brothers in the West- 
ward, & so produce a very general desertion of the settle- 
ments in the east : 

22 



338 DOCUMENTARY IIISTOHY 

with the firmest confidence tlieii. we refer it \n \]\o wisdom 
of the Hon"''" Court to jndiic of the jiolicv <<f the laying 
further taxes on that people at this time; as we cannot prog- 
nosticate without ]i:iin. the steps that niav Ijc taken by a 
people, in their ciicumstances, deeming themselves aban- 
doned hy (lovernnient, t(» the fury of an enemy left secure 
of theii- trinnij)hs in the very heart (d' their country, neglected 
in their distress tho' crying for relief to the father of the 
State, «S: driven to desperation by oppressive burdens which 
neither themselves nor their fathers, in their best circum- 
stances, were able to bear 

Your Petitioners therefore most humbly & earnestly pray 
the Hon''''' Court to take up the contents of this humble rep- 
resentation, as soon as will be consistent with your con- 
venience, that we may have oj)portunity to be heard before 
a Committee on the Sid»jecls it has but touched; and that we 
nniy return to <iur lnunes sufficiently instructed to inform 
anxious hundreds what they may expect from the wisdom «fe 
goodness of the legislature, & what the Government expects 
from them. 

And your Petitioners as in duty bound shall ever pray 
l^oston, Ocf 1^' 1779 

8am' M Cobb ]\loses Copeland Samuel Oakman 

James Cargill Jaa)b Eaton Sam' Howard 

Josiah Brewer Agreen Crabtree Reuben Colburn 

AVaterman Thomas John Murray 



Order on Above. 

In the House of Representatives Oct 1 1779 

Read & thereupon Orderd That Cap' Patcheldor, Coll 
Reed & !Mr. Nichols with such as the Hon'''^ Board shall join 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 339 

be a Committee to consider the same, &: report what is proper 

to be done thereon 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Ilancock Spk"" 
In Council Ocf 1^' 1770 
Read & Concurred & Daniel Davis and 
Josiah Stone Esq""^ are joined — 

John Avery D Sec'y. 



Ansivers by General Lovell. 

Questions asked by Capt Carnes. 
Que" Do you Remember of Sending for Col' Rcvear several 

times whilest we Lay on Baguaduce, and Received for 

Answer he was not to be found. 
Answ^er I did once 
Question Do you Remember of Saying, at Several times 

that you was Supprised of Col' Revears Inattention to his 

Duty — 
Answer I do not remember it — 

Question Do you Remember of Saying Let the Seage Con- 
tinue as Long as it will, you should not Desire, or order 

Col' Revear to take any Command. 
Answer I do not remember saying any such thing. 
Question Do you Remember when you sent the orders for 

some Peices of Artillery to be carried on Bank's Island, 

weather You ment for Col' Revear to go himself or to 

order some officer to go 
Answer I expected he would see it done — 
Question Do you Remember Giveing Col' Revear orders 

to Retreat up the River with his men, as you was Detur- 

ment to fortify 



340 nOCUMENTAlIV lIIS'lOh-Y 

Questions asked l)v \\\o ('oimnittee 

Answer Yes — on tlio 15"' of Aug"' he was then on board 
the Pidt;eon Trans})^ his iMcn were hmdcd tlie Night bo- 
fore — He answer'd Ordnance Brig was destroy'd and 
there were no C'aniinn to make a Stand — I toM him 
there was no ditiicultv about tliat we might take Cannon 
from the Ships 

Ques" Do you Remember of Seeing any thing of Col' 
Revear after you gave him orders to go up the River with 
his men till you see him in Boston — 

Answer I do not 

On the 20'" I ordered Col" Revere to hind with his Men, 
with their ]\ruskets. In about an hour after our landing 
1 ordered him to take one of his Companies and the 
Carmon on shore from on board the transport, I gave 
no permission to Col" Revere to go on board the Transport 
to Dine, Sup, lodge or Ih-eakl'ast on the 28'" or 2!)" but 
expected he was on shore with his Men, till the contrary 
was represented to me, which occasioned my order of the 
'30'" of July to him to encamp with his Corps on Shore 
with the Army. 

Ques" Did you write to the (^ouncil to gi\e ( 'ol" Revear a 
reprimand for his unsoldierlike behaviour? 

Ans"" Yes, an<l I had reference to his disobedience of the 
order of the 15"' of August al»ove mentioned — And his 
leaveing the army without permission. 

Ques' When Col° Revere lodged on board did you consider 
it as a disobedience of orders? 

Ans"" T did not consider it as a disobedience of orders for I 
had given no orders that he should be on shore, but ex- 
pected that he &: every other officer tliat had any thing to 
do with the army, should be on shore — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 341 

Questions asked by Col° Revere 
The answers to the above Questions were sworn to before 
Court Ocf 1^' 1779 

Attest O Pealjody Cler 

Sept Questions put to Gen'l Gen' Lovell's answer to 

Lovell by several persons several questions 



Statement of Tliomns Nemcornh. 

The 14"" July Embarked on bourd the Sloop Safty for 
Penobseott Arrived the 25"" the same Evening I was ask'd by 
Col° Revere if I would go with C'ap^ Gushing a shore as a 
Scoutting party, 27'*' Col° Revere Ordred us to be ready to 
land the next morning with small Arms. I asked him if it 
was Customary for the Artillry to land with Small Arms, he 
told me it was not, but he would l)e glad we would do every 
thing to forward the Expedition. 28^'' at about Sun rising 
we land'd, Cap' Gushing after Ordred us to march up the 
Hill after we was up Col° Revere Order a Halt & to form a 
Cross the road — when done he Order'd to march he being 
in front of the Center Cap' Gushing on the Right i: Capt. 
Lineton on the Left & Advance tell Ordred to Halt on the 
Hights — 29'" & 30'" assisting Getting up the Cannon at 
which time Gol° Revere was assisting — in the after noon 
of the 30"" Open the ''Battery 31^' in morning before day 
there was an alarm Col" Revere was imedately in the Bat- 
tery. Aug 13 I was Ordred to take Command of a 
Company of Rangers & was no more in the Corps of Artillery 
during the Expedition. 14"' when I was Land'g I Saw 
Cap' Revere who told me the Artillery men was a Small 
way in woods at 10 "'Clock P. M Col" Revere & L' Phillips 
Came on bourd a Sloop where I was tfc told me he could not 



342 DOCUMENTARY IlISTOKY 

find bis men next morniii<; 15"' lie sent L' Phillips very 
early in qnest of the men, 9 O'clock he was very uneasey sent 
nie a shore to go down the River in quest of U Phillips, 
return'd L' Phillips abont 12 'OClock k conld learn noth- 
ing of the men — In the afternoon T was on bourd the 
Vengance & found thy where ago^ to burn there ship next 
morning — the Same Evening inCampt in the woods with 
Col° Revere as we could not find any of our men, Set of next 
morning at 9 O'Clock for home. — After we Gott through 
the woods CoP Revere gave L^ Phillips money for the men 
he being Lame went done the River & Order me to Boston 

Thomas Newcomb Capt L' 

I futher add — About dusk on the 14"* of Aug^' I went in 
the Boat to the Shore, saw Cap^ Revere & asked him where 
the Matrosses were, he told me a little way in the wood — 
Cap^ Revere had then left me — I was then in the Boat 
about a rod from the Shore, & saw the Col° in full sight; 
I could see every part of his Body — He did not hail me, 
nor say any thing to me or I to him I don't know that he 
saw me — Soon after I saw the CoP I saw B. Gen' Wads- 
worth with him — Soon after the barge set off for CoP 
Davis's Schooner — At 10 "'Clock on the same Evening CoP 
Revere came on board the Sloop where I was, & we both then 
enquir'd after the Men, I then told him they were upon the 
Shore, upon which Col Revere said he would send for them 
in the Morn^ — I had no apprehension that they would leave 
the place that Night, as I had given orders for them to Stay 
— I mean only to speak of the Men that I had landed from 
my Sloop to whom I had given particular Orders not to leave 
the Ground — I had given no orders respecting the others 
with Cap^ Revere because I had no Command over them — 
But told the CoP I supposed they were all together — In the 
Morning CoP Revere sent the barge with IJ T'hillips to look 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 343 

for the Men, & to order them up the River — The Col° had 
order'd me to get provision for the Men, which I did — But 
never saw them till we got to Fort Weston ^'except the Barge 
Crew." — who stay'd & came off with us — 

Thomas Xewcomb 
Sworn to before Court Ocf 1^^ 1779 

Attest O. Peabody Cler 



Statement Lieut Phillips. 

The I'k^^ July went on bourd the Sloop Safty to Penobscot 
Arrived the 25*^ the Same Evening I was asked by Col Revere 
if I would go with Cap^ Cushing a shore on a Scoutting party 
— 27''' Rec^ Orders to be ready to land with our Small Arms 
next morning. 28'^ This morning land'd about Sun Rise & 
formed our men Cap*^ Cushing Ord. the men to march up the 
Hill & then Orders Came to form a Cross the road then we 
march till we came to the Ilights Col" Revere soon after 
Ordred Cap' Cushing to go Gett a Feild peice a shore in the 
after noon it was Land'd 29"" 30 imployed Getting the Cannon 
up to the Battery CoP Revere was there most of the time the 
after noon of the 30'^ Oppen'd the Battery 2-18 pounders 
1-12-D. 1 Howitt — from this time to 13 Aug' I was every 
other day on Duty at the Battery during which time CoP 
Revere Viseted the Battery every day & makeing Observa- 
tions when e'ver there was an alarm which was often he 
imedately was in the Battery I never new him missing from 
Camp but when on Duty 14''' went on bourd the Sloop Safty 
& proceed up Penobscot River with the Transports after I 
gott on shore I meet CoP Revere he Desired me to take two 
men & bring his Chest to the Boat which was then Coming 
on Shore when I gott there I saw Brigader Wadsworth, I 
heard CoP Revere tell him if he would send another Boat 



:344 i)OcrMKNTAi:Y iiistoky 

ho would st'ud his to tow tlie W'ssoll on shoi'c he saved lie 
wouhl ii(» \- send one we stayed near hall' an hour i!v: none 
came during this time we was separated from our men all 
but the Boats Crew & the two men that Carried the Chest 
it was then Sun doune I told Col" IJevere that I had told Cap* 
Cushing that we would keep Close to the Beach with the 
]?oat thinking we where all to go uj) the Iviver we went up 
«S: doune the Kiver looking for the men Col" Ivevere sent men 
on shore at every place where there was A House to make 
euquirey but could hear nothing of them about 1 oClock we 
went on Ixmrd Cap' Little Sloop's & staid till day light he 
then Directed me to go doune the River as near the enemy 
as I dare go. «Sr take some men on shore with me & make all 
the inquiry I could for them and if I found them to Order 
them up the River to him. I went tt could not tind any thing 
of them "I returned aliout 12 O'Clock I found Col" Revere 
at a landing near Grants mills about 20 miles up the River" 
we stay'd there all that day a little before Sun doune Col° 
Revere went on bonrd the Ship Vengance to inquire what 
news when he returned he told mc they where agoing to burn 
tlie Vessell the next morning, we went into the woods about 
a mile & encamped that Xight, next morning finding a large 
party agoing to Sett oft" to go thro' the woods we went with 
them, the third day at night we Gott through the woods 
next morning Col° Revere Called Cap' Newcomb & myself & 
told us he was so lame he could walk no further that he with 
three more Officers had bought a Boat he Gave the Com- 
mand of the men to Cap' Neweomb & after Supplying us 
with what money we waiited he Ordred Cap' Newcond) to 
march to Boston that night at Sun doune we over took Cap' 
Cushing A: the Remainder of our Corp's 

Xicholas Phillips Leu' 
Sworn to in Court Oct"" 1" J 779 

Attest O Peabody (Jler 



OF TJIE STATE OF MAIXE 345 

Waterman Thomas' Account of Supplies. 

ly State of the Massachusetts Bay to Waterman Thomas — 
To Supplies for the Army at Cambden from 26^*" June to 
26'" July 1770, Viz — 

July2G"' To 35371/2 P of Bread @ 20/ 3537 10 

103611/2 P of Beef @ 20/ 10361 10 

9 Bushels of Peas @£18 162 

1941/2 P Coffee @ 20/ 388 10 

119 Gallons of Molasses @ 162/ 633 18 
1 barril Rum Cont*^ 33 

Gallons @ £9 297 

311/2 P Soap @ 30/ 

31/2 P Candles @ 30/ 98 5 

80 Gallons Milk 48 

To Cash p'^ Capt. Samson for Man k boat One 

Month Transporting Provision to Cambden 50 
To d. p** D° Expences after bread & parstring 

Cattle 26 8 

To Cash p^ Isaac Farnsworth, for Driveing Cattle 33 
To D° p** Capt. Gregory for boat 1 Month 30 

D. p** d"" for. Stear, Barrack, Parstering Cattle, 
Baggage Horses 6 Oxen & Cart & Dog bawl- 
ing Bread 115 
To Cash p'' ^U Robins for 30 Days Labour in 
Driving Thilling i: Issuing Provisions & 
Express 120/ 180 
To Cash p*' for 3 Quire Paper @ 48 7 4 
To 20 Bushels of Salt @£15 300 
To my self & Hoars bareing my Own Expences 
in Purchaseing Collecting & Issuing Pro- 
vision from 26"' June to 2(i"' July Inclusive 
being 31 Days (cv 180/ 279 



Errors Excepted £16,547 

M' Waterman Thomas 



346 



DOCDMENTAKY HISTORY 



Resolve of General Court. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Octob"" 1 1779 

Vonr ( '(•niniiltce on Doof Eliphclit Downer's Letter liavc 
Attended that Service and beg leive to Report by way of 
Resolve 

Resolved that Maj"" William Lithgow commander of the 
Troops Raised in the county of Lincoln for guarding the 
Seacoast in s** county: be k he is hereby directed to provide 
a Hospital & Apply to a Surgeon or Surgeons as the Case 
may Require to Attend on any person in his department who 
shall produce a Curtificate from the Officer who commands 
the Company to which he belongs Sating forth that he is in 
the Service of this State & Shall So Attend on any Soldier in 
that department be & he hereby is Ordered to lay his Ac- 
counts before the Committee on Accounts for payment — 

John Hancock Spk"" 
In Council October 2** 1779 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Sec'y 



Consented to 
Jere Powell 
A Ward 
Sam' Adams 
H Gardner 
J Fisher 



Moses Gill 
B White 
D Davis 
X Gushing 
O Prescott 



A. Fuller 
Saml Baker 
Sam Xiles 
J Stone 
T Danielson 



In.slrurliotts frotn War Office. 

War OlHce, Boston, Ocf 2*^ 1779 
Gentlemen 

The Board have sent Capt Ingraham round to Newbury 

Port, with Cables, Anchors &c and one Box Glass & gave 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 347 

him directions to proceed from thence to Kingston, in Order 
to take on board the Iron Ballast for the Ship Protector, but 
this Moment we are informed that it is Arrived in Town, 
contrary to our expectations therefore we request the favour 
of you to show this Letter to Capt Ingraham k inform him 
that it is the Orders of the Board, that as soon as he has de- 
livered the Cables &c, he will return to this place — we are. 

Your most humb' Serv' 
Mess Cross & Greenleaf 
Copy Jos Chapman J Secr'y 



Order of Council. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber Boston Octo"" 4^*^ 1779 
Ordered — That The State Commissary of Prisoners be 
and He hereby is directed to confine on Board the State 
Prison Ship lying in this Harbour, the Prisoners brought 
into this town from Penobscut by Lovejoy 

Attest John Avery Dy Sec^ 



Letter of Col. Allan. 

Machias Ocf 4"^ 1779 
Sir My Hurry of Business & the Uncertainty of Convey- 
ence Has prevented me for some time. To Inform the Be- 
spectable Committee of Boston of ]\Iany Matters, which 
Appears in these Eastern parts, hurtfull to the Interest of 
the States — 

The Toleration Given for persons to settle Affairs in Nova 
Scotia has terminated | as I have often Cautioned the Court) 



348 DOCL'MENTAUY IIISTOKY 

in an Open t^ Free Trade. The .Many Methods which is 
pursued k tlie Secrete Mode of Conducting, with the Univer- 
sal Degeneracy «t ('(irruption, Tho tliese parts Renders it 
possible to Detect without Some more rii^id Measures are 
followed tV: orderd bv Government — 

The Small Check, By a Kesolve of the General Court, the 
past Season as had some Little Eifect — But the permission 
(iiven to Go to Passamaquody makes it more dangerous, as 
thereby every one does as they please — it Being Supposed 
part of the State, Liberty is taken to a great Extent & most 
seems to Defy any Authority this way. I have Complained 
to Civil Authority Here, it Coming more perticularly into 
iheir Department but they Think its Xot in Their power to 
Stop it, as it is Contiuanced from the Westward — 

It may be Depended Upon, That The reinforcement to 
the Enemy at Penobscut was procured Thro That Channel, 
k. every Inteligence from Torys to Nova Scotia pass that 
way — 

My time not permiting me to write so fully on this as I 
Coud wish being surrounded on every Side with Indians & 
others, and the Sudden Departure of the Bearrers, my Chief 
Intention was to Acquaint about One Cap" Littlefield in a 
Sloop, part of Which I Understand is Own'd in the States — 
and as a Toloration from Government to (iete his Effects 
out of Xova Scotia — 

This has been Near three Years the Case — He takes from 
the States a Load of Lumber Every time he is Here — has 
it Taken by the Enemy P>nt always Gets a Good price for it 
Bv .some friend he tells of return Loaded with a Good Cargo 
k Disposes of it mostly, k some times all in Nova Scotia — 

On Hearing the restraint Laid upon Going to Nova Scotia 
Hawls u]) his \'essell. Sends his Master Upon Some frevelous 
Excuse to this place But well Known Upon Speculation with 



OF THE STATE OF ^rAINE 34f> 

Illicite Traders — T liad him Confined On Board the Amid 
Schooner — After some time, The said IMaster, with a Spy, 
a Deserter, & Two Others went of in the Schooners Boat — 

I immediately sent of a Party of Indians who siezed Little- 
field & Brot him Here, where I kept him A small privateer 
having taken some of his property at Passamaquody, he 
solicited for Permission to Go Westward — Being willing he 
should have Justice & Desirious such people who are Gener- 
aly in These Privateers should be Brot to Account — I Gave 
Liberty Under Bonds — Probably he may soon be in Boston 
I Recommend in the Strongest Terms he may be taken Care 
of & all Such Ineendarys — I am under iMuch obligation to 
Littlefield in Geting my Famely from Xova Scotia — View 
myself as a private person Bound By every Tie of Gratitude 
to help him — But his Public Behaviour is such that T must 
Sacrifice private Friendship, when such Fbigrant & Notorious 
Things Appears Against him, That Strikes at the Public 
Weal. I have acquainted the Court of This, & further that 
1 wrote you Thereupon 

My time Obelidges me to (V)n('Iii(le, eV I am with all Sut- 

able respect & Esteem — sir 

Your Verry Humble servent 

J Allan 
The above was taken By the Enemy 



Petition of U'"' Lithgoiv. 

State ^lassacliusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Oct" 4"' 1770 
On the petition of W"' Lithgow -Tun'" Resolved that the 
Board of War deliver the Following Goods viz — Cloath & 
Trimmings for a Coat, a pair of Breeches, one pair of Over- 
alls & Eight yards of Linen for Two Shirts, unto said Lith- 



350 



DOCU.MKNTAi;V IIISToltY 



gow or Oi'ilcr lie ]»;iviiii,' the same ])i-ice as the ( 'ontiiiciilal 
OfHcers, lio to Accdunt lor tlu* ahovc at the Close of the 
C'amiiain he is iiii!;agccl in. 
Sent up for Concurrence 



In Council Ocf 4''' ^::\^ 

l\c:\(\ S: Concurred flolni .\\vvy 

Jcr: ruwcll F M Dana 

A. Ward IT Gardner 
T Cusl.ini; r. Wliite 

Sam' Adams Sam' Niles 

J Fisher X Cushin^ 



John Hancock Spk' X 

1) Secy Consented to — 

D Davis 
Aaron Wood 
T Danielson 
J Stone 
A. Fuller 



reiilion of Scdh' Jiurtjcss. 

State of the Massachusetts Bay 

To the ITon'''" Council and House of Representatives 

Assembled at IJoston in General Court for Said State 

The Petition of Samuel Burgiss for many years an lii- 
lialiitaiit of Penobscott in the County of Lincoln in the said 
State Most Humbly Sheweth, 

That he has and always had the greatest regards for this 
his Native Country, and has been in the Service of the Hon'''" 
State either by Sea or Land ever since this glorious contest 
began that he was taken a Prisoner in the Schooner Resolu- 
tion and carried into Halifax where he was when the Cruel 
Enemies of these American States Invaded Penobscott and 
Destroyed your Petitioners House and Stript him and his 
Family of all that he had in the world and Sent liis five 
Children naked and helpless into the wide world, so that he 
and his family are by their merciless cruelty reduced to the 
utmost distress Poverty and want that when to me the fatal 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 351 

news of the affair of Penobscott came to Halifax Col" Bruce 
and other officers there knowing I was a good Pilot on the 
Eastern Coast used their utmost Endeavors to persuade your 
Petif to Enter into the British Service but that he refused 
their offers with Contempt and is now returned to his native 
Country in a helpless condition he therefore most Earnest- 
ly Prays that your Honors in your great goodness would he 
pleased to Compassionate his deplorable Circumstances and 
Grant him such Relief as his & his sons miserable case re- 
quires — and as in Dutj- Bound we shall Ever Pray &c 



Samuel Purges 



Boston Octo"" 4-1779 

he and his son being now 

very sick & supported by charity 



Orrlrr of Board of War. 

War Office, Boston, Oct 5'" 1770 
Sir/ Mr Joseph Sargent, will deliver you fifteen Cask Cop- 
per, which we desire you to receive & forward to Col" Hugh 

Orr — 

By Order of the Board 

J C. J. Secry 
To Mr. Blanchard Weymouth 



Representation of the Board of War. 

To the Hon'''" the Council, & the Hon"'" House of Repre- 
sentatives in General Court Assembled 

The Board of War begg leave to represent, That by the 
failure of the late Expedition to Penobscot they find them- 
selves involv'd in difficulties and embarrassments inextricable, 



'4^y2 I)()Ci;mextai;v iiisronY 

.'Mul, willnMit voui- Tloiiors iiiiiii('ili;ile intorjxtsitioti, totally 
iiisurmonntablo. In itiirsuimcc (d vmir Honors directions, 
this Board, with unreiiiitted assiduity, procurVl for that 
unfortunate Expedition, under every disadvantage of ex- 
hausted Stores & Scanty Magazines, even the most minute 
article in tlic ( ninitiissai'ial, Xa\'al *.V Militai'v departments, 
hut much the greater ])art of those articles, altho' procur'd, 
are still unpaid for, notwithstanding jtaymcnt has l)ecn fre- 
quently »k pressingly denumded. — 

The arm'd Vessells, together with the Transports, (all of 
whifh excepting one, arc destroyed) were insur'd hy Govern- 
ment, which together with their pay & subsistence, amounting 
to upwards of three millions & an half of dollars, is expected 
to be innncdiately paid. To this we must add the loss of our 
three State arm'd Brigg'"' on whom we more especially 
depended for a supjdy of our Stores: As we would observe 
to your Honors that a dependence on any further Commercial 
Importations is, in our present situation, much too precarious, 
as we must, with reluctance, acquaint your Honors, that we 
have lost every Vesscll, except one, that has been employ'd for 
Commercial purposes the last season ; to this we subjoin, 
altho' with particular regret, the loss of the Brig'° Mantes 
from Bilboa, with Cloathing and other articles sufficient for a 
supply for our Army & Stores for the coming Winter. — 

To the abo\'c disagreeable detail we have to mention the 
loss of the flatt bottom Boats constructed for the purpose of 
carrying Troops; & without replacing which, it will be im- 
practicable, in case of attack, to transport Soldiers, with 
facility, from one fortification in this harbour to the other. — 
The amount of the Debt incur'd by the Penobscot Expedition 
we cannot, at present, precisely ascertain, but just & true 
accounts of that whole P]xpenditure, Shall, as soon as they 
can be collected &; made out, await your order. — 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 353 

We would, with due deference, suggest to your Honors, 
that the season of the Year is now fast approaching when 
it will be indispensably necessary that our ^Magazines should 
be recruited with large supplies of provision & other Stores 
as p"" Schedule, which we have taken the liberty to annex, 
which will require very great sums of money, more especial- 
ly as by the loss of our arm'd & trading Vessells, our usual 
resources are destroy'd On our part, we must beg leave to 
assure your Honors that whatever Grants may be made for 
that, or other purposes, shall be applied with the strictest 
Oeconomy to the purposes for which they may be intended. — 

We have now in duty to you, our Honored Constituents, 
& in discharge of the Trust & Confidence placed in us, given 
you a general account of the Public Business and Concerns 
within our Department; and submit the whole to Your 
Honors wise & deliberate Consideration, nothing doubting 
that every measure that policy may warrant or prudence 
dictate will be adopted for relieving us, as far as may be 
practicable, from our present very embarrass'd situation. — 

Sam Phps Savage 

p"" Order 



Resolve. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Ocf G^*^ 1779 

On the Petition of William Erskine Praying for Twelve 
Barrells of Powder Forty Barrells Beef and Five Thousand 
weight of Bread 

Resolved that the Prayer of his Petition be granted and 
the Board of War be and hereby are directed to deliver to 
the said William Erskine, or his order, Twelve Barrells 

23 



354 



DOCl'MEXTAKY IlISTOKY 



Powder. Fortv Parrclls Beef & Five Thousand weight of 
iJirad (A if llicv have so iinich on hand they can spare B) 
we giving a rec' for what we may Receive of those Articles, 
to he discounted out of what is due to him for the Ship 
Charming Sally and her Appurtenances, which was lost in 
the late Expedition to Penobscot. — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk'' 
In Council Ocf 6^" 1779 

Read & Concurred with an Amendment from A to B 
Viz -de la from A to B. — 

Sent down for Concurrence 

John xVvery D Sec'y 

In the House of Representatives Oct. 6, 1779 
Read Sz Concurred 



Consented to- 
Jcre Powell 
A Ward 
Sam' Adams 
J Fisher 
1) Davis 



Moses Gill 
B White 
T Danielson 
Josiah Stone 
Sam Niles 



John Hancock Spk"" 

'N Cushing 
Oliver Prescott 
Sam' Baker 
Jn" Pitts 
Aaron Wood 



Resolve of General Court. 

State of ]\[assachusetts Bay 

Til House of Representatives Octobr 6, 1779 

Resolved tliat all persons who have Supplyed any of the 

Troops in the Service of this State with Provision on their 

Retreat from Penobscot shall lay their Accounts before the 

Committee on Accounts for Allowance and Pa;)-ment, Said 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 



355 



Accounts heing Properly Attested before Some Justice of 
the Peace within this State 

Sent up for Concurrence 



In Council Oct 6 1779 
Read & Concurred 



Consented to — 
Jer Powell 
A Ward 
Sam' Adams 
Tom Danielson 
Jabez Fisher 



1) Davis 
Moses Gill 
X Cushing 
Oliver Prescott 
Josiah Stone 



John Hancock Spk"" 

S Adams Secr^ 

B White 

Jn° Pitts 
Aaron Wood 
Sam' Baker 
Sam Xiles 



Order of (reneral Court. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Oct. 6 1779 

Whereas it is represented to this Court, that Sundry per- 
sons of the County of Lincoln Cumberland & York have a 
number of Cattle and Sheep that will be much for their in- 
terest to bring into the County's Southward of the State of 
Isew Hampshire 

Therefore Resolved, That John Waite Esq'' in y" County 
of Cumberland and Daniel Molton Esq"" of the Coimty of 
York and Col° Dummer Sewall in the County of Lincoln, 
appointed by this Court to give permits for Cattle to pass 
through the State of Xew Hampshire for the Army be, and 
they are hereby authorized, to give permits Also to such 
persons, as may drive Cattle and Sheep from said County's 
into the other County's of this State, Southward of the State 
of New Hampshire ; upon their giving sufficient Bonds to 
said Sewall Waite & Molton that such Cattle & Sheep be 



366 nOCr.MENTAKY IIISTOIIY 

drove to, tV Disposed ol' in the ("ouiitv\s of tlii.s State afore- 
said 

Sent np for Concnrrence 

In (\)uneil October 0'" 1779 John Hancock Spk' 

Read c^' Concurred 

John A very T) Sec'y 
Consented to 

J ere Powell 11 White D I)iivia 

A Ward N Cushin- A. Fuller 

T dishing H Gardner Jn" Pitts 

Sam' Adams Oliver Prescott Aaron Wood 

Moses Gill Josiah Stone Sam' Paker 



Petition of Several Towns in (bounty of Lincoln. 

To the Honor"'^ Council and House of Representatives of 
the State of the ^Massachusetts Pay in General Court of 
Assembled 

The Petition of us the Sul)scril)ers Selectmen of Sundry 
Towns in the County of Lincoln Ilunihlv Sheweth 

That on Receiving the Treasurers warrant and Tax Act 
for the year 1779 your Petitioners in Behalf of their Several 
Towns are under a Xecessity to Inform your Honours that 
their Several Towns are in no wise able to pay the Several 
Sums Assessed On them by Said Act for the Following 
Reasons (viz' as the Subsistance of the Greatest Part of the 
Inhabitants of Kennebec River hath been the Exportation 
of Lumber & Fish which Resources hath During the Un- 
happy Contest between England & America been Extremely 
Embarrassed as is of Late Almost Totally Cut of 

2'' Your Petitioners have Never Reaped any Advantage 
by the Late war ])ut by their Navigation being so much 
Obstructed have Suffered much many ways all which Renders 



OF THE STATE OF ^FAIXE 357 

your Petitioners utterly unable to Pay the Sum severally 
Demanded of them 1)y the Late Tax Act as they Have no 
Kesource hut to sell their Cattle to pay their Taxes and 
Even then there is not money to Purchase them with which 
if done, must Greatly Distress families in General as their 
Stocks are a Great Part of their Support 

Your Petitioners Have Cherfully Complyed with your 
Honor^ Requisitions by Furnishing their several Quo toes 
of men and Paying their Taxes all which they are as willing 
yet to Comply with According to their Abilities as they Ever 
have been but are not able to Pay Said Tax for the Reason 
Above mentioned therefore your Petitioners Pray that the 
Hon*"'* Court would Take their Case into their wise Con- 
siderations and Abate Such Part of Said Tax as your Honors 
in your Great wisdom shall see meet and as in Duty Bound 
your Petitioners Shall Ever Pray 

Ezekiel Potter Selectmen 

John M^iechnie ■ of 

SoP Parker ) Winslow 

Step: Barton 1 Selectmen of 

Abiel Lovejoy j Vassalboro 
Charles Webber 
Xehemiah Getchel 
David Thomas 
William Whittier 



Selectmen of 
Winthrop 



Selectmen of 

James Craigg ; -„- ,, ,, 

^° ' Ha Howell 



Levi Robinson 
In the House of Representatives Oct. 6- 1779 

Read & committed to the Committee on the Petition of 
Samuel McCobb k others 

Sent up for Concurrence 
In Council Oct 6 1779 John Hancock Spk' 

Read & concurred Sam' Adams Secr^ 



358 DOCUMKNTAUY IlISTOKY 

Report of CommUlcr on Expedition. 

