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Full text of "Documentary history of the state of Maine .."

F16 
IVI28d 

V. 




Q . Portland. Maine. 

Accession SOLO BY THE 



COLLECTIONS 

OF THE 

MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

SECOND SERIES 



DOCUMENTARY 

HI8T0RY OF THE STATE OF MAINE 

VOL. XX 

CONTAINING 

THE BAXTER MANUSCRIPTS 



EDITED 



By JAMES PHINNEY BAXTER, A. M., Litt. D. 



PUBLISHED BY THE MAINB HI8TORICAL, SOCIETY, AIDED BY 
APPROPRIATIONS FROM THE STATE 



P O RT L AND 

LEFAVOR-TOWER COMTANY 

1914 



Copyright 1914 
By THE Maine Historioai, Society 



Press ok 
liefavor-towkr companv, portland 



F15 
.VI28d 



PREP^ACE 



'nr^HIS volume brings us to the close of the American 
-■- Revolution, and we now are introduced to the difficul- 
ties which faced our public men in their efforts to satisfy 
the demands made upon them by the sufferers in the war, 
and to preserve public order, a task which appalled some of 
our best statesmen and excited the cynical curiosity of for- 
eign nations, who ridiculed the idea of ignorant farmers, 
fishermen and day laborers setting up and maintaining any- 
thing like a stable government. We have seen the result, 
an enduring monument to the cause of Popular Government. 

JAMES PHIN:NEY BAXTER. 

61 Deering Street, 
N'ovember 3, 1914. 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE OF CONTENTS 



1781 Nov. 10 

Nov. 15 

1782 March 1 

April 20 
April 22 



April 23 

April 24 
April 29 



May 3 

May 6 

May 7 

May 8 



May 9 

May 18 

May 24 

May 29 



June 4 

.June 8 



Order to Pay John Stone and Wni. Grow, 

Deposition of Joseph Hibbert, 

Receipt of and Order in Favor of Geo. Randall, 

Memorial Selectmen of Fryeburg and Re- 
solve on same, 

Petition of William Taylor, . 

William Grow to Edward Grow, . 

Committee of York to General Court, . 

Petition Inhabitants St. Georges to General 
Court 

Resolve on Petition Robert Foster, 

A Short Acct of the Destruction of the 
Town of Falmouth in October 1775, . 

Directing Committee to Lay out Land, . 

Resolve on Petition of Colonel Allan, . 

Damages in & Near Camden in 1779, . 

Petition of Town of Cape Elizabeth, . 

Action on Petition of William Taylor, . 

Appointment of Excise Deputies, . 

Josiah Brewer to Richard Devens, . 

Petition of Selectmen of Newcastle, . 

Resolve on Petition of Town of Cape Elizabeth 

Deposition of John Linnekin, . 

Resolve to Continue Post Between Ports 
mouth and Falmouth 

Resolve Relating to War Stores &c, . 

Petition of Inhabitants of Frenchman's Bay 

Resolve on Foregoing Petition, 

Permission in Favor of Nathaniel Coffin, 

John Lane to the Governor, . 

Petition of John Lane 

Petition of Jacob Ludwig, ... 

Petition in Behalf of Town of Bristol, . 

Petition of Inhabitants of Sudbere, Canada, 

Memorial of Lewis Fredi< Delesdernier, 

Certificate in favor Aaron Babcock, 

Colonel Allan to the Governor, . 

Resolve on Petition of John Lane, 

^Petition of Elizabeth Hall, . 

Resolve on Petition of Elizabeth Hall, et al. 



PAGE 
38 
38 
37 

107 
1 
4 
4 

5 
6 

406 

7 

8 

408 

11 

9 

10 

10 

22 

13 

13 

14 
15 
17 
18 
19 
19 
20 
20 
21 
24 
25 
27 
28 
30 
32 
31 



Till 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 



1782 June 13 Memorial and Petition of Simon Frye, . 

Certificate of Auditing Comtee Late Board of 
War, 

Certificate in favor of Daniel Mitcliell, 
June 14 Resolve in favor Jolin Stone and William 

Grow, 

June 15 Memorial of George Stillman, 

Petition of Inhabts of Sterlingtown, 

Petition of Inhabts of Fryeburg and Other 

Towns, 

June 17 Resolves on Petition of David Strout et als 

Petition David Strout et als Attached, . 

Memorial Simon Frye, . 
June 18 Petition of Saml Sewall and Wife, 
June 20 Petition Juniper Barthiaume, . 
June 21 Petition Selectmen of Warren, 

Resolve on Above, . 
June 22 Resolve on Petition of Juniper Barthiaume 
June 24 Memorial Isaac Snow, .... 
June 24 Certificate from J. Pettingell Majr, 
June 26 Resolve in re Vincent, Indian Prisoner et als 

Resolve in Behalf of Town of Fryeburg, 
June 27 Resolve in favor Counties York, Cumber 
land and Lincoln, . 

Report of Committee on Claims, 

Certificate and Resolve Relating to Claims 
July 1 Resolve on Petition James Avery, 

John Allan to Governor, . 
July 2 Resolve on Petition of Fryeburg and Other 

Towns, 

July 3 Resolve Relating to Beef, 
July 4 Petition Nathl Bosworth, . 
July 6 Certificate and Resolve in favor 
McGlathry 

Proclamation of George Third, 
Aug. 6 Joseph North to Governor, . 

Sentence of Robt Douglass, . 

Remittance of Sentence of Robt Douglass, 
Aug. 7 Certificate and Award in favor Joseph Reed 
Aug. 10 George Washington to Governor, . 

George Washington to Gov. Hancock, . 

George Washington to Marquis De Van 

dreuil, 

Aug. 10 Ezekiel Pattee to Governor, . 
Aug. 13 William Lithgow to the Governor and 
Certificates, .... 



William 



PAGE 
34 

35 
36 

36 
39 

40 

41 
42 
44 
44 
45 
46 
47 
48 
46 
97 
49 
49 
50 

51 
51 
52 
52 
53 

55 
56 
56 

57 
58 
59 
60 
61 
62 
63 
63 

64 
67 

68 



OF CONTENTS 



IZ 



Aug. 


22 


Aug. 


22 


Aug. 


26 


Aug. 


27 


Aug. 


3 


Aug. 


29 


Sept. 


6 


Sept. 


11 



1782 Aug. 14 Certificate of Jeremiah Colburn, . 

Certificate of Auditors in favor Andrew 

Reed et als, 

Aug. 20 Report of Samuel Carr, Muster JNIaster, . 

Col. Hunter to Governor, 

Memorial of Soldiers to Col. Allan, 

Col. Allan to Richard Devens Esqi-, 

Col. Hunter to Governor, 

Col. Allan to Governor, .... 

Order of Court against Joseph McLellan, 

Memorial of Eastern Indians, . 

Letter of Fr. Juniper Berthiaume, . 

Report of Peter Noyes, .... 

Petition Inhabts Massabeeseck, 

Memorial Inhabts First Parish, Scarborough, 

Certificate and Order in favor Thomas 

Thoma.s, 

Sept. 18 Petition Selectmen Town Coxhall, . 

Petition Martha Oxnard 

Resolve on Foregoing 

Resolve on Petition Selectmen of Coxhall 

Resolve in re Confiscation of Estates, . 

Memorial Thomas Porter, 

Resolve on same, ..... 

Resolve Additional to Foregoing, . 

Petition James Avery, .... 
30 Resolve in re Naval Officer at Machias, . 

Resolve Relating to Harpswell, . 

Certificate of Auditing Committee, 

Petition John Preble and Accompanying 
Papers, 

Deposition of Abiel Lovejoy, ... 

Deposition of Thomas Sewall, 
Oct. 4 Action on Petition First Parish, Scarborough, 

Certificates Accompanying Resolve, 
Oct. 4 Memorial Justices Court Lincoln Co., . 

Josiah Brewer to Richard Devens, Esq., 

Memorial of Col. Hunter, 
Oct. 12 Resolve on Foregoing, .... 
Oct. 14 Resolve on Petition Jonathan Bowman, 
Oct. 23 Certificate in favor Schr. Unity, . 

Report and Resolve on Petition Col. Allen 

et als, 

Oct. 21 Resolve on Petition James Avery, . 

Resolve in favor William Albee, , 
Oct. 25 Memorial Nathaniel Wells et als, . 



Sept. 


23 


Sept. 


23 


Sept. 


24 


Sept. 


27 


Sept. 


30 


Sept. 


30 


Sept. 


30 


Oct. 


2 


Oct. 


3 



PAGE 

68 

72 
72 
73 
73 
74 
75 
76 
79 
81 
82 
83 
84 
85 

87 
87 
89 
90 
90 
91 
93 
93 
94 
95 
96 
97 
98 

99 
124 
125 
101 
103 
104 
105 
109 
109 
110 
111 

111 
113 
113 
114 



CIIEONOLOGICAL TABLE 



1782 



Oct. 


30 


Oct. 


25 


Oct. 


30 


Nov. 


1 



Nov. 
Nov. 



Nov. 11 



Nov. 12 



Nov. 


18 


Dec. 


6 


Dec. 


20 


Jan. 


1 


Jan. 


6 


Jan. 


8 


Jan. 


10 


Jan. 


11 


Jan. 


15 


Jan. 


20 


Jan. 


22 


Jan. 


24 


Jan. 


25 


Jan. 


27 


Jan. 


28 


Jan. 


30 


Feb. 


3 


Feb. 


4 


Feb. 


5 



Feb. 



PAGE 

Action on Foregoing, 116 

Memorial Selectmen of Boothbay, . . . 116 

Memorial James Bowdoin et als, . . . 117 

Resolve on Foregoing 121 

Petition James Howard Esq. & Resolve on 

same 122 

Petition James Howard Esq 123 

Resolve in favor Niles Greenwood, . . 126 
Resolve in favor Joseph White, . . . 127 
Report & Resolve on Memorial James Bow- 
doin et als, 128 

George Little to Governor, .... 129 
Appointment Stephen Smith Naval Officer 

at :Machias, 130 

Resolve in favor John Avery, . . . 130 
Resolves Relating to Partition of Lands in 

York County, 130 

Representation in Behalf Inhabts Machias 

Plantation, 133 

James Avery to Governor, .... 135 

Petition Elijah Ayer, 136 

Petition of Timothy Hodgdon, . . .137 

Petition Town of Bristol 138 

Petition of George Smith, .... 140 
Report of Committee in re Lands in Town 

of Sanford, 141 

Memorial of Proprietors of Land in York Co., 142 

Petition of Caleb Davis 146 

Petition Samuel Cobb, With Certificate, . 146 

Petition of William McCobb, .... 148 

Resolve on Foregoing 152 

Petition Settlers on Sandy River, . . . 152 

Petition of Sarah Nason, 195 

Petition of Thomas Child 154 

Memorial Selectmen Town of York, . . 156 

Wm Lithgow to Governor 157 

Petition Elizabeth Wildridge 158 

Certificate in favor Adam Babcock, . . 160 

Resolve in favor James Hunter, . . . 161 

Memorial Caleb Davis and Action Thereon, 161 
Representation of Inhabts of Falmouth & 

Action on same, 162 

Resolve on Petition Thomas Childs, . . 165 

Petition Selectmen of Harpswell, . . . 166 

Petition Sarah Nason, and Action Thereon, 167 

Petition Joseph McLellan, .... 168 



OF CONTENTS 



XI 



1783 Feb. 7 Resolve to Tax County of Cumberland, . 
Allowance to Collectors of Excise, 
^Message of Governor, .... 
Feb. 8 Petition Inhabts Town of Arundel, . 

Memorial Simeon Mayo and Resolve thereon 

Resolve on Petition Timothy Hodgdon, . 

Order Relating to Collectors of Excise, . 

Resolve in re Allowance of Collectors, . 

John Sewall Jr. to Governor, . 

Resolve Relating to Indians, . 

Resolves in re Abatement and Assessments 

of Taxes 

Resolve Relating to Trespassers, . 
Resolve on Petition of Samuel Cobb, . 
Resolve in re Incorporation of Pearsontown 
Resolve on Petition Elizabeth Wildridge, 
Affidavit in Rittal Case, .... 
George Washington to General Court, . 
Petition James Hunter, .... 
Notice to Selectmen Town of Windham, 
Representation of Selectmen Accompany 

ing Above 

David Sewall to Tristram Dalton, . 
Resolve on Petition Capt. Henry Dyer, . 
Resolve on Petition Benja Dunning et al. 
Resolve in re Execution of Martial Law, 
Resolve Appointing Edward Grow, 
Resolve in re Land in Plantation Little Falls 
James Lunt to John Avery, . 
Resolve Relative to Land in Plantation 

Little Falls, 

Certificate of Indebtedness of Absentees, 
Resolves in re Military Affairs, . 
Petition of General Heath, . 
Resolves on Petition of Richard Devens Esqr 
Appointment Richard Codman et als Ap 

praisers Waldo Estate, 
Certificate in Favor John Bane, . 
Mar. 24 Memorial and Petition John Hovey, . 
The Governor to General Court, . 

Letter Enclosed, 

Mar. 28 Receipts and Reports in re Absentees 

Estates,. 

April 7 Petition Jona Bean et al. Little Falls, . 
April 12 John Allan to Governor, .... 
April 16 John Allan to Governor 



Feb. 


10 


Feb. 


11 


Feb. 


13 


Feb. 


15 


Feb. 


17 


Feb. 


19 


Feb. 


20 


Feb. 


21 


Feb. 


22 


Feb. 


24 


Feb. 


25 


Feb. 


28 


Mar. 


1 


Mar. 


11 


Mar. 


12 


Mar. 


17 


Mar. 


18 


Mar. 


19 


March 



PAGE 
170 
171 
171 
172 
174 
176 
177 
178 
179 
180 

181 
184 
183 
185 
187 
186 
187 
189 
190 

190 
191 
193 
194 
194 
196 
197 
198 

199 
200 
201 
203 

205 

208 
210 
211 
213 
213 

214 
216 
217 
218 



OHEONOLOGICAL TABLE 



1783 April 17 

April 18 

April 25 
May 

May 10 

May 12 

May 13 

May 20 

May 26 

June 4 

June 10 

June 11 

June 16 

June 16 

June 19 

June 23 

June 30 

June 29 

July 2 

July 10 

July 25 

Sept. 13 

Sept. 15 

Sept. 16 

Sept. 22 

Sept. 23 

Sept. 24 



Sept. 25 

Sept. 26 

Sept. 29 

Oct. 1 



John Allan to Governor, .... 
John Allan to Governor, .... 
Advice of Governor Respecting John Allan 
John Allan to Governor, .... 
Petition of Daniel Small et als, . 
Petition Selectmen of Newcastle, . 

Return of Votes, 

Petition Town of Waldoborough, . 
Memorial Grantees Townships No. One to 

Six, .... 

Statement of Account, . 
Petition Joseph Bertheaume, 
Resolve on Foregoing, . 
Petition John Bane, . 
Address of General Washington, 
Acceptance Treasurer's Accts. Town of 

York 

Remonstrance of John Dillaway, . 
Resolve in re Estate Francis Waldo, 
Resolve in Favor John Bane, . 
Rasolve on Petition of Benj. West, 
Action on Petition John Hovey, . 
Petition of John Bakman, 
Report on Petition of Wra McCobb 

Action Thereon 

Address of General Court to George Wash 

ington, 

Receipt from William Howard, 

State of the Several Accts. of Thomas Child 

Petition Selectmen of Thomaston, 

Josiah Brewer to Governor, . 

Petition and Remonstrance of Enoch Free 

man et al, . 
Memorial Inhabts of Boothbay, 
Petition Town of Bristol, 
Petition Josiah Waters Jr., . 
Action on Foregoing Petition, 
Certificate in Favor Joseph Marquand, . 
Certificate in favor Ezekiel Tarbox, . 
Certificate in favor Joseph Barrell, 
Petition William Lermond, . 
Certificate Tristram Dalton, . 
Certificate in favor Elias Haskell Derby, 
Certificate in favor Elias Haskell Derby, 
Certificate in favor Jona Gardner 3<i, . 
Certificate in Favor Elias Haskell Derby, 



and 



PAGE 

219 
220 
221 
221 
222 
224 
226 
227 

229 
231 
231 
233 
234 
234 

250 
327 
250 
251 
252 
252 
253 

254 

255 
256 
257 
259 
261 

262 
263 
264 
266 
267 
280 
281 
286 
268 
286 
281 
282 
283 
284 



OF CONTENTS 



Xlll 



783 


Oct. 


1 




Oct. 


4 




Oct. 


6 




Oct. 


9 



Oct. 17 



Oct. 18 

Oct. 21 

Oct. 22 

Oct. 24 

Oct. 27 

Oct. 28 

Oct. 31 

Nov. 23 

Dec. 8 

1784 Jan. 9 

Jan. 23 



Jan. 23 



Feb. 


12 


Feb. 


19 


Feb. 


20 


Mar. 


2 


March 





PAGE 
Certificate in Favor Elias Haskell Derby, . 284 
Petition Selectmen of Berwick, . . . 271 
rklemorial Town of Bowdoinham, . . . 268 
Petition Settlers on Saco River, . . . 271 
Certificate in favor Elias H. Derby, . . 282 
Certificate in favor Stephen Higginson, . . 285 
Certificate in favor Benj. Lovett Jr., . . 287 
Certificate in favor George Cabot, . . . 288 
Certificate in Favor John Lovett, . . . 288 

Petition Josiah Brewer 273 

Report of the Committee on the Petition 

of Inhabitants of Machias and Resolve 

Thereon, 

Action on Petition Wm. Lermond, . 
Certificate in Favor Melzar Sampson, . 
Petition of Josiah Brewer, . 
Petition Town of Bristol, 
An Act Relating to Titles, 
Certificate in favor Thomas Stevens, . 
Further Resolve Relating to Titles, 
Account Josiah Brewer, .... 
Thomas INIifflin to Governor in re Treaty of 

Paris, 

Affidavits, 

Land at Falmouth declared Forfeited to the 

Commonwealth, 

Petition for a Township, .... 
Petition of Peleg Wadsworth and Others for 

Purchase of a Township on Penobscot 

River, ....... 

Govr's Message 

Petition for a Township Between Kenne 

beck and Penobscot, .... 
Petition of Francis Shaw, 
Petition of Town of Bridgeton, 
Resolve on Petition of Francis Shaw, . 

Govr's Message 

Petition of John Peirce, .... 
Resolve on the Petition of Josiah Brewer, 
Remonstrance of Inhab. of Lower Town of 

St. Georges 

Remonstrance of Inhab. of Thomaston and 

Lower Town of St. Georges, 
Affidavit of John INIcIntyre and William 

Lermond 

Remonstrance of John Dillaway, . 



305 
275 
307 
308 
270 
275 
309 
278 
274 

279 
280 

309 
310 



311 
363 

312 
313 
365 
314 
366 
314 
315 

323 

324 

326 

327 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 



1784 March 

March 

Mar. 5 
Mar. 10 

Mar. 12 
Mar. 13 
Mar. 15 



Mar. 


18 


Mar. 


10 


Mar. 


20 


Mar. 


22 


Mar. 


23 


Mar. 


25 


April 


20 


]\Iay 


12 


May 


14 


May 




May 


24 


May 


26 


May 


28 


May 


29 


June 




June 


1 



June 



1784 June 



A Bill to prevent the Destruction of Alewives 

in the Town of Warren, . 
Resolve for Laying Out Towns on the River 

St. Croix 

Preservation of Lands in Eastern Counties, 

Respecting Continental Money, . 

Jedediah Preble's Claim, 

Petition of Inhabitants of Bridgetown, . 

Re: Petition of Hugh Hill, . 

Resolve Empowering the Committee of York 

& Cumberland Appointed on Eastern 

Lands to Consider the Pejepscot Claims, 
Bill Granting a Lottery to the Inhabitants 

of Fryburgh, 

Memorial and Objection of the Inhabitants 

of Mount Desert, 

Govr's Message 

Govr's Message 

Objections to fixing the Court at Machias, 

Re: Georgetown & Bath, 

Resolve Concerning the Artillery in the 

Garrison at Penobscot, .... 

Govr's Message, 

Petition of Thomastown, .... 
Memorial and Objections to the Petition of 

Inhabitants of Machias, 
Answer to Remonstrants, 
Petition of Town of Oxford, . 
Account of the County of Cumberland 

Against the Commonwealth, 
Inventory of Public Stores, . 
Petition of Pelatiah Warren and Others, 
James Lunt to John Avery Jr. Esq., . 
Proceedings of Delegates from Mt. Desert 

and Other Places 

Petition of Juniper Berthiaume, . 

Petition of Thos Oxnard 

Act Regulating Proceedings of Proprietors 

of Townships, 

Petition of John Allan for Land in Passa 

maquody, 

Annexation of St Georges Lower Town to 

Warren 

Petition of Samuel Pendleton, 

Petition of a Number of Masters of Coast- 



PAGE 

328 

316 
367 
370 
371 
372 
373 



317 

319 

329 
375 
376 
331 
377 

334 

378 
378 

335 
337 
379 

350 
321 
342 
342 

343 
385 
386 

386 

351 

381 
382 



OF CONTENTS 



XV 



ing Vessels 

Petition of Juniper Berthiaurae, . 
June 10 Petition of the Court of Sessions of Cum 

berland County 

June 12 Report of Committee 

Bill to Establish a Court at Machias, . 
June 21 Petition for Grant of Tract of Land on the 

River Cobscook 

June 30 House Journal 

Bill explaining the Laws Respecting the 

Assessment of Taxes, .... 

July 2 Petition of Pelatiah Warren & Others, and 

action on same, 

July 7 Report of Committee on Lands in the 

County of Lincoln, .... 

Act empowering the Govr to renew the 

License of certain Absentees, . 

Re: Eastern Boundary 

Aug. 23 Selectmen of Harpswell Petition, . 

Aug. 25 Re: Light House Money From the Port of 

York 

Sept. 20 Resignation of Edw<i Grow, . 

Towns which have returned their valuation 
Nath Wyman's Petition, .... 
Petition of William Jones of Bristol, . 
Petition of Plantation of Raymonton, . 
Petition of John Waite et al — Light House 
Petition of Nicholas Crosby, . 
Petition of Inhabitants of Scarborough, . 
Memorial of the Justices of the Lincoln 

Court of Common Pleas, . 
Memorial and Petition of Samuel Goodwin 

and Order on same, .... 

Petition of Ben. Jepson, .... 

Order on Report of Committee of Both 

Houses on Arrival of Marquis de La 

Fayette in Boston, 

Govr's Message, 

Treasurer Not to Issue Soldiers Notes Un- 
less on Attested Orders, . . . . 
Nov. 17 Petition of Inhabitants of Topsham and 
Memorial of The Inhabitants of the Town 

of Brunswick, 

1785 Jan. 12 Petition of Isaiah Cole and Colonel Henry 
Jacksons Certificate of the Servitude of 

Isaiah Cole 

Jan. 13 Petition of Eliah Royall, 



Oct. 

Oct. 8 

Oct. 12 



Oct. 


14 


Oct. 


18 


Oct. 


20 


Nov. 





PAGE 

383 
384 

349 
344 
345 

389 
390 

392 

394 

354 

356 
396 
397 

397 
357 
358 
358 
359 
360 
361 
363 
398 

399 

400 
404 



405 

405 

406 



464 



409 
410 



XVI 



CHEONOLOOICAL TABLE 



1785 Jan. 21 



Feb. 



Feb. 


4 


Feb. 


7 


Feb. 


15 


Feb. 


19 


Feb. 


25 



Mar. 



Mar. 



Mar. 
Mar. 



5 
15 



Mar. 16 



Nov. 18 



PAGE 

Order Appointing a Valuation Com. & their 

Report, 412 

Petition of Some of the Inhabitants of 
Sheepscot River in the Town of Pownal- 

boro 416 

Petition of Silas Barnes & Answer to same, 434 
Petition First Parish in Falmouth, . . .419 

A Bill for Naturalization 422 

Clerk Court of Com. Pleas Lincoln County, . 417 

Lieut Governors Message, .... 418 
Extract of a Letter from the Hon Rufus 
King to the President of Senate Taken by 
Direction of the Senate — Re: Eastern 

Boundary, 432 

Petition of Sundry Soldiers of the Late Con- 
tinental Army For Lands Near Otistield, . 423 
Petition of Hector McNeil and Others re 

:\Iaps, 429 

Petition of the Officers of the Army, . . 426 
Petition of Lewiston Plantation & Answer 

to Same 436 

Petition of John Curtis 439 

Order of Court, 441 

Hodgkins vs. Curtis and Askins, . . . 443 

Deposition of Moses Hodgkins, . . . 445 

Deposition of Agreen Crabtree, . . . 447 

Deposition of John Hamor, .... 450 

Deposition of John Hart 452 

Permission Granted to Philip Hodgkins, . 453 

Sureties Furnished, 454 

Deposition of John Tilley, .... 455 

Deposition of Will"" Lithgow Junr, . . 456 

Deposition of John Augusta Dunn, . . . 457 

Deposition of William Downe, .... 459 
Order of Notice on Petition of John Curtis 

of Falmouth, 463 

Petition of Elizabeth Goldthwait, . . .435 
A Bill Conferring the Rights of Citizenship 

to the Marquis De La Fayette, . . . 248 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



OF THE 



STATE OF MAINE 



Petition of William Taylor. 

To the Honble Senate «Sv: the honble House of Representatives 
for the Commonweal til of ]\Iassachusetts in General 
Court assembled 
T[ The Petition of William Taylor Esquire of Milton in 
the county of Suffolk ^ Humbly shews ^ That on the 
thirteenth day of November one thousand seven hundred and 
sixty seven, your Petitioner being- indebted to Thomas Lane 
Esq"" of London in the sum of one thousand nine hundred 
and twenty one pounds eleven Shillings, lawful money, he 
gave his bond for that sum upon interest, to said Lane, and 
as a collateral security for the payment thereof he gave his 
deed of mortgage of the following lotts of land, viz' a Lott 
of land called No. 18 lying in Pownalborough containing 
thirty two hundred acres, also two lotts of land calFd N° 11, 
& N" 68. both lying in Hallowell containing four hundred 
acres each, also one other lott of land marked N° 1.5 lying in 
Gardineston, containing five thousand acres — 

That M"" Lane sued out the said Bond and at the Sup"" 
Court of Judicature held at Boston for the county of Suffolk 
in February 1772 recovered judgment thereon against your 
Petitioner for the sum of two thousand four hundred and 
fourteen pounds fifteen shillings lawful money. And Rich- 
ard Lechmore esquire as agent & attorney to said Lane was 
very pressing upon your Petitioner for the money, but the 



2 DOCrilENTARY IIKSTOEY 

times heing then difficult it was ont of his power to discharge 
the said Judgment, and he was oblidg'd in order to satisfy 
the said Lechmere, on the second day of June 1772, as a 
further security for s** debt to give his other mortgage to said 
Lane of three other tracts of land viz* a Lott of land marked 
A 1. lying in Winslow containing six thousand five hundred 
and eighty acres, Also of a Lott of land marked B E 1. con- 
taining seven thousand two hundred acres, and also of a lott 
of land marked C C 2. containing seven thousand two hun- 
dred acres, Iwth lying higher up Kennebeck River 1[ That 
the first mentioned thirty two hundred acre lott of land as 
your Petitioner then thought and still conceives was the full 
value of his said debt. Notwithstanding which your Peti- 
tioner to pacify IMr Lechmere & procure his further for- 
bearance mortgaged all the other l)efore mentioned tracts of 
land ; But Mr. Lechemere not content therewith was so hard 
and cruel as to insist upon having some further security, 
whereupon to avoid an arrest the said Taylor made an addi- 
tional mortgage to the said Lane of one twenty fourth part 
of all the undivided lands belonging to the proprietors of the 
Kenneck purchase being all his right therein. 

The said William humbly begs leave to represent that a 
great part of the land above described is charg'd with the 
pa}Tnent of taxes, and has in fact been sold at publick vendue 
by the collector for that purpose, the time of redemption is 
now almost expired, and unless some provision is made to 
recover the said estate a total loss thereof must ensue as well 
in regard to your petitioner as all others therein concern'd 
^ He has no disposition to defraud his creditors and for 
three years past has been indefatigable in his endeavours to 
make such an adjustment as will give satisfaction to them and 
do justice to himself — the said lands could be sold for a sum 
far exceeding the debt, but in these circumstances it cannot 
be accomplished — Wherefore he prays that this Ilon'''^ Court 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 6 

M^oiild authorize some person or persons to discharge the said 
mortgages upon payment of the said debt, and dispose of the 
monies arising therefrom in such manner as may hereafter 
be decreed — he would observe that John Rowe Esq"" had a 
general power of Attorney from Mes"" Lane & Compy but he 
is informed by Counsel in the law that the same is insuffi- 
cient to discharge the said incumbrance, which still urges 
the necessity of this application — Your Petitioner is ready 
to verify the facts alleged, and therefore flatters himself that 
your Honors will comply with his reasonable request or 
grant such other relief as Justice may require & if your 
Honors should not think proper to proceed so far in the 
matter as to grant the authority aforesaid, he prays that a 
further time may be allowed for the redemption of said land, 
as the estate of the purchaser within two months from this 
period will be absolute & indefensible or that he may have 
liberty to execute a perfect deed of such certain part thereof 
as may be sufficient to discharge the taxes that already have 
been or may hereafter be assessed — ^ And as in duty 

bound will ever pray 

W" Taylor 
Boston April 20'" 1782 

Lands mortgaged 
Lott containing 3200 acres in Pownalborough 



Do 


400) 




Do 


400 ( 


Do in Hallowell 


D" 


5000 


Do in Gardneston 


D° 


6580 


D" in Winslow 



15580 
D° 7200 } 



7200 \ higher up the River 
400 in Pownalborough 



Total 30380 — acres — 



4 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

William Gi'OiO to Edivard Grow. 

York April 22" 1782 
Brother Edw*^ Grow 

Inclosed I beg leave to trouble you with Sundry Papers 
to present to the House of assembly Relative to Provisions 
the Committee of York Supply'd the Carteel Penobscot 
(Cap* Joseph Hilbert) with Last November — as you will 
Se by the accounts & Deposition ; they have been presented 
to John Hopkins Esq"" Commissary of Prisoners, on whom 
they were Drawn, but he refuses to pay them, and says there 
is a Resolve of Court that all Such Demands must be Laid 
before the House of assembly for payment — therefore we 
have Sent a pettion to Lay before the House for that Purpose 
and beg the favour you would present it and urge the Pay- 
ment of it together with the Charge we have been at, which 
you will See on the back of the Last accounts, you may In- 
form the House that the Carteel Did not Sail from this 
Harbour till the IS"' of November by Reason of Contrary 
winds — our famely & yours are well, this from your 

Brother — 

William Grow 



Committee of York to General Court. 

To the Hon'''® the Senate & house of Representatives of the 
Commonwelth of Massachusetts now Setting, 
Your Petitioners Humbly Shews — | That on the tenth 
of Nov"" last a carteel came into York harbours in distress 
haveing no provisions with upward of Forty men On board, 
as by the Depositions of the Masters and two Passengers on 
the Eleventh ult. put to sea after being Supplied with Neces- 
saries, on the Fifteenth were drove back by contrary winds 
and Appli'd for further Supplies which was granted as may 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



be seen by Reisepts witli orders, Drawn on Jobn Hopkins 

Esq*" for the payment, which he Refuses to pay. Therefore 

your Petitioners pray, that payment may be made in such 

way and manner as your Honours shall think best. As your 

Petitioners in Duty bound Shall ever Pray — 

M Stone I 

William Grow \ Com. of York 
York April 22^ 1782 



Petition Inhabitants St. Georges to General Court. 

St Georges April the 22 1782 
To the Honorable Senate & the Hon'''^ House of Representa- 
tives in General Court Assembled, sitting at Boston this 
present year — 
^ The humble petition of the Inhabitants of the Lower 
Town of St Georges send greeting — | Gentlemen, We the 
Subscribers would beg leave to address your Hon" in behalf 
of the Town and set forth our present distressed situation by 
Reason of the Enemy's Excursions among us, taking our 
Coasting Vessels, destroying our Fishing Boats plundering 
Houses and Commiting all manner of Hostilities we would 
beg leave to Acquaint your Hon''^ that we have no Vent for 
any Sort of Lumber, nor no possibility of Carrying on any 
Trade among us Which renders us unable to support our 
families. Much less to pay Taxes, We would also Acquaint 
your honors that we believe there has been Some ^lisrepre- 
sentation made at Court concerning this plantation, which is 
manifest from the last Tax bill which is al)ove three times 
more than it used to bo, in proportion to other Towns, we 
would further acquaint your Hon" that we would be Willing 
to pay our Taxes with the greatest pleasure & support the 
Common Cause to the best of our ability provided wc had 



b DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

protection by Sea, that we may get off our Lumber, there- 
fore we flatter ourselves from your Honor's humanity 
towards the distressed, that you will Consider our Case, and 
either send some Armed Vessels to protect us, or Excuse us 
from paying Rates, otherwise we must be Reduced to the 
greatest Extremity. We Request that your Honor's will 
Grant this our petition, for which your Honor's petitioners 

will ever pray — 

William Young, 

George Young, 

George M^Cobb, 

Moses Robinson 

Committee in behalf of the lower 

town of St Georges 



Resolve on Petition Robert Foster. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the house of Representatives April 22*^ 1782 
on the petition of Robert Foster Praying that he may Re- 
ceive the Back Rations due to him as Quarter M"" of the 
Troops at Machias and his Retain'' Rations while he acted as 
as' D Q. M. G. at that p' ^ Resolved that the prayer of 
the Petition be granted and the Commis"" is here by Directed 
to Deliver to the said Robert Foster the Rations due to him 
as Q. M. of the Troops at Machias from the 23 Day of Jan'' 
1778 to the IC" Day of May following it being 112 Days, 
and also his Retain** rations while he acted as as' D. Q. M. 
G. from May 5'" 1780 to the 31 Day of Jan^ 1781 it being 
271 Days A 

Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 7 

In Senate April 23'' 1782 

Read & Concurred with Amendment at A. 
Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid* 

at A "the same to be charg'd to the United States in part of 
the requisition for Money for the pres^ year" 

In the House of Representatives April 23"* 1782 
Read & concurred 

Nath Gorham Speaker 

Approv'd John Hancock 



Directing Committee to Lay Out Land. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives April 2-4, 1782 
Whereas the General Court by a Resolution dated the 21^' 
of Sepf 1780 granted to the Hon"^'" Arthur Lee Escf Six 
thousand Acres of unappropriated Lands in this State, lying 
Eastward of Saeo River, to be laid out either in one or two 
Pieces adjoining to some other Grant or Grants, in full Com- 
pensation for his Services as mentioned in the said Resolu- 
tion. And the Hon^'^ Benjamin Chadbourue Esq"" & ^[oses 
Little Esq"^ were appointed a Committee to lay out the same 
at the Expense of this State & return a Plan of the Same as 
soon as may be T[ And whereas by the bodily Indisposition 
of the said Moses Little which he still labours under the said 
Land hath not yet been laid out agreeable to the said Reso- 
lution If Therefore Resolved that Xath' Wells I^sq'' and 
Capt Moses Greenleaf be & they are hereby added to the said 
Committee and the said Committee or the Major part of them 
are empowered & directed to lay out the said Land in pur- 
suance of the Resolution of the 21 of Sepf aforesaid »i' re- 



» DOCUMENTARY HISTOKY 

turn a Plan thereof by a Surveyor & Chainman under oath 
to the general Court for Confirmation as soon as may be 
Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
In Senate April 24*^ 1782 
Read & Concurred 

S Adams Presid^ 
Approv'd John Hancock 

Resolve on Petition of Colonel Allan. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives April 29, 1782 
On the petition of Col John Allan Continental! Agent, for 
Indian Affairs in the Eastern department, praying for 
Liberty to remove part of the Artillery and Ordinance Stores, 
now at the post of Machias to the River Schoduck in Passa- 
maquody, also a Quantity of Stores for the Use of the In- 
dian Business for reason sett forth in his petition ^ Resolved 
\ That the Commissary Gen' of this Common Wealth l>e 
directed to deliver to Lieut Fred" Delesdernier Agent for Col. 
John Allan, for the Use of the Indian Business, two Months 
Rations for twenty five persons, two Barrells of powder, 
Eight hundred weight of shot & Ball, 500 flints, one Hh^ of 
Tobacco, one pipe of small wine, one Hh*^ of Rum, one Hh"^ of 
molasses, ten Axes & 50 Bushells of Indian Corn — And it is 
further Resolved that there be paid out of Treasury of this 
Common Wealth to Lieut Lewis DeLesdernier, for the use of 
Col. John Allan one hundred pounds, for Contingencies and 
other debts Contracted in Eastern department, and that the 
said articles & money be charged to the United States in part 
of the requisitions of the present year And his Excellency 
the Gov"" is desired to give such orders, with respect to moving 
part of the Cannon and ordinance stores, from the post of 



OF THK STATE OF MAINE \) 

Maehias, to The River Schodiick in pasamaquody or any- 
other ^ part of the Eastern Country, ^ as he shall Judge most 
for the Interest of this and the United States 
Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorhani Speaker 
In Senate April 29^" 1782 

Read & Concurred with Amendment at A 
Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 
at A dele from A to B & insert, place within Col° Aliens 
Department 

In the House of Representatives April 29, 1782 
Read & concurred 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
Approv'd John Hancock 

W drawn 24"^ May, 1782 

Action on Petition of William Taylor. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of representatives May 3, 1782 
Upon the petition of William Taylor praying that the 
time of redemption of certain lands in said petition men- 
tioned may he extended further than hy law is allrcady pro- 
vided Resolved that the prayer of said petition he granted and 
that the right of redeeming any lands situated in the County 
of Lincoln, and mortgaged hy William Taylor now of j\lilton 
in the County of Suffolk Esq"" to Thomas Lane late of London 
merchant and which lands have heen sold for the payment & 
discharge of taxes assessed thereon, the equity of redeeming 
which is in the said Williams he and herehy is continued and 
extended to him the said Williams his heirs and assigns untill 
the first day of Decemher next the time limited for the re- 
demption thereof expiring hefore notwithstanding, and he it 



10 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

further resolved that all persons holding said lands be and 
they hereby are holden and compellable to release said lands 
to him the said Williams his heirs or assigns at any time 
untill the said first day of December next in the same manner 
as they by law are holden for the term of three years from 
said sale the said Williams his heirs or assigns complying 
with all prerequisites of law — any law to the contrary not- 
withstanding — 

Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham, Speaker 
In Senate May 4^'' 1782 
Read & Concurred 

S Adams Presid* 
Approv'd John Hancock 

Appointment of Excise Deputies. 

Sir T[ By a law of this Commonwealth, I am as a Collector 
of Excise apply to your Excellency for your apperbation of 
my Deputys — I have appointed M"" Jonas Farnsworth of 
Machias a Deputy Collector of Excise for that part of the 
County & Request your approbation of him — I am with 
Respect your Excel : mostd oblig'' Humb. Serv' 

Tf To His Excel John Handcook 

Hallo well May 3-^ 1782 

Josiah Brewer to Richard Devens. 

Fort Hallifax May e'*" 1782 
Sir 

Yours of the 2^ of Octo^ 1781 Nov^ 8"^ & IS'*' I have re- 
ceived, the Goods and Provisions ware all Delivered to Col" 
William Howard agreable to your Direction, it was so late 
before the Sloop arrived in the River it was not possable to 
git the goods up by water to Fort Hallifax last fall, some part 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 11 

of which I got up by Land in the Winter the Remainder is 

still at Fort Weston and Could not be got up till this time 

by Reason that the water has been very high till this time. 

Grate part of the Indians Remove^ back to there old hunting 

ground last fall and have not got in with thare Springs hunt 

which has lengthen'* out there provision so that I have more 

then one half there Rations by me now. The French Pres* 

went over to Penobscot in march he was to Returne here in 

three weeks with the Indians he is not Return** which makes 

me think he may be taken and carre** into the British Fort at 

Penobscot, I have Ship** on Board the Sloop hope Samuel 

Howard Master Sixty Two moos: Skins two Carrebo Skins 

Thirteen Bare Skins two Woolf Skins One Barrel of Furs 

Containing Nineteen Bever Skins Sixty Seven Saples one 

black Catt Forty Eight musquash two Otter two Raccoon 

Skins and one otter Not in the Barrel which is all the Skins 

and furs of Every Kind I have Received since I left Boston 

I I am Sir With the Gratest Respect your most Obed' 

Humble Servant 

Josiah Brewer Truck Master 
1 Richard Devens Esq. 

If Rec** June 5"* 1782 from Col. Brewer at Fort Hall vf ax. 



Petition of Town of Cape Elizabeth. 

To the Honourable Senate and the Honourable House of 
Representatives in General Court Assembled 

April A D 1782 
^ The Petition of the Town of Cape Elizabeth Humbly 
Sheweth That your Petitioners have been over Taxed by 
reason of a Mistake of one Hundred Polls in our Return 
more than we had in the Town when the list of Polls and 
Estates were called for in the year 1777 or 1778 and by the 
Resolve of Court those Towns which appeared to have paid 



12 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

too Great a proportion of Taxes should be abated in the Next 
Tax for such sums and as the Mistake augmented our Valua- 
tion 8V4*^ on Every Thousand Pounds which we Humbly 
conceive has caused us to pay since that valuation took place 
to the Year 1781 part in Silver and part in paper curency 
to the amount of 7869£ 14y2^ and we humbly conceive our 
Beaf Taxes and Cloathing is in the same proportion as allso 
if any Tax has been Granted by Government Since 1782 in 
the same Proportion all which added to our Distresses by 
Keason of the war Extraordinary loss of Men and increase of 
Widdows and Fatherless beyond any Town in the compass of 
our knowledge we haveing but 265 Eateable Polls left in the 
Town now which causes much of our lands to lie Dormant 
our jSFavigation intirely lost, the Great Sums we have been 
obliged to Give as Bounty for the men we have furnished 
has Caused us for want of Money to Make over part of our 
stocks to them which with all other Extraordinary Charges 
has brought an inormus Debt on the Town wherefore pray 
Your Honours to take the Distrest Surcumstances of the 
Town into your wise consideration and Grant us such abate- 
ment in our back Taxes as in Justice you shall find our Due 
and further pray your Honours to take our Distrest Surcum- 
stances into Consideration particularly our losses of Men and 
Exposedness to the Enemy being only a Cape or Nick of land 
the Enemys Cruzers allmost continualy in sight of us, our 
Extream Poverty, and abate us of the six men we are want- 
ing or stay the Execution for the Average Drill and fine till 
we are able to pay the same for it is impossible for us to pay 
it under our present Sircumstances and Your Petitioners as 
in Duty Bound Shall ever Pray 
By Order of the Town 

Stephen Randall, \ 

Barzillai Delano, ) Selectmen of Said Town 

Benjamin Jordan / 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 13 

Resolve on Above Petition. 

Commonwealth of ]\Iassachusetts 

In Senate May 7, 1782 
On the Petition of Stephen Randall & others Selectmen of 
the Town of Cape Elizabeth, praying that Execution may 
not be issued against said Town for penalties incurred by 
not compleating its' quota of men agreeable to the Order of 
Government of the 2'' of December 1780 Resolved, 1[ That 
the Town of Cape Elizabeth be allowed sixty days, from the 
date of this order, for procuring and compleating its quota 
of Men agreeable to the Resolve of the General Court of the 
2" of Dec'' 1780. And the Treasurer of this Commonwealth 
is hereby directed to issue no Execution, against said Town 
for any deficiency of said Men, in the mean Time, Or if Exe- 
cution is already issued to recall the same, the said Town 
paying all such Cost as hath arisen therefrom — 
Sent down for Concurrence — 

S Adams Presid* 



Deposition of John Linnekin. 

The deposition of John Linnekin of Lawful age testifvcth 
& saith that some time of the faull of the Year 1781 I the 
deponant was at Long Island at ^MT Pembertons where I 
saw Thomas M^Guire of Bristol who said that he the s'' 
M'^Guire came thether in a Canew from Camden, & that he 
the s'' M'^Guire said he was going to headquarters meaning 
Bageduce & that s*" McGuire said that William ]\lcCobb 
Esquire of Boothbay had had a lawsute with ]\[''Guire and 
further that the &^ McCobb had had a Thousand hard Dol- 
lar & that he the s** McGuire said to the ]\Ien of an Armed 
Boat from Bageduce there was a fine opportunity for them 



14 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

k likewise told them there was also valuable Cloaths & house 

furneture and he the s*^ McGuire did perswade the Men of 

s** Armed Boat, to go & rob s** McCobb, & further saith that 

one of the Owners of said Boat asked me the deponant if I 

could pilot him to s"* McCobbs House & told me he had heard 

s" McCobb had a thousand hard Dollars & other valluable 

Good & if we would go we might make our fortune, & further 

saith the boat was designed to go, but in a Stormmy Night 

was cast a drift & finially lost, and further I the Deponant 

heard my sister who was at Bageduce say about fourteen days 

after she saw said McGuire at Bageduce, and further I the 

Deponant in l^ovember 1782 saw said M'^Guire at work at 

the Taylor Trade at Bageduce and knew that he came there 

of his own accord and further saith not — 

John Linnekin 
Lincoln Ss May 8*^ 1782 

Then personally appeared the afore named John Ivinniken 

& made solemn Oath to the truth of the above Deposition by 

him signed — before me — 

Dum" Sewall J. Peace 



Resolve to Continue Post Between Portsmouth and Falmouth. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts — 

In the House of Kepresentatives May 8, 1782 
Whereas Ebenezer Hazard Esq*" Post Master general of 
the United States has by his Letter of the 25'*' February to 
Samuel Freeman Esq"" Post Master at Falmouth, signified 
the Discontinuation of the Post from Portsmouth to Fal- 
mouth Aforesaid ; and Whereas the situation & Circumstances 
of that part of the Common welth, having all certain Com- 
munication by water cut off, & being contiguous to the Enemy, 
which Renders Troops in that Quarter ISTecessary, with 
whome Communication must be Kept up — Therefore Re- 



OF THE STATK OF MAINE 15 

solved that the Post from Portsmouth to Falmouth be still 
Continued. And that Samuel Freeman Esq"" be, and here- 
by is Impoured & directed to Engage Joseph Barnard, the 
Former Rider on that Route, (If he will Engage, & Tf not 
sume Sutibal Person) to Continue riding till Further Orders 
from this Court, or From Congress — And it is Further Re- 
solved, that the Governor be & he hereby is Requested to 
write to Congress on the Subject Acquanting them with the 
doings of this Court thereon — and desiring that said Post 
may be still continued, as Necessary to the publick Good 
Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 

In Senate May 8''' 1782 
Read & Concurred 

S Adams Presid* 
Approv'd John Hancock 



Resolves Relating to War Stores d-c. 

Commonwealth of ]\Iassachusetts 

In the House of Representatives May 8 1782 
On Application from Lieut: Col° James Hunter for pro- 
vision & warlike stores, agreeably to a Resolve of the seventh 
of March last, for the Troops under his Comand in the 
County of Lincoln; 1| Resolved, that Richard Devens Esq"" 
Commissary general for this Commonwealth be, & he hereby 
is directed to forward to s^ Hunter, by the first suitable Con- 
veyance, for the use of the Troops under his Command, the 
Articles contained in the schedule herewith, to be charged to 
the United States, & to be accounted for by s** Hunter. 
1 And it is further Resolved, that the s" Commissary be & 



16 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

he hereby is directed to call on CoP Sam' M'^Cobb, who com- 
manded in the eastern department the last year, to account 
for what warlike stores, provisions, & Camp Utensils were 
delivered the last year for the use of the Department. | And 
it is further Resolved, that the s'' Commissary be, & he here- 
by is directed to call on the several persons, who have received 
warlike stores, provision, & Camp utensils in the County of 
Lincoln, immediately to account for the same. ^ Resolved, 
that the above said Lieu' Col° Hunter be, & he hereby is im- 
powered & directed receive what warlike stores, provisions & 
Camp utensils of every kind may remain in the hands of 
any person, who has received them in the County of Lincoln ; 
the s" Hunter to become accountable for the same, & to give 
duplicate Receits specifying the Article received, one of 
which to be lodged in the Secretary's Office as soon as may 
be. t And it is further Resolved, that the s** Lieu* Col" 
Hunter be, & he hereby is directed & impowered from time 
to time to detach from the men under his Command such 
numbers as shall be consistent with the good of the service, 
& as may be requisite to man any Vessel belonging to the 
Commonwealth, & cruising as a guarda Costa on the eastern 
shore ; s'' men to be detached but for a short & limited time, 
& to be entitled to equal benefit from prizes taken, as the 
men who belong to the s"^ Vessel. ^ And it is further Re- 
solved, that the Agent for receiving Beef in the County of 
Lincoln be & he hereby is impowered & directed to deliver 
Beef for the use of the above Troops on application for that 
purpose from Col" Hunter, to the amount of fifty Barrels. 
Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham, Speaker 

In Senate May 9 1782 
Read & Concurred 

S Adams Presid' 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 17 

Petition of I)iliabilantti of Frenchman's Bay. 

To the Hon''"' the General Court of Massachusetts 

f The Petition of a ISTumber of Inhabitance in French- 
mans Bay having through the Continuince of the Present 
wars more Especialy since the Britans have taken Possession 
at Bagaduce Been Reduced to the Greatest Difficulty Can 
be exprest for want of the N^ecessarys of Life all Communi- 
cations being Cut of from the westerly part of this Common 
wealth, that your Petitioners are Deprest and nearly sunk 
under Accumelated Distress and to add to these Troubles the 
Severe Drouth and Violent fires which we have been 
Exercisd with the Past Summer has nearly Compleated our 
misary, our Hay and Crops being Chiefly Destroyd by which 
means we have Lost many of our Cattle, and are now Unable 
to Persue our Planting and other Calling for the support of 
our Familey this ])eing the Real State of our Case we beg 
Leave to Lay the same before your Honours and Humbly 
Pray the Honorable Court may take our Deplorable Situa- 
tion Lender your most serious Consideration and Grant us 
some Rcleaf Under Such Restrictions and in that way you 
in your known wisdom shall think Best the Bearers of this 
are M"" William Gascoral), Stephen Hardison & John Bane 
who will wait on you & take a faithfull Care of what ever 
you may Please to send for our Releaf Under these Present 
Surcumstances as in Duty bound shall ever Pray — 

Stephen Hardison, Abraham Donncll, Thomas P^razicr, 

Nat Hardison, Stephen Clark, John + Hammond, 

John Springer, David Hooper, John Johnson, 

Moses Abbott, Moses Butler, Francis Dalton 

Benjamin Clark, Tho^ -|- Ash, Thos + Googin 

Reuben Abbot, Judah West, 

Daniel Seamon, Philip Martin, 



IS DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

Resolve on Foregoing Petition. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts — 

In the House of Kepresentatives May 9^^ 1782 

On the Petition of Stephen Hardison & others, Inhabitants 
of Frenchman's, who have perseveringly adhered to their 
fidelity to the United States, & are now reduced to distress, 
praying for some Assistance & Relief; ^ Resolved, that 
there be granted for the Relief of s^ Petitioners, being about 
twenty in number ; & for the Relief of others of like fidelity, 
& in distress at Frenchman's Bay, to be delivered in the Care 
of Mes""^ Stephen Hardison, John Bane, & William Gatcomb 
by them to be forwarded & distributed among the distressed ; 
one hundred Bushels of Indian Corn ; one Hh"* of Melasses, 
& one Barrel of Coffee ; also one doz, of fishing lines, & half 
a gross of hooks to enable s^ Inhabitants to procure fish for 
subsistance, those who receive any proportion of the above 
Articles to be accountable for the same, & to pay therefor in 
proportion as they receive them when ^ Reverse of fortune & 
Circumstances shall enable them to do it ^ 

And it is further Resolved, that the Commissary General 
of this Commonwealth be, & he hereby is directed to furnish 
the above Articles & deliver them to the aforesaid Hardison, 
Bane & Gatcomb, taking duplicate Receipts for the same, 
one of which to be lodged in the Secretary's Office : 

Sent up for Concurrence Nath Gorham Speaker 
In Senate May 9 1782 

Read & Concurred with Amendment at A 

At A dele from A to B & insert, their Circumstances shall 
admit of it 

vSent down for Concurrence S Adams Presid*^ 

In the House of Representatives May 9, 1782 

Read & concurred Nath Gorham Speaker 

Approv'd John Hancock 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 19 

Permission in Favor of Nathaniel Coffin. 

Boston May 18, 1782 
In pursuance of the above Advice of Council an Order 
Issued from me authorizing Cap* Ebenezer Prebble to bring 
the Effects above mentioned in said Schooner but it having 
appeared by a Certificate of the said Cap* Prebble that he 
was not suffered to transact the Business Therefore Per- 
mission is hereby granted to Nathaniel Coffin to proceed to 
Penobscot in a small Schooner called the Humbird for the 
purpose of bringing the Effects of his deceased Brother now 
in the Hands of M"" Robert Pagan to Falmouth in the County 
of Cumberland in said Commonwealth and for this purpose 
only — And all Commanders of Armed Vessels and others 
belonging to this State are hereby directed and all Com- 
manders of Armed Vessels and others belonging to the United 
States are requested not to molest or impede the said Schooner 
with the Effects of the said Coflin on Board on her return 
from Penobscot to Falmouth aforesaid. 



John Lane to the Governor. 

Fryburg May y' 2[] 1782. 
To the Committes of Supplyes in this M S State t Gentle men 
These ar to Certy that The Indians whose Names are 
Jincen & Sawasen have been in y^ Interest of this State 
Ever since y^ present war and are Now going to Boston on 
Publick busines and will Stand in Nead of some asistans on 
ther Journey I mak no dout you will aford them what you 
Can as the Court has always alowed Such Expences no 
doute you will be Leved for what you Suply them with your 
humble Servent 

John Lane Agent for y^ Eastern Indians 



20 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

To the Senate & House of Representatives of Massaclmsetts 
T[ Your Petitioner humbly beg Leave to Shew that in y^ 
year 1775 he was apointed By y® Congres then Siting at 
watertown, agent for y^ Eastern Indians and they ware di- 
rected To me for to set forth their grevences to Government 
Which with Submision I now do for y^ Bu[ ]rer8 in behalf 
of thcr Compney which is about thirty two who Live at Am- 
mascoggen They Say in truth they have been friends to The 
Country Ever vSence the present War and are Now Sufers on 
that a Count and therfore desire they might Have some help 
for them selves and families in that way your Exclency Shal 
think Proper as I have got y^ Indian Sourley they tell me 
they would be glad To have a Peace of Land to improve and 
Leave ther families on wilest the go to hunting as the Can- 
not go to gether in Safty for fear of y^ Canada Indians who 
will Kill them for being friends to this Countrey if they also 
say they would be glad to have a small quantity of goods at 
Ammascoging in some honest mans hands that They may 
perches with their Skins & furs for Want of which they do 
Realy Sufer therfor your petisiner humbley Pray that your 
Excelency would take it in to your wise Consideration to 
grant them some Eeleaf In that way your Honors wisdom 
shall think best your Exelenys most obedient humble Servent 
is in Duty bound to Pray John Lane 

Fryburg may y" 24 1782 
To his Exclency y^ govener of y^ Massachusetts State. 

Petition of Jacob Ludivig. 

To the Hon"'^ Senate and the Hon"'^ House of Representa- 
tives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the 

General Court Assembled 

May 29, 1782 

The Petition of Jacob Ludwig in behalf of the Town of 

Waldoborough in the County of Lincoln Humbly Sheweth 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 21 

I That the Inhabitants of said Town are by their Situation 
greatly exposed to the incursions of the Enemy so that some 
of the Inhabitants have been killed by the Enemy in their 
own Houses, and the Cheif way said Inhabitants had to sup- 
port themselves was by the carrying Lumber to ^farkett, this 
is now entirely cutt off they having lost all their Vessells by 
the Enemy, and thereby all their Trade destroyed ; Last year 
The Drought affected them so that many of the Inhabitants 
have not bread to eat. The cheif of said Inhabitants are 
Germans who are but poor & unable to contribute any thing 
for the Publick Expence 

For the above Reasons Your Petitioner prays the Com- 
passionate Regards of this Hon'' Court that the Taxes levied 
on said Inhabitants may be abated them or otherwise be re- 
leived as in the Wisdom & Justice of this Hou'd Court shall 
seem meet. ^ And your Petitioner as in Duty Bound shall 

ever pray &c 

Jacob Ludwig 



Petition in Behalf of Town of Bristol. 

To the Honourable Senate and House of Representatives in 

General Court Assembled of the Commonwealth of 

Massachusetts 

May 29, 1782 

^ The Petition of Alexander Nichols in behalf of the 
Town of Bristol in the County of Lincoln \ Humbly Sheweth 

That the Inhabitants of said Town by their Situation being 
bounded by the Rivers and Sea almost round the Town are 
greatly exposed to the Enemy and have lost in the Course of 
the War about one dozen sail of Vessells w*^^ is the only way 
said Inhabitants have to support themselves by carrying 
Lumber and the Fishery, and Last year the extreme Drought 



22 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

in the Eastern parts greatly affected the Husbandry that the 
Crops of Corn and the Hay were cut so short as that many 
of the Inhabitants had not Bread to eat ; and the Trade being 
so distressed by Sea, that they could not send Lumber to 
Markett to purchase any. ^ For the above Eeasons and 
many others that could be mentioned Your Petitioner would 
recommend the Inhabitants of said Town to the tender Com- 
passion and Consideration of this Honoured Court and 
earnestly pray that under their distressed Circumstances, as 
to remitt their Taxes laid on them for two years past, either 
in Whole or Part or otherwise grant them such Relief as in 
the Justice and Wisdom of this Honoured Court shall seem 
meet they being in no Capacity able to pay the same, f And 
as in Duty Bound your Petitioner shall ever pray &c 

Alex: Nickels 



Petition of Selectmen of Newcastle. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

To the Hon''"' Senate and the Hon^'^ House of Representatives 

to be assembled in General Court 

May 29''' 1782 

T[ May it please your Honours 1 The Petition of the 
Select-Men of Newcastle in the County of Lincoln on behalf 
of said Town Humbly Sheweth, That the Town of Newcastle 
by a Concurrence of calamitous Circumstances is at present 
in a most Deplorable Situation and under the necessity of 
imploring Relief from your Honours — That the Wood and 
Lumber Trade of our Rivers was before the Commencement 
of the War the chief means of the Subsistence of the In- 
habitants and the only means of bringing any Money into 
the place — That the War at first brought great Embarrass- 
ments upon this Trade and thereby reduced the Inhabitants 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



23 



to the last Extremities for the Necessaries of Life and that 
altho' our attention has since been more turned to Agriculture 
yet from the Barrenness of the Soil and the severe Droughts 
that have been in these parts of the Country for six years 
past (one year only excepted) Our Produce has never been 
near equal to the necessary Consumption of the People — 
That this Deficiency could be made up only by importations 
by water which are attended with such a Risque that the 
Price is vastly enhanced to the purchaser — that the pressing 
necessities of the people (the painful Sense of Hunger) oblige 
them to part with every vendible article of Property at the 
Buyer's price in Order to procure necessary Bread for their 
Families, — That the Scarcity of Hay, Occasioned by the 
Droughts, has diminished their Stocks of Cattle and that 
these, and the many other Burdens and Disasters of the War 
have greatly impoverished them. Your Petitioner would 
further shew, That, Since the Enemy have been in pos- 
session of the Harbour on the Mouth of Penobscot River, we 
have severely suffered from the Encroachments and Depreda- 
tions of these our hostile ISTeighbours, who, beside almost 
entirely suppressing our Lumber Trade, incessantly infest 
our Rivers, with their Armed Boats and prey upon every 
Species of our Navigation from the Lumber Vessel to the 
smallest Canoe that fioats on the Tide — That, hence, we are in 
a manner deprived of the Privilege of the Fishery in and 
about the Mouths of the Rivers, which, heretofore, was Con- 
siderable and a great means of Support to Numbers of People. 
I Your Petitioners would also further shew. That all the 
Measures of Government that have as yet been adopted to 
protect us & Our Lundier Trade from the Encroachments of 
the Enemy in our Neighbourhood have proved ineffectual for 
that purpose. That last year, in particular, the Guards 
Ordered By Government for the Defence of the Eastern parts 
being stationed at Kennebec River, we were left defenceless 



24 DOCUMENTAllY IITSTORY 

and exposed to the continual Depredations of the Enemy — 
That at this time there is not a Single Vessel belonging to the 
Town & scarcely one to either of the Rivers on which the 
Town lies, to Carry our Wood & Limiber to Market or bring 
any Supplies of Provision or Money >to the place ; and, — that, 
as Our Crops were almost wholly Cut off last year, this Town 
now exhibits a most striking Scene of poverty & Distress. 
From a sufficient acquaintance with the Circumstances of 
Individuals, your Petitioners can aver that there are many 
families in this Town that are now, & have been for some 
time, destitute of Bread and have no means to obtain any; 
and that there is not Money Eno' in the Bounds of the Town 
to pay the smallest State Tax now laid upon us & that at 
present there is no apparent possibility of procuring it. 
1 Your Petitioners would therefore humbly Recommend the 
Town of Newcastle, under its present Circumstances, to your 
Honour's most wise, serious and good Consideration, and 
pray your Honours to Grant us that Relief which Necessity 
compels us to ask, Viz A Remittance of the Taxes laid upon 
us by Government the two Last Years and an Exemption 
from State Taxes for the future, till an Alteration of Cir- 
cumstances shall put it in our power (which now it is not) 
to fulfil the Requisitions of Government from us. ^ And 
your Humble Petitioners as in Duty Bound Shall Ever pray 

&c 1 

James Little ] Select Men 

Sam' Kennedy \ of 

Benj Woodbridge Jun"" | Newcastle 

Newcastle May G, 1782 



Petition of Inhabitants of Sudhere, Canada. 

To the general Court of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

I The humble petition of the subscribers Inhabitants of 

Sudbere Canada In the County of Cumberland & the Com- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 25 

monwealtli of MassacLusetts we renew onr petitions Humbly 
Shewing for that whereas your petitioners have Bin much 
Distressed by the Injoyns coming to the Town last Summer 
& killing & robing & leading off our Xabors — which we 
have Never heard of them sence We are much distressed Tn 
our minds fearing least we Should faull a pray Into the 
hands of those Saviges Whose mercys is cruelty We most 
humbly Presume on your goodness being assured by sundry 
Examples of your Compassions that you will Think of and 
pity the Distressed therefore as an object Truly Deserving 
Compassion we most humbly Implore And petition this 
honored assembly To Consider many Difficulties we Labor 
under and grant us a garde of about Forty men To Scout up 
and down Androscoging river And Elsewhere : whare It shall 
be thought most jSTecessary. If we cannot have redress. We 
must Leave our Land on v/hich we begin to raise our bread 
corn And our families must suffer for Lack of bread : It is 
an Excellent track of Land we are Loth to Leave it and That 
we may have redress is what we pray for therefore This 
honored assemblys Compliance will greatly oblige your 
humble servants and they as in duty bound will Ever pray 

Eleaz'' Twitchell Josiah Bean Isaac Ilsley York 

Eli Twitchel Daniel Bean Benjamin Russell 

David Marshall John York James Swan 

Sam" Ingulls Jonathan Clark Jesse Duston 

Jonathan Bean Jun"" Jonathan Bean 
Sudbere Canada May ye 29 A. D. 1782. 

Memorial of Leivis Fred'' Delesdernier. 

Hono^'^ Sir 

Being appointed Agent to Colon' Allen, Superintendent of 
Indian Affairs in the Eastern Department, who has In- 
structed me to Come and Receive what Government may be 



26 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

pleased to Grant him in Consiqiience of his Memorails & 
Representations for which purpose I have ah-eady waited 
five Weeks. 

The Several papers Respecting the said Department were 
Immediately on my Arrival, Laid before his Excellency, 
who judged it most Expedient to Lay them before the 
Honob'^ General Assembly, the time of their meeting being 
at hand, I was directed to wait — 

Since the Recommittment of Col" Allans papers the Re- 
port haveing been Returned & during several day past Coud 
not be taken up, and, fearing that thro' the Multiplicity of 
the Important Business now before the Honob'"^ Hous, the 
Session woud End before it coud be Call up, Impressed with 
this Apprehension, as allso Colo' Allan Deplorable setuation, 
not Only for want of necessary Assistance for Carrying on 
his Superintending business, but even destitute of subsis- 
tance his Store being Exhausted & himself as v/ell as others 
in the Employ is Starving, Also Alarmd at the withdrawing 
of the Indians to S^ Johns, where (Father Henley) an Irish 
Priest is now Exerting himself to Retain them in the British 
Interest, an Insinuating Genius as he is may Probably make 
advantage of the Coolness of the Indians for the Americans 
Viewing them selves neglected — 

These Several Considerations have Induced me to take the 
Liberty in the manner of Informing Your Hono"" of the 
Anxiety I am in to know the ditermination of Government on 
this Subject which Urges me earnestly to Intreat with all 
Submission that CoP Allans Papers may be Acted upon, that 
a speedy & definitive Dicission may be Obtained, as soon as 
possible T[ Having heard first the Report Red & finding 
some Meterial Matters not Attended to I further take the 
Liberty to Solicite those perticulars might be Reconsidered, 
that is Leave of Absence for Col° Allan to Come westward to 
settle his accounts, several Applications have been but no 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 27 

Answer eoud yet be obtained Also Leave to Remove Ar- 

tilary & Ordnance Store to Passamaquody. Likewise the 

Supplys Solicited for Are Curtaild when the Whole are lu- 

adiquate for the purpose of Retaining the Indians in our 

Interest at this Juncture — *; ^^y Solicitude to Answer the 

Intentions of Col° Allan in procuring Aid to Enable him to 

pursue his Instructions from Congress I hope will not be 

deemed Amiss by Your Honour, I am a Stranger & rather 

unacquainted, in this Business, but seeing no Other prospect 

of perfering it to the Hono*" House to which it is referd thro 

You encouraged me to this presumption of troubling Your 

Honour — ![ I am with all Respect Your Honours Most Obd^ 

Hum' Servant 

Lewis Fred*" Delesdernier 

Agent & Secretary to Col° Allan. 



Certificate in Favor Aaron Babcock. 

Boston June 4 1782 
This Certifies 

That the sum of Four hundred & sixty five pounds nine 
shillings 9 pence became due from the late Board of War 
for this Commonwealth the ninth day of July one thousand 
seven hundred & seventy nine, to Aaron Babcock, Esq"" for 
the loss of one sixteenth part of the Ship General Putnam on 
the Expedition to Penobscot, which when paid to him will be 
in full for said sixteenth part and appurtenances. — 

Thom^ Ivers ) Com'^ for settling the 
Pet. Roe Dalton ) a/c of the late Board of War 
His Excellency the Governor cl' The Hon' Council of the Com- 
monwealth Mass** 



28 DOCUMKNTARY HISTORY 

In Council June 5'" 1782 

R** & Advised that a W be drawn on the Treas^ in full of 
the above Certificate agreeable to Resolve of 28"" Jan^ 1782 

John Avery Secy. 

Certificates in favor of Aaron Babcock Esq"" of his demand 
on board of War 
June S*** 1782 



Colonel Allan to the Governor. 

Indian Eastern Department Machias June 4th 1782 
Sir 

My Last which I had the Honour of writing your Excel- 
lency was of the 26''* March, wherein I mentioned my Inten- 
tion of removing from hence, among the Indians — On 
preparing for my departure some difRcultys Arising in this 
place, which had a Tendency of giving advantage to the 
Enemy in their pursuits for this Country, and not being able 
to procure Common necessarys for Subsistence, I posponed 
going untill I received Intelligence and supplys from the 
Westward ; and Dispatched away my Two Eldest sons among 
the Indians as a pledge between us for the present — f A 
few days ago Arrived an Express from the Indians on S' 
Johns River, with Strings of Wampum, to know what is 
Intended by the Americans & French with them, and to 
Agree upon a Generll Conference somewhere between this 
place, & S' Johns — ][ By this received Intelligence that 
about 200 Men with Ten pieces of Heavy Cannon, and Two 
Mortars with large Supplys, were arriv'd at Fort How on 
S' Johns, & there landed, allso Two Ships of War and Four 
other Armed Vessells. ^ By the Information I have had 
previous to this, with a further Confirmation of the News, I 
amagine the Enemy Intends Fortifying ditferent places on 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 29 

S' Johns River to keep an Open Communication to Canada 
that way, and allso to Extend to some of the Rivers on Passa- 
maquodj for oilier purposes — H Twelve days ago an Express 
Arrived from Quebec, Brings Intelligence they were Fortify- 
ing the several posts on S' Lawrence daily, Gen' Haldiman 
was gone from Quebec to Mountreal — ^ Five Weeks since. 
Arrived here from Halifax, One W Lecour a Young Gentle- 
man of the Netherlands Sul)jcct of the Emperour of Ger- 
many, It appears he has been Traveling on Speculation — 
Came from England to Canada, by the papers I have in 
possession he has the greatest Recommendation — Has been 
as farr as Detroit on Lake Erie was EmployVl in some matters 
military under the patronage of Gen' Haldiman. But upon 
His geting Acquanted with American affairs, and Detesting 
the Horrid proceedings of the Britains in IMassacreing the 
Inhabitants in the Back Country, with some other very 
Substantial reasons, he left Quebec Last fall and by Various 
Methodes Goto thro by S* Johns to >Tova Scotia ; from thence 
bro* here by some Accadians of Cape Sables — He Possesses 
Every External Qualitication of the Military and Gentleman, 
and appears otherways Qualifv'd as a man of Superior Seuce 
— Is well acquanted with Every Transaction in Canada dur- 
ing His Residence — He wants much to go Westward but 
afraid of Capture. As no suitable Opp"" Offers, and not In- 
clining to Lett him proceed without some person going who 
will see him safe to Boston — I shall detain him here for 
the present — ^ I shall not Trouble further respecting our 
situation here, your Excellency must fully know it — Only 
as my Duty ; would Acquant you, that for want of ISTecessarys 
k Supplys, It is not in my Power to secure the Interest of the 
Indians — Xor to Prevent the Enemy from taking possession 
of this place and other parts of the Country shoud they at- 
tempt it with very small force — That an Open & free Com- 
munication & Correspondence is daily Increasing with the 



30 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

Enemy & Coiinteneiiced By Every Ranqiie thro the Country 

— I have the Honour to be with respect Your Excellencys 

most ob* Hb' Sv* 

J Allan 

His Excellency John Hancock Esq"" 

In Senate June 13*'' 1782 

Read & sent down 

S Adams Presid' 



Resolve on Petition of Joh^i Lane. 

Common Wealth Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives June 8 1782 
On the Petition of John Lane in behalf of the Amascogin 
Indians praying to be Suplied With a Number of articles — 
Resolved — that the Commis^ Gen' be k he is hereby directed 
to procure the Following Articles (and Send them to Some 
Suitable Person who Resides Near where Said Indians Live 
to be disposed of to Said Indians at a Reasonable Price & 
Receive the pay therefor in Skins or Furrs which the Corn- 
miss'' is Directed to Receive on Account of this Commonwealth) 
Viz, Two Doz fish hooks 5 Guns Twenty Six pounds gun 
powder one hundred pounds Buck Shott & Musket Ball — 
Thirty Three Blankets one hundred Sewing Needles Thirteen 
Indian Knives: Cloth Sufecent for Thirteen pair Indian 
Stockins Ten Doz Flints, Fourteen yards Stufs for Indian 
Peticoats, Twenty pounds Tobaco — Two pounds Vermilion, 
Thirty Three Shirts & Shifts or Cloth Suficent to make them 
and the Commissary Aifores*^ is directed to deliver such of 
the foregoing Articles as he Shall Judge Necessary to the 
Two Indians who are now in Boston — and, it is also, Re- 



OF THE STATE OF AIAIXE 31 

solved that Sncli of the affores'' articles as the Commissary 
Gen' has not on hand — the Agent for this Common Wealth 
is directed to Suply provided he has them on hand — 
Sent np for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 

In Senate June 10'*' 1782 
Read & Concurred 

S Adams Presid' 

Approv'd John Hancock 



Resolve on Petition of Elizahefh HaJl, et al. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives June 10*'' 1782 
On the Petition of Elizabeth Hall and John Freeland pray- 
ing for Licence to make Sale mentioned for reasons therein 
set forth IF Resolved that the prayor of the Petition be 
Granted and that the Petitioners be k they are hereby fully 
Tmpovpered to make Sale of said Land <fc Building in their 
petition mentioned for the most the same will Fetch and 
make & Execute a good & Lawfull Deed or Deeds thereof to 
the purchasor or purchasors they observing the Rules & Di- 
rections of the Law for the Sale of Real Estates by Executors 
& Adm""® first giving security to the Judge of Probate for the 
County of Middlesex that the proceeds of said Sale Shall be 
applied in maner following viz the whole be put on Interest 
for the Benefitt of the widow &: heirs of the Deceas^ and the 
Interest of One third part thereof paid annually to the De- 
ceas'^ Widow as Dower the other two third both principal & 
Interest to be paid to the several heirs in Legal proportion 
as they respectively arive at Lawfull age and the principal 



32 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

of that part the Interest of which is assigned to said widov/ 
as Dower at her Decease to be in Like maner & in Like pro- 
portion to said heirs 

Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 

In Senate June 18th 1782 
Read & Concurred 

S Adams Presid' 

Approv'd John Hancock 



Petition of Elizaheth Hall. 

To the Honorable Senate, and house of Representatives for 
the Common Wealth of Massachusetts in General Court 
Assembled 
T[ The Petition of Elizabeth Hall Relict, & Administrix on 
the Estate of I^athan Hall of Winthrop in the County Lincoln 
in said State, House right Deceasd, Intestate; and John 
Freeland of Hopkinton in the County of Middlesex, Guardian 
of all the Children of Said Deceased — T[ Humbly Sheweth 
^j That the Real Estate of the said Nathan Containing One 
Hundred and Seventy acres of Land being Lott N" Eleven 
in said Town, with Poor Small Buildings, much out of Re- 
pair ; and there being Debts not Paid ; the Personal Estate 
having been Applied to that Purpose Proves greatly Insuffi- 
cient, the Discharge of which, will Require the Sale of a 
Considerable part of said Estate, and what will Remain, will 
be Dayly falling into Decay, in addition to the Decay which 
hath already Taken Place which is Very great, the Farm 
Being New, a great part of the Improvements Newly Clear** 
and the Bushes not Subdued, a great part thereof is growing 
up, that in a Short Time the greatest Part of Said Improve- 



or THE STATE OF MAINE 33 

ments will be Esteemed as unimproved Land, there being no 
fence but wooden which is greatly fallen into Decay already, 
that unless better managements take Place than is in our 
Power to Procure, Pefore the first male heir arives of age 
(Avhich is Fourteen years) the whole of said Farm must ly 
unimproved : your Petitioners who have the Care of Said 
Farm Reside Two Hundred miles Distant therefrom, which 
Kenders it Difficult and Expensive to Look after it ; they 
Humbly Conceive that said Estate cannot be Improv'd any 
way so advantageous to the heirs as the Value thereof in 
money at Interest might be; Debts Dayly Increasing by In- 
terest, the Charges of Administration and Application to this 
Court, being Considerable in the whole, it is therefore Neces- 
sary that Sale Should be made as soon as may be — -^ There- 
fore your Petitioners Humbly Pray that they may be 
Impowered to sell the whole of said Estate (the said Eliza- 
beth Retaining to herself the Priviledge of Dower in the 
Proceeds of Sale) under such Directions and Limitations as 
this Court Shall Judge Necessary & Expedient, and your 
Petitioners as in Duty bound Shall ever Pray &c 

John Freeland Guardian for the Children 

Elizabeth Hall Administra — " 

Hopkinton April 10^" 1782 

The Subscribers (according to their best Knowledge & In- 
formation) are of the Opinion that it is Expedient the Prayer 
of the above Petition be granted — 

Henry ]\Iellen / o i ^ c- 

\\^ u T\rcT7> 1 1 ) Selectmen of 

VV alter M"! arland / tt i • ^ 

T 1 T7I 1 J Hopkinton 

John b reel and f ^ 

Whereas Elizabeth Hall & John Freeland in their Capaci- 
ties have Petitioned the General Court for the Sale of Land 
being the Estate of Nathan Hall Late of Winthrop in the 
County Lincoln Deceas'd, — the Subscribers upon Consider- 



34 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ing all tlie Pressing Circumstances attending the Widow & 
Children, is of the Opinion that it is Expedient, the Prayer 
of Said Petition Should he granted. — 

Grandfather to the 



Thomas Freeland . (.^-^^^^^ ^f ^^j^ ^^.eas'd 



Hopkinstown April O'*' 1782 
To the Coni*''^ for sale of Lands 



Memorial and Petition of Simon Frye. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts To the Hon. the Senate and 
House of Representatives In General Court Assembled, — 
the Memorial and Petition of Simon Frye in behalf of the 
Town of Fryeburg Humbly Sheweth that the Town of Frye- 
burg was not called upon to make a Eeturn of their Ratable 
Property when the Valuation of 1778 was Settled for which 
Reason the s'' Town of Fryeburg was doomed double to what 
it ought to have stood at, as appears by the Settlement of the 
present Valuation. Your Memorialist begs leave further to 
observe that the General Court did on or about the IG*** of 
February 1781 Pass a Resolve directing the Treasurer to 
Stay Executions from the Town of Fryeburg till the further 
order of the General Court Provided the s'' Town of Frye- 
burg Should Pay (in Sutable Season) the one half of all the 
Taxes Sett to s^ Town Since the Setteling of the then Valua- 
tion which was Directly Complyed with in the Paper money 
taxes but Through the great Scarsety of hard money (and 
not through aney unwillingness to bear their Proportion of 
the Publick taxes) they Could not Pay in the one half of the 
hard money tax (as it is Commonly called) Untill the 
Treasurer Sent his Execution for s'^ tax which Execution 
was for the whole Sum of the hard Money Tax Set to s" 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 35 

Frjeburg, and whereas it appears by the Settlement of the 
Present Valuation that the Town of Fryeburg did stand in 
the former tax Book double to what it ought to have stood. 
Your Petitioner Humbly Prays that this Court would take 
the matter into their wise Consideration and Grant Such Re- 
lief to the Town of Fryeburg as in Your Wisdom shall 
Appear Just and reasonable, and your Petitioner as in Duty 
bound shall Ever Pray. 

