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Full text of "Documentary history of the state of Maine .."

F16 

M28d 

V. 




JHame (Sencalogiral jiorictu, 



Portland, Maine. 



Accession f u^*** 



COLLECTIONS 

OF THE 

mainp: historical society 

SECOND SERIES 



DOCUMENTARY 

HISTOBY OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



VOL. XVIII 



CONTAINING 



THE BAXTER MANUSCRIPTS 



EDITED 



By JAMES PHINNEY BAXTER, A. M., Litt. D. 



PUBLISHED BY THE MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY, AIDED BY 
APPROPRIATIONS FROM THE STATE 



PORTLAND 

LEFAVOR-TOWER COMTANY 

19 14 



r »6nry of THt 

AL 
- 



Copyright 1914 
By the Maine Historical Society 



Pkess of 
Lkfavor-Tower Company, Portland 



F16 

M28d 



INTRODUCTION 



THIS volume contains the history of the Revolution in 
Maine and reveals the slipshod manner in which both 
parties conducted the war. Not only did the authorities on 
the American side proceed in a careless, unsystematic and 
blundering manner in the defence, leaving the soldiers 
engaged in it to starve and freeze until they heard a frantic 
appeal for help, but the British displayed no enterprise in 
prosecuting offensive operations. Had they possessed a 
single able military commander, they could have occupied 
and held the eastern part of Maine at almost any time. They 
were far from being offensive. No wonder that Horace 
Walpole ridiculed the English commanders for their display 
of "etiquette"' in conducting the war. 

I am printing at the end of this volume an interesting 
petition of 1672, for which I am indebted to the kindness of 
Mr. George S. Stewart, A. B., who copied it from the original. 
Action on this petition was taken a few months later, and 
is to be found at page 330 in Vol. 1 of my manuscript Series, 
or Vol. 4 of the Documentary History. 

JAMES PHIXNKY BAXTER, 
61 Deering Street, 

February 20th, 1914. 



49J 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE OF CONTENTS 



1779 Nov. 17 



Nov. 18 



Nov. 


19 


Nov. 


20 


Nov. 


22 


Nov. 


23 


Nov. 


26 


Nov. 


27 


Nov. 


29 


Dec. 


1 


Dec. 


2 


Dec. 


3 



Dec. 
Dec. 



Dec. 10 



Dec. 


15 


Dec. 


20 


Dec. 


21 


Dec. 


23 


Dec. 


27 



Certificate of Henry Dyer et als, . 

Petition of Job Averell, . 

Petition of Daniel Wright, 

Petition of Thomas child, 

Notice of Conference with Indians, 

Agreement of Stephen Waite, 

Resolve favor Mons. Nebon, . 

Board of War to Capt. McLellan, . 

Order Board of War, 

Resolve Genl. Court, 

Letter to Council enclosing Act of Congress 

Petition Joseph Whipple, 

Petition Jonathan Fuller et als, . 

Resolve Genl Court, .... 

Capt. Gregory's Acct 

Resolve Genl Court, 

Letter President of Council, . 

Col° Allan's Letter, .... 

Benj. Thrasher's Petition, 

Warning to Voters of Boothbay, . 

Resolve on petition of Samuel White, 

Letter of Jno Lewis, 

Resolve of Genl Court, . 

Report of Committee for Coxhall and San- 
ford, 

Resolution of the House of Representatives, 

Petition of Committee of Safety to Genl 
Court, ........ 

Board of War to Capt Jos. Ingraham, . 

Report on J. Allen's Letters, . . . . 

Order of Genl Court, . . . . . 

Report of Committee in re Richard Hopping, 

Petition of Win Vernon et al, . 

Report on petition of Jonathan Fuller et als, 

Resolve of Genl Court, 

Deposition of Nathaniel Thwing, . 

Resolve of Genl Court 

Address of Pierre Tonnna, Chief of St. 
Johns 



PAGE 

1 
1 
2 



9 
12 
12 
14 
15 
15 
10 
17 
18 
19 
20 

21 
22 

2 _' 
23 
M 

26 
27 
27 
28 
29 
30 

32 



Vlll 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 



1779 


Nov. 


12 




Dec. 


15 




Dec. 


27 




Dec. 


28 



Dec. 
1780 Jan. 



Jan. 



30. 



Jan. 



Jan. 

Jan. 

Jan. 
Jan. 



11 



Jan. 12 



Petition of Samuel Freeman, . 
Order of General Court, . 
Petition of Sartell Alexander, 

" Alexander Campbell, 

" James Cargill, 

Resolve on Petition of Sartelle Alexander 

Order of General Court on petition of Alex 

ander Campbell, . 
Resolves of General Court, . 
Petition of Alexander Campbell, 
Resolve of General Court, 
Statement of S. Lovell B r G', 
Resolve, .... 
Petition of Jonathan Mitchel 

" Daniel Sullivan, 
Committee of Conference, 
Petition of James Brown, 
A Committee of Conference, 
Order of Council, . 
Report of Committee, 
Resolve of General Court, 
Cap* Rich d Trevet Naval Officer for the Port 

of York, . 
Order to stay proceedings in suit vs. Major 

Stillman, 
Naval Officer for the Port of Falmouth, 
Resolve directing the Board of War, 
" of General Court, 
" directing the Board of War, 
Petition of Peleg Wadsworth, 
Naval Officer for the Port of Penobscot, 
A Grant of £200,000 to the Board of War, 
Resolve Making an Establishment for a 

chaplin, 

Resolve directing the assessors of Fryeburg 
Duplicates of Letters sent the Gen" Court, 
Report of Committee in re accts. to be sub 

mitted to Congress, .... 
Directions to Board of War, . 
Resolution of General Court on petition of 

Stephen Hall et al, 
Petition of William Lithgow Jun r , 
Resolve of Council in re allowance to Staff 

Officers, 

Report on petition of Col. Cargill, 



PAGE 
34 
35 
35 
36 



40 
41 
42 
43 
44 
44 
45 
46 
47 
48 
49 
49 
50 
50 

51 

51 
52 
53 
53 
54 
55 
56 
56 

59 
59 
60 

57 
58 

62 
64 

64 
65 



<U I ONTENTS 



IX 



Jan. 


17 


Jan. 


If) 


Jan. 


20 


Jan. 


22 


Jan. 


23 


Jan. 


25 



1779 


Aug 


1780 


Jan. 




Jan. 




Jan. 


1780 


Feb. 



1780 Jan. 13 Resolve of General Court in re the Board of 

War 

Resolve in re Executions vs. Town 

Fryeburg, 

Petition of Col. Revere 

19 Application of Major Will™ Lithgow, . 
Petition of Alexander Campbell, . 
Order of General Court in re J. Cargill, . 
Letter From .Mr. Lovell & Gerry, . 

Alex r Campbell, . 
Resolve of General Court in re Indian 
Supplies, ...... 

Enoch Ilsley to Board of War, 
Order on Petition of Joseph Frye Esqr., 
13 Joseph Frye to Samuel Phillips and Samue 

Osgood 

26 Order to Col° Allen 

21 Order of Council, 

28 Application from the Committees to the 

Eastward 

7 Brigadier Cushings Letter, . 

Judge Bowman's Letter, .... 
Representation of Council to the U. S 
Congress in re losses by Penobscot Ex 

pedition, . 

Feb. 11 Agent Chosen by Pownalboro, 

Feb. 14 Order of Council to the Brigadier of the 

County of York, 

The Petition of Major Wheaton for recruits 
Major Wheaton to the General Court, . 
Feb. 16 Deposition of Girdain Burnham, . 
Feb. 17 Major Wheaton to the Speaker of the House 

Peter Noyes to the Council, . 
Feb. 20 Col. Allan to Jeremiah Powell, 

Certificate of Eliphilet Downer, . 
25 Col Allan to the General Court, . 
28 Petition of Joseph Barnard, . 

Petitions from the Eastern parts of the 
States 

2 Royalsborough Petition 

Petition of Soldiers relative to pay, 

" Andrew Patterson, 
Mason Wheaton to Charles Gushing, . 

3 Letter from Coll. Allan, .... 
Joseph McLellan to the General Court, . 



Feb. 
Feb. 



Mar. 



Mar. 



PAGE 
65 
66 

<;7 

69 

Til 
73 
74 

7) 



81 



85 
88 
89 



89 
91 

92 

93 

94 

95 

96 

98 

100 

105 

106 

108 

109 
110 

111 
113 
114 
116 
120 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 



1780 Mar. 
Mar. 



Mar. 
Mar. 



Mar. 



Mar. 
Mar. 



18 



Mar. 20 



Mar. 21 



Mar. 22 



Mar. 


23 


Mar. 


24 


Mar. 


25 


Mar. 


27 


Mar. 


28 


Mar. 


30 



Letter from J. Allan, .... 
J. Allan, .... 
" of John Gray to John Lewis, 
Certificate of Thomas Watson favor Arthui 

Spencer, . 

Resolve committing Petition of Aithui 

Spencer, 

Report of Selectmen of Falmouth, . 
General Wadsworth to Board of War, . 
Communication of Council to General Court 
Enoch Ilsley to Beard of War, 
Chairman of Convention at Narraguagus to 

General Court, 

Paul Revere to the Council and Gen'l Court 
Petition of John Megoff, .... 
" Town of Cape Elizabeth, . 

Resolve of Council, 

Resolve on the letter of Col Noyes, . 

of Council in Case of Col. Revere 
' General Court respecting Schr 

Nancy, 

Waterman Thomas to General Court, . 
Certificate in behalf of Wm. Morgan, . 
Committee of Congress to the Council, . 

Resolve of Council 

for raising a Number of Men, . 
Order of Board of War to Joseph Ingraham 
Deposition of John Bakman, . 

" Susanna Bakman, . 
" Capt. James Curtis, 
A Copy of Toothacker's oath, . 
Copy of Sam lle Smalleys Deposition, . 
Deposition of Christian Bakman, . 

" Robart Gordon, 
Resolve on Petition of Richard Flagg et als 

" in Favor of W m Morgan, . 
Papers in Grant to James Chasey, . 
Francis Shaw in Defence of Jones, 

Letter to Brig 1 " Frost 

Deposition of Rogers Smith, . 

Col° John Allan's Letter, 

Board of War directed to del r provisions, 

Resolve in re Col. Allan, .... 

Asa Lewis to Board of War, . 

Petition of Samuel Brown, . 



PAGE 
121 
123 
124 

124 

125 
127 
128 
129 
132 

133 
134 
136 
136 
138 
138 
140 

141 

144 
145 
146 
146 
147 
153 
153 
154 
155 
156 
157 
159 
160 
161 
161 
162 
163 
164 
164 
165 
166 
167 
168 
169 



()!■' CO. VI I. I 



XI 



1780 .Mar. 31 Application to Congress for reimbursements, 
Letter to Congress to the Mass 1 Delegates, 
Petition of Col Campbell, 

" Isaac Sears & P. N. Smith, . 

I ;' Stevens Petition, 

Petition of Israel Mead 

" John Lewis 

" W" Albee 

Resolve directing the Board of War, . 
Petition of Edward Grow et als, 
April 1 Peieg Wadsworth to the Council, . 

Order of Council to procure 30 Whale Boats 
William Lithgow to the Council, . 
April 3 Resolve on Petition of Ozias Blanchard & 

Others 

Petition of James Minott, 
Report on Petition from County of York, 
April 4 S. Holten to the Council, 
April 5 Enoch Ilsley to Board of War, 

Resolve Requesting the Council to Issue 
Warrants, ...... 

April G Resolve favor of Samuel Brown, . 

" on Petition of Alexander Campbell 
Representation Col° A. Campbell, 
Report Committee on letter Col. Noyes, 
Petition of W m Albee, .... 

April 7 Copy Representation to Council, . 

Gen'l Cushing to the Council, . 
April 8 Petition of Nathan Jones, 

Genl. Wadsworth to Genl. Court, . 
Order of Council, ..... 

Resolve of Congress, .... 

Action of Congress favor of Massachusetts, 
April 10 Board of War to furnish provisions for 

.Marinas, 

April 11 Action on Petition of Josiah Noyes, 

To Address the Government of New Hamp- 
shire . . . 

April 12 Application of Joseph Noyes, 

Genl. Peleg Wadsworth to the Council, . 
Resolve on Accounts of William Lithgow, 
Letter of George Stillman, . . . . 
April 13 The Council to Col. Allen, . . . . 
Resignation of Capt. John Gray, . 
Col. J. Mitchell to the Council, 
Order for Court Martial in case of Col. Revere, 



G 
L70 

171 
171 
172 
17:; 
174 
175 
17'; 
177 
177 
178 
179 
180 

181 
181 
183 
184 
185 

185 
186 
187 
188 
189 
189 
190 
190 
191 
192 
194 
194 
195 

198 
198 

200 
202 
203 
206 
207 
208 
208 
209 
210 



XI 1 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 



1780 April 5 Ja s Avery to President of Council, . 

Mar. 8 Warrant Issued to Sheriff of Lincoln County, 
April 13 Petition of Joseph Young, 

Resolve of General Court, 

Representation of John Lucas in behalf of 

Eben r Perkins 

April 14 Letter to Council Enclosing Act of Congress 

Resolve of Council, 

April 15 Peleg Wadsworth's Letter, 

Resolve in Favor of George Stillrnan, . 

Edward Procter's application, 
April 17 Resolve Entitling Philip Audburt to half pay 

Petition of Jeremiah Powell, . 

Letter from H bl,i James Lovell Esq r , 

Resolve in Favor of Andrew Patterson, 
April 18 A Proclamation 

Resolve appointing Joseph Noyes Committee 
of Inquiry also in favor Joseph Young, 
April 20 Receipt of Wm Gooding for supplies, . 

Petition of Nathaniel Palmer, 

Resolve of the House in re Joseph Young, 
April 21 Letter James Lovell Enclosing Letter of 
George Washington 

Certificate of John Lucas, 

Resolve relative to clothing for Army, . 
April 25 Petition of Nathaniel Palmer, 
April 27 Report, on General Wadsworth's Letter, 
" Petition Briggs Hallowell, . 
April 28 Resolve in re Post Riders between Ports 
mouth & Falmouth, .... 

Meshech Weare to the Council, . 

Peleg Wadsworth to the Council, . 
April 29 Resolve directing the Board of War, . 

recommending to the Continental 
Commissary Quarter Master General, 
May 1 Letter to Hon. Elbridge Gerry, 

Petition of Alex r Campbell & Others, . 

Voyage about Eclipse of Sun, 

Statement of Lemuel Dillingham, . 
?\lay 2 Peter Noyes to Hon. Jeremiah Powell, . 
May 3 Petition of Patrick Wallance, . 

Resolve Relating to Delivery of Stores, 

M r CoinnP Noyes Letter, 

Petition of Proprietors of Town of Fryeburg, 

Order of Board of War, 



PAGE 

211 
212 
212 
213 

214 
215 
216 
217 
217 
218 
219 
219 
220 
221 
222 

224 
225 
226 
226 

228 
230 
230 
233 
235 
237 

237 
239 
239 
243 

244 
245 
246 
247 
248 
248 
250 
250 
251 
252 
253 



OF CONTEXTS 



1780 .May I James Richardson's Letter, . 

Resolve in favor of Waterman Thoi 
Relating to Abatement of T > 
M mortal of Waterman Thomas, . 
May •" Resolve on Petition of Jeremiah Powell, 
in favor of Waterman Thomas, 
Representation of John McGoff, . 
Memorial of .Major Scarborough Gridley, 
May 10 Instructions to L* Col Scar: Gridl< . 

Representation of John Lucas in behalf of 

Win. Hubbard 

May 13 Abie! Wood's Petition 

May 15 Board of War to Gen 1 Wadswoith, . 
J. Allan to Hon. Jeremiah Powell, . 
Instructions to Lieu 1 Ethan Moore, 
May 16 Petition of Alexander Campbell, . 
May 17 Order of Capt. Henry Movvatt to Capt. of 

King's Rangers 

May 19 James Richardson to Board of War, 
May 20 Saml Doggett to Eleazer Johnson, . 
Genl. Wadsworth. Letter, 
Communication of E. Gerry & Others to 

Council, 

May 23 Statement of William Jones, . 
Order to the Board of War, . 
May 24 Letter to N. Jones Esq, .... 
May 2G Letter of Gen 1 Peleg Wadsworth to Presi 

dent of Council, 

May 27 General Wadsworth to the President of the 

Council 

May 28 J. Allan to President of Council, . 

May 29 Petition of Alex Campbell, . 

May 31 John Tynans Petition, .... 

Resolve Staying the Judgment Mentioned in 

the Petition of James Cargill, . 
Incorporation Act for Cox Hall, . 
June 1 Resolve directing Lieu' William Alby to re 

enlist 33 Men 

June 4 James Avery to Prest. of Council, . 
June 5 Resolve on Petition of Col. Campbell. . 
" directing the Board of War, . 
June 6 Petition of Lieut Wm Albee for Grant of 

E1485, 

Agreement in Suit John Langdon & al, . 
Report Referees in Above Suit, . 



P GE 
255 

- 5 5 
256 
257 
258 

259 
259 
260 
262 

262 
264 
265 
265 
269 
270 

272 
272 
273 
273 

275 
278 
278 
279 

279 

281 
282 
284 
286 

286 
289 

290 
292 
293 
294 

295 
296 

290 



XIV 



CI1KONOLOGICAL TABLE 



1780 June 7 
June 8 

June 9 



June 10 
June 11 



June 13 
June 14 



June 16 



June 17 

June 22 

June 21 

June 22 



1781 April 12 

1780 June 25 

June 26 

July 1 

July 9 

July 10 

July 11 

July 12 

July 16 

July 14 

July 18 



Resolve favor Lieut. Albee, . 
Peleg Wadsworth to Prest. Council, 

Report of Jn° Frost 

Order of Council in re Prisoners of War, 
Resolve in re County of York, 
Petition of John Cathcart, . 
Peleg Wadsworth to Prest. of Council, . 
J. Allan to Board of War, . 
Deposition of Samuel Harriden, . 
Order upon Execution vs. James Cargill, 

for 2 Whale Boats, 
Joseph Sewall Appointed to Receive Clothing 
Resolve impowering the Treasurer, 
Resolve laying an Embargo on all Vessels, 

Petition of Joseph Reed 

B. Austin to Col. Masereau, . 
Memorial of Selectmen of Boothbay, . 
Report of Committee in re Brig Tyranicide 
Resolve Directing Selectmen of Boothbay, 

Receipt, 

Deposition Tim Langdon Esq., 

Petition Town Bristol 

Execution of Judgment Stayed, 

Resolve on Letter from Genl. Wadsworth, 

Resolve for Appointing Commissioners, 

List of Prisoners Sent by L' Steavens, . 

Representation of Christoper Newbit, . 

Certificate in favor 

Letter from Genl Wadsworth respecting 

Deserters &c, ..... 
Order Board of War, .... 
Martial Law Proclaimed in Lincoln County 
Conference With the Indians, 
Certificate in re James Cargill, 
Return Upon Writ in re Schr. Nancy, . 
Peleg Wadsworth to Council, . 
Order to Brig d Gen 1 Wadsworth, . 
Col. Allan to President of Council, 
Acct. of Lieu* Nath 1 Stone, . 

Log of Ship Protector 

Extracts from Journal of Ship Protector, 
Gen'l Wadsworth to Council, . 
Letter of Alexander Campbell, 
Peleg Wadsworth to Council, 



PAGE 
298 
299 
300 
301 
303 
304 
304 
306 
308 
308 
313 
313 
314 
315 
316 
318 
319 
319 
320 
322 
322 
324 
324 
325 
327 
329 
330 
330 

330 
333 
333 
335 
344 
340 
341 
344 
345 
348 
349 
350 
353 
354 
355 
355 



OK CONTENTS 



XV 



July 
July 

Aug. 



Aug. 


4 


Aug. 


7 


Aug. 


10 


Aug. 


15 


Aug. 


21 



1780 July li» Tim Parson's Mem respecting the Masts 

&c at Kennebeck 

War Office to Saml Todd, . 

Memoranda In re Gen. Wadsworth for use 

of Committee, 

July 24 Peleg Wadsworth to Pies 1 of Council, . 
Gen 1 Wadsworth to Council, . 
2G Letter to this State's Delegates at Congress 
28 Peleg Wadsworth to President of Council, 
List of Officers Reported by Genl Wadsworth, 
2 Petition of Caleb Graffam, 

Certificate of Samuel Freeman (Dec. 16 

1778) 

Notice of Tax Sale of Land in Windham 

(Oct. 11, 1774) 

Certificate of Genl. Wadsworth, . 
Letter of Genl Wadsworth to Council, . 
Petition of Stephen Longfellow, . 
Certificate of Jas. Johnson, . 
Petition of Joseph Ingraham, . 
.Memorial of Waterman Thomas, . 
Petition of Ethan Moore, 
Aug. 23 Order in favor of Charles Miller, . 

Petition Inhabitants Plantation of Little 

Falls, 

Address to the Indians of the Eastern Tribe 

Petition of P. Frederic 

Memorial of Charles Miller, . 
Aug. 24 Order in favor of Robby Lydston, . 

Jas. Avery to Council Respecting Priest, 
Petition of Nathaniel Deering et als, . 

" John Archer et als, 
Parole of Charles dishing, . 
Resolve of a Grant to John Langdon U.35-0-0 
The Petition of Mrs. Barbara Ross, 
Petition of Richard Codman, . 
("lias. Cusliiiig to Genl Wadsworth, 
Petition of James Avery, 
Order on Petition of Richard Codman, . 
Resolve Directing Assessors of town of 
Winthrop to Abate All Public Taxes, . 
Sept. 9 Petition of Joseph North Esq of Pittstown, 
Resolution on Petition of James Bowdoin 

Esq & als, 

Sept. 11 Order for Abatement of Taxes of Inhabitants 
of Lewiston 



Aug. 


31 


Sept. 




Sept. 


1 


Sept. 


5 


Sept. 


7 


Sept. 


8 



355 
356 

356 

357 
358 
359 
361 
361 
362 

364 

364 
365 
365 
367 
370 
370 
371 
372 
373 

374 
376 
378 
379 
380 
381 
382 
383 
3S4 
384 
386 
387 
388 
389 
389 

391 
392 

394 

395 



XVI 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 



Sept. 


8 


Sept. 


14 


Sept. 


16 


Sept. 


18 


Sept. 


19 



1780 Sept. 12 Resolve on the Petition of Robert Calef, 

Resolve on Petition of Geo. Williams & 

others, 

Sept. 12 Letter to Command 2 Officer of the British at 

Penobscot — Similar One to Genl Wads 

worth, 

Report of Committee, .... 
Memorial Ebenezer Whittier and John Lang 

don, 

Resolve en Petition of Administrators of 

Estate of Jeremiah Moulton, 
Order of Council Directing Board of War, 
Resolve in Favor of James Cargill, 
Genl Wadsworth to Pres 4 of Council, . 
Petition of Frederic — A French Chaplain, 
Resolve in re Board of War, . 
favor Caleb Graffam, 
in Relation to Estate of Jeremiah 

Moulton 

Resolve on Petition of John Starbird, . 

Conveyance of Sloop Nancy by Cargill to 

Langdon et als, 

Resolve on Petition of Limerick, . 

Maj. Elmer to Commander 1 st Mass. Reg 1 in 

favor Daniel Beckler 

Letter Elbridge Gerry to Congress, 
Peleg Wadsworth to Prest. of Council, . 
Petition Roger Hunniwell to Council, . 

of Benjamin Trott, . 
Application of James Avery, . 

Order to Apprehend 

Resolve favor Roger Hunniwell, . 

" of a Grant of £250 to James 

Cargill, 

Resolve favor Board of War &c, . 

in re Estate of James Cargill, . 
favor Joseph Bernard, 
Sept. 30 Memorial Dr. Jos: Gardner, . 

Report of the Committee of Both Houses, 
Oct. Petition of Samuel Doggett & Co., . 

Oct. 2 Resolve favor John Langdon, . 

Petition of Inhabitants of Thomaston, . 
" " Thomas Tolman, . 
" " Ephraim Sheldon, . 



Sept. 


20 


Sept. 


21 


Sept. 


22 


Sept. 


23 


Sept. 


25 


Sept. 


27 


Sept. 


28 


Sept. 


29 



PAGE 
396 

398 



402 
405 

405 

412 
412 
414 
416 
393 
417 

419 

■■: > 

422 

424 

425 

425 
431 
3 
433 
434 
435 
436 

437 
438 
438 
139 

440 
441 

143 

444 
447 
449 



01 CONTENTS 



'II 



1780 Oct. 4 Resolve on Petition of Henry Allyne, . 
" Relating to Seacoast Guai 
A Grant of £400 to Lieut James Avery, 
Resolve Empowering the Justices of the 

S. J. C, .... 
Letter from Step. Hall, . 
Direction to Board of War, 
Order of Board of War, . 
Petition of Robert Calef, 

" Eliz" Holy i 
Order on same, . 

Genl Wadsworlh in re Eastern Dept, . 
Order for Supplies for Eastern Dept., . 

Petition of Jon a Jackson 

Order to Supply Eastern Indians, . 

for Supplies to Eastern Department, 
respecting Daniel Becklo: - , . 
in favor Jon" Jackson, . 
Oct. 20 Phillip Audebert's Certificate, 

Letter from Francis Shaw Jun r , . 
1762 May 18 Petition of Inhabitants of Eastern Klaine, 



Oct. 


7 


Oct. 


9 


Oct. 


7 


Oct. 


10 


Oct. 


11 


Oct. 


12 


Oct. 


13 



PAGE 

450 
452 
153 

154 

455 
156 

456 
457 
458 
459 
459 
460 
461 
461 
462 
462 
463 
463 
464 
466 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



OF THE 



STATE OK MAINE 



Certificate of Henry Dyer et als. 

Gouldsborough 17'" NTovemb' L779 
Whereas we the Subscribers mi the Eighteenth day of 
April 1777 have in Company with M 1 ' Daniel Wright Boughi 
of Captain Agreen Crab tree the Prize Sloop Polly with all 
her Appurtenances on certain Conditions which conditions is 
set forth at large in our Obligation to said Crabtree of the 
above Date, Therefore this may Certifie all whom it may 
Concern that we have on or about the first day of December 
A. Domini 177S Sold & Disposed of our Interest in said 
Sloop <V Appurtenances to the said Daniel Wright on the 
Conditions as Pouidit of said Aureen Crahtree 

Jesse Brown Henry Dyer 

dames Xoonan Thomas Parrit 

Phineas Whitten 

P< tition of -I "I' . I verell. 

To the Honourable the Council and the Honourable House 
of Representatives of the State of Massachusetts Pay in 

General Court Assembled — 

The Petition of the Subscriber In behalf of Samuel Avery 
and Mark Hatch [inhabitants of Penobscot for that whereas 
the said Samuel Avery and Mark Hatch both have fammelies 



2 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

now at Penobscot and in a Stearven Condition and in the 
hands of Enemies of this State wherefore your Petitioners 
prays your Honours they may be allowed a Carteal at their 
own Expence In order to bring said Avery and Hatchs 
Fammelis to the County of York your Petitioner has pro- 
cured a schooner of about fourteen Tons for the above 
Purpos Your Petitioner therefore humbly prays that your 
Honours would take this matter into your Serious Considera- 
tion and Grant Relief in the Premises which your Petitioners 
as In Duty bound shall ever pray Job Averell 

Boston Novem!/ 17 th 1779 

In Council i\ T ov r 18 th 1779 

Read & Ordered- That the Prayer of this Petition be 
granted and that Job Averell be & hereby is permitted to 
take up a small Vessel at his own Expence as a Cartel for 
the Purpose of transporting the Families of Samuel Avery 
and Mark Hatch from Penobscot to the County of York — 
Attest Jn° Avery D Sec y 

Petition of Daniel Wright. 

To the Honorable Council and the Honorable the House of 
Representatives in General Court Assembled at Boston-in the 
State of Massachusetts Bay 

The Petition of Daniel Wright of a Place called Goulds- 
borogh in the County of Lincoln and State aff'd humbly 
Sheweth — that your Petitioner together with Cap 1 Henry 
Dyer Phinis Whitten & Thomas Parret all of and near said 
Gouldsborough on the Seventh of April, one thousand seven 
hundred and seventy seven Did Purchase public advantage to 
protect them there, than to remove them elsewhere; We 
doubt not you will do everything necessary on your part, to 
this End — And as soon as the General Court meets which 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE ?> 

will be on the 10 th of Nov* we shall Cary the matter before 
them, and doubt not they will immediately make all neces- 
sary provision for the protecting those people in the quiet 
Enjoyment of their possessions 

Tn the Xame &c 
Maj W m Lithgow C. W. Severs P r 

Petition of Thomas Child. 

State of Massachusetts Bay, Novem 1 " 1770 

To the Hon ble the Council and the Hon ble the House of 
Representatives in General Court Assembled — 

The Petition of Tho Child of Falmouth in the County of 
Cumberland and State aforesaid 
Humbly Shews — 

1. That Your Petitioner has taken Letters of Agency on 
the Estate of Francis Waldo late of Said Falmouth an 
Absentee. 

2. That he has taken an Inventory of all the Personal 
Estate of the said Absentee which he could find after the 
said Town of Falmouth was burnt by the enemy and sold 
the same at Vendue according to Law which amounts to 
£106, 12/c 

3. That the Commissioners Appointed to receive Examine 
and Report the Claims on said Kstate to the Judge have 
done it, which amounts to the Sum of £63; 1G; 8. besides 
which more than £100. is due for taxes for the Year 
1778 — 

1. That there is an Old Negro Man with a Constant Sore 
owing to a Broken Leg, who has been a Constant charge 
and likely to continue SO and whom the Select men of said 
Falmouth have placed sometime .-it one place until they 
were tired of him, and then with another, so that finally 
he was delivered into the care of your Petitioner, as Agent 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

to said Estate, his Leg being so offensive, your Petitioner 
could not keep him, therefore Your Petitioner got a place 
for him in the Country where he is at great Charge for 
Clothing & Provision these scarse times for both — 

Your Petitioner has been at the Charge of Sending to 
the Registry of Deeds in the County of Lincoln to know 
what Estate the said Absentee has in that County, and also 
been at the Charge of getting Extracts from the Register 
in that County of what said Absentee now owns here, both 
which are here ready to be produced if Your Honors have 
Occasion for the same — 

That there is a Considerable Sum due from the said 

Estate, besides the Growing Charge of said Negro Man, 

Wherefore your Petitioner humbly Prays this Honorable 

Court would please to grant him Licence to sell as much 

of said Absentee's Lands in this town as will be Sufficient 

to pay the debts, and the constant Charge of said Negro 

man, and charges of Sail, and Your Petitioner as in Duty 

bound Shall Ever Pray 

Tho. Child 



Notice of Conference with Indians. 

At a Conferrence Held at Machias the 18 th Day of Novem- 
ber 1779 with a large Number of Indians of the S 1 Johns 
& Passamaquody Tribes, with Several from S l Francois in 
Canada and other Tribes — Present 

Colo Allan Sup r Int 1 Lieut Avery Sec'y to do Lieut 
Delesdernier A D C to do 

In the Service at Machias 

Major Stillman Cap 1 Smith Com y Capt OBrien 

In the Service at Machias 



OF THE BTATB OK MAINE D 

Lieut Albee Lieui Ferree Doctor Clark Quar r Mas' Foster 
Stephen Jones Esq* Mr OBrien Mr Longfellow Inhabi- 
tants of Machias 

Mr S Archabald Mr T. Archabald Mr I Archabald From 

Nova Scotia 

Capt Somes — of Cape Ann 

Agreement of Stephen Waite. 

This Agreement made this eighteenth Day of November 
A I). 1779 — between the Board of War for the State of 
Massachusetts Bay on the one part and Stephen Waite of 
Falmouth in the County of Cumberland & State aforesaid 
Merchant on the other part, Witnesseth, That the said Board 
of War have this Day sold and delivered to the said Stephen, 
five peices of Duck at the rate of one hundred and twenty 
pounds per peice, for which the said Stephen engages & 
promises to pay the said Hoard of War or their Order in 
good merchantable Eastern Wood as clear as possible of 
White Birch, within two Months from this Date and as much 
sooner as possible, at the rate of eighteen Pounds per Cord, 
to be delivered at any Place in the Town or Harbour of 
Boston the said Board of War may direct — 

In the Performance of which the said Stephen Waite 

binds himself in the penal sum of One thousand Pounds — 

Witness my Hand & Seal the Day of Year before written — 

N B. The Words between the eighth A: ninth Lines from 

the Top "or their Order" were wrote before Signing 

Stephen Waite 
Signed, Sealed & Delivered 

in Presence of 

Thomas Ivers 

Joseph Chapman Jr 



li 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Resolve in favor of Mo?is. Nebon. 

State of Massachusets Bay 

In the House of Representatives Nov 1 " 19 th 1779 

On the Petition of Monsieur Nebon Praying for the re- 
traction of two Hogsheads of Sugar Detained in the Town of 
Franklin by Joseph Haws and Ebenezer Dean by virtue of 
an act of this State 

Resolved that the said Haws & Dean be & hereby are 
directed to deliver to Monsieur Nebon the Two Hogsheads 
of Sugar now Detained in their hands by virtue of an act of 
this State he paying them the Charges of the Seizure and 
making Sale of Said Sugar within this State. 
Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk 
In Council Nov. 19, 1779 
Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Sec'y 
Consented to — 

A Ward Moses Gill S. Fuller 

M Greenleaf B White Sam Niles 

W. Spooner J Stone Jno Pitts 

T Cushing L Danielson Thos Durfee 

I Fisher I. Simpson N. Goodman 



Board of War to Capt McLellan. 

War Office, Boston, Nov 20 th 1779 
Sir/ 

Inclosed you have Capt Speakmans Order to deliver the 
Board of War the eight Boxes Cartidges left in your hands 
by Mr. Robins, it is the Boards desire that you ship them 
for this Place, by the first safe Conveyance, agreing for the 



<)!•' THE STATE OF MAINE 



Freight on the best Terms you can, for which the Board 
will pay — 

I am sir Your very hum. Serv 1 

By Order of the Board 
Capt -Joseph McLellan Joseph Chapman J S y 

Falmouth < 'asco Bay 

Order of Board of War. 

War Office, Boston, Nov r 20 th 177!) 
Capt John F Williams — 

It is our Orders that you repair to Newbury Port where 
you'l find the Lincoln Gallery with the Military k other 
Stores for your Ship which you are immediately to take on 
Board & Proceed over the Bar as Soon as the Tides & Weather 
will permit and if the Wind is fair you are to come direct to 
Boston, but should you not like the time you may go to 
Portsmouth, from whence you are to come round to this Place 
whenever the Wind & Weather will permit — 
We are Your hurnb 1 Serv ts 

By Order of the Board 
(Copy Jos Chapman J S y ) S. P. S. Pres 1 

Resolve of Genl. Court. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Novem* 20 th 1779 
On the petition of the Selectmen of the town of Lincoln 
praying for an allowance of Fourteen Pounds Paid to each 
of the three men Rais'd in said town agreeable to a Resolve 
of the General Assembly of this State Past June 12 1778 
Resolved that the Prayer of the Petition be Granted and 
that there be Deducted from the aiforesaid Towns Propor- 
tion of the next State Tax the sum of Forty two Pounds 



b DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

which is in full for the Bounty paid three men for going on 
an Expedition to Rhode Island agreable to a Resolve of this 
State. Sent up for Concurrence 

In Council Nov 1 " 20, 1779 John Hancock Spk 

Read & Concurred John Avery D Sec'y 

Consented to — 

A Ward Moses Gill N Gushing 

B Greenleaf B. White J Simpson 

W. Spooner J no Pitts X. Goodman 

T. Cushing J Stone Thos. Durfee 

J Fisher T. Danielson A. Fuller 

Letter to Council enclosing Act of Congress. 

Philadelphia 22 d Novem-- 1779 
Sir 

You will receive herewith enclos'd an act of Congress of 

the 16 th instant: By which you will be informed That in 

the present Situation of the General Treasury, and from the 

pressing Necessity of a full & punctual payment of the taxes 

required for the prosecution of the war, the request to retain 

the six Million of dollars mentioned in your Letter of the 

21 st of Sept r last cannot be complied with. 

I am Sir with Sentiments of Esteem & 

Regard your humble SeiV 

Sam 1 Huntington President 

In Council Nov r 30 th 1779 Read & sent down 

John Avery D Sec'y 

Petition of Joseph Whipple. 

To the Hon ble the whole Court 

The petition of Joseph Whipple humbly sheweth, 

that in the retreat from Magabigwaduce, he took the Indian 

rout with Gen 1 Lovell, that when they arrived at the Upper 



OF THE STATE <>F maim; !) 

Indian Town, they found themselves drove to the unavoid- 
able necessity, of returning to the Fnemy, <>r engageing two 
silver dollars I )r day, to each Indian pilot; they prefer'd the 
latter, And although pari id' the Indians came upon public 
business, And your honors have been pleased to grant the 
proportion of the Gen 1 , & his Brig d Maj' out of the public 
Treasury of this State, your petitioner is call'd upon for 
twelve Bilver dollars, to discharge his pari of the expence, of 
Indian pilots, which will cost him One years monthly pay. 
he therefore pray's your honors wou'd grant him the privi- 
ledge of exchanging the above Sum of paper Currency, for 
Silver money at the public Treasury, that he may be enabled 
to discharge the Above Debt. 

'lour honors humble petitioner 

J. Whipple 

Serg n Art* 
Boston Novem r 23 d 1779 



Petition of Jonathan Fuller ct als. 

To the Hon ble the Council & the Hon ble House of Representa- 
tives for the State of Massachusetts Bay in New England 
in Genl Court Assembled May it Please y r Honors — 

Nov 26 th 1779 

The Petition of Jon a Fuller »\: Others of Woolwich in the 
County of Lincoln, in behalf of the s d Jonathan 

Humbly Sheweth — 

That the s d Jonathan Fuller one of y r Petitioners has lived 
upon the Estate of David Phipps Esqr. an Absentee (lying 
in Woolwich) for a Number of years past & has expended 
as much Labour upon the place, as amounts to almost Four 
hundred Pounds Lawful Money according to his And' given 
in to the Agent for s d Estate, whereby the s' 1 Farm is brought 



10 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

into its present valuable situation, the whole of which is 
now due to the said Jonathan, except about twenty Pounds, 
which he received of the s d Phipps before he went off & 
which the s d Jonathan has credited the Ace 1 And as by a 
Resolve of the General Court of the seventeenth day of 
February last, All Agents for such Estates were order'd to 
lease out such Estates at Publick Auction to the highest 
bidder, for the term of One Year from the first day of April, 
Your Petitioners humbly apprehend the resolve aforesaid 
could not be adher'd to with respect to the above mentioned 
Estate, as the D y Agent to s d Estate put up an Advertizment 
dated the 22 d day of March, notifying the sale to be on the 
thirteenth day of April then next ensuing, so that there 
could not be fourteen days notice before the first day of April, 
neither could the place be leased out before the said first 
day of April. But upon the thirteenth day of April the 
day appointed for the vendue, One John Carlton a person 
who it is notoriously known here is strongly Attach'd to the 
British Government & has always oppos'd every measure that 
has been propos'd by this state for securing our rights & 
privileges, and as the said Jon a Fuller one of your Petitioners 
has acted as one of the Committee of Correspondence &c 
for these three years past & has humbly render'd himself 
obnoxious to the s d John Carlton by his the s d Jonathan's 
strenuous exertions in favor of the Glorious cause in which 
we are engag'd, We look upon it as the only reason for his the 
said John Carltons bidding upon the Place beyond the said 
Jonathan, in order as much as in his power lay to distress 
the s d Jonathan & his Family by turning them out of doors, 
and as the s d Jonathan Fuller do's not mean to oppose any 
of the resolves of this Hon ble Court, We therefore pray the 
interposition of this Hon ble Court in the Premisses, as the 
s d John Carlton did not intend to improve the place himself 



OF Til E STA'I I. OF .MAI.XK 1 1 

and has not paid the purchase money, but absolutely refuses 
to pay it. The said Jonathan is willing to pay as much for 
the place for the present year as it was struck off at *.V- to 
pay the charges of the Vendue, Your Petitioners also pray 
that the said Estate for the Future may not be leased out at 
Public Vendue but that the said Jonathan Fuller may be 
Allowed to enjoy it at the Appraizmont of three honest 
judicious men under Oath untill the same shall be order'd 
to be sold According to Law. — Your Petitioners therefore 
humbly pray your Honors would take the Case of the said 
Jonathan Fuller into your most serious Consideration, and 
grant him all that relief in the Premisses as your Honors 
in your great Wisdom shall think fit. & in duty bound shall 
ever Pray 

Jonathan Fuller 

Samuel Ford 

Solomon Walker 

Thos. Motherwill 

Committee of 
Elijah Grant ~ . 

( Correspondence 
Joseph Wade 

Lemuel Trott 

Sam'l Hamden 

Jonathan Preble 

In Council Dec r 21 st 1779 

Read & thereupon ordered that Abraham Fuller Esqr with 
such as the Hon bIe House shall join be a Committee to take 
into Consideration this Petition and the Papers accompany- 
ing the same and report what is proper to be done thereon — 

Sent down for Concurrence 
John Avery D Sec'y. 
In the House of Representatives Dec r 22, 1779 

Read & concurred & Capt Wm Farland & Wm Parker 
are join'd John Hancock Spk r 



12 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Resolve of Genl. Court. 

State of Massachusetts Bay — 

In the House of Representatives Nov 26 th 1779 
Resolved, 

That the Board of War be, and they are hereby directed, 

to settle all Public Accounts for Supplies for the Penobscott 

Expedition 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk 
In Council Nov r 2G, 1779 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Sec'y 
Consented to 

A Ward Moses Gill Aaron Wood 

W. Spooner B. White Thos Durfee 

Caleb Cushing J Stone Jno Pitts 

Sainl Adams A. Fuller N Goodman 

J Fisher J Simpson Edw d Cutts 



Capt. Gregory's Account. 

State of the Massachusetts Bay to Will m Gregory D r 

To Sundries Supplied Waterman Thomas Esq r Commassary 
and Quarter Master, for the Troops Doing at Cambden, 
Viz — 
1779 

Sept r 20 th To 9 bushels & three pecks of Rhy lent 
since the Defeat at Penobscut 
To 28 pd bread @ 20/ 103 1/ 2 Meat Supplied Sol- 
diers @ 20/ 131 10 
To 2 Meal Sacks to Collect Potatoes & Grain 

@ 180/ 18 



7 


10 


15 





15 


ii 


6 





6 





L5 






OF THE STATE OF MAINE 1 3 

To 4 Paila (a 30/ 1 Ax £0 &/ 2 bushels Peas (S 

£18 96 

Man & Hoars 3 Weeks Collecting Grain & 

Potatoes 60 

27 ,h To 1 Man 4 Oxen & Cart 1 Day hawling 

bread 15 <> 

29 th To -Man & Oxen | .. L , Day hawling B/Eeal & 
Potatoes 

30 th To d° Salt from St. Georges 
Oct' 4 th To <1" Bread from D° 

5 th To d° Provision half Day from Shoar 

6 th To d° Provision to Send up Penobscul 

9 th To d° Rum & bread from St. Georges 1 Day 

l.V" To 259G feet of Boards for Barracks Sur- 
vey d by Cap 1 Gove @ £40 103 17 

l() th To Man Oxen & Cart 2 Days hawling 
boards (a L* 1 . > 

17 ,h To d° Clay for Chimney l/ 2 Day 

26 th To d° 1 Day Salt from St. Georges 

27 th To d° Bread & Rice from d° 

To 100 feet boards & 300 Nails to mend boats 
To my Boat from 25 th duly to 17 th August 
imploy'd by Col Howard Order in Trans- 
porting Troops & Provision from Oambden 
to Penobscut *.V Carried of by the Mereans 
in the Retreat 300 

Nov r 28 ,h To pd 28y 2 beef & bread Supplied Capt. 

Preble f Resale 28 

To 14 Meals Victuals (5 36 ' 2 pd Coffee @ 36 28 16 

2 Quarts Molasses & fish supplied Cap 1 Male 

Compy, 30 

To 85 pd Bread 134C. p " beef sv ! Prisoners De- 
serters cV Men to March 219 10 



30 





6 





15 





15 





15 






14 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



To Barracks Stear Parstering from 17 th Aug 1 to 

1 st Nov r 60 

To my time in Collecting Thilling & Issuing Pro- 
visions from 17 th Augs* to 1 st Nov r being 96 

Days @ 120/ 576 



Errors Excepted 



£1818 3 
William Gregory 



Resolve of Gent. Court. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Nov 1 " 27, 1779 

On the Petition of Joshua Davis, Agent for Transports 
on the late unfortunate Expedition to Penobscot — 

Resolved, That the Petitioner be & he is hereby directed 
to make up his Returns of Pay Rolls for the Wages of the 
Officers & Marines in the Transports on the Expedition 
aforesaid to the fourth of September last and no longer, 
being three Weeks after the distraction of the Vessels em- 
ployed on that Service — and that all the other matters & 
things contained in said Petition be refer'd to the Board 
of War to act thereon as they may think just right — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk 
In Council Ts T ov r 27 th 1779 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Sec'y 
Consented to 

A. Ward Moses Gill Thos Durfee 

W Spooner B White Aaron Wood 

Caleb Cushing O Prescott N Goodman 

S Adams Sam Niles E. Cutts 

J Fisher J Simpson J Stone 



OF THE STATE <>!•' MAIM-; 1 .". 

Lifter of President of Council. 

The President of the State of Mass a Bay 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber Nov' 29— 1779 
Sir 

Pursuant to a Resolution of the General Assembly you 
have inclosed the Report of a Committee appointed by them 
to enquire into the reasons of the failure of the Late Expedi- 
tion to Penobscot, together with the papers accompanying 
said report which are transmitted to Congress that they may 
be possessed of the true reasons of the failure aforesaid & 
be enabled to take such order thereon as they shall Judge 
most conducive to Publick Justice 

I am in behalf of the Council 
Your Excellency's Obedient 
Humble Servant 



President 



[Not signed] 



Col" A linn's Letter. 

Machias Nov* 29 th 1779 
Sir 

My hist was of the 15 th lus' by Cap 1 James, giving their 
Honors an account of my arrival bere with the Indians, with 
some matters which hud taken place. There may appear 
some Contradiction in my last Letters Respecting my want 
of men to defend this Post, and ;il the same time dismissing 
the Militia, Bu1 my reason for doing the hatter was by the 
few I had not sullicient to keep ('entrvs. & being obliged to 
keep fire on Acci. of the Severity of the Weather in the Fort, 
put it in much Danger, as these appeared not Equivalent 



IB DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

should any Accident happen — they allso refused doing all- 
most any Duty, Upon Examining the Accounts, I find a 
great Expence Attending the Arm'd Schooner Neashquo- 
woite, partly owing to her detention when to the Westward, 
I think it Expedient for the present to lay her up till I know 
the further Intention of Government, — I shall allso thro w 
off every Expence that the Service will any way admit off,— 
My Chief dependance at present is the Indians who keeps 
very peaceable, as yet, I have been Detained going along 
shore with them, on Ace* of the Situation of this place, as 
it requires my steady Attendance to keep the Indians Spirits 
up that is here, — I send the Speech made by Biese Tomma 
on his renouncing any Connections with Britains, which he 
desired me to forward to their Honors with his Sincere 
Affection & Love— The Indians are still high in their con- 
jectures that the Canadians will be this way before Spring — 
I am with the Utmost Respect & Esteem Sir 

Your most Obedient and verry Hble SeiV 

J Allan 
The Hon"ble Jeremiah Powell Esq r 



Ben'f Thrashers Petition. 

To the Hon ble Council & Hon 1 House of Representatives of 
the State of Massachusetts Bay — 

The Petition of Benjamin Thresher of Cape Elizabeth in 
the County of Cumberland It Humbly shews — 

That some time in the Year 1776 a Fort & Battery was 
erected on his Land at Spring Point in said Town by which 
great damage has arrived to your Petitioner. 

The ground has been broken up — Fences destroyed — & 
Land laid common which has prevented him from making 
that improvement & use thereof which he formerly did. He 



OF THE STATE OF MAIM-; 17 

lb willing to suffer everything for the good of the Public 
which may be deemed necessary, bu1 he humbly thinks your 
honours will not expecl he should be so far injured in his 
property, as he has been by the building the above mentioned 
Fortresses without any compensation & therefore humbly 
prays thai your honours would take his Case into considera- 
tion, & granl him such recompense therefor, as your honours 
should judge reasonable 

And as in duty bound he will eyer pray 

Benj n Thrasher 

This may Certify that the Damage Done to Lieu 1 Ben- 
jamin Thrashers land fence &c was apprized at £300 Said 
I lamage done by build- 
ing a Fort on Spring 
point, Cape Elizabeth 

October 19 th 1779 

Attest 

George Deake Selectmen of 

George Strout Cape Elizabeth 



Warning to Voters of Boothbay. 

Lincoln S s in the Name of the Government and people of 
the State of the Massachusetts Bay Send Greetting To the 
Constable of the Town of Boothbay. You are Commanded 
forthwith to warn all the Inhabit* 8 of this Town Qualified to 
Vote in Town Meetting that they assemble themselves at the 
Meet ling House on Tuesday the foreteenth day of this In- 
stant Month :it ten o'clock in the fore noon then & there l ly 
To Choose a Moderator to Regulate Said Mcetting 2 ly To 
see if the Town will Send a Petition to the Great and General 
Court of this State: to See if they will take into their con- 
federation and appoint a committee to Examine into the 



18 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

State of the Town as to Town affairs : also Respectting Com- 

mitees and Malitia affairs of this Town this above Meetting 

called by desire of forteen of the Inhabitants of said Town. 

Givn under our hands this first day of Decern 1- A. D. 1779 

by Virtue of the above warrant 

directed to me by the Select 

Edw d Emerson Select 

W m McCobb Men 

Men I warn all the Inhabitants Qualified to vote in Town 
Meettings, to meet at place and time above mentioned 

Sam 11 Brier Constable 



Resolve on petition of Samuel White. 

State of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Decern 1- 2 d 1779 

On the Petition of Samuel White praying Leave that a 
judgment of the Inferior Court for the County of Lincoln 
against him in Favours of David Gilman & others given at 
the last Term of said Court may be set aside — 

Resolved that the same judgment & the report of the 
Referees in said case be set aside k annulled & if any Writ 
of Possession or Execution has issued thereon that the same 
be stayed & that the Action on which the judgment is founded 
be brought forward to the next Inferior Court of Common 
Pleas for the said County of Lincoln as if the fame had 
been regularly continued thereto from the last Term & the 
same Proceedings had thereon, as by law the parties are 
entitled to, the said judgment notwithstanding provided the 
said White cause the said Gilman & others to be served with 



OK THE STATE OF MAINE 



10 



an attested copy of this Resolve Sixty Days before the first 

day of the next Term of said Court — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk 
In Council Decern 1 " 3 d 1779 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Sec'y 
Consented to 

Jere Powell B. White E Cutts 

A Ward Sam Xiles X Gushing 

W Spooner J Stone O Prescott 

Caleb dishing J Simpson X Goodman 

S Adams Aaron Wood Thos Durfee 



Letter of J no Lewis. 

Sir, When I rec d your order to Collect & forward the 
Blankets I had not rec d one. I immediately Sent to all 
the Towns in the Easterly part of the Country, & wrote to the 
man I had appointed in the Westerly part to take in the 
Clothing, to write to those Towns, I endeavoured to possess 
them of the necessity of procuring them & that forthwith, yet 
notwithstanding all my Solicitude I have not been able to 
procure more than fourteen in this part of the County, All 
which I had from EEarpswell, 1 have heard from most of the 
Towns in the Westerly part of the County but don't learn 
that they have got many, neither do I expect many more in 
the Easterly part, 

I send you a Roll of Blankets Containing the fourteen 
above mentioned to Capt Jonathan Lock, I hope my not 
being able to procure more will not prevent your receiving 
these, I expect some more which I shall forward, there is 



20 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

but little wool in this part of the Country the order for 
Blankets came so late that most of it was otherways disposed 
of, I should be glad if I might have orders for forwarding 
all the other clothing by water, which would be a very great 
Saving to the State. I am, Sir, Your very Humble Serv* 
North Yarmouth Dec r 3 - 1779 Jno Lewis 

P. S. Please to send me a Rec 1 to Capt Lock 

Resolve of Genl. Court. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Dec r 3 1779 
Resolved that the Board of War be and they hereby are 
directed to receive and pass all the acts of the officers and 
other persons who have supply ed the Army on the late Ex- 
pedition to Penobscot, or while occupying aney post after 
the retreat, Said Board of War to Call for propper vouchers 
to each act they shall so pass, & if vouchers Cannot be ob- 
tained, the Said accountant to be put upon his oath respect- 
ing the Justice of the Charges not so voucht — Said Board 
of War is hereby directed & empowerd to receive or pay aney 
Ballances which may be due on the Settlement of the afore- 
said Accounts 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk 
In Council Dec r 3 d : 1779 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Sec'y 
Consented to 

Jer Powell Sam Niles Aaron Wood 

A Ward B White Thos Durfee 

W Spooner N. dishing J Simpson 

Caleb Cushing O Prescott N" Goodman 

S Adams J Stone E. Cutts 



OF THE STATE OK MAINE 21 

Report of Committee for Coxhall and Sanford. 

State of Massachusetts Hay 

The Committee of both Houses appointed by the General 
Court to Repair to Sanford and Coxhall to View the same 
and to Say in wh&i manner Coxhall ought to be Incorporated, 
and whether any of the Land, Incorporated within the 
bounds of Sanford — ought to be Incorporated with Coxhall 
have Notified the parties attended the Service Viewed the 
Premises, heard the parties and ask Leave to Report, that 
Coxhall be Incorporated by the Following Bounds — Viz. 
Beginning on the Western side of Mousom River at a pitch 
Pine stump on the Edge of the Bank of P. River k on the 
head line of Wells and to run from thence North Easterly 
on the head line of Wells and Arundell Six miles untill it 
Comes within four Miles of Saco River, to an Oak Island 
so called, thence from said Arundell line, on a line, on a 
Northwesterly Course Continuing at the Distance of four 
Miles from s d Saco River and paralell thereto, back into the 
Country, Six mile and One Hundred and Twenty Rods, and 
from thence to a Hemlock tree marked on four Sides, about 
Forty rod to the Northward of a Pond called Swan Pond 
from thence across said Pond excluding about two thirds 
thereof on a Southwest Course untill it Comes to the line on 
the NorthEast side of the Town of Sanford, and from thence 
South Easterly on a Si rate line to the bounds on the Head of 
Wells began at, which bounds will Include about live Thou- 
sand acres of Land which is included in the Eight mile 
Square, Incorporated in a Town by the Xanie of Sanford 

all which is Submitted 

Edw d Cutts p r order 

N. B. the Committee to be paid as the General Court 
Shall Order — 



22 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Iii Council Dec b 6 th 1779 
Read & Accepted 

Sent Down for Concurrence 

John Avery D Sec'y 
In the House of Representatives March 24, 1780 

Read k concurred 

John Hancock Spk r 
Consented to — 

Jer: Powell T Danielson N Gushing 

W. Sever D Davis Jn° Pitts 

A Ward J Simpson 



Resolution of the House of Representatives. 

In the House of Representatives Dec r 7 th 1779 
Resolved that the Board of War be and they hereby are 
directed to prepare the Accounts of the Expenditures by this 
State made on the Expedition to Penobscot, & to lay the 
same with the proper vouchers before the major part of the 
Council of this State. And it is further resolved that the 
President of the Council be and he hereby is Requested, as 
soon as may be after the said accounts with their vouchers 
shall be laid before the major part of the Council, to for- 
ward the same to Congress, & in behalf of this State to 
request an allowance & reimbursement of s d Expences 



Petition of Committee of Safety to Gent Court. 

To the Honorable Council & Honorable House of Repre- 
sentatives State Massachusetts Bay in General Court 
Assembled — 

The Petition of the Committee Correspondence Inspection 
k Safety for the Town of Boston Humbly Sheweth — 



OF THE STATE OP maim; 2'-'> 

That your Petitioners have received a Letter from Col 
Allan ut Machias which is herewith annexed, representing 
the Dangerous Consequences resulting from a Toleration 
granted by this Honorable Court to certain Persons to settle 
their Affairs in Xovn Scotia; under Cloak of which Liberty, 
some People highly inimical to the well being of these States 
& others at best of but dubious characters, have taken undue 
Advantages of such Licence & carried on a most unwarrant- 
able & unlimited TratHck with Our Enemies — 

Your Petitioners therefore would humbly suggest to Your 

Honor as the Supreme Guardians of our Rights whether it 

is not highly expedient that a total & entire stop be put to 

such undue Commerce which most evidently tends to vitiate 

if not intirely eradicate the Genuine Principles of Liberty 

that first originated & still invigorate the present Glorious 

Contest. 

By Order of the Committee Correspondence 

Inspection and Safety 

John Simpkins Ch r man 
Boston Decern 1 " 8, 1779 — 

In the House of Representatives Dec 21- 1779 

Read & committed to the Committee on Coll Allans Let- 
ters which were read the 15 th current 

Sent up for Concurrence 
In Council Uec r 21 s 1779 John Hancock Spk r 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Secy 

Board of War to ('apt. Jos. Ingraham. 

War Office, Boston, Dec r 10 th 1779 
Sir/ 

You being Master of the Lincoln Galley are to proceed 

with the first fair Wind for Weymouth, on your Arrival 



24 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

there you are to purchase a load of Wood on the best Terms 
you can, for which purpose the Board have furnished you 
with three hundred Pounds for which you are to be account- 
able — You will make all the dispatch in your Power — 
We are Your Friends &c 

By Order of the Board 

S P Sav'g Pre 
Capt Jos Ingraham 

I acknowledge the above to be a true Copy of my Orders 

received from the Board of War & promise to govern myself 

accordingly — 

Jos Ingraham 
State of Massachusetts Bay 



Report on J. Aliens Letters. 

State of Massachusetts Bay Decern 1779 
The Committee of both Houses on the letters from Col° 
John Allen respecting the raising men for the defence of 
Machias, and supplying the Indians ; and of the ill-licit trade 
carried on by Cap 1 James Littlefield with the Enemy under 
cover of a protection from the General Court to bring certain 
effects from Nova Scotia, and the representation thereof from 
the Committee of Correspondence &c for the Town of Bos- 
ton ; and also the letter from Brigadier General Gushing for 
men for the defence of Camden, report as their opinion. 

That from the force of the Enemy now at Penobscot, there 
is not great reason to expect a sudden incursion on the East- 
ern Counties at this season of the year: but if this should 
not be the case, the difficulty of raising men soon for their 
defence, and the impracticability of procuring provisions to 
support them if raised constrain your Committee to report 
that the consideration of raising men for the purposes afore- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE Z.> 

said he referred to the next Session of the General Court. 
Your ( lommittee apprehending it of very great importance to 
retail] the [ndians in the interest of these States, report a 
resolve & the annexed Schedule <>t* supplies, accompanying 
this report, to he sent by the Hoard of War to Col° Allen for 
that purpose. Your Committee are also of opinion that the 
exertions of Col° Allen to prevent trade being carried on 
with the Enemy is laudable, and thai he & any Officer under 
him is intitled to the protection of this Court, & therefore 
report a Resolve for the defence of Major George Stillman, 
who apprehended & detained ('apt James Littlefield by order 
of said Allen. AH which, with the aforesaid resolves, are 
submitted 

Joseph Simpson p Order 
In Council Dec 23 d 1779 

Read and Sent down 

John Avery D Sec'y 



Order of Gen 1 Court. 

In the House of Representatives Dec 1 " 15- 1779 

Orderd that Gen 1 Lovell, The Hon ble M r Pickering & Cap 1 
Lovejoy, with such as the Hon 1 Board shall join, be a Com- 
mittee to consider the four letters of Coll Allan dated Sept 
24, Oct' 20, Nov 1 " 10 & Nov 1 15 1779 and also the Letter of 
Brigad* Charles Cashing of y 6 2 d current — & report what 
is proper to be done thereon 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council Dec' 1.6* 1779 

Read & Concurred and Joseph Simpson and 

John Pitts Esq rs are joined 

John Avery D Secy 



26 DOCUMENTARY IIISTOEY 

Report of Committee in re Richard Hopping. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Dec 1- 20 th 1779 

The Committee appointed to Examine the accounts of 
Richard Hopping who was wounded on Board the Arm d ship 
Vengonec in the late Expedition to Penobscot have attended 
that service and begg Leave to Report by way of Resolve — 

Resolved that there be allowed and paid out of the Treas- 
ury of this State to Richard Hopping a wounded seaman in 
the service of this State in the Late Expedition to Penob- 
scot the sum of two Hundred and twelve pounds in full to 
enable him to pay the charge ariseing in consequence of his 
wound — Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk. 
In Council Dec r 20, 1779 

Read & Concurred John Avery D Sec'y Day — 

Consented to 

Jere Powell S Adams D. Davis 

A Ward J Fisher Sam Xiles 

Caleb Cushing B. White Jno Pitts 

W Spooner J. Stone Thos Durfee 

T. Cushing Aaron Wood J Simpson 

1779 State of Massathusts Bay Dr. 

To Mary Hopping of Newbury Port for Bording Richard 

Hopping Twelve weeks from the 29 of August to the 21 of 

November at Fifteene pound pro week £180-0-0 

he being wounded on bord the Vengeance armd vessel in the 
Penobscot Expedition 

This may Certiii that Richard Hopping was a Volunteer 
to Penobscot on board the Ship Vengeance & was there 
Wounded by a Shot from the Enemy 
Newburyport Xov r 9 th 1779 Thos Thomas 



OK THE 8TATB OF MAIM-: 27 

Petition of \V m Vernon et at. 

To the Hon ble Council & House of Representatives of the 
State of Massachusetts Bay — 

The Navy Board of the Eastern Departm 1 Humbly Shew- 
That Capt Harkei of the Continental Sloop Providence did 
on the 17 th July last Lend to Col Josiah Brewer for the use 
of the Troops on the Penobscot Expedition, five hundred 
weight of Bread belonging to the Xavy, which Bread they 
pray your Honour to direct may be returned to them. — 

W m Vernon 

I Warren 
Boston Dec 21, 1779 



lit port on petition of Jonathan Fuller et als. 

The Committee of both Houses, to whom was referred the 
Consideration of the Petition of Jonathan Fuller & others, 
take leave to report the following resolve 

S Fuller of Boston. 

Whereas it appears to this Court that John Carlton the 
person named in the Petition afores d hath not complyed, 
with the resolve of this Court for leasing out. Absentees 
Estates; which appears by the Deposition of the Agent on 
the Estate of David Phips Esq: And that he the said John 
is not a legal Lessee of the Estate aforesaid therefore 

Resolved that the Petition of the afores d Jonathan Fuller 
& others, be so far granted that the said Jonathan, shall have 
the improvement of the Estate afores d During the term of 
one year, ending the first Day of April 17S0 he the said 
Jonathan paying to the said Agent the necessary charges that 
have arisen by the vendue for leasing out the same, and also 



28 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



the sum of ninety three pounds on or before the Expiration 
of said term, also all taxes imposed on said premises during 
the term aforesaid — 

In Council Dec 23 d 1779 
Read & accepted 

Sent down for Concurrence 
John Avery D Sec'y 
In the House of Representatives Dec 1- 24 — 1779 
Read & concurred 



Consented to — 
Jere Powell 
W Spooner 
Caleb dishing 
H Gardner 
J Fisher 



B White 
J Stone 
Sam IsTiles 
J Simpson 
A. Fuller 



John Hancock Spk r 

D Davis 
Jn° Pitts 
Aaron Ward 
Thos Durfee 
N Goodman 



Resolve of Gen 1 Court. 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Decern 1 " 23 d 1779 

On the Petition of Colo Alexander Campbell shewing That 
a Xumber of the Militia of the Eastern part of this State 
between Penobscot & Machias were in actual service on the 
Expedition against the Enemy in Possession of Bagaduce; 
By order and under the Command of General Lovell and 
prays that the officers of said Militia may be ordered to 
make up their Rolls for two months Service for the reasons 
mentioned in said Petition 

Resolved that Captain Daniel Sullivan be and hereby is 
directed to make up his Roll for two Calender months and 
Captain John Hall for one Calender month agreable to a 



OF THE STATE <>K MAINE 



29 



Resolve of this Court of September 17 th 1779 — for paying 
the several Detachments from the Militia and those ordered 
by the Hon ble Council for the Expedition at Penobscot 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk 
In Council Dec r 23 d 1779 
Read & Concurred 

John Avery 



Consented to 
J ere Powell 
A Ward 
W. Spooner 
Caleb Cushing 
T. Cushing 
S Adams 



D Sec'y 

Boston August 6, 1781 

J Fisher Aaron Wood 

B White Thos Durfee 

J Stone X Goodman 

Sam Xiles II Gardner 

J Simpson D Davis 
A. Fuller 



Deposition of Ntithanirf Thwing. 

The Deposition of Nathaniel Thwing of Lawful Age, who 
testifieth & saith that on the 22 d day of March last he this 
Deponent saw a resolve of the Great & General Court of this 
State, which passed the seventeenth day of February last. 
Published in the Newspaper directing all Agents to the 
Estates of Absentees to lease out s d Estates at Publick Vendue 
to the highest bidder for the term of one year from the first 
day of April, that in consequence of s d resolve, he this de- 
ponent immediately put up an advertizmenl notifying the 
leasing out the Estate of David Phippa Esq r an Absentee 
lying in Woolwich (on which Estate one Mr Jon' Fuller 
then & for a number of years past has lived & improved the 
same) endeavoring as much as possible to comply with s d 



•30 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

resolve, though it was impossible for this deponent fully 
to comply with s d resolve, as there could not be fourteen days 
notice given from the time this deponent first saw s d resolve, 
to the first day of April the sale was therefore notifyed to 
be on the thirteenth day of April which was as soon as it 
could conveniently be done, and on the said thirteenth day 
of April, one John Carlton appeard at the Vendue & bid 
upon the place as high as ninety three pound, when it was 
struck off to him for that sum, but the s d John Carlton re- 
fused to pay & to this day still refuses to pay the s d Ninety 
three pound or any part thereof so that the s d Jon a Fuller 
still improves the same, this Deponent really believes that 
the s d John Carlton bid upon the place not because he wanted 
it himself but purely to distress the s d Jonathan, & further 

saith not 

Nath 1 Thwing 



Resolve of Gen 1 Court. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 
In the House of Representatives Decern 1 " 27 1779 

Whereas the Resolve of this Court of Septem 1 " 17 th 1779 
for making an Establishment for the troops, that lately 
served in the Expedition to Penobscott — did not provide 
any mode of obtaining the fire Arms delivered out on said 
Expedition Therefore Resolved 

That the several officers who received any State Arms 
stand chargeable With the same And are hereby directed to 
call for said arms from the soldiers to whom they were de- 
livered, and return the same to the Brigadier of the County 
to which they belong. And the said Brigadiers are hereby 
directed to receive the same and store them untill the further 
order of this Court 



OK THE STATE OF MAINE 



::i 



A Receipt from the Brigadier thai the Arms were de- 
livered shall be considered as a proper voucher to the Com- 
mittee on Muster rolls who are directed no1 to pass any rolls 
unless such Receipts are produced 

And the Commisary of Ordinance lately on said Expedi- 
tion is directed to furnish the Committee on muster rolls 
with coppys of all the receipts he received for the fire A hu- 
so delivered by him — And where any of the Aforesaid anas 
were actually lost in the service, a certificate of the same 
being produced to the committee on Muster rolls under oath 
— it shall also be considered as a proper voucher 

And whereas part of the militia detacht for the aforesaid 
Expedition did not march to the place of Action, but came 
in as guards to the sea Coasts after the retreat Expecting 
thereby to attone for their past offence — be it therefore 
further Resolved that said militia be Cashiered for their 
wages any resolve to the contrary not withstanding. 
Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 

In Council Dec 31 st 1779 

Read & Concurred as taken into a Xew Draught 

Sent down for Concurrence 
John Avery D Sec'y. 



In the House of Representatives Jan y 5, 1780 



Read & Concurred 



Consented to — 
Jere Powell 
A Ward 
W Spooner 
Caleb Cashing 
S. Adams 



J Fisher 
B White 
T. Danielsos 

D Davis 
Oliver Present t 



John Hancock Spk r 

A Fuller 
J Simpso n 
Thos Durfee 
Aaron Wood 
N Goodman 



32 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Address of Pierre Tomma, Chief of St Johns. 

Pierre Paul Interpreter 
Pierre Tomma, Chief of S* Johns, 
Brother, 

By the Grace of the Almighty, who Conducts all his People 
we are permitted to meete togeather at this place Avhere we 
formerly did our Undertakings, — The Old men, the 
Sachems, the Captains & the Young men Salute, all the 
Officers & Gentlemen here present as well as all the rest of 
the Americans — 

Brother, You now see we have Complyed with the request 
you made when on S l Johns, & all those who are with me 
have come, & are ready for any thing you may order us 
to do — 

Brother, When you sent for me before I was ready to 
obey your Commands in behalf of America, I am now come, 
& left all I have, and depend on you for our Subsistance for 
something to Eat, & to keep our backs Warm, — 

Brother, some Difficulty s arose between you & me when 
I was on S l Johns, But I assure you any thing I did was 
through fear, as our Situation was such as the Enemy Cou'd 
Distroy us & our Familys- — I am now Come to obey you 
in any thing for the Good of America & the Thing of France 
you may order, 

Brother you are Sencible I am not Acquainted with writ- 
ing and Beading — I did Receive Letters from the Britains, 
I went & meet them, but never acted any thing against the 
Americans, — but any thing I did was thro fear, as I was 
old & infirm, & for fear of their hurting me & family I was 
on the River & Loath to leave what I had, I only acted as 
I see many Americans, at this Day, that is to keep peace 
on both sides, but my heart was for America, — 



OF THE STATE OF MAIM. '■','■', 

Brother, When I was on the Road half way to Meete you, 
an Express over Took me, from some of our Colour who 
entreated us not to Come & Join you, but Continue on the 
River where we was, & remain friends to Britain & with our 
Brothers who were friends with them — & not to Come to 
you, & fight against Britain & them, — I in answer men- 
tioned that I was attach'd to America & General Washing- 
ton as well as our old Allic's the French, & was Determined 
to Come, for which reason yon now see me here, ready with 
all here to do any thing for the Good of America, — 

Brother, I forgot to Mention something more respecting 
this Express, they said it was a pity that as we were the 
same Colour & Religion, for us to Take up the Hatchet for 
America, as then we must fight against them — and shoud 
be Compelled to Kill one another, — that the Britains wou'd 
be friends to us & Give us whatever we stood in Need off, — 

Brother, T now have repeated over what T have to say 
respecting News, — ] now have to mention respecting our 
Situation,- We have Come here to Join yon, all we Desire 
is to have some support. We have no body to look too but 
yon, to Assist ns in whatever we stand in need off — 

Brother, You see our Situation, & you must Know it — 
we are now like Birds Lett out of a Cage & Depend on people 
who are better Acquainted with the world then ourselves — 
You know the Nature of Indians, they often Ask for more 
then is promised them — their Demands likely will be 
Great, but we depend on you to (Jive what you think is 
absolutely Necessary — 

Brother, I must again repeal to you respecting our Situa- 
tion, there is a number of Old people among ns who must 
be supported — if there shoud not any thing Come Down 
this fall, if you Lett us Know it in Time we will send the 

3 



34 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Young Men a hunting for Subsistence — But the Old ones 
must be Round you & supported at all Events — 

Brother, We have now Risen from our Beads & left our 
former Place of a bode & come to Join you for the Reguard 
we had for America & the King of France, and hope by the 
blessing of God that we shall be preserved thro' all our Dif- 
ficultys & Distresses, which Doubt not we shall be able to go 
thro' by the Assistance you will afford us — 

Brother, I forgot further to mention, People may have 
an odd opinion of us, for our being off a Different Principle 
of Religion, but we Act from Principle, & must beg you will 
do your Endeavour to get a Priest from our old Father the 
King of France to settle among us, so that we may have 
every thing Done According to our own manner of Religion, 

Brother, this is all I have to say at this Time — 

The foregoing was Literally Interpreted 

Attest 

Ja s Avery, Sec y to Sup r Int n 

Eas n Dep 1 
In Council Dec 27 th 1779 

Read & sent down 

John Avery D Sec'y 

Petition of Samuel Freeman. 

To the Hon ble Council and Hon bl House of Representatives 
of the State of Massachusetts Bay — 

Samuel Freeman at the direction of the Court of General 
Sessions of the Peace for the County of Cumberland — 
humbly shews — 

That Several Gentlemen being chosen by a meeting of 
Committees of the several Towns in said County, represented 
the same at a Convention held at Concord in July last, and 
being so chosen the said Court of Sessions judge it reason- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 35 

able thai their Time & Expence Bhoud be paid oul of the 
Count v Treasury — They therefore pray that Your Honours 
would pass a Resolve to enable them to adjust the Accounts 
of the Time cV. Expence of the said County Representatives 
& order payment thereof out of the said Treasury accordingly 
And your Petitioner in their behalf will ever pray. 

Sam 1 Freeman 
Boston Nov 12, 177!) 

Order of General < 'ourt. 

In the House of Representatives Dec 1 " 15, 1779 

Ordered that Coll Dawes & M r Davis of Boston with such 
as the Hon ble Board shall join be a Committee to consider 
what further application is necessary to be immediately made 
to Congress respecting the insupportable Losses, on account 
of the failure of the Penobscot Expedition — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council Dec. 16 th 1779 

Read & Concurred and Thomas dishing Esq r is joined 

John Avery I) Sec y 

Petition of Sartell Alexander. 

State of the Massachusetts Bay 

To the Hon bl ° The Council & house of Representatives, In 
Generall Court Assembled at Boston Decemb' 25 th A I) 1779 

The Petition of Sartell Alexander of Penobscot Township 
N° 1 Humbly Shews 

That your petitioner Boone after the British Troops Landed 
at Penobscutt was Compelled Either to take the Oath of 
Alegance to the Brittish King or him self and family to be 
Captivated & his substance distroyed Did take said Oath. 



3C) DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

but as soone as the Troops from this State arrived there he 
readily Joyned them, concientiously believeing that the said 
oath which he was Compelled To Take was not binding upon 
him with which Troops your Petition served untill there 
Defeate & has Since been oblidgd to remove from those Parts 
with his family being a wife & Three small Children all 
which are now in the Town of Boston without any house to 
Cover there heads or anything to support themselves and 
must suffer & Even Perish without Some Immediate relief, 
your Humble Petitioner therefore prays this Hono ble Court 
to Take his Deploreable Case under your wise Consideration 
and Grant him such relief as to you in your Known Good- 
ness shall seem meet & your Petition 1- as in duty bound Shall 

Ever pray &c 

Sartell Alexander 



Petition of Alexander Campbell. 

To the Hon ble the Council and Hon ble House of Representa- 
tives of the State of Massachusetts Bay in General Court 
Assembled at Boston December 1779 — 

The Petition of Alexander Campbell 
Humbly sheweth, 

That Whereas a Number of the Militia of the Eastern 
part of this State, between Penobscot and Machias were in 
Actual Service on the Expedition against the Enemy in 
possession of Bagaduce; By order, and under the Command 
of General Lovell : and from and after the time the Enemy 
took Post there, the said Militia were under a Continual 
Alarm while in very difficult Circumstances, and in the most 
precious Season of the Year (the time of Harvest) untill 
the American Expedition took place; and for a long time 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 37 

after the unhappy and Unfortunate Defeat of our Troops 
in that Quarter, the Militia and Inhabitants of that Country 
were Reduced to every difficulty and distress that may or 
can be exprest: But Notwithstanding their Deplorable 
Circumstances, their Attachment to the Cause and Liberties 
of their Country were such as Animated the People to the 
greatest Vigilence and Fortitude in their Countrys Cause, 
while under every disadvantage and discouragement, from 
the Art Insinuation and Power of the Enemy, and from 
those Exertions they still hold possession of every part of 
said Country Except those places which were first Subjected 
on the Arrival of the Enemy — And whereas the Monthly 
pay assigned by your Honors (By means of the Enormus 
Prices of every article of Consumption) is so very incon- 
siderable towards the maintenance of a Family, who needs 
every possible exertion for its daily subsistence, and the 
time of their actual service in said Expedition, Bearing so 
small a proportion to their Exertions & Services both before 
and since said Expedition and to their present alarming 
situation. — 

Wherefore your Petitioner, who from his Connection with 
the said Militia in that Quarter, having the Honor more 
particularly to direct in their Military Operations, as well 
as from his own knowledge of the Facts above mentioned 
Humbly prays your Honors would be pleased to take their 
case into your wise consideration, and Grant that the officers 
who have made up their Rolls, may be ordered to make them 
up for two months instead of the time exprest in their said 
Rolls, more especially Capt Daniel Sullivan and his Com- 
pany, who have more particularly excited themselves (being 
the Frontier & Contiguous to the Enemy) on this Occasion, 
and which in Justice to them, myself and niv Country I 
cannot omit mentioning, or otherwise relieve them as your 



38 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

honors in your known Wisdom and Goodness may think 
best. — 

And your petitioner as in duty hound shall ever pray etc 

Alex r Camphell Lieut Col 
Boston Dec r 1779. of Militia 



Petition of James Cargill. 

To the Hon ble Council and Hon bIe House of Representatives 
of the State of Massachusetts Bay in Xew England in Gen- 
eral Court Assembled December 27, 1779 

The Petition of James Cargill of Newcastle in the County 
of Lincoln and State aforesaid 
Humbly Sheweth 

That He and Company in July 1775 attackt, & took a 
certain Sloop, called Nancy, Peleg Crooker Master, then in 
the Actual Service of the Fleet, and Army, employed against 
the United Colonies of North America : And the said Sloop 
at a fair Tryal, at a Maritime Court for the Eastern District 
of this State, held in the East Precinct of Pownalborough. 
was condemned, and Adjudged to the Benefitt of the Captors. 
And your Petitioner in Consequence of the Laws of this 
State, and placing his Dependance on the Publick Faith, 
made Sale thereof (As by Law he Judges he had a Right 
to do) to Mess rs AVhither's & Langdon, and by them said 
Sloop was sold to Others. That by an Order of this Court 
an Action was commenced against your Petitioner for the 
Recovery of said Sloop at the Superiour Court of Judicature 
and by the Reason the Same Evidences produced at the 
Maritime Court, could not be procured at said Tryal in the 
Superiour Court, he failed. And your Petitioner is now 
sued by said Whithers & Langdon in an Action of £10,000, 
and his Estate Attacht for the recovery of said Sloop, if the 






OF THE STATE OF MAINE 39 

said Action should go against him it will prove his utter 
Ruin. 

Your Petitioner would recommend his Case to the Con- 
sideration of this Court, and pray the Authority of this 
Court to interpose for his Releif so far as shall be consistent 
with their Wisdom & Dignity; and allow him a hearing be- 
fore this Hon ble Court that so he may Shew further Cause 
why he ought not to be thus molested, and prosecuted in the 
Law, when he acts on the publick Faith of the Government, 
pledged to those who engaged in its Defence against the 
Enemy And your Petitioner as in Duty bound shall ever 

pray &c 

James Cargill 
State of Massachusetts Bay. 



Resolve on the Petition of Sartelle Alexander. 
State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Dec 1 " 28, 1779 
On the Petition of Sartell Alexander of Penobscot Town- 
ship No 1, Praying that Some Releaf may be Granted to him 
to Support his Family in this Present Deploreable Case 

Resolved that the Prayer of the Petition Be so far Granted 
as that there be Paid out of the Treasury of this State to 
Sartell Alexander the sum of One Hundred Pound to Enable 
him to support His Family through the Winter 
Scut up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council Dec r 28 th 1779 
Read & Nonconciirred 

John Avery D Sec'y 

In Council Jau y 11 th 1780 

Read again & the Board reconsider their Vote of Xon con- 



40 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



currence passed Dec r 28 th last & concurr with the Hon ble 
House in their vote 

John Avery D Sec'y. 
Warrant drawn Jan y 11 th 1780 



Consented to — 
Jer Powell 
A Ward 
W. Spooner 
Caleb Cushing 
J Fisher 



S Adams 
B. White 
A. Wood 
J. Simpson 
O Prescott 



Tho 8 Durfee 
Aaron Wood 
N. Goodman 
A Fuller 
Jn° Pitts 



Order of Genl Court on petition of Alexander Campbell. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 
In the House of Representatives Dec r 28, 1779 

On the Petition of Alexander Campbell Praying that a 
number of men containd in the Roles Exhibited With his 
Petition may be allowed for their services — Resolved that 
the men who are Mentioned in said Roles be allowed & paid 
the same sum that the men who were Imployed on the late 
Expedition to Penobscot were paid & the Committee on 
Muster Roles are directed to Examine & allow accordingly 

Sent up for Concurrence 



In Council Dec r 28 1779 
Read & Concurred 

John Avery 
Consented to — 
Jere Powell 



John Hancock Spk r 



D Sec'y 



A Ward 
W Spooner 
Caleb Cushing 
B. White 



S. Adams 
J Fisher 
H Gardner 
A. Fuller 
O Prescott 



Jno. Pitts 
Aaron Wood 
Thos Durfee 
D Davis 
N. Goodman 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 41 

Resolves of Gen 1 Court. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Dec r 28 1779 

Whereas by the resolve of this Court of September 15 th 
1779 for making an Establishment for the Troops that late- 
ly served in the Expedition t© Penobscott no provision is 
made for recovering the fire arms delivered out on said 
Expedition 

Therefore 

Resolved that the Commissary of Ordinance Employed 
on said Expedition be and he hereby is directed to Certifie 
under his hand what Number of fire arms he delivered out k 
to whom, with a Copy of all the receipts he received for said 
arms, and Lodge y e same in the Secretaries office as soon as 
May be That the Muster rolls May not be delayed, 

Resolved That the several officers Employed in said Ex- 
pedition, who received any fire arms belonging to the 
State, Stand Chargeable to the State for the same and 
are hereby directed to Call for said arms from the Soldiers 
to whom they were delivered & return the same to the 
Brigadier in the County to which they severally belong and 
the said Brigadiers are hereby directed to receive and store 
said Arms untill the further order of this Court, and give 
a receipt there for to such officers or men from whom they 
receive such Arms, which receipt shall be a proper voucher 
to the Committee on Muster rolls to make up the pay of 
such officers and privates as have received *v. returned the 
same — 

and all officers in Making up their Muster rolls for the 
above services are hereby directed to make up pay for no 
officer nor private but such as Joined the army before the 
retreat, and to insert in their rolls which of the men therein 



42 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

named (if any) have received a state fire arm and whether 
return'd or not return'd, and y e committee on rolls are 
directed that before they pass said rolls to deduct from the 
wages of each man who has received a fire arm & not re- 
turned it, the sum of Twenty five Pounds as payment for 
such arms which have been detained — and where any of y e 
aforesaid arms were lost in actual service, and the person who 
lost the same making solemn oath before some Justice of 
Peace or Town Clerk where no Justice Dwells (who is here- 
by Impowered to Administer of same) That the fire arm or 
arms in his possession and belonging to this State was lost 
in actual service, and that it never was in his power to re- 
cover of same again, and also producing a certificate thereof, 
under the hand of the Justice or Town Clerk who shall ad- 
minister the same, such certificates shall be considered as a 
sufficient voucher to Indemnifie him from bearing the Loss 
of Such fire arm, & the Committes on Muster rolls are not 
to deduct from his wages, the loss of such fire arm notwith- 
standing 



Petition of Alexander Campbell. 

To the Hon ble the Council & Hon ble House of Representa- 
tives of the State of Massachusetts Bay in General Court 
Assembled at Boston Dec 1 " 1779 — 

The Petition of Alexander Campbell 
Humbly Sheweth 

That by the neglect and mistake of the officers called out to 
do Duty at Machias in the year 1777 : Ten persons who were 
there on Actual Service were Omitted being made up in any 
Rolls for their Services at the Time when the British Troops 
made the Attack at said Machias ; And also that on the seven- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 1 3 

teenth day of December last, when the Merrisheet Schooner 
Laden with State Stores from Boston bound to the Garrison 
at said Machias, was Engaged by a British Cruiser and drove 
into y e mouth of Narragansus River, and stood in need of 
Protection, your Petitioner alarm'd and called on Duty 
twenty seven men officers included (of the Militia) agreeable 
to the Role herewith exhibited, which Men & Officers were 
kept on Duty as long as said Vessel continued in said Har- 
bour, the Enemy being still on the Coast, a sufficient Guard 
was put on board & sent with her to Machias, and although 
modesty forbids my Troubling your Honor with matters so 
trifling considering your great hurry of Public Business, still 
when I consider the neglect of the Duty of Officers, will by no 
means make restitution to the Soldiers' for his services, so 
Essentially necessary for the Defence of the Country — Your 
pet r is constrained to pray your Honors will be pleased to 
order that the said Rolls may be paid according to the time 
the officers have attested thereto or otherwise relieve them as 
your Honors in your known Wisdom & Goodness shall think 

best 

and as in duty bound shall pray &c 

Alex r Campbell Lieut Col° 

Militia 



Resolve of Gen 1 Court. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 
In the Llouse of Representatives Decem r 28, 1779 

Whereas the Continental Xavv Board in this department 
have represented to this Court that ('apt. Harker of the 
Continental Sloope Providence did on the seventeenth day 
of July last lend to Col. Josiah Brewer then in the Bervice of 
this State five hundred weighl of Bread which bread has 



44 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



not been returned and said representation appearing to be 

just and well founded — 

Therefore Resolved that the Board of Wars be directed 

and they are hereby accordingly directed to deliver to the 

Continental Navy Board five hundred weight of bread in 

full payment for the bread borrow d as afor d as soon as they 

have it in their power so to do without essential injury to 

the publick service. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 



In Council Dec r 29 th 1779 

Read & Concurred 
Consented to — 
Jer Powell S Adams 

A Ward H Gardner 

W Spooner D Davis 

Caleb Cushing Jno Pitts 

T Cushing J Fisher 



John Avery D Sec'y. 

B. White 
A. Fuller 
0. Prescott 
Thos Durfee 
Aaron Wood 



Statement of 8. Lovell B' G l 

Boston Dec 1 " 30 th 1779 
These — Certify that Col Campbell was requested to bring 
forward as many men from his Regiment to reinforce the 

Army at Bragwaduce as he Could 

S Lovell B r G' — 



Resolve. 

In the House of Representatives Jan y 1 st 1780 

Resolved that the Court of General Sessions of the peace 
for the County of Cumberland be, and they hereby are im- 
powered and directed to allow and grant out of the Treasury 
of said County to those persons who in consequence of an 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



45 



appointment thereto, by the Committees of the several towns 
in said County, represented the same in the Convention held 
at Concord in July last, a reasonable sum for their time and 
expence in attending that service; And to assess the Amount 
thereof upon the Poles & rateable estates within the Baid 
County in the same manner as they are by law directed to 
assess other county charges. 
Sent up for Concurrence 

.John Hancock Spk* 
In Council Jan y st 1780 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Secy 



Consented to 
Jer: Powell 
A. Ward 
W Spooner 
T Daniel son 
S Adams 



J Fisher 
D Davis 

i: White 
H Gardner 

Tho s Durfee 



N Goodman 
O Prescott 
Jn° Pitts 
G Simpson 
Aaron Wood 



Petition of Jonathan Mitchell. 

To the Hon ble the Council and Hon ble House of Representa- 
tives of the State of Massachusetts Bay in General Court 
Assembled at Boston — 

The Petition of Jonathan Mitchell Col° of the Regiment 
Raised in the County of Cumberland for the Penobscot Ex- 
pedition — Humbly Sheweth, — 

That your pet* hath made up the Muster Rolls for Eight 
Companies in his said Regiment, but by an Order of this 
Hon ble Court he is restricted from receiving a Warrant for 
the foot of said Rolls, unless the (inns received by the Several 
Captains are accounted for. — 

That your pet* knows nothing about the Loss of the Guns 
but as your pef was sent to receive the Wages due to the 



46 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Soldiers he is willing that a Stoppage may at present be made 
for the Missing Guns — 

And Humbly prays Your lionet would be pleased to 
Order that he may receive the foot of the Rolls excepting the 
'Missing Guns — 

And as in duty bound shall pray &c 

Jon 1 Mitchell 
Boston 30 th Decern 1 " 1779 

This Certifys that I delivered for y e use of Col Mitchells 
Reg 1 while at Penobscut) Eighty Eight Stand of Arms Com- 
pleat & Ninety four Cartridge Boxes 

Gilbert W Speakman 

Com g Ordnance on ye Penobscut Expedition 
War Office, Boston, Jan y 3 d 1780 
This Certifies that the Muskets, for the Penobscot Expedi- 
tion were charged at £15 p r 

Attest Joseph Chapman J r S y 

War Office, Boston, January 6 th 1780 

This Certifies that the Cartouch Boxes, for the Penobscot 

Expedition were charged by the Board of War at six Pounds 

each 

Joseph Chapman Jr S y 



Petition of Daniel Sullivan. 

To the Hon ble the Council and Hon ble House of Representa- 
tives of the State of Massachusetts Bay in General Court 
Assembled at Boston 

The Petition of Daniel Sullivan Humbly Sheweth, 
That your petitioner had the Honor to Command a Com- 
pany of Voluntiers at the late Unfortunate Expedition to 
Penobscot and at the Request of his Company came up to 
Boston to make up & Exhibit his Muster Roll for payment, 



OF III l. SI All. OP MAINE 1 7 

which Roll the Committee on Rolls have passed, and il now 
lavs with the linn 1 ' 1 " the Council for a Warrant on the Treas- 
ury, hut their Honors arc of opinion thai they cannot give a 

Warrant payable to your petitioner, as your pet* lias not 
Orders from the I adividuals of the ( lompany to Receive their 
pay — Your pet* would beg leave to Observe that he lias 

made up Sundry Rolls for Services to the State, upon all 
which he has always received a Warrant on the Treasury 

for the Foot of his Muster Rolls, and afterwards paid every 
individual man made up in said Rolls his full Wages &c 
without any deduction whatever — and as the several per- 
sons made up in his present Roll live at distances from each 
other, And he at a great Expence & at their desire came up 
Solely to Receive for them their pay 

He humbly prays your Honors would he pleased to Order 
that he may he allowed to receive the foot of his present 
Muster Rolls, he having no Orders notwithstanding 

And as in duty bound shall pray &c 

Dan 1 Sullivan 



Committee of Conference. 

State of Mass t,s Bay 

In Council January s 1 1 7 s <» 

Ordered — That Artemas Ward, Walter Spooner, Sam 1 

Adams, Jabez Fisher, & Timothy Danielson Esq" be a Com- 
mittee on the Part of the Board to confer with such Com- 
mittee as the llon'ble House -.hall Appoint upon the Subject 
Matter of the Report of the Committee of both Bouses ap- 
pointed to consider whether an Attempt to dislodge the 
Enemy from the Tost they hold at penobscol is practicable 
Sent down for Concurrence 

John Averv I > Secv 



4-8 DOCUMENTARY HISTOKY 

In the House of Representatives Jan y 1, 1780 — 

Read & concurred & the Hon 1 M r Paine M r Tudor, Coll 
Whitney, Maj r Holmes & Capt Lovejoy are appointed on the 
part of the House for the purpose aforesaid 

John Hancock Spk r 

In the House of Representatives Jan y 1 st 1780 

Orderd That M r Gorham of Limenhurgh be of the Com- 
mittee to confer with a Committee of the Hon Board relative 
to an Expedition to Penobscot in the room of Maj r Holmes 
excus'd 

Sent up for Concurrence John Hancock Spk r 

In Council Jan y s 1 1780 Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Secy 



Petition of James Brown. 

The Hon ble Council & House of Representatives of the State 
of Massachusetts Bay — 

The Humble Petition of James Brown last Master of the 
Brigantine Samuel on the Penobscot Expedition Gentlemen 
Your Petitioner being Imployd in the above unfortunate 
Expedition & in the Service of this State; takes the Liberty 
to inform your honours I am bound immediately to Sea and 
having not yet received any Consideration for my Services 
humbly Solicits your honours interposition for an immediate 
Settlement in order to make a future provision for my 
Family in my absence & your Petitioner as in duty bound 
will ever pray — 

James Brown 

I hereby Certify that y e above Partitioner was in the 
Imploy Afores d & hath as yet Receiv d no pay 

Josh a Davis Ag 1 Trans port 



OF THE STATE OV MAIM-; !!) 

A Committee of Conference. 

The Committee of both Souses appointed to Consider what 
further application is necessary to be made to Congress rela- 
tive to the Penobscot Expedition have attended the service 
& Report that it will not be Expedient to make any further 
application to Congress relative to this matter untill the 
accounts of the Expenditures that w r ere occasiond by said 
Expedition are Conipleate and it will be necessary that the 
Board of War & the Committee on Muster Rolls be directed 
to Compleat the same as far as they are able with all possible 
Expedition & lodge them with the Secretary in order that 
they may be transmitted to Congress & that the President 
of the Council be Impowered & directed to write to Congress 
Solliciting that the same may be paid 

T dishing p r order 
In Council Jan y 4 th 1780 

Read and accepted & thereupon order'd 



Order of ( 'ouncil. 

State of Mass"' Bay 

In Council Jan' V L780 

Ordered — That Samuel Adams, Timothy Danielson and 
Noah Goodman Esq" be a Commit tee on the part of the 
Board to confer with such Committee as the Hoifble House 
shall appoint upon the Subject Matter of the Propriety ,<\ 
Ordering a Court Martial to set upon the Tryal of Col 
Jonathan Mitchell & Lieut. Col Paul Revere of the Artillery 
who were employed upon the late Penobscot Expedition. 
Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery D Secy 

4 



50 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

In the House of Representatives Jan y 4, 1780 

Read «fc concurred & Coll. Hutchinson Coll Whitney & 

Coll Brown are appointed on the part of the House for the 

purpose abovementioned 

John Hancock Spk r 



Report of Committee. 

That it is the Unanimous Opinion of the Committee of 
Conference appointed to consider the propriety of ordering 
a Court Martial to set upon the trial of Col Jon th Mitchell, 
and Lieu 1 Col Paul Revere of the Artillery, who were em- 
ployed upon the late Penobscot Expedition that there is no 
sufficient Reason why a Court Martial should be Ordered for 
that purpose and that a Committee of both houses of the 
Gen 1 Assembly should be appointed to prepare a proper Re- 
solve accordingly 



Resolve of Genl Court. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Jan y 5 th 1780 

On the Petition of Jon a Mitchell Coll of a Regiment 
raised in the County of Cumberland for the Penobscot Ex- 
pedition, praying that he May be Empowered to Receive the 
foot of his Rolls for s d Regiment deducting the Guns & 
Cartridge boxes Dl d s d Regiment 

Resolved that the Prayer of his Petition be Granted, & 

the Council are hereby Requested to Grant s d Mitchell a 

warrant on y e Treasurer for the foot of his Rolls deducting 

the Guns & Cartridge Boxes Dl d S d Regiment — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 



OF THE STATE OF MAIM-: 



51 



In Council Jan 5 



17so 



Head & Concurred 
Consented to — 
Jer. Powell 
A. Ward 
W Spooner 



Caleb Gushing 
S Adams 
II Gardner 



B White 
J Fisher 

Prescott 
D Davis 
-I Simpson 
Tho 8 Durfee 



John Avery D Secy 

X Coodman 
A. Fuller 
Jn° Pitts 
Aaron Wood 



Cap 1 Kich d Trevct Naval Officer for the Port of York. 

In the House of Representatives 

Jan y 5 1780 

The House by ballot made choice of Capt Tvichard Trevet 

as Naval Officer for the Port of York — for the present Year 

Sent up for Concurrence 



In Council January 5 th 1780 

read & Concurred 

John Aver j 
Consented to — 

Jer Powell 



John Hancock Spk r 



D Secv 



A Ward 
J Cushing 
Caleb Cushing 
W Spooner 



J Fisher 
l; White 
D Davis 
O Prescott 
Aaron Wood 



Tho 9 Durfee 
T Danielson 

Jn° Pitts 
J Simpson 

X ( roodman 



Order to stay proceedings in suit us. Major Stillman. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Whereas it appears to this Court, that a Certain Vessel 
commanded by -lames Littleticld was lately seized at or near 
Machias by Major George Stillman in Consequence of 



52 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Orders from Col° John Allan the Commanding officer there 
on Suspicion of her being employed in an illicit Trade with 
the Enemy ; & the said Vessel has since been libelled & Trial 
remain to be had touching the Premisses, in the Maritime 
Court in the Eastern Department — And whereas the said 
Littlefield hath commenced a Suit in Law against the said 
Stillman for Damages accruing from the Detention of his 
Person & Vessel as aforesaid— Therefore Resolved that 
the said Action or Suit against the said Stillman be stayed 
til the Tryal aforesaid in the Maritime Court Shall be had 
& determined, a Copy of the proceedings of the said Court be 
laid before the General Assembly for further Consideration 



Naval Officer for the Port of Falmouth. 

In the House of Representatives 

Jan y 5 th 1780 

The House by ballot made choice of M r Thomas Child as 

Naval Officer for the Port of Falmouth for the present Year 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 

In Council January 5 th 1780 
Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Secy 



Consented to — 
Jer: Powell 
A. Ward 
W Spooner 
Caleb Gushing 
J Cushing 



B White 
Aaron Wood 
Tho s Durfee 
D Davis 
J Fisher 



T Danielson 
Jn° Pitts 
J Simpson 
N" Goodman 
Oliver Prescott 



OK THE STATE OS MAINE 



53 



Resolve directing the Board of War. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Jan y 5 1780 

On the Petition of Daniel Wright, praying he may be 
allowed & paid for a Certain Sloop, which was his property, 
and was taken from him, by Cap 1 Johnson of the Arm d Brig 1 
Pallas & Employed on the Expedition at Penobscot & was 
afterwards destroyed with y e rest of the Vessells on that 
Expedition — 

Resolved that the Prayer of the Petition be so far granted, 
as that the Board of War be & they are hereby directed to 
Settle with & allow s d Wright, what they think Just & reason- 
able for S d Sloop her appurtenances & Boat — 
Sent up for Concurrence 



In Council Jan y 5 th 1780 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery 
Consented to — 

Jere Powell 
A. Ward 
W Spooner 
T Cushing 
T Daniel son 



John Hancock Spk r 



D Secy 



S Adams 
D Davis 
J Fisher 
Caleb Cushing 
B White 



O Prescott 
N Wood 
Tho s Durfee 
J Simpson 
Jn° Pitts 



Resolve of General Court. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Jan. 5, 1780 
Whereas it is of great consequence to prevent trade being 
carried on between the [inhabitants of these States and the 
Enemy, therefore resolved that any civil prosecution that 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



has or may be, levied against Major George Stillman in con- 
sequence of orders from Col John Allen of Machias for 
apprehending and detaining Cap 1 James Littlefield for trad- 
ing with the Enemies of this or the United States be stayed 
until further orders of the General Court 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock, Spk r 
In Council Jan y 6 th 1780 

Read & Concurred as taken into a New Draught 

Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery D Sec'y 

In the House of Representatives Jan y 7 1780 

Read & Concurred 

John Hancock Spk r 



Consented to : 
Jer Powell 
A Ward 
W. Spooner 
Caleb Gushing 
T. dishing 



B. White 
H. Gardner 
J. Fisher 
O. Prescott 
J Simpson 



T. Danielson 
Jn° Pitts 
Aaron Wood 
Tho s Durfee 
X. Goodman 



Resolve directing the Board of War. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Jan y 5 th 1780 

On the petition of Peleg Wadsworth Esq 1- 

Resolved, that the Board of War be, and hereby are 
directed, to deliver Peleg Wadsworth Esq. Seven Axes, 
fifteen pounds of Iron, one hundred and ninety eight pounds 
of Pot Iron, Six beef Barrels, three quires of paper, one 
blank book contain'g three quires of paper, fifty seven & half 
bush Salt A which said Wadsworth delivered to Waterman 
Thomas Esq 1 " Com y & Q Master at Camden for the use of 



OF THE BTATB OF MAINE 



:,:, 



the Troops nt that Port Aug -'50, 1779. the said ( ommissary 
Thomas to Accounl wiili the Board of War for said Articles 
Sent up for ( 'oncurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council Jan' K)"' 1780 

Read \- Concurred with an Amendment at A 
Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery D Sec'y 

At A insert deducting the Customary Freight and wastage 
and to deliver Home made Salt in lieu thereof or Foreign 
Salt in proportion — 

In the House of Representatives Jan y 11 — 1780 
Read & concurred 



Consented to — 
Jere Powell 
A. Ward 
W. Spooner 
Caleb Gushing 
T Cushing 



J Fisher 
B White 
D. Davis 
O Prescott 
T. Danielson 



John Hancock Spk r 

J. Simpson 
Jn° Pitts 
Tho s Durfee 
.V a ron Wood 
N Goodman 



The Petition of Peleg Wadsworth. 

To the Whole Court 

The Petition of Peleg Wadsworth humbly Shews that in 
August Last he lent to the Commissary & Quartermaster at 
( amhdon for the Use of the Troops at that Porl Sundry 
Articles hereafter mention'd & as your Petitioner is in want 
lit' them again he humbly prays your Honours would order 
s' ! Articles to he replaced to him in Boston & your Petitioner 
as in Duty Bound Shall ever pray 



Boston 5 lh Jan y 1780 



Peleg Wadsworth 



5(5 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Deliver'd to Waterman Thomas Esq 1 " Comissary & Quart 1 " 
M 30 th Aug 1 1779 

7 Axes. 15 ft Iron. 198 ft Pot Iron. 6 Beef Barrels. 

3 Quires Paper. 1 Blank Book, containing 3 Quires Paper. 

57V2 Bushels Salt. 

Peleg Wadsworth 



Naval Officer for the Port of Penobscot. 

hi the House of Representatives Jan y 5 1780 

The House by ballot made choice of Capt Nicholas Crosby 
as Xaval Officer for the Port of Penobscot for the present 
Year 
Sent up for Concurrence 



In Council January 5 th 1780 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery 
Consented to — 

Jer Powell J Fisher 

A Ward B White 

W Spooner D Davis 

Caleb Cushing O Prescott 

J Cushing Aaron Wood 



John Hancock Spk r 



D Secy 



T Danielson 
Jn° Pitts 
J Simpson 
Tho s Durfee 
X Goodman 



A Grant of £200,000 to the Board of War. 