The Committee of both houses appointed to enquire 
into tlio reasons of the failure of the laic Penobscot Ex- 
peditidii have after pivinu' due Xnticc tn \\\v ( 'nuiuiandcrs 
bv Land & Sea k cited such persons as the Committee 
judged most likely to give the best account of the Keasons 
of the failure aforesaid proceeded to enquire into tlie 
Causes of said failure — 

General Lovells narrative of his proceedure with the 
Councils of War by Land & Sea & the Depositions of tlic 
several Witnesses delivered in on this enquiry accompany 
this Keport And the Opinion of Your Committee upon the 
aforesaid Subject will appear as follows — 

1^^ Question Is it the opinion of this Committee that they 
have made sufficient Inquiry into the Causes of the failure 
of the late Expedition to Penobscot — 

Answer — Unanimously Yes — 

2^ Question What appears to be the Principal reason of the 
Eailure ? 

Answer — L^nanimously, Want of proper Sperit & Energy 
on the part of the Comodore — 

3'' Question Was General Lovell culpable in not storming 
the Enemies Principal Fort according to the Requirement 
of the Comodore & Xaval Council who ensisted upon that 
as the Condition of our Ships Attacking the Enemies 
Ships, when at the same time the Comodore informed him 
that in Case of such an Attack he must call the marines 
on board their Ships (the last was not made apart of the 
Condition by the Naval Council) — 

Ads'" — Unanimously, iSTo — 

4"" Question What in the opinion of this Committee was 
the occasion of the total Destruction of our Fleet — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 359 

Answer — Principally the Commodore's not exerting him- 
self at all at the time of the Retreat in opposing the 
Enemies foremost Ships in pursuit — 

5^^ Question Does it appear that Gen' Lovell throughout 
the expedition & the Retreat acted with proper Courage 
and Spirit? 

Answer Unanimously, Yes, & it is the opinion of the Com- 
mittee had he been furnished with all the Men ordered for 
the service or been properly supported by the Comodore 
he wou'd probably ha\'e reduced the Enemy 

6'^'' Question Does it appear tliat the Comodore discouraged 
any Enterprizes or oifensive measures on the part of our 
Fleet? — 

Answer Unanimously, Yes And tho' he always had a 
Majority of his Xaval Council against offensive operations 
which Majority was mostly made up of the Commanders 
of private Armed Vessels yet he repeatedly said, it was 
matter of favor that he called any Councils & when he 
had taken their advice he should follow his own opinion — 
As the iSTaval Commanders in the service of the State 
are particularly Amenable to the Government the Com- 
mittee think it their Duty to say that each & every of 
them behaved like brave experienced good Officers 
throughout the whole of the Expedition. — 

Ques"°° 7^^ What was the Conduct of Brigadier Wadsworth 
during his Command ? 

Ans"" Brigadier Wadsworth (the Second in Command) 
throughout the whole Expedition, during the Retreat & 
after, 'till ordered to return to Boston, Conducted with 
great Activity, Courage, Coolness & prudence. — 

The Committee find the number of men ordered to be 
detached for this Service were deficient nearly one third 
whether the shameful neglect is chargeable upon the 



300 DOCrMKN'lAI.'V IIISroKY 

lirigadiers. Colonels or other Otiiecrs whose particular 

duty it mi<::ht have been to have faithfully executed the 

Orders (d" ilie (General AsseinMy ihey caniKtt ascertain — 

Artenias W'aid j» ( )rder 

Present General \\'ard 

M-- ]Jana 

Gen* Daniel son 

Gen' Titeomb 

Gen' Farley 

Major Osgood 
October 7'" 1770 

Xote Hono' M"" Sever not present at all at the Enquiry, & 
CoP Prcscott & Little absent when this Peport was made — 
In Council October 8'" 1779 

Read and Accepted and thereupon Ordered, that a Copy 
of this Peport and the Papers accompanying the same be 
transmitted to the Honorable Congress, that, they may take 
such Orders thereon as to them may seem most conducive to 
public Justice And it is further Ordered that the Peport of 
this Committee be published in one of the Boston !N^ews 
Papers as soon as the Court Martial now setting in Boston 
upon the Commodore shall be over — 

Sent down for Concurrence 
In the House of Representatives 
Read & Concurred 

Consented to by Fifteen of the Council 



Report of Committee. 

The Committee of Jioth Houses on the Petitions of Samuel 
McCobb & others & the Petition of the Select men of the 
Towns of Winslow Vassalborough Winthrop & Hallowell 
Setting forth the Distress^ Circumstances of the Tidiabitants 



OF TIfE STATE OF MAINE 361 

of the County of Lincoln who liave been driven from their 
Homes by the Enemy & also of the Inability of the In- 
habitants of Said County to pay their Taxes praying for an 
abatement have attended tliat Service & ask leave to Report 
by way of Resolve 

Resolved that it be & it is hereby Recommended to the 
Select men of the Towns in the County of Lincoln to which 
any of the Inhabitants of Said County who Lately Resided 
at or near Penobscot have fleed for Safety from the Enemy 
that they Suply such of Said Inhabitants with the Xeces- 
saries of Life as are unable to Suport themselves until the 
further order of the General Court & Lay their accounts be- 
fore this Court for allowance & Payment 

Resolved that the Treasurer of this State be & he is hereby 
Directed to stay Execution to the Constables of the Several 
Towns in the County of Lincoln until the third Wednesday 
of the next Sitting of the General Assembly any order or 
resolve of this Court to the Contrary Xotwithstanding 

In Council Ocf 7"^ 1779 
Read & Accepted 
Sent down for Concurrence 
John Avery D Sec'y 

In the House of Representatives Oct 8 1779 
Read & concurred 

John Hancock Spk"" 

Consented to — 

Jer: Powell H Gardner Oliver Prescott 

A. Ward X Cushing Sam' Baker 

W Spooner Prescott Jn° Pitts 

B White J Stone A. Fuller 

Moses Gill Aaron Wood Sam Xiles 

Duplicate 



3G2 DOCL'MKNTAKY IIISTOKY 

PilU'wn of Will. Kmkinc. 
State of the 
.Mnss'^ May 

Tu iIk' Ilniililc tlic ('(iiiiicil and tlie II(iiil)le 

the House of Representatives of said Slate in 
General ("mirl Asscinhlcd at Tioston October 
1770 — 

William Erskine humbly Shews 

That, after the arrival of the Privateer Charming Sally 
into this Port (through the damage which s'' Ship received 
in cajjturing the lievenge, a Privateer of twenty six Guns 
cV whose force was wholly dira^ted against the Shipping in 
this Bay,) your Petitioner willing to render his country still 
further service immediately dispatched s** Ship Charming 
Sally upon the expedition to Penobscott; That s^ Ship was 
fitted out with provisions and Stores for four months en- 
tirely at the expence of your Petitioner without the least 
cost to Government ; That s'' Ship shared the general de- 
struction of the aforementioned Fleet, by which means your 
Petitioner was not only unfortunate in not accomplishing 
those services to his country which his good wishes had antici- 
pated, but he thereby bears an unequal loss in the ruin of 
that day, as the s^ Privateer was valued at only about two 
thirds of her real worth, according to the valuation of the 
rest of that Fleet : — That your Petitioner is now employed 
in dispatching two Ships of force to cruise against the 
enemies of these United States, from which he is apprehen- 
sive of being forced to desist through the present scarcity of 
Stores & Provisions suitable for that purpose, unless he is 
assisted by your Honors — 

Your Petitioner therefore humbly prays that your Honors 
would issue direction to the Board of War to deliver to him 
the following articles viz. 12 Barrells of powder, 40 J>bls of 



OF THE STATE OF ^rAIXE 303 

Beef &, 5000 weight of bread, in lieu of part of the articles 
of the same kind Shipped hy ,your Petitioner in manner as 
aforesaid: And your Petitioner, in consideration that the 
Vessells he is now fixing for sea may be under the necessity 
of waiting for the above articles ; in case your Honors shall 
not think proper to grant them as an equivalent for the same 
quantity In- him expended in tlie public service as afores** 
he is ready to pay for them in cash immediately, or return 
them in specie at some future period, or have the price of 
them deducted from the price of the Charming Sally, as 
your Honors in your great wisdom shall think proper. And 
your Petitioner as in duty liound shall ever pray — 

Wm Erskine 



Letter of John Prehle. 

Frenchmans Bay Ocf 7*'' 1779 
Sir 

I left the Garrison of Machias well 12'^'' Sept came up 
here to ano}' the Enemy assist and incorage the good in- 
habitants of this & the adjacent Towns to a Firm Opposi- 
tion & Resistance against the British Yoake, and have the 
Honour to acquaint you sir Mount Desert this place & to the 
Eastward are unannimous & determin'' not to go into the fort 
& take the Oath nor assist them in Ereetting any fortifyca- 
tions against us 

I must recommend to the Honorable Gen' Court that they 
will do Something to help & assist these worthy Inhabitants 
daily Expos'd to their Resentment k are threatned with fire 
& Sword if they will not Submit to their Tyrannical Orders 
to Come into the Fort to Work. 

Can any man of Spirit l)are the Thought of Submitting 



.■>(!4 DOCUMKXTAK'Y IlISTOIfY 

ranic'lv to that Voakc ot' disputism \' not defend the 
Countrv to tlio last drop in his \'"cigns, the people are Will- 
lUiX to do aiiv thinu' in llicii' power the linnoialilc Conrt shall 
think proper to advise tlieni to and they look to them for aid 
and assistance as a Child looks to his Father acknowledging 
all Former Favours & thanking them for the same. Cap^ 
Yolk the Uaircr of this Belongs to this Town <&: ('an inform 
voni- 1 1 oi mill's any particles yon may want to know 
1 am JSir with the Greatest liespect 

Your Honours most Obedient llunible Serv' 

John Preble 



Report of Committee. 

The Committee of both Houses that were appointed to 

consider the Letter from Brig"" Charles Cushing with the 

Papers accompanying the same have attended tliat service, 

A: upon the enquiring into the Conduct and Behaviour of 

John Ihoms Stephen Lampheer Rodorick McDonnold Edw"* 

Smith Robert Duglass & Lauchline McDonnold Prisoners 

brot up from Penobscott : — are of opinion that they have not 

acted otherways than many Honest Men would have done 

under like Circumstances : — therefore beg leave to report 

the following Resolve; 

B White pr Ord 



Resolve on Same. 

Resolved, That the said Jolm Tlioins A Ste" Lampheer 
Roderick McDonnold Edw'' Smith Kob' Duglass & B Lauch- 
line McDonnold be discharged from their present Confine- 
ment and that the IP''" Council be desired to send orders to 



OF THE STATE OF :\IA1NE 



365 



the Commanding Officer of the County of Lincoln not to 
Suffer small Scouting Parties to Molest or disturhe the In- 
habitants of Penobscott under their present Distressed Cir- 
cumstances 

In Council Oct. 7, 1779 
Read & Accepted 

Sent down for (incurrence 

John Avery D Secy 

In the House of Representatives Oct 8**' 1779 

Read & concurrd with an amendment at A & B at A dele 
Stephen Lampheer at B dele Lauchline ]\IcDonald 
Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk'" 

In Council Oct. 8'^ 1779 

Read & concurred with an Amendment at A viz at A insert 
they giving bonds in the Sum of £100 each to the Treasurer 
of the State with sufficient securities for their good be- 
haviour 

Sent Down for Concurrence 

John Avery D Sec'y 



In the House of Representatives Oct. 8, 1779 



Read & concurred 



Consented to 
Jer Powell 
A Ward 
W Spooner 
Sam Adams 
Moses Gill 



1] Wliltc 
D Davis 
Josiah Stone 
A. Fuller 
Oliver Prescott 



John Hancock Spk'' 

Jn" Pitts 
Sam' Baker 
X Cushing 
Sam Xilcs 
A Wood 



:]{',{] docump:ntakv histoky 

Resolved that tlic IIoii''"'' Council lie desired to send Orders 
to the ConiiuaiKliiiii: Officer of the County of Lincoln, not to 
suffer small scouting Parties to molest or disturb the In- 
habitants of Penobscott under their present distresse'd 
Circumstances 

True Extract from a Resolve passed Oct' 7'^ 1779 

Attest. 

dolin Averv D Secy 

A Insert in the Couutv of Lincoln 



Petition of Brigcjs Ilallowell. 

To the Hon""' Councell and House of Representatives for the 

State of the Massachusetts Bay — 

The Humble petition of L'riggs Hallowell who prays that 
he may have Justice done him as he has been Cruelly 
Treated and tigured by Silvester Gardner an absentee who 
formed every plan he Could to Knive me, said Gardner was 
bound in a Note of hand with me to pay Gilbert Hanifon at 
Certain Time Three hundred pounds Lawfull Money and 
as a security to said Gardner I gave him a Bond and Mort- 
gage on my Estate in the town of Hallowell for said Sum, 
I was sent for to Boston to settle some affairs of my fathers 
Estate. I was detained here a Long Time, a plan was 
formed to pnit me into Goal and all Artifices made up by said 
Gardner and ^ly L'nnatural Brother to Reduce me to 
I Jeggcry as they knew me always to be a friend to my Native 
Country ]\rany offers was made me to side with their Wicked 
party which I Xcver wrtuld Comply with. Then said Gard- 
ner secretly [)ayd the note he and I Gave Together without 
Ever Giving me the Least Xotice of it, he then sent down 



OF THE STATE OF :\rAIXE 3G7 

the Mortgage to the County of Lincohi Kept it a secrett from 
me as I then was in Boston, his Lawyer paid the Mortgage 
left a summons at my farm house, but Kever Gave me the 
Least iSTotice sent me a summons or any information that I 
could be made Acquainted with his Designs altho I Every 
few days saw him and was often at his honse, he secretly 
Entered the prosecution against me had me Cald out at 
Court then Gott an Exacution Leveld on my Estate without 
demanding the money or Letting me know one sillable about, 
it, all this was done while the Troops was in Boston, I was 
putt into Goal and 3 Times under Different Guards. I was 
Clostly watched, Threatned to be sent to England Because 
I found out when I was in London in 1763 and 17G4 the 
plans which was formed by Gouvernour Barnard and that 
Wicked party to Ruin this Countrj^, with Great pains and 
Cost I procured the Coppys of tlieir papers, and sent them 
to James Otis Esq"" by which means their designs was found 
out, when I came to Boston Gouvernour Barnard and Charles 
Paxton Esq"" paid me for Damages in Saco Action of £5000 
Lm because I made a discovery of their Wicked design they 
kept me in Law a Long Time and then they Could not sup- 
port the Actions 

Your Humble petitioner prays that the eTudgment which 
said Gardner Wickedly obtained against me may be set aside 
as he Never had any Tryall Xor had he any person to speak 
for him he begs the Hon''''' Counccll and House of Repre- 
sentatives would give orders for a Xew Tryall as I only want 
Justice should be done to me as I have been Greatly Injured 
I was always Ready to pay the money when any person was 
properly Authorized to give me a discharge Your petitioner 
as in duty Bound will Ever pray 

Briggs Hallowell. — 
Boston April 25 1779 — 



368 noi'lMK.NTAKY IIISIOICY 

Resolve of General Court. 

8tiite ol" ^lassacliusctts Ir.iy 

In the House of Representatives Oct | 

W'licrcas il ai>})('ars tliat I )(ict(ii- Silxcster (Jardiiier, late 
of lioston now an Absentee ditl in a fraudulent way while 
the Town of P)Oston was in the Possession of tiie British 
Troops obtain Judgement of (^ourt against Priggs Hallo- 
well then of the County of Lincoln 

Resolve<l that said Judgement be set aside to all interests 
and })urposes and that said Briggs Hallowell be put in the 
same situation as to his debt and lands as if no such Judge- 
ment had been obtained. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk"" 
In Council Oct. 7'" 1779 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Sec'y 
Consented to 

Jer: Powell II White N Cushing 

A Ward D Davis Jn° Pitts 

W Spooner Josiah Stone A. Fuller 
Sam' Adams Oliver Prescott Sam Xilcs 

!Moses Gill Sam' Tjaker Aaron Wood 



Report of Committee in re Town of Fryehurg. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Oct. 7, 177JJ 

On y" Remonstrance of Joseph Fry Esq"" & others a Com- 
mittee from y^ Town of Fryburg praying for an Abatement 
of y' Tax laid on s"* Town, for Reasons set foi-th in their 
said Remonstrance — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 3G9 

And, Whereas it appears to jour Committee that the Town 
of Fryburg was taxed the sum of Two Thousand four Hun- 
dred & Forty three pound, twelve shillings & five pence three 
farthings more than their just proportion. Your Committee 
give it as their Opinion, that s'' Town of Fryeburg ought to 

be abated y^ afores"* Sum — 

Fryeburg Nov"- IT''^ 1779 
York S« — 

Messrs Moses Ames & Joseph Frye Jun'' appeared & took 

the Oath required to be taken by Assessors to Enable Them 

to Enquire into the Rateable Property of the State of 

Massa"' Bay — 

Before me 

Jos: Frye Just Peace 



Resolve of House. 

State of Mass*' Bay 

In the House of Kcprcscntatives Ocf 8 1779 

Resolved that the Committee for enquiring into the failure 

of the Penobscot expedition be directed to enquire into & 

Report to this Court the Conduct of the Officers of Artillery 

And the Militia Officers employed in the late expedition to 

Penobscot. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock, Spk"" 
In Council Ocf 8 1779 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D^ Sec^ 
True Copy 

Attest 

Jn" Avery I). Se^ 

The Committee of both houses appointed to "Consider two 

Letters from Gen' Lovell dated the 3" & ^'^ Sepf instant, 

24 



n70 ixxTMKNTAnV IIISTOUY 

with tlie papers arc()iii[taii_viii^" the same iS: report what is 
])roper to he done tliereon,'' have attended that Service and 
find the Several matters containecl therein, have sinee heen 
taken np liy this ("onrt in another wav, ami tluM'elore noth- 
inir t'niiher remains to he done therein 

which is Sultniitted i.Vc 

Oliver Prescott P' order 
In Council Oct 1"' 1779 

Read k Aecepted 

Sent down Coju-nrrencc 

John Avery D. Se'' 

Tn the House of Representatives Oct. 8, 1779 

Read & concurrd 

John Hancock Spk"" 

Resolve of General Court. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives 
Oct' 8 — 1779 

Resolved tliat the Treasurer of this State l)e, and he here- 
hy is directed to pay to the Board of war Two hundred 
Thousand Pounds out of the money that shall he paid to 
him as the Proceeds of the Sales of the confiscated estates, 
which sum together with the Two hundred Thousand pounds 
more which has heen ordcr'd into their hands to enahle them 
to procure armed vessels for the use of this State, the ])oard 
of War are herehy directed to pay to the Persons to whom 
the ]^lhlic is indehted, on account of the Penohscot expedi- 
tion, in proportion to the sums due to those Creditors 
respectively. — 

And the Board of War are further directed to procure 
from the Treasurer of this State, the Securities of this Gov- 
ernment for the discharge of any part of the demands of 



OF THE STATE OF AfAIXE 



371 



the Creditors aforesaid, in such case as they are willing to 

receive the same, and the Treasurer is hereby directed to 

make out & deliver Securities for such Sums as shall be 

applied for by the Board of War for this Purpose, dating 

such Securities on the day when the Sums became due, 

which they are respectively made out to discharge. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk"" 
In Council Ocf 9'" 1779 

, Eead & Concurred 

John Avery D Sec'y 

Warrant drawn 
25*^ Dec'" 1779 



Consented to 
Jer: Powell 
A. Ward 
W, Spooner 
SamI Adams 
Moses Gill 



B White 
J) Davis 
Oliver Prcseott 
Josiah Stone 
Sam ISTiles 



Saml Baker 
Jn° Pitts 
Aaron Wood 
X Cushing 
A. Fuller 



Report of Committee on Petition of Stephen Hall. 

In Council October 8'" 1779 
The Committee appointed to Consider the Petition of 
Stephen Hall President of the Committee of Safety of the 
County of Cumberland & Report what is Proper to be done 
thereon, ask leave to Report the following Resolve 

Resolved that the afore Said Petition be Conmiitted to 
the Hon''''' Samuel Freeman John Lewis & William Gorliam 
Esq" a Committee appointed tk authorized to make Enquiry 
into the Complaints made by the Select men & committee of 



372 



DOci'.M i;niai:v ii isioi;y 



CorrospoiidoiK'O cl'c (.f F;ilin<mt]i in IIkmi- Lclter of the 29'" 
of Scptt'inhtT Last 

III Cnim.-il Ocf 8'" 1779 

liead & Accepted 

Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery D Scc'y 

In the House of Representatives Oct S, 1779 
Kead & Concurred 



Consented to — 

Jer: Powell IMoses Gill 

A. Ward J). Davis 

AV. Spooner II. Wliite 

T Cushing J Stone 

Sam' Adams N Cushinc; 



elolm Hancock Spk"" 

A Fuller 
Oliver Prescott 
Sam Niles 
Jn" Pitts 
Aai'iin Wood 



Resolve of Council. 

State of ^fassachusetts Pay 

In Council Ortol/ 8, 1779 

Whereas it a])]>cars to this Court that, the Commissions 
of the Capts and Siihatterics of Colonel Simonds lieii;iment 
are made out in such niannci- as that, thev are called of the 
third Iveiriment, Avhen they should have heen calh'd of the 
Second and the Commissions of the Cap'* and Suhatterics 
in Colonel Rositers Regiment are made out in such manner 
as that they are CaUcd of the Second Regiment, when they 
ought to have hern caHcd of tlic thir<l, hy means whereof 
great di.sturhancc anii uneasiness arise in the ("ounty of 
Perk.shire, therefore 

Resolved that, John Fellows Prigades in the County of 
Berkshire he »5c he herehy is directed immediately on Re- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



373 



ceipt of this Resolve, to cause the Commissions of the Cap- 
tains and Subatteries in Colonel Simonds Regiment to be 
altered from the third to the Second Regiment, and the 
Captain & Subatteries Commissions in Colonel Rossiters 
Regiment from the Second to the third, agreeable to the 
original intent and design so as that they may agree with 
the Commissions of the Field officers in the Respective Regi- 
ments aforesaid 

Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery D Sec'y 
In the House of Representatives Oct. 8, 1779 



Read & Concurred 



Consented to 
Jer: Powell 
A Ward 
T Cushing 
Sam' Adams 
H Gardner 



Moses Gill 
B White 
F. M. Dana 
Oliver Prescott 
N Cushing 



John Hancock Spk' 

A. Fuller 
Sam' Raker 
J Stone 
Sam Xiles 
Aaron Wood 



Letter of Wm Todd. 

Boston OctoV S^*" 1779 
Sir The Penobscot Indians have this day called on me for 
a Hat Gen' Lovell promised one of them, and who they say 
have not attended to procure one, thereupon they have applied 
to me to Desire an order of the Hon'''*' Councel on the Board 
of War for a Good Hat to fulfill s'' promise made by Gen' 
Lovell to s*" Indian having lost his white pilot to the Gen' 
aforesaid — 

Am Sir your very II' S^ 

Wm Todd 
Hon"'^ Jer : Powell Esq'" 



374 DOCrMKN'lAliY I1IS1()|;V 

Order (if House. 

Ill tlio House of IJi'pnscntativcs Oct. 8, 1770 

OrdcrM That Coll Thatcher Coll Gerrish tV Coll nrown 

of Heading he of the Committee appointed to enquire into 

the failure of the Penobscot Expedition in the room of the 

Hon' Coll I'rescot Coll Tittle <.V ^Taj' Os-iocid who are 

absent — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

Jiijiii Hancock Spk"" 
In Council Oct"^ 8* 1779 

Head & Concurred 

John Averv D Se^' 



Resolve of House. 

State of ]\rassachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Ocf 8'" 1779 

Resolved that the Treasurer of this State be, & he hereby 
is directed to pay to the Board of War Two hundred Thou- 
sand Pounds out of the Money that shall be paid to him as 
the Proceeds of the Sales of the confiscated Estates, which 
Sum together with the Two hundred Thousand Pounds more 
which has been ordered into their Hands to enable them to 
procure Armed Vessels for the Use of this State, the Board 
of War are hereby directed to pay to the Persons to whom 
the Public is indebted, on Account of the Penobscot Expedi- 
tion, in Proportion to the Sums due to those Creditors re- 
spectively. 

And the Board of War are farther directed to procure from 
the Treasurer of this State, the Securities of this Govern- 
ment for the Discharge of any Part of the Demands of the 
Credit(^rs afores'' in such Cases as they are willing to receive 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 375 

the same and the Treasurer is hereby directed to make out 
and deliver Securities for such Sums as shall be applied for 
by the Board of War for this Purpose dating such Securities 
on the Day when the Sums became due which they are re- 
spectively made out to discharge 

Sent up for Concurrence 

Joliii TTaiicock Spk' 
In Council Oct^ 9'" 1779 
Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Sec'"'' 
Consented to by the Major 

Part of the Council 

True Copy 

Attest. 

John Avery D Sec'' 



Petition of Col. Revere. 

To the Honorable Council, and Honorable House of Repre- 
sentatives 
The Petition of Paul Revere Lieu' Col Arti"' 
Humbly sheweth that Your Petitioners Character has been 
greatly abused, by many false reports which were propageted, 
that upon the Complaint of one Thomas Jeners Carnes, 
he was Arrested by the Council Sep 6 ; That by another 
Order of Council of Sep' 9"' that Arrest was taken oil", and he 
Orderd, to pass the examination, of the Committee for En- 
quiring into the Causes of the failure of the Expidition to 
Penobscot. That he has passed the examination of said 
Committee, but finds to his great determent, that Said Com- 
mittee have neither condemned, or aquitted him. 

He therefore humbly prays that Your Honors would 
direct said Committee to sitt again, as Your Petitioner has 



:]7t) nOCUMENlAKV llIsroKY 

some other cNideiicc to oiTcr ; nnd ili;ii ii mav he done today; 
as several of his (hief I'vith'iices are fj;oiiig to Sea. For 
should the matter he put otT to the next Sessions. He can 
never hope for Justice, Or that Your Honors would Order 
that a Court-Martial should he appointed for his Tryal, 
agreeable, to the Continental Ropdalions. which Vours 
Honors were pleased to jMit llim, and His Coi-ps under the 

last Sessions. 

and as in 1 )uty 

hound will ever pray &c 

Paul Revere L' Col A'' 

In the House of Representatives Oct 8 1779 

Read & referred to the Committee appointed to 

enquire into the causes of the failure of the Penobscot 

Expedition 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk'' 
Tn Council Oct^ 1)"* 1770 

Read & Concurred 

John Avcrv D Sec^ 



Request of War Office to Stephen Smith. 

War Office, Boston Ocf 11, 1779 
Mr Stephen Smith 

Agreeable to an Order of Council, Copy of which we now 
inclose, we are to Request you would immediately Ship & 
Send us all the Beaver & Furs you have at present in your 
possession, taking perticular Care that the Same be properly 
pack'd — If there be any Vessel with you that is Armed we 
desire a preference may be given to her — We are 

Your very bum Serv* 

S P T Pres' 
(Copy Jos. Chapman Jr. Sy) 



OF THE STATE OP' MAINE 377 

Order of Council. 

State of Mass"^ Bay 

Council Chamber Oc' 11'" 1779 
Ordered — That Stephen Smith Truck master at Machias 
1)0 and hereby is directed to Ship the Furs now in his 
Hands by the first convenient Opportunity and deliver them 
to the Board of War on their Order in Boston 

Attest John Avery D^ Sec^ 

Peiiiion of Edward Smith el ah. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

To the Hon*'''' Council of said State The Petition of 
Edward Smith Jun"" & others humbly Shews 

That your Petitioners were taken up as suspicious Persons 
and tried by the Hon""" Court and set at Liljerty but thro' 
a mistake in entering the Resolve they w^ere held to Bonds 
of one hundred Pounds each contrary to the meaning & In- 
tent of the Hon''''' House, Your Petitioners therefore pray 
your Honors to set them at Liberty that they may return to 
their Families — and as in Duty bound Shall ever pray 

Edward Smith 
Robert Douglass 
John Thomas 
Roderick McDonald 

Order on Same. 

In Council 0-=' 12, 1779 

Read & Ordered — That the Prayer of this Petition be so 
far granted that upon Bonds being given by Edward Smith, 
Robert Douglass, John Thomas, Roderick ]\IcDonald, 



378 DociMK.N rAi;v iiist(»i;y 

Stcj)lK'M Laiii]iliicr \- Lack" Mel (nualil to llic the TixMsurcr 

of this State in ilic sum of ( )iif liuinlic'l rounds for their 

good Beha\ iniii- tlic Said Smith ».V' others as aforesaid he and 

they are herehy set at Liherty «^' have Pcnnission to return 

ttt tlieir Families at Penol)seot — Any Order to the Contrary 

n(it\viilistan<linir 

Attest -Tolin Averv D'^ Sec' 



Order of Cuuncil. 

State of Mass"* Bay 

Council Chamber Oct^ 11'" 1779 

Ordered — That the Board of War be and they hereby are 
direetcd to deliver one of the Penobscot Indians Hat in lieu 
of a Ilatt promised by General Lovcll which said Indian lost 
when he was piloting the Gen' as aforesaid — ■ 

Attest Jn° Avery D Secy 



Petition of Brown and Thorndike. 

