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Full text of "Documentary history of the state of Maine .."

^■^^ 




^mwt (imml0gtcal ^ocietg, 



Portland, Maine. 



A ccession r 

No.7J4/ SOLDBYTHi 
Maine Genealogical Sodsty. 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2008 with funding from 

IVIicrosoft Corporation 



http://www.archive.org/details/documentaryhisto19main 



COLLECTIONS 

OF THE 

MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

SECOND SERIES 



DOCUMENTARY 

HISTORY OF THE STATE OF MAINE 

VOL. XIX 

CONTAINING 

THE BAXTER MANUSCRIPTS 



EDITED 



By JAMES PHINNEY BAXTER, A. M., Litt. D. 



PUBLISHED BY THE MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY, AIDKI) BY 
APPROPRIATIONS FROM THE STATE 



PORTLAND 

LEFA VOR-TO WER COMPANY 

19 14 






Copyright 1914 
By the Maine Historical Society 



PftESS OF 
LKFAVOK-TOWEn COMPANV, PORTLAND 



F16 
M28d 

V. iq 



PREFACE 



^ I ^ HIS volume, even more than the preceding, discloses 
-*- the depredations to which the scattered coast settle- 
ments of Maine were subjected during the long war of the 
Revolution. With a coast line too long for the Massachusetts 
Government to adequately protect, the more remote com- 
munities were ever exposed to extinction, hence their per- 
sistent, and almost futile cries, for assistance. As we read 
there always seems to be a chronic state of inefficiency on the 
part of the Massachusetts Government, and we can but 
suspect that some of those whose names shine on the roll of 
fame as patriots, have been overestimated; indeed, we know 
that then as now, there were men in control of important 
government positions, who regarded their public duties with 
a more languid interest than they did their political honors. 
We should, however, keep in mind the fact that through 
the entire war, those at the head of affairs in Boston were 
always at their wits end to obtain supplies necessary to main- 
tain a defensive position, and were continually appealing to 
the General Government for help. It was fortunate for us 
that the offensive operations of the enemy were managed with 
such evident inefficiency; had they not been, our history 
would have worn another aspect. 

JAMES PHINNEY BAXTER. 
Mackworth Island. 
July 26, 1914. 



4951.03 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE OF CONTEXTS 



1780 April 27 
Oct. 24 
Oct. 25 



Oct. 26 
Oct. 30 



Oct. 31 
Nov. 2 



Nov. 3 
Nov. 4 



Nov. 



Nov. 


8 


Nov. 


9 


Nov. 


10 


Nov. 


11 



Nov. 14 

Nov. 15 

Nov. 16 

Nov. 19 

Nov. 20 

Nov. 21 

Nov. 22 

Nov. 23 



Council. 



Report, 

Representation of Col" Brewer, 

Petition of James Cargill, . 

Permit in re Sloop Nancy, . 

Petition Selectmen of Boothbay, 

Genl. Wadsworth to President of 

Petition of Reed and Kent, . 

Petition of Penobscot Chiefs, 

Petition of Lucy Rittal, 

Decrees of Maritime Court, . 

Letter from John Allan, 

Petition of Saml Freeman et als. 

Petition of Saml Freeman et als. 

Order of General Court, 

Report of Committee in re Penobscot In 

dians, and Resolve by General Court, 
Resolve of General Court, . 
Petition of Pelatiah Freeman, 

See error in title, page 16. 

Letter from J. Allan 

Doggett & Jepsons Petition, 
Petition of Josiah Brewer, . 
Representation of Phillip Audebert, . 
Resolve Directing the Commissary Genl., 
Resolve making an Establishment of the 

Troops at Machias, 
Petition of Peletiah Freeman and Order 

Thereon 

Resolve making an Establishment for Juni 

per Berthiaume 

Letter of William Frost, 
Resolve on the Petition of Benj. Jepson, 
Resolve Directing the Committee on Accts. 
Thomas Town et al to Col. Taylor, 
Resolve on Certificates From Genl. Wads 

worth, ....... 

Resolve Directing the Treasurer, . 
Letter from Hon'"'' B. Chadbouin, Ksq., 
Saml Rittal to Governor and ('ouncil, . 
Thomas Town to Col. Taylor, 



PAGE 

62 

1 

2 

3 

4 

5 

6 

6 

10 

13 

24 

33 

34 

15 

15 
37 
16 

18 
23 
36 
38 
39 

39 

42 

43 

44 
45 
45 
45 

46 
47 
48 
60 
61 



vm 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 



Dec. 


11 


Dec. 


15 


Dec. 


19 


Dec. 


20 


Dec. 


23 


Dec. 


2G 



PAGE 

1780 Nov. 24 A Grant of £146 3-7 to Col° John Allan, . 50 

Report of Committee on Col. Allan's Peti- 
tion, 51 

Nov. 25 Petition of J** Avery, 52 

Report on the Accts. of Lemuel Weeks & 

Clement Lemon, 53 

Nov. 27 Petition Town of Washington, . . .133 

Nov. 28 Genl. Wadsworth to John Hancock, . . 53 

Ezra Taylor to the General Court, . . 57 
Resolve Requesting the Governor to Write 

to Congress, 59 

Petition in Behalf of Andrew Gilman, . . 63 

Nathl Thv/ing to Col. Hutchinson, . . 64 

Letter of Col. Allan 65 

Petition of James Avery 66 

Action on Petition of James Avery, . . 67 

Letter from General Wadsworth, ... 68 

Petition of Ebenezer Tinkham, ... 70 

Deposition of Joseph Berry, .... 72 

Deposition of William Pendleton, . . 72 

Deposition of Benjamin Shaw, ... 74 

1781 Jan. Selectmen of Thomaston to General Court, 77 
Jan. 1 Petition of Selectmen of Pepperellborough 

to General Court, 79 

Petition of Nathl Green Moody, ... 81 

Memorial of Town of Cape Elizabeth, . . 82 

Genl. Wadsworth to Gov. Hancock, . . 87 

Order in re Committee of Valuation, . . 89 

Resolve, 93 

Report on Furnishing Supplies By Town 

of Thomaston 93 

Petition Town of Fryeburgh, ... 94 

Resolve favor Town of Fryeburgh, . . 96 

Petition of Paul Revere 97 

Petition of Philip Maret 98 

Resolve in favor of James Cargill Esq., . 99 

John Springer to General Court, ... 99 
Memorial of Inhabitants of Frenchman's 

Bay, . 102 

Report of Resolutions in re Dr. Joseph 

Gardner, 104 

Jan. 26 J. Allan to President Powell, . . .105 

Jan. 27 Petition of Inhabitants of Winslow, . . 113 

Petition of John Gushing 116 

Resolve on same 124 

Jan. 29 Resolve in re Beef for Army, . . . 117 



Jan. 


12 


Jan. 


13 


Jan. 


18 


Feb. 


16 


Jan. 


22 



OF CONTENTS 



IX 



Feb. 


9 


Feb. 


13 


Feb. 


14 


Feb. 


17 


Feb. 


19 


Feb. 


20 



1781 Jan. 29 Petition of Benjamin West, . 
Feb. 1 Memorial of John Allan, 
Petition of John Gushing, 
Memorial of Owners of Ships Black Prince 
and Hector, ...... 

Feb. 5 Resolve on Petition of Williams and Peel 
Petition of James Littlefield, 
Resolves on Measures of Defence, &c.. 
Resolve in favor of the Town of Washing 

ton, 

Resolve on Petition of Pepperrellboro, 
Petition of Ebeuezer Thomas, 
Saml Huntington to Gov Hancock, . 
Memorial of Joseph North, . 
Resolve Relating to Falmouth, 
Resolve Relating to Disposal of Spars, 
Resolve favor Christopher Newbit, 
Resolve favor Andrew Woiseaker, 
List of wounded at Penobscot, . 
Resolve favor of Ebenezer Perkins, . 
Resolve Authorizing Beuj. Chadbourn to 
Prosecute Trespassers, 
Feb. 22 Letter of Benjamin Lincoln to Governor, 
Feb. 23 Wm. McCobb to the Commanding Officer 

at Falmouth, 

Committee of Georgetown to Governor, 
Feb. 24 Resolve on Memorial of Col. Allen and Peti 
tion of James Littlefield, . 
Despatch Relative to Capture of Genl 

Wadsworth, 

Feb. 26 Order Relative to Unappropriated Lands, 
Jas. Richardson to Charles Miller About 

Supplies, 

Reply to same 

Committee of Georgetown to William Lith 

gow 

Order Relative to Unappropriated Lands, 
Resolve favor of Town of Fryeburg, . 
Feb. 27 Resolve favor Moses Gunn, . 

John McLellan to the Governor, . 
Jas. Richardson to Genl. Court, . 
Feb. 27 Report of ('ommittee in re Defence of East 

ern Country, 

Mar. 1 Resolve in re Treasurer of Boothbay, . 
Mar. 1 Resolve Relating to Supplies, and New 
Hampshire Troops for Defence, 



PAGE 
119 
122 
124 

125 
127 
128 
129 

134 
134 
135 
136 
137 
139 
139 
140 
141 
142 
143 

144 
145 

148 
148 

152 

152 
155 

155 
156 

150 
155 

157 
158 
158 
159 

IGl 
160 

163 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 



1781 Mar. 1 
Mar. 2 



Mar. 3 
Mar. 6 



Mar. 7 

Mar. 8 

Mar. 9 

Mar. 10 



Mar. 17 

April 6 

April 7 

April 9 



Mar. 11 

Mar. 12 
April 13 
April 14 
April 16 
April 17 



April 18 

April 19 
April 20 



Resignation of John Avery 

Resolve Relating to Prosecution and Settle- 
ment Trespassers on Public Lands, . 
Report of Committee on Protection of 

Eastern Coast 

Resolves in re Protection Eastern Counties, 
Resolve on Petition of Inhabitants Thomas- 
town, ....... 

Resolve Relating to Exchange of Genl 

Wadsworth, 

Letter Relating to Defence of Eastern 

Country, 

Resolve in re Fitting Out Ships for Defence 
Resolve in re Impressing Men for Service, 
Address of Governor Relative to Deficiency 

of Supplies, ...... 

Order Appointing Committee on Resolu 

tions 

Resolve Relating to Militia of Frenchman's 

Bay, 

Resolve Impowering the Governor, 

Advice of the Council to the Governor, 

J. Allan to the Governor, 

Memorial of George Stillman, 

Petition of laaac Washburn, 

Letter of Chairman Committee of Corre 

spondence, . ..... 

Petition of Nicholas Crosby, 
Committee Town Machias to Governor, 
Petition of Josiah Crockett, 
Petition of Andrew Reed, 
Affidavit of Nathaniel Thomas, . 
Petition of Mary Campbell, . 

Petition Nathl Silsbee 

Order to Committee to Deliver Message to 

Governor, ...... 

Resolve Placing Troops Under General Lin 

coin, . 

Resolve in favor of George Bacon, . . 
Governor Hancock to the Senate «S: House 

of Representatives, .... 
Order to Reimburse Stephen Smith, . 
Resolve favor of Wm. Hubbard, . 
Certificates favor Wm. Hubbard, . 
Order for Revision of Resolves for Defence 

Eastern Counties 



PAGE 
167 

168 

170 
172 

176 

177 

177 
178 
180 

181 

182 

183 
184 
185 
186 
189 
190 

191 
192 
193 
193 
196 
198 
199 
205 

206 

206 

207 

208 
208 
209 
210 

210 



OF CONTENTS 



XI 



1781 April 21 



April 23 
April 24 



April 26 



Mar. 9 
April 28 

April 30 



May 1 

April 26 

Mar. 17 

April 11 

May 3 



May 5 

May 8 

May 9 

May 15 



May 16 

May 17 

May 18 

May 19 

May 24 
June 

May 29 

May 30 

May 31 



Resolve to Stay Proceeding Hodge vs. Reed 

Resolve in re Troops for Eastern Country, 

Petition Scarboro' Gridley, . 

Resolve favor Scarboro' Gridley, . 

Petition John Hathaway, 

Resolve in re Establishment at Machias, 

Petition of Major Wheaton, . 

Resolve Granting Privilege of Transporting 

Corn 

Resolve Relating to Prisoners, . 
Certificate in favor Josiah Crockett, . 
Resolve Relating to Pay of Soldiers, . 
Memorial of Inhabitants of Machias, . 
Resolve favor Ebenezer Perkins, 
Resolve favor Joshua Swan, 
Petition of Andrew Brown, . 
Resolve on same, ..... 
Resolve in re Mustering Department, . 
Resolve in favor John McGoff, . 
Resolve on the letter from Col" Allan, 
Affidavit of David Jenks, 
Letter Francis Shaw to Stephen Jones, 
Letter of Committee, .... 
Deposition of Jonas Farnsworth, 
A Copy of Letter of Frances Shaw, . 
Letter of Francis Shaw to Governor and 

Council, 

Petition of Nathaniel Silsbee, 
Resolve Relating to Bounties, 
Resolves Relating to Defence Eastern Parts, 
Genl. Wadsworth to John Hopskins, Esq., 
J. Allan to Gov. Hancock, . 
Resolve on Petition of Jos. McLellan, 
Resolve in favor of Sprague & Ward, 
Petition of Jeremiah Colburn, 
Letter Jn" Hopkins to Caleb Davis, 
Resolve in favor Jeremiah Colburn, 
Resolve in favor Genl Wadsworth, 
Resolve Relating to Letter of Maj' Osgood, 
Conuiiission to Hon''"'' Sanniel Osgood, Esq., 
Petition Inhabitants in Lincoln Co., . 
Petition of John Bane, .... 
Certificate in favor John Bane, . 
Daniel Merit to James Avery, 
Resolutions of Several Eastern Towns, 
Memorial of James Sullivan, 



PAGE 
211 
213 
216 
217 
218 
218 
219 

220 
222 
223 
224 
225 
229 
229 
231 
233 
232 
233 
234 
235 
235 
238 
241 
243 

246 
250 
251 
252 
254 
256 
258 
259 
261 
261 
262 
263 
264 
265 
265 
266 
267 
268 
269 
271 



Xll 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 



1781 May 31 Memorial of Plantations in Eastern Country, 
April 26 Memorial of Eastern Towns, 
June 4 Robt. Pagan to Dr. Nathaniel Coffin, 
June 6 Petition of Selectmen of Buxton, 
June 9 Report on Exchange of Sullivan, . 
June 11 Resolve in favor Town of Buxton, 

Resolve in favor John Magray, . 
June 12 Petition in behalf of Towns of Brunswick 

and Harpswell 

June 16 Selectmen of Boothbay to Genl. Court, 

Letter Col. Allan, ..... 
June 18 Resolve on Petition of John Bane, 
June 20 Memorial of John Allan in re Liquidation 

of Debts 

June 21 Petition in Behalf Town of Berwick, and 
Resolve, 

Acct. William Vaughan and Resoh'^e There 
on, ...... 

Accts. Accepted and Allowed, 
June 22 Petition of Juniper Berthiaume, . 

Petition of Josiah Brewer, . 
June 27 Resolve on same, .... 
June 23 Stephen Hall to Governor and Council with 

Resolve and Instructions on Same, 
June 25 Petition of Phillip Hodgkins, 

Resolve in favor Phillip Hodgkins, 
June 26 Certificate, 

Petition of Andrew Oilman, . 

Second Petition of Chief Orino, . 
June 30 Petition of Chief Orino, . 
July 2 Resolve in favor of Chief Orino, . 

Memorial of Joseph Brewer, . 

Resolve on same 

July 5 Resolve in re Disposal of Vessels, 
July 6 Memorial of Juniper Berthiaume, 

Resolve in favor Juniper Berthiaume 
July 23 Petition of James Mosher, . 

Memorial from F. Shaw J'', . 
July 25 Action on Foregoing Petition, 

Petition of Peleg Wadsworth, 

Action on Foregoing Petition, 
Aug. 7 Letter of H. Y. Brown, . 

Warrant for Arrest Andrew Reed Jr., 
Aug. 11 Certificate Inhabitants of Winslow, 

Petition of Martha Oxnard, . 
Aug. 13 Action of Foregoing Petition, 



PAGE 
273 
275 
276 
277 
279 
279 
279 

280 
282 
283 
288 

370 

289 

290 
291 
291 
292 
293 

293 
295 
296 
297 
297 
298 
299 
300 
301 
302 
302 
303 
304 
305 
307 
308 
309 
309 
310 
311 
312 
313 
314 



OF CONTENTS 



Xlll 



1781 Aug. 16 



Aug. 20 

Aug. 24 

Aug. 29 

Oct. 11 

Aug. 26 

Sept. 4 

Sept. 5 

Sept. 8 

Sept. 10 

Sept. 12 

Sept. 12 

Sept. 13 



Sept. 14 

Sept. 15 

Sept. 17 

Sept. 19 

Sept. 20 



Sept. 21 

Sept. 25 

Sept. 27 

Sept. 25 

Sept. 26 



Sept. 27 



Sept. 


1 


Sept. 


29 


Oct. 


2 


Oct. 


3 



Petition of Nathaniel Colfm, . 

Advice of Council on Foregoing, 

Order on same, 

John Frost to the Governor, . 

Petition of Andrew Reed, 

Paper Accompanying Petition, 

Action on Petition Andrev/ Re«d, 

Warning, .... 

Letter Josiah Brewer, . 

Advice Relating to Father DeBourg 

Petition of Ami Smith, 

Petition of Joseph Bragdon Jr.. 

Petition of Andrew Reed, 

Action on Petition Andrew Reed, 

Petition in Behalf Inhabitants Machias, 

James Avery's Petition in Behalf of Col 

Allan, 

Petition of Mary Crawford, . 

Order Creating Committee, . 

Report of Committee Respecting Maehias, 

Resolution of Congress Relating to Indian?, 

Resolution of Congress Relating to Eastern 

Indian Dept., 

Petition of Elizabeth Stevens, 

Saml Freeman to the Governor, . 

Genl Heath to Gov. Hancock, 

Resolve Appointing John Langdon, 

Nathl Thwing to Ezra Taylor Esq., . 

Petition of John Murray, 

Resolve Appointing Saml Freeman Esq., 

Petition of Eliphelet Downer, 

Petition of Stephen Hall, 

Resolve on Same, ..... 

Certificate of Wm. Todd, . 

Petition of John Murray, 

Certificate of Genl Wadsworth, . 

Petition of Ezekiel Pattee, . 

Message of Gov. Hancock to General Court 

Petition of James Avery, 

J. Avery to Saml Freeman, . 

Deposition of Bartholomew Jackson, . 

Resolve in favor of John Murray, 

Resolve in favor of John Murray, 

Resolve in favor of Soldiers, 

Resolve in favor of Soldiers, 

I'etition Selectmen of Lincoln, . 



PAGE 
315 
316 
316 
317 
317 
318 
319 
319 
319 
320 
320 
321 
322 
323 
372 

369 
323 
324 
324 
325 

325 
326 
327 
329 
330 
321 
331 
334 
335 
335 
326 
337 
337 
338 
338 
340 
341 
343 
344 
345 
346 
346 
347 
348 



XIV 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 



Oct. 
Oct. 

Oct. 



Oct. 


8 


Oct. 


9 


Oct. 


13 


Oct. 


17 


Oct. 


18 


Oct. 


22 


Oct. 


23 


Oct. 


24 


Oct. 


24 


Oct. 


30 



1781 Oct. 3 Resolve in favor of Selectmen of Lincoln, 

4 To Pay Teamsters and Grant Warrant to 
Com. General, 

5 T. D. Street to Sergt. Burns, 
T. D. Street to Robert Leake, 
Petition of Amos Lincoln. . 
Appointment of Committee, . 
Memorial of Lapham and Thomas, 
John Allan to the Governor, 
Resolve in favor of Falmouth Soldiers, 
Petition of Thomas Starrett, 
Caleb Graff am to General Court, . 
Certificate of Stephen Smith, 
Resolve in favor John Blunt, 
Certificate Accompanying Above, 
Memorial of Ezra Taylor, . 
Action on Petition Thomas Starrett, . 
Petition Selectmen Town of Gorham, . 
Petition of Joseph McLellan, 

Resolve in re Petition James Avery in Be 

half Col. Allan, 

Resolve on the Foregoing, . 
Nov. 20 Complant of Juniper Berthiaume, 
Dec. 13 Petition of Inhabitants of Georgetown, 

Acct. of Massachusetts Against the U. S., 

Affidavit of Jeremiah Tolman, 

Petition of Barbara Douglass, 

Petition of Officers et als in Co. of Lincoln 

1782 Jan. Petition Town of Sanford, . 
Petition of Samuel Leighton, 
Petition of Stephen Barton et als. 
Petition of John Lewis, 
Petition of Vicente Doo, 
Petition of Selectmen of Cape Eliazbeth, 
List of Men Lost Belonging to Cape Eliza 

beth 

John Lewis to Speaker of the House, . 

Petition of James Avery, 

Theophilus Bradbury vs. Petition Vicente 
Doo, 

Resolve in Case of Vicente Doo, . 

Petition of Col. Edward Grow, . 

Resolve on Foregoing 

Petition of Vicente Doo, 
Jan. 28 Resolve in re Losses in Penobscot Expedi- 
tion, 



Jan. 




Jan. 


14 


Jan. 


15 


Jan. 


16 



Jan. 


17 


Jan. 


18 


Jan. 


21 


Jan. 




Jan. 


24 



PAGE 
349 

350 
351 
352 
352 
353 
354 
355 
357 
357 
358 
359 
360 
361 
362 
364 
364 
366 

367 
368 
372 
374 
376 
376 
377 
378 
409 
412 
379 
380 
382 
384 

385 
387 
388 

389 
391 
393 
394 
394 

395 



OF CONTENTS 



XV 



1782 Jan. 29 



Feb. 



Feb. 


2 


Feb. 


8 


Feb. 


11 


Feb. 


9 


Feb. 


9 


Feb. 


13 


Feb. 


18 


Feb. 


19 



Feb. 20 



Feb. 


22 


Feb. 


25 


Feb. 


2G 


Feb. 


28 



Mar. 
Mar. 
Mar. 



Mar. 


14 


Mar. 


15 


Mar. 


18 


Mar. 


27 


Mar. 


28 



Resolve in favor of John Lewis, . 
Resolve on Petition James Avery, 
Report on Petition Inhabitants of George 

town 

Memorial Selectmen of Pownalboro, . 
Resolve on Foregoing Memorial, . 
Accts Relating to the Penobscot Expedition 
Petition of Addison Richardson, . 
Certificate in favor of Josiah Waters Jr., 
Petition of Benjamin Jepson, 
Memoral of Edw. Grow, 
Resolve on Foregoing, .... 
Resolve on Petition Stephen Hardison, 
Report in re Boothbay Accts., 
Action on Petition of Town of Sanford, 
Nathaniel Shaw to Committee General Court 
Action on Foregoing Petition, 
Resolve in Behalf Cape Elizabeth, 
Chas. Gushing to Gov. Hancock, . 
Petition of Lydia Twycross, 

Resolve on Foregoing 

Affidavit of Saml Goodwin Jr., 
Affidavit Joseph North, ... 

Affidavit of William Howard, 
Resolve in favor Ezekiel Pattee, . 
Postmaster General to Samuel Freeman 

Esqr., 

Petition Thos Rice in Behalf County Lin 

coin, ....... 

Resolve on Treasury Notes, 

Resolve on Confiscated Estates, . 

Petition of Larkin Thorndike, 

Joshua Thomas to Governor, 

Proceedings of Court Martial in Case ol 

Paul Revere, 

Resolve in Behalf County of Lincoln, . 
Resolve Relating to Losses of Towns, 
Col. Allan to the Governor, . 

Petition of John Allan 

Stephen Jones to the Governor, . 
P. Talbot to the Governor, . 
Certificate in re Sloop Centurian, 
Certificate in re Sloop Fortune, . 
Petition of Amos Lincoln, 
Certificate in re Sloop Sparrow, . 
Memorial of Lewis Fred DeLesdernier, 



PAGE 
396 
397 

398 

399 

401 

401 

403 

405 

405 

406 

407 

407 

408 

410 

411 

413 

414 

416 

417 

418' 

419 

420 

420 

421 

422 

423 
425 
426 
426 
427 

428 
430 
436 
436 
439 
440 
443 
445 
445 
446 
447 
447 



XVI 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 



1782 April 1 

April 4 

April 5 

April 8 

April 9 

April 10 



April 15 



June 
April 15 

April 16 



April 19 



April 20 



Memorial of De Lesdernier to Governor, 
Report to Commissary General, . 
Eben Preble to Governor and Council, . 
Memorial Selectmen of Berwick, . 
Petition of Nathaniel Coffin, . 
Petition of Saml and Abigail Sewall, . 
Memorial Inhabitants of Falmouth, 
Action on Petition Town of Falmouth, 
Petition Selectmen of Wells, 
Memorial Lt. Col. Ezra Badlam, . 

Petition James Avery 

Memorial Edw Grow in Behalf Joseph 

Trafton, 

Resolve on Foregoing 

Petition Town of Falmouth, . 

Resolve in favor Town of Falmouth, . 

Petition of John Hill for Town of Berwick 

Memorial of Robert Foster, . 

Petition of Daniel Lane, 

Resolve to Levy in County of York, . 

Report Committee to Estimate Expense 

County York 

Certificate Thos. Chase in favor Robert 

Foster, 

Petition of Jedidiah Preble, . 
Action on Foregoing, .... 
Court General Session to Jedidiah Preble, 
Resolve favor County of York, . 
Resolve Requesting Colonel Badlam to Mus 

ter Troops Into Service, . 
Resolve that Genl Glover Appoint Muster 

Masters, 

Resolve Relating to Muster Masters, . 
Selectmen of Coxhall to General Court, 



PAGE 

448 
449 
450 
451 
453 
454 
454 
458 
458 
460 
462 

463 
463 
464 
466 
466 
467 
469 
469 

470 

471 
472 
472 
472 
473 

474 

477 
478 
479 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



OF THE 



STATK OF MAINK 



Representation of CoV' Brewer. 

To the Houorable Council of the State of Massachusetts Bay 
The Representation of Col" Josiah Brewer Truck Master 
of tlie Penobscot Tribe of Indians, Humbly sheweth That 
he hath accompanied the Indians now in Town to Newport 
where they have been politely entertained & are very well 
satisfied v/ith their reception there — That they are now in 
this Town & are desirous of Returning home — upon re- 
questing me to take the Charge of such things as your honors 
may se fit to grant upon thier late Petition — That your 
Petitioner would pray your honors to give an Order that the 
said Indians & thier Interpreter may receive ten Days pro- 
visions in order to enable them to return & likewise give an 
Order for the Discharge of the Account of John Marsh their 
Interpreter who was employed for that purpose by General 
Wadsworth — or othei-wise to give such orders respecting 

them as your Honors may see proper 

Josiah Brewer 
Boston Oct^ 24"' 1780 

State of Mass"" Bay 

Council Chamber Ocf 24' 1780 

Read & Ordered — That the Commissary General of this 

State be and hereby is directed to deliver Col" Josiah Brewer 

for the Use of Six Indians with their Interpreter lately 

arrived from Penobscot ten Days Provisions to enable them 



I DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

to return to their respective Homes — and Charge the Same 
to the Ace* of the United States — 

Attest John Avery D Secy 

To his Excellency the Governor h To the Hon' General As- 
sembly of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts The 
Memorial of Col" Josiah Brewer Humbly shews, 
That some few days since (upon the Indians now in this 
Town Return from Rhode Island) he was ordered by the 
Hon' Council to send them off, as soon as possible — the wind 
hitherto has prevented there going that the French Consul 
hath given them encouragement that they may have a priest 
to go with them provided they tarry some days, they are there- 
fore very desirous of tarrying till the priest can have your 
Honors Orders to go down with them — Your Memorialist 
therefore prays your Honors to give him such Directions Re- 
specting the said Indians as your Honors shall see fit and like- 
wise to give order that the Priest may be permitted to go & 
proper provision made for him and as in Duty bound will 

ever pray 

Josiah Brewer Truck Master 



Petition of James Cargill. 

October 25. 1780 
To the Honourable the Senate and the Hon'''^ the House of 
Representatives In General Court Assembled. 

The Humble Petition of James Cargill of Newcastle Most 
humbly Sheweth — 

That having applyed to the General Court under the late 
Constitution for Releif in a Controversy he has for several 
years past had relative to the Sloop Xancy he took in the 
Service of the Enemy, and notwithstanding the publick Faith 
of this Commonwealth, on which your petitioner relyed, after 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



she was legally condemned in the Court of Admiralty ap- 
pointed & constituted by this State, & became the property of 
\ our petitioner yet was recovered from him to his great Damage 
and Loss, and yonr Petitioner is finally ruined, and his Fam- 
ily, as all his Estate is Seized, (and he is by this means 
greatly involved in Debt unless this Hon^'® Court will please 
10 take cognizance of his unhappy & distressed circumstances ; 
Your Petitioner has been at a very great Expence in Sollicit- 
ing this affair, yet he humbly hopes this Hon"'' Court will 
exercise that Compassion due to his Case, as it is Singular, 
and grant him the Liberty of pleading his cause before the 
lion"^ Senate, and the Hon""' House, as he has such reasons 
& arguments to lay before them as he judges will be Sufficient 
to induce them to grant him that relief his most distressed 
Circumstances call for, consistent with their wisdom and 
Justice. — And your Petitioner as in Duty bound &c 

James Cargill 

i^. B. The papers relating to the above Caption are in 
the Secretarv's Office. 



Permit in re Sloop Nancy. 

To the Respective Commanders of his Majestys Ships and 

Vessels at Boston 
[Seal] By Sam' Graves Esq"" Vice Admiral of the White &c — 
Permit the Sloop Nancy, Peleg Crooker Master, with three 
hands, to go out of the Harbour, with Leave to carry One 
barrel rum, One Barrel of Molasses, one hogshead of Salt, and 
Thirty ])nshels of Corn, and to return with Fuel &c for his 
^fajestys Service. This pass to remain with the Vessell 'till 

she returns. — 

Dated at Boston the 20*'' July 1775, 

Sam' Craves 



4 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petition Selectmen of Boothbay. 

To the Honorable the Senate and House of Representatives 
for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts — We the Selectmen 
of the Township of Boothbay beg leve to Represent to Your 
Honours the confused & Eregular manner in which the Towns 
papers be at present on account of the Shift of Officers last 
March meeting, in perticuler the Treasurer. We cannot find 
any regularity in the Treasurers Books, no proper Settlement 
from the begening to Eand of it and the former Treasurer 
after a Lawfull Demand of him to Deliver up the Receipts 
& other papers in his hand belonging to the Town has abso- 
lutely Refus'd : which ocations Grate inconveniences for 
which Reason we wou'd beg Your Honour to take the matter 
into your wise consideration & if your Honours Should think 
proper we would beg that you would Grant or appoint a 
Committee in Sum of the JSTeighbouring Towns to inquire into 
this matter and see that there is a proper Settlement of our 
Towns Accounts. We wou'd likewise Represent to your 
Honours the obstinasy of our Militia Officers in this Town, 
they have taken Severel Fines from men that they Draughted 
& cou'd not go into the Sarvis, & have never accounted with 
the Treasurer for one farthing Since the war which seema 
to us to be very unjust we wou'd beg therefore that if your 
Honours Shou'd appoint a Committee as above, that they 
may be Impowered & Directed to call the Militi Officers to 
account Respecting the fines & see that a proper settlement 
is made, we would likewise represent to Your Honours the 
Grate Inconveniance of having two Companys of Militi in 
this Little poor Town where there is not more than one Com- 
pany of able Bodyed men, having so meny Officers Screen'd 
from Draughts comes very Heavy on the Remander, we 
would therefore beg if Your Honours think proper, to bring 
the Militi in this Town into one Company 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 

Hoping Your Honours will Grant this our most Ernest 
petition We are Your Honours most Obedient and most 

Humble Servants 

i Major part 
of the 
Selectmen 
of Boothbav 



Boothbav October 25^'' 1780 



Genl. Wadsworth to President of Council. 

Honble James Bowdoin Esq' President of Council 

Head Quarters Thomaston 26^'' Ocf 1780 
Dear Sir 

The Bearer M"" Pelatiah Freeman is one of our good 
Friends, who has lately fled from the Oppression of the 
Britains at Bagaduce & left his Family behind him. If you 
Could procure a passage for them in the first Cartel that 
Goes from Boston to that Place, I should acknowledge it as 
a particular Favour done to, C Sir Your most humble Serv' 

P. Wadsworth B G 
Major John Hopkins 
Sir 

at the Request of Peletiah Freeman would inform your 
Exelency that he was Born and Lived in York till he moved 
to Penobscutt and I Never heard as I Remember but he has 
Been a friend to the united States 

Your Exellency* most obd' and very Humb''' Serv* 

Edw"* Grow 
His Exellency John Hancock Esq"" 
Boston Nov-" 9'" 1780 



6 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petition of Reed & Kent. 

To the Hon*" Senate & House of Representatives of the Com- 
mon Wealth of Massachusetts 

Ocf^ 30^'^ 1780 

The Petition of Andrew Reed & Benjamin Kent Both of 
Boothbay Humbly Sheweth, that one of your Petitioners 
Andrew Reed, being a Conunission'd officer On the late un- 
successful expedition to Bagwaduce was after our Retreat 
from thence to Boothbay, Ordered by General Lovell to im- 
press some Whale Boats ; — in obedience to his orders Kents 
boat was, impressed one Whale boat, the property of Benja- 
min Kent your other petitioner, an inhabitant of Said Booth- 
bay, which boat was employ^ at the direction of General 
Lovell. and not since returned to the owner who is in great 
need of her tho both duty & enclination Commands every 
Effort in the power of your petitioners to Serve the great 
Cause of Amarica yet presume your Honors Cannot intend 
individuals Should lose what was for the public Service there- 
fore prays your Said petitioners may have a boat of equal 
value, which when taken away with Road Sails & appur- 
tainances was worth one hundred & fifty pounds, hoping your 
Honors will take the matter into your Serious Considderation 
and grant such redress as your wisdom shall dictate, as to 
fall of Currency Since, and the Want of a fishing boat to a 
needy distress** family and your Petitioners as in duty bound 
Shall ever pray. 

Andr'" Reed Benjamin Kent 



Petition of Penobscot Chiefs. 

To His Excellency the Governor, and Honorable Senate & 
House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts — 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 7 

The Petition of Orina and others Chiefs of the Penobscot 
Tribe of Indians — Humbly sheweth, ^ That by reason of 
Enemys possessing of Penobscot they have been put to the 
greatest Difficultys — they Unfortunately having four of 
their Brothers killed by them who left large families for the 
Tribe to support who are unable to support themselves by 
Reason of their having been drove from their settlement by 
the Enemy — which makes them at present very poor — the 
Enemy have Offerd them large presents to come & join them 
but they have declined in hopes that their Brothers the 
Americans would provide for them — & fulfill the promises 
which Gen' Lovell made them viz' that they should have the 
same Supplys which those have at Machias — & likewise that 
something should be done for the Widows of those who fell 
in Battle with the Enemy who are extremely poor that those 
Indians at Machias are frequently receiving presents at the 
public Cost while those of the Penobscot Tribe have not rec'' 
any — that the said Indians were allow"^ to draw provisions 
for a Considerable time at free Cost and likewise had their 
Wives & Children Cloathed at the Cost of the public — 

They would therefore represent to your Honors whom they 
look upon as their fathers that the Winter is now Coming on 
that they have not had the advantage of hardly any trade 
this Summer they would therefore i\Iost humbly pray your 
Honors to give orders that the Truck House at Fort Halifax 
may be supplied with such Articles as Col° Brewer shall give 
a List of, and likewise that You would order Col° Brewer 
to make them such presents for the support of themselves & 
the Poor of the Tribe as your Generosity shall Dictate — 
they would likewise Represent & beg your Honors to Con- 
tinue Col° Brewer Truck Master at Fort Halifax and as in 

Duty bound will ever pray 

Joseph Orina 

Chief of the Penobscot Tribe in behalf of himself and others 



O DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

This may Certify that the foregoing was taken from the 

Mouth of Orina the Chiefs — and is the meaning of what he 

desired may be wrote 

John Marsh Sworn Interpreter 

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Ocf 30 : 1780 
Ordered that M"" Barrett & Brig"" Frost be a Committee 
with such as the Hon. Senate shall join to take into Consid- 
eration the Petition of Josiah Brewer Truck-master at Fort 
Halifax & Orina & other Chiefs of the Penobscot Tribe of 
Indians 
Sent up for Concurrence Caleb Davis Speak'' 

In Senate Ocf SO^*^ 1780 
T Cushing President 
Read & Concurred and Jedidiah Prebble Esq"" is joined 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

Oct" 30, 1780 

The Committee of both Houses on the Petition of Orana, 
a Chief of the Penobscot Tribe & others, and also the Petition 
of CoP Josiah Brewer, Truck Master at Fort Halifax — 
Report — that — There are now in Town of the Penobscot 
Tribe, one Chief viz* the Petition as aforesaid and also — 
one Son of the Late Cheif * Trench Meser, one Grandson 
of Orina the first mentioned Cheif — also a Cheif named 
*Atteor & two of the Indian Council — who have each of them 
bad a Hat a Blanket, a Shirt & one p*" of Indian Stockings 
before they went to Newport presented them by the 
Government. 

The Committee are of Opinion that it would be expedient 
that the Cheif, Orana, be presented with a Coat a Gun & 
Ammunition for Defence on his Passage, fire Arms & Am- 
munition for the rest — with a Pair of Shoes for each — 

That it would be also expedient that Provision should be 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 9 

made for the Accomodation & Subsistance of the Person 
whom the French Consul has recommended ; and also for his 
support while in that Country 

That on Conference had with the Chief aforesaid & the 
Truck master we are of Opinion that a large Number of the 
Penobscot Tribe consider themselves as in Actual Sendee of 
the United States — holding themselves in Readiness to en- 
gage with the People of the Commonwealth against the 
Enemy on all Occasions — & that the Persons mentioned in 
the Petition fell in our Cause, leaving their Families to be 
supported by the public — and that it would conduce to the 
Public Good, in attatching the Tribe to our Service to make 
some Provision for the Families of these Persons — That 
whatever is sent them would be more grateful as a special 
Mark of Attention, & have a better Effect, if sent in a par- 
ticular Package & directed to these Families, & to be delivered 
to them by the Truckmaster — as a Present from the Com- 
monwealth — and that 24 Yards of Strouds 36 Yards of 
Linnen would be sufficient for that Purpose and one Barrel 
of Pork & two Barrel of Flour be also sent them by the 
Truckmaster for their Winter Support — 

That one hundred Weight of Powder With a Proportionate 
Quantity of Ball & Shot & fifty Hatchets be sent to the Fort 
to be distributed as presents to the Tribe, and also about ten 
Doz of Jack Knives — 

That certain Stores for the Supply of Fort Halifax to 
continue the Trade with the Indians are necessary — a 
Schedule of which is exhibited as hereunto annexed, by Col 
Brewer, which with the Stores now on hand, a Schedule of 
which is also annexed, will be sufficient untill the month of 
May next — Which Several Matters are submitted 

Jedidiah Preble Chaii-man 
In Senate Oct. 31, 1780 

Head & Sent down — Gushing President 



10 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petition of Lucy Rittal. 

His Excelency the Governor & the Honorable Council of the 
Commonwealth of the Massachusetts Humbly Sheweth 
The Petition of Lucy Rittal of Pownalborough in the 
County of Lincoln That on Sunday the 25"" of September 
1780 Capt McClelan with a file of men by order of General 
Wadsworth Esq"" (as he said) who then was at the Shore in 
Ivennebeck river, about twenty five miles from the Sea Tooke 
my husban Francis Rittal from his Large family & out of 
his house viz' his wife and teen Children, and he often has 
the asseme to that Degree we think he Cant Lives and Carried 
him and put him into Close Gaol at Falmouth in the County 
of Cumberland, and There Still he is Confin'd about Sixty 
miles from me when there was a Gaol within a mile of him, 
on Tuesday y^ 17'^ of October 1780 I went and with Great 
Expences and heavy Bonds — Obtained the Liberity of the 
Yard for him, and one M"" Thomas Towns of Pittstown about 
teen miles high up Said River, who was Committed with 
him, and for what, M'' Towns, Neither my husban Nor my 
selfe Cant Tell, he never Broake any Law of the State that 
he or I knows of, but always obsarved to Keep all the Laws 
that come to his Knowledge, Taking the appossels advice 
and submited to the Powers that be which the People here 
hath made it their Rule — Our Son Francis Rittal junior 
between 16 & 17 years old went in the army to Penobscut and 
behaved well as all that Knew him Said, my husban was also 
draughted & sent with Prisoners to guard them to Boston we 
also made Provision for all we Could for those that Came 
from Penobscut & Returned by way of Kennebeck, & som that 
was Sick & wounded we entertained there upon free Cost & 
Carried them to Brunswick about 18 miles out & 18 home 36 
in all and always paid our Taxes for hiering men besides 
what my husban & Son hath don and was peaceable and 



OF THE STATE OF :MAINE 11 

Quiet & Studied to mind our own busness and to Get a Com- 
fortable Liveing bv our hand Labour and indaustory with 
our Large family, but this Extradonary affair, and the Loss 
of the head of the famely, with the heavy Charges attending 
of it. Going to & from him at 60 miles Distance and Charge 
there must bring Distruction and a Seperation of our famely, 
and Cause the Tender Babes to Cry for Bread, which is hard 
to be Gott here with all prudance and indaustory we Can use, 
we are Denied the Knowledge of his accusors or Even of the 
Least fault that my husban is Charged with & he & I are 
Conscious that he is Guilty of no Breach of Law against the 
State or any of them therefore I most Humbly pray your 
Honours to Take our Distressed Circumstances in your wise 
Consideration and Liberate my husban Francis Rittal from 
Falmouth Goal & his Bonds 60 miles from his Distressed 
family or otherwise Releave us as Your Honours in your 
Great Wisdom Shall think proper and I as in Duty Bound 
1 Shall Ever Pray Lucy Rittal 

Pownalborough Octo^ 31^* 1780 

We the Subscribers are Knowing to Great part of the 
Truth of Said petition therefore most humbly pray — your 
Honours that M"" Francis Rittal may be Liberated and Return 
to his Distressed family again & as in Duty Bound etc 

Samuel Goodwin Stephen Mason Jaque Goud 

Samuel Goodwin JrGeorge Goud Christopher J akin 

John Johnson Abner Mason George Mayer 

Tma Pond Henry Bickford Martin Haly 

George Stephen Louis houdlette Thomas Haly 

David X Clancy Phillip Major William Haly 

Obadiah Call Jun"" Gorge Pocherd John Haley 

Joseph X i^I^f arlan Joseph Jackson Jabez Robinson 

Sam Mason William^- pray Elijah Robinson 

JosephM'^farland Peter Pachard 



12 DOCUMENTAitY HISTORY 

Bill of Rights &c 

VII Government is instituted for the Common Good ; for 
the Protection, Safety, Prosperity, and happiness of the 
people; and not for the Profitt, honor or private Interest of 
any one man, family, or Class of men: 

XII ]Sr° Subject Shall be held to answer for any Crime 
or offence, untill the same is fully and plainly, substantially 
and formally, described to him ; or be compelled to accuse or 
furnish evidence against himself e, and every subject shall 
have a right to produce all proof, that may be favourable to 
him ; to meet the Witness face to face, and to be fully heard 
in his Defence by himselfe, or his Counsel, at his Election — 
and no Subject Shall be arrested, imprisoned, despoiled, or 
deprived of his property, immunities or privileges 

of the Protection of the Law, exiled, or deprived of his Life, 
Liberity or Estate, but by the Judgement of his peers or the 
Law of the Land, And the Legislature shall not make any 
Law that Shall Subject any person to a Capital or infamous 
punishment, excepting for the Government of the Army and 
Navy without Tryal by jury — 

XIII In Criminal prosecutions, the verification of facts 
— in the vicinity where they happen, is one of the Greatest 
Securities of the Life, Liberty & prosperity of the Citizen — 

XXVIII Ko person Can in any Case be Subjected to Law 
martial — or to any penalites or pains, by virtue of that 
Law, except those imployed in the army and navy and except 
the militia in actual service, but by Authority of the 
Legislature. 

In Council Dec ll'"" 1780 

Read & Advised that his Excellency the Governor be re- 
quested to write a Letter to Brig"* General Wadsworth upon 
the Subject Matter of the within Petition 

Attest Jn° Avery D Secy 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 13 

Decrees of Maritime Court. 

State of Massachusetts Bay — | Lincoln Ss — 

in New England \ 

At the Maritime Court for the Eastern District of the 
State of the Massachusetts Bay in New England, holden at 
the Meeting-house in the East Precinct of Pownalborough, 
by the Hon Timothy Langdon Esq. Judge of said Court on 
Tuesday the third day of September, in the year of our Lord, 
one thousand, seven hundred & seventy six — 

Be it remember'd that on the fifth day of July in the year 
of our Lord, One thousand, seven hund'' & seventy six, James 
Cargill of Newcastle in the County of Lincoln, who prose- 
cutes as well for & in behalf of the People on board divers 
armed boats, Commanded by the s*^ Cargill as of himself, 
came before the said Judge & filed a Libel, exhibiting an in- 
formation, (to wit,) That on the twenty fourth day of July, 
Anno Domini, seventeen hundred & seventy five, within 
thirty leagues of the shore, & within the Jurisdiction of this 
Hon'''* Court Attacked, took & brought, into the river of 
Sheepscott, within s'' County of Lincoln, a certain sloop 
called the Nancy, burthen about eighty tons, & laden with 
the articles of Cargo mention'd in the schedule annex'd, that 
said Sloop at the time of the capture thereof was in the actual 
service of the Fleet & Army then employ'd against the United 
Colonies & had at divers times between the nineteenth day 
of April, Anno Domini seventeen hundred & seventy five, & 
the s** twenty fourth day of July been improved in carrying 
supplies of sundry kinds to the s** Enemies of the United 
Colonies, & that the master of s** sloop had designs to supply 
I he s** Enemy, In violation of the Laws & acts of this Colony 
in such case made & provided. By means of all which the 
e"^ Sloop her Cargo, & Appur"" aforesaid by force of the Laws 
& acts aforesaid, are become a lawfull prize to the captors 



14 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

thereof, who are the s"^ James Cargill & his s^ Companies & 
to be disturbed as by s*^ Laws are directed, And Praying ad- 
visement thereon & that in a due course of Law & Proceed- 
ings, the s^ Sloop her Cargo & Appur'^*'^ may be adjudged to 
be & remain forfeit, & to 1)6 divided & applied in manner 
aforesaid. — And the time & Place of trial having been duely 
notified, the s*^ James Cargill the Proponant appears & no 
Person appearing to shew cause why the said Sloop with hei- 
Cargo & Appur^"'' should not be condemned, after a full hear- 
ing of the s*^ Proponant (by his Counsell) the bill aforesaid 
of the s"* Proponant was committed to a Jury duely returned, 
impanneld & sworn, to return a true verdict thereon Accord- 
ing to Law & Evidence. — Which Jury are Solomon Walker, 
John Cartland, James Little, Samuel Brown, William Reed, 
Gabriel Hambleton, Alexander Drumond, Joshua Famham, 
Jonathan Fuller, William Hilton, John Getchel, William 
Boyinton, who upon their Oath say that the said Sloop Nancy 
was improv'd in carrying supplies to the Fleet and Army, 
employ'd against the United States of America, since the 
nineteenth of April, One thousand seven hundred & seventy 
five, & being so improved was taken by James Cargill & his 
s** Company, as set forth in the Libel. 

Thereupon it is by the s"^ Timothy Langdon, Judge as 
aforesaid considered, & by him decreed, that the s"* sloop 
with her Appur'^®^ & Cargo, are forfeit, that the same be sold 
at Publick Vendue, & that of the monies thence arising the 
charges of trial & Condemnation, being Eight pounds, seven- 
teen shillings & nine pence be paid to James Cargill the Pro- 
ponant, & that the residue of the Proceeds of the same, after 
deducting Sherriffs fees, be paid to the said deptors, or their 
Attorneys or Agents for the Benefit of said Captors — 

Att N'ath^ Thwing Clerk 

A True Coppy as appears of Record 

Examin'd p'" ISTath' Thwing Clerk 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 15 

Order of General Court. 

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Eepresentatives JSTov"" 3: 1780 
Ordered that Col. CofHn & Col. Dawes with such as the 
Hon Senate shall join be a Committee to take into Consid- 
eration a Letter from Joseph Gardner & report what is best 

to be done thereon 

Caleb Davis Speaker 
Sent up for Concurrence 
In Senate Xov"- 2>^ 1780 

Read k Concurred & Sam' Mather Esq"" joined — 

Jere Powell Pres^ 



Report of Committee in re Penobscot Indians, and Resolve 
By General Court. 

In the House of Representatives Xov 4, 1780 
The Committee on the Petition of Col Josiah Brewer k 
of Orana & others Chiefs of the Penobscot Tribes of Indians 
take leave to report the following Resolves 

viz^ In Consideration of the Attatchment and Services of 
the Penobscot Tribe of Indians, and the Advantages of their 
Connection & Trade, ^Resolved That the Commissary 
General be & hereby is directed to make Provision for the 
Accomodation & Subsistence of the Person whom the French 
Consul has recommended, on his Way to join the Penobscot 
Tribe in Order to reside with them as an Instructor — and 
to procure k deliver to Col Josiah Brewer for the Use of the 
Indian (Jhiefs now in the Town of Boston, the following 
Articles viz' one Regimental Coat six Fire Arms six 
Pounds of Powder twenty four Pounds of Ball & Shot for 
their defence on their Return Home and the following 



16 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Articles for the Use of the Families of those who fell in 
Battle in the Service of the United States viz* twenty four 
yards of Strouds or Duffel t thirty six yards of Dowlass or 
coarse Linnen one Barrel of Pork & two Barrells of Flour — 
and the following Articles for Presents to the Tribe to be as 
equally as possible divided among them — under the Direc- 
tion of Col Brewer viz* one hundred Pounds Weight of 
Powder with four hundred Pounds Weight of Shot and Ball 
one hundred Jack knives and fifty Hatchets — and that the 
Commissary General be directed to make Sale of the Furrs 
now on Hand, & that such Part of the Produce thereof as 
may necessary be appropriated to the afore mentioned Pur- 
poses, reserving the Ballances in his Hands for Procuring 
such Stores, as this Court shall see fit to order for the Supply 
of the Garrison at Fort Halifax any Order or Resolve to the 

Contrary notwithstanding 

Caleb Davis Speaker 

Read & accepted — sent up for Concurrence 

In Senate Nov'" 6*'' 1780 

Read & Concurred 

Jer. Powell Presid* 

approv'd John Hancock 



Petition of Lucy Rittal. 

To his Excellency John Hancock Esq"" Governour of the 

Commonwealth of Massachus"^ and the Honorable the 

Council of said Commonwealth. — 

The Petition of Peletiah Freeman Humbly Sheweth — 

That to avoid the Enemy of the United States, He came 

from Penobscott the 20"' Ulti° with an Intent to Settle in 

some part of this Commonwealth unexposed to thair Deper- 

dations & Insults, that the mode of his quitting that place 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 17 

not Admitting of his taking his Family with him, he was 
rednced to the disagreeable i^ecessity of leaving behind him 
a Mother, Wife, and four Children, for whose removeal he 
Apply'd to Brigadier Gen : Wadsworth to Grant a Flag, who 
Tonceiving himself not Authorized to grant the request 
reconmiended your Petitioner to your Excellency & Honors 
whom he now Prays that he may be Allowed to send a Flag 
from Old York in this Commonwealth to Penobscott for 
the removal of his Family, Consisting as Above recited and 
your Petitioner in duty bound shall ever pray — 

Pelatiah freeman 

Boston Xov^ 8*\ 1780 

In Senate ^ov. Q'"" 1780 

Read and Advised that the Prayer of this Petition be so 
far granted that Pelatiah Freeman be and he hereby is per- 
mitted to proceed in the first Cartel that shall sail from this 
Port bound to JMajorbaggaduce for the purpose of removing 
his Family from thence into some part of this Common- 
wealth and the Conunissary of Prisoners is hereby directed 
to permit the Said Freeman to take Passage for the purpose 

aforesaid — 

John Hancock 
Attest John Avery D Secy 

Conmionwcalth of Massachusetts 

Council Chamber Nov 11"' 1780 
Whereas it halh l)een represented to his Excellency the 
Governour by Pelatiah Freeman late a resident at Penobscot 
that he was under the Disagreeable ISTecessity in Consequence 
of the 111 Treatment of the Enemy to leave his Family in a 
very destitute Situation and prays that a Flagg may bo 
granted to bring his Said Family from thence to the Town 
of York in the County of York. The Council advise that 
Pelatiah Freeman be permitted to send a Flagg to Major- 
baggaduce to be Conmianded by some Person that the Select- 



18 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

men of the Town of York shall approve off, for the purpose 
of bringing the Family of the Said Pelatiah Freeman con- 
sisting of his Mother Wife and four Children from thence to 
the Town of York in the County of York and Said Select- 
men are hereby directed to see that no more Men be shipped 
on Board Said Vessel than necessary to navigate her or 
Provisions or any other Articles more than suflEicient for said 
Voyage and to see that ^o Merchandize of any kind whatever 
be brought in Said Vessell on her Return excepting the 
Household Goods of the Said Freeman's Family, and to in- 
spect all Papers or Letters on Board previous to her sailing 
Attest John Avery D Secy 



Letter From J Allan. 

A Plan Proposed for the Military & other Business in 
the Indian Eastern Department — 

One Colon^ | Superintend' | & a Secretary 1 Major 1 Capt°l 
Capt° Lieutn' 2 First Lieuten^ 2 Second Lieut^ a Drum & Fife 
for the Departm* Three Serjents three Corporals — One Bom- 
bardier One Gunner One Drum & Fife Fifty privates — 
The Whole of the above, with what Indians may be Imploy'd 
from Time to Time, to be Incorporated into one Corps — 
the Unsteadyness of the Indians & their Fluctuating ways, 
it is Uncertain to Know How mayny will be in Service — 
But Highly Necessary for Officers with Ranque and Author- 
ity to be Continualy Amoung them on Military affairs & 
Negociating other Business 

The Indians are very Expencive Soldiers there is no Sat- 
isfying them when necessety Calls for their Assistance, & 
will for ever After — Any Piece of service is don return 
— In Consiquence it will be Best More Certain, & Much Less 
Expence to keep White Troops on duty — Keep the Indians 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 19 

a Hunting & onlv Call upon them when Immediately wanted 
the same as Militia — 

Tho the above be in one Core the duty which is Necessary 
will be difSrent, To Wt, Major Capt° Lieu' 1 first Lieu* 1 
Sz 1 Second Lieutenant one Drum & fife perticularly for the 
Indians — one Captain, on first Lieutn* & one Second Lieu* 
& the other White Troops for Garrisoning Fort Gates & 
other Temporary posts &q for the Indian Business, as also 
for the Care of the Artilary Here — & when Ordered Other- 
ways, the Business of the Indians being so Extensive- — -The 
diffirent Tribes & Villages N^ecessary to Be at from time to 
Time — requires that Coud this take place, and the Militia 
Eastward of Penobscut River be under proper Regulation 
Order & Command — it is presumed it would be fully suffi- 
cient to oppose any Enemy which at present coud Come 
Against this part of the Country — It is much more ad- 
vantageous in every Respect to have men Steady, it is Im- 
practicable to Do Business with out it — the Winter Employ 
being as much as Summer — & the Militia that Comes are 
no ways Calculated for such things tho they have done as 
much as can be Expected — 

The Company of Artilery under Lieu* Al])ee has not been 
full these two vears — as the small Encouragement the In- 
digent State & Extravagent prices of the Coimtry, is such 
that the men are most of the time unfit for Duty for want 
of Clothes otherwise we could get what men we please — It 
would 1)0 necessary if such a Company be raised that they 
have Cloa thing as other Troops in the Continental Service — 
But in order to have the Indians of any Service to the States 
& to prevent all Connection with the Enemy, some thing 
More Permanent than lias Been, Must be settled — Either 
1o keep them in the Service Continualy, or for Trade If 
llic former Largo Quantity of Provisif)n must be laid in, with 
Cloathing, If for Trade a Truck House with Largo Supply 



20 BOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

of Cloatliing, Ammimition & Some Provisions this Must be 
clone by Febuary or the Middle of March at furthest, for 
the Spring, & By the Last of Octob"" or Middle of N'ovemb'" 
at furthest for the Fall — The Trade of the Indians may be 
A'erry Great & verry Beneficial, But requires sutable & Time- 
ly Supplys, or the Trade is Lost if not Attended to at the 
proper Season — The Truck House Must be fixt on the River 
Skuduck at Passamaquody, which may be done with as Little 
Expence as any where — this being the center of the Indians 
Hunt and the Rout they Generaly Take when Coming to the 
Sea Coast from Hunting — If this is not done the Petty 
Traders | which Are every where with rum & other things 
of no Service to the Indians, which at present is the Case | 
Are Liable to take every thing. If the Trade is not all 
Commanded, the Indians will Run every where Steal their 
Trade & if any will supply them in Rum they Care not what 
is given, depending upon Assistance from the Public Stores, 
& if refused will go to S*^ Johns — and Must say Hitherto 
the Indians have Been Supported by Government for the 
Benefite & profite of Individuals — the Law to Prohibite the 
Trade is of N^o Service in the Department — Such a Veriety 
of Measures to be pursued in Civil Law, the Great Expence 
attending it, the Length of Time it takes and the distance of 
the Place where it Must Terminate, Makes it impossible for 
Persons in Public Service to do any thing in such Cases. 

Of the Two aforesaid propositions one must Certainly 
Take place if it is Expected the Indians will be of Service — 
That of Keeping them in the service, the Government has 
seen the Expence tho not Adequate to their Wants, nor what 
I Promised them — If for Trade there must be full supplys 
as before Mentioned — for if they Cannot Get Something 
Gratis, In the present State of Trade and if it Depends 
Upon their own Industry for subsistance they will Certainly 
Deal with those they Can Gete the most from. When if a 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 21 

Truck House is not sutably suppy'd By the States — tlie 
Britons will reap the Benifite, as their Stores are Generaly 
well furnished — and without doubt / am sorry to be Obliged 
to say it / Trades much More Honorable & Fair with them 

If Trade shoud be thought ]\[ost Expedient, and ISTot Con- 
vinent for Government to procure supply s, it will be much 
better to Give some Person an Exclusive Right to the Trade 
during the Warr Under Certain Rules & Restrictions, this 
woud Tend so much to the Interest of Govornm' as to Keep 
the Indians in the States Ready if wanted — 

In Calculating what may bo Wanting for the Trade, To 
Come as near as possible — 120 Famelys one with Another 
the Value of SO'*" Beaver each this is rather Under than Over 
for Spring — one third that Quantity in the fall — the sup- 
plys iSTecessary — being G enerally Known may be Calculated 
by this — 

There Must be also supplys Laid in for the payment of 
Indians for Any Services done & When Employ'd with pro- 
visions if Intended to have their Assistance in wars — 

The Setuation of the Department is such that it would be 
Requisite to have the Whole Business Transacted thro One 
Channel 1 as a More Accurate & Satisfactory Account Might 
be Keept — 

To have the Whole Business Laid Under Certain Re- 
straints & Regulations, & Some Certain Method fixed to 
Bring Delinquents to Justice — the Post being at such a dis- 
tance from where the Law is properly Executed, Recj aires 
this — 

In Eurnishiiig Provisions for the Whole Department as the 
distance and Risque is so Great — the Length of time it may 
Take in procureing it, Consiqnently Great Expencc in Col- 
lecting for Present Necessity — It is proposed that Pro- 
visions bo Laid in for Six ]\ronlhs, Bread kind two thirds in 
Indian Corn one third "Bread, Rice &; Mollasea — some Hogs 



22 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Fatt & Porck — the Beef and Greatest part of other Matters 
may be purchased in this Country at a More Cheaper rate 
than in Boston — the Risque & Freight Saved — Rum there 
Must Allways he, for Indians & other Services 

Coud it he Consistant with Order, and Government have 
such a person in the Management of the Business, on Whose 
Honour & Integrety they coud Confide — It woud be Ex- 
pedient that he shoud have the Whole Direction of the Busi- 
ness & to Make Such Alterations as might be Necessary for 
in such a Department persons may be Employd for such a 
perticular part by Government as may Not be Necessary for 
what is to be done — Before this summer persons where 
Only Employed as Occation Required — & payments Made 
Agreeable to What they Merited and Indeed the Business is 
of such a nature, that it is Requisite the Commanding officer 
Shoud Particularly Interfere in every Matter & the Whole 
to Go thro his Hands — 

The Department is at present in Want of Provisions & 
Supplys for Indians — not Two weeks Allowence in the 
Stores — about Fifty persons at present to Support on the 
spot Besides The Indians which Comes in, and When they 
Assemble for Councel, Expect Subsistance dureing the Time 

— Also Desertors and Prisoners dayly passing, which must 
be supported here & on their way westward — 

Powder is also wanting, the Indians Consuems a Great 
Quantity & some other Matters for Artillery and Utincels for 
the Use of the Garrison, a Memorand™ thereof herwith sent 

— An Armmourer is Much Wanting which is the most 
Beneficial Employment in the Staff Department — 

In Order to have that Part of the State Eastward of 
Penobscutt in Preparation & Posture for Defence — It being 
as it were Divided from the Other Part — to have some per- 
ticular Order for Assembleing the Militia When Orderd — 

The Indigent State of the Country & the scarseity of 



OF THE STATE OF MAI^TE 23 

Amunition Make it Difficult k in Some places Impossible 
for tlie ^Militia to Furnish Themselves — It woud be of the 
Greatest Service to have som^e Arms & Ammunition De- 
posited in each district for the Use of the Several Companys 
According to their Strength — & ISTot to be in Use, but on 
ISTecessarv Occations, & if Not Used to be Returnd — this 
Practised Under my own Command. 

It woud be Also Xecessary to have an Officer of ^lilitia on 
Command at Frenchmans Bay, to have the Immediate In- 
spection of that Part, to be al)le to Collect the Militia on a 
sudden Occation & Command any Troops sent from this part. 

This at Present Appears in General the Best Method for 
the Management of this Department and Secureing the 
Country Eastward of Penobscutt — The Whole is Submitted 
to the Ditermination of Government 

J Allan 



Doggett cC Jepsons Petitioti. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts j- To the Hon' Council Hon' 
Senate and Hon' House of Representatives sitting at 
Boston — is^v"" 1780 — 

The Petition of Benjamin Jepson &; Samuel Doggett 
humbly sheweth. — 

That they were owners of the Sloop called the Pigeon of 
eighty Tons burthen which was taken into the Government 
Service by the Board of War of said Commonwealth as a 
Transport for the Expedition to Penobscot on the 8"' Day 
of July 1779 and was chatered for Six pounds fifteen Shil- 
lings a I'oii l)y llic nunith wliidi was to have been paid within 
3 months from the time of her discharge or being lost or taken 
that the said Sloop was destroyed at said Penobscot being 



24 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

appraised before she sailed at £4400 in the then current 
Money unfortunately for said Doggett as the profits & Gains 
of which being the only means whereby he could support & 
maintain his family he having for eighteen months past been 
in so bad a State of Health as to render him incapable of any 
Business has been obliged to borrow Sums of Money to supply 
the wants of himself & family and has no ways or means to 
pay the same but upon the Receipt of the above Money The 
said Doggett being thus greatly distressed & not knowing by 
what means he can support his family during the ensuing- 
winter unless your Honors would interpose for his relief.^ — 
Your Honors took into consideration the distressing Circum- 
stances of said Doggett as alledged in the above Petition & 
ordered him to be relieved by the said Board of War and the 
said Board of War accepted to pay the same & are ready to 
pay it in War Office Certificates the depreciated Circum- 
stances of which are such as that they will not be of any the 
least Service or relief to him. Your Petitioners humbly 
pray your Honors again to take into Consideration the Cir- 
cumstances of a Suft'ering Inhabitant and order him to re- 
ceive if even a Part of the above in circulating Currency or 
in any other way to your Honors may seem just & wise. — 
And as in Duty bound your Petitioners will ever pray. — 
Benj^ Jepson Sam' Doggett 



Letter From John Allan. 

Indian Eastern Department 

Machias IvTovemb'" 2*^ 1780 
Sir 

I take the first safe Opportunity to Transmit to your Ex- 
cellency a Return of the State of this Department, and shall 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 25 

nt the same time take the Liberty to Make some Observations 
ill its setiiation at this Jiiiietiire, With some Occurrences 
which has happened — 

This Department, Being not as Yet fixt upon any Certain 
PLan, Xor Am I acquainted of the real Intention of Govern- 
ment — respecting it, Nor to Whome, I am Immediately Ac- 
countable for my Conduct Being Authorized by Congress as 
Agent to the Eastern Indians at the same time Coimnission'd 
in a Military Capasity, By the General Court of this State — 
Hitherto I have Transmitted IMatters, Both to the Con- 
tinental Commander of the Military & the General Court — 

The Head Quarters of the Department and the Principle 
Post Erected in Consiquence, Being within the Massachusetts 
and the Secureing the Interest of the Indians being more 
perticular for the Benefit of the Eastern Part of the State, I 
thought it my duty to Inform your Excellency of these 
perticulars — 

The Returns Here Inclosed I have Taken from the Sev- 
eral Persons Concerned, and as I Generaly Make myself 
interested with every Perticular Matter, it may be deppended 
Upon, the Whole to be Exact and Just — 

Your Excellency will see by this, the State of this post, on 
which Depends the State of the Country Eastward of Penob- 
scutt, and Secureing the Indians — Matters Are verry Visi- 
bly Changed within Eighteen Months Instead of having 
Suitable Assistance from the people, in opposeing the Enemy, 
There is a Necessity of Pursuing Measures to Stop the Con- 
nexion & Correspondence Between the Trading part & the 
Britons By which the Setuation of Our Country is Contin- 
ually Communicated to them, the security of the Country 
Hitherto, has Been by Preventing an Intercourse & ( -hock- 
ing every Appearence of it — so that tlie Enemy Coud never 
Know our real Strength, I>ut it is now quile othcrways — 
The Fanning & Common jicoph; are as Zealous in the Cause 



26 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

& Determind to Oppose as ever, But those who were Call'd 
the Leading Men have Turned to Another Object, & Pursue 
the Paths of | the Bane of America | of too Many on the 
Continent, Makeing Self the Predominant, By which the 
people in General Knows not which way to Turn or how to 
Act — 

Negotiations Began two years Ago, by some Persons to 
Supply the Britons with Lumber, which has Been Growing 
ever since, & which I have frequently Acquainted Govern- 
ment of, Hitherto I have been successful in suppressing it — 
By keeping Scouts of Indians & Others thro the Country 
— A Quantity of Boards & Masts is now at Frenchmans Bay 
& by Certain Inteligence from Baguaduce, the Enemy ap- 
pears determind to have as well as to seize Catle for the 
Use of their Garrison — Upon the Application of the Com- 
mittee for Assistance have Orderd Lieu* Col' Campbell of 
the Militia to take post there, and have detached of a Party 
of the Troops from this Post with a Piece of Artillery — It 
appears that this Lumber & Masts are paid for, in Consi- 
quence I orderd a Court of Inquiry to find Out the Certainty, 
& if the Case to seize it, or if other ways to secure it — 

Passamaquody about thirty Miles Eastward of this is a 
nest of Villiany in Negociating Business with the Enemy — 
The Toleration given by Granting Clearences for Vessells 
from the Massachusetts and l^ew Hampshire, opens a door 
to Carry on every Illicite Matter — Runaways, Express &c, 
shelterd & forwarded every thing in Trade and Politics 
ISTegociated thro this Channell — Add to this it is the only 
Adjacent place for the Indians to Hunt, & I Cliuse Generaly 
to Keep them there, as it Diminishes the Expence of Pro- 
visions & Much More Agreeable to the Indians — Here the 
Emissarys of Britain Probagate reports Amoung and Under 
handedly Discourages the Indians from serving America, 
The Itinerant Traders, Gets the Greatest part of their Trade, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 27 

which they turn to either side as may be Most Beneficial — 
I am some times Under the Greatest Disadvantage in Trans- 
acting Business & which Generaly Tends to bring on heavy 
Expences to keep them quiet — The Trade of Fishery of this 
place is Advantageous, but must be under proper restraint to 
be Beneficial to the States — it is at present under the Juris- 
diction of i^ovascotia &: the Law of that Government is in 
force & frequently Executed — British Cruizers often there 

— a Ship of Twenty Guns v»'as Loaded there a Short Time 
xVgo — The Movement I made upon the Occation & since has 
prevented others that was Expected — this Ship saild six 
hours before I got there, having had Inteligence of my Com- 
ing, tho sett of in the night, as Secrete as Possible. 

I have Hitherto Protected that part as some of the In- 
habitants have Been verry Beneficial in helping the Indians 

— relying allways Upon their sanguine Atteachment to the 
States, but this Summer Occular Demonstration has Con- 
vinced, that they are not deserving such Protection — 

My Unhappy Situation for want of Men has Prevented 
ivlany from being brot to Justice, tho Matters Apear Clear 
against them — there is no way to pursue to Conviction, 
without Aprehending them in the Act, as the Group of those 
Conected & Concerned Use every Means to Suppress these 
things from being brot to Light — 

Upon the Whole, as a servant to the States think it iny 
duty to Recommend to Your Excellency, as of Great Con- 
siquence for the Safety of the Eastern Country & to prevent 
the Advantages the Enemys Reaps by Inteligences thatPassa- 
maquody may be Under some other Regulations & Restraints, 
& some Arbitrary Measures to stop the Evil — 

The Toleration also Given to People to settle Business in 
Nova Scotia is very Detrim('iit;il lo iIk; I'uMic Interest. I 
know myself several that has liiid it these three years, »i; 
whome I know certain lias ( onqWcalcd their lousiness some 



28 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Time Ago Do Still Under that former Sanction go Back- 
wards & forwards as they Please, By this Another Evil 
Arrises, which is a disconragement to the Good Subjects in 
this Quarter the Martial Law's Being Established in the 
County of Lincoln, and the necessity of Keeping Matters 
Under some Regulations, I have Laid restraints on peoples 
going to Passamaquody without a Passport in which is every 
persons name who goes, in Boat or Vessells, with Certain 
Restrictions, these People with Permission often Makes their 
Appearence, the people in General Knows their Business, 
But they appear to Defy every Authority In Consiquence 
the quiet & Peaceable Inhabitants, who are only procuring 
a Little Fish for the Suport of their Famelys Views them- 
selves the Only Persons who suifers any Evil which Arrises 
from the Law — 

The situation of Indian Affairs I cannot at Present Trans- 
mit to Your Excellency, as I have Not had a Conference for 
some time. I Expect a General Meeting the 15^*" of the 
Mounth at Passamaquody, where I intend to have a Gen' 
Settlement of every Matter & form upon such Methods as 
may Best Appear for future Conduct — 

The Steps taken by the Britons the past Summer has 
Occationed much Confusion Amoung them & Made them so 
imsteady that if a proper Attack had been Made by the 
Enemy, the Country Must without Doubt, fell into their 
Hands — 

During my Agency every Method has been pursued by 
the Enemys offering presents, pay, Premiums and the Like, 
but by the Smiles of Providence, have not taken effect — 
this Summer, General Haldimand Engaged some of those 
Indians, who had escaped General Sulivan, to Carry Belts 
of Wampum for Warr Amoung the Eastern Indians that it 
was their ditermination to fall upon the Eastern parts of this 
State to gete satisfaction — Desireing the Assistance of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 29 

the Eastern Indians, or if not to draw off from the Ameri- 
cans, otherwise if fonnd Amoung th.em they woud suffer, 
as a General Massacre was Intended, that 1500, now As- 
sembled for that purpose — this seem'd to take some Effect, 
& fi'om jMarch last to Scptemb'' CA'ery Tree or Leaf seen to 
Shake, by a Squaw or papoose, was the Mohawks Coming ] 
It may be Observed that Indians are much more Affraid of 
their own Coulas*, when Coming x\moung Famelys to attack 
than other People Knowing their Ov/n Customs of Cruelty | 
— I was fully senseable of the foundation of the Matter by 
private Inteligence — I Continued five weeks in their Vil- 
lage, during the Time, Public Conferences every day — Ex- 
press often, from Penobscutts, Micmacks & the Confines of 
Canady, finily I Persuaded them to the Contrary — and 
proposed that Deputys from each Tribe shoud be sent to 
Canady to know the Certainty — which was agreed to & put 
in Execution — thing Being thus Quieted — I Return'd to 
Mechias Upon some Business which Required my Attend- 
ence — seven days after, Return'd to Passamaquody same 
day of my Arrival, An Express Came from a Priest, with 
all the Pompe & Majesty necessary to Excite the Indians — 
their Seal & Begotry was such that it Got the Better, and all 
I coud Argue or Say — far Difiirent than I was before ac- 
customed to — they Gave me a Positive Answer they Must 
go & see the Priest, but for nothing Else — I found it Neces- 
sary from ISTecessity to Coincide — It appears they have not 
N"egociatcd any thing with the l^ritons, nor Do I think any 
woiid joiiie — But by drawing them off Leaves the Country 
Open, Gives Great Encouragcniieiit to ihe Enemy as the In- 
dians were their only dread iKiforo — A Great Part of tlunii 
has drawn off in the Lakes Back of PassaiiiiKiuoiIy, hut none 
of any Consi(|iiciicc have Lccii in licre since the Expresses 
are Continualy K(;oi)M up, cV .Mutual IMcdges of Friendship 
• Class? 



30 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Allways Passes — the Death of Ambroise, which there is 
every Reason to supose was poisoned, Occations ]\Iuch Spec- 
ulation Amoung them | and By their not Meeting me before 
now I Immagine they Are Consulting About that Affair, as 
my Express has been about three V7eeks Gone & ISTo Answer 
— at present only Twenty five Wigwams at Passamaquody — 

You will have Laid before your Excellency, a Plan for 
the Military and other Matters of this Department, which I 
Humbly Submit for your Excellency's Perusal — By Experi- 
ence I have found the Methods allready pursued, no way of 
Advantage to the Business & which has accumulated the 
Expence — 

The Indian & Military affairs in the Department have 
been a Complixt Matter — the supplys have been Laid in 
for the diffirent uses, the Great Deffeciencys always of both, 
the necessity of a receprocal assistance, & the whole being 
under my Command, obliged to Take from the one to help 
the other to Enable me to Execute the \'^arious Bussiness — 
The Manner of Laying in the Supplys of this Department 
has Occassioned Methods verry Diffirent from the Rule in 
Other places, nor was it possible to do business otherways — 
Nothing Coud be purchased for Money — The Inhabitants' 
in General only a Bare Sufficiency for their support, Con- 
siquently coud not spare thing only on Conditions of Re- 
turning, the necessity of Keeping a Good Understanding 
with the people to prevent the Enemy from Reaping certain 
Advantages by jarring & Contentions, Compelld me to do 
this — so that during my Agency Bartering & Changeing has 
been the Case Continualy — 

Your Excellency will Please observe, that the Time of tlic 
Troops on duty here that Came from the Westward, is out in 
three weeks, By which there will not Exceed fifteen men for 
the defence of this Post and Transacting the Indian Busi- 
ness — there can be no Dependence on the Militia for Garri- 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 31 

son Duty — for when any Are demanded Altercations 
Arrises <S: Inflamed by men of not the Best Principles for 
America abont the Lawfullness of such things — \vhich 
Arrises to a sufficient Excuse to dispute Going on duty — it 
Generaly Terminates so, as to be of no service or Use — We 
have several Times been threaten'd, but thro a Kind Provi- 
dence been preserved, But at this Time there appears as much 
danger than at any time before, of surprizeing this Post — 
tho Accounts Are sometimes Vague, Still there is a Suffi- 
ciency to prove the Certainty — General Clinton having 
Engag'd with one Farnum for a Considerable Premium to 
sieze me — this Man — arrived at Bagauduce in a Ten Gun 
Schooner About three weeks ago, who was to assist him in 
the Execution, which was to l)e done in the night with Boats, 
but two young men belonging this way, having made their 
Escape from the Schooner, Gave me Immediate Advice, 
which I presume stoped them for the present — Other steps 
of the Kind has been Trvd with the Indians who have 
Hitherto Refused the Celebrated Col" formerly Major 
Rogers passing & Repassing Constantly in Boats that from 
these Circumstances Amoung Many Others — I have every 
Reason to Suppose some attempt will be made when the 
Troops are Discharged 

I must therefore Recommend in the Strongest ]\ranner 
to Your Excellency that some Arrangement May be made 
in this Department more than has hitherto been, & some as- 
sistance Immediately sent for the secureing this Post & 
Country & the Interest of the Indians — or if not Imme- 
diately Under Your Excellencys Jurisdiction, must soUcitc 
your assistance in having it Executed — 

M"" Avery who has Been some lime in iJostoii jiad my 
orders to Imxc ;i jjrojx'i- !iiTaiig(!ment made, what has been 
done I have not yet heard but at ])r('sciit must TfecomnHMid 
the plan Herewith sent 



32 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

The Inclosed plans of the Situation of Fort Gates is not 
verry Ellegantly Drawn, but pretty Accurate, will I flater 
myself Give your Excellency an Idea of it — 

Your Excellency will please Excuse the Length & Incor- 
rectness of my Letter, being Anxcious to give every In- 
formation, but the Hurry of Business which Surrounds me, 
prevents my doing of it so as to be Less Tedious — I can only 
Take an Oppertunity now & then to Huddle it Together — 

Capt" Preble Second in Command, in Indian Affairs & 
who Goes Commander of the Schooner I^eshquowoit will 
have the Honour of Delivering your Excellency this — He 
will be Capable to Inform of Any News & other perticulars. 

I have the Honor to Be with the most Profound Respect 
Your Excellency s 

Most Obed* and very hb' serv*^ 

J Allan 

J^Tovember 9*'' 1780. 

The Schooner not being in a situation to Depart before this 
Evening Have just Received a report by Express from Col° 
Campbell, that the preparations made had deter'd the Enemy 
to Attempt any thing at Frenchman's Bay. That the Militia 
that way had behaved with great Spirit — -That the Court of 
Inquiry Coud not find out Certain proof that the Lumber was 
paid for. But that many Circumstances Corroborated, that 
in their oppion it was British property, there is about 180,000 

ft of Board — about 80 fine masts & sparrs 

That & saild from Bagaduce as a Convoy of a Mast Ship 
going to River St John's to Load from thence to Halifax 
These mails I have acquanted You of before also a ISTumber 
of Prizes with him This fleet was seen of Maehias Last 
Sunday I amigine will pass Cape Sable in Ten days from 
this — 

That a Ten Gun Schooner & Two smaller were Cruizing 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 33 

of Crambery Island, Mount Desert to Intercept some Ves- 
sells Bound from this — So far the Report 

I have ordered Col° Campbell to remove the Lumber & 
]\[ails to a place of Safety — This day Three Vessels with 
Considerable property sailed from this for westward — The 
Neashquowoit sails tomorrow 

In Senate iS^v"- 7''' 1780 

Read & thereupon ordered that Stephen Choate & Joseph 
Dorr Esq""^ with such as the Hon*"'^ House shall join be a 
Committee to consider this Letter with the papers accom- 
panying the same and make report what may be proper to be 
done thereon 

Sent down for Concurrence 

Jer: Powell, Presid* 
In the House of Representatives Nov"" IS'^ 1780 

Read Sz concurred & Mr Lombard, Col° Taylor & M"" Lewis 

are joined 

Caleb Davis Spk^ 



Petition of Saml Freeman et als. 

To The Hon''''' Senate and the Honorable House of Repre- 
sentatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

The Petition of the Proprietors of a Tract of Land ''be- 
ginning at the little River N^ewechewanaog River over against 
Humphry Chadbourne (late whilst he lived at Kittery) his 
Log House and from thence upon an Imaginary Line to Cape 
Porpus River l)eing by computation, Twenty Miles, and so 
from thence upon Imaginary Lines to make it up Twenty 
Miles Square" derived from Francis Small late of Truro in 
the County of Barnstable Fisherman deceasd — humbly 
shews 

That said Proprietors are informed that the Proprietors 
of a Township held under tlio Title of ^Fnj. Nicholas Shap- 



34 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

leigh whose Right was derived from the above named Francis 
Small have petitioned the Gener' Court to have said Town- 
ship incorporated — 

That your Petitioners are not knowing of any proper and 
legal Division which has been made between them and the 
rightful Heirs of the said Francis Small. It is true an 
Agreement was made the IT'*' August 1773 with the Heirs 
of said Shapleigh by M"" Samuel Small Jun'" and a number 
of others who called themselves Heirs of the abovesaid 
Francis Small. But it is in the Opinion of your Petitioners 
attended with such extraordinary Circumstances that it ought 
not to be consider'd as a fair and proper Title to the Town- 
ship it was intended to set off to the said Shapleighs Heirs 

We are willing notwithstanding they shou'd have a Town- 
ship in the Westerly Part of the aforesaid Tract- — but we 
do not think it right that they should extend it Easterly so 
far as the bounds they have proposed — 

Your Petitioners therefore humbly pray that said Town- 
ship may not be incorporated until they shall have an oppor- 
tunity to be heard upon the subject — and such Bounds 
settled as will be just & reasonable between the Parties. 

And as in Duty bound your Petitioner will ever pray — 

Sam^ Freeman ] 

Peter Woodbery }■ Committee 

Daniel Strout J 

By order of said Proprietor 

Falmouth 'Now 2 1780 



Petition Saml Freeman et als. 

To The Honorable Senate and the Honorable House of 
Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 
The Petition of the Subscribers a Committee of the Pro- 
prietors of a Tract of Land ''beginning at the little River 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 35 

IS'ewechewanoag River over against Humphry Cbadbourne 
(late whilst he lived at Kittery) his Log House, and from 
thence upon an Imaginary Line to Cape Porpus River, being 
by computation twenty Miles and from thence upon imagin- 
ary Lines to make it up twenty Miles Square" late belonging 
to Francis Small deceasd, humbly shews — 

That said Proprietors being desirous of settling their 
Lands and having the Bounds thereof between their claim 
and Lands belonging to the Government, ascertained, peti- 
tion'd the General Court, sometime since, to take measures 
for determining the same. 

That they have appointed your Petitioners a Committee 
to run out said Claim, in order that the Settlement thereof 
may be promoted. 

Your Petitioners therefore, in behalf of said Proprietors, 
humbly pray that your Excellenc}' & Honours wou'd revive 
their Petition above referrd to, which is now on the Files of 
the late Honorable House of Representatives, and take such 
Order thereon as to your Excellency and Honours shall seem 
meet — And your Petitioners as in Duty Bound will ever 
pray — 

Sam' Freeman 
Peter Woodbery 
Daniel S trout 

Falmouth J^ov' 2 1780 

At a Meeting of the Proprietors of a Tract of Land be- 
ginning at the little River I^ewechewanaog River over 
against Humphry Chadboume (late whilst he lived at Kit- 
tery) his Log House, and from thence upon an Imaginary 
Line to Cape Porpus River, being by computation Twenty 
Miles and so from tlioncc upon Imaginary Lines to make it 
up Twenty Miles Square: derived from Francis Small late 
of Truro in tlio County of Barnstable Fisherman dcceas'd — 
held at the house of M" Alice Grcoly Timholder in Falmouth 



36 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

in the Coimtj of Cumberland; 24'^ October 1780, Voted 
Unanimously to run out or cause to be run out the Claim of 
the Proprietors, and that. Samuel Freeman Esq"" Peter Wood- 
bery and Daniel Strout be a Committee for that purpose that 
the Committee aforesaid be directed to Inquire if the General 
Court have taken any order on the Petition of said Pro- 
prietors prefer'd in June last, and if it is not their Honors 
pleasure to take Order thereon, that said Committee be and 
are hereby directed to proceed on the business Assign'd them 
without delay. Voted that the Committee be directed to pre- 
fer a petition to the General Court — in such terms as they 
shall think proper Praying that Shapleigh Town may not be 
incorporated according to the bounds Express'd in their 
Petition — 

Attest Tho. Childs Prop" Clerk 



Petition of Josiah Brewer. 

Boston N'ov. 1780 

To the Honorable the Senate and the Honorable the House of 
Representatives of the Common Wealth of Massachu- 
setts, in Court Assembled 
The Petition of Josiah Brewer Truck Master at Fort 
Hallifax — Humbly Sheweth That the Honorable General 
Court having Resolved on the 4'^ inst That the Commissary 
General be and hereby is directed to make provision for the 
Accommodation and Subsistance of the person whom the 
French Consul has recommended on his way to Joyn the 
Penobscot Tribe in order to reside with them as an Instruct- 
or" and no order being Taken with Respect to his Support 
during his residence in the Eastern Countrey. Your Peti- 
tioner requests of the Honorable Court, That the said Juni- 
per Berthiaune, Recollet be put under the Direction of the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 37 

Commanding officer, in the Eastern District, and have such 
support allotted and ordered to him as to your Honors may 
seem fitt — Your Petitioner further begs leave to Repre- 
sent to your Honors that the Stores & Merchandize which he 
has on hand belonging to the Common Wealth for the pur- 
pose of Carrying On A Truck Trade with the said Indians 
are not sufficient for the Purpose of supplying them, and 
receiving the Advantage of the Furrs which they Usualy 
bring to the Truck house for sale or Exchange, for Mer- 
chandize and Stores from this time, to The Spring Ensuing, 
and inasmuch as the Continuance of the Supply is of Im- 
portance to the Common Wealth in Strengthening the at- 
tachment of the said Tribe to our Interest We humbly 
request the Honorable Court to give orders for his being 
supplied with the following articles, 

2 bbl Sugar 2 bb' Mollasses 2 hh'^^ Bread 2 lb Shot 1 lb Pow- 
der 4 yd' Baze 6 y"^' Linnen 100 Blankets 8 yd' Shrouds 2 
yd' Broad Cloth 1 hh'^ Tobacco 50 y"'^ Quality 20 yds Rib- 
band 10 doz Jack knives 6 y**' Calleco 2 y**' Cambrick 10 lb 
Brimstone 100 Worms for Guns 30 Small brass Kittles 100 
Doz Flints 60 " Brass Wire 20 doz fish hooks 1 Box hard 
Soap 2 doz Hatchets 10 doz Handkerchiefs And your peti- 
tioner as in Duty bound shall Ever Pray &c 

Josiah Brewer 



Resolve of General Court. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Represent it ivcs Nov''*''- 7 1780 

on the Petition of a Number of the Inhabitants of the 

Town of Thomaston in the County of Lincoln Seting forth 

their Distressed Situation on Account of the Enimy in that 

Quarter whereby their usual Supplies are in a Manner cut 



38 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

of: which Renders Many of the Inhabitants uterly unable 
to Pay their Taxes at Present 

Therefore Resolve that the one Moiety or half Part of all 
the Taxes Set to the Said Town of Thomaston Since the first 
Day of May Last be abated: and the Treasurer of this Com- 
mon Wealth be and he hereby is Directed to Suspend the 
Calling on Said Town for more then the one half of the afore 
said Taxes ^ ^'untill the further order of the General 
Court" — 
Read &; accepted 

Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speaker 

In Senate N'ov'" 7'^^ 1780 

Read & Concurred with the following amendment at A viz 
dele the words '"^untill the further order of the General Court" 
Sent down for Concurrence 

Jer: Powell Presi*^* 

In the House of Representatives Nov"" 7, 1780 
Read & concurred 

Caleb Davis Speaker 
Approv'd John Hancock 



Representation of Phillip Audehert. 

To the Hon*"^® the Senetors And House Representatives 

John Lucas Com®'"^ of Pensioners for this State In behalf 
of Phillip Audebert A Meren On bord the Armed Brigenten 
Hazard belong^ in the Service of the State, and who was 
wounded, 17"" July 1779, As Appers by his Certificates 

John Lucas 
Pension office at Boston, 8'^ Nov^ 1780 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 39 

Resolve Directing the Convmissary Oev} 

The Committee appointed to consider what further Sup- 
plys be granted to the Indian Chief now in the Town of 
Boston takes leave to report the following Resolve 

Viz 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 
In the House of Representatives ISTov 9 1780 

Resolved, That the Commissary General be & he hereby is 
directed to furnish a Pair of Shoes & a Coat to each of the 
five Indian Chiefs now in the Town of Boston — 
Read & accepted 

Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speaker 
In Senate Nov"" 9'*^ 1780 

Read & concurred Jer. Powell Pres' 

Approv'd John Hancock 

Resolve making an Establishment of the Troops at Machias. 

The Committee of Both Houses on the Petition of James 
Avery, have attended that Service, hear'd the Petitioner and 
take Leave to report on the several Matters contained in said 

Petition, by way of Resolve. 

E Brooks p'' order 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Nov' lO'*' 1780 

Resolved That the Pay-Rolls of the Troops at Machias 
Except those called Dyers Rangers since June 1*^ 1779, be 
made up as follows, viz each private Soldier at forty Shil- 
lings per ]\Ionth in Bills of the new Emission, and their 
Officers in the same Proportion according to the Continental 
Establishment — 

And it is further Resolved, That the Pay-Roll of the 
Troops called Cap* Dyers Rangers, raised by Order of Coun- 



40 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

cil in January last, be made up at six Shillings per Month, 
in the Bills of the new Emission, to each Private and their 
Officers in the same Proportion at six shillings bases to forty 
shillings according to the Continental Establishment and that 
Customary Rations be allow'd them they having found their 
own Provisions. 

And it is further Resolved, That those Men in the Artil- 
lery Company under the Command of Lieu^ Albee, who have 
been in the Service near three years, and still continue in 
the Service, have the Depreciation of their wages made up 
to them in the same manner and Proportion as other Con- 
tinental Troops 

And it is further Resolved, That the Officers & Soldiers 
under the Command of Col. Allen, who are engaged during 
the War, and have been in service more than three years, 
have the depreciation of their wages made up to them, in 
manner and form as expressed in the foregoing Resolve — 
and that the Board of War deliver to the officers a Sute of 
Clothes each on the same Terms, other Continental Officers 
have received them. 

And whereas Colo Allen has been under a Necessity of 
Borrowing Provisions for the use of the Troops and Indians 
under his Command, as by his Returns appears; and there 
remains a Balance still due to him therefore 

Resolved, That the Board of War be directed to Receive 
and Examine said Returns, and to furnish Col. Allen with 
the several Articles necessary to Compleat the Payment of 
s'' borrow' d Provisions 

And whereas Col. Alexander Campbell has been employed 
in the publick Service the greater part of the Time since 
Dec" 1778, therefore 

Resolved That there be paid out of the publick Treasury 
of this Commonwealth to said Col° Campbell the Sum of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 41 

Forty Pounds in the Bills of the new Emission in Considera- 
tion of his past Services to this Time 

And it is further Resolved, That the Rev'' James Lyon be 
intituled to Receive Two Rations p"" day out of the Publick 
Stores in Consideration of his officiating as a Chaplin to the 
Troops at Machias untill further Orders of the General 
Assembly 

And it is further Resolved, That there be allow'd and 
pay'd to Cap* Stephen Smith out of the Publick Treasury 
the Sum of Eight Pounds per month in Consideration of his 
Service as Commissary from the Time of his Appointment 
in the year 1777 to this Time; and that there be paid to 
William Tupper Clerk to the s'^ Commissary the Sum of 
Three Pounds per Month for his Service, each Payment to 
be in Bills of the new Emission. 

And it is further Resolved that there be paid out of the 
Publick Treasury the sum of Four Hundred Pounds, in 
Bills of the new Emission to Col° Allen or his order to defray 
the Charges that have accrued since his Accounts have been 
made up ; and also such Charges as may arise hereafter, said 
Allen to be accountable for the same in the next Settlement 
of his Acc'^ A 
In Senate Nov"" 8'^ 1780 
Read & Sent down 

Jer^ Powell Pres* 
In the House of Representatives oSTov'' 15"" 1780 
Read & accepted 

Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speaker 
In Senate Xov"" 15"' 1780 

Read & Concurred with an Amendment at A viz 
A insert the several Sums to be charged to the Continent 
Sent down for Concurrence 

Jere. Powell Pres* 



42 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

In the House of Representatives ISTov"" 15''^ 1780 
Read & concurred 

Caleb Davis Spk"" 
W* drawn 'Noy' 29'^^ ins' for £400 

Approv'd John Hancock 
W drawn Nov"" 24 ins* for £40 — in favor Col° Alex'' 
Campbell — 

Petition of Peletiah Freeman and Order Thereon. 

Pownalborough Nov*" 11*^ 1780 
Coll° Ezra Taylor Esq"" Sir I intreat the favors of you 
to present the inclosed Petition to the Great and General 
Court and use your Intrest, %l all your friend — to Gitt my 
husban Liberated form Goal & from his Bonds that he may 
Return to his Distressed Numerous family & many of them 
Small there is a hard Winter a-coming on & with the Greatest 
Industery & frugalety people Cant but Jest Live in this Cold 
Climat & my husbans Disorder, of Asseme that at Times we 
think he Cant Live, the Vessel — that our Son James was in 
foundered at See We herd & Saved in the Boat & taken up 
&, then taken & carried into Captiverty, So that increases our 
Great Trouble, I petitioned General Wadsworth and Received 
his answer which is as follows Viz" headQuarters Thomas- 
ton 26 Ocf 1780 Mad"" I have Jest Received your Letter 
in behalfe of your husban who unfortinately for me & more 
so for you, is Repersented as an Enemy to his Country, You 
may be assured that no undue advantage will be Taken of 
Small Indiscretions provided on Tryal (which will be soon at 
this place) he does not appear to be the man he is Repersented 
to be I am with sentements of Compassion Mad"" M" Rittal 
A Copy Your most Obed' P. Wadsworth B. Gen" 

My husban is Still in Goal & his f amely in Great Distress 
as well as himselfe & I beleave you are Knowing to the Truth 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 43 

of part of the Petition that he & his hath don for the Country 

& nothing against it. Your favour in this &c will lay both 

my husban & me & famely under Great obligations and am 

Sir your Devoted 

humV Servent Lucy Rittal 



Resolve making an Estahlisliment for Juniper Bertheaum. 

The Committee on the Petition of Co' Josiah Brewer have 
attended that Service, & take Leave to report the following 
Resolves Viz* 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives JSrov*" 11''' 1780 — 

On the Petition of Col Josiah Brewer Truck master at 
Fort Hallifax on Kennebeck River, 

Resolved, That Juniper Berthiaune, Recollet, the Instruc- 
or recommended by the French Consul, to reside with the 
Penobscot Tribe of Indians, be put under the Direction of 
the Commanding Officer of the Eastern District and that he 
be allowed & paid for his Services in Establishing the said 
Trible in the Interest of America the Sum five Pounds of the 
new Emission per Month & two Rations p"" Day until the 
further order of the Gen' Court & in Consideration of the 
Benefits resulting to the Commonwealth from the Friendship 
of the said Indians, & for Continuing the Trade with them, 
it is further Resolved, That a Sum not exceeding five hun- 
dred Pounds of the new Emission be granted & paid to the 
Commissary General of this Commonwealth, the same to be 
by him appropriated to the Purchase of such Articles as ho 
shall find necessary for carrying on the Truck Trade at Fort 
Halifax — 

And that the goods be procured & forwarded with all pos- 
sible Dispatch to Fort Western there to remain subject to 



44 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Order of the said Col Brewer to be by him disposed of 
in Exchange for Furrs & Skins the same to be by him re- 
mitted to the Commissary General — Said Brewer to be ac- 
countable for the said Goods — 
Read & accepted 

Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speaker 

In Senate N'ov^ 11''^ 1780 
Read & Concurred 



Jer: Powell Presid^ 



Approv'd John Hancock 
Warrant drawn for £500 — 14''^ ins* 



Letter of W" Frost. 

Falm° N"ov^ 14'*' 1780 
May it please y"" Honours 

The masts belonging to you in my care I observe decay 
fast on ace' of the rents on the side which is out of Water & 
has been exposed to the Sun should they lay another season 
will not be worth shipping, they are now in my dock which 
probably will freeze in a fortnight, so that they cannot easily 
be got out in the winter. Should you incline to send them 
oif this Winter I can now get them to a place where they may 
be come at, at any Time — can also procure, what is deficient 
to load a ship of five hundred tons by the first good sleding 
or in the course of the Winter the masts are so defective al- 
ready that they must be considerably reduced: if you con- 
clude to send a Ship, please to inform me thereof by the first 

Post. I remain y"" very h' S' 

W™ Frost 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 45 

Resolve on the Peiition of Benj jepson. 

Conimoii Wealth of Massachusetts 

in the House of Repentatives — Nov"" 15 — 1780 
On the Petition of Benj. Jepson & S Dogget Resolved that 
the Prayer of the Pitition he Granted &, that the Board of 
Warr be directed to Settle & pay them as soon as they can 
agreeable to Charter party alowing them Depreciation on the 
Sum due from the Time they ought to have been paid their 
mony according to the Rule of Depreciation. 



Resolve Directmg the Committee on Acc^* 

Common Welth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives IvTov' le*** 1T80 
The Committee appointed to Consider Certain Gaurds at 
Falmouth Bay Leave to Report By Way of Resolve — 

Resolved that the Gaurds on the Sea Coast at Falmouth 
be made up the same Rations as the other Corps are made 
the Comand of General Wads worth at the Eastern Depart- 
ment and the Committee on accounts are Directed to Settle 
with the Commissary accordingly 
Read & accepted 

Sent up for concurrence Caleb Davis Spk"" 
In Senate Nov"" 16'*' 1780 

Read & Concurred Jer* Powell, Pres' 

Approv'd John Hancock 



'Thomas Town et al to Col. Taylor. 

Falmouth Gole NoV lO'*- 1780 
Sr w(! have tbis opertunity 1o in ioi'inc you of our Histresd 
Siircumstanst in being taken as prizners and caricd to Fal- 
moufli and tliare put into Close Gole and Confine! thcar wifli- 



46 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

out a Trial we have aplied twice to the Gen" for trial but 
cant Get it we have offerd Bondsman for our apearince. 
When Ever called or go to Camden our Selves thearfore we 
pray your Honer would lay our Sitation Before the Genarl 
Cort from your Humble Ser^ by the favour Doc* Shepard 

Thomas Town 
Francis Ridle 
To Coir Ezra Taler in Boston 



Resolve on Certificates From Gen^ Wadsworth. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives E'ov'" 20, 1780 
Whereas it appears from two Certificates from Brig'' Gen- 
eral Wadsworth dated Head Quarters, Falmouth July IS**" 
1780 That he was under the ISTecessity of purchasing of 
Mr Jacob Haskell forty two Bushels of Indian Corn ; and of 
M"" Moses Bradbury forty eight Bushels of Indian Corn at 
sixty five Dollars the old Currency per Bushel, for the Use 
of the Troops at Cambden, and as the said Jacob Haskell 
and Moses Bradbury are Collectors of Taxes for the town of 
Gloucester in the County of Cumberland, and Collected said 
Corn of the Inhabitants who were indebted for their Taxes. 
Therefore Resolved that the Treasurer of this Common 
Wealth be and he is hereby Authorized & Directed to Dis- 
charge the Said Jacob Haskell for the sum of Eight Hun- 
dred & nineteen pound ; and the said Moses Bradbury the 
sum of Xine Hundred & thirty six pounds out of the Taxes 
due from them as Collectors of Taxes for the Town & County 
aforesaid to this Common Wealth ; and that the two above 
Mentioned Sums of the Old Emission be charged to the Con- 
tinent for the Use of the Troops in the Eastern Department 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 47 

under the Command of Brig^ Gen' Wadsworth Any Law or 

Resolve to the Contrary Notwithstanding 

Read & sent up for Concurrence 

Caleb Davis Spk"" 

Warrant drawn Novb. 24*'^ 1780 

In Senate A^v" 20*^ 1780 

Read & Concurred 

Jer: Powell Pres*^ 

Approv'd John Hancock 

Resolve Directing the Treasurer. 

Commonwealth of Mass"^ 

In Senate I^ov" 21, 1780 
Ordered — That Jahleel Woodbridge Esq. with such as 
the Honble House shall join be a Committee to take into 
Consideration the Overtax of the Town of Washington being 
much more than their equal Proportion since the last ap- 
portionment of Taxes upon the several Towns of this Com- 
monwealth in Consequence of the Representation made by 
said Town and to report what may be proper to be done 
thereon — 

Sent down for Concurrence 

Jer: Powell Presid*^ 
In the House of Representatives Nov"" 21: 1780 

Read & concurred & Cap*^ Bonney & Mr. Bacon arc joined 

Caleb Davis SpF 
The Committee of Both Houses appointed to Consider 
the over Tax of the Town of Washington have attended that 
Service and beg leave to Report the following Resolve — 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate November 2^'" 1780 
Whereas it appears by a Resolve of the General Court of 
this State of June 14"' 17S0 tliat the I'own of Washington 



48 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

in the last Valuation was Deemed a much Larger Sum than 
was their just proportion of said Valuation and whereas it 
further appears that by said Eesolve the Treasurer of this 
Commonwealth was Directed to Credit the Said Town of 
Washington a Sum Equal to one third part of the Taxes set 
upon s'' Town from the Last Valuation to the said 14**" Day 
of June, and whereas it appears that the same Disproportion 
still Continues to opperate — Therefore 

Resolved that the Treasurer of this Commonwealth be and 
he is hereby Directed to Credit the Town of Washington a 
Sum Equal to the Amount of one Third part of all the Taxes 
set upon the said Town of Washington since the 14"' Day of 
June Last — 

Sent down for Concurrence 

Jer: Powell Pres* 

In the House of Representatives Nov. 24 1780 

Read & concurred 

Caleb Davis Spk"" 

Approv'd John Hancock 



Letter From Hon^^^ B. Chadbourn Esq'' 

Berwick Nov'' 22"^ 1780 
S' 

I had the Honor last evening to receive Your Excellency's 
favour of y® 11'*' Ins* in which I was summoned to attend at 
the Council Chamber in Boston to assist the Governor in the 
executive part of Government agreeable to my appointment. 

Some few days before I rec*^ a letter from y® Secretary in- 
forming me of my appointment but neither of them reach'd 
me for more than ten days after they were wrote & at y^ same 
time was inform'd that a recess of y" General Court was like- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 49 

]y soon to take place — Some difficulty arose in my mind ab* 
accepting on account of my incapacity to so important a 
Trust added to my Bodily infirmities j^ great distance I am 
from y^ seat of Government tlie difiicultj of Journeying & 
being from home at this season of the Year were great im- 
pediments in my way but when I consider'd it to be y® voice 
of so respectable a Body as y® Senate & House of Representa- 
tives that called me to it I have concluded to accept of the 
appointment & do the Commonwealth all y^ Service in my 
power — but looking into y° Constitution & finding that the 
Council must subscribe y^ Declaration therein required in 
presence of the two Houses of Assembly I found it imprac- 
ticable for me to get to Boston before the recess took place 
(depending on what I had heard) but determined to attend 
y® opening of the next Session — but if any inconveniency is 
likely to arise by my not attending sooner & Court continues 
Setting I chearfully leave it with the two Houses of Assembly 
if they see fit to elect some other Person in my stead And 
whether I have the Honor & pleasure to assist the Govenor in 
Council or not You may be assured that it is my earnest de- 
sire that Your Excellency in Your Administration may be 
directed & succeeded from Heaven — Your Council may have 
y' Wisdom which is profitable to direct The Legislative Body 
may be actuated from such principles as shall 'tend to make 
the People of this Commonwealth happy the Judicial j)art 
may be compos'd of Men of learning cKr integrity that our 
laws may be rightly interpreted & Justice equally distributed 
among the People & every single Magistrate may so act that 
He may ])c a terror to y" evil doer & a praise to them that do 
well. And wether in public or private life Avhat influence I 
have shall be employ'd among the People of my acquaintance 
in promoting Industry & Frugality 1o cultivate peace Har- 
mony & good Order & a due subordination to tlic powers of 



50 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Government Happy that Rulers may be wise & prudent & 
the People good & happy I have the Honor to be your Ex- 
cellency's most Ob^ H Servant 

Benj^ Chadbourn 
His Excellency John Hancock Esq"" 

Sam^ Rittal to Governor and Council. 

To His Excelency the Governor & the Honor''*'' Council of 
the Comonwealth of Massachusetts Bay in I^ew Eng- 
land — Humbly Sheweth 
That I am in Goal at Falmouth in the County of Cumber- 
land & taken out of my house at Pownalborough & without 
a fault & am Denied the Knowledge of who Complained, or 
of any Crime Charged on me and here left in Goal, in Great 
Distress, both for my Selfe my wife & Children, Great part 
of them are Small — the Charge & Expence I am at 60 miles 
Distant from them, will bring me &, my f amulty to poverity 
and Distruction & I Know of no fault that I ever Committed 
against the State or Broake any of the Laws, I have paid 
my Taxes & paid my part of large bounties to hier men & my 
Son went into the Service & my Selfe for some time. — I am 
Denied the Knowledge of my accusors, or the Charge of any 
fault I have Committed; — the within petition of my wifes 
&c is True, — I most Humbly — Pray your Honours to 
Liberate me from Goal and Bonds, and Leet me Return to 
my Distressed f amely and I as in Duty bound Shall Ever pray 

Samuel Rittal 
Falmouth Goal Nov"" 23*'^ 1780 

A Grmit of £U0 3-7 to Col" John Allan. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives ISTov'" 24, 1780 
Resolved that there be paid out of the public Treasury of 
this Conmionwealth to Col° John Allen Superintendent of the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 51 

Indians in the Eastern parts of this Commonwealth, the 

Sum of one Hundred forty six Pounds three shillings and 

seven pence (Xew Emission) in full of the Ballance of his 

accounts to the first Day of June 1780 as certified by the 

Committee for methodizing & settling accounts A 

Caleb Davis Spk'' 
Sent up for Concurrence 

In Senate Nov^ 24*'' 1780 

l\ead & concurred with an Amendment at A viz at A in- 
sert said Sum to be charged to the United States 

Sent down for concurrence 
Approv'd Jer Powell Presi*^' 

John Hancock Warrant drawn 

27 N'ov" 1780 
In the House of Representatives ISTov"" 25 : 1780 
Head & concurred with the proposed amendment 

Caleb Davis Spk'" 



Report of Committee on Col. Allan's Petition. 