Simon Frye 
Boston June 13'" 1782 



Certificate of Auditing Com*^'^ Late Board of War. 

This Certifies ^ That the sum of Three hundred & sixty 
five pounds nine shillings & five pence, for the loss & hire of 
the Sloop Brittania & appur. a Transport on the Penobscot 
Expedition and Mas. AYages, also fifty four pounds, sixteen 
shillings «Sr three pence, for Interest thereon, amounting to 
Four hundred & twenty pounds five shillings & eight pence 
Specie is due to Robert Johnson; which when paid to his 
Attorney John Southworth, will be in full for the same — 
£420 .5.8 

Thomas Ivers ) Com'*"® for Auditing the a/'c*" of the 

Peter Roe Dalton ) Late Board of War 
Boston June 13, 1Y82 

His ExcelP' the Governor & the Hon"'^ the Council of the 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 
In Council June 20 1782 

R** & Advised That a W* be drawn on the Treas^ for 
£420 .. 5 .. 8 in full of this Certificate agreeable to Resolve of 
28''' January 1782 

John Avery Sec^ 



ob DOCUMENTArvY HISTORY 

Certificate in Favor of Daniel Mitchell. 

This Certifies ^ That the sum of three hundred & eighty 
three Pounds, ten shillings, for the loss & hire of the Sloop 
Defiance & appur. a Transport on the Penohscot Expedition, 
and Masters Wages, also fifty seven pounds ten shillings & 
five pence for Interest due thereon, amounting to Four hun- 
dred & forty one pounds & five pence Specie is due to Daniel 
Mitchell, which when paid to his Attorney John Southworth, 
will be in full for the same — £441 .0.5 

Thomas Ivers ) Com*^^ for Auditing the a/c*' 

Peter Roe Dalton j of the late Board of War 

His Excellency the Governor &; the Hon'^ the Council of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts — 

Boston June 13, 1782 

In Council June 20'" 1782 

R^ & Advised that a W' be drawn on the Treas^ in full of 
the above Certificate agreeable to Resolve of 28''' Jan^ 1782 

Jn° Avery Sec^ 

Resolve in Favor John Stone and William Grow. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

In House of Representatives June 14"^ 1782 
On the Petition of John Stone & William Grow of York 
in the County of York praying to be paid for sundry Neces- 
saries delivered a Cartel going from Boston to Penobscot — 
*i Resolv** That there be paid out of the Treasury of this 
comon Wealth to John Hopkins Esq"" Deputy Comissary gen- 
eral for the use of the s*^ John Stone and William Grow the 
Sum of Eight Pounds Seventeen Shillings and four pence 
for sundry necessaries deliverd a Cartel Bound from Boston 
to Penobscot as afores*^ A 

Sent up for concurrence Nath Gorham Speaker 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 37 

In Senate June 21, 1782 

Read & Concurred w^** Amendment at A 
at A insert the said Hopkins to be accountable for y® same 
Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid* 
In the House of Representatives June 24^'' 1782 
Read & concurred 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
Approv'd John Hancock 

W'drawn 25''' June 1782 



Receipt of and Order in Favor of George Rendall. 

York, November the IS'" 1781 
Recv"' of Cap' George Rendall one Barrel 1 of Beef k 2 
Bushel 1 of Meel for the use of the Prisoners on Board the 
Penopscot Carteel 

by me Joseph Hibbert 
Please to pay to Cap' George Rendall the Sum of four 
Pound four Shillings Lawfull Money for the undermentioned 
artickells 



To 1 Barren of Beef of 220"' 
To 2 Bushell of Meel 

To John Hopkins Esq"" 
D C G of Prisoners at 
Boston 



George Rendall 

Attest M"" Stone J Com* 

William Grow \ of York 



£ 


s. 


d 


3 


12 








12 






£4 



pr 

Joseph Hibbert 



38 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Order to Pay John Stone and TF"* Orow. 

York Nov' lO''^ 1781 

S' 

Please to pay Cap* John Stone & Cap* W" Grow two of the 
Committy of York the Sum of three pounds thirteen Shil- 
lings & Six pence Lawf Mony it being for Valine Rec"^ in 
the following articles for the use of the Prisoners on board 
the Carteel Penobscot — Viz* 

1 barrel Irish Beef £3:0.0 

2 bushell Meal . 12 . 
^2, foot wood 3 . 13 . 6 

You'l oblige S"" your Hum^ Serv* 
Joseph Hibbert 
Master of the Carteal 

John Hopkins Esq' Dept^ Commissary of Prisoners at Boston 



Deposition of Joseph Hibbert. 

The Deposition of Joseph Hibbert master of the Schooner 
Penobscot a Carteal bound from Boston to Penobscot with 
forty odd British Prisoners on Board and Edward Prince 
and Eobert Perry Sailers on board saild from Boston the 
28**' of Oc* last and the Wind heading them were Oblig'd 
to put in to Cape Ann the 29**" where they by occasion of 
the Contrary Winds lay till the 8'^ of Nov' instant and then 
came to Sale with the Wind at about West North West but 
the Wind shifting the same Day were Oblig'd to put in to 
York HarV the same day at about 4 o' Clock afternoon 
where by Contrary Winds they have been Obliged to lay 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 39 

ever since and being out of Provisions applied to Cap' John 
Stone one of the Com*^® of Correspondence there, who ac- 
cordingly supplied us. 
York Xov^ lO'*" 1781 

Joseph Hibbert 

Robert Perry Lieut of the 
Edw*^ Prince Master of the Packet Comet 
York in New England Nov"" 10''' 1781 
Then the above named Joseph Hibbert Robert Perry & 
Edw*^ Prince who sign*' the above Deposition personally ap- 
pearing and after due caution made oath to the truth of the 

truth — before me 

Dan' Moulton 

Jus Peace 



Memorial of George Stillman. 

To The Hon"^ Senate & Hon''''' House of Representatives 

May it Please your Honors The Memorial of George 
Stillman, in behalf of himself and several others Humbly 
Sheweth, that your memorialist has on Board a Quantity of 
Publick Stores for the Garison at Machias, which is at this 
time Intirely distitute of any kind of Supplys, and having 
had the Promise of being Conveyed by the States Sloop 
Commanded by Captain Little In consequence of which 
your memorialist has been waiting some Considerable time 
for said Sloop, the like has been the Case with the Vessell 
bound with Publick Stores to Kenebunk we likewise are 
Inform'd the Said Sloop has been Some time Ready for Sea, 
& By the best account from the eastward we are able to ob- 
tain the Coast is Clear at the eastward except from Small 
Cruisers, a number of other Vessell are now waiting to take 
the Benefit of her Convoy. Your IMemorialist humbly Prays 
vour Honors to take the matter under vour Consideration & 



40 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Point out such Steps as you in your Wisdom may think 
Proper, & your Memorialist as in Duty Bounds, &c 

George Stillman 
Boston June 15^" 1782 



Petition of Inhab*-^ of Sterlingtown. 

June 1782 
To the Hon^'^ Senate, and House of Representatives of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

The Petition of the Subscribers Inhabitants of a Planta- 
tion called Sterlingtown in the County of Lincoln Humbly 
Sheweth That this Plantation is very new, began in the 
year 1776 by one Family; in the year 1777 two more were 
added ; and has since increased so that the whole number of 
Families and Settlers (including several single men) are 
now Fourteen the whole number of male Inhabitants above 
the age of sixteen doth not exceed twenty ^ That we are 
scituate in the Wilderness at a great Distance from any 
other Settlements, tho' bordering on incorporated Towns, 
through which we have not as yet been able to obtain any 
Roads so as to get any of our Lumber or other Effects to 
market but with the greatest Difficulty — ^ That in De- 
cember 1778 a large barn belonging to Philip Robbins was 
consumed by Fire with almost all the grain raised that year 
by all the Settlers in the Place, together with a large Quantity 
of Hay, which flung the Inhabitants into great Distress, and 
occasioned the loss of ten Head of Cattle in the Winter That 
in the Year 1779 several of our Settlers turned out at the 
Siege of Majorbagaduce as Volunteers without any Pay; and 
in the Summer following by Advice of Gen' Wads worth we 
kept a Watch & Scouting Party at our own Expence 

That several Persons formerly Settlers here have left 
their Habitations on account of the Difficulties in the East- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 41 

ward, and several of those now here, have been drove from 
their Farms on the Island, and other places by the Eenemy. 
That in the year 1779 We were assessed by the Town of 
Warren as adjacent Inhabitants, & their Constable took by 
Distress some of our most necessary farming Tools. That 
in the Year 1780 We petitioned the Hon''"' the General Court 
setting forth some of our Distresses and praying to be ex- 
empted from paying Taxes; in Consequence whereof the 
Hon"'^ Court in 1781 ordered that we should be exempted; 
and that the articles taken by Warren should be returned ; 
which Order has never been comply'd with, though often 
sought for and Requested, the same Reasons still Remain for 
our being excused from paying Taxes, which were set forth 
in that Petition, only that the Town of Waldoborough has 
granted us a Road to be laid out to their Settlement, but is 
not yet laid out nor opened 

Wherefore your Petitioners humbly pray your Excellency 
and Honors, that we may be excused from paying Taxes 
until we are in Circumstances of Ability equal with our 
Brethren in the Commonwealth, and then we will most 
readily pay our Proportion And your Petitioners as in Duty 
bound shall ever pray &c 

Phinehas Butler Joel Adams Jesse Robbins 

Philip Robbins Richard Comings David Robbins 
Moses Hawes John Butler Ezra Bowen 

Jason Ware Ebenezer Robbins 

Matthias Hawes Elisha Partridge 

Petition of InJiab*^ Fryeburg and Other Towns. 

To The General Court of Massachusetts 

The Memorial and Petition of the Committees of Frye- 
burg, Bridgton and Sudbury, Cannada, in the County's of 
York and Cumberland. Humbly Sheweth. that whereas 



42 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Indians Did ou the third and fourth days of august last 
make an assault on the Inhabitants of Sudbury cannada. 
and Places adjoining on and near Androscoggin Eiver. and 
Did Kill Sculp Carry Captive and Plunder some of the 
Inhabitants. The Season is now come, that the Fronteers 
of the County of York and Cumberland are Exposed to the 
Depredations of those Saveges. The Large Lakes and Kivers 
that lay between Sudbury, Cannada and Qebeck. admits the 
Indians to have an Easy access to that Place, and that being 
almost the only avenue by which they can have access on the 
back Settlements of the County of York and Cumberland, 
and if Sudbury, Cannada is left by its Inhabitants to the 
Fronteer from Fryeburg to Brunswick will be Exposed and 
Sudbury, Cannada become a Lurking Place for the Savages, 
to the great Distress of these back Settlements being thus 
Exposed and momently Expecting those merciless Savages, 
to fall on us or our neighbour. Our humble Petition and 
Request, to the honorable Court, is that a Compeny of men 
might be imeadeatly raised and stationed at Sudbury, can- 
nada to gaurd and Scout on the fronteers of the Countys 
aforesaid — We as in Duty bound shall Ever Pray 

Moses Ames \ Committee 

Nath' Merrill of 

Stephen Purington I Fryeburg 

Fryeburg June 15*'' 1782 

Enoch Perley l^ Agent for Bridgton 

Jonathan Clark | Committee of Sudberie 

Eleaz"" Twitchell j Canada 

Resolves on Petition of David Strout et als. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

House of Representatives June 17*'' 1782 
On the Petition of David Strout and others, Matrosses at 
Cape Elizabeth and Falmouth under the Command of 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 43 

Brigadier General Wadsworth, praying that they may be 
allowed the same Wages as were allowed to other soldiers 
under his Command — T[ Resolved that the prayer of the 
Petitioners be granted and that there be allowed and paid 
out of the Treasury of this Commonwealth to the said peti- 
tioners the same Wages as other Soldiers under General 
Wadsworth's Command receive: and the Committee on pay 
Rolls be and hereby are directed to allow the s^ petitioners to 
be made up in the pay Rolls accordingly ; which Simis are to 
be charged to the account of the United States — 
Sent up for concurrence 

ISTath Gorham Speaker 
In Senate June IT''^ 1782 

Read & ISTonconcurred S Adams Presid' 

In Senate June 25^'' 1782 

Reconsidered & concurred as taken into a ISTew Draft 
Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid* 
In the House of Representatives June 27'^*' 1782 

Read & Concurred Nath Gorham Speaker 

Approvd John Hancock. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives June 17, 1782 
On the Petition of David Strout & others, Matrosses of 
Cape Elizabeth & Falmouth, under the Command of Briga- 
dier General Wadsworth, praying that they may be allowed 
the Same wages as were allowed to the Soldiers under his 
C'Ommand Resolved that the prayer of the Petitioners be 
granted, and that the Committee on pay Rolls be and they 
hereby are directed to make addition to the pay Rolls Al 
ready made out by said Petitioners, so as to make the same 
Equal to the Continental Establishment for Men that did 
duty in the Eastern parts of this Commonwealth under the 
command of said General, Agreeable to a resolve of the Gen- 



44 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

eral Court of June 20'*' 1780 The same to be Charged to the 

Accouut of the United States — 

Boston 21 June 1782 

Tliis may Certify that the party of Matrosses under Serg* 

Strout & Brazier did Duty at Falmouth in 1780 in the same 

Manner as the other Troops under my Command at that 

Place Peleg Wadsworth 

To all whom it Concerns. 



Petition David Strout et als Attached. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts To the Honorable Senate 
and Honorable House of Representatives, in General 
Court Assembled, May — 1782. 
Your Petitioners Humbly Sheweth, that they was inlisted 
as Matrosses at the Fort in Cape Elizabeth by a Resolve of 
the Hon""' General Court, in the year 1780 — and was put 
under the Command of Brig"' General Wadsworth, who had 
the Command in the Eastern Department, We did equal Duty 
with the other Soldiers under his Command — We your Peti- 
tioners Humbly pray that your Honors will allow us as much 
Wages p"" Month as was paid the other Soldiers under His 
Command — 

David Strout [ Serjentinbehalf of the Guard 

Memorial Simon Frye. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

Boston June 17''' 1782 — 
Memorial — ^ To the honorable the Senate the Hon"^ the 
house of Representatives Assembled — 
^ Your Memorialist begs leave to lay before your honors 
the following facts — T[ The Town of Fryeburg did Inlist 
and muster four able body'd and Effective men and deliverd 
them to the Superintendent for the County of York, agreable 



OF THE STATE OF >.IAIXE 45 

to a resolve of the General Court, of the 2*^ december 1780 — 
but it unfortunately' happened that one of the men by the 
name of Daniel Gamage was afterwards Claimed by the 
Town of Cambrige and finally Credited to said Town — of 
Cambrige — your IMemorialist finds an Execution against the 
Town of Fryeburg for the fines of two delinquent men, which 
must be a ]\ristake — Therefore your Memorialist Prays that 
your honors would be pleased to take the matter into Con- 
sideration and grant a short time of Indulgence for the pur- 
pose of percuring a man in lieu of Daniel Gamage — and 
your Mem" further prays that the Treasurer of this Common- 
Avealth may be directed to recall the Execution for the other 
Man in actual service. 

And in duty bound will ever Pray 

Simon Frje 

Petit 1071 of Sam^ Sewall and Wife. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate June 18 1782 
On the Petition of Samuel Sewall and Abigail his Wife 
praying for license to make Sale of sundry lots of land in 
their Petition mentioned for reasons therein set forth — 
Resolved That the Prayer of said Petition be so far grante<l 
as that the Petitioners be & hereby are impowered to sell One 
Lott of said land viz N" 124 containing about One hundred 
Acres & lying on Presumsett River — And that a Deed of 
said Lotts executed in common form by said Samuel & 
Abigail shall be valid & eftectual to pass the same the homage 
of said Abigail notwithstanding 

Sent down for Concurrence S Adams Presid' 

In the House of Representatives June 18 1782 

Read & Concurred Nath Gorham Speaker 

Approv'd John Hancock. 



46 DOCUMENTARY HISTOKY 

Petition Juniper Barthiaume. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

June 20^*^ 1782 

To the Honorable Senate and to the Honorable House of 

Representatives in General Court Assembled 

The Petition of Juniper Barthiaume Recollect, Missionary 
to the Penobscot Tribe of Indians — t Humbly Sheweth 

That Your Petitioner was Troubled with Some of the said 
tribe to Let Some of their Chiefs Come on A Visit to Boston, 
But Your petitioner being sensible of the Difficulties that 
would attend them & the Charges that would Arrise, he pre- 
vaild On them not to Come That Your Petitioner has Some 
Necessary Business to Transact here for the Said Tribe. 
He prays Your Honors he may have Some Convenient Place 
Provided for him for Support while he Can perform his said 
Business, and your petitioner as in Duty bound Shall ever 
pray &c T[ Also That Your Hon""^ Would Grant him his 
Wages and Rations for the time past, or that if it be agree- 
able to your Honors to grant him some Cloathing in Lieu of 
his Wages — And your Petitioner as in Duty &c 

F Juniper Barthiaume Recollect 



Resolve on Same. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the house of Representatives June 22, 1782 
on the petition of Juniper Barthiaume Missionary to the 
penobscot Tribe of Indians I Resolve that his Excellency 
the governor and Council Be Requested To take the matter 
under their wise Consideration and make such allowance As 
they in their wisdom may think proper — And it is further 
Resolved that his Excellency the Governor with the advice 
of Council Be Empowered to Draw Such sum or sums of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 47 

money out of the treasury for the above purpose as may be 

necessary 

Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
In Senate June 25*" 1782 

Read & Concurred as taken into a New Draft 

Sent down for Concurrence S Adams Presid* 

In the House of Representatives June 25*" 1782 

Read & concurred 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
Approv'd John Hancock 

Commonwealth of ]\rassachusetts 

In the House of Representatives June 22, 1782 
On the Petition of Juniper Earth iaume Recollect Mission- 
ary to the Penobscott Tribe of Indians — ^ Resolved, that his 
Excellency the Governor be, and he is hereby requested, with 
the Advice of Council, to provide for and accommodate the 
said Juniper agreeably to his Petition in Such manner as 
Shall by his Excellency be judged most proper, 1 And it is 
further Resolved, that the Governor be impowered, with the 
Advice of Council, to draw such Sum of money out of the 
publick Treasury, as may be necessary for the purpose afore- 
said: provided the sum thus drawn, do not amount to more 
than the value of the Wages and Rations which are already 
become due to the said Juniper, together with the additional 
sum of thirty Shillings to defray the Said Junipers expeuces 
during his present Stay in the Town of Boston. 

Petition Selectmen of Warren. 

To the Hon"'^ Senate and house of Representatives for the 
Common Wealth of Massachusetts 
]f The Petition of the Selectmen of Warren in behalf of 
said Town In the County of Lincoln humbly Sheweth that 



4S DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Inhabitants are in a peculiar manner Impoverished and 
having no way to Convey our lumber to a Market which was 
the Avay that we Suported our famelies and paid our taxes 
and the Nevigation being Cut of and Daly Exposed to the 
revage of the Enemy and having no way to pay our taxes 
renders it very Distressing to this town and as thare is an 
Execution Essued from the treasurer of this State and is in 
the high Sharivis hand Against this town for our Quota 
for the Continental armey and as the Resolve of march 
the Second Cleared this County of their three years men we 
Perswad our Salves that their is Sum Mistake thus Circum- 
stenced your petitioners bag your honores to take there De- 
plorable Case into your wise Consideration and Grant Such 
Relief as the good of the Common wealth and thair Sircum- 
stances require and your petetiners as in Duty bound Shal 

Ever pray 

Hopestill Sumner 

William Bogs 

Warren June 21, 1782 Patrick Pepbles 



Resolve on Above. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives July 1782 
On the petition of the Town of Warren in the County of 
Lincoln Resolved, That the Treasury of this Commonwealth 
be, & he is hereby directed to recal the Executions against 
the Town of Warren in the County of Lincoln, as the said 
Town being so contiguous to the Enemy at Penobscott make 
it exceeding difficult for them at this Time to pay the arrears 
due from them to Government. And that no Execution for 
past arrearages be issued, until the further order of the 
General Court, Any law or resolve to the Contrary not- 
withstanding 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 49 

Certificate from J. Pettingell Maj''. 

Boston -Tune 24'" 1782 
This Certifies that John Fhi was delivered to me as a sol- 
dier for the Town of Fryeburg and is now in actual service, 
,if living, and not deserted, the other two men were delivered 
to Col" Crane and I veryly believe they are now in service 

J Pettingell ^Maj' 



Resolve in re Vincent, Indian Prisoner et ah. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate June 26, 1782 
AYhereas it appears to this Court that John Vincent an 
Indian who is not a Subject of this Commonwealth & who 
lately came hither with the said Commonwealth the publick 
Affairs of the Nation to which he belongs is now confined in 
the Goal in Boston at the Suit of a private Person in Viola- 
tion of the Law of Nations ^ Resolved that the Sheriff of 
the County of Suffolk be & he hereby is directed & rc<]uired 
forthwith to discharge the said John Vincent from his Con- 
finement in the s** Goal f 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 
In the House of Representatives June 2(3, 1782 

Read & concurred Nath Gorham Speaker 

Approv'd John Hancock. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives June 26'*' 1782 
Ordered that M"" Frye of Fryburg & M"" Hill with such as 
the Hon*"^ Senate shall join be a Committee to consider of 
the proper measures to be taken respecting the Indians from 



50 DOCUMENTAJRY HISTORY 

the Eastern Tribes who are now in the Goal in Boston & 

report & that said Committee be directed to sit upon the 

business of their commission immediately 

Sent up for concurrence 

]^ath Gorham Speaker 
In Senate June 26'" 1782 

Read & Concurred & Nathaniel Wells Esq"" is join'd 

S. Adams Presid* 



Resolve in Behalf of Town of Fryeburg. 

C^ommonwealth of Massachusetts 

in the House of Representatives June 26**" 1782 
On the Petition and Memorial of Simon Frye in behalf 
of the Town of Fryeburg Praying for releef, an execution 
being sent against the Town of Fryeburg for the hard 
money tax socalled, and also for the fines of two Delinquent 
men both of which Executions appear to be double what they 
ought to have been therefore T[ Resolved that the Treasurer 
of this Commonwealth be and he hereby is Directed to Cause 
the Execution against the Town of Fryel)urg for the hard 
money tax so called to be returned satisfied they Paying one 
half the sum sett against said Town and the Caust of Execu- 
tion and the Treasurer is also Directed to recall the Execu- 
tion against said Town for the fines of two Delinquent men — 
Said Town of Fryeburg Procuring and Delivering to the 
Continental ofiicer one good eftective man within forty Day 
any Resolve to Contrary notwith Standing 

Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
In Senate June 28*'' 1782 
Read & Concurred 

S. Adams Presid* 
Approved John Hancock 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 51 

Resolve in Favor Counties York, Cumberland and Lincoln. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

in the House of Representatives June 2Y'*' 1782 
Whereas it appears to this Court, that the Counties of 
York, Cumberland & Lincoln, are greatly embarrass'd in 
their lumber trade, & have suffered greatly in their fishery, 
in consequence of the Enemy's retaining possession of Penob- 
scot — therefore resolved that the Treasurer of this Common- 
wealth be & he hereby is directed to stay his Executions 
against the Collectors in the afores'd Counties for the bal- 
ance that may be due from them upon the first moiety of the 
Tax of three hundred & three thousand pounds granted in 
Ocf last, untill the first day of Sept. next ; & for the last 
moiety of the s** tax, untill the first day of Nov. next — 
Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
In Senate June 29'' 1782 

Read & Concurred S Adams Presid' 

Approved John Hancock 

Report of Committee on Claims. 

To the Hon"'^ the Senate & House of Representatives in Gen- 
eral Court Assembled 
The Committee for settling the Accounts of the late Board 
of War, Beg leave to represent — That they were also ap- 
pointed by the General Court to settle with the Persons who 
lost Vessells, or had demands on the Expedition to Penobscot, 
& directed to give Certificates for the Sums due to them, to 
his Excellency the Governor & the Hon"'® the Council, by w** 
they received a Warrant on the Treasurer to be paid in a 
Consolidated Note or Loan, which has been acceptable to 
many of those who lost Vessells, & also to some of the Masters 



52 DOClT^rE^'TARY history 

of the Vessells for their Wages, but there are many of the 
Seamen whose demands are small & circumstances such that 
thej cannot consent to Loan the Money due to them for their 
Wages — We therefore hope your Honors will direct such a 
mode of settling with them as in your Wisdom you may think 
best for their Relief 

Thomas Ivers Peter Roe Dalton ]■ Committee 
Boston June 27, 1782. 

Certificate and Resolve Relating to Claims. 

Boston June 27'" 1782 
This Certifies, 

That the sum of Fifty one pounds, fifteen shillings & ten 
pence for the Hire of Sloop Industry a Transport on the 
Penobscot Expedition & Eight Pounds eight shillings & four 
pence for Interest thereon to the 1^* Ins* amounting to the 
sum of Sixty Pounds, four shillings & two pence in specie, is 
due to Samuel Howard, which when paid will be in full for 
the same — £60.4.2 

Thomas Ivers I Com*^^ for Audit** the Acco*^ of the 
Peter Roe Dalton \ late Board of War. 
His Excellency the Governor & the Hon'''® the Council of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts — 

In Council Dec^ 12*'^ 1782 
R'' & Advised that a W' be drawn on the Treas'' in full of 
this Certificate agreeable to Resolve of 28*'^ Jan^ 1782 — 

John Avery Sec^ 

Resolve on Petition James Avery. 

Commonwealth of ]\tassachusetts 

In the House of Representatives July 1, 1782 
On the petition of James Avery, Praying That the Com- 
mittee for Settling with the Army, may be directed to settle 



OF THE STATE OF :MAINE 53 

with him as are Officers in Col" Allan's Corps in the Eastern 
Department, in the same Manner, as Officers of his Rank in 
the Continental Army are settled with: T[ Resolved, That 
the Committee for settling with the Army be, and they are 
hereby directed to settle with the Officers of Co' John Allan's 
Corps, in the same manner as Officers in the Continental 
Army are settled with: — Provided, nevertheless, that the 
said officers shall receive Treasnrers Notes for the whole 
amount of the Balance tliat shall be found due to them 
Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
In Senate July 2"^ 1782 
Read & Concurred 

S Adams Presid' 
Approved John Hancock. 



John Allan to Governor. 

Indian Eastern Department Machias July 1^' 1782 
Sir 

My Last to your Excellency was of the 4"' Ulto a Copy of 
which I have the Honour to Inclose — *{ I am unacquainted 
with the Intention of the Ilon'''^ Congress Respecting this 
Department. It appears by the manner of procuring sup- 
plys. It is not such an object of Importance; as when I was 
Honour'd with the Agency, I should be happy to know what 
is Intended — \ Four months have Elapsed Since I did my- 
self the Honour of requesting your Excellency for some 
necessarys to Carry on the Indian business, at that time we 
had nothing to Subsist on but what was borrow'd — The re- 
quest being only for two months since which v.e have lived 
by borrowing, Consetjuently will take the greatest part that 
may Come of the whole to repay — *l It is not for me to pry 



54 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

into the Secrets of Government, but Lett the Intent be what 
it will, the want of timely supplys, will Cause the Indian as 
well as in War will be severly felt by it — The Enemy per- 
mited in further securing the river S' Johns & Places Ad- 
jacent to their great Advantage — Masts Sparrs & other 
Lumb"" Sufficiant to Load 12 sail of Heavy vessels on that 
river which might have been easily Demolished if the Least 
Publick Assistence had arrived — Inhabitants Daily moving 
to the Enemy — Young men | several having gone from this 
place I going to S* Johns for Employ where good Wages are 
given Either for Sea or Land bussiness — Correspondence & 
Trade become Open & free with the Enemy — *\ Lowdar & 
Jere Preble of Penobscot Joined the Enemy, & the Indians 
of that river in Consequence Encouraged to Correspond & 
Trade, By which Including the whole Eastern Indians | are 
not to be depended upon at present — T[ I have frequently 
given Information of the Consequence of delaying matters — 
By this I may probably Appear to some Letegious — or from 
Lucretive Views or Idle Chimara's In drawing such Infer- 
ences, but Lett the Suggestions of mankind be as they will, 
or that however it may Effect reputation, I think it my Duty 
& shall pursue such Conduct in making known, as in Con- 
science I think may Effect the Savety or Honour of the State 
I am Employ'd in — ^ Duty, Honour & Zeal for the cause 
I am Employ'd in has Compelled me hitherto to be passive 
in my private situation. But I must take the Liberty to say 
I Doubt Whether it woud be Credited By any Gentleman in 
America, or Even in the Universe that are not on the Spot, 
what it has been for near Two Years, perticular for some 
Months Past — Still all I want on request is to be Enabled to 
do my Duty for the Service of the Country — I have the 
Honour to be with Great Duty & respect y"" Excellency's 
Most Obd' hble Sv' 

J. Allan 



OF THE STATE OF MAI>'E 00 



Capt OBrien will Inform y"" Excellency of Perticulars 
Tf His Excellency John Hancock Esq'' 
In Senate Sep' 24'*^ 1782 — 

I Orderd, that this Letter with the Letter from Col" 
Lithgow be committed to John Pitts and Nath' Wells Esq"" 
with such as the Hon*"'® House shall join to consider & report 
what may be proper to be done thereon — 
Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 
In the House of Representatives Sepf 24'" 1782 

^ Read & Concurred & M"" Otis and Cap' Stearns are 
joined 



Resolve on Petition of Fryehurg and Other Towns. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives July 2*^ 1782 
On the Memorial of the Committee of Fryburg Bridgton 
& Sudbury Canada praying for a Company of men to be 
stationed at Sudbury Canada for the Protection of the 
Frontier of the Countys of York & Cumberland — There- 
fore Resolved that there be raised in the Countys of York & 
Cumberland Stationed on the Frontiers of said Countys a 
Company of men to consist of one Lieutenant & thirty men "^ 
and his Excellency the Governor is Requested to ^ Com- 
mission the officer accordingly ^ and it is further Resolved 
that there be allowed the same Wages & Rations as officers 
and soldiers receive in the Continental Army k that the Com- 
missary General Supply the afors'' men with Provisions or 
Money as he shall Agree for there Rations as ati'oresaid 
Sent up for concurrence 

Nathaniel Gorham Speaker 



56 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

In Senate July 5'*> 1782 

Eead & Concurred w**" the Amendments at A B & C 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid* 

at A insert "to continue in service till the iirst day of De- 
cember next, unless sooner discharged" 

B. insert, "appoint and" ^ C. insert "and to give the 
necessary orders for carrying this Resolve into execution" — 
In the House of Representatives July 5, 1782 

Read & concurred Nath Gorham Speaker 

Approv'd John Hancock 

Resolve Relating to Beef. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives July 3*^ 1782 
Resolved that the agent for receiving Beef in the County 
of Cumberland be and he hereby is directed to deliver to 
the Commissary General what beef he has in His Care in 
said County and that the Commissary General be & he here- 
by is directed to dispose of so much of the same at public or 
private sale as he shall Judge Necessary — 
Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
In Senate July 4'*' 1782 

Read & concurred S Adams Presid' 

Approv'd John Hancock. 

Petition Nath^ Bosivorth. 

To the Hon''''' Senate & House of Representatives 

Boston 4 July 1782 
The petition of Nathaniel Bosworth humbly sheweth, that 
on the 27'" of May last, your petitioner agreed with Richard 
Devens Esq"" Commissary Gen' to carry a Quantity of Pro- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 57 

Aasions & Military Stores to Kenebeck, & Received them on 
bord bis Sloop for that purpose, & was to go under Convoy 
of the State Sloop Wintbrop wbich was then ready to Sail — 
your petitioner expected to have proceeded Immediately 
— but has been detain'd at great expence ever since waiting 
for said Convoy, on acco^ of his having the public property 
on Board — he has applied to the Commissary Gen' for Lib- 
erty to reland said Stores, but could not obtain it, he has also 
applied to him for allowance for his detention, which the 
Commiss^ acknowledges he ought in Justice to have, but does 
not think himself authorized to make any without your 
honors directions. Your petitioner therefore relying on the 
Justice of your honors, humbly requests that you will author- 
ize the Commissary Gen' to make him a Reasonable allow- 
ance for his being thus detained or otherwise relieve your 
Injured petitioner in such a Manner as to your honors shall 
seem Meet & Just ^ and as in duty bound shall ever pray 

Nat: Bosworth 

Certificate and Resolve in Favor William M^Glathry. 

This Certifies | That the sum of sixty four Pounds, 
eight shillings & four pence, for the Hire of Sloop Abigail, 
a Transport, on the Penobscot Expedition and Masters 
Wages k Nine Pounds, eighteen shillings & seven pence, for 
Interest thereon to the 1"*' Ins^ amounting to the Sum of 
Seventy four Pounds six shillings & seven pence in Specie, 
is due to William M*^Glathry, which when paid will be in 
full for the same — £74 .6.11 

Thomas Ivers \ Com'"" for Audit*^ the a/c'^ 
Peter Roe Dalton \ of the late Board of War 

His Excellency the Governor & the Hon'''® the Council of the 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 
Boston July 6, 1782 



58 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

In Council July 31 1782 

R^ & Advised that a W be drawn on the Treas^ for 

£74.6-11 in full of the Certificate agreeable to Resolve of 

2r' Jan^ 1782 

John Avery Secy 



Proclamation of Oeorge Third. 
George Bex. 

George the 3^ by the Grace of God of Great Britain, France, 
and Ireland, King Defender of the Faith, Duke of Brunswic 
& Lunenburg, Arch-Treasurer of the Holy Roman Empire, 
Elector, &c. ^ To all and singular to whom these presents 
shall come — Greeting — ^ The flames of war having already, 
too long waged in the various parts of the world, we would 
most earnestly endeavour rightly to settle and adjust all dis- 
putes and controversies, and restore and establish the general 
peace & tranquility — For which purpose we have thought fit 
to send to our good and most Christian Brother, a man equal 
1o that important Trust — Tf Know ye therefore that We re- 
posing full Confidence in the integrity, industry, knowledge, 
ability and experience of our trusty and well beloved Al- 
liene Fitzherbert Esq"" have named, made and constituted, 
and by the presents, be it known. We do name, make and 
constitute him our true, certain and undoubled Commission- 
er, agent, and Plenipotentiary, giving and granting to him 
all and every power, right, and authority ; and also our Gen- 
eral as well as special commission, (Provided however that 
the General shall not abridge the special, nor the special the 
general,) in the Court of our aforesaid good Brother, the most 
Christian King, For us and in our name, with the Delegates, 
Commissioners, Deputies & Plenipotentiaries, as well of their 
High Mightiness the States General of the United Provinces, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 59 

as of every other government whom it may concern, furnished 
with sufficient authority, as well singularly and separately 
as collectively and conjunctively, of meeting and conferring, 
and with them of treating, consulting, agreeing and con- 
cluding to restore, in every respect, a firm and lasting peace, 
harmony and sincere friendship, and for us and in our name, 
on the settlement of aifairs, of signing everything, that shall 
be so agreed and concluded on, of making and executing any 
treaty or treaties or other necessary instruments of whatsoever 
number or quality they may be, and of receiving any other, 
which may happily tend to the concluding of the aforesaid 
work, in as ample manner and form, force and effect, as we 
ourselves could have done were we personally present ; en- 
gaging and promissing, on the word of a King, that we will, 
in the best manner, approve, accept, and confirm and singu- 
lar the things, which may be transacted & concluded by our 
said Plenipotentiary ; nor ever suffer the same, in whole, or 
in part to be violated or perverted — And for the greater 
assurance & confirmation thereof we have caused our great 
seal of Great Britain to be affixed to these presents, signed 
by our royal hand — which are given at S' James, this twenty 
fourth day of July in the Year of our Lord one thousand 
seven hundred & eighty two & in the twenty second year of 
our Reign — 



Joseph North to Governor. 

May it Pleas your Excellency Tj I have appointed Cap* 

Samuel Brown of Boothbay a Deputie Collector of Excise 

und me, & Request your Excellency to approve of my Choice. 

^ I am with Great Respect your Excellency most obedient 

Hum' Servan* 

Joseph North 

Hallowell Aug. 6 1782 To his Excell: John Hancock Esq"" 



60 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Sentence of Roh* Douglass. 
Cumberland Ss. Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

Tf At the Supreme Judicial Court of the Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts begun & held at Falmouth in the County of 
Cumberland and for the Counties of Cumberland & Lincoln 
on Thursday the Fourth day of July A I) 1782, by adjourn- 
ment to that time from the Tuesday next follov/ing the fourth 
Tuesday of June (being the second day of said July) A. D. 
1782 by two of the Justices of the same Court by writs & 
Proclamations according to Law — 1 The Jurors for the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts upon their oath Presented 
that Robert Douglass of Falmouth in the County of Cumber- 
land Yeoman on the seventh day of February last past at 
Pownalborough in the County of Lincoln with force and 
Arms one Silver Watch of the Value of four Pounds of the 
Goods and Chattels of one Fbenezer Whittier then and there 
being found feloniously did take Steal and Carry away to 
the damage of the said Ebenezer Whittier in Evil Example 
to others to offend in like Case against the peace and dignity 
of the Commonwealth aforesaid and their Laws in such Case 
made & provided ; and now in this present Term before the 
Court here cometh the said Robert Douglass & is set to the 
Bar & has this Indictment read to him he says that thereof 
he is not guilty & for Trial puts &c ; a Jury is immediately 
impannelled viz Daniel Dole, Benjamin Parker, John Haize, 
Joseph Sawyer, Ephraim Hunt, Samuel Whitmore, Jonathan 
Osgood, James Cargill, James Johnson, John Tukey, Abra- 
ham Tyler Jun'^ and Peter Libby who being Sworn to Try 
the issue who after hearing all Matters and things concerning 
the same, return their Verdict & upon their oath do say that 
the said Robert Douglass is guilty — And thereupon It is 
Considered by the Court that the said Robert Douglass pay 
Ebenezer Whittier the person Injured Eight Pounds which 
with the goods Restored amount to three Times the Value of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 61 

the Goods Stolen — that he be AVhipped on his Xaked back 
at the Public Whipping Post Twenty Stripes Pay Costs and 
Stand Committed till this sentence be performed — Cost 
Taxed at Twelve Pounds fifteen Shillings & two pence. A 
True Copy as on Record 

Attest Cha^ Cushing Clerk 



Remittance of Sentence of Rob* Douglass. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 1 To all the Sheriffs of 
the several Counties within this Commonwealth afore- 
said and all other Officers and faithful Subjects to 
Whom these presents shall come ^ Greeting — 
Tf Whereas Robert Douglass of Falmouth in the County of 
Cumberland Yeoman was at the Supreme Judicial Court of 
the Commonwealth aforesaid begun and held at Falmouth in 
the County of Cumberland and for the Counties of Cumber- 
land & Lincoln on Thursday the fourth day of July A. D. 
1782 by adjournment to that time from the Tuesday next 
following the fourth Tuesday of June (being the second day 
of said July) A. D. 1782 by two of the justices of the same 
Court by Writs and proclamations according to Law, was con- 
victed of theft, Whereupon the said Court Ordered that the 
said Rob* Douglass be adjudged to pay Eb"" Whittier the per- 
son injured Eight pounds which with the Goods restored 
Amount to three times the value of the Goods stolen; that he 
be Whipped on his naked back at the public Whipping post 
twenty Stripes, pay Costs and stand Committed 'till this 
sentence be Performed — And Whereas the said Robert 
Douglass has humbly supplicated the Grace & favor of this 
Commonwealth for the remittance of the said Sentence so far 
as it relates to the said Corporal punishment. 



62 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

I do therefore by and with the Advice of Council remit to 
the said Rob* Douglass that part of the said sentence above 
mentioned — 

In testimony whereof I have caused the public Seal of this 
Commonwealth of Mass"^ to be hereunto Affixed — Witness 
this Eighth day of Aug* A D 1782, & in the 7 Year of the in- 
depen''*' of the United States of America Tf By his Excel- 
lency's Cons* With the Advice & Consent of Council 



Certificate and Award in Favor Joseph Reed. 

This Certifies ^ That the sum of Five hundred & seventy 
two pounds ten shillings & three pence, for the loss & hire of 
the Sloop Sally John Reed Master, a Transport on the Penob- 
scott Expedition taken into the service there by order of 
General Lovell, & the sum of Ninety three pounds, four shil- 
lings & four pence for Interest thereon to the first Instant, 
amounting to Six hundred & sixty five pounds, fourteen shil- 
lings & seven pence, in specie is due to Joseph Reed, which 
when paid will be in full for the same — £665-14.7 

Thomas Ivers \ a/c*^ of the late Board of War 
Peter Roe Dalton \ Com*"^ for Audit^ the 

His ExcelP the Governor & the Hon'^ the Council of the 
Common*'' of Massachusetts Boston August 7, 1782^ — • 

In Council Aug* 15**^ 1782 

R^ & Advised That a W* be drawn on the Treasury for 
£665 .14.7 in full of the within Certificate agreeable to Re- 
solve of 28**' Jan^ 1782. 

John Avery Sec^ 



OF THE STATE OF ]\1AINE 63 

George Washington to Governor. 

Head Quarters 10''' Aug'* 1782 
Sir 

Your Excellency will peiinit me to introduce to your par- 
ticular Notice & Attention M Gen' D Choissey, who will have 
the Honor to present this Letter — ^ As an officer old in 
Command, & eminent for his Service, he has the Honor to be 
placed at the head of the Troops destined for the Expedition 
proposed by the Marquis de Vandreuil against Penobscot, 
provided that Enterprise should be attempted — f Any Civil- 
ities which your Excellency shall be pleased to shew him, 
will be no more than his Merits demand — and will be most 
gratefully accepted by 1 Your Excellencys Tf Most obedient 

& ^ Most humble Servant 

G ;° Washington 

George WasJiington to Gov. Hancocl'. 

Head Quarters lO*'' Aug^' 1782 
Sir — 

Your Excellency will be informed by B Gen' DeChoisey, 
who does me the Honor to be the Bearer of this, that the INfar- 
quis D^ Vandreuil, with a fleet of his most Christian INFajcs- 
ty's Ships of War, may be soon expected in the Harbour of 
Boston. — 1[ By a Correspondence which has passed between 
the IMarquis & the Count de [^ochanibcau (a Copy of which 
T have been favored with by the latter) I am informed that 
the french Admiral has it in Contemplation to strike a Coup 
de Maine upon the port of Penobscot, while his ships are to 
continue in your neighbourhood; requesting the Opinion of 
the Count upon the practicability of the Enterprise — It ap- 
pears also from the same Correspondence, that the french 
General has given a partial, yet pretty plain disapprobation 
of the Attempt ; and has referred him to my Opinion on the 



64 DOCUME^^TAEY HISTORY 

subject ; which the Count de Rochambeau, in his Letter to me, 
particularly requests me to communicate to the Marquis on 
his Arrival — Tf However desirable the Object may be, to 
dispossess the Enemy from that troublesome post, yet under 
present Circumstances, & with present prospects, I have not 
judged the Attempt to be desireable; and have given the 
french Admiral my opinion decidedly against it. — My par- 
ticular Sentiments & Reasons on the Subject, will be con- 
veyed to you in the Copy of my Letter to the Marquis, which 
I do myself the Honor to inclose to your Excellency, for 
your own Observation, k that of the Executive of your State. 
— 1 If notwithstanding my Sentiments & present Appear- 
ance, other & more favorable Circumstances should turn up ; 
or prospects should so alter, as to make the Attempt appear 
practicable in the Judgment of the french Admiral and Gen- 
eral de Choisey as also in the Opinion of your Excellency & 
your Executive, I have no Doubt but that your State will 
afford every Assistance in the most expeditious manner, in 
Men, Artillery Military Stores &," that may be found neces- 
sary to carry the Operation into effect — The Distance of the 
Army from Boston, with other Circumstances, will render 
it impossible to give any timely Aid from this Quarter — 
I I have the Honor to be ^ Your Excellencys | Most 

Obedient and ^ most hum*''*' Servant ^ 

G:° Washington 
His Excellency Governor Hancock. 



George Washington to Marquis De Vandreuil. 

Head Quarters, Newburgh Aug* 10''' 1782 
Sir 

I have the honor to address you, at the particular request 

and in consequence of a Letter, which I have just received 

from His Excellency the Count de Rochambeau, inclosing 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 65 

to me the Copy of a Correspondence between him & you rela- 
tive to the operations of the Fleet under your Command on 
the Coasts of N. America; — Wherein you mention to him, 
a wish, that while your Fleet should remain in the Neigh- 
lx)urhood of Boston, you might be enabled to make a stroke 
at the Enemy's Post of Penobscot; — and in the discussion 
of which point, the Count de Rochambeau has referred you 
to my opinion upon that Enterprise. | While I applaud 
Sir! the generous disposition declared in your Excellency's 
Intentions for our assistance; Candor requires me to be very 
explicit upon the subject, — I am obliged therefore to say, 
that it is my decided opinion, that considering the Hazards 
that will attend the Enterprise, the object is by no means 
equal to the Risque that will attend the attempt. 1 Among 
many reasons, which influence my mind in forming this 
Opinion, the great & very principal one, appears from Your 
Excellency's Letter to Count "^^ Rochambeau, where you men- 
tion to him, that you expect immediately to be followed into 
these Seas by a Superior British Fleet. — Admitting this 
event to take place, and that your Fleet Should have pro- 
ceeded to Penobscot, (which is near One hundred Leagues 
from Boston, the only secure Harbour which you v.'ill tind 
upon all those Eastern shores,) and Lies almost at the bottom 
of a deep Bay; — it appears to me that Your Excellency's 
Fleet will be placed in the greatest Hazard of being totally 
destroyed; — for in that situation they will be compleatly im- 
bayed; — and a brisk S Westerly Wind, which will be most 
favorable for the British Fleet from N York, & which would 
bring them into the Bay in a short time, would be directly 
opposed to your Escape: — so that was your Excellency to 
receive the earliest Intelligence of the Enemy's Fleet leaving 
N. York, under such circumstances, yet you could not avail 
yourself of the Information,— and at the same time, would 
be placed in a position where no Harbour or Fortification 



6Q DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

could give your Excellency any protection or shelter, f "Was 
this argument of Danger to His Most Christian Majesty's 
Ships, not snfhcient to govern Your Excellency's mind, — I 
could mention, that the time that must be imployed on 
this attempt, will probably be much greater than you 
seem to apprehend ; — A Month is as short as I should 
estimate, taking together all the necessary preparations tfe 
little cross events that must probably interpose; for I have 
not an idea of the object being attained by a Coup de Main, 
— as I am lately informed by good intelligences that the Fort 
is the most regularly constructed & best finished of any in 
America, is well situated, and Garrysoned by the 7-4'^'' Reg*, 
consisting of 800 Men; — which will require a regular Seige, 
to be conducted by cautious approaches, with a considerable 
addition of Men to the number of Troops which are on board 
your Excellency's Fleet, with their necessary Cannon & Mor- 
tars, Stores &c, the whole of which in all probability, was the 
Seige to be undertaken, & the Fleet obliged to make a sudden 
departure, must all be sacrificed ; as their retreat by Land 
(as has been heretofore experienced) would be almost totally 
impossible and impracticable ; to be effected thro' a Country 
which is as yet, a mere Wilderness, of large extent & difficult 
passage. 1 Even supposing the best, that the attempt should 
succeed & the oliject be gained, I am much in doubt, whether 
without a superior Naval Force to be maintained on these 
Coasts, we should be able to retain the post, — as it would 
ever be subject to a renewed attempt from the Enemy, in 
case we should keep up a Garrison there; — or in case of 
evacuation they might at any time, repossess the post, & con- 
tinue the same annoyance, that they now give us. Tf Under 
these considerations (without giving you any further trouble) 
it is my decided opinion, that the object in contemplation is 
not of importance, sufficient to justify the hazzards & risques, 
which must probably be encountered in the attempt to ol)tain 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 67 

it. I While I offer you this opinion Sir ! I beg your Excel- 
lency will esteem it as coming from a Heart not only candid 
in its Sentiments, but at the same time penetrated with a 
sense of the highest gratitude to your Excellency for the 
noble offer of your assistance, which it is our misfortune, 
that under present circumstances, we are not able to avail 
ourselves of. If After giving Your Excellency the foregoing 
opinion, upon the present appearances, — I have only to add, 
— that in case circumstances should turn up so differently to 
our present Ideas, that you should, with the advice of Gen' 
de Choisey, think the attempt practicable, I can only refer 
you to the State of Massachusetts, for such aid in Men, Can- 
non, Mortars, & Stores, as you shall judge necessary; it being 
the only practicable mode in which I can cooperate with Your 
Excellency's designs, — and this Recommendation shall be 
most cheerfully given. ^ The ChevaF de la Luzerne has re- 
quested me to establish a regular Chain of communication 
between my Head Quarters «!' Boston, for the purpose of 
giving the earliest Intelligence of every minute circumstance 
that may occur respecting the arrival or operations of the 
British Fleet at Xew York ; and for the purpose of free in- 
tercourse with you or any other circumstance that may turn 
lip. — You may depend. Sir, that this establishment shall be 
iuunediately formed, — ».V' that every service I can possibly 
render Your Excellency, in this or any other way in my 
power, shall be most cheerfully afforded. '[I have the Honor 
to be &c *1[ Sig-ned t G° Washington 

Marquis De Yaudreuil — 

Ezekiel Pattee to Governor. 
To his Excncly John Hancock Esqr and to the Hon"" the 
Senet and the hous of Resepantves 
T[ I do hearby Sartify that the Behavear of Juneper 
Baththevon the Franch Breast Sance his Rasadance with the 



08 DOCUMEIS'TARY HISTOEV 

Endens hath Been that of an honest mans in Regard to the 
Endens. and that I Never heard nor Dow I Beleve that he 
Ever mad ancy Deference Betwen the Tnhabitents and the 
Endens. Bnt Sarten I am tliat the Endens has Been las 
triiblsom to the Satlement Sance his Rasadence among tham 
than Before 

Ezekiel Pattee Town Clark 
Winslow Angust 10**' 1782. 



Certificate of Jeremiah Colhurn. 

These may certify whom it ma^- concern that I formerly 

resided on Penobscot River & about seven months ago my 

House was burned by Accident or the Negligence of the 

person Avho lived in it & not by the Indians or the instigation 

of the french Instructor — 

Jere^** Colburn 
Winslow Aug' 14"^ 1782 



William LitJigow to the Governor, and Certificates. 

Georgetown, Kennebec Aug 13'^ 1782. 
Sir 

As I have had the honor of but a very slight acquaintance 

with your Excellency, I should not have ventured to address 
you on the present occasion, was it not at the earnest & re- 
peated solicitations of the Indians, who, from the circum- 
stance of my having formerly resided among them at Fort 
Halifax in quality of Truckmaster, think they may repose 
some confidence in me, & that I am persuaded the public are 
deeply interested in a proper attention to their views & in- 
clinations at the present critical moment ^ — T[ It is needless 



OF THE STATE OF -MAINE 69 

to inform your Excellency, who, I imagine was early ac- 
quainted with the Measures as well as the Motives which led 
to it, that soon after the establishment of the british Garrison 
at Bagwaduce Supplies were voted by Government for the 
eastern Indians, & ordered to be lodged at Fort Halifax, a 
Truekmaster & Interpretter were appointed & a french In- 
structor engaged, & sent down to reside among them, in order 
I presume to conciliate the affections of the Indians towards 
the Inhabitants of this Commonwealth. 

However well adapted this measure was in itself, to the 
attainment of the important end proposed, yet it is extreme- 
ly obvious that without a judicious appointment of both 
Instructor & Truekmaster no valuable consequences can be 
expected to result from it to the public "[ That the Govern- 
ment were fortunate in their Choice of Instructor I am 
fully persuaded, both by the Indians themselves over whom 
he has gained a peculiar ascendency & who discover an in- 
violable attachment to his person, & also by the information 
of some of the first Characters in this County, who give it as 
their opinion, that ever since his residence among the In- 
dians he has made it his invariable & earnest endeavour to 
direct that ascendency so as but to answer the end of his 
appointment, by cultivating a friendly intercourse between 
the Inhabitants & Indians, & persuading the latter to think 
favourably of our Government, in which he has hitherto been 
Successful. T[ From this attachment to the person & Char- 
acter of their Father (as they call him) it is owing, that the 
Indians at this moment consider his late dismission by the 
General Court, as a peculiar grievance & a certain indication 
of an increasing unfavourable disposition in our Government 
towards their Nation, which they imagine must have arisen 
from the partial & injurious representations of some inter- 
ested or designing person in this part of the Country, & have 
therefore sent one of their Chiefs who is the bearer of this, 



70 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

to make enquiry into the matter. ^ Whether it would be 
true policy in the General Assembly to discharge him finally 
I am not to determine, but I think it is a fact that cannot 
admit of a doubt, that the retaining or reinstating him in his 
former Office among the Indians, will be the most effectual 
& perhaps the only means of preventing that disaffection in 
their minds, which the artful & inimical, in various parts of 
the Country will sedulously endeavour to improve to the 
worst purposes. *[[ As to the present Truckmaster at Fort 
Halifax I have little or personal knowledge of him, but what- 
ever may be his real Character it is very certain that the 
Indians are greatly dissatisfied with his conduct, & directly 
accuse him with various species of fraud in the course of his 
trade with them, & with applying the public Stores intended 
for the Indians to his own private purposes — whether those 
charges be true or false I am utterly ignorant, but it appears 
to me to be a matter of very considerable importance to the 
public, that the Truck master should not only be an honest 
man, but one who is capable of conforming himself to the 
particular humours of the Indians, without which, it will 
be impossible to give them satisfaction ; but perhaps it may 
be a question with the Legislature whether, all circumstances 
considered, it will be eligible to continue the Indian Trade 
at Fort Halifax; for my own part I believe, (& I am very 
far from being singular in my opinion) that the continuance 
of that trade can answer no very beneficial purpose to the 
public, as very few of the Indians now visit that place for 
that or any other purpose; at the same time that the Com- 
monwealth is put to a considerable annual expense in trans- 
porting provisions & Supporting two persons with pay & 
rations ; but if it should be the opinion of Government that 
the discontinuance of the indian Trade at Fort Halifax would 
be disadvantageous to the public, I beg leave to recommend 
to your Excellency's notice a Major Pattee who lives near 



OF THE statp: of maixe 71 

the spot. •[ This Gentleman is a person of integrity & re- 
sponsibility & will prohably give good satisfaction to the 
Indians, & is v/illing to undertake the Ijusiness for no other 
consideration than the occupation of the Fort & the improve- 
ment of ten Acres of land adjoining the same, which must 
be a considerable saving to the public — 

If any thing contained in the foregoing representation can 
be improved to public advantage 1 have obtained my end, if 
not I have the consolation of having done my duty — •[ With 
sentiments of the most perfect respect, "[ Your Excellency's 
Obedient Serv' William Lithgow 

To whom it may concern f These may certify that we 
have had some acquaintance with Juniper Barthiume Recol- 
lect, since his residence among the eastern Indians — 'j As 
to his private Character, we believe it to be that of an honest 
Man, k are finnly persuaded of his friendly Attachments to 
the American States & fully convinced that he has rendered 
essential service to the public by his constant earnest, & 
hitherto effectual endeavours, to cultivate & maintain a 
friendly intercourse between the Indians & the Inhabitants 
in this part of the Country ^ W^e therefore give it as our 
Opinion that his further continuance among the Indians, in 
quality of an Instructor, will probably be attended, with 
happy & important consequences to the public. 

James Howard Esq"" 
William Howard L Co' 
Hallowell Aug 13'*" 1782 Joseph Xorth Cor 

Sam' MTobbs CoP 

Fort Ilallifax June 7 1782 

This may Certifie that I saw a paper signed by Four of 

the Penobscot Indians Certifies that Juni{)ei' IJerthiaume 

Recolect Did not advise the Indians to kill the Cow which 

thay Did Kill belonging to the Inhabitants on penobscot 

River. p"^ Josiah Brewer Justice Peace. 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Certificate of Auditors in Favor Andrew Reed et al. 

This Certifies t That the sum of Five hundred & four 
pounds one shilling & three pence for the loss & hire of the 
Sloop Townsend taken into the Service at Townsend July 
22, 1779 as a Transport on the Expedition to Penobscot, by 
order of General Lovell also the Sum of Eighty two pounds, 
one shilling & five pence, for Interest thereon to the first In- 
stant, amounting to the sum of Five hundred & eighty six 
pounds two shillings & eight pence in Specie, is due to Andrew 
Reed & Jn" Sevey which when paid to Henry Hodge their 
attorney, will be in full for the same — £586 .2.8 

Thomas Ivers \ Com*®® for Audit^ the Acco*^ 

Peter Roe Dalton \ of the late Board of War. 

His ExcelF the Governor & the Hon'''® the Council of the 

Commonw^*^ of Massachus'® 

Boston August 14, 1782 — 

In Council Aug 16*" 1782. 

R^ & Advised that a W be drawn on the Treas^ for 
£586.2.8 in full of the within Certificate agreeable to Re- 
solve of 28*'' January 1782. 

John Avery Sec^ 



Report of Sam^ Carr, Muster Master. 

Wells Aug* 20*'' 1782 
Mustered and Received of Capt° John Low, for the Town 
of Coxhall, A Certain Asa Lapell, John Foster & Ebenezar 
Stimson Cousens ; Recruits inlisted for the Term of three 
Years, — for the Quota Order'd to be Rais'd By a Resolve of 
the General Court, December 2^ 1780) 

Sam' Carr Muster-Master 



OF THE «TATE OF MAINE 73 

Col. Hunter to Governor. 

Broad Bavse Aug^' 20^*^ 17S2 
Sir 

I wrot your Honor by Cap* Little Commander of the State 
Sloop; that Supplies were wanting for my Department as 
soon as may be; and Desired by said Gentlemen, you would 
send the Stores by Cap' Little or some other vessel as soon 
as possible, by reason my provisions are almost expended ; 
therefore T Desire you to send an asortmeni by Cap* Ulmer 
without fail in order that I may act Bennifishal to the public 
Good and satisfactory, to the spirit inhabitance of this place 
Cap' Ulmer will Give your Honor the perticulars of what 
I want for this Conmiand, f from your Honors Very 
Hum"' Servant James Hunter Col° Comd"" 



Memorial of Soldiers to Col. Allan. 

Machias August 22"" 1782 
Sir 

Your long Residence in this Department as an officer, has 
given you such a thourough knowledge of our Circumstances, 
that we looked upon you, to be the most sutiable person we 
coud apply to, to represent our Situation to proper Authourity 
for Redress of our grievances, and for that Purpose have in- 
vested you with our full power ^ You are fully Sencible 
that we have Served many years in the Department, and the 
Commanding officer has repeatedly from year to year, on the 
renewal of our engagements, promised us on behalf of Gov- 
ernment that we should be Supplyed with a Suit of Cloth each 
year, at the expence of Government. T[ In May 1781 we 
engaged during the war & were assured of Receiving the 
same Clothing, pay & Rations, the Established troops Re- 
ceived, but we are again disappointed, for of Clothing we 
Received but part of the last year, hatts, shirts stockens, &c. 



74 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

we received none ; and for the present year have Received no 
kind of Clothing on Governments acc\ a great part of the 
time we have been kept upon half allowances & some part of 
the time have not had any, there is so few of us that our 
Duty has been Excessive hard, our Sufferings the last Winter 
& Spring was so great that it is not in the power of words to 
express it, both on ace' of provision and Clothing. We have 
(after suffering every thing but Death) for a few weeks past 
had some bread & meat Delivered to us by the Commanding 
officer, but that we are again Deprived of the meat being all 
gone, & only a scanty pittance of bread remains for us, and 
that we expect soon to be deprived of. t We are ready and 
willing to do our duty as good soldiers, if we can only obtain 
what is stipulated to us on behalf of Government, winter is 
fast approaching and excepting we can be furnished with our 
proper clothing and Rations, we must perish, we therefore 
Desire you to aply to Government on our behalf for what wo 
are justly intitled to from them, and that it may be put into 
such hands that we Can be sure of haveing them, we expect 
that 3'OU will pay your self for your trouble out of what you 
may receive on our accompts, either money or other articles 

We are Sir, Your most Respectfull Humble Servants 
Samuel Russell Sarg' John X Briant 

Doctor X Edwards Jonathan X Engserll 

Jonathan Niles Sam Davis Bryant 

Luther X Holmes 
Vest W"" Albee. Lieut of the said Company 

Col. Allan to Richard Devens Esq''. 

Indian Eastern Department, Machias August 22°'' 1782. 
Sir 

Agreeable to the iSTote of the General Court, I find there 
is One Hh'' Mollases, One d° Rum. One d° of Tobacco & 



OF THE STATE OF MAI>E 75 

One Cask of wine, Deficiant. These Articles are of the 
Greatest Consequence in the Indian business. The Indian 
allwajs depending upon such matters when Assembled in 
Conferences, and its of the greatest damage in pursuing the 
business, the want of it, as well as the Appearance of Indig- 
nity upon the United States of which there is to much talk 
of, this wa^^ — I must pray the favour Sir that you will be 
kind enough to forward them, or what you Can by the first 
Opp"" Consigning them to me. I must again Earnestly re- 
peat the favour. As allso the Back allowence of rum &c 
which will do better in provision kind — Cap' OBrien who 
Carry's this, will have a Vessell at Xewbury ready to return 
in Four Weeks probably in a shorter time, Coud it be pos- 
sible to have them procured at Xewbury to Come with him, 
it woud be Esteemed the greatest favour — •[ I am more 
solicitous to have them now sent, on Account of the very 
Great business I have to go thro with the Indians, before I 
go Westward, which I expect v/ill be by the Last of ^ext 
Month — *[ With respect I am Sir Your Most H"' Svt 

J. Allan 
Rich'' Devens Esq"" 

Col. Hunter to Governor. 

Head Quarters Waldoborough Aug'' 22 1782 
Sir — 

I wrote your Excellency, by Cap' Little the 30"' of July, 

where I menchened the inducements of my leaveing Coxes 

Head, and the Great necessity, of haveing supplies sent as 

soon as may be ; I have takeing post at this place in order to 

obstruct the Designs of our Enemy, but if I am Cut short of 

said suplies it will Deprieve me of executing any plan I form 

for the public Good ; the inhabbitance of these parts are dailey 

tradeing to the enemy, I shall use every method to obstruct 

them and shall put my men in the position of Scouting 



7G DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

partyes for that purpose; but being Deprievd of part of the 
whale boats ordered by the General Court ; put it out of my 
power to prevent their trade and Commerce ; as I would wish 
to do ; the majority of the inhabitance of this are enemies 
to the Cause of our Country, and have made attempts at sev- 
eral different times to take of the Guards, and I Dailey expect 
they will attempt to head a party of the enemy in order to 
attack me ! therefore as the public Good in some measure de- 
pends on your Excellency's ; Compliance with my proposal, 
T should be Glad to have the remainder of the whail boats 
together with the supplies sutible to make any excurtions that 
may appear Bennefishal to the public Good Consistent with 
my Command, your Excellency, orders to the Commisary 
General for suplies no Doubt, will be answerd ameadetly, I 
shall in a few days proseed to Georges and appoint a place 
of randovoze, and should think my self happy to have your 
Excellencys oppiniou on this matter, and should you think of 
any place preferable to Georges ; I should be glad you will 
write me as soon as possible in order that I may act satis- 
factory to your Excellency and for the Public Good | From 
your Excellencys Verry Hum*"^ Ser""**^^ 

James Hunter Col° 
N. B. this will be handed to your Excellency, by Cap* 
Ulmer which Gentleman will give you further perticulars 

J. H 

Col. Allan to Governor. 

Machias Aug* 22^ 1782 
Sir 

I do myself the Honour of Informing Your Excellency 
that in consequence of my ditermination & Agreement with 
the Indians, as soon as Supplys Arrived I proceeded East- 
ward to pursue the Business of my Agency, I had a Confer- 
ence with the Passamaquody & some of the S' John Tribe 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 77 

Near the River S^ Croix — T[ In Answer to the Speaeh I 
made them / perticiilarly the S* John / they signifyd much 
surprise at the Difficulty which Arise in supporting the De- 
partment. After they had Continued so long for the De- 
fence of the Country — It Appears they have from time to 
time, been fully Informd of the Obstacles and obstructions in 
procuring necessarys for the Subsistance of the persons in 
the Imploy, & Indeed the Report has Extended thro Nova 
Scotia & every transaction is as well known in Halifax as 
Boston — to Conclud with them, from the Indigent State of 
Matters this way, the Horrid & Villainous conduct of Traders 
towards them. The whole of the S* Johns Tribe have come 
to a ditermination to Remove Imidatly to that River; some 
of the Passamaquodys : have gone to Canady & the rest Gone 
on the Lakes, as I coud give them no other Encouragement I 
was ditermind to continue myself as Near them as my safety 
woud permit, to Advise & Consult during my stay in the Serv- 
ice — T[ On the 18"' Arrived at my Quarters, Michel Augus- 
tine, Chief of the Villiage of Erecherbucts a Princapel Sa- 
chem of the Micmac Tribe — also a Chief of Cape Briton, 
with other young men, the former well Known in Nova Scotia 
for his sagacity as a Politition & Ability as a Warrior, tbn 
bussiness they are Upon is to Know the certainty of News & 
the State of matters between America Sc France — As also to 
make Complaint Against the Small Boats for Plundering, the 
Traiders that Live Amoung them "They say they woud 
Reather Chuse to Trade with tlie Americans then the English, 
if Any Came Amoung them woud defend them against the 
English to the Last, but necessity Compels them to trade with 
Some Body, and before their Eyes, have seen property, them- 
selves had a Right to, taken Away, but from a Principle of 
Friendship to America has made no Opposition ;= the Con- 
duct of this Chief, and the Villages Under his Immediate 
Care is well Known to many besides my self, during the wars, 



78 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

in Opposing & thwarting npon all Occation, the British Gov- 
ernment when Attempting to Employ the Indians, & so much 
in his Zeal, that even in that Country where the Britons have 
the Preheminance, No Trader dares Go Amoung them, who 
does not express Sentiments in Favour of America — | I 
Transmit this Acount to your Excellency at the Request of 
the Chief, It lyes with Government to Judge & order what is 
right ; I woud Only observe that had the Indians followed the 
Example of these Plunderers & Illicit Traders / Many of 
AVhome takes turne alternately in pursuing both Methods as 
Opportunity offers for Gain / The whole Eastern Country as 
well as jSTova Scotia, woud verry Probably be in a State of 
Ruin & Desolation or Lost to the States — | The Indians 
being desirous of hearing & Seeing as Much as Possible, I 
concluded to Accompany them to Maehias w^hich is the cause 
of my being here at Present, shall Return tomorow towards 
S*. Johns were I shall Continue untill Bussiness will permit 
my going Westward T[ Your Excellency / your Letter of 
the 8**" LTlt° which I had the Honour to Receive / Appears to 
be Against my going Westward at this Juncture — I trust at 
the Same Time Your Excellency will be pleased to Consider 
my setuation — On my private Bussiness shall be silent — 
woud only observe as a Public Officer, the Great & Extensive 
Bussiness I am Intrusted wnth, the Varrious Demands which 
Necessarly attends it requires more supplys and more Regu- 
lar, I am satisfyd with what Ever Government is Please to 
Send k shall L^se every Economy — But your Excellency 
must be sensible, that I have only received Bread & Meat for 
25 men for two Months & 50 Bushels since Last March for 
the Whole Bussiness — I have daly Employ** w^hat Consuems 
20 Rations besides Contingencys — I have to attend at the 
several Villiages of Indians to whome I am Obliged to Give 
something. But not to trouble Your Excellency more, will 
only take the liberty to say that its a ]\ratter — Impossible for 



OF THE STATE OF MAI^•E 79 

me to pursue the bussiuess Agreeable to the Orders of Con- 
gress in this setuation — ^ I am verry Unhappy for the 
Uneasyness Given Your Excellency in drawing two Orders 
for some Supplys, Absolute Necessity to prevent fatal Conse- 
quences was the Cause, I presum** for the Reasons Given that 
it woud have been Comply'' with, as it is not T submit and 
Rest Contented & Shall A'^ot Give further Trouble in such 
Matters — ^\ Your Excellency by this may Know the setua- 
tion of this Post, and How farr I am able to pursue the In- 
dian Bussiness must therefore Request two ]\[onths Rations 
for 25 Men. 2 Barrils Powder, 600 Whf. Ball & 500 Flints 
as the Least I can demand for Immediate Use, A Vessell 
which this Goes by, will sail from Newberry in a short time 
l)y Whome I wish to Receive these Artickles ^ Having no 
Correspondent or Agent in Boston your Excellency will please 
Excuse the Liberty I take in Requesting that Whoever may 
have the direction of furnishing supplys may be Urged to 
Send it Expeditiously — 

T[ By this Oppertunity Goes M"" Lacour the Gentleman I 
formerly Mentioned who Came from Nova Scotia during his 
Stay here he has been verry Active &: Serviceable in the Bussi- 
ness of the Department No doubt Your Excellency will have 
him Examind which I presume may be Necessary — 

1[ I have the Honour to Be with respect T[ Your Excel- 
lency's Most Obd very hb' Sv' J Allan 
His Excellency John Hancock Esq"" 

Order of Court Against Joseph M^Lellan. 

Lincoln Ss the Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

T[ To the Sheriff of our County of Cumberland his Lender 
Sheriff or Deputy, Greeting. We Command you to Attach 
the Goods or Estate of Joseph M'^Clallan of Falmouth iji our 
County of Cumberland Gentleman to the Value of One Thou- 



80 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

sand Pounds & for want thereof to take the Body of the Said 
Joseph ]\PClallan if he may be found in yonr Precinct and 
him Safely keep so that you have him before Our justices 
of Our Inferiour Court of Common Please, next to be holden 
at Pownalborough within and for Our Said County of Lin- 
coln on the Last Tuesday of September next than and their 
in Our Said Court to Answer unto Francis Rittal of Pownal- 
borough aforesaid Taylor, in a plea of Trespass for that the 
said Joseph the twenty fifth Day of September in the Year 
of our Lord Christ one thousand seven hundred and Eighty 
at Pownalborough aforesaid, with force and Arms viz* guns 
bayonets & Swords upon the said Francis made an Assault, 
and him the said Francis did than and there beat and Evelly 
Treat and him the said Francis did Cary away at the Dis- 
tance of Sixty miles and the said Francis in Prison without 
any reasonable Cause against the Will of him the said Francis 
Without any Legal Authority, & Contrary to the Law of the 
Land & of this Common V/ealth for a Long time Viz* for 
the Space of Nine weeks and Tow days Contained & Kept by 
means of which Confinement and Sufferings wnth Cold and 
hunger the Francis became Sick & in great Pain and distress 
so that his Life was dispaired of and the said Frances dureing 
the Time of his Imprisonment aforesaid was Oblidged to 
Expend for Necessarys to preserve his Life and to regain his 
Liberty the sum of Nine hundred Pounds and Other Enor- 
mities the said Joseph to the said Francis did than & their do 
an Commit against the Pease and. To the Damage of the said 
Francis Kittal as he Saith the Sum of One thousand Pounds 
which shall then & their to made to appear with Other due 
damages, And have you there this Writ wnth your Doings 
therein Witness W" Lithgow Esq'' at Pownalborough this 
twenty sixth day of August in the year of Our Lord 1782 

A true Coppy from Jon* Bowman Cler. 

the Original Tim Cutler Dep Sheriff 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 81 

Memorial of Eastern Indians. 

To his Excellency Governor Hancock. 

1^ We the subscribers having beared that Juniper Bar- 
thiaume recolet wo has lived among us those two years past 
to our greatest satisfaction had been dismissed of his Employ- 
ment, and that on the false reportt of Col Brow belonging to 
fort halifax in Quebec river, we here present and having full 
power of the other Indians come here on purpose to render 
justice to whom it belongs, and we can not hinder from say- 
ing that our priest has always behaved as a man of honor, 
and that on the contrary Co' Brow constantly imposses upon 
us ; and if he has shewn any certificates, they can not be 
signed but by people who get often drunk, and consequently 
that he has surprised the religion of the members of the 
honorable Senate. We conclude please your Excellency, so 
as to avoid any disturbance, that said Col' Brow should be 
called again and that our recolet should continue his functions 
fi We will be under the greatest obligation to your Excellency 
if you would be so good as to procure some Cloaths and few 
other things we want, besides as lodging and boarding for six 
of us and our recolet during the time we shall remain in 
town, which may not be long, if the honourable cenate will 
pronounce quickly on this matter. It would be of a great ad- 
vantage to us and to the States if it was so, the same sloop 
in which we came sailing in four day's hence, t We have 
as much to complain of one Guillermain Interpreter to Col' 
Brow as well as of himself, so beg he should be dismissed 
^ We have one last favor to beg, which is to procure us eight 
fusils and some gun powder for the village. / 1^ As we have 
been obliged to take a french Interpreter to do all our busi- 
nesses here, we hope that the state will allow him what is 
customary / 

Boston 27 August 1782 Mark of J. horns Chief 

[Five other marks of Indians] ^°-°^ 



82 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Endorsed : Resolve discharging Col° Brewer Truckmaster 
at Fort Halifax & the Interpreter and reinstating Juniper 
Barthiaiime in the office of Instructor & granting £1000 to 
supply the Eastern Department and requesting to Gov* to 
issue orders to the Commissary General to supply the In- 
dians with necessaries and for the election of a Naval officer 
at Machias 
Oct 17, 1782 



Letter of Fr. Juniper Berthiaume. 

To his Excellency Governor Hancock 

Tf Go' Brow who inhabits fort halifax in Quenebec River 
having said that the states of Massachuset had dismissed me 
of my employment, I come here on purpose with six of the 
chiefs of the Indians of that river to justify of my conduct, 
and to prove that the certificates I have in my possession are 
of men of honor, and that on the contrary, those of Col' Brow 
were signed but by people who most of the time are drunk, 
besides your Excellency has certainly received letters to con- 
vince you that what I advance is true. I can not represent 
too much to your Excellency what a revolution would hapen if 
Col' Brow and his Interpreter were not dismissed and if I 
was not to continue my functions. It is not necessary I 
should say any more about this the chiefs of the nation will 
say enough — 

F"" Juniper Berthiaume Recollet 

In Senate Sept^ SO'** 1782 

^ Read & thereupon Ordered that this Letter with the 
papers accompanying the same be committed to the Com- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 83 

mittee appointed by both Houses on the Letters from Col° 

Allan & Col" Lithgow 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 

In the House of Representatives Sepf 30*'' 1782 

Read & concurred Nath Gorham Speaker 

Report of Peter Noyes. 

Cumberland Ss 

Falmouth Aug* 29** 1782 

Whereas a Dispute arising between the Town of Topsfield 
in the County of Essex & the Town of Gorham in the County 
of Cumberland both s*^ Towns claiming Timothy Bacon as a 
Soldier inlisted by s'^ Topsfield upon the Resolve of the 2'' of 
Dec"" 1780 & Application being made to me by s** Town of 
Gorham to determine to which Town s"* Man belong'' agree- 
able to s'' Resolve — Whereupon I notified the Parties to 
appear at my House in Falm" this Day who appear'd & after 
a full Hearing of the Parties it was fully prov'' that s** Tim" 
Bacon was at the Time of his Inlistment & long before an In- 
habitant of the s** Town of Gorham & that he was inlisted 
muster'd & Rec'd for the s'' Town of Topsfield — Whereupon 
I do hereby determine agreeable to s'^ Resolve that s* Tim" 
Bacon properly belongs to said Gorham 

Peter Noyes \ Muster Master for the County of 
Cumberland for the Men that were rais'd upon the Resolve 
for the 2" of Dec' 1780 

This to Certify that timothy Bacon and Beniamin Libbey 

was Received as Continental Soldiers for the town of topsfield 

for three years to Compleat there Quota of men July 19: 

1781 

Israel Hutchinson Superintendant for 

the County of Essex 
Danvers August 13: 1782 



S4 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petition Inhab*- Massabeeseck. 

To the Honourable Senate & House of Representatives in 
General Court Assembled 
We the Petitioners Inhabitants of a Place known by the 
Kame of IMassabeeseck in the County of York and State of 
Massachusetts Bay — Humbly Sheweth | that we are Settled 
here and not incorporated and there Lays a Number of tax 
Bills against us likewise an Execution from the Treasurer 
for Soldiers which is not in our power to Pay at present by 
Reasons that we are Greatly Deminished in our T^umber 
taken into Coxhall Incorporation ; Littel falls ; and Huberts 
town ; which takes away a Very Considerable part of the 
Estates formerly called Massabeeseck Likewise that there has 
been hired out of this place a Number of Soldgers into other 
towns against the Laws of this State & not in our power to 
hinder for which Reasons we Pray your Honours to Con- 
sider our Sircumstances and Put us into Som Method Either 
by Incorporation or any way that your Honours think fitt and 
we will Send a Valuation Bill of our Estates Submiting our 
Selves to the mercy of the Court and begg your Patience and 
we Shall willingly put to our Sholders to the utmost of our 
ability Relying on your mercy & Wisdom and we as in Duty 
bound Shall Ever pray for your honours and the Wellfair of 
the ITnited States | N B. we Like wise Inform your 
Honours that it is Generaly thought that all the Inhabitants 
Posesses would not pay the taxes that lays against us. 
Joseph Swett, Joshua Webster, Samuel Scribner, 

Clement Moody, Nath' Hawes, Isaac Johnson, 

David Kimball, Joseph Carter, Coffin Fling 

Israel Smith, Jeremiah Smith, John Smith, 

James Ilaiwey, David Carter, Jonathan Smith 

And"' Burley, Daniel Scribner, 

John Smith, Simeon Tebbets, 



OF THE STATE OF r^IAINE 85 

^ At the Request of several of the Inhabitants of Masse- 
beseck being well Acquainted With that Settlement knowing 
that there is not more than one Quarter of the Inhabitants 
Posses a Sufficianse of Provitians to Last them and there 
Families the Year about and one half of thcni Seavs any- 
thing or Very in Considerable Towards There Surport by 
Reason of Extreem Poverty Haveing Large Families and no 
oxen to help them Tov/ards Cultivating and bringing tue 
Those Lands which are Very Hard to Subdue and but few 
oxen in the Settlement: which obliges them to seek there 
Supplys of Provitions at a great Distance and at a Great Dis- 
advantage and to Pay for them in Small manuf acturies which 
still has an attendancy to keep them under such circumstances 
as above mentioned 

David Gile, \ 

Morgan Lewis, Inhabitants of Sanford 

Nathe' Conant ) 



Memorial Inhah*^ Fird Pariah, Scarborough. 