To the honorable the Council of the State of the ^lassa- 
chusetts Bay. 

Gentlemen, This Petition humbly sheweth, that whereas 
your Petitioners, part of the Owners of the Armed Ship Black 
Prince and of the Armed Prigantine Defence did agree to 
fix out said ship \' Brigantine for the Expedition against 
Penobscott, and had the Misfortune to have them distroyed 
while in the service of the State, which ^lisfortunc has de- 



OF THE STATE OF :\rAIXE 379 

prived your Petitioners of bv the greatest part of their In- 
terest, and renders them unable to carry on their Usual 
business in Xavigation, unless our Contract with the honor- 
able Board of War be speedily and strictly complied with : 

Therefore your Petitioners humbly pray that they may 
1)0 furnished with thirty two six pound Cannon from the 
Furnace belonging to this State on Account of the State, in 
order to arm one or more Vessels to Cruize against the 
Enemies of the United States; And in case the Continental 
Currency should depreciate from its present Value (which 
we pray may not l^e the case) we pray your honors that some 
^Measure may be adopted by which we may be assured that we 
shall not suifer by said Depreciation, by which means, per- 
haps, we may be able to procure of some Person of large 
Interest on the Credit of this State, so much Money as will 
enable us to proceed in our Ijusincss l)efore it may be con- 
venient for this State to advance the same, and your l^eti- 
tioners as in duty bound will ever pray &c 

Closes Brown 
Beverly 20'^ Sepf 1779 Israel Thorndike 



Leiter of Nath II. Preble et als. 

To the Honorable Council and House of Representatives in 
and For the State of Massachusetts Bay we, the Sub- 
scribers being appointed to acquaint your Honours of 
the perticular Surckamstances of this place at the arivel of 
the British troops at pouobscot and their sending out their 
proclamations for all the Inhabatants to come in and take the 



3S0 DOCr.MK.N TAUY II IS'POKY 

oath to them wc tindiii^ that the luhahatant^ of pouobscot 
Bagudnce fox Ishiiid Dear [sland Noskeag l>lew hill and 
I'lutii River Tn general iiad fell in with tlieir unreasonable 
measures and that they carried their point untill they came 
to us We all llcw to arms made a stand and suffered not any 
of tlieir proelamations to enter our town nor suifered them 
any asistance from us of any kind Mount Desert and all to 
the eastward of us has done the same We remain so still 
notwithstanding all their threts which is Dayly thrown out 
and are fully Determined to stand out to the Last and if 
subdued by force of arms to fall into their Barbrous hands 
as prisoners ^^'e now beg your Honors speedy advice How 
you would have us conduct our Selves and grant us such 
asistance as y(>ur Honour in your wisdom thinks best for us 
and the states for general in this Day of our great Distress 

Nath H Preble 
Dan' Sullivan 
Benjamin York 
Frenchman's Bav Ocf 11, 1779 John Pane .Tun. 



Order of Council. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber Oct^ 11''^ 1779 
Ordered that Stephen Smith Truck master at Machias 
be k hereby is directed to ship the Furs now in his Hands 
by the first Convenient opportunity and deliver them to the 
Board of War or their Order in Boston 

True Copy 

Attest John Avery D Sec'y 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 381 

Order of Council. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber Oct^ 12'" 1779 

Ordered That the Board of War ])e & they hereby are 

directed to take up a Vessel upon the easiest Terms possible 

as a Flag for the purpose of removing from Penobscot the 

families of Joseph Perkins & others in similar distress'd 

Circumstances who may be desirous of being removed into 

this State agreeable to a Resolve of the General Court of 

Sept 11''' last — 

True copy Attest 

John Avery D Sec'y 

Memorial of Lt. Gilman. 

To the Hon' Council of the State of Massachusetts Bay 
The Memorial of Lieut. Andrew Gilman — 
Humbly showeth 

that he intends leaving Boston to-morrow with the Indians 
under his care for Penobscot by land, they being afraid to go 
by Water, he is therefore necessitated to apply to your 
Honors for ninety or one hundred pounds to enable him to 
return with the said Indians. And as in duty boimd will 
pray 
Boston Ocf 12"^ 1779 Andrew Gilman 

Order on Same. 

In Council Ocf 12'" 1779 Pead & Ordered— tliat the 
Commissary Gen' be and hereby is directed to deliver Lieut. 
And"' Gilman three Kations per Day for himself and two 
Indians of the Penobscot Tribe for six days to enable them 
to return to Penobscot. 

Attest John Avery D Sec'y. 



■)S2 J)Cnl-.MK.\TAl;V I118TOKY 

Jlniifl of EdiranJ SniilJi d als. 

Boston ()(•' ll"" 1T7!>. 

Know all .Men l»v these presents Tliiif We Edward Sniitli 
^larincr, Jolin 1 lumias C'ordwainer, Roderick ^IcDonald 
Labourer all of Penobscot. Robert Douijlas of Fox Islands 
^I;iriiicr ami Stcplicii Laiijiliier voeniaii A: Ladiaii McOaiiicl 
Labourer both of said Penobscot and all in the County of 
Lincoln and State of the ]\Iassachusctts Pay are severally 
held and Stand firmly bound and Obliged unto Henry 
(Jardncr of Boston in the County of Suffolk and State afore- 
saiil Esquire Treasurer and Receiver General of the said 
State, in the full and Just Sum of One hundred pounds each, 
to be paid unto the said Henry Gardner Treasurer as afore- 
said or his Successors in said Office, to and for the use of the 
said State, to the which payment, well and truly to be made, 
We bind ourselves our heirs Executors and Administrators 
firmly by these presents Sealed with our Seals dated the 
Twelfth day of October, In the Year of our Lord One Thou- 
sand Seven hundred and Seventy Nine. 

The condition of this present Obligation is Such That 
Whereas the Hon'''^ the Council of the said State on the day 
of the date of these presents on the Petition of the said 
Edward Smith Robert Douglas, John Thomas & Roderick 
McDonald Ordered, that the prayer of their Petition be so 
far granted that upon Bonds being given by said Edward 
Smith, Robert Douglass, John Thomas, Roderick ]\rcDonald, 
Stephen Lanphen and Lachan ]\Ic Donald to the Treasurer 
of this State in the Sum of One hundred pounds for their 
good Behaviour, the said Smith and others as aforesaid be 
set at Liberty & have Permission to return to their Families 
at Penobscot — If Therefore the above bounden Edward 
Smith, John Thorns Roderick ^IcDonald, Robert Douglas, 
Stephen Lanphen &: Lachan ]\rcI)onald shall l)e of good Be- 



OI-- TIIK STATE OF MAINK 383 

havioiir to the Inhabitants of this k the Other United States 

of America then the within written Oliligation to be void, 

],\\\ in default thereof to remain in full force. 

Signed Sealed & Deliv: in the presence of 

Nath' Foster Onesiphorns Tileston 

Roderick McDonald 
Steplien T>an])her 
Lachlen ]\IcD()naI<l 



Petition of PerJrins and Hatch. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

The Petition of John Perkins & Mark Hatch of Majorbig- 
wayduce Humbly Shews 

That the enemy at said Majorbigwayduce have in close 
prison and in Irons, several of their Brethren & neighbors 
viz — Daniel Perkins, William Westcot Tho^ Ivl'utter David 
Winslow Joshua Greendall Joshua Thorndike & Robert 
Snow. 

Your Petitioners therefore Humbly pray's your Honors 
woud please to send down in the Cartel to Majorbigwayduce 
an Equal ISTumber of Prisoners from the Prison ship in this 
Harbor in Exchange for their unhappy Friends above- 
mentioned, 

And your Petitioners as in duty bound will c\er pray 

John Perkins 
Boston 13^'' Ocf 1779 Mark Hatch 

Order on ISamc. 

State of Mass"' Bay 

Council Chamber Ocf 13'" 1779 

Read & Ordered — that the (\inunissary of Prisoners be 

and hereby is directed to send in the Cartel bound to Penob- 



384 DOCUMKNTAKY IllSToKY 

scot Seven Prisoners for the Purpose of an exchange for 
Daniel Perkins, William Westcot. Thomas Nutter, David 
Winslow Joshua Greendall, Joshua Thoriidike and Robert 
Snow detained as Prisoners at ^lajorbaggaduce — 
Attest John Avcrv D Sec'y 

Priilinn of Juscpli Xoyes. 

To the Honorable the Council of the State of Massachusetts 
Bay. 
Joseph Noyes of Falmouth in the County of Cumberland 
Commissary to the Sea Coast men Stationed at Falmouth & 
Cape Elizabeth Pray* your Honours to give him a Warrant 
on the Treasurer for the sum of two Thousand Pounds to 
enable him to procure Provisions & other necessaries for said 
men & he as in Duty lx)und shall ever pray 
Boston October 13"' 1779 Joseph Noyes 

Order on Same. 

In Council Oct IP/" 1779 Read and Ordered that a War- 
rant be drawn on the Treasurer for £2000 in fav"" of Jos'" 
Xoyes Esq Comissary to the Sea Coast Men stationed at Fal- 
mouth to enable him to supply said Men with Necessaries 
he to be ace"" 
October DJ"' 1779. John Avery D Sec'y 

Order for Provi'iions for Prisoners. 

State of Mass"" Bay 

Cou7K-il Chamber Oct^ 13^" 1779. 

Ordered — that the Commissary Gen' be and hereby is 

directed to deliver the Commissary of Prisoners ten days 

Provisions for twelve Prisoners on Board the Cartel bound 

to Penobscot — he to be ace*"'" for the Same — 

Attest Jn" Avery D Sec'y. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 385 

Account of Committee of Biddeford. 

\y the State of Massachusetts Bay, to Committee of Bidde- 
ford— Mar. 30. 
May 29. To advertising one day 5 in number 

To expences a' 15 p"" man 

To attend" on sale, 3 in number 

To dinner & other charges 

To 3 bowls of Toddy 

To m"" Xieholas Smith's Journey to 
York to have this Acct. adjusted. & 
search the records 

To probate fees &c. 



£7 


10 




3 


15 




4 


10 




6 






2 

1 


5 




12 






1 


5 


4 



c 



£37 5 4 

By 6 acres of Land & 2/3 of a Barn, 
leased to M"" Thomas Domicll 60 

By 2/3 of a dwelling house leased to 
Select men of Biddeford 7 

By 10 acres of Land leased to ^V 

Jerem** Emery 1 16 



£68 16 
By order of the Committee, 37 5 4 



Nicholas Smith £31 10 8 

York ss. Oct"" IS'"" 1779 The above account being presented 
to probate Court, and being sworn to, and found to be well 
\ouched and right cast, the same is allowed, and find bal- 
ance due to be thirty one Pound ten Shillings and eight 

pence. 

Joseph Simpson, Judge of Probate 

Copied from the original by Daniel Sewall, Reg"" 
25 



386 I)OCUMi:nt.\i;y iiisroi.-v 

Pel if ion of Edirnrd ."^inilli vl als. 

iSiate of Mass"* Bay 

'In the lion""' Council (.f said State 

The Petition of Edward Smith cV: others Humbly Shews — 

That your Petitioners Family torrcther with his l>rother 
Simon Smith & Family .lolin 1 )()Ui;la.ss & Family John 
Thomas A: Family, Kohtit Houi^lass <Sr Family arc all Iii- 
lia!)itaiits in Penobscot River — ami there l)eing five british 
Prisoners taken at Penobscot k now on board the Prison 
Ship in this Harbor Humbly prays your Honors they may 
be sent down in the Cartel — to be Exehanpjed for same of 
the above mentioned persons — as it will be a means of the 
Petitioners Family \- Friends above mentioned being per- 
mitted to return to this place 

And your petitioners as in Duty bound kc 

Edward Smith 
.lull II Thomas 
Robert Douglas 



Report of W" Lidu/oir Jun'\ 

Sandv Point on Penobscut River Oct' 15'" 1770 
Sir. 

As my present situation olilipes me to be a Witness to the 
distress of the i»eoplo on this rixcr T slioubl not only be 
guilty of an abuse of the confidence reposed in me by the 
Honourable Council, but also callous to the cries of the mis- 
erable was T to delay a single moment to lay before them 
the peculiarly calamitous circumstances of the wretched In- 
haliitants. some Weeks since (Jencral McLean issued an 
Order requiring one half of the Inhabitants to go to Mage- 
bigwaduce and labour on the Fortifications erecting there, 



OF TILE STATE OF MAINE 387 

who were to be relieved 1)v the other half when the General 
thought proper who threatned in case of disobedience to 
desolate the Settlements on the river & the adjacent Islands 
& treat the persons of the Inhabitants as Rebels; the people 
on the Island exposed by their situation and unable to re- 
sist pretty generally complied with the ]\[andate and went 
in to work, notwithstanding which, the humane McLean 
last week ordered a party in a number of small Transports 
& conveyed by the Xautilus Ship to land on Fox Islands 
where I believe they have plundered all the Cattle (except 
such as belonged to a few Tories who have gone within their 
lines) & burned some houses & Barns ; but the Inhabitants on 
the River encouraged by our appearance at Cambden and 
disgusted at the perfidy of the British General, as well as 
the repeated insults offered them by the Troops under his 
command determined to sacrifice all their interest rather 
than comply with the Generars Order, & in the mean time 
made application to me for Assistance in getting oif their 
families & cli'ects, as they seem generally to think they can 
no longer continue on their farms without having a body of 
men stationed among them for their protection; in conse- 
quence of their Application I left Cambden last Sunday 
night with a party of 500 men being all that could be spared 
from that post & arrived at this place a Monday Evening — 
the day following I took a small party & went further up the 
liiver accompanied by Major ^Miiidi a X'oluntcer in (piest of 
a small party who had marched thro' the Woods from Ken- 
nebec ; towards evening a })arty of about 90 regulars & Tories 
landed on this point (which is quite clear of Woods) under 
the fire of an armed Vessel, destroyed two old Whale Boats 
of ours that lay at the laiuling, burned one House which 
stood near the Shore, & endeavoured to destroy the remainder 
of the houses to the number of 4 or five but were repulsed in 



388 ItOCrMKNIAKV lIlsroKY 

till' altoiui'I with tho loss of tlircc killc(l iV 7 l>aillv wounded; 
ll(iii-\ ( loldlliuail. a soil (d" tlir ( 'oloiKd's wt- aiX' iiiroi'incil 
is aiiioiiir till" latter. 

I liavc now 70 men at this place l)ut find it impracticable 
to get olT the Inhabitants for want of Boats, as there is scarce 
one left on the Tvivcv, all therefore that can l>e now done is 
to protcrt the Iidiahitaiits as well as wo can in securing their 
Crops which arc very considerable, uutill I receive some 
Order of Council respecting them, which (for the sake of 
the poor distressed people) I beg may not be delayed, as 
they will be entirely exposed to the fury of the Enemy after 
we leave this river wliidi will be ilie first of November, being 
the expiration of the Term for which the Men were De- 
tached — I am persuaded the Honorable Council will think 
it necessary either to remove the Families with their effects 
or immediately order a sufficient (nuird on the Ivivcr to pro- 
tect them ilurini; the Wiiitei-; should their removal 1)0 thought 
eligible I should think it best to send a number of Trans- 
ports convoyed l)y a snflficient armed force, as it is in the 
Enemy's power to prevent the passing of Boats — perhaps 
half a Dozen Wood Sloops might serve to remove the whole 
(except the Cattle which may be driven by land which might 
enable the people to support their families untill the Spring 
without being a public burden, but should it l)e thought more 
expedient to post a body of Troops here during the Winter 
I imagine 200 would lie little enough to guard this river and 
Cambden which places are at any season accessible to the 
Enemys Shipping in the latter case it will be necessary to 
order IJarracks built to shelter the men *!v: a quantity of Bread 
sent down; as for Beef T believe enough may be got here — 
many persons with larixe Families of helpless Children have 
already fled to the Neighlwurs of Cambden S' CJeorges &c 
with scarce property enough to support them a single day & 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 389 

many more have been obliged to take Shelter in the Woods 
— some wish to continue here provided they can have pro- 
tection & others incline to go to their friends in various parts 
of the Country at all events — the Enemy's naval strength 
at present consists of two Ships; three Nautilus of 16 Guns 
& the Albany of 16. or 14 Guns and an armed Sloop & 
Schooner; I shall endeavour to employ the small remainder 
of my time here in annoying the Xeighbourhood of the 
Enemy as much as I can by scouting parties. Yesterday I 
sent a small party near ^fagebigwaduce to drive off the 
Cattle, & destroy some Hay which is like to fall into the 
Enemy's hands, after removing the Families who wish to 
come away & propose very soon to take possession of a Fiekl 
of Indian Corn belonging to Col° Goldthwait said to contain 
50 or 60 Bushels which lies between us & the Enemy 
I have the honor to be 
Sir 

Your obedient Servant 

W" Lithgow .Tun"" 
iST B The late severe reverse in 

Gen' McLean's behaviour has oc- 
casioned the Desertion of some of 
his best friends here. 



Report of Capt. Blunt. 

Cambden Oct' 16, 1779. 
Sirs. 

Major Lisgow's Absence from this Post up Penopscutt 

River, make's it my <luty to Tuformc you of the Arival of a 

number of the Enemy's Shiping in this Bay and now on their 

way to ^[ajor- Bigwaduce — 



.')IIO DOCl'MK.Nl'AKY IIIS'IOK-V 

riu'v A|>iicar lo consist of one Lariic Sliip Suppose to l)e 

a 'l'raiis])iirt of Ti-dnjis, a I'^riiiate of Al)ont 32 Guns and a 

Xumbcr of Tenders — 'Jlie principle Officers at Bagawadiice 

liave given out they would piiy us a Visit at tliis post very 

soon, l)ut With the Troops I have here which Consist of 60 

men. aii<l ihe Assistance of the Tnhahilanls 1 am determined 

tn inaiiilain the < Ji-<iiiih1 i f To-sihlc 

I am Vdur llniiours ^lost Ohcdient Ilnnililc 

iServaiil 

-lolin DIunt. Cap' 



Rcjjorl of (i(')i' ('iisliinf/ — 

Pownalborough Oct^ 18'" 1770 
Sir/ 

Inclosed is a Letter sent express by two men from Penol)- 
scot through the woods by the way of Fort-IIalifax from 
Cap' Ulmer who is there witli a Scouting party of about 
Sixteen Men — In Consequence of which I have ordered a 
Company of Men to ]\Iarch from Fort-IIalifax to Penob- 
scot & there Protect the Inhabitants in the best manner in 
their Power until the time for which they were detach'd 
shall expire which will be the first of next month, have 
also directed Major Lithgow to send a Company from 
Cambden to Co-opperate with them at certain seasons as he 
can spare the men from that (^)uarter. Have also appointed 
^P Jcdediah Prebble of Penobscot to Supjily the men that 
may be sent there with provisions. 

I apprehend it would be very necessary that some men 
should be continued to be stationed up Penobscot River to 
Support the drooping spirits of the Inhabitants who it seems 
lire willing to defend themselves, notwithstanding their oaths 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 391 

— provided they can have assistance. And if no assist- 
ance could be afforded they would choose to remove from 
thence if they could get off, rather than be subject to the 
Britains — Their Situation is truly distressing — between 
the Britains & Torys they are subject to daily plunder k 
know not which way to fly for shelter k if proper measures 
are not taken to keep up Constant Guards The Inhabitants 
ibis way may be, by the incursions of the enemy rendered 
in like manner miserable. I have Stationed Some Troops 
at the mouth of Kennebeck River where it will be needful to 
Continue them & in several other places, but principally at 
Cambden — 

If a Military Force Should be kept up it will be necessary 
to provide Barracks before the Cold weather comes on 
especially at Camden where it is likely the greatest number 
of Men may be stationed. 

As the Article of Bread may be much wanted not only for 
the Inhabitants of this Country but also for Men that may 
be raised for the defence of it — It would be very beneficial 
that some measures should be taken to prevent persons that 
come into this County from Carrying off Indian Corn Rye 
& other grain which is done by extorting this sort of pay for 
what they may have to sell, to the refusal of the currency — 

I am at a loss to know the proper rations to be delivered 
to each Soldier — having never received any directions for 
that purpose. Should be glad to be inform'd respecting the 
same 

Previous to the raising the Troops for the Penobscot ex- 
pedition upon the first arrival of the enemy at ]\[. biggwa- 
duce I caused about three hundred men to be raised & 
stationed at Cambden by advice of the Committees of the 
several Towns in this County. When the establishment is 
made for the payment of the Penobscot Troops, should be 



392 ii()CfMi:\TAi;Y i'is'i'okv 

glad it iiiiulit lie made tor the pavmcnl of tlic otlior also — 
I am Sir ^^.ur .Most Ol.cd" \- Xvvy lIMc Scrv* 

Chas. Cushiiij,' Ur'v/ G' 
The Tlon^'" Jeremiah Powell Ks.f President kc. 



Memorial af -/osin/i Brewer. 

'W) the Hull' Council of ^fassachusctts Bay 

The Memorial of the Subscribed Truck Master at Penob- 
scot Humbly shews 
That he wants for said Truck House 1 P"" Scales, 1 P*" 
Stilyards, 2 Ace* Books I/2 Ream Paper, k money sufficient 
to pay the freight of sending Goods from Boston to Kenne- 
beck River for s'' Truck House — 

therefore Prays your Honors tu dircc-t tlic Com^ Gen' 
(who has the same on hand) to deliver him the said ailicles 
— he to be accountable therefore — 

And as in duty bound will pray 

Josiab Brewer 



Order on Same. 

In Council Oct^ 18, 1779 Bead & Ordered tliat Bichard 
Devons Esq. Commissary General be and he hereby is 
directed to deliver Col" Josiah Brewer One pair of Scales, 
one p' of Stillyards two Ace' Books & half Rheam of Paper 
for the Use of the Truck House in Kennebeck River he to 
be ace*"'" for the Same. 

Attest .Tn" Avery D Sec'y 



OF THE STATE OF :\rAINE 393 

Report of Col. Goodwin. 

Berwick, Ocf 18, 1770 
Sir 

in obedience to the Orders of Council to me directed I 
have Caused the jSTinth company in the Second Reg' in the 
County of York to meet as the ^Militia hiw directs, to Chuse 
a Captain & first Lieutenant in the room of Cap' Samuel 
Weeks & Lieu' William Lewis, who had leave to Resign and 
to till up the Vacancies which arose by their Resignations, 
and they have meet accordingly «& made Choice of Mr Thomas 
Cutts for their Captain Mr Benjamin Parker J"" for the 
first Lieu' and Mr Joel Furnald for Ihe 2'^ Lieu' as Certifyed 
by j\Iajor Shapleigh who presided as moderator at said 
Choice, would inform the Hon''''' Council that there is still 
two Captains & Several Lieutenants Vacancies in the Regi- 
ment Occasioned by promotion and Removal out of the 
Limits thereof and wait your Honours command for filling 
them up as tlie Militia law makes no provision unless Re- 
moved by a Court Marshall I am Sirs witli all Respect 
your most obed' Humljle Serv' 
To the Hon''"' Samuell Addams Secretary 

Ichabod Goodwin Col. 



Petition of Ehe^f Thayer. 

To the Honorable the Council 

Elienezer Tliayer hiunbly represents 
That he has been for some time in the service of this State 
as a Marine Officer and was first Lieutenant of the Armed 
Brig Tyrranicide on the laic unfortunate Expedition to 
Penobscot, where in the general destruction his own loss was 
very considerable, that he flatters himself that in the several 



394 DOCUMi;.\TAi:v iiistouy 

Stations in wliicli lie lias had tlir Iloiiur to Ite jdaccd lie lias 
coiiductcil liini^cll as an Otlit-cr an<l Seaman and as lie bi;- 
lieves to tlie approl)ation of his ( 'onmiander. But his 
private fircMinistaiices and disposition not admitting a State 
of inactivity and being well informed that there is no pros- 
pect that any immediate equipment of State Armed V^essels 
would take }»lace and wishing to hold his IJank and expecta- 
tions when opportunity presents, solicits your Honors leave 
of absence for four Months Cruize against the Enemies of 
the United States, upon his return from which and at all 
other times he prays leave to assure your Honors that he 
shall be cheerfully ready and desirous to obey the call of the 
Honble Council or the Board of War for any Station or Com- 
mand for which he may be thought to be qualified. 

Eben"" I. Thayer 

Order on Same. 

In Council Oct' lOth 1779 

Read k Ordered that Ebene// I. Thayer late first Lieut, 
of the Armed Brig Tyrranicide which was lost in the Penob- 
scot Expedition bath and hereby has leave of four Months 
absence to cruise against the Enemies of the United States 
and upon his Return from Said Cruise that he shall upon 
any equipment of State Armed Vessels be entitled to hold 
his Bank and Expectations. 

Attest John Avery T) Sec'y 

Ordrr of Commiitrp of General Court. 

Suffolk ss. To th(! Sherilf of the (V)unty of Suffolk his 
Under Sheriff or Deputy or to any Constable of tlu; Town (jf 
Boston in sai<l f'onnty — (Jreefing 



OF TIIK STATE OF ^fAINE 395 

You are herein' directed "by the Committee appointed by 
the General Court to enquire into the causes of the failure 
of the expedition to Penobscot kc'' forthwith to sunniKju 
Cap' Holmes late Commander of the Charming Sally. M"" 
Watson his Cap' of Marines; Cap' Hallet, Cap' Burke, 
James Sevens, 2^ Leiu' of the Tyrannicide & Joseph Cun- 
ningham 2*^ Leiu' of the Hazard to make their appearance 
before the afforesaid Committee in the east Lobby of the 
State House in Boston on the eleventh day of Xovember next 
at nine of tlie Clock in the forenoon to give evidence of what 
tliey know respecting the Conduc-t of L' Col" Paul Revere 
during the aforesaid expedition, fail not at your peril, and 
make return of this Summons — Witness my hand this 19"' 
day of October 1779. 

Oliver Peabody 

(,'lerk of said Committee 

In obedience to the within I have summoned all the Per- 
sons within named to appear at the time & Place within 

mentioned — 

P"" me Daniel Peirce 



CompJainl of IT"'" Yprnon. 

■ Ocf 19"' 1779 
To the Hon'''*' The Council of the State of Massachusetts bay. 

The Navy Board for the Eastern Department 
Beg leave to represent to your Honors That ^NP Jonathan 
Greeley of Kingston was imployed by ^V Jonathan Winship 
of little Cambridge to purchase Cattle for use of the Navy 
had bought forty nine Cattle in the Province of Main & 
drove them far as falmouth where they were stoped by the 



39G DOCUMKNTAKY IIISTOIJY 

Com'*"' & by llu'in tnkeii into posst'ssioii, lie arrived in Town 

tliis morning with his ( 'miiiihiini to ilie Xa\v IJoard. 

W'ii h(;g leave to rc<iuest that your Honors will take such 

.Measures as may be Necessary to have those Cattle released 

and preventine: in future such detentions of the Cattle that 

arc purchased I'or the use of the Xavv. ll being not only 

expensive but must retard the Service if not totally prevent 

our beinir Sui)i»lied with Beef. 

We are with all respect 

Your honors most hum'''" Serv"'" 

Navy Board Eastern Department 

W'" N'eruon for the Hoard 
JJoston Octo"" 2!». ITTlJ 



Order on Same. 

In Council Oct^ 28'" 1779 

Read & Ordered — that a copy of this Representation be 
transmitted to the Selectmen & Committee of the Town of 
Falmouth in the County of Cumberland. 
Attest — Jn° Avery D Sec'y 

Order of Committee of General Court. 

'i'u ihc ShcrilF of the County of -Middlesex his under Sheriff 
or Deputy or to any Constable of the Town of Cambridge 
in said C<»unty Greeting 

You are hereby directed by the Committee appointed by 
the General Court to enquire into the causes of the failure 
of the late expedition to Penobscot kc. ''forthwith to sum- 
mon Thomas Foster of ( aiiibridiie in the c«tunty aforesaid 
Esq"" to appear before the aforesaid Committee in the East 
Lobl)v of the State House in lioslon on the eleventh dav of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 397 

November next at nine of the Clock in llie forenoon" to give 

evidence of what he knows respecting the Condnct of L* CoP 

Paul Revere during the aforesaid expedition of which he is 

not to fail: & make return hereof to the said Committee: 

dated at Boston the 10^*' day of October 1770 

Oliver Peabody Cler 

of said Committee 
Middlesex S^ 

This is to Sertifv that I liave notified and W(jrnd Thomas 

Forster Esq"" According to the within 

Cambridge October 20*'' 1770 

W" Collson Constabel 



Letter of Col. Allan. 