Commonwealth Mass*^ 

In Senate Nov'' 24'" 1780 

The Committee of l)oth Houses, appointed to take into 
Consideration Col. John Allan's Letter to His Excellency 
the Governor, relative to the Indian Eastern Department, 
and other Papers accompanying the same, and to make Re- 
port what may bo proper to be done thereon, have attended 
tliat Service; and ujxtn careful Enquiry into the affair are 
clearly of Opinion, that the Support & Defence of the East- 
ern Department, refcrr'd to in s** Letter, is an Object of great 
Importance to the United States, and worthy of very particu- 
lar attention: — 

Therefore ask Leave to Report as their Opinion, that it is 
necessary that a Company of forty ]\len (Officers included) 



52 DOCUiMENTARY HISTORY 

be raised by Inlistment from the Militia in s'' Department 
in Addition to the Company of Artillery already there : — 
to be in Service from the 25^^ of December to the 25*'' of 
April next — That Clothing, Provision, & Ammunition 
necessary for the Supply of s*^ Men & Garrison, be speedily 
provided & forwarded to Col. Allan at Machias: — And 
that some suitable Person be appointed, priviliged with an 
exclusive Right of supplying, & trading with the Indians in 
s'' Department, agreable to such Rules and Regulations as the 
General Court shall prescribe and ordain — and to be under 
the Inspection of the Superintendant of Indian Affairs, in 
s"* Indian Department — And your Committee are further 
of Opinion, that the Letter above mentioned, and the other 
papers accompanying the same, be forwarded to Congress — 
together v»^ith a Representation of the Importance of defend- 
ing the s^ Eastern Department, and the Reasonableness & 
Propriety of its being done at the -Expence of the United 
States — and requesting that Congress would signify their 
Pleasure relative to the same — and that a Committee be ap- 
pointed to bring in proper Resolves relating to the Matters 
contained in this Report all v/hich is submitted. 

Jos. Dorr per Order 
Sent down for Concurrence 

Jer: Powell Presi''' 

In the House of Representatives N'ov'" 24: 1780 

Read & Concurred & Mr Barrett M"" Esterbrook & Mr 
Burrill are appointed to bring in Resolves for s'' Purpose 



Petition of J* Avery 

To the Hon''"' Senate & House of Representatives of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General Court Assembled 

James Avery Agent for Col" Allen 
Humbly Sheweth 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 53 

That Colo Allan has sent the Schooner Xeashquowoite, be- 
longing to the Public, from Machias to this place, for the 
purpose of Carrying Stores for the Garrison & Indians there, 
and as said Schooner wants some small repairs before she 
will be in a condition for said Service — Your Petitioner 
Therefore Humbly prays your Honors w^ou'd be pleased to 
Direct the Board of War, to have said Schooner Repaired for 
the purpose before mentioned & your petitioner as in Duty 
Bound will ever pray 

Ja^ Avery 

Boston Xov"" 25"^ 1780 



Report on the Accounts of Lemuel Weelis & Clement Lemon. 

The Committee to hume was Committed the Accounts of 
Lemuel Weeks and Clement Lemon, praying for x\llowance 
for their Losses thay sustained at Penobscot, have atended 
that service and find by a Resolve of the Hon**'^ Council 
passed July 3*^ 1779 Making provision that all Captors at 
Penobscot should be for the officers & men. 

Your Committee are of oppinnon that nither the officers or 
Privets either by Sea or Land, are Intitled to any Allowance 
from this State for any Losses they may have sustained in 
said expedition 



Genl. Wadsworth to John Hancock. 

Thomaston 28''' Nov"" 1780 
Sir 

After congratulating your Kxcellcncy on your Accession to 
the chief Seat of Government, & the Commonwealth on your 
having made the Very Points of its true Interest your im- 



54 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

mediate Conceru; I beg leave to represent to your Excellency 
that the time for which the troops in the Quarter are rais'd 
expires, in general, by the end of next month & a consider- 
able ]!^umber now on the Ground must be discharg'd before 
that time being entirely unfit for service for want of Clothing, 

That the Quartermaster's Department both at this Place & 
Falmouth have been destitute of Money during the past sea- 
son, by which the Credit of the State has suffered much & the 
Fortifications at Falmouth been greatly retarded. It seems 
necessary that these amounts should be spedily discharged as 
well on the Principles of Policy as Justice. The Quarter- 
master at this post resigTi'd the last of Sept. since which time 
there has been none, tho one is very much wanted. 

The Troops in this Quarter have their rations dealt in 
Beef & bread, or bread-kind, only. Could measures be taken 
for procuring Vegitables, the State would Save an Expence 
& the Soldier receive a Benefit. A proper person appointed 
& Supplied with Money to procure the Several Articles con- 
tinually wanted in the Quartermasters & Commissary's Line, 
that might be had in this part of the Country would not only 
make a Saving in the first Cost, but, of the risk & expence of 
transportation: Besides it would give a Supply of money 
into the hands of the people of which at present they are 
very destitute. 

The Appointment of a Paymaster to this Department with 
money to pay of the Wages &c of the Troops, without putting 
the Oificers to the Expence of obtaining it from Boston would 
greatly serve the present & encourage any future service 

The Surgeon at this post has serv'd his own private medi- 
cine for the use of the Troops, none having been Supplied by 
the States ; & the Troops at Falmouth have been attended by 
a private Surgeon & Physician there having been none ap- 
pointed to that Corps, I request therefore directions in what 
way these amounts are to be Settled. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 55 

I have directed Lieut. Coll. Prime to disband that part of 
his regiment stationed at Falmouth at the End of this Month ; 
the Season for Fortification being over; wood not to l)e had 
but by impressing it; the men being destitute of Clothing & 
other Conveniences not to Say iSTecessaries & their time of 
Service nearly expir'd. I have the Pleasure to acquaint your 
Excellency that Lieu*^ Col' Prime in his Command, has done 
the highest Honour to the Militia of Massachusetts, in the 
exact Discipline & good order of his Troops & his unwearied 
Attention to the Good of the Service. 

The Engineer also has shewn the greatest Care & Atten- 
tion to his department & has my Direction to report to your 
Excellency the State of the Fortifications at this Post. 

The Fortifications & Military Stores at Falmouth are now 
guarded by Cap* Lieu*^ Moore who has the Command of the 
Matrosses, the only troops remaining there. The Inclosed 
is a return of the Troops & a Schedule of Sundry Articles 
wanted here in the Commissary & Quartermasters Depart- 
ment; but as some of these Articles cannot arive in Season 
for the Service of the present Troops, I mean them rather to 
point out what may be necessary for future service. 

And here with the Discharge of the Troops now on the 
Ground, I also request a discharge from this Command; find- 
ing myself quite unequal to the Task, where there are some 
Intricacies, more perplexities & much Service to be done & 
permit me to say, but very little to do with. 

At the same time I Avould strongly recommend that a new 
regiment be immediately rais'd for this Place & Machias, aa 
a Discontinuance of Troops in this (Quarter even in the Win- 
ter Season whilst the Enemy lioW a I'ost at Bagaduce will be 
fatal to the County; Besides a regiment will be rais'd with 
less Expence at this Season for twelve months, than in the 
Spring for Seven or eight; it will keep the Minds of tbo In- 
habitants (which are already in inotioii with the Idea of being 



56 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

left) from wavering & the Enemy Still. And I would 
recommend that it Should be rais'd by voluntary Inlistment 
rather than by draught if it should be tho't advisable to make 
an Establishment equal to the purpose, & the following I will 
venture to propose as such, viz* a Suit of Cloths Bounty & ten 
Dollars p"" Month the Wages to be paid at least Quarterly. 
If this Measure Should be adopted, the men that are deficient 
of the last Draught of the three Eastern Counties might be 
Ordered here whilst others can be rais'd on the new Estab- 
lishment. Let the Commanding Officer here IMuster them 
& have the Bounty to deliver on Mustering. This regiment 
might be under good Discipline by the opening of Spring & 
ready for early Service. 

But the reduction of the Enemy at Bagaduce would at 
once put an end to all after Reparations & tho the Expence 
would be considerable at first it would be more than Sav'd in 
the End, & I think the Importance of this County to the 
States would justify, nay, demand, the undertaking. The 
Success of a Coupe de Main in the Winter would be rather 
too uncertain as their Fortification is in a good Posture of 
Defence & their Troops quartered in the Fort: but I can 
conceive of but one object (viz* to Establish the Grand 
Army) of more Importance in the Spring not only to this 
but the United States, than the reduction of the Enemy at 
Bagaduce & securing this County on which so immediately 
depends the resources of our future Greatness, Lumber & 
Fishery; not to mention the Amazing Tract of the finest 
Soil that would soon Spring into improvment on the Settle- 
ment of a happy Peace. 

I hope for Pardon, if I am mistaken in my Conjecture that 
the Commonwealth, as such, is not fully sensible of the vast 
Importance of these eastern Countries, without which, our 
future ^avy, that may rule the World, will cut but a trifling 
Figure. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 57 

The Enemys Cruisers have been very frequent on this 
Coast of late, & have captured many Coasters & Small Craft, 
some of which have been recovered ; & two Coasters have been 
ransom'd after being carried to port by my Permission, tho 
on further Consideration I am much dissatisfy'd with my 
Conduct in that respect & request to know if it ought to be 
permitted in any Case. 

As Brevity is not my Talent, I beg that it may be con- 
sidered as an Excuse for the Leangth of this Letter, & have 
the Honour to Subscribe myself, with great respect Sir 
Your Excellencys most obedient & most humble Servant 

Peleg Wadsworth B. G. 
His Excellency John Hancock Esq"" 

Governor & Commander in Chief of Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts 
In Senate Jan^ Q'"" 1781 

Read & committed to Tho^ Rice Esq"" with such as the 
Honorable House shall join to take the same into considera- 
tion & report 

Sent down for Concurrence 

Jer: Powell Presid* 
In the House of Representatives Jan^ 6, 1781 

Read & concurred & Major Lithgow & Mr Wells are joined 

Caleb Davis Speaker 



Ezra Taylor to the General Court. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts )■ To the Hon*''^ the Senate 
& House of Representatives in Generall Court As- 
sembled at Boston Nov^ 28^'' 1780 

Humbly Sheweth — 



58 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

Ezra Taylor of Pownalborough in the County of Lincoln 
for & in Behalf of said County — That the Same County is 
Bounded on the Sea Coasts about Two hundred miles in 
Length, and Continually^ Exposed to he attackt Plundered 
and Distressed by British Ships of War as well as small Boats 
& Barges, with which our Sea Coasts are Continually In- 
fested, That the British Troops have allready availed them- 
selves of a Very advantage® Post allmost in the Heart of said 
County where they have Strongly fortified themselves &; have 
a very Large & Commodious harl30ur for Ships from which 
w^e are Constantly in danger, and often Plundered & Rob*^ 
boath by Sea & Land and our bouses and other buildings 
burnt & distressed, That on the more northern Parts of said 
County at the heads of our Rivers we Lay for a vast Length 
open & Exposed to the ravages of the Canadians who are well 
acquainted with that part of the Country & the advantagous 
Streams that Leade Directly into the midest of us and are 
often makeing Excurtions that way By means whereof we 
have been often alarm^ and Called to arms, That about one 
hundred famelys in the year past have moved out of the 
County over on the Western Side of Kenebeck river and to 
other places of greater safety and that one of our Towns is 
Intirely Depopulated & not one family Left in it. That in the 
Year pasts about four fifths of our militia were Imployed in 
that Ingloryous Expedition to Major Bagadooss & in garding 
our Sea Coasts & Defenceless Exposed Settlement after the 
Defeat of the army. That in the present year about one half 
the militia from the Interiour parts of the County were 
raised for the same — Duty for the Term of Eight months 
which Caused a Tax on the Severall Towns about as Large, 
as the Largest State Tax that has been Laid upon us. That 
the Time of said men as well as all those from other parts 
under the Comand of Generall Wadsworth will Expire in 
about a month and then we shall have nothing to Defend us 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 59 

but our own Militia & a kind Providence, That the County 
is now reduced to poverty & distress and that out of forty 
nine Coasting Vessells we have but one Left in the County, 
this now is our unhapy and Dangerous Scituation — but bad 
as it is vre are Determined not to give up so valueable a part 
of this Commonwealth so long as we can have there favor «& 
Assistance but Should we now be called upon to raise the 
Quota of Men Set to us by the Late resolve for filling up the 
Continental! army it would be Impossable for us to Comply 
therewith for we have no money nor way nor means to pro- 
cure any to hire men with, nor any men that Can be Spared 
v>-ithout Leaveing us in a most Dangerous & Defenceless State 
Exposed to the ravages of a watchf nil & Enterprizeing Enemy 
Wherefore your Petitioner prays in behalf of said County 
that they may be Excused from raiseing the aforesaid Quota 
of men, and that Such Small Exertions as they are able to 
make may Enure to the preservation of their own Lives and 
properties and the Salvation of so valuable a part of this 
Common Wealth &c 



Resolve Requesting the Governor to Write to Congress. 

The Committee appointed to bring in Resolves in Con- 
formity to the report of a Committee of both Houses, on the 
Letter of Col. John Allen, Commander of the Garrison of 
Machias & Superintendant of the Indian Eastern Depart- 
ment, of the 2"^ instant, with the Papers accompanying the 
same; and also on tlie Petition of James Avery, Agent to 
the sai<l Allen, relative to the Repairs of the Schooner Near- 
quowait; have attended that Service and take Leave to re- 
port the following Resolves, viz^ 



60 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives ISTov 28 : 1780 

Whereas the Support and Defence of the Eastern Depart- 
ment of this Commonwealth, & the Commerce & Friendship 
of the Several Tribes of Indians within the same and in the 
vicinity thereof, are of great Importance to the United 
States, it is resolved, 

That his Excellency the Governor be & he hereby is re- 
quested to transmit to Congress Copies of the Letter received 
from Col John Allen Superintendant of the Eastern Indian 
Department of the 2,^ ins* & of the Papers accompanying the 
same, containing the state of the Garrison, with the several 
official Returns, and also to represent, in the fullest Manner 
possible, the Importance of the said Department to the States 
in General ; with the Propriety & Reasonableness of Support- 
ing & Defending the said Department at the Expence of the 
United States ; and to request of Congress to signify as soon 
as may be their Determination respecting the same — 

A And whereas it is necessary to augment the Garrison 
of Machias, within the said Department, it is resolved. That 
the Commanding Officer of the same be & he hereby is 
directed immediately to issue his orders for inlisting from 
among the Militia within the said Department, a Company 
consisting of forty Men, Officers included, to be in addition 
to the Artillery Company already inlisted & doing Duty at 
the said Garrison, to be under the same Command and to be 
and continue in the said Service from the 25''' Day of De- 
cember next ensuing to the 25 Dec*' 1781 

And it is further resolved. That the Board of War be & 
they hereby are directed to provide, as speedily as possible 
such Quantities of Clothing, Provisions, Arms and Ammuni- 
tion as the Governor & Council shall direct for the Supply 
of the said Men, & for the further Supply of the Garrison of 
Machias & its Dependencies — and that they make the neces- 



. OF THE STATE OF MAINE 61 

sarv Repairs on the Schooner Nearqiiowait of Boston, & for- 
ward in the same the said Clothing Provision Arms & Am- 
munition without Loss of Time under Care of Lieut : James 
Avery, Agent to Col. John Allen, Superintendant to the 
Eastern Indian Department 

Sent up for Concurrence 

Caleb Davis Spk"" 
In Senate N'ovember 29''^ 1780 

Read & Concurred Jer: Powell Presid' 

Approv'd John Hancock 

A Also Resolved that his Excellency the Governor with 

the advice of Councill be Impowered & requested to Licence 

some Suitable person to have an Exclusive right to Trade 

with & Suply the said Indians in the Eastern Department 

with ^Necessaries until the further order of the Gen^ Court to 

1)0 under such orders & Regulations as the Gov"" & Coimcill 

shall think Necessary for & consistant with the publick 

Safty 



Thomas Town to Col. Taylor. 

Falmouth Gole Nov"" 23"* 1780 
Sr these Lines from your Destrest frind — hear Confind, 
for what I Dont know, nor Cant find out. Thearfore I pray 
your Honour would Lay a pitison before the Genril Cort 
with M"" Rittles for me as we weare taken to Gather and 
Confind conterey to the Bill of Rites — for I live 40 miles 
from the See Shore. We have Desired the Maj*" twice to Rite 
to the Gen" for a trial but have had no answer yet. Sr I 
sufer to hoar and my wife and Children att home wich is 
very Distressing Sr your Compiance with the within Re- 
quest will Gaitly oblige your numble Se^ 

Thomas Town 
To Coll' Ezra Talcr 
P" Sr I will Satisfie you for all your '{'rouble 



62 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Report. 

State of Massachusetts Bay 

April 27**^ 1780 : 

The Committee of both Houses on the letters from Brig- 
adier General Waclsworth and Peter ISToyes, & the resolve of 
Congress of the 8th inst. report, that they have enquired of 
the Board of War respecting the supply of Provisions, In- 
trenching tools & whale-boats ordered for the Eastern De- 
partment, & are of opinion that what Provisions & Intrench- 
ing tools are sent, and ready to be sent, are all that could 
immediately be obtained, and will be sufficient for the 
preasent; a Schedule whereof is now presented: Measures 
are taken that the Whale-boats agreed for be built with all 
possible dispatch & that they, with those already procured be 
forwarded as soon as may be. And as by y^ Resolve afore- 
said. Continental pay & rations are to be allowed to any body 
of Militia not exceeding Eight hundred men, which this 
State may judge necessary to be raised for the defence of the 
Eastern Department, Your Committee report that the Con- 
tinental Quarter Master General & Issuing Commissary of 
Provisions be requested to replace such articles as have beeii 
supplied by the Board of War for the purpose above men- 
tioned that come within their respective departments, & to 
furnish such supplies as may be further wanted for the East- 
em department. 

Your Committee think it expedient that two Eighteen 
pounders and three Four pound Field pieces with thirty 
rounds each be sent to Falmouth, and a Leiu* & twenty 
Mattrosses to strengthen that Post, and that an Engineer be 
appointed and directed to repair there as soon as may be. 
That Brigidier Cushing be directed to deliver to Brigadier 
Wadsworth or his order, so many of the Firearms returned 
into him from the late Expedition at Penobscot, as he shall 



OF THE STATE OF :\rAINE 63 

apply for, taking said Wadsworths receipt to be accountable 
for the same. 

Your Committee further report that so many of the Whale- 
boats procured, be forwarded as will be necessary to trans- 
port the Troops destined for Maehias, to that place, & that 
the said Troops be embarked under the direction of General 
Wadsworth. To alter the regulation of the Post from Fal- 
mouth to Boston, Your Committee apprehend will expedite 
intelligence & not much encrease the expence, for w'^'' purpose 
have prepared the Kesolve accompanying this report. All 
w^hich is submitted. 

John Pitts p order 
In Council April 27, 1780 

Read & Sent down 

John Averv D. Sec 



Petition in Behalf of Andrew Gilman. 

To the Honorable Senate & Hon^ House of Representatives 
of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

The petition of Col" Josiah Brewer a Truck Master to the 
Penobscot Tribe of Indians in behalf of Lieu' Andrew Gil- 
man Interpreter to tlie said Tribe — Humbly sheweth, — 

That the said Gilman has been in the Service (by your 
Honors orders) in the above Capacity these five Years past — 
And your Petitioner really beleives has l)ccn of great Service 
in keeping the Indians (who are very fond of him) peaceably 
disposed towards us — That your Honors were pleased to 
make an Estalilishment of £18 p"" m" and a Suit of Cloaths 
gratis in Oct/' 177!) for liis j)ast Sci'viccs-- That h(» lutw has 
upwards of" a twclvf; nioiitlis \Vag(!s due him »!v is (h'.sirons of 
receiving the same in order to purchase necessarys to enable 



64 DOCUMENTAEY HISTOEY 

him to live Comfortably w*'' the Indians the ensuing winter 
— he being at present entirely destitute of all manner of 
Cloathing which prevented his personal application to your 
Honors for this purpose — Your Petitioner therefore in be- 
half of the said Gilman prays your Honors to make such an 
Establisment according to the Depreciation of the Currency 
for his Service for the time past & to come as your Honors in 
your Goodness shall think his Services Merits 

Josiah Brewer 
Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Dece"" 4 1780 

On The Petition of Leu* Andrew Gillman Interpreter to 
the Penobscut Tribe of Indians Praying allowance for his 
services as Set forth in his said Petition Beg leave To Re- 
port by way of Resolve Viz* 

Resolved that there be paid out of the Publick Treasury 
of this Common Wealth the sum of fifteen Pounds Ten shil- 
ling of the ^ew Money in full for his Services to this day 



Nath^ Thiving to Col. HutchiTison. 

Boston Dec^ 11"^ 1780 
Sir You may doubtless remember my shewing you a peti- 
tion from Deacon Sawyer, and Agreable to your desire I have 
left it with CoP Dawes I here inclose you a Copy of a 
Warrant for a Town meeting for the purposes mentioned in 
the petition which Deacon Sawyer informed me-was over 
thrown by means of the person who was their former 
Treasurer I should think it would not be necessary for any 
person to appear before the Committee as they could say no 
more than what the petition says, and as they pray for noth- 
ing more than to have a Committee appointed to enquire 
into & settle their publick Town affair, I should think it 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 65 

might be done as well as if any person was present, though 

I would not be thought to dictate, I have proposed to Col" 

Dawes that you might be nominated one of the Committee : as 

I am now going out of Town I inclose the Copy be delivered 

to you. I would just mention the names of the persons 

Deacon Sawyer desired might be appointed a Committee 

Viz* Xath' Thwing Dunmier Sewall & Waterman Thomas 

Esq" 

I am Sir in behalf of Deacon Sawyer 

Your Hum' Serv* 



Col° Israel Hutchinson 
Present 



Nath' Thwing 



Letter of Col. Allan. 

Machias December 15"^ 1780 
Dear Sir 

Your favour of the 10th ITlt° arrived at Machias the 24*'' 
my being absent among the Indians & Capt Andrews Neglect 
of forwarding by Express, did not receive it till the T^ inst. — 

I returned a few days ago from my Indian Bout tho I 
undei'\\^ent the greatest difficultys for want of provisions & 
Craft, still I accomplished my business with the S* Johns 
Indians (who went of Last Summer) and others to my san- 
guine wishes. Tho l\e\^ Father which has Come is Ex- 
tremely well Calculated, gives the Indians great satisfaction, 
we Both return in Six days about half way to St Johns for 
a Gen' Conference of Deputys from Each tribe & to keep 
Christmas which is a peculiar Festival, But to you I go in a 
manner Intirely Incompatablc with the ISTature of my busi- 
ness, I must Intirely depend upon the favour of a Providence 
as I have neitbcr Craft provisions nor men to Support & aid 
me in the business. The Importance of it is such that it Can- 



66 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

not be Dispenced, tho This part is in danger of surprise dur- 
ing my absence — I can freely declare I feel nothing for 
myself personaly, and am Determined to pursue my duty — 
but the Event is uncertain and I feel Troubled for the fate 
of things this way if supplys does not shortly Arrive, I beg 
you will write the Governor to press the supplys, as my time 
will not permit me — ^ This goes by head Quarters, with 
the most of Captain Andrews Comp^. The former Can 
Acquaint you of different matters, some difficultys Arises 
with their Commander, they Incline not to go with him, tho 
I have had a small Vessell prepared sometime, I was san- 
guine at first for their Going, but since I find it more Ex- 
pedient for them to go By Land — had no procession here 
or an appearance of it, most of this Comp^ wou'^ stop, they 
are also ISTaked and a long winter before them and indeed I 
feel much troubled about their Geting along — 

Cap* Andrews will go in one of the Whale Boats — the 
other is at Passamaquody — the severty of the wether during 
the time I was there, the Nakedness of the men, and the 
Whale Boat out of repair, I thought it best to Leave her, 
when a suitable opp° shall forward it — 

I am much obliged to you for the news Paper, but I never 
had the Chance of seeing it. — 

I wish you Every happiness & am with respect & Esteem 

D-- Sir f Very hb. S* 

J Allan 



Petition of James Avery. 

To His Excellency the Governor and the Hon'ble Council of 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts — 
The Petition of James Avery Agent for Colo John Allen 
Commanding Officer at Machias — Humbly Sheweth — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 67 

That, the last letters your Petitioner rec'^ from said Colo 
Allan, he informed him, that thev were nearly Destitute of 
Provisions & other Stores for the Troops at that place, and 
Directed your petitioner to Dispach the Schooner JSTeash'quo'- 
woite with such Stores, as your ExcelP & Honors might 
think proper to Direct as soon as possible. 

Therefore your Petitioner Humbly prays your Excellency 
& Honors wou'd be pleased to Take the Matter into your 
wise Consideration & take such orders thereon, as in your 
wisdom may think proper — and your petitioner as in Duty 
Bound will ever pray 

Ja* Averv 
Boston Dec^ lO'*" 1780 

Mem° of what is wanting immediately for the Troops at 
Machias & Indians 

30 Blankets 20 Stands of Arms 500 ' Powder 300 " Balls 
(Musquet) 500 " Shott 1 Hhd Kum I^ew Eng^ Three 
Months Rations for 50 Men. 

as the Great Difficulty attends in Sending matters During 
the winter Season, it is absolutely Necessary for the above 
to be forwarded as soon as possible — 

A person to be Licenced for the Indian Trade 

Ja^ Avery Agent for Colo Allan 



Action on Petition of James Avery. 

The Commonwealth of Mass"" 

In Council Decemb. 20* 1780 
Advised that the Board of War be and they hereby are 
directed to deliver M"" James Avery Agent to Col° John Allen 
Commander in the Eastern Department, thirty Blankets 
twenty Stand of Arms, fi\c hundred W. of Powder three 
hundred W. of ^lusquet Balls, five hundred W. of Shot, One 



68 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Hh** New England Eiim and three Months Eations for fifty 
Men for the Supply of the Garrison and its Dependences 
agreeable to a Resolve of the General Court of the 29 Novem- 
ber last — he to be Accountable for the aforesaid Articles. 

John Hancock 



Letter Frorn General Wadsworth. 

Thomaston 23'' Dec"" 1780 
Sir 

I have this day the honour of your Excellencys of the IS*"^ 
Inst : inclosing the Petition of Lucy Rittall ; & as it is not 
in my Power to make the Enquiry your Excellency was 
pleased to order, at this Juncture ; to prevent the deepening 
of an unfavourable Impression till the Matter can be fully 
try'd, I beg leave to lay before your Excellency a brief State 
of Facts. 

There are a considerable Number of Persons in this Quar- 
ter who uniformly discourage & discountenance every public 
Measure adopted by the States, as well by their general Con- 
versation as by positive inimical Acts. Kennebeck River is 
not free from persons of this Sort. Frequent Applications 
were made to me in September by approv'd Friends to the 
Cause for a party to be sent there to suppress this growing 
Evil & to apprehend the principals. Knowing the Indiscre- 
tions apt to be run into on like Occasions, I did not care to 
trust the Commission to any Officer I could then Spare, but 
intended soon to hear & see the utmost of the matter myself. 
Accordingly having Occasion to visit the Settlement on the 
head of Sheepscutt River towards the End of Sep*, I took 
Kennebeck in my Rout to Falmouth & after I had made the 
best Enquiry I was able quite to the head of the Tide, of the 
undoubted Upholders of our Cause, I gave Orders to Lieu' 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 69 

]\[cLellan to proceed with a party & to apprehend five, who 
(I supposed & still suppose) were the Instigators of every 
evil Work (amongst which Francis Rittal was one) «& to join 
me at the mouth of the Eiver, which he did, excepting that 
two of the five were out of the way & could not be found, 
Being bound to Falmouth & Boston & having no comfortable 
place of Confinement at Thomaston where they were to be 
tried, & the weather coming on cool, I thot best to take them 
to Falmouth for Confinement under Guard till my return to 
Thomaston & then to give them a fair Trial. On my Return 
to Thomaston from Boston by Water about the middle of 
Ocf having an exceeding fine Wind, I did not Stop at Fal- 
mouth, & finding it necessary on my arival here to employ my 
whole Attention, men «Si Officers to prevent the ravaging 
parties of the Enemy which at that Season were very Active, 
I could not with any Convenience order a Court Martial, the 
prisoners still remaining under Guard at Falmouth except- 
ing one, who, on Account of Indisposition was admitted to 
Bonds after two or three days Confinement. 

Towards the End of Nov. finding that I should not be 
able soon to attend the Trial on account of the Avocation of 
my Officers & a general Destitution of every Sort of Supplies, 
I sent an order to Lieut Coll Prime at Falmouth to recognize 
the Prisoners viz^ Rittal & Towns in large bonds for there 
Appearance here when call'd for for Trial & to release them. 
They were accordingly release'd on the 27 Xov"" not knowing 
till I receiv'd your Excellencys Letter that a Petition had 
been prefei-r'd against me. I am not Insensible that I am 
Subject to Errors as other People are, but in the present 
Case, I do not yet see that I have err'd or offended against 
the new Constitution (or the old, under which it was chiefly 

transacted) 

The Law Martial is exercised l)y an act of the State of 25 
March last— within its Limits (the Sea flowing fifteen miles 



70 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

above Pownalbo rough) These persons have been appre- 
hended, their Crimes drawn & Sign'd in military Form & 
they have been kept under guard till (finding it impracticable 
for the present to give them a Tryal) they have been ad- 
mitted to give Surety for their Appearance when call'd for. 
I cannot Suppose that a Court martial is to be orderd to Set, 
purposely, at or near the place where there is a Criminal ; 
but that the Criminal is to be carried to the Court martial, 
where the parties are examin'd face to face. 

If it is Supposeable that the disaffected part of the Com- 
munity will be ever clamourous against those whose hard lot 
it is to be Servants of the Commonwealth ; I hope there will 
be reasonable Allowance made for their Representations & I 
dare challenge any one who is acquainted with the whole List 
of Signers in favour of the Petition, to pick one good Whigg 
from the whole Xumber, which Circumstance I think rather 
against them as there are Whiggs of Note in the Neighbour- 
hood. 

I shall proceed to a Trial by Court Martial as soon as Cir- 
cumstances will permit, tho I rather hope that this Business 
will fall to my Successor In the mean time I am Sir, with 
much Respect your Excellencys most obed* & very humble 

Servant 

Peleg Wadsworth B G 

His Excellency John Hancock Esq"" 

Petition of Ebenezer Tinkham. 

To the Hon''' the Senate & House of Representatives of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 
Gen': This Petition from Ebenezer Tinkham y® 2°^ of 
Middlebor° in the County of PljTnouth Humbly Sheweth: 
that I the Said Ebe*" Tinkham did (on the nineteenth day of 
June A: d 1779) Volentaryly Inlist under (L:t Hambelton) 
as a Mareen on Board the Continental Ship Warren ; and at 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 71 

the time of my Said Inlistmeut I was Promised In case that 
I was Wounded in battel that I Should be Taken Cair of 
on the Publicks Cost : after which the Said Ship Warren was 
ordered on the Penobscut expedition; and in a Battel Oca- 
tioned by our Landing at Said Penobscut: on the 28^'' day 
of July A : d 1779 I was wounded with Two Balls from the 
Enemy : by which acsident I was Disinabeled from doing any 
Labor for about Seven Months and was at Great Expence for 
docters and for my Surport for which I have Received noth- 
ing, but at Length one of Said Balls was Taken out of my 
Shoulder and I have now by the Goodness of God in a Good 
Degree Recovered my helth again — and also by Reason of 
my being wounded I Lost one Coat one wastcoat one Shirt 
one Pair of Trousers Three Pair of Stockens one Pair of 
Shoes one Hat and £13-2-0 in money and now Gen* my 
Prayers to your Hon""^ is : that you would Commiserate my 
Case and think of the Panes that I have felt & of the Loss 
of my Time and Cloathing & Estate and Expencis and that 
you would order me a Competant Reward Such as you in 
your Wisdome Shall think Equatable and Just : and as I am 
In duty bound Shall Ever Pray & :c 
dated at Middlebor" this 26**' of Dece"" 1780 

Ebenezer Tinkham y" 2^ 

This may Certifye that we the Subscribers Selectmen of 
Middlebor" having Sufficiant Reason to beleave the Certainty 
of the within named Ebc"" Tinkham being wounded and Suf- 
fering as is in his Petition Set forth : for Some of us have 
Seen his Wounds and the Ball tliat hath l)ct'n Taken out of 
his Body since his Return from Said Penobscot Expedition 

John Alden j 
Edward Wood ( Selectmen of 
Thomas Nelson [ said Middlebor" 
Isaac Tomson 

dated at l\Iidd]ebor" this 1" of Jan"- 1781 



72 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Deposition of Joseph Berry. 

The Deposition of Joseph Berry of Topsham in the County 
of Lincoln yeoman, of Lawful age testefieth and saith that 
on the last Day of August 1775 he was taken prisoner bj 
Capt° Dawson Commander of the Hope Schooner in the King 
of England's service and was put on board the Preston Ship 
of War & was kept on board three months and then removed 
on board the Boyn Ship of War & was Sent to England in 
her, & kept there untill the ninth day of July following & 
then I made my Escape from said Ship and got to franco, 
& there I Entered on board a Sloop in the Continental Serv- 
ice bound to Philadelphia and in our Passage home s"* Sloop 
v/as on or about the Last Day of October in 1776. and while 
I was on board said Ship Capt Bishop Called me aft to 
examine me & after understanding that I belonged to the 
Eastward he asked me if I knew one Cargill, I told him that 
I had Seen him but was not much acquanted with him then 
the s*^ Cap* Bishop Said he is a Villain and a dam** Eascal, 
for he has taken some of our vessels, he has taken three of 
our vessels at Penobscot, he is a Collonel there now ; I wish 
I could Catch him then he Enquired of me what particular 
place he lived at, but I told him I could not tell — and further 
saith not — 

A Coppy Joseph Berry 



Deposition of William Pendleton. 

I William Pendleton of a place Called Long Island in the 
County of Lincoln Gentleman of Lawfull age Testify & Say 
that Sometime in the month of July A. D 1775 that John 
Winslow of Boston Came down here To a place Called Long 
Island out of the Bounds of any Town and in y° County of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 73 

Lincoln, in Penobscot Bay in a Transports all Guarded by a 
man of Warr Shipp Called the Sinigall, who Came to my 
House, & in Conversation he the said Winslow said he Came 
for Wood and wanted Wood to load the Transports to Carry 
lip to Boston, further the above named Winslow had a Letter 
from the Select men of Boston for that purpose & that he 
Copied That Letter at my house, and sent a Copy of said 
Letter to the Committee of S' Georges, and to the Com- 
mittee of Camden to acquaint them what Authority he had 
to apply for Wood, after the said Winslow had sent a cop\" 
of his letter to S' Georges & to Camden two of Coll Cargills 
officers Viz* Cap'" Wheaten of S"^ Georges & Capt° Gregary 
of Camden, with the advice of the other officers Came to my 
house and Desired me to go with them in a private manner 
to Camden, w^here I met with Coll : Cargill with a number of 
y® Militia from there we went for Penobscot Fort in order 
to Burn & destroy it and to take any Vessells that were 
loading with Wood in order to go to Boston under the Con- 
voy of the man Warr Shipp called the Sinigal, in our Way 
to Penobscot we found Capt° Peleg Crooker Loading with 
Wood at Belfast, and the Militia under Coll: Cargill took 
the said Crooker and the Vessell he was loading and then 
Took said Crooker & the Vessel up to Penobscot, also the 
s*^ Cargill Sent away a number of men in Boats to Major 
Bagadoose, which men when they Returned Brought four 
Vessells to us at Penobscot, after the Fort was Destroyed 
at Penobscot, We Came down the Bay off against Major 
Bagadoose There We saw the Shipps Lay off Between Fox 
Island & Long Island, Then I Came down with said Cargill 
in the Vessell that was taken from s*^ Crooker with the other 
Vessells so far as the head of Long Island, and then said 
Cargill ordered us to come down on the Western or Northern 
Side of said Island and then left us. The next morning 
Some of the officers wliich Belong to Coll. Cargill told me 



74 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

That he Left orders with them to put me a Shore on long 
Island where it Suited me to land after that I saw no more 
of the 8hij)ps nor of Coll: Cargill or the Vessells he had 
taken at that time or that Voiage. and further saith not 

William Pendleton 
A True Copy of William Pendleton^ Deposition to be used 
at the Superior Court to be holden at Salem on the first Tues- 
day of Nov-- A. D. 1777 

Sealed up by Benjamin Woodbridge Jus' Pacis 



Deposition of Benjamin Shaw. 

I Benjamin Shaw of ISTorth Yarmouth in the County of 
Cumberland Yeoman of Lawful Age, testify & say that some 
time in April one thousand seven Hundred & seventy five 
I was at a Place called Belfast, in the County of Lincoln, 
a Hand on Board a Sloop called the Nancy, belonging to 
Peleg Crooker and Stephen Hall then both of Boston, of 
which the said Peleg was then Master, which said Vessell 
was then Loaded with Wood & Bound for Boston, — On our 
Return from said Belfast we put into Falmouth, & at said 
Falmouth first heard of the Battle at Lexington, fought on 
the nineteenth Day of April one thousand seven hundred & 
seventy five — From thence we proceeded with said Vessel! 
to Newbury — and said Crocker went from said Newbury by 
Land to Charlestown to see if he could get into Boston with 
said Vessell & from said Charles-town immediately returned 
on board said Vessell, & proceeded with her to Marblehead, 
where there then lay a Man of War, called the Lively, & the 
said Ship Lively immediately sent her Barge along Side of 
Us, and enquired if we had any Wood to sell, & the said Ship 
Lively sent her Boat along Side & received several Cords of 
Wood, for which I saw the said Crooker receive of one of the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 75 

Officers of said Ship Lively Thirteen Shillings & four Pence 
p"" Cord, then we proceeded with said Vessell to Boston, & 
unloaded the Remainder of the Wood on Board said Vessell 
at Stephen HalP Wharlf, from which Wharif Wood was fre- 
quently carried on Board the Man of War, then lying in the 
Harbour of Boston, — after which I went two Trips more 
with said Crooker to said Belfast, & loaded each trip ^vith 
Cord wood, which said Crooker carried to Boston, & unloaded 
at said Halls Wharff, & I frequently saw the Officers belong- 
ing to the British troops on said Wharff after Wood — The 
Trips above mentioned were performed between the said 
Xineteenth of April & the twenty fourth Day of July fol- 
lowing, during which Time I was a hand on board said Ves- 
sell — and I further say, that we might at any time have 
gone into Situate or any other Port to the Southward of 
Boston, during the aforementioned Trips — And the said 
Stephen Hall was with us the last of said trips, in which we 
put into Falmouth — And after our Arrival at Boston I was 
taken on Board the Senigall Man of War, and was told by 
them that I was recommended as a Pilot — a few days after 
which said Senigall sailed for Long Island in Penobscot Bay, 
with four Transport Ships and Three Sloops to procure 
Cord wood — on Board of one of which Transports, was 
John Winslow Merchant of Boston, who was Agent for said 
Fleet, and had a Recommendation from the Selectmen of 
said Boston to get Wood for the Inhabitants of said Boston 
— when we arrived at said Long Island we took a consider- 
able Quantity of Wood on Board said Transports, but hear- 
ing that the Militia had got on to the Island to assess us, 
were afraid to tarry to compleat our Load, and immediately 
left the Island & sailed for Halifax — While we lay at 
said Long Island, said Winslow procured some live Stock 
off said Island for the Use of said Fleet which was killed on 
Board — I the Deponent further say that while I was with 



76 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

said Crocker, after unloading the first of the beforemen- 
tioned Freights at Boston, he carried out some Passen- 
gers to Situate & Plimouth from whence he sailed for 
said Belfast for another freight of Wood which he carried 
to Boston, & was to have carried out more Passengers — 
but instead of that, We took the said Stephen Hall before 
named & one Benj^ Coleman on Board, who acted as Hands 
(there being no other but they & myself with said Crooker 
on Board) and proceeded directly again for said Belfast for 
another Freight of Wood — After we got there I left him 
one Whole Day because he had not gone to Situate after 
unloading his last Freight according to his promise — but 
upon his renewing his Promise to me that he would not go 
into Boston again, but proceeded directly for Situate, with 
the Freight of Wood he was then taking on Board, by the 
permission of the Conunittee of said Belfast, for that Place 
— I consented to stir on Board again — but after we were 
loaded & partly on our Passage he Determined to go into 
Boston with said Freight of Wood which he accordingly did 
as before related — and further saith not — 

Benjamin Shaw 

Cumberland ss. North Yarmouth October 17'^ 1777. 

Then the above named Benjamin Shaw Personally ap- 
peared, & being first carefully examined & duely cautioned 
to testifie the whole Events relating to the Cause hereafter 
mentioned made solemn Oath to the truth of the above affi- 
davit by him subscribed — being taken to be used in a Mari- 
time Cause to be heard & tried by Appeal at the Superior 
Court of Judicature «fcc to be holden at Salem in the County 
of Essex, on the first Tuesday of November next — wherein 
James Cargill of Newcastle in the County of Lincoln Es- 
quire and others are Libellants of the Sloop called the Nancy 
her Cargo & Appertinances & Stephen Hall of Boston in the 



OF THE STATE OF ]\[AIN"E 77 

Countv of Suffolk Wharfinger & Peleg Crooker lately of 
Situate in the County of Plimouth Coaster, are Claimants 
The said Benjamin Shaw the Deponent living & being 
from Xorth Yarmouth which is more than Thirty Miles 
from Salem the Place of Trial, and the said Stephen Hall 
& Peleg Crooker living & being more than twenty ]\Iiles 
from Xorth Yarmouth the Place of Captain, were not noti- 
fied nor present — taken according to Law — at the Request 
of the said James Cargill 

Coram David Mitchell Just"^ Pacis 
Endorsed: To the Clerk of the Superior Court of Judica- 
ture &c for the State of Mass. Bay The Deposition of 
Benjamin Shaw of iSI^orth Yai-mouth, taken to be used in a 
Maritime cause by Appeal at s"^ Court to be holden at 
Salem in the County of Essex on the first Tuesday of Novem- 
ber A. D. 1777 Wherein James Cargill Esq & others are 
Libellants & Stephen Hall & Peleg Crooker are Claimants 

Sealed & Delivered to the said Cargill at whose Request it 
was taken 

p"" David Mitchell J. P. 



Selectmen of TJiomaston to General Court. 

To His Excellency the Governor the Honorable the Senaie 
and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts Jan'' 1781 

We the Subscribers Beg Leave to iutonri your Excellency 
& Honors that the Selectmen of Thoraaston received a Re- 
solve from the great and general Court that this Town 
Should furnish the Army with cattle well fatted for beef to 
the amount of three Thousand four Hundred and twenty 
iwo pounds or money sufficient to purchase said Cattle, the 
selectmen immediately called a to^vn meeting and Laid the 



T8 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

Resolve before the Town at a full meeting of the Inhabitants 
and the Inhabitants seeing the impossibility of procuring 
the Cattle or the money to purchase them with under 
our deplorable scituation moved that the Town should Choose 
a Committee that should make Report what wold be best for 
the Town to act ; thereupon three men were then chosen as a 
Committee for the porpose the Committee upon Considering 
the matter see that it was not in the power of the Town to ful- 
fill the Resolve of Court though their wills appeared good 
and discovered a desire to Do all in their power: the Com- 
mittee thought best not to deceive the Fathers of this Com- 
monwealth knowing that a disappointment of provisions 
would be of bad Consequence being so well acquainted with 
the Circimistances of the Town that if the town Should vote 
to Suply the quantity of Beef it wold not be in their power 
and therefore Reported that we are not able to pay the Tax 
now Laid upon us at present, and therefore think proper to 
acquaint the Court of our inability and to Choose a Com- 
mitee for that purpose. — 

We being a Committee for that purpose Desire to inform 
your Excellency Honors the whole Truth of the aifare: First 
thare is not one fat Beast in this Town — nor in the three 
towns on S' Georges River also our Cattle are very much 
thinned not more than a quarter part of the usual N^umber 
Left and the Want of English Hay and grain prevents Stall 
feeding any: the fall of the year is the only Time we have 
any that can be called Beef and provision is so scarce here 
now that if it was equally distributed to each Family There 
is not Enough in the Town to Last may out : secondly money 
is very scarce here and there is not any prospect of its being 
plentier as all our Coasters are stopped not one Vessel Left 
belonging to this River and the Cruisers are so plenty that 
Vessels Cannot come in from other plases to Carry away our 
Lumber which is the only way we used to have to bring money 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 79 

among us and if that Buisenes, conteners to be stopped we 
cannot pay our taxes and our fameles must suffer: But if 
it were possibel that two or three armed Veseles Could Cruise 
on the eastern shore to protect the Costers or Costing Busi- 
ness money would grow plenty and then we could pay our 
Taxes as well as other Towns and Exept that can be effected 
we cant mack any great assistance which we are verey sorry 
for = Thirdly : we cannot send any Boats a fishing but they 
are all Robbed or taken by the Enemy and if any boats hap- 
pens to comm into this River with provision the price of 
every article is so high we Cannot purchase much: and also 
Last Winter we Were obliged to keep a guard at Camden and 
furnished them with provision until thay were Released by 
General Wadsworth's arrival : These are the Cause from 
which our present Inability of paying our Taxes at present 
ariseth, all which are Humbly Submitted to the Considera- 
tion of your Excellency and Honors by 

Nath" Fales 

Jeremiah Tolman 

Rich"^ Kating \ Committee 

Isaac Washburn 

Daniel Morse 

In Senate March S''' 1781 

Read & Sent down 

Jer: Powell Presi'' 



Petition of Selectmen of Pepper ellhorough to General Court. 

To the Honorab'^ Senate and Honorab' House of Represen- 
tatives of of the Common Wealth of Massachusetts 
The Petition of the Selectmen of tlie Town of Pepperrell- 
borough in the County of Vork in bolialf of the Inhabitants 
of Said Town — Humbly Shews That your Petitioners was 
and are Still of Opinion when the Last Valuation was Settled, 



80 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

that the Town of Pepperrellboro was Set Higher in s'^ Valua- 
tion then its Due proportion with y® Neighbouring Towns 
after we had made Two Taxes we found our Taxes was much 
higher on farms of Equal Value with Farms in y® Adjacent 
Towns and should Immediately Petition the Hon*^'" General 
Court for Releif had it not have been for an Order of Court 
for a new valuation and a Promise to those Towns that Was 
set too high in the Last: that Equal Justice shou'd be done 
them in the next — We have Ever Since the Afores'd Valu- 
ation Done what has been in our Power to do toward Paying 
of Taxes and Raising men &c for the Service of the United 
States as well as for this Common Wealth as we have done 
ever since the Commencement of the present war and we are 
of Opinion that no Town has furnished the armies with more 
men than the town of Pepperrellbor" has, agreable to the 
Number of Inhabints thereof: on Every Occassion in the 
year 1777 the Continental army was Raised for three years 
on or During the war every Seventh man was Called for 
our Towns Proportion was Twenty Seven but instead thereof 
Thirty Eight inlisted and went in the army which was Eleven 
more than our Quota out of which eleven only had Returned, 
the Remainder we Suppose Must be Still in y® army During 
y® war or Dead — but according to y^ best Enquiry we can 
Make we suppose we have now our Quota of Men in the Con- 
tinental army — and to our Great Grief your Petitioners 
Find y^ Town of Pepperrellbor° Called upon by a Resolve of 
this Common Wealth Dec"" S** 1780 for more men than an 
Equal proportion with Other Towns in this County — and 
also in the Last Beef Tax we have added to us a considerable 
Quantity of Beef more than Our Proportion of Taxes as 
they Stand Agreable to y^ Last Valuation — We Wou^ here 
Inform your Honors to Account for the addition of men for 
y® army and Beef upon this Town we are unable Wherefore 
we Pray your Honor to Take under Consideration y° Dis- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 81 

tress y^ Tcrti of Pepperrellbor° is likely to be in by being 
overburdened by y^ afores^ Resolve and last Beef Tax as well 
as by y® Last Valuation Act and Grant Such Releif as in 
your Great Wisdom you Shall See Meet and your Petitioner 
as in Duty Bound Shall ever pray &c 

Rich'' Burke \ Select Men 

Humphry Pike I Pepperrellbor" 
Pepperrellbor" January 1st 1781 



Petition of Nath^ Green Moodij. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts. To the Honorable the 
Senate and the Honorable the House of Representatives 
in General Court Assembled — 
The Petition of Nathaniel Green Moody late of Falmouth 
in the County of Cumberland humbly Sheweth — T[ That 
your Petitioner did on the fourteenth Day of October 1766 
Mortgage a lot of Land on which he Dwelt containing forty 
Square Rods with the Buildings thereon to Jonathan Sewell 
Esq"" late of Charlestown an Absentee for one hundred and 
fifty Pounds thirteen Shillings and Eight pence that in the 
Destruction of the Town by Cap* Mowat your Petitioner lost 
all his Buildings which were very Valuable — ^ That your 
Petitioner was at that time Clerk of the Town and one of 
the Committee and was obliged to attend the Town Meeting 
to Consult the Safety of the whole Community that ho 
Ordered his Family to Carry the Town Record out of Town 
at all Events tlio' they neglected their own Effects which 
was Comply'd with whereby it was put out of the Power of 
your Petitioner or his Family to save many things and on 
that account Lost to a Large amount which they might Other- 
ways have saved that your Petitioner Applied to the Town 
for Compensation who replied that they were not able to do 



82 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

any thing for him by all which means your Petitioner has 
been Reduced to Poverty and Distress your Petitioner there- 
fore prays your honors to order the Mortgage to be Cancelled 
that he may sell it for the small sum it will fetch that he may 
be enabled to support hims'lf and Family and your Petitioner 

as in Duty bound shall ever Pray 

]^at. Green Moody 

In Senate Jan^ 6*'^ 1781 

Read & ordered that Jed'' Preble Esq'' with such as the 
Honorable House shall join be a Committee to take into con- 
sideration this Petition & report what may be proper to be 
done thereon 

Sent down for Concurrence Jer : Powell, Presi"^* 

In the House of Representatives Jan^ 6 : 1781 

Read & concurred & CoP Grow & M'' Wells are joined 

Caleb Davis Speaker 

The Committee of both Houses appointed to take into 

consideration the above said Petition beg leave to report that 

the petitioner I^. G. Moody have leave to withdraw his 

petition 

Jedediah Preble p'' order 
In Senate Jan'' 11'^ 1781 

Read & accepted 

Sent down for Concurrence Jer: Powell Presi**' 



Memorial of Town of Cape Elizabeth. 

The Honourable Senate and the Honourable House of Repre- 
sentatives in General Court Assembled. 

January 1781 
This Memorial Humbly Sheweth: That we Your 
Memorialists The Selectmen of the Town of Cape Elizabeth 
in said Common Wealth: Do in behalf of Said Town beg 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 83 

leave to lav Before vour Honours Sundry Grievences under 
which this Town Labours, and that it is our Duty in Justice 
to our Selves in this way to Apply our Selves To the Honour- 
able Court for Eedress — t But before we proceed beg leave 
to Say (which we can in Justice do) that ever since the 
Commencement of the Just and Necessary war (on our part) 
with Great Britain, For the Security and Enjo}Tnent of our 
rights and Priviledges, we have with Great unanimity and 
Chearfullness Comply'' with all the orders of Court for the 
raising men Money and Cloathing for the Carrying on of 
the war as far as we were able, and that we are Still willing 
and Determined in a Just proportion with our Fellow Sub- 
jects in General to Support the war with our lives and 
Fortunes to the last Extremity — | The Greviences are as 
Followeth Viz' — Ever Since the Year 1778 when the Val- 
uation was Taken this Town has paid for one Hundred Polls 
more than there were in the Town at that time, nor is our 
paying for said Polls all the Difficulty we Labour under on 
that account. For we Justly suppose that when men and 
Cloathing are Call'd for that we are obliged to raise a Greater 
number of men and an undue proportion of Cloathing on 
that account, which has Greatly Exhausted and brought us 
very low — We also beg leave to Inform the Honourable 
Court that our loss of men in the Army and at sea (agreeable 
to a list herewith Exhibited) has been Exceeding Great which 
lias so greatly augmented the number of Poor Widows and 
Orphan Children amongst us that none who are Touch^ with 
fealings of Humane Nature can behold without Droping a 
tear of pitty and Condolence, many of them have Houses 
and lands (such as they bo) which are taken in the lists of 
J^states lately sent to Court which they cant possibly pay 
taxes for unless they sell them and in that case the most 
of tliem muHt 1)0 supported by the Town and the Towns 
being o]>liged to pay taxes for them Increases our burden — 



84 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

1 Furthermore We would Inform the Honourable Court that 
we have no Trade not haveing one Vessel in this Town for 
Carrying on the Foureign Trade or Coasting business, All 
the Navagation we are possest of is a few small Fishing boats, 
so that we are obliged to go out of Town to purchase every 
article of Foureign Consumption and a Considerable part of 
the Necessaries of life of this Countrys produce which Drains 
us of our money — We also Beg leave to say that for several 
years past we have paid so much more than our Just pro- 
portion of the Publick Tax that unless we have a proper 
Allowance for the same we shall soon be reduced to such an 
Impoveresh^ Condition as not to be able to pay Taxes for 
the future which we apprehend will by no means be for the 
Good of the Common Wealth — f When we look up to his 
Excellency and Honours in General Court Assembled as the 
Political parent of this Common-Wealth We Flatter our- 
selves they will not look upon it Impertinant or Persumeing 
in us; if we remind their Honours: that in the Course of 
the last Summer, this Eastern Shore has Been so Infested 
by the Enemy"" armed Boats and other small Vessels from 
Penobscutt that many Coarsting Vessels and Fishermen have 
been taken from other Towns and also two Fishing Vessels 
from us, which obliged our Fishermen to keep in the Har- 
bour a Considerable part of the best of the season for their 
business, which as it lessons our Little Incom it serves to 
render it less able to bair up under our Burden, — Within a 
few Days past These Insedeous wretches, cut two schooners 
out of the Harbour of Falmouth one Belonging to that Town, 
the other to marblehead. These Captures were made by the 
Famous or rather Infamous Cap* John Long who lately 
Broke Goal in Falmouth, and it is thought by the most 
Juditious and Deserving among us, that unless some Vigor- 
ous and Effectual Measures are taken by the Honourable 
Court to cover this Eastern Shore from the ravages of the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 85 

Enemy, tliat N^ext Summer the Eastern Inhabitants of this 
Common AYealth will not be able to Carry on the Coasting 
business Xor to Cetch fish for their own Familys Consump- 
tion, which will greatly effect the Tradeing Towns in the 
West — "[We your Memorialists relying on the Wisdom 
Justice and Compassion of the Honourable Court, Beg leave 
to lay this Memorial Before Your Excellency and Honours, 
Praying, that you would take it into your wise and Paternal 
Consideration and grant us such Redress as you in your 
Wisdom shall think fit as we your Memorialists in Duty 
Bound shall Ever Pray — 

Nath^ Staple Selectmen of the 

Stephen Randell ) town of Cape 
David Strout / Elizabeth 

A True List of the men Died mising and Absent Since the 
Commencement of the Present war Likewise those who has 
this mark X has left wives and Children in the town of 
Cape Elizabeth — 

James Dyer Jun' John Jordan Ju° 

Jabez Dyer Tho^ Jordan S'' 

Joseph Maxwell Alexander Pollock 

Thos Maxwell Solomon Jackson 

Nath' Staple Ju"" Sam' Robinson 

Rich"" Jordan Jun' Sam> Gammon 

Robert M^Creight John Preston X 

David Woodson John Gammon 

James Cobb Edward Avery X 

Jeremiah Jordan Wm. Fowler 

Israel Jordan Jonathan Webster 

Isaac Jordan Nath' Sawyer 

W" Jordan Tho" Webster 

Nath' Wheeler left one child W'" M'Callen 
Joseph Wheeler Tho" Nich" Chershind 



86 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Sam' Jordan 
Tho^ Jones 
Joseph Cobb X 
Walter Simonton X 
Peter Dyer X 
Ebenezer Robinson X 
Robinson Prentice 
Matbew [ torn ] 
James Webber X 
John Strout 
David Strout Jr. 
Isaac Battle X 
Christopher Strout X 
William Sawyer 
Tho^ York 
Timothy Eldridg 
Lemuel Sawyer 
Benj'' Dyer X 
Joseph Stanford 
Abraham Bryant Jr 
Robert Herinton X 
Robert Jemison X 
Ebenezer Jordan 
Robert Jordan X 
Edmund Jordan 



Rich'' Langley X 
John Curate X 
Andrew Jordan 
Joseph Hat«h X 
Jon'' Sawyer 
W" Plummer 
James Stanford 
Josiah Stanford J"" 
Barnabas Sawyer X 
Reuben Sawyer 
Hezekiah Sawyer 
Asa Sawyer 
Josiah Skilling's Son 
Cap* Loring Cushing 
Jonathan Strout X 
Sam" Cash X 
James Dimble 
Sam' Dimble 
Francis Cash 
Stephen Cash 
Robert Stanford J' X 
Joseph Parker X 
W" Thomas X 
John Bryant 
Ebenezer Sawyer 



Those be Absent for Several years and we know not 
where. — 



Wm Stanford 
James Horton 
Jon*" Fairbanks X 
Ephraim Sawyer 



James Allen 
Judah Dyer X 
Wm Maxwell X 
George Smith X 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 87 

Ephraim Crocket X Jacob Webb } 

John McDanie] X David Fairbanks i Absentees 

Thos Jent 

David Stront 1 Selectmen 

Stephen Randel / of said 

Nath' Staples ) [ torn ] 

Cape Elizabeth Janu'' 6 1781 
Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives February 17 1781 
Whereas it appears to this Court that the Town of Cape 
Elizabeth in the County of Cumberland v^as Charged with 
one Hundred Polls More than their was in said Town at the 
time the last valuation was settled ^ Therefore Resolved 
that eight shillings four Pence be abated from the Propor- 
tion sett on the Town of Cape Elizabeth to the Thousand 
Pound in the Last Valuation and that they be allowed out 
of the next State Tax sett on s"* Town all such sum or Sums 
of Money that shall appear they have paid in Consequence 
of Said Hundred Polls. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speaker 
In Senate February 17*M781 

Read & Concurred 

Jer: Powell Presid* 

Approv'd John Hancock 

Oen^ Wadsworth to Gov. Hancock. 

Sir 

In mine of the twenty eighth of Nov"" last, I acquainted 
your Excellency that the public Stores here particularly 
Bread, was nearly expended & that the Engagement of the 
Troops was almost up, with sundry other matters relative to 
this Dep^ Since which I have rec'd neither Supplies nor 
Directions excepting that I had the honour of your Excel- 



88 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

lency's of the IS'*" Ul' respecting the Petition of Lucy 
Eittal (to which I immediately return'd an answer dated 
23 Ul^) 

I have now to inform Your Excellency that, about the 
twentieth of last month, having no bread, & the Severity of 
the weather for the time preventing my Craft from getting 
the Beef Collecting in the remoter parts of the County; be- 
sides the Soldiers being almost unfit for any Duty for want 
of Cloths & their Term of Service expiring in about a fort- 
night, the whole of the Troops here, except a Subaltern & 
thirty Men, were discharg'd At the same time passed this 
Place on their way home, the Company that had serv'd 
at Machias the past season; so that now the whole Country 
on either Side Bagaduce from this Place to Machias, but for 
the Inhabitants, lays open to the Enemy; their Small 
Cruisers are very frequent on the Coast & there is scarce a 
Vessel left in the County of Lincoln. 

There is four Small Cruisers from Bagaduce (the only 
Xaval Force left, except a Letter of Mark Brig of 16 Guns) 
which are Steadily on this Shore & have of late cut out Sev- 
eral valuable Vessels from their Moorings. 

The post at Falmouth will be destitute of Troops (ten or 
twelve half naked Matrosses excepted) by the twentieth 
Inst : & here I may not omit asking your Excellency's Pardon 
for my Misrepresentation of that Post in mine of the twenty 
eighth of ^N^ov*" It having been thot proper to dismiss part of 
the Troops there with my knowledge. ^ The Subaltern & 
thirty men retain'd here are divided between this Place & 
Cambden, for the Subsistence of which Bread is borrow'd 
from the Inhabitants in Expectation of having it replaced on 
the Arival of public Stores. 

Inclosed is a Letter which I received from Col° Allan, I 
intreat your Excellency to consider whether the disagreeable 
representations from this Dep* ought to be looked upon as 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 89 

troublesome, or whether they are a necessary Information, 
describing a Disease that a remedy may be applied. 

Is it not necessary that there should be some Troops on 
either Side of the Enemy to prevent their Depredations, & 
(what is of much the greatest Importance) to prop the Minds 
of the Inhabitants ? Is it not necessary to have two or three 
Small Cruisers on this Shore to counteract those of the 
Enemy, to have the Small remainder of our Coasters & to 
prevent Mixt Trade ? 

And is it not necessary that a Small Number of Troops 
Should be station'd this winter at Falmouth to keep the 
Fortifications in readiness & the Stores Safe. Certainly thus 
much at least is necessary this winter & much more in the 
Spring unless the County of Lincoln is to be entirely relin- 
quished in which Case the Inhabitants might make a petit 
guerre of their own. 

The Bearer Waterman Thomas Esq"" can give your Ex- 
cellency Any needed Information respecting this Quarter, & 
Should any thing be undertaken, would be a very suitable 
person to collect supplies &c in this County. 

I impatiently wait some return from your Excellency & 
in the meantime I have the honour to be with great respect 

Your Excellency's most obedient & very humble Servant 

Peleg Wadsworth B G 
Thomaston 10 Jan^ 1781 

His Excellency John Hancock Esq' &c 

In Senate Jan" 29''' 

Read & sent down Jer : Powell Pres^* 

Order in re Committee of Valuation. 
The Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives January 12 : 1781 
Ordered that Col Dawes M" Jewett & Col" Thacher be a 
Committee to consider of what number the Committee on the 



90 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Valuation shall consist & wliat number to the respective 
Counties 

Jan^ 16: 1781 The Committee appointed to consider 
what number the Committee on the Valuation shall con- 
sist & what number from each County, take liberty to 
report- — that the Committee consist of thirty One, in the 
following proportion viz* Suffolk 4 Essex 4 Middlesex 3 
Hampshire 3 Plymouth 2 Barnstable 2 Bristol 2 Worcester 3 
York 2 Cumberland 2 Lincoln 1 Berkshire 2 Dukes County 
& Nantuckett 1 Total 31 

Jan^ 17 — 1781 — Ordered that the following Gentle- 
men be of the Committee for settling a general Valua- 
tion County of Suffolk — Thos Dawes Sam" Barrett & 
Nath> Bayley Esq" and M-" Abner Ellis T[ Essex Cap* 
Holt, Cap* Higginson Cap* Adams & M"" Frazier Middle- 
sex Major Hosmer Tho^ Brooks Esq & Cap* Read 
Tl Hampshire Col° Goodman M-" Ely & M"" Smead ^Barn- 
stable M"" ISTye of Sandwich & M"" Paine ^Plymouth Hon 
James Warren Esq' & Cap* Kingman ^f Bristol Col° Pope & 
Col° Peck T[ Worcester Cap* Curtis M"" Ammidown & Cap* 
Cowden York l^&tW Wells Esq & M' John Hill | Cum- 
berland Clement Jordan Esq & M"" Small f Lincoln f Wm. 
Lithgow Esq Berkshire Col° John Ashley & James Harris 
Esq"" Dukes County & Nantucket Stephen Hussey Esq"" 

January 18: 1781 The Hon, Sam' Mather Esq' came 
down from the Hon*"'^ Senate with the following Vote of 
Senate Viz* 

In Senate Jan^ 18: 1781 Ordered that W" Sever 
Eleazer Brooks & Jon^ Greenleaf Esq" with such as the 
Hon'''® House may join be a Committee to consider the 
most proper methods to be taken for settling the Valuation 
agreeable to the returns from the several Towns & Plantations 
in this Commonwealth — 

Sent down for Concurrence — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 91 

Eead & concurred & Co^ Dawes M"" Dix M"" Fessenden & 
M"" Tracy are joined 

Jan^ 23: 1781 The Hon. Ephraim Starkweather Esq" 
came down from the Hon. Senate appointing James Barker 
Esq of the Committee to consider the most proper method to 
settle a Valuation &c, in the room of Eleazer Brooks Esq who 
is absent — sent down for Concurrence — Read & concurred 
& M"" Xash is appointed upon the above Committee in the 
room of M"" Dix who is absent. 

Jan'' 24: 1781 The Hon: Mr Mather came down from 
the Hon. Senate with a Vote of Senate appointing Eleazer 
Brooks Esq. to consider the best method to settle a Valuation 
&c in the place of W"' Sever Esq excused — sent down for 
Concurrence — Read & concurred & M"" Ammidown & Cap' 
Curtis are appointed in the room of Col. Dawes and M"" 
Tracy who are absent 

Feb'' 1 : 1781 The Hon. Sam^ ISTiles Esq. came down from 
the Hon Senate with the following viz' Ordered that Josiah 
Stone Eleazer Brooks John Bliss Ephraim Starkweather & 
Increase Sumner Esq. be a Committee on the part of the 
Senate, to confer with such Committee as the Hon"'^ House 
shall appoint upon the subject matter of a report of the Com- 
mittee of both Houses Upon the most proper Method to settle 
a Valuation Sent down for Concurrence — Read & con- 
curred & Gen' Warren M"" Gerry M' Ellis M"" Bacon & M"^ 
Dunbar are joined. 

Feb'' 2 : Ordered that M"" Higginson be of the Committee 
to confer with a Committee of the Hon Senate upon the 
Matter of a Valuation in the room of Gen' Warren who is 
absent 

Feb'' 3: 1781 The Committee of Conference on the part 
of the House for settling the Valuation reported verbally that 
the valuation originate with the House and after it is ac- 
cepted by the House be sent up to the Senate for Concurrence 



92 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

or Amendment which was accepted as settled by Committee 
of Conference of both Houses and it was thereupon Ordered 
that the Committee appointed to settle a Valuation do sit 
immediately 

Afternoon *[ Hon. M"" Gorham came down from the 
Hon"'^ Senate to propose a Conference relative to the settling 
a Valuation ^M"" Bacon went up to the Hon. Senate to ac- 
quaint the Senate that the House agreed to the Proposal of 
the hon*"' Senate [and] 

FeV 5: 1781 The Hon M'' ]^iles came down from the 
Hon"® Senate proposing to postpone the Conference relative 
to the Valuation tomorrow 3 OClock. ^ M'' Barrett went up 
to the Hon. Senate to acquaint them the House do not agree 
to postpone the Conference but propose agreeable to assign- 
ment to have the Conference immediately & that the Usual 
Seats were assigned for the hon*"'® Senate; The Hon Mr. 
Gorham came down from the hon^'® Senate to acquaint the 
House that by reason of the Severity of the Weather & their 
Xumbers being few, they therefore again propose [or] 
OClock to morrow Afternoon IfM'' Kollock went up to the 
hon**^® Senate to acquaint them the House agreed to their last 
Proposal 

FeV 6; 1781 The Hon. M"" Gorham came down from 
the hon'''® Senate to acquaint the House that the Senate was 
ready to proceed to the proposed Conference relative to the 
Valuation TfM"" Bacon went up to the Hon. Senate to 
acquaint the Senate the House were ready to proceed to the 
proposed Conference ^ And after the Conference was ended 
it was ordered that the Vote of Saturday last accepting the 
Report of the Committee of Conference upon the Valuation 
be reconsidered and thereupon Ordered that the Committee 
appointed to settle a Valuation do sit immediately — 
^ Ordered that M"" Nash be of the Committee on the Valua- 
tion for the County of Berkshire in room of Col. Ashley who 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 93 

is absent *^ The Hon. M'' Phillips came down from the Hon 
Senate to desire that the House would serve the Senate with 
an attested Copy of their Proceedings relative to a Valuation 
T; M'' Henshaw went up to the Hon. Senate to acquaint the 
Senate the House have ordered their Clerk to make out an 
attested Copy of their Proceedings relative to a Valuation & 
when finished will be sent up to the honorable Senate 
A Copy of Record Attest 

And. Henshaw Clerk to the House 



Resolve. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Jan'' 13*'' 1781 
On the Petition of James Cargill praying for Liberty to 
be heard upon the floor of y* Hon*''" House relative to the 
damage he has sustained in Consequence of the Sloop l^Tancy's 
being taken from him after she was Legally Condemned, in 
a Court of Admiralty as set forth in his Petition, *| Re- 
solved that the Prayer of y^ Petition be granted «& that the 
said James Cargill have liberty to be heard upon the floor of 
y^ House Relative to the Matter mentioned in his Petition, 
on Monday 15"* Jan. at three oclock in y® afternoon — 
Read & accepted 

Report on Furnishing Supplies By Touni of Thomaston. 

At a Meeting of the legal Voters of the Town of Thomas- 
ton on Monday the fifteenth Day of Jan^ A D 1781 at the 
Dwelling House of M"" Oliver Robins in said Town, agreeable 
to a Notification for that Purpose, In Obedience to a Resolve 
of the General Court for furnishing a Number of Cattle or 
Money sufficient to supply a quantity of Beef for the Sup- 
port of the Army the present Year 



94 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Voted and Chose David Fales Esq ; Moderator On a Motion 
made and seconded, voted that a Committee be chosen to 
prepare a Vote for this Town to pass upon the present Affair, 
Nathanael Fales, John Simonton, Elisha Snow, Committee 
The Committee Reported as followeth viz. ''We beg leave 
to report, That we are not able at present to pay the Tax 
now laid upon us, and therefore we think proper to acquaint 
the Court of our Inability of paying; and also to choose a 
Committee for the same Purpose, I^ath' Fales Chairman" 

Which Report was accepted, and thereupon Voted that 
Mess" ISTathanael Fales, Isaac Washburn Daniel Morse Jere- 
miah Tolman, & Richard Kating, be the Committee. Then 
Voted that this Meeting be desolved. 

David Fales Moderator. 
A true Copy Attest David Fales Town Clerk 



Petition Town of Fryehurgh. 

Common Welth of Massachusetts To the Hon' the Senet 
and House of Representatives — 
The Petition of Simon Frye in behalf and by the Direction 
of the Inhabitants of the Town of Fryehurgh humbly 
sheweth — that said Inhabitants were at great expence in 
looking out by different routs for a road to said Town and 
Clearing Fifty four Miles through an uninhabited Country 
in Order to move their families that the unseasonable Frosts 
have cut of their Crops for many years so that they were 
obliged to transport great part of their provisions from Bos- 
ton — that they were at great expence on the Roads to Fal- 
moth and Sauco which together with many other expences 
and Difficulties must have brok up the Settlement had it not 
been for the Vigorous Exertions of some of them and the 
assistance of their friends — by reason of s'^ Frosts and 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 95 

Freshets which have frequently proved hurtful to our Grain 
we have scarsely ever been able to raise a sufficiency thereof 
for the Town notwithstanding they have been obliged to part 
with grain at some seasons ; for salt and other Necessaries it 
always is wanted in the Town before the year comes about ■ — 
that the Transportation from Falmouth which is the nearest 
market Town (by reason of the badness of the road and 
extraordinary blocking Snows was not less then five shilling 
p"" Hund^ w' in lawful silver money before the present war — 
that said Town is under great disadvantages on acount of 
keeping sheep which is so Necessary for Clothing in these 
times for altho we have much exerted ourselves in that matter 

— we are disapointed and have suifered much Loss in them 
as well as in other young Cretures) by reason of the wild 
beasts of the wilderness — our Plantation being New and 
many of the Inhabitants very Indigent when they went 
theither: have not as yet by far the greatest part of them 
been able to procure themselves Houses comfortable to live 
in — that their unavoidable Expence as a Propriety & a 
Town are very great : these and many other difficulties in- 
cident to new Towns renders us incapable of paying so large 
a Tax as those Towns that lye better Situate and more im- 
prov'd said Town by order of the Honorable Court is As- 
sess'd — May 15'*' 1780 in the sum of £8400.00 — In Ocf 
24 1780 in a sum of 8400-00 In a silver mony Tax of the 
Sum of 108 00 and Two Beef Taxes one of 3600 "' at 30/ 
p' pound — 5400 00 another of 6915 '" wt, at 30/ pr pound 

— 10372-100 — Sura Total of said sums is £32680 10-0 
= Including the Silver mony Tax in the \'alue of Silver — 
The Charges arising in the Town for hiring Soldiers the 
year past and other Necessary Charge is 12910 00 Tf The 
above said Sums yet remain Due the Town have not been 
Able to Discharge any of them and tliink themselves entirely 
unable to pay the whole there of in there Circumstances — 



96 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Ti ISTotwithstanding our Indigent Circumstances we feel our 
selves as willing to exert our selves for the suport of Gov- 
ernment and Carrying on the war as any people in the Com- 
monwealth, (according to our ability — But we humbly 
Conceive we have more laid upon us then our due proportion 
with other Towns Compareing Abilities and Circumstances 
— wherefore humbly pray the Honorable Court to take our 
Case into their Consideration and make such abatements of 
said Taxes as they in their wisdom shall think just and 
Reasonable — and your Petitioner as in Duty bound shall 

ever pray 

Simon Frye 
Boston January 18*" 1781 



Resolve in Favor Town of Fryeburgh. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives February 16 1781 
On the petition of Simon Fry in the behalf of the Town 
of Fryburgh Setting forth that said Town hath been taxed 
a much larger Sum than their Equal Proportion by Reason 
of S"* Towns being Doomed near Double to what S*^ Town 
ought to have Stood in the last Valuation. ^ Therefore Re- 
solved that the Treasurer of this Common Wealth be & he 
is hereby Directed to Stay his Executions from the Town of 
Fryburgh untill the further order of the General Court pro- 
vided the s^ Town of Fryeburgh Pays the one half of all the 
Taxes laid on s*^ Town Since The Last valuation was taken. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speaker 
In Senate February 16''' 1781 

Read & Concurred 

Jer: Powell Presi"* 

Approv'd John Hancock 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 97 

Petition of Paul Revere. 

To the Hon'''^ the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
Massachusetts State, in General Court Assembled 
The Petition of Paul Revere who commanded a Corps of 
Artillerv in the States service — Sheweth — That Your 
Petitioner while in said service had a complaint prefered 
against him to the Hon''' Council by one Thomas Jeners 
Carnes, for misconduct on the Expedition to Penobscot; on 
which Complaint, Your Petitioner was Arrested by the 
Hon'''^ Council ; two days after ; the Arrest aforesaid was 
taken off and Your Petitioner Ordered to attend the ex- 
amination of a Committee for investigating the Causes of 
the failure of that Expedition ; that He as in duty bound 
attended said Committee; and, as your Petitioner under- 
stands, the report of said Committee, was never excepted by 
both Houses. 

That in such a situation as must be deemed greivous to any 
Officer, Your Petitioner, petitioned the then Hon'''* Council 
and House of Representatives six different times, between 
the 6'" of Septem-" 1779, and the 8*^ of March 1780, for a 
Tryal by a Court Martial, but did not obtain one, till about 
a fortnight before the time expired for which said Corps was 
raised. When the Hon'''^ Council Ordered a Court Martial, 
and appointed CoP Edward Procter President, which Court 
!Martial was never summoned by the President, and of course 
never mett. The time expiring for which Your Petitioner 
was engaged ; He has remained ever since suffering all the 
indignity which his Enemies, who He conceives have made it 
a personal affair, are pleased to impose on him. 

Vour Petitioner therefore most earnestly Prays this 
Hon'''® Assembly, to take his case under consideration and 
Order either a Court Martial or a number of Officers, three, 
five, seven, or any number the Hon"'" Court may see proper 



98 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Continentals or Militia properly qualified; who may enquire 
into his conduct on said expedition, and report, (all the evi- 
dence for and against Your petitioner is in writing sworn too 
before the above Committee, and now among the Hon*''^ 
Councils papers,) that the truth may appear and be published 
to the World. And Your Petitioner as in duty bound will 
ever pray &" Paul Revere 

Boston Jan^ 22 1781 



Petition of Philip Maret. 

To the Hon"' Senate & House of Representatives of the Com- 
mon Wealth of the Massachusetts 

The Petition of Philip Marett Cap' in Col° Tho^ Crafts' 
late State Regiment of Artillery 

Humbly Sheweth that your petitioner was in the Said 
Regiment from its first forming till sometime in Jan^ 1779, 
when he was Regularly Discharged by the Hon'''^ Council to 
Serve his Country in another Department most the officers 
in Said Regiment has Received there Depreciation, some of 
them who have Recived it left the Service before your Peti- 
tioner. — Your Petitioner was in that unfortunate Expedition 
to Penobscut: a Lieu* on bourd the Ship Sky Rockett where 
he lost his Cloaths & Beding for which of his Services he has 
Recived nothing. — Your Petitioner begs your Honor's to 
Grant him his Depreciation & in Duty bound shall ever 
Pray &c Th : Marett 

Boston Jan^ 22'' 1781 

Boston FeF 24'M781 

These Certify all whom it may concern, that Capt Phillip 
Merett was regularly discharged by Order of the Hon'''® 
Council from the Mass'^ Regiment of Artillery, while under 
my Command Tho^ Crafts 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 99 

Resolve in Favor of James Cargill Esq. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives January 22^ 1781 

On the Petition of James Cargill Esq. T[ Resolved 

that there be paid out of the Treasury of this State to the 

said James Cargill the Sum of five ^ hundred and forty two 

Pounds nine Shillings in the Bills of Credit of the New 

Emission in full for Losses and Damages he hath sustained, 

on account of the Sloop Xancy, captured by him the said 

Cargill in the year 1775. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speaker 
In Senate Jan^ 23*^ 1781 — 

Read & Concurred w'** an Amendment at A viz, at A dele 

the word five and Insert four — 

Sent down for Concurrence 

Jer: Powell Presi"*' 

In the House of Representatives Jan^ 23 : 1781 

Read & Concurred 

Approv'd John Hancock 

W drawn 25'^ inst. 

Caleb Davis Speaker 

John Springer to General Court. 

Sir Immeadst of a see of troble I think on a former Ac- 
quantance with your honor I Cannot forbear tacking the 
freedom to acquant your honor Somewhat of our Deplorable 
Sittwashon we hear att frenchmans Bay have been afruntear 
Ever sence the Enemy took stashon att Bageduse for all the 
inliabbatnts Betweaen we and them did fall in withe the 
Enemy and took the oath of fydelity to their king and we 
have kept our Lines ever sence with out the assistance of any 
one tell this fall we wase oblged to Call on our Neabours 



100 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

Eastward of us and obtaind Eighteen of Col° Aliens atteacli- 
ment all mecbias to our assistance and Seance theay Left 
us our Xeabours on Mount Deasert Island have the more 
parts of them Been up to the Enemey and taken the oath of 
fydelitj allso — Soo that all this Deay we are all most Sur- 
rounded on Every Quarter by the Enemy and their Subjeacts 
— which Renders our Case more Diffucult and Discurgeing 
then Before — soo that our fears are not bearly from whate 
we have Expearanced this fall but what the Approching 
Spring and Sommer may Bring Abought — But Still we 
flatter ourselves that sence our Constitushon has taken place 
and soo worthy a man att the head of our Commonwealth that 
their will be something Done for Bageduse — 

Dear Sir Ant it ameasing to think on? that About three 
hundred Brittish trops and about fifty Refugees cast[e] upon 
Bageduse neack in A littel fort with about Eight Carrege 
Guns Should keep all this Steat in an uproer taking and Dis- 
troying all our Navegashon and fishery, ameasing in Dead — 
I Could wish I had an hundred thousand pounds and the 
athority would give me Liberty to Lay it out in the Reduck- 
shon of Bageduse I now of now way I Could Lay it out with 
soo much plesure ass I Could in that weay if I ware sure it 
never would be Replast to me Again — in Dead Sir I think 
if their wase proper measurs pursued It would be an easey 
preay with a Good man, att helme Except the Great God 
Should frown on us ass it seam'' he Did att our Defeat — 
But I have faith to think that he is yeat on our side and will 
finily vouchsafe our cause if we put our trust in him who Is 
the God of ai-meys — 

Sir we now present a potishon for some assistance pro- 
vided their Should be No Expedishon formed Against Baga- 
duse this Spring and hope it will be taken under your honors 
wise Considrashon in General Assembly for should there be 
nothing Done for us tiss Emposable for us to keep our Lines 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 101 

ass Bageduse is within : 30 : miles of us and niecchias 70 
from ns Soo that we can Geat noo assistance from that before 
theav might Distroy our whole Settlment and if we Should 
Give Back hear their Is no prospict of another Stand being 
made teel theay come to Machias — Sir is it posable for 
[line missing] 

Body Can be Allways Deaf to our Most Sencear Repree- 
senttashous thoughtless of our approching Danger and Leave 
us a pray to the Cowardly Discretion of our Emplagable 
Enemyes and Loose soo vealewable apart of this State Ass 
will onavidably fall in to their hands unless a Speedy 
Mathord be taken for its Safty — Sir It is the oppinion 
of thinking men amongst us if we had a hund*^ and fifty or 
two hundred men and the inhabbatants put in pay with a 
small matter of artilary we Could hold the Ground with Safty 
and troops Stashoned hear wood be a tarrow to Evil Dears 
who are amounghts us their prelights and Shimcis and such 
for we are not with out such men amounghts us theay Rise 
Daly to our Great Surprise Sir we allmost Dispair for fear 
we are for saken and Given up for we have not Received soo 
much ass any advise from our Leaders this twelve months 
we think att Least we Should have that soo we may the Beter 
know how to Govern our Sieves I preesume to Assart that 
their is a number of well Grounded princable amoungst us 
In faver of our Common Cause who hold themselves in 
Readiness to Jopperd their Lives in Defence of it if your 
honors in your wisdom shall See meet to poynt out some 
proper meathord to prosead in — Between Bagaduce and 
west passemequody their is between :G0 : and :70 : Saw Mills 
which would in the Season of their Gooing Cut two hundred 
Thousand of l^umber Every twenty four bowers that have 
been Silenced Ever Sence the Enemy took poshon of Baga- 
duse is not this a Great Danger to the publick welbe besides 
indivaduals that owns them ameasing what Shall I Say more 



102 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

in my Zeal I Could wright a wole voullom — But not nowing 
whether it will avvile any more than throoing Stones against 
the wind I Conclude with subscribing mv selfe a well wisher 
to the Comon Cause of the Younited States of Amarikey and 
with Respeact your Sencear frind and humble Servant — 

John Springer 
frenchmans Bay the 24' of Jenveary 1781 
In Senate March 10'^ 1781 

Read and Referred to the Governor & Council to take such 
order thereon as they shall think proper 
Sent down for Concurrence 

Jer: Powell Presi*^' 
In the House of Representatives March 10* 1781 
Read & concurred 

Caleb Davis Spk'" 



Memorial of Inhahitants of Frenchman's Bay. 

To the Honourable the Senate & House of Representatives of 
the Common Wealth of Massachusetts. 
The Humble Address of the Distress'd Inhabitants of a 
place commonly known by the name of iSTumber Two, within 
Frenchman's Bay, in the County of Lincoln. — Begs leave 
to Represent to your Honours, That ever since the Com- 
mencm' of the present unhappy War, We have Laboured 
through the Greatest Difficulties, which we have Cheerfully 
bore, & Defended our Privilidges & our Country's Cause, 
against our unnatural Enemies untill the present Day. When 
the Brittons took Possession at Bagueduce the other To^vns 
West of us, fell into their unjust Measures, & took the Oath 
of Fidelity to the Crown of England, we made a Stand & 
absolutely Refused to give up, untill by force of Arms ; after 
the unhappy Defeat at Bagueduce we Retum'd home & Re- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 103 

sumed the same Principle altho all west of us took a Second 
Oath to them, & we still stand out, altho' their Threats & 
Invasions are many ; this Fall a Number of Refugees sallied 
out on us, took a number of Cattle & some Prisoners, but by 
the Dexterity of our Militia the Cattle & Prisoners were soon 
Released, »t the Ring Leader of the Refugees made prison'' 
But finding it was their Absolute Determination to Destroy 
this place totally & we the Frontier, were und"" the Disagree- 
able Necessity to call in to our Assistance some of the Millitia 
from the Towns east of us, & Col° Allan sent us a Lieut, 
with Eighteen State Soldiers all which we were Obliged to 
Support with provisions by Killing our Cattle & Grinding 
up our Grain we had Raised for the Winter, which put us in 
great Distress at present, & some men in particular. 

We find now that it is their Determination to Subdue us 
at all Events, which if they do it is unlikely there will be any 
other Stand untill at Machias ; which cannot Stand long if 
all is Subdued to there, our Distance is Twenty five miles to 
Bagueduce and Seventy to Machias, our Millitia are so 
Pleagued out, & Provision so Scarce that unless Speedily 
Helped, we fear we shall soon fall into their hands, and if we 
do, we must Expect no Mercy, as we have Stood out so long, 
& they so Exasperated against us, — and in particuler the 
Murdersome Refugees whose threats Breaths out nothing 
but Effusion of Blood and Destruction against us, — and if 
this place is Subdued it will be an Inlet to the Enemy for a 
Large Lumber Trade as well as Large Stocks of Cattle und"" 
their Command, Likewise the unavoidable Distress of so 
many True Subjects to the States. 

They have Plunder'd us of all our Navigation even to our 
Fishermen, Stop't all our Trade, & under those Circum- 
stances we have as yet stood out, and Still are Determin'd 
to, untill made Prisoners of War, with our Familys and 
Interest, 



104 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Therefore we humbly pray your Honours to take our Dis- 
tress'd Situation into your Wise Consideration, and Grant 
us such Assistance as in your Wisdom you may think most 
Expedient for us and best for the Common cause of the States. 

And if there can be IvTothing done for our Protection we 

beg leave humbly, your Honours may Grant us a Flag, for 

such as will incline to Move off & Save themselves from 

Ruin. 

Moses Butler 

Thomas Moon / Committee 

William Ingolls / 

N"° 2 Within Frenchmans Bay jany 26, 1781 

M'" Stephen Hardison the Bearer 



Report of Resolutions in re Dr. Joseph Gardner. 

In Senate Jan^ 1781 
The Committee of both Houses appointed to consider the 
Representation of Doctor Joseph Gardner take Leave to Re- 
port the following Resolves which are submitted 

The Committee of both Houses upon the Representation 
of Doctor Joseph Gardner 

Resolved, that Andrew Wisacre and Philip Audibert 
wounded at Penobscott, out patient of the State Hospital, 
are no longer under the directions of D"" Gardner, and he is 
not permitted to allow them Rations : T| Resolved, that the 
Sick Seamen who were Strangers, returned in the Ship Pro- 
tector from her last Cruize, and could not be taken in to the 
State Hospital & had their necessary's from said Hospital 
during their sickness, have the Doctors Bill paid by the 
State, and nothing further. ^ Resolved that the sick negroes 
who were Servants on board said Ship & died, have the 
Doctors Bill paid by the State & nothing further — 



OF TIIK STATE OF MAINE 105 

Resolved, that no funeral Charges be paid by the State 
for any Seamen belonging to the ship Protector, The wages 
of such Seamen as died after the Cruise was up being suffi- 
cient for said purpose & the Necessarys from said Hospital 
and Doctors Bill is paid by the State. ^ Resolved, That 
some Provision be made for a State Hospital other than that 
on Rainsford Island in the Harbour of Boston. 

Sam' Mather p' Order 
In Senate Jan^ 26''^ 1781 
Read & accepted 

Sent down for Concurrence 

Jer: Powell Presi''' 
In the House of Representatives Jan^ 31 : 1781 

Read & concurred 

Caleb Davis Speaker 
Approv'd John Hancock 



J. Allan to President Powell. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

Indian Eastern Department — Machias January 26*'' 1781 

Sirs, I had the Honor of writing your Excellency the 2*^ 
Novmb"" by Capt° Preble since which no sutable oppertunity 
has happened that I could give any Information of Matters 
on this Department. Tf Agreable to what I then Acquainted 
your Excellency Respecting the Meeting of the Indians The 
14"^ of Novemb"" Six Canoes Arived from S* Johns with 
Those I sent Express and Several others from the Neigh- 
bouring Lakes, being anxious about seeing a Priest, did not 
want my going to Passamaquody — we Immediately mot in 
Conference but the Indians so Elated with the sight of a 
Priest & other Agreeable Inteligence Mix'd with Intoxica- 
tion Little coud be done at that Time — Agreed to Meet 



106 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Them at Passamaquodj to fix upon a place for an Incamp- 
ment so to have a General Meeting at Christmas — 1 The 
24'*" November Went to Passamaquody in Company with the 
Priest — After seeing them all — Incampt and a Small 
House Built for the Business of the Winter I returnd to 
Machias the 9^^ of December during my Absense much Dif- 
ficulty Arose respecting Provisions Amoung the Militia, was 
Oblidged to discharge Cap" Andrews Company the 13*^ 
^ On the 20**" December Returnd to Passamaquody where I 
found deputys from S' Johns & Messages from those belong- 
ing on the Confines of Canady & other Villages, the severity 
of the season and the necessity of Keeping at Home to pro- 
cure provisions prevented Many from Coming — but Re- 
ceived Great Tokens of Friendship, Seal & Attachment 
towards the States, with full Authority to hold a General 
Conference. The S''^ of January we mett on business, I 
Acquainted them of the General State of Matters, the Conec- 
tion with the French & other jSTations Explaned to them the 
Message sent by the General Court & French Consul, Repre- 
manded for their Conection with the English at Fort How — 
And Acquainted them what I had proposed to Government 
respecting future Conduct — To, wit That they Keep Upon 
their Hunting Grounds which was within the States — that 
they follow their Hunt — a Truck House to be Established 
for Trade upon An Equitable Footing, A Store House to 
pay them when Imployd — Also necessary presents for such 
who Merits and for the poor and Indigent — to have some 
permainent Method to prevent the Impositions of Petty 
Traders on condition of a Firm Attachment to the States to 
be ready at all Times when call'd upon Either Oifencive or 
Defencive — ^ This plan vvas what I have before Com- 
municated, & what I further found by private Conversation 
Amoung them woud Take the Greatest Effect to wean them 
from the Empresions made by the Britons — Whoes Con- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 107 

duct this fall Amoung the Indians has sett their minds 
wavering, Those on S' Johns have received Cloathing for 
their Whole Famelys, Arm & Amiinition, On Condition they 
wou'd Hunt on the River, Trade at Fort How & not To have 
Any Conection with the States — Their Going to S* Johns 
Last Summer, tho they say it was for to see a Priest, it was 
as Much to Gete supplys, which they were in Great want of 
in that Time, had There Been a Small Assortment for Trade 
or Otherways There it woud have prevented all this — 
^ The Indians in Answer to my Speech made a Declaration 
which in Gen' was that their Zeal affection & attachment was 
towards the United States and were ready at all Times to 
Attend their Call &, Continue in Any Place They should De- 
sire if Properly supported, that the whole of Them on S' 
Johns & Elsewhere woud remove as early as the season 
woud admit — But Necessity Compelled to Go to S^ Johns 
being in the Greatest want for JSTecessarys — They, (and 
perticularly at the present Conference) Express the Greatest 
Affection for the French, the Connection with whome, much 
cements their union with us — The Priest which came from 
the French Fleete, Appears the Most Calculated for the In- 
dians then Any I ever saw — either from the French or 
Britains, the Steps he has taken, the Conduct he pursues — 
gives the Indians the Greatest Satisfaction And which (if 
he is permitted to Tarrys) will be of the Greatest Utility & 
Benefit in Securing the Interest of the Indians — And I am 
now well Convinced if sutable Supplys are Laid in for the 
Indians to prevent their Going to the Britons for Necessarys, 
the whole of them as far as Canada, will Immediately Joyn 
for any sort of Bussiness the States may require & in a short 
Time win the Adjacent Mickmaks if not the whole for the 
Same Purpose — After settling all matters I returned the 
fi'*" January Leaving the Priest & Lieut Delesdernier — the 
former being aged & so Infirm coud not Stand the Cold in an 



108 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

Open Boat — I Expected to have mett the Schooner Nes- 
qiiowoit with Siipplys perticularly some provisions for the 
Indians, Intending to Return Immediately to Passamaquody 
in the Schooner — finding her not there, sent Express to 
Pacify the Indians — The 25^^ the Priest & M"" Delesdernier 
returnd to Machias, Brot Inteligence that the Indians were 
Greatly Incensed at me in not procuring some provisions for 
them & Coming with the Schooner — I Immediately sent off 
some Ammunition and Apply'd to some Inhabitants at Passa- 
maquody to furnish some provisions a Considerable I have 
already procured for which I stand Indepted on my Personal 
Credit ^ The 13*'' the Neshquowoit Arrived, my Trouble & 
Anxiety your Excelency will please permit me to Mention, 
on the Return of the Schooner in Not having some Pro- 
visions for the Indians which I had promised them Agree- 
able to the Message from the HonV Court, &; what Indeed I 
coud not have otherways done to bring them together for the 
business of the Conference, & to Keep a JST umber Adjacent to 
these Settlements to deter the Designs of the Enemy, as other 
Troops coud I^ot be Raised, — A number of these Famelys 
Left S* Johns After their Winter Supplys were Laid in — 
and Several have kept Continualy in the District Intirely 
Devoted to the Service & who have done no Other Business 
for their Livelyhood But Attended their duty as Soldiers 
when called upon Several of them Merrits as much as any 
Imployd in the Service According to their Stations — 
1 By the Resolves of the General Court I perceive nothing 
is done for the Indian Department Except Authorizing Your 
Excellency to Grant an Exclusive Right to some Person for 
the Indian Trade, I did not Take the Liberty to Recommend 
their plan as absolutely settled with the several Tribes, Nor 
Expected if agreed iipon it coud Take place before the In- 
sueing season, In the Interim I fully Relyed & Expected 
that the Indians woud be supply'd with some Provisions for 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 109 

Immediate Subsistance and Untill the Time they Entered 
Upon Other Bussiness to Enable them to procure something 
themselves — this Discouragement will Create Great Diffi- 
cultys, Occation Uneasiness & discontent which even 150 
Bushils Corn might have prevented — 1[ The Plan I had 
the Honor to Transmit Your Excellency in my former Letter. 
In Conducting the Indian Affairs, I still presume is the most 
Elligible only with any Alteration which may appeare in 
this, that it will be Highly Kequisite to fix Upon Passa- 
maquody for the Principle place for General Randevous And 
whatever may be done to be as Expeditiously as posible — 
and Must further — Implore in my own Private behalf as 
Official, to Fulfill my Promise with Them, that some Supplys 
of Cloathiug may Come down to pay such as have been Im- 
ploy'd if Nothing for the others, as Also provision for the 
whole as of the Utmost Consiquence in preserving their In- 
terests. Permit me further to Inform Your Excellency, as 
a Matter that Needs No doubt that the ]\[anner in which 
Things are Conducted with the Indians this Season, and 
What they perceive in the Attention paid by the States for 
their Benifit & Comfort will Govern them & Settle their 
Union in future — The Great Encouragement Given by the 
Britons They View Themselves More Independent than ever 
— ^When I was with Them and further Acquainted by the 
Priest Their Minds arc much Lifted up l)y having a 
Reverand Father And tlio Expectation of Supplys — Taulk 
Continualy and publickly as well as privately of War. Re- 
lying they will be Imployd somewhere, the report has Gone 
Abroad every where Anioung tlio Tribes — Consiquently if 
they see Nothing to Support Them nor no Encouragement 
for their doing Any thing, their Spirits will fall as much 
down as they are now Lifted which in (leiieral is the Nature 
of Indians — ^jAs soon as my Present Dispatches are for- 
warded Shall sot I of for PaK8aina(|U0(ly where I intend to 



1 10 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

Continue Amoung the Indians till the Return of the 
Schooner — 1 The State Transmited to your Excellency re- 
specting the Situation of the Country I must further 
Acquaint You, is growing more Alarming every day, The 
Tolerations & Licences Granted to several persons Opens a 
dore for An Open Communication to & from Nova Scotia, — 
The British Posts Eastward of this gives themselves no 
Trouble to Molest or Hinder, Consiquently its evident how 
much such persons are Esteemed by the Enemy — by pur- 
suing some Measures as Agreeable to them, Persons Goes to 
the westward Claiming the Rights of Law, It is clear and 
evident the same are Permitted to stand in the British Covirts 
of Judicature & recouver what has been Captured — and 
Letters in an Open Manner Conveyd to & from Halifax & 
Majourbagaduce — Persons have been Apprehended here, 
whom I have Brot to Examination during which Time, being 
on their Parole have Absconded. The Indigent State of the 
department and the Multiplicity of Bussiness makes it Im- 
practable to pursue such — ^[ The Inhabitants of Mount 
Desert Hitherto the most Zealious to Oppose the Enemy by 
the Conduct of Many About them, discouraged & by the small 
threats given by the Enemy has in a manner Revolted & all 
but about 8 or 10 have been to Majourbagaduce & have taken 
the Oath of Allegence | The People of Frenchmans bay 
still stand Out & seem Ditermind, they are very solicitous 
to be assisted & has wrote me there upon. Hitherto I have 
done all in my power to help them but at present Cannot 
I must in their Behalf Solicite Your Excellencys Attention, 
who as Good Subjects of the Country are deserving of it — 
^By the Submission of Mount Desert, this Department is 
Brot into a small Compass only Frenchmans Bay, Goulds- 
borough, Narraguagus, Pleasant River & Mechias that there 
Can be Any Dependence Upon, The former in a Manner 
surrounded with Torys under every Disadvantage By Sea & 



OF THE STATE OF MAIIN^E 111 

Land — "^ In Regard to the Military State of Matters here, 
I am sorry to Acquaint Yonr Excellency that it is Im- 
practable to Raise Men as Ordered by the Resolve of the 
Gene' Court the 28'*' Novenib'' every One being Inclined to 
pursue his Own Occupation, the small Encouragement given, 
the Backwardness on my part in Make'g payment & fullfill- 
ing promises I have made, with the Account of the Low State 
of the Treasury which many make a bussiness of Probagating 
Avith Agravated Circumstances that it is in a Manner Viewed 
as An Insult to propose Such a thing in the Country — 
Under these Circumstances I have been Oblidged to have 
Recourse to Varrious Measures to Keep the Post secure dur- 
ing my Absence Amoung the Indians, Apply'd to the Com- 
mittee for Advice, by their Recommendation Requested of 
the Commanding Officer of Militia to Garrison the Fort, 
Being Affraid of pursueing any Method that had a Tendency 
to Infringe on the Libertys of the Militia in their Civil 
Capacitys, I agreed to have it done Under the directions of 
their Own Officers & in such a ^Janner as they thot Best 
which is the Only way I can pursue at present, to follow any 
other thats diffirent from the disposition or Inclinations of 
the people woud Occation Broils which in the present Cir- 
cumstances of the Country might be of Fatal Consiquences 
IfYour Excellency will please Excuse the Prolixity of my 
Letter being Anxious to Communicate every matter wdiich 
Accrues in the department Any Incorrectness or Litegeous- 
ness pleas Attribute to the Multiplicity of Bussiness and 
anxiety About the Setuation of Affairs in the Department — 
7 I would now beg of Your Excellency that if thought Ex- 
pedient to Continue me in the Command that some penna- 
nent Measure may bo Taken to Carry on the Business, that 
1 may be Able to fullfill the Intentions of Government and 
to Discharge llial I)uty <it" lloiinr as a Servant of the States 
— ][ Shoud Any Matter Appears not satisfactory in my Con- 



112 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

duct to your Excellencj & the Honor"''® Court, I woud praj 
the Indulgence to be permited to Go Westward to Give Any 
satisfaction Required and would Chuse for the futture if 
Continu'd to settle every Matter personally the Supplys not 
Coming Induses me to Suppose the Government is not Sat- 
isfy'd with my Proceedings in Consiquence I have Orderd 
M"" Avery to Return with all Expedition in Order to settle 
such Public ]\[atters as Remains Unsettled and if agreeable 
to Your Excellency will proceed for Boston if thought ISTeces- 
sary on the Return of the Yessell — Jan^ 31^' li The Vessell 
being detaind and my Letter not Closed I have further to 
Inform Your Excellency that Last Evening an Express Ar- 
rived from the Committee of Frenchmans Bay, That Several 
Persons Adjacent were Useing their Endeavours to win the 
Inhabitants to the Britons that some of That District had 
Been at Bagaduce, Disposed of a Large Quantity of Lumber 
— He Returned Openly Defying every Authority — That the 
said Lumber is now at the Risque of the Britons who were 
Expected soon — That such Discouragement Appeared that 
they were Fearefull if Something was not Done Immediate- 
ly, the Inhabitants Some thro fear & some from Necessity 
must submit — I intend to proceed that way myself Imme- 
diately on the Departure of the Yessell — ^Ilave Also Re- 
ceived Certain Inteligence that three small Privateers were 
Fitting Out Privately at Annapolis to Cruise of this Har- 
bour the Biggening of April 

I have the Honor to Be with all posible Respect Your 
Excellency Most obedient hum'^ Servant 

J Allan 

In Senate February 14'^ 1781 

Read & Sent down with the memorial accompanying the 

same 

Jer: Powell Presi"^* 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 113 

lu the House of Representatives Feb^ 15 : 1781 

Read & thereupon Ordered that Cap' Patch Major Page 

& M"" Fry of Frvburgh with such as the Hon. Senate shall 

appoint be a Conunittee to take into Consideration this Letter 

& the Memorial accompanying the same & to report what 

may be proper to be done thereon 

Sent up for Concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speaker 

In Senate February 16"^ 1781 

Read &: Concurred & John Pitts & Stephen Choate Esq" 

are joined 

Jer: Powell Presi*^' 



Petition of Inhabitants of WiTislow. 

To His Excellency John Hancock Esq'' Captain General and 
Governour in chief, in and over the Commonwealth of 
the Massachusetts Bay in New England (fe*^ (Si*^ 
To The Honourable the Senate of Said Commonwealth and 
the Honoural)le the House of Representatives in General 
Court Assembled 
The Petition of us the Subscribers, a Committee Chosen 
by the Inhaljitants of Winslow, at a Legal Town Meeting held 
the 16'^ Instant, in Order to Represent to Government the 
presant State & condition of said Town of Winslow Humbly 
Sheweth That sometime last fall a Number of Indians, to 
the amount of Twenty families consisting of Ninety Nine, 
men women and Children — came and Settled, near Fort 
Hallifax, and have built what they call a village for them- 
selves, They brought no necessaries of life for their support 
with them, nor anything to purchase it, when they first came 
tlic skins iiinl fiiii's l]i(;y had, they exchanged for rum in a 
short space. They siiid tlicy had sent some of their men to 



] 14 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Boston in Order to get Stores for them and that they had 
had assurances of being found in what they wanted This 
quieted the Inhabitants by which means the Indians was 
not obstructed in either settling or residing in said town, 
and the Inhabitants was kind to them, in giving them 
provisions, beyond what reasonably could be expected 
from such a new settlement as we are. But upon return of 
their men, and particuliarly Co' Brewer, they, as well as the 
Inhabitants found they were to have no Stores from Boston 
this winter, which threw the Inhabitants into a Delemma, 
Thinking they were now necessiated to support the lives of 
these people, as the winter was then fully set in. The In- 
habitants applyed to the Select men for redress of Grievances, 
who upon Strict enquiry found that one forth part of the 
Inhabitants of the Town, had not provisions to bring them 
to the first day of March, the Consequence then was that the 
burden must fall on the other three quarters, but upon 
further enquiry, the half of the three quarters foresaid could 
only support their own families till the first of May. The 
case being thus circumstanced, and no Mercat. to Supply 
either them or the Inhabitants Occationed the Town meeting 
aforesaid. This winter is unfavourable for hunting by 
reason there is no Crust on the Snow, besides the Indians 
are fifty miles from their hunting ground, and cannot get 
provisions to carry them there. They got an order from Gen- 
eral Wadsworth on the agent, who receives beef, for 1000 w* 
The town of Winslow immediately advanced the 1000 w* 
of beef to them, which will last them but a short time. There 
is a misunderstanding among the Indians, They are possessed 
with an opinion that cannot easily be removed, That the 
State, and even individuals are under an obligation to Sup- 
port them in all their Extravagancies, which makes them 
Extravagant in their demands, to that degree that they often 
want the Inhabitants to kill their cows and Sheep for them 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 115 

without makeing aiiv provision for the payment thereof, with 
threatnings and even violence offered They have a great 
number of dogs that are voraceous and w^ild, they seize on all 
tame animals without provocation, and follows them till they 
kill them, This had like to breed much trouble last fall, the 
dogs killed many sheep and several young cattle, when the 
Inhabitants told the Indians they would kill their dogs if they 
did not take care of them their answer was, if any one would 
kill their dogs they would kill a Cow for every dog, now the 
Spring of the year is advancing when the cattle will go out 
to the woods after food, if the Indians dogs kill them, the 
owners will kill the dogs, which if the Indians resent the 
Consequence must be bad, and instead of preserving peace 
with the Indians, there will be an unavoidable war, we doubt 
not that the Government mcnt well in placeing a truck house 
for the Indians at fort Hallifax, But as the most of bad 
examples take their rise from good Designs, this is likely to 
be the case here if not timeously prevented, your petitioners 
in behalf of the Town of Winslow — humbly pray that your 
ExcelP and Honours will consider our distressing Cir- 
cumstances, and Discontinue the Truck at Fort Hallifax and 
move it if your wisdom think fit, some miles above the In- 
habitants, either on Sibeslucook or kennebeck rivers by this 
means, the Indians will not often Incorporate with the In- 
habitants, and when they get Drunk their quarrells will be 
among themselves, l)csides they will be near their hunting 
ground, and Consefpiently more industcrous than they appear 
to be at present, for they now take advantage of our other 
Difficulties and value their friendship much, which they are 
set upon to sell as dear as they can. The Town of Winslow 
have always strictly adhered to the orders of the General 
Court, since the commencement of the presant war, both with 
respect to raising llicir (junta of lueii for the Continental 
army, the years past, and others, on Special Occations, and 



IIG DOCUME^N'TARY HISTORY 

are still willing to Comply to the outmost of our powers, At 
presant there is four men required of this Town for the Con- 
tinental army for three years or during the war, we have 
made Tryal to Inlist them, but cannot accomplish it, Your 
petitioners pray your Exellency and honours will consider 
this town as being a frontear to the Enemy at Penobscut and 
liable to alarms from thence which we have often experienced, 
besides the Indians are an unsteady people and there is more 
in number of them fighting men than Inhabitants and on 
these considerations acquit us from raising these four men 
required, at least that we may not be ammercated for neglect, 
and a reasonable time allowed us, — There is another re- 
quisition on this Town for 2420 ^^ of beef, we have ad- 
vanced 1000 "^^ of it for the Indians as before set forth, the 
remaining 1420 "^^ the several Inhabitants of this town have 
given to the Indians in provisions of some kind or other, 
Therefore we hope this town will be Considered as having 
Satisfied for their Quota of beef required, and that we may 
be properly Discharged from any further payment of said 
beef and your petitioners as in Duty bound shall ever Pray 

Ezekiel Pattee John M'^Kechnie 
Winslow Jan'-^ 27"^ 1781 

Petition of John dishing. 