To the Hon*"^ General Court of the comon Wealth of IMassa- 
chusetts 
1 The Memorial of the Iidiabitants of the first Parish in 
Scarborough in the County of ("umberland Thomas Lancaster 
Minister of said Parish & Nehemiah Libby of s** Scarborough 
Yeoman liuniljly shews that a Tract of Parsonage Land in s^ 
Scarborough belonging to s'* Parish containing Eighteen 
Acres & one Hundred & forty one square Rods and lying on 
the Southeast Side of the high Way over Beach Ridge so 
called in s*^ Scarborough and Bounded as follows viz' Begin- 
ning at a White Maple marked four sides and the Letter P 
and runs Southwest Seventy three Rods to the s'^ High way 
then N'orth four Degrees west 104 rods by the High Way 



86 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

then N, E. five Rods then S. E. Eighty Rods to the maple 
Tree first mentioned Lies at such a Distance from where the 
Minister of s** first Parish now liveth and in all Probability 
from where any future Minister of s** Parish must hereafter 
live that it is not nor ever will be of much use or Service to 
the Minister of s** Parish yet it is in such a Situation & the 
Bounds thereof so interferes with Lands belonging to s** 
Nehimiah Libby as to be exceedingly profitable to him, and 
the s*" Inhabitants of s^ first Parish and their present Minister 
the s'^ Thomas Lancaster of the one part and the s^ Nehimiah 
Libby on the other are very desirous of making an exchange 
of s** Parsonage Land for sundry pieces of Salt Marsh & 
thatch Bed in s^ Scarborough containing in the whole about 
fourteen Acres and the property of the s*^ Nehemiah Libby 
and which is handy & convenient to the present Minister of 
said Parish & must probably be so to any future one, Which 
Exchange if it could be effected would be of very great Serv- 
ice to s** Parish to their s*^ Minister & the s" Nehemiah Libby 
and not the least Damage to any Person in the World as no 
other Person have any Interest or concern therein — Where- 
fore they humbly Pray that the Inhabitants of said parish by 
their Committee and the s** Thomas Lancaster may be im- 
powred to make said Exchange with the s*^ l^ehemiah Libby 
& they and he authorised to make and execute a good & suffi- 
cient Deed in Law of s^ Parsonage Land to the s^ Nehemiah 
Libby his Heirs & Assigns for ever on his the s^ Nehemiah 
Libbee's making a like Deed to them of a^ Salt Marsh and 
Thatch Bed for the use of the Ministry in s'' Parish in Scar- 
borough for ever, and as in duty Bound will ever pray 

/ Com'^^ of the 

Wm Tompson i ^ . r> • i, • d 
^ I first Parish m s 

^ * \ Town, of Scarborough 

Thos Lancaster \ Minister of s** Parish 

Scarborough Sep* 6*'' 1782 — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 87 

Certificate and Order in Favor Thomas Thomas. 

This Certifies ^ That the sum of Eighteen hundred & six 
pounds, seventeen shillings & six pence, for seven thirty 
second parts of the Arm'd Ship Vengeance, appurtenances & 
six pair of six pound Cannon lost on the Penobscot Expedi- 
tion 1779 and Interest thereon, also thirty six pounds for 
Wages as Commander of said Ship, the whole amounting to 
the sum of One thousand, eight hundred & forty two pounds, 
seventeen shillings & six pence in specie, became due to Cap^ 
Thomas Thomas, the 5^*" Instant, which when paid will be in 
full for the same— 1842 . 17 . 6 

Thomas Ivers ) Com^" for Audit^ the Ace*' 

Peter Roe Dalton \ of the late Board of War — 

His ExcelF the Governor & the Hon**'^ the Council of the 
Commonw*'' of Massachusetts Boston ll**" Sep' 1782 

In Council Sepf 14'" 1782 

R** & Advised that a Warrant be dravsm on the Treas'' in 

full of the above Certificate agreeable to Resolve of 28'" Jan^ 

1782 

John Avery Sec^ 



Petition Selectmen Town Coxhall. 

To the Hon'''*' Senate k House of Representatives of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts in general Court as- 
sembled 

September 18'" 1782 

The Petition of the Select Men of the Town of Coxhall in 
the County of York Humbly shew, that they never received 
the Resolve of Court passed the 2°** day of December 1780 
for procuring Soldiers for the Continental Army that on or 



88 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

about the lO^*" day of May 1781 Three Men belonging to said 
Town were Inlisted into the Continental Army to serve 
Three years by the Inhabitants of other Towns & being a 
New Town not having been Incorporated more than one year 
they thought it would be sufficient without any further or 
other procedure to return the Xames &c of said Men to the 
Superintendant of the County which was accordingly done 
However some Time ago the Treasurer of the Commonwealth 
Issued his Execution against the Select Men of said Town 
for the year 1781 for the Amount of the Fines of the said 
Three Men to pay which woud totally ruin them It was 
impossible for the Town to raise the Money to pay the Fines 
there not being a Tenth of a Sum Sufficient for that purpose 
in Town & at the same Time other Taxes were to be paid 
Therefore being in perplexity your Petitioner applied to some 
Gentlemen in a Neighbouring Town for Advice who recom- 
mended to us to procure the Three Soldiers & Send them 
forward to the Army which was done accordingly as will ap- 
pear by a Certificate from Cap^ Sam* Carr a continental 
Muster Master herewith to be presented The Expence of pro- 
curing said Three Men amounted to Two Hundred & Seventy 
iSTine Pounds, the greater part of which is Still owed Where- 
fore as the said Town is poor & small as well as l^ew your 
Petitioners humbly beg that their case & circumstances may 
be taken into the Consideration of the Legislature that the 
whole of the said Fines may be remitted & that the Sheriff 
of the said County may be directed to return the said Execu- 
tion fully Satisfied & your Petitioners, as in duty bound will 

ever pray &c 

Joshua Ricker | Selectmen 
Ezra Kimball \ of Coxhall 

In Senate Sep* 20'*^ 1782 

Read & thereupon Orderd, that Nathaniel Wells Esq"" w**" 
such as the Hon"'^ House shall join be a Committee to take the 



OF THE STATE OF :^.rAI>'E 89 

Petition into consideration & report what is proper to be done 
thereon — 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 

In the House of Representatives Sepf 20**^ 1782. 

Read & concurred & CoP Grow & M"" Barrett of Concord 

are joined. 

Nath Gorham Speaker 



Petition Martha Oxnard. 

To the Honorable Sennet and the Hon*"" House of Represen- 
tatives of the State of Massachusetts Bay in General 
Court Assembled 
The Petition of Martha Oxnard of Falmouth in the County 
of Cumberland & Commonwealth of Massachusetts, humbly 
sheweth, that your Petitioner's Husband is one of the Ab- 
sentees, and now resident at Penobscot — that he has never 
taken up Arms against his Country nor has he in The least 
degree been concerned in any Armed Vessell to Cruize against 
the United States of America that your Petitioner is now in 
Falmouth with three small Children neither of which is seven 
years Old, it is not from any attachment to the British Gov- 
ernment that I ever had any inclination to leave my iSTative 
Country, but the tender connections that should always Sub- 
sist between J\ran and Wife, and the many inconveniences 
that attend liveing seperate is my only motive, and hope will 
plead an excuse for my troubling your Honor at this time — 
as there is no prospect of your Petitioners Husband having 
liberty to return to this Commonw'ealth She therefore most 
Humbly prays that she may have Liberty granted Her to 
proceed to Penobscot with Her three Children two Servant 
Maids and only a part of her Household Furniture ^ and 
that she mav have leave to Hire a small Schooner about 



90 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

twenty tons Named the Hazzard John Thurlo Master and 
that a Flag may be granted Accordingly and your Petitioner 
as in Duty bound Shall ever pray — 

Martha Oxnard 

Resolve on Foregoing. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate Sep"" 23*' 1782. 
On the petition of Martha Oxnard praying for leave to go 
to her Husband at Penobscot ^ Resolved that the prayer of 
the Petition be granted and that the said Martha Oxnard be 
& she is hereby permitted to go to Penobscot, by the way of a 
Flag as prayed for in the petition and that she have leave 
to take with her two servant Maids, and such part of her 
Household Goods as the Selectmen of Falmouth shall admit 
of — not to remove from the said Penobscot to any other part 
of this Commonwealth without leave from the General 
Court — 

Sent down for Concurrence S Adams Presid' 
In the House of Representatives Sep* 23** 1782. 

Read & concurred Nathaniel Gorham Speaker 

Approv'd John Hancock 

Resolve on Petition Selectmen of Coxhall. 

The Committee of both Houses appointed to consider of 
the Petition of the Select Men of the Town of Coxhall & Re- 
port have attended that Service and ask leave to Report the 

following Resolve 

Nath' Wells p^ Order 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate Septem^ 23"''* 1782 

Whereas it appears that the Resolve of the general Court 

passed the 2°"* day of December, 1780 for raising Soldiers for 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 91 

the Continental Service was not Received in the Town of 
Coxhall previous to the Issuing an Execution against the 
Select Men of said Town on x\ccount of a Neglect of Duty- 
required by said Resolve ; since which they have at great ex- 
pence procured Three good & effective Men to serve Three 
years & delivered the same to one of the Continental Muster 
Masters being the Quota required of said Town by said Re- 
solve & have by their Petition for reasons therein set forth 
prayed for an Exemption from any Fine or Penalty for not 
furnishing said Soldiers sooner. Therefore ^ Resolved that 
the prayer of said Petition be granted & that the said Town 
& the Selectmen thereof be & hereby are excused & exempted 
from any Fine or Penalty which they may have incurred for 
not procuring their said Soldiers sooner & that the Sheriff of 
the County of York be & hereby is directed to Return the said 
Execution Issued in Consequence of a Deficiency of said Sol- 
diers in said Towns to the Treasurer of the Commonwealth as 
satisfied in full any Law or Resolve to the contrary notwith- 
standing — 

Read & accepted. 

Sent down for Concurrence S Adams Presid* 
In the House of Representatives Sepf 23" 1782 

Read & concurred Nath Gorham Speaker 

Approv'd John Hancock 

Resolve in re Confiscation of Estates. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives September 24''' 1782 
Whereas. In pursuance of the Law of this Commonwealth 
intituled ''an Act for Confiscating the Estates of certain per- 
sons commonly called Absentees" Complaints were Exhibited 
to the Justices of the Inferior Court of Common Pleas for 
the County of Lincoln on the last Tuesday of September 



92 i)OCu:NrENTArLY history 

Anno Domini 1781 — against Sylvester Gardiner, Charles 
Callahan, John Lee William Vassal David Phips &, Charles 
AYard Apthorp alledging that the Land lately owned by them 
respectively, lying within the same County were forfeited & 
escheated, which complaints were duly Continued to the then 
next Inferiour Court of Common Pleas to be holden for said 
County on the first Tuesday of June A. D. 1782 and noti- 
fications of the same were duly published according to Law 
at which last named Town the same Complaints ought to 
have been continued to the last Tuesday of September then 
next, but by mistake Judgment was then rendered against 
them by Default, whereby some Persons may be deprived of 
an opportunity of claiming the same, therefore ^ Resolved 
that the Justices of the Inferiour Court of Common Pleas 
for the County of Lincoln be and they hereby are impowered 
and directed to erase the Record of the Default of the said 
Complaints and to enter the same Continued ^ and that to the 
next term, being the last Tuesday of September A. D. 1782 
the Same Complaints be brought forward as Continued and 
that any Claim to the same be received as tho' the same Com- 
plaints had not been defaulted, & that then the same Proceed- 
ings shall be had on the same Complaints as tho the same 
had been regularly continued to the said last Tuesday of 
September & from thence to the said first Tuesday of June 
next & that Notice of this Continuance be published in the 
public Newspapers & for the same Length of Time as by Law 
the first Notice of the Libels against such Estates is by Law 
to be published 

Sent up for concurrence 

Nathaniel Gorham Speaker. 
In Senate October 2^ 1782 

Read & Concurred as taken into a New Draft 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid* 



OF THE STATE OF MA1^•E 93 

In the House of Kepresentatives Nov'" 11"^ 1782 
Read and Concurred 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
Approv'd John Hancock. 

Memorial Thomas Porter. 

To the Hon"'" Senate & Hon*"" House of Representatives in 

General Court Assembled 

Sep* ST**- 1782. 

I The Memorial of Thomas Porter of Topsfield in the 
County of Essex & Stephen Longfellow Jun"" of Gorham in 
the County of Cumberland Humbly shews That the s'^ Thomas 
Porter being Head of a Class in s"* Town of Topsfield. pro- 
cured Timothy Bacon as a Soldier for the Continental Army 
agreeable to a Resolve of the general Court the 2^ of Dec"" 
1780 which Soldier has since been determined agreeable to 
s*^ Resolve properly to belong to s'' Town of Gorham, where- 
fore your Memorialists humbly pray that s** Town of Gorham 
may be discharged from the deficiency of one Man they stand 
charg'd Avith & the s^ Tho^ Porter be allow'd some proper 
Time to procure another ]\Ian V Memorialists as in Duty 

Ixiund will ever pray 

Thomas Porter 

Stephen Longfellow Jun"" in behalf of the 

Town of Gorham 

Resolve on Same. 

Com°on Wealth Massachusetts — 

House of Representatives Sepf 30*'' 1782 
On the Petition of Thomas Porter & Stephen Longfellow — 
^ Resolv'd that the Treasurer of this com''on Wealth lie & 
hereby is directed to discharge the Town of Gorham from 



94 DOCUMENTARY HISTOKY 

the deficiency of one Man they stand Charg'd with upon the 
resolve of the 2^ of Dec^ 1780 & that Thomas Porter of Tops- 
field be allow'd forty Days to procure a Man in lieu thereof — 
Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
In Senate Oct' 24*" 1782 

If Read & Concurred as taken into a New Draft. 
Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid* 

In the House of Representatives Nov'' 1'' 1782 
Read and concurred 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
Approv'd John Hancock 



Resolve Additional to Foregoing, 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Sepf 30, 1782 
On the Petition of Thomas Porter & Stephen Longfellow 
I Resolved that the Treasurer of this Commonwealth be & 
hereby is directed to discharge the town of Gorham from the 
deficiency of one man they stand charged with upon the Re- 
solve of the 2" of Dec'' 1780 And in order to Prevent a 
deficiency in the Quota of men Sett on the town of Topsfield 
by the aforesaid Resolve — | It is further Resolved, that 
Thomas Porter of Topsfield one of said Petitioners, be and 
hereby is directed and Required to procure one able bodied 
man to serve in the Continental Army for three years or 
dureing the War (in Lue of the man taken from the Town 
of Topsfield and carried to the credit of the town of Gorham 
by the determination of the Muster-master) And to the Ac- 
ceptance of the Continental Muster-master at Boston and 
Take his receipt for said Soldiers; Which Receipt shall be 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 95 

Lodged in the Treasurers office on or before the tenth day of 
Dec"" next. And in case of neglect or refusal he the said 
Porter shall Forfitt and pay a fine of Eighty five pounds 
thirteen shillings ; equal to the average price of the men 
raised agreable to a Resolve of the Gen' Court Passed the 
Second of Dec"" 1780 — And in case of neglect or refusal as 
aforesaid, the Treasurer of this Commonwealth is hereby di- 
rected to isue his execution against the said Thomas Porter 
for the said fine Without delay — 



Petition James Avery. 

To the Hon'ble the Senate & Honble House of Representatives 
of the Commonwealth of ^Massachusetts. 
^ The Petition of James Avery of Boston Humbly Sheweth, 
^ That your Petitioner is most earnestly requested by Lieu* 
William Albee, Commanding the Artillery Company at 
Machias, to inform the Hon'ble Court that the indigent State 
of the Stores there has prevented his receiving from the Com- 
pany his Rations, which appears by the Certificates herewith 
presented. — Therefore requests the Hon'ble Court would per- 
mit him to receive them from the Company's Store at this 
place as he has a large family who are in the utmost distress 
for want of the necessaries of Life, and there remains no 
possibility of procuring such necessaries in that part of the 
Country where he is stationed. 1[ Your Petitioner wou'd 
be insensible to the calls of himianitv if he did not comply 
with the request of the Men lately under his Command, in 
laying before the Hon'ble Court their truly piteous Situa- 
tion for want of Cloathing — they have not received any for 
above Eighteen Months and are now entirely destitute; the 
Winter Season now approaching and they Stationed in part 
of the Country very Severe, must prevent their doing any 



06 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

kind of duty and Suffer for the want of wliich as will appear 
by their Representation herewith presented. ^ Your Peti- 
tioner as in Duty Bound will ever pray 

Jas Avery 
In Senate Sep' 30'*' 1782. 

% Read & thereupon Orderd that this Petition be committed 
to the Committee of both Houses appointed on the petition of 
John Preble ; to consider the same with the papers accom- 
panying & report what is proper to be done thereon 
Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 
In the House of Representatives Oct" 7'^ 1782 
Read & concurred 

ISTath Gorham Speaker. 

Resolve in re Naval Officer at Machias. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Sepf 30"^ 1782 

Ordered that M*" Lewis, M"" Frazier and Cap' Dench with 

such as the Hon Senate may join be a Committee to consider 

of the propriety of appointing a Naval Officer at the Port of 

Machias 

Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
In Senate October 1^' 1782 

Read & Nonconcurred & thereupon Ordered that the Sub- 
ject Matter of the above order be referrd to the Committee 
of both Houses appointed on the Letters from Col" Allan & 
CoP Lithgow 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 
In the House of Representatives Oct° 2" 1782 
Read & concurred 

Nath Gorham Speaker 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 97 

Memorial Isaac Snow. 

To the Honorable Senate, & the Honorable House of Repre- 
sentatives of the Commonwealth of Mass Bay 
I The Memorial of Isaac Snow in behalf of the Town of 
Harpswell in the Coimty of Cumberland, humbly shews, That 
in the last Valuation, the said Town was assessed in an undue 
Proportion with the other Towns in s** County, — he there 
fore prays a Committee may be appointed to inquire into the 
Premises, and relieve the said Town in such way and man- 
ner as may appear to be just and equitable, and your Memo- 
rialist as in duty bound will ever pray. 
Boston 24 June 1782 Isaac Snow 

Resolve Relating to Harpswell. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Ocf 2'* 1782 

On the Memorial of Isaac Snow, Resolved that the Town 

of Harpswell; be abated Five Shillings in the Thousand 

Pounds of the last Valuation, and that the same be laid on a 

Plantation called West Boidenham, in the County of Lincoln. 

Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
In Senate October Q''^ 1782 

Read & Concurred S Adams Presid* 

Approv'd John Hancock 

This Certifies that We the subscribers Representatives of 
a number of Towns in the County of Lincoln think it reason- 
able that five Shillings in the Thousand Pound be abated to 
the Town of Harpswell in the County of Cumberland in the 
last Valuation & that the same be laid on a plantation in the 
8^ County of Lincoln called West Bowdoinham because a 
great number of the Inhabitants of s"^ Bowdoinham belong'd 



98 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

to s^ Harpswell when the Valuation was setled & were not 
given in for any Town in the Connty of Lincoln — 

Sam' ]\PCobb Mason Wheaton 
Jacob Ludwig Alex'" Nickels 
Boston Ocf O*" 1782. 

Certificate of Auditing Committee. 

This Certifies, | That the sum of Four hundred & eighty 
six pounds twelve shillings & six pence, for one sixteenth part 
of the armed Ship Hunter, appur &"'' lost at Penobscott 1779, 
& ninety four pounds seventeen shillings & eight pence, for 
Interest thereon amounting to Five hundred & eighty one 
pounds ten shillings <Sr two pence in specie, is due to Barth" 
Putnam — also that the sum of Four hundred & eighty six 
pounds twelve shillings six pence, for another sixteenth part 
of the loss of s" Ship Hunter app*" k" and ninety four pounds, 
seventeen shillings & eight pence for Inf thereon, amo*^ to 
Five hundred & Eighty one pounds, ten shillings & two pence 
in Specie, is due to Jacob Ashton — also that the sum of three 
hundred d^^ eighty one pounds, two shilP^ & five pence, in part 
of loss of s" ship Hunter, h seventy four pounds six shillings, 
four pence for Interest thereon, amo'^ to the sum of Four 
hundred & fifty five pounds, eight shillings & nine pence in 
specie, is due to Simon Forrester — amounting in the whole 
to the Sum of One Thousand, six hundred & eighteen pounds, 
nine Shillings & one penny in Specie, which when paid to 
Cap' Benjamin Goodhue Jun"" will be in full for the same — 
£1618.9.1 

\ Com*^^ for 
Peter Roe Dalton { Audit^ the 
Thomas Ivers ( Acc*^ of the late 
/ Board of War 

His ExcelP the Governor & the Hon*"^ the Council of Com- 
nionw"' of Massach'' Boston Octo S** 1782. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 99 

In Council Ocf 4 1782 

R** & Advised That Warrants be drawn on the Treas^ in 
favor of each of the persons mentioned in this Certificate 
agreeable to Resolve of 28'*' Jan^ 1782 

John Avery Sec^ 



Petition John Prehle and Accompanying Papers. 

To the Honble Senate & House of Representatives of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 
The Petition of John Preble Humbly Sheweth 
That your Petitioner has been in the Service of his Coun- 
try ever since the Commencement of the Present War & for 
these five years past a Captin in the Continental Service in 
Colo Allan's Department — being Stationed in that Destitute 
part of the Country, were nearly half the Time without any 
Supplys whatever from the Public, by which means your 
Petitioner has a Considerable Quantity of Back Rations due 
to him, as will appear by the Commissarys Certificates here- 
with presented — and such Articles not being had there your 
Petitioner Humbly Prays your Honors will l)e pleased to 
permit him to Receive from the Commissarys Store here such 
Rations as is his Due — 

Your Petitioner woud by leave further to inform the 
Hon'ble Court that on the 22"* of ]\Iay 1781, he rec" an order 
from his Comd^ Officer go as a Pilot on board the State Ship 
Marrs Cruizing on the Eastern Coast, and some time after 
had permission from his Exc^ the Governor to go as Pilot in 
the State Sloop Commanded by Cap* ISTevens Cruizing on 
said Coast for which he rec'd £5 p"" Mo^ during the time he 
was on board, which he Considered as a Gratuety for his Extra 
Services, but your Petitioner finds that on making up of the 
Pay Roll for the Past year his Continental pay was Retain'd 



100 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

during the whole time he was aboard said Vessells, altho' what 
he rec'd was not more than one third of his Pay allowed by 
Congress and he was aboard Doing Duty by Order of his 
Conid^' Officer — Therefore your Petitioner Humbly Prays 
your Honors won"* be pleased to Direct the Committee on 
Rolls to make him up for the Time that his Pay was Retain'd, 
and as in Duty Bound will ever pray — 

John Preble. 
In Senate Sep"" 27'^ 1782 

Read & thereupon Orderd that John Bliss Esq"" with such 
as the Hon"'® House shall join be a Committee to take this 
Petition into consideration, together with the papers accom- 
panying the same, & make report thereon 
Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid* 

In the House of Representatives Sepf 28, 1782 

Read and concurred & Col° Grow & M"" Longfellow are 

joined 

Nath Gorham Speaker 

These Certifey that Capt John Preble of the Indian De- 
part hath Received from this store but fourteen Rations of 
Meat & thirty eight Rations of Bread from the Last day of 
March unto this date 

p"" Stephen Smith Com^ 

Com^ Store Machias August 16, 1782 
These Certifey that Capt John Preble of the Indian De- 
partment hath received from this Store since the Last day of 
January last past unto this date But thirty five Rations of 
Bread & meat in all he has Received unto this Date and Never 
Received More than a Singel Ration when he did Receive 

his Provisions 

p"" Stephen Smith Comisary 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 101 

Com" Store Machias, :A[arch 31, 1781 
Tliese Certify that Cap^ John Preble of the Indian Depart- 
ment hath Received But only a Singel Ration of Provision 
from this Store at any time Since the twentyeth day of Jan- 
uary last past and that there Remains Due to him thirty 
Rations of Bread to Make up his Singel Ration to this Date 

p"" Stephen Smith Comisary 

Conmaon Wealth of Massachusetts 

f The Committee appointed to consider the Petition of 
John Preble & papers accompanying the same beg leave to 
report the following Resolve — f; John Bliss p"" Order Re- 
solved that the Comissary general, of this comon Wealth be 
directed to pay John Preble Captain of a Company of In- 
dians in the Eastern department under Col" John Allen £49 
in Money or Provisions being for 1470 back Rations due to 
him from the 20'*'' of Jan^ 1781 to the IG^*^ of August 1782 
at Eight pence p"" Ration, & Charge the same to the United 
States — 

In Senate Ocf 3, 1782. 
Read & Accepted 

Sent down for Concurrence S Adams Presid' 

In the House of Representatives Oct" 4'*' 1782 
Read and concurred 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
Approv'd John Hancock 

Com" Store Machias Septem"" 30, 1781 

Action on Petition First Parish, Scarborough. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In House of Representatives Ocf 4"^ 1782 
On the Petition of the first Parish in Scarborough in the 
County of Cumberland, Thomas Lancaster Minister of s** 



102 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Parish & Nehemiah Libby of s** Scarborough, Yeoman, pray- 
ing that the Committee of s** Parish & the said Thomas Lan- 
caster may be impowered to make & execute a good & suffi- 
cient Deed in Law of a certain Tract of parsonage Land in s** 
Scarborough upon his the s*^ ISTehemiah Libby's making a like 
Deed of s** Parish of Sundry pieces of Salt Marsh & Thatch 
Bed for the use of the Ministry in s"^ Parish in exchange 
therefor — 

Kesolv*^ That William Tompson Esq' and M"" William 
Vaughn Committee of the tirst Parish in s^ Scarborough & 
Thomas Lancaster Minis= of s^ Parish be and hereby are 
impowred to make & execute a good & sufficient Deed in Law 
to the s'^ Nehemiah Libby his Heirs and assigns forever of a 
certain Tract of parsonage Land in s'' Scarborough containing 
Eighteen Acres & One Hundred & forty one square Kods 
lying on the Southeast Side of the high Way over Beach 
Ridge so call** in s*^ Scarborough, the Bounds whereof men- 
tioned in s** Petition are as follows viz' — Beginning at a 
white maple mark'd four Sides and the letter P & runs South- 
west Seventy three Rods to the s*^ high way then North four 
Degrees West One Hundred & four Rods by the high way 
then Northeast five Rods then Southeast Eighty rods to the 
Maple Tree first mentioned — upon his the s'' Nehemiah 
Libby's making a like Deed to them of s** Salt Marsh & 
Thatch Bed for the use of the Ministry in s** Parish in Scar- 
borough for ever 

Sent up for concurrence 

j-Tathaniel Gorham Speaker 

In Senate October 19*'^ 1782 
Read & Concurred 

S Adams Presid' 
Approv'd John Hancock 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 103 

Certificates Accompanying Resolve. 

This may Certify that I fully concur that the desired Ex- 
change of Parsonage Lands for Salt Marsh should be made 
between y^ said M"" Lancaster & Nehem" Libbee both of Scar- 
borough from me — 

Benj° Chadwick 
Scarboro August 16, 1782. 

This may Testify that W"' Tompson Escf & ^l' W" 
Vaughn are a Committee Chosen by the First Parish in Scar- 
borough at a leagal parish Meeting To join with M*" Th° 
Lancaster to petition the General Court For the Exchange 
of a peice of the parsonage for Marsh Tract. 

Ebenz"" Libby p"" Clerk 

Five Acres & Seventeen Square rods of Salt marsh Scituate 
in Scarborough Near none Such River So call** Bovmded as 
follows, beginning by the up land at y** head of a Ditch, thence 
running by sd Ditch South 25 Degrees east, 10 Rods thence 
South one degree west 4 Rods & one Quarter thence west 43 
Rods to the up land thence by s** up land ISTorth nine Degrees 
east 16 Rods, thence north 72 Degrees East 18 Rods thence 
South 80 Degrees east 21 Rods to y^ first mentioned bounds 

A certain Tract of Salt marsh Situate in Scarborough con- 
taining two Acres be y* Same more or less bounded As fol- 
lows Adjoining on y^ western corner by Marsh of Fergus 
Flagins deceasd now in Possession of Joseph Boothby Thence 
running Southwest to a Six acre or ^feserves Island tS: so to 
continue round by S** Island from thence to a ditch cutt in 
the marsh or however otherwise the same may be bounded or 
described. 

The Thatch bed Lying on the great Thatch bed (so Cal'' 
Begins at a stake Standing at the Southwest Cornor of Ebenz'' 
Libby^ thatch bead adjoining Cap* Tylers Thatch bead and 



104 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

runs east 15 "^^ South 6 rods werst Forty five rods Containing 
one acor & 143 Square rods. 

the Parsonage Land That Lieth on the East Side of the 
high way over beach ridg in Scarborough is Bounded as 
Follows Viz* Beginning at a white Mapel Tree Marked Four 
Sids & the P and runs South Werst 73 rods To the s** high 
way then 'N 40*^^ w one hundred & Four rods By the high way 
then IST-E 5 rods Then South East eighty rods To the First 
Bounds the Mapel Tree afors'' Containing Eighteen acors & 
one hundred & Forty one Square rods 

The peice of high Marsh which Lieth ISTear Mill Crick) 
So Cold (is bounded as Folers Viz Beginning at a Stake 
Standing at Richard Libbys South werst Coruor and runs 
South Eighteen d= W 40 rods then East 11 ''^ South 6 '"^^ & 
20 Linlvs then li 26 "^^ E 40 rods To S*^ Libbys Marsh then by 
S"^ Marsh w 11 *^^ N to the First Bounds Containing two 
acors & 62 Square rods 

the Low Marsh That Lies a joining to Mill Crick is 
Bounded as Foloweth Viz Beginning at the South East Cor- 
ner of the Widow Hannah Libbys Marsh & runs S 54 ^^ E 
171/2 rods to said Crick then N" 15 "^^ E 12 rods by s** Crick 
then N 36 "^ E 10 rods then N 17 ''^ w 4 rods to the Mouth 
of a Small Crick then South westerly By S** Crick as S** 
Crick runs to the s" Widow Libby' Marsh afores then S"* 32 
^^ w to the First Bounds Containing two acors & a half 

Memorial Justices Court Lincoln County. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts To the Honorable the 
Senate, and the Honorable House of Representatives, in 
General Court assembled 

October 4, 1782 
The Memorial of the Justices of the Court of General Ses- 
sions of the peace, within the County of Lincoln, humbly 
sheweth. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 105 

That in the year 1778, there was a small Tax assessed upon 
the Inhabitants of this County, which was insufficient to dis- 
charge the Debts then against the County, since which there 
has been no Tax assessed, except One in the Year 1780, which 
was chiefly collected and paid into the Treasury in ^Money 
of the old Emission, which is now in the Hands of the Treas- 
urer, — by Eeason whereof, the County is now greatly in 
Debt ; a proper and particular Estimate of which, it is im- 
possible to lay before your Honors in Season, so that an As- 
sessment may be made at the said Court of General Sessions 
of the Peace v/hich now stands adjourned to the third Tues- 
day in I^ovember next ; and unless they can then make an 
Assessment, it must necessarily be delayed till next June, 
and will be more than a Year before any Money can be collected 
and paid into the Treasury, which would be very detrimental 
to the country and involve them in many Difficulties — They 
therefore pray that they may, at said Court to be held on the 
third Tuesday of November next, be impowered to assess the 
Sum of five hundred pounds upon the several Towns and 
plantations within said County towards discharging the Debts 
and necessary Expeuces of said County, which Sum, upon the 
best Computation they are at present able to make, will be 
wanted (and indeed will be insufficient) to discharge the De- 
mands now against the County, exclusive of what may arise 
before another Assessment can be made, And as in Duty 
bound &c 

Signed by Order of Court Jon* Bowman Cler 

Josiah Brewer to Richard Devens Esq. 

Fort Halifax Ocf 4^'' 1782 
Sir 

I have ship** on board the Schooner Policy Capt Sanmell 
Oakesman master fifty eight mooshides Eleven Pair Skins 



lOG DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

one barrel of Furs Containing — 103 Musk quash 26 Sables 
5 minks 5 Catts 1 otter 4 Small Kackoons 18 bever Skins, 
which is all the Skins and furs of every kind that I have 
Received Should be Glad if you Could Send by the barrer or 
by Cap* Samuell Howard, three monthes provision for the 
thirty Indians of Orinos Tribe of Penobscott which are now 
Dayli Coming in after there provision I send you the per- 
ticulars of what is still Remaining in the Truck House viz. 

Fare 
barrels of Flour 2 10 25 

Rec'd in Octo"" 1779 1 3 17 20 

2 24 



5 3 27 69 

100 pounds Shott 

100 d° Powder 

100 d° Musket Ball 

4 barrels pork 215 Each 

40 Tin Measures 

10 Ruggs 

1 firkin Butter 2 20 13 Fare 
45 Grose pipes 

2 peices Sheeting 

1 Dozen Handkerchiefs 

4 J)° Steels 
15 Tin Kittles 
What Remaines in the Truck which was Rec'd in Novem"" 
28, 1780 Viz. 40 }"^' Dowles 10 do Linnen 40 Cotton 600 
Flints 54 y^ Towe Cloath 100 pounds powder 16 Blankets 
40 y^ Baize 2951/2 Goose Shott 72 Hatchits 100 pounds 
Musket Balls 250 pound Tobaco 15 Dozen Gun Worms 10 
peices wide binding 15 y"* Yallow Baizje 

What was Rec'd in 1781 Now Remaining 20 f' Strip" 
Woolen 50 do. blew Batten 31 Gal molasses 6 pounds Ver- 



OF THE STATE OF :\rAINE 107 

milion 25 yds blew Broad Cloath 20 doz° french Knifes 

I have Trusted the Indians to the Value of one Hundred 

Pounds — 

I am with the Greatest Respect Your most Obedient 

Humble Servant 

Josiah Brewer Truck Master. 

Superscribed : Eichard Devens Esq"" Comm^ General Boston 



Memorial Selectmen of Fryehurg. 

To the general Court of Massachusetts 

The Memorial and Petition of the Select men of the Town 
of Fryeburg in the County of York, humbly sheweth, that on 
the fourth Day of august, 1781, this and the Xeighbouring 
Towns were greatly alarmed on Receiving Intelligence that 
a boddy of Indians had made an assault on the Township of 
Sudbury Cannada, (so called) and Places adjoining on and 
near Amorescoggin River, killing and Carrying Captive the 
Inhabitants and Destroying their Property, and soon after 
Receiving a Letter from a Number of the Inhabitants of those 
Townships, Setting forth their Distress and Craving Speedy 
Relief. We as Select-men (being destitute of IMilitia officers 
by Reason of our not haveing received orders for the Choice 
of such officers agreeable to the Constitution) Imediately 
assembled the Inhabitants of this Town, and Detached Twenty 
three Men to their Relief who went in Persute of the Enemy, 
but Returned five Days after without being able to overtake 
them, after the Return of this Party, Further application 
was made to us, by Letter from the aforesaid Distressed In- 
habitants, for further assistance, as they were under appre- 
hentions of a Returne of the Savages, and being an Infant 
Plantation, unable to Defend themselves. Whereupon we 
Sent a Party of men as a guard to the Inhabitants and Con- 



108 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

tinned that till the 24'*^ of Sepf when they were Releived by 
a Detachment of the militia orderd by Brig"^"" Gen*"" Frost for 
their Protection under the Command of Cap* John Evans, 
and agreeable to the Direction of Brig'''' Frost in a Letter to 
us. We have Supplied the Detachment with Rations to the 
fourth of December, 1781 : as Likewise the other Parties Sent 
from this Town (Except the first) including Six men Sent 
from Bridgeton, who joined the Party Sent by us, as may 
appear by a pay Role herewith transmitted to the General 
Court haveing Represented these facts — 

Our Humble Petition to the Honorable Court is that they 
would be Pleased to allow Pay and Subsistance, for the party 
of twenty three men first sent, as Likewise Pay for the second 
Party sent by us, as a guard, and for the Rations, Supplied 
Dureing the Continuance of that guard, and also, for the 
Rations Supplied the Militia order'd by Brig'^'' Gen" Frost, 
and also for ammunition Supplied out of our Town Stock to 
Cap* Evans, for said Militia — 

We as in Duty bound Shall Ever Pray — 

Moses Ames \ Selectmen 

Richard Kimball > of 

Samuel Walker / Fryeburg 

Fryeburg 1^' March 1782 



Resolve on Foregoing, 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Ocf 7**' 1782 

On the Petition of the Select Men of the Town of Frye- 
burgh for Services & disburstments for the defence of the 
Commonwealth 

Resolv'd that the Comittee on Muster Roles & Accounts be 
& hereby are directed to examine the Roles & Accounts men- 



OF THE STATE OF ]MAINE 100 

tioned in s^ Petition & allow what may be found Jnstly due 

thereon — 

Sent up for concurrence 

ISTath Gorham Speaker 
In Senate Ocf 10^'' 1782 

Read & Concurred 

S Adams Presid* 

Approv'd John Hancock 

Memorial of Col. Hunter. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts To the Hon'ble the Senate 
& the Hon'ble the House of Representatives in General 
Court assembled 

The Memorial of Coll" James Huntter Commander of a 
Regiment stationed at Broad Bay in the Service of this 
Common Wealth 

Humbly Shews 

That said Regiment is wholly destitute of necessary sup- 
plies of Provisions of all kinds that for the purpose of 
Obtaining fresh supplies of Provision he has sent forward 
to Boston Lieu* Samuel Hussey of said Regiment, he there- 
fore intreats that this Hon'ble Court will be pleased to pass 
a Resolve permitting him to draw from the Commissary Gen- 
eral Store of this Commonwealth what provision he may 
think needfull for the supply of said Regiment and he as in 

duty Bound wnll pray — 

James Huntter Com' 



Resolve on Foregoing. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the house of Representatives Oct^ 12**^ 1782 
Resolved that Col" James Hunter with the Officers and 
Soldiers under his Command and Stationed in the County of 



110 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Lincoln be Discharged from the Service for which they were 
Respectively engaged from and after the 20"^ ^ Day of this 
present Month ^ and that their Roles be made up and paid to 
that time and no longer 

Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
In Senate Nov^ 2" 1782 

Read & Concurred with Amendment at A dele from A to 
B k insert the twentieth Day of I^ovember next 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 

In the House of Representatives Nov"" 2"* 1782 
Read and concurred 

Xath Gorham Speaker 
Approv'd John Hancock 



Resolve on Petition Jonathan Boirman. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Ocf 14*'' 1782 
On the Petition of Jonathan Bowman Esq*" Clerk of the 
Court of General Sessions of the Peace for the County of 
Lincoln on Behalf of the said Court Resolved, 

That the Prayer of the said Petition be granted Sz that the 
Justices of the said Court be k they hereby are empowered to 
assess upon the Polls k Estates of the Inhabitants of the said 
County the Sum of five hundred Pounds for defraying the 
Charges therein mentioned 

Sent up for concurrence 

Xath Gorham Speaker 
In Senate October U'"" 1782 
Read & Concurred 

S Adams Presid* 
Approv'd John Hancock 



OF THE STATE OF irAIXE 111 

Certificate in Favor Schr. Unity. 

This Certifies 

That the Sum of Eighteen pounds sixteen shillings & six 
pence, for one sixteenth part of the loss k hire of the Schooner 
Unity & appurtenances on the Penobscot Expedition July 
1779, and three pounds four shillings for Interest thereon to 
the 1^*^ Instant, amounting to Twenty two pounds k six pence, 
in specie, is due to ]\I'' John SMiimes, which when paid will 
be in full for the same £22.0.6 

Thomas Ivers, Peter Roe Dalton \ Com'^^ for Audit^ Acc*^ 
of the late Board of War. 

His Excellency the Governor k the Hon*"'^ the Council of the 
Boston 16"' October 1782. 

Commonw"' of Massachusetts — 

In Council Ocf 23'* 1782 
R'* k Advised that a W l)e drawn on the Treas'^ in full of 
this Certificate agreeable to Resolve of 28**' January 1782 

John Averv Sec^ 



Report and Resolve on Petition Col. Allen et als. 

The Committee of both Houses appointed on the letters 
from CoP Allen k CoP Lithgow, &: the petitions of Juniper 
Berthiaume k the Indian Chiefs, k also to consider the pro- 
priety of appointing a iSTaval officer at the Port of Machias 
report by way of resolve 

John Pitts p"" order 
Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

Resolved that the Governor with advice of Council be and 
hereby is requested to issue orders on the Commissary Gen- 
eral to supply the Eastern Department under the Command 
of CoP John Allen, according to the recommendations of 



112 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Congress, with such provisions & Military stores, not exceed- 
ing the Slim of one thousand pounds, as he shall from time 
to time think necessary, the United States to be charged there- 
for, <fe the Commissary General is directed to furnish them 
accordingly. 

And Whereas it is not necessary to continue the Indian 
trade at Fort Hallifax, Resolved that Col" Josiah Brewer 
the Truck master, & also the Interpretter be & they are hereby 
discharge! from that service. 

And as it appears by the application of a Number of y^ 
Indian Chiefs & Juniper Berthiaume that they are desirous 
he may be reinstated in the office of Instructor to the Indians, 
which may have a tendency to promote & retain their Friend- 
ship to the Inhabitants of this Common Wealth, resolved that 
the said Juniper Berthiaume be and hereby is reinstated in 
the office of Instructor to the said Indians any resolve or 
order of the General Court for his discharge from that seinr- 
ice notwithstanding. It is also resolved that the Governor 
with advice of Council be and hereby is requested to issue 
orders on the Commissary General to supply said Indians 
with such cloaths and other things requested in their petition 
as he shall think necessary, and the Commissary General is 
hereby directed to furnish them accordingly. 

It is further resolved that a Naval officer for the Port 
of Machias be elected as soon as may be. 

In Senate October lY''^ 1782 
Read & Accepted 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 

In the House of Representatives Nov^ 6"^ 1782 
Read and concurred 

Nathaniel Gorham Speaker 
Approved John Hancock 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 113 

Resolve on Petition James Avery. 

In the House of Representatives Octo"" 21"' 1782 
On the Petition of James Avery Esq Agent for the Town 
of Machias Praying that the Acct" between said Town and 
this Commonwealth might be Adjusted and settled, and that 
said Town might be Allowed in the Settlement of said Ae- 
compts, hire for the Schooner Dilligent for the time she was 
employed by the Public, also that as the Money — granted by 
this Court on February 7^^ 1776 for the Relief of the Eastern 
Settlements, several Towns received together and gave joint 
Bonds to the Treasurer for the same, that said Town of 
Machias after settling for the proportion they received might 
be discharged from the Bonds given therefor. 

Resolved that the Committee for Methodizing and Settling 
the public Accompts be and they are hereby empowered and 
directed to Adjust and Settle the Accompts between this 
Commonwealth and the Town of Machias, fr allow therein to 
the said Town the hire of the Schooner Dilligent during the 
time she was employed by the public, and to charge y^ said 
Town with only the Real Sum they received of the Money 
granted by this Court on the 7"' Feb'' 1777, for the Relief of 
the Eastern Settlements. 

Sent up for concurrence Nath Gorham Speaker 

In Senate Nov"" 4*^ 1782 Read & Concurred 

S Adams Presid' 
Approv'd John Hancock 

Resolve in Favor William Alhee. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 

The Committee of both Houses appointed to consider the 

petition of James Avery & papers accompanying them, beg 

leave to Report by way of Resolve: 

John Pliss p"" order 



114 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

In Senate October 22"* 1782 

Read & thereupon 

Resolved, that the Commissary General of this Common- 
wealth be & hereby is directed to pay to James Avery thirty 
four pounds three shillings & four pence in money or pro- 
visions for the use of William All^ee Lieu* of the Artillery 
Company at Machias being for ten hundred & twenty five 
back rations due to said William Albee from the 7* of Dec' 
1779 to the 16**' of August 1782, at eight pence p"" Ration; Sc 
that the Agent of this Commonwealth be directed to deliver to 
the said James Avery Seven Suits of Cloaths for the Soldiers 
at said Machias & Charge the same to the United States — 
Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid* 

In the House of Representatives Nov"" 4**^ 1782. 
Read and concurred 

Nathaniel Gorham Speaker 
Approv'd John Hancock 



Memorial Nathaniel Wells et als. 

To the Hon"'^ Senate & House of Representatives of the Com- 
monwealth of Massachusetts in General Court assembled 
the 25*^ day of Ocf 1782 
The Memorial of Nathaniel Wells, Edward Grow & Simon 
Fry Esq"" in Behalf of the several Towns in the County of 
York humbly shews that the said Towns Exerted themselves 
to the utmost of their Abilities for complying with the Re- 
solve of Court passed the 30**^ day of June 1781 requiring 
them to furnish a Number of Soldiers to serve Three Months 
in the continental Army & actually Inlisted a Number of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 115 

Men for that purpose but such were their unhappy Circum- 
stances at that Time bv Reason of the intire failure of the 
old continental Currency & the State of the New Emission 
Money that they were absolutely unable to furnish the Sol- 
diers by them engaged with sufficient Sums of hard Money 
to defrey their Expences from thence to the continental Army 
tho the greatest Exertions were made for the purpose The 
Reason of their Failure was the Want of hard Money, there 
not being at that Time within the County a sufficient Sum of 
that Money to defrey the said Expences and such was the 
Embarisment of Trade their Coasts being at that Time un- 
usually infested with British Privateers as rendred them 
utterly unable to procure hard Money from the places where 
it circulated which continued nearly Six Months without 
much Alteration in Consequence of which said Towns also 
fell & still remain greatly in the Arrear in payment of their 
Taxes Your Mem" beg leave to mention their service to the Com- 
monwealth of the present War at all other Times said County 
has been among the foremost in furnishing Soldiers for the 
Continental Army notwithstanding the Difficulties they have 
laboured under & that the Circumstances of said County are 
distressing at present on various Accounts. Your IMem" are 
of Opinion that the Exaction of Penalties from a People in 
Distress for not doing what was not in their power to perform 
would greatly tend to discourage them & so operate to the 
Disadvantage of the Commonwealth AVherefore your Mem" 
pray that the peculiar Case & Circumstances of said Towns 
may be duly considered & that they may be exempted from 
any Penalties which they may have incurred for not furnish- 
ing the Soldiers required of them by said Resolve or that Re- 
lief may be granted them in such other Way as the Court in 
their Wisdom & Goodness may think proper & your Mem" as 
in Duty bound will ever pray &c 

Nath' Wells, Edw" Grow, Simon Frye 



IIG DOCUMENTAKY IIISTOKY 

Action on Foregoing. 

Commonwealth of ]\f assachiisetts 

In the House of Representatives October 30'*' 1782. 
On the petition of Nathaniel Wells Esq"" and others in be- 
half of the County of York setting forth that, for the want of 
a Circulating medium and from other peculiar Difficulties 
attending them it was not in their power to raise the three 
months men called for, to serve in the Continental Army 
July A. D. 1781 : tho they used their utmost Exertions to 
effect the same & praying that the penalty for not raising a 
part of said men may be remitted to them Resolved that the 
prayer of said petition be so far granted that a fifth part of 
said penalty be remitted to the several towns in said County 
and that the present towns in said County be fined & pay 
sixteen pounds per man for every man not raised according 
to the resolve for raising said men and assessed accordingly in 
the tax next to be issued — 

Memorial Selectmen of Boothhay. 

To the Honorable the Senate & House of Representatives for 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 
We the Selectmen of the Township of Eoothbay beg leave 
to represent to your Honors the confus'd and irregular man- 
ner in which the Town papers ly at present on account of the 
shift of Officers last March meeting in particular the Treas- 
urer we cannot find any regularity in the Treasurers Books 
no proper Settlement from the beginning to end of it & the 
former Treasurer after a lawful Demand of him to Deliver 
up the receipts & other papers in his hands belonging to the 
Town has absolutely refus'd, which occasions great incon- 
veniences for which reason we wou'd beg your honors to take 
the matter into your wise consideration & if your Honors 
should think proper we would beg that you would grant or 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE llY 

appoint a Committee in Sum of the Xeighbouring Towns to 
inquire into this matter & see that there is a proper Settle- 
ment of our Towns Accounts — We wou'd likewise represent 
to your honors the Obstinacy of your Militia Officers in this 
Town, they have taken several Fines from men that they 
Draughted & cou'd not go into the service & have never ac- 
counted with the Treasurer for one Farthing since the War 
which seems to us to be very unjust We wou'd beg therefore 
that if your honors shou'd appoint a Committee as above that 
they may be empowered & directed to call the ]\Iilitia Officers 
to account Respecting the fines & see that a proper settlement 
is made. We would likewise represent to your Honors the 
great inconvenience of having two Companies of Militia in 
this little poor Town where there is not more than one Com- 
pany of able bodied Men, having so many Officers screen'd 
from Draughts comes very heavy on the remainder. We 
would therefore beg if your Honors think proper to bring the 
Militia in this Town into one Company — 

Hoping your Honors will grant this our most ernest 
petition 

We are your Honors Most Obedient Humble Serv*^ 

Benj* Sawyer ) 

John Alley \ Major part of the Select men of Boothbay 

Boothbay Ocf 25"" 1782 



Memorial James Bowdoin et ah. 

To the Honorable the Senate and the Honorable the House 
of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachu- 
setts in General Court Assembled at Boston 
The Memorial of James Bowdoin, David JeiTries and 

James Bowdoin jun'' for themselves and others, humbly 

sheweth, 



118 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

That jour Memorialists have just been accidentally in- 
formed, that in consequence of a Petition from M"" Isaac Snow 
in behalf of the Town of Harpswell in the County of Cum- 
berland, your Honors have been pleased to pass a Resolve, 
"that the Town of Harpswell be abated five shillings in the 
thousand pounds of the last valuation, and that the same be 
laid on a Plantation called West Bowdoinham in the County 
of Lincoln." 

On your Memorialists being thus informed, they procured 
a Copy of M"" Snow's said Petition, and the Courts doings 
thereon, and beg leave to observe, that in the said Petition M"" 
Snow represents "That in the last valuation, the said Town 
of Harpswell was assessed in an undue proportion with the 
other Towns in the said County of Cumberland, and there- 
fore prays a Committee may be appointed to inquire into the 
Premises, and relieve the said Town." Whereupon a Com- 
mittee of the honorable House was appointed, and on the 
Second Instant the Resolve aforesaid passed in the House: 
which appears to be essentially different from what it was as 
first offered to the honorable house, and probably as first past 
by them, for it then stood that the same five shillings be laid 
on a Plantation called Otisfield in the said County of Cum- 
berland. This corresponded with the idea held up in M"" 
Snow's petition, grounding the prayer for relief on the undue 
proportion assessed on Harpswell compared with the other 
Towns in Cumberland. But Otisfield (and doubtless other 
Towns in Cumberland) not choosing to take any part of 
Harpswell tax, so lately setled by the last general valuation, 
and having friends in the General Court, was not subjected to 
said Tax. This therefore probably induced M"" Snow to wish 
for some other object of taxation in any other County, and it 
happened very fortunate for him, that a Number of People 
living adjoining to the West of Bowdoinham in the County 
of Lincoln, and from that circumstance called West Bowdoin- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 110 

ham, prepared a Petition to the General Court, and employed 
M"" Snow (as we are informed) to present the same at the 
last Sitting : but there not being a sufficient number of Signers, 
or for some other reason, it was deferred : and a Petition at 
the present session of the Court has appeared with the names 
of Thirty two Individuals thereto, including Sons with their 
Fathers, being the Petition of Benjamin Jaques and others, 
praying that a certain Tract therein described may be Incor- 
porated ; of which petition, and also of M"" Snow's Proceed- 
ings in the General Court relative to the Transfer of said 
Tax, your Memorialists humbly conceive, they ought to have 
been notified : for your Honours are fully Sensible, that in all 
Petitions to the General Court, where the Prayer can any 
way affect the Property or Privilidges of other persons than 
the Petitioners, it has been the Established Practice of the 
General Court, founded on the Constitution, and in the high- 
est reason and fitness of things, to order a notification of the 
adverse party that the Court being duly informed in all Cir- 
cumstances, might do what would be just between the 
Parties. — 

But the said M*" Snow, who is the Representative from 
Harpswell, have found means of conducting this business in 
such a covered manner, that we have but just come to the 
knowledge of it; By which means, in the present case, only 
one of the Parties has been heard ! And the Resolve afore- 
said has Subjected your Memorialists property to be taken 
away on the exparte representation aforesaid ; for which 
Purpose, there is a Clause inserted in the Tax Bill, now un- 
der the Consideration of your Honors, laying a Tax of fifty 
pounds on what is called Herein the New Plantation of West 
Bowdoinham, and relieving Harpswell of the same Sum. — 
This having been obtained in such a covered, underhand, 
and extraordinary manner, the bare mentioning of it, your 
Memorialists humbly conceive, will induce your Honors to 



120 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

order the same to be struck out of the said Tax bill : which 
with the said Resolve, and the intended Act of Incorporation 
(the whole so happily contrived to Answer M"" Snow's pur- 
pose) were all intended to be compleated without your Memo- 
rialists knowing any thing of the matter. With regard to the 
Petition of said Jaques and others for Incorporating the 
aforesaid Tract, we beg leave to observe, that the Kennebeck 
Company, of which your Memorialists are a part, have with 
very great expence been Setling their Lands, and from a 
Wilderness, have Setled the Towns of Pownalborough, Bow- 
doinham, Pittston, Hallowell, Vasselborough, Winslow, Win- 
throp, and other places, in all of which a considerable part, 
and in some of them two thirds of the land have been given 
away to settlers ; That the said Towns are incorporated, and 
pay Taxes to the Government, of which Taxes your Memo- 
rialists and others of said Company pay a considerable part. — 

That the said Company built Fort Western, and a Fort at 
Pownalborough, and furnished both of them with Cannon and 
Small Arms for the Use of the Government, And Also built a 
large Commodious House at Pownallborough to Accommodate 
the County as a Court House, with the needfull conveniences, 
and appropriated one of the Block Houses of the last men- 
tioned fort for a Goal, and by these and other exertions, which 
cost them a great deal of Money, they have brought that part 
of the Country from a Wilderness State, to a State of Habita- 
tion and Improvement. 

That they were prosecuting other Settlements & improve- 
ments when the War with Britain commenced ; That the said 
War, which by means of the Enemies Cruisers and Armed 
boats, and by small parties of them harrassing and threaten- 
ing the Inhabitants has operated greatly to the detriment of 
the said County, put a Stop to those Settlements & Improve- 
ments : and at the same time necessarily called our Attention 



OF THE STATK OF AFAINE 121 

to other objects nearer home and more interesting and essen- 
tial to the general safety. 

That in the confused State of things occasioned by the 
War, and when Law could have no effect, many people im- 
proved so favorable an opportunity, and set themselves down 
on Kennebeck lands, taking the best they could find, without 
liberty from the Proprietors, and in defiance of Law. 

That although the said Jaques and some of the Petitioners 
have settled with consent of the Proprietors, there is notwith- 
standing, of the Land petitioned to be Incorporated, a Tract 
ten miles long, and more than Six Miles broad, wdiich is either 
v.holly a Wilderness, or if there are any persons setled on it, 
there is not one of them but is a Trespasser, and has setled in 
defiance of all Law. 

That your Memorialists humbly conceive your Honors will 
do nothing to encourage such lawless Proceedings, and that 
the regular plan of Settlement, which they have been carrying 
on & mean to continue to execute, will not be interrupted and 
broke in upon by granting the prayer of the said Petition 
for Incorporation — Your Memorialists, therefore humbly 
pray Your Honors that the said petition may be dismissed; 
and also that your Honors will please to reconsider and re- 
peal the Resolve aforesaid for Transferring a part of the Tax 
of Harpswell to the Land described in the said petition, and 
also discontinue the clause in the Tax bill for that purpose: 

all which is humbly submitted. — 

James Bowdoin 

David Jeffries 

Ja: Bowdoin Jun"" 

Resolve on Foregoing. 

In Senate October 30'" 1782 

Read & thereupon Ordered that Samuel Baker Esq"" with 



122 DOCUMENTARY triSTORY 

such as the Hon' House shall join be a Committee to take 

this Memorial into consideration and make report thereon 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 

In the House of Representatives Nov"" 1^' 1782 

Read & concurred, & M*" Frye of Fryeburg & Cap* Wash- 
burn are joined Nath Gorham Speaker 

In Senate Nov" V 1782 

Ordered that Eleazer Brooks Esq'' be of this Committee in 
the Room of Sam' Baker Esq"" who has leave of absence 

Petition James Howard Esq. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

in the House of Representatives Nov"" 1^' 1782 
on the petition of James Howard Esq"" in behalf of him- 
self Susanna his wife and Hartson Coney setting forth that 
one Nathaniel Hersey of Hallowell in the County of Lincoln, 
blacksmith, brought an action of trespass against them ^ for 
taking one hundred & fifty quarts of his milk ^ triable before 
Joseph North Esq"" a Justice of the peace in that County on 
the twenty fourth day of September A. D. 1781. and that 
they, not of their neglect, but being necessarily prevented 
from appearing timely to answer to said action, were de- 
faulted, lost their appeal, and Judgment was given by said 
Justice for very large damages ; and praying for an appeal 
from the Judgment of said Justice to the Court of Common 
Pleas to be holden at Pownalborough within and for said 
County on the first Tuesday of June next 

Resolve on Foregoing. 

Resolved that the prayer of said Petition be granted ; and 
that the said James, Susanna, and Hartson have leave to ap- 
peal from the Judgment of said Justice to said Court of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 123 

Common Pleas, and said Justice is hereby directed to grant 
them the same and a copy of all such proceedings as may 
have been had before him in said action accordingly provided 
said Howard notify said Hersey of said appeal at least twenty 
days before the sitting of said Court 

Sent up for concurrence 

Xath Gorham Speaker 
In Senate Nov"" 2"* 1782 

Read & Concurred with Amendment at A 
at A dele, from A to B 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 
In the House of Representatives Nov' 2"^ 1782 
Read and concurred 

Nath Gorham Speaker 
Approv'd John Hancock 

Petition James Howard Esq. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts To the Hon. Senate & 
House of Representatives of said Commonwealth in Gen- 
eral Court assembled, — 

The Petition of James Howard Esquire in behalf of him- 
self. Susanna his Wife & Hartson Coney, Son of the s** 
Susanna by a former Husband. Humbly Sheweth, — 

That one Nathaniel Hersey of Hallowell, in the County of 
Lincoln, Blacksmith, maliciously contriving to ruin the Char- 
acter of the s** Hartson Coney, who was but an Infant of 
about eight years of age, preferred a Prosecution against him 
for stealing 150 quarts of his Milk, but failing in that prosecu- 
tion his restless & malevolent disposition prompt him to com- 
mence an Action of Trespass against the said James, Susanna 
& Hartson for the same supposed fact of taking said Milk, 
which same action was triable before Joseph North Esq"" a 



124 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

Justice of the peace within and for the Same County on the 
24'*' day of September 1781 at two OClock in the afternoon — 
that your Petitioner early on June 24"" day of September, 
left his own house which was about 51 Miles from the said 
Justice's, with an intention to answer to the same Suit; but 
as he was obliged to go by Water & the Wind blowing violently 
against him he did not arrive at the said Justice's untill some 
little time after the hour appointed for s** Tryal, & when he 
did arrive he vras informed by said Justice that he was de- 
faulted ; surprized at a procedure so contrary to Justice & the 
practice of Courts, your Petitioner then demanded an appeal, 
but was told it was too late, for the Court was adjourned, by 
means of which your petitioner has been wrongfully put to 
great expence & trouble as he was fully prepared to disprove 
the facts alledged by the plaintiff, could he have had an Op- 
portunity & the Reputation of the said Hartson has been 
greatly injured as the generality of People do not know the 
distinction between an Action for Trespass and a prosecution 
for Theft & therefore still suppose that he has been convicted 
of that Crime — your Petitioner therefore prays that your 
Honours v/ould take the matter into your wise consideration 
& grant, in tenderness to the Character of a helpless & in- 
offensive Infant, that the said James Howard, Susanna his 
Wife & Hartson Coney may have leave to appeal from the 
Judgment of the said Justice to the next Inferiour Court of 
Common pleas to be holden at Pownalbor° within & for the 
same County on the first Tuesday of June next & your Peti- 
tioner will pray &c 

James Howard 



Deposition of Ahiel Love joy. 

I Abiel Lovejoy of Lawful age testify & declare that on 
the twenty-fourth day of September 1781 I was at the house 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 125 

of James Howard Esq in Hallowell, who then told me he 
was going before Justice North to defend an action brought 
by Nathaniel Hearsej against the said Howard, Susannah 
his wife & Hartson Coney & the said Howard desired your 
deponant to atJcnd at Justice Norths upon the tryal, Just 
before I got to Justice Norths house I saw a number of per- 
sons who told me that Justice Howard was called out by de- 
fault — presently after T went in to the house of Justice 
North, & I there saw Justice Howard tender to Justice North 
five or six dollars to pay the costs & he also prayed that the 
default might be taken off & that he might re enter the action 
& come to tryal & the said Justice North refused to grant the 
same — & also to grant the said Howard an appeal — I fur- 
ther declare to the best of my knowledge that I arrived at 
Justice Norths about three O'Clock & the time of tryal was 

appointed to be at two 

Abiel Love joy 
Lincoln Ss Ocf 3-* 1782 

personally appear'd the above named Abicl Lovejoy Esq"" 
& after being carefully examined & cautioned to testify the 
truth the whole truth & nothing ])ut tlie truth in the cause in 
which this deposit icm is to l)e used made oath to the truth of 
the above deposition by him subscribed — Taken at the re- 
quest of James Howard Esq"" to be used before the General 
Court on the Petition of the said James Howard — Nathaniel 
Hearsey the adverse party Avas notified and present at the 
taking of this deposition before me 

Wm Langdon Justice of peace 



Deposition of Thomas Sewall. 

I Thomas Sewall of lawful age testify & say that on Mon- 
day the twenty fourth day of September 1781 I was at the 
dwelling house of Justice North in Pittstown and I there saw^ 



126 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Justice HoM^ard tender to the said North five or six dollars to 
pay the costs of an action in which Nathaniel Hearsey was 
Plaintifif & the said Howard & al deft in which action the 
said Howard was called out by default 

The said Howard also prayed the said North to take off 
the default & give him the said Howard leave to re-enter the 
action & come to tryal & the said North refused to grant it — 
I further declare that at the time Justice Howard tendered 
the money it was to the best of my knowledge about three 
O Clock I also heard Justice Howard demand an appeal of 
Justice North & Justice North refused to grant .one 

Thomas Sewall 

Lincoln Ss October ^^ 1782 

Personally appeared the above named Thomas Sewall & 
after being carefully examined & cautioned to testify the 
truth the whole truth & nothing but the truth in the cause in 
which this deposition is to be used made oath to the truth of 
the above deposition by him subscribed taken at the request 
of James Howard Esq"" to be used before the general Court 
on the petition of the said James Howard. The adverse 
party Nathaniel Hearsey was notified and present at the 
taking the foregoing deposition before me 

Wm Langdon Justice of peace 



Resolve in Favor Niles Greenwood. 

This Certifies, 

That the Sum of One Hundred & sixty two Pounds, four 
Shillings & two pence, for one forty eighth part of the Arm'd 
Ship Hunter & appurtenances, lost on the Expedition to 
Penobscot — 1770, and thirty two Pounds, eight shillings & 
nine pence for Interest thereon, amounting to the Sum of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 127 

One Hundred & Ninety four Pounds, twelve shillings & 

eleven pence, in Specie is due to M"" Niles Greenwood, which 

when paid will be in full for the same — £194. 12 . 11 

Thomas Ivers } Com'^® for Audit^ the Acco*' 
Peter Roe Dalton ( of the late Board of War — 

Boston November 1, 1782. 

His ExcelP th& Governor & the H*"" the Council, of the Com- 

monw'^ of Massachusetts. 

In Council Nov"" 15'" 1782 

H^ & Advised That a W be drawn on the Treas'' in full of 
this Certificate agreeable to Resolve of 28"^ Jan^ 1782 — 

John Avery Sec'' 



Resolve in Favor Joseph White. 

This Certifies, 

That the Sum of Eight Hundred & Eleven Pounds one 

shilling, for one sixteenth k one twenty fourth parts of the 

Arm'd Ship Hunter & appurtenances lost on the Expedition 

to Penobscot in 1779, and One hundred & sixty two pounds, 

four shillings & two pence for Interest thereon — Amounting 

to the Sum of Nine hundred & seventy three pounds, five 

shillings & two pence, in Specie is due to Joseph White, 

which when paid to M"" Miles Greenwood, will be in full for 

the same — £973.5.2 

Thomas Ivers ) Com'^^ for Audit^ the Acco*' 
Peter Roe Dalton \ of the State Board of War. 

Boston November 1, 1782. 

His ExcelP the Governor & the H''"" the Council of the Com- 

monw**' of Massachusetts 

In Council Nov"" 15"^ 1782 

R^ & Advised That a W* be drawn on the Treas'' in full of 
this Certificate agreeable to Resolve of 28"' January 1782 — 

John Avery Sec^ 



128 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

Report and Resolve on Memorial James Bowdoin et als. 

Report of \' Com'"^ of both Houses upon the Mem' of 
James Bowdoin & others by way of Resolve 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

Whereas a number of People have lately setled on a Tract 
of land adjoining to, and lying West of Bowdoinham, many 
of whom have removed from Harpswell, and have been and 
are taxable by Bowdoinham, therefore Resolved that Harps- 
well be abated five shillings in the Thousand of the last valua- 
tion ; and that the same be added to Bowdoinham and it being 
reasonable that Bowdoinham Should have the benefit of the 
taxes on the Polls ^ of y" said Setlers until a new valuation 
Shall take place, therefore Resolved, that the Assessors of 
Bowdoinham or the major part of them, be and hereby are 
empowered to lay a tax from time to time on the Male Polls 
of the Setlers on the land aforesaid ^ in the same manner, at 
the same time ^ and for the same sum ° and to collect the 
same, as they shall be from time to time authorized to do on 
the Polls '^ within the Town of Bowdoinham, by virtue of any 
Tax Act of the General Court, until a new Valuation shall 
take place, or until the further order of the said Court : and 
for that Purpose, and that there may be no doubt concerning 
the Bounds of the said land, it shall be, and hereby is bounded. 
Southerly by the Northerly line of Topsham, and by the same 
line continued to the Westerly line of the Kenebeck Purchase 
from the late Colony of New Plymouth ; westerly by the said 
Westerly line of y® said Purchase; Northerly by a line run- 
ning West North West from the North Easterly Corner of 
Bowdoinham to the aforesaid Westerly line; and Easterly by 
Bowdoinham aforesaid. Provided nevertheless, that in case 
any of the Setlers on the said described land are trespassers, 
this Resolve shall not be imderstood to encourage or support 
them in such trespass. And it is further Resolved, that the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 129 

Resolve of this Court passed in the present Session thereof, 
for making an Abatement in the tax on Harpswell aforesaid 
shall be, and hereby is declared void : the present Resolve 
being substituted instead thereof. And the Secretary is here- 
by directed to send to the x\ssessors of Bowdoinham an at- 
tested Copy of this Resolve as soon as may be. 

In Senate Nov"- 2" 1782 

Read & Accepted w"' the Amendment at A B C & E 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 

In the House of Representatives ISTov"" 2^ 1782. 
Read and concurred 
at A insert and Estates at B insert & their Estates at C 
dele from C to D at E insert & Estates 

Nath Gorham Speaker 

Approv'd John Hancock 



George Little to Governor. 

Penobscot Bay Nov' 3" 1782 
I Would Inform your Excellency, On the thirty first Octo- 
ber we run on Shore A Small privateer Commanded By 
Richard Pomeroy from Penobscot he had taken this Privateer 
A few days before From Cap' Coburn of Salem Cap' Pomeroy 
Sunk The Schooner And made his Escape through the Woods, 
with IMuch Difficulty we Weigh'' the Schooner she ^lounted 
four Swivels, Muskets &g and was going to Cruize on Our 
Coasts I Shall keep this Small thing, with me till I return 
to Boston 

I have the honour to Be Your Excellency's Most hum*"® 
Ser' 

George Little 

10 



130 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

Appointment Stephen Smith Naval Officer at Machias. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate Nov' I'"" 1782 
Ordered, that the Secretary be directed to notify Stephen 
Smith Esq*" that he was chosen Naval Officer for the port of 
Machias, this day, by joint ballot of the Senate & House of 
Representatives 

Sent down for Concurrence S Adams Presid*^ 

In the House of Representatives Nov 17"" 1782 

Read and concurred 

Nath Gorham Speaker 

Resolve in Favor John Avery. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Nov"" 11''' 1782 
Resolved That there be allowed & paid out of the Treasvirj 
of this Commonwealth to John Avery jun"" Esq'' the sum of 
Three hundred pounds in full of his Service as Secretary for 
One Year from June 1^' 1781 to June 1^' 1782 — 

Sent up for concurrence Nath Gorham Speaker 

In Senate Nov'^ 11'" 1782 
Read & Concurred 

S Adams Presid' 

Approv'd John Hancock 

W drawn 12''' Nov' 1782 

Resolves Relating to Partition of Lands in York County. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Nov 11'** 1782 
"\Miereas certain persons called Conspirators and absentees 
are -^ tenants in Common of certain undivided lands lying in 
the County of York, with certain other persons claiming the 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 131 

same under William Phillips and Bridget Phillips which s^ 
lands by an act of this Commonwealth have been confirmed to 
the said Persons claiming under the s'^ W" & Bridget Phillips, 
saving to the s'' Commonwealth their right and claim in & to 
said lands accruing by virtue of the forfeiture of the estates 
of the said Conspirators and Absentees, and Whereas the said 
Proprietors under W" & Bridget Phillips aforesaid are de- 
sirous that partition should be made of said lands (and to 
hold their respective proportions and parts of said land in 
severalty and seperate from that part of s** land that has or 
may be vested in this Commonwealth by virtue of the Claims 
of the s'' Conspirators and Absentees — Resolved that the 
Hon""' Benj^ Chadbourne ^ Hon*'"^ David Sewall Esq"" and 
Nathaniel Wells Esq"" be and hereby are on the part of this 
commonwealth appointed a Committee to join with such Com- 
mittee as are or may be appointed by the residue ^ of s'' Pro- 
prietors on their part and duly authorized in making parti- 
tion of the Lands confirmed by said Act and lying within the 
following limits viz begining at the North Corner of Sanford, 
which Corner may be ascertained by a line running South 
West & North East through a certain Small pond, called 
Beaver hill poud and from the said North Corner of Sanford 
thus ascertained to run North West about eight miles to 
little Ossipee Ttivcr, then by said Kiver including half of 
the same as the s"* River runs to Saco River then by s'' Saco 
River to the head line of Biddeford, then by the head line of 
the Townships of IJiddcford and Arundel to the East Corner 
of s"* Sanford as it was originally laid out by the name of 
Phillipstown to the North Corner thereof being the boundary 
first mentioned and the said Commitee appointed on the part 
of the Common wealth are herein- impowered in conjunction 
with the said Commitee on the part of the ^ Residue of said 
Proprietors to set '^ off by l\retes & Bounds their respective 
rights and shares in the premises to hold in severalty 



132 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

And whereas in order to render the said partition compleat 
and effectual in Law it may be necessary to make and execute 
a deed or deeds of Partition, division, release or Quit claim 

Therefore resolved that the said Committee on the part of 
the Commonwealth or any two of them be and hereby are 
fully impowered in the name and behalf of the said Common- 
wealth to join with the s** Committee on the part of the residue 
^ of s'' proprietors in making and duly executing according to 
Law a deed or deeds of Partition and division of the premises 
or in case the said Committee ^ should judge it most con- 
venient to make partition of the premises by making and 
executing a deed or deeds of Release and Quit Claims then the 
said Committee on the part of this Commonwealth are here- 
by in the Name and behalf of this Commonwealth fully 
Authorized and impowered to make and duly execute accord- 
ing to Law a deed or deeds of release and Quit Claims to such 
part or parts of the premises as they shall agree to be set off 
to the said Residue ^^ of said proprietors to hold in severalty 
and to receive singular ^ deeds from the said Committee of 
the said Proprietors, and it is further Resolved that all deeds 
of Partition division release or Quit claim which shall be 
made and duly executed by virtue of this resolve and award- 
ing to the true Intent and meaning thereof shall be considered 
as valid and effectual in law to all Intents and purposes as 
any deeds of Partition division release or quit claim made 
and duly executed according to Law by or between any parties 
whomsoever — And it is further resolved that the said Com- 
mittee on the part of this Commonwealth be and hereby are 
directed to cause all deeds in favor thereof — relating to the 
premises to be recorded by the register of the County of York, 
with the records of said County and then tiled in the Secre- 
tary's Office and the said Committee after having compleated 
the business of their Commission are hereby directed to lay 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 133 

their Accounts of Time and expence before the General Court 

for examination, allowance Si payment. 

Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 

In Senate Nov"" 12, 1782. 

Read & Concurred with Amendments as on the annexed 

paper. 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid* 
Approv'd John Hancock 

In the House of Representatives Nov 11 1782 

Read & concurred 

ISTath Gorham Speaker 

Com"*"^ for making partition of Lands at s*^ Eastward 

Amendments 

At A Dele are & insert were. At B Dele the Hon""^ 

At C Dele Residue of At D Dele Residue of At E In- 
sert to said Parties At F Dele Residue of At G Dele 
Committee & Insert Committees At H Dele Residue of said. 
At I Dele Singular & Insert Similar 



Representation in Behalf Inhab*' Machias Plantation. 

To his excellency the Governor & the Hon''''' the Council of 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

The Representation of the Subscribers being a Committee 
appointed by & on behalf of the Inhabitants of the Phmtation 
of Machias — 

Humbly Sheweth 

That notwithstanding the large & repeated supplies sent 
here The Garrison of this place now is & has been for some 
months past, in a most deplorable situation upon almost every 
account. Col° Allan has removed himself and Faniilv, to 



134 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Passamaquoddy, at which place it is said he will continue, 
one Commissioned officer five non coimnissioned officers and 
privates, only, belonging to the Garrison: five Small arms, 
only, fit for use & about 20 unfit ; about thirty pounds of 
Powder, only exclusive of a few Cannon & niusquet cartridges ; 
Not one flint : provisions none of any kind, we want words to 
express our surprise at the deficiencies of Ammunition & war- 
like stores of every kind : what has become of them we know 
not ; and to add to our calamities, the Powder & Balls which 
was sent here for the sole use of the Militia in cases of 
emergency gone, Col° Allan took them for the use of the Gar- 
rison; being Lodged in the Magazine as a place of Safety: 
when he had it in his power to replace them, he refused ; now 
he has not got them he cannot return them, if this place were 
to be attacked before we could be supply*^ we know not what 
would be the consequence, the Inhabitants are determined 
to hold out to the last, but what can we do without Ammuni- 
tion: a return of the ammunition & warlike stores now on 
hand, belonging to the Garrison, we herewith inclose. An- 
other matter of importance, which we beg leave to observe to 
your Excellency & Honors, is, the Command of the Troops 
at this Post and the agency of the Indians for the eastern 
Department, being united in the same person ; it is most cer- 
tain it has been attended with exceeding bad Consequences, 
when the Indians come in, they must be Supplyed with what- 
ever they want, if to be had, and the Soldiers must go with- 
out ; which has many times been the Case, and in our oppinion 
ought to be prevented in future; this is one instance among 
many which might be mentioned. 

We beg leave to Submit to your Excellency & honors 
wheather it will not be expedient to put this post in a more 
respectable Situation very speedily; which may be done with- 
out svich an amazing / to us amazing as well as to your excel- 
lency & honors / expence to the publick : Should a Captains 



OF THi: STATE OF MAINE 135 

Comiriaiicl he Stationed here, to keep the post &c, this with the 
Militia will be sufficient defence for the place; and if a priest 
could be obtained, that would be a means of keeping the In- 
dians your Friends. 

M"" James Avery is imployed to act as agent in behalf of 
the Inliabitants of this place & should your excellency & 
honors need any Further information in this attair, he has 
it in his power to Furnish you therewith 

We are with the utmost deference & respect your Excel- 
lencys & Honors most Humble Serv* 

In behalf of the Inliabitants 

Stephen Smith 

Morris Obrian 

Joseph Libbe 

Benj'^ Porter 

I Noble Shannon \ Committee 

Stephen Jones 

George Stillman 

Nathan Longfellow 

Amos Boynton 

In Senate Nov^ 12>'> 1782 

Read & sent down 

S Adams Presid' 
Nov"" 12'*' 1782 

Ref'd to next Session 



James Avery to Governor. 

Boston Nov 18 1782 
Sir 

I beg leave to inform your Excellency that there is a Vessell 

now here belonging to Machias, which Returns in the Course 

of this Week — Which will carry any Stores your Excellency 



136 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

may think proper to send, for the Troops there, who have 
been entirely Destitute for Two Months Past 
I have the Honor to be With the Utmost Respect 
Your Excellencys most Obedient Hble Serv* 

Ja^ Avery Agent for Machias 
His Excellency the Governor 



Petition Elijah Ayer. 