To the Honble the Council and House of Representatives — 
The Board of War beg leave to represent — 

That in the Schedule which they had the Honor to lay 
before the House in September last they stated the price of 
Provisions at less than half the present rate and Cloathing 



<>K THE STATE OF MAINE 57 

Tor the Officers at not more than one sixth pari of what they 
are now obliged to give — 

This enormous and rapid increase (and Still increasing) 
rise of those Articles has almost exhausted the Grants made 
us by the Honble Court in their former Sessions and it' -till 
to be prosecuted will require a very large and speedy supply 
the Board therefore submit to your Honors the making such 
further grants as may be necessary for carrying into effect 
the several Orders with which we have the Honor to be in- 
trusted, before the Court goes into a recess 

John Browne pr Order 



Report of Committee relative to accounts to be submitted to 

Congress. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Jan" 7 lh 1780 
The Committee appointed to take into Consideration the 
report of the Committee of both Houses respecting the neces- 
sity of making application to Congress relative to the 
Penobscot Expedition are of the oppinion that it will be 
inexpediant to make any further application to Congress 
relative to this matter until! the Accounts of the Expendi- 
tures that were occasioned by said Expedition are Com- 
pleated therefore Resolved that the Board of War the 
Committee on muster rolls <$: the Committee on Accounts be 
and hereby are accordingly directed to Compleal as far as 
they are able with all possible Expedition the Several 
Charges arising from the Penobscot Expedition to them 
respectively exhibited and Lodge them with the Secretary 
and that the A President, of the ( ouncil he requested to Trans- 
mit them to Conaress and also to write to Congress Bollisiting 



:.s 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



in the name aud behalf of this State the payments of the 

same — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council Jan y 7 th 1780 

Read & Concurred with an Amendment at A viz at A dele 
President and insert Major Part 

Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery D Sec'y. 

In the House of Representatives Jan y 7 th 17S0 



Read & Concurred 



Consented to — 
Jer Powell 
A Ward 
W Spooner 
Caleb Cushing 
Sam 1 Adams 
T Danielson 



J Fisher 
B. White 
Jn° Pitts 
Oliver Prescott 
A Fuller 
J Simpson 



John Hancock Spk r 

D. Davis 
Aaron Wood 
N Goodman 
Thos Durfee 



Directions to Board of War. 

That the Board of War & the Committee of Muster Rolls 
be & hereby are accordingly directed to Compleat as far as 
they are able with all possible expedition & Lodge them with 
the Secretary & that the President of the Council be & here- 
by is impowered & directed to Transmit them to Congress & 
also to write a Letter to the Congress Solliciting, in the name 
& behalf of this State, the payment of y e same 
Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery D Secy 



OF THE STATE OF MAIM: 



59 



Resolve Making an Establishment for a Chaplin. 

Stale of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives -Fair the 6 — 1780 

Whereas it appears to this Court thai their is no Establish- 
ment for the Chaplin who served in the Canipain at Penob- 
scot therefore 

Resolved that their be alowed and paid out of the Publiek 
treasury of this State to the above said Chaplin the sum of 
forty Pound p r Calender Month in addition to the Conti- 
nental pay and Rations 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
pass d 

In Council Jan* 7 th 1780 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D. Sec'y 
Consented to — 

Jer Powell 

A Ward 

W Spooner 

Caleb Cushing 

T. Cushing 



J. Fisher 
B. White 
H. Gardner 
D. Davis 
0. Prescott 



•I Simpson 
Jn° Pitts 
Aaron Wood 
Tho s Durfee 
T. Danielson 



Resolve directing the assessors of Fryburg. 

State of Massachusetts Bay. 

In the House of Representatives Jan y G, 1780 
Whereas y° Assessors of y e Town of Fryhurg did not re- 
ceive y e Requisition from the Gen 1 Courts ordering them to 
render an Account of y e Rolls and Rateable Estate within 
s d Town till after y e last Valuation was settled: And upon 
being since required thereto, the s d Assessors have returned 
to this Court a fair List of s d Polls & rateable Estate, from 



60 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



which it appears that said Town is greatly injured by y e 
Sums at which they are Assessed in the two last Tax Acts — 
provided the Rateable property in s d Town is set by s d 
Assessors in a just & equal proportion according to its real 
worth, with y e rateable property in the other parts of y e 
County in which s d Town of Fry burg lies — Therefore, 
Resolved that y e Assessors of y e Town of Fryburg be & they 
hereby are directed to Assess y e Polls & rateable Estate with- 
in s d Town the Sums assigned to them in the Tax Act of 
June last — And s d Assessors are directed to stay all pro- 
ceedings upon y e last Tax Act till a Revision of y e Valua- 
tion shall take Place — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

In Council Jan y 6 th 1780 
Read & Concurred 

John Avery 
Consented to — 

Jer Powell 
A. Ward 
Thos Durfee 
W. Spooner 
Caleb Gushing 



John Hancock Spk r 



D Sec y 



Oliver Prescott 
T Danielson 
D Davis 
Jn° Pitts 
Aaron Wood 



J. Simpson 
B. White 
J. Fisher 
N. Goodman 
A Fuller 



Si 



Duplicates of Letters sent the Gen 11 Court 

(Copy) Machias Jan y 6 th 1780 



My last was of the 29 th ]STov. before which I wrote several 
since I heard from the Westward, — It may be easily Con- 
jectured the Situation I must be in, for want of Necessary 
supplys to support the Indians & Convince them of the Good 
Intention of the States, at present not but 12 Barrells Beef 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE <I 1 

& Pork & some butter to support about 400 Mouth, Butter 
there is in plenty, which I have been Changeing for Vigi- 
tables, have been along shore myself & done the utmost in 

my Power in this respect to give Satisfaction, the Greatest 
Advantages is taken by people & many will not even supply 
whal is in their Power — Powder is grown Short, no Balls 
for their Hunt, in a word I Cannot keep them Together 
above three weeks at furthest, the Different Species not being 
regularly laid in, Consumes by it what there is most of 
immediately for none will Exchange or Sell but on the great- 
est advantage, nor Can I get anything done which Necessity 
may require, without giving Provisions in Lieu — 

November 1 st 177'.> 
By not having matters regular the Consumption of Pro- 
visions & the General Expence makes an infinate odds — the 
Last supplys which arrived was not above the Third Part 
Voted by Court & the Amaizing prices bro't the Supplvs to 
be in a Manner nothing to the Demand— The State of the 
Indians has now become Precarious, their seeing the In- 
digency of the Department discourages them a Body from 
Canada has got on S l John's who Threatens, making an 
Excursion this Way — Three Strange Indians were seen 
about Two days Journey from this who Secreted themselves, 
has given a great Alarm — 

Intelligence I rec d Authentic that Large Premiums is 
offered by the Government of Nova Scotia & Canada. Either 
to take me alive or Scalp — a Canadian Indian which is 
here has been Kxainin'd before our Indians for Threatning 
but pleads his Innocence, however he setts of in a few days 
(as he says) a hunting but pretty Certain intends for 
Canada — There is not a night I bye down but I Expect to 
be surprized before .Morning as soon as all the Snow falls, 
to make it good for Snow shoes. 1 shall hourly Expect a 



62 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Banditee from Canada if not sooner I Trust Government 
will not leave me in this Situation. 

Shou'd nothing interfere before the most Early break g up 
in the Spring, and not Disagreeable to Government, I propose 
moving to the River S* Croix or Maggaguadawaya the 
Boundarys between Accadia & Province of main settled 
formerly between the French & British Courts, the Advan- 
tages arrising I shall Communicate in my Next, — I Earnest- 
ly request a Speedy Determination respecting this Depart- 
ment I have the Honor to be with much respect Sir Your 

most obedient 

Hble Serv 1 

J. Allan 
The Hon'ble Jer : Powell Esq r 

In Council March 21' 1780 

Read & thereupon Ordered — That William Sever Esq 

with such as the Hon'ble House shall join be a Committee 

to consider this Letter and the Papers Accompanying the 

Same & report what may be proper to be done thereon 

Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery D Secy 

In the House of Representatives Mar 22, 1780 

Read & concurred & Maj r Cross & M r Stickney are joined 

John Hancock Spk r 



Resolution of General Court on petition of Stephen Hall et al. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Jan y 9 th 1777 
On the Petition of Stephen Hall & Peleg Crooker — 

Resolved, That Stephen Hall & Peleg Crooker, Owners of 
a Certain Sloop called the Nancy, burthened about eighty 



OF THE STATE OF MA INK 63 

tons, againsl which Sloop and her Cargo a Libel was filed 
on the 5 th Day of July hist, in the Maritime Courl for the 
Eastern Distrid of this State, by James Cargill, in behalf 

of himself and others; whereupon the same Sloop her Appur- 
tenances ami Cargo, were by a Decree of the same Courl 
adjudged to be forfeit and to he distributed accordingly, 

have, upon their paying the Costs of Prosecution taxed in 
said Court, being Eight Pounds, seventeen shillings & nine 
pence, leave to Hie their Claim to the said Sloop, her <argo 
& Appurtenances at the next Superior Court of Judicature, 
Court of Assize & General Goal Delivery, to be held within 
the District of the said Maritime Court: And the said 
Superior Court of Judicature, & c , are hereby impowered and 
directed to take Cognizance thereof, and permit the like pro- 
ceedings and judgmenl to be had and given thereon in all 
respects whatever, as woud and right to have been had and 
given in case the said Hall and Crooker had duly tiled and 
prosecuted their ( 'hum to said Sloop & her Cargo in the said 
.Maritime Court and regularly appeal'd from the judgment 
thereof: Provided that the said Hall and Crooker shall file 
their Claim in the Office of the Superior Court of Judicature 
& c and serve the said Cargill, or others concerned therein 
with a Copy of such claim, attested by the Clerk of the same 
Court, Thirty Days at least before the sitting of the same 
Court for the Trial thereof. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

.1 Warren Spk r 
In Council January !>"' 1777 
read & Concurred 

John Avery D y Secy 
Consented to by the Major part of the Council 
A true Copy 

Attest 

Jn° Averv D Secv 



64 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

The Petition of William Lithgow Jun T 

To the Honourable the House of Representatives of the State 
of Massachusetts Bay, humbly Sheweth 

That your Petitioner has had the Command of a Detach- 
ment of Men raised for the defence of the Eastern parts of 
this State, whose term of service expired the first day of 
Xovember last & for whom he is informed no establishment 
has been made as yet, he therefore prays that your Honors 
would be pleased to fix on some Establishment respecting 
said Detachment before the honorable Court rises as the 
Troops are generally auxious to know what they are to expect 
for the service aforesaid ; and your Petitioner will pray &c 

Will m Lithgow Jun r 
Boston Jan y 11 th 1780 



Resolve of Council in re allowance to Staff Officers. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In House of Representatives Jan y 11- — 1780 

Whereas it appears to this Court that their is no Establish- 
ment for the General and Staff officers on the Expedition to 
Penobscot 

Resolved that their be alowed and Paid out of the Publick 
Treasury of this State to Each of the General and Staff 
officers who Served at Penobscot in addition to their Con- 
tinantial Pay and Rations the Sums hear after mentioned 
for each Collective Month viz to the Commanding officer 
Ninety Pounds ; to the Second in Command Seventy five 
I '(Hinds, to the Chief Enginier, Surgeon General, and Com- 
missary General, forty five Pounds; to the Adjutant General, 
Secretary, Quartermaster General, and Commissary of ordi- 
nance, thirty five pounds: To the Deputy Commassary of 



OF THE STATE OK MAINE 



65 



Provisions, deputy Commassary of ordinance, and Deputy 

Quarter master, thirty Pounds. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

In Council Jan y 12 l " 1780 John Hancock Spk r 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Sec'y. 
Consented to — 

Jere Powell S. Adams J Simpson 

A Ward H. Gardner A Fuller 

W. Spooner T. Danielson Jn° Pitts 

Caleb dishing O. Prescott Aaron Wood 

T Gushing 1 ! White Tho s Durf ee 

lie port on pel i lion of Col. CargUl. 

House of Representatives Jan ry 12 th 1780 
the Committee to whom was Reffer d the Petition of Col 
James Qargill, praying for Allowance for himself and two 
Hundred & fifty men, Employ* by him, in the year 1775 on 
an Expidition to Penobscot, in Order to Prevent the Enemy 
from Loading thicr Vessels with wood and other Stores for 
the use of the British Troops at Boston — Beg Leave to 
Report, By Way of Resolve Resolved that tnere be paid 
out of the Publick Treasury of this State, to Col James 
Cargill the Sum of four thousand five Hundred pounds, in 
full for his Services, on Said Expedition 

Pass'd in the Negative Jan" 12, 1780 J H Spk r 



Resolve of (Ion nil Court relative In the Board of War. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives -Ian' 18* 1780 
Whereas it appears to this Court, that the Grants made to 
y e Board of War. proceeding this Hate, are quite inadequate 



66 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

to the Purpose of carrying the Order of y e Gen 1 Court into 
Execution, by reason of y e rapid Rise of y e Prices of y e 
Articles, they are directed to procure — Therefore 

Eesolved that the Treasurer of this State be & hereby is 
directed to pay to the Board of War of this State the Sum 
of Two hundred thousand Pounds to enable them to carry 
into Effect the several Orders of the Gen 1 Court — the s d 
Board of War to be accountable for the Expenditure of the 

same 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council Jan y 13 th 1780 
Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Sec'y. 
Consented to — 

Jer: Powell S Adams J Simpson 

A Ward B White Aaron Wood 

W Spooner Oliver Prescott D Davis 

Caleb dishing A. Fuller N Goodman 

H Gardner Jn° Pitts 

T. Danielson Tho s Durfee 



Resolve in relation to stay of Executions vs. Town of 

Fryeburg. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Jan y 13 17S0 
Whereas the Assessors of the Town of Fryeburg have not 
yet received the late determenation of this Court respecting 
the taxes assessed on said Town Resolved that the Treasurer 
be, and he is hereby directed to stay his executions against 
the Collectors of the town of Fryeburg 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 



OF THE STATE OE MAINE 



07 



In Council Jan* 1:5 th 1780 

Read & Concurred with an amendment at A Viz 1 at A 

'till further Order of this Court 

Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery D Sec'y 

In the House of Representatives Jan y 14 — 1780 

Read & concurred 

John Hancock Spk r 

Consented to 

Jer Powell 

A Ward 

W Spooner 

S Adams 

T dishing 

T. Danielson 



J Fisher 
B White 
Oliver Prescott 
J Simpson 
Caleb Cushing 
Aaron Wood 



Jn° Pitts 
Thomas Durfee 
D. Davis 
A. Fuller 



Petition of Col. Revere. 

Gentlemen 1 must once more beg your Honors indulgence 
on a matter that so nearly affects me; it is more than four 
months since I was arrested by your Honors, and Ordered 
to give up the command of the Castle and repair to my 
House in Boston, and there confine my self: since which 
time I have received no Order, either to joyn my Corps, or 
repair to the Castle: the men bave been Orderd to Huston, 
and the command of them given to Major Rice; altho I have 
never been deprived of the Command of the Corps, by any 
Order, which I have received from your Honors; Twice I 
have petitioned your Honors and once the House of Repre- 
sentatives for a Court Martial hut have not obtained one. I 
beleive that neither the Annals of America, or Old Kntrland. 



68 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

can furnish an Instance (except in despotick Reigns) where 
an Officer was put under an arrest, and he petitioned for 
a Trval, (altho the Arrest was taken off) that it was not 
granted. The complaint upon which my arrest was 
founded, are amongst your Honors papers and there will 
remain an everlasting monument of my disgrace if I do not 
prove they are false ; is there any other legal way to prove 
them false, than by a Court Martial ? Have not I a Right 
to demand one ? Are not fifteen of your Honors, according 
to the present Constitution, a Governor ? and is not the 
Governor Captain General ? and is not the Cap* General 
the source, from which the Court Martial must be appointed ? 
It is indiferent to me who are the members of the Court, 
provided they are not my personal Enemies, and are honest 
Men, It is reported thro the State, that I have been broke 
and cashered (I have heard of it more than once) and lay 
under every disgrace that the malice of my enemies can 
invent, and it will remain so till the Facts are published. 

I would once more Pray your Honors that you would grant 
me a Trval by a Court Martial. I further pray your Honors, 
that you would Order the Commissary General, to deliver me 
my back Rations, for by reason of my being confined to 
Boston, I have not been able to get any, since the last day of 
June, except what I drew at Penobscot. I have been main- 
taining a Family of Twelve ever since, out of the remains 
of what I have earned by twenty years hard labour ; expect- 
ing every week for near four months, that my affairs would 
be settled, and am now brought to almost the last shilling. 
Your Honors taking the above into your wise consideration 
and granting as pray'd for will greatly oblige 

Your Suffering Humble Servant 

Paul Revere 
Boston Jan y 17 1780 






OF THE STATE OF MAINE 69 

Application of Major Will'" Lifhgow. 

To the Eonourable the Council of the State of Massachusetts 
Bay, The Memorial of William Lithgow Jun r Sheweth, 

That during his late Command a1 the Eastward, a small 
Boat considerably damaged was found on Penobscot River, 
which, as She belonged to one of the American Fleet de- 
stroyd there, was considered by your Memorialist as public 
property, & at the Expiration of his said Command was 
therefore deposited in the hands of a M r William ( Gregory 
of Cambdem with instructions not to deliver her to any but 
by Order of Council; & as your Memorialist is at present in 
want of a Boat, occasioned by his own Boat being much 
injured in the public service in the Course of the Summer 
past, he therefore prays your honors that an Order of the 
Hon ble Council may issue in favor of your Memorialist 
impowering him or his Order to take the s d Boat into 
possession & improve her until! wanted for public use, an 
indulgence which he flatters himself the IIon ble Council will 
not hesitate in granting, in consideration of his having made 
no charge against the State either for the use of, or the 
Damage done his s d Boat while in the Service aforesaid, & 
your Memorialist will ever pray &c 

W m Lithgow Jun r 
Boston, Jan y 19 lh 1780 

In Council Jan y 19 th 1780 

Read & Ordered that Major Will" 1 Lithgow be and he 
hereby is impowered and permitted to take Possession of a 
small Boat which is now in the Hands of M r William (Jregory 
of Campden in the County of Lincoln & which belonged to 
one of the American Fleet destroyed upon the Penobscot 
Expedition and keep the Same in his Possession 'till further 
Order of Council 

Attest John Avery D Secy 



70 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petition of Alexander Campbell. 

To the Hon ble , the Council and Hon ble House of Representa- 
tives of the State of Massachusetts Bay, in Gen 1 Court As- 
sembled at Boston — Jan. 20, 1780 

The Petition of Alex 1 " Campbel in behalf of the In- 
habitants, of the eastern Part of this State and of Col. John 
Allan, commanding officer at Machias, — . . — Humbly 
Sheweth ■ — 

That the precarious scituation of that part of State, and 
the department your Petitioner has the Honor to represent, 
compels him to lay before Your honors the peculiar circum- 
stances of the People at large, eastward of Penobscutt, as 
well the perticular case of Col. John Allan, aforemention'd 
— More especially when Your Petitioner considers the 
Hon ble Court is very soon to adjourn, to some future day 
"When representations or measures, may be too late for the 
Security, of the Country, previous to which Your honors, 
will please to permit your Petitioner In behalf of the people, 
to return his most gratefull Acknowledgements, for the 
favours, lately granted as well as others heretofore, Granted, 
& however these Indulgences, may or ought to animate, the 
mind of every person, of principle, Still so long as Brittish 
Troops hold their Post at Penobscutt, by which means our 
communication, is cutt of, unless some Yigorous Exertions, 
take place, by which, the enemy in Said place, may be dis- 
lodged, or the Country otherway's Defended, it appears 
impossible for the distres d Inhabitants, to repel the force 
they are threatned with, the Approaching Season — , 

Your Petitioner begs leave further to inform your 
Honours, that he left the Departm 1 At Machias the eighteenth 
day of Xov 1 * — last at which time, the Fort which was began 
Since The defeat at Bagaduce was in a proper Scituation of 
defence, Sufficient to contain one hund d Men — With proper 



OF THE STATE OK MAIM-; 71 

Barracks, to accomodate them, that from the time of aaid 
defeat, the Garrison was Principly Supported by a Small 
pari of militia Drawn out with the greatesl dificulty.. except 
about Eighl or ten Continental Troops, not more than what 
is necessary to pursue Indian affairs,- -nor has it been in 
Col. Aliens power Since he receiv'd orders so late in the year 
1 7 7 '. > to Enlist, any Soldiers in thai Country, That — Not- 
withstanding, there is a Strong Fort- — well Scituated for 
the defence of the place, Sufficient of Cannon And Artillery 
Stores lo defend it, Still there is no Troops to Guard it. in 
consequence of which, tis Evidenl the depart 1 is Supported, 
(& has been) By a number of Indians which Col. Allen has 
Collected, at and near the River Machias — How long it will 
he in his power, lo detain them is very uncertain, as he can- 
not Supply them with Bread, and many other Necessaries 
which they are In want of — Yonr Petitioner, deliver'd Col: 
Aliens Letters, and dispatches to the Hon 1 Council, the 
fourth of Decern'' last, which have been laid hefore Your 
honor-;, and committed, the report of your Honors Com- 
mittee, thereon has not yet come to View, upon the whole, 
your petitioners earnestly begs Your honors attention a few 
minuets, — 

is any command 11 officer, in this State, nay I will venture 
to add on the Continent So unhappy, So unfortunate, and so 
dangerously Scituated, as Col. Allen now is, — surrounded 
by the Enemy on every side. Destruction threat'ned from all 
Quarters, from their numbers and power, possesd with every 
artifice, and means to insinuate — 

I say may it please your honors when not only the defence 
of that part of the Country hut a valuable Enterest the prop- 
erty of the State, is depending on the Faith of Savages, 
oppos'd to the force of Britain— What can be expected, or 
rather what may not be Expected, hut that the whole must 



72 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

soon fall an easy prey, to our enemies, this must be ex- 
treemly Disagreable, to an officer of Spirit, who has fled, 
from Tyranny, and engaged under the Banners of America 
And permit me further to add, has under the most Difficult 
circumstances, disadvantages, and inconveniences, in every 
Period since he has had the honor to be concern'd in that 
Quarter Plentifully Prov'd his attachment to the Liberties 
of America Who has and Still retains, a very large Majority 
of the eastern Indians, in f av r of the american Cause — 

Wherefore your Petitioner humbly prays Your honours 
will be pleas'd, to take the perticular Circumstances, of the 
said department, as well the peculiar Situation of that 
Gentleman, into your wise, and serious consideration, and 
take such order thereon, whereby Said Garrison may be 
protected And the possesion of that Country Secured to the 
State 

And as in duty bound shall ever pray 

The foregoing Petition I have laid before the house of 
Representatives Previous to their Rising — They directed 
me to withdraw the Petition, giving me this reason ; that the 
Hon ble Council was Invested with sufficient Powers to de- 
termine on Any matters, Respecting the Safety of that 
Department,- — I now beg leave to lay the same before Your 
honour, with this addition, earnestly praying Your Hon rs 
may consider the whole matter, And order, that two Com- 
panies of men may be Immediately Rais'd from the Western 
parts And sent down for the protection of that — Country, 
otherwise in my opinion the department, is Lost, or direct 
your petitioner as You in Your Known Wisdom may think 

Best — 

Alex: Campbell 

Agent for Col. Allen 
Boston 20 th January 1780 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 73 

Order of General Court I" stay proceedings against J. Cargill. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives I'l Jan 17*0 
Whereas at an Interim' Courl of common Pleas holden at 

E^wnalborough within & for the County of Lincoln on the 
firsl Sunday of this presenl month. 

Ebenezer Whit tier and John Langdorj Jun p both of 
Pownalborough aforesaid yeomen, recovered Judgment 

against -lames Cargill of New Castle in the same county 
Gentleman, for the sum of thirteen thousand, one hundred 
cV twenty three pounds, eighteen shillings Damages i: twenty 
two pounds & sixteen shillings Costs. 

I 'pon the petition of the said -lames Cargill it is of the 
said Judgment resolved that the Exec'n be stayed untill the 
third Wednesday of the next Session of this Court, and the 
Sheriffs of each of the Counties in this State and their re- 
spective Deputies and under Sheriffs are hereby directed and 
commanded in the mean time not to execute or serve any 
Execution of the Judgment aforesaid either on the Person 
or any Part of the Estate of the said James Cargill. and the 
said Ebenezer Whittier & John Langdon, are by the said 
James Cargill, to be served with a Copy hereof, to shew 
Cause if any they have wherefore the said Judgment should 
be executed 

Sent up for Concurrence John Hancock Spk r 
In Council June 23 d 1780 

Read A: Concurred John Avery 1) Sec'y. 

Consented to — 

J Bowdoin T Danielson E Brooks 

Jer: Powell J Stone Aaron Wood 

W Spooner A. Fuller Sam 1 Baker 

R. T. Paine J. Simpson S Choate 

B. White Jn° Pitts 



74 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter from Mr Lovell & Gerry 

Philadelphia 23 rd Jan y 1780 
Sir 

The Bearer Colo Ephraim Blaine is lately appointed Com- 
missary General of Purchases in y e room of Colo Wadsworth, 
& is on a Tour to Morton to make y e necessary arrangements 
of his Department. He informs us that he has no Connec- 
tion or Acquaintance in that Quarter, & is desirous of estab- 
lishing such as will best promote y e business of his office. We 
conceive it of y e utmost Importance that this should be accom- 
plished, & have taken y e liberty to recommend him, thro You 
Sir, to y e hona Council of y e State for advice & assistance. 
We have lately had y e most painful Prospects from y e Want 
of Provisions for the Army, but sincerely hope that y e 
activity & y e zeal of this officer, & ye subsequent Exertions 
of y e Several States will speedily furnish y e supplies required 
for y e ensuing Campaign — We remain sir with every senti- 
ment of respect your most obed & very humb servts. — 

E Gerry 
James Lovell 



Letter from Atex r Campbell. 

To the Hon ble Council of the State of Massachusetts Bay — 

January 25 th 1780 
May it please Your Honors jSTot long since, I had the honor 
of laying before The Honb le Board, the defenceless Scituation 
of The Country, Eastward of Penobscot as also the Peculiar 
circumstances of Col. John Allen Commanding Officer at 
Machias — I now beg Leave further to add, that I think men 
may Be rais'd for the defence of that Country, — on the 
encouragement your Llonors may please to Establish, — with 



OF THE STATE OF MAIM'; ~ ~> 

such Bounties, as may be given By the several Towns, where 
they may be rais'd A n<l westward of Penobscutt River — 
and pr<>\ ided an Expedition should take place againsl Penob- 

scott — the men, will be ready there on the Spot!, to Join 
tlie Troops,- The Kxpediting of This Matter, will not only 
encourage, the [inhabitants hut [ndians, and in my Opinion 
will Save the Country, — 

is it Possible the State of Massachusetts Bay is so relax'd 
that a measure of this nature can by no means take place, — 
For the Salvation of more than one third part of the State, 
in extent, when the very Land Contain'd in their Boundaries 
will more than Defray, the whole expence of the War, — 
besides A number of faithfull friends to the Country have 
expended, the chief of Substance in the Cause — And at last 
Submit to the Boundless, Ravages and distraction of the 
inveterate Enemies Heavens, forbid, that it may be the Case 
And make no doubt, that your Honors on maturely consider- 
ing the matter, will prevent the impending Ruin, which, 
otherways must Lneviteably, attend that part of the Country 

Your Honors Goodness will Pardon me, when Your 
honors must he Sensible I Speak feelingly, in behalf of my 
Country I have represented Facts, & am perswaded That 
unless some Vigorous exertion's takes place Your Honours 
& the whole State, will feel without Redress the disagreeable 
Loss of That part of the State — 

Upon the whole, as the feelings of humanity must effect 
the minds of mankind in (Jen 1 , — am Sensible Vour Honors 
cannol besitate in — aleviating the distresses of those who 
with" The generous interposition, of your Honors Mhist, in 
the process of a little Time be renderd Truly Wreatched. — 

I am with Respect Your Honor most ( )bt & most dev< 
Ser 1 

Allex r Campbell 



76 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Resolve of General Court in re Indian Supplies. 

State of Mass tts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Jan y 5 th 1780 

Whereas it is of very great importance that the Indians 
in the Eastern department be retained in the Interest of 
these States, therefore, 

Resolved, that the Board of War be and hereby are directed 
to exert themselves in every possible measure to procure the 
following articles and send them to Colonel Allen or his 
Order for the supply of the Indians at Machias — Viz 1 Five 
thousand pounds weight of Bread, four thousand pounds of 
Rice, ten Barrels of Flour — one Thousand pounds of 
Powder, three thousand pounds of Duck Shott — three thou- 
sand pounds of Ball Three Thousand Flints — One Hundred 
Blankets — Ten pieces of Strouds & Five Hundred bushels 

of Corn 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council Jan y 6 th 1780 
Read & Concurred 



Consented to — 
Jer Powell 
A. Ward 
Tho s Durfee 
W. Spooner 
Oliver Prescott 



T. Danielson 
Caleb Gushing 
B. White 
J. Fisher 
D. Davis 



John Avery D Secy 

A. Fuller 
J. Simpson 
Jn° Pitts 
Aaron Wood 
N. Goodman 



Genl n 



Enoch Ilsley to Board of War. 

Falm y e 25 l Jan y 1780 



I Beg leave to acquaint your Hon rs That John Lewis 
Esq r desired me to receive Cloathing from the select men of 



OF THE 8TATE OF MAINE 77 

this & pome other Neighbouring towns in the County of 
Cumberland, and to pack them in Cask 6: Sen.] them to 
Boston, to Your IIon rs I have Receivd of the selectmen 
ofFalm 71 p r shoose, — 36 shirts & 70p r Stokins 

ofGorham 12 p r shoose — 15shirts — 3p r Stokens 

of Pearsontown 1 1 p r shoose — 11 shirts — llp r stokens 

94 62 90 

All which I have packed in a hogsett & Ship'd it on Board 
the sloop Swan \Y m Harper Master as p r his Receipt Enclosd 
which pleas to Receive & pay the freighl 

I am with Due Respect Your Hon" Most Obecl 1 Humh 1 
Serv 1 Enoch Ilsley 

P. S. also Eight p r More Shoose from the selectmen of 
Falm 
The Hon ble Board of Warr Boston 

Received of Enoch Ilsley in good Order on board the sloop 
Swan my self Master, One hogshead of shirts stokens & 
shoose, which I promise to Deliver in like good Order in 
Boston to the Hon blr Hoard of Warr. they paying freight for 
the same as Customary (Dangers of the seas Excepted) 
haveing signed two Receipts of this tennor cV date one of 
which being Accomplished the other to be Void also t s p r 
Shoose in bundle 

Will' 11 Harper 
Falm y r 21 st Jan' 1780 

Order on Petition of Joseph Frye Esqr. 

The following order passed on the Petition of Joseph 
Frye Esq r viz — 

In the House of Representatives dune 25 th 177- 

Resolved, that the Government receive back the four 
thousand one hundred and forty seven acres of the Land in 



78 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the West corner of the Township at Pigwacket in the County 
of York which was granted to the Petitioner in A. D. 1762 
and confirni'd in 1763 as appears by the Plan herewith 
exhibited, and that in lieu thereof there be granted him the 
same quantity of the Governments Land as Prayed for in 
said Petition, with liberty to lay it out adjoining to the 
Northwardly or Northeastwardly part of his Township, so 
as not to interfere with any former grant, and that he return 
to this Court a Plan thereof taken by a Surveyor and Chain- 
men under Oath for acceptance and confirmation in twelve 
months from this time — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

T dishing Spk r 
In Council June 26 th 1772 

Read and Concurred Thos Plucker Sec y 

Consented to — 

T. Hutchinson 

To all People to whom these Presents shall come, Joseph 
Frye of a new Township called Fryeburg in the county of 
York and Province of the Massachusetts Bay in New Eng- 
land Esq r Sendeth Greeting — 

Whereas the great and general Court of said Province in 
their Session in the month of June in the year of our Lord 
one thousand, seven hundred, and seventy two ; In Conse- 
quence of the Petition of me the said Joseph Frye, Shewing 
the Necessity which I and my Associates were under of re- 
turning back to the Province four thousand one hundred and 
forty seven Acres of Land lying in the west corner of said 
Township and of having the same quantity of the said 
Province in lieu thereof; The said Court granted the Prayer 
of said Petition in the following manner viz — 

"In the House of Representatives June 25 th 1772 

Resolved That the Government receive back the four thou- 
sand one hundred and forty seven acres of Land in the west 



OF THE STATE OF .MA INK 



79 



corner of the Township al Pigwackel id the county of York, 
which was granted to the Petitioner in A. I). L762, and con- 
firmed in L763, as appears by the Plan herewith Exhibited; 
and thai in lieu thereof there granted Him the same quantity 
of the Government's Land as Prayed for in said Petition, 
with Liberty to lay it « > 1 1 1 adjoining to tin- Northwardly or 
Northeastwardly part of his Township, so as not to interfere 
with any former grant" which Kesolve was Concurred by 
His Majesty's Council of said Province, and Consented to 
by the Governor, June 26 th 1772, as by said Resolve will 
appear 

Now Know Y', That T the said Joseph Frye, In Con- 
sideration that my Associates are Proprietors of said Town- 
ship as well as my self (tho' not equally Interested therein ) 
and the grant of the four thousand, one hundred and forty 
seven acres of Land, being made more particularly to me 
than to Them, It cannot he divided between my Self and 
Them with that Propriety which the Nature of the thin- 
justly calls for. Therefore, I the said Joseph Frye Do 
hereby Resign up and Surrender the said four thousand one 
hundred and forty seven Acres of Land to me granted as 
aforesaidj to the Proprietors of said Township (excepting 
and reserving my own Interest therein) to lie divided be- 
tween my self and Them with that Propriety which the 
Nature of the thing justly calls for. Therefore I the said 
Joseph Frye Do hereby Resign up, and Surrender the said 
four thousand one hundred and forty seven Acre- of Land 
to me -ranted as aforesaid, to the Proprietors of said Town- 
ship (excepting and reserving my own Interest therein) to 
he divided between myself and Them, in Proportion to mine 
and their Respective [nterests in the said Township of 
Fryeburg, in the same manner as the four thousand one 
hundred and forty seven Acres of hand retnrn'd hack to the 



80 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Government would have been had it remained in said Town- 
ship as it was first laid out. In Witness whereof I the said 
Joseph Frye have hereunto set my hand and seal the seventh 
Day of April in the fourth year of the Reign of our Sovereign 
Lord George the third, of Great Britain France and Ireland 
& Annoq Domini : one thousand seven hundred and seventy 
four — Joseph Frye Ls 

Signed Sealed and Delivered in presence of 

Joseph Pettengill 

Tabitha Pettengill 

In the House of Representatives 
The Plan of four thousand, one hundred and forty seven 
acres of Land, granted by this Court, in their Session in 
June 1772 to Joseph Frye Esq in lieu of the same quantity 
of Land in the west corner of his Township at Pigwacket 
in the County of York which this Court, at the same time 
Resolved to receive back, was presented for acceptance. The 
Land Represented by this Plan, being bounded firstly to a 
hemlock Tree marked standing in the Northwest side Line 
of Said Township ; Thence North 4 Deg s East by the needle 
940 Rods to a pine Tree marked; Thence North 8 Deg s East 
911 Rods to a beach Tree marked; Thence South 82 Deg s 
East 100 Rods to a Spruce Tree marked; Thence South 45 
Deg s East 320 Rods to a red-oak Tree marked ; Thence South 
20 Deg s East 440 Rods to a maple Tree marked ; Thence South- 
wardly by a Bog, the westwardly side of the Pond called the 
upper Keezer Pond and on bog again (as by the various 
courses of them will, by said Plan appear) making in the 
whole 062 Rods to a maple Tree marked Standing in the 
Northeast side line of Said Township ; Thence North 4."» 
Deg s West on said Line 140 Rods to the North corner there- 
of ; Thence South 45 Deg s west on the Xorthwest side Line 
of said Township 612 Rods to the first Bound; It appears 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 81 

by said Plan, thai within the Bounds above mentioned, is 
contained four thousand, four hundred sixty five acres and 
three quarters of an acre of Land, which is three hundred 
and eighteen acres and three quarters of an acre more than 
the Grant: And as the said Joseph Five has admitted 
Associates into his Township, making them Proprietors 
thereof tho' not equally Interested therein; Resolved that 
said Plan he accepted, allowing the three hundred, eighteen 
acres & three quarters of an acre more than the grant for 
waste Land, and that the Lands described by said Plan, be 
and herein- are confirmed to Him the said Joseph Frve and 
the other Proprietors of said Township, His and Their 
Heirs and Assigns forever ; which Land shall be accounted 
as part of said Township instead of the four thousand one 
hundred and forty seven acres which the Government Re- 
solved to Receive hack. And as this grant makes good the 
contents of said Township, the Division of the whole contents 
thereof, as the Township now is. shall he made between the 
said Joseph Five and the other Proprietors thereof, accord- 
ing to Their respective Interests therein (They making 
good the four Publick Rights according to the original grant 
of said Township) in the same manner as the contents of 
it would or might have been made among them, had the 
Township remained as it was first Laid out Provided it doth 
not Interfere with any former grant. And. Also. It' it shall 
hereafter appear that the Boundaries of said Grant contains 
more Land Suitable for Improvement; than is set forth in 
said Plan, the Land so appearing, is hereby reserv'd for this 
Government — 

Joseph Frye Esq To Mr Samuel Phillips and Samuel 

Osgood Esq* 

Gentlemen — I have taken Leave to -end you enclos'd 
herewith, some Papers relative to the Government's exchang- 

G 



82 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ing some Land with, me in A. D. 1772 The Paper No 1 is 
a Copy of the Resolve of the general Court for receiving 
back 4147 acres of Land in the west corner of the Township 
of Fryeburg, and granting me the like quantity in lieu there- 
of, with liberty to lay it out adjoining to the Northwardly 
or Northeastwardly part of said Township ; and therein 
ordered that I return to the Court a Plan thereof, taken by 
a Surveyor and Chainmen under Oath for acceptance & con- 
firmation as by said Copy will more particularly appear. — 
Agreeable to that Resolve I got the Land laid out : And when 
the general Court was sitting at Watertown I return'd a Plan 
of the Same for acceptance and confirmation ; but by means 
used by Major Hauley (as I have been told) the House were 
pleas'd to order a Resurvey of it, and appointed Capt Joseph 
Noyes of Falmouth to do it — In Consequence whereof, I 
took out an attested Copy of said order, and as soon as I had 
an opportunity, I gave it to Capt Noyes, and desired he 
would survey the Land as soon as possible; But He being 
then a member of the Court, I Suppose the Necessity of his 
attendance on his duty there, and his business elsewhere, pre- 
vented his coming to lay out the Land at the time I had 
reason to expect he would have done it — After which I saw 
him again and renew'd my request that he would do it ; but 
he told me he could not see how he could attend upon it, and 
that he made no doubt but the Land might be confirm'd with- 
out a Resurvey by guarding the Confirmation so That if there 
was any more Land in the Tract than is set forth in the Plan 
Returned as aforesaid, the same might be secur'd to the 
Government ; From whence I took encouragement & furnished 
him with such Papers as I thought were necessary in the 
Case, except a Plan, making no doubt the Plan I had return'd 
was in the hands of the Clerk of the House, and having so 
done, I trusted I should see an end of my trouble on account 
of the Land in Question. But alas, I am disa pointed ! 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 83 

Capt Noyes told my son Joseph (who was at Falmouth not 
long since) that nothing was done about it; but the only 
Reason was, because there was no Plan return'd — I couM 
not liul be surprizz'd — I knew I had returned one, anil 
thought it soon would be found — These disappointments, 
Gentlemen — obliges me to apply myself to you for your 
Assistance in the affair. — The Paper N° 2. is a plan to 
supply the place of the one that is lost — As the Surveyor 
who Survey'd the Land and drew the Plan, and the ( 'liain- 
men who assisted him in laying of it oul were laid under a 
very Solemn Oath to do Their respective parts of the Service 
in laying it out so, that strict justice should be done the 
Government as well as the Grantee, I cannot think it ever 
came into Their hearts to do any otherwise than they were 
Injoin'd by their Oath to do, so that if there is any Error in 
the Plan it must be an Innocent one; But (as I desire not 
an Inch more of as good land as I return'd to the Government, 
which was some of the best pasture Land in the Township) 
I am quite willing the confirmation should he guarded as 

strictly as Possible, and had M r II y propos'd that way 

of confirming it, in stead of a re survey, it would have saved 
much Trouble. — The Paper X" •">, is a Copy of my Resig- 
nation of said Land to the Proprietors of said Township, 
which I have sent in order to Shew that it's Necessary the 
Land should be contirm'd to the whole of said Proprietors 
according to their respective Interests therein, — This, (with 
submission to a better judgment ) seems to me. to be a better 
way. than to have it confirmed to me only, for if it Should, 
it will bring on the puzzle of contriving another Instrument 
to confirm it to them. — The Paper X" I. i> an Instrument 
which I humbly propose for a confirmation of said Land in 
conformity to the I nstrmnent whereby I Resign'd it to the 
Proprietors as above mentioned If there is any more Land 
in the Tract than is set forth in the Plan, the Prosiss which 



84 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

closes the confirmation, secures the Governments Interest 
therein as well as any way I can Invent, However: If the 
Court should think otherwise, I have no objection to their 
guarding the confirmation in the strictest manner, the wis- 
dom of the Court can devise — Perhaps there may be many 
of the present House that did not belong to that House by 
whom the Exchange was made, who may enquire how I came 
to desire it ? To which it may be truly answered, That the 
Late Province of New Hampshire run a Line (ex parte) 
for a Devisional Line between that Province and this part 
of the Massachusetts, which cut off the 4147 acres of Land 
in the west corner of my Township, and took immediate 
possession of it ; and as that was esteem'd by the Court an 
unjust line (as no doubt it is) the Court objected against 
making me a Compensation on that acco 1 as Hampshire 
might then say, the Massachusetts thereby, virtually con- 
sented to the line: This Idea of the affair obliged me to omit 
saying in my Petition a word about that line and to Petition 
the Court to receive back the said 4147 acres of Land, and 
to grant me the like quantity in lieu of it ; and of course I 
was obliged to lay out the Land granted me in Consequence 
of said Petition, so as to keep clear of said line for had I 
laid it adjoining thereto, Hampshire might have made the 
same handle of that, it was suspected they would of the 
other. — 

As I dwell a great distance from Boston where the Court 
is held, which renders it very difficult for me to travel so far, 
and if I should, perhaps I must tarry long there before the 
Court can attend upon the business, let me interest you to 
afford your Friendship in getting this unhappy affair de- 
termined which has been attended with much trouble, and 
(I must take leave to say)* needless expence to. 

Gentlemen your most obedient and very Humble Servant 
Fryeburg August 13 th 1779 Joseph Frye 

* I believe all owing to the once very worthy Maj r H — ley. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 

Order to Col Allen 

Council Chamber Jan y 20, 17*0 
Whereas it appears necessary for the immediate Defence 
of Machias thai ( !ol° Allen should have a Supply of men for 
thai purpose Therefore In pursuance of the Power Vested 
In y" Council by the General Assembly in Las1 Session Orderd 
Thai Col Allen be and hereby is Empowered to Raise a Com- 
pany Consisting of Fifty Able bodied Men cV to appoint 
proper officers over the Same. & to Enlist them for the Term 
of Three Months, Unless sooner Discharged & he is further 
Empowered as an Encouragement to y" men to Enlist to 
Engage that they shall be paid for their Service Agreable to 
Such an Establishment as the General Court shall hereafter 

determine upon 

Attest John Avery D Secy 

Order of Council. 

To the Honorable ( Jouncil of the Massachusetts State 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber Boston Jan' 21 1780 

Ordered That The Commissary General of This State be 

and he hereby is Directed to deliver to Lieu 1 Col° Paul Revere 

all the Back Rations that were due to him according to the 

Establishment of this States Train of Artillery to the 

Thirteenth of Jan 3 current, and from That Time to deliver 

him Rations according to the Resolve of the General Court 

of That Date 

Attest John Avery I ) Secy 

Application from the Com ttee * to the Eastward. 

To the Hon 1 ' 1 " Council and House of Representatives, for the 
state of the Massachusetts Bay — 

A Petition of the Committees of the Several! Towns and 
Plantations of the Countey of Lincoln, within the Bounds 



SG DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

of Col Wheaton's Reg 1 Humbly Sbewetli — At a Meeting 
of the severall committees of Towns, and Plantations, of the 
Countey of Lincoln, within the bounds of Col Wheatons 
Regement, and the Field Officers of said Reg 1 , at Warren 
Dec r 20 th 1779. — Takeing into their most serious consid- 
eration, the scituation of the Count ev of Lincoln, and in a 
more particular maner, that part of said Countey, respective 
of Col Wheatons Reg 1 , which being the Frontier not more 
then ten Miles from the British Troops at Majorbigwaduce, 
and allmost incercled by Inhabitants, who have taken the 
Oath of Allegiance to the King of Great Britain, and who 
are dayly destroying our Currenccy, by purchasing commo- 
dities from among us with Silver and Gold, and conveying 
the same to the Enemy at Bigwaduce — And Your Petition- 
ers would represent to your Honours that was it not for 
John Long, and other disafected persons, supplying our 
Common Enemy at Majorbigwaduce, Which is out of our 
Power to prevent, for want of sufficient Guards and Your 
Petitioners having repeatedly taken up a Xumber of such 
persons, and sent to the Westward, who have to the great 
supprise and Concerne of us all, been acquitted and sent 
back, without Punishment, and are now at the Enemys Fort 
in amies against the States — Had our guards been Sufficient 
to put a stop to such proceedings, they would have been 
nesesated to Evacuated our coast before this day — Your 
Petitioners need not represent to Your Honours the scitua- 
tion which we were left in affter the defeat at Maj r bigwaduce, 
our coast allmost left naked as to Guards, and when for a 
few months guarded just suffecient to provoke our common 
Enemy, then left to be guarded by the Inhabitants of the 
Fronteer Towns, which we begg leave to inform Your 
Honours cannot be done any longer by reason of the poverty 
of these parts — Greatest part of the Inhabitants of the 
severall Towns and Plantations, which your petitioners are 



OP THE STATE OF maim. 87 

praying for have been in the Bervice the season past, to the 
neglect of their biseness, so much as to render the circum- 
stances of their Familys deploriable, as many of them de- 
pended on the sail of their Lumber for the supporl of their 
Familes, And the coasting Vessells which carried said Lum- 
ber to market was distroyed al Penobscutl so thai the Wood, 
Staves &c arc laying on band, and Our Soilders the 
Owners of Transports &c receveing qo pay renders them in- 
capeable of Procureing Supporl thai is comfortable for their 
Familys. 

The soilders being supplyed with most of their provision 
oul of this pari of the Countey, lias also helpl much to im- 
poverish the [nhabitants, many of which have lent Quantites 
of Grain to support the Troops at Cambden, which they de- 
pended upon for their Familys Subsistance, which lias not 
been replaced, — Therefore your petitioners begg in behalf 
of the Above distrest [nhabitants that you would Grant them 
Your emediate Assistance, in men raised to the westward of 
this County, and provision to supply them, from the same 
parts. Or their case must be similar to our Brethern of 
Penobscutt who have foresaken their whole Lntrerest and are 
now Suifering among us (a People that is not able to afford 
them any assistance) with Large families of pleasing Chil- 
dren destitute of money or Freinds, that are able to help them 
— Your Petitioners therefore pray that the Above releaf 
may be granted as soon as possible, Our Only protection al 
this time is owing to the Enemys weakness, but there is the 
greatest Reason to beleave they will pay us a Vissetl early in 
the Spring We cannot think without the greatest Concerne 
of 1 icing cast into the same deploriable scituation of the Above 
Unhappy People, or take up with the Governmenl of the 
British Troops A case which we are not able to represent by 
writing Therefore we begg Leave to recommend to Your 
Honours the Bearer Waterman Thomas Esq* for a further 



OS DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Representation of the distres scituation we are now in, and 

the distraction that Threatens us by the Spring We are 

sorry to trouble Your Honours with so long and tedious a 

Petition — but our Duty to the Inhabitants, and the trust 

reposed in us at this Unhappy Season Obliges us to do it. 

Therefore we begg of your Honours that our Prayers may 

be heard, and Granted, And your Petitioners as in Duty 

bound shall ever pray &c 

By Order of the Committees 

Abijah Waterman Clark 

In Council Jan y 28 th 1780 

Read & Committed to Jer h Powell J Simpson and Tho s 

Durfee Esq r to consider this Representation and report what 

may be proper to be done thereon 

John Avery D Secy 



Brigadier Gushing s Letter. 

Pownalborough Feb y 7 th 1780 
Sir. 

The Prisoners that you have sent here, are now desirous 

of taking the Oath of Allegiance to the State & have applied 
to Judge Bowman for that purpose but he has declined for 
the present for reasons mentioned in his Letter — I appre- 
hend upon the whole it would be best to Admit them to take 
the Oath — If you would take the Trouble to come over your 
self or write to the Judge to Administer the Oath, one of 
the prisoners viz 1 Thomas McGuire who is now with me & 
at whose request I write promises that he will Pay you & I 
rather think it would be most desirable for you to Come as 
it may have a tendency to promote Peace & harmony — 
I am Sir your most H bIe Serv 1 

Cha s Cushing 
William M c Cobb Esq r 



OF Till: STATE OF MAINE 89 

Judge Bo w man's Letter. 

Sir, Pownalborough Feb" 7 th 1780 

Several of your neighbours whom you Sent to Goal for 
refusing to take the Oath of Allegiance, have applied to me 
to administer the Oath to them — They say that they were 
unacquainted with the haw, and wanted Time to Consider 
of it, and that after von tender'*! the Oath to them, you told 
them von would give them bu1 live minutes to consider of it 
& to take the Oath. There is a Law that allows them two 
hours to take the Oath in, after having been tendered to 
them — perhaps you have not got that Law — Now, Sir, If 
yon had not that Law by you, and you allowed them only 
five minutes, as they say, 1 think there can be no Impropriety 
in admitting them to take the Oath now — And perhaps it 
will not prove in any Degree prejudicial to the State to admit 
them to do it — \ However the .Matter rests intirely with 
you, as you are the most proper & sole judge in this Matter. 
I declined administring the Oath to them unless you would 
direct to it — And therefore if upon the whole you did not 
allow them the Time the Law allows them to take the Oath, 
and would have them admitted to take it; upon your signify- 
ing the same to me, I will do it, and discharge them from 
their Confinement; otherwise I shall not interfere — 

I am, Sir, Your hble Serv* 
Please to send an Answer Jon a Bowman 

Wm McCobb Esq. 

Representation of Council to the U. S. Congress relative to 
losses by Penobscut Expedition. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 
Council Chamber Feby 9 1780 

The Report of the Committee appointed to Enquire into 
the Causes of the Failure of the unfortunate Expedition to 



90 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Penobscot as also Copvs of the Resolutions of the General 
Assembly and of the Orders of the Council of this State 
relative to the same, have been transmitted to Congress some 
time since. This Expedition was undertaken upon a firm 
Persuasion that the Expence attending the Same would be 
paid by the Congress. This Persuasion was grounded not 
only upon a Resolution of Congress that whenever any of 
the United States were Invaded by the Enemy and the 
authority of the State so Invaded were obliged to raise any 
Forces to repell them that in such case The Forces so Em- 
ployed and the Expence thence accruing should be payed by 
the Continent, but also upon the Articles of the Confedera- 
tion which make a similar Provision in like Cases, This 
is more especially Just and Reasonable with respect to this 
Expedition as the Enemy had taken Post at such a part of the 
Continent as rendered their removal of vast Importance to 
the United States as well as to our allies, for by this man- 
ouvere they had got possession of the Mast Ground and were 
so situated as to Interrupt, if not totally destroy, the Fishery 
upon our Eastern Shores, Two very important objects, the 
Preservation of which most certainly claim the utmost 
attention of the whole Continent, As the Enemy at New 
York and at Rhode Island were so in force, at the time when 
this Expedition was undertaken, as to render it unsafe in the 
apprehension of the Court for either General Washington 
or General Gates to spare any of their Troops for this 
Service, they were not applied to previous to this under- 
taking, but if it had been thought expedient, There was not 
time for it, as the Success of this Attempt required the utmost 
dispatch, least the Enemy should be reinforced before our 
Forces arrived at Penopscot, in which case it would have been 
extremely hazardous, if not impossible to dislodge them, 
The Court therefore determined immediately & without the 
least delay to Enter upon this Expedition, which was Con- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 91 

sidered as a measure necessary for general Defence and 
therefore were Confidenl thai any Expense thai might attend 
this Enterprise would be born by the Continent in general — 
We Presume therefore upon these .Matters being fully repre- 
sented to Congress, thai they will think it just & reasonable 
thai the Continent should bear the Expence that lias accrued 
& will give the necessary orders for the Payment thereof, we 
accordingly instruct you to make a full representation of 
this affair to Congress & apply to them for the same, The 
accounts are preparing *.V will he Compleated as soon as 
possible We now Inclose you a Copy of Col" Campbells 
Description of the Extent, Situation. & State of the Country 
eastward of Penopscot, as also of the strength and situation 
of the British Fort at Ma jabagaduee, which will plainly 
show that it is of vast Importance to the whole Continent as 
well as to our Allies, that we should have Possession of that 
Country, especially when it is Considered that our Enemies, 
it is highly Probable, will attempt to take all possible advan- 
tage at the Ensuing Treaty of Peace, from their having 
taken Post in Penobscot River, we would have you therefore 
submit to the Consideration of Congress, whether it will not 
be highly Expedient, if not absolutely necessary, for them 
to take some effectual measures, as soon as possible, for the 
removal of the Enemy from the Post they now possess, It 
certainly is a very interesting object k claims the immediate 
attention of Congress. We are persuaded that no Kxertions 
of yours will be wanting upon this occassion 

In the name & Behalf of the Gen 1 Assembly 

J Powell Pres 1 

Agent Chosen hi/ Pun nalboro. 

Article in the Warrant 11 Day Feby 17b0 

To Chuse an Agent to Attend the General Court at their 
next Session in behalf of said Town In Order for a Kevisall 



92 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

of the Last Valuation, and to Solicit an Abatment of the 
Taxes set on said Town 

A True Coppy Att David Silvester Town Cler. 
At the annual meeting of the Freeholders and other In- 
habitant of the Town of Pownalboro Duly Warned & Legally 
Assembled in the Meeting-house in the East Parish on 
Wednesday the 1 st Day March A D 1780 Voted that Mr. 
Abiel Wood be the agent to attend the General Court Agre- 
able to the above 7 article in the Warrant 

A True Coppy Att David Silvester Town Clerk 



Order of Council to the Brigadier of the County of York. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber Feb y 14, 1780 
Ordered that the Brigadeer of the County of York be & 
he hereby is directed to Detach from A his Brigade Fifty 
men Including three Commission officers four Sergeants four 
Corporals one Drumer & fifer, & see that they are armed and 
accoutred agreeable to the Militia Law of this State and 
furnished at their own Expence with a Sufficient Blanket 
to each man with ten B days Provision, and order them to 
march to Camden in the County Lincoln in such manner 
as that they may arive there by the fifteenth day of March 
next, there to follow such orders and Instructions as shall be 
given them by Brigadeer Wadsworth Esq 1 " who is appointed 
to take the command of such men as shall be raised & sent to 
Camden for the defence of the County of Lincoln. Said 
men to continue in Service the term of three months from 
the time they shall arrive at Camden s d place of Randezvous 
unless sooner discharged, & to be upon such Establishment 
as the General Court shall hereafter order: A similar one 
to Brigadeer Coushing only with this diiference viz At A 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 93 

Insert from the Interior parts of, & at B with five days Pro- 
vision instead of ten. 

Attest Jn° Avery D Secy 



The Petition of Major Wheaton for recruit*. 

To the Hon ble the Council and House of Representatives of 
the State of Massachusetts Bay, in General Court assembled. 

February 1780. 

The Petition of Major Wheaton of Thomaston Esq ; 
Colonel and Commander of the fourth Regiment of Militia 
in the County of Lincoln, Humbly Sheweth, 

That the Enemies of the United States of America now 
engarisoned at Majorbagaduce appear very formidable. 

That there is full Intimation of their Intentions to make 
further Inroads into this County at the opening of the 
Spring, (or perhaps fix the British Standard at Casco Bay) 
this their Menaces daily evince. 

That this Regiment lies foremost, exposed to their Insult 
and Cruelty, and without sufficient Strength to withstand 
their Force. 

That, to the Inhabitants, there appears no Prospect of 
Support or Protection against them; which puts many of 
the well disposed upon thinking of the besl .Methods for 
securing themselves; and gives the unfriendly Party great 
Spirits and Hope. 

That to call the [inhabitants into the Field to oppose the 
Enemy at the opening of the Spring when they should be 
putting their Seed into the Ground, would break up the 
Settlement at once: Add to this That the Inhabitants fur- 
nished so much Provision to the Army last Campaign that 
there is noi a Sufficiency now in the Place to bring the 
Season about. 



94 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Wherefore it absolutely follows that we must have a 
Supply of Men and Provisions sent here or the Country will 
fall an Easy Prey to the Enemy at their Will ; and the only 
JVIeans of Security for the Inhabitants is by Flight, which 
makes them very uneasy till they know whether they may 
depend upon Support & Protection, or not ; if not, that they 
may secure themselves while there is Opportunity of saving 
some of their Effects and not be obliged (at the Extremity) 
to leave all (as some of the Inhabitants of Penobscot did last 
year) for the Sake of saving their Persons : Therefore this 
requires an immediate Determination 

And your Petitioner is humbly of Opinion that a Thou- 
sand Men well equip'd, with a sufficient Store of Ammuni- 
tion, and Provisions, are by no means more than are abso- 
lutely necessary should be sent into this Country for protect- 
ing the Inhabitants against the Enemy. 

Wherefore your Petitioner humbly prays, That one Thou- 
sand Men well equip'd, under proper Command, with suffi- 
cient Store of Ammunition, and Provisions may immediately 
be sent down here, in order to oppose the Enemy in their 
first Movements in the opening of the Spring; or that other 
sufficient Protection may be afforded according to your 
Honors in your known Wisdom and Goodness shall order 
and direct, and your Petitioner as in Duty bound shall ever 

pray &c 

Major Wheaton 



Major Wheaton to flic General Court. 

Thomaston February 14, 1780 
Hon'd Sir, 

I have preferred a Petition to the IIon ble the Great and 
General Court, and sent it by the Hand of Capt Nath 1 Fales, 
praying that one Thousand Men — with sufficient Stores of 



OF THE STATE OF MA INK 95 

Ammunition &c may immediately be sent down here, to 
oppose the Enemy in their lirst Movements in the opening 
of the Spring for the Reasons therein given. ' I would beg 
leave further to inform their Honors, that sundry Persons 
Lately from Boston reporl "thai the General Court will not 
attend to the a Hairs of the Eastern Country, will not afford 
them any men for their Protection at this Time of extream 
Necessity 1 ' which Reports greatly discourage and dishearten 
the People, and should those Reports prove true, they will 
think themselves greatly agroaved, especially considering, 
Thai they have been very ready to send their .Men into Service 
to protect and defend the other parts of the state where 
ever attacked, ever ready to furnish their Quotas of Men 
when called upon, many whereof actually continue in the 
Service at this Time, who, were they at home, would afford 
considerable Strength against the Enemy; therefore for the 
people to think of leaving their Habitations, and Interest or 
fall into the Hands of the Enemy and undergo a cruel Cap- 
tivity for want of Support is so hard, so Cruel they cannot 
entertain the Thought! — the Hon 1 "" Court will not suffer it! 
I have the Honour to be Hon' 1 Sir your most humble 
Servant 

Major Wheaton 



Deposition of Girdain Burnham. 
I. Girdain Burnham of Hartford in the State of Connee- 

ticut of lawful age Testify & Say that I was taken by Capl 

Bumstead in an Armed Schooner belonging to the Enemy & 
carried into Penobscol about thirteen Weeks ago, being in a 
topsail Schooner a prize to the Schooner Decoy Commanded 

by John Fox belonging to New London in the State afore- 
said — a few days after his arrival at Penobscot Col Jones 



96 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

(of Frenchmans Bay) came there & abused your Deponant 
very much threatning that Burning was too good for him, 
about four days afterwards Col 1 Shaw came in from Goulds- 
boro' and used your Deponant very well — saying he was 
taken out of his Bed at Gouldsboro' and carried from thence 
to Penobscot there Sworn to be true to the King of Great 
Britain or loose his Estate, a few days afterwards Maj r 
Ourrie came there from passamequody & inform'd y r De- 
ponant that He with one Capt Long was concerned about 
five weeks before, in a Quantity of english Goods, they pur- 
chas'd at S l Johns w ch was stop'd there by the aforesaid 
privateer Sch° Decoy, while she lay at Head Harbor, the 
Schooner w ch was to have brought the Goods from S l Johns 
to Passamaquody, on having intelligence from Col 1 Shaw, as 
I was inform'd by Maj r Currie, return' d back again empty. 
Col 1 Shaw inform'd your Deponant that there was about one 
hundred & forty or fifty men at Penobscot w ch he thought 
might be easily taken at this Present time, — & Col Shaw 
appeared to be very friendly to the American Cause 

Girdain Burnham 
Boston Feb y 16 th 1780 

Suffolk Ss. Girdain Burnham personally appeared & after 

having been duely Cautioned Swore to the Truth of the above 

Deposition before 

Thomas Gushing Jus Pacis 

Major Wheaton to the Speaker of the House. 

To the Hon ble the Speaker of the House 

of Representatives at Boston 

Thomaston February 17, 1780 
Hon'd Sir, 

After I had closed a Petition to the Hon ble the Great and 

General Court setting forth something of the Circumstances 



OP III I T \TK <»K MAI X K 07 

of the Eastern Country and praying for Assistance; and also 
a Letter to the Hon bl ° Speaker of the House of Representa- 
tives upon the Subject. 

I have this Day received a Letter from Cap1 Joseph 
Heath (who has been with the Enemy ever since the de- 
feat at Majorbagaduce) dated at Owls Head the 15 th 
Instant, wherein after having given an Account of his 
having been carried to Halifax and to Windsor & having 
got so far in his way home, is the following Paragraph 
viz. "1 would inform you that Col Rodgers is sailing 
two Battalions of Rangers, to Harrass the Country as I 
suppose, he has sent one Capt. Monk & Capt Joet to Halifax 
to recruit, Capt. Maddox & Capt Mowat is recruiting at 
Halifax to little purpose, Capt Iongue and Capt Franklin is 
recruiting at Windsor, but little Success" — 1 Also by 
several Desarters, who passed through here to Day. 1 under- 
stand that several Transports had arrived near Majorbaga- 
duce, with Provision. Clothing ^v c for the Garrison there, and 
also 300 Regulars they expected was on Board 1 The un- 
friendly part of the Community here furnish the Enemy with 
such ample Inteligence that it is impossible to keep any pro- 
ceedure from their knowledge, or Vessels or other valuable 
Effects from being greatly exposed to be taken by them. 

Our Scituation here is most distressing and as the Spring 
opens the Mischiefs will increase; We must be ever under 
arms, ever upon the Wing, flying from place to plain 1 to de- 
fend our extended Sea-Coas1 & protect the scattered In- 
habitants from the wanton Cruelty of our relentless Fnemies, 
'till spent with Exercise, & worn out with long Fatigue, we 
must leave our Habitations our Interest and this promising 
Country to save our Persons by Flight, or fall a Sacrifice into 
their Cruel J lands and sutler all the Horrors of a miserable 
Captivity, unless inimdiately assisted by the lIon b1 '' Court 



98 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

with Men Provisions and Stores agreeable to my Petition or 
otherwise afforded suitable aid. 

Numbers of Petitions have been sent from this County, 
and this place to the Hon bIe Court praying for Relief and for 
assistance; and no full answers has been returned to them. 
\ Therefore I have thought it necessary to send Capt Nath 1 
Fales express with this Inteligence; the Petition and other 
Papers, that the Hon ble Council may have the earliest Notice, 
and the General Court be informed of the true State of this 
Country in order to their affording seasonable Relief, f I 
would also recommend the Bearer Capt: Fales to the Con- 
sideration of the Hon ble Council as a Person faithful and 
diligent & forward in the Cause of his Country, and proper 
to be employ'd by their Honors in some place of Trust, where 
his Deafness may not be an impediment. Tf I must intreat 
an immediate and direct Answer to this, whether we may 
depend upon seasonable and sufficient assistance or not ? 
I have the Honor to be Hon d Sir, 
Your Honors most obedient most humble Servant 

Major Wheaton 
In Council March 9 th 1780 

Read & Sent Down with a Petition of Col Mason Wheaton 

accompanying the same f The Hon ble the President of the 

Hon ble Council of the state of Massachusetts Bay — 

John Avery D Sec'y 



Peter Noyes to the Council. 

Falmouth February 17 th 1780 
Sir. 

a few days ago a Carteel from Halifax with fifty or sixty 

Prisoners as I am Informed bound to Boston ran ashore at 

Cape Elizabeth & Bilged the owner and master was one Mr 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 99 

Prescot, who was hired by the Government their and one 
Valeria an under officer of a man of war was put on bord as 
commander. Prescot & Valens it seems did not agree 
Prescot though! the Vessel might have been got off Valens 
did no1 ('arc what became of her at first the Prisoners all 
went off .M' Preseott got men to save what he could & Valens 
went to the Committee of Safety & c of this Town and agreed 
with them to sell the Vessel & all that belonged to Her at 
Vandue which was done in about forty eight hours after 
aboul two Hours notice the whole was sold to a number of 
the Committee & Gentlemen of this Town for about 1700 
Dollars not a tenth part of the Value as I am Informed, 
they have burnt the Vessel & taken the Iron Cables sails 
Riggen & anchors and all they could find into their own 
Custody. M r Prescot thought Valens had no right to sell 
the Vessel & c in that manner: has applied to me as Coll of 
the ^Iilitia cV. Commander of the sea Coast men to Interpose 
vv secure what was saved for the right owner I went this Day 
And desired of the Persons who Purchased an Inventory of 
the whole that I might send the Account of what was 
saved together with the men belonging to the Carteel to the 
Council that they might take such measures in this affair 
as are proper for the Honour of Government & Justice to 
the Persons concerned, but they abslutely refused to give an 
acco't of the articles saved altho I assured them I would not 
molest them in the Possession of the articles & should only 
send the acco* to the Council that we might have their opinion 
whether the Sale was lawful and receive such Directions as 
should be for the Honour of Government in such Cases & 
Clear the Town from any Blame as the People in General 
seem to disapprove of the Conduct of the Purchasers as well 
as the Sudden manner in which the things were sold for any 
further Particulars I refer you to Doctor Joseph Bradford 



100 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

who was a passenger on Bord the Carteel & to whose care I 

have conmitted Mr Valens & men that belonged to her 

I am, Sir your Honours most obedient Humble Servant 

Peter Noyes 
To the Honorable Jeremiah Powel Esq 

at Boston 

In Council March 16*, 1780 
Read & Sent down 

John Avery D Secy. 
In the House of Representatives March 16, 1780 

Read & thereupon Orderd that Coll Pope and Gen 1 Warren 
with such as the Hon bIe Board shall join be a Committee to 
consider the same — & report what is proper to be done 
thereon 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spkr 
In Council March 16 l , 1780 

Read & Concurred and Edward Cutts Esq is joined — 

John Averv D Secv 



Col. Allan to Jeremiah Powell Esq. 

Machias — at M r Parkers House February 20 th 1780 
Dear Sir 

Being down here upon some business with my Black 
Family, and M r Parker Just going Westward, I take the 
Opportunity of Acknowledging the receipt of your favour 
of the 24 th Decern 1- ; which I only received three days ago. 

My time & perplex'd thoughts will hardly permit me to 
Communicate what I coud wish & what seems necessary. 

You may reasonably form a Judgment of my situation, I 
make no Complaint at the End of my difficultys, willing to 
Exert every Nerve for the Interest & happiness of my Coun- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 101 

try. Had I been a Private Soldier, only my Duty in that 
Capacity to perform, I think I shoud feel an Infinate odds 
then in my present situation 

I mean not to thro any Contempt upon Authority, nor Do 
I mean Reflection, as I am Conscious, Gratitude «.V- Duty 
Command me to treat the Rulers of a Country where I have 
been treated with such friendship and distinguished by 
such Honorable Employments, with the utmost Complisence 

But D r Sir I have the feelings of another man — I feel if 
put into Authority to do a secret and Important peice of 
business, and at the same time forsaken, uncapable to accom- 
plish the Intention of my Employers for want of necessarys 
for the purpose — By this I am Led into Every Difficulty & 
Distress — Accumalating Charges, & Staining my Own 
Reputation. 

Woud the Government point out what I am to Do, I 
Bhou'd be able then to act suitable but this I am Deprivd of 
I have Called in a Body of Indians, I thot it my Duty, I 
naturaly supposed it woud be Agreeable to Government as it 
appear'd the only means to prevent the Country from falling 
into the Hands of the Enemy, which undoubtedly woud be 
the Case if I had not taken this methode — 

However they are now here Invited By me in behalf of 
the United States Left their all to Comply with our de- 
mands Judge then my situation By the provision I have 
had here Judge wether in this Situation I am Capable to 
Act as a Command 5 Officer, or a Superintendent of Indians- — 
In Order to keep up the department, I have been Compelled 
to Act in Character Incompatible with that of any Office, 
which must tend to thro a Slurr and Dishonor Oil the Ameri- 
can Service, 1 am willing to Demean myself to anything as 
a man & Subject, but it is necessary from a Yeriety of prin- 
ciples that the business of a Commission officer Be Con- 



102 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ducted in another way then what I have followd this Winter. 

I have been a Pedlar & Hawker, Going myself from place 
to place to Collect Vegetables in Exchange for Butter, The 
People in Generell taking the advantage of my situation make 
Exorbitant demands — Oblidge to Court the few men in 
Service to take Butter, by which instead of having, as I Ex- 
pected a Quantity of Butter which might be of great use to 
the States, I shall but Barely have enough of that Commodity 
to Carry me thro' — Every Necessary that I want done, I 
must pay it in provisions — all this for want of Supplys 
being Regularly Laid in & men to perform business — The 
Expence By this Neglect becomes Enormous, and the 
methodes I am oblidged to take to Barter, Borow & Exchange 
may probable Stain my Reputation as the Govern 1 may not 
fully Conceive of my Situation. 

Add to this Relying upon the Propriety of my Conduct, 
which I trust woud be approved by Government, I had the 
presumption to make promises to the Indians, which not 
being Able to Perform very much Lessens my Reputation 
among the Indians. Good God ! what Reproaches & Insults 
Am I oblidged to Indure from these beings, & Necessitated to 
put up with the whole to keep them— These Sir are not 
Exaggerations but plain Truth, I want no other Notice to 
Be taken of it, but to Be Enabled to discharge my Duty, 
The Continent is Welcome to my Weak & Imperfect Services, 
all I Crave is to Be Enabled to Support the Honour & Dig- 
nity of their own Champion. 

I am allso threatend from Every Quarter, to Be Attacked, 
Rogers went thro to Canada about Christmas. After the 
Eirst of March we must be ready to Receive our Enemys at 
our Back or Our Situation must be dismal I Rely & Trust 
on the Humanity of the Govern 1 that I may be timely warned 
or Ordered off — that I may not fall a Victim to this Cruel 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 103 

Enemy — But what Gives me the Greatest Trouble is the 
Conduct of the most of the Trading & Leading men of the 
Count iv. Lett what appology or Excuse be made it is Cer- 
tain that a scene of Villinv is pursuing in Respect of opening 
a Trade with the Enemy. Every methode is taken to touch 
the in i n< Is of the Commonality By fear and other ways to 
Bring to Condescention It will be tedious at this time to 
mention the Various k Curious modes taken shall only Relate 
Respecting an Excursion I lately made Westward. 

I had Receiv'd Different Accounts of their Managmt for 
some time, which I did not put much dependence, Supposing 
it was only malicious people — till I Rec d authentic Intelli- 
gence that Something Circular was Gone abroad, for a Con- 
vention of all the Committees Eastward of Penobscut, and 
that the principle View of the promoters was to Turn their 
Lumber Trade into the Britains, as a matter of Necessity for 
fear the Britains woud Destroy the Country — at the Same 
time Advice Came that one Capt Marat of a British Trans- 
port (Kinsman of Henry Marat) and Capt Cogshell had 
been at Crabtrees, Colo Jones & Major Shaw, had passed thro 
the Country unmolested openly & Returned 

I thought that by these Libertys the American Interest was 
in the utmost Danger this way and that something Vigor- 
ously Executed must take place to stop their Career In 
Consequence I Sett of immediately with a Party of Indians. 
The Second Evening Reached Frenchman's Bay, being some- 
what Suspicious. I suddenly Enterd Colo Jones House with 
the Indians at the different Doors where I found — Colo Jones 
Capt Benj m Mulliken Johnson Carpenter of the Xautillis — 
Crabtree — Hazelam — Capt Smith of (Jninion River & 
Hodgkins. 

I detain'd the whole of them for the X ight, & you may be a 
little surprised that I did not send them all to Maehias But 



104 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

for fear of frustrating my plans first Intended, I thot Best 
to Dismiss all but Milliken & Johnson whom I sent next day 
to Machias — I then Intended to have Gone as far as Majar- 
bagud c if no other Service was Deturmined to Convince them 
we wou'd watch their motions & Discourage their Going 
Coming thro the Country so on my Return Converse with 
the Severel Committees But rec d Information that there 
was supplys at Oak Point for Baguaduce it so raised the 
spirit of the Indians that we had to Go there. Finding Ruin 
prevented my Going further, Coggins who had Charge of this 
Appear'd not so Bad as I first heard, But the Indians woud 
not be Contented, & to prevent worse matters I gave my as- 
sent to their taking some Articles, which I had a particular 
ace 1 taken of & left a mem with the man — 

In my Return I had much Conversation with Severel of 
the Inhabitants, and finaly made a Declaration, that any 
Property Contracted for, By the Britains what I coud not 
Remove woud burn however this may appear Arbitrary I 
found myself necessitated to Stop the Connection & Be 
Severe — Upon the whole I think I found out Whig & 
Tory, and am well Convinced that the whole Difficultys Aris- 
ing: from the Enecuragment Given the Enemy Originated not 
Ten miles Eastward of Frenchmans Bay — 

Xow for the Bussiness you Are to Lay Before the Court 
— You will press to the Court the Necessity of a Speedy Aid 
& Assistance for the protecting the Country Eastward of 
Bagaduce a Plan is Certainly Laid for an Earley Campaigne, 
& this Harbour will Undoubtedly Be Block'd up as soon as 
the Ice Breakes up — 

This post must be Supported By White Troops & the 
Indians moved to Passamaquady The River S l Croix is in 
the Center of their hunting Ground & Commands all the 
Villages It is Clear from Inhabitants — the Indians will 



OF THE STATE OB MAINE L05 

he more Contented Less Kxpence & better prepared for Ac- 
tion — for By Being among Inhabitants they Become 
Troublesome — Squander their property Corrupted by the 
Bad Impressions made By Designing men — Getes Indolant 
& Careless their familys, will he more secure when Called to 
War — This has been the former Custom & By Experience 
find to He the Best Methode 

Troops must be posted at Frenchmans Bay. Large Sup- 
ply's for the whole must be Laid in with all Expedition. 

Ynu will Acquant the Court, that in Order to Encourage 
the people 1 am now forming a Comp y of Rangers, upon 
the footing Order'd By Court Last Summer with this odds 
- Twenty men to Be Raised at Frenchmans Bay — Twenty 
vresl of X4 — Twenty Pleasant River to X4 — Captain Dyer 
to Command — First Lieut, at Frenchmans Bay — 2 d do at 
Pleasant River — To Be Ready to March at a minutes warn- 
ing from Home — to Be Ready to Oppose or Sieze any Con- 
nected with the Britons — This I prossume will have as 
good an Effect as any methode In our present Circumstances 
— to List till first of May — 

Lett there Be But one Commander for the whole — for 
more must Create Jealousys feuds & Broils perticularly in 
this part — 

Something Parmant & Severe must take place to Prevent 
Connections with the Enemy — particular those who pre- 
tends [letter broken off, remainder not here] 



Certificate of I^li/iliifrl Downer. 

This may Certify all whom it may concern That Mr: 
William Morgan one of the hands belonging to the Ship 
Warren having received a Wound in his Right Arm in an 



106 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Attack made upon one of the Enemies Batteries at Bagaduce 
was brought on shore from his Ship on the second or third 
of August last and put into the Hospital under my care 
where he remained till we w T ere obliged to retreat. That 
his wound was so bad in said arm that he will be a cripple all 
his Days Witness my hand this 21 : of February 1780 

Eliphilet Downer Surgeon 



Col. Allan to the General Court. 

Machias Feb y 25 th 1780 
Sir, 

A Copy of the Inclosed was sent in a small Schooner some 
Time ago, which was taken, the letter was Distroy'd, — 

From the Contents of that Letter, the Hon'ble Court may 
preceive what must be the Situation of this Department at 
this Time, I shall say no further then that we are Intirely 
Distitute of Every Assential matter to Defend this Post, or 
Secure the Interest of the Indians, 

Kind Providance has supported us thus far, Contrary to 
my Expectations & I hope may still continue its Benign In- 
fluence & Defend us from Impending Distraction — 

Every matter both foreign Threats, & Proceedings with 
Internal Combinations, seems to Conspire to Oversett the 
Amarican Interest Eastward of Penobscott. Every Imposi- 
tion, Abuse & Insult, practized to Discourage the weak minds 
of the friends of the Country. — Every step Taken to Slur the 
Continental Service — the Indigency of the Department 
Probagated by Internal Enemys & Every Sarcastic hint given 
on our Poor way of living to render us contemptable among 
our friends as well as Enemys 

I presume that our Government in their Wisdom, Does 
not View this Department of sufficient consequence to be 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 107 

Attended to at present, to the Xeglect of more Important 
luissiness — 

The Steps I often take to keep the Indians, Does in the 
Isue depend upon Constant Aid & Supplys Laid in, which 
it' Neglected I tistroys that Reputation which I Ever had from 
in v Childhood with the Indians, But find myself daily 
diminishing in that Character, which in the End is Detri- 
mental to the Public Service. 

I am Ever willing, & make it the greatest blessing this 
World can afford in being Employ'd in the Present Contest, 
but from a fear of not Answering the End of Government 
& Hurting my own Reputation, I must plead the Indulgence 
to be Removed or diminish'd from this Department, as soon 
as the Public Service will any way Admit, 
Eleven OClock A M 

A few minutes ago, word Came in of a flag of Truce from 
Magwabagaduee, having taking the Necessary Precaution, I 
Just Received a Letter & Proclamation, a Copy of which I 
have the Honor to Inclose — the Sudden Departure of the 
Bearer will prevent a Copy of my Answer, & the Steps I 
shall Take in Consequence of this peice of Conduct 

The Original Cause of my taking the Men mentioned in 
the said letters will be Communicated by Colo Campbell, 
whom 1 wrote thereupon, In my next I shall Communicate 
the whole to the Hon'ble Board — at present must Conclude, 
begging help & Assistance 

I am with all possible respect & Esteem Sir 
Your most Obd 1 very hble Ser 1 

J Allan 
In Council .March 23 d 1780 

Read & Committed to the Committee appointed on the 
Letters from Col John Allan at Machias with the Papers 
Accompanying the Same 
Sent down for Concurrence Jn° Avery D Secy 



108 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

In the House of Representatives Mar. 23 1780 

Read & Concurred 

John Hancock Spkr 
The Hon'ble Jeremiah Powell Esq 1 " 



Petition of Joseph Barnard. 

To the Honorable Council & the Honorable House of Repre- 
sentatives of the State of Massachusetts Bay 

The Petition of Joseph Bernard of Falmouth in y e County 
of Cumberland — humbly shews 

That sometime in October last when the Committee of 
Falmouth agreeably to a Resolve of the Hon ble Court stopped 
a number of Cattle which one Greele was driving through the 
Town from the Eastward, they employed your Petitioner to 
go Express to Boston with a Letter to the Hon ble Council re- 
questing their directions respecting them. 

That the Cattle aforesaid have been since released by a 
Resdue of this Court in which no Provision was made for 
payment of y e Expence attending the seizure of them — And 
the Committee therefore refuse to pay your Petitioner for 
his Service alleging that they are intituled to no pay for their 
own trouble. Wherefore your Petitioner prays that your 
Honour wou'd order payment to be made him out of the 
Public Treasury for his said Service — or otherwise relieve 
your Petitioner as in your Wisdom you shall think proper 
& as in duty bound will ever pray — 

N. B. Your petitioner humbly thinks that the Expense 
to himself & Store — together with his own time & Horse 
Hire is worth at least Two Hundred Pounds — which he 
submits to your Honours just determination — 
Falmouth Feb y 28, 1780 

Joseph Barnard 



OK THE STATE OF MAIM-: L09 

Petitions from the Eastern parts of the States. 

The pretentions should he defensive ; the Intention Offensive, 
Let 500 .Men with 50 good new & light whale Boats be 
got down to Georges River with the utmosl dispatch. 

Let the haw Martial be establish'© 1 in the ( lounty of Lincoln 
within Certain Limitts on the Sea Coast & about 10 Miles 
back 

Let 400 Men be sent to Falmouth as soon as may be, with 
whale Boats also & 1 Company of Train. Then as soon as 
may be, let the Expedition be formed for the reduction of 
the Enemys Port: by raising 1100 Men, (making in all 
2000) with 2 Months provision, Ammunition, Cannon, 
Mortars, Boats &c with shipping rather more than a Match 
for what the Enemy may then have. 

The Troops should be sent down as fast as they are raised, 
to make preperation for the siei>;e to avoid the Enemy- 
Observation, to cut a road through from Penobscot to Kenne- 
beck as well as from Camden, that there may be a Communi- 
cation by Land in Case of Accident. 

In the mean time the 500 Men with the 50 Boats 
Should draw the Line between the Enemy & Adjacent In- 
habitants, cut otl* their Communication & prevent all Supplies 
& c & c on both sides. 

When all is ready The Shiping with the heavy Cannon 
Stores &c with the Troops from Falmouth should join in the 
Mouth (1 f Penobscott River | if needs be 3 the adjacent Militia 
of Cumberland mighl keep possession of the Work at Fal- 
mouth, or be in the Greatest Readiness) to Execute the Plan 
proposed — In the meantime there should be two or three 
small Cruisers on that Coast to protect the Coasters & prevent 
their small privatiers. — If nothing more than Defensive can 
be undertaken, 750 Men with 7"» Whale Boats is the leasl 



110 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

number that will answer in the County of Lincoln to do the 
work Effectually, with the Publication of the Martial Law. 

Also a force kept up at Falmouth 
Brig 1 " Wadsworth's — Opinion — 



Royalsborough Petition. 

State of the Massachusetts Bay 

To the Hon bIe the Council & House of Representatives in 
Gen 1 Court Assembled 

The Petition of Us the Subscribers Inhabitants of a New 
settlement on Anderscogen River in the County of Cumber- 
land call d Royalsborough Most Humbly Sheweth — 

That your Petitioners having But within a few years Be- 
gan to Make Improvements in this Part of the Wilderness 
about Thirty Mile from falmouth haveing Little or no ad- 
vantage of Gitting any Lumber to Purchas the Nessesareys 
of Life, by Reason of the Great Distance to Transport it, & 
JSTot Being as yet able to keep oxen Even to Plow our Land 
to Raise the Nessesareys of Life, Much more to Transport 
Lumber, and Even was it so that we Could Get Ever so much 
Down in the Winter Season, which is the only time we Can 
Transport it, by Reason of the Badness of the Roads, It 
is in So Little Demand at this time it will very hardly Pay 
the Hawling it to Market — so that we have Nothing to Sup- 
port ourselves & famaleys, But only What we Can Raise out 
of Uncultivated Land in the Wilderness — and not the one 
half of us are able or Can Probably Raise Enough of the 
Nessesareys of Life to Suport our famaleys — And haveing 
Been at Great Charge in Raiseing Men for the Penobscut 
Campayn — and having Rec d a Large Tax Warrant from 
the State Treasurer Dated 1779 To Raise 

£1341 : 13 : 4 d Which is assesed upon our Poles & Estates, and 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



111 



the Counstable already haveing taken a Number of Cows, 
Young Cattle, and Sheep by Distress from the People to \)\<- 
charge the s cI Tax and Many More Must he Distressed Dayly 
Which Renders our Case almost Deplorable, having Nothing 
to liaise Money With, but our Cows & Small Stoek of 
Creatuers which is our Whole Dependance for the Suport of 
Life. And to our Great Suprise have Within a few Days 
Rec d Another Tax Warrant from the State Treasurer to Raise 
£1341 : 13 : 4 d More, Which we Realy see no way to pay But 
to Sell our Lands, our Sons or our Daughters to Discharge 
and Pay the Same, & then Remove to the Towns from whence 
we Last Come & leave ourselves Upon the Marcy of the 
People there for the Suport of Life. 

Therefore Most Humbly Pray that your IIon rs Would 
Take our poor Distressed Case into your Most Wise & Com- 
patinate Consideration and Disscharge us from the Last Tax 
of £1341:13:4 or as Much of it as you Shall Think .Most 
Just and Equitable and your Pititioners as in Duty Bound 
Will Ever pray 

Moses Mariner 

Charles Gerrish 

Samuel Goodwin 

Benja Yining 

Ezekiel Jones 

Samuel Smith 

Hugh Marwitz 

John Winslow Com' 



John Hoit 
Yinsen Robarts 
Samuel York 
Stephen Randel 
John Ferrow 
John Gushing 
Elias Davis 
Stephen Wesson 
March the 2 nd 1780 



Israel Bayly 
Jon a Armstrong 
Joshua St rout 
Joseph Davis 
William Robins 
Waif Gavin 



Petition of Soldiers relative to pay. 



To the Hon. General Court of the State of Massachusetts Bay 

The Petition of the Subscribers Humbly Sheweth — 

That vour Petitioners were soldiers in the late Unfortunate 



112 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Expedition at Penobscot, under Capt. Gray, in Col. Mitchel's 
Regiment of Militia ; that we expected to receive such a 
pecuniary reward as the Hon Court should order therefor, 
that we have not received any part of our wages ; that Capt. 
Gray has offered to pay us the same, excepting a Stoppage 
of about Fifteen Shillings for each Man borne on his Rolls ; 
which he says he has not received, and Col. Mitchel has kept 
for his Trouble of Carrying up the Rolls & bringing down 
the Money / The like Stoppage we have heard he has Made 
on all the Rolls he carried up / We have nothing to say 
against the Stoppages made by the Hon. Court for Arms &c 
But as we never gave any person any orders to draw or re- 
ceive our Money, neither were any ways consulted by Capt. 
Gray or Col. Mitchel respecting the same — and could have 
had our Money bro't home without any charge to us ; we 
think the whole is due to us, and the stopping any part there- 
of, is conspicuously taking away our Money without our 
consent — and as we know no difference between a Right to 
take the whole of our money without our consent — We have 
and do Refuse to take the same. Hitherto the property of 
a soldier has been deemed to be less in the power of an officer 
than even his Life itself. But, if a Colonel may, thro' the 
hands of his Captains, Stop a part of the wages of his 
Regiment ; or if a Captain may Stop a part of the wages of 
his Company, without the consent, or any warrant from 
Authority Therefor / which part may be greatly increased, 
according to the pleasure of officers — as we hear there is 
great inequality in the Stoppages made in the several Com- 
panies in this Regiment) we humbly conceive, that the wages 
of private soldiers, promised, and stipulated, by the Legisla- 
tive Power, will be a thing of great uncertainty — unless 
the Hon. Court should think proper to State the Fees of 
officers for their Trouble in making up Rolls, getting and 
paying off the same. All which, we have heard, some in this 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 113 

Reg 1 have deducted from the Rolls. Such a Conduct we 
think, reflects paleness on the face of Civil Liberty; and 
hath indeed, a gloomy aspect toward thos who serve their 
Country in the Fields of War. We frankly own, with de- 
ference to the lion. Court, thai we must despise the service 
of that Country where such a Conduct is tolerated — at least 
only our Safety, and that of the Country can prompt us 
thereunto Not the Hope of reward. And how long we can 
be safe in such a Country your Honors will Judge. We do 
not Trouble the Hon. Court solely on account of the pecuni- 
ary sum and are very sorry that a Gentleman of Capt. Gray's 
Integrity has driven us thereunto — But we will not be 
plundered by officers of any Rank or Station, while we know 
of any means that we can use to prevent the same. We 
therefore Pray, that your Honors would appoint some suit- 
able Person to draw our money according to the Rolls in the 
Secretary's office, or otherwise Relieve us as you in your 
Wisdom shall think fit. And as in Duty bound your Peti- 
tioners shall ever Pray. 

Ozias Blanchard Josiah Humphrey 
James Crocker Thomas Silvester 
Abner Dennison Daniel Worthley 
North Yarmouth March 2 d 1780 



Petition of Andrew Patterson 

To the Honourable the Counsal and house of Representatives 
In the State of Massachusetts bay in General Court 
assembled the petition of Captain Andrew patterson Humbley 
Sheweth that your petitioner lived at penobscut River at 
the time that our armey Retreated from magibagadouse, and 
that with a large family of nine Children and his wife were 
forsed to flee from the Enemy and was fourteen davs in the 



114 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

woods before he got to Kenebeck river, and left all his Cropp 
behind and all his household furniture, and he has been 
obliged to sell part of his Cloaths to suport his wife and 
Children — and your petitioner is now Distitute of the neces- 
saries of life both food and Rainmant, your petitioner prays 
that your Honours would be pleased to take his Case into 
your Consideration and grant such Relife as you in your 
wisdom may see meet, and your petitioner as in duty bound 

will Ever pray 

Andrew Patterson 

Kennebeck River above Fort Hallifax March ye 2 1780 



Mason Wheaton to Charles Cushing. 

Thomaston March 2 1780 
Hon d 

Sir: 

there Was this Day 2 men brought before me Who were 

accus'd with taking a Small Schooner By force of arms from 

a wharf in Salem the two men that belonged to the Schooner 

being unarmed were obliged to Com with them these men 

that took the Schooner Said they were Bound to Major 

Bagaduce, in their way to the Enemy they put in at Georges 

Island Where one of the farmers maid his escape to this 

Place and Informed us of his misfortune Six men from hero 

armed them Selves and pursued them and at Fox Island 

found them and Retook the Schooner and Brought her in 

here I thought proper to forward them to you fast as I could 

inclosed I have Sent you the Resolve of Council Concerning 

them which was taken with one of them I have also Sent 

the Depositions of the Names that were forced away with 

the Schooner tho they are not very Correct I had thought 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 115 

at first to Commit them to goal But Concluded to Refer it 

to you to Due with them as you think proper these from 

your Hum 16 Serv* 

Mason Wheaton 

Charles Gushing Esq 1- Brig. Gen Att Pownalhorough 



Letter from Coll Allan. 

Machias March 3 d 1780 
Sir, 

My last was of the 25 th Ult° at the same time sent a Copy 
of a letter of the G th Jan y Accompanyed with a letter from 
Cap 1 Mowat & an advertisement, a copy of which I now 
send for fear of their being again taken — 

In my last 1 promised to Acquaint the Hon' 'ble Board 
how I fell in with the Two Persons & my reasons of going 
Westward. — 

By repeated Intelligence & Advice, I was fully satisfyed 
that a Combination was on foot for opening a Trade with 
the Britains, in this Eastern County & that a Quantity of 
Masts Spares & other Lumber was Collecting for the purpose 
— I did not apprehend any thing woud be Done till the 
Spring Consequently keep'd easey myself on the Matter — 
But Intelligence Came that one Cap' Cogswell a noted Tory 
and a Cap 1 Mowat of a British Transport had Come thro h 
the Country as far as Gouldsboro 1 without being molested or 
hendred — the former person Threatening what wou'd be 
done — at the Same Time Circular letters were Dispersed, 
tor a Meeting of the Several Committees Excluding the East- 
ward of NTarroguagus, the Design appears to gel the several 
Districts to Submit to the Taking of their Lumber, as being 
a matter of Necessity to prevent Worse Evils from the 
Britains 



110) DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Upon Viewing the matter Thoroly & the Steps Taken to 
Influence the minds of the Weak & Credulous, I tho't it Ex- 
pedient for the Public Utility to make an Excurtion West- 
ward, Expecting on the way to get some Volunteers & proceed 
as far as Bagaduce & to do what Damage I Cou'd to the 
Enemy — Having no other Troops, I Took a party of Indians, 
we were properly Equipt with Snow Shoes & they making a 
hasty march arrived at Frenchmans Bay the 2 d Night, being 
suspicious that some body might be at Col Jone's, I took the 
Necessary precautions, suddenly entered the house where I 
found Cap 1 Benj a Millican late of Union River a Noted 
Tory & one Johnson Carpenter of the Nattulas, with them 
were some persons that woud Undoubtedly Surprise the 
Hon' 'ble Board — I sent the Prisoners to Machias — on our 
way here I rec d Intelligence of a Trader with a Quantity of 
Articles procured at the Westward intended for Bagaduce, 
was froze up at oak point, I entended to have inquired into 
it, But the Indians Geting the Scent woud go that way, I 
was much afraid of the Consequence as I heard there was 
Rum, but Determined they were on going as the least name 
of a Tory with those with me was enough — 

On my arrival there I found Rum & other Matters & 
According to Custom, notwithstanding my utmost endeavours, 
many of them got Drunk, this retarded me, & rec d Intelli- 
gence that Express had got to Blue Hill Bay in the Morning 
& Probable woud be at Bagwaduce very soon, for fear of dif- 
ficultys by the Indians keeping drunk I suddenly prepared 
for a Return, & sent the Indians on as I Coud get them off 
before me. 

Notwithstanding all the Care I possibly Coud Take, the 
Indians Took Several matters tho' not of much value from 
this man, which I found out & gave him a receipt for, with- 
out Doubt he is most friendly to Britain, tho' it was not my 
Desire to have him Hurted — I returnd to machias after 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 117 

having been away Ten Days Colo Jones Secreted himself or 
I shoud have bro'1 him to Machias, the Indians are most 
Inviterate against him <.V that Justly by What they have heard 
& seen — 1 had much ado to prevent his Interest from being 
distroy'd, my proposing to take his person was the only thing 
that prevented it. 

During this Excursion I had Several Conferences with 
persons in Different Districts & find to Demonstration, the 
plan pursuing by a Number to Turn the Lumber Trade to 
Britain, I found the Common people as friendly as ever, hut 
Depress'd being in General poor, depends upon Others for 
help & I know not which way to Act, — it was easily to per- 
ceive the impression this Excursion made on Friends as well 
as Enemys, & the Resentment of the Latter for Stoping at 
presant their business, people in General seem in a better 
State now, & I Could wish it was in my power to Support it. 

If there is not Assistance soon the Country must fall, as 
soon as the Ice is gone the Ships will be out & without any 
manner of Doubt will Act so rigidly k the Indigent state of 
the People, as to force a Compliance, A Twenty Gun Ship 
is Expected every day at Frenchmans Bay for Masts, the 
Carpentor taken was there Inspecting them — 

I need not mention the Indigent State of the Department 
as I have troubled the Hon'ble Board a great Deal about it 
already — but must Solicit a Speedy Dismission, There Can- 
not be a Gentleman in the Hon'ble Court that woud leave a 
person a Victim to the Vengeance of a Bloody Enemy, the 
Honor Confer'd upon, binds me to Continue to the last, but 
my Situation is such that I cannot be of service to my 
Country, & Liable to Every Disgrace myself, for I have it 
not in my power to oppose Forty men shoud tiny Attack us, 
the Indians are obliged to Draw of, to their hunting for 
present subsistence, nor have I Even it in my Power to fur- 
nish them with Ammunition for that purpose, Reproches & 



118 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Insults are repeated Daily for Breach of Promise, Oblige to 
Submit to every Indignity & Court them more than Ever. 

Notwithstanding the poor way we have been in, the Ex- 
pence has been Enormous for want of regular supplys — the 
Quantity of Butter Deposited here in the fall, was sufficient 
for the whole Amarican Army a Year, & which I expected to 
have been ordered to send westw d before now — has been 
mostly Exchanged for Vigitables & other Xecessarys to the 
greatest Disadvantage — a Quantity of the Peltry from the 
Truck House has been disposed of for the purpose, nor Coud 
I any way procure it otherways — all this Necessiated to 
keep the Indians, who are our only Defence, about Twenty 
five whites in the Service, has not had three Weeks Bread 
Since December, nor have I had in my own Quarters the 
Value of five Weeks in that Time, and seldom a Day passes 
without Twenty or Thirty Indians in the House at Victuals. 

I have this day about 5 Bushels Corn left, which was Bor- 
rowed to give the Indians Tomorrow, after which I have 
neither Bread, Meat or any other thing (Butter Excepted) 
to give whites or Blacks — 

But all these matters which are past, is not tho't of, nor 
the hardships we may Indure, in this respect, our Situation 
in respect of opposing our Enemys & Stoping their Progress 
is the greatest Trouble, — I shall take the Liberty to Com- 
municate without the least Exaggeration the Situation of 
this Post. 

At present Thirty three white persons in the whole; not 
one Weeks Provisions, about 200 w Powder for Cannon & Small 
Arms, The Indians for want of Subsistance Drawing of in 
the Woods, that in Ten days there will not be Fifteen Left — 
The Inhabitants Dishearten'd by the Strength & Threats of 
the Enemy — great part of the Westward of Pleasant River, 
perticularly the leading people falling in with the Enemys 



O F T 1 1 E 8 TATE OF M A r N E 110 

Terms, and every step taken to discourage the Militia in 
opposing — by which the Enemy Views this Post as a pe- 
culiar object to Distroy, in order to Accomplish their Plan — 
For this End Colo Rogers went up the River S l Johns the 
Last of December for Quebeck — where his brother had a 
party of Rangers & a Number of Indians Mowhawks & Iro- 
quois, and without doubt are on their March at this Time, 
this Ace 1 I rec d from S l Johns, Halifax & by a Private 
Ace 1 from Bagwaduce — some Ships are ordered to block up 
the Harbour Early & a X umber of Troops to Land large sup- 
plys Laid in at S l Johns & Major Stue hn has sent a Mes- 
sage for all the Indians to Assemble at lb Johns to hear some 
great news for them & receive Presents, this is to draw them 
away till they Can Accomplish their Design — and I am 
afraid that most will Attend, as my Situation Cannot pre- 
vent it, — I hope from this the Hon'ble Court will Look at 
my Situation, & Relive me from those Difficultys I have 
the Honor to Be with very great Respect Sir 

Your most Ob 1 very hbS 1 

J Allan 

By Virtue of the last Summers Resolves I have Isued out 
orders to raise a Company of Rangers 20 to be Stationed at 
Frenehmans Bay, 20 at Narrawguagus & 20 at Pleasent 
Kiver, till the first of May, it Takes much with the people 
& 1 Trust will be of great Service in Stoping the Designs of 
the Enemy. 

I forgot to mention to the Hon'ble Board that there must 
not be anything allowed lor Services done in this Depart- 
ment or things supply'd without a Certificate from me. 
Allso no Rations whatever to be allowed .Militia to the East- 
ward of Frenehmans Haw as I have furnished them a great 
part & obligations given, by me for the Remainder 

The Hon'ble Jer. Powell Esq* 



120 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Joseph McLellan to the General Court. 

Falmouth March 3 d 1780 
To the Honourable the General Court of the State of Massa- 
chusetts Bay 

A Convention of a number of Committees in the County of 
Cumberland beg leave to represent to the Honourable Court 
their Situation & Circumstances. 

By all accounts from Penobscott, by deserters universally, 
& by other persons from thence we are informed that Gen 1 
McLean is recruiting in and about Hallifax, that Major 
Rogers is recruiting in the back parts of Nova Scotia in 
Order to make a descent early in the Spring on Falmouth 
and to annex as large a part of the Province of Main as 
possible to the British territories to the Northward, 

We are lately inform'd that the Forces at Penobscott al- 
ready amount to a thousand Men ; altho' neither M c Lean nor 
Rogers have yet return'd: That the abovesaid M c Lean & 
Rogers are shortly expected with their Recruits, when, it is 
said Falmouth is their Object. 

The Convention therefore pray in behalf of their Con- 
stituents, that the Honourable Court would Grant them a 
body of Men absolutely necessary for their Defence in case 
of an invasion. They also stand in need of an Enginere as 
well as experienced Officers. 

It is needless for this Convention to represent to the Court 
the importance of this Country to the United States, or that 
all East of Falmouth must fall into the Enemy's hands 
should they take post here. We therefore hope the honour- 
able Court will take our dangerous State into their Wise 
consideration, & beg leave to subscribe, 

your Honors most Obed 1 hum 1 Serv ts 
Joseph M c Lellan 

By Order of the Convention. 



OF THE STATE OB 1 MAINE 121 

In the House of Representatives March 16, 1780 

Read and committed to the Committee who have under 

consideration, the situation of the Eastern parts of the 

State — 

Scut up for ( Joncurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council March 16\ 1780 
Read & Concurred 

John A. very D Sec'y. 

A Number of Cent. Acquainted with the eastern part of 
the State give it as their Oppinion that in order to be on the 
Defensive it is necessary to have 

400 Men. with 40 Whale Boats at Falmouth, with a Skil- 
ful Engineer to make Defensive Preparation & c 

1000 Men & 100 Whale Boats in County Lincoln 200 of 

which to be sent to Machias to Coll Allen. 