To the Honourable the Senate the Honourable the House of 
Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 
The petition of John Cushing in behalf of himself and 
John Wormsley, humbly sheweth, that your petitioner and 
the said Wormsley, have fitted for sea, two large Letter of 
marque ships, one called the Polly John Burk, master, the 
other the Black Queen Samuel Dunn, master, pierced for 
Eighteen guns and will mount Twelve Iron six pounders 
each, which ships they propose to load for the West Indies 



OF THE STATE OF MAi:SrE 117 

at Casco Bay, and intend tbev shall sail in Company with 
another ship of the same force that is loading at Portsmouth ; 
and they wish to take on board said ships a few large masts, 
which (tho' an Act of this Commonwealth restraining the 
Exportation) they conceive may be of public utility at this 
time as the three ships make up such a force as renders it 
highly probable of their going in safety, and if they arrive 
safe must greatly serve our Allies the French (at whose 
request the restraining Act was principally made) as well as 
many American \"essels, who have suffered so amazingly in 
the late hurrvcane in the West Indies, and to facilitate the 
loading said ships your petitioner wou'd be glad to purchase 
of the State a few of the large Spars, they have laying at 
Casco Bay under the care of the Honor*"'^ Board of War, and 
to discount the same with said Board for a Debt due from 
them to your petitioner. 

Therefore your Petitioner humbly prays that your Honours 
would take the matter under your serious consideration, and 
as others have lately been allow'd to carry large Spars, have 
no doubt but we shall have the same Indulgence ; and that 
you will be pleased to give your Permit for loading the said 
ships, and that if the Spars before mentioned are not wanted 
for the use of Government, that you will be pleased to give 
your Directions to the Honourable Board to dispose of them, 
and your Petitioner as in duty bound shall ever pray. 

Jn° Gushing. 
Boston January 27^"^ 1781. 



Resolve in re Beef For Army. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

In House of Ptcpresentatives Jan^ 29'" 1781 
Whereas it lias been represented to this Court that there 
is a quantity of Beef Collected and Salted in the Counties of 



118 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Cumberland & Lincoln upon the first requisition — | That 
Beef will be wanted for the Troops in that Quarter there- 
fore T[ Resolved that the whole Quantity of Beef which has 
been raised upon the first requisition, and that has or may 
be raised on the second requisition in the Counties of Cum- 
berland and Lincoln be retained in s^ Counties untill the 
further orders of the Gen' Court, and that Eben"" Pribble be 
& hereby is appointed Commissioner for the County of Cum- 
berland and Dummer Sewell Esq"" for the County of Lincoln 
to collect said Beef into proper Stores and take special care 
that the same be well secured & preserved, and to give dupli- 
cate Receipts to the Agents from whome they may receive 
said Beef one of which Receipts s'' Agents are directed to 
lodge in the Secretaries office ^ and it is further Resolved 
that the i\.gents for said Counties of Cumberland & Lincoln 
be & hereby are directed forthwith to pay the Monies they 
have or may receive upon the first and second requisition in 
lieu of Beef into the hands of the Superintendant of this 
Commonwealth taking duplicate Receipts for the same one of 
which to be lodged in the secretaries office. — T[ And where- 
as it appears that several Towns &c have Collected their 
money in lieu of Beef upon the first requisition but have not 
had opportunity to pay the same to the Committee or Agents 

— Resolved that the Committee and their Agents shall re- 
ceive money in lieu of Beef of the said Deficient Towns & 
Plantations untill the Twentieth day of February next at the 
rate of Three Pounds seven shillings & six pence of the new 
Emission & Hundred weight ^ and whereas there is a defi- 
ciency of Returns from Several of the Towns &c of the Beef 
& money they have supplied upon s** first requisition said 
Towns & plantations are hereby notified forthwith to make 
returns into the secretaries office of such Certificates as they 
have received or may receive from the Committee or Agents 

— as they would avoid the penalty provided in the Resolve 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 119 

of the 25^^ of September last. The Superintending Com- 
mittee are also directed forthwith to lodge in the Secretaries 
office a List of the supplies each Town & Plantation has made 
either in Beef or Money ^ and the Secretary is hereby 
Directed to publish in the several Newspapers such part of 
these Resolves as Make provishon for Lengthing out the 
time for Receiving Money in Lieu of Beef &. also Calling for 
the Returns from the several Towns & Emmeadietly ^ Send 
forward to ^ M"" Eben"" Fribble & Dummer Sewell Esq"" ^ 
their appointment 

In Senate Jan^ 29^^^ 1781 

Sent up for Concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speaker 

Read & Concurred with the amendments at A to B & C — 
viz at A dele from A to B : send forward to & insert to notify 
at C insert of 

Sent down for Concurrence 

Jer: Powell Presid^ 

In the House of Representatives Jan^ 29 : 1781 

Read & concurred 

Caleb Davis Speaker 
Approv'd John Hancock 



Petition of Benjamin West. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts lo the Honorable Senate 

and honorable House of Representatives in General 

Court Assembled Lan'' 1781 

The Petition of Benjamin West of Roxbury in the County 

of Suffolk Labourer, hum]>ly Shews that in the year 1775 he 

entered into the Service of his Country and continued therein 

untill he was taken prisoner at the Si(^e of Quebec where he 



120 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Suffered a Rigorous imprisonment for the space of ISTine 
Months, ,in addition to which he had the misfortune to be 
robbed of all his Cloaths, consisting of a Great Coat, Blanket, 
Beaver Hat, Jacket & Breeches, Shoes & Stockings, besides a 
firelock & accoutrements all of which were his own property 
— that after having served in the Army several times, he was 
taken by force and carried to Penobscot and there served 
faithfully untill the Return of the Troops from that un- 
happy Expedition, in which Service he was also so unfortu- 
nate as to lose a Great Coat, Jacket, Breeches, two Shirts, 
trousers & overhawls, by which losses and Sickness your 
Petitioner is greatly reduced, & almost in a suffering Condi- 
tion, nor has he received for his Services at Penobscott any 
Wages or allowance whatsoever — The Circumstances and 
Sufferings of your Petitioner, being thus Singular & dis- 
tressing he doubts not your honors disposition to relieve and 
to do justice to one who has not been backward to step forth 
in defence of the Cause of Liberty in every time of danger — 
the above facts your Pef will make appear whenever your 
honors will grant him that liberty — He therefore prays the 
Honorable Court to make him such Allowance & Compensa- 
tion for his Services and great losses, as your Honors in your 
great Wisdom & humanity shall think reasonable — TfAnd 

as in duty Bound will ever pray 

Benjamin West 

Boston Feb'^ 6, 1781 
This may Certify that Benj. West was prest on board the 
Warren Friggate at the time she went to Penobscot — 

S Cooper, Purser of s^ Ship 

Boston February 1781 
An accompt of the loses I sustained in the Service ac- 
cording to the best of my Judgment. As hard money goes 
now one Dollor : 6-0 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 12 1 



my great Cote or Surtout 


Six Dolors 


1 


4 





Blanket 


2 Dols 




9 





Beaver hat 


8 Dolors 


1 


4 





Jacket Breaches 


7 Dolors 


1 


4 





Shoes & stockings 


2 Dolors 





9 





Firelock & accoutrements 


12 Dolors 


3 









1 4 





13 


4 


18 





15 






Lowance of provisions When I was Starving in the Woods 
20 dols. 

The loss I sustane by going to penobscot 

a frencli great Cote Seven dolars 

Jacket and Breeches 3 d 

Two Shirts 3 Dolors 

Trowsers & ovehals 3 Dolors 

53 Dolors 11 4 

Wages due to me for going to penobscot What my superiors 

think just I am Content to receive So I Eemane my Coun- 

trys friend 

Benjamin West 

the expences of my Witness that Sworn for me and several 

days I have spent hard Dolors myself 

Suffolk Ss. Feb^ IS''" 1781. 

Then the above named Benjamin West personally ap- 
peared before me and made Oath that he lost the several 
Articles above mentioned 

Before Richard Cranch Jus: Pacis 

Boston February 7 1781 
I James Welch of Boston being of Lawful Age do Testify 
and Declare that in the Latter Part of the Summer in y® 
year 1775 I the s*' Welch was with Benjamin West of Rox- 
bury Inlist under Capt Thair who went under Col° Arnold 
to Quebec and there in the storming of Quebeck the s'* West 
was Taken prisoner and Detained their and that the s'' West 



122 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Lost all his Cloaths Except what he had on his Back and 

further the Deponent Saith not 

James -\- Welch 

Suffolk Feb'' T"" 1781 

Then James Welch appear'd & after being duly caution'd 
to testify the whole truth made oath to the foregoing declara- 
tion to which he has set his mark, taken at the request of 
Benj* West before me 

Joseph Greenleaf Justice peace 

This may certify that I was at the siege of Quebeck in the 

year 1775 with Gen' Arnold «fc that Benj'^ West was also 

there & taken prisoner, lost his clothes & was left in Captivity 

Elias Goddard 
Suffolk Feb^ 7''' 1781 

Then Elias Goddard appear'd & made oath to the truth 

of the foregoing certificate by him Subscribed before me 

Joseph Greenleaf Justice peace 



Memorial of John Allan. 

Indian Eastern Department To the Honorable The Senate 
and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts — T| The Memorial of John Allan, Con- 
tinental Agent and Commander in Chief of Indians 
Eastern Department — 
Your Memorialist Having for some Time The Honor of 
Superintending the affairs of this Department as also the 
Military Command, by the Smiles of Providence has so far 
succeeded in the Business as to Secure The Interist of the 
Indians & Preserving the Country as far as Union River, 

The Indians in general have had no Correspondence with 
the Britons Till Last Summer, When by verry great Encour- 
agement from the Enemy so far had Influence over Them, as 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 123 

to draw Xear the Whole, from This Post — By the Negotia- 
tions this fall, Your Memorialist has had the further happi- 
ness to secure the Interists of said Indians, As also many 
More that had not been in Micmaks and others from the 
Confines of Canada Some of Whome has Removed this Winter 
on Snow Shoes, the Whole Intending to Leave that River as 
soon as the Season will Any way Permit — 

By the Deffeciency of Supplys, which was Ordered by the 
former Hono''' Court and the present Indigent State Your 
Memorialist has Labourd under the Greatest Difficultys in his 
Business, and the Setuation of the Winter being Semiler to 
the Last, has a Tendency of Much discouragement to the 
Indians — Your Memorialist Has Transmited to his Excel- 
lency the Governor The Setuation of the Department, which 
your Memorialist would beg Leave to Recommend to Your 
Honors Xotice as of the Greater Consiquence for the Safety 
of the Country — 

Your Memorialist Has Also been Obliged to procure 
Xecessarys to a Considerable Amount, As well for supplying 
the White Troops as the carrying on The Business of Indians, 
The Latter of Which will ever Create considerable Expences 
& which cannot be Evited, perticularly where they Are Liable 
to have Conections with the Enemy — The Extenciveness of 
their Terretores the Varrious Sentiments Among them Com- 
mands every Attention to Carry a Shew of Dignity & Consi- 
quence, which must be always pursued with Indians — 

Your Memorialist Therefore Humblj' prays Your Honors 
to Grant Him £600 for the purpose of Defraying Expences, 
which has been Contracted & may arrise before Supplys 
Comes down, as he now stands Indepted for a Considerable 
Upon his Personal Credit — If Also that your Honors woud 
Order the Provisions Borrowed as before orderd by Court 
\<) l)o Returnd — That the Rations & Encourajrement 
promised and made l;y me to the Ranging Company Under 



124 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Cap" Dyer Last winter, who were of The Greatest Utility & 
who Deserves the Greatest Encouragement, May be Granted. 
Your Memorialist Humbly Requests that the Encourage- 
ments for the Troops there — Supplys for Indians, and other 
necessarys, for the Public Use before Requested, the Two 
former Indians in Perticular Your Memorialist Must take 
the Liberty to Lh'ge with the Greatest Importunity — ^ Your 
Memorialist further Requests, If he Continues Longer in the 
business of the Department, that he may have Instructions, 
in what Manner to proceed in future As Hitherto He has 
been Unacquainted with what the Government would have 
perticularly done with the Indians — Only Acted on his Own 
Judgment ^| Your Memorialist Begs Leave to Submitt the 
whole to Your Honour's Wisdom & Consideration, Relying 
on the Detirmination Respecting The Primesses. 

J Allan 
Machias February 1^' 1781 



Petition of John Cushing. 

In the House of Representatives Feby 1781 
On the Petition of John Cushing praying for leave to 
Load two ships with masts & Sparrs ^Resolved that the 
prayer thereof be granted and the said John Cushing be & 
he hereby is permitted to Load the Ship called the Polly 
John Burk Master & the Ship Black Queen Samuel Dunn 
Master with Mast & Sparrs for the West Indies any law or 
Resolve to the Contrary not With standing Tf Resolved that 
the Board of War be and they are hereby directed to dispose 
of what Mast & Spars they have on hand at the Eastward 
for the most they Can & pay the money they shall receive for 
the Same to such persons as have Demands on them in be- 
half of this Common Wealth 



OF THE STATE OF IS^AI^'E 125 

The Memorial of Owners of Ships Black Prince and Hector. 

To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives of 
the Commonwealth of ]\Iassachusetts in General Court 
assembled. 

^lav it please your Honours 
We your memorialists, late Owners of the Ships Black 
Prince & Hector, lost at Penobscot, in the service of the 
Public, having apply'd to the General Assembly of this State, 
imploring relief & justice without adequate success, humbly 
desire your attention to this second representation of our 
Complaint. \\e beg leave to repeat, that at a time when we 
were struggling under recent misfortunes, and many of us 
encountring constant disappointments, in every attempt, even 
to procure subsistance; when our hopes were most sanguine, 
while our necessities were most urgent, our Ships were de- 
manded by the authority of the State, and sent on the ruinous 
enterprize against the Enemy at Penobscot. Since many of 
us were reduced to depend on the success of our vessels in 
the Summer Cruize which we had meditated, we were ex- 
tremely solicitous for the event of an expedition, in which 
so important a part of our whole Estates was involved; and 
when some evident circumstances taught us to expect the 
Calamity which seemed inevitable, we could only wait the 
event, in melancholy & mortifying Silence. — Relying how- 
ever on the authority of our country, which promised speedy 
& ample indemnity, we early took measures for this purpose: 
but having no immediate prospect of a recompence, so just 
& reasonable without more serious exertions, we did in Sep- 
tem"" last present a Memorial to both Houses of Assembly, 
setting forth our losses, the reasonable hopes on which we 
grounded our application, ;in<l rcHjucsting porfonnance of the 
public faith, pledged to Us in the beginning of the expedition, 
wbicli promised ample redress in (^asc of misfortune, without 



120 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

delay or eqiiivocation. From this application we obtained a 
Kesolve of Court for one thousand pounds each in the new 
Currency, a Sum of small account in building a twenty Gun 
Ship, — and for the Balance to be paid in public Notes of 
Credit, which to us as merchants could be of little present 
value, unless to remind us of that former wealth, which 
enabled us to make these unrewarded Exertions, — and of our 
cruel Disappointment. 

Referring Ourseh'es therefore to this Hon'''^ Assembly, the 
first, formed under a Constitution of Government proffessing 
Justice and Liberty as its Object, and founded on the basis 
of public Virtue, we humbly take leave to observe,- — that our 
ISTecessities are not slight and equivocal, but Serious, im- 
portant and distressing — that we sue to your Honours not 
for a ratification of the contract, but that it may be cancelled 
and completed, — that the Compensation we now expect, is 
either in Ships, as valuable as those taken from us, — or the 
direct means of procuring them our selves: — that altho' the 
ultimate value of public jSTotes is indisputable, yet they can- 
not 1)6 received, or considered by Us, as an equivalent to 
property, that cannot be purchased with them ; — and that 
current Money alone, will enable Us in any decent measure, 
to redress our calamitous circumstances, and therefore can 
alone be considered as the equivalent, so solemnly pledged 
to Us by the highest authority, in the Commencement of this 
Contract. 

We do therefore most earnestly Init dutifully entreat the 
attention of this honorable Assembly to our Memorial ; that 
we may be enabled to make those great & expensive Exertions, 
which the Circumstances of our Country now require, and 
which are expected from every Freind to the Commonwealth ; 
and being secure in the religious observance of the public 
faith, that we may be ready at all times when demanded, to 



OF THE STATE OF MAIKE 127 

aid every public Exertion, with the Zeal of our Hearts, and 
the Weight of our private Fortunes. — 

Geo Williams 
pr order of the owners of ship Black prince 

Jon^ Peele Jun"" 
pr order of the Owners of the Ship Hector 



Resolve on Petition of Williain^ and Peel. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Feb'j 5 1781 
The Committee appointed to Consider the Petition of Cap' 
George Williams & Jonathan Peel in behalf of themselves 
& the other Owners of y" Ships Hector & Black Prince lost 
in y^ Penobscot Expedition — (Praying they may be imme- 
diately paid for s*^ Ships &c for reasons set forth in said 
Petition) Have attend** that Service, & after duly consider- 
ing the same, find it is not possible for Government in the 
present state of y^ Treasury and the immediate demands on 
it for the support of y® Army, to discharge s** Debts at this 
time — 

Therefore Resolved that s"* Petitioners, be directed as soon 
a^ possible to settle the acct" of s** Losses with the Board of 
War, & ascertain the exact balances due to them, & that the 
General Court will, as soon as the state of y" Treasury will 
admit of it, Make provision for the payment of the same — 
Sent up for Concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speaker 
In Senate Fd/ 15'^ 1781 
Read & Concurred 

Jer: Powell Pres''' 
Approved John Hancock. 



128 DOCUAIENTARY HISTORY 

Petition James Littlefield. 

I'o the lion'^''^ Senate & House of Representatives of the Com- 
monwealth of Massachusetts the Petition of James 
Littlefield humbly sheweth — 
That your Petitioner supplied the Indians under the Com- 
mand of CoP John Allan with the Articles mentioned in the 
annexed Accoimt amounting to sixty eight pounds 12/ in 
hard money & he humbly prays your Honors that you would 
be pleased to order him Payment for the same in such money 
as is equivalent or in such other Way as to your Honors may 
in Justice & Equity see fit & your Petitioner as in Duty 

bound will ever pray — 

James Littlefield 

The United States To James Littlefield Dr. 

To Sundrys Supply'd a party of Men & Indians at Passa- 
maquody Commanded by Major George Stillman, under 
Colo Allans Command in Aug*^ 1779 Viz* 
15 lb Tea — @ 6/ 
20 lb Sugar @ 1/— 
^ barrell Pork 
Vo C Bread 
10 Gallon West Indian Rum 

16.. 14- 
Suffolk Ss 

Boston Pel/ 6'^ 1781 

Personally appeared Cap' James Littlefield the Signer of 
the within Ace' & made Solemn Oath that the Same was 
just & True Before me 

To Sundrys Supply'd Said Indians in the sei-vice under CoP 
Allan's Superintendency Viz' 

11/2 barrells Pork 3 14 

2 bbls flour 4 8 — 

1 Tierce Rice 5-1-0 48/ 12 12 



£4 


10- 


1 


— 


3 


14 


1 


10 


6 





OF THE STATE OF MAINE 129 

500 W of Ship Bread 15 — 

ll/o bbles Beef 2 — 

20 lb Sugar 1 — 

4 Blankets @ £4 p"" Pr 8 — 
1 Large Dish (Pewter) .. 12 

6 Plates 1 



£68 .. 12 



Boston Feb'' 1781 

Errors Excepted Hard money. 

Boston Feb^ 6''' 1781 

This may Certifie that the Indians mentioned in the within 
Ace' were at that Time in the Service of the United States 
nnder the Superintendency of Colo John Allan — 

Ja^ Avery, Agent to said Colo Allan 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Kepresentatives Feb'' 16: 1781 

Ordered — that the Committee appointed to consider a 

Memorial of Col. John Allan & a Letter from s** Co' Allan 

addressed to the Governor, he a Committee to take into 

Consideration a Petition of James Littlefield & to report 

what may be proper to be done thereon — 

Sent up for Concurrence — 

Caleb Davis Speaker 
In Senate February 16'" 1781 

Read & Concurred 

Jer: Powell Presi<*' 

Resolves on Measures of Defence &c. 

Commonwealth of ^Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives, Feb'' 9, 1781 
Whereas the defence of the Eastern parts of this Common- 
wealth against the unjust encroachments and depredations 



130 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

of the Enemy is an object that demands the immediate at- 
tention of Government, and whereas the time for which the 
troops late commanded by Brigadier Wadsworth were raised 
is now elapsed and the Country by that means exposed, not 
only to the ravages of the Enemy but also to the more 
rapacious Cruelties of refugee Tories from various parts 
under their influence & direction. Therefore Resolved, that 
all the Troops raised or to be raised in the Counties of York 
Cumberland and Lincoln pursuant to a resolution of this 
Commonwealth of the second day of december last be and 
they are hereby detain'd in said Counties untill the further 
pleasure of Congress and his Excellency Gene' Washington 
respecting their future destination be known; but subject in 
the meantime to the orders and disposition of the s^ Hon"' 
Major General Lincoln within said Counties or either of 
them — li And Whereas a small Naval Establishment within 
this Commonwealth the ensuing Season is essentially neces- 
sary for the security of our Coasts and the protection of our 
Trade, Therefore Resolved that the two armed Sloops each 
of which, to mount twelve 4 pounders be immediately pro- 
cured manned and equipped for Sea, to be employed for the 
protection of the Sea Coast of this Commonwealth until the 
first day of Dec"" next but Subject however to such special 
orders as the respective Commanders may from Time to 
Time receive from the Governor of this Commonwealth 
T[ And it is further Resolved that the said Sloops during their 
continuance in Service as aforesaid be on the Establishment 
made or that may hereafter be made for armed Vessels in 
the Service of Said Commonwealth. ^And it is further 
Resolved that one Row Gaily be also procured and equiped 
to be under the direction of the Commanding Officer in said 
Counties for the time being and manned by the Troops as 
occation may require Tf And it is further Resolved that two 
Boatbuilders be appointed to repair the Whaleboats now in 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 131 

the Counties of Cumberland and Lincoln and to perfonn 
such other business as the Commanding Officer shall direct: 
to be furnished by the Conunissarv Gen' of said Common- 
wealth with Tools and other articles necessary in that de- 
partment from time to time that they continue in said Serv- 
ice untill the first day of dec"" next unless sooner discharged 
and that they l)e allowed four pounds each p'' Month for each 
Callender month they may be in Service. 1[ And it is further 
Eesolved that the Surgeons who attended the Troops and 
furnish'd them vrith their own private medicine, at Falmouth 
and Thomaston during the last Season be directed to lay their 
accounts before the General Court for Examination allow- 
ance and payment ^And whereas the necessity of an early 
supply of provisions Amunition and other Articles in order 
to give energy and effect to our military Opperations in 
these parts is apparently great and indispensible therefore 
Eesolved That the Continental Commissary of Issues now 
in Boston be requested immediately to procure 200 barrells 
of Flour and 100 barrells Pork and in case the said Commis- 
sary shall be unable to procure the whole or any part of said 
provisions, the Commissary General of this Commonwealth 
be and he is hereby directed to procure said Flour and pork 
or so much thereof as to make up the aforesaid quantity and 
that the same be charg'd to the United States — And it is 
further Resolved that the Continental Commissary of war- 
like Stores be requested immediately to prepare for trans- 
portation 2000 pounds of powder and 3000 Flints T[ And 
whereas it appears that the said Commissary of warlike 
Stores is unal>lc to Supply many Articles within his depart- 
ment which will bo immediately wanted in the Counties 
aforesaid — therefore 

Resolved that the Conmiissary General of this Common- 
wealth be and ho is hereby directed immediately to procure 
and fit for transportation the following Articles and that the 



132 DOCUMENTARY IIISTOKY 

same be charged to the United States viz*^ 400 fire Arms with 
an equal number of Bayonets 4000 pounds of Lead 400 
Cartridges Boxes 200 hatchets 400 Knapsacks Ten Rheams 
of Cartridge Paper ten pounds of brown thread suitable for 
making Cartridges five bullet moulds of different Sizes fitted 
for running Balls from 16 to 24 in the pound and one Ladle 
to each mould and one sett of Armourers Tools and in case 
the said Commissary should be unable to procure the Flour 
and pork aforesaid for want of money to purchase the same 
then Oliver Phelps Esq"" Superintendant of purchases for 
this Commonwealth is hereby directed to furnish the Com- 
missary General thereof with said pork and flour or a suffi- 
cient sum of money to purchase the same out of the money 
which he has or may receive in Lieu of Beef ^ And it is 
further Resolved that all the articles aforesaid which the 
several Commissary's aforesaid are directed to procure be 
delivered to such person or persons as the Governor may 
appoint to receive and convey the same to Falmouth in the 
County of Cumberland there to be under the direction (of 
the Commanding Officer and by him secured in some safe 
place in said County for the use of the Troops as Occassion 
may require — ^Resolved that the Governor be and he is 
hereby desired immediately to write to his Excellency Gen- 
eral Washington representing the Critical and distressing 
situation of the three Eastern Counties in said Common- 
wealth but more especially the County of Lincoln — the im- 
portance of said Counties to this and the United States of 
America, as well as to the Enemy who now consider said 
Counties as one principal Object of their attention — the 
necessity of retaining within the same the Troops raised or 
to be raised in said Counties on the Continental Establish- 
ment pursuant to a Resolve of the General Court of the 2** 
day of Dec"" last amounting to 473 in the whole and therefore 
(in behalf of this Commonwealth) to request his Excellency 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 133 

the General to order that said Troops may be appointed to the 
immediate defence of said Counties and that they remain 
within the same during the present unfavorable appearances 
there — and tliat his Excellency General Washington Will 
be pleased to order how said Troops shall be Officered and 
Arranged — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

Caleb Davis Spk"- 
In Senate Feb^ 9^'" 1781 

Read & Concurred 

Jer: Powell Presid' 

Approv'^ John Hancock 

True Copy Attest 

John Avery Sec^ 



Petition Town of Washington. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

Nov^ 27, 1780 

To the Honorable Senate and To the Honorable House of 

Representatives In General Court Assembled — 

The Petition of The Town of Washington in the County of 

Berkshire, in Said Common Wealth Humbly Sheweth — 

^ That The Town of Washington aforesaid in the Year One 

Thousand Seven hundred & Seventy Seven Was doom'd to 

find their Quota of one hundred & Thirty Poles in Said 

Town to Serve in the Army for Three Years or During the 

Warr ^ Whereas in fact their was at that Time but seventy 

four poles and no more. — t That the said poor Town found 

their Quota for one hundred & thirty men instead of Seventy 

four, to Serve in the Continental Army — ^f That The Said 

poor Young Town is in the Utmost Difficulties, and Unable 

to pay more then their proportion of Taxes. Most Humbly 



134 DOCUMEIS^TARY HISTORY 

Prays Your Honors would Remitt Them their Charge in 
finding Six Men More then their Quota &c and Your Peti- 
tioners as in Duty Bound Shall Ever Pray &c 

pr order of the above said town 

Ahimaas Easton 

Resolve in favor of the Town of Washington. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Feb'' 13, 1781 

The Committee appointed to take into Consideration the 
Complaint made by the town of Washington in Respect to 
their being Called upon by the General Court to furnish more 
than their Equil proportion of men in the last Requisition for 
men to fill up the Continental Army, have attended that 
Service, and beg leave to Report by way of Resolve 

Whereas it appears to this Court that the Town of Wash- 
ington in the last Valuation were doomed one third part too 
high, in polls & Estate, upon which doom Six men was ap- 
portioned to that Town in the last Requisition for men to fill 
up the Continental Army Therefore Resolved that the Town 
of Washington be Required to furnish four men as their 
Quota of men to fill up the Continental Ai-my for three years 
or dureing the War with Great Britain, upon the last Requisi- 
tion, and no more 

Sent up for Concurrence Caleb Davis Spk"" 

In Senate Feb'' 16'*^ 1781 

Jer: Powell Presd* 
Approv'd John Hancock 

Resolve on Petition of Pepperrellhor^. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In House of Representatives FeV 14: 1781 
On the Petition of the Selectmen of the Town of Pep- 
perrelboro"" Praying that they might be releived from Pro- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 135 

curing any More Men for the Continental Army. Then an 

Equal Proportion with other Towns, — 

Whereas it appears by the Schedule of Nov"" 29*** last for 

filling up the Continental Army, That the Town of Pep- 

perrelboro"" has one Man More assigned to them by said 

Schedule then their equal share, and that a Plantation called 

Shapleyboro"" has none assigned to them, which Ought to 

have One. — Therefore Resolved, One ]V[an be deducted 

from the Town of Pepperrellboro"" and be laid on said 

Shapleyboro"" and the Brigadier of the County of York is 

hereby Directed to Inform said Town & Plantation of this 

Resolution that they may conform themselves accordingly. — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speaker 
In Senate Feb^ 14, 1781 

Read and concurred 

Jer: Powell Presid^ 
Approved John Hancock 

[For Resolve see date Jan^ 1'' 1781] 



Petition of Ebenezer Thomas. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts Lincoln Ss To the Honor- 
able Senate and House of Representatives of said Com- 
monwealth in General Court assembled February 1781 
Ebenezer Thomas of Pittston in said County, a Soldier 
in Col" ]\rCol)])S Regiment in the Expedition to Penobscot 
in the Year 1779, Humbly sheweth, TfThat on the Retreat 
from said Penobscot, he was ordered by the General to go 
on board the Ship Hamdcn, C^ap* Salser as a Marine, that 
he was taken by the Enemy in said Ship, whereby he lost a 
good Fire-Arm and Cartouch Box, of the Value of four 
pounds New Currency — He therefore humbly requests your 



136 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Honors, that lie may have Compensation made him there- 
fore — And your Petitioner, as in Duty bound, shall ever 
pray &c Ebenezer Thomas 

Lincoln Ss February 16, 1781 

Then Cap* Timothy Heald made Oath, that Ebenezer 
Thomas a Privet Soldier in his Company, on the Retreat 
from Penobscot, lost his Fire arm, by the Enimy 

Before me 

Joseph North 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives May 1781 
On the Petition of Eben Thomas of Pittston, in the County 
of Lincoln Praying for Compensation for a Fire Arm he lost 
in the Expedition to Penobscot — ^Resolved that there be 
allowed & paid out of the Treasurer of this Common Wealth 
to Eben Thomas of Pittston the Sum of Three Pounds in 
the New Emission in full for the loss of his Fire Arm — 



8am^ Huntington to Gov^ Hancock. 

Philadelphia February 17, 1781 
Sir, 

By the inclosed Resolve of the IS'** Instant your Excel- 
lency will be informed of the Sentiments of Congress re- 
specting the Eastern Indian Department; and that the 
Governor & Council of Massachusetts are empowered to 
compleat the Company of Artillery at the Post of Machias 
to a Number not exceeding sixty five Men including Officers, 
to be under the Command of Colonel J Allen, and to be raised 
& supported at the Expence of the United States — With 
the highest respect I have the honor to be your Excellency's 

Most obed' & Most hbble Servant 

Sam. Huntington President 

His Excelly Governor Hancock 



OF THE STATE OF iMAINE 137 

Memorial of Joseph North. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts Lincoln Ss. To the Honor- 
able the Senate and House of Tlepresentatives of the 
said Commonwealth in General Court assembled 

Novem. 1780 
Joseph Xorth, of Pittston in said County, Humbly 
Sheweth, ^ That the Incursion of the Enemy from Majabag- 
gaduce into the interior Parts of the said County whereby 
the Brigadier General was captivated, his and the property 
of others consumed by Fire, Cattle stolen and driven oif, and 
tlie principal Men of the County, for their Zeal and Attach- 
ment to our glorious Cause, in imminent Danger of sharing 
the same Fate; Together with the Damage done on the Sea 
Coasts by Numbers of Vessels, particularly Wood-Coasters, 
being Captured and Destroyed by the Enemy's Privateers 
and armed Boats, which in a Manner cut off all Communi- 
cation by Sea between this County and the other parts of the 
State; and many other Grievances to which the good People 
of the said County have been for a long Time subject from 
their near Situation to that Nest of our venomous Foes at 
Penobscot; rendered it indispensibly necessary that their 
distressing Circumstances should be made known to those 
who, next to the Almighty, were alone able to apply a Rem- 
edy. ^ Accordingly, your Petitioner, deeply impressed with 
the sufferings of his fellow Subjects, and stimulated by his 
well known Ardour for the publick Weal, did at liis own 
Cost and Charge make a Journey from the said County to 
Boston & lay their unhappy Case before the Honorable Gen- 
eral Assembly, in Consequence of which that August Body, 
out of their wonted Goodness, sent them such Aid as mitigated 
their Distresses and perhaps saved the County from Subjuga- 
tion — For which Services your Petitioner has received no 
Consideration: Ho therefore humbly requests Your Excel- 



138 DOCUMENTARY IIISTOKY 

lency and Honors would order him to be paid, out of the 

Treasury of the Commonwealth, a reasonable Sum for his 

Time and Expences in the said Services, agreeable to the 

accompt offered here with. And your Petitioner, as in Duty 

bound shall ever pray &e 

Joseph North 

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts to Joseph North D"" 

1780 — Aug' Sept. 
To Horse Hire on a Journey to Boston to represent to the 
General Assembly the distressed Situation of the County of 
Lincoln as set forth in my Petition 200 Miles, at 24/ p 
Mile— 240..0..0 

To my Expences to & from Boston — 240 ., .. 

To my Expences while attending the General Court, 

4 Weeks at £90 360 .. .. 

Horse-Keeping same Time at 40 UolP p Day 336 .. .. 
To Attendance on the General Court 28 Days, at 

£12 336..0..0 



1512 ..CO 

Pittston Nov. 1, 1780 Errors Excepted 

Joseph North 

Commonv/ealth of Massachusetts 

In House of Representatives Feb. 17*** 1781 
On the Petition of Joseph North praying that he may be 
allowed a reasonable Sum for his Time and expence for At- 
tending the Gen' Court in Aug' & September last to represent 
the Distressed Curcumstances of the Eastern parts of this 
State T[ Resolved that Joseph North be allowed and paid 
out of the Treasury of this Commonwealth for Twenty Days 
Travil and Ten Days Attending the Gen' Court at Twelve 
Shillings New Emission pr Day in Whole Eighteen Pounds 
in full for his time and expence in performing said Service. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 139 

Resolve Relating to Falmouth. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives February 19 1781 
Resolved that Joseph Nojes of Falmouth in the County 
of Cumberland be & he hereby is directed to lay his Accounts 
of Supplies & Expenditures in the Quarter Master's depart- 
ment to the Troops at the Post at Falmouth and also for 
what provision & other Necessaries he has Purchased for the 
use of said Troops before the Committee on account for al- 
lowance & payment which sums are to be Charged to the 
Continent 
In Senate February 19^" 1781 

Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speaker 
Read & Concurred 

Jer: Powell Presid* 

Approv'd John Hancock 



Resolve Relating to Disposal of Spars. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate Feb'' 19^M781 
Whereas there are a Number of Masts & other Sparrs in 
the Eastern parts of this Common Wealth belonging to this 
Government — for which there is no imediate use — and it 
may be greatly for the interest of the publick that the masts 
& sparrs afors'd should be speedily disposed of Therefore 
Resolved that Jedediah Prcbble Esq"" be appointed and 
authorized and he is hereby accordingly authorized to dispose 
of such masts, and sparrs belonging to this Government as 
are under the care of Wm Frost at Falmouth = and that 
Thos. Rice Esq"" be appointed and authorized and he is hereby 
authorized to dispose of the masts & sparrs belonging 



140 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

to this Govermnent that are under the care of Timothy 
Parsons at Wiscasset Point — And that James M'^Cobb 
Esq"" be appointed and authorized and he is hereby ac- 
cordingly authorized to dispose of the Masts & Sparrs 
belonging to this Government that are under the care of 
s'^ Timothy Parsons afors'' at Kenebec for the most said 
Masts & Sparrs will fetch & pay the money arizing therefrom 
imediately into the publick Treasury taking duplicate Re- 
ceipts therefor one of which to be lodged in the Secretary's 
Office — t^nd it is further Resolved that the said Jedediah 
Prebble Tho^ Rice and James M'^Cobb Esqr^ render an ac- 
count of their proceedings respecting the Sale of the Masts 
& Sparrs afor'' to the General Court as soon as possible after 
said Masts & Sparrs are disposed of they to receive such 
compensation for transacting s"^ business as the General Court 
shall hereafter order And it is further Resolved that the 
afors^ W"* Frost and Timothy Parsons be directed and they 
are hereby accordingly directed to deliver all such Masts and 
Spars as are in their possession belonging to this Government 
to the Persons respectively appointed to sell the same — 

Sent down for Concurrence Jer : Powell Presi'^* 
In the House of Representatives Feb'"^ 22** 1781 

Read & concun*ed 

Caleb Davis Speaker 
Approv'd John Hancock 



Resolve in Favor of Christopher Newhit. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

In House of Representatives Feb" 20*^ 1781 
On the Representation of John Lucas Commissary of 
Continental Pensioners in behalf of Christopher Newbit a 
Soldier in Philip M. TJlmers Company who lost his Arm by 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 141 

a Cannon Ball in a Battle with the Enemy at Majorbigw^i- 

duce the 28'*' July as appears by his Certificate — 

Resolved that the said Christopher Newbit is entitled to 

half pay as a Soldier to commence from the 2S^^ Sep* 1779 

the time of his discharge — 

Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis Spk"" 
In Senate Feb^ 20''' 1781 

Read & Concurred 

Jer : Powell Presid* 

Approv'd John Hancock. 

Waldoborough July 24*'> 1780 

These may Certify that Christopher Newbit was A Soldier 

in A Company Commanded by me and Lost his arm in Battle 

at Majorbigwaduce July 25"' 1779 and behav*^ himself as a 

g"ood Soldier whilest under my Command 

To it may Concern — 

Philip M Ulmer Maj"" 

To the Hon'''® the Senate & House of Representatives 

John lAicas, In behalf of Christopher ISTewbit a Soldier in 
Phillip M. Ulmer's Company and v/ho lost his Right Arm the 
28"* July 1779 at Majorbigwaduce, as appears by his certi- 
ficates 

John Lucas Com*'''^ 

Pension Office at Boston, 7*" Nov"" 1780 

Resolve in Favor of Andrew M^oiseaher. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

House of Representatives Feb'' 20 1781 
On the Representation of John Lucas Commissary of Con- 
tinental Pensioners in ])cha]f of Andrew Woiscakcr who was 
Imprest & sent on Board the ship Putnam & in an Engage- 
ment at Penobscot lost his Jiight Arm in August 1779 as 



142 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

appears by his Certificate TfKesolved that the said Andrew 
Woiseaker is iiititled to half pay as a Soldier to commence 
from the 1^* of September 1779 the time of his discharge 

Sent up for concurrence Caleb Davis Spk"" 

In Senate Feb^ 20*'' 1781 

Read & Concurred Jer: Powell Presid' 

Approv'd John Hancock 

We the under w^'itten, Commander & Surgen of Ship Put- 
man, in the Service of this State, Do Certify That Mr 
Andrew ^Voiseaker of Boston Butcher was Imprest and sent 
on board the afore s^ Ship, and went to Penobscot, whare he 
behaved with Great Gallantry, & Courage & In an Engage- 
ment unhappily Lost his right Arm in Augs^ 1779 — 

Daniel Waters Cap* 

William Truen Surg" 
Boston Apl. 20, 1780 — 

The above is a trew Coppy 

Attest Jn° Lucas Com^ 

To the Hon'''® the Senate & House of Representatives 

John Lucas In behalf of Andrew Woiseaker and who lost 
his right arm at Penobscot in Augst 1770 as appears by his 
Certificates John Lucas Com"^ 



List of Wounded at Peiiohscot. 

Pension Office at Boston Nov"" 9^"^ 1780 

Andrew Woiseaker wounded at Penobscot, Jn° McGoffe 
Service State Brig* Tjnraniside Benj° Slader — ditto Jos. 
Brick Continental ArmyX Jonas Shattuck — ditto — John 
Brick, Continental Ship — Chris* Newbit — Penobscot — 
Aron Cobbet — Queen France X Wm Pedrick Continental — 
Tho^ Shaw — ditto — Phillip Audebert — State Brig* Luther 
Littel — d° — Asa Ware — Cont' Army, dl" Docf Downer, 
Sawyer's report 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 143 

Resolve in Favor of Ehenezer Perkms. 

To the Hon*''"' the Senate, & House of Representatives of 
the Common Welth of the State of y^ Massachusetts Bay 
John Lucas, In behalf of Ebenezer Perkins, a Marine on 
board the Continental Ship Warren Commanded by Dudley 
Saltonstal and who was wounded at Penobscott by a ball's 
entering his brest & passing through part of his Shoulder & 
Arm, by which he has lost the use of it — as appears by a 
Coppey of his Certificates — 

John Lucas Coms""^ 

Pension Office at Boston 26"^ Nov"- 1780 

This to Certify that Ebenezer Perkins Served as a marine 
on board the Ship Warring Dudly Saltonstal Commander, 
upon the Expedition Against Penobscot as Appears by the 
Warrens Books 

William Vernon for the board 

Navey Board at Boston 13*'' April 1780 

This may certifie that Ebenezer Perkins was badly 
wounded ])y a ball that Passed into his brest and out through 
part of his Shoulder & Arm, by which he has lost the use of it 

Jos. Gardner Serg° 
Trew Coppey from the Records — 

John Lucas Commissary of Pensions 
Boston 13*" April 1780 

Conuuon wealth of Massachuscts 

In the House of Representatives Eeb'' 20*" 1781 
Oil the Represcntntidiis of Joliii Lucas Commessary of 
Pensioners in behalf of Ebenezer Perkins a merean on Bord 
the Continental Ship Warren who was wounded at Pcnobscut 
by a l)airs cntrlng his brest and gocn through part of his 
shoulder and anu by which he has lost the use of his arm 



144: docu:mentary history 

as Appears by his Certificates Therefore Resolved that the 
said Ebenezer Perkins is intitled to one third pay as a 
merean to Commence from the 13*'^ of Apriel 1780 

Sent up for Concurrence Caleb Davis Spk"" 

In Senate Feb'^ 20*"^ 1781 

Read & Concurred — 

Jer: Powell Presi"^* 
Approv'd John Hancock 

Resolve Authorizing Benj. Chadbourn to Prosecute 
Trespassers. 

Commonwealth Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Feb^ 20'*' 1781 
Whereas there is a tract of land in the County of York of 
about three mile Square called Cook's lott on the Western 
side of Saco River, and adjoining thereunto without the 
bounds of any Incorporated Town, upon which there are 
many valuable White Pine Masts: a considerable part of 
which lot is the property of this Commonwealth ; and as it is 
said that some persons have made strip and Vv^aste thereon, 
and are again preparing to carry off the pine Masts — afore- 
said by cutting them intx3 mill logs & for other uses — 
Therefore to prevent any further destruction of said Timber 
and also that such as have heretofore Trespassed on said Lott 
may be called upon to make speedy satisfaction therefor 
^It is Resolved that Benjamin Chadbourn of Berwick in 
the County of York Esq'" Be and hereby is fully Authorized 
and impowred, in the name and on the part of this Common- 
wealth to join with the other Proprietors or Tenants in 
Common of the said Tract in commencing & prosecuting to 
final Judgement and Execution any person or persons that 
have unlawfully entred and Committed any Trespass on said 
Lott — Since the first day of Jan'' 1775 or that hereafter may 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 145 

Commit Trespasses thereon — Said Chadbourn to appear in 
person, or by such Attorney as he may see cause to appoint, 
and on the part of this Government, to submit to refrence 
any action or suit or suppos'' cause of action in the same way 
& manner — other partys in their own suits have usually sub- 
mitted them said Chadbourn to account with the Judge of 
Probate for York County, for their Government proportion 
of the Damages that may be received & rais'd by him and to 
pay into the Treasury of the Government, such Sum or Sums 
as may on his account so examind & allow^ appear to be due 
to the State, and the — Treasurer's But shall be a full dis- 
charge for all such sums as he may pay — And it is farther 
Resolved that if any Person have entred on said lot with 
an intention of Selling thereon without leave of the owners 
that the said Benjamin may join with the other Tenant in 
Common in Commencing & prosecuting to final Judg* and 
Execution Actions of Trespass or Ejectment against such 
Intruders as the Call may require — Any law usage or Re- 
solve to the Contrary Notwithstanding 

Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis Spk"" 
In Senate February 21^' 1781 

Read & Concurred 

Jer : Powell Presi*^* 

Approv'd John Hancock 

Letter of Benjamin Lincoln to Governor. 

Boston FeV^ 22 1781 
Sir 

I find by a resolve of the General Court of the O^*" Inst, 
that they arc apprehensive for the safety of the eastern part 
of this Commonwealth ; and from late accounts, I am con- 
vinced, that their fears are not unduly alarmed: for it can 
hardly be doubted but that the enemy will attempt a sub- 

10 



146 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

jugation of it, considering the case, with which it might be 
effected in its present situation; and the advantages which 
would result to the enemy from the measure. The conquest 
of that part of the Country would open to them their useful 
and most necessary mast trade, and afford them a large sup- 
ply of lumber now absolutely necessary in their West India 
Islands, to repair the injuries of the late hurricane. It 
would also give them a large tract of territory, and facilitate 
their extending their conquest westward either by their acts 
or their arms. In addition to these powerful inducements 
the enemy know, that their conquest will be loss of a consider- 
able extent of our territory, deprive us of a valuable pro- 
portion of inhabitants, the principal means of supporting our 
trade to the West Indies, and exceedingly distress our sea- 
ports, by taking from them a source whence they receive their 
fuel and other necessary supplies. ^If these observations 
are justly founded it is undoubtedly the indispensable duty 
of this Commonwealth to adopt in season the most effectual 
measures to counteract the designs of the enemy and provide 
for the safety and happiness of its own inhabitants. ^ Is it 
not then necessary to take into consideration the critical 
state of the eastern part of this Government and what 
measures are necessary to be pursued for its safety and to 
enquire particularly what State of defence the town of Fal- 
mouth is in — whether the works there are compleated — If 
not what time it will take to compleat them — what number 
of cannon there are mounted — what size — and what num- 
ber more and what size are necessary for the works — whether 
the works when compleated will so cover the town as should 
the enemy attempt it will reduce them to the necessity of 
making a regular siege — whether the channel can be so 
stopped or the harbour so commanded as to force the enemy 
to a land attack only — whether there is a proper powder 
magazine — what quantity of powder there is in it — what 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 147 

quantity will be necessary in case of a siege and other mili- 
tary stores — what number of men will be necessary fully to 
garrison the toT\Ti — If the to\vn is not and cannot be so 
secured to what strong post should the stores be removed and 
what proportion of them — Whether the militia in that 
country are well officered — whether they are fully supplied 
with arms ammunition and accoutrements — If they are not 
what are the deficiencies — and what public supplies will be 
necessary — and at what place or places they should be lodged 
— What provisions can be procured in that part of the coun- 
try & what kind — what quantity and kind must be provided 
and sent and where stored — what guards are now necessary 
and where they should be stationed. TfDoes it not also ap- 
pear necessary to request his Excellency the Governor to 
direct that a certain part of the Militia in the Counties of 
Essex and York hold themselves in readiness to march on the 
shortest notice eastward if required and apply to Congress 
to recommend to the kState of New Hampshire to hold a cer- 
tain proportion of their militia in readiness to march either 
at the request of this Commonwealth or the officer command- 
ing in the eastern part of it. 

I have the honor to be Sir with great esteem your most 
obedient servant B Lincoln 

Hon Caleb Davis Esq Speaker 
Commonwealth of ]\Iassachusetts — 

In the House of Representatives FeV^ 22" 1781 

Read & thereupon Ordered that M"" Noys Major Lithgow 
& M*" Lombard with such as the hon Senate shall join be a 
Committee to take this letter into consideration & report 
what is necessary to be done thereon — 
In Senate Feb^ 22"^ 1781 

Sent up for concurrence Caleb Davis Speaker 

Head & Concurrcfl and Jedediah Prebble and Thomas 
Durfeo Esq" are joined Jer: Powell Presi*" 



148 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Wm. McCobb to the Commanding Officer at Falmouth. 

Srs. 

Altho iinacquaiuted with jou, but holding an unwavring 
mind in Respect of the Justice of the great cause now in 
Dispute between Great Britain & America (I mean on the 
side of America) Causes me to Inform your Honours that 
I have this Day been Informed by two friends of undented 
credit who says they have undoughted Information that a 
plan is now forming by our publick Enemy, to take post at 
Falmouth in Casco Bay before the Spring Opens — the 
method to be procured is the Cannon in the fortifications is 
to be Disabled by sum Intarnel Enemies on Shore = while 
a partie by Sea, is to Land and take possession of the forti- 
fications = where they Expect to Reside and Remain in 
Quiat as at Majorbagaduce = matters at this Present Day 
are so conducted which gives much trouble of mind to all 
Friends to the American Cans among us in these parts = 
Allwais looking upon it to be my Duty to give I^otice of the 
least Approchertion of Danger, I would beg you s"" to be on 
your watch against secret Enemies as well as Publick = 

I Remain S"" with Respect your Hum'^ Sar^ 

Wm M'^Cobb 
Boothbay Feb'' 23" 1781 

N. B. There Intentions seems to be to make a sudden 

push 

To the Commanding Officer at Falmouth 

Committee of Georgetown to Governor. 

Sir, We think it expedient to acquaint your Excelency 
by way of express that on the 7 of this Month a Ship, thought 
to be the Dileware ancord in Townsend harbour & burned two 
Sloops that were haled into a Creek ; an Armed Brig Ancord 
in Sheepscut River & landed some Men before Day at Decon 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 149 

Sayers, & robed the House of every thing except a bed on 
which his Daughter had Just lainin then set the House on 
fire, but by the exertions of the Robed Deacon the House 
was saved, others have suffered the loss of Cloaths & great 
abuses, these Vessels are attended with six small schooners, 
one of which is at the Mouth of our Eiver with whaleboats : 
our intelligences from Boothbay is not from any Publick 
Authority, we there fore sent an express but no return, which 
gives us reason to fear that all the Inhabitants on the Sea 
Coast eastward of Sheepscut River are subjugated — The 
Wigs on our sea-coast have been under arms ever since the 
Alarm, this Day we are fixing a Guard of thirty Men to 
continue at the Rivers Mouth till our Express returns — the 
large body of Snow forbids the colecting the scatered Malitia 
if they were Constitutinaly Officered except they were fur- 
nished with Snow shoes — We are determined to Stand if 
possible — Our peculiar Distressing curcumstances on this 
unexpected Alarm urges us to pray for a jSTavel Protection 
lest we are left to the Dire Alternative! of making peace 
with our implacable Enimies or fleeing in this inclement 
eoason — It is conjectured by this extrordenary Meanuver, 
that our Enimies mean to take advantage of our being block t 
up with Snow to Subdue the Seacoast in this unexpected 
Season thereby paveing the way to Falmout — We hope that 
neither the incorrectness of the above account, nor the 
simplessity of our Prayer will hinder that spedy releife that 
the Alanuing situation of your loving Constituants call for — 
•| Cap' Jon'' Davis by whom we send this is able to give a 
more perticular account — 

"I'our Excelency's most Obedient humble Servants 

Wm Swanton I Committee 

Dum"' Sewall / of 

Georgetown Feb' 23" 1781 — ) Georgetown 

To his Excelency John Hancock Esq"" 



150 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

In Senate March 2^ 1781 — 

Eead & thereupon Ordered that Jedidiah Preble & Jon* 
Greenleaf Esq" with such as the Hon'''® House shall join be 
a Committee to take this Letter into Consideration, and make 
a Report there 

Sent down for Concurrence 

Jer: Powell Presi^* 

In the House of Representatives March 2^ 1781 

Read & concurred & Major Lithgow Mr Wells & Mr Lewis 
are join'd 

Caleb Davis Speaker 



Committee of Georgetown to Wm. Lithgow. 

Dear Sir: Our seacoast is infested — Our situation dis- 
tressing — Our Enimies are taking advantage of our security 
by Ice & Snow — A Brittish Ship ancord in Townsend, a 
Brig in Sheepscut, & six small Vessels about the Coast, one 
in the Mouth of Kenebeck with Whaleboats — Two Sloops 
burnt in David Reeds Creek — Decon Sayer of Boothbay 
surprised last Sabath Morning & Robed of every thing in his 
House except a Bed under his Daughter who had Just 
lain in — M"" Herinton of Edgcom robed & abuesed — a boats 
company of 16 landed at Pettegrows, Plundring & Burning 
certain on the Banks of Kenebeck was their design — This ex- 
treordeny Meanuver of our Enimies at this sevear Season 
seams to speak a design of Subjugation — The Snow near 
31/2 feet — Roads blocked up — Our Malitia not Constitu- 
tionally organized, these things maks the Matter serious — 
The Wigs have been under Armes seven Days, this Day we 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 151 

are forming a Guard of thirty Men on the Credit of the 
Town, and have agreed to send Capt Davis Express to Bos- 
ton — We flatter ourselves v^ith a Xaval protection imme- 
diately from Boston — We are determin'd to sell our littel 
all at as high a price as posible — The thought of sev^^ing 
for Peace with Bobers, or Fleeing in this inclement Season 
is too Painfull — We are morrily sure that authority will not 
wate to see some of our not enough I^otised W^igs flee naked 
with Harts too full of simpitliy to relate the Destress of 
their second selves left behind — but we forbair we know 
nothing in your Power will be wanting — We are fearfull 
of all below Sheepscut River as no intiligence but some that 
stole away — Cap* Parker has sent a Man on purpose to 
Boothbay who hath not yet returned — This is not a mear 
motion of the Committee but the most respectable In- 
habitants — 

Yours with the greatest Regard — 

Wm Swanton Jun i Committee 

of 
Dum'' Sewall ) Georgetown 

To William Lithgow Jun Esq"" 

P. S. yours to Dum"" Sewall by Capt Turner is answered by 
the same. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives March 2^ 1781 
Read & committed to the Committee to whom was com- 
mitted the Letter from George Town to his Excelly the 
Governor dated Feb-'^ 2^" 1781 — 
Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speaker 
In Senate March 2'' 1781 
Read & Concurred 

Jer Powell Presi*** 



152 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Despatch Relative to Capture of Genl. Wadsiuorth. 

Head Quarters Thoniastoii FeV 23"^ 1Y81 
May it please Your Excellency 

I now dispatch Major Burton as an express to informe 
you of the loss of our Worthy Brig"" G-en' Wadsworth, whoes 
quarters was surround*^ in the Night of the 17'*' Instant by a 
party of men from Majorbigwaduce and he after an obstinate 
engagement was wound'd, and taken prisoner with, his waiter 
and two men, his behaviour through the whole Scene was 
the most Soilder like he wounding three men^ — I have now 
sent forward two letters, one to your Excellency, the other to 
the Commisary of Prisoners from the Gen' which I recev'd 
on the return of a Flag, that I dispatch'd inunediately on 
hearing of his being taken. Must refer you to Major Burton 
for further particulars being the person that command'd the 
Flag — Altho' in great hast I look upon it as my duty to 
informe you, that our scituation at present is very dangerous, 
there not being more than six men left on the ground, and 
without haveing immediate Assistance from the western parts 
of this Country, or else where, must of Course fall a prey to 
our enemys. I have the Honor to be Your Excellencys 
most Obedient & very Humble Servant — 

Mason Wheaton 
Col : of the 4'^ Reg* of Militia in the County of Lincoln 
To His Excellency John Hancock Esq"" 
In Senate March 5'^ 1781 

Read & Sent down Jer : Powell Presi'^' 

Resolve on Memorial of Col. Allen and Petition of James 

Littlefield. 

The Committee of both Houses on the letter of the 26*'' of 
Jan'' last & the Memorial of Feb" the 1^* from CoP John 
Allen Commander of the Garrison at Machias and Superin- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 153 

tendant of the Indian Eastern Department; and also the 
Petition of James Littlefield praying that his Account for 
supplies of a party of Men & Indians at Passamequody, have 
attended the service & report that the petition & account of 
said Littlefield not being supported that the Petitioner have 
liberty to withdraw them: and the Committee on the afore- 
said letter & Memorial of CoP Allen also report as their 
opinion, That it is of importance for the support and defence 
of the Eastern Department of this Conmion Wealth that the 
resolves of the 28*'^ of i^ovember last respecting supplies 
thereof, & ''requesting the Governor, with the advice of Coun- 
cel, to leicence some suitable Person to have an exclusive 
right to trade with & supply the said Indians in the Eastern 
department, with necessaries untill the further order of the 
General court, to be under such orders & regulations as the 
Governor & Council shall think necessary" be carried into 
effect; and that Col° John Allen be further supplied with 
such articles as are necessary for the supply of the Indians, 
to preserve a friendly intercourse with them & prevent a 
connection with the Enemy, and that he encourage the In- 
dians to keep to their hunting to avoid expence as much as 
possible. — And it appearing to Yovir Committee that the 
orders in the aforesaid resolve for enlisting from among the 
Militia within the said Eastern department forty Men for the 
defence thereof has not been attended with success for want 
of sufficient encouragement for remedy whereof & to provide 
further for said Department. Your Committee report the 

following resolves: 

Jn° Pitts pr order 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate Feb^ 24"' 1781 
Resolved that the Commissary General be & he hereby is 
directed to deliver to Lieu' James Avery Agent to Col" Allen 
Superindaiit to the Eastern Indian department, One hundred 



154 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Bushels of Corn, two hogsheads of Rum & One Quarter Cask 
of Wine, to be sent at different times, in such proportions 
thereof as the Governor & Council shall direct; and that 
there be paid out of the Treasury of this Commonwealth to 
the Commissary General or his order to Enable him to pro- 
cure the said articles the Sum of one hundred & Fifty 
pounds of the iSTew Emmission and it is also Resolved that 
the Agents for cloathing be & hereby are directed to deliver 
to said Avery — Cloath & trimings of a suitable quality, suffi- 
cient for forty suits of Cloths, & forty Blankets as a bounty 
for the men ordered to be raised by the resolve of the 28'*^ 
of November last to augment the Garrison of Machias. — And 
as it appears by the Memorial of Col° Allen, that consider- 
able expences have arose by reason of his not having supplies 
in time, for which he is indebted, therefore resolved that there 
be paid out of The Treasury of this Common Wealth to Col° 
John Allen or his order, the Sum of six hundred pounds new 
Emission, to defray the expences aforesaid: He to be ac- 
countable for the same. 1[ And whereas the Critical State of 
the eastern Department requires all possible attention for its 
support & defence, w*''* is of great consequence not only to this 
Common Wealth, but the United States in General, there- 
fore resolved that the Governor be & hereby is requested to 
continue to write to Congress that what has been & may be 
advanced by this Government for the support & defence of 
the Eastern Country, may be carried to the credit of this 
Common Wealth — 

Read & sent down — Jer : Powell Presi'^' 

In the House of Representatives Feb'"'' 26, 1781 

Read & accepted 

Sent up for concurrence Caleb Davis Speaker 
In Senate February 26'*' 1781 

Read & Concurred Jer: Powell Presi*"* 

Approv'd John Hancock 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 156 

Order Relative to Unappropriated Lands. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate February 26'^ 1781 

Ordered, that Jedidiah Preble & Jon* Greenleaf Esq" 
with such as the Honorable House shall join, be a Com- 
mittee to ascertain the Unappropriated Lands belonging to 
this Commonwealth lying between Saco River, and the State 
of Xew Hampshire, and to ascertain the Boundary Line & 
Lines between the Land belonging to this Commonwealth 
lying in the place aforesaid and the Lands claimed by the 
Proprietors holding under Major William Phillips and 
Bridget Phillips — and to Report at the next Session of the 
General Court. 

Sent down for Concurrence 

Jer: Powell, Presi^* 
In the House of Representatives March 2*^ 1781 

Read k concurred as taken into a new draught & John 
Lewis, William Lithgow & the hon. David Sewall Esq"" are 
joined 

Caleb Davis Speaker 
In Senate May 1" 1781 

Read & Concurred 

Jer: Powell Presi^* 
Approv'd John Hancock 



J as Richardson to Charles Miller About Supplies. 

Boston Feb'' 26''' 1781 
Dear Sir. 

Being hon" last Evening with a Resolve of the Hon''"' Gen- 
eral Court of this Common Wealth requesting me to furnish 
immediately Two hund'' Barrells of Flour k One bund'' Bar- 
rells of Pork for the use of Four hund** & seventy three Con- 



156 DOCUMENTATiY HISTORY 

tinental Troops necessarily detained for the protection of the 

three Eastern Counties in this Common Wealth which the 

Enemy now consider as one principal object of their attention 

— ^ I beg you will be pleased without loss of time to procure 

& deliver me Two hund*^ Barrells of Flour & One hund*^ 

Barrells of Pork accordingl}^ or with such part thereof as 

may be in your power whereby you will essentially promote 

the Interest of the United States & greatly oblige TfD"" Sir 

y*" most Obed' & very Hb'^ Serv* — 

Ja^ Richardson D C G Issues 
(Copy) 

Charles Miller Esq"" 



Reply to Same. 

Boston February 26, 1781 
Sir 

Your favour of this day have Duly Received and note the 
Contents — It would give me great pleasure, was it in my 
Power to Comply v/ith your Request in Supplying you with 
200 barrels Flour, & 100 barrels Pork, but it is not; I am 
Largely indebted now for the Bread I have Supply'd this 
Department with for the Last three Months I have Repeat- 
edly Wrote the Commissary Gen^ of Purchases for Supply of 
money to support this Department & he has Assured me 
from time to time that he wou'd Support me with Cash but 
he has not done it I have not Received a Dollar from him 
Since Last may k this Department is now Supported with 
Bread on my Credit When I shall be able to Discharge the 
Debts I have already Contracted for the Public I know not 
— & I do not think it prudent for me to Involve myself any 
further in Debt if any person would Trust me When I see so 
little prospect of being Supply'd with Cash to Discharge 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 157 

those Already Contracted — If the General Court will point 
out any way that I may be Supply'd with Cash to purchase 
those Articles with I can procure them on the Shortest notice 
— and this is now the only Regular Mode that Continental 
Troops can be Supply'd in I always have the Interest of 
the United States at Heart and you must be Sensible that 
I have ever Exerted myself in Support of the Department — 
I am Sir, Your most Obe'^ Serv* 

Charles Miller D C G P. 
James Richardson Esq. D C G I. 



Resolve in Favor of Town of Fryehurg. 

Common Welth of Massachusetts 

in the House of Representatives Feb'' 26"^ 1781 
The Committee appointed to take into Consideration the 
Requisition for men Laid on the town of Fryehurg by a Re- 
solve of the General Court of the 2^^ of December 1780 have 
attended that Service and it appears to your Committee that 
the town of Fryehurg have more men Required of them then 
their Proportion therefore Beg Leve to Report by way of 
Resolve — ^Resolved that the town of Fryburg be and they 
hereby are Excused from Raising of three men of the Quota 
assigned them by the Resolve of Dec/ 2'' afores** 
Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speaker 

In Senate February 26*'' 1781 
Read & Concurred 

Jer: Powell Presi"' 
Approv'' John Hancock 



158 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Resolve in Favour of Moses Gunn. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Feb. 27 1781 

Whereas Moses Gunn Representative for the Town of 

Montague in the Year 1777 attended his duty in said House 

for 15 days in that year in the May and November Sessions 

for which & one Travel he hath not been made up in any 

Pay Roll ^ Resolved that he the said Moses Gunn be made 

up in the pay Roll of this Session for the fifteen Days At- 

tendence and Travel aforesaid at the Same Rate as other 

Members are made up & that the same be charged to the 

Town of Montague in the next Tax. 

Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speak"" 
In Senate February 27*'' 1781 

Read & Concurred 

/ Jer: Powell Presi'** 

Approv^ John Hancock. 



Joh7i McLellan to the Governor. 

Fahnouth Feb" 27"^ 1781 
Sir 

The Inclosd I Rece*^ this Day & thought it my Duty to 
forward it to your Excelencey without Delay We have had 
Divers reports that the Enemy are Meditating an Attackt 
upon this place but what ever Theire real Intentions may be 
we think it will be Prudant to be provided for the worst — 
We therefore beg leave to request that your Excelency Will 
order to this place such supplies of Men & provisions And 
warlike stores as will be iSTecessary to make an Effectual De- 
fence, the Importance of this place to this State & the Other 
United States, & the Advantage it will be to our Enemy If 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 159 

they should git possession of it Xeed not be mentoned to your 
Excelencey — At present we are in A Defenceless State 
Destitute of Almost every Necessary for making a Defence 
Small armes in perticular and Officers — And what few men 
vre have had at this post this Winter are Allmost Naked for 
want of their Cloathing Not having received Aney since they 
Engaged — But for particulars I must Refer your Excelen- 
cey to M"" Hall the bearer who Can Inform your Excelencey 
of the State of the Garrison here & who your Excelencey iMay 
put the Greatest Confidence in Am Sir your Excellenceys 

most Obed' & Verrev Hm*"'' Serv' 

Jo^ M'^Lallen 

Commanding Officer at Falmouth 

His Excellencey John Hancock Esq"" 

Common v,'ea 1th of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives March 3 : 1781 

Read & committed to the Committee of both Houses on 

Gen' Lincoln's Letter of 22 ult" respect^ the Guard^ of the 

Eastern Coast 

Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speaker 

In Senate March 3'' 1781 

Read & Concurred 

Jer: Powell Presi''' 



Jas. Richardson to Genl. Court. 

Boston Feb^ 27'" 1781 
Hon'*" Sir 

In the Evening of the 25*'' Ins' having the honor to re- 
ceive a Resolve of the Hon''''' General Court of this Com- 
mon Wealth requesting me to procure Two hun'' Barr'^ of 
Flour & one hun'' Barrells of Pork for the use of Four hund'' 



160 DOCUMENTAKY HISTOKY 

& seventy three Continental Troops detained for the defence 

of the three Eastern Counties of this Common Wealth — 

tl made immediate application to Cha* Miller Esq"" D C 

Gen' Piireh^ for the Continent requesting him to procure & 

deliver me the said Two hund^ Barrells of Flour & one 

hund^ Barr'^ of Pork — a Copy of my application with his 

Answer I beg leave to enclose for your Hon" perusal & am 

with perfect respect Hon*"'^ Sir y*" Hon" most Obed* & very 

Hb'" Serv* 

Ja* Richardson D C D Issues 

The Hon'''^ Benj" Lincoln Esq' 



Resolve in re Treasurer of Boothbay. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives March 1, 1Y81 
On the representation of the Major part of the Select men 
of Boothbay To this Court dated October 25, 1780 ^Re- 
solved That ISTath' Thwing Esq of Woolwich, Dummer 
Sewall Esq"" of George Town, and Waterman Thomas Esq"" 
of Thomaston All in the County of Lincoln be, and they are 
hereby appointed a Committee to enquire into the Represen- 
tation made })y the Select Men of Boothbay in said County, 
and if they find the facts to be as set forth in said Repre- 
sentation, that they see the Treasurer's accounts of said 
Town adjusted as soon as may be, and the late Treasurer 
mentioned in said Representation and the present Treasurer 
are hereby directed to attend the business of Settlement as 
aforesaid. And they are also directed to order a Settlement 
with the Delinquent Militia officers in said Town, and they 
are hereby directed to pay the fines received by them into the 
Treasury of said Town for the Use of said Town. The 
Expence arrising in Consequence of the above to be paid by 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 161 

the Town of Boothbay. And the Committee aforesaid are 

directed to make Known of their doings to this Court as soon 

as may be 

Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speaker 
In Senate March 1^' 1781 

Read & Concurred 

Jer: Powell Presi"^' 

Approv'd John Hancock 



Report of Committee in re Defence of Eastern Country. 

The committee to whom was refered the Letter from Gen- 
eral Lincoln on the state of the Eastern Country beg leave to 
report — That from the reasons he has offered and others 
which have come to their knowledge there is the highest prob- 
nl)ility tliat the Enemy means to attempt the subjugation of 
it in the Spring & that the present defenceless situation of 
that Country is but an invitation to them to take possession of 
it — That the Works at Falmouth are quite inadequate to 
cover the Town and that they are deficient in Artillery & 
Stores — That the Militia are by no means fully organized or 
properly suppl_yed with Arms & Ammunition — That the 
Country doth not afford a full supply of any one article of 
Provision at this season of the Year and at the best meat only 
— Your committee beg leave therefore further to observe that 
in their opinion a good Work on Mount Joy at the Easterly 
part of the Town of Falmouth, and other Works at the West- 
erly part (at both of which places Works are begun) with 
proper out Works and suitable Cannon mounted in them will 
cover the Town and j)r(!v('nt, the Enemy from making a lodge- 
ment in any part thcra)f which will not be commanded by 
those Works, those Works will also command the Harbour and 
prevent any Ships lying within reach of the Town unless sub- 

11 



162 DOCUME^TAKY HISTOKY 

jected to the Fire of the Forts — That ten Cannon at least 
from Eighteens & upwards will be necessary in addition to 
those already there to compleat the Works. — That 10056 
thousand round shot and pounds of Grape will be necessary 
according to the annexed schedule & twenty Tuns of powder — 
That the Works should be such at the places aforesaid as 
when compleated they will reduce the Enemy to the necessity 
of a regular Siege before they can be carried which will give 
so much time to call in the neighbouring ]\rilitia that they 
will probably be in force to raise the Siege or cover the Gar- 
rison in coming of when opposition shall no longer avail 
should they be reduced to so unhappy a situation — That 
three hundred men will be necessary for a constant Garrison 
in Falmouth during the summer who may be employed in 
compleating the Works — but no provision need be made for 
raising them untill an answer be received from Congress 
respecting the destination of the men raised in y® three 
lower Counties — That two hundred Barrels of Beef & Pork 
and the same number of barrels of Flour be sent as soon as 
may be to Falmouth for the use of the Troops & that sixty 
Barrels of Beef & Pork & sixty Barrels of Flour lye for the 
use of the Garrison in case of a Siege and that the Com- 
missary have orders to keep that supplyed, at least, always 
on Hand — That five hundred stands of Arms and Ac- 
coutrements Ten thousand Flints, 2000 pounds Musket 
powder 4000 pounds of lead or musket ball of different sizes, 
proper paper & thread for making cartridges be lodged in 
some safe magazine in the rear of the Town That three 
hundred men be stationed in the County of Lincoln to act 
there or in the neighbouring Country as the safety & good 
of the whole may require to be raised as shall be ordered in 
future — That his Excellency the Governor, be requested to 
order one half of the militia in the Counties of Lincoln, 
Cumberland York & Essex to hold themselves in readiness to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 163 

march at the shortest notice to the Aid of the Eastern part 
of this conmionwcalth when called by him to that service or 
the officer commanding in the Eastern part of it on the ap- 
proach of the Enemy and to continne thns in readiness for 
the first two months after & then the other half & so in rota- 
tion imtill the close of the year at least — That his Excellency 
the Governor be also desired to address Congress & request 
that they would recommend to the state of I^ew Hampshire 
to hold one half of their Militia in readiness at all times to 
march to the Aid of the Eastern part of this State to march at 
his Call or at the Call of such officer as he shall appoint. All 
which is submitted — 

Jedediah Preble p"" order 
In Senate February 27''' 1781 

Read and Sent down 

Jer: Powell Presi''' 



Resolve Relating to Supplies, and New Hampshire Troops 
For Defence. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the Senate March 1 — 1781 

Whereas there is great reason to apprehend that the Enemy 
have in contemplation the'reduction of some part of the three 
eastern Counties in this Commonwealth, or that by taking 
possession of some advantageous post they aim at effecting 
an additional permanent Establishment therein — And 
A\'hereas the provision ah-eady made for completing the 
^^'orks at Falmouth for raising Men necessary for the defence 
of said Counties, and for Supplying the Troops destined or 
that may hereafter be destined to ser\'c in the same, is in- 
adequate to so important an End — therefore — 

Resolved that Seven hundred Men be appropriated to the 
defence of the Eastern parts of this Commonwealth the en- 



164 DOCUME^^TARY HISTORY 

suing Campaign, to be raised on such establishment, & for 
such time as the General Court shall hereafter order in the 
mean Time that the Governor be & is hereby requested to 
order a Detachment of such parts of the Militia as he with 
the Advice of Council may judge necessary for their imme- 
diate Defence who together with the Militia serving in the 
County of Lincoln shall be on such and such an Estab- 
lishment as the General Court shall hereafter Order 

That 200 barrells of Beef and Pork and the like quantity 
of Flour be procured for the use of said Troops, and such of 
the Militia as may be raised on any emergency for the de- 
fence of the said Counties or either of them, at the discretion 
of the Governor or the Commanding Officer in said Counties. 

That 500 Stand of Arms with their Accoutrements, 10000 
Flints 2000 '" of Musket powder, 4000 lb. of Lead, or Musket 
Ball of different sizes, a quantity of paper and thread proper 
for making Cartridges, 10 pieces of Cannon from 18 
pounders and upwards, together with the several Articles 
of round & grape shot mentioned in the annexed schedule be 
procured as soon as may be for the use of said Department, 
for which purpose the Governor of this Commonwealth is 
hereby empowered to issue his Orders to the Superintendent 
of purchases for said Cormnonwealth and to the Commissary 
General of the same for such of the above mentioned Articles 
as they now have on hand, respectively or such as they may 
be speedily able to procure, ^ That the Governor be also 
requested, in case the said Superintendent & Commissary 
General shall be unable to furnish the abovesaid Articles to 
apply in behalf of this Commonwealth to the Continental 
Commissary of Issues and to the Continental Commissary 
of warlike stores, for such of the above enumerated Articles as 
they may respectively be able to procure — ^ That on the 
said Articles or any part of them being procured as afore- 
said the Governor by and with the advice of Council is hereby 



OF THE STATE OF :MAINE 105 

empowered and requested to send the same to the said Coun- 
ties, or either of them at such times and in such proportion 
as he with the advice of Council shall Judge necessary — 

That on the arrival of any such supplies in said Counties 
or either of them They shall be under the direction of the 
Commanding Officer there, who is hereby required to secure 
them in some safe magazine, under a proper Guard — 
^ That the Commissary to be appointed for that Department 
be and he hereby is required to keep a constant supply of 
sixty Barrells of beef and Pork, and a like quantity of Flour 
in the Garrison at Falmouth as a necessary supply against a 
seige — T[ That be appointed Agent in the County 

of Cumberland, and that be appointed Agent 

in the County of Lincoln who are hereby respectively em- 
powered to sell to the JSIilitia of their Respective Counties 
such of the Arms and accoutrements aforesaid as they may 
receive from the Commanding Officer for that purpose — 
^ That the price of each Arm with Accoutrements shall be 
the sum of the said Agents to be accountable 

for all arms they may receive as aforesaid, and for the I\Ioney 
for which they may sell any Arms as aforesaid which money 
shall be disposed of as the General Court may hereafter 
Order — IF That the said Commanding Officer be and he is 
hereby directed to deliver into the hands of such Agent or 
Agents so many of the said Arms from time to time as he 
shall think proper for the purpose aforesaid, taking duplicate 
receipts therefor, one of which to be lodged in the Secretary's 
Office 

That the Governor be and ho is hereby requested to 
issue the necessary Orders that one half of the Militia of the 
Counties of Essex York, Cumberland & Lincoln hold them- 
selves in constant readiness during the Term of two Months 
to march at the shortest Notice to the aid of the said Counties 
or either of them whenever they shall be thereto required by 



166 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Governor, or the said Commanding Officer ; that the Other 
half of the said Militia then hold themselves in readiness as 
aforesaid during the Term of two Months and so in rotation 
as long as the Governor by and with the Advice of Council 
Shall Judge necessary — ^And whereas the State of New 
Hampshire by reason of its contiguity to the said Counties 
must at least be equally affected with this Commonwealth 
by the invasion or reduction of the same; it is therefore but 
reasonable that the said State should contribute her propor- 
tion of Men Money and Supplies toward the Common De- 
fence of said Counties — therefore T[ Resolved that the 
Governor be and he is hereby requested immediately to ad- 
dress Congress on the Subject, and to request in behalf of 
this Commonwealth that they will be pleased earnestedly to 
recommend it to the said State of New Hampshire to fur- 
nish a reasonable proportion of supplies as aforesaid accord- 
ing to their Abilities, and — ^ That in the mean time com- 
missioners be delegated immediately to repair to the said State 
of IvTew Hampshire, and in behalf of this Commonwealth to 
request the Legislature of the same, immediately to join this 
Commonwealth in the Measures adopted or that may here- 
after be adopted for the defence of the said eastern 
Counties — 

Read and sent down Jer: Powell Presi''^ 

In the House of Representatives March 2 1781 

Read & committed to the Committee on the letter from 

George Town to his Excellency the Gov"" dated Feb'^ 23** 1781 

Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis Spk"" 
In Senate March 2*^ 1781 

Read & Concurred 

Jer: Powell Presi*^* 
Endorsed : 300 Men to be Inlisted f Muster Master al- 
ready appointed in those Counties to Muster such Soldiers 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 167 

T] Whereas by a Former Resolve the Continent' Troops were 
to be subject to the orders of General Lincoln within those 
Counties & Whereas Gen' Lincoln is at this Time out of the 
State then Resolved that said Troops shall be subject to the 
Order of the Governor who is hereby impowered to appoint 
such Officers as may be necessary to Command in addition 
to those already appointed by the General for that purpose — 
Resolved that AB. be appointed paymaster & that the 
Governor appoint a Quarter ]\[aster for the Militia who shall 
serve as such for the Continental Troops till such an Officer 
be appointed. Also endorsed : Report of Com on Gen Lin- 
coln's Letter 22'' Feb^^ Falm° Affairs 



Resignation of John Avery. 

Sir, ^ Having had the Honor to be Commissiond a Lieuten- 
ant in Colonel John Allans Core Station'd at Machias the 
4"^ of July 1777, by the Honble Council of the (then) State 
of Massachusetts Bay & Continued in that Service since that 
Time — & Being now Desirous of leaveing the Service in that 
Department, beg leave to Resign. 

I have the Honor to be With the greatest respect your 

Excellency's most Hble Servt 

Jas Avery 

Boston March 1^' 1781 

In Council March 27'" 1781 

Advised — That the Resignation of Lieut James Avery be 
& hereby is accepted 

Jn° Avery Sec' 
His Excellency John Hancock Esq"" 



1G8 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Resolve Relating to Prosecution and Settlement Trespassers 
on Public Lands. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives March 2^ 1781 
Whereas it has been Represented to the general Court that 
divers Trespasses have been committed on the unappropriated 
Lands belonging to this Commonwealth & that divers persons 
have illegally Entred upon & taken possession of various 
Tracts of said Land & still continue to hold Possession there- 
of contrary to Law & Justice And Whereas it is probable 
that further Trespasses may be committed & illegal Entries 
made unless proper Measures are taken to prevent the same 
Therefore 

Resolved that Jedidiah Preble, Jonathan Greenleaf David 
Sewall John Lewis and William Lithgow Esq" be & hereby 
are appointed a Committee to Examin into all such Tres- 
passes & illegal Entries with full Power in Behalf of this 
Commonwealth to Commence any Action or Actions against 
any Person or persons who have or may hereafter commit 
any Trespass or Trespasses on the said Lands & also against 
any Person or persons who now hold or may hereafter hold 
Possession of any Tract or Tracts of said Lands contrary to 
Law & prosecute the same Action or Actions to final Judge- 
ment Execution & Receipt, Saving Nevertheless Where any 
such Trespasser shall be disposed to make due Recompence 
in the Judgement of said Committee, for any Damage done 
to the Commonwealth by him. In that Case the said Com- 
mittee are hereby directed to accept the same & discharge 
the Trespasser so making Recompence for his Trespass. And 
also Where any illegal Possessor as aforesaid shall signify 
to the said Committee that he is desirous of purchasing the 
Land by him possessed as aforesaid & shall agree on Condi- 
tion of Receiving a good Deed of Conveyance or Grant of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 109 

such Land to pay to said Committee for the Use of the Com- 
monwealth such Sum or Sums of Money as they shall Judge 
the same to be reasonably worth & shall give proper Security 
for the performance of such xVgreement the said Coimnittee 
being of Opinion that it will be for the Interest of this Com- 
monwealth to dispose of the same to such Person, are hereby 
directed to make Report thereof to the General Court for 
their Consideration & further Order thereon 

And it is further Resolved that said Committee be & here- 
by are directed to Examine the Authenticity of Claims to the 
said unappropriated Lands or any part thereof which they 
may have Reason to think are not well founded & Report the 
State of such Claims to the General Court as soon as may be 

And it is further Resolved that the said Committee be & 
hereby are directed to Run & Mark out or Cause to be Run 
& marked out such Di\dding Lines between the Lands be- 
longing to or Claimed by any Individual or JSTumber of In- 
dividuals & the said Unappropriated Lands as they may 
Judge necessary for the purpose of preventing Trespassing 
& illegal Entries in Future 

And it is further Resolved that the said Committee be & 
hereby are directed to Take or cause to be taken any Plan or 
Plans of said unappropriated Lands or any part thereof that 
shall be demed necessary for answering any of the purposes 
aforesaid And also to estimate & ascertain the Whole Number 
of Acres contained in said imappropriated Lands as near as 
may be with Convenience. 

And it is further Resolved that the said Committee be & 
hereby are authorised for the purpose of Commencing & 
Prosecuting any of the Actions aforesaid to Substitute one 
or more Attorneys & the same Substitution to Revoke at 
pleasure & appoint others in their Stead as the Case or Cases 
may Require & allow & pay him or them for their several 
Services what the same may be reasonably worth 



170 DOCTTMENTARY HISTOEY 

And it is furtlier Resolved that said Committee be & here- 
by are directed to publish this Resolve or such parts thereof 
in the Boston & Worcester News Papers as they may think' 
proper in Order that the Trespassers & Illegal Possessors 
aforesaid may have an Opportunity of availing themselves 
of this Lenity of Government to save the Expence which 
might otherwise be incurred by Law Suits. 

And it is further Resolved that any Three of said Com- 
mittee shall be sufficient to settle any Business to them 
committed in the Resolve and the said Committee are di- 
rected from Time to Time to make Return to the General 
Court of all their Proceedings with Accounts on Oath of 
their Time & Expence and also the Several Sums of Money 
and Securities for the payment of such Sums of Money which 
they may Receiv'd in Consequence of this Resolve 



Report of Committee on Protection of Eastern Coast. 

The Committee of both houses appointed to take into Con- 
sideration an Express from the Coimty of Lincoln & have 
attended that service beg leave to Report the following Re- 
solve & sit again 

Jedediah Preble p"" Order 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate March 2'* 1781 
Whereas by recent Advices received by Express from the 
Eastward it appears that the Enemy with a Number of armed 
Vessels, are dayly committing the most horrid Depredations 
& Cruelties on the Inhabitants who Reside on or near the 
Sea Coasts in the County of Lincoln Therefore ^Resolved 
that the Governor be & hereby is Requested immediately to 
dispatch an Express to the Admiral or Commander of the 
French Fleet at Newport earnestly Requesting in Behalf of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE l7l 

this Commonwealth that the said Admiral or Commander 
will be pleased immediately to order that the French Ship 
of War now laying in the port of Boston & if possible one 
Frigate from the said Fleet at ISTewport be detached to Cruise 
for a few days on the Eastern Coast of this Commonwealth 
for the purpose of Capturing or destroying any Vessels that 
may be found infesting the same ^And it is further Ke- 
solved that the Governor be Requested immediately to order 
that the ship Mars be discharged of her Cargo & fitted for 
Sea with all possible Dispatch that she may be Ready to 
proceed on said Cruise in Conjunction with the said ships 
or either of them on the shortest ISTotice Tf And it is further 
Resolved that as an Inducement to private armed Vessels to 
Cruise against the worthless Banditti who are continually 
ravaging said Coasts the following Bounty be granted by this 
Commonwealth to the Owners & Crew of every private armed 
Vessel which after the Tenth Day of March Ins* shall Cap- 
ture & Bring in to port or destroy any Vessel belonging to the 
Enemy which may be found infesting the Sea Coast of the 
Counties of York, Cimiberland or Lincoln or cruising within 
Five Leagues thereof Viz. for each Cannon mounted on 
lx)ard of any such Vessel carrying Two Pound Shot the Sum 
of Fifty pounds in Silver & Gold or Bills of Credit Equiva- 
lent for each Cannon mounted aforesaid carrying Three 
Pound Shot the sum of Sixty pounds in Like Money for 
each Cannon mounted as aforesaid carrying Four Pound 
Shot the Sum of Seventy pounds in Like Money for each 
Eighty pounds in Like Money — for each Cannon mounted 
as aforesaid carrying a nine Pound Shot the sum of one 
hundred & Twenty pounds in money as afores'' and also for 
each man that shall be taken on board any such Vessel & 
belonging to the same & Delivered to the Commissary of 
Prisoners The Sum of Six pounds in money as affores^ 
Read & Sent down Jer : Powell Presi*" 



172 DOCUMEXTARY HISTORY 

In the House of Representatives March 2"^ 1781 
Read & accepted 

Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speaker 
In Senate March 2'' 1781 

Read & Concurred 

Jer: Powell Presi^' 
Approv** John Hancock 



Resolves in re Protectimi Eastern Counties. 

The Committee of both houses on the Several expresses 
from the Eastward and the Letters accompanying the same 
beg leave farther to report the following Resolves 

Jedidiah Preble p"" order 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate March 3*^ 1781 

Whereas from authentic intelligence received from various 
parts there is great reason to apprehend that a Plan is now 
forming, or already formed by our Enemy for the imme- 
diate Subjugation of the three eastern Counties in this Com- 
monwealth ; and Whereas no adequate provision has been yet 
made for preventing so capital an evil, — It is therefore 

Resolv'd, that seven hundred men be raised and appro- 
priated to the defence of the eastern parts of said Common- 
wealth the ensuing Campaig-n, for such time and on such 
Establishment as shall be hereafter ordered — That in the 
mean time the Governor be and he is hereby rquested to 
order a detachment from such parts of the Militia of said 
Commonwealth, as he with the advice of Council may deem 
necessary for the immediate defence of said Counties which 
detachments together with the ]\Iilitia now serving in the 
County of Lincoln to be on such Establishment as the 
General Court shall hereafter order. That 200 barrells of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



173 



Pork and beef and a like quantity of Flour be procured as 
soon as may be for the use of such Troops as may be destined 
to serve in the eastern department. 

That 500 Stand of arms with their accoutrements, 10000 
Flints, 2000 pounds of Musket powder, 4000 pounds of Lead 
or musket ball of different Sizes, proper quantity of paper 
and thread tit for making Cartridges, 10 Pieces of Cannon 
from 18 pounders and upwards, together with the several 
Articles of round and grape shot mentioned in the annexed 
schedule, be also procured as soon as possible for the use of 
said Department ; for which purpose the Governor is hereby 
requested to issue his Orders to the Superintendent of pur- 
chases of said Commonwealth and to the Commissary General 
of the same for such of the above enumerated Articles of pro- 
visions and warlike Stores as they may now respectively have 
on hand or such of them as they may be speedily able to pro- 
cure in their several Departments 

That the Governor be also, in case the said superintendent 
or Commissary General shall be unable to procure said 
Articles of provision and warlike Stores requested imme- 
diately to make application in behalf of said Commonwealth 
(o the Continental Conmiissary of issues & to the Continental 
Connnissary of Warlike Stores for such of the aforemen- 
tioned Articles of provision and Warlike Stores as they may 
be able to furnish for the purpose aforesaid in their respec- 
tive Departments — 

And it is further Resolved that there be paid out of the 
Treasury of s** Common"' to the said Commissary General, a 
Sum not exc jdirig of the new emission, part of 

llie sum of 'l\vciily 'riiousiiiid Dolhirs oi-dcred to be borrowed 
from (oiitiiiciitid Loan Ottice by a Resolve of the 2'" instant, 
to be api)licd to the sole purpose of enal)ling the said Com- 
missary to comply with the Governor's Jvequisitions as afore- 
said. 



174 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

That as soou as the said Articles of provision and Warlike 
Stores or any part thereof can be procured, the Governor b}^ 
and with the advice of Council is hereby requested to adopt 
the most speedy & effectual Measures for causing the said 
Articles to be conveyed to the said Counties in such propor- 
tion as he with the advice of Council may judge expedient ; 
the same to be under the direction of the Commanding Officer 
in s'' Department, and by him secured in some safe Magazine 
or Magazines under a sufficient guard — 

That the Governor be requested to appoint a Commissary 
Q"" Master & Surgeon & Secry to serve said Department 
which Comm^ is hereby authorized and empowered to ap- 
point sufficient Deputy Commissaries under him not ex- 
ceeding the xTumber of who are to be accountable to 
the said Commissary — 

That the said Commissary be and he is hereby requested 
to keep a Constant supply of Sixty Barrells of Beef and pork 
and a like quantity of Flour in the Garrison at Falmouth 
against a Seige — 

And it is further Resolved that the Governor be and he is 
hereby requested immediately to issue his Orders to the 
Militia of the several Counties of Essex, York, Cumberland 
and Lincoln that one half of the said Militia hold themselves 
in constant readiness during the Term of Two Months to 
March at the Shortest Notice from the Governor or Com- 
manding Officer of said Department to the aid of said Coun- 
ties of York, Cimiberland and Lincoln or either of them and 
that the Other half of said Militia then hold themselves in 
Readiness for a like Term and for the purpose aforesaid, 
and so in rotation as long as the Governor by & with the 
advice of Council shall Judge necessary. 

And Whereas the State of jSTew Hampshire by reason of 
its contiguity to the said eastern Counties must at least be 
equally affected with this Commonwealth by the Invasion or 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 175 

Reduction of the same; it is therefore but Reasonable that 
the said State should contribute her proportion of J^len 
Money and supplies toward the Common defence of said 
Counties. 

Therefore Resolved that the Governor be and hereby is re- 
quested immediately to address Congress on the Subject, and 
to request in behalf of this Commonwealth that they earnest- 
ly Recommend it to the said State of Xew Hampshire to 
furnish a reasonable proportion of Supplies as aforesaid. 
That in the mean time commissioners be delegated immediate- 
ly to repair to the said State of i^ew Hampshire, and in behalf 
of this Commonwealth to request the Legislature of said State 
immediately to join said Commonwealth in the measures 
adopted or that may hereafter be adopted for the defence of 
said eastern Counties — 

Read & Sent down 

Jer: Powell Presi"' 

In the House of Representatives March 4^*" 1781 

Read & accepted as taken into a new draught 

Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speaker 

In Senate March 6'*^ 1781 

Read & thereupon Ordered, that Josiah Stone & Samuel 
Niles Esq*"^ with such as the Hon'''^ House shall join be a 
Committee to take this Report, together with the Resolve 
passed the 9"' of Feb""' last relative to the Eastern Depart- 
ment into Consideration — and make Report thereon 
Sent down for Concurrence 

Jer: Powell Presi'^* 

In tlic House of Representatives March Q^^ 1781 

Read & concurred & Col" Little W Mills & Maj' Lithgow 

are joined 

Caleb Davis Spk^ 



17G DOCU:ME^'TARY HISTORY 

lu Senate March e'"" 1781 — 

Read & ConcTirred w*'' the House as taken into a new draft 

w^*" an amendment at A to B in page 3 

sent down for Concurrence 

Jer. Powell Presi"^* 

^■iz dele, from A to B excepting ^'fifty barrels of Beef" 

In the House of Representatives March Q^^ 1781 

Read & concurred Caleb Davis Speaker 

In the House of Representatives March 10 : 1781 

Reconcurred Caleb Davis Speaker 

Resolve on Petition of Inhahitants Thomastown. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives March 6 1781 

On The Petition of the Inhabitants of Thomastown in the 
County of Lincoln Seting forth their difficulties by reason of 
A A'J'umber of Cruizers on their Coast, & Other Circumstances 
they are Under. Therefore pray for a Temporary Release 
of the Beef Tax Set upon that Town. — 

Resolved that the Inhabitants of Thomastown be informed, 
by having a Copy of this resolve sent to them, that this Court 
are taking proper measures for the defense of all the Eastern 
Sea Coasts, that there will be Soldiers in such places in that 
part of the Country as Shall be tho't proper & that such part 
of their Beef as they can furnish will be expended in the 
ensuing Campaign for their Own defence and the Secretary 
is humbly desired to furnish s'' Inhalntants of Thomastov/n 
with an attested Copy of this Resolve 

Sent up for concurrence Caleb Davis Spk"" 

In Senate March 7*'^ 1781 
Read & Concurred 

Jer: Powell Presi''* 
Appro v'd John Hancock 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 177 

Resolve Relating to Exchange of Gen'' Wadsworth. 

Commonwealtli of IMassacliusetts 

In the House of Kepresentatives Q^^ March 1781 

On a Letter received from Brig'" Gen* Wadsworth, dated 
Bigwaduce Fort George 20 Feb^ 1781 requesting that he 
now a prisoner of war, may be exchanged as soon as possible ; 
Resolved, that the Governor be & he hereby is desired to take 
measures for effecting the Exchange of so worthy an Officer 
as soon as may be. 

On a Letter received from Col° Wheaton, dated Head 
Quarters Thomaston 23 Feb^ 1781, informing of the Capture 
of Brig"" Gen' Wadsworth ; & of the critical, dangerous Situa- 
tion of that part of the Country ; 

Resolved, that the Governor be, & he hereby is requested 
to inform s'' Col° that measures are now adopting for the 
immediate Defence of the eastern parts of this Common- 
wealth; & that in the mean time Col" Wheaton be directed to 
take the most effectual measures for the Security of the 
provision & Stores at Thomaston. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

Caleb Davis Spk"" 
In Senate March 7''' 1781 

Read & Concurred 

Jer: Powell Presi'^' 

[The letter of Col. Whcaton's referred to will be found 

iiii.lcr date of Feb. 23]. 



Letter Relating to Defence of Eastern Country. 

Newport, G'" March 1781 
My dear Sir: 

His Excellency General Wa.shinglon arrived here this 

Forenoon. I have had an opportunity of conversing with 

12 



178 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

him with Respect to our Eastern Country and the propriety 
of retaining the Troops raised in the three lower Counties, 
for the Defence of them. He says the Measure can by no 
Means he assented to, as Congress have ordered all the Troops 
South of Jersey to join the Southern Army — So that the 
Main Army must he composed of the ISTew England, New 
York, and Jersey-Lines — which forbids his assenting to any 
Detachments. I wish the Assembly had known this before 
they were adjourned — for the Security of the Eastern 
Country is certainly an Object which should claim our Atten- 
tion. — I know the Court thought it so, and had they not 
believed that those Troops might be retained, they would 
probably have made other provision, I hope Congress has been 
addressed on the Subject, for it is peculiarly hard for our 
State to guard its extensive Sea Coast, part of which is now 
in the possession of the Enemy, without the Aid of the Con- 
tinent. — I have written to our Members in Congress on 
this Matter, supposing that the State would address Congress 
and request their Assistance. Can not men be sent Easterly 
before the Court meet again ? Tf I wish I had a little News 
to send you — I have none which I dare warrant as authentic. 
Gen' Washington was received here with every Mark of Re- 
spect & Joy. ^ The Militia are coming in, and will most of 
them be stationed near the North End of the Island. 1 1 
have the Honor to be. Dear Sir, with the highest respect and 
Esteem, Your Excellency's most obedient and most humble 
Servant [not signed] 

His Excellency Governor Hancock Esq. 

Resolve in re Fitting Out Ships For Defence. 

The Committee of both Houses on the Letter from the 
Commander of the French fleet at Rhode Island with his 
Excellencies Message accompanying the same, with respect 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 179 

to sending the Ship Mars in cooperation with one of his most 
Christian Majesties Frigates, on an expedition to the eastern 
parts of this Commonwealth- — have attended that business 
and beg leave to report by way of Resolve — 

Jedidiah Preble pr order 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate March r"" 1781 
Resolved that His Excellency the Governor with the advice 
of Conncill be requested ^ to take the ship Mars under their 
immediate care, and appoint some suitable person or persons 
to see that the said Ship be fixt ^ in as expedtious a manner 
as possible also to appoint any officer or Officers for s"^ Ship 
in case the Officers now belonging to said Ship Should decline 
that service — T[x\nd it is further resolved that the officers 
& Seamen who shall engage on board s^ Ship during s'' Serv- 
ice shall be on the same establishment as the Officers & Sea- 
men who have heretofore engaged on board the ^ Ships in the 
Service of this Commonwealth with the addition of ^ seven 
Dollars of the Bills of Credit of the N^ew Emission as a 
bounty to each Seaman who shall voluntarily enter board s^ 
Ship for s'' Service. TfAnd it is further Resolved that the 
Governor with the advice of Council be authorized to im- 
power the commander of s'' Ship (in case he cannot man his 
Ship in season on the aforesaid encouragement) to impress 
a sufficient number of men to go on board s^ Ship on s** ex- 
pedition ^ not exceeding six weeks from the time of s** Ships 
sailing — TfAnd it is further Resolved that the Commissary 
General be and he is hereby directed to furnish such pro- 
visions & Warlike Stores as the Governor with the advice of 
Councill may judge necessary for s** Ship during s** expedition 

Read & sent down 

Jer: Powell Presi''* 

And it is further Resolved that the Agent lalcly ap{)()intcd 
to fit out an armed Vessel as a Tender to the Ship Tartar be 



180 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

directed to fit out s"^ Vessel forthwith as a Tender to the 
French Frigate on the above mentioned Expedition — 
In the House of Representatives March 7^^ 1781 — 

Read & accepted witli the following amendments at A B 
C &D 

Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis Spk"" 

viz. Dele from A to B & insert to order the Agent for the 
naval department of this Commonwealth to fix the said Ship 
for Sea" At C insert ''armed" at D insert "to serve" 
In Senate March 9"' 1781 

Read & Concurred as taken into a new draught 
Sent down for Concurrence 

Jer. Powell Presi'^'^ 
In the House of Representatives March 9, 1781 
Read & concurred 

Caleb Davis Spf 
Approv*^ John Hancock 



Resolve in re Impressing Me7i For Service. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate March S'*- 1781 
Whereas it is expedient that the ship Mars Should be 
immediately fitted for the Sea, to act in cooperation with one 
of his Most Christian Majesties Frigates on an Expedition 
to the Eastern parts of this Common Welth Therefore Re- 
solved, that the officers & seamen who shall engage on Board 
s^ Ship during her Cruise Shall be on the same establishment 
as the officers & Seamen who have heretofore engaged on bord 
the Ships in the Service of this Common Welth with the addi- 
tion of Seven Dollars of the Bills of Credit of the 'New 
Emission, as Bounty to each Seaman who shall voluntarily 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 181 

enter on board s*^ Ship for s^ Service T[& it is further Re- 
solved that the Governor v^ith advice of Councill, be author- 
ised to impower the Commander of s*' Ship in Case he Cannot 
Man his Ship, in Season on the aforesaid incouragement, to 
impress a sufficient number of Seamen, to go on Board s*^ 
Ship to serve on s*^ expedition not exceeding Six Weeks from 
the Time of s'' Ships sailing 



Address of Governor Relative to Deficiency of Supplies. 

Gentlemen of the Senate & Gentlemen of the House of 
Representatives — 
It is my Wish at all times to carry into Execution the 
Resolves of the General Court with such dispatch as shall 
Effect the purposes Design'd and in Consequence of your 
Resolve of Feb^ 9"' was using every possible Means to furnish 
& forward the supplies Ordered for the Eastern Department, 
many of which are now ready, but notwithstanding every 
Exertion, there will be a Deficiency even in the Execution 
of that part of the Supplies. ^ The Resolves of the General 
Court of March Q^^ Include a Requisition for a Supply of 
Articles for the same Department more Extensive than the 
former whch if design'd as an Addition to the first, & to be 
Immediately furnish'd, will Certainly fail in the Execution. 
Not three hundred fire Arms are in the public Stores of this 
Commonwealth, I have sent to the Commissary of Military 
Stores to know what of the Articles Ordered, he can supply, 
he returns me for Answer he can only afford the Supply of 
Pow(l(fr, - The Moans j)r(»])()s'<l by the Jiesolve are not Ade- 
quate to the purchases of the Deficient Articles, I cannot 
therefore sign the Resolve without the further Interposition 
of the General Court, lest I should be made Accountable and 
Censurable, when wholly out of my power to carry the Re- 



182 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

solves into Execution, altho' much Dispos'd to Exert myself 
for the Welfare & safety of every part of the Commonwealth 
— I must request the General Court to give some Explana- 
tion of their Intentions as to the Immediate Supply of the 
Several Articles for the Eastern Department, and if the 
whole of the Warlike Stores Cannon &c: mentioned in two 
Eesolves of Feb'' 9"^ & March 6''' are to be procur'd, that 
further Means may be provided for the Obtaining them — 
The several Resolves respecting the Militia I will Endeavor 
to carry into Execution, but I must beg Leave to request the 
Attention of the General Court to that which respects the 
Continental Troops in the three Eastern Counties, & the 
Impropriety of my Interfering in Officering or Arranging 
those Troops — If the whole supply of provisions is to be 
made I shall be Obliged to send to M"" Baker for one hundred 
Barrels of the Pork, under this care, & appropriated for an- 
other purpose, the Disappointment to the Army & the Charge 
of Land & Water Transportation, I submit to the General 
Court 

Council Chamber March 9'*' 1781 

John Hancock 



Order Appointing Committee on Resolutions. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives March 10, 1781 
Ordered that M"" Hall M"" Wells & Major Lithgow with 
such as the Hon Senate shall appoint be a Committee to take 
into Consideration a Draught of sundry Resolutions relative 
to the Eastern Counties & his Excellency's Message in conse- 
quence thereof & to report thereon 

sent up for Concurrence 

Caleb Davis Spk' 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 183 

Resolve Relating to Militia of Frenchman's Bay. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts [ 

In the House of Representatives March 10-1781 
On a Letter to the Hon'''^ Speaker of this House from Mr. 
John Springer of a Settlement in the eastern part of this 
Commonwealth called Frenchman's Bay, representing their 
situation & dangerous Circumstances on account of the 
Enemy, & praying for some Direction & Relief in order to 
enable them still to preserve that part of the Country from 
the Enemy. 