To His Excellency John Hancock Esq"" Governor & Com- 
mander in Chief in & over the Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts 

The Petition of Elijah Ayer Senior Humbly Sheweth 

That in the Year 1776 Colo Jonathan Eddy with a party 
of Men from this State made an attack on the Enemys Garri- 
son of Fort Cumberland in the Province of Nova Scotia most 
of the Inhabitants of which County took up Arms & Joiu'd 
said Eddy among the Rest was your Petitioner, some time 
After the Enemy Receiving a Large Reinforcement said Eddy 
was obliged to leave that County & a great Number of the 
Inhabitants who had been most Active and whos lives were 
In danger was Compelled to do the same, & abandon their 
Family, & Estates to the Mercy of an Enraged Enemy — 

Your Petitioner among the Rest Abandoned his Estate & 
a Large family leaving only one Son to take care & provide 
for them the other came with him & Resided in this State 
ever since — 

A few Weeks since the Son whom your Petitioner left to 
provide for his family was taken on his Passage from Cum- 
berland to S' John River by a Privateer & bro't into this 
Port, by which your Petitioners Family is left Destitute of 
any person to provide & take care of them & Unless he coud 
be permitted to Return will Inevitably Suffer, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 137 

Therefore your Petitioner Humbly Implores your Excel- 
lency to take his distressed Case into your Serious Consid- 
eration & be pleased to permit his Son (Mariner Ayer) to 
Return to Cumberland via Penobscott on Parole, and he will 
engage a Prisoner of Equal Rank shall be returned in his 
stead, which will Relieve his helpless & Distressed Family, 
and your Petitioner as in Duty Bound will ever pray — 

Elijah Ayer Sr^ 

Boston, Dec 6, 1782 

In Council Dec"^ 7^' 1782 — 

Advised that John Hopkins Esq"" Commissary of Prisoners 
be directed to permit Mariner Ayer, lately captured on his 
Passage from Cumberland to s^ Johns River and bro't into 
this Port, to take Passage on Board the first Cartel that shall 
sail from hence to Penobscot & said Commissary be further 
directed to see that said Ayre is exchanged — 

Attest John Avery Sec^ 



Petition of Timothy Hodgdon. 

To the Hon"'^ Senate and House of Representatives of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts in Gen' Court as- 
sembled 

Jan^ 1783 

The petition of Timothy Hodgdon of Arundel in the County 
of York Humbly Shews that your petitioner in the year 1774 
did Bargain with John Sparhawk Esq agent to Sir William 
Pepperall for twenty one acres and two thirds of an acre of 
Land — Lying in Arundel aforesaid for twelve shillings p"" 
acre and did pay for the aforesaid Land fourteen pounds and 
whereas Sir William Pepperrell being one of the absentees 
your petitioner Cannot obtain a Deed for the aforesaid Lands 



138 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Neither lias or Can obtain the niony he paid for the aforesaid 
Land therefore your petitioner Humbly prays that your 
Honours in your Great wisdom would Direct some person to 
Convey the Land aforesaid or that your petitioner may Re- 
ceive his money that he paid out of the Sales of Sir William's 
Estate which has been Sold by order of Government or Re- 
lieve your petitioner in some other way that your honours may 
Direct and as in Duty bound will ever pray 

Timothy Hodgdon 
Arundel, Decem"" 20 1782 



Petitio7i Town of Bristol. 

To the Honourable the Senate Council & House of Represen- 
tatives in General Court Assembled — 
The Petition of the Town of Bristol in the County of Lin- 
coln humbly sheweth that by reason of the late War this Town 
has been reduc** to great distress & tho now by the Blessings 
of Providence peace be restor*^ unto us yet we still sorely feel 
the Effects of the War — By our Enemies taking Post at 
Penobscut & continually infesting this Coast with their priva- 
teers & small Boats our lumber & fishing Trade in which 
alone we had any Concern has been almost totally Suppress'' 
Almost every Vessel we own'' in the Beginning of the War 
fell into their hands & tho from time to time Vessels have 
been purchas'' — w*' money borrow'' for this purpose whereby 
a debt has been contracted as the Inhabitants could not pos- 
sibly subsist without some to convey their lumber to Market 
yet of this we have been stript with our lumber & Fish on 
Board or the returns of it in Provision for the Support of our 
families So that by a late Computation our losses by Water 
amount to £4240 besides the Arms Ammunition provisions 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE loO 

& Apparel that have been taken out of our Houses by plund- 
ering Refugees — The Seasons for a Xuniber of Years past 
have been very unfavourable & the Drought So Severe that 
tho people's Attention have been more than ever turn*^ to the 
Cultivation of their Farms yet they have not been able tu 
raise above half enough of Bread for their Consumption & 
the risque of Importation being so great & many dispos" to 
take Advantage of the Necessities of others thereby the Price 
of the iSTecessaries of life has been rais*^ — so high that people 
were involv'^ in the greatest difficulties & oblig*^ to part with 
every Commodity they had to dispose of at the Buyers Price 
So that Corn has been sold for four Dollars or more & other 
Articles in Proportion — Our Hay has also been cut of with 
the Drought for several years so that our Stocks are greatly 
diminisl/ by what they were at the Beginning of the War & at 
present there is such a Scarcity of Bread that hardly all the 
Lumber we have on hand can procure us bread for the Season 
a Cord of Wood not fetching above half a Bushel Corn — Be- 
sides the debt contracted by Individuals thro the distresses 
occasion'' by the War the most part of the State Taxes for 
some Years have not been discharg"* We acknowledge that a 
few Individuals could at the proper time have paid their 
proportion & were willing to do so, Init the majority however 
dispos'^ to pay their part were utterly unable & numbers among 
us inimically inclined — to these States who carried on a 
clandestine Trade with the Enemy greatly to the detriment 
of the Town threaten^ the Collectors with utter destruction 
so that they durst not discharge the duties of their Office — 
If your Honours should now exact from us these Taxes it 
would utterly ruin Individuals & give such a crush to the 
whole Town as it could not for many Years recover of & put 
it out of its power for the future to pay such a proportion of 
Taxes for defraying the Expenses of Government as other- 
wise it might We would therefore beg vour Honours would 



140 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

take our distressing Situation under your Serious Considera- 
tion & discharge us of these Taxes that were due before Peace 
was made & your Petitioners as in duty bound shall ever pray 
Sign'* in name & by Appointment of the Town by 

Henter Hunter, I Selectmen of 
Thomas Johnston ( Bristol 



Petition of George Smith. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts To the Hon'ble the Senate 
and House of Representatives in General Court assembled. 
The petition of George Smith, late an Inhabitant of Ire- 
land, humbly sheweth that in the year 1779 — having been 
informed that great encouragement was given to those who 
should emigrate from other countries, and undertake the Cul- 
tivation of the American Wilderness, he with his wife 
removed from their native country, hoping to approve them- 
selves useful Inhabitants in some parts of the United States ; 
— During the continuance of the war, your petitioner did not 
pursue the object which he had immediately in view, but 
engaged in the manufacture of Gunpowder in this Common- 
wealth, and pursued that hazardous business in such manner 
as he presumes has proved advantageous to the Community ; 
- — The return of Peace renders his continuance in that busi- 
ness longer unnecessary ; — and he now wishes to prosecute 
the original design of his coming to America, and to put 
himself in a capacity to exercise the employment of a Malster 
and Brewer in which he served an apprenticeship — & being 
informed of a small gore of land | in the County of Cumber- 
land I laying between the Towns Bakerstown & Raymondtown 
& supposed to contain about six hundred acres, he humbly 
offers himself as a purchaser thereof, & hopes he shall meet 



OF TilE STATE OF :irAIXE 141 

with such encouragement as that he may invite over to this 
Country, some of his Relations who are waiting to hear of his 
success. 

And your petitioner as in duty bound shall pray — 

George Smith 



Report of Committee in re Lands in Toivn of Sanford. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

Jan^' 1^' 1783 

The Committee appointed by the general Court by a Re- 
solve passed the 9*'' of Feb^ 1782 to make Enquiry into the 
C^ircumstances of the Settlement of certain Lands laying in 
the Town of Sanford in the County of York by Ebenezer Hall 
& others which according to their Representation in their 
Petition did belong to the late Governor Hutchinson &c have 
attended that Service & find that the said Lands were Settled 
under the Circumstances represented by the Petitioners & 
have Viewed said Lands containing Tlirce Thousand Six 
Hundred & Fifty Acres including Ponds & heaths Bounded 
as follows Viz beginning at the Western Corner of a Tract 
of Land called Coxhall at a pitch pine Tree marked on four 
Sides thence running North East Eight Hundred & Eighty 
Rods to a white oak Tree marked on four Sides thence North 
West Six Hundred «fc Sixty Three Rods Ten feet & an half 
to a small white oak Tree marked on four Sides thence South 
West Eight Hundred & Eighty Rods to a white Oak Tree 
marked on four Sides k thence South East Six Hundred & 
Sixty Three Rods Ten Feet & an half to the place begun at 
Your Committee are of Opinion that within the Limits afore- 
said are contained about Five Hundred Acres of Heaths & 
Ponds which being allowed as such & deducted Your Com- 



142 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

mittee Estimate the Residue considered as in a State of 
Nature at the Rate of Three Shillings an Acre amounting in 
the whole to Four Hundred Seventy Two pounds Ten Shil- 
lings 

Your Committee beg leave to mention that from the best 
Information which they have been able to obtain that the Fee 
of the said Lands was never vested in the said Governor 
Hutchinson & that he only held a part thereof as a Tenant 
by Courtesy but the Fee of the said Lands was Vested in one 
Grizzel Sanford, the Heirs of the Wife of the said Hutchin- 
son & the Heirs of the last Wife of the late L* Governor Oliver 
dec*" therefore can not in the Opinion of your Committee be 
regularly granted to the Petitioners untill it shall appear that 
the said Lands are the property of this Commonwealth from 
a Confiscation thereof in due Course of Law — 

John Hill p"" order 



Memorml of Proprietors of Land in Yorlc County. 

To the Honourable the Senate and House of Representatives 
in General Court assembled — 
The Memorial of the Proprietors of Certain lands in the 
County of York under Hartaken Symonds humbly sheweth 
that your Memorialists are informed that Jeremiah Eastman 
and others have petitioned your honours to grant them cer- 
tain lands said by them to have fonnerly belonged to Thomas 
Hutchinson Esq & situate in Sandford in said County — Now 
your Memorialists beg leave to represent to your honours that 
said lands are their property, that they never were said 
Hutchinson's k are situated in Coxhall in said County — 
That the determination of the Question depends upon settling 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 143 

the line between Sandford & Coxhall judicially — That your 
memorialists and persons under them are in actual possession 
of part of those lands; that a law suit is now pending the 
determination of which will prohahly settle the dispute — 
Wherefore your memorialists humbly pray that your honours 
would not pass upon the said petition but will dismiss the 
same, & make no order touching said lands until the title to 
them is determined in due course of law — And your peti- 
tioners as in duty bound shall ever pray 

by Sam' Baker \ their Agent 

York Ss I June 22" 1768. 

JMess""^ Joseph Simpson Jun"" Benjamin Harmon and Jona- 
than Johnson aforenamed personally appearing solemnly made 
Oath that in making partition and Division of the Lands 
within mentioned they would do it Justly and Impartially 
according to their best skill and Judgment before me 

Nath' Wells Jus' Peace 

York Ss I 

Pursuant to the foregoing appointment and power to us 
given by the Hon''"" the Justices of the Sup*" Court after 
having given due Notice to all concerned & being Sworn have 
made Partition and Division of the remainder of the Tract 
of Land of Eight Miles square Avithin mention*' which we find 
to be fourteen thousand and six hundred Acres &: have so far 
proceeded to set off to the Heirs of the within named Peleg 
Sanford his Interest therein being one fourth part thereof 
containing three thousand six hundred and fift}' acres by the 
meets and bounds following viz* beginning at the Western 
Corner of Coxhall so called at a Pitch Pine Tree marked on 
four Sides and thence running North East by Coxhall afore- 
said Eight Hundred and Eighty Rods to a White Oak Tree 
mark"* on four Sides thence North West six hundred & sixty 



144 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

three Rods ten feet and an half to a small White Oak Tree 

marked on four sides thence South West Eight Hundred and 

Eighty Rods to a White Oak Tree mark'd on four sides thence 

South East one hundred & thirty four rods ten feet and an 

half to a pitch pine Tree standing at the North Corner of the 

within mentioned Nineteen thousand Acres then South East 

Five hundred and twenty nine Rods hy the said Nineteen 

Thousand Acres to the place began at To hold to the said 

Heirs of the said Peleg Sanford as Witness our Hands at 

Sanford June 22'' 1768 

York Ss I July 5"^ 1768. 

Jos Simpson Jun"" 

Benj* Harmon 

Jon^ Johnson 

In the Sup'' Court then setting the aforewritten Division 

was read and accepted 

Att Sam' Winthrop Cler 

Recorded according to the Orig' rec" July 6'** 1768 — 

Att Dan' Moulton Reg" 

Lib" 41 fol° 49. 

Note this Partition was made In pursuance of a Warrant 
granted by the Court in Answer to the Petition of Andrew 
Oliver Esq"" & Mary his Wife Tho^ Hutchinson Esq"" as he 
is Tenant by the Curtesy & in the behalf of the Children of 
his late Wife jNIargaret dec** And Grizell Sanford Gentlem" 
The s" Mary Margaret & Grizell being Daughf^ & Coheirs 
of William Sanford late of Newport Gent. Dec'' 

And is Record'' next before the s'' Division 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

In the House of Representatives FeV^ 9"* 1782 
Whereas it appears from the Representation of Eben Hall 
and other Petitioners Inhabitants of the Town of Sanford in 
the County of York that some years ago they settled upon 



OF THE STATE OF ^rAI^"E 145 

certain Lands in said Town, which belonged to the late Gov- 
ernor Hutchinson and have made considerable Improvements 
thereon in Expectation of obtaining a good Title to the same. 
Whereas the said Lands are by Confiscation now become the 
I'roperty of this Commonwealth, and the Committee for sell- 
ing confiscated Estates in said County are impowered to dis- 
pose of those Lands as well as other Lands confiscated to any 
Person or Persons indiscriminately. And Whereas the Peti- 
tioners have applied to the Gen Court for an exclusive Right 
of purchasing said Lands for a reasonable consideration. 

Therefore Eesolved that Jn" Hill Nath Wells and John 
Frost Esq"" be and hereby are appointed a Comittee to make 
full Enquiry into the Circumstances of the Settlement of 
said Lands, who are hereby directed at the Request and Ex- 
pence of the Petitioners to view and estimate said Lands at 
such price as the same would have been worth in a State of 
Nature and take or cause to be taken such Plan or Plans and 
prepare such Descriptions thereof as may be requisite as 
Preparatories to a Grant of the same to the said Petitioners 
and make report of their Doing in Consequence of this Re- 
solve to the Gen' Court as soon as may be. And the said 
Committee for selling confiscated Estates are hereby directed 
to suspend the Sale of said Lands and Prosecution against 
the present Possession thereof till the further Order of the 
General Court any Law or Resolve to the contrary notwith- 
standing 

Sent up for Concurrence 

Nath' Gorham Spk"- 

In Senate March 8'" 1782 

Read & Concurred 

S Adams Pres* 

Approved John Hancock 

True Copy Attest 

. John Avery Sec^ 

11 



146 DOCUMEKTAKY HISTORY 

Petition of Caleb Davis. 

To His Excellency the Governor and the Honorable Councill 

Boston Jan^ 6'*" 1782 

Caleb Davis begs Leave to Eepresent to your Excellency & 
Honors that by a Resolve of the Gen' Court passed the 7^^ 
of March Last he was directed to procure five Whale Boats 
for the Use of the Troops Raised in The County of Lincoln, in 
Conformity to which he Impowered Maj"" Lithgo to Contract 
for Said Boats in Said County Two of which Boats only 
have been procured the Ammount of which as Certified by 
INraj"" Lithgo is Forty Two pounds Twelve shillings and as 
your Petitioner presumes there will not be occasion for Any 
More Boats, The time for which said Troops were Raised 
being Expired, he prays your Excellency & Honors to grant 
him a Warrant for the above sum agreeable to the Resolve 
affores"* and as in Duty bound shall Ever Pray — 

Caleb Davis. 
In Council January 7*'' 1783 

R** & Advised that a W' be drawn on the Treas'' agreeable 
to the above Representation — 



Petition Samuel Cobb, With Certificate. 

To the Honorable Senate and the Honorable House of Repre- 
sentatives of the Commonwealth of Massachiisetts, in 
General Court assembled — 
The Petition of Samuel Cobb of Falmouth in the County 
of Cumberland Agent to the Estate of William Tyng late of 
said Falmouth — an absentee, humbly shews — 

That Commissioners have been duly appointed to receive 
and examine the Claims upon said Estate; who have per- 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 147 

formed the said Service, and have made report to the Judge 
of Probate, of the Sums, due from said Estate to the Creditors 
of the same — 

That he has advanced divers Sums of Money — and spent 
much of his time in attending to the settlement of said Claims 
(& conducting the Business of an Agent to said Estate — 

That he has settled his Account of iVgency with the Hon"'^ 
William Gorham Esq"" Judge of Prol)ate for the County afore- 
said — That the List of Claims & his Account of Agency as 
allowed by said Judge amount in the whole to the Sum of 
Five hundred and thirty five Pounds two shillings lawfid 
money — and 

That there is no Personal Estate of said Tyng (except a 
Tankard & a large Silver Cup which is in the Treasury of 
this Commonwealth) to enable him to discharge said Claims 
& satisfy said Account — He therefore humbly prays that 
your Honors wou'd pass some Order for the Sale of the Real 
Estate of said W" Tyng, that the Creditors may be paid & 
himself reimbursed the said Charges of his Agency — He 
some time ago petitioned your Honors to order the aforesaid 
Cup and Tankard to be put into his hands that they might 
be appropriated to the aforesaid purposes, but as no order has 
been passed upon his Petition he begs leave to renew his Re- 
quest, and to pray that he may have an order for the same, 
that they may ])e disposed of for the Benefit of the said 
Creditors — 

And as in Dutv bound will pray 

Sam" Cobb 

Falm" Jan'' 8, 1783 

Cumberland Ss January 8'*" 1783 

This certifies that the List of Claims upon the Estate of 

William Tyng an Absentee, as returned into the Probate 

Oflice & allowed by the Judge of Probate for said County, 

together with the Agents Account as allowed by the said 



143 COCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

eTudge amount in the whole to the Snm of Five hundred & 
thirty five Pounds two shillings — as represented in the fore- 
going Petition — and that there is no Personal Estate men- 
tioned in the Inventory of said Tyng's Estate — except a 
Silver Cup & Tankard said to he in the Treasury of the 

Commonwealth - — 

Att Sam Freeman Reg Prob. 



Petition of William M^Cobb. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts. To the Hon''''' Senate & 
the Hon*"® House of Representatives of s*^ Commonwealth 
in General Court Assembled — 

The Petition of William ]\PCobb of Boothbay in the 
County of Lincoln humbly sheweth. 

That on the 3" day of Feb'' 1780 a Complaint was pre- 
ferred to your Petitioner as a justice of the peace within & 
for s** County of Lincoln, by L^ CoP Andrew Reed and Cap' 
Ichabod Pinkam, lx)th militia Officers and resident within s** 
Town of Boothbay, against Patrick ]\PGuyer, Thomas M*"- 
Guyer & Ebenezer Fullerton all Inhabitants of the same 
Town upon an Act of the State for taking up and securing 
inimical persons &c and thereupon your Petitioner issued 
his warrant for apprehending said persons, by virtue of which, 
they were all convened before your Petitioner on the fifth 
day of the same Month, & the Oath of fidelity and alleigance 
was severally tendered to them by your Petitioner agreable 
to said Act, which, s^ Oath they then and there obstinately 
refused to take whereupon your Petitioner issued his war- 
rant of committment according to said act against s'' Persons 
and directed the same to a constable of the same Town by 
force of which they were conveyed to Pownalborough where 
the County Goal is kept ; but in a few days the said Constable 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 1-1:9 

without having committed said Persons to Goal, returned to 
your Petitioner with an application from them signifying 
their penitence & a desire of being then admitted to take said 
Oath, which application was accompanied by a Letter from 
Charles Gushing Esq"" & another from Jonathan Bowman 
Esq'' two principal Gentlemen of the County, who gave it as 
their opinion that your Petitioner would be justifyable in 
admitting said persons to said Oath, even in the then ad- 
vanced Stage of the proceedings ; but though your Petitioner 
placed great confidence in the opinion of said Gentlemen, & 
felt himself disposed to adopt every legal Measure for the 
liberation of said Persons, as it appeared they were then in a 
state of humiliating contrition and ready to do anything 
rather than go to Goal, yet a superior regard to the Lav.'s of 
this Country, which he invariably considered, as the rule of 
his conduct joined to the exclamations of the people against 
said Persons whom they viev/ed as dangerous enemies, in- 
duced your Petitioner to consult the Conmiittee of said Town 
before he took a step of so much importance as the ]\[anu- 
mission of said Persons; accordingly the said Committee 
were convened, & after great consultation & debate a Majority 
advised that said Persons might be admitted to take said 
Oath upon the following Conditions Viz' 1 — that they should 
give Bonds for the due observance of the Laws — that they 
should not depart without the limits of Boothbay and Bristol 
without permission from the Militia Officers of either of said 
Towns & that they should pay all Costs that luul tlicn arisen 
— this determination of the Committee was no sooner com- 
municated to said Persons by your Petitioner than they 
readily acquiesced therein — gave Bonds for the performance 
of said Conditions, and their Xotes of hand for the payment 
of said Costs amounting in the whole to the sum of £121 . 10 
each the same being equal to £ specie, which same Xotes 
they sometime afterwards severally took up and discharged, 



150 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

& thus matters rested, until through the prevailing influence 
of the British Garrison at Bagwaduce, upon the opinions & 
practice of many people in this County who might form the 
Jury said Persons thought a favourable opportunity now of- 
fered of compelling your petitioner under colour of Law to 
refund the Money they paid on said Notes ; accordingly the 
said Thomas McGuire brought his action for money had & 
received to his use against your Petitioner at September Term 
1781, by way of experiment, whose example in case of suc- 
cess, was to be followed by the said Patrick M'^Guire & 
Fullerton but on trial of the cause the same Term, your Peti- 
tioner recovered Costs against the said Thomas M^Guire, who 
appealed to the next Supreme Court for said County ; but 
in the mean time, while the said appeal was depending your 
Petitioner & the said Thomas M^Guire, Patrick j\'PGuire & 
Ebenezer Fullerton left all said matters in dispute between 
them to Arbitration & at the same time agreed that no Attor- 
ney should be employed on either side before the arbitrators, 
but afterwards when the Arbitrators met to decide upon the 
matters submitted to them an Attorney appeared on the part 
of said Persons, at which your Petitioner was much sur- 
prized and immediately represented the injustice of the pro- 
ceedure to the Arbitrators, but as the said Attorney insisted 
notwithstanding the s'' agreement on arguing the matter be- 
fore the Arbitrators, your Petitioner was obliged to employ 
a person to go near 20 miles in quest of another Attorney who 
happened to be previously engag'd and could not therefore 
attend the arbitration; upon this the said Arbitrators used 
many persuations to induce your Petitioner to come to a 
hearing without an Attorney on his part to which he at length 
consented upon this condition that they would not sufl^er the 
said Attorney to have an undue influence over their judg- 
ments — the Parties then went to a hearing during which the 
said Attorney debated the matter very fully & expatiated 



OF THE STATE OF -MAKXE 151 

largely on the injustice of the said Act" while your Petitioner 
unaided by (Jounsel & unskilled in the science of pleading did 
nothing more than barely produce the Law upon which said 
persons were committed & mentioned some of the leading- 
facts relative to the transaction & then submitted his defence 
to the arbitrators, who on the 30''* day of August last pub- 
lished their several awards by which they ordered that your 
Petitioner should pay to the said Thomas M*^Guire the sum 
of £37.. 13.. 7, to the said Patrick ]\PGuire £10 .. 1 .. & to 
the said Ebenezer Fullerton £10 .. 1 .. — amounting in the 
whole to the Sum of £57 .. 15 .. 7 lav/ful Money in specie at 
which your Petitioner could not but be greatly shocked & 
asked the Arbitrators how it was possible for him to avoid 
committing said Persons as the Law was so clear & e?vplicit 
to which the Chaii-man after hesitating some time answered 
that said Act was a very loose one, that there were several 
Acts of the General Court which he thought did more hurt 
than good & that for his part he would be always very 
cautious of them — ^from this explanation, your Petitioner 
conceives it must be apparent to every impartial observer that 
said Awards were founded principally on the supposed in- 
justice of said Act with which if true, it is evident that your 
Petitioner as an Executive Officer, whose business it is to 
obey the Laws of the state without inquiring into the justice 
or injustice of them, had nothing to do, and of this the Arbi- 
trators must have been sensible if they had not suffered them 
selves to be strangely & unaccountably led away by the Arts 
of the said Attorney — 

As your Petitioner acted intirely in obedience to the 
Laws in committing said Persons, and as the determination 
of the Arbitrators in the present instance is therefore pal- 
pably erroneous unjust & cruell your Petitioner humbly prays 
that your Honours would be pleased to vacate said Awards 
& revive the said Thomas jNTGuire's action ai^ainst him 



152 DOCUMEXTAKY HISTOKY 

SO that be may have a fair & impartial Trjal at the next 
Supreme judicial Court by a Jury of bis unbiased fellow 
Citizens, which is all he wishes or aspires to — & your Peti- 
tioner as in duty bound will ever pray &c 

W™ M-^Cobb 
Boothbay Jan^ 10^M783 



Resolve on Foregoing. 

In Senate June ll"' 1783 — 

Read again and no answer appearing thereupon Orderd, 
that Charles Turner Esq"" with such as the Hon'"^ House shall 
join be a Committee to take this Petition together with the 
papers accompanying the same into consideration & report 
that may be proper to be done thereon 
Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid* 

In the House of Representatives June 16'^ 1783 

Read & concurred & Mr Childs of Pittstield & Mr Lovell 

are joined 

Tristram Dalton Spk"" 



Petition Settlers on Sandy River. 

To the Hon*"'" Senate and The Hon*"'^ House of Representa- 
tives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

The Petition of a N^umber of Settlers on a Tract of Land 
lying on Sandy River (so called) in the County of Lincoln 
Humbly Sheweth, 

That your Petitioners, drove by Personal and Family 
wants and invited by the Goodness of the Soil, have adven- 
tured into the Wilderness and made Settlements on a Tract 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 153 

of Land Lying on Sandy River, next above a Township on 
the same Kiver, at present, known by the name of Colburn's 
Town ; That it is forty miles and upwards from the nearest 
water-Carriage to the said Tract of Land ; That hence we 
have encountered and gone through many Difficulties, Hard- 
ships and Fatigues in making this Beginning and been at 
considerable Cost in clearing a Road from the Inhabitants 
in Colburn's Town to our Settlements, That what we have 
already done would be a great Encouragement to the speedy 
Settlement of the Lands thereabout provided, a valid Title 
Avas obtainable and That the uncertain and precarious Tenure 
by which we, at present, hold Our Possessions is a great Dis- 
couragement to us and hindrance to the Growth of the Settle- 
ment : Your Petitioners therefore pray your Honors to take 
Our present Situation under your wise and serious Considera- 
tion, and (if in your great Wisdom you should think fit) To 
Order a Town-ship to be laid out on Sandy River Six miles 
square — that is to say to begin and be Bounded on the upper 
Line of Colburn's Town (so Called) and, extending three 
Miles on each Side of the River, to run up said River Six 
Miles; and, with said Order, to Grant and Confirm unto us 
your Honors Humble Petitioners (now dwelling on Lands 
within said Bounds) the Lots (containing Two Hundred 
Acres each) which we have severally laid out and began im- 
provements upon. On some Conditions which your Honors 
shall think fit to prescribe: And we pray your Honors, in 
adjusting the Terms on which we are to hold our Possessions, 
to take into your wise Consideration the many Difficulties and 
Hardships, which unavoidal^ly attend Beginning a Settle- 
ment, so far into the Wilderness and at so great a Remove 
from Navigation. — Further, to urge Our Request, we beg 
Leave to represent to your Honors, that as the Soil of the 
proposed Township is very Good, if it was laid out in Lots, 
and to be sold, it may reasonably be presumed, that the Sale 



154 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

would be quick and that the Settlements already made would 
Considerably enhance the Price of all the Rest of the Land, 
to the Emolument of the Commonwealth, And your Petition- 
ers Beg Leave also to suggest, that they are Ready, if re- 
quired as a Condition of Holding their Possessions, to be at 
the Expence of Running the proposed Town Lines and laying 
out an equal Number of Lots with those they have Laid out 
and Settled, & to do as much more for the Encouragement and 
Benefit of the future Settlers in said Township, as Your 
Honors shall think Reasonable to exact. 

And your Humble Petitioners as in Duty bound shall Ever 
Pray &c 

Thomas Flint, Jacob Sawyer, Thomas Paine, 

Jesse Flint, Paul Dodge, Samuel Baker, 

Benjamin Day Benjamin Flint, Benjamin Adams, 

John Day, Thomas Humphreys Samuel Fairfield, 

Thomas Hiscock, David LIumphreys, Thomas Caldwell, 
John Hiscock Mickel Weathren, Francis Peusty, 

Benjamin Day jun"" John Rollings, Samuel Rollings 

William Read, Joseph Rust, Briggs Furman 

Sandv River Jan^ 15, 1783 



Petition of Thomas Child. 

To the Hon*"'^ Senate & the Hon*"'" House of Representatives 
of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General Court 
Assembled, 
Tho : Child of Falmouth in the County of Cumberland 
humbly shews — 

That so long ago as the 18"" July 1778 he took out Letters 
of Agenc}^ on the Estate of Trea" Waldo late of said Fal- 
mouth an Absentee — That at the same time Commissioners 
were appointed to receive & examine the Claims of the Credi- 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE IT; 5 

tors to said Estate according to Law — That the Commiss'"^ 
duly attended that Service and made report to the Judge of 
Probate on the 13''' October 1779: That your Petitioner 
having first settled his Account of Agency, soon after made 
Application to this Hon'^'^ Court, for liberty to sell so much 
of the said Absentees Real Estate as wou'd be sufficient to 
pay the aforesaid Creditors & the Ballance of said Account, 
But he was informed that the application was improperly 
made & that he must apply to the Judicial Court for such 
Licence. He accordingly applied to the next Court that was 
then afterwards holden in this County, and was there told 
that the General Court had superceeded their Power in this 
respect by the appointment of a Special Committee to make 
sale of Absentees Estates — your Petitioner then applied to 
said Committee but they told him they cou'd do nothing for 
him as they considered it was not in their Commission to sell 
any such Estates until they were confiscated — your Peti- 
tioner thus disappointed in his endeavour to obtain the pay- 
ment of said Demands and being under the disagreeable 
Necessity of supporting all this while in his own family and 
out of his own Pocket, an old helpless Negro belonging to 
said Estate who has such an offensive sore Leg, that he can 
get no body else to take him — was obliged to apply again to 
your Honors for relief His last Petition was presented to 
your Honors in June last — But this was in like manner 
unfortunately rejected; for this reason (as he was informed) 
that sufficient provision was already made in the Laws for 
the purpose mentioned, your Petitioner again applied to the 
before mentioned Committee, and as said Estate was con- 
fiscated at the last Court which was holden in said (\)unty 
he supposed the former difficulties were all remov'd. and he 
should obtain the justice he had so long ineffectually sought 
for but the Committee inform'd him they cou'd afford him 
no Relief, as they had received an Order from your Hon'"'' 



150 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

not to sell any of the Absentees Estates in this County until 
the further Order of the General Court — Your Petitioner is 
therefore constrained to renew his application to your Honors 
& to pray that your Honors Order last mentioned may be so 
far reconsider'd as that said Committee may be at liberty to 
sell so much of said Estate as will be sufficient to reimburse 
the sums he has been at and pay the Creditors of said Estate, 
which in the whole amounts to the Sum of £254.17.8 or 
that your Honors would take such other measures for his & 
their Relief as in your Honors Wisdom shall be Judged 
expedient 

And as in Duty bound will pray 

Tho: Child 
Ealmouth 22"^ Jan^ 1783 — 

Cumberland Ss Jan'' 22 1783 

These certify that the List of Claims upon the Estate of 
Francis Waldo Esq an Absentee, together with the Ballance 
of the Agents Account as allowed by the Hon*'"' William Gor- 
hani Esq"" Judge of Probate for said County, amount to the 
Sum of Two hundred & fifty four Pounds seventeen shillings 
«& eight pence as set forth in the foregoing Petition 

Att Sam' Freeman Reg. Prob. 



Memorial Selectmen Town of York. 

To the Hon"'^ the Senate and House of Representatives in 
General Court Assembled Humbly Shew 
The Subscribers Selectmen of the Towni of York — That 
agreable to the Resolve of June 30"' 1781 great Pains was 
taken by the Town to Comply therewith But the failure of 
the Paper Currency, and the great exertions the Town made 
to procure their Quota of the Continental Army for three 
Years renders them unable to Comply with the Requisition — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE IT)" 

The Memorialist would observe that they have procured and 
now have in the Army their (^nota that has been assigned, 
that they have done from Time to time every thing for tlie 
Support of the Warr, that they could, in procuring Clothing. 
Beef &c — 

That by the loss of all their Yessells by the Enemy at an 
early period of the War — they are much reduced in their 
circumstances That the Soil they Inhabit is poor and Harron 
— and they really apprehend such a time of Scarcity before 
the Month of April next as they never Saw before, probably 
one half the Inhabitants without Bread — That under this 
Situation they humbly hope the General Court will not assess 
the Fine of £20 a man on the said Tov.-n for not raising the 
Three Months men in the said Resolution mentioned, for 
that in your memorialists opinion all the money in the Tov/n 
will not be adequate to discharge one Quarter part of the 
Continental Taxes already ordered for 1782 

Joseph Simpson j Selectmen of 



John Kingsbury , the town 
Nicholas Sewall ' of York. 



York Jan^ 2 1''' 1783 



Wm Lifhgoiv to Governor. 

Sir / May it Please Your Excelency 

Cap^ John Neptune the bearer hereof has Importun'd me 
to Inform you of the poverty of the Penobscot Indians as to 
their wants of the following articles. — Yiz* powder, balls, 
Shot, guns, flints, knives, Hatchets, kettles, Thread, Needles, 
Wormers to Draw guns, steels to strike fire. Tobacco, — the 
above articles to be placed with Colonal Pattee, for him to 
sell to the Indians up kennebeck River, in behalfe of the 
state, — the Indians he sayes are averse to Colonel Brewer, 



158 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

being Truck master aney longer by Keason as this Indian 

sayes Brewer Cheats the Indians. — 

if I may be alowed to Speak my sentiments on the matter, 

I think it may do well to send the above articles in a Scanty 

manner to see if they Can pnrehis the whole or part of them 

by which the State Can Judge whether to send aney more or 

not, — the above Indian earnestly solicites that the general 

Court would please to bestow som necessaryes for him selfe 

his Father and famiely, in Consideration of his being a Stanch 

Friend to the Cause of the united States of America, — I 

hope your Excelency will excuse me for trubling you with 

this Letter as it is Wrote at the Ernest Request of y^ Indian — 

I Remain your Excelencyes humble Serv* 

William Lithgow 
Jan 25, 1783. 



Petition Elizabeth Wildridge. 

To the Honorable Senate and the Honorable House of Repre- 
sentatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in 
General Court assembled — 
The Petition of Elizabeth Wildridge of Falmouth in the 
County of Cumberland in said Commonwealth — Widow of 
James Wildridge late of said Falmouth mariner. Deceased, 
humbly shews 

That at the last Court of Common Pleas for the County 
aforesaid which was begun & holden at Falmouth in said 
County on the last Tuesday of October last. A small Lot of 
Land about twenty square Rods with a Dwelling House there- 
on, belonging to the said Deceased, was declared forfeited to 
the Use of the Commonwealth aforesaid — as your Petitioner 
has since been informed — She apprehends the confiscation 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 159 

of said House and Land is grounded upon some misinforma- 
tion made to the authority of tliis Commonwealth — cV there- 
fore ought not in justice to take effect — That your Petition- 
ers Husband did not withdraw from this Government to join 
the Enemy, and that he did not voluntarily put himself under 
their protection or in manner aid and assist them against the 
United States or any of them she humbly thinks she can make 
your Honors fully satisfied — 

In May A. D. 1777 he sailed from this Place in a Sloop 
commanded by Capt Thomas Ross, laden with Lumber and 
bound to the West Indies — L^pon their Passage thither they 
were taken by the Enemy who orderd the Sloop to Hallifax 
and carried your Petitioners Husband a Prisoner to Xew 
York — After he had been a few Weeks in Captivity, he died, 
and left your Petitioner with seven young Children to sup- 
port- — From w^hat cause it was that he was considered as an 
Absentee — your Petitioner is not able to determine — But 
whatever it might be she is conscious that no Act of the De- 
ceased could ever justly incur the forfeiture of his Estate, 
and thereby involve his Family in deep Distress 

Some False Report, or some unhappy mistake must have 
produced the Charge which placed him in the List of the 
proscribed — but your Petitioner humbly hopes that although 
he is numbered with them, your Honors will not suffer such 
an Error to be confirnied — but in the exercise of Justice — 
order the proceedings against the said Estate to be annulled — 

Your Petitioner did not know this matter was pending in 
the Court abovementioned & if she had she does not suppose 
she could there obtain relief — She considers this Honorable 
Court the only power to which she can appeal, and without 
moving your Honors tender feelings toward a Widow with 
a numerous family under her care — she relies on the Equity 
of her Case & therefore humbly prays that the small Estate 
aforesaid may be restored to licr and their Use — whereby 



1(!0 DOCUMENTARV HTSTOKY 

their place of habitation will be continued to them — and 

themselves saved from that distress which must otherwise 

attend them — 

And as in duty bound will ever pray 

Elizabeth Willdrage 
Falmouth 27, 1783. 

This may Certify that I believe the facts set forth in the 
petition are Strictly true and that if the Estate referd to in 
the Petition is taken from the Petitioner she with her Chil- 
dren will become a Charge to the Town or Publick 

Joseph Noyes 
one of the Selectmen of the Town of Falmouth 



Certificate in Favor Adam Bahcoch. 

This Certifies 

That the Sum of Eighty three pounds, four shillings in 
Specie, became due to Adam Babcock Esq the first Instant, 
for Interest omitted on former Certificate 4''' June 1782 on 
his One sixteenth part of the Arm'd Ship General Putnam, 
lost on the Penobscot Expedition, which when paid will be 
in full for the same 

iCom'^®^ for Auditing 
the a/c*^ of the late 
Board of War. 

His Excellency the Governor & the Hon'''* the Council of the 

Commonwealth of Massachiisetts 
Boston July 18, 1782 

In Council January 28''" 1783 
R*' & Advised That a W be drawn on the Treas^ in full 
of the above Certificate 

John Avery Sec^ 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 161 

Resolve in Favor James Hunter. 

Commonweal tb of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives 28''' 1783 

on the representation of James Hunter setting forth that 
he Served Two months & 21 clays in the capacity of Major of 
the Reg' of IMilitia under the Command of Col" Sam' M'Cobb, 
in the Expedition against the British Garrison at Penobscut 
in the year 1779 and that his pay (which is now due to him) 
for s*^ Service & ISTations amounting to one Hundred & Sixty 
six pounds 9/ at the rate at which money then j)assed on 
being Liquidated by the Scale of depreciation amounteth to 
but £9 ., 6 4, being a sum much less than he would be intitled 
unto by the Continental Establishment in specie 

Resolved that there be allowed & paid out of the publick 
Treasury of this Com "Wealth the sum of Forty Eight pounds 
unto James Hunter in full for his Services & Rations as 
Major of a Regiment on the Expedition against Penobscut 
in the year 1779 any resolve to the Contrary notwithstanding. 

Memorial Caleb Davis and Action Thereon. 

Boston January 30 — 1783 
The Hon'ble Senate & the Hon'ble House of Representatives 
Caleb Davis (late Agent for the Common Wealth) begs 
leave to represent to Your Honors, that his Agency expired 
the 1st Ins' & that be is very desirous to have his Accounts 
closed as soon as possible ; but no person being authorized to 
receive from him the Articles he has on hand belonging to the 
Common Wealth, prevents his laying his Accounts before 
Your Honors for examination & final adjustment — he there- 
fore prays Your Honors direction what disposition he shall 
make of said Articles & as in duty bound shall ever pray. 

Caleb Davis 



12 



162 DOCUaiENTARY HISTORY 

•Common Wealth Massachusetts 

In Senate Jan^ 31 1783 

On the Representation of the Hon"'^ Caleb Davis Esq"" late 
Agent of the Common Wealth praying for direction Respect- 
ing the Stores in his possession belonging to this Common 
Wealth — 

Resolved that Richard Devens Esq'' Commissary General 
be & he is hereby Authorized and directed to Receive from 
the said Caleb Davis Esq"" all such Stores as he has on hand 
belonging to this Common Wealth and give the said Davis 
Duplicate Receipts Therefor One of which to be returnd to 
the Committee for stating and methodizing Accounts for their 
Use and by them to be lodged in the Secretaries office 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 
In the House of Representatives Jan'' 31^* 1783 
Read & concurred 

Tristram Dalton Spk"" 
Approv'd John Hancock 



Representation of InliaV^ of Falmouth. 

To the Honorable Senate and the Honorable House of Repre- 
sentatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts — in 
General Court assembled 
The Subscribers in the name & behalf of a Convention of 
Selectmen & Committees from most of the Principal Towns 
in the County of Cumberland in said Commonwealth beg 
leave to represent 

That from undoubted Intelligence lately received from 
Baggaduce We understand the Enemy there are strongly re- 
inforced — They have not only an accession of Strength by 
the arrival of Regular Forces, but with a view no doubt to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 163 

assist them in their depredatory Operations and enhirge the 
extent of their possessions in that quarter, Numbers of 
Refugees from New York have joined them — We further 
learn that they are now building a large Block-house for 
transportation & are also making such other military Prepara- 
tions as gives us the greatest reason to believe that they are 
meditating a Design of advancing into this County & we know 
not but Falmouth may be their Object Whatever their inten- 
tions may be — Prudence dictates that we be upon our Guard 
& in readiness to oppose them wherever their Views may be 
directed 

At present we are in a Defenceless State — and although 
it might otherwise be thought incautious to declare it is a 
Truth too well known to the Enemy that we are so — The 
County of Lincoln are also so defenceless & exposed that we 
cannot forbear saying we fear they will be soon too much 
discouraged to attempt making any further Resistance — 

Your Honors will not therefore judge it inexpedient or im- 
proper that in regard to the safety of the whole Eastern 
County and in behalf of this County in particular, we apply 
to your Honors for Relief — for it is from your Honors only 
we can expect it — And as through the Smiles of Divine 
Providence the Southern States are freed from their late 
merciless oppressors we cannot but hope that a part of the 
Continental Forces may be spared to defend this northern 
State to which the attention of the Enemy now seems to be 
directed. 

And considering of what importance these two lower Coun- 
ties may be to the United States & would be to the Enemy 
were they to be lost we apprehend your Honors will not think 
our conjectures are ill grounded. 

We therefore pray that your Honors would take our situa- 
tion into your wise consideration & determine on such 
measures for our Protection as your Honors shall judge best 



164 DOCUilENTARY HISTORY 

And as the Militia of this Brigade have found it impossible 
to procure A supply of Arms & Ammunition we beg leave to 
propose that your Honors would order a quantity from the 
Public Stores to be sent to some Person or Persons in Fal- 
mouth to be sold out to svich as are destitute at such Rates as 
your Honors shall judge reasonable — 

We would further observe to your Honors, that a very 
great part of our Vessels have been captured by the Enemy 
& it is probable the remainder of them will be lost the ensuing 
Spring or Summer — unless some Naval vessel is sent to 
cruise upon our Coasts — We therefore humbly pray that your 
Honors would take this matter likewise into your considera- 
tion & order such Provision to be made to secure our Coasting 
Vessels & protect our Coasts as your Honors shall judge ade- 
quate to the danger to which they will be exposed 

Edw'^ Phinney \ 

Isaac Parsons / 

Benj Titcomb - Committee 

Joshua Fabyan V 

Samuel Whitmore ! 
Falmouth Feb^ 3, 1783 



Action on Foregoing. 

In the House of Representatives March 17"' 1783 — 
Ordered that Gen' Ward, M'" Dwight & Col° Thacher with 
such as the Hon. Senate may join be a Committee to consider 
the aforegoing representation, ^ & also what measures are 
proper to be taken to discharge Col" Mason Wheaton from 
his receipts to the Board of War for public Stores delivered 
him agreeable to the Resolve of 'Nov'' 19, 1779. ^ & report 
Sent up for concurrence 

Tristram Dalton Spk"" 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 165 

In Senate March IT'*" 1783 

Read & Concurred with Amendments at A and Jedediah 
Preble & Jon'' Warner Esq"" are joined 
at A dele from A to B 

Sent down for Concurrence S Adams Presid' 

In the House of Representatives ]\Iareh 18"" 1783 

Read and concurred Tristram Dalton Spk'' 

Resolve on Petition Thomas Childs. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate Feb*' 4, 1783 

On the Petition of Thomas Childs, Agent on the Estate of 
Francis Waldo late of Falmouth in the County of Cumber- 
land Esq, an Absentee, in behalf of himself k others, Credi- 
tors of said Estate, praying that the Committee for Selling- 
Absentees Estates in said County may be impowered to sell 
so much of said Absentees Estate as shall be sufficient to pay 
the Demands upon the same — 

Resolved, that the Prayer of said Petition be so far granted 
as that said Committee be & they are hereby impowered to 
Cause such Parts or Parcels of said Waldo's Real Estate as 
they shall judge most advantageous to the Commonwealth to 
be apprised by three good & sufficient Freeholders on Oath as 
shall be sufficient to satisfy said Demands & said Committee 
are hereby impowered to give & Execute a good & sufficient 
Deed or Deeds of the same any Law or Resolve to the con- 
trary Notwithstanding 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S. Adams Presid' 

In the House of Representatives Feb'' 0"' 1783 

Read and concurred Ti-istram Dalton Spk"" 

Approv'd John Hancock, 



166 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petition Selectmen of Harpsivell. 

To the Honourable Senate and Hon''' House of Representa- 
tives at Boston in General Court assembled 
We Your Humble Petitioners Humbly Sheweth 
That whereas there was three men Requir'' of us of the 
Last Demands for men for the Continantal Service and we 
according to the Resolve of Court Divided the Inhabitance 
into Clases for getting said men but Cou^ by no means that 
we Cou^ Use Get but one with all the offers we Cou*^ make 
Neither Cou** we find any that wou*^ say they wou* Ingage for 
any sum as we Remember and we Always have been and 
[still] are Ready and willing to Obey all Requests from the 
Legislative Authority that Lays in our Power; But as we 
were too High in the Valluation which Increas^ our Number 
of men in the former Demands for men for the Continantal 
Services and by Reason of too High Valluation our Taxes has 
been Too High Since the Valluation was Taken — Therefore 
we Pray Your Honours to take these things into Considera- 
tion and Relinquish our fines for the Deficiency of the Two 
men above mentioned on account of what we have Over Paid 
in the former Taxes which were too Great by Reason of Too 
High Valluation and we advise Your Honours of the Diffi- 
culty of our Situation which Exceeds that of any Place 
we know off where they Pretend to make any Resistance 
which is such that we have Muster'' on the Lords day and 
every man Oblig'' to Run for his Arms ; and have at some 
Times been Call'' out of our Beds, but being in Expectation 
of these things we have been Muster'' some times through 
mistakes ; and some time in July Last our fishing Boats were 
Chas'' into the Harbour by one Liniken who was Drove of by 
the Melitia who were Muster^ with utmost Haste and Persu** 
with all Resolution y^ s'' Linniken in a fishing Schooner Re- 
took one of their Prizes & still Pursu'' with her till they over- 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 167 

took s'' Linikiii in a Coasting Vessel] where they had got them- 
selves fortify Boarded & Took him and kill*^ one of his men ; 
since that time a Party of the Melitia headed by Cap' Nehe- 
miah Curtis Took one Hammond on an Island and Retook one 
of his Prizes; and a Party of the Melitia headed by Cap' 
Jotham Doyle have Taken y^ s'^ Hammond again near the 
same Place Since and kill** one man whose name was Caltron ; 
Now if such an Expos'^ People with such Resolution anni- 
mated with a Spirit of Liberty ant Deserving of Pity we 
know of Xone that is Therefore we Pray Your Honours to 
Take into Consideration those Two men beforemeutioned and 
Relinquish our fines ; and we in Duty Bound shall ever Pray. 

Benj'' Duning ) 

John Rodick ( Selectmen 

Harpswell Febru'' y' 5"^ 1783 



Petition Sarah Nason, and Action Thereon. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the house of Representatives Feb""^ b"-^ 1783 

on the Petition of Sarah Nason praying to be impowered 
to Exchange about twenty five acres of land of the Estate of 
her late Husband Shubal Nason late of York in the County 
of York Dec'', intestate, for about thirty acres of land in the 
same town owned by Joshua Bridges & Jasper grant, and it 
appearing to this Court that to make such Exchange may be 
beneficial to said Dec** Estate — 

Resolved that the said Sarah Nason be and she hereby is 
fully impowered to make such Exchange and to make and 
Execute good and lawfull Deed or Deeds, of the aforesaid 
twenty five acres of land to the purchaser or purchasers there- 
of, Provided She Procure a good and lawfull Deed well Exe- 
cuted of the afore said thirty acres of land to run to the Heirs 



1G8 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

at law of the said Deed in such Proportion as they would 
have been intitled to had not the same been Exchanged 
Sent up for concurrence 

Tristram Dalton Spk"" 

In Senate March 12"^ 1783 
Read & Concurred 

S Adams Presid' 
Approv'd John Hancock 



Petition Joseph M'^Lellan. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts To the Hon'''^ the Senate 
& the Hon''^^ House of Representatives of said Com- 
monwealth in General Court assembled 
The Petition of Joseph McLellan of Falmouth in the 
County of Cumberland — humbly sheweth — 

That your Petitioner was appointed to a Lieutenancy, & 
served in that capacity under Brigadier General Wadsworth 
at the eastward in 1780 : that during the General's command 
there, Charles Cushing Esq*" Brigadier of the County of Lin- 
coln was taken out of his bed, from the tender partner of his 
bosom, in the Silent hour of the Night, by a party of Refugees 
& carried prisoner to Bagwaduce, where he remained several 
Weeks, & at the same time many others who discovered a 
friendly attachment to the cause of their Country, were 
threatned by the Tories with a similar fate — this alarmed 
the fears & apprehensions of the virtuous & well disposed In- 
habitants, & every one became anxious for the security of 
himself his family & property — in this situation of danger 
and distress, the General received well attested information 
that Francis Rittal, Thomas Town & others, inhabitants of 
Kennebec River, had been guilty of treasonable & inimical 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 1<J1) 

Practices against the United States, & Town was strongly 
suspected of being privy to & connected in the Capture of 
Brigadier Gushing; in consequence of this Information the 
General, from an apprehension that the limits prescribed for 
the opperation of the Martial Law, then established in part of 
the County of Lincoln, included the residence of said Persons, 
issued an Order dated the 25'*" of September 1780 for the ap- 
prehending said Rittal, Town & others, & directed the same 
to your Petitioner, by virtue of which he took said Rittal & 
Town who were soon after committed to Falmouth Goal by 
the General's particular order — here they continued some 
time & were then liberated on their giving security for their 
future good behaviour; i: thus matters rested untill the 26''' 
of August last, when the said Rittal, too sensible of a growing 
disaffection among many of the Inhabitants of said County, 
occasioned by an uniuterupted intercourse with the British 
Garrison at Bagwaduce, & hoping to avail himself of that 
circumstance in order to wreak his vengeance against your 
Petitioner by a tryal at Law, brought his action of assault, 
battery & false imprisonment against him, at the Court of 
Common Pleas held within & for said County of Lincoln last 
September, which action is now depending & stands continued 
to next June Term — your Petitioner is therefore compelled 
though reluctantly to address the Justice & benevolence of this 
Honourable Court to prevent the ruinous consequences that 
must result to himself & family by a prosecution of said 
Action, *k others which will shortly be commenced against 
him, & for which, he is well assured Kittal's action is in- 
tended to pave the way, & he is the rather incouraged to hope 
for the favourable interposition of the Honourable Court in 
this instance, as his conduct throughout the whole transaction 
was influenced by the purest principles of duty \o his Country 
& obedience to the Command of his General, <i: as he can at 
once produce the most ample attestations of the inimical prin- 



170 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

eiples & practice of said Persons & of the extensive beneficial 
consequences that evidently resulted to the public from their 
apprehension & committment & vour Petitioner as in duty 

bound will ever pray 

Joseph Mclellan 
Feb^ 6^*^ 1783 



Resolve to Tax County of Cumberland. 

Commonv/ealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Feb' 7'*^ 1783 
on the Representation of the Justices of the Court of Gen- 
eral Sessions of the Peace for the County of Cumberland that 
the sum of three Hundred and Sixty pounds will be neces- 
sary for Defraying the Charges of said County for one year 
next Ensuing 

Resolved that there be and hereby is granted a tax of three 
hundred and Sixty pounds to be apportioned and assessed on 
the Rateable Polls and Estates in said County and the Same 
be Colected and paid into the treasury thereof and applied 
for the use of said County agreeable to the Laws of this 
Commonwealth 

Sent up for concurrence 

Tristram Dalton Spk"" 
In Senate Feb^ 7^*^ 1783 — 

Read & Concurred with Amendment at A 
Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid* 
at A insert, "by the Clerk of the peace for the County of 
Cumberland upon the several Towns within the same." 
In the House of Representatives February 7'" 1783 
Read and concurred 

Tristram Dalton Speaker, 
Approv'd John Hancock. 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 171 

At a Court of General Sessions of the Peace for the County 
of Cumberland begun and holden at Falmouth in said County 
on the last Tuesday of October A, D. 1782 

Ordered that the Clerk transmit to the General Court the 
following 

Estimate of the Sums necessary to be raised to defrey the 
Charges of said County the year ensuing — viz — 

For paying the Charges that may attend the holding said 
Court the present Term £80. Ditto next May Term £130. 
Ditto next October Term £80 Ditto for the Supream Judicial 
Court next June £30 For repairing the Goal £20 For lay- 
ing out Roads £20 amounting in the whole to £360 — 

Att Sam Freeman Cler. 



Allowance to Collectors of Excise. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate Feb^ 6''' 1783 
Ordered that Aaron Wood & Caleb Davis Esq" with such 
as the Hon'''*' House may be a Committee to take into con- 
sideration and report the proper Allowance to be made to 
the Collectors of Excise in this Commonwealth 
Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 
In the House of Representatives Feb'' 7'" 1783 

Read and concurred and Cap' Wales M"" Frazier & L)"" Hall 
are joined Tristram Dalton Spk' 

Message of Governor. 

Gentlemen of the Senate & Gentlemen of the House of 
Representatives 
I have this moment receiv'd a Letter from Col° Lithgow 
by two Indians of the Penobscot Tribe, these Indians are 



172 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

coine to make application for Sundry Articles for the use of 

the Tribe. The Letter with a Commission given one of these 

Indians by Brig Gen' Lovell, I have directed the Secretary 

to lay before you — I have given Orders that these Indians 

should be taken Care of this Night & have become responsible 

for their Expences — I cannot but recommend these Papers 

& the Case of these Indians to your Consideration, & your 

Determination Shall be communicated to them immediately 

upon my receiving it, 

John Hancock 
Council Chamber Boston 7"^ Feb'' 1783 

In Senate February 7'M783 

Read and thereupon Orderd that Jedidiah Preble Esq"" with 

such as the Hon"'' House shall join be a Committee to take 

this Message together with the papers accompanying the same 

into Consideration and make report what may be proper to 

be done thereon 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 

In the House of Representatives February 8'*" 1783 

Read and concurred and Col° M'^Cobb & Col° Grow are 

joined 

Tristram Dalton Spk"" 



Petition Inhah^^ Town of Arundel. 

To the honorable Senate ; and the honorable House of Repre- 
sentatives in General Court assembled. 

May it please your Honors. 

We your Petitioners Inhabitants of the Town of Arundel 
beg Leave to represent our Situation to you and intreat your 
Attention to it. The Calamities of War have spread Diffi- 
culties and Scattered various Distresses thro' the County in 



OF THE STATE OF -MAIXE ITH 

general, but more especially in several Towns in the eastern 
part of it situated on the Sea Coast which have been deprived 
of the Profits of Navigation for several Years past in a very 
considerable Degree. The Scarcity of Provisions by the Ob- 
struction of Navigation and the Loss of our Vessells on one 
Side and the Severity of the Drought last Summer on the 
other have made it so extremely difficult to procure them by 
any Means that many of our Poor People have been reduced 
to very grievous Straits, and have suffered very much for the 
Want of them, not having wherewith to pay their Proportion 
of the public Taxes and provide the Necessaries of Life for 
their Families. 

The very considerable Numbers of Men at various Times 
gone from us into various Parts of the World some of v/hich 
have perished at Sea, others in the public Service on the Land 
have died and left Families in the Depth of Wretchedness in 
continual Want of the Necessaries of Life and unable to pro- 
cure any of them; many more have been and are yet in 
Captivity; besides those who are already in the continental 
Army, by which Means our Men Avho are able to go into the 
Army are reduced to a very small Number scarcely sufficient 
for our own defence from the Ravages of the Enemy to which 
we have been and are continually exposed ; so that it is ex- 
tremely Difficult to procure Men among us at any Rate; and 
impossible without hiring them at a very extravagant Price. 

These are some of the many Difficulties and Distresses the 
lidia!)itants of this County and we in this Town in j^artimlar 
have labored under for some time past, and are yet heavy 
upon us. And for these Reasons we have been deficient in 
procuring our Quota of the three Months Men for the Service 
of the Army, and not for Want of a zealous Attachment to 
the Interests of our Country. 

Wherefore we the Selectmen of the Town of Arundel in 
behalf of said Town do hmnbly and earnestly intrcat the 



174 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

General Assembly to take our Situation with the grievous 
Burdens and Distresses we labor under into Consideration, 
and lay not upon us the Penalty we are liable to by not send- 
ing our Proportion of the three months Men when it has not 
been in our Power to raise them by hiring or any other Vv^ay, 
while sinking under so many grievous Burdens. 

That the General Assembly may be directed into the most 
wise and Salutary Measures is the earnest Wish of your 
Petitioners. 

Benj^Dunill ) g^j^^^ 
Thomas Wiswall 



William Smith 
Arundel Feb""^ 8'*' 1783 



Men 



Memorial Simeon Mayo. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To the honorable the Senate & the honorable the House of 
Representatives in General Court assembled at Boston 
Feb^ 1783 — 

Simeon Mayo most respectfully sheweth 

That in the Year 1774 being indebted on Bond to Francis 
Waldo late of Falmouth in the County of Cumberland, now 
an Absentee, in the Sum of One thousand Pounds L. M. as a 
collateral Security for the Payment of that Sum, he by Deed, 
mortgaged to said Waldo half an Acre of Land with a dwell- 
ing House, two Stores & a large Distill House thereon, of 
the Value of twenty five hundred Pounds, That said Waldo on 
with drawing himself within the Enemies Lines carried with 
him said Bond & Mortgage, which still remain with him un- 
discharged & uncancelled: That in the Year 1775 in the Con- 
flagration of that unfortunate Town, all the Buildings without 
Exception mortgaged as aforesaid were totally destroyed, & 



or THE STATK OF MAIXE 175 

the Estate thereby reduced to the inconsiderable Value of 
three hundred Pounds at the highest computation: That a 
Libel in behalf of the Government was filed against the 
Premisses at the Inferior Court at Falmouth in March 1782 
& from that Court continued until! the next Court in October 
last at which Time Judgment was given on said Libel 1)\' 
Default ; That your Petitioner had engaged Council to appear 
in his behalf & claim said Estate, but the Gentleman he had 
requested to attend in his behalf was disappointed in not licing 
at said Court, & thereby the Default was suffered: Your 
Petitioner therefore prays the honorable Court, under the 
singularly difficult Circumstances of your Petitioners Case, 
to direct that the Default aforesaid be taken off & your Peti- 
tioner be admitted to defend his Claim to said Estate; or 
that your Honors would direct a Reversal of the Judgment 
aforesaid & a Dismission of said Libel, as the Commonwealth 
cannot eventually be benefited by the Sale of said half Acre of 
Land while the Bond & Mortgage remain undischarged in the 
hands of said Waldo or his Heirs, And your Petitioner as in 

Duty bound shall ever pray 

Simeon Mayo 
Boston S'"" Feb' 1783 

The committee to whom this petition was committed ask 
leave to report the annexed resolve 

E H Robbins p*" order — 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

Tn the house of representatives February 11*'' 1783 
On the petition of Simeon Mayo praying that the default 
suffered at the court of Common pleas last holden at Fal- 
mouth within and for the County of Cumberland upon a libel 
filed against a certain Estate as the property of Francis Waldo 
an absentee mentioned in the said petition may bo taken off 
and the said Mayo admitted to defend the same — Resolved 



iTn DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

that the justices of the court of Common pleas within and for 
the County of Cnmberland be and they hereby are empowered 
and directed to take off the default mentioned in the said 
petition, and that such trial of the said libel upon the merits 
thereof may be had before the same court at any future Term 
of its setting as if the same had been regularly continued 
from the last term of the said courts setting to the next and 
the default aforementioned had never happened — 
Sent up for concurrence 

Tristram Dalton Spk"" 

In Senate February 12''' 1783 
Read & Nonconcurred, 



S Adams Presid* 



In Senate March S"' 1783 
Reconsidered & Concurred 

S. Adams Presid* 
x\pprov'd John Hancock 



Resolve on Petition Timothy Hodgdon. 

Comm^onwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives February lO**" 1783 

On the Petition of Timothy Hodgdon, setting forth, "That 
in the year 1774 he did bargain with John Sparhawk Esq"" 
Agent to Sir William Pepperrell for 212/3 Acres of Land 
lying in Arundel in the County of York and paid for the 
same, but never had a Deed of it, and that it is now out of 
his power to obtain one — therefore — 

Resolved that the Committee on the Sale of confiscated 
Estates for the said County of York (or any one of them) be, 
and they are hereby impowered and directed, in behalf of this 
Commonwealth to make and execute a Deed of Release to the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 177 

said Timothy Hodgdon of the beforementioned twenty one 
Acres and two thirds of an Acre of Land — 
Sent up for concurrence 

Tristram Dalton Spk"" 
In Senate Feb^^ 1783 
Read & Concurred 

S Adams Presid' 

Approv'd John Hancock 

Wells Ocf lO*** 1782 
These may Certify whom it doth concern, that in the year 
1774 I the Subscriber having full power from Sir William 
Pepperrell then of Roxbury in this Commonwealth (but now 
an Absentee) did bargain wath & Sell to M"" Timothy Hodg- 
don of Arundel 21 2/3 Acres of Land or thereabouts lying 
in said Arundel at 12/ p*" Acre for a considerable part of 
which said Hodgdon actually paid in his labor before the 
present War began. Witness my hand — 

John Sparhawk 

Mr Hodgdon's Acco* of Labour which he says he is ready 

to make Oath to Amounts to Lawf Money £11 .. 8 .. 

Also paid Abiel ^Mirrell the Rates for the place in 1767 — 
£2 ..12 Total £14:0 

John Sparhawk 



Order Relating to Collectors of Excise. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate Feb^^ 11^'' 1783 

Whereas this Court have made Choice of Samuel Henshaw 

Esq"" to be Collector of Excise for the County of Suffolk 

Samuel Ward Esq"" for the County of Essex, Elijah Hunt 

Esq"" for the County of Hampshire, William Drew Esq"" for 

13 



1 ' 8 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the County of Plimouth, Joseph Nye Esq' for the County of 
Barnstable, Samuel Fales Esq"" for the County of Bristol, 
Jonathan Chesley Chadbourn Esq"" for the County of York, 
M"" Caleb Ammidown for the County of Worcester, Joseph 
North Esq' for the County of Lincoln, Cap' William Bacon 
for the County of Berkshire — 

Ordered, that the Secretary be and he hereby is directed 
forthwith to notify the aforenamed Gentlemen of their Elec- 
tions, and request their Answers respectively 
Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 
In the House of Representatives February 11''' 1783. 
Read and concurred 

Tristram Dalton Spk' 
Approved John Hancock 



Resolve in re Allowance of Collectors. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

The committee of Both Houses appointed to take into Con- 
sideration the proper allowance to be made to the Collectors 
of Excise in this Commonwealth have considered that ]\Iatter : 
and report the Following Resolve — 

Aaron Wood p"" Order 

Resolved, that the following allowance be made to the Sev- 
eral Colectors of Excise for the present year which shall be 
in full for their Respective Services and Necessary assistance. 
Viz — To the Collectors for the Counties of Suifolk & Essex 
Two p"" cent on the sums they shall respectively Collect. 

To the Collector for the County of Middlesex three p cent, 
on the sum he shall Collect 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 179 

To the Collectors for the Counties of York Cumberland 
Lincoln & Berkshier, Five p"" Cent and to the Collocutors of the 
other counties in this Commonwealth Four p"" Cent 
In Senate Feb^ 10''' 1782 
Kead & accepted 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid't 

In the House of Representatives Feb^ 11^'' 1783 

Read and concurred with amendment at A 
Viz at A insert ''Nantucket Dukes Conty 
Sent up for concurrence 

Tristram Dalton Spk"" 
In Senate Feb^ ll'^ 1783 

Read & Concurred S Adams Presid' 

Approv'd John Hancock. 



John Sewall Jr. to Governor. 

York Feb^ ll'" 1783 
Your Excellency 

Having been pleased with the advice of Council in the 
year 1781 to nominate and appoint me Register of Probate 
for the County of York — I would beg leave to observe, that, 
the fees and perquisites thereof are too inconsiderable to 
enable me to give that attention to it that such an otbce re- 
quires — As I am meditating a remove to a distant part of 
the County, where it will l)e inconvenient to have the office 
kept ; I ask leave to resign ; and, that your Excellency would 
be pleased to nominate some other person to that office in my 
stead. 

I am respectfully your Excellency's most obedient humble 
servant Jn° Sewall jun"" 

Daniel Sewall of York 



180 DOCUMEXTARY HISTORY 

Resolve directing the Justices of the Supreme Judicial 
Court to proceed to regulate the Principal & Interest on 
Depreciation Rates from the returns made in the Secretaries 
Office returns made 

Lieut x\aron Skinner — 



Resolve Relating to Indians. 

Common AYelth of Massachusetts 

in Senate Fehruary 13 1783 
the Committee of both Houses appointed to consider the 
governors message of the 7 February instant have attended 
that service & ask Leave to Report the following Resolve 

Jedidiah Preble p*" order 

Whereas there are now in this Town two Indians of the 
Penobscot Tribe, Capt Neptune & a young Indian Lad and 
whereas the situation of our Publick affairs in the Eastern 
parts of this Common welth makes it necessary to keep up a 
Friendly intercorse with Said Tribe 

Therefore Resolved that the Commissary general be and he 
hereby is directed forth with to procure one uniform Coat, 
Two Hats, two Shirts, two Pare of Indian Stockins one 
Blanket & two pare of Shoes & two pares of Breeches & deliver 
the Same to Said Indians & Charge the Same to this Common 
welth 

Read & Accepted 

Sent down for Concurrence S Adams Presid' 

In the House of Representatives FeV^ 14'*^ 1783 

Read and concurred Tristram Dalton Spk"" 

Approved John Hancock 

^ Two Hundred Powder one Hundred & Fifty of Balls 
^ three Hundred Shot Two Hundred Flints Knives Sixty 



OF THE STATK OF ilAIXE 181 

Hatchets fifty Tin Kittles Twenty Thred Twenty Large 
Xeedles one Thousand wormers sixty Steels to strike Fire 
sixty one Hundred"" of Tobacco Ten small Arms 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 



Resolves in re Abatement and Assessments of Taxes. 

In the House of Representatives Feb^ 13'^ 1783. 

Resolved that the selectmen & assessors of the several 
Towns & districts within this Commonwealth, shall meet to- 
gether at some place within their respective Towiis or dis- 
tricts, on the day of next, of which meeting 
they shall give previous notice seven days at least before the 
said time of meeting, by posting the same up in two or more 
public places, within their respective towns or districts, at 
which meeting they shall abate and discharge one fifteenth 
part of the quota, of their said towns or districts of the 
second moiety of the continental Tax, granted in the last 
session of the general court, & that the said abatement shall 
be credited and allowed on the taxes of those persons who in 
the Judgment of said selectmen & assessors, would be most 
distressed by the Collection thereof. And the said Selectmen 
shall forthwith make out fair & legible duplicate lists of the 
names of the persons whose Taxes they may abate as aforesaid 
& the sums to be to them respectively credited in the said Tax, 
one whereof they shall deliver to the constable or Collector 
in whose hands the assignments of the said Tax are & the 
other to the town Clerk where any such officer is, and where 
there is not, shall be retained in the hands of the said select- 
men or assessors, — 

And it is further resolved that the Treasurer of this Com- 
monwealth be & he hereby is directed to credit to the several 
Towns, who now stand charged their respective Quota, of 



182 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the tax aforesaid, cue fifteenth part of their said Quotas and 
that he likewise give the same proportion of credit to the 
constables & collectors to whom the said Tax hath been com- 
mitted. 

And whereas there will be a deficiency occationed by means 
of the said Abatement prescribed & directed by this resolution, 

It is further resolved that the said Deficiency occationed 
by means of the premises shall be allowed &, granted in the 
next continental Tax. — 

And it is further resolved that the said selectmen & as- 
sessors before they enter on the Execution of the trust hereby 
committed unto them shall take an oath before some Justice 
of the peace or the Town Clerk of their respective Towns or 
districts, (who are impowered to administer the same) faith- 
fully & impartially to execute the business hereby committed 
unto them. And if any Selectman or assessor shall neglect 
or refuse to do & perform the duty hereby devolved on him or 
them he or they so neglecting shall severally forfeit & pay 

the sum of pounds to be recovered by action of debt, by 

any person who will sue for the same before the court of com- 
mon pleas in the county where the said forfeitures shall be 
incurred & the said selectmen & assessors shall be intitled to 

receive from their respective towns the sum of ■ 

shillings by the day for their service in the performance of 
their Trusts herein (if they shall demand the same) 

And it is further resolved that the Constables & Collectors 
of the several Towns & Districts in this Commonwealth to 
whom the assessments of the said tax hath been or may be 
committed shall by the selectmen & assessors of the towns to 
which they severally belong be notified to attend & shall ac- 
cordingly attend the s'^ meetings of the Selectmen & assessors 
& if any Constable or Collector shall neglect or refuse to at- 
.tend as aforesaid, being duly certified thereof, the Constable 
or collector so neglecting or refusing shall forfeit & pay the 



OP THE STATE OF MAINE 183 

sum of pounds, to be recovered bj action of Debt 

in the Court of common pleas in the County where said de- 
linquent Constable or collector lives, by any person who will 
sue & prosecute for the same. — 



Resolve on Petition of Samuel C'ohb. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate Feb"" 17 1783 

On the petition of Samuel Cobb 

Resolved that Samuel Cobb be and he herein' is Tmpowcred 
to receive from the Treasurer of this Commonwealth a Silver 
Tankard and a large Silver Cup belonging to the Estate of 
William Tyng an Absentee giving his receipt therefor — and 
it is further Resolved that the Said Samuel Cobb be Ini- 
powered to make Sale of ^ so much of the Real Estate of the 
Said William Tyngs as ^' will be sufficient with the said 
Tankard and Cup ^ to pay the Creditors of the said Williams 
and to reimburse the said Cobb the Charges of his Agency, 
he to be accountable for the same 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 

In the House of Representatives Fcb''^ 17"' 1783 
Sent up for concurrence 

Tristram Dal ton Spk"" 

Read and concurred w"' amendments from A to C 

at A insert "the s** Tankard & cup & at B insert "with the 
proceeds of the s*^ Tankard & cup at C dele from C to D. 

In Senate FeV^ 21^' 1783 
Read & concurred 

S Adams Presid* 

Approved John Hancock 



184 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Resolve Relating to Trespassers. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate Feb 15 1783 

Whereas there is a Tract of Land adjoining the Town of 
Sanford & between the Town of Lebanon and the lands lately 
Confirmed to the Proprietors — claiming under i^icholas 
Shapleigh, containing about Two thousand Acres, without 
the bounds of any Incorporated Town the Property of this 
Common Wealth, upon which Land there are many Valuable 
masts, and as it is said that some Persons have made Strip 
and Waste thereon and are preparing to Carry off the Mast 
Trees aforesaid by cutting them into Loggs and for other 
uses — 

Therefore to prevent any further destruction of the said 
Timber, and also that such as have heretofore trespassed on 
the said Land may be called upon to make speedy satisfaction 
therefor. 

It is Resolved that Dominicus Goodwine Esq"" and William 
Frost Jun"" Gent, both of Berwick in the County of York, Be 
& hereby are appointed Agents to Commence and prosecute 
to final Judgment and Execution, in the name and behalf of 
this Commonwealth any Person or Persons, that hath or have 
Committed any Trespass on the said Land since the 25*'' day 
of October one thousand seven hundred and Eighty ; or that 
hereafter may Commit Trespass thereon, And the said Agents 
may Submit to reference any Action or suit, or supposed 
Cause of Action, in the same way and manner they can Sub- 
mit their private Suits, and to Account with the Judge of 
Probate for the County of York for all Sums of money that 
may recover and Receive in Consequence of this Resolve, 
and to pay into the Treasury of this Commonwealth, Such 
Sum or Simas as may on their ace* so examined and allowed 
appear to be due to the State, and the Treasurers Receipt 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 185 

shall be a full discharge, for all such Sums as they may pay. 
And to prevent any Alteration respecting the manner of 
bringing Actions; The State shall be, "To Answer to the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts, who sue by Dominicus 
Groodwine Esq"" and William Frost Jun"" Gent, both of Ber- 
wick in the County of York, Agents in that behalf specially 
appointed." and the personal appearance of either of the said 
Agents in Court or such Council learned in the Law as they 
may Appoint shall be sufficient to sustain any action — 
Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 

In the House of Representatives Febr'' 18'^ 1783 
Read and concurred 

Tristram Dalton Spk'" 

Approv'd John Hancock, 



Resolve in re Incorporation of Pearsontown. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

House Representatives Feb^ 19"" 1783 

Whereas it has been Represented to this Court that the 
Plantation called Pearsontown in the County of Cumberland 
is every way sufficiently qualified to be incorporated into a 
Town but neglect to Apply for Incorporation only to avoid 
paying Taxes — 

Therefore Resolv'd that the Inhabitants of the said Plan- 
tation be notified to appear on the first Wednesday of June 
next to shew cause (if any they have) why they should not 
be incorporated & that ^ M"" Stephen Longfellow Esq"" be 
directed to notify the said Inhabitants by leaving ^ a Copy 



186 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

of this Eesolve with one of the principal Inhabitants of this 

Phmtation — 

Sent up for concurrence 

Tristram Dalton Spk"" 
In Senate March 25, 1783 

Sent down for concurrence 

Read & concurred with amendments at A & B — 

at A dele Stephen Longfellow & insert Simon Frje Esq"" 

at B dele a & insert an attested 

S Adams Presid* 

In the House of Representatives March 26, 1783 

Read & concurred 

Tristram Dalton Spk"" 

Approv'd John Hancock 



Affidavit in Rittal Case. 

We Mathew Chase and Robert Cochran both of lawful Age 
testify & say that we were present with Mr. Hugh Mclellan 
at the dwelling house of M"" Francis Rittal in Pownalborough, 
this twenty first day of February A. D. 1783, when the said 
Hugh Mclelan read a Copy of a Petition from Cap* Joseph 
Mclelan to the General Court relating to an Action com- 
menced by said Rittal against the said Joseph Mclelan to- 
gether with the order of the General Court thereon, which 
Copy was attested by the Jury, and after the said Hugh had 
read the Petition & order to the said Rittal he delivered the 
same into his hands & left it with him — 

Robert Cochran Mathew Chase 

Lincoln Ss. February 21. 1783 

Then the said Robert & Mathew made oath to the Truth of 
the aforewritten Deposition by them subscribed 

Before Jon** Bowman Just Peace 



OF THE STATE OF ^lAlNE 187 

Resolve on Petition Elizabeth Wildridge. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate Feb. 20^'' 1783 

On the Petition of Elizabeth Wildridge of Falmouth in 
the County of Cumberland, praying (for Reasons set forth 
in said Petition) that a small Real Estate, lately belonging 
to James Wildridge late of said Falmouth dec*^ which Estate 
agreeable to the Laws of this Commonwealth hath been con- 
fiscated to the Use of the said Commonwealth, may be restored 
to her the said Elizabeth and her Children, 

Resolved, That the Committee for making Sale of the 
Estates of Absentees in the County of Cumberland be and 
hereby are directed not to proceed to sell the Estate above 
mentioned, nor to disturb the said Elizabeth in the quiet 
Possession of the same, till the further Order of the General 
Court 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid* 

In the House of Representatives Feb""^ 22'* 1783 
Read and concurred 

Tristram Dalton Spk"" 

Approv'd John Hancock 



George Washington to General Court. 