To Apply to the State of Xew Hampshire for Troops 

Two or three Cruisers to be sent immediately on the East- 
ern shore to protect the Coasters 

That Coll Allen should have a Supply sent him in order 
to retain the Indians in our Favour. 
The Troops to be raised at Large in this State 

4 Field Pieces 4 & 6 pounders 

Brass Mortars 

Small Cruiser 5 or 10 Guns 

The Smallest the Enemy has 8 Guns 

Letter from J Allan 

Marhias March r» th 1780 
Sir 

Having an opportunity Westward — and the Danger (by 

reason of the Enemy) that my Letters may not reach Boston 

— I take the Liberty <>i Writing a ( Jopy of Part of my Letter 



122 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

which I request the favour of the Honble Board to attend to 
as a Matter of Fact — 

March 3 d =I shall Take the Liberty to Communicate to 
the Hon ble Board without the least Exaggeration the Situa- 
tion of this Port — 

At Present, Thirty three white persons in the whole, not 
one Weeks Provisions, about 200 lb Powder for Common & 
Smal] Arms — the Indians for want of Subsistence Drawing 
off in the Woods that in Ten Days there will not be Fifteen 
Left — the Inhabitants Disheartened by the Strength & 
Threats of the Enemy — Great part of the Westward of 
pleasant River, perticularly the leading men falling in with 
the Enemy's Terms, & every step taken to Discourage the 
Militia in Opposing — by which the Enemy Views this Port, 
as a perticular object to Distroy in order to Accomplish their 
plan — 

For this End Colo Rogers went up the River S l Johns 
the Last of December for Quebeck, where his Brother had a 
party of Rangers & a Number of Indians Mawshawks & Iro- 
quois and without doubt are on their March at this Time — 
This Ace 1 I rec d from S l John's, Halifax & by Private 
Acc ts from Bagaduce — some Ships are ordered to block up 
the Harbour Early & a Number of Troops to Land — Large 
supplys are laid in at S l Johns & Major Studholm has sent 
Messages for all the Indians to Assemble at S l Johns & meet 
him, to hear some Great News for them & receive presents, 
This is to Draw them away till they Accomplish their Design, 
and I am afraid that most will Attend, as my Situation Can- 
not prevent it, — 

I hope from this the Honble Court, will Look to my Sit- 
uation and Relieve me from these Difficultys — I have the 
Honour to Be with Great Respect Sir 

Your most obed very hbl serv* 

J Allan 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 123 

In Council April 7 l 1780 
Read & Sent down 

John Avery I) Secy 
In the House of Representatives April 7 th 1780 

Read *.V committed to the Committee appointed to con- 
sider what further measures are necessary to be taken for the 
defence of the Eastern Parts of this State And the Com- 
mittee are directed to sit forthwith — 

Sent np for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spkr 
In ( louncil April 7 1780 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Secy. 

Letter of J. Allan. 

Indian Eastern Department 

Head Quarters Machias March 5 th 1780 
Gentlemen 

I have to request of you, that should any Vessel or Vessels 
with Supplies for this Department put into any of your 
Districts; that you will please to give every Assistance, (and 
Communicate to the Master my Desire of their using their 
i'linost Endeavours to reach this Post, as a matter of the 
greatest Importance to the United States. 

The Letter with this must he forwarded with all Expedi- 
tion; but with the greatest Care and Caution — Let this be 
forwarded to the several Committees westward of Campden — 
I am very respectfully Gentlemen Your most Obed 1 
Hble Serv 1 

J Allan Con Ag» 

of Indians & Comm y of Machias 
The Committees, Magistrates \- Militia Officers of 
the Several Towns & Districts Westward of Camden 
State of Massachusetts Bay 



124 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter of John Gray to John Lewis. 

North Yarmouth March 6 th 1780 

Esq r Lewis Sir if M r Crockers Partision shuld be sent to 

Court by you Concerning the Stopage of Eny part of his 

wagers or Eny others that May Sine S d Pertision pray be 

So kind as to Let the Court know that I dont Stop one 

farthin more than Co 1 Mitchel had out of the Money for his 

Expence of gitting the Same and to Pay that Expence out 

of my Pocket I think very hard & Unreasonable when I Can 

Make it apear I have Lost all my wagers other ways I hope 

you will Save Me harmless if you Can — Xothing further 

only wishing you a good Jorny to Boston and a Safe Return 

from your Frind & Humble Sar 1 

John Gray 
M r John Lewis Esq 1 ' In X. Yarmouth 

Certificate of Thomas Watson in favor of Arthur Spencer. 

Boston 6 th March 1780 
This may Certify that upon the Expedition to Penobscut 
Doctor Arthur Spencer was Doctor of the Armed Ship 
Charming Sally Commanded by Alexander Holms Given 
under our hands 
Their Commander 

Daniel Waters Putnam of the 
John Cathcart Hazard 
John F. Williams Tyranacide 

An Invent 1-7 of Cloths &ce lost by Arth Spencer at Penobscut 

£ S d 

2 Broad Cloth Coats & Westcoats 160 

3 Summer Weastcoats 90 

4 p r Breeches 90 
8 Xew Shirts 240 



60 








90 








72 








20 








100 








30 








60 








30 








70 








86 


2 





60 









OF THE STATE OF maim: L25 

5 Old D° 

10 p r Stockings 

8 New ( 'ambrick Stocks 

2 Check Shirts 

1 Matrass Bolster & Pillow 

2 Blankets 
2 p r Sheets 

1 Trunk 
8 Handkerchiefs 

( 'ash expended for Traveling 

2 Months Wages 

£1258 2 
N. B. Besides Books and Instruments which its impos- 
sible to replace 

Arthur Spencer 
Boston 6 March 1780 

This may Certify that Doctor Arthur Spencer was Doct r 
of the Armed Ship Charming Sally, Alex 1 " Holms Com- 
mander, upon the Expedition to Penobscut where he lost all 
his Clothes kce and in a most miserable manner returned to 

this Town — 

Thomas Watson C: M: 

Boston 20 th March 1780 Charming Sally 



Resolve committing the Petition of Arthur Spencer. 

To the Honorable the Council, and House of Representatives 

of the State of Massachusetts Bay 

March 6, L780 

The Petition of Arthur Spencer in the most hum 1 manor 

Sheweth 

That your Petitioner upon the Expidition to Penobscot 
was Doctor of the Arm'd Ship Charming Sally, where he 



126 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

was unfortunate enough to loose every attorn of Cloths he 
was possessed of in the World. That your Petitioner through 
over Violent fatigue, which brought on a Fever was confined 
for upward of Three Weeks. That your Petitioner has 
never had any restitution made him either for Wages, Ex- 
pences or anything whatever. 

That, your Petitioner through the extreme severity of the 
Winter and the Exorbitant prices of every necessary of life 
has been reduced to a State of Indigence and want truely 
deplorable; which compells him to lay before your Honors 
his unhappy situation and in the most humble and pressing 
maner Solicit your Honors to take his pitiable case into con- 
sideration and grant him such assistance as your Honors may 
thinke proper and put it in his power with a Heart over- 
flowing with gratitude to declare Penobscot has not been his 
final Euin and your Petitioner as in duty bound will pray 

Arthur Spencer 
Boston 6 March 1780 

In the House of Eepresentatives Mar. 18, 1780 

Eead & committed to the Committee on Accounts — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 

In Council March 18* 1780 

Eead & Nonconcurred 

John Avery D Sec'y 

In Council March 21 th 1780 

Eead again and the Board reconsider their Vote of Non- 
concurrence passed the 18 th Ins 1 & Ordered — That Thomas 
Cushing Esq r with such as the Hon'ble House shall join be 
a Committee to take into Consideration this Petition of 
Doc r Arthur Spencer and report what may be proper to be 
done thereon — 
Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery D Sec y 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 127 

In the House of Representatives March 24 th 1780 

Read & Concurrd & Cap 1 Prooks & Capt Reed are 
joined — 

John Hancock Spk r 

The Committee of both Houses appointed to take under 

their Consideration the Petition of Doctor Arthur Spencer 

have attended the service & take leave to Report that it will 

he Expedient to Refer the Consideration of this Petition 

until] Such Time as the Cases of all such as were Engaged in 

the Penobscot Expedition & who have suffered in like manner 

with Doctor Spencer, shall be taken under the Consideration 

of the General Assembly, so that, in Case it should be thought 

just & reasonable to make them any Compensation for their 

Sufferings, the same line of Conduct may be observed with 

Respect to all of them 

All which is Submitted 

Thomas Cushing p r order 
In Council March 30 l 1780' 

Read & Accepted Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery D Sec y 



Report of Selectmen of Falmouth. 

The Select men of the Town Falmouth would inform the 
Hon bIe Court, thai upon the Reseet of the Courts Resolve of 
Sep 1 * Last Respecting Blankets, they Exerted themselves to 
Procure the Number of Blankets Requested of this town, but 
Could not at that time. Neither Can they a1 Present Procure 
any in the town of Falmouth, in addittion to those that were 
Lost When the town was Burnt, the Repeated Loss of that 
article by the Seamen of this place & those Lost by the 
Penobskut Expedition — has Striped the [nhabitants to that 
Decree that they have not Enough to Cover themselves, we 



128 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

would farther Inform the Hon ble Court that we have Done 
to the utmost in our Power in Procuring Shurts Shoes & 
Stockings — we are with all Due Respect your Honors Most 
obedient Hum ble Serv ts 

Richard Codman [ Selectmen 
Benj. Titcomb 1 of the town 
Daniel Dole ( of Falmouth 

Falmouth March 7 th 1780 

In Council March 27\ 1780 
Read & Sent down 

John Avery D Secy 



General Wadsivorth to Board of War. 

Boston 8 th March 1780 
Sir 

I think it would be for the good of the Service, if in Addi- 
tion to the Orders I have already received, of the hon ble 
Board, I might have orders to raise a Company (or at least 
a part of one) of Voluntiers. There are a considerable Num- 
ber of good Men that are driven from their Habitations, in 
& about Penobscott who would gladly engage in such a Com- 
pany, & whose Assistance will be necessary as Pilots, Spys 
&c &c & who, if not enlisted cannot be had without ready Pay 
I should also be glad to be furnish d with Six Stands of Arms 
& Accoutrements for Security of my Passage down. 

Also the Treason Act, if it is not thot fit to declare the 

martial Law, & two Blanketts from Sir Your most 

obedient & very humble serv* 

Peleg Wadsworth 
Hon ble Jeremiah Powell Esq r 

In Council March 9\ 1780 
Read & Sent down 

John Avery D Sec'y. 



ill ill I I I VI I. OF MAI \K 1 29 

Communication of Council to the General Com/. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber March 8: 1780 
Gentlemen of the Bouse of Representatives 

By the best [ntelligence from Europe it Appears highly 
Probable that the King of Great Britain is determined upon 
pursuing Measure to Reduce the United Stuns of America 
to a State of Abject Slavery. lie is reinforcing his Army 
& Navy; Another Campaign therefore may be expected, and 
the most Vigorous Exertions are necessary on our Part that 
we may have a respectable Army early in the Feild, Xo Time 
there fore should be lost for compleating our Quota of the 
Continental Army, Congress, sensible of this, have in their 
Letter of the 10 th of February last, which will be laid be- 
fore you by the Secretary, Recommended in the strongest 
Terms a punctual Compliance with a Resolution they passed 
the '.)"' of February requiring the States respectively to fur- 
nish by Drafts or otherwise, on or before the first of April 
next, their respective deficiencies of the number of Thirty 
five Thousand Two Hundred *.V Eleven men, exclusive of 
Commissioned Officers, which they think necessary for the 
service of the present year, Our Proportion as Settled by 
Congress, amounts to Six Thousand and seventy. We are 
perswaded, that at this critical stage of the present glorious 
Contest, you will not he wanting in the most zealous Efforts 
to Comply with this Requisition; at the same time we are 
constrained earnestly to recommend it to you & take the most 
speedy & effectual .Measures that the Militia of this State 
may be properly Equipped with Arms & Ammunition — 
that the Several Fortresses may be garrisoned with a suffi- 
cient number of Men & put in the best Posture of Defence, 
and that such quantities of Provision & Ammunition may 
be provided as to put us in a scituation to repel! the Enemy, 



130 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

if they should Attempt an Invasion of this State the Ap- 
proaching Season. We have directed the Secretary to lay 
before you Sundry Letters & Resolutions of Congress that 
have been received during the recess, one dated the 14 th 
Dec r last inclosing a Resolution "that all the States shall be 
called upon to furnish their Quotas of such supplies as may 
from time to time be wanted for carrying on the War," No 
requisition, in pursuance of this Resolution, has yet been 
made upon this State for any Specific articles: Had this 
Measure been adopted by Congress early last fall, it might 
have been practicable at that season of the year, for this 
State to have furnished the articles that might have been 
required ; but under present Circumstances we Cannot think 
of any other way more expedient or Effectual for this Pur- 
pose, than to furnish the Agent or Agents appointed by the 
Commissary General to purchase Provisions & Stores for y e 
Army within this State, with Cash out of the money raised 
for y e United States, certainly is best acquainted with the 
Business, Can Effect it with the greatest Ease & Dispatch, 
& will be accountable if it is not accomplished, provided he 
is supplied seasonably by us with Money for this Purpose, 
and upon this Subject we cannot omit to observe, that as 
farther Emissions of Continental Money have Ceased & 
Congress depend for the future on Loans & Taxes for the 
Sums Necessary to Carry on the War, It will be for you to 
take decisive & Effectual Measures for seasonably levying 
& Collecting this States Proportion of the Continental Taxes, 
Congress have pointed out what sums they Expect from this 
State by the Month of October next ; and unless their Requisi- 
tions are punctually Complyed with the Consequences may 
be fatal, The Alacrity with which the Assemblys of this State 
have hitherto Enacted Laws for raising Taxes & the ready 
Compliance of the people therewith leave no room to doubt 
but that you will still Continue to manifest your zeal for 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 131 

the Common Cause by immediately making ample Provision 
for tin's Purpose. 

The Secretary will also lay before you a Letter of the 18 
of January last inclosing a Resolution of Congress of the 13 
for the Regulation of Prisoners of War; and a Resolution 
of the 11th of January recommending that Provision be 
made tor Conferring like Privileges and immunities on the 
subjects of his Mosl Christian Majesty within this State as 
are granted to the Subjects of the United States of America 
within the Kingdom of France Agreable to the Eleventh 
Article of the Treaty of Amity \- Commerce 

These Resolutions are important, the one as it may re- 
spect the more speedy enlargement of Unfortunate men in 
Captivity, and the other as it will afford us an opportunity 
of testifying our Regard to the Interest of that Prince with 
wlmm the United States have formed so happy a Connec- 
tion — 

A ( lommittee of Several town plantations in y e County of 
Lincoln having represented that the Inhabitants of that part 
of the Eastern Country had been greatly distressed & Im- 
poverished by the guards y' have been kept up for their de- 
fence Against the British Forces Stationed at Majorbigwa- 
duce and that there was a necessity of some Assistance being 
immediately afforded them, by a supply of Men & Provisions 
for their Support, The Council have thought tit. Agreeable to 
\" Powers with which they were Invested the last Session, to 
order two Companies consisting of fifty men each Including 
Officers to be raised, one in the County of York & the other 
in y" County of Lincoln, to Continue in Service for the term 
of three months from their arrival at Camden (the place of 
their Rendezvous) unless sooner discharged there to follow 
the orders of Brigadier Wadsworth, whom we have appointed 
to take y" Command of such men as shall be raised for 
y 9 defence of y e Eastern Country and have also Issued 



132 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Orders to the Board of War to supply Waterman Thomas Esq, 
whom we have appointed Commissary to y e two Companies 
before mentioned, with such Camp Equipage Provisions & 
Ammunition as shall be necessary, ^f We have also Issued 
a Warrant on the Treasury for a Sum of Money to purchase 
Eight Whale Boats which we apprehend will be absolutely 
necessary for y e use of y e Troops before Mentioned % We 
have Endeavoured to obtain the best information possible of 
y e circumstances of that Country & of the Strength & Situa- 
tion of the British Fort at Majorbigwaduce & have made a 
representation of y e same to the Delegates of this State at 
Congress, & Instructed them to lay y e same before that Hon ble 
Body & to Urge the Necessity of their taking some effectual 
Measures, as soon as possible for the removal of y e Enemy 
from the Post they now possess We rely upon the success 
of this application 

We have been Informed by the Board of War that not a 
twentieth part of the Debts contracted by means of the Ex- 
pedition to Penopscut have been discharged, We recommend 
this matter to your immediate Attention, The Creditors of 
this Government upon this & other occassions are very great 
sufferers & the Reputation of this State requires that Pro- 
vision should be immediately made for the Payment of the 
Debts Due to them 

We shall cheerfully Concur with you in all such Measures 
as may be thought necessary for the advancement of the In- 
terest of this and the United States — 

Enoch Ilsley to Board of War. 

Falrn y e 9 th March 1780 
Gentle 11 

Inclosed is Cap 1 Waites Receipt for one Cask k one bundle 

of Clothing & Blankets for the Soldiers, which John Lewes 



01 iii i : STATE of MAINE \ '■>'•) 

Esq' Agenl Directed me to send to your Hon", which Pleas 
to Receive & pay the freight, the Cask Contains. — fifty four 
p r Shose 20 shirts & 22 p r Stokens the bundle 10 shirts, 5 
p r Stokens & 11 blankets I should have pack d them all in a 
larger Cask, lmi the bundle I Rec d Since the Vessel! was 
loaded cV a larger Cask Could not he put under Deck — 

Your Ilumh Serv' 

Enoch Tlsley 
The Hon" Board of Warr 



Chairman of Convention at Narraguagus to den' Court. 

Most Respectable Sirs, 

Narraguagus 9 th March 1780 

The Deligates from the Townships Laying between 
Machias and Frenchmans-Bay in Convention Assembled, 
Beg Leave to Address your Honor's on the present unhappy 
Situation of this Country, and Inform your Honor's that 
ever since the Commencement of this unnatural and Horid 
War, the Inhabitants of these Townships have Injured every 
Hardship, (depending on the Assistance and Protection of 
your Honor's) with Patience and Resolution becoming Men 
Determined to be Free We Humbly represent to your Honor's 
that the Method of Raising Men in this Country for it's De- 
fence, Joes not by any Means Strengthen us, as the In- 
habitants are still unanimous in Defending their Country 
can they be supported with the assistance of their Country- 
men, that the season fast approaches, when We may Expect 
that our Enemys will Visit this Extensive sea-coast, at pres- 
ent Intirely unable to Defend themselves — that we have 
already received their Threatning Advert i/.inent, wherein 
they Command all the Inhabitants of these Townships 
Immediately to present themselves at Major- Uagaduce to take 
the oath of Fidelity — 



134 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and We are happy to further Inform your Honor's that 
even at this day of great Distress, we are Unanimous and 
Determined in opposing the Enemy to the Last Extremity, 
and We Flatter ourselves that should We be assisted by our 
Bretheren from the Westward, We shall be able to avoid our 
Threatned Distruction, Hourly Expecting, and Impatiently 
waiting your Honors Determination in favour of these 
Settlements, and Assistance, we Remain with all due Sub- 
mission, by order of the Convention — 

Your Honors Most Obed* Hum Serv 1 

Daniel Merit Chairman 



Paul Revere to the Council and Gen 1 Court. 

To the Hon ble the Council and House of Representatives of 
the State of Massachusetts Bay in General Court assembled. 

The Petition of Paul Revere Lieut Colonel and Com- 
mander of a Corps of Artillery in the service of said State 
sheweth 

That upon a charge of Misconduct in the late Expedition 
to Penobscot, exhibited against him to the Hon™ Council by 
Thomas Jeners Carnes, he was by Order of the said Council 
on the 6 th day of Septem r last arrested and Ordered to resign 
the Command of Castle Island and remove himself to his 
dwelling house in Boston there to continue until the matter 
complained of could be duly inquired into, or he be dis- 
charged by the General Assembly or the Council. 

That on the 9 th of the same month Septem 1 " your Petitioner 
received another Order of Council, whereby the Arrest afore- 
said was taken off and he directed to pass an examination 
before a Committee of the General Assembly appointed to 
enquire into the Cause of the Failure of the said expedition, 
v\ hich Order as in duty bound, he obeyed ; but the said Com- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 1 35 

mittee after enquiring into bis condud neither acquitted nor 
I londemned liim. 

Thai your petitioner «li<l petition this Honorable Court 
on the last day of September Session praying for a Court 
Martial to try his conducl agreeable to the Continental \U'-\i- 
lations under which his Corps of Artillery, was put by a 
Resolve of the 29 th of June 1T7!»; which Petition was ref ered 
to the Committee above named, who afterwards reported par- 
ticularly respecting him, hut the Report, as he understood, 
was not agreed to by both Houses 

That in such a situation as must he deam'd grievous to 
any officer, Your Petitioner lias three several times requested 
the Hon ble Council to order a Court Martial upon him, hut 
has been so unfortunate as not to obtain one; for want of 
which he has been six months suffering all that Indignity 
which his Enemies, who he conceives make it a personal 
affair, are pleased to impose upon him. 

Your petitioner therefore most earnestly prays this 
Honorable Assembly to take his Case under Consideration 
and Order a Court Martial to try his conduct as commander 
of the Corps aforesaid, either generaly or particularly during 
the said Expedition to Penobscot, and your Petitioner will 

ever pray 

Paul Revere 
Boston March 9 th 1780 
In the House of Representatives Marh. 16, 1780 

Read & thereupon Orderd That Mr Greenleaf & Mr Fes- 
senden with such as the Hon We Hoard shall join he a Com- 
mittee to consider the same — & report what is proper to be 
done thereon 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council March hi ,h L780 

Read & Concurred & Tim" Danielson Esq/ is joined 

John Avery 1) iSec'y 



136 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petition of John Megoff. 

To the Honble the Council and House of Representatives of 
the State of Massachusetts Bay in General Court As- 
sembled — 

John Megoff begs leave humbly to shew to your Honors 
by this his Memorial — That he was a Sailor on board the 
Brigantine Tyrranicide Allen Hallet Esq r Commander in the 
Service of this State, and that in an Engagement with the 
Enemy when the Armed Brig 1 Revenge was Captured by the 
Tyrranicide, your Memorialist lost his Leg by which mis- 
fortune he is totally deprived of the means of procuring a 
livelihood and is now in an extreemly distressed situation and 
as it has been the practice of all Nations to make a Provision 
for Persons in circumstances similar to your Memorialist, 
and as Your Memorialist conceives such Provision to be 
founded upon the Principles of Justice & humanity he 
humbly prays your Honors to take his distressed case into 
your wise consideration and afford him such relief as in your 

"Wisdom may appear proper 

John X Megoff 



Petition of Town of Cape Elizabeth. 

State of the Massachusetts Bay to the Honourable the Council 
and the Honourable the House of Representatives in General 
Court Assembled March 1780 

The Petition of the Town of Cape Elizabeth Humbly 
Sheweth that the port of Falmouth and Cape Elizabeth is 
in a poor State of Defence & if the Enemy make a Deccent 
on the port the whole Eastern parts must suffer and as the 
Honourable Court have allowed but twenty four Matross for 
the Defince of said port this year & our fears Greater then 
Usual Would pray the Honourable Court to Augment the 



OF Til E ST.VI i; OP MAIM'. 1 3 i 

Number in the Fort at Cape Elizabeth to one full Company 
(.V Supply them with some more & heavier Canon & a munition 
& Supply them with provisions without the Crossing the 
River to Falmouth which will be Difficult it' the Enemy 
should Send Shiping in, hut if it is Lncompatable with the 
wisdome of your Honour, would pray thai we may not be 
Weakened by Drafts on our Militia this Summer as their 
Number is Greatly Decreased from what it was heretofore 
— As we Never had any ('oulars for said Foart would pray 
the honourable Court to scud Some & provide a Guard Boat 
& men to make Discovery without the harber if your Honours 
in Wisdom see tit and your petitioners as in Duty bound 

shall Ever pray 

George Deake 1 Selectmen of 
George Stuart j Cape Elizabeth 

P. C. We also pray your Honours that we may have a 
good Spay glas for the yous of the fort on Spring Pint 
Henry Dyer Charman 

Commity of Saftey for Cap Elizabeth 



In the House of Representatives March 14 th 1780 

Read & thereupon Order'd — that Maj r Osgood .Mr Lewis 
& Coll Dawes — with such as the Hon ble Board Shall join be 
a Committee to consider the same — and also the Letter & 
Petition from Coll Mason Wheaton — & report what is proper 
to be done thereon — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk* 
In Council March 11"' L780 

Read & Concurred & Samuel Adams and 

Joseph Simpson Ksq rs are joined 

John Avery D Secy 



138 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Resolve of Council. 

State of Mass ts Bay 

In Council March 13 th 1780 

Whereas the difficulty & hazzard of Travelling on the First 
Tuesday of January last prevented the Justices of the In- 
feriour Court of Common Pleas, or any two of them meeting 
together for holding or adjourning the Inferiour Court of 
Common pleas in the County of York, and as a failure of 
Justice may arise to the Suiters thereat unless a remedy is 
provided in that behalf — It is therefore Resolved that all 
actions pending in the said Inferiour Court of Common 
pleas on the first Tuesday of January last & all Writs and 
other processes returnable thereat, may be returned taken 
up acted upon & have day in the Inferiour Court of Com- 
mon pleas by Law appointed to be held at York within and 
for the County of York on the Second Tuesday of April 
next, as fully and effectually as they might have been on the 
first Tuesday of January last, of which all Persons Interested 
are to take Notice & govern themselves accordingly 
Sent down for Concurrence 

Sam 1 Adams Secr y 
In the House of Representatives March 14, 1780 
Read & Concurred 

John Hancock Spkr 
Consented to 

Jer Powell Moses Gill Sam 1 Baker 

A Ward B. White J Simpson 

Caleb Gushing T. Danielson Aaron Wood 

T Gushing IN" Cushing E Cutts 

J Fisher Jn° Pitts Sam 1 Niles 

Resolve on the letter of Col Noyes. 

Resolved, that the Sale of said Articles as Represented in 
said Letter & Confirmed by the Accounts of some persons 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 139 

present were conducted in a manner Injurious to the Repu- 
tation of the Americas Stales, and of this Government in 
Particular. And as all Plagga are under the protection of 
Government & no loss or Embezzlement should he suifered 
to take place — 

Resolved, that Peter Noyce Esq 1- be & hereby is Impowered 
to receive into his possession all & every Article saved out of 
said ( 'artel, to he kept in his Custody untill the further Order 
of the Council of this State, k. that the present possessors 
be & hereby are requested to deliver the same to the said 
Peter Noyce Ksi| r — who is to return an Inventory thereof 
into the Secretary's Office as soon as may he & the present 
possessors may Exhibit to the General Assembly their 
Accounts for any Advances or Expences made by them on 
Account of said Articles — all which is humbly submitted 

in Council .March 18, 1780 
Read & Accepted 

Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery D Sec'y 

In the House of Representatives March 25 1780 

Read & concurred as taken into a new draught 
Sent up for Concurrence — 

John Hancock Spk r 

In Council March 25, 1780 
Ivead i.V Concurred 

John Avery D Secy 
< lonsented to • 

J ere Powell D.Davis N Goodman 

W. Sever T. Danielsou Edw d Cutts 

A Ward N Gushing T. Edwards 

S Adams J Simpson A Fuller 

B. White Sam Xiles J no Pitts 



140 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Resolve of Council in the Case of Col. Revere. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In Council March 18 th 1780 

Whereas Lieut Col Paul Kevere of the Trans belonging 
to This State has petitioned The General Court that a Court 
Martial might be called to try his Conduct while serving in 
the late Expedition to Penobscutt 

Therefore Resolved That the Council of This State be 
and hereby are impower'd and requested to appoint a Court 
Martial to consist of such Militia A or Continental Officers B 
or officers of the Train or of all or either of them c as they 
may think proper, for the Tryal of Lieut Col Paul Revere 
touching his Behavour, as is particularly set forth in The 
Report of a Committee of the General Court appointed to 
examine into the Conduct of the Officers of the Train em- 
ployed on the Expedition to Penobscutt 

Dated Nov 1 " 16 1779 

And it is further Resolved that the Council of This State 
be and hereby are impowerd and requested to examine, and 
allow the reasonable Accounts of the several Members That 
may be appointed on the aforesaid Court Martial for their 
expences while sitting, and give Warrants on the Treasurer 
of this State for the Payment of the same 

Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery D Secy 

In the House of Representatives March 21 — 1780 

Read and concurred with the following amendments viz 1 at 
A dele Continental <& dele from B to C 
Sent up for Concurrence 

In Council March 21 1780 

Read & Concurred John Avery D Sec'y 
Mr Tudor Col Aspinwall Capt Wales 



OF III E 8TATE <>F M.\l NK 1 I 1 

Consented to — 

Jere Powell T. I tanielsoH •' n" Pitta 

A Ward Tim Edwards X. dishing 

T. Cushing J Simpson A Fuller 

.1 Kisher A;m>n W 1 X. Goodman 

B. White Oliver Prescotl Edw d Cutis 



Resolve of General Court respecting Schr. Nancy. 

State of the Massachusetts Bay [ 

The Committee to whom was committed the letters of Col 
Peter Noyes together with the report of the Committee of 
both Houses upon that Letter, ask leave to report the follow- 
ing resolves. 
In the Rouse of Representatives March 25, 1780 

Whereas it appears to this Court that the Schooner Nancy 
a Vessel in the service of the Enemy & duly commissioned as 
a Cartel on her passage from Halifax to this State was cast 
ashore on or about the 12 th day of Feb 5 last at ( 'ape Elizabeth, 
and whereas it appears that the Articles saved from the 
Wreck were afterwards unfairly & illegally sold 

And Whereas all ('artels with their appurtenances are 
under the special protection of the State in whose Ports they 
arrive & the reputation of the Government is interested in 
preventing am Embezzlement or unnecessary Loss to the 
Enemy, who in such instances by the Paws of Nations have 
a right to confide in the Faith & Justice of the Government 
to defend & secure such property; And Whereas it appears 
that the Appurtenances saved out of the aforesaid schooner 
were sold & the Shell burnt without the permission or knowl- 
edge of proper authority — 

Therefore resolved thai the said Peter Noyes be & he here- 
by is authorized & impower'd to demand \- receive of each 



142 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

& every Possessor of the several articles which were saved 
from said Cartel, all such articles & in case of refusal to make 
return of the name of each Person so refusing to the Council 
of this State, in order that a due process of Law may be had 
for the recovery of the Property so irregularly obtain'd, & 
injuriously withheld 

And the said Peter Xoyes is hereby directed to make & 
return to the Council an exar-t inventory of the Articles he 
may receive in consequence of this resolve & to hold such 
Articles in safe Custody untill he shall receive the Orders 
of Council concerning the same. 

The Committee of both Houses appointed to consider & 

report what is necessary to be done for the Defence of the 

eastern Parts of this State beg Leave to make the following 

Report which is submitted 

Sam 1 Adams pr order 

Whereas -it is of the greatest Consequence to this, & the 
other United States to defend the eastern parts of this State 
from the Encroachments & Depredations of an unprovoked, 
but persevering Enemy — 

Therefore Resolved — That Six hundred Men properly 
officered & equiped be immediately raised within the State 
& stationed as follows (Viz 1 ) One hundred Men at Maehias, 
— Two hundred Men at Campden in the County of Lincoln 
Three hundred Men at Falmouth k Cape Elizabeth in the 
County of Cumberland — And that the Commanding officer 
be empowered to raise a Company of Volunteers in the 
County of Lincoln to consist of fifty Men properly officered 
& to be stationed at Campden — 

Resolved, that Thirty Whale Boats be procured — Twenty 
of them to be appropriated for the use of the Troops at 
Campden ; & Ten, for the Troops at Falmouth & Cape 
Elizabeth. — 

Resolved that the commanding officer of the Troops 



i)I' THE STATE OF MAINE 14.°> 

stationed ,ii (';mi]i(lon, he empowered to exercise martial Law 
in the ( lounty of Lincoln, from the Sea ( toasts ten miles back 

& the Island adjacent when lie shall judge the Good of the 

Service and the Safety of the Stale -hall necessarily re- 
quire it 

And also that an Engineer of Experience be immediately 
procured & ordered to Falmouth, to view the Works already 

constructed there *V to lav out such other Works as he may 
•Indue absolutely necessary for its Defence — 

In Council March 18*, 1780 
Read & Sent down 

John Avery I) Sec'y 
Coll Dawes ]\P Rawson ren Titcomb 

In the House of Representatives March 22, 1780 
Read & pass'd as taken into a new draught 
Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 

In Council March 24"' L780 

Read & Concurred as taken into a New Draught a- re- 
ported by the ( 'oiinnitiee of both Houses appoint'd yesterday 

Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery D Secy 

In the House of Representatives March 24, 1780 

Read & concurred with the following amendments viz. 
At D-E- and F insert "from the Line of the Militia 
At C-dcle- Chaplain — 

Dele from G to H ami insert "•shall give orders for that 
purpose accordingly" And the Council are 
Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
Iu Council March 25* 1780 
Read & ( fcmcurred 

Jn° Avery D Secy 



144 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Consented to 

Jer Powell S Adams A Fuller 

W. Sever T Danielson J Simpson 

A. Ward N Gushing Jn° Pitts 

T. Gushing Tim Edwards N Goodman 

D Davis B. White E Cutts 

Waterman Thomas to the General Court. 

To the Honorable Council and the Honorable House of 
Representatives for said State — Memoral of Waterman 
Thomas Humbly Sheweth 

Your Memoralist being Appointed by Brig r Gen 1 Gushing- 
June 26 th 1777 Commissary for the Troops Detached from 
his Brigade in July last, greatest part of said Troops, being 
Supplied with Provision One Month at Cambden, by your 
Memoralist, before our fleet arrived from Boston, also the 
Troops after the Defeat, & Maj r Lithgow Detachment untill 
the 1 st November, and being Supplied by your Hon r with only 
3001 w bread 11786" Rice 2013 w Flower and an Order on 
the Treasury for £4000, at which time I Rec d but about One 
half of the Money which was in Sept r Your Memoralist begs 
leave to Inform your Hon 1 " that he has been Oblidged to Ad- 
vance large sums of Money and Borrow a Quantity of Bread, 
Molasses & Coffee by reason of the extream Scarcity of bread 
in that Quarter in July Last was Obliged to Issue Coffe and 
such Articles as I could obtain by Col M c Cobb Orders, your 
Memoralist haveing Received no Satisfaction for Money Ad- 
vanced, or Articles Supplyed the Troops, and as the Price 
of every Commodity is so much enhanced, your Memoralist 
cannot think of Receiveing, the Nominal Sum, the said 
Articles then went at, as I have been kept out of my Money 
so long though, I have often applyed for the same and great 
part of the Articles, above Mentioned being Borrowed of 



OF Till. STATE "I- MAINE 1 15 

Orphan Children; and the [inhabitants, who have forsakeing 
their homes a1 Penobscut, Fox [sland & Long [sland, Sup- 
plied your Memoralisl with mosl pari of the Beef, for s d 
Troops, being mosl of whal they saved from Ealing into the 
Enemies hand, and being promis* 5 by your Memoralisl to Re- 
ceive, what your Hon' Allowed for the same, theirfore your 
Memoralisl cannol ihink of making up his Account- At the 
Regulated Price in Justice to said Destressed Inhabitants. 
Wherefore your Memoralist Prays your Honour would take 
the Mailer into your Wise Consideration, and Appoint a 
Committee, to Settle with your Memoralist so as to enable 
him to Discharge his Obligations, given on the faith of this 
State with Honour & Justice and as in Duty hound shall ever 

pray &c 

Waterman Thomas 
Boston March 20 th 1780 



Certificate in behalf of William Morgan. 

Navy Board E. D. Boston 20 th March 1780 

This may certify that William Morgan, mariner, served 

on board the Continental Ship Warren Dudley Saltonston 

Esq 1 " Commander on the late expedition to Penobscot 

To all whom it may concern 

W m Vernon for 

the Board 

To the Hon ble Council and House of Representatives 

John Lucas ( !ommissary of Pensions, in behalf of William 

Morgan Mariner Served on hoard the ship Warren Dudley 

Saltonston Commander, and was wounded in his righl Arm 

In the Attack made on the Enemy the 1 ' of Anus' 1 7 7 : ♦ at 

Penobscott by his Certificates — 

John Lucas Com dry 
Boston Mar 21, L780 

10 



146 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Committee of Congress to the Council. 

Philadelphia 20 th March 1780 
Sir 

Since the Receipt of your letter of Feb y 9 th the attention 
of Congress has been so engaged with y e affairs of y e Army 
& Finance as to preclude an oppertunity of making any 
propositions respecting y e Expenditures of y e State in y e 
penobscot Expedition : but We hope this Business will not be 
much longer delayed: The Resolution mentioned in your 
letter would be useful on this occasion, & not being able to 
find it in y e Journals, after y e most careful Examination 
thereof, We are under y e necessity of requesting you to point 
it out- — We are nevertheless convinced of y e Justice of y e 
Claim & shall prefer it to Congress by y e earliest oppertunity, 
being Sir with great Respect 

Your most obed 1 & very hum le servt 

E Gerry 
James Lovell 
S Holten 

Ge° Partridge 
In Council April 8, 1780 

Read & sent down, with Several 

Papers accompanying 

John Avery D Secy. 
Hon a Jeremiah Powell Esq r President of y e Council of 
Mass a Bay 

Resolve of Council. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives March 20, 1780 
On the Petition of Lieu 1 William Albe Praying that he 
Might Receive the Cloathing which he in Justice is Entitled 
To for Reasons Set forth in s d Petition — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



147 



Resolved thai the I 'raver of s d Petition be granted and 
Thai the Board of war be and they are hereby directed To 
Deliver to Lieu 1 William Albe the Same quantity of Cloath- 
ing and on the same terms which the Officers in Col Craffts 
Regi m1 of Aiiilcrv arc Intitled to Receive — 
Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council March iM 1780 

Read & ( 'oncurred 

doh ii A. very D Secy 



( ionsented to — 
Jere Powell 
W. Severs 
A Ward 
T. Cushing 
T. Danielson 
J Fisher 



B White 
O Prescott 
Jn° Pitts 
Sam 1 Edwards 
Sam 1 Niles 
J Simpson 



A Fuller 
EdV Cutts 

Aaron W T ood 
In" Cushing 



Resolve for raising a Number of Men. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives March 21 st 1780 
Whereas it is of the greatest consequence to this cV the 
other United States to defend the eastern parts of this State, 
from the incroachments & Depredations of an unprovoked 
luit persevering Enemy — therefore Resolved that Six hun- 
dred men Non Commissioned Officers included be immediate- 
ly raised in addition to the two Companies already raised 
from the Counties of York & Lincoln to serve in the Eastern 
parts of this State, and to be under the Command of Briga- 
dier General Wad-worth excepting such as shall be ordered 
to Machias those to be under the Command of Col John 
Allan during their Continuance those for the term of eight 
months from the time they shall arrive at the place of their 



148 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Destination unless sooner discharged, in the following man- 
ner Viz 1 That the Brigadier or Commanding Officer of the 
County of York, detach or cause to be detached from the 
Brigade under his Command, Two hundred & sixty Men, 
to he formed into four Company's of sixty five men each, 
with proper Officers D to Command them — That the Briga- 
dier or Command 5 Officer of the County of Cumberland de- 
tach or cause to be detached from the Brigade under his 
Command, two hundred & forty men, to be formed into four 
Companies of sixty men each, with proper Officers E to Com- 
mand them — That the Brigadier or Command 5 Officer of 
the County of Lincoln detach or cause to be detached from 
the Brigade under his Command, one hundred men to be 
formed into two Companies of fifty men each, with proper 
F Officers to Command them — The aforesaid six hundred 
men c to compose One Regiment: The Field Officers 
Chaplain, Adjutant Quartermaster, Surgeon & Surgeons 
Mate, to be appointed by the Hon ble the Maj r Part of the 
Council from the Militia or otherwise — 

Resolved that the aforesaid Brigadiers or Command 5 
Officers of Brigades shall forthwith make said detachments, 
or cause them to be made indiscriminately from the Train 
Band & Alarm List ; and all other male persons above the 
age of sixteen years: excepting ministers of the Gospel, 
Grammar School Masters, Indians jSTigroes & Molattoes, & 
form the Men so detached as aforesaid, and cause them to 
be mustered before some Muster Master, appointed in the 
said Counties and marched without delay by the most Con- 
venient Rout, those raised in the County of York to Fal- 
mouth, those raised in the Counties of Cumberland & Lincoln 
to New Meadows excepting one Company of forty men w th 
proper Commission Officers raised in the County of Cum- 
berland are hereby directed to rendezvous at Falmouth with 
those raised in the County of York — Then to be disposed 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 140 

off in the following manner Viz' one hundred, for Machias, 
Two hundred for Camden— Three hundred to remain at 
Falmouth, Bu1 in case a different disposition &i any time 
shall appear to be more for the advantage & security of the 
Inhabitants in thai Quarter, The Command 8 officer G will 
receive orders from the Hon 1 the Maj r part of the Council 
for said purpose who are hereby requested to give their orders 
accordingly, — They are also H hereby requested to give 
orders to the Board of War to furnish without delay thirty 
whale boats, twenty of them to be appropriated for the Troops 
al Camden and ten for those at Falm also to furnish said 
Troops with such Transports Provisions Stores & Convoys 
as their Honors will judge necessary for the service — Re- 
solved that the Brigadiers aforesaid make returns to the Hon 1 
the Maj r Part of the Council of the men by them respectively 
raised & actually marched, on or before the tenth Day of 
April next — Resolved that there be paid out of the public 
Treas y of this State to the Officers & men who shall perform 
the service prescribed by those Resolves the following sums 
p r Month & one Ration p r Day in full satisfaction therefor 
Viz 1 A Lieu 1 Col 1 one hund d & twenty pounds, Two Majors 
Ninety Pounds each, Lieu 1 & adjutant sixty four pounds, 
Lieu 1 & Quarter Master sixty four pounds — Surgeon seventy 
Pounds — Surgeons Mate fifty five Pounds — Cap 1 seventy 
pounds — Lieut fifty live pounds, Sergeant thirty nine pounds 
— Drum thirty two pounds four shillings Fife thirty two 
pounds four shillings Corporal Thirty two Pounds four shil- 
lings Private thirty one pounds — And that ample encour- 
agemenl may be given to men, charfully v.V speedily to turn 
out on this Occasion it is further losolved that there he paid 
out of the Treas* of this State the sum of thirty pounds, to 
each non Commissioned Officer & private soldier detached & 
mustered as aforesaid, being properly armed and equipped — 
and the Major Part of the Council are hereby requested to 



150 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

draw Warrants on the Treasurer of this State in fav r of the 
muster Masters in the three Eastern Counties for sums of 
money proportionable to the number of men which each of the 
said Counties are directed to furnish pursuant to these Re- 
solves ; And also the further sum of three shillings p r mile from 
such Towns as they shall march from, to the place of their 
destination, and the Selectmen of Such Towns are hereby di- 
rected to pay the same & lay their accounts therefor before 
the Commtt ee on Accounts for Examination & Accruance — 
It is further Resolved that if any person shall be detached 
by his officer for the service aforesaid & shall not within 
twenty four hours after he is so detached, pay a fine of sixty 
pounds to procure some able bodied man in his room properly 
armed & equipped he shall be held as a soldier in said De- 
tachment and treated as such, & the Officer who shall receive 
such fines shall proceed to hire men therewith or detach 
others as the case may be, until he hath Compleated his Quota 
and all Militia Officers, Selectmen or Committees who shall 
receive any fine as afores d are hereby directed to account with 
the Treasurer of the Town or Plantation where they dwell 
for the same within three months from the time he or they 
shall so receive the fine or fines aforesaid — and any Militia 
Officers & where there are no Militia Officers the Selectmen 
of the Town & where there are no Selectmen the Com ttee of 
Correspondence & c are hereby authorized & impowered to 
take up & by Warrant commit to Goal or to convey to the 
said Reg 1 or Corps any Soldier that may be detached as 
aforesaid, & shall either refuse to join said Reg 1 or Desert 
and any Soldier behaving in the manner aforesaid shall be 
held to do a Tour of Duty whenever he may be found, either 
in Guarding in this State, or in the Continental Army, twice 
as long as the time prescribed in the Resolve in consequence 
of which the soldier was drafted — Resolved that where there 
are no Militia Officers the Selectmen & where there are no 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE L51 

Militia Officers or Selectmen; the Committee are impowered 
and directed to do all Duties by this Resolve enjoined upon 
Militia Officers or Selectmen — Resolved that if any person 
shall be detached as aforesaid, shall neglect to procure an 
able bodied man, Armed & equipped in his Stead or pay said 
fine for the space of twenty four hours (unless in the judg- 
ment of the Major pari of the Selectmen of the Town to 
which the person so drafted belongs is not of ability herefor; 
he shall in that case pay such part of said fine as the Select- 
men aforesaid shall determine does not exceed his ability) 
The Clerk of the Comp y to which he belongs or a Constable of 
the Town ship by virtue of a warrant from the Command g 
Officer of such Company proceed to recover said fine, in the 
same manner as Constables are authorized to proceed to re- 
cover taxes of those persons who neglect or refuse to pay the 
same, any law or resolve of this Court to the Contrary not- 
withstanding — T| Resolved that the men who shall be in- 
listed or drafted from the Militia of the several Towns in this 
State by force of the foregoing Resolve shall be held & re- 
turned for the Towns whereof they are Residents, and no 
other & not all contracts bargains & agreements made with 
any person to serve for any other Town than that whereof he 
is a Resident, shall be null and void unless a certificate be 
obtained from the Major part of the Selectmen of such Town, 
i liar their Quota is compleat, in order that from the returns 
made due credit shall be given to such as do comply with 
the regulations aforesaid — Resolved that 1 Brigadier Gen 1 
Wadsworth be and hereby is impowered to execute Martial 
Law in the County of Lincoln from the Sea Coasts ten miles, 
and the Islands Adjacent agreeable to the Utiles >v regulations 
provided for the Government of the American Army — 
provided he shall judge the good of the service »v. the Safety 
of the State shall require the same — 

Resolved that the lion, the Major Part of die Council be 



152 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

requested to procure and order an Engineer of Experience 
immediately to Falmouth to view the Works already con- 
structed there, and to lay out such other works as he may 
judge absolutely necessary for its Defence — Resolved that 
K Brigadier General Wadsworth be & he hereby is impowered 
to raise Comp y of Volunteers in the County of Lincoln if the 
good of the public will appear thereby to be promoted 

In the House of Representatives March 23, 1780 
Ordered that the draught of a Resolve for the defence of 
the Eastern Parts of the State be committed for considera- 
tion to Coll Dawes & Maj r Cross with such as the Hon ble 
Board shall join — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council March 23 d 1780 

Read & Concurred and Artemas Ward Esq is joined 

John Avery D Secy 

The Committee of both Houses appointed as above men- 
tioned have attended the service assigned them & Report the 
Xew Draft herewith exhibited 

Which is Submitted 

Artemas Ward p r Order. 
State of Mass" 9 Bay 

In Council March 24*, 1780 

Ordered — That Artemas Ward and Sam 1 Adams Esq 1 " 8 

be a Committee to confer with such a Committee as the 

Honble House shall appoint Upon the Subject Matter of the 

Resolutions of the General Assembly respecting the Defence 

of the Eastern parts of this State & report — 

Sent down for Concurrence John Avery D Secy. 

In the House of Representatives March 25th 1780 

Read & concurred & Gen Titcomb and Coll Freeman are 
appointed on y e part of y e House for the purpose aforesaid — 

John Hancock Spk r 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 153 

Order of Board of War to Joseph Tngraham. 

War Office, Boston, March 21, 1780 
Cap* Joseph [ngraham 

You being .Master of the Lincoln Galley now loaded will 
embrace the first Wind & proceed to Broad Bay & if on your 
Arrival there you may judge it safe to proceed to S l Georges 
you will go there & deliver your Cargo to the Order of 
Waterman Thomas Esqr taking his Receipt for the same — 
And as Brig 1 Wadsworth goes in the Vessel! with you, he has 
engaged to Load yon hack to Boston with Salt or Wood, you 
will receive iether of those Articles he may Ship on board & 
return to Boston — As Brig 1, Wadsworth will be with you, 
who is well acquainted with the danger of Coasting along 
thai Short', we would recommend, that you take his Advice 
about Proceeding to S l Georges We recommend the greatest 
Vigilance & dispatch, & after wishing you a good Voyage & 
safe return are Yours &c By Order of the Board 

S. P. Savage Pros 1 

I acknowledge the above to be a true Copy of my Orders 

received from the Board of War & promise to govern myself 

accordingly 

p r Jo s Ingraham 



Deposition of JoJin Bahman. 

John Bakman saith that he had bin acquainted with Joseph 
Young a Numbr of Years & has known him Since the dis- 
pute Arose hetween Briton and America to be a Enemy to 
this Countery & woud not Assist in Subduing their Enemy 
for when Calchorn burnt the Houses at Xaskeeg they stud 
down the Neck for Cape Prozua and they thought that they 
were Determined to Land there and Come to our Assistance 
& y e Said Young Absconded *.V wou d not Join y° Party vY. 1 



154 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

am knowing to Young's going to Magerbigwaduce the Sunday 
our army came to Pernopscut as I Suppose to help the Regu- 
lars Build their fort as Nathan Phillips came to the Cape 
that Morning to warn the Inhabitants to work on s d fort & 
I had orders from General Lovell to Inlist Eight of the nigh 
inhabitance to Join the Hospital Guard & I went to said 
Youngs on y e 5 th of August & shew d him ye General's orders 
& Desir d him to Join y e Guard which he Absolutely Refus d 
and I told him that he must do Duty some where or another 
for his Countery & he told me he did not owe the Countery 
so Much Service & I might Get the Men When I Cou d & the 
Cape People if they Join d the Guard were fools & I Suppose 
Discouraged y e Inhabitance as none of them w T ou d Sarve after 
that and I was Oblig d to take men that was agoing to Join 
General Lovell at the Loins to fill my Guard I sent my son 
John Bakman by Doctor Dowmings orders to Buy a Lamb 
for y e Sick & Wounded men that were at my house & he 
Refus d to Let me have one as my son informed me 

John Bakman 

1ST. B. as for his Conduct with Regard to the Britons in 
y e Year 1775 When they Came to Load Wood at the Cape 
I Desire Cap 1 James Curtis may be Summons 3 as a Evidence. 
Cumberland Ss. March y e 21 st 1780 

then the Within Named John Bakman Personally appear d 

and Made Solemn Oath to the truth of the within Deposition 

before me William Sylvester 

Justis Peace 
A True Copy of the Within Deposition 

Attest Anthony Coombs Clerk of ye Comm. 

Deposition of Susanna Bakman. 

Susanna Bakmans Deposition She said he y e said Young 
Refused any Assistance of Supply to her fathers house as an 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 155 

ELospittle and Exclaimed Much against y e American forces 
& adds farther She heard him the said Young Say y e 
Congress arc a Percell of hotheaded fools & Likewise She 
said she hoard him say the Britons must Take all as far as 
Georges or Else they Con' 1 not have the Trade She Said a 
Man came from y e Ship Albany to our house and Call d my 
Brother John a Rebel 1 son of a Bich and said your father 
was nut Like ( lap" Young for when he Cou d not come himself 
to give information against y e Americans he \vou d send his 
Daughter & farther says not — Susanna Bakman 

( lumberland Ss. March y e 21 st 1780 

Then the Abovenamed Susanna Bakman Personally ap- 
pear d and made solemn oath to the Truth of the Above Depo- 
sition before me William Sylvester Just. Peace 
A True Coppy Attest 

Anthony Combs Clark of y e Comm e 



Deposition of Capt. James Curtis. 

Harpswell March 21 st 1780 

The Evidence of Cap 1 James Curtis Reletive to the 
( larector of Cap' Joseph Fonng is as follows viz he says that 
he y e said Fbung wanted to Trade with y e enemy and was 
counted by all y e People around him not friendly to America 
& said he wou d Trad with the Britons I Must What Shall I 
doo says he the knowledge said Curtis had of said Young 
was when he Coniniand'd a Scouting Company in y e Year 
ITT.", and Says farther that S d Young Never appear 11 with 
arms When the other Inhabitants did in favour of his Coun- 
try *;v farther says not. — 



156 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Cumberland Ss. March y e 21 st 1780 

Then Cap 1 James Curtis Personally appear d & made 
solemn Oath to the Truth of the Above Deposition before me 

William Sylvester Just. Peace 
A True Coppy Attest 

Anth Coombs Clark of y e Comm ee 

A Coppy of Toothacker's oath. 

Harpswell March 22 nd 1780 

The Evidence of Nath 11 Toothacker is as follows viz. one 
day Cap 1 Fernham sent his Boat from the Ship Xaughtless 
to Cap 1 Youngs my self for one in the Boat Cap 1 Young Wife 
& Daughter Came on Board the Ship with us and Cap 1 Fern- 
ham asked them Down the Cabin afterwards as the Officers 
was walking the Quarterdeck I heard them Say we Shall 
have a fine Prize for Cap 1 Young has informed Cap 1 Farn- 
ham that Cap 1 Long is Coming up the River Loaded with 
Westindia Goods Cyder, &c, A Privateer was Affixed and 
sent away next morning and Brought her in and along side 
the Ship about 8 o Clock & was Condemned Likewise I Saw 
Cap 1 Young one Lane of Fox Islands & another man Came 
on board & they brought about a bush el & y 2 of Turnups I 
understood them he made a Present of them to the Cap 1 & 
to my knowledge Cap 1 Young has Rec d Presents from s d 
Fernham one Sunday Evening I heard Said Young say he 
had one of Mr. Bakmans Cows in his keeping & one of 
Pirkinses & one of Dices and farther says not 

Nathaniel X Toothacher 
Cumberland Ss. March 22 nd 1780 

then Nath 1 Toothacker Personally & made Solemn Oath 
to the Truth of this Deposition before me 

Will m Sylvester Just. Peace 
A True Coppy Attest Anth Coombs 

Clark of y e Comm ee 



>)V THE STATE OF MAINE 157 

Copy of Sam ltc Smalleys Deposition. 

Harpswell March y 8 22 nd 1780 

Samuel Smalls Declaration is as follows as a States Evi- 
dence Ileitis ;ii ('ape I'i-o/iui in ( ompany wiili the Persona 
Sel forth in the Complaint by Cap 1 Joseph Young againsl 
Cornelius Thompson John Malcum Halson Bishop and one 
Ellil a war fairing man Cap' Voimgs (Question did von know 
said mens Entering my house A. Yes says Small bul in 
Whal Manner I know not being a little in the Rear I went 
not in Imt was Sel a Centery at the door Q did von See any 
Gowns A Yess one Black Gown & 1 or 5 more Q. did yon 
see a Large Bedipiilt About half Worn A. Rather more than 
half worn Q. did You See a Coverlaid A Yess Q did 
you see 2 Bedblankets A. but one Q. did You See any 
Womans Stays A. three Pair Q. did yon See Six Approns 
A. one fine Cloth 2 Check and one Lawn Ditto Q. did Yon 
See any Womans Caps A. Two Q. did you See any fine 
Cloth A. no Q. did you see any fine thread A. Yea 3 or 
4 Skains & a Little Silk Q. did You See any Woman's 
Pocket-book full of Borders of Caps & other things A. Yess 
Q. did You See any Cloth Shoes A. Yess 2 Pair & they 
say there v as an odd one Q. did You See a Pair of Silver 
Shoe-buckels A. Yess a Pair of Odd ones Q. did You Sec 
2 Silver Tea Spoons A. Yess Q. did you see a Stone 
Ping which was Broak A. No Q. did yon see any hand- 
kerchiefs A 5 or (i Q. did You Sec any fans A. Yess 
three Q. did You See any Black Cypress A. Yess i 1 Pair 
Q. did You See any hallon Slippers A Yess one Pair Q. 
did You See a Pair of Cotten Stockins A. Yess Q. did 
You Sec an\ Womans Pockets A Yess one Q. did You 
Sec any Womans Shifts A. Yess one Q did You See any 
Womans Wcscots A. No Q. did You See any Sheets A. 
one Pair Q. did You See any Pillow-Casses A. one Pair 
Q. did You See any Table-Cloths A I ant Certain Q. did 



158 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

You See any thing of a Broad Cloth Wescot A. Yess Q. 
did You See a gray Robin Jackett A Yess Q. did You 
See any thing of 2 Guns A. Yess Q. did You see a Powder 
horn with Powder A Yess Q. did You See any Bullets 
& flints A. no Q. did You See any Tea Cannersters A. 
3 & I believe a Pound & half of Tea Q. did You See a 
Mitten A. Yess Q. did You See any Silver & Gold A. 
Yess 36 Dollors & Some odd Q. did You See a Linnin 
Shirt A. Yes one About half Worn Q. did You See a 
Womans Ridinghood A. Yess Q. did You See a Black 
Silk Cloak and any more A. Yess one Red one & 2 black 
ones Q did You See any Round Womans hats and a bun- 
nett A. Yess 3 hats and a bunnett Q did You See any 
Womans Gloves or Mitts A. 2 Pair of Gloves and one Pair 
mitts Q. did You See any upper Leather A. Yess half a 
Side Q. did You See any Toe & Linnin Cloth A. Yes 
About 2 Yards Q. did You See a Small Box with Small 
Articles A. Yess Q did You See a Surveyors Compass 
A. Yess Q. did You See any thing of a Piece of Sarge A. 
no Q. did You hear any Body Advise to Visit me A. no 
I thing M r Bakman Counted You not friendly Q did Bak- 
man Shear any of the things A. no but the Money Q. did 
You hear Perry say anything Concerning me A. Yes he 
believ d You was not Very friendly to America Q. who 
Stay'd by the Boat A, John Bakman Jun r & Will 111 Thomp- 
son Q. what Part of this Plunder did Joseph Thompson 
Shear A I know not Q. did You hear me Say I wou d 
follow you & if I cou d not Get any Recompense I wou d Tell 
Your Neighbours A. Yess or to that Purpose Q. did the 
Boat Draw a Shear A. one half Q. did You know of their 
Entering Calfs house A. Yess Q. did You bring away a 
Gun & Pistoll A. Yess Q. did You get any Sole leather 
A Some Q did You Get a Pair of Mans Pumps A Yess 
Q. did You bring Away a White Jacket with horn buttens 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE l.V.) 

A. Vcss Q. Who had the Straw colloiir' 1 wescot A. Corne- 
lius Thompson Q did M r Bakman buy a Quarter of a Shear 
of You A Fess and Farther says not p r — 

Samuel Smallev 
Cumberland Ss. March 22 nd 1780 

Then the A.bove named Samuel Small Personally Appear' 1 
and made solemn Oath to the Truth of the Above Deposition 
before me 

William Sylvester Just. Peace 
A True Coppy Attest Anthony Coombs 

< lark of the Comm. 



Deposition of Christian Bakman. 

Harpswell March y e 22 nd 1780 

The Evidence of M rs Bakman is as follows viz. that Joseph 
Young Counted our American forces Robbers thieves & 
Pirots & spent his time with the l>ritish forces before & 
since the Penobscot Siege at the time when Cap 1 James 
Curtis Commanded a Scouting Company in y e Year 1775 
Ephraim Blake & John Corsen Came up & Told me to keep 
up all Night for a Yessell is Coming up the Bay & was a 
going down to get Cap 1 Curtis to Assist them & s d Young 
stop d them & wou d not Let them go Said Youngs brother in 
Law viz Sam 1 Marvel] Told me he Us d to Cary henna & 
Potatoes &c for Said Young on Board the British Vessells 
and he wou d keep Back a Small Sum out of every henn & 
bush' 1 of Petatoes John Gray at another Time Told me when 
a Vessel] was a Coming in Said Young Took his ax & went 
into the woods to Cut something & won' 1 not assist them he 
always said the Congress were a Percell of hotheaded fools 
I have heard him say the People Must Send home & beg the 
Kings .Most Gracious Pardon & Pay for the Tea *.V all the 
Loss that y e British Party Sustained Likewise said Young 



160 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

went with the Britons & drove up our Cattle for Lie 1 Maccey 
a British officer & I Begged him to Leave me a Part of them 
said Young Reply d he wou d not & farther says not 

p r Christian Bakman 
Cumberland Ss. March y e 21 st 1780 

Then Christian Bakman Personally appear d & made solemn 
Oath to the Truth of the Above Deposition before me 

William Sylvister Just Peace 
A True Coppy Attest 

Anthony Coombs Clerk of ye Committee 

Deposition of Robart Gordon. 

Harpswell March ye 22 nd 1780 

The Evidence of Robart Gordon is as follows viz When 
Capt Long Came up the Bay of Penobscut Cap 1 Young Came 
on board the Ship ISTaughtless after having had the Boat Sent 
a Shore with his wife & informed the Cap 1 of the Ship Con- 
cerning Cap 1 Long and they affixed a Yessell out for him & 
Took him I was a Shore when Cap 1 Young was on board & 
the People Told me as aboves d and at another time When 
Cap 1 Young & his wife & Daughter was Coming a Board the 
Ship Naughtless I heard him say When Talking with the 
Cockson of the Boat I hope the Americans wont get the day 
if they doo I dont know what will become of me When Cap 1 
Young came into the Boat he & M r Calf & M r Blake Brought 
with them Turnups Potatoes & fresh meat & farther says not 

Robart -f- Gorden 
Cumberland Ss. March ye 22 nd 1780 

Then the Above named Robert Gorden Personally Ap- 

pear d and Made Solemn Oath to the Truth of the above 

Deposition before me 

William Sylvester Just. Peace 

A True Coppy Attest 

Anth Coombs Clark of y e Comm. 



OF TIIK STATK OF MAI MO 



161 



Tit-solve on Petition of Richard Flagg et als. 

Stutc of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives March 23 1780 

On the Petition of Richard Flagg and other Select Men 
of Ilolden Praying that the s' 1 Town of Holden may be 
Allowed The number of fire Arms Set Against s d Town 
Agreeable To a Resolve of the General Court 1778 for 
Reasons Set forth in s d Petition — 

Resolved that the Prayer of s d Petition be granted and the 
Board of war be and they are hereby Impowered and 
Directed to Deliver to Richard Flagg or his order the dum- 
ber of Fire Arms Set to the Town of Holden he paying the 
Sum of Eighteen Pounds Each for the Same 
Sent up for Concurrence 

John Avery D Secy 
In Council March 23 d 17 SO 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Secy 



Consented to — 
Jere Powell 
W Sever 
A. Ward 
S. Adams 
T. Danielson 



~N. Gushing 
1) Davis 
T. Edwards 
A Fuller 

Sam Niles 



Jn° Pitts 
J Simpson 
JST Goodman 
Josiah Stone 
Edw d Cutts 



fi.c.sol re in Favor of Wm Morgan. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives March 24 th 1780 
On the representation of John Lucas Commissary of 
Pensions in behalf of Win Morgan Marrincr who was 
wounded on board the Continental Ship Warren on the Ex- 
pedition to Penobscot t an on the attack the 1 st of August 



11 



162 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

1779, Whereby he has almost lost the use of his Right 

hand. 

Resolved that the said W m Morgan is intitled to half pay 

as a Sailor to commence from Aug 1 1779 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council March 27 l 1780 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Sec'y 
Consented to — 

Jere Powell B White J Stone 

W Sever D Davis Sam 1 Niles 

A Ward T Danielson Edw d Cutts 

T dishing T. Edwards iSToah Goodman 

S Adams A. Fuller O Prescott 

This may Certify all whom it may Concern That M p 
William Morgan was Impressed on board the Continental 
Ship Warren to go upon the Penobscot Expedition — And 
That on Sunday morning the first of August last he was 
badly wounded in his Right Arm in making an Attack upon 
one of the Enemies Batteries, from which he was carried on 
board the said ship Warren where he had his wounds dressed, 
and remained on board two days, and then he was carried on 
Shore to the Hospital under the care of Doct r Downing 
Witness my hand this 21 st day of February 1780 

Judah Wing Surgeon M r 
of the ship Warren 

Papers respecting a Grant to James Chasey. 

To the Hon ble Council, and House of Representatives of the 
State of Massachusetts Bay — In Gen 1 Court Assembled, at 
Boston — March 24 th 1780 

The Petition of Allex 1 " Campbell Humbly Sheweth — 



OF THE STATE OF MAIM-; L63 

Thai the Ace' of the particulars, herewith Exhibited, was 
Supply 15 Col. Allan, the Winter past By Mess" Parker & 
Chasey, al a time when the Department was in the greatest 
difficulty t.V distress and by which means the Indians have 
been Continued in defence of the County in Col. Allans 
Directions to me he very gratefully acknowledges the favours 
done li i in by said persons and urges that \ might use my 
endeavours thai they might Receive Proper satisfaction for 
their 1 merest In consequence of which Your Petitioner 
humbly 1 'ray's Your Honors, may take the Matter under 
Your wise consideration, & Grant that their acc ts May be 
paid, or otherwise, as Your Honors in Your Wisdom may 
think best, as in Duty bound, Shall Ever Pray 

Alex. Campbell Agent for Col. Allan — 
In Council March 25, 1780 

Read & Sent down with several Accounts Accompanying 
the Same 

John Avery D Secy 

Francis Shan- in Defence of -/ours. 

Gouldsborough 25 March 1780 
May it please Your Honors 

Whereas some Person unknown to us has made Oath be- 
fore your Honors, that He had seen Col Jones of this place 
at Bagaduee and Asserted many Malicious & Wicked Things 
againsl him, the Committee as well in Justice to Col Jones 
Charecter as in Vindictaton of their Conduct, do Assure 
your Honors, that Col Jones has not been Absent from this 
place, (only on two Journeys to Machias and Xarragnagus) 
since the Sixth day of October last, that if your Honors may 
think it Necessary we can produce the Depositions of his 
Neighbours to ( lonfirm the same. We are sorry to think that 
any Person could be so evil Minded as to procure False Evi- 



164 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

denee against Col Jones, in order to make him appear more 
Odious to your Honors as well as the Public — we Flatter 
ourselves, (that as it has ever been our greatest Consern) 
that our Conduct will meet with the approbation of your 
Honors and the Good People of these States & Remain with 
all due Respect, by order and in Behalf of the Committee of 
Gouldsborough 

Your Honor's Most Obed Hum Serv 1 

Fra : Shaw J r 



Letter to Brief Frost. 

Council Chamber March 25, 1780 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

You have Inclosed a number of Resolves Passed this day 

by the General Assembly for the defence of the Eastern Parts 

of this State. You are hereby directed to carry or cause the 

said Resolves to be carried into Execution in all their Parts 

so far as they Relate to you without loss of time of this you 

will not fail, 

By order of the Council 

President 
Brigadier General Frost 



Deposition of Rogers Smith. 

I Rogers Smith of lawful age testify & declare that on the 
twenty first of July 1775 I ree'd orders from Lieut Col 
Harriden to March my company to Long Island to oppose a 
number of British troops who had landed there — I accord- 
ingly marched on the twenty third & on the twenty fourth I 
overtook Col n Cargill at Duck trap & he called the officers 
togeather & concluded as he had not boats sufficient to carry all 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE L65 

the men over to Long Island that it was best for the regi 
incut f belonged to, to return, which we did & on our return 
took a schooner at goose river which was carrying supplies 
to the enemy — I further declare that it appeared to me thai 
John Cargill had a large body of men & His officers said they 
had sufficient for the purpose they were upon as the enemy 
were alarmed of their coming And further saith not 

Rogers Smith 
Lincoln Co Pownalboro' March 27 th 1780 

Personally appeared the above named Rogers .Smith <\: 
made oath that the above deposition by him subscribed was 
true before me 

Tim Langdon Justice of Peace 

Col John Allan s Letter. 

Indian Eastern Department Machias March 27 th 1780 
Sir 

The Bearer Mr James Archibald, who will have the Honor 
of delivering you this, will allso present you with two Orders 
from the Commissary of this department CertifTd By me 
for some Fish and Tobacco, taken from him for the publick 
service. The former was taken a few days ago. As I Coud 
not Subsist without it — The Latter Last Summer — 

I know'd not of any other Channell thro' which 1 coud 
Direct him to receive his pay, wether this is proper or not I 
must pray the favour of the Board to use their Endeavours 
therein, as these Articles were of the utmost Consequence — 

The situation of this department at present for want of 
supplys is Truely precarious and Destressing, and only the 
Devine Disposer of Humane Events Can at this Juncture 
Avert the Impending ruin of this Quarter — 1 Earnestlv 
pray that Every Branch Concern'd in Our Supplys, woud 
Do their Utmost Endeavours to help us — 



1G6 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

The Butter Taken in the Prize Brig, I was in hopes woud 
have been sent for the past fall & other Supplys sent — A 
Quantity Suffic't for the American Army near Two Year — 
But have been Compelled to Exchange it for other Necessarys 
of Life at the Greatest disadvantage, it is now Near Ex- 
hausted. There has not been Ten meals of Bread in my 
Own Quarters this Six Weeks, Oblidged to Scrape Up Every 
thing to keep the Indians But after all our Winter Expence 
will be much more then if we had had Plenty of supplys 
regular — 

I must further request the favour, that Care may be 
taken to Gete good powder, Hitherto it has been of the most 
Inferior Sort — fit for Nothing but to make a report, This 
Article is Perticularly Observed By the Indians, and which 
Give a Bad Character among them — 

My respectable Compliments waits on the Gen 1 of the 
Board I am with all possible respect & Esteem Sir 
Your most obed. very hbl. Serv 1 

J. Allan 



Board of War directed to del r provisio?i$. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber March 28, 1780 
Whereas the General Assembly of this State on the twenty 
fifth day of March Instant passed a Resolve requesting the 
Council to Issue orders to the Board of War to furnish the 
Troops Stationed at Falmouth & Camden with Provisions, 
therefore ordered that the Board of War be & they hereby 
are directed to furnish The Commissary appointed to deliver 
Provisions to the Three hundred men stationed at Falmouth 
& the Two hundred men stationed at Camden by the Resolves 
of the General Assembly of the twenty fifth of March In- 



OF THE STATE OF MAIM-; 107 

Stant; with such Provisions from time to time as the said 

Troops are Entitled to Receive on account of their being in 

the Service & Pay of this State 

Attest John Avery I) Secy. 



Resolve in re Col. Allan. 

The Committee of both houses appointed to take inU Con- 
sideration two letters from John Allan Esq' with the papers 
accompanying — have attended the Service assigned them & 
having duly considered the same, reports the following Re- 
solutions — which are submitted 

W Severford 
State of Massachusetts Bay 

In Council March 28 1780 

Resolved that the -Board of War, he, & hereby are directed 
to procure the Several Articles contained in the Schedule an- 
nexed k send them to Colol Allen at Machias, together with 
such articles as they were directed by a Resolve of the Gen 1 
Assembly of 6 th January last to procure & send to the s d Col. 
Allen, & that they be & hereby are directed to provide a Small 
Vessel, for the transportation of the same to Machias as soon 
as they can be procured. 

Resolved that the sixty men which Col. Allen has Issued 
Orders for raising in Consequence of a Resolve of the Gen'l 
Assembly, the last summer. & whose term of Service expires 
on the first day of May next, be continued in the Service of 
this State until the further order of the Gen 1 Assembly, on 
the same Establishment on which they were raised 

Resolved that Six of the Whaleboats lately ordered to be 
procured for the use of the Troops to be raised & Stationed 
in the Eastern parts of this State — be sent to Col. Allen at 
Machias for the use <>f the Troops Siationed there 



168 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Iii Council March 28 th 1780 
Read & Sent Down 

John Avery D Secy 
In the House of Representatives March 28 1780 
Read & accepted 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock 
In Council March 28 th 1780 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Secy 



Consented to 
Jer Powell 
W. Sever 

A. Ward 
S. Adams 
J. Fisher 

B. White 



D. Davis 

N". Cushing 
T. Danielson 
'N. Goodman 
T. Edwards 
J. Fuller 



Spk r 



J Stone 
Jn° Pitts 
Sam 1 Niles 
0. Prescott 
Tho s Durfee 



Asa Lewis to Board of War. 

North Yarmouth, March 30, 1780 
Gentlemen 

In behalf of the Agent now at Boston I beg leave to in- 
form, That before the Cloathing was Rec d by the agent /it 
being his design to send it by water / Vessels had done pass- 
ing from this place One however, from Falmouth he expected 
to carry the same ; but the Bay freezing up & the Extremity 
of the Season prevented that, Having been long ready to 
embrace the first opportunity, I expect a Vessel in a few 
days to take a Hogshead of Cloathing a few Blankets &c 
/the enclosed Receipt will shew the contents/ which is all, 
notwithstanding the agent has faithfully dispers'd all orders 
respecting Blankets as soon as he Rec d them, that he has 
Rec d in this part of the County except what he has sent The 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE L69 

('loathing collected from the Western part of the county the 

agenl has directed to he sen! out of Falmouth the first oppe- 

t unity. 1 am to desire you to pay the Freight to the Gent. 

that signs the enclosed Receipt And am for the Agenl your 

Honors very Ilnni. Serv. 

Asa Lewis 

Hun. Hoard War 



Petition of Samuel Brown. 

To the Hon ble Council cV house of Representatives of the 
State of Massachusetts Bay, assembled at Boston, 1780 

The Petition of Samuel Brown of Boothbay, County of 
Lincoln humbly Sheweth That your petitioner being 
appointed by order of Brig r Gen 1 Lovil, as purchasing, and 
Issuing commisary to the Troops, in the expedition against 
the Brittish Post at Bagaduce, on the 22 d July Last past in 
consequence of which Your Petitioner has made a purchase 
of near forty thousand weight of beef, and Mutton, agreable 
to the Account, herewith exibited, in live Cattle for the use 
of the State, which beef and mutton, w r hen purchas'd, cost 
under Six Shillings p r pound, Your Petitioner expected to 
have received his money in Octo. last & came to Boston for 
that Purpose, and notwithstanding Your petitioner has 
advanc'd his own money, in part and Still Stands — In- 
debtedj for a great Part of Said Purchase, to different 
persons, and the whole of Said beef deliver'd for the use of 
the State, he has not yet receiv'd any part for his Interest or 
Services, altho at the expence of Several trips To Boston, on 
this Business, had I receiv'd my money when I first apply'd 
when the price of Beef was Six Shillings p r pound, Your 
petitioner's loss might be somewhat Supportable, but accord- 
ing to the present price of every Article of consumption, 
Your Petitioner looses at least three Quarters of Said 



170 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Property, which is Crushing & insupportable, to the great 

Distress of himself and family, wherefore Your Petitioner 

prays Your Honours may take his deplorable Case under 

Your Serious consideration, and grant that he may be paid 

Said money, with such allowances for his losses and Services, 

as may relieve the distresses of Your Petitioner, as his 

Scituation is Such, that in Justice to himself and others, he 

cannot return without it, or otherwise as Your honors in 

Your tender feelings of humanity may think best, as in duty 

bound Shall ever Pray 

Boston, March 31 st 1780 

Sam 1 Brown 



Application to Congress for Reimbursements. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber March 31 1780 
Sir 

In pursuance of a Resolve of Congress of the 13 of May 

1777 this State has supplied Col John Allen the Continental 
Agent for Indian affairs in the Eastern Department, with 
monies & sundry other articles to enable him to Carry on the 
affairs of his agency. The State were so sensible of the 
Importance of this Business in order to Engage the Friend- 
ship of the Indians & prevent their taking a part on the side 
of Great Britain in the Unjust & cruel War against the 
United States, that they have readily supplied him, with 
every thing in their Power, that he stood in need of for this 
Purpose. Inclosed you have the accounts of these supplies 
and as our Treasury is nearly exausted, by the large Ex- 
penditures we have of late been oblidged to make for the 
service of the Common Cause, we are under the necessity 
of making this application & must request that Congress 
would give immediate orders for our reimbursement 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 171 

Letter to Congress (<> the Muss" Delegates. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chambers March 1780 
Gentlemen 

Enclosed you have a letter to Congress together with an 
Account of Sundry advances this State have from time to 
time made to Col -John Allen the Continental Agent we have 
sent the Letter open that you Penn it seal it & deliver it to 
the President of the Congress & we shall depend upon your 
Exertions for obtaining for this State an Immediate reim- 
bursement of these Advances our Treasury is at present very 
l<s\v & we have pressing demands for the money — 



Petition of Col Campbell. 

To the Hon ble the Council and Hon ble House of Representa- 
tives of the State of Massachusetts Bay in General Court 
Assembled at Boston March 1780 
The Petition of Alexander Campbell Humbly Shew, 

That Whereas the Extent & Exposed Situation of the Sixth 
IJegiment of Militia in the County of Lincoln, in which your 
Petitioner has been Honored with a Lieu 1 Colonels Com- 
mission made it necessary for the Security of the Country, 
that every Just i liable Measure should be taken, not only to 
Deter the Enemy, but to Encourage and Enliven the In- 
habitants, against the Threats and Flattery of British Power 
and Pollicy — That your Petitioner has Spent the greatest 
of his Time in this way. and the Actual Service of his Coun- 
try ever since the Commencement of the presenl War. so fax 
as to prevent his pursuing any other kind of Business for 
the Support of a large and Expensive Family, is a Truth 
too well known to every Inhabitant ».V: others acquainted in 
thai Country, 



172 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

That your Petitioner since December 1778 has Acted 
under the Direction and Command of Col John Allen Com- 
manding Officer at Machias and on Actual Duty, as your 
Honors may observe by Col Aliens Returns to the Honorable 
Council. — 

I would beg leave further to Observe to your Honors, that 
from the present unhappy Situation of the Eastern Country 
Necessity has Compelled me to Tarry a much longer time in 
this Town than I expected, which your Honors must be 
Sensible must be Extreamly Expensive — And however un- 
happy your petitioner may be at present in not being fur- 
nished with such Vouchers as your Honors may think 
necessary to determine on these matters, Still your Petitioner 
humbly prays your Honors may Take his Case into your 
wise Consideration, and Grant that he may be made up on 
pay & Ration, on such Establishment and for so long a Time 
as you in your known Wisdom shall think best. 

And your pet r as in duty bound shall ever pray 

Alex 1- Campbell 



The petition of Isaac Sears & P N Smith 

To the Honorable Council & the Honorable House of Repre- 
sentatives of the State of Massachusetts Bay in General 
Court assembled 

Boston March 1780 
Isaac Sears & Paschal Nelson Smith Humbly Shew 

That your Petitioners were one Eighth part Owners of the 
Ship Putnam which was lost at Penobscot last September & 
have made frequent application to the Honorable Board of 
War for the Payment of their dividend of the appraisment 
of said Ship, but that Honorable Board assuring your peti- 
tioners that it was not in their power to make them such 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 173 

payment, your petitioners bave patiently waited and are at 
this day without being satisfied for the same. Your peti- 
tioners supposing it will be inconvenient for the State to pay 
for the loss of all the Shipping that were destroyed at Penob- 
scot, immediately in circulating Money are willing to take 
State Securitys for the small pari they own in the aforesaid 
Ship Putnam, hut they imagine the Honorable Council & 
House of Representatives will think they (Your Petitioners) 
are entitled to State Securitys hearing equal date with the 
appraisment of the Ship, as at that day your Petitioners are 
of opinion that the appraisment was by no means adequate 
to the value of the Ship, & if your Petitioners are obligd 
to sink the depreciation of the Money from that time to the 
Ninety days after the Ship was lost which was some time in 
the Month of November they will be very considerable suf- 
ferers. The Ship Putnam was impress'd into the service by 
reason of her being principally own'd in the State of Con- 
necticut, but your petitioners do not wish to avail themselves 
of any advantage from that Circumstance, as at the time the 
Ship was taken into the Service they were (for the sum II 
part they owned in her) perfectly satisfied Your Petition- 
ers beg your Honors will take the State of their case into 
consideration Ov: grunt them such relief as to you may seem 
meet, & your Petitioners as in Duty bound shall ever pray 
Isaac Sears Paschal N. Smith 



Docf Stevens Petition. 

Boston Mar: 1780 

To the lion 1 ''" ( ouncil >v the House of Representatives 
The Petition of Henry Stephens, humbly sheweth, that 
had the Honour, to Serve, in the Capacity of a Surgeon on 
Board of the Brigantine (Active) on the late Expedition to 



174 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Penobscot, in which unfortunate Event, he was a great suf- 
ferer, by loosing his wearing apparel, to a considerable 
amount, as will appear, by the ace 1 herein exhibited, your 
Petitioner prays, that y r Honours, will take his case into y r 
wise Consideration, & releive him from his perplex d Cir- 
cumstance, by granting him the Value thereof & y r Petitioner 
as in Duty bound shall ever Pray. 

LSD 
one Bed 030 

one Sheet 024 

one Blanket 014 

one Pillow 015 

Two Pillow Chases 010 

Four White Shirts 110 

Two Cheque D° 035 

Six P r of Stockings 060 

one Chest & Lock 015 

Two P r of Breeches 070 

one Hat 080 

Three Stocks 015 

Four Handkerchiefs 020 

one Coat 150 

Three Waistcoats 100 

one Surtout Coat 130 

one P r Boots 080 

Two P r of shoes 020 



978 



Petition of Israel Mead. 

To the Hon ble the Council, and House of Representatives, of 

the State of Mass tts Bay 

The Petition of Israel Mead of Boston Humbly Sheweth. 

That your Petitioner having been appointed Assistant 
Commissary of Issues, Under John Lucas Esq D Commiss 7 
Gen 1 on the Expedition to Penobsco 1 & that your Petitioner 



OF THE BTATE OE MAIM-; 17"> 

bas been on said Expedition, A.nd has Victualed the Troopfi 
which were under the Command of The Eon w B Gen' Lovell 
during the Seige at that Place. And ;ii the time of our Re- 
treat, up Penobscol River, Our Troops were entirely oul of 
Provisions ( ii being their draw 8 Day) Therefore your Peti- 
tioner tho'1 himself hound to do all in his power, to land & 
secure what provisions lie could, before the Vessells thai 
contained them were destroyed, Which he did to the utmost 
of his power, having hut a very small assistance. And did not 
give himself time, even to secure his own Cloaths, except whal 
he then wore. Which loss of ('loathing- to your Petitioner was 
very considerable, who could not replace them with six hun- 
dred pounds, And was not half the loss he there sustained 
He also expended Xinoty Pounds to support himself and 
Assistant in returning from that place — He therefore prays 
for such consideration. As Your Honours in your Wisdom 
shall think proper to grant — And your Petitioner as in duty 
bound Shall pray 

Israel Mead 

Poston March 17*0 

2 Coats 2 Waistcoats ■"> p r Breeches 2 p r Silk Hose 3 
p r Worsted d" -1 p r Thread d° 4, Stocks G, Shirts 4. Handker- 
chiefs 1, Xew Pillow & Case 1. Straw Bed w Ul Bedding 1, 
large chest CQnt 8 Sundry Articles in the Stationary way &e 
with many small matters for the com 1 of the Mess loss at 
Penobscot 



Petition of John Lewis. 

To the Honour 1 ' 1 " Council & The Kon bta House of Represen- 
tatives in General Court Assembled .March. L780 
The Petition of John Lewis Humbly Sheweth. 
That Your Petitioner has a Power of Attorney to Settle 
with the Board of War of this State for & in behalf of Samuel 



176 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Drinkwater, with respect to the Charter party for the Sloop 
Sparrow, her hire & the wages due to the men, of Daniel 
Mitchell for the Sloop Defiance of Robert Johnson for the 
Sloop Britania, of David Drinkwater for the Sloop Fortune, 
which Sloops were lost in the expedition at Penobscot, but 
upon your Petitioner Applying to the Hon ble Board of War 
can get no incouragent of payment & as Several Are con- 
cerned who cannot discharge their Taxes without Some of 
their pay, or being obliged to Sell Some of their Stock, 
Therefor Your Petitioner prays the Hon bl Court would en- 
able & direct the Board of War to pay a part of the money 
due to the Above named men, At least as much as Amounts 
to the hire of the Vessels & the men's Wages, & Your Peti- 
tioner as in Duty bound Shall ever pray 

Jn° Lewis 

Petition of W m Albee. 

To the Honorable the Council & the Honorable the House of 
Representatives of the State of Massachusetts Bay at Boston 
That your Petitioner being Honored with a Lieutenant's 
Commission to the Command of a small Company of Artil- 
lery in the Department at said Machias, since the Year 1777 
a Certificate of which, from the Commanding officer I beg 
leave to Present to your Honors — during which Time, I 
have not Received any Clothing — Wherefore your Petitioner 
Humbly prays your Honors may take his Case into your 
Wise Consideration, and as your Petitioner has been on the 
Continental Establishment agreeable to a Resolve of the 
Honorable Court passed in 1779 Please to Direct that the 
Board of War may furnish your Petitioner with Necessary 
Clothing in proportion to the Time he has served, and your 
Petitioner as in Duty bound shall ever Pray — 

Wm Albee 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 177 

Eesol ve directing the Board of War. 

State of the Massachusetts Bay 

To the IIon bIe the Counsel & House of 
Representatives in General Court Assembled in March 1780 
We the Subscribers humbly shew that this Hon ble Courl 
did in the year 1778 Grant to said State a certain number 
of Fire Arms the X umber to US unknown And the Quota 
belonging to the Town of Holden has not Keen delivered 
though seasonably applyed for as appears below notwith- 
standing We Pray thai the Town of Holden may have their 

quota of said Fire Arms and as in Duty Bound Shall ever 
pray 

Richard Flagg \ 
Moses Smith ) Selectmen 
Sam 1 Thomson ° 

Amos Heywood \ Holden 
John Perry 
X. 15. I the subscriber did apply to the IIon ble Board of 
War of said State for Said Fire Arms — And Said Board 
was so engaged in other Matters they said they could not 
attend to deliver them at that Time 
James Davis 

when apply' 1 ' for one of 
the Selectmen 



Petition of Edward (I row rt iifs. 

To the lion" 1 " the Council and House of Representatives, 

Now Setting at Boston 

The Petition of the Subscribers, Humbly Shews 

That your Petitioners Beg Leave to Represenl to your 

honours, that by a Resolve of the Generel Court of this State 

Passed the Eighth of June. 1779 for Raising a Number of 

Men for Xine Months, to Reinforce the Continental Army. 

12 



178 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and that your Petitioners, Were Chearfully Complying With 
Said Resolve, by Using their Utmost Endeavours to Procure 
Said Men, by Inlistment or Draught and, Should have Soon 
Compleated our Quota of Said men But the Sudden Call 
for Men for Penobscott Drew our Attention that Way in 
Procuring Every Man that Could be Detatcht, or hired for 
that Service. That your Petitioners Supposed your Honours 
Would Excuse Us from any fine for our Deficiency of Said 
Men for Nine Months, as the other two Counties in the 
Province of Main Were, But to our Great Surprize find that 
Your honours are about to fine Us, in the Present Tax bill, 
and being Sensible that we are Not Able to Pay the Present, 
tax Allready Laid on our County and in Case that Said 
fine Should be Added to our apportion of tax Now ordered 
to be Issued it will Greatly Distress your Petitioners as we 
are Now Called Uppon for three hundred and ten men for 
the Defence of y e Eastern Part of this State Which will Cost 
us large Sums of Money to Comply with the Requisition Now 
made which we are Determined Chearfully to Do all in our 
Pow r to Procure Said Men as we are Sensible of the Necessity 
of their being Imediately Raised We therefore humbly Pray 
your honours would take out Distressed Situation into your 
Serious Consideration and Relieve us in the Premises Above 
Said as in Duty Bound Shall Ever Pray 

Edw d Grow Joseph Prime Joshua Bragdon 
Signed for and in Behalf of the County of York 

Pcleg Wadsworth to the Council. 

On Board the Protector Nantaskett Road 

1 April 1780 
Sir, 

I this Moment received by Mr. Woodward an Appoint- 
ment of the Hon ble Board, as Engineer; to lay out & erect 



<iK THE STATE OF MAINE 179 

Works for the Defence of Falmouth &c, with orders to repair 
to thai place withoul Delay. In answer to which I would 
inform your Honour thai i shall chearfully obey the Order 

by embracing the firsl Opportunity to roach that Poet; <.V will 
so far (only) accepl of your Hon™ Appointment as Engineer, 
as to do what lays in my Power in laying out & erecting 
Works there, till Such time as Some other Person can be 
appointed for that Business which I think is highly necessary, 
as it will he impossible for me under the probahle Circum- 
stances of things to give sufficient Attention to that matter 
& I would suggest to your Honour, the propriety of an Engi 
neer's being there by the time that the Troops now waiting 
shall be there ready to execute the Work. I have the Honour 
to be 

Sir Your most obedient & very humble servant 

Peleg Wadsworth 
lion 1 ' 1 " President of ( ouncil 



Order of Council lo procure 30 Whale Boots. 

State of Mass t,s Bay 

Council Chamber April 1 st 1780 

Ordered that the Board of War be & they hereby are 
directed to furnish without Delay, thirty Whale Boats, twen- 
ty of them to he appropriated for the Troops at Camden, and 
Ten, for those at Falmouth ami to forward them to said places 
immediately and deliver them to Joseph Xoyes Esq 1 " Com- 
missary to said Troops at Falmouth, and Waterman Thomas 
Esq 1 " Commissary to said Troops at Camden in the County 
of Lincoln 

True Copy Attest John Avery I) Secy 

By the Commanding Officer of the State Troops in the three 
eastern Counties in the State of Massachusetts Bay — 



180 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

William Lithgow to the Council. 

Georgetown April y e l l 1780 

Whereas I was appointed with four other Justices of the 
County of Lincoln by the Honourable Council in the year 
1770 — to enquire into a Complant Exhibited by John Bake- 
man Esq 1 " against the Inhabitence of Alajebegaduce, Relitive 
to Said Inhabitence being then Enemical to the United States 
of america, as als that said inhabitence traided with the 
British Enemy, and when we the Said Justice ware meat 
at Said place, haveing the high Sheriff with us. we then 
Signified our business to the Inhabitence and notified said 
Batman to give his attendence, as also at the Same time gave 
boath parties orders to Summon their Evidence, — Bakmans 
and his wifes evidence was that about four or five and twenty 
of the Inhabitence of Majibe'duce had made an assalt upon 
him in His house broake his doores — Windows and Som 
trunks and a Cheast and took away som goods & money. So 
far was the whole of Bakmans Evidence the Inhabitence 25 
in nomber whoes names ware mentioned in Bakemans Com- 
plaint. Joseph Young I think was one who is the bearer 
hereof, but upon hearing the Evidence in favour of the ac- 
cused, the most of them cleared themselves of being not 
guilty of the Riot as Bakman had set forth, by proveing that 
they ware at home the whole of the night Bakman was niobed, 
and as M r Bakman could produce no other evidence to Suport 
his Complaint Except himselfe and Wife, and the other evi- 
dence in favour of the Inhabitence being so full in Contradic- 
tion to bakman' evidence which we could not Belie upon, So 
that we Could not forme aney Judgment who it was that 
mobed his house, or who did not, So that boath the Contend- 
ing parties left the matter to us the Justes as Referees, to 
desid the matter betwen then, upon which we awarded that 
as Bakmans house had ben braken and he assalted and lost 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 181 

Sundew goods, we alowcd the Tnhabitenee to make Bakman 
a Suitabe Compensation and obligated them to make him 
whole, as to this Joseph Young and the other [nhabitence 
who ware accused of Trading or Corrasponding with the 
Enemey, there was no Such thing appered to us, hut on the 
Contrary we then looked on them to be frindily to the ameri- 
can Cause, there was a grate dee! of evidence produced Eteli- 
tive to Esq* Bakmans moral Character, Siting forth his be- 
haviour as not very Suitable for a Christien or good majes- 
trate, which I apprehen as uimecessary to Set forth here — 
the Truth of the above I attest according to the best of my 
Recollection William Lithgow 



Resolve on the Petition of Ozias Blanchard & Others. 

In the House of Representatives April 3 d 1780 

on the Petition of Ozias Blanchard & others ordered that 
the Said Ozias Blanchard, Serve Cap 1 Gray with a Copy of 
his petition & this order thereon fourteen days before the 
Second Wednesday of the next Siting of the General Court 
(that he may shew Cause) (if any he has) why the prayer 
thereof should not be granted 
Sent up for Concurrence John Hancock Spk r 

hi Council April 3 d 1780 

Read & Concurred John Avery D Secy 



Petition of James Minott. 

To the Hon bl Council and House of Representatives, for the 
State of Massachusetts Bay. 

The Petition of the Inhabitants of a Plantation Called 



182 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Canibden, on Penobscutt Bay in the County of Lincoln 
Humbly sheweth 

That they are called upon by Thomaston to pay part of a 
Tax sent that Town, being a Small Place next adjoining to 
them — 

That Your Petitioners begg leave to lay before your Hon- 
ours their distrest scituation, which renders them incapeable 
of bearing the burden of a Tax in their Infant State, Being 
a Small Settlement consisting of not more than twenty 
Familys, the Oldest About ten years Standing haveing under- 
gone the Greatest Sufferings from the Enemy by Fire and 
Famine being in a Bay where they have Constantly keep part 
of their Sniping, Since the Warrs first Commenced which has 
cut off all their Trade, by taking the Vessels with their Wood 
&c, which was the Cheif Support, as there is not more then 
three in the place that is Able to raise their Bread the Year 
through, for their Familys. they have also been greatly dis- 
trest by haveing the Enemy so near as Majorbigwaduce, which 
is not more than 15 miles distance and they being the first 
that Opposed them in Swearing the Inhabitants has raised 
their mean resentment so that they have been determined to 
distroy as much as is in their Power — Your Petitioners can- 
not think Your Honours ever meant so Young and distrest a 
Settlement should be tax'd by the next Town as before men- 
tion'd but being by Law Obliged to pay it They humbly pray 
that Your Honours would releave them by takeing off said 
Tax Untill they are able to pay one, as a Demand of it at this 
Unhappy season must Certainly break up the Settlement 
which if now encouraiged may in a few Years healp to de- 
fray the Publick Charge haveing in time past done every- 
thing to Contribute to the good of the States. By repeated- 
ly sending their full Complement of Men into the Warr with 
the greatest dispatch, and every other thing in their Power 



OF THE STATE OF MAIM-; 183 

— Your Honours Granting the request of your Petitioners 

will greatly releave a distrest People, Who will as in Duty 

Bound ever pray By Order of the Inhabitants of Cambden 

-James Minott ( 'lerk 
Cambden April :;", 1780 

State dI' Massachusetts Pay 

I n the House of Representatives June 1 7 v " 
on the Petition of James Minott Clerk of the District <>t' 
Cambden in behalf of Said District praying this Court would 
abate them the Tax Se1 on Said District by the Town of 
Thomaston in the County of Lincoln, and whereas there is 
no Papers nor nothing appears before the Committee only 
the Petition Resolved said Petition should lay on the Table 
till the further order of this Court — 



Report on the Petition from the County of York. 

State Massachusetts Bay 

In house of Representatives Aprill 3 d 1780 

on the Petition from the County of York Praying that 
they be Excused from the fine for their Deficiency of their 
men they were ordered to Raise for !Nine months by a Re- 
solve of the General Court Passed the Eighth of June 1779 
for the Reasons Set forth in said Petition 

Resolved that the Prayer of Said Petition be so far 
Granted that Said fine be Suspended for the Present, and it 
is further Resolved that the Selectmen of the Several Towns 
in Said County be and they hereby are Directed to make 
Return into the Secretaries office on or before the Second 
Wednesday o( the Next Sessions of the Generel Court of the 
X umber of men they have Raised in Compliance with the 
aforesaid Resolve and also their apportion of men they had 
assigned them to Rai e for Penob cott by the Brigadier of 



184 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



said County by order of the Hon ble the Council Passed June 
y e 29 th 1779. also the Number of men they actually had in 
Service by land on Said Expedition 
Sent up for Concurrence 



In Council April 3 d 1780 
Read & Concurred 

John Avery 



John Hancock Spk r 



Consented to 
Jer Powell 
A. Ward 
S. Adams 
Moses Gill 
J. Fisher 



D Secy 



13. White 
T. Danielson 
N. Cushing 
Oliver Prescott 
Tho s Durfee 



J. Edwards 
Jn° Pitts 
A. Fuller 
Sam 1 Niles 
N Goodman 



8. Holt en to the Council. 



Sir 



Philadelphia April 4 th 1780 



I have the honor of enclosing several acts of the General 
Assembly of the state of New Jersey and you will perceive 
they are desirous of an interchange. 

The committee that has under consideration the affair re- 
specting the charges of the Penobscot expedition have not yet 
reported, but when I consider, it is no more than just, that 
y e United States should pay the reasonable expences, I don't 
even doubt, but that Congress will be of the same opinion & 
determine accordingly. 

The business respecting the New Hampshire grants (so 
called) is not to be taken up till nine states are represented 
in Congress, exclusive of the States which are supposed to be 
interested, & it is not my expectation that it will be deter- 
mined upon at present, nor my desire that it shou'd till after 
the war. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE L85 

We have no intelligence from the southern army since 
aboul the firsl of March. 

The Honorable M' Partridge being about taking Leave of 
us in order to return, he will be aide to give the Honorable 
Assembly the host information respecting affairs in Congress. 

I have the Honor to he with the highest respect, Sir, your 

most obedient servant ; 

S. Hoi ton 

The Honorable The President of the Council of .Massa- 
chusetts Bay 



Enoch Ilsley to Board of War. 

Falmouth y e 5 th April 1780 
Gentle" 

Inclos'd is one Receipt for a Baril of Cloathing Containing 
fifteen p r Shose, thirtive shirts, & twenty six p r Stockens, 
Rec d from the select men of Cape Elizabeth for the Con- 
tinental soldiers I am with Due Respects In behalf of John 

Lewis Ks.j r Agent Y r Humb 1 SeiV 

Enoch I Is lev 
The Hon ble Board of Wan- 
Boston 



Resolve Requesting the Council to Issue their Warrants 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In house of Representatives Aprill 5 th 1780 
Resolv d that the Hon ble Council be and hereby are Requested 
to Issue their YYarant on the Rools Exibited by Lieu 1 Thomas 
Abbot for the Service of the Troops that were Detacht from 
Berwick and Lebanon Under the Command of Cap 1 John 
Goodwin mi the Expedition at Penobscotl Payable to Colo 



180 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

Joseph Prime he Giving his Recp* therefore and Stand Ac- 
countable for Said money Untill Said Abbott and men fully 
Comply with a Resolve of this Court making Provision for 
Recovering the fire Arms Deliver* 1 at Penobscott Passed y e 
31 Day of December 1779 any Law or Usage to the Contrary 
Notwithstanding 

Sent up for Concurrence John Hancock Spk r 

In Council April 5, 1780 

Read & Nonconcurred John Avery D Secy 

In Council April 7, 1780 Read again and the Board re- 

consider this Vote of Concurrence passed the 5 th Ins 1 and 
concurr with the Vote of the Hon'ble House 

John Avery D Secy 
Consented to — 

Jer. Powell A. Fuller T Danielson 

A. Ward O Prescott Jn° Pitts 

S. Adams N\ Gushing T Edwards 

Moses Gill Sam 1 Niles B White 

J. Fisher 1ST Goodman Tho s Durfee 



Resolve in Favor of Samuel Brown. 

State of Masachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Apr. 0. 1780 
Whereas Samuel Brown of Boothbay was appointed by Gen 1 
Lovel a Commisary to purchase Cattle for the Use of the 
Army upon the Penobscot Expedition and with his own Prop- 
erty purchased thirty seven Barrels of Beef, more than was 
necessary for the Use of the Army aforesaid; which thirty 
seven Barrels of Beef with Eighteen hundred and fifty five 
pounds of Hides, and two hundred and sixty four pounds 
of Tallow said Brown has delivered to the Commisary Gen- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



1-7 



era] of this State; and it appears thai said Brown in his Set- 
tlement with the Board of War recieved only five Shillings 
j»' pound for the said Beef, Hides and Tallow; which is 
twelve Shillings p r w less than the price of Beef, Hides and 
Tallow was at the Time of the Delivery aforesaid — There- 
fore 

Resolved that the Board of War be, and they hereby are 
directed to allow the said Samuel Brown twelve shillings p r 
pound in addition to the five shillings above mentioned for 
the s' 1 thirty seven Barrels of Beef, Eighteen hundred and 
fifty five pounds of Hides, and two hundred and sixty four 
pound of Tallow, so delivered by him to the Commisary 
General of this State 

Sent up for Concurrence 

In Council April 6. 1780 
Head & Concurred 



John Hancock, Spk r 



Consented to- 
Jer. Powell 
A. Ward 
W. Spooner 
S. Adams 
Jn° Pitts 



J. Fisher 
J Stone 
O Prescott 
N Gushing 
T Danielson 



John Avery D Secy 

Tho 8 Durfee 
X Goodman 
T Edwards 
B White 
Sam 1 Xiles 



Resolve on Petition of Alexander Campbell. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In The House of Representatives April 6 l 1780 
OH the Petition of Alexander Campbell Agent to Col Jn° 
Allen — Praying for allowance for sundry articles Supplied 
Col Allen The Winter Past By M r Stephen Parker & James 
Chasey Therefore Resolved The prayer of Said Petition Be 
So far Granted That There Be paid onto of the Publick 



188 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Treasury of This State To M r Stephen Parker Two Thou- 
sand and Sixty Four Pounds In full of said Parkers Ace 1 
iilso Resolved that there Be paid oute of the puhlick Treasury 
of This State to M r James Chasey the Sum of one Thou- 
sand Eight Hundred and Six pounds In full of Said Chasevs 
Ace 1 the said Sums to be Charg'd to the United States — 
Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council April 6 l 1780 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Secy 
Consented to — 

Jer Powell Moses Gill Sam 1 Xiles 

A. Ward T Danielson T Edwards 

W Spooner O Prescott N Goodman 

S Adams 1ST Cushing A Fuller 

J Fisher Tho s Durfee 

B White Jn° Pitts 



Representation Col A. Cambell 

To the Honorable Council of the State of Massachusetts bay 
The Petition of Alex r Campbell Humbly Sheweth 
That Whereas, by a Resolve of the Great and General 
Assembly of said State Passed in June the twenty Second 
1779, the Bord of War was Directed to Suply the Indian 
Department at Machias With Sundrey Stores And By An- 
other Resolve in January, and also in April 1780 — Neither 
of Which are Xearly Compleated, and a Large Defficency 
still Remains — and by far the Most Capital Articles, Such 
as Molasses, Rice, Bread, flour and Rum &c — your Peti- 
tioner therefore Humbly Prays your Honours may Take the 
matter under your Wise Consideration, (and as only Some 
Bread of Said Articles have been Suply d this Season) your 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE L89 

Honours may Derrecl thai the Bord of War may Compleal 
the Said Resolve and your Petitioner as in Duty Bound 
Shall Ever Pray Alex r Campbell 

Agent For Col° Allen Eastern Indian Department 

Report Committee on Letter Col. Noyes. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

The Committee of both Houses appointed on the Letter of 
Col Noyes of Falmouth of the 17 th ult° Representing the 
Conduct of the Com ttee of Correspondence respecting the 
Sale of Sundry Articles saved out of the Cartel Schooner 
Nancy cast on shore at ('ape Elizabeth Report the Following 
all which is humbly submitted — 

Edw d Cutts pr order 

Petition of W m Albee. 