*Resolved, that such of the Militia of the Settlement called 
Frenchman's Bay, as shall hold themselves in readiness to 
march at a minute's warning well armed & equipped to repel 
invading parties of the Enemy, & shall be inrolled for that 
purpose under the direction of Col" John Allan of Machias, 
shall be intitled to receive ten Shillings silver money p"" 
month, or an equivalent in Bills of Credit according to the 
current Exchange, as a Consideration & Inducement for hold- 
ing themselves thus in readiness. A until the further order 
of the Gen' Court — And it is further Resolved that Col. 
John Allen is directed to make a Return to this Court as 
soon as possible of the number of Militia in Frenchman's Bay 
armed & equipped as aforesaid B Said Militia to find their 
own provisions. Such part of s^ JMilitia to be imbodied un- 
der suitable Commanders from time to time as Occasion may 
retjuire, & as shall be directed by s^ CoP John Allan, whose 
Orders shall be produced as Vouchers for the actual Service 
of s** Militia. That part of s'^ Militia who shall be imbodied, 
shall be ill full pay & shall be intitled to receive forty shil- 
lings p"" month as above, while on actual Service; & shall be 
relieved or discharged in whole or in part from time to time 
as Occasion may require k, as shall be directed by the above 
s" Col° Allan. And the a' Col° Allan is hereby Ordered & 



184 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

impowered to take the direction of the Militia at French- 
man's Bay as above & to appoint suitable Commanders from 
time to time, & to furnish s"^ Militia with necessary Am- 
munitiom 

sent up for Concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speaker 

In Senate March 10"' 1Y81 

Read & ISTonconcurred Jer: Powell Presi*^* 



Resolve Impowering the Governor. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts Bay 

In the House of Representatives March 10''' 1781 
Whereas in the present critical situation of the three east- 
ern Counties of this Commonwealth it is necessary that extra- 
ordinary' powers should be vested in the Governor and Council 
in the recess of the General Court Therefore Resolved That 
the Governor be and he is hereby impowered & requested by 
and with the advice of Council to adopt such Measures dur- 
ing the recess of the General Court as he may deem necessary 
for the defence of the eastern parts of this Commonwealth 
A taking into Consideration the Resolution of the Gen' Court 
for retaining the Troops raised in those countys for the Con- 
tinental Army B; for which purpose it is further Resolved 
that the Governor be and he is hereby impowered with the 
advice of Council to draw out of the Treasury of this Com- 
monwealth a Sum not exceeding six Thousand Dollars of the 
New Emission part of the Sum of Twenty Thousand Dollars 
ordered to be borrowed by a Resolve of the second Instant, 
and that the Gov"" be Requested to give order that the Acco' 
of the Expenditure of the Money he may draw out of The 
Treasurer in Consequence of this Resolution C. 

sent up for Concurrence 

Caleb Davis Sp' 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 185 

In Senate March 10^'' 1781 

Read & Concurred with the Amendments at A to C : — 

sent down for Concurrence 

Jer: Powell Presi'' 

viz. at A dele from A to B. at C Insert, be laid before the 

General Court for Examination 

* In the House of Representatives March 10. 1781 

Read & concurred 

Caleb Davis Speaker 
Approv'd John Hancock 



Advice of the Council to the Governor. 

Commonwealth of Mass"^ 

In Council March 17*'' 1781 

The Council having taken the Resolve of the General 

Court of the 9"" of Feb^ last for the Defence of the Eastern 

parts of this Commonwealth under Consideration As also the 

Powers vested in the Governor and Council for this purpose 

— ^Advice — That his Excellency order a Detachment from 
the Militia of the Counties of Cumberland and Lincoln of 
one hundred & fifty Men; one hundred of which to be 
stationed at Falmouth for the defence thereof, to be paid for 
their Service as the General Court shall hereafter order and 
to do Duty for three Months, if not sooner discharged — 
That a Sergeants Guard be established at the Mouth of the 
Kennebeck River — That a Sergeants Guard be placed at 
Towns End in the County of Lincoln — That a Sergeants 
Guard ]>(-. [)laccd at Frciicli Mans Hay — That half the Num- 
ber of Arms and the whole of the Ammunition mentioned in 
the said Resolve of the 9^'' of Feb'' last should be sent down 
to Falmouth for the use of the Men ordered to do duty there 

— That a Subalterns Guard bo placed at S' Georges — That 



186 DOCUMENTRAY HISTORY 

Provisions for Subsistance of the Troops stationed at Fal- 
mouth be sent there in such quantities as his Excellency 
shall think proper — And that his Excellency be requested to 
'^omply with the Resolution of Congress passed the 15 of 
x'^eb^ 1781 to compleat the Company of Artillery at the Post 
of Machias to a IST umber of Sixty five Men including officers 
for the further Security and Defence thereof to be under 
the Command of Col° John Allen. 

Attest John Avery Sec'' 



J . Allan to the Governor. 

Machias March 17*^ 1781 
Sir 

My Last which I had The Hono"" of Writing your Excel- 
lency was of The 26 Jan^ I then Acquainted you of the 
Situation of The Department to that Day — and of my In- 
tention of Going to Frenchmans Bay in Consiquence of The 
Inteligence I had Received from That Place — It was the 
8'^ of February before I coud get ready when I sett of in 
Company with Col° Foster Also Col° Campbell on Our Way 
— On Our Arrival There found Much Disturbance, respect- 
ing some Persons being at Bagaduce, I accordingly in a Mili- 
tary Capacity Siezed two Men, and had an Examination in 
presence of The Committee who are all Men of Virtue & 
Zealous for their Countrys Good The deplorable situation 
of the Inhabitants, and the fear of Agravating The Enemy, 
Made it precarious how to Act for the Safety of The people, 
I consulted with The Committee and finialy on their Appli- 
cation to be Responsable for the Prisoners future good Con- 
duct, Delivered Them up to The Town, who took necessary 
steps for Securing Them — This was the Only Step I could 
Do, even at The Best. Tho not known to Others, as the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 187 

Indigent State of This Post rendered it Imposible for me to 
secure such people T[ There was a Meeting of The v/hole 
Town but four or five Absent. Those present Voted Unani- 
mously to do their Utmost to Oppose the Enemy if they Came 
there. I promised Them every Assistance in my power 
depending That I shoud soon be able By Assistance from the 
Westward Matters appeared Settled & Agreeable for the 
present, I returned to Machias — But on the 24th the British 
Ship The Allegence of 18 Guns from Baggauduce Arrived 
There, Landed a party of Men, about Two in the Morning, at 
a Village called New Bristol & with The Most Wanton & 
cruel Agravations, Burnt M"" Beans & Capt° Sulivans Houses. 
Takeing the Latter Prisoner — The former was the house I 
put up at — The Man & Women in an Advanced Age of 
Life The Latter Infirm, Both of them often Threaten'd to be 
Laid in the Pile- — not Permited to have Sufficient Cloths to 
secure them from the Inclemency of The Weather — Thus 
a Famely in The Most Afiluent circumstances in a New 
Country Rendered Miserable by Those Bloody Wretches — 
I shall not Trouble Your Excellency with more perticulars 
of this — Your Own Principles of Humanity will point out 
their Calamitious Setuation — If The 27*^^ I Received the 
Express, it Seem'd to strike a panic thro the Country, nor 
was it in my power to give any Assistance, any further than 
by promises to Encourage them to perseverence — Several 
proposed Makeing Retaliation on the Torys — which I dis- 
countinenced for The Present, Only to stand upon The de- 
fencive — The Ship Committed several other Depredations 
plundred several People & Threatned Ruin to every One, 
who Any way Opposed their Taking of Lund)er — ^Lieu' 
Col° Campbell Musterd what Militia he could Raise — But 
the Scarcity of every Necessary rendred it Ini})osiblo to Con- 
tinue any Time, at Present all still Jjut Expect every Hour 
to Hear British Vessells Takeing Lumber — ^ About Three 



188 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

weeks Ago a Sloop Arm'd, Arrived at Gouldsborough with 
Falmouth papers on Board, and aforged Passport from The 
Commanding Officer for Boards She was Loaded & the 
Money paid, Has since, I understand, been Taken by An 
American Privateer — T[ There is much Confusion now in 
the Country in Respect of Nutrality some Late Advices Brot 
from Boston That it woud be Comply'd with if Requested, 
Has sett some Districts much upon The wavering Hand — 
1 did not put much Dependence for some time, but Lieu* 
Col° Campbell Informs me: that by the Influence & per- 
suasion of some, most of the people will fall in with it not 
Knowing the Xature and Meaning of Such a State — Nor 
Conceiving the Consequence shoud it be permited) I pre- 
sume some thing will be Mention'd at the Head of Govern- 
ment Respecting this where I doupt not Suitable Steps 
will be taken as best for the Public Utility — ^It Ap- 
pears Certain That the Self Interested & Torys thro the 
Country are Detirmind to Grasp at every Straw reather 
then Give up the Conection with The Britons, if they 
fail endeavour to Bring Others into Disgrace with Them- 
selves — or be supposed to be Friendly. — Last week A 
Brittish Ten Gun Schooner came to Managuagus & took 
a Schooner which Col" Jones & Some Others came from 
Boston in. And Carryed her to Bagauduce, where I under- 
stand He and Some Others have since Gone to Endeavour 
to Get her Back — It is Surprizing that this Vessell shoud 
be taken Only, when there was Another belonging to 
Capt° Walice of the Militia — who has — upon all Occa- 
tions been Active & forward in Defending the Country & a 
Man of Property — The Other a Pirmitt from Mowet — 
This is the way they have Managed for Sometime and Under 
a Cloak of Being Distressed, has Kept the Country in Con- 
fusion & Trouble to cary on their own Intrigues — ^ Since 
my last to Your Excellency several Indian Famelys have 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 189 

Arrived at Passamaquody from S' Johns — On my Return 
from Frenchmans bay, Despatched of The Priest & Lieut 
Delesdemier to Celebrate Lent who Returnd in Eight days 
— They found every thing Agreeable & friendly only the 
want of Provisions — I have furnished them with Consider- 
able Ammunition — They Rely upon Something which Keeps 
up their Sperits^ — And Your Excellency may rest assured 
by the Last of April a very Considerable Body will be Ready 
for Any Matter they may be Commanded to do — |Your 
Excellency woud see by my Last the State of the whole De- 
partment, as I have Received no Assistance since, It may be 
easily Conjectured, what our present Setuation is But it 
may be Depended upon, that every Exertion in my power 
shall be Used to secure The Country & the Interests of the 
Indians — ^ I have the Honor to be with the Most Profound 
Respect — 

Your Excellencys Most Obedient Humb' Servant — 

J. Allan 
His Excellency John Hancock Esq 



Memorial of George Stillman. 

To his Excellency John Hancock Esq. Governor, & the 
Hon'''® Councill of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts — 

Boston April 6^'' 1781 
The Memorial of George Stillman Humbly Shcwcth that 
By Resolve of the Hon"'® General Court of the fifteenth of 
November last the Board of War were ordered to Furnish 
Capt" Smith Commissary at ]\rachias with Sundry Provisions 
for fho purpose of Replaceing Ihosc Borrowed By him and 
Col" Allan agreeable to the Returns herewith presented the 
publick Stores being then so nearly cxaustcd as not to inable 
them to Furnish but two Barrils of Pork and two Barrills of 



190 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Beef the Eemainder is still due, & your Memorialist having 
lent Large Quantities of it to the publick by which he Now 
Suffers for want of it to supply the Indians as he has an 
appointment solely for that purpose your petitioner humbly 
pray your excellency & Honors in your Wisdom to Direct 
that the said provisions may be replaced and your Petitioner 
as in Duty Bound will ever pray George Stillman 



Petition of Isaac Washburn. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts \ To the Hon"'^ Senate and 
House Representatives. 
The Petition of Isaac Washburn humbly Sheweth Your 
pertitioner would beg leave to Represent to your Hon'' that 
after the Capture Brig'' Gen' Wadsworth, your Petitioner took 
Command of Gard. of Twenty Men Statined at Cambden and 
S' Georges dureing their Service of Thirty Days, and your 
Petitiner thirty three Days, which time each & every of s^ 
Gard found their own Provision, wherefore your Petitioner 
prays that, said Company may have thier Rations allowed 
them, and your Petitioner, Reimbursed what money he ad- 
vanced in Collecting said provision, and your pertitioner as 

in Duty bound shall ever pray &c. &c 

Isaac Washburn 

Thomaston April 7 1781 
Sir: 

As I have been Obliged to Leave thomaston great part of 

this winter I thought proper to Appoint Cap* Washburn to 

Keep up a Small guard in this place as there was a necessity 

that a guard Should be keep up after the Troops Left this 

Place I should take it as a faver if you would give him Some 

Assistance in Regard to his wagies for the Same I am Sir 

your Hum^' Ser* Major Wheaton 

[to] CoP Dawes 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 191 

Letter of Chairman Committee of Correspondence. 

Pleasant River April the 9^^781 
Gentlemen 

We Receiv'd your Friendly Letter of the SO"' of March 
Last, with a Copy of MT Shaws Letter, and a Copy of Repre- 
sentation to the Governor &c &c. — 

And we have vewed the Resolves of your March meeting and 
do look on it, that you acted Like Spirited, good, & Loyal, 
Honourable Subjects, to the States of America &c. Also we 
have Perused Francis Shaws Esq"" Letter and Look upon it 
as unorthodox selfish, but mistaken Policy. — 

Likewise we hav considered of the said Representation, 
and we do Look upon it with Disdain, & that it is an Atrocious 
Audacious Falce Piece — And we do heartily joine with you 
in Rejecting the said Letter & Representation & do scorn 
and Dispise a Xeutrality, & it is with Pleasure that we can 
Informe you (thats to our knowledge) that not one Person 
here has coveted to be Neutors at Present Neither do we De- 
sire to be so Sneeking as Leave our Friends at the Westerd 
to Peat the Bush & we to cathch the Hare. But we will 
Joine with you, heart & hand to defend the Rights & Liber- 
ties of America and its Independences to the Last. And we 
do Returne you hearty Thanks for your kind Letter & your 
opinion on the subject matter: & do wish Prosperity to 
American arms, & a speedy, honurable and happy, Peace — 
And we do v/ish you Evry Blessing By order of the Com- 

rniltcc of Correspondence &c 

Daniel Merit chairaian 

I* S V>v,{uYv, lli(! scaling of this, yours of the 9''^ Instant 

came to hand with a Packet To Colo" Campbell which we 

sent off by my son Direct 

Daniel Merit 



192 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

Petition of Nicholas Crosby. 

His Excellency Jn° Hancock Esq"" 

To his Excellency the Governor »& the Honourable Council 
of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

The Petition of Nicholas Crosby Humbly Sheweth That 
before the enemy took possession of Penobscot he was an 
inhabitant there; owning a farm Considerably brought to & 
well Stoked : but upon that events taking place rather than 
Submit to the British government & from a firm attachment 
to the Cause of his Country he left all his interest there k 
Came to Salem : by which means his Circumstances are much 
straitened; he therefore Prays your Excellency & Honours 
would grant him a Permit to go to Penobscot to take some 
Care of his interest there & to bring off Such of his effects 
as he can in a row boat — which he perposes to go up that 
river in — lyour Petitioner also prays he may have per- 
mission at the Same time to Carry sum Necessaries to his 
fathers family there which they Stand in great Need of and 
your Petitioner as in duty bound Shall ever Pray &c 

Nicholas Crosby 
Salem April ye 9 — 1781 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Council April 12''> 1781 
Adviced that the Prayer of the Petitioner be so far granted 
That Nicholas Crosby be and hereby is permitted to go up 
Penobscot River for the purpose of taking Care of his In- 
terest and to bring off such of his Effects as he can obtain 
and to return into this Commonwealth with the same in a 
Small Boat which the said Crosby hath procured for the 
purpose — 

Attest John Avery Sec^ 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 193 

Committee Town Machias to Governor. 

May it please your Excellency Duplicate. — 

We have by order of the town forwarded to your Excel- 
lency the papers relative to the Conduct of Francis Shaw & 
Nathan Jones of Gouldsborough & Capt William Nickells 
(Naval Officer) of Narroguagus ; how far they have corrupted 
the minds of the good people of these remote & distressed 
plantations, we cannot say, but beleve, very few except their 
dependents, will join in a request of such a ]\ralignant nature. 
The above Gen*^ seem to have free Ingress, Egress & Regress 
to Major Bag%vaduce which we apprehend to be of dangerous 
consequence both to the peace and safety of these detatched 
plantations ; the Enemy, at least, learn our poverty & weak- 
ness, and we gain no intelligence but what suits the base 
purposes of these men ; of course their baleful influence & 
misrepresentations powerfully tend to intimidate and disarm 
tlio Inhabitants & embolden our Enemies ; and Doubtless they 
have advised the removal of our leading men, as the only 
effectual measure in the declining power of these Minions of 
despotism, to reduce us under the power of Britain, the 
grand prerequisite to the full accomplishment of their lucra- 
live and anil)itious pur{)oses. Such a measure we are well 
informed is resolved on, and has in part already taken place. 
We therefore humljly pray that every assistance & support 
in the power of Government, may be speedily Granted us. 

By order of the Committee 
Machias April 11'" 1781 Stephen Smith Chairman 

Petition of JosiaJi Crocl'ett. 

To the Honourable the Senate and house of Representatives 

of the Commonwealth of IMassachusetts Humbly Sheweth 

Josiah Crockett of Deer Island in the County of Lincoln 

that on the failure of the expedition to Pcnobscott in the 

13 



194 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

year 1779, the inhabitants of Deer Island, especially those 
who had taken up arms with their brethren of this Common- 
wealth (among whom was yonr petitioner) were compelled 
by the British Commander at Majorbigwaduce to take the 
oath of Allegiance to the King of Great Britain, as the con- 
dition upon which alone they might peaceably enjoy their 
estates, with the assurance however that they should not be 
called upon to bear arms against those under the banners of 
America. That on the eighteenth day of April A D 1780 
General Wadsworth Commander of the American forces in 
the County of Lincoln, by his proclamation of that date, in 
tenderness and justice to the inhabitants of said Deer Island 
and other places adjacent to Majorbigwaduce, (whose critical 
and uncomfortable situation was not owing to their want of 
affection to, or zeal for, the Government of Massachusetts, 
but to a contingency of events needless to be mentioned) did 
order and direct the inhabitants aforesaid to consider them- 
selves as neutrals in regard of aiding or assisting either 
party; allowing them an intercourse with the subjects of this 
Commonwealth, and declaring that they should always have 
proper passes for their return home from the Commander at 
the American post: That on the 7*'' day of October 1779, 
the house of Representatives requested the Hon^'*' Council 
to direct the Commanding Officer of the County of Lincoln 
not to suifer small scouting parties to molest or disturb the 
inhabitants of Penobscott; By all which the spirits of the 
people have been supported under their sufferings, reflecting, 
that although a wise Providence has seen fit to exercise their 
patience by an ostensible submission to his Britannic Majesty, 
(which can only be considered as temporary, and during the 
present constraint they are under), yet the inhabitants of 
Deer Island could never doubt your Honours confidence in 
their hearty affection and zeal for the cause and interest of 
the United States as having never by any voluntary act for- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 195 

felted the protection of the laws and Government of this 
Commonwealth, Yet in addition to their distress as though it 
were not already sufficient, in total disregard of the feelings 
of humanity, prompted by avarice and a desire of plunder a 
certain Nathaniel Thomson of Falmouth in the County of 
Cumberland in a boat with fifteen men from said Falmouth 
on the sixth day of March last past landed at said Deer 
Island abused robbed and plundered some of the inhabitants 
thereof. They entered the house of your petitioner, struck 
and aluised his wife there being, broke in the window where 
a child was laying then dangerously sick and thereby greatly 
hazarded its life; — They took and carried away from your 
petitioners store rum tobacco tSrc and meeting your petitioner 
as they left his house as he returned from his neighbours 
they insulted and abused him; took from him eleven gallons 
of molasses he then had with him, and forced him on board 
their boat, where they detained him a considerable time. 
They also entered the house of M"" Richard Crockett your 
petitioners father, being above 75 years of age, and with a 
loaded gun placed at his breast threatened to take away his 
life, they otherwise insulted him, and beat and wounded him 
so that he was unal)le to follow his business for the space of 
fourteen days. More insults and outrages were offered to 
others his neighbours by said Thompson and his men which 
'tis probable will be laid before your Honours. Your Peti- 
tioner as soon as conveniently he could repaired to Falmouth, 
to obtain satisfaction of the Cap* and crew of the boat afore- 
said; but received only abuse and insult, yea two of the crow 
and they the most guilty swore that if he prosecuted them 
they would burn and destroy all the interest and estate he 
liii'l on Deer Island. Your petitioner therefore, reposing 
tli(; highest confidence in the wisdom, justice, liberality and 
goodiioKs of this Commonwealth, looks up to your Honours 
as the avengers of injuries done to the subjects thereof, and 



196 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

begs his case may be taken into your wise consideration, and 
such order taken thereon as may be for the security of the 
subject from such injuries in future, and that the per- 
petrators of the injuries and inormities set forth in this 
petition may be punished. And as your petitioner is em- 
ployed by many of his neighbours on Deer Island to purchase 
corn for their necessary support, he prays a permit may be 
granted him to transport the same without danger of being 
taken by the Privateers, or robbed and plundered by parties 
of men from boats or hindered and delayed unecessarily in 
ports & harbours as has heretofore been his case, And your 
Petitioner as in duty bound shall ever pray 

Josiah Crockett 
Falmouth 11 '%f April 1781 

In Senate April lO'*" 1781 

Read & thereupon Ordered that Increase Sumner and 
Jonathan Greenleaf Esq""^ with such as the Honorable House 
shall join be a Committee to take this Petition into Consider- 
ation and make report what may be proper to be done thereon. 

Sent down for Concurrence 

Jer: Powell Presi"*' 

In the House of Kepresentatives April 23*^ 1781 

Read & concurred & Gen. Titcomb CoP Coffin & M"" Leggate 

are joined 

Caleb Davis 



Petition of Andrew Reed. 

To the Hon"'" the Senate & the Hon*"* the house of Repre- 
sentatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in 
General Court assembled 
The Petition of Andrew Reed of Boothbay Humbly 
Sheweth That when the expedition against the enemies of 
America at Penobscut, was undertaken under the Command 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 197 

of the Hon. Brigadier General Lovell in the year 1779 ; 
3'our Petitioner readily engaged in the service with his per- 
son, his sons, and all the property he had that was capable 
of any employment in it. 

That General Lovell did on the 22*^ of July take into the 
transport Service the Sloop Towmsend the property of your 
Petitioner, & held her in the business of an hospital-ship 
until he retreated from the place, at which time your Peti- 
tioner was commanded to quit her, & she with the rest of the 
fleet was lost. 

That this loss was ruinous in its consequences to your 
Petitioner as it was the chief part of his estate from which 
he could derive any present advantage; & when deprived of 
it he found himself cut off from the usual & indeed from the 
only means he knew of providing for the Subsistence of a 
numerous & helpless family & himself & his sons turned out 
of business — the only business by which they earned their 
bread. 

That under this disadvantage he was forced to submit to 
another arising out of the same source : — his uniform exer- 
tions of his utmost abilities from first to last in the cause 
of his Country had made him obnoxious to its enemies; in 
so much that he was noted by them as the butt of peculiar 
vengeance; to escape their hands he was obliged to abandon 
his settlement on the coast & retire with his family into the 
wilderness, in circumstances peculiarly distressing. 

That it was no small addition to his distresses that the said 
Sloop had never been paid for ; your Petitioner had indeed 
repeatedly tendred the payment to the former owner, at the 
time when it came due, which was in tlie fall of the year 
1777, three months after tlie })urchase had been made; but 
that Gentleman respecting the public credit, ever refused to 
receive payment, until the late act of the legislature for better 
establishing the currency. And now under the shelter of that 



198 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

act he has sued your Petitioner for the debt in hard money, 
& the case is depending before the Inferior Court at Pownal- 
boro' next June: & if execution issues at that time against 
your Petitioner, agreeable to the demand of the Plaintiff, 
your Petitioner & his family must be involved in infallible 
ruin. 

That your Petitioner has repeatedly made humble repre- 
sentations of his Case to the General Court in hopes of 
receiving some satisfaction for his loss in the Sloop afore- 
said; but without success; — the extremity of his distress 
alone constrains him to address the legislature once more on 
that Subject: 

Your Petitioner therefore earnestly entreats Your Honors 

to take his case into consideration, & to order him some just 

compensation for the loss he has sustained, or grant him 

such other relief as to your Honors in your wisdom & Justice 

shall appear to be righteous & meet : & your Petitioner as in 

duty bound shall ever pray 

And^ Keed 
Boothbay 12''' of April 1781 



Affidavit of Nathaniel Thomas. 

Cumberland Ss. 

I IsTathaniel Thomas of Deer Island in the County of 
Lincoln House Carpenter of Lawfull Age Do Testify and 
Declare That I was at the House of Richard Crocket of Said 
Deer Island Joiner on the Sixth Day of March last past. 
And about Sunrise of Said Sixth of March there Enterd the 
house of the said Richard Three Armed Men Viz Beniah 
Low, Kemp and Daniel Marston who were part of a Boat 
Crew Conmaanded by Nathaniel Thompson of Falmouth in 
the County Cumberland M"" Crocket Attempting to go out 
of his Door — said Kemp Low and Tobey Struck him several 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 199 

Violent Blows with the Butts cf thier Guns and one of them 
Viz Marston presented the Muzzle of his Gun (the Gun being 
Cocked) at the said Crocket — the others Continuing to 
beat and Wound the said Crocket Tearing his Clothes and 
Abusing his person. Rumageing his House and taking 
from thince a Gun and Bullet Bag which thay Carried away 
with them When M"" Crocket Cried Murder and for help 
— they said ''Dam him Kill him" and Dam you — speaking 
to the said Crocket "We mean to Kill You" — in Consi- 
quence of all which Abuse and 111 Usage the said Crocket was 
Confined to his house For above a Fortnight — The said 
Richard Crocket is above Seventy Three Years of Age 

l^atha" Thomas 
Cumberland Ss Falmouth April IS''' 1781 

The above-named Nathaniel Thomas, made Solemn Oath 
to the Truth of the above Deposition by him Sign'd — taken 
in perpetuam rei memoriam 

Coram Enoch Freeman Sam' Freeman [ 

Justices of the Peace quorum unus 



Petition of Mary Campbell. 

To his Excellency the Governor ; the Honourable the Senate, 

and house of Representatives of the Commonwealth of 

^Massachusetts. 

The petition of Mary Campbell wife of John Campbell of 

Deer Island, in the County of Lincoln, in behalf of said 

John and herself, humbly sheweth. That on the eighteenth 

day of April A D 1780. General Wadsworth Commander of 

the American troops in the County of Lincoln by his 

proclamation of that date, in tenderness to the feelings of 

the inhabitants of said Doer Island and other places in the 

vicinity of Majorbigwaducc ; (whose critical and uncomfort- 



200 DOCUME^^TARY HISTORY 

able situation was not owing to want of affection to, or zeal 
for, the Government of Massachusetts but must altogether be 
imputed to the contingency of unhappy events needless to be 
enumerated) did order and direct the inhabitants aforesaid to 
hold themselves as neutrals in regard of aiding or assisting 
either party, allowing them an intercourse with the other 
subjects of this Commonwealth, and declaring that they should 
always have proper passes for their return home, from the 
Commander at the American post. That on the seventh day 
of October 1779 the house of Representatives requested the 
Honourable Council to direct the Commander of the (then) 
State troops not to suffer any scouting parties to molest or 
disturb the inhabitants round about Penobscott. By all 
which the Spirits of the people there have been greatly sup- 
ported under the heaviest trials, reflecting that altho a wise 
Providence has seen fit to exercise their patience by an osten- 
sible submission to his Brittanic Majesty (which can only 
be considered as temporary and during the present force they 
are under) yet the inhabitants of Deer Island could never 
doubt your Honours confidence in their hearty affection and 
zeal for the cause and interest of the United States, having 
never forfeited by any voluntary act, the protection of the 
laws and Government of this Commonwealth. Yet never- 
theless, in addition to their distress as though it were not 
already sufficient — in total disregard of the feelings of 
humanity — from a motive of avarice which grasps at 
everything justifiable or even colorable by law. iSTathaniel 
Thompson of Falmouth in the County of Cumberland Com- 
mander of a whale boat called the Roebuck with fifteen men 
armed did, on the fifth day of March last past without colour 
of any commission for so doing break the house of the said 
John Campbell of said Deer Island, and one holding a pistol 
at his breast threatning him with instant death if he moved 
some of the others robbed him of his watch and fifteen hard 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 201 

dollars, and took and carried away a trunlv containing the 
most valuable of your petitioners wearing apparel, table and 
baby linen (not even excepting clouts) &c according to 
schedule exhibited herewith amounting in the whole to one 
hundred and nineteen pounds original value; but of much 
greater estimation in the eyes of your petitioner as the great- 
est part of the womens apparel was either the bounty of or 
descended from the ancestors of your petitioner. Add to 
this that they came not to the knowledge of your petitioner's 
being possessed of those several articles (which were shewn 
them by your petitioner as her own) but by their being out 
of provisions, and liberally treated with the best the house 
afforded the day before. Your petitioner as soon as she 
could with convenience repaired to Falmouth to owners and 
crew for satisfaction of these injuries; and is happy to find 
the owners and one of the crew willing to redeliver your 
petitioner such of the booty as is in their possession, which 
however does not amount to one half of the articles in the 
schedule mentioned, but the rest refuse to deliver them 
presuming that the inhabitants of Deer Island are in lav/ 
enemies; that plunder from them of whatsoever nature is 
justifiable, — and that the Government of this Commonwealth 
would support them in it, altho' the husband of your peti- 
tioner has inviolably maintained a friendly conduct towards 
this Country as far forth as his situation would admit, and 
although as your petitioner is made to understand the Gov- 
ernment of this Commonwealth on application for that pur- 
pose stedfastly refused to grant permission to the Whale boat 
afore mentioned to cruize against the enemies of the United 
States, lest as your petitioner presumes, such enormities 
might be committed perhaps on the steddicst friends to the 
American States, or if not tliat it would be dishonourable to 
free and independent States to pursue such a mode of war, 
where the advantage, accruing to the Commonwealth in a 



202 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

view of interest bears no comparison with domestic distress, 
and the greatest injury is perhaps done to women and chil- 
dren. Your petitioner therefore reposing the highest con- 
fidence in the v^^isdom, justice, liberality and goodness of this 
Commonwealth, looks up to your Excellency and honours as 
the avengers of injuries done not merely to your subjects 
but to her sex as she is thereby the greatest sufferer, and 
prays your Excellency and Honours to afford her such relief 
or express such disapprobation of this conduct as shall seem 
meet, whereby your petitioner may receive compensation for 
her sufferings adequate to the injury, and such enormities 
prevented for the future. And if your Excellency and 
honours should determine that inhabitants of Deer Island 
are so far the subjects of this Commonwealth as to be entitled 
to the privileges of its laws then Your petitioners propose by 
the advice of Counsel to institute a civil action in the Court 
of Common Pleas next to be holden at Pownalborough in the 
County of Lincoln, and prays your Honours to grant a safe 
protection for themselves and witnesses to appear at said 
Court, and that some person may be impowered at said Deer 
Island to take depositions in the case. And as in duty bound 

shall ever pray. 

Mary Campbell 

Falm° April 14'^^ 1781 

A true inventory of sundry goods of which I was robbed 
on the night of the 5^^ of this instant March 1781, by a boat's 
crew commanded by Nath' Thompson as they say. 
One garden satten sack and skirt cont^ 18 yds @ 3 

dollars p yard £16.4 

One paduasoy gown cont^ 12 yds @ 3 dollars 10.16 

One white damask gown cont^ 10 y'ds @ 15/ p y'd 7.10 

One pattern of a petticoat India patch 4.4 

Cambrick Holland gown 5 y'ds @ 9/ p yd' £2.5 

One striped cotton gown 5 y'ds @ 5/ .15 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 203 

One purple white chince gown 5 y'ds @ 3/ .15 

One white damask skirt 8 y'ds @ 3/ 1.4 

One quilted silk petticoat 7.4 

One white garlic petticoat 4 y'ds @ 2/ 0.8 

One white diaper petticoat 3 y'ds @ 3/ .9 

One Cambrick apron 18/ 18 

One fine Holland apron 19/ 19 

One Cambrick Holland ditto 19/ 19 

One p"" double lawn ruffles 15/ 15 

One spotted lawn apron 9/ 9 

One lawn handkerchief 8/ 8 

One pair deep Cambrick ruffles 9/ 9 

One gauze handkerchief apron & ruffles 10 

One black gauze shade 10 

One broad cloth riding hood £6 6.0 

One white silk hat & shade 12 

One pair silk shoes 16/ 16 

One pair stays new 2.8 
One stone Xecklace, 2 ivory stick fans & 5 yards ribbon 1.16 

One Cap & 5 yards lace 6.4 

One pair English cotton gloves 3 

Two fine Holland aprons 1.16 

One red rattee j jackett new £2.10 

One black broad cloth coat 2.10 

One pair breeches 1.10 

One chintz waistcoat 12 

Two pair woosted hose 12 

One new Holland shirt 24/ 1.4 

One old ditto 10 

One muslin neckcloth 0.6 

3 y*"" % of superfine broadcloth @ 30/ 4.18 

Five yards London shatton @ 4/ 1.0 

One pattern nankeen 1 

One pair Dutch Holland sheet 2.8 



204 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



One pair pillow cases 

One Damask Table cloth 

One handkerchief and one towell 

Two damask napkins 

Baby Linnen as follows viz 
Nine shirts 5 of them laced 

Five bibbs one of them laced 

Fifteen caps 7 of them laced 

One Lutestring 1 dimity & 1 flanel blankets 

One Brocade baby pincushion 

Brought over 
Three clouts 1 damask waistcoat \ 
Three pair sleeves one swaith j 
One Turkey counterpain 
One yard drab cloth 
Six & half doz metal spoons 
One new adze, some small tools & tacks 
One spy glass & Mariners compass 
One silver watch 
Cash 15 dollars (silver) 
One gun 5w shott and 1 horn of powder 
A chest 3 or 4 yards English duck 
One muslin hood and 2 oz fine thread \ 
One lutestring stomacher j 

Two quarts rum 



.6 
2.0 

0.9 
0.10 



£94.1 

5 
£99.1 



99.1 

5 
10 

£ 12 
2.0 
1.0 
1.4 
7. 

4.10 
3.0 
1.10 

12 



£119.13 
John Campbell 
A True Copy Attest Mary Campbell 

Goods returned viz 

White Holland gown & pair of stays by Cap* M*Lallen 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 205 

White damask gown, Muslin cap 4% yds of canvas returned 
by Dole 

]Sr B. There are some Articles omitted which were not 
recollected at the time M"" Campbell made out the foregoing- 
Inventory 

M Campbell 



Petition Nath^ Silsbee. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives April 1&^ 1781 

On the Petition of Xath' Silsbee in behalf of himself & 
others Oners of the Ship Hunter, lost on the Penobscot ex- 
pedition, praying they may be reimbursed for the same for 
reasons set forth in their Petition — 

Resolved that the Oners of s'' Ship Hunter be & they here- 
by are directed, to settle their acco*^ with the late Board of 
War; & ascertain the exact ballance now due to them for s'^ 
Ship &c, and it is further Resolved that the Governor with 
the advice of Council, bo & he is hereby requested to grant 
a warrant on the Treasurer for the Whole of S** Ballance so 
adjusted, on condition, that the Oners of s"* ship will Loan 
to Government five Sixths of the amount of s*^ warrant, agre- 
able to the Supply Bill for Borrowing £800000, passed this 
Session, the remaining one Sixth to be paid in Specie, or 
Bills of Credit equivalent thereto — 

Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speaker 

In Senate May IT"' 1781 

Read & Concurred 

Jer: Powell Presi"' 

Approv'd John Hancock 



206 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

Order to Committee to Deliver Message to Governor. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

in the House of Representatives April IT^ 1781 

Ordered that Major Lithgow and M"" Henshaw with such 
as the Honourable Senate shall appoint be a Committee to 
wait on his Excellency the Governor with the following 
Message. ^ May it please your Excellency, 

The General Court request to be informed what Measures 
have been adopted during the Recess, by your Excellency, 
for the protection of the Eastern parts of this Commonwealth 
— ^ Also whether any Answer has been received from his 
Excellency General Washington, to Your Excellency's Letter, 
respecting the detention of the Troops raised in the three 
Eastern Counties for the purpose of reinforcing the Con- 
tinental Army ^ 

Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speaker 
In Senate April IT**' 1781 

Read & Concurred \ 

w**^ the Amendment at A to B j & John Pitts Esq"" is joined 

Sent down for Concurrence 

Jere Powell Presi*** 
viz, dele from A to B 

In the House of Representatives April 17*^ 1781 

Read & concurred 

Caleb Davis Speaker 

Resolve Placing Troops TJyider General Lincoln. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives. April 17''' 1781 
Whereas by a Resolution of the General Court of the 9th 
day of February last the Troops ordered to be raised in the 
three eastern Counties of this Commonwealth as their quota of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 207 

the Continental Armv according to a Resolve of the 2** of 

december last, were retained in the said Coimties untill the 

Pleasure of his Excellency General Washington respecting 

their future destination should he known ; whereas it appears 

that General Washington is of Opinion that s** the public 

service requires that the s"^ Troops be immediately forwarded 

to the Grand Army therefore — 

Eesolv'd that the s^ Resolve of the 9'^ of Feb^ last so far as 

it respects the detention of s^ Troops in the said Counties or 

either of them be and it is hereby repealed, and that the s'' 

Troops in future be subject to the Order of the hon*''® Major 

General Lincoln's. 

Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speak"" 

In Senate April IT"' 1781 — 
Read & Concurred 

Jer : Powell Presi''' 
Approv'd John Hancock 



Resolve in Favor of George Bacori. 

Commonwealth of Massachusets 

111 I he House of Representatives Apriel the 17: 1781 

On th(! representation of Joliii Lucas Comnuisary of peti- 
tioners in behalf of George Bacon a merean on bord the Con- 
tinental Ship Warren was wouded in his arms at pcnobscut 
in July 1770 as appears by his Certificate. 

Resolved that George Bacon is iiilitlcd lo one Ihurd of his 
pay to Commence from his discharge which was the four- 
teenth of August 1779 

Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis Sp*" 



208 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

In Senate April Id'"" 1T81 

Read & Concurred Jer: Powell Presid' 

Approv'd John Hancock 

Boston :N'ovem' 4*'^ 1780 

This may Certify that George Bacon was a marean on 

hoard the Ship Warren at the Expedition at Penobscot Dudly 

Saiistout Commander and that the s*^ Bacon Recevd a Wound 

in his arm that has deprived him of the use of it 

Jo^ Bradford Surgeon in liavy 

Boston February the 7: 1781 

this may Sertify that George Bacon was a merean on bord 

of the Warren frigate in the Continental Servase and was 

wounded at the landing in his arm at bagaduse in July 1779 

Doc* Eliphelet Downer 

(Jovernor Hancock to the Senate & House of Representatives. 

Gentlemen of the Senate & Gentlemen of the House of Rep- 
resentatives — 
In Reply to your Message of yesterday, I am to inform 
you that the Provisions & Stores necessary for the Eastern 
Department are on board the Mars and the Galley, & they 
will sail in two Days, & the necessary orders for Guards are 
now Issuing. It was judg'd most Adviseable, for the Pub- 
lick Interest, to Suspend the Execution of these orders untill 
the present time, they will now be carried into immediate 
effect — John Hancock 

Council Cham'" April 18, 1781 

Order to Reimburse Stephen Smith. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

Council Chamber April 19, 1781 
Ordered — That Richard Devons Esq. Conunissary Gen- 
eral to deliver James Avery for Cap* Stephen Smith at 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 209 

Maehias the Deficiency of Provisions borrowed for the Use 
of the Troops & Indians under the Command of Col" John 
Allen as p"" return agreeable to a Resolve of the General 
Court of the 15^^ November last 

Attest John Avery Sec'y 

1780 Col" John Allen to the Board of War D' 

Decern 2 To 2 Barrels pork 440 ^ 

2 ditto Beef 480 •*• 

Delivered in part pay for Provisions he Borrow'd for me of 
the Troops & Indians, p"" order of Court 15**^ Novem. 



Resolve in Favor of ^Ym. Hubbard. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives April 20*'' 1781 

On the Representation of John Lucas Commissary of 
Pensioners in behalf of William Hubbard a Marine on board 
the Continental Ship Warren & who was wounded by a 
musket ball through the knee the 29"^ of July 1779 at 
Majorbagaduce by which wound he has lost the use of his 
leg as appears by his Certificate 

Resolved tliat tlie said William Hubbard is iutitled to half 
pay as a Marine to commence from the 2'' of Septem'"' 1779 
tlie time of his discharge — 

Sent up for concurrence 



Caleb Davis Speaker 



In Senate April 20"^ 1781 
Read & Concurred 

Jer: Powell Presi"* 
Approv'd John Hancock 

14 



210 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Certificates in Favor V/m. Hubbard. 

To the Hon'''^ Senate & House of Representatives 

John Lucas In behalf of W"^ Hubbard a Merene on board 
the Cont" Ship Warren, and who was Wounded by a Musket 
ball through the Knee the 29"" of July 1779 at Majorbigway- 
duce by w'' wound he lost the use of his right leg — all of 
w'''' Appears by Coppeys of his Certificates the origenal being 
lost, or mislay"* 

John Lucas Com^"^^ of Pensioners 
Pension Office at Boston 20"^ Ap' 1781 

Navey Board East" Department 

Boston S*'^ of May 1780 

This Certifies that W"^ Hubbard was a merean on board 

the Ship Warren, on the Expidtion to Penobscot, as Appears 

by the Ships pay role, returned unto this Office, and the 

Navey Board are Informed that he there lost his Right leg 

or the Cause of it — 

J Warren for the board 

These Certifie that W™ Hubbard a Marean on board the 

Ship Warring, & who was wound** Thr° the right Knee by 

w'''' he lost the Use of it 

Jos. Gardner Sergen 
Boston 9*'' May 1780 

Pension Office at Boston 20^'' Ap' 1781 

A Trew Coppey Jn° Lucas 



Order for Revision of Resolves for Defence Eastern Counties. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives April 20'** 1781 
Ordered that M^ Tracy, M"" Wells & Col" Thorndick with 
such as the hon. Senate shall join be a Committee to revise 
the Resolves for guarding & defending the Eastern Counties 



OF THE STATE OF ISIAINE 211 

— consider what further measures are proper to be taken for 

that purpose & report thereon 

Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speaker 
In Senate April 20*'' 1781 

Read & Concurred & Jedidiah Preble & Jon^ Greenleaf 
Esq" are joined on the part of the Senate 

Jer: Powell Presi*^* 



Resolve to Stay Proceeding Hodge vs. Reed. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the house of Representatives April 21^' 1781 

The Committee on the Petition of Andrew Reed of Booth- 
bay in the County of Lincoln beg leave to Report the follow- 
ing Resolve 

Whereas it appears to this Court that the Sloop Town- 
send the Property of Andrew Reed of Boothbay in the 
County of Lincoln was on the 22'' day of July in the Year 
of our Lord One Thousand seven hundred & seventy nine 
taken into the service of Government on the Expedition 
against Penobscut being undertaken and improved by Gen- 
eral Lovell as a hospital Ship and that she together with the 
rest of the Fleet was lost on the Retreat from before that 
place. That Henry Hodge of Pownalborough in the same 
County the former Owner of said Sloop, availing himself of 
the late Act for better regulating the Currency of a^ Com- 
monwealth has commenced his Action against the said 
Andrew & one Robert Reed who purchased her of him altho' 
they repeatedly tendered the Money which they agreed to 
pay him by their Note of hand for said sloop at the time 
when it became due, which Action is now pending at the 
Inferiour Court of Common Pleas to be holden at pownal- 
bor" within and for said County of Lincoln on the first 



212 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Tuesday of June next, by which means the said Andrew 
Reed & his family will probably be involved in ruinous Cir- 
cumstances, unless prevented by the equitable intervention 
of the Legislature, therefore 

Resolved that the Justices of the Inferiour Court of Com- 
mon Pleas in the County of Lincoln be and they are hereby 
directed to continue from Term to Term the Action of Henry 
Hodge of Pownalbor" in said County Yeoman against 
Andrew Reed of Boothbay in said County Esquire and 
Robert Reed of said Boothbay Mariner on their Note of 
hand dated the fourteenth day of Angus* 1777 payable in 
Nine Months after the date of said Note for the sum of One 
hundred & sixty pounds which was to be equal to five hun- 
dred & thirty three Spanish Milled Dollars and one third of 
a Dollar A untill the further Order of the General Court B. 
Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speak'' 

In Senate April 21^' 1781 
Read & non Concurred 

Jer: Powell Presi"^' 

In Senate April 21^* 1781 

Read again & the Senate Reconsider their Vote of Non 
concurrence & Concur with an Amendment at A to B 
Sent down for Concurrence 

Jer: Powell Presi*^' 

viz — dele, from A to B — and insert, ''to the Inferiour 
Court to be held in said County of Lincoln, the last Tuesday 
of Sepf next" — 

In the House of Representatives April 23, 1781 

Read & concurred 

Caleb Davis Spk"" 
Approv'd John Hancock 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 213 

Resolve in re Troops for Eastern Country. 

Commonwealth of ]\rassachusetts 

The Committee of both Houses on Eastern affairs beg leave 
to report the following Resolve 

Jedidiah Preble p order 

Whereas the depredations committed & daily committing 
on the Eastern parts of this Conmionwealth by the Enemy 
from Penobscut & Halifax evince the immediate Necessity of 
a military Establishment in the Eastern Counties adequate 
to the purposes of preventing detached parties of the Enemy 
from plundering their Frontiers with impunity — Wherefore 

Resolved that One hundred & sixty effective Men be im- 
mediately raised in the County of Lincoln by voluntary in- 
listment for the defence of the same, and stationed at such 
places and in such proportion within the said County to the 
Westward of Penobscut River as the Governor with the ad- 
vice of Councill may from time to time Order, provided al- 
ways and it is hereby further resolved that the Recruiting 
Officers appointed for this purpose shall have full Liberty to 
inlist Men part of the Xumber aforesaid in any such Towns 
in the Counties of York and Cumberland as may have pro 
cured their proportion of Continental Troops assessed upon 
them Respectively by a Resolution of the General Court of 
the 2*^ of Dec"" last. 

And it is further Resolved that Eighty Men be raised as 
aforesaid in the Counties of York and Cumberland and 
stationed at Falm" within the Limits of the latter, the whole 
of said Troops to be properly armed and equiped and to con- 
tinue in the vService of said Conunonwealth from the time 
of their respective engagements unlill the tirst day of Dec"" 
next unless sooner discharged; tlint they shall be mustered 
by the Muster ]\I aster in their respective Counties, that those 
Troops to be raised as aforesaid in the County of Lincoln 



214 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

shall be divided into 2 Companies, that those stationed at 
Falmouth compose one Company, the whole of said Com- 
panies to be on the continental Establishment in every Re- 
spect, save only that the Non Commissioned Officers and 
privates shall in addition to their Continental pay be intitled 
to Receive a further sum of Twenty shillings per Month for 
each Callender Month they shall respectively continue in 
Service as aforesaid ; which together with their Continental 
pay shall be paid in Gold and silver or an equivalent in Bills 
of Credit current within this Commonwealth; said Com- 
panies to be Officered by the Governor with the Advice of 
Council and commanded by such field Officer or Officers as 
the Governor with the advice of Council shall direct. That 
a Surgeon, Surgeons Mate Quarter Master & Adjutant Shall 
be appointed by the Governor with the advice of Council to 
be also on the Continental Establishment. 

And it is further Resolved that the said Troops during 
their Continuance in service as aforesaid shall be subject to 
march out of either of the said Counties into the Other as 
occasion may require at the discretion of the Commanding 
Officer. 

And it is further Resolved that the Agent for this Com- 
monwealth be & he is hereby empowered and directed to pro- 
cure either by hire or Purchase as he shall Judge best and 
fit for sea as speedily as possible Two armed Vessells to be 
employed within said Commonwealth as Guarda Coastas to 
be imder the Direction of the Governor & Councill neither 
of which Vessells to mount less than Ten nor more than four- 
teen four or six pounders — 

And it is further Resolved that the said Armed Vessells 
during this Continuance in service as aforesaid shall be on 
such Establishment as the General Court shall hereafter 
order 



OF THE STATE OF :NrAIXE 215 

And it is further Resolved that such of the Troops afore- 
said as shall he unahle to furnish themselves with Arms or 
Accoutrements shall have liherty to purchase them out the 
public Arms &c which were ordered to be procured & for- 
warded to the lower Counties by a Resolve of the General 
Court of the 9'*^ day of Feb^ last paying for each Arm with 
a Bayonet and Cartouch Box the sum of Fifty Shillings and 
For each Fire arm & Bayonet without a Cartouch Box the 
sum of Forty five shillings to be deducted out of their Wages 
respectively, and the Commanding Officer is hereby directed 
to take duplicate Receits for all Fire Arms &c that may be 
delivered to said Troops as aforesaid one of which to be 
lodged in the Secretary's Office prior to their pay Rolls being 
made up — provided jSTevertheless that Each Soldier who 
shall when he is Discharged turn his Fire Arm & Accoutre- 
ments to the Commanding officer in good order shall have no 
Deduction made from his wages therefor And it is further 
Resolved that the Militia who have done duty or are now 
doing duty in the County of Lincoln & Cumberland be on 
such Establishment as the General Court shall hereafter Order 

In Senate April 23'' 1781 
Read & Sent down 

Jer: Powell Presi*'* 

In the House of Representatives April 24^*" 1781 
Read & accepted 

sent up for concurrence 



In Senate April 24*'' 1781 
Read & Concurred 

Approv'd John Hancock 



Caleb Davis Speakr 



Jer: Powell Presi"' 



216 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petition 8carboro' Gridley. 

To the Honorable Senate and Hon'ble House of Representa- 
tives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General 
Court Assembled — 

The Petition of Scarboro' Gridley Humbly Shews By an 
Order of the former Council of this Commonwealth Your 
Petitioner was order'd to Falmouth, in the County of Cum- 
berland, as Engineer to erect such Fortifications as should 
be judg'd by General Wadsworth & himself to be necessary 
for the defence of the Eastern part of this State; 

Your Petitioner proceeded accordingly and continued on 
the business untill the Troops were dismiss'd that Service, 
he is sorry to say that they are still incompleat through the 
want of Materials, such as Timber, plank, piequets &c &c — 

Your Petitioner on this service incur'd an Expence of 
Board of 1800 £ for which he is still in arrears; As Your 
Petitioner has not received any pay for Eighteen Months 
past, nor depreciation, nor Cloathing, nor any other Emolu- 
ment that the Rest of the Ofiicers of this State receiv'd ; not- 
withstanding his having continued in the Service, from the 
first commencement of the War; which has utterly put it 
out of his power to discharge the sum mention'd ; Your Peti- 
tioner prays your Honors to grant him such supplys as in 
your Wisdom shall seem meet and your Petitioner as in duty 

bound shall ever pray 

Scarboro' : Gridley 

Boston Jan^ 29''" 1781 
In Senate Jan^ 29^'' 1780 
Read & sent down 

Jere Powell Presi^' 

In the House of Representatives Feb'' 5 : 1781 
Read & 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 217 

Resolve in Favor Scarboro' Gridley. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts \ 

In House of Kepresentatives April 23*^ 1781 

On the Petition of Scarboro' Gridley A Seting forth y' 
by Order of the Former Council he was ordred to Falmouth 
in the County of Cumberland as Engineer to Erect Fortifi- 
cations under the Directions of Gen' Wadsworth (the truth 
of which Appears by his Commission for that Purpose Dated 
May 10^'' 1780) That he incured an Expence of Board of 
Eighteen Hundred Pounds. That he has not Received any 
pay for Eighteen months Past nor depreciation nor Cloathing 
&c notwithstanding his having continued in the Service from 
the first commencement of the War, praying for supplies &c B. 

Resolved that there be paid out of the Public Treasurer 
of this Comon Wealth forty five Pounds new Emission equal 
to the s^ Sum of Eighteen Hundred Pounds mentioned in 
Said Petition he to be accountable for the same — And that 
his Excellency the Governor be desired to write to Gen' 
Washington Requesting him to give information what Rank 
& Standing Scarbor' : Gridley Esq"" has in the Continental 
Army. And from whence He is to Receive his Pay 
Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speaker 

In Senate April 25'" 

Read & Concurred with an Amendment at A to B 
viz dele, from A to B 

Jer: Powell Presi'' 
sent down for Concurrence 

In the House of Representatives April 25'*" 1781 
Read & concurred 

Caleb Davis Speaker 
Approv'd John Hancock 

warrant drawn 



218 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petition John Hathaway. 

To the Honourable the Senate And House of Representatives 
of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 
the petition of John Hathaway in The name and behalf of 
the Town of Freetown humbly Sheweth That the Town of 
I'reetown Did procure the most of the men laid On Said 
Town to Serve in the Continental Army for the Term of nine 
Month in the Year 1779 but by Reason of not making a 
proper Return of S** men the S** Town of Freetown was fined 
which fine Your petitioner prays may be Repaid to Said 
Town again So far as He Can make Evidently to Appear 
by the Sertificates herewith Exhibitted S'' Town did procure 
S** men or otherways Releive S** Town as you in your wisdom 
Shall See meat as your Petitioner In Duty bound Shall Ever 
pray 

John Hathway 
April 24^'' 1781 



Resolve in re Establishment at Machias. 

The Committee of both Houses on the Letter from Congress 
Respecting an Establishment at Machias & the Resolve there- 
of accompanying the same &c have attended that Service & 
beg leave to Report the following Resolve 

John Bliss P"" order 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In House of Representatives April 24'^'' 1781 
Resolved that the Governor & Council of this Common- 
wealth be & hereby are Requested in Compliance with the 
Resolve of Congress dated the 15"" day of February 1781 
to give the necessary Directions for compleating the Com- 
pany of Artillery at the Post of Machias to the Number 
mentioned in said Resolve 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 219 

And it is further Resolved that the Governor with the 

Advice of Council be & hereby is empowered to Order the 

Comissary General of this Commonwealth to furnish the 

Troops which are or hereafter may be Stationed at said Post 

in pursuance of said Resolve with such Supplies as from 

Time to time may be judged necessary & the Commissary 

General is hereby directed once in Six Months & oftener if 

required to lay his Accounts of all such Supplies before the 

General Court for Examination & Allowance & in Order that 

the same may be charged to the United States 

Read & sent down 

Jer. Powell Presi*^* 

In the House of Representatives April 25"" 1781 

Read & accepted 

Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speaker 
In Senate April 25^*" 1781 

Read & Concurred 

Jer: Powell Presi*^* 

Approv'd John Hancock 



Petition of Major Wheaton. 

To the Honourable Senate and House of Representatives of 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General Court 
Assembled — 
The Petition of Major Wheaton Commander of the fourth 
Reg' of Militia in the County of Lincoln — ^f Humbly 
Sheweth, that the Distresses of Said Regiment Dayly re- 
ceived from the Enemy requires him to Repeat his Request 
of your Honours for Immediate Relief, no longer ago than 
yesterday a party from Major Bagaduce, which Landed in 
Camden in the Night and made Prisoners of Seven In- 



220 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

habitants which were good friends to the State, and most of 
them heads of large Families, the Stores Belonging to the 
Publick which were left by the Troops, were either Carried 
off or Destroyed, together with the Barracks — at the Same 
time your Petitioner Humbly Beggs by the Desire of the 
Inhabitants, that your Honours would give them Immediate 
Belief, both with men and Provisions, otherwise we must 
fall an easy Prey to the Enemy, their being Neglected I 
impute to your having Business of Greater importance on 
hand, but I begg you would lay them under further Obliga- 
tions by affording them your earliest Assistance, which if 
granted will be greatfully Acknowledged by me who as in 

Duty Bound will ever Pray 

Major Wheaton 
Thomaston April 25'^^ 1781 

In the House of Representatives May 4"^ 1781 

Read & thereupon Ordered that this Letter be committed 

to the Committee on Col° Allen's Letter inclosed in a Letter 

from the Committee of Correspondence &c for the Town of 

Boston 

Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speaker 
In Senate May 4''' 1781 

Read & Concurred 

Jer: Powell Presi'^* 



Resolve Oranting Privilege of Transporting Corn. 

In Senate April 26 1781 
Whereas it has been represented to this Court that the In- 
habitants of a place called Deer Island A have had many 
outrages and Violences committed upon them by some of the 
Inhabitants of this Common**' And Whereas doubts may arise 
whether under the present Circumstances of said Inhabitants, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 221 

they have by Law a Right to prosecute to final Judgment and 
execution such persons, as have or may be Guilty of plunder- 
ing or in any Way or Manner Abusing, the said Inhabitants, 
for Removal of which It is Resolved that the Inhabitants of 
said Island have been, and now are considered in such a Sit- 
uation as that they ought to have and enjoy the same Pro- 
tection, Security, and Advantage from the laws of this 
Commonwealth, as the other Subjects thereof do, or may 
exercise & enjoy — 

B And Whereas application has been made to this Court 
by Josiah Crockett an Inhabitant of said Island for liberty 
to transport a small Quantity of Indian Corn for the Relief 
of the Suffering Inhabitants of said Island — 

Therefore Resolved that the said Josiah Crockett be, and 
he hereby is permitted, to purchase and transport to sd Is- 
land for the Use of sd Inhabitants to Fifty Bushels of Indian 
Corn & no more he giving Bond with good Sureties to the 
Naval Officer of the Port from whence said Corn shall be 
exported that the same shall be faithfully delivered and 
appropriated to the Use of s** Inhabitants — C 
In Senate April 26''* 1781 
Read & Accepted 

Sent down for Concurrence 

Jer: Powell Presi'^* 
In the House of Representatives April 27, 1781 
Read & concurred with an amendment at A. B. C 
Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speaker 
viz at A insert "in the (-ounty of Lincoln," Dele from B 
to C — 

In Senate April 27'" 1781 
Read & Concurred 

Jer: Powell T*rcsi''* 
Approv'd John Hancock 



222 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Resolve Relating to Prisoners. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives April 26, 1781 
Whereas Stephen Pembleton of Penobscott Sound, who 
last Summer murdered M"" Soal of Broad Bay ; & John Long, 
who last fall broke from Falm" Goal, where he was com- 
mitted by special Order from Council to take trial for 
traiterous Practices against this & the United States of 
America ; & Elisha Cheesbrook, who made his Escape last 
Summer from the Guard at Thomaston, where he was con- 
fined to take Trial for Treasonable practices against this & 
the United States of America; Also W" Parry, W" Gam- 
mon, James Fling, Joseph Millican, Jame Crocket, W'" 
Whitaker James Stewart, Inhabitants in & about Penobscott 
Sound, are now held as Prisoners lately taken on board an 
armed Sloop in the Enemy's service; & Whereas their Ex- 
change would be highly injurious to this & the United States 
of America, therefore Resolved that the Governor be & he 
hereby is requested to take measures that s** Pembleton, Long 
& Chessebrook be effectually secured for Tryal ; & that s** 
Parry, Gammon, Fling, Millican, Crockett, Whitaker, 
Stewart be effectually secured, & held unexchangable till the 
further order of the General Court 

Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis Spk"" 

In Senate April 26^^ 1781 
Read & Concurred 

Jer: Powell Presi"** 

In the House of Representatives April 26*" 1781 

The House having considered the Governors objections in 
his message of this day this Resolve, agreeable to the con- 
stitution — reconsider their vote hereon 

Caleb Davis Speaker 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 223 

Gentlemen of the Senate & Gentlemen of the Honse of 

Representatives 

Your Resolve of this Day Requesting me to take measures 

for effectually securing certain "persons therein named, 

points out a certain "Stephen Pembleton of Penobscot Sound 

who last Summer "murder'd M'" Soal of Broad Bay," if it 

was proper in all other Respects, it would be necessary that 

I should be furnish'd with the Evidence of his being the 

Murderer, before I give my Sanction to the Resolve, but it 

seems to be against the 25''' Article of the Bill of Rights in 

the Constitution of this Commonwealth, I cannot therefore 

consistently Sign the Resolve 

John Hancock 
Council Chamber 26 April 1781— 

In the House of Representatives April 26, 1781 

Resolved that the Hon**'^ Council be desired to send 
Orders to the Commanding Officer of the County of Lincoln, 
not to suffer small scouting Parties to molest or disturb the 
Inhabitants of Penobscott under their present distressed Cir- 
cumstances, 
True Extract from a Resolve passed Ocf 7'*' 1779 

Attest John Avery D Secy. 



Certificate in Favor Josiah Crockett. 

we the Subscribers inhabetance of Deer island Do hereby 
CcT\\ic that M"" Josiah (-rocket has lived on Said Island for 
a number of years past = and we farther Cortifie that wo 
liave never kiioweii liim to Say or Act aney thing against this 
Cuntry but on flic CV)ntreary his Conduct has been Such as 
Renders him a good neighbour and a X'allewiblc member of 
Sociaty = N : B the above is a Unanimous vote of Said in- 



224 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



habetance at a meeting Calld on the ocation of Said Crockets 

being Robed of Sundry goods on the 6 of this instant March 

by an armed boats Crew Commanded by Nath' Thompson 

as they Sead 

John Dow 
Deer island March 9*'' 1781 



Alig Haskall 
Stephen bnbbage 
James Sanders 
Timothy Sanders 
Ezekiel Morey 
Jonathan Eaton 
Thos Robbins 
Benjamin Cole 
Ignatius Haskell 
William Grenlaw 
William Stinson 



John Gressy Junor John Hooper 
Will™ Babbidge Chas Cressy 



John Howard 
Ezar Howard 
Mark Haskell 
l^athan Dow 
Francis Haskell 
Richerd Crocket 
George fales (?) 
Ezekiel Marshall 
John Pressey (?) 



Joseph Colby 
Thomas Sanders 
Lot Curtis 
Jonathan Torvey 
John Raynes 
Nathan Raynes 
Nathaniel Bray 
Cornelius Bramhall 
Thom Stinson 



Resolve Relating to Pay of Soldiers. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives 28 Apr : 1781 

Whereas there are in the Counties of York, Cumberland, 
& Lincoln a number of Officers & Soldiers, who have been 
called upon & done Duty in s*^ Counties ; but have received no 
pay for their Services ; & whereas pay for past Services will 
be highly conducive & may be necessary to facilitate raising 
the men already ordered to be raised by voluntary Inlistment 
for the defence of the eastern country; and whereas it may 
be most convenient to pay s^ men by Receits given on the 
Collectors in the Counties afores^ 

Therefore Resolved, that the Treasurer be, & he hereby is 
directed to give Receits on the Collectors in the Counties of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 225 

York, Cumberland & Lincoln in answer to the Warrants 
given on the pay Rolls made up for the Ojfieers & Soldiers 
aforesaid, in all Cases where he cannot conveniently advance 
the Money from the Treasury. 

Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speaker 
In Senate April 28'^ 1781 
Read & Concurred 

Jer: Powell Presi"' 
Approved John Hancock 



Memorial of Inhabitants of Machias. 

DUPLICATE. 

At a Meeting of the Inhabitants of Machias on the 29^'' 
of April 1781: and continued by adjournment to the lO'*" 
day of April 178 

May it please your Excellency 1[When the peace and 
safety of a State is disturbed by persons endeavouring to 
make innovations therein — when any particular person or 
Persons evince a disposition inimical to the Laws of their 
Country; and in time of "War, are using their utmost en- 
deavours to open a Trade with the Enemy ; lulling the people 
asleep by various arts, in order to make them stand Neuter 
in the Contest ; when such measures are pursuing ; it is the 
duty of every good subject, to awaken their Country men to 
a sense of the danger — drag the offender to justice, and 
preserve the freedom of the State. — ^With this view; the 
inhabitants of Machias, beg leave to inform your Excellency, 
lli;it siiniliir measures have been in contemplation for some 
time ]);i.st, jmd there lias not been wanting in our Neighbour- 
liood, those who have endeavoured to carry them into Execu- 
tion, A certain Francis Shaw of Gouldsborough (who is now 

16 



22 G DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

& has been for five years past second Major of the Six**^ 
Regiment of Militia in this County) lately sent a Letter to 
Stephen Jones Esq"" of this place who was then Chairman of 
the Committee inclosing a paper, called a ''Representation 
of the Inha])itants living between the Rivers Penobscott & S' 
Croix," addressed to your Excellency, the Hon**'^ the Senate 
& the Hon'''" House of Representatives; and desiring our 
concurrence therein ; which paper makes many complaints of 
grievances which the Inhabitants of the Eastern Country 
have experienced, & to which they yet remain obnoxious, by 
reason of their adherence to the Independence of America, 
it also contains other matters equally absurd; and concludes 
by praying your Excellency & Honors to Sett of the In- 
habitants there in mentioned. To remain Neuter," With a 
view as we conceive to be in a situation to trade more openly 
with the Enemy, Said Francis Shaw Also in his Said Letter 
holds up to us the Idea, that even your Excellency had been 
consulted & approved said plan, that Government was unable 
or unwilling any longer to support us ; therefore we had an 
imdoubted right to take such measures as we should judge 
proper — T[ Said letter & papers being Laid before the In- 
habitants, after consideration thereon at a very full meeting 
Unanimosly Came into the Resolutions which are closed. 
^We herewith send your Excellency a Copy of said Letter 
and of the paper which accompanied it, not doubting but 
your ExcelP will take such measures, as will not only 
frustrate the designs of our Enemies, but deter others from 
following such courses, as must end in their own destruction — 
We have no doubt of the good disposition of your Excel- 
lency and the other branches of Government, towards us: 
we have often experienced your bounty & Care without which, 
we shuld be now groaning under that Tyranny which our 
internal enemies are now striveing to bring on us ; under the 
precious pretext of Neutrality. We therefore hope we shall 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 227 

not now be given up for a prey, but that our political Fathers 
will yet continue to protect us, and animate us still to hold 
out and persevere in the defence of the Liberties to which 
we are intitled ; and untill the Independence of America 
Shall be Acknowledged by our Enemies, f We have un- 
doubted intelligence that our Enemies are determined to 
take of some of the principel persons among us most obnoxious 
to them, (which may Easily be done) Thinking by that means 
to drive us into measures to which they have hitherto in vain 
endeavoured to allure us. Our coasts are daily infested by 
the numerous Privatears of the Enemy which rendezvous at 
Bagv/aduce, & we have too much reason to believe a cor- 
respondence is kept up by Some persons in our neighbour- 
hood, most contiguous to the Enemy. Namely Colo' Nathan 

Jones, Capt William jSTickells & the said Francis Shaw 

Cap' Daniel Sullivan, commander of the Company of 
Militia at Frenchmans Bay was laitely taken out of his bed 
& carried to BagAvaduce, his house, with that next to it, 
burned by a party from that place, because he was forward 
in opposing their plans, by which some of our friends are 
disheartned, and the enemy suppose if they can by any means 
Ijecome masters of Ibis place, they will all between this place 
& Bagwaduce fall in with them; which if so, will give them 
the Lumber trade of which they stand in much need, and 
divest the Commonwealth of all territory East of Penobscott. 
Being near one Hundred ]\Iilcs sea coast — ^ In order to 
frustrate their plans, permit us to point out Some measures 
which in our opinion will curl) their insolence & establish 
our safety Let one Company of Men be stationed at French- 
man 's-bay, two Companies at this place, and two or three 
Vessclls of force cruise the Sborc, this together with the 
Milifia would j)ut our Enemies out of all hopes of reduceing 
us, encourage our friends & Confirm those more contigeous to 
the Enemy, who may be wavering: It would also put a stop to 



228 DOCUMEXTARY HISTORY 

persons going to & from Bagwaduce & Nova Scotia which is 
not at present in our power to prevent — ^ The Inhabitants 
of this Commonwealth East of Union River ware so highly 
pleased with the Election of jour Excellency to the first 
office in our Commonwealth, that they thought it their duty 
to express their entire complacency in our Chief Majestrate, 
and their grateful sence of the divine favour in granting us 
one of our selves, one of the first in the Glorious cause of 
Freedom, and one, in our apprehension, so well qualified to 
rule over us; in a humble and cordial address — T[ That 
address received the approbation of the different Towns in 
this district, and was signed by all the Committees by order 
of their Respective Towns; but Not withstanding all our 
precaution, it v,'as unhappily preserved, as we are informed 
by a suspected person Namely CoP Nathan Jones above 
mentioned, from whence your Excellency might possibly be 
induced to view it as the sycophantic production of a few 
disiging IVfen, rather than the genuine feelings & sentiments 
of a faith full & brave People, (in which agreeable point of 
light, your Excellency undoubtedly may and ought to view 
it — 1 Your Excellency may rely upon the affection & fidelity 
of the Inhabitants of these plantations in general, notwith- 
standing all their present difficulties : and that they will exert 
themselves to the utmost, against all the enemies to the peace 
& Independence of the United States of America. We there- 
fore humbly request that your Excellency & the Hon''' the 
General Court will be pleased in their wonted goodness and 
generosity to grant us as expeditiously as possible, such aid 
& assistance as may be Necessary to enable us to take proper 
Measures to avert the designs of our enemies. 

By order of the Conmiittee 

Stephen Smith Chairman 
His Excellency Jn" Hancock Esq"" 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 229 

Resolve in Favor Ebenezer Perkins. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts [ 

House of Representatives April 30^'* 1781 

On the representation of John Lucas Commissary of Pen- 
sioners in behalf of Ebenezer Perkins a Marine on board the 
Continental Ship Warring & was wounded in an Action with 
the Enemy at Majorbiigaduce as appears by his certificate 

Resolved that the said Ebenezer Perkins is intitled to one 
third pay as a Marine to commence Sep* 2^ 1779 the day of 
his discharge — 

Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis SpF 
In Senate April SO'"" 1781 
Read & Concurred 

Jer: Powell Presi*** 
Approv'd John Hancock 

Resolve m Favor Joshua Sivan. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts [ 

In the House of Representatives April 30'*^ 1781 

On the Petition of Joshua Swan, Praying for a Grant of 
A Strip of Land, Containing About five Hundred Acres, 
Scituate In the Late Province of Main, near A Township 
Called Fullers Town, Laying Between two Mountains 

Resolved that the Prayer of the Petition be Granted on the 
Following Conditions. (Viz) that the Above Named Joshua 
Swan be Intitled to the Above discribed Land, he paying the 
Just Value thereof Togeather with the Expence of Servaying 
& apprizeing the same, and Settle Two Famileys on S" 
Premises in three Years after ho Shall 1)0 Intitled thereunto. 
All'] that Simon Frye M"" Jouatliau Hartlet & Cap'" Joseph 
Frye jus' be a Committee on Oath, to Measure Delineate, 
Apprise, make out, and Execute a good and Lawfull Deed 



230 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

of S*^ Land, on the Conditions aforesaid, to the Said Joshua 
Swan. And Receive the ]\roney for S'' Land, And Convey 
the Same into the Treasury office of this Commonwealth, and 
take Duplicate Recpts therefor, one of which to be Lodged 
in the Secretary's office. And make Return of their doings 
to the General Court, as Soon as may he 

Whereas I Joshua Swan Xot long Since Petition'd this 
Commonwealth for a Strip of Land Describ'd in s^ Petition 
Shewing my Willingness to Purchase as much of s'' Strip 
as my Ability will Inable me — And understanding that the 
Report of the Com"^^ on s** Petition hath been Objected to 
on Account of the Petitioners have Liberty to take a Certain 
part of s^ Strip — To Remove which Objection I Will under- 
take to Purchase the Whole (tho' it Should Surmount my 
Interest) By Procuring money on Loan If this Hon'^^® Court 
in their Wisdom Judge it will be more for the Interest of the 
Commonwealth to Sell the Whole than a Part thereof 

Joshua Swan 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts Methuen April 10: 1781 
To the Great & General Court of the Commonwealth afores** 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts Essex Ss 

Methuen Feb^ 19' 1781 
To the Honourable the Senate, And House of Representatives 
in General Court Assembled 
The Petition of Joshua Swan, Humbly Sheweth That 
Your Petitioner is Dispos'd to Purchase of this Common- 
wealth a Strip of Land of about Five hundred Acres, Situate 
in the Late Province of Main Contiguous to a Tract of Land 
of four himdred Acres laid out to Satisfy a Grant made to 
John Dennis, which Strip Lies between two Mountains, on 
both Sides of a Stream Called Sundy River, which Unites 
its Waters with the Great Androscoggin River in a Township 
Called fullers Town 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 231 

That your Petitioner is Willing to give the full Value of 
s** Strip of Land in Cash, as Soon as he Shall he Entitled to 
the Same — That as he hath no Land of his own to Improve 
he is Desirous of Purchasing s'' Strip that he may be Enabled 
thereby with his own Industry to Provide Subsistence for 
his Family. 

Wherefore Your Petitioner Humbly Intreats this Honour- 
able Court to make him a Grant of So many Acres of s*^ Strip 
of Land as he is able to Purchase — And as in Duty bound 
Prays. Your Petitioner Joshua Swan 

PeMtion of Andrew Brown. 

To the Senate and House of Representatives of the Common- 
wealth of Massachusetts, in General Court assembled. 

The Petition of Andrew Brown, Humbly Sheweth, That 
your Petitioner served in the American Army from the 
Memorable 19''' of April 1775, to the first of November last, 
and in the Muster Master General's department, from the 
IS''' of May 1777, to the 12'" of January 1780. Your Peti- 
tioner was appointed for the Eastern department, and this 
State became his station, in which the greatest part of his 
duty lay, 

When the Money began to depreciate, many of the Muster- 
ing Officers resigned, particularly, the officer for the State of 
Rhode Island, when Your Petitioner had not only the duty 
<jf his own department to attend to, l)ut was frequently 
obliged to travel to, and throughout that state, to Muster the 
troops there. 'Tis useless to trouble Your Honours with 
a lengthy account of the fatigues ho underwent, and the ex- 
penses he was exposed to, in traveling almost every month, 
Summer and Winter, to all })arts of this State, where troops 
of any kind were Qiuirtered, for near three years; This is 
too well known to some of your Honors, to render it neces- 
sary to say much upon it here. 



232 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

lu every stage of the depreciation of the Money, your 
Petitioner received the strongest assurances from his Prin- 
cipal that he v/ould be paid for his services ; But to this hour 
he has not received either pay, expences or Depreciation. 

Your Petitioner was at the expence of a Journay last 
September to Head Quarters, in hopes of receiving his pay, 
but Gen' Green, who then Commanded, (His Excellency 
being at Hartford) infomied your Petitioner, that he could 
not 1)6 rewarded anywhere, but by the state he belonged to, 
or where he did the Duty. 

Your Petitioner having waited from Month to Month, and 
from Year to Year, and being reduced to circumstances ex- 
ceedingly peculiar, is obliged to look up to your Honors, most 
earnestly praying for immediate relief, by a settlement of 
his accounts and payment of his reasonable demands, in such 
a way as to your great wisdom shall appear right. 

And your Petitioner as in duty bound shall ever Pray 

And"^ Brown 

May r' 1781 

In Congress 12'"^ Jan^ 1780 

Resolved, That the mustering Department be discontinued 
and the Officers thereof discharged. And whereas the Com- 
missary General of Musters has approved himself a good 
and faithful Officer, and those who have been employed under 
him have given satisfaction in their Offices. 

Resolved, That the said Commissary General of Musters, 
and those Officers who have continued in that Department 
eighteen months last past, shall be entitled to receive a sum 
equal to their pay respectively for the terai of twelve months 
from this day. 

Resolved, That in future the business of mustering the 
Troops be performed by the Inspectors of the Army in such 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 233 

manner and under such regulations as the Commander in 
Chief shall direct, who is hereby authorised to make the 
arrangements reporting the same to Congress. 
Extract from the minutes. 

Chs Thomson See'' 

In Congress 7'^ Feb^ 1780 

Resolved, That the Commissary General of Musters, his 
Deputies and muster Masters be allowed one hundred Dol- 
lars per month for each retained Ration, from the 18^*^ of 
August last to the 12 of January last, when the Department 
was Discontinued in like manner as the Officers in the line. 

Extract from the minutes. 

Geo. Bond Dep^ Sec' 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives May 7^*" 1781 
On the Petition of Maj"" Andrew Brown Deputy Muster- 
Master for the Eastern Department, Praying for the Depre- 
siation of his wages to be made Good for the Reasons Set 
forth in his Petition — Resolved, That the Committee ap- 
pointed to Settle the Depresiation with the officers and Sol- 
diers of the Continental army be Directed to make up the 
Depresiation of the wages due to Maj'" Andrew Brown and 
that it be Paid in the same manner as the officers in the 
Massachusetts Line of the army are Paid. 



Resolve in Favor John McGoff. 

To the Hon"'"' Council, 

John Lucas Coms''^ of Pensions for this State, in behalf of 
John M'^Goff Seaman on board the ]3rig' Belonging to this 



234 DOCUMENTARY HISTOKY 

State who lost his Right Leg the 30'^ of march 1779 in an 

Engagement w'*" the Enemy as Appears by his Certificates — 

John Lucas Com^'^^ 
Boston Ocf 10, 1779 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives May the 1781 

On the representation of John Lucas Commissary of Pen- 

tioners in behalf of John McGoff Seaman on Bord the Brigg 

Tyranaside in the servase of this Commonwealth who lost 

his leg the 30*'' of march 1779 as appears by his Certificates 

1[ Resolved the said John McGoff is intitled to half his pay 

as a seaman to Commence from his discharge which was the 

21 of Apriel 1779 



Resolve on the Letter from Col*^ Allan. 

The Committee appointed on the Letter from Col° 

Allen and papers accompanying report the following Resolve 

and ask leave to report same 

John Pitts p order 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate May 2^ 1781 
Resolved that the Governor with advice of Council be, & 
hereby is requested, to take such measures respecting the 
Persons represented in Col° Aliens Letters and Papers ac- 
companying it, to be to an Inimical disposition towards these 
United States, as the public Safety may require 
Read & accepted 

Sent down for Concurrence 

Jer: Powell Presi"*' 
In the House of Representatives May 2^ 1781 
Read & concurred 

Caleb Davis Speaker 
Approv'd John Hancock 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 235 

Affidavit of David Jenl's. 

Boston 26 April 1781 
])avid Jenks of lawful age testifieth & saith that last 
Summer between the latter end of May & the beginning of 
Sepf being a Prisoner on Board the Albany at Bigwaduce, 
he repeatedly saw Francis Shaw of Goldsborough at Bigwa- 
duce. He appeared intimate with the British Officers both 
of the Army & Navy at s*^ Bigwaduce, k also appeared to be 
there on business. He further testifieth that he saw s*^ Shaw 
as above described as often as three different times with con- 
siderable Intervals 

David Jenks 
Suffolk, Ss. Boston 26 April 1781 

The above subscribed David Jenks, being duly cautioned 
made solemn Oath to the truth of the above Declaration, be- 
fore me 

E. White J. Paeis 



Letter of Francis Shaw to Stephen Jones. 

Gouldsborough 17''' March 1781 — 
D'S"^ 

I was in hopes to have had the pleasure of your Company 
last Wednesday, when I Intended to have propos'd to you 
our Intentions of Endeavouring to be put into a Neutral 
State, the Matter has been proposed this way and almost 
Unanimously Accepted, Inclosed you have a Copy of the 
Representation we propose to make to his Excellency the 
Governor & Hon*'"" Court and Doubt not it will be Approv'd 
of, as Discoursing with his Excellency respecting the Situa- 
tion of the Country, he Say'd it was not in the Power of the 
Court to protect us, Therefore we had an undoubted Right to 
make the best Terms we cou'd to save our Families and In- 



236 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

terests, how it may be Receiv'd by your Town I can't Say, 
(As they are in part Supported) But I dare say it will be 
Agreed to this way, as we are not, nor cannot be protected, 
You will be kind enough after Perusal to send it to the Com- 
mittees of Chanders & Pleasant Eiver that if they think 
Proper they may Join with the Towns this way. As I Expect 
there will be an Opportunity to send it from this place in 
10 or 12 Days, I Shall Sett off in my Boat for Boston To- 
morrow, As our Neighbours at Major Bagaduce have taken 
the Schooner we came down in, & my Business calls me Im- 
mediately there with Sutable Respects I Remain C S"" Your 
most hum Serv* 

Fra : Shaw J"" 
Stephen Jones Esq'" 

This may certifie that I receiv'd the within Letter by the 

hand of IP James ISToonan 

p"" Stephen Jones 
This is a true copy of the Original 

Attest J. Xoble Shannon, CI. of Com'^' 

At a very full Meeting of the Inhabitants of Machias, 
legally warned and assembled on the 29^^ day of March 1781. 
Was presented by Stephen Jones Esq"" a Letter which he re- 
ceiv'd from Francis Shaw Esq'' of Gouldsborough, with a 
Representation that came inclosed to said Jones in said 
Letter ; the same being read in open Meeting, the Inhabitants 
L^nanimously came into the following Resolutions. 

V^ Resolved, That the said Letter and Representation be 
deposited in the hands of the Committee. To which the said 
Stephen Jones Esq"" chearfidly agreed. 

2^ Resolved, That the Inhabitants of this Plantation do 
hereby express the utmost abhorrence both of the subject mat- 
ter of said Representation and Letter of the IT''' ins' signed 
by Francis Shaw of Gouldsborough ; who hath made it evi- 



OF THE STATE OF IMAINE 237 

dent that he hath his private Interest at heart, more than the 
good of his Country. And we do hereby declare that we are 
ready to defend the Rights & Liberties of the United States 
of America, against Great Britain or any other Enemies to 
the Freedom and Independence of America, whether internal 
or external ; that we despise a Neutrality in the present con- 
test, holding as an indisputable truth, those that are not for 
us, are against us. 

S'' Resolved, That the Committee send the proceedings of 
this Meeting together with said Letter and Representation, 
to the Committees of the other Plantations west of us as far 
as Frenchmans-bay, desiring to know their determination on 
the matter. 

4**' Resolved, That the Commit<^':e be desired to prepare a 
Letter to be sent to his Excellency the Governor, and that the 
same be laid before this meeting at the adjournment for 
approbation. 

S"' Resolved, That the Committee be desired to wait on 
the Commanding Officer of this department, with a copy of 
the proceedings of this Meeting, and consult with him what 
measures is best to be taken for the safety of this place. 

The meeting was then adjourned to the lO"" of April next. 

April 1')"' The Inhal)itantg met according to adjourn- 
ment, when the C^ommittec presented the meeting with the 
copy of a Letter whicli they had prepared, which being dis- 
tinctly read and duly considered, — Resolved that the same 
be accepted, and that the Committee be directed to sign the 
same, and forward lo liis Fxccllcucy fdi'lbwitlu 

Attest W" Tupj)cr Clerk 

At a Electing f)f tlio TiiIiiibitniifH of ALachias on the 20"' 
of ]\Iarch 17-Sl aud coiiliiincd Ky adjounimeut to the 10"' day 
of April. 



23(S DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

The Committee according to order, presented the follow- 
ing Letter, which was approv'd, and the Committee was 
directed to sign the same and forward to his Excellency the 
Governonr forthwith, together with the other papers. 

May it please your Excellency, 

Letter of Committee. 

When the peace and safety of a State is disturbed, by 
persons endeavouring to make innovations therein — when 
any particular person or persons evince a disposition inimical 
to the Laws of their Country ; and in time of War, are using 
their utmost endeavours to open a Trade with the Enemy ; 
lulling the people asleep by various acts, in order to make 
them stand Neuter in the contest ; when such measures are 
pursuing, it is the duty of every good subject, to awaken 
their Countrymen to a sense of the danger — drag the 
offender to justice, and preserve the freedom of the State. 

With this view, the Inhabitants of Machias beg leave to 
inform your Excellency, that similar measures have been in 
contemplation for some time past, and there has not been 
wanting in our Neighbourhood, those who have endeavoured 
to carry them into execution. A certain Francis Shaw of 
Gouklsboro', (who is now, and has been for five years last 
past, second Major of the sixth Regiment of Militia in this 
County) lately sent a Letter to Stephen Jones Esq*" of this 
place, who was then Chairman of the Committee, inclosing 
a paper, called a Representation of the Inhabitants living 
between the Rivers Penobscot & S' Croix, "addressed to your 
Excellency, the hon''*^ the Senate & the hon'''® House of Repre- 
sentatives," desiring our concurrence therein; which paper 
makes many complaints of grievances which the Inhabitants 
of this Eastern Country have experienced, and to which they 
yet remain obnoxious, by reason of their adherence to the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 239 

Independence of America ; it also contains other matters 
equally absurd; and concludes by praying your Excellency 
and honors to sett off the Inhabitants therein mentioned, to 
remain Neuter. "With a view as we conceive to be in a 
situation to trade more openly with the enemy, Said Francis 
ShaAv, also in his said Letter holds up to us the Idea, that 
even your Excellency had been consulted, and approved said 
plan! that Government was unable or unwilling any longer 
to support us, therefore we had an undoubted right to take 
such measures as we should judge proper! 

Said Letter and paper being laid before the Inhabitants, 
after consideration thereon, at a very full meeting, they 
unanimously came into the Resolutions inclosed. We here- 
with send your Excellency a Copy of said Letter and of the 
paper which accompanied it, not doubting but your Excel- 
lency will take such measures as will not only frustrate the 
designs of our Enemies, but deter others from following such 
counsel as must end in their own destruction. We have no 
doubts of the good disposition of your Excellency and the 
other branches of Government toward us ; we have often 
experienced your bounty and care, witliout which, we should 
l)e now groaning under tluit Tyranny, which our internal 
enemies are now striving to bring on us. under the specious 
pretext of Neutrality. We therefore hope we shall not now 
be given up for a prey, but that our political fathers will yet 
continue to protect us, and animate us still to hold out, and 
perservcre in the defence of the Lilierties to which we are 
intitlcd, and mil ill the Indcjpeudence of America shall be 
acknowh;(lged In our Kncmies. 

Wc have undoubted intcllig(!nc(' that our JMicuiiiis arc de- 
tci'niiii(;(| to take oil sonu; ot the j)riiicij)al {)ers()nM among us, 
iiKiHt obnoxious to lh(;iu (wliidi uuiy easily Ik; done) thinking 
by that means to drive us inio incasnies to which they have 
in vain endeavoured to alJurc us. Our coasts arc daily in- 



240 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

fested by the numerous Privateers of the Enemy which 
rendezvous at Bagwaduce; and we have too much reason to 
believe a correspondence is kept up by some persons in our 
Neighbourhood, most contiguous to the enemy, namely Col° 
Xathan Jones and the said Francis Shaw of Gouldsborough, 
and William Nickells of Xarraguagus. Cap^ Daniel Sulli- 
van, commander of the Company of Militia at Frenchmans- 
bay was lately taken out of his bed and carried to Bagwaduce, 
his house with that next to it, burned by a party from that 
place, because he was forward in opposing their plans; by 
which some of our friends are disheartned ; and the enemy 
suppose if they can by any means become masters of this 
place, they will all between this place and Bagwaduce, fall 
in with them ; which if so, will give them the Lumber Trade, 
of which they stand in much need, and divest the Common- 
wealth of all territory East of Penobscot, being near one 
Hundred miles sea coast. In order to frustrate their plans, 
pennit us to point out some measures, which in our opinion 
will curb their insolence and establish our safety. Let one 
Company of Men be stationed at Frenchmans-bay, two Com- 
panies at this place, and two or three Vessells of force cruize 
the shore, this, to gether Avith the Militia, would put our 
enemies out of all hopes of reducing us, encourage our friends, 
and confirm those more contiguous to the enemy who may 
be wavering, it would also put a stop to persons going to and 
from Bagw^aduce and Xova Scotia, which it is not at present 
in our power to prevent. Permit us also to add. 

The Inhabitants of this Commonwealth, East of Union 
River, were so highly pleased with the Election of your Ex- 
cellency to the first Office in our Commonwealth, that they 
thought it their duty to express their entire complacency in 
our chief Magistrate, and their grateful sense of the divine 
favour, in granting us one of ourselves, one of the first in the 
glorious cause of freedom, and one in our apprehension, so 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 241 

well qualified to rule over us, — in a humble and cordial 
address. That address received the approbation of the dif- 
ferent Towns in this district, and was signed by all the 
Committees by order of their respective Towns ; but notwith- 
standing all our precaution, it was unhappily preferred, as we 
are informed, by a suspected person, namely Col° T^^athan 
Jones above mentioned, from whence your Excellency might 
possibly be induced to view it as the sycophantic production 
of a few designing men, rather than the genuine feelings and 
sentiments of a faithful and brave people; in which agree- 
able point of light, your Excellency undoubtedly may & 
ought to view it. 

Your Excellency niaj rely upon the affection and fidelity 
of the Inhabitants of these Plantations in general, notwith- 
standing all their present diflSculties ; and that they will 
exert themselves to the utmost, against all the enemies of the 
peace and Independence of the United States of America. 
We therefore humbly request that your Excellency and the 
Hon*"'^ the General Court will be pleased in their wonted 
goodness and generosity to grant us as expeditiously as pos- 
sible, such aid and assistance as may be necessary to enable 
us to take proper measures to avert the designs of our 
Enemies. 

Stephen Smith Chairman 
By order of the Committee of Correspondence, Inspection 

& Safety 
His Excellency John Hancock Esc]"" Governor and Com- 
mander in chief of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

Deposition of Jonas Fnrnsworth. 

The Deposition of Jonas Famsworth of Machias, of Law- 
ful age, testifies and saith, that on the twenty first of last 
Month, being at Narraguagus, in Company with Col" Alex"" 

10 



242 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Campbell, he informed me, that CoP Nathan Jones and Cap* 
W" Nickels were gone to Bag^vaduce after a small Schooner 
they had taken from there a few days before and was carried 
to said place, — The deponant having business with Cap* 
Nickels, and walking by his house in company with said 
Col° Campbell, we both went in and enquired whither Cap' 
Nickels was returned home, we was informed he was not 
returned. We went about one mile further to Cap* Joseph 
Wallis's where we tarried that night; in the evening was 
informed Cap* Nickels was returned home; in the morning 
Cap* Nickels came to Cap* Wallis's, where the deponant heard 
Col" Campbell ask Cap* Nickels the following questions. 

What news at Bagwaduce? Cap* Nickels answered he 
had seen several old acquaintance there, and named Cap* 
Dan' Sullivan, who had been taken a few days before and 
carried there, also that Brigadier Wadsworth was used very 
genteely, also they were fitting out Privateers, One of eight 
guns, another of ten guns would sail soon, & three more 
smaller, and he expected they would take almost everything 
that came along shore; he further said a Small Privateer 
Schooner arrived their immediately from Boston, brought in 
by twenty five prisoners that broke out of one of the Guard 
Ships & stole said Schooner ; he further said, there had not 
been any other of our Vessells carried in their lately. Col" 
Campbell asked him if they did not want him to take the 
oath at Bagwaduce ; Cap* Nickels answered, they never men- 
tioned one word aljout an Oath to him. Col" Campbell 
further asked Cap* Nickels if he had got his Vessell; Cap* 
Nickels answered he had got her by paying John Long 
Twenty five pounds Currency, and that himself and Col" 
Nathan Jones, who went with him to Bagwaduce, was used 
very well by Col" Campbell of Bagwaduce; he also said that 
M"" Pagan & others had moved from New York to Bagwaduce, 
that they were very glad to get from N York being tired of 



OF THE STATE OF ISIAINE 243 

doing duty. There was several other questions asked him 
concerning news, to which Cap' Nickels answered he did not 
hear a great deal of news, and he should not tell all he did 
hear; and that Cap*^ Dan' Sullivan was to be sent to New 
York in a few days, & further saith not. 

Jonas Farnsworth. 

Lincoln Ss. Machias April 11"" 1781 

Then Jonas Farnsworth personally appeared and made 
Oath to the truth of the above deposition by him subscribed, 
taken at the request of the Committee of Correspondence, 
Inspection & Safety of this place. Before me 

Stephen Jones Jus. Pacis. 



A Copy of Letter of Frances Shaw. 

To his ExcelP the Governor, The Hon'''" His Council, The 
Hon""' the Senate & The Hon"'" the House of Repre- 
sentatives of the Common Wealth of Massachusetts = 
Setting at Boston in said Common Wealth, the Represen- 
tation of the Inhabitants of all the Tract of Land, lying 
& being on & l>etween the Rivers Penobscott & S' Croix 
inclusive, being more than One Hundred Miles Sea 
Coast Sets forth & Shews.— 
That by Excessive Fatigue & Unremitted hardships, they 
have Acquired large & Convenient Possessions on the said 
Eastern Shore, which they Intirely Depend on, as well for 
the present as the future support of themselves & Familys, 
not only the Conveniencies but even the Neccssarys of life 
being cut off, every Source of Receiving Su1)sistance being 
at least uncertain, not to Describe the Distruction of our 
Mills, Masts & large Quantitys of Luinl)cr, Built & procured 
at Great Expence & Trouble Previous to the Commencment 
of Ilostillitys, in Particular our Estates arc lay'd Waste in 



244 DOCUMENTAIir HISTORY 

General & are by Mature more Especially in their present 
Infantile State Exposed to the Depredations of both the Bel- 
ligerent Powers, Devastation & Plunder have been carried into 
Extreme Effect by both sides, our Wives & Children have 
Suffer'd all the Horrors of an Attack, from Men unfeeling & 
barbarous, our Dwelling-Houses been surrounded by an un- 
merciful Banditti Guided only by the hopes, of Plunder & 
unawed by Opposition, they have even enter'd our Peaceful 
Abodes once Sacred even from Intrusion & there committed 
Cruelties which wou'd enliven the Cheek of the untutered 
Savage with a Blush, whilst on the other hand such of our 
property as was Moveable has been taken and Converted to 
the use of some of the Inhabitants of your Common Wealth 
and for the Recovery of the same if Redress can Possibly be 
procured by seeing Attorneys & Journeying to & fro' Inde- 
pendent of the Neglect of our Business, we must Expend as 
much as we have lost. We have as Repeatedly Petition'd the 
former Government of Massachusetts Bay, since the Revolu- 
tion for Protection & Support, as that Government did the 
Kingdom of Great Britain, for Redress of Grievances, 
Previous to the Commencement of Hostilities, and we feel 
unhappy to say with as little Effect, there being late Instances 
of Plunder & Devastation together with the addition' 
Grievance of the Declaration of Law Martial in our Confines, 
helpless & Consider'd Inimical by both Parties have Tended 
to Distress & Starve & make our present Situation unsuffer- 
able and by the most hardy Race of Mankind insupportable, 
we had far Rather Retreat to the Desart & Depend for our 
subsistance on the uncertainty of the Chace & Encounter by 
Compact the Wolf & the Bear than Extend our present Pros- 
pects to the Production of an Hour. Such may it please 
your Excellency & Honours are the Sufferings of a People 
who Alternately Hunt the Forrest & Till the Ground, who 
find support by the morning Trace at one Season and the 



OF THE STATE OF INFAINE 245 

sweat of the Brow at another, a People which the Greatest 
Inhumanities that ever Disgraced Civilized N^ations, have 
Roused to Resentment & produced determinations Character- 
istic of Men, whose Possessions wou'd Swallow up the Dig- 
nified Principalities of Germany, it is unnecessary to Reason 
Respecting the Rights of Nations, the Arguments are incon- 
testable they are founded on the Laws of Nature & Govern 
the Secret Springs of Man's ovvii Conscience, they are as 
Glaring as the Western Sun Beam & can be found, tho' not 
refuted without the fine Spun Aid of Metiphysicks, to Repeat 
that we are Friendly to the cause of the United States wou'd 
be like Burning Tapers at Noon day to Assist the Sun in in- 
lightning the world. We have Discover'd our Attachment by 
the Exposal & Loss of our lives, the Sufferings of our Familys, 
& the Ruin of our Fortunes We are Still ready to Appear 
in the cause of Virtue & Mankind provided we cou'd either 
live like Friends or Dye like Enemies, but the most that can 
be Expected, of a People in Pursuit of one Common Ad- 
vantage is to bear an Equality of Suffering & each has an 
Indisputable Right to Share the Immunities & Privileges of 
the State in Common with his Neighbour, That Allegience 
& protection are Reciprocal, is so well Establish'd, they are 
so Interwoven together & so Dependant on each other that a 
seperate Existance wou'd be a Solecism, the Government of 
Massachusetts (from what cause is totally Immaterial,) have 
Refused or Neglected to give Protection to us the said In- 
habitants in Return for our Allegiance, so that in Justice to 
our selves, our Familys, & Posterity founded on the Univer- 
sal Concurrance of Nations we are constrained to Ask of 
your Excellency & Honours, an Act of Neutrallity for all the 
Inhabitants, living on the said Tracts, that we may be able to 
protect ourselves wilhniit being Consider'd a Paity in a Con- 
test, the Burthen of which we have hitherto so unequally 
Born, We not onlv wish to Receive the Consent of the 



246 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Governm* of Massachusetts but Shall ever Esteem ourselves 
happy in a Coincidence of their Opinion. 

Among the many causes V7hich Instigate this Request, the 
want of Personal Protection & Security of Property are the 
Principle, But when we consider the sure Destruction of a 
People, Compressed between Two Potent contending Powers, 
by an Apparent Connection with one unable to Protect them 
(for we will not suppose the Commonwealth unwilling) and 
the Safety & Security of the Same Apparent Connection 
being thrown off and the Many Advantages which must In- 
evitably Arise to your Common Wealth, from the Enerease 
of Lands before mention'd we think that our Request will 
not have a Desenting Voice, for our Attachm' as such to the 
Country from whence we Sprang that an Advantage in part 
must be advantageous to the whole In Support of the fore- 
going Representations, we have hereunto Subscribed our 
Names for ourselves & by order & in behalf of the Inhabitants 
of our Respective Towns this day of One Thou- 

sand Seven Hund'' & Eighty one. This may certifie that the 
foregoing is the paper inclosed in a Letter I received from 
Francis Shaw, dated March 17'^ 1781 

p"" Stephen Jones 
This is a true copy of the Original. 

Attest J. N^oble Shannon Cle"" of Comm. 



Letter of Francis Shaw to Governor and Council. 

Boston 3*^ May 1781 
May it Please your Excellency and Honours, 

At the Commencement of this unhappy War, I was in 
Commission under the former Goverment which I as readily 
Resigned as any other Officer, soon after I Received a Cap- 
tains Commission under the Hon'''* Congress at Cambridge 



OF THE STATE OF MAI>fE 247 

to Guard the Sea coast, I raised my Men and did my duty 
(at least to the Approbation of that Hon'''^ Body) soon after, 
at the New Arrangment of the Militia I was appointed a 
Major, and have ever Endeavoured to do my duty in that 
Station, early in the Year 1776 when our Eastern Country 
was unprotected, and the Inhabitants uneasey, Expecting the 
Savage hourly to Destroy them, Cap' Smith & myself Secret- 
ly sent & procured a I^umber of the Cheifs of the Different 
Tribes, and at my own Expence fitted, maned & Victualed a 
Vessel, and brought them to the Hon'''^ Court then at Water- 
town, where they entred into a Treaty of Peace & Freindship 
with them, it would be Tedious At this Time to Relate how 
often, and on how many occaisions, I have raised & supplyed 
Men for the service of my Country, thro' I think I may be 
allowed to say as often as any Man within the bounds of the 
sixth Regiment in the County of Lincoln, I have had my 
Enimies as well as other Men, and after full Enquirey was 
made into my Conduct by the Hon'''^ Court at Watertown, 
it was declared so much in my favour as to put my Enemies 
to Shame, My Muster Rools were ever Liable to the Inspec- 
tion of the most Inveterett of them, and alltho' they could 
never find any Fraude in them, (By your ExcelF & Honors 
permission) I shall shew you that some of my Successors in 
office, who are now my Greatest Enemies, & pretend to be 
the Greatest Freinds to the Country, have made up False 
Rools, sworn to them I Received their Money. At the Time 
the Brittish Troops arrived at Bagaduce I was prisoner at 
Nova Scotia, on my Return I was called on and did my duty 
as before, some Little Time after having some Difference 
with Col" Allan, he and a few others, who he has endeavour'd 
to support at the Public Expence, have been Endeavouring 
to luirt Me both in Charecter & Estate, by Demanding my 
Provisions, preventing my Mills from Sawing &c &'^ how- 
ever I Am happy to think that I have a Large Majority in 



248 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

my favour in that Country, and those who are as well Wishers 
to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts as His, — I have for 
several Years been a Member & most of the Time Chairman 
of the Committee of Gouldsborough, and I flatter myself that 
our Conduct has been as Consistant as any in that Country, 
and altho' we Lay more Exposed to the Depradations of the 
Enemy than many of them, yet we have ever been as ready 
to Assist with our Persons and Property in Defence of Amer- 
ica as any of them— After being absent Six Months I 
returned home the 26*'' Feb^ last, the Morning before my 
arrival, the Enemy had been to Frenchmans Bay destroyed 
Cap** Sullivan & Beans Houses, & carried off Sullivan 
prisoner unprotected as we were then, and are !Now, the whole 
Country was in great Confusion & Distress, not knowing how 
soon the Enemy might return & destroy the Rest, French 
mans Bay was for sending Immediately to Bagaduce, and 
applyed to Gouldsborough to join them, I opposed it in Com- 
mittee (a ^Number of other Inhabitants present,) as the Town 
was just Notified of their Annual March Meeting, but was 
overpowered on the Argument that Delays were Dangerous, 
as the Enemy had Threatned fvirther Devastation, our Town 
was accordingly called togeather earlyer than was first In- 
tended, I think on the 9*'^ March, about the same Time 
Frenchmans Bay & !Narraguagus Meet, when they came to a 
Unanimous Resolve, Nearly to the following purport, ''that 
a Committee be appointed to Confer with the Committees of 
the other Towns, to draw up a proper Representation to the 
Hon"'® the Legeslature of the Commonwealth of Massachu- 
setts, and the Commanding Officer at Bagaduce, Requesting 
that they would restrain their privateers and Armed parties 
from Committing Depradations on this Shore, as we find we 
are unable to defend ourselves, or support our Familys with- 
out Trade & Commerce, therefore we think we ought to be 
Considered in a Neutral State unmolested by either of the 



OF Tin: STATE OF MAINE 249 

Contending powers" accordingly a Representation was drawn 
up to the Hon''''' The Legeslature of this Commonwealth, and 
I beleive approved off by Frenchmans Bay, Gouldsborough, 
Xumber Four & Xarraguagus, before I left Home on the 
23*^ March last, if any Representation has been Drawn up 
to the Commander at Bagaduce it is unknown to Me, When- 
ever I Reflect on thier Distressed Situation in General, but 
more Especially on my own Family and Connections I am 
Led almost to Dispair, but with double (Joncern I hear that 
some of the persons whoes very Existance has, and does de- 
pend on the supplys I may be able to carry to them, En- 
deavouring to deprive Me of that oppertunity, by holding up 
my Charecter to the Public as Inimical — For several days 
past I have been Informed that there was a Number of papers 
against Me, before the Committee of this Town, the Hon"'^ 
House &e I have ever wished to be heard on the Subject, 
Conscious that my own Heart could not Condemn Me, with 
being unFreindly to the Cause of America, I am happy to 
hear that a Summons is Issued for my Appearance before 
your Excellency & Honors on the Morrow, tho' I could have 
wished it to have Come in another Chaniel than the Sherif, 
but Submit the Matter to your Excellency & Honors better 
Judgement, I have not yet seen the Sherif, but shall do my- 
self the Honor to wait on your Excellency & Honors at tho 
Hour appointed, when I flatter myself, from your ExcelF 
& Honors known Candor, I shall not only be Acquited of 
being an Enemy to my Country, but Esteemed a Freind to 
the Libertys of America in General as well as the Inhabitants 
of the Eastern part of this Commonwealth — I have the 
Honor to be with much Respec;t your Excellency & Honors 
Most Obed' Humble Serv' 

Era : Shaw ^'• 
To his Excellency tho Governor & Hon*''" His Council of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 



250 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petition of Nath. Silsbee. 

To the Hon'''^ Senate and House of Representatives for the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General Court 
Assembled — 

The Petition of Xathaniel Silsbee of Salem in the county 
of Essex Humbly shews 1 That whereas the General Court 
aforesaid by certain Resolves made in the year 1779, author- 
izd and impower'd the late Board of War to contract for and 
engage certain private annd vessells to take part in an expedi- 
tion against the enemy at Penobscott, in pursuance of which 
resolve the said Board contracted with Bartholomew Putnam 
of Salem merchant and others owners of the Ship Hunter 
burthen about one hmidred and sixty tons and mounting 
eighteen carriage guns to fitt out and prepare said ship for 
the said service, which accordingly at great expense was fitted 
for the Sea, and sailed on said expedition to Penobscott where 
she was destroy'd, whereupon the said owners according to 
their contract with said Board were intitled to receive of the 
II then State of Massachusetts Bay, the sum of one hundred & 
fifteen thousand pounds — Your Petitioner in behalf of him- 
self and the other owners humbly represents That placing 
the highest confidence in Government security they expected 
an immediate recompence for their loss, but as the funds 
have been hitherto so incumberd with publick charges, they 
have been compelled to the great detriment of their business 
to lose the use of their money — they are now happy to 
observe that Government have resumed their credit ; and 
discover a disposition equitably to discharge their debts, other 
persons in the same predicament have received part of their 
debts, and as your Petitioners were at a peculiar expence in 
furnishing all their stores and rigging without any assist- 
ance from Government they hope for a similar indulgence — 
they are willing to loan a part to the treasurer taking his 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 251 

notes & security for pa\Tiient, and do otherwise in the 
Premises as this Hon*"^ Court or a Committee by them ap- 
pointed shall think just & reasonable and as in duty bound 

will ever pray 

Nath*' Silsbee 



Resolve Relating to Bounties. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In house of Representatives May 5^'' 1781 
On the Memorial of John Frost Esq"" & others in behalf 
of the several Towns & Plantations in the Counties of York 
Cumberland & Lincoln 

llesolved that in the Assessment of the Boimties given to 
the Soldiers raised within this Commonwealth to serve Six 
Months pursuant to a Resolve of the General Court passed the 
5^^ day of June 1780 & also the Bounties given to the Soldiers 
raised to serve Three Months in pursuance of a Resolve of 
said Court passed the 22°'* day of June 1780 the several 
Towns & Plantations in the Counties of Cumberland & Lin- 
coln be entirely exempted from any proportion of said Assess- 
ment in the Tax to be granted for that purpose 

And it is further Resolved that the several Towns & Planta- 
tions in the County of York shall be assessed in the same 
proportion & no greater than they were severally called upon 
& directed by said Resolve to furnish Soldiers for the Six & 
Three l\ronths Service when compard to other Towns in the 
Commonwealth in Consideration tluit the several Towns & 
Plantations in said Counties furnished all the Soldiers for 
the Defence of that part of the Commonwealth & paid them 
their Bounties for that Service out of their own Pockets ex- 
cepting Thirty Pounds in old Continental Currency allowed 
& paid to each Soldier out of the publick Treasury 



252 DOCUMENTATIY HISTORY 

And it is further Resolved that the several Towns & Plan- 
tations in the Three Counties aforesaid shall be assessed in 
the said Tax in proportion as they stand in the Valuation 
compared one with another the Sum of Two Hundred & 
Forty Pounds in Gold or Silver or an equivalent in Bill of 
(Jredit being the Amount of the Bounties paid out of the 
publick Treasury to the Soldiers who engaged to serve in 
Defence of the eastern Country the last year, any former 
Pesolve of the General Court to the Contrary notwithstanding 
Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speaker 
In Senate May 5**^ 1781 

Read & Concurred 

Jer: Powell Presi^* 

Approv'd John Hancock 



Resolves Relating to Defence Eastern Parts. 