Head (»)uartcrs Newburgh 22" Feb^ 1783 
Gentlemen 

I have been honord by the hands of Maj. General Lincoln 
and M"" Higginson with (he joint address of the Honorable 
the Senate, and House of Representatives of the Common- 
wealth of Massachusetts dated the 8"" day of this IMonth, con- 
taining a representation respecting the British Post at Penob- 



188 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

scot, and the dangerous situation of the Eastern frontiers of 
the Commonwealth together with some proposals for the de- 
fence or entire liberation thereof from danger 

Ever disposed to give the utmost succour to every part of 
the United States | which the means intrusted to my care will 
enable me to do | when invaded or menaced by the Enemy I 
can never fail to pay a due consideration to the calls of a State, 
whose exertions have been so great & meritorious as those of 
Massachusetts — There are however two things in expectation 
which do at this time prevent my giving any positive Answer 
to the proposition, and wdiich may, in case either of them 
should take place eventually supersede the necessity of taking 
any further measures on the subject ; the first is | the most 
desireable of all events | a general Pacification — the second | 
should the first mentioned event not happen, is a project for 
attacking the garrison of I'^Tew York with an intention to re- 
duce or exterminate the Enemy by a single decisive Effort; 
should this be resolved on as the most elligible measure after 
the maturest deliberation, it will doubtless be conceded on 
all hands that while our resources ought to be opend for the 
attainment of this object every subordinate consideration 
must of course give place to one of almost infinitely greater 
Magnitude 

But as these matters are now before Congress to whom I 
have had the honor of submitting them, and whose decision 
respecting offensive or defensive operations. I shall await 
for the government of my future conduct ; I can only add 
that altho I do not conceive how a serious Expedition could 
with any prospect of success be attempted against the Enemy 
at Penobscot without a Naval co-operation on account of the 
heavy expence and consequent impractability of land trans- 
portation for the Artillery, Stores, &c ; I beg it may never- 
theless be understood I shall always be ready to give my con- 
currence to any judicious plans which will contribute to the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 189 

security of the exposed extremities of your Commomvealth 
whenever the circumstances will admit & whenever an object 
of confessedly higher consideration & importance shall not 
occur to prevent it — In the mean time should the War be 
protracted and only defensive measures adopted, the pro- 
tection & safety of the eastern frontiers of your State (a 
Territory whose Utility is very deeply impressed upon me) 
will claim & receive my particular attention 

With perfect respect I have the Honor to be Gentlemen 
Your most humble and INfost Obedient Servant 

G° Washington 
The Honorable Sam' Adams Esq President of the Senate — 
and Tristram Dalton Esq"" Speaker of the House of 
Representatives 

In Senate March 6'" 1783 

Read & Sent down S Adams Presid^ 

In the House of Representatives INEarch 6^'' 1783 

Read and sent up — 

Tristram Dalton Spk"" 



Petition James Hunter. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts To the Hon. Senate & the 
House of Representatives in General Court assembled. 
The Petition of James Hunter humbly Sheweth That in 
the year 1779 your Petitioner served 2 ]\lonths & 21 days as 
a Major in CoP Sam' M'^Cobbs Regiment of IMilitia which 
was employed against the British Garison at Penobscut as 
may appear by s'' CoP j\PCobb's Roll, now in the Office of the 
Committee for liquidating accounts ; but by the establishment 
made for said Regiment & others employ'd on that expedition, 
your Petitioner's pay & Rations does not amount to more than 
one third part of what ho would have been intitled to receive 



190 DOCUMEiS'TAKY HISTORY 

according to the continental Establishment, which, as your 
Petitioner conceives, is evidentl_y nnjnst & unequal & he there- 
fore huml)ly pravs that your Honors will he pleased to take 
the matter into consideration & grant that he may be allowed 
continental pay Rations during his being in Service as afore- 
said & your Petitioner will pray &c 

James Hunter 
Boston Pel/ 24"' 1783 

Notice to Selectmen Town of Windham. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

House of Representatives Pel/ 25''' 1783 
On the petition of the Selectmen of the Town of Windham, 
in the County of Cumberland setting forth that the legality 
of a meeting held in said Town on the 25"' of March 1773 
is called in Question for reasons set forth in said petition 
therefore Ordered that the petitioners notify all persons con- 
cerned by puldishing the prayer of their petition with the 
order thereon three weeks successively in Willis's Independ- 
ant Cronicle twenty days at least before the second Wednesday 
of the next sitting of this Gen' Court where they are hereby 
ordered to appear and shew cause (if any they have) why 
the prayer of said petition should not be granted 

Representation of Selectmen Accompanying Above. 

To the Honorable Senate and the Honorable House of Repre- 
sentatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in 
General Court Assembled — Humbly shew 
The Selectmen of the Town of Windham in the County of 
Cumberland in said Commonwealth — 

That agreeabl}' to an Act of the General Court pass'd A D 
1773 the hundred Acre Lots in said Windham described in 
said Act were assessed one penny half pr Acre by the As- 



OF THE STATE OF MAI.VE 191 

sessors chosen at a Meeting of the Inhabitants of said Town 
held on the 25"" J\rarch the same year — That the Owners 
of several of said Lots neglected to pay the said Tax — and 
thereupon so much of their s** Lands were sold as was suffi- 
cient to pay the same — 

That the purchasers received Deed of the said Assessors & 
some of them have improved and disposed of the Lands they 
so purchased — 

That the legality of the said ]\rarch Meeting hath lately 
been called in question on pretence that some of the In- 
habitants were not Voters — That although some Disputes 
arose when the said Assessors were chosen, it w^as determined 
by the Moderator of s"^ Meeting that they were fairly chosen — 
and a Record was made at the Time thereof — That much 
confusion would arise in said Town — and great Injury 
accrue to the Purchasers of Said Lands if the assessments & 
Sales aforesaid should be judged illegal — 

Your Petitioners therefore humbly pray your Honors to 
pass some Act whereby the Record aforesaid should be estab- 
lished, and adjudged in Law sufficient evidence of the legality 
of the Choice of Assessors as aforesaid, notwithstanding any 
disputes that may arise with respect to the qualifications of 
Voters at said March IMeeting 

And your Petitioners as in duty ImmiikI will pray 

TTij J A 1 ] Selectmen 

Jl/award Anderson r 

David Bowker ( ,^. ,, 

/ Windham 
Windham Sep' 12 1782 

David Sewall to Tristram DaUon Esq. 

Boston Feb^ 28 1783 
Sir, 

On Casting my Eye over Willis Cronicle Yesterday I 
found an Advertisement Respecting the L^nimproved Lands 



192 DOCU:^rEXTARY HISTORY 

in the Plantation called Littlefalls, in York County ; of Lady 
Mary Pepperrell's being assessed at £14.. 19 .. 1 and the last 
^londay in March next, fixed for the Sale of so much of them 
as would pay it — I am so much Acquainted With the Real 
Estate of Lady Pepperrell, that I am fully persuaded She 
has none there, but such as were given her in the Will of Sir 
W"" Pepperrell, and those were during her Life only and after 
her Decease, Were devised over to his Grandson William 
Pepperrell Sparhawk the late Mandamus Counceller Now 
Known by the Name of Sir William Pepperrell — As Lady 
Pepperrell has only her Life in these Lands tis very unlikely 
she will pay the Taxes — and they may be sold for a 1/10 
or perhaps 1/20 of their Value — As all the Interest Sir 
William Deceased Claimed under William or Bridget Philips, 
(Which by the by was Considera'") I take it was devised to 
his Lady and Daughter during their lives only, and, after 
their Decease to his Grandson aforesaid — Now if Govern- 
ment expect to be Benefitted hereafter by these Lands as 
accrueing to them by the confiscation of Sir William Pep- 
perrell's Estate — Would it not be adviseable to take Some 
order to prevent the Sale of any part of them for the Non 
paiment of Taxes and as all the Landed Interest the dec"* Sir 
William left in the County of York may be devised to the 
Lady Pepperrell & her Daughter Mrs. Sparhawk in the same 
Manner Query if Some Person might not be authorized to 
Confer with them on the Subject of their Interest in the 
Unimproved Lands, and to make some agreement or Com- 
position with them about these LTnimproved Lands I find 
that the general Court in the last Sessions, appointed Benj^ 
Chadbourn Esq"" Nathan Wells Esq"" & myself to make Par- 
tition on the part of the Commonwealth, With the Heirs & 
assigns of Will™ Philips — This appointment has Induced 
me amid the Hurry of other Business, in View of the Ad- 
vertisement aforesaid to Suggest these Hints as they may be 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 193 

improved to the x'Vdvantage of Government — Whether the 
Plantation of Littlefalls or any other Plantation unincor- 
porated has a Right to Tax unimproved Lands may be a 
Question ? at least in all future assessments it might be well 
to Express it plainly one way or the other 

I am Sir Your most Humble Serv' 

David Sewall 
Hon, Tristram Dalton Esq*" 



Resolve on Petition dipt. Henry Dyer. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives March 1, 1783 
On the Petition of Capt Henry Dyer Praying that he with 
the officers & men Belonging to his Company of Rangers so 
called in the year 1780 may be allowed their Rations whilst 
in the service of this State agreable to a Resolve of the gen- 
eral Court of the fifteenth of ^o\' 1780 — 

Resolved that the Commissary General be & he is hereby 
directed to Deliver to Cap' Henry Dyer two thousand three 
hundred & Eighty Pounds of beef with an equal quantity of 
flour in full for the said Dyers & his companys Rations 
whilst in the service of this State to be by him delivered to 
each Person Respectively to whom it is due, Takeing dupli- 
cate Receipts for the same one of which to be Returned in 
to the Secretarys office otherwise to accompt with the said 
Commissary General therefor 

Sent up for concurrence 

Tristram Dalton Spk"" 
In Senate March 8'" 1783 
Read & Concurred 

S Adams Presid* 

Approv'd John Hancock. 

14 



194 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Resolve on Petition Benj'^ Dunning et al. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the house Representatives IVEarch ll"" 1783 — 
On the petition of Benj° Dunning and John Rodick Select 
men of the town of harpswell Praying for an abatment of 
two of the three Soldiers Which the Said town of harpswell 
were ordred to raise By a Resolve of the General Court 
passed March 7"^ 1782 — 

Resolved that the said town of harpswell Be abated Two 
men any Resolve to the Contrary notwithstanding and It is 
further Resolved that the said town of harpswell Be im- 
powered to assess the inhabitants of said town for the one 
man that they procured in the same manner as tho' Said 
tow^n had But one man to Raise 
Sent up for concurrence 

Tristram Dalton Spk"" 
In Senate March 12*^ 1783 
Read & Concurred 

S Adams Presid* 

Approved John Hancock 



Resolve in re Execution of Martial Law. 

Commonw'ealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate March 11 1783 
Whereas Brigadier General Wadsworth was by a Resolve 
of the General Court passed the IS*'' day of March 1780 
impowered to Execute Martial Law within certain Limits in 
the County of Lincoln, and Whereas Doubts have arisen & 
may hereafter arise respecting the true Intent & Meaning of 
the said Resolve so far as it relates to the Limits within 
which Martial Law might be executed which have been & 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 195 

may hereafter prol)ably be the Foundation of divers Disputes 
& vexatious Law Suits unless prevented by an Explanatory 
Kesolve of the Legislature therefore 

Resolved that according to the true Intent & Meaning of 
the said Resolve the Limits for exercising martial Law in the 
said County not only extended to & included all places within 
the said County being within Ten Miles of the main Ocean 
but also to all places in the said County within Ten Miles 
of any Navigable Inlet Harbour or River which might be 
considered as part of the Sea or so communicating therewith 
as to be navigable by Armed Ships or Vessels & the said Re- 
solve always ought to have been so understood; & shall be 
construed & practised upon accordingly 
Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid^ 
In the House of Representatives March 12^^ 1783 

Read and concurred 

Tristram Dalton Spk"" 

Approv'd John Hancock. 

Petiiion of Sarah Nason. 

To the Hon"''' the Senate and House of Representatives of 
the Common Wealth of Massachusetts in general Court 
assembled 

Humbly Shews 

Sarah Xason of York in the same County Widow relict of 
Shubal ISTason late of the same York, yeoman deceased — 
Intestate — That the said Shubal Nason, who at the Time of 
his Death was a private Soldier in the Service of the United 
States, died Siezed in Fee of Twenty five Acres of land in 
said York under a small Incumbrance by Way of ]\rortgage 
to one Josiah Parsons of Whom the same was purchas'' That at 
the Time of his Death he left two small children, and your 



106 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petitioner pregnant with a Third — Which since his Death 
has been born, and is still liveing — That She finds it verv 
difficult to support herself and the three Children by the in- 
come of the said Twenty five Acres of Land — and she has 
now an opportunity of disposing the same by Way of ex- 
change with Joshua Bridges and Jasper Grant for about 
Thirty Acres of other Land in the same Town, much to the 
advantage of herself and minor Children, as she apprehends, 
had she legal authority thus to do, Wherefore she prays this 
Hon'*''' Court to authorize her to Exchange the same Lands 
her late Husband purchased of the said Jos Parsons — with 
Joshua Bridges & Jasper Grant — or to sell and dispose of 
the same in Fee to other Persons & the proceeds of the Sale 
to Vest in other Lands for the use of the Petitioner and the 
minor children in the same way and manner the same Lands 
purchas^ of s*" Jos Parsons, by Law described, and your Peti- 
tioner as in duty bound shall ever pray &c — 

Sarah -|- Nason 
York Jan'' 20''' 1783 

Witness Nicolas Sewall 

We the Subscribers are satisfied of the Truth of the Facts 
within mentioned are of Opinion that the Proposed exchange 
of Lands will, all Circumstances taken in Consideration be 
advantageous to the Widow and for the benefit of the Minor 

Children — 

Joseph Simpson \ Selectmen 

N^icolas Sewall / of the Town 

Joseph Weare ' of York. 

Resolve Appointing Edward Grow. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Kepresentatives March 12'*^ 1783 
Pesolved that Edward Grow Esq"" be & hereby is appointed 
Agent in & for the County of York to receive the price of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 197 

corn, Beef, Sheep, ^Yool & Sole Leather, in order to ascer- 
tain the value of the notes given to the officers & Soldiers of 
this Commonwealth's quota of the Continental Army for the 
depreciation of their wages, in the room of M"" Joseph Sewall 
deceased 

Sent up for concurrence 

Tristram Dalton Spk"" 
In Senate March 13'" 1783 

Read & concurred 

S Adams Presid' 

Approv'd John Hancock 



Resolve in re Land in Plantation Little Falls. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House Representatives March 17''' 1783 

On the Representation of the Honorable David Sewall Esq 
Whereas the Land Lying in the plantation of Little Falls 
Advertised in Willises Chronicle to be sold for the pa;y^nent 
of Taxes Assessed on the Same in 1781 Appears not to be the 
Estate of Lady iMary Pepperrell but appears to belong to this 
Common Wealth — 

Therefore Resolved that Joseph Chadbourne Collector of 
Taxes for the plantation of Little falls is herein- Directed 
not to Sell the said Land but to apply To Thomas Ivers Esq 
Treasurer of this Common Wealth to allow him the Same on 
the Tax of October 1781 & the Said Thomas Ivers Esq is 
hereby Directed to Discompt with the said Joseph Chad- 
bourne the Sum of Fourteen pounds Nineteen Shillings «Sr 
Seven pence being the Sum assessed on the said Land with 



198 DOCUMEXTARY HISTORY 

Fifteen Shillings, it being the Cost of Advertising the Said 
Land & it is hereby further Resolved That the Hon*"^ Benj^ 
Chadbonrne & David Sewall & I^athaniel Wells Esq"" be a 
Committee to Confer with Lady Mary Pepperrell & his 
Daughter M""" Sparhawk on the Subject of their Interest in 
the said unimproved Lands, or any other Lands which they 
hold in the same Manner and to make some Agreement or 
Composition with them for the same in Behalf of this Com- 
monwealth and to make Report of their Doings thereon To 
the General Court for their Approbation 
Sent up for concurrence 

Tristram Dalton Spk"" 
In Senate March 18, 1783 

Read & Concurred as taken into a New Draft 
Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid* 
In the House of Representatives March 19'^ 1783 
Read and concurred 

Tristram Dalton Spk"" 
Appro v'd John Hancock 



James Lunt to John Avery. 

Falm° March 17'" 1783 
Sir 

I this day rec*^ yours of the 25^'' past, informing me of my 
Appointment as a Collector of Excise for the County of Cum- 
berland. (I had rec*^ previous information & wrote to a Gentle- 
man of the House respecting the matter but have rec'' no re- 
turns) Sir I gladly accept the appointment, and think my- 



OF THE STATE OF ^lAIXE 199 

self under the Highest Obligations, therefor, hoping to answer 
every expectation Sir, I am with mnch Esteem 

Your faithful 1 Hunih' Serv' 
John Averv Esq"" James Lunt 

Resolve Relative to Land in Plantation Little Falls. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives March 18"" 1783 

On the Representation of the Honorable David Sewall 
Esq*" that certain Unimproved Lands called Lady PepperrelTs, 
in the plantation of Little Falls in York County app'd 
£14.. 19. 7, & advertised for Sale in order to pay the same, 
are in his opinion the Property of Sir William Pepperrell 
an Absentee & may accrue to this Commonwealth by a Con- 
fiscation of the said Absentee's Estate 

Resolved that Joseph Chadbourne Collector of Taxes for 
the Plantation of Little falls, be & He hereby is prohibited 
selling the said Land, and the Treasurer of this Common- 
wealth is hereby directed to stay his Execution against the 
said Collector for the said Tax of £14 : 19 .. 7 untill the fur- 
ther Order of this General Court ; »& the said Treasurer is 
further directed to allow the said Collector Fifteen Shillings 
for Costs of advertising the said Land — 

And it is further Resolved That the Honorable Lenjamin 
Chadbourne David Sewall & Nathaniel Wells Esquires be & 
they hereby are constituted a (V)mmittee to examine & ascer- 
tain the State of the Property, of tli(! unimproved Lands 
above mentioned, tfc also any other unimproved Lands in the 
said County of York in a like Predicament ; and the said 
Committee are authorized »& impower'd, in the Cases that 
may appear to them necessary, to treat with Lady ^Tarv 
Pepperrell & her Daughter on the Subject of their Right or 
Interest in any of the said T>nnds, to propose Terms of Agree- 



200 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ment & Composition for their Relinquishment of the said 
Rights & Interests, to be presented to the General Court for 
their approbation — 

Certificate of Indebtedness of Absentees. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts Cumberland Ss — 

To John Lewis, Samuel Small and Samuel Freeman Esq" 
a Committee appointed and impowered by the General Court 
of the said Commonwealth to sell the Real Estate of Absentees 
in the said County of Cumberland — 

These certify That there is due from the Estate of Francis 
Waldo Esq. late of Falmouth in said County an Absentee, to 
the following Persons, the Sums set against there respective 
names, as the same has been liquidated and allowed by the 
Commissioners appointed to receive and examine the Claims 
on said Estate^- viz 
To Enoch Freeman Esq the sum of £25 10 8 

To Thomas Child 61 3 5 

To Jabez Jones, Collector — 9 7 6 

To Benjamin Bayley ColF 12 10 6 

To the Rev"* Thomas Brown 10 



£118 12 1 
And also to Thomas Child Esq. as Agent to 
said Estate as p"" his Accounts settled and al- 
lowed the sum of £136 — 5 — 7 
Total £254—17—8 
Amounting in y^ whole to the Sum of Two hundred & fifty 
four Pounds 17/8 lawful money 

! County of Cumberland 
Judge of Probate 
of Wills &c for said 

Dated the eighteenth day of March A D 1783 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 201 

Resolves in re Military Affairs. 

The Committee of both Houses to whom was referred the 
Consideration of the Memorial of joynt Selectmen & Com- 
mittees in the County of Cumberland, have attended the serv- 
ice assigned them, & ask leave to report the following 

Resolves — 

Jedidiah Preble p"" Order 

In Senate Mar 19 1783 

Eead & accepted 

Sent down for concurrence 

S Adams Presid* 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate March lO''^ 1783 — 

On the Representation of Joynt Selectmen and Com- 
mittees in the County of Cumberland 

Resolved, that the Governor be requested to issue Orders 
to the Commanding Officers of the Counties of York and 
Cumberland, to Detach from the aforesaid Counties, Five 
hundred Men, with proper Officers to Command the same, 
for the term of Four months from the time of their Arrival 
at the place of Rendezvous unless sooner discharged, the said 
Ofiicers and Privates to be on the same Establishment as 
those are in the Continental Army to rendezvous at Falmouth 
or such other place as the Officers Commanding shall direct, 
and be under the Command of such Officers as the Governor 
shall appoint ; to be employed for the Defence of the Counties 
of Cumberland and Lincoln as Occasion shall require — . 

Be it further Resolved, That the Governor be requested to 
give such Orders as he shall judge necessary to the Commis- 
sary General, to supply the said Men with Military Stores 
and provisions the issuing Commissary of the said Stores 
and provisions to be accountable to the Commissary General 
for the Expenditure of the same 



202' IiOCU>.IENTAKY HISTOKY 

Resolved, that the Governor be requested to give Orders 
to the Commissar)^ General to send to Falmouth, two hun- 
dred and fifty Stands of Fire Arms, three hundred weight 
of Powder, nine hundred weight of Musquet Ball, and One 
Thousand Flints to he delivered to Samuel Freeman Esq'' at 
the said Falmouth, to be by him disposed of to the Inhabitants 
of the Eastern Counties at the Current price they are nov/ 
sold for — the said Samuel Freeman to be accountable to the 
Commissary General for the proceeds of the same — 

And it is further Resolved that the Governor be and he 
hereby is requested to appoint Brigadier Wadsworth to Com- 
mand the aforesaid Men and such of the Militia of the Coun- 
ties as may be called forth for the Defence thereof. 

Resolved, that the Governor be further requested to give 
Orders that the Militia in the said Eastern Counties hold 
themselves in Readiness to march for the Defence of the same 
upon the first Notice given to the Brigadier of the said Coun- 
ties respectively, by the Officer to be appointed as aforesaid 
of the iSTecessity thereof 
Sent down for Concurrence S Adams Presid' 

In the House of Representatives March 22*^ 1783 
Read and concurred as taken into a new Draft 
Sent up for concurrence Tristram Dalton Spk"" 

In Senate March 24"^ 1783 

Read & Non Concurred & the Senate adhere to their own 

Vote 

Sent down S Adams Presid* 

In tlie House of Representatives March 24"^ 1783 

Read and Non-concurred & the House adhere to their own 
vote — Tristram Dalton Spk"" 

In Senate March 2G 1783 

Read again & the Senate reconsider their Vote of the 24'^ 
of March and propose to the Honorable House a further Con- 



OF TIIK STATE OF MAINE 203 

sideration of the foregoing Resolves connected with others or 

Papers. 

Sent down 

S Adams Presid' 

In the House of Representatives March 26, 1783 

Read again & the House adhere to their own Vote 

Sent up for concurrence 

Tristram Dalton Spkr. 
In Senate March 26 1783 

Read and reconsidered & the Senate Concurr with the Hon 

House in their new Draft 

S Adams Presid* 

Approved John Hancock 



Petition of General Heath. 

To the Honorable the Senate and House of Representatives 
of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, in General 
Court Assembled, March 1783 

The Petition of William Heath, Major General in the 
Army of the United States of America Humbly sheweth. 

That in the Year 1778, your petitioner then having the 
honor to Command the Eastern department, from the ex- 
hausted state of the Continental pay office and (Quarter ]\[aster 
department, and the pressing exigencies of the Public service 
at that time particularly requiring the forwarding of clothing 
&c to the Main Army supplying the Convention Troops with 
fuel and the building of Temporary barracks at Rutland, was 
constrained to apply to the Honorable Council for an aid of 
money, which they had the goodness to grant in three several 
instances, viz' January 23'''', February 16'" and April 10'" 
That as your petitioner then Commanded the department, and 
applied to Council in his Official capacity, he conceives that 



204 DOCrMENTARY HISTORY 

the monies so applied for, and lent, should have been charged 
to the account of the United States, and that his application 
with the receipt of the Public Officer (who received the 
money) on the warrants, would be ample vouchers for the 
Commonwealth to support the Charges. But your petitioner 
to his surprise finds that the monies so lent, are charged to 
him on the Books lodged in the hands of the Committee of 
accounts, which he presumes will not be thought reasonable 
as the monies never came into his hands, but were received 
by the Public Officer, and immediately applied to the public 
service, and he has reason to apprehend that one of the ac- 
counts at least has been for several Years Settled by a Com- 
mittee, or some Gentleman appointed by the Honorable 
Council for the purpose. 

Wherefore your petitioner humbly Prays, that your Honors 
would be pleased to take the case into consideration, and 
cause the charges to be made against the United States, and 
not allow them to stand as at present against him, which he 
cannot but consider as unreasonable and injurious or other- 
wise order as to your Honors in your great wisdom may ap- 
pear fit. 

And your petitioner as in Duty bound will pray &!^ 

W Heath M General 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

March 19"> 1783 

On the Petition of Maj'" Gen' Heath setting forth that when 

he had Command in the Eastern Department in the year 

1778 he made application to this State for Money for the use 

of the United States and Expected the Sums of Money so 

advanced would have been Charged to the same — but finds 

that he personaly is charged with the sum of Five Thousand 

seven hundred pounds, Received on three warrants dated 

Jan^ 23"^ Feh^ W and April 10"^ all in the year 1778 and 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 205 

Praying that he may be discharged from the aforesaid Sum 

and the United States Charged with the Same 

Resolved that the ( V)mmittee for Methodizing and Stateing 
the Public Accounts be & the_y hereby are directed to dis- 
charge jMaj"" Gen' Heath from the sum of Five Thousand 
seven hundred pounds Charged to him on three Warrants 
dated Jan^ 23" Feb'' 16'*' and April lO'" in the year 1778, 
and the Same be Charged to the United States provided he 
Shall Produce Sufficient vouchers, to the Committee afore- 
said, to Support the Charge 



Resolves on Petition of Richard Devens Esq''. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate I\rarch l!)'" 17S;3. 

On the Petition of the Joint Committees & Select ]\len of 
the County of Cumberland 

Resolved that Richard Devens Esq'' the Commissary Gen- 
eral be & he hereby is Impower'd & directed to procure by 
Hire or Purchase a small Vessel not exceeding thirty Tuns & 
one Whale boat & Equip them for the purpose of Cruizing 
against the Enemies of the United States in Casco Bay & 
the Eastern Shore and that the s** Commissary General be 
& he hereby is Impowr'd & Directed to Collect the Fire Arms 
(Sr any other property that belongs to this Common Wealth in 
the Hands of any Person or Persons in the County of Cum- 
berland and dispose of the same with the barrack that is at 
Falmouth for the most it will fetch either at Publick or 
private sale and appropriate the same for fixing the said 
Vessel & boat — 

And be it further Resolved that his Excellency the Gover- 
nor be requested to Commision some suital)le Person to Com- 
mand the s" Vessel & boat & give Order for mauing the same 



206 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

with such a number of men and for so long a time as the 
Governor — with advice of Council shall Judge for the Ad- 
vantage of the Common Wealth 

And it is further Resolved that his Excellency the Governor 
be requested to give orders for continuing the Guards at Fal- 
mouth & Cape Elizabeth on the same establishment as last 
year for so long a time as the Governor with the advice of 
Council shall Judge for the Advantage and safety of this 
Common Wealth. 

And it is further Resolved that the Commissary General 
be (S: he is hereby directed to supply the officers and men be- 
longing to the s"^ Vessel & Boats with the same rations as the 
officers & men on board the Sloop Winthrop are Intitled to 
receive and the Guards with the same rations as last year 

And it is further resolved that there be allowed and paid 
to each officer and mariner on board y" s** Vessel & boat such 
Sums as the Governor with Advice of Council shall think 
proper, & not exceeding the same wages as the officers & men 
receive on bord sloop Winthrop and it is further Resolved that 
there be paid to each non-commissioned officer & Private, 
detached pursuant to the foregoing Resolve, & who shall well 
& truly serve, the full Term for which He shall have been 
so detach'd, or untill He shall be otherwise regularly dis- 
charged by the Commanding officer, the Sum of three pounds 
which Sum together with the Pay of the said ISTon-com- 
missioned officers & Privates shall be paid out of the monies 
arising from the Tax granted this present March — 

And it is further Resolved that there be paid, out of the 
Monies arising on the Continental Taxes granted March S"' 
and Xov"" 9'^ 1782, by the Treasurer of this Commonwealth to 
Richard Devens Esq"" Commissary General a Sum not exceed- 
ing three Thousand pounds, for the purpose of purchasing 
Provisions & other necessary Stores for the Supply of the 
Men to be raised agreably to the foregoing Resolves 



or THE STATE OF ^FAIXE 207 

And it is further Resolved that the said Commissary Gen- 
eral be & He is hereby impowered & directed, to procure by 
Hire or Purchase a small Vessel not exceeding thirty Tons & 
a Whale Boat, & to equip them for the purpose of cruising 
along the Eastern Coasts of the State in defence of the same, 
and to collect the Fire Arms & any other Property of the 
Commonwealth, from such Person or Persons in the County 
of Cumberland as may be in possession of the same, & dispose 
thereof with the Barrack at Falmouth for the most that can 
be obtain'd, & appropriate the proceeds to the equipment of 
the said Vessel & Boat — 

And it is further Resolved that his Excellency the Gover- 
nor be requested to commission some suitable Person to com- 
mand the said Vessel & Boat, & to order that the same be 
properly mann'd for so long a time as in his judgment the 
public good may require. 

And it is further Resolved that the Commissary General 
be & he hereby is directed to supply the officers & Men be- 
longing to the said Vessel & Boat, v/ith the same Rations as 
the Officers & Men of the Sloop Winthrop are entitled to 
receive. — 

And it is further Resolved that there be allowed & paid to 
the said officers <S: men such Wages for their Services as the 
Governor with advice of Council shall order & direct, not 
exceeding the Rate, at which officers & Men are paid on board 
the Sloop Winthrop 

And Whereas by a Resolve passed the 12"" of November 
1782 it is, among other things, directed ''that there be paid 
out of the Public Treasury" to the Committee authorized & 
directed to make Sale of the Ship Tartar, the sum of fifteen 
Hundred pounds, out of the money arising from the Sale of 
the said ''Ship Tartar" to enable them to procure a suitable 
Vessel to guard the Coast, & Whereas the said Committee 
have requested a Discharge from their said appointment, 



208 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Therefore Kesolved, that so much and such part of the said 
Resolve of November the 12'" 1782 as directs the said Com- 
mittee to purchase the said Vessel, & also so much & such 
other part of the said Resolve as empowers the said Committee 
to receive the said fifteen Hundred pounds, be & the same 
hereby are repealed & rendered null & void. And it is fur- 
ther Resolved that the said Fifteen Hundred pounds be paid 
to Richard Devens Esq"" Commissary General who is hereby 
directed to appropriate so much of the same, as may be neces- 
sary, to the refitting the sloop Winthrop & the Purchase and 
Equipment of the aforementioned Vessel & Boat ; the Residue 
to be applied, as Occasion may require, to the purchasing & 
transporting Provisions Stores or other Necessaries for the 
Supply of the aforementioned Five Hundred Men — 

Provided Nevertheless, that in Case any Intelligence or 
Event shall happen in the Recess of the General Court, which 
in the Judgment of the Governor & Council, shall render the 
foregoing Provision for the Defence of the Eastern Parts of 
this Common Wealth unnecessary, the Governor be, and he 
is hereby empowered & requested to suspend the carrying the 
aforesaid Resolves into Execution. 



Appointment Richard Codman et als Appraisers 
Waldo Estate. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To Richard Codman and Ephraim Jones Esq" and Mr. 
Benjamin Titcomb Gentleman all of Falmouth in the County 
of Cumberland, and sufficient Freeholders Greeting 

The General Court of said Commonwealth having by their 
Resolve of the fourth of February last impowered us the Sub- 
scribers, a Committee for selling Absentees Estates in said 
Countv of Cumberland, to cause such parts or parcels of the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 209 

Estate of Francis Waldo late of Falmouth in said County 
Esq. an Absentee as should by us be judged most advantageous 
to said Commonwealth to be appraised by three good and suffi- 
cient Freeholders on Oath as should be sufficient to satisfy 
the demands of the Creditors Estate — 

We do hereby nominate and appoint you to apprize upon 
Oath the following Lots of Land late belonging to the said 
Francis Waldo viz 

Two thirds of three fifths of a Lot of Land in said Fal- 
mouth late the Homestead of Brigadier Samuel Waldo De- 
ceased bounded on Middle Street and beginning at the South- 
easterly Corner of Enoch Freeman Esq" Lot — 

A Lot or Piece of Land at Stroutwater containing about an 
Acre an three quarters of an Acre lately improv'd by Mr 
George Tate 

Also 

A Small Lot which said Waldo bought of M*" Timothy 
Cutler situated in King Street & containing four hundred 
square feet — 

Together with such other Land belonging to said Waldo 
Estate as shall be shewn to you by us — And make return of 
3'our doings to us, as soon as may be, that we may be able to 
carry into Execution the Resolve aforesaid — 

Dated at Falmouth aforesaid the Nine-tcenth day of jMarch 
A. D. 1783 

N. B. The amount of the Debts is £254 .. 17 .. 8 

John Lewis, Sam^ Small, Sam' Freeman 
Cumberland Ss, March lO'" 1783 — 

The above named Bichard Codman Ephraim Jones and 
Benjamin Titcomb, appeared and made oath that in per- 
forming the Service assigned them by the foregoing Com- 
mission, they would act faithfully & impartially according 
to their best Skill & Judgment 

Coram John Lewis Just' Paces 



15 



210 DOCUMEXTAEY HISTORY 

Cumberland Ss Falmouth March 27, 1783 

We the Subscribers being appointed by the foregoing Com- 
mission to appraise several pieces of Land therein mentioned, 
have agreeably thereto upon oath appraised the same as fol- 
lows viz 

The two thirds of three fifth of the Home Stead of the late 
Brigadier Samuel Waldo being the Lot of Land first men- 
tioned — at the Sum of Two hundred and eight pounds law- 
ful money. 

The Lot of Land at Stroutwater being the second descri])ed 
piece of Land containing about one Acre & three quarters of 
an Acre, at the Sum of Seventy five Pounds — 

The small Lot in King street, being the third mentioned 
Lot in said Commission Containing about four hundred 
square feet at the Sum of Thirty Pounds — 

Witness our hands 

Richard Codman, Eph™ Jones, Benj" Titcomb 



Certificate in Favor John Bane. 

Number four March 19'*' 1783 
These may Certifie to whom it may Concern that the sub- 
scriber was Appointed Commanding Officer of a party Con- 
tinantil and Militia Troops at Frenchmans Bay By Order 
of Col° John Allan in October 1780 and am Well knowing 
that the following articles viz* thirty Hundred & twenty two 
pounds of Beef Sixty Seven & 2^/0 Bushel of Corn Seventy 
five & ^2 Bushels Potatoes one Bu^ pease ten pounds of fish 
was advanc*^ By M"" John Bane. Appointed Acting Com- 
missary and other Inhabitants of Frenchman's bay for the 
use of Said Troops under my Command and that M"" Bane 
Received my orders for the Dellivery of the Greater part of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 211 

the said Provision to Said Troops, all which orders from my- 
self and other Commanding officers for the time being. T 
have No Doubt Was Burned in M"" Beans house the winter 
after which puts it out of M"" Banes Power to Settle the 

matter as he other wise would Do 

A. V. Campbell 

CoP Militia 

M"" Bane informs me that the Common Wealth has paid 

him for 1600 "» Beef and 83 Bu" Corn Computing Corn and 

Potatoes Together 

AC. 



Memorial and Petition John Hovey. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To the Hon' the Senate & House of Representatives in Gen- 
eral Court Assembled — 
the Memorial and Petition of John Hovey of Arundel in 
y® County of York, Humbly Sheweth that your memorial^' 
on y^ 22^ Day of June Last, Lost a Pocket Hook with Several 
Notes or Government Securities to the Valine of Ninety-two 
Pound thirteen Shillings which Pocket Book I have never 
been able to obtain since. — Wherefore your Petitioner Prays 
that he may be allow'' the Consilidated Vallue of said Notes 
as your Petitioner Can Produce the minutes of the Several 
Sums and Dates of said Notes, and Your Petitioner as in 

Duty bound shall Ever Pray. — 

John Hovey 

The Deposition or Representation of John Hovey of Arun- 
del in y^ County of York, Testitieth and Saith that in y^ 
Month of June Last he y^ Deponent was Possessed of a num- 
ber of State Notes of y^ following Denomination^ Viz one of 



212 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

10£ one years Interest Paid Dated Jan^' first 1777 one Do 
Jan'y 2'^ 1777 10£ one Do Jany 2'^ 1777 10£ Jany 15*'^ one 
Do of 10£ four pound ten Shillings Indors"* on y® back one 
Do December 1, 1777 of 24£ 13/ Payable to John Hovey 
one Do Jany y^ W"" 1778 10£ one Do Jany y" 1 1777 10£, 
one Do Jany 1^^ 1777 of 12£ 10/ Payable to Charles HnfF. 
All Which Notes he Lost With his Pocket Book on y" 22"* 
Day of said Month and hath Never found neither his Pocket- 
book nor his notes. The Manner in which s** Notes were 
Lost is as follow^ Viz on y^ 22^ of June Last y^ Deponant 
was Coming to Boston by Water they were Pursued by an 
Enemy & out of hopes of Escapeing in the A'^essel Bundeled 
up their Cloathing & Beading in a hurry & threw them into 
their Boat & Endeavor*' to make their Escape in her & y^ De- 
ponent Puting his Pocket in a bundle Loosely not haveing 
time to Secure his things well, and y*' Enemy Pursuing them 
in y^ Boat brought them to and ordered y^ Deponent on board 
to take in his things which he Did and Missing his Pocket 
Book Made Enquiry of his own People whither they had seen 
it, and y® man that handed in the bundle said that it Dropt 
out & fell in y^ Boat and he took it up and Laid it upon the 
Chain-wale of y'' Brig and thought that I had taken it. 
Upon Which I made it known to y® Master of y*" Brig not 
knowing but some of his People might have taken it and he 
was so kind as to make Diligent Enquiry of all his hands 
Whither any of them had got it or had seen it Which they 
said they had not LTpon Which your Deponent Concluded 

that it fell overboard. 

Jn° Hovey 
Boston March y" 24''^ 1783 

the above Named John Hovey Personaly appeared and 
made oath to the truth of y^ above Representation by him 
Subscribed Before me 

Jabez Fisher Jus* Peace 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 213 

The Governor to General Court. 

Gentlemen of the Senate & Gentlemen of the House of 

Representatives 
Upon the arival of the armed Sloop Winthrop in this Port 
from her Cruize, I gave early directions to the Commissary 
General to fit as Quick as possible the said Sloop for the Sea, 
that she might be employed for the protection of the Eastern 
Coast; By a Letter I have this day received from the Com- 
missary General, which I have directed the Secretary to lay 
before you, I find the Conmiissary is not able to Compleat 
the Business without further means, I am therefore under 
the necesity of Requesting the attention of the General Court 
to the situation of the Sloop, as with their aid the Sloop may 
be at Sea in a Very few Days, — 

John Hancock 
Council Chamber Boston jNfarch 24'^ 1783 
In Senate March 24'M783 

Read & sent down 

S Adams Presid^ 



Letter Enclosed. 

His Excellency John Hancock Esq"" Governor & Commander 
in Chief of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

]\Iay it please y"" Excellency 

Being sensible of the Importance of the Sloop Winthrop 
being ready for the protection of the Eastern Coast as soon 
as possible, I have lost no time since I receiv'd your Ex- 
cellency's order of the 14"* Instant, and she is now in such 
forwardness that she may be ready for sea in two or three 
days, to proceed so far as I have ; I have borrow'd money and 
contracted debts for Tmniediate pay. Supposing that by the 



214 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Resolve of Octob"" 21^' 1782 I should receive the money 
brought by Cap' Little but Cap*^ Little informs me the money 
is Otherwise disposed off: I must therefore beg your Excel- 
lency to relieve me in some Other way or it will be Impossible 
for me to compleat the business. 

I am y"" Excellencys most Obedient Hum'® Serv^ 

Rich'' Devens Com'' Gen 



Receipts and Reports in re Absentees' Estates. 

To the Honorable Senate and the Honorable House of Rep- 
resentatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts — 

May it please your Honors 

In Pursuance of your Honors Resolve of the fourth of 
February last for satisfying the demands of the Creditors of 
Francis Waldo an absentee out of his Real Estate. We the 
Committee for selling absentees Estates in the County of 
Cumberland, have caused Two Lots or Parsels of said Waldo^ 
Real Estate, which, after consideration & enquiry, we judged 
most advantageous to the Commonwealth, to be appraized by 
three good and sufficient Freeholders on Oath viz A Lot of 
Land on Falmouth Neck in said County being two thirds of 
three fifths of the Homestead of the late Brigadier Samuel 
Waldo Deceased which was appraized at £208 — and a Lot 
of Land at a place called Stroutwater in said Falmouth ap- 
praized at £75 as by the Return of said Appraisers accom- 
panying this Report will appear 

The Demand of one of the Creditors viz Thomas Child 
Esq. was £197. .9.. — The amount of the other Demands 
was £57. .8. .8. as from a Certificate of the Hon*"' William 
Gorham Esq'", Judge of Probate of Wills &c for said County 
of Cumberland appeared — 

Your Committee judged it would be injurious to the Com- 
monwealth to divide the last mentioned Lot, as the Sum it 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 215 

was appraised at, is as much, in all probability, as it would 
ever fetch — We have therefore given the Creditors whose 
Demands amounted to £57.. 8. .8 as above mentioned, a Deed 
of the whole, and received of them security for the Ballance 
being £17.11.4 — We have likewise conveyed to M"" Child, 
the whole of the Lot first mentioned — as the value of it ac- 
cording to said appraizement, was so near the Sum due to 
him, and have taken his security to pay the Ballance being 
£10. .11,. — on demand for which Ballances your Com- 
mittee will be accountable 

We hope our doings will meet with your Honors Appro- 
bation — and that in confirmation of the Sales above men- 
tioned, your Honors will l)e pleased to accept of this Report — 
which with all due deference & respect is humbly submitted by 

Your Honors most obedient hum' Servants 

John Lewis Sam' Small Sam' Freeman 

The Receipts of the Creditors in satisfaction of their De- 
mands upon the Estate above mentioned, accompany this 
Receipt — 
Falmouth March 28 1783 

Falmouth March 28 1783 
Received of the Commonwealth of ^Massachusetts, by Deed 
from the Committee for selling Absentees Estates in the 
County of Cumberland, a Lf)t of Land in said Falmouth being 
two thirds of three fifths of the Homestead of the late Briga- 
dier Samuel Waldo Deceased in full satisfaction of all my 
Demands upon the Estate of Francis Waldo an Absentee as 
already settled with the Judge of Probate of Wills &c for 
the County aforesaid. — Said Demands being One hundred 
& ninety seven Pounds nine shillings Tho Child 

Falmouth March 28. 1783 
Received of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts by Deed 
from the Committee for selling Absentees Estates in the 



216 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

County of Cumberland, A Lot of Land, at a place called 
Stroudwater in said Falmouth, containing One Acre and 
three quarters of an acre, late belonging to the Estate of 
Francis Waldo Esq. an Absentee, in full satisfaction of our- 
respective Demands upon said Estate — ■ Being the Sums 
severally set against our names. viz 

Enoch Freeman ] Twenty five Pounds ten shillings & 
eight pence 

Benj'^ Bayley ] Twelve Pounds ten shillings and six pence 

Tho^ Browne ] Ten Pounds 

Jabez Jones ] Nine Pounds seven shillings & six pence 



Petition Jorf Bean et al, Little Falls. 

The Ilon'"'^ Sennate & house of Representatives in General 
Court Assembled 
The Petition of the Plantation of Little falls Humbly 
Sheweth that we are Cappitally agrieved in our apportion of 
the public taxes assigned us this three Years past from time 
to time, The Ground of our Confidence in this Ascertion, is 
founded on the following Particulars. As we are not es- 
tablish'd by Law in any Particular Boundaries, nor Ascer- 
tained what Particular Courses & Distances Comprehends 
any Certain Body, or tract of Lands, the three Adjacent 
towns to us have taken the Advantage of the Same and Renew'' 
their Bounds about the time of the Last General Valuations 
taking place, and have taken off near one third part of the 
polls and estates that we Included in our Valuation of which 
we stand Charg'd with and taxed for, of which the said Ad- 
jacents proceed to Recover taxes of each Particular so taken. 
Another Particular Instance May Serve to Remove all Doubts 
of this ascertion. The town of Cox Hall (adjacent to us) 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 217 

have upwards of one hundred Rateable Polls, when we have 
but fifty two and full one third more extensive in Lands than 
we are, and are Assess** but the Same with us, even to a 
Penny, Many Simeler Instances might be Innumerated, but 
this may Suffise to Discover an absolute uneaquality, as well 
as establish our Confidence — 

Your Petitioners further Sheweth that we stand fined for 
the Delinquency of a three Year Soldier when at the Same 
time (Admitting our valuation to be Eaqual) our Apportion 
According to the Schedule for that purpose Stands but two 
thirds of the Same, this Instance though Small, in effect, 
serves to augment our Distresses, and Whereas our Circum- 
stances are such Considerable to bear up under the burden, 
to Particularize the many Instances would be Impractable, 
therefore we willingly Submit our Cause to the Consideration 
of the Hon*''^ Court Kelying on the Virtue & Righteousness 
of the event which we in duty bound shall ever pray — 

In behalf of the Plantation of Littlefalls 

Plantation of Littlefalls April 7'*^ 17S3 

Jon'' Bean I 

Edward Smith \ Committee 



John Allan to Governor. 

Sir 

I Do myself the Honour of xicquanting your Excellency of 
my Arrival in this Town last Evening— The Present Peace- 
able State of the Indian Eastern Department ; The Publick 
business I have to Settle, with an Indisposition, I have been 
for sometime Afflicted with, I flatter myself will so far Justi- 
fy me in Coming at this time as not to meet with your Excel- 
lencys Disapprobation — 

The Hurry of business which I presume, your Excellency 
is daily Troubled with, Occations the Liberty I now take in 



218 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Writing. Shall be ready to Give my attendenee & obey, at 

any time your Excellency thinks Proper to Call for me, or 

may otherways Order 

I have the Honour to Be with the most Profound Respect 

Your Excellencys Most Ob* & most Hb' Serv* 

J. Allan 
Boston April 12'^ 1783. 

Superscribed : His Excellency John Hancock Esq"" Gov"" 

in & Over the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 



John Allan to Governor. 

Sir 

Necessity compells me to trouble your Excellency at this 
Juncture — 

My whole time during my continuing in the Service has 
been devoted to the Business consiquently destitute of every 
Other mean of Support then what arises from any Public 
Imploy, Necessity has obliged me to come here at this time — 
I have a Famely in the Wilderness with the Indians, who are 
& has been for sometime in the Greatest want for the Common 
Support of Life — having Not Received from the Public two 
Months Rations since last Aug* I am Unacquainted in these 
parts, destitute of Money or Friends — Must therefore Im- 
plore the favour that if there is any power Invested in your 
Excellency to Supply the Department — you woud so far In- 
dulge me as to order some Little provisions — 

I presume your Excellency is Informd by the Commis'' 
at Machias of the State of the Stores, woud Only Observe 
that there has been but Sixteen Barrils of Beef Sent for the 
Use of the Whole Business since last Aug* — the OjfRcers who 
have been duly faithfull in their Attention, has greatly 
suffered — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 219 

The Happy & Important I^Tews of Peace which has Ar- 
rived will no (loiipt direct your Excellency to give such 
further directions, as may be Most proper for the Public 
Service at the Post of Machias 

I have the Honour to Be with Great Respect Your Excel- 
lency, Most Obd' & most Hble Sv' 

J Allan 
Boston April 16^'' 1783 
His Excellency John Hancock Esq*" 



John Allan to Governor. 

Sir 

I have Honour of laying before your Excellency and the 
Hon*"® Council, a State of the persons, now in the service of 
the Indian Eastern Department, having discharged Every 
other person, as it Appeared needless, and an Unnecessary 
Expence to keep any more then what is in the Return. 

I have allso laid before your Excellency and the Hon*"'^ 
Council, as Accurate a State of the provisions as possible, 
have put down to the full the Quantity of Beef last sent 
down; which have been Deliv*^ the Troops — By this may be 
seen the situation of the Department, it will lye with your 
Excellency, what further may be done in respect of military 
matters. In the Affairs of the Indians I shall have a further 
Occation of the men, in Order to settle some Assential matters 
with them — 

I woud Humbly request, that I may receive an Order on 
the Commissi for some supplys, the difficulty & distress, I 
have Already Communicated to your Excellency, with the 
addition of the want for the Publick use — Urges me in being 
so Anxious & Troublesome — 



220 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

I wond take the Liberty further to request. That Your Ex- 
cellency woud not Grant any Order for supplys &c for the 
use of the Depart' without my having an Opp"" for Examina- 
tion, as I find Considerable sums have been Advanced unbe- 
known to me — 

By the meeting of the Gen' Court will have Every matter 
of the Depart' properly Arranged for Examination. 

I Submit the whole to you Excellency & the Hon^"' Councils 
Pleasure 

With the Greatest respect y"" Excellencys Most Hble Serv* 

J Allan 
Boston April 17'^ 1Y83 
His Excellency John Hancock Esq. 



John Allan to Governor. 

May it please Your Excellency 

Upon Consulting the Commissary (Agreeable to your De- 
sire) Find that there Can be procured in a short time, with 
what at present Can be spared 2000 w' Flower Fifeteen Bar- 
rells and Two Barrells Pork, which I would pray an Order 
for — 

With Eespect, Your Excellencys Most Hble Sv' 

J Allan 
Boston April 17'*" 1783 
His Excellency John Hancock Esq*" 

List of Persons in the Indian Eastern Department 
Col° John Allan 

Capt° John Preble — Absent from the Department since 
23'-'' Aug' Last — 

Lieu' Fred*" Delesdernier 
Lieu' William Albee 
Jos B. Phillips Assistant 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 221 

Jonath" Ingersoll. 

Luther Homer 

Josiah Flagg Courier 

Sam^ Runnels Sirg'^ 

Doctor Edwards 

S Davis Briant 

John Briant 

Jonath" Niles 

John Bohanon 

John Camblenson 

By Calculations there is due since the I'" Ap' 1TS2 to the 

15'^ Apl 1783 — being 380 days \ 7976 Rations 

Rec'' in July last 1500 Rations | 

D°Jan^inBeef 900 ( 2400 



due 5576 Rations 

J Allan 

Advice of Governor Respecting John Alhni. 

In Council April 18'^^ 1783 
Advised — that the Commissary General be directed to de- 
liver Col" John Allen for the Use of. the Indian Eastern De- 
partment ten Barrels of Flour fifteen Barrels of Beef and two 
Barrels of Pork — the said Comissary to charge the same to 
the Account of the United States — 

Attest John Avery Sec^' 
Superscribed: His Excellency John Hancock Esq Gov"" 
of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

John Allan to Governor. 

May it please Your Excellency 

The Accounts which I mentioned to be settled, when I 
Had the Honour of being before the Hon''''' Council; were 



222 DOCUISIENTAEY HISTORY 

those which immediately Came thro my Own hands — As 
the War is Bro* to a Conclusion a Generell Settlement may 
be necessary — The Commissary which has acted under this 
Commonwealth, has received His Stores By different ways 
tho under my direction as Commanding Officer. I imagine 
he Views himself not Answerable to me; for Settlement 

As I wish & it is my Design to my utmost Endeavours to 
give Satisfaction to Government respecting their Property 
Expended, I Woud humbly request — for fear of a refusal 
1 should I demand | & that no time should be lost — to have 
an order from your Excellency to Call upon every person 
who have Conceivd for a settlement. With Every Posible 
Respect Your Excellency Most Hble Sv"^ 

J. Allan. 
Boston April 25*'' 1783 



Petitio7i of Daniel Small et als. 

To the Honorable Senate and the Honorable House of Repre- 
sentatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, in 
General Court assembled — 

The Subscribers Settlers upon a Tract of Land Situated 
between the Rivers of Great Ossipee & Little Ossipee, in the 
County of York — humbly shew 

That some Years before the War, the Heirs of Daniel Small, 
who supposed they had a just Title to a considerable part of 
said Tract of Land, laid out a Township thereupon adjoining 
to Saco River — That your Petitioners have at different times 
since settled within the bounds of said Township and made 
considerable Improvements therein — That from the best In- 
formation they have since obtained, they find the said Tract 
of Land belongs to this Commonwealth — But the same is 
now claimed by the Heirs of Samuel Small, who have lately 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 223 

commenced Actions against some of jour Petitioners, and 
from what yonr Petitioners can learn, they are determined if 
possible to drive them from their Inheritances, — deprive 
them of the fruits of their lalwur and industry, and bring 
Poverty and Distress upon them and their Children — 

Thus situated, Your Petitioners humbly beg leave to look 
up to your Honors for protection — From your Honors alone 
they expect that Relief which they humbly apprehend they 
are justly intitled to — and they hope the Government will 
interfere in their behalf — 

They judge they can make it appear to the satisfaction of 
every impartial Person that the Interrupters of their Peace 
have no right to the Land in question — but that the Fee 
thereof properly and justly belongs to the Commonwealth — 
and they flatter themselves your Honors will not disturb them 
in their possessions, but for a reasonable consideration will 
quiet them therein, and suffer them to enjoy the same in 
tranquility 

Your Petitioners apprehend their conduct in entring upon 
these Lands will not be considered as an Oifence against the 
Government Although some of your Petitioners, when they 
first settled on said Land might judge them to belong to the 
Government, they had reason to hope they could make satis- 
faction for the same 

They have endured many hardships in subduing thcAVildcr- 
ness — they have with the sweat of their Brows and the hard 
labour of their hands — made it capable of producing the 
Bread which now supports them — and in this they humbly 
think they have in some degree promoted the Public Inter- 
est — Some of your Petitioners have served three Years in 
the War which through the favour of Heaven is brought to a 
happy close — and they have the vanity to think they shall 
yet be useful subjects to the Commonwealth — 



224 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Tlicy however ask for nothing beyond the bounds of Reason 
and Justice — They are willing to pay the Government for 
their Lands on such Terms as (every circumstance con- 
sidered) shall be judged just and equitable — But they can- 
not bear the thoughts of having their possessions wrested from 
them by those whose Claims are not supported by Law or 
Justice — 

Your Petitioners therefore humbly pray that your Honors 
would take such measures to support the Claims of Govern- 
ment, to the s*^ Tract of Land, and pass such order for quiet- 
ing Your Petitioners in their possessions thereon — as in 
your Wisdom, Justice and Goodness your Honors shall judge 
proper 

And as in duty bound will ever pray — 
May, 1783 

Ezra Davis, 

John McArthur, 

James Miller Jun"" 

David Miller, 

Eliakim Tarbox, 

Francis Small, 

Daniel Dyer, 

Enoch Strout, 



Daniel Small, 
Timothy Small, 
Jacob Small, 
Ebenezer Sawyer, 
Joseph Sawyer, 
James Small, 
Reuben Small, 
Joshua Sawyer, 



Richard Strout, 
Peter Sawyer, 
John Weeman, 
James Rill, 
Ezekiel Rich, 
Isaac Small, 
Joseph Stevens. 



Nathaniel Sawyer, Peter Biter, 



Petition Selectmen of Nervcastle. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts To the Honorable Senate 
and the Honorable House of Representatives in General 
Court Assembled at Boston — 
May it please your Honors 

The Petition of the Selectmen of Newcastle in the County 
of Lincoln in behalf of said Town humbly Sheweth, That the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 225 

Town of New Castle are under peculiar necessity at present 
of imploring relief from your Honors: That the Wood and 
Lumber Trade of our Rivers before the commencement of the 
War were the chief means of bringing any money into the 
place, That the War at first brought great embarrasments 
upon this Trade, and reduced us to very Low circumstances ; 
Yet being sperited in the Cause of our Cuntery, we always 
paid our Taxes and Turned out our men when there was a 
draft made upon us till the time when our Enemies took Post 
at Penobscut River; since which time we have severly suf- 
fered from the enerouchments of these our Hostile neigh- 
bours; who beside taking all our Lumber Vessels which be- 
longed to the Town and almost intirely suppressing our 
Trade; insesantly infested our Rivers with their Armed 
Boats and preyed on every speacies of our navigation, from 
the Lumber vessel, to the smallest Cannoe that floats on the 
Tide ; thus were we Deprived of the Fishing in and about the 
mouths of our Rivers, which heretofore was a great means of 
support to numbers of People, And altho our attention has 
since been more turned to agriculture, yet from the barreness 
of the Soil and the sever droughts which have been in this 
part of the Country for a numlx^r of years past, our ])rotluce 
have never been equal to the consumption of the People — 
That this deffecency could be made up only by importation 
by water which has been attended with such a risque that the 
prices have been vastly enhanced. That the pressing neces- 
sities of the People, the painful sense of hunger, have obliged 
them to part with every vendable article of Property at the 
buyers price in order to procure Bread for their Famillies, 
giving some times a thousand of Bords for a Bushel of Corn 
and a Cow for four Bushils, and so in proportion for other 
Articles which our necessity compelled us to purches; thus 
have we draged along the Last three years till almost worn 
out and discouraged; and now should your Hon'' deal so 

16 



226 BOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

severly with us, as to require of us the Taxes laid on us when 
we were in a State but little better then imprisonment (which 
we hope and trust you will not) it would plunge us into such 
wreachcd circumstances that it would be out of our power ever 
to recover — 

Your Petitioners would therefore humbly recommend the 
Town of Newcastle, under it present circumstances ; to your 
Honors most wise and serious consideration, and pray your 
Honors to grant us that relief, which our necessity compells 
us to aske, Viz* a remittance of the Taxes laid on us by Gov- 
ernment for the Last three years or other ways as your Honors 
see fit — and your Petitioners as in Duty bound shall ever 
pray 

Sam' Kennedy \ Selectmen 

James Little > of 

Benjamin Woodbridge / New Castle 

New Castle May yMO''' 1783 



Return of Votes. 

Commonwealth of ]\Lassachusetts 

The Governor & Council upon Examination of the Returns 
of the several Towns in this Commonwealth found the Votes 
for Counsellors and Senators in the several Counties of said 
Commonwealth to stand as follows Viz* — 

York 
Number of Voters 177 

make a choice 89 

Hon'ble Benjamin Chadbourn 101 I 

Nathaniel Wells Esq"" 120 ( 

Chosen 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 227 

Cumberland 



]^nml)cr of Voters 




297 




make a choice 




149 




Hon. John Lewis Esq"" 




155 


Chosen 


Lincoln 








Number of Voters 




155 




make a Choice 




78 




Ilon'''^ William Lithgow jun*" 




117 


Chosen 


In Council May 12'" 1783 








Attest 


John 


Avery 


Scc'^ 



Petition Torvn of Waldohorough. 

To the Honourable the Senate & House of Representatives in 
General Court assembled — 
The Petition of the Town of Waldohorough in the C^ulnty 
of Lincoln Hombly Sheweth, That by Reason of the ]>atc war, 
this town has been Reduced to Great Distress, and tlio now by 
the Blesing of Providence Peace be Restored into us : yet we 
shall Sorely feele the Effects of the War — By our Enemies 
taking Post at Penobscut and Continually infesting this Coast 
with their Privateers & small Boatts — our Limiber vV fishing 
Trade in which alone we had any Concern — Has been ahnost 
totally Suppressed, almost Every Vesel we owned in the J)e- 
gining of the war, fell into their hands: & tho from time to 
time Vesels have hcvu purchased Money borrow'' for tliis pur- 
pose, whereby a debt has been Contracted as the Inhabitants 
Could not possebly subsist without Some to Convey their 
lumber to Market, yet of this we have been Stript of our 
Lumber & fish on Board, or the Returns of it in Provision for 
the Support of our families — So that by a Late Computation 
our Losses by w^ater amounts to £31 00 Besides the Arms Am- 
munition Provisions and Apparels that have been taken by 



228 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

Plundering Refugees, The Season for a Number of years 

Past have been Verry unfavourable, and the Drought so 

severe that the Peoples Attention has been more than Ever to 

Coltivate their farms; yet they have not been able to Raise 

above half enough of Bread for their Consumption, and the 

resque of Importation being so Great, & many Dispos'd to 

take advantage of the necessities of others, there by the Price 

of the Necessities of Life has been raised So high that People 

were in the Greatest Difficultys & oblig*^ to part with Evry 

Commodity they had to Dispose at the Buyers Price, So 

that Corn has been sold for four Dollars and more and other 

articles in Proportion — Our hay has also been Cut of with 

the Drought for several years So that our Stoks ar Greatly 

Diminished by Avhat they were at the Begining of the War, 

& at Present there is Such a Scarcity of Bread that hardly all 

the Lumber we have on hand C^an procure us bread for the 

Season, A Cord of wood not fetching above half a Bushel 

Corn — Besides the Debt Contracted by Individuals thro the 

occasions by the war. The most part of the State Taxes, for 

some years have not been Discharged, & the Town is utterly 

unable to Discharg the Same, & if your Honours should now 

exact from us these Taxes it would utterly Ruin the Town 

and Give Such a Ch'ush to the town, as it Could not for many 

years Recover of & Put it out of its Power for the future to 

pay Such a Proportion of Taxes for Defraying the Expences 

of Government as otherwise it might, we would therefore beg 

your Honours would take our Distressing Situation under 

your Serious Consideration and Discharge us of these Taxes 

that were Due before Peace was made & your Petitioners as 

in Duty bound Shall Ever Pray — 

Philip M : Ulmer \ o i ^ x 

^ Selectmen of 

Joshuah Howerd /__.--, . 

^ , ^ , . \ vValdo borough 

J acob Ludwig / 

Waldoborough May: 13: 1783 



OF THE STATE OF ^lAIXE 229 

Memorial Grantees Townships No. One to Six. 

To the Honorable Senate and the Honorable House of Repre- 
sentatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts — in 
General Court Assembled — 

The Memorial of the Grantees of the Townships X" One — 
Four — Five — & Six lying to the Eastward of ^Mount Desert 
or Union Eiver in said Commonwealth by their Committees, 
the Subscribers thereof — 

Humbly sheweth 

That the said Townships were granted to your Memorial- 
ists by the Honorable General Court of the Province of ^[assa- 
chusetts Bay, now Commonwealth of ^fassachusetts, on the 
27^^ January A. D. 1764; upon this condition — viz — That 
your Memorialists should within a limited time, obtain a 
confirmation of said Grants from his Majesty the then King 
of Great Britain &c : The said General Court not having then 
authority to make an effectual Grant of any Land between 
the River Sagadahock and the Province of Xova Scotia 
(within which bounds the Townships aforesaid are included) 
until his Majesty should signify his approbation of the same 
— But thanks to an over-ruling Providence, it is, by a suc- 
cessful termination of the late War with Britain, become 
unnecessary to ajjply to I5ritains King to ratify the Acts and 
Doings of our General Assemblies — Your .Memorialists 
therefore, with heartfelt satisfaction turn their backs upon 
his Authority — and address your Honors as the rightful 
SovereigTi of the Commonwealth 

Your Memorialists now consider this provisional Clause of 
their Grants as nul — and of no force or effect, and doubt not 
your Honors will so determine it — and that therefore — ac- 
cording to the true intent and meaning of our Honorable 
Grantors the said Townships are the proper Right in Fee of 



230 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

your Memorialists — -subject only to the Terms of Settlement 
as expressed in said Grants, 

These Terms have in some Degree been complied with but 
the unwillingness of the said King to confirm the Grants has 
discouraged many of your Memorialists from settling their 
Rights. 

They have nevertheless had their Towns surveyed and part- 
ly laid out in Lots — In doing which as well as in Prosecu- 
tion of other measures for promoting their settlement — and 
their application to the s*^ King for his approbation of their 
Grants, they have been at great Expence — Your Memorial- 
ists therefore humbly pray — That your Honors would renew 
the Grant of said Townships —- and give them a further time 
to fulfil the Conditions of the same 

And your Petitioners as in duty bound will pray — 
Eben"" Thorndike, Committee for Township N° One 
Peter Woodbery, Committee for Township X" four 
Sam' Freeman, Committee for Township X" five 

John Armstrong, Committee for Township N" six 
Cape Elizabeth May 20, 1783 

At a Meeting of the Committees of the Townships N° 1 IST" 
4 & 5 & 6 at M""' Mary Parkers in Cape Elizabeth the 20 May 
1783 

Voted Cap* Eben Thorndike Chairman for N" 1 

Voted M"" Jn° Armstrong D° for :^° 6 

Voted Sam' Freeman Esq"" D° for K° 5 

Voted M-" Peter Woodbary D° for N° 4 

Voted the above Chairmen Sign the Petition for Confirma- 
tion of the above Towns in Behalf of the whole 

Attest George Deake Clerk Prob' 

In Senate June lO*'' 1783 

Pead & thereupon Order'd that this Memorial & paper ac- 
companying the same be Committed to the Committee of both 



OF THE STATE OF MAINI-: 231 

Houses appointed the 4'*' inst upon the Petition of Enoch 
Kartlett & ors. to consider the same and make report thereon 
Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 



Statement of Account. 

State of the Account of Joshua Stone Agent to the Estate 
of Tliomas Wyer late of Falmoutli in the (^ounty of Cumher- 
land Mariner — an Absentee 
Allowance for his Services including his time & 
Expences after a small Schooner belonging 

to said Estate £3.. 18 

Time k Expences of the Commissioners 3 .. 9 

Sundry Probate Fees 1 .. 6 ., 6 



£8.. 13.. 6 
Cumberland Ss Allowed by y^ Judge of Probate for said 
County May 26, 1783 and recorded by 

Sam' Freeman Reg 
Boston May 28^'' 1783 



Petition Joseph Bertheaume. 

To the Honorable The Senate and The House of Representa- 
tives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, in General 
Court assembled. 
The Petition of Juniper Bertheaume Recollect, Instructor 
of the Penobscot Tribe of Indians, Humbly Shew, 

That by a Resolve of the Honorable the General Court of 
this State dated November 11'*" 1780, Your Petitioner was 
granted, a Sum of five pounds new Emission per month, and 



232 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

two rations per day, for his service in establishing the said 
Tribe, until their further order. That in consequence of that 
resolve, your Petitioner was paid his monthly Salary and 
daily rations to the 1^' Jnly 1781. That last year Your Peti- 
tioner came down again in expectation of receiving his salary 
and rations^ then due agreeable to the above mentioned Re- 
solve, but rations were not to be had, and your Petitioner was 
paid the Estimated value with a note of this State, which 
your Petitioner was oblidged to sell at a very low rate, to 
provide part of a few necessary supplies. That deprived of 
sufficient means to maintain himself Your Petitioner has 
lived a most wretched life last winter, and undergone many 
and many hardships, too long and too painful to mention. 
That your Petitioner's wants being most urgent, your Peti- 
tioner is again come down, in hopes of receiving a more ef- 
fectual relief, and has accordingly the honor of Petitioning 
the Honorable the General Court, that the Honorable the Gen- 
eral Court may be pleased to issue proper orders, that Your 
Petitioner may be paid of his Salary and rations, or the same 
may be made good to him, in a manner adequate to his main- 
tenance, and agreeable to your Justice, and as your Petitioner 
is entirely destitute of means, order that a certain sum be 
appropriated to pay your Petitioner's board and lodging dur- 
ing his stay in Boston, and your Petitioner impressed with a 
sense of gratitude will for ever pray 

F"" Juniper Berthiaume Eecollect 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives June 4:^^ 1783 

On the Petition of Juniper Barthiaume Recolet, Instructor 
to the Penobscot Tribe of Indians 

Resolved that his Excelency the Govourner with the advice 
of Council be and he is hereby requested to Draw on the 
Treasurer in Favour of the Petitioner for seventy four 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 233 

Pounds six Shillings and four Pence which sum is the full 
of his Wages & Rations up to the first day of this instant 
June & forty eight shillings to Defray the said Juniper^ 
Board and that he be Discharged from any farther service at 
the expence of this State 

Sent up for concurrence 

Tristram Dalton Spk"" 
In Senate June 5'^ 1783 

Read & Concurred as taken into a New Draft 
Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 
In the House of Representatives June 5, 1783 
Read & concurred 

Tristram Dalton Spk"" 
Approv'd John Hancock 

Warrant drawn 7'*' June 1783 



Resolve on Foregoing. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives June 4^*" 1783 

On the Petition of Juniper Parthiaume Recollect In- 
structor to the Penobscot Tribe of Indians 

Resolved that there be allowed and paid out of the public 
Treasury of this (Commonwealth to Juniper Tiartliiaume 
Recollect Instructor to the Penobscot Tribe of Indians seventy 
four pounds six shillings & four pence which Sum shall be in' 
full for his wages and Rations to the first day of this instant 
June — also the Sum of Forty eight shillings to defrey the 
said Juniper's Board, the said Sums to be charged to the 
United States; and that he be discharged from any further 
service. — 



234 DOCUMKNTAEY HISTORY 

Petition John Bane. 

To the Honorable the Senate and House of Representatives 
of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General Court 
Assembled 
Humbly Shews John Bane of a place called No. 2 in the 
County of Lincoln yeoman, that in the months of October, 
x^ovember and December in the year 1780 he was acting 
Commissary for the Continental and State Troops Stationed 
at a place called, Frenchmans Bay, in the eastern parts of this 
Commonwealth — that in Compliance with the orders of Col. 
Alexander (.'ampbell and other Officers commanding the same 
Troops he procured and delivered out to them, the Provisions 
mentioned in the Schedule annexed, and hath received pay 
only for IGOO weight of Beef and 83 bushels of Corn and that 
in the beginning of the year 1781 the Dwelling House of your 
Petitioner was consumed by fire, whereby he lost all the orders 
and directions of the same officers for the delivery of the 
articles aforesaid, and is now unable to settle his accompts in 
the manner prescribed by the Laws of this Commonwealth — 
Wherefore he prays your Honors to take his Case into your 
wise consideration, and pass such a Resolve, as may enable 
your Petitioner to receive out of the Treasury of this Com- 
monwealth, what is justly due to him for the provisions afore- 
said — 

And as in duty bound will ever pray. 

John Bane 
June lO**' 1783 

Address of General Washington. 

Head Quarters Newburgh June 11'*" 1783 
Sir 

The great ol)jeet for which I had the honor to hold an ap- 
pointment in the Service of ray Country being accomplished, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 235 

I am now preparing to resign it into the hands of Congress, 
and to return to that domestic retirement, which, it is well 
known, I left with the greatest reluctance ; A Retirement for 
which I have never ceased to sigh through a long and painful 
absence, and in which (remote from the noise and trouble of 
the world) I meditate to pass the remainder of life in a state of 
undisturbed repose. — But before I carry this resolution into 
effect, I think it a duty encumbent on me to make this my 
last official communication ; to congratulate you on the glor- 
ious events which Heaven has been pleased to produce in our 
favor, to offer my sentiments respecting some important sub- 
jects which appear to me to be intimately connected with the 
tranquility of the United States, to take my leave of your 
Excellency as a public Character, and to give my final bless- 
ing to that Country in whose service I have spent the prime 
of my life, for whose sake I have consumed so many anxious 
days and watchful nights, and whose liappiness being ex- 
tremely dear to me, will always constitute no inconsiderable 
part of my own, 

Imi^ressed with the liveliest sensibility on this pleasing 
occasion, I will claim the indulgence of dilating the more 
copiously on the subject of our mutual felicitation. — When 
we consider the magnitude of the prize we contended for, the 
doubtfull nature of the contest, and the favorable manner in 
which it has terminated, we shall find the greatest possible 
reason for gratitude and rejoicing ; — this is a theme that will 
afford infinite delight to every benevolent and liberal mind, 
whether the event in contemplation be considered as the source 
of present enjoyment, or the parent of future happiness ; — 
and we shall have equal reason to felicitate ourselves on the 
lot which Providence has assigned us, whether we view it in 
a i^atural, a political, or a moral point of light. 

The Citizens of America, placed in the most enviable con- 
dition, as the sole Lords and Proprietors of a vast tract of 



2-56 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Conthieut, compreliending all the various soils and climate 
of the world, and abounding with all the necessaries and con- 
veniences of life, are now, by the late satisfactory pacification, 
acknowledged to be possessed of absolute Freedom and Inde- 
pendency ; — They are from this period to be considered as the 
Actors on a most conspicuous Theatre, which seems to be 
peculiarly designated by Providence, for the display of 
human greatness and felicity, — Here they are not only sur- 
rounded with every thing which can contribute to the com- 
pletion of private and domestic enjoyment, but Heaven has 
crowned all its other blessings, by giving a fairer opportunity 
for political happiness than any other Nation has ever been 
favored with. — Xothing can illustrate these observations 
more forcibly, than a recollection of the happy conjuncture 
of times and circumstances under which our Republic as- 
sumed its rank among the Xations. The foundation of our 
Empire was not laid in the gloomy age of Ignorance and 
Superstition, but at an Epocha when the rights of Mankind 
were better understood and more clearly defined, than at any 
former period,— the researches of the human mind after 
social happiness have been carried to a great extent, — the 
Treasures of knowledge, acquired by the labours of Philoso- 
phers, Sages, and Legislators, through a long succession of 
years, are laid open for our use, and their collected wisdom 
may be happily applied in the Establishment of our Forms of 
Government, — the free cultivation of Letters, — the unbounded 
extension of Commerce, — the progressive refinement of Man- 
ners — the growing liberality of sentiment, and above all the 
pure and benign light of Revelation, have had a meliorating 
influence on Mankind and increased the blessings of Society ; 
— At this auspicious period, the United States came into 
existence as a Xation, and if their Citizens should not be 
compleatly Free and Happy ; the fault will be entirely their 
own. 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 237 

Such is our situation, and snch are our prospects; — but 
notwithstanding tlie Cup of blessing is thus reached out to 
us, — notwithstanding happiness is ours, if we have a disposi- 
tion to seize the occasion and make it our own ; yet it appears 
to me, there is an option still left to the United States of 
America, — that it is in their choice, and depends upon their 
conduct, whether they will be respectable and prosperous or 
contemptable and niiseral)!e as a Xation; — This is the time 
of their political probation, — this is the moment when the 
eyes of the whole World are turned upon them, — this is the 
moment to establish or ruin their National Character for- 
ever, — this is the favorable moment to give such a tone to our 
Federal Government as will enable it to answer the ends of 
its institution, — or this may be the ill-fated moment for re- 
laxing the powers of the Union, annihilating the cement of 
the Confederation, and exposing us to become the sport of 
European politicks, which may play one State against another 
to prevent their growing importance, and to serve their own 
interested purposes ; — For according to the System of Policy 
the States shall adopt at this moment, they will stand or fall, 
and by their confirmation or lapse, it is yet to be decided, 
whether the Revolution must ultimately be considered as a 
blessing or a Curse — a blessing or a Curse, not to the present 
age alone, for with our fate will the destiny of unborn mil- 
lions be involved. 

With this conviction of the importance of the present Crisis, 
silence in me would be a crime, — I will therefore speak to 
your Excellency the language of freedom and of sincerity 
without disguise; — I am aware however, that those who differ 
from me in political sentiment may perhaps remark, I am 
stepping out of the proper line of my duty, and they may pos- 
sibly ascribe to arrogance or ostentation, what I know is alone 
the result of the purest intention, — but the rectitude of my 
own heart, which disdains such unworthy motives, — the part 



238 DOCUMENTARY TTISTOKY 

I have hitherto acted in life, — the determination I have 
formed of not taking any share in public business hereafter, — 
the ardent desire I feel and shall continue to manifest, of 
quietly enjoying in private life, after all the toils of War, 
the benefits of a wise and liberal Government, will, I flatter 
myself sooner or later, convince my Countrymen, that I could 
have no sinister views in delivering with so little reserve, the 
opinions contained in this address. — 

There are four things, which I humbly conceive are essen- 
tial to the well being, I may even venture to say, to the exist- 
ence of the United States, as an Independent Power — 

l*"*^ An indissoluble Union of the States under one Federal 
Head. 

2*"^ A Sacred regard to public Justice. 

'^diy -pj^g, adoption of a proper Peace Establishment, and 

^thiy -pj^g prevalence of that pacific and friendly disposition 
among the People of the United States, which will induce 
them to forgit their local prejudices and politics, to make 
those mutual concessions which are requisite to the general 
prosperity, and in some instances, to sacrifice their individual 
advantages to the interest of the Community. — 

These are the Pillars on which the glorious Fabrick of our 
Independency and National Character mvist be supported — 
Liberty is the Basis, — and whoever should dare to sap the 
foundation or overturn the Structure, under whatever specious 
pretexts he may attempt it, will merit the bitterest execration, 
and the severest punishment which can be inflicted by his 
injured Country. 

On the three first Articles I will make a few observations, 
leaving the last to the good sense and serious consideration of 
those immediately concerned. 

Under the first head, altho it may not be necessary or 
proper for me in this place to enter into a particular dis- 
quisition of the principles of the Union, and to take up the 



OF THE STATE OF T^rAIXE 239 

great Question which has been frequently agitated, whether it 
be expedient and requisite for the States to delegate a larger 
proportion of Power to Congress, or not, — Yet it will be a 
part of my duty and that of every true Patriot to assert with- 
out reserve, and to insist upon the following positions, — That 
unless the States will sutfer Congress to exercise those Pre- 
rogatives, they are undoubtedly invested with by the Constitu- 
tion, every thing must very rapidly tend to anarchy and 
confusion, — That it is indispensible to the happiness of the 
individual States, that there should be lodged some wdiere a 
Supreme Power, to regulate and govern the General Concerns 
of the Confederated Republic, without which the Union can- 
not be of long duration, — That there must be a faithful :iiid 
pointed compliance on the part of every State, with tlic late 
proposals and demands of Congress, or the most fatal con- 
sequences will ensue, — That whatever measures have a ten- 
dency to dissolve the Union, or contribute to violate or lessen 
the Sovereign Authority, ought to be considered as hostile to 
the Liberty and Independency of America, and the Authors 
of them treated accordingly, — and lastly. That unless we can 
be enabled by the concurrence of the States, to participate 
of the fruits of the Revolution and enjoy the essential bene- 
fits of Civil Society, under a form of Government so free and 
uncorrupted, so happily guarded against the danger of op- 
pression, as has been devised and adopted by the Articles of 
the Confederation, that it will be a subject of regret that so 
much l)lood and I'reasure have been lavished for no purpose, 
that so many sufferings have been encountered without a 
compensation, and that so many sacrifices have been made in 
vain. — Many other considerations might here be adduced to 
prove, that without an entire conformity to the spirit of the 
Union, we cannot exist as an Independent Power; — It will 
be sufficient for my purpose to mention but one or two which 
seem to me of the greatest importance: — It is only in our 



210 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

United Character as an Empire, that our Independence is 
acknowledged, that our Power can be regarded, or our Credit 
supported among Foreign Nations. — The Treaties of the 
European Powers with the United States of America, will 
have no validity on a dissolution of the Union — We shall be 
left nearly in a state of Nature, or we may find by our own 
unhappy experience that there is a natural and necessary pro- 
gression from the extreme of anarchy to the extreme of 
Tyranny, and that arbitrary power is most easily established 
on the ruins of Liberty abused to licentiousness. 