To the Honb 1 Council, and House of Representatives of the 
Slate of Massachusetts Bay in General Court Assembled — 
William Albee commander of the Artillery at Machias, 
begs leave humbly to represent to Your Honours, that upon 
application, which he some Days Since made to Y our honors 
for Cloa thing — You were pleas'd to pass an order on the 
Board of Warr, to supply him with by which menus your 
Petitioner is deprived of a number of Articles as the order 
of ('loathing for the last Year contains several Articles more 
than the former order, Your Petitioner therefore prays Your 
Honors, would be pleas'd to direct the Board of Warr, to 
deliver him Such articles as are by orders of Courl to be 
deliver'd the presenl Year, to the officers of Corps at present, 
commanded by Col. Revere, Your Petitioner as in Duty 
bound will ever pray \Y m Albee 

Boston April 6 th L780 



190 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Copy Representation to Council. 

To the Hon 1 the Council. 

The Board of War would acquaint your Hon r that agree- 
able to an Order of the whole Court they have shipped a No 
of Articles for Falm and Machias on board three small Ves- 
sels, which are ready for sailing, and wish your Hon rs orders 
whether they shall proceed immediately or wait for Convoy — 

By Order of the Board 

S. P. Savage 
War Office, Boston April 7 th 1780 



Genl. Gushing to the Council. 

Pownalborough April 7 th 1780 
Sir 

Agreeable to your Honors letter of the 26 th of March 
wherein you desired me to let the Council know by the first 
opportunity, the time of my receiving the packet from Coun- 
cil containing the Resolve for raising Men for the defence of 
the Eastern parts of the State. I would Acquaint their 
Honors that I received the same on Saturday last about six- 
o'clock in the afternoon & the next morning fixed off two 
expresses to the several Colonels with my orders for raising 
the men agreeable to the Resolves — & am in hopes of having 
the men ready according to the directions thereof. The other 
men ordered by the Hon. Council to be raised & sent to Cam- 
den by the middle of March I conclude are mostly upon the 
spot — but Gen 1 Wadsworths not arriving by the time ap- 
pointed I believe has delayed the Marching of some — but 
having no returns from the Colonels, am not able at present 
to make return thereof. The militia officers of this County 
have been put to inconceivable trouble & difficulty in pro- 
curing their men when ordered to be detach'd agreeable to 



OF THE STAT i : OF mai.xk 1!) 1 

the militia acl on accounl of the depretiation of the money 

— & if the Fines are not increased in proportion to the 
depretiation it will be in vain to exped a punctual com- 
pliance with ci-ilcrs — when men are wanted on an emer- 
gency — 

I am Sir, Your most <>1>' »v Very II 1 ' 1 " Serv 1 

( !ha 8 Gushing Brig* 
The IIon ble Jeremiah Powell Esq r President of the Hon 1 
Council of the State of Massachusetts Bay — 



Petition of Nathan Jones. 

To the Honorable the Council of the State of the Massa- 
chusetts Bay 

Humbly Shews In New England — 

Nathan Jones of a place called Gouldborough in the Coun- 
ty of Lincoln & State aforesaid — That in the course of the 
past Winter a certain person by the name of Burnam has 
been before your Honorable Board & made Solemn Oath thai 
he Saw your .Memorialist on board a Vessell where lie Burn- 
am was a prisoner at Majabagaduce, That your Memorial- 
ist insulted him in a most cowardly manner by calling him 
Oprobrious Names & fchreatning to tear the Flesh from his 
bones with hot pincers if in his power to do it (or words to 
the same Effect) all which your memorialist avers to be 
Absolutely false, *i- that to his knowledge he never saw any 
such Person, but imagines your Honors have been most 
Wickedly imposed upon by some person or persons enemies 
to your Memorialist, who have Suborned the said Burnam 
to commit Wilful perjury to Answer some self ends, and 
your memorialist would have immediately waited on your 
Honors at Boston but he thinks it unsafe for him to travel 
through the country while his Character lies under such 



192 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Injurious Aspersions which he hopes your Honors will be 
convinced are false when you see the memorial of the Com- 
mittee of Gouldsborough which comes by the same Opp y . 
Therefore your Memorialist Humbly prays that your Honors 
would grant him a free pasport to Appear before your 
Honors at Boston to Answer to any Matters that may be 
Objected Against him, & the same for his return back to his 
Family again Unless your Honors find him guilty of some 

Crime. And your Memorialist as in Duty bound will ever 
pray &c 

Nathan Jones 
Gouldsboro, 8 th April 1780 

In Council May 22 d 1780 

Read & Ordered that the Secretary be & hereby is directed 
to write a Letter to Nathan Jones of Gouldsborough grant- 
ing him Liberty to appear before this Board at Boston and 
to Answer to such Matters as are alledged against him by 
one Burnham agreeable to said Jones Request — 

Attest Jn° Avery D Secy. 



Genl. Wads worth to Genl. Court. 

Falmouth 8 th April 1780 
Sir, 

I would acquaint your Honour that immediately on your 
arival at this Place (which was yesterday) I examined 
into the State & Situation of the Several Fortifications & 
find much Labour necessary to be done, & most of the Can- 
non very bad, if not wholly unserviceable. 

As there are none of the Troops yet ariv'd here which 
have been ordered, nor any Intrenching Tools ; I propose to 
proceed immediately to Cambden, where I learn that about 
one half of the Men that were order'd there last month are 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE L93 

ariv'd & where by pretty good [nformation the Enemy are 
preparing to make an Excursion. 

Have left orders for the Troops that were to rendezvous 
at New Meadows I when rais'd) to proceed directly to Camb- 
den & I mean to return to this Place again in about a wed: 
which will be as soon as there will be any Troops here & 
perhaps sooner than we shall have Tools to work with. 

And I beg heave to suggest the Kxpcdiency of strength- 
ening this port by sending as soon as may be, six eighteen 
pounders & six four pound Field pieces, with their Stores; 
& a ( 'onipanv (or at least, a part of a Company) of the Train. 
I need do1 urge the Necessity of Provisions or Intrenching 
Tools, nor again mention the Necessity of an Kngineer, which 
I hope will be here by the time the Troops arive. 

Our whale Boats likewise will be exceedingly wanted at 
the Eastward. 

I should be glad to be inform'd whether the Men for Ma- 
chias are to go forward by my Direction & in what manner. 

If either a Commissary or Quarter .Master for this Port 
is not yet Appointed I beg heave to recommend to your 
Honour Mr. Stephen Hall of this town, as a very suitable 
person. 

I beg Leave likewise to suggest the Expediency of estab- 
lishing a post to ride from this Town to Boston or to alter 
the Course of the present one as it is possible that a Change 
of Post might not much exceed the Expence of occasional 
Kxpresses. 1 have the honour to he Sir 
5Tour most humble Servant 

Peleg Wadsworth 
Hon 1 ' 1 ' Jeremiah Powell Esq* President 

In the House of Representatives April 20 — 17 s " 

Read vV thereupon Order'd That Genl LoveU and Major 
Cross with such as the IIon We Board shall join be a Com- 

13 



194 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

mittee to consider the same & report what is proper to be 

done thereon 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council April 20 1780 

Read & Concurred and John Pitts Esq 1- is joynd 

S. Adams Secr y 



Order of Council. 

In Congress April 8. 1780 
Upon the application of the state of Massachusetts Bay by 
their Delegates in Congress, representing that the said state 
had incurred a very heavy expense for repelling a late in- 
vasion of Penobscot in the said State by the common enemy 
and requesting that part of the monies raised by the said state 
for the United States might be retained until the accounts of 
the expense aforesaid could be prepared and submitted to the 
consideration of Congress 

Ordered that a Warrant issue on the Treasurer of the State 
of Massachusetts Bay in favour of the said State for two 
Millions of dollars being part of the monies raised by the 
said State for the use of the United States for which sum the 
said State is to be accountable. 

Extract from Minutes 

Chas Thomson Secy 



Resolve of Congress. 

In Congress April 8 th 1780. 
Upon the application of the State of Massachusetts Bay by 
their Delegates in Congress representing that the said State 
had incurred a very heavy expence for repelling a late in- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 1!»."» 

vasion of Penobscol in the Baid State by the common Enemy, 
and requesting thai part of the monies raised by the said 
State for the United States might be retained until the Ac- 
counts of the expence aforesaid could be prepared and sub- 
mitted to the ( 'diisideration of Congress — 

Resolved, That a Warrant issue on the Treasurer of the 
State of Massachusetts bay in favor of the said State for two 
Millions of Dollars, being part of the Monies raised by the 
said State for the use of the United States, for which sum 
the said State is to be Accountable, — 

Resolved, That the Application from the State of Massa- 
chusetts Bay for an expedition to be adopted for dislodging 
the Enemy from Penobscot, with the papers relating thereto, 
be referred to the consideration of the Commander in Chief 
of the Army of these United States; and that Continental 
pay and rations be allowed to any body of Militia not exceed- 
ing eight hundred men which the State of Massachusetts Bay 
may judge necessary to be raised for the defence of the East- 
ern part of that State. — 

Extract from the Minutes 

Cha 8 Thomson Secv 



A el ion of Congress in Furor of Massurhuscfis. 

In Congress April 8 th 1780 
According to order the report of the Committee on the 
motion of the Delegates of Massachusetts Bay was taken 
into consideration And the first paragraph being read Yi/.' 
"That the reasonable expence incurred by any of the States 
during the present War for pay and Subsistence of Militia 
necessarily employed by them for defence against the com- 
mon enemy be credited to such States upon a final adjust- 
ment of their accounts with the United States" — 



196 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

A Motion was made by M r Schuyler seconded by M r Hoi ten 
That the same be postponed, and on the question Shall it be 
postponed, the Yeas & Nays being required by Mr. Jones — 

New Hampshire M r Peabody No M r Folsom ay— D d 
Massachusetts Bay M r Lovell ay M r Holten ay M r 

Partridge ay — Ay 

Rhode Island M r Ellery M r Collins — ay 

Connecticut M r Huntington No M r Sherman no M r 

Elsworth no — no 

New York M r Scot ay M r Schuyler ay — ay 

New Jersey M r Fell no M r Houston no M r Clarke no — no 

Pennsylvania M r Searle no M r Muhlenberg no — no 

Mayland M r Plater ay — X 

Virginia M r Griffin no M r Madison ay — Div d 

North Carolina M r Burke no M r Jones no — no 

South Carolina M r Mathews ay M r Kinlock ay — ay 

So the States were equally divided & the question was lost — 
A Motion was made by M r Partridge Seconded by Mr 
Holten to amend the paragraph by inserting the following 
Words Viz 1 "the State of Massachusetts Bay in endeavor- 
ing to repel an invasion of the Enemy at Penobscot" or after 
the words "incurred by" On which the Yeas and Nays being 
required by M r Partridge — 

New Hampshire M r Peabody no M r Folsom ay — D d 
Massachusetts Bay M r Lovell ay M r Holten ay MT 
Partridge ay — Ay 

Rhode Island M r Ellery no M r Collins no — no 
Connecticut M r Huntington no M r Sherman no M r 
Elsworth no — no 

New York M r Scot no M r Schuyler ay — Div d 

New Jersey M r Fell no M r Houston no M r Clarke no — no 

Pennsylvania M r Muhlenberg no — no 

Virginia M r Griffin no M r Madison no — no 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 197 

Xorlli Carolina M r Burke no M r Jones no — no 
South Carolina M' Mathews no M r Kinloek no — no 

So it, passed in the Negative — 

On the question to agree to the main question, the States 
were equal lv divided and the question was lost. — 

The next paragraph of the report was read Viz 1 

"That upon the Application of the State of Massachusetts 
Hay hv their Delegates in Congress k represent ing that the 
said State had incurred a very heavy Expenee for repelling a 
late invasion of Penobscot in the said State by the common 
Enemy, and requesting thai part of the monies raised by the 
said State for the United States might be retained until the 
Accounts of the Expenee Aforesaid could be prepared and 
Submitted to the Consideration of Congress, be it resolved 

That a Warrant issue on the Treasurer of the State of 
Massachusetts Bay in favor of the said state for two Millions 
of Dollars being part of the Monies raised by the said State 
for the use of the United States, for which Sum the said 
State is to be Accountable. — 

On the question to agree to the order for a Warrant as 
reported 

Resolved in the Affirmative 

On the question to agree to the preamble the Yeas & Nays 
being required by M r Fell. — 

New Hampshire M r Peabody ay — ay 

Massachusetts Bay M r Lovell ay M r Holten ay M r 
Partridge ay — ay 

Rhode Island M r Ellery ay M r Collins ay— ay 

Connecticut M r Huntington ay M r Sherman av M r 
Ellsworth ay — ay 

New York M r Scott ay M r Schuyler ay — av 

New Jersey M r Fell no M r Houston no M r ( 'larke no — no 

Pennsylvania M r Muhlenberg ay — ay 



198 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Virginia M r Griffin ay M r Madison no— D d 
North Carolina M r Burke ay M r Jones ay — ay 
South Carolina M r Mathews no M r Kinlock no — no 
So it was resolved in the affirmative 

Resolved, That the application from the State of Massa- 
chusetts Bay for an Expedition to be adopted for dislodging 
the Enemy from Penobscot with the papers relating thereto 
be referred to the Consideration of the Commander in Chief 
of the Army of these United States, And that continental 
pay and rations be allowed to any body of Militia not exceed- 
ing eight hundred men which the State of Massachusetts Bay 
may Judge necessary to be raised for the defence of the east- 
ern part of that State 

Extract from the Minutes 
Mr Holten Geo Bond Depy Sec y 

The Board of War to furnish provisions for Machias. 

State of Mass tts Bay Council Chamber April 10 th 1780 

Ordered — that the Board of War be and they hereby are 
directed to furnish the Commissary appointed to deliver Pro- 
visions to the One hundred Men stationed at Machias by the 
Resolves of the General Assembly of the twenty fifth of 
March last with such Provisions from Time to Time as the 
said Troops are entitled to receive on Acct. of their being 
in the Service & pay of this State 

Attest John Avery D Secy 

Action on Petition of Josiah Noyes. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives April 11, 1780 
On the petition of Josiah Noyes of Falmouth in the Coun- 
ty of Cumberland, Shewing that the Said Josiah was Col- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 199 

lector for the Province Tax in said Falmouth for y e year 
17<»ft and thai William Tyng late of said Falmouth, now an 
absentee with the Enemy atl Xew York, was then Sheriff of 

said County — That by reason of many obstructions and dif- 
ficulties did not Compleat his Collection till the said Tyng 
had received a Wan-ant, from the Then Treas r for the money, 
whose Severity on y" petit inner was very great, and threatned 
to Commit him, unless he would give him an absolute deed 
of Eighty Acres of land, refusing other Security, which the 
petitioner att that time was obliged to Comply with, but 
promising to reconvey said Land, on y e payment of the money, 
which the petitioner has (Since the departure of said Tyng) 
paid the present Treasurer in full for said Taxes, as will 
appear by the Treas rs receit and also a Memorandum in writ- 
ing under the hand of said Tyng with respect to Reconvening 
said land on payment of said money & the papers accompany- 
ing this petition may fully appear — he prays he may be put 
in full possession of said Land Again or otherways relieved 
as your hon rs see meet for reasons sett forth in said petition — 
Therefore Resolved that the afores d deed of Eighty Acres of 
Land be forever hereafter Null & Void, and the said Xoyes 
be put in full possession of the said Land in fee, the Same 
as if said deed had never been given 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council April 11 th 1780 
Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Secy 
Consented to — 

Jer Powell Moses Gill T Edwards 

A. Ward H Gardner Sam" Xiles 

W Spooner B White X Goodman 

S Adams A Fuller Jn° Pitts 

J Fisher X Danielson 



200 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

M r Noyes is to perform the following, — 

An Order on M r Parry for £114 

A Bill Sale of fish 130 quintals say 60 

To pay Cash 10 

Josiah & Joseph Noyes Note hand 34 218 

A Deed of Eighty acres of Land — an absolute Deed. — 

If Parry does not pay the order in Weeks, and 

Noyes does not pa}' the Note in the same time, or in default 
of either, said Tyng to sell the Land either at private sale 
or Vendue — And Noyes to indemnify Tyng from any 
damage which may accrue by his taking this method to re- 
lease Noyes. — I will be willing to give any Mem that 
the Land shall be reconveyed to Noyes if the sums above men- 
tioned are paid in the time mentioned therein. — 

True Copy of the paper taken from the File in the Secre- 
tarys Office and delivered to Isaac Parsons agreeably to a 
Resolve of the Gen 1 Court of the 29. Jan y 1799 

Attest John Avery D Secy 

To Address the Government of New Hampshire. 

In the House of Representatives April 11 1780 
Order'd that M r Greenleaf & Maj r Cross with such as the 
Hon ble Board shall join be a Committee to consider the pro- 
priety of addressing the Government of New Hampshire on 
the subject of protecting the Eastern Parts of this State & 
requesting their Aid & Assistance therein 
Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council April ll 1 , 1780 

Read & Concurred & Moses Gill Esq 1 " is joined 

John Avery D Sec'y 

The Committee of both Houses to whom was refer'd the 

above order of Court, have attended that Service ask leave 



OF THE ST ATK OF MAIM-. 



201 



to report the annex* drafl of a Letter to the Hon 1 Meshed 

Ware Esq* which is submitted 

Moses Gill pr Ord r 
In Council April 18 th 1780 

Uead iV aeeepted and ordered — Thai the Presidenl of the 
Council be and hereby is requested to sign this Letter in the 
Name and behalf of the General Assembly of this State 
Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery J ) See'y 
In the House of Representatives April 18 — 1780 
Read & concurred 

John Hancock Spk r 
.Moses Gill Jn° Pitts 

B White A Fuller 

J Stone Tho 1 I )urfee 

D Davis Aaron Wood 

O Prescott 



Jer Powell 
A. Ward 
W Spooner 
T Cushing 
H Gardner 



Sir 



State Massachusetts Bay 



The General Assembly of this State taking into Considera- 
tion the grievous hardships to which the Maritime town on 
the Coast have been reduced, from the enemys being Per- 
mitted to hold Possession of their fortress at Penobscut — 
and at the same time reflecting on the great distress now 
suffered by our brethren the inhabitants of the Eastern 
Country; have represented their Sentiments on that Subject 
to Congress with a View to impress the Continent with a Just 
Idea of the importance of that ( on n try to the Kneniy ; and to 
the United States, and of the Necessity of a Vigorous exer- 
tion on the part of the Continent to rescue that port out of 
the hands of the invaders — They have also ordered GOO men 
of the militia of this state under the Command of Brig* 
Wadsworth to be stationed in those parts for its defence — 
This force they are i'arr from thinking adequate to the NTeces- 



202 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

sity of the Case, but it is all that in their Present Circum- 
stances they judge themselves able to spare at this juncture 
for that service. 

The effect of this Scanty provision they should consider 
with regret, did they not reflect that the Spirrit and patriot- 
ism of our Sister State of New hampshire (which is more 
immediately in the Vicinity of this seat of distress) have 
never failed to display itself in the Common Cause whenever 
it has been duly called upon — and that there is good ground 
to believe that her exertions will be ready at this Crisis to 
give Weight to those of this State in the defence of that im- 
portant Part of the Continent, if your Legislature is duly 
apprised of the Occation ■ — I am therefore desired by the 
Assembly of this State to represent this matter to your Gen 1 
Assembly thro' your favor, and to request that they would 
take such Measure as their Circumstances will admitt to aid 
the exertions of this State in defence of the Eastern Country 
Against the attempt of our enemys and if Practable to reduce 
them ; as this will be acknowledged an eminent Service to 
your own State — to this State — and to all America — with 
every Sentiment of respect I have the honor to be in behalf of 
the Gen 1 Assembly 

Sir Your most obed 1 & most humb serv 1 
To 
The Hon Mesheck Ware Esq 1- 

Pres 1 of the Council in the state of Newharnpshire 

Copy forwarded April 20 th 1780 

Application of Joseph Noyes Esq r . 

To the Honorable the Council of the State of Massachusetts 
Bay 

Joseph Noyes of Falmouth in the County of Cumberland 
Comissary to the sea coast men Stationed at Falmouth & Cape 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 203 

Elizabeth pray your Honours to give him a Warrant on the 
Treasurer for Nine thousand Pounds to enable him to pay 
for the Provision &c delivered said men & as in Duty bound 
shall ever pray Joseph Noyes 

Boston April 12 th 1780 

In Council April 12: 1780 

Read & Ordered that a Warrant be drawn on the Treasury 
for £9000 in fav r of Joseph Xoyes ( 'oniissary to tin- Sen ( 'oast 
.Men stationed in Falmouth to enable him to furnish said 
men with Necessaries — he to be Ace 1 for the same 

Attest Jn° Avery D Secy 

Genl. Peleg Wadsworth to the Council. 

Thomaston 12 th April 1780 
Sir 

hi my Letter to your Honour of the eighth Inst: from 
Falmouth I endeavoured to represent the situation of that 
Post & suggested several things necessary to be done in order 
for its Defence; together with my reasons for making so short 
a stay there & proceeding to the eastward. 

I would now acquaint your Honour that I ariv'd at this 
Place yesterday in the Afternoon, in Lincoln Galley, con- 
voy'd by the Protector, which ship left us the preceeding 
Evening just without the mouth S l Georges with design to 
Cruise oft" the Mouth of Penobscott Sound the next Morning. 
Having given Direction for the Disposition of the Stores, I 
proceeded to Cambden the same Evening : where I found the 
Company that was ordered there, from this County, the last 
Month, almost complete; commanded by a very worthy Ofti- 
i (!•. ( 'ap c Blunt vV. where I received the agreable Inteligence 
that a Ship that aiternoon had pursued up Penobscott Sound 
»V. taken in Sight of the Enemy, a Sloop; which, beyond a 
Doubt, were the Protector & a Cruiser from Bagaduce. 



204 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Three Days Since two ships went in to the Enemy Sup- 
pos'd to be one the Nautilus, returned from Hallifax, the 
other, it is not known whether she was a Ship of War, or one 
that was expected for Lumber previous to this Arival there 
was only the Albany with three or four Smaller Cruisers in 
that Port. 

The Enemys Garrison does not exceed five hundred Land 
Forces exclusive of about forty Tories that have join'd them 
this Spring Chiefly from this Town & Waldoboro. 

There is frequent & fresh Inteligence from the Enemy by 
means of the Intercourse kept up by many of the Inhabitants : 
to prevent which, to punish flagrant Offenders & to quiet the 
Fears, the Dissentions & Annimosities of the People, I earn- 
estly wish for the Arival of the Troops & Boats allotted ; & 
for the Execution of which, may God Almighty grant 
Wisdom ! 

The Inhabitants have been & still are in great Tremor 
from the Threats of the Enemy with their Tories & Indians. 

There has lately been down to Bagaduce by way of Penob- 
scott River, five Canadian & Mohawk Indians, with one 
Loanear, a French Canadian Officer, accompanied with two 
Penobscotts on their return back up the river they reported 
that there was then two hundred & fifty Canadian & Mohawk 
Indians at one of the Indian Towns up Penobscott River, but 
this report was probably fram'd at Bagaduce, as it was not 
mention'd when they went down the River. I expect further 
Inteligence soon. 

There has been four small Cruisers from Bagaduce lately 
on this coast, two of which, a Brigg & a Sloop, were into 
the mouth of S l Georges River about a Fortunight ago waiting 
for the Stores then expected, but landed none of their men. 

I have not yet proclaim'd the Martial Law, nor does it 
seem expedient; till the arival of the Troops & Boats, least 



OF THE STATE OF .maim-: 205 

the Game should be started before we are ready for the 
Chase. The Company order'd for Cambden on the fifteenth 
of March from y e County of York, are no1 ye1 ariv'd except 
four men only; & ii is reported thai they are no1 yel rais'd 
there is not any of the lasl Detaehmenl ye1 ariv'd in Camp. 

by Reports thai prevail from the Enemy, this Coasl is 
threatened with an Invasion from Baggaduce; & Falmouth 
is to be taken Possession of by a Force from New Fork. I 
think the Invasion is not in their Tower, with their presenl 
Forces, especially as thai Part of their Plan which depended 
on their Cruisers is some what justice! by the Protector & I 
trust will still be prevented by a Succession of other of our 
Arnfd Vessels which it will he necessary to send frequently 
on this Coast, & by the expected Arival of our Forces. 

As soon as Matters are put into the best Train possible at 
present, I propose to proceed directly to Falmouth where I 
hope to find the men, provision & Entrenching Tools, which 
are necessary, before any thing can lie done for the Defence 
of that Place. 

I hope in my next to give your honour a more concise & 
satisfactory account of things, than is here contain'd, & musl 
plead the want of time in excuse for my Prolixity. In the 
mean time, I have the honour to be Sir with greal respect 

Your honours most obedient & humble servant 

Peleg Wadsworth 
Hon bl ° Jeremiah Powell Esq r 
President of < ouncil 

Poscript; L3 April 17-" 

I have just now received [nteligence of the arival of a 
reinforcement al Bagaduce of 200 Men from Ilallifax last 
Saturday, with the Return of the Nautilus & a 20 Gun Ship; 
this leads me to think that there is no more Force expected 
from that Quarter this Spring. 

Yesterday in the afternoon there were three >hips seen in 



206 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Chase of the Protector & her Prize: she out sailed her 

Pursuers, but was oblig'd frequently to heave too; for her 

Prize towards Evening, one of the three was seen returning 

& this morning, another. 

I should think it highly expedient, should any of the Tories 

from these Parts be brot into Boston, Prisoners, by our 

Cruisers, that they should be detain'd & not given up in 

Exchange 

Peleg Wadsworth 
In Council April 22 d 1780 

Read and committed to the Committee appointed to con- 

ier the It 

8 th Instant 



sider the letter from Brigadier General Wadsworth of the 



Sent down for Concurrence 

Sam 1 Adams Sec 5 ' 

In the House of Representatives April 22 1780 

Read & Concurred 

John Hancock Spk r 



Resolve on Accounts of William Lithgow. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives April y e 12, 1780 
On the Accounts of William Lithgow Treasiirer of the 
County of Lincoln 

Whereas it appears upon Examination of the County 
Treasurers accounts for the County of Lincoln that all the 
Moneys granted and allowed by the General Sessions of the 
Peace for Said County from June 1777 to June 1779 were 
for such purposes and appropriation as the Law impowered 
the said Court to Grant, and the Ballance due to said Treas- 
urer being the sum of Eighteen Shillings and Nine pence, 
he the said Treasurer to account for the out Standing debts 
amounting to the Sum of Thirty Eight Pounds & Eleven 



OF THE STATE OF MAIM: 



207 



Shillings — Therefore Resolved that the Said accounts be 
Allowed 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk" 
In Council April 12 ,h 1780 

Read & ( (incurred 

John Avery D Secy 
Consented to — 

Jer. Powell T Danielsou Sum 1 N"iles 

A. Ward J Fisher \ <! Iman 

W Spooner B White T Edwards 

S Adams Jn° Pitts N Cushing 

Moses Gill H Gardner Aaron Wood 



Letter of George Stillman. 

To the Respectable Committee for Settling Col" Campbells 
Business 

Gentlemen — having had the honour of a Commission In 
the Service at Machias Since June 1777, am well Knowing 
that Col Campbell has Been Continually Called on, not only 
by Col Foster of the Militia, But by Col° Allan Command- 
ing Officer at Machias, as set forth in his Petition to the 
honourable Court, and since June last his whole time has 
been Iniploved in the publick Service, which has been of 
Greal advantage In the Country, as the Militia are so 
Scatered & exposed. 

I Beg leave to offer as my oppinion that it was absolutely 
necessary for some Officer of Rank and Carracter, to execute 
that office, which Col Campbell has done Much to the Satis- 
faction of the people. 

I am Gentlemen with Respect and esteem your most 

Obedient Humble Servent 

(i" Stillman 
Boston 12 th April 1780 



208 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

The Council to Col. Allen. 

Council Chamber April 13, 1780 
State of Massachusetts 

Sir 

Your letters of the third & fifth of march last came safe 
to hand, and were immediately laid before the General As- 
sembly, who have taken such order thereon as appeared to 
them necessary to render your situation easy & happy, and 
be assured the council will at all times pay every attention 
in their power to render your Post safe and secure. A 
quantity of Stores is ordered to you, which the Council hope 
will get safe to hand, & to your satisfaction. 

The Council are extremely sorry that you have been called 

to such great sufferings as appears by your letters, you have 

been made to endure. They highly approve of the Spirit 

and fortitude with which you have born these hardships and 

hope you will still persevere 

Prest. 
Col Jn° Allen — 

Resignation of Capt John Gray 

North Yarmouth April 13. 1780 
Sir, 

Permit me, by your favour, to make a Resignation to the 

Honorable Council, of the Commission I have had the honor 

to hold of Captain of the first Company of Militia in this 

town — I beg the Honorable Board would not conster this 

Step in my conduct as a retreat from the line of Duty, in 

this day of publick Difficulty — much less, as proceeding 

from a want of due Regard to the glorious Cause in which 

we are ingaged. A disunion in the Company I have had the 

Honor to command, occasioned, in part, by a disaffection 

to me, has rendered it incompatable with a proper concern 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 209 

for my own personal honor, or the best Interest of the Com- 
munity, to hold my Posl any Longer. — That the Honorable 
Board may be directed to the appointment of a person that 
may give more general Satisfaction and fill the Post with 
greater advantage to the publick Service are the Wishes with 
which I have the honor to subscribe 

Your Honors most obedient and very humble Serv 1 

John Gray 
The Hon bl President Powell 

In Council May L3 tt 1780 

Read & Ordered that the Resignation of Capt John 
Gray of the first Company in the Second Regiment of 
Militia in the County of Cumberland be & hereby is ac- 
cepted & Ordered that Col Jon a Mitchel of the Second Regi- 
ment of Militia in s d County be & hereby is directed to cause 
the first Company in s d Regiment together with the alarm 
list within the limit of the same to meet together & make 
Choice of a Captain in the Room of Capt John Gray, who 
has leave from this Hoard to resign his Commission — And 
to till up such Vacancies as shall arise from said Resigna- 
tion — And he is further requir'd to see that the Choice is 
made according to the Directions of the Militia Law, A: duly 
certified to the Sec'y of this State 

Attest Jn° Avery D Secy — 

Col I. Mitchell to the Council. 

To (he Hon" 1 " the Council of the .Massachusetts Bay 

May it please your Honors On repeated application from 
Capt. John Gray, and in Consideration of an Uneasiness in 
the first Company in this town, occasioned in Part, by his 
holding the Command, I beg leave to inform your Honors 
that I do consent to his resigning his Commission of Capt. 
of the s d first Company, in hopes a Man may be appointed to 

14 



210 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

s d Command, that may give more satisfaction in the Com- 
pany, & so be more for the publick Service — 

I have the Honor to be your Honors most obedient & very 

Humble Serv* 

J. Mitchell [• Col° 

N. Yarmouth April 13, 1780. 



Order for Court Martial in Case of Col. Revere. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber, Boston April 13 th 1780 

Ordered That there be & hereby is appointed a General 
Court Martial for the Tryal of Lieu 1 Col° Paul Revere of 
the Corps of Artillery belonging to this State, touching his 
Behaviour as an Officer when, retreating from Majorbigwa- 
duce particularly 

Court Martial to sit on Tuesday the Eighteenth day of 
April curr 1 nine °Clock A M at the County Court House in 

Boston 

Colonel Edward Proctor President 
Capt s 

EliasParkman JohnKneeland Israel Loring 

Caleb Champney John Gill Joshua Farrington 

David Bell John Stutson Joseph Pratt 

Levi Jennings John Newell 

Members William Tudor Esq 1 " 

Judge Advocate 

and Colonel Edward Procter is hereby directed to Sum- 
mon the Several Members above mentioned to attend at time 
and place, and for the purpose aforesaid, and in case any 
of the before mentioned Members thro' sickness, or any other 
substantial Occasion shall not be able to attend, the said 
Tryal, the said Col Procter is further directed to Summon 
other Captains from the Neighbouring Militia Regiment, 



OF THE STATE OF MAIM. 211 

forthwith to attend said Tryal as Members in their room. 
And to summon the said Lieu 1 Col° Paul Revere to attend 
upon his Defence a1 time and place aforesaid, by serving 
him immediately on Receipt hereof with a Copy of this 
Order and the Charge against him herewith inclosed. — And 
the said Court Martial are hereby directed to Summon such 
Witnesses as may be necessary to Examine, in the Course of 
the said Tryal, and when they shall have finished said Tryal 
to return a Copy of their proceedings and Judgement to the 
Council of this State with their reasonable Account of 
Attendance for Allowance and Payment 

John Avery D Secy 

J a 8 Avery to President of Council. 
Sir 

I wou'd inform the Hon'ble Board that the Arm'd 
Schooner Neashquowoite, of TO Tons Carrying 8 Carrage 
Guns & 8 Swivels, belonging to the Public, is now T laying at 
Machias Quite Useless for want of a few Xecessary to fit her 
for Sea — she is a good Strong Vessell & pierced for Ten 
Guns — 

If the Honoble Board shoud think proper to send Down 
one barrell of Pitch & One barrell of Tar, it would put her 
in a Situation to Come to this place, when their Honors might 
fix & Employ her as they might think proper 

I have the Honor to be With the greatest respect Sir your 
most Hble S l 

Boston Apr. 5 th 1780 Ja s Avery 

The Honble Pres of Council 
Council Chamber Sep' 7 l — 1780 

Head and Ordered — that Jabez Fisher and John Pitts 
Esq r be a Committee to consider this Petition & to report 
what may be proper to be done thereon 

John Avery D Secy 



212 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Warrant Issued to Sheriff of Lincoln County. 

[Seal] Lincoln Ss to the Sheriff of the County of Lincoln 
or Either of the Constabels of the town of Bristol and to the 
keeper of the goal in Pownalbory in the County of Lincoln 
Belonging to the States of the Massachusetts Bay greeting 
whereas Nathaniel Palmer of Bristol in the County of Lin- 
clon gentlmen Being Brought Before me alexander Nickals 
Esqr one of the Justices of the Peace for Said County By 
Vertue of a Warrent Issued By me upon the Complaint of 
william McClaim thomas martin two of the Committee of 
the town of Bristol in Said County sumons for his the Said 
Nathaniel Palmer Refuseing to take the oath of fidility or 
the oath of affirmation being Requested By me to do the 
Same these are therefore in the Xame of the government and 
Peopel of the States above mentioned to Charge and Com- 
mand you to take the Body of the Said Nathaniel Palmer 
and Convay him to the County goal in Pownalbory affore- 
said and the keeper of the Said goal is hereby Commanded 
to Receive into the Said goal the Body of the Said Nathaniel 
Palmer and him Safely keepe untill he is acted against as the 
Law directs and Not depart without Licence given under 
my hand and Seal at Bristol this twenty Eight day of March 

Anno Dominy 1780 

Alexander Nickals 

A true Coppy pr Jacob Eaton Constable 



Petition of Joseph Young. 

To the Honorable Council and House of Representatives the 
humble pertition of Joseph Young of a place called Cap- 
erozua neigh majerbigwadue in the County of Lincoln & 
State of the Massechusets bay in newengland: Humbly 
Sheweth that as your pertitioner haveing his House broken 



OF THE STATE OF MAIM'. 213 

open the Neighl following the 22 d of fehruary last past by 
one Cornel us tomson and others who Came about 12 oclock 
at night & broak and entred your pertisioners bouse at S l 
Caperozua and brouk Seven Locks after their Entrey took 
and Carried oft allmosl all your pertisioners Bead furniture 
table furneture with allmost all your pertisioners wives & 
duhters wareing appearel and Struck your pertisioners wife 
with a sword whereby Shoe greatly Dispared of her life & 
Carried your pertisioner ahout 2 mills on penobseut hay and 
theire left him on the Tse whereby your pertisioner nerrily 
Escaped being Drounded ou his Returne to his family and 
your pertisioner maid aplication to the Committee of harp- 
swell who after hereing your pertisioners Complaint together 
with the Avedence Directed your pertisioner to your Honours 
and your Pertisioner Humbly begs your Honours would 
graciously be pleased to look upon him In his Distress and 
grant him such Relefe as your Honours thinks may be for the 
publicks best good and the Relefe of your pertisioners distrest 
family & your pertisioner as in duty bound shall Ever pray 
Joseph Young Boston Apriel the 13 th 1780 

In the House of Representatives April 22 d 1780 Order'd 
That Capt Bayley M r Davis of Dudley & Capt Clark with 
such as the Hon bl Board shall join be a Committee to consider 
the same & report what is proper to be done thereon 

Sent up for Concurrence John Hancock Spk r 

In Council April 22 d 1780 Read & Concurred and Benjamin 
White and Noah Goodman Esq rs are joined 

S Adams Secr y 



Resolve of General Coin/. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives April 13, 1780 
On the petition of Lieu' William Albee Commander of the 



214 DOCUMENTAET HISTORY 

Artilery att Machias, shewing that some days Since, The 

Hon rd Court were pleas d to pass an order on the board of 

Warr, to supply him with Cloathing on the same terms which 

the officers of Col Crafts Reg 1 are intituled to receive, and as 

Col Crafts has been diseharg d about a year, the petitioner is 

deprived drawing any Cloathing Longer than while Col 

Crafts had the Command — he prays that he may be allow d 

to receive, the Cloathing he is in Justice intituled to On the 

Same Terms as the officers of Artilery under Col Revere 

Therefore Resolved that the Board of Warr be & hereby 

are directed to deliver to Said W m Albee the Same Quantity 

of Cloathing & on the Same Terms, as the officers of Artilery 

of the same Rank are intituled to receive who are under the 

Command of Col Revere with what he has already receiv d 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spkr 
In Council April 13 th 1780 

Read & Concurred John Avery D Secy 

Consented to — 

Jer. Powell Moses Gill X Goodman 

A. Ward H Gardner Sam 1 Xiles 

W Spooner T Danielson B White 

S Adams Jn° Pitts JST Gushing 

J Fisher T Edwards Aaron Wood 

Representation of John Lucas in behalf of Eben r Perkins. 

Gentlemen 

Please to Inform me wether the barer Ebnez 1- Perkins, was 
a marine on board the Ship Warren, at the Time he rec d a 
wound as your Certificate is all I can found a Representa- 
tion on in his Favor — I am your Hum 1 Sert 

John Lucas Com sy of Pensioners 
April 12, 1780 

To the Hon ble President of y e ISTavey board at Boston 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 215 

This may Certefie that the within named Eben r Perkins 
Servd as a Marine on board Ship Warren Dudly Saltonstal 
Comm 1 " upon the Exped D Againsl Penobscot as appears by 
the Warrens Books W" Vernon for the Board 

Boston Ap 1 13, 1780 Xaw Board E. Dep 1 

This may Certifie thai Ebenezer Perkins a Marine on 
Board The Continental Frigate Warren was Badly wounded 
by a Ball that Passed into his Breast & out throug part of 
his Shoulder and arm, by which he has Lost the Use of his 
Arm at Present Jos Gardner 

Boston Ap 13 1780 

To the Hon ble Council of House of representatives 

John Lucas Com sry of Pensions in behalf of Ebnez r Per- 
kins a Marine on board the Continental Ship Warren Dudly 
Saltonsal Comm dr and was wounded by a ball that past 
through him, by w ch he has lost the use of his left arm, as 
Appears, by his Certificates 

John Lucas Com sry Pensioners 
Pension office 13 th April 1780 



Letter to Council Enclosing Act of Congress. 

Philadelphia April 14, 1780 
Sir 

By the enclosed Act of Congress of the 8" 1 Instant you 
will observe that upon a Representation of the Delegates 
from Massachusetts Bay of the great Expence incurred by 
that State in endeavouring to repel a late Invasion of the 
Enemy at Penobscot, they have ordered a Warrant in favor 
of the State on their Treasurer for two Millions of Dollars. 

Congress you will also observe have referred the Considera- 
tion of the Propriety of an Expedition against Penobscot to 



216 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Commander in Chief, at the same time allowing Con- 
tinental Pay and Rations to a limited dumber of Militia for 
the Defense of the Eastern Part of Massachusetts Bay 

The Warrant above mentioned for two Millions of Dollars 
will be forwarded by the Delegates from the State of Massa- 
chusetts. 

I have the honour to be with great Respect Sir 

your most obed 1 hble servant 

Sam. Huntington President 
In Council April 29 l 1780 

Read & Sent down John Avery D See'y. 

The Hon bIe The President of the Council of Massachusetts 

Bay. 

Resolve of Council. 

State Mass tts Bay 

In the House of Repre 8 April 14, 1780 

On the Representation of John Lucas Commissary of 
Continental Pensioners, in behalf of Ebenezer Perkins a 
Mariner on board the Continental Ship Warren, Dudly 
Saltinsoll Comman 1 *, and was wounded by a Ball that passed 
through him, by which, he has lost the use of his left arm 
&c — Therefore 

Resolv'd that the said Ebenezer Perkins is Intitled to half 
pay to Commence from y e first Decem r 1779 
Sent up for Concurrence John Hancock Spkr 

In Council April 14 l 1780 Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Secy 
Consented to — 

Jer. Powell Moses Gill X Cushing 

A. Ward H Gardner J Edwards 

W Spooner T Danielson Aaron Wood 

S Adams B White H Gardner 

J Fisher N Goodman Jn° Pitts 



OF THE STAT I : OF MAINE 217 

Peleg Wadswortha Letter. 

S* Georges l.V" April 1780 
Sir 

I have, according to agreement, freighted the Lincoln 
Galley back with salt, & consign' it to Mr Nathan Spear jr. ; 
Who will deliver the tenth Part, for Freight, if it is insisted 
upon but as that is double to the usual Freighl & as the Ves- 
sell would otherwise have return'd with Wood, the Vessells 
part of which, would have been, at the Extent, not more than 
seven or eight Cords; I flatter myself thai the hon bIe Board, 
on further consideration will not insist on having more for 
the Freight up, than will purchase the Same Quantity of 
Wood in Boston, without any Bisque at all Should that he 
the Case I should be much obliged, & have directed Mr Spear 
to procure the Wood or Pay the Money, otherwise to deliver 
one tenth part of the Salt, 

I remain Sir your most obedient & very humble Serv 1 

Peleg Wadsworth 
Sain 1 Phillips Savage Esq r President of the Board War 



Resolve in Favor of George Stillman. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives April 15 1780 

The Committee to whom was Referr d the petition of 
George Stillman of Machias, wherein he prays for allowance 
for Sundry Articles Supply* 1 the Troops of the Eastern De- 
partment by ord r of Col° Jn° Allyn, The Com tee have 
attended that Service Examin d the Acc t8 & the Certificate 
accompanying s d Petition, and are of Opinion the ace 1 Ex- 
hibited by the petitioner is Justly Due — 

Therefore Resolved that their be allow' 1 & paid out of the 
publiek Treasury to George Stillman the Sum of two thou- 



218 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



sand One hundred Ninety five pound 8 & four pence the full 
of this ace 1 & that the Same be Charg d to the United States 
Read & Accepted 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council April 15, 1780 
Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Secy 
Warrant drawn this Day 
Consented to 

Jer. Powell H Gardner Tho 8 Durfee 

A Ward Moses Gill N" Goodman 

W Spooner B White Jn° Pitts 

Sam 1 Adams T Edwards Aaron Wood 

N dishing T Danielson A Fuller 



Edward Procter's application. 

To the hon ble Council of Massachusetts State 

Boston April 15 th 1780 

The petition of Edward Procter humbly Sheweth — That 
being Appointed by your honors to sit as president at a Court 
Martial on the Trial of Lt. Col 1 Paul Reveir, begs leave to 
decline that Service: not only on Account of the intimacy 
that has long subsisted between us, but as Col Reveir is an 
Officer of the Train of Artillery: I cannot think my Self a 
competent Judge, (it being out of my line) of an Artillery 
Officer's Duty so as to Sit upon so important a Trial — for 
these & many other Reasons that might be Offer'd — your 
Petitioner has no doubt y r honor's will excuse him from the 
Above mentioned Service Edward Procter 

In Council April 17 1 ' 1780 

Read & Ordered — That the Prayer of the Petition of 
Col Edward Procter be and hereby is not granted 

Jn° Avery D Secy 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 2 1!) 

Resolve entitling Philip Audhurt to half pay. 

Commonwealth of Masachusets 

In the House of Representatives Apriel 17: 1780 

On the Represintation of John Lucas Commasary of Pen- 
sioners in behalf of Phillip Audebert a meren on bord the 
Armed Brg 1 Hazard of this Commonwelth was wounded 
1 7"' of July 1779 as Appears by his Certificate 

Resolved that the said Phillip Audbut is intitled to one 
half his pay as a merean to Commence from his discharge 
which was the 14 of August 1779 

Sent up for concurrence 



In Senate April 19 th 1780 
Read & Concurred 

Approv'd 



Caleb Davis Sp r 

Jer: Powell Presi dt 
John Hancock 



Petition of Jeremiah Powell. 

To the Honble Council and Honble House of Representatives 
of the Mass ts Bay 

The Petition of Jeremiah Powell humbly sheweth That 
the Greatest Part of the Vessels which were owned by the 
Inhabitants of the County of Cumberland have been lately 
lost, most of them in the unfortunate Expedition to Penob- 
scot, that the late Resolve for raising Men in that County, is 
extremely burdensome to them on Account of the lowness of 
the Establishment, insomuch that your Petitioner is in- 
formed, three Thousand Dollars are demanded by those who 
incline to inlist over and above the Pay and Rations, That 
the aforesaid Loss of Vessels has not been in any Degree 



220 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

made up to the Owners. That on these Accounts, and the 
Distress which an Invasion of the Eastern Parts of the State 
by the Enemy has brought upon the People in that County, 
they are become unable to pay the heavy and your Petitioner 
humbly thinks the undue Proportion of Taxes which have 
been laid upon them 

Your Petitioner asks not at present any Remittance of 
these Taxes, but humbly prays your Honors to pass a Re- 
solve to Suspend Issuing Execution against the Constables 
and Collectors of the several Towns in the said County of 
Cumberland, untill they shall have some Relief from their 
present unhappy Circumstances Your Petitioner doubts 
not that the greatest Exertion possible will notwithstanding 
be made to pay the Taxes aforesaid, but to have Execution 
sent against the Collectors at this Critical Time must add 
Distress to the Distressed. Your Petitioner as in Duty 
bound shall ever pray — 

Jere Powell 



Letter from H hle James Lovell Esq r 

Philadelphia April 17, 1780 
Sir 

We have the Honor of forwarding at this Time a Warrant 
for two Millions of Dollars granted for the Use of the State 
before M r Partridge left Philadelphia but not then carried 
through the necessary Forms. 

The inclosed Extract from the Journals with the Informa- 
tion which our Colleague can give will prove how the main 
Point relative to the Expences on the Penobscot Expedition 
was left undecided. He will also enable the General As- 
sembly to judge whether it was proper for the Delegates to 



OK THE STATE OP MAINE 221 

push strenuously for a Decision of thai Poinl during the then 
apparent Temper of Congress, or to wait for further Direc- 
tions from the Court 

We have the Honor to be with ureal Respect Sir 
Your most humble Servant 

James Love 1 1 
In Council April 29 l 1780 

Read & sent down with the several S. Holten 

Inclosures Accompanying the Same 

John Avery D Secy 

Hon ble President of the Council of Massachusetts Bay. 

The Delegates of Mass : Bay in Consequence of their In- 
structions moved the following propositions 

That upon the Adjustment of the Accounts of the State of 
Massachusetts Bay they be allowed the reasonable Expenees 
incurred by them in endeavouring by a land & naval arma- 
ment to dislodge the Enemy who had actually invaded the 
said State & fortified themselves at Penobscot. 

Thai a Warrant issue on the Treasurer of the State of 

Mass. Bay in favour of the said State for Dollars being 

pari of their Quota of continental Taxes, for which Sum the 
said Stale is to be accountable. 

That an Expedition be forthwith adopted for dislodging 
the Enemy from Penobscot. 



Resolve in Favor of Andrew Patterson. 

House of Representatives, State Massachusetts bay 

April 17, 1780 

Your Committee to whom was Committed the Petition of 

Andrew Patterson, Late of Penobscot, and oblig d to come off 

with his Family to Kennebeck River, praying for Relief, 

having Examined into the Facts Set forth in Said Petition, 



222 



DOCUMEXTARY HISTORY 



Finds them to be True Wherefore Resolved that there be 
paid out of the Publick Treasury of this State to Andrew 
Patterson, the Sum of three Hundred pounds for the present 
Relief of him and his Said Family 
Read & Accepted 

Sent up for Concurrence 



In Council April 17 1780 
Read & Concurr d 

S Adams 
Warrant drawn this Day 
Consented to — 
Jer Powell 
A. Ward 



John Hancock Spk r 



Seer 5 



S. Adams 
J Fisher 
H Gardner 
Moses Gill 



N Cushing 
A. Fuller 
JST Goodman 
Jn° Pitts 
Aaron Wood 
Tho s Durfee 



T Edwards 
Sam 1 INTiles 
J Stone 
Prescott 



A Proclamation. 

Whereas the success of Military Operations in a great 
measure depends upon Dispatch, which in a time of War is 
scarcely to be obtained in the ordinary Course of Law — 
Therefore — By Virtue of the Power vested in me by the 
Hon ble the General Assembly of this State, by a Resolve of 
the fifteenth of March last ; 

I do hereby Proclaim the Law Martial to be in full force in 
the County of Lincoln from the sea Coast ten miles, & in the 
Islands adjacent; excepting in Cases that are entirely of a 
civil nature & do not interfere with the military ; In all such 
Cases the Execution of the civil Law is not meant to be Sus- 
pended ; but to remain in full force & all military Officers are 
to conduct themselves accordingly. 



OB THE STATE or Maine 223 

And all persons are hereby forbid to aid, supply, assist or 
to hold any Correspondence with the Enemy in any way or 
manner whatever, under the Penalty of military Execution. 
1 The Inhabitants of the Islands in Penobscott sound, on 
Penobscott River, & to the eastward of Penobscott River as 
far as Union River, being much exposed by their local situa- 
tion, are to hold themselves as Neutrals in regard of aiding 
or assisting either party ; & they or any other Person are not 
permitted to pass from the Islands or Main to Majabigwa- 
duce, or from the Main to the Islands without a Pass from 
the Commanding Officer at this Post. 

And all persons are forbid to pass up Penobscott Sound 
towards Majabigwaduce within a line drawn from Owl's 
Head to the southerly end of the Fox Islands, the outer part 
of Deer Island, & so on to the Main on the easterly side of 
Edgenoggin Reach ; Excepting the Inhabitants of the Islands, 
which Inhabitants tho they are permitted to pass from Island 
to Island & also to the Mais on their own Business, are not 
to go up the Sound towards Majabigwaduce higher than a 
line from the lower end of Long Island to the upper end 
of the Fox & Deer Islands; & when they come to the Main 
are to obtain a Pass for their Return, from the Commanding 
Officer at this Post. 

No person is permitted to pass to the northward of Negun- 
tacook by land towards Penobscott River or from Union 
River to the southward towards Majabigwaduce, without a 
Pass from the Commanding Officer at either Post, except the 
Inhabitants who live between the lines prescribed, which 
Inhabitants when they pass the lines, are to have a Pass for 
their Return. 

All persons deserting & joining with the Enemy are to be 
treated as Deserters from the American Army, f All per- 
sons, who shall discover a Breach of these Orders, are directed 
to apprehend the Offenders, & deliver them at Head Quarters, 



224 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

that they may receive the Justice due to the Enemies of the 

United States of America. 

The Officers of the Militia on the Sea Coast are directed to 

hold their Companies & Regiments in the greatest possible 

Readiness, & to appoint an Alarm Post, or Posts for each 

Company, that they may be ready to act with Vigor in Case 

of an Alarrn, or answering any Call that may be necessary 

for the Good of the State 

given at Head Quarters 

P Wadsworth B Gen 1 

Thomaston 18 th Day of April A D 1780 



Resolve Appointing -Joseph Noyes Committee of Inquiry; 
Also in Favor of Joseph Young. 

In the House of Representatives April 18, 1780 

Whereas it is represented to this Court that the fifty 
shovels & fifty spades which were by order of the General 
Court sent to Falmouth for the Use of the Troops there in 
the Year 1776, have been embezzled or carelessly left Re- 
solved That Capt Joseph Noyes Commissary at s d Palm be 
and hereby is appointed a Committee to make enquiry into 
this matter — & make report to this Court or to the Council as 
soon as may be 

The Committee of both houses that were appointed to 
consider the Petition of Joseph Young of Cape rozier Repre- 
senting that on the 22 d of February last, his House was 
broke open by one Cornelius Thompson & others ; & Robbed 
of a Number of Articles have attended that Service and find 
the facts Set forth in Said Petition are true ; & further y e 
Committee find that the S d Joseph has been friendly to the 
United States of America ; Notwithstanding under his present 
Distressed & Difficult Scituation & Circumstances he has been 



OF THE STATE OF MAINK 



■i-i :> 



oblidged to take an Oath of allegiance to the King of Great 

Brittain. Therefore beg leave to Report the following 

Resolve 

B White p r ord r 

Resolved that the s d Joseph Young be and he hereby is Ira- 
power'd to bring an Action at the next infeirour Court of 
Common pleas to be holden at Salem, within & for the County 
of Essex against Cornelius Thompson & others for the Re- 
covery of his Goods & Damages: & that he be permitted to 
Return to his Family Unmolested 
In Council April 24 l 1780 
Read & Accepted 

Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery D Sec y 
In the House of Representatives April 24 1780 
Read & concurred 



Consented to 
Jer Powell 
A. Ward 
W Spooner 
S Adams 
B White 



H Gardner 
1) Davis 
T Edwards 
A Fuller 
Sam 1 Niles 



John Hancock Spk r 

Tho s Durfee 
Jn° Pitts 
Aaron Wood 
J. Stone 
J Simpson 



Receipt of \\ '" Goodmg for Supplies. 

Falmouth Aprill 20 th 1780 
Rec d in good order on board the Schooner Dolphin — myself 
Master one Hogshead of Clothing Mark d 107 Shirts 67 pairs 
Shoes 95 pairs Hose — Also 4 Blanketts and 6 pairs Shoes 
not pack d all which I Promise to Deliver to the Honourab 16 
Board of War in Boston in the State of Massaehusett Bay in 
like good Order on acc ot of John Lewis Esq 1 * Agent for the 



15 



226 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

County of Cumberland and take Receip' for Said Agent 

Danger of the Seas & Enemy Excepted for which I have 

given Said Agent a Recip 1 of the Same Tenor and Date of 

this — 

W m Gooding 



Petition of Nath 1 Palmer. 

To the Hon ble the Council and Hon ble House of Representa- 
tives of the State of Massachusetts in General Court As- 
sembled at Boston April 1780 

The Petition of Nathaniel Palmer of Bristol in the County 
of Lincoln Humbly Sheweth 

That Upon Complaint made against your pet 1 * by William 
McLain & Thomas Martin your pet 1- was Cited before Justice 
JSTicholls to take the Oath or Affirmation to the State: but 
your pet 1 * being one of the Friends, he could not in Con- 
science take the Same, and was Committed to Goal therefor. 

That your petitioner never did anything to the Damage of 
the State, and wishes well to his Country — 

He Therefore prays your Honors would be pleased to in- 
terpose in his behalf and liberate him from the Sentence he 
now lyes under 

And as in duty bound shall pray &c 

Nathaniel Palmer 



P (-.solve of the House in re Joseph Young. 

Lynn 20 April 1780 
Capt. Johnson Sir 

J have had application from one M r Joseph Young an In- 
habitant of Cape Rozua near Majorbagaduce for my opinion 
concerning his Character wether or no he was an Enemy to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 227 

his Country, all I can say as to the matter is this that he fre- 
quently was on hoard our Ship and all ways appeard Freindly, 
and as lie was obligd to take an oath of Allegiance to his 
majesty he was <m<' of the First that appeard to Recant the 
Same, and made application to me to Signify his Intention 
to the ( lommodore for that purpose, \v ch was granted, he used 
to Supply our Ship with Milk, Butter, fresh Meat, & every 
thing that he had was very willing to lett us have, and all 
ways Entertained us very Kindly whenever we was ashoar 
which was very Frequently with one or other of us, he In- 
forms me he has been Kohbd of every thing of Movables of 
both his A: his wifes in February as appears by his Petition 
by one Cornelius Thompson & others. I should be much 
Obligd to you Cap 1 " Johnson, if you can gett this man any 
Releif, to use your Influence for that purpose, as I sincerely 
think him a i'reind to his Country. I Remember he had the 
Steward of the Brig' Oefence one Cleves, who was wounded 
at his house, & took particulair care of him. I have nothing 
more to add but wish the Unhappy man, may find Relief from 
the Honrahlc Court I am Sir Your humb. Servant 

Joseph Turen 
In the House of Representatives April 24 th 1780 

Orderd that ('apt Ward and Capt Page with such as the 
Hon 1 Board shall Join be a Committee to take into considera- 
tion the Circumstances of Joseph Young, & report what is 
proper to be done respecting him. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council April 25, 1780 

Read & Concurred and Thomas Durfey Eq r is joined — 

John Avery D Secy. 

The Committee appointed as above have attended the 
Service assigned them, & beg leave to report as their opinion 



228 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

that it is not necessary or Expedient to take any further 
Order respecting the said Joseph Young all which is sub- 
mitted 

Thomas Durfee P r order 
In Council April 22 d 1780 

Read & Accepted 

Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery D Secy. 

In the House of RejDresentatives April 25 1780 

Read & concurred 

John Hancock Spk r 



Letter James Lovell Enclosing Letter of George Washington. 

Philadelphia April 21 st 1780 
Sir 

Upon the joint opinion and Desire of my Colleague I do 
myself the Honor to forward at this Time an Extract from 
one of General Washington's last Letters interesting to the 
State of Massachusetts Bay in particular 

I am with much Respect Sir Your very humble Servant 

James Lovell 
Hon bIe President of the Council Massachusetts Bay 

Head Quarters Morris Town 

April 17 th 1780 
I have attentively considered the application from the 
State of Massachusetts on the Subject of an Expedition 
against the Enemy at Penobscot. It appears to be of great 
Importance in several points of view that they should be dis- 
lodged — but circumstanced as we are I do not see how the 
attempt can be made with any prospect of Success — A naval 
cooperation seems to be absolutely necessary and for this we 
do not possess the means — We have no fleet and the Enemy 
have a respectable one on the coast which they can at any 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 229 

time employ to frustrate our measures. From all accounts 
the Posts at Penobscol are strongly situated & susceptible of 
being made more formidable by additional fortification, 
which it is to be presumed bas not been neglected. To at- 
tempt a coup de main with a tollerable certainty of Success 
would require a considerable force, and of other Troops than 
Militia, which can by no means be spared. To operate by 
a siege with Cannon and the necessary apparatus would be 
an affair of length — The operating force, I am informed, 
must depend on Supplies of every kind by Water — This 
Communication would be liable to be interrupted at the 
Pleasure of the Enemy and the Situation of the Troops would 
be allarmingly precarious. A reinforcement might at any 
Time be sent from Ilallifax and New York to raise the siege; 
our Troops would perhaps escape themselves with difficulty 
no doubt with disgrace and with the loss of their cannon & 
stores — But were there no other obstacles in the way the 
total deficiency of money & magazines seems alone to be in- 
surmountable. With respect to both of these we seem to be 
arrived at so desperate an extremity that every arrangement 
k operation is at a stand, and without speedy relief inevitable 
ruin must ensue — These objections to the expedition 
obviously present themselves in the present posture of our 
affairs, though I confess 1 have not a sufficient knowledge of 
the Country in question to form a very accurate judgment. 
Could we obtain an effectual naval cooperation this and 
many other things might be undertaken, which without it 
are impracticable. Indeed considering the position of these 
States a Fleet is essential to our system of defence — that we 
have not hitherto suffered more than we have for want of it is 
to be ascribed to the feeble and injudicious manner in which 
the Enemy have applied the means in their hands during the 
war. The plan they are now persuing of attacking points 



230 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

remote from each other will make us feel the Disadvantage 
in a striking manner — and may be fatal if our allies are not 
able to afford us naval succour. In all respects it is more 
necessary now than it ever was 

I have the honor to be &c 

G e W 



Certificate of John Lucas. 

These Certify, that at the request of M r Xath 1 Palmer of 
Bristol who profeseth him Self of the Seek call d Quakers. 
That I had a Former Acquaintance with s d Palmer, by Living 
at his Hose, a number of years a go, & Since, and at that time 
found him to be Extreem Devout, & his mind wholey on the 
matters of Religion, and Since which have hand Informa- 
tion of his alltering his Princaples to his present namly that 
of a Frind — and from all I've seen and herd I find nothing 
in him which appears to Exphenable (Except), the Scruples 
of his Concince, respecting an oath of afermation to which, 
he seems, to pleades the Dictates of his Concince 

John Lucas 
To Whoom this May Concern 

Boston April 21, 1780 



Resolve Relative to Clothing for Army. 

In the House of Representatives April 21 st 1780 

As Justice and Humanity and every Reasonable Principal 
of the Humane heart must Urge the Xecessaty of rendering 
the Situation of Our Brethren (who are resquing their Lives 
in the Field of Battle for Our defence) as Comfortable as 
may be and as we doubt not the Several Towns in this State 



OF THE STATE OF .MAIM. 231 

are willing- to make further Exertions for their Comforl and 
Encouragement if Called upon for that Purpose. 

Resolved that the Selecl men of Each Town shall on or 
before the Tenth Day of October next ( lause the said Articles 
to be Transported to Such Place or Places in the Counties 
to which they Respectively belong as the agenl of the County 
who shall be by the General Court appointed Shall order. 

Resolved that the Following Persons be and they hereby 
are appointed to receive in the Counties whereof they are 
inhabitants the articles aforesaid when so collected 

In the County of Suffolk — Lemuel Kollock Esq r 
In the County of Essex — Israel Hutchins Esq 1 * 
In the County of Middlesex — Joseph Hosmer Esq 1 * 
In the County of Worcester — Seth Washburn Esq 1 " 
In the County of Hampshire — Elijah Hunt Esq 1 " 
In the County of Berkshire — William Williams Esq 1 " 
In the County of Plymouth — Cap 1 David Kingman 
In the County of Barnstable — Col Enoch Hallett 
In the County of Bristol — George Godfrey Esq r 
In the County of York — Edward Cutts Esq 1 " 
In the County of Cumberland — John Lewis Esq 1 * 
In the County of Lincoln — Dummer Sewall Esq 1 * 
In the County of Dukes County — James Athearn Esq 1 " 
In the County of Nantucket — Stephen Hussey Esq* 

And that the said Agents shall upon receiving said Articles 
Transport them to Such Place or Places within this State as 
the General Court shall Order and Direct and shall on or be- 
fore the Tenth Day of Novem* next make out and Lodge in 
the Secretarys office a True and Perfect Inventory of the 
Articles which they shall so receive with the names of the 
Select men and that there shall be upon Each Shirt pair of 
shoes Stocking and Blankets the name of the Town from 
whence they received the Same and the Prices at which the 



232 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Select men shall Charge them In Order that the same may 
be Examined by a Comm tee of the General Court to be on or 
before that time for that Purpose especially appointed — 

Resolved for the Purpose of keeping a Uniformity among 
the Soldiers in the Army that the Shirts and Stockings be 
white 

Resolved that when the said Accounts are Examined and 
approved by Such Com ttee that Warrants be made out by the 
Major Part of the Council on the Treasurer in favour of 
Such Select men, for the Sums that may be due to them on 
Such accounts, and the Select men when they shall have re- 
ceived Such Sums shall Pay the same Over to those who shall 
have Supplied them with the Shirts Shoes Stockings and 
Blankets as aforesaid 

Also Resolved that Such Select men and agents Lay before 
the same Com ttee an account of their Service and Expences in 
order that the same may be Examined and paid in manner 
aforesaid 

Resolved that if the Selectmen of any Town shall Neglect 
to make return of their Doings to the agent of their County 
Pursuant to this Resolve such Select men shall be Liable to 
Pay a fine of Two hundred pounds to the use of this Govern- 
ment, to be recovered by Action of Debt at the Suit of Such 
Persons as the Gen 1 Court shall appoint to bring the same, 
and in those Plantations where there are no Selectmen the 
Com ttee of Corespondance &c are hereby Directed and Com- 
manded to do the Business by this resolve required of Select 
men, and shall be Liable to the same Penalties and in every 
respect in the same sense accountable for their Conduct And 
it is further Resolved that if any Town shall be so regardless 
of their Duty and Interest as to Neglect or refuse to Procure 
the Articles Required by the Select men and Com ttee afore- 
said in Consequence of these Resolves that such Towns shall 



OF THE STATE OK MAI.NK 



■>:>,:', 



forfeit and Pay Double the Value of the Deficient Article 
for such neglecl which Sum shall he added to Such Towns 
Proportion of the next State Tax, 

A in I if any Agent appointed for the Purpose afores d shall 
cteglecl to make return as aforesaid on or Before the Tenth 
day of Novem r next shall he Liable to Pay a fine to this Gov- 
ernment of Five hundred pounds to be recovered by an Action 
of Debt at the Suit of Such Persons as the Gen 1 Court shall 
appoint to bring the same — and it is further Resolved — 
that the Respective xVgents be and they hereby are Appointed 
Inspectors of all the Cloathing which they may Collect 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 

In Council May 4 l 1780 
Read & Concurred 

John Averv D Sec y 



Consented to 

Jer. Powell 
A. Ward 
T Cushing 
S Adams 
J Fisher 



I: White 
Oliver Prescott 
T Danielson 
N Cushing 
Tho s Durfee 



Aaron Wood 
Jn° Pitts 
Sam 1 Niles 
A. Fuller 
J Simpson 



Petition of Nathcmiel Palmer. 

To the Frendly members of the Counsil and house of Repre- 
sentatives Respective Friends your Committee has Returned 
my Pertision and Refuse to discharge me unless I take the 
alVairmation which I Cannol do for this Reason: that I find 
that Love is the fullfiling of the haw and all the Law and the 
Prophits hangs thereon. Love is of God and is the Bond of 



234 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Perfection : and Peace is the greate Preservative of Love, and 
Joy in the holy ghost : Peace and Love have close Connection, 
it Comes from the Prince of Peace in whom I Beleve and di- 
sire to follow: if I shuld affairm to Be true to war: then I 
Shuld make Shipwrack of faith and a good Conchance: for 
Love is that New Command, which I hope I have Received 
Kitten on my heart — that I Shuld Love one another: But 
your Law my friends Strikes at the very Scorce and founda- 
tion of all my Religeon which is my Life: for if I Shuld 
Beare true faith and alleagence to war it would Be the very 
Sword By which the Life of my Religion would Perish: 
friends whoom Shud I obay : you that can only kill the Body 
or him that Can distroy Both Soul and Body in hell : I think 
I have found that Peace of god that Paseth all Xatureal 
understand'g and am commanded to keepe my heart and mind 
in the knolage and Love of it : for it is not the wisdom of man 
But of god whose ways are ways of Pleasantness and in whose 
Paths I find Peace: for out of it is the Issuese of Eternal 
Life: if you Suspect me to Be a tory you Rong me for I 
abhor the Xame of tory or whig Ether they only Represent 
too Revengeful Parties distroy ing Eaich other I will not 
Joyn Ether But Can affairm I am a true and Reall friend 
to my Cuntry and will Never Joyn aide or assist By inform- 
ing or Supporting or any ways axessary or Prevy in any ways 
whatsoever against my Cuntry By any ways or means what- 
soever ; upon the Penalty of Looseing the Peace of my mind : 
the Love and favour of god which is Better then Life: and 
the Prospect of Eternal hapeness Beyend the grave : and allso 
the Comfort of the Sosiety of my Christion friends here in 
time : Now friends if you are Resolved to Expel me from my 
Native Cuntry when I have done you no harm or Ever will : 
I hope I Shall in joy that Sperite of Peace which wishes your 
temperal and Eternal wellfair : and am Confident that if you 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE -'■','> 

Refuse my Pertishon in your Courl here Below: yet the 
Court above will hear the Cryes of my Children and wife 
whose Liveingyou are distroying without Cause 

Nathaniel Palmer 

Boston 25 th 4 month 1780 

In Council April 28 l 1780 

Read & Ordered that Walter Spooner K<| r with such aa 
the Ilonhle House shall appoint be a Committee to take into 

Consideration this Petition & report what may be proper to 

be done thereon — 

Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery D Sec y 

In the House of Representatives April 29 th 1780 

Read k concurred & Mr Davis of Dudley & Capt McFar- 

land are join'd 

John Hancock Spk r 

The Com tte of both houses appointed on the petition of 
Xathaniel Palmer have attended the servis assigned them, 
and Report that S d petition be dismis'd 

W Spooner by order 

In Council April 29* 1780 Read & Accepted 

Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery D Sec y 



Report on General Wudsivorths Letters. 

State of Massachusetts Bay April 27 th 1780 
The Committee of both Houses on the letters from Briga- 
dier General Wadsworth and Peter Noyes, & the Resolve of 

Congress of the 8 th instant, report, that they have enquired 
of the Board of War respecting the supply of Provisions. In- 
trenching tools cV: Whale-boats ordered for the Eastern De- 
partment, & are of opinion that what Provisions & Intrenching 



23G DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

tools are sent, and ready to be sent, are all that could imme- 
diately be obtained, and will be sufficient for the preasent; a 
Schedule whereof is now presented : Measures are taken that 
the Whale-boats agreed for be built with all possible dispatch, 
& that they with those already procured be forwarded as 
soon as may be. — And as by y e Resolve aforesaid, Con- 
tinental pay & rations are to be allowed to any body of Militia 
not exceeding Eight hundred men, which this State may 
judge necessary to be raised for the defence of the Eastern 
Department, Your Committee report that the Continental 
Quarter Master General & Issuing Commissary of Provisions 
be requested to replace such articles as have been supplied by 
the Board of War for the purpose above mentioned, that 
come within their respective departments, & to furnish such 
supplies as may be further wanted for the Eastern depart- 
ment. 

Your Committee think if expedient that two Eighteen 
pounders and three Four pound Field pieces with thirty 
rounds each be sent to Falmouth, and a Lieu 1 & twenty Mat- 
trosses to strenthen that Post, and that an Engineer be ap- 
pointed and directed to repair there as soon as may be. That 
Brigadier Gushing be directed to deliver to Brigadier Wads- 
worth or his order, so many of the Fire arms returned into 
him from the late Expedition at Penobscot, as he shall apply 
for, taking said Wadsworths receipt to be accountable for the 
same. 

Your Committee further report that so many of the Whale- 
boats procured, be forwarded as will be necessary to transport 
the Troops destined for Machias, to that place, & that the said 
Troops be embarked under the direction of General Wads- 
worth. 

To alter the regulation of the Post from Falmouth to Bos- 
ton, Your Committee apprehend will expedite intelligence & 



OF THE 8TATE OF MAINE 237 

not much increase the expenco, for w' 1 ' purpose have prepared 
the Resolve accompanying this report. All which is sub- 
mitted 

John Pitts p order 
In Council April 27 l 1780 

Read & Sent down lni Avery D Secy 



Report on Petition Briggs Hallowell, 

The Committee appointed on the petition of Briggs Hallo- 
well have attended that Service, and beg leave to Report. 

That it is the Unanimous Oppinion of said Committee, 
that Doctor Silvester Gardiner obtained Judgement against 
said Briggs in a fraudulent way. And that said Judgement 
be set aside — And that said Briggs Hallowell be put in the 
same Situation, Relative to His Debt & Lands, as he was if 
no such Judgement had been obtained. 
Accept c(l 

Petition & Resolve 
1 Copy delivered E. H. Robbins Esq 1 ' 4/ fees 

1 d° delivered J Gardiner Esq 1 " 4/ fees 

27 April 1780 



Resolve Relative to Post Riders Between Portsmouth 
& Falmouth. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives April lis" 1 1780 
Whereas it appears to this Court that the present regula- 
tion of the Posts who ride from Boston to Falmouth is at- 
tended with great delay, whereby not only Individuals but 
the Public are in a great measure deprived of the Benetits 



238 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



which might otherwise arise from y e establishment of Posts, 
therefore Resolved that the President of the Council be re- 
quested to write a letter to the Delegates of this State at 
Congress, directing them to make application to the Post 
Master General to order that the Regulation aforesaid be so 
altered that the Mails may be carried from one of said Places 
to ye other & back again in the course of every week, and 
that The Hon'ble Samuel Freeman Esq r be a Committee to 
agree with some Person to ride in the meantime between 
Falmouth & Portsmouth in such a manner as that he set out 
from the last mentioned place immediately on the arrival of 
the Post from Boston and return to Portsmouth before the 
Post sets out therefrom to return to Boston. Such Rider 
to continue in the Service for the term of six Months, or 
untill the further order of the General Court, and to carry 
all public Letters which may be ordered to be sent to or from 
the Eastern parts of the State; such as shall be sent from 
Boston to be sent to the care of the Post Master at Ports- 
mouth, who is requested to deliver them to the said Rider, 
& he the said Rider is directed to put into the Post office at 
Portsmouth, all Letters w ch may be directed to be sent from 
the said Eastern Parts of the State to Boston 
Sent up for Concurrence 



John Hancock Spk 1 ' 



In Council April 28 l 1780 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery 
Consented to — 

Jer Powell 

A. Ward 

W Spooner 

T Cushing 



D Sec y 



J Fisher 
II Gardner 



B White 
D Davis 
J Stone 
T Danielson 
Prescott 
Tho s Durfee 



Jn° Pitts 
A. Fuller 
Aaron Wood 
Sam 1 Xiles 



OF THE STATE <>K MAIM-. 2:}f» 

Meshech Weare to the Council. 

Exeter April 28 th 1780 
Sir. 

I am honoured with the recepl of your favour of the 18 th 
Ins 1 , which I immediately laid before the General Assembly, 
who after due consideration thereof were very Sensibly im- 
pressed with the distress of our Bretherin Inhabiting the 
rCastern parts, exposed to the Enemy holding possession of 
Penobscot. *i And of the importance of defending against 
their Excursions into that Neighbourhood; and if possihle 
to rescue that post out of their hands. And are very Sorry 
that they cannot at this Time afford assistance to a Sister 
State in defence of that ( iountry: Being- under the Necessity 
of raising considerable forces to defend their Northern and 
Western Territories which we apprehend to be in Eminent 
danger from Canada. * Bui in case an Expidition should 
he ordered by Congress to reduce the Enemy at Penobscot, 
this State will exert themselves to the utmost to assist in 
carrying it into execution. I am Sir with every sentement of 
Esteem, your very humble Servant. 

.Meshech Weare Pres 1 
Hon Jeremiah Powell Esq* 

In Council May 3 d 1780 

Read & Sent down John Averv D Secv 



Peleg Wadsworth to the Council. 

Head Quarters, Falm 28 April 1780 
Sir, 

1 would inform Your Honor that I returnd to this Town 
on the l'i" 1 Inst: from Thomaston; in which quarter there 
were on the 20 a [ns1 :, only fifty men arrived of both Detach- 
ments, four of which only were from the County of York, 



240 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

The Consequence of this Delay is very Dangerous, & is the 
cause of frequent desertions from the Inhabitants to the 
Enemy. It begets a Diffidence in the wavering, & even in 
our most zealous Friends : It inspires the Enemy with per- 
serverance in endeavouring to catch the deluded Inhabitants, 
that live in their Vicinity, & invites a profitable Correspond- 
ence to be kept up with them ; by which they procure many 
Supplies & Conveniences. To prevent this I was induced on 
the 18 Inst:, notwithstanding the want of men & Boats, to 
issue the inclosed Proclamation: In support of which my 
little party will be much exposed, till the expected arrival. 
I was further induced to issue this Proclamation to prevent 
the Inhabitants of the Islands & parts adjacent to Majabig- 
waduce from joining fully with the Enemy, or becoming 
obliged to quit their Habitations by the first of May; which 
they are required to do by a late Proclamation from the 
Enemy. Their Habitations however they must still quit 
unless the Neutrality I have required be admitted by the 
Enemy: For it is better that those parts should be unin- 
habited, than that they should join heart & hand against us. 

On my Return to this Town there were not any of the 
Troops arrived. Yesterday was the first beginning to for- 
tify, & that with only twenty men. I have repeatedly urged 
the Commanding Officers in each County to forward their 
Quotas ; a part only of which are raised, & just begin to be in 
motion. There seems to be the least prospect from the 
County of York. As I found it necessary to order the small 
Parties of Matrosses, stationed in this Town & Cape Eliza- 
beth, on constant duty, in order to get the Ordnance & Stores in 
good Readiness ; to take notice of the discouragements, which 
they seemed to labour under on account of small Allowance 
and light pay, which they looked upon as Reasons for at- 
tending but little to their duty, I have presumed to order 



OF THE STATE OF MAIM-: - 1 1 

them the same allowance with the rest of the Troops, (till the 
plasure of the State is known) which I request may be con- 
tinued, & if not inexpedient, thai some addition may he 

made to their Wanes, as it would render them alert in their 
duty. These two Parties of Matrosses, Your Honor is pos- 
siltlv aware are small ; they are commanded by two Sergeants, 
& those not very capable. This induces me to renew my 
former Request that there may he an addition to the Train 
here in some way or other. 

By information received yesterday by two Deserters from 
the Albany at Penobscott who left her the 22 d Inst: as well 
as by other corresponding accounts, it appears that the 
Enemy's shipping at Penobscott are very slightly manned; 
they inform that the Albany, since the loss of the Greater 
& best part of her men in the Sloop captured by the Pro- 
tector, has only twelve sailors k six Marines belonging to 
her; that their fears are somewhat alarmed by the want of 
men on hoard their ships in general. This shews the ex- 
pediency of not exchanging their sailors; »v. 1 would here 
renew my former request, that the Tories that lately have 
been, or hereafter may be captured, belonging to the eastern 
parts, may not be exchanged; but be kept closely confined. 
Since a number of the most enterprising of them have of late 
been sent Prisoners to Boston, & several more are in my 
Custody at Thomaston waiting the Issue of Martial haw. A 
little seasonable Severity, I hope, will blast the expectations 
of the Enemy from their Tory Allies. 

I would suggest the practicability of drawing out the 
Enemy's ships and capturing them by stratagem, without 
running any great Risque on our part. Their ships at Big- 
wad uee are the Nautilus, the Albany, & two Letter of Marques, 
viz. Eagle of 22 Guns, & Oceolus, of 18 Guns. All are 
weakly manned, except the Nautilus, which is not complete; 
16 



242 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

& a fortnight ago, by Information, there was only one Sloop 
of War of 18 Guns at Halifax, & none of greater force, the 
Virginia Frigate having sailed about a month since for New 
York. 

The prevailing public Report from Majorbigwaduce is that 
a considerable Armament is expected from New- York to take 
possession of this Post, which tho I think it rather an Argu- 
ment to the contrary, I could wish to be prepared for. 

The inclosed is a Return of the Ordnance and ordnance 
stores at this Post ; the Expediency of augmenting which, 'tis 
probable will be determined by the adequateness of the supply 
here for the Use of the place, & the supply the State may 
have on hand. I propose immediately to proceed again to 
the eastward after the Troops shall have arrived here, & 
matters are put into a desirable Train. 

I am sensible I have not answered Your Honor's Expecta- 
tions in speedily arranging & executing the Business of this 
Department ; & would only ask in Excuse, how it was possible 
to do it ? since the Troops have not been raised either agree- 
able to the Orders or Expectation of the State. 

Should any Orders for this Department be sent to my 
Quarters in this Town, they will have immediate Convey- 
ance to the Eastward, if necessary, in my absence. 

I have not as yet been favored with any Return to mine 
of the eighth & twelveth. 

I am Sir, with much Esteem & Respect, Your Honor's 
most obedient and humble Servant : 

Peleg Wadsworth 

P. S. A number of small Craft are passing & repassing from 
Nova Scotia to this State. They produce old permits from 
Court, which somewhat embarrasses me. This Communica- 
tion seems to open a wide door for mischief, without a pros- 
pect of an equivalent Good. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 243 

In Council M;iv .V 1780 

Read & Sent down with several Papers accompanying the 
Same. Jn° Avery D Secy. 

In the House of Representatives May 5 th 1780 

Read cV referrd to the Hon 1 ' 1 Council 

John Hancock Spk r 

In ( founcil May 5, 1780 
Read & Concurred 

John A. very I) Secy 



Resolve directing the Board of War. 

In the House of Representatives Apr. 29 th 1780 

Resolved that the Board of War he directed to forward a 
sufficient number of Whale Boats to Broad Bay, for the pur- 
pose of conveying the detachment destin'd to Machias: and 
th;il the Baid Detachmenl be embarked under the direction 
of Brigadier Wadsworth — And that the Board of War also 
send forward to Falmouth two Eighteen Pound Cannon and 
three four-Pounders with thirty rounds each 
Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 

In Council April 20 l 1780 
Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Sec y 

( ionsented to — 

Jer Powell B White A. Fuller 

A. Ward D Davis 1ST dishing 

W Spooner T Daniel son Sam 1 Xiles 

T dishing Oliver Prescott Jn" Pitts 

J Fisher J Stone Aaron Wood 

H Gardner Tho s Durfee 



244 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Resolve recommending to the Continental Commissary & 
Quarter Master General. 

In the House of Representatives April 29, 1780 

Resolved — That Brigadier General Gushing be directed to 
deliver to Brigadier General Wadsworth or his Order so 
many of the Fire Arms returned into him, from the late 
Expedition at Penobscot as he shall apply for taking said 
Wadsworths Receipt to be accountable for the same 

And whereas by a Resolve of Congress of 8 th Instant this 
State is empowered to raise a number of Men on Continental 
Pay & Rations, for the Defence of the Eastern Parts of this 
State Resolved, That it be recommended to the Continental 
Commissary and Quarter Master General in this Depart- 
ment to replace the several Articles in each of their Depart- 
ments which the Board of War have furnished for the Troops 
now on Service in the aforesaid Eastern Parts of this State ; 
and that they make suitable provision for future Supplies 
— And that they appoint each of them a deputy at Falmouth 
for the purpose of receiving said stores so sent — 
Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 



In Council April 29 l 1780 
Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Sec y 



Consented to — 

Jer Powell 
A. Ward 
W Spooner 
H Gardner 
T Cushing 
D Davis 



Jn° Pitts 
J Fisher 
Aaron Wood 
Sam 1 iSTiles 
B White 
A. Fuller 



T Danielson 
J Stone 
O Prescott 
Tho s Durfee 
N Cushing 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 245 

Lelhr In lion Elbridge Gerry Es<j' 

Slate of Massachusetts May 1 st 1780 
Gentlemen 

The presenl situation of the Eastern Part of this State 
rendering it expedient thai a regular mode of conveying In- 
telligence with dispatch to & from thence to Boston, the Gen- 
eral Assembly have taken into consideration the present 
regulation of the Posts who ride from Boston to Falmouth 
cV are of opinion it mighl be so altered as that the Mails may 
he carried from Boston to Falmouth in one half the usual 
time 

The Post who rides to Portsmouth goes from Boston every 
Thursday Morning and arrives at Portsmouth y e next day in 
the Afternoon. On Saturday morning the Eastern Post 
who rides from Portsmouth to Falmouth sets out for the last 
mentioned place & arrives there the next day in the afternoon. 
He leaves Falmouth Monday or Tuesday and goes home to 
his Family who reside at Wells about half way between Fal- 
mouth & Portsmouth & there tarries till friday when he rides 
to Portsmouth, and as the Portsmouth Post gets out from 
that place to Boston on Tuesday, the mails lay in the Post 
office in Portsmouth till the Tuesday following tk is then 
brought to Boston by Wednesday night — so that letters are 
nine or ten days passing from Falmouth to Boston 

The regulation now proposed is as follows, viz' 
That the first mentioned Post leave Boston so early on 
Thursday as to arrive the same day at Newbury Port v.V the 
next day by noon at Portsmouth, *.V then the Eastern post to 
take the Mail & carry it to Falmouth by Saturday night. 
That he then set oul from Falmouth early on Monday morn- 
ing & reach Portsmouth on Tuesday noon at w 1 ' time the 
other Post may take the Mail and proceed to Boston by 
Wednesday night. 



246 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Altbo this Plan may not be fully executed in the Winter 
time, yet the advantage that may result from it two thirds 
of y e year or more, makes it expedient to adopt it, especially 
while the Eastern part of y e State is invaded by the Enemy. 

You are therefore directed to apply to the Post Master 

General for this purpose, & to use Your influence with him 

to have it carried into effect as soon as may be 

Signed by the 

President 
To the Delegates at Congress who represent 

this State — ■ 



Petition of Alex r Campbell & Others. 

To the Honorable Council & house of Representatives in 
General Court Assembled at Boston May 1 1780 

the Petition of the Subscribers Humbly Shews 
that in consequence of the Enemys having Possession at 
Penobscot in the Easterly part of this State it is become a 
Xecessary measure that a Number of Troops Should be Rais d 
lor the Purpose of Defending the Country Between Casko & 
said Penobscot in Order to prevent the further Encrochments, 
of the Enemy this Being the Present Disposition of affairs in 
that Quarter, your Petitioners are of Opinion, in Order to 
faciltate the good intentions of your Honours that if Weekly 
intelegance Could be Obtain* 1 , to and from head Quarters of 
that Department By Land it might Serve many Valluable 
Purposes for the Benfit of the Country, and the good of the 
Publick Service 

Wherefore your Petitioners Humbly Prays your Honours 
may Take the matter into your Serious Consideration, and 
grant that a Post may be Establish* 1 from Boston, to Thomas 



oi' tiii: STATE OB maim-: 2 17 

Town in the ( lounty of Lincoln, for the Purposes Above men- 
tioned, under Such Restrictions and Regulations as yon in 
your known Wisdom Shall think Besl 
& your Petitioners as in Duty bound Shall Ever Pray 

Aheil Love joy 
Alex* Campbell Waterman Thomas Andrew McFarlane 



Voyage About Eclipse of Sun. 

M r Savage's very respectfull Complyments to the Rev d M r 
Williams and requests he would add to the List on the other 
side, what other Articles he may think necessary for himself 
and Gentlemen going with him to Penobscot, that they may 
be provided, — he also wishes to have the Accts as soon as may 
be — Thursday Xoon. 

since writing the above I have borrowed One Tent, and As 
a substitute for a Marquee, a large Mansail will be sent in 
the Vessell, which will answer every purpose 

Mr. Williams's Compliments to Mr. Savage, is much 
obliged to him for the attention he pays to the convenience of 
the Gentlemen who are going to Penobscot. — Mr. Williams 
has made a few alterations in the list of articles; hopes Mr 
Savage will excuse the trouble we give him and is with the 
greatest respect his most obedient humble Servant 

A List of Articles that will be necessary in addition to the 
Common allowance on board a Vessell 

20- 1 /. Quarter Cask Wine Some addition, 20-15 Gallons 
Spirits, Some addition, 5 Pounds Tea Some addition & a 
few pounds of Coffee, 10 lb Chocolate. Q bar 1 • L . Hundred 
Sugar, 1 Loaf Ditto One more, 2 Barrells Biscuil shall send 
3 Barrells Some addition, ('» Hams Haeon shall send 1. and 
to it add half Barrells Beef, eorn'd and a small quantity 



248 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

fresh, 50 Ib Butter 30 Ib Chese, 1 or 2 Barrells Cyder — shall 
send 2, y 2 Hundred Flour, 12 lb Candles — shall send 18 e , 
Few Doz n live Fowls — shall send six Dozen, D° Eggs shall 
send 8 or 10 Dozen, Pepper, Vinegar, Mustard, Salt 
(shall put up Y2 W pepper, 2 Gal s Vinegar, 2 bottles Mustard 
& Yo bushel Salt), Small quantity Potatoes shall send 3 or 4 
Bushels We have also added : it being thot necessary 1^ 
doz Earthen plates, 2 pewter Dishes, 1 doz knives & forks, 1 
quart pewter Bason, 2 Quart and 2 pint white Stone Mugs, 

1 doz Wine Glasses, 4 Tumblers, 1 doz Coffee Mugs, 1 Tea- 
pott, 1 Coffee Pott tin, Medicines — 8 Tinct s 8 Cathar 1 and 

2 oz Elix r props 1 , 14 Bushel of Onions, 4 W Coffee — Ground, 

3 bush 1 Corn, 2 Bushels of Apples 3 Doz Pipes, 1 Doz. lb. of 
Tobacco, 2 quire writing paper, 1 Tent 

Superscription — Rev d M r Williams Harvard Colledge 



Statement of Lemuel Dillingham. 

this May Sertify that as I Lemuel dilinham of Bristol Being 
apointed an Elder in the meeteing of frends in this Place 
am Senceabel that the Ciracter of our friend Nathaniel Pal- 
mer Stands good and gives Satisfaction to all the members 
of S d Meeting and giveing none a Reason to Suspect he is an 
Enemy to our Cuntry yet utterly Refuseing all war on any 
occation Lemuel Dillingham 



Peter Noyes to Hon. Jeremiah Powell;, Esq r . 

Falmouth May 2 d 1780 
Sir. 

agreable to a Resolve of the General Court of y e 25 th of 

March 1780 I have made a Demand for the delivery of the 



OV THE STATE OP MAINE 2V.) 

Articles saved from the wreck mentioned in said Resolve from 
the following Persons Viz* Mess. Stephen Hall Joseph 
Maclallen William Maclallen Arthur Maclallen Benjamin 
Titcomh, Daniel Ilsley John Fox John Archer John Trent 
Nathaniel Bearing Joseph Ingraham Roberl Barten Thomas 
Cummings Thomas Stanford James Fosdick & Woodbury 
Storer. although they acknowledge the receiving the articles 
saved from said wreck do refuse to deliver any of said articles 
I am Sir your Honours most obedient & Humble Servant 

Peter Noyes 
To the Honorable Jeremiah Powel Esq 
President of the Council 

In Council May 5 — 1780 
Read & Sent down 

John Avery D Secy. 

In the House of Representatives May 5 1780 

Read & referred to the Honorable Council to take such 
Order thereon as they shall judge proper 

And the Council are hereby impowerd to cause the Persons 
therein named to be apprehened and confined, until they 
shall comply with the Resolve of Court above referrd to 
Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 

In Council May 5th 1780 
Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Secy 

Consented to — 

Jere Powell J. Fisher Aaron Wood 

A Ward T Danielson Sam Niles 

T Cushing O. Prescott Jn° Pitts 

B White X. Cushing A Fuller 

S Adams Tho s Durfee 



250 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petition of Patrick Wallance. 

To the Honorable Council of the State of the Massachusetts 
Bay 

The Petition of Patrick Vallence Most humbly sheweth, 
that vour Petitioner has Reic d no Answer to a Petition that 
he sent to your Honors, the 20 th of April — sence then he 
understands there is a Cartel from Penobscot, he therefore 
Prayes your Honers would be Pleas'd to order your Peti- 
tioner on Board of the said Cartel, that he may be abale to 
Return to Halifax to Render an account of his Conduct. 

and your Petitioner as in Duty Bound will eYer pray 

Patrick Vallance 
May the 3 d 1780 

In Council May 3 d 1780 

Read & Ordered — That John Hopkins Esq 1 " D y Commis- 
sary of Prisoners be and hereby is directed to send Capt. 
Patrick Vallence late Comander of a Cartel from Halifax 
which was cast away at Cape Elizabeth on Board the Cartel 
from Penobscot and not to suffer him to come on Shore by 
any means again and to see that he carries no Letters or 
Papers that shall be detrimental to this or the United States 
Attest Jn° Avery D Secy 



Resolve Relating to Delivery of Stores. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives May 3, 1780 
Whereas this Court did by their Resolve of the 29 l of 
April recommend to the Continental Dep y Quarter Master 
and issuing Commissary in this Department to make the 
necessary supplys for the eight hundred Men rais d for the 
defence of the Eastern Country agreable to the Resolution 
of Congress for that purpose and did further recommend to 



OF Till: STATE OF MAIM-: 



251 



S d Quater Master & Commissary to appoint each of them a 
deputy ;it Falmouth bui ;is pari of >'' eighl hundred .Men are 
to be quater' 1 at Cambden «V Marinas Therefore Resolved 
that it be recommended and it is hereby accordingly recom- 
mended to the Continental Dep 7 , Quater Master and Com- 
missary to appoint each of them a deputy at Cambden and 
Macliias to make the necessary delivery of the stores sent to 
those places 
Scut up for Concurrence 



John Hancock Spk r 



In Council May 3 d 1780 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery 
Consented to — 

Jer Powell 



D Scc y 



A. Ward 
J Fisher 
H Gardner 
D Davis 



B White 
T Daniel son 
J Stone 
A. Fuller 

N. Cushing 



Tho" Durfee 

Oliver Prescott 
Sam 1 Xiles 

Aaron Wood 
Jn° Pitts 



Sir 



M r Com?n y Noyes Letter, 



Falmouth May 3 d 1780 



I have Purchased 200 bushels Rye & two hundred bushels 
Corn which will last the Troops after they are all in four 
Weeks I have laid all the money out I reeved from the 
Bord War. I should be glad you would Git me a Receipt 
from the Treasurer on George Si rout Collector of Cape Eliza- 
beth for two thousand five Hundred Pound & another on 
James Frost Collector of Falmouth for the Balance Due 
from hi in to the Treasurer I should bo glad you would send 
what beef you purpose to send to this post by Capt Gooding 
this time as I shall send him another way next Trip General 



252 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Wadsworth has orderd me to send for or Procure half Tun 

Junck 4 Reams Musket Cartridge Paper 4 Horn Lanthorns 

one Ladle for 32 pounder & Candles for the use of this post 

two Grindstones & some Carpenters Tools the above articles 

are not to be procured here I am sir your most Humble 

Servant 

Joseph Noyes 

To Samuel P. Savage Esq r President of the Bord War 



Petition of the Proprietors of the Town of Fryeburgh. 

at a Legale Meeting of the Proprietors of the Township of 
Fryeburg held at the Dwelling House of M r Ezekiel Walker 
on Wednesday the third day of May 1780 

2 ly L l Richard Kimball, David Page Esq r & L* Isaac 

Walker, were Chose a Committee to prefer a petition to the 

Generall Court, for an Act, to Enable said Proprietors to 

Raise Money to Defraye their Proprietary Charges 

A True Coppy attest : 

Moses Ames prop rs Clerk 

To the Honorable the General Court of the State of the 
Massachusetts Bay assembled May 3P 1780 

The Petition of the Proprietors of the Town of Fryeburg 
humbly sheweth — That your Petitioners were at great Ex- 
pence in looking out by various Routs, for a Road to said 
Township, and in clearing for more than Fifty Miles to 
enable them to pursue the Settlement of the same; also for 
laying out their Land, and making Roads in the Town, to- 
gether with other Proprietary Charges, all which Accounts 
continue to be unsettled to the Damage of many Individuals : 
that they will be necessarily put to a farther Expence to com- 
pleat the Division of the Land in the Town : And as the Laws 
of this State are ineffectual to raise Money for the Purposes 



OF i li i: STATE OF MAINE 2 53 

of defrcvihi: their Charges, with th;it Convenience which the 
\;itnre of their All'airs require; therefore pray thai your 
Honors would take the Mutter into your wise Consideration, 
and make a Law to enable the Proprietors of Fryeburg to 
raise such Sums of Money as they shall think necessary to 
defrcy the Charges thai have risen or may arise in Order to 
compleal their Propprietary All'airs in the most feasi hie Man- 
ner, and your Petitioners as in Duty hound shall ever pray 
Richard Kimball Isaac Walker David Pagej-Coni lee 



Order of Board of War. 

War Office, Boston, May L780 
Cap' dn n V. Williams 

Sir/ The Ship Protector of which yon are Commander. 
being now compleatly fitted \- equiped, it is our Orders that 
yon proceed to Sea immediately, firsl running down the 
Eastern Coasts of this State & clearing the Same of any 
Armed Yessells that may he infesting them — from thence 
inn off to the South Easl to the Latitude 38 & 39, which we 
apprehend will he in the track of Vessels hound from Europe 
to New York or Carolina & there Cruize Seven Days — then 
Steer to the N. E. endeavouring to make Cape Race in New- 
foundland, which Cape we imagine most of the Vessels bound 
from England to Canada always endeavour to make — then 
Stand off to the Southward of the Banks & there Cruize for 
the space of twenty Days — after the expiration of that time 
you are to return to the Westward & revisit the Eastern 
( oasts of this State, where you may act as circumstances may 
require for the space of Days — then again run off to the 
Southward in the track of the Wesl India Vessels homeward 
hound v.V there we flatter ourselves you will be able to make up 
a successfull Cruize — upon your return home you are to pay 



254 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

another Visit to the Eastern Coasts & give every attention to 
the Protection & Security of the General Trade of this State 

— In these several Stations you are to use your best & utmost 
endeavours to take, burn, sink & destroy all armed & other 
Vessels with their Cargoes the Property of the Subjects of 
the King of Great Britain, Enemies to these Sovereign & 
Independant United States & to the Natural Rights of Man- 
kind — Should you be so fortunate as to make any Captures 
you are to send them under proper Prize Masters into this 
or some other safe Port in the United States, from whence 
the earliest notice is to be given this Board by Express — 
You will bring or send in all the Prisoners you may take, as 
shall be practicable, in order to their being exchanged for our 
suffering Brethren in the hands of the Enemy — You are 
to be extreemly cautious not to molest the Navigation of the 
Subjects of our good Ally the King of France, or other 
Powers in Amity with these States — but in everything 
strictly to conform your self to the good & wholesome Pecu- 
lations of Congress, for that purpose made & provided — Be 
carefull to send us all the necessary Papers, by each and 
every Prize you may make — We heartily wish you Success 
& are Sir/ 

Your Friends &c By Order of the Board 

John Browne Pres* P Tern 

N. B. You are to take under your Convoy the Schooner 
Two Friends Jonas Farnsworth Master, loaded with Pro- 
visions & Military Stores for the use of the Garrison & 
Troops at Machias and see her safe off that Place — 

I acknowledge the foregoing to be a true Copy of my 
Orders received from the Board of War and Promise to 
Govern myself accordingly 

Jn° F Williams 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 255 

James Richardson s Letter. 

Boston May 4 th 1780 
Hon We Gentlemen 

I have this day Rec d a Resolve of the Eon Me Gen 1 Court of 
yesterdays date, recommending the appointmenl of an A C 
Issues at Campden & another a1 Machias, I could wish that 
the I Ion 1 ' 1 " Hoard of War would direct that I may be furnished 
with the Resolve of the 29 th [Jit. it being necessary that T 
should have thai also, & any other [instructions respecting the 
future supplies of these Posts will be thankfully acknowl- 
edged by their very respectful & most Obed 1 Hble Serv* 

Ja Richardson D C G Issues 

P.S. The Hon bl ° Board will he pleased to recommend such 
Persons as they may judge suitable for Commissaries at the 
above Posts & they shall be immediately appointed 
J Richardson 

The Hon ble Board of War 



Resolve in favor of Waterman Thomas. 

State of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives May 4 1780 
The Committee Apointed To Settle With Waterman 
Thomas Esq 1 ' purchasing and Issuing Commissary and 
Quartermaster to the Troops Doing Duty at Cambden (Be- 
fore the Troops Destined for the penohscot Expedition were 
a rived at That post) and also for the Troops Doing Duty 
then 1 after the Defeal of the penohscot Expedition and to 
major Lithgows Detachment until! y° first Pay of November 
Last All which it Set forth in his memorial Have at- 
tended that Servis and Having Carefully Examined the 
Several accounts all which apear to be Reasonable charges 



256 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and well Supported with proper Vouchers and there apears 
to be Due to the Said Waterman Thomas Esq 1 " Thirty Two 
Thousand four Hundred and forty Nine pounds 15/.2 to 
Ballance his Accounts — and ask Leave to Report the follow- 
ing Resolve — 

Resolved that the Board of War be and Hereby are 
Directed To pay to Waterman Thomas Esq 1 " Thirty Two 
Thousand four Hundred and forty Nine pounds fifteen shil- 
lings and Two pence in full for his Ballance as aforesaid 
Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council May 4 l 1780 
Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Sec y 
Consented to — 

Jer Powell II Gardner Aaron Wood 

A. Ward T Danielson I > White 

T Gushing Oliver Prescott Sam 1 JNTiles 

S Adams N Gushing A. Fuller 

J Fisher Tho s Durfee Jn° Pitts 



Resolve Relating to Abatement of Taxes. 

State of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives May 4, 1780 

On the Petition of the Several Towns in the County of 
Lincoln praying for an abatement of a part of their Taxes — 

Resolved that Fifteen Thousand Pounds be abated ; upon 
each of the Taxes order'd to be assest since the first day of 
September 1779 ; and that the Several Towns be directed to 
meet together by there Agents, whose business it Shall be to 
abate the aft'oresaid Fifteen Thousand Pounds from the 
Several Towns in the County of Lincoln as they Shall Judge 



OF THE STATE OP .MAIM. 



l'.-.T 



equal and Jus1 and also thai the Said agents be directed to 
make a return of the Sum thai each Town Shall be so abated 
to the Treasurer of this State as soon as may be 
Scut up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council May :."' 1780 
Read & ( Joncurred 

John Avery D Sec'y 

( lonsented to — 

J ere Powell II Gardner Aaron Wood 

A. Ward T. Danielson B. White 

T. dishing Oliver Prescott Sam Xiles 

S Adams N". Cushing Jn° Pitts 

J Fisher Tho 8 Durfee A. Fuller 



Memorial of Waterman Thomas. 