The Committee of both Houses on a letter from Col° Allen 
of Machias & another from Col° Wheaton of S* Georges & 
the papers accompanying report the following Resolves 
Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate May 8'*' 1781 
Resolved, that one of the Armed Vessels ordered by a re- 
solve of y^ 24'** April ult" to cruise for the defence of the 
Eastern parts of this State be immediately dispatched with 
30 — barrels of Beef & Pork, & 30 — barrels of Flour for the 
relief of the Garrison at Machias. | And it is also resolved 
that one Company of Seventy Men, Officers included, in addi- 
tion to sixty iive Matrosses already ordered be raised in the 
Eastern part of the County of Lincoln by voluntary Inlist- 
ment to serve for the term of twelve months from the first 
day of May instant, unless sooner regularly discharged, for 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 253 

the defence of that part of the State; to be directed & posted 
from time to time by the Commanding Officer of that de- 
partment in such manner as shall appear most for the security 
k defence of that part of the Common Wealth. ^ And it is 
further resolved that the pay of s^ men shall be ten silver 
dollars, or bills of Credit equivalent according to the Cur- 
rent Exchange, per Kalender month, to each private & to each 
Sargent Twelve dollars to each Corporal Drum & Fife Eleven 
Dollars as afors'' the Commissioned Officers to be on Con- 
tinental Establishment. T[ And for the immediate relief & 
defence of that part of the Eastern Country between Ken- 
nebeck & Penobscott Rivers Tf Resolved, that the Governor 
be & he hereby is requested to order from the militia in that 
part of the Country one or more Companies of men for the 
defence of the parts adjacent to Penobscott Sound, till they 
can be relieved by the men ordered to be inlisted by a Re- 
solve of the 24 April last : And also that he order a suitable 
(jiiantity of the pi'ovision & ammunition already sent forward 
to the eastward for the supply of s** Detachment ; And further 
that he direct the Officer appointed to take the Command of 
the men ordered to be raised by Inlistment forthwith to take 
tlie Command of the Department. T| And it is further Re- 
solved, that the pay of the aforesaid Detachment be the same 
as that of the men ordered to be raised by Inlistment by a 
Resolve of the 24 April last. ^[ And whereas the local situa- 
tion of the County of Lincoln; its remoteness from the seat 
of (rovcrnrncnt ; the contiguity of the Enemy, & other circum- 
stances attending said County, under the ordinary execution 
of r>;iw incffefiual for its security & good manjigemcnt, there- 
fore *| Resolved that the (Jommittecs of (Correspondence In- 
spection & Safety in said County be, & they hereby are 
;iiith(tii/,('(l cV inij)ovverod with the advice of the Commanding 
Officers of the American Troops in said County, when it can 
be obtained, & without when it cannot, to apprehend & secure 



254 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

any person or persons whose enlargement may to them ap- 
pear dangerous to this Common Wealth, or promotive of the 
Enemy's Interest: And if it shall at any time appear ex- 
pedient to any of the Committees aforesaid, & the Command- 
ing Officers shall advise to it, to send any person by them 
apprehended to Boston ; they shall at the same time forward, 
the Evidence against s"^ persons reduced to writing, Avhich 
written Evidence authenticated by the Committee, shall be 
received as valid in Boston, and shall be deemed effectual 
further to secure said Person or Persons, provided the charges 
supported thereby shall appear sufficient reason for their 
Confinement. ^And it is Resolved, that no Committee or 
Commanding officer shall be subject to any suit or prosecution 
for their doings pursuant to the foregoing resolve. 

Read & sent down 

Jer: Powell Presi"* 

In the House of Representatives May 10*'' 1781 

Read & accepted as taken into a new draught — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speaker 
In Senate May 10*" 1781 

Read & Concurred 

Jer: Powell Presi*** 



Genl Wadsivorth to Jno. HopMns Esq. 

Bagaduce Fort George S**" May 1781 
Sir: 

In mine of the 19th Ulto by way of Falmouth, I wrote to 
you requesting that You would procure of the State, Money 
for my Subsistance whilst a Prisoner, & Suggesting a Pro- 
posal for the Exchange of my self or Major Burton or both 
& the Paroling Messrs Stocgdon & MclSTabb &c &c. Having 
now a direct Oppf by a Cartel which I am inform'd is Setting 



or THE STATE OF MAINE 255 

off for Boston, I must renew my request & desire that you 
would send me what you Shall procure on mj Ace* by the 
return of this Cartel & also let us know what Prospect there 
is of our Exchange. — There is great Complaint here of the 
111 Treatment of Prisoners in Boston, both officers & privates, 
that Officers are unsuitably confin'd on board the prison Ship 
»fc that the whole are very much Starv'd, particularly M'' 
Long taken in the Sloop Industry, Cap' Bell, who sends 
word that he has no x\llowance of Provision at all & that he 
is closely imprison'd & In Irons in Salem Goal. &c &c As I 
know that this Treatment is very different from the Usage 
of the State, & particularly contrary to your Disposition I 
can heartily wish that if there is anything of the kind that 
has escap'd yours or the Observation of the State, that on 
examination, it may be rectified, or at any rate that the 
whole matter may be set in a fair Light, which may prevent 
the addition of Bitterness to the natural Calamities of War. 
r could also wish that M'' Long might be exchang'd for a 
Suitable person. ^ "Apropos" of the Treatment of Prisoners 
I will give you just the State of my own & Major Burton's 
C^onfinement here ; We have a good comfortable room in the 
back side of the Officer's Barracks within the Fort with good 
Beds & Bedding, Firewood, candles & Utencils for the room, 
the Windows Barr'd & Sentries at the Door, We are each 
allow'd one ration, which being turn'd into a Family (& an 
over plus to be paid in money,) a very good fare is daily 
brot us by the Servant allotted to wait on the room. We also 
purchase what ever else we may chuse. The Circumstances 
of the Place does not admit of our being parol'd on the 
Peninsula, but we daily walk on the Parade within the Fort 
for the Sake of taking the Air, where the Officer of the Guard 
generally Attends Us, with Sentries at a proper Distance. 
Our Confinement is much allevialcd by the frequent calling 
in of most of the Gentlemen of the Garrison in a Sociable 



256 DOCUMENTARY HISTOKY 

Way — You have it. — I have mentioned these particulars on 
purpose to cultivate a reciprocity of good Offices ever to be 
desir'd betv/een contending Powers, & if every one was care- 
ful to acknowledge the Conveniences which they do receive 
& as careful not to exagerato the unavoidable Inconveniences 
they Sometimes suffer it would prevent much of that bitter 
Animosity which Serves only to the Misery of Individuals, 
t If you obtain money for me, & it is allowable, desire you 
to send me six gallons Wine of a good Quallity & as many 
Bushels Oysters by this Conveyance Major Burton hopes for 
a return from you — We are both anxious to be exchanged. 

% 1 am Sir your most humble Serv' 

P. Wadsworth 
Jn° Hopkins Esq'' D C G P 

Superscribed : John Hopkins Esq'' D C Gen' Prisoners — 

Boston — 



J Allan to Gov Hancock. 

On Board the La Estre at the mouth of Machias River 

May 9''' 1781 
Sir 

I have but just time to Acknowledge the receipt of your 
favour By M"" Avery, as allso the Articles By the Neashquo- 
woit for the use of this Garrison — I am very sorry I am 
Compelled to Acquaint you Again that there is not the Least 
Appearance that any men Can Be raised on the Condition 
mentioned. In Consequence this Post is Intirely Destitute 
of any Defence & Support, but what Can Be Gote Volun- 
tarily from the Country, which at present is very difficult 
as the Season is on for Cultivating the Land — The Bearer 
Cap* Cha^ Le Perouse, who Convey'd the Schooner & others 
down here has Truely Acted Like a friend to America. His 
Complisence, Humanity & the Trouble he has taken, is be- 



OF THE STATE OF ]\rAI^'E 257 

yond what I can Express. Bent Intirely upon doing service 
to the United States — We have been waiting at the moutb 
of the Harbour these Two Days to Go to Passamaquody, that 
the Indians might ha\c An Opp*^ to see a French man of 
War — but the wind Continuing Contrary we Are Obliged 
to Leave the Frigate this morning, as the Capt^ Time is up 
that he must be going Back — 

With the Vessell Goes Lieut Street & seven private men 
Prisoners — l^elonging to the British American Families, 
who were taken By Captain Smith Cruising along shore in 
a small Boat — I must beg that these men may be taken the 
Greatest Care of Even to have them detain'd as long as pos- 
sible their knowledge of this river, their Zeal for Britain, and 
their Design to hurt all they Can the Inhabilants of this 
District as well as along shore, Compells me to pray you to 
have them secured properly — ^f As by not having Troops 
here for the protection of the Port I find I can be of Little 
Service to the United States, in my Continuing at the post. 
I shall move to Passamaquody for the Care of the Indians, 
As I presume Duty will be done at Machias better By the 
Militia Officers. After setleing matters I propose going west- 
ward for the settlement of the business of the department — 
Tl Excuse my situation on Board, as I am in a hurry in getting 
ashore I am with my Great respect y"" very hb' Sv* 

J Allan 
His Excellency John Hancock Esq*" 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives May ll"' 1781 
Read & thereupon Ordered that Col" Little, Col" Coffin & 
rV)l" Thacher with such as the lion Senate shall join be a 
Committee to consider of this Letter & report thereon — 
Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis Spk*" 

17 



258 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

In Senate May ll'*' 1781 — 

Read & Concurred & Samuel Niles & John Pitts Esq"^^ are 

joined. 

Jer: Powell Presi^* 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate May ll*"^ 1781 
The Committee appointed on the Letter of Col" John Allen 
of Machias, report that the provision for men & supplies for 
the support of that Post already made by this Court is in the 
opinion of this Committee all that is expedient to be done at 
present And also that the Prisoners refer'd to in s'' letter 
are this day committed to Goal in the town of Boston by 
order of the Governor 



Sent down for Concurrence 
Read & Accepted 



Sam' Niles p'' Order 
Jer Powell Presi*^* 



Resolve on Petition of Jos. McLellan. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

May 15*" 1781 

To the Honble the Senate & the Honble House of Represen- 
tatives in General Court Assembled. 
The Petition of Joseph M'^Lellan for himself and the 
other Owners of the Ship humbly shews, t That your Peti- 
tioner with the other Owners of said Ship have a Prospect 
of making a very advantageous Voyage if they could have 
Permission to carry six or eight Masts from Twenty Inches 
& downwards to some French or Spanish Port in the West 
Indies. That the Town of Falmouth in the County of 
Cumberland where said Ship is owned has during this un- 
happy War suffered very greatly, has lost all their Vessels, 
(this Ship only excepted), that uses any foreign Trade, and 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 259 

if said Ship should make a successful Voyage the great Bene- 
fit arising from it would enable the aforesaid Town to pay 
their respective Taxes — Your Petitioner therefore humbly 
prays your Honors to grant Permission for Shipping the 
above said Masts. 

And as in Duty bound shall ever pray 

Joseph Mclellan 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate May y' 15*" 1781 
Resolve on the Petition of Jos McLellen Praying for Lib- 
erty to export eight Masts from the Port of Falmouth, in 
the County of Cumberland of Twenty Inches & downwards 
to Some French or Spanish Port — Resolved that the Prayer 
of the Petition be granted and that the Naval officer of the 
Port of Falmouth be & he hereby is directed to clear out 
said Eight Masts, any law or Resolve to the Contrary not- 
withstanding. 

Sent down for Concurrence 

Jer: Powell Presi**' 

In the House of Representatives May 19*'' 1781 
Read k concurred 

Caleb Davis Speaker 
Approv'd John Hancock 



Resolve in Favor of Sprague & Ward. 

To The Honorable Senate & House of Representatives in 
General (.ourt Assembled. 
The Petition of the Subscribers sheweth That early in the 
present Contest your Petitioners awarded largely of their 
Interest & have ever since done all in their power to assist 
Government more especially in the Penobscot Expedition 



260 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

when thev were concerned in Three Ships which were taken 
into that service two of which were lost, by which they sus- 
tained great damage &; have not as yet had any compensation, 
(altho the General Court then assembled solemnly engaged 
that in case of loss they shou'd be indemnified) nor wou'd 
they at present (knowing in some measure the Distresses of 
the Common Wealth) troidjle your Honors with any request 
were it not that they are exceedingly distressed for want of 
means to enable them to obtain a support for themselves & 
Famalies, as they have lately sustained great and extraordi- 
nary Losses by which they are deprived of alJmost all their 
Trading Stocks. — They therefore most earnestly pray that 
this Court wou'd take their case into their consideration & 
afford them such Eelief as in their wisdom they shall think 
fit and as in duty bound will ever pray 

Joseph Sprague 
Samuel Ward 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives May IS**" 1781 
On the petition of Joseph Sprague & Samuel Ward, pray- 
ing for some relief from this Court, on ace* of large Sums of 
Money due to them for Ships lost on the Penol)scot expedition, 
for reasons set forth in their Petition — Tl Resolved, That on 
acco* of the peculiar circumstances attending the Petitioners, 
occasioned by the Losses they met with at Penobscot, & since 
at S* Eustatia, there be allowed s'' Petitioners the sum of 
Five hundred pounds in Specie, or bills of Credit equivalent 
thereto, & that the Governor with advice of Council, be re- 
quested to grant his Warrant on the Treasurer for the same, 
on condition that s*^ Petitioners Jointly I^oan to Government, 
the amount of Four thousand pounds in specie, or Govern- 
ment Securities they may have in their hands, agreable to 



OF THE STATE OF :\rAI^'E 2 CI 

the Supply Bill for borrowing £800,000, passed this session — 

they to he aer-oiintahle for the same in the Settlement of their 

Acco* 

Sent lip for ooiicnrrenee 

Caleb Davis Speaker 

In Senate May IS'*" 1781 

Read & Concurred 

Jer: Powell Presi'*^ 

Approv'd John Hancock 

W" drawn 7'^ Feb^ 1782 



Letter Jn'^ Hopkins to Caleb Davis. 

Boston *ne May, 1781 
Sir 

I would beg leave to lay before your honor a Letter from 
Gen' Wadsworth, were he Desires me to Apply to you. for a 
Sum of Money, and if procur'd to Fonvard it to him, by the 
Return of the Cartel, w^hich is to Sail to Morrow, — 
I have the Honor to be Your Honors most ob* Serv* 

Jn° Hopkins 
The Hon'^ Caleb Davis Esq' 



Petition of Jeremiah Colhurn. 

To the Honoralile the Senate and the Honorable House of 

Representatives in General Court Assembled, the 15'** 

May Anno Domini 1781 — 

The Petition of .lereniiah Colbuiii of Camden — Lieu* 

Under tlie Couiiiiainl of (iciuial Wadsworth — ^[Humbly 

Sheweth — That Your Petitioner was Left in Connnand of 

General Wadswortb at liiw Post at Camden, when voiir Peti- 



262 DOCU:\rENTARY HISTORY 

tioner on the 24'*' April Last was Attack by five Brittish 
Officers and 75 of their Soldiers, with Two Eefugees, their 
Pilots and took Possession of the Stores at Camden, and dis- 
armed the Inhabitants and Drove them oif, and Captivated 
my self and Familey — and took Possession of all my Stores 
and furniture with four Whale boats, and burnt and Dis- 
troyed a Flatt bottom'd Boat — the Breast Works and Plat- 
forms and all the Damage they Could do, and Carried your 
Petitioner of to Penobscot River, and then Granted him A 
Parole to Boston In order for an Exchange, Now Your Peti- 
tioner being destitute of any Support. Xot having Power 
to make up his pay Eoll untill duly Exchanged, Your 
Petitioner prays Your Hon" Would Order him Back Rations, 
and Subsistance Money for himself Wife & Son as has been 
allowed heretofore with some Money to defray his Charges 
Under his Unhappy Circumstances Or Order what in your 
Great Wisdom Shall See Meet — and Your Petitioner as In 
Duty bound shall Ever pray &c 

Jeremiah Colburn Lieu* Camden 
May 15 — 1781 — 

Resolve in Favor Jeremiah Colburn. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives May 17''' 1781 

On the Petition of Jeremiah Colburn an Officer on Parole 
praying for an Allowance of back Rations & subsistence 
money & also a grant of some money for his Expences 

Resolved, That there be granted and paid out of the 
Treasury of this Commonwealth to Jeremiah Colburn thirty 
Pounds in the new Emission in part for the wages due to 
him from this Commonwealth from the twenty sixth of Jan- 
uary last and that the Commissary General be directed to pay 
the said Lieu' Colburn his back Rations and his subsistance 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 203 

money in Rations from the first day of April last to the 
sixteenth instant, he to be accountable for the same ^And 
whereas the said Jeremiah Colburn when he was captivated 
lost two fire Arms, a Hanger and two Cutlasses and a 
Cartrich Box be it further resolved that the Commissary of 
Ordinance be directed to deliver to Lieut Colburn one fire 
Arm and a Hanger taking his Receipt and he to be account- 
able for the same 

Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speaker 

In Senate May 18*M781 
Read & Concurred 

Jer: Powell Presi"* 
Approv^ John Hancock 

Thomaston May 1 1781 
this may certifie whome it may Concern that Lieu* Col- 
burn had the Command at Cambden of the troops and 
Ordenance Stores When Gen^ Wardsworth was taken and 
on the 24 of April was taken prisoner by a party from Major 

Bagaduce 

Major Wheaton Col° 



Resolve in Favor Genl Wadsworth. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives May 18"* 1781 
On the Letter from Gen' Wadsworth requesting money & 
wine T[ Resolved That there be granted & paid out of tlie 
Treasury of this Commonwealth to John Hopkins Ksq"" Com- 
missary of Prisoners, to be delivered to Gen' Wadsworth 
the sum of fifteen Pounds in Silver & Gold he to be account- 



264 DOCUMENTABY HISTOKT 

able for the same, and it is further ^ Resolved That Caleb 
Davis Esq"" Agent for this Commonwealth be and he is here- 
by directed to deliver to John Hopkins Esq"" aforesaid ten 
Gallon's of Wine for the Use of Gen' Wadsworth and the said 
Agent is directed to make return of the Value of it to the 
Committee for methodizing public Accounts that the same 
may be charged to the Account of General Wadsworth. 
Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speaker 

In Senate May 18'^ 1781 
Read & Concurred 

Jer: Powell Presi^* 
Approv'd John Hancock 



Resolve Relating to Letter of Maj'' Osgood. 

Common AVealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives May 19*'' 1781 
Resolved, that, the Letter from Maj"" Sam' Osgood of y' 8''' 
Inst:, with the accompanying the same, together with a Re- 
ceipt in Q^ Osgoods hands, signed by Joseph Noyes, Issuing 
Commissary at Falmouth in the County of Cumberland, for 
a Sum of Money rec^ by s^ Noyes, not accounted for, be 
Lodged in the hands of the Committee for, Methodizing the 
public acco'^ till the further orders of y® General Court — 
Sent up for concurrence 

Caleb Davis Speaker 

In Senate May 19"" 1781 
Read & Concurred 

Jer: Powell Presi**' 
Approv'd John Hancock 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 265 

Commission to llon^^ Samuel Osgood Escf 

Commonwealth of ^Tassacliusetts 

In Senate May 19 — 1781 
Resolved that his Excellency the Governor he & he is here- 
by desired to grant a commission, under the great seal of the 
Commonwealth to the Hon^^^ Samuel Osgood Esq"" authorizing 
him to appear and act as a delegate of this Commonwealth 
in the Congress of the United States, untill the first day in 
>Tovember next, he having been thereto elected by the joint 
ballot of the Senate & House of Representatives. — 

Sent down for Concurrence 

Jer: Powell Presi^* 

In the House of Representatives May 19^*" 1781 

Read & concurred 

Caleb Davis Speaker 

Approv'd John Hancock 

Petition Inhabitants in Lincoln County. 

To the Honourable the General Court of the Commonwealth 
of Massachusetts 
Humbly shew the Subscribers Inhabitants of tract Lying 
at the Head of the Township of l^ew Bristol in the County 
of Lincoln and Belonging to the Government that theay Have 
Settled more then fifteen years ago upon the same Lands 
having then no Doubt but that the Government would iu 
Consideration of the adjacent Lands being made better by 
their Labour givath them in their possessions and therefore 
humbly Relying upon the CUemency of the Government theay 
have Expended much time and toyl upon their new planta- 
tions but being as to town Government in a state of nature 
they find Great Difficulty in preseiTing from the hand of 
Rapine the fruit of their honest industry that theay have 
since the Commencement of thepresont war uniformly exerted 



266 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

themselves in defence of their Country and have with in the 
Last Summer put their Lives and property at hazerd and 
undergone all the hardships necessary incidint to an invaded 
people in Defending those Labors which can never be of ad- 
vantage to them or their families without your Honors atten- 
tion to their petition — 

Whereas theay most humbly pray that your honours would 
Consent that a township shall be Laid out their of twelve 
miles Square and make a grant their of to your petitioners 
for such Sum or on such Conditions and with such Reserva- 
tions as 3'our honors shall think to be most condusive to the 
publick Good and Should any part of the same be Reserved 
to the State the Cultivation of the Residue will soon Impress 
more vellew upon the part Reserved then the whole Can in 
any other way be made worth and as we in Duty bound Shall 
ever pray — 

Philip Marble Peter Butler 

Daniel Scammon Moses Butler Junior 

William Springer Nathaniel Butler 

Daved Springer Stephen Clark 

John Springer Junior Jonah West 
John Springer Stephen Handifon 

Moses Butler Benj Clark 

David Hooper 
Dated att frenchmans Bay the 
24 May 1781 

Petition of John Ba7ie. 

To the Honourable the Senate & the Honourable the House 

of Representatives in General Court Assembled. 

Humbly Shews ^ The petition of John Bane, that your 

petitioner from a sincere regard to his Country and weighing 

circumstances at the Commencement of Hostilities with 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 267 

Britain eame to a. solemn determination, to hold his Life & 
little fortune with the many pleasant things around him as 
a ready sacrifice rather than submit to the Tyranny of the 
King of England, it is known to all the neighbourhood where 
he lives that he has invariably kept to his said determination 
— The Enemy know it, & your petitioner has been hunted as 
dangerous to their cause & been almost pursued to Death, 
His House & Barn have been destroyed by fire, and the little 
provision He had remaining for the Support of his family. 
Your petitioner having left his family & escaped as with the 
skin of his Teeth hope for that Assistance which your honours 
will see meet to Grant. Your petitioner supply'd the Troops 
while on duty in Frenchmans bay by the direction of Col° 
Campbell with 800 '" Beef 33 Bush' of Meal — G6 bushels of 
Potatoes & 1000 feet Boards as p"" Account, which your peti- 
tioner is, now in great want of which is the principle Cause 
of his risquing himself to Boston. Upon his Communicating 
his Intentions of Coming to this Court, he was intrusted with 
a petition which he presents with his own, also a Proclama- 
tion of the Commanding Officer of Majorbaggaduce. Your 
petitioner begs the Attention of your Honours to his distresses 
and the Circumstances of the Towns below Baggaduce and 
doubts not of Relief, And as in duty bound will Ever pray. 

John Bane 
June 1781 

Certificate in Favor John Bane. 

Number 4 May 29'" 1781 
These may Cortifie that the Subscriber being appointed to 
the Command of a Number of Militia And Continental 
Troops By Col" John Allan, for the Protection of the In- 
habitants of Frenchmans bay — I Appoint the Bearer M"" 
John Banc to Act as T'ommissary of Tssuoa for Said Troops 



268 DOCUMENTABY HISTORY 

for the Time being: lie Continued in Said Service from the 
27'' of October untill the 20"^ of December in 1780 and tliat 
During Said Service M"" Bane Supply*^ out of his Own Stores 
800 '" Beef, 33 Bushels of meal, 66 Bus'^ Potatoes & Delliv"' 
as Rations by him to Said Troops, And that he the Said 
Bane was at the Expense of Baking Bread for 18 men and 
his kitchen improv*^ as a Gard house for the Same Is^umber 
of Said Troops, that he further Furnish'^ one thousand of 
Bords, T Further Certifie that as Commanding officer Give 
Order for the Issuing Said Provision to Said Troops Ac- 
cording to the Returns, that JVP Bane having his House 
Burn'' By the Enemy Informs me he has Lost said Returns 
and his appointment by me Alex : Campbell 

Daniel Merit to James Avery. 

Number Four 30*^ May 1781.— 
S' 

You will please to prefer the Pettition we have committed 
to your care to the Governor & Council, at the same time you 
will use your utmost endeavours to have the Matter Comply'd 
with. M"" John Bane is equally concern'd in pursuing this 
Business with you, and we Strongly Recommend that you 
both Act in Conjunction. — We Rely on your Candour & 
good Conduct in pursuing this Affair as you are fully Ac- 
quainted with the most Minute Circumstances Respecting 
this Country — Wishing you a good Passage and a safe 
Return I am with Esteem your Friend. — By order & in be- 
half of the Convention Daniel Merit Moderator 

N : B : You are Likewise Desired to use the utmost of 
your Endeavours to Obtain a Grant of the Arms & Ammu- 
nition for the Millitia as Express'd in the 5*'' Resolve of the 
Convention; a Copy of which is herewith Deliver'd you. 

[to] James Avery Esq"^ 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 26'J 

Rcsoluiions of Several Easlern Towns. 

At a Convention of the Committees of the several Towns 
East of l^nion River held at Col° Allexand"" Campbells 
Dwelling House in Number Four on the 28th day of LFay 
A: D: 1781 Present Capt: Stephen Smith Delegate for Ma- 
chias, M"" Daniel Merrit, Capt: John Bucknam & M"" Richard 
Coffin full Committee for Pleasant River; Capt: Joseph 
Wallis, Capt: William Nickels & Capt: John Small S^ full 
Committee for Narrowguegus ; IVP Terah Sprague, IVP John 
Yeaton, & M"" Samuel Weakfield, full Committee for Number 
Four ; — M"" Thomas Hill & M"" Daniel Wright part of Com- 
mittee for Gouldsborough ; & M"" John Bane S*" in behalf of 
the Committee of Frenchman's Bay. — Voted as follows Viz' 

1"' Voted J\P Daniel Merrit Moderator 

2^ Voted — James Noonan — Clerk — 

3'"y Voted — Unanimously that there Shall be a Pettition 
Drawn & Transmitted to his Excellency the Governor & the 
other Branches of Legislature of the Common Wealth of 
Massachusetts, Setting forth the Situation of the Eastern 
Country. 

4""^ Voted That M"" Daniel Merrit, Capt : Stephen Smith, 
Col" Allexand"" Campbell, M"" John Bane Sr & James Noonan 
bo a Committee to Draw Said Pettition. 

Meeting Adjourn'd 'till Tuesday 29^" day of May A: D: 

1781 at Eight of the Clock A: M:— 

Tuesday 29'" day of May A: D: 1781 Convention Met 
according to Adjournment, the Pettition being Read & ducly 
Examin'd & Accepted, came into the following Resolutions. 
Vw: 

1"' Resolved Unanimously Tliat the said Pettition Shall 
be Transmitted to the Legislature ol" lliis Commonwealth as 
quick as may be. 



270 



DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 



2'"'' Voted & Resolved Unanimously That the said Petti- 
tion Shall be presented & prefer'd by M"" John Bane S*" of 
FrenchMan's Bay, & James Avei-y Esq' of Machias. 

3'"'' Resolved That the Moderator of this Convention 
Shall Sign Instructions for the Proceedings of the said John 
Bane & James Avery. 

4**"^ Resolved, That the Clerk of this Meeting Shall 
Serve the said John Bane & James Avery with a Copy of the 
Doings of this Meeting. 

5thiy Resolved, That the Legislature of this Common 
Wealth be Pettition'd to Grant for the Militia of the Several 
Districts, Eighty Stands of Arms or as many as they may 
think proper. Together with Three Hundred Pounds of 
Powder and Six Hundred Pounds of Balls. 

6'*"^ Resolved, That there Shall be a Company of Minute 
men, consisting of Forty Persons Raised in the several Towns 
& Districts. 

Ythiy Xhat the Committees of the several Towns Shall 
Publish the Resolves of Congress Respecting the Suppression 
of holding Correspondence with the Enemy. 

8""'^ Resolved, That the Chairman or Moderator of this 
Convention shall write to Col° Foster to have his Regiment 
in as good order on any Immergency as the Circumstances 
of the Country will Admit, and that he be made Acquainted 
that this Convention have thought it a prudent Measure for 
the Security of the Country that a Minute Company out of 
the Militia may be Raised between Frenchmans Bay & 
Pleasant River inclusive, & for that purpose have made choice 
of Thomas Parrot of Number Four for Captain, Daniel 
Merrit J"" of Pleasant River for first Lieu* & John Bane J*" 
of FrenchMan's Bay for Second Lieu* to Consist of Forty 
Men Officers included, & Recommend that he give the Neces- 
sary orders Accordingly for the Raising said men 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 271 

9^^^^ Resolved, That no cue Committee of the several 
Districts shall act upon any Publick matter of Importance 
without consulting or Informing the whole of the Committees 
thereof. 

Continued & Adjouraed to the last Tuesday in July next 
Ensuing to be held at Capt : Joseph Wallis's Dwelling House 
in Xarrowguegus at Ten of the Clock A : M : 
Number Four 30^'' May 1781. 

a True Copy Attest James Noonan Clerk 



Memorial of James Sullivan. 

To the Honourable the Senate, and The Honourable The 
House of Representatives of the Common Wealth of 
Massachusetts in General Court Assembled 
The memorial of James Sullivan, most humbly Repre- 
sents, that upon the Sixteenth Day of March last one Daniel 
Sullivan (a Brother to your Memorialist) & who was the 
Commander of a Company of Militia in the County of Lin- 
coln, and had his residence near the Lines of the Enemy, 
there, was Surpri/x'<l in the night Time by the Enemy — his 
House with all it contained reduced lo ashes, and himself 
carried a Prisoner to New York, Whereby his Family Con- 
sisting Principally of young Children, was then rendered, 
and as yet remain destitute of a shelter from the Weather, 
juid of X'ictujds, oi- clothing, aii<l what renders their Calamity 
Still more «listressing, and insupportable is, that they are 
placed in tin uncultivated part of the country, where the Con- 
stant depredations of the Enemy, added to the usual Scarcity 
of Provisions, renders the people in their Vicinity unable to 
give them any Considerable i-clicf. 

Your memorialist upon application finds, that (^ongress, 
nor their Commissary of Prisoners can Exchange any one 



272 I>OCUJIE^'TAKY JIISTOKY 

for him, because he was not a Continental officer, and upon 
application to the Supreme Executive of this State, is in- 
formed, that there is an Act of the Legislature in Existence, 
and lately made, which puts it out of the Power of the Gov- 
ernor and Council to Exchange a British Subject for one of 
their own, although the Britian is taken by the Private force 
of this Common Wealth ; from which Circumstances your 
memorialist is induced thus to Trouble your Honours, and 
while he feels himself distressc<l for the unhappy Sufferer 
who is the Subject of this Petition, he is Still more affected 
to find, that as the Exchange of Prisoners is to be con- 
ducted by the above mentioned Act, the Subjects of this 
State when taken are in all probability doomed to a mis- 
erable Existence in a Prison ship, an Idea so Exceeding dis- 
tressing and replete with horror, will most certainly induce, 
every one who lives in an invaded part of the Government 
to make his Peace with the Enemy, or to remove himself to a 
place of Security ; the Consequence of Either of which will 
be fatal to the Country — 

Your memorialist is obliged further to add, that while 
others in that County more Cautious than the above men- 
tioned Prisoner, Either made their Peace with the Enemy, 
or removed to places of safety, he was on all occasions head- 
ing the Militia in his Vicinityj to repel their hungry and 
vindictive outrages, and this alone could induce them, to make 
one of no higher rank than a Captain the sole object of an 
Expedition. 

Upon the whole matter your Memorialist does most humbly 
pray, that your Honours, as an Encouragement to others to 
behave with similar faithfulness and bravery, and in pity 
to a Suffering Family would direct his Exchange to be Ef- 
fected in some way or other 

James Sullivan 
31stof May 1781 



OF TILE STATE OF MAINE 273 

Memorial of Plantations in Eastern Country. 

To His Excellency the Governor, the Hon"* Senate, & Hon"'* 
House of Representatives of the Common Wealth of 
Massachusetts in General Court Assembled ; 
The Representation of the Committees of the Several Plan- 
tations between FrenchMan's Bay & Machias inclusive — 
Humbly Shews — 

That we apprehend it our Indispensible duty (at every 
opertunity) to Represent the particular Situation, & Cir- 
cumstances of the Inhabitants Eastward of Major Bag^^^a- 
duce, Having an Opertunity of Perusing the Different Re- 
solves Passed by your Excellency & Honors Respecting the 
Security of this Country, humbly begs leave to Return our 
Grateful Acknowledgements for the Support Granted, as 
well as many others of a Similer Mature heretofore, and it is 
our earnest Desire that we may Conduct ourselves under our 
unhappy Situation becoming the True Subjects of this Com- 
mon Wealth, so as ever to mcrrit your Excellency & Honor's 
approbation & Esteem, & (Jordially begs leave to Assure 
your Excellency & Honors, that it is our full Determination 
to persevere in the cause of our Country untill the last Ex- 
tremity, it may be Needless to enter into a Particular De- 
tail of Matters, as your Honors are fully Sensible of our 
Situation, that so long as the Britains holds their Garrison 
at BagAvaduce, the Inhabitants Eastward are Reduced to the 
most Dangerous Circumstances, both in their persons & prop- 
erty, as well as the Publick Deprived of the advantage of a 
most Valuable part of the Common Wealth. Still we ap- 
pi-chend the Troo[)s order'd to be Raised, properly Supported, 
will 1)C Sufficient (witli the exertions of the Millitia) for the 
present Defence of the Country, were they Raised & Ready 
for Duty; with this Addition, which we earnestly beg leave 
to Observe, That Two or Three Armed ^^essels may be Ob- 

18 



274 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

tained for the purpose of Cruising this Shore, between Fal- 
mouth & Machias; & which we apprehend wou'd be of the 
utmost consequence towards the Security & Protection of 
the Country, as it may Deter Persons from holding Corre- 
spondence with the Enemy, & of consequence Discourage the 
Enemy from Offering that Freedom of Communication & 
the Lumber Trade, which they so Earnestly thirst after, & 
which at present we are unable to prevent, we wou'd further 
give it as our opinion at least one half of the Troops may be 
Station'd at Frenchman's Bay. — as the Inhabitants, we ap- 
prehend, are most Exposed as being Contagious to the Enemy, 
some of whom have severely felt the Resentment of British 
Tyranny & Oppression by Destruction & Burning. — That 
Six or Eight Whale Boats may be obtain'd & sent, will be of 
Essencial Service for Transporting the Troops (so Station'd 
at FrenchMan's Bay) from Harbour to Harbour & to Act in 
Conjunction with the Troops at Machias. 

We cannot omit Observing further to your Excellency & 
Honors, that we think it will be very Difficult to Raise any 
men in this Country, at least a very Small proportion, & 
hopes your Honors may have no Dependance; but that the 
men may be Raised & Sent from the Westward for our Se- 
curity. Upon the whole we beg leave to Rest the matter 
with your Excellency & Honors & Humbly pray you may 
take our case into your most Serious Consideration and Grant 
Support According to your Wonted Goodness, as Speedy, & 
in that way & Manner your Excellency & Honors may think 
fit. For any further Particulars we beg leave to refer you 
to M*" John Bane & James Avery Esq"" on whom we rely & 
to whom we have given our Instructions to prefer the same. — • 
N. B. We apprehend it may be necessary to Inform your 
Excellency & Honors, that the Subscribers were Conveined 
at the Motion & Particular Recommendation of Col" John 
Allan, for the purpose of Communicating some matter of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



275 



Importance Kespecting the Safety of the Country & are so 
liappy as to have liis Coincidence in the several Matters Ex- 
pressed in the foregoing Representation. 

Stephen Smith for Machias 

Daniel Merit for Pleasant river 

Richard Coffin 

John Bncknam 

William Nickels 

John Small 

Joseph Walles 



C^oni"^^ for 
Narrouguegus 

Terah Sprague 
Sam" Wakfield 
John Yeaten 

Daniel Wright 
Thomas Hills 



C'om : for 
ISTnmber Four 

Com : for 
Gouldsborough 



John Bane for FrenchMan's Bay 

Memorial of Eastern Towns. 

To the Hon""" Senate & House of Representatives of the Com- 
monwealth of Massachusetts in general Court assembled 

April 26'*' 1781 
The Memorial of the Representatives of the Several Towns 
in the Counties of York, Cumberland & Lincoln Humbly 
Shews that by a Resolution of the General Court passed in 
March 1780 Six Hundred Men were ordered to be Inlisted 
or detached from said Counties to serve Eight Months in 
Defence of that part of the Commonwealth that a Bounty of 
one Hundred Dollars only in old continental Currency was 
allowed <& paid out of the publick Treasury to each Soldier 
who engaged in said Service & by Reason thereof the several 
Towns in said Counties or the Individuals thereof were 
obliged to advance & pay out of their own Pockets largo 
Sums of Money as [Jountics to engage the Soldiers for said 
service then Relying upon it that other parts of the Com- 
monwealth would be called upon to perform similar Services 



27G DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

but thej find that the average Price of the Bounties given by 
the several Towns to the Six Months & Three Months Sol- 
diers is to pass to the Credit of the several Towns who pro- 
cured them & that the Amount of the Average Price 
of said Bounties is to be assessed upon the Common- 
wealth at large in which case the several Towns in said 
Counties after having paid the Bounties given to the 
Soldiers to serve in Defence of the Eastern Country out 
of their own Pockets will be compelled to Contribute 
equally with other parts of the Commonwealth in paying the 
Bounties given to the said Six Months & Three Months Sol- 
diers who were chiefly procured from the other parts of the 
Commonwealth which in the Opinion of your Mem°^ is man- 
ifestly contrary to the Rules of Justice & Equality & will 
bring an insupportable Burden of Taxes upon said Counties 
Wherefore your Mem°^ pray for such an Exemtion in the 
Assessment of the average Price of the Bounties given to the 
said Six Months & Three Months Soldiers as the Rules of 
Justice & Equality require or that Relief may be granted 
in such other way as the Court in their wisdom shall think 
just & reasonable & your Mem"^ as in Duty bound will ever 

pray kc 

Ezra Taylor Simon Frye 

Jn° Frost Sol. Lombard 

John Hills Stephen Hall 

Edw"* Grow Tho^ Cutts 

W" Lithgow Nath' Wells 

CoP Reed 

Roht. Pagan to Dr. Nathaniel Coffin. 

Campbell Town Penobscot 4^'" June 1781 
Dear Sir 

I send this to Dear Island in hopes of its being Convey'd 

To you from Thence — \ It's intention is To Inform ^-ou that 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 277 

I have Eeoeived from your friends at Bristol Sundry articles 
ihe Effects of your Deceased Brother Francis, which I am 
Desir'd To Deliver To you or your order, and they are noAV 
with me Keady To be Deliver'd when you Think proper To 
Send for them — Altho I Should meet with an opportunity 
of forwarding them To you which ])y the way I have not the 
Least prospect of, yet I would by no Means Choose To Do 
it, as I Learn from one of our Sailors Lately a Prisoner in 
Falmouth, that Some Little ]\[atters Sent from this for family 
use To Some of our friends, have been Siz'd and appropriated 
by the Captors To their own use. I am Too well acquainted 
with the disposition of the good People of Falmouth To 
Think that there are Many there who would be guilty or 
approve of Such unfeeling & Low Lif'd Eobery, yet while 
that Man Can do So unpunished, I am determined not To 
put your property in his power without your orders. And as 
T have no Doubt you Can gett Liberty from those in power 
with you To Send here for the property above Mentioned, T 
would advise your doing So, and I am Confident General 
Campbell will have no objections to my Delivering it To your 
order — "[With affectionate Compliments To Mrs Coffin & 
all My ^Yorthy Falmouth friends I am Dear Sir, your frierul 
k Humble Seiw' 

RoV Pagan 
Doctor iSTathaniel CoflSn — Falmouth — 



Petition of Selectmen of Buxton, 

His Exelency the Governor L' Governor Senate & house of 
Representatives For the Common Wealth of ^fassa- 
chusetts Bay In General Court Assembled 
We the l*etitioner8 In behalf of the Town of Buxton 

humbly Sheweth that we are apprehensive of a Disproportion 



278 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

of Taxes by some Means or other, as evidently apears by 
estates of an equal value In our JSTeighbouring Towns, One 
third more at Least, is Lain upon estate of equal Value in 
this Town than in Scarbor" or Gorham, our next adjacent 
Towns, as we have often made the Comparison by Rate Bills, 
the error we Conceive to be in Valueation of Towns, we have 
hither too bore the burthen patiently as we expected a More 
eaquallity at the Settlement of our Last Valueation, but find- 
ing a Continueance think it doing Justice to our Constituents 
to Petition to authority for Relief, whose Justice we are ever 
willing to Submit. We Conceive the Hon^'® Court To be 
perfectly Acquainted with the Punctuallity of the Town in 
Its Proportion of men hitherto Sent for the Relief of our 
Country Since the Commencement of the Present war with 
Britain, & that five more men Entred the Ser^dce of their 
Country in the Late three Year Service than the Towns pro- 
portion who Servd as faithful Soldiers in their Countrys 
Cause during their Term, Thi'ee of which engaged for the 
duration of the War, who from the Latest accounts (which 
is not many months past) Were In Actual Service, Two 
more have within this Year past engagd In the Service for 
the duration of the war, one of which has been a great Cost 
to the Town, and in Consequence of the Resolve of Court of 
the 2^ Decem"" Last we have Raised Seven more & Sent for- 
ward to the Army ]S[ine being our proportion According to 
the Schedule, If the above mentioned Circumstances To- 
gather with Past deficiencies of other towns Respecting their 
proportion of men Can in any way Mittigate our Deficiency 
which is but two, we willingly Leave it with Authority to 
determine. In behalf of the Town of Buxten 

Jn° Woodman | 

Jacob Bradbury / Select Men 

John Smith / 

Buxton Q'"" June 1781 



OF THE STATE OF IVFATNE 279 

Report on Exchange of Sullivan. 

Commonwealth Massachusetts 

In House Representives June 9, 1781 
The Committee on the Memorial of James Sullivan Esq"" 
ask Leave to Report their Oppinion that it is not in the 
Power of this Court to Effect the Exchange of S^ Sullivana 
Brother Now Prisoner in New York in a Regular Way — 
But Reeomend to S*^ James Sullivan Esq"" to Appley to the 
Marean Board that they would Send a Flag to New York 
With a Person of Equal Rank with Capt Sullivan (the 
Prisoner) for his Exchange 
read & accepted 

Resolve in Favor Town of Buxton. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In House of Representatives June 11 1781 

Resolved that the Committee of Supplies be & here by are 

directed to deliver to Jacob Bradbury representative of the 

Town of Buxton five Blankets for the use of four Soldiers 

Inlisted from s"* Town of Buxton & one soldier lulisted from 

the Town of Peperelborough for three years — 

Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
In Senate June 12'*^ 1781 

Read & Concurred 

S Adams Presi*^' 

Approv'd John Hancock 

Resolve in Favor John Magray. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In House of Representatives Juno 11, 1781 
On the Petition of John Magray of Yarmouth in the 
Province of Nova Scotia seting forth that his two mast 



280 DOCUMENTARY HISTOIiY 

Shallop has been seized at Marblehead, that he has been 
friendly to the American Cause & Prisoners, praying that 
said Shallop may be restored and that he may have a permit 
to go with her to Yarmouth & return to this market with 
fish &c 

Resolved that the prayer of the Petition be so far granted 
that it be & hereby is recommended to the !Naval Officer at 
Marblehead to restore s,^ Shallop to the s*^ John Magray, his 
paying the Charges that may have arisen, and that he have 
leave to proced with her to Yarmouth in !N^ova Scotia, carry- 
ing with him no Articles except Necessary Stores for the 
Voyage, and that he do not return with any effects to this 
Commonwealth except he bring with him his family to re- 
main an Inliabitant. And the Commanders of All Armed 
Vessels and others belonging to this Commonwealth are here- 
by directed to suffer s"^ Magray to pass with his Shallop un- 
molested, and it is hereby recommended to the Commanders 
of all Vessels belonging to the United States or any of them 
to let the s^ Magray pass as aforsaid without hindrance 
Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
In Senate June IS''' 1781 
Read & Concurred 

S Adams Presi''* 
Approv'd John Hancock 



Petition in BeJialf of Towns of Brunswick and Harpswell. 

To the Hon'"^ the Senate and Hon''''' House of Representatives 
of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General Court 
Assembled at Boston 
The Petition of Samuel Dunkan in behalf of the Town 

of Brunswick, and of Isaac Snow in behalf of the Town of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 281 

Harpswell in the County of Cumberland Humbly Shews, 
That the Resolves of the fourth of December last requiring 
the said Towns to furnish their Quota of Beef for the Con- 
tinental Army, did not reach them till the last day of January 
last, which was some time after the time was expired for 
furnishing the one half, and at the time when they had notice, 
there was no Beef to be had among them at any rate ; It was 
also out of their Power to Advance Money in liew of said 
Beef, being out of Cash, neither could they hire money of 
any person tho.' they used their Endeavours to Obtain it. 

That the said Towns have been and still are in very dis- 
tressing Circumstances on Account of the Scarcity of Pro- 
visions, as well as by reason of the Enemies being so near 
them, so that they cannot send any thing to Market to make 
money of, and especially the Town of Brimswick, was so 
distressed that they could not but Partially Comply with the 
Resolve passed in September last, And now are liable to 
have Executions issued against the said Towns. 

Your pef therefore humbly prays this Hon'''® Court will 
be pleased to take their Case into your Compassionate con- 
sideration, and be pleased to Abate to them some part of the 
Beef required, and that Executions may be suspended for the 
present, or relieve them in such way as your Honors in your 
laiown Wisdom may see meet. And as in duty bound shall 

pray &c 

Sam' Dunkan Isaac Snow 
June 12'^ 1781 

Commonwealth of Massachussetts 

In the House of Representatives June 1781 

On the petition of Samuel Duncan in behalf of the Town 

of Brunswick, & of Isaac Snow in behalf of the Town of 

Harpswell in the County of Cuml)erland — praying that tho 

Superintendant for purchasing beef in the Common Wealth 



282 DOCUMENTAEY HISTOEY 

of Massachusetts be directed to Suspend Issuing his Execu- 
tions, against the Towns of Brunswick and Harpswell for 
not Complying with the Resolutions of Court v^ith Respect 
to furnishing their Quota of beef for the Continental Army 
for Reasons Sett forth in Said petition. 

Resolved that the Superintendaut for purchasing beef in 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts be directed, to Suspend 
Isuing his Executions against the Towns of Brunswick & 
Harpswell, for not furnishing their proportion of beef for 
the Continental Army till the further Order of the Court. 



Selectmen of Boothhay to Genl. Court. 

To the Honourable the Senate k House of Representitives In 
General Court assembled. 
May it please your Honours, The inroads and depreda- 
tions almost daily Committed by the Enemy in this town last 
spring, wearied out the Inhabitants keeping guards by turns 
as our Settlement is much scattered, therefore necessity 
obliged us as a town to Vote twenty men to be raised, (which 
was immediately done, for defence of this seemingly devoted 
place, they were officer'd out of the Militia and Served for 
the term of one month, which was the time Voted for, we 
obliged ourselves to pay each man so serving Two pounds 
Eight Shillings p"" Month, Wages, and a Sum of two pounds 
Eight Shillings p'' Month for subsistance, not knowing the 
regulation provided for the Militia in such cases, and as the 
said men were often on different tours, it was thought best 
there Should be one Capt° & one Lieut, who when occasion 
required had Seperate Commands and Could have assistance 
from the Inhabitants if Called upon, in case of Superiour 
opposition, We have sent your Honours a Roll of the Com- 
pany likewise an account of the time & charge of Some 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 283 

people who have been on guard in the most unfavorable 
Wether we had for the Season, tho it is a small proportion of 
time on duty mentioned in respect to what we have in realit}' 
served, yet if your honours thinks proper to allow us pay 
therefor it will help us to pay the Expences we were at for 
necessaries in the Cold & Wett, thus hoping your honors will 
cast a favourable glance on our performances, pardoning 
what we have erred in for lack of knowledge accepting our 
duty so far as we have done any, and grant Such help for 
paying the Charges above mentioned as your Wisdom Shall 
direct and your petitioners as in duty bound Shall ever pray 

John Allen Samuel Adams [ Selectmen 
Boothbay June 16'*^ 1781, 



Letter Col. Allan. 

Machias June 16"^ 1781 
Sir 

My last which I had the Honor of writing your Excellency 

was of the 7*^^ Ult° from on board the French Frigate, the 

Suddenness of her Departure prevented my being so explicit 

as I coud wish — sence which no Certain safe opportunity has 

offered, — the Disappointment in the Frigates not geting to 

Passamequody I have greatly felt, Cap* Le Peruse Intended 

to have given the Indians Provisions & other Presents, which 

wou'd have been of very Assential Service at this Time in 

the Alteration taken Place in the Department: — The 17"" 

the Ship Marrs Came into the Hearbour, I requested of the 

Captain to Run Down to Passamequody, as it wou'd be 

Serviceable both in the Indian business, as well as a Check 

to the Illicit Trade & the Enemys Privatiers — on our arrival 

we were Visited by a Number of the Indians, who were much 

satisfy'd with the Appearenco of the Ship and the Treatment 



284 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

they Received, — tlie 22*^ the Marrs proceeded on her Cruize, — 
I mett the Indians in Conference the 25"" Acquainted them 
what had heen done with the Department, I found a Gloom 
& Coldness that I had not been Accustomed with, — they 
signify'd that they were hardly Delt with, & that as they had 
left their own River they shou'd be allowed something more, 
— and that they were not prepared for Trade, their Time 
having been Devoted for the Defence of the Country — I 
Endeavoured to soothe them for the present, and we agreed 
to meet in a Short Time, — having some ISTecessary business 
I returned to Machias the 26*'' — The 1'* Ins' Dispatch'd off 
the Priest, allso Major Stillman to whome I gave Instruc- 
tions in v/hat meathod to Trade with the Indians, I have allso 
sent Lieu* Delesdernier with his family to Settle Down with 
them — his ability and Friendship with them, I flatter myself 
will be of the greatest Utility The Priest I allso Propose 
to keep there the most of his Time, — I shall sett out myself 
as soon as I gete the Vessell away & Continue till I hear 
from the Westward — I woud allso mention that a Number 
of Indians which I expected from S* John Six Weeks ago, 
are not arrived, what is the Reason I Cannot find out, — 
•[I mentioned in my last letter to your Excellency the im- 
practability of Raising a Company of Men in this Country, 
add to this not an}' Money has Come Down nor any thing 
mentioned for Bounty — But as I Conceiv'd the Determina- 
tion of Government to have men here, the Urgent Necessity 
for some persons to Assist in my business, as well as the 
Care of the Fort, I took upon me to Offer a Bounty of Twelve 
Guineas to such as woud Inlist During the War, Those to the 
31^' December a Suit of Cloaths — Giving the former an 
obligation in form of a Certificate & Promisary Note for the 
Payment, — I have Inlisted Six During the War who had 
been in the serv'ice before, & am in hopes of some more, — 
but the greatest difficulty is, I have made many promises & 



or THE STATE OF MAINE 285 

Engagements from time to time with the people thro' the 
Country, most of which I have not had in ni}' power to ful- 
fill — they are now Jealous of Deseption, and the 111 affected 
taking the Opportunity Discourages many that woud En- 
gage — the Necessity we are under most of the Time to 
borrow Provisions, (which we do often under the greatest 
Disadvantage & Expence in Necessity & Distress) Discour- 
ages people allso from Engageing — Permit me Therefore 
to propose to your Excellency, if it is expected that any part 
of these Men be raised in the Eastern C-ountry — That the 
Provisions, Bounty and Cloathing for them be sent here, By 
which Thirty men might be raised Eastward of Penobscott 
during the War, but no dependence of any more — the others 
must be got more Westward, — -I must further Recommend 
& Request of your Excellency that some Active Experienced 
Military Person, may be sent here for the ( .ommand of the 
Company, to ha\e the immediate Care of Fort Gates, at least 
in my Absence, — my reason for this is such that I am Possi- 
tive it will be Useful! to the Public Service, I am more 
pressing in Troubling your Excellency on this, as there is a 
Number of Officers not in Actual Service, — I presume it 
might be as well as to appoint a New One, which probable 
may be difficult, to procure this way that wou'd Answer the 
purpose, nor do I Chuse any with me shou'd take such a 
Charge, — "[We Labour under very great difficultys in not 
having Provisions this Spring — five barrells of Beef & 
Pork with the flour was all, & that Towards what was ordered 
by Government last fall, nctt a bit of any thing has Come 
for the ])reRent Troops- - the (-orn for the Indians I have 
l)cen obliged to take ])art to Refund some that there was no 
Possibility of Evcting, — and have for 4 Weeks past pro- 
cured meat otherwise for tlu; pcoph; in the Service, — I find 
a (^iinntity of Provisions has (\)nie in the Neashquowoitc, 
but mostly to pay Debts Contracted before my Command, — 



286 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

We have at present persons Emploj'd on different busi- 
ness in the Department, that Consumes about Thirty five 
Rations Daily, besides many other Contingent Demands 
which a Department like this Can no way Avoid — at present 
only about 1200 "' flour for the whole — the Indians allso 
must have some, if it is not allowed to give them when they 
are in upon business & Something for Services, the Indian 
Interest will Certainly i)e lost, nor is it in my Power to Trans- 
act matters. If I am not Enabled to give them something — 
Amunition I have given Considerable, as in their Situation 
they cou'd not Subsist without, — I must again take the 
Liberty to mention, that by procuring things here in the man- 
ner I am obliged to x\ccamulate the Expence of the Depart- 
ment far beyound then if regularly supply'd, and takes up 
great part of my Time that shou'd be Employ'd otherwise, — 
your Excellency from this may form a Judgment of the 
State of the Department & hope some Provisions may, as 
allso Powder be sent, — Balls there is Sufficient, — The 
Musquets here are mostly unfit for Service having no 
Armour, — I have sent Several to the Militia, as allso the 
Indians, — the latter I expect not to get back. Consequently 
will want some small Arms, — I must allso request that some 
Extra Provisions & Ammunition may be sent, for the Indians 
Bussiness: — ^[In Respect of !News, the Enemy seems to 
Lye still at Baguaduce, the French Frigate, the Marrs, & 
some Privatiers from ISTewbury Calling in here at different 
Times, has been of the most Material Service, in keeping 
the Coast Clear of the Euemys Privatiers, — ^ Nothing has 
happened since some Vessells Avere loaded at Frenchmans 
Bay, tho' a Constant Correspondence is keep'd up by some 
as far as that Place — |As I found there was a great Jarr 
among the different Districts Occationed by the disaffected, 
I sent Circular letters to the Several Committees to Meet to 
Consult for the safety of the Country, one principle View 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 287 

was to get them Join'd togeatlier and Try to find out where 
the Evil lay — they accordingly Mett, but myself being with 
the Indians near the Time & the weather proving Unfavour- 
able, did not reach them, till they had near done & some had 
gone oS. I suppose your Excellency may by this Time 
heard the perticulars — There appeared something of a Con- 
tridictiou in the Signing which them Preasent were Sencible 
of, tho' coud not be altered, Capt ISTickels of Narraguagus 
stood impeach'd by the Committee of Machias, & in the 
present address was pemiitted to be a Signer, without any 
thing appearing to Palliate the Crime before alledg'd against 
him, Probable they will give your Excellency satisfaction 
thereon — there were several Resolves pass'd which if duely 
Execeuted must be of great Service to the Country — T[ No 
Intillegence of any Consequence from Nova Scotia, any more 
then their Avacuating all their out Posts in the Province 
Except Fort Cumberland, & Fort How, the former Cap' 
Bums & 20 Men, the latter Major Studholm & about 60 
Men. — Endeavouring to geather all Possible in Halifax, — 
•' I must noAv beg liberty to Solicit your Excellency's Per- 
mission to go Westward, I have ranged every matter for the 
Security of the Different parts, as well as things Can Admit, 
which may for a Short time Ans\ver as well without me as 
either The Various business I have been Intrusted with, the 
length of Time, the Keform of the Department in regard to 
Indians, the Uncertainty of Conveyances, and the Desire I 
have of giving every satisfaction During my Stewartship both 
in my ace'* and proceedings, makes it absolutely Necessary 
tliat I should be present myself — I have Matters to Com- 
municate to your Excellency — to Gen' Washington on affairs 
Intrusted by him — and to the Hon'''^ Congress — My being 
appoinhjd to the Military ( oinmaiid prc\'cnts my going with- 
out your Excellcncys Pennissioii, Must Therefore plead your 
Indulgence therein to grant Permission as soon as Possible, 



288 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

shoii'd it not be Incompatable with public service, — T^r. 
Avery who will be the Bearer of this, has Resigned His Office 
as Secretary in this Department, But from his known In- 
tegrity I have Gote him to Continue as my Agent, till my 
Arrival in Boston. He will be able to Communicate any 
pertieulars, your Excellency may want to know. Tf I have 
the Honor to Be with the most Profoimd Respect TfYour 
Excellencys Most Obd' Very Hbb' Serv* 
June 21^' J Allan 

Last night an Express from Passamaquody that Twenty 
Canoes of Indians Arrived from S* Johns Expect a number 
more soon. 

In Senate July 3 1781 

Read & sent down S Adams Presid* 

His Excellency John Hancock. 

Resolve on Petition of John Bane. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives June 18, 1781 
On the Petition of John Bane, Resolved that the Com- 
missary Gen' of this Commonwealth deliver s*^ Bane Eight 
hundred weight of Salted Beef & Sixty Six Bushel of In- 
dian Corn or the Value of s"* Corn in Flour or rice in Con- 
sideration of S*^ Banes haveing Supply"* the Troops of this 
State Under the Command of Co' Campbel, at Frenchmans 
Bay with the Aifors** quantity of Provision as Appears by 
Col° Campbels Certificate Nath Gorham Speaker 

Sent up for concurrence 

In Senate June 18'" 1781 
Read & Concurred 

S Adams Presi''' 
Approv'd John Hancock. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 289 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To John Bane B' 
For Rations Supply'd Troops while on Duty in French- 
man's Bay from the 27'*' October to the 20''' of December 
1780.— 

To 800 "^ Beef 33 Bushels of Meal £ 

To 66 Bushels of Potatoes 1000 feet Boards j^ £ 

To my Service as Assistant Commissary of Issues from ) 
the 27^'^' October to the 20*'' of December A. D. 1780—} £ 

is One Month & 24 Days a p"" month — 



Petition in Behalf Town of Berwick, and Resolve. 

To the Honourable Senate and House of Representatives in 
Generall Court assembled June 21 1781 

the petetion of John Hill in behalf of the town of Berwick 
in the County of York Humbly Shews that their is a Sum of 
mony Due to Said town from this Commonwealth for the 
wages of those Soldiers who Served the Last year in the De- 
fence of the Eastern parts thereof under the Command of 
Generall Wadsworth which Sum the Said towns appropriated 
for the purpose of procuring or paying the Second Requesi- 
tion of Beef Laid on Said town and whereas the Superintcnd- 
ant of pui-cliascs is Directed to Issue Executions against 
Delii)'|uont towns who have not Complied with Said Requesi- 
tions your petcitioucr therefore llund)ly prays that the treas- 
urer may be Imeadiately Directed to pay what is due on the 
pay Rolls for the aforesaid men or that the town may be 
Discharged from the P)urth(!ii of an Execution untill the 
treas"" is Impowered to pay the same when the town has 
Really advanced the mony for this Commonwealth before 
the Rcqucsition was made Sufficient to purchase the Beef or 

10 



290 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

that the town may be Discharged from the aforesaid Requesi- 
tion in some other way as your Honours in your Great wis- 
dom may think Best and your petetioner as in Duty Bound 

will Ever Pray 

John Hill 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives June 23 1781 
On the petition of John Hill in behalf of the Town of 
Berwick praying that the Superintendant for purchasing 
beef may be directed to Suspend Issuing his Execution 
against the said Town of Berwick for not Furnishing their 
proportion of beef for the Army for reasons sett forth in his 
petition — Resolved that the Superintendant purchasing 
beef, be directed to Suspend Isuing his Execution Against 
the Town of Berwick till the further order of this Court 
read & not accepted 



Account of William Vaughan, and Resolve Thereon. 

State of the Account of William Vaughan Agent to the 
Estate of Abraham Clark late of a place called Machias — 
an absentee 

Paid for a Deed & recording 
Letter of Administration 
Time & Expence of the Appraisers 
Ditto of the Commissioners 
Probate Fees — in divers Instances — 
The said Agents own time — Journeying and Ex- \ 
pcnces concerning said Estate in y® whole 

£14 2 7 

Cumberland Ss. Allowed by y^ Judge of Probate for said 
County June 20 — 1781 and recorded by Sam' Freeman Reg. 



£ 5 




12 




2 3 




3 10 


7 


1 10 




I 




S 6 2 





OF THE STATE OF MAINE 291 

Accounts Accepted and Allowed. 

Common Wealth Massachusetts 

In the House Representatives June 21 1781 
Whereas it appears upon examination of the Treasurers 
Acct^ for the County of York, that all the IMonies granted & 
allowed by the Court of General Sessions of the Peace for 
Said County, from April 1780 to April 1781 was for such 
Purposes & appropriations as the Law impowerd said Court 
to grant ^ & ballance, due to the County from the said Treas- 
urer. Six pounds Nineteen Shillings, for which he is to be 
accountable ^ — therefore t Resolved that the said accounts 
be accepted & allowed 

Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
In Senate June 22 1781 

Read & Concurred with Amendment 
Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presi''' 
Dele from A to B 

In the House of Representatives June 22 1781 
Read & concurred 

N Gorham Speaker 
Approv'd John Hancock 

Petition of Juniper Berthiaume. 

To the Honorable Senate And to the Honorable The House 

of Representatives in General Court Assembled The 

22" day of June Anno Domini 1781 

The Petition of Juniper Berthiaume Recollect — Inslruc- 

tor to The Penobscot Tribe of Indians — Humbly Sheweth 

1: That Your Petitioner has been on Duty With the Indians 

Eight months past and Supported himself Chiefly and by 



292 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the request of Three of the Said "Tribe" Come to Boston 
Thej are Arrived here with me Together with an English 
Linguister to do Some business in behalf of The Rest of the 
Tribe — 

Your Petitioner Prays he May have his back Rations and 
some l^ecessarys for his Support for the future — and be 
dispatched as Soon as possible as he is required to be with the 
Tribe — 

Your Petitioner would Inform Your Honors that the In- 
dians present with me are Sober Temperate Steady — Men 
And prays they may have Good Quarters allow'd them. The 
Little while they hope to stay, And Your Petitioner as in 
Duty bound Shall Ever pray &c — 

juniper Berthiaume Recollet 



Petition of Josiah Brewer. 

To the Honorable Senate and the Honorable House of Repre- 
sentatives Assembled the 22"^ June 1781 — 
The Petition of Josiah Brewer, Truckmaster at Fort Halli- 
f ax in the County of Lincoln. ^[ Humbly Sheweth — That 
Your Petitioner on the 27''' day of September 1779. Was 
Appointed Truckmaster at Fort Halifax and has not Re- 
ceived any Pay for the Same and no more than Six Months 
Rations. He Prays he May have his pay and Rations up to 
this Time as he Stands in Great Need of them and sent to 
Fort Halifax. That your Petitioner has Furs & Skins to 
deliver the Commissary General — And Prays Your Honors 
would Order them to be Sold, In Order to furnish The Truck 
House with such Articles as the Indians Stands in need of 
— and your petitioner as in Duty bound shall Ever Pray &c. 

Josiah Brewer 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 293 

Resolve on Same, 

Commonweal til of ]\[assachiisetts 

In the House of Representatives June 27, 1781 
On the Petition of Joseph Brewer, Truck Master at Fort 
Halifax in the County of Lincoln, Praying that he may re- 
ceive his pay & Rations, and that Such Furs & Skins as he 
has, may he sold for the Benefit of the Indians there *[ Re- 
solved That the Prayer of the Petition be so far granted, as 
that the Petitioner, Col Brewer receive his back Rations, & 
that the Commissary General be & he is hereby directed to 
sell such Furs & Skins as shall be delivered to him by said 
Brewer & that the neat proceeds thereof be laid out to furnish 
the Truck House with such Articles as he shall Judge the 
Indians Stand in need of, and that the same be forwarded 
to the place aforesaid — He, the said Brewer being account- 
able for the same — 

Sent up for concurrence Nath Gorham Speaker. 

In Senate June 28^^ 1781 

Read & Concurred with Amendment at A 
at A insert, together with the Rations above mentioned 

Sent down for Concurrence S Adams Presi"^' 

In the House of Representatives June 28, 1781 
Read & concurred 

jSTath Gorham Speaker 
Approv'd John Hancock. 

Stephen Hall to Governor and Council With Resolve and 
Instructions on Same. 

Boston 23 June 1781 
The Subscril)er hiunl)ly begs leave to represent to your 
Excellency & Honors, that lately Mr. Joshua Freeman, a 
respectable Tnhal)itant & one of the Selectmen of Falm" was 



294 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

taken in a fishing Boat & carried to Bigwaduce, & is there 
held a prisoner of war by the Enemy. Application has been 
made to the Commissary of Prisoners to effect his immediate 
Exchange; but that being impracticable at present I am de- 
sired in a letter just received, to apply to your Excellency 
& Honors for a flag to enable Benj'' Woodman of Falrn" Son 
in law to s^ Freeman, to go to Bigwaduce to carry him some 
necessaries for his Comfort. 1 The Subscriber therefore 
}iumbly prays Your Excellency & Honors to grant a Flag 

for the purpose aforesaid 

Stephen Hall 

To His Excellency the Governor in Council 

In Council June 23'^ 1781 
Advised — That a Flag be granted to Benjamin Woodman 
of Falmouth Son in Law to Joshua Freeman lately captured 
and carried to the Enemy at Major baggaduce in order to 
carry said Freeman some necessaries for his comfortable 
support while in Captivity — 

Attest John Avery Sec'' 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

Council Chamber Boston June 23'' 1781 
Instructions to Benjamin Woodman appointed to the Com- 
mand of a Flag to proceed to Majorbaggaduce for the purpose 
of releiving the Xecessities of M"" Joshua Freeman lately 
captured & Carried in this you are to hoist a White Flag 
upon the Bow of your Small Boat and to continue it abroad 
]^ight and Day until the Flag returns to Falmouth You are 
to be very carefull that no small Arms of any kind be rec'd 
on Board the small Boat while she is considered as a Flag, a 
Violation of this Order may Occasion the Detention of the 
said Boat — ^ You are particularly instructed at your Peril 
not to suffer any Goods of any kind to be taken on Board 
except the necessaries you carry for the Comfortable Support 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 295 

of the said Mr. Joshua Freeman ^ Com' of Mass* Council 
Chamber Boston June 23. 1781 f Cap' Benjamin Wood- 
man T[ You being appointed to the Command of a Small 
Boat now ready to sail for the purpose of carrying necessaries 
to M'" Joshua Freeman late Captured and carried in to 
Majorbaggaduce upon your arrival with the said necessaries 
you will apply to the Commanding Officer of the Garrison 
and inform him of your Intention — You are particularly 
instructed at your Peril not to suffer any Goods of any kind 
to be taken on Board except the Articles of Cloathing etc. 
for the more comfortable support of the said M"" Joshua 
Freeman while in Captivity 



Petition of Phillip Hodghins. 

To the Hon'''^ the Senate & Hon'''^ House of Representatives 
of the Common Wealth of Massachusetts — 
I The Petition of Phillip Hodgkins of New Bristol 
Frenchmans Bay Humbly Shews — \ That some Time in 
the Month of May last Has fitted out His Small Boat or 
Shallop with Craft & stores for the Passama : quodia Fishery, 
that some Time after the Ship Mars Commanded by Cap* 
Nevins arrived at Passamaquodia and took and bought of 
said Boat together with her Appurtenances and Stores, the 
Distressed Situation of your Memorialists Family has 
obliged him to take this Journey to Boston to pray that your 
Honors would direct that his said Boat may be delivered 
to him as he lias no other Dcpcndanco for the Support of his 
Family but ])y (Jeting Fish and bringing them to Portsmouth 
or ISTewljury to purchase Corn and other Necessarys, and As 
Cap' Nevins has said lie does not wish detain any Poor Mans 
property, and is willing to follow your Honors directions 
Respecting Her, your Petitioner therefore Hiimlily prays 



296 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

that Your Honor would be pleased to direct that the said 
Boat Appurtenances & Stores may be delivered To Him 
that he may be Enabled to Support his Family, and as in 

Duty bound will ever pray — 

Philip Hodgkins 
Boston 25 June 1781 



Resolve in Favor Phillip Hodgkins. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Kepresentatives June 25. 1781 

On the Representation of Phillip Hodgkins shewing that 
in the month of May last, he fitted out his small Fishing 
Boat of about Ten Tons burden for the Passamaquodia 
Fisher)^, for the purpose of obtaining means wherewith to 
Support his family, but unfortunately she w^as not furnished 
with any papers, and for want thereof, she was taken by the 
State Ship Mars Cap^ Nevins. T[ Resolved, that the Agent 
of this Commonwealth be, and he is hereby Directed, to Re- 
store to the said Phillip Hodgkins, that part of his Boat with 
her appurtenances, and Stores, which may be in his care; 
^ and likewise Recommend to Cap* Nevins and the Crew, that 
they Relinquish all their part of Said Boat, appurtenances 
and Stores, to said Hodgkins ^ 

Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
In Senate June 25*^ 1781 

Read & Concurred with Amendment at A to B — 
Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presi"** 

Viz. dele from A to B 
In the House of Representatives June 25 1781 

Read & concurred ISTath Gorham Speaker 

Approv'd John Hancock 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 297 

Certificate. 

These Certifye that the ballance due to the Common 
Wealth from the Truck House at Fort Hallyfax is £50,000 
— exchang at 75 for 1 — exclusive of the pay & rations of 
the Truck master — 

Col Brewer has this clay Did me 300 moose skins 53 
Beaver do 64 Musquash — do 8 mink — do 300 Sable — do 
Beaver do G4 Musquash — do 8 mink — do 300 Sable — 
do — 18 Black catt — do 14 Otters — do 17 Rackon — do 4 
Fox — do 1 tis uncertain vt'hat sum the above skins will sell for 

Rich'* Devens Com^ Gen. 
Boston June 26, 1781 — To the Hon'^ Com^^^ 



Petition of Andrew Oilman. 

Common Wealth Massachusetts 

June 26''' 1781 

To the Honorable Senate, and the Honorable House of Repre- 
sentatives Assembled — 
The Petition of Andrew Oilman Lieu' And Interpreter to 
the Penobscot Tribe of Indians T[ Humbly Sheweth That 
Your Petitioner has been Some Considerable Time in the 
Service without his drawing any Pay. That at this Junc- 
ture he don't Expect to obtain Any — Your Petitioner being 
Destitute and very Bare and Almost Naked for want of 
Cloathing. He prays Your Honors would Order him some 
Convenient Cloathing out of the Cloatliing Store he to be 
accountable for The Same And also a Small Tent to Cover 
him as he is Obliged to Travil & Lodge in the Night In the 
Woods — & Your Petitioner as in Duty Bound Shall Ever 

Pray &c 

Andrew Oilman 



298 DOCUMENTAHY HISTOEY 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Eepresentatives July 2^ 1781 

on the Petition of Lieut Andrew Gilman, Interpreter to 
the Penobscot Tribe — fEesolved That the Com'*'® for pur- 
chasing Supplies be Ordered and directed to Supply the said 
Gilman with Suitable Cloathing for one of his Rank he being 
accountable for the same — 

Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 

In Senate July 2^ 1781 
Read & Concurred 

S Adams Presi"^' 
Approv'd John Hancock 



Second Petition of Chief Orino. 

To The Honorable Senate and The Honorable The House of 
Representatives, Assembled the Twenty Seventh day of 
June 1781 

The Petition of Orino Chief of the Penobscot Tribe of 
Indians Humbly Sheweth — That Your Petitioner Has the 
Chief Command of the Indians of The Penobscot Tribe 
That Your Petitioner In Nov"" 1780 — Had the Charge of 
A Number of Letters for the Mickmac S' John's and Passa- 
maquody Tribes from Your Hon^ Court To be deliverd to 
Coll' John Allen Superintendent at Machias In order to be 
Sent to those different Tribes. That Your Petitioner Was 
at the Charge of Sending those Letters, from Fort Halifax 
by Two Indians. One hundred and Fifty Miles to Mechias. 
When they Arrived There One of Them was Sent By Coll' 
Allen to the Mickmac & other Tribes Three Hundred Miles 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 299 

with Said Letters and When he Returned Coll' Allen In- 
formed him he must Apply to Your Honors for pay for his 
Trouble — 

That Your Petitioner Upon his Return was Obliged to 
Satisfie him. In Giveing him a Red Broad Cloath New 
Blanket, a Xew Blue Broad Cloath Coat & Jackett One Pair 
J^ew Broad Cloath Indian Stockings, One New Ruffled Shirt, 
One Pair New Maugasons One Gun Powder And Ball and 
Fifteen days Provision also That Your Petitioner with A 
Number of Other Indians are Deprived of Our Old Settle- 
ments at Penobscot by Reason of The Brittish having Pos- 
session there, makes it difficult for us to raise Provisions but 
are ready & Willing to Serve on Millatary Duty at all times 
if we Can be allowed to draw Each of us to the Amount of 
20 or 30 of us one Ration p day. As we are in much want 
of it, Prays Your would Grant w' in Your Wisdom Shall 
see fitt. & your Petitioner as in Duty bound Shall Ever 
Pray &c 

Mark of 

Orino \-.\ Chief Indian 



Petition of Chief Orino. 

To the Honorable Senate and to The Honorable the House of 
Representatives of the Common Wealth of Massachusets 

June 30'" 1781 
The Petition of Orino C^hief of the Penobscot Tribe of 
Indians Humbly Sheweth That Your Petitioner In the 
Course of The Last Winter was Obliged to Borrow A Small 
quantity of Provisions of Coll' Josiah Brewer & Ezekiel 
Patteo Esq"" According to the price in their Accounts. Viz* 
Twcntv five bushels of Indian Corn, One hundred & fiftv 



300 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

pounds Beef and One hundred and fifty Pounds of Pork 
and Ten Gallons of Molasses for the Support of Five Indian 
Widdows Whose Husbands Fell In Battle in the Service of 
the United States, and Some of the Tribe who were in Great 
distress for Want of Support. 

That Your Petitioner and the Rest of the Tribe being in 
Necessitous Circumstances On Account of our being drove 
from our Homes, at Penobscot makes us very Needy. And 
poor, and was not Able to do anything for the Aforesaid 
Widdows. 

Your Petitioner Prays your Excellency & Honors Would 
Grant him Wherewith to Repay the Said provision. And 
Your Petitioner as in Duty bound Shall Ever Pray &c 

The Mark 

of y,\ Orino 



Resolve in Favor of Chief Orino. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives July 2^ 1781 
Whereas Orino Chief of the Penobscot Indians ^ has Sup- 
ported his petition by Evidence, That he Supplied the Express 
sent to Machias, and from thence to the Mickmacks S* Johns 
and Passimaquaddy Tribes with the Articles set forth in his 
petition viz^ A Red broad Cloth New Blankett, a New blew 
broad Cloth Coat and Jackett one pair of New broad Cloth 
Indian Stockings, One New Ruffled Shirt, one pair of New 
Morgasons, one Gun, Powder & Ball ^Resolved That the 
Com*^^ for purchasing Supplies be Ordered and directed to 
furnish the said Orino with the aforesaid Articles. B ^ C. 
^Resolved That the Commissary of this Commonwealth be 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 301 

Ordered to supply Cap* Josiah Brewer, Triickinaster at Hal- 
ifax with Sujfficient Provisions, for him to deliver to the said 
Orino and his Tribe Thirty Rations per Day — 
Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
In Senate July 5*'^ 1781 

Read & Concurred with Amendment at A to B & at C. 

Viz at A dele from A to B — 

at C insert ''Indians." — 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presi^' 

]n the House of Representatives July 5 1781 

Read & unanimously nonconcurred 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
In Senate July 6"' 1781 

Reconsidered & Concurred as it stood originally — 

S Adams Presi''* 

Approv'd John Hancock 



Memorial of Joseph Brewer. 

To The Honorable Senate & Honorable The House of Repre- 
sentatives July 2*^ 1781 — 

The Memorial of Josiah BreM'or, Truck Master at Fort 
Halifax Humbly Sheweth. — 

That Your Memorialist, has Supplied the Indians with 
Stores on Account of the State and was Obliged to take part 
of Pay from them in paper, Old Continental Currency — to 
the Amount of About six Hundred Pounds Old Money And 
fifty foui' Dollars New Money — which Tiie (V)missary Gen- 
ci-al doiit C'huso to Receive without Orders from Your 
Honorable Court, ^'oiir IMemorialist Prays Your Honors 
Orders & He as in Duty bound Sliall Ever Pray &c — 

Josiah Brewer 



302 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Resolve on Same. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives July 1Y81 
On the Petition of Col° Josiah Brewer — Resolv'd that 
the Commissary be directed not to Receive any Money either 
of the Old Continental Currency or of the ISTew Emission, 
as it appears to your Committee that by a Resolve of the 27 
September 1779 the said Brewer had no Liberty to Sell any 
Effects belonging to the Common Wealth, only for Skins & 
Furrs & to no other Persons except Indians 



Resolve in re Disposal of Vessels. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives July 5 1781 

Whereas the Schooner l^asquoit which has been Imployed 
in the Eastern Department is an unsuitable Vessel for Said 
purpose therefore 

Resolved that M"" James Avery (who has now the care of 
Said Schooner) be & he is hereby Directed to Deliver her 
with all her Stores & appurtenances to Caleb Davis the Agent 
for this Common Wealth who is hereby Directed to sell Said 
Schooner Together with Such Stores as are not Wanted for 
publick Service, at publick Auction & pay the Money arising 
from her Sale to the Treasurer of this Common Wealth 
Takeing Duplicate Receipts for the same, M'hich Money the 
Treasurer is Directed to pay on ace' of the warrants in 
favour of Col° John Allen | and whereas the Agent affores*^ 
in obedience to the orders of the Gen' Court has fitted the 
Lincoln Galley as a Cruizer for the Eastern Coast, and it 
being Represented that the said Galley is not a Suitable Ves- 
sel for Said purpose : Resolved that on the Return of Said 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 303 

Galley to the Harbour of Boston the Agent affores^ be & he 
is hereby directed to Exchange her (Either by Sale or other- 
wais as he shall Judge Most for the Intrest of the Common 
Wealth, for a More Suitable Vessell to Carry not more than 
Eight or Less than four three or four pound Cannon — and 
his Excellency the Governor with advice of Councell is here- 
by Requested to give Such Orders to the armed Vessels of 
this Common Wealth as he shall Judge Necessary for the 
Suport of the post at Machias 

Sent up for concurrence 

Nath. Gorham Speaker 
In Senate July 6'M781 
Read & Concurred 

S Adams Presi**' 
Approv'd John Hancock 



Memorial of Juniper Berthiaume. 

To the Honorable Senate & The Honorable The House of 
Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

July Q'"" 1781 

If The Memorial of Juniper Bethiaunic, Recollect & Instruc- 
tor to the Penobscot Tribe of Indians Humbly Sheweth — 
1[ That Your Memorialist Together w"" A Linguister & Three 
Indians are here waiting An Oppertunity to get home with 
what Your Honors hath Pleased to Grant them. And are 
Without money or Provision for their Support, and no body 
willing to do for them — Without their Pay — ^ Your 
Memorialist Prays Your Honors to Grant about Twenty five 
PoiiikIh, therefor in Specie And Your Memorialist as in 
Duty Ijound Shall Ever pray &c 

Juniper Berthiaume Recollet 



304 DOCUMEXTAKY HISTORY 

Resolve in Favor Juniper Berthiaume. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Eepresentatives July 6 1781 
On the Petition of Juniper Berthiaume ^. Resolved that 
his Excellency the Governor and Councill be requested to 
examine the account for the support of s** Berthiaume and the 
indians now in Boston with him and make such allowance 
therefor as they may think proper and such further allow- 
ance as may be necessary for their support untill an oppor- 
tunity presents for their return — And it is further Resolved 
that Excellency the Governor with the advice of Councill be 
impowerd to draw such sum or sums of money out of the 
Treasury for the above purpose — A 

Sent up for concurrence 

Kathaniel Gorham Speaker 

In Senate July 6 1781 

Read & accepted with Amendment at A 
Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presi'' 

at A add, "not exceeding ^ Sixty ^ pounds in Bills of the 
new Emmission 

In the House of Representatives July 6 1781 

^ Read & concurred with an amendment on the amendment 
of the Hon' Senate 

Viz at B — dele from B to C and insert, one hundred 
Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 

In Senate July 6, 1781 
Read & Concurred 

S Adams Presi"' 
Approv'd John Hancock 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 305 

Petition of James Mosher. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

The Hon"^^ Senate, And House of Representatives in Gen- 
eral Court Assembled. 

The Petition of James Mosher. (Constable & Collector for 
the Town of Gorham for the year 1780,) Humbly Sheweth 

That, your Petitioner must be a Very great Sufferer in 
Consequence of a late Resolve pass'' in the great & Gen' 
Court, the 3'"' Inst Unless your Hon" Should See fit to Con- 
sider him. And not only your Petitioner, but great num- 
bers of the Inhabitants of Gorham must be greatly distresst. 
the Case is truly this, — The Town of Gorham has, during 
the Present War, ever, readily Comply^ with every Requisi- 
tion of the Gen' Court, Respecting the Raising of men & 
money, w^hich your Hon" are Sensible of. Notwithstanding 
the great Numbers of Poor Families there is in the Town 
who are put to the greatest difficulties to find Bread for their 
poor Children to Eat, And your Hon" must also be Sensible 
that if every Town in this Common Wealth had as fully 
Comply'' with the Several Requisitions of Court, as the Town 
of Gorham has done, there would have been little, or no want, 
of this whole States Quota of men & other Supplies for the 
Army, in Ocf last this Town was Call'' upon for about 6000 
w' of Beef for the Army, it was readily Voted, and the beef 
Procured & turn" in, to the proper Receiver, in Jan^ last we 
was Call"* upon for above 11000 w^ of Beef more, but at that 
Season of the Year, it was not to be had in the Town, But 
money in lieu thereof was readily Voted, and Assess'' which 
amounted to a very heavy Tax, about the same time, this 
'I'owii was Call'' iifioii to Raise fifteen men for the Con- 
tiiicnfal Army, — wliich was also fully Comply'' with by the 
'lown, which })rot on another heavy Tax, and being obliged 
lo Raise and Clothe so many men so soon, it was impracticable 

20 



306 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

for the people in General to git the money, & Consequently 
for your Petitioner to Collect it for to discharge the Tax 
above mention^ in lieu of the 11000 w* of Beef a great part 
of which Remains yet unpaid, as the Persons from whom it 
is due had not the means wherewith to procure the money, 
nor Could any ways git it till those who had it by them find- 
ing out (before your Petitioner could even hear any intima- 
tion of it) what the Hon''^ Court was about to do, or had done 
Respecting the old Currency who was then willing to part 
with it, and the people, not knowing what Resolve had pass'' 
in the Gen' Court, gladly got the money upon any terms in 
order to Discharge their Taxes in your Petitioner Bills, 
when to the Surprize both of y"" Petitioner & them we find 
the money Struck Dead in our hands, Your Petitioner never 
could obtain Sight of the Resolve of the 3'"'' Ins' till Saturday 
the 21^' Ins' had the newspapers been sent to the Town Clerk 
of Gorham as Constant as they are to Falmouth & N^orth 
Yarmouth Your petitioner would have been seasonable Ap- 
prized of the Resolve — but none has been brought for the 
Clerk of Gorham for Six weeks past which y*" Petitioner Cant 
Account for, as he^ inform'^ that the Hon''' Court has order'' 
that Willis^ paper be sent weekly, to every Town Clerk in the 
Common Wealth: the Receipts Sent by the Treasurer Gen' 
to your Petitioner has been readily and punctually paid, 
Your Petitioner, Deliverd to Capt Joseph ISToyes the 20"' 
Ins' £16674:18 — old Continental Currency for State Taxes, 
which was paid to y"" petitioner before the Expiration of the 
time set in the Resolve above mention^ — 

Therefore as the Above Representation is the truth, and as 
Your Petitioner has Exerted himself to the Utmost of his 
Power to Collect the Taxes Committed to him to Collect, And 
your Petitioner and many poor honest Persons in Gorham 
must be greatly distrest Unless Y"" Petitioner is allow^ to pay 
in the Old Currency which is on hand. Your Petitioner there- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 307 

fore Humbly Prays Your Excellency & Hon'"'' to take his Case 

into Consideration, and Allow him further time to pay in 

what is yet behind for State and Beef Taxes, and y"" Hum*" 

Petitioner as in Duty bound Shall ever Pray 

James Mosher Collector 
Gorham July 23" 1781 

We Certify that the foregoing Petit" is founded on Truth, 
& in our opinion on equity That the Signer has serv'd in the 
Office faithfully & can recommend his cause to the favour- 
able consideration of Legislature 

Edw'^ Phinny Wm. Gorham \- Selectmen of Gorham 

Austin Alden Town Clerk 



Memorial from F Shaw J" 

To His Excellency the Governor and Hon'''^ the Council of 
the Common Wealth of Massachusetts 
The Memorial of Francis Shaw Jun"" Humbly Shews, that 
ho has repeatedly applyed for Copy's of the Charges pre- 
sented to your ExcelP and Honors by Col° Jn° Allan and 
others in the County of Lincoln and is Informed by M"" 
Sec^ Avery, that they cannot be deliver'd without your 
Excelly's order, your Memorialist Conscious to himself that 
He has never knowingly, Violated any of the acts of the 
Hon'''® Congress, or this Commonwealth, is more desirous of 
haveing full Copy's of all the papers that have been laid 
before your ExcelF & Honors, with your proceedings on the 
2*^ & 4 May last, not doubting he shall be able to Vindicate 
his Character against all the Charges brought by his Enemies 
against it. ^ Your Memorialist would further represent to 
your Excellency & Honors, that ever since the Commence- 
ment of Hostilitys, his Family & person have been harrassed 
& much distressed, and his property depravatcd not only by 



308 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Enemies of the United States but by some of the Sub- 
jects of this Commonwealth, an Instance of which he is sorry 
to Inform your ExcelF & Honors, has lately taken place 
from a full Conviction that your ExcelF & Honors, would 
wish to promote the protection of Person, & security of Prop- 
erty throughout the Commonwealth, and perticularly to sit- 
uations altogether defenceless, your Memorialist is Induced 
to request a Governmental permit to prosecute his Lawful 
Business, which he flatters himself will in a Great Measure 
prevent any further depradations from his fellow Country- 
men, and of Consequence Letigious Law suits, & unnecessary 
absence from his Family, & Bussiness, which have allready 
well nigh wasted his Substance, and your Memorialist as in 
duty bound will ever pray 

Fr'^ Shaw J-- 
Boston 23 July 1781 

Action on Foregoing Petition. 

Commonwealth of Mass"^ 

In Council July 25^'' 1781 

On the Petition of Francis Shaw J"" of Goldsborough in the 
County of Lincoln praying that he may be protected in his 
Person & Property and permitted to go about his lawfull 
Business in said County — 

Advised That The Prayer of the Petition be granted and 
that Francis Shaw be and hereby is permitted to return to 
Goldsborough in y® County of Lincoln & prosecute his Lawfull 
Business and all Commanders of Armed Vessels & others 
belonging to this Commonwealth are hereby commanded and 
it is, hereby recommended to all Commanders of Armed Ves- 
sels & others belonging to the United States not to molest or 
hinder the Said Francis Shaw in the Prosecution of his law- 
full Business at Said Goldsborough — 

Attest John Avery Sec'^ 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 309 

Petition of Peleg Wadsworth. 

To his Excellency the Governor & Council of the Common- 
wealth of Massachusetts. 
The Petition of Peleg Wadsworth humbly sheweth, that 
having had the Misfortune to loose the most of his Clothing 
by being a Prisoner & not being able, at present, to obtain any 
Money of the Treasurer, or otherwise to get decent apparrel ; 
Therefore humbly prayeth that he may have an order on the 
Agents of the State Store for a Suit of Cloths, viz* a Great 
Coat, Coat, westcoat & Breeches ; also an order on the Com- 
missary for a pair Pistols, Fusee & Blunderbus, either in 
lieu of the same articles which he has lost, or to be by him 
Accounted for as shall be judged most expedient, & your 
Petitioner as in duty bound will ever pray 

Peleg Wadsworth 



Action on Foregoing Petition. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Council July 25, 1781 

Whereas it hath been represented by Peleg Wadsworth 
Esq. that he had the Misfortune to loose most of his Cloathing 
when he was captured by the Enemy and carried to Penobscot 
when in the Service of this Commonwealth and that he is 
unable to replace the same for want of Money — 

Advised. That it be & it is hereby recommended to 
Ebenezer Wales Esq"" & Cap' Amasa Davis a Committee of 
Supplies to furnish Peleg Wadsworth Esq. with Cloth suffi- 
cient for a Suit of Cloaths — he to pay for said Cloathing 
when he shall have received tlie wages due to him out of the 
Treasury —- 

Attest John Avery Sec' 



310 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Letter of H. Y. Brown. 

Browufield Aug* 7"^ 1781 

About 20 Days ago a Party from Canada came into the 
upper Coos, & from thence proceeded to Dartmouth a Town 
thro' which the Road passes from the upper Coos to Fal- 
mouth thro' this Place ; at Dartm'' they took Joseph Whipple 
Esq who made his Escape from them after which they took 
all his Effects they coud carry off to the Amount of One 
Hundred Guineas — Last Fryday Evening a party of 7 or 8 
Indians came to Fullerstown on Androscoggin River from 
thence took 2 Men by the Name of Clerk, Cap* Twitchel & 
one Man more, there is also missing Hope Austin formerly 
from Methuen; they then proceeded up the River to Shel- 
burne & discovered two Men at Work in a Field of Cap* 
Rindgis a White Man h I^egro, the White Man ran Peter 
Poor by I^ame whom they shot thro' the Head the Negro 
they made a Prisoner, they also took a young Son of Daniel 
Ingalls's but were afterwards prevailed on to discharge one 
of the Clerks & the young Lad, they then proceeded up the 
River with all the Plunder they could carry: this Account 
comes from a Party of Observation from Conway who got in 
last Night — A Party from Fryeburg of 23 Men set out on 
Saturday Evening for Fullerstown Six have returned, the 
Remainder with some of the Inhabitants of Fullerstown & 
an Indian Pilot are in Pursuit of them, with a fair Prospect 
of cutting them off as the Enemy follow the River & our 
People know a much shorter Route to a Lake they must 
pass — ^M"" Whipple is gone to Newhampshire to request 
a Scouting Party — Vermont has a Party of Soldiers at the 
upper Coos, if this Commonwealth would make Provision 
for a Party of Twenty Men, they might be so stationed as to 
protect the Settlements on Androscoggin River from such 
scouring Parties from Canada otherways they must break 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 311 

up, & as they are a Barrier Twenty Miles in the Wilderness 
from other Settlements & cover the Countys of York & Cum- 
berland — I doubt not of your immediate Exertions if within 
your Power to order a party & if not you will by an imme- 
diate & pressing Solicitation to the Governor obtain it. a 
small Delay may induce Families to hover in which would 
be a great Damage to the public — It is probable that Partys 
will be kept out till we hear from you ^ I am S*" Your most 

obedient Humble Serv^ 

H : Y : Brown 

X. B. Cap^ Twitchel made his Escape tho he was Bound 
I know of no man more Sutable for the business than L* 
John Evans of Fryeburg his knowledge of the Country and 
Experience in the Service Renders him very capible for it 

Warrant For Arrest Andrew Reed Jr. 

Lincoln Ss The Commonwealth of Massachusetts 
To the Sheriff of our County of Lincoln his Under Sheriff or 
deputy Greeting. 
We Command you to attatch the Goods or Estate of Andrew 
Reed Jun"" in said County Gentleman to the value of twenty 
four pounds for want thereof to take the body of the Said 
Andrew Reed if he may be found in your precinct and him 
Safely keep. So that you have him before our justices of 
our Inferior Court of Common Pleas next to be holden at 
Pownalboro, within & for our Said County of Lincoln on tho 
last tuesday of Septcml^cr next, then and there in our Said 
Court to answer unto Benjamin Kent of Said Boothbay yeo- 
man in a plea of the Case for that the Said Benjamin at 
Said ]^oothbay on the fourth day of September in the year of 
our Lord Seventeen hundred and Seventy Nine was possessed 
of a Whale boat, two oars, two sails & forty fathom of Rope 
altogether of the value of Eighteen pounds as of his own 



312 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

property and being so possessed there afterwards on the Same 
day Casually lost the Same, which Same boat oars sails and 
rope afterwards on the same day came into the hands & 
possession of the said Reed by finding and he knowing the 
same of right to belong to the plaintiif but contriving to 
defraud him thereof Reed afterwards on the same day 
Converted the Same boat Sails Oars and rope to his own Use. 
to the damage of the Said Benjamin Kent as he Saith the 
Sum of twenty four pounds which shall then and there be 
made to appear with other due damages, and have you Show 
this Writ with your doings therein witness William Lithgow 
Esq"" at Pownalboro, this ninth day of August in the year 
of our Lord 1781. 
True Coppy Jon* Benjamin Cler — 

Certificate Inhabitants of Winslow. 

This may certify whom it may concern that We the sub- 
scribers are Inhabitants of the Town of Winslow in the 
County of Lincoln and near Neighbours of Major Ezekiel 
Pattee of said Town, & that for the greater part of last Win- 
ter large parties of Indians were almost constantly at his 
house, that he furnished them with provisions & many other 
articles, in order to presei^ve the Peace of these settlements, 
there being at that time little or no supplies for them in the 
Truck house, which was superintended by CoP Brewer, and 
that the said Indians were Very troublesome to said Major 
Pattee and his family and we are very certain the said In- 
dians never made him any Satisfaction for the Provisions &c 
which he furnished them with — 

Solomon Parker Asa Phillips 
Manuel Smith frances Dudley 

Thomas Parker David Pattee 
Winslow Aug* ll*'' 1781 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 313 

Petition of Martha Oxnard. 

To his Excellency the Governor and the Honorable Council 
of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 

The Petition of Martha Oxnard of Falmouth in the County 
of Cumberland \ Humbly Shews, ^ That your Petitioner's 
Husband, M"" Thomas Oxnard after the Destruction of the 
Trade and Town of Falmouth did retire from his Family to 
Places under the immediate Power of the King of Great 
Britain, not incited thereto as your Petitioner humbly sug- 
gests by any other Motive than a fear of personal Injury as 
he conjectured from some ill-minded Persons in the Towm of 
Falmouth ; since which his Name was indiscriminately in- 
serted in an Act of the then State of Massachusetts Bay with 
those whose Return the State thought prudent to forbid ; by 
which your Petitioner has for more than four Years past 
been deprived of his Society and he of the tender Pledges of 
their mutual Affection, a Calamity, the Distress of which 
your Excellency and Honors will easily conceive and admit 
without the bitter Experience — T[Your Petitioner begs 
Leave to inform your Excellency and Honors that her Hus- 
band has lately arrived at Majorbagwaduce, with whom she 
could wish to spend a few Months at least; And not pre- 
suming to scan the Wisdom and Providence of the Deity in 
ordaining, for her so severe a Trial, and far from calling in 
Question the Propriety of the Act above mentioned, whereby 
in its Consequences those have unhappily lived asunder whom 
God hath joined together, your Petitioner cannot but flatter 
herself with the Ready Grant of her Request, when she aska 
not for any Distinction in her Favor at present, other than 
your Excellency's and Honors' Permission to go with her 
eldest Son about seven years of Age in the Schooner Hazard 
Burthen about thirty Tons commanded by 
of from Falmouth to Penobscot as a Flag 



314 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

at her own Expence and to tarry with her Husband for some 
Months, vet not relinquishing the Hope of Permission for 
her to return, if happier Times of Peace should not preclude 
the Necessity of a Discrimination in his Favor and reverse 
the Decree of his Banishment. — ^Your Petitioner begs 
Leave to add that she has not a Wish to carry with her or to 
bring back any Property whatever exclusive of her wearing 
Apparel — 

In this her Suit your Petitioner flatters herself with an 
Advocate in the Bosoms of your Excellency and Honors more 
irresistably persuasive if possible than even the Tears of a 
Stranger, tho' of a Woman; — So shall the Blessings of her 
Sex descend on the heads of your Excellency and Honors to 
soften the Asperity of Fortune and increase every domestic 
Felicity, — So shall the heart-felt satisfaction of having made 
two Persons happy brighten the Gloom of a like tedious 
Absence from those you most love if such Misfortune should 
betide you (which Heaven avert.) and so your Petitioner as 
in Duty bound shall ever pray for the Wellfare and Pros- 
perity of America — 

Martha Oxnard 



Action of Foregoing Petition. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Council Aug* 13, 1781 
On the Petition of Martha Oxnard Tf Advised — That the 
Prayer of the Petition be granted and that Martha Oxnard 
be permitted with her Eldest Son to take passage on Board 
the Schooner Hazard Ebenezer Prebble Master for the pur- 
pose of visiting her Husband M"" Thomas Oxnard at Penob- 
scot for three or four Months from the date hereof and that 
a Flag be granted to said Vessel for her safe passage there 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 315 

and the said Prebble is hereby directed not to carry any 
Goods of any kind nor more Provisions than necessary for his 
voyage nor bring any Merchandize from thence — 

Attest John Avery Sec^ 



Petition of Nathaniel Coffin. 

To his Excellency the Governor and the hon'^'" Council of 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

The Petition of Nathaniel Coffin of Falmouth in the 
County of Cumberland Humbly shews 

That your Petitioner's Brother Francis Coffin removed 
from said Falmouth in June 1773 to Great Britain from 
whence he followed the Seas till December 1777 when he 
died leaving your Petitioner & a Maiden Sister residing with 
him in Falmouth among his Heirs : That your Petitioner 
has never had an opportunity of certain intelligence what 
Effects his Brother left or what probable mode of obtaining 
them with safety till within a few weeks, when he was in- 
formed by an open Letter from Mr Robert Pagan, at Penob- 
scot, that Sundry Articles, part of said Effects, are transmitted 
to him to be delivered to your Petitioner or order, | Where- 
fore as your Petitioner humbly presumes your Excellency & 
Honors will not consider the receiving said effects as in- 
jurious, but on the contrary beneficial, to the Commonwealth 
of which your Petitioner is an Inhabitant, so he humbly prays 
your Excellency's & Honors special Leave to go or Send for 
the same to Penobscot in such way or manner as in your 
Wisdom shall seem consistant with the public Good, & the 
Laws of this Commonwealth ; & your Petitioner as in Duty 
bound shall ever pray — in behalf of Doctor Coffin 

John Codman Jun' 
Boston IG Aug' 1781 



316 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

Advice of Council on Foregoiyig. 

Commonwealth of Mass"° 

In Council Chamber Aug 16 1781 
Advised. That the Prayer of this Petition be granted and 
that Nathaniel Coffin be permitted to send by Ebenezer 
Prebble Commander of the Cartel Schooner called the Hazard 
bound to Penobscot for sundry Articles the Effects of his de- 
ceased Brother Francis Coffin in the Hands of M" Eobert 
Pagan at Penobscot as appears by his Letter dated fourth 
June last And said Prebble is hereby permitted to receive 
the same — And all Commanders of Armed Vessels & 
others belonging to this State are hereby directed and All 
Commanders of Armed Vessels & others belonging to the 
United States are requested not to molest or impede the said 
Schooner Hazard with the Effects of the said Coffin on Board 
on her return from Penobscot to Falmouth aforesaid 

Attest John Avery Sec^ 

Order on Same. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

Council Chamber Boston Aug 16"" 1781 
Ordered that Nathaniel Coffin be and he hereby is per- 
mitted to send by Cap' Ebenezer Prebble bound to Penobscot 
for the Articles within mentioned and said Prebble is here- 
by permitted to receive the same — And all Commanders of 
Armed Vessels and others belonging to this State are hereby 
directed and all Commanders of Armed Vessels and others 
belonging to the United States are requested not to molest 
or impede the said Schooner, with the effects of the said 
Coffin on board on her return from Penobscot to Falmouth 

accordingly — 

John Hancock 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 317 

Jn" Frost to the Governor. 

Kittery Aiigs' 20**^ 1781 
Sir 

Inclosed is Returns of the field officers chosen agreeable 
to the late Militia Law for the three Regiments in the County 
of York Likewise a Letter from Col° Goodwin and another 
from Cap* Brown which your Excellency will See I reed 
your Excellency orders in order to Detach a number of men 
from my Brigade I Immediately gave orders for the same, 
Sum of the Men have been raised and marched but by reason 
of the money being so bad and now hard money this way 
and the Enemie on ouer Banks makes it Extream Difficulte 
to Procure the men tho the officers are rising all In their 
Power for that Purpose; If your Excellency should think fit 
to send me any further order as to Brownfield or any other 
affair I shall take it the Higest Honnor to Put the same 
into Execution — 

I have the Honour to be your Excellency most obed' 

Humb' Servant 

Jn° Frost 
His Excellency Governor Hancock 



Petition of Andrew Reed. 

To the Honorable the Senate and Honorable the House of 
Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
The Petition of Andrew Reed of Boothbay Jun"" Humbly 
Shews That your petitioner being a Lieutenant in one of tho 
Companies at and after the unsuccessful siege against Bag- 
waducc; On return of Ihc lroo])s to Boothbay your Petitioner 
rccioved Express command from lirigadicr General Lovell 
to collect a number of Boats for use of the said Troops ; among 
others a Boat belonging to M"" Benjamin Kent of Said Booth- 



318 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

bay was impress'd into the service, and by some means or 
accident not yet returned, tho your Petitioner is entirely 
ignorant of the manner in which She was disposed of, M"" 
Kent has often demanded pay for his said Boat from your 
Petitioner who Petitioned your Honours for direction, but 
whether occasioned by Miscarriage, or what else is unknown 
to me but I have recieved no answer, M"" Kent has at last 
Sued me for Said Boat to next September Court to be holden 
at Pownalboro, I must pray your Honours that your Peti- 
tioner may not be obliged to pay for said Boat, with or with- 
out Costs of Court, as she was impressed Only in Obedience 
to Command the orders for my so doing will be presented 
with this to your Honors must importune your Honours in- 
terposition in the affair as it is of a Public nature and grant 
such assistance as y"" Wisdom shall dictate for help of your 
Petitioner who as in duty bound Shall Ever pray 

And'" Keed Liet 
Boothbay August 24"^ 1781. 



Paper Accompanying Petition. 

Head Quarters Townsend Aug* 29 — 1779 
Sir 

You are requested to muster all canons, Boats &c — in 
this bay, Shipescut Kiver, & damascotty River fitt for the 
use of the troops and to convoy them here immediately, 

Sir your humble Servant 

S Lovell B^ G' 

N" B you will Take to your assistance as many men from 
your Company as you Shall think proper you will call on 
M*" Brown the Commissary for provisions for your Support 
Superscription — Lieut* Andrew Reed Booth Bay 



OF THE STATE OF MAIIS^E 319 

Action on Foregoing Petition. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

Oct^ the 11^'' 1781 

on the petition of Andrew Keed Lieut praying for pay for 
his Whale boatt taken from him by General orders your 
Committee beg leave to report as their opinion that the peti- 
tion and papers accompining the same lay untill the nex 
Setting of the General Court 

Warning. 