As to the second Article which respects the performance of 
Public Justice, Congress have, in their late Address to the 
United States, almost exhausted the subject, — they have ex- 
plained their Idea so fully, and have enforced the obligations 
the States are under to render compleat justice to all the 
Public Creditors, with so much dignity and energy, that in 
my opinion no real Friend to the honor and Independency of 
America, can hesitate a single moment respecting the pro- 
priety of complying with the just and honorable measures 
proposed ;— if their Arguments do not produce conviction, I 
know of nothing that will have greater influence; — especially 
when we recollect that the System referred to, being the result 
of the collected Wisdom of the Continent, must be esteemed, 
if not perfect, certainly the least objectionable of any that 
could be devised ; and that if it shall not be carried into im- 
mediate execution, a National Bankrupcy with all its de- 
plorable consequences will take place, before any different 
Plan can possibly be proposed and adopted — So pressing are 
the present circumstances ! and such is the alternative now 
oftered to the States ! 

The ability of the Country to discharge the debts which 
have been incurred in its defence, is not to be doubted — an 
inclination, I flatter myself, will not be wanting. — the path 
of our duty is plain before us; — honesty will be found, on 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 241 

every experiment, to be the best and only true policy; — let 
us then as a ISTation be just; — let us fulfil the public Con- 
tracts which Congress had undoubtedly a right to make for 
the purpose of carrying on the War, with the same good faith 
we suppose ourselves bound to perform our private engage- 
ments ; — in the mean time, let an attention to the chearful 
performance of their proper business as Individuals and as 
Members of Society, be earnestly inculcated on the Citizens 
of America, — then will they strengthen the hands of Govern- 
ment and be happy under its protection, — every one will 
reap the fruits of his labours, — every one will enjoy his own 
acquisitions, without molestation and without danger. 

In this state of absolute Freedom and perfect security, who 
will grudge to yield a very little of his property to support 
the common interest of Society, and ensure the protection 
of Government? Who does not remember the frequent 
declarations at the commencement of the War, that we should 
be compleatly satisfied, if at the expence of one half we could 
defend the remainder of our possessions ? Where is the Man 
to be found who wishes to remain indebted for the defence of 
his own person and property, to the exertions, the bravery, 
and the blood of others, without making one generous effort 
to repay the debt of honor and of gratitude? In what part 
of the Continent shall we find any Man, or body of Men, who 
would not blush to stand up and propose measures purposely 
calculated to rob the Soldier of his stipend and the Public 
Creditor of his due ? and were it possible that such a flagrant 
instance of injustice could ever happen, would it not excite 
the general indignation and tend to bring down upon the 
Author of such Measures, the aggravated vengence of Heaven ? 
— If after all, a spirit of disunion or a temper of obstinacy 
and perverseness, should manifest itself in any of the States, 
if such an ungracious disposition should attempt to frustrate 
all the happy effects that might be expected to flow from the 

17 



242 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Union, if there should be a refusal to comply with the requisi- 
tions for Funds to discharge the Annual interest of the Public 
debts, and if that refusal should revive again all those 
jealousies and produce all those evils which are now happily 
removed, — Congress, who have in all their transactions 
shewn a great degree of magninimity and justice, will stand 
justified in the sight of God & Man; — and the State alone 
which puts itself in opposition — to the aggregate Wisdom 
of the Continent, and follows such mistaken and pernicious 
Councils, will be responsable for all the consequences. 

For my own part, conscious of having acted while a Ser- 
vant of the Public in a manner I conceived best suited to 
promote the real interests of my Country, — having in con- 
sequence of my fixed belief in some measure pledged myself 
to the Army, that their Country would finally do them com- 
pleat and ample justice, — and not wishing to conceal any in- 
stance of my ofiicial conduct from the eyes of the World, — 
1 have thought proper to transmit to your Excellency the 
enclosed collection of Papers, relative to the half Pay and 
commutation, granted by Congress to the officers of the Army, 
— From these communications my decided sentiment will be 
clearly comprehended, together with the conclusive reasons 
which induced me, at an early period, to recommend the 
adoption of this measure in the most earnest and serious man- 
ner ; — As the proceedings of Congress, the Army, and myself 
are open to all, and contain in my opinion sufficient informa- 
tion to remove the prejudices and errors which may have been 
entertained by any, I think it unnecessary to say any thing- 
more, than just to observe, that the Resolutions of Congress 
now alluded to, are undoubtedly as absolutely binding upon 
the United States, as the most solemn Acts of Confederation 
or Legislation : — As to the Idea, which I am informed has in 
some instances prevailed, that the half pay and commutation 
are to be regarded merely in the odious light of a Pension, it 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 243 

ought to be exploded forever, — that Provision should be 
viewed, as it really was, a reasonable compensation offered by 
Congress, at a time when they had nothing else to give, to the 
Officers of the Army for Services then to be performed, — It 
was the only means to prevent a total dereliction of the Serv- 
ice, — It was a part of their hire, — I may be allowed to say, — 
it was the price of their blood and of your Independency, — it 
is therefore more than a common debt, — it is a debt of honor, 
— it can never be considered a pension or gratuity, nor be 
cancelled untill it is fairly discharged. 

With regard to a distinction between Officers and Soldiers, 
it is sufficient that the uniform experience of every Nation of 
the World, combined with our own, proves the utility and 
propriety of the discrimination. Rewards in proportion to 
the aids the public derives from them, are unquestionably due 
to all its Servants, — In some Lines, the Soldiers have perhaps 
generally had as ample a compensation for their Services, 
by the large Bounties which have been paid to them, as their 
Officers Avill receive in the proposed commutation, — In others, 
if besides the donation of Lands, the payment of arreareges 
of Cloathing and Wages (in which Articles all the component 
parts of the Army must be put upon the same footing) ^ve 
take into the estimate the Bounties many of the Soldiers have 
received, and the gratuity of one years full pay, which is 
promised to all, possibly their situation (every circumstance 
being duly considered) will not be deemed less eligible than 
that of the officers; — should a further reward however, be 
judged equitable, I will venture to assert no one will enjoy 
greater satisfaction than myself, on seeing an exemption from 
Taxes for a limited time, (which has been petitioned for in 
some instances) or any other adequate immunity or compen- 
sation granted, to the brave defenders of their Country's 
Cause; — but neither the adoption or rejection of this proposi- 
tion, will in any manner affect, much less militate against, 



244 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Act of Congress by which they have oflFered five years 
full pay, in lieu of the half pay for life, which had been be- 
fore promised to the Officers of the Array. 

Before I conclude the subject of Public Justice, I cannot 
omit to mention the obligation this Country is under, to that 
meritorious Class of veteran Non-Commissioned Officers and 
Privates who have been discharged for inability, in conse- 
quence of the Resolution of Congress of the 23'^ of April 
1782, on an annual pension for life, — their peculiar suffer- 
ings, their singular Merits and claims to that provision, need 
only be known, to interest all the feelings of humanity in 
their behalf; — nothing but a punctual payment of their an- 
nual allowance, can rescue them from the most complicated 
misery, — and nothing could be a more melancholy and dis- 
tressing sight, than to behold those who have shed their blood 
or lost their limbs in the service of their Country, without a 
shelter, without a Friend, and without the means of obtaining 
any of the necessaries or comforts of life, compelled to beg 
their daily bread from door to door ! — suffer me to recom- 
mend those of this discription, belonging to your State, to the 
warmest patronage of your Excellency and your Legislature. 

It is necessary to say but a few words on the third topic which 
was proposed, and which regards particularly the defence of 
the Republic, — As there can be little doubt but Congress 
will recommend a proper Peace Establishment for the United 
States, in which a due attention will be paid to the import- 
ance of placing the Militia of the Union upon a regular and 
respectable footing, if this should be the case, I would beg 
leave to urge the great advantage of it in the strongest terms. 

The Militia of this Country must be considered as the 
Palladiimi of our security, and the first effectual resort in 
case of hostility; it is essential therefore, that the same Sys- 
tem should pervade the whole, — that the formation and 
dicipline of the Militia of the Continent should be absolutely 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 245 

uniform, and that the same species of Arms, Accoutrements, 
and Military Apparatus, should be introduced in every part 
of the United States; — Xo one, who has not learned it from 
experience, can conceive the difficulty, expence and confusion 
which result from a contrary System, or the vague Arrange- 
ments which have hitherto prevailed. 

If in treating of political points, a greater latitude than 
usual has been taken in the course of this Address, — the im- 
portance of the Crisis, and the magnitude of the objects in 
discussion, must be my apology, — It is however, neither my 
wish or expectation that the preceding observations should 
claim any regard, except so far as they shall appear to be 
dictated by a good intention, consonant to the immutable 
rules of justice, — calculated to produce a liberal system of 
policy, and founded on whatever experience may have been 
acquired by a long and close attention to public business; — 
Here I might speak with the most confidence from my actual 
observations, and if it would not swell this Letter (already 
too prolix) beyond the bounds I had prescribed myself, — I 
could demonstrate to every mind open to conviction, that in 
less time, and with much less expence than has been incurred, 
the War might have been brought to the same happy conclu- 
sion, if the resources of the Continent could have been prop- 
erly brought forth, — that the distresses and disappointments 
which have very often occurred, have in too many instances, 
resulted more from a want of energy in the Continental Gov- 
ernment, than a deficiency of means in the particular States, 
that the inefficacy of measures arising from the want of an 
adequate authority in the Supreme Power, from a partial 
compliance with the Requisitions of Congress in some of the 
States, and from a failure of punctuality in others, while it 
tended to damp the zeal of those which were more willing to 
exert themselves, served also to accumulate the expences of 
the War, and to frustrate the best concerted plans; — and 



246 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

that the discouragement occasioned by the complicated diffi- 
culties and embarasments, in which our affairs were by this 
means involved, would have long ago produced the dissolution 
of any Army, less patient, less virtuous, and less persevering, 
than that which I have had the honor to Command. — But 
while I mention these things, which are notorious facts, as 
the defects of our Federal Government, particularly in the 
persecution of a War, I beg it may be understood, that as I 
have ever taken a pleasure in gratefully acknowledging the 
assistance and support I have derived from every Class of 
Citizens, so shall I always be happy to do justice to the un- 
parallelled exertions of the individual States, on many in- 
teresting occasions. 

I have thus freely disclosed what I wished to make known, 
before I surrendered up my Public trust to those who com- 
mitted it to me — the task is now accomplished. — I now 
bid adieu to your Excellency as the Chief Magistrate of your 
State, at the same time, I bid a last farewell to the cares of 
office and all the employments of public life. 

It remains then to be my final and only request, that your 
Excellency will communicate these sentiments to your Legis- 
lature at their next meeting, and that they may be considered 
as the Legacy of one who has ardently wished on all occasions 
to be usefull to his Country, and who, even in the shade of 
Retirement, will not fail to implore the divine benediction 
upon it. 

I now make it my earnest prayer, that God would have you 
and the State over which you preside, in his holy protection, 
that he would incline the hearts of the Citizens to cultivate 
a spirit of subordination and obedience to Government — to 
entertain a brotherly affection and love for one another, for 
their fellow Citizens of the United States at large, and par- 
ticularly for their Brethren who have served in the Field, — 
and finally that he would most graciously be pleased to dis- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 247 

pose US, all to do Justice, to love Mercy, and to demean our- 
selves with that Charity, Humility and Pacific temper of 
mind which were the Characteristicks of the Divine Author 
of your blessed Relif^ion, and without an humble imitation of 
whose example in these things, we can never hope to be a 
Happy Nation. — 

I have the honor to be with the greatest esteem (S: respect 
Sir Your Excellency's Most Obedient and very Humble 
Servant 

G. Washington 



'&• 



In Senate June SG'*" 1783 
Read and Sent down 

S Adams Presid* 

In the House of Representatives June 2G"' 1783. 

Read & thereupon Ordered that W Phillips, M' Sedgwick, 
M' Bacon, M'" Rows & M' Hosmcr with such as the Hon Senalc 
may join be a Committee to consider this Letter k communi- 
cations accompanying & report. And that said Committee 
report particularly a draft of a Letter to Gen' Washington 
expressing the gTatitude of this Commonwealth for the ex- 
ertions of his zeal, firmness & patriotism & for his attention 
to the rights of the citizens k the honor of civil government 
during the course of the war & to ccuigratuhite liini on the 
glorious terms of peace. 

Sent up for concurrence 

Tristram Ualton Speaker 

In Senate June 27**' 1783 

Read & Concurred & Eleazer Brooks, Sam' Pliillips jun'", 
Charles Turner and jS^nth' Wells Esq'^ are joined 

S Adams Presid' 



248 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

A Bill Conferring the Bights of Citizenship to the Marquis 
De La Fayette. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts — In the Year of our Lord 
one thousand seven hundred and eighty five — 

An Act for Granting to the Right Honourable the Marquis 
De La Fayette & to his Heirs the rights of Citizenship in 
this Commonwealth — 

Whereas this Country has derived ^ the greatest ^ benefits 
from the Efforts of the Right Hon*"^ The Marquis De La 
Fayette in the cause of America, — Efforts ^ doubly Brilliant 
from the Period of real danger in which they commenced, 
as well as from the unremitted ardour with which they were 
continued 'till the Glorious completion of those original 
Views of the opposition in this Country, ° the happy & per- 
manent Establishment of our Peace Liberty & Safety — In 
order therefore to give this Testimony to the World, and as 
far as possible to transmit the Hon''''' remembrance of those ^ 
Virtues & Exertions to Posterity which could only have been 
inspired by a Thirst of true Glory, & the deepest reverence 
for the Rights of Human nature ^ 

Be it therefore enacted by the Senate and House of Repre- 
sentatives in General Court Assembled <& by the Authority 
of the same— That the Right Hon"'^ the Marquis De La 
Fayette late Major General of the Armies of the United 
States of America ^ together with his Heirs — be and Here- 
by are intitled to all the Rights, Liberties, Immunities, and 
Privileges of a free Citizen of this Commonwealth ^^ — 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the Secretary of this Commonwealth be & he hereby is 
directed to transmit a true Copy of the foregoing Act under 
the great Seal of this Commonwealth to the Right Hon''''' 
The Marquis De La Fayette late Major General of the 
Armies of the United States of America — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 249 

In the House of Representatives Feb""'' BS*** 1785 

This Bill having had three several Readings passed to be 
Engrossed — 

Sent up for concurrence Sam A Otis Spkr 
In Senate Feb'' 28, 1785 
Read the first time 

dele from A to B & insert "essential" 
dele from C to D & insert "brilliant from the real Danger 
at the Period when they commenced & the unremitted Ardor 
with which they were continued untill" 

dele from E to F and insert virtuous Exertions to Posterity 
dele from G to H «fe insert & his Heirs be and hereby are 
entitled to all the Rights Liberties & Immunities of free 
Citizens of this Commonwealth they conforming to the Re- 
quirements of Laws of the Commonwealth in the Exercise & 
Enjoyment of such Rights Liberties & Immunities — 

[To Lafayette America owes a great debt. Arriving in 
this country at the age of nineteen he at once sought the side 
of Washington and from that moment devoted all his 
energies to the American cause. After a horseback ride of 
nearly nine himdred miles he was met with coldness by 
Congi-ess; l)ut not disconcerted by the manner of his recep- 
tion he thus addressed them : 

"After the sacrifices I have made, I have the right to exact 
two favours ; one is, to serve at my own expense, — the other 
is, to serve at first as volunteer." 

Sentiments of this character to which they were so little 
accustomed, awakened their attention ; the despatches from 
the envoys were read over, and, in a very flattering resolu- 
tion, the rank of major-general was granted to M. de 
Lafayette. His modesty, courage and ability gained him 
the friendship and admiration of those with whom he was 
associated.] 



250 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Acceptance Treasurer's Accounts Town of York. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Ilepresentatives June 16 1783 
Whereas it Appears Upon Examination of the Treasurer's 
Accounts for the County of York that All the moneys granted 
& allowed by the Court of General Sessions of the Peace for 
the said County from June 26, 1781, to January 1783, in- 
cluding eTan''^ Term, was for such purposes & Appropriations 
as by Law the said Court were impowered to grant. There- 
fore Resolved that the said Accounts be Accepted & Allowed. 
Sent up for concurrence 

Tristram Dalton Spk"" 

In Senate June 17*"^ 1783 
Read & Concurred 

S Adams Presid' 
Approv'd John Hancock 



Resolve in re Estate Francis Waldo Esq. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate June 19'*^ 1783 
Whereas it appears to this Court by the Representation 
of John Lewis Esq'" & others a Couunittee for the Sale of part 
of the real Estate of Francis Waldo Esq"" an Absentee, with 
the papers accompanying the same, that the said Committee 
have disposed of part of the said real Estate amounting to 
Two hundred & eighty three pounds and have paid the de- 
mands on the said Estate amounting to Two hundred fifty 
four pounds seventeen shillings & eight pence & that there 
remains in the hands of the said Committee twenty eight 
pounds two shillings & four pence Therefore Resolved, 
that this Court do approve & Confirm the doings of the said 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 251 

Committee & they arc hereby directed to pay the aforesaid 
Sum of twenty eight pounds 2/4 into the Treasury of this 
Commonwealth taking duplicate Eeceipts therefor one of 
which to be lodged in the Secretary's oflfice 
In the House of Eepresentatives June 30'" 1783 
Sent down for Concurrence 

Tristram Dalton Spk"" 
Read & concurred 

S Adams Presid^ 
Approv'd John Hancock 



Resolve in Favor John Bane. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives June 23*^ 1783 

On the Petition of John Bane praying for Payment for 
Sundry Provisions supply'd the Troops on the Eastern De- 
partment — 

Resolved that the Commissary Gen' be and he is hereby di- 
rected to pay to John Pane fourteen Hundred & twenty two 
pounds of Beef Twenty one Bushels of Corn one Peas and ten 
pounds of Beef Twenty one Bushels of Corn one bushel of 
Peas and ten pound of fish balance of his Acc^ with four 
Hundred Weight of beef for his time & Expence transporting 
the same and the whole be charged to the United States, 

Tristram Dalton Spk^ 
In Senate June 24'" 1783 
Read and Concurred 

S Adams Presid*^ 
Approv'd John Hancock. 

The Governor Approves of the above Resolve & directs the 
Secretary to give a Copy thereof with his Approbalidiu being 
unable to Sign by reason of the Gout in his hand. 



252 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Resolve on Petition of Benj. West. 

Common Wealth of Massachusets 

In the House of Representatives June 30^'* 1783 
On the Petition of Benjamin West praying for allowance 
for the loss of his Cloathing Firelock and Accoutrements at 
Quebeck in the year 1775 | Resolved that the Prayer of the 
Petition be Granted and that there be allowed and paid out 
of the Treasury of this Commonwealth to the said Benjamin 
West the Sum of Eight pound twelve Shillings in full Com- 
pensation for losses sustained as above. 

Action on Petition John Hovey. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives June 30^'', 1783 
On the memorial and petition of John Hovey of Arundel 
in the County of York Setting forth that on the 22** day of 
June Last he was coming to Boston by water and was pursued 
by the Enemy and in Escaping from the Vessel into a Bote 
he Lost his pocket Book in which where Several State Notes 
of the following Value Viz one of ten pounds one year In- 
terest paid thereon Dated January 1 1777 one D° of ten 
pounds Dated January 2^ 1777 one D" of ten pounds Dated 
January 2*^ 1777 one D° of ten pounds Dated January 15 

1777 Indorsed thereon four pounds ten shillings one D° of 
twenty four pounds thirteen shillings Dated December 1 1777 
payable to John Hovey one D° of ten pounds Dated January 5 

1778 one D° of ten pounds Dated January 5 1777 one D° of 
twelve pounds ten Shillings Dated January 1 1777 payable 
to Charles Huff praying that he may be allowed a Consola- 
dated Note for the value of the aforesaid Notes 

Resolved that the treasurer of this Commonwealth be and 
he is hereby Directed to give the aforesaid John Hovey a 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 253 

Consolidated note to the Value of the aforesaid Xotcs he first 
Entering into Bonds to the Treas' aforesaid that he will 
Kepay the notes afores^ or Either of them if they Should 
be offered for Consolidation. 



Petition of John Bakman. 

To the Honorable the Senate, and the House of Representa- 
tives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General 
Court assembled 

Humbly shews 

John Bateman of Cape in the County of Lin- 

coln — that in the Month of August, Anno Domini 1779, he 
was possessed of a large real and personal estate at the said 
Cape — that on the fourteenth day of the same month, he 
was driven from his estate by the British Soldiers, and 
American Refugees, that they are still in possession of the 
land, and have disposed his personal Estate among them- 
selves inhabiting at the said Cape, and refuse to deliver any 
part thereof or the possession of his real estate to your peti- 
tioner — whereby he, with a numerous family of Children 
are entirely deprived of the means of subsistance, and for 
want of money he is unable to commence the legal process 
requisite in the ordinary Course of Law for the recovery of 
his property aforesaid. 

Wherefore he prays your Honors to take his Case into your 
wise Consideration and grant him such relief as may be 
agreeable to equity and Justice and consistent with the Law 
of this Commonwealth 

And he will ever pray 

John Bakman 
July 29 1783 



254 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Report on Petition of Wm M^Cohh and Actio7i Thereon. 

The Committee of both Houses, ap^^ointed to consider 
the Petition of William ]\PCobb, ask leave to report the 
following — 

Charles Turner P"" Order 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate July 2 1783 

On the Petition of William McCobb, praying that three 
certain Awards made against him, on behalf of Ebenezer 
Fullerton, Thomas McGuyer, and Patrick McGuire, might 
be Set aside, ^ 

Resolved, for the reasons Set forth in the Same Petition, 
and Supported by evidence, ^ that the Award made by John 
Stenson, ISTathaniel Thwing, and Edward Young, dated the 
thirtieth Day of August, in the year of our Lord one thousand 
Seven hundred and eighty two, and in the Seventh year of 
the American Independence, wherein they awarded that the 
said McCobb should pay Patrick McGuyer Ten Pounds one 
Shilling, and one other Sum of four Pounds two Shillings — 
and also one other award made by the said Nathaniel John 
and Edward, on the thirtieth Day of August, in the year last 
above mentioned, wherein they awarded, that the said M'^Cobb 
Should pay Ebenezer Fullerton, fourteen Pounds three Shil- 
lings — and one other Aw^ard made the twenty ninth Day of 
August last above mentioned, by the same Arbitrators, where- 
in they awarded, that the Said William Should pay Thomas 
McGuyer the Sum of thirty Seven Pounds thirteen Shillings 
and Seven pence, be, and they hereby are Set aside, and de- 
clared null and void ; and that no action Shall be had or 
maintained, in any manner whatever, for the non perform- 
ance of the same awards, or either of them; and that an 
Action brought by the said Thomas McGuyer, against the 
said McCobb, and pending by appeal at the Supreem Judicial 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 255 

Court, held at Falinoiitli in the County of Cumberland, and 
for the Counties of Cumberland and Lincoln in July 1782, 
be and hereby is revived, and either Party shall have the 
same right to prosecute, and proceed on the Same Action, at 
the Supreem Judicial Court to be holden at Falmouth in the 
County of Cumberland, and for ihe Counties of Cumberland 
and Lincoln, on the Tuesday next after the fourth Tuesday 
in June, in the year one thousand Seven Hundred and eighty 
four, as they would have had regularly continued to that 
Term; and the Court aforesaid shall take Cognizance of the 
same accordingly. 

Read and Accepted with Amendment at A 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S. Adams Presid*^ 

At A dele from A to B. and insert ''Whereas the County 
of Lincoln at the time of making the said Awards were under 
peculiar Circumstances by reason of the Establishment of a 
British Garrison in that County, and it appears to this Court, 
that the Arbitrators as well Inhabitants in General of the 
said County were in a great degree under the Influence of 
the Enemy and their Adherents — Therefore Resolved." 
In the House of Representatives July 2'' 1783 
Read & Non-concurred 

Tristram Dalton Speaker 

Address of General CUuirl lo George Washington. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

Boston Julv 10*'' 1783 
Sir, 

The Senate and House of Representatives of the Com- 
monwealth of Massachusetts in General Court Assembled, 
take this Opportunity of congratulating you, on the happy 
Return of Peace — 

Your Excellency, we are assured, will join with us, in the 



256 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

Warmest Expressions of Gratitude to the Supreme Euler of 
the Universe, under whose Influence & Direction the Struggles 
of a virtuous and free People have terminated in a Revolu- 
tion which excites the Admiration of the World 

Guided by His alwise Providence, your Country early 
fix'd her Eyes upon you ! And confiding in those eminent 
Qualities which you possess'd, appointed you to the Com- 
mand of her Armies. 

The Wisdom of your Conduct in the Discharge of that 
important Trust, has given a compleat Sanction to the Ap- 
pointment, and crown'd the most heightend Expectations. 

In every Stage of the arduous Conflict, what trying 
Scenes have you not passed through ! What Hardships have 
you not endured ! What Dangers have you not encountered ! 
May Heaven reward your unremitted Exertions ! May you 
long live, beloved by a grateful Country, & partaking largely 
in the Enjo_)Tnent of those inestimable Blessings, which you 
have been so eminently instrumental in securing for us ! 
While Patriots shall not cease to applaud, that sacred Attach- 
ment which you have constantly manifested to the Rights of 
Citizens — too often violated by Men in Arms, your Military 
Virtues and Achievements will be deeply recorded in the 
Breasts of your Countrymen & their Posterity, and make the 
brightest Pages in the History of Mankind" 

We are with every sentiment of respect & Esteem, in the 
Name & Behalf of the General Court 

y Excellency's most Obedient & very hble Serv*^ 
His Exc^ Gen' Washington 

Receipt from William Howard. 

Hallo well y' 25 of July 1783 
Sir 

I have Received of Co' Josiali Brewar fourteen moose skins 
ten beaver skins w* 141/2 lb thirty two sable skins three minks 



OF TlIK STATE OF MAINE 257 

one otter one fishar three musquoslis the above skins I have 
Shiped on board Sloop hope Tobias Oakman mastar which 
he will Deliver to you on his arrival in Boston Sir the a]x)ve 
mentioned Skins with what I sent to you in the Spring by 
ray brother Sam' Howard is all that I have Received of Co' 
Brewar 

from your Verey Humble Sarvant 

William Howard 
Richard Devens Esq"" 

State of the Several Accounts of Thomas Child Esq. 

State of the several Accounts of Thomas Child Esq. Agent 
to the Estate of Francis Waldo late of Falmouth in the 
County of Cumberland Esq*" an Absentee viz*- 

First Account 
Paid for the Board of an old lame offensive Negro Man 

named Scipio, from y" 10'" April 1779 to October 21, 

1780— 79 Weeks at 12/ £47.. 8.. 

U" Previous to the 12 Febr^ 1779 4 . 16 — 

Sundry Articles of Cloathing for the said Negro 

— at different Times 7 .. 16 .. 6 
Expences attending y" Sale of Good — — 12 — 
Postage of Letters — 8 — 
Commissioners & Appraisers Accounts 5 — 8 — 
Paid for Extracts for the County Records 3 — 
Probate Fees in divers Instances 2 — 
Allowance for Time Trouble & Expence Horse ^ 
Hire — venduing Goods &c \ 20 



£91 . 8 

Deduct y" Personal Estate £16 . 16 . 3 ) 

Cash Rec" of Geo Tate 4 . 15 \ 21 . 11 



Ballance due to T Child £69 . 17 . 3 

18 



258 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Cumberland Ss Allowed hy y" Judge of Probate for s*^ 
County Oct. 12, 1780 & recorded 

p"" Sam' Freeman Reg'' 
Second Account 
Cloathing for Scipio £7 .. 4 .. 1 

Commissions and Storage on Lime in Boston — 17 . 11 
Writ & Service against Thomas Cummings for 

Trespass — 14 . — 

Scipios Board from Oct 21, 1780 to April | 
6, 1782—76 Weeks 12/ 

Allowance for Services as Agent 
Ballance of first Account 
Probate Fees 



Deduct Cash received for Lime 
D° of George Tate 



Balance due to T. Child 

Cumberland Ss Allowed by y" Judge of Probate for s'' 
County April 6, 1782 & recorded. 

p"" Sam' Freeman Reg. 
Third Account 

Ballance of the second £106 . 18 . 3 

Cloathing for Scipio 1 . 12 . 4 

Scipio's Board from April 6, 1782 to Jan^ 4, 

1783 26 . 2 . 

Allowance for Services as Agent 1 . 16 . 

Probate Fees — 7 — 





1 45 

5 

69 


.12 . 


, — 




.17 . 


, 3 






6 . 






£129 


.11 . 


3 


£19, 


.17— 






2. 


,16 


. 13 




22 


:13 22 






£106 


.18 . 


3 



£136 .5.7 
Cumberland Ss. Allowed by y^ Judge of Probate for said 
County Jan^ 7, 1783 and recorded 

p"" Sam' Freeman Reg. 



OK THE STATE OF MAINE 25D 

Fourth Account 

Cloathing for Scipio £3 .. 15 .. 4 

Scipios Board from Jau 4, 1783 to Aug 30, 

1783 12/Week 20.. 8— 

]5al]ancc of third Account 136 .. 5 .. 7 
The said Agents Claim on said Estate as settled 

by the Commissioners 01 . 3 . 5 

His Note to the Courts Committee 10 . 11 .. 

Probate Fees — C — 



£232 . 9 
The said Agent in this account Charges himself with 

Cash Received for Lime £4.7.6 

A Lot of Land conveyed to him by 

ye Courts Committee 208 



£212 : 7 . 6 
Cumberland Ss. Allowed by the Judge of Probate for said 
County & recorded by 

Sam' Freeman Reg. 



Petition Selectmen of Thomuston. 

To the Honourable! Senate and house of Representatives 

Wo your petitioners humbly shewetli that wlicrcas wo are 
Inhabitants of the Town of Thoniaston being a frontier 
Town upon the Enemy for four years past which were in 
possession of the Eastern side of Penobscot Bay and we 
fronting on the western side of the same Which has greatly 
Distressed us for virtually we have been Prisoners at their 
wills & have suffered greatly by them some of our buildings 
Burnt our cattle killed «fe our substance greatly wasted and 
destroyed Likewise our small Navigation & fisheries all taken 



260 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

from ns and ]\Iany More difficulties too numerous to Relate 
likewise that our Town is mainly a very new Settlement 
mainly settled by those who Were put to straits by the late 
publick Calamity by reason of Other Callings failing were 
obliged to settle upon the wild lands where We could not 
get any proper Security of for to Cultivate in hopes to Get 
bread for our family's & likewise in hopes in some future 
time we might have the Justice done us not to lose our labor 
but Either That we might have our lands at what it was 
reasonably worth When we took it or that we might have the 
Value of what we made it better by our labor but further 
more we hope your honors will Consider that by proper In- 
dulgence we may be able to help ourselves And be of Service 
to the Community in General & therefore We pray that your 
honors would take it into your wise Consideration Our dis- 
tresses that we have been in & still Are under and Consider 
Our heavy taxes that we have not been Able to pay & still are 
not (not that we are Complaining of any Injustice done us 
by our Authority but we plead our Distresses & distress for 
altho' our Enemy has of late been at Peace with us yet we 
are left strip'' & wounded and likewise the Disaffected that a 
few months past had no respect In Appearance to our laws 
are now Distressing and harrissing Our best Friends Who 
had their Country's good at heart With their Own laws 
which still make our Case More difficult That we can see no 
way that unless your honor's can find out a way for our Relief 
but our Infant Town will be depopulated so we leave Our 
Case with you putting our Confidence in your wisdom & we 
your Petitioners are ever Bound in duty to Pray. 

Sam' Brown, 



September 13, 1783 



^ Select men 
Oliver Robins Jiin / 

T- 1 o- J. I of Thomaston 

John Simonton, / 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 2G1 

Josiah Brewer to Governor. 

Fort Halifax 15'^ Sept^ 1783 
Sir 

I inclosed you in my last of y* 21^* April two Eeceipts one 
from Col° William Howard for the skins and furs tlie other 
from Ezekiel Pattee Escf for goods he has Received from me 
belonging to Government Which I hope came safe to liand, 
and I now Inclose you two more one from Col: Howar<l for 
skins and furs Received from the Indians for Dehts that 
was due to Government there is still more skins and furs due 
which I shall Colect and forward as soon as possible — the 
other Receipt is from Ezekiel Pattee Esq*" for the Remainder 
of the Goods I had on hand belonging to Government — I 
still remain in a bad state of health, but Expects if possible 
to be in Boston in a short time I am 

Sir With the greatest Respect your most Obed' & very 
hum'^ serv'' 

Josiah Brewer 

Winslow Sept^ 15 1783 
Received of Josiah Brewer Truck master for the use of 
the Common welth of Massachusetts the following articals 
viz' Eighty two pound of gun powder Sixty four pound' 
Goos shott five yard & half Blue Ratten and five Hatchetts 
all which I promis to Deliver to Richard Devens Esq"" Com^ 
General or his sucsesur in said office I have signed Two 
Recpts of the same tenor and Date 

Ezekiel Pattee 

Hallowell y" 8 of July 1783 
Received of CoP Josiah Brewar for the use of the Com- 
monwealth of Massachusetts the following articals Viz four- 
teen mooce Skins twelve pounds of spring beaver two and a 
half pounds of fall lieaver three musquoshes three mink one 



262 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

otter one fisher thirty two Sables all which I promise to De- 
liver to Richard Devens Esq"" Commiserry General the 
Dainger of the seas & fire Excepted. 

William Howard 



Petition and Remonstrance of Enoch Freeman et at. 

The Honourable the Senate and the Honourable the House 
of Representatives in General Court Assembled. — 

The Petition k, Remonstrance of the Proprietors of a 
neck of Land in the Town of Falmouth in the County of 
Cumberland, by their Committee, 

Humbly Shews 

1 That at the beginning of the late War, a large Forti- 
fication was built on the heighth of Said iSTeck, by order of 
Government, for the common safety of the Publick ; that the 
Persons Employed to build said Fortification, did dig up 
vast Quantities of Sods from the Land of Your Petitioners 
for the use of said Works, which almost ruined a number of 
Acres of Land, »fc a long House for Barracks was built within 
said Fortification, for the use of the Soldiers in opposing 
the common Enemey: by all which your Petitioners have 
lost the Benefit of Improving said neck, which contains 300 
Acres, & the Same has laid open (untill the Summer past) 
& in common to the use of the Publick ever since, to the 
Damage of your Petitioners, in their Estimation, not less 
than six hundred pounds. 

2 That contrary to the Expectation of your Petitioner, 
the said Barracks were hall'd off (it is said by order of 
Government, without notifying or consulting your Petition- 
ers, or proposing any Compensation to them for said 
Damages, which was very unexpected to your Petitioners, 
Since Government did on the 7^*" Day of May 1777 pass a 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 2G3 

Resolve that all Damages which have been or may be done to 
private property, ])Y erecting such Fortifications Shall be 
fully compensated to the Proprietors. — 

3 That many of your Petitioners, by the Town being 
burnt by the Enemy are reduced to great Straits & Diffi- 
culties, Wherefore your Petitioners humbly pray Your 
Honours, will please to take the Premises into Consideration 
& grant them Adequate Compensation for said Damages, k 
your Petitioner, as in Duty bound will ever pray, kc — 

Falmouth Sep* IG"' 1783. 

Enoch Freeman 

Jedidiah Preble 



Memorial Inhah'" of Boothbay. 

To the Honorable Senate & Hous of Kepresentatives for the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts — 
The Inhabitants of the town of Boothbay beg leave to rep- 
resent to your Honours, that we have been ready and willing 
at all times during the late War with Grate Brittain, to 
contribute in behalf of Amarica Eaqual to any town in this 
Commonwealth in proportion to our ability and circum- 
stances, and have answered all the demands of the Legislative 
Body in that respect to the Year of our Lord 1779 at which 
time the Enemy took post at ^fajabagaduce, but a little dis- 
tance East of this Town ; and this town being almost an 
Island or a neck, as we may say Sheepsgut River makeing 
the west Side Damascotty River the East, and the Atlantic 
Ocion the South, so that we ware annoyed almost in every 
part of the town by the Enemies privateers & Boats, our 
Vessals have been cheafly taken which was the main Suport 
of the town, and our young men that was imployed in those 
vessals, by that means were dispersed, sum a privateering and 
sum in the Continental Armv which left the town in low 



264 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

circumstances, cut of from any commerce, or geting any 
Supplies, Abliged to keep sentries on our own Expence for 
the preservation of our lives & Estates; which has reduced 
this town to almost Extreme poverty; And now since peace, 
we remain in low circumstances, as we have not vessals of 
our own, nor Lumber to supply foring vessals as they have 
in other parts of this County up the Rivers. These cir- 
cumstances has rendered this town incapable & unable to 
pay the public taxes since the year 1779. And for these 
reasons the Select men has posponded the Assessing Several 
Taxes knowing the Town unable to pay it — 

Therefore we pray the Honorable Court to take our de- 
plorable case into your wise Consideration, And if it is con- 
sistant to Your Honours wise Council, we wou'^ pray for an 
abatement of our rereage taxes til news of peace & your peti- 
tioners as in Duty bound shall Ever pray 
Boothbay 22" Sepf 1783. 

Edward Emerson \ Committee ap- 

W" M'^Cobb / pointed by the 

Ichabod Pinkhan, i town for this 

Tho^ Boyd Jun"" / purpose. 

Petition Town of Bristol. 

To the Senate, Counsel, and House of Representatives in 
General Court Assembled 
The humble petition of the Town of Bristol in the County 
of Lincoln & Common Welth of Massachusetts, most humbly 
sheweth — that we ware assest in a Beef tax, by a Resolve 
of the General Court, of Sepf 25. 1780. of four thousand 
Weight of Beef which we paid to General Wadsworth at 
S' Georges and have a Recp* for the Same which we Inclose, 
and also was Taxt by another Resolve of Dec"" 4. 1780. and 
one otJher Tax in June 1781 — for which tax we did Collect 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 265 

part of s^ Beef — Imt no superintendent ever called upon us 
for s** Beef until Jan^ at which time our Beef was Kil*" we 
not being able to Stall feed, it being a Verry scarce year for 
Hay, after which the Superintendent Could not Receive 
Salt Beef but ordered our proportion to be Drove alive to 
Earth, where they Should be Kili'd & he would give the town 
C for Beef, Hides & Tallow — which Distance is thirty od 
miles & a Defucalt Season to cross the Rivers, they being 
frozen, & not strong Enuff to Bare, for which Reason we 
Could not Drive what few cattle we had left to the s'^ town 
of Earth & have not been Called upon Since, until now. 
Therefore we your petitioners humbly pray your Honours, 
to be pleased to take into your Consideration, the many 
Difficultys we have Labourd under, — which we sett forth 
to your Honours in a purticular manner in our Last peti- 
tion, & finely abate us the Whole or such part of s*^ taxes as 
your Honours shall see meet, as it is wholey out of our 
power to pay any part of it at present as an Instance an 
Execution is now served on the Collector of this town for a 
State Tax, which Collector Cannot collect near Half the 
money to pay it of with, money being Exceeding Scarce in 
this town, but for further purticulars Refur you to Will"' 
Jones Esq. our Representative who will give you a trew 
Representation of our present Inability, after which, we pray 
your Honours to take our Situation into your Consideration 
once more and be pleased to Ease us of as Large a part of the 
above tax, as to your Honours shall seem meet, and your 
petitioners as in Duty Bound shall Ever pray &c 

In Behalf of s*^ Town 

John Boy'' o-" Clerk 

Bristol Sept^ 23. 1783. 

William M^Intyer | Selectmen 
Henry Hunter j of Bristol 



266 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petition Josiah Waters Jr. 

To the Honorable the Senate and the Honorable the House 
of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachu- 
setts in General Court Assembled in Boston — 

Humbly Shews, the Petition of Josiah Waters juu'' in 
Behalf of the Owners of the Private Ship of war the General 
Putnam. — 

The Ship of War General Putnam was built in 1777 at 
:N'ew London by Is^athaniel Shaw Escf for the Sole purpose 
of a Cruizing Ship, and no cost or pains was wanting to 
compleat her for the Business, and by means of unfavorable 
Winds the said Ship put into the Harbour of Boston on the 
20^*" June 1779 at which time an Expedition was forming 
against Penobscot and your Petitioner who was Agent for 
the Owners (seven eighths of whom were Inhabitants of the 
State of Connecticutt) was applied to for the said Ship to 
proceed with others on the said expedition, and as he did 
not conceive it to be his duty to consent, without first ob- 
taining leave from the Owners ; the said Ship was seized by 
the Sheriff of the County of Suffolk who was fully authorized 
for the purpose, to proceed on the said Expedition, and al- 
though your petitioner was requested to join with the then 
Board of War in nameing the Persons for the appraising 
the said Ship, on his refusal for the reasons before mentioned, 
they the said Board of War did appoint Captains Prince 
Fleet, and Waldo to appraise the said Ship who accepted the 
appointment and did approve the said Ship at Ten Thousand 
Pounds Sterling but in as much as their was no Specie cir- 
culating at that time they named the sum of One hundred and 
Ten Thousand Pounds in the then paper Money supposing 
it to be equal to the above mentioned sum of Ten thousand 
Pounds Sterling but sometime after a Scale of depreciation 
being fix'd the aforementioned sum of One hundred & Ten 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 267 

thousand Pounds in paper money at which the said ship 
was appraised Amounted to no more by the said Scale than 
about Seven Thousand Pounds Lawful money In conse- 
quence of which several Petitions from your Petitioner and 
the Owners of the said Ship have been before the former 
The Honorable General Court, and through the multiplicity 
of Business nothing has yet been finally determined upon. 

Your petitioner therefore now prays this Honorable Court, 
to take the matter into their wise consideration and appoint 
a Committee to enquire into the truth of the above rep- 
resentation in order to the owners receiving the Sum that 
the said Ship was intended to be appraised at with Interest 
from the time it became due. — 

Confiding in the Justice and Integrity of the Honorable 
Legislature, and not doubting of a speedy completion of this 
Business, will as in duty bound ever pray. — 

Josiah Waters Jun"" 
Boston September 24. 1783 



Action on Foregoing Petition. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives October 18, 1783 

On the petition of Josiah Waters J"" in behalf of the owners 
of the ship Putnam. 

Resolved that the Prayer of the Petition be granted and 
the Treasurer is hereby Directed and Impowered to give to 
the owners of the said Ship Putnam; his Securities in be- 
half of this Commonwealth for the sum of their ten thousand 
three hundred thirty three Pounds Six Shillings and Eight 
pence (Including what may have been Paid if any) together 
with Interest from the time it was due : as full Compensation 
for said ship Appurtenances and stores. 



268 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petition William Lermoyid. 

To the Honorable Senante and bouse of Representatives of 
tbe Comon wealth of masachusetts 
The petion of William Lermond of tbe town of warran in 
tbe County of Lincoln Humbly Sheweth that whereas apart 
of my Land is Divided By thomas town Line to the Great 
Disadvantage of your petioner : and your pettioner Begs your 
Honours v/ould anex that part of my Land which Lieth in 
Thomastown to tbe town of Warren Being twenty one Rods 
in width tbe Line Runing from S' Georges River iSTorth, 
thirty two Degrees East two miles and a half to a Stake and 
Stones from thence Runing West thirty two Degrees Xorth 
to town Line twenty one Rods And your petioner as in Duty 
Bound Shall Ever pray 

William Lermond 
Warren Septen?'' 29^'^ 1783 



Memorial Town of Bowdoinham. 

To tbe Hon. — Senate & house of Representatives in General 
Cort Assembled ; 
Tbe Memorial of y*" town of Bowdoinham Humbly Sheweth ; 
that l)y an Act passed the present year 1783 for Apportion- 
ing & Assessing a tax of two hundred thousand pounds To 
defray y^ Expences of y^ Government; as sett forth in s° 
Act, & Whereas by s*^ act the town of Bowdoinham is taxed y® 
Sum of £200 pounds for their proportion of s** Sum afores*^ 
which Sum is Within £9:3:4 of what is assessed on y^ town 
of Topsham a Circumstance which appears very Extraordi- 
nary to yo"" memorialist Especially when they have been here- 
tofore taxed but about one Third y" Amount of s'' town & 
their Comparative Ability to pay Not in y'' least Increased 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 209 

than when they stood in that proportion It is true there is a 
consideral)le (luantity of wild land together with A Xuml>er 
oflF Scattered Inliahitants lately .Idin*" to y^ town But y" 
Miserable Situation of y" Inhabitants being distitute of even 
y® Common Xecessaries of life renders it next to Impossible 
that they can pay any Taxes, & even if any thing could l^e 
obtained of them, y" expences & Difficulty of Collecting it 
would be more than y" Value of y" Sum they could well pay 
But Such has been y" wrong Information that Yo"" lion" have 
receiv** Concerning these settlers that yo"" llonr" have in Con- 
sequence of them thought proper to near Tliribble Our pro- 
portion of tax this present year which we hiind)ly presume 
your Honr"" will rectifye; as to y" Inhal)itants of that large 
quantity of land Yo"" Ilonr^ have Anext to Bowdoinham ; 
their is not above three or four Excepting those few that have 
bought of Esq"" Bowdoin that owns one foot of land. — It is 
true there is a larg number of jjoUs I'.ut we l»eg you Would 
Consider Candedly what Value to put Upon them; — AVhat 
we desire is that they may be taken again from us; or at 
least not to be a burden to us. Which we leav to your Wisdom 
And as to yo*" Hour* Takeing that Sum of IMoney off from y® 
town of Harpswell & Laying on us ; we Conclude You were 
Some way Misled for we cant think that y" town of Harps- 
well was in y" least y*" poorer for the few familys mooveing 
out off y* town; as they left their farms to Others which is 
common in all towns Nor do we think y*^ town of Bowdoin- 
ham in y'' least y^ Better As they did not Come into y"" town 
of Bowdoinham; But only Into y" Adjacent parts were we 
had never tax^ a foot of land. When that money was laid on 
us. We shall take it as a favour If yo" Hon" wou'd Inquire 
more particularly in to that affair & then do as in your Wis- 
dom you Shall think meet. — Your memorialists Beg leave 
further to Represent that by the proportions for j" three 
years & the three & five months men laid upon y® town we 



270 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

apprehend ther must be a mistake as the town of Topsham & 
y^ town of Bowdoinham are Apportioned near Alike. When 
y" town of Bowdoinham Agreable to y" Order of Cort Rais'' 
two men, & y® town of Topsham agreable to y^ same Requisi- 
tions Raised Seven & Both towns gave alike price to their 
men. We therefore Humbly Beg Yo"" Hon" to Rectifye it. 
There is another article we would be glad to mention to 
yo"" Hon*"^ If we knew how. We hear by y^ bye that some 
orders are Isued to y® several towns that did not Send in or 
Diliver their proportion of Beaf Called for some time since 
But we have not heard what y*' orders are & as we did not 
deliver y^ Beaf we Would acquaint you with y® reason which 
is this AVe did not Receive any orders to Raise any Beaf til 
y^ time of y" year for killing of Beaf w^as near over, How- 
ever we Collected it But Could Not git any Body to receive 
it; though Several days were spent on that account. We 
leave all With yo'" Honour to do as You think meet, & as in 
Duty Bound Shall ever pray. 

By order of y^ town 

Abr" Preble — town Clerk. 
Bowdoinham October y" 4: 178^ 



Petition Toivn of Bristol. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts [ 

In the House of Representatives Ocf 22^ 1783 

On the Petition of the town of Bristol and other towns to 
the Eastward of Sheepscutt in the County of Lincoln Pray- 
ing for abatement of Taxes — 

Resolved that the Prayers of the Petitioners be so far 
Granted that Solomon Lovell & Edward Russell Esq"" with 
such as the Hon^ Senate may joyn Be a Committee to Repair 
to the Several towns to the Eastward of Sheepscut and Veiw 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 2Y1 

thier Circumstances and Report at the Xext Sitting of the 
General Court, at the Expence of the Petitioners, and the 
treasurer be Directed to stay Execution for their Beef tax 
the mean time. 



Petition Selectmen of Berwick. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts To the Honourable Senate 
& House of Representatives in Gen' Court Assembled. 
The Petition of the Select Men of Berwick in the County 
of York — Humbly Sheweth that their is in this Town an 
aged woman by the name of Elizabeth Hart that has become 
a Town Charge notwithstanding she has a right to the thirds 
of her late Husbands Joseph Harts Estate dec** which is 
about 16 Acres of poor land, that lies waste, and she is be- 
come helpless, her Children & Grand Children refuse to sup- 
port her,, (some of which are minors) We therefore pray your 
Honours to Grant Liberty, that the Land aforesaid may be 
sold so that she may be supported out of the proceeds, which 
we conceive to be the best way she can be supported or Re- 
leiv'd in her advanced age & helpless state — as your Honours 
in your Wisdom may think best and as in Duty bound will 
ever pray 

Rich'' Fox 

"Cutts ( Select Men 

Thomas Downs i of Berwick 

William Hall 
Berwick Ocf 4"^ 1783 



Petition Settlers on Saco River. 

To the Honorable, the General Court of Massachusetts 

The Petition of the Subscril)ers, Settlers on Saco River 
humbly sheweth. — That there is a Jam of Timber & other 



272 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

drift Stuff across Saco River in Fryeburg one Hundred 

Kods in Length, which ohstructs the Passage of the Water & 
occasions it to lay so long on the Intival Land in the Spring 
as to prevent many of the Inhabitants from putting their 
Seed in the Ground in proper Season; That it has extended 

up the River Sixty Rods v^^ithin Ten Years last past; 

That all the drift Stuff which comes down the River for more 
than Sixty Miles above, stops there which must (if not re- 
moved) in Time prove the Destruction of a considerable part 
of the Property of the Town; that the Upland in general is 
very poor, consequently the Inhabitants will be unable to pay 
his Taxes, & if prevented from being so useful to the Publick 
as might be expected ; That there is a great Quantity of 
Timber in the State of JSFewhampshire, as well as this Com- 
monwealth which might l)e turned into the River if the jam 
was removed, to the Advantage of the Inhabitants, and as it 
would go to the Mills at Biddeford & Pepperellborough would 
advance the Trade of this Commonwealth; That the Great 
Falls damages the Timber & often detains a great part of it 
from going down the River for a Year or Two, which might 
1)0 prevented by blowing the Rocks & digging of them, That 
the Inhabitants arc unable to accomplish those Purposes, & 
as the Publick would receive considerable Advantages from 
a Removal of those Obstructions, your Petitioners flatter 
themselves, that your Honors will be ready to afford some as- 
sistance for this Purpose, by way of Lottery; Therefore they 
humbly pray that your Honors would take the Matter into 
your wise Consideration & grant Liberty for a Lottery, to 
raise a Sum of Money to be appropriated for the Purposes 
above mentioned & as in Duty bound shall ever pray — 

Richard Eastman, Samuel Murry, George Bean, 

Daniel Farington, Moses Ames, Simeon Hutchinge, 

Ezra Carter, Aaron Abbot, Wright + Allen, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



273 



Ezekiel Walker, 
l^oar Eastman, 
Richard Kimball, 
Joseph Emerv, 
A^ath' Merrill, 
John Walker, 
John Farington, 
Moses Day, 
Abraham Bradley, 
John Walker Jiin'' 
Brownfield October 



Ebenez"" Day, 
Stephen Knight, 
James Parker, 
Benj° Killgore, 
Isaac Abbot, 
H. Y. Brown, 



Vere Boyse, 
Isac Walker, 
Sam' Walker, 
James Osgood, 
Benj Osgood, 
Joseph G Swan, 



Pearson Huntriss, John Dollif, 
Josh B. Osgood, Josiah Dollif, 
John Haley, John Barker. 

Daniel Emerson Cross 
6"^ 1783. 



The Committee appointed upon the Petition of a Number 
of the Inhabitants of Brownfield praying for a Lottery for 
the purpose of removing a jam of Timber &c across Saco 
River, Report that a Bill be brought in for the purpose of 
raising a sum of Money by way of a Lottery for the purpose 
asked for — 



Petition Josiah Brewer. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts To the Honorable the 
Senate & the Hon''"' House of Representatives for said 
Commonwealth in General Court Assembled 

October 17, 1783. 
The Petition of Josiah Brewer of Winslow, in the County 
of Lincoln, Esq. humbly sheweth. That on the twenty seventh 
day of September N. O. one thousand seven hundred and 
seventy nine, your Petitioner was appointed Truck-Master at 
Fort Hallifax on Kennebeck River, and has continued in that 
office and to trade with and supply the Indians in Behalf of 
the Commonwealth till the Eighteenth Day of March last — 
That your Petitioner during the whole Time aforesaid was 
constantly engaged and spent his whole Time in that Busi- 



19 



274 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ness and in delivering ont Rations to the Indians, and was 
often oblidged to hire Assistance, & to procure Sentrys at his 
own Expence to keep the Indians in Subjection & to prevent 
their rushing into the Store — And has been at great Trouble 
and expence in conducting & managing the Business afores"^ 
notwithstanding which, your Petitioner has never yet re- 
ceived any Compensation for his Services aforesaid — Where- 
fore he prays that his Account (hereto annexed) for his said 
Services, as also the Sum of Twenty one pounds which he 
paid one Timothy Hudson for taking Care of the Truck 
House and trading with the Indians, while your Petitioner 
was gone to Rhode-Island with five Indian Chiefs to see the 
French Army & to have a Conference with the French Gen- 
eral by Order of the Council, may be allowed him ; and your 
Petitioner as in Duty bound &c 

Josiah Brewer 

Account Josiah B reiver. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts To Josiah Brewer D'' 

To My Service as Truckmaster at Fort Hall if ax from the 
27"^ day of Sepf 1779. To the 18 day of March 1783 being 
45 Months and 7 days @ £12- p"" Month — Is — £540 

1780 — To Cash paid Timothy Hudson by Receipt for 
Taking Care of the Truck house, and doing the Business 
thereof While I was gone to Rhoad Island With five Indian 
Chiefs To View the French Army, and to have a Conference 
with the French General as p"" Order of Council 70 days @ 
6/- Total £561..— 

Errors Excepted — 

Mem° Josiah Brewer 
Boston Octo-" 3rM783 — 

Never hearing of any Dismission from y^ 17**" Oct" by 
resolve but Continued till the IS*** day of March following 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 275 

doing duty as usual uiitill there was an Order from the 
Comissary General to deliver up what stores there was re- 
maining On hand. Which I did to the Amount of Two Hun- 
dred pounds Lawful money which he did on said IS*** day 
of March w''*' he has a right to be allowed for as pay 

Jos i ah Brewer 



Action on PclUion William Lcnnond. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Ocf 18, 1783 
On the petition of William Lermond praying that his land 
(which is divided by the line running between Thomas Town 
and Warren) may be so far altered as that the whole of his 
land may be anncx'd to the Town of Warren Ordered that 
the petitioner William Lermond notify the Inhabitants of 
the town of Thomas Town to appear and shew cause if any 
they have why the prayer of said petition should not be 
granted on the second tuesday of the next sitting of this 
Court, by serving the Town clerk of the said Thomas Town 
with a copy of his petition and this order of court — thereon, 
thirty days at least before the said second tuesday 
Sent up for concurrence 

Tristram Dalton Spk' 
In Senate Oct^ 18*" 1783 
Read and Concurred 

S Adams Presid' 



An Act Relating to Titles. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and 
eighty three 



270 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

An Act for inquiring into the Title and taking care of 
the Land of the Commonwealth within the late Province of 
Main 

Whereas there is a Vast tract of Territory Extending from 
the month of the River Piscataqna on the Sea Shore to the 
Eiver Saint Croix and from the sea extending back ISTorther- 
ly & ISTorth-Westerly to the Line of the British Province of 
Canada or qnebec and bounded Easterly on the Province of 
ISTova Scotia, and Westerly & Southwesterly on the State of 
New Hampshire which Territory excepting such small parts 
thereof as before the Year one Thousand six hundred and 
ninety two were granted to other Persons than to this Gov- 
ernment by the Crown of great Britain or since that Time 
by this Government under the Title of the Province of Massa- 
chusetts Bay is now the real property of this Commonwealth 
and it being necessary that proper attention should be paid to 
the same that it may be a source for raising money to be 
employed in discharge of the Debts' accumulated by the late 
war 

Be it therefore Enacted by the Senate and hovise of Repre- 
sentatives in general Court assembled and by the authority 
of the same that if any person shall Cut down fell destroy or 
carry any tree within the Limits aforesaid standing or grow- 
ing on the land of this Commonwealth such person shall for- 
feit and pay to the Use of the said Commonwealth the sum 
of Forty Shillings for every tree of the bigness of one foot 
diameter and half that Sum for every tree of Lesser dimen- 
sions and that any person who shall carry off any wood or 
underwood from the Land of the Commonwealth within the 
Limits aforesaid shall forfeit and pay to the use of the Com- 
monwealth three times the value of such wood or under wood 

Provided that nothing in this Act Shall Extend to Lessen 
the penalty for Cutting pine trees as provided by an Act 
passed this present Session 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 277 

and be it further enacted that Three Commissioners be 
appointed by joint ballot of both Houses to Superintend the 
Same Lands belonging to the State within the Limits afore- 
said, and they are also impowered to bring an action or 
Actions against any person or persons for Cutting any tree 
or trees or carrying off any wood or underwood as aforesaid 
on the Land of the Commonwealth before described and by 
an Action of Trespass l)rought in their names as agents to 
the Commonwealth & to the use of the same to recover the 
penalty provided by this Act against any person or persons 
who shall Trespass the same Lands as aforesaid 

and the said Commissioners are also hereby empowered to 
bring any Action of Ejectment or other real action in their 
Capacity aforesaid to recover for the use of the said Common- 
wealth any Tract of Land within the Limits aforesaid not 
granted to private persons as aforesaid 

And it is also Enacted that if either of the agents afore- 
said shall resign or shall die the right of prosecuting any 
Action then pending in their names shall Survive to the 
others, and those persons who shall be from time to time ap- 
pointed by the General Court on the said Committee shall 
have the same powers as those named in this Act. 

Provided nevertheless that if the said Agents shall bring 
any Action for the Recovery of Land without the orders of 
the Legislature they shall bear the expence thereof themselves 

And it is also Enacted that the said Committee shall have 
authority to appear by an Attorney appointed in the same 
manner as other persons may appear by Attorney, and shall 
as soon as may be procure and lay before the General Court 
a Plan of the Territory aforesaid from some of the best plans 
now Extant of the same and shall delineate thereon from 
Time to time the real Property of Private persons within the 
said Territory, 

And the Said Committee shall also have full power to 



278 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Enter in behalf of the Commonwealth upon any Land within 
the Limits afores'^ belonging to the same, and to lease the 
same for any Term not exceeding three years 

Provided that no lease by them made Shall Justify the 
Cutting of any Trees on the Land Leased or to be abar to the 
penalty provided in this Act for Trespassing on the Land 
of the Government — 

And the said Committee Shall as soon as may be State to 
the General Court the Several Claims of Individuals within 
the Territory aforesaid, the proper Extent of such Claims, 
the quantity Claimed distinguishing the Legal Claims from 
those to which the persons claiming Pretend 
In the House of Ptepresentatives Oct° 23'^ 1783 

This Bill having had three several Readings passed to be 
Engrossed 

Sent up for concurrence 

Tristram Dalton Spk"" 
In Senate Oct 24, 1783 
Read the first time 

Further Resolve Relating to Foregoing. 

Oct^ 28'"^ 1783 
Whereas the Committee who were appointed by a Resolve 
of the General Court of May first 1781 for examining into 
all Trespasses and illegal entries on the unappropriated 
Lands belonging to this Commonwealth cannot execute the 
business that may arise in all the Eastern Countries with 
necessary dispatch — It is the opinion of your Committee 
that the last mentioned Committee be excused from attending 
to any concerns that may fall within their Commission in 
the County of Lincoln and that a Committee be appointed 
specially for the said County of Lincoln to do and execute 
all that in the said County which the Committee appointed 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 279 

by the Resolve aforesaid were impowered to do and execute 
in the said County of Lincoln ^ 

Resolved that the Committee appointed by a Resolve of 
the General Court of May the first 1781 for examining into 
all Trespasses and illegal Entries on the unappropriated 
Lands belonging to this Conmionwealth be enjoined to com- 
pleat without delay in the Counties of York and Cumberland 
the business assigned them by said Resolve and one other Re- 
solve of June the eleventh 1783 — and the said Committee 
be and they are hereby directed to lay out one or more Town- 
ships in the County of Cumberland if they shall judge it 
expedient and make Report of the same at the next sessions 
of the General Court 

Resolved that the aforesaid Committee be and they are 
hereby discharged of any further execution of their Com- 
mission in the said County of Lincoln and no further — 

Resolved that a Committee to consist of three Persons be 
appointed for the purpose of doing and executing all that in 
the said County 

Thomas Mifflin to Governor in re Treaty of Paris. 

Philadelphia November 23'"'' 1783 
Sir 

I have the honor to inform you, that ]\P Thaxter, private 
Secretary to M"" Adams, arrived last night from France; 
being dispatched by our Ministers at paris, with the defini- 
tive Treaty between America and Great Britain ; which was 
signed on the third day of September — 

I beg leave to congratulate your Excellency on this great 
event & remain with much respect & Esteem 

Your Excellency's ob' hble Serv* 

Thomas ]\fifflin 
His Excellency The Governor of Massachusetts 



280 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Affidavits. 

Warren December ^'^ 1783 
We John Willie and John Watson of Lawful age Testify 
And say that on this Eight Day of December We Saw Wil- 
liam Lermond of Warren Serve the acting town Clerk (the 
Regular Chosen Clerk being at Sea) with a Copy a pettion 
and order of Court for having his Land Lying in Thomas 
town Annext to Warren 

John Willie, John Watson 
Warren December the 8 1783 

Then the above Xamed John Willie and John Watson per- 
sonally appeard and mad oath to above Deposition by taken 
and subscribed Before me 

Patrick Pepble Just, of Pease 

Certificate hi Favor Joseph Marquand. 

Boston Septem. 24, 1783 
This Certifies, 

That the sum of One thousand five hundred & thirty eight 
Pounds, five shillings & seven pence, including Interest, is 
due to Mr. Joseph Marquand, for the Balance of his three 
sixteenth parts of the armed Ship Monmouth lost on the Ex- 
pedition to Penobscott in the year 1779 — which Sum when 
paid will be in full for the same — £1538 .5.7 

Thomas Ivers \ Com'^® for Audit^ the Ace'® 

Peter Eoe Dalton \ of the late Board of War 

In Council Sepf 25'*^ 1783. 

R"^ & Advised that a W' be drawn on the Treasury in full 

of the above Certificate agreeable to Resolve of 28^'^ Jan'' 

1782. 

John Avery Sec'' 

His Excellency the Governor & the Hon. the Council of the 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts — 



OF TJIE STATE OF MAINE 281 

Certificate in Favor Ezekiel Tarhox. 

Boston Sepf 25. 1783 
This Certifies 

That the Sam of Fifteen Pounds, seven shillings & two 

pence, including Interest, is due to Ezekiel Tarbox, for his 

service as Master of the Schooner Nancy, a Transport lost 

on the Expedition to Penobscott in the year 1779 which sum 

when paid will be in full — £15 .7.2 

Thomas Ivers \ Com'''^ for Audit^ the Acc*^ 

Peter Roe Ualton \ of the late Board of War 

In Council Sept 27"" 1783 

Advised that a W* be drawn on the Treasury to Discharge 
this Certificate 

John Avery Sec^ 

His Excellency the Governor & the Hon'''^ the Council of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

Certificate in Favor Elias Haskell Derby. 

Boston October 1^* 1783 
This Certifies 

That the Sum of Five hundred & fifty Six pounds, Xine 

Shillings, for part of the Armed Ship Black 

prince, lost on the Expedition to Penobscott in the Year 

1779. and One hundred & forty One pounds. Six Shillings, 

for Interest thereon Amounting to the Sum of Six Hundred 

& Ninety Seven pounds, fifteen shillings, is due to Elias 

Haskell Derby which when paid to Benj'' Goodhue Esq"" will 

be for the same — £697 .. 15 .. 

Thomas Ivers \ Commitee for Auditing 

Peter Roe Dalton \ the Accounts of the late Board of War. 

His Excellency the Governor, and the Hon'''*' the Council of 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. — 



282 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

In Council Ocf 9 1783 

Advised that a Warrant be drawn on the Treas'' in full 

Discharge of this Certificate 

John Avery Secy 



Certificate m Favor Ellas H. Derby. 

Boston Oct" 6, 1783 
This Certifies 

That the sum of seven hundred & forty eight Pounds, six- 
teen shillings & four pence, for one fourteenth & one hun- 
dredth & thirty second parts of the arm'd ship Hector, lost 
on the Exped" to Penobscott in the year 1779, and one hun- 
dred & ninety pounds, six shillings & four pence for Interest 
thereon to the first Ins* amounting to the sum of Nine hun- 
dred & thirty nine pounds two shillings & eight pence, is due 
to Elias H. Derby, which when paid to Benj* Goodhue Esq"" 
will be in full for the same — £ 939 .2.8 

Thomas Ivers | Coni''^^ for Aud^ the Acc'^ of 
Peter Roe Dalton \ the late Board of War 

His ExcelP the Governor & the Hon. the Council of the Com- 
monw*'' of Mass'^ 

In Council Oct 9 1783 

Advised that a Warrant be drawn on the Treasury in full 

of this Certificate — 

John Avery Sec^ 

Certificate in Favor Elias Hashell Derby. 

Boston October 1'* 1783 
This Certifies 

That the Sum of Two thousand and Thirty One pounds 

three Shillings for part of the Armed Brig"" Defence 

Lost on the Expedition to Penobscott in the year 1779, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 283 

and Five hundred and Sixteen pounds, five Shillings for 

Interest thereon Amounting to the sum of Two thousand, 

Five hundred & Forty seven pounds. Eight shillings is due 

to Elias Haskell Derhy — which when paid to Benj'* Goodue 

Esq. will be in full for the same.— £2547 .. 8 .. 

™, -r \ Commitee for Auditing 

ihomas ivers J 

_, -r^ TA T > the Accounts of the late 
Feter Koe JJaJton ( 

/ Board of War. 

His Excellency the Governor, & the Hon''''' the Council of 

the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

In Council Oct^ 9, 1783. 

Advised That a Warrant be drawn on the Treas^ in full 

of this Certificate 

John Avery Secy. 



Certificate in Favor Jon"- Gardner 3^^. 

Boston October 1^' 1783 
This Certifies 

That the Sum of One hundred, & sixty three pounds, four 

shillings, for part of the Armed Ship Black Prince, 

lost on the Expedition to Penobscott in the year 1779. & 
Forty One pounds Xine shillings and Two pence, for Inter- 
est thereon Amounting to the Sum of Two hundred, and 
four pounds, thirteen shillings, and Two pence, is due to 
Jon^ Gardner 3'' which when paid to Benj'' Goodhue Esq. 
will be in full for the same £204 .. 13 .. 2 

Committee for Auditing 



Peter Roe Dalton , , . r ^ -i 

I the Accounts oi the late 

Ihomas Ivers ) ^ ^ j- ^^^ 

I Board oi W ar. 

His Excellency the Governor, and the Hon''"' the Council of 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 



284 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

111 CWncil Ocf 9 1783 

Advised that a Warrant ])e drawn on the Treasury in full 

Discharge of this Certificate 

John Avery Sec^ 



Certificate in Favor Ellas Haskell Derby. 

Boston Ocf 1^' 1783 

This Certifies 

That the Sum of Three thousand, Five hundred, and thirty 

three pounds, Six shillings, and three pence for 

part of the Armed Ship Hunter lost on the Expedition to 

Penobscott in the Year 1779, and Eight hundred & Ninety 

Eight pounds, and Eleven pence, for Interest thereon 

Amounting to the Sum of Four thousand. Four hundred, & 

thirty One pounds. Seven Shillings and Two pence, is due 

to Elias Haskell Derby which when paid to Benj'' Goodhue 

will be in full for the same. £4431 .. 7 .. 2 

Thomas Ivers I Commitee for Auditing 

Peter Roe Dalton \ Accounts of the Late Board of War 

His Excellency the Governor, and the Hon'ble the Council 

of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 
In Council Oct' 9 1783 

Advised that a Warrant be drawn on the Treasury in full 
Discharge of this Certificate 

John Avery Sec^ 

Certificate in Favor Elias H. Derby. 

Boston October V 1783 
This Certifies 

That the Sum of Four hundred, & thirty four pounds, 

Nineteen Shillings, for part of the Armed Ship 

Black Prince, lost on the Expedition to Penobscott in the 



OF THE STATE OF MAI^'E 285 

Year 1779, and One hundred & Ten pounds, Eleven Shillings 

& Ten pence, for Interest thereon Amounting to the sum 

Five hundred, and forty five pounds, Ten shillings, and Ten 

pence, is due to Elias H Derby which when paid to Benj'' 

Goodhue Esq. will be in full for the same. £545 .. 10 ,. 10 

rr., T \ Commitee for Auditine; 

Ihomas Ivors ^i a j. r J.^ i f^ 

-P, , r^ ^. 1, ) the Accounts oi the late 

Teter Koe Dal ton -r, i /< tTT 

I lioard 01 VVar 

His Excellency the Governor, and Hon**'^ the Council of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

In Council Ocf 9 1783 

Advised that a Warrant be drawn on the Treasury in full 

of the above Certificate 

John Avery Secy 

Certificate in Favor Stephen Higginson. 

Boston Octo 9. 1783. 
This Certifies 

That the sum of Three hundred & twenty six pounds, four 
shillings, for part of the arm'd ship Black prince lost on the 
Expedition to Penobscot in the year 1779 — and eighty two 
pounds, eighteen shillings & two pence for Interest due there- 
on to the first Instant, both sums amounting to Four hun- 
dred & nine pounds, two shillings & two pence, is due Stephen 
Higginson Esq. which when paid to George Williams Esq 
will be in full for the same — £409 .2.2 

Thomas Ivers ] Com*'"'' for Audit*^ the Ace'' 

Peter Roe Dalton \ of the late Board of War 

llis Excellency the Governor, & the Hon. the Council of the 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

In Council Ocf 13"^ 1783 

Advised that a Warrant be drawn on the Treasury in full 

Discharge of this Certificate 

John Avery Sec'' 



286 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Certificate Tr-istrain Dalton. 

Boston 1=^' October 1783 — 
This Certifies, 

That the sum of Eight hundred & forty six Pounds, six 
shillings & two pence, for one eighth part of the Arm'd Ship 
Monmouth, lost on the Expedition to Penobscot in the year 
1779 — and two hundred & fifteen Pounds, two shillings & 
one penny for Interest thereon — amounting to the sum of 
One thousand & sixty one Pounds, eight shillings & three 
pence is due to the Hon. Tristram Dalton Esq"" which when 
paid will be in full for the same £1061 .8.3 

Thomas Ivors | Com*'^^ for Auditing the A/c*' 

Peter Roe Dalton ( of the late Board of War. 

His Excellency the Governor, & the Hon. the Council of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

In Council Oct^ 13. 1783 

Advised that a Warrant be drawn on the Treasury in full 
Discharge of this Certificate 

John Avery Sec'' 



Certificate in Favor Joseph Barrell. 

Boston Septem. 26. 1783. 
This Certifies, 

That the sum of Six hundred & thirty four Pounds, four- 
teen shillings & nine pence, for three thirty-second parts of 
the Arm'd ship Vengeance, lost on the Expedition to Penob- 
scott in the year 1779. & one hundred & fifty eight Pounds, 
thirteen shillings & three pence, for Interest thereon — 
amounting to Seven hundred & ninety three Pounds eight 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 287 

shillings — is due to Joseph Barrell, which sum when paid 

will be in full for the same — £793.8 

Thomas Ivers } Com'*'^ for auditing the 

Peter Roe Dalton ( Acc*^ of the late Board of War 

His Excellency the Governor, & the Hon. the Council of the 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

In Council Ocf 13^'^ 1783 

Advised that a Warrant be drawn on the Treasury in full 
Discharge of this Certificate — 

John Avery Sec^ 



Certificaie in Favor Benjamin Lovett Jr. 

Boston Octo 9. 1783 
This Certifies 

That the sum of Three hundred & twenty six pounds, four 

shillings, for part of the Arm'd ship Black-prince, lost on 

the Expedition to Penobscot in the year 1779 — and eighty 

two pounds, eighteen shillings & two pence, for Interest due 

thereon to the first Instant both sums amounting to four 

hundred &; nine pounds, two shillings & two pence, is due to 

Benjamin Lovett Jun'' which when paid to George Williams 

Esq^ will be in full for the same — £409 .2.2 

Thomas Ivers } Com'"*" for Audit^ the Acc'^ 

Peter Roe Dalton \ of the late Board of War 

His ExcelF the Governor & the Hon. the Council of the 

Commonw*'' of Massachusetts — 

In Council Oct^ 13'^ 1783 

Advised that a Warrant be drawn on the Treasury in full 
Discharge of this Certificate — 

John Avery Sec'' 



288 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Certificate in Favor George Cabot. 

Boston Octo. 9. 1783 
This Certifies 

That the sum of One hundred & sixty three Pounds, two 
shillings, for part of the Arm'd ship Black Prince lost on the 
Expedition to Penobscott in the year 1779. and forty one 
pounds, nine shillings & one penny for Interest thereon to 
the first Instant, both sums amounting to Two hundred & 
four pounds eleven shillings & tv/o pence, is due to George 
Cabot which when paid to George Williams Esq"" will be in 
full for the same— £204.. 11 . 12 

Thomas Ivors \ Com*'' for Audit^ the Acco*^ of 

Peter Roe Dalton \ the late Board of War. 
His Excellency the Governor & the Hon the Council of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

In Council Oct^ IS**" 1783 

Advised that a Warrant be drawn on the Treas^ in full 
Discharge of this Certificate 

John Avery Sec^ 



Certificate in Favor John Lovett. 

Boston Octo 9, 1783 
This Certifies 

That the sum of Two hundred & seventeen pounds, nine 
shillings & four pence, for part of the Ship Black prince, 
lost on the Expedition to Penobscott in the year 1779. and 
Fifty-five pounds, five shillings & five pence for Interest due 
thereon to the first Instant, both sums amounting to Two 
hundred & seventy two pounds, fourteen shillings & nine 



OF THE STATE OF ]MAINE 289 

pence, is due to John Lovctt, which when paid to George 

Williams Esq"" will be in full for the same — £272 . 14. 9 

Thomas Ivers | Acc'^ of the late Board of War. 

Peter Roe Dal ton ( Com**^^ for auditing the 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

His Excellency the Governor, & the Hon. the Council of the 

In Council (3cf 13"' 1783 

Advised that a Warrant be drawn on the Treasury in full 

Discharge of this Certificate — 

John Avery Sec'' 



Certificate in Favor John Gardner Jr. 

Boston Octo. 9. 1783 
This Certifies 

That the sum of One hundred k twenty seven Pounds, one 
shilling & seven pence half penny, for part of the Arm'd 
ship Black prince, lost on Expedition to Penobscott in the 
year 1779, and thirty two Pounds, nine Shillings & eight 
pence half penny, for Interest thereon to the first Instant, 
both sums amounting to One hundred & fifty nine pounds, 
eleven shillings & four pence, is due to John Gardner Jun"" 
which when paid to George AA'illiams Esq*" will be in full 
for the same — £159 .11.4 

Thomas Ivers \ Com""' for Audit^ the Acc'^ of the 

Peter Roe Dalton \ late Board of War — 

His Excellency the Governor & the Hon. the Council of the 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Council Oct^ 14^'^ 1783 

Advised that a Warrant be drawn on the Treas^ in full 

of this Certificate — 

John Avery Sec' 

20 



290 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Certificate in Favor Andrew Cabot. 

Boston 6*'' Octo. 1783 
This Certifies 

That the sum of Three thousand, three hundred & eighty 
five Pounds, four shillings k nine pence, for one half of the 
Arm'd Brig* Defence, appurt^ k" lost on the Expedition to 
Penobscott in the year 1779 — and the sum of eight hun- 
dred & sixty Pounds, eight shillings & two pence, for Interest 
thereon to the first Instant, both sums amounting to Four 
thousand two hundred & forty five Pounds, twelve shillings 
& eleven pence, is due to Andrew Cabot Esq. which when 
paid will be in full for the same — £4245 . 12 . 11 

Thomas Ivers \ Com*''^ for auditing the Acco*^ 

Peter Roe Daltou \ of the late Board of War 
His Excellency the Governor & the Hon. the Council of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Council Oct^ 14 1783 

Advised that a Warrant be drawn on the Treasury in full 
Discharge of this Certificate. John Avery Sec'' 

Certificate iii Favor Jonathan Peele. 

Boston 14 Octo. 1783 
This Certifies 

That the sum of Five hundred & thirty one Pounds eleven 
shillings & five pence, is due to Joseph Sprague, for the 
Balance due to him, for his eleventh part of the arm'd Ship 
Hector, lost on the Expedition to Penobscott in the year 
1779. which sum when paid to Jonathan Peele will be in full 
for the same — £531 . 11 . 5 

Thomas Ivers ) the A/c*' of the late Board of War. 

Peter Roe Dalton \ Com*'" for Audit^ 
His Excellency the Governor & the Hon. the Council of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 



OF TIIK STATE OF MAINE 291 

In Council 21^' October 1783 

Advised that a Warrant be drawn on the Treasury in full 

Discharge of this Certificate — 

John Avery Sec^ 



Obiter cat ions on Public Men. 

General Washington. 