To the Hon ble Council and the Hon ble House 
of Representatives of s d State 

Memoral of Waterman Thomas Humbly Sheweth Your 
Memorialist would Represent to your Hon rs that he has 
applied to the Hoard of War for the ballance of his Accompts 
which being, Thirty two Thousand four hundred & fifty 
Nine pounds 1.5/2 Agreeable to a Resolve Passed the House 
the J" 1 Instant ; 

Your Memorialist, being Informed by the President of the 
Board of War thai it was out of his Power to Comply with 
said Resolve, unless your Hon™ woud granl an Order on the 
Treasurer, for the Sum above Mentioned, Wherefore your 
.Memorialist, prays thai your Hon™ would make said Grant, 
that your Memorialist may Receive his Ballance which has 
been Due more than Six Months and is Detained hear at a 



17 



250 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

great expence, wherefore your Memorialist prays that your 
Hon rs would grant your Memorialist prayers and as in Duty 
bound shall ever pray &c Waterman Thomas 

Boston May 5 th 1780 

Resolve on Petition of Jeremiah Powell. 

State of the Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives May 5 th 1780 

on the Petition of the Hon ble Jerem h Powell Esq r on Be- 
half of the County of Cumberland Representing the Inability 
of the Inhabitants of Said Count v Paving their State Tax 
at Present 

Therefore Resolved that the Treas r of this State be and 
he hereby is Directed to Stay Execution against the Col- 
lectors in the Several Towns in the County of Cumberland 
on the Said Tax untill A the Further Order of the General 
Court may Resolve to the Contrary Notwithstanding 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 

In Council May 5, 1780 

Read & Concurred with an Amendment at A viz at A dele 

the further Order of the General Court — and insert the 

twentieth day of June next — 

Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery D Sec'y. 

In the House of Representatives May 5 th 1780 

Read & concurred John Hancock Spk r 

Consented to — 

A. Ward D. Davis Sam Niles 

T. dishing H. Gardner Aaron Wood 

S. Adams J Fisher J no Pitts 

T. Danielson B. White 

0. Prescott A. Fuller 



<>l' THE STATE OP MAINE 259 

Resolve in favor of Waterman Thomas. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives May 5, 1780 

Whereas this Court l>y their Resolve of the fourth instant 

<liil direct the Board of War to pay to Waterman Thomas 

Esq thirty two thousand four hundred and fifty nine pounds 

fifteen shillings and two pence in full for sundrys supply' 1 

by him to the Army when upon the Penobscot Expedition 

Therefore Resolved thai there be allow'd and paid out of 

the Publick Treasury To the Hoard of War the sum of thirty 

two thousand four hundred and fifty nine pounds fifteen 

shillings and two pence to enable them to pay the aforesaid 

Waterman Thomas Esq r agreeable to the Resolve of the fourth 

instant for that purpose 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council May 5 17S0 

Read & Concurred 

Sam! Adams Sec y 

Warrant drawn this Day 

Consented to 

Jere Powell II. Gardner 13. White 

A. Ward T Danielson Sam Niles 

T dishing Prescott Jno Pitts 

S Adams X Cushing Aaron Wood 

J Fisher Thos. Durfee A Fuller 



Representation of Join) McHoff — a Sailor. 

These Certify that John BfcGoff late a Seaman on board 
the arm'd Brig 1 Tyrranicide in the Service of this State, and 



260 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

who lost his left leg the 30 th of March 1779 in an Engage- 
ment, with the Enenrvs Brig* Revenge — 

Allen Hallet Cap 1 
Boston 27 th Septm r 1779 

The above is a true Copy from the Original 

attest Jn° Lucas 

Com sry of Pensioners for this State of Massachusetts bay 

To the Hon ble Council & House Representatives 

John Lucas, In behalf of John M c Goff, a Seaman, in the 

Service & pay of this State, & who lost his left leg, on board 

the Brig 1 Tyrranicide when Ingaged with the enemys Brig* 

Revenge, the 30, March 1779, as Appears by his Certificate, 

as this Representation was maid y e 20 th Oct r last with, y e 

original Certificates you have only an Attested Copy 

Pension Office at Boston 8 th of May 1780 

John Lucas 

Com sry of Pensioners for the State of Massachusetts Bay 

N". B. his pay seac d the 30 th of April 1779 

In Council June 19, 1780 
Read & Sent down 

John Avery D Secy 



Memorial of Major Scarborough Gridley — 

To the Hon'ble Council of the State of Massachusetts Bay 
The Memorial of Scarboro Gridley Humbly Shows 

That your Memoriallist in consequence of his appointment 
as Engineer to erect suitable Works for the purpose of de- 
fence at Falmouth ; Your Memoriallist stands ready to execute 
said Commission, and is Anxious to proceed on said busi- 
ness immediately; but as he is in want of a few Necessarys, 
begs the Honorable Council to furnish him with Money to 
defray his Expences ; An order on the Dep y Q M Gen 1 



OF i I IK STATE OF MAINE 26 1 

for a Horse, Smile \- liridlc; An order mi Uk; Hon'ble Board 
of War for 1 p r Moots 1 Hatt :5 p r thread Btockinga 1 
p r Leather Breeches '< : " !i Mrown Holland Vour Memorial- 
list being Lntirely destitute, Nol having been allow'd to draw- 
Clothing as the Officers of the Line; All which your 
Memoriallist expects to be Accountable for at the making up 
the Depreciation. 

And as in Duty Bound shall ever pray — 

Scarboro Gridley 

In Council May 9 th 1780 

Read & Ordered — That it he & it is hereby recommended 
to Col Tho s Chase D. Q. M. G. to furnish Major Scarborough 
Gridley with a Horse Saddle & Bridle who is appointed 
Engineer to erect suitable Works for the Defence of Fal- 
mouth 

Attest Jn° Avery D Secy 

In Council May 9* 1780 

Ordered that the Board of War be & they hereby are 
directed to deliver Major Scarborough Gridley one pair of 
Boots, one Hatt, three pair thread Stockings, one pair of 
Leather Breeches <!v five yards Brown Holland — he to be 
accountable for the same — Said Gridley being appointed 
Engineer to erect suitable Works for the Defence of Fal- 
mouth 

Attest John Avery D Secy 

In Council May 9\ 1780 

Ordered — that a Warrant be drawn on the Treasury for 
£500 in fav r of Major Scarborough Gridley to enable him to 
pay his Expences to falmouth on Casco May — he to be acc ble 
for the same 

Attest Jn° Avery D Secy 



262 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Instructions to U Col Scar: Gridley. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber May 10. 1780 
Sir 

You being appointed by the Council of this State an En- 
gineer to oversee the repairing or erecting at Falmouth in 
the County of Cumberland such works for the defence of 
that place as shall be Judged necessary by the Commanding 
officer in that Department. You will therefore without loss 
of time repair to Falmouth aforesaid and there lay out and 
oversee the erecting of such works as Brigadeer General 
Wadsworth shall think best calculated for the defence of that 
important Post. You will from time to time receive and 
follow such orders and directions as Brigadeer General 
Wadsworth shall give you respecting the business in your 
Department. You will apply to the Commanding Officer 
there for such men for fatigue as may be necessary for the 
effecting this business, and also for such Intrenching tools 
as may be requisite for the carrying on and compleating the 
same. You will loose no time in prosecuting this Business, 
as it is of importance that those Works should be put into a 
defensible State as quick as Possible. 
Lie 1 Colo Scarborough Gridley 

In the name and behalf of the Council President 



Representation of John Lucas in behalf of William Hubbard. 

State of Mass" 3 Bay 

Council Chamber May 10 th 1780 

On the Representation of John Lucas Commissary of Pen- 
sioners in behalf of William Hubbard Mariner on Board 
the Continental Frigate Warren and who was wounded in 
the Knee by a Musket Ball in the Action at Penobscot by 



OB THE STATE OF maim: 20.°> 

which he has lost the Use of his Knee as appears by his 
Certificates and rendered unfit for Service Ordered — that 
William Elubbard is Lntitled to half pay as a Pensioner to 
( !ommence from _'' Septemb' 1 779 

Attest .Tn" Avcrv I) Secy 

Xavv Hoard Kast" I tepartm 1 

Boston May 5 th 1780 

This certifies thai William Hubbard was a Marine on 

Board the Ship Warren on the Expedition to Penobscol as 

appears by the Ships Pay roll returned into this office and 

the Xavv Hoard are Informed that he there lost his leg — 

or the use of it — I. Warren for the Board 

To the Hon We Council, 

-John Lucas, in behalf of William Hubbard, a Marein, on 
board the ( 'oiitinental Frigate Warren, and who was wounded 
in the Knee by a Musket ball in the Action at Penobscott, 
by w' 1 ' he has lost the Use of his Knee, as appears by his 
Certificates and begs the Provision as the law in this Case 
makes proper. 
Pension Office at Boston 8 th May 1780 

John Lucas Com sry of Continental Pensioners 

These Certifie that William Hubbard a Marine on Board 
the Warren Frigate was wounded thr° the Knee by a Musket 
Ball at the Action at Bagaduce by which he has Lost the Use 
of his Legg Jos Gardner Searg* 

Boston May 9 1780 

To the Hon ble Council, 

John Lucas, Com sry of Pensioners hav 8 rec d a Report of 
10 th Instant in Favour of W m Hubbard, whose pay is to 
Comence from s d tenth Instant. Whereas, by a Resolve of 
the Hon ble the Continental Congress of 20 th Augst 1776, 
also that of 25 th of Septm* 1778, makes provision that amy 
Person, who, shall receive any disability & shall be the sub- 



264 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ject to a Pension s d Pension shall Comence from the Day 
his pay eeaseth to be paid as a soldier or an officer — Agreable 
to this this State Have made the Same Provision, by a Law, 
dated 14 th of Angst 1777 
Pension Office at Boston 11 th of May 1780 

John Lncas Com sry of Pensoners 



Abiel Vt'oods Petition. 

State of Massachusetts bay 

To the Hon ble the Council of said State, 

Abiel Wood of Pownalborongh in the County of Lincoln 
Merchant humbly Shews — that in the ordinary course of 
business he had a large property in Liverpool in Xova Scotia 
which the circumstances of the war have entirely prevented 
his coming to the possession of, & rendered it to him alto- 
gether useless, humbly conceiving that the Government of 
this State will indulge their Subjects with every security in 
their power to recover their interest from the hands and 
improvement of the Subjects of that power with which this 
State is at War — he begs leave humbly to request that your 
Honors wou'd grant him Liberty to go to Xova Scotia & 
bring his property which is now there to some part of this 
State, by such ways and means as may be in his power & he 
as in Duty bound shall ever pray Abiel Wood 

State of Mass" 3 Bay 

Council Chamber May 13 th 1780 

On the Petition of Abiel Wood praying for Liberty to go 
to Xova Scotia for the purpose of bringing his Property 
from thence into this State — Ordered that the Prayer of 
this Petition be granted and that Abiel Wood be and hereby 
is permitted to go to Xova Scotia to transact the Business 
mentioned in his Petition and to return into this State with- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 265 

in the Term of four Months in such way as he shall think 
best — he giving Bond in the penal Sum of five thousand 
Pounds to the Treasurer of this State that he will not carry 
with him Goods of any kind or Provisions more than neces- 
sary for his Voyage to Nova Scotia — And all commanders of 
Armed Vessels belonging to this State are hereby directed 
not to molest the Said Wood when returning from Xova 
Scotia to this State with the Effects he may bring with him 
belonging to him and all Commanders of Armed Vessels lie- 
longing to any of the United Stales are hereby requested not 
to interrupt or molest the Said Wood returning from Nova 
Scotia into this State aforesaid provided that this Order shall 
not be any Protection to said Wood for more than once re- 
turning from Xova Scotia aforesaid — 

Attest Jn° Avery D Secy 

Board of War to Gen 1 Wadsworih. 

War Office Boston May 15 th 17S0 
Sir 

Agreable to the order of Government for that purpose this 

Board have shipt on board the Sloop Swan Step: YVaite 

Mast 1 " 2 Eighteen pounders & 3 four pound Cannon with 

Carriages & other Apparatus Compleat as p Schedule inclos'd 

which we wish safe to hand & are Your Hble Servant 

E. Johnson P P T p ord r 

Gen 1 Wadsworth, or in his absence, to the Officer Command 

at Falm Casco Bay 

J Allan to IIon b Jeremiah I'owell Esq r . 

Machias May 15 th 1780 
Sir 

I am happy to have the Honor to Acquaint the Hon'ble 

Board that a great Part of the Supplys ordered by the Court 



266 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

has arrived — those under Convoy of the Protector arrived 
in the River in four Days & is now unloading, — This 
naturally raises our Spirits at present, tho' a Gloom over our 
minds for fear of some Deserter, as there is no Troops 
arrived, The Provision appears very well Calculated for 
the Indian Service, but the other supplys is almost Useless 
being such that an Indian would not take them, but in the 
greatest distress, — 

I am Certain the Hon'ble Court has taken great Trouble 
in geting matters properly arranged & do not by any means 
Complain there, but if no other supplys Can be furnished for 
the Indians, and the great Encouragement offered by the 
Enemy, I have little hopes of making them so far Servicable, 
as to Answer the great Expence which will arise in furnish- 
ing them with Provision & Ammunition, — the Promises I 
have made them is great, and their Expectations much raised. 

There is many Evils which arises, which I have often 
Mentioned in not having supplies regularly laid in, both in 
regard to keeping the Indians, as well as Profitable to the 
States — my reason of sending Colonel Campbell last fall was 
to remedy this ■ — when such Short Supplys arrives, they Can- 
not be Sufficiently furnished, for by the Time every one gits 
a small part it is gone, — Besides several payments, Wages, 
Primiums &c Takes up a great part, after which they will 
Steal their Trade, and such a dumber of Petty Traders 
about Taking every Advantage, the whole of their Peltry 
goes that way, Particularly when there is Rum, all which 
Deprives me of Collecting a Quantity of Furs, which might 
Turn to great Advantage to Government, There is no reason- 
ing with them to Delay, & if the Supplys is not present at 
the Critical Minute, the whole is lost for that season — If 
there had been a Supply of Rum arrived here in Time I 
intended to have put it into the hands of a person Uncon- 



OF THE STATE OF MAIM. _'<'., 

ncctcd with the Service to sell them, as they woud sooner 
give 4 W Beaver for a quort of Rum by Stealth, then Two 
Gallons openly from the Truck House — and when they h 
nothing to give I am forced to supply them to prevenl any 
Connect inns with the Knemv -The Ilon'hle Court will 
please to Take Notice of this & if Possible to have these 
things Uemved I shall he at a great loss how to peace 
them, at our Conference when 1 engage them in the Service 
for this Year, — they will Surely expect the Presents & 
Primiums Customary. Cloth for (oats Blankets & Leggens 
must be sent. 

Sence my last, we have had a Variety of Movements 
among the Indians — Several Canadians & Indians have 
Come thro" from Canada and not knowing their Numbers or 
Intentions has Occationed much Commotion & fear among 
the familys, I have a Number out Scouting & Spys at dif- 
ferent Parts to find out the Certainty — by the Scarcity of 
Provisions & the Desire our Indians had of being togeather, 
I Consented to have the randavous at Passamequody for the 
Grand Council the last of this Month, Captain Preble is 
there with them, as I thought it not prudent to leave this 
place in so Defenceless a Situation, as the Enemy were so 
Bent upon its distruction — the last Advice there was 
seventy Canoes — I allso sent a Belt of Wampum to all the 
Mecmacks, Madawasqua & as far as the confines of Canada, 
Desiring all Denominations to Attend in Peace at the Con- 
ference, I shall sett of for the purpose the 25 th of this Month. 

I shoud have been happy if 100 men more had been granted 
for this Part, with a Larger Latitude to extend towards S l 
Johns, as Excursions that way & having Tempory Posts 
fixed between us, woud prevent the great Advantages which 
the Enemy may reap by the Lumber Trade on that River & 
other Matters, as allso woud prevent the Indians having any 



268 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Connection & keeping them in Awe without doing Damage 
to the Inhabitants. 

I informed the Court in a former letter of my taking upon 
myself to raise a Company of Rangers from among the Dif- 
ferent Settlements, westward to be then Stationed to the l 8t 
May — I Judged this to be Xecessary from the great Progress, 
the Enemys Emmesarys among us had made, in Encouraging 
the Weak & Credilous to fall in with the proposials of the 
British Commanders — I am happy to inform the Court it 
took Effect beyound my Sanguine Expectations & tho' I 
Cou'd not put them upon So respectable footing as I Coud 
Wish- — -the Constant Exertion used & keeping up Expresses 
backwards and forwards, the Enemy has not Dared to make 
any Attempt which was first Intended, nor Can I learn that 
there has been any further Connections with them Eastward 
of Union River — 

Millican & Johnson which I Took Prisoners found Means 
to escape, our want of Provisions- — & not having men to 
keep a proper Guard over such Persons, Induced me to Allow 
them to keep at a Private House on Parole under my own Eye 
— But by the Assistance of some persons, went of in the 
Xight took a Boat & Got Clear, notwithstanding every pos- 
sible meathod was pursued to retake Them. 

From the Different reports prevailing of the Enemys In- 
tention on this place, I thought it Necessary to Picket in our 
little Fort, & Accordingly the whole Officers & others sett to 
work & Compleated it, in a Manner that woud make it Diffi- 
cult to surprise, if but 50 Men to Defend it — at present we 
have about 20 of all Denominations, which are Divided in 
Two Guards, which has done Duty Alternately for this 5 
Weeks — 

In the Resolves I perceive no mention made of the little 
Corps of Artillery I have Continued from Time to Time in 



OF THE STATE OE MAIM: 269 

the Service under Lieul A I bee, to A - s i - 1 in the [ndian busi- 
ness. It is highly Xccosstirv they shoud l>c Continued and 
as there is several who have been faithfull & persevered 
thro' many Difficultys — Imusl earnestly requesl the Hon'ble 
Courl will please to order them some doathing & other 
Necessarys, which may be allowed other Troops in the Con 
tiiieni My own [nability to help them, & the poverty of the 
poor fellows, Occations my forwardness to request, which 
I flatter myself will appologize for the Liberty I take 

The plan formed for the Security <>!' the Eastern County. 
and the Power given to Gen 1 Wadsworth, I flatter myself 
(with Suitable Exertions) will prevent the Enemy from 
gaining any further Advantage — & must pray the Liberty 
to make my Gratefull Acknowledgements to the Ilon'hle 
Court for the Honor Confered on me in Continuing me in 
the Employ — tho' T should he much more happy if the Times 
& other Service of my Country woud permit me to retire to 
Private life 

I shall not Trouble the Honhle Board further at this Time, 
only to pray them to give orders about the Indians Goods 
being sent, — 

The Bearer M r Parker will Communicate any further 
which may be inquired He came from Captivity some time 
ago & has Continued here — being very usefull during the 
winter 

I have the Honor to Be Sir yr Very Tib Ser 1 
with Respect J. Allan 

Hon 1 Jeremiah Powell Esq 1- 

Instructions to Lieu 1 Ethan Moore. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber May 15 L780 
To Lie' Ethan Moore You being appointed by the Coun- 



270 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

cil of this State A Recruiting Officer to raise twenty 
Matrosses & to take the command of the same and to do duty 
in Falmouth in the County of Cumberland or anywhere 
within this State to be annexed to the Company under the 
Command of Captain Amos Lincoln & upon the same Estab- 
lishment. You will therefore make no delay in repairing to 
Falmouth aforesaid and use your best endeavours to Inlist 
in the County of Cumberland the Matrosses aforesaid to 
Serve for the term of three years unless sooner discharged. 
Upon your ariving at Falmouth aforesaid you will acquaint 
Brigadeer General Wadsworth of your arival and Inform him 
of the instructions you have Received. You will then con- 
sider yourself as under the command of General Wadsworth 
till further orders from the General Court or Council, You 
will be peculiarly attentive to the disaplineing your men upon 
their Inlisting that you may be in a capasity in case of an 
attack to render essential Service to your Country. All Such 
men as you shall inlist you will cause to be mustered before 
the muster master in the County of Cumberland and such 
men as he shall muster for your Corps will be entitled to re- 
ceive the sum of Thirty Pounds Bounty you will as soon 
as may be after they are mustered make return of them to 
the Council producing the muster masters Certificate that 
they have been so mustered by him that they may be paid 
their bounty & you receive your Commission 

Attest Jn° Avery D Secy 

Petition of Alexander Campbell. 

To the Honorable Council of the State of Massachusetts Bay 

Boston May 16 th 1780 
The Petition of Alex r Campbell Humbly Sheweth That 
it is with the utmost Reluctance I feel myself constrain 3 , to 
attempt any Further application, to your Honours, on a 



OF THE STATE <>!■' MAINE 271 

Matter the Particular Circumstances of which, your Honours 
arc ho fully Acquiented with — I have Endavour d with can- 
dor to state my Real Scituation, to almosl Evry Gentlmau 
at the Honorable Bord and as I ever wish to conducl myself 
so as to merit your Honors Approbation. Nothing is More 
Disagreeable to your Petitioner then his Being under the 
Necessity of such an Alternative. And only Legs Leave to 
Observe to your Honours, that I have an Opertunity of a 
Passage to Machias the Lust of this Week, and as T am 
Sensable I am wanted there, and Possably may Be useful], 
and here at present wholly inactive, accumaltated Expences 
Arrising from Day to Day, and a Large family Who Xeed 
my Asistance Wherefore your Petitioner Humbly prays 
your Honours may Take his Peculiar Case under your fur- 
ther and wise Consideration & point out some meathod where- 
by your Petitioner may Be Supply' d with Such a Sum of 
mony as will Answer his Present Purposs I have Borrow d 
mony in this Town, which T Cannot with Honour & Justice 
Leave without Discharging — and to Tarry untill the General 
Assembly Sits will Occation an aditional Expense, and Ex- 
tremly Detrimental to your Petitioner, and further prays 
that the Consideration of the Petitioners ( lircumstances may 
in some measure Appoligize for his Repeated Application 
on this Occation vV as in Duty Hound Shall Pray 

Alex 1 ' Campbell Agent for Col Allan 

In Council May 16* 1780 

Read & Ordered — That a Warrant be drawn on the 
Treasury for £3000 in fav' L' Col" Alexander Campbell 
agent to Col" Allen as appears by Col Allen's Letters and 
sundry Certificates for the purpose of Collecting Stores for 
the Eastern Department he to be acc ble for the same in settling 
his ace 1 and that the same be charged to the United States — 
Attest Jn° Avery D Secy 



272 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Order of Capt. Henry Mowatt to Captain of King's Rangers. 

By Capt Henry Mowatt of His Majesty's Ship the Albany 
and Senior Officer in Penobscot Bay. 

You are hereby impowerd and directed to take by Force 
of Arms, all Vessels and Craft that may fall in your power, 
belonging to the Subjects of the Kings of France and Spain, 
as also those belonging to the Rebells of America, and you 
are to order all Captains to this Port or to some other place 
in Xova Scotia 

Given on board the Albany in the River of Bagaduce 

17 th May 1780 

H: Mowat 
To Capt. James Ryder Mowatt of the Kings Rangers 



James Richardson to Board of ^Y<lr. 

Boston May 19 th 1780 
Hon ble Gentlemen 

It being of the utmost Importance that Falmouth, Camp- 
den & Machias should be immediately furnished with a large 
quantity of Provisions for the use of the Troops which are 
or may be stationed at those Posts agreeable to a Resolution 
of the Eight Ult° passed by Congress — 

I beg that the Hon ble Board of War may be pleased to grant 
me a loan of one hund d Barrells of Salt Beef for that purpose, 
as the busy season of the year prevents the getting Teams 
to transport the same from the Magazines to this Post which 
Beef will either be replaced or otherwise accounted for by 
the United States & am Hon ble Gentlemen y r Hon rs most 
obed 1 & very Hble Serv* 

Jas Richardson A D C G Iss. 
The Hon b,e Board of War 



OF THE STATE OF MAI.N'K 273 

Sam 1 Doggeti to Eleazer Johnson, E.s<i r . 

Boston May 20 th 1780 
Sir 

These acquainting you thai T was one half owner with Mr 
Jepson of the Sloop Pigeon Cap 1 Little Master thai was 
destroyed a1 Penobscot. I would ask your greatesl influence 
in obtaining the money or Pari of it as I have not been able 
to do any kind of Business for these 13 months and am in 
a \rry weak & low Shite of health I have expended all my 
money & have tired my Friends in Borrowing I therefore 
beg of you as a friend to Consider my Case & use your utmosl 
Influence towards my obtaining the aforesaid Money or part 
of it and in so doing you will greatly ohlige 

Your most obedient humb 1 serv 1 

Sam 1 Doggett 
Eleazer Johnson Esq 1- 



Gen 1 Wadsworth Letter. 

Head Quarters Falmouth 20 th May 1780 
Sir 

In mine of the 28 th Ult. I Inform' d your Honour of the 
time of my Return to this Place & of the Scituation& Circum- 
stances of it with Respect to Troops; since that time the 
men have dropd in by degrees to the Number of 200, in- 
cluding the Company from this County. The Remainder 
1 think will come by the hardest, I have not had a late 
Return from Cainbden, but understand that their Numbers 
are nearly in the Same proportion, This Backwardness of 
Raising Soldiers, by the l»est Information I receive, is owing. 
not so much to an Aversion to the Service, as the Smallness 
of the Encouragement, for in general, when the Towns have 

18 



274 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ofTer'd the Soldier forty Shillings per Month, in the old way 
as they call it, they have not wanted for Voluntiers, their 
men are likely ; their Soldiers are on the Spot : And here 
T cannot but digress in Subjecting my favourite Sentiment, 
that had the State or States adopted the Policy of making 
the Soldier's, the best Business; they would never have 
wanted for men, their Armies would be running over & they 
would have the Choice of the best. I ask pardon for the 
Digression — My first Business as the Troops arived, was 
repairing the Fort at the West End of the Town, that there 
might be one Work, in somewhat of a defencible Posture. 
I then proceeded to lay out & begin a small Fort within the 
\ ery extensive & decayed Lines on Mount Joys Xeck at the 
east End of the Town, which when completed I conceive 
will answer all the good purposes of holding that important 
Ground, that could have been expected from a more extensive 
one & is capable of being defended by 500 Men, with a good 
Block House in the Middle of it, which may conveniently 
overlook the whole, should the State see fit to be at the 
(necessary) Expence of one & give orders for erecting it. 

The Platforms of the Batteries in the Front of the Town 
are very rotten & decayed, these are in a way to be repaired. — 
The Troops are under some degree of Order & Discipline. 

Yesterday arived from the Board of War, two 18 pdw & 
three Field pieces with their Apurtenances, which in part 
supply our Deficiency & which may be very Serviceable. 

I have not been favour'd with any Return from your 
Honour, the above mention'd Cannon excepted, respecting the 
Several Matters on which I have wrote ; amongst which a 
Company of the Train for this Post is of some Consequence 

Having thus arranged things here, have left my Instruc- 
tions with Lieut Col 1 Prime, who discovers the utmost Atten- 
tion to & good will for the Service, to execute the Business ; 



<>r THE STATE OF .MAINE 275 

& propose to set nut in a boiTOw'd whale Boat early tomorrow 
morning for Thomaston, via Brunswick. 

I have the honour to be, with much Respecl Sir Your 
honours most humble Serv 1 

Peleg Wadsworth 
EIon We Jeremiah Powell President of Council 

P S. I was in greal hopes that a Surgeon & Mate would 
have ariv'd here, hefore I set out for the eastward, both of 
which ought to he skilful. The Chief Surgeon 1 propose to 
order to the eastern ( !ounty where no other Assistance can 
he had, the mate will he left here; & altho' I have not heard 
of their Appointment, as I suppose they will not he tho't 
unnecessary, am in daily hopes of their arival. — 

P Wadsworth 
In Council June l l 1780 

Read & Sent down with Letter of .May the 10 th & 26' Las1 
accompanying the same John Avery D Secy 

In the House of Representatives June 2, 1780 

Read & thereupon Ordered That General Preble Coll 
Glover & .\i' Gorham with such as ye Hon ble Board shall join, 
he a Committee to consider the same & report what is proper 
to be done thereon 

Sent up for Concurrence John Hancock Spk* 

In Council June 2 1780 

Read & Concurred and Timothy Danielson & Sam 1 Xiles 
Esq rs are joyned S Adams Scer y 

Communication of E. Gerry and Others to Council. 

Philadelphia May 20 th IT-" 
Sir 

We do ourselves the Honor to inclose the Copy of a Note 
received from the Minister of France; and we hope that 
some suitable Persons may be directed to prosecute the lui- 



276 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

quiries therein mentioned, and to transmit to us the conse- 
quent Information. From these Communications will 
probably grow Fruits very beneficial to the State of Massa- 
chusetts, the minister appearing to us at all Times to take a 
cordial Interest in its Prosperity. 

We apprehend that Copies of some Materials already in 
the public offices of the State will go far towards giving com- 
pleat satisfaction We have Col. Campbel's Description of 
Penobscot Fort & its ^Neighbourhood but That is rather vague 
for any Purpose but to show the Value of the Country 

We are with great Respect Sir Your most humble servants, 

E. Gerry 
James Lovell 
S. Holten 
Hon ble President of the Council of Massachusetts 

In Council May 30 h 1780 

Read & Committed to Thomas dishing, Sam 1 Adams and 
Timothy Danielson Esq r to consider this Letter with a ISTote 
from the Minister of France & report what may be proper to 
be done thereon — Jas Avery D Secy. 

Translation 

The Minister of France would be glad to know of what 
the Garrison at Halifax consists — the number of Ships or 
armed Vessels in that Port — the exact plan of the Fortifi- 
cations — the Soundings of the Harbour & Raye ; — in short, 
all the Information which can be procured either as to the 
Disposition of the Inhabitants or the Resources and Pro- 
vision which may be hoped for from the Country in Case a 
Body of Troops could be carried thither. It would be like- 
wise necessary to procure Intelligence from that Town the 
of tnest possible. 

The same Informations respecting Penobscot would also 
be infinitely interesting. The Minister of France has the 



OF THE STATE OF .MAINE 277 

Bonor of intreating the Delegates of the State of Massachu- 
setts to enable him to be possessed of them. 

Leche de la Luzerne 

L780 
By the Best [nformation thai can a1 Presenl be obtained 

of y e Forces at. Hal li fax 

The follow i ni;' regimenl are there 

June 5 There were a1 Ballifax on y" 28 of December lasl 
six Regiments of British Troops Viz 1 

At Hallifax 1— Col° Bruce the 7<> ,h consists of ab 1 500 

At d° 2 — Argyle's a Highland Regiment abt 750 
Penobscot 3 XHanibleton Regiment at Penobscot abt 450 
At Hallifax 4 — The Emmigrants a Highland Regi- 
ment abt 500 
d° 5XThe Royall Vincible' s a Regiment abt 250 
D° 6 — The Orange Rangers at Fort Cum- 
berland a Regiment raised at New York commanded 
by Col Bayard consist' d — 250 

D° 7 The Loyall Xova Scotians a Regi- 
ment consisting of ab 1 500 
from recruits from Newfoundland & the Fishermen [ 500 

that belonged to the Fisheries distroyed on Xova Scotia 

Shore Viz Canso Petit de Grat & Louisbourg Arc 3200 
Two Companies of y' Train at Hallifax at 40 men in 

Company SO 

They Can Raise abt 1000 Militia at Hallifax & abt 4000 
Militia thro the rest of the Province 

At Hallifax Robuck a 7p Gun Ship & the Delevance a 28 
Gun Ship The Alligiance Capt Phipps a 20 Gun Ship & 
2 hulks made out The Pembroke & [ ] of an old 

G4 & 40 Gun Ship with their guns on board 



278 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

Statement of William Jones. 

In the year 1775 it was moved in the general Court at 
Watertown to Pay the men that had turned out on alarms as 
at Bunkerhill fight and other places it was moved Likewise 
to Pay the men in the County of Lincoln which had turned 
out on alarms and in Spac 1 mener the Cruze to Ponobscot 
with Colonel Cargill — it was objected by Majer Sewel of 
Georgetown agenst Paying that Crous to Penobscot onless all 
the alarmes on which aney Should be called should Likewise 
be Payed — I then being Present Set forth the great Distance 
that meney of the men had to go and the skantnes of Previson 
which Cased Sum of them to buy Previson and Sum of them 
Did Sun'or much with hunger — and I gave it as my opinon 
that it was best for the Court to Pay the men weagis and for 
their board and take the vesals which they then tooke and 
Convart them to the use of the Stat 

this I asart to be the substance of what Pased on that time 
as I Remember by me William Jones 

Bristol May 23 th 17 SO 

Order to the Board of War. 

State Mass 8 Bay 

Council Chamber May, 23 1780 

Ordered that the Board of War be & hereby are directed to 

Supply Col John Allen with Two hhds Molasses and Two 

hhds of Rum which will Compleat the quantity of Molasses 

& Rum said Allen was to be supplied with Agreable to a 

Resolve of the General Assembly passed the 22 of June last & 

they are also Directed to Compleat the orders of Court passed 

in January & March last for furnishing said Col Allen with 

Sundry Stores as far as is in their Power 

Attest John Avery D Secy 



OF Till. STATE OF MAINE 279 

Letter to N. Jones Esq' 

To the Hon 1 ' 1 " the Council of the State of Massachusetts Bay 
Sir 

Sour Petition has been laid before the Hon'ble Council 
unci Considered and they have directed me to inform you 
thai Liberty is granted for you to Appear before this Board 
and to answer such Matters as are alledged against you by 
one Burnham agreeable to your Request 

1 am Sir Your Humb SerV 

Jn° Avery D Secy 

Council Chamber Boston .May 24 l 1780 

To Nathan Jones Esq* al Goldsbury 



Letter of Gen 1 Peleg Wadsworth to President of Council. 

Head Quarters, Thomaston, 26 May 1780 
Sir, 

On the 22 Inst : I arrived at this Post from Falm And 
when I drawn an Idea of a number of men that have been 
dropping in by degrees for two Months to the amount of 
200, without being redue'd to order k discipline as they 
arrived ; distributed to Cambden, Thomaston & S l Georges ; 
furnished with Camp Utensils designed only for 100 men; 
a number sent into Camp, k still remain without any arms, 
& others incomplete ; having only ten days provision of meat 
& not more than two of bread on hand; when I have given 
this Idea, Your Honor perhaps will have a pretty just notion 
of our Situation in this Quarter. But as our numbers are 
small & the river fish are plenty, I am not apprehensive of 
the Troops starving suddenly, tho' they will be rendered in 
a great measure useless when provision fails. 

Eight whale Boats are arrived, & five others I have account 
of at Wiscasset damaged, which I have sent for. *[ I need 



280 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

not urge for a supply of provision & stores, not doubting but 
supplies will be sent as soon as possible : But as the Troops 
fall so vastly short of what was ordered & expected, & as the 
Term for which the first Detachment was raised draws to 
a close, I must urge not only that the number at first ordered 
may be completed; but that it may be augmented to five 
hundred men at least. 1 And I would request that the Post 
might be continued from Farm & ride as far as this place ; 
for I am persuaded that a more frequent communication with 
part of the Country would be of great service to the State: 
And a number of publick papers being distributed to the 
several Towns to the eastward of Kennebeck, besides soften- 
ing the minds of people, would give them proper means of 
Intelligence which at present is not the Case. | Your Favor 
of the 27 Ult° this day came to hand; the Contents shall be 
duly observed. 1 Yesterday came to Cambden a flag from 
Majabigwaduce, demanding amongst others, John Long to 
be exchanged as a prisoner of war & a British Subject. This 
Flag was very Seasonable as it has given full Evidence of 
the Conduct of several persons, besides Long now prisoners, 
as spies or Traiters, whose trial is just coming on. 

As this Flag was not addressed to the Commanding Officer 
of the Post here, nor signed on their part but with the simple 
signature of J. Campbell & H. Mowatt, have tho't proper 
to detain them for the present. 1 I have this day a general 
Court martial sitting for the Tryal of sundry Prisoners, some 
of which I have been a long time troubled with. To compass 
results the Court have been obliged to call in some of the 
Officers of the adjacent militia. 

By the Officers of the Flag we are informed that there are 
several of our Cruisers off Hallifax, that do them great Mis- 
chief ; that there had been a general Naval Engagement in 
the West Indies between the French & British Fleets, in 



OF Till: STATE OF MAINE ~J s 1 

which there was little udvaii t ;i^<- gained on cither side; but 
both had suffered exceedingly; that Charleston was taken: 
this last I suppose wants Confirmation. 1 Last Tuesday one 
of two whale Boats belonging to the Enemy, which had been 
watching for my Boat on her return, was taken (by a Sloop 
on board of which a number of men from Townsend had 
thrown themselves) & carried into Port there, 

After again suggesting the Necessity of an immediate sup- 
ply of Provisions & men, & musquet Cartridges equally 
necessary, I do myself the honor to subscribe Your Honor's 
most obedient & faithful Servant P Wadsworth B G 
Hon bIe Jeremiah Powell President of Council. 

General Wadsworth to the President of the Council. 

Head Quarters Thomaston 27 May 
Sir 

The Boat mentioned in mine of yesterday to have been 

taken by a sloop from Townsend previous to her being cap- 
tured, had taken & sent to Majabigwaduce a fine new Sloop 
& a Small Schooner, belonging (the Sloop) to Mr Reed, one 
of the Captors of the Enemys Boat. The Commander of 
which was one James Rider Mowatt Cap't of the Kings 
Rangers (so call'd) who finding himself & Crew prisoners, 
offer'd the Captors to restore the Sloop & Schooner above 
Mention'd to the former owners, on condition of their being 
themselves set at Liberty to return to Majabigwaduce 

The Captors applied to me for Liberty to make the Ex- 
change. And as the Vessells were of great consequence to 
the owners who had exerted themselves in Capturing the 
Boat to encourage such Exertions in future, taking into the 
Consideration that the Vessels in the hands of the Enemy 
might be employ'd against us, I consented that on the Vessells 
being return'd in the same order in which they were taken 
together with two men belonging to the Schooner & one other; 



282 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

that Cap* Mowatt with his Crew, ten in all, should return his 
Boat to Majabigwaduce unarm'd, After Cap 1 Reed was gone 
to Townsend with this Concession ; on further Consideration 
I was much dissatisfied with what I had done — However 
M r Mowatt not knowing when he was well used, & having a 
Mind to drive a Bargain ; insisted on having three other 
prisoners (than his own Crew & which three I do not allow 
to be prisoners of War) to be released into the Bargain. 
Thus finding myself free from the Concession I had made, 
J decline any sort of exchange of the Kind ; not being clear 
of the Propriety of exchanging prisoners for Property, I 
have referred Cap 1 Reed to your honour for an order on the 
matter & heartily wish that the Captors may have every In- 
dulgence that is due for their vigorous exertions & Firmness 
in the American Cause. In the mean time have given 
Orders for the prisoners to be taken to Falmouth for Con- 
finement & the Officer to be Admitted to his Parole in some 
suitable place and am Sir 

Your most obedient & very humble servant 

Peleg Wadsworth B G 

J. Allan to President of Council. 

Indian Eastern Department Passamaquody 

May 28 th 1780 
Sir. f I have to Acquaint the Hono ble Board That I Ar- 
rived here the 23 rd Instant in Consiquence of the Movements 
Amoung the Indians Occation'd by the Invitation of the 
Enemy & the Reports Propagated Amoung them to the dis- 
advantage of the States — 

I have had Several Conferences with Them during the 
Time — do not find them as Usual, Tho I have prevaFd with 
Most to Continue some Time Longer, till further News from 
the Westward — 



OF THE STATE <M MAINE 283 

The Enemy have Recievd Large Supplys on S* John-. A 
Fort is Erected — about Seventy -Miles up the River, win -m- 
a Truck House is fixd, several Other persons I'nder (iovern- 
ment Scattered up & down for the purpose of Supplying 
Them — M r Franklin & the Priest is Expected every hour. 
The Latter to Continue at the Fort up the River — 

The day After my Arrival, three Indians, Express from 
Penobscut — Arrived with Strings of Wampum, to the sev- 
eral Tribes Eastward with Inteligence That 50 Irroquose 
where thro in the Winter, & Desired the Eastern Indians to 
give a final Answer of thier Determination — In the Evening 
Express from S l Johns from the .Mick macs & Others on S l 
Johns, where Numbers were Collecting for the Grand Con- 
ference on that Account, & to Meet the Priest & Franklin — 
No doubt the Britons is at the head of this, to Create con- 
fusion Among the Indians The Great Advantage the 
Britons has by the Priest & the Large & Good Supplys puts 
me in the Greatest difficulty how to Act — Add to this I have 
not Any Instructions or Advice what is to be done with the 
Indians from the Westward 

M r Parker who had a Quantity of the Meat for the Indians 
is Taken & Convey 'd into Majabagaduce, we have not one 
Morsal of Meat Left, Consequently nothing but Corn & a 
Little Butter to Use, as we had Meat Last Winter — There 
is Ten Bushels of Corn a day Used amoung the Indians 
while this difficulty is Keept up — & for want of Meat, we 
are Growing Short — No provisions arrived for Any white 
person — As to the Goods they .Merely Scoff at it, as the 
British Goods is so Superiour — there Furrs are selling 
everywhere, particularly Beaver, which they Sell at S l Johns, 
Other Furrs to American Fishermen who keeps Rum for the 
purpose, and my Indigent Situation having but Six persons, 
prevents my Apprehending & pursuing Such to Justice — 



284 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Indeed the Imposition of the American Traders are such 
That it much discourages the Indians — The Britons Deal- 
ing much farer and on More Hono ble Terms, which is Sup- 
ported By the British Government & Must say from the 
Appearence of Things, that Those who may Continue must 
be Actuated from such principles of Virtue Rearly to be 
found at this day — 

To Satisfy the Indians a little I have wrote M r Burk the 
Priest requesting him to Come here, have pledged my 
Honour, he shall not be Molested By American or French on 
Condition he does not Interfere in Politicks, Till I have 
further Orders, when he shall be Convey 'd Safe Back to S* 
Johns — I should be Glad to have Advice Upon this — 

Two Expresses setts off Tomorrow from the Penobscut 
and S l Johns for the Bussiness before Mentioned — I Can- 
not say what will be the Consiquence 

my best Endeavours shall not be wanting, to pursue 
Measuers to fulfill the Intentions of Government, to Secure 
the Interest of the Indians & this part of the Country 

I have the Honour to be with all possible Respect Sir your 
Most Obedient & very hum b Servent J Allan 

The Hon ble Jer. Powell Esq : Presi 1 &c 
In Council June 19 l 1780 

Read & Sent down with several papers Accompanying 
the Same John Avery D Secy 



Petition of Alex Campbell. 

To the Honorable Council of the State of Massachusetts Bay 

Boston May 29 1780 
The Petition of Alex: Campbell Humbly Sheweth — 

that your Petitioner Contracting with Mes r Williams and 
Vincent, for a Vessel to Carrey Provision to Machias, for the 
use of the Troops in that Department, Expecting said Pro- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 285 

vision was Ridey — Bui am Tnform By M r Richinson Con- 
tinential Commissary, thai he has qo more on hand than 
about ono Hundred (Berels Evrv kind included) which we 
have taken on bord, and qo1 withstanding there is a Plenty 

of Provision All Ridey Bui a small Distance, in the Country 
I am inform by the Quarter Master Gener 1 that it is out of 
his Power to Procure Teems to Transport said Provision in 
to Town for Want of Mony To pay them — in Consequence 
of Which your Petitioner will he under a Very Great incon- 
veinence as he has not only Engag d to pay the fraight of said 
goods on Bord on the Delivery, But also Oblagated hisself to 
furnish said Williams & Vincent with a certain Number of 
Barels According to the Schedule, from said Commissary of 
the Quantity of Provision he Propos d to send to that Depart- 
ment and which is by no means compleated. But makes no 
Doubt he Expected into Town Before this time : AVherefore 
as only a small matter of Provision has been sent to Maehias, 
and that Princiably for the Indians, and No Doubt General 
Wadsworth has sent the Troops Forward Destein d for that 
( Quarter, and a good Vessel, well Furnish with Light Sail, 
Ridey to Take Said Provision on bord. 

Your Petitioner therefore Humbly prays your Honours 
may Take the matter under your Wise Consideration and 
Grant that Col Chase may be suply d with a sufficient Sum 
of mony to pay the charge of Carting Said Provision into 
Town or otherwise as yon in your known wisdom may think 
Best and your Petitioner as in Duty Bound shall Pray &c 

A Campbell 
Agent of Col° Allan Eastern Department 

In Council May 30 th 1780 

Read & Ordered — That a Warrant lie drawn on the Treas- 
ury for £3063 — in fav r of Col° Thomas Chase D. Q. Mr. 
G to enable him to pay the Charges for transportation of 



280 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Provisions from the Towns of Westborough & Sherburn to 
Boston for the Troops destined for the Defence of Machias 
said Chase to be acc ble for the same & to replace the same 
into the Treasury as soon as possible. 

Jn° Avery D Secy 



John Tynans Petition. 

State of Mass a Bay To the Hon ble the Council & Hon ble 
House of Represen ts of the said State in Gener 1 Court As- 
sembled May 31 1780 

John Tynan of York in the County of York Humbly Prays 
that as he was Wounded in the late Expedition to Penobscot 
by having a Musk 1 Ball pass thro' the Trunk of his Body by 
which his Lungs are much hurt and he still remaining in An 
infirm State and unable to Labour This Hon ble Court to take 
his Unhappy circumstances under consider 1 and grant him 
such allowance for and towards his Support as they in their 
Wisdom shall see meet and he as in duty bound shall ever 
pray 

John X Tynan 

This Certifies that the above Named John Tinnegs Case 

is Justly Represented 

John Swett Chrgeon 



Resolve Staying the Judgment Mentioned in the Petition of 
James Cargill. 

To the Hon ble the Council & the Hon ble House of Representa- 
tives for the State of Massachusetts Bay in General Court 
Assembled ; — May it Please your Honors, | The Petition 
of the subscribers, Inhabitants, in the County of Lincoln — 
Humbly Sheweth. — 



OF THE STATE OK MAINE 28*! 

Thai we have well known James Cargill of Newcastle 
Esq 1 ": for six years last past, and are fully Convinced of his 
being firmly Attach'd to the cause of America (in tin- tii>t 
Opposition made to British Tyranny, — so early us 177.", hi- 
vigorous exertions in the glorious Cause of Freedom, in- 
fluenced (he Officers of the Regiment to choose him their 
Colonel, — That, his readiness, Alacrity and past services in 
Opposing the Enemy, in every attempt, on the Eastern ('oast. 
renders him a proper Object of your Honors Attention, and 
our Supplication in his behalf — We therefore humbly 
beg leave to represent to your Honor, That .lames Cargill 
Esq r with a party of men under his Command in July 177">, 
captured a Number of Vessels at Penobscott (then supply- 
ing) the Enemy at Boston) which we apprehend had a great 
tendency to destroy the Enemys Influence and underhand 
Practices in that Quarter. That the Vessels so captur'd 
were try'd in the maritime Court for the Eastern Distrid 
agreable to the Laws of this State, and were Condemned, *!v; 
sold in conformity to the said Laws, and were warranted by 
the s d James Cargill. That sometime in the year 177»i The 
General Court granted a Rehearing to Stephen Hall & Peleg 
Crooker, owners of one of the s d Vessells, whereby the s d 
James was again unexpectedly brought into the Law, and 
upwards of two years after, Viz' in July 1778. for want of 
Evidence by means of the war, he lost the Cause, and 
restoration of the Vessel was order'd & made to the former 
owners, notwithstand the said Vessell had been sold t.V war- 
ranted through many hands, suits have been commenced from 
one Party to another until! it has now reverted back t" the 
said James and a sum of .Money amounting to Thirteen thou- 
sand, One hundred and forty six pounds, fourteen shillings 
i:-* awarded to be paid by the said .lames Cargill to John 
Langdon \- Mhene/.er YVhittier as Pamages for selling them 



288 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the said Vessells — As the Action was refer'd to the Deter- 
mination of three Gentlemen of Understanding in such 
matters, and for other reasons. We apprehend the Award 
to be just, At the same time be beg leave to represent to your 
Honors that we conceive that the said James is an object of 
your Honors compassion and will be greatly distressed unless 
he meets with relief and assistance from your Honors — And 
further should the said James be Obliged to pay the sum 
afores d it would reduce himself and an Innocent Family to 
distress and want. We therefore humbly Pray your Honors 
would Afford such Reliefe as your Honors in your great 
Wisdom shall think lit and as in Duty bound shall ever 
Pray &c 

Will" Lithgow Poland Gushing W m M c Cobb 

Ja s M c Cobb Ezekiel Pattee James Harriden 

Josiah Brewer James Howard Dum r Sewall 

Sam 1 Ford Joseph North 

Thurston Whiting Tho s Rice 

State Massachusetts Bay in House Representatives 

June 1780 
The Committee on the Petition of James Cargill having 
attended that Servis and are of Opinion that by Means of 
the Interposition of the General Court in the year 1776 after 
a Legal Tryal Condemnation & Sail of the Vessell Mentioned 
in the Petition that if the s d James Cargill be holden to Pay 
the Judgment of the Inferior Court hear with Exhibited he 
will be Ruin'cl JSTot withstanding his former Good Services) 
therefore your Committee ask Leave to report by way of 
Resolve — 

State of Massachusetts Bay in hous of Representatives 

June 1780 
Resolved that there be Paid to James Cargill out of the 
Treasury of this State the Sum of 



OP THE STATE OF MAIM-: 289 

Incorporation Act for Cox If nil. 

An Ah For Repealing A Law of this Stale made and 
Passed in the year of our Lord one thousand Seven hundred 
& Seventy Eight, Entitled an act for the incorporating The 
Plantation Called Cox Hall, in the County of York, into a 
Town by the Name of ('ox Hull And for [incorporating 
The Said Town by the Same Name, By diferenl Boundaries. 

Whereas, Some of the Boundaries & line- Sot forth in Said 
Ad were not Explicit, and appear to Interfere with the 
Limmets of the Town of Sanford. 

Be it Therefore enacted by the Council and House of 
Representatives in General Court assembled, and by the 
authority of the Same, that all and Every Part of Said act 
be and hereby is Repeal'd and shall he hereafter held and 
taken to he Null and Void, and of no Effect whatever. — 

And he it Further enacted By the authority afforesaid 
That Said Plantation Bounded as follows Viz: — Beginning 
on the Western Side of Mousom River at a Pitchpine Stump 
on the Edge id' the Dank of Said River and on the head line 
of Wells, From thence to Run North Masterly on the head 
line of Wells, & aurondell Six miles. Viz. until] it comes 
within four miles of Saco River, to an Oak Island So called. 
Thence from Said arundel line on a Northwesterly Course 
Continuing at the distance of four miles from Said Saco 
River and Parrellel thereto. Hack into the Country Six miles 
and one hundred and Twenty Rods, from thence to a Hem- 
lock Tree Marked on four sides about forty Rods to the 
Northward of a Pond, Called Swan Pond — from thence a 
Cross Said Pond, Excluding about two thirds thereof, on a 
South "West Course until] it Comes to the line, on the North 
East Side, of the Town of Sanford. and from thence South 
Easterly on a Strait line, to the Hounds and Pine Stump by 
said Mousom River, first Mention'd. Which Bounds will 

19 



290 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

include about five thousand Acres of Land which was in- 
cluded in the Eight miles square incorporated into a Town 
by the Name of Sanford. Be and hereby is erected into a 
Town by the Name of Coxhall and the Inhabitants are here- 
by invested with all the Powers Privilidges and Immunities 
which the Inhabitants of other Towns within this State do 

or may enjoy 

And be it further enacted That Benj amin Chadbourn Esq r 
be and he hereby is impowered to Issue his warrant to some 
principal Inhabitant of said Plantation Requiring him to 
call a Meeting of Said Inhabitants, Qualified to Vote in Town 
affairs, in order to Chuse Such Officers as by Law Towns are 
Impower'd to Chuse in the Month of March annually 

Resolve directing Lieu 1 William Alby to reenlist 33 Men. 

To the Honorable the Council & the House of Representatives 
in General Court Assembled at Boston June 1, 1780 

The Petition of Alexander Campbell in behalf of Col 
Allan Commanding officer at Machias Humbly Sheweth 

that your Petitioner Observing the Late Resolves, Respect- 
ing that Department, could not Perceive any Provision made 
by your Honors concerning the Artillary Company of that 
Garison — I beg Leave to observe that By an Act of the 
general Assembly of this State in May 1778 Lieut William 
Allbee was Appointed to the Command of a Company of 
Artillary, consisting of thirty three men the greater part of 
which their Times were Expired the Last fall, and the Re- 
mainder the first of this Instant June — wherefore as Lieut 
Allbee, still Continues in Service ; and no Orders from your 
Honours for a New Inlistment, altho there is no Doubt M r 
Allbee has it in his Power To inlist, the greater part of the 
Same Men. With your Honours Orders & Encouragement, 
& as I am sensable it is Col Allan Desire said officers and 



OF Till-. ST ATI-: OF MAIM 



291 



men mighl be continued, on accl of the Cannon and Artillary 
Stores in thai garison — 

Wherefore your Petitioner Eumbly Prays your Honours 
may 'Fake the Matter under your wise Consideration — and 
Direct that the said Lient Allbee, may have orders to fill np 
his said Company, on such Establishment as your Honours 
may Please to order as there apears a necessity Such a Com- 
pany Should Be Continued in the Garison or otherwise as 
your Honours in your Known Wisdom may think Best 

And your Petitioner as in Duty Bound shall Pray &c 
Alex Campbell, Agent 

For Col Allan Eastern Department 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Eepresentatives June 5, 1780 
On the Petition of Col° Alexander Campbell praying he 
may be Supplyed with a number of Such Arms Bayonets & 
Cartridges for the defence of a Vessel 1 Conveying Provisions 
to y e forts at Maehias— Resolved that the Board of War 
be & they herebye are directed, to Deliver s d Col Alexd 1 " 
Campbell, fifteen Small Arms with Bayonets & three hun- 
dred pounds of Cartridges taking his receipt to Return the 
Small Arms & Bayonets <y what Cartridges are not expended 
to the Board of War, & be accountable to them therefor 
Sent up for Concurrence 

In Council June 6 th 1780 

Read & Concurred 
Consented to : — 



Jer: Powell 
J Fisher 
D Davis 
B. White 
Moses Gill 
T. Danielson 



B Austin 
A Fuller 

Aaron Niles 
R T Paine 
J Simpson 
•I Xiles 



John Hancock Spk r 

J no Avery 1) Sec'y. 

Stephen Choate 
Jno Pitts 
Jno Cutts 
E Cutts 

E. Brooks 



292 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

■James Avery to Prest. of Council. 

Indian Eastern Department Machias June 4 th 1780 
Sir, | By the Direction of Colo. Allan, I have the Honor 
to Acquaint the Hon'ble Board, that I Arrived from the 
Indian Encampment at Passemequody last Evening, where I 
left him pursuing every measure in his Power to Retain the 
Indians in the American Interest & prevent their Going to 
S l Johns, — he has prevailed on them to Continue for the 
present, but if Troops & More Stores does not Arrive soon, 
they will not Stay. 

On the 1 st Ins 1 Two British Arm'd Schooners Arrived at 
Passamequody. One of which was the Buckram of 8 Guns 
Cap 1 Allderdice Commander, the other an Arm'd Transport 
of 6 Guns, — Colo Allan Called a Council of the Indians & 
Requested that none of them to go on board, which they 
promised they would not, — however Pier Tomma the Chief 
of S l Johns (allways Considered a Tory) and Loui Xeptane 
of Penobscot (called Colo. Loui) the pretended Chief of 
Passamequody went on board & Received Several Preasents, 
— Cap 1 Allderdice informed that M r Franklin & M r Bnrk 
arrived at S 1 Johns the 30 th May, with Large Supplys, and 
Desired a Conference with them. — this put all the Indians 
on the *Stur the Enemy making them such large Offers & 
Colo Allan nothing to give them, nor no Troops, they seem 
Tyred of the Service & it will be very difficult to keep them. 
Colo. Allan finds it will be impossible to keep the Indians 
Except he has immediately at least 50 Men and More Supplys 
procured — Had he a had but 30 Men with him at Passa- 
inaquody, all the Indians wou'd have Chearfully Turned out, 
and wou'd have been of the Utmost Service in Harrassing 
the Enemy at S 1 Johns, — Xone of the Troops ordered for 
this place has yet arrived, nor Can Colo Allan get the least 
Intelligence respecting them. — There is here 4 Deserters 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 203 

from the Buckram sence her being al Passemequody, three 
more ('nine away thai haa qoI Arrived, Two of them bro't 
of the Buckram Berge. — 

The Stores are mostly gone, there is now in the St<»rc aboul 
llo Bus' Corn & 1000 " Butter,— no1 one Ounce of meat 
for Troops or the [ndians the Dry Goods are mostly Die 
trihuted among the latter, — 

I inclose ;i Copy of a letter which Colo. Allan senl of by 
Express some days ago, for fear the Original shou'd not 
Arrive I have the Honor to be with the Greatest Respect 
Your Honors most 01/ Hb le Serv 1 
Ja s Avery Sec y to [nd n E. D 
The Honble Jer Powell Esq r 

In the House of Representatives June 19 th 1780 

Read & thereupon ()rder d That Gen 1 Titcomb. Gen 1 Preble 

k Coll Little with such as the Hou ble Board shall join, be a 

Commit lee to consider the same & report what is proper to be 

done thereon. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council June 20 l , 1780 

Read & Concurred & Eleazer Brooks and Thomas Durfee 

Esq" are joined 

John Avery D Secy 



Resolve on Petition of Col. Campbell. 

In the House of Representatives June the 5 1780 

on the Petition of Col Alexander Campbell Agent for 
Col° Allen Command 8 officer at Machias. shewing that the 
Time of Service for which the Artilary Comp y , There Under 
the Command of Lieu 1 John Allbe Consisting of Thirty 
Three Men, engaged Expired the lirst Day of June instant 



294 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



& pray s that the s d Lieut Albee may be ordered to fill up the 
s d Comp y in such Establishment as this Court shall ord 

Resolved that the s d Lieu 1 John Allbe .be & he hereby is 
directed as soon as Possable to Eeinlist Thirty Three men 
officers Included to Compleat his said Artilary Cornp 7 at 
Machias, to Serve untill ye first Day of June next unless 
sooner discharged and to be upon the Continental Establish- 
ment as they have heretofore Been Togather With a Bounty 
of One Hundred & fifty Dollars to each Xon Commissioned 
Officer and Private — to be charged to the United States 
Sent up for Concurrence 



In Council June 5, 1780 
Read & Concurred 

John Avery 
Consented to — 
Jer Powell D. Davis 

J Fisher A Fuller 

Moses Gill T. Danielson 

B White J Simpson 

B. Austin R. T. Paine 



John Hancock Spk r 



D Secy 



Sam Xiles 
Jno Pitts 
E. Cutts 
E. Brooks 
Stephen Choate 



Resolve directing the Board of War. 

To the Honorable Council & house of Representatives of the 
State of Massachusetts Bay — Boston June 5 th 1780 — 

the Petition of Alex Campbell Humbly Sheweth that your 
Petitioner has Kow under his Care a Quantity of Provision 
on Board the Schooner Unity, own'd By Messrs William & 
Vincent of this Town — Said Provision being Ship d By M r 
Richison Continnantiel Commissary — and also some Rum 
and molasses Ship d By the Honorable Bord of War, the whole 
for the use of the Troops & Indians at the Department of 
Machias under the Command of Col John Allan — and as it 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE -'■»."> 

Cannot be supos'd the Risque is very inconsiderable on the 
Coasl to Machias on A.cc1 of the Encniv ; the Provision is 
much wanted in the Department, and no Prospect at Present 
of a Convoy; wherefore your Petitioner Eumbly Prays your 

Honour may take the matter under your wise consideration, 
and Grant thai he may be Suply' 1 with fifteen Small Anns 
with Bayonets and fourty Rounds of Car traces Kach, that 
the Passengers and others on Bord Said Vessel may be 
Enabled to Defend Said Provision, and prevent Moats from 
Bording said Vessel By which means the Enemy have Taken 
Several Vessels Very Lately, — or Otherwise Please to Derect 
your Petitioner as you in your known Wisdom may think 
Best & as in Duty Bound Shall pray, 

Alex: Campbell Agent 
For Col Allan 



Petition of Lieut \\'"' Albee for a Grant of £14.85. 

To the Honorable the Council & house of Representatives of 
the State of Massachusetts Bay, Boston June 6 th 1780 — 
The Petition of William Allbee Humbly Sheweth 
That your Honours, in your Resolve of the fifth instant, 
was pleas'd to order that your Petitioner should Enlist and 
fill up a Company of Artillary, Consisting of thirty three 
men, officers included on the continnantial Establishment, to 
serve in the Department of Machias, under the Command 
of Col John Allan, and that a Bounty of one Hundred and 
fifty Dollars should be paid to each non eommission'd officer 
and Privet Soldier so Enlisted — I Beg Leave to observe to 
your Honnour, that it will be out of your Petitioners Power 
to Enlist & fill up Said Company unless he can have the 
money to pay the said Bountys on their Enlistment — 
Wherefore your Petitioner Prays your Honour, to Supply 



296 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

him with a sufficient Sum of money To pay Said Bountys, 
and your Petitioner as in Duty bound shall Pray. 

Wm Albee 



Agreement in Suit John Langdon & al. vs. James Cargill. 

Lincoln ss At an Inferior Court of common Pleas held 
at Pownalborough, within and for the County of Lincoln, 
on the first Tuesday of June, being the 6 th Day of said 
Month, A. D. 1780 
John Langdon & al. vs James Cargill 

The Parties agree to refer this Action and all Demands 
respecting the Vessel mentioned in the Writ, to the Deter- 
mination of Charles Cushing, Nathaniel Thwing & Jonathan 
Bowman Esq rs ; the Keport of whom, or any two of whom to 
be made this Term, before the Jury are discharged; and 
Judgm 1 thereon to be final 

Att Jon a Bowman Cler. 



Report Referees in Above Suit. 

Lincoln Ss. Anno Republica Americana Quarto 

At an Inferior Court of common Pleas held at Pownal- 
borough within and for the County of Lincoln on the first 
Tuesday of June, being the sixth day of said Month A. D. 
1780.— 

Ebenezer Whittier & John Langdon Jun r both of Pownal- 
borough aforesaid, Yeomen, pits v. James Cargill of New- 
castle, in the County of Lincoln, Gentlemen, Deft., in a Plea 
of Covenant-broken; for that the said James, by the Name 
of James Cargill of Newcastle in the County of Lincoln, 
Esq 1- , at said Pownalborough, on the twentieth day of 
Septem' in the Year of our Lord Christ, seventeen hun- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 297 

dred and seventy six, by his Covenanl of that Date under 
his Hand and Seal made and executed, and in Court 
to he produced, for and in Consideration of the Sum of 
two hundred and fifty Pounds, thirteen Shillings & four 
pence to him the said James paid by the said Kl>enczer 
Whit tier and John Langdon, did grant bargain and sell unto 
the said John & Ebenezer the whole of the Hull of a certain 
Sloop called the Xancv of the Burthen of Eighty Tons, with 
all & every Part of the Tackle, Sails. Masts. Anchors. Masts, 
Ropes, Cords & Furniture to her helonging; and then and 
there did covenant with the said Ebenezer and John, that 
he the said James at the Time of Sealing & delivering said 
Covenant, had full power and good Right to grant, bargain 
and sell the whole of the said Sloop Xaneev, with all her 
Appurtenances and that the said Sloop should at all Times 
continue and remain to the said Ebenezer & John and their 
Assigns and that he the said James would for ever indemnify 
& keep harmless the said Ebenezer and John & their Assigns 
from all manner of former Gifts, Grants, Bargains & In- 
cumbrances whatsoever had, made, committed, done or suf- 
fered by him the said James or any other Person or Persons, 
claiming Right or Property in the said Sloop Nancy. 

And now the pits aver that the said James, at the Time 
of making the Covenant aforesaid, had not good Right to sell 
the said Sloop Nancy and her Appurtenances to the pits; 
the same being the Property of one Stephen Hall and Peleg 
Crooker, at the Time of making the Covenant aforesaid, and 
that the said James hath not indemnified and kept harmless 
the pits and. their Assigns, and hath not kept but broken his 
Covenant aforesaid. To the Damage of the said Ebenezer 
Whittier & John Langdon, as they say, the sum of ten thou- 
sand pounds. — This Case was commenced last Term, and 
from thence was continued to this — And at this Term the 
Parties agree to refer this Action and all Demands respecting 



298 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Vessel mentioned in the Writ to the Determination of 
Charles Gushing, Nathaniel Thwing and Jonathan Bowman, 
Esq rs , the Report of whom, or any two of whom, to be made 
this Term, before the Jury are discharged; and Judgin* 
thereon to be final, who accordingly made Report in the fol- 
lowing Words, to wit, "Pursuant to the above Rule we have 
fully heard the Parties and all their Demands respecting the 
Vessel aforesaid, and have fully considered the Evidence laid 
before us, and do award, order and determine, That the 
said John Langdon and Ebenezer Whittier recover against 
the said James Cargill the Sum of Thirteen Thousand one 
hundred and twenty three Pounds, eighteen Shillings 
Damage and Costs of Court," which being read was accepted 
by the Court, and pursuant thereto, It is considered by the 
Court, That the Pits recover against the Deft, the Sum of 
Thirteen Thousand one hundred and twenty three pounds. 
Eighteen shillings Damage & Costs. Costs taxed at £22 ..16 — 
A true Coppy as appears of Record 

Examin'd by 

Jon a Bowman 



Resolve in Favor Lieut. Albee. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives June 7 th 1780 

On the Petition of Lieut Allbee praying that he may be 
furnished with money to pay the Bountys of thirty three 
Men which he is directed to raise by a Resolve of this Court 
pass'd the 5 th Instant — 

Resolved, that there be paid out of the publick Treasury 
of this State to Lieut: William Albee the sum of fourteen 



OF THE STATE OF MAIM': 



_"..:. 



hundred and eighty five Pounds to enable him to pay the 
Bountys aforesaid he to be accountable for the same — 
Sent up for Concurrence 

\;iili Gorham Speaker Pro Temp. 

In Council June 7 th 1780 
Read & Concurred 

John Avery 



Warrant drawn this day 
J) Secy 



( ionsented to 
Jere Powell 
T Cushing 
R T Paine 
J Fisher 
Moses Gill 



B Austin 
D. Davis 
T. Daniel son 
A Fuller 
II Gardner 



J Simpson 
Jno Pitts 
E Brooks 
E. Cutts 
Stephen Choate 



Peleg Wadsworth to Prest. Council. 

Head Quarters Thomaston 8 th June 1780 
Sir 

In mine of the 26 th UT I acquainted your honour with our 
Scituation here & our Scantiness of Provision & Ammuni- 
tion &c 

On the 4 th Inst : not hearing of any Supplies on the Passage 
I dispatch'd an Order to Falmouth for a temporary Supply 
to be sent from thence; Since which having receiv'd Inteli- 
genee of the Arival of a Quantity of Provisions in Kennebeck 
River, I have sent five whale Boats as a Convoy to this Place. 
But Ammunition &; Camp Utencils will still be wanting. 

The Enemy being some what anoy'd of late by my whale 
Boats, which are kept cruising upon them, have hawld the 
Albany (the only Ship now left at Bagaduce) on Shore. 
Her men are employ'd in several Small arru'd Schooners & 
heavy Boats to counteract my light Boats; & they will but 
too well answer their Purpose unless Vessells of equal or 



300 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Superior force are oppos'd to them — Two or three small 
Cruisers touching into the Sound & cruising for two or three 
weeks (unless something capital is undertaken) might answer 
a valuable purpose. The Enemy have nothing heavier at 
present than a Sloop of Six or eight Guns. 

Report says that Hallifax is closely blockt up. The De- 
tachment of Men in this Quarter consists of 1 Major. 6 Capts. 
7 Sub r 17 Serg ts 5 Drums & Filers & 19G Rank & File one 
Company of which consisting of 49 men are discharg'd next 
Week, after which it will not be in my Power to send for- 
ward the Detachment for Machias which Col 1 Allan is strong- 
ly urging for. Last Sunday Night two Villains capitally 
Sentenced by a Courtmartial made their Escape from the 
Guard here. 

Whilst I am writing Cap 1 Prebble with two Indians is 
arrived express from Machias for Men & Provisions — have 
concluded to send forward to Col 1 Allan two Whale Boats 
with 24 Men & two Barrells (borrow'd) Beef, immediately. 

I hope the Expectation of the State with regard to my 

Services here, will be regulated by the Men & Tools I have 

to work with. I have the Honour to be Sir your most 

obedient humble Serv 1 

Peleg Wadsworth B Gen 1 

Hon ble President of Council 

P. S. M r Nath 1 Fales the Bearer of this, informing me of 
his Intention for Boston on Business has done me the Favour 
to forward my Letters but does not come as an Express. 

Wadsworth B G 



Report of Jn° Frost. 

To the Hono ble The Council of the State of Massachusetts Bay 
may it please your Honours 
Agreable to a Resolve of the General Court last march 15 th 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 301 

17S0 whereby I was Directed to Detach from the Brigade 
under my Command Two hundred and Sixty men and form 
them into four Companies In order to march to Falmouth 
In Casco Bay the men are Raised and formed into four 
Comp 8 ;iml marched to said Falmouth under the Command 
of Col Joseph I 'rime 

I have the Hon 1 to be your Hon 1 

most obed 1 Humb 1 Serv 1 

Jn° Frost 

In Council June 8 th 1780 



Order of Council in re Prisoners of War. 

State of Mass 8 Bay 

In Council June 9 th 1780 

Ordered that Joshua Mersereau Esq 1- D. C. G. of Prisoners 

be and hereby is directed to send those Prisoners of War 

who are jusl arrived from the Eastern Parts of this State 

Viz: James Rider Mouatt, Captain of the Kings Rangers at 

Bagaduce, David Mxmatt, Frederick Linctonhove, Jacob 

Young & Ceorge Snumll to the Barracks at Rutland, to put 

the British Sailors on Board the Prison Ship, and to deliver 

Adam Coggswell an American, formerly from Ipswich, Geo. 

Cly a Dutchman an [nhabitani of Broad Bay & Jos. Cly his 

Son, John Pettingall an American horn in Kitterv in the 

County of York. \* William Whiticher an American — late an 

Inhabitant of Mount Desert, to Joseph Greenleaf Esq' who 

is hereby directed to examine them, & to deal with them as 

to haw & Justice shall appertain & to make return of his 

doings to this Board; & to enquire particularly ^\ Adam 

Cogswell a prisoner by what Authority he surprized \- Cap- 



302 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

tured a certain Sloop belonging to Thomas Prichard of 

Ipswich at or near Winter Harbour 

True Copy Attest 

John Avery D Secy 

In obedience to the within directions I have examined 
Adam Cogswell W m Whittaker and Joseph Cly and find by 
the confession of the s d Adam and William that they have 
been adherent to the enemies of this & the other United States 
of America, & have given aid and comfort to them, within 
this State, & have actually levied war against this State. 

I have also examined Joseph Cly, son of the s d George, a 
lad of about twelve years of age, who appears to have been 
a mere passenger, who was going to Bagaduce to be put to 
School there by his Father. I have likewise examined Jacob 
Young mention'd within, who also, by his own voluntary con- 
fession, appears to have been adherent to the enemies afore- 
said by giving them aid & c I have therefore committed the 
said Adam Cogswell, W m Whittaker & Jacob Young for tryal, 
and caused Joseph Cly to be delivered to Joshua Mersereau 
Esq 1 " D. C. G. of prisoners. 

Geo. Cly & Jn° Pettingal (not being in custody) were not 
bro 1 before me — Cogswell saith that he captur'd the Sloop 
within mention'd by authority derived to him from a com- 
mission he rec d from Henry Mowatt to make reprisals of all 
French, Spanish & American property, which commission he 
saith he was deprived of when he was taken. 

Joseph Greenleaf Justice peace 
Suffolk June 10 th 1780 

The Honourable the Council of the State of Massachuset Bay 

Boston June 9 — 1780 
I beg leave to inform your, Hon rs that the Expence, of the 
officer that brought Smoull the Prisoners, by order of Gen 1 
Wadsworth ought to be paid, agreeable to the Gen ls request 



OF THE BTATE OF MAINE 303 

as the Local Situation of Prisoners, rests with yoUI EonOlirS, 
beg to know wetlier they are to proceed to Rutland, under 
my care, or wetlier they remain here, -that I may know 
Wetlier, I am to pay the officer, or Major Hopkins —I have 
the Hon' to be With Greal Esteem this Hon ble boards M.i-i 
OImT Hum. Serv 1 

Joshua Mersereau D. C. G. of Priss. 



Resolve in re County of York. 

In the House of Representatives June 9 1780 

Whereas it appears upon Examination of the Treasurers 
Accounts for the County of York that all monies Granted 
and allowd by the Court of General Sessions of the pease 
for Said County from April 1770 to April 17S0 was for 
such purposes and appropriations as the Law impower'd Said 
Court to grant and the Treasurer for s' 1 county to be further 
accountable for the sum of Two hundred sixty six pounds 
nine shillings & one penny 

Therefore Resolved That the Said Accounts be Allowed 
Sent up for Concurrence 

Xath Gorham Speaker Pro Temp 

In Council June 10 th 1780 
Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Sec'y 
Consented to — 

J Bowdoin J Fisher D. Pa vis 

Jer Powell B. White Sam Niles 

W. Spooner B. Austin J. Simpson 

R. T. Paine H. Gardner A. Fuller 

T. Cushing T. Danielson E. Brooks 



304 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petition of John Cathcart. 

To the Hon. Council & House of Representatives for the State 
of Massachusetts Bay 

The Petition of John Cathcart, late Commander of the 
State Brig Tyrannicide, humbly sheweth, that by the advice 
of several members of this hon ble House, your Petitioner 
exhibited to the Hon Courts Committee an attested Acco 1 of 
the losses he sustained at Penobscott, — nearly one half of 
which Acco 1 the Hon: Committee were pleased to Allow, 

directing your petitioner (on the 2 d of May) to call on 

M r White, a Gent : of the Hon : Council for his Money on the 
3 d Inst : your petitioner call'd on the above name Gent n , was 
informed he had not the Money then, but directed your peti- 
tioner to call the next day & he would pay him, — your 
Petitioner accordingly waited on M r White, (the 4 th Inst:) 
was informd there was an order of Court of that days date to 
stop the Payment of all Acco ts at present, f Your Petitioner 
therefore humbly prays your honors wou'd be so indulgent 
as to inform your Petitioner (as he is immediately bound 
to Sea) whether said Acco 1 is to be allowed him or not. 

And your Petitioner as in duty bound shall ever pray &c 

John Cathcart 
Boston 9 June 1780 



Peleg Wadsworth to Prcst. of Council. 

Headquarters Thomaston 10 June 1780 
Sir I have this day been informed by Lieut Col 1 Prime that 
Cap 1 Rider Mowatt with the Prisoners that were taken with 
him in a whale Boat & carried into Townsend together with 
several other Prisoners (& were then sent to Falmouth by my 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 305 

order for Conveniences of Confinement; quite contrary to my 
Intention) were Sent on from Falmouth to Boston. I did 
not intend to have put these prisoners out of my hands for 
the present ( unless the hon ble Council had agreed to the pro- 
posal which was intended to have been made by Cap 1 Reed 
for the recovery of his Vessells:) But as I suppose they have 
before this time ariv'd at Boston, I would observe that Cap 1 
Rider Mowatt refus'd to sign a Parole offer'd him, by which 
he was restricted, within the Limits of the town of New- 
Gloucester, & ungentlemanlike attempted to make his Escape 
with four others, on his Journey to Boston, but was after- 
ward retaken on the Isle of Shoals. Perhaps this ought to 
be a Caution against putting it in his power to attempt an- 
other Escape at any rate. Five of the other eleven are not, 
in Xicety, in the Predicament of Prisoners of War, & as 
they would be particularly disserviseable to be exchang'd I 
hope they will be closely retain'd viz : 

Inhabitants of 

this county. 

/ Adam Cogswell, retaken in a Sloop without Papers, a pirate 
Smouse — a Traitor that had made his Escape from my 
Guard & join'd the Enemy 
Young — ditto 

CI ine — ditto 

Inhabitants of this County 

Linginhoof is taken in a Schooner without Papers, a pirate 
John Fullerton & ( Active & inveterate Tories, taken by the 

Gammons ( Protector in the Sloop J>agaduce; & by 

their Acquaintance with these parts have it in their Power to 
do much Service to the Enemy if exchanged. I am Sir 
Four most obedient Servant 

Peleg Wadsworth B Gen 1 
The Hon ble President of Council 

20 



306 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

J. Allan to Board of War. 

Harbour Sateel Passamaquodv June 11, 1780 
Sir 

I wrote the Honob le Board some days Ago, In which I 

Mentioned of two Expresses being Gone for Penobscot & 

River S 1 Johns They Are Sence Returnd The former Tribe 

is to be here in Six days, for the purpoise of Holding a Grand 

Council on the Invitation from Canada — 

Ambroise was on the Embasy to St. Johns he would not 
have Gone had not a private Aifair Obliged him — One of 
his Relations Killing Piere TomaSon Some time ago. The 
Inteligence he brings, That Deputys from the Merisheete 
the Micmaks, Oisho-go-na-ac, Mohawks, Algonlien or Moun- 
tainers and S l Francis Assembled there when it Appeard, as 
I first Told the Indians That the Britons where at Bottom 
of this to bring Confusion Among the Indians, which I hope 
they are satisfyed, tho not Come to a Conclusion — I Receiv d 
a String of Wampum & Message in Answer to One I sent to 
the Whole to the General Council the Litteral Translation 
as follows : In an Assambly of the Tribes before Mentiond at 

Aukapaqul on St. Johns River 

"Brother 

"Agreeable to what You Tell us, that the Great God who 
"sees us & Knoweth Our Hearts & Intentions, may Still Lead 
"us in Truth we Rec d your Message with Joy & thank you 
"for the Notice you Take of us — we Salute you in Return — 
^["Brother We mett here on bussiness Amoung Ourselves we 
"have not had Axe or Knife in Our hands yet this way — 
"The Americans are Our Brothers & in Our present Mind we 
"mean not to hurt them, But what we shall do, when Our 
"Council is finished we Cannot now Tell but you shall Im- 
"mediately Know all." ^["Brother Our Ears are Open'd 
"to hear Our Eyes Clear that we Can see — Our Heart Open, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 307 

"& we have Observed on the :: \ews of every one — we Trust 
"God will keep us so & prevent us from falling into the 
"Snares or Traps Laid to Take us by Any" V'Brother 
We now Salute you with a Good Heart we Salute the Congress 
General Washington, all the Chief men, Capt ns & Young 
Men, Women & Children of America wishing all Health & 
Success, that the Good God may Protect you all & keep you" 
— a String Wampum — 

There is Something .More, the Message the Indians As- 
sembled at Morcal to the Several Eastern Indians which is 
Somthing Lengthy — have not Time to prepare it to Send — 

I have to Acquaint the Court that there is a Considerable 
Number of Indians here, a Great Consumption of Provisions 
Great Number is Expected from Various parts, I Cannot 
Keep them Together without Supplying them with Pro- 
visions & A munition — was the Troops Arrived I should 
Act Otherwise — but at present there is no Other Defence for 
the Country Shoud they withdraw, & the Enemy Make ever 
So Little Attempt, they must carry it in the present Situation 
of the Country — I must Again pray that further Supplys of 
provissions & Some Men may be sent — 

At present I am Obliged to follow a different Peice of 
Bussiness, then is Consistent with my Station — every 
Leasure Time I go in Boats afishing which is all the Meat 
Kind, we have to LTse Either for Whites or Indians — 

I must Sollicite the favour, & press the Execution of it ; 
Thai a Committee or Some Agents to Settle the Government 
accounts in this Department may be sent down for the pur- 
pose as I shoud be Happy that the Acc ts may be broght to a 
( inclusion this Season — I have the Honour To He with all 
possible Respect Sir Your Most Obedient very Hum 1 ' 10 Serv 1 

J. Allan 



308 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Deposition of Samuel Harriden Esrf 

The Deposision of Samuel Harriden Esq 1- testifieth and 
Saith that when the Eastern Country was alarmed by Express 
that the Enemy was Landed on Long Island in Prospect bay 
and that a Number of British vessels was there gitting sup- 
plies for the Enemy in Boston that I was then Lieu 1 Col° of 
Col M c Cobbs Regim* that I on Receiving s d Express in July 
1775 ordered a Large party of s d Regiment to march to the 
Releaf of the place and went with them myself on our arival 
at Sheepscut found that Col Cargill had marched a Large 
Party of his Regiment for the same purpos, on which I 
dispatched two officers after them to Let him know that we 
were on the march after them and so continued our march 
and met s d officers at Waldoborough who Informed me from 
Col Cargill and his officers that they had more men then they 
could procure boats for and that the Enemy was alarmed 
of our Coming and that they Judged that they was sufficient 
in number to perform any thing in the Power of the Militia 
to do, and as they were so far a head of us that our Proceed- 
ing any further would not. answer any valueable purpos on 
which we Returned Sam 1 Harriden 

Lincoln ss, June 11 th 1780 — 

Then Samuel Harriden made to the above riten by him 
sign d before me Dum r Sewall J Peice 

Order Upon Execution vs. James Cargill. 

The Government & people of the Massachusetts Bay in New 
England Lincoln Ss. 

To the Sheriff of our County of Lincoln his under Sheriff 
or Deputy Greeting, 

Whereas Ebenezer Whittier & John Langdon both of 
Pownalborough in our County of Lincoln Yeomen, by the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 309 

Consideration of our Justice of our inferior Court of Com- 
mon pleas, liolden at Pownalborough within and for our 
County of Lincoln aforesaid on the first Tuesday of June 
Instant. reroverM Judgmenl against dames Cargill of New- 
castle in our County of Lincoln Gentlemen, for the sum of 
Thirteen Thousand One hundred and twenty three Pound 
Eighteen Shillings Lawful! Money, Damages, & Twenty two 
pounds Sixteen Shillings, & Eight pence Costs of Suit as to 
us appears of record whereof Execution remains to be done, 
We command you therefore that of the Goods Chattels or 
Lands of the s d James within your Precinct you ( lause to be 
paid, and Satisfied, unto the s d Ebenezer & John at the value 
thereof in Money, the afores d Sums, with four pounds Sixteen 
Shillings for this Writ, & Thereof also to satisfie yourself 
for your own fees, and for want of Goods, Chattels, or Land 
of s d James to be by him shewn unto you, or found within 
your precinct to the Acceptance of the s d John & Ebenezer, 
to Satisfy the Sums afores d we command you to take the 
Body of the s d James, & him co^ mitt unto our Goal in 
Pownalborough, in our County of Lincoln aforesaid, & detain 
in your Custody within our said Goal, untill he pay the full 
Sums above mentioned, with your Fees, or that he be dis- 
charged by the s d Ebenezer & John, the Creditors, or other- 
wise by order of Law, hereof fail not, and make Return of 
this Writt, with your doings therein, into the Clerks office, 
of our s d Inferior Court of Common Pleas, within three 
months from the date hereof, Witness — 

William Lithgow Esq 1 " 
at Pownalborough the Twelfth day of June. Anno Domini 

1780 — 

Jonathan Bowman Clk. 
Lincoln Ss June 26 th 17S0 

by virtue of this Execution, I have taken Six Cows & A 
Bull as belonging to the within Nam'd James Cargill, in 



310 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

part to Satisfy this Execution & all fees, & Charges, about 
the same as far as the same would Extend, & this day sold s d 
Cows & Bull at a Publick Vendue duely Notified, to the high- 
est bidder, then present who was Mr John Langdon, Cap n 
Rob 1 Hodge, & Cap n James Little, for the Sum of Three 
thousand four hundred and Ninety pounds, in the whole to 
satisfy this Execution & the s d Charges as far as the Same 
will Extend, which Charges amounted to the Sum of One 
hundred & Sixty two pounds, being deducted therefrom, this 
Exec 11 is Satisfied in part (viz) for the Sum of Three thou- 
sand three hundred & twenty Eight Pounds and no more — 
Then the with Nam'd Creditors on this same day requested 
me to Levey the Residue of the Sum due on this Execution, 
upon the Real Estate of the within Nam'd James the debtor, 
whereupon I caused Christopher Ersken David Sylvister & 
Timothy Parsons, all of Pownalborough in the s d County. 
Yeomen all Freeholders in s d County of Lincoln, Indepenent 
and Discreat Men, the s d Christopher & David being Chosen 
by me, the s d James the Debtor, being Notified to make 
Choice of one person, but not appearing to do it, and the said 
Timothy being Choosen by the Creditor, as duly & Lawfully 
Appointed to be Sworn, as Appraisors, of real Estate of the 
said James, the Debtor, to Satisfy this Execution & Charges, 
a Certificate of which Oath Follows — 
Lincoln Ss Newcastle June 28 th 1780 

then the above named Christopher, David & Timothy, made 
Oath that they would Faithfully and impartially Appraise 
and Set out by meets and bounds, such real Estate as should 
be shewn To them, to Satisfy this Execution with all fees, 

before me. 

Timothy Langdon, Jus 1 Pacis. 

Then, said Appraisers afterwards on the Thirtieth day of 

June afores d made return Which follows, viz. We the said 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 311 

Christopher David & Timothy heing Appointed and Swam 
as afores d proceeded *.V sot out by meets and bounds, the fol- 
lowing Pieces of upland & Salt Marsh, Viz, Ten Acres of 
upland Laying and being in Newcastle, at the upper End of 
Woobridges Neck so called, bounded Easterly on the Head 
of Samuel Kennedy, ('rook. Northerly on the County Road, & 
burying Yard, extending Westerly near unto the Cove above 
Sheepscot Falls, and Extending down the Xeek Southwardly, 
at an equal width at each End, until the Ten Acres be com- 
pleated — Ninety Nine Acres of the Homestead farm 
hounded, as Follows, beginning three pole from the Centre 
of the House the s d James now lives in on s d Land, to the 
North East of s d House, and runs West to Cargills Cove so 
called, thence up said Cove, until it meets Samuel Kennedys 
Land, and So North Easterly by s d Kennedy's Land, and 
County Road on the North East, South Easterly by a Town 
Road, on the south West on Land belonging to the Heirs of 
Jn° Hodge, Southwest on a Branch of Sheepseott River, 
Northerly on Cargills Creek afores d until it comes where Six 
Rods End, from the Line that Runs from the three Rods, to 
the North East of s d House, on the North Line that meets 
the Cove afores d from thence East Twenty Six Rods, thence 
North Six Rods, thence West to meet the first Mentioned 
bound, Also the Island Known by the Name of Cargills 
Island, Containing About ninety three Acres of Lapland, and 
Seventeen Acres of Salt Marsh, bounded as follows, West & 
North West on Woodbridges Narrows, North East and South 
East on a branch of Sheepseott River Afores d Southwesterly 
by a Creek and Ditch in the Marsh, Also Six Acres of Marsh 
At the head of the reach, on s d branch of Sheepseott River, 
North Easterly on said Branch, Southwesterly on Peter 
Patterson's Creek, Northwest On Land belonging or in pos- 
session of Robert Cockran Jun r Also about Seven Acres of 



312 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Marsh at the head of Kennedys Marsh, so called bounded 
South West on Marsh belonging to Henry Hodge, West on 
Upland, East on the Main Creek North East on Marsh be- 
longing to the Widow Allen. Also about Eighteen Acres of 
Marsh laying in Kennedys Marsh aforesaid, bounded South 
on Marsh belonging to Widow Allen, East on the main Creek 
West on the Upland North on Marsh belonging to Henry 
Hodge, Also, About Nine Acres of Salt Marsh and Two 
hundred & fifty Acres of Upland, bounded as follows, West 
on Pattersons Creek and Land, Northerly on Cramwells 
Reach, East on the mouth of Aliens Marsh & Cove, until you 
come near to a Large round Rock at the Edge of the Upland, 
and so extending Southwesterly, taking in all the Upland 
untill Two hundred & fifty nine Acres of Upland and Marsh 
be Compleated, Excepting two made pieces of Marsh Laying 
on Crumwells Reach belonging one to Robert Hodge Jun r 
the other piece Belonging to persons Unknown, Of all which 
pieces and Parcels of Land, the said James is a tennant in 
Common with Others to the s d Appraisers unknown, Viz, the 
s d James of one undivided fifth part, of every piece and parcel 
of the Land Aforesaid, which undivided fifth part, of every 
piece and Parcel of the Land aforesaid, held in Common, we 
Appraise at the Sum of Ten Thousand, Seven hundred and 
Thirty one pound fifteen, Shillings, & Eight pence to Satisfy 
this Execution and all fees, in Witness whereof we have 
hitherto Set our hand this Thirtieth Day of June A. D. 
1780 — 

Christopher Erskin 
David Sylvester 
Timothy Parsons 
And afterward on the first Day of July 1780 I deliver'd 
possession & Seizen of one Undivided fifth part, of each of 
the Above described Pieces of Land, in full Satisfaction of 



OF III i; STATE OF MAINE 313 

this Execution and all fees thereupon arisen the fee of Levy- 
ing this Execution & Aprisal tV All ('luirires being .Vine 
liundred and Eight pounds five shillings which possession, 
and Seizen I then deliver'd to the said Ebenezer Whittier and 
John Langdon, the Creditors, and therefore return this 
Execution fully Satisfied, 

July the first we then Received said Possession & Seizen 
of said Lands in full Satisfaction, hereof of the said David 
Murray deputy Sheriff John Langdon 

Ebenezer Whittier 
A true Copy of the Governments 

Execution to me directed 

David Murray Dep ty Sheriff 

Order for 2 Whale Boats. 

Boston June 13, 1780 
Gentlemen 

Please to dlr Waterman Thomas Esq. AD Q M G two 

Whale Boats for the use of the Post at Camden, for the use 

of the Continental Army, and You will Oblige 

Your Obedient Sv l 

Thos Chase 

DQ MG 
The Hon Board of War 

Received the above Boats with Six Oars 

p r Waterman Thomas 

A Q M G. 



Joseph Sewall Appointed to Receive ClotJting. 

In the House of Representatives June 14 1780 

The House by ballot, made choice of Mr. Joseph Sewall, 
as an Agent to receive Cloathing in the County of York, in 



314 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



the room of the Hon ble Edward Cutt Esq. who is excused from 
that Service 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 

In Council June 14, 1780 
Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Sec'y. 



Resolve impowering the Treasurer. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 
In the House of Representatives June 14 th 1780 

Whereas some delays have Taken place in the Settlement 
with this States Quota of the Continental Army by Reason 
of the Notes to be given for their respective Ballances not 
being ready when wanted — Therefore — *{ Resolved that 
the Treasurer of this State be & he hereby is Impowered & 
directed to Employ one or More Persons in addition to those 
already Employed in Strikeing off Said Notes or Take Such 
other Measures as will Effectually prevent any delay here- 
after 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 

In Council June 14: 1780 
Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Secy. 
Consented to 

Jere Powell B Austin Sam 1 Niles 

T Cushing A Wood A. Fuller 

W Spooner Tho s Durfee J. Stone 

J Fisher N. Cushing T. Danielson 

B White R. T. Paine S. Choate 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 31S 

lirsoln- I'lijiiiij <m I'Jmhanjo on all Vessels. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 
In the House of Representatives .Juno 14 th 1780 

Whereas the present Crisis is pregnant with the most im- 
portant Events to the Countrv and a Vigorous iv. immediate 
attention to the Requisition of the Committee of Congress 
and Gen 1 Washington for filling up the Continental Army 
and forwarding Suplyes Will probably produce the most 
happy Effects and as the Necessary Measures for that End 
will he greatly embarrassed unless as .Many effective Men as 
are in the State be retained in it and for this End an imme- 
diate Embargo is unavoidable. Therefore Resolved that 
from & after the Fifteenth day of June Instant no Ship or 
Vessel other than Coasting and Fishing Vessels be permitted 
to Sail from any port or Harbour in the County of Suffolk. 
Nor after the Sixteenth day of the same June from any port 
or Harbour in the County of Essex Plimouth or Barnstable 
Nor after the Eighteenth day of the same June from any 
other port or Harbour in this State, until the further order 
of the Gen 1 Court or the Councill in the Recess thereof — 
and the Several Naval officers and Commanders of Forts in 
this State are directed to take Notice hereof & govern them- 
selves accordingly — and it is further Resolved that if any 
Ship or Vessel Shall Sail out of any port or Harbour in this 
State Contrary to this Resolve — one fourth part thereof To- 
geather with the Cargo on Hoard the same shall be forfeit 
to the use of any Person who shall Prosecute in the Maritime 
Court for the same *i and whereas it may so happen that 
some vessels may be in peculiar Circumstances, and it may 
be necessary that permits be given for their Sailing notwith- 
standing this embargo therefore be it further Resolved that 
the Hon ble Councill are hereby impowered to grant permits 
for any vessel to Sail and order the Xavil officer for the port 



316 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



from whence such Vessel is to sail to Cleare her out where 
they shall Judge the Circumstances of the Case absolutely 
require it — and it is further Resolved that the Secretary 
of this State is hereby Directed to furnish the several Xavil 
officers in this State in the most Expeditious Maner Posible 
With a Coppy of the foregoing Resolutions 

Sent up for Concurrence John Hancock Spk r 

In Council June 15 th 1780 

Read & Concurred John Avery D Sec'y. 

Consented to — 

Jer. Powell H. Gardner J Simpson 

W Spooner J Stone Aaron Wood 

T Gushing N Gushing Tho s Durfee 

J Fisher T. Danielson S. Choate 

B White A. Fuller 

B. Austin Sam Niles 



Petition of Joseph Reed. 

To the Honorable the Council & the Honorable the House of 
Representatives of the State of Massachusetts Bay 

The Petition of Joseph Reed of Boothbay in the County 
of Lincoln Humbly sheweth 

That on the 22 d Ult. the sloop Ranger, of ninety tons, as 
good as new, the property of your Petitioner, alone, sailed 
from Townsend Harbor in said town ; & before she had got 
out of the sound fell into the hands of a party of the British 
forces stationed at Penobscut commanded by James Rider 
Mowatt a Cap 1 of the King's Rangers, so called. 

That your Petitioner, with a few of his neighbours then 
ashore, embarked in a sloop at anchor in the harbour & gave 
chase to the said enemies: & on the 23 d took the armed boat 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE '■', 1 7 

in which was the said Mowatl & nine others: *^ brol them 
from Pcnobscut bay into the harbour of Townsend aforesaid. 

That soon after this Capture was made, the said Mowatt, 
as Commander of the party, made offer to restore the said 
sloop, in the same order in which she was taken, together with 

a new schooner of 25 tons, taken by him the foregoing day; 
on condition that he with the other prisoners, should be Bet at 
liberty, <\- consented to remain with us as an hostage until the 
s d vessels were delivered. 

That your Petitioner, with the Company, unwilling to do 
any thing that might be an injury to the public, whatever 
advantage might be thence derived to themselves, thought it 
not proper to enter into any negociation on the matter, till 
first they had consulted General Wadsworth & obtained his 
consent. 

AY i th these principles your petitioner made a journey to S 4 
Georges, & very readily obtained the General's approbation of 
the exchange; but on his return to Townsend therewith, he 
found Mowatt disposed to quibble & evasion ; which induced 
him to suspend a conclusion of the treaty until he had again 
waited on & consulted with the General; but when the Gen- 
eral manifested some regrett at the concessions formerly 
made, your Petitioner freely relinquished all thoughts of 
availing himself of them, & chearfully delivered up one of 
the said prisoners to himself, & the rest to an officer whom he 
appointed to receive them. 

In consequence of which your Petitioner has, on the public 
behalf, lost a valuable interest which he could easily have 
saved had he been less attentive to the good of the com- 
munity than to his own; in this however he was encouraged 
by the General's confidence that the Honorable Court would 
not be insensible of the importance of the acquisition thereby 
secured to the United States; & he would be readily prompted 



318 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

by their own innate principles of Honor & Justice, not to 
suffer the exertions that obtained it to pass unrewarded & 
therefore that your Petitioner would find no difficulty in 
obtaining full compensation for the damage thereby incurred 

By this damage your Petitioner must suffer what at any 
time would not a little affect the interest of a person in his 
circumstances, who has no other way of supporting a numer- 
ous & helpless family than by the earnings of a coasting sloop : 
But at this juncture, & in the circumstances of your peti- 
tioner & of the place where he dwells, the loss is such to him 
as can hardly be repaired. 

Confiding therefore in the Honor & Generosity of this 
Hon ble Court & trusting to the encouragement given him by 
General Wadsworth, your Petitioner, by the General's direc- 
tion, has, at great expence, made a Journey from Boothbay to 
this place, to wait upon your Honors for redress: & most 
humbly entreats this Honorable Court to take his case into 
your wise consideration, & grant him compensation for his 
said damage, in such manner as, to your Honors, in your 
Wisdom & Justice, shall appear meat. 

and your Petitioner as in duty bound shall ever pray 

Joseph Reed 

B. Austin to Col. Masereau. 

Boothbay — June 14 th 1780 
Smouse — Rutland 
Claire — Deserted 
Linginhoof — Rutland 
Gammon — Deserted 
Col 1 Masereau 

please to let me know whether you have all the above 
persons at Rutland as Prisoners 

Your humb 1 Serv 1 B. Austin 



OF THE STATE OK MAINE 319 

Memorial of Selectmen of Boothbay. 

State of Massachusetts Bay — 

To the Hono bIe Council & House of 
Representatives in General Court Assembled 
The Memorial] of the Selectmen of the Town of Boothbay 
Humbly Shews That the Late Selectmen of Said Town: 
have for Sum Reason or other unknown to your Memorilles 
Neglected to Tax Assess the Inhabitants of the said Town of 
Boothbay with the two Last Taxes Laid on Said Town by 
the General Court by Reason of which the s d Taxes are not 
Collected and the Treasurer of this State has Now Isued his 
Warrant against the Collecters of said Town for the Several 
Sums set on said Town to pay while they have it not in their 
Power to Collect the same: your Memorilles therefore con- 
sider they have it not in their Power to Assess the In- 
habitants of said Town for those Taxes which ware set to 
said Town before their Choise into office: your Memorilles 
therefore Pray for the Interposition of this Honourable 
Court that the Late or Presint Selectmen might be impowered 
to assess the Inhabitants of said Town for those Taxes & as 

in Duty Bound Shall ever Pray 

Benj a Sawyer 

p r orders 
June 16: 1780 



Report of Committee in re Brig Tyranieide. 

In the House of Representatives June 16, 1780 

The Committee on the petition of John Cathcart late Com- 
mander of the State Brig Tiranaside have attended that 
service and find that by a Resolve of Council of July the 3 d 
1779 the Com tte appointed to Enlist men for maning the 
Ships A: Vessels Distined on the Expedition to Penobscot 



320 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



were in said resolve Impowerd & Directed to Publish & De- 
clare to all persons Inclining to take part in said Expedition 
that the State would not Directly or Indirectly share any 
part of any arm d vessel or ship or transport or other vessel 
which might be Captur d by the fleet Distined to penobscot 
or by any Vessel thereto belonging and that the share that 
might accrue to this State shall acrue to the Captor & be 
shared among them — and the petitioner being Engaged in 
that Expedition & in Consequence of said resolve Intitled to 
his part of all prizes that would otherwise have belonged to 
this State — 

Your Committee are of oppinnion that the petitioner Can- 
not have any just Claim on this State for Damages he Sus- 
tained in the loss mentioned in his petition 
Sent up for Concurrence 
Read & accepted 



In Council June 16 l 1780 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery 
Consented to — 

Jer Powell A. Wood 

W. Spooner A Fuller 

N". Cushing B. White 

J Fisher B Austin 

T Cushing J Stone 



John Hancock Spk r 



D Sec'y. 



J Simpson 
S Choate 
E Brooks 
Sam 1 Bass 
Tho s Durfee 



Resolve Directing Selectmen of Boothbay. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives June 16, 1780 
on the Memoriall of the Selectmen of the Town of Booth- 
bay seting forth that the Late Selectmen of said Town have 
Neglected to Asses the Inhabitants of said Town in the two 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE '■'>! I 

last Preceading State Taxes and thai the Selectmen for the 
present year, cannot by Law assess the same whereby great 
[nconveniences have arrison — 

Therefore Resolved thai the Selectmen of The said Town 
of Boothbay for the Time being be and they hereby are im- 
powered and Directed as soon as May be to assess the Polls 
& Estates of the Inhabitants of the said Town of Boothbay 
with the full sums sel to said Town in the two A Last ,: Pre- 
ceading Tax ' ads and commit Perfect Lists of the Said 
assessments to the Constables or Collectors of the said Town 
of Boothbay Requiring them to geather the same and Pay 
them in to the Treasurer of this State without Delay, and 
the said Constables or Collectors are hereby impowered & 
Directed to gather the same any Law of this State to the 

contrary notwithstanding and it is further Resolved 

that the Treasurer of the State be & he hereby is Directed to 
stay his Executions againsl said Constables or Collectors 
until y" further order of this Court 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spkr. 
In Council J une 16, 1 780 

Read & Concurred with an amendment at A & I! 

Send down for Concurrence, 

John Avery I) Sec'y. 
tit A insert Tax lots preceding the 
at P. dele from B to C 
In the House of Representatives -June IT, L780 

Read & concurred John Hancock Spk r 

Consented to — 

J Bowdoin B. White J Simpson 

Jere Powell X. Cushing E Brooks 

W. Spooner J Stone A Wood 

T Cushing A Fuller Thos Durfee 

R. T Paine Sam Xiles S. Choate 

21 



P»22 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Receipt. 

Boston 17 June 1780 
This may Certifie that I have received of Cap* Isaac 
Philips an Iron Harth w l five hundred no Quarters & four- 
teen pounds for the Use of the Ship Mars belonging to the 
State of Massachusetts Bay 

Sim 11 Samson 

To the Hon 1 the Board of War State of Massachusetts Bay. 