Limerick August y" 26*"^ 1Y81 
To all Persons that are friends to the independensy of the 
United States Be Ware of all stragling fellows that are pass- 
ing that feign themselves as Fools there was one went from 
this Place Last Saterday we here he is now in Smalls town 
we there By think just to send Mr Abijah felek after him to 
take him and confine him till he can prove where he is from 
and where he is going he is taken for a Spye and we fear he 
is an indian Pilot By inquiering how People is out for 
Powder Balls and Guns and vews all houses in side and out 
«& in a Sly manner the Barer will tel Some more Peticlers 
in Behalf of the Plantation 

Jacob Bradbury ) 

John Wingate ) Assessors 

Joseph Gillpatrick / 

Letter Josiah Brrtvcr. 

Fort llalliiax Sep* 4*'^ 1781 
Sir 

I should be glad if you could send mc a few things for 
the Truck House at this place I stand in need of the follow- 
ing articles Viz 2 Peacies Coarse Broad Cloath 6 "* paint 



320 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Sewing needles fishooks a little Rum Sugar and Coffe ^ if 
the Rations for the theirty Indians Could be sent before the 
River is shut up it will be of Great Service to them and 
families to help them through the Winter, as the Crops are 
Cut short in these partes it will not be in the power of the 
Inhabitants to Suppli them, if you Could send the things 
to Col° William Howards at Fort Western I should take it as 
a favour. I Remaine your most Obedient and very Humble 
Servant 

Josiah Brewer 



Advice Relating to Father DeBourger. 

In Council Sep* 5, 1781 
Advised that Richard Devens Esq Commissary General 
be directed to deliver the Rev^ father Frederick DeBourger 
Chaplain of one of his most Christian Majesties Ship and 
lately a Missionary among the Eastern Tribes of Indians 
under the Care of Col° John Allen Superintendant of Indian 
Affairs in the Eastern Department two hundred and thirty 
two Rations due to him for his Service from the Seventh of 
May 1780 to the 30"^ August 1781 — and Charge the same 
to the United States — 

Attest John Avery Sec^ 



Petition of Ami Smith. 

Boston Sep* 5, 1781 

To His Excellency the Governor & the Gentlemen of the 

Council of the Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

the Petition of Ami Smith — Most Humbly Sheweth that 

your Petitioner being a Widow with four Children & having 

no Ways to subsist upon, but having a father & friends in 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 321 

Halifax «t Penobscot begs your Excellency & Honors that 
you would Grant her liberty to depart in the first Flagg that 
sails for Either of those places as She has friends that will 
provide for her and her Children there Against the Ensuing 
aproaching Winter & your Petitioner as in Duty Bound 
Shall ever pray 

her 

Ami X Smith 

mark 

Attested Era" Southack 

In Council Sep' 5 1781 Advised — That Ami Smith be 
permitted to depart this Commonwealth with her four Chil- 
dren in the first Cartel that shall sent from the Harbour of 
Boston either to Halifax or Penobscot and not to return again 
without special Leave of the General Assembly 

Attest John Avery Secy 

Petition of Joseph Bragdon Jr. 

Commonwealth Massachusetts 

To tlie Hon''' Senate and House of Representatives in Gen- 
eral Court Assembled. 
The Petition of Joseph Bragdon J"" humbly Sheweth that 
Your Petitioner having Served the State and Commonwealth 
in the office of Muster Master for the County of York for 
three years past and upon an Adjustment of Accou*' on June 
28, 1781 Receiv'd of the Committee on Accou*^ the Sum of 
£540-6 in Old Emission of Continen' ]\roney which was of 
no Value to Your Petitioner when it was Receiv'd by him 
which Payment was for Service Principally done two Years 
Past v/hercfore Your Petitioner Humbly prays he may return 
said Money and be Paid in other Money Current within this 
Commonwealth and Your Petitioner in Duty bound Shall 
ever Pray &c 

Joseph Bragdon J"" Musf Mast' for County York 
York 8'" Sept' 1781 

21 



322 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

Petition of Andrew Reed. 

To the Honorable the Senate & Honorable the house of Repre- 
sentatives in General Court Assembled. 

The Petition of Andrew Reed of Boothbay Humbly 

sheweth, That your Petitioner with his Sons were employed 

by Gen' Lovell in the expedition to Penobscot — Anno lYTO — 

that a sloop the property of your Petif was taken up by the 

Gen'^ orders as a transport in that expedition — & fell with the 

rest of the fleet : — that your Petitioner has never received 

any compensation for his said seiwice & loss : that the damage 

consequent thereon to him & his family has been very great — 

partly as the fate of war had previously deprived him of every 

other vessel — & therefore the only hope remaining of finding 

a subsistence for his family depended on his being able to 

employ himself & his sons in the business of coasting in this. — 

But chiefly because the said sloop had been lately purchased 

of Henry Hodge of Pownalboro' for a sum of continental 

money to be paid at a certain day which sum y"" Petitioner 

carried & lawfully tendered to said Hodge on the day in 

which the payment was stipulated — but the said Hodge 

refused to receive it & your Petif was constrained to reposit 

the sum in his desk & keep it untouched until it ceased to be 

of any value — that the said Hodge at the June Court in the 

present year sued y"" Petif to Pownalboro, under cover of a 

late Act of the General Court, for the whole sum in hard 

money — & it being impossible for your Petif to pay the 

same unless he should receive payment for the said sloop from 

this Hon*"" assembly he petitioned the Gen' Court for some 

relief in the Case — & as the treasury was not in condition 

to make payment to y"" Petitioner at that time, an order was 

passed to stop said Hodge's prosecution until this instant 

September withal giving your Petitioner encouragment to 

hope that some more effectual measures would be taken be- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 323 

fore that time for the finishing of that matter — the time is 

come — the Inferior Court at Pownalboro sits in this Month 

k jour Petitioner cannot find that any thing is provided for 

his relief: he therefore expects that execution will issue at 

said Court against him & if it should it will involve him «fc 

his family in irrecoverable ruin — 

Your Petitioner therefore prays your Honors to take his 

case into your Avise consideration & grant him such relief 

therein as to your Honors in your great wisdom shall appear 

just & meet & your Petitioner as in duty bound Shall ever 

pray 

And^ Keed 
Boothbay Sept' 10"^ 1781 

Action on Foregoing. 

Common \\'ealth of Massachusetts 

Oct' y^ 11"^ 1781 

on the petition of Andrew Reed praying for pay for his 

Sloop Lost in the Penobscutt Expedition your Committee beg 

leave to report as their opinion that the petition and papers 

accompiiiing the Same Lay untill the next Sitting of the 

Gen'' Court 

Petition of Mary Crawford. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

Sept' 13"^ 1781 

To The Hon' Senate and the Honorable The House of Repre- 
sentatives in Goner' Court Assembled — 
Tlie Petition of Mary Crawford of Templeton Widdow — 
llniiiMy Sheweth That Your Petio' Lived at Penobscot with 
her Late Husband Docter Crawford who was Chaplin at The 
Fort at Peiio])scot — sonuitimo before the Enemy took pos- 
session There. Your Petitioner ])cing then a Widdow Came 



324 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

from Thence A few days Before the Enemy arrived there, 

(On A Visit to her Friends at Templeton and would be Glad 

of Leave to Return, there in Order to Secure as much of 

her Intrest As She Can, & bring back with her in Order for 

her & Childrens Support she Prays Your Hon""^ Permit to 

Go Up Penobscot River & Return & Your Petitioner as in 

Duty bound Shall Ever pray &c 

Mary Crawford 



Order Creating Committee. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Sepf 13, 1781 

Ordered That Col" Coffin & Co' Taylor with such as the 

Hon' Senate shall join, be a Committee to enquire into the 

nature of the Establishment at Machias, and the Resolutions 

of Congress authorizing this State to charge the united States 

with the Sums advanced by this State for the Support of the 

Post at Machias, — and to report a State of Facts 

Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
In Senate Sep* 1?^"^ 1781 

Read & Concurred & Cotton Tufts Esq"" is join'd 

S Adams Presi"' 



Report of Committee Respecting Machias. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

T[ The Committee appointed "to enquire into the Nature of 
the Establishment at Machias, and to charge the united States 
with the Sums advanced by this State for the Support of the 
Post at Machias and report a State of Facts," beg leave to 
report, That your Committee have enquired into the nature of 



OF THE STATE OF MAIT^E 325 

the Establishment at Machias and find it to be a Continental 
Establishment, falling within the Department of John Allen 
Esq. who was appointed by Congress Agent for Indian 
Affairs in the Eastern Department, Jan^ 14, 1777 — As 
Agent of Congress the said John hath made application to 
this State from Time to Time for supplies to carry on the 
Business of his Agency: Supplies have been granted, and 
Provision made for the Support of the Post at Machias in 
full Confidence that Congress would be answerable for the 
same — And the Appointment of a Priest in that Quarter, 
was evidently made (in 1778) by the then Council of this 
State at the Desire of Congress as the following Resolve will 
show. Cotton Tufts p"" Ord"" 

Resolution of Congress Relating to Indians. 

In Congress Dec. 5^'^ 1778 
Resolved, That the President write to the Council of the 
Massachusetts Bay and inform them it is the Desire of 
Congress that they comply with the Request of the Indians 
in sending them a Priest — But should not, what is now 
offered be thought direct to the Point in Hand Your Com- 
mittee humbly conceives, that the following Resolution will 
shew not only that the Post at Machias is a continental Estab- 
lishment, Ijut also. That this State is fully authorized to 
charge the United States with the Sums already advanced or 
that may hcreaflcr be advanced by this State for the Support 
of that Post. 

Resolution on Same Suhject. 

In Congress Feb^ 15, 1781 
Resolved — 
''That the President inform tlio Governor of Massachu- 
setts, that Congress sensible of the Importance of supporting 



326 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Eastern Indian Department nnder the Superintendance 
of Col° John Allen approve of the Care of the executive of 
Massachusetts, in making from Time to Time the necessary 
Provision for the same, and they are requested to continue 
such Supplies, and charge the same to the united States. 
And it is further Resolved, That the Governor and Council 
of Massachusetts be and they hereby are impowered to com- 
pleat the Company of Artillery at the Post of Machias to a 
number not exceeding Sixty Five including such officers as 
they shall judge necessary for the further Security and De- 
fence thereof; the said Company to be under the Command 
of Col° John Allen and to be raised cloathed, paid and sub- 
sisted as continental Soldiers at the Expence of the United 
States" 
In Senate Sept 25 1781 

Read & accepted 

Sent down for Concurrence 

Sam' Adams Presi''* 
In the House of Representatives Ocf 8 1781 

Read & concurred 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
Approv'd John Hancock. 



Petition of Elizabeth Stevens. 

To the Honble the Senate & Honble the House of Represen- 
tatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in 
General Court Assembled 
The Petition of Elizabeth Stevens of Falm" Casco Bay 
humbly shews that your Petitioner has a Brother in !N^ew 
York who is in very good Circumstances and has often sent 
for your Petitioner to go there and reside with him that your 
Petitioner has here no Friend to support her, and is in very 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 327 

indigent Circnmstances. Your Petitioner therefore begs 
Liberty to go to Xew York in the Cartel now ready to sail 
for that Place — 

And as in Duty bound will pray 

Elizabeth Stevens 

Commonwealth of ]\rassachusett8 

In Senate Sep' l-i'*" 1781 

Tf On the Petition of Elizal)eth Stevens — T[ Resolved for 

reasons set forth in her Petition that the prayer thereof be 

granted, & that the said Elizabeth Stevens be & hereby is 

permitted to depart this State in the first Cartel for New 

York, not to return to this State without leave first had & 

obtained of the General Court; and the Naval Officer for 

the port of Boston is directed to see that the said Elizabeth 

Stevens does not carry away with her any Letters or papers 

detremental to this or any of the United States — 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presi"^' 

In the House of Representatives Sept. 14, 1781 

Read & Concurred 

Nath Gorham Speaker 

Approv'd John Hancock 



Sam' Freeman to the Governor. 

Falmouth Sept. 15 1781 
May it please your Excellency : | On the SO'*" ult. was 
brought before me, on suspicion of his being inimical to the 
United States, a Person who calls himself Joseph Gordon — 
He was apprehended at a Place called Ossipee, near 40 miles 
back of this place, and is the same Person who was just before 
at Limerick and supposed to be a Rogue under the Mask of 



328 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Idealism — as mention'd in the inclosd Paper No 1. 1[The 
Paper No 2 is all the Account I can get of his conduct at 
Ossipee — I have no other ace' of him than what he himself 
gave, before me, as contain'd in Paper N° 3. — But as it 
appear'd to me there v^as probable cause to suspect him guilty 
of "being adherent to the Enemies of the United States & of 
giving them aid and comfort within this State" and as I was 
inform'd that Some of the Inhabitants of our frontier Towns 
fear'd he was a Spy, and would have been very uneasy at his 
going at large : I thought it my Duty to commit him to Goal 

— and immediately sent to one Lieutenant Clark of Fullers- 
town who was robbed and for a short time made a Prisoner 
by some Indians and Tories who had lately been at his House 
there, to desire he wou'd come and see if he was one of them 

— M"" Clark has since been to see him, and says he is not one 
of them He however knew his Face and says he is a person 
who was sometime ago at Newton near Boston, and was sus- 
pected of being a bad Fellow but as nothing particular coud 
be proved against him, he was sufferd to go at large — IHe 
talks very broken, and sometimes unintelligibly — but while 
I was writing his Mittimus, he was reading in a Book which 
lay before him — & now & then I observed him to read quite 
plain — After getting the Answers to such Questions as I 
asked him I told him to give an Account of himself in his 
own way — but he refused & said repeatedly that none but 
God shou'd have any more account of him than a Sketch — 
and upon telling him I shou'd send him to Goal unless he 
gave a good account of himself, he appeared to be in a great 
Passion, trembled and seem'd to be full of Malice — Some 
have so much Charity for him as to think he is really de- 
fective in his understanding and that, being a Vagabond is 
his greatest Crime 

I confess I have not so good an Opinion of him — But as 
I know of no other Evidence against him than what is con- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 329 

tain'd in the inclos'd Papers — I thought it my Duty to 
represent the Case to your Excellency, and shou'd be glad 
your Excellency wou'd direct nie what to do respecting him 
— ^ Perhaps if his name & an Account of his being appre- 
hended & confin'd were published in some of the News 
Papers, some further knowledge of him might be had — 

I am with the utmost Kespect Your Excellency's most 
obedient & very humble Servant 

Sam' Freeman 

Gen^ Heath to Gov. Hmicocl-. 

Head quarters, Continental village, 

Sept. 17, 1781 

Sir, I have received undoubted intelligence from Canada, 
that the enemy have for some time past been building canoes 
and small Batteaux at S* Johns, baking hard bread at Mon- 
treal and foi-warding it to St Johns — And this morning I 
learn a brigade of troops have arrived at S' Johns from 
Quebec. This renders it very apparent that they have de- 
signs on the frontiers some where. The size of the small 
crafts seem calculated rather for the creeks and rivers towards 
the settlements on the head of Connecticut river, than to 
cross the lakes — If the former are the object, the militia of 
the northern parts of the county of Hampshire are some of 
the nearest to lend aid — if the latter, those of the county of 
Berkshire. I have written the Brigadiers commanding the 
Militia of those counties, lest the movements of the enemy 
should be sudden, requesting that if the frontiers are 
actually attacked, they would aid them. This I assure my- 
self will be approved by your Excellency, until you can give 
such instructions as you may judge proper. 

I have ordered a detachment from this army to Albany, 
But the Iinpoi'tance of the pcsls in llie Highlands, and pi'csent 



/ 



330 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

state of the army forbid my making any considerable de- 
tachments to a distance, and constrain me to reqnest that the 
number of militia called for from your Commonwealth in 
his Excellency's last letter, may be completed immediately, 
and the delinquent men for the regular regiments ordered on 
\ No news from the southward. *[ I have the honor to be 
With the highest respect. Your Excellency's Most obedient 
servant W Heath. 

P. S. I am just informed that a fleet of about 40 sail 
appeared in the Sound off Huntington, the 15. standing 
eastv/ard. But whether they had troops on board, or were 
a wood fleet, is not known W. H. 

His Excellency Governor Hancock. 

Resolve Appointing John Langdon. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives September 19, 1781 
Upon a Representation being made to this Court by Nath' 
Thwing Esq'" of Woolwich That he with Dumer Sewall of 
Georgetown and Waterman Thomas of Thomaston Esq" were 
appointed a Com*^^ by a Resolve of the General Court of the 
first of march Last to Enquire into certain facts sett forth in 
a Representation of the Selectmen of Boothbay, and that the 
said Waterman Thomas is now removed to Boston and Can- 
not attend said Service, Therefore ^ Resolved — Tf That M"" 
John Langdon be and he hereby is appointed on said Com*"* 
in the Room of said Waterman Thomas who is hereby 
Excused — 

Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
In Senate Sept" 20*'> 1781 

Read & Concurred 

S Adams Presi'*' 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 331 

Nath' Til wing to Ezra Taylor Esq. 

Woolwich Aug'' 20''' 1781 
Sir, 

I some time since received from the See"'^ a Copy of a 
Resolve of the Gen' Court appointing my self, Dummer 
Sewall and Waterman Thomas Esq""^ a Committee to enquire 
into the Representation of the Selectmen of Boothbay, re- 
specting sundry matters of said Town, but as Esq"" Thomas 
has remov'd to Boston with his Family and Cannot attend 
the Business, the other two Cannot legally act in it, and it is 
therefore necessary some other Person should be appointed in 
his Room, would therefore beg of you upon your Arrival at 
the General Court to have some other person appointed in 
stead of said Thomas if you would undertake to act in it, 
should be glad if not — should be glad you would endeavor 
to have the name of John Langdon of Pownalboro inserted 
Your Compliance herein will oblige the Petitioners in whose 
Behalf, I am, Sir, your most Obed' Serv' 

I^ath' Thwing 
Ezra Taylor Esq"" Pownalbor° 



Petition of John Murray. 

To the Honorable the Senate & Honorable the House of Rep- 
resentatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in 
General Court Assembled — 
^1 The Petition of the Subscriber on behalf of the town of 
Boothbay. — Humbly Showolh, ^[ That your Petitioner, be- 
ing appointed to represent said town in this Honorable As- 
sembly, is charged with particular instructions from his Con- 
stituents, in their name & l)ehalf, to petition your Honors for 
certain favors therein specified ; and it is in obedience to their 
injunctions that ho takes this method of soli(;iting the atten- 



332 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

tion of the Legislature to their humble and earnest requests, 
and begs leave to be heard on the reasons in which each of 
them is founded. — ^f The peculiar share of sufferings in the 
public distress by which that town has been distinguished, 
even amongst the maritime Towns in the County of Lincoln, 
has been so often represented to this Hon*^'^ Court, that it can 
hardly be supposed to be unknown to any member of it ; it is 
therefore become the less needful to be very particular in 
laying the State of said town before your Honors at this 
time. — I^or could it give any pleasure to the generous minds 
that compose this Honorable Assembly to dwell on the con- 
templation of the accumulated hardships that have reduced 
that people from a hopeful and flourishing state, now to ex- 
hibit to the view of every spectator nothing but the wreck 
of a Community in ruins. — ^ Situated on an inviting 
harbour contiguous to a navigable river on each side, this 
Town has been worne out with incessant alarms from the 
Enemy's Vessels entring — often anchoring — and not un- 
frequently lying for a considerable time in the road and often 
within Swivel Shot of the houses — during all which occa- 
sions the inhabitants were obliged to ly on their Arms; and 
the constant zeal in the common cause that governd all the 
movements of that people naturally marked them out as the 
special butt of distinguished vengeance from the hand of our 
unnatural enemy — and more especially from the plots of the 
more unnatural traytors amongst the settlements in our vicin- 
ity, who sleep safe in the bosom of our Country, tho' constantly 
busied in sucking her vital blood. — ^ From these causes not 
a little of the property of said town has been reduced to ashes 
— all the vessels concerned in its navigation captured or de- 
stroyed — the flower of its young men, who had not been 
sent to the Continental Army — thus deprived of the wonted 
means of earning their bread — betook themselves to Pri- 
vateers where, for the present, they are utterly lost to the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 333 

town, and many of them gone whence they never shall r& 
turn: — while the remaining inhabitantts, too far advanced 
into the vale of life to be able for military employ by land 
or water, thus naked of any means of self defence, have been 
obliged to abandon their habitation in the front & remove 
their families into the wilderness for Shelter, whereby we 
may travel from end to end of the principal Settlement in 
the Town & be able to discover nothing but houses without 
inhabitants, or occupied only by widows & helpless orphans : 
whilst the survivors out of the number of their fonner 
possessors are forced to seek a pittance for the present suIj- 
sistance of their families from the laborious cultivation of 
a Wilderness hitherto unsubdued: On the success of their 
hard tillage all their hopes of living hung: the additional 
judgment of heaven that has this Summer visited them with 
a drought the most severe ever felt in that country seems 
therefore to have cut up by the roots every hope arising from 
that quarter: as it has for the present bereft us of every 
prospect of the food necessary for the preservation of man 
or beast thro' the dreaded extremities of the approaching 
Winter. — ^ It gives a Special pungency to the distresses 
of that people that they have made it impossible for them 
for the present any longer to continue that Support to Gov- 
ernment or maintenance to the present just & necesesary war 
which they have ever contributed with the greatest chearful- 
ness, & which it is as really their desire still to contribute as 
it is to supply their own families with the comforts of Life. — 
their men of ability for services are gone — money is scarce to 
be seen in the town. — and the necessaries of life at present 
seem unattainable — ^ It would give them great pain to 
cry to the Legislature for their daily bread — tho' they know 
not from whence otherwise to expect it, & should Govern- 
ment See it to be duty to furnish them with any Supplies of 
this kind, it maybe relied on that a more necessary deed of 



334 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

charity could scarcely be devised. — t But whatever may 
be done in that case your Petitioner begs leave to assure your 
Honors that it is not only in conformity to his instructions 
that he must beg the acquittance of this Court from all de- 
mands of Men, Money — or provisions that have been made 
against that people as a public tax, so far as such demands 
remain unsatisfied : it is from Conscience that he troubles the 
Honorable Court with this request : he is in Conscience con- 
vinced of the utter impossibility of their complying with 
these requisitions, in any part, during their present circum- 
stances : & that for the Legislature to continue such demands 
will appear to that people like insulting their miseries: & 
such continuance, after so many repeated representations of 
their State will eifectually drive them to a State of despera- 
tion, t Your Petitioner begs leave to add that he has the 
best reason to know assuredly that it will be impracticable 
to levy any of these things amongst his Constituents, & that 
Coercive measures taken for that purpose commonly issue 
in filling the county goal with prisoners to be maintained 
there at the public expence. — If He therefore humbly Sub- 
mits the Case of his distressed Constituents to the mercy of 
this Hon'''" Court begging their indulgent consideration of 
his plea, and a favorable answer to the prayer of this Peti- 
tion in their behalf — And 

Your pef as in duty bound shall ever pray 

John Murray 
Boston Sepf 20''' 1781 

Resolve Appointing 8am} Freeman Esq. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Sepf 20, 1781 
Resolved That the Hon' Sam' Freeman Esq"" be on tlie 
Committee for selling the Estates of Conspirators & Ab- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 335 

seiitees in the County of Cumberland in the room of Solomon 
Lombard Esq"" dec'd. 

Sent up for concurrence iSTath Gorham Speaker 

In Senate Sep* 22"^ 1781 

Read & Concurred 

S Adams Presi*^' 
Approv'd John Hancock. 

Petition of Eliphelct Downer. 

To The Hon*"" the House of Representative & the Hon*''^ the 
Senate of the Common Wealth of the Massachusetts in 
General Court Assembled Sept' 21 1781 
The Petition of Eliphelet Downer Humbly Sheweth That 
Petitioner was appointed Surgeon General of the Expedition 
formed against Penobscutt & in the retreat though your Peti- 
tioner was so fortunate as to save the Medecine Chest being 
the Property of the Public he was so unfortunate as to lose 
his own Baggage consisting of the Articles Enumerated in 
the Schedule hereto annexed your Petitioner therefore humbly 
prays your Honors would take the premises into Considera- 
tion and as y"" Petitioner is Sensible that from the present 
nnhappy state of the Finances money is not to be obtaind 
he therefor humbly Intreats y"" Hon" that such Terms as in 
y' Wisdom shall seem meet may be ascertaind to him payable 
at a future Day and as in Duty l^ound Shall ever pray &c 

Eliphelet Downer 

Petition of Htephen Hall. 

To the Hon''''' the Senate & House of Representatives of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts, in General Court 
Assembled. 
\ The Subscriber begs leave humbly to represent to the 

Hon'"* Court that in the application of & at the sollicitation 



336 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

of Brig"" Gen' Wadsworth he entred the publick Service the 
last year & officiated with the General as Secretary in the 
eastern department. TfThe General supposed from the 
necessity he stood in of a Secretary that a reasonable allow- 
ance would easily be made by the Hon'''^ Court on applica- 
tion for that purpose — 

Application has not been made heretofore by reason of the 
General's being in Captivity. ^ Your Memorialist therefore 
now prays that the Hon'''^ Court would take the matter into 
Consideration, & grant him such allowance, as to their Wis- 
dom & Goodness shall seem meet. 

Stephen Hall 
Boston 25 Sept^ 1781 



Resolve on Same. 

Commonwealth of ]\Iassachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Sepf 27"" 1781 

On the Petition of Stephen Hall ^ Resolved That Stephen 
Hall Esq"" who was Employed as Secretary to Brig*" General 
Wadsworth from April 20"^ to Ocf 20'*^ 1780 in the East- 
ern Department, being six months, as appears from the Cer- 
tificate of Brig'' Wadsworth received the same pay per month 
as a Major in said Department; and the Committee on 
Muster Rolls are directed to make up said Hall accordingly. 
Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 

In Senate Sep* 27**" 1781 
Read & Concurred 

S Adams Presid' 
Approv'd John Hancock 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 337 

Certificate of Wm. Todd. 

I hereby Certify that after the defeat at Penobscot, Lieut.- 
Andrew Reed by the Order of Brig^"" Gen' Lovell delivered 
a Boat with Sails the property of M"" Benj'' Kent of Town- 
send, for the purpose of an express Boat which was sent to 
Boston and where said Boat was some days kept by direction 
of the Hon"'*' Councel that in the Mean time the tenn of 
Engagement for the Men that came to Boston Expired and 
they all left the Boat &c and Retired to their respective places 
of Abode where by said Boat was Bulged & became finally 
destroyed the sails were about two thirds wore and the Boat 

about half wore 

William Todd 

then Brigade Major to Brig'' Gen' Lovell 



Petition of John Murray. 

To the Hon"'^ Senate and Hon"'*" House Representatives of 
the Common Wealth of Massachusets. 
I The Petition of John Murray, humbly sheweth that your 
Petitioner was Collector for the Town of Boothbay in the 
year 1779, and Receiv'd the Bill from the Assessors, for the 
Taxes, 1779 tax in the Year 1780, and with what Dispatch 
Possable Collected the same, and sent the same to the Treas- 
urer, which did not arrive untill the circulation of the Old 
Emission was Stoped, and the Treasurer Refused receiving 
the same without a Certificate that your Petitioner recev'd 
the same lor Tuxes ])efore the 20'" July, your Petitioner, 
ueitlicr knew of any Resolve against takeing tin; Old Emis- 
sion for Taxes, which has caused him a Jurney of Two hun- 
dred Miles to fetch said money, and the Treasury. Refuses to 
Receive the same by reason of my Receiving at port since 



22 



338 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

July 20 1781, not knowing any Resolve of this Common 
Wealth to the Contrary by Reason of liveing at such a Dis- 
tance, and not haveing the Privalage of A Post, to our Quar- 
ter of the World, your Petitioner prays your Honors would 
take his matter under your Wise Consideration and Order 
the Treasurer to Receive the same, and your Petitioner as 
in Duty bound shall ever pray. 

John Murray 
Boston Sepf 25*" 1781 



Certificate of Gen^ Wadsworth. 

Boston 26"^ Sep* 1781 

This Certifies that being under a necessity of employing 

Some person as a Secretary in the year 1780 M"" Stephen 

Hall at my earnest request consented to accompany me in 

that Capacity in doing which he rendered not only a grateful 

Service to me in the Imbarrasment of my Business, but 

essentially served his Country. He serv'd from the 20**" 

April to the 20 Ocf 1780 

Peleg Wadsworth B. G. 



Petition of Ezekiel Pattee. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To the Hon'''® the Senate and House of Representatives in 
General Court to be Assembled — 

Tf The Petition of Ezekiel Pattee of the Town of Winslow 
in the County of Lincoln, T[ Humbly Sheweth, 

That the Indians from the interior parts of Penobscot 
River, invited by the promise of supplies to be lodged at 
Fort Halifax under the superintendance of Col" Brewer, left 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 339 

their Habitations on s*^ Penobscot River & came to reside 
with their Families in this Towm the beginning of last Win- 
ter: where from the insufficiency of the promised supplies 
they were not only greatly disappointed in their expectations, 
but were also soon reduced to a starving condition & in this 
situation they necessarily became very troublesome to the 
Inhabitants, among whom your Petitioner from his living in 
the Xeighboui'hood of the Indian Encampment was a prin- 
cipal Sufferer as may appear from the Certificate accompany- 
ing this petition, being frequently obliged to harbor Numbers 
of them in his house, which at that season of the Year was 
peculiarly distressing to his family & in order to keep them 
quiet often gave them victuals wathout making any account 
of it — afterw^ards when the supplies sent down by Govern- 
ment w^ere intirely exhausted & they could get no provisions 
any where else, your Petitioner at the united Request of 
some of the Indians k a french Priest who came with them 
furnished them with the several Articles of Provision borne 
on the annexed Schedule, for which they promised to pay 
him, but tho' he has repeatedly applide to the s'^ priest for 
his pay yet he has not been able to obtain any satisfaction 
from him or the Indians — l^Your Petitioner is therefore 
compelled, tho' reluctantly to address the Justice of the 
Hon''''' the General Assem])ly and flatters himself that as 
nothing but an Anxious Solicitude to preserve the peace of 
these infant Settlements could induce him to part with the 
8*' provisions from the Xecessities of his own family, your 
Honors will take the matter into your wise consideration & 
grant him payment of the s^ Account in the Charge of which 
he has endeavoured to be as reasonable as possible requesting 
no iiioie tliaii wliat sudi provisions sold for in this Town — 
and your j)etitioncr as in duty bound will ever pray 

Ezekiel Pattee 
Winslow Sep' 26'*' 1781 



340 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Message of Gov. Hancock to General Court. 

Gentlemen of the Senate and Gentlemen of the House of 
Representatives — 

In your last Session, on application from the Deputy 
Quarter General praying to be enabled to transport a Quan- 
tity of Cloathing ordered by his Excellency General Wash- 
ington for the Use of the Army under his Command, you 
was pleased to pass a Resolution to supply the Quarter 
Master's Department with the sum of One Thousand pounds 
in State Certificates which Certificates in the recess of the 
General Court were represented as insufficient to accomplish 
the designed purpose of conveying the much wanted Cloath- 
ing to the Army; Therefore upon this Representation and 
the absolute necessity that Rum and wet-provision should be 
immediately transported to the Army from Springfield the 
Council advised me to write to the Selectmen of several 
Towns in the Vicinity of Springfield in the County of Hamp- 
shire as also to the Towns of Sturbridge, Sutton, Westborough 
and Charlton in the County of Worcester earnestly recom- 
mending to them to aiford all the assistance in their power 
to the Quarter Master in this particular, and that I should 
assure them that at the then next setting of the General 
Court, I would reconunend the immediate payment of the 
Teamers who should chearfully turn out to releive the Dis- 
tresses of the Army at such rates as the Teamers and the 
said Quarter Master should agree — The Service being thus 
performed it necessarily becomes my Duty, that the Good 
People of the Commonwealth on similar Emergencies may 
not be discouraged in afi^ording their timely Assistance to 
acquaint you herewith earnestly recommending that pro- 
vision may be made for their immediate payment which 
appearing so necessary and interesting to the Commonweal tli 
— I cannot doubt of the due attention of the General Court 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 341 

to this perticular ^ I cannot omit reminding you of the 
necessity of the Commissary Generals Department being 
supplied with a Quantity of Flour in order to furnish the 
Garrison at Castle Island which is now destitute and more 
especially the Troops in the Eastern parts of this Com- 
monwealth with that Article as the Commanding Officer in 
that Department writes me that he shall be obliged to dis- 
band the men for want of Bread — 

John Hancock 
A True Copy Attest John Avery Jun"" Sec^ 

Boston Sep' 26*'' 1781 
In Senate October 1^* 1781 

\ Read & thereupon Ordered that Joseph Dorr and Samuel 
Phillips jun"" Esq""^ with such as the Honorable House shall 
join be a Committee to take this Message into Consideration, 
and report what is proper to be done thereon — 
Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid* 



Petition of James Avery. 

To the Hon'ble Senate & House of Representatives of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 
The Petition of James Avery, Humbly Sheweth That 
your Petition was appoint l)y Colo John Allan his Agent to 
Transact all such I*ul)li(; Bussiness as was to be done at this 
place, an<l arrived from Machias on or about the 3'' of July 
last, i" i)ic.s('nt((l a Memorial from said Allan to your Honors, 
where in was set forth that there not having been any pro- 
visions & other Stores sent for the Garrison & Indians under 
his Command frf)m Nov' till May last, he was oliliged to 
proc-urc tli(;in from iIk- I iiliahitants of Machias, which he 
Engaged .shoud he lully .satiHJycd as tluMi' Situation was such 



342 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

as they could not subsist without payment, therefore Re- 
quested your Honors woud order the Amount of Eight Hun- 
dred Pounds to be paid into the hands of your Petitioner to 
pay off said Accounts — he allso informed your Honors that 
he was Directed by His Excellency the Governor to raise 
Sixty Men agreeable to the orders of Congress, but no men- 
tion what Bounty they were to be allowed, Upon which he 
Engaged to pay those that inlisted During the War a Bounty 
of Twelve Guineas & gave Certificates for the same, Copy of 
which is hereunto Annex'd & requested your Honors wou'd 
be pleased to order the same Discharged — which Memorial 
was Committed to a Committee, but no report made & is not 
at present to be found — Therefore your Petitioner Humbly 
Prays your Honors woud be pleased to Take the foregoing 
into your wise Consideration & Take such order thereon as 
in your Wisdom may thing requisit & your petitioner as in 
Duty Bound will ever pray 

Ja* Avery 
Boston Sep"" 27, 1781 

Fonn of Certificate given Soldiers for Bounty — 

Indian Eastern Departm* Machias 1781 

These are to Certifie that has Inlisted into the 

Service of the United States in this Departm* in the Core 
Known by the ISTame of the Artillery Company during the 
present War with Great Britain for which he is promised a 
Bounty of Twelve Guineas, Which sum the Subscriber en- 
gages to pay said or his order as Witness my hand 

( Sign'd) John Allan C G Off : 

These are to Certifie the above mentioned has in- 
listed in the Service of the United States during the War 
above Express'd & has pass'd Muster agreeable to the Rules 
of the Continental Army. 

(Sign'd) -Tames Avery Muster Master 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 343 

J. Avery to Sam^ Freeman Esq. 

Council Chamber Sep* 27, 1781 
Sir 

Your Letter of the 15 of Septemb Ins* with the Inclosures 
respecting one Joseph Gordon his Excellency communicated 
to Council this Daj and Asked their Advice thereon — and 
having taken Said Papers into Consideration I was directed 
to inform you that it was their Opinion that you must be the 
most competent Judge in this Matter and that you must 
deal with him as to Law & Justice appertaineth — 
I am Sir Your very humy Serv* 

J Avery Sec^ 
Hon' Sam' Freeman Esq — 

Aug 30, 1781 
Examination of a Person who calls himself Joseph Gordon 
Quest. What is your Name ? 
Ans. Joseph Gordon. Son of James Gordon 

Q. \Vhat Countryman are you ? 

A. A Scotchman — I was born in the Shire of Karcudbury 

Q. How long have you been in this Country ? 

A. About half a Score Years — two or three Years at 
Albany & Schenectady — k I have been at Boston and Hart- 
ford — 

Q. What part of the Country did you first come to ? 

A. New York 

Q. What Ship did you come in ? 

A. Her name was Queen Mary 

Q. Who was the Master of the Ship ? 

A. They called his name Fisher 

Q. When was you at Boston? 

A. The last of July — 

Q. What Business do you follow ? 



344 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

A. I have been loitering about, through Idleness — but 
I believe it will be for no good. 

Q. Was you brot up to no Trade? 

A. I am a Preacher 

Q. Are you a married Man ? 

A. No. 

Q. Was you ever at Quebec ? 

A. I do not think I ever was there 
Q. Was you ever at Limerick ? 

A. I cannot tell. 

The Deposition of Bartholomew Jackson who sayeth on 
Saterday Last being Aug* 25 — He was at work at one of 
his Nieabours, viz: at M'' David Elkins and about 6 oclock 
in y" afternoon a Man came to said Elkins House, and M" 
Elkins told me that he asked her for Sum Vittles, and She 
being afraid of said man She came to her Husband & me: 
we being near the House: and asked us to go into y"* House 
for there was a man their & she could not understand what 
he said, & when I got into y^ House I asked the man where 
he came from, and he Talked So broken English that I could 
not understand him at first : but afterwards I understud him 
that he came from Pig-wacket, that morning, then I asked 
him which way he came & he said threw the Bush. Then I 
thought he was a Roage : & asked him hough he got over the 
River, and he signefied to me that he got over on Sum Stiks 
or Logs: and I knew that to be falce — Excepting he made 
a Raft, then M'' Elkins & I sent for the I^eighbours & James 
Brackit, & his Two Brothers & James Grant came, and then 
I Examined him again and he said his name was Joseph 
Gordin but he would give no account what his business was 
nor tel whare he was going, & after he had Eat his Supper 
he got up & was going away and then we thought best to 
Stop him & send him to Pearsontown the next day Abraham 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 345 

Bracket and my self came away with him and got more then 
one mile & he wanted to go back and git his Cloaths which 
before he had told us he had none: so we sent him to Pearson- 
town — 

Bartholomew Jackson 
Pearsontown Sepf 1 — 1781 

Cumberland Ss — 

Pearsontown Sepf 1- 1781 
Tf The within named Bartholomew Jackson made oath to 
the Truth of the foregoing Deposition before me 

Eph" Jones Just^ Peace 



Resolve in Favor of John Murray. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Sepf 29*'' 1781 
on the Petition of John Murry in behalf of the Town of 
Boothbay — being under many distressed Circumstances as 
sett forth in Said Petition. Resolved : that the Prayer of 
the Petition be so far Granted that the Treasurer of this 
Commonwealth be and he hereby is directed not to Issue his 
Execution Against the Collector or Collectors of the Town of 
Boothbay for any Sum or Sums of Money that are Assest 
on the Inhabitants of said Town as their j)roportion of the 
Taxes of this Commonwealth untill the further Order of the 
General Court — 

Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
In Senate October 1"' 1781 
Read & Concurred 

S Adams Presi"' 
Approv'd John Hancock 



346 DOCUME>^TARY HISTORY 

Resolve in Favor of John Murray. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Sept 29-1781 
on the Petition of John Murry Collector for the Town of 
Boothbay in the year 1779 Praying the General Court to 
Order the Treasurer to receive the Monyes by him Collected 
— T[ Resolved that the Treasurer of this Common Wealth be 
and he is hereby directed to Receive of John Murry Collector 
for the Town of Boothbay the Monyes Collected by him^ as 
that Towns Proportion of the State tax for the Year 1779. 
on his making Oath that he Collected the said Money before 
he had any knowledge of the Resolve of this Court which 
past Prohibiting the Collectors from Receiving any of the 
Old Emistion after the 20 of July any Resolve to the Con- 
trary notwithstanding. 

Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
In Senate Oct 1781 

Read & Concurr'd with Amendment at A 
Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presi'^* 
at A, in Bills of the old Emission 
In the House of Representatives Oct. 4, 1781. 
Read & concurred 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
Approv'd John Hancock 

Resolve in Favor of Soldiers. 

In the house of Representatives October 2 1781 
Resolve that there be paid out of the treasury of this Com- 
monwealth in Specie to Cap* Pinkham three pounds twelve 
Shillings p"" Month to his Lieu* three pounds to a Serg* two 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 347 

pounds to a Private one pound Sixteen Shillings p"" ^lonth 
and for there Rations Eight pence p"" day for Each officer 
and Private for the month they were in Service 
Sent up for concurrence 

Xath Gorham Speaker 

In Senate October 2" 1781 

Read & Concurred as taken into a new Draft 
Sent down for Concurrence 

S. Adams Presi"'* 

In the House of Representatives Oef 8, 1781 
Read k concurred 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
Approved John Hancock 



Resolve in Favor of Soldiers. 

Common Wealth of j\Iassachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Ocf 2*^ 1781 
Resolved that there be paid out of the Treasury of this 
Commonwealth in specie, to Captain Ichabod Pinkham, and 
nineteen others named in said Roll, raised by the Town of 
Boothbay, for the defence of the Sea Coasts, for one Month, 
being from the 24'" of March to the 24'" of April A D. 1781, 
Viz' to the Cap' three pounds twelve Shillings, to the Lieuten- 
ant Three pounds, to the Sergeants two pounds each And 
to each Private One pound Sixteen Shillings, for the Service 
of the Month aforesaid ; And that there be also paid Eight 
pence p"" Day to Each of said Officers k privates in lieu of 
Rations, while in said Service & that said Roll be made in 
Conformity to said Establishment, k exhibited to the Com- 
mittee on Pay Rolls for examinatiuu k allowance 



348 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

Petition Selectmen of Lincoln. 

To the Hon*"^ Senate and House of Representatives of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

^ The Petition of the Selectmen of the Town of Lincoln 
Humbly Sheweth ^ That by a Resolve of the General Court 
Pass*^ June 5^*^ 1780 the said town was Called upon to procure 
Eleven Men to Reinforce the Continental Army for the term 
of Six months under the penalty of a fine of three Hundred 
Pounds for Each Deficiency That your Petitioners under- 
standing that said towns just proportion of the Reinforcement 
to be raised by said Resolve was but ten men according to 
The Rule by which the appointment was made and That the 
Eleventh man was added through a mistake of The Com- 
mittee who made the same, Presented a petition to the Gen- 
eral Court then Setting to be excused from Raising one of 
the men called for but were told that an Alteration at that 
time would be attended with inconveniences but that the town 
must be Considered when the fines for Deficiencies Should be 
Called for in the Next tax act — 

Your Petitioners beg leave further to shew, That by A 
Resolve Pass'd the 23*^ Day of the Same Month, the several 
Towns therein mentioned were Required to Raise an addi- 
tional l^umber of men equal to one fourth part of the number 
Required by the Resolve of the 5*^ of June aforesaid, and if 
A fraction of three remained after taking one fourth part of 
the number Called for in any town Such town was Required 
to procure a man on account of Such fraction, The number 
required of the town of Lincoln being through Mistake as 
aforesaid, Eleven, made a fraction of three And of Con- 
sequence required a second man more then the Just propor- 
tion of said town, Your Petitioners have been informed that 
when the last Tax Act was made Circumstances did not ad- 
mit of a Distant Confederation of the Complaint of particu- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 3-i9 

lar Town but that it was the Determination of The Hon'''^ 
Court to Consider Such Complaints upon Special Applica- 
tion, Consequently the Town of Lincoln is fined in the last 
Tax act for not raising the two men aforesaid The Sum of 
four pounds Each in specie — *[ We therefore in behalf of the 
Town aforesaid Humbly Pray your Hon""^ to take their Case 
into Consideration and Permit the fines aforesaid or other- 
wise relieve the town as you in your wisdom & justice shall 
think proper, and as in Duty Bound shall ever pray — 

Abijah Pierce ) Selectmen 

John Hartwell / of 

David Fisk / Lincoln 
Lincoln Oct' 'i" 1781 

In Senate October 9'" 1781 

Read & thereupon Ordered that Israel Nichols and Joseph 

Hosmer Esq""^ with such as the Hon'''® House may join be a 

Committee to consider this Petition and report what is proper 

to be done thereon 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presi''' 

In the House of Representatives Ocf 16, 1781 

Read & concurred & M"" Harrington, Mr Brown of Con- 
cord & Col Peck are joined 

Nath Gorham Speaker 

Resolve in Favor Selectmen of Lincoln. 

The Committee of Boath Houses Appointed to Consider 
the Petition of the Selectmen of IJncoln, Praying that said 
Town may be Excused from a fine of Eight Pounds Re- 
qiiire<l of Said Town in the last Tax Act through Mistake, 
ask Leave to Report by way of Resolve 
Comnionwealth of Massachusetts 

• I?esolvcd, that the Prayer of the Petition be CJranted, and 
that the Committee on the Present Tax Bill, be Directed, to 



350 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Creadit the Towu of Lincoln the Sum of Eight Pounds, 
being the Sum Required of Said Town, in the Last Tax Act, 
as a fine for the Deficiency of two men Set to Said Town 
Through Mistake 
In Senate Oct 20 1781 

Read & accepted 

Sent down for Concurrence S Adams Presid* 

In the House of Representatives 
Oct^ 22, 1781 

Read & concurred 

ISTath Gorham Speaker 
Approv'd John Hancock 

To Pay Teamsters and Grant Warrant to Com. General. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Ocf 4 1781 
Resolved, that the Governor be & he hereby is requested 
to order the Accounts of the Teamers, who of late, on his 
Application, assisted the Deputy Quartermaster General in 
transporting Stores to the Army, to be laid before the '"^ House 
for allowance & payment out of the next State Tax. ^Re- 
solved, that ^ the Governor be, and he hereby is requested to 
grant a Warrant on the Treasurer in favour of ^ the Com- 
missary General the sum of two hundred & fifty pounds, to 
enable him to supply Flour for the Garrison at Castle Island, 
& the Troops in the Eastern Department. ° — 

Sent up for concurrence 

jSTath Gorham Speaker 
Mr. Brown 23'' ins* |- 
In Senate October 4**' 1781 

Read & Committed 
Octob 9'*' Read & Concurred with Amendments at A B & 
D at A dele House & insert General Court at B dele from B 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 351 

to C & insert, there be allowd & paid out of the publick Treas- 
ury to at D insert, he to be accountable for the same 
Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presi"' 
In the House of Representatives Oct 16, 1781 
Read & Concurred 

ISTath Gorham Speaker 
Approv'd John Hancock 

T. D. Street to Serg* Burns. 

Fort Howe 5'*^ Oct: 1781 
Serg* Bums 

I have just time to write you an Account of my Safe Ar- 
rival here about five Weeks Since & request you'll acquaint 
our Friend in Boston that I am arrived safe & have procured 
the Release of the person he mentioned to me when we parted 

— if he was not gone from Halifax before my Arrival here- — 
Major Studholm has two Rebel prisoners here, who will not 
be released on any pretence whatever untill your Return — 
I have Wrote to Halifax a particular Account of the Treat- 
ment of our prisoners in Boston & have no doubt but it will 
be properly attended to — Continue to despise the Rascalls 
around you & you will allways be superior to them — laugh 
at their Villainous & unmanly Oppression & remember that 
whilst I have existence, not an Injury you feall shall remain 
uiircvcng'd — inclosed is a Letter which I beg you'll convey 
to Cap' Leake by a safe hand as privately as possible — 
I remain Your Friend 

T D Street V R. F. S. 
Serg' Burns. ^ P. S. Write to mc by every Opportunity 

— Your Wife is well cV in goo'i Ilcaltli as well as the rest of 

your Friends here 

T. D. S. 



352 DOCUMENTARY HISTOKY 

T. D. Street to Boh' Leake. 

Fort Howe 5'*^ Oct : 1781 
Dear Sir 

I arrived here about five weeks since, having escaped from 
the prison Ship, as I suppose you have heard — | Instantly 
on my Arrival at Penobscot I represented your Case in its 
proper light & have Strained every Presure in your Behalf; 
I hope not without Effect — On my Arrival here I wrote to 
Halifax on the same Subject to a Gentleman who will pay 
Attention to your Situation — I have also Stated the General 
Treatment of prisoners in Boston & I think the Rebel prison- 
ers in Halifax have e're this, felt the Rod of Retaliation — 
pray tell my good friend Crocker, if he is still near you, that 
I have done the same for him — the least recompense I could 
make for his Civilities during my Confinement — May God 
bless you both & shower down his Curses on your Oppressors 
— rely on it such prisoners will be detained for you both in 
Halifax as will secure your Exchange in spite of those Vil- 
lains who wish to detain you & untill that Exchange takes 
place, let your behavior convince those dastardly wretches 
around you that themselves and their Cause are equally 
Villainous & Contemptible. I remain 

Dear Leake Your sincere Friend 

T. D. Street P R F. S. 
Cap' Rob* Leake. 

Petition of Amos Lincoln. 

To whom it may Concern Boston OctoV S*"" 1781 

To the Honorable Senate and house of Representatives of the 

Commonwealth of the Massachusetts in General Coart 

Assembled — 

The Petition of Amos Lincoln Captain of a Company of 

Matrosses in the Service of the Commonwealth — Humbly 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 353 

Shovreth that your Honours on April IS**" 1781 did direct the 
Committee of Supplies of Cloa thing for this Commonwealth 
1o Supply me with a suite of Cloaths and Blanketts for each 
man that I had in my Comp^ then, which was Twenty six, 
since I have five Inlisted into Said Comp'': which are in 
great want of Cloathing and Blankets your Petitioner 
Humbly Pray your Honours will be please to give the said 
Committee Orders to Deliver Cloathing and Blankets upon 
my Making a Return to them of the men that is inlisted into 
said Comp^' as in Duty bound will ever Pray 

Amos Lincoln Cap* 
Boston Oct^ 9 1781 

On the Petition of Amos Lincoln Captain of a Company 
of IMatrosses in the Service of the Commonwealth Resolved 
that the Committee of Supplies be, and they are hereby Di- 
rected to Supply Captain Amos Lincoln with Cloathing for 
five Men, Inlisted by him, and any others that may Inlist 
hereafter on his making a Return thereof agreeable to a Re- 
solve of April 18: 1781 



Appointment of Committee. 

Commonvv'calth of i\lassacliusetts 

In Senate October 9"' 1781 

Or(lcrc<l that Jedidiah Preble and Aaron Wood Esq" with 

such as the TTon'''° House may join be a Committee to take 

into consifleration and report the number of men necessary 

to be retaincfl in the Service, as Cuards of the Sea Coast — 

Sent down for CoiicurrciH-e 

S Adams Presi^' 

In tlic ll.Misoof K(;i)rcsentatives i)i-X' IG, 1781 

Read & concurred cV Col. Gcrrish Gen' Lovell & Gen' Tit- 

V()\\\\) 'AVI' jnilicd 

Nalli CJorham Speaker 



23 



354 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

The Committee of both Houses to take into consideration 
and report the number of men necessary to be Retained in the 
Service as Guards of the Sea Coast have Considered that 
Matter and take leave to Report the following Resolve viz* - — 

Jedidiah Preble p'' order 

C^ommonwealth of Massachusetts 

If Resolved that the Guards stationed at Falmouth and 
Cape Elizabeth consisting of one Serjeant and twelve 
Matrosses and the Guard at Marble Head consisting of one 
Serjeant and four Matrosses be retained and Continued un- 
till the First day of March next upon the same Establishment 
Made in the Resolve of Fel/ 20 — 1781 — and it is further 
Resolved that the Guard at Plum Island: Glouster: Beverley: 
Salem : and the Gurnet : be forth with Discharged : and the 
Commander in Chief be desired to Dismiss them accordingly : 
and give Snch Orders as he shall think proper for Securing 
the Cannon and Stores belonging to this Common wealth : 
in the Fourts on Plum Island: Glouster: Beverley Salem, 
and the Gurnet — 
In Senate Nov-" 2 1781 

Read & accepted 

Sent down for Concurrence S Adams Presi''* 

In the House of Representatives Nov. 2, 1781 

Read & concurred 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
Approv'd John Hancock 

Memorial of Laphatn and Thomas. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts To the Honourable Senate 

and House of Repres'' In General Court Assembled — 

Humbly Shews — Joseph Lapham and Benj^ Thomas Both 

of Marshfield in the County of Plimouth that they Were 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 355 

Both Impressed on the 12'" Day of July 1779 and Put on 
Board the Ship Warren and in a few Days Sailed for Penob- 
scot in Which Expidition they and Each of them were seven 
weeks Before we Got Home in Which Time we underwent 
Grate Hardships and have never Received any thing for our 
Services Wherefore Your Petitioners Pray that your Honours 
Would Take our Case into your Wise Consideration and 
Grant us Such Recompense for our Time and Services as 
you in your Grate Wisdom shall think Just and Reasonable 
and as in Duty Bound Shall Ever Pray- — 

Joseph Lapham Benjamin Thomas 
Plim" Ss. Ocf y*' 1.3'" 1781 

then the above named Joseph Lapham and Benj'' Thomas 
Both Personally appeared and made oath that the facts sot 
forth in the above Petition are True Before 

Jn" Turner Justice Peace 



John Allan to the Governor. 

Indian Eastern Department, Machias October 17'" 1781 
Sir 

My last I had the Honor of Writing your Excellency, was 
of the 6'" Ins' then Acquainted your Excellency tbe situation 
of the Department, allso that a Number of Inhabitants of 
Goldsboro & Places Adjacent, Encouraged by the promises 
made By tbe Enemy at S' Johns were going lliero, to aid & 
assist in Loading the Mast Ships — In Consequence I have 
taken Every Step in my Power to send Word to Indiana fr 
others to Intercept them — 

Great number of the Indians which went to S' Johns are 
Returned into the Lakes Back of Passamaquody, I Dread 
much their Coming in Here, in Onr present situation, shall 
do Every thing in my Power to keep up their Spirits & 



356 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

secure their Interest, A Considerable Number have been in 
at times lately — 

Cap* Preble IMajor Stillinan & some others at Passama- 
quody surprised a Boat & seven men from S' Johns Going 
to Baguaduce, Bj whom found the within Letters, As it 
Concerns Prisoners, thot Best to forward them Street is the 
officer taken Last Spring & Sent up in the French frigate, He 
made His Escape a short time Ago from the Prison Ship 
1 Two large mast ships are still at S* Johns Loading — a 
Number of Deserters and others lately from Nova Scotia, 
heard nothing material only fortifying Halifax strong — 

]\P Low late Master of the Defence with 18 men, who went 
up the Bay By Order of Cap* Nevens, has since returned, 
having been attacked By the Militia — Two men taken, the 
Best made their Escape thro' the woods to Cape Sable, from 
thence Bro* over here By some French Accadians — 

The situation of this Department Is now Truely Lament- 
able such that I am Convinced Did your Excellency see it, 
would have much Pity 1 The season of the Year Being Over 
for any Danger, And as I trust and Rely the War near a 
Conclusion, And it appearing not meter ial to have an Officer 
of my ranque at this Post, should I not be permited to Go soon 
to the westward — Pray the Dismission from my Military 
Command of this Place — During the time I may Continue 
with the Indians, It will be more Advantageous, to Be on the 
Lakes of Passamaquody in the Center of their Haunt, But at 
the same time, must put your Excellency in remembrance of 
my going Westward ^I have the Honour to Be, with the 
Greatest Eespect 

Your Excellency's most obed* and very hble Serv* 

J Allan 
In Senate Oct' 31^* 1781 

Read & sent down 

S Adams Presid* 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 357 

Resolve in Favor of Falmouth Soldiers. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Oef 17 1781 
Whereas on the 3*^ Sepf 1779 the Council of this then 
State Ordered three hundred men to be detached in the 
County of Cumberland, & marched to Falmouth for the de- 
fence of that part of the State, to be on such Establishment 
as the General Court should afterwards order; and whereas 
no Establishment has yet been made for s*^ men ; therefore, 
Tj Resolved, that the Officers & Soldiers, who marched to Fal- 
mouth, & did duty in Consequence of s*^ Order be on the same 
Establishment, & be entitled to receive the same pay, as the 
Officers & Soldiers, who served in the eastern department the 
last year, & there did duty under the Command of Brig"" 
General Wadsworth : And the Committee on Rolls are hereby 
directed to pass the pay Rolls for s'' men accordingly 
Sent up for concurrence 

I^ath Gorham Speaker 
In Senate Oct. 17 1781 

Read & Concurred S Adams Presi*** 

Approv'd John Hancock 

Petition of Tliomas Starrett. 

To the Honor' Senate & House of Representatives for the 
Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

Tlic Petition of Thomas Starrett Col. of the Fourth 
Regim' in the County of Lincoln in behalf of the Inhabitants 
of the Eastern part of Said County Humbly Sheweth 

That the said Inhabitants are in a Peculiar Manner Ex- 
posed to the Ravages of the Enemy, and the Insults of the 
Disaffected wlio Still reside amongst them; and although 
the Government have Voted & been at the Expence of Raising 
& Supporting a Considerable Number of Men for tlic Defence 



358 DOCUMENTAEY HISTOKY 

of the Eastern Country Yet Such has been the Disposition 
of that Force (being Stationed at the Western Part of the 
County of Lincoln that the Eastern Part of said County 
which is most Exposed Derives no more Protection from them 
than if they were Stationed in the County of Berkshire, Thus 
are tliey Left to be Insulted and Ravaged by the Enemy, and 
Insultingly Told by the Toreys that the Government have 
given them up and Dont mean to Protect any Part of the 
County below Kenebeck Thus Circumstanced Your Petition- 
er begs your Honors to take their Deplorable Case into your 
wise Consideration & grant Such Relief as the good of the 
Common Wealth & their Circumstances Requires, and Your 
Petitioner as in Duty Bound Shall Ever Pray 

Thomas Starrett 
Octo"" 18"^ 1781 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Oct 19, 1781 
Read & thereupon ordered That Col' Taylor, Gen' Lovell 
& M"" Hall with such as the Hon' Senate shall join be a Com- 
mittee to take this Petition into consideration, & report what 
may be proper to be done thereon 
Sent up for concurrence 

j^ath Gorham Speaker 
In Senate Oct 19 1781 

Read & Concurred & Jedediah Preble & Eliezer Brooks 

Esq"" are joyned S Adams Presid^ 



Caleb Grajfam to General Court. 

To the Hon° Senate & House of Representatives of the Com- 
monwealth of Massachusetts 
Tf Humbly shews Caleb Graif am of Windham in the Coun- 
ty of Cumberland Gentleman, that in order to support a 
petition by him some time since to use a certain list of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 359 

Assessments made by the assessors of Windham of a penny 
halfpenny tax so called granted by the General Court up on 
the unimproved lands in said Windham as also y® Notifica- 
tion for the sale of Delinquent proprietors lands, l)oth which 
papers are now on file in the Secretary's office, that those 
papers are necessary to enable him to support an action by 
review to bo heard at y^ next supreme Judicial Court to be 
held for said County of Cumberland — Wherefore he humbly 
prays the Secretary may be directed to deliver them to your 
petitioner he leaving Copies of the same, & he as in duty 

bound will ever pray &c 

Caleb Graffam 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate October 20, 1781 
On the Petition of Caleb Grafl"am '[Resolved, That the 
Secretary be, & he hereby is directed to deliver out of his 
Office to Caleb Graffam, certain papers on File, which con- 
tain the List of lYssessments made by the Assessors of the 
Town of Windham and the said Graffam's iSTotification for 
the sale of delinquent Proprietor's Lands in said Town ; The 
said Graff"am previously furnishing said Office with attested 
Copies of the same. — 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presi'^' 

In the House of Representatives Oct 22, 1781 
Read & concurred 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
Approv'd John Hancock 



Certifiaite of Sfepheii Smith. 

Machias October 23 1781 
These may certify that Jtobert Foster Lait Quarter Master 
lo the Troops Stationed at & for the Defence of Machiaa 



360 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Drew 1^0 Rations from the Commissarys Store in this place 
from the twenty third Day of January one thousand seven 
hundred & Seventy Eight until the Sixteenth Day of May 
then next following per 

Stephen Smith 



Resolve in Favor John Blunt. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

In house of Representatives Ocf 24, 1781 
On the representation of John Lucas Commissary of Con- 
tinental Pentioners, in behalf of John Blunt Lieu* in Co' 
Hitchcock^ Reg* who was Wounded on long Island y^ 2T^ 
of August 1776, also was Wounded at the landing at Major- 
bigwayduce, in August 1779 when as Cap* in Gen' Lovels 
Corps '^ I Resolved That the said John Blunt is Intitled 
to one Quarter pay as a Cap* to Commence from the ^ first 
day of January 1781 ^ and to continue 'till the farther order 
of the General Court — 

Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 

In Senate Oct 30 1781 

Read & Concurred with Amendment at A & B 
Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presi^* 

T[ at A. insert whereby his Right Arm is renderd in a great 
measure useless | at B dele from B to C & insert Sixth of 
September one thousand seven hundred & eighty 
Read & Concurred 

N Gorham Speaker 
Approv'd John Hancock 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 361 

Certificate Accompanying Above. 

Boston June 19*" 1781 
Tliese Certify that John Blount Was Wounded througli 
the Shoulder in making the landing at Major Bagaduce, 
which he informs me is yet unwell, and is Still an Invalide 

Solomon I^ovell 

To the Commissary of Pentioners 

Tiverton Sep"- 1^' 1778 
I here by certiiie that the Barer L' Jn° Blunt was a Lieut 
in Col° Hitchcocks Reg* of which I was L' Col° and he was 
wounded and taken Prisoner on Long Island on the Twenty 
Seventh day of August 1776 during the time he remained 
v/ith the Reg* he was brave 

Ezek Comell 



To the Hon*"'* Senate & House of Representatives of the Com- 
mon Wealth — 
^John Lucas In behalf of John Blunt a Lieu* in CoP 
Hitchcocks Reg* & who was wounded on Long Island 27*'' 
Aug* 1776 Also who. was wounded in Aug* 1779 when a 
Captain at the landing at Majorbigwayduce all w*" Appears 
by his Certificates 

John Lucas Com^'"'^ 



Pension Office at Boston 24*'^ Sep* 1781 

Boston Ocf 16*" 1781 
These certify that Cap* John Blunt was wounded (in 
making the landing at Majorbigwaduco on the 28*'' of July 
in year 1779 iji his right Sbonlder which Wound has in a 
great measure deprived him of Use of his said Arme 

Doct' Elip* Downer 



362 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Memorial of Ezra Taylor. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

October 24*'' 1781 

To the Honorable the Senate and house of Representatives 
in Gener' Court Assembled 

The Memorall of Ezra Taylor of Pownalboroh In tlie 
County of Lincoln In behalf of James Goud one of the Con- 
stables of Said Town for the year 1780 — 1[ Humbly shews 
*1 That your memoralist has now in his possession Five 
Thousand six hundred &; Twenty three dollars of the old 
Emission which was sent To the Treasury of this Common 
Wealth the beginning of August Last, and that your Memo- 
rialist has the oath of said Constable duely Taken, that he 
received said money on the Taxes Comited to him to Colect 
& that he received the greatest part of said sum before the 
Twentieth day of July Last & the residue on said day & that 
the whole of said bills was received before he had any kind 
of Knowledge or Intimation of the Resolve passed on the 
third day of the same July restraining Constables from the 
Takeing said bills, that your memorialist has presented said 
bills to the Treasurer of this CommonWealth with the Oath 
afore said, that the s*^ Treasurer refused to Take the said 
bills — ^ Wherefore your memorialist prays the Interpo- 
sition of this Honra*^"" Court that the said Constable may 
be relieved in such way and maner as the Wisdom & Justice 
of this Honra*"'® Court Shall Direct, and in duty bound shall 
&c Ezra Taylor 



Pownalboro July 24- 1781 
James Goud one of the Collectors of Taxes in the Town of 
Pownalborough for the year 1780 on Oath deposeth and saith 
That the Sum of five thousand six hundred & twentv three 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 363 

Dollars in the old Emission deliver'd Jon'"^ Bowman Esq. on 
the twentieth instant to be paid into the Treasury of this 
Commonwealth he the said James roaley and truly received 
in payment of the Taxes committed to him to collect — and 
tliat he received the greater part of said Sum before the 
twentieth day of July instant, and the Residue upon said 
twentieth of July inst. and none since — And that the whole 
was received by him before he had any kind of Knowledge or 
Intimation of the passing a Resolve of the General Court 
on the third of July inst. requiring the Collectors to make 
Oath that they rec'd it before the 20'*^ of July.— Before 

Jon*" Bowman Just Peace 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives N'ovember y^ 2, 1781 
on the petition of Ezra Taylor in behalf of James Goud one 
of the Collectors of the town of Pownalboroh praying for the 
Interposition of the General Court respecting the payment 
of a Sum of money which he the said Collector had collected 
for the use of this Commonwealth as Sett forth in his peti- 
tion ^ Resolved that the Treasurer be and hereby is directed 
to receive of Ezra Taylor the Sum of five thousand Six hun- 
dred and Twenty three Dollars old Emission and Credit the 
aforesaid James Goud Collector of Pownall)orouh for the 
Same, ho having rec*^ part of said money on the twentieth of 
July notwithstanding 

Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 

In Senate Nov^ 2 1781 
Read & Concurred 

S Adams Presi*" 
Ariprov'd Jtilm Hancock. 



364 DOCUMENTAEY HISTOEY 

Action on Petition Thomas Starrett. 

October 30 1781 
The Committe of both Houses to whome was referd, the 
consideration of the Petition of Thomas Starret, have met 
& attended that Service, and as CV JVPCobb was in this 
Town who Commands the Troops, Stationed in the County 
of Lincoln they inquiered of him, rellative to the expe- 
dency of Sending more Troops for the defence of that 
County he inform"^ them that it was his opinion that the 
Troops now in that County would answer as the seeson of 
the year ware so fare advanc'^ it is therefore the opinion 
of the Comni" that the Petitioner have Leave to withdraw 
his Petition 

Jedidiah Preble p order 
In Senate Oct 30 1781 

Read & accepted & thereupon Orderd that the Petitioner 
have Leave to withdraw his Petition 
Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 



Petition Selectmen Town of Oorham. 

To his Excellency the Governor, The honourable Senate and 
house of Representatives of the Commonwealth of 
Massachusets in General Court assembled 
The Petition of the Selectmen of the Town of Gorham 
with Edward Anderson Agent in behalf of the Town of 
Windham Benjamin Mussey Agent in behalf of the In- 
habitants of Person Town and Enoch Perley Agent in behalf 
of the Proprietors Bridgton, Humbly Sheweth That the 
Inhabittants of the Towns and Plantations adjoyning the 
Stream known by the name of Pesumpscut River, Labours 



OF THE STATE OF MAIiS^E 365 

under Manv Grievances which appears too great Silently to 
be Bonrn That s'' River has in times Past been Remarkable 
for being f reqnentcd by Shad Bass Salmon &c — That about 
Forty years Since there v^as a Dam Erected across s"* River 
whereby the free Course of the fish was obstructed, and Since 
that time there has been a jSTumber of others Built whereby 
the Fish are Intirely Deprived of the use of s*^ River — 

That this honourable Court has been repeatedly petitiond 
for the Redress of s*^ Grievance but nothing has been Enacted 
that has Removd the Same 

The Prayer of your Petitioners therefore is that the Hon- 
ourable Court would appoint a Committee that Shall Cause 
Good and Sufficient fish Courses to be made through the 
Several Dams on S'' River, or point out Such meathods as 
they in their wisdom Shall Judge best that all obstructions in 
S'^ River may be Removed and the Fish Injoy the Previlege 
of the Stream as usual — 

The Reasons why the Prayer of this Petition Should be 
Granted are That the Inhabitants of the Plantations ad- 
joyning S'' Stream are many of them but in a State of infancy 
with Respect to Settlements and their Cultivations but Small 
that Renders it Difficult for them to Procure the absolute 
jNTecessaries of Life in these Sircumstanccs a Plenty of Fish 
comeing Even to their own Doors would Greatly contribute 
to their Support and not only to Such Plantations but to the 
Inhabittants of those Towns that are in more affluant Sir- 
cumstanccs would the advantage be Very considerable 
Especially to those on the Sea vSborc who Depend on the Cod 
fishery. For it is well known thai the small Fish Running 
in Shore for Frcsli water Streams Draw the Cod after them. 
And as our Fishing Craft by Reason of P)rittish Cruisers are 
ill these years confind lo narrow f>iniits, it makes it more 
Expedient that all Streams Should be opend where Fish 
liave been wont to frequent, for it appears to Ix) a grievance 



366 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

that ought no longer Quietly to be Bourn that one great Source 

of life which J^ature has provided for Publick use Should be 

Destroyed to Serve the Intrest of a Few individuals as 

your Petitioners in Duty bound Shall Ever Pray 

Edw" Phinny ) Selectmen of 
Wm Gorhani ) Gorham 

Edward Anderson 

Benj° Mussey \ Agents 

Enoch Perley 

Gorham in the County of Cumberland 

October ye 30^'^ 1781 



Petition of Joseph McLellan. 

To the Hon*"^ the Senate & House of Representatives of the 
Common Wealth 
Joseph McLellan, Humbly Sheweth that the State is In- 
debted to him for a Sloop & her Hier to the Amount of 
Twenty nine Hundred pound in 1779 as Appears, by Charter 
party 2*^ J\\\y your memorialist begs he may now be supply'd 
with a Cable and Ankor from the States Store, as he your 
memorialist is Informed by the State Agent their is in Store 
Such this things as he prays for — ^ 

Joseph Mclellan 
Boston 30'*" Oct. 1781 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Nov"" 1 1781 
On the Memorial & Petition of Joseph McLellan, praying 
that he may be supplyed with a Cable & Anchor from the 
State Store, in part pa\Taent for a Sloop & her hire, which 
Sloop was Destroyed in the State Service at Penobscott in 
the year 1779 ; t Resolved, that the pra^^er of the petition 
be so far granted, that in Case there is in the State Store such 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 36 < 

Cable «fe xVnchor as prayed for, then Caleb Davis Esq"" Agent 
for this Commonwealth be, & he hereby is impowered & di- 
rected to supply s'' JMcLellan therewith; s^ McLellan to ac- 
count for s" Cable & Anchor on the Charter party at the price 
agreed to by the Agent- 
Sent up for concurrence 

Nat Gorham Speaker 
In Senate 'Nov' 2 1781 
Read & Concurred 

S Adams Presi"' 
Approved John Hancock. 



Resolve in re Petition of James Avery in Behalf Col. Allan. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In House of Representatives 31 October 1781 
on the Petition of James Aver}'^ in Behalf of Col° John 
Allan of Machias Praying for the Sum of Eight Hundred 
Pounds to Inable him to Discharge Sundry Depts Con- 
tracted on Act of the Continent and that the Warrants s** 
Allan has on The Treasury for money of the New Emis- 
sion Drawn some Time Since May be Discharg'd in Hard 
Money }\ and that the Committee of Machias be Im- 
powered to Assess these Inhabitants with a Sum of IMoney 
Eaqual to the Depts they owe Govennent — ^ Resolved 
that there be paid out of the Treasury of this Common 
Wealth to Col" John Allan the Sum of eight hundred 
pounds and tlio Same be Charg'd to Ihe United States s'' 
Allan be Accountable for the Expenditure of the Same — 
^f and it is Further Resolved that the Treasurer of this 
Commonwealth be & he hereby is Directed to Discharge the 
Warronf Drnv.ri in Col" Allan" Favour in Nov' Last — 
in Hard Money at tbe Rates of one Silver Dollar for one 



368 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

& Seven Eighths of the new Emission ^f and it is further 
Resolved that the Committee of Machias for the Time be- 
ing be & they hereby are Authorized and Impowered 
to Assess on the Polls and Estates of the Inhabitants of 
IMachias the Sum of Money Which by the scale of de- 
pretiation is Dew from them to Goverment Eaqual to Each 
Persons Dept and s'' Coimnittee are hereby Directed to 
Collect the Same as Soon as maybe and Lodge the same 
in the Treasurers Office of this Commonwealth and Take 
Duplicate Recp* for the Same one to be Lodged in the 
Secretary's office aney Law or Resolve to the Contrary not- 
withstanding — 

Sent up for concurrence 

ISTath Gorham Speaker 

In Senate Nov. 2 1781 
Read & Concurred 

S Adams Presi*" 
Approv'd John Hancock 



Resolve on the Foregoing. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

By His Excellency the Governor 
You are, by and with the Advice and Consent of Coun- 
cil, ordered and directed to pay unto M"" James Avery for 
the Use of Col" John Allen of Machias ^ the Sum of 
Eight hundred pounds to enable him to discharge Sundry 
Debts contracted on Acco* of the Continent — the same to 
be charged to the United States — said Allen to be ac- 
countable for the Expenditure of the same by a Resolve 
passed the 2*^ Nov"" 1781 Tf for which this shall be your war- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 369 

rant ^ Given under my Hand at Boston, the twentieth Day 

of jN^ov'" 1781 the sixth year of American Independence 

John Hancock 
To Hon Henry Gardner Esq*" Treasurer 

^By Order of the Governor with the Advice and Consent 
of Council 

John Avery Sec''^ 
Dec*" 14"' 1781 Eec'' Fifty One pounds on ace* of the within 

Ja^ Avery 
Dec'" 2 4'*' 1781 Eec" one hundred & Two pounds 

Jas Avery 
" 29 1781 Eec'' one hundred & Two pounds 

Ja' Avery 
1782 Jan^ S'"" Rec'^ Two hundred & forty four pounds 
Sixteen Shillings on ace* of the within — 

Jas Avery 

Feb'' 13 Kec'd three hundred pounds four Shillings in full 

Jas Avery 



James Avery's Petition in Behalf of Col. Allan. 

To the Hon'''^ Senate & House of Kepresentatives of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 
•; The Petition of James Avery Agent for Colonel John 
Allan Comd* at Machias ^[ Humbly Sheweth Tf That in 
November last yours Honors were pleased to order War- 
rents to be Drawn on the Treasurer for the Payment of 
the Troops and other Expences of that Department, there 
being very little Money in the Treasury at that Time the 
said Warrents c!ou'd not be Discharged, and Col" Allan 
having Drawn orders on 3'our Petitioner to a Largo 
Amount besides the paying the Men's Wages & other Ex- 
pences of the Schooner ISToashquowoite, he was obliged to 

24 



370 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

borrow Large Summs of Money of A number of persons 
to pay them, which your Petitioner stands personally In- 
debted for and is daily pressd to Discharge them — Like- 
wise the Currency having greatly Depreciated, those that 
have advanced Expects to have it made good — ^ Therefore 
your Petitioner Humbly prays your Honors woud be 
pleased to take the foregoing facts into your wise Consid- 
eration & grant such relief as in your Wisdom and Justice 
may think fit — and your petitioner as in duty bound shall 
ever pray 

J as Avery 
Boston Sep"" 12*" 1781 



Memorial of John Allan in re Liquidation of Debts. 

Indian Eastern Department Machias June 20''' 1781 
To the Hon''**' Senate & House of Representatives of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

^ The Memorial of John Allan Continental Superintend- 
ent & Commander in Chief of Indian Eastern Department. 

Your Memorialist is under the Necessity of Troubling 
your Honors again for Assistance to Enable him to Dis- 
charge the Debts Contracted for the Public Service, — your 
Mem'^*^ having received Instructions the last fall & this Spring 
to Support the Department as Usual, both in securing the 
Interest of the Indians & Defending the Country, no Supplys 
having arrived for some time and the different Movements 
of the Enemy, as well as the Unsteady Conduct of the In- 
dians, was Compelled to procure supplys under great Dis- 
advantages to Enable him to Execute the ISTecessary Duty — 
your Honors having been so Indulgent as to order £600 new 
Emission last February for the same purpose your memo'^* 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 371 

was thereby Enabled to Discharge some part, but by the 
Depreciation, with Matters Contracted since Makes the 
Amount more Considerable ^Your Memorialist having 
Called in & Settled all Acc'^ of this Department Contracted 
here, Ballances Stands due to several persons About the 
Sum of Eight Hundred Pounds in Specie, for which your 
Mem"^' has granted Certificates to Each person for the 
Amount due them & by the Promises made to the said per- 
sons your Mem'^* is Sacredly Bound to see them Discharged 
as soon as Possible, — Your Memorialist having solicited for 
permission to go Westward to settle all his Accounts as allso 
to make Reports & Communicate Necessary Matters to the 
Several Departments he is accountable to, Defers for that 
Reason Transmiting to your Honors by this Opportunity the 
said Accounts, Therefore Humbly Prays at this time that 
your Honors wou'd be pleased to order to be paid into the 
Hands of M"" James Avery Acting Agent of this Department 
the sum of Eight Hundred Pounds value in hard money for 
the purpose aforesaid. ^\ Your Memorialist has allso En- 
gaged a Chaplin for the Use of the Eastern Indians, whose 
behavour & Conduct has been of the Most Assential Service 
in Securing the Indian Interest, by the Indulgence of the 
French Admiral lie has Continued, and from the Various & 
fetcagueing bussincss he has to persue your Mcm"^' Fixed his 
salery as low as in Justice Cou'd Possibly be. His being a 
Subject & in the Service of the Illusterous Ally of America, 
your Mem"*"^ has Endeavour'd to make every thing as Agree- 
able & as Comfortable as his Situation wou'd Admit, 
Promising allso lull Satisfaction shoud be made without 
Doniiniition, J\Iust Therefore Humbly request, that said 
Chaplin May have his Salary Confirm'd & ordered to be paid 
in its full Value, — An Interpreter was allso Employ'd in 
Boston by the Hon"'" Council which during his Time of 
Service it is allso requested may be paid, as there is no fur- 



3Y2 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ther Occation for a French Interpreter, have Discharged him 
the Service — ^Your Memorialist with the most profound 
Duty & respect Submits the whole to your Honors Wisdom 
& Determination 

J Allan. 



Petition in Behalf Inhabitants Machias. 

To the Hon*''*' Senate & House of Representatives of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 
^ The Petition of James Avery in behalf of the Inhabi- 
tants of Machias — Tf Humbly Sheweth ^f That said In- 
habitants at the Commencement of the present War rec'' 
Considerable Summs of Money from the Public to relieve them 
in their distress'd Situation — by a late Resolve, all who 
stand Indebted to the Public are call'd upon for settle- 
ment, your Honors their Instructions to him tSi begs you'll 
be pleased to take the same into your wise Consideration 
and grant them such relief as your Honors may think fit, 
and your Petitioner as in Duty Bound will ever pray ^ 

Jas Avery 
Boston Sep"" 12"' 1781 



Complaint of Juniper Berthiaume. 

To the Honorable the Senate & House of Representatives of 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 
The information and Complaint of Juniper Berthiaume 
Recolect Instructor of the Tribe of Penobscut Indians 
1 Humbly Sheweth That about twelve months ago I had the 
care of the Penobscot Tribe of Indians by a resolve of the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 373 

General Court put into n\y bands, from which time I looked 
upon it as part of Duty that Justice Should be done to said 
Indians by the Truck master at Fort Hallifax. By the 
Complaints of almost all the Indians to me, and what ob- 
servation I could make myself it plainly appeared to me that 
the Truck master at fort Hallifax did and persists in doing 
unjustly by the Indians I shall instance in Several things that 
are wrong Viz^ He kept back one half of the hatchets sent 
by the Goveram* as a present to s" Indians, and made them 
pay at the rate of a silver dollar a piece for fifty kept back. 
He chainged their Knives sent as before to one half wooden 
handled ones, and sold the Jack knives the Indians should 
have had for a silver dollar or its value a piece for them 
He took a moose skin for two quarts of rum most part 
of last winter He took six moose skins for each blanket 
altho' very ordinary He took twelve moose skins for each 
rugg from the Indians, & two Guineas a piece from the 
English for it makes no odds with him who he trades with 
altho the Indians are much offended thinking the truck 
is kept for them, all other things he has to sell is equally 
extravagant to the above specimen — He does not give the 
Indians weight and measure as an honest man should 
do Besides I am fully of opinion he is not friendly to 
the american cause, I am informed by good authority 
that said truckmastcr about six weeks ago purchased a 
yoak of fat oxen at Sibesticook and that one Cap* Gin carried 
said oxen to penobscot along with a number of other cattle 
The Indians complain sorely of the evil treatment they 
have received from said Truckmaster and say they cannot 
come to fort Hallifax to trade till their trade ] 

At present some Indians are gone to Canada others to Maja- 
biguaduce and trades with the Brittains These disorders 
respecting the Indians it is not in my power to prevent as 
things arc now Cin-unistumcd Tlicicforc prays your Ex- 



374 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

cellency & Honours would enquire into matters of the Facts 

respecting the truck at Fort Hallifax and evel tratement 

the Indians have received there and your Complanant as in 

Duty bound Shall ever pray 

S. Juniper Berthiaume 

Recollet 
Winslow Nov 20''' 1781 



Petition of Inhabitants of Georgetown. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 

To the Hon^'*' the Senate & house of Representatives of in 
General Court to be assembled, 
The Petition of the Inhabitants of Georgetown on Ken- 
nebec River, humbly Sheweth, 

That the said Inhabitants have ever understood that 
their raising a proportion of Men for the defence of the 
Eastern Country the last Campaign, was intended by the 
General Court, as a temporary excuse for not raising their 
quota of Men for the continental Army, untill the further 
Orders of Court for that purpose: they cannot therefore 
help expressing their surprize & concern ! on finding them- 
selves called upon, by a Resolve of the General Court of 
the 20'^ of October last, for the average price of the Men 
assessed on this Town for the Army, with an additional 
sum of fifty p Cent, as a fine, for not having procured 
them before; nor can they for the reason abovementioned 
think themselves subject to the said fine of fifty p Cent, 
upon the principles of propriety or justice — But as the 
said Inhabitants are sanguine in the opinion, that, on an 
adequate view of their situation & circumstances, your 
Honours will see & readily acknowledge, the impropriety 
of the said Inhabitants being compell'' to furnish the whole 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 375 

Xumber of Men for the Continental Army originally as- 
sessed on said Town, thev therefore humbly pray yoiir 
Honours paternal regards for a moment to the following 
simple State of Facts. 

This Town which forms the entrance of the River Ken- 
nebec, is situated on the Sea Coast, & is surrounded & 
intersected, by numerous Rivers, Bays & Creeks ; a cir- 
cumstance that renders it extremely accessible to the 
enemy's Cruizers & hostile \Yhale-boats, a circumstance 
too, of which, they have frequently availed themselves since 
the commencement of the War, to distress & plunder the 
Inhabitants, to which acts of hostility, they are also strongly 
invited, by the said River's being the principle resort of 
Coasting Vessels from the Westward, which must pass 
through said Town on their way up the River in search of 
Lumber — most of the said Inhabitants have borne arms 
against the King of Great Britain, either here or in the Con- 
tinental Army, & many individuals are from that circum- 
stance, together with a spirited opposition to the various arts 
of the british Commanders, to detach this Country from its 
alliegance to the United States become peculiarly Obnoxious; 
<fc in the present defenceless State of said Town are subject 
to be taken off by the Enemy, whenever they see fit — The s'' 
Irdiabitants are deprived of the essential advantages which 
they formerly derived from their Lumber & Fishery by the 
intire Capture of their Coasting & other Vessels — their 
Crops the last season have everywhere fallen greatly Short, 
& in many places are totally destroyed by the Worms & 
the most severe drought that has been known for many Years, 
so that the greatest part of the Money which they can by any 
means collect, must be applied to the purchasing Corn at the 
Westward, for the Support of their families — nor have such 
jf the said Inhabitants, as have served for three Years past 
li iJcfV-iicf,' of this pai-l of tlic ('(^iiiiti-y, us yet, received unv 



376 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

part of their Wages which might in some Measure enable 
them to comply with the various Requisitions of Govern- 
ment — 

Thus circumstanced, the said Inhabitants beg leave to ap- 
proach the Legislative Body of the Commonwealth ! & humbly 
to request, that they may be absolutely exempted from the s** 
fine of fifty P Cent, & that such an abatement may be made 
in the Number of Men demanded of them, & such time al- 
lowed to obtain them in as your Honours in your great Wis- 
dom may think proper & Your Petitioners as in duty bound 

will ever pray 

Alexander Drumond 1 Select Men 
David Oliver 3 of Georgetown 

Georgetown Dec"" 13"^ 1781 



Account of Massachusetts Against the United States. 

Dr The United States to the Commonw**" of Massachusetts 
for sundrys supply'd for the defence of y® Post at 
Machias 
Itemized account, supply s etc £7897 . 8 : 

To paid Col° Aliens Officers & Soldiers for their 
Wages as p"" Acco* p"" the Committee for 
Settling with the Army 2401 . 3.8 

Specie £10298 .11.8 



Affidavit of Jeremiah Tolman. 

Jeremiah Tolman of Lawful Age Testifieth & saith that 
sometime in the beginning of June last after an alarm had 
been given that the Enemy had arrived at Camden taken 
several Persons Prisoners and carried away a Number of 
Guns & other Articles, & destroyed some Camion &c This 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 377 

Deponent a Selectman of the Town of Thomaston was De- 
sired By Major Wheatou Esq, to go to Colonel McCobb, and 
desire him to come, or send some Men to protect & Guard 
these part, accordingly I went and the Colonel, told me that 
he was waiting for Boats from the Governor and hoped to 
he here soon himself, and further saith not 

Jeremiah Tolman 



Petitio7i of Barbara Douglass. 

To His Excellency the Governor in Council 

The Petition of Barbara Douglass humbly sheweth, that at 
the last supreme Judicial Court at Falmouth her husband, 
Robert Douglass, was indited, and tried, and condemned for 
theft; that among other punishment he was adjudged to be 
whipped at the publick whiping Post: This must involve a 
family intirely dependent on their Industry and Reputation 
for their necessary support, in extreme misery: It would be 
improper for your Petitioner to assert the Character she and 
her unhappy family have hitherto endeavoured to sustain, 
and have been happy in the enjoyment of: She hopes the 
Names of the Gentlemen who are kind enough to give her 
their assistance will sufficiently evince it to Your Excellency. 
Iler family consists of seven young Children. The three 
eldest are Daughters from 14 to 19 years old ; the four 
younger are Sons from ll/o to 10 years old — For the sake of 
these Your Petitioner humbly prays for the interposition of 
Your Excellency's Clemency, and that in goodness the Cor- 
jioral punishment adjudged to her Husband may be remitted. 

Barbara Douglass 

We the Subscribers most heartily join the above signed 
liarl^ara Douglass in the prayer of her Petition — Thos. 
Willson Elecksandci- Porter Ridi'' 'rcni[)le, Jon" Thompson, 



378 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

John Winchell, Stuart Hunt, James Elbet Treat, Natli 
Hinkley, Samuel Gatehell, ISTath^ Larrabee, Thom^ Simons, 
James Curtis, Sam' Stanwood, Benj* Thompson, TheopP 
Hinkley, George Heddean Thomas Berry, Sam' Dunkan, H"" 
Tobey, James Willson, John Potter, Joseph Potter, henry 
I'ater, John Mallet, Moses Ilodgkins, Charles Cousins, Ezra 

Randal, Eaton, William Willson, John Allan, Jabe 

Jeleson, John Merrill, Stephen Roach, William Mallet, Elijah 
Tilden, Robert Cleaves, James Paters, John Dunlap, John 
Cone, Robert Alexander, John Alexander, Tho^ Thompson, 
John Alexander, W" Alexander, Stephen Linnell, Alexander 
Potter, Ezek' Thompson, Jedidiah Adams, Zebulon Preble, 
James Landers, Andrew Duglas, frank Duglas, John Teyly, 
Wilam Dugles, Abiel Rieheson, henry Rieheson, Prine Roes 



Petition of Officers et als in County of Lincoln. 

To the Hon**'^ Senate and House of Representatives for the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts — 
\ The Petition of the Field officers and of the Selectmen 
& other Inhabitants of the fourth Regiment in the County of 
Lincoln in behalf of the poor Distressed inhabitants Situated 
as it were under the Cannon of the Enemy humbly Sheweth 
*{ That the Said inhabitants are in a peculiar Manner Ex- 
posed to the Raveges of the Enemy and the insults of the 
disaffected who Still reside amongst us, & although the Gov- 
ernment have Voted & been at the Expence of Raising & 
Supporting a Considerable Number of men for the Defence 
of the eastern Country, yet Such has been the disposition of 
that Force not being Stationed in the Front Gave the Enemy 
Great advantage to Carry on their Plans through the Said 
County, and it is Commonly Reported that Proclamations 
are Sent through the Said County in a Private manner by 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 379 

the Enemy for all to Come iu and take the oath of illegianee 
to them and it appears plain that Numbers have Gone there, 
and we are insultingly told that we will be all under British 
Government in the Spring as far as Kenebeck River, and 
our Melitia tho once Good is got Cold and disheartened as 
we have no Protection and left to Ravages of the enemy for 
TO Kill burn and distroy as thay have done and Still threaten 
to Burn and distroy if they are found acting in the Cause 
of our Country, thus left to an exasperated enemy Seems 
Cruel 1^ Thus Circumstanced, Your Petitioners begs your 
Hon" to take their Deplorable Case into your Wise Consider- 
ation & Grant Such a relief of Continental troops as the 
Good of the Comonwealth and our Circumstances Requires 
and Your Petitioners as in duty Bound Shall ever Pray 
^ Thomas Starret, Hatevil Libbey [ Field officers 
^ Patrick Pepbles, William Bogs [ Select Men 
T[ Mason W^heaton, John M^^Intyer, Alex"" Lermond, John 
Wyllie, Sam' Brown, James Brown William Lermond, At- 
wood Fales, Philip Bobbins, Paul Jameson, John Sper, 
William Robinson 



Petition of Stephen Barton et als. 

To the Hono''''' the Senate and House of Representatives of 

the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General Court 

assembled — Gentlemen 

^ The Petition of us the Subscribers Humbly Sheweth 

That whereas the General Court by their Resolves have Re- 

(|uiicd of the T(jvvn of Vasselboro Six Continental men for 

three years or During the war — as also a Large Quantity of 

Beef the Town Toeing Sensable that it is not in their Power 

to Comply with your Honour Requisitions having (Jhosen 

us the Subscribers to Petition noui- Ibui" and Prav foi- Relief 



380 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

for Reason Hereafter mentioned as your Petitioners are fully 
Certain there is not money Enough in s"^ Town to Hire two 
Continental men at the Price they would Engage for Neither 
do your Petitioners Suppose there is Provision in said Town 
were it Equally Divided any way to supply the Inhabitants 
till May next Occasioned By Repeated Droughts and un- 
favourable seasons & your Petitioners are so Situate in the 
mouths of the Enemy By Sea that it very Difficult Obtaining 
the Necessarys of Life which they must Have or Even Perish 
1^0 one article that your Petitioners have any way to Despose 
of will Conmiand money as their is no one article in the 
County of Lincoln Can be disposed of unless it is Lumber 
and unless our Sea Coasts and Trade Can be Protected your 
Petitioners Greatly fear that many People must Greatly 
suffer your Petitioners Trusting in your Honors Clemency 
and Goodness Hope your Hon""^ will Take their Destressed 
Circumstances into your wise Consideration and as in Duty 
Bound your Petitioners Shall Ever Pray 

Step : Barton I 

Samuel Grant ) Committee 

Jedediah Barton / 

Vasselboro Jan"" 15, 1782 



Petition of John Lewis. 

To the Honourable Senate & House of Representatives of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts, in General Court As- 
sembled Jan'^ IC, 1782 
1 The Petition of John Lewis, of North Yarmouth in the 
Countj'^ of Cumberland, on behalf of the Town of Cape Eliza- 
beth in said County Humbly Sheweth That from your Peti- 
tioner's being Appointed by the Hon"^ General Court to 
Receive the Cloathing & Soldiers of the Several ToAvns in the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 381 

County, & his living in the vicinity ^vhich may suppose some 
degree of knowledge of the present Circumstances of the 
Towns in the County together with a desire that Justice may 
be equally distributed, he hopes will Apologize for his pre- 
fering this petition, presuming upon which would beg leave, 
in mentioning something of the poor, decayed, & unfortunate 
circumstances of the said Town of Cape Elizabeth, to say, — 
That upon their return in observance of the Resolve of De- 
cember 9, 1776, their IST" was 350, which return was found 
to be correct by Col" Illsley's & Cap* Morton's report Feb. 3, 
1778. this N° as in all the other Towns was made the Basis 
As to X"^ for Raising the Continental Army in 1777, their 
proportion was fifty men. — Seasonably in that year there 
v/as inlisted Seventy Six men in that Town, & went into the 
Army some for three years and Some during the war, which 
may be seen in the Secretary's office by the report of the 
Committee for settling disputes between the Towns in this 
(Vunty, relative to the soldiers, yet soon after drawing out 
so large a number from them, They through some unaccount- 
able mistake gave in a list of 402 Polls for a new valuation, 
but mistakes is but a part of their misfortunes for early in 
the Controversy with Great Britain loosing their Trade & 
their Fishery being chiefly broken up, and much of their laud 
being but indifferent for farming, some of their inhabitants 
Avere necessarily led to go into Seafaring business from other 
Sea Ports in which they have had something of uncommon 
losses of men, which loss of help to assist in bearing the bur- 
den has lieen attended with the evident & natural increase 
of burden by the multiplying of Widows & fatherless chil- 
dren Among them some of their Inhabitants have removed 
from them & I believe chiefly into the unincorporated parts 
of the Country or Government, from these Circumstances, & 
others that commonly attend Such great decays I am led to 
think that it is beyond their power & ability to procure such 



382 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

a number of men for the Continental Army as it is set upon 
them bj the Resolve of December 2-1780 & more so to pay 
the fine set by tKe Resolve of the 24 of October last. ^ And 
Therefore pray (if their case is not taken into consideration, 
by application from themselves or otherways) that there may 
be a Committee appointed to take into Consideration the 
present circumstances of the Said Town of Cape Elizabeth 
& how far their ability extends towards complying with the 
aforesaid Resolve of December 2** & report a state of facts, as 
truth generally brightens by examination, or otherways re- 
lieve the said Town as in Your Wisdom you shall think fit, 

& as in duty bound shall ever pray 

John Lewis 

In Senate February 1st 1782 

Read & thereupon ordered, that Jedidiah Preble & Israel 

Nichols Esq" with such as the Hon''''' House shall join be a 

Committee to take this Petition together with the Petition 

of David Strout & others. Selectmen of Cape Elizabeth, into 

consideration & report what is proper to be done on the same. 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid^ 

In the House of Representatives Feby 5 1782 

Read & concurred & Col White Capt Ward & Mr Holden 
are joined ISTath Gorham Speaker 

Petition of Vicente Doo. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To the honorable the Senate, & the honorable the House of 

Representatives of said Commonwealth in General Court 

assembled at Boston Jan'' 1782. 
Vicente Doo, a Subject of his most faithful Majesty the 
King of Portugal in Amity with the United States of Ameri- 
ca most respectfully sheweth *| That he was the late Master 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 383 

of the Portuguese Schooner Xossa Senhora de Seledade S' 
]\Iiguel e Almas, which on the high Seas, in the month of 
Xovember hist was taken by the private armed Schooner 
Sally owned by Subjects of this Commonwealth k com- 
manded by George Randall that his said captured Schooner 
was afterwards carried into the Port of old York in this 
State since which a Libel has been filed by the Captors 
against said Portuguese Schooner before the hou"^^ Timothy 
Langdon Esq"" Judge of the Maritime Court for the Eastern 
District of this Commonwealth, who hath appointed a Court 
for the determining the Justice of said Capture to be held 
at Falmouth on the l^**" Day of Feb'' next: But as the Trial 
if held at such a distant Part of the Commonwealth must 
operate greatly to the Injury of the Owners who are Portu- 
guese merchants, as well as to the Loss of your Petitioner, 
he begs leave to submit the following Reasons for the Re- 
moval of said Cause from the Court in the Eastern District 
to that of the middle, to your Honors Consideration. 1 1. 
That the principal Owners & most of the Crew of said pri- 
vateer Sally live at Newbury Port, & yet said captured 
Schooner was carried into a port within the Eastern District 
in order that the Libel against her & her Cargo might be 
tried in said District & this for purposes best known to the 
Captors & others concerned in her Condemnation. If 2. 
That the Council engaged by your Petitioner to support the 
Claim which he has filed to obtain Restoration of said Portu- 
guese Schooner & her Cargo find it utterly impracticable to 
go to Falmouth to attend said Trial, as the supreme judicial 
Court is to set at Boston within four Days of the Time ap- 
})ointed for the I'rial at Falmouth & it being impossible for 
them to return early enough, at this inclement Season to 
fulfill their Engagements at that Court. Tf 3. That the 
most material Witness on the part of your Petitioner speaks 
in the Portuguese Language, & the only Interpreter that can 



384 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

be found, utterly refuses to go such a Distance at this Season 
of the year. T[ 4. That the Trial of said Capture in the 
Middle District must expedite Justice, as an Appeal may be 
there heard the beginning of March: Whereas an Appeal 
cannot be had in the Eastern District untill the month of 
June : ISTot to mention the Improbability of the Judge in the 
last mentioned District being able to travel from Pownal- 
borough to Falmouth at this season : Or that the Libellants 
& Witnesses are much nearer to Boston than they are to 
Falmouth & can therefore with greater Ease & much less 
Expence attend the Trial at the last mentioned Place. — 
•{ Your petitioner therefore prays that the Cause aforesaid 
may be removed from the maritime Court in the Eastern 
District to be held as aforesaid, & that the Judge of the mari- 
time Court for the middle District may be authorized & 
impowered to hear & determine the Justice of the Capture 
aforesaid at his next Maritime Court, & that the Libellants 
of said Schooner be directed to bring & file before the s* 
Judge of the middle District, his said Libel & all the papers 
by them filed in s^ Cause before the s'^ Judge of the s" East- 
ern District, on or before the first Day of the sitting of the 
next maritime Court for the middle District. 
Jan^ 16**^ 1782 Vicente Doo 

Petition of Selectmen of Cape Elizabeth. 

To the Honourable Senate and House of Kepresentatives of 
the Commonwealth of the Massachusetts in General 
Court Assembled 
The Petition of Cape Elizabeth in the County of Cumber- 
land Humbly Sheweth that from a series of misfortunes 
since the beginning of the present War this Town is Eendred 
uncapeable of complying with the Requisitions Made on us 
by the Legislators of this State Espesialy in men to Furnish 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 385 

our Quota for the Continental Army the misfortunes we 
have had in Loss of Men more Sencibly affects us our lands 
Xov,' for want of labourers lays common Fences Rotten down 
and a very considerable part of what was once the most val- 
uable lands is intirely dormant for the verefying of which 
we beg leave to Refer Your Honours to the Schedule herewith 
armest & prefer** which contains an Exact list of the Extra- 
ordinary numbers of men we furnished more than our Quota 
for the War and the few Returned as allso our Extraordinary 
losses of Men by Sea which has served to multiply widows 
& orpheans to which is added the total loss of our Small 
JSTavegation and allmost total loss of our fishery and the very 
considerable Removeals out of Town since all which Renders 
us uncapable of Raising the full Quota of men laid on us 
within our own town or of means or money to hire them 
from others and much less to pay the fine on failuer. All 
which we Huml)ly beg your Honours to take into considera- 
tion and Grant us such Redress with Regard to our Quota 
of men as in Your Great Wisdome shall think just and Your 
Petitioners as in Duty Bound Shall Ever Pray — 
l)y order of Said Town 

David Strout ) Selectmen 
Stephen Randall ) of Cape 
Nath' Staple ) Elizabeth 



List of Men Lost Belonging to Cape Elizabeth. 

A List of the men Formerly Belonging to the Touai of 
Cape Elizabeth which went out in armed Vessels &c since y* 
year 1776 Viz' — 

Lost in y^ Ship Cumberland Cap' Collins Commander — 
Joseph Parker, Rich** Langley, Robert Stanford J"", Tho' 
Stanford, James Dyer, Sam' Jordan, John Curate, David 
Strout J', Tho" Gushing, Sam' Small, Isaac Jordan The' 

26 



386 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Webster, Tho' Jordan, Hattie Wheeler. Lost with Capt 
Dillworth — John Alex"" Pollock Tim" Eldreg — Stephen At- 
wood lately lost at sea. Lost in the Ship Miflen Cap' Day 
Commander Viz' Reuben Dyer Lost in a ship from New- 
bury of 18 guns Viz' Simon Jordan Lost in y^ Privateer 
Gen Wadsworth Viz' Andrew Jordan Lost on Board the 
Guard Ship at New York Viz' Josiah Wallis, Benj* Dyer, 
Christopher Strout Lost in the Civil Usage Viz' Peter Dyer 
Barney Sawyer, Tho' York, John Gammon Lost with Cap' 
George Maxwell Viz' William Jones, Stephen Cash, James 
Webber, Sam' Robinson Sam' Gammon Lost with Cap' 
Stone Viz' Joseph Maxwell Thos Maxwell Francis Cash 
Lost with Cap' Hinkley Viz' Joseph Stanford, Jeremiah 
Jordan, Ebenezer Jordan, Israel Jordan. Lost with Cap' 
Arthur M*=Lallen Viz' William M'^Lallen, ]\Iathew Simonton 
Lost in a Prize Brigf at Piscatigue Harbour Viz' Ebenezer 
Robinson, Walter Simonton, Ebenezer Sawyer, Wm Jordan. 
Lost in ye Ship Rover of 20 Guns Viz' Nath' Randall, Daniel 
Strout, Benja Sawyer, Ephraim Sawyer, Richard Stanford 
A list of y"' men Mov** from the Town of Cape Elizabeth since 
y^ year 1776 Viz' James Small, John Veeman, Tim° Small, 
Daniel Small, Jacob Small, Ithiel Smith, Hump'' McKenney, 
Benj^ Jordan, Clem' Jordan J"", Archalus Stone, Jon' Stone, 
David Vickery, Joseph Roberts, John Ficket, John Cash, 
Benj' Smith, Dan' Dyer, Peter Bitter, George Boa, Isaac 
Strout, Rich'' Strout, James Stinson, Vincent Ficket, Abner 
Ficket, Henry Jackson, Peter Staple, Sam' Tenney, John 
Guld, Sam' Pennel, Joshua Westcoat, Josh" Strout J"", Beuj'' 
Sawyer, W" Roberts, James Wagg Jr., Ezra Jordan, John 
Fowler, Jedidiah Cobb, John Simonton, Tho" M'^Lallan, 
Stilsman Jordan [ ], Robert Jackson, Ebenezer Newell, 
Joseph Wiseman, George Robinson, Jacob Webb Refugee 
Edmund Weston. A List of the men who Died in the Conti- 
nental Army who Enlisted for three Years in the Year 1777 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 387 

Viz' Robert Herringtou, James Noble Cobb, John Jordan, 
Robert Jordan, Edmund Jordan, Solomon Jackson J"", Ed- 
ward Avery Ju"", John Bryant, Abraham Bryant Jr. Loring 
Ciishing, Robert Stanford, John Strout, Lemuel Sawyer, 
AYm Sawyer, ]^ath' Sawyer, Jon* Strout, Reuben Skilling, 
Josiah Stanford, Tho' Jones 

*Eleazer Strout Jr. Ephraim Crocket, Sam' Dyer, Tho' 
Gent, W" Maxwell, Joseph Cobb J"" * Not knowing whether 
Dead or living. 
Cape Elizabeth Jan'' 17, 1782 

Nath' Staple ) Selectmen 

Stephen Randal / of 

David Strout / said Town 



John Lewis to Sycaker of the House. 

Falmouth Jan"- 17, 1782 
Sir 

the Remoteness of this County from the Seat of Govern- 
ment naturally' brings us to be later in our Complyance with 
the orders of the General Court than the nearer Counties, 
with respect to the Resolve of the 24 of Ocf last relative to 
making up the deficiencies for the Continental Army, Upon 
the Receipt of the Resolves I applied to the business accord- 
ing to order, but Iho time was so far elapsed, & the great 
scarcity of money in this part of the Country that it was out 
of the power of most or all the different Towns to procure 
the men by the 20 of Dec"" T lia\e however Received all 
whether iiilisted before or after k shall send most of them 
forward the beginning of next week, Some I shall not be able 
to collect in the back To\^tis to go forward at that time as the 
snow is very deep & must send them as soon as I can collect 
them & must Ask about ten days longer to make out a list of 



388 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the deficient Towns, which I expect will be but few, if I have 
or am about to Act any thing in this affair, as above men- 
tioned, that is Contrary to the design of the Hon'''® Court, 
Should be glad to know it as early as possible, f from your 
very Humble Servant 

John Lewis 

The Hon*''" Nathaniel Gorliam Esq"" Speaker of the House 
of Representatives, to be Communicated if thought proper. 



Petition of James Avery. 

To the Hon'''® Senate & House of Repres*^ of the Common- 
wealth of Massachusetts 
The Petition of James Avery ^ Humbly Sheweth t That 
during the last Sessions your Honors were pleased to direct 
the Treasurer to Discharge the Warrents Drawn in my favour 
for Colo Allans ace* in ISTov"" 1780 in hard money, there being 
no money in the Treasury he cou'd not comply with your 
Honors Directions — at the Time the Warrent was drawn 
the Public Service made it Necessary to boiTOw Money to the 
Am* for which your Petitioner gave his Private obligations, 
the persons who lent the Money are daily pressing your Peti- 
tioner to Settle & are determind to wait no longer — and as 
there is no probibility of their being Money in the Treasury 
soon to Discharge them — your Petitioner Humbly prays 
your Honors would be pleased to Direct the Treasurer to 
Issue Certificates to Discharge said Warrents as allso to 
allow Interest which your petitioner stands obligated for to 
the persons who lent the Money — and your Petitioner as in 
Duty bound will ever pray 

Jas Avery 
Boston Jan^ 18, 1782 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 389 

Theophilus Bradbury Esq. vs Petition Vicente Doo. 