Soon the Protector of America. A deep endless ambition, 
too thinly veiled to escape the penetration of some of those 
who saw him constantly in the various scenes of this Revo- 
lution, who saw him behind the Couliese, as well as upon 
the Stage, makes the basis of the character of this man, who 
has forever inscribed his name in the annals of the world ; 
great, not by shining talents, but by a happy concurrence of 
circumstances, a good useful understanding, an unwearied 
passive perseverance, the mediocrity of all his competitors, 
& the ... or ... of his antagonists. Genius it seems 
is not the growth of this western world, k even when imported 
droops and dies under this unfavoralile Sky: ^Fay this be 
as it will, Genius it seems was not the lot of Washington. 
Without a spark of imagination, enthusiasm or that torrent 
of talent that carries everything before it, cold, deliberate, 
slow, patient, persevering, he now finds himself elevated to 
a pitch of grandeur he never dream'd of, and would not even 
now grasp at the supreme power, if, to obtain it, he must as 
Cromwell, surround the State House and tell them, "begone, 
the Lord you seek has left this place." But no such exertion 
will be required. The nation is sick of Congress, they speak 
of them with the utmost contempt : Congress themselves 
are tired of their situation, the unpopularity of which they 
feel even in the Streets of Princeton, & which is neither 
lucrative, nor honorable, nor durable enough to attach them. 



292 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

I know that they all expect, and that most of them wish a 
revolution. 

This revolution is near at hand, hut I do not venture to af- 
firm that it will affect all America ; there is an opposition to 
it in Congress (a weak one I l:)elieve in numbers and power, 
though not in abilities for I think Thompson is not at the 
head of it) besides, all the Eastern provinces oppose it, but 
their joint endeavours cannot entirely prevent it. The junto 
of Washington, Witherspoon, Marbois & the Cincinnati, be- 
sides the clear majority in Congress, & I am confident a 
majority of the people at large, will certainly carry the point. 
Congress. 

ISTever was this Areopagus of America composed of men so 
little respectable either by their abilities, family, or fortune; 
they are so conscious of it themselves, that they retire from 
the Eye of the Traveller, to hide their weakness and poverty ; 
but none of them seems more fearful to expose the mock 
Majesty of his public Character by a knowledge of his private 
one, than their President, Mr. Wilson it is generally thought 
will be nominated his Successor, but will not accept of it. 
His ostensible reason for declining this office is his business ; 
but his real one perhaps, that he would lose his influence by 
becoming the Speaker of this Senate, that is to say the only 
man in it that never speaks at all. He is generally thought 
a French Pensioner, and Ifan of abilities. 

Maryland is most likely to become the residence of Congress, 
as that State has made the largest offers. This certainly 
must be an object with men, half a dozen of whom used, even 
at Philadelphia, to live together wath their Families, in a 
paltry boarding house. At Princeton they certainly will not 
remain. I heard the objection stated that Baltimore was too 
warm, but the answer was, "by the time the weather grows 
warm Congress will sit nowhere. The scene of this con- 
versation was a Tavern. 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 293 

Their High Mightinesses themselves acknowledge that they 
have no power at all, and that their situation is hard indeed, 
for being hated on account of their impotence. But they 
deny that the persecution of the loyalists springs from this 
fountain: The majority of Congress is for this cruel 
measure. 
Dr. Witherspoon 

An account of the present face of things in America, would 
be very defective indeed, if no mention was made of this 
political firebrand, who perhaps had not a less share in the 
revolution than Washington himself. He poisons the minds 
of his young Students, and through them the Continent. He 
is the intimate friend of the General, and had I no other 
arguments to support my ideas of Washington's designs, I 
think his intimacy wdth a man of so different a character 
from his own, (for Washington's private one is perfectly 
amiable) would justify my suspicions. The commencement 
was a favorable opportunity of conveying certain sentiments 
to the public at large (for even women were present) which 
it now becomes important to make them familiar with. This 
farce was evidently introductory of the Drama that is to 
follow. 

The great maxim which this commencement was to estab- 
lish, was the following, "A time may come in every Re- 
public, and that may be the case with America, when Anarchy 
makes it the duty of the man who has the majority of the 
people with him, to tak(j the helm into his own bands, in 
order to save his Country, and the person who opposes him 
deserves the utmost revenge of his nation, deserves - - - 
to be sent to Nova Scotia. Vox populi, vox dei." 

These w^ere the very words of the Moderator, who decided 
on the question, was Brutus justifiable in killing Cicsar ? 
either they thought us all that heard them blockheads, or 
they were not afraid of avowing their designs. This was 



294 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

plainer English still than the pactum confederationis of the 
Cincinati. 

When the young man, who with a great deal of passionate 
eloquence defended his favorite Brutus, extolled the virtue 
©f the man who could stab even his Father when attempting 
the liberties of his Country, I thought I saw Washington's 
face clouded, he did not dare to look the Orator in the face, 
who stood just before him, but with downcast look seemed 
wishing to hide the impression, which a subject that touched 
him so near, had I thought very visibly made in his counte- 
nance. But we are so apt to read in the face what we sup- 
poses passes in the heart, may be that this was the case with 
me. But if ever what I suspect should happen, I shall thiflk 
that moment one of the most interesting ones of my life. 
The orations of the younger boys were full of the coarsest 
invectives against British tyranny. I will do Mr. Wither- 
spoon the justice to think, he was not the author of them, for 
they were too poor indeed; besides, they evidently conveyed 
different sentiments; there was one of them not unfavorable 
to liberal sentiments even towards Britons. But upon the 
whole it is but just to suppose that Witherspoon had read 
them all. 

The Minister of France was not present tho' expected, but 
I have a right to think that all, or almost all the Members of 
Congress, and all the Cincinnati then in the neighbourhood 
assisted at this entertainment. The Cincinnati sat together 
en Corps. 
The French Minister & French Gold. 

Of all the men France could have chosen the most im- 
proper. One would think the Court of London had had the 
appointment of this French Minister, and that of Versailles 
the nomination of some of our . . . Even if Mr. de la 
Luzerne was possessed of all the abilities he wants (and then 
he would be a most able man indeed) his petty, national, and 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 295 

nobility pride, and his former residence at the pragmatical 
Court of Miimicken, would have entirely disqualified him 
for his present Station. What do you think of the scavoir 
faire of a French Ambassador at Philadelphia, who remains 
an entire Stranger to many and has affronted all the members 
of Congress on account of a punctilio of etiquette; who in- 
vites the Americans to his house to entertain them there with 
the condescendance of a French Lord of the Manor who gives 
a feast to his tenants, who leaves the Supper table when the 
company are just seated to pay a visit at half after ten at 
I^ight, to the charming . . . and who hy every look, 
word or action, tells the Inhabitants of America, Vous ete 
de la Canaille, et moi je suis Baron Francois. 

This picture is not too high coloured, had you patience and 
I leisure I might finish it still higher; but this I think is 
sufficient. 

Marbois, the soul of that Embassy, possesses every talent 
the other wants ; that of pleasing excepted. You plainly see, 
the moment he enters the room that he passed his life at the 
Bar of Colmar ; stiff, formal, cold, polite, grave, he puts 
everybody upon his guard, without being upou his own. A 
Frenchman is indiscreet because he is a Frenchman, but 
never more so than when the honor of his Nation is at Stake. 
Their grand aim was to prove that they had done all, and 
the Americans nothing. These they represented as an in- 
dolent, apathie, stupid, happy set of beings. If we believe 
them, the Sun spent all his genial influence in the East to 
form the fiery frenchman, before he reached this western 
Hemisphere. Incredible as this open contempt of the Nation 
they protect, seems to be, and impolitic as it is, to make it the 
common subject of their conversation at table yet I heard 
myself the maxim laid down there once, leurs femes sont 
des anges, et les hommes des betes. 

All this the Americans know full well and gratefully re- 



13 9 G DOCUMENTARY IIISTOKY 

turn the Compliment. The French interest extends not an 
inch further than their Gold, who is not paid to speak well 
of them, detests them. The Father trembles for his daugh- 
ter, and the Husband for his Wife ; for such is the influence 
of French manners already, that both have some reason to 
tremble. Some say they dread French atheism, and it is 
their Religion they fear for. But the fact is they do not, 
for Religion they have none. But a more just and general 
complaint is, that French luxury, which begins to pervade 
all ranks of people, will ruin a poor Republic, whose exports 
are not one half of its imports ; but this field is too wide, and 
I have already trespassed too long on your patience. Give 
me leave only to add one word more, & that is, that I am per- 
fectly convinced that it would be very easy for a British Am- 
bassador to ruin the French interest in this Country. I do 
not mean only . . . Send a man of a social turn who can 
stoop to conquer, but let this man be a man of rank, for pride 
is after all the bosom passion of the Americans. French 
stiffness and formality will be no match for British Hos- 
pitality, nor French Gold for good old Madeira Wine. If 
a Minister of this turn had an intelligent Secretary, Mons"" 
de la Luzerne would be undone. 
In Sir Guy Carleton's 

:N'o. 114 — of the 13th Octo^ 1783. 

Certificate in Favor John Fish. 

Boston October 14^"^ 1783 
This Certifies 

That the sura of One hundred & sixty two pounds three 

Shillings, for my 48"^ part of the Armed Ship Hunter, lost 

on the Expedition to Penobscott in the year 1779. and Forty 

One pounds, four shillings & three pence for Interest thereon 

to y® 1^' Ins* Amounting to the Sum of Two hundred & three 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 297 

pounds, Seven shillings & three pence, is due to John Fisk 
which when paid will be in full for the same — £203 .. 7 .. 3 

Thomas Ivers } Conunetee for Auditing the 
Peter Eoe Dalton ( Acco*^ of the late Board of War. 

His Excellency the Governor, & the Hon'ble the Council of 
the Commonwealth of jMassachusetts 

In Council Ocf 21. 1783 

Read & Advised that a Warrant be drawn on the Treasury 
for £203.. 7.. 3 in full of this Certificate 

Attest John Avery Sec^ 



Certificate in Favor Jonathan Peele. 

Boston October 14'" 1783 — 
This Certifies 

That the sum of One hundred & sixty two pounds, three 
shillings, for 48^'^ part of the Armed Ship Hunter, lost on 
the Expedition to Penobscott in the year 1779. and Forty 
One pounds, four shillings & three pence for Interest thereon 
to the V^ Instant, Amounting to the Sum of Two hundred & 
three pounds, seven shillings & three pence, is due to Jona- 
than Peele, which when paid will be in full for the same. — 
£203.. 7.. 3 

Thomas Ivers } Commetee for Audit^ the 

Peter Roe Dalton \ Acco*^ of the late Board of War. 

His Excellency the Governor, & the Hon'ble the Council of 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Council Ocf 21. 1783 

Advised that a Warrant be drawn on the Treas'' in full 
Discharge of this Certificate 

John Avery Sec^ 



298 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Certificate in Favor John Fisl\ 

Boston Ocf 14''' 1783 
This Certifies 

That the sum of One hnndred & Eighty four ponnds, 
Twelve shillings & seven pence for my part of the Armed 
Ship Hector, lost on the Expedition to Penobscott in the year 
1779, and Forty Six pounds, Eighteen Shillings and five 
pence for Interest thereon to y^ V^ Instant. Amounting to the 
sum of Two hundred & thirty One pounds, Eleven shillings, 
is due to John Fisk, which when paid will be in full for the 
same. £231. 11. .0 

Thomas Ivors | Commetee for Auditing the 
Peter Roe Dalton ( Accounts of the late Board of War 

His Excellency the Governor, & the Hon"^ the Council of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Council October 21 1783 

Advised that a Warrant be drawn on the Treas^ for 
£231 .. 11 .. in full of this Certificate 

John Avery Sec^ 



Certificate in Favor John Gardner Jr. 

Boston October 14"^ 1783 
This Certifies, 

That the sum of Eight hundred & Sixty One pounds, thir- 
teen shillings & seven pence for my 1/11 part of the Armed 
Ship Hector, lost on the Expedition to Penobscott in the year 
1779. and Two hundred & Nineteen pounds One shilling & 
Two pence for Interest thereon to V^ Instant, Amounting to 
the sum of One thousand k Eighty pounds, fourteen shillings 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 299 

& Nine pence, is due to John Gardner Jim'' which when paid 
will be in full for the same — £1080 .. 14.. 9 

Thomas Ivers | Commetee for Auditing the 
Peter Roe Dal ton ( Accounts of the late Board of War 

His Excellency the Governor, «Si the Ilon'ble the Council of 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts — 

In Council Ocf 21. 1783 

Advised that a Warrant Ije drawn on the Troas^ in full 
Discharge of this Certificate 

John Avery Sec^ 



Certificate in Favor William Nichols et al. 

Boston October 15. 1783 
This Certifies 

That the sum of One thousand, six hundred & ninety two 
Pounds, twelve shillings & four pence, for one quarter part 
of the arm'd ship — Monmouth lost on the Expedition to 
Penobscott in the year 1779. and Four hundred & thirty 
pounds four shillings & four pence for Interest due thereon 
to the first Instant, both sums amounting to Two thousand, 
one hundred & twenty two Pounds, sixteen Shillings & six 
pence, is due to Mess" William Nichols & Samuel Batcheldor, 
which when paid will be in full for the same — £2212 . 16 . 6 

Thomas Ivers \ Com'''" for Audit^ the Acc'^ 

Peter Roe Dalton ( of the late Board of War 

His Excellency the Governor & the Hon. the Council of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

In Council Oct^ 21. 1783 

Advised that a Warrant be drawn on the Treasury in full 
Discharge of the within Certificate 



'to 



John Avery Sec^ 



300 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petition from Jnliahitanls of Gouldsboroiujli and Otlier Places. 

To the llon'^"' the Senate and the Hon''''' the House of Kepre- 
sentatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, in 
General Court asseniLled. — 

The Petition of the Inhabitants of Machias, & others be- 
longing to the Eastern part of the County of Lincoln. — 
Humbly Sheweth. — 

That by reason of the extensiveness of this County, we 
have a long time labour'd under many and great difficulties, 
which no other part of this State at present undergoes, & 
which, we presume, your honors have no Idea of; we there- 
fore crave leave to make known our grievances, in hopes of 
obtaining relief. 

We would in the first place inform your honors, that from 
Pownalborough, the Shire Town of this County, it is about 
270 miles, as near as wc can calculate, to the River S' Croix 
at Passamaquaddy, the most extreme part of this County and 
Commonwealth ; by reason of which great distance, we labor 
under the greatest difficulties upon many accounts; and in 
addition to those we formerly experienced, we have now to 
pass by a British Post, (viz' Bagwaduce) which your honors 
may reasonably suppose, is attended with inconveniences not 
a few. Of the difficulties we experience we would mention 
the following. V^ By reason of the distance aforesaid many 
estates lay unsettled; Creditors are kept out of their just 
dues : Minors «Si orphans are unprovided of Guardians ; and 
the heirs cannot obtain a just division of their shares, as it 
would take a small Estate to pay for Administration &c, if 
we must go to Pownalborough therefor. — 

2^ By reason of the distance aforesaid, delinquents have 
gone unpunished, as it would in many cases ruin individuals 
to prosecute or to appear as witnesses, if they must attend at 
the established Courts. — 



OF THE STATE OF ilAINE 301 

o"" Bv reason of the distance aforesaid, in siieing to Pownal- 
borongh Court, tlie l)ills of cost many times surmount the 
del)t: To mention one instance within our knowledge, the 
debt was forty two shillings and the Cost amounted to up- 
wards of Ten pounds. — 

4*'' We are at great charge and trouble even to get a Deed 
recorded, besides running the risque of being taken in pass- 
ing Bagwaduce & losing the deeds, which has been the case. — 

Wherefore we humbly pray, for the reasons aforesaid, that 
your honors would establish a special Judge of Probate of 
Wills & for granting Letters of Administration &c, & for ap- 
pointing Guardians for Minors <& Orphans ; to have Juris- 
diction to the Eastward of Penobscot River: Also to appoint 
a Register of Probate. — That a Court of Special Sessions of 
the peace be established, to have Cognizance to the eastward 
of Penobscot River as aforesaid. — 

That two or more Justices be appointed to try causes to 
the amount of twenty pounds and under, with liberty of ap- 
peal; or, that a Court of (Wnmon pleas 1)e established; to 
have jurisdiction as aforementioned. 

That a Register of Deeds be appointed for said Eastern 
part of said County. And lastly. That one or more of the 
present Justices may be appointed of the Quorum; because 
there are divers cases wherein a single Justice alone, will 
not answer, as in taking Depositions in Perpetuam, & trying 
causes of forcible entry. — 

Should your Honors think proper to indulge us in our re- 
quests, we would beg leave to say further, that the Plantation 
of Machias, is the best situated on many accounts, for the 
holding said Courts &c ; and we pray that they may be estab- 
lished at said place as aforesaid : All which would have the 
utmost tendency to promote peace, harmony & good order; 
Justice would be duly administered, and the oppressed find 
relief. 



302 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

And jour petitioners as in duty bound, will ever pray &c 
October 22*^ 1782 

David Gardner Daniel Stone, Solomon Stone, Aaron Hans- 
com, Stephen Jones, Joel Whitney Nathan Longfellow, W" 
Albee, J Noble Shannon Morris O'Brien George Stillman 
Amos Boynton George Luey David Longfellow, Joseph 
AValles, Jonas Farnsworth Stephen Smith W" Tupper, David 
Gardner Jun"" Peter Talbot, Benj^ Foster John Foster, Levi 
Foster, AVoorden Foster, Stephen Munson Samuel Rich, 
Joseph Manson. 

Petition from Inhabitants of Machias. 

To the Hon"'" the Senate, and the Hon"'' the House of Repre- 
sentatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts — 

A number of the Inhahitants of Machias, and others be- 
longing to the Eastern part of the County of Lincoln, Humbly 
Sheweth, 

That whereas we are informed, a Petition from a number 
of the Inhabitants of this place and the vicinity, has lately 
been preferred to your Honors, praying, (for reasons therein 
mentioned) that a Court of Probate, a Register of Deeds, a 
Court of Common pleas & Sessions may be established at 
Machias ; to have Jurisdiction to the Eastward of Penobscot 
River. As we had not opportunity of seeing said Petition 
before it was sent away, and being now fully acquainted with 
the contents thereof, and having for a long time suffered 
many and great inconveniences from the want of such ar- 
rangements higher than Pownalborough ; we pray your honors 
that the prayer of said Petition may be granted, with this 
addition, that appeals may be had from the Court of Com- 
mon pleas, to the Supreme Judicial Court in Boston, (as was 
usual, from the County of Nantucket) instead of Falmouth ; 
as we could attend at the former place with greater ease and 



OF THE STATE OF :MAIXE 303 

convenience than at the latter — And as in duty bound your 
petitioners will Ever pray &c — 
Machias December IS''' 1782 

Joseph Libbee, Eph™ Chase, M*" Howe Alpheus Poller, 
Jonathan Pineo, John Berry, William Elwell, William Ray, 
Joseph Waller J"", Ja^ Campbell, Benj'' Pettigrow, Edmund 
Stevens. 

In Senate June 12*'' 1783 

Read & thereupon Order'd, that this Petition be com- 
mitted to the Committee of both Houses appointed the 30*'' 
May Ult : ; to take into consideration the Petition of David 
Gardner & others, Inhabitants of Machias, to consider and 
report what is proper to be done thereon 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 

In House of Representatives June 13"" 1783 

Read & concurred 

Tristram Dal ton Spk"" 

Memorial of the Machias Committee, 

To the Hon'''^ Senate & House of Representatives of the 
Commonwealth of ]\rassachusetts 

The Memorial of the Committee Corrispd*^ Inspection & 
Safety of Machias for & in behalf of said Plantation 

Humbly Shcweth 

That some time past a number of the Inhabitants of this 
District & the others adjacent. Petitioned the Hon''"^ Court 
Seting fourth the Distresses the Inhabitants were under by 
reason of the distance they were from the Shiere Town in 
this County and expence & dificulty attending thereon & re- 
questing a Court of Common pleas, a Judge of Probate & 
Register of Deeds might be appointed to be held in this 
place the Hon*"'® Court at that time thought it best to refer 



304 DOCUlMENTAKy HISTORY 

it over to the present session, at the same time Gave in- 
couragement that relief should be Granted, The Inhabitants 
of this district had a legal & fnll meeting the 23*^ of May 
last at which time the matter was again taken into Considera- 
tion, when the Town Unanimonsly Voted To Memorialize the 
Honble General Court on the Subject Requesting in the most 
earnest manner To Grant them Relief & directed the Com- 
mittee of Corrispondence Inspection & Safety to do it, Your 
memorialist therefore Humbly prays the Hon*"" Court will be 
pleased To take the foregoing with their former petition into 
their wise Consideration & Grant them such Relief as they 
in their wisdom may think Fit. Your Memorialist for a 
more full State of these matters beg leave to Refer your 
Honors to James Avery Esq'" agent for this plantation and 
your memorialist as in duty Bound &c 

Stephen Smith, Joseph Libbee | 
Benj Foster, Morris O'Brien \ Comm"''^ 

Machias June 2^ 1783 

In Senate Sept 27"^ 1783 

Read & thereupon OrderVl that Cotton Tufts Esq"" with 

such as the Ilon'''^ House shall join be a Committee to take 

this Memorial into consideration, together with the Petition 

of the Inhabitants of Machias, and others belonging to the 

Eastern part of the County of Lincoln — and Report what 

may be proper to be done thereon — 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams, Presid' 

In the House of Representatives same day 

Read & concurred & M"" Eddy & M"" Hosmer are joined 

Tristram Dalton Spk"" 

To James Avery Esq"" 
Sir 

You being aj^pointed by the Inhabitants of Machias to 

Appear at the General Court of this Commonwealth to sup- 



OF THE .STATE OF MAIXE 305 

port the petitions from tlic Liihal)itants of that and other 
Phnitations respecting the Estaljlishing Courts of Law & a 
Registor of Deeds &c in this part of the County so that we 
may have a more easey & less expences in access to Justice, 
Ave whose names are hereunto Suhscribed Inhabitants of the 
different Plantations Sett against our Respective Names do 
Request you to appear in our I)ehalf & use your influence that 
the said Petitions may be granted 

Robert Ash } of Cobscook 
Daniel Lee \ pasmequady 

henry Bowen of Moose Island Passamaquaday 

Josiah AVeston } of Chandlors River 
Reuben Libbee \ 

Joel Whitnay } of Chandlors River 
Stephen Hall \ 



Report of the Committee on the Petition of Inhabitants of 
Machias and Resolve Thereon. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

The Committee of both Houses to whom was referrd the 
Consideration of several Petitions from the Inhabitants of 
Machias & others in the Eastern ])art of the County of Lin- 
coln, praying that a Register of Deeds & of Probate of Wills 
may be Established at IMachias and that a Court of Probate 
of Wills, a Court of General Sessions of the peace & Court of 
Common pleas may be held at Machias with a right of appeal 
from the Court of General sessions of the peace & Court of 
Common pleas to the Supreme Judicial Court held at Boston, 
beg leave to report — 

That in the Opinion of your Committee the peculiar dif- 
ficulties under which the Petitioners labour for want of an 
easier and less expensive access to the Court of Law and 

21 



306 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Justice render it highly reasonable that their request be so 
far granted that a Eegister of Probate of Wills & of Deeds 
be Established at Machias to exercise their respective Officers 
in that part of the County of Lincoln which is to the East- 
ward of Union River, That the Judges of Probate of 
Wills for the County of Lincoln be directed to hold his Court 
twice every year at Machias and that the Court of General 
Sessions of the Peace and Court of Common pleas for the said 
County should hold one Term every Year at said Machias 
and that Jurors for the two last mentioned Courts be sum- 
moned from the Freeholders and other Inhabitants by Law 
qualified for that service w'^" are to the Eastward of said 
Union River, and that the Petitioners have leave to bring in 
a Bill for the purposes afore-mentiond — 

Cotton Tufts p-- Order 

In Senate October 17'^ 1783 
Read and accepted 

And Whereas several Petitions from the Inhabitants of 
Machias & others have been presented to the General Court, 
being in substance as follows — Viz, 

That the Legislature of this Commonwealth would em- 
power two or more Justices of the Peace to try Causes to the 
Amount of Twenty Pounds & under, and establish at Machias 
in the County of Lincoln, a Court of Probate of Wills, a 
Register of Probate, a Register of Deeds, a Court of General 
Sessions of the Peace, a Court of Common Pleas with a 
right of Appeal to the Supreme Judicial Court held at Bos- 
ton, the said Officers to exercise their respective Offices and 
the said Courts to have jurisdiction, to the Eastward of 
Penobscot River, Orderd, 

That, the Substance of the said Petition as aforementioned 
be published in three of the Boston Newspapers for three 
AVeeks successively, which shall be considered as a T^otifica- 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 307 

tion to the several Towns iu the said County of Lincoln, to 
shew Cause, if any they have, on the second Wednesday of 
the first Sessions of the next General Court, why the prayer 
of the said Petition should not be granted — 

And the Secretary is hereby directed to publish the same 
accordingly — 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S. Adams Presid' 

In the House of Kepresentatives Oct" 20''' 1783 
Read and concurred 

Tristram Dalton Spk*" 

Approved John Hancock. 



Certificate in Far or Melzar Sampson. 

Boston Octo 21. 1783 
This Certifies 

That the sum of Five hundred & six pounds, fifteen shil- 
lings & five pence, for loss & hire of the Sloop Hannah a 
Transport on the Expedition to Penobscott in the year 1779. 
and One hundred & twenty Pounds, seven shillings & one 
penny for Interest thereon to the first Instant — & also 
Twenty three pounds, one shilling & nine pence for the Mas- 
ters Wages & his Bill of Disbursements after loss of the 
Vessel], the whole of which amounting to the sum of Six 
hundred & fifty Pounds, four shillings & three pence, is due 
to Melzar Sampson, which w^hen paid will be in full for the 
same — £650.4.3 

Thomas Ivers | Com'"" for Audit^ the 

Peter Roe Dalton ( Acco'^ of the late Board of War 

His Excellency the Governor, & the Hon** the Council of the 
Commonw'** of Massachusetts 



o08 DOCUMENTARY JIISTOEY 

In Council Ocf 21. 1783 

Advised that a Warrant he drawn on the Treasury in full 
Discharge of the within Certificate 



'to 



Jno Avery Sec^ 



Petition of Josiah Brciver. 

Commonwealth of ]\rassachusetts 

To the Honorable the Senate and the Honorable House of 
Representatives in General Court assembled 

OctoV 22. 1783 

The Petition of Josiah Brev.'er residing at Fort Hallifax 
on Kennebeck River within the County of Lincoln, Esq"" 
humbly sheweth, That in the Year 1779, when the Enemy 
took Possession of Majabaggaduce your Petitioner was driven 
from his Habitation on Penobscott River, leaving behind 
him all his Etfects, (excepting a very few trifling Articles) 
which have been plundered by the Enemy & his dwelling 
house entirely destroyed ; by Reason whereof, your Petitioner 
has been greatly reduced in his Circumstances — That your 
Petitioner has, for two or three years, resided at said Fort 
Hallifax, in the Service of this Commonwealth ; but in March 
last was discharged from said Service, and being destitute of 
House or Home of his own, he pi ays that he may be per- 
mitted to remain in, and occupy the Fort House where he 
now resides, together with about ten Acres of Land adjoining 
which your Petitioner fenced in at his own proper Costs & 
Charge, for the Term of one or two years, free of any Rent, 
as it is probable that it will be of no Use or Service to the 
Commonw^ealth at Present, and that if your Petitioner re- 
moves therefrom, it will be improved by the first person that 
can get the Possession thereof, without ever paying any Rent 
to the Commonwealth therefor — 

And your Petitioner as in Duty bound &c 

Josiah Brewer 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 309 

Certificate in Favor Thomas Stevens. 

Boston Octo. 27. 1783 — 
This Certifies 

That the sum of Tliree lumdrod dt twenty six pounds, four 
shillings, for part of the Arni'd Ship Black Prince, lost on 
the Expedition to Penobseott in the year 1770. and eighty 
two Pounds eighteen shillings & two pence for Interest there- 
on to the first Instant, both sums amounting to Four hundred 
& nine pounds, two shillings & two pence, is due to Thomas 
Stevens, which when paid to .Ton;itliaii Peele, will l)e in full 
for the same — £409.2.2 

Thomas Ivers \ Com'*''' for Audit''' the Acco'^ 

Peter Hoc Dalton \ of the late Board of Way 

His ExcelP the Governor & the Hon. the Council of the 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Council Ocf 28. 1783. 

Advised that a Warrant be drawn on the Treasury in full 

discharge of the within (Certificate 

John Averv Sec^ 



Land at Falmouth Declared Forfeited to the CommonweaUh. 

Cumberland Ss January 9'" 1784 — 

These certify — That at a Court of Common Pleas for said 
County which was begun and holden at Falmouth within the 
same, on the last Tuesday of October A. D. 1782 — Certain 
Lands and Buildings mentioned in a Complaint of the Attor- 
ney General of the Commonv/ealth of ^lassachusetts which 
was exhibited to the Inferior Court of Connnon Pleas for 
said County begun and holden at said Falmouth on the last 
Tuesday of October A. D. 1781 — viz — One ]\Ioiety of a 
certain Lot of Land lying in Falmouth aforesaid in that part 
thereof called the Neck containing twenty eight Square 



310 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Rods — with one half the House thereon — Also ano = Lot 

of Land there containing twenty four square Rods — with 

the Buildings thereon — And the hundred Acre number 

seventy eight in the third Division of Lotts in Pearsontown 

in said County, all bounded and described as by the said 

Complaint &c Records of said Court will appear — were by 

s*" Court declared forfeited And by Law to escheat, enure and 

accrue to the Sole Use and Benefit of the Commonwealth 

aforesaid — 

Att Sam' Freeman Cle"" 



Petition for a Townslii'p. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts To the Honourable the 
Senate and the House of Representatives in General 
Court Assembled — 
the Petition of Ebenezer Lovell of Worcester in the County 
of Worcester and Commonwealth afors^ with Sixty of his 
Associates Humbly Sheweth that whereas your Petitioners 
are desirous of settling a Township of unappropriated land 
in the Province of Main under such rules and regulations as 
Your Honours Shall direct — Prays, that your Honours 
would Grant to him and his Associates a Township of un- 
appropriated land Six miles Square in said Province — 

between Penobscott River and Kennebeck River near the 
line between a place known by Sour Dabscotts Mills and fort 
Halifax and Your Petitioners as in Duty bound Shall ever 
pray — 

for himself and 



Ebenezer Lovele , . ^ 

(. associates. 

Worcester June 25 : 1783 

In Senate Jan^ 23" 1784 — 

Read & thereupon Orderd that this Petition be Committed 
to the Committee appointed by a Resolve of the 28'*' Oct" 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 311 

last, to execute certain business therein mention'd in the 
County of Lincoln 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 

In the House of Representatives Same day 

Read and concurred Tristram Dal ton S])k'" 

Petition of Peleg Wadsworth and Others for Purchase of a 
Townsliip on Penobscot River. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To the Honorable the Senate and the Honorable the House 
of Representatives, 

The Petition of Peleg Wadsworth, Joseph Ward and 
Eliphalet Downer, Humbly Sheweth, 

That there being large Tracts of unlocated land in the 
eastern parts of this Commonwealth, your Petitioners humbly 
pray that the General Court v/ould be pleased to grant them 
a Township seven miles square in the unlocated lands adjoin- 
ing to Penobscot River, near to the head of the Tide ; and in 
the said grant, fix the price which your Petitioners shall give 
for the said Township, and the terms of payment. 

The advantages that may accrue to the Commonwealth in 
consequence of granting the said Township, we humbly con- 
ceive, may be great ; — it will increase the value of all the 
other unlocated lands by extending settlements and cultiva- 
tion, — bring in some of the public Securities, thereby reduce 
the debt, and increase public credit, — and by these combined 
operations in various ways promote the general interest of the 
Commonwealth, and accelerate the annihilation of the public 
debt. And your Petitioners, as in duty bound, &c 

Peleg Wadsworth 
Joseph Ward 
Eliphalet Downer 



312 DOCmLEXTART HISTORY 

In Senate Jan^ 23'^ 1784 

Read & tberenpon Orderd, that this Petition be Com- 
mitted to the Committee appointed by a Resolve of the 28''' 
of October last, to execntc certain business therein mentioned 
in the County of Lincoln 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid* 

In the House of Representatives same day 

Read & concurred 

Tristram Dalton Spk"" 



Petition for a Township Between Kennehech and Penobscot. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To the Honourable the Senate and the House of Representa- 
tives in General Court Assembled 

the Petition of Thomas Denny of Leicester in the County 
of Worcester and Commonwealth aforesaid with Sixty of his 
Associates humbly Sheweth — 

That whereas your Petitioners are very desirous of 
settleing a Township of unappropriated land in the Province 
of Main, under such rules and Regulations as your Honours 
shall Direct — Prays that your Honours would Grant to him 
and his Associates a Township of unappropriated land Six 
Miles Square in said Province — between Penobscott River 
and Kenebeck River near the Line between a place Called 
Sour Dabscotts Mills and Fort Halifax — 

and your Petitioners as in Duty bound Shall ever Pray 

j for himself 

Thomas Denny I ^^^^^ Associates 

Leicester July 3"^ 1783 

In Senate Jan^ 23" 1784 — 

Read & thereupon Orderd that this Petition be Committed 
to the Committee appointed by a Resolve of the 28"' of Oct^ 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 313 

last, to execute certain Ijusiness therein mentioned in the 

County of Lincoln 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 

In the House of Representatives same day 

Read & concurred 

Tristram Dalton Spk"" 

Petition of Francis Shaiv. 

To The Honorable Senate and Hon^'® House of Representa- 
tives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts — 

The Petition of Francis Shaw in behalf of Himself and 
others, Inhabitants and Proprietors of Lands Eastward of 
Penobscott River — Humbly Sheweth 

That at the Last session of the General Court a Petition 
was presented by some Inliabitants of Machias to have a 
Court of Sessions and Common Pleas Established in that 
place, and a Resolve passed to Warn all persons Conserned 
to Appear and Shew Cause, why such a thing should not be 
Allowed — 

Your Petitioner would beg leave to Acquaint your Honours, 
that Machias lyes near a hundred Miles Eastward of Penob- 
scot, the former of which with the settlements adjacent has 
not near the Xumber of Inhabitants, as the more Westerly 
part of this district, who have never been Consulted on this 
Important Affair, nor does it Appear many others Excep' 
the Inhabitants of Machias — 

Therefore your Petitioner Humbly Prays, that your 
Honours, would take the premisses, under Consideration, 
That no such Courts may be Established, till the whole of 
the Inhabitants Concerned may have an Oppertunity of Con- 
sulting on the subject. And your Petitioner in behalf of him- 
self and others as in Duty bound will ever pray. — 

Francis Shaw 



314 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Resolve on Petition of Francis Shaw. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

house of Representa. 12 Feb^ 1784 
On the Petition of Francis Shaw 

Resolved — That the Petition from the inhabitants of 
jMachias requesting the Establishment of a Court of Common 
Pleas, be Suspended untill the inhabitants of Goulds- 
bourough Penobscot &c, have opportunity to represent their 
Situation — and that the Petitioner Francis Shaw Esq"" be 
requested to furnish the Gen' Court of this commonwealth 
with a just account of the JSTumber of Inhabitants, & their 
Places of abode, Between Belfast & Passamaquoda — 
Sent up for concurrence 

Tristram Dalton Spk"" 

Petition of John Peirce. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To the Honorable the Senate and the Honorable House of 
Representatives of the Commonwealth aforesaid, in 
General Court assembled — 

The Petition of Elisha Gurney and John Peirce of Wor- 
cester; in the County of Worcester & Commonwealth afore- 
said on their own accounts, and in behalf of sixty other 
persons, inhabitants of the Same County — 

that your Petitioners at the desire of their associates, have 
been into the late Province of Main to view part of the un- 
appropriated land there, in order for an immediate Settle- 
ment of a Township, if a Grant could be obtained from your 
Honors, for that purpose, and that their report has been Sat- 
isfactory to their Employers — 

Your Petitioner therefore in behalf of said associates and 
themselves Humbly pray your Honors that a tract of land 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 315 

in the said late Province of Main of sufficient quality to 
form a Township may be Granted them, under Such limita- 
tions, restrictions and Conditions as to your Honors Shall 
Seem meet 

And as in duty hound sliall ever pray — 

John Peirce 

Elisha Gurnej 
AVorcester Sepf 26th. 1783 

In Senate Fel/^ 20'" 1784 

Read & thereupon Orderd that this Petition be Committed 

to the Committee appointed by a Resolve of the 28"" October 

last, to execute certain business therein mentioned in the 

County of Lincoln 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid* 

In the House of Representatives FeV^ 20"^ 1784 

Read and concurred 

Tristram Dalton Spk"" 

Resolve on the Petition of Josiah Brewer. 

Common Wealth Massachusetts 

In The House of Representatives March 2°'^ 1784 
On The petition of Josiah Brewer praying for the Liberty. 
To dwell in the House at Fort Hallifax and to Improve Ten 
Acres of Land Round Said House which the said Josiah 
Brewer Fenced in at his own Cost 

Resolved. That the Prayer of the Petitioner be so far 
Granted, That the Said Josiah Brewer to make him Satisfac- 
tion for what he has fenced and done thereon, ILive Liberty 
to Improve said House and Land. The Term of One Year 
from the date hereof he Leaving it with A good Fence and 
in As good order as it Now stands — 
Sent up for concurrence 

Tristram Dalton Spk"" 



316 DOCUMENTARY KISTORT 

Resolve for Lftying Out Toivns on the River S^ Croix. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate March 1784 — 

Whereas it is expedient that a Number of Towns Should 
with all convenient dispatch be laid out upon the western 
side of and adjoining the River S' Croix ; the eastern bound- 
ary of this Commonwealth & of the United States of Amer- 
ica ; therefore 

Resolved that six Townships each to contain a Number of 
Acres equal to six Miles square shall be laid out upon and 
adjoining the western side of the said River, to begin as 
near the mouth or entrance of the same as may be con- 
venient and so to extend in succession and if practicable 
adjoining each other up the said River 

And it is further Resolv'd that each of the said Townships 
shall be laid out into lots of. 

fronting upon and towards the said River and extending 
back in succession in an equal width 

each as near as may be; the whole of the said Townships 
to be bounded on the back parts thereof by a direct Line 
drawn from the western termination of the northern bound- 
ary of the uppermost of the s"^ Townships. 

And it is further Resolv'd that be a Committee 

1o lay out the said Townships & to employ in behalf of this 
Commonwealth a Surveyor or Surveyors & Chainmen suffi- 
cient to lay out and take an actual Survey & plan of the said 
Townships — 

And it is further Resolved that when the said Committee 
have effected the business herein assigned them they are here- 
by directed to make return of their doings together with a 
plan of the s^ Townships to the General Court and to report 
whether it may be expedient in their opinion to lay out any 
greater Number of Townships upon the said River or in 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 3lY 

any other part of the unappropriated Lands within the 
County of Lincohi — 

And it is further Resolved that the sum of 
be allowed & paid out of the public Treasury of this Com- 
monwealth to the said Committee in order to enable them to 
pay the Surveyor or Surveyors & Chainmen and others that 
may be employed by them as aforesaid the said Committee 
to be accountable for the sum aforesaid, and the said Com- 
mittee are also directed to lay an Account of their own par- 
ticular time & expenditures while engaged in the business 
aforesaid before the General Court for examination & 
allowance. 



Resolve Empowering the Commiiiee of York tf- Cumberland 

Appointed on Eastern Lands to Consider the 

Pejepscot Claims. 

Commonwealth of J\rassachusctts 

In Senate March 15 1784 

A resolve Relative to the Unappropriated Lands belong- 
ing to this Common Wealth in the Eastern Counties. 

Whereas the Committee Appointed by a Resolve of the 
General Court of May 1, 1781, for examining into all tres- 
passes & illegal entries on the unappropriated lands belonging 
to this Commonwealth, & to whom further or other powers 
or orders were given by a Resolve of July 11, 1783 the 
transacting of wdiich business was on the twenty eighth of 
October following considered to be so extensive as to require 
the Attention of two Committes, at which time therefore the 
said Committee was excused from attending to any concerns 
that might fall within their Commission in the County of 
Lincoln. And Another Committee was Appointed to con- 
duct the Affairs therein, by w^hich division A difficulty arises 



318 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

from the Pejepscot Claim (so called) laying on each Side 
of Androscoggin River, which Ri\'er for a considerable length 
of way is the Boundary line between the counties of Cum- 
berland & Lincoln Therefore Resolved that the Committee 
Appointed May the 1, 1781 who have the Settlement of the 
lands in the Counties of York & Cumberland According to 
the two before mentioned Resolves, be «& they hereby Are 
Authorised & directed to settle the Pejepscot claim (so called) 
on the Easterly or NorthEasterly Side of Androscoggin 
River, as far as the said Claim may Appear to them to be 
well founded, in the same manner as they might or ought 
to do, if the said Claim layed wdiolly in the County of Cum- 
berland, agreable to the two Aforesaid Resolves, And the 
Committee Appointed to Settle & Ascertain the bounds of 
the lands in the County of Lincoln Are hereby excused from 
Attending on Any Settlement on the Aforesaid Claim, Any 
thing in the Resolve of October the 28. 1783, to the contrary 
notwithstanding. And it is further Resolved, that Either of 
the Above named Committees be & they are hereby Author- 
ised & impowered to summons such Evidence before them in 
behalf of this Commonwealth, in the prosecution of their 
respective Commission, as they may think necessary, & have 
the same sworn Accordingly 

In the House of Representatives March 16'** 1784 
Read and Accepted 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid*^ 

Read & ISTonconcurred 

Tristram Dalton Spk"" 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate March 16*'^ 1784 
Ordered that Cotton Tufts & Nathaniel Wells Esq""' be 
appointed a Committee on the part of the Senate with such 
as the Hon'''^ House may join, to confer upon the Subject 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 319 

matter of a Resolve of the Senate relative to the Pejepscot 
Claim (so called) 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 

In the House of Representatives same day 

Read & concurred & ]\P Sullivan & M"" Ilosmcr are 
appointed on the part of the House. 

Tristram Dalton Spk"" 



Bill Granting a Lottery to the Inhabitants of Frijhurgh. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts, in the year of our Lord 
one thousand seven hundred & eighty four 

An Act, granting a Lottery, for the purpose of removing a 
Jam of Timber in the Town of Fryburgh on Saco River in 
the County of York. 

Whereas it appears of great Utility, that said Jam of 
Timber should be removed, and whereas a number of inhabi- 
tants in Said town, and the towns adjacent, have in their 
petition, represented their inability to remove the same, & 
praying that a Lottery may be granted them for that purpose. 
Be it therefore enacted by the Senate & house of Representa- 
tives in General Court assembled, and by the authority of 
the same, that a sum not exceeding three hundred pounds, 
be raised by a Lottery or Lotteries, for the purpose aforesaid, 
and that Joshua B Osgood Esq"" !^P Richard Kimball, Cap' 
Benjamin Hooper, Benj'' Meads Lord Esq"" & Mr Josiah 
Thatcher — or any three of them, be managers thereof, who 
Shall be Sworn to the faithful discharge of their trust, and 
shall, as Soon as may be, publish a Scheme of such Lottery or 
Lotteries, in such public newspaper as they may think most 
proper; and the said managers shall keep just and regular 
accounts of their proceedings, and of the monies they may 



320 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

receive in their Said Capacity, which Shall at all times be 
open to the inspection of the Treasurer of the said town of 
Frybiirgh for the time being; and within one month after 
they Shall be requested thereto by vote of the Said town, 
Shall compleat drawing any Such Lottery or Lotteries, and 
Shall pay the net proceeds thereof in Such manner as Shall 
be ordered by the Said town, or their Committee, for Such 
purpose to be chosen; and if the said managers, or any of 
them, Shall neglect payment as afore Said, for the Space of 
fourteen days after receipt of such order, the said Treasurer 
is hereby authorized and impowered, to sue for and recover, 
for the use of said town, Such monies neglected to have been 
paid as afore said, by action, in any Court proper to try the 
Same; and furthermore, the said managers, within three 
months after the last drawing of said Lottery or Lotteries, 
Shall settle & finish their accounts of the Said Lottery or 
Lotteries, and in case they, or either of them. Shall neglect 
or refuse so to do, or shall refuse or neglect to finish draw- 
ing Such Lottery or Lotteries, in manner as afore said, they 
Shall severally forfeit the Sum of six hundred pounds, for 
the use of the said town, and to be recovered by the Said 
Treasurer in manner afore said, — 

And be it further enacted by the authority afore said, that 
' the Said Town of Fryburgh, Shall, in the most prudent and 
expeditious way and manner, apply all the net proceeds of 
the Said Lottery or Lotteries to the purpose of removing 
said Jam, and in case the Said town Shall convert the said 
proceeds to any other use or purpose, or shall unreasonably 
delay to apply the Same as is herein before directed, the said 
town Shall forfeit and pay, to the use of the Commonwealth, 
the sum of six hundred pounds, to be recovered by the 
Treasurer of the said Commonwealth, by action, in any Court 
proper to try the same. 

And be it further enacted, that all prizes drawn in the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 321 

Said Lottery Shall be published in some One of the Boston 
newsPapers within thirty days after drawing the same, and 
be paid without deduction, if demanded within twelye months 
after drawing, otherwise be deemed as generously given for 
the purpose afore said — 

And be it also further enacted ; That if any person or per- 
sons Shall forge, counterfeit, or alter any ticket issued by 
virtue of this act, or shall pass or utter any such forged, 
counterfeited or altered ticket, knowingly, or that shall coun- 
sel, advise or assist in forging, counterfeiting or altering the 
same, every such person or persons so offending, and being 
thereof convicted in the Supreme Judicial Court of this 
Commonwealth, Shall be set on the Gallows for the space of 
one hour, with a rope about his neck, or Shall pay a fine not 
exceeding one hundred pounds, to the use of this Common- 
wealth, or be imprisoned not exceeding twelve months, or be 
publicly whiped not exceeding thirty nine Stripes, at the dis- 
cretion of the Justices of the Same Court, who are also here- 
by impowered to inflict one or more of the said punishments 
on such offenders, if they see fit. 
In the House of Representatives March 15"' 1784 

This bill having had three several Readings passed to ])C 
Engrossed 

Sent up for concurrence 

Tristram Dalton Spk"" 

Inventory of Public Stores. 

Georgetown May 24"' 1784 
Sir 

x\greeable to your Excelency^ Orders to me I Repaired to 

Penobscot and took an Inventory of all the Public Stores and 

buildings that I could find at that place which I have the 

Honour of Transmiting to Your Excellensy — after which 

22 



322 DOCUMENTAUY HISTORY 

took a Tour up the River and made the Strictest Inquiry of 

the Inhalitants for the names of those which Still Remain 

among them which had taken an Active part with the British 

Army and Fleet — a list of which names I have Sent to the 

Hon' James Sullavan Esq'' v/ith a Complaint against them 

in Order that it may be laid before Your Excellency and 

the Hon' Councel 

I have the Hon"" to be with Respect 

Your Excellency^ Most Obed' Ser^ 

Sam' M. Cobb 
In Senate June 3" 1784 

Read & sent down 

S Adams Presid* 

In the House of Representatives June 3'' 1784 

Read «fe sent up 

Sam A Otis Spkr 

His Excellency John Hancock Esq"" 

An Account of Public Stores Buildings &'' found on the 
Peninsula of Majabigwaduce 

1 9 P'' Cannon without Carriage 

Wharfs 2 Stores on ^Vharf^ 2 

The whole of the Buildings is Said to be built by British 
Subjects and Refugees 

The whole of the Barrack"" and Kings Store House^ are 
burnt 





Stories 


Feet 


feet 




Stories 


Feet 


feet 


ouse 


s high 


long 


wideHouses 


high 


long 


wnde 


1 


1 


30 


18 


1 


2 


34 


20 


1 


2 


36 


27 


1 




36 


18 


1 


1 


22 


14 


1 




20 


18 


1 


1 


24 


15 


1 




30 


17 


1 


1 


28 


24 


1 




28 


16 


1 


1 


30 


18 


1 




30 


17 


1 


1 


50 


18 


1 




28 


IG 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 323 







28 


16 




2 


36 


20 






20 


16 




1 


27 


17 






32 


20 




1 


28 


12 






36 


24 




1 


24 


16 






26 


16 




1 


28 


16 






30 


18 




1 


20 


15 






32 


20 




1 


20 


15 






20 


14 




1 


20 


14 






32 


20 




1 


50 


14 






30 


18 




1 


20 


14 






22 


18 




1 


20 


14 



The Above is the best Ace' I could get of Buildings fe'^ 

Sam' M Cobb 



Remonstrance of Inhah. of Lower Town of S^ Georges. 

To the Hono"'" the Gen'^' Coui-t and house of Eepresentatives 
now held in boston In and for said State of the ^fassa- 
chusetts Bay 

hum'^ Sheweth that we your honours Patitioners the An- 
habitence of a Plantation Cal'' the Lower Town of S* Georges 
in the County of Lincoln 

We your Honours Petitioners Do understand That the 
Town of Warren has Petition'' to your Honour For to have 
they Alewives fishery in their Town might be Granted to 
them as a Town Privilege and that all other Enhabitance 
that Did not belong to their Town should be Exempted from 
aney benifit or Privilige in said fishery without Paying for 
them to their Town. 

Where as the Houn*"'® Brigadere Samuel Waldow in they 
first setling of said Towns Besarv'' all such Priviliges for the 
good of the Enhabitance of said River 

And as their is a Great Many Poor Enhabitance In This 
Town who Depends on said Alewives for the Suport of Their 



324 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

families wich if they are Dej)rived of must Suffer for Wont 
of them 

Therefore we your Humble Petitioners Pray That you would 
not Grant to the Town of Warren all the Privilege of Said 
fishery but would Resarve so much as may Suply Each 
family with a Sufficient Quantity as may sarve For their 
suport from year to year which in Duty Bound Shall Ever 
Pray — Sign'' by order and in behalf of said Town at our 
anuel meeting in March 
St Georges March 6'" 1780 

Benjamin Burton Chareman 



Remonstrance of Inhah: of Thonmdon and Lower Town of 

8'^ Geoi'ges. 

To the Hon^''' the Council and House of Representatives of 
the State of Massachusetts Bay in General Court as- 
sembled 

June 5, 1780 

The Inhabitants of the Town of Thomaston in the County 
of Lincoln, having understood that the Inhabitants of the 
Town of W^arren had petitioned the Great and General Court 
for an Act or Law respecting the Alewives Fishery in said 
Warren, did, at their meeting in may legally assembled, make 
choice of a Committee to enquire into the matter, and to 
act thereupon what might be proper and necessary; the In- 
habitants of the Plantation called the lower Town of S* 
Georges had also chosen a Committee for the same Purpose: 
The said Committee of Thomaston on the twenty sixth of 
May last obtained a Copy of an Act that had been Read a 
first time, with the Order of the late House of Representa- 
tives of the first of Jan^ thereupon; being the first regular 
Account that we could obtain of the Matter 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 325 

We the Subscribers in behalf of the Town, and Pbintation 
for which we are chosen respectively, Beg leave to represent 
to your Honors, That the Falls on the River S* Georges in 
the Town of Warren is the only Place in either of the said 
Towns or Plantation where the Fish called Alewives can be 
catched in any considerable plenty-. 

That the Lands adjoining the Falls were never disposed 
of by the late Brigadier Waldo, or any other Proprietors, l)ut 
hath been reserved for the nse of the Fishery. 
That many poor Persons with large Families have been, and 
still are necessitated to subsist all most entirely on said Fish. 

That the Inhabitants of said Town and Plantation from 
their Settlement on said Tiiver, and from the Deeds of their 
Lands given them by said Brigadier Waldo, which amongst 
other Things, mention & convey in particular, "all Rivers, 
Waters and Fishings" ever supposed that they had an equal 
Right in Common with the Town of Warren to the Fishery 
there: and 

We are of Opinion that the said Inhabitants of Warren 
under the spacious (though very proper and necessary) Title 
of "An Act for preventing the Destruction of Alewives," 
intended an Act to monopolize the v/hole Fishery to them- 
selves, and to establish a large Fund to said Town thereupon 

We are also humbly of Opinion That the proposed Act so 
intirely includes the Alewnve Fishery to said Warren, and 
so fully puts the Disposal thereof into their Power, that they 
may set what Promiiim they please on the Fishery, and 
thereby make Alewives as costly, as any other Provision 
whatever, to the very great Oppression and Distress of those 
Poor who depend on them for their Support ; and Infringe- 
ment of the Rights & Property of the Inhabitants of this 
Town & Plantation ; 

Wherefore in behalf of said Town and Plantation, we 
Your Memorialists humbly pray, I'hat, if said proposed Act 



326 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

hath not passed alreadaj it may not pass, according to the 
present Form ; and if it hath passed ; that it may be repealed 
and altered in snch a manner as that the Inhabitants of said 
Thomaston and said Plantation in their respective Town 
and Plantation Meetings, or by their respective Committees 
for that purpose to be chosen, together with the Town of 
Warren, or their Committee, may have equal Authority in 
determining the Time, Place, and manner of catching the 
said Fish ; and that all monies, Profits, & Advantages in any 
Ways arising from said Fishery, may in an equitable Manner 
be divided and established to each of said Towns and Planta- 
tion: Or, at least, that the Inhabitants of said Thomaston & 
s*^ Plantation of St Georges, may have Liberty of taking and 
catching so many of said Fish as may be necessary for their 
own Use and Consumption, without molestation or Obstruc- 
tion, or paying any such enormous Prices as the Town of 
Warren may be disposed to set upon them, and your me- 
morialists as in Duty bound shall ever pray &c 

David Fales "] Committee for 

Jeremiah Tolman J Thomaston 
Florence Robinson [ 
Committee for the Plantation 
called the lower Town of St George 



Affidavit of John M^Intyre and Williarn Lermond. 

Warren Septemb"" 17"^ 1781 
We John M'^Intyre & William Lermond of Lawful age, 
Testify & say that we jSTotified the Selectmen of Thomaston 
to Shew Cause if any they have Why the prayers of the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 327 

petition from the town of Warren Should Xot Be Heard on 

Regulating their fishery in S^ Town 

John M'^Intvre 
William Lermond 

Lincoln Ss Thomaston Sepf 17 1781 

there Personally Appeared the Above named John ^M*^- 
Intyer and William Lamond and made oath to the truth of 
the above Deposition by them Subscribed Before me 

^lason Wheaton Just^ Peace. 



Remonstrance of John Dillaway. 

To the honorable Senate and House of Representatives of the 
Common v>'ealth of Massachusetts held at Boston 10^^ 
June 1783 

Humbly sheweth John Dillaway as he is representative of 
the Town of Thomastown in the county of Lincoln 

That the Town of Warren which is a town bordering upon 
the one which your petitioner represents, has without any 
previous advice given to Thomastown — petitioned to your 
honors that certain Falls called Georgia's falls — should be 
annexed as a priviledge peculiar to said Town of Warren 
and that said Town should have the exclusive benefit of fish- 
ing in said falls notwithstanding, almost time out of mind 
that l)enetlt lias been extended to the inhabitants of all the 
Towns in said river — which general benefit was first granted 
by brigadier Waldo & other proprietors of the Eastern lands 
on both sides said river 

As the subject of said Petition of the town of Warren is 
very important to the neighboring towns especially to Thomas- 
town & as Thomastown has never been notified thereof & is 
now totally uninformed thereof Your Petitioner in behalf as 
aforesaid humbly prays your honors that said Petition may 



328 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

be on your honors table until the next session that so said 

Thomastown may have time to shew cause why said Petition 

should not be granted. 

John D ilia way 



A Bill to Prevent the Destruction of Alewives in the Town 

of Wai'ren. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred & 
eighty four 

An Act for preventing the destruction of alewives in the 
Town of Warren 

Yv'hereas the laws already made against the destruction of 
Alewives are found insufficient for that purpose within the 
Town of Warren & great waste is made of them by ill dis- 
posed persons to the great damage of the public 

Be it therefore enacted by the Senate & House of Repre- 
sentatives in General Court assembled & by the authority of 
the same that no person or persons whom power be allowed 
from & after the first day of April — next to catch or take 
any of the fish called alewives in any part of the river S' 
Georges within the town of Warren either with scoop nets 
or in any other way without first obtaining special license 
therefor by a vote of the Inhabitants of the said Towm legal- 
ly assembled at their anniversary meeting in the month of 
March or at any time or place but such as shall be determined 
upon & appointed at such meeting; and if any person or 
persons shall presume on any pretence whatever to catch or 
take any of the said Fish in any manner or at any time or 
place within the s"^ Town other than such as shall be assigned 
by the Inhabitants thereof as aforesaid, each & every person 
so offending shall for each offence forfeit & pay the sum of 



OF THE STATE OF :MAINE 329 

thirty shillings together with all the fish so taken & the in- 
struments used in taking the same 

Provided nevertheless that nothing in this act shall extend 
or he construed to extend to the preventing of the Inhabitants 
of the plantation called the lower town of S^ Georges from 
catching & taking such quantities of the said Fish in the 
river aforesaid witliin the s'' Town of Warren as may be 
sufficient for their own internal use & consumption in manner 
& at the times & places as has heretofore been customary 

And be it further Enacted by the authority afores'' that all 
fines & forfeitures that may be incurred by any breach of 
this Act shall be recovered by action on debt in any of the 
courts of record proper to try the same within the county 
where such offence shall be committed, one moiety thereof 
to be appropriated to for the use of the poor of the said Town 
of Warren ; the other moiety to him or them who shall prose- 
cute the same. 

In the House of Representatives March 4^*" 1784 

This Bill having had three several Readings passed to be 
Engrossed 

Sent up for concurrence 

Tristram Dal ton Spk"" 



Memorial and Ohjeciio7i of the Inhahitants of Mount Desert. 

Commonwealth Massachusetts 

To the Ilonnorable Senate & House of Representatives the 

Pitition of the Inhabantants of ^lountdcsar Humbly 

Sheweth — 
that finding a News paper of the tinth of Xovember Last 
wherein was an order of the Legis-lature of this Common- 
wealth of October the twentyeth which informed us to our 



330 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Great Surprise- — that their had hcen Several Petitions from 
the Inhabitants of j\rachias and others to the General Conrt 
for Erecting a Conrt of Common Pleas &c &c to be held at 
Maehias with appeals to the Snpreme Judicial Conrt to be 
held at Boston=and s^ officesers to have Jurisdiction to the 
Eastward of Penobscot River = all which was Intirly new to 
all of us nor can we find any in any of the Plantations neer 
us that had been aprised their of = but finding by the afore 
s^ order Leve Given and a time Set to obgect against s*^ Peti- 
tions we fear it will be two Late to prevent their Pro- 
sedings=But as it is a thing that so newly Consarns us and 
the Community in General we bege Leve to ofi^er our Ob- 
gection against s'' Petitions and Imbrace the first opertunity 

that a Court at Maehias is very Improper as being at one 
Corner of the s*^ Jurisdiction & we think that near nine tenths 
of the Inhabitants Lieth to the westward of Maehias and 
many of them one Hundred miles Distance and Vv^e think 
that traveling Expence & tendence of Court will be much 
Cheeper at Pownalborough then at Maehias 

that appeals to the Supreme Judicial Court held at Boston 
is very in Convenent for the Inhabitants as it is so fur to 
travel by Land and but Very fue that have any Convenence 
to Go by watter and if they had So much Depends on wind 
and weather which makes it Very Dificult if not Imposable 
at Sume times for People to attend Court — 

that as we are not yet Recovered from the Dificulty of a 
Long and tedeous war whereby all our Lumber trade was 
Stoped on which our Living much Depended and not yet 
much Recovered ther from=:we think our selves not able as 
yet to Suport the Charges of a County in this Jurisdiction 
and we think it a little Strang that People that the other 
Day was Petitioning for help from the Commonwealth should 
so Sune Petition for Courts to be Erected here in this Juris- 
diction — 



OF THE STATE OF :\rAINE 331 

And we further think that a Court held at Machias will 
Sarve to ogment and Incres Lawsuts and Charges that other- 
wise would Easily be Settled which will tend much to the 
Damage of the Inha])itants in perticler — and to the Publick 
in General - — their are many more obgections which we think 
might be offered but these we submit to your wise Considera- 
tion 

If these be not two Late a Coming to your View We Pray 
your Hounors to take the afores*^ Objection into your wise 
Consideration and Consider the waight = as we aprehend= 
thereof = and stop Ganting the Prayr of the Petitions from 
Machias and we the faithfull Inhabetants of ^loundesart as 
Bound in Duty Shall Eever Pray — 
Mountdesart March y' IS''' 1784 

James Richardson, Abraham Somes Jesse Higgins, Stephen 
Richardson, Joshua Xorwood, Peter Gott, Stephen Xor- 
wood, John Tinker, Thomas Richardson, Thomas Richardson 
Jun'", John Gott Richardson, Joseph Mayo, Daniel Richard- 
son, James Richardson Jun*", Andrew Tarr, John Thomas, 
Ezra Young, Josiah Black, Elisha Cousins, Israel Higgens, 
Levi Higgins Timothy Smith, John Hamon, Daniel Rodick, 
David Damon, Ezra Leland, Robert Yong, Ebenezer Salsby, 
Edward Hodgkins, Edward Black, John Cousins, Daniel 
Hamon, Elkanah Young. 

Objections to fixing the Court at Machias. 

To the Honerarbcl House of Representatives of the Common 
Wealth of the Massachusets Bay In Generall Court 
Asambled 
Humbly Begg — 

That if there is to be a Court of Justice held in this Easter- 
ly part it may Be in a more Centrical part then Machias 
Witch Is In the Most Easterly part of this Common Wealth 



332 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

to the Grate Damedge of your petitioners and as In Duty 
Bound We Shall Ever pray — 

Union River March the tvv'entietli one Thousand Seven Hun- 
dred and Eighty four — 
John Smith, Benjamin Joy, Joshua Maddocks, John Me- 
rah, George Haslam, John Joy, Hanry Maddocks, Ichahod 
Maddocks, Josiah Graling, Benjamin Jellson, Will™ Hop- 
kins, James Smith, Thomas Mc fording, Solomon Jordan, 
Joseph Morrison, Samuel Joy, Samuel Davis, Nathaniel 
Jordan, James treworgy Sen"", Edward Beal, dominicus I^eal, 
Isaac Lord. 



Petition of Sudbury Canada Bridgeton & Fryeburg, 

To the honorahle Senate & House of Representatives of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General Court 
assembled. 
We the underwritten, your Petitioners, having been ap- 
pointed a Committee from the Tov/nships of Sudbury Canada 
Bridgeton, and Fryeburg lying on and near Androscoggin 
River, in behalf of the Inhabitants of said Townships and 
Places adjoining, to represent to the honorable Court their 
Exposedness, from their frontier Situation, to the barbarous 
Incursions and Ravages of the Indians, whose Cruelties have 
l>een already felt in one of said Towns ; and as said Town- 
ships are but new Settlements, incapable of protecting them- 
selves, while they are necessarily employed in the Cultivation 
of the Ground, for the support of themselves and Families; 
beg permission to return their acknowledgements to the honor- 
able Court for their Compassion and care in relieving them 
from their Anxieties, the Summer past, by stationing a party 
of men at Sudbury Canada, and likewise beg leave humbly 
to petition the honorable Court that they would be pleased to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 333 

afford us some further Assistance which we request may be 
sent for our protection bv the first of June next, if it shall 
seem convenient to the honorable Court, as we are not without 
apprehensions of further mischief from the Savages, who 
may be induced to make their attempts as early as the travell- 
ing will admit, Avhich we hope Vvall be our Excuse for pre- 
ferring our petition at this Time. Wo presume it unnecessary 
to mention the Situation of Sudbury Canada, as an excellent 
Frontier for covering the Counties of York and Cuml)er]and 
from the Inroads of the Enemy, it being the only avenue 
thro' which they may enter and where thirty Men might be 
sufficient to protect l)oth those Counties from the Incursions 
they are exposed to from small bodies of Indians. Relying 
therefore on the Humanity and Wisdom of the honoral:»le 
Court, for such Assistance as they in their wisdom shall think 
conducive to our safety Your Petitioners as in Duty bound 
shall ever Pray &c 

Committee 



Elea"" Twitchell , j- 

Jona° Clark L, i, ri a 

/ Sudbury Can'' 

Richard Eastman \ Committee 
Ezek Walker of 



Isaac Abbott /Fryeburg 

\ Agent 

[ 

I Bridgton 



Enoch Perley \ for 



Resolve. 

Commonwealth 
of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives ]\Iarch 22^ 1783. 

On the Petition of the Town of Fryeljurg, Bridgton & 

Sudbury^canada Praying for a guard to be Stationed at 



834 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Sudbury=canada for the Protection of the frontiers of the 
Counties of York and Cumberland. 

Resolved that their be raised in the Counties of York and 
Cumberland by voluntary Inlistment and Stationed on the 
frontiers of said Counties a Company of men to Consist of 
One Lieu*^ and thirty men to Contirnie in Service till the first 
day of December next unless sooner discharged: and his 
Excellency the Governor is requested to Appoint and Com- 
mission the Officer Accordingly And to give the Necessary 
orders for Carrying this Resolve into Execution. 

And it is further Resolved, that there be allovv^ed the same 
wages and rations as officers and Soldiers received in the 
Continental Army ; and that the Commissary General Supply 
the aforesaid men vdtli Provision or money, as he shall 
Agree, for their rations as aforesaid. 



Resolve Concernirig the Artillery in the Garriso7i at Penobscot. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate ]\rarch 23 1784 

Whereas the British Troops in the Garrison on Penopscot 
River, will soon Evacuate the same, and it being necessary 
that measures should be immediatly taken to secure the 
American Artilery that may be left there-in 

It is therefore Resolved that the Governor with advice of 
Council appoint a Suitable person to repair without delay 
to that place and to take into his Custody all Artilery and 
also all such Stores and materials as are not the property of 
private persons and which may be left in and about the same 
Garrison when the same shall be evacuated, and that the 
person so appointed shall take an Exact List of all such 
Artilery Stores and materials as shall be found there as 
aforesaid and shall deliver the same to the order of the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 335 

Commissary General taking a Receipt for the same and such 
person so appointed shall have power to require of one of 
the next Commissioned ]\rilitia officers to detach so many of 
the militia as may be necessary to secure the said Artilery 
stores &c and shall return an account of Such Assistance to 
the General Court with an Account of his own time and Ex- 
pences that the same may be paid out of the public treasury. 
Resolved that the Commissary General deputize some per- 
son to procure the Artilery and Articles above mentioned 
and that he procure the same to be brought and delivered to 
the Captain of the Garrison on Castle Island to be there 
kept for the public benefit. 

Memorial and Objections to the Petition of Inhabitants of 

Machias. 

Gouldsborough 20 April 1784 
Hon. Senate & house of Representatives of the Common- 
wealth of ]\rassachusetts 
The Deligates legally appointed by the Inhabitants of the 
Several Townships laying l^etween the River Penobscot and 
Machias in the County of Lincoln & Commonwealth afore- 
said beg leave to represent to your Honors that in Conse- 
quence of an order from your Legislature dated the Twen- 
tieth of October last where in it is represented that a Peti- 
tion signed by a number of Inhal)itants of Machias and 
others had requested of the said Hon''"' Legislature that Cer- 
tain Courts Registers Office &c should be Established at that 
place and have Jurisdiction East of Penobscot with Liberty 
of Appeal to the Supreme Judicial Court at Boston in Con- 
sequence of the Said order the Inhabitants ever happy in 
the Indulgence of your Honors have directed that at thir 
meeting a proper representation of the Situation of this part 
of the County by the Joint Voice Should be made and that 



336 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

any tiling that they should think would be of Advantage to 
the County in General should be propos'd to your Honors 
in whose Great Wisdom they Altogether Depend Equally 
acquainted with the Sentiments of the Inhabitants as well 
as the Situation of the County. We beg your Indulgence 
while we relate a few facts this new County that is proposed 
will Extend the distance of One hundred and twenty Milcj 
Interspersed with a number of Islands those as well as the 
Main have but few Inhabitants and they through the oppera- 
tion of the late War very Unable to Support the Charges that 
v/ould Attend the Establishing a New County but were the 
Inhabitants in a Capacity to Errect the ISTecessary Buildings 
& we think it almost the Unanimous Oppinon that the Shire 
Town should be as near the Center as possible not at either 
of the Extreem parts as it would ])e; Should the Petition 
from Machias be Granted as the Roads are so bad that it 
would be Impractable for to pass, and few have Boats or 
Craft and if they had it depends so much on Winds & 
Weather, that in many Instances they would not attend 
Court in Season we would further observe that there is not 
one place Incorporated between the river Penobscot and the 
Extreem Eastern bounds of this Commonwealth and let ua 
be ever so sufficient for the Business it would be very Diffi- 
cult to Collect a proper Jury — There is no men we think 
that have been or are now readier in this Commonwealth at 
all Times to bear their proportion of the public Expences but 
for the reasons before mentioned the Devastation by the Late 
War We doubt not your honors will readily give the Country 
opportunity to be enabled before you will request it — all 
which is Humbly Submitted by James Richardson, Delegate 
from Mount Desert John Bane Delegate from Frenchmans 
Bay Era : Shaw Delegate from Gouldsborough Johnathan 
Stevens Delegate from ISTumber Four William Nickels 
Delegate from Number Six 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 337 

The Deligate from Pleasent River is of Opinion that it 
is not for the Benifit of this part of the County to have a 
Court of Common Pleas or the Court of General Sessions 
sett in this part of the County, and is Directed by his Con- 
stituents to oppose it — But is fully persuaded that it wou'd 
be for the benefit of the whole to have a Court of Probates and 
a Register of Deeds appointed in this part near the Center. 
Joseph Wilson Delegate from Pleasent River Dissent, 
Because the State of Facts pointed out in the Petitions 
from ]\Iacliias (for which the Report of the Committee of 
both Houses was founded) were Just & True, and the DifR- 
cultys they therein mentioned still Continues, and there is 
not any Reasons advanced (in my opinion) either in the 
foregoing Representation or in the Arguments made use of 
by any of the Delegates in the Meeting, sufficient in the least 
Respect to shew, why the Report of the Committee of both 
Houses of the General Court, should not be carried into effect 
Ja^ Avery. Delegate from Machias 

In the House of Representatives June 12"" 1784 

Read & thereupon Ordered that this answer together with 
another from certain Inhabitants on Union River be com- 
mitted to the Committee of both Houses on the petition of 
Machias herein referred to. 

Sent up for concurrence 

Sam A Otis Spk^ 

Answer to Remonstrants. 

Whereas the Delegates of a Number of the Plantations to 
the Westward of this place have sent a Remonstrance or 
Memorial to the Legislature of this Commonwealth, shewing 
why Courts &c should not be established at Machias. 

To which reasons we purpose to reply & endeavour to ol> 
viate the objections as follows : — 

23 



338 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

1^' The Memorial sets out with a declaration that they are 
legally appointed by the Inhabitants of the several Town- 
ships between Penobscot & Machias. — 

To this we would observe, that the Inhabitants on the 
Eastern side of the River Penobscot, Bagwaduce, Blue Hill, 
Deer Island, Naskeeg, Union River and Chandlers River, 
did not send any Delegates. And if the Delegates of those 
places that did attend, were appointed by the Inhabitants of 
the several places they represented, or if they conveyed the 
true Sentiments of their Constituents ; no doubt they can 
produce their Authority and Instructions. — 2*^'^ They say 
it is proposed to sett off a New County ! 

Answer. It is not so ; we never asked it, nor does the 
report of the Committee of both Houses imply any such 
thing. — 

3'''^' They say the Shire Town should be as nigh the Centre 
as possible. — 

Answ"" For that very reason, Machias ought to be the place. 
4'*' The next difficulty mentioned, is, The badness of the 
Roads, scarcity of Boats & Craft, and dependence on wind & 
weather. 

Answ"" This reason operates entirely in our favour: If 
it is tedious to travel ten miles of bad road, it must be more 
so to travel fifty miles of the same kind of travelling, whither 
by land or w^ater; and if wind and weather makes it pre- 
carious to go a small distance, the difficulty will increase in 
proportion as the distance increases. 5'^ The next reason is. 
That there is not one Incorporated Town between Penobscot 
and the extreme Eastern bounds of this Commonwealth, 
which will make it difficult to collect a Jury. — 

Answ"" Admitting that could prevent a Jury from being 
returned ; is it not in the power of the Legislature to remove 
that obstacle ? It is but for them to order that Jurors Shall 
be chose in each Plantation, in the same manner as they are 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 339 

in Towns incorporated, and appointing proper persons to 
call meetings of tlie Inhabitants for choosing the same and 
making return thereof. Perhaps some of the settlements are 
in a Condition to support Town charges, and ought for their 
own Interest to be Incorporated, and desire it: Sure we are, 
Machias is of that number, and have actually petitioned to 
be Incorporated. — 

6"* The last reason mentioned, is, The total iiuibility of 
the Country to support the charges that may arise &c. 

Answ'' This reason is given on Supposition of our ])eing 
set oif as a Count}^ which is not in contemplation, and the 
ability of the Inhabitants for that purpose doth not come 
under consideration ; but poverty may be pleaded as a Sub- 
stantial reason why Law & justice should be brought as nigh 
home as possible : But we are fully convinced that it is not 
the true reason : In our opinion, they imagine it will brin;.' 
on Continental and State Taxes, which many would desire 
to avoid, whither able or not able; and they suppose if not 
incorporated & they can prevent a Court being held in this 
part of the County, they never will be taxed by Government, 
let them be ever so able. But we say it will not bring on 
Taxes the sooner, for if we are able to pay Taxes, we ought 
to do so, and must if called upon, whether Incorporated or 
not; But if we can make it appear that we are not able to pay 
Taxes, Government will have the justice & lenity to remit it. 
Further, we dare assert, if Gouldsborough could be made the 
shire Town, and this (^ountry wholly exempt from taxes, the 
reasons given against it would not have been aledged : It 
must be from some latent motive that it is opposed, being 
conscious, that if facts are known, Machias will and ought 
to be the place established for holding Court &c, A Planta- 
tion that has taken the Oath of Allegiance to Britain, and 
those that petitioned for Neutrality, may be expected to 
oppose it. — 



340 DOCUMENTAEY lllSTOKY 

Thus we think we have fully answered all their objections, 
and now desire to offer some further Reasons in support of 
the measure ; After having just observ'd that in the report of 
the Committee of both Houses, it was stated that the district 
should be from Union River (not Penobscot,) to the Eastern 
boundarv of the State, being about One hundred Miles on a 
Strait line. 

And 

1*"' ]\rachias is very nigh the centre, of said District, it 
being about forty five miles from the River S* Croix, (the 
eastern boundary) and about fifty six miles from Machias 
to Union River, the proposed western boundary. — 

2*^'^ Machias is the first settlement to the westward of 
Passamaquoddy, and there being many Refugees lately settled 
there ; in case there should be any dispute between British 
Sul)jects and the Citizens of America, Machias would then 
be an Asylum for the distressed Americans, where they could 
find immediate assistance and support : And as many of 
the Refugees that are settled at Passamaquaddy and other 
parts of Wova Scotia, will find it difficult to get employ in 
that Province, they will naturally seek it this way, and 
perhaps many of them having led vicious lives, may be 
guilty of Tbeft, house-breaking and other enormities which 
deserve exemplary punishment but must escape with im- 
pimity if no relief is granted ; for to prosecute any crime at 
Pownalborough (distant more than 200 Miles) would almost 
ruin the prosecutor if he is in comfortable circumstances; 
and in case of a commitment, it must first fall very heavy 
upon the Civil Officers, and finally on the County; for per- 
sons who are guilty of crimes of that nature, are seldom able 
to pay small charges, much less such an enormous sum as 
must arise in that case. — 

3*^'^ The shire Town should be as near the Centre of the 
District as may be, & where entertainment may be had. To 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 341 

this Article our opponents have subscribed. But Machias 
is the nighest the centre, the Inhabitants are numerous and 
very compact. A Court could be better accommodated there, 
than at any other settlement in the proposed district; and 
Hundreds of strangers could be there entertained. Our 
Meeting-house could be converted into a Court-house and 
the Block-house to a Coal. Let it be taken in any view, 
Machias is the most suitable place, best situated, most in- 
habited, and nighest the centre. — 

4:^^ As the Delegates in their Representation, have not 
given any reason or objected against having a Court of Pro- 
bate and Register of Deeds, we must infer they acquiesce 
therein. — 

5''' The exertion of -Machias (with the assistance rec'd from 
the hon"^ Legislature) was the means of preserving to this 
State, all the Country east of Penobscot ; for had we not 
held out against the enemy, or had v\-e come into ^V Shaw's 
propos'd plan of Neutrality, all the other settlements as far 
west as Penobscot, (at least,) would have fell to Britain; 
and the British Ministry would have had foundation for a 
demand to the right of Territory aforesaid and the American 
Ministers at Paris, could have made no Plea against it. 

The Inhabitants of Machias, mean not to boast of their 
firm and unanimous affection for their Country, their numer- 
ous exertions in its cause or the success which has crowned 
their faithful efforts : Nor do they plead these as meritorious 
of some signal favor — They have only done their duty. And 
as they were firm and detei-mined in War, so they mean and 
wish to support the Character of good Citizens in Peace, and 
desire nothing more, than that the honest & industrious should 
be protected, and the vicious punished. 

Stephen Smith, Joseph Li])bee \ Committee 
Morris O'Brien, J Noble Shannon / of 

Benj Foster / Correspondence 

Stephen Jones Jus'' Peces 
:^[achias May 12"' 1784 



342 DOCUMENTARY IIISTOEY 

Petition of Pelatiah Warren and Others. 

To the Honourable Senate, & the Honourable, House of 
Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
in General Court Assembled At their May Session, 1784. 

The Petition of the Subscribers Humbly Sheweth that 
Your petitioners were cheifly brought up, & Accustomed to 
Husbandry business, and having but small fortunes to set 
out in the world with, cannot purchase farms Already Sub- 
dued & under Cultivation, & being willing to labour, & do 
all we can in Clearing, &; Cultivating the wilderness. 