Deposition Tim Langdon Esq r 

I Timothy Langdon at Lawfull Age testify & declare that 
about a fortnight or three weeks before the time appointed 
for the tryal of the sloop Nancy Peleg Crooker formerly 
Master & part owner, the said Crooker applied to me & 
enquired if a libel was filed against the said Sloop, I told him 
there was, he then produced to me a paper which purported 
an order of Court directed to the Committee of Boothbay 
directing the said Committee to deliver the same Sloop to said 
Crooker, if the s d Crooker would pay all costs that had arisen, 
I told the s d Crooker I could do nothing about the said Sloop 
unless he applied to the Libellant, but at the same time told 
him if he would file a claim the matter would properly come 
before the Court & Jury, he replied, I will not file a claim 
I'll be damned first I have had plague enough about the Sloop 
& I will not be at, any more expence about her if I lose her, — 
afterwards on the day of the tryal of said Sloop the said 
Crooker was present in Court, & I allowed him to speak to the 
Jury & he then produced a paper and desired leave to offer 
it to the Jury, I looked at the paper & it was only sign'd 
by Benjamin Sawyer a chairman of the Committee of Booth- 



OF THE 8TATB OF MAINE 323 

bay <V Certified by him to be a copy of an order of Court 

which I told .Mr Crooker could not be admitted as evidence 

and further saith not 

Tim Langdon 

Lincoln ss April l'iT 1 177!). 

Then Timothy Langdon Esq* above named personally ap 
peared & after being carefully examined & duely eaution'd 
to testify the whole truth & nothing but the truth, made 
Solemn Oath to the Truth of the above Deposition by him 
subscribed, taken at the request of Obe Hubbs to be used in 
an Action or Plea of Covenant broken, to be heard cV try'd 
at the next Superior Court of Judicature kc to be holden at 
Ipswich in the County of Essex on the third Tuesday of 
June next, wherein Samuel Bailey & others are the original 
plaintiffs & the s' 1 Obe Eubbs is original Defend 1 this De- 
ponanl Living & being at Pownalborough more than thirty 
miles from the place of Trial is the reason of this Caption & 
the s' 1 Bailey & others the adverse parties living & being at 
NTewbury Port more than twenty miles from the place of 
Caption was neither notified nor present — 

Before me 

JSTatk 1 Thwing Just Peace 



Witness attend 1 day 


a . 7 . 6 


Justice travel 30 miles 


1.7.0 


1 Subpena 


.3. 


taking affidavit 


3.0 


Writing Deposition, Caption, \ 
Sealing & Directing &c \ 


1.4.0 




E3.4.6 


Essex County June 18 th 1779 




Op< 


3iied in Court 




Allen Shaw, Cler. 



324 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petition Town Bristol. 

To the Honourable the Senate & House of Representatives of 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

Gentlemen, this may Inform you that we your Petitioners 
the Selectmen, and Militia Officers, of the Town of Bristol, 
in the County of Lincoln, and State of the Massachusetts 
Bay, being Appointed a Committee, by S d Town to Petision 
your Honours, in their behalf, Therefore the Petision of us 
the Subscribers Humbley Sheweth, that we bare trew and 
Faithfull Allegance to the Thirteen United States of America 
— and we Ever was, and still are ready and willing, to Main- 
tain and Defend, S d States to the uttermost in our Power, but 
upon a Strict Examination we find we are in want of Arms 
and Ammunision, by which means we are unable to Defend 
our-selves, and to do the Service to the State, that we would 
wish and Desire to do, We therefore Pray your Honours to 
Suplie us with Eighty Stand of Arms, two Hundred Weight 
of Powder, Six Hundred Weight of Lead, Six Hundred 
Flints, and to send a bill of them, together with the Time of 
payment, and you may Depend on being Punktualy paid att 
the Time, and your Petisioners as in Duty bound Shall ever 

pray, &c, Henry Hunter ) Selectmen 

Henry Fassit ) of Bristol 

William Jones C o1 George James Yeats 

Tho s Brackett Henry Hunter 

Bristol June, 21, 1780 

Execution of Judgment Stayed. 

State of Mass ts Bay 

In the House of Representatives June 22 d 1780 
Whereas at an Inferior Court of common Pleas holden at 
Pownalborough within and for the County of Lincoln on the 
first Tuesday of this present month. *\\ Ebenezer Whittier 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE '-'rl'< 

and John Langdoii Jun* both of Pownalborough aforesaid 
Yeomen recovered Judgment against .James Cargill of New 

Castle in the same County Gentleman, for the Sum of 
Thirteen Thousand one Hundred & twenty three Pounds, 
Eighteen Shillings Damages and Twenty two Pounds & six- 
teen Shillings Costs 

Upon the Petition of the said -lames Cargill it is Resolved 
that the Execution of the said Judgment be stayed until] the 
third Wednesday of the next Session of this Court, and the 
Sheriffs of each of the Counties in this State and their re- 
spective Deputies and Under Sheriffs are hereby directed and 
Commanded during the mean Time not to execute or 
serve any Executions of the Judgment aforesaid either on the 
Person or any Part of the Estate of the said James Cargill, 
and the said Ebenezer Whittier and John Langdon are by 
the said James Cargill to be served with a Copy hereof to 
shew Cause if any they have wherefore the said Judgment 
should be executed. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

Jn° Hancock Sj>k r 
In Council June 23 d 1780 

Read & Concurred 

Jn° Avery D Secy 

Consented to by the Maj r Part of the Council 

True Copy Attest 

John Avery D Secy 



Resolve on the Letter from (lent. Wadsworth. 

In Council June 22 d 1780 

Read & Ordered — That Samuel Baker Esq 1 " with such as 
the Hon b,e House shall join be a Committee to take into Con- 



326 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

sideration this Letter and the Petition of Joseph Reed ac- 
companying the same & to report what is proper to be done 
thereon — 

Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery D Secy. 

In the House of Representatives June 22 1780 

Read & Concurred & Maj r Davis & Mr Rowe are join'd 

John Hancock Spk r 

The Committee appointed to consider. the foregoing Letter 

and the petition accompanying the same have Examined said 

papers and ask Leave to Report the Following Resolve which, 

Humbly Submitted. 

Sam 1 Baker pr order 

Superscribed: Hon ble Jeremiah Powell Esq r President of 

Council Massachusetts Bay. 

In Council June 1780 

Whereas it is Represented by a Letter from Gen 1 Wads- 
worth and the petition of Joseph Reed accompanying the 
same that on the 22 nd of May Last in the Harbour of Town- 
send, was Captured by James Ridor Mowat Cap 1 of the 
Kings Rangers (so called a Sloop called the Rangers Late 
the property of the s d Reed and that on the Day Following 
the said Cap 1 Mowat with nine others ware Captured by said 
Reed and others ; that then the said Mowat offered to restore 
the s d Sloop Together with a Schooner Taken by him the 
preceeding Day, in the same condition in which they ware 
Taken, on Condition that he s d Mowat with the other 
Prisoners should be sett at Liberty — But the said General 
Doughting of his Athority in that Case, has Refered said 
Reed to the Council for an order respecting that matter. 

Therefore Resolved that Brigadier General Peleg Wads- 
worth be and he is hereby Fully Impower'd and Athorized 
to agree to an Exchange of the said Mowat and the other 



OF THE STATE OE .maim-: 327 

prisoners aforesaid, for said Vessels or a proper Equivalent 
on such Terms as he shall judge honorable and Beneficial to 
the State it' the Said Mowal Shall still be Disposed to agree 
(o said Exchange; and thai the said Mowal with the other 
prisoners in the mean time be at the Disposal of the s d Gen- 
eral and thai if the said Sloop be Recovered or an Equivalent 
She or s d Equivalent Shall Reverl to and be delivered to her 
Former owner the s d Joseph Reed 
In Council June 24' 1780 
Read & Accepted 

Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery D Sec'y 
In the House of Representatives June 24 th 1780 



Resolve for Appointing Commissioners. 

In the House of Representatives June 22 — 1780 

Whereas the present Exigencies of the public, require a 
punctual payment of taxes, and most towns in the State have 
advanced and are advancing their taxes, even before the time 
required by law for their payment. 

Resolved, that in any ease where the payment of the first 
moiety of the tax which is required to be discharged, on the 
15 th of July next, shall not be compleatd on the 31 st of July 
next, the Treasurer of this State be, and he is hereby directed 
to issue his Executions against all Constables & Collectors 
who shall then be delinquent as aforesaid — 

Resolved that Commissioners be appointed for the Counties 
of Cumberland, Lincoln, Dukes County & Nantucket, to take 
measures for collecting immediately the second Moiety of the 
tax which is order'd to be paid into the Treasury on the 15 th 
of September next. — 



828 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



and that Sam 1 Freeman and John Lewis Esq rs be appointed 
Commissioners for the County of Cumberland ; Charles 
Gushing Esq 1 " & Xath 1 Thoing Esq r for the County of Lin- 
coln ; Stephen Hussey & James Atheam Esq rs for the County 
of Nantucket & Dukes County. — 

And it is Resolved that the Resolution of the General As- 
sembly of the 15 th instant, for collecting money, as it desig- 
nates the duty of Commissioners, Selectmen, Committees of 
Correspondence and the Inhabitants and every other clause 
and article therof, relating to every other matter and thing 
therein contained, shall avail and be observed by the Com- 
missioners, Selectmen, Committee and Inhabitants of the said 
Counties of Cumberland, Lincoln, Nantucket & Dukes 
County, (excepting so far as said Resolution relates to the 
first moiety of the tax to be paid on or before the 15 th of July 
next) as fully and compleatly as they might and would have 
done, if the names of those Counties had been particularly 
named in said Resolution. — 

And the Commissioners are hereby enjoined to convey the 
money they are severally to collect, to the Treasury of this 
State, with utmost expedition. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 

In Council June 24 th 1780 
Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Sec'y. 



Consented to 
J Bowdoin 
Jer Powell 
W. Spooner 
R. T. Paine 
E. Austin 



B. White 
Jno Pitts 
J Stone 
A. Fuller 
E Brooks 



Sam 1 Baker 
J. Simpson 
Aaron Wood 
Thos Durfee 
S. Choate 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



329 



List of Prisoners Sent by L' Steavens. 



Prisoners Nanus 


When 

Taken 


Where 

Taken 


By whom 


James Morehead 


June 1780 


Bragaduce 


Lieu 1 Foster 


Dumer MoGrigery 


d° 


ditto 




Robert Wall 


ditto 


ditto 
Penobscott 




John Follet 


d° 


River 


Cap' Blunt 


John Brown 


d° 


ditto 




John Scott 


.1" 


d° 




Aron Terry 


d° 


d° 




John Anderson 


d° 


d° 




Jack Linkester 


d° 


d° 




Tho 8 Vintenor 


July 1780 


Newfoundland 


[ Protector 


Micael Baker 


ditto 


ditto 


) Cap 1 Williams 


Tho 8 Instey 


d° 


d° 




Robert Bennett 


d° 


d° 




W"' Jackson 


d° 


d° 




Abram Smith 


d° 


d° 




Tho B Howard 


ditto 


ditto 




Mical Kellehorn 


ditto 


ditto 




Joseph Thompson 


d° 


d° 




James McCloud 


d° 


d° 




Nath 1 Boof 


d° 


d° 




John Primer 


d" 


d° 




Jeremiah hooper 


d° 


d° 




Daniel Boyon 


July 1780 


Newfoundland 


Capt Williams 


Pilip Rogers 


ditto 


ditto 




Timothy Linch 


ditto 


ditto 




Henery Eagle 


ditto 


ditto 




Thomas Brinton 


ditto 


ditto 




Timothy Howard 


ditto 


ditto 




James Dilloway 


ditto 


ditto 




Thomas Brinton 


ditto 


ditto 





330 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Representation of Christoper Neivbit 

To the Hon ble the Senate, & House of Representatives John 
Lucas In behalf of Chrisopher Xewbit a Soldier, in Cap 1 
Phillip M. Ulmers, Comp y & who lost his Right Arm, 28 th 
July 1779 at Majorbigwaduce as Appears, by a Coppey of 
a Certificate Tacken from the records of Pensioners 

John Lucas Com sy 
Pension Office at Boston 12 th Ap 1 1781 

Certificate in Favor Christopher Newbit. 

This Certifies that Christoper Xewbit was a Soldier in 
My Company, and who lost his right Arm at Majorbigwa- 
duce, 28 th of July 1779 — 

Phillip M. Ulmer Maj or 

Waldoborough 24 th July 1780 

Pension Office at Boston, 12 th Ap 1 17S1 
A Coppey attested 

John Lucas Com sry of Pensioners 
[The petitkms belonging to these certificates were lost at 
date of the one below — (See indorsement thereon] 

Letter from Gen 1 Wadsivorth Respect 9 Deserters &c. 

Head Quarters Thomaston 25 June 1780 
Sir 

I receiv'd your Favour of the 9 th May, am hapy in your 
Hono rs Approbation therein exprest, & have good Expectation 
from the Encouragement therein given, that the Troops 
destin'd for this Department will soon arive. They are ex- 
ceedingly wanted. 

Our Numbers are the same as mentiond in my last, with 
the Deduction of the three Months men (whose Term is 



OF THE STATE OF MAIM', '.'/.'A 

expir'd) & the small Detatchmenl with two whale Boats that 
were sent to Machias. And here I cannot bul mention that 
of the lii'st Detatchmenl order'd from the County of Yo 
1 have bad only two Officers & nine men in Camp. It is 
necessary thai the Remainder should be sent on. 

I have the Pleasure to acquainl your Honor of the ( iapture 
of two arm'd Schooners from Bigwaduce, by a party of Whale 
Boats under the Command of ( lap 1 Blunt. 

Having Intelligence thai they had gone up Penobscott 
River with an Intent to gel some Cannon to complete several 
('misers that were fitting out against us, I dispatch'd a party 
of five Whale Boats with forty six men under the Command 
of Cap 1 Blunt, to surprise k (if possible) to capture them: 
which he effected, just as they had finished their Business k 
were making Sail to get down the River. They had a X lim- 
ber of Cannon in their Holds with the greater Part of Col 
Brewers house, which they had taken down. 

One of the Schooners is about fifty Tons, mounting four 
( 'arriage Guns <S: a Number of Swivels. The other about 30 
Tons completely equipt with Cannon & Swivels & a very fine 
Cruiser. The Crews escaped by running the Vessels on 
Shore after they Struck; Twelve only were made Prisoners 
amongst which is one Cap 1 Xath 1 Gardner (formerly of Ken- 
nebeck, k the Surgeon of the Albany. Cap 1 Blunt in effect- 
ing this Capture without the Loss of a man, merits Applause. 
The Enemy lost one man drown'd cV* one wounded. 

The Prizes were no sooner in at ('lam Cove in Cambden, 
than the whole naval Force of Bigwaduce appear'd in pur- 
suit ; <»n their Approach they appear'd to have Troops <S: Boats 
for landing. The neighbouring Militia were eall'd for, who 
turn'd out readily, the largest Schooner was hawl'd up & her 
Cannon taken on Shore. It not seeming expedient to lay 
the Small Schooner on Shore lest she should receive Damage 



332 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

She was sent out to Sea & made her escape, whilst the Enemy 
stood into the opposite side of the Cove. After plying across 
the Cove for about three Hours k finding Some preparations 
making for a Dispute they declined puting the Question k 
quietly StearVl up the Sound from whence they Came. 
After which the Cannon were again put on Board k the prize 
sent Round for S l Georges River, where they are both hourly 
expected. 

Xot having any Account of the Appointment of a Surgeon 
or Mate for Col Primes Regiment or this Port, k being in 
great need of one in this Quarter, I appointed Doctor Will 1 " 
Elliot P T. Who has acted Since the 20 th May as surgeon — 
k if one has not been Appointed for this Quarter T would 
recommend Doctor Elliot a Suitable Person for a Surgeon. 
He has a Medicine Chest that will answer for the Present. 

The Continental Deserters in this County are in general 
dispossed to take the Benefit of the Late Act of the State 
respecting them, but most of them are unable to bare their 
Expences to their respective Regiments ; which will be a 
Reason why many will not join their Corps till their Day of 
Grace is out & they are apprehended. But should it be thot 
consistent with the Views of the State & the Good of the 
Service that the Deserters from the Continental Army in the 
three eastern Counties should repair to my Camp at this 
place & do duty here for the Campaign or till further Orders, 
I doubt not but it will be a means of a very general Collection 
of them k it would be saving their Service for this Season, 
as the greater part of it will otherwise be squandered away 
before they will join any Corps at all. Their Service is 
greatly wanted here. I beg to have an Answer to this Ques- 
tion as soon as convenient I am Sir with great respect 

your most humble Serv 1 

P Wadsworth B G 
Hon ble President of Council 



OF THE STATE OF MAIM. 333 

In Council July 1 1 th 1780 

Read & ( lommitted to Tim Danielson Esq r to take into 

Consideration this Letter and report what may be proper to 

be done thereon 

John Averv I) Secy 



Order Board of War. 

War Office Boston, June 26, 1780 

Sir/ 

Cap 1 Henry Ehvell has agreed with this Board, to bring 
a Number of blasts, from Falmouth for them, you will, there- 
fore please to deliver him Six of the Smallest Masts & the 
Bow Sprits which you have in your care, belonging to this 
Board, taking his Receipt for the Number delivered — 
Whatever necessary Expence you may be at in delivering 
them, the Board will readily allow — 

I am Sir Your hum Serv 1 By Order of the Hoard 

Jos. Chapman Sec y 
Cap* W m Frost Falmouth 



Martial Law Proclaimed in Lincoln County. 

Indian Eastern Department 
By John Allan Esq* Continent 1 Sup r Intend 1 & Commander 
in Chief of Indians Eastern Departm* and Commanding 
Officer at Machias — 

Whereas the Hono bIe the General Court of the State of 
Massachusetts Bay has in their Wisdom thot proper for the 
Security & Protection of the Inhabitants of the County of 
Lincoln in said State. & to prevent the Advantages Our Cruel 
Enemy may Reap by having Connection & Holding Corre- 
spondence with Those Tools of Despotism Still Lurking with- 



334 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

in the Bowels of Our Country, whereby Inteligence is given 
& Supplys procured for the Enemy, To the Great Detriment 
of the Glorious Cause of Liberty & the Interest & Honour 
of the United States of America in particular; To Authorize 
Brigadier Gene 1 Wadsworth to put the Law Martial in force 
in said County of Lincoln — Therefore Agreeable to the Re- 
solves of the Gene 1 Court & the Order of Brigadier General 
Wadsworth — I Do Proclame the Law Martial in this De- 
partment & the Eastern part of said County to the Boundary 
of Nova Scotia, Agreeable to the Proclamation Issued by 
Brigadier Gen 1 Wadsworth the 18 th of April Last — and all 
persons whatever is to Take Notice Accordingly — 

And Whereas many persons Unacquainted with the In- 
tentions of Government, & the Nature of the Martial Law, 
which might Create Uneasiness in their Minds, the Com- 
manding Officer of this Department, thot proper to post- 
pone puting said Martial Law in Execution, Till it was 
Known from Gen 1 Wadsworth the Meaning and Intent of it 
— Having therefore Recievd an Answer thereon & being in- 
clined to give every Satisfaction to the Good & peaceable 
Subjects of the United States within the Circle of my Com- 
mand, I do here Insert a True Coppy of Gen 1 Wadsworths 
Instructions & Advice thereon as followeth — 

"Extract of A Letter dated Head Quarters Thomaston 
June 11 th 1780 

"Your Observations Respecting the Execution of Martial 
Law was very Just, my Intent however in Extending it thro 
the Country, was that Any person Offending against the 
Proclamation, even in that part of the Country more Imme- 
diately within Your Department might be Fairly Tryable by 
a General Court Appointed by my Order in Any part of the 
County — For this End (by Your Consent) I do hereby 
Appoint Colo 1 John Allan President of a General Court 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 335 

Martial to be held at Mechias Any Time within Six Mounths 
from the date hereof, with Power to Call in the Officers of 
the Neighbouring Millitia in Conjunction with his own Offi- 
cers, to Compose a Gene 1 Courl Martial, and to Try Any 
Offenders Againsl the United States, within the discription 
& Limits of my Proclamation of the I s "' April Last, Agree- 
able to the Rules and Regulations of the < Jontinental Army — 

Tn Order to give the Good 1 nlialiitiints a Jusl Idea of this 

Declaration of the Martial Law, it would be well to Inform 
them, Thai the Whole Intent of it, is to Cut off the Conection 
1. etween the Inhabitants & the Enemy and to punish Offend- 
ers of that Kind, and that the Civil Law is so farr from being- 
Suspended in all Other Respects, that it is Intended to be 
Strengthen d by it — 

Great Prudence is Also Requisite, Flagrant Offenders or 
Xone — Severity or Mildness — Precision & Decision are 
Murks in my View — Offenders to the Eastward of Majaw- 
bagaduce perhaps might be Most Conveniently Tryed with 
Yours'' "I am &c P. Wadsworth B. G. 

Given under my Hand at Head Quarters Mechias June 
26 th 1780 J. Allan 

By Command of the Sup 1 ' Intend' & Command 8 Officers 
Ja s Avery Sec y to the Departm 1 

Conference Willi the Indians. 

Indian Eastern Department 

Passamequody Indian Camps di.'y 1 st 1780 
The whole of the Several Nations having assembled to- 
gether in Conference, Sup 1 In 1 ' Speaks — "Brothers, When 

1 left you last. I expected not to have been here so soon, as 
I had much bussiness to do to the Westward, bu1 bearing of 
our friends from Penobscotl being here, at yoUT Invitation I 
have Come. — 



336 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

"Brothers I am ready to attend any Council you may re- 
quire, to give any advice in my power for your satisfaction — 

"Brothers, I have but with me one friend & Brother Colo 
Campbell, who has been to the Westward on bussiness for 
you & me, according to your Desire he now stands before you 
& will Communicate the whole of his proceedings." 

(Colo Campbell Repeated over the several matters hap- 
pened during the Winter) the Superintendent then said, — 

"Brothers, I Cannot Stay Long, my return is Necessary, 
in order to prepare matters for the Westward — you will 
therefore be as expiditious as possible in Transacting your 
business, & to make Known what you have to say." 

About 10 OClock arrived three Indians from S l Johns 
River, express from M r Buck & Major Studholm — the Priest 
required their Attendance immediately, if they wanted any- 
thing done in the Church way. — Major Studholm in a letter 
acquaints them of the Priests arrival, promising protection 
& Kind Treatment, if they will return to the River S l Johns 
— a Grand Conference immediately takes place among them- 
selves to Answer this, after some time the Superintendent 
was Called, Pier Tomma rises, 

"Brother, We are happy — our hearts are glad to see you 
well, & we thank that Great & Kind father, that letts us Come 
togeather to see Each other, that by our Lips we may shew 
the Sincerity of our Hearts, — Chiefs, Sachems, Young men, 
our Women & Children Salute you, believe us Brother we 
love you, — you have done as our father — we saw your Dif- 
ficultys this Winter, we see the Trouble you took to keep our 
Women & Children alive, — God bless & preserve you & 
family (a String of Wampum) 

"Brother you will Tell our brother Campbell, that we 
thank him for the good News he brings, we Salute him with 
a good Heart, 



or THE STATE OF MAINE ^'17 

"Brothers We thank these greal men, that has made us 
Mich good promises, bul yon have said allways very much 
about it, bul we now Bee the most of our Women & Children 
Naked — we are willing to do our share in the \V;ir, bul you 
know we have been Keep'd from our hunting to help you in 
Defending the Country, by which we have become poor, 
which mighl have been otherways if we had followed our 
bussiness — 

"Brother, our greal Trouble is about a Iveverend father to 
take Care of our Souls, — Great Charges & Guilt Lyes upon 
them, we have much to Answer for, & must soon go where we 
Can find one to tell our faults — a long Time we have been 
promised to have one from the Americans, hut we are Still 
without, — 

''Brothers What yon Told us before you left this place at 
our lasl Conference we have thought much about, we have 
searched our Hearts, our Eyes & our Ears are Open, we have 
agreed all to one thing, our Chiefs Captains, Youngmen, 
Women & Children, the Americans are our Brothers we love 
them — 

"Brother, Being at this Time Anxious to tell all our 
brothers of America our mind & that they may Know it 
Comes from our Hearts — we shall follow the sacred method 
which our fathers of old Did — therefore what we now say 
musi be believed, for it Comes from our Hearts — from the 
bottom of our Souls — we will now go on, Brother, — 

■ Brother yon heing one of our Tribe, you must Know our 
ways - bu1 if we did not Love you, we would not Trust you 
with this Sacred pledge — for we woud go with it ourselves — 

"Brother Here is a Belt of Wampum, which is made up 
from the Gifts of all in our Nation, from the least Child, — 
we presenl it to you in behalf oi' the American Congress \- 
the King of France our Antient Fathers, — you will hear us 

22 



338 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Tell you that this must he sent to them, — and Tell them 
from us, that this goes from our Hearts Warm with love 
towards them — from an Arm & body strong to fight for 
them — we now want to know from themselves what there 
hearts & minds is, — we salute them all, the Chiefs Sachems 
Young men Women & Children of America, & the King of 
France — May god take Care of them, — give them good 
Council & a Strong Arm to fight — (A belt of Wampum) 

"Brother, we are going to say something, that may be 
will not please you, — but the burthen upon our Souls is such, 
that we Cannot help it — 

"Brother, Here is an Express from the reverend Father on 
S l Johns River — we know him, & he knows us — he can 
Administer the ordenances in our own Language — from his 
Kindness to us, we think he will not Insist upon doing any- 
thing for Old England, if he Does, we will reject it & leave 
him — But as we think for the best — we have Come to a 
Determination to go and see him, we are sorry if it offends 
you, but we must go. — What Major Studhom wrote we take 
no Notice of — we do not Intend to Stop at the Fort — 

"Brother we shall now leave you a little while, but our 
Hearts will be with you- — and you may be sure that we shall 
not have any Concern with the Britains," — 

The Superintendent used every possible Argument, to 
Divert their Attention, but finding them Determined, took 
his leave & returned to Machias, a few Days after an Express 
was sent off to S l Johns, on the Arrival of the French fleet 
& Army, with other News — 

Message from the Morisheete Tribe, now on S l Johns 
River, bro't by Ambroise S* Aubin, Chief — 1[ "Brother, 
We Salute you every one of us — we woud Remind you of our 
Conference this Spring, particularly Respecting the Priest 
for the Salvation of our Souls — We are to Assure you, that 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 339 

our Language to the Britains is from our Lips only, but when 
we addre.-s the Aiiicii.Mii- *fc French its from our hearts — 
we earnestly entreat you when you receive any good Xews 
that Certainly may be rely'd upon lett us hear it, 

"Brother we want to see you — you are our brother & 
friend — we wish you well — if you Coud settle on S' Johns, 
we shoud be happy — we will take Care of you — for no one 
shall hurl yon, bu1 as von say so we will do, adieu for the 
present." 

M r Buck (the Prest) Discorse to the Merimacks adress'd 
to Chief. 

"My Children I woud have you Come to Halifax — Cast 
away those Titles of Authority given you by the American-. 
& leave these Combinations, break off every Connection with 
them, and Return to your old Friends, do this Candedly & 
yon shall have free Access to go into & out from the Towns 
& Villages of the King of England — " 

The Answer of Chief. If "No we will not, neither my 
Children, my Nephews, myself nor any of our Connections 
do this — but will remain firm friends to the Americans, 
what if we lose our lives in their Cause, they will Avenue us, 
& retaliate four fold, — then the priest Desired them to Con- 
fess their Sins & he woud give them absolution, they 
Answered they had nothing to Confess as yet, that wanted 
absolution" — 

Return o\' a Message sent to the Indians of S 1 Johns by 
Pier Toninia (one hand) & Joseph Sesch — July 28" 

''Brother, We the Chiefs Sachems, Young men, Women 
& Children Salute Colo. Allan & all his Officers & Greets 
them Well,— 

"Brother, we feel happy to have heard from you with the 
good Xews you sent us — 



340 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

"Brother you may rely our Hearts are fixed on you, & 
nothing Can alter our dispositions to the Americans & French 
— we will allways keep in mind what you Told us in our last 
Conference — our Hearts & hands are still firm — and wait 
your further orders — we have moved after seing the Priest 
into the Interior parts of the Country towards Passamequody 
Lakes, approaching nearer to you — 

"Brother, lett us allways hear from you, & you shall the 
same from us- — Do not neglect sending news how things are 
going to the Westward particularly lett us Know about the 
French — if Coming near us, and when we shall see a priest, 
to lead our Souls Right" — 

Return Upon Writ in re Schr. Nancy. 

State of Massachusetts Bay in .New England Essex Ss 
The Government and People of the said State 
To the several Sheriffs of Our Countys of Essex Suffolk 
Cumberland and Lincoln, their respective under Sheriffs or 
Deputys Greeting 

L. S. Whereas Stephen Hall of Boston in Our County of 
Suffolk Wharfinger and Peleg Crooker of Situate in Our 
County of Plymouth Coaster before our Justices of Our 
Superior Court of Judicature &c held at Ipswich in Our 
County of Essex on the third Tuesday of June last recovered 
Judgment for restitution of a certain Sloop called the Nancy 
burthen about Eighty Tons, her Cargo & appurtenances, 
/which was Libelled in the Maritime Court for the Eastern 
District in Our said State by James Cargill & others, and by 
decree of the same Court condemned/ Execution of which 
Judgment doth still remain to be done — 

We Command you therefore that without delay you cause 
the said Sloop Nancy with her Cargo & appurtenances, if 
they may be found in either of our precincts to be restored 



OP THE STATE 01 MAINE 3 1 1 

to the said Stephen Eall and Peleg ( Irooker, they paying your 
fees for bo doing: And make return of fchia Writ with youT 

doings therein, into the ( Office of the ( Herk of Our said ( lourl 
as soon as may be — 

Witness William Cushing Esq' at Boston the ninth day of 
July in the Year of Our Lord 1778 

Sam 1 Winthrop Cler 
Cumberland Ss July L8th 177s 

In obedience to the within Writ of Execution I have taken 
the Sloop Nancy within mentioned found at North Yarmouth 
in my precinct, & delivered & restored hur to Benjamin Shaw- 
Attorney to the within named Hall & Crooker for their use 
with two anchors & Cables hur standing & running Riging, 
but without Cargo Boat or Sails, she having none in, upon, 

or about hur when I found hur 

Benjamin Bayley Dep y 

A Copy Attest Oliver Peabody Cler. 

Mr John Langdon Wiscassett 



Peleg Wadsworth to Council. 

Head Quarters, Falm 10 July 1780 
Sir, 

On the 3 d Inst: I arrived at this Post from Thomaston, 
having spent six or seven weeks at that. While there the 
troops were constantly in scouting & cruizing on the Enemy. 
The Effects were good. The Success of their Enterprizes 
kept the Enemy pretty close at home; gave spirit & Con- 
tentment to the troops, who have been scantily suplied with 
provision; & inspired the [inhabitants, who were but too 
wavering, with some degree of Confidence. 

Agreeable to the Instructions of Council 1 have en 
deavoured to inform myself of the real temper & disposition 
of these Inhabitants. 1 find it better than I expected. Upon 



342 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

enquiry it appears too many complaints have been grounded 
on Animosity & personal Resentment. These I have 
endeavoured to remove by every mean in my power, & to 
effect a reconciliation of parties, & to cultivate mutual for- 
bearance & good will. I think I have had some success in 
my Endeavours, & hope to see some further good Effects. 
The greater part of the people in that part of the Country 
are disposed just as one would suppose them to be from their 
Situation & Circumstances. They wish well to the Ameri- 
can Cause, & would contribute what is in their power to the 
support of it: But they are Inhabitants of a new settled 
Country; thinly scattered over the Wilderness; fond of the 
lit tie substance they have at length got to support themselves. 
They are at a distance from the seat of Government; know 
but little of what passes there; & small in their own eyes. 
This naturally begets on the one hand Jealousy of those they 
think should be their Patrons; & on the other fear of their 
enemy. But while, they see a force sufficient to protect them, 
they cheerfully exert themselves: When this fails they had 
rather submit to the imposition of an Oath of Allegiance 
from the Enemy, than have their Interest destroyed by them. 

I may here observe the Expediency of an augmentation of 
troops in that quarter. I would take them from Falm , but 
the numbers even here are less than the works to be raised 
at this Post require. I have about two thirds of the men 
ordered to be raised. It is reported the troops in this de- 
partment are on Continental Establishment, & that 800, men 
are recommended for it: But I have it only by Report. 
As many as 800, I think would be highly conducive to the 
good of the department, & would enable me to render dif- 
ferent service to the State, than what is now possible. 

A Paymaster in this department would be convenient. I 
am not insensible of the present want of money in the publick 



OF THE STATE OP MAIM-: 343 

Offices: Hut the Officers a1 leasl stand in need of some pari 
of their pay for presenl Subsistence, & the privates frequent- 
ly find the necessity of some money. In mine of the LO 
May I desire leave to appoinl a Secretary, cV thai a suitable 
Establishment mighl be made for him. T have had no 
answer. Ii is unsuitable for me to say thai I do a greal deal 
of business in thai way; bu1 I have so much to do as in 
feres with a proper discharge of my duties in other Respects. 
The same person mighl officiate ;is Paymaster *.V- Secretary. 

I received a line from ( ouncil of the 1) May, which is the 
only return I have had. At the time of writing I supposed 
some Articles required an Answer; & still wish for a Return 
relative to a Surgeon, a Secretary & a Paymaster. 

My necessary engagements have been such as to prevent my 
calling for a general Ileturn of the Militia of this State, 
which should have been given in on the first Monday of this 
month. 

Such are my present Engagements, & such the Engage- 
ments of the Militia, that I could wish to have the Returns 
postponed till next January. 

I am Sir, with Sentiments of Respect, your Honor's 
most obedient & very humble Servant 

Peleg Wadsworth 
President of Council 

In Council July 20 th 1780 

Read & Committed to Jeremiah Powell and Benjamin 

Austin Esq rs to take into Consideration this Letter together 

with the Letters referred to in this Letter and report what 

may be proper to be done thereon 

John Avery 1 ) Secy 



344 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Order to Brig a Gen 1 Wadsworth. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber Boston July 11 1780 
Whereas it appears to This Board That There are a Num- 
ber of Deserters from the continental Army in The line of 
this State in Counties of Cumberland Lincoln and York, who 
are desirous of taking the Advantage of the Proclamation of 
his Excellency General Washington, by returning to Their 
Duty in the said Army, but by Reason of Their Inability to 
pay the necessary Expences of such a March are incapacitated 
to improve the Day of Grase, and receiving the Benefits 
Thereof Therefore Order that Brigadeer General Wads- 
worth be and hereby is directed to signify to all Deserters 
who are desirous to receive thf Benefit of the Proclamation 
aforesaid, in the aforesaid Counties That Each of Them shall 
receive when they arive at Boston, on their way to General 
Washington's Head Quarters a Sum of Mony Sufficient to 
bear their Expenses to their respective Corps in the said 
Army to be hereafter deducted from their wajes when they 
shall receive the Ballance due to them from the Depreciation 
of the same 

Attest John Avery D Secy 

Certificate in re James Cargill. 

Newcastle July 1 st 1780 

this may certify all whom it may concern that the Bill of 
costs Levyed on Cargills Real Estate was larger than it would 
have been had some persons attended as appraisers that 
agreed to serve, but refused, and gave as a reason they had 
been threatened, by reason of which s d Creditors & officers was 
put to extraordinary trouble & Expence 

David Murray Dep ty Sheriff 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 345 

This may certify all whom it may concern that James 

( argil] applied to us the subscribers to ><•' us Refferees in the 

case pending in the [nferior Courl of common pleas holder 

in Pownalborongh in the County of Lincoln on the 

Tuesday of June L780 between Ebenezer Whittier and John 

Langdon plaintiffs and the said James Cargill Defendant. 

The said James acknowledged there was a sum of Money due 

from him to the said Whittier and Langdon and all lie wanted 

of us was to ascertain how much the sum was — 

Aug 1 11 th 1780 

Jouas Bowman } 

Nath Thwing \ Refferees 



Col. Allan to the President of the Council. 

Machias July 12 th 1780 
Sir, 

An Opportunity Just Offering gives me the Honor of 
Writing a few Lines to the llonble Board, — my last was of 
the 11 th Ult° from Passamequod — the 22 nd returned to Ma- 
chias to settle matters there, an Officer and Twenty one Men 
arrived from Camden, with Cap 1 Preble whom I had sent to 
know the reason of their Detanure, — 

On the 30 th I sett of for Passamequody with Colo. Camp- 
bell as was Necessary he shoud Communicate personally what 
was done for the Indians at the Westward, which is their 
Custom — 

The 31 st as we were Assembling for a Conference, Three 
Indians arrived Kxpress from S l John's, with a letter from 
M r Burk the Priest Desiring them to Atten'd him imme- 
diately on bussiness of the Church, as allso a letter from 
Major Studholm promising 1'ardon for past Offences, Pro- 
tection & Presents. — 1 was Desired to Interpret these letters, 
which when Done, much was said, a Conference held the best 



346 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

woud be Sufficient for Indians, for the want of men we have 
of Two days, they Came to a Determination to see the Priest 
at all events, but Declared their Zeal for America, their 
friendship & Affection for me, that they wou'd have no Con- 
cern with the Britain whatever, — only meant to see the 
Priest, their Souls being heavy & Loaded with Burthens of 
Sins, that they acted on a Duty Commanded in their Church 
which they Coud not Neglect, — They Delivered a very large 
Belt of Wampum to be sent Congress and French Ambassa- 
dor (which will be sent at a proper Opp°) I used every 
Meathod in my Power to Divert their Intention, but all in 
Vain go they wou'd — But made the most Sacred Protesta- 
tions to be back in Three Weeks — Accordingly all but about 
100 Including Women & Children sett off the 3 d Ins 1 

I am very unhappy in being obliged to Acquaint the Hon ble 
Board of this, after the Success I have Experienced in Dis- 
appointing the Priest & M r Franklin for this three Years, — 
I do not believe they will be persuaded to do any thing against 
America, but it will give great Encouragement to the 
Britains, and have to much reason to suspect they mean us 
mischief by this Sudden Menuver, the Indians being the only 
Dread for some time. Shoud nothing happen, I shall be 
Contented, as it will save much Provisions But the Great 
Disposer of Human affairs I Trust will Direct us for the 
Best — 

Our Situation may be Easily Conceived, when the Honble 
Board is Acquainted, that I have but Thirty five men to de- 
fend this Post, Part of which must Constantly be with me 
among the Indians. — I have allready Troubled the Hon'ble 
Board much in my Complaints about Troops not Coming — 
this Spring I have Experienced & seen the Evil — Thirty 
men is Double the Expence in proportion to what Sixty woud 
be, as the Duty is Various & Constant, that men must be 
Extra Supplyed to Enable them to go thro' the Hardships — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 347 

was their a sufficient Number to Guard Half the Expence 
to CWrt & pay them for every Trifling mutter — arc Often 
obliged to hire people at a vov greal Expence, which by 
having men woud be Prevented — Had there been but 20 
men to hav< Attended me a1 Passamequody, made a small 
Tempory Post, it Certainly woud have prevented the I 
a Erecting Post up S' Johns River & Neither Franklin nor 
the Priest woud have dared to be bo near, — with the same 
Number of Men T Coud with the greatesl Ease taken the 
Buckram Schooner & a Large Transport with Supplys for the 
Several Garrisons up the Pay of Fundi, upon the whole the 
Damage arising by not having a Hundred men a1 this P< l 
makes a great Odds in the Expence, <v. at present Liable to 
loose all we have been Defending & Expending .Money upon 
these three Years Past — 

I have received Intelligence from Nova Scotia, that the 
most of the Troops in the out Garrisons are called into Hali- 
fax, one Third of the Militia ordered to be Drafted, a pari 
for Windsor, by force Marched for Halifax, — where they are 
carrying on Work, Advice Coming from England that a 
French fleete is Expected — About 2500 Men in Halifax. & 
Two Ships — 

The Stores Received from the Continental Commissary a 
great part is Useless — and all Extreemly under weight, lett 
this arise from what it will, will make much Confusion, as 
where it has been sent to the Indian Villages k to my 
Quarters, in Barralls, there will appear great Quantitys more 
then there realy is — as we have Generally Depended upon 
the Accuracy & Certainty of the Consigner, we did aol find 
the mistake till Considerable was Consumed — I have ordered 
a Board of Officers in Conjunction with some of the prin- 
ciple Inhabitants to Examin into the whole, — -With Sub- 
mission 1 must request a Word from the Hon bl ° Hoard to the 
Board of War, to forward the Supplys Voted for Indians 



348 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

with all Expidition, as of the greatest Consequence if its 
Intend 3 to keep their Interest, — I feel reather Difident in 
giving such Trouble to the Hon'ble Board, as I am well 
asured of the Pains they are pleased to Take — I will do the 
best I Can lett it be which way it will, while I am Honord 
with the Command,— 

I shall despatch off M r Avery, with the Several matters 
Concerning the Department next Week. — I have the 
Honour to Be with the most Profound Respect and 
Highest Esteem Sir your most obd 1 & most Humble 
Serv 1 J Allan 

P. S. Inclosed is a Copy of Same Proclamation Issued. 
The Hon'ble the President of the Honble Council — 

Ace* of Lieu* Nath 1 Stone. 

State of Mass" 8 Bay to Nat Stone D r for Expences in taking 

& bringing two deserters from Old York to Boston 

July 9 th To paid the Smith at York for hand 

cuffs £22 16 

15 th To paid Cap 1 Kendall for passage \ 
and provisions from York to Salem \ 

To paid the Goal keeper at Salem 

To paid for Crossing Winnissmit ferry 

Boston July 1617 80 11980 

Nat Stone L l 1 st Mass tts Reg 1 
~N. B. the above deserters are Dan 1 Jacobs of the 1 st Mass tts 
Reg 1 and the Col os Comp y and Abbot of the 11 th and Cap 4 
Francis's Comp y Nat. Stone L* 

In Council July 15, 1780 

Read & All d & Ordered that a Warrant be drawn on the 
Treasury for £119 : 8/ in favor of the Above Ace 1 the Same 
to be deducted out of the Depreciation of the Deserters Wages 
upon the Settlement Jn° Avery D Secy 



60 








33 


12 





3 









OF THE STATE OF MAINE '■'• l'» 

Loij of Ship Protector. 

Ship Protector ( Broad Bay) July L6 tt 17-" 
Gentlemen, 

I take this opportunity to inform you thai I arrived in this 
place mi Wednesday last in order to take in water — clean 
the Ships bottom (she being very foul) and to discharge some 
prisoners — Should have informed you of my arrival in this 
place by a Sloop thai sail'd from hence ou Thursday Lasl bul 
was up the river in order to obtain the advice of Gen 1 Wads 
worth (who was gone to Falmouth ) and Esq* Thomas re 
specting the Prisoners — I must refer you to the Annexed 
Extracts from the Journal for particulars- having applied 
to the Committee of this place respecting the disposal of the 
prisoners, they have furnished a Schooner in which I shall 
send them (amounting to about forty to Casco Hay) the rest 
being all Dead 

Being informed of Cap 1 Mowats Ship and several small 
('raft being at the Lime Islands in Penobscot Bay — I am 
with the advice of M r Thomas and the principal Inhabitant ■ 
of this place bound there, to act in Conjunction with our 
Troops in hopes of ( Japturing or destroying them. Our Ship 
is very sickly having now upwards of twenty sick persons 
on board — 

Shall embrace every opportunity of informing you of my 
proceedings and beg leave to assure yon that your order- 
shall be always punctually obeyed — by Gentlemen 
Your most obedient c\r very humb 1 Serv* 

Jn° F. Williams 

P. S. We have had two men die since we have been in this 

plac< shall send this Letter by a M ' Little one of the offi- 
cers of the Ship who was wounded — 

Sam 1 Ph s Savage Esq r and other Members of the Board of War 



350 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Extracts from the Journal of the Ship Protector. 

1780 

Sunday May 7 th At 4 A. M. sailed from Nantasket road. 
Light winds at S. E. Schooner and Sloop under our con- 
voy bound to Machias — At 4AM took the Schooner 
in tow — Nothing remarkable till 11 th 

Thursday 11 th At 6 p. m. Light Airs of Wind at X. E. 
close in off Machias river cast off the Schoon r and saw 
her within the Islands — bore away to the Southward 
for the Sloop — night coming on we lost Sight of her — 
Lay off and on all night. At 6 A. M. Machias bore X W 
Dis 1 4 Leagues — bore away and stood to the South- 
wa rd — 

Monday 15 th At 5 p. m. saw a sail gave Chace at 10 Lost 
sight of her Latt d 38 .. 46 . Long .. 61 .. 35 at SAM saw 
two sail bear g S. S. E. as far as we cou'd see from Top 
Most Tread — gave Chase — 

Tuesday 16 th At 5 p. m. Came up w h one of the Chace 
prov d to lie the Brig 1 Fame from Boston Cap 1 Fostin 
bound to Gaudeloupe — who informed us the other was 
the Brig 1 Thomas from Boston — At 10 A M. saw a sail 
bear s S. W. & B. W. Wind at W. S. W. Latt d 38 .. 36 
Long d 61.. 35 — 

Wednesday 17 th Light Winds & fair W r still in Chace — at 
8 p. m. Lost Sight of the Chace Latt d 39 .. 16 Long d 
60.29 

Saturday 20 th At 6 A. M. saw a Sail gave Chace — at 
Merid n perceiv d her to be a Brig 1 Stand 5 N. E Latt d 
39,36 Longitude 62 .. 30 

Sunday 21 st Fresh Gales at N. W. still in Chace at i/ 2 
past one spoke w lh the Chace prov d to be the Brig 1 Gen 1 
Waine bound from K d Island to Spain Latt d 40 : 34 
Long d 60.24 — Bore away for New Foundland 



OF THE STATE OF MA INK 351 

Friday 20'" At 4 A. M. Saw Cape S 1 K&ifa bear 1 X. E. 
Dis' 7 Leagues ■ Saw several Shallops stand 8 in Shore 

— at Merid" Cape Race bore E. Dis 1 8 Leagues — 
Nothing more remarkable Thick Dirty \V till the 9 th 
June 

.Friday, June 9 th Wind at W. S. W. At 7 A. M. Saw a 
Large Ship to Windward bear 8 down for I'. S. under 
English Colours — appeared to be a Large Ship — she 
hawled up her ('nurses in order for Action at 11 A. M. 
We came along side of her under English Colours — 
hailed her she answered from Jamaica. I shifted my 
Colours & gave her a broad side — she soon returned us 
another, the Action was heavy for near three Glasses 
when I'n fortunately she took fire and soon after blew 
up — Got out our Boats to save the men took up 55 of 
them among them was the •".'' Mate and the only Officer 
saved — the greatest pari of them very much wounded 
& burnt — She was called the Admiral Dull" — a Large 
Ship of 32 Guns Command d by Rich d Strange from 
S' Kitts & S' Eustatia Ladened with Sugar and Tobacco 
bound to London — We Lost in the Action one Man 
| M 1 ' Benj a Scollay) and had five men Wounded- re- 
ceived in the Action several shott in our hull and had 
several of our shrouds & stays Shott away — Latt d 
41 .. 50 — Long 4 46 .. 37 — Nothing more remarkable 
till July 1 st excepting the prisoners dying fast & our 
ships Crew growing sickly occasioned by the .Number 
of sick \- wounded Prisoners on board. 

Saturday duly C At 6 p. m. Lighl Airs of Wind at \. W. 
Inclinable to Calm — hazey YY r saw a sail & gave Chace 

— the Chace stand" for (Js — Xight Coming on Lost 
sight of her — at ."> A M. saw two ships the one bear 
S. E. the other X. W. both standing for us — Light 



352 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Airs of Wind at W. S. W. — we stand for the Ship in 
the K W. at 10 Lost Sight of the Ship & Stearn Latt d 
43 .. 34, Halifax Light House bear 8 X & B E. of us - 

Sunday July 2 nd Light airs of Wind at L. S. W. and hazing 
W r still stand 5 for the Ship to y e N". W. at 2 perceived 
her to he a Large Ship — tack d ship & stood from her — 
she gave Us Chace — saw two other ships one bear 5 X. 
W. the other W* stand 8 for Us, at 3 bore away, sett Steer- 
ing sails Low and Soft — at 4 the Ship gains on us fast 
— within gun shott of us — gave us a bow Chace — we 
returned her a stearn Chace, keeping up a running fight 
till 8 P. M. when she came up with us and brot her 
broad side to bear — gave us three broad sides we still 
firing our Stearn Chaces at her. Night coming on wc 
Lost sight of her rec d no other Damage from her than 
one twelve pound Shott in our main Mast — Judge her 
to be a British frigate of 32 Guns & the other Ships to 
be her Consorts — as she showed four Different Signals 
before she began to fire — at 4 A. M. saw the other two 
Ships the aforementioned one bore W. S. W. Standing 
to the Southward — At 10 A. M. Light Airs of Wind. 
Lost sight of the ships — Latt d 43 ..35 — 

Monday July 3 d Light Winds at W. S. W. and pleas 1 W r 
Stand 3 to the North Ward — at 10 P. M. saw a Light 
bear g X. X. W. Judge it to be on the Land — at 6 A. 
M. Saw the Land — at 10 A. M. Halifax Light House 
bore X. E. B. E. Distance 5 or 6 Leagues — nothing 
remarkable till July 7 th — 

Friday July 7 th Light Winds to the West d foggy W r Spoke 
with a Brig 1 from Madeira Prize to the Saratoga be- 
longing to Salem — at 4AM Saw a Sail bear s X. W. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE "<-"> : '< 

B. X. gave Chace — at 6 Bro'1 her too prov' 1 to be a 
Brig' from Lisbon Loadened w ,h Salt — prize to the 
Tyger, Latt d 42.. 17. 

Monday July I')"' Lighl Winds to the West, & foggy W 

S;tw the Island of Titmanan, Mount Deserl hear'' X. W. 
— at .Meridian Mount Deserl bore W. X. W. Distance 
4 Miles — 



Gen' Wadsworth In Council. 

Head Quarters, Falm 14 July 1780 
Sir, 

Last Even 8 arrived an Express from Cambden informing 
me of a general uneasiness among the Troops at that place; 
that they had slung - their packs with a determination to leave 
their posl ; & that with difficulty they were restrained for 
the present. The cause of their uneasiness is want of bread, 
of which they are now destitute, & of which they have had 
hut little during the ( !ampaign. 

While with them faring as they did themselves, & by other 
means I endeavoured to keep up their spirits, & to give them 
Contentment. They were pretty easy when I left them. As 
soon as T can with propriety leave this Post I mean to return 
again. Should the troops at Cambden leave their l'o>t thro' 
discontent, or he driven from it thro' weakness, the Conse- 
quence would he pernicious to the State: But I do not admit 
even the Idea. There is plenty of bread in the Country. & 
a supply might be had even in this part of it, if there was 
money, or measures adapted to procure it. I am persuaded 
that a number of Towns, or Individuals in towns would turn 
out a supply to my Order, were 1 empowered to draw upon 
the Treasury in their favour for a discount of taxes. 

23 



354 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

We have Reports of the arrival of a large British fleet at 
Hallifax, with 10, or 12 thousand troops on board. It is 
but Report ; I shall however pay so much attention to it, as to 
enquire into the grounds of it, & to let Council know if I 
can discover any 

I am Sir, with much Respect, your Honor's most obedient, 
humble Servant. Peleg Wadsworth 

President of Council 

P. S. Inclosed is an Inventory of Ordnance stores wanted 
for the Garrison at this place. 

Letter of Alexander Campbell. 

Machias July 18 th 1780 
Sir, 

I have the Pleasure to inform you that I arrived safe at 
Machias the 12 th of June after five Days Passage the several 
Recceipts for Suplys Ship d for that Department you will 
have Sent the Bord By Col Allan your Honour may Re- 
member I Recceived 15 Musquets for the Protection of the 
Vessel and Stores Down in Case of Boats — 12 of which I 
here Enclose you a Recept from the Comissary Smith three 
out of the 15 I beg Leave to Take to my Own Acct as the 
Militia are so indifferently found with few Arms there 
Seem d an Absolute jSTecserty or I Should not have kept them. 
What Ever the Value is I will Pay. the Enemy seem som- 
thing Peacable at Bagaduc at Present — pray God They may 
not be Permited to Tarry here another Winter, you Will 
please to make my Compliments to the gentlemen of the 
Bord I have: the Honour to Be With all Due Defferenee 
your Honours Most Obedient Humble Serv 1 

Alex. Campbell 
the Hon bl M r Savage 
B. 17 Ber ,s Beef 1 D° Pork 2 Cask Bacon Taken in Parker's 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 355 

Prh-tj Wadsii'orth to Council. 

Bead Quarters Falm L8 July 17^<» 
This Certifies thai under necessity I applied to the Town 
of N Glocester in the County of Cumberland, & received of 

Mr. Muses l!r;i«llmrv ( 'ol lector of s d Town forty eight Bushele 
of End. Corn, delivered al X Yarmouth for the use of the 
Troops al Cambden, a1 sixty five Dollars p r bushel; for 
which I gave Encouragement thai he should have a discount 
of taxes in his first payment for this year; & request the 
Hon ble Council to give Order accordingly 

P Wadsworth B Gen 1 
To the Hon ble Council of Massachusetts Bay 



Pelc(j Wadsworth to Council. 

Head Quarters, Falm 18 July 17S0 
This Certifies that under necessity I applyed to the Town 
of N Glocester in the County of Cumberland, & received of 
M r Jacob Haskell Collector of s d Town forty two bushels of 
Ind. Corn, delivered at X Yarmouth for the use of the Troops 
at ( amliden, at sixty rive Dollars p r bushel for which I gave 
Encouragement thai he should have a discount of taxes in his 
payment for this year; cVr request the Hon bIe Council to give 
Order accordingly £873-0-0 

Peleg Wadsworth B Gen 1 
To the Hon ble Council of Massachusetts Bay 



Tim Parson's Mem Respecting the Masts &c at Kennebeck. 

M' Samuel Toad has goot 2 Chains and 3 Staples that be- 
longed to the Mast Boom at Kenebeck — and M r Lambert 



356 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

informs Me that Said Toad has got 1 pair of Jack Screws 

and One tomehawk About 20 p w one Iron Crow and 3 Yards 

that Toad disposed of as Said Lambert Says 

Timothy Parsons 
Boston July 19 th 1780 



War Office to Sam 1 Todd. 

War Office, Boston, July 19, 1780 
Information has been given the Board, that you refuse to 
deliver the Chains & Staples you received from M r Lombard, 
and that you also withhold sundry other Articles the Property 
of the Public, we now call upon you to deliver the same imme- 
diately to M r Timothy Parsons or Agent there or you may 
be assured we shall take proper steps to convince you that the 
Interest of Government is not to be triffled with — 

Your hum Serv 1 By Order of the Board 
John Browne pres 1 pro tern 
M r Sam 1 Todd — Georgetown — 



Memomnd in re Gen Wadsworth for Use of Committee. 

July 10 f has at Falm 2/3 d of the men ordered to be raised 
find — & cannot augment the Troops at Cambden — 

Resolve < by report he hears 800 men are recommended by 
Congress Congress to be on Continental Establishment & 

would be highly conducive to the good of that 

department. 

Desire a paymaster & Secretary — one person could act in 
both departments & is Necessary as they now devolve on him 
— which greatly Interferes with his duty in other respects. 

Officers stand in need of money for their subsistence & 
privates find y e Necessity of some. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 35 1 

See the Letter to which some answer was given y" Ma v. 
whether it was fully answered. 

Wishes thai the return of the Militia might be postponed 
to till January 
I I"' July — Troops at Camden uneasy for want of Bread 

Consequence would be pernicious should they leave it — 

plenty of Bread in the Country eV a Bupply may be had 

even there, could he be allowed to disco' their taxes by a 

Certificate to the Treasure,". 

Ordinance Stores to he sent. 



Peleg Wadsworth to Pres* of Council. 

Head Quarters, Falm 24 July 1780 
Sir, 

I have been honoured with yours of the 11 Inst: It gives 
me satisfaction that my Conduct meets with the approbation 
of the honb le Board. 

"Your Cannon stored in Penobscott River" are so much 
in the power of the Enemy, that to benefit the State with 
some part rather than none, & to deprive the Enemy of the ad- 
vantage of the whole, to encourage Enterprize by which alone 
any can be saved I have offered one half to those who shall 
recover any. If I have done wrong I wish for your Honors 
Order in the Case. 

I have now to acquaint your Honor that I have just re- 
ceived a line from Cambden, inclosing a Copy of a Procla- 
mation from the Commanding Officers at Bigwaduce, re- 
quiring all the male Inhabitants on Penobscotl & east Rivers 
above 14 years old to appear at I'\>rt (leorge on Uigwaduce 
by the 20 Inst: The Intent of this 1 suppose to be to oblige 
the Inhabitants to take an active decisive part. To prevent 
this a detachment has been made from Cambden up IYnob- 



358 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

scott River. This obliges me to order one Company from 
this Post to Cambden, where I shall repair myself immedi- 
ately. I propose to set off tomorrow Morn g 

On the night of the 15 Inst: Brigadier Gushing was kid- 
napped, taken from his house about 12° Clock at night & 
carried on board a boat in Keimebeck River. He was car- 
ried off by six armed men unknown. This is the last we 
know of him. He is supposed to be carried to Bigwaduce. 

I am Sir, with sentiments of great Respect, your Honor's 

most obedient humble Servant 

Peleg Wadsworth B Gen 1 

Hon ble President of Council 

P. S. if the Cannon Carriages mention'd in mine of the 
14 th Inst : are not begun or Sent, I am very desirous that they 
may be of the new Construction, as they would accomodate 
the Fort in which they are to be placed to very great ad- 
vantage 

P Wadsworth BG 



Gen 1 Wadsworth to Council. 

Head Quarters, Falm 24 July 1780 
Sir, 

Lieut : Stevens, who will deliver you this, takes from hence 
thirty Prisoners to be delivered to your Honor's Order at Bos- 
ton. Part were taken by the Troops at Cambden, & part by 
the Protector. They will be distinguished by the inclosed list. 
I could wish the prisoners taken from Bigwaduce & in Penob- 
scott Sound, when exchanged might be sent southward; as 
it will be in their power to do us much mischief on their 
return east. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 359 

I have to requesl thai Mi - . Steven-'-. Expences may be re 
paid li i 111 at Huston, as it was not in my power to furnish him 
with any public money from this place. 

I have the honor to he your Honor's mosl obedienl humble 
Servant Peleg Wadsworth B Gen' 

Hon bl ° President of Council 



Letter to this State's Delegates at Congress 

Council Chamber July 26. 1780 

Gentlemen 

This State has endeavoured punctually to Comply with 
the Resolutions of Congress relative to y e articles they are 
required to furnish for the Army, as will more fully appear 
from the Resolves of the General Assembly which have heen 
transmitted to Congress, Among other measures taken by 
the Assemhly a Committee of three were Appointed to super- 
intend the Purchases of the Articles aforesaid who reside 
at Springfield, a Letter has heen received from the Commit- 
tee beforementioned extracts from which you have Inclosed 
representing that the Department of the Commissary General 
being in a Disordered Condition, Col Dyer from Connecticut 
has been lately in Town relative to the same business k has 
represented that after the State of Connecticut have pur- 
chased & collected their monthly Quota of supplies for y e 
Army they can find no Person to whom to deliver them in 
order to their being Transported to Head Quarters — Thai 
finding the Army here greatly distressed for Provisions that 
Government had Undertaken to transport Provisions «.V to 
drive Cattle to the Borders of Xew York \- finding no Person 
impowered to Receive them they had heen oblidged to trans- 
port & Drive them to (Jen 1 Washington's Camp & in order 
to defrey the Expences of such Transportation they had been 



360 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

oblidgecl to sell the Cattle Upon the Road — We are sorry to 
find the Business of this Department in such a State of Dis- 
erangement, Certainly this Matter ought to be attended to 
Immediately, otherways the Army must suffer Extremely if 
they are not oblidged to Disband. — 

The Committee aforementioned have also represented that 
Col° Wadsworth late Commissary General had applied to 
them in behalf of the French Army at Newport to supply 
him with one hundred head of Cattle weekly & also a Con- 
siderable Quantity of grain for Storage, w r e should be glad 
to be immediately informed whether the French Army was 
Considered in the General Estimate & whether what this 
State may furnish for this Purpose will be considered as 
part of their Quota of the Supplies for y e Army — 

The Expence that has accrued to this State by the Expedi- 
tion to Penopscot lays very Heavy upon this State & has 
greatly Embarrassed us with respect to our finances, People 
thro the State have been very uneasy that this Expence has 
not been reimbursed by the Continent, as they conceive they 
have just Claim to it not only by the Resolves of Congress 
but by the Articles of the Confederation, The Warrant that 
has been Issued by Congress for two million of Dollars in 
favor of the Council of this State upon this occasion has given 
some small relief but it is the general expectation that some- 
thing decisive should be done by Congress relative to this 
matter & you are hereby instructed to bring this Business 
before Congress & obtain their final determination upon it. 
If the final Result of Congress should be not to defrey this 
Expence, we fear such an uneasiness will take place as will 
greatly Impede Public Measures as will Essentially Injure 
the Common Cause & finally create a greater Expence to 
the Continent than if the determination of Congress had 
been otherways 



OK THE STATE OF MAINE 361 

Peleg Wadsworth to President of Council. 

Waldoborough 28 July L780 

Sir, 

I am now on my return from Falm° to Thomaston. At 
this place 1 mee1 Mr. Thomas, Quartermaster <.V Commissary 
for the eastern department, bound to Boston. He informs 
me thai our stores at Thomaston A: Cambden are nearly ex- 
hausted. 

Bread we have been destitute <>i' for a number of weeks 
past; & shall be destitute of every tiling else in a very short 
time, unless immediately supplied. A few days will end 
our present stock. I therefore must urge that Mr. Thomas 
may he enabled to supply us immediately. 

A quantity of amunition &c is also wanted ; a schedule of 

which is inclosed. T am Sir, your Honor's most obedient & 

humble Servant 

Peleg Wadsworth B G 
Hon ble President of Council. 



List of Officers Reported by Gen 1 Wadsworth. 
Commissioned Officers Staff Officers 



o 
D 




M 

O 


o 


CO 

a 


to 

C 

9 


09 

a 
"3 


43 

c 
a 


u 

s 


c 




3 
9 

3 






03 

•a 




fit 

a 


p. 


p 
< 


0? 


op 

be 

L. 

3 
03 




At Falmouth 


1 


1 


II 


4 


6 


II 


1 


1 


II 


II 


At Thomaston 


ti 


II 


II 


1 


2 


II 


u 


II 


1 


II 


At Cambden 


II 


u 


1 


6 


10 












Total 


1 


1 


1 


11 


18 


II 


1 


1 


1 


II 



362 



DOCUMENTARY niSTORY 





Non 
Comm'd 




Rank & File 










S3 




4-i 

o 


-13 


a 


^ 






OS 
OD 

be 


S 


gg 
9 


-^ 




S 
D 


►& 


73 




a 

CO 


Q 


Eh 
ft 


CO 


CO 


§ 


5 


H 


At Falmouth 


16 


6 


87 


9 


4 


43 


5 


148 


At Thornaston 


4 


2 


40 


2 


u 


2 


3 


47 


At Cambden 


21 


7 


57 


18 


4 


117 


10 


201 


Total 


31 


15 


178 


24 


8 


162 


18 


896 


At Falmouth : 


1 Cap 1 Lieut. & 28 Matrosses 










Absent of the Above 


on Command. 





fe 



« 



At Machias 
At Penobscot River, 
Sound &c in 
Whale Boats 
A Guard at Mouth 
S 4 Georges River 
Total 



2 


31 


5 


119 


1 


12 


8 


162 



Thomaston 1 August 1780 



P Wadsworth B G 



Petition of Caleb Graff am. 

To the Honorable Council and the Honorable House of Rep- 
resentatives of the State of Massachusetts Bay in Gen- 
eral Court Assembled — 
The Petition of Caleb Graffam of Windham in the County 
of Cumberland & State aforesaid — humbly shews that in 
the year 1773 he was chosen by the said Town of Windham 
to collect the sums assessd on the hundred acre Lots there 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 363 

agreeably to an acl of the General Courl intituled "An A<t 
impowering the Assessors of the Town of Windham in the 
County of Cumberland to assess yearly for the three 5Tears 
next ensuing one pennj half penny p* Acre on every of the 
hundred Acre Lots in said Town already lotted oni and not 
otherwise taxed, ministerial and School Lands in Said down 
excepted" That he posted up true Copies of the Lists of 
Assessments committed to him by the Assessors as in & by 
said Act was directed, in the Towns of Windham Falmouth 
and Marblehead — That although in Cases wherein he shall 
not be- concerned he supposes his declaration on Oath of such 
notifications, will be a sufficient evidence thereof. Yet in 
Cases wherein he may be interested he is doubtful whether 
it would be sufficient — That he can procure Evidence of his 
having posted up such notifications in the Towns of Windham 
& Falmouth — but on Account of the Death k Removal of 
a great number of Persons who then lived in Marblehead he 
finds himself unable to obtain sufficient evidence of their 
being posted up there — 

He therefore humbly prays your Honours to enact or Re- 
solve either that his Oath of bis posting up the lists aforesaid 
in the three Towns above mentioned shall be considered a 
sufficient Evidence of such notifications — or that other Evi- 
dence of the Same, being posted up in the Towns of Wind- 
ham & Falmouth agreeably to the Act aforesaid shall in cases 
wherein he may be interested avail to all intents & purposes 
as though such Evidence of their being posted up in all the 
said Towns cou'd be obtained — And your Petitioner as in 
duty bound will ever pray 

( 'aleb ( initlaia 

Windham August 2 d 1780 
State of Massachusetts Bay 
Cumberland ss 



364 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Certificate of Sam 1 Freeman. 

Falmouth Dec r 16 th 1778 
Caleb Graffam having been chosen by the Town of Wind- 
ham in said County A. D. 1773 to collect the sums assessed 
on the hundred acre Lots there agreeably to an Act made & 
passed the said year by the General Assembly of the said 
State intituled "An Act impowering the Assessors of the 
Town of Windham in the County of Cumberland to assess 
yearly for three years next ensuing one Penny half Penny 
p r Acre on every of the hundred Acre lots in said Town al- 
ready lotted out and not otherwise taxed Ministerial and 
School Lots in said Town excepted." appeared before me the 
Subscriber one of the Justices of the Peace for said County, 
and made Oath that he posted up Copies of the within Noti- 
fication in said Windham, in Falmouth the Shire Town of 
the County aforesaid, and in the Town of Marblehead two 
Months before the 20 th December in the year aforesaid as in 
and by the said Act was directed 

Samuel Freeman 
True Copy 

Attest 

John Avery Secy 

Notice of Tax Sale of Land in Windham. 

Whereas the Assessors of the Town of Windham in the 
County of Cumberland on the sixth Day of December 1773 
assessed one Penny half Penny Per Acre on the several hun- 
dred Acre Lots in said Windham being unimproved and not 
otherwise taxed gave public Notice thereof and that said Tax 
was delivered Caleb Graff am Collector to collect agreeable to 
the Directions of the Province Law in that Case made and 
provided and Wliereas the Owners or Proprietors of the Lotts 
hereafter mentioned have neglected to pay said Tax, this is 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE :'»<',.", 

to give public notice thai in Pursuance of said A.c1 or Law 
so nuicli of the Lotts of such delinquenl Owners or Proprie- 
tors and no more will be sold al ] > 1 1 1 »1 i <- Vendue on Monday 
the Twenty sixth I >ay of December nexl a1 the House of 
Richard Mayberry [nholder of the Town of Windham ae 
will be sufficienl to pay such Tax upon them respectively and 
intervening Charges The following are the Lists which arc 
delinquent ( List follows) 

Windham 11 th Oct r 1774 

True Copy 

Attest 

John Avery Sec'y 

Thomas Trott I Assessors 
[chabod Hanson \ of 

Hugh Crague Windham 

Certificate of Gen 1 Wadsworth. 

Head Quarters, Thomaston, 1 Aug: 1780 
This Certifies that the Bearer, Roby Lydstone, a Deserter 
from the Massachusetts line in the Continental Army, vol- 
untarily delivered himself to me in order to return to his 
duty, <fe to receive the Benefit of Gen 1 Washington's Pardon 
offered agreeable to a request of this State of the 5 .May 1780 ; 
& is permitted to pass directly to join the Continental Army 

Peleg Wadsworth B Gen 1 

Letter of Gen 1 Wadsworth to Council. 

Head Quarters, Thomaston, 7 Aug: 1780 
Sir, 

Agreeable to a Letter from the Hon blc Council of the 11 th 
Ult° I have sent forward to Hoston what Deserters helonged 
to this Camp, & those I could collect round aboul : And fully 
to carry into effect the good Intentions of Council, I have 



366 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

signified to all Deserters in the Counties, Lincoln, Cumber- 
land & York from the Massachusetts line in the Continental 
Army, that whoever shall deliver himself to me, or to the 
Council at Boston before the 25 1st shall receive the Benefit 
of Gen 1 Washington's Pardon, and Money at Boston sufficient 
to bear his Expences to Gen 1 Washington's Head Quarters. 
The distance those in the Counties of Cumberland & York 
must travel east, in order to deliver themselves to me, is the 
reason why I have directed them to Council. 

If I mistake not the Enemy at Bigwaduce are practising 
a piece of Deceit with the Commissary of prisoners at Bos- 
ton, by exchanging the Paroles of sundry persons taken at 
Bigwaduce, for Prisoners of war at Boston, many of which 
persons I suppose are clandestine Traders with the Enemy : 
& the better to cover their Iniquity & serve the Enemy, pre- 
tend to have been taken prisoners & admitted to their paroles. 
These by being exchanged have it in their power to repeat 
their treasonable practices ; & the Enemy are much served by 
having their prisoners of Avar exchanged for them. 

A number of such Paroles have been offered to me by Capt. 
Mowatt in exchange for prisoners of war, together with the 
Paroles of many persons taken in their boats & Canoes in 
fishing. The first I have refused to exchange at all, k the 
last I offered to exchange by picking up the like number of 
(those that He call'd) British subjects, employ'd in their own 
private business, from parts adjoining to Bigwaduce, & with 
them to make an exchange in Case an Exchange was insisted 
upon : Should this fraud be practising at Boston, it may 
easily be detected. 

I should be glad to be informed of the general principle & 
mode of Exchanges that is adopted by the State. 

Brigadier Gushing still remains a prisoner at Bigwaduce. 
I beg leave to ask if there is no prisoner in the State or Con- 



OF Till: STATE OF MAINE 367 

tincntal parole, or otherwise, thai would make a suitable 
change? The Brig* is very desirous to be exchanged, *.v <l<- 
sirea to know what Rank he ought to hold with a Continental 
officer. 

There have been a considerable number of ( toasters & small 
Fishermen taken on this Coast of late, & principally by two 
small Cruisers, commanded by Fullertoh & Pomeroy, who 
lately escaped from Boston Goal 

On the fourth lust: I sent off a small detachment of 12 
men in a whale Boal for Machias under the direction of ( 'apt. 
Prebble, who is lately from that Post by order of Col n Allan, 
It was not in my power to send Col" Allan the men he urged 
for & expected. 

The Inclosed is a Return of the Troops under my 
Command. I have the honour to be Sir with Respect & 
Esteem Your most humble Serv 1 

Peleg Wadsworth B G 



Petition of Stephen Lontjfellow. 

State of the .Massachusetts Bay] To the Honb le the Couneill 

\ & House of Representa tives 
Cumberlands J of s d State: 

Stephen Longfellow late of Falmouth in s d County Esq 1 " 
humbly shews — that his Son Cap 1 Sam 1 Longfellow late of 
s d Falmouth having return d from Sea just before the burn- 
ing of that Town the Vesscll whereof he was Master being 
hall'd into the wharf was burnt at that Time, by means 
whereof & Navigation being then Dull he was thrown out of 
business and continued so until the latter End of the Fear 
1777 at which Time having obtained Letters of Recom- 
mendation from some Gentlemen in Falmouth to M r Corne- 



868 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

lius Durant of the Island of S l Croix in the West Indies 
Mereh* he took Passage there in order to get Business he 
was soon put in Mate of a Vessell — made one Voyage and re- 
turn'd to S l Croix again and was then put in Master of a 
small Sloop & Cruis'd among the West India Islands, After 
this Viz 1 in the fall of the Year 1778 he got to be Master of 
another Sloop and went to Virginia & has been constantly 
imploy'd from Virginia to the West Indies ever since till last 
Chrismas saving when he was driven on Shore or taken by 
the British Vessells which has happened two or three Times, 
last Christmas he came to Virginia very sick & remained so 
all last Winter and Spring insomuch that his Physicians ad- 
vised him to come to the Northward for his Health but as 
he was bound hither he had the misfortune once more to be 
taken by the Britons and carried into New York & there he 
now is a Prisoner very weak and Low if alive — But it so 
happens that notwithstanding he has I am persuaded never 
so much as had the least intention to go over to Join the 
Enemy, yet his name is inserted in the Law that is made 
against those that have — His Case is very singular by the 
Britons he is taken and treated as an Enemy and kept a 
Prisoner there; and by the Authority of this State accus'd 
of having joind them & the severest punishments awaits him 
here — I think I can truly say that there is no Judicious 
Person this Way that has heard of his Transactions since he 
left Home but think his Names being inserted among those 
who had join'd the Enemy was an Error — Wherefore I 
humbly request he may have permission from your Honours 
to return Home for recovery of his Health and to make his 
Innocence appear, and as in Duty bound shall ever pray — 

Stephen Longfellow 
in Behalf of his Son 
Gorham Aug 1 10 th 1780 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 369 

In Council Sep 1 L2 1 L780 

Read & Ordered thai Samuel Xilcs Ks<| with Buch as the 
Ilun 1 ' 1 '' Eouse shall join be a Committee to take into Con- 
sideration this Petition together with the Papers Accom- 
panying the same to reporl what may l>e proper to be done 
thereon 

Sent down for Concurrence 

John A very I > Secy. 

In the Eouse of Representatives Sep' L3, 1780 

Read & concurred & Ma j ' Goodman & Brig 1, Preble are 
join'd 

John Hancock Spk r 

The Committee of both Houses to whom was referr'd the 

Petition of Stephen Longfellow in behalf of Samuel Long 
fellow report the following resolve 

Sam Xilcs pr order 

State of Mass 18 Bay 

In Council Septem 1 14 th 1780 

Whereas the Xanic of Samuel Longfellow was inserted in 
an Ad pass d the 16 th of October 177* intitled an Act to pre- 
vent the return to this State of certain persons therein named, 
and others, who have left this State, or either of the United 
States and joyn'd the Enemies thereof, and whereas it 
appears to this Court by a Deposition— Certificate and 
other papers that said Xame was inserted thro' a mistake 

Therefore Resolved that Samuel Longfellow he and hereby 
is permitted to return to this State from New York, where 
he is now retained as a Prisoner of this State, the Exclusion 
Act aforesaid notwithstanding — 
In Council Sep* 14' 1780 

Read & Accepted 

Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery I) Secy 



370 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



In the House of Representatives Sep 1 14 lh 1780 



Read & concurr'd 

Consented to — 
J Bowdoin 
T dishing 



W Spooner 
B. White 
B Austin 



D Davis 
T Danielson 
X Gushing 
Sam Niles 
J Simpson 



John Hancock Spk r 

Jn° Pitts 
Aaron Wood 
Caleb Strong 
Tho s Durfee 
Step n Choate 



Certificate of J as. Johnson. 

Camp at Falmouth 10 th Aug st 1780 
This Cartefeth that Robby Lydston was a Solder in Cap 1 
Bragdens Comp y Coll Proms Reg 1 Now Doing Duty at the 
Eastward, has Sarv d four months in s d Comp y & Regm 1 as a 
good Solder & then oned he was a Deserter from the Con- 
toannental Army, & is now on his way to Head Qur trs to 
join his Regm 1 It therefore Recommended to any Con- 
tanental or State Comisery to supply him with pervison one 

his way to Boston 

Jas Johnson Major 



Petition of Joseph Ingraham. 

State of Masachusets Bay, 

Cumberland Aug st 15 th 1780 
To the Honourable the Council of said State — Humbly 
shews, Joseph Ingraham of Falmouth in s d County Merch* 
— That your Petitioner has at great Charge built a Schooner 
of About Thirty Tons called the Success, now laying at his 
Warfe near ready to sail with a proper Cargo for the West 
Indias navigated by four men — That the Merchants and 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 371 

Traders in s d Falmouth having lost almost all their Vessels 
this War, the [nhabitants reduced to many Difficulty* for 
want of necessaries from the West [ndias where your Peti- 
tioner is willing to res(]iiu his Interest for his own Profit as 
well as to accomedate his Friends & Neighbours, 

Thai the Xavil Officer here declines clearing out said 
Vessel] as he understands there is an Act of Courl laying an 
Embargo Though he lias not been furnish with It. Where- 
fore your Petitioner humbly prays, that your Honours would 
he pleased to allow the Xavil Officer here to dear out said 

Vessel! for said Voyage, the said [mbargo notwithstanding 

and your Petitioner as in Duty hound will ever Pray, &c 

Joseph Ingrahani 
Council Chamber Aug 1 21 l 1780 

Read & Ordered that the Naval Officer for the Port of 
Falmouth he and hereby is directed to clear out the Schooner 
Success of ahout Thirty Tons belonging to Joseph [ngraham 
for the West [ndias any Embargo to the Contrary Notwith- 
standing 

Attest J n° Avery D Secy. 

Superscribed — The Honourable Jeremiah Powell Esq r 
President of Council Boston fav r Capt Harper — 



Memorial of Waterman Thomas. 

To the Honb Ie Council of the State Massachusetts Bay 

Boston August 21 st 17 80 
The Memorial of Waterman Thomas Humbly Shews Thai 
your Meinoralist was Appointed by your Hon r in Febr 5 lasl 
Commisary, lot- the Troops at Camhden, under the Com- 
mand of Brig d Gen 1 Wadsworth and Received Provision for 
100 Men three Months Except, the Allowance of Bread, One 
Quarter part Short, and have been Continued in the same 



<Z DOCUMEXTAKY HISTORY 

office at Cambden, and have Recv d 1500 w Flour Only for to 
Supply the 300 Men at Cambden by which Reason I have 
been Obliged to Purchase 200 bushels of Corn, for which 

1 was Obliged to Advance my Own Money, as also, a Con- 
siderable Sum, to Transport the Provisien to the Troops as 
I have never been furnished with any Money from the Q A I 
G Department, & Coll Chase informes me it is not in his 
Power, to Supply me with any Money, I have Recv d Orders 
upon the Collecter in the County of Lincoln for Money Suffi- 
cient to Purchase Meat, and are Supplied with Rice & fish 
from M r Richardson, but no Bread & M r Richardson informes 
me it is out of his power to Furnish me with any bread, and 
unless your Hon rs in your Wisdom will Order a Supply of 
Bread It will be impossible to keep the Troops in the Field, 
upon Beef & Rice Only, Your Memoralist would further 
Represent to your Honours that the Vessel which had the 
Provision & Ammunition on Board has Returned to this 
Harbour Yesterday, by Reason of the Cruzers being so thick 
upon the Coast thought not Prudant to proceed without a 
Convoy, Wherefore your Mem st prays that your Honr s would 
take the Matter into your Wise Consideration, and as in 
Duty bound Shall ever Pray &cc. 

Waterman Thomas A D C G Jr. & A D Q M G 

Petition of Ethan Moore. 

To the Hon-ble the Council of the State of Mass ts Bay 
The Petition of Ethan Moore humbly Shews. 
That there is wanted for the Garrison at Falm the follow- 
ing Ordinance Stores. Viz 1 6 Boxes of Musket Balls of 
different Sizes 2 Speaking Trumpets 4 Hour Glasses 6 
Budge Barrels 3000 Flints Reaming Irons from IS 
Pounds to 6 Pounds 5 Carriages for Six Pounders 9 
Harnesses for the Waggons 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 373 

Your Petitioner begs your Honors would give him an 
Order for the above Articles, and as in Duty bound Bhall 
ever pray — Ethan Moore Lieut Artillery 

State of Mass'" Bay 

Council Chamber Aug 1 22 d 1780 
Head *.V Ordered — thai the Board of War be and they 
hereby are directed to furnish Ethan M ■<• Lieu 1 of Artil- 
lery at Falmouth in the County of Cumberland with Six 
Boxes of Musquel Balls of Differenl Sizes, two Speaking 
Trumpets four hour Glasses, Six Budge Barrels three thou- 
sand Flints Reaming Irons from 18 pounds to Six pounds, 
live Carriage for Six pounders and Harnesses for the 
Waggons for the Use of the Garrison at Said Falmouth and 
( barge the same to the Continental Ace 1 

Attest Jn° Avery D Secy 

Order in Favor of Charles Miller. 

State of Mass ttB Bay 

Council Chamber Aug 1 2:) d 1780 

Whereas it hath been represented by Charles Miller Esq r 
that the Troops stationed in the Eastern part of this State 
are entirely destitute of Bread and that he has no public 
Money in his Hands to procure the same which ( 'auses in-eat 
Complaints in the Army and has applied to this Board for 
the Loan of live thousand Dollars, (Xew Money) to enable 
him to procure the necessary Supplies & also to provide for 
the Cartels in the Harbour of Boston 

Therefore Ordered that it be and it is hereby recommended 
to Xath 1 Appleton Esq* Commissioner of Loans to furnish 
Charles Miller Esq* Commissary for purchases for the Con- 
tinental Army with five thousand Dollars (Xew Money) to 
enable him to make the purchase- aforesaid 

Attest Ju° Avery D Secy 



374 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petition Inhabitants Plantation of Little Falls. 

Hon ble President of Council 

To the honorable the Council and House of Representatives 
for the State of the Massachusetts Bay in General Court 
Asembled at Boston August 23 A: D 1780 

The Subscribers Inhabitants of the Plantation of Little 
Falls in the County of York and State afore Said Humbely 
Shew that they Labour Under Some Difficulties for want of 
the aforesaid Plantations Being Properly bounded out or 
haveing the Bounds Established which hath ben formerly 
aloughed V iz as the Committe Chosen by the Town of Cox- 
hall to Run Round and make Bounds agreeable to the Incor- 
poration of said Coxhall passed this honorable Court April 
24 tb 1780 

Run in apon the afore said Plantation at the Loar End at 
the head of Bideford about one & a Quarter of a mile as ap- 
pears on the Plan of the afore said Plantation which hath 
ben Run Round and Pland Sence Coxhall was Incorporated 
then they Run there Cors K" 26 Degrees west which in 
Riming the Eight Miles up Leaves the aforesaid Plantation 
four Miles wide at the head which takes a goor out of the 
aforesaid Plantation one & a Quarter of a Mile wide at the 
Loar End Riming to Xorthing at the head said goor Includes 
seven Inhabitants that Properly belong to this Plantation 
which Coxhall hath Included in their Incorporation 

another Disadvantage attends your petitioners for want of 
Being Incorporated and Autherised as a Town to Act in 
meny Cases In keeping the Roads in good Repair there is a 
great Deal of Bad Road in this Plantation which wants 
mending and Briges wants Some ]STew Bilding and others 
Repairing and no body to do it for there is a great Deal of 
Transporting by Garage through this Plantation being a 
great body of back Settlement 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 375 

Incorporation or being Authorized to act as a Town to 
Raise and Collecl Money we Conclud wood help us in Re- 
guard to Raiseing our Goto of Soldiers Requiered of us it 
wood be a Priviledg in other Oases which are nol mentioned. 

Your Petitioners tlierefore Ilumbley Pray this honorable 
( 'ourt to alough and Establish the Bounds of this Plantation 
as aforesaid and [ncorperate the Same agreeable to the afore 
said Plan taking it begining al Saco River at the head of 
Bideford so Runing South west by the head of Bideford and 
Arendal tour Miles then Runing North fourteen De.uree- 
West Eight Miles then Xorath Mast four miles to Saco River 
and by Said River to the first begining and as in duty Bound 
will Ever pray 

Edward Smith Trustrum Hooper William Wadlin 

George Hooper Zebulun Drew Benja Goodwin 

Samuel hill Clark John Gordan Zebulon Gordon 

Moses Wadlin Jones Jacob Roach Daniel Townsend 

Joseph Chadbourn Nathaniel Guden John Penny 
Humphrey Dyer John Young Xathanel Goodwin 

Joseph Deven George Hooper JunerMoses Wadlin 

Robert Haley Isaac Townsend Phines Downs 

David Young Jedidiah Smith John Smith 

In the house of Represen 8 Sep r 20, 1780 

The Committee upon the within Petetion have Examined 
into the facts set fourth in S d Petetion And altho we had 
not full Evidance of the Mistake Complaind of in the Runing 
of the line of Coxhall yet are of opinion that as Coxhall has 
ben latly Incorporated has taken off Seven of the Inhabitants 
of S d Plantation of little Falls which has heretofore ben ac- 
counted Inhabitants of S d Little falls in the Tax acts and 
when Said Plantation shall make it appear to this Court that 
it is the fact they ought to be abated for the Polls & Estates 
Taken from them & that the same shall be added to Coxhall 



370 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and when the head lines of Biddeford Arundall & Wells are 

made certain it will Be and the East line of Coxhall is made 

Certain it will be for the Good of Said Plantation that it 

should he Incorporated into a Town 

And your Committe are further of opinion that there are 

Lands lying there belonging to this State worth the attention 

of the General Court to Enquire after 

Benj a Chadbourne p r Orders 
Little Falls 



Address to the Indians of the Eastern Tribe. 

Aug 23 80 
(Seal) 

Brothers ^ Your Belt of Wampum transmitted by our 
Brother Col John Allen appointed by the Great Congress of 
America as agent to our Brethren in the Eastern Depart- 
ment has been presented by James Avery Esq r his Secretary 
with your Speech professing your Love, Zeal, and Attach- 
ment to the United States and to our Brother the King of 
France. 

We do in behalf of the Great Congress of the United 
States of America sincerely thank you for the Love and 
Friendship you have exprest for both Nations, and as a 
Testimony thereof and for continuing the Alliance which 
have so long subsisted between Us, have returned your Belt 
of Friendship with a Medal thereunto Affixed expressive of 
our Sincerity towards our good Brothers (the Indians) in 
the Eastern part of this State. Our Brother the Sieur 
Valnais Consul of France will affix a Medal in behalf of our 
illustrious ally the King of France to the other end of the 
Belt as a token of his Friendship 

Brothers We cant help expressing our Grief at your 
going to S l Johns to see a Priest employed by our inveterate 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 377 

and cruel Enemy for the purpose of diverting your Attention 
from these United States, and breaking the Chain of Friend- 
ship between Us, and especially when it was Contrary to the 
Advise and Opinion of our Brother Col John Allen; how- 
ever we overlook this al this Time, and shall have no more 
thought of it. hut fully expeel thai no such Btep will be 
taken in the future, and thai the Chain which has so long 
united us together might be kept brighl & unbroken, bu1 we 
can't help signifying our Approbation at the Answer yon 
nave the Priest on S* Johns River that yon was determined 
to remain firm Friends to the Americans and we are glad to 
find that you have moved (alter seeing the Priest) into the 
interior parts of the country towards Passamaquody Lakes 
approaching nearer to your American Brothers. 

We are sorry we have not been able to send you more sup- 
plies for yourselves and Families — It was not for want of 
a good Heart towards you — but having so large an Army 
to provide for; we were obliged to let every one have part — 
however hope soon to be enabled to send you more supplies 
and to make you and your Families as comfortable as pos- 
sible, We are sorry to inform you that by reason of a very 
great Drought, provisions will be greatly shortened this year. 

Brothers Your good, and ancient Fathers the French. 
our great, good, and illustrious Allies hearing of the destitute 
Situation you were in upon Account of a Reverend Father to 
take Care of your Souls, have in their Great Goodness sent 
one, to whom you may tell your Faults. & he will hear you, 
and will administer the Sacrament of his Order in your own 
Way — his stay will be but short as he cannot be spared from 
those he came with, and nothing hut the hove they bare you 
could have prevailed on our good Allies to send the Reverend 
Father to you — 



378 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Brothers Our Brother Allen will communicate to you all 
the News and other Matters — what he says to you, you may 
believe as coming from us — he is our Mouth to speak to von 
— what he says you may depend upon — 

Brothers Adieu, may God bless you and preserve you, your 
Chiefs, Sachems, Young Men Women and Children — 

In Testimony of our Sincerity, we have in behalf of the 
Great Congress of the United States of America hereunto 
set our Hands and caused the Great Seal of this State to be 
Affixed at our Council Chamber in Boston this twenty third 
Day of August 1780 and in the fifth Year of the Independ- 
ence of the United States of America 

Pres 1 

To the Chiefs, Sachems, and Young Men of the Different 
Tribes of Indians under Col John Allen superintendant of 
Indian Affairs in the Eastern Department 

Petition of P. Frederic. 

Humble Petition of P. Frederic Chaplain of the Vessels of 
his Majesty King of France to the Honourable Council of 
State of Massachuset's Bay 

P. Frederic Chaplain of the Vessels of his Majesty the 
King of France intreats the Honorable Council of State of 
Massachusets Bay, saying, that, the Colonell Allen having 
asked one Priest for the Savages of Machias and of the 
countries around, and the General Heath having demanded 
him to ours General & Admiral at Rhode Island, they have 
permitted me to go to Machias what I made willingly, in 
order to be as useful to the Christian Religion & to the ad- 
vantage of my King and of his allies as I could, The said 
Frederic hopes that you will help his intentions and he there- 
fore intreats your Justice to send him to his Mission as quick 
as you coud and to be so kind as to furnish to him all things 



OP Till-: STATE OF MAINE 379 

necessary for his voyage, for attracting the Savages and 
specially for the exercise of his ministerv's offices. Me also 
intreats you to granl to him Gideon De Lesdernier who hae 
conducted him here for his interpret, as well to give to the 
said De Lesdernier a reward for his past pains and for his 
future employment. This Gentleman deserves that von 
make something for him. His love for the cause of United 
States induced him to lev the New Scotia & so ho lost all his 
goods, and he has one of his Sons Lieutenant at Machias to 
the service of this State. The Said Frederic hopes from 
your Justice a favourable answer to this Petition and he will 
never cease to make wishes to the Heaven for your prosperity 

P. Frederic 
Chaplain of the Vessels ot' 1 1 is Majesty King of France 
Boston 23 d August 1780 

State of Mass 118 Bay 

Council Chamber Aug 1 24 l , 1780 
Read & Ordered — that Gideon d e Lesdernier be and here- 
by is permitted to Attend the Chaplain of the Vessels of his 
Majesty the King of France as an Interpret upon his Mission 
among the Different Tribes of Indians in the Eastern part 
of this State under the Superintendence' of Col John Allen 
and that the Said Gideon be & he hereby is directed to apply 
to the General Court for a Compensation for his Said 

Services. 

Attest Jn° Avery D Secy 



Memorial of Charles Miller. 

To the Honble Council of the State of Massachusetts Bay 
The Memorial of Charles Miller Commissary humbly 

sheweth — 

That the Commissary of Prisoners has made a demand on 

your Memorialist for a large Quantity Salted Beef & hard 



380 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Bread to Supply the Prisoners that your Honors hath directed 
him to Send away in the Flaggs now in the Harbour — That 
the Troops Stationed at the Eastern part of this State are 
Intirely destitute of Bread, which Causes great uneasiness 
in the Army — That your Memorialist has not any Public 
money in his hands to procure the above mentioned Articles. 
That unless your honors can point out some way that your 
Memorialist can be supplyd with Cash, The Prisoners must 
remain on board the Prison ship at a very great Expence to 
the United States, And the Army at the Eastward must Still 
be without Bread — Your memorialist with due Submis- 
sion woud Propose, that your Honors woud recommend to 
Nathaniel Appleton Esq Commissinor of the Loan office to 
lend your Memorialist Five thousand Dollars (New money) 
which will enable him to procure the Necessary Supplys 
Your memorialist will as in duty bound ever pray 

Charles Miller D C G P r 



Order in Favor of Robby Lydston. 

State of Mass tts Bay 

Council Chamber Aug 1 24 l 1780 
Whereas Robby Lydston of Kittery in the County of York 
has very inconsiderately deserted from the Mass tts Line in 
the Continental Service and is now become liable to the 
Penalties of an Act to prevent Desertion and having come 
to a Sense of his Duty and willing to return to the Corps 
from which he deserted and to receive the Benefits of Said 
Act and also the Benefit of his Excellency General Wash- 
ingtons Pardon Offered agreeable to a Request of this State 
of the 5 th of May 1780 Therefore Ordered that it be and it 
is hereby recommended to his Excellency General Washington 
to receive the Said Robby Lydston into favour and to grant 



OF THE STATE OS MAl.\ E 38 1 

a full pardon to the Said Deserter - The Expiration of the 
Time Limited for Deserters in the Continental Service to take 
the Benefit of Said Act of pardon notwithstanding 

Attest John Avery 1) Secy. 



■Ins. Avery to Council Respecting Priest. 

Sir 

I beg leave to inform the Konble Board that the Priesl 

going to Marinas, is Desirous that M' (lideon Delesdornior 
shoud Accompany him as an Interpreter — therefore must 
beg your Honors would give Directions respecting him — 

Agreeahle to your Honors Directions I have made out an 
Estimate of what will be Necessary for the Priests Sea Stores 
& such other Articles as he will want at Machias that Cannot 
be procured there Viz— 14 pd Coffee — 28 pd Sugar — y 4 
C bread 20 pd flour, 30 pd Salt Pork 20 pd Fresh Meat — 
6 pd Butter — 2 Gallons Bum & L5 Gallons Wine, for his use 
& for the purpose of the Ceremonies in the business of 
his order. 

I have the Honor to be With the Greatest Respect Sir your 

most Ob 1 Hble Se l 

Ja s Avery, Agent for Colo Allan 

Council Chamber Aug 1 24 l 1780 

Read *.V Ordered — That it be & it is hereby recommended 

to James Richardson Esq r Comissary of Isues to furnish 

dames Avery for the Use of the French Priest bound to Ma- 

chias with fourteen pounds of coffee, twenty Fight pounds of 

Sugar, One Quarter of a hundred of Bread, twenty pounds 

of Flour, thirty pounds of Salt Fork, twenty pounds of fresh 

Meat, Six pounds of Butter, two Gallons of Rum & fifteen 

Gallons of Wine — & Charge the Same to the Continental 

Account — 

Attest Jn° Avery D Secy. 



382 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petition of Nathaniel Deering et als. 

State Massachusetts Bay 

Cumberland Falmouth Aug 1 24 th 1780 
To the Honourable Council of Said State — 

The Petition of Nath 11 Dearing & others owner of a Small 
Schooner called the Greyhound of about thirty six tons Navi- 
gated by four men bound for the Westindies Henry Elwell 
Master Humbly Shews — 

That this Town are in great want of many Necessaries 
from the Westindies; the merchants here having lost almost 
all their Vessells during the War ; that Your Petitioners have 
exerted themselves to procure a Load of Lumber & Fish for 
said schooner & as she is now Ready, but the Naval Officer 
cannot clear out said Vessell by Reason of an Act of Court 
laying an embargo on all Vessells for Reasons therein men- 
tion'd which Your Petitioners expected would have been 
taken of before now & should your Petitioners Vessell be 
detain'd it would be detrimental to them as well as a great 
disappointment to the Neighbouring Towns for want of many 
necessaries from the Westindies owing in a great measure 
to the unhappy losses of Vessells belonging to this port. 
Wherefore Your Petitioners humbly pray that Your Honours 
will be pleas'd to allow the Naval Officer here to clear out 
said Schooner for the Westindies the Said embargo Notwith- 
standing and Your Petitioners as in duty Bound will ever 
pray &c Nathaniel Deering 

Council Chamber Aug 1 30 1 1780 

R d & Ordered that the Naval Officer for the Port of Fal- 
mouth be and hereby is directed to clear out the Sch r called 
the Greyhound Henry Elwell Master with Fish & Lumber on 
Board for the W. Indies Any Embargo to the Contrary 
Notwithstanding 

Attest Jn° Avery D Secy 



OF 'I'll E STATE OF M \i \ E 38 : 

I'rH/imi of John Archer et als. 
Shite of Massaehnsefs Pay 

Cumberland Falmouth Aug* 24 th 1780 
To the Honourable ( louncil of Said State 

The Petition of Jn° Archer & others owners of a Small 
Schooner called the Dispatch of about 50 Tons, Navigated 

with Six men, bound for the west Indies, Jonathan Paine 
Master Humbly Shew, — 

That this Town are in great want of Many Necessaries 
from the West Indies; the Merchants here having lost almost 
all their Vessels During the War; thai Your Petitioners have 
exerted themselves to procure a Load of Hoards Shingles and 
fish for Said Schooner and she is now ready for Sea, but the 
Naval Officer cannot clear out Said Vessel by Reason of an 
Act of Court laying an Imhargo on all Vessels -for Reasons 
therein mentioned, which your Petitioner Kxpected would 
have been taken oil' hefore now, and Shou'd Your Petitioner's 
Vessel be detain'd, it would be detrimental to them as well as 
a great Disappointment to the Neighbouring Towns, for want 
of many necessaries from the West Indies, owing in a great 
measure to the unhappy Losses of Vessels belonging to this 
Port. Wherefore your Petitioners humbly pray that Your 
Honours will be pleased to allow the Naval Officer here to 
clear out Said Schooner for the West Indies; the Said Im- 
bargo notwithstanding; and Your Petitioners as in Duty 
bound will ever pray &c Jn° Archer 

Council Chamber Aug 1 30 th 1780 

Read & Ordered that Naval Officer for the Port of Fal- 
mouth be and hereby is directed to clear out the Schooner 
called the Dispatch Jonathan Paine Master, with Fish & 
Lumber on Board for the W. Indies Any Embargo to the 
( 'outran- Notwithstanding 

Attest Jn° Avery D Secy 



384 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Parole of Charles Gushing. 

I Charles Gushing Esq r Brigadier General of Militia and 
High Sheriff of the County of Lincoln hereby acknowledge 
to have been Made Prisoner of War by Captain Jones of the 
Kings Rangers and being permitted by L 1 Colonel Command- 
ant John Campbell of the 74 th Regiment and Commanding 
Officer at Fort George Penobscot to return to my Dwelling 
house on Parole and Liberty to go to Boston or any other 
part of the State of the Massachusetts Bay in order to 
Effectuate an Exchange of Nathaniel Gardiner Master of 
the Golden Pippin Schooner, Sergeant Duncan Mac. Grigor 
and Robert Watt private of the 74 th Regiment, and James 
Maishead private of the Royal Artillery, for persons of their 
Rank and to procure an exchange of Major De Wint of 
Lt. Colonel Bayards Regiment for myself which if not exe- 
cuted I do hereby promise and engage on my most Sacred 
Word of Honor to deliver myself up a prisoner to said Colonel 
Campbell or officer Commanding at Fort George within the 
Space of Forty days from the Date hereof Major De Wint 
being allowed the same time and I also promise on my sacred 
Honor not to Say, do or cause to be said or done, anything 
to the prejudice of Great Britain or give any intelligence to 
the Enemies thereof, but in all things behave myself agree- 
able to this Obligation In Witness whereof I have here- 
unto Set my hand this Thirty First day of August 1780 

Cha s Cushing (Copy) 

Resolve of a Grant to John Langdon £35-0-0. 

To the Honorable Council and House of Representatives, for 
the State of Massachusetts Bay Sep 1 1780 — 
The petition of John Langdon of Pownalboro' : in the 
County of Lincoln Humbly Sheweth — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 385 

Thai your petitionei commenced an Anion in September 
177!) againsl James Cargill of Newcastle in a plea of 
Covenant broken, which action was continued to June last, 
and then by Mutual consent referred to three Gentlemen of 
the first Character for knowledge and [ntegrity in the County 
of Lincoln. They had a very fair and full hearing, the Ac- 
count of Damages sustained, was carefully examined by them, 
and the said Cargill declared himself perfectly satisfyed with 
the reporl of said Referees, upon which the Judgment for 
Thirteen thousand one hundred and twenty three pounds. 
Eighteen Shillings Damage, and twenty two pounds sixteen 
Shillings Costs, was founded — 

That a petition in favour of the said Cargill was prefered 
to the Honorable General Court in June last, for his relief. 
That the said petition Explicitly declared the aforesaid 
Judgement to be Just, notwithstanding which the Honorable 
Genera] ( !ourt in June last Issued their Order for the staying 
the Execution of the Judgement afores'd, and cited your 
Memorialist near two hundred .Miles from his place of abode 
to shew cause, wherefore the said Judgement should he 
executed a Judgemenl thai the Debtor, and the Petitioners, 
acknowledged to be Jusl ! 

Your petitioner has heretofore, ever conceived it his Duty 
to pay the most sacred regard and Obedience to the resolve 
and Orders of the Honorable the General Court, and upon 
that principle, has been attending from the twenty second 
of August, to this day, to shew cause wherefore the said 
Judgement should be executed, altho' the unreasonableness 
of said requisition is to many, most apparent — 

Your petitioner begs leave, further, to inform your Honors 
that he has suffered great, and substantial Damage by your 
Honors Order aforesaid, as it has prevented his cuting about 
ten loads of Grass on the said James's Estate wherebv i' has 



25 



386 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

taken as much money out of your petitioners pockett as the 
said Grass was reasonably worth and also the sum of 
£1030 .. 4/. — which your petitioner has been obliged to ex- 
pend in Obeying your honors Order aforesaid. An Injury 
which he is firmly persuaded this Honorable Court will never 
permitt any subject of the State to suffer — Your petitioner 
therefore humbly prays such relief may be granted him as 
your honors in your great Wisdom may think fitt and as in 
duty bound will ever pray — John Langdon 

[Bill of expense follows here] 

The Petition of Mrs. Barbara Ross. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Falmouth Sept 1 st 1780 

To the Honorable Council and House of Representatives of 
s d State 
The Petition of Barbara Ross humbly shews — 
That on the 14 th April A. D. 1779 she obtained permission 
of the Honorable Court to go in a Cartel to New York — 
where her Husband then was — That her Husband leaving 
New York soon after — she thought proper to suspend her 
Resolution of going there — That she has lately been in- 
formed he is at Hallifax — and therefore humbly prays your 
Honours to permit her to go to that place instead of New 
York; and as Captain Arthur M c Lellan is willing to carry 
her there in the Schooner Hazard, burthen about twenty 
Tons if he can be permitted so to do — she further prays 
your Honours that he may be commissioned to go there in 
said Vessel as a Cartel ; and f urnish'd with the necessary 
Papers to carry your Petitioner & her family consisting of 
Maid and five Childring 

And your Petitioner, as in duty bound shall ever pray 

Barbara Ross 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 387 

Petition of Richard Codman. 

State of Massachusetts Bay. 