Mechias, Octo"" 20'" 1770 
Sir — 1 had the Honour of Writing you the 28*'' Utomo, by 
Capt° Da Badie who went in Company wath Col° Lowther of 
Penobscut, By the Lakes 1:50 Miles Back, with four Indians 
in Two Birch Canoes, .But verry Unfortunately The whole 
Fell into the hand of the Enemy about the 12'*' Instant on the 
River Penobscut, some Cannadians, Indians & French to 
the number of Twenty Six Under the Direction of Cap" 
Lunier, w'ho Lives on the Carrying place between Penobscut 
and S' Lawrence — 

They Arrived at the Indian Village about an hour before 
Col° Lowder, none but Two Indians of Penobscut being 
present the Rest Gone to Kenebeck & others come this way 
There Business was for Intel igence, & verry Unfortunately 
for me and this Department they found out the perticulars 
of every Matter This way — Lunier finding by Letters That 
the Indians were on their March from S*^ Johns to Joyn me, 



398 DOClMK.N'JAieY IIISIOKV 

(lispalfliM of a rmioc with a \\v\\ of Wainpuiii Inviting 
Tlu-ni to Canada with (Jreat Promises & on refusal Thrcat- 
ning Thoni — 

The advantages the Enemy ^lust reap by this will be 
Great if they Improve Thicr Time — I took This Opper- 
tunity Supposing very Safe to write to Congress, the General 
& Several Others wherein a full State of the Whole busi- 
ness was Communicated, a Copy of what I wrote with The 
several papers to The Hon'''" Board, I here Inclose no time 
must be Lost for aid to Enable me to Support these parts — 

This Capt" Lunier, the Hono"'® Board may remember. That 
I mentioned Several times since my Being here, he is an 
Active Vigilent fellow k Great Influence amoung the In- 
dians, I was very Anxtious to have him DisLodged, on my 
first Coming here which might have easyly been done Then, 
but he has Xow a Number of regular Troops & Canadians 
with him, 1 dread him Most at present & by his late success 
no doubt he will Endeavour to harras these Settlements — 

The difficulty & Troubles in this Department seems Grow- 
ing, the successes of the Enemy Strengthens the Sentiments 
& Encourages the Disaffected & selfish Combinations form- 
ing to Overthrow every Order & Regulation & Reports 
probagated to discourage the Commonality as to render them 
Useless ^[embers of the States, every Illicite Method per- 
sued, both in Trade k Politics, authority defved, k Declara- 
tions made, that the })rincip]e of tlic (General Court will sup- 
port them in Their Trade with Xova Scotia — This is 
prevalent thro all the settlements Eastward of Penobscut — 
The Sloop which the Indians took from Littlefield was taken 
from the place where the Indians Left her, in a Most Vil- 
lianoiis Maunci- ».V ( ouvoycd into Anoihcr part of the State, 
whereby a !Mock Process, to be J^ibillcd in IJchalf of the 
States Bv a Xaval Officer, without doubt to return into the 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 390 

hands of the former owners — This lias Oceationed a Great 
Resentment Amoniiu; the Ijidians, whicli with several others 
of the Like Kind, Keeps the Indians so Unsteady, That no 
Dependence Can be put Upon Them & Greats an Intolorable 
Expenee by Making presents to prevent Their Going to the 
Enemy — 

The Unsteady Conduct of the Indians, with some Un- 
happy Conduct of Some people Oblidged me to Use every 
Mean to prevent their Going to S' Johns Every Employment 
& Service requires Immediate pay, which has Consumed 
every Matter I had Come — I flatter'd myself Much in the 
Spring in having a Chaplain, but am Greatly decievd in my 
Expectations, have not met with such Difficulty Like this 
Summer 

Ammunition is become verry Short, Bread Kind is just 
out must request an Immediate Supply at all risques, as 
also dry goods — 

Lieu' DeLesdernier whome I sent to the Indians assembled 
on S' Johns River from the Confines of Canada to prepair 
them to Meet me, returnd a few days ago — with Intel igence 
of their Being on the Way to Passamaquody to joyn as 
Ambroise sent me word of their being Upwards of Three 
hundred, this day have Sent them some provisions & shall 
follow in Two or three days myself, — I expect Great De- 
mand to be Made, & our Shortness of Bread, Dry Goods, & 
Ammunition, the Latter Continualy in want of, I shall be 
put to hard shifts — More perlicularly as I know not the 
Intention of (Jovernment, I shall be at a Loss how to settle 
them for the Winter, they must not be permitted to Go away, 
as the Safety of the Country depends on their being near 
us — 

The Militia seems to Act now with a Little better spirit 
Tho I am oblidged to persue every easy & Condesending 



400 DOCUMENTAKY lUS'lOK'Y 

Mcasuiv to 01 it a in Any. 1 alli)\v tlicni provisions & have 
settli'd the meat part, with those Eastward of Frenchmans 
Bay That wore Goiug to renobscut, & obligated my self to 
settle the rest, I have also Cacnlatd the Eoiinty to so much 
a Mounth, to Keep up the Garrison in a posture of Defence 
The Post is finished & a Barrack allmost done for 40 Men — 
I have a Compound ('onij)lex (.V ^lixM Ail'air to Go thro to 
Sustain the post & Keep it Any way respectable in all Shall 
Endeavour to Keep as Close to the Resolve of Court, as posi- 
ble, & accomplish the Intention of Government, But am often 
Compell"' to Depart from regular Rules & fall Upon & persuc 
a Veriety of Measures to bring about Matters — 

Several Things I Mention in a Hurry in a postscrip in my 
last Letters which I now omit, perticularly respecting the 
Indians Assembling at S^ Johns — I have diliv" Col° Camp- 
bell some Advertizements which I ])uhlishd Thro the Coun- 
try, for the Ilonoblc Boards Satisfaction, which Contains 
the Inteligence — 

I trust & Rely That Attention may be Given to my Letters, 

That I may know what I am to Depend Upon & how to 

^lanage — With all llnndde Respect I have the Honour to 

Ijc with the utmost respect Sir 

Your most obd* very hblc serv* 

J. Allan 

Col" Camplicll who will Deliver this 
will Inform the Hon'''" Board of any 
pcrticular matter — 

In Council Dec^ 0"> 1779 

Read & sent down with several Paf)ers Accompanying the 

same 

John Avery D Sec'y 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 401 

Representation of Committees of Cumberland County. 

To the Honorable Council and House of Representatives of 
the Massachusetts Bay. 

We the Committee of Correspondance Inspection & Safety 
of the Several towns in the County of Cumberland hereafter 
named Do think it our Duty to lay before your Honors our 
Opinion Respecting what is said to have been transacted on 
Sep* 17'^ 1779 by the Conventions of Committees for the 
County of Cumberland Respecting Brigadier Sam' Thomp- 
son we are Sorry to find that the Union that we have for 
Some time Enjoy'' now Seems to 1)0 in Danger we arc of 
the mind that we are as well equipt and Disciplined in this 
County as any in the State Considering our Circumstances, 
we Cannot See how haveing the Militia Differently officer'd 
should render any more Service to the Publick as for the 
Brigadier's Situation it is on the County Road that leads 
from Boston to pownalborough as to its Accomplishments 
and Capacity we Dout not but your Honors are Som What 
aquainted In .lustice to Brigadier Thompson we must say 
we are fully persuaded that he is a true friend to his Country 
it is our Opinion that the officers and men in this County are 
as well United in their Brigadeiers as any County in this 
State and in Executing his Orders we think he has done it 
all times, as for the Complaint that Falmouth Committee 
& Select-men sent to the General C^ourt Representing that 
the Brig" Discoraged the Rascing the men for falmouth we 
Dont beleve to be true as for his Specking Disrespectfully 
of the Council we never heard no such thing from him We 
rest the affair with your Honors Doul^ting not but you will 
take such measures as will Confirm our Union 
Cumberland Oct^ 21^* 1779 

William Parsons Comity of election not at 

the Convention 17 of Sep* 1779 
26 



402 DOri'MKNTAKV IllSl'OK'Y 

James Ellt't -Ir Sjinucl |)uii!'>|) Siiiimrl Siaiiwood Stephen 
Piniifll riios (loiltrcN- ( 'oiiiiiiiltcc oil ( 'iin-('s]iuii(l;inco (Sjc for 
lirunswic'k not iiotiticd to the ( 'uiivi'iition ;it I'alniouth y" 
17 Sopt' 1770 

Thonins Mcrrviiinii l);i\iil I',l('\;iii<lcr Alcxiinder Ewing 
Joscjih l.iiisciit .Ininos Kc(l(lv ( oiiiiiiiticc of Correspondence 
<&:<• for Ilarpswcll imt notilicMl to the ( 'iiin'ciitidii at Faliiioutli 
of 17 Sep' 177!) 

Gray John Nash Kichaid II Xathan Morrill 

Cometty of Correspond- who was not at the Convention on 
the 17 of Sep* 1779 

Daniel Pattanuill William Kiiii:lit David r>arkcr com*^' 
of Windham who were not at the ('onventi<in on 17"' of 
Sept Last. 

Edw*" Phinncy Austin .\]<h'ii ('oiiimitlcc of (Jorham not 
at the Convention the 17"' of Sept 177it said to he held at 
I"'ahiioutli 

Cap Elizaheth Commity who was not at the convention at 
Falmonth on the 17 of Septend)er 1779 Henry Dyer 
Stephen Randell Jonathan Fiekett 

Micah Walker John Xevens Committee at I'akerstown 
who were not at Falmoiith on y*" 17 of September Last 



Order of f'nin)rlJ. 

State of Mass"' Bay 

In Council Orf Sn"" 17:9 Pioad A: Ordered — That the 
Board of War he and they herelty arc directed to deliver to 
Benj" York one humlrcd W. of Powder, three liundred W. 
of hcail or iJall and live hundred Flynts for the nse of the 
Inhabitants in Frenchman's Bay and on the island adjacent 
in the County of Linccdn k State aforesaid who so nobly 



OF Tin: STATE OI'' MAIXE 403 

resented the Eiicroacluiiciits of the Eneiiiv in that (Quarter 
to ])e delivered bv the said Benj'' York to tlie Committee ap- 
pointed ]>Y the said Inhabitants — they to l)e ace"'" for the 
Expenditure of the same 

Attest John Avery D Sec'y 



Address of General Assembly of New Jersey. 

Philadelphia Oef 25"' 1779 
Sir. The inclosed address from the Legislative Coimcil & 
General Assembly of the State of Xew Jersey, came to hand 
a few days since; which T do myself y*" honor to transmit; 
the representation made to Congress therein mentioned, re- 
specting the Utility (&c) of s** measure, is now under con- 
sideration of a Committee of twelve, being a member from 
each State. 

The late application from the hon''"' Board to Congress, 
respecting the Penol)scot aifair, is referred to a committee. 

Yesterday (.'ongress agreed to recommend to the several 
states to set apart the 2'' thursday in Dec"" next, for a day of 
public thanksgiving throughout the United States 

Congress have received no intelligence (to be depended 

upon) from the Sourhern Army, or the Count De Estaign, 

since my last, but are daily expecting news of importance 

from that quarter. 

I have the Honor to l)e with the greatest respect, Sirs, 

your most obedient servant 

S. Holton 
The Honorable 

The President of the Council of Mass* Bay. 

In the House of Kepresentatives Nov"" 11th 1779. 

Read & thereupon Orderd that ]\P Greenleaf, Capt Wales 

& Coll Freeman with such as the Hon''''^ Board shall join be 



4<>4 DOCl'M KNIAKV IIISIOKV 

a roniniitteo t(^ consider the saiiio touctlicr wiili tlic Address 

iiicKlM c^' report what is proper to lie done thereon — 

Sent np for (Vmeurrcnce 

dohn TTancock Spk"" 
In Council Nov^ 11'" 1779 

Ivead tlV: Conenrred and I»enjaniin 

Greenleaf & Moses Gill Ks<j" are ii)ine(l 

dohn Averv I) Sec'y. 



Order of Council. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Ciiamher Oct^ 26'" 1779 
Whereas it has been represented to this Hoard hy Brigadier 
General Wadsworth that Cap' Burke had his Order at Camp- 
den in the County of Lincoln to take a two J\rast Boat for 
the purpose of transporting himself & comp^ to Boston to be 
delivered to the Board of War upon their arrival supposing 
said Boat to ])e the property of this State, but it appearing 
to this Board that said Boat belongs to William Larmond & 
others — therefore Ordered that the Board of War be & they 
hereby are directed to deliver William Larmond the two 
Mast Boat which was delivered them l)y Cap' Burke by the 

Order of 

Brig' Gen' Wadsworth 

True Copy Attest John Avery D Sec'y 



Receipt of ^Vill'" Lrrmonrl. 

On receiving the witiiin Order of Council a doubt arose 
whether some Expences, arising since the Reception of the 
Boat should be charged to the Owner, the opinion of the 



OF THE STATE OF :maixe 405 

Council was taken thereon, which was that the Owners have 
her free of Charge, as Govermnent had been benefited by 
her in bringing home some of our Men from Penobscot — 
(Copy) Endorsed: Octo" 26, 1779, Agreeable to the 
within Order, I acknowledge to have received from the Ijoard 
of War the within mentioned Boat with all her appurten- 
ances as Received from Cap^ Burke — 

Will"" Lermond [So] 



Order of Council. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber Ocf 27, 1779 
Ordered that Major Lithgow be and he hereby is directed 
to engage any number of men not exceeding two hundred 
as Guards in the County of Lincoln untill the General Court 
can meet and take orders for the defence of Camden & other 
parts in the County aforesaid and the said Lithgow is here- 
by directed to take the Command of such men as he shall 
engage for the Purpose aforesaid and employ them in such 
manner as he shall Judge most Conducive to the Publick 
Service, The said men to be upon such Establishment as 
the General Court shall hereafter order 

Attest John Avery D Secy 



Petition of Dan^ Wright. 

Council Chamber Boston Oct' 27'*' 1779 
State of Mass'' Bay 

Sirs: — Your letter of the 15"" Tnst. has (his day been re- 
ceived by the Council to which they have been disposed to 



4(m; I)OCIMKNTai;y iiisi(»i;y 

li;iii«l ;iii iiniiic(li;!t(' attention as well Iroin a tender i'eii;ar(l 
for the iinliaj)jiy Inlialiitants in tlie Neighborhood of Penob- 
scot as from a Regard t(» the (Jeneral Welfaie of the Coiinlry 
— Inclosed is an Order of C'oinu-il authorizing you to en- 
gage such a Number of Men as you have judg'd necessary 
to serve as Guards under your Command — and as it will 
doubtless be much happier for the Iidiabitants and of greater 
iise to Buy of and from Captain Agreen Crabtree of a Place 
called Frenchmans bay in said County Meriners a Certain 
Prize Sloop Burden about thirty eight tons, which apears to 
Be the Property of M"" Abiel Wood of Pownalboro in Said 
County Said Sloop being condem'' at a Maratime Court held 
at said Pownaborough said Wood As calP from said Judg- 
ment To the then Next Superior Court in the Eastern Dis- 
trict and Continued for Certain Keasons untill the Superior 
Court at York in June Last, in the meantime your Peti- 
tioner Viz'^ on the first of December, one thousand seven 
Hundred and Seventy eight. Did Buy and Purchase from 
the other owners Viz'^ Dyer, Whitten & Paret the Whole of 
Said Sloop & that afterward Viz*^ on the Ninteenth of 
Said December Last Post 1778 Did agree and sell the Whole 
of Said Sloop unto Col° Nathan Jones of said Goulds- 
borough, on the Condition following, that is to say, Provided 
said Sloop was Condemn'd at said Court, the Property of 
Said Sloop was Confirm'' unto the said Nathan Tory, but 
if said Sloop was clear**, at said Court, then and in that case 
the Property to Devolve and Belong to your Petitioner — 
accordingly said 'sloop was A(|uited and Clear** at Said 
Superior Court held at York in June Last and Consequences 
become the Property of your said Petitioner, on which said 
Jones Told me said Vesel or Sloop was then at his Wharf at 
said Gouldsborough, and I might Take her when I pleased. 
I Told him I would be glad she ^[ight Lay at his wharf, as 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 407 

the Enemy was off the Coasts, I could not improve her at 
Present with any kind of Safety — Some time after this 
Capt James Jolinsoii of the Privet iron Brig Polly, Viz'^ 
Some time Between the third and the Seventh Day of August 
Last Past, Did Willi Force and Arms take and Gary Away 
said Sloop her Boat Sails and Apurtenances to the Value of 
twelve Hundred Pound Lawful money, the said John- 
son Well knowing said Sloop to be the Property of your 
said Petitioner — 

Wherefore your Petitioner Humhly prays your Honours 
will Please to take his Present Difficult (^ase under your 
Wise Consideration, and pay him the Value of Said Sloop 
or point out some method whereby your Petitioner may be 
Bedrest in such way your honor may think Jiest in Your 
Petitioner as in Duty Bound Shall Ever pray 

Daniel Wright 
Number 4 November 16"' 1779 

Beg Leave to Reffer to the Papers herewith Exhibited 

Capt ^McFarland 

C M Brown 

Dec 31 — 1779 M T Couant 



Petition of John Bakeman. 

To the Honourable the Council and Gentlemen of the House 
of Representatives of the State of ^rassachusetls Bav Tn 
General Assembly Conveen'' &c 
Gentlemen 

Your Petitioner once an Inhabitant at ]\[ajorbagaduce and 
in Good Circumstances There as also ever was a Friend To 
The American Cause But it hath Pleas'^ The disposer of all 
things To order it so that Your Petitioner hath suffer'' very 



408 DOCUMEXTAKY IIISTOUY 

^MiK'li iJy IJeiison of \\w Uritisli Troops at ^Majorhagaduco 
wlio have iiia«lc spoil of all I was Possess** of Moreover had 
not voiir l^etitioner Esca]V' With all Expedition wtnild have 
(by all Acvoiuit) Lost liis Life However l)v good Providence 
I am Still Prcscrv'' But am in very Low Circumstances Xay 
in A Sulfering Condition having a Wife and Seven Children 
to Provide for and Nothing To do it With, and your Peti- 
tioner not having Money To Bare His Expences Could not 
Wait upon your Honours to ^lake Known his Grievances 
therefore hath Taken This ^lethod and prays Your Honours 
To Consider him And !Make Some Provision For him so 
that he may he Alile To Maintain his Family and he a Help 
to the Communily that it may he so If your Honours In 
your Great Wisdom sees fit as there Land once Belonging To 
the Enemys of America But Xow To the State Said Lands 
in the Chops of Merrimeeting Bay As also in Brunswick 
it being Vacant Land Your Petitioner Humbly Prays If 
Your Honours sees fit To ^Like him some Consideration 
there Your Petitioner Still Further Begs your Patience So 
far For your Better Information Respecting To my Con- 
ditions while an Inhabitant at Majorbagaduce as also to my 
Conduct there That You Honours would call upon bis 
Honour General Lovel or Doctor Downing Who Kept the 
Hospital at !My House and Your Petitioner as in Duty 
Bound Shall Ever Pray &c 
Brunswick 27^*" Ocf 1779 Jno Bakeman 

In Council Nov'' 15, 1779 

Bead & sent down John Avery D Secy 

Instructions of Col. Allan. 

Dear Sir Machias October 27"" 1779 

I am oblidged to hurry you away, so that I cannot write 
to Every one I intended, and shall allso be xiiry Incorrect in 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 409 

my Instructions, But you must Endeavour to Pick them out 
as well as you Can — 

You will immediately on receipt of my Packet, take the 
most Immediate & Safe Methode for Camden, observing to 
have the Packet allways in a situation to distroy — 

The several letters will be open for your perusal, which 
when you perceive the Contents you will Seal up so as to 
be able to Communicate my sentiments if anything shoud 
happen the Letters — 

On my Arrival at Camden, you will proceed by Land or 
water as you think best & most safe & Expeditious for Bos- 
ton. — on the Way you will Endeavour to see any Com- 
manding Officer making known our perilous situation & 
Claiming a reinforcement if any way Compatable with this 
duty — 

You will Endeavour, By all means, to have a Claim Laid 
in for Littlefields Sloop, in favour of Ambroise St Aubin 
Shechem & others of the mansheete Tribe of Indians in the 
service of the United States who siezed said Sloop at Pas- 
samy when Carrying on an Illicit Trade with the Enemys 
of the United States, & had been doing so for sometime past, 
Carrying Lumber to the English West India Islands, &; re- 
turning with the produce to IS^ova Scotia, Converting the 
said returns into English Dry Goods making it a plea that 
he was Geting his Debts from Xova Scotia, so to the States 
for a Load of Lumber — 

On my Arrival in Boston you will deliver the Different 
Letters to the Severell persons with your own hands & Com- 
municate such matters as belongs, or Comes under their 
Inspection or Cognizence, after which I woud have you go 
to Providence and wait upon Generell Gates, no doubt he 
will Inquire perticular of matters, perticular of Mr 
Lemotte you own knowledge of the Country & other affairs 



410 DOCUMENTAUV llls'letlJV 

you will be able to juJgc best therenii and answer aecorJ- 

iiigiy — 

Mr. N'alnais will also be jK-rt icular about l.emotte, you 
will iiiciilioii the dirticulty 1 lia\(' |iul up witli. ;iii(l was Ac- 
terniined to Continue so it niaitci's bad not come to sucli 
a pitch, you will urge to have him sent of as he is possess'd 
of such a disposition, as makes him a most dangerous person 
to Continue in this department, or any part where lie is 
likely to reach the Enemy, and as to Ecclesiastical matters 
he will be of no use without a Reformation — 

In respect to the atfairs of this Department & the Country 
in Gen' you will see my Sentiments in the Scverell Letters, 
which I woud have you press home to them, know doubt 
you will lind much opposition »^' a strict sentiment into 
matters here — You are sufficiently Acquanted with the 
Xature of the affairs & how I am oblidged to manage to 
keep matters together. The Indians Demands are per- 
petual & Extensive — I am often Compelled to Borrow 
Vegetables, Meal & meat from the Inhabitants, and when 
anything is to Be done am necessiated in order to keep the 
department together, to Borrow, Lend & Dispose of matters 
from the store — allso to Supply the Troops at times with 
necessarys, or nothing Coud be done it is a Compound Com- 
plex'd affair, & I can give no other Satisfaction then acting 
upon principles of Honour — 

You will Endeavour to State | the' not With a View of 
Complaint | my Difficultys with the Priest and others of 
the French, that He has been the means of great Expence, 
you will find By !Mr Valnais Letters how he has acted — I 
woud have you take at your Leisure times, a ^lemorandum 
from the Several Letters I write n(jtcs of all matters to put 
vou in I^emembrance — 



OF THE STATE OF ^^FArXE 411 

You will perticularlv oljserve a])ont tlie Stur in the East- 
ern Country, Passama<iuody, Tradings with Xova Scotia — 
about JMilitia affairs and other of those matters — 

If you find it necessary, you may gete Copys of my letters, 
former tS: present to the Court to send to Congress, or other- 
ways as you think proper — 

In respect to this department, it will be necessary to know 
what is Intended, if it is of so much Consequence to be sup- 
ported or not — if it is as I have represented in my Letters 
or not — If it is thought to Be of Consequence, then to pre- 
vent the great Expencc By not Laying in suitable supplys, 
as allso to Enable a Commander to Defend the Country 
there must 1)0 a Body, not less then 100 men sent from the 
v/estward, with Every necessary, Supplys must be Laid in 
more Certain for the Indians — The Court may suppose 
many things Comes here. But there is seldom not more 
then two thirds & often not one half of what they Vote, & 
that of the most Inferior sort — If they Intend Xot to 
Support it, I must beg Liberty to resign my ]\[ilitary Com- 
mission for I cannot do Justice to my County & am daily 
Raising the Expence By being oblidged to Employ others 
to Carry on Business — 

Should it be tliought adviceable I woud have you or ^Lr. 
Avery proceed to Congress — l)ut in any matter I woud have 
nothing done, only what Actualy Concerns the publick, for 
my own part I woud much retlier Decline Saving — Jjut if 
it is to be supported there is no time to Be Lost in sending 
down a Supply of flour & Indian Corn, Molasses, Bum, 
Blankets Powder Ball Shott Tobacco — Rethcr then de- 
lay Mr Avery must purchase with any money he has of mine 
& Convey'd if no otherway. By diff' opp" — I must again 
repeat there must be no time Lost in Sending the fore- 



412 DOC r M K N T A K V 111 STO U Y 

mentiond Snpplvs k if possible some men, for I am iiiiJer 
the (ireatest Apprehension luerv moment 

The Body of Indians now at PassanuKpiody is very hirge, 
uncertain tlie Number till I go there which I trust will be 
by Sunday I have Invited them there, will Expect to Be 
supply'd, as I Generely keep them in actual service, they 
are Anxious for fighting »!!l had 1 Imt Forty men I Certainly 
woud attempt Fort Howe 

The taking of my Packet will give the Enemy such notice 
of our situation, as to require the most \'igilent & active 
attention to this department — you will State the matters of 
the Big Necessity I was under to take the Cargo — But not 
all the Butter — 

You will in my Name fully oppose the Tolerations & 
Priviledges given to people going to Passamaquody & Nova 
Scotia as allso the Conduct of small privateers, & those 
advanteuses of Nova Scotia, who are perpetualy prompting 
the Enemy to attempt this way and Greatly Endangering 
the unhappy people in Nova Scotia — 

You will allso appear in my behalf to oppose any thing 
alledged against me respecting the Toleration said to Be 
Given the Indians to distress, as allso in my behalf State 
the Impropriety of the Conduct of many in the Eastern 
Country, the danger we are all in By its present State, & 
the Influence the Disaffacted seems to have over the Com- 
monality — 

You will please Act in Conjunction with ^fr. Avery if 
you Come across him, if not yourself asking advice from 
those you Can Confide in — As I shall not write Mr Avery 
this will Do for Both make my best wishes & affection to 
him. I wrote l>y how Mi- Ascry will deposit in Mr Shaws 
hands all my money JjUt £2000 wliidi Ik' will lirinir with 
him — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE -il'^ 

You will pcrticularly wait on Captain Whales of Dor- 
chester one of the House, my Comp^° to him, wrote him But 
fell into the hands of the Enemy, Communicate suitable 
matters to him, you'l find him a man of Integrity & Honor 

You will allso ill my helialt", wait on Mr Sam' Adams, Mr 
Cross & others of my friends making my Comp**^ acquaint- 
ing them with my Troubled situation — 

You will in my behalf address the Gen' Court 
in a Humble manner, iVcknowledging their Great kindness to 
me & the Trouble I am in that they shoud be so harrass'd in 
my affairs respecting my Character Last Spring — that to 
Give them Satisfaction I am Geting the Commissarys Acct^ 
Settled, & beg if they are Jealous of my Integrity they woud 
order me to Tryall — as I am allways willing to do my ut- 
most so I woud willingly act under any whom the Gencrell 
Court woud Chusc to Superintend, till they were thoroughly 
Acquanted before my full Desmission. 

I want to Lay up nothing, all I want is a Bare Subsistence 
to Enable me to go thro the business, the rest my Country is 
Welcome to — 

Mr. Avery can be a sufficient Judge of the necessarys for 
Indians he has a Catalogue my time will not i)ermit it at 
present — 

By the Inclosed Copy from S*^ Johns, you may see the Pre- 
carious Situation of this Country, By the Threats of that 
Schoundral Rogers; He is to Be feared (t Dreaded, I have 
not probagated the news here — 

I woud have you take a good Trusty person with you, 
who is to Be sent immediately Back, from any Place you 
think sutablc Even to go to Boston if that Best — with all 
Intellegence & News you Can gete 

As I have not time to write Copys of Letters, papers Szc, 
you will have under Cover a number of papers, Expecting 



414 DOC'IMKNTAKV IIIMOl.'V 

cliilorcnt inattcrs which you will Shew lo ihc nitrciviil per- 
sons CdiK-ernM, or siu-h :is von think proper — .Mr. Avery 
having rctnrned. the wlmle will I.ye ni)(>n von to Transact — 

I nmst rcconnnend stronglv licit von Endeavor to Gcte to 
Clen' Gates before yon show any of yonr Letters, or go into 
Boston ; as I flatter myself he will pay the most attention, V>\\t 
I wond have yon. he {lerticnlar hefore yon shew him any 
other then his own Letters, wdiat his Temper is & how his 
time is Be Spared for the pnrpose — you may acquaint him 
my Inclination to resign if not better supported, the dis- 
lionor am Liable to in my Sitnation. The difficulty's I pass 
thro', my House being a rcndcvons \' the Difficulty therein 
— you may J^ett him know if time will admit of all the diffi- 
culty in the Country — upon the whole I must have 200 
Bushels Corn — 40 Barrls flower — 1000 w Powder — 3000 
w of Shott k liall — and all the mollases & rnm due from 
the Board of War. 

You must send the Copys of my Letters to the Gen' Court 
to Congress — Inclosing a Line that it was my Directions 
for so doing If you Go not yourself — 



Capt Uhncr lo Gcnl Cushing. 

Penobscott Oct' 2S, ITT'.l 
Sir/ by order of ]\Iaj'' Lithgow I proseeded to penobscott 
river to have the pleasure to inform you the inhabitants there 
appear to be very friendly to the american Cause but are in 
a most Deplorible Condition they are ordered by Gen' Mc- 
lain to repair immediately to magerbagaduce to work on the 
fort errecting there in Case of failnre. Gen' .M<lain is De- 
termined to burn & Destroy their Intrests & Deem the in- 
habitants Rebels it is imjiossible for so many families to git 



OF TilK «TATE OF MAIXE 415 

off through the woods k there is no Carrage by water — & 
they have Determind to tarry on their places if they can 
have a gaurd Sufficient to protect them — I am fully Con- 
vinc'd it is my Incumbent Duty to Recommend to you Sir 
— in the most Strongest terms in their behalf that you will 
take into your Consideration their Distress & Send them 
Emmediate Relief — cither J>oats to remove them off or men 
Sufficient to gaurd them here which Cannot be less than two 
or three Hundred — 

as to provisions may be had here Sufficient to Supply 
them — 

I am S"" your most obed' Hum'''^ Serv* 

Philip Ulmer Capt 
Brig"" Gushing 



Order of Council. 

State of Mass"^ Bay 

Council Chamber Oct^ 30^" 1779 

Whereas it has been represented to this Board that there 
is the greatest probability that a large Quantity of Cannon, 
Anchors, Old Iron &c the Property of this State lost in the 
Penobscot Expedition in Penobscot River might be saved 
provided suitable Measures are taken — 

Therefore Ordered — that the Board of War be and they 
hereby are directed to take suitable Measures for the Pur- 
pose aforesaid in Order to the securing all such stores as 
were lost in the River Penobscot And in such way and man- 
ner as shall be for the best Interest of this State. 
Attest Jn° Avery D Sec'y 



4ir> DOCl'MENTAKY IIISTOIJY 

Order of Council. 

War Office, Boston, Nov 2" 1770 
Sir (iovenimint having been inforniM from good Author- 
ity that there is a prospect of making large savings of the 
Cannon i: other Stores belonging to the fleet lately destroy'd 
at Penobscot, this Board are authoriz'd to take such measures 
as they may think proper for the accomplishment of that 
business, & have therefore agreed with the Owners of the 
Sloop Welcome, Jn" Long ^Master, for said Sloop to be Em- 
ployed for this. purpose and as the saving the Cannon & other 
stores, is an Object of great Importance to Government. We 
recommend the Capt. to you for your Assistance agreable to 
the inclos'd Resolve of Council, not doubting but your at- 
tachment to the Cause of your Country will induce you to 
make every Effort in your power that this business may be 

happily effected. 

We are &c 

S P Savage pres* 

p"" order 



Wcir Office to Genl Gates. 