To tlie lion Senate and house of Representatives of the Com- 
mon Wealth of Massachusetts in General Court as- 
sembled. 

T[ The Libellants of the vessel and cargo mentioned in the 
petition of Vicente Doo, (without staying to observe the 
unreasonableness of his request to have the papers removed 
by them and at their Expence when the removal is solely 
for his benefit and convenience,) beg leave directly to answer 
Tl That the petitioner has been misinformed & is mistaken in 
asserting that the major part of the interested in said Vessel 
& cargo live in the middle district. On the contrary five 
eighths in interest & all except three in number & they are 
pretty numerous, live in the eastern district from whence 
the privateer was fitted out, & whether this & the only other 
prize she ever took were originally intended to be, and were 
in fact sent. *! If the reasons therefore are best known as 
is suggested to the Libellants, yet they are plain & obvious, 
& were never wish'd to be concealed. They are the same that 
induce adventures from Boston, Salem & other ports in the 
middle district to bring their prizes into those parts; Viz 
because It was most convenient & least expensive to the major 
part concerned to receive & divide their prizes there, and be- 
cause they wished, especially in case of dispute to have their 
cause tried as near their own homes as might be, where they 
would conveniently attend in person and have the satisfac- 
tion of seeing for themselves that, the trial was fair and 
impartial ; & living as they do at so great a distance from the 
Metropolis, & separated as they are therefore by an inter- 
vening State, they esteem a trial of this and all their other 
causes (where by law it may be) in tlieir own neighbourhood 
and vicinity one of their most important & valuable as well 
as constitutional privileges, of which tlicy ought not to be 



390 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

deprived bj being drawn to answer to a foreign Jurisdiction 
— They further say that it cannot be done, and a speedier 
trial had, in the present case, in the middle than in the east- 
ern district, without a much great inconvenience & injury to 
them, than the petitioner complains of; for if a maritime 
Court is held in the former, previous to next Session of the 
Supreme Judicial Court in Boston on y® 3*^ Tuesday of next 
month, it cannot legally be notified in the usual news paper, 
sooner than for the first or Second week in that month, if for 
the first the Respondents council cannot attend being one or 
both of them engaged to attend a Court in New-hampshire 
where they usually waited at that time ; if for the second, the 
Libellants themselves & one of their council cannot attend, 
being obliged to attend their other maritime Cause that week 
at Falmouth — If for these reasons the cause should, as it 
doubtless would, be continued, the appeal after the first trial 
would lie to the Supreme Court at Concord in April next, 
but this would draw the Libellants still farther from home, 
& is a session at which their council do not attend & practice, 
& at a time when one or both are engaged to attend a Court 
at York where one of them usually practices, for which 
reasons the cause would dovibtless be continued to the next 
court on to Ipswich in June next but one week from that a 
trial might be had at the same Court at York without re- 
moving the cause. — The 14th of February next at Falmouth 
was pitched on because that is usually the pleasantest part 
of the winter & the best travelling — But if it is inconvenient 
to the petitioner, his council or interpreter to attend then 
which are the only reasons of any weight as your Respondents 
humbly conceive for removing the cause, they are ready to 
remove them all entirely, by agreeing that the cause shall be 
continued to any town in the eastern district, the Petitioner 
pleases, and to any time previous to the sessions of the 
supreme Courts there in June when they & the Respondents 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 391 

Council can all conveniently attend, in May if agreeable ; & 
they conceive they have already shewn that the final trial 
will not be thereby delayed longer than one week. ^ The 
Respondents are fnlly sensible, that npon principly of policy 
as well as Justice, Foreigners ought to be enabled to obtain 
speedy as well as ample Justice in this Common Wealth, But 
they humbly conceive, that the most favourd & most friendly 
neutral powers (to say nothing of Portugal in particular) 
would not take umbrage, because a trial between one of their 
subjects and a subject of this common wealth, was not at 
his request removed from the Jurisdiction where such Causes 
were by the established laws, the immemorial usage & con- 
stitution itself of the Commonwealth, usually tried unless it 
was manifest that a fair & impartial tryal could not other- 
wise be had for which there is not in the present case the 
least pretence, nor is it even suggested by the Petitioner 
himself — Wherefore the Respondents humbly pray that the 
said petition may be dismist 

Theop Bradbury their Att^ 



Resolve in Case of Vicente Doo. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Jan""^ 21, 1782 
On the petition of Vicente Doo a subject of his most faith- 
ful Majesty the King of Portugal in amity with the United 
States of America & claimant of the Schooner Nossa Senhora 
de Soledude S' Miguel e Almas setting forth that said 
Schooner was captured by an American privateer, carried 
into the port of Old York & libelled ])efore the hon. Timothy 
Pangdon Esq'' Judge of the Maritime Court for the Eastern 
District I'oi- llic dotci'iiiiiiiiig the Justice of which captucc a 



392 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

Court is by Law to be held at Falmouth on the fourteenth 
day of February next & praying that the trial of s^ Schooner 
may be removed from the s^ Eastern District to the middle 
District of this Commonwealth ; for the expediting of Jus- 
tice & other causes set forth in s'' petition — 

Resolve that the Libel filed against the s"* Schooner before 
the Judge aforesaid, together with all the papers & other 
matters appertaining thereto which by Law are now to be 
brought before & tried at the said Court to be holden at Fal- 
mouth as aforesaid shall be brought before & tried at the 
Maritime Court next to be held in the s'^ Middle District 
after the s'' fourteenth day of February & the same proceed- 
ings shall be had thereon & the same privileges reserved to 
either party at the last mentioned Court as though said 
Schooner had been brought into the middle District & s"^ 
Libtl had been originally filed before the Judge of the Middle 
District afores*' the s'' Vicente Doo to be at the expence of 
i-emoving all such of s*^ papers as are now on the files of the s** 
Court in the Eastern District af ores'' & to give notice of this 
Resolve to some one of the adverse party at least seven days 
before the time appointed for the trial of s'' Cause in s** East- 
ern District any Law usage or custom to the contrary not- 
withstanding. 

Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 

In Senate Jan^ 23^ 1782 
Read & Nonconcurred 

S. Adams Presid' 
Approv'd John Hancock 

January 26'*' 1782, 

Reconsidered & Concurred 

S. Adams Presid* 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 393 

Petition of Col Edward Grow. 

Petition of Col Edward Grow, that Sheriff Johnson Moul- 
ton, York Co, may delay return of ''Executions." 
To the Hon"^ Senate & House of Representatives of the Com- 
monwealth of Massachusetts in general Court assembled 
the 22nd day of January 1782 

The Memorial of Edward Grow in behalf of Johnson 
Moulton Esq"" Sheriff of the County of York ^Humbly 
shews that the Treasurer of this Commonwealth having made 
out Executions against the several Constables in said County 
for the Ballances due from them Respectively of the hard 
Money Tax Assessed 1780 which Executions were committed 
to the said Sheriff who has visited the Several Constables 
aforesaid & demanded in the most pressing manner satisfac- 
tion of the said Executions that some of them have made 
satisfaction in part & some of them in the whole & that they 
universally appear disposed to do it if in their Power either 
by Collections from the People or by hireing the Money for 
that purpose that the said Constables have tryed the Experi- 
ment of raising the Money by Distress without Effect for 
Want of Money to purchase the Articles of Distress that the 
Inability of the Petjple in the said County to pay said Tax 
principally arises from this Cause that Lumber of late will 
rarely Sell for Money upon which they chiefly depend for 
payment of Taxes that he is in Hopes some favourable Turn 
in Affairs will soon take place which may enable the People 
in that County to pay their Taxes as well as in other Counties 
that in his Opinion it is not within the Limits of Possibility 
to satisfy said Executions unless by Committing the several 
Constables to Goal which he conceives can answer no valuable 
purpose Wherefore your !^^emorialist prays in Behalf of the 
said Sheriff that the said Sheriff" may not be held k, obliged 
to Return said Executions till the further Orders of the Gen- 



394 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

eral Court & that in the mean Time they may be in full force 

or that he may have such Directions from the Hon"^ Court as 

they in their Wisdom may think best & your Mem° as in 

Duty bound will ever pray &c 

Edw** Grow 



Resolve on Foregoing. 

The Committee on the Petition of Col° Grow in behalf of 
the Sheriff of the County of York beg leave to report by way 
of Resolve — 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the house of Representatives Jan^ 24*'' 1782 

on the petition of Edw*^ Grow in behalf of the Sheriff of 
the County of York — Resolved that the prayer of the peti- 
tion be granted & that the s'^ Sheriff shall not be held & obliged 
to return the executions committed to him against the delin- 
quent Constables in s*^ County untill the further orders of 
the Court & that the s^ executions shall in the meantime be 
in full force any law or Resolve to the Contrary notwith- 
standing. 



Petition of Vicente Doo. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To the honorable the senate of said Commonwealth, 

Vicente Doo humbly sheweth ^ That he has learnt that 
the Resolve passed upon his Petition (which he had the 
Honour of presenting to the General Assembly) by the House 
of Representatives, hath met the IsTonconcurrence of your 
Honors, He begs leave to assure your Honors that should said 
Resolve not pass, it must inevitably prove the Loss of his 
Vessel & Cargo, Whereas no Disadvantage can arise to the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 395 

Libel lants, from the Removal of the Cause into the Middle 
District : Many additional Reasons might be given to those 
mentioned in his former Petition, to inforee the prayer of 
it, & he earnestly sollicits your Honors to give him an Oppor- 
tunity of being farther heard upon the Subject, when he 
doubts not he shall be able to satisfy your honourable House 
of the Reasonableness of his former Prayer. As an unfortu- 
nate Portugueze Subject, a Stranger to the Language & to 
the Laws of this Country, without Money & without Friends ; 
Dispossessed of a very valuable Property, which was no 
sooner brought into a Port, than it was divided by the Captors 
he throws himself upon the Justice of your Honors, & humbly 
sollicits your Honors farther Consideration of his Distressed 

Circumstances. 

Vicente Doo 



Resolve in re Losses hi Penobscot Expedition. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Jan'' 28, 1782 
Whereas the late Board of War of this Commonwealth is 
indebted for Vessels charter'd & lost at Penobscot & for 
Goods purchased and Services performed for this Common- 
wealth & whereas the present State of the Treasury will not 
admit of immediate payment in Money & it is but just & 
reasonable that All the Creditors of this Commonwealth be 
placed on the same equal footing — Therefore Resolved — 
that the Committee for liquidating & settling the Accounts 
of the late Poard of War, be & they are hereby impowered & 
directed to liquidate & determine all Sums of Money which 
may be due for Vessels chartered & lost at Penobscot agre- 
able to the Chartcrpartys & all other Del)ts w'' may still re- 
main due iVoiii the siiid lioiiivl of War -— tSr the said Com- 



396 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

mittee are further directed & impowered to Consolidate the 
same agreable to Law, estimating the Depretiation on the 
Vessels lost at Penobscot according to the Date of the 
Charterparty & on all other Debts as they become due re- 
spectively — And the Sums so Consolidated & the Interest 
thereon the Committee aforesaid shall certify to his Excel- 
lency the Governor who with Advice of Council is requested 
to issue his Warrants on the Treasurer of this Commonwealth 
— who is hereby directed to receive the same on the Loan of 
Eight hundred thousand pounds & to give his notes accord- 
ingly — •[And Whereas Disputes may arise between the 
Committee aforesaid & some persons who may have Accounts 
open with the late Board of War, it is further Resolved that 
in such Case the Committee be & they hereby are authorized 
& impowered to submit any such matter to the Decission of 
Indifferent Men mutually Chosen by the said Committee & 
the Person or Persons with whom such Dispute May Sub- 
sist — 

Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham, Speaker 
In Senate Jan^ 28^*' 1782 
Read & Concurred 

S Adams Presid* 
Approv*^ John Hancock 

Resolve in Favor of John Lewis. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Jan'' 29, 1782 
On the Representation of John Lewis Esq"" Superintendant 
for the County of Cumberland in Relation to his Receiving 
Continental Soldiers after the 20'^ day of Decem"" last for 
reasons mentioned. Resolved that the General Court do 
approve of his Conduct in that Regard & that he be & hereby 



or THE STATE OF MAINE 397 

is directed to send them forward as soon as may be & that the 
several Towns Plantations or Classes who procured such 
Soldiers be & hereby are exempted from all Penalties which 
they may have incurred for not procuring the same soldiers 
before the said 20"* day of Decern'' last saving the Expence 
which may have arisen in Consequence of the Issuing Execu- 
tions any Law or Resolve to the contrary notwithstanding. 
Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
In Senate Feb^ 21^' 1782 
Read & Concurred 

S. Adams Presid' 
Approv^ John Hancock 



Besolve on Petition James Avery. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

In House of Representatives Jan'' 29, 1782 
On the Petition of James Avery ^Resolved that the 
Treasurer be & he hereby is Directed to Issue Certificates 
on the Tax granted in October last, to Discharge Warrents 
heretofore Drawn in favour of James Avery for Colo John 
Allan's Acct ^ 

Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
In Senate Feb 1 1782 

Read & Concurred with Amendment at A 
Sent down for Concurrence 
S Adams Presid* 
Approv'd John Hancock 

At A insert ''the same to be charg'd to the United States" 
In the House of Representatives Feby 1, 1782 

Read & Concurred Nath Gorham Speaker 



398 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Report on Petition Inhabitants of Georgetown. 

The Committee on the Petition of the Inhabitants of 
George town on Kennebec River having attended that busi- 
ness beg leave to Report by way of Resolve — 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the house of Representatives Feb'' 1, 1782 

Whereas from the distressed circumstances of the In- 
habitants of Georgetown & their having been called upon for 
a Number of Men for the defence of the Eastern Country the 
last Campaign — it appears to this Court that they are un- 
able to comply with the requisition of Men for the Conti- 
nental Army in it's fullest extent therefore 

Resolved that the said Inhabitants be & they are hereby 
excused from the pajonent of any fine for not raising their 
quota of Men for the continental Army any former Resolve 
of the General Court to the Contrary notwithstanding. And 
it is farther Resolved that the said Inhabitants be & they 
are hereby abated Six Men of the Number assessed upon 
them by a Resolve of the 2*^ of December 1780 provided 
nevertheless that if the said Inhabitants shall not procure & 
deliver in to the Superintendant appointed or that may here- 
after be appointed to receive them the remainder of said 
Number of Men assessed upon them as aforesaid on or be- 
fore the ^ 1^' day of April next they shall be liable to the 
penalty provided in & by a Resolve of the 20"" of October last 
against delinquent Towns which penalty shall be recovered 
in manner pointed out by said Resolve. 

And it is further Resolved that the Treasurer of this Com- 
monwealth stay execution against said Towai for not pro- 
curing their quota of Men as aforesaid for the Continental 
Army untill the first ^ day of April next — 

And it is further Resolved that the Resolve of the 24"" of 
December 1780 authorizing the Several Towns within this 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 399 

Commonwealth to Class their respective Inhabitants in order 
to procure their respective quotas of Men for the Continental 
Army be k is hereby revived with respect to said Town & 
shall continue in force until the first ^ day of April next 
Sent up for concurrence 

I^ath Gorham Speaker 

In Senate Feb'"^ 11'" 1782 

Read & oncurred with the amendments at A. B. & C. 
Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid'' 

viz. at A. B. & C. dele, "first," and insert '^thirtieth ;" 
In the House of Representatives Feb^ 11 1782 
read & concurred 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
Approv'd John Hancock 



Memorial Selectmen of Pownalboro. 

To the Hon'''^ the Senate & House of Representatives of the 
Commonwealth of ]\rassachusetts in General Court As- 
sembled 
Humbly Shew the Select Men of the Town of Pownalboro 
in behalf of said Town, that this Town have for many years 
past laboured under great Difficulties & Grievances which 
have now increased to such a Degree as to render them utter- 
ly iii('ai)ahle to Answer the pres^cnt Demands of Government. 
• I->efore k since the Commencement of the present War; our 
T'hief Dependence was on our Lumber for our Support, which 
was usually sent to Boston & other westward Ports to procure 
the Xecessaries of Life — If By reason of our Coasts not being 
sufficiently guarded, our Vessels are taken, and our Trade 



400 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

wholly destroyed by the Enemy, so that we have but one 
Coasting Vessel now belonging to this poor Town. That 
this Town in the most fruitful Seasons have not raised one 
half the Bread consumed therein, & by reason of the great 
Drought the last Season we are now reduced to the greatest 
Distress & Want ; and what Provisions we can procure, to 
support our Lives, & Money to pay what Taxes we possible 
can, is at the Risque of at least, fifty p"" Cent, a grievance 
that our fellow subjects at the westward do not labour under 
^ That our foreign Trade is wholly destroyed by the Embargo 
on Masts & Sparrs the Exportation of which formerly enabled 
us to pay our Taxes, and a large Quantity of which has for 
four or five years past laid on hand & perishing. — ^ That 
the Demands of Government, and the Peoples inability to 
comply, has in this Town caused a great & alarming Emigra- 
tion of its Inhabitants, so that we are now reduced greatly 
in our Numbers, and the Burthins on the remaining few are 
thereby increased and rendered insupportable. The late & 
very great Exactions of Government have created such mur- 
murs & discontent that many of the Inhabitants of this Town 
are flying to the Wilderness for relief & support, and those 
that tarry at home are constantly oblidged to guard their 
Houses & Substance being in continual Danger from the 
Enemy — ^ We have thus as becomes dutiful & loyal Sub- 
jects made known our Grievances to the Hon"'^ Court which 
we hope will be sufficient to convince your Honors that we 
are unable to pay the present Demands of Government, We 
therefore pray your Honors in behalf of said Town, that they 
may be abated the cloathing & Provisions for the Army & 
Fine for not raising men for the Continental Army the last 
Spring and such other Taxes as your Honors in your good- 
ness & wisdom shall think meet, and your Petitioner as in 
duty bound shall ever pray &c 

Henry Hodge David Silvester 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 401 

Resolve on Foregoing Memorial. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Feb^ 1 1782 
The Committee appointed on the Petitions of Henry Hodge 
David Silvester Selectmen of the Toavu of Pownalborough 
Arthur Hunter Jonathan Penney Selectmen of the Town 
of Topsham and William Howard Daniel Savage & James 
Cooks Committee for the Town of Hallowell Likewise 
Stephen Barton Samuel Grant and Jedidiah Barton Com- 
mittee for the Town of Vassalborough Seting forth their 
Destressed Circumstances bj Reason of the Enemy being so 
near them with other Dificultis as Set forth in their Petitions 
Praying that the number of men Demanded from them by a 
Resolve of the General Court Past December Second 1780 
to Supply the Deficiency of the Continental army and like- 
wise the Clothing Required by a former Resolve ^ Your 
Committee begs Leave to Report by way of Resolve be it 
therefore Resolved that the afores'' Towns of Pownalborough 
Topsham Hallowell and Vassalborough be and they are here- 
in- Released from Procureing the number of men Required 
by the aforesaid Resolve be it further Resolved that the 
afores'' Towns be and they are hereby Released from Pro- 
cureing any (ylothing for the Continental Army agreable to 
a former Resolve, any Law or Resolve to the Conterey not- 
withstanding 



Accounts Relating to the Penobscot Expedition. 

Supplies and charges for the Penobscot Expedition from 
June 20, 1779 to Feb. 5, 1780 An itemized account show- 
ing the snpplics furnished the diflfcrcnt ships; as well as 
other military stores: the Whole totalling £17,261-8 

26 



402 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

A General Account of Supplies for the Expedition from 
June 29, 1779 to Oct. 1, 1779 An itemized account slio\ying 
supplies and military stores, and to whom they were fur- 
nished The account is unfinished. 

Accounts of the Board of War for the Expedition from 
June 30, 1779 to Jan. 1781 An itemized debit and credit 
account of the Board of War. The debit account totals 
£606,596 : 17 : 2 ; the credit, £26,255 : 19 

Account of Stores delivered from the Lalx)ratory for the 
Expedition from July 7, 1779, to Aug. 16, 1779. An item- 
ized account totalling £100,603:15 

Sundry Charges in the Accounts of the Board of War re- 
quiring explanation 
Account of Jordan Parker, Purchasing & Issuing Com- 
missary, paid 
Account of John Tracy for amount of rations supplied the 

brigantine ''Pallas" paid 
Account of Edward Blauchard for truckage paid 
" " Sam'l Brown for provisions paid 

Waterman Thomas for sundries supplied the 

troops at Camden &c paid 
John Tjder, Quarter Master General, charged 
G. W. Speakman, Commissary of Ordnance, 

charged 
John Lucas, Commissary of Provisions, charged 
Eliphalet Downer, Surgeon, charged 
Joshua Davis, Agent of Transports, charged 
supplies for the ship "Gen Putnam" charged 
Jon^ Parsons, paid 
Joseph N^oyes, paid 
Beriah Norton, paid 
Walter Spooner, for powder 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 403 

Henry Herrick, for cannon paid 

articles delivered Gen. Wadsworth 

articles delivered Waterman Thomas 

sundry advances in small stores to the Mass. line 

of the army 
general charge of Supplies by the Board of War. 

Articles delivered Col. Henry Jackson 
Amount paid Conmiissary Devens for provisions 
" " Edward Blanchard for trucking 

" " Commissary Devens for Spy Vessels 

" " Jon** Glover for schooners ^'Orne" and "Wil- 

liam" 
" " for the passage of Jon^ Loring Austin, Jr. to 

France & other expenses 

Account of articles delivered Col. Ephraim Brown 
Account of articles delivered Huson an Indian 

Sundry Accounts allowed mostly for meals for soldiers on 
retreat from Penobscot between September 21, 1779 and 
June 30, 1781 

Accoimt of what was allowed sundry persons at and after 
their retreat from Penobscot from Sept. 21, 1779, to June 
27, 1781. 



Petition of Addison Richardson. 

To the Hon'''" the Senate, and House of Representatives of 

the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 

May it please your Hon"" — If Your Petitioner was one of 

those unfortunate Officers that was taken Prisoner at Fort 

Washington, upon the fated 10"" of Nov. 177G ; and through 



404 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORr 

the Inhumanity of the Enemy, and violation of all Jnstice, 
was stript, and plundered of all he had, except what he had 
upon his Back an Inventory of which your Petitioner, as 
soon as Circumstances would permit, made out, together with 
their Value which he herewith takes the Freedom to transmit 
to your Hon*"^ and your Petitioner considering it highly 
reasonable that he should have his said Loss made up to him, 
by the Community in whose Cause he suifered, he rests sat- 
isfied in the Justice of the Hon'® Court, expecting that they 
will give him that Relief which the Justice of his Petition 
claims. — And as your Petitioner was detained eighteen 
months in Captivity, in which Time the paper medium 
greatly depreciated, he not receiving his Wages till sometime 
in Sep"" 1778, he requests the Hon'*' Court that they would 
make him that Compensation for the said Deficiency, as 
they, in their Wisdom shall see to be reasonable, and, as in 
Duty bound will ever pray. 

Addison Richardson 
Cap* in the Reg* comm'' by Qr Hutchinson Esq. 

A Coppy of an inventory of things which the Subscriber 
Lost on the 16*'' of iSTov"" 1776. When he was taken Prisoner 
at Fort Washington 

One Bible 6/ one Silver hilted Sword £7 : 10 7: 16 

one gunn Bayonet Box and Belt 3 : 00 

one Broad Cloth Coat £4:16 4:16 

4 fine holand Shirts £4 : 16 — one Blankit 24/ 6 : 00 

Sheets Pillow and Bed Sack 3 : 00 

3 Jackets 2 p'' Breeches 5 : 8 

2 handkerchiefs one P"" overalls 1 : 

1 pr Shooes 12/ 7 pr hose 42/ 2 : 14 



33:14 
Addison Richardson 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 405 

Certificate in Favor of Josiah Waters Jr. 

Commonwealth Mass. 

Boston February 2' 1782 

This Certifies, That the sum of Three Thousand & thirty 
nine pounds five shillings specie is due from the late Board 
of War to M"" Josi*" Waters Jun"" for Provisions Supplied y^ 
s*^ Board for the use of the Penobscot Expedition July one 
thousand seven hundred seventy nine, with Four hundred & 
tvv'enty one pounds two shillings for thirty one month Interest 
am° to Three thousand five hundred & ten pounds seven shil- 
lings which sum when paid will be in full of all demands for 

s** Provisions 

Alex Hill \ Com'^ for Auditing 

y%a/c'fory^B'' 
Thomas Ivers I War 

His Excellency The Governor & The Hon'® The Council of 
the Commonwealth Massacht* — 

In Council Feb'' IG^'^ 1782 

R*^ & Advised That acct^ be drav/n on the Treas. for 
£3510 .. 7 in favor of Col Josiah Waters j-- in full of the 
within Certificate Jn° Avery Secy — 



Petition of Benjamin Jepson. 

To the Hon'''* the Senate and Hon''"'' House of Representa- 
tives of the Commonwealth of ]\rassachusetts in General 
Coui't Assembled at Boston February 1782 
The Petition of Benjamin Jepson — ^Humbly Sheweth 
^That your petitioner being part Owner of the Sloop called 
Pidgeon chartered her to the State for the Expedition against 
Penobscot where she was lost for which your pef has never 
received any compensation, your petitioner has l)een in- 
foi'ni('(! lli;it the Executors of Cap' Samuel Doggett the other 



406 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Owner of the said Sloop has Obtained a Grant from this 
Hon''*^ Court for the Ballance due to them. And as the 
greatest part of your petitioners Interest is in the hands of 
Government he is very much Straitened for money T[ He 
humbly prays this Hon"^ Court would be pleased to take 
his case into consideration, and be pleased to Grant him the 
Sum due to him for the Loss and hire of said Sloop 

And as in duty bound shall pray &c 

Benj^ Jepson 
Boston Feb^ 8 : 1782 

In Senate Feb^ 8"^ 1782 

Read & thereupon Ordered, that Aaron Wood Esq"" with 

such as the Hon^'** House shall join be a Committee to take 

this Petition into consideration k report what may be proper 

to be done thereon 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S. Adams Presi'^' 



Memorial of Edward Grow. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To the Hon'''^ the Senate and House of Representatives in 
General Court assembled Feb 8"' 1782 
T[ The memorial of Edw'' Grow in Behalf of the Selectmen 
of York Seting forth that he has an ordor on the Treasurer 
from Cap^ Thomas Bragdon in favour of the said Select-men 
for the Day of his Rool for himself and the men that Be- 
longed to York in the service of this Commonwealth in the 
Eastern Department in 1780 — and the treasurer thinks 
himself orthirized to pay the said order without the Direction 
of this Court your memorialist therefore prays that the 
treasurer may be directed to pay said ordor and your 
memorialist as in Duty Bound Shall Every Pray 

Edw** Grow 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 407 

Resolve on Foregoing. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Feb"" 11, 1782 

on the memorial of Edward Grow In behalf of the Select- 
men of York Seting forth that he has an order on the Treas- 
urer from Cap* Thomas Bragdon in favour of said Selectmen 
for the pay of his Roll for himself and the men that belonged 
to York who Served in the Eastern Department in the year 
1780 as set forth in Said Memorial 

Resolved that the Treasurer of this Commonwealth be and 
hereby is Directed to pay Said Edward Grow what their is 
due to the said Thomas Bragdon and those men made uj) on 
said Roll belonging to the town of York he giving his Rects' 
for the same, any Law or Resolve to the Contrary notwith- 
standing 

Sent up for Concurrence 

Kath Gorham Speaker 
In Senate Febr^ 14*'' 1782 

Read & Concurred with amendment at A 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 

viz at A insert "to be paid in Receipts on the Constables in 

the Town of York, out of the last State Tax." 

In the House of Representatives Feb. 14, 1782 

Read & concurred 

Nath Gorham Speaker 

Approv'd John Hancock 

Resolve on Petition Stephen Ilardison. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives February the 9"' 1782 
t Upon the Petition of Stei)hen Ilardison and others of a 
place in th(; County of Lincoln at the iiead of the Township 



408 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

of New Bristol ^ Resolved that the said Stephen Hardison 
and the other Petitioners with him be allowed to lay out 
upon the Governments Land there a Township by a surveyor 
& Chairmen under Oath of Miles Square adjoining 

to said Xew Bristol in the County of Lincoln and to return 
a Plan thereof to the general Court as soon as may be that 
the same may be taken under Consideration and a grant 
thereof made to them & others with such Reservations for 
the use of Government upon such Conditions and for such 
Consideration as the Court Shall Order. 

Stephen Hardison 
& ors Report ^ to lie 



Report in re Boothhay Accounts. 

To the Hon*"' The Senate, & Hon'"' House of Representa- 
tives for the Common Wealth of Massachusetts, in Gen- 
eral Court Assembled — 
^ May it Please your Honors — We the Subscribers being 
appointed a Committee by Resolves of this Hon'^'' Court of 
the first of March 1781 and 19*^ of Septem'" following, to 
enquire into the Representation made by the Selectmen of 
Boothbay in the County of Lincoln respecting the Treasurers 
Acco^^ of said Town, &;c Beg leave to Report, That we re- 
paird to the Town of Boothbay, and have made due enquiry 
into the matter, & the Treasurers Book being laid upon us, 
we found the Acco*^ to have been kept in a very irregular 
manner, owing to the mode of Settlement from time to time 
Whereupon we proceeded to Examine the Acco^^ from the 
begining to the end of the Book & have properly Stated & 
Adjusted the same, & instead of a large balP' being due to 
the Town as was alledg'd, we find a small ballance of Five 
pounds, sixteen shillings & five pence in bills of the old 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 409 

Emission in fav'' of William ]\[''Cobb Esq"" the fonner 
Treasu"" We have also directed the Militia Officer to pay 
into the Treasury of said Town what fines he may have in 
his hands that he has received & has not accounted for, as 
he was not at Boothbay when we were there — 1 We are with 
due Respect your Honors most Obed' Serv*^ 
Xath' Thwing Dum"" Sev/all John Langdon [ Committee 
Boothbav Feb^ 9*^^ 1782 



Petition Town of Sanford. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

Jan^ 1782 

To the Hon''"' the Senate & Hon*"'® house of Representatives 
in General Court assembled 
The Petition of the subscribers inhabitants of the Town 
of Sanford in the County of York *l Humbly sheweth : that 
a number of years ago we settled on lands lying on the East 
part of the Town of Sanford then a wilderness upon en- 
couragement of some Gentleman that We should have an 
opportunity of purchasing of it as soon as it could be divided 
iS: each Proprietor to have his share located which took place 
as to some but your Petitioners fall within the location of 
alx)ut three thousand acres on We are informed belonging 
to the late Governor Hutchinson which We then had a pros- 
pect of purchasing but found the part He took in Govern- 
ment. We Suppose his Estate is confiscated & is become the 
property of this Commonwealth — And as your Petitioner 
has spent many years liaid labour and undergone every 
liardsliij) in clijaring tlicsc; lands building houses to secure 
theniHelves k. families from the inclemency of the weather 
and have during the present war paid tiieir })roportionable 
part of Taxes and Fui-nishcd thcii' (^)n(>ta of men for the War 



410 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

Therefore, We pray that We may have y^ liberty of pur- 
chasing the lands we have taken up at a moderate price or at 
the same price the other Proprietors sold their land of equal 
quality adjoyning & that a Committe may he appointed hy 
Your Honors to view the lands & hear our proposals that We 
may have an opportunity of purchasing if our proposals 
should meet Your Honors approbation as We doubt not it 
will or any other method You may think proper so that We 
may have an exclusive right of purchasing — & as in duty 
bound shall ever pray &c 

Jeremiah Eastman, Matthew Laisdel, John Stevens, Jere- 
miah Clements, Samuel Cluif, Humphery Whitten, Joseph 
Thompson, Levi Hutchings, W"' Parsons, Ebn"" Hall, John 
]{^night, James M Daniel, Benj^ Tripe Thomas Kimball 
Paul Weston Wm Eastman, Gideon Stone, Joshua Goodridge, 
Benja Barnes, Nath* Conant, Morgan Lewis 



Action on Foregoing Petition. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In House of Representatives FeV 9*'^ 1782 
Whereas it appears from the Representations of Ebenezer 
Hall and other Petitioners Inhabitants of the Town of San- 
ford in the County of York that some years ago they settled 
upon certain Lands in said Towns which belonged to the late 
Governor Hutchinson & have made considerable Improve- 
ments thereon in Expectation of obtaining a good Title to 
the same Whereas the said Lands are by Confiscation now 
become the property of this Commonwealth & the Committee 
for selling confiscated Estates in said County are Impowered 
to dispose of those Lands as well as other Lands confiscated 
to any person or persons indiscriminately And Whereas 
the Petitioners have applied to the General Court for an ex- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 411 

elusive Right of purchasing said Lands for a reasonable 
Consideration T[ Therefore Resolved that John Hill Xath' 
Wells, tSi John Frosts Esq""^ he and hereby are appointed a 
Committee to make full Enquiry into the Circumstances of 
the Settlement of said Lands, Who are hereby directed at 
the Request & Expence of the Petitioners to View & Estimate 
said Lands at such price as the same would have been worth 
in a State of Xature and take or Cause to be taken such Plan 
or Plans & prepare such Descriptions thereof as may be 
requisite as preparitories to a Grant of the same to the said 
Petitioners make Report of their Doings in Consequence of 
this Resolve to the General Court as soon as may be And 
the said Committee for selling confiscated Estates are hereby 
directed to suspend the sale of said Lands and Prosecutions 
against the present possessor thereof till the further Order 
of the general Court any Law or Resolve to the contrary 
notwithstanding — 

Sent up for concurrence 

xsTath Gorham Speaker 
In Senate March 8 1782 
Read & Concurred 

S Adams Presid* 
Approv'd John Hancock 



Nathaniel Shaw to Committee General Court. 

Boston February 13, 1782 
Gentlemen : 

As you are Appointed by the General Court to take into 

consideration the Value of my Ship Putnam taken lioiii me 

by this State for tlie Penobscot Expedition, T have now to 

inform you that I built the said Ship by Employing the 

workmen by the l>ay, ami att a great expence procured the 



412 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

whole of the Timber from Fishers Island, which is Prefer- 
able to any in this Country and as I intended her for a 
Privateer I spared no pains to procure workmen of the best 
kind paid them in Provisions at the old Price and upon 
Honour I declare to you that she cost very near Sixteen 
Thousand pounds and if I had taken Silver Money for the 
Provisions I could have got 33 1/3 p"" Cent more for them 
than I let the workmen have them at, which will make the 
Ship amount to Twenty odd Thousand pounds and am sure 
I could not at that time have possibly replaced such a ship 
for the sum ; when you consider the great price of every kind 
of Stores necessary for to equip such a ship for Sea I cannot 
believe you will estimate her at less money. She was much 
the Largest Ship in the Fleet (except the Warren) and the 
best Sailor (att that time I fitted a Brig at Sixteen Six 
Pounders and she cost me ten Thousand Pounds) I am in- 
formed that this State determine to do justice to all their 
Conditions if you are of the same opinion I doubt not but 
I shall have justice done me — T[ Col° Waters will deliver 
you the Inventory of her Stores — I have not to add but am 

— Gentlemen your most Hble Serv* 

:N'ath> Shaw 

•[P. S. I expect you will enquire the Character kc of 
the ship from Col° Waters & those persons who were ac- 
quainted with the Ship M'' Sam' Broome M"" Jos. Russell &c 



Petition of Samuel Leighton. 

To the Hon'''^ the Senate and House of Representatives in 

General Court Assembled 

Humbly Shews ^ Samuel Leighton of Kittery in the 

County of York Guardian to Samuel Shapleigh a Minor of 

the age of Sixteen or there abouts. That his said Ward is 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 413 

interested iu Six Several Lotts of unimproved Land in the 
Town of Berwick, each Lott containing one hundred Acres, 
cl' the share of the said Ward, is not more than one Tenth 
part of a Lot, That the Minors Interest is continually dimin- 
ishing, by loss of the Timber and Wood thereon, and is a 
Continual Expence, by reason of Taxes — Your Petitioner 
therefore Prays that he may be enabled to make Sale of the 
said Minor Interest in tlie same Lands, and to Execute a 
Deed of Bargain & Sale thereof to the Purchaser — for the 
Benefit of the said ]\Iinor & as In Duty Bound shall Ever 
Pray &c Samuel Leighton Guardian 

Kittery Jan'' ll'*^ 1782 

It is hereby Certified That at a Probate Court held at 
York in said County July 13"' 1779 That Samuel Leighton 
of Kittery in said County Esq"" was allowed to be Guardian to 
Samuel Shapleigh a Minor upward of Fourteen years of age 
according to said Minor Choice, & gave Bond with two Se- 
curities in £5000 for the faithfull discharge of the Trust. 

David Sewall Reg'' 

From the Information I had from the Guardian of Sam' 
Shapleigh, in Whose Honesty & Integrity, I have great Con- 
fidence, I have the greatest Reason to believe the Facts set 
forth in his Memorial for the Sale of some small pieces of 
Land in Berwick are True, and that unless a speedy disposi- 
tion is made of such Scraps The Ward will in a manner loose 
the Benefit of them. David Sewall 

Feb'' 5"^ 1782 

Action on Forpgoing Prfifion. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Feb*" 18, 1782 
on the Petition of Sam' Leighton Guardian to Samuel 
Shapleigh a minor Praying for liberty to sell s*" minors Share 



414 DOCTJMENTAKY HISTORY 

in six Lots of Unimproved Lands Lying in the Town of Ber- 
wick for reasons set forth in his Petition, 

Resolved that the said Samuel Leighton in his said capa- 
city of Guardian, be and he is hereby Authorized and Im- 
powered to sell the said Parsels of Lands for the most the 
same will fetch and to give and Execute good and sufficient 
Deed or Deeds to the Purchaser or Purchasers, he first giving 
Bonds to the Judge of Probate for the County of York that 
the moneys arizing from Said Sails shall be Apropriated for 
the benefit of said Minor, agreable to Law A 

Sent up for concurrence 

ISTath Gorham, Speaker 
In Senate Febr'' 21^* 1782 

Read & Concurred w*^ amendment at A 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S. Adams Presid* 

At A insert, "the said Guardian observing the Rules & 

Directions of the LaAV respecting the Sale of real Estates by 

Executors and Administrators" 

In the House of Representatives Feb'' 21, 1782 

Read & concurred 

Nath Gorham Speaker 

Approv'd John Hancock 



Resolve in Behalf Cape Elizabeth. 

The Committee of Both houses on y^ petition of y® In- 
habitants of Cape Elizabeth having attended that business 
beg leave to report y® following Resolve — 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate Feb^ 19, 1782 

Whereas it appears that in y*" valuation, by which, y^ 
assessment of 4000 Men for y^ continental Army, for three 
years or during y® war, was appointed on y® several Towns 



OF THE STATE OF JklAINE 415 

in this Commonwealth, according to a Resolve of y^ General 
Court of y' 2" of December 1780 ; the Select Men of y' Town 
of Cape Elizabeth bv some mistake, made return of 100 rate- 
able Polls more than in reality belonged to s'' Town by which 
means an imdue proportion of said Men was appointed on 
s** Town. And whereas, it appears that y® present circum- 
stances of y^ said Town are peculiarly distressing, occasioned 
by y^ great diminuation of its Inhabitants by repeated losses 
at Sea, & y® peculiar severity of y^ drought y" last Season — 
therefore ^ Resolved, that y^ Inhabitants of y*" Town of 
Cape Elizabeth be, & they are hereby exempted from y® pay- 
ment of y" average price of y^ 18 Men assessed upon them 
as their quota of y^ Army for three years or during y^ War, 
t.V also from the payment of y^ fine of fifty p'" Cent for not 
procuring said Men agreable to a Resolve of the General 
Court of the 20*" of October last. ^ And it is further Re- 
solved, that Six of y*' Eighteen Men assessed on said Tov/n 
by ye s^ Resolve of y° 2^ of Dec. 1780 be & they are hereby 
abated y^ s'' Inhabitants 

And it is further Resolved, that ye said Inhabitants are 
pemiitted to Class themselves for the purpose of procuring 
the remaining 12 Men aforesaid on s** Town as aforesaid, in 
order to which, y^ Resolve of the 26 day of February 1781 
for Classing, is herel)y received, so far as it Respects y^ s** 
Town of Cape Elizabeth — |And it is further Resolved that 
y® Treasurer of this Commonwealth is directed to pay Execu- 
tion against the said Inhabitants for y^ average price of y® 
.said 18 men assessed on said Town, with the additional sum 
of fifty P"" Cent, they paying the Cost of any execution that 
may iiliciuly have been issued against tlicm for said purpose, 
anything in s'' Resolve of y" 20'" of October last to y" con- 
trary notwithstanding — provided however that if y^ said 
Inhabitants shall not procure & deliver to y^ Superintendent 
appointed to receive them, the remaining 12 Men afores"' on 



416 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

or before y^ ^ day of April next, the said Treasurer is di- 
rected to issue his Executions against them for y^ average 
price of 12 Men for y" Continental Army, with an addi- 
tional Sum of fifty p"" Cent in manner pointed out in y" said 
Eesolve of the 20'" of October last 
In Senate Feb 19 1782 
Read and accepted 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 
In the House of Eepresentatives Feb^ 25, 1782 

Read & concurred with amendment at A 
viz at A insert, 'fifteenth' 

Sent up for Concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
In Senate Feb'' 25'" 1782 

Read & Concurred 

S x\dams Presid*^ 
Approv'd John Hancock. 



CJias Cusliing to Gov. Hancock. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To His Excellency John Hancock Esquire Governor and 

Commander in Chief &c in and over the Commonwealth 

of Massachusetts 
T[ May Please your Excellency t Having just experienced 
a fresh instance of your Excellencys favor in my appointment 
to the office of Sheriff of the County of Lincoln — I take 
this opportunity to make my acknowledgments therefor — 
But am Sorry to Say that my circumstances will not admit 
of my executing said office at present as my personal attend- 
ance in the County would be necessary in the appointment 
of Deputies — And being so reduced by my late misfortunes 



or THE STATE OF MAINE 417 

that I am rendered unable to be at so great an expence of 

time and Money as such a Journay would occasion ; while 

my Services are needed here in the Support of my Family — 

Wherefore I beg leave to resign said Sheriffs Office — 

hoping in your favor that it should hereafter be convenient 

for me to return to said County I may again be reappointed 

— I am with due respect Your Excellencys Most Obed*^ 

Hum"'* Serv* 

Chas Gushing 
Boston Feb^ 19'" 1782 



Petition of Lydia Tivycross. 

Edmund Bridge of Pownalborough in the County of Lin- 
coln Esq"" 
Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

To the Honourable the Senate and House of Representatives 
The Petition of Lyddia Twycross humbly sheweth that 
the House that she and her Husband Lived in took fire in 
the Night of October the 23" 1776 the Wind blowing hard; 
And Just as they had got in all their Corn and Stores for 
the Winter, the Fire was so rapid that they lost all their 
provisions, and allmost every thing they had and left allmost 
naked The times were so difficult that we could not Support 
our selves and could get no Relief to Cloth us &c My Hus- 
band Kobard Twycross, on that account was obliged to make 
the Best of his way to England to his Honoured Father there 
Vis. The Reveraiid Robard Twycross where he now is: 
He has sent for your Petitioner and their Four Chihlrcn 
Viz Roberd Hercet Twycross, Stephen Twycross, Joseph Lee 
Twycross, and Samuel Goodwin Twycross, To go to him my 
Husband Rob* Twycross, in England : and hath ordered 
Money ko, at New York for mc and my (^liildrcns Support, 

27 



418 DOCUMEXTAEY HISTORY 

and passage ; And Money at Hallif ax if I should arrive there 
in my Passage to !>7ew York Or obtain a passage from Lon- 
don ; Therefore I most Humbly pray your Excellency, and 
Honours to grant me liberty to go to England to my Husband 
with our Four Children and Effects about the value of Sixty 
Pounds in all and that I may have the liberty of geting a 
Vessel and Flagg jSra\'igated by Three or Four Men to carry 
me to New York by the way of Baguaduce and Hallif ax if 
I could not get a passage from one of them places or to go by 
Land which I can obtain most Conveniently and that your 
Excellency and Honours would be pleased to grant that my 
Husband my Self and Children may Return to I^ew England 
again in pase and saf ty : and I farther, most Humbly pray 
your Excellency, and Honours, to grant leave that my 
Honoured Father Samuel Goodwin Esq"" may go with me and 
Children, to obtain a passage and see me and Children on 
Bord som good Ship bound to London: with j^J^ecessaries for 
the Voige, and that he may then return to his Family again 
in Pase and safety : and that I may carry a Woman for help. 
All which Requests your Most Humble petitionar Prays your 
Excellency and Honours to grant, and as in duty bound 

shall ever pray 

Lydia O Twy cross 

Pownalborough February 21**' 1782 

Resolve on Foregoing. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In House of Representatives April 1782 
On the Petition of Lydia Twycross praying that she may 
have liberty to go to England to her husband Robert Twy- 
cross &c J, Resolved that the prayer of s*^ Petition be so far 
granted, that the said Lydia Twycross have liberty to go to 
Bagaduce in the first Flagg of Truce and take with her her 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 419 

four Children mentioned in s'' Petition (viz) Robert Herect 
Twycross, Stephen Twycross, Joseph Lee Twycross & Samuel 
Goodwin Twycross & such Articles only as may be Judged by 
the Select Men of Pownalborough Necessary for their Pas- 
sage, and that the said Lydia do not return again without 
the Liberty of the General Court of this Commonwealth. 

Affidavit of Sain^ Goodwin Jr. 

I Sam' Goodw^in Jun*" of Pownalborough in the County of 
Lincoln testify and say that some time last fall, a Hessian 
Deserter from Baggaduce came to my house, and afterwards 
went from my house to M"" Francis Rittals a ISTeighbour of 
mine and soon after s"* M"" Rittal being at my house We 
entered into some Conversation concerning the said Deserter 
— M"" Rittal told me that he advised him to return again to 
Baggaduce, and advised him to apply to one Doctor ShaeflFer 
to write a Letter for him to his Major — The said Rittal 
further said that he told the said Deserter that if he Went 
among the Damn'd Rebels he would have nothing but Shad 
& Potatoes — He further told me that he told the said De- 
serter that one of his Country men lived with one Sewall a 
Tanner, and that Sewall kept him so poor that he got Lame 
in one of his hands, and then run away, & lived with Doctor 
Theobald — and from thence went to Baggaduce — I fur- 
ther say that I have often heard M'' Rittal express himself 
against the American Cause and those who supported it, with 

great bitterness 

Sam' Goodwin Jun"" 

Lincoln Ss. Feb^ 21, 1782 

M"" Samuel Goodwin Jun"" above-named personally ap- 
peared aii'l made Oath to the Truth of the aforewritten 
Dof)ORition hy liim subscribed ^before mo 

Jon. Bowman Just peace 



420 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Affidavit Joseph North. 

I Joseph North of Lawful age Testify and say that a 
special Court was holden in the County of Lincoln before 
James Howard Esq*" and your Deponant, one John Jones, 
was upon trial, as a person Enemical to the Libertys of Amer- 
ica S** Jones Evidences was Entertained at one Frances 
Rittals (he being an inn holder) the Evidences for the State 
was Reffused Entertainment — the said Evidences made 
Complaint to the Court and Requested them to adjourn to 
another town. Said Rittals General Character is that of 
an Enemical Person, it is my opinion that General Wads- 
worths Exertions were vastly Beneficial to this Country, 
from the threats of our internal Enemies ; and the Recapture 
of Brigadier Cushing, the Friends of America was Dis- 
heartened and Discouraged from Doing their Duty Least 
they should have their intrest Distroyed By Fire or their 
Persons Captivated after Rittal and others were secured 
the Face of things was Changed — Furthermore it is my opin- 
ion that said Rittal House is not Farther than ten miles 
from the Sea Coast, that is to say where the Land is open 

to the ocean. 

Joseph ISTorth 

If Lincoln Ss Feb. 20 A D 1783 

Then the within Named Joseph North made Oath to the 

truth of the within Declarations by him subscribed Before 

me 

Ezekiel Pattee Justice of Peace. 



Affidavit of William Howard. 

I William Howard of Lawfull age testify and say that the 
General Character of Frances Rittal of Pownalborough is 
that he is an Enemie to this Country and associates himself 
with Suspitious Persons att the time said Rittal was taken 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 421 

up by Cap* McLellan our internal Enemies Bore such sway 
that they threatened the Friends to this Commonwealth with 
Captivity — which intimidated the officers from Performing 
their Duty But after said Rittal and others was taken up 
our internal Enemies was Frustrated in their Plans and 
Government went on as usual and its my opinion By puting 
Martial Law in force the Greater Service has Been Done to 
ihis Country Especialy at that time — 

William Howard. 

Lincoln Ss Feb"" 20*^ A D 1783 

Then the within Nam'd William Howard made oath to 
the Truth of the within Declaration by him Subscribed. 
Before me 

Ezekiel Pattee Justice of Peace 

Pownalboro 20**" Feb^ 1782 
Sir, 

I have been to M"" Bowmans in order to give my Deposi- 
tion in the affair between your Father & JVP Rittal, I dont 
Chuse to say any thing about it in that way, but will write to 
Some of the members of the Court which will be of Eaquel 
Service to the Cause — ^I am Sir your hum' Serv* 

Sam Goodridffe 



Resolve in Favor Ezeliel Pattee. 

CuiiiiJionwealth of Massachusetts 

In y® house of Representatives Fel/ 22, 1782 — 

Whereas it appears that Ezekiel Pattee Esq"" of Winslow 

in y* County of Lincoln in order to preserve y* peace of that 

k y* neighbouring settlements, did at y" united request of a 

Meniljer of y" penoljscut Indians & a french priest who I'e- 



422 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

sides amongst tliem supply y® s^ Indians with a quantity of 
provisions the last Winter for which he has heen able to 
obtain no satisfaction from y^ s'^ Indians therefore 1[ Re- 
solved, that y^ Treasurer of this Commonwealth be & he is 
hereby directed to issue Receipts on the Collectors of s"* 
Town of Winslow in favour of the said Pattee for the Sum 
of sixteen pounds six shillings & ten pence half penny to be 
paid out of the last tax assessed on said Town as their quota 
of three hundred thousand pounds granted & assessed on y® 
Inhabitants of said Commonwealth which when received by 
y^ said Pattee Shall be a full satisfaction for the provisions 
supplied y® Indians as aforesaid 
Sent up for concurrence 

ISTath Gorham Speaker 
In Senate March 8'*' 1782 
Read & Concurred 

S. Adams, Presid^ 
Appro v'd John Hancock 



Postmaster General to Samuel Freeman, Esq'' 

Phil" Feb'-y 25**^ 1782 
Sir: 

Congress having honored me with an appointment to the 
Office of Post Master General, it has become my Duty to 
rectify such Things in the Department as are amiss, some 
of which have been long continued contrary to my Judgment 
and Remonstrances. Amongst these is the Post from Ports- 
mouth to Falmouth, which is very expensive, and produces 
nothing worth mentioning. — I am therefore under a ISTeces- 
sity of discontinuing him after the Expiration of the present 
Quarter, unless the Inhabitants upon his Route will subscribe 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 423 

(& satisfactorily secure the Pa^anent of) so far as, with 

the Postage, will defray the Expence — Mr. Libbey has 

Directions accordingly — 1 I am, Sir, Your very hum' Serv^ 

Serv' 

Eben Hazard 

]\Ir Hall is desired to return this 

Superscribed: Samuel Freeman Esq"" Post Master at Fal- 
mouth 



Petition Thos Rice in Behalf County Lincoln. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To the Hon'''^ the Senate & House of Representatives in Gen- 
eral Court Assembled 
Tf Your Petitioner begs the attention & Indulgence of your 
Honors, while he endeavours to state the peculiar & dis- 
tressing Circumstances of the County of Lincoln. The In- 
habitants from their first settlement, which is of late Date, 
to the beginning of the present War, employed themselves 
chiefly in the Fishery & Lumber Business, for the Support 
of themselves & payment of Taxes and but very little culti- 
vated their Lands. At the Commencement of the present 
War, when Men were called for to compose a Continental 
Army, this County, being then no more exposed to the Rav- 
ages of the Enemy than many other Parts of the Common- 
wealth, readily sent more than their Quota into the Field, 
many of whom have never yet returned. In the year 1779 
the Enemy took Possession of Penobscott in ihe Heart of 
the County, and bold it to this Day. This stcj) has at once 
put the Inhabitants, eastward of them, into their Power, 
and exposed those to the westward, in said County, to every 
Depredation they were disposed to make — The Advantages 
in tbcir Power, they have industriously improved, nearly all 



424 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

our Coasting Vessels & fishing Boats have fell into their 
Hands, a very considerable part of our rateable Property, 
and the principal Means of Support & Payment of Taxes. 
Many of our Houses they have robbed or burn'd and, carried 
off much of the Stocks of Cattle & Sheep. Tis the Opinion 
of your Petitioner, that at least three Quarters of the Settle- 
ments in this County, are made on the Sea- Shore, Bays & 
navigable Rivers, accessible to the Enemy in their Ships & 
Boats ; this Circumstance so advantageous to the Enemy, has 
kept the People under constant Fears, frequent Alarms, & 
expensive Watching. ^ The uncommon scarcity of Bread 
that happened two years since, drained the Inhabitants of 
the little Silver they had, they then having nothing else that 
would procure it. Large Quantities of Masts Sparrs & other 
Lumber, procured at great Expence, has for several years 
been decaying on our Shores for want of Opportunity to 
export them. The most severe Drought happened in this 
County the last Summer, that has been known since its first 
settlement, by it every Produce of the Earth was greatly 
diminished, and many of the Inhabitants now destitute of 
Bread without any prospect how to procure it. The County 
thus circumstanced ( viz destitute of money & the means of 
procuring it) The Farms in it, by no means sufficient to 
afford the Xecessaries of Life in the best seasons, and the 
little they commonly produce greatly diminished by the severe 
Drought & swarms of Worms — large Quantities of Limiber 
decaying on the Landings — Coasting Vessels & fishing Boats 
nearly all taken or destroyed — and the Enemy holding a 
strong Post in the Heart of the County, and on those ac- 
counts the People greatly in arrears as to many of the 
Requisitions of Government, it being impossible to comply 
with them under such peculiar Distresses, your Petitioner 
most earnestly entreats your Honors to take the singular 
Case of said County into your wise Consideration, and in- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 425 

stead of demanding Brick in full tail without furnishing 
the necessary straw, a thought, I know your Honors abhor, 
to grant us relief, by ordering a suspension of the Demands 
of Goverimient for Beef, Cloathing & Men, for the Conti- 
nental Army, and a part of the State Taxes, untill the further 
Order of the General Court, or untill the Enemy shall be 
removed from Penobscott, and we put on the same footing 
with the other parts of the Commonwealth, and in the mean 
Time that we may be permitted to raise some Men as in the 
last Season, for the Defence of our sea-Coast, or otherwise 
relieve said County as to your Wisdom shall seem meet, and 
your Petitioner as in Duty bound shall ever pray &g 

Tho^ Eice 
in behalf of the County of Lincoln 

In Senate Feb'' 26^*" 1782 — 

Read & thereupon Order'd that Tho^ Durfee & Jon' Green- 
leaf Esq'"^ with such as the Honorable House shall join, be a 
Committee to take this Petition into Consideration & make 
report — 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid* 

In the House of Representatives Feb: 26, 1782 

Read & concurred & Gen' Lovell M"" Lithgow & M"" Ely are 
joined Nath Gorham Speaker 



Resolve on Treasury Notes. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Feb'' 28*" 1782 
Resolved that the Notes which the Treasurer is directed 
to give by a Resolve passed January 25"' 1782 : on the Peti- 
tion of Colonell Paul Revere & others be funded & issued 



426 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

according to the Act of this State passed in the year of our 
Lord one thousand seven hundred & eighty two entituled an 
Act to empower the Treasurer to receive Government Securi- 
ties on Loan to the Amount of eight hundred thousand 
Pounds — 

Sent up for concurrence 

Nathaniel Gorham, Speaker 
In Senate March T"" 1782 

Read & Concurred 

S. Adams Presid' 

Approv'd John Hancock. 

Resolve on Confiscated Estates. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Feb^ 28, 1782 

Resolved, That the Committee for Selling confiscated 

Estates in the County of Cumberland be, and they are hereby 

directed to suspend the sale of any lands in said County until 

the further order of the General Court. 

Sent up for concurrence 

Nathaniel Gorham Speaker 
In Senate March 8**^ 1782 

Read & Concurred 

S. Adams Presid' 

Approv'd John Hancock 

Petition of Larhin Thorndike. 

To the Honorable the Senate & House of Representatives in 

General Court assembled 

the Petition of Larkin Thorndike humbly Sheweth — 

Tf That your Petitioner Being part owner of the ship Black 

prince & Defence Privateers Lost at the Expedition at 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 427 

penobscott & Laving Rec^ now part of s*^ Ships that your peti- 
tioner having met with misfortunes at Sea which has reduced 
him of allmost the whole of his trading stock — Exclusive 
of what he hath all Ready loaned to this Commonwealth & 
having made a pirchas of some Lands belonging to the Estate 
of John Lendell Rowland Esq"" absentee & finding it allmost 
impossible to raise the money to pay for it beg that you would 
lake into Consideration your petitioner situation & grant that 
as he is willing to Loan two hundred pounds part of the 
money Dew to him from the Common wealth for his part of 
the Ship Black prince & Defence Lost at the Expedition at 
penobscutt which is abought six hundred pounds Lawfull 
money the other four hundred may be allowed for the pay- 
ment of the above mentioned Lands or that my Bond may 
be taken for the four hundred pounds for one year trusting 
therefore to the Clemency of the Honorable the Senate & 
house of Representatives he humbly submiting this petition 
to their wise consideration hoping they will find the reason 
in it sufficient to grant his request & he will in duty bound 

ever pray 

Larkin Thorndike 
Beverly Feb"" 28'^^ 1782 



Joshua Thomas to Governor. 

May it please your Excellency, 

T[ Enclosed are the Proceedings of a Gen' Court Martial, 
held on the 10"" instant by your Excellencys Orders, for the 
Tryal of Lut: Col" Paul Revere. ^[ Indisposition & some 
little Matters of Business, to wliidi I was under the most 
indispensable Ol^ligations to pay an immediate Attention, 
have prevented my furnisliing your Excellency with a Copy 
of the Proceedings and Judgement of said Court Martial 



428 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

earlier than this Day. ^ I am, with every Sentiment of 
Respect, your Excellency's most Obedient, and very humble 
Servant Joshua Thomas 

Boston 28'*' Feb^ 1782 



Proceedings of Court Martial in Case of Paul Revere. 

His Excellency John Hancock Esq' 

At a General Court-Martial, held at Boston on the 19*'' 
Day of Feb^, instant by virtue of the Orders of his Excel- 
lency John Hancock Esq"" Governor & Commander in chief 
of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, for the Trial of 
Lieu* Col° Paul Revere of the Corps of Artillery late belong- 
ing to this State, touching his Behaviour as an Officer when re- 
treating from Major Bagwaduce. T[ Members ^ Brigadier Gen' 
Warham Parks President ^ John Ashley Jun. Seth Gushing 
Seth Washburn Gideon Burt Eben"" Battle Charles Gushing 
Joseph Webb Lieu* Col° John May Major Cap*^ Edward 
Farmer Eben"" Mattoon J. B. Vernum Thompson J Skinner 
Joshua Thomas Judge Advocate ^ The Members being duely 
sworn, and the Judge Advocate being also sworn, the follow- 
ing charges against Lieu°* Col° Paul Revere were read. 
f "For his refusing to deliver a certain Boat to the Order of 
General Wadsworth when upon the Retreat up Penobscot 
River from Major Begwaduce." ^ "For his Leaving Penob- 
scot River without Orders from his Commanding Officer." 
f In Support of the first charge was the Deposition of Gen- 
eral Wadsworth. General Wadsworth deposed, "that upon 
the Retreat of the Army up Penobscot River, a small 
Schooner having on Board the greatest Part of the Provisions, 
was then in the Strength of the Tide, drifting down on the 
Enemy, — that it was in vain that a Number of Boats were 
ordered to tow her across the Stream, and with much Diffi- 
culty that a Boat was got off to take out her Crew, — that in 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 429 

endeavouring this, he was directly opposed by Lieu"' Col" 
Revere, who said, that he (the General) had no Right to 
command either him or the Boat, and gave Orders to the 
contrary. The Boat, however, went ofY to the Schooner. 
The General further deposes, that the Reason Lieu"' Col" 
Revere assigned for refusing the Boat was, that he had all 
his private Baggage at Stake, & asked who would thank him 
for loosing that, in attempting to save the Schooner to the 
State ? t Touching the Second Charge, Cap' Perez Gushing 
deposed, "that upon the Retreat up Penobscot River, CoP 
Revere to whose Corps he belonged, left him on the Bank of 
the River, promising to return in a few Minutes, — that he 
continued there with about forty men he had collected, ex- 
pecting the Return of CoP Revere, from 5 "Clock till near 
dark ; but saw Nothing of CoP Revere, untill he got to Ken- 
nebeck River, — that CoP Revere had an Oppertunity of 
giving Orders to him and the ]\[en before he & they left 
Penobscot River, if he had inclined to, but did not." I^No 
other material Evidence being adduced to support the 
Charges against Lieu"' CoP Revere, he was called upon to 
make his Defence. ^Lieu' CoP Revere acknowledged his 
Refusal to deliver the Boat mentioned alx)ve to the Order of 
Gen' Wadsworth, but observed that the Refusal was made on 
a sudden and he immediately recollecting that Gen' Wads- 
worth was his Superior Officer, delivered the Boat, and she 
was employed in the Business Ordered by the General T[ Re- 
specting the second Charge, CoP Revere observed, that the 
M'hole Army was then in a State of Confusion, that he him- 
self came off in company with the Gen' Officers, and received 
the same Orders to leave Penobscot River, as the other Com- 
manding Officers of Corps. If Cap' Amos Lincoln testified 
"to the good Conduct of CoP Revere in general, that he was 
Judicious, calm, vigilant, and attentive to the Object of the 
Expedition. ^ The same Facts were deposed by Lieutenants 



430 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Phillips and M'^Intyer. Tf Lu' Col" Revere having closed 
his Defense, the Court after maturely deliberating on the 
whole Evidence, proceeded to make up Judgement as follows. 
^ The Court find the first Charge against Lut Col" Paul 
Revere to be supported (to wit) his refusing to deliver a cer- 
tain Boat to the Order of Gen' Wadsworth when upon the 
Retreat up Penobscot River from Major Begaviduce;" but 
the Court taking into Consideration the Suddenness of the 
Refusal, and more especially, that the same Boat was in fact 
employed by Lut Col° Revere to effect the Purpose ordered 
by the General, as appears by the General's Deposition ; are 
of Opinion, that Lut Col" Paul Revere be acquited of this 
Charge. Tf On the Second Charge, the Court considering, 
that the whole Army was in great Confusion, and so scattered 
and dispersed, that no regular Orders were or could be given, 
are of Opinion, that Lut: Col" Revere be acquited with 
equal Honor as the other Officers in the same Expedition. 
Tf A true Copy from the Minutes 

Attest: J. Thomas 

Judge Advocate 
I approve of the opinion of the Court Martial as stated 

in the foregoing Report — 

John Hancock. 

Resolve in Behalf County of Lincoln. 

The Committee of both Houses to whom was committed 
the Petition & Memorial of y" Hon"'" Thomas Rice Esq' & 
others respecting the County of Lincoln ask leave to report 
the following Resolve 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the house of Representatives March T*"" 1782 

^Whereas it appears from the petition & Memorial of the 
Hon"'® Thomas Rice Esquire, & others, in behalf of the In- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 431 

habitants of the County of Lincoln, that the said Inhabitants 
from various causes mentioned in said Petitions, are reduced 
to a situation peculiarly distressing ; l)ut more especially from 
their being constantly exposed to the ravages & depredations 
of the Enemy ; therefore, 1 Resolved, that One hundred effec- 
tive Men including non Commissioned Officers be immediate- 
ly raised by voluntary inlistment in the County of Lincoln 
for the immediate defence of the same to continue in the 
service of said Commonwealth untill the first day of Dec"" 
next unless sooner discharged ; that said Troops shall be 
properly armed & equipped ; that they shall compose 2 Com- 
panies of 50 Men each including non Commissioned Officers; 
that when raised they shall be on the Continental Establish- 
ment in every respect ; that the whole shall be commanded by 
a Field Officer ; that they shall be mustered by the muster 
Master hereafter to be appointed, & Officered by the Governor 
*t that they shall be employed as ranging Companies within 
said County & be under the direction of the Governor, who is 
hereby empowered, by & with the advice of Council to order 
the said Troops or any part of them in cases of emergency to 
march into any part of the Counties of York, Cumberland, & 
Lincoln ^[And it is further Kesolved that the Officer who 
shall be appointed to command s^ Men be & he is hereby 
appointed to muster the said Troops & pay them the Bounties 
hereafter granted by this Resolve, t And as a further en- 
couragement to such persons as may be disposed to inlist in 
said Service in defence of their Country & the Persons & 
property of themselves & neighbours it is further ^[Resolv'd 
that a Bovmty of three pounds p"^ man in specie shall be al- 
lowed «& paid to each non Commissioned Officer & private 
Soldier whr* slinll inlist in said service, on his passing muster, 
& for the immediate procurement of a Sum of Money ade- 
quate to s'' purpose, it is further Resolved that the Sum of 
three hundred Pounds be assessed on the several Towns & 



432 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

plantations within the s'' County in the following proportions 

agreable to the last valuation Viz^ on the Town of 

Pownalborough 

Georgetown 

N^ewcastle 

Woolwich 

Topsham 

Pittston 

Winthrop 

Vassalbo rough 

Winslow 

Bristol 

S* Georges 

Warren 

Thomaston 

Howardston 

Lewiston 

Balltown 

Wales 

Nor ridg walk 

Sterlington 

Bath 

Bowdoinham 

Hallowell 

Booth-bay 

Waldoborough 

Edgecomb 

Mediuncook 

Walpole 

Total 300 .. — .. — 

If And it is further Eesolved that the Select Men and As- 
sessors of the several Towns & plantations aforesaid are here- 
by required without delay to assess their several Towns & 



£23 


8 


10% 


28 


8 


103/4 


17 


15 


21/4 


18 


10 


1/4 


14 


11 


3% 


8 


5 


41/4 


9 


5 


41/4 


8 


18 


53/4 


8 


15 


53/4 


26 


18 


31/2 


10 


18 


41/4 


8 




m 


8 




'^V2 


2 


18 


53/4 


3 


17 


93/4 


1 


18 


103/4 




19 


51/2 


1 


17 


43/1 


1 


12 


434 


13 


15 


3 


9 


16 


43/4 


12 


19 


51/4 


13 


15 


3 


19 


9 


11/4 


13 


19 


113/4 


2 


11 


101/4 


3 


11 


4 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 433 

Plantations in the sums set against them respectively in the 
above Schedule & make return of said Assessments to the 
Treasurer of the said County on or before the IS*** day of 
April next & issue their warrants to the Constables or Col- 
lectors their respective Towns or plantations requiring them 
to pay the sums respectively committed to them to collect to 
the said Treasurer on or before the lO^** day of May next who 
in case of delinquency in any Constable or Collector in not 
paying in the sum or sums committed to him or them to col- 
lect as aforesaid is hereby empowered & directed to issue his 
Execution or Executions against them in manner provided 
by law in case of delinquency in collecting County taxes. 
^And it is further Resolved that the said Treasurer is di- 
rected to pay the Sums by him received in pursuance of this 
Kesolve to the said Muster Master taking his receipts there- 
for, for the expenditure of which the said Muster Master 
Shall be accountable. 

And it is further Resolved that the said Muster Master is 
empowered k directed to pay to each non Commissioned Offi- 
cer & Soldier aforesaid the bounty to which they are respec- 
tively entitled by this Resolve on their passing Muster taking 
duplicate Receipts therefor one of which to be lodged in the 
Secretarys Office ^ And it is further Resolved that the Several 
Towns & plantations aforesaid are exempted from raising any 
part of their respective quotas of 1500 men for the Continental 
Army, assessed on the several Towns & plantations within 
this Commonwealth by a resolve of the iirst day of ]\Iarch 
current. ^[ And it is further Resolved that the demand for 
Men for the army agreable to s"" requisition of the General 
Court of y* s*^ day of Dec"" 1780 so far as it respects the said 
Towns ^ plantations is suspendc<l uutill the further Orders 
f)f the General Court, provided, notwithstanding that such 
Men as have been raised by any of the said Towns & Planta- 
tions by Virtue of the last mentioned Resolve shall be held 

28 



434 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

to join the Armv as tho' this Resolve had never passed. 
^ And Whereas it is absohitely necessary for the good of the 
Service that the said Troops should have an early constant 
&r adequate Supply of provisions & warlike Stores, it is there- 
fore further Resolved that on application made by the Com- 
manding Officer aforesaid to the Commissary General of this 
Commonwealth for provision & warlike stores for the use of 
the Troops under his Command the said Commissary is di- 
rected to lay such application before the General Court if 
sitting that such order may be taken thereon as may by said 
Court be deemed expedient and if any such application 
should be made to the said Commissary General during the 
recess of the General Court he is directed to lay the same 
before the Governor & Council & the Governor is requested 
to issue such immediate Orders to the said Commissary Gen- 
eral for procuring & forwarding such Articles of provision 
or warlike Stores or any part thereof to said County as he 
with the advice of Council may from time to time judge 
expedient for the good of the Service which Supplies shall 
be charged to the United States. 

And it is further Resolved that the Agent of this Common- 
wealth is directed to procure & forward to said Commanding 
Officer as soon as may be five good Whale Boats for the use 
of said Troops & that the same be charged to the United 
States and if the said Agent should judge it expedient to 
procure said Boats or any of them in the Counties of Lincoln 
or Cumberland the Treasurer of said Commonwealth directed 
to issue his receipts or any of the Constables or Collectors of 
said Counties respectively in favour of such person or per- 
sons with whom the said Agent may contract for the purpose 
aforesaid to the amount of the Sum or Sums so contracted for 
if the said Agent shall judge it expedient the said Agent 
procuring a Warrant Agreable to the Constitution there- 
fore — 



or THE STATE OF MAINE 435 

xVnd whereas it is probable that the Beef collected for the 
use of the Continent in the County of Cumberland may be 
wanted for the use of the Troops to be raised by this or any 
subsequent Resolve in the Eastern Counties it is therefore 
further Resolved the said Beef be retained in said County 
untill the further Order of the General Court any resolve to 
the contrary notwithstanding and the Agent for the said 
County is directed to secure the same in some place of safety 
any Resolve to the contrary notwithstanding — | And it is 
further Resolved that if any of the Select Men or Assessors 
of the said Towns or plantations shall neglect to make the 
Assessments required by this Resolve or shall neglect to make 
return of the same as afores** they shall respectively forfeit 
k pay to the use of this Commonwealth the Sum of fifty 
pounds to be recovered by action of debt by such person as 
the General Court may hereafter appoint for s^ purpose 
^ And it is further resolved that the Secretary be directed to 
procure twenty seven printed Copies of this Resolve, and to 
take the earliest Opportunity to forward one, to each Town 
& Plantation in said County. 

In Senate March 7'*' 1782 

Read & sent down S Adams Presid* 

In the House of Representatives March 7, 1782 
Read and accepted 

Sent up for concurrence 

Natli Gorham, Speaker 
In Senate March 7, 1782 

Read k rVtnciirred with Amendment at A 

Sent flown for Coiif-nrrence S Adams Presid' 

? at A insert, agreable to a Resolve of Congress 
In the House of Representatives March 7, 1782 

Read & concurred Nath Gorham Speaker 

Approv'd John Hancock 



436 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Resolve Relating to Losses of Towns. 

Resolve, directing the Selectmen of those Towns where the 
Enemy have made depredations, to cause an account thereof 
to be transmitted to the Secretarys office, — pass'd March S**" 
1782 ^''Resolve, that the Selectmen of those Towns within 
this Commonwealth wherein the enemy have made wanton 
destruction of property, be, & they hereliy are required, to 
cause to be transmitted to the Secretary's Office, within sixty 
days from the date hereof, a fair and just return of the dam- 
age thereby done, which damage, particularly that to real 
property) is to be ascertained by the affidavits of people of 
known good character, & if possible to be accompanied with 
a short recital of the conduct of the enemy in each trans- 
action." 

Account of Damage done by the Enemy to the Inhabitants 
in the several Towns in this Commonwealth — taken agree- 
able to Resolve of the General Court pass'd S^*' March 1782 
Viz* 

Boston — — County of Suffolk £323,074 .. 14 .. 6 

Dorchester D" 2,273.. 17.. 10 

Ealmouth — County of Cumberland 54,741.. 19.. — 



Total £380,090.. 11.. 4 

Col. Allan to the Governor. 

Machias March 8"^ 1782 
Sirs — 

I had the Honour of Writing Your Excellency a few days 
Ago by a French Gentleman Expecting by this Time to have 
been able to have Compleated a General State of Matters in 
this Department, but Continuing very Unwell, will Also I 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 437 

fear prevent it by this Oppertiniity — T[ This will be delivered 
your Excellency By Lieut. DeLesdernier, who I have Im- 
powered to Transact the Business of tlue Department in Bos- 
ton, & who will receive any Orders or Commands that may 
be thot necessary — ^ The Great discontent which took place 
Among the Indians Last Summer, in not having Necessary 
Supplys, & the Trade not being in a Manner: Agreeable to 
their Expectations, withdrew to the River S' Johns, where 
every Step has been taken & means used to detain them, 
what their Detirmination is, is still Unknown — But shall 
proceed Amoung them as soon as the Season will permit. 

It appears by the manner in which Any Supplys have 
lately Come, is perticularly confined to the Post of Mechias, 
and As it has been Generaly thro necessity the Head Quarters 
— it Look'd upon to be the principal object in the Indian 
Business — This was verry Foreign from my Intentions, 
as the place itself is noways Calculated for Indians, being 
destitute of Fishing, Fowling and Hunting — it Never was 
Intended, only as a Temporary retreat for them, Always In- 
tending to remove Eastward when the country was in a State 
of Security & safety. For the Comfort & Satisfaction of the 
Indians, as well as Advantageous & more profitable for the 
States, & woud Also Secure a Great Extent of Country with 
an Open Communication to Nova Scotia & Canada all which 
Government has been Acquainted with — 

blatters Ijeiug thus (on find to Mechias, The Troops for 
the Indian Business Under my Command being Continued 
at the Post, and the Injunction upon myself in a Military 
Capacity, retards & obstructs the Original Business Orderd 
by Congress, ol" Securing tlic Indian intci-est. As the State 
of tbe (Country now is & has been loi- sonu; tinn; past. The 
^lilitia being properly Oi-gani/ed iV under the Command of 
^len of ljndoubt(;d Abiiitys, tlici'c; needs not more tluMi a 
Subalterns or a Non ( onmiission'' Otlicer's Conunand I'oi- the 



438 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

Care of the Fort — from this the Expence for the sole care 
of this Post as nothing can be done with Indians for want of 
JSTecessarys & payment for men Is Burthensom & Unprofitable 
to the States, And thro this Channell Under coular of the 
Indian Department I find many Matters has been obtained 
from Governm' & Resolves & Orders passd unbeknown to me, 
must Request for the future, nothing may be Allowed with- 
out a Certificate as my Intention is to use as much Economy 
as possible — I have made a Practice during the Agency to 
make Alterations when necessary and never Allow'd more in 
Office, or for a Longer time then was necessary for the busi- 
ness Intended. The department was of such a nature that 
nothing permanent coud be Established — ^ I have there- 
fore to Acquaint Your Excellency that if not Otherways 
ordered I purpose moveing Immediately near to the River 
S' Croix, the Boundrys between the Province of main and 
Acadia where the Indians have agreed to joyn me, By which 
I shall be more Able with Less Expence to Negociate the 
Business orderd by Congress, will be the means of stoping 
the Enemy in pursuing their design of securing those parts 
they having Erected another Fort on S' Johns River for the 
purpose with many other advanges — and must request that 
the Post of Mechias be not Considered as Concenid in said 
Business The whole is so triffleing at present, I thot it 
prudent as far as my authority Extended to Reduce the Staff 
department & others not Usefull — For my Business I 
shall want the men which I have Retaind with me, as well 
as some necessary Ar+ickles from the Fort which may be 
easily spared I have also sent a memorial to your Excel- 
lency and the Honorable Court for some supplys & assistance, 
to Enable me to prosicute the business, this with the Troops 
pay Roll I must Earnestly pray & request may be attended 
to with all speed and Assistance Granted as soon as possible 
^I must Also Inform your Excellency that there is several 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 439 

privateers Conimissious this way under the Sanction of 
which Quantity of Rum & other matters are conveyd to Nova 
Scotia and Bagaduee and an Illicite Trade Open*^ & Counti- 
nenced by Numbers in the Country — T[ After the Spring 
business with the Indians is accomplished must agen Solicite 
Your Excellencys Indulgence to Grant me Liberty of Ab- 
sence to Go Westward — as I have not settled any Account 
since the begining of Last Year, Expecting to go up & not 
Chusing to Trust my Accounts any more without my At- 
tendence Mr DeLesdernier, who has been Constant with me 
in every transaction with Indians, will acquaint Your Ex- 
cellency of any matter respecting the Affairs of this Country 
^ I have the Honour to Be with very Great Respect If Your 

Excellencvs most obd & Devoted Hble 

J Allan 



Petition of John Allan. 

Indian Eastern Department 

To the Hono"* Senate and House of Representatives of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts — 

^ The Petition of John Allan Continental Agent for In- 
dian Affairs in the Eastern Department — Humbly Sheweth 

That your Petitioner having at present the direction of 
ilic Indian Affairs in the Eastern Department Under the 
Authority of the want of every Necessary for the Purpose — 
1 The Principle part of the Indians being at present drawn 
away to S"^ Johns, it will Require a Speedy Assistance, that 
an early Excursion may be made to Secure their Interests 
as every Step will be taken on S^ Johns and fi'oni (-anada to 
detain them in the British Literest — ^| JMechias being No 
Ways Calculated for Indians & tlieir Constant Attendence 
Not Necessary at that Place, Their Inclination being where 



440 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Fish, Fowls &c, Can be procured, which Must Greatly Reduce 
Any Expence — Your Petitioner Intends immediately to re- 
move up a River at Passamaquody, where he hopes By the 
Blessings of Providence to Keep a Great part of them in 
Interest — ^ Therefore your Petitioner, Humbly Requests 
that your Honours woud be pleased to Grant, & Order to be 
immediately Delivered to Lieutenant Lewis Fred"^ De Les- 
dernier, for the use of the Indian Business, Itself, Two 
Months — Rations for Twenty five persons Employed in the 
Service, Four Barrils of Powder — 1600 wh' of Shott & 
Ball, 1000 Flints, One Hh** Tobacco, One pipe small Wine, 
One Hh*^ Rum & Ten Good felling Axes, As Also the Sum of 
Two Hundred pounds for Contingencys & payment of other 
small Debts Contracted — Your Petitioner further Prays 
that your Excellency & Honours woud be pleased to Grant 
Some Indian Corn and one Hh'' of Molases for the Use of 
Indians when call'd together, & other necessary Demands in 
the course of the Business that cannot be Evited — 1 The 
whole Humbly submited to the Ditermination of the Honor- 
able Court Bye 

J Allan 

Machias Commonwealth of Massachusetts March 8^^ 1782 



Stephen Jones to the Governor. 

Machias March 9'*' 1782 
Sir 

Some late proceedings of Colonel Fosters, who was Com- 
manding Officer of the Sixth Regiment of Militia in the 
County of Lincoln, haveing touched my honour in a most 
sensible manner. Am under the necessity of applying to your 
Excelency for Redress. Colonel Foster Issued Summonses 
on the Sixth of ISTovember last, to the Captains & Subalterns 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 441 

of the Regiment to meet on the twenty first of the Same 
month, to Elect the Field officers of the Regiment. Twelve 
officers met on the day appointed, and having no persons 
present (hut the Electors) to influence them in there de- 
liberations, they proceeded to the Election, and Alexander 
Campbell Esq"", had twelve votes for Colonel, I had Eleven 
Votes for Lieutenant Colonel, and M"" Jabez Simpson Seven 
votes for ]\rajor — We were declared by the moderator to be 
duly elected, and notified by him of our appointment and we 
certified to him our accej)tance. About two months after- 
wards Colonel Foster told the Moderator that he had received 
a letter from Colonel Campbell, in which was inclosed a 
letter from Lieu* Bane, of Frenchman's Bay Company, 
wherein he complains that he and Lieu* Clark, of the Same 
Company, did not receive there Summonses Seasonably enough 
to attend the meeting, and that they and several more of the 
Inhabitants of Frenchmans Bay, were displeased with M"" 
Simpsons being appointed major, but at the same time ex- 
pressed there entire satisfaction in Colonel Campbells and 
my appointment. Colonel Foster and a few other persons 
here, being some what disapointed in my haveing the Lieut 
Colonelcy, he was glad to catch at any thing where there was 
the least prospect of throwing me out and for that purpose 
Issued new Summonses to the Captains and Subalterns to 
meet on the sixth Instant, to enquire into the legality of the 
meeting on the twenty first of November, and if they should 
consider it 1o be Illegal, then for them to (yhuse a Colonel, 
Lieut Colonel and Major. 'Jx'u legal officers met on the day 
appointed, but it being Rany and they expecting three offi- 
cers more, waited untill the next day about twelve oclock, 
when tli(! tlii(t(: olliccrs exjjected arrive<l, 'i'liey (hen formed 
themselves into u body, Chose a Moderator and without ever 
making any regular en(|ui(!i'y (after being embodyed) into 
ihe legalily of the I'ninicr meeting, Ihey proceeded to 



442 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

cbuseing Field officers, and made Choice of Colonel Campbell 
again for Colonel, Captain Jeremiah Obrian had nine votes 
for Lieut Colonel and Captain Joseph Wallis, eight votes for 
Major, and they were declared to be elected, it appeared to 
me and others that were present, that every artifice was used 
by Colonel Foster, his adjutant, and Several others, to in- 
fluence and prejudice the minds of the Electors against me, 
whereby the freedom of Election, was in a great measure de- 
stroyed, but Several of my friends, as well as my self. Con- 
sidered the whole of the proceedings from the Issueing of the 
last Summons, to the disolution of the meeting, to be wholly 
Illegal, therefore made no opposition. We were of oppinion 
that the whole was a piece of artifice, to give an opertunity to 
create a division, in order to have some plea for a new Elec- 
tion, of all the Field officers, it apears to us that Colonel 
Foster had no right, or authority, to order an enquiery to be 
made into the legality of the first meeting, the only objec- 
tion they had against the legality of it, was Lieu* Bane & 
Clarks not being notified in season to attend, and that matter 
we thought ought to have been referred to your Excelency's 
decision — I have at Captain Talbot's Request inclosed a 
Coppy of his reasons of disent against the legality of the first 
meeting. We that are agreed, appeal to your Excelency, 
Wheither Beans, & Clarks, not being notified in season, can 
destroy the legality of the first meeting, there being more 
than half the officers of the Regiment present and Lieut 
Bean & Clark had expressed an entire satisfaction in the two 
first officers of the Regiment. We also desire to submit to 
your decision wheither Colonel Foster had any legal Author- 
ity to Summons the last meeting, and require the officers to 
decide upon the legality of the first meeting, as they were all 
parties Concerned, and wheither they could when assembled, 
lawfully proceed to a new election of Field officers. If the 
first meeting was legal, I shall expect my Commission, but 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 443 

if it was not, Shall depend on 3'oiir Exeelencys giving such 
orders and directions respecting the matter as shall be agree- 
able to the laws, and Consistent with our Rights and privi- 
ledges. *| I have not the honour of being Personaly acquainted 
with your Excel ency, and Should you desire to know any 
particulars respecting my character, and abilities, you may 
inform yourself by inquireing of Colo Hichborn and John 
Coffin Jones Esq"" of Boston 

•[ I beg your Exeelencys pardon for troubling you with so 
long a letter, which I should not have done, had not I appre- 
hended that the Electors Rights and priviledges were in- 
fringed, as well as my own — ^I have the honnour to be 
your Excellency's 1 Most Obedient Humble Serv' 

Stephen Jones 



P. Talbot to the Governor. 

His Excelency John Hancock Esq"" 

Whereas a number of the Captains and Subalterns, of the 
Sixth Regiment of Militia in the County of Lincoln, did 
assemble themselves into a Body on thursday the Seventh of 
this Instant March, in pursuance of a Summons Issued by 
Benjamin Foster Esq"", late Colonel of said Regiment, to 
meet at the dwelling house of Cap' John Bucknam at pleasant 
River, on Wednesday the sixth of this Instant, at ten oclock 
before noon, to enquire into the legality of the proceedings 
of the meeting of said Captain and Subalterns on the twenty 
first of November last — T[And Whereas the said Captains 
and Subalterns, did on the said Seventh day of March, pro- 
ceed to the Election of field officers. Therefore I the Sub- 
scriber Considering the said proceedings of the said Captains 
and Subalterns on the said Seventh day of March, to be 
wholy Illegal, do as a free and Independent Elector enter my 



444 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

disent against said proceedings — T[ First because that I am 
of opinion that Colonel Foster had no legal authority to order 
or enquire into the legality of the proceedings of the s'' Cap- 
tains and Subalterns on the twenty first of November last — 
^\ Secondly If Colonel Foster had sufficient authourity, the 
business the said Captains and Subalterns, were Summoned 
to meet for, was not attended to, for they were summoned to 
meet on the Sixth of this Instant at ten oclock, which they 
did not do, for altho part of them assembled, yet they did 
not form themselves into a regular body on said day by 
chusing a moderator — ^ thirdly Because when they were 
Assembled on the Seventh, and had Chose a moderator, they 
did not make a due and Regular enquiery into the proceed- 
ings of the meeting on the twenty first of November last; as 
the summons required, but proceeded to a new Choice of field 
officers T[ fourthly because I believe that Colonel Benjamin 
Foster, Cap* Jonas Farnsworth, and others were tampering 
and using there endeavours to prejudice and influence the 
minds of the Electors against the Gentlemen that were 
Chosen Lieu* Colonel, and Major, at the meeting on the 
twenty first of November last, (from the time of the first 
assembling of the said Captains & Subalterns on the Sixth 
untill the final Issue of the said choice made on the Seventh) 
whereby it was not a free and due election | fifthly because 
the Captains and Subalterns of said Regiment were Sum- 
moned by said Colonel Benjamin Foster, to meet at said 
Bucknams, at said Pleasant River on the twenty first day of 
November last ; for the purpose of chuseing one Colonel, one 
Lieu* Colonel, and one Major, on which day more than a 
Majority of the said Captains and Subalterns did meet and 
Chose there Field officers agreable to said Summons, of 
which the gentlemen elected had due notice and signified 
there acceptance *| Sixthly Because Lieu* Joel Whitney one 
of the Electors on the Seventh, was Elected a Subaltern on 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 445 

the fourth Instant at Chandlers River, were there is not a 
sufficient number of men for a Company agreable to law, and 
therefore not entitled to have any officers at said plantations 
accept they were united with some Company T[ Signed 

P. Talbot. 



Certificate in re Sloop Centurion. 

Boston March 14 1782 
This Certifies — 

That the sum of Two hundred & eight pounds twelve shil- 
lings & four pence for the Balance of the loss of hire of the 
Sloop Centurian a Transport on the Penobs* Expedition 
1779, together with Thirty five pounds six shillings & three 
pence for Interest, amounting in all to Two hundred forty 
three pounds eighteen shillings & seven pence specie, is due 
to Cap' William McLellan which when paid will be in full 
said Loss & hire & also his own Wages as Master of s^ 

Sloop — 

Alex Hill 1 Com'"® for auditing 

Thomas Ivers ( the a/c^ of the B** War. 

His Excellency The Governor The Hon' The Council of the 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Council March 14 1782 

R"* & Advised that a W' be drawn on the Treas'' for 

£243., 18.. 7 in full of this Certificate agreable to Resolve 

of 28"" January last. John Avery Sec' 

Certificate in rr Sloop Forlunr. 

Boston March 15, 1782 
This Certifies 

That the Sum (jf Three hundred fifty two pounds six shil- 
lings & ton pence for the Loss, Hire & Masters Wages of the 
Sloop rortiiiic (III the Expedition to Penobscot 1779 with 



446 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Fifty one pounds one shilling & five pence for Interest there- 
on amounts to Four hundred & three pounds eight shillings 
& three pence, is due to Cap* David Drinkwater, which when 
paid will be in full 

Alex Hill I Com'''^ for Audita the 

Thomas Ivers \ Accounts of the Board of War 

His Excellency the Governor & The Hon* The Council of the 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Council March 19*'' 1782 

H^ & Advised That a W* be drawn on the Treas" for 
£403 .. 8 .. 3 in full of this Certificate agreeable to Resolve 
of 20*'' January 1782. John Avery Sec'' 



Petition of Amos Lincoln. 

To his Excellency John Hancock Esq"" Captain General and 
Governor in Chief and the Honorable Council of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts — 
The Petition of Amos Lincoln Cap* of a Comp^ of 
Matrosses in the Services of the Commonwealth — Humbly 
Sheweth that agreable to a Resolve of the General Court 
past April 27*** 1780 the Soldiers that is Inlisted into said 
Com^ are intitle to a Suite of Clouthes Yearly whilist in said 
Service that they been in the Service allmost two years and 
have not Receiv*^ but one Suite of Clouthes and being greate 
Want of them, ^Your Petitioner Humbly pray your Ex- 
cellency and Honours will be Pleased to give Orders upon 
M"" Wales and Davis Cloathiers for this State for to Deliver 
a Suite of Cloathes for Each Soldiers Agreable to the Inlist- 
ing Orders upon my Making a Return to them of the Sol- 
diers that is been in the Service above one year and in Duty 

Bound Shall Ever Pray — 

Amos Lincoln Cap* 
Boston March 18 1782 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 447 

Til Council March 20, 1782 

Advised that Eheiiezer Wales Esq"" & Capt Aniasa Davis 
a Committee of Supplies he directed to supply the Company 
of Matrosses in the Service of this Commonwealth under the 
Command of Cap^ Amos Lincoln with a Suit of Cloaths each 
agreeably to the Establishment passed the General Court 
April 27'^ 1780 as by the List of said men hereto Annexed — 
Attest John Avery Sec^ 

Certificate in re Sloop Sparroiv. 

Boston March 27 1782 
This Certifies 

That the sum of Three hundred forty nine pounds, twelve 
shillings & eleven pence, for the Loss »& hire of the Sloop 
Sparrow a Transport on the Expedition to Penobscot 1779 
with the master of said Vessell and three INfens wages, with 
forty eight pounds eighteen shillings & ten pence for Interest 
thereon, amounts to Three hundred ninety eight pounds 
eleven shillings & nine pence, is due to Cap* Samuel Drink- 
water, which when paid to him will be in full. — 

Thomas Ivers \ Com*^ for audit^ the a/c'^ of y^ B** War 
His Excellency the Governor & The Hon' The Council of the 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

Til r,»niicil March 27*" 1782 

K'' & advised that a W* be drawn on the Treas^ for 
£308 .. 11 .. 9 in full of this Certificate 

John Avery Sec^ 

Memorial of Lev)is Fred'' DeLesdernier. 

To His Excellency The Governor & The Hono^'" Council 

^ The Memorial of Lew F. DeLesdernier in Behalf of 
Col" John Allan Continental Superintendent of Indians 



448 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

Eastern Department — Humbly Sheweth — ^ That your 
]\Iemorialist being Appointed Agent to Col° Allan and by 
him Instructed to wait on Government to Solicite Immediate 
Assistance to Enable the Superintendent to prosecute his Bus- 
iness with the Indians as early as possible in the Spring — 
And finding it Highly Necessary to Fix his Head Quarters 
Nearer to the Indians on the Boundrys of Nova Scotia, 
About Sixty Miles to the Eastward of Mechias — Therefore 
your Memorialist is directed by Col" Allan to Solicite and 
Apply to your Excellency & Honors, to Be pleased to Grant 
J^eave to Remove part of the Artiliary & Ordnance Stores 
Now at the Post of Mechias, to the River Scudeck in Pasa- 
maquody, And to Grant Ten Small Arms to be Given certain 
of the Indians that have the Strongest Attachment to the 
America Cause — f And Your Memorialist as in duty bound 

shall every pray 

Lew'^ Fred*^ DeLesdernier 
Boston, March SS''^ 1782 



Memorial of DeLesdermer to Governor. 

Boston Apr' 1, 1782 
Sir. 

I take the Liberty of troubling our Excellency in Be- 
half of Col" Allan Superintend of Indian Affairs in the 
Eastern Department, Who has Constituted me, his Agent 
with directions and Instructions to Wait on Governm' to 
Represent the Extreeme Indigent State of, And to Solicite 
aid for, that Department- — T[ In its present Situation, 
it is Impossible for it to Exist much Longer without Im- 
mediate Assistance & Suport, which if not obtained early 
this Spring Must be Attended with the worst Consequences 
— The Public Credit there Exhausted not a peney of 
Money, & not a Mouthfull of provisions by this Time, as 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 449 

there was not more than three weeks Rations remaining 
in the Stores at the time of my Departure — The Court 
not setting makes it verry difficult, and before it meets 
find decides on the Application presented, the Season will 
be so far advanced that the Assistance Solicited for, will not 
so Effectualy promote the Public Service in the Indian Busi- 
ness, as at this Juncture — 

A Vessell Going for Mechias which in a few days will 
sail, Urges me to Earnestly Intreat a Consideration of the 
Applications of Col° Allan, And Ilimibly Request a defeni- 
tive Answer of what may be done, that I may Inform him 
of the Determination of Government Respecting the Several 
Matters in Question — 

I also presume On Your Excellency's Candid Sentiments 
towards the distressed and Implore the favour of being Con- 
siderd in the Petition in Behalf of my self presented here 
with — I am with Great Respect Your Excellencys Most 
Obediant Hum' Servant 

Lew Fred DeLesdernier 

P. S. I beg Leave to Mention there is a Resolve of Feb- 
ruary 17S1 Impowering Your Excellency to Grant Supplys 
for the Troops Raisd by Order of Congress which Are those 

tiow in Service — 



Report to Commissary General. 

Sir, Agreeable to the resolve of the General Court of 
Massachusetts, of March the Seveiilh, lliat the troops under 
my rJomiii;iii(|, should li;i\'(' iiu <';irly, constant and a(h'(|uato 
siiply of pi-ovisioiis and wai-like Stores, — that on application 
to yoiii- I'yxcellericy, for such suplies, tlicy should be sent on 
immediately, — therefore I have done my self the pleasure, to 

29 



450 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

enclose your Excellency, a list of such necessary's, that is 
wanted in the eastern Department, ^[From Your Excel- 
lency's Very Hum"'' Ser^'"°* 
April y" 4 1782 

His Excellency Commissary General, James Hunter Lieu' 
Col" Comm'^' Boston 

An acount of warlike Stores and provisions, wanted for 
the officers and men, under my Command, for the eastern 
Department ^ Guns &cc &cc &cc T[ 10 tents 20 Camp 
kittles dragg ropes bouls and Buckets Canteens ifsTapsacks 
Blankets intrenching tools, a few Carpenters tools axes and 
tommehoaks Cartrige paper writeing paper ink Powder Seal- 
ing wax, or wafers, Soap and Candles 2 Drums, and 2 fifes, 
1 Docf^ Box, medicins, Likewise provisions, in order that I 
may take post immediately, 
April y" 4 1782 

]Sr. B. some saile boat nails, Canvis and pitch for repair- 
ing the Said boats. 



Eben'' Preble to Governor and Council. 

To his Excellency the Governor & the Hon*'*'' the Council of 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 
^ This may Certify your Excellency and Honors that on my 
arrival at Penobscot with my sister Oxnard, Commadore 
Mowatt immediately took possession of my Vessell, and put 
on Board a Number of Prisoners for Salem, not suffering me 
to transact the Business of I^athaniel Coffin, agreeable to the 
permit (Obtained by him) Dated August the sixteenth, 
which now accompany's this Certificate 
Falmouth 4*'' April 1782 Eben^ Preble 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 451 

Memorial Selectmen of Berwick. 

Berwick April 5'*^ 1782 
John Hill Esq-- 

S"" at this time of difficulty & distress with the people in 
general in this Town constrains us to express our Sentiments 
to You on their Respective making no doubt but You will do 
every thing in Your power consistent with Justice for their 
relief We wou'd not wish if it was in Your power to have 
any exclusive right or favour granted by the General Court 
to this Town but what We wou'd have You ask & Petition 
for in your opinion is a mere matter of right & Justice not 
only for this Town but for all other Towns & places in this 
Eastern part of the Commonwealth — Every Avenue is nov/ 
shut up where the people in this Town has at all times since 
this unhappy contest been enabled to comply with every 
requisition that has been made by the General Court for 
Men & Money and We apprehend have succeeded as well as 
most Towns have done — 'tis true the requisition for filling 
up the Continental Army the last Year by some fatality were 
disapjjolnted We had a number of Men deficient alth" every 
exertion v/as made for procuring the Men We arc very certain 
it was not for want a sufficient reward being offered as the 
several deficient Clauses left it with the Men who they ap- 
ply'd to to set their own price but nothing would induce 
them to cjigage in the service at that time — the last fall of 
the Year there was a number of Men appeared willing to 
engage in llie service for three Years & the sev(!ral defi(;ient 
Classes agreed with them at their own price which upon an 
average was abont ninety pounds p"" Man but there being a 
inimber of (}nak(!rs who nvfiised to do any tiling in the mattcn- 
i^' the pcciiliiir circmnstances of some otiicr of the (Classes 
jii-('\(Mi1«''l lli(! (^^)nolii of Men fi-diii Ixn'iig got hy tlu; 20"' of 
I)(;f(!iril)('r & Stn-c^ral that were procured about that \\uu) by 
reason of the absence of the Mustier Master & Superintctid- 



452 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ant at the time of their engagements reeeits cou'd not be had 
'till after the 20"" of Dec"" which greatly retarded the busi- 
ness & We understand that bj a late resolve of the General 
Court that the Collectors are di-rected not to Discharge any 
more than £85 — 13 — 9 of the Tax committed to them to 
collect for each Man that the Superintendant shall give his 
rcceit for after the 20**" of Dec"" & if that resolve should be 
put in execution & the fines exacted from the Classes whose 
reeeits bears date after the 20'^ of Dec"" will throw them into 
such confusion & distress that We should dread the conse- 
quence as what many of them has paid & promis'd to pay 
will take almost all from them that they had to depend upon 
to support themselves & Families & a great part of the Taxes 
for the last Year remains unpaid & a new requisition is now 
made upon us for Men & Money — The scarcity of Money is 
such that if some avenue is not opened for bringing Mony 
into this & other Towns in this County it will be impossible 
for the People to pay what is already laid upon them — We 
have nothing here to raise Mony upon but Lumber & no 
Mony comes in for that & our Vessels are almost all taken by 
the Enemy for want of Vessels We can't send our lumber to 
market & none comes here to purchase — these are some of 
our peculiar difficulties the People labour under and unless 
some Avenue opens upon us We apprehend however well 
dispos'd People are in Supporting Government it will be out 
of their power to pay their Taxes & to have this additional 
fine paid there is not personal Estate in the Town sufficient 
to do it — We therefore hope you will Seperately or jointly 
with the other members of this County lay these matters 
before the General Court at the approaching session & use 
Your influence that all the Classes who have got their Men 
before this time & are march'd may be discharg'd as the 
whole of the Assesment of £128 — 9 — 6 & likewise to repre- 
sent the true state of our difficulties relating to the Scarcity 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 453 

of Mony & that the People may not be burtheneJ greater 

than they can hare T[We are S"" With Esteem Your most 

Ob':HServ' 

Joseph Fogg, Elijah Hayes Selectmen 

Jedidiah Goodwin, Wm Happen of Berwick 

Superscribed: To John Hill Esq'' Representative of the 
Town of Berwick 



Petition of Nathaniel Coffin. 

To his Excellency the Governor and the Hon' Council of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts — 
«f The Petition of Nathaniel Coffin of Falm° in the County 
of Cumberland Humbly shews, That your Petitioner's 
Brother Francis Coffin removed from said Falmouth in June 
1773 to Great Britain, from whence he followed the Sea till 
Decemb"" 1777 when he died, leaving your Petitioner and a 
Maiden Sister residing with him in Falmouth among his 
Heirs : That your Petitioner has never had an opportunity 
of any certain Intelligence what Effects his brother left, or 
what probable Mode of obtaining them with safety, till with- 
in a few Months when he was informed by an open Letter 
from M"" Robert Pagan at Penobscot, that sundry articles 
part of said Effects are transmited to him to be delivered to 
your Petitioner or order — Wherefore as your Petitioner 
humbly presumes your Excellency and Honors will not con- 
sider the receiving said Effects as injurious, but on the con- 
trary beneficial to the Commonwealth, of which your 
Petitioner is an Inhabitant, so he humbly prays your Excel- 
lency & Honors special Leave to go for the same to Penobscot 
in the small Schooner call'd the Hum-Iiird — and your Peti- 
tioner as in duty l)ouiid shall ever pray 

iVathaiiicl Coflhi 
Falmouth April 8'" 1782 



454 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petition of Sam^ and Abigail Seivall. 

To the Hon"''' the Senate and House of Representatives of 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 
Humbly shew, ^ Samuel Sewall of Marblehead in the 
County of Essex Esquire, and Abigail his wife, that your 
Petitioners are seised and possessed in right of said Abigail 
in fee of sundry Lots of land and a Proprietors Right in the 
Township of Windham in the County of Cumberland — that 
your Petitioners have no means of improving said Lots and 
are not likely to have any, and they remain totally unim- 
proved, and by reason of the heavy taxes levied upon the 
same, the Interest of your Petitioners in said Township has 
become a burden and loss to them, and from the peculiar 
circumstances of your Petitioners they cannot be relieved 
therefrom without the aid of this Hon**'® Court the said Abi- 
gail being under the age of twentyone years — Wherefore 
your Petitioners humbly pray this Hon*"'^ Court that they 
may be impowered to sell and dispose of the said Tracts of 
land and Right in the Township aforesaid either in whole or 
in part as they shall find most conducive to their mutual 
interest and advantage, the legal disability of the said Abi- 
gail notwithstanding that this hon"'^ Court would take such 
Orders thereon as to their wisdom shall seem best — and 
your petitioners as in duty bound will ever pray &c 

Sam' Sewall 
Marblehead April 9'*^ 1782. Abigail Sewall 

Memorial Inhabitants of Falmouth. 