To the Hon bIe Council and Hon"' House of 

Representatives in General Couri Assembled 

The Petition of Richard Codman of Falmouth in Ca.sco 
Bay Merchanl Humbly shews. 

That Cap 1 Thomas Ross formerly of said Falmouth but 
now of Halifax in Xova Scotia is indebted to your Pet r a 
large sum amounting to about Twelve hundred pounds 
Sterling being the Produce of three Cargoes of Merchandise 
which the said Ross sold for your Pet r in the West Endies 
in the year 177"> 

That the said Ross has sent several Verbal Messages to 
your Pet 1 " that he will settle *.V pay the same Debt if your 
Pet' could obtain leave to go to Halifax for that purpose, 
And as your Pet'' has been a great Sufferer during the present 
War and in case of the Death of said Ross he is in danger of 
loosing the whole of said Debt which would be almost the 
Ruin of himself and Family 

He humbly Prays Your Honors would Permit him to go 
1o Halifax in the first Cartel and return from thence as soon 
as may be with the said Debt or the produce thereof in such 
Effects as he can procure from the said Ross 

And as soon as your Pet 1 * is Informed Barbara Ross Wife 
of said Thomas Ross has applyed to Your Honors for a 
Cartel to transport herself and family to Halifax, he prays 
in case her Petition is granted that he may be permitted to 
go in the same Vessel 1 

And as in Duty Bound will pray 

Richard Codman 



388 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Chas. Cushing to Gen' Wadsworth. 

Waldoborough Sep r 5 th 1780 
Dear Sir 

I have now obtained my Parole to Return Home and am 

so far on my way there being just arrived in the Flagg that 
carried the Women from this Place. I should have done my- 
self the Pleasure of waiting upon you if my health would 
have admitted- — I have been very ill of the Flux for this 
fortnight which has reduced me to a Very low & weak state 
& what will be the end of it I am still afraid. I enclose you 
a Copy of my Parole wherein much is required of me — I 
suppose there will be no difficulty in effecting the exchange of 
all except Mr. Gardiner who is under presentment of the 
Grand Jury — It seems to me that upon some Principal or 
other it would be best that he should be exchanged as there 
is a great many of that Sort of people with the enemy- — who 
will certainly take revenge upon individuals as they light of 
them in case punishment should be inflicted — I suppose 
it will be needful for the Council to determine with regard 
to his exchange — Olive talked with me before I left bag- 
gaduce he said if he could have his personal Estate he never 
would trouble this place again but if that was not allowed 
he would revenge upon individuals until he had got satis- 
faction — Quere — whether it would not be best that such 
sort of people should have their personal Estate or the Value 
thereof, if by that means the destruction of private Families 
could be avoided — I am exceeding sorry that I am de- 
prived of the pleasure of waiting upon you — If anything 
should occur to you needful for my information Relative to 
my Parole or exchange Should esteem it a favor to Receive 
a line from you — I am with respect 

Your most Hble Serv 1 

Cha s Cushing 
Brig r Gen 1 Wadsworth 



OF THE STATE OF MAI 389 

Petition of James .1 very. 

To the Hon 1 ' 1 " Council & Eouse of Representatives of the 
State of Massachusetts Bay 
The Petition of James A.very Secretary to Indian Eastern 

Department »v. Agent for Col" John Allen. Contin 1 Sup 1 In' 
Humbly Sheweth 

That your Petitioner being Empowered by said Col Allan 
& Cap 1 Stephen Smith to sonic the accounts & other business 
respecting thai Departmenl Begs liberty to present the A<- 
counts Pay Rolls &c herewith and Humbly prays that such 
measures may be Taken for the Settlement of the same as 
your Honors in your Wisdom may think proper and your 
Petitioner as in Duty bound will ever pray — 

Jas Avery 
Boston Sep 1 7 lh 1780 
In Council Sep 1 7 th 1780 

Read and thereupon ordered — That the Petition of James 
Avery Agent for Col" John Allen Superintendant to the 
Indians in the Eastern parts of this State together with the 
several Accounts of said Department accompanying the same 
be and hereby are Committed to the Committee appointed by 
the General Court for Methodizing and settling the acct 8 of 
this State for Examination and adjustment. 

Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery D Secy. 
Tn the House of Representatives 
Sepf 17, 1780 
Read and concurred John Hancock 

Order of Gen 1 Court on Petition of Rich* Codman. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 
In the House of Representatives September 8 1780 — 

Whereas Rich d Codman of Falmouth has represented to 
this Court that Thomas Ross late of Falmouth afores'd and 



390 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



now of Halifax in the province of ]^ova Scotia is indebted 
to him in the sum of twelve hundred pound sterling and is 
ready and willing to settle with and pay to him the s d Cod- 
man the sum afor d and prays liberty for a Cartell to go to 
Halifax to recover s d debts Therefore Resolved that the 
prayer of said petition be granted and that the Hon ble the 
Council be requested to grant permission to said Codman to 
repair to Halifax for the purpose set forth in said petition 
in a Cartell which the Council are further request d to Com- 
mission for that purpose, and to return with his effects — 
And it is further Resolved that s d Codman gives Bond to the 
Treasurer of this State for the sum of ten thousand pounds 
that he will in all respects conform to the conditions on 
which the cartell shall be granted — 

And it is further Resolved that Barbara Ross with her 
five children and servant maid be permitted to go in said 
Cartell to her husband at Halifax — not to return again to 
this state without permission first obtain'd from the General 
Court for that purpose — 

Read & passed 

Sent up for concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 

In Council Septemb. 8, 1780 
Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Sec'y 



Consented to 
J Bowdoin 
Jer Powell 
T Cushing 
R. T. Paine 
J Fisher 



T Danielson 
B Austin 
J Stone 
A. Fuller 

Sam Niles 



J Simpson 
Jn° Pitts 
E Brooks 
Aaron Wood 
C Strong 



OF THE STATE OF MA INK 391 

Resolve Directing the Assessors of the Town of Winthrop to 
Abate All Public Taxes. 

/To the Hon Ma Council] & Bouse 

j of Representatives fur said State 
Stateof Massachusetts Bay ,„ Gen i Court Ass( , IIlU( .,| tlji . 

(8th day of Sept: 1780 
The petition of the Subscribers a Com* 6 " of a Small Num- 
ber of poor people Just beginning a Settlemenl on Andro- 
scoggin River Called Lewistozi Humbly shewth — Thai your 

petitioners together with about twenty families are just now 
hegining a Settlement in the Wilderness, and att a greal 
distance from any other Settlement being very poor and not 
able as yet to raise our bread, & having no way to raise money 
to pay taxes living so far in the Wilderness, and the In- 
habitants of Winthrop lying about fifteen miles distance 
from us have taxed us for our poles and unimproved land 
att such Extravagant Rate, that if we are Obliged to pav 
the tax they have lay d upon us we must leave our Small 
improvements, we Apprehend they have no right to tax us, 
lying att so great a distance and they being Taxed Only their 
proportion with the other Towns in this State — 

Therefore as the State raises no benefit from our paying 
Taxes to Winthrop, most humbly pray that your Honours 
would Order our Taxes taken of by them, and that they pay 
their proportion of taxes that the honour d Court have lay" 
upon them, and when Ever it appears to the Gen 1 Court that 
we are able & ought to pay some part of the Charge of Gov- 
ernment, we will with Chearfullness pay what the Court 
shall see meet to lay upon us & pray that we may have the 
liberty of other new plantations have to raise the .Money our 
Selves in the way the Court shall provide and as in duty 
bound shall Ever Pray 

Lemuel Cummings i 

Benf Morrill Com tee 

John Ilerrick 



392 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petition of Joseph North Esq r of Pittstown. 

To the honble Council & house of Representatives in general 
court assembled — 

The petition of Joseph North Esq r of Pittstown in the 
county of Lincoln for & in behalf of the inhabitants of the 
county of Lincoln humbly sheweth — 

That the sea coast of the s d county of Lincoln is open & 
has suffered many evils of the most distressing nature from 
the depredations of the enemy at Baggaduce, who report 
there in arni'd vessels & boats & scours the country at their 
pleasure — That many of the wood coasters bound to this & 
other capitol places of the State have been taken by s d boats 
& vessels & utterly destroyed — 1[ That many persons who 
have fled from said Pittstown to the enemies at Baggaduce, 
being well acquainted with the country & with those persons 
who have been most zealous in the cause of America, have 
committed the most enormous inhumanities upon the prop- 
erty & liberties of persons of that character, & are still 
marauding the country for such subjects upon whom they 
may exert their barbarious ingenuity — And such is their 
situation in that country that the designs of their enemies 
may easily be executed — Your petitioner therefore humbly 
prays in behalf of s d county that your Honors wou'd take 
into consideration their distressed situation and make such 
orders as in your wisdom shall seem most meet for their 
safety & the general peace of the State & as in duty bound 

will ever pray — 

Joseph Xorth 

Boston Sept r 9 th 1780 

In the House of Representatives Sep 1 14, 1780 

Read & thereupon Order'd, That Brigad 1- Preble, Brigad 1- 
Trott & Coll Coffin with such as the Hon Board shall join be 
a Committee to consider the same — to enquire into the sit- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 393 

nation of the Eastern Parte of the State in what manner 
the Troops and Boats there, arc employed— and to consider 
what naval Force is necessary to be employed for the Pro- 
tection thereof, and how it shall be procured 
Sent up for ( incurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 

in Council Sep' L5 1 L780 

Read & ( oncurred and Joseph Simpson and Stephen 
( Ihoate Esq' are joined 

John Avery I) Secy 

The Committee of Both Houses to whom was Committed the 
Petition of Joseph North Esq r of Pitts Town in the County 
of Lincoln for and in behalf of the s d County as the sea Coast 
is open & has suffered many evils of the most distressing 
nature as sett forth in said petition, have attended the Service 
assigned them & beg leave to report by way of Resolve, 
Which is Submitted 

J. Simpson p r Order 

Resolved that the Board of War be Directed to purchase 
or Hire a sutable Vessell that will Mount ten or twelve Car- 
riage Guns, and fit her for the Sea as Soon as may be to 
Guard the Sea Coast from Cape Ann and Eastward as far 
as Camden in the ( ounty of Lincoln for the protection of the 
Coasting Vessells, and it is further Resolved that the Hon ble 
Maj r Part of the Council be Desired to give Brig r G 1 Wads- 
worth such further Orders as may be Necessary for the Pro- 
tection of the County of Lincoln 

In Council Sep 1 16, 1780 
I lead \* Sent down 

John Avery D Sec'y 



394 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Resolution on the Petition of James Bowdoin Escf & Others. 

To y e hon ble the Council & House of Representatives 

The Subscribers, a joint Committee of the Corporation of 
Harvard College & of the American Academy of Arts & 
Sciences, humbly Shew 

That on the 27 th of October next there will be a very re- 
markable Eclipse of the Sun, which is represented to us by 
the Rev d M r Samuel Williams Hollisson Professor of Mathe- 
matics & natural Philosophy in the University at Cambridge, 
will be in the Eastern Parts of this State, in the neighbour- 
hood of Penobscot, total and central. That he cannot find 
that any total Eclipse of the Sun has ever been seen here 
from y e first Settlement of the Country, nor will any such 
be visible here until the year 1806 ; that observations of 
Eclipses have been attended with so many advantages to 
mankind that they are universally esteemed objects of great 
Attention in every civilized nation : That They have been of 
great use in chronology, serving in several cases to ascertain 
the date of ancient transactions, and have been applied with 
Great advantage by Divines in determining y e important 
point of the christian era. That in Geography they have 
been of Singular Service in determining the longitude of 
places ; and in astronomy they are of the greatest use to 
perfect the lunar Theory and Tables. With these two last 
Objects navigation, and of consequence, Commerce must al- 
ways be very nearly connected. That an Opportunity now 
presents itself to make an observation of a phenomenon, 
which has never as yet been seen in this part of America, 
and cannot be seen again for many years to come; that if 
leave and accommodations can be procured, the above-named 
Professor would be ready to do every thing in his power 
towards making the observation, for compleating of which 
it will be necessary that six or seven Persons should be en- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 395 

gaged in it. That as your Petitioners hiinil.lv apprehend 
the cause of Science will be much served, and y e honour of 
this State greatly promoted, if a good observation of the said 
Eclipse can be procured in a place where it will be total, they 
beg leave to submit y" m;itter to your Honour's Considera- 
tion ; and pray your Honours would be pleased to order the 
Board of War & Commissary General to provide the Said 
Professor and his assistants with such Accomodations and 
Supplies as may enable them to effect so desirable an Object: 
or that they may be enabled to ell'ect it by such other mean- 
as y r Honors Shall think proper. 

James Bowdoin Thomas Gushing 

Henry Gardner Samuel Cooper 

In Council Sep 1 9 l 1780 
Read & Sent down 

John Avery D Secy 
In the House of Representatives Sepf 9, 1780 

Read & ordered That Col Dawes, M r Cranch & Col 1 Bald- 
win, with such as the Hon 1 Board shall join, be a Committee 
to take the foregoing Petition into consideration & report 
what may proper to be done thereon 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Sok. 
In Council Sep 1 9* 1780 

Read & Concurred and Jeremiah Powell and Timothy 

Danielson Esq rs are joined — 

John Avery D Secy. 

Order For Abatement of Taxes of Inhabitants of Lewistown. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Sept 11 th 1780 
On y e petition of Lemuel Cumings, & others a Com ,ee iu 
behalf of the Inhabitants of a New plantation ('ailed Lewis- 



390 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



town in the County of Lincoln praying for an abatement of 
publick taxes, assessed on them by the assessors of the Town 
of Winthrop for the year 1779 — 

Resolved that the prayer of said petition be granted and 
that the assessors of the said Town of Winthrop be and they 
are hereby Ordered and directed to abate all the publick 
Taxes that have or shall be assessed on the polls and Estates 
of the said inhabitants of Lewistown for the year 1779 pro- 
vided Never the less than Nothing in this resolve shall be 
construed to Extend to make any abatement in the Taxes 
imposed on the Town of Winthrop by the Gen 1 Court 
Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 

In Council Sept 12 l 1780 
Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Secy 

Consented to — 

13. Austin 



J Bowdoin 
Jere Powell 
T. Gushing 
W Spooner 
B. White 



N Gushing 
T. Danielson 
Sam' Niles 
Jn° Pitts 



J. Simpson 
Aaron Wood 
Caleb Strong 
Step h Choate 
Tho s Durfee 



Resolve on the Petition of Robert Calef. 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Sept 12 th 1780 

On the Petition of Robert Calef praying for leave to go 
to Penobscot and to return with his sister Sarah 

Resolved — That the Prayer of the Petition be granted 
and that Robert Calef be and hereby is permitted to take 
Passage on Board the Cartel bound to Penobscot for the 



OB THE STATE <>K MAINE '■'•'■^~ 

Purpose of bringing his Sister Sarah Prom thence into this 
State who have liberty to return in the first Cartel from 

Penobscot 

I To the Hun 1 ' 1 - the Counei] & 
Stateof Massachusetts Bay Hon We House of Representatr ee 

( in ( reneral ( burl Ajwembled 

The Petition of Roberl Calef of Boston a Minor aged 
Nineteen Years Humbly Shewelh 

Thai your Petitioners Father last December sent for his 

Family to Penobscot, your Pet r Mother aol inclining to go 
but sent her Daughter aged fourteen years, that since, your 
Pet r Father has departed for England and left his Daughter 
at Penobscot without a friend to help her, that she by the 
last ('artel from Penobscot protest a great desire to come to 
Xew England. 

Therefore your Pet* prays your Hon™ indulgence that he 
may be permitted to go in the ("artel under any Limitations 

\- restrictions your lTon IS may think proper, to Accompany 
his Sister to this place. 

And in Duty will ever [tray & c 

Robert Calef 



State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Sept' 12, 1780 
On the Petition of Roberl Calef, praying for leave to go 
to Penobscot & to return with his Sister Sarah; 

Resolved, That the prayer of said petitioner be so Par 
granted as that the said Sarah Calef be permitted to retnm 
into this State in the first ('artel from Penobscot 
Sent up for ( 'oncurrence 

John Hancock Spk* 



398 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



In Council Sep. 13 th 1780 

Read & Concurred as taken into a Xew Draught — 

Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery D Sec'y 

In the House of Representatives Sept. 13 — 1780 

Read & nonconcurred & the House adhere to their own 

Vote 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council Sep 1 13 th 1780 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Secy 

Consented to — 

Jer Powell 

J Bowdoin 

W Spooner 

T dishing 

B Austin 



N dishing 
T. Danielson 

Sam Niles 
Jn° Pitts 
Caleb Strong 



Aaron Wood 
D Davis 
J Simpson 
Step D Choate 
Tho 8 Durfee 



Resolve on the Petition of George Williams and Other's. 

To the Honorable Council and the Honorable House of 
Representatives of the State of Massachusetts bay in 
General Court assembled. 
May it please this Honorable Assembly. 

We your Memorialists being Merchants in the Town of 
Salem & late owners of the Ships Hector & Black Prince 
destroyed in Penobscot river in the Service of this State pre- 
sume to lay this account of our Grievances before this hon 1 
Assembly, & appealing to the justice of our country to ask 
Redress. We take liberty to represent, that at the time when 
the eastern expedition was undertaken, the ship Hector was 
new from the stocks & at a very great expence to the several 



OF THE STATE OF MAIM-: 399 

owners fitted for S<-a. Thai the ship "Black Prince" haveing 
returned from a long abscence withoul any Buccess was also 
witli a very great difficulty arising from the previous Bevere 
misfortunea of many of the owners made ready for Sea. At 
this period the fairesl opportunity presented for making 
depredations on the Commerce of Great Britain; immense 
Cargoes of provisions wore arriving every day on the Coasts 
of America, \- the Quebec fleet the object of our Intended 
pursuits was then expected in the river S 1 Lawrence Laden 
with the choicest manufactures of our enemies, & from good 
information in no condition of defence against our largest 
private ships such as were the two above mentioned. At 
this time the embargo was ordered & our Ships demanded by 
public authority with a compulsive importunity that admitted 
neither deliberation nor denial. We shall be pardoned by 
iliis Hon ble Assembly when we say, that many of us knowing 
or foreboding the danger to so great & essential a part of our 
most valuable property, were very averse to the measure: we 
anticipated such misfortunes as might arise, cV in those mis- 
fortunes the loss of our Interest, our credit & our support 
which to many of us was derived solely from predatory enter- 
prize the only precarious & miserable resource an unhappy 
war has left us. — These apprehensions were plainly <.V 
decently mentioned to such Gentlemen as were appointed to 
contract on the part of the State, & we were assured that the 
Ships would be detained only a few days, & by no means so 
long as to bring them into danger; & that if any misfortunes 
should arise the owners would be indemnified without delay. 
On these Conditions the Ships Hector <.V Black Prince were 
ingaged, & after waiting a fortnight for the fleet sailed for 
Penobscot. — A delicate sense of the honor of our Country 
forbids as to enlarge on the event of this fatal expedition. 
We have now only to urge our own sufferings *.V to ask a full- 



400 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

filment of the engagements then entered into with us. — 
Altho' as Citizens of America we deem ourselves in the last 
resort, obliged to sacrifice our property & hazard our lives 
in defence of our common country, yet we conceive the case 
here to have been essentially different. It was not to repel 
a present formidable invasion, or a general & impending 
danger, but to provide against a distant & partial evil that 
our property was demanded ; & altho' success might have been 
as ruinous to us as misfortune has really been, yet even from 
success we could derive no more, & probably not so much 
advantage as other merchants in the sea-ports not immediate- 
ly concerned in the expedition. We therefore consider our- 
selves as having suffered, & been sacrificed to the public ; & 
as having from that public the clearest & most equitable 
claim to immediate & complete indemnity. 

We desire most seriously to assure this Hon ble Assembly, 
that many of us agreed to this representation, solely from the 
necessity of our affairs: that a regard to the state in the 
present hurry & embarrassment of our public concerns would 
weigh greatly with us to suspend our claims under circum- 
stances more agreable; but that our loss at Penobscot, the 
suspension of commerce during the most interesting part of 
the last summer, & such general & severe misfortunes in 
trade & enterprize as have befallen us since, joined to the 
great taxes, & the enormous price of the necessaries of life, 
have left the inhabitants of this & the other sea-ports in a 
Situation truly to be commiserated. We know indeed that 
an immediate payment of our demands would in some de- 
gree enhance the taxes already so considerable; but as the 
marine levy for the eastern expedition great as it was, was 
made on a few people, & as among those few some have 
furnished, & hitherto lost their all : so we conceive that by 
doing justice to individuals & making speedy reperation, no 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 401 

other disadvantage would accrue, than making a Calamity 
hitherto general only in name, to be (as it ought) general in 
realitv. 

May it please this IIon ble Assembly, the evil complained 
of is real, & by no means the effect of gloomy or discontented 
minds — it is real & severely felt in the demands which the 
families of some of the sufferers daily make for the comf<w ; 
of life. NTor is it partial alone but so general as to add great- 
ly to that melancholy & alarming impoverishment of this 
town: for the seamen belonging to those two ships & another 
of equal size, chiefly belonged to this town & received for 
their summer's work or a large part of it the trifling sum 
of 48 shillings pr month. 

We your Memorialists do therefore most respectfully but 
very seriously request that our very distressing circumstances 
may be taken into consideration, that the promises so long 
given may be fulfilled that reparation may be made so far 
as it is possible, & that we may see our Commerce & mari- 
time business now languishing under so severe a check, again 
nourishing under the patronage of our country. And as in 
duty bound &° & c 

Geo Williams, p r order of the Owners of Ship Black prince 

Jon a Peele j r p r order of the owners of the Ship Hecttor 

In the House of Representatives Sept 1 ' 12 th 1780 

Read & thereupon Ordered — That Coll Dawes Coll Orne 
& ( 'oil Gerrish, with such as the Hon. Board shall join, be 
a Committee to consider the same and report what is proper 
to be done thereon 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk 1 
In Council Sept. 12 th 1780 

Read & Concurred and Benjamin Austin and John Pitts 
Esq™ are joined and Ordered — That Said Committee be 
and hereby are instructed to take up the .Matter at large ro- 

26 



402 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

specting the Losses of other Vessels sustained in Said 
Expedition 

Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery D Secy 

In the House of Representatives Sept r 12 th 1780 

Read & Concurred 

John Hancock Spk r 



Letter to the Command 9 Officer of the British at Penobscot — 
Similar One to Gen 1 Wadsworth. 

Boston Sept. 12, 1780 
S r 

It is expected there will be a very remarkable Eclipse of 
y e Sun on y e 27 th of Oct next, and that it will be central & 
total at or near the british Post at Penobscot where you com- 
mand: the centre of y e Moon's Shadow if the longitude & 
latitude of that place by y e Maps can be depended on, being 
by calculation to pass over Penobscot Bay, As accurate 
observations of this Eclipse at a place so situated, may be 
greatly beneficial especially in Geography & Astronomy, the 
Gen 1 Assembly of this State have made provision for Suitable 
persons to observe it at any place most proper for that pur- 
pose, and to which they can have access. The Gentleman 
who will be employed is ye Rev d M r Sam 1 Williams Hollisson 
Professor of Mathematics & Nat 1 Phil at our University at 
Cambridge with such assistants as he shall take with him. 
If he sh d judge your Post or any other place within your com- 
mand most suitable for making his observations it is not 
doubted that as a Friend of Science you will not only give 
him y r permission for that purpose, but every assistance in 
your power to render the observations as perfect as possible. 
Though we are politically enemies, yet with regard to Science 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 403 

it is presumable we shall not dissent from the practice of all 
civilized people in promoting it either in conjunction or 
seperately as occasions for it shall happen to offer. 

Please to favour me with an answer, and with Passes for 
the safe going & return of M r Williams & his associates, and 
of the Vessel and Mariners. 

I am respectfully S r yr most ob 1 hble Serv 1 

S r Enclosed is a letter for the Commanding Officer of the 
British Garrison at Majabagwaduce relative to y e Eclipse of 
y e Sun in Oct next w ch is open for y r perusal. It is the 
order of the Council, that with delay after sealing it, you 
dispatch it by a Flag to the s d Officer and request his answer 
to it, w ch you are to send to Boston with as much expedition 
as possible 

In the House of Representatives Sep. 12 — 1780 

Order d That Coll Coffin & Mr Whitney be of the Com- 
mittee on the Petition of Jas. Cargill & the Answer thereto, 
in the room of Mr Dix & Mr Crane absent 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council Sep 1 12 th 1780 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Secy. 

The Committee of both Houses on the Petition of The 

Hon ble James Bowdoin Esq 1 " and Others beg Leave to report 

the following Resolve 

Per Powell P r Order 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Whereas Representation has been made to This Court, by 
The Hon'ble James Bowdoin Esq 1 * and others Lovers of 
Learning and Mankind That on the 27 th Day of Octo r 
next There will happen in the Xieghbourhood of Penobscot 
a central and Total Eclipse of The Sun a Phenomenon never 



4:04 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

apparant in These States since Their Settlement, and as 
Oservation Thereon may be of much Consequence in Science 
particularly in Geography and Navigation, and That The 
Kev d Samuel Williams Hollisson Professor of Mathematics 
and Natural Philosophy in The University at Cambridge in 
This State will be ready to give his aid with such Assist- 
ance as may be proper to make the Necessary Observations 
at the most convenient Place near Penobscot Therefore 
Resolved That The Board of War be and They hereby are 
order d and Directed to fit out the State Gaily with proper 
Stores and accomodations for the Conveyance of the Rev d 
Samuel Williams Hollisson Professor of the Mathematics & 
Natural Philosophy at the University at Cambridge and such 
Attendants as he may Think proper to take with him to make 
the desired Observations on the Central and total Eclipse of 
the Sun Which will happen on the said 27 th Day of Octo r 
at or near Penobscot; and That the Council be and they are 
hereby requested to write proper Letters to the British Com- 
mander of the Garrison at Penobscot, That the import ant 
Designs of the said Observations may not be frustrated. 
In Council Sep 1 12 th 1780 

Read & Sent down John Avery D Secy 

In the House of Representatives Sept, 12 th 1780 

Read & passed 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council Sept. 12 th 1780 

Read & Concurred John Avery D Secy. 

Consented to — 

J Bowdoin Caleb Strong Sam 1 Niles 

Jer: Powell B.Austin Jn° Pitts 

Step" Choate W Spooner D Davis 

T Gushing B White J Simpson 

N. Gushing T Danielson Tho 8 Durfee 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 405 

Report of Committee. 

In persuanee of the resolve of the General Court of the 7' L 
September 1780 

We the Subscribers have attended to the Settlement of 
Col John Allen's Accounts exhibited to us being from 1 De- 
cember 177!) to the 1 June I7 v, » which we find well Vouched 
and righl casl ; Ballance due to him on those; Accounts Seven 
Thousand Five Hundred Fifty nine pounds Nineteen Shil- 
lings & five pence — That the said Allan has received from 
the Commissary and Truck House Stores, the Sum of One 
Thousand Seven Hundred & twelve pound Fifteen Shillings 
and nine pence, which he has paid the Soldiers in part of 
their Wages and is to be deducted from the Pay Rolls when 
settled — We also find due to John Curry Esq r Nine Thou- 
sand four Hundred and four pounds for Supplies by him 
made to Indians Certified by Col Allen 

John Deming 
Stephen Gorham 
Boston 12 th September 1780 Peter Boyer 

In Council Septemb 14* 1780 

Read & Sent down John Avery D Sec'y 



Memorial Ebenezer Whittier and John Lanqdon. 

To the Honorable Council, and Honorable House of Repre- 
sentatives for the State of Massachusetts Bay 

September 8 ,h 1780- 
The memorial of Ebenezer Whittier and John Langdon of 
Pownalborough in the County of Lincoln humbly shown h 
— That Your Memorialists have been served with a Copy 
of a resolve of the Honorable the General Court passed the 
Twenty third day of June last, which Act of the whole Court 



406 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

sets forth That Whereas at an Inferior Court of Common 
pleas holden at Pownalborough within and for the County 
of Lincoln on the first Tuesday of this present Month 
Ebenezer Whittier and John Langdon, boath of Pownal- 
borough aforesaid yeomen, recovered Judgement against 
James Cargill of Newcastle in the same County Gentleman 
for the Sum of Thirteen thousand one hundred and twenty 
three pounds Eighteen shillings damage and Twenty two 
pounds sixteen shillings Costs. Upon the petition of the 
said James Cargill it is — Resolved that the Execution of the 
said Judgement be stayed untill the third Wednesday of the 
next session of this Court and the Sheriffs of each of the 
Counties in this State and their respective Deputies and 
under Sheriffs are hereby directed and commanded in the 
mean time not to Execute or serve any Executions of the 
Judgement aforesaid, either on the person or any part of the 
Estate of the said James Cargill, and the said Ebenezer 
Whittier and John Langdon are by the said James Cargill 
to be served with a Copy hereof to shew cause if any they 
have wherefore the said Judgement should be Executed — 
Your Memorialists being Cited to appear and shew cause 
wherefore said Judgement should be executed; do now at 
great cost and expence near two hundred miles from their 
place of abode attend on the Honorable Court and beg 
leave to lay before your honors the following State of Eacts. 
That on the Twentyeth day of September 1776. Your 
Memorialists bought of the said James Cargill a certain 
Sloop called the Nancy of the burthen of Eighty Tons or 
thereabouts, and that the said James covenanted with your 
Memorialists that he had good right to sell the same and that 
he would forever bear your Memorialists and their assigns 
harmless. In October 1776 your Memorialists sold the said 
Sloop and covenanted as above with Obe Hubbs of Woolwich. 



OF THE STATE OF MAIM'. 407 

In September 1777 the said Hubbs sold the said Sloop with 
Warranty to Samuel Bayley & Timothy Topan Ford of Xew- 
buryport. On the 9 th day of January 1777, The Honorable 
the General Court Resolved that Stephen Hall and Peleg 
Crookcr, former owner of said Sloop Nancy have leave to file 
their Claim to said Sloop her Cargo and appurtenances at 
ihe next Superior Court of Judicature &c, as is more fully 
set forth in said Resolve — On the 3 d Tuesday of June 177 s , 
the aforesaid Stephen Hall & Peleg Crooker recover'd Judge 
nient at a Superior Court of Judicature &c held at Ipswich in 
the County of Essex, for restitution of said Sloop Nancy. 
And on the 18 th day of July 1778 the said Sloop was taken 
by execution at Northyarmouth in the County of Cumberland 
then being the property of the aforesaid Bayley & Ford. On 
the 3 d Tuesday of June 1779 the said Bayley & Ford re- 
covered Judgement at a Superior Court of Judicature &c 
begun & held at Ipswich within & for the County of Essex 
against the said Obe Hubbs, for the said Sloop Nancy and 
Damages: which Judgement your Memorialists (to prevent 
further Costs) did fully pay and satisfy as well as Obe 
Hubbs's demands for Damages. — From the foregoing State 
of facts your Memorialists humbly conceive your honors will 
be convinced they had a Just Demand upon, and good right 
of action against James Cargill. In June 1779, your 
Memorialists commenced an action against the said James 
Cargill in a plea of Covenant broken, and summonsed the said 
James to appear at the Inferior Court of Common Pleas to be 
holden at Pownalborough in the County of Lincoln in Sep- 
tember 1779 which action was continued to June last, when 
it was left to a Rule of Court, Three Gentlemen of the first 
characters for knowledge & integrety in the County of Lin- 
coln Viz General Charles dishing Esq 7 Jonathan Bowman 
Esq 1 " and Nathaniel Thwing Esq r which persons were all 



408 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

nominated by the said James and consented to by your 
Memorialists. They had a very fair & full hearing, the 
account of Damages sustained was carefully examined by 
them, and the said James Cargill declared himself perfectly 
satisfied with the report of said Referees upon which said 
Judgement was founded. And the said James further de- 
clares he did not petition your honors for relief with the 
intent of depriving your Memorialists of their just de- 
mands which is the sum awarded them as aforesaid — 
That your Memorialists can't but think themselves greatly 
distressed and agrieved by being forced to appear near two 
hundred miles from their place of abode to shew cause where- 
fore a Judgement of a Court of Law & Justice should be 
executed, a Judgement for a Just Debt, and a Judgement, 
the Debtor himself acknowledges to be just. *[ Your Memo- 
rialists humbly conceive they have Shewen cause where fore 
Judgement should have been Executed, and are impressed 
with the deepest concern that your Honors Order aforesaid, 
should be made to opperate to their immediate and very great 
damage as may more fully appear by the following State of 
Facts. — That your Memorialists had taken out Execution 
against the said James and served the same on his personal 
property, and had sold the same and leveyed the sum of three 
thousand three hundred and twenty eight pounds in part 
towards satisfying the Execution. And had proceeded to 
serve the same on the real Estate of the said James, and that 
three appraisers were chosen for that purpose one by your 
Memorialists and two by the Officer (the said James being 
absent) and that the whole of the said James's Estate was 
appraised, it being an undivided Estate in common, and one 
fifth part of said Estate was set off or apportioned to satisfy 
the said Judgement and all costs and charges — And on the 
day the Officer was about to put your Memorialists in to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 409 

Possession or give Seizes of the same, James Cargill pro 
duced your honors order aforesaid; which has set aside the 
whole of the Officers proceedings respecting the service of 
the said Execution, whereby your Memorialists have losi 

their costs of selling and appraising the s d Estate, also one 
fifth part of the Grass produced by the premises, and their 
security made on said Estate, and one exposed to an action of 
Damage from the said James for selling his Personal Estate 
Your .Memorialists therefore humbly pray your honors 
would make valid all the Officers doings respecting the service 
of the said Execution on the said James's Real & Personal 
Estate, your honors order to the contrary notwithstanding. 
and that your Memorialists may be paid them out of y" pub- 
lick Treasury all the Damage they have sustained by your 
Honors Order aforesaid for their Time, and the Expences 
they have been at in attending on the Honorable Court, and in 
procuring Evidence to support this memorial — And that 
all sales, conveyances, attachments, or incumbrances (if any ) 
made of or upon the said Estate since the first Tuesday of 
June last may be declared Void — or that your Memorialists 
may have such other relief as your Honors in your (ireat 
Wisdom may think fitt. 

And as in duty bound Your Memorialists will ever pray 

Eben r Whittier 
John Langdon 

Resolve on the Petition of the Administrators of the Estate 
of Jeremiah Moulton. 

To the Hon ble the Council and House of Representatives of 
the State of Massachusetts Bay in general Assembly con- 
vened Humbly Shew — 

The Administrators of the Estate of Jeremiah Moulton 
late of York in the County of York Esq 1 " deceased, with the 



410 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Will annexed, and the Administrators of the Estate of Brig- ' 
adier Jothani Moulton dec d Intestat 

That Jeremiah Moulton aforesaid in 1765 made and 
executed his last Will and Testament in which he devised 
% of his Real Estate equally among his four Sons, and par- 
ticularly appropriated his personal Estate, excepting out- 
standing debts; and by a Codicil made in 1770 Ordered his 
out lands and mills to be disposed of for the paiment of his 
debts in case his outstanding debts should be insufficient, 
and appointed his Wife Abigail & Son Jotham Executors. 

That soon after Executing his said Codicil He fell into a 
gloomy State of mind and remained unfit for Transacting 
Business or making any alteration in his Will, until his 
Death which was in July 1777 

That during his continuance in the gloomy State of mind 
aforesaid his Wife Abigail and Three of his Sons legatees in 
the same Will named, died, and two of them Viz 1 Thomas 
and Jotham left children, so that only his youngest Son and 
his Three Daughters Survived him 

That between the Time of making the Will and Codicil 
the Testator erected a House Frame on part of his land, a 
little distance from his homestead finished several Eooms in 
it and placed his Son Jotham therein. That said Jotham 
went on to finish, and as his Family increased made addi- 
tions thereunto; built a convenient Barn dug a Well & c & c 
insomuch that at the Time of the Testators death this piece 
of land was materially inhanced in Value by the expendi- 
tures thereon by the said Jotham. 

That the said Jeremiah being unable to do Business for 
the last seven years of his Life, and a long sickness that 
attended his Wife before her death, Occasions equitable de- 
mands on the Testators Estate to a much larger amount than 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 411 

the Testators outstanding debts, so that some part of the 
Testators Real Estate will be needed to discharge them. 

That the death of the Testators two eldest Sons (who Left 
Issue) before the Testator makes such an alteration in the 
descent of about % of his Real Estate, as tis, more than 
probable he would have prevented by making a new Will had 
it been in his power. 

That the Petitioners are desirous that the Children of said 
Jotham (who are six in number & all under 14) may reap 
the benefit of the said Jotham's Expenditures on the House 
and Land before mentioned, by having the same Lands & 
Buildings assigned to them toward their share of the Testa 
tors Estate deducting the Value or amount of such expendi- 
tures as were made by the Testator as near as may be: and 
that the Children of Thomas & Jotham respectively may 
have as much of their Grandfather's Estate assigned them 
as their Respective Fathers Thomas and Jotham would have 1 
had by the said Will, in case they had survived the Testator 
except so much as their said Fathers had received taken or 
appropriated to their own use out of the Testators Estate 
after he made his Will in 1765. And that the devise to 
Jeremiah who died without Issue and unmarried in the 
Testators life Time may be equally divided among the sur- 
viving Children of the Testator and the legal representatives 
of such of them as are dead. 

Wherefore they pray that the Administration of the said 
Jeremiah Moulton's Estate (who are his Surviving Son and 
two Sons in law) or any two of them may have the same 
pow T er to dispose of the Testator Real Estate for the paiment 
of debts that the Testator in the same Will gave to his Exe- 
cutors. And also that in consideration of the particular 
circumstances before related, That a power may be Vested 
in the Court of Probate for the County of York, or such 



Job Lyman 

8am 1 Sewall 

Sam 1 Nason for bis wife 

the within Joanna 

Nicholas Sewall 

Joel Moulton 



412 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

other Court in the same County as your Honour shall judge 
mete, to remedy the Inconveniences aforesaid and decree 
therein agreable to Equity. 
These Certify That on the 25th " 
day of June 1777 Administra- 
tion of the Estate of Brigadier 
Jotham Moulton late of York in 
the County of York Esq 1- de- 
ceased Intestate was granted to 
Joanna Moulton & Nicholas 
Sewall And on the 31 st day of July 1777 Administration of 
the Estate of Jeremiah Moulton late of York in said County 
Esq r die d Testate with his Will annexed was Granted to Joel 
Moulton, Job Lyman and Sam 1 Sewall. 

David Sewall Reg r 

Order of Council Directing Board of War. 

State of Mass" 8 Bay 

Council Chamber Sep r 8 l 1780 

Ordered — That Board of War be and they hereby are 

directed to deliver James Avery Agent to Col Allen Super- 

intendant to the Eastern Indians One Barrel of Pitch and 

One Barrel of Tar for the purpose of fitting the Armed 

Schooner Nashquowoit for Sea — And Charge the Same to 

the Ace 1 of the United States 

Attest John Avery D Secy 

Resolve in Favor of James Cargill. 

State of Massachusetts Bay. 

In the House of Representatives Sept r 1780 
The Committee on the Petition of Sundry persons in favor 
of James Cargill, have attended the Service fully heard the 
Partys, & beg leave to Report the follow g Resolves — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 11'. 

Resolved that there be paid out of the Treasury of this 
Slate to -lames Cargill, the sum of three hundred pound* 
the New Continental Currency or State Securities to thai 
Amount, as a Consideration for the loss he has sustained, in 
consequence of a Judgment recovered againsl him by John 
Langdon & Ebenezer Whittier in the inferiour Court at 
Pownalborough in June last, the particulars of which are ■ 
forth in said petition — and it is farther Resolved that the 
Execution levied on the Estate of James Cargill by David 
.Murray Dep y Sherriff in fa\ r of John Langdon & Ebenezer 
Whitten, he valid, the Resolve of the General Court in June 
last to the Contrary Xot withstanding — 

Also Resolved that there be paid out of the Treasury of 
this State to John Langdon the Sum of Twenty two pounds 
Xew Con 1 Currency, or State Securities to that Amount to 
pay his Expences & c in coming to Boston to make answer to 
the Petition, agreahle to the resolve of y e General Court in 
.1 line last — 

The Committee of both Houses to whom was committed 
the petition in favor of James Cargill have attended the 
service heard the parties & c , and beg leave to report the 
Following resolves, which is Humbly Submitted 

Joseph Simpson pr Order 

Resolved, that there be paid out of the Treasury of this 
State to James Cargill the Sume of 

to enable him to pay the sums for which Judgment was re- 
covered against him by John Langdon & Ebenezer Whittier 
in the Inferiour Court at Pownelb in June last and to re- 
deem his Estate taken by Execution in Consequence thereolf 

and it is further Resolved that the Execution Leavied on 
the Kstate of James Cargill by David Murray Deputy 
Sheriff in favour of John Langdon and Ebenezer Whittier 
be Valid, the Resolve of the General Court in June last to 



414 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Contrary Notwithstanding and that there be paid out of 
the Treasury of this State to John Langdon the Sume of 

to pay his expences &c in coming 
to Boston to make answer to the petition agreable to the Re- 
solve of the General Court in June last 
In Council Sep 1 13* 1780 
Read & sent Down 

John Avery D Secy 
In the House of Representatives Sept 16 1780 
Read & accepted as taken into a new Draught 
Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council Sep 1 16 th 1780 
Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Secy 
In the House of Representatives Sept 15 — 1780 

Ordered that M r Walley Maf Goodman & Maj Davis of 
Oxford be a Committee to confer with such Committee as 
the Hon. Board shall appoint, on the subject matter of the 
Resolve which passed the House on the Petition of Coll. 

Cargill — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk 
In Council Sep 1 18 1 1780 

Read & Concurred and Nathan dishing Samuel Baker & 

Thomas Durfee Esq r are joined. 

John Avery D Sec'y 



Genl Wadsworth to Pres t of Council. 

Head Quarters, Thomaston 14 Sept r 1780 
Sir, 

Agreeable to my Instructions I have endeavoured to annoy 
the Enemy in this Neighborhood by scouting & cruising upon 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 11.") 

them. To do this more effectually Enterprize was necessary. 
To incourage Enterprize I offered one half, three quart 
or the whole of Prizes taken by Cruizing Parties to the 
Captors, according to the difficulty or danger attending. 

My Expectations have been well answered, & I have been 
tolerably successful. The prizes taken have been sent into 
S l Georges River; & according to Custom where martial Law 
is in force I have ordered Courts martial from time to time 
to try the justice of the Captures by Parties immediately 
under my Command. They have tried & condenmed several 
Vessels & Boats as Prizes; & I have ordered them sold for the 
Benefit & Encouragement of the Captors, reserving the pro- 
portion due to the State. This Conduct I tho't & still think 
to be just & right, & I am sure has promoted the good of the 
Service & has been beneficial to the State, f But to my sur- 
prize I am informed one of those Vessels a Schooner, Tender 
to the Albany, taken up Penobscott River by a Party under 
Command of Cap 1 John Blunt, is attached & stopped at Bos- 
ton; & another taken by Capl : Richard Jones is attached at 
Damascotta. I wish for the Sentiments of Government in 
the Case, & that those Vessels may be immediately discharged, 
& any Proceedure against them stopped. Especially as no 
good can arise from their detention but to captious Individu- 
als & Had it not been for the Enterprize of the Captors the 
Vessel had still remained in the hand & service of the Enemy : 
And Prosecutions of this kind will destroy that Enterprize 
necessary to refuse others in like Circumstances in future. 

I am Sir, with much Respect, 

Your Honor's most obedient & very humble Servant 

P. Wadsworth B G 

President of Council 

The Committee to whom was referred the Consideration 
of Gen 1 Wadsworths Letters, have attended that Service, and 



416 DOCUMENTARY HI8TOET 

Report as their Opinion, that said Letter be referred to the 
next sitting of the General Assembly 

Jos. Dorr per Order 

In Council Oct 3 d 1780 

Read & not accepted & Ordered that the Committee be & here- 
by are directed to set again 

Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery D Secy 

In the House of Representatives Oct 4. 1780 

Read & nonconcurred & the House accepts the Report of 

the Committee 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spkr. 

In Council Oct b 4 l 1780 
Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Secy. 



Petition of Frederic — a French Chaplain. 

To the Honorable Council of Boston 

Frederic Chaplain of the Vessels of the King of France 
and now appointed for a Mission in the Eastern Tribes of 
Savages of this State intreats the Honorable Council of 
Massachusetts Bay, saying that He came here in order to go 
as quick as possible to Machias, and that he had the promise 
from the General Heath to be only during a week here, before 
that he would go to his Mission. But he has been already 
almost a month in expecting every day to set out the next 
day, and during such a time the winter approachs and he is 
in an entire inaction and inutility to this State and to his 
King. He therefore intreats your Justice to give your 
orders that he set out directly and he also prays you to give 



OF T1IK STATE OF MAINE 417 

one fixed pay to bis Interpret Gideon de Lesderniere from 

the IS"' August of this year 1780, which is day from which 
thev are departed from Rhode's [eland. He address hi 
wishes to the Heaven for the prosperity of this State and 
of other United States of America — 
Boston 14 th September 1780 P. Frederic 

Chaplain of the Vessels of the King of France. 

In Council Sep 1 14 l 1780 

Read & sent down with an Order of Council respect i 1 1 l^, 

Gideon I) e Lcsdernier accompanying the same 

John Avery D Secy. 
State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber Aug 1 24 th 1780 
Ordered that Gideon de Lesdcrnicr he and hereby is per- 
mitted to attend the Chaplain of the Vessels of his most 
Christian Majesty the King of France as an Interpreter upon 
his Mission among the different Tribes of Indians in the 
Eastern part of this State under the Superintendence of 
Col Jn° Allan and that the said Gideon be & he hereby is 
directed to apply to the General Court for a Compensation 
for his said Services — 
True Copy Attest John Avery D Secy 

Resolve in favor of Caleb Graff am. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Sept 18 1780 
On the Petition of Caleb Graffam of Windham in the 
County of Cumberland representing that in the year 177-". 
he was chosen by the said Town of Windham to collect the 
Sums assessed on the hundred acre Lots there agreeably t" 
an Act of 'the General Court intituled '"An Act impowering 
the assessors of the town of Windham in the County of Cum- 
berland to assess yearly for the three years next ensuing .me 
27 



418 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

pennv half penny p r acre on every of the hundred Acre Lots 
in said Town already lotted out & not otherwise taxed, min- 
isterial and School Lands in said Town excepted" That he 
passed up Copies of the Lists of Assessments committed to 
him by the Assessors as in and by said Act were directed in 
the Towns of Windham, Falmouth & Marblehead — That he 
can procure Evidence of his having posted up such notifica- 
tions in the Towns of Windham and Falmouth but on Ac- 
count of the death and removal of a great number of Persons 
who then lived in Marblehead he finds himself unable to 
obtain sufficient Evidence of their being posted up there — 

Therefore praying the Court to determine with respect to 
the Evidence of such Notifications in Cases at Law wherein 
he may be interested. 

Resolved that in all Causes or Actions at Law wherein the 
said Caleb Graffam shall be interested and wherein the 
Proof of Notifications as above mentioned being posted up at 
the three Towns aforesaid shall be required 

The Oath of the said Caleb that the same were posted up in 
the town of Marblehead together with other proof that they 
were posted up in the Towns of Falmouth <fc Windham shall 
be accounted sufficient Evidence, k the several Courts of Law 
within the State wherein such Cause or Action may be de- 
pending are hereby impowered & directed to receive the same 
so accordingly 

Sent up for Concurrence 
In Council Sep* 19 1780 

Read & Concurred John Avery D Sec'y 

Consented to — 

Jere Powell Sam 1 Baker Jn° Pitts 

W Spooner Sam Niles X dishing 

B Austin A Fuller 1) Davis 

J Fisher Aaron Wood Tho s Durfee 

T Danielson J Simpson Step n Choate 



OF ill B STATE OF MAINE 1 19 

Resolve in Relation in Kslalc of Jerniiuih Moulinn. 

Stale of Massachusetts Bay 

House of Representatives September 19"' 1780 
Whereas it appears by the Will of Jeremiah MoultoD late 

of York in said County deceased, that his Kxeeutors therein 
named, who died before the Testator Was Authorized to Sell 
lands for the paimenl of Debts Therefore Resolved thai 
ihe Admin™ of the said Estate with the will annexed, or any 
two of them, He and hereby have t lie same power Granted 
them in that respect as the said Executors would have had 
in case they had survived the Testator and provd the said 
Will -The Admin™ of the said Jeremiah Moulton deceased 
to account with the Judge of Probate for York County for 
the proceeds of any Lands, Sold by Virtue of this Resolve — 
And in Consideration of the particular Circumstances of the 
.said Jeremiah after making his said Will & the Death of his 
sons Thomas and Jotham in his life Time who left Issue. 1 1 
is further Resolved thai the Judge of Probate for the County 
of York for the Time being be and hereby is Authorized and 
hnpower'd to assign to the Children of Jotham doc' 1 the par- 
ticular lands & Tenements the said Jotham (as tis said) 
expended divers Sums of Money upon in the life Time of 
the Testator — Valuing the same at no more than what the 
said Jeremiah expended thereon and at the Value the same 
lands were Worth without any expenditure — Sums laid out 
on them to the end the said Jothams children may have the 
benefit of the Sums their father laid out on the same lands 
And also to assign in the division of the said Jeremiah's 
Estate as much in value to the Children of Thomas & Jotham 
deces'd (deducting any demands the Testator Jeremiah might 
have against them for Sums of Money or other Matters ad- 
vanced to them after making the said Will in 1765 — or any 
particular profits and advantages the said Thomas & Jotham 



420 DOCl'.MENTAHY IIISTOBY 

Respectively made had or Received out of the Testator- 
Estate after the making his Will afores'd in 1765 — ) as they 
the said Thomas & Jotham would have been Intitled unto by 
the said Will had they Survived the Testator — And it is 
farther Resolved that the Legacy given to Jeremiah by the 
said will who died before the Testator without Issue and 
unmarried Be divided equally among the Surviving Children 
of the Testator and the legal Representatives of such of them 
as are dead — Any Law usage or Custom to the Contrary 
notwithstanding — Provided always any Party aggrieved at 
the determination of the Judge of Probate in Consequence of 
this Resolve have liberty of appealing to the Supreme Pro- 
bate, as in other Probate Matters — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council Sep 1 19 l 1780 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Secy. 

Consented to — 

Jer Powell Sam Xiles J Simpson 

W Spooner D Davis Jn° Pitts 

J Fisher A Fuller E. Brooks 

Aaron Wood B White Edw d Cutts 

B Austin Sam 1 Baker Step n Choate 



Resolve on the Petition of John Starbird. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

To The Honorable Council and the Honorable House of 
Representatives of said State — 

The Petition of John Starbird of Falmouth in the County 
of Cumberland & State afores d humbly Shews — That on 
the tenth of October A. D. 1774 he made an Agreement with 



OF TllK STATE OF MAINE 421 

Francis Waldo Esq. an Absentee for a Tract of Land to said 
Falmouth containing between thirty & forty Acres, which 

Agreement was under the hand of said Waldo — witness'd 
by Theophilui Bradbury Esq' and is ready to be produced 

— Thai before said Waldo left the State he could not gel the 
Land Surveyed according to the Agreement on Account of 
the Absence & other engagements of M' Noyes who was to 
have surveyed it — and therefore has not yet received a Deed 
of the Same Wherefore Your Petitioner humbly prays 
your Honours to take the Premises into consideration — 
appoint some Person to See that the said Land is Surveyed 
and conveyed to him agreeably to the Tenor of Said Agree- 
ment and the Intention of the subscriber thereto — or other- 
wise take such measures for his Relief as your Honours in 
your great Wisdom shall judge proper — and your Petitioner 

— as in Duty bound will ever pray 

John Starbird 

X. B. I paid Samuel Waldo nine Pounds twelve shillings, 
which he paid to his Brother Francis above mention'd & 
which the said Francis promis'd to Account for with me when 
we settled for the said Land — But the promise was not in 
writing — & I can only submit it to your honours determina- 
tion whether to allow it or not. — I am ready to make Oath 

to the Truth of this Declaration — 

John Starbird 

Memorandum I have agreed to sell John Starbird a tract 
of Land bounded Northeasterly by, 30 acres x 30 & to he 
bounded by y e Road leading from Said Johns on y 8 other 
side & on y e Southeasterly end by Xathll Fickets Land, and 
on y e other End by Lands in possession of Jn° Bracket & 
David Bailey — supposed to contain between thirty & forty 
Acres, it is to be survevd as soon as may be by Joseph \oyes, 
y" heaver Pond is to be deducted, <v. the said John is to pay 



422 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

for what Land there may be upon said Survey At the Rate 

of forty shilling's per Acre; exclusive of said Pond. 

Oct r 10 ,h 1774 

Fra B Waldo 
Witness Theo Bradbury. 



Resolve on Petition of John Starbird. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Sep 1 19 th 1780 

On the Petition of John Starbird Representing that on 
the 10 th day of Oct 1 ' 1774 he made an agreement with Francis 
Waldo (an absentee) for Certain Lands in his Petition men- 
tioned ; Praying that Some Person may be appointed to Cause 
said Land to be Surveyed and Conveyed to him agreable to 
the Ten r of s d agreement — 

Resolved that the Prayor of the Petition be Granted and 

that Thomas Child Esq 1- be & he is hereby Impowered to 

procure a Survey of said Land & make & Execute a good 

& Lawfull Deed thereof to the said John Starbid his heirs k 

assigns at the Rate of Forty Shillings p 1 ' Acre in silver money 

with Lawfull Interest for the Same from Oct 1- 20 th 1774. 

Deducting therefrom nine pounds which appears to this Court 

was at that time paid by the said John Starbid to the said 

Francis Waldo in part Consideration for said Land and that 

the said Thomas Child Esq 1 " — pay into the Treas r of said 

State the Sum arising by said Sale for the use of said State- — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 

In Council Sep 1 19 th 1780 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Secy. 



OF THE STATE <)[<" MAINE 423 

( Consented to — 

.Ter: Powell I >. Davis Tims Durfee 

W Spooner A. Fuller A.aron Wood 

,1 Fisher Sam NTJes Step" Choate 

B White .In" Pitta Edwin Cutts 

B. Austin E Brooks 

N ( lushing J Simpson 



Conveyance of Sloop Nancy By Cargill to Langdon et ate. 

To all whome these presents may come 

Know ye that I James Cargill of New Castle in the 
County of Lincoln Esq r for and in Consideration of the Sum 
of Two hundred and fifty Pounds thirteen Shillings and four 
pence to me in hand paid By Eben Whittier, and John Lang- 
don jun* boath of Pownalboro' in y e County aforesaid the 
receipt of which 1 hereby acknowledge and therefor do clear- 
ly acquit and discharge the said Eben 1 ' Whittier and J no 
Langdon jun their assigns forever and by these presents have 
granted bargain' d and sold unto the said Eben 1 " Whittier and 
Jn° Langdon jun 1 their assigns the whole of y e Hull of y e 
Sloop called y e Nancy of y e Burthen of Eighty tons or there- 
abouts now lying at pinkham's Cove in Boothbay with all 
and every part of y e tackle sail Masts Anchors Ropes ( lords 
and furniture with appurtenances to her belonging to their 
own propper use and as their propper goods for even and to 
have and to hold y e same as such — And y e said James Car- 
gill doth covenant with y e said Eben 1 ' Whittier and .In" 
Langdon jun their assigns that he hath now at y* time of 
sealing and delivering hereof full power and good right to 
grant Bargain and sell the whole of y e said sloop Nancy with 
all her appurtenances and that ye said Sloop now is and at 
all times shall and may remain \- continue to y e said Eben* 



424 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Whittier and Jn° Langdon jun their assigns to their propper 
Use free and Clear and that they shall for ever be left harm- 
less and indemnified from all manner of former and other 
gifts grants bargains and incumbrances whatsoever had made 
committed done or suffered by him the said James Cargill 
or any other person or persons claiming Right or propperty in 
the said Sloop Nancy Sign'd Seal'd and delivered this 
twentyeth day of September 1776 — 
in presence of 

William McCobb .Tames Cargill 

And w M c Farland 



Resolve on the Petition of Limerick. 

State of the Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Sep 1 20 th 1780 

on the Petition of the Inhabitants of a Plantation called 
Limerick Setting forth, that they are a New Plantation, and 
as yet have made but little improvements and few in number 
not exceeding twenty four famelies, att a Distance from Salt 
water, and in consequence thereof have no advantage from 
Lumber, Notwithstanding in a late tax they are charged 
with the sum of eleven hundred and twenty pounds, which 
they think themselves unable to pay, therefore pray that their 
burthen may be lightened, the Committy having attended the 
service beg leave to report by way of Resolve 

Resolved that the said inhabitants of the Plantation Lim- 
erick be remitted the one half of the Sum of eleven hundred 
and twenty pounds, Viz : five hundred and sixty pounds, the 
remaining half viz : five hundred and sixty pound, to be paid 
into the publick Treasury of this State Shall be held a suffi- 
cient discharge of the eleven hundred and twenty pounds. 



OF Tin; STATE OF MAINE t25 

Maj. Elmer to Commander I ' Mass. Reg* in Favor Daniel 

Beekler. 

Camp Thomaston Sep r 21 81 L780 

This may Certify thai Daniel Heckler is a Soldier in Col 
Ynses Reg' in the ( "<»iit mental Service, and was enlisted by 
me he always I > i < 1 the Duty of A good Soldier whilesl lie 
was in the Reg 1 Inn Coming home on A Furlough and found 
that the town thai lie went in the Service lor. Neglected Said 
Beckler's family in thai Degree that they Sufl'erd greatly — 
which lie Says & I believe was the whole Reason of his nol 
joining his Reg' again- I would therefore Recommend him 
to the Commanding officer of the Reg', that he may have the 
heneiii of Proclamation Issued by the Gen 1 ( !our1 of this Stale 
Some time Last Spring Respecting Continental Deserters 

J. M. Elmer Maf Comd 1 
To the Commanding officer of 1 st Alassaehu tts Reg 1 



Letter of Elbridge Gerry to Congress. 

Boston 21 st Sept 1780 
Gentlemen 

In my Letter to the General Assembly of the 14 th Instant, 
I proposed to make to the Committee who should consider it, 
some Communications, Respecting the Requisitions of 
(nngress of y e present Year for Men & Supplies, & shall 
now submit them to your Consideration. 

By the Journals of Congress y 1 ' l) !h of Feb 5 ' last, it will 
appear, that they required of this State 6070 Alen as its 
quota el' 35,21] railed for from y e Several States. When 
the Requisition was debated in Congress, they were in- 
formed, that by a late Return made to y e General Assembly, 
there were 343,876 white Inhabitants in this State & that 
Supposing y' united States to contain bin 2,400,000 such 



426 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Inhabitants, the State of Massachusetts should be called on 
for 5045 instead of 6070 Men as its quota of the 35,211 
required for the present Campaign. It was also represented, 
that if the Inhabitants of y e United States were supposed to 
exceed 2,400,000, the quota of Massachusetts would be pro- 
portionately less; & if the whole dumber was stated as it 
was by Congress in y e Year 1775 at 3,000,000, & Massa- 
chusetts was supposed to contain 431,000 Inhabitants, its 
quota of y e Requisition aforesaid would be but 5.095. so that 
y e State was evidently called on for 975 Men more than its 
proportion (if adjusted by y e Estimate made by Congress 
in y e Year 1775) & for 1025 Men more than its quota, if 
computed on an authentic Return of its Inhabitants, »$: on y e 
most unfavourable Estimate (for y e State) that could be 
made of ye whole Number of White Inhabitants in y e United 
States.— the Apportionment in y e Requisition mentioned 
was however urged, because it corresponded with that of y e 
16 th of September 1776, & then was never supposed to be 
equitable, but was formerly objected to, & only admitted on 
ye presumption that the Men would inlist for y e Bounty then 
offered by Congress & be no Expence to y e State, indeed 
had those Bounties been sufficient to have filled y e Batalions, 
the State at that Time in raising more than its proportion 
of Men must have incurred an Expence by increasing y e 
Rates of Labour, & thus have paid a considerable Tax ; 
but as y e State also found it indispensibly necessary to give 
an additional Bounty for raising these Men, it is evident, that 
y e Amount thereof as far as it respects y e Surplusage of y e 
Men so raised, if not reimbursed, will be a heavy & unjust 
Expence on y e State, a Motion was therefore made on y e 
4 th of Feby last to strike out ye quota assigned to Massa- 
chusetts Viz* 6070 in order to reduce y e same, & ye Motion 
was negatived as will appear by ye Journals of that Date. 
Seeing then that this Number would be required of y e State, 



OF TDK STATE OF MAINE 1 _' , 

an addition was moved to v" Resolutions of y e 9 th of feby 
"thai no previous apportionment of Men required by 
"Congress of the several States for common Defence, lie 
"used as a precedent, or considered as an adjustment <>\ their 
respective quotas," bul this was declared to be "out of order," 
& ;i Motion for ye Yeas \- Xavs on y e Question of Order was 
also overruled in ye Manner mentioned in my Letter to the 
Hon 11 Assembly — Congress on ye 9 th of Feb y had "Resolved 
"That the reasonable Expence any State has incurred or 
"may incur by raising & having in y* continental Army more 
"than what shall hereafter appear to have been their just 
"proportion of ye Troops actually serving in ye said Army 
"from Time to Time, Shall be allowed to such States, & 
"equitably adjusted in a final Settlement of their Accounts 
"with ye united States." but notwithstanding this, the 
States which have been called on for less than their quotas of 
Men, may & undoubtedly will hereafter urge, that ye Xumber 
of Batalions required by ( ongress from Time to Time of y e 
Several States, was originally intended & ought to be used 
as a Rule for determining their respective proportions of 
Troops actually serving in ye Army ; & should this be ye 
Case, Massachusetts must pay ye Expence of raising & having 
in ye Army Troops for ye Year 1780, in ye proportion of 
liOTO to 35,211, which is evidently near 1/5 more than its 
quota, — ye Expence of each State in furnishing Troops 
previous to ye Depretiation of ye Currency, principally 
arose from y fl Increase of ye Rates of Labour & Bounties, as 
was before observed; but in Addition thereto, ye States are 
now to make good to their respective officers & soldiers ye 
Deficiency of ye continental Pay, & are thus responsible for 
nearly ye whole Amount thereof — Under such circum- 
stances is it not evident, that y" State exclusive of Gratuities 
& other Encouragements to its quota of Troops, is almost at 
ye whole Expence of raising vv. paying them, <k that every 



428 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Recruit, including his Bounty will infer an Expence on ye 
State of at least 150 Dollars in Specie, which on 1025 Men 
required more than its proportion amounts to 153,750 Dol- 
lars in Specie ? 

I shall only add on this Head, that ye great Extent of 
Sea Coast which ye State has to defend ; ye Difficulty it 
meets with in raising or otherwise procuring Grain for ye 
Subsistence of its Inhabitants; the Xumber of Men which 
it furnishes for ye iSTavy of ye united States; & ye present 
Invasion of ye Enemy at penobscot, are so many Arguments 
for reducing its quota still lower than 5045 Men; & that ye 
State whilst advancing so large a Sum for raising & paying 
more than its quota of Troops, is at least entitled to an Assur- 
ance that "no former Apportionment of Men required of ye 
"Several States shall be considered as an Adjustment of their 
"respective quotas, or hereafter be used as a precedent. 
When ye Report for specific Supplies was first debated in 
Congress, they referred it to a Committee consisting of a 
Member from each State, who having altered & adjusted ye 
Quotas, agreed to ascertain ye Specie prices by adding 50 
pcent to ye former prices of ye Articles respectively; never- 
theless a Majority of ye Committe rated ye former prices of 
Flower at 3 Dollars p hundred, & reported 4*4 Dollars to 
be ye present specie price of that Article. An objection 
was made in Congress to this part of the report, & Letters 
were produced from some of ye principal Merchants in 
Philadelphia to prove that ye former price of Flower had 
not been more than two Dollars & an half p hund d on an 
Average. A Member also from ye State of Pennsylvania 
who was a Merchant & then in Congress, deliverd in ye 
Current Prices for several Years previous to ye War, & 
made ye Average to be about 18/ Penny w l Currency p hun- 
dred, which is somewhat less than 2l/o Dollars, this being 
ascertained. It was urged that ye price of Flower should 



01 THE STATE OK MAIM'. 1l'!i 

be fixed at :; :: j Dollars according to ye Agreemenl of ye 
( lonunittee ; for as New Hamshire Massachusetts & Rhode 
tsland were to furnish Beef & foreign Articles ye latter of 
which would cost as much as would be allowed by Congress, 

greal Injustice would lie done to those States by raising 
Flower above '■'>'•> \ Dollars, even admitting Beef to be raised 
in proportion, since they could furnish very little if any of 
ye latter, more than their quota, it' for distance, Massa- 
chusetts be prepared to pay 2 13"' s of ye continental Tax, its 
just proportion of 103,302 barells of Flower & of 329,915 
hundred of Beef required by Congress, would be l.">,su:> 
barells of Flower & 50,756 hundred of Beef, & by putting 
Flower (<i \y.> Dollars p bund' 1 , Massachusetts will pay % 
of a Dollar extra p hundred, which in 15,892 barels of two 
hundred each is 23,838 Dollars in Specie. On ye other 
Hand ye former specie prices of grass fed beef was reported 
by the Committee to have been 3 2/3 Dollars p hundred; 
but supposing it ever as low as 3 1/3 Dollars & it will amount 
to 5 Dollars if increased in proportion to 41/2 Dollars for 
Flower: from whence it is evident, that as ye -Fust propor- 
tion of Beef to be furnished by this State is 50,756 hund 1 
& it was called on for only 5,244 hundred more than that 
quantity, all ye advantage to ye State of encreasing ye price 
of Beef above 50 p Cent is l 1 /^ Dollar p hundred, which on 
ye Surplus of 5,244 hund d amounts to 6555 Dollars in 
Specie: & that deducting this from ye 23,858 Dollars which 
ye State looses by raising Flower, there remains 17,283 
Dollars in Specie, which ye State will be unjustly taxed by 
this Maneuvre of raising Flower above 50 pc l even admitting 
Beef to have been raised in proportion. — notwithstanding 
this, the proposition for reducing ye price of Flower to '■'>'•'' j 
Dollars was disagreed to, & as ye next beel Measure it was 
moved that ye price might be enhanced to 41/5 Dollars 
which is 75 pe l but this was also rejected & ye price was 



430 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

fixed at 4l/> Dollars as may be seen in ye Journals of ye 
17 th feby last inclosed herewith. It was then moved that 
grass fed Beef should be raised in proportion to Flower, & 
fixed at 6 14 Dollars, which as was before observed, would 
be but a small Compensation for ye Loss of raising ye latter : 
but ye Motion was rejected & ye price fixed at 5% Dollars 
as may likewise be seen by ye Journals, so that in Fact sup- 
posing ye former specie price of Flower to have been 21/2 
Dollars & of Beef 3 1/3 Dollars p hund d , the State is un- 
justly taxed by ye Resolution of ye 25 th of Feby last, in 
ye single Article of Flower 21,216 Dollars in Specie — but 
there being a greater Objection to ye Rates of ye other 
Articles, a Motion was made to recommit ye Report (for ye 
purpose of adjusting ye prices in ye proportion agreed on by 
ye Convention held at Xew Haven in Jany 177S) k was 
objected to in Point of Order; in Consequence of which ye 
Yeas & Nays were required on ye question of Order, & sup- 
pressed in ye Manner Stated in my Letter to Congress of ye 
19 th of feby last, the real specie price of Flower, about 
that Time, may however appear by ye inclosed Copy of a 
Report of ye th of March last Xo 11, wherein Congress are 
informed by their Committee that they were offered 1500 
barells of Flower at £60 p hund d . which at the Exchange 
then current of 60 for 1 was 2 0/ paper Currency or 2 2/3 
Dollars p hund d but to put ye Matter beyond Doubt respect- 
ing the prices of this & other Articles, I inclose for ye 
perusal of ye Comitee, ye Commissary General's Certificate 
Xo 12 of the prices current on ye 11 th of April last, together 
with an Estimate conformable thereto, by which it will 
appear, that if ye Rates Stipulated by Congress in Feby 
last are admitted this State will be taxed for ye Supplies 
then required 155,326 2/13 Dollars in Specie, more than it 
would, by adjusting ye Articles according to ye real prices 
given by ye Commissary General. 



OE THE STATE OE MAIM", 431 

I have thus Gentlemen reduced my Sentiments fco writing, 
thai You may be better able to correcl such of ye principle 
& Calculations herewith submitted, as may appear to be 
erroneous — if they are right Yov will perceive that by ye 
Manner in which ye Requisitions for Men & Supplies for 
ye present Campaign have been conducted, this State will 

pay a Tax of 309,076 2 13 Dollars in Specie more than it- 
just proportion, Admitting ye several States to furnish ye 
Men & Supplies required in February last, & this State to 
pay 2/13°" of the publick Expense. That Tax may how- 
ever be increased or diminished according' to ye Variation 
of those principle-, hut will under any Circumstances he 
great, unless a Remedy is provided. 

Whilst I am on the Subject, I think it my Duty to si: 
to ye Committee, that no provision is yet made or Security 
given by Congress for ye Reimbursement of ye Money 
expended on ye penobscol Expedition; & that ye Interest oi 
the State requires a speedy adjustment thereof — 

1 have ye Honor to he Gentlemen with y° highest Esteem 

& Respect your very hum Scr 1 

E. Gerry 

Hon a Committee of ye Genera] Assembly Appointed to con- 
sider ve Business herein stated — 



Peleg Wadsworth to President of Council. 

New Castle 22 Sept. 1780 
Sir 

The Bearer Mr Stephen Hall is the Gen 1 to whom I am 
indebted for the essential Services he has voluntarily 
rendered me this Season as a Secretary And altho there has 
been no Establishment as yet made for a Secretary in this 
Department 1 hope your Honour will think tit to Consider 



432 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

M r Hall in that Office & to make him a Suitable Allowance. 
I beg leave also to recommend him as a Suitable Person to 
be appointed pay master to this Department, when there shall 
be any thing to pay. 

M r Hall waits on the Hon ble Board by my Special Desire 
to suggest & lay before them Sundry Matters relative to this 
service amongst which are the liberating two Vessels taken 
in the Enemys Service & agreable to the Military Line of 
Conduct where martial Law is in Force condem'd by a Court 
under my appointment, which however are attach'd & de- 
tained. The Service in this Quarter is more intimately con- 
cern'd in this than may at first be apprehended: Also the 
supplying the Troops in this Department with money or some 
necessaries without which they must suffer. He will also 
take your Honours Sentiments on the practicability of any- 
thing further than what has been attempted by increasing 
the Force in this Quarter. 

If the Force here is not increased he will mention the Ex- 
pediency of an Establishment for a body of Troops (after 
those already engag'd are discharg'd) absolutely necessary 
for the Defence & preservation of the eastern parts of this 
State, especially the County of Lincoln 

As he is intimately acquainted with the Service of the 
passing Campaign in this Quarter & of the Circum- 
stances of this part of the Country I would refer your 
Honour to him for any Particulars. And am with great 
respect Sir 

Your most humble & most obedient Servant 
Peleg Wadsworth B Gen 1 

Hon bI James Bowdoin Esq 1- 

President of Council Massachusetts 

In Council Sept 30 lh 1780 Bead & thereupon Ordered 
That Joseph Dorr Esq. with such as the Hon ble House shall 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 433 

join be a Committee to take into Consideration this Letter 
and to reporl what may be proper to be done thereon — 
Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery D. Secy 
In the House of Representatives Sept 30, 1780 
Read & Concurred and Capf Howes and 
Mr Dix arc join'd John Hancock Spkr. 



Petition Roger Hunniwell to Council. 

the Honourable house of Representatives i 

/ State of the 

To the Honourable the Council and r , ^ 

\ Massachusetts ±>ay 

in General Court Assembled 

The Petition of Roger Huniwill of Scarborough in the 
County of Cumberland Humbly Sheweth that your Peti- 
tioner has been favoured with a Pention of nine Pounds for 
a number of Years on account of the lose of one of his 
Arms at the reduction of Cape Briton A D 1745 and since 
the Present War your Petitioner has had a Son Constantly 
Engaged in the American Service so that I have had no 
benefit of him and by Reason of the great Price of the 
necessarys of Life in .Money and the lose of my Sons Labour 
Your Petitioner is much Straitned in Suporting his family 
and therefore Your Petitioner Prays that your Honours 
would further consider him and Do that which your Honours 
in your great Wisdom Shall See meet for which your Peti- 
tioner as in Duty bound Shall ever Pray 

Roger Hunewell 



Petition of Benjamin Trott. 

To their Honnors the Cunsell of the State of Massachusets 
There Cometh Greeting My Requst of your honners is to 

28 



434 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Grant Me Liberty from this Toun of falmouth in Casco Bay 
to Go in A Small Boat to Bagadoose to this Place my An- 
siant father that has Been thear for Severall years — under 
the Government of this State But ISTow under the Command 
of the Bittons and Wants to Be Relived from his Present 
Distress Please to Grant Me Leave to Go to Relieve My 
father in So Small a Craft as a Whale boat. Your Com- 
pyance Gentlemen of the Counsell will Very Much Oblidge 
a True Subject to America am your humble Serv 1 

Benj m Trott 
Boston Sept r 23. 1780 

The abovenamed Benjamin Trott is an Inhabitant of Fal- 
mouth and I have no reason to think he has any other design 
in the above request than that which he has mention'd 

Sam 1 Freeman 
State of Mass tts Bay 

Council Chamber Sep 1 23 d 1780 

Read & Ordered — That the Prayer of this Petition be 
granted and that Benj m Trott of Falmouth in Casco Bay be 
and hereby is permitted to proceed to Majorbaggaduce in a 
small Boat for the purpose of releiving the Distresses of his 

Parent 

Attest Jn° Avery D Secy 

Application of James Avery. 

To the Hon'ble Council Board of the State of Massachusetts 
Bay 

The Petition of James Avery Agent for Colo Allen Hum- 
bly Sheweth — 

That the Vessell bound to Machias in which the Priest and 
a Quantity of stores goes, is now ready to Sail, there being 
several Passengers on board, if they had Small Arms wou'd 
be able to defend themselves against any of the Enemys 



OF TIIK STATE OF MAINE 435 

Small Craft out of Bagaduce — therefore your Petitioner 
Humbly j>rays your Honors wou'd grant Him Small Arm- 
with Ammunition Conformable, which will be Sufficient for 
the above mentioned purpose — which Arms your petitioner 
will engage shall be delivered to the Commanding Officer at 
Machias for the Use of the Troops there who are in great 
want of them — and your petitioner as in Duty Bound will 

ever pray 

Ja 8 Avery 
Boston Sep r 23 d 1780 

h, Council Sep* 25* 1780 

Read and Ordered — That the Board of War be and they 
hereby are directed to deliver James Avery ten fire Arms 
with Ammunition Sufficient for the Defence of a Vessel 
bound to Machias on Board of which are several Passengers — 
Said Avery engaging upon the Arrival of Said Vessel at 
Machias to deliver Said Arms to the Commanding Officer 
for the Use of the Troops there — Said Arms & Ammunition 
to be charged to the Ace 1 of the United States 

Attest Jn° Avery D Secv 



Order to Apprehend. 

Hallowell Fort Weston 25 th Septem r 1780 
Sir 

You are Required to Apprehend Ephraim Ballard of 
Hallowell Tho s Town & William Gardner of Pitts Town, & 
Xath 1 Brown and Francis Ridley of Pownalborough, for 
Treasonable & Enimieal Conduct Against the United States 
of America. & to make Report of your Doings as soon as may 

be, I am — 

Sir Your Serv 1 

P. Wadsworth B : G 
Lieut. Joseph M c Lellan 



436 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Cumberland Ss Falmouth Septem r 18: 1782. 

This may Certifie all whom it may Concern that the above 
Written Orders are a True Coppy of the Original Orders 
given by Brig r General Wadsworth to Lieu* Joseph M c Lellan 
as shewn to me by s d M c Lellan & taken at his Request By me 

Richard Codman Jus c Peace 



Resolve in Favor Roger Hunniwell. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 
In the House of Representatives Sep* 25, 1780 

On the petition of Roger Hunniwell of Scarborough a 
Pensioner of this State, on Account of his losing one of his 
Arms in the Expedition against Louisbourg 1745. 

Resolved, That there be paid out of the Publick Treasury 
of this State the Sum of One Hun d pounds Currency to 
Roger Hunniwell of Scarborough in full to the 5 th of August 
1780 for his pension 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 



In Council Sep 1 25* 1780 
Read & Concurred 

John Avery 



Consented to — 
Jer: Powell 
W Spooner 
T Cushing 
J Fisher 
M Gill 



B Austin 
J Dorr 
D Davis 
T Danielson 
B White 



D Secy. 



Jn° Pitts 
J Simpson 
Sam 1 Baker 
Tho s Durfee 
Edw d Cutts 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 4:37 

Resolve of a Grant of £250 to James Cargill. 

The Committee on the Petition of Sundrie Person in 
favour of James Cargill have attended that service & having 
attentively heard the Parties & carefully considered all the 
Circumstances of that affair that has come to their knowl- 
edge, beg leave to Report the following Resolves, Viz — 

State of Massachusetts Bay 
In the House of Representatives 27 th Sep 1 1780 

Resolved that there be pay d out of the Public Treasury of 
this State to James Cargill the sum of Two Hundred & Fifty 
Pounds in the Xew bills of Credit or State Securities to that 
amount in full for his past good services 

And it is further Resolved that the service of an Execution 
on the estate of James Cargill by David Murry Dep y Sherif 
in favour of John Langdon & Ebenezer Whittier (which 
Execution was Suspended by an order of the General Court 
in June last untill the third Wednesday of the then next 
session of the General Court) be as Valid as it would have 
been had no such order ever been issued, the afforsaid Re- 
solve or order to the Contrary notwithstanding 

And it is further Resolved that there be allowed & pay d 
out of the Public Treasury of this State to John Langdon 
Thirty Five Pounds in the New bills of Credit or State 
Securities to that amount, as a full discharge of his Ex- 
pences & c in coming to & attending on this Court, in obedience 
to an order of the General Court in June last 
Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 

In Council Sep 1 27 th 1780 
Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Sec'y 



438 



DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 



Resolve in Favor Board of War &c. 



In the House of Representatives Sep 1- 28 1780 

Whereas it appears by the Representation of the board of 
War that they labor under great Difficulties for Want of 
Money to carry on the various Branches of Business in their 
Department and that the Sum of Eighteen thousand pounds 
new Money is necessary to enable them to execute the Pur- 
pous mentioned in their Representation — % Therefore Re- 
solved that there be paid out of the Treasury of this State 
the Sum of Ten Thousand pounds in the New Emission & 
the Council are hereby requested to issue their Warrant on 
the Treasurer in Favor of the Board of War for the aforesaid 
Sum — 

And it is farther resolved that the Hon ble Major part of 
the Council be Requested to give Brigadier Wadsworth such 
farther Orders as may be necessary for the Protection of the 
County of Lincoln — 

Sent up for Concurrence 
Warrant drawn this Day 

In Council Sep 1 29* 1780 

Read & Concurred 
Consented to — 

J Bowdoin T Daniel son E Brooks 

Jer : Powell ~N Cushing J Dorr 

Moses Gill Sam Niles Wm Whiting 

B White J Simpson Aaron Wood 

B Austin Edw d Cutts Jn° Pitts 



John Hancock Spk r 



John Avery D Secy 



Resolve Making Valid an Execution on the Estate of 
James Cargill. 



The Committee on the petition of John Langdon praying 
the Officers proceedings in the service of an Execution on 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE t39 

the Estate of James Cargill of Xewcastle, should be made 
as Valid aa it would have been, if an Order of this Court 
passed in June lasl for delaying the said Execution had not 
taken place — Beg leave to report by way of Resolve — 
State of Massachusetts Bay 
In the House of Representatives Sepf 29 1780 — 
Unsolved that the service of an Execution on the Estate 
of James Cargill of Xewcastle by David Murray Deputy 
Sheriff in favour of John Langdon & Ebenezer Whit tier of 
Pownalborough, which Execution was suspended by an Order 
of the General Court in June last, until the third Wednesday 
of the then next session of the General Court, be as Valid, 
as it would have been, had no such Order ever been Issued, 
the aforesaid Resolve or Order to the Contrary notwith- 
standing Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council Sep 1 29 l 1780 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Secy 
Consented to — 

J Bowdoin T. Danielson E Brooks 

Jere Powell N" Cushing J Dorr 

Mose Gill Sam Xiles Aaron Wood 

B White J Simpson A Fuller 

B Austin Edw d Cutts 

Win Whiting Jn° Pitts 

Resolve in Favor Joseph Bernard. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Sept 29, 1780. 

On the Petition of Joseph Bernard 

Resolved that there be paid out of the Public Treasury 
to Joseph Bernard the Sum of Five Pounds in the new 



440 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



currency in full for his Service in riding Express from Fal- 
mouth to Boston, as mentioned in his Petition 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council Sept 29 th 1780 
Read & Concurred 

John Averv 



Consented to 
J Bowdoin 
Jer: Powell 
Moses Gill 
B Austin 
N Gushing 



D Secy 
Warrant drawn this Day 



Sam 1 Niles 
J Simpson 
J Dorr 
Wm Whiting 
B. White 



T Danielson 
A Fuller 
Jn° Pitts 
Edw d Cutts 
Aaron Wood 



Memorial of Doct. Jos: Gardner. 



Sir. 



You will please Lay before the Hon Board the following- 
representation & queries That Andrew Wisacre & Phillip 
Audibert wounded at Penobscott were admited as out Patients 
State Hospital & were allowed to draw their rations for their 
Support, are now no Longer under My Care- — whether they 
shall continue to draw their rations or be put on the Pention 
List — That the Ship Protector returned from her Cruse 
perhaps the most sickly Vessell that ever came into this Port 
The Surgeon & his Mate Sick Scarce a man but what had a 
Fever in some Degree — The Hospital was full a Number 
of the Indigent attended out & had necessary from the Hos- 
pital as they came Home without money — 

A Number of Gentlemens Servants who Left their Masters 
returned home sick They Expect the Physicians Bill to be 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 441 

Charged to the State, Should be Glad of their hori 

Direction 

T am your hum 1 Ser 

Jos Gardner 
Mr Secretary Avery 

In Council Sep 1 30, 1780 
Read & Sent down. 

John Avery D Sec y . 



Report of the Committee of Both Houses. 

The Committee of both Houses appointed to Consider the 

Petition of George Williams & Jon a Peel, in behalfe of the 

Owners of the Ships Black Prince, & Hector, and also all 

others under Similar Circumstances, beg leave to report by 

way of Resolve 

Benj Austin p r order 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In Council Sepf 30, 1780 

Resolved that there be paid out of the Treasury of this 

State, to Cap 1 George Williams for himselfe & the rest of the 

Owners of the Ship Black Prince, One thousand pounds in 

the Bills of the new Emission. Also that there be paid to 

Cap 1 Jon a Peel for himselfe & the Owners of the Ship Hector. 

One thousand pounds in Bills of the New Emission ; in part 

of what is due to them from this State for the aforesaid 

Ships, which were left on the Penobscott Expedition, and 

the Council are accordingly requested to grant warrants on 

the Treasurer for the same And it is further Resolved thai 

the Board of War be & they are hereby directed to Settle 

with the said George Williams & Jon a Peel, and all others, 

who are Creditors of this State for Ships which were lost on 

the Penobscott Expedition, and the Severall Ballances which 

may be due on such Settlem'. to pay the same in such Xotes 



442 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



as the Treasurer by an Act of the General Court past the 3 d 
May last was then directed to Issue for the discharge of the 
demands of the Creditors of this State, on Acco* of the 
Penobscott Expedition, And it is further Resolved that the 
ISTotes w ch may be given to the Crediters aforesaid, shall be 
dated at the time the Contracts for such Vessells were Signed, 
any Act or Resolve of the Gen 1 Court to the Contrary not- 
withstanding. 
In Council Sept. 30 l 1780 

Read & Sent down 

John Avery D Secy 
In the House of Representatives Oct. 4, 1780 

Read & Accepted 

Sent up for Concurrence 



In Council Oc l 4\ 1780 
Read & Concurred 



Consented to 
Jer. Powell 
Moses Gill 
W m Whitny 
B. Austin 
B White 



I Fisher 
T Danielson 
Sam 1 Niles 
Jn° Pitts 
J Dorr 



John Hancock Spk r 



John Avery D Secy 

N Gushing 
J Stone 
E Brooks 
Aaron Wood 
Step D Choate 



Petition of Samuel Doggett & Co. 

i To the Hon 1 Senate & Hon 1 House 
State of Massa tts Bay ' of Representatives in Gen 1 Court 
( Assembled. — 
The Petition of Samuel Doggett & Company humbly 
Sheweth : — 

That he in Company was owner of the Sloop called the 
Pigeon of Eighty Tons burthen which was taken into Gov- 



OF THE STATE OF .\IA1.\K 443 

ernment Service by the Board of War of said State as a 
Transport for the Expidition to Penobscot the 8 th Day of 
July seventeen hundred & seventy nine and was chartered 

for Six pounds fifteen Shillings a Ton P r Month which was 
to be paid within three Months from the t i mo of her dis- 
charge, or being lost or taken That the said Sloop was de- 
stroyed at Penobscot, heing appraised before she sailed for 
four thousand four hundred pounds in the then current 
Money unfortunately for your Petitioner as the profits & 
Gaine of which was the only means whereby he could support 
& maintain his family he having for eighteen months past 
been in so bad a State of Health as to render him incapable 
of any Business, has been obliged to borrow Sums of Money 
to supply the wants of himself & Family & has no way or 
means to repay the same, but upon the Receipt of the above 
Money. — Your Petitioner being thus greatly distressed and 
not knowing by what means he can support his family during 
the ensuing Winter, unless your Honors would interpose for 
his relief — Humbly prays your honors to take this Matter 
into your wise Consideration, & pass such Order thereon as 
to your Honors may seem Just and wise. — 

And as in duty bound will ever pray 
Boston October 1780 Sam 1 Doggett 



Resolve in Favor John Langdon. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives Oct r 2 d 1780 

On the Petition of John Langdon, praying he may be al- 
lowed the Expense he has Incurred by attending the General 
Court, agreable to their order of y e 23 d June last — 

Resolved that there be allowed & paid out of the Treasury 
of this State to the s d John Langdon the Sum of Thirty five 



444 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



pounds in the ISTew Currency in full for his Expences A in 
attending the General Court agreable to their order afore- 
said 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council Oct r 2 d 1780 

Read & Concurred with an amendment at A 
at A insert and all other Charges — 

In the House of Representatives Oct r 2, 1780 



Read & Concurred 

Consented to — 
Jer: Powell 
Wm Whiting 
Jn° Pitts 
J Fisher 
Moses Gill 



B White 
B Austin 
T Danielson 
A Fuller 
Aaron Wood 



John Hancock Spkr 

Sam 1 J^iles 
E Brooks 
J Dorr 
Stepn Choate 
N Cushing 



Petition of the Inhabitants of the Town of Thomaston. 

October 1780 
To the Hon ble the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

The Petition of the Subscribers Inhabitants of the Town 
of Thomaston in the County of Lincoln Humbly Sheweth 

That your Petitioners loth to complain, loth to ask Relief, 
have endeavoured with Patience to bear the Burden (and as 
we apprehend much more than our Proportion, all Circum- 
stances considered) of the common Calamity of the War, in 
hope that through the good Hand of Providence in Time we 
might obtain Relief, but pressing Necessity now urgeth, and 
our Duty to your Honors, and ourselves urgeth that we make 
known the true State of our Circumstances and our Wants : 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 445 

Being one of the most eastern incorporated Towns in the 
Commonwealth. 

Our Circumstances are these, to wit. Our Settlements in 
general new, much younger than those in Camden (who have 
already had Supplies from the General Court) or the Settle- 
ments further east; there being hut three Farms in the Whole 
Town that have been settled above eighteen years, and but 
six others that have been settled above seven Years; con- 
squently our Improvements and Cultivations on the Land are 
but small 

"We have paid large Sums of Money in hiring Men to corn- 
pleat the Draughts that have been made from us for the 
Army ( which has drain'd us of Money) and these together 
with those that have voluntarily inlisted themselves, has so 
drained us of men that we have now not more than one to a 
Family left (a few Boys excepted) 

We are also constantly harrased by the Garrison & 
Squadron of the Enemy posted at .Vnjorbagaduce, we are 
obliged to be ever on the watch, often under Arms, and run 
on every Alarm, which takes up great part of our Time; 
and our Sea Coasts without, any material Protection, are 
constantly exposed to their Cruisers, who capture many of 
our small Craft sent out a fishing, and oblige others to fly to 
the Land for Safety, cuts very short our Supplies from that 
Quarter. And lastly, to add no more, 

We are taxed by the Hon ble the General Court much more 
than we are able to pay, and as we humbly apprehend 
(through the Hon ble Members not being acquainted with our 
Circumstances) much higher (if not altogether more) than 
our Proportion compared with the other Towns in the State, 
all Circumstances considered. 

Our Wants are the Necessaries of Life; and the Means of 
procuring them; Our Dependance for Supplies having been 



446 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

on our Lumber, Wood, Lime &c. which we shipped off, and 
procured Xecessaries from Boston and the other maritime 
Towns; the Scarsity and high Price of those Xecessaries 
now being so great, and the Xavigation so dangerous, that 
the Returns we procure, together with all we can possibly 
raise upon the Land, are scarse sufficient to support our in- 
digent and growing Families ; add to this the Losses already 
sustained in our fishing Craft, and in other Vessels loaded 
with Lumber &c, having been taken by the Enemy. 

And now our Case being thus, we see no Way that we can 
pay the heavy Taxes laid upon us; and fear unless we can 
obtain some Relief, many of us will be obliged to leave our 
Habitations (as some have already done) and seek Relief 
some where else, and this now growing Town, which with a 
little Indulgence may in time become a considerable Addition 
to the Commonwealth, will become dessolate, & our Improve- 
ments waste. 

We also understand that there has been a considerable Sum 
abated of the Taxes laid on the other Towns in this County, 
but we had no advantage therefrom. 

Wherefore your Petitioners humbly pray your Honours 
to take our Case under your wise, just and indulgent Con- 
sideration, & grant us an Abatement of the whole or such 
Part of the Taxes laid upon us as your Honours in your 
known Wisdom and Justice shall find proper and reasonable — 
And as in duty bound shall ever pray &c, 

Joseph Combs James Brown 

Hezekiah Bacthelder Jhos M c Lellan 

James Orbeton Oliver Robins 

Jonathan Orbeton Isaiah Tolman 

Jonathan Crokit Xath 1 Fales 

Oliver Robins Jun r David Watson 

Sam 1 Brown Oliver Smith 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 117 

John Bridges James Fales j im r 

Rieh d Kating Constant Rankin 

[srael Jordan Isaiah Tolman jun 

Israel Lovei 1 1 Robart Jameson 

Comfort Barrows William Thomson 

HughKillsa JohnRendel] 



Petition of Thomas Tolman. 

Boston Oct r — 2 d — 1780 
The Petition of Lieut. Thomas Tolman, humbly shewed i 
to the General Assembly of the Stale of .Massachusetts Bay, 
that on the ll" 1 of June last, he receiv'd Lieu 1 Colonel Sam" 
Safford's orders, at Lake George, to take the Papers which 
he had prepared (viz. a Memorial, Return, &c — for that 
part of Colonel Warner's Regim 1 , who belong to the State of 
Massachusetts Bay) and lay the same before the General 
Assembly of s d State ; And further, to pray the said General 
Assembly, to grant him a Consideration, of some ready 
Money, for the necessary Expences of his Journey; Urging 
the Necessity of the Prayer of his Petition, by informing 
the House, that the Business on which he came could not be 
longer delayed, nor could be effected without a Journey on 
purpose — Thai* the Expences of such a Journey upon the 
most frugal Plan, is now become extravagant — - That as he 
is not upon the Establishment of a recruiting Officer, in the 
present Case, but on separate Command to an individual 
State, it could not be charg'd to the United States with that 
Propriety, as though he had been a recruiting Officer; (or 
indeed should it be so charg'd, & after allowed, yel it would 
not help his present Xeeessity.) —That for him to bear it as 
an Individual, would be unreasonable (and as it has proved, 



448 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

impossible;) And that the reimbursing him on his Return, 
out of what he should receive for the Men, would be no less 
heavy for them to bear, on Account of their small Numbers 
(being only 13 present fit for Duty) than it would be unjust 
in the Nature of the Thing to take from the penurious 
Soldier, what is his just Due to receive free of Cost- — 
In pursuance of such Orders & Instructions from Col 
Safford Your Petitioner however disagreeable & precarious 
to himself) procured a Sum on Credit (which he thought 
might be sufficient, if he was not unreasonably detained) and 
accordingly pursued his Journey — On the 8 th of July he 
laid his Papers before the Hon bl Council of this State (it 
being in the Recess of the House) and was by them refered 
to the Meeting of the General Assembly, then to be August 
2 nd ; But by the several Prorougations, was adjourned until 
the sitting of the Present Session, by Reason of which he has 
been detain'd between 2 and 3 Months longer than he ex- 
pected, from his Regiment — His Money is necessarily 
expended — Accounts of his unavoidable Expences yet re- 
main unsettled ; and he entirely destitute of a Penny to bear 
his Expences back to his Regiment — 

In such a Necessitous Circumstance, he thought proper 
to lay a true State of the Matter before the Hon bl House; 
Praying that they will grant him some Relief — He informs 
the House, that the Sum requisite for the Discharge of his 
Accounts, while he has been detained here, would have been 
much larger, if he had not had Board, some part of the Time, 
upon the Generosity of particular Persons- — He apply'd to 
the Quar r Mas r for Forrage, but could obtain none. 

Your Petitioner would not have troubled the House with 
so long a Detail of particular Circumstances, but for the pur- 
pose of giving you a particular Idea of the Exigence he is 
now in — 



OF THE STATE OF MAIM. 149 

He concludes this his humble Memorial to the Hon bl * 
House, by earnestly repeating his Request; and assuring 
them, that what they may please to grant for his present 
Necessity, will be very thankfully reeeiv'd, & frugally ex 
pended, by their Most Obedient Humble Servant & Peti- 
tioner, as in Duty bound 

Tho 8 Tolman ; Lieu 1 & P. Mas r , Col Warner's Regim 1 
To the Hon We The General Assembly, of the State of Ma- 
Bay.— 



Petition of Ephraim Sheldon. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

To the Hon ble the Council & house of Representatives of said 
State in General Court Assembled 
The petition of Ephraim Sheldon of Woolwich in the 
County of Lincoln & state afores d — Humbly Shews — 
that your petitioner was taken in a small Shallop of his own 
property on the high seas, in the month of March, last past, 
by a vessel belonging to some of the subjects of the king of 
Great Britain & carried into Major Baggaduce & there de- 
tained by the enemy on board his s d Shallop the space of five 
days as a prisoner of war — | That the command of s d 
Shallop was given to one Adam Cogswell belonging to s d 
Baggaduce who proceeded on a cruize in the same, against 
the subjects of the United States of America & their property, 
with your petitioner on board under duress & took a prize, 
the property of some of the subjects of the United States of 
America. But s d Coggswell not having hands on board suffi- 
cient to man both vessels, he gave your petitioner his s' 1 
Shallop & dismissed him, who proceeded immediately in s d 
Shallop to Cape Ann, where he, upon suggestion of his having 
taken an active part with the enemy, was apprehended & 



29 



450 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

conveyed to Boston Goal where he has been confined for the 
space of near seven months & during the late session of the 
Superior Court of said State in s d Boston, but has had no 
trial, nor can have one till July next in the County of Cum- 
berland — 

That your petitioner has ample evidence to support his 
innocence in this whole transaction — and therefore pray 
your Hon rs to enquire into his distressing circumstances & 
situation & that he may be liberated or admitted to Bail & 

Shall ever Pray 

Ephraim Sheldon 



Resolve on the Petition of Henry Allyne. 

To the honorable the Council and House of Representatives 
in General Court Assembled 

The Petition of Henry Alline Clerk of the Proprietors of 
the Kennebeck Purchase from the late Colony of Xew Ply- 
mouth humbly sheweth 

That in the Division among the said Proprietors, of a Tract 
of Land on the West Side of Kennebeck River above Fort 
Halifax, there was reserved a number of lots intended for 
Sellers interspersed amoug larger lots granted to Proprietors ; 
that the said setling Lots are so far distant from each other, 
that people do not incline to settle upon them, which operates 
greatly to the detriment of the Said Grantees and the Public ; 
that it has been proposed to lay out a road across the said 
larger lots, and on said Road to lay out setling lots contiguous 
to each other, of the same number & quantity as the referred 
lots aforesaid, which are to become the Property of the said 
Grantees, in lieu of the lots to be laid out on the said road as 
aforesaid, which will leave to the said grantees the same 
quantity of land as is contained in the Grants to them re- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 451 

spectively, and make it more valuable. Your Petitioner 
therefore in behalf of the Proprietors of the Kenebeck Pur- 
chase humbly prays your Honours to enable tbem or their 
committee to lay out said road and lots thereon as aforesaid, 

mid to dispose of the same in lieu of the reserved lots above- 
mentioned. 

Henry Alline Prop" Cler 

In Council Oct' 4 l 1780 
- On the petition of Henry Alline Clerk of the Proprietors 
of the Kenebeck Purchase from the late Colony of New 
Plymouth 

Resolved that the Prayer of the said Petition be granted, 
and the Kenebeck Proprietors are hereby authorized and 
empowered to lay out or cause to be laid a Road and lots 
thereon within the Tract of land granted or to be granted by 
the said Proprietors to certain Persons of said Propriety and 
mentioned in said Petition : and to dispose of said lots in lieu 
of the reserved lots therein referred to: of which reserved 
lots, lying within any particular Grant, the same number 
shall be the property of the Grantee or his heirs as there shall 
be of lots laid out on said road within such Grant; anything 
contained in the Grants aforesaid to the contrary notwith- 
standing. 

Sent down for Concurrence 

John Avery T) Secy. 

In the House of Representatives Oct' 11 th 1780 

Read & concurred 

John Hancock Spk r 
( onsented to — 

Jere Rowel I T Danielson Aaron Wood 

J Fisher N dishing J Dorr 

Moses Gill A Fuller Win Whiting 

B Austin Sam Niles E Brooks 

B White Jn° Pitts Stepn Choate 



452 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Resolve Relating to Seacoast Guards. 

State of Massachusetts Bay- 
in the House of Representatives Oct 1- y e 4 th 1780 

Resolve for reduceing & regulateing the guards stationed 
at the Several Posts on the Sea Coasts. 

Whereas it appears that the keeping up so large a number 
of men as guards at the Several Posts on the sea coasts, is 
attended with a needless expence to the State Therefore 
Resolved that the men which have been raised (and are now 
doing Duty as Guards at the Several Posts on the Sea 
Coast) either by the resolves of the general Court or by 
order of the Hon ble Council — be so Discharged as that their 
be retained in the Pay of this State no more then is here- 
after exprest (viz) — 

at falmouth & Cape Elizabeth one serjeant one Corporal & 

twelve matrosses 
at the fort on Plum Island one Corporal & three matrosses 

at Glocester one Serjeant & six matrosses 

at Beaverly one Corporal & three matrosses 

at Salem one Corporal & Four matrosses 

at marblehead one Corporal & three matrosses 

at Dartmouth one Serjeant & Six matrosses 

at the gurnet one Serjeant & six matrosses 

at the forts on Dorchester heights one Serjeant & nine 

matrosses 
at Boston one Capten one Left two Serjeants two Corporals 

one Drum one fife & fourty Privets — and it is further 
Resolved that the Honourable the Council be and hereby 
are requested to give their orders for the Discharge of the 
officers and men not returned by the above Resolve 
Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



i:.:; 



In Council Oct b 4 th 1780 
Read & Concurred 

John A very 
Consented to — 
Jer: Powell 
T. Gushing 
Moses Gill 
B Austin 
T Danielson 



X Cushing 
B White 
S Eolten 

Sam Niles 
Jn° Pitts 



D Secy 



E Brooks 
J Dorr 
J Stone 
H Gardner 
A Fuller 



A Grant of £4°° to Lieut James Avery. 

State of Massachusetts Bay — 

In the House of Representatives October 4 1780 
Whereas Lieutenant James Avery, agent for Col John 
Allan Commanding Officer at Machias has represented to this 
Court that the Officers and Men at the Garrison at Machias 
afors d have not received any wages since the first day of June 
one thousand seven hundred and seventy nine and that both 
Officers and Men are suffering for want of the money due to 
them for wages as afors d — ^f Therefore Resolved that the 
Treasurer of this State be directed and he is hereby accord- 
ingly directed to pay to Lieutenant James Avery Agent for 
Col John Allan Commanding Officer of the Garrison at 
Machias the sum of four hundred pounds in money of the 
new comission for the acconmiodation of the Officers and 
Soldiers at Machias and in part pay of their wages untill the 
pay roll for said Garrison is finally settled. Col Allen to 
be accountable for the same — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk r 
In Council Oct' 4 1780 
Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Secy 



454 



DOCUMENTARY IIISTOEY 



In Council Oct r 4 1780 

Read again and the Board reconsider their vote of Non- 
concurrence passed this morning & Concur on the Vote of the 
Hon ble House — 



Consented to — 
Jer: Powell 
S Holten 
J Fisher 
B Austin 
H Gardner 
Warrant drawn 
this day 



A Fuller 
T Danielson 
Moses Gill 
Sam Niles 
B White 



John Avery D Secy. 

Jn° Pitts 
E Brooks 

J Stone 
Aaron Wood 
Stepn Choate 



Resolve Empowering the Justices of the Supreme Judicial 

Court. 