War Office, Nov^ 3"^ 1770 
Sir/ 

The Officers of the Continental Army belonging to this 
State are in extreem want of Cloathing & the General As- 
sembly in their last Session were so fully impressed with a 
Sense of their necessity that they directed this Board to 
make every exertion in our Power to render their situation 
d: appearance more decent & comfortable, hut the great scar- 
city of Cloathing has rendered our endeavours ineffectual & 
we can see no possibility by purchases here of making the 
supply that is absolutely necessary to render the situation 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 417 

of the Officers in any degree tolerable we have been informed 
that the Enemy have left a considerable quantity of Cloath- 
ing at Newport suitable for officers as we have no doubt of 
your good disposition toward the Gentlemen of the Army we 
take the liberty to request you Sir to furnish us with such a 
quantity of Goods or afford us an opportunity of making such 
purchases as will enable us to execute our Commission in 
this respect — the loss of our Vessels at Penobscot has oc- 
casioned a very great demand for Cannon for Public use 
which it is not in our power to replace for want of Sea Coal 
to keep the Air furnaces in blast — we are also in great want 
of Cannon for a ISTew Ship of L' Greens belonging to this 
State these objects it will not be in our Power without the 
utmost difficulty to compleat for want of Sea Coal we would 
therefore request your Honor if consistant with the Public 
interest to furnish us with 15 or 20 Chaldron for those Pur- 
poses — Success seems to be attendant upon the Conqueror of 
Burgoyne & we most sincerely congratulate you on your pres- 
ent agreeable situation at Newport, hope soon to have an 
Account of our Friends & Allies being as happily accomodated 
at Savanah and we wish to add Xcv/ York — give us leave to 
ttsk an Answer as early as is consistant Avith your Honors 
other important actions — 

We have the Honor to be very respectfully Sir, Your very 
hum^'« Serv^ S. P. S. prest 

The Honble 
Gen' Gates Copy Jos Chapman J S^ 

Order of Council. 

State of Massachusetts Bay. 

Council Chamber NoV 3, 1779 
Whereas this Board hath directed the Board of War to 
take sutablc measures for the taking up and securing such 

27 



•tlS DOCllMKNTAKV IIISTOIIY 

OrtliiaiuT. Onlnance Siorcs, ri^>;iii^' aii'l uthcr Stores as bc- 
l()iip;e(l to the Fleet which was distroved in the liiver Ponol)- 
scot, therefore. 

Ordered that ^lajor Litli^ow or tlie Commanding Officer 
nt Oandulen in the County of I^incohi be and he hereby is 
directed to aiford to the person or persons that shall be 
aj>i)oiiitc<l by the Ijoard of War all the Aid in liis power by 
atVordiui: him or them with a (iiiard nr (juards from time to 
time from the ^ien under his Connnand, during the Time 
they are searching after and securing the Ordnance, 
Ordnance Stores & other Stores and rigging belonging to the 
Fleet lately distroycd in the Ki\er Penobscot. 
True Copy 

Attest 

John Avery D Sec'' 
War Office 3 Nov' 1779. 
a True Copy 

Sam Phps Savage 



Agreement Board of War with Tiuwtlnj Filch. 

War Office, Boston, Nov"- 3" 1779 
It is agreed between the Board of War for the state of 
^lassachusetts Bay on the One part & Timothy Fitch of ^led- 
ford in the County of ^Middlesex, ]\rerchant, on the Other 
part. That the said l>oard of War shall allow to the said 
Fitch One half part of all the Stores k other articles of every 
kind that may be by him the said Timothy, or any Person 
or l^crsons under him, sav'd from the Wreck of the Vessels 
lately lost in the unfortunate Expedition to Penobscot, the 
said Timothy hereby engaging to deliver the Whole of the 
Stores & other articles aforesaid, to the I>oard of War, or 



OF THE STATE OF ^fAIXE 419 

their Order, in the Port of Boston, free & Clear of any 
Charge of Salvage, or other Expence whatever. — 

And it is further agreed that all such Stores & Other 
Articles Shall be divided by the Consent of the partys or by 
three indifferent Persons of good Repute, mutually Chosen 
for that Purpose. — To the Performance whereof We mutual- 
ly engage Ourselves Each to the Other firmly -by these 
Presents — Witness Our hands the Day & Year afore- 
mentioned. — 

Sam Phps Savage 

Sign'd Seal'd & Deliver'd for Board of War 

in Presence of us 

W" Kennedy 

Robert Breck 



Resolve Committee of Safety. 

In Committee of Saftv &c &c 

Machias Xov^ 6^"^ 1779 

Resolved that it is the opinion of this Committee, that in 
Case the enemy hold their Post at Penobscot, and should 
attack this and the neighbouring settlements to the Eastward 
of Penobscot, with a Considerable force, we should not be 
able to defend the Country against them. Unless we can 
have succor from the westward 

Resolved that it is the opinion of this Committee, that 
three or four hundred troops, in addition to the inhabitants, 
and Indians ; with sufficient supplies for their subsistance, 
would be sufficient to defend these Settlements against any 
force in the power of the enemy to Lend this Winter 

Resolved that it is the opinion of this committee that 
Machias is the most Eligeble place for depositing Supplies 
for the Indians and that there ought to be a Cap'^ Com- 



420 i)OCi'.Mi:N'rAi;Y history 

iiiiirnl f(» i^iiurd tliciii. nml lliiil llic rciiiiiiinlci' oi' \\\v aforc 
iiii'iitioiicd miiiil'Ci' of iiicii. oiiirlit^ — I'lKlcr llic ( '(HiiiiiaiKl of 
a proper otiiccr, to lie statioiiol wIicit it sliall l>c thought most 
advantageous for the security of the whole. 

Tvesolved, That it is the opinion of this Committee that 
the pul)li('k Service wou'd he better proniotctl were Col" Allan 
not to he Iturd'iiecl with any inillilary ( 'oiiiiiiand. l)Ut left at 
lilici'ty to give his whole time aii<l attention to tlie Care of 
Indians — Which business, we think him as well (inalifie(l 
for, as any jierson within the Compass of our knowledge 

Resolved that this Conmiittce, and they believe every In- 
ili\idnal of them Constituents. Considers it as the greatest 
temporal evil that can ])ossilily befall them, lo be reduced 
to the hard necessity ot' Submit ting and takeing an oath of 
Alcgiance to the T5jitisli t\i:int Wliich rather than Submit 
to, nuiny of us, are determined to (piit our lial)itations, which 
we Consider as nothing in ('omparison to lea\('ing to the 
mercy of the eiu'my our wi\('s and cliiMicii those dear objects 
of our ]>cst affections 

licsolved That our fears are much abated and our expecta- 
tions raised by the laic advices wi; ha\e receiv'd of Count 
DKstangs arival *.V successes on the coasts of ('arolina & 
Georgia, and of his being houi'ly expeited at York SlK)uld 
he arive there and meet with the wished for success we are 
Confident that we shall nothing to fear from the enemies 
in this quarter — 

Resolved that Col' Alexander Campbell be desired to repre- 
sent our present uuhajipy situation, to the great and General 
Court of this State, and to pray for them advice and assist- 
ance under our present distresses And ordered that the 
Chainnan write Col' Camhell on the matter and send him a 
Coitpy of these Resolves 

Stephen Jones \ Chairm" 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 421 

Order of Genl. Court. 

ISTarraguagry Xov G'*" 1779 
Sir/ As you are now Bound to the General Court we 
would have you in our hehalf represent our Difficult Situa- 
tion as near as you can, Enforce Necessity of Keeping a 
Garrison at Machias on acct of the Indians and for the 
Security of this Country, At the same time that it is im- 
possable for the militia in this Country to Keep that garison, 
urge the Necessity of Bringing men from the Westward for 
that Purpose At least 2 or 300 one half to Be Station*^ at 
Machias and the other half in Eanging Companys West- 
ward and Eastward as Occation may Require as to Col° 
Allan the Present Commanding Officer at ]\lachias, as he 
strives to do every thing in Power for the good of the Country 
Together with the influence he has over the Indians, we 
think his Removal from Said Command will be very Little to 
the Advantage of the Country (if in Contemplation) but 
Possably much to its Danger as he appears well Qualified 
for the Department 

Wishing you a good Passage and safe Return we are your 

friends 

John [Sualle] Chainnan 
By order of the Committee 

Joseph Walles Cap^ M^ 

In the House of Representatives Dec"" 18"' 1779 

Read & committed to the Committee on the I^ettors of Coll 

Allan 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John iraiK'ock Spk"" 

In Council Dec"- 18, 1779 
Read & Concurred 

Jn° Avery D Secy 



422 DOCU.MK.NTAKY IIISIOK'Y 

Request of Cuunril. 

Gciitlcnien 

I am again constrained in l>ehalf of tlic Continent, i: the 
General piiMii' .service wliich is essentially suffering, to re- 
iterate my Request, that your honorable Board, would so far 
interfere as to rcccommend to the Selectmen & Committee of 
the Town of Falmouth to release the 49 Head of Cattle which 
the Navy Board purchased soly for the Use of the Continental 
Ships now in this Harbour. The Person, by the Embargo 
Act appointed to grant certificates in the County of Cumber- 
land necessary for the Cattle to pass, being a Selectman k 
Committee Man both, refuses to grant such. Certificate; 
Xay they go much farther k appear determined to take such 
steps as they think wall get the Cattle condemned as forfeited. 
The public Money, to the Amount of 30,000 — Dollars has 
been truly paid for this Supply of Provisions, & the frigates 
now lying in Xantasket Koad lV in the Harbour are supplyed 
with Beef Borrowed ds: to lie paid out of the afores^ 49 Cattle. 

Your Honors ready Attention to the Continental Service, 

renders any thing farther on the Subject unnecessary, except 

to request your Honors Consider of the Subject as soon as 

possible, the !Man employed by the Board being in waiting to 

proceed to Falmouth for the third time on this vexatious 

Business 

I am, in behalf of the Xavy Board, 

with respect, 

Gentlemen 

Your most ob' hble serv' 

Wm. Vernon 
Boston 8'" Xov^ 1779 

In Council Nov"- 10'" 1779 

Bead & Sent down 

John Avery D Sec'y 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 423 

Accounts of y" ConiTnittee for CoxJiall & Sanford. 

State of ^Massachusetts Bay to Edw** Cutts Dr. 

Account of my Expences as one of the General Courts 
committee that was ordered to Sanford and Coxhall to view 
the same &c 

to Expences for my self and Hors four day & half £12 - - 
to four days & half time for myself k hors a L 5 22-10-0 



Kittery Xov^ 9'" 1779 Errors Excep'^ Edw*' Cutts £35 - 10 - 
account of my Expence of one of the General Court Com- 
mittee that was ordered to Sanford and Coxhall to Vew the 
same & — 

to Expence for my Selfe and Horse two days — £ 5,0.0 
to two Days for my Selfe & horse a £ 5 10.0.0 



Wells Xov"" 1779 Errors Excep'' Joshua Bragdon £15.0.0 
Account of my time and Expences of one of the General 
Courts Committee that was ordered to Sanford and Coxhall 
to View the same 

To three Days for my Self and horse at £ p"" Day £15 - 0-0 
To Expences for my Self and horse three Days 9-12-0 



Berwick Xov-" 9'*^ 1779 

Errors Except Joseph Krime £24-12-0 



£74.. 2..0 



Referees to General Court. 

Pownalborough Novemh"" 9 1779 
Lincoln 

This Certifise that Where as we the subscribers being ap- 
pointed Refferees by the Justices of the Inferior Court of 



424 DOCU-MENTAUY IlISTOKY 

Coniiiii'ii pleas held at i\)\vnall)oro in said County on the 
Last Tuesday of September Last in an action of Trespass 
hrousjlit at said Court by Sam' White of a New Plantation 
Called k Known by the name of Washington in said County 
against David Gillman & others of the said Plantation in 
which Cafe we were to Determine the Tittle of the Land 
Trespassed upon as well as the Trespass and made our Re- 
port which was to be final! and was in favor of said Gillman 
with which Determination we are now Dissatisfied and Could 
wish the Interposition of the Generall Court that the same 
cause might have a new hearing 

Xath' Thwing 

Ezra Taylor 
Thos Rice 



Petition of Elcazcr Crahtree. 

State of the 
Mass'^ Bay 

To the Hon'ble the Council & the Honourable the 

House of Representatives in General Court Assembled 

The petition of Eleazer Crabtree late of Fox Island 

Humbly shews 

That on the expedition again Penobscot when the En[ 

took possession, your Petitioner being in the Service of 

this State, was obliged to remove his Family from the 

Island, that the Enemy are in possession of all his Estate, 

that he is now drove from his habitation and has no place 

to put his Family into this Winter, that one Xathan Jones 

of Goldsborough, who is indebted to your Petitioner by 

three several Notes of Hand to the amount of about Five 

hundred pounds lawful Money, which Notes bear Date Nov"" 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 425 

1777. & are on Iiit^', is now with the Enemy at Majorbagga- 
douce Fort; that said Jones has left a Farm at Westown 
now in possession of Ichabod Jones, that all the Interest that 
your petitioner has to help himself and Family with is the 
aforementioned Notes upon which no Interest has never 
paid, and the Interest of said Xotes he supposes to be near- 
ly equal to the Rent of that Farm, he therefore intreats that 
your Honours would be pleased to grant him liberty to take 
possession of said Jones Farm at Westown & to retain the 
same until the further Orders of this Court, which if 
obtained will shelter his Family from the inclement Season 
&. he as in duty bound will pray — 

Eleazer Crabtree 



Resignalion of Lemuel Hatch. 

Wells Nov^ 10^"^ 1779 
To the Hon Counsell now sitting at Boston I take this 
opportunity to acquaint your Honors that I am in a very poor 
state of health and Invanced in years obliges me to Resine 
my Commission as a Captain in Col Grows' Regiment I 
have allways done every thing that Lay in my Power to 
Serve my Country and I shall always be Ready and willing 
to Serve them Still so far as Lays in my Power so I now 
ask leave to Resine my Commission so I Remain your 
Humble Servant 

Lemuel Hatch 
I Have No objection to the above Resignation 

Edw'' Grows Coll. 
In Council Novemb. 27"^ 1779 

Read and the Resignation of Cap^ Lemuel Hatch be and 
hereby is Accepted and thereupon Ordered That Col" Edward 



42G DOCUArKNiAin- his'iorv 

(Irous of the tirst Reg' ol' Mililia in tlic ('oiiiitv of ^'oi-k Ik; 
V.V licrcliv is (lirc'<'t('(l to cause the l']l('\ciitli ( '<jmptin v in s*" 
Keg' togt'tliiT with the Ahiriii List within tlit; Limit of the 
same, to meet togt'tlier cV make Clioit-e of a Captain in tlie 
room of Lemuel Hatch, who has leave, from this Board to 
Resign his Commission, and to till n|i sncli \'acancie as shall 
arise from s** Resignation, and he is further required to see 
that the Choice is made accord inir to the directions of the 
^Militia Law «S: duly Certilied to the Secretary of this State — 
Attest John Avery D Secy. 



Committee of Safrfy to Board of War. 

Falmouth 10"' Xov. 1779 
The Committee of Correspondence &c for Falmouth, in 
Ohedience to an Order from the Ilon'''^ l^oard of the 3** 
Septem last, have endeavourd to provide for the Detachment 
then Order"^ to he made, in the most frugal manner possible. 
For this purpose we appointed Cap' .Joseph McLellan to 
act as Commissary, & directed him to issue bread to the 
Battallion of some then in his hands belonging to the State, 
This he did so long as it lasted. We then furnished y* 
Men with soft Bread as well as we could. — We endeavourd 
to content y® Men witli as small Rations as possible. — We 
allow'd them only Beef, Bread, Potatoes & a small quantity 
of Soup. — We were reduced to the necessity of selling some 
State Rum, in the Hands of Cap' McLellan, in Order to 
raise Money to purchase Beef ^'c. This we thought good 
Aconemy, <^ therefore directed the Rum to be sold. — 

Our Acco' we now send forward by Cap' ^IcLellan. — We 
think y" amount will not exceed your Honors expectation. 
We have chargM no Commissions, leaving it with your 



OF TIIK STATE OF MAINE 427 

Honors to make siu-li allowance for our Service as you sliall 
think proper. 

The Men were discharg'd on the 22 "^ Octoljer last. 
We are, with much respect, 
Your Honors most Obed' k most lium' Serv^* 
The Committee of Safety &c for Falmouth 
By Order of the Comm. 

Stephen Hall, Chairman 

Memoridl of Navy Board to Council &c. 

To the Hon'''^ the Council & Hon'''® House of Representatives 
of the State of Massachusetts Bay in General Court Assem- 
bled at Boston Nov"" 10, 1779 

The ^Memorial of the Xavy Board for the Eastern De- 
partment — Humbly Sheweth 

That for the Supply of the Continental Xavy in this De- 
partment under their Direction they have Employed Mr 
Jonathan Winship to procure for them Beef, Pork, & Mut- 
ton, that the said Winship has usually procured the Beef 
for them in the State of New Hampshire, & iu the Easterly 
part of this State, & that he has latly by Mr Greely, pur- 
chased for that purpose, near one hundred head of Cattle 
in the Easterly part of this State, & that Forty nine head of 
said Cattle which said Greely was designing to bring here 
for the use of the Xavy, have been Stopped & detained by 
the Committee of the Town of Falmouth, That a pass for 
them has been refused & that they are still detained from 
the public Service not only as your Memorialists conceive 
against the Spirit «Si design but against the Letter of the 
Acts of this State — 

They therefore pray your Honors to take this matter into 
your consideration, & afford such relief in the present case. 



428 i)ocr.MK.\TAi;v histoky 

«S: niiikc sui'li )ir(i\isi(iii lor ;iiiv of a Similar Xature that may 
occur in liituic. as vour lioiiors mav in vuiir .ludgment think 
projicr A: ('nndnfixc to the piihlic Interest 

Ami as in duty hound 6:c — 

Wni Vernon 
I Warren 



Mrmorial of A'acjy JUxud, Eastern Dcpl. 

To the Hon**'" The Council & Hon'"'*' House of Representatives 
of the State of Massachusetts I^ay in General Court assem- 
bled at Boston Nov. 10, 1779 

The Memorial of the Xavy Board Eastern Department 
Sheweth 

That the Selectmen of the Town of Barnstable in the time 
of the late alarm in the sound took nine barrells of Flour 
out of a Cargoe sent them from Philadelphia for the use of 
tlie Xavy here, & delivered the same to Mr ]\[eiggs a Com- 
missary of this State for the use of the Troops Assembled 
at Falmouth — 

They therefore pray your honors to give such directions 
for the return of said Flour as you may think proper — 

\Vc are ^'our Honors most obecP hum"'^ Serv'* 

J Warren 
Wm Vernon 



Col. Allan to the Council. 

On the lUver Waggagaudawoia, or S' Croix 
Sir, Nov' 10'" 1779 

T have just time to Acquaint the Honble Council that in 
( 'onsequence of my ^lessage to the Several Tribes of Indians 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 429 

a Number mett mc ou this River for Conf errence ^ I find 
still a General Attachment to the American Cause, But fluctu- 
ating in their Intention where to rest, as the Britains are 
using Every method to Gain them, hy presents & other 
Encouragements, which gives me some Suspicion. — 

The Intelligence by them Corroberates, with what I be- 
fore received of the Enemys Intention of Coming from 
Canada this winter on Snow Shoes for the purpose of Dis- 
troying the Eastern Settlements, 

Having invited the Indians to Come, who left their Corn 
& Effects on S' Johns, the AVinter being so near, that they 
Coud not go else wharc for Subsistance whicli they strongly 
remonstrated about, the fear of their falling in, in General 
with the English if I did not keep them under my own Eye, 
& the Danger of those parts the Ensuing Winter without 
their Assistance, F think it most Expedient that most of them 
Winter at Machias, — Accordingly 46 Wigwams Containing 
about 90 ]\ren, in the whole 280, are now preparing to sett 
off. I have promised to procure them i^ecessarys & Pro- 
visions, & have Communicated perticular the present situa- 
tion — relying some Assistance more will soon be for tlicm 
— I have ordered a Quantity of DilFerent kinds of Vigitable 
to be purchased for Butter — 

I Trust this step will be approved of, if not the Indians 
must be supported — the very Conduct Towards them this 
Winter will be of the Utmost Consequence in the Indian 
Affairs the Ensuing Summer, as tlunr is some from all parts 
here — 

The Consumption of i\Ieat ^: Butter is Great for want of 
Indian Corn & other Bread kind must Occation its soon 
being out — Cloatliing is Wanting, — I must therefore re- 
quest, that a Quantity of Bread kind. Corn flower &c Powder, 
Shott, — a Quantitv of Bdankets Shirts «&: Cloth for Indian 



430 noCr.MKNTAKY IIISTOKY 

Stocl<inij;s for the whole he sent witli ihe I'lmost Expiditioii 
— as I must again repeat the whole Indian Connection De- 
pends upon it, — 

I had the Honor of writing a short Time ago by Col. 
rami)hell which I hope has lien rec'd, I have further to 
Acquaint their Honors that hut three familys of the S' 
Johns, is now on that River, which I expect Daily — Piere 
Tomnia is here, tV: we have r>in'ic(l the Hatchet k promise<l 
mutual affection, — Those who does not go to Machias w'ill 
Continue on the Lakes at the Head of this River, — 

I sliall Transmit a perticular List of Every Indian and 
their familys, as soon as I Can get Time, I am present 
surrounded hy them which is the Common Custom — it pre- 
vents me Doing it at this Juncture 

I have the Honor to Be with all possible respect & Esteem 
Your Honours most obed' and Devoted Hble. Ser^ 

J Allan 
P. S. 

I met here 2 Deserters from Fort Cumberland in a small 
Packet Boat, belonging to Col° Goreham — one an American 
the other a Foreigner, the Boat being of much use here I 
purchased her ; — 

We allso fell in with a Large Schooner, Having on Board 
a Considerable Value, some of which appeared to have a 
Toleration to be brought into the States, But the Principle 
part otherwise, & by every Circumstance appear'd to be fol- 
lowing an Illicit Trade, as much for the Benefit of Britain 
as America — I tho't it Expidient, to reccommend to the 
Cap' of the Xeashquowoite, to take charge of her &: send her 
to Machias till further Inquiry — Every perticular shall be 
Communicated as soon as Time will permit — 

The In<lians before mentioned does not include those now 
at ^lachias, there is 3G Wigwams now on the Lakes at the 



OF THE STATE OF .NfAIXE 431 

Back of that Settlement within the sound of an alarm — no 
Micmarcks has arrived 



Notice of Gent Court to Col Revere. 
To 1/ Col" Paul Revere 



You are herehy notified that the Committee appointed h_v 

the General Court to investigate the Causes of the failure 

of the late Expedition to Penobscot (tea will meet at the East 

Lobby in the State House on the eleventh day of Xovember 

next at ten O'Clock A. M. at which time and place you are 

requested to attend — 

O Peabody Cler 

Boston Xov"" lO^"^ 1779 
By Virtue of this Precept I have Notified the Within 
Named Paul Revere at Attend at time & place Within ^^fcn- 

tioned for the purposes therein Expressed 

Jn° Bennett Constable 



Questions Asked at Investigation. 

Questions asked Cap' Alexander Holmes by Col" Revere, 
on Oath — 
Question. Did you see me with my ^Mcn on the 2S"' & 20"' 

of July busily employ'd in getting up tlic (\niiion^ 
Ans"" I saw you — with your JNfen, as I suppos'd — 
Ques' Did see mc active as active to promote the service, as 

any other officer during the expedition 
Ans"" Yes. 

Sworn to in Court Xov"" 11"' 1779 

Att O. Peabody Cler 



432 



DOCUMENTAKY IlISTdKY 

Order uf Council. 



In tlie TToiusc of Representatives, Nov"" 11, 1770 

OrderM That the llon'^"^^ Coll Prescott & ^\;\y Osgood be 
of the Committee apjiointed to en(|uii'(' into the fiiiiiirc nt the 
Penobscot Expedition, in tlie room of Col l.ittle & Coll 
Cfcrrish, absent 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk"" 
Tn Council Nov^ 11^" 1779 
Head (S: Concurred 

John A very D Se^ 



C^onsented to: 
Jer: Powell 
W Sever 
A Ward 
S. Adams 
I!. White 



Order of Council. 

Tn Council Nov ll"" 1779 
()r<lercd that Nathan Cushing Joseph 
Simpson and Aaron Wood Esq" be of the 
Committee to iiKjuirc into the Failure 
of the Penobscot Expedition in the 
Room of Will"" Sever, Francis Dana 
and Timothy Danielson Esq""^ are joined 
John Avery D Secy 



T Danielson 
N Cushing 
Sam Niles 
Jn" Pitts 
Aaron Wood 



Thos Durfee 
Tim Edwards 
Josiah Stone 
J Simpson 

N Goodman 



Tcsiimonii of Thouuis ^y<^lt Foster. 

I 'i'homas Wait Foster testify and say tliat I was Gunner 
on Board the Ship Warren in the Expedition to Penobscot — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 433 

that when we arrived at Penobscot Cap* Saltonstall applied 
to me for Wads, for Col" Revere who he said was destitute, 
I told him it was Col° Revere's business to supply himself 
& that I should not furnish him — after Col" Revere had 
sent the eighteen & twelve pounders to Hackers Island Cap* 
Furlong applied to Cap' Saltonstall for Shot for the afore- 
said Cannon — Furlong said he had applied several times to 
Col° Revere, but could not get Shot that were suital)le, all 
the Shot he had receev'd were too small, I then supplied him 
with ninety Round Shot 18 & 12, pounders — When the 
Redoubt on Bagaduse was taken, I was again applied to for 
Cartridges, Spunges, & worms, for the Cannon the enemy 
had left in the aforesaid Redoubt ; the person applying said 
he had applied on board the Ordnance Brig: but had not 
been supplied by Col° Revere — I accordingly supplied him 
— After this Col° Revere personally applied to Cap' Salton- 
stall for Grape Shot — for 18 & 12 pounders — I by Cap' 
Saltonstalls order deliverd tv.'o hundred weight of Shot for 
grape which were not quilted — I never during the expedi- 
tion discover'd any backwardness in Col° Revere, but he ever 
appear'd to me to l)e busy in endevouring to find out the 
strength of enemy — 

Thomas Wait Foster 
Sworn to before Court ^ox' 11"' 1779 

Att Oliver Peabodv Clcr 



Petition of Sam^ IT'/uYc. 

To the Honorable the Council of House of Representatives 
of the State of the IMassachusetts Bay 

The petition of Samuel White of a place called Washing- 
ton in the County of Lincoln Yeoman Humbly shcweth that 
your petitioner Commenced an Action of Trespass against 

28 



4:M 1)oci'.mi:ntai;v iiisiouy 

J )a\ i<l Ciilnian tt otlicrs for a Trespass Committed on the land 
of vour petitioner to lie lieard t.V trvcd at tlio Inferior Court 
of Common {deas li('l<l at P()\\iiallM.ruii,i:li within cV ft>r said 
Coiintv on the tirst 'I'uesdav of dune last vV the same action 
was eontinned to tlic Inferior Court held at said Pownal- 
borough on the last Tuesday of September last & then re- 
ferred to the decision of Thomas Rice, Ezra Taylor & 
Xathanicl Tliwing Es(irs who were to inquire in which of 
the parties the Fee of the land resided & their report to ])e 
final k Conclusive to the parties & the said Referees (thro' 
a misconception of the Cause as your petitioner apprehends) 
made their Report in favour of said Gilman whereby great 
Injustice is done your petitioner having (unless aided by 
your Honors) lost his land & his house thereon & one or two 
years labour performed by himself & others of whom he pur- 
chased Wherefore your petitioner prays the interposition of 
your Hon*"* that the Cause may be recommitted to said 
Referees (they being dissatisfied with said result as appears 
by the annex't Certificate) & a rehearing be had thereon & 
your petitioner as in Duty bound shall ever pray 

Samuel White 
Powiialiioro' Xov^ 12, 1779 



Pel if ion of John Coffin Jones. 

State of Massachusetts Ray 
To the Hon'"'" the Council \- tJK! H.m'''^ the House of Repre- 
sentatives of the State aforesaid in General Court assembled. 

Boston November 13^'' 1779 
The Petition of .l(»lin Coffin Jones of Xewbury-Port in 
the County of Essex tl' State aforcsaiil Merchant humbly 
shews that your I'etitioner having purchased of Government, 



OF Tin-: STATE OF MAIXE 435 

the Estate in Cambridge, heretofore belonging to Jonathan 
Sewall, & the Estate in Boston heretofore belonging to Ben- 
jamin Hallo well, and advanced Ten p"" Cent earnest agree- 
able to the Condition of the Sale thereof, presumed that 
the Eemainder would have been discounted with your Peti- 
tioner, on account of the Loss of his property in Several 
Vessels employed by Government in the Expedition to 
Penobscot; but finding this incompatible with the Deter- 
mination of Government, Your Petitioner humbly prays, 
that Your Honors would grant him his proportion of the 
monies assign'd for the Reimbursement of the Loss sustained 
as aforesaid — Your Petitioner also humbly prays that Your 
Honors would please to indulge him with a few days (as 
many as shall appear reasonable to Your Honors) that he 
may be able to collect the remaining Sum to defray the 
Purchase of the Estates before mentioned ; which time shall 
be improved by your Petitioner for the purpose aforesaid, 
with the utmost Diligence. And Your Petitioner as in Duty 
bound shall ever pray &c 



Jn° Coffin Jones 



State of Massachusetts Bay 
In the House of Representatives 



Order of Council on foregoing. 

Nov' 13*" 1779 
On the Petition of John Coffin Jones praying that he may 
have granted him his proportion of the Monies assigned for 
the reinbursement of those who sustained losses in the 
Penobscut expedition and that he may have a longer time 
allowed for his compleating the pa^-mcnt of the two estates 
he has purchased of the State 



43fi 



Dorr.M KNr.\i;v ii is loiiv 



lies(il\('il tlint ilic [MMvci- tlicr('<»t' l»e so i'ar liraiitcil, tliiit 
the said -Inlm ('ofl'm .Inncs he allowed Nine Davs ['mm this 
time for the (•(•iiiph'atini; the j)aviii('iil at"oi-('sai<l — 

Sent up for ( 'niii-iinciice 
In Council Nov'' KV*- 1779 .l..hn irancock Spk"" 

Read & Coni'urred 

John Avcrv I) See'y 
Consented to — 

A Ward Saml Achinis Sam Nilcs 

B Greenleaf Closes Gill J Sini})son 

W Spooner B White Aaron Wood 

T dishing J Stone N Gushing 

Jahez Fisher T Danielson A Fuller 

Pel H ion of A)iflr('ir (Uihoi. 