To the Honorable Senate and the Honorable House of Repre- 
sentatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in 
General Court assembled — 
I The Inhabitants of the Town of Falmouth and the 

vicinity, who suffered by the destruction of Property which 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 455 

the Enemy made in said Town in the Year 1775, humbly ask 
your Honors attention to the subject matter of the following 
Petition 

Before the present Contest with Great Britain commenced 
most of us were in comfortable Circumstances a kind of 
Providence had blest us with good Estates and smiled upon 
our honest labours in the improvement of them — From his 
bountiful hand we were supplied with the necessaries of 
Life — Our Dwelling Places were Houses of our own — With 
the distresses of Poverty we were unacquainted and no pinch- 
ing Want alloyed our Happiness — We could pay our Taxes 
without distressing our Families and afford a part of our 
Income to Supply the wants of the poor and needy — But 
the wanton cruelty of our Enemies has interrupted us in 
these Enjoyments and reversed the happy condition we were 
in — T[ Our Houses have been burnt — Our Vessels & other 
property have been destroyed by the Flames which they 
enkindled — In one day were we reduced from a flourishing 
situation and made the subjects of Distress. Deprived of 
our usual places of abode and reduced to want by the dc^ 
struction of our Effects we were forced to flee for Shelter 
and Belief to places in the Country where we found it diffi- 
cult extremely difficult to procure subsistence — But by the 
Care of Providence and the assistance of our Friends we 
were relieved from our first Distresses, and with persevering 
patience have been carried through those which followed, to 
this day ; and we have not only for near seven years struggled 
through the hard fortune we were brought to, and with 
peculiar difficulty provided for ourselves and families but 
being zealously inclined to afford our Country all the Aid 
wo could, to maintain our invaded Rights and Liberties, and 
buoyed up with the hopes of seeing them established upon a 
fixed and permanent Basis wo have cheerfully complied to 
the extent of our Abilities witli all llio Kofjuisitioiis made 



456 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

upon US to support the War — | But may it please your 
Honours, our unhappy situation at length impels us to ask 
relief — Although the Flames of 1775 spread Devastation 
through the Town, they did not bring upon us all the Evils 
we now experience — There were some whose property 
escaped their Rage, and this property was employed soon 
after in building and equipping Privateers to cruise against 
the Enemy — But as misfortunes seldom come alone, these 
vessels were taken by the Enemy, and our hopes of better 
fortune were disappointed — We have now belonging to this 
Town but three quarters of one ship half a Brig, three or four 
Small Coasting Vessels, and a few fishing Boats — although 
at the beginning of the War we had forty Sail of Vessels in 
the West India & other foreign Trade — ^ We do not repent 
of our exertions in the Public Cause, but from the great 
proportion of Men we have furnished the Army with. For 
our owra Quota and that of other Towns, as well as the great 
number of Seamen which have gone from us whereby our 
numbers have been exceedingly diminished, our Burthens 
have become extremely heavy — The number of our Widows 
in consequence thereof, is very greatly increased — Our Poor 
are multiplied among us — and Poverty itself seems to be 
coming upon us like an armed Man — T[ As the Sea Ports 
are the Barriers of the Country, it is not to be wondered at, 
that (excepting some Places which have been successful in 
Privateering) they should sufi^er more than other towns in 
the Attacks and Depredations of the Enemy — We in this 
town have really suffered much. Our Trade is lost — Our 
Navigation and Fishery on which we principally depended 
for support, have in a manner come to nothing — From our 
exposed situation our little Business is often interrupted by 
Alarms of the Enemy's Approach — and by being frequently 
obliged to remove our effects are continually harrassed and 
put to great expence. 1 Their Cruisers are almost daily 



OF THE STATE OF :MAIXE 457 

infesting onr Coasts and scarce a fishing Boat goes out that 
is not taken and carried to Baggaduce — ^ Driven from 
onr former Habitations and obliged to hire phices of abode — 
Thrown out of the Business by which we used to be main- 
tained — Depressed with losses after Losses - — and distressed 
in the manner we have before related — we flatter ourselves 
your Honors will consider us as Objects worthy of favour & 
Attention — 

Indeed we wish only to stand upon an equal footing with 
our Brethren at large. — Borae down with sufferings we ask 
their helping liand to raise us up — ^ We therefore humbly 
pray that your Honors will take our Case into your serious 
consideration, and for relief, grant us in such way and man- 
ner as to your Honors shall seem just and reasonable — a 
Compensation of the Losses we sustained in 1775, an Ac- 
count whereof we suppose will be immediately laid before 
your Honors by the Selectmen of the Town — ^ Then will 
our Spirits be revived — our Hearts invigorated — and our 
Hands encouraged still to aid our Country in its important 
Struggles — and to pursue with Industry and Resolution the 
Work they find to do — But if your Honors should not 
judge it proper or expedient fully to comply with this request, 
we pray that we may have assurance that it shall be done 
when the Blessings of Peace shall crown our united Efforts — 
and that so much may at present be afforded us as will bo 
sufficient to discharge the Public Taxes that may be laid 
upon us until such compensation be obtained — ^[ And your 
i'etitioners as in Duty bound will ever pray — in the name 
and in behalf of the Sufferers 

Joseph ISToyes \ 

Jno Fox / 

G Warren i Committee 

John Thrasher i 

Moses Plujner ) 
Falm" 10^" April 1782. 



458 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Action on Petition Town of Falmouth. 

The Committee on the Petition of the Town of Falmouth 
setting forth their great losses hy reason of said town being 
burnt by the Enemy in the year 1775 & other losses as set 
forth in said petition ^ Your Committee considering the 
present situation of this Commonwealth, & supposing that at 
some future time said losses will be considered with other 
towns in similar circumstances, they therefore report that 
said petition may lay on the files of this House — 



Petition Selectmen of Wells. 

To the Hon^'^ Senate & House of Representatives of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts in general Court as- 
sembled the 10^'' day of April 1782. 
% The Petition of the Select Men of Wells humbly shews 
in Behalf of said Town that they have exerted themselves 
with the greatest Diligence & Activity for the purpose of pro- 
curing the Quota of Soldiers assigned them by the Resolve 
of Court of the 2*^ day of December 1780 to serve in the 
Continental Army three years or during the War but were 
unable to procure them within the Time limited by the Re- 
solves of Court They furnished & sent forward to the Army 
Twenty one Soldiers being Three Quarters of their Propor- 
tion before the Tenth day of June last at which Time paper 
Money the only Currency amongst them failed, after which 
they were absolutely unable to procure & send forward to the 
Army any Soldiers till after the 20'*' day of December last 
the various Persons offered their Service on Condition of the 
immediate payment of One Hundred Hard Dollars with 
security for the Residue of the Bounty But it was impossible 
to procure that Sum. Hov/ever happily towards the Spring 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 459 

a iSTiimLer of Persons inclining to Enter the Service & 
despairing of Receiving such large Sums of Money paid 
down inunediately, consented to Engage on Condition of the 
immediate Payment of one Eourth part of the Sum demanded 
in the Fall in Cash & the Value of the Residue in other 
Articles in Consequence of which for Bounties Seventy Five 
Pounds to Ninety Three Pounds lawful money which on an 
Average was about one Third part higher than w-as given in 
said Town in the year 1781 the Residue of the Quota of said 
Soldiers have been procured & sent forward to the Army, 
that the Lands in said Town Situated on the Sea Coast are 
generally very poor & barren do not produce either Corn or 
Meat for Exportation nor even a Sufficiency for themselves 
the only Articles on which they depend for raising ]\roney 
for payment of Taxes & other purposes are Fish & Lumber 
but principally Lumber which by Reason of the Capture of 
so many of Merchant Vessels belonging to Boston Salem 
Xewbury Port & other trading Towns they have not in gen- 
eral since the Failure of Paper Money been able to Vend for 
cash, add to this the Ditficulty of procuring Coasters for the 
purpose of Transporting their Lumber to Market & the many 
Losses they from Time to Time sustain by means of the 
British Privateers who constantly infest their Coasts they 
are Reduced to the most distressing Circumstances They are 
sorry to say but are obliged to confess that Execution now lie 
against said Town for a considerable part of their hard Money 
Tax assessed in the year 1780 which they are unable to pay 
for Want of Money for the purpose that they owe more than 
Three Quarters of the Taxes of the Commonwealth assessed 
on them in the year 1781 & about Eighteen Thousand Weight 
of Beaf for wliidi tlioy collected the INfoney last Spring & 
sent to the Agent Ijut it was Refused being a few days too 
late They will be obliged to remain in JJcbt to Government 
unless Coasters can be procured for the Transportation of 



460 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

their Lumber to Market & their Coasts better protected 
Wherefore they pray that their unhappy Case & Circum- 
stances may be taken into the serious Consideration of the 
Legislature that a total Exemtion from all Penalties & For- 
feitures which they have incurred for not procuring said 
Soldiers sooner may be granted them & that the Treasurer 
of this Commonwealth may be directed to Recall his Execu- 
tions for the same Penalties & that such other Relief may 
be granted to said Town as the Court in their great Wisdom 
& Compassion may Judge their Circumstances to require & 
your Petitioner as in Duty bound will ever pray &c 

BavakManell \ g^^,^^ j^,^ 

Joshua Bragdon ^^ ^^j^^ 

Stephen Larvalege / 



Memorial Lt. Col. Ezra Badlam. 

Boston April 10, 1782 
To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives of 

the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General Court 

Assembled 
T[ The Memorial of Lieut Col Ezra Badlam of the 8*'' Reg* 
Humbly Sheweth ^f That your Memorialist having been 
appointed by the Honorable Secretary at War together with 
one Commissioned Officer as an Assistant to muster and re- 
ceive the Recruits delivered at the Post of Boston begs leave 
to apply for such help & direction from your Honours as the 
Importance of his Trust and the public Good requires — 
and humbly to represent to the General Court what aid and 
assistance may be necessary to enable Your Memorialist to 
discharge his duty with that Energy & Spirit in which the 
service, and the public Good of this State are so particularly 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 461 

Interested — ^[ Whereas in your Honor's resolve of the 1^' 
of March last is appointed four places of Rendezvous at 
which the Continental Muster Master shall reside Your 
Memorialist prays your Honours to direct which of those 
Counties Quotas are to be mustered and received at Boston, 
and at the other places respectively — 

Whereas it is much to be lamented that Desertions has too 
frequently prevailed in the Course of last Campaign, the 
want of convenient Quarters for the Troops your ]\Iemorial- 
ist thinks may have been of one Cause (amongst many 
others) of the Defection — The Barracks being in a ruinous 
situation for want of repair — and as your Memorialist is 
desirous to Establish Guards and proper Discipline to pre- 
vent the Troops from scattering after they are delivered and 
untill they can be properly conducted to Head Quarters, 
Your Memorialist entreats your Honours to make provision 
that the Barracks may be put into proper repair 

T[ And as pecuniary Rewards may be necessary for the 
more speedy apprehending Recruits who have deserted the 
Duty they owe to their respective Towns and the public at 
large, prays your Honours to make some additional Clause 
to the Resolve passed by the Honorable Court offering a Re- 
ward for apprehending Deserters from the Continental! 
Army, as it appears that the l^ill refers only to such who 
have actually joined a Regiment — belonging to the Massa- 
chusetts Line, who have since left their Corps. — And that 
the Honorable House will 1)0 pleased to direct one of the 
Printers for this Commonwealth to print such blank Returns 
and to puljlish such Advertisements as may be necessary in 
the prosecution of your Memorialist's duty — ^f Your 
Memorialist ever attentive to th(; jjiiblic (lood is at llic same 
time conscious that the prosecution of his business will be 
attended with some Additional! Expcnce more perhaps that 
your Memorialist wou'd incur on any other stationary duty 



462 DOCUMENTARY IIISTOKY 

— Your Memorialist having been obliged to be answerable 
for Quarters and an Office for him and his Assistant — There- 
fore prays the Honorable house to make some reasonable al- 
lowance to your Memorialist for the same as to the Wisdom 
of your Honours shall seem meet — 

And Whereas it is necessary that the Recruits Enlisted in 
Consequence of your Honour's resolve shou'd take the Oaths 
of Fidelity and x\llegiance to the states — And your Memori- 
alist having not received any directions to administer such 
Oaths, prays the honorable house to give such directions in 
the Premisses as to Your Honours shall seem proper — 
^1 And as in duty bound Your Memorialist will ever pray — 

Ezra Badlam 



Petition James Avery. 

To The Hon'ble Senate & House of Eepresentatives of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 
The Petition of James Avery '1 Humbly Sheweth ^i That 
your Petitioner was appointed a Lieutenant in Colo Allans 
Corps Stationed in the Eastern parts of this Commonwealth 
in the Year 1777 in the Service of the United States & on 
the same Establishment as other Continental Troops — the 
Hon'ble Court in N^ovember, 80. Directed the Committee for 
Settling with the Army, to settle with the officers of Colo 
Allans Corps in the same manner as the other Officers in 
the Continental Service, said Committee Accordingly settled 
with your Petitioner up to the 31^* December 1779 — after 
which your petitioner Drew his Cloathing as other Officers 
Did, and Received on ace* of his pay £8 New Emission p"" 
Month the greatest part at the rate of one Dollar in Specia 
for four of the New Emission — your petitioner has made 



OF THE STATE OF .MAIXE 463 

Application to the Committee for settling with the Army, 
to settle for the Cloathing he has received as well as his Pay, 
but said Committee thinks they are not Authorized to do 
it — Therefore your petitioner Humbly Prays your Honors 
wou'd be pleased to Direct the said Committee to settle with 
him up to the Time he left the Service in the same manner 
as other Officers in the Service are — and your petitioner 

as in Duty bound will ever pray — 

Ja^ Avery 
Boston April 10 1782 



Memorial Edw Grow in Behalf Joseph Trafton. 

Common Welth of Massachusetts 

Apr' 15'^ 1782 

To the Hon'''^ Senate and House of Representatives 

the Memorall of Edw: Grow in behalf of Joseph Trafton 
of York praying that he the said Trafton may be Indulged 
with a Flagg to Proceed to Passamaquody and Bring to York 
a Daughter by the name of Trafton a Widdow with Six or 
Seven small Children in Distress^ Circumstances at the above 
Traftons one Cost and in Behaf of s'' Trafton — your memori- 
alist shall ever &c &c 

Edw** Grow 



Resolve on Foregoing. 

( '(iiiiiiioiiwc^alth of Miissacliusetts — 

111 the House of Uej)resentatives April 1782 
on the -Memorial of (,V>]" Edward Grow in behalf of Joseph 
Trafton praying that said Trafton miglit be indulged with a 
Flagg to proceed to Passamaquody to Bring away his Daugli- 



4G4 DOCUMEXTARY IIISTOKY 

ter that is a widow and Six or Seven Small children who are 
in Distress*^ Circumstances ^ Resolved that the prayer of 
the petition be so far granted as that Joseph Trafton be and 
he is hereby permitted to provide a Flagg at his owne Ex- 
pence and proceed to Passamaquody and fetch away his 
Daughter and her Children and that the said Trafton have 
permission to carry such JSTecessary Stores for the Crew in 
Said Vessel as the Selectmen of the town of York may judg 
Expedient ^ and it is further Resolved that Said Vessel 
wdth her effects have permission of this Court to proceed to 
said Passamaquody free from any molestation. 



Petition Town of Falmouth. 

To the Honourable the Senate and house of Representatives 
of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General Court 
assembled, 
Tf The Petition of the inhabitants of the Town of Falmouth, 
humbly sheweth, that your petitioners having laboured under 
extreme difficulty & hardships ever since the destruction 
made among them by the enemy in the year 1775 are by 
increasing distresses at length constrained to sue for some 
relief. We have exerted our selves to comply with every 
requisition and demand of Government to raise men for the 
Continental Army. In the year 1777, instead of one seventh 
part of the inhabitants as required of us by the then General 
Court and which amounted to 103 men, the To^^^l raised 
their full proportion on their own account, & furnished 45 
more for the public service, which amounted to 148 in the 
whole. In the year 1778, wishing to exert our selves to the 
utmost, to put a speedy end to the war they sent into the 
army fifty volunteers ; and ever since have not only strained 



OF THIC STATE OF MAINE 465 

every nerve to comply with the several demands of Govern- 
ment, but have also furnished men for their own defence in 
addition to what has been required of them to reinforce the 
Continental Army ; this your honours are sensible has been 
attended with an expense greatly distressing to your peti- 
tioners in their present circumstances, which, instead of 
growing easier, are continually becoming more unhappy. 
iSTavigation & fishery were the principal means of our sup- 
port before the war — of these means we are now deprived. 
Of forty odd sail of vessels employed in foreign trade, not 
one remains, others built by our strenuous exertions to re- 
place them, are also gone, and we have now remaining — 
only three quarters of a small Ship, & one half of a Brigan- 
tine; of vessels concerned in fishery we have only a few 
small boats remaining, and even those few rendered almost 
useless by reason of the enemy who are constantly cruising in 
this bay. Your petitioners have also been obliged to furnish 
a guard for the public magazine on this neck ever since the 
last fall, & still furnish it: and this adds further to our dis- 
tresses — Your petitioners therefore pray the honourable 
Court to take their distressed situation into their wise con- 
sid(;ration, & remit to them the seven men apportioned on 
til is Town as their quota of fifteen hundred men to be raised 
in this Commonwealth, for the army of the United States. 
And your petitioners as in duty bound shall ever pray. — 
Falm' April m'" 1782 

Fn the name & by order of the Town, in Town meeting this 
day assembled ; 

Daniel Dole 

-lohn Frothingliain, 

Daniel Tlsley ) Committee 

Benj Titcomb 

John Waite 



80 



466 DOCCMEXTARY HISTOKY 

Resolve in Favor Town of Falmouth. 

Commonwealth of ]\Iassachusetts 

H° of Representatives June 1782 
On the petition of the Town of Falmouth setting forth 
their distressed situation and praying that the seven men 
apportioned on them as their Quota of the fifteen hundred 
men ; Ordered to he raised in this Commonwealth, by a Re- 
solve of this Court of the 1^' March last. T[ Resolved that 
the prayers of the petition be so far granted that if said 
Town of Falmouth comply with said Resolve of the first of 
March last. Then the Treasurer of this Commonwealth be, 
(S: he hereby is directed to Credit said Town of Falmouth out 
of the next tax that shall be issued from this Court the full 
sum that five men ammount to at the average price of said 
men. 



Petition of John Hill for Town of Berwich. 

To the Hon'"'' Senate and House of Representatives of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts in Generall Court as- 
sembled this 15"^ day of April 1782 
The Petition of John Hill in Behalf of the Selectmen of 
the town of Berwick in the County of York Humbly Shews 
that the said town and the several Classes therein have exerted 
themselves to their utmost for the purpose of procuring the 
Continentell Soldiers assigned them by the Resolve of Court 
of the 2°*^ day of December 1780 but were so unfortunate 
as to be unable to procure them within the time Limited by 
the Resolves of Court which Deficiency arose in a consider- 
able degree from the Scarcity of hard money the only Cur- 
rency of the Common wealth Since last September How- 
ever in the month of January last and Since that time the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 467 

Said town has procured the full Quota assigned said town 
by Said Resolves for Bounties of ninety pounds and upwards 
except one Class Consisting Intirely of Quaquers who have 
not procured a Soldier which will appear By the Return of 
the Superintendant of Said County and Rects given by CoP 
Crane and maj'" Pettingill Continentell officers for Re- 
ceiving the Recruits that Said town are generally in arrears 
in Regard to taxes for w\int of mony to pay them and are 
in the most distressing Circumstances for want of a Circu- 
lating Currency amoung them and Labour under many other 
hardships and Inconveniences unless prevented by the In- 
terposition of the Grace and Compassion of the Legislatives 
as will appear l)v a Representation from the Selectmen 
of said town herewith to be presented Wherefore your peti- 
tioner Intreats that the Case and Circumstances of Said 
towm may be Duly attended to by the General Court and 
that ane Exemtion from all Penalties which they may have 
incurred for not procuring their Soldiers except the Quaker 
Case aforesaid may be granted to them with Such other Re- 
lief as the Court may think their Circumstances Require and 
your Petitioner as in Duty bound will ever pray 

John Hill. 



Memorial of Rohcri Foslrr. 

'I\) the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives of 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 
•' Gentlemen — The Memorial of Robert Foster Most 
Ilmnbly Slicwotli ^j That your memorialist about six years 
past by It(!ason of his Alliiclmiciit to the American Interest 
\' the Imposition of the Tyrannical Government of Nova 
S(;otia was ol)ligC(l to leave his Family & property in that 
provence traviling through the Wilderness to take shelter in 



4G8 DOCUMEKTAPtY HISTOKY 

the United States & hath had the Honour of Being in the 
service of the States upwards of Four Years, part of the time 
as Quartermaster for the Troops at Machias and part of the 
time as assistant to the Deputy Q"" Master Gen' and for upwards 
of two years past your memorialist has not Received any pay 
or subsistance money nor any Money to procure tlie least 
supply for the Department and finding it absolutely necessary 
for the good of the publick he advanced to a considerable 
Amount and Rendered his Account to Deputy Q"" Master 
General and Applyed for payment, but has not been able to 
get any as yet — And as your Memorialist hath a large 
Family to Support which he hath of late Removed from Nova 
Scotia to Machias, after being strip'd of what property they 
had in that provence, and at present are allmost Destitute of 
the Necessarys of Life — Your Memorialist begs leave 
further to observe that in the year Seventy Eight he was 
directed by Col Allen to come to this place to settle some 
publick Accounts, and during his absence from Machias did 
not Receive any Rations or Subsistance as will appear by 
the Commissarys Certificate here with, and the scarcity of 
provision at Machias hath prevented his Receiving it since; 
Therefore your memorialist prays your honours will be 
pleased to permitt him to Receive his two Rations during 
that time, and likewise the two Rations formaly allowed to 
persons in his Station in the Quartermaster Generals De- 
partment in lue of the Subsistance Money since Allowed 
them, which cannot at present be obtained, which provision 
he is desireous of shipping for the Releaf of his Family — 
which may be some support to them, untill some way may be 
provided for the payment of his Accountts or grant him sucli 
Other Releaf as your Honours in your wisdom may think 
fit — your Memorialist as in duty bound Shall ever pray 

Robert Foster 
Boston 15'" April 1782 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 469 

Petition of Daniel Lane. 

To the Honor'^ the Senate and House of Representatives in 
General Court Assembled this IG''' of April A. D. 1782 
The Petition of Daniel Lane of Buxton in the County of 
York Late Commander of A Company in the Continental 
Army Humbly Sheweth. That Your Petitioner Being De- 
sirous To Serve his Country in the Late Glorious Strugle 
for Liberty Did Enter in to its Sei^vice and did Inlist A 
Company of men to Serve in Said Service and in Venturing 
my Life almost on a forlorn Hope was Taken Prisoner and 
being in the Hands of the Salvages was Striped of all my 
Clothes and Effects and remained in that State Almost Two 
Years in Which Time the hardships I underwent Destroyed 
my health which occasioned me a Large Bill of Cost to Pbisi- 
cians all which your Petitioner has paid out of his own 
money as well as been hitherto kept out off the most part of 
his Wages During Said Term which cannot but be Injurious 
to your Petitioner and his Suffering Family and must render 
them very unhappy unless your Honors in your great Wisdom 
and Goodness Shall Devise A Way for our Relief which 
your Petitioner as in Duty Bound Will Ever Pray — 

Daniel Lane 

Resolve to Levy in County of YorJc. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In House of Representatives the IG"" day of April 1782 
Whereas it appears from an Estimate of the Justices of 
the Court of General Sessions of the Peace for the County 
of York, that the Sum of 'i'wo Hundred Pounds will be 
necessary for defraying the Charges of said County for one 
year next ensuing ^ 1'herefore Resolved that there Ijo & 
hereby is granted a Tax of Two Hundred Pounds to be 



470 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

apportioned & assessed on the Inhabitants of said County & 
Estates laying within the same & Collected paid & applied for 
the Use of said County accordingly to the Laws of the Com- 
monwealth. Sent up for concurrence 

]S[athaniel Gorham Speaker 
In Senate April 16 1782 

Eead & Concurred S Adams Presid*^ 

Approv'd John Hancock 

Report Committee to Estimate Expense County Yorh. 

The Committee Appoint by the Justices of the Court of 
General Sessions of the Peace for the County of York to 
make an Estimate of the Expence of Said County for One 
Year to commence at July 1782, have attended that Service 
and ask leave to Report the following — 

Dominicus Goodwin p"" order 
York April 9'^ 1782 

Hon^'^ Justices of Said Court for their Attend- 
ance at said Court at the several Sessions £ 30 — — 
The Grand jurors for Travil & attendance 45 — — 

The Petit Jurors for Travil 15 — — 

The Sheriff for keeping the Goal Distributing 

Proclamations, Tax acts Warrents &c 15 — — 

Repairing for the County Goal & County house 20 — — 
The Amount of Sums which may Probably be 

paid to Coroners 15 — — 

The Sums which will be necessary to make up the 
Deficiency arising from the Failure of paper 
Money & Paying for Laying out Highways 
& other Contingent Charges 60 — — 

The Amount of Sums which may Probably be 

paid in cases of Acquittal &c 30 — — 

£230 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 471 

An acct of Sums which may probably come into 
the Treasury exclusive of the County Tax 
By Licenses, Inholders &c £ 24 — — 

Kv fines Probably 6 — — 



£ 30 

York ss at a Court of General Sessions of the peace begun 

and held at York within and for said County of York Upon 

the Second Tuesday of April Anno Domini 1782 Read and 

Approved and Order to be Transmitted to the General Court 

of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts as the Law directs — 

Tim" Frost Cler 
Copy Exam'' p 

To the General Court of the Commonwealth of ^fassachusetts 

Certificate Tlios Chase in Favor Roh^ Foster. 

Braintree April 16, 1782 
This Certifies Whom it may Concern, that the Gen: Court 
of this Common Wealth, Ordered me to Appoint an ast. D. 
Q. M. G. at Machias the 5 day of May 1780, I accordingly 
Appointed Rob' Foster Esq. to that department the 5'** of 
the same month May 1780, who was continued in Office un- 
till the last Jan'' 1781, dureing which time I have not paid 
him any pay nor subsistance — which according to a Resolve 
of Congress of the 7 May 1777, is the Rank, pay and Sub- 
sistance of a Captain in the Continental Army — 

Thos Chase late D Q M G 
P. S. the Accounts of his disburstments for the depart- 
ment, was paid out of his own pocket, and all which he could 
ol)faiii from me, was Continental Certificates, which he has 
been Oljliged to take Consolodted States Xotes for 

Thos Chase late T) Q. M. G. 
N. 1>. his disburstments had nothing to d(; with his 
wages and subsistance. 



472 COCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petition of Jedidiah Preble. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

Boston April 19 — 1782 
To the Honorable Sennet & House of Representatives, in 
general Court assembled. 
T[ The petition of Jedidiah Preble, in behalf of the Town 
of Falmouth, Humbly sheweth, that the Town of Falmouth 
are at Present in a very defenceless Cituation, the Forts and 
Magazine, are exposed to the Ravages of the Enemy, there is 
not A Man in the Pay of the Commonwealth in that Town, 
nor is there any guard at any of the Forts or Magazine, 
except what the Town furnishes. 1 Therefore your Peti- 
tioner Prays, your Hon" to take the Distressed Circum- 
stances of Said Town, into your wise Consideration & make 
such Provition for the defence of that Town as you in your 
wisdom shall see needfull & your Petition as in Duty Bound 

Shall Pray 

Jedidiah Preble 

Action on Foregoing. 

In Senate April 19''' 1782 

I Read & thereupon Orderd that Joseph Dorr & Israel 

aSTichols Esq"" with such as the Hon^'® House Shall join be a 

Committee to take this Petition into consideration & make 

report what is proper to be done thereon 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid* 

Court General Session to Jedidiah Preble. 

At a Court of General Sessions of the Peace for the County 
of Cumberland, begun & held at Falmouth for said County 
on the last Tuesday of March A. D. 1782— ^ The Court 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 473 

requests the Honorable Jedidiab Preble Esq. to apply to tbe 
General Court to pass an Act for establisbiug an Inferior 
Court of Common Pleas and Court of General Sessions of tbe 
Peace for tbis County to be bolden at Falmoutb witbin said 
County on tbe last Tuesday of May annually, tbe first Term 
of said Courts to be on tbe last Tuesday of May next- — and 
to bave tbe Act for bolding sucb Courts on tbe last Tuesday 
of ALarcb annually repeated — 

Att Sam' Freeman Clerk 

In Senate April IG^'^ 1782 

Read & tbereupon Order'd tbat tbe Hon"'" Jed*" Preble 
Esq"" bave leave to bring in a Bill accordingly 



Resolve in Favor County of York. 

Commonvvealtb of Massacbusetts 

In tbe House of Representatives April 19**^ 1782 
Wbereas it appears by ^ a Representation from tbe Repre- 
sentatives from tbe County of York tbat ^ County bave raised 
nearly tbe wbole Number of Men assigned tbem by a resolve 
of tbis Court of December 2^ 1780, but tbat part of tbem 
were not procured untill after tbe 20"" day of December 
last, and wbereas it also Appears ^ tbat tbe delay in not 
raising a part of tbeir Men until after tbe said 20''' day of 
December; did not Arise from any Wilfull or Careless 
neglect, ° but from tbe peculiar difficulties tbat County is 
under for want of Money as tbeir Only Resours was fisb 
and Lumber: whicb is now almost intirely Obstructed ^ 
•[ Tberefore Resolved tbat tbose Classes in tbe County of 
York wlio bave procured tbeir Men seuce tbe 20"" day of 
Doccmher last, Sball not be liable to any fine for not raising 
tbem before tbat time, and tbe Treasurer is bereby Directed 
to stay his Execution and if any is Issued to recall sucb Exe- 



474 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

cution against any Constable or Collector in said County to 
whome any Assessment has been Committed in consequence 
of a deficiency of not raising said men on the said 20''' day 
of December last, in all Instances where it shall Appear by 
a Receipt from the Superintendent that a good and Effective 
Man has ben procured any Resolve to the Contrary notwith- 
standing. 

Sent up for concurrence 

Natli Gorham Speaker 
In Senate April 19 1782 

Read & Concurred with Amendments at A C & D 
Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid* 
at A dele from A to B & insert the Returns of the Superin- 
tendent of the County of York that the said ^ at C insert 
to this Court ^ at D Dele from D to E «Si insert, Circum- 
stances to which the said County has been reduced by the 
Capture of their Vessels & the Loss of their fish & Lumber 
Trade 
In the House of Representatives April 20'*^ 1782 

Read and concurred 
n^^ Nath Gorham Speaker 

• Approv'd John Hancock 



Resolve Requesting Colonel Badlam to Muster Troops Into 

Service. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives April 19*'' 1782 
Whereas by a resolve of the General Court of 1" March last 
four places of Rendezvous were appointed for the 1500 men 
recruits for our quota of the Continental army but no officers 
appointed at the respective posts to muster said men 



OF THE STATE OF MAI^■E 475 

Resolved that Col Badlam be requested to appoint three 
deputy Muster Masters from amongst the officers of the Con- 
tinental army, viz. one to reside at Springfield, one at Wor- 
cester & one at Wells in the County of York for the con- 
\enience of those Classes fc*^ who may not chuse to come to 
his post at Boston to be mustered — and the respective Towns 
& Classes are hereby authorized & permitted to repair with 
their men to such post as is most convenient & the rects of 
such deputies shall discharge the Classes &c as fully as if 
mustered at Boston ; and Col° Badlam is also requested to 
empower his deputies to certify upon application the Towns 
that may have furnished their quotas, in order that any 
deficient Class &c may have opp^ of inlisting from the Town 
that may have compleated its own quota ; and ^ the contractor 
for the Continental Army is requested to supply the several 
posts with sufficient rations upon Continental ace' for said 
recruits. — ^ And it is farther resolved that the Selectmen 
of Wells & Worcester be & hereby are empowered & directed 
to provide proper barracks for the reception of Twenty re- 
cruits each & lay their acc'^ before the General Court. 
1 And whereas the Barracks at Springfield are adequate to 
the reception of such recruits as may be mustered in that 
(juarter Ijut no provision is made for those immediately to be 
mustered at Boston by Col Badlam It is farther resolved that 
part of the Barracks at Castle William be & hereby are as- 
signed for that purpose, & His Excellency the Governor is 
liereby requested to give Orders for their reception & accom- 
modation therein as also for the necessary means of trans- 
jjortation for said recruits & their provisions ^| And it is 
farther resolved that Col I^adlam be requested to administer 
the oath of allegiance to such recruits as he shall personally 
muster & also to direct his deputies to make applications to 
some magistrate in their vicinity to administer in like manner 
said oath of allegiance to such recruits as they shall muster 



476 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

T[ and it is farther resolved that Col Badlam be provided 
with a suitable office, & the Selectmen of the Towns where 
his deputies may reside (except Springfield where are public 
ofiices proper for the purpose) are directed to supply them 
with proper offices at the expence of this State ^ and it 
is also resolved that M"" John Gill be requested to supply Col 
Badlam with the necessary blanks for himself & deputies, & 
print the necessary advertisements, & exhibit his acct to the 
General Court — 

And whereas the resolve of 1^' March last makes provision 
that if one or more persons in any Class or Classes shall pro- 
cure a man or men such person shall have remedy against 
delinquents in their respective Classes until 10'*' day of April 
& no longer, But it may so happen that a person or persons 
may produce a man or men for their respective Classes be- 
fore the return of Execution altho after the said 10''' day of 
April — Tf It is farther resolved that any persons so hiring 
their man & haveing them mustered according to law previous 
to the return of execution, he or they shall have like remedy to 
all intents & purposes against delinquents in their respective 
classes, as is provided in Case of delinquency before the said 
10"' day of April, any law or resolve to the contrary not- 
withstanding 

Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 

In Senate April 24''' 1782 

Read & Concurred as taken into a New Draft 
Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 

In the House of Representatives April 26, 1782 
Read & concurred with amendments at A B C D 
Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 



OF THE STATE OF ^lAINE 4^7 

At A Dele "first" & insert, ''tenth" 

At B dele "fifth" and insert fifteenth 

at C dele "tenth Day of May" and insert, "first Day of 
June. 

at D dele, "twenty fifth Day of May" & insert, Sixteenth 
Day of June. 
In Senate April 26*'' 1782 
Read & concurred 

S Adams Preaid' 
Approved John Hancock 



Resolve That Gen' Glover Appoint Muster Masters. 

Whereas by a Resolve of this Court of the 7*" of March, 
the towns of Boston Worcester Springfield & Wells were 
designated as the places of rendezvous at which the Con- 
tinental Muster Master should reside, to receive the men 
v.hich by said Resolve were order'd to be raised for the Con- 
tinental Army, pursuant to a Resolution of Congress of the 
18'*' of Dec"" last, and it is represented to this Court that only 
one such Muster Master has yet been appointed who is di- 
rected to reside at Boston ; And Whereas it is absolutely 
necessary that the other appointments be immediately made, 
— Resolved that it be recommended to General Glover to 
immediately appoint a judicious faithful Officer to reside at 
each of the towns of Worcester Springfield & Wells to muster 
the recruits which shall be sent to those towns respectively, & 
to perform the duties which by the aforesaid Resolution of 
Congress of the 18'*' of December are required of such Offi- 
cers ; and to give the earliest notice of such appointments to 
his Excellency the Governor, who is hereby requested im- 
mcfiiatcly thereupon to give information to the Commander 
in chief of the muster masters who are acting in this Com- 



478 I>OCUMENTARY HISTORY 

monwealth, of the manner of their appointment, & the reason 
therefore, with a Request that such appointment may as soon 
as possible be approved or superseeded as he shall judge best. 



Resolve Relating to Muster Masters. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives April 10 17S2 
Resolved further, That the Selectmen of the Towns of 
Worcester & Wells procure sufficient Provisions and quarters 
(if not otherwise provided) for such men as shall be received 
in their respective Towns by the Muster-Masters aforesaid, 
and exhibit their Accounts of the Charges arising therefor 
with proper Vouchers, to the General Court, in order for al- 
lowance — And that his Excellency the Governor be requested 
to give orders that the men mustered at Boston may be trans- 
ported & received into the Barracks at Castle William — 
^ Resolved further, that the oath of iVllegiance be admin- 
istered to each Recruit, by the respective Muster Masters 
aforesaid who are hereby impowered to administer the same, 
or by some Magistrate in the vicinity of the place of 
Rendezvous, where such Recruit shall be mustered. \ Where- 
as on account of delay in the appointment of Muster Masters 
as aforementioned, it is requisite that the time, allowed by 
the Resolutions aforesaid for procuring the men, should be 
prolonged: Therefore T[ Resolved, That the time for pro- 
curing men agreeable to the Resolutions aforesaid be, and 
hereby is, lengthened and prolonged to the first ^ day of May 
next; after the expiration of which time, every Class, which 
shall have neglected to procure and deliver a man to the Mus- 
ter Master to serve for the term of three years, or during 
the War, shall be subjected to the same penalty and proceeded 
with in the same manner, as Classes, which were deficient 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 479 

after the tenth day of April would have been subjected to ; 
and proceeded with, in case this Resolution had not passed. 
Provided, that the time for making Returns into the Secre- 
tary's office, of deficient Classes shall be extended to the fifth 
^ day of May next — the time for committing the assessments 
upon deficient Classes to the Collectors shall be extended to 
the tenth ^ day of May next and the time for issuing Execu- 
tions against delinquent Collectors shall be extended to the 
twenty ° fifth day of May next — And it is further Resolved 
That any Person or Persons who shall procure their men and 
liave them mustered previous to the Return of Execution, 
he or they shall have like Remedy against Delinquents in 
their respective Classes to all Intents & Purposes, as is pro- 
vided in the said Resolve of the 7"' of March last in case of 
Delinquency before the 10"' day of April Instant 



Selectmen of CoxhaJl to General Court. 

Coxhall Aprill y" 20"' 17S2 
to the Honourable Grate and general Court for the Com- 
monwealth of the Massachusetts 
these few Lines Comes to your Honours to inform you of 
a few of y" many Difficulties this 'I'owu knboui-s under V^ 
it is New and the People Very Pore 2'"' I'rovidcnice by tlic 
Drouth Cut ofl' our Oops of Corn and Grain so that the more 
tlien one half of the People are out of Corn and the others 
all most out So that we Cannot help one another and nothing 
liut money will Piirchis Corn iil)i'o(l and None we (\in git 
for kiiinlici- will Xof fctcli iiKnicy at Present and we arc all- 
mosl Kcady l(j Ci-v oul undci- llic burden of our taxes an tlu^ 
Cliildren of Israel did in l^'uv])! wIumi they were R(M|uired lo 
make; Ilrick witjiout Stniw ifyoui- Honours oi- tlu; li'(>asury 
can make Any liii-ne (d" surh l>ninl»ei- ns we (^iii git vvhi(!li is 



4-80 DOCUJIENTARY HISTORY 

Cheeftly white Oak Reft Lumber and take it for our taxes 

we are willing to Pay them and otherwise we beg the favour 

of Execution being Staved till such times as Luml)er will 

fetch money that we may pay them for v/e cannot find that 

there is money enough in y® town to pay y^ Charge for one 

Execution if it Comes to no more at Present we ly at your 

masey under y^ Protection of y^ Grate Creation of all things 

in behalf of the town of Coxhall we Remain your Humble 

Servant — 

Joshua Ricker j 

James Lord / Selectmen 

Ezra Kimliall 



INDEX 



Acadians, the, 356. 

Adams, Capt. , 90. 

Jedidiah, 378. 

S., 279, 280, 288, 291, 293, 
296, 298, 301, 301, 303, 304, 
324, 327, 330, 335, 341, 345, 
346, 347, 349, 350, 353, 354, 
356, 357, 358, 359, 360, 364, 
367, 368, 382, 392, 396, 397, 
399, 406, 407, 411. 
Samuel. 283, 326. 

Albany, 329, 343. 

Albee, Lieut. William, 19, 40. 

Alden, Austin, 307. 
John, 71. 

Alexander, John, 378. 
John, 2nd, 378. 

Allan, Col. John, 18, 23, 24, 32, 
40, 41, 50, 51, 52, 53, 59, 60, 
61, 65, 66, 67, 68, 88, 100, 
103, 105, 112, 122, 124, 128, 
129, 136, 152, 153, 154, 167, 
183, 186, 189, 209, 220, 234. 
247, 252, 256, 257, 258, 267, 
274, 283, 288, 298, 299, 302, 
307, 320, 325, 326, 341, 342, 
355, 356, 367, 368, 369, 370, 
372, 376, 388, 397, 436, 439, 
440. 447, 448, 449, 462, 468. 

Allen, James, 86. 
John, 2S3. 

Alley, John, 5. 

Ambroise, .src St. Aubin, Am- 
broise. 

Ammidown, Mr. — — , 90, 91. 

Anderson, Edward, 364, 366. 

Andrews, Capt. , 65, 66, 106. 

Androscoggin River, 230, 310. 

Army, American, set; Continen- 
tal Army. 

Arnold, Col. Benedict, 121. 

Ashley, Mr. , 92. 

John, Jr., 428. 
Col. John, 90. 

Atteor, 8. 

At wood, Stephen, 386. 

Audebert, ( 

Audiberl, | Phillip, 38, 104. 142. 

Austin, Jon' Loring, Jr., 403. 

Avery, Mr. , 112. 

Edward. 85. 
Edward. Jr., 387. 



Avery, coiifiintcd. 

Lieut. James, 31, 39, 52, 53, 59, 
61, 66, 67, 129, 153, 167, 208, 
256, 268, 270, 274, 287, 302. 
341, 342, 367, 368, 369, 370, 
371, 372, 388, 397, 462, 463. 

John, 2, 12, 17, 18, 63, 133, 167, 
186, 192, 209, 223, 294, 307, 
308, 309, 315, 316, 320, 321, 
341, 343, 369, 405, 445, 44G, 
447. 



B 



Babbidge, William, 224. 

scr also Bubbage. 
Bacon, Mr. , 47. 91, 92. 

George, 207, 208. 
Badlam, Lt. Col. Ezra, 460, 462, 

474, 475, 476. 
Bagaduce, see Magabigwaduce. 

Baker, Mr. , 182. 

Balltown, 432. 

Bane, | Lieut. John, 187, 248, 

Bean, \ 266, 267, 268, 269, 270, 

274, 275, 288, 289, 441, 442. 

John, Jr., 270. 
Barker, James, 91. 
Barnes, Benjamin, 410. 
Barnstable County, 33, 35, 90. 
Barrett, Mr. , 8, 52. 

Samuel, 90. 
Bartlett, Jonathan, 229. 
Barton, Jedediah, 380, 401. 

Stephen, 379, 380, 401. 
Bath, 432. 
Battle, Ebenezer, 428. 

Isaac, 86. 
Bayley, Nathaniel, 90. 
Bean, .sfc Bane. 
Belfast, 73, 74, 75, 76. 

Bell, ('apt. , 255. 

Benjamin, Jon", 312. 

Berkshire County, 90, 92, 133, 

329, 358. 
Berry, Joseph, 72. 

Thomas, 378. 
I5ertbiaunie. Juniper, 36, 43, 291, 

292, 303. 304, 372, 374. 
Berwick, 48, 144, 289. 290, 413, 

414, 451. 453. 466. 
BevcTly. 354, 427. 
Bicklord, Henry, 11. 
Bill of Rights, 12. 



31 



482 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Bishop, Capt. , 72. 

Bitter, Peter, 386. 

Blanchard, Edward, 402, 403. 

Bliss, Jolin, 91, 218. 

Blount, ) 

Blunt, ) Lieut. John, 360, 361. 

Boa, George, 386. 

Bogs, William, 379. 

Bond, George, 233. 

Bonney, Capt. , 47. 

Boothbay, 4, 5, 6, 148, 149, 150, 
151. 160, 161, 196, 198, 211, 
212, 282, 283, 311, 317, 318, 
322, 323, 330, 331, 337, 345, 
346, 347, 408, 409, 432. 
Boston, 1, 3, 5, 10, 15, 17, 23, 31, 
36, 39, 46, 49, 53, 57, 60, 63, 
64, 67, 69, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 
94, 98, 112, 114, 117, 120, 121, 
128, 129, 131, 137, 138, 142, 
143, 145, 151, 155, 156, 159, 
167, 188, 208, 210, 216, 220, 
234, 235, 236, 242, 243, 246, 
254, 255, 256, 261, 262, 267, 
280, 288, 293, 295, 296, 297, 
304, 30S, 315. 320, 326, 330. 
331, 334, 336, 337, 338, 341, 
342, 343, 351, 352, 353, 361, 
366, 369, 370, 371, 372, 382, 
383, 384, 388, 389, 390, 399. 
405, 406, 411, 417, 428, 436, 
443, 445, 446, 447, 448, 450, 
459, 460, 461, 463, 468, 472, 
475, 477, 478. 
Board of War, ) 23, 24. 40, 53, 
War Office, \ 60, 62, 67. 
117. 124, 127, 129, 205, 206. 
250, 395, 396, 402, 403, 405, 
445, 446, 447, 
Castle Island, 341, 350. 
Council Chamber, 1, 17, 48, 
182, 208, 223, 294, 295, 316, 
343. 
Goal, 258. 
Hall's Wharf. 75. 
Harbor. 3, 75, 105. 142. 303, 

321. 
Marine, } 

Navy Board, ( 143, 210, 279. 
Newspapers, 170. 
Pension Office. 38. 141, 142, 

143, 210, 361. 
Port, 171, 327. 
Prison Ship, 255. 
State Hospital, 104, 105. 
Bowdoin, James, 5. 
Bowdoinham. 432. 
Bowland, John Lendell. 427. 



Bowman, Jon^, 363, 419, 421. 
Boyinton, William, 14. 
Bracl^et, Abraham. 344, 345. 

James. 344. 
Bradbury, Jacob, 278, 279. 319. 

Moses. 46. 

Theophilus, 389. 391. 
Bradford, Joseph, 208. 
Bragdon, Joseph, Jr., 321. 

Joshua, 460. 

(!apt. Thomas, 406, 407. 
Braintree, 471. 
Bramhall, Cornelius, 224. 
Bray, Nathaniel, 224. 
BreAver, 

Col. Josiah, ) 1,2,7,8,9,15, 

Col. Joseph, j 16, 36, 37, 43, 
44, 63, 64, 114, 292, 293, 297, 
299, 301. 302, 312, 319, 320, 
338. 
Bricli, John, 142. 

Joseph, 142. 
Bridge, Edmund, 417. 
Bridgton, 364. 
Bristol, 277, 432. 

County, 90. 
Britain, 257, 267. 

see also Great Britain. 
Britanic Majesty, his, 200. 
Britains, the, 1 21, 25, 26. 28, 29. 
British, the, 100, 106, 107, 

Britons, the, I 109, 112, 122, 
English, the, ) 129, 188, 247, 
257, 262, 272, 273, 299, 373, 
439. 
British Cruisers, 27, 365. 

Fleet, 187. 

Privateers, 459. 
Broad Bay, 222, 223. 
Broolvs, E., 39. 

Eleazer, 90, 91, 358. 

Thomas, 90. 
Broome, Samuel. 412. 
Brown, | 
Browne, ] Capt. , 317. 

Mr. , Commissary, 318. 

Mr. , of Concord, 349, 350. 

Maj. Andrew, 231, 232, 233. 

Col. Ephraim, 403. 

N. Y., 310, 311. 

James, 379. 

Samuel, 14, 402. 
Brownfield, 310, 317. 
Brunswick, 10, 280, 281, 282. 
Bryant, Abraham, Jr., 86, 387. 

John, 86, 387. 
Bubbage, Stephen, 224. 

.sec also Babbidge. 



INDEX 



483 



287. 



52. 



152, 254, 255, 



Bucknam, Capt. John, 269, 275, 

443, 444. 
Burke, Capt. Johu, 116, 124. 

Richard, 81. 
Burns, Capt. 

Sergt., 351. 

Burrill, Mr. , 

Burt. Gideon, 428. 

Burton, Maj. 

256. 
Butler, Moses, 104, 266. 

Moses, Jr., 266. 

Nathaniel, 266. 

Peter, 266. 
Buxton, 277, 278, 279, 469. 



C 



Call, Obadiah, Jr., 11. 

Cambridge, 246. 

Camden, 46, 73, 79, 88, 190, 219, 

261, 262, 263, 376, 402. 

Campbell, General , 277. 

Col. Alexander, 26, 32, 33, 40, 

42, 186, 187, 188, 191, 267, 

268, 269, 288, 441, 442. 
John, 199, 200, 204, 205. 
Mary, 199, 202, 204, 205. 
Campbell Town, 276. 
Canada, 29, 106, 107, 123, 310, 

329, 373, 437, 439. 
Cape Elizabeth, 82, 85, 87, 354, 

380, 381, 382, 384, 385, 386, 

387, 414, 415. 
Cape Porpoise River, 33, 35. 
Cape Sable, 32, 356. 

Cargill, Col. , 72, 73, 74. 

James, 2, 3, 13, 14, 76, 77, 93, 

99. 
Carlton, 340. 

Carnes, Thomas Jeners, 97. 
Cartland, John, 14. 
Casco Bay, 117, 148, 326. 
Cash, Francis, 86, 386. 
John, 386. 
Samuel, 86. 
Stephen, 86, 386. 
Castle Island, see under Boston. 
Chadbourn, Benjamin, 48, 50, 

141, 145. 
Huniplirey, 33, 35. 
Clianders, 236. 
Chandler's River, 445. 
Charle.stown, 81. 
Chase, Thomas, 471. 
(^heesebrook, Elisha, 222. 
Chershind, TIio\ Nich"., 85. 
Child, Tho\, 36. 



Choate, Stephen, 33, 113. 
Clancy, David, 11. 
Clark, ) 

Clerk, j , 310. 

Lieut. , 328. 441, 442. 

Abraham, 290. 
Benjamin, 266. 
Stephen, 266. 
Cleaves, Robert, 378. 
Clements, Jeremiah, 410. 

Clinton, Gen. , 31. 

Cluff, Samuel, 410. 
Coasters, sec under Vessels. 
Cobb, James, 85. 
James Noble, 387. 
Jedidiah, 386. 
Joseph, 86. 
Joseph, Jr., 387. 
Cobbet, Aron, 142. 
Codman, John, Jr., 315. 

Coffin, Col. , 15, 196, 257, 

324. 
Francis, 277, 315, 316, 453. 
Dr. Nathaniel, 276, 277, 315, 

316, 450, 453. 
Mrs. Nathaniel, 277. 
Richard, 269, 275. 
Colburn, Lieut. Jeremiah, 261, 

262, 263. 
Colby, Joseph, 224. 
Cole, Benjamin, 76, 224. 

Collins, Capt. , 385. 

Cornell, Ezek, 361. 
Conant, Nathaniel, 410. 
Concord, 349. 
Cone, John, 378. 
Congress, sec United States Con- 
gress. 
Connecticut River, 329. 
Continental Army, 59, 80, 97, 
116, 133, 134, 135, 142, 156, 
157, 167, 178, 182, 184, 199, 
207, 209, 213, 217, 218, 231, 
233, 282, 290, 326, 332, 340, 
342, 348, 351, 374, 375, 379, 
381, 382, 385, 386, 387, 396, 
397, 398, 399, 400, 401, 403, 
415, 416, 423, 425, 429, 430, 
434, 451, 456, 458, 459, 461, 
462, 464, 465, 466, 469, 474, 
475. 
Certificates, 471. 
Pensioners, 140, 141. 
Village, Headquarters, 329. 
Conway, 310. 
Cooks, James, 401. 
Coos, 310. 
Cooper, S., 120. 



484 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Cousins, Charles, 378. 

Cowden, Capt. , 90. 

Coxhall, 479, 480. 
Crafts, Col. Thomas, 98. 
Cramberry Island, 33. 
Cranch, Richard, 121. 

Crane, Col. , 467. 

Crawford, Dr. , 323. 

Mary, 323, 324. 
Cressy, Charles, 224. 

Crocker, , 352. 

Capt. Peleg, 3, 73, 74, 75, 76, 
77. 
Crocket, } 

Crockett, ( Ephraim, 387. 
Jame, 222. 
Josiah, 193, 196, 198, 221, 223, 

224. 
Ricliard, 195, 198, 199, 224. 
Crosby, Nicholas, 192. 
Cruisers, .sre under Vessels. 
Cumberland County, 10, 36, 46, 
50, 74, 76, 81, 89, 90, 118, 
130, 131, 132, 139, 162, 165, 
171, 174, 185, 195, 198, 199, 
200, 213, 215, 216, 224, 225, 
251, 258, 259, 264, 275, 281, 
290, 311, 315, 335, 345, 357, 
358, 359, 366, 380, 384, 396, 
426, 431, 434, 435, 436, 453, 
454, 472. 
Curate, John, 86, 385. 

Curtis, Capt. , 90, 91. 

Lot, 224. 
James, 378. 

Cushing, , 9. 

Charles, 416, 417, 428. 
Brig. Gen. Charles, 62, 420. 
John, 116, 117, 124. 
Capt. Loring, 86, 387. 
Capt. Perez, 429. 
Seth, 428. 
T., 8. 

Thomas, 385. 
Cutts, Thomas, 276. 



D 



Damariscotta, ) 

Damascothy, ( River, 318. 

Daniel, James M., 410. 

Dartmouth, 310. 

Davis, Capt. Amasa, 309, 446, 
447. 
Caleb, 8, 15, 16, 33, 38, 39, 41, 
42, 44, 45, 47, 48, 51, 57, 61, 
82, 87, 96, 99, 102, 105, 113, 
119, 127, 129, 133, 134, 135, 



Davis, contiinird. 

139, 140, 141, 142, 144, 145, 

147, 150, 151, 154, 155, 157, 

158, 159, 161, 166, 172, 175, 

176, 177, 180, 182, 184, 185, 

196, 205, 206, 207, 209, 211, 

212, 215, 217, 219, 220, 221. 

222, 225, 229, 234, 252, 254. 

257, 259, 261, 263, 264, 265, 

302, 367. 
Capt. Jonathan, 149, 151. 
Davis, Joshua, 402. 
Dawes, Col. , 15, 64, 65, 89, 

91, 190. 
Thomas, 90. 

Dawson, Capt. , 72. 

Day, Capt. , 386. 

De Bourger, Father Frederick, 

320. 
Deer Island, 193, 194, 195, 196, 

198, 199, 200, 201, 202, 220, 

221, 223, 224, 276. 
De Lesdernier, Louis Frederick, 

107, 108, 189, 284, 437, 439, 

440, 447, 448, 449. 
Dennis, John, 230. 
Deserter, a Hessian, 419. 
Devens, ) Richard, 208, 297, 320, 
Devons, j 403. 

Dillworth, Capt. , 386. 

Dimple, James, 86. 
Samuel, 86. 

Dix, Mr. , 91. 

Doggett, Capt. Samuel, 23, 24, 

45, 405. 
Dole, Daniel, 465. 
Doo, Capt. Vincent, 382, 384, 

389, 391, 392, 394, 395. 
Dorchester, 436. 
Dorr, Joseph, 33, 52, 341, 472. 
Douglass, Barbara, 377. 

Robert, 377. 
Dow, John, 224. 

Nathan, 224. 
Downer, Dr. Eliphalet, 142, 208, 

335, 361, 402. 
Drinkwater, Capt. Daniel, 446. 
Drumond, Alexander, 14, 376. 
Dudley, Frances, 312. 
Duglas, Andrew, 378. 
Frank, 378. 
Wilam, 378. 
Dukes County, 90. 

Dunbar, Mr. , 91. 

Dunltan, Samuel, 280, 281, 378. 
Dunlap, John, 378. 
Dunn, Capt. Samuel, 116, 124. 
Durfee, Thomas, 147, 425, 



INDEX 



485 



Dyer, Capt. , 124. 

Benjamin. 86, 386. 

Daniel, 386. 

Jabez, 85. 

James, 385. 

James, Jr., 85. 

Judah, 86. 

Peter, 86, 386. 

Reuben, 386. 

Samuel, 387. 
Dyer's Rangers, 39, 123, 124. 



E 



Eastman, Jeremiah, 410. 

William, 410. 
Eaton, — , 378. 

Jonathan, 224. 

Ahimaar, 134. 
Edgecomb, 150, 432. 
Egypt, 479. 

Eldridg, Timothy, 86, 386. 
Elkins, David, 344. 

Mrs. David, 344. 
Ellis, Mr. , 91. 

Abner, 90. 

Ely, Mr. , 90, 425. 

England, 72, 102, 417, 418. 

King of, 72, 200, 267. 
English, the, 373. 

■sre also under Britains, the. 
Essex County, 76, 77, 90, 147, 
162, 165, 174, 230, 250, 454. 

Esterbrook, Mr. , 52. 

Evans, John, 311. 



F 



Fairbanks, David, 87. 

Jonathan, 86. 
Fales, Atwood, 379. 

David, 94. 

George, (?) 224. 
Falmouth, 34,35, 44, 45, 54, 55, 62, 
63, 68, 69, 74, 75, 79, 81, 88, 
89, 94, 95, 131, 132, 139, 146, 
148, 149, 158, 159, 161, 162, 
167, 185, 186, 188, 195, 196, 
198, 199, 200, 201, 202, 213, 
214, 216, 217, 254, 258, 264, 
274, 277, 293, 294, 306, 310, 
313, 315, 310, 326, 327, 354, 
357, 377, 383, 384, 387, 390, 
392, 436, 450, 453, 454. 457. 
458, 464, 465. 460. 472. 473. 

Bay. 45. 

Goal. 10. 11. 42, 45, 50, 84, 222. 



Falmouth, contiinied. 

Harbor, 84, 161. 

Headquarters, 46. 

Mount Joy, 161. 

Port of, 258, 259. 

Port, 422, 423. 

Soldiers, 357. 
Farmer, Capt. Edward, 428. 
Farnham, Joshua, 14. 
Farnsworth, Capt. James, 241 
243, 444. 

Farnum, , 31. 

Felck, Abijah, 319. 

Fessenden, Mr. , 91. 

Ficket, Abner, 386. 

John, 386. 

Vincent, 386. 

Fisher, Capt. , 343. 

Fisher's Island, 412. 

Fisk, David, 349. 

Fling, James, 222. 

Fogg, Joseph, 453. 

Forts and Garrisons, 30, 31, 56 

217, 220. 
Forts at Bagwaduce, 273. 

at Castle Island, 341, 350. 

at Falmouth, 54, 55, 88, 89 
139, 159, 161, 162, 163, 165 
174, 472. 

at Halifax, 356. 

at Machias, 22, 26, 52, 53, 59 
60, 68, 111. 152, 154, 252 
256, 284, 324, 325, 326, 
437, 438. 

at Magabigwaduce, 295. 

at Penobscot, 73, 323. 

at Springfield, 475. 

Castle William, 475, 478. 

Cumberland, 287. 

Gates, 285. 

George, 177, 254. 255. 

Halifax, 8, 9. 16. 36. 43. 
115, 292, 293, 298, 301, 
338, 373. 374. 

Halifax Truck House. 7. 
319. 

Howe. 106. 107, 287, 351, 

Wa.shington, 403, 404. 

Western. 43. 
Foster, (^ol. Benjamin, 186, 
440, 441. 442, 443, 444. 

Robert, 359, 467, 468, 471. 

John, 386. 
Fowb^r, VVMlliani, 85. 
Fox Island, 73. 

Jn".. 457. 
France, 72, 403. 
Frazier, Mr. , 90. 



341, 



113, 
319. 



297. 



352. 



270. 



486 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Freeman, Enoch, 199. 
Joshua, 293, 294, 295. 
Pelatiah, 5, 17, 18, 42. 
Samuel, 33, 34, 35, 36, 199, 
290, 327, 329, 334, 343, 422, 
423, 473. 
Freetown, 218. 

French, the, 106, 107, 117, 356. 
Admiral, the, 371. 
Consul, the, 2, 9, 15, 36, 43, 

106. 
Fleet, )the, 107, 170, 

Man of War, j 171, 178, 179, 

180, 257, 283, 286. 
Frigate, 356. 
Port, a, 258, 259. 
Priest, see under Recollect. 
Frenchman's Bay, 23, 26, 32, 99, 
102, 104, 110, 112, 183, 184, 
185, 186, 189, 227, 237, 240, 
248, 249, 266, 267, 269, 270, 
273, 274, 275, 286, 288, 289, 
295, 441. 
Bay Township, No. Two, 104. 

Frost, Brig. , 8. 

John, 251, 276, 317. 
Timothy, 471. 
William, 44, 139, 140. 
Frosts, John, 411. 
Frothingham, John, 465. 

Frye, Mr. , 113. 

Capt. Joseph, 229. 
Simeon, 94, 96, 229, 276. 
Fryeburg, 94, 96, 157, 311. 
Fuller, Jonathan, 14. 
Fullers Town, 229, 230, 310, 328. 



G 



Gammons, John, 85, 386. 
Samuel, 85, 386. 
William, 222. 
Gardner, Henry, 369. 

Dr. Joseph, 15, 104, 143, 210, 

378. 
Georgetown, 148, 149, 150, 151, 

160, 166, 330, 374, 376, 398, 

432. 
Gent, Thomas, 387. 
Germany, 245. 

Gerrish, Col. , 353. 

Gerry, Mr. , 91. 

Getchell, John, 14. 

Gill, John, 476. 

Gilman, Lieut. Andrew, 63, 64, 

297, 298. 
Gillpatrick, Joseph, 319. 
Gin, Capt. , 373. 



Gloucester, 354. 
Glover, Gen. John, 477. 

Jonathan, 403. 
Goddard, Elias, 122. 
Goldsborough, 

see Gouldsborough. 

Goodman, Col. , 90. 

Goodridge, Joshua, 410. 
Samuel, 421. 

Goodwin, Col. , 317. 

Dominicus, 470. 
Jedidiah, 453. 
Samuel, 11, 418. 
Samuel, Jr., 11, 418. 
Gordon, | 

Gordin, j James, 343. 
Joseph, 327. 343, 344. 
Gorham, 278, 305, 306, 307, 364, 
366. 

Mr. , 92. 

Nathaniel, 279, 280, 288, 291, 
293, 296, 298, 301, 303, 304, 
324, 326, 327, 330, 335, 336, 
345, 346, 347, 349, 350, 351, 
353, 354, 357, 358, 3.59, 360, 
363, 367, 368, 382, 388, 392, 
396, 397, 399, 407, 411, 414, 
416, 422. 425, 426, 435, 470, 
474, 476. 
William, 307, 866. 
Goud, George, 11. 
Jacques, 11. 
James, 362, 363. 
Gouldsborough, ) 110, 193, 225, 
Goldsborough, j 235, 236, 238, 
240, 248, 269, 275, 308, 355. 
Gow, Edward, 5. 
Graffam, Caleb, 358, 359. 
Grant, James, 344. 

Samuel, 380, 401. 
Graves, Admiral Samuel, 3. 
Great Androscoggin River, 230, 

310. 
Great Britain, 83, 134, 148, 193, 
194, 237, 244, 315, 342, 381, 
453, 455; see also Britain, 
the King of, 313. 
Greeley, Mrs. Alice, Innholder, 
35. 

Green, Gen. , 232. 

Greenleaf, Jonathan, 90, 150, 
155, 168, 196, 211, 425. 
Joseph, 122. 

Gregory, Capt. , 73. 

Grenlaw, William, 224. 
Gressy, John, Jr., 224. 
Gridley, Scarboro, 216. 217. 
Grow, Col. , 82. 



INDEX 



487 



Grow, continued. 

Edward. 276, 393, 394, 406, 
407, 4G3. 
Guard Ship, see Prison Sliip. 
Guld, John, 386. 
Gunn, Moses, 158. 
Gurnet, 354. 

H 

Haldimand, Gen. Frederick, 28. 
Haley, \ 
Haly, I John, 11. 
Martin, 11. 
Thomas, 11. 
William, 11. 
Halifax, 32, 75, 110, 213, 287. 

321, 351, 352, 356, 418. 
Hall Mr , of the Legisla- 
ture, 182, 358, 423. 

Mr. ■, messenger, 159. 

Ebenezer, 410. 
Samuel, 335, 336. 
Stephen, 74. 75, 76, 77, 276. 
293, 294, 338. 
Hallowell, 401, 432. 

Hambelton, Lieut. , 70. 

Hampshire County, 90, 329 340. 
Hancock, John, 16, 17, 38, 39. 
42 44, 45, 47, 48, 50, 51, 53. 
57' 61, 68, 70, 87, 89, 96, 99. 
105, 113, 119, 127, 134, 135, 
136 139, 140, 141, 142, 144, 
145 149, 152, 154, 155. 157. 
158. 159, 161, 167, 172, 176. 
178, 180, 182, 185, 189, 192. 
205, 207, 208, 209, 212, 215, 
217, 219, 221, 223. 225. 228. 
229, 234, 241, 252, 256, 257. 
259 261, 263, 264, 265, 280. 
288, 291, 293, 296, 298, 301. 
303 304. 316, 317, 326, 327. 
329' 330, 335, 336, 340, 341. 
345' 346 347, 350, 351, 354. 
357' 3.59. 360, 363, 367, 368. 
369' 392, 396. 397, 399, 407. 
411' 414. 416, 422, 426, 428. 
430', 435, 443, 446, 470, 474, 
477. 
Handifon, Stephen. 266. 
Happen. William, 453. 
Hardison, Stephen. 104, 407. 408 
Harinton. Robert. 86. 
Hari)swell, 280, 281, 282. 

Harrington, Mr. ■ 349. 

Robert. 387. 
Harris, James. 90. 
Hartford, 232. 343. 
Hartwf'll, Jolin, 349. 



Haskell, Alig, 224. 
Francis, 224. 
Ignatius, 224. 
Jacob, 46. 
Mark, 224. 
Hatch, Joseph, 86. 
Hathaway, John, 218. 
Hayes, Elijah. 453. 
Hazard. Ebeu. 423. 
Heald, Capt. Timothy. 136. 
Heath, Gen. W., 329, 330. 
Ileddeau, George, 378. 
Henshaw, Andrew, 93, 206. 

Herinton, Mr. , 150. 

Herrick. Henry, 403. 
Hessian, Deserter, An, 419. 

Higginson, Capt. , 90. 

Mr. , 91. 

Hill, 1 Alexander, 405, 445, 
Hill's, i 446. 

John, 90, 276, 289, 290, 411, 

451, 453, 466, 467. 
Thomas, 269, 275. 
Hilton. William, 14. 

Hinchborn, Col. , 443. 

Hinkley, Capt. , 386. 

Nathaniel, 378. 
Theophilas, 378. 

Hitchcock, Col. , ^^0. 361. 

Hodge. Henry, 211, 212, 322, 

400, 401. 
Hodgkins, Moses, 378. 
Phillip, 295, 296. 

Holden, Mr. , 382. 

Holt, Capt. , 90. 

Hooper, David, 266. 

Hopkins, Maj. John, 5, 256. 261. 

263, 264. 
Horton, James, 86. 
Ilosmer, Maj. , 90. 

Joseph, 349. 
Hospital Ship, the, 197, 211 
Hospital, the State. 104, 105. 
Houdlette, Louis, 11. 
Howard, Ezra, 224. 

James, 420. 
Howard, John. 224. 

William, 401. 420. 421. 

Col. William, 320. 
Howardston. 432. 
Hubbard, William. 209. 210. 
Humbleton, Gabriel, 14. 
Hunt, Stuart, 378. 
Il\iM((r, Arthur, 401. 

Grn. James, 450. 
Ilviiitiugton, 330. 
Samuel, 136. 



488 



DOCUMEISITARY HISTORY 



Huson, an Indian, 403. 
Hussey, Stephen, 90. 
Hutchings, Levi, 410. 
Hutchinson, 404. 

Col. Israel, 64, 65. 

Gov. Thomas, 409, 410. 



lUsley, ] 

Ilsley, \ Col. , 381. 

David, 465. 

Impressing men for service, 142, 
180. 

Indians, 2, 9, 15, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 
25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 31, 37, 39, 
40, 43, 45, 51, 52, 53, 59, 61, 
63, 64, 65, 67, 105, 107, 108, 
109, 110, 111, 113, 114, 115. 
116, 122, 123, 124, 128, 129, 
153, 188. 190, 209, 257, 283. 
284. 285. 286. 288, 292, 293, 
299, 300, 301, 302, 303, 304, 
310, 312, 319, 320, 325, 326, 
328, 338. 339. 342, 355, 356, 
373. 374, 403, 437. 438. 439, 
440. 448. 
see also under tribal names. 

Indians, Eastern, 25, 28, 29, 371. 

Ingalls, , son of Daniel, 310. 

Ingalls, Daniel, 310. 

Ingolls, William, 104. 

Ipswich, 390. 

Ivers, Thomas, 405, 445, 446, 447. 



Jackson, Bartholomew. 344, 345. 

Henry, 386. 

Col. Henry, 403. 

Joseph, 11. 

Robert, 386. 

Solomon, 85. 

Solomon, Jr., 387. 
Jakin, Christopher, 11. 
Jameson, Paul. 379. 
Jeleson. Jabe. 378. 
Jemison, Robert, 86. 
Jenks, David, 235. 
Jent, Thomas, 87. 
Jepson, Benjamin. 23. 24. 45, 

405. 406. 
Jersey, 178. 

Jewett, Mr. , 89. 

Johnson, John, 11. 
Jones, Ephraim, 345. 

John, 420. 

John Coffin. 443. 



Jones, conii lined. 

Col. Nathan. 188, 193, 227, 228, 
240 241 242. 

Stephen, 226, 235, 236, 238. 
243, 246, 410, 443. 

Thomas, 86, 387. 

William, 386. 
Jordan, Andrew, 86, 386. 

Benjamin. 386. 

Clement, 90. 

Clement, Jr., 386. 

Ebenezer, 86, 386. 

Edmund, 86, 387. 

Ezra, 386. 

Isaac, 85, 385. 

Israel, 85, 386. 

Jeremiah, 85, 386. 

John, 387. 

John, Jr., 85. 

Richard, Jr., 85. 

Robert, 86, 387. 

Samuel, 86, 385. 

Simon, 386. 

Stilsman, 386. 

Thomas, 386. 

Thomas, 3rd, 85. 

William, 85, 386. 

K 

Karcudbury, 343. 
Rating, Richard, 79, 94. 

Kemp, , 198. 

Kennebec, 10, 68, 140, 358. 

River, 10, 43, 58, 68, 115, 150, 

185, 253, 374, 375, 398, 429. 

Kent, Benjamin. 6, 311, 312, 317, 

318, 337. 
Kimball, Ezra, 480. 

Thomas, 410. 

Kingman, Capt. , 90. 

Kittery, 33, 35, 317, 412, 413. 
Knight, John, 410. 
Kollock, Mr. , 92. 



Laisdell, Matthew, 410. 

Lakes back of Passamaquoddy, 

29, 355, 356. 
Landers, James, 378. 
Lane, Daniel, 469. 
Langdon, John, 330, 331, 409. 

Timothy, 13, 14, 383, 391. 
Langley, Richard, 86, 385. 
Lapham, Joseph, 354, 355. 
Larrabee, Nathaniel, 378. 
Larvalege, Stephen, 460. 



INDEX 



489 



Law. Martial. 69 317. 

Leake. Capt. Robert 351. 35-. 

Leggate, Mr^ ', iio 413 

Leighton, Samuel. 412, 4i<5. 

414. 
Lemon, Clement, 53. 
trPerouse. 1 CapL Charles. 
Le Peruse, \ 256, l^^- 
Lermond. Alexander. 379. 
William. 379. 

388. 396. 

Morgan. 410. 
Lewiston. 432. 
Lexington. Battle of. <4. 
Libby. Mr. , 423. 

Ilatevil. ' ^„'^- , 

Limerick. 319. 327 344. 
Lincoln. 348. 349 350^ 

Capt. Amos. 352. 35o. 4/y, iio. 

Mat Gen. Benjamin. 130. 145, 
147, 159. IGO. 161, 167, 20b. 

County 10. 13. 28. 37, 58, 72 
73 74 76, 88. 89, 90, 102, 
118, 130. 131, 132. 135. 136. 
137 138 152, 160. 162, 164. 
165' 170 171 172. 174. 176. 
lis 193 194 198. 199. 202. 
21l' 212' 213 215, 219, 223. 
224 225, 243 247. 251. 252. 
253 265 271. 275. 292. 293. 
307' 308 311 312. 313. 332 
038 357 358. 362. 364. 378. 
380', 407. 408. 416. 417. 419. 
420. 421. 423. 430. 431. 434, 
443'. 
Linnell. Stephen. 378_ 
Lithgow. William. 57, 90 147. 
150 151. 155. 166. 175. 18^, 
206! 276. 312, 425. 

Little. Col. . 175. 257. 

James. 14. 
Luther, 142. 
River. 33. 34. 
Littlefield. Capt. James. 128. 
129. 152. 153. 

Lombard. Mr. -.3... 14<. 

Solomon, 276. 33o. 
London, 418. 
Long. Mr. -—-. 2...>. 
Long Island. 72, i-i, ''*• '•^• 

Capt' John. 84. 222. 242. 
I^ord. James, 480. 
Lovell, . 353. 



Lovell. coHthnied. gU 

«Ti7,'?ir 322, s". z. Ik 

Low, Capt. 356. 

Beniah 198. ^^g. 

Lucas, John, ob, it". ^ • 

143 207. 209. 210, 229, 233. 

234', 360, 361, 402. 
Lyon, Rev. James, 41. 



M 

McCallam, William 85. 

McCobb, Col. . 135, 364, 377. 

James, 140. 
William, 148, 409. 
McCreight, Robert 85. 
McDaniel, John, 87. 
McFarland, Joseph, 11. 

Joseph, 2nd. 11. 
McGoff, John, 142, 233 2^4. 

Mclntyre, Lieut. . ^-i"- 

John, 379. 
McKechnie, John, 116. 
McHenney, Humphery, 086 

McLallan. ) Capt. , 10- ^»*' 

McLellan, \ 421. 
Lieut., 69. 
Capt. Arthur, 386. 
John, 158, 159. 
Joseph. 258. 259. 366. o67. 
Thomas. 386. 
William. 386. 
Capt. William. 445. 
McNabb. — -. 254 ^^ 

^nr63:65'.'66.'6'7'88. 100 
103. 105. 106. 108 110, 124 
13r, 152 167. 183. 186. 187. 
Is9' 193 209 218, 225. 236. 
J07' 938 241 243. 252. 257. 
Irl' III' 270'. 273 274. 275. 
'4: 285', 287'. 290. 298. 300 
303 324. 325. 326. 341. 342. 
•l4' 367 368. 369. 370. 372 
m: 436. 437. 438. 439. 440. 
448. 449. 468, 471. 
Harbor, 257, 283. 
Indians. 7. 
River. 256. 
Tnick House. 292 293. 

10'i:"l'02.'l03. 110 112, 137. 

141 148 152, 177, 18b, 187. 

iJ- V 94', 199 208, 209. 210 

219' 227 228. 229. 235, 236. 

240 242'. 247, 248. 249. 254. 



490 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Magabigwaduce, continued. 

255, 263, 267, 273, 286, 294. 
295, 313, 320, 356, 360. 361. 
373, 418, 419, 428, 430. 439. 
Peninsular, 279, 280. 

Magray, John, 279, 280. 

Maine, District of, ) 13, 229, 230. 

Maine, Province of, ( 438. 

Majer. Phillip, 11. 

Major Bagwaduce. 
see Magabigwaduce. 

Mallet, John, 378. 
William, 378. 

Managuagus, .see Narraguagus. 

Manell, Bavak, 460. 

Marble, Philip, 266. 

Marblehead, 74, 84, 280, 354, 
454. 

Maret, \ 

Marett, ] Capt. Philip, 98. 
Th., 98. 

Maritime Court, .see under Pow- 
nalborough and York. 

Marsh, John, 1, 8. 

Marshall, Ezekiel, 224. 

Marshfleld, 354. 

Marston, Daniel, 198, 199. 

Martial Law, 69, 317. 

Mason, Abner, 11. 
Sam., 11. 
Stephen, 11. 

Massachusetts, Commonwealth 
and State of, 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 
13, 14, 16, 17, 23, 25, 26. 33, 
34, 36, 37, 39, 43, 45, 46, 47, 
49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 55, 56, 57. 
59, 60, 62, 63, 64, 67, 70, 77, 
79, 80, 81, 82, 84, 85, 87, 89, 
93, 94, 96, 97, 98, 100, 102. 



105 
124 
130 
136 
143 
153 
159 
168 
175 
182 
192 
200 
208 
216 
223 
233 
245 
252 
260 



113, 116, 117, 119, 122. 

125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 

131, 132, 133, 134, 135. 

137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 

144, 145, 146, 147, 151, 

154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 

160, 163, 164, 166, 167, 

170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 

176, 177, 179, 180, 181, 

183, 184, 185, 189, 190, 

193, 194, 195, 196, 199, 

201, 202, 205, 206, 207, 

209, 210, 211, 213, 214, 

217, 218, 219, 221, 222. 

227, 228, 229, 230, 231, 

234, 240, 241, 243, 244, 

246, 248, 249, 250, 251. 

253, 254, 257, 258, 259. 

262, 263, 264, 265. 269. 



Massachusetts, contiiu 


e(7. 




271, 


272 


273, 


275, 


276, 


277. i 


279, 


280 


281, 


282, 


288, 


289. 


290, 


291 


292, 


293, 


294. 


295. ; 


296, 


298 


299, 


300, 


302, 


303. ; 


304, 


305 


306, 


307, 


308, 


309. i 


311, 


313 


314, 


315, 


316, 


317. 


319, 


320 


321, 


323, 


324. 


325. 


326, 


327 


330, 


331, 


334, 


335. 


336, 


337 


338, 


340, 


341, 


345. 


346, 


347 


348, 


349, 


350, 


352. 


353, 


354 


357, 


358, 


359, 


360. 


361, 


362 


363, 


364, 


366, 


367. 


368, 


370 


372, 


374, 


376. 


378, 


379, 


380 


382, 


383, 


388, 


389, 


391, 


392 


393, 


394, 


395, 


396, 


397, 


398 


399, 


401, 


403, 


405. 


406, 


407 


408, 


409, 


410, 


413. 


415, 


416 


417, 


418, 


419. 


421. 


422, 


423 


425, 


426, 


427, 


428. 


430, 


431 


434, 


435, 


436, 


439. 


440, 


445 


446, 


447, 


449, 


450, 


451, 


453 


454, 


458, 


459, 


460, 


461, 


462 


463, 


464, 


465, 


466, 


469, 


471 


472, 


474, 


476, 


478, 



479. 

Eastern District, 13; see also 
under Maine, District of. 
Mather, Samuel, 15, 90, 91, 105. 
Mattoon, Capt. Ebenezer, 428. 
Maxwell, Capt. George, 386. 

Joseph, 85, 386. 

Thomas, 85, 386. 

William, 86, 387. 
May, Lieut.-Col. John, 428. 
Mayer, George, 11. 
Medumcook, 432. 
Merit, Daniel, 191, 268, 269, 275. 

Lieut. Daniel, Jr., 270. 
Merrill, John, 378. 
Meser, Trench, 8. 
Methuen, 230, 310. 
Micmacs, the, 29, 107, 123, 298. 

300. 
Middleboro, 70, 71. 
Middlesex County, 90. 
Miller, Charles, 155, 156, 157. 

160. 
Millican, Joseph, 222. 

Mills, Mr. , 175. 

Mitchell, David, 77. 

Mohawks, The, 29. 

Montague, 158. 

Montreal, 329. 

Moody, Nathaniel Green, 81, 82. 

Moon, Thomas, 104. 

Moore, Capt. Lieut. , 55. 

Morey, Ezekiel 224. 



INDEX 



491 



Morse, Daniel, 79, 94. 

Morton, Capt. , 381. 

Mosher, James, 305, 307. 
Moultou, Johnson, 393. 
Mount Desert, 33, 100, 110. 

Mowatt, I Capt. , 188. 

Mowet, ^Commodore ,450. 

Capt. Henrv, 81. 
Murray, John, 331, 334, 337, 338. 

345, 346. 
Mussey, Benjamin, 364, 366. 



N 



Nantucket County, 90. 
Narraguagus, ] 110, 188, 193, 
Narroguagus. !- 240, 241, 249, 
Managuagus, | 269, 271, 275. 
287. 

Meet, 248. 

Nash, Mr. , 91, 92. 

Nelson, Thomas, 71. 

Neutrals, 226, 235, 238, 239, 248. 

Nevens, j Capt. , 295, 296, 

Nevins, ( 356. 

New Bristol, 187, 265, 295, 408. 

New England, 13, 50, 113, 418. 

Army, 178. 
New Hampshire, 147, 155, 163, 

166, 174, 175, 310, 390. 
Nev/ Jersey, 178. 
New York Army, 178. 

City, 242, 243, 271, 279, 326. 
327, 343, 386, 417, 418. 

Prison Ship, 272, 386. 
Newbit, Christopher, 140, 141. 

142. 
Newbury, 74, 286, 295, 386. 
Newburyport, 383, 459. 
Newcastle, 2, 13, 76, 432. 
Newechewanaog, ) River, Little, 
Newichwanock, ( 33, 35. 
Newell, Ebenezer, 386. 
Newport, 1, 8, 170, 171, 177. 
Newton, 326. 
Nicholls, } 
Nickals, ( Israel, 349, 382, 472. 

C^apt. William, 193, 227, 240, 
242, 243. 269, 275, 287. 
Niles, Samuel. 91, 92, 175, 258. 
Nooiiian. / 

Noonaii. ( James, 23G, 269, 271. 
Norridgwalk, 432. 
North, Joseph, 136, 137, 138, 420. 
North Yarmouth, 74, 76. 77, 306. 

380. 
Norton, lieriah, 402. 



Nova Scotia, 27, 110. 228. 240. 

247, 279, 280. 287. 356, 437. 

439, 448, 467, 468. 
Noyes, Capt. Joseph, 139, 264, 

306, 402, 457. 
Peter, 62. 
Nve, Mr. , 90, 147. 



O 



Obrian, Capt. Jeremiah, 442. 

Oliver, David, 376. 

Orana, ] Joseph, 7, 8. 15, 298, 

Orina, j- 299,300,301. 

Orino, J 

Osgood, Maj. Samuel, 264, 265. 

Ossipee, 327, 328. 

Oxnard, , 314. 

Martha, 313, 314. 

Thomas 313, 314. 



Packard, Peter, 11. 
Pagan, Mr. , 242. 

Robert, 276, 277, 315, 316, 453. 

Page, Maj. , 113. 

Paine, Mr. , 90. 

Parker, Capt. , 151. 

Jordan, 402. 

Joseph, 86, 385. 

Solomon, 312. 

Thomas, 312. 
Parks, Brig. -Gen., Warrham, 428. 
Parrot, Capt. Thomas, 270. 
Parry. William, 222. 
Parsons, Jonathan, 402. 

Timothy, 140. 

William, 410. 

Passamaquoddy, 20, 26, 27, 28. 

29, 30, 66, 105, 106, 108, 109. 

128. 189. 257, 283, 288, 295. 

296, 356, 440, 448, 463, 464. 

Bay, 356. 

Indians, 153, 257, 298, 300. 

Lakes, back of, 29, 355, 356. 

River, 284, 440. 

Patch, Capt. , 113. 

Pater, Henry, 378. 
Paters, James, 378. 
Pattee, David, 312. 

Ezekiel, 299, 338. 339, 420. 421. 
422. 

Maj. Ezokiel, 312. 
Pearsonlown, 344. 345. 

Peck, Col. . 90. 349. 

Pedrick. William. 142. 
Peele. Jonathan, Jr., 127. 



492 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Pembleton, Stephen, 222, 223. 

Pendleton, William, 72, 74. 

Fennel, Samuel, 386. 

Penney, Jonathan, 401. 

Penobscot, 1, 5, 7, 8, 10, 16, 17, 
23, 25, 53, 71, 72, 73, 104, 
116, 120, 121, 125, 135, 136, 
137, 142, 143, 192, 194, 200, 
213, 223, 227, 240, 260, 285, 

299, 300, 309, 313, 314, 315, 
316, 321, 323, 337, 352, 355, 
366, 396, 403, 425, 453. 

Bay, 73, 75. 

Campbell Town, 276. 

Expedition, 6, 23, 62, 71, 97, 
98, 120, 121, 125, 127, 135, 
136, 141, 142, 143, 196, 205, 
208, 210, 211, 250, 259, 260, 
322, 323, 335, 355, 395, 401, 
402, 411, 427, 430, 445, 447. 

Indian, 1, 6, 7, 8, 9, 15, 29, 36, 
43, 63, 64, 291, 292, 297, 298, 

300, 303, 338, 372, 373, 421, 
422. 

River, 19, 192, 213, 226, 238, 
243, 253, 262, 324, 338, 339, 
428, 429, 430. 

Sound, 222, 223, 253. 
Pepbles, Patrick, 379. 
Pepperelborough, 79, 80, 81, 134, 

135, 279. 
Perkins, Ebenezer, 143, 144, 229. 
Perley, Enoch, 364, 366. 
Person Town, 364. 
Pesumscut River, 364. 

Pettegrew, , 150. 

Pettingill, Maj. , 467. 

Phelps, Oliver, 132. 
Philadelphia, 72, 136, 422. 
Phillips, Lieut. , 430. 

Mr. , 93. 

Asa, 312. 

Bridget, 155. 

Samuel, Jr., 341. 

Maj. William, 155. 
Phinny, Edward, 307, 366. 
Pierce, Abijah, 349. 
Pigwacket, 344. 
Pike, Humphrey, 81. 
Pinkham, Capt. Ichabod, 346, 

347. 
Piscataqua Harbor, 386. 
Pitts, John, 63, 113, 153, 206, 234, 

258 
Pittson, ) 10, 135, 136, 137, 138, 
Pittstown, 5 432. 
Pleasant River, 110, 191, 236, 
269, 270, 275, 443, 444. 



Plum Island, 354. 
Plumer, Moses, 457. 
Plummer, William, 86. 
Plymouth, 76. 

County, 70, 77, 90, 354, 355. 
Pochard, George, 11. 
Pollock, Alexander, 85. 

John Alexander, 386. 
Pond, Tma, 11. 
Poor, Peter, 310. 

Pope, Col. , 90. 

Porter, Elecksander, 377. 
Portsmouth, 117, 295. 

Port discontinued, 422. 
Portugal, the King of, 382, 391. 
Portuguese, the, 395. 

Schooner, 383. 
Port from Portsmouth to Fal- 
mouth, 422. 
Potter, Alexander, 378. 

John, 378. 

Joseph, 378. 
Powell, Jeremiah, 15, 16, 33, 38, 
39, 41, 44, 45, 47, 48, 51, 52, 

57, 61, 79, 82, 87, 89, 96, 99, 
102, 105, 112, 113, 119, 127, 
129, 133, 134, 135, 139, 140, 
141, 142, 144, 145, 147, 150, 
151, 152, 154, 155, 157, 158, 
159, 161, 163, 166, 171, 172, 
175, 176, 177, 179, 180, 184, 
185, 186, 205, 206, 207, 208, 
209, 211, 212, 215, 216, 217, 
219, 220, 221, 222, 225, 229, 
234, 252, 254, 258, 259, 261, 
263, 264, 265. 

Fownalborough, 10, 11, 42, 50, 

58, 70, 198, 202, 211, 311, 312, 
318, 322, 323, 331, 362, 363, 
399, 401, 417, 418, 419, 420, 
421, 432. 

Maritime Court, 384. 
Meeting House, 13. 
Fray, William, 11. 
Preble, ) 

Fribble, J Capt. , 105, 356. 

Col. , 32. 

Ebenezer, 118, 119, 314, 315, 

316, 450. 
Jedidiah, 8, 9, 82, 139, 140, 147, 
150, 155, 163, 168, 170, 172, 
179, 211, 213, 353, 354, 358, 
364, 382, 472, 473. 
Zebulon, 378. 
Prentice, Robinson, 86. 
Pressey, John (?) 224. 
Preston, John, 85. 
Presumpscot River, 364. 



INDEX 



498 



Pribble, see Preble. 
Priest, ■■<rc Recollect. 
Prime, Col. Joseph, 55, 69. 
Prison Ship, 272, 352, 3S6. 
Procter, Col. Edward, 97. 
Putnam, Batholomew, 250. 

Q 

Quakers, 467. 
Quebec, 119, 329, 344. 
Siege of, 121. 

B 

Rainsford Island, State Hospi- 
tal, 104, 105. 
Randal, ) 
Randall, j Ezra, 378. 

Capt. George, 383. 

Nathaniel, 386. 

Stephen, 85, 87, 385, 387. 
Raynes, John, 224. 

Nathan, 224. 

Read, Capt. , 90. 

Recollect, a French priest, 36, 
43, 291, 292, 303, 304, 339, 
372, 374. 
Reed, Col. , 276. 

Andrew, Jr., 311, 312, 317, 318, 
319. 

Lieut. Andrew, 6, 196, 198, 
211, 212. 318, 322, 323, 327. 

William, 14. 
Reed's Creek, (David), 14, 150. 
Revere, Paul, 97, 98, 425, 427, 

428, 429, 430. 
Rhode Island, 2, 178, 231. 
Rice, Thomas, 57, 139, 140, 423, 

425, 430. 
Richardson, Capt. Addison, 403, 
404. 

James, 155. 156, 157, 159, 100. 
Richcson, Abiel, 378. 

Henry, 378. 
Ricker, Joshua, 480. 

Rindgis, Capt. , 310. 

Riltal, / Fniiicis, 10, 11, 46, 61, 
Rldle, \ 69,419,420,421. 

Francis, Jr., 10, 50. 

James, 42. 

Lucy, 10, 11, 16, 42, 43, 68, 88. 

Samuel, 50. 
Roach, St('piH'n, 378. 
RobhiiiH, I'liilip, 379. 
Roberts, Joscpli, 386. 

William, 386. 
Robbius, ( 



Robins, ^ Oliver, 93. 

Thomas, 224. 
Robinson, Ebenezer, 86, 386. 

Elijah, 11. 

George, 386. 

Jabez, 11. 

Samuel, 85, 386. 

William, 379. 
Roes, Prine. 378. 
Rogers, Col., ) 

Maj., j 31. 

Roxbury, 119, 121. 
Russell, Joseph, 412. 

S 

Saco, 94. 

River, 144, 155. 
St. Aubin, Ambroise, 30. 
St. Croix, 438. 

River, 226, 238, 243. 
St. Georges, 73, 185, 190, 252, 
432. 

River, 69, 78, 79. 
St. Johns, 20, 65, 107, 108, 189, 
2S4, 329, 355, 356, 439. 

Indians, 65, 105, 106, 107, 284, 
298, 300. 

River, 32, 437, 438. 
St. Miguel Almas, 383, 391. 
Sulem, 74, 76, 77, 192, 250, 354, 
389, 450, 459. 

Salser, Capt. , 135. 

Saltonstall, Capt. Dudley, 143, 

208. 
Sanders, James, 224. 

Thomas, 224. 

Timothy, 224. 
Saiidv/ich, 90. 
Sandy River, 230. 
Sanlord, 409, 410. 
Saustout, Commander Dudley, 

208; .see also Saltonstall. 
Savage, Daniel, 401. 
Sawyer, , 142. 

Asa. 86. 

Parnabas, 86. 

i'.ariiey, 386. 

Ik'njaniin, 5, 386. 

Ebenezer. 86, 386. 

Epliraim, 86. 386. 

ilezekiah, 86. 

Jonathan, 86. 

Lemuel, 86, 387. 

Nathaniel, 85, 387. 
Sawyer, Reuben. 86. 

William. 86, 387. 

Sayer, Deacon, , 64, 65, 149, 

150. 



494 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Scammon, Daniel, 266. 
Scarborough, 278. 
Schenectady, 343. 
Schoodic, I 

Schudeck, | River, 20, 448 
Scituate. 76, 77. 
Sebesticook, ) 
Sibestucook, ] 373. 

River, 115. 
Sever, William, 90, 91. 
Sewall, , a tanner, 419. 

Abigail, 454. 

David. 155, 168, 413. 

Dummer, 65, 118, 119, 149, 
151, 160, 330, 331, 409. 

Jonathan, 81. 

Samuel, 454. 

Shaeffer, Dr. , 419. 

Shannon, J. Noble, 236, 246. 
Shapleigh, Maj. Nichols, 33, 34. 

Heirs, 34. 

Samuel, 412. 
Sharpleigh Town, ] 
Sharpleighboro, f 34, 36, 135. 

Shattuck, Jonas, 142. 
Shaw, Benjamin, 74, 76, 77. 

Francis, 191, 193, 225, 226, 
227, 235, 236. 238, 239, 240, 
243, 246, 249, 307, 308. 

Nathaniel. 412. 

Thomas. 142. 
Sheepscot, ) River, 13, 68, 148, 
Shipscut, (149, 150, 151, 318. 
Shelburn, 310. 

Shepard, Dr. , 46. 

Silsbee, Nathaniel. 205. 250, 251. 
Silvester, David, 400, 401. 
Simons, Thomas, 378. 
Simonton, John, 94, 386 

Mathew. 386. 

Walter, 86, 386. 
Simpson, Jabez, 441. 
Situate, sec Scituate. 
Skillings, , son of Josiah, 86. 

Josiah, 86. 

Reuben, 387. 
Skinner, Thompson, Jr., 428. 
Skuduck, see Schoodic. 
Slader, Benjamin. 142. 
Small, Mr. , 90. 

Daniel, 386. 

Francis, 33, 34, 35. 

Francis, Jr., 34. 

Jacob. 386. 

Capt. John, 269, 275. 

Samuel, 385. 

Timothy, 386. 
Small's Town. 319. 



Smead. Mr. , 90. 

Smith, Ami, 320, 321. 

Benjamin, 386. 

George, 86. 

Ithiel, 386. 

John, 278. 

Manuel, 312. 

Capt. Stephen, 41, 189, 193, 
208, 228. 241, 247, 257, 269, 
275, 359, 360. 
Snow, Elisha, 94. 

Isaac, 280, 281. 

Soal, Mr. , 222, 223. 

Soiithack, Francis, 321. 
Spanish Port, a, 258, 259. 
Spoakman, G. W., 402. 
Sper, John, 379. 
Spooner, Walter, 402. 
Sprague, Joseph. 259, 260. 

Tcrah, 269, 275. 
Springer, David, 266. 

John. 99. 102, 183, 266. 

John, Jr., 266. 

William, 26G. 
Springfield, 340, 475, 476, 477. 
Stunford, James, 86. 

Joseph, 86, 386. 

Josiah, 387. 

Josiah, Jr., 86. 

Richard, 386. 

Robert, 387. 

Robert, Jr.. 86. 385. 

Thomas, 385. 

Samuel, 378. 

William. 86. 
Staples, Nathaniel, 85, 87, 385, 
387. 

Nathaniel, Jr., 85. 

Peter, 386. 
Starkweather, Ephraim, 91. 
Starret, Col. Thomas, 357, 358, 

364, 379. 
States, the, see United States. 
Stephen, George, 11. 
Stcrlington, 432. 
Stevens, Elizabeth, 326, 327. 

John, 410. 
Stewart, James, 222. 
Stillman, Maj. George, 128. 189, 

190, 284, 356. 
Stinson, James, 286. 

Thomas. 224. 

William, 224. 

Stocgdon. Mr. , 254. 

Stone. Capt. , 386. 

Archalus, 386. 

Gideon, 410. 

Jonathan, 386. 



TTs'BEX 



495 



Stone, continiieil. 

Josiah, 91, 175. 
Street, Lieut. , 257, 356. 

T. D.. 351, 352. 
Strout, Christopher, 86, 386. 

Daniel, 34, 35. 36. 386. 

David, 85, 87, 382, 385. 387. 

David, Jr., 86, 385. 

Eleazer, Jr., 387. 

Isaac, 386. 

John, 86, 387. 

Jonathan, 86, 387. 

Joshua. Jr., 386. 

Richard, 386. 

Studholm, Maj. , 287, 351. 

Sturbridge, 340. 

Suffollt Countv, 77, 90, 119, 121, 

122, 128, 235, 436. 
Sullivan, Gen. . 28. 

Capt. Daniel, 187, 227, 240, 
242, 243, 248, 271, 279. 

James, 271, 272, 279. 
Sumner, Increase, 91, 196. 
Sundy River, 230. 
Sutton, 340. 

Swan, Joshua, 229, 230, 231. 
Swanton, William, 149, 151. 

T 

Talbot, Capt. P., 442, 443, 445. 
Taylor, Col. Ezra, 33, 42, 45, 46, 
57. 58, 61, 276, 331, 324, 358, 
362. 
Temple, Richard, 377. 
Templcton, 323, 324. 
Tenney, Samuel, 386. 
Teyly, John, 378. 

Thacher, Col. . 89, 257. 

Thair, Capt. , 121. 

Theobald, Dr. , 419. 

Thomas, Benjamin, 354. 355. 

Ebenezer, 135, 136. 

Joshua, 427, 428, 430. 

Nathaniel, 198, 199. 

Waterman. 65, 89, 160, 330, 
331, 402, 403. 

William, 86. 
Thomaston, 37, 38, 53, 68, 69, 77. 

93, 131, 160. 176, 190. 220. 222. 
263. 330, 377, 432. 

Headquarters. 5. 42, 152, 177. 
Thompson, Benjamin, 378. 

Ezekiel, 378. 

Jonathan, 377. 

Josepli, 410. 

Nathaniel, 195, 198. 200. 202. 
224. 

Thomas, 378. 



Thomson, 233. 
Thorndike, Col. , 210. 

Larkin, 426, 427. 
Thrasher, John, 457. 
Thwing, Nathaniel, 14, 64, 65, 

160. 330, 331, 409. 
Tilden, Elijah, 378. 
Tinkham, Ebenezer, 70. 
Titcumb, Benjamin, 465. 

Gen. Jonathan, 196, 353. 
Tiverton, 361. 
Tobev, , 198. 

Wm., 378. 
Todd. William, 337. 
Tolman, Jeremiah, 79, 94, 376. 

377. 
Tomson, Isaac, 71. 
Topsham, 72, 401, 432. 
Tories, 130, 187, 328, 358. 
Torvey, Jonathan, 224. 
Towns, I Thomas, 10, 45, 46, 61. 
Town, I 
Townsend, 337. 

Harbor, 148, 150 

Headquarters, 318. 
Township, No. Four, 249, 268, 
269, 270, 271, 275. 

No. Two, 104. 
Tracy, Mr. -^, 91, 210. 

John, 402. 
Trafton, Mrs. , 463. 

Joseph, 463, 464. 
Treat, James Elbert, 378. 
French, Meser, 8. 
Tripe, Benjamin, 410. 
Truen, William, 142. 
Truro, 33, 35. 
Tufts, Cotton, 324, 325. 
Tupper, William, 41, 237. 
Turner, Capt. , 151. 

Jno., 355. 

Twitchell, Capt. , 310, 311. 

Twycross, Joseph Lee, 417, 419. 

Lvdia, 417, 418, 419. 

Robar.l, Jr., 417, 418. 

Rev. Robard, 417. 

Rubanl llercet, 417, 419. 

Samuel Goodwin, 417, 418. 

Stephen, 417, 419. 
Tyler, John, 402. 

U 

Tllnier. Philip M., 140, 141. 

Union River, 122, 228, 240, 269. 

United Colonies of America. 

United States, 2, 5. 9. 13. 14, 16, 
51, 52, 56, 60, 80, 106, 107, 108, 
131, 132, 136, 154, 156, 157, 



406 



DOCUMENTAEY IIISTOET 



United State 
158, 191 
222, 228 
257, 280 
320, 324 
375, 376 
438, 342 
Congress, 
130, 136 
178, 186 
270, 271 
326, 342 

Upper Coos, 



s, continued. 
194, 200, 201, 219, 
234, 237, 241, 245, 
300, 308, 316, 319, 
327, 328, 367, 368, 
382, 391, 397, 434, 
462, 465, 468. 

25, 52, 59, 60, 62, 
147, 162, 163, 175, 
218, 232, 233, 265, 
287, 307, 324, 325, 
435, 438, 449, 477. 

the, 310. 



Vasselborough 


379, 380, 


401 


432. 










Vaughan 


, William 


290. 




Veeman, 


John 


386. 




Vermont 


, 310. 








Vernon, 


William, 


143. 




Vernum, 


Capt. 


J. 


B., 428. 




Vessels, 




3 


, 6, 13, IS 


, 26 


Coasters 


, 


27 


28, 31, 3 


2,32 


Cruisers 




57 


58, 59, 6 


2,63 


Privateers, 


66 


73, 74, 78,79 


Transports, 


84 


, 88, 89, 


107 


Wlialeboats, 


112,117,125 


126 


130, 


137, ] 


42, 


148, 149, 


150 


171, 


176, ] 


L78, 


180, 181, 


187 


188, 


196, ] 


97, 


198, 214, 


222 


227, 


233, I 


.36, 


240, 242, 


247 


248,' 


250, ^ 


52, 


256, 257, 


258 


260, 


262, 2 


73, 


274, 280, 


283 


286, 


294, 2 


95, 


302, 303, 


308 


311, 


316, C 


17, 


318, 319, 


322 


323, 


329, c 


32, 


337, 352, 


355 


356, 


365, c 


66, 


375, 383, 


384 


386, 


389, £ 


91, 


392, 394, 


395 


396, 


399, A 


00, 


403, 406, 


412 


418, 


423, A 


127, 


428, 429, 


434 


449, 


450, A 


52, 


455, 456, 


459 


464, 


465. 









Albany, the, 235. 

Allegence, the, 187. 

Black Prince, the, 125, 127, 

426. 
Black Queen, the, 116, 124. 
Centurian, the, 445. 
Civil Usage, the, 386. 
Continental Ship, the, 142, 143. 
Cumberland, the, 385. 
Defence, the, 356, 426. 
Dileware, the, 148. 
Estre, La, 256. 
Fortune, the, 445. 
Gen. Putnam, the, 402. 



Vessels, continned. 

Gen. Wadsworth, the, 386. 
Guard Ship, the, 386. 
Hamden, the, 135. 
Hattie Wheeler, the, 386. 
Hazard, the, 38, 313, 314, 316. 
Hector, the, 125, 127. 
Hope, the, 72. 
Hunter, the, 205, 250. 
Industry, the, 255. 
Lincoln Galley, the, 302. 
Lively, the, 74. 
Mars, the, 179, 180, 283, 284, 

286, 296. 
Miflen, the, 386. 
Nearquowait, 1 the, 32, 33, 

Ncash quo v/oite, I 53, 59, 60, 
Neshquo'.voit, J 67, 108, 

256, 285, 302. 369. 
Nancy, the, 2, 3, 13, 14, 74, 75, 

76, 93, 99. 
Nossa Senhora de Seledade, 

the, 383, 391. 
Orne, the, 403. 
Pallas, the, 402. 
Pidgeon, the, 23, 405. 
I'olly, the, 116, 124. 
Preston, the, 72. 
Prison Ship, the, 272, 352. 
Protector, the, 104, 105. 
Putnam, the, 141, 142, 411. 
Queen Mary, the, 343. 
Queen oL' France, the, 142. 
Roebuck, the, 200. 
Rover, the, 386. 
Sally, the, 383. 
Scnigall, | 

Sinigall, ) the, 73, 75. 
Sky Rocket, the, 98. 
Sparrow, the, 447. 
State Brigantine, the, 142. 
Tartan, the, 179. 
Townsend, the, 197, 211. 
Tyranside, the, 142, 234. 
Warren, ) the, 70, 71, 120, 
Warring, \ 143, 207, 208, 209, 

210, 229, 355, 412. 
William, the, 403. 
Vickery, David, 386. 

W 

Wadsv/orth, Gen. Peleg, 1, 5, 10, 

12, 17, 42, 45, 46, 47, 53, 57, 

58, 62, 63, 68, 70, 79, 87, 89, 

114, 130, 152, 177, 190, 194, 

199, 216, 217, 242, 254, 256, 

261, 263, 264, 309, 336, 338. 

357, 403, 420, 428, 429, 430. 



INDEX 



49Y 



Wagg. James, Jr. 386. 
Waite, John, 465. 
Wakfield, ) 

Weakfield. j Samuel, 269, 275. 
Waldoborough, 141, 432. 
Wales. 432. 

Wales and Davis, clothiers, 446, 
447. 

Ebenezer, 309, 446, 447. 
Walker, Solomon, 14. 
Wallis, ) Capt. Joseph, 18S, 242, 
Walice, j 269, 271, 275, 442. 

Josiah, 386. 
Walpole, 432. 
Wampum, 28. 
Ward, Capt. , 382. 

Samuel, 259, 260. 
Ware, Asa, 142. 
Warren, 432. 

Gen. , 91. 

G., 457. 

J., 210. 

James, 90. 
Washburn, Capt. Isaac, 79, 94, 
190. 

Beth, 428. 
Washington, 47, 48, 133, 134. 

George, 130, 132, 133, 177, 178, 
206, 207, 217, 287, 340. 
Waters, Col. , 412. 

Capt. David, 142. 

Josiah, 405. 

Josiah, Jr., 405. 
Watertown, 247. 
Weakfield, sec Wakfield. 
Webb, Jacob, 87, 386. 

Joseph, 428. 
Webber, James, 86, 386. 
Webster, Jonathan, 85. 

Thomas, 85, 386. 
Weeks, Lemuel, 53. 
Welch, James, 121, 122. 
Wells, 458, 460, 475, 477, 478. 

Nathaniel, 57. 82, 90, 150, 182, 
210, 276, 411. 
West, Benjamin, 119, 120, 121, 

122. 
West Indies, the, 116, 117. 124, 

146. 258, 456. 
West Jonah, 340. 
Westborough, 340. 
Westcoat, Joshua, 386. 
Weston. Edmund, 386. 

Paul. 410. 
Whale-boats, sec Vessels. 
Wheaton, Capt. , 73. 

MaJ. and Col. Mason. 152, 177. 
190, 219, 220, 252, 263, 277, 
279. 



Wheeler. Joseph, 85. 

Nathaniel, 85. 
Whigs, the, 149, 150, 151. 
Whipple, Joseph, 310. 
White, Col. . 382. 

R., 235. 
Whitney, Lieut. Joel, 445. 
Whittaker, William, 222. 
Whitten, Humphrey, 410. 
Williams, George, 127. 
Willis's paper, 306. 
Willson, James, 378. 

Thomas, 377. 

William, 378. 
Windham, 358, 359, 364, 454. 
Wingate, John, 319. 
Winslow, 113, 114, 115, 116, 312. 
338, 339, 374, 422, 432. 

John, 72, 73, 75. 
Winthrop, 432. 

Wisacre, ) Andrew, 104, 141. 
Woiseaker, j 142. 
Wiscasset Point, 140. 
Wiseman, Joseph, 386. 
Wood, Aaron, 353, 406. 

Edward, 71. 
Woodbery, Peter, 34, 35, 36. 
Woodbridge, Benjamin, 74. 

Jahleel, 47. 
Woodman, Benjamin. 294. 

Jn"., 278. 
Woodson, David, 85. 
Woolwich, 160, 330, 331, 432. 
Worcester, 475. 477, 478. 

Newspapers, 170. 

County, 90, 340. 
Wormsley, John, 116. 
Wright, Daniel, 209, 275. 
Wyllie, John, 379. 



Yarmouth, 279, 280. 
Yeaten, ) 

Yeaton, ] John, 269, 275. 
York, 5, 17, 18, 321, 406, 407, 
463, 464, 470, 471. 
County Home, 470. 
Goal, 470. 

Maritime Court, 383, 390, 391. 
Port or, 383, 391. 
County, 17, 18, 79, 80, 90, 130, 
135, 144, 145. 147. 162, 165. 
171, 174, 213, 224. 225. 251. 
275. 289. 291. 311, 317. 321, 
393, 394. 409, 410, 412, 413, 
414, 431, 466, 469, 470, 471, 
473, 474, 475. 
Thomas, 86, 386. 



-, Mathew. 



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