State of Mass a Bay 

In the House of Bepresentatives Oct 1- 4 th 1780 

On the Petition of Eph m Sheldon representing that he has 
been long confined in the Goal in Boston upon Suspicion of 
his having taken an active part with the Enemy at Major 
Baggaduce & that though innocent, he cannot have a Trial 
until the Session of the Superior Court of Judicature, Court 
of Assize & General Goal Delivery in the County of Cum- 
berland in July next & praying the interposition of this 
Court for his Belief 

Besolved That the prayer of said Petition be so far granted 
that the Justices of said Superior Court be empowered at 
their Session in any of the Counties within this State, to 
examine into the Circumstances of the said Ephraim Shel- 
don, the Causes of his Commitment with the Evidence against 
him and if on Examination they shall judge that he may be 



OF THE STATE OB MAINE 455 

admitted to bail with Safety to the State, thai they be 
empowered to admil the said Ephraim Sheldon to Bail- 
any Resolve, Order or Act of this Court to the contrary not- 

withstanding 

Sent up for ( incurrence 

John Hancock Spk* 
In Council Oct r 4 l 1780 
Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Secy 
Consented to — 

Jer: Powell T Danielson H Gardner 

S Hoi ten B Austin Aaron Wood 

J Fisher N Cushing Jn° Pitts 

B White Sam Niles E Brooks 

Moses Gill J Stone Step n Choate 



Letter from Step. Hall. 

The Subscriber humbly begs leave to represent to the 
Hon ble Court that from the necessity of the Case, at the 
speecial Desire of Brig 1 " Gen 1 Wadsworth he attends the 
Court to lay before them some matters of importance to the 
eastern parts of this State. 

Two Articles in a Letter from the Gen 1 which has been 
laid before the Court are of as much importance to be im- 
mediately attended to, as the Country between Kennebeck 
River & Majabigwaduce. One of which respects the Extent 
of power vested in the Gen 1 by an Act of the Court of 25 
.March last past, the other the supplying the Troops with 
some accessories. They are destitute both of money & neces- 
sary Cloathing, & cannot in the present cold season do their 
duty, unless relived from their present necessity. 



456 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Your Memorialist therefore prays that some attention may 

be given to those Articles, before the Rising of the present 

Sessions. 

Stephen Hall 
Boston, 4 Oct r 1780 

In Council Ocf 4 l 1780 
Read & sent down 

John Avery D Secy 



Direction to Board of War. 

In the House of Representatives Oct r 4 th 1780 

Resolved that the Board of War be and hereby are directed 

to deliver to Samuel Freeman or Order one Fire Arm & 

Bayonet for the use of Joseph Patterson in lieu of one he 

left in an Action at Penobscot — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

John Hancock Spk 1 " 
In Council Oct r 4 l 1780 

Read & Concurred 

John Avery D Sec'y 
Consented to — 

Jere Powell N Cushing 

J Fisher B White 

Moses Gill Sam Niles 

B. Austin Jn° Pitts 

T Danielson Aaron Wood 



E Brooks 
Step" Choate 
J Dorr 
Wm Whiting 



Order of Board of War. 

War Office Boston October 4, 1780 
Cap 4 Joseph Ingraham 

You being Master of the Lincoln Row Galley fitted out 
by order of Government for conveying the Rev d M r Williams 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 1 5 i 

& Comp y to Penobscot for the purpose of making observa- 
tions on the expected Eclipse of the Sun, it is our orders that 
you proceed accordingly to the beforementioned place or else 
where in the eastern parts of this State as you may be — 
directed by M r Williams whose orders you are to follow in 
every respect both out & home Navigating your Vessell 
excepted 

As you will go as a Flag you will be furnish'd by the 
Hon'ble Council with the documents necessary for that pur- 
pose — We wish you a good Voyage & are 

Your friends kc By Order of the Board 

S. P: S pres 1 

I Acknowledge the foregoing to be a true Copy of my 
Orders received from the Board of War, & promise to govern 
myself accordingly Jo" Ingraham 

Petition of Robert Calef. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

To the Hon bIe the Council of the State of Massachusetts Bay 

The Petition of Robert Calef of Boston a minor aged 19 
Years Humbly Sheweth That your Petitioner after your 
Honours had so far granted his Petition as to permit his 
Sister to return to this State from Penobscot applyed to the 
Rev d M r Williams Professor of the Mathematicks to take care 
of her to this place, but the Vessel being so small that there 
can be no Convenience for the Girl to come 

Your Petitioner therefore humbly prays your Honors In- 
dulgence that he may be permitted to go to Penobscot in the 
Cartel and to return by the first Convenient Opportunity 
with his Sister under any Limitations & Restrictions your 
Hon" may think fit. 

And as in Duty Bound will ever pray 

Rob 1 Calef 



458 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Council Chamber Oct r 6\ 1780 

Read & Ordered that the Prayer of this Petition be granted 
and this Eobert Calef be and hereby is permitted to go to 
Penobscot With Liberty to return by the first convenient 
Opportunity with his Sister to this State & to take passage 
on Board the Cartel now in the Harbour of Boston bound to 
Penobscot for this Purpose — And the Comissary of 
Prisoners is hereby directed to inspect all Letters & Papers 
he may carry with him — 

Attest John Avery D Secy 



Petition of Eliz a Holyoke. 

The Honorable Council of Massachusetts State 

Boston October 7 th 1780 

The petition of Elizabeth Holyoke Humbly sheweth — that 
she was a Native of this Town — but previous to the Com- 
mencing of Hostilities her husband & family moved to 
Penobscot — where they now are — She sometime since 
Obtain'd Liberty to come up to Boston & see her friends — 
and now very Anxious to Return to her Husband and 4 young 
Children, having no other prospect of Conveyance then the 
present. — she Humbly begs your Honours to grant her per- 
mission to proceed in the Vessell w th Cap 1 Ingraham & the 
Gentlemen from y e Colledge (at her own Expence) who are 
now bound near her Habitation — 

And your petitioner shall ever pray — 

Elizabeth Holyoke 

X. B. the petitioner is fully known by Cap 1 Ingraham — 
& informs that 'tis intirely agreeable to M r Williams k the 
Other Gentlemen if Liberty can be granted her — 



OF '111 !. -TAI I. OF MAIM-. l.V.i 

State of Mass"" Bay 

Council Chamber Ocf !>' h LY80 

Read & Ordered — Thai the Prayer of this Petition be 
granted and thai Elizabeth Eolyoke I"- and hereby is per- 
mitted to lake Passage on I '» >;i i< 1 of the Klag ( 'oiinnaiided by 
('apt. [ngraham bound to Penobscol and she is directed not 
to carry any Letters or Papers that shall be detrimental to 
this or the United States of America 

Attest Jn° Avery D Secy. 

Gen 1 Wadsworth in re Eastern Department. 

The following particulars appear to me necessary to be 
done for the Good of the Service in the Eastern Department 
viz. 

That the Troops should be paid part of their Wages to 
enable them to procure Clothing &c necessary for their 
present Service, or at least Money for the Officers extra 
Rations & 200 pair Shoes & Stockings for the naked Soldiers 
to be deducted from their Wages. Should also be glad to 
know whether the Troops are on the Continental Establish- 
ment (or how they are to Come by their pay) & whether it 
be Continental or State, would recommend that a pay Mas- 
ter be appointed to the Dept. as the Expence will be very 
great if the Officers arc obliged to Attend themselves at this 
Distance 

That the Raising of a new Regiment for the Winter or 
insuing Year be soon undertaken by inlistment on a good 
Establishment, as a Discontinuance of Troops in that Quarter 
for the winter will be the probable if not certain Loss of the 
County of Lincoln. 

That the Quarter Masters Dept. may be furnished with 
Money to discharge their former Accounts & to keep the 
expiring Credit of the State alive, »S: that a Quartermaster 



460 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

may be appointed for the County of Lincoln, the former Q 
Master having resign'd 

That a further Notice be taken of the Penobscot Tribe by a 
Present, & if possible that a priest [blot] &c may be obtaind 
for them of the French Fleet at Newport. 

That Several Vessels taken from the Enemy & disposs'd 

of by my Order, which are now detained by a process in the 

Civil Courts, may be liberated & the Process cease. If I 

have not asked consistent witk the Power & Directions given 

me let me be punished by the Legment* Power of the State 

rather than be brot into Contempt by such a Procedure. 

The Hon bIe Council 

Peleg Wadsworth B. Gen 1 
Boston 7 October 1780 

* Note. Lawful. 



Order for Supplies for Eastern Department. 

State of Mass" 8 Bay 

Council Chamber Oct r 10* 1780 

Ordered — That the Board of War be and they hereby are 

directed to furnish Brig d General Wadsworth Commanding 

Officer at the Eastern part of this State with two hundred 

p r of Shoes & two hundred p r of Stockings for the Use of the 

Troops in that Department Said Stockings & Shoes to be 

Allowed out of the Wages of such Soldiers as shall receive 

the same — and said Brig d Wadsworth to be acc bIe Also to 

deliver Brig d Wadsworth twenty swivel Cartridges, twenty 

round of Shot for Ditto One Doz. of Flints, three Pound of 

Ball and three Dozen of Musket Cartridges for the Defence 

of the Vessel in her Voyage to the Eastern parts of this State 

he to be acc ble for the same — 

Attest Jn° Avery D Secy 



OF THE STATE OF MAIM'. 461 

Petition of Jon a Jackson. 

To the Honourable the Council of the State of Massachusetts 
Bay- 
The petition of Jonathan Jackson of Newburyport humbly 
sheweth — thai he has boon preparing a Ship to load with 
Masts or other Lumber to go from hence to one of the French 
[glands in the West Indies — which Masts are already en- 
gaged- — that understanding there is a Law in this State 
prohibitory to the Shipping of Masts, your Petitioner prays 
Permission for his Ship, called the Adventure, Hector Mc- 
Neil Commander, mounted with Sixteen Guns, navigated 
with Thirty Men or more, deemed a very good Sailer, to 
load in, or have liberty to depart from the Port of Casco 
Bay with Fifty or Sixty Masts of the Dimensions of twenty 
four inches or thereabouts, for the French West Indies, any 
law to the contrary notwithstanding — & your Petitioner as 
in duty bound shall pray 

Jon a Jackson 
Boston 11 th October 1780 



Order to Supply Eastern Indians. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber Octob r 11 th 1780 
Ordered that the Board of War be and they hereby are 
directed to supply each of the Six Indians of the Penobscot 
Tribe without loss of time with a Hatt, Shirt Indian Stock- 
ings a Blanket suitable for them and Six Flaps and Charge 
the Same to the A/ c of the United States 

Attest John Avery D Secy 



462 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Order for Supplies to Eastern Department. 

State of Mass" 6 Bay 

Council Chamber Oct r 12 l 1780 

Ordered — That Capt Amasa Davis & others a Committee 
appointed to forward Small Stores to the Army be and here- 
by are directed to furnish Brig d Gen 1 Wadsworth Command- 
ing Officer at the Eastern part of this State with two hun- 
dred p r of Shoes & two hundred p r of Stockings for the Use 
of the Troops in that Department Said Stockings & Shoes 
to be allowed out of the Wages of such Soldiers as shall receive 
the same and Said Brig d Wadsworth to be Acc ble for Said 
Articles — the Order of y e 10 th Instant to the Board of War 
for Said Articles notwithstanding 

Attest Jn° Avery D Secy 



Order Respecting Daniel Beckler. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

Council Chamber Boston Oct r 13 1780 
Whereas Daniel Beckler of Waldoburrough in The County 
of Lincoln a Deserter from Col Vosees Regiment in the 
Massachusetts Line, has voluntaryly resigned himself, and is 
ou his way to join his Company & Regiment in the Con- 
tinental Army and for many other weighty Reasons — 
Order d That the said Daniel Becker be and He hereby is 
recommended to the Pardon of His Excellency General 
Washington, The Time limited in his Excellences Proclama- 
tion being elapsed notwithstanding- — 

Attest Jn° Avery D Secy 

Falmouth Oct r 1780 
Sir. 

The Bearer Cap 1 Goodwin will deliver to your Honours 
Order Daniel Beckler of Waldoborough a Continental De- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 463 

Barter from Col 1 Yose" Reg 1 , & altho there can be no suffi- 
cient Reason for Desertion & especially for ao1 receiving the 
Benefit of the late Proclamation of Pardon yet the Circtim 
stances of hifi Family as expressed m the inclosed Certificate 
strongly urges me to interceed in his Behalf & to requesl 
that a Line of Recommendation may be given him for that 
Purpose. I am Sir your most obedienl & very humble Serv 1 

Peleg AYadsworth B G 



Order in Favor Jon a Jackson. 

State of Mass" 8 Bay 

Council Chamber Oct r 13 th 1780 

On the Petition of Jon n Jackson Esq r 

Read & Ordered, That the Prayer thereof be granted and 

that he be and hereby is permitted to load in, the Ship 

Adventure Hector M c Xeil Commander Sixty Masts of the 

Dimensions of twenty four Inches or thereabouts have 

Liberty to depart from the Port of Casco Bay for the W. 

Indies and the Naval Officer for Said Port is hereby directed 

to grant the Necessary Papers for the Clearance of Said 

Ship with the Masts Aforesaid on Board Any Act or Law 

of this State to the Contrary Notwithstanding 

Attest John Avery D Secy 



Phillip Audebert's Certificate. 

This Certifies that M r Philip Audebert was Wounded by 
a Musket t Ball in the Vertebra of the Loins which Prevents 
him from obtaining a Living by his Trade 

Jos Gardner 
Boston October 20 1780 



464 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter from Francis Shaw Jun r 

Liverpool 20 th October 1780 
S r 

On the other Side you have price current of Lumber at 
Gouldsborough (near Mount Desert) shou'd you or any of 
your friends at Bermuda have occaision for one or more 
Cargo's sorted you may Depend on having your Lumber of 
the Best Quality & with the Greatest Dispatch, Salt at 4/ p 
Bush 1 , Good Rum at 5/ p Gall n , Molasses at 2/6 Gall, will be 
accepted as pay, be pleased to observe, that should you want 
to load a Vessel with large Masts & Sparrs, I shall expect 
five or six Weeks Notice to prepare for her, but shou'd you 
want sorted Cargoes of small Masts & Sparrs not exceeding 
Twenty or 21 Inches I can deliver them on Demand, and 
will Engage to pay demarage for any Vessel you may come in, 
or send, that has not her Lumber as fast as She can take on 
board, after She arrives five working days, and will allow 
you five p Cent on the Amo 1 of the Masts & Sparrs for your 
Trouble in Contracting for Me, I am with Esteem, Sir Your 

Most Hum 1 Serv 1 

Fra : Shaw 2y 
Cap* Eph n Dean 

Essex Ss. May 8th, 1781 
This may certify that I have accurately compared the 
afore written Letter of Prices current of Lumber at Goulds- 
borough with the original & find them, literatim & verbatim, 
to be true Copies of the said Original — 

Attest 1 * Nic 1 Pike Just. Pac. 

To The respective Commanders of his Majestys Ships and 
Vessells at Boston 
A True Coppy from the Original 

Examin'd p 1 * Nath 1 Thwing Clerk 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 465 

Price current of Lumber at Gouldsborough 

Viz 1 Pine Boards & Plank 1 Inch l 1 /^ Inches 2 Inches in 
thickness f-5 5/at 60/ Halifax Currency p 1000 feet Inch 
Measure 

Sparrs from 4 to 10 Inches & as long as possible [• 6 d at 8 d 
p Inch 

Sparrs 10 to 14 Inches for Yards & Topmasts square at 
Butt. [-3/ at 3/6 p Inch 

Boombs 14 a* 16 Inches 55 to 75 feet long, square at 
Butt |-60 a 1 70/ p Boomb 

Oak & Rock Maple Keel pieces 8 ] 
ruches one Way & as wide the other [ 40/ p Ton of 40 feet 
as possible 30 to 40 feet long J 

Masts & Bowsprits 15 to 20 Inches 45 to 76 feet long hewed 
8 square \ 7/6 at 10/ p Inch 

Ditto 21 Inches in partners 63 at 80 feet long 12/6 a 1 15/ 
p Inch 

Ditto 22 Inches — 66 a* SO feet long— 17/6 a 1 20/ pinch 

Ditto 23 Inches— 70 a* 80 feet long — 22/6 a 1 25/ pinch 

Ditto 24 Inches — 72 a* 80 feet long — 27/6 a 1 30/ pinch 

The .Masts will be got longer than the above Dementions 

if possible, all to be hewed eight square, with one Bowsprit 

to three short Masts & one Bowsprit to each long or Sloop's 

Mast 

in i he House of Representatives May 15 th 1781 

Read & thereupon Ordered that this Letter be referred to 
his ExcelF the Governor & the hon. Council to take such 
measures thereon as may be most proper 

Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speaker 
In Senate May 15 th 1781 
Read & Concurred 

Jer: Powell Presi dt 



30 



466 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



APPENDIX 



Petition of Inhabitants of Eastern Maine. 

To the Honoured Governor Deputy Governor Magistrates 
and Deputies assembled in the Generall Court now 
sitting in Boston, this 18 Day of May 1672: 
The Petition of severall of the Inhabitants of the Easterne 

parts of New England 
viz : Kenebeck, Cape bonawagon Damaras Cove Shipseoate 
Pemaquid & Monhegen 
Humbly sheweth That whereas the providence of God 
hath stated our habitations into these parts wherein some- 
times past we have had some kind of Government settled 
amongst us: but for these severall years have not had any 
at all which is greatly to our prejudice and damage haveing 
no way [to] Right ourselves upon any account whatsoever: 
And have little hopes of obtaineing any to be helpfull to us 
for the good of our soules unlesse we have Government settled 
amongst us 

The Humble Request therefore of yo r Petitioners is that 
you will please so far to favour us as to take us under yo r 
Government and protection that we may all have the benifit 
of all those laws settled amongst yo r selves granted unto us 
which if this Honoured Court shall accept of and grant to 



NOTE. Copied by Mr. George S. Stuart from the Suffolk files, 
No. 1117. 

Mr. William Prescott Greenlaw, who furnished me with the 
above, referring to his genealogy of his ancestor, John Cox, previous- 
ly published, says: "If I had had a correct copy of the petition at 
that time, I think I should have been able to demonstrate that this 
Thomas (see petition) was the ancestor of the Dorchester and Port- 
land Coxes," 



OF TIIK STATE OF MAINE 



167 



us: We have desired our loveing friend Al r Richard Colla- 
tjotl to advise with this Honoured Court or Comitty which 
tliov ahall appoinl for that purpose and to act in our behalfe 
what lie Judged meet or convenient for us whereby yo r peti- 
tioners shall be ever engaged to pray &c. 



Richard Hamon 
Lawrence Denice 
Silvanus Davys 
John Gutch 
Thomas Bow [ne] 
Thomas Stephens 
W m Peckford 
John Parker 
Tho : Parker 
Thomas Cock 
Xnth Harris 

Roberl Gamon 

John Pride 
Edward Barton 
Eenry Walderne 

Steph:Woolfe 
Mathew Dyer 
Rich Seeth 
Nicholas Bond 

Tliomas Gardiner 
Jer : Hodsdon 
John ( ole 
JohnHinks 
A[lexander | Gold 
Jn c Browne 



Kenebeck. 

W m Baker 

Rob 1 Edmans 
David Crocker 
Ambros Honywell 
John Cock 
Nich Peterson 
Edw d Cole 
dames Cole 
Alex r ffrizell 
Jn° Layton 

Cape Bonawagon. 

Benj : Barton 
John Arthers 
A ron Beard 
Tho : Calton 
W m Dane 
Tho: Healse 
Gab r Skiner 
Rob 1 Baker 
Pemaquid. 

W m Phillips 
Tho : Harwood 
Tho : Elbridg 
Walter Phillips 
Jn° Taylor 



468 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Damoras Coave. 



Rich Honywell 
Jn° Allen 
Roger Seaward 
John Wrieford 
Elias Trick 
John Bedwell 
Rob* Parker 
Emanue" "Whitehauce 



Leonard Alber 
W m Lee 

Symon Newcombe 
Xieho Oband 
Rich ffriend 
Tho : Alger 
Edmund Robins 



W m Dyar 
Xath Draper 
Tho : Dwinthim 
Thomas Mercer 
W m Cole 
Sam Corbinson 
John White 
W m Collcott 

Jn° Palmer 
J n° Dollen 
Antho: Pedell 
Geo : Bickford 
Raynold Celle 
Jn° Dare 
Rich Worring 
Edw d Dary 
Th° ffluen 



Ships Cott. 

Christ Dyer 
John Dyer 
AV m James 
Ralph Andrews 
Thomas Gimpe 
Phill Bendall 
W m Loveren 

Monhegen. 

Richard Boon 
Rich Olivar 
Roger A V ills 
Hen: Stokes 
W m Sanders 
Rob 1 Whittell 
Abr: Lackrow 
Abell Hockbridg 
Peter Widger 

These were the names of the persons 
subscribers of the severall papers sent 
to Richard Collacot for y e Petition 
abovesaid 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE t69 

In answer to this Petition the Committee Understanding 
thai the lyne beinge drawne since the Pet 1 " 8 first made this 
Petition, it takes in the most pari or neere all the psons & 
Places abovementioned doe Judge the Courl may graunt the 
Petition *provided they pay all Publique Charges Equally 
with the rest of the Inhabitants in this Collony 
28 May 1672 

Edward Tyng 

George Corwin 
Humphry Davie 

The depnt 8 approve of the returne of the Comittec in 
answer to this pet soe farre as the proviso marked * o r 
hono rd magis tB consenting hereto 

William Torrey Cleric. 

The magis 18 Consent not heereto 

Edward Rawson Secrety. 



INDEX 



Abbot, , a deserter, 348. 

Lieut. Thomas, 185. 

Acadia, 62. 

Adams, Samuel, 12, 14, 19, 20, 2C, 
29, 31, 40, 44, 45, 47, 49, 51, 
53, 58, 65, 66, 67, 137, 138, 
139, 142, 144, 152, 161, 162, 
168, 184, 186, 187, 188, 194, 
L99, 206, 207, 213, 214, 216, 
218, 222, 225, 233, 249, 256, 
257, 258, 259, 275, 276. 

Albee I 

Alby, ' !• Lieut. John, 293, 294. 

Allbee, J 

Lieut. William, 5, 146, 176, 189, 
213, 214, 290, 291, 295, 296, 
298. 

Alber, Leonard, 468. 

Alexander, Sartell, 35, 36, 39. 

Alger, Thomas, 468. 

Algonlien, the, 306. 

Allan, Col. John, 4, 15, 16, 23, 24, 
25, 52, 54, 62, 70, 71, 72, 73, 
74, 76, 85, 100, 106, 107, 115, 
119, 121, 122, 123, 147, 163, 
165, 166, 167, 170, 171, 172, 
187, 189, 207, 208, 217, 265, 
269, 271, 278, 282, 284, 285, 
290, 291, 292, 293, 294, 295, 
300, 306, 307, 333, 334, 335, 
339, 345, 348, 354, 367, 376, 
377, 378, 379, 381, 389, 405, 
412, 417, 434, 435, 452. 

Allderdice, Capt. , 292. 

Allen, , widow, 312. 

Jon°., 468. 

Allen's Cove, 312. 

Allen's Marsh, 312. 

Alline, ) 

Allyne, ] Henry, 450, 451. 

Ambroise, see St. Aubin Am- 
broise. 

American Academy of Arts and 
Sciences, the, 394. 
Army, see Continental Army. 

Americans, the, 32, 284. 

American States, the, 139. 

Ames, Moses, 252. 

Anderson, John, 329. 



Andrews, Ralph, 468. 

Androscoggin River, 110, 391. 

Appleton, Nathaniel, 373, 

Archabald, ) 

Archibald, J I., 5. 
James, 165. 
S., 5. 
T., 5. 

Archer, John, 249, 383. 

Argyle's Regiment, 277. 

Armstrong, Jonathan, ill. 

Army, American, see Continental 
Army. 

Arthurs, John, 467. 

Arundell, 21, 376. 

Aspinwall, Col. , 140. 

Athearn, James, 231, 328. 

Audebert, ) 

Audibert, \ Philip, 219, 440, 463. 

Aukapaqul, on St. Johns River, 
306. 

Austin, B., 291, 294, 299, 303, 314, 
316, 318, 320, 328, 370, 390, 
396, 398, 404, 418, 420, 423, 
436, 439, 440, 442, 444, 4."1, 
453, 454, 455, 456. 
Benjamin, 343, 401, 441. 

Averell, Job, 1, 2. 

Avery family, the, 1, 2. 

James, 4, 34, 292, 293, 335, 348, 
376, 381, 389, 412, 434, 435, 
453. 
John, 2, 6, 8, 11, 12, 14, 19, 20, 
22, 23, 25, 26, 28, 29, 31, 34, 
35, 39, 40, 44, 45, 47, 48, 49, 
51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 58, 59, 
60, 62, 63, 66, 67, 73, 76, 85, 
88, 93, 98, 100, 107, 121, 123, 
126, 127, 128, 135, 137, 139, 
I III, 14M. 146, 147, 152, 161, 
162, 163, 167, 168, 179, 181, 
184, 186, 187, 188, 192, 198, 
199, 200, 201, 203, 207, 209, 
211, 214, 216, 218, 221, 222, 
225, 227, 228, 233, 235, 237, 
23s! 239, 242. 244, 249, 250, 
251, 252, 256, 257, 258, 260, 
261, 263, 265, 270, 271, 275, 
276, 278, 279. 284, 286, 291, 
293, 294, 299, 302, 303, 314, 
316, 320, 321, 325, 326, 327, 



<±72 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Avery, John, 
328, 333, 
365, 369, 
382, 383, 
396, 398, 
412, 414, 
422, 433, 
438, 439, 
453, 454, 
460, 461, 
Samuel, 1, 



continued. 

343, 344, 

371, 373, 

389, 390, 

402, 403, 

416, 417, 

434, 435, 

440, 441, 

455, 456, 

462, 463. 

2. 



348, 364, 

379, 381, 

393, 395, 

404, 405, 

418, 420, 

436, 437, 

442, 451, 

458, 459, 



Bacthelder, Hezekiah, 446. 
Bagadoose, ) 

Bagaduce, } see Magabigwaduce. 
Bailey, David, 421. 

Samuel, 323. 

see also Bayley. 
Bakeman, see Bakman. 
Baker, Micael, 329. 

Robert, 467. 

Samuel, 73, 138, 325, 326, 328, 
414, 418, 420, 436. 

William, 467. 
Bakman, ) Mrs. Christian, 159, 
Bakeman, 5 160, 180. 

John, 153, 154, 158, 159, 180, 
181. 

John, Jr., 158. 
Susanna, 154, 155, 156. 

Baldwin, Col. , 395. 

Ballard, Ephraim, 435. 
Banks off Newfoundland, 253. 

Barker, Mr. , messenger, 269. 

Barnstable County, 231, 315. 
Barrows, Comfort, 447. 
Barten, Robert, 249. 
Barton, Benjamin, 467. 

Edward, 467. 
Bass, Samuel, 320. 
Bay of Fundy, the, 347. 

Bayard, Lieut. Col. , 277, 

384. 
Bayard's Regiment, 384. 
Bayley, Capt. , 213. 

Benjamin, 341. 

Israel, 111. 

Samuel, 407. 

see also Bailey. 
Beard, Aron, 467. 
Beath, Capt. Joseph, 97. 
Beaver Pond, 421, 422. 
Beckford, William, 467. 
Beckler, Daniel, 425, 462. 
Bedwell, John, 468. 
Bell, David, 210. 
Bendall, Phil., 468. 



?°1 



316, 



Bennett, Robert, 329. 

Berkshire County, 231. 

Bermuda, 464. 

Bernard, Joseph, 108, 439. 

Berwick, 185. 

Beverly, 452. 

Bickford, Geo., 468. 

Biddeford, 374, 375, 376. 

Biese, Tomma, 16. 

Bishop, Halson, 157. 

Blaine, Col. Ephraim, 74. 

Blake, Ephraim, 159, 160. 

Blanchard, Oziar, 113, 181. 

Blue Hill Bay, 116. 

Blunt, Capt. John, 203, 329, 
415. 

Bond, Geo., 198. 
Nicholas, 467. 

Boof, Nathiel, 329. 

Boon, Richard, 468. 

Boothbay, 17, 18, 169, 186, 
318, 319, 320, 321, 322. 
Meeting House, 17. 
Pinkham's Cove, 423. 

Boston, 2, 5, 9, 22, 23, 24, 27, 29, 
35, 36, 38, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 
55, 64, 65, 67, 68, 69, 70, 72, 
77, 84, 94, 96, 98, 100, 108, 
121, 122, 124, 125, 126, 128, 
134, 135, 144, 145, 153, 162, 
168, 169, 170, 171, 172, 173, 
174, 175, 176, 177, 185, 189, 
190, 191, 192, 193, 203, 206, 

207, 211, 213, 215, 217, 218, 
226, 230, 235, 236, 237, 238, 
241, 243, 245, 246, 254, 258, 
260, 263, 270, 272, 273, 284, 
286, 287, 290, 294, 295, 300, 
302, 304, 305, 308, 313, 322, 
341, 348, 350, 356, 358, 359, 
361, 365, 366, 370, 371, 374, 
379, 389, 392, 397, 402, 403, 
405, 413, 414, 416, 417, 425, 
435, 443, 446, 447, 450, 452, 
456, 457, 458, 460, 461, 463, 
464, 466. 

Boston, Board of War, ) 5, 6, 7, 
War Office, J 12, 14, 

20, 22, 23, 24, 25, 35, 44, 46, 
47, 48, 49, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 
58, 65, 66, 74, 76, 77, 100, 107, 
115, 117, 119, 126, 128, 132, 
133, 147, 149, 153, 161, 165, 
166, 167, 168, 169, 172, 175, 
176, 177, 179, 185, 187, 188, 
189, 190, 192, 193, 198, 200, 

208, 209, 211, 213, 214, 217, 
225, 227, 235, 243, 244, 251, 
252, 253, 254, 255, 256, 257, 



INDEX 



473 



Boston, Board of War, continued. 
259, 261, 265, 269, 271, 272, 
274, 275, 278, 279, 282, 291, 
292, 293, 294, 306, 313, 333, 

345, 346, 347, 348, 349, 354, 
357, 373, 381, 392, 393, 
401, 404, 412, 414, 432, 
135, 138, 440, 441, 143, 454, 
456, 157, 460, 461, 462. 
Castle, The, 67. 
Castle Island, L34. 
Council Chamber, 15, 85, 89, 
92, 128, 164, L66, 170, 171, 
171, 179, 198, 208, 210, 211, 
262, 269, 278, 279, 344, 359, 
371, 373, 379, 380, 381, 382, 
38 :, 412, 417, 434, 458, 459, 
460, 461, 462, 463. 
County Court House, the, 210. 

al, 367, 450, 454. 
Harbor. 5, 27:;. 158. 
Navy Board, 27, 43, 44, 145, 

211. 215, 263, 264. 
Pension Office, 215, 260, 263, 
264, 330. 
Bow(— ), Thomas, 467. 
Bowdoin, J., 73, 303, 321, 328, 
370, 390, 396, 398, 404, 438, 
439, 440. 
James, 394, 395, 403, 432. 
Bowman, Jonas, 345. 
Jonathan, clerk, 296, 298, 309, 

407. 
Jonathan, judge, S8, 89. 
Boyer, Peter, 405. 
Bayon, Daniel, 329. 
Bracket, Jno., 421. 

Thomas, 324. 
Bradbury, Moses, 355. 
Theophilus, 421, 422. 
Bradford, Dr. Joseph, 99. 

Bragdon, Capt. , 370. 

Joshua, 178. 
Bragwaduce, see Magabigwaduce. 
Brewer, Col. Josiah, 27, 43, 288, 

331. 
Bridges, John, 447. 
Brier, Samuel, 18. 
Brinton, Thomas, 329. 

Thomas, 2nd, 329. 
Bristol, 212, 226, 230, 248, 278, 
324. 
County, 231. 
Britain, 33, 71, see also Great 

Britain. 
British, the, 1 16, 32, 33, 70, 
Britains, the, \ 87. L03, 105, 11". 
Britons, the, J 155, 159, 160, 164, 



British, the, continued. 

180, 283, 284, 306, 316, 338, 
339, 340, 347, 366, 368, 134, 
British court, the, 02. 
Fleets, the, 280, 354. 
King, the, 35, 96. 
Britons, .see British, the. 
Broad Bay, 153, 213, 301, 349. 

Brooks, Capt. , 127. 

E., 73, 291, 294, 299, 303, 320, 
321, 328, 390, 420, 423, 438, 
439, 442, 444, 451, 453, 454, 
1".", 456. 
Eleazer, 293. 
Brown, ) 

Browne, j Col. , 50. 

James, 446. 

Capt. James, 48. 

Jesse, 1. 

John, of the Board of War, 57, 

254, 356. 
John, prisoner of War, 329. 
Jno., of Pemaquid, 467. 
Nathaniel, 435. 
Samuel, of Boothbay, 169, 170, 

186, 187. 

Samuel, of Thomaston, 446. 

Bruce, Col. , 277. 

Brunswick, 275. 

Bunker Hill Alarm, the, 278. 

Burk, \ Rev. , a priest, 

Burke, ] 284, 292, 336, 339, 345, 
346, 347. 

Thomas, 196, 197, 198. 
Burnam, } Girdian, 95, 191, 
Burnham, ) 192, 279. 

C 

Calchorn, , 153. 

Calef, Robert, 396, 397, 457, 458. 
Sarah, 396, 397, 457, 458. 

Calf, Mr. , 160. 

Calton, the, 467. 

Cambridge University, at, see 
Harvard College. 

Cambden, ) 12, 13, 24, 54, 55, 

Camden, ( 69, 87, 92, 109, 123, 
131, 142, 143, 144, 149, 166, 
179, 183, 192, 193, 203, 205, 
251, 255, 272, 273, 279, 2S0, 
313, 345, 353, 355, 356, 357, 
358, 361, 362, 371, 372, 393. 
Clam Cove, 331, 332. 
Port of, 55. 

Campbell, Col. Alexander, 28, 36, 
38, 40, 42, 43. 11. 70. 72. 74. 
75, 91, 107, 162, 163, 171. 172. 

187, 188, 189, 207, 246, 247, 



474 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



224, 



278, 



Campbell, Col. Alexander, cont'd. 

266, 270, 271, 276, 284, 285, 

290, 291, 293, 294, 295, 336, 

345, 354. 
Lieut.-Col. John, of the British 

Army, 280, 384. 
Canada, 4, 61, 102, 239, 253, 267, 

306. 
Canadian Indians, 4, 61, 204. 
Canadians, 16, 204, 267. 
Canso Petit de Great Regiment, 

Le, 277. 
Cape Ann, 5, 393, 449. 
Cape Bonawagon, 466, 467. 
Cape Breton Expedition, 433, 

436. 
Cape Elizabeth, 16, 17, 98, 136, 

137, 141, 142, 185, 189, 203, 

240, 250, 251, 452. 
Committee of Safety, 137. 
Port of, 136. 
Cape Prozua, 153, 157. 
Cape Race, 253, 351. 
CapeRozier, ) 212, 213, 
Cape Rozua, ) 226. 

see also St. Caperozua. 
Cape St. Mary, 351. 

Cargill, Col. , 308. 

James, 38, 39, 63, 65, 7' 

286, 287, 288, 296, 297, 298, 

308, 309, 325, 340, 344, 345, 

385, 403, 406, 407, 408, 409, 

412, 413, 414, 423, 424, 437, 

438, 439. 
Col. John, 164, 165. 
Cargill's Cove, 311. 
Creek, 311. 
Island, 311. 
Carlton, John, 10, 27, 30. 
Carnes, Thomas Jeners, 134. 
Carolina, 253. 
Casco, 246. 
Bay, 79, 93, 265, 301, 349, 387, 

434. 
Bay, Port of, 461, 463. 
Castle, the, see under Boston. 
Cathcart, Capt. John, 124, 304, 

319. 
Celle, Raymond, 468. 
Chadbourn, Benjamin, 290, 376. 

Joseph, 375. 
Champney, Capt. Caleb, 210. 
Chaplin, Resolve Making an Es- 
tablishment for a, 59. 
Chapman, Joseph, Jr., 5, 7, 46, 

333. 
Charleston, S. C, 281. 
Chase, Col. Thomas, 261, 285, 

313, 372. 



Chasey, James, 162, 163, 187, 188. 
Child, Thomas, 3, 4, 52, 422. 
Choate, S., 73, 314, 316, 320, 321, 
328. 
Stephen, 291, 294, 299, 370, 
393, 396, 398, 404, 418, 420, 
423, 442, 444, 451, 454, 455, 
456. 
Claire, see Cly. 

Clark, Capt. , 213. 

Dr. , 5. 

Abraham, 196, 19/. 
Samuel Hill, 375. 

Cleves, , steward, 227. 

Cline, see Cly. 

Clive, , 388. 

Cly, 1 

Claire, L George, 301, 302, 305, 

Cline, | 318. 

Joseph, 301, 302. 
rock, John, 467. 
Thomas, 466, 4G7. 
see also Cox. 
Cockran, Robert, Jr., 311. 
Codman, Richard, 128, 387, 389, 
390, 436. 

Coffin, Col. , 392, 403. 

Coggins, , 104. 

Coggswell, ] Capt. , a tory, 

Cogshell, { 103, 115. 

Adam, 301, 302, 305, 449. 
Cole, Edward, 467. 
James, 467. 
John, 467. 
William, 468. 
Collacott, Richard, 467, 468. 
Collcott, William, 468. 
Collins, John, 196, 197. 
Combs, Joseph, 446. 

see also Coombs. 
Concord, Mass., 34. 
Congress, Continental, see United 

States Congress. 

Connecticut, 95, 173, 196, 197, 359. 

Continental Army, 129, 177, 223, 

230, 232, 313, 314, 315, 332, 

335, 344, 359, 360, 365, 366, 

370, 373, 377, 425, 427, 445, 

459, 462. 

Congress, see United States 

Congress. 
Navy, 428. 
Navy Board, 43. 
Pensioners, 216. 
Soldiers, 185. 
Coombs, Anthony, 154, 155, 156, 

159, 160. 
Cooper, Samuel, 395. 
Corbinson, Sam., 468. 



INDEX 



475 



( '01 .sen, John, 159. 

Corwin, George, 469. 

Cox, family, the, 466. 
John, 466, -167. 
Thomas, 466, 467. 

I OXhall, 21, 289, 290, 374, 375, 376. 

t rabtree, Capt. Agreen, l, 103. 

(raits. Col. Thomas, 147, 214. 
lie, Hugh, 365. 

Cramwell's Reach, 312. 

Cranch, Mr. , 395. 

Crane, .Mr. , 403. 

Crocker, David, 467. 
James, 113, 124. 
Capt. Peleg, 38, 62, 63, 287, 297, 
322, 340, 341, 407. 

' Irokit, Jonathan, 446. 

Crosby, Capt. Nicholas, 56. 

Cross, Maj. , 152, 193, 200. 

( 'misers, see Vessels. 

Cumberland County, 3, 4, 5, 16, 
34, 44, 45, 50, 76, 108, 109, 
110, 120, 142, 148, 154, 155, 
156, 159, 160, 198, 202, 209, 
219, 220, 226, 231, 258, 262, 
270, 327, 328, 340, 341, 344, 
355. 362, 363, 364, 366, 367, 
370, 373, 382, 383, 407, 417, 
420, 433, 436, 450, 454. 

Cummings, ) 

Cumings, J Lemuel, 391, 395. 
Thomas, 249. 

('urrie, Maj. , 96. 

Curry, John, 405. 

Curtis, Capt. James, 154, 155, 
156, 159. 

dishing, Caleb, 12, 14, 19, 20, 26, 
28, 29, 31, 40, 44, 51, 52, 53, 

54, 55, 56, 58, 59, 60, 65, 66. 
67, 76, 138, 

Brig.-Gen. Charles, 24, 25, 88, 
92, 114, 115, 144, 190, 191, 
236, 244, 296, 298, 328, 358, 
366, 367, 384, 388, 407. 

J., 51, 52, 56. 

John, 111. 

N., 8, 19, 20, 22, 138, 139, 141, 
144, 147, 161, 168, 184, 186, 
187, 188, 207, 214, 216, 218, 
222, 233, 243, 244, 249, 251, 
256, 314, 316, 320, 321, 370, 
396, 398, 404, 418, 423, 438, 
439, 440, 442, 444, 451, 453, 
455, 456. 

N'nthan, 414. 

Roland, 288. 

T., 6, 8, 26, 29, 44, 49, 53, 54, 

55, 65, 67, 78, 138, 141, 144, 
147, 162, 201, 233, 238, 243, 



Cashing, T., continued. 

244, 249, 256, 257, 258, 259, 
299, 303, 314, 316, 320, 321, 
370, 390, 396, 398, 404, 436, 
453. 

Thomas, 35, 96, L26, 127, 276, 
395. 

William, 341, 
CuttS, E., 14, 19, 20, 138, 144, 
291, 294, 299. 

Edward, 12, 21, 100, 139, 141, 
147, 161, 162, 189, 231, 314, 
420, 436, 438, 439, 440. 

Edwin, 423. 

Jno., 291. 

1> 

Uamariscotta, 41.".. 
Damoras Cove, 466, 468. 
Dane, William, 467. 
Danielson, L., 6. 

T., 8, 22, 31, 45, 47, 49, 51, 52, 
53, 54, 55, 56, 58, 59, 60, 65, 

66, 67, 73, 76, 135, 138, 139, 
141, 144, 147, 161, 162, 168, 
214, 216, 218, 233, 238, 243, 
244, 249, 251, 256, 257, 258, 
259, 291, 294, 299, 303, 314, 
316, 370, 390, 396, 398, 404, 
418, 436, 438, 439, 440, 442, 
444, 451, 453, 454, 455, 456. 

Timothy, 275, 276, 333, 395. 
Dare, Jno., 468. 
Dartmouth, 452. 
Dary, Edward, 468. 
Davis, Maj. , 326, 414. 

Mr. , of Boston, 35. 

Mr. , of Dudley, 213, 235. 

Capt. Amasa, 462. 

Caleb, 219, 465. 

D., 22, 26, 28, 29, 31, 40, 44, 45, 
51, 52, 53, 55, 56, 58, 60, 66, 

67, 139, 144, 161, 162, 168, 
201, 225, 238, 243, 244, 251, 
258, 291, 294, 299, 303, 307, 
398, 404, 418, 420, 423, 436. 

Elias, 111. 
Humphrey, 469. 
James, 177. 
Joseph, 111. 
Joshua, 14, 48. 
Davys, Silvanus, 467. 

Dawes, Col. , 35, 137, 143, 

152, 395, 401. 
Deake, George, 17, 137. 
Dean, Ebenezer, 6. 
Capt. Ephraim, 464. 



476 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Dearing, ) 

Deering, J Nathaniel, 249, 382. 

Deer Islands, 223. 

De Lesdernier, Gideon, 4, 379, 
381, 417. 

Deming, John, 405. 

Denice, Lawrence, 467. 

Dennison, Abner, 113. 

Deserters, 318, 344, 365, 366, 370, 
380, 381, 425, 462, 463. 

Deven, Joseph, 375. 

Dewint, Maj. , 384. 

Dice, , 156. 

Dillingnam, Lemuel, 248. 

Dillowav, James, 329. 

Dix, Mr. , 403, 433. 

Doggett and Co., 442. 
Samuel, 273, 442, 443. 

Dole, Daniel, 128. 

Dollen, Jno., 468. 

Dorchester, 466. 
Heights, 452. 

Dorr, J., 436, 438, 439, 440, 442, 
444, 451, 453, 456. 
Joseph, 416, 432. 

Downer, ) Dr. Eliphalet, 105, 

Downing, \ 106, 154, 162. 

Downs, Phineas, 375. 

Draper, Nathaniel, 468. 

Drew, Zebulum, 375. 

Drinkwater, Capt. David, 176. 
Samuel, 175, 176. 

Duck-trap, Lincolnville, 164. 

Dudley, 213, 235. 

Dukes County, 231, 327, 328. 

Durant, Cornelius, 368. 

Durfee, Thomas, 6, 8, 12, 14, 19, 
20, 26, 28, 29, 31, 40, 44, 45, 
51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 58, 59, 
60, 65, 66, 67, 76, 88, 168, 184, 
186, 187, 188, 201, 218, 222, 
225, 227, 228, 233, 238, 243, 
244, 249, 251, 256, 257, 259, 
293, 314, 316, 320, 321, 328, 
370, 396, 398, 404, 414, 418, 
423, 436. 

Dwinthim, Tho., 468. 

Dyer, } 

Dyar, { Col. , 359. 

Christoper, 468. 

Capt. Henry, 1, 2, 105, 137. 

Humphrey, 375. 

John, 468. 

Mathew, 467. 

William, 468. 

E 

Eagle, Henry, 329. 
East River, 357. 



Eaton, Jacob, 212. 

Eclipse of the Sun, 247, 394, 395, 

402, 403, 404, 457. 
Edgenoggin Reach, 223. 
Edmans, Robert, 467. 
Edwards, J., 184, 216. 
Samuel, 147. 
T., 139, 141, 144, 161, 162, 168, 

186, 187, 188, 207, 214, 222, 

225. 
Elbridge, Tho., 467. 
Ellery, William, 196, 197. 
Elliot, Dr. William, 332. 

Ellit, , 157. 

Elmer, Maj. J. M., 425. 
Elsworth, Oliver, 196, 197. 
Elwell, Capt. Henry, 333, 382. 
Emerson, Edward, 18. 
England, 67, 253, 338, 347, 397. 

the King of, 339. 
Erskin, Christopher, 310, 311, 312. 
Essex Countv, 225, 231, 315, 323, 

340, 407, 464. 
Exeter, 239. 



i 



Fales, James, Jr., 447. 

Nathaniel, of Thomaston, 446. 

Capt. Nathaniel, messenger, 94, 

98, 300. 

Falmouth, 3, 5, 7, 76, 77, 82, 83, 

98, 108, 109, 110, 120, 127, 

128, 132, 137, 142, 143, 148, 

149, 152, 166, 168, 169, 179, 

185, 189, 190, 192, 198, 199, 

202, 203, 205, 224, 225, 236, 

237, 238, 243, 244, 245, 248, 

251, 260, 261, 262, 265, 270, 

272, 279, 280, 282, 299, 301, 

304, 305, 333, 342, 349, 356, 

361, 362, 363, 364, 367, 370, 

371, 372, 382, 383, 386, 387, 

389, 418, 420, 421, 434, 436, 

452, 462. 

Beaver Pond, 421, 422. 

Camp, 370. 

Committee of Safety, 99, 108, 

120. 
Head Quarters, 239, 273, 341, 

353, 355, 357, 358. 
Port of, 52, 371, 382, 383. 
Farland, Capt. William, 11. 
Farnsworth, Capt. James, 254. 
Farrington, Capt. Joshua, 210. 
Fassit, Henry, 324. 
Fell, John, 196, 197. 

Fernham, Capt. , 156. 

Feree, Lieut. , 5. 



fNDFX 



477 



I'Vcrow, John, 111. 
Fessenden, Mr. — — , 135. 
Ffluen, Tho., 468. 
Ffriend, Rich, 468. 
Ffrizell, Alex'., 467. 
Picket, Nathaniel, 421. 
Fisher, J., 6, 8, 12, 14, 26, 28, 29, 
31, 40, 44, 45, 51, 53, 54, 55, 
56, 58, 59, 60, 67, 76, 131, 111, 
I in, 168, 184, 186, 187, 188, 
L99, 207, 214, 216, 222, 233, 
238, 243, 244, 249, 291, 294, 
299, 303, 314, 316, 320, 390, 
418, 420, 423, 436, 442, 454, 
456. 
Jabez, 47, 211. 
Plagg, Richard, 161, 177. 
Flucker, Thomas, 78. 
Follet, John, 329. 
Folsom, Nathaniel, 196. 
Ford, Samuel, 11, 288. 
Timothy Topan, 407. 
Forts and Garrisons, 43, 86, 97, 
129, 152, 192, 204, 315, 338, 
347, 358. 
Forts at Beverly, 452. 
Boston, 452. 

Cape Elizabeth, 16, 17, 137, 452. 
Dartmouth, 452. 
Dorchester Heights, 452. 
Falmouth, 143, 260, 261, 262, 

274, 354, 372, 373, 452. 
Gloucester, 452. 
Gurnet, 452. 
Halifax, 276. 
Machias, 15, 70, 71, 72, 254, 

268, 290, 291, 4 5:?. 
Magabigwaduce, 91, 97, 106, 

L32, 154, 162, 403, 445. 
Marblehead, 452. 
Penobscot, 201, 221, 228, 242, 

276. 
Plum Island, 452. 
St. Johns River, 283. 
Salem, 452. 

Spring Point, 16, 17, 137. 
Fort Castle, 67. 
Cumberland, 277. 
George, 357, 384. 
Halifax, 114, 450. 
Penobscot, 276. 
Weston, 435. 
Fosdick, James, 249. 
Poster, Capt. John, 95. 
John, 249. 

Lieut. , 329. 

Robert, 5, 207. 

Postin, Capt. , 350. 

Fox Islands, 114, 145, 156, 223. 



France, 32, 80. 
the King of, 34, 254, 272, 337, 

338, 376, 378, 379, 416, 117. 
the .Minis'. -i- of, 275, 276, 346. 

Francis, Capl . , 348. 

Franklin, , 6. 

Capt, , 97. 

.Mr. , 283, 292, 346, 347. 

Frederic, P., French chaplain, 
378, 379, IK. 117, 134. 

Freeman, Col. , 152. 

Samuel, 34, 35, 238, 328, 364, 
156. 
French, the, 33, 284, 339, 340, 377. 
Ambassador, see France, min- 
ister of. 
Army, 360. 
Court, 62. 

Fleets, 280, 347, 460. 
\V< st Indies, 461, 463. 
Frenchman's Bay, 96, 103, 104, 

115, 116, 117, 119, 133. 
Friends, see Quakers. 
Frost, James, 251. 

Brig. John, 164, 300, 301. 
Capt. William, 333. 
Five, Joseph, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 
84. 
Joseph, Jr., 83. 
Fryeburg, 59, 60, 66, 78, 82, 84, 

252, 253. 
Fuller, A., 8, 12, 29, 31, 40, 44, 
51, 58, 60, 65, 67, 73, 76, 139, 
141, 144, 147, 161, 162, 1S4. 
L86, 188, 199, 201, 218, 222, 
225, 233, 238, 243, 244, 249, 
251, 256, 257, 258, 259, 291, 
294, 299, 303, 314, 316, 320, 
321, 328, 390, 420, 423, 439, 
440, 444, 451, 453, 454. 
A bra ham, 1 1. 
J., 168. 

Jonathan, 9, 10, 11, 27, 29, 30. 
S., 6, 27. 

Fullerton, Capt. , 367. 

John, 305. 

G 

Gammons, , a tory, 305, 308. 

Gamon, Robert, 467. 

Gardner, ) II.. 28, 29, 40, 44, 

Gardiner, ( 45, 51, 54, 59, 65, 66, 
L99, 201, 207, 21 l. 216, 218, 
222, 225, 238, 243, 244, 251, 
256. 257, 258, 259, 299, 303, 
316. 

Henry, 395, 453, 454, 455. 
J., 237. 



478 



DOCUMENTARY IIISTOEY 



Gardiner, continued. 
Joseph, sergeant, 215, 263. 
Dr. Joseph, 440, 441, 463. 
Capt. Nathaniel, 331, 384, 388. 
Dr. Sylvester, 237. 
Thomas, 467. 
William, 435. 
Gates, Gen. Horatio, 90. 
Gaudeloupe, 350. 
Gavin, Walter, 111. 
George III., 80. 
Georges, see St. Georges. 
Georgetown, 180, 278, 356. 

Gerrish, Col. , 401. 

Charles, 111. 
Gerry, Elbridge, 74, 146, 245, 276, 

425, 431. 
Gill, Capt. John, 210. 
M., 436. 

Moses, 6, 8, 12, 14, 138, 184, 
186, 188, 199, 201, 207, 214, 
216, 218, 222, 291, 294, 299, 
438, 439, 440, 442, 444, 451, 
453, 454, 455, 456. 
Gilman, David, 18. 
Gimpe, Thomas, 468. 
Gloucester, 452. 

Glover, Col. , 275. 

Gold, A ( ), 467. 

Goldsbury, .see Gouldsborough. 
Gooding, Capt. William, 225, 226, 
251. 

Goodman, Maj. , 369, 414. 

N., 6, 8, 12, 14, 19, 20, 28, 29, 
31, 40, 45, 51, 52, 54, 55, 56, 
58, 60, 66, 76, 139, 141, 144, 
161, 168, 214, 216, 218. 
Noah, 49, 162, 213. 

Goodwin, Capt. , messenger, 

462. 
Benjamin, 375. 
Capt. John, 185. 
Nathaniel, 375. 
Samuel, 111. 
Goose River, 165. 
Gordon, John, 375. 
Robert, 160. 
Zebulon, 375. 
Gorham, 77, 368. 

Mr. , 275. 

Mr. , of Lunenburgh, 48. 

Nathaniel, 299, 303. 
Stephen, 405. 
Gouldsborough, 1, 29, 96, 115, 
163, 164, 191, 192, 279, 464, 
465. 

Gove, Capt. , 13. 

Graffam, Caleb, 362, 363, 364, 
417, 418. 



Grand Banks, the, off Newfound- 
land, 253. 
Grant, Elijah, 11. 
Gray, John, 159. 

Capt. John, 112, 113, 124, 181, 
208, 209. 
Great Britain, 80, 86, 116, 117, 
170, 254, 384, 399. 

see also Britain. 

the king of, 96, 129, 225, 449. 

Greele, , drove cattle, 108. 

Greenlaw, William Prescott, 466. 
Greenleaf, Mr. , 135, 200. 

B., 8. 

M., 6. 

Joseph, 301, 302. 
Gregory, Capt. William, 12, 14. 

Mr. William, 69. 

Gridley, Maj. ■ , 260, 261, 262. 

Griffin, Cyrus, 196, 198. 

Grow, Edward, 177, 178. 

Gurden, Nathaniel, 375. 

Gurnet, 452. 

Gutch, John, 467. 

G , Mr. , 285. 

H 

Hacker, see Harker. 

Hale, Capt. , 13. 

Haley, Robert, 375. 
Halifax, 97, 98, 119, 120, 122, 141, 
204, 205, 229, 242, 250, 279, 
280, 300, 339, 347, 354, 386, 
387, 390. 
Bay, 276. 
Fort at, 276. 
Harbor, 276. 
Light House, 352. 
Hall, Capt. John, 28. 

Stephen, 62, 63, 193, 249, 287, 
297, 340, 341, 407, 431, 432, 
455, 456. 
Hallet, Capt. Allen, 136, 260. 

Col. Enoch, 231. 
Hallowell, Fort Weston, 435. 

Briggs, 237. 
Hambleton Regiment, the, 277. 
Hamden, Samuel, 11. 
Hamon, Richard, 467. 
Hampshire County, 231. 
Hancock, John, 6, 8, 11, 12, 14, 19, 
20, 22, 23, 25, 26, 28, 29, 31, 
35, 39, 40, 44, 45, 48, 50, 52, 
53, 54, 55, 56, 58, 59, 60, 62, 
65, 66, 67, 73, 76, 100, 108, 121, 
123, 126, 127, 135, 137, 138, 
139, 143, 147, 152, 168, 181, 
184, 186, 187, 188, 194, 199, 



iMir.x 



IT'.' 



I [anOOCk, John. < mitnnied. 

200, 201, 206, 207, 213, 214, 
216, 218, 219, 222, 225, 227, 
228, 233, 235, 238, 243, 244, 
249, 251, 256, 257, 258, 259, 
275, 291, 293, 294, 314, 316, 
320, 321, 325, 326, 328, 369, 
370, 389, 390, 393, 395, 396, 
397, 398, 401, 402, 403, 404, 
414, 416, 420, 422, 433, 436, 
437, 438, 439, 440, 442, 444, 
451, 452, 453, 455, 456. 
Hanson, Ichabod, 365. 
Harker, } 

Hacker, ( ("apt. Hoysted, 27, 43. 
Harper, ('apt. William, 77, 371. 
Harpswell, 19, L55, 156, L57, L59, 
Harris, Nathaniel, 467. 
Hartford, 95. 
Harvard College, 248, 458. 

160. 
Harriden, James, 288. 

Lieut. Col. Samuel, 164, 308. 
Hollis Professorship, 394, 402, 
404. 
Harwood, Thomas, 467. 
Haskell, Jacob, 355. 
Hatch family, tho, 1. 2. 
Mark, 1, 2. 

Hawley, .Mai. , 82, 84. 

Haws, Joseph, 6. 

Hazelam, , 103. 

Haelsp, Thomas, 467. 

Heath, Gen. , 378, 416. 

Herrdck, John, 391. 
Heywood, Amos, 177. 
Highland Regiment, the, 277. 
I links, John, 467. 
Hockbridg, Abell, 468. 
Hodge, Henry, 312. 
.Tno., 311. 

Capt. Robert, 310, Mil. 
Robert, Jr., 312. 

Hodgkins, , 103. 

Hodsdon, Jer., 467. 
Hoit, John, 111. 
Holden, 161, 177. 

Holmes, Maj. , 48. 

('apt. Alexander, 124. 125. 
Holton, S.. 116, L84, is:., L96, L97, 
L98, 221, 276, 453, 454, 455. 
Holyoke, Elizabeth, 458. 459. 
Honywell, Ambrose, 467. 

Richard, 468. 
I [ooper, George, 375. 
George, Jr., 375. 
Jeremiah, 329. 
Tristrum, 375. 
Hopkins, Maj. John, 250, 303. 



I lopping, Mary, 26. 

Richard, 
i tosmer, Joseph, 2::: 
Houston, William C, 1!'"'., 197. 
Howard, Col. - , 13. 

James, 288. 

Thomas, 329. 

Timothy, 329. 

Howes, ("apt. , 433. 

Hubbard, William, 262, 263. 
Hubbs, Obe, 323, 406, 107. 
Humphrey, Josiah, 1 1 '■'.. 
Hunniwell, Roger, 1.:::, 136. 
Hunt, Elijah, 231. 
Hunter, Henry, 324. 

II. nry, 2nd, 324. 
Huntington, Samuel, S, L96, L97, 

216. 
Hussey, Stephen, 231, 328. 
Hutchins, Israel, 231. 
Hutchinson, Col. , 50. 

T., 78. 
H. J., see Hancock, John. 

H— ley, Maj. , 82, 84. 

H— y, Mr. , 83. 



llsley, Daniel, 249. 

Enoch, 76. 77, 132, 133, 185. 

Indian Route, 8. 

Indians, 4, 9, 15, 16. 24. 25, 33, 
34, 60, 61. 71, 75, 101, 102, 
103, 104, 106, 107, 116, 118, 
119, 121, 122, 123, 148, 163, 
I I'd, 170, 204, 266, 267, 269, 
2S2, 283, 284, 285, 292, 293, 
294, 306, 307, 335, 339, 345, 
3 16, 347, 376, 378, 389, 403, 
112. 416, 417, 461. 
see also under tribal nam.ps. 
Canadian, 4, 61, 204. 
Eastern, 76, 283, 376, 116, 117. 

161. 
Western, 283. 

Ingraham, Capt. Joseph, 2°., 24, 
153, 219, 370, 371, 456, 1:7. 
158, 1^". 

[nstey, Tims.. 329. 

longue, Capt. - . 97. 

Ipswich, 301, 302, 323, 340, ("7. 

Ir. land. 80. 

Iuapiois, the. 119, 122. 

Isle 0!' Shoals, 305. 

Ivers, Thomas, 5. 



480 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Jackson, Jonathan, 461, 463. 

William, 329. 
Jacobs, Daniel, 348. 
Jamaica, 351. 
James, Capt. , 15. 

William, 468. 
Jameson, Robert, 447. 
Jennings, Levi, 210. 

Jepson, Mr. , 273. 

Joet, Capt. , 97. 

Johnson, , 103, 104, 116, 26S. 

Capt. , 53, 226, 227. 

E., 265. 

Eleazer, 273. 

Maj. James, 370. 

Capt. Robert, 176. 
Jones, Capt. , 384. 

n j 95_ 

Allen, 196, 197, 198. 

Ezekiel, 111. 

Moses Wadlin, 375. 

Col. Nathan, 103, 116, 117, 163, 
164, 191, 192, 279. 

Capt. Richard, 415. 

Stephen, 5. 

Col. William, 278, 324. 
Jordan, Israel, 447. 
Joseph, Sesch, 339. 

K 

Rating, Richard, 447. 
Keezer, Upper Pond, 80. 
Kellehorn, Mical, 329. 
Kennebec, 109, 280, 331, 355, 466, 
467. 

Proprietors, the, 450, 451. 

Purchase, the, 450, 451. 

River, 114, 221, 299, 358, 450, 
455. 
Kennedy, Samuel, 311. 
Kennedy's Marsh, 312. 
Killsa, Hugh, 447. 
Kimball, Lieut. Richard, 252, 253. 
Kingman, Capt. David, 231. 
King's Rangers, the, 272, 281, 

301, 316, 326, 384. 
Kinlock, Francis, 196, 197, 198. 
Kittery, 301, 380. 
Kneeland, John, 210. 
Kollock, Lemuel, 231. 



Lackrow, Abr., 468. 

Lake George, 447. 

Lambert, ) 

Lombard, J Mr. , 355, 356. 



Langdon, John, 38, 73, 287, 296, 
297, 298, 308, 309, 310, 313, 
325, 341, 345, 384, 386, 405, 
406, 409, 413, 414, 423, 424, 
437, 438, 439. 
Timothy, 165, 310, 322, 323. 

Layton, Jno., 467. 

Lebanon, 185. 

Lee, William, 468. 



Lewis, ] 
Lewes, \ Mr. 



-, 137. 
Asa, 168, 169. 
John, 19, 20, 76, 124, 132, 175, 
176, 185, 225, 231, 328. 

Lane, , 156. 

Lewiston, 391, 395, 396. 
Lime Islands, 349. 
Limerick, 424. 
Linch, Timothy, 329. 
Lincoln, Capt. Amos, 270. 

County, 2, 4, 9, 17, 18, 38, 69, 
73, 85, 86, 92, 93, 94, 109, 110, 
121, 131, 142, 143, 147, 148, 
151, 152, 165, 169, 171, 179, 
181, 191, 206, 212, 222, 226, 
231, 247, 256, 257, 264, 278, 
286, 296, 308, 309, 310, 316, 
322, 324, 327, 328, 333, 334, 
340, 344, 345, 366, 372, 384, 
385, 392, 393, 396, 405, 406, 
407, 423, 432, 438, 444, 449, 
459, 460, 462. 
Duck trap, 164. 
Linctonhove, ) Frederick, 301, 
Linginhoof, ] 305,318. 
Linkester, Jack, 329. 
Lisbon, 353. 

Lithgow, Mai. William, Jr., 3, 64, 
69, 144, 180, 181, 206, 255, 
288, 309. 

Little, Capt. , 273. 

Col. , 293. 

Mr. , 349. 

Capt. James, 310, 311, 312. 
Falls, 374, 375, 376. 
I.ittlefield, Capt. James, 24, 25, 

51, 52, 54. 
Liverpool, 264, 464. 

Loanear, , 204. 

Lock, Capt, Jonathan, 19, 20. 

London, 351. 

Long Island, 145, 164, 165, 223, 

308. 
Long, Capt. John, S6, 96, 156, 
160, 280. 

Longfellow, Mr. , of Machias, 

5. 
Capt. Samuel, 367, 369. 
Stephen, 367, 368, 369. 



INDEX 



481 



Loring, Israel, 210. 
Loui Neptune, Col., 292. 
Louisbourg Expedition, 433, 436. 

Regiment, 277. 
Loveitt, Israel, 447. 

Lovejoy, Capt. , 25, 48. 

Abiel, 247. 
Lovell, James, 74, 146, 196, 197, 

220, 221, 228, 276. 
Gen. Solomon, 8, 25, 28, 36, 44, 

154, 169, 175, 186, 193. 
Loveren, Wm., 468. 
Loyal Nova Scotians' Regiment, 

the, 277. 
Lucas, John, 145, 161, 174, 214, 

215, 216, 219, 230, 260, 262, 

263, 264, 330. 
Lunenburgh, 48. 
Luzerne, Lecke, de la, 277. 
Lydstone, Robby, 365, 370, 380. 
Lyman, Job, 412. 
Lynn, 226. 



M 

McClaira, ) 

MeLain, j William, 212, 226. 

McCloud, James, 329. 

McCobb, James, 288. 
Col. Samuel, 144, 308. 
William, 18, 88, 89, 288, 424. 

McFarland, Capt. , 235. 

Andrew, 424. 

McFarlane, Andrew, 247. 

McGoff, John, 136, 259, 260. 

McGrigery, Dumer, 329. 

McC rigor, Sergeant Duncan, 384. 

McGuire, Thomas, 88. 

McLallan, ) Capt. Arthur, 249, 

McLellan, 5 386. 

Capt. Joseph, 6, 7, 120, 249, 

435, 436, 446. 
William, 249. 

McNeil, Capt. Hector, 461, 463. 

Maccey, Lieut. , 160. 

Machias, 4, 15, 23, 24, 28, 36, 42, 
51, 52, 54, 60, 70, 76, 85, 100, 
103, 104, 106, 107, 115, 116, 
117, 121, 123, 133, 149, 163, 
165, 167, 172, 188, 189, 190, 
193, 198, 207, 211, 214, 217, 
236, 243, 251, 254, 255, 265, 
271, 272, 284, 285, 286, 290, 
L'!H, 292, 293, 294, 300, 331, 
333, 335, 338, 345, 350, 354, 
362, 367, 378, 379, 381, 416, 
434, 453. 
Garrison, 43. 



Machias, continued. 

Harbor, 43. 

Headquarters, 123, 335. 

Indians, 76. 

Parker's house, 100. 

River, 71, 350. 

Truck House, 267. 
Madawaska, 267. 

Maddox, Capt. , 97. 

Maderia, 352. 
Madison, James, 196, 198. 
Magabigwaduce, 8, 28, 36, 44, 62, 
70, 86, 91, 93, 97, 104, 106, 
107, 114, 116, 119, 122, 131, 

133, 154, 163, 169, 180, 182, 
191, 203, 204, 205, 210, 223, 
226, 236, 240, 241, 242, 263, 
280, 281, 282, 283, 299, 301, 
302, 329, 330, 331, 335, 354, 
357, 358, 366, 388, 392, 403, 
434, 435, 445, 449, 454, 455. 

River, 62, 272, 455. 

Mails, 237, 238, 245, 280. 

Maine, Province of, 62, 120. 

Maishead, James, 384. 

Majorbigwaduce, see Magabigwa- 
duce. 

Malcum, John, 157. 

Marat, Capt. , 103; 

see also Mowatt. 

Marblehead, 363, 364, 418, 452. 

Mariner, Moses, 111. 

Maritime Court, .see under Pownal- 
borough. 

Martial Law proclaimed, 333, 
334, 335. 

Martin, Thomas, 212, 226. 

Marvell, Samuel, 159. 

Marwitz, Hugh, 111. 

Maryland, 196. 

Masereau, see Mersereau. 

Massachusetts Bay, State of, 1, 
2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 9, 11, 12, 14, 15, 
16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 22, 24, 26, 
27, 28, 30, 34, 35, 36, 38, 39, 
40, 41, 42, 43, 45, 46, 47, 49, 
50, 51, 53, 57, 59, 62, 64, 65, 
66, 69, 70, 73, 74, 75, 76, 78, 
84, 85, 89, 92, 93, 98, 108, 110, 
111, 113, 120, 123, 125, 128, 

134, 136, 137, 140, 141, 146, 
147, 152, 161, 162, 164, 166. 
167, 169, 170, 171, 172, 174, 
176, 177, 179, 181, 183, 185, 
186, 187, 188, 189, 191, 194, 
195, 196, 197, 198, 201, 208, 
209, 210, 212, 213, 215. 216, 
217, 218, 219, 221, 225, 226, 



31 



482 



DOC MEN TAKY If ISTOKY 



Massachusetts Bay, continued. 
228, 235, 237, 245, 250, 252, 
255, 256, 259, 260, 262, 264, 
269, 270, 276, 277, 278, 279, 
286, 288, 291, 294, 295, 298, 
300, 301, 302, 304, 308, 314, 
315, 316, 319, 322, 324, 326, 
333, 340, 348, 355, 362, 363, 
367, 369, 370, 371, 372, 373, 
374, 378, 379, 380, 382, 383, 
384, 386, 387, 389, 391, 395, 
397, 398, 403, 409, 412, 416, 
417, 419, 420, 422, 424, 425, 
426, 427, 429, 432, 433, 434, 
436, 437, 439, 441, 442, 444, 
447, 449, 453, 454, 457, 458, 
459, 460, 461, 462, 463. 

Mast Ground, 80. 

Mathews, John, 196, 197, 198. 

Mawshawks, the, sec Mohawk In- 
dians. 

Mayberry, Richard, 365. 

Maryland, see Maryland. 

Mead, Israel, 174, 175. 

Mecmacks, sec Micmacs. 

Megoff, John, 136, 

see also McGoff, John. 

Mercer, Thomas, 468. 

Merimack Indians, the, 339. 

Merisheete Indians, the, 306, 
338. 

Merit, Daniel, 134. 

Mersereau, ) Col. Joshua, 301, 

Masereau, f 302, 303, 318. 

Micmacs, the, 267, 283, 306. 

Middlesex County, 231. 

Miller, Charles, 373, 379, 380. 

Millican, ] 

Milliken, [ Capt. Benjamin, 103, 

Mulliken, ) 104, 116, 268. 

Ministers, 148. 

Ministerial Lands, the, 418. 

Minot, James, 181, 183. 

Mitchell, Daniel, 176. 

Col. Jonathan, 45, 46, 49, 50, 
112, 124, 209, 210. 

Mohawk Indians, the 119, 122, 
204, 306. 

Molattoes, 148. 

Monhegan, 466, 468. 

Monk, Capt. , 97. 

Moore, Lieut. Ethan, 269, 372, 
373. 

Morcel, 307. 

Morehead, James, 329. 

Morgan, William, 105, 145, 161, 
162. 

Morisheete Indians, the, 306, 338. 

Merrill, Benjamin, 391. 



Morristown, Headquarters, 228. 
Morton, 74. 
Motherwell, Thos., 11. 
Mcuatt, see Mowatt. 
Moulton, Mrs. Abigail, 410. 

Jeremiah, 409, 410, 411, 412, 

419, 420. 
Joanna, 412. 
Joel, 412. 

Brig. Jotham, 410, 412, 419, 420. 
Jothara, 2d, 410, 411. 
Thomas, 410, 411, 419, 420. 
Mount Desert, 301, 353, 464. 
Mount Joys Neck, 274. 
Mountaineers, the, 306. 
Mousom River, 21, 289. 
Mowatt, David, 301. 

Capt. Henry, 97, 103, 115, 272, 

280, 302, 349. 
Capt. James Ryder, 97, 103, 
272, 281, 282, 301, 304, 305, 
316, 317, 366. 
Mowhauks, the, see Mohawk In- 
dians, the. 
Muhlenberg, Frederick A. C, 

196, 197. 
Mulliken, see Millican. 
Murray, David, 313, 344, 413, 437, 
439. 



N 



Nantasket, 350. 

Road, 178. 
Nantucket County, 231, 327, 328. 
Narragansus River, 43. 
Narragaugus, 115, 119, 133, 163. 
Naskeeg, 153. 
Nason, Joanna, 412. 

Samuel, 412. 
Navy Board Eastern Department 

see under Boston. 
Nebon, Monsieur, 6. 
Negroes, 148. 
Neguntacook, 223. 
Neptune, Col. Loui, 292. 
Neutrals, 223. 
New England, 9, 38, 78, 191, 308, 

340, 397, 466. 
New Gloucester, 305, 355. 
New Hampshire Grants, 184. 

Province and State of, 84, 121, 
196, 197, 200, 202, 429. 
New Haven, 430. 
New Jersey, 184, 196, 197. 
New London, 95. 
New Meadows, 148, 193. 
New Plymouth, 450, 451. 



I M.I X 



483 



New Fork City, 90, L99, 205, 229, 

242, 253, 277, ::i;s, :;sc. 

New York State, 196, L97, 359, 

369. 
Newbit, Ctwlstopher, 330. 

burvport, 7, 26, 245, 323, 461. 
Newcastle, 38, 73, 287, 296, 309, 
310, 311, 325, 344, 385, 407, 
423, 431, 139. 
Allen's Cove, 312. 
Allen's Marsh, 312. 
Burying Yard, 311. 
Carglll's Cove, 311. 
Cargill's Creek, 311. 
Carglll's Island, 311. 
( lounty Road, 311. 
Cramwell's Reach, 312. 
Kennedy 's .Marsh, 312. 
Patterson's Creek, 311, 312. 
Woodbridge's Narrows, 311. 
Woodbridge's Neck, 311. 
Newcombe, Symon, 468. 
Newell, John, 210. 
Newfoundland, 277, 329, 350. 

Grand Banks, 253. 
Newport, 360, 460. 
Nicholls, } 

Nickals, | Alexander, 212, 226. 
Niles, Aaron, 291. 
J., 291. 

Samuel, 6, 14, 19, 20, 26, 28, 
29, 138, 139, n 7, 161, 162, 
L68, 184, 186, L87, 188, 199, 
207, 214, 222, 225, 233, 238, 

243, 244, 249, 251, 256, 294, 
303, 314, 316, 321, 369, 370, 
390, 396, 398, 404, 418, 420, 
423, 438, 439, 440, 442, 444, 
151, 453, 454, 455, 456. 

Noonan, James, 1. 
North Carolina, 196, 197, 198. 
North, Joseph, 288, 392, 393. 
North Yarmouth, 20, 113, 12 1, 

168, 208, 210, 341, 355, 407. 
Nova Scotia, 5, 23, 24, 61, 120, 

242, 264, 265, 272, 277, 334, 

347, 379, 387, 390. 
Noyes, ) Capt. Joseph, 82, 83, 
Noyce, j 179, 200, 202, 203, 224, 

251, 252, 421. 
Josiah, 198, 199, 200. 
Col. Peter, 98, 100, 138, 139, 

141, 142, 189, 235, 248, 249. 



<> 



Oak Island, 21, 289. 
Oak Point, 104, 116. 
Oband, Nich°., 468. 



Oberton, Janies, 1 16. 

Jonathan, 446. 
OBrien, Capt. , 4. 

.Mr. , •".. 

Oisho-go-na-acs, the, 306. 
Olivar, Rich., 468. 
Orange Rangers, the, 277. 

Orne, Col. , 401. 

Osgood, .Maj. Samuel, 81, 137. 
Owls Head, 97, 223. 
Oxford, 414. 



Page, Capt. , 227. 

David, 252, 2:.::. 
Paine, Mr. , 48. 

Capt. Jonathan, 383. 

R. T., 73, 294, 299, 303, 314, 
321, 328, 390. 
Palmer, Jno., 468. 

Nathaniel, 212, 226, 230, 233, 
235, 248. 
Parker, John, 467. 

Robert, 468. 

Stephen, 100, 163, 187, 188, 283. 

Tho., 467. 

^Yilliam, 11. 

Parker's, , 35 1. 

Parkman, Capt. Ebenezer, 210. 
Parret, } 

Parrit, ) Thomas, 1, 2. 
Parsons, Isaac, 200. 

Timothy, 310, 311, 312,355,356. 
Partridge, George, 146, 185, 196, 

197, 220. 
Passamaquoddv, 96, 104, 267, 282, 
292, 293, 345, 447. 

Harbor Sateel, 306. 

Indian Camp, 292, 335. 

Indians, 4, 292. 

Lakes, 340, 377. 
Pattee, Ezekiel, 288. 
Patterson, Andrew, 113, 114, 221, 
222. 

Joseph, 456. 
Patterson's, Peter, Creek, 311, 

312. 
Paul, Pierre, interpreter, 32. 
Peabodv, Nathaniel, 196, 197. 

Oliver, 341. 
Pearsontown, 77. 
Pedell, Antho., 468. . 
Peele, Joua., ] 
Peele.Jona, Jr., \ 401, 441. 
Pemaquid, 466, 467. 
Pennsylvania, 196, L97, 428. 
Penny, John, 375. 



484 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Penobscot, 1, 2, 12, 13, 24, 28, 35, 

36, 39, 46, 47, 68, 70, 74, 87, 
90, 91, 94, 95, 96, 103, 106, 
109, 120, 124, 126, 127, 128, 
145, 154, 159, 172, 173, 175, 
177, 186, 201, 215, 221, 229, 
239, 241, 246, 247, 250, 262, 
263, 273, 276, 277, 278, 283, 
284, 287, 292, 304, 306, 316, 
320, 329, 335, 384, 394, 396, 
397, 399, 400, 402, 403, 404, 
428, 440, 443, 456, 457, 458, 
459. 

Bay, 159, 160, 182, 317, 402. 
Bay, Lime Islands, 349. 

Expedition, 12, 14, 15, 20, 22, 
26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 35, 36, 

37, 40, 41, 45, 46, 48, 49, 50, 
53, 57, 59, 64, 65, 69, 75, 89, 
90, 110, 112, 124, 125, 132, 
134, 135, 140, 145, 146, 159, 
161, 162, 169, 173, 174, 175, 
176, 183, 184, 185, 186, 194, 
195, 196, 197, 198, 215, 219, 

220, 221, 228, 229, 236, 239, 
244, 255, 259, 263, 278, 286, 
319, 320, 360, 400, 402, 441, 
442, 443. 

Indians, 204, 292, 306, 460, 461. 

Mast Ground, 90. 

Port of, 56. 

River, 21, 69, 75, 91, 109, 113, 
175, 204, 223, 329, 331, 357, 
358, 362, 398, 415. 

Sound, 203, 223, 358, 362. 

Township No. One, 35, 39. 

Upper Indian Town, 8, 9. 
Pensioners, Continental, 216. 
Perkins, Ebenezer, 214, 215, 216. 
Pernobscot, see Penobscot. 

Perry, , 158. 

, order on, 200. 

John, 177. 
Peterson, Nich., 467. 
Pettengill, Joseph, 80. 

Tabitha, 80. 
Pettingall, John, 301, 302. 
Philadelphia, 8, 74, 146, 184, 215, 

221, 228, 275, 428. 
Philips, ) 

Phillips, { Capt. Isaac, 322. 

Nathan, 154. 

Samuel, 81. 

Walter, 467. 

William, 467. 
Phipps, Capt. , 277. 

David, 9, 10, 27, 29. 

Pickering, Hon. Mr. , 25. 

Pierre, Paul, see Paul, Pierre. 



Pierre Tomrna.see Tomma, Pierre. 

Pigwacket, 78, 79, 80. 

Pike, Nicl., 464. 

Pinkham's Cove, 423. 

Pirkinse, , 156. 

Pitts, John, 6, 8, 12, 22, 25, 26, 
28, 40, 44, 45, 51, 52, 53, 54, 
55, 56, 58, 59, 60, 65, 66, 67, 
73, 76, 138, 139, 141, 144, 147, 
161, 168, 184, 186, 187, 188, 
194, 199, 201, 207, 211, 214, 
216, 218, 222, 225, 233, 237, 
238, 243, 244, 249, 251, 256, 
257, 258, 259, 291, 294, 299, 
328, 370, 390, 396, 398, 401, 
404, 418, 420, 423, 436, 438, 
440, 442, 444, 451, 453, 454, 
455, 456. 

Pittstown, 392, 393, 435. 

Plater, George, 196. 

Pleasant iuver, 105, 118, 119, 122. 

Plum Island, 452. 

Plymouth County, 231, 315, 340. 

Pomeroy, Capt. , 367. 

Ponobscot, see Penobscot. 

Pope, Col. , 100. 

Portland, 466. 

Portsmouth, 7, 237, 238, 245. 
Post Office, 245. 

Post Riders, 237, 238, 245, 280. 

Powell, Jeremiah, 16, 19, 20, 22, 
26, 28, 29, 31, 40, 44, 45, 51, 
52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 58, 59, 60, 
62, 65, 66, 67, 73, 76, 88, 93, 
100, 108, 119, 128, 138, 139, 
141, 144, 146, 147, 161, 162, 
168, 184, 186, 187, 188, 191, 
199, 201, 205, 207, 209, 214, 
216, 218, 219, 220, 225, 233, 
238, 239, 243, 244, 248, 249, 
251, 256, 257, 258, 259, 265, 
269, 275, 281, 284, 291, 293, 
294, 299, 303, 314, 316, 320, 
321, 326, 328, 343, 371, 390, 
395, 396, 398, 404, 418, 420, 
423, 436, 438, 439, 440, 442, 
444, 451, 453, 454, 455, 456, 
465. 

Pownalborough, 73, 88, 89, 91, 92, 
115, 165, 190, 264, 296, 308. 
309, 310, 323, 325, 345, 384, 
405, 406, 407, 413, 423, 435. 
East Parish, 92. 
East Precinct, 38, 63. 
Goal, 212, 226. 
Maritime Court, 38, 52, 63. 

Pratt, Capt. Joseph, 210. 
Meeting House, 92. 



INDEX 



i-:, 



Preble, Gen. , 275, 293, 369, 

392. 
Capt. John, 13, 267, 300, 345, 

■Ml. 
Jonathan, 11. 

Prescott, Capt. , 99. 

O., 14, 19, 20, 40, 44, 45, 51, 53, 

54, 55, 56, 59, 65, 147, 162, 

168, 186, 187, 188, 201, 222, 

238, 244, 249, 258, 259. 
Oliver, 31, 52, 58, 60, 66, 67, 76, 

141, 184, 233, 243, 251, 256. 
Prichard, Thomas, 302. 
Pride, John, 467. 
Prime, Col. Joseph, 178, 186, 274, 

301, 304, 332. 
Primer, John, 329. 
Prizes, see "Vessels. 
P. River, see Penobscot River. 
Proctor, Col. Edward, 210, 218. 

Prom, Col. , 370. 

Prospect Bay, 308. 

Q 

Quakers, ) 
Friends, ] 230, 248. 
Quebec, 119, 122, 230, 248. 
Fleet, the, 399. 

li 

Randel, Stephen, 111. 
Rankin, Constant, 447. 
Rawson, Mr. , 143. 

Edward, 469. 
Reed, Capt. , 127, 282, 305. 

Mr. , 281. 

Joseph, 316, 318, 326, 327. 

Rendall, Capt. , 34S. 

Rendell, John, 447. 
Revere, Paul, 49, 50, 67, 68, 85, 
134, 135, 140, 189, 210, 211, 
214, 218. 
Rhode Island, 90, 196, 197, 378, 
417, 429. 

Expedition, 8. 
Rice, Maj. John, 67. 

Thomas, 288. 
Richardson, { James, 255, 272, 
Richison, (285, 294, 372, 381, 
Ridley, Francis, 435. 
Roach, Jacob, 375. 
Robarts, Vinsen, 111. 
Robbins, } 
Robins, J Mr. , 6. 

Edmund, 468. 

E. H., 237. 

Oliver, 446. 

Oliver, Jr., 446. 

William, 111. 



Rogers, Col. , 97, 102, 119, 

120, 122. 

I'ilip, 329. 
Ross, Mrs. Barbara, 386, 387, 390. 

Capt. Thomas, 387, 389. 

Rowe, Mr. , 326. 

Royal Artillery, the, 384. 
Eto] al Vincibles, the, 277. 
Royalsborough, 110. 
Kul land, 303, 318. 

Barracks, 301. 



Saco River, 21, 289, 375. 
Sai'ford, Col. Samuel, 447, 448. 
St. Aubin, Ambroise, 306, 338. 
St. Caperozua, 213; 

see also Cape Rozier. 
Ht. Croix, Island of, 368. 

River, 62, 104. 
St. Eustatia, 351. 
St. Francois Indians, 4, 306. 
St. Georges, 13, 153, 155, 217, 279, 
317. 
Island, 114. 

River, 109, 203, 204, 332, 362, 
415. 
St. Johns, 32, 61, 96, 119, 122, 
267, 283, 284, 292, 306, 338, 
339, 345, 376. 
Head Harbor, 96. 
Indians, 4, 119, 122, 292, 336, 

339. 
River, 32, 119, 122, 2»3, 306, 

336, 3^8, 347, 377. 
River, Fort at, 283. 
River, Truck House, 283. 
St. Kitts, 351. 
St. Lawrence River, 399. 
Salem, 114, 225, 348, 354, 398, 
452. 
Goal Keeper at, 348. 
Saltonstal, Capt. Dudley, 145, 215, 

216. 
Samson, Simeon, 322. 
Sanders, Wm., 468. 
Sanford, 21, 289, 290. 
Savage, Samuel Phips, 7, 24, 153, 
190, 217, 247, 252, 349, 354, 
457. 
Sawyer, Benjamin, 319, 322. 
Scarborough, 433, 436. 
School Lands, the, 418. 
Schuyler, Gen. Philip, 196, 197. 
Scltuate, 340. 
Scollay, Benjamin, 351. 
Scott, John, 329. 

John Morin, 196, 197. 



480 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Seaccast Guards, the, 452. 
Searle, James, 196. 
Sears, Isaac, 172, 173. 
Seaward, Roger, 468. 
Seeth, Rich., 467. 
Sesch, Joseph, 339. 
Sever, W., 22, 139, 144, 147, 161, 
162, 16S. 
William, 62. 
Severford, W., 167. 
Severs, C. W., 3. 
Sewall, David, 412. 
Dummer, 231, 288, 308. 
Joseph, 313. 
Nicholas, 412. 
Samuel, 412. 

Sewel, ISIaj. , of Georgetown, 

278. 
Shaw, Allen, 323. 
Benjamin, 341. 

Col. and Maj. Francis, Jr., 96, 
103, 163, 164, 464. 
Sheepscot, 308, 466, 468. 
Falls, Cove, 311. 
River, 311. 
Sheldon, Ephraim, 449, 450, 454, 

455. 
Sherburn, 286. 
Sherman, Roger, 196, 197. 
Silvester, Thomas, 113. 

see also Sylvester. 
Simpkins, John, 23. 
Simpson, G., 45. 
I., 6. 

J., 8, 12, 14, 19, 20, 22, 26, 28, 
29, 31, 40, 51, 52, 5*, 54, 55, 
56, 58, 59, 60, 65, 66, 67, 73, 
76, 88, 138, 139, 141, 144, 147, 
161, 225, 233, 291, 294, 299, 
303, 316, 320, 321, 328, 370, 
390, 393, 396, 398, 404, 418, 
420, 423, 436, 438, 439, 440. 
Joseph, 25, 137, 393, 413. 
Skiner, Jab r ., 467. 

Small, ) 

Smalley, } Capt. Samuel, 157, 159. 

Smith, , of York, 348. 

Capt. , of Union River, 103. 

Abram, 329. 

Edward, 375. 

Jedediah, 375. 

John, 375. 

Moses, 177. 

Oliver, 446. 

Paschal Nelson, 172, 173. 

Roger, 164, 165. 

Samuel, 111. 

Capt. Stephen, 4, 354, 389. 



Smoull, ^ 

Smouse, } George, 301, 305, 318. 

Somes, Capt. John, of Cape Ann, 

5. 
South Carolina, 196, 197, 198. 
Spain, King of, 272. 
Speakman, Capt. Gilbert W., 6, 

46. 
Spear, Nathan, Jr., 217. 
Spencer, Dr. Arthur, 124, 125, 

126, 127. 
Spooner, W., 6, 8, 12, 14, 19, 20, 
26, 28, 29, 31, 40, 44, 45, 51, 
52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 58, 59, 60, 
65, 66, 67, 73, 76, 187, 188, 
189, 199, 201, 207, 214, 216, 
218, 225, 235, 238, 243, 244, 
303, 314, 316, 320, 321, 328, 
370, 396, 398, 404, 418, 420, 
423, 436. 
Walter, 47, 235. 
Spring Point, 16, 17, 137. 
Springfield, 359. 
Stanford, Thomas, 249. 
Starbird, John, 420, 421, 422. 
Stephens, Thomas, 467. 

Stevens, } Lieut. , messen- 

Steavens, ) ger, 329, 358, 359. 

Dr. Henry, 173. 
Stillman, Maj. George, 4, 25, 51, 

52, 54, 207, 217. 
Stokes, Hen., 468. 
Stone, J., 6, 8, 12, 14, 19, 20, 26, 
28, 29, 73, 162, 168, 187, 201, 
222, 225, 238, 243, 244, 251, 
314, 316, 320, 321, 328, 390, 
442, 453, 454, 455. 
Jcsiah, 161. 
Lieut. Nathaniel, 348. 
Storer, Woobury, 249. 
Strange, Capt. Richard, 351. 
Strong, C, 390. 

Caleb, 370, 396, 398, 404. 
Strout, George, 251. 

Joshua, 111. 
Stuart, George, 17, 137. 
George S., 466. 

Studholm, Maj. , 119, 122, 

336, 338, 345. 
Stutson, Capt. John, 210. 
Suffolk County, 96, 231, 302, 315, 
340. 
Files, 466. 
Sullivan, Capt. Daniel, 28, 37, 46, 

47. 
Sun, Eclipse of the, see Eclipse 

of the Sun. 
Swan Pond, 21, 289. 
Swett, Dr. John, surgeon, 286. 



INDEX 



•1-7 



Sylvester, David, 92, 310, 311, 312. 

William, 154, L55, L56, L59, 160. 

see also Silvester. 
S., S. P., 7; see Savage, Samuel 
Phlps. 



T 

Terry, Aron, 329. 
Thoing, see Thwing. 
Thomas, , 349. 

Thomas, 26. 

Waterman, 12, 54, 55, 56, 87, 
132, 144, 145, 153, 179, 247, 
2:.:,, 256, 2:>7, 258. 259, 313, 
361, 371, 372. 
Thomaston, 93, 94, 96, 114, 182, 
IN::, 203, 239, 241, 246, 247, 
275, 279, 341, 361, 362, 444. 

(amp, 425. 

Headquarters, 224, 279, 281, 
299, 304, 330, 334, 365, 414. 
Thompson, Cornelius, 157, 213, 
224, 225, 227. 

Joseph, 158, 329. 

William, 158. 
Thomson, Charles, 191, 195. 

Samuel, 177. 

William, 447. 
Thrasher, Lieut. Benjamin, l»i, 

17. 
Thwing, | Nathaniel, 29, 30, 296, 
Thoing, ) 298,328,345,407,464. 
Tinneg, see Tynan. 
Titcomb, Benjamin, 128, 249. 

Gen. Jonathan, 143, 152, 293. 
Titmanan, Island of, 353. 
Toad, Samuel, 355, 356. 
Tolman, Isaiah, 446. 

Isaiah, Jr., 447. 

Lieut. Thomas, 447, 449. 
Tomma, Biese, 16. 

Pierre, 32, 292, 306, 336, 339. 

son of, killed, 306. 
Tomson, see Thompson. 
Toothacher, Nathaniel, 156. 
Tories, 104, 115, 116, 204, 206, 

234, 241, 292, 305, 435. 
Torrey, William, 469. 
Town, Thomas, 435. 
Townsend, 281, 282, 304. 

Harbor, 316, 317, 326. 

Daniel, 375. 

Isaac, 375. 
Township No. One, 35, 39. 
Transports, sec Vessels. 
Trent, John, 249. 
Trevet, Capt. Richard, 51. 
Trick, Elias, 468. 



Trott, Brigadier, , :;' 2. 

Benjamin, 43 1. 

Lemuel, 1 1. 

Thomas, 365, 
Tudor, .Mr. , 18, i 10. 

William, 210. 
Tun II, Joseph, 227. 
Tynan, ) 

Tinneg, \ John, 2S6. 
Tvng, Edward, 

William, 199, 200. 

U 

er, Maj. Philip M., 3 

Union River, 103, 1 1'J, 223. 

United Colonies of America, 38. 

United States, 23, 25, 54, 60, 90, 
93, 101, 120, L23, 129, 130, 
i 31, 132, 142, 147, 170, 180. 
182, 184, 188, 194, 195, 1!>7, 
198, 201, 218, 221, 250, 254, 
274, 294, 302, 317, 324, 334, 
335, 351, 369, 376, 377, 379, 
380, 412, 417, 425, 426, 427, 
428, 435, 447, 449, 461. 

Unites States Congress, 8, 15, 22, 
35, 57, 58, 89, 90, 91, 129, 130, 
131, 132, 146, 155, 159, 170, 
171, 184, 185, 194, 195, 197, 
215, 221, 235, 238, 239, 244, 
246, 250, 254, 263, 272, 307, 
315, 337, 346, 356, 359, 360, 
376, 378, 425, 426, 427, 428, 
•129, 430, 431. 



Valens, ) 

Vallance, \ see Wallance. 

Valnais, Sieur , 376. 

Vernon, William, 27, 145, 215. 

Vessels, ] 2, 51, 61, 87, 95, 

Cruisers, I 97, 98, 99, 103, 

Transports, J 106, 109, 114, 115, 

117, 118, 121, 123, 137, 144, 

156, 159, 165, 166, 167, 168, 

17.",. 175, 17<;, 191, 204, 205, 

217, 219, 229, 241. 241', 2 .".::, 

265, 281, 285, 287, 288, 292, 

295, 296, 298, 299, 300, 301, 

302, 305, 308, 315, 316, 317, 

318, 319, 331, 332, 347, 349, 

350, 352, 353, 354, 367, 368, 

372, :!77. ::7!>. 3S2. 3S3, 393, 

401, 402, 415, 416, 417, 432, 

434, 435, 442, 445, 446, 449, 
457, 460, 461, 464, 465. 



488 



DOCUMENTARY JJTSTOKY 



Vessels, 
Active, the, 173. 
Admiral Duff, the, 351. 
Adventure, the, 461, 463. 
Albany, the, 155, 204, 241, 272, 

299, 331, 415. 
Alligiance, the, 277. 
Bagaduce, the, 305. 
Black Prince, the, 398, 399, 401, 

441. 
Britania, the, 176. 
Charming Sally, the, 124, 125. 
Decoy, the, 95, 96. 
Defence, the, 227. 
Defiance, the, 176. 
Deliverance, the, 277. 
Dispatch, the, 383. 
Dolphin, the, 225. 
Eagle, the, 241. 
Fame, the, 350. 
Fortune, the, 176. 
General Waine, the, 350. 
Golden Pippin, the, 384. 
Greyhound, the, 382. 
Hazard, the, 124, 219, 386. 
Hector, the, 398, 399, 401, 441. 
Lincoln Galley, the, 7, 23, 153, 

203, 217, 456. 
Mars, the, 322. 
Merrisheet, the, 43. 

Nancy, the, 38, 62, 141, 189, 
297, 298, 322, 340, 341, 406, 
407, 423, 424. 

Nautilus, the, 103, 116, 156, 160, 

204, 205, 241. 
Neashquowoite, the, 16, 211, 

412. 

Oceolus, the, 241. 

Pallas, the, 53. 

Pembroke, the, 277. 

Pidgeon, the, 273, 442. 

Pollv, the, 1. 

Protector, the, 178, 203, 205, 
206, 241, 251, 253, 266, 305, 
329, 349, 350, 358, 440. 

Providence, the, 27, 43. 

Putnam, the, 124, 172, 173. 

Ranger, the, 316, 326. 

Revenge, the, 136, 260. 

Robuck, the, 277. 

Samuel, the, 48. 

Saratoga, the, 352. 

Sparrow, the, 176. 

State Galley, the, 404. 

Success, the, 370. 

Swan the, 265. 

Thomas, the, 350. 

Two Friends, the, 254. 

Tyger, the, 353. 



Vessels, continued. 

Tyrannicide, the, 124, 136, 259, 
260, 304, 319. 

Unity, the, 294. 

Vengeance, the, 26. 

Virginia, the, 242. 

Warren, the, 105, 145, 161, 162, 
214, 216, 263. 

Vincent, Mr. , 284, 285, 294. 

Vining, Benjamin, 111. 
Vintenor, Thos., 329. 
Virginia, 196, 198, 368. 
Vose, Col. , 425, 462, 463. 

W 

Wade, Joseph, 11. 

Wadlin, Moses, 375. 
William, 375. 

Wadsworth, Col. , commis- 
sary general, 74, 360. 
Gen. Peleg, 54, 55, 56, 92, 110, 
128, 131, 147, 152, 153, 178, 
179, 190, 192, 193, 201, 203, 
205, 206, 217, 224, 235, 236, 
239, 242, 243, 244, 252, 262, 
265, 268, 270, 273, 275, 279, 
281, 282, 285, 299, 300, 302, 
304, 305, 317, 318, 325, 326, 
330, 332, 334, 335, 341, 343, 
344, 349, 353, 354, 355, 356, 
357, 358, 359, 361, 362, 365, 
367, 371, 388, 393, 402, 414, 
415, 431, 432, 435, 436, 438, 
455, 459, 460, 462, 463. 

Waite, Stephen, 5. 

Capt. Stephen, 132, 265. 

Walderne, Henry, 467. 

Waldo, Francis, 3, 421, 422. 
Samuel, 421. 

Waldoborough, 204, 308, 330, 361, 
388, 462. 

Wales, Capt. , 140. 

Walker, Ezekiel, 252. 
Lieut. Isaac, 252, 253. 
Solomon, 11. 

Wall, Robert, 329. 

Wallance, ) 

Valens, [ Capt. Patrick, 99, 

Vallance, J 100, 250. 

Walley, Mr. , 414. 

Wampum, 267, 283, 306, 307, 336, 
337, 338, 346, 376. 

Ward, Capt. , 227. 

A., 6, 8, 12, 14, 19, 20, 22, 26, 
29, 31, 40, 44, 45, 51, 52, 53, 
54, 55, 56, 58, 59, 60, 65, 66, 
76, 138, 139, 141, 144, 147, 
161, 162, 168, 184, 186, 187, 



IMM-.X 



4:89 



Ward, A., continued. 

188, 199, 201, 207, 214, 21C, 
218, 222, 225, 233, 238, 243, 
244, 249, 251, 256, 257, 258, 
259. 
.\i temas, 48. 
Ware, see Weare. 

Winner, Col. , 447, 449. 

Warren, 86. 

Gen. , 100. 

I., 27, 263. 
J., 63. 
Washburn, Seth, 231. 
Washington, George, 33, 90, 228, 
"07, 315, 344, 365, 366, 
380, 462. 
Camp of, 359. 
i [eadquarters of, 366. 
•rman, Abijah, 88. 
Waters, Capt. Daniel, 124. 
Watertown, 82, 278. 
Watson, David, 446. 
Thomas, 124, 125. 
Watt, Robert, 384. 
Weare, Mesech, 201, 202, 239. 
Wells, 21, 289, 376. 
Wesson, Stephen, 111. 
West Indies, 253, 280, 368, 370, 
371, 382, 383, 387, 461, 463. 
Wrstborough, 286. 
Weymouth, 23. 
Wheaton, Col. Mason, 86, 93, 94, 

95, 96, 98, 114, 115, 137. 
Whigs, 104, 234. 
Whipple, Joseph, 8, 9. 
White, B., 6, 8, 12, 14, 19, 20, 26. 
28, 29, 31, 40, 44, 45, 51, 52, 
53, 54, 55, 56, 58, 59, 60, 65, 
66, 67, 73, 76, 138, 139, 141, 
144, 147, 162, 168, 184, 186, 
187, 188, 199, 201, 207, 214, 
216, 225, 233, 238, 243, 244, 
249, 251, 256, 257, 258, 259, 
291. 294, 303, 304, 314, 316, 
320, 321, 370, 396, 404, 420, 
423, 436, 438, 439, 440, 442, 
444, 451, 453, 454, 455. 
Benjamin, 213. 
John, 468. 
Samuel, 18. 
Whitehauce, Emanuell, 468. 
Whither, see Whittier. 
Whlticher, ~) 

Whittaker, ( William, 301, 302. 
Whiting, Thurston, 288. 

William. 438, 440, 444, 451, 456. 

Whitney, Col , 48, 50. 

Mr. , 403. 

William, 442. 



Whittaker, see Whlticher. 
Whittell, Robert, 468. 
Whltten, Phineas, l, 2. 

i also Whittier. 
Whittier, l I01jenezer,38, 73, 287, 
Whitten, j 296, 297, 298, 308, 
309, 313, 324, 325, 345, 406, 
409, 413, 423, 424, 437, 439. 
Widger, Peter, 468. 
Williams and Vincent, 284, 285, 
294. 
Capt. George, 398, 401, 441. 
Capt John P., 7, 124, 253, 254, 

329 349. 
Rev. 'Prof. Samuel, 247, 248, 
394, 402, 403, 404, 456, 457, 
458. 
William, 231. 
Wills, Roger, 468. 
Windham, 362, 363, 364, 365, 417, 

418. 
Windsor, 97, 347. 
Wing, Judah, surgeon, 162. 
Winnissmit Ferry, 348. 
Winter Harbor, 302. 
Winthrop, 391, 396. 

Samuel, 341. 
Wisacre, Andrew, 440. 
Wiscassett, 279, 341. 
Woodbridges Neck, 311, see also 

Wocdbridges. 
Wood, A., 40, 314, 320, 321. 
Abiel, 92, 264, 265. 
Aaron, 12, 14, 19, 20, 26, 28, 29, 
31, 40, 45, 51, 52, 54, 55, 56, 
58, 59, 60, 65, 67, 73, 76, 138, 
141, 147, 201, 207, 214, 216, 
218, 222, 225, 233, 238, 243, 
244, 249, 251, 256, 257, 258, 
259, 316, 328, 370, 390, 396, 
398, 418, 420, 423, 438, 439, 
440, 442, 444, 451, 454, 455, 
459. 
Wood, N., 53. 
Woodbridges Narrows, 311. 
see also Woobridges. 

Woodward, Mr. , engineer, 

178. 
Wolfe, Stephen, 467. 
Woolwich, 9, 29, 406, 449. 
Worcester County, 231. 
Wooring, Rich., 468. 
Worthley, Daniel, 113. 
Wrieford, John, 468. 
Wright, Daniel, 1, 2, 53. 

W , G., 230; see Washington, 

George. 



490 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Young, Miss 



-, 156, 160. 



Yeats, George James, 324. 
York, 51, 138, 286, 348, 409, 412, 
419. 
Port of, 51. 

County, 2, 78, 79, 80, 92, 131, 
138, 147, 148, 178, 183, 205, 
231, 239, 240, 286, 289, 301, 
303, 313, 330, 344, 366, 374, 
380, 409, 411, 412, 419. 
Samuel, 111. 



David, 375. 

Jacob, 301, 302, 305. 

John, 375. 

Capt. Joseph, 153, 154, 155, 156, 

157, 159, 160, 181, 212, 213, 

224, 226, 227, 228.. 
Mrs. Joseph, 156, 160. 



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