State of j\Iassachusetts Bay 

To the Ilon"'^ the Council *jc the Hon'''' the House of Repre- 
sentatives of the State aforesaid in General Court assendded 

Boston Nov^ 13''' 177D 
'J'he T\'tition of Andrew Cahot of Bevcrlj in the County 
of Essex «k State aforesaid ]\rcrchant Ilundjly shews, that 
in consequence of the prayer of the Petition laid before your 
Honors yesterday not being answered, your Petitioner is 
necessitated to make this second application ; and to pray 
that Your Honors would grant him his proportion of the 
IMonies ordcrcrl by your Honors to defray in part the charges 
of the ICxpedition mentioned in the said Petition of yester- 
day; which, (as he apprehends) will amount to one third 
part of the Sum due to your Petitioner from Government 
in consequence of the Expedition aforesaid. — If this should 
appear too large a Sum for the present, he prays Your 
Honors would grant him one (^)uarter part of the Sum due 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 437 

as aforesaid — Your Petitioner also bumljly prays that as 

lie did not expect, and was not prepared to advance so 

great a part of the money to defray the purchase of the 

Estates mentioned in the Petition above referred to, Your 

Honors would please to grant him the favor of a few days 

(the number to be ascertained by your Honors) to enable 

him to raise the necessary Sum, from the Sale of (ioods on 

hand or otherwise; wherein no Exertion of your Petitioner 

shall be wanting. And your Petitioner as in duty bound 

shall ever pray &c — 

Andrew Cabot 



Resolve of Council. 

^ov" 13^*^ 1779 
State of Massachusetts Pay & House of Representatives 
On the Petition of Andrew Cabot. Nov 3 th 1779 

Ilesolved that the Conmiittee for the sale of Estates in 
the County of Middlesex be & they are hereby directed to 
receive of this Petitioner the purchase Money of the Estates 
mentioned in the said Petition ; provided the same be paid 
within ten days from this Time 

Sent up for Concurrence 
In Council Xov" 13^'^ 1779 John Hancock Spk^ 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Sec'y 
Consented to — 

A Ward Sam' Adams Sam Xiles 

B Greenleaf T Danielson Oliver Prescott 

W Spooner Josiah Stone B White 

Moses Gill A. Puller N Cushing 

J Fisher J Simpson Aaron Wood 



438 



DOCUMEiNTAIiV JIISTOUY 



Resolve of Genl. Court. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 
In the House of Representatives Xoveniber 15'*' 1779 

Whereas it appears to this Court that at the time of the 
hite Ahirni at Falmouth a Vessel! was laying in the Harbour 
of Barnstable loaded with Hour for the use of the Navy Board 
in this department from which Vessell the Selectmen of 
Barnstable were under the necessity of taking nine barrills 
of flour for the sustenance of the troops assembled at Fal- 
mouth afors'' and as the Xavy board have represented that 
they are now in want of the same 

Therefore Besolved that the Board of War of this State 
be directed and they are hereby accordingly directed to de- 
liver to the Continental Navy Boa-rd in this department as 
soon as they have it in their power to do so nine Barrills of 
flour for repayment of those taken by the Selectmen of 
Barnstable for the purpose aforemention — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk"" 



Read & Concurred 
Consented to 
A W^ard 
B Greenleaf 
Walter Spooner 
T Cushing 
Moses Gill 



John Avery D Sec'y 



Saml Adams 
J Fisher 
T Danielson 
B W^hite 
N Cushing 



A Fuller 
Jn° Pitts 
J Simpson 
Aaron Wood 
N Goodman 



Resolve of General Court. 

In the House of Representatives 

November 15: 1779 

on the Petition of the Continental Navy Board Sating 

forth that Mr Jonathan Winship was imploycd by them to 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 439 

Procure Beef for the Supply of the Continental Xavy: and 
that said Winship had by one Mr Greely Purchased: (in 
the Easterly Part of this State) one hundred Head of 
Cattle for the above said Purpos: P>ut as the said Greely 
was bringing forty Nine Head of Said Cattle Through the 
Town of Falniouth in the county of Cumberland The 
Com"'''' of the said Town of Falmouth have stoped Said Cattle 
by vertue of an Act of the General Assembly of this State 
Passed September 28rd 1779 

Therefore Resolve that the said Jonathan Winship be and 
he hereby is impowered: (or any Person for or under him) 
to proceed to the Easterly Part of this State; and to Receive 
and bring forward said Cattle to the use of the Navy Board 
in the Town of Boston : and the committee of the Said Town 
of Falmouth arc hereby Directed to Deliver said Cattle ac- 
cordingly any Law of this State to the contrary notwith 

standing 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk*" 
In Council Nov"" ll'*^ 1779 

Read & Concurred John Avery D Sec'y 

Consented to 

A Ward Moses Gill T Danielson 

B Greenleaf A Fuller Josiah Stone 

W Spooner Sam Xiles J. Simpson 

H Gardner O Prescott Aaron Wood 

B White Jn° Pitts N Gushing 



Resolve of Geyil Court on petition Eleazer Crahiree. 

In House of Representatives Nov' IS''' 1779 

On the Petition of Eleazer Crabtree Praying for leave to 
take Possession of a Farm in Weston the property of one 



440 I)OCU^[EXTAI{Y lIISTdKY 

Xatlian Jones of Goldsboroiigb, now witli the Enemy, which 
Farm is now in Possession of Ichabod Jones — 

Resolved tliat the Petitioner notify the s^ Ichabod Jones by 
serving him wiili a Coppy of Said Petition together with his 
Resolve that he may Show Cause to this Court on Friday the 
i!sineteenth Day of this Instant Nov"" if any he hath, why the 

Petition should not be Granted 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk. 
In Council Nov' 18, 1770 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Sec'y 
In Council Xov' 19, 1779 Read & Ordered that Thomas 
Durfee and Xoah Goodman Esq""^ with such as the Hon'ble 
House shall join be a Committee to consider the Petition of 
Eleazer Crabtree. Whereas the Parties who are present & 
report what may be proper to be done thereon 

Sent up for Concurrence 

J Avery D Sec'y 
In the House of Representatives Nov"" 19, 1779 

Read & concurred & M"" Smith M"" Singletary & Maj' 
Bullard are join'd John Hancock Spk. 



Col Allan to Board of War. 

Machias Xovem' 15'" 1779 

Sir I had the Honor of writing the 10"^ Ins' from the 

River S' Croix, — Have now to acquaint the Ilon*"'^ Poard of 
my Arrival here with all the Indians, Except 14 Wigwams 

which I ordered on the River Copskook which leads from 

Passamaquody to Machias 

The \'irtuous Conduct of those Savages requires the 

Generosity of the States, to attend to tlieir Situation — and 



OF T HE STATE OF .MAINE 441 

for fear of their Drawing off from us, Commands the Exer- 
tions of Government to Give an immediate Ear to the Care 
of them, — 

As soon as I range matters a Little I intend if Possible 
to go with a Number of Indians towards Majorbagwaduce 
to Join Capt Preble who I sent sometime ago to raise 
Rangers, by the Encouragement I received from several In- 
habitants on that River, Agreeable to a resolve of the Gen' 
Court — I have Dismiss'd Cap* OBrien & some others, allso 
what of the Malitia I have on duty here shall dismiss this 
Week,— 

I have Calld on the Commisary for a General Ace' of 
every Expenditure since my Command, & am now Settling 
the whole affairs of this Department, which shall be Trans- 
mitted as soon as finished with the other Returns, — 

I am sorry that I am Compelled to inform the General 
Court that a General Conduct appears to Take place, (under 
the Colour off Bosmith to bring affects from Xova Scotia) 
of Carrying on an Illicit Trade 

The Military by doing their duty must become obnoxious, 
this I find will soon be the case with me, nor can I Dis- 
charge the Duty I owe my Country without bringing the 
Vengeance of the Commercial part of the Eastward upon 
me. By which I am Liable to be Keep'd in perpetual Broils, 
much to the Damage of the Public Service, as it must pre- 
vent my pursuing my business with the Indians, which re- 
quires all the Time & Talents I have — 

From these Circumstances, should there not be a Check 
to such proceedings by Government, I must Claim the In- 
dulgence to be Dismiss'd from my Military Employment in 
this place, — I have been very happy in this Capacity, & 
Esteem it the Greatest Honor & favour During the Corse 
of my whole life in being in the Military Department & 



442 i>(>(Imi:ntai;v ihsioky 

C'ou'd wish to ( oiitinue duriiiii ilic \\';ir, Uiit the OiiHcultys 
r liave to Kncoimter is hcyo\iii<l my fortitude or ability to 
Withstand in this phicc — Shoud tlic lion''''" Congress ap- 
prove of my past Conduct and think it Suitable to Continue 
me Longer with the Indians — 1 woud Chuse to move the 
Stores & Every matter whatever of that Department from 
among the Inhabited part of the Country — 

Shoud my Conduct not be approved olF & tho't Expedient 
for the public Service that I shoud be succeeded, I willing- 
ly oiler my Service as a Volentier under any Gentleman 
appointed to Continue until he may be Acquainted with their 
ways,— 

This Day I have a Conference with the Indians, the whole 

Proceedings, I shall Transmit by next Opportunity — 

I have the Honor to Be very respectfully Sir 

Your most obed' hbl serv^ 

J Allan 

In Council Dec"" 2*^ 1779 Read & Sent down 

with a Letter dated the lO^*" Ult° 

John Avery D Sec'y 

Petition of James Nehon. 

To the Great and General Court or Assembly of the State 
of the Massachusetts Bay now met and fitting in Boston — 
Xovem IG^'^ 1779 

The humble petition of Monsieur Xebon in behalf of 
Mons"" Orsonneau, herewith — 

That on the twenty second day of September one thousand 
seven hundred seventy nine, Joseph Donneson bought at 
Boston for the use and benefit of the s** Orsonneau, two hogs- 
heads of Brown Sugar — upon the arrival of the said sugar in 
the town of Franklin it was detained by Joseph Hawes and 



OF THE STATE OF ^fAIXE 44."} 

Ebenezer Dean, by virtue of an act of this State, forbid'"^ 
sundry articles of Merchandize being carried from this into 
any other of the United States — of which Embargo Act the 
said Orsonneau was totally ignorant — Your petition there- 
fore in behalf of the s^ Orsonneau humbly prays, that the 
honorable Court will be pleased, to order the restoration of 
the aforementioned two hogsheads of sugar, to the proper 
owner thereof, with liberty to dispose of the same, if he shall 
see fit, within this state, or at the town of Franklin, where 
they are now deposited — and your petitioner as in duty 

bound shall ever pray &c 

James Nebon 



Resolve in favor Sarah Bagley. 
State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Kepresentatives Nov"" 16: 1779 
Resolved that the State Treasurer be & he hereby is 
Directed to Pay unto Sarah Bagley, Widow of the Late 
Benjamin Bagley, or Her Order, the Gratuity Due to her 
Said Late Husband he Being Returned as in Captivity Not- 
withstanding 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk*" 
In Council Novb. 16'^ 1779 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Sec'y 

Warr* draA\Ti same Day 
Consented to — 

A Ward Moses Gill Jn° Pitts 

B Greenleaf T Danielson Aaron Wood 

W Spooner B. White H Gardner 

T Gushing N Gushing A Fuller 

Sam* x\dams J Simpson N Goodman 



444 l)()Cr.MK.NTAl;V IIISTOIJV 

I'lhlioii of (lilhcrl \\. t^i>citli'in(in. 

Ihc Petition of Ciilhcrl Warner S[)eaknuin (^ommissary 
of Ordnance, for the late Expedition to Penobscut 
Ilimililv Sheweth 

That your Petitioner sent a (|ii!iiitity of Arms & Ammuni- 
tion (from A Sloop ('niiniiaiKlcd li\- ( 'ap' Samuel Harris 
which lay at PortsuKnuli ) to I'^iluKniih fur the Supply of 
the Troops then Collecting in thai phice 

The })crs(»n in whose care the Sai<l Stores were Left is 
now in Poston, and is desirous of lia\ ing tiieni taken out of 
his hands 

Your Petitioner therefore prays that Your Honors in 
your wisdom would Oi'der the Said Stores to he taken into 
the Custody of some proper person 

And that your Honors would Order a Settlement of his 
Accounts and your petitioner as in duty bound shall ever 
pray 

Gilbert W. Speakman 
Boston IG'" Xov^ 1779 

In the House of Representatives Xov"" 18 — 1779 

Read & committed to the Board of War. Sent up for 

Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk 
In Council Nov 18' 1779 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Secy 

Afjreenund Board of War with T'unolhy Fitch. 

War Office Boston Nov" 

It is agreed between the Board of War for the State of 

Massachusetts Bay on the one part & Timothy Fitch of Med- 

ford in the County of Midd*^^ Masch* on the other part that 

the said Boar<l of War shall allow to the said Fitch one half 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 445 

part of ill] tlic stoves & other articles of cvcrv kind that may 
be by him the said Timothy or any Person or Persons under 
him savd from the wreck of the Vessels lately lost in the 
imfortimate Expedition to Penobscot, the said Timothy here- 
by engaging to deliver the whole of the stoves & other articles 
aforesaid to the Board of War or their order in the Port of 
Boston free & clear of any charge of salvage or other expense 
whatever. 

And it is farther agreed that all such stoves & other articles 
shall be divided by the consent of the partys or by Three 
indifferent persons of good repute mutual ly chosen for that 
purpose. 



Letter tranamittinrj Rc.solufion of (Urngress. 

Philadelphia Xov"" W 1771) 
To the Hon' the Council, & House of Representatives of the 
State of Massachusetts Bay — 
Sir. 

We have the Honor of transmitting You by the earliest 
Oppertunity, a Copy of the Resolution of Congress, upon the 
Application of the State of Massachusetts Bay of the 21^' 
of September last, for retaining six Million Dollars (which 
the State were to raise as a continental Tax), to defrey y^ 
Expences of y^ penobscot Expedition fr We perceive by some 
observations that were thrown out in Debate, that a Ques- 
tion will arise on y^ propriety of considering this as a con- 
tinental Expence, notwithstanding it w^as evidently incurred 
to repel an Invasion of y^ Enemy in that State: & we arc 
of opinion that as soon as y^ necessary papers can be pre- 
pared & sent to Congress, it will be expedient to obtain their 
Sense on the ini])ortant Subject — We wait y^ Directions 



446 DOCUMENTAKV IlISTolJY 

of tlic li(in(iralil(-' Assciiilily for coii(hictiiitr lliis Business & 

remain. Sir. with y" greatest Kespcct for tlicm & yourself 

your most ol)e<l" t!!c very liumltlc .serv' 

E. Gerry 

James Lovell 

In ("oinu-il Dcc^ 2" 1779 S Holton 

Read &: sent down 

Jn" Avery T) Secy 

Pcfidon of ScJecimcn of Town of Lincoln. 

To tlie Honorable the Council & Gentlemen of the House of 
Kepresentatives of the State of the Massachusetts — Bay. — 

The Petition of the Select-I\Ien of the Town of Lincoln 
humbly Sheweth 

That whereas by a Resolve of the great & general Court 
passed on the twelfth Day of June 1778 requiring a Detach- 
ment of men to go on an Expedition to Rhode Island, from 
said Town, and whereas three men were detached by the 
Commission'd Officers for said purpose, and fourteen pounds 
being paid to each man by the Select-men of Said Town out 
of the Town Treasury, and no Return having been made of 
the above said money, to the Honb'^ Court, by Reason of the 
Resolve being miss laid, therefore pray that the sum of 
forty two Pounds may lie deducted from the next State — 
Tax which may be laid on the In-habitants of the Said To\\ii 

And your Petitioner as in Duty bound Shall ever pray — 

Lincoln, Nov' 16''' 1779 

Abijah Peirce 

In behalf 

of the 

Select-Men 

of 

Lincoln 



OF THE STATE OF MATXE 447 

Petition Selectmen of Lincoln Nov. 16 1779. 

Lincoln Feb'' 22"^ 1779 

This may certifie that we the subscribers paid to three 

persons fourteen pounds each for their encouragement in a 

campaign at Ehode Island agreeable to a resolve of the great 

and general court pass*^ June 12'^ 1778 

Sam' Farrar 

Selectmen 

of 



Abijah Pcirce 
Benj Munroe 
Jacob Baker 



Lincoln 



Middlesex February 22^ 1779 

Then the above Subscribers made oath to the truth of this 
Certificate by them subscribed before me 

Eleazer Brooks Justice Peace 

We the subscribers each of us acknowledge that we have 
rec*^ of the Selectmen of the town of Lincoln the Sum four- 
teen pounds as an ample encouragement for our engaging at 
providence or in any of the New England States agreeable 
to a late Kesolve of the great and General Court 
Rec^ by us James Adams 

Lincoln July G**^ 1778 Jonathan Mead 

Thomas Smith 

Report of Committee in re Col Revere. 

The Committee of both ITouses appointed to make enquiry 
into the conduct of the Officers of the Train; and the Militia 
Officers, employed in the late Expedition to Penobscot ; have 
attended the Service assigned them ; And the Opinion of 
your Committee on the Subject matter will fully appear by 
the following questions and answers thereto ISTamely. 



44S Dot'CMKNIAKV 111S1-()1;Y 

Qucs'" 1. \V:is Lie' ( 'ul" Paul \lv\rvv ciiliiaLIc 1"<.r any of 
liis coiHluct (luriiiir liis stay at Uaiiaduco, or wliilu liu was 
in, Ul- upon ilic River Ponobseot ? 
Answer Yes 

2 Wliat part of Lie' Col" Paul Reveres Conduct was 
enlpablc? 

Answer: in (lisputinu- llie orders of Brigadeer (leneral 
\\'a<lsworlli respcctinir the Roat ; *!c in sayinir the Rrii;a- 
deer had no right to eonunand him or the hoat. 

13. Was Lie' C'ol" Paul Ilevercs conduct justifyable in 
leaving the River Penobscot, and repairing to Boston, 
with his Men, without particular orders from his 
Superior Officer ? 
Answer Xo, not wholly justifyable. 

4. Docs anything appear in Evidence to the disadvantage 
of any of the Militia Officers, during the Expedition to 
Penobscot, or on the retreat therefrom ? 
Answer No. Excepting CoP Jonathan ]\Iitchell, who 
by his own confession left the River Penobscot without 
leave from any Superior Officer ; and returned to North 
Yarmouth the place of his habitation 

All which is humbly Submitted 

Artemas Ward & order 

In Council Xov^ 16''' 1779 Read & Committed to Timotliy 
Danielson and John Pitts Esq" with such as the Hon"'"' 
House shall join to take into Consideration this Report with 
the Papers accompanying the Same and report what may be 
proper to be done thereon — 

Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery D Se' 

Li the House of Representatives Nov"" 18 1779 

Read ^c concurrd & Coll Freeman — Coll Brown & Maj"" 
Demmuck are join'd John Hancock Spk"" 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 449 

Petition of Toiviis in Lincoln County. 

State of the Massachusetts 
Bay in New England 

To the Honouraljle the Council and house of Representa- 
tives In General Court Assembled at Boston A, D. 1779 
The Petition of the Several Towns in the County of Lin- 
coln by their Agents mett in Convention at Wiscasset pint 
on the Sixteenth Day of IvTovember A. D, 1779 — Humbly 
Shews That the first Settlers of this County, as well as those 
that have Settled here Since, were most of them very poor, 
and Destitute of almost all the Necessaries of Life, the Land 
heavyly Loaded with wood and Timber, and very hard to 
(Cultivate, they were obliged to go into the Lumber Trade, 
for their Immediate Support, by which they had many 
Thousand Bushells of Grain Annually brought to them, as 
well as wool & flax and other Articles by which they were 
Supported, and have ever Cheerfully paid their full propor- 
tion of the Publick Charges, but Since the Commencement 
of the unhappy Controversy between Great Britain and these 
Colonies our Case and Circumstances are become truly De- 
plorable, for those few that had some small Interest in their 
hands, which consisted Chiefly in Coasting Vessels, which 
they imploy'd, in carrying of our wood and Lumber, and 
bringing back Grain, and other iSTecessaries of Life, until 
the Risque became so great that it reduced our wood and 
Lumber to almost nothing, and the prise of Provisions — 
Excessive high, whereby an undue proportion of the Burthen 
of the War fell upon us, and finally out of Sixty Coasting 
vessels, which was own'd to the westward of S* Georges Forty 
nine are taken or Lost, and Still further to compleat our 
misfortune, we are prohibited by a Law of this State, from 
Exporting masts spars & yards, many of which are now Lov- 
ing upon our hands, and will soon be finally Lost, and in the 

29 



450 I)Oci:mkntaky iiistoky 

voar past, the little hopes we had from the produce of our 
Small Farms was almost wholly cut off by au uncommon 
Drought, so that in the winter Season many Families were 
forced to Live (or rather Subsist) without bread or meat, for 
weeks and ukiiiv for months touefher, as there was but very 
Little (Jrain brought to us to be sold, and that at as high a 
Price as Sixty Dollars p"" Bushell — ^ and as to the present 
year the Prospect is still more gloomy and Desperate, for 
after haveing Struggled through the Miseries of a hard and 
pinching winter, the Peoples Countenances Pale, and their 
Bodies become feeble, through want and hunger, they were 
in the Spring of the year, from the first appearance of things, 
in great hopes of a fruitful Summer, but their Early hopes 
were soon cutt off, by amazeing Swarms of Grass hoppers, 
and other insects which in many parts of this Country almost 
covered the face of the Ground, and distroy'd great part of 
the Grain & Grass and almost all vegetables that grew out of 
the Earth, and still further to compleat our ]\risery, Early 
in the Summer our Sea Coasts were infested, and our har- 
bours block'd up by British Ships of war, and Privateers, 
whereby the people were Alarmed and Almost all Business 
Laid aside for some time, not knowing which way to turn 
theirselves But in a vShort time about one half of the Militia 
was called to Arms, & march'd for the protection of our De- 
fenceless Sea Coasts, and then to join in that Inglorious 
Expedition to Penobscott, where they served for two months, 
this being in the most Buisy Season in the whole year, and 
thereby many Lost great part of their Grass and Grain which 
the Devouring Insex had Left And since that, about one 
third more of the ^lilitia has i)een calld off to Guard the Sea 
Coast, and our Defenceless neighbours who then were and 
Still are every hour in jeopardy of their Lives and fortunes 
from the Enemy, which Troops are now Keturn'd and the 
Eastern parts of the County left naked and Defenceless, and 



OF THE STATE OF :NrAINE 451 

most of the Provision there Eate up or Destroyed, and the 
Wretched Inhabitants near the Sea Coasts driven back with- 
out any thing to Support themselves, and Lays as a Dead 
weight on the rest of the people, who are obliged in Charity 
to Support them, altho they have not half Provision enough 
to Supply their own Families, through the winter, and not- 
withstanding our provisions are so Exhausted by Supplying 
the troops, before the publick Stores came down — and Sup- 
porting the miserable Inhabitants who have Lost their all, 
we are not a Little Surpprized to find, that by an Order from 
the Committee of War, a Large Quantity of Beef which the 
Inhabitants could very badly spare, but for the publick Good 
— did consent to Turn out for the use of the Troops, but it 
seems it was not Used, and is now Ordered to Boston, and 
should it so happen, that upon any Sudden Emergency more 
Troops should be raized, it would be impossible to Supply 
them even for two Days, this now is the true State of this 
Poor and Distressd County, and when we Look about us and 
behold the Distress of the People almost Destitute of most of 
the ^Necessaries of Life, no Exports or Imports by Sea as 
Usual in time past, whereby our wood and Lumber, the 
Little we got, in our perplexd Circumstances Lays upon our 
hands, and no provision brought to us and no money to pur- 
chase any with, we stand amazd at the Prospect, and when 
we Look forward and behold the ]\[onsterous Taxes that are 
Laid upon us, and no money to Pay it with, we are Astonishd 
& know not what to do Init this we arc sure of, that it is 
possible we can by any means subsist ourselves through the 
winter, yet it is impossible for us to pay those heavy Taxes 
Demanded of us, or Supply those Articles of Clotheing which 
by a Risolve of the General Court is Enjoin'd upon us, and 
altho we have hitherto been neglected, as not to have Precepts 
Sent to us whereby we could make choice of a person to 
Represent us in the General Assembly, and have a voice in 



452 DOCTTMKXTAKY IIISTOKY 

the Choice of Councillors ami ( 'niisequentlv in that part of 

the Legcslative B(v1v which proccilc as (iovernor, ^'et wc 

liunihly trust wc may Decently [X'tition that l\)wer which 

has Taxed us unrepresented, as wc have a President from 

these Colonies of Part it ioiiiiiu tlic Parliiiiciit of (Ircat IJritaiii 

in a Similar Case ^i we do therefore most earnestly implore 

the favor of this Honorahle Court to take our peculiar dis- 

tress'd Case under your wise Consideration and Release those 

heavy Taxes that are Demanded of us, and Releave us from 

i»ur Distress in sudi a \\;iy and iiKiniicr as to you in your 

great wisdom and Goodness shall seem meet otherwise we 

must be forced to Resign up our all into the hands of that 
power which Shall see fit to take it from us, and your humble 

petitioner as in Duty Bound shall ever Pray — 

Signed by Order of the Convention 

Kzi-d Taylor President 

Moses Davis Clerk 
Attest 

In the House of Representatives Dec"" 1770 

on the Petition of a number of Towns met in Convention 
in the County of Lincoln praying for a release of theire Tax. 

Resolved that the Pctitinn Ix' so far granted 

[ l']n(lorscil : I Ivcsolve for an Al»atcincnt of £ir)00(> Tax of 
the several Towns in the County of Lincoln and directing the 
several Towns to meet together by their Agents for the ])ur- 
pose of adjusting their Several Projiositions. 



INDEX 



Adams, Capt. , 111. 

James, 447. 

Samuel, 26, 70, 100, 101, 103, 
11.5, 126, 13.5, 138, 142, 143, 
153, 172, 193, 197, 248, 302, 
329, 346, 350, 354, 355, 356, 
357, 365, 371, 372, 373, 393, 
413, 432, 436, 437, 438, 443. 

Adamson, Capt., Robert, 7, 9, 10, 
15, 16. 

Aggamogen Reach, 106. 

Albany, 119. 

Albee, Lieut. William, 176. 

Alden, Austin, 402. 

Allan, Col. John, 35, 82, 117, 118, 
119, 127, 129, 136, 147, 148, 
177, 185, 192, 347, 349, 397, 
400, 408, 420, 421, 428, 430, 
440, 442. 
J. H., 104, 111, 129. 

Allen, , of Saco, 55. 

Thomas, 171. 
Lieut. William, 128. 

Ambroise St. Aubin, an Indian, 
399, 409. 

Ames, Moses, 99, 369. 

Anderson, John, 117, 118, 122, 
135, 136, 147, 148. 

Andover, 55. 

Arbuthnot, Admiral Marriot, 165. 

Artillery, Continental, 58. 

Arundel, 159. 

Ary, Joseph, 89. 

Avery, James, 135, 136. 
Lieut. James, 128. 
John, 23, 27, 35, 37, 48, 51, 55, 56, 
59, 60, 68, 69, 70, 71, 73, 74, 
75, 79, 86, 87,89,90,100, 103, 
104, 111, 112, 115, 120, 121, 
122, 126, 128, 130, 131, 133, 
134, 135, 137, 138, 139, 142, 
143, 146, 147, 148, 152, 153, 
156, 167, 169, 170, 172, 173, 
176, 193, 194, 198, 248, 249, 
271, 280, 302, 329, 332, 333, 
339, 346, 347, 350, 354, 356, 
361, 365, 366, 368, 369, 370, 
371, 372, 373, 374, 375, 376, 
377, 378, 380, 381, 384, 392, 
394, 396, 400, 403, 404, 405. 
408, 411, 412, 413, 414, 415, 
418, 421, 422, 426, 432, 436, 



Avery, John, conthiurtl. 

437, 438, 439, 440, 442, 443, 
444, 446, 448. 
Samuel, 112, 126. 



B 

Bagadouce, see Magabagaduce. 
Bagley, Benjamin, 141, 443. 

Sarah, 141, 443. 
Bagodoose, sfe .Magabagaduce. 
Bakeman, John, 407, 408. 
Baker, Jacob, 447. 

Samuel, 75, 86, 115, 197, 248, 
302, 329, 346, 354, 355, 356, 
361, 365, 368, 371, 373. 
Bakerstown, 402. 
Ball'd Head, 239. 
Banker's Island, ) 186,198,202, 
Banks' Island, \ 203, 204, 209, 
212, 213, 225, 227, 234, 244, 
251, 253, 257, 264, 284, 304, 
339. 
Fort on, 212, 244, 251, 257, 264. 
Barber, Nathaniel Jr., commis- 
sary, 116. 
Barker, David, 402. 
Barnard, Gov. Francis, 367. 
Barnstable, 167, 168, 428, 438. 
Harbor, 438. 
County, 194, 301. 
Barton, Steph., 357. 
Batcheldor, Capt., 338. 

Bateman, , 229. 

Bateman's Island, 232. 
Bath, Cox Hall, 155, 159, 423. 
Cox's Head, 65. 
Cox's Heights, 131. 
Beach, Capt. Isaac, 69. 
Belfast, 30, 64, 84, 132, 206, 264. 
Bennet, John, constable, 171, 431. 
Bennet, John, constable, 171, 
Bentley, Joshua, 332, 333. 
Berkshire County, 164, 372. 
Bernard, Gov. Francis, 367. 
Bernes, James, 154. 
Berry, Thomas, 5, 6. 
Berwick, I 295, 393, 423. 
Barwick, ( 
Beverly, 156, 379, 436. 
Biddeford, 159, 385. 
Bigwadnce, see Magabagaduce, 
Bilboa, 352. 



454 



DOCUMENTARY UlSTOKY 



Blanchard, Edward, 333. 
Blue Hill, 3S0. 
Blunt. Capt. John, 389, 300. 
Boothbav, 173, 175. 
Boston, 5, 10, 12, 13, 14, IS, I'J, 
20, 26. 32, 34. 37. 46. 47, 49. 

55, 58. 62. 69, 70. 82, 85, 86, 
87, 88, 89, 90. 102. 103, 116, 
131, 135, 136, 149, 153, 156. 
163, 166, 170, 171. 173. 175. 
181, 182, 194, 201, 207, 211, 
216, 217, 221. 222. 223. 224, 
225, 235, 247, 249, 252, 256, 
261, 262, 270, 293, 300, 302, 
306, 316. 332, 333. 334. 336, 
338, 340, 342, 347, 349, 351, 
359, 360, 362, 366, 367, 368. 
375, 381, 382, 383, 384, 392, 
394, 396, 397, 404, 409, 413, 
414, 422, 425, 427, 431, 434, 
435, 436, 439, 442, 444, 448, 
451. 