Therefore pray the Honourable Court would Grant us a 
Gore, or tract of Land in the County of Cumberland, between 
the plantations of Bakerstown & Silvester Northwesterly & 
Southeasterly, & Shepherdsfield, & Androscoggin River 
Xortheasterly & Southwesterly, for what the Same is worth 
in the present wilderness State it lays in, & such other Re- 
strictions as shall be thought proper. And your petitioners 
as in duty bound shall ever pray 
May 26, 1784 

Pelatiah Warren, Benjamin Parker Jun, Lemuel Megray, 
Elias Davis, Micah Dyer, James Wagg Jun'' Tristram War- 
ren, Daniel Cooper, Tobias Ricker, Benjamin King, John 
Cutting, Joshua Strout, ISTat Gavist, John Winslow William 
Gerish, Nathaniel Garish, George Garish Jun"" Ichabod War- 
ren, Ebenezer Warren, Jacob Lord Jun"", Amos Goodwin, 
John Warren, Andrew Ellet, Edmund Warren, Edmund 
iSTeall, Nathaniel Walker, Silas Goodwin, Dominicus Good- 
win, Thomas Bragdon S'', Elisha Hill ?>^, John Plaisted 

James Lunt to John Avery Jr. Esq. 

Falmouth Mar'' 12^" 1784 
Sir 

I this day rec*^ yours of y^ V^ Inst, informing me of my 
being Elected Coir of Excise for y" County of Cumberland, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 343 

for the ensuing year; Tis with pleasure Sir, — I Accept the 

Office; And shall endeavour impartially to Execute the Trust 

reposed in me. — 

I am, sir, your most Obliged, Humb' Servant, 

James Lunt 
John Avery jun"" Esq"" 

In Senate May 28*'' 1784 

Read and sent down 

S Adams Presid' 

In the House of Representatives May 28. 1784 

Read & sent up 

Sam A Otis Speak"" 



Proceedings of Delegates from Mt. Desert and Other Places. 

Att a Meeting of the Delegates legally appointed by the 
Inhabitants of the Several Townships laying between the 
river Penobscot and Machias in the County of Lincoln and 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts at Goulds bourough 20 
April 1784 to Consider of a petition from a ISTumber of 
Inhabitants of Machias and others as is more fully sett forth 
in an order of the Honb'" Legislature of Said Commonwealth 
bearing date the 17'^'' October 1783 Present 

James Avery Esq"" from Machias, John Bean from french- 
man bay, Cap' Jos Willson from pleasent River, Cap* Will"" 
JSTickells from Narraguagus, James Richardson from ]\[ount 
Desert Jonathan Stevens from N" 4 Francis Shaw Esq"" Col° 
iSTathan Jones Doctor Ben]"" Allen ]\P Thomas Hill \ from 
Gouldsbou rough 

Made Choice of Cap* William Nickles Chairman and 
James Avery Clerk 

Moved, by M"" Avery that the present Justices of the In- 
feriour Court and Justices of the Sessions hold one Tenn 



344 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

in the year at N° 4 in Eastern Six Townships, pass'd in 
-L^egative ]\Ioved, by M"" Avery that a register or Deputy 
register of Deeds be appointed for this County, pass'd in 
JSTegative Moved, that the present Judge of Probate hold 
two Courts in the Year in this part of the County, pass'd in 
iSJ'egative Voted that Francis Shaw Esq'" Doctor Allin and 
M"" Richardson be a Committee to draw up the Sentiments 
of this meeting and report the Same. 

The Committee Reported a letter to His Excellency the 
Governor & Hon""^ Lageslative of this Commonwealth — 
which was read & accepted, and Signed 

W Xickles Ch^ J Avery Clerk (Copy) 

Voted that Francis Shaw Esq"" & Doctor Allen present said 

Letter to the Gov"" <fe Gen' Court, both or either of which 

be empowered to attend that Service 

Attest Ja' Avery, Clerk 

Gouldsborough 29 May 1784 
By Virtue of the Authority in Us Vessted by the Deligates 
of the several Towns, laying between the said Rivers Penob- 
scot & Machias, We do hereby Constitute & appoint Henry 
Alline Esq'' of Boston & W°' Shaw Esq"" of Gouldsborough, or 
either of them, to Present the Proceedings of this Conven- 
tion, To His ExcelF and their Honors, and to Act in our 

Behalf — 

Era: Shaw Benj'^ Alline 



Report of Committee. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

The Committee of both Houses on the Petition of the In- 
habitants of jMachias & others, a Resolve of the General 
Court thereon, and the Papers accompanying the same, find- 
ing that some further Light is necessary in order to deter- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 345 

mine the minds of the Committee, beg leave to report that the 
whole be referred to the next Sessions of the General Court, 
that the Parties concerned may have an opportunity of fur- 
nishing such further evidence as may be necessary 

Cotton Tufts p'" order 
In Senate June 12, 1784 

Read & accepted & orderd that the said Petition and papers 
be referrd accordingly 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 

In the House of Representatives June 15, 1784 

Read and concurred 

Sam A Otis Spk"" 



Bill to Establish a Court at Machias. 

In the Year of our Lord one Thousand Seven Hundred & 
Eighty four 
Whereas the Inhabitants of that part of the County of 
Lincoln Eastward of Union River labour under peculiar 
difficulties, (when obliged to attend the Courts of Common 
pleas and General Sessions of the peace for said County 
which are now hoi den at Pownalborough only ; And Whereas) 
for the security of their purchases of Real Estate, and the dis- 
tribution and settlement of the Estates of any deceased among 
them — and for the doing and transacting of many matters 
and things relative thereto they are obliged with great ex- 
pence and trouble — frequently to repair to Pownalborough 
in which place alone the Court of the Judge of Probate and 
for granting Letters of Administration &"'' for said County, 
and the Office of Register of Deeds is now held and kept ; 
And Whereas every subject of a good Government ought to 
obtain Right and Justice with the least possible trouble and 



346 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

expence; And whereas Publick Justice and Public Institu- 
tions ought to he equally and in due proportion supported 
and maintained by, and the Benefits arising therefrom as 
far as the Nature of things will admit equally diffused among, 
Subjects of the same Government. 

Thereupon Be it enacted by the Senate and House of 
Representatives in General Court assembled, and by the 
Authority of the same, That from and after the passing of 
this Act, the Court of Common Pleas and Court of General 
Sessions of the Peace for said County of Lincoln be, and 
they are hereby directed to be, held once a Year at Machia j 
in said County; and that the Jui*ors summoned to hear and 
determine the matters and things triable by said Courts at 
their Sessions at Machias aforesaid, or that may hear and 
determine the same be summoned and chosen from among the 
Freeholders of said Eastern part of said County — and that 
the said courts be held at Machias aforesaid on the first 
Tuesday of September annually, any Law, Usage or Custom 
to the Contrary notwithstanding 

And be it further enacted by the Authority aforesaid that 
a Register of Deeds be appointed by the said Eastern part of 
said County, and they the said Eastern part are hereby 
authorized and empowered to choose, have and Appoint a 
Register of Deeds in the same manner, at the same times 
and for the same terms as Register of Deeds are chosen by 
the respective Counties of this Commonwealth, and the sev- 
eral Towns, Townships and plantations within said part of 
said County are hereby vested with the same powers for the 
purpose of choosing said Register as the several Towns in the 
respective Counties of this Commonwealth are by Law in- 
vested with, and the several Justices within said Eastern 
part of said County are hereby authorized and empowered, 
by summons for that purpose to call a ^Meeting of the In- 
habitants of the several Towns, Townships and plantations 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 347 

aforesaid for the purpose aforesaid, and the said Justices are 
liereLy further empowered to receive the Vot^s of the said 
Inhabitants of the several Towns, Townships and phmta- 
tions aforesaid, to seal up the same and them to return to 
the Court of General Sessions of the Peace tlien next to he 
holden wathin said County of Lincoln, and said Court at 
such Sessions shall declare the choice of said Register and do 
in and about the same as the several Courts of General Ses- 
sions of the Peace within this Commonwealth are by Law 
authorized and empowered to do in the Choice of Registers 
of Deeds for any County within said Commonwealth, the 
said Register to be sworn, give Bond and comply with the 
Requisites by law made and provided for all Registers of 
Deeds within said Commonwealth. And the said Register 
of Deeds shall keep his office in Machias aforesaid and shall 
register and record all such Conveyances and Purchases of 
Real Estates lying within said Eastern part of said County 
of Lincoln as are directed and pointed out by law to be regis- 
tered and recorded, and all deeds and conveyances of Land 
lying in said Eastern part registered and recorded in said 
Register's Office at Machias aforesaid shall be good and ef- 
fectual in Law and enure to the same purposes as those 
registered in any County Register's Office within this Com- 
monwealth, any law, usage or custom to the contrary not- 
withstanding 

And be it further enacted by the Authority aforesaid, that 
the Judge of Probate of Wills and for granting Letters of 
Administration &" be hereby ordered and directed to hold 
his Court of Probate &^ twice in a Year, to wit, on the First 
Tuesday of May and on the first Tuesday of September at 
Penobscott, (and that a Register of probate be forthwith ap- 
pointed who shall reside at said Machias and whose Attesta- 
tions to, and Certificates of, any Records in said Judge's 
Court, and whose Acts, and any Writing under whose hand 



348 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

as Register aforesaid shall be as good and Effectual in Law 
to all intents and purposes as the Acts, Writings, Attestations 
and Certificates of any Register of probate within this Com- 
monwealth, any law, usage or custom to the contrary not- 
withstanding — 

And be it further enacted by the Authority aforesaid, that 
in convenient time before the sitting of the Courts of Com- 
mon pleas and General Sessions of the peace at Machias 
aforesaid the Clerk for said Courts shall issue out Warrants 
directed to the respective Justices of the Peace living in said 
Eastern part of said County of Lincoln, which Justices re- 
spectively authorized, empowered and directed upon receiving 
the same to assemble the Ereeholders of the said Townships 
& Plantations within the said Eastern Part of said County 
of Lincoln for the purpose of electing and choosing so many 
good & lav/ful Men of the said Townships and plantations as 
the Warrant to the aforesaid Justices shall direct, and the 
several Townships and plantations by each of said Justices 
to be assembled as aforesaid, for the purpose aforesaid shall 
be specified in each Warrant, and the respective Justices shp/ 
summon the persons so chosen in the respective Townships 
and plantations, which in the Warrants to them by the Clerk 
aforesaid they and each of them are directed to assemble; 
to attend accordingly at the time and place in such Warrants 
specified, and shall make timely return of their Warrants 
unto the said Clerk — and the Jurors chosen as aforesaid 
that shall make default shall be liable to the same fines that 
Jurors for the Courts of Common pleas and General Sessions 
of the peace throughout the Commonwealth are by Law liable 
to, which fines shall be inflicted, levied and disposed of as is 
by Law provided for the Default of other Jurors who are in 
the ordinary method summoned to attend any Courts of 
Common Pleas or General Sessions of the peace throughout 



OF TILE STATE OF MAINE 349 

the Commonwealtb, any law, usage or custom to the contrary 
notwithstanding. 

Petition of the Court of t^essions of Cumberland County. 

To the Honorable Senate and the Honorable House of Repre- 
sentatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts — in 
General Court assembled 

The Court of General Sessions of the Peace for the County 
of Cumberland, himibly pray that your Honors would order 
the Treasurer of the said Commonwealth to pay to the Treas- 
urer of said County, through the hands of the Honorable 
John Lewis Esq"" the amount of the Accounts accompanying 
this Petition, viz The Account of Sam' Freeman Esq"" 
£3 . 14 . — The xVccount of John Waite Esq"" 2 . 13 . 4 & The 
Account of Thomas Motley 3.10— in y" whole £9 .. 17 .. 4. 

the two lirst being for the Charges of carrying into effect 
the Request of the Treasurer of the Commonwealth respecting 
the delinquent Towns & Plantations in this County — & the 
other for supporting in the Goal of said County one Thomas 
Oxnard a State, Prisoner who was liberated by order of his 
Excellency the Governor 

Which Accounts have been allowed l)y said Court of Ses- 
sions &orderd to be paid out of the Treasury of said County — 

And as in duty bound will pray 

By Order of said Court of Sessions 

Sam' Freeman Cler 
Falm'' June 10, 1784 

In Senate Jime 24"^ 1784 

Read & thereupon Ordered that this Petition & Accounts 

accompanying be committed to the Committee on Accounts 

for Examination and allowance 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 



350 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

111 the House of Representatives June 24, 1784 

Read & Non-concurred 

Sam A Otis Spk"" 

Account of the County of Cumberland Against the Common- 
wealth. 

The Conimomvcalth of IVIassachusctts to the County of Cum- 
berland D-- 1784 May 

To Sam' Freeman Esq"" Account for his Service as Clerk 
of the Court Sessions to carry into Effect the Request of the 
Treasurer of said Commonwealth in respect to delinquent 
Towns & Plantations £3.14 

To John Waite Esq"" Sheriff" for serving the Orders of said 
Court £2 .. 13 .. 4 

To Thomas IMotley Goal Keeper for boarding Thomas 
Oxnard 7 Weeks p"" his Acct" herewith 3 .. 10 — Total 
£9:17:4 

The above Accounts were allowed by the Court of General 
Sessions for said County of Cumberland — which was begun 
& holden at Falmouth in said County in the last Tuesday of 
May A D 1784 — and Order'd to be charged to the said 
(,^ommon weal til, — The Said Court pray that the above ac- 
count may be allowed — 

Att. Sam' Freeman Clerk 

The County of Cumberland to Sam' Freeman D"" 1784 May 

To making out & recording the Orders of y^ Court of 
Sessions last Octob"' Term upon Certificate of the State 
Treasurer including the Order to the Sheriff & Copy of the 
Same — £.. — 18 — 

To making out 8 Commissions to Persons appointed to the 
Officers — & making Returns on said Certificates £2.16 — 

Total £3.. 14 — 

Received an Order on the County Treasurer for the above 

Sam' Freeman 



OF THE STATE OF >rAINE 351 

The County of Cumberland to Tho^ Motley D^ 1784 :\ray. 
To Boarding Thomas Oxnard 7 Weeks a 10/ £3 .. 10 .. — 
X. The said Oxnard was committed for returning from 
Banishment & liberated by Order of his Excellency y^ Gover- 
nor Eec^ an Order on y* County Treasurer for y^ above 

Thomas Motley Goal Keeper 

The County of Cumberland to John Waite D"" May 1784 
To serving several Towns & Plantations with an Order of 

Court for choosing Officers to collect Taxes £2 .. 18 .. 4 

Receiv'd an Order on the County Treasurer for the 

above — 

John Waite Sheriff 



Petition of John Alhni for Land in Pnsamaquody. 

To The Hon""' the Senate and House of Representatives of 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

The ]\remorial of John Allan Late Superintendent of In- 
dian Affairs in the Eastern Department in behalf of Him- 
self & others 

Humbly Sheweth 

That your Memorialist in the Month of Octol^er 1766 was 
oblidged, in Consequence of the Contest between the United 
States & Britain to retire from Nova Scotia, leaving His 
family and a Valu;il)lc property, the former after much diffi- 
culty and Expence removed into this Country, and a great 
Part of the latter was destro.yed by the Britains — 

That in the Month of January following, Your Memorial- 
ist was appointed by the Hon"'^ Congress Superintendent of 
Indian Affairs in Eastern Department, and soon after Com- 
manding Officer of the Troops station'd at Machias, that to 
the End of the War Ilis whole time was devoted to the said 
business, as well His family what Concern'd the Indians — 



352 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

At the Conclusion of the War yonr ^Memorialist made re- 
port to His Excellency the Governor of this Commonwealth 
and the Hon''"' Congress, the State of the department and 
situation of the Eastern Country as it stood disputable re- 
specting the boundarys with Britain, and altho' not dis- 
charged by this Government, View'd himself no further in 
a Military Capacity. — The Hon'''^ Congress were pleased 
in June last to renew His Commission as Superintendent in 
Order to make a final settlement with the Indians, during 
the time of prosecuting this business, Your Memorialist En- 
deavour 'd all in His Povrer to prevent the Subjects of the 
British King, settling on those Valuable Lands situated in 
the Bay of Passamaquody, known to be the Indubitable Bight 
of this Commonwealth But Peace being now Settled it ap- 
pears His Service is no more Necessary — 

Your Memorialist has not received any Perquisite or 
Ammolument arising from His Situation & ranque in the 
Service, Except Pay and Kations a great part of which is 
still due, nor would he have given Your Honours this 
Trouble, had ISTova Scotia, as was Expected, fell into the 
United States 

Your Memorialist at an Early Period, was Averse to the 
form of the British Government, it was the principle Reason 
of Coming into the United States, to become a Citizen, nor 
does He ever intend to return under the Jurisdiction of the 
former — Your Memorialist is without any Personal Prop- 
erty within the United States, Except what is due for His 
Publick Services, Having at the sametime a large family to 
Provide for 

Your Memorialist woud further beg leave, to Solicite in 
behalf of Three Officers and Fifeteen Soldiars who have 
Continued in the department during the War, as allso for 
Eighteen other persons, formerly Inhabitants of Nova Scotia 



OF TILE STATE OF MAINE 353 

now in the States, for some lands in Consequence of their 
Services & Sufferings 

Therefore your Memorialist Humbly Prays, that your 
Honours woud be Pleased to take this under Consideration, 
and allow for a Settlement, to the several persons before 
mention'd, a SufRciancy of Lands in the Bay of Passama- 
quody, Agreeable to what in Your Honours Wisdom they 
may Marret and Deserve. 

And Your Memorialist as in Duty bound will Ever Pray 

J Allan 
Boston June 2°"' 1784 

In Senate June 29"^ 1784 

Read and thereupon Orderd, that the Petitioner have leave 
to withdraw his Petition agrcable to his request. 

Attest Wiir Baker Juu-" Clk to the Senate 



Order on the Petition of Pelntiah Warren & Others. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate July 2'^ 1784 

Ordered, that the petition of Pelatiah Warren & others, be 
committed to the Committee for examining into the claims to 
the unappropriated Lands in the County of York «& Cumber- 
land, appointed by a resolve of the General Court of May 
the first 1781; & that the said Committee be & they are 
hereby directed as soon as may be, to ascertain the just 
boundary lines of the several Plantations, mentioned in the 
said Petition, and to take a plan of the Gore or Tracts of 
Lands that may belong to this Commonwealth, situate be- 
tween them or any of them, and make report thereof together 
with the quality & value of the same to the General Court 
at their next Session 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 



24 



354 documi:ntaky history 

111 the House of Representatives July 2'' 1784 
Read and concurred 

Sam A Otis SpF 



Report of Committee on Lands in the County of Lincoln. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

July 7, 1784 

The Committee appointed, by a Resolve of the 28*'' of 
October last, to examine the Claims to the unappropriated 
lands in the County of Lincoln, &c, take leave to report. 

that agreeable to a Resolve of the General Court of the 
22'' of March last, they have contracted with a surveyor to 
lay out three townships, & lot the same, on the ISTortheast 
side of Penobscot river, between the lands claimed by the 
Indians & the upermost of the twelve townships, so called, 
which said three townships will soon be ready for sale. 

the Committee report that, though, by their report of the 
third instant, they have described the extent, and boundaries 
of the patent made to Beauchamp & Leverett, yet as the ex- 
tent and boundaries of the said patent are not agreed on or 
settled by Government, and the persons interested therein; 
and therefore it cannot be determined, what lands belong to 
Government, between the said patent, and the lands claimed 
by the Indians, till the said boundaries are settled, they have 
not sent a surveyor to locate the townships mentioned in last 
recited Resolve, between the river Penobscot and Kennebeck, 
finding, on further enquiry, that Government might incur a 
considerable expence, in lajdng out the said townships on 
lands, the property & title whereof, are not yet ascertained, 
& which no person, probably, would purchase at the full 
value, until the same be determined — 

The Committee being persuaded, that Government are de- 
sirous of ascertaining with certainty the eastern boundary of 



JF THE STATE OF MAIJS'E 355 

this Commonwealth, before they woiikl incur the expence of 
laying out townships on the river St Croix ; they have hither- 
to omitted to locate any lands on that river — 

the Committee have particularly attended to the Circum- 
stances of many of the twelve townships, so called, the con- 
ditions of the Grants thereof, the number of proprietors, & 
others settled thereon, with their settlements, & Improve- 
ments, and find that in the year 1762 the General Court of 
this then province granted twelve townships to a number of 
persons, upon condition, that they should, in eighteen months 
from the date of the grant, procure the approbation of the 
King of Great Britain, to said grants, and upon certain other 
conditions mentioned therein,; that said term of eighteen 
months was several times lengthened for some of the 
grantees to procure the approbation of the King, but which 
however never v;as obtained by any of them ; and that some 
of the other conditions of said grants have been performed 
by a part of the said grantees; that a number of the said 
grantees and others have settled upon said lands, principally, 
between the years 17G4 & 1774, about five hundred heads of 
families who have erected buildings, & made considerable 
improvements ; whence, the Committee are of opinion that 
the said grantees & settlers have, in strict law, no legal title 
to said lands, yet that it will be equity and good policy, in 
the Government, to quiet them, (making some few excep- 
tions) in their possessions, on mild & favorable terms, and 
the Committee hope by the next Session of the General Court 
to compleat their enquiries rispecting said twelve townships; 
& the circumstances of the said grantees, settlers & others 
concerned therein, and to be able to report to the General 
Court. 

And the Committee find that there are a great number of 
settlers, who have entered upon the lands of the Common- 
wealth elsewhere erected buildings thereon, & made some im- 



356 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

provemeiits; many of whom have applied for a confirmation 
of their possessions to them, upon reasonable terms — re- 
specting these settlers, the Committee are of opinion that 
those, who have applied or shall, personally apply to the 
General Court, for that purpose, have granted & confirmed 
to them said lands by them possessed, upon condition, they 
pay therefor, the value thereof, were they in a State of 
JiTature. — 

As to the other claims of individuals, or private Com- 
panies, to the said unappropriated lands which have been 
laid before the Committee, they will use all reasonable dili- 
gence to be in readiness to report at the next Sessions of the 
General Court — 

Sam' Phillips jun'' 

Nathan Dane 
Tn Senate July d'"" 1784 

Read & accepted 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 

Tn the House of Representatives July 9"^ 1784 

Read and concurred 

Sam A Otis Spk"" 

Act empowering the Gov^ to renew the Liceiice of certain 

Absentees 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts In the Year of our LORD 
one thousand seven hundred & eighty four. 

An Act empowering the Governor, with the Advice of 
Council, to renew the Licences of certain Persons therein 
mentioned to reside within this Commonwealth. 

Whereas in Pursuance of an Act, intitled '*An Act for 
repealing two Laws of this State, & for asserting the free & 
sovereign Right of this Commonwealth, to expell such Aliens 
as may be dangerous to the Peace & Good Order of Govern- 



OF THE STATE OF :MAINE 357 

ment ;" the Governor, with the Advice of Council, did, since 
the last Sessions of the General Court, grant Licences to 
George Spooner, John Amory, Thomas Oxnard, Xathaniel 
Chandler, Thomas Brattle, David Greene, & Isaac Winslow, 
to reside within this Commonwealth. And whereas, the said 
Licences will expire with the present Sessions of the General 
Court, & the Persons aforesaid be exposed to be sent out of 
this State, agreeable to the Provision made in the Act afore- 
said. And whereas there will not ])e sufficient time & Op- 
portunity for the General Court, in their present sessions, to 
inquire into the Characters & Conduct of the said Persons; 
Be it therefore enacted by the Senate & House of Representa- 
tives in General Court Assembled, & by the Authority of the 
same, that the Governor with the Advice of Council be, k he 
is hereby authorized & empowered to renew the said Licences, 
which Licences, being thus renewed, shall be, & continue in 
Force untill the third Wednesday of the next sitting of the 
General Court, 

Resignation of Ediu^ Grow. 

York Sepf 20*" 1784 
Sir, 

As the Town of York was pleased to chuse me at their 
Annual Meeting in May last to represent them at the General 
Court I am under the necessity to resign my Office as Col- 
lector of Import & Excise for the County of York — You 
will please to communicate this to General Court that some 
person may be appointed in my Koom — 

I am. Sir, With great Esteem Your most Obed' hble Serv' 

Edw*^ Grow 
In Senate Oct 15 1784 

Read & sent down 

S Adams Presid' 
John Avery jun"" Esq"" 



358 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Towns ivhicli have returned their valuation. 

Marlboro, South Brimfield, Eoyalston, Weymouth, Chil- 
mark, Lebanon, Milford, Westford, Greenfield, Truro, 
Chelsea, Douglas, Grafton, Hingham, Southampton, Palmer, 
Southboro, Shrewsbury, Stowe, Orange, Salem, Sylvester, 
Oakham, Lynn, Windham, Colerain, Sudbury, Bridgtown, 
Warwick, Wells, Pepperelboro, Greenwich, Gorham, Fram- 
ingham, Stoneham, Templeton, Pepperel, Sutton. 



Mr. Wyman.s Petition. 

Commonwealth of jMassachu setts 

To the Hon Senate & the Lion House of Representatives of 
s^ Commonwealth in General Court Assembled — 

The Petition of Xathaniel Wyman in behalf of the town 
of Georgetown and Bath, the former of which he has the 
Honor to represent. 

humbly sheweth — 

That the s'' Town being situated on the Sea Coast at the 
mouth of the Kennebec River have (during the war) been 
exposed to the depredation of the enemy in an uncommon 
manner 

That from the dangers to which they were exposed they 
have frequently been obliged to support Guards at the en- 
trance of the s*^ River at their own expence, while the many 
alarms with which they were harrassed prevented their at- 
tending to the necessary support of their families. 

That notwithstanding those distressing circumstances they 
readily complied with every requisition of Government untill 
the enemy got possession of Penobscut 

That since that period their Coasting Vessells & fishing 
Boats have been all captured by the numerous british 
Cruisers which for a Series of four years past have con- 



OF THE STATE OF :MAINE 359 

tinually infested the eastern Shores and their communica- 
tion with the Western ports so far cut off that a Cord of 
Wood has l)een often sold by the inhabitants of those Towns 
to traders from the Westward for a pound of Coffee; a 
thousand of boards for a gallon of Xew England Rum & 
other things in proportion — 

That taking these their distressed circumstances into con- 
sideration the Legislature repeatedly excused them from 
raising their quota of three years men for the army untill 
the further Order of that august Body, though they were at 
the same time required to raise their pi-oportion of men for 
the defence of the County of Lincoln which they punctually 
and cheerfully performed besides being at the extra expence 
of supporting Guards for their own particular security & 
were often obliged to give private incouragement to the 
Troops raised in those Towns besides the wages allowed them 
by the General Court, for which extra expences They have 
never asked for any compensation for Government — that 
they have always borne their full proportion in raising the 
men aforesaid for the defence of said County but as they 
have lost all their Vessells, and been prevented from any fish 
or Lumber for four years past an enormous weight of back 
taxes now rests upon them & which they can never discharge 
without the aid of the Legislature your petitioner therefore 
huml)ly prays that the said Town may be exempted from 
paying the taxes assessed upon them for not procuring their 
three year three and five months men as in duty bound will 

ever pray 

Nath Wyman 



Petition of William Jones of Bristol. 

To the Honorb' Sennit and Hous of Representves in General 
Court Essembled 



360 ■ DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

The Petition of William Jones of Bristol in the County of 
Lincoln in Belialfe of said town whereas it appears to your 
Petitioner that said town was over Rated in the Last taxt 
your petitioner Prayes that a Committee may be Chosen to 
uertaine the Reasons How that town Could be taxd higher 
then any in that County and two towns stands much higher 
in the State bill or velowation — that said town may be re- 
leved in such Way as you in Your Wisdom Shall think T>est 
and Your Petitioner as in Duty bound Shall Ever Praye 

William Jones 



Petition of Plantation of Raymonion. 

To the Honorable Senate and the Honorable House of Rep- 
resentatives 

The Petition of the Inhabitants of the Plantation called 
Raymontown humbly sheweth 

That your Petitioners Find themselves at a very great 
Difficulty indeed 

The Llonorable Legislature has ordered a Tax on this In- 
fant Plantation by what mistaken Information we cannot 
undertake to say — An Execution has been ordered and the 
sheriff of the County has been among us — which induced 
your Petitioners to send a Petition to the Honorable Court 
setting forth our Poverty and Inability to bear Publick 
Burdens or even as yet by our utmost Industry in this Cold 
Wilderness to Supply our Selves and Families with neces- 
saries of Life — 

But to our Mortification we cannot Learn that the Hon- 
orable Court has taken any IsTotice of our Petition and Rep- 
resentation — Your Petitioners have therefore reason to 
conclude themselves under the most Disagreeable Imputation 
of Disobedience to Civil Government & of an Indisposition 
to that publick Duty ought to perform. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 361 

When the order of Court came for a valuation we were 
Determined to do everytliing in our Power to make the Hon- 
orable Court acquainted v/ith the true State of this Planta- 
tion But on Enquiery we cannot find that there are more 
than five who are Quallified to vote in any Legal meeting 
according to the constitution notwithstanding we have thirty 
seven Poles ratable and not ratable and one hundred and 
seventy Women and Children — 

We therefore humbly conceive that it is not possible for 
the Inhabitants of this Plantation to act in any Legal Meet- 
ing in the Choice of Assessors to conduct either publick or 
Private affairs however they may sutler on account of their 
condition not being properly Represented and Known — 

Your Petitioners Beg leave to say that they cannot sup- 
pose it to be the Intention of the Legislature when Justly 
Informed to order publick taxes on Plantations in their 
Present Circumstances — As they conceive it to be expect- 
ing the Harvest as soon as the corn is planted — 

Your Petitioners therefore Praj that the Honorable Court 
would not Disregard their humble Petition but grant them 
such Direction and Relief as in their Wisdom Justice & 
Humanity Shall appear Suitable and Equitable — and your 
Petitioners as in Duty bound Shall ever Pray 

Committee of the 



Joseph Dingley 
Thomas Crisp 



Plantation of 
Ravmontown. 



Petition of John Waite et al — Light House. 

To the Honorable the Sejiate & House of Representatives of 

the Common Wealth of Massachusetts in General Court 

Assembled 

The petition of the Owners & Masters of Vessells within 

the County of Cumberland in behalf of themselves and Others 

concern'' in Navagation Humbly Shew that a Light House is 



362 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

much wanted near the Harbor of Falmouth which will render 
the Navigation much safer especially to Foreigners coming 
from Europe in the winter season it will also be an exceeding 
good guide to the Coasters as well as Fishermen and Con- 
sequently be a great benefit not only to this Common Wealth 
but also to the United States and what is most of all will be 
a means of preserving the lives of many of our sea faring 
Brethren Your petitioners relying on the Wisdom of their 
Rulers fully convinced that nothing will be wanting on their 
part to encourage the Navigation and Fishery of the United 
States of America Humbly pray your Honors would grant 
that a Light House may be erected near the aforesaid Har- 
bor of Falmouth in such place as to your Honors may seem 
meet and your petitioners as in duty bound will ever pray 

John Waite, John Fox, John Kent, Tho : Robinson, Joseph 
M'=Lellan, Hugh M'^Lellan, Peleg Wadsworth, Richard Cod- 
man, Joshua Stone, David Smith, Seth Storer, W. Vaughan, 
Woodb^ Storer, James T. Noyes, Stephen Harding, Pearson 
Huntriss, Joseph Titcomb, James Phinney, Richard Cod- 
man Jun"", Somers Shattuck, John Thorlo, Henry Webb, A. 
Lowell, Nath Moody, James Simonton, Stephen Codman, 
W"" Jolly, Benj'' Woodman, Rob' Hilborn, Josiah Tucker, 
Daniel Riggs, Jack Randel, Will"' Harper, Edward Ander- 
son, William White, James Lunt jun"", Thomas Reed, John 
Bagley, Edward Watts, James Purrinton, Moses Noyes, Dan' 
Murphy, John Scott, Tho^ Sandford William Hobby, Jn° 
Archer, Dan' Davis, Enoch Hsley, Amos Greenleaf, Asa 
Stevens, William Green, Moses Plumer, Jonathan Morss, 
Lemuel Weeks, David Noyes, Hosea Hsley, Enoch Freed- 
man Jun"", Jn° Lowthor, Abijah Pool, John Kinney, John 
Tukey J"", Benj^ Poland, David Brasdish, Benj'' Titcomb 
Jun"", Nathaniel F. Fosdick, James Fosdick James Jewett, 
George Peirce, Thos Motley, Joseph Barnard, G Warren, 
Joseph Jackmauj Enoch Moody, Joseph Greenleaf 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 363 

The Petition of Nicholas Crosby. 

To the Hon''"' the Senate and House of Representatives in 

the Commonwealth of Massachusetts — 

The Petition of Nicholas Crosbv Humbly Sheweth that 

he was an Inhabitant of Penobscot before and at the time 

the British took Possession there, and in the year 1778 was 

appointed by the Hon''''' General Court Xaval Officer for that 

port, but when the Enemy took Possession there your Peti- 

tinor Rather than become Subject to British government left 

his Interest and Came to Salem in this Common Wealth — 

and has Resided there ever since — your Petitionar Xow 

Concludes to Return back to Penobscot to his lit til Interest 

left there and Humbly prays your Honours that he may be 

Reinstated in his former office — and your petitioner as in 

Duty bound Shall ever pray 

Nicholas Crosbv 



Govt's Message. 

Gentlemen of the Senate & Gentlemen of the House of 
Representatives 
Being prevented by indisposition from attending the Gen- 
eral Court in person, I have directed the Secretary to lay 
before you several Letters and Papers which I have received 
during the Recess, among which is one from His Excellency 
the Governor of South Carolina respecting the detention of 
some Negroes here belonging to the Subjects of that State. 
I have communicated it to the Judges of the Supreme Judi- 
cial Court, their observations upon it is with the Papers, I 
have made no reply to the Letter, judging it best to have your 
Decision upon it — 



364 DOCUMENTARY IIISTOKY 

The Secretary will also lay before you the Account of past 
Expenditures, & an Estimate of what Monies will be wanted 
to discharge the expenditures of the year 1784 — 

I have called upon the Treasurer for the State of the 
Treasury, his observations thereon is with the Papers. 

While I was preparing to carry into effect your Eesolu- 
tion respecting the repossession of Penobscot, such a Variety 
of Circumstances occur'd, which I was not Authoriz'd to de- 
cide upon, that I found it impossible for me to take any 
steps relative to it with ease to my own mind or Satisfaction 
to the Public, I was therefore under the necessity of suspend- 
ing the matter, & leave it to be conducted according to the 
first Determination which was by giving Information to the 
nearest Magistrate, since which I have heard nothing, I am 
obliged therefore to refer it back to you for your final 
Decision. 

I have the Satisfaction to inform you that the Light House 
at the Entrance of Boston Harbor has been some time 
Lighted, & has been of great Utility in the late Tempestuous 
& inclement Season, the accomplishing this is entirely owing 
to the very great Attention & Assiduity of the Commissary 
General, & from my own Observations of his earnest en- 
deavors to compleat your Wishes, I cannot omit recommend- 
ing to your Notice so Merritorious an Offer of Government. 

The two Letters from Colonel Allen will give all the In- 
formation I have been able to collect respecting the Encroach- 
ments at the Eastern Parts of this Commonwealth, that 
Gentleman is now in Town, & Will be ready to attend if 
cali'd upon — 

I hope soon to have the Pleasure officially to lay before 
you the Definitive Treaty, as I shall every other matter of 
moment that may take place during your Session — 

John Hancock. 
Boston January 23'' 1784 — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 365 

Petition of Town of Bridgeton. 

Common Wcltli of Massachusetts 

Feb"" 1784 
To the Hon''''' the Senate and the House of Representatives 
of the Common Welth aforesaid in General Court 
assembled. 

The Petition of Reul)en Burnam Enoch Perley John 
Peabody Jesse Knap and Benjamin Kimball A Committee 
in behalf of the Inhabitants of the Plantation of Bridgeton 
Humbly shews. 

That by Virtue of an Act or Law of the General Court 
pass** the first of jSTovember 1782 ; the Court General Sessions 
of the Peace for the County of Cumberland are proceeding 
agreeable to the meathods Prescrib'' in s"^ Law to Collect a 
Tax from the Inhabitants of s*^ Plantation 

That the Sherriff of s^ County hath level*' an Execution on 
the Estate of the s'' Perley in consequence of their not fur- 
nishing their Quota of Beef for the Army in times past — 
That your Petitioners are sensible of the Call there now is to 
every Individual to mannifest all possible Exertions towards 
Supporting the creadit of the most i^oblc cause that we have 
lately been Ingag*^ in and heartily wish it was in their power 
to bear some part of the heavy Debt which the Common 
AVelth Labours under l)ut their circumstances are such that 
it is Impracticable for them to answer the above s'' Demands. 
That there is in s** Plantation but 32 Families 40 Rateable 
Poles and 179 Souls Ninety of which by Reason of Infancy 
and Old age are unable to Earn their own Support — 

That there is not a Sufficiency of Bread Raisd in s'' planta- 
tion for the use of its inhabitants — That s*^ plantation is 
Forty Miles from any Seaport Twenty miles of which s'' 
Petitioners have opend the Road at their Own Cost Twelve 
or fifteen of the Same is Still so Rough that no wheel Car- 



366 DOCUME^•TARY HISTORY 

riage has ever past — That the Greatest part of your peti- 
tioners were Possest of but Trifflcing intrests when they first 
adventured into this Wilderness that it has been and Still 
is with the Greatest difiiculty that they obtain a Bare Sup- 
port for their Own families, and not having any article of 
Commerce which they can Export are not able to make them- 
selves the possessors of one single Uoller in the Course of 
twelve months — That in Consequence of the above mentiond 
Tax being imposd your petitioners will be Obligd to dispose 
of all the Stock they now possess (which will not sattisfy s^ 
demands) and leaving their habitations Fly to such parts of 
the Common Welth where there is a Sirculation of Money ; 
That the numerous difficulties with v;hich your Petitioners 
are surrounded gives the Strongest hopes that they may be 
Viewd with tenderness and Compassion, Their most Earnest 
prayer therefore is that this Honourable Court would Free 
them from paying a publick Tax for the preasent, and give 
orders that s^ Execution be with drawn or that they may be 
Reliev^ in Such other manner as your Honours Wisdom may 
Sugest, and as in Duty Bound Shall Ever pray 

Reuben Burnam Jesse Knap. 

Enoch Perley Benj* Kimball 

John Peabody 



Govt's Message. 

Gentlemen of the Senate & Gentlemen of the House of 
Representatives 
The Secretary has laid before me your several Resolutions 
relative to the final Establishment of Peace — By one of the 
Resolves 'T am requested to order the discharge of Cannon, 
& such other Demonstrations of Joy on the 24^'' ins' as I may 
judge suitable to the Occasion — This Resolve is so very 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 36Y 

inexplicit that I am really at a loss to determine what the 
two branches of the General Court intend by such other 
Demonstrations of Joy — If you intend, Gentlemen, that they 
should be such as heretofore have been practiced upon such 
important Events, I must order a puldic Dinner to l)e pre- 
pared upon this Occasion; This was the Case upon the 
Proclamation of the very last Peace ; or perhaps you may 
design that only such Provision should be made in the State 
House, for the Accommodations of such Gentlemen as shall 
please to attend as has been usual upon Public days; T return 
you the Resolve by the Secretary. & as I wash to Conduct this 
matter both through the day & Evening in such a manner as 
to meet your Approbation, I must request you would be 
pleased to be more explicit respecting it, & I doubt not you 
will enable me to exhibit such Demonstrations of Joy as shall 
be fully answerabel to an Event so important &: Interesting 
to this & the other United States — 

John Hancock 
Boston Feb^' lO'*^ 1784. 



Preservation of Lands in Eastern Counties. 

Commonwealth of ]\rassachusetts 

In Senate March the S'** 1784 
Whereas on the 2S"' Day of Ocf Last a Resolve was passed 
by the General Court appointing a Committee to repair to 
the County of Lincoln and to take care of the Common- 
wealth's Lands there and to settle with those persons who 
have claims to Land within that County and whereas it ap- 
pears to the General Court that the Claims of Individuals 
to Lands in that County are very extensive and the Titles 
pretended to the same are very intricate by means whereof 
it would be unsuitable to place the power of the settlement 



368 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

of such Claims otherwise than hy a due Course of Law, in the 
arbitration of any other persons than the Legislature 

It is therefore Resolved that so far as it respects the ap- 
pointment and duty of the said Committee the Resoh'e afore- 
said be and hereby is repealed 

And it is also 

Resolved that 

be and they hereby are appointed a Committee to State 
and Lay before the General Court at the next Session there- 
of the extent of Lands Laying within the s** County of Lin- 
coln the Extent description and boundaries of all Claims of 
Properties Corporations or Companies of men to Land there, 
the Charters Patents Deeds or Grants such Proprietors Cor- 
porations or (bmpany, the Real boundaries intended in the 
said Conveyances, as well as the boundaries by which the 
Claimers pretend to hold, and the quantities of Land in each 
Claim over and above what is justly within their Title and 
that the Committee hereby appointed procure authenticated 
Copies of all Conveyances of Lands Claimed by Proprieties 
Corporations or Companies within that County and lay the 
same before the General Court and that there be a warrant 
drawn upon the treasury in favor of the said Committee for 
a sum not exceeding pounds to Enable them to pay 

the Registers of Deeds and other Persons from whose offices 
they may receive Copies in the perfecting of the business 
aforesaid and for paying such Artist as shall be by them em- 
ployed to make a plan if a plan shall be found necessary — 
the said Committee to be accountable for the same. 

Resolved that 

be and hereby are appointed a Committee to attend to all 
Grants made by the Government of this state of Lands in 
the County of Lincoln to inquire whether the Grantees have 
possessed themselves of more Lands than really intended in 
the Grants made and if any, how much, and to make a report 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 369 

of the Result of their inquiry to the General Court as soon as 
may be 

and also Resolved that 

he and they hereby are appointed severally and Jointly to 
attend to the Commonwealth's Lands in the County of Lin- 
coln to prevent the making strip and waste thereon and they 
are severally hereby required from time to time to find in 
writing to the Secretary's office the Xame of each person who 
shall be found cutting or carrying away any Trees Lumber 
or Wood the place of abode and the addition of the person 
trespassing, the day, as near as the same can be ascertained 
when the trespass was Committed - — the number and bigness 
of the Trees cut and the quantity of wood carried away in 
order that the General Court may give proper directions for 
the prosecution of such trespassers 

Read and not accepted 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Jan'' 31^' 1784 — 

Ordered that M"" Sullivan, M"" King & M' Russell with such 
as the Hon Senate may join be a Committee to consider what 
further measures are necessary to be taken for the preserva- 
tion of the puljlic lands in the Eastern Counties & report 
Sent up for concurrence 

Tristram Dalton Spk"" 
In Senate February 2" 1784 

Read & Concurred & Charles Turner & William Lithgow 

jun"" Esq"" are joind 

S Adams Presid' 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

The Committee of both Houses appointed to consider what 
further measures are necessary to be taken for the preserva- 
tion of the Publick Lands in the Eastern Counties, ask leave 
to report the Resolves accompanying 

Charles Turner p"" Order 

25 



370 DOCUMENTAKY IIISTOKY 

Respecting Continental Money. 

The Committee of both Houses appointed to consider what 
Measures are necessary to be adopted in Regard to the old 
continental Money in the Treasury of this Commonwealth & 
in the Hands of the Subjects thereof have attended that serv- 
ice & ask leave to Report by way of Resolve 

Nath Goodman p"" Order 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate March 10'*' 1784 

Resolved that the sum of old continental Money now in 
the Treasury of this Commonwealth shall be charged to the 
United States in part payment of the continental Tax as- 
sessed in the year 1782 at the Rate of Seventy Five Dollars, 
for one hard Dollar ^ & that the several sums of old con- 
tinental Money now in the Hands of the Citizens of this 
Commonwealth as soon as the sum shall be received into the 
Treasury thereof shall be charged to the United States in 
part payment of the said Tax & at the same Rate And in 
Order that the Holders of old continental Money being citi- 
zens of this Commonwealth may have Justice done them by 
receiving Governmental Securities or payment for the same 
in such other Way as the Legislature shall here-after deter- 
mine & at the same Time to prevent the Reception into the 
Treasury of this Commonwealth of any sums of old con- 
tinental Money now in the hands of the Citizens of other 
States. It is further Resolved that the Clerks of the several 
Towns, Districts & Plantations within this Commonwealth 
be & they hereby are directed & required to return into the 
office of the Secretary of this Commonwealth on or before 
the first day of June next true & exact Lists under Oath of 
all the Names of the Owners of the sum Total of old Con- 
tinental Money already by them respectively returned into 
the said Office in pursuance of former Resolves for that pur- 



or THE STATE OF MAINE 371 

pose with the particular sums belonging to each of them & 
affixed to their Names respectively 

And it is further Resolved that the Secretary of this Com- 
monwealth cause the Resolve to be immediately printed & as 
soon as may be furnish each of the Clerks aforesaid with a 
Copy thereof B 

Read & Accepted with Amendment at A 
at A, dele, from A to B 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S x^dams Presid' 



Jedediah Preble's Claim. 

To the State of Massachusetts Bay to Jedidiah Preble D"" 
1779 for Supply's for the Guards Stationed on Penol)Scott 
River by Order of Brig"" General Charles Cushion, Com- 
manded by Maj"" William Lithgow — 

(Amount of itemized bill 98 .. 15 .. 11) 

Errors Excepted 

Jedidiah Preble Jun"" 

Penobscott Fel/ 21, 1780 

This may Certify that in the year 1779 when I had the 
Command of a Party of Troops at Cambden and on Penob- 
scot River M*" Jeded*" Preble was appointed Commissary to 
Supply said Party with Provisions, and did Supply us dur- 
ing our continuance at Penobscot and also came frequently 
from his home which was near thirty miles from where said 
Party was posted, to bring us Supplys, the exact quantity 
Supply'd I am not able to ascertain but it appears to me that 
the above A ceo* is a just one. 

William Lithgow Jun"" 



372 



DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 



In Senate, March 11, 1784 

Read & Committed to the Committee of Accf to be ad- 
justed npon the best Evidence they can Collect — 
Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid* 
In the House of Representatives March 12, 1784 
Read & Concurred 

Tristram Dalton Speaker. 
March 15'*" 1784 

Examined and allowed Ninety Eight pound Fifteen Shil- 
lings & Eleven pence in full of the within account — 

E Starkweather, Charles Turner, J B Varnum 
M"" Ivers please to pay the within Acco* — 

E Starkweather. 
Received payment of Thomas Ivers Treasurer 

p"" Joseph Boyd 

A true Copy from the Original Lodg" in this office and 
Filed against the United States — 

John Deming, Peter Boyer [ Committee 

This is to impower Cap*^ Joseph Boyd to Settle an Acco' 
against the State of the Massach^'' Bay for Supplys to the 
Guard Posted on Penobscot River under the Command of 
Maj"" William Lithgow agreeable to Brig'' General Charles 
Cushings Warrant to me for that purpose 

Jedidiah Preble Jun"" 
Penobscott Sept' 19, 1780 
Test Jacob Tebbets Elisabeth Shute 

A true Copy — John Deming, Peter Boyer. 

Petition of hihabitants of Bridgetown. 

The Committee of both Houses to Whome was committed 
the petition of the inhabitants of Bridgetown praying for 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 373 

abatement of taxes, — have attended the Service and ask 
Leave to Report the following Resolve 

Stephen Choate p"" order 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate March 12^'' 1784 
Whereas it appears to this Court ; that the inhabitants of 
the plantation called Bridgetown by reason of their local 
Situation, and the uncultivated State of their Lands, are 
unable to bear a full proportion of the public burthen. Re- 
solved, that the Prayer of the said petition be So far granted, 
as that the Whole of the Sum Sett on the said plantation in 
the tax granted in March Last, to defray the charge of raising 
three years, three & five months men, ammounting to one 
hundred fifty four pounds three shillings & six pence be 
abated — And the Whole of the beef tax required of the Said 
inhabetants — And also one third part of all other taxes 
Granted to be assessed on the Said plantation Since the year 
Seaventeen Hundred eighty one — And it is further Re- 
solved that the treasurer be and he is hereby directed to 
credit the aforesaid plantation accordingly — and recall the 
execution issued against the Said Inhabetants for their de- 
ficiencies in their beef tax any Law or Resolve to the con- 
terary notwithstanding 
Read and Accepted 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid^ 

In the House of Representatives March 12, 1784 

Read & Non Concurred Tristram Dalton Spk'' 



Re: Petition of Hugh Hill. 

To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives in 
General Court Assembled — 
Humbly Shews 



374 DOCUMENTARY IIISTOEY 

Hugh Hill that in the year 1777 Col° John Allen was 
commissioned and empowered by the Government of this 
State to purchase certain Vessels for the use of the State and 
to contract therefor in their name & behalf — that in April 
in the same year he purchased of your petitioner a schooner 
for the sum of £133.. 6 ..8 for which he gave his note of 
hand payable on demand with interest that on 29*'' of Octo- 
ber last the principal of said note was paid in a due bill so 
called of that amount but that no interest hath been paid on 
said note — which in the long absence of your petitioner hath 
been mislaid but that such a note was given & that the interest 
hath not been will appear by the papers herewith exhibited & 
other evidence — 

AVherefore your petitioner prays that he may be paid the 
interest that became due on said note from the date thereof 
to the time the principal sum thereof was paid and as in duty 
bound will ever pray — Hugh Hill 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives March IS'"" 1784 

On the petition of Hugh Hill setting forth that in April 
A. D. 1777 Col° John Allen purchased of him a Schooner for 
one hundred & thirty three pounds six shillings & eight pence 
for the public use & gave his note of hand therefor, payable 
on demand, with interest, that the principal was paid in 
October last ; but that no interest hath been paid ; & that 
said note is mislaid ; & praying that the interest due on said 
note may be paid — 

Resolved there be paid out of the Treasury of this Com- 
monwealth to the said Hugh Hill the sum of fifty two pounds 
in full of the interest due on said note and in full of all de- 
mands the said Hill hath or may have against this Common- 
wealth or said Allen for said schooner — 

Sent up for concurrence Tristram Davis Spk"" 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 375 

Xewburyport June 29 1785 

this May Certify Whom it may Concern that we Agree^ 
with Stephen Hooper Esq"" some time aljout the month of 
February or March 1777 in behalf of Col" John Allan for A 
small Schooner for said Allan to Carry oh the Publlek busi- 
ness Committed to him 

that Coll Allan Inform us he had Given ]\I'' Hooper his 
ISTot for the same payable half in hard Money the other in 
paper 

that some time after Coll Allen Inform'' us we had order'' 
Money into our hands which Should it prove more than suf- 
ficient to pay our Selves the Remainder to be Paid ]\r Hooper 
but as that Money did not come into our hands to our Best 
Remembrance we never Paid M"" Hooper any part 

Step" Cross Ralph Cross Jun"" 

These may Certify that in April 1777, The Subscriber 
purchased a schooner from Cap^ Hugh Hill for the sum of 
£133 — 6 — 8, Giving a note of hand for the same on In- 
terest — which schooner was for the use of the United States 
in the service of the Indian Eastern Department, and the 
Interest not yet paid Cap^ Hill 

J Allan Superind' 
Indian Eastern Dep^ 
Boston January 30'*^ 1782 



Govt's Message. 

Gentlemen of the Senate & Gentlemen of the House of 
Representatives 
Whenever a doubt arises in my own mind with respect to 
any Law, the Execution of which is committed to me, I feel 
a great Satisfaction in having it in my power to make Appli- 
cation where I am confident of finding relief; & for that pur- 



3Y6 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

pose, I beg leave for a moment to draw the Attention of the 
two branches of the General Court to a Law pass'd July 2*^ 
1783 intitled "an Act to carry into Execution an Act made 
in the Year 1778, intitled An Act to prevent the return of 
certain Persons" &c By which Act I am obliged upon the 
Certificate of the Justices having committed to Goal any 
person or Persons the Objects of that Law immediately, or as 
soon as may be, at the expence of the Commonwealth, to 
cause such persons so committed to be transported to some 
part or place within the Dominion of the King of Great 
Britain &c under this predicament I have now in Custody 
Several persons, two in the Goal in this Town, two in the Goal 
in Worcester, & one in the Goal in Falmouth, County of 
Cumberland ; I am ever ready to carry into effect the Laws 
of the Commonwealth, & as I am to presume it is the De- 
sign of the two Branches of the Gen Court that the Law 
above recited should be executed without any reserve, I am 
to request they will furnish me with the means of providing 
for the Transportation of those persons who may come within 
the said Law, by x\utliorizing a Warrant upon the Treasurer 
for such a sum as you shall judge competent — 

John Hancock 
Council Chamber Boston March 19^'' 1784 



Govt's Message. 

Gentlemen of the Senate & Gentlemen of the House of 
Representatives 
I have directed the Secretary to lay before you for your 
perusal a Letter with its inclosures from the President of 
Congress respecting the Encroachments that are represented 
to them to have been made by British Subjects, at the East- 
ern parts of this Commonwealth, I have heretofore receiv'd 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 377 

a Letter from the Governor of Halifax upon the subject, & 
from the Disposition discover'd in that Letter I have no 
doubt but he will be ready to accommodate the matter to the 
Satisfaction of both States. I have also directed the Secre- 
tary to lay before you the Result of the doings of the Gov- 
ernor & Council heretofore upon the same Subject. I shall 
take the earliest Opportunity to open a Correspondence with 
Governor Parr at Halifax, & use my best Endeavors to bring 
this matter to as Speedy & happy an issue as possible agree- 
able to a request of Congress — To effect which I request 
you will be pleased to return me the papers transmitted me 
by Congress when most agreeable to you — 

John Hancock 
Council Chamber Boston March W 1784 



Re: Georgetown & Bath. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Represent^ March 22"*^ 1784 

On the Petition of Nathaniel Wyman, in behalf of the 
Towns of Georgetown & Bath, praying the said Tow^ns may 
be exempted from the payment of the Taxes assessed on them 
for not procuring their proportion of Three years, three & 
five months men — for the Reasons sett forth in said 
Petition — 

Resolved, that the Treasurer be, and he hereby is Ordered 
and directed to Credit the Town of Georgetown the sum of 
seven hundred & forty one pounds 11/3 — and the Towni of 
Bath the sum of four hundred & six pounds lG/0 being so 
much assessed on them for not procuring their proportion of 
Three years, three & five months men, any Resolve to the 
contrary notwithstanding — 



378 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Govt's Message. 

Gentlemen of the Senate and Gentlemen of the House of 
Representatives 
Embarrass'd as I find myself to be for want of Time to 
Consider the important Bills which were laid before me yes- 
terday Afternoon, I however feel a Disposition to submit to 
take upon my self a Burden plac'd upon me by one of them 
which I had the greatest Claim to be Excus'd from rather 
than the two Houses should be subjected to the inconvenience 
of remaining Sitting, when their wishes are so urgent to re- 
turn home — I therefore v^ill not make any Objections to the 
Bill intitled "An Act for repealing two Laws of this State, 
and for Asserting the rights of this free, sovereign Common- 
wealth to Expell such Aliens as may be dangerous to the 
Peace and good order of Government" And as the Import 
and Excise Act which was yesterday laid before me to which 
I have objections in its present mode, does not take place till 
the IS''' of June next, and consequently no Prejudice can 
arise by the delay of its passing 'till next Session ; I am under 
that Circumstance now ready to Comply with the request of 
the Two Branches of the General Court for a recess and will 
direct the Secretary to proceed accordingly if the two Houses 
Consent to the Suspension of that Bill — 

John Hancock 
Boston March SS'*' 1784. 



Petition of Thomastown. 

To the Hon^'^ Senate & House of Representatives of the 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

Whereas William Larmond of the town of Waren in the 

County of Lincoln Having presented a petition To This 

Honorable Court Requesting that a Carting Tract or pease 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 379 

of Land of his Lying in Tbomaston may he taken of from 
the said Thomaston and Adjourned to the said town of 
Warren — 

We your Petteioners in Lehalf of the said Thomaston 
lliimljly sliew that whereas the town of Warren jjeing the 
oldest incorporated town included part of the Lands Which 
is now the town of Thomaston by reason of the said Thomas- 
ton being two Small for a town Ship the Honorable Court 
Saw fit to take so much of the town of Warren as to make the 
town of Thomaston Convenant Which Land the said Lar- 
mond now Requests being part of the Land that has ben in 
Waren heartofore — but after the Incorporation of both the 
Towns and the Division being run Sum years the said Lar- 
mond Purchased the now Requested Land Which is in 
Thomaston and therefore we hope your honours will take it 
into your wise Consideration the unreasonableness of the 
request and the Damige it must be to us as a town and we 
your Petitioners are Ever bound in Duty to Pray 

Oliver Robins Jun*" j Select men 
John Simonton ; of 

Sam' Brown / Thomaston 



Petition of Town of Oxford. 

Common Welth Of Afassachusetts To the Honourable the 
Senate & house of Representatives of the Common Welth 
Affore Said — 
The petition of the inhabitants of the Town of Oxford 
humbly Sheweth — 

That altho the good people of this Common Welth have 
by the kind hand of Divine providence been preserved 
Through a Long Unatural & Cruel War and arived to the 
Injoyment of the blessings of peace in Our borders. And 



380 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

altho. in addition to the blessings affore said we are Favoured 
witli a good frame of Governments yet there are Certain 
matters of grievance which this Common Welth Labour un- 
der and this town as part of the same which We think may 
and Ought to Ije Redressed of which we Shall mention to 
your Honnours The following (Viz) 1'^- — Giving the im- 
post into the hands of the Hon"'® The Continental Congress 
to be under their Sole Controul Wee Conceive to be a 
grievance and in Our Opinion — Ought to be immediately 
Repealed — Not but that we Are free and willing that an 
impost on all imported Articles Should immediately take 
place — but the proceeds thereof Ought to be paid into the 
State treasury And in a Constitutional way Drawn Out by 
a Warrant From the Governor of this Common Welth and 
if Apropriated to Congress or any part thereof it Ought To 
be set to the Credit of this State that we may Receive the 
benefitt of the same, which we C^onceive No State in the 
Union has any Just Right To — 

2'^ — Wee Conceive that the Expence of Days of publick 
Rejoycing Ought not to be paid out of the publick Chest but 
ought to be paid by those who partake of The Same, and not 
by this Common Welth at Large 

3'^ Making large Grants to the Officers of the late Con- 
tinental Army or Officers of the publick — 

^lore than a reasonable pay for their services Wee Con- 
ceive a greivance — and under Our present Circumstances 
ought not to Be — And where Ever any have been made 
theretofore the ace* To be reconsidered — for in Our Opinion 
the Grants — Lleretofore made Cannot be more binding on 
the good People of this Common Welth than that of the 
Redemtion of the Old Continental money — which in Our 
Opinion most Earnestly Ought to be Urged By the General 
Court and that No grants of Further Sums of Money be 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 381 

made to the Congress until the Other States in the Union 
Shall Comply with the Redemtion of said money and that his 
Excelency the Governor be Requested not to sign Any war- 
rat on the Treasurer of this Common Welth for the remainder 
of the four Hundred thousand pounds which now is Assessed 
and paid Or to be paid Into the treasury — Untill a Redress 
be Obtained 

4}y — That the good people of this State are Greatly Op- 
pressed & Distressed for want of a proper Ballance of a Cir- 
culating ]\[ediam and that the Credit of this State Greatly 
Suffers from N"o Other Cause than the Necessities of the 
people and by Reason Of the State holding the property of 
Individuals — and so bind one part of the people Whereby 
the Other part make their I^ecessities Their Oppertunities — 
which much Agrieves the Good people of this State — 

And we pray that ways and means may be Found Out for 
Our Relief — 

We your Humble petitioner pray your Honnour To take 
these Matters into your wise Consideration And grant such 
Relief in your wisdom May See Just and Reasonable — 
Your petitioners as in J)uty bound Shall Ever Pray — 
John ]\Iayo \ 

Samuel Davis / Selectmen of 
Daniel Fisk . the Town of 

John Dana \ Oxford. 



Ebenezer Learned 
Oxford May 14"^ 1784 — By a Vote of 
this Town at a Meeting Legally Warned 

Annexation of St Georges Lower Town to Warren. 

To the Hon*''^ the Senate and House of Representative of 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. June, 1784 
The Petition of the Subscribers Inhabitants of a Tract of 



382 DOCUMEKTAEY HISTORY 

Land, being part of the Plantation called the lower Town of 
St Georges in the County of Lincoln Humbly Sheweth, That, 
we find ourselves greatly exposed to many Difficulties, & suf- 
fering many Inconveniences which we apprehend might be 
relieved by an Incorporation ; but lieing small, & no other 
Lands that we can conveniently (for us) be incorporated 
with 

Therefore your Petitioners humbly pray That our Lands, 
Bounded as followeth viz. Beginning at the Southeasterly 
Corner of the Town of Warren on the westerly Side of St 
Georges River, thence running southwesterly down said 
River about one Mile & three Quarters to the southeasterly 
Corner of Lot Number Sixteen belonging to Andrew Mal- 
com, thence west-northwest about four Miles to Waldobo rough 
Line, thence northerly by said Line, to the southwest Corner 
of Warren, thence east &c. by said Warren to the Bound first 
mentioned, may be annexed to the said Town of Warren, 
and that we with the Inhabitants thereof may be invested 
with the Powers, Priviledges & Immunities, that Towns in 
this Commonwealth do enjoy ; and your Petitioners as in 
Duty bound shall ever pray &c. 

Jonathan Nuttin, Seth Vose 
Richard Young, Micah packard 

Jacob Hiler, Andrew Malcom 

Simon Hiler John Mcorber 

Petition of Samuel Pendleton. 

To the Hon*"'^ the Senate and Hon'''^ House of Representa- 
tives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General 
Court Assembled at Boston June 1784 
The Petition of Samuel Pendleton for himself and in the 

behalf of a N^umber of other Settlers on Long Island in 

Penobscot Bay, — Humbly Sheweth, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 383 

That it is now about Thirteen Years since they Settled 
upon said Long Ishmd, where .they have Built Houses and 
heen at considerable Cost and Expence in Settling especially 
during the late War, 

That lately one Winslow has wrote down informing that 
he intends to come down and take care of his Lands there, on 
caring among other Lands, the said Long Island, But your 
pef^ have always understood that the said Long Island was 
Government Lands, and not included in Brigadier Waldo's 
patent, and your pet" intended to Account with Government 
for the same, and would now be glad if the said Lands are 
to be Sold that they may have the refusal of the same. 

Your pef^ therefore humbly pray that this Hon"'^ Court 
would be pleased to (^uiet them in their possessions, they 
allowing a reasonable Price for said Lands 

And as in duty l)ound shall pray &c 

Samuel Pendleton 
In the House of Kepresentatives June li"" 1784 

Read & thereupon Ordered that this petition be committed 
to the Committee appointed by the County of Lincoln 
Sent up for concurrence 

Sam A Otis Spk"" 
In Senate July 9''' 1784 
Read & Concurred 

S. Adams Presid' 

Petition of a Number of Masters of Coasting Vessels. 

To the Hon""' the Senate and Hon"'" House of Representa- 
tives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General 
Court assembled at Boston June 1784. — 
The Petition of the Subscribers Masters of Vessels that 

follow the Business of Coasting to the Eastward Humbly 

Sheweth, 



384 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

That they meet with many discouragements in carrying on 
their said Business by reason that they can't obtain Permits 
to Sell Eum &c in less Quantities than Twenty five Gallons, 
as many of the Poor People at the Eastward are not Able to 
purchase but a few Gallons, and some not more than half a 
Gallon, And besides they often trust the Inhabitants with 
Kum and other Articles to be paid in Lumber at some future 
day, when those People can't often obtain Credit from any 
of the Eetailers there. — 

Your petitioners therefore humbly pray for the more Easy 
carrying on their said Business, and for the convenience of 
the Inhabitants at the Eastward, that this Honorable Court 
would be pleased to Authorise the Collector of Excise to 
Grant them permits to Sell Rum to the Inhabitants at the 
Eastward in small Quantities or by Retail they accounting 
with the Collector for the Duty thereon. — 

And as in duty bound shall pray &c. 
Nickels Millar, Robert miliar, James Nickels, 

Samuel Boyd, Thomas Meryman, Ilenrey Littel, 

Arch'' Rivers, Samuel Harris, Cornelius Bradford 

Will"' Harper, James M'^Curdy, 



The Petition of Juniper Berthiaume. 

To the Hon"*^ the Senate and Hon*"" House of Representatives 
of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General 
Court Assembled at Boston, June, 1784 — 
The Petition of Juniper Bartheaune Humbly Sheweth, 
That on the 11'" day of November 1780, the General Court 
of this State, appointed your petitioner Instructor to the 
Penobscot Tribe of Indians with an Allowance of Five 
pounds p"" month and two Rations per day till the further 
order of the General Court. — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 385 

That he has continued in said Service ever since, and on 
the first day of June Instant there was one years pay & 
Rations due to him at the rate aforesaid for his said Services 

He therefore humbly prays this Hon"'^ Court would be 
pleased to make him a Grant of the Years Waj^es and Rations 
now due to him, that he may still be enabled to live with the 
said Indians in his aforesaid Capacity 

And as in duty bound shall pray &c 

f juniper Berthiaume, Recollet 

Petition of Juniper Berthiaume. 

To the Hon^'^ the Senate and Hon"'^ House of Representa- 
tives of the Conmaonwealth of Massachusetts in General 
Court Assembled at Boston June 1784 

The Petition of Juniper Bartheaume Humbly Sheweth, 

That on the Eleventh day of November 1780, the General 
Court of this State appointed your petitioner Instructor to 
the Penobscot Tribe of Indians, with an allowance of Five 
pounds p'' Month, and two Rations per day. — 

That since his Arrival in Boston he has been informed 
''that he was dismissed from said Service." of such dis- 
mission (if it be true) your petitioner never before had any 
notice either by Writing or any other way, for had he known 
it he would have retired from said Service, but thinking him- 
self really in the Employ of this State he has continued 
therein ever since, and on the first day of June Instant there 
was one years pay and Rations due to him — And as he was 
never informed of his Dismission. 

He humbly prays this Hon"^ Court would be pleased to 

take his case into their Wise and just consideration and 

Grant that he may be allowed the pay and Rations due to 

him for his Services aforesaid — And as in duty bound 

shall pray &c 

f^ juniper Berthiaume Recollet 

26 



386 DOCITMEKTARY TTISTOEY 

Petition of Tho" Oxnard. 

To the honorable the Senate, and House of Representatives 
in General Court assemhled — 

Thomas Oxnard humbly shews that he is the same person, 
who hath been lisenced by his Excellency the Governor & 
Council, to remain within this State, until the close of the 
present session of this General Court — your petitioner 
humbly represents that he is not within either of the discrip- 
tions of men, whose naturalization as citizens is prohibited 
by the laws of the commonwealth — that he was an inhabitant 
of the Territory, now the state of Massachusetts, before the 
late resolution, and prays to become again an inhabitant 
thereof, and a free citizen of this commonwealth — 

Certificates of the character of your petitioner are lodged 
in the Council Chamber, upon those certificates & such other 
evidence as your petitioner can produce, under your honors 
direction, in favor of his proving a good Citizen of the com- 
monwealth, your Petitioner humbly supplicates your honors 
for an act of naturalization of your Petitioner as a citizen 

of this commonwealth ; and as in duty bound shall ever 
pray — 

Tho^ Oxnard 
Falmouth 1' June 1784 

Act Regnlating Proccedinfjs of Proprietors of Townships. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts — In the Year of our Lord 
One Thousand Seven Hundred & eighty four 

An Act Regulating y^ Proceedings of Proprietors of Town- 
ships or new Plantations, granted by the General Court, 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa- 
tives, in General Court Assembled, and by the Authority of 
the same ; That the Proprietors of Townships or iSTew Planta- 
tions granted, or which may be granted by the General Court, 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 387 

be and herel)y are and shall be vested witli the same powers 
and privileges as Proprietors of lands Wharves & other real 
Estate undivided and lying in Common are by Law vested 
with, so far as the same do relate to the calling and holding of 
their Meetings, and choosing ISTeedful Officers (Avho shall be 
sworn as in the s** act directed, to the faithful discharge of 
their Officers) and for granting taxes upon their lands in 
such Townships & Plantations for the purpose of carrying 
forward and promoting the Settlement of them — Provided 
that the first future Meeting shall be notified in one of the 
Boston News Papers at least three Weeks before the day of 
Meeting, and in such other paper as they shall judge most 
likely to give the Proprietors in general due information 
thereof. 

And be it further enacted by the Authority Aforesaid that 
when any Grantee or Proprietor of any such new Plantation 
or Township, which hath been, or shall hereafter be so granted 
(where the Conditions of the Grant are not fulfilled) shall 
neglect or delay to pay to the Treasurer or Committee of 
such Township or Plantation, such Sum or Sums of ]\roney 
as by the Proprietors thereof have been or shall be voted to 
be raised by tax upon their said Lands or rights, for thirty 
days after such tax shall be published by posting the same 
in some public place in the shire Town of the County where- 
in such lands lie, and in the Town wherein the Clerk of such 
Proprietors shall dwell, as also in such other Town or Towns 
as have been, or shall be l)y them appointed for that purpose 
and by advertising the same in one of the Boston iSTewspapers, 
the Share or right of such delinquent Grantee or Proprietor 
may be sold ; And the Committee chosen by such Proprietors, 
or the Major part of such Committee may, and hereby are 
fully empowered at a public Vendue (Xotice thereof being 
publickly given in one of the s'' Xews Papers and by posting 
the same as aforesaid at least three weeks successively before 



388 DOCUMENTABY HISTORY 

such Vendue) to sell such delinquents' lots and after-Eights 
in such Plantation or Township, to such person or persons 
as may appear to give most for the same, and will give Bond 
to the Satisfaction of the Committee, or other persons ap- 
pointed hy the General Court to take Bond, for the perform- 
ance of the Conditions of the original Grant ; and the original 
Grantee shall have his former Bond given up and delivered 
to him, if he desire the same ; the Money arising by such Sale 
to be applied to the payment of such delinquent Proprietors 
Rate or Tax; and the Overplus, if any there be (after all 
Charges arising about the same are deducted) shall be paid, 
to the said delinquent Proprietors, his heirs or Assigns. 

Provis" A Provided always. If any such delinquent Pro- 
prietors are not Inhabitants of this Commonwealth, that then 
there be reserved to them, their Heirs or Assigns, a Liberty of 
Redemption of such Rights; they paying the Purchaser or 
Purchasers, or his or their respective heirs, within Six 
Months, such Sum as the Lands Sold for, with the Costs 
arisen by Improvement made thereon, and double Interest, 
untill the same be redeemed.— 

Proviso Provided Also, That where any delinquent Pro- 
prietor or Grantee has brought forward a Settlement, and is 
in the Actual Possession of his Right, that then and in such 
case so much only, and no more, of his Right, shall be Sold 
as may be Sufficient to defray such Proprietor's or Grantee's 
Rate or Tax, and the charges arising on the sale And be it 
further enacted by the Authority aforesaid that the said 
Committee or the Major part of them shall be and hereby 
are impowered to execute (agreeable to the intention of this 
Act) a good deed or Deeds to the Purchaser or Purchasers 
of the Land Sold as aforesaid. 

And be it further enacted by the Authority aforesaid that 
at every meeting of the Proprietors the votes shall be col- 
lected and numbered according to the Interests of such as 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 389 

are present, where the same is known : and at any such Meet- 
ing, they may agree upon and appoint any other way or 
method than the one referred to in this Act, for calling and 
notifying Meetings for the future, that shall be most suitable 
and convenient to the Proprietors 

In the House of Representatives June 23'' 1784 — 

This Bill having had three several Readings passed to be 

Engrossed with amendment at A 

Sent up for concurrence 

Sam A Otis Spk"" 
viz at A 

Dele the Paragraph from A to B & insert 

Provided always. That there be reserved unto such de- 
linquent Proprietor or Proprietors, their Heirs or Assigns, 
a liberty of Redemption of such Rights, they paying the 
Purchaser, or Purchasers, or his or their respective Heirs, 
within Two Years such sum as the Lands sold for — with 
the Costs arisen by Improvements made thereon, and double 
Interest, untill the same be redeemed, except the Proprietor, 
or Proprietors, shall happen to be beyond Sea at the time of 
such Sale, in which case the said Proprietor or Proprietors, 
shall be allowed Three Years for Redemption of such Lands 
sold in manner aforesaid. — 



Petition for Grant of Tract of Land on the River Cohscook. 

To The Hon'''® the Senate and House of Representatives of 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

The Petition of the Subscribers in behalf of themselves 
and others, 

Humbly Sheweth 

That your Petitioners have been Employed, in the service 
of their Country, in the Late Revolution, and flatter them- 



390 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

selves to the Approbation of their fellow Citizens. The 
happy Period of Peace having arrived, your Petitioners with 
pleasure return to Civil Society & Employment, desireous 
and Anxious to sett down in such a situation as to help their 
familys & be Serviceable to the Community. 

Therefore your Petitioners, humbly prays, that your 
Honours woud take it under Consideration, and Grant them 
a Tract of Land on the River Cobscook in the Bay of Passa- 
maquaddy, in such Quantity, & upon such Terms, as in 
your Honours wisdom may think proper, And your Peti- 
tioners as in duty bound will ever Pray — 
Boston June 21^' 1784 

John Crane, Thos Vose, William Perkins, Lemuel Pres- 
cott, George Ingersoll, Cettarshall, Aaron Pardee, Eben"" 
Brown, John P Stafford, W Tucker, A'' Warren, David 
Mason, Ezra Smith, David Jackson, John Tapkin, Edward 
White, Thomas Wells, Jn° Lillie, Paul D Sargent, Tho' 
Jackson, John Callender, Edward Blake, J Woodbridge, Jn° 
Peirce, W^'" Frothingham, Jno K. Smith. 

In the House of Representatives June 29**" 1784 

Read & thereupon Ordered that this petition be com- 
mitted to the Committee appointed by a Resolve of the 20**' 
of Oct" last to do certain business in the County of Lincoln 
Same day Read again & ordered that the Petitioners at 
their own request have leave to withdraw their petition. 

House Journal. 

Wednesday, June 30"' 1784 Present in Senate. 
Order of the house that M"" Robbins & M"" Sullivan with 
such as the hon Senate may join be a Committee to consider 
what further measures are necessary to be taken relative to 
the British Encroachments in the Eastern parts of this 
Commonwealth. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 391 

Read & Concurred and Theodore Sedgwick Esq"" is joined — 

Report of the Committee of both liouses to whom was re- 
fered the consideration of the Petition of Phillips White 
Esq"" & the Answer of Will"" White thereto & the papers ac- 
companying the same by way of Resolve — Sent down for 
Concurrence, Came up non-Concurred — 

The Secretary came into Senate & communicated a Message 
from his Excellency the Gov'' (Vide Message) Resolves of 
Congress of the 8*^ inst. accompanying — Read & Sent down 

Ordered that the Secrc^tarv be directed to lay upon the 
Senate Table the register of Council 

Ordered that the Treasurer be directed to attend this 
board — (to be enquired of — v/hether he has one or more of 
the reports of the Comittee on the late Treas Gardiners Acc^^ 
in his Office) 

Order of the house on the Message of his Excellency the 
Gov"" that this Message be Comitted to the Comittee of both 
houses appoint'' yesterday to consider what further measures 
are necessary to be taken with respect to the Pritish en- 
croachments on the East" parts of this State to consider & 
report & what may be proper to be done thereon — Read & 
Concurred 

An Engrossed Pill entitled "An Act for iVTaturalizing 
Tho^ Robison" — This Pill having had two several readings 
passed to be Enacted — 

An Engrossed liill entitled ''An Act directing the pro- 
ceedings against forcible entry & detainer" This IJill having 
two several readings passed to be Enacted. — 

An Engrossed Pill entitled "An Act regulating Pail in Civil 
Actions" This Pill having had two several readings passed 
to be enacted — 

Resolve of the House on the representation of John Lucas 
Com^ of Pensioners in behalf of Cap' Sam' Clark entitling 



392 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the said Clark to one 8"' part of pay as Captain — Read & 
Concurred 

Report of the Comittee of both houses to whom was re- 
ferred the Consideration of the Petition of David Nye of 
Wareham that the further consideration of this Petition be 
refered to the next sitting of the Gen' Court Read & Ac- 
cepted & Ordered to be refer'd accordingly — sent down for 
Concurrence Came up Concurred. 

Ordered that Caleb Strong & John Lowell Esq"" with such 
as the hon house may join be a Comittee to confer with the 
hon M"" Jefferson one of the Commissioners of the United 
States for settling treaties of Commerce & give him such in- 
formation relative to the Trade & Territory of this State as 
he may wish to have & may be usefull to this & the United 
States Sent down for Concurrence Came up Concurred & 
M"" Otis M'" Phillips & M' Rowe are joined — 

A Bill entitled "an Act for regulating the fees & forms 
in the ISTaval Offices within this Commonwealth" — Read the 
2^ time & passed a Concurrence to be engrossed with amend- 
ments at A & X — sent down for Concurrence Came up 
Concurred — 



Bill explaining the Laws Respecting the Assessment of Taxes. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the year of our Lord one thousand Seven Hundred and 
eighty four. 

An Act for explaining the Laws respecting the Assessment 
of Taxes. 

Whereas Doubts have arisen whether Assessors can be jus- 
tified in making their Assessments in any Case, for more than 
the precise Sum committed to them to assess. Therefore, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 393 

Be it enacted, by the Senate and House of Representatives 
in General Court assenil)led, and by the authority of the 
Same, That the Laws of this Commonwealth, now in force, 
respecting Assessments of Taxes, on Towns, Districts Plan- 
tations and Parishes, ought to be so construed, explained and 
understood, as to render Assessors justifiable, in their having 
assessed Such a Surplusage, over and above the Sums com- 
mitted to them respectively to assess, as any fraction arising 
in making the assessment may have amounted to, or Such as, 
in their judgment was needful to make up for any deficiency, 
which might probably arise from the abatements, of the 
Taxes