Board of War, \ 10, 18, 24, 32, 34, 

War OlRce, / 39, 40, 41, 43, 44, 
45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 58, 59, 60, 
64, 71, 82, 83, 114, 121, 124, 
130, 133, 134, 135, 137, 138. 
141. 146. 147, 151, 153, 169, 
173, 175, 177, 180, 182, 183, 
184, 185, 233, 247, 248, 249, 
271, 280, 332, 346, 347, 351, 
352. 353, 362, 370, 371, 373. 
374, 375, 376, 377, 378, 379, 
380, 381, 394, 398, 402, 403, 
404, 405, 415, 416, 417, 418, 
419, 426, 428, 438, 440, 444, 
445. 

Castle, tne, 56, 69, 70, 193, 226, 
302, 305. 

Castle Island, 51, 87, 302. 

Council Chamber, 7, 9, 11, 15, 
16, 17, 26, 32, 33, 34, 37, 39, 
40, 45, 46, 49, 50, 52, 53, 54, 

56, 60, 68, 69, 70, 71, 73, 86, 
89, 112. 130. 161. 193, 270, 
347, 376, 378. 380, 381, 383, 
384, 404, 405, 415, 417. 

Faneuil Hall, 125, 170, 323. 

Harbor, 68, 87, 347, 385, 422. 

Navv Board, 60, 68, 70, 130, 
1.37. 140. 155. 287, 395, 396, 
422, 427, 428, 438, 439. 

Port of, 165, 419, 445. 

State House, 395, 396, 431. 
Bowen, Lieut-Gov. Jabez, 164. 
Bradbury, Jacob, 154. 

John, 154. 

Bradford. \ Mr. , of Boston 

Bradfort, / 18, 19. 



Bradish, Major, , 3. 

Bra^aduco, .sec Magabagaduce. 
15raf;di)n, Joshua, 423. 

Brunville, .Maj. , 258; see 

a!.so under Bromville. 
Breck, .Mr. Robert, 332, 419. 
Brewer, James, messenger, 25. 

Col. Josiah, truckmaster, 247, 
329, 338, 392. 
Brigadier's Island, 84. 
Britons, ) see also English, the, 
Britains, f 181, 391. 429. 
Bromville, ] .Maj. Edward, 63, 
Bromwell, I 81, 222, 258, 281, 
Bronville, j- 322, 323, 328. 
Browuville, J 

Bron, .Maj. , 214. 

Brookfield, 102. 
Brooks, E., 75. 

Eleazer, 447. 
Brown, Capt. , of the Dili- 
gence, 76, 200, 206, 217, 228, 
234, 235, 245, 250, 299, 304. 

Col. , 448. 

Col. , of Reading, 374. 

Andrew, 116. 

C. M., 407. 
Gawen, 324, 329. 

James. 280, 281. 

:\Iaj.-Gen. Jacob, 57, 81, 86, 125, 
108, 210, 258, 276, 286. 

John, 10, 41, 42. 

Moses, 378, 379. 

Capt. Nathan, 125, 156, 168, 
188. 

Capt. Peter, 168. 

Capt. Phillip. 125. 168. 287. 291. 
Brownfield. 97. 

Bruce. Col. . 351. 

Brunswick. 43, 139, 145, 146, 402, 
408. 

Bucke. Col. , 35. 

Bullard, Maj. , 440. 

Bunker, Jonathan, pilot, 9, 10. 
Burbeck, Col. William, 332. 
Burgess, Samuel, 350, 351. 
Burgovne's Army, 27. 
Burke, Col. , 208. 

Mr. , a priest, 182. 

Capt. William, 14, 82, 125, 168, 
200, 221, 2:^8, 259, 269, 277, 
298, 328, 395, 404. 405. 
Buzzard's Bay. 196. 
B. , I. . 60. 



Cabot. Andrew. 436. 437. 



INDEX 



455 



Cambridge, 396, 397, 435. 
Little, 395. 

Camden 1 14, 30, 32, 39, 44, 57, 

Cambden I 62, 64, 78, 84, 85, 

Campden J 131, 132, 193, 194, 
264, 269, 277, 312, 336, 345, 
387, 388, 389, 390, 391, 404, 
405, 409, 418. 

Campbell, Lieut. Col. Alexander, 
27, 400, 420, 430. 

Canabeck, .see Kennebec. 

Canada, 183, 398, 399, 429. 

Canadians, the, 183, 397, 398. 

Cape Ann, 9, 88, 177. 

Cape Cod, 68, 88, 89. 

Cape Elizabeth, 2, 5, 9, 68, 74, 
133, 163, 384, 402. 

Cape Na waggan, \ 174. 

Cape Newagen, j 

Cape Roziere, 233. 

Cargill, James, 338. 

Carnes, Capt. , of the Black 

Prince, 241, 242. 

Capt. , of the Marines, 235, 

305. 
Capt. John, 168. 
Capt. John, of Salem, 156. 
Capt. Thomas Jenners, 86, 87, 
88, 125, 208, 218, 219, 271, 
278, 279, 281, 282, 283, 285, 
310, 311, 321, 339, 375. 

Carolina, 420. 

Carrying Place, between Penob- 
scot and the St. Lawrence 
River, 397. 

Carver, Capt. John, 268. 

Casco'Bay, 15, 24, 25, 40, 41, 47, 

82, 83, 88, 141. 
Castle Island, see under Boston. 
Cathcart 1 Capt. John, 125, 168, 
Kithchart I 203, 219, 227, 228, 
Kittchart ) 229, 230, 235, 237, 

242, 246, 283, 284, 285, 287, 

290, 299, 311. 
Chapman, Jos. Jr., 249, 347, 351, 

376, 417. 
Charlestown, 55. 
Chauncery, Charles, 115. 

Choate, Mr. , 111. 

Cithcart, see Cathcart. 
Clark, Benjamin, 170, 171. 

Samuel Hill, 160. 
Cluff, Thomas, 160. 
Cobb, Samuel :\1., 338. 
Cobb, Capt. William, 145. 

see also McCobb. 
Cod fishery, the, 72, 79. 
Code, , of Wells, 55. 



Codraan, Richard, 141. 
Colburn, Reuben, 338. 
Cole, Jesse, 89. 
Collier, Sir George, 201. 
Collson, William, constable, 397. 
Conant, M. T., 407. 
Condeskeige, 78. 
Congress, .see under the United 

States. 
Connecticut, 163, 164. 
Continental Army, the, 416. 
Artillery, the, 58. 
Navv, 427. 

Navy Board, 438, 439. 
Conway, 97. 

Capt. John, 1, 12, 15, 17. 
Copeland, Moses, 338. 
Copskook River, 440. 
Cottle, Shob., 149. 
Cousin, Ephraim, 160. 
Cousins, 1 Maj. Nathaniel, 265, 
('ouzens, J 266, 275. 
Cox Hall, 155, 159, 423. 
Cox's Head, 65. 
Heights, 131. 
Crabtree, Capt. Agreen, 338, 406. 

Eleazer, 424, 425, 439, 440. 
Crafts, Col. Thomas, 51. 
Craigg, James, 357. 

Cranch, :\Ir. , 45. 

Croasswell, Andrew, 26. 
Cross, ]>Iaj., 86, 137. 

Mr. , 347, 413. 

Cumberland, 65, 69, 401. 

Countv, 26, 31, -38, 49, 73, 74, 
85, 90, 95, 113, 114, 134, 139, 
143, 144, 145, 146, 157, 163, 
172, 262, 263, 313, 336, 355, 
371, 384, 396, 401, 422, 439. 
troops, the, 313. 
Cunningham, Lieut. Joseph, 197, 
225, 395. 

Curtis, Capt. , of Harpswell, 

133. 
Cushing, Brig.-Gen. Charles, 31, 
38, 39, 50, 52, 53, 60, 129, 131, 
168, 192, 364, 390, 392, 414, 
415. 



Nathan, 70, 75, 
135, 137, 138, 
197, 248, 329, 
356, 365, 368, 
432, 436, 437, 

Capt. Perez, 87, 
217, 220, 222, 
282, 305, 306, 
330, 331, 341, 



104, 120, 126, 

142, 143, 148, 

340, 354, 355, 

371, 372, 373, 

439, 443. 

208, 210, 211, 

223, 224, 278, 

31 S 321 322 

343^ 344'. 



450 



DOCUMENTAHY HISTORY 



Thomas, 37. 115, 126, 135. 137, 
148, 169, 193, 197, 248, 302, 
329, 350. 356, 372. 373. 436. 
438. 443. 

Cutts, E:dward, 115, 126. 135, 137, 
138, 142, 143, 146, 148, 153, 
172, 423. 
Capt. Thomas, 393. 

C , J , Jr., 351, .sec also 

Chapman, Jos. Jr. 



D 



-, 397. 



DaBadie, Capt. 

Dana, Mr. , 360. 

Francis, 48, 100, 101, 187, 317, 

319 432. 
F. m'., ',b, 148, 172, 302, 350, 
373. 

Danforth. Asa, 102. 

Dangamore, Benjamin, 155. 

Danielson, Timothy, 75, 100, 101. 
115, 126, 135, 137, 138, 142, 
143, 148, 187, 190, 193, 197, 
248, 317, 319, 346, 350, 354. 

355, 360, 432, 436, 437, 438, 
439, 443, 448. 

Dartmouth, 151. 

Davidson, \ Henry, 170, 171. 

Davison, j 

Davis, Capt. , 285. 

D., 151, 153. 173, 193, 197, 248, 
302, 329, 346, 350, 354, 355, 

356, 365, 368, 371, 372. 
Daniel, 280, 339. 

Col. Joshua, 57, 175, 203, 217, 

280, 312, 316. 317. 320. 342. 
.Moses, 452. 

Dawes, Col. , 169. 

Dean, Ebenezer, 272, 443. 

Deane, John, 145. 

Deer Island, 380. 

De Lesdernier, L. F.. 106, 107. 
117, 128, 399. 

Demmuck, Maj. , 448; sec 

also Dimock. 

Devons, Richard, commissary- 
general, 56, 392. 

Dickev, Capt. Alexander I 
89, 102. 112. 

Dimock ] Maj. Joseph. 

Dimmock I 149, 151, 448. 

Dimuck ) 
Let, 26, 27. 

Donnell, Thomas, 385. 

Donneson, "> Joseph. 272, 442. 

Donnison, ( 

Dorchester, 413. 



70, 
113, 



glas, 1 
Duglas, ( 

Robert, 3G4, 377, 3S2, 386. 
Downe. Lieut. William. 283, 286. 
Downer, ^ Dr. Elij)halet, surgeon, 
Downing. 1 57, 194, 270, 308, 346. 
Drew, Clark, 1(50. 

David, \^^0. 

llezekiah, 160. 

Isaac. 160. 

Solomon. 160. 

Zebulon, 160. 
Duglas, .see Douglas. 
Dunlop, Samuel, 402. 
Dunton, Joseph, 90. 
Durfee, Thomas, 432, 440. 
Durgin, E])rahim, 154. 

William, 155. 
Dyer, . 406. 

Henry. 402. 

Joseph, 160. 



Eaton. Jacob. 338. 

Edmonds, Capt. John. 156, 168, 

264. 
Edwards, Timothy, 104, 126, 137. 

432. 
Eldred, John, 61. 
Elexander, David, 402. 
Ellet. .lames, Jr., 402. 
Emery, Jeremiah, 385. 
England, 288, 367. 
English, the, 409; .see also British, 

the, 409. 
Erskin, William, 352, 362, 363. 
Essex County, 434, 436. 
Estaing, Charles Hector Theodat, 

Count de, 403, 420. 
Evans, Jonathan, 160. 
Ewing, Alexander, 402. 
Exeter, 55. 



Palls, the, Penobscot River, 290, 

315, 31C. 
Falmouth, Maine, 1, 3, 5, 10, 21, 
24, 26, 27, 37, 38, 40. 41. 43, 
46, 53, 55, 57. 58, 65, 60. 67, 
71, 73, 74, 82. 83. 85, 90, 91, 
95. 113. 127. 132. 133. 141. 
143. 144, 146, 157, 163, 233, 
250. 262. 336, 372, 384, 395, 
396, 401. 402, 426, 427, 439, 
444. 

First Parish, 93. 

Harbor, 59. 

Headquarters, 90, 149. 



INDEX 



457 



Falmouth, I\Iaine, cnntinued. 
Second Parish, 91, 92, 93. 94, 
95, 146. 
Falmouth, Mass., 149, 151, 167. 
168, 194, 195, 196, 301, 428, 
438. 
Farley, Maj. Gen. .Michael, 100, 
101, 146, 187, 190, 317, 319, 
360. 
Farnsworth, Capt. Isaac, 345. 
Farrar, Samuel, 447. 
Fellows, .John, 372. 
Fickett, Jonathan, 402. 
Fisher, .Jabez, 75, 115, 138, 143, 
148. 153. 172. 193, 197, 248, 
329, 346. 350. 354, 355, 436, 
437, 438. 
Fitch, Timothy, 418. 444. 445. 
Flinn, James, 116, 118. 
Fogg, Seth, 155. 
Fort Point, 29, 206, 210, 267, 274. 

303. 
Forts and Garrisons, 65, 66, 165, 

177, 183, 185. 
Forts at Bank's Island, 212, 244. 
251. 257. 264. 
at Camden, 39. 
at Castle Island, 87; .s-re also 

under Boston, 
at Cox's Heights, 131. 
at East River, 252. 
at Falmouth, 21, 59. 
at Machias, 110, 176, 177, 180, 

184, 363, 421. 
at Magabagaduce, 202, 425, 

433. 
at Penobscot, 186,187.188,189, 
191, 192, 199, 200, 202. 203. 
205. 209. 211, 212, 213, 214, 
219, 221, 227, 228, 229, 232, 
234, 236, 239, 244, 246. 250. 
251. 252, 253. 256. 257. 258. 
264. 265, 266, 273, 277, 279, 
282, 284, 285, 286. 287. 293, 
294, 295, 299, 303, 305. 307. 
313, 318, 325. 326. 327. 328. 
330. 343. 386, 400. 
at St. Johns, 182. 
Fort, Castle, the. 56. 69, 70, 87, 
193, 216. 302. 305. 
Cumberland. 430. 
Halifax, 57, 247, 249, 390. 
Howe. 412. 
Pownal. 4, 23, 61, 71, 214, 280, 

296, 297, 298, 308, 330. 
Western. 57, 62. 207, 306, 319, 
343. 
Fosdick, James, messenger, 2, 10. 
Foster, Col. , 177, 192. 



Foster, continued. 
Ezekel. 154. 
Nathaniel, 383. 
Thomas Wait. 396, 397, 432, 

433. 
Robert, 128, 176. 
— iah, 154. 
Fox Islands, 197. 202. 212. 246, 
257. 264, 283, 296, 313, 325, 
380, 382, 387, 424. 
John, 5. 
France, 13, 18, 19. 

the King of, 13. 119. 120. 

Francis, Col. , 141. 

Franklin, 272. 442, 443. 
Freeman, Col. Enoch, 21, 22, 53, 
54, 134, 151, 403, 448. 
Samuel. 1, 2, 5, 371. 
French, the, 397, 410. 
Frenchman's Bay, 106, 107, 110, 
180, 232, 363, 380, 400, 402, 
406. 
Frost, Brigadier John, 14. 15. 16, 

46, 168, 292. 
Frye, Joseph, 99, 368, 369. 

Joseph, Jr., 99, 369. 
Fryeburg, 95, 97, 99, 368, 369. 
Fuller, A., 75, 115, 126, 148, 153. 
172, 193, 197, 248, 302, 329, 
346, 350, 356, 361, 365, 368, 
371, 372, 373, 436, 437, 438, 
439, 443. 
Fullerton, John, 171. 

Furlong, Capt. , 433. 

Furnald, Joel, 393. 



Gardner, F., 126. 

H., 115, 138, 142, 143. 148. 153, 
172. 197, 302. 329, 346, 350, 
356, 361, 373, 439, 443. 
Henry, treasurer, 272, 382. 
Dr. Joseph, 130. 131, 137. 
Dr. Sylvester, 366. 367, 368. 
Gates, Gen. Horatio, 23, 24. 51, 
52, 58, 85, 119, 163, 164, 409, 
414, 416, 417. 
Georges, see St. Georges. 
Georgetown, 38, 50. 51, 57. 61, 

130, 131. 
Georgia, 337, 420. 

Gerrish, Col. , 146, 155, 374, 

432. 

Maj. , 145. 

Gerrv. E., 446. 

John. 1, 6, 11, 12. 
Getchel, Nehemiah, 357. 

Gibson, , constable, 171. 

Gigg, 30. 



458 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Gill. Moses, 75, 115, 126, 135, 137, 



138, 
193, 
356, 
373, 
443. 



142, 
197, 
361, 
404, 



143, 
302, 
365. 
436, 



148, 153, 

346, 351. 

3G8, 371, 

437. 438, 



172, 
355, 
372, 
439, 



Gillraan, [ 63, 103, 381. 

l)a\id, 424. 434. 
Ciili)atrick, Thomas. 155. 
Godfrey, Brig. Gen. , 280. 

Tliomas. 402. 
Goldsborough, 424; 

scr also Gouldsborough. 
Goldthwait, Heury, 388. 

Col. Thomas, 388, 389. 
Gocdale, Capt. Nathan, 2/', 102, 

103. 
Goodin, Nathaniel. 160. 
Goodman, Noah. 115, 126, 135, 
137. 138, 142, 143, 153, 172, 
193, 197, 248, 302, 329, 432, 

438, 440, 443. 

Goodwin, Capt. , of Berwick, 

295. 

Benjamin. 160. 

Benjamin, 3rd. 160. 

Col. Ichabod, 393. 

Mark. 160. 

Samuel. Jr., 61. 
Goold, Thomas. 160. 
Gooldsborough. 256; 

see also Gouldsborough. 
Gordon. Zebulon, 160, 161. 
Gorham, 145, 402. 

Col. , 430. 

William, 371. 
Gouldsborough ] 
f;nldsborough }■ 256, 406, 424. 
Gooldsborough J 
Gow. Col. Edward. 73. 

Grant. Capt. , 243. 

Grant's Mills. 218. 
Gray, 146, 402. 

Capt. , 216. 

Greeley, Jonathan, 395, 427, 439. 
Green, Col. . 150. 

Lieut. , 417. 

Thomas, 171. 
Greendall, Joshua, 383, 384. 
Greenland, 55. 
Greenleaf, Mr. . 37, 347, 403. 

Benjamin. 404, 436. 437, 438, 

439. 443. 
William, sheriff. 171. 

Grenlig— , Mr. . 21. 

Gregory, Capt. , 345. 

Gridley, Richard, 116. 
Scarboro, 116. 



G rover. Col. Edward, 73. 
Grows, Col. Edward, 425, 426, 
Guiiman, src Giluian. 



H 

Hacker, Capt. lloysted. 125, 168, 
192, 213, 227, 228. 232. 235, 
245, 251, 264, 290, 291, 299. 

Hacker's Island, 278, 303, 322, 
433. 

Half Way Rock, 16, 17. 

Halifax, 60, 288, 350, 351. 

Hall, Capt. . 268. 

Stephen, 5, 134, 145, 146, 371, 
427. 

Hallet. \ Capt. Allen, 76, 125, 168, 

Hellet, ; 203, 226, 233, 235, 236, 
320 395. 

Hallowe'll, 357, 360, 366. 
Benjamin, 435. 
Briggs. 366. 367. 368. 

Hampshire County. 164. 

Hampton Falls, 10. 

Hancock, John, 23, 37, 48, 86, 100, 
101, 104, 111, 115, 121, 124, 
126, 134. 135. 137, 138, 142, 
143, 146, 147, 151, 153, 167, 
169, 170, 172, 173, 193, 197, 
248, 249. 280. 302. 329, 339, 
346, 350, 354, 355, 356, 357, 
361, 365, 368, 369, 370, 371, 
372, 373, 374, 375, 376, 404. 
421, 432, 436, 437, 438, 439, 
440, 443, 444, 448. 

Hanifon, Gilbert, 366. 

Harding, Capt. Joseph, 193. 

Harpswell, 133, 146, 402. 

Harris, Capt. Samuel, 444. 

Hatch. Capt. Lemuel, 425. 
.Mark, 383. 

Haverhill, 55. 

Hawes, Joseph, 272, 442. 

Hebbend, Daniel, 160. 

Helliot, see Hallet. 

Henderson, Joseph. 54, 60, 89, 
112. 

Herbert, Dr. John, .see Wobert, 
Dr. John. 

Herrings, 79. 

Hile, Maj. 

Hill, \ Maj. 

Hills, ; 

Gen. .Jeremiah, 63, 64, 125, 168, 
262, 269, 270, 331, 332. 

Stephen, 8, 9. 20, 21, 45, 67. 
Hobert. \ Dr. John, 168, 169, 270, 
Herbert f 271. 
Hodgdon, John, 155. 



INDEX 



459 



Holmes, .Maj. , 48. 

Capt. Alexander, 125, 156, 168, 
203, 235, 245, 253, 254, 255, 
267, 290, 299, 320, 395, 431. 
Holton, S., 47, 403, 446. 
Hooper, George, 160. 

George, Jr., 160. 

Trustrum, 160. 
Horse Neck, 150. 
Howard, Lieut. Col. , 276. 

Samuel, 338. 

Howes, , 55. 

Hupper, George, 161. 
Hutchins, Charles, 112, 126. 
H , Richard, 402. 

I 

Ilsley, ]\Iaj. Daniel, 145. 

Indian Country, 64. 
Route, 300. 

Indians, 12, 13, 35, 36, 57, 58, 62, 
63, 66, 78, 84, 103, 104, 105, 
106, 107, 108, 109, 111, 117, 
118, 121, 128, 136, 162, 180, 
181, 182, 183, 185, 192, 202, 
207, 247, 248, 249, 269, 300, 
308, 325, 348, 349, 397, 398, 
399, 409, 410, 411, 412, 413, 
419, 421, 428, 429, 430, 440, 
441, 442. 
.see also under tribal names. 
Eastern, 120, 127, 135, 136. 

Ingraham, Capt. Joseph, 71, 82, 
252, 346, 347. 

Ipswich, 9. 

I., B., .see Johnson, E., pres. pro. 
tern. 



Jackson, Col. Henry T., 7, 9, 15, 
17, 23, 24, 25, 33, 37, 38, 40, 
41, 44, 45, 46, 47, 51, 52, 53, 
64, 67, 79, 83, 85, 133, 134, 
163. 

Jacobs, Col. , 164. 

Jay, John, 72, 158, 159. 
Jepson, John, 170, 171. 
Johnson, E., pres., pro. tem, 41, 
45. 
Capt. James, 168, 407. 
Capt. Robt, 125. 
Johnston, Capt. James, 231, 233, 

264. 
Jones, Ichabod, 425, 440. 
John Coffin, 434, 435, 436. 
Col. Nathan, 256, 406, 424, 425, 

440. 
Stephen, 420. 



J., E., .see Johnson, E., pres., pro. 
tem. 



Kennebec, 13, 30, 32, 36, 39, 55, 
58, 63, 210, 241, 242, 268, 269, 
300, 311, 387, 397. 
Long Beach, 60, 83. 
River, 39, 44, 62, 65, 66, 84, 85, 
88, 131, 162, 174, 207, 210, 
211, 223, 241, 311, 319, 356, 
391, 392. 
River, Truck House, 392. 
Kennebunk, 55. 
Kennedy, John, 171. 
Wm., 419. 

Kerr, Capt. , 27, 102, 103. 

Kilburn, Capt. John, 40, 41, 44, 
58. 

Kimball, , of Kennebunk, 55. 

David, 160. 
Richard, 99. 
King's Bridge, 102. 
Kingston, 55, 347, 395. 
Kittery, 14, 40, 46, 423. 
Kithchart, f see Cathcart. 
Kittchart, \ 
Knight, William, 402. 
Krime, Joseph, 423. 



LaFayette, :\Iarie J. P. R. Y. G., 
.Marquis de, 119. 

Laha, Capt. Samuel, 46, 47. 

Lampheer, 

Stephen, 364, 365, 
378, 382, 383. 



William, 404, 405. 



Lamphen, 
Lam[)her, 
Lamphier, 
Larmond, 
Lermond, 
Larrabee, Benjamin, 145. 

Maj. Nathaniel, 81, 145, 328. 
Larrance, 149, 150. 

Lee, Col. , 17. 

Maj. , 47. 

Lemotte, IMr. , 409, 410. 

Leonard, Capt. George, 127, 149. 
Lewis, John, 49, 145, 371. 

William, 393. 
Limerick, 153, 154. 
Lincoln, 446, 447. 

Capt. , 217, 221, 222, 305, 

306. 
County, 26, 38, 49, 50, 53, 85. 
116, 129, 166, 173, 263, 333, 
334, 335, 336, 337, 346, 350, 
355, 356, 361, 365, 366, 367, 
36S, 382, 402, 404, 405, 418, 
423, 424, 433, 449. 



460 



DOCLMEXTAKY IIISTOUY 



Lineton, Capt. , 341. 

Liiiscut, Josoph, 402. 

Lisgow. I .Maj. William. Jr. 3!), 

Llthgow, \ 53, 55. 125. 120, 130. 

131. 133, 168. 320. 31G, 349, 

386, 389, 390, 40."., 414. 418. 

Little. Capt. , of the Pigeon, 

309, 344. 

Maj. , 374. 

Mr. , 310. 

Little Cambridge, 395. 
Falls. 160, 161. 
Lieut. George, 32, 168. 236, 242, 

298, 308, 309, 310, 311. 
.M., 319. 

Col. Moses, 86, 100, 101, 125, 
187, 190, 317, 319. 360, 432. 

Littlefield, , of W.ells. 55. 

Capt. , his vessel seized, 

181, 182, 348, 349, 398, 409. 
Maj. Daniel. 325. 
Lock, Caleb, 160. 
London, 367. 
Lnni? Beach, 60, 83. 
Long Island, 212, 227, 233. 245, 
254, 289. 
Head. 238. 

Pendleton Harbor. 231. 
Long, Capt. John. 116, 117. 118, 

416. 
Lord. Ammin, 154. 
James. 160. 
Samuel. 160. 
Loring. Seth, 42. 

Lovejoy. . 347. 

Capt. , 155. 

Abiel, 357. 
Lovell, James, 446. 

Brig. Gen. Solomon, 3. 4. 5. 6. 
7, 8, 12, 14. 15. 16, 23, 24, 25. 
26, 28. 29. 32, 33, 34, 38, 40. 
44. 45. 46, 49. 50, 52. 57. 58, 
59, 61. 63, 64, 66, 68, 69, 71, 
72. 75, 79. 80, 84. 86. 87. 90, 
105, 106, 107. 125, 130, 133, 
162. 163. 168, 185. 186, 188, 
189, 190. 200. 201. 202. 204, 
205, 206, 211, 214, 216. 217. 
218, 219. 220. 222. 224. 229, 
235, 236. 238. 239. 240. 241. 
242. 243. 246, 255. 262, 263. 
266. 269, 272. 273, 277. 279, 
282, 285. 291. 292, 298, 300, 
301. 302. 303. 305, 307, 308, 
318, 319. 321, 322. 324. 327. 
331. 339. 341. 358, 359. 369, 
373, 378, 408. 



Lovett. Capt. 
32. 



messenger. 



Lowdcr, { Col. , 100, 397. 

Lowlher. \ ..nin^ 

Lucas, John. 59, 71, 83. 
Lunier. Capt. , 397, 398. 

M 

.McCobb, Col. Samuel, 125, 168, 
261, 265, 266, 269, 276, 285, 
326, 338, 357. 360. 
.McUonnold, Lauchlin, 364. 378, 
382, 383. 
Roderick, 364, 365, 377, 382. 
383. 
.McKcchnie, John, 357. 
Mclntyre, Lieut. Andrew, 223, 

304, 306. 
McClane, ] Gen. Francis, 84, 
McCleane, I 85, 182, 256, 288, 
.McLean, ]■ 386, 387, 389, 414. 
.McLain, J 

.McFarland, Capt. , 407. 

McLellan, Capt. Alex, 145. 
Capt. Joseph, commissary, 90, 
426. 
.Machias, 13, 36, 104, 105, 107, 116. 
117, 121, 122, 136, 147, 148, 
176, 177, 408, 419, 421, 429, 
430, 440. 
River, 180, 184. 

Truck House, 118, 121, 122, 

147, 176. 

.Magabagaduce, 1 12, 25, 28, 61, 

Majabigwaduce, 64, 66, 75, 79, 

.Majorbagaduce, 80. 105, 114, 

.Mayabagaduce, 138, 173, 182, 

Bagadouce. I 186, 192, 193, 

Bagodoose, 198, 202, 208, 

Bigwaduce, 225, 233, 234, 

Bragaduce. J 236, 251, 253, 

257, 264, 272, 284, 293, 297. 

313, 319, 320, 325, 332, 339, 

380, 383, 384, 386, 389, 390, 

391, 407, 408, 425, 433, 441, 

448. 

Bluff. 284. 

Harbor, 212, 213, 214, 231, 235, 

237, 267, 313, 314, 325. 
Head, 325. 
Headquarters, 2. 
Heights. 28, 186, 200, 202, 203, 
208, 218. 234, 265, 273, 282, 
294. 303. 307, 314, 318, 341. 
Hospital, 408. 
Xcck. 264, 307. 
Peninsular, 264, 267. 
Point, 33, 244. 

River, 76, 81, 251. 256, 258, 284, 
293, 307, 308, 441. 



INDEX 



461 



Elaine, Province of, 395. 
.Majabigwaduce, 

■see iMagabagaduce. 
Majorbagaduce, 

see Magabagaduce. 
Marblehead, 1, 6, 12, 16, 17. 

Marett, Capt. , 221. 

Lieut. Ph., 208. 
.Marsh Bay, 239. 

.Marston, Mr. , 222. 

.Jno., 80. 
Martin, Charles, 117, 118. 

Mascran, Maj. , 102. 

Massachusetts Bay, 68, 69, 3 
State of, 14, 16, 25, 26, 32 
34, 37, 38, 46, 47, 48, 49 
54, 56, 60, 68, 69, 70, 71 
74, 75, 86, 88, 89, 90, 91 
99, 100, 102, 112, 113, 



124, 125, 127, 129 

135, 137, 138, 139 

147, 152, 153, 155 

159, 161, 166, 168 

173, 175, 176, 192 

249, 261, 272, 301 

333, 345, 346, 347 

354, 355, 356, 362 

369, 370, 372, 374 

379, 380, 381, 382 

385, 392, 395, 401 

405, 407, 415, 417 

424, 427, 428, 433 

436, 437, 438, 442 

445, 446. 



130, 
143, 
157, 
171, 

194, 
329, 
349, 
366, 
377, 
383, 
402, 
418, 
434, 
443, 



62. 
. 33, 
, 50, 
, 73, 
, 95, 
116, 
133, 
146, 
158, 
172, 
247, 
331, 
353, 
368, 
378, 
384, 
404, 
423, 
435, 
444, 



Mast Ground, the, 75. 
Mayabagaduce, 

■see :Magabagaduce. 
Mayberry, Capt. Richard, 145. 
Mead, .Jonathan, 447. 
Medford, 55. 
Medicine Chest, the. 168, 169, 

270, 271. 
Maggs, ( .Jabez, commissary, 249, 
Meigs, \ 2.')0, 301, 428. 
Meresereau, Maj. — , 27, 28. 
Merrill, Lieut. Col. , 145. 

Maj. James, 144. 

Nathan, 402. 
Merryman, Thomas, 402. 
Merrymeeting Bay, 408. 
Mickmacks, ) 109, 431. 
Micmacs, ) 

Country, 182. 
Middlesex County, 396, 397, 418, 

437, 444, 447. 
Miles, James, 155. 
Mills. Eligood, 155. 

Minch, Maj. , 387. 

Mitchell, Capt. , 264. 



Mitchell, coiitiinir(J. 
Capt. Daniel, 48, 49, 113, 114, 

172, 173. 
Col. Jonathan, 44, 58, 74, 75, 
125, 133. 145, 168, 191, 204, 
243, 262, 265, 266, 268, 275, 
300, 309, 318, 326, 448. 
:\Iilton, Daniel. 355. 
;Monhegan. Island of. 2. 
Moody, Nat. Green, 95. 
Morris, Capt. James, 331. 
Capt. Samuel, 201. 

Morton, Mr. , 151. 

James, 79. 
Moulton, Daniel, 145. 
Mount Desert, 106, 110, 363, 380. 
Munroe, Benj., 447. 

IMurray, Mr. , messenger, 3. 

Rev. John. 43, 44, 57, 64, 231, 
324, 325. 



N 



Nantasket, 12, 243, 283, 287. 
Harbor, 15. 
Light House, 312. 
Roads, 11, 233, 272, 273, 287, 

302, 312, 324. 
Nantucket, 151, 

Roads, 422. 
Naraquaquo, 110. 
Narragansett Shore, 150. 
Narraguary, 421. 
Narrowguegus, 176. 
Nash, .John, 402. 
Naskeigh, 106, 107. 
Navy Board Eastern Depart- 
ment, 60, 395, 396. 
Nebon, James, 442, 443. 
Nesh'quonoit, 182. 
Nevens, Lieut. James, 395. 

John, 402. 
New England, 153, 159, 447. 
New Gloucester, 145. 
New Hampshire, 42, 214, 355, 

427. 
New Jersey, 47, 48, 403, 408. 
New I\Ieadows River, 65. 
New York, City, 2, 5, 70, 79, 80, 

102, 103, 157, 165, 262, 288, 

417. 
State, 56, 102, 103. 119, 164. 
Newburyport, 8, 20, 21, 24, 42, 45, 

135, 147, 148, 156, 346, 434. 
Long Wharf, 8. 
Newcomb, Capt. I.,ieut. Thomas, 

218. 221, 330, 341, 343, 344. 
Newport, 417. 



402 



DOCUMENTARY IIISTOKY 



Xidiols. Mr. , 338. 

("apt. Lieut. Peter, 331. 

Nifhulson, Sam., 156. 

Xickerson, Elishabet, 89. 
Paul, SO. 

Niles, Sanil.. 75, 115, 126, 137, 
138, 142, 143, 148, 153. 172, 
193, 248, 271, 329, 346, 350, 
355, 361, 365, 368, 371. 372, 
373, 432, 436, 437. 4:19. 

North River, 52. 

North Yarmouth. 49. 74. 113. 114. 
145. 172. 448. 

Norwalk. 150. 

Noslieag. 380. 

Nova Scotia. 21, 69. 72. 109. 118. 
119. 136. 180. 181. 182. 184, 
347, 348, 349, 398, 409, 411, 
412, 441. 
Governor of. 182. 

Noyes, Joseph. 384. 
Josiah, 157. 158. 

Noves. Peter, 144. 

Nutter, Thomas, 112, 126, 383, 
384. 



Oak Point, 309. 
Oaknian, Samuel, 338. 

O'Brien, Capt. , 441. 

Orne, Col. Azor, 17. 
Orr, Col. Hugh, 351. 

Orsoneau, Mons. , 442, 443. 

Osgood, Maj. Samuel, 100, 101, 

187, 317, 319, 360, 374, 432. 
Otis, James, 367. 
Joseph, 168. 



Pane, .John. Jr., 380. 

Paret, , 406. 

Parker, Capt. , of the Rover, 

212, 251, 289. 

Lieut. Benjamin, Jr., 399. 

Enoch, 160. 

Solo., 357. 

Parks, , constable, 171. 

Parsons, William, 401. 

Partridge, Mr. , 47. 

Passadunikee, Camp at, 35. 
Passamaquodv, 104, 105. 180. 181. 
348. 349. 411. 412. 440. 

Indians. 105. 412. 
Passamy. 409. 
Patrick. Joseph. 256, 257. 
Pattangill, Daniel, 402. 
Paxton, Charles, 367. 



Peabody, Oliver, 170, 215. 230. 
233, 236, 242. 243. 246, 255, 
257, 261, 269. 270. 272. 278, 
279. 281. 283. 286. 292. 300, 
301, 304, 307, 312, 316, 317, 
321, 324, 329, 331, 341, 343, 
344, 395, 397, 431. 
Pearson Town, 145, 146. 
Peirce, Abijah, 446, 447. 

Daniel, 395. 
Peinaquid, 61. 
Peiulleton Harbor. 231. 
Penet, S. P., 18, 19. 
Penobscot, 2, 5, 6, 8, 10, 11 
15, 16, 17, 21, 23, 24, 25 
33, 41, 42, 45, 46, 49, 54 
56, 57, 63, 64, 67, 72, 79 
85, 87, 90, 104, 105, 106, 
124, 125. 126, 130, 132, 
137. 138 139. 147. 158, 
163, 174, 178, 179. 183. 
185. 186. 193. 197. 216. 
233. 236, 243, 256. 257. 
262. 264. 270. 287. 288, 
304. 321, 325, 335, 341, 
348. 351. 354. 364. 365, 
378, 380, 381, 382, 383, 
386, 390, 391, 397, 398, 
405, 406, 414, 416, 417, 
433, 450. 
Bay, 77, 129, 202, 206, 212, 
233, 234, 250, 257, 283, 
289, 303, 308, 316. 
Carrying Place, 397. 
East Channel, 289. 
Penobscot Expedition, 21, 42 
48, 49, 64, 65, 71, 72, 75 
87, 88, 89, 99, 100, 101, 
109, 125, 129, 133, 139. 
142. 152, 158, 159. 162, 
168, 169. 170. 171. 173. 
178, 197, 208, 215, 217. 
224, 226. 257. 260. 262, 
270. 272, 277, 282. 292. 
322. 324, 330. 331. 332, 
341. 351. 352, 354. 358, 
362, 369. 370, 374, 375, 
378, 391, 393, 394, 395, 
403, 415, 418, 424, 431, 
433, 435, 436, 444, 445, 
448. 
Falls, 290, 315, 316. 
Fox Islands, 197, 202, 212, 
257, 264, 283, 296, 313, 
380, 382, 387, 424. 
Harbor, 288. 
Hospital, 408. 
Indians, 63, 103, 104, 119, 
121. 135, 147, 182, 185, 



14. 

31, 

55. 

80. 
112. 
133, 
161, 
184, 
225, 
261. 
295, 
343, 
366. 
384. 
400, 
419, 

231, 

287. 



, 43, 
86, 
104, 
140, 
166, 
175, 
222, 
263, 
312, 
334. 
359, 
376, 
396. 
432, 
447. 



246, 
325. 



120, 
247. 



INDEX 



463 



Indians, roiiliniied. 

249, 373, 378, 381. 
Indian Settlement, 12, 62, 63. 
Marsh, 295. 
Marsh Bay, 35, 309. 
Narrows, the, 29, 71, 238, 254, 
274, 275, 276, 280, 281, 308, 
310, 314, 315, 317. 
Peninsular, 206, 231, 273, 293, 

295. 
River, 4, 6, 23, 28, 29, 30, 32, 
61, 62, 71, 72, 77, 78, 79, 80, 
88, 105, 108, 114, 182, 190, 198, 
199, 201, 206, 207, 208, 210, 
211, 212, 217, 218, 219, 220, 
221, 223, 225, 228, 234, 238, 
239, 240, 241, 242, 243, 244, 
245, 251, 252, 253, 254, 255, 
257, 259, 260, 267, 268, 269, 
273, 274, 275, 276, 279, 280, 
281, 284, 286, 289, 290, 293, 
294, 295, 296, 297, 298, 299, 
300, 303, 304, 305, 306, 308, 
309, 310, 311, 312, 314, 315, 
316, 318, 319, 320, 322, 329, 
330, 339, 340, 343, 344, 347, 
350, 386, 387, 388, 389, 390, 
397, 415, 418, 448. 
Sandy Point, 61, 298, 386, 387. 
Truck House, 398. 
Wescott's Point, 191. 
West Channel, 289. 
Perkins, Daniel, 112, 126, 383, 
384. 
James, 38. 
John, 383. 

Joseph, 112, 126, 381. 
Sparks, 112, 126. 
Stover, 112, 126. 

Perry, Capt. , 280. 

George, 155. 
James, 155. 
.Tohn, 154. 
John, Jr., 154. 
Samuel, 150. 
Philadelphia, 18, 36, 47, 403, 408, 

428, 445. 
Phillip, Ira, 79. 

Phillips, Lieut Nicholas, 218, 220, 
221, 330, 331, 341, 342, 343, 
344. 
Phinney, Edward, 402. 
Pickering, John, speaker, 75. 
Pigwacket County, 97. 

Pike, Col. , 145. 

Pinell, Stephen, 402. 

Piper, Mr. , 21, 45. 

Piscataqua, 43, 211. 
Board of War, 212. 



Pitts, John, 37, 75, 126, 135, 137, 
138, 142, 143, 148, 153, 172, 
193, 197, 248, 302, 354, 355, 
361, 365, 368. 371, 372, 432, 
438, 439, 443, 448. 

Plummer, Capt. , 268. 

Porter, Col. , 82. 

Mr. , 200. 

Portsmouth, 14, 24, 37, 38, 40, 43, 
46, 55, 58, 59, 90, 112, 163, 
242, 273, 324, 444. 
Board of War, 46. 
Harbor, 24. 
Pote, Capt. Greenfield, 1, 2, 5. 
Potter, Ezekiel, 357. 
Powell, Jeremiah, president 1, 2, 
6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 17, 21, 24, 
37, 38, 42, 43, 46, 51, 52, 53, 
54, 57, 59, 63, 64, 66, 67, 70, 
72, 75, 111, 115, 126, 135, 137, 
138, 139, 142, 143, 148, 152, 
153, 172, 185, 195, 197, 248, 
302, 329, 346, 350, 354, 355, 
356, 361, 365, 368, 371, 372, 
373 392 432. 
Pownalborough, 38, 60, 61, 390, 

406, 423, 424, 434. 
Preble, Jedediah, 75, 390. 

Capt. John, 36, 110, 128, 180, 

363, 364, 441. 
Nath. H., 379, 380. 

Prescott. Col , 103, 360, 374, 

432. 
B. G., 319. 
C ''19 

Janres,' 100, 101, 187, 190, 317. 
O., 115, 143, 193. 302, 329, 346, 

361, 439. 
Oliver, 86, 121, 135, 138, 142, 
147, 354, 355, 356, 361, 365, 
368, 370, 371, 372, 373, 437. 
Prince, Amos, 48, 114. 
Pronopscut, see Penobscot. 
Providence, 51, 409. 
Provincetown, 195. 

Putnam, Col. , 102. 

Brig. Gen. Rufus, 27, 28. 
P., J., P., f:er Powell, Jeremiah, 

president. 
P— , S— , 376. 



Quakers, the, 250. 



Randell, Stephen, 402. 

Raynes, Lieut. Nathaniel, 72, 73. 



404 



DOCr M KN TAK Y Jl ISTORY 



Reading, 374. 

Rockord, Nathaniel, 154. 

Rtdd.v. James. 402. 

Reed, Col. , :5:;8. 

Reed, Mr. , pilot, li;50. 

Paul, 173. 175. 

Revere, Lieut. Col. Paul, 4G, .^.1, 
65, 87, 125. 168, 1!)1, 201. 207. 
208, 209, 210, 211, 215, 224, 
228. 239, 261, 270. 271. 272, 
275, 278, 279, 281, 282, 283, 
300, 301, 302. 304. 305. 306. 
307. 309, 319. 321, 322, 323, 
330, 339. 340. 341. 342. 343, 
344, 375, 376, 395, 397, 431, 
433, 447. 448. 

Rhode Island. 127. 149. 164, 272. 
Expedition, the, 446. 447. 

Rice, .Maj. .John. SO. 116. 
Thomas, 424. 434. 

Riggs, , of Falmouth, 55. 

Robins. Mr. . 345. 

Robinson. Levi. 357. 

Rogers, , 413. 

Maj. 132. 

Rositer, Col. , 372, 373. 

Ross. Adam. 160. 

('apt. Alexander. 125, 168. 309. 

Rutland. 27. 102. 

Rye Beach, 243. 



Sabasticook, .sec Scbasticook. 
Saco, 55. 

River, 159, 160. 
St. Aubin, Arabroise. an Indian, 

399, 409. 
St. Croix River, 428, 429. 
St. Georges, 30, 64, 84, 184, 269, 

388, 449. 
St. Johns, 104, 109, 117, 118. 185. 

397, 399, 400, 413, 429. 
Indians, 122, 182, 185, 397, 400, 

430. 
River, 109. 136, 182, 184, 399, 

430. 
St. Lawrence River, 397. 
Salem. 37. 136, 151. 156. 289, 

324. 
Salmon fishery, the 79, 80. 
Salter. Capt. Richard, 125. 

Capt. Titus, 54, 168, 211. 214, 

215. 273. 296. 

Salteston, Capt. . 307. 310. 

Saltonstall, Commodore Dudley. 

76, 125, 155, 156, 168, 187, 

191, 197, 201, 202, 204, 205, 

231, 236, 287, 433. 



Capt, 



173, 345. 



240. 
101, 



138, 
432, 



Samson, 

Samj)son, 

Sandwich, 150. 

Sandy Point, 61, 298. 386, 387. 

San ford, 423. 

Sangster, Peter, 89. 

Saratoga, 26. 129. 

Sargent. Josei)h, 351. 

Savage. Samuel C, prest., 83. 

Samuel Phijjs. i)rest. 83, 353, 
■116, 417, 418, 419. 
Savannah, 417. 
Scarborough, 116, 145. 
Schuyler. Gen. Philip. 119. 
Scbasticook River, 57. 247. 
Sever. ) William. 70. 100. 
Severs. \ 126. 135, 137, 432. 
Sewall. Daniel, 385. 

Dnnimer, 355. 

Jonathan, 435. 

Shapleigh, .Maj. , 393. 

Shaw, :\lr. . 412. 

Shcepscot River. 39. 64, 65, 85, 
Shiverick, Nathaniel, 27. 

Simons, Col. , 372, 373. 

Simpson, J., 126, 135, 137, 
142, 143, 148, 153, 172, 
4.16, 437. 438. 439, 443. 

Joseph, Judge, 385. 

Singlctary. Mr. , 440. 

Skillings, John, 20. 
Small Point, 9, 65. 
Smith. . Esq.. 113. 

.Mr. -. 440. 

Edward. 160, 364, 377, 382. 386. 

Jedidiah, 160. 

John, of Little Falls, 160. 161. 

Nicholas. 385. 

Simon, 386. 

Cai)t. Stephen, truckmaster at 
Machias. 116. 117. 136. 176. 
376. 377, 380. 

Thomas, 447. 
Snow. Richard, 383. 384. 
Somes. Cai)t. John. 177. 
Sonadabscock, 78. 
South Bay. 307. 
Souther, Capt. Daniel, 125, 
Si)eakman, Capt. Gilbert 
commissary. 302. 304. 
322 323 444. 
Spear, Poole, constable. 171. 
Spooner, Walter, 75, 126, 

365, 368. 371, 372, 436, 437, 
438, 439, 443. 
Stanwood, Samuel. 402. 

William, to be a major. 145. 
Staples, Carrell. 154. 
Stillman, Maj. George, 106. 



168, 
W., 
321, 



361, 



INDEX 



465 



Stimson, Joseph, 154. 

Stoddard, Capt. Israel. 127. 

Stone, Josiah, 115, 193, 197, 248, 
280, 302, 329, 339, 346, 350, 
355, 356, 361, 365, 368, 371, 
372, 373, 432, 436, 437, 439. 

Sualle, John, 421. 

Suffolk County, 166, 170, 171, 
270, 333, 382, 394. 

Sullivan, Daniel, 380. 

Sweat, Capt. , 79. 

Swift, Moses, 27. 

Sykes, Richard, 261, 262. 

S., S. P., sec Savage, Samuel 
Phips, prest. 

T 

Tarkson, F. H., 57. 59. 
Taylor, Ezra. 424, 434, 452. 
Thanksgiving Day, 403. 

Thatcher, Col. , 155. 280, 374. 

Thayer, Lieut. Ebenr., 393, 394. 
Thomas, David, 357. 
Thomas, John, 364, 377, 382, 386. 
Capt. Thomas, of the Ven- 
geance, 125, 156, 168, 207, 
228, 239, 241, 242, 253, 310, 
311. 
Col. Waterman, 192. 193, 307, 
312, 338, 345. 
Thomaston, 28. 
Thompson, Oliver, 138, 139. 
Brig. Gen. Samuel, 133, 134, 
168, 262, 263, 401. 
Thoms, John, 364, see also 

Thomas, John. 
Thorndike, Israel, 378, 379. 

Joshua, 383, 384. 
Thwing, Nathaniel, 424, 434. 
Tileston, Onesiphorus. 383. 
Titcomb, Benjamin, 134, 137, 141. 
Brig. Gen. Jonathan, 24, 42. 
43, 100, 101, 103, 137, 151, 
187, 190, 317, 319, 360. 
Moses, clerk, 146. 

Todd, Capt. , 216, 217, 222. 

William, 373. 

Brig. Maj. William, 14, 57, 62, 
63. 86, 87, 90. 103, 125, 130, 
168, 228, 238, 292, 300, 301, 
322, 323. 
Tories, the, 348, 391. 
Townsend, 7, 8, 9, 10, 24, 30, 32, 
34, 40, 43, 58, 64. 65, 85, 131, 
163, 173, 174, 186, 192, 201, 
211, 225, 233, 250, 257, 262, 
263, 273, 283, 287, 293, 302. 
312, 324, 325. 
Harbor, 85. 243. 
Headquarters, 64, 75, 84. 



Trumbull, Gov. Jonathan, 163, 
164, 165. 

Truro, 195. 

Tudor, Mr. , 169. 

Tupper, William, 117, 118. 

Tyler, Col. , Quartermaster 

General, 125, 164, 168, 268, 
276, 277, 317, 326, 332. 

Tyng, William, 157. 



U 



Ulmer, Capt. Philip, 269, 390, 414, 

415. 
TTnion River, 108, 110, 180, 380. 
United American States, / 25, 26, 
United States, \ 48,71, 

72, 95, 128. 155, 165, 166, 183, 

270, 362, 379, 383, 394, 403, 

409, 443. 
Congress, 164, 169, 337, 360, 

398. 403, 411, 442, 445. 
Board of War, 36. 



Valnais, Mens., 184, 185, 410. 

Vassalboro, 357, 360. 

Vernon, William, 70, 395, 396, 

422, 428. 
Vessels, Abigail, the, 140. 

Active, the, 4, 198, 231, 236, 
245, 254, 289, 325. 

Albany, the, 75, 79, 80, 389. 

Alice, the, 183. 

Allen, the, 141. 

Black Prince, the, 140, 188, 201, 

228, 229, 241, 242, 245, 291, 
299, 310, 311, 324, 378. 

Blond, the, 30, 201, 256, 288. 
Bow Galley, the, 252. 
Briggs, the, 212. 
Erittania, the. 140. 
Bethaiah, the, 140. 
Buckram Schooner, the, 105. 
Camden, the, 71. 
Castle Barge, the, 88. 
Centurion, the, 140. 
Charlotte, the, 150. 
Charming Sally, the, 140, 354, 

362, 363. 395. 
Commodore, the, 197, 225, 226, 

229, 244, 250, 251, 253, 254. 
259, 284, 288, 289, 290, 298, 
308, 309, 310, 315. 

Courier D'Europe, La, 18, 19. 
Deane, the, 155. 
Defence, the, 140, 156, 198, 212, 
225, 244, 378. 



80 



466 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Vessels, continued. 

Deliance. the, 48, 49, 113, 114, 

140. 173. 
Diligence, the, 4, 76, 228, 234, 

24,"., 2o0, 291, 324. 
Dolphin, the, 140. 
Fancy, the. 40, 41, 44. 
Fanny, the. 58. 
Fortune, the, 140. 
Garth, the, 150, 151. 
General Gates, the, 70. 
General Leslie, the, 127, 150. 
Greens, the, 150. 
General Putnam, 262, see also 

Putnam, the. 
Hanulen, the, 14. 29. 55, 211, 

212. 214, 237, 243, 252, 253, 

273, 274, 2S5. 298. 324. 
Hannah, the. 79, 140. 193. 312. 
Hazard, the, 29, 32, 125, 192, 197, 

198, 199, 200, 201, 204, 208, 
227, 229. 233, 236, 238, 239, 
242, 243. 245, 255. 269, 291, 

297, 298, 311, 312, 315, 324, 
325, 327, 331, 395. 

Hector, the. 140. 189, 201, 228, 
229. 241, 245, 299, 310, 311, 
324. 

Hope, the, 283. 288. 

Howe, the, 182. 

Hunter, the. 29, 71. 140, 188, 

274, 298. 324. 
Industry, the, 140. 
Job, the. 140. 

Leslie, the, 150; see also General 

Leslie, the. 
Lincoln Galley, the, 71. 
Manter, the, 352. 
Monmouth, the. 140. 201. 228. 

240, 245. 291. 304, 309. 
Nancy, the. 140. 
Nautilus, the, 75, 76, 387. 389. 
Neshquowoit. the, 105, 108, 430. 
North, the, 76. 
Ordnance Brig, the, 206, 209, 

255, 273, 275, 276, 281. 290, 

298. 302. 304. 309, 312, 323, 
340, 433. 

Pallas, the, 72. 198, 212, 233. 

244. 
Parquet, the, 69. 
PldgeoD, the, 140, 239, 243. 309. 

340. 
Polly, the, 60. 79. S3. 407. 
Pranger, the, 69. 
Preston, the, 150. 
Protector, the. 347. 
Providence, the, 69, 198, 212, 

225, 228, 231, 233, 244, 245. 



Vessels, cuntinued. 
Prudence, the, 127. 
Putnam, the. 140, 200, 208, 214, 

227, 235, 252, 253, 262, 282, 
283, 285, 310. 312, 324 

see also. General Putnam, the. 
Queen of France, the, 69. 
Race Horse, the. 140. 
Rachel, the, 141. 
Reasonable, the, 30, 262. 
Renown, the, 9, 10. 
Resolution, the, 350. 
Restoration, the, 127, 150. 
Revenge, the. 362. 
Rising Kmpire. the, 60. 
Rover, the, 289. 
Safety, the, 140, 341, 343. 
Sally, the, 140, 198, 228, 233, 

236, 245, 297, 325, 332. 
Samuel, the, 140, 208, 280, 281, 

304, 330. 
Santilena, the, 76. 
Sky Rocket, the, 29, 140, 208, 

235, 254, 298. 324. 
Sparrow, the, 140. 
State Prison Ship, the, 347, 

383. 386. 
State Yatch, the, 302. 
Success, the, 79. 
Sunimersett. the, 28. 
Terrible, the. 1, 11. 15, 17. 
Tyranicide, the, 197, 225, 228, 

233, 236. 242, 245, 246, 286, 

312, 324, 393, 394, 395. 
ITnion, the, 26. 
Unity, the, 140. 
Vengeance, the, 140, 207. 220, 

228. 235, 241, 245, 253, 254. 
255. 290. 310, 312, 324, 342, 
344. 

Wallace, the, 225. 
Warren, the. 125, 188. 191, 200, 
202. 205, 212, 221. 222. 225, 
226. 227. 231. 234, 239, 240. 
241. 246, 252, 253, 289, 290, 
291, 207. 307, 309, 310, 312, 
324, 326, 432. 
Welcome, the, 416. 
Vigne, M. Coulaux la. 18, 19. 
Vineyard, the, 149. 150. 
Vinevard Sound, the, 113, 149, 

194. 196. 
Vose, Capt. , 58. 

W 

Wadlin, Moses. 160. 

William, 160. 
Wadsworth, Gen. Peleg. 14. 28. 
32. 44, 57, 63, 64, 72, 78, 81, 



INDEX 



4g: 



Wadsworth, continued. 

82, 85, 88, 125, 132, 133, 166, 
168, 191, 201, 202, 204, 206, 
209, 210, 211, 217, 220, 221, 
232, 252, 253, 258, 265, 268, 
269, 272, 277, 282, 285, 294, 
297, 298, 300, 301, 308, 318, 
325, 327, 342, 343, 359, 404, 
448. 

Waggagaridawoia River, 428. 

Waite, John, 141, 355. 

Wakefield, Israel, 160. 

Wales, Capt. , 37, 86, 403. 

Walker, Isaac, 99. 
Mioah, 402. 

Walles, Capt. Joseph, 421. 

Ward, Col. , 28. 

Ward, Gen. Artemas, 75, 100, 101, 
115, 126, 135, 137, 138, 142, 
143, 148, 153, 172, 187, 190, 
193, 197, 216, 248, 302, 317, 
319, 329, 346, 350, 354, 355, 
356, 360, 361, 365, 368, 371, 
372, 373, 432, 430, 437, 438, 
439, 443, 448. 

Ware, sec Weare. 

Warren, James, 103, 167, 428. 

Warters, Capt. Daniel, 
see also Waters. 

Washington, 424, 433. 
George, 13, 103, 119. 

Waters, 1 Capt. Daniel, 125, 168. 

Waiters, i 228, 241, 245, 250, 255, 

Warters, ] 282, 290, 310. 

Watson, Capt. , of the ma- 
rines, 395. 

Watterman, — , 225. 

Weare, ) Meshech, 10, 11. 

Ware, ) 

Webber, Charles, 357. 

Weeks, Capt. Samuel, 393. 

Welch, Capt. , 198, 202, 225, 

226. 

Wellfleet, 195. 

Wells, 14, 55, 292, 423, 425. 
Bay, 9. 
Cai)t. , 151. 

Welsh, Capt. , 326. 

Francis, purser, 113, 127, 149. 

Wescot. Capt. , 307. 

Wescofs Point, 191, 265. 

West Indies, the, 35, 165, 409. 

West, Capt. Nathaniel, 125, 

156, 168, 188, 235, 241, 242, 
310, 311. 

West Point. 27. 

Westcot, William, 383, 384. 

Weston, ) 425, 439. 

Westown, ( 

Jones Farm, the, 425, 439, 440. 



Westport, Mass., Horse Neck, 

150. 
Weymouth, Blanchard, 351. 
Whales, Capt. , of Dorches- 
ter, 413. 
Whipple, J., clerk, 271, 272. 
Dr. Joseph, surgeon, 152, 210. 

White, Capt. , 141. 

Col. , 151. 

B., 75, 115, 126, 135, 137, 138, 
142, 143, 148, 153, 172, 193, 
197, 248, 302, 346, 350, 354, 
355, 356, 361, 364, 365, 368, 
371, 372, 373, 432, 436, 437, 
438, 439, 443. 
Samuel, 424, 433, 434. 

Whitten, , 406. " 

Whittier, William, 357. 
Wilkinson, Gen. James, 36, 37. 

Williams, Capt. , of Salem, 

37, 151. 
George, 41, 42. 

Capt. John Foster, 125, 168, 196, 
197, 198, 199, 200, 201, 203, 
208, 219, 220, 229, 230, 235, 
237, 238, 242, 244, 245, 246, 
283, 287, 290, 297, 299, 311, 
320. 
Willson, Benjamin, 160. 

Thomas 160. 
Wilmington, 55. 
Windham, 145, 146, 402. 
Wingate, John, 155. 
Winship, Jonathan, 395, 427, 438, 

439. 
Winslow, Jonathan, 360. 
David, 383, 384. 
Elijah, 112, 126. 
Gilbert, Jr., 48, 114. 
Winthrop, 357, 360. 
Wood. Aaron, 111, 126, 135, 136, 
137, 142, 143, 147, 148, 329, 
350, 354, 355, 356, 361, 365. 
368, 371, 372, 373, 432, 436, 
437, 438, 439, 443. 
Abiel, 406. 
Woodward, Capt. Smith, 60, 79, 

83. 
Worcester County, 164. 
Wright, Daniel, 405, 407. 
Wver, Robert, 170, 171. 

Y 
Yankees, the, 199. 
York, 5, 55, 65, 73, 385, 406. 420. 

York, Capt. , 364. 

Benjamin, 380, 402. 
County. 5, 22, 26, 38, 72, 73, 74, 
153. 159, 263, 292, 293. 313, 
355, 393, 426. 
troops, the, 275, 313. 



LOS Ai\GEud ^ 



:)OiDv Cftni iTv 



AA 000 525 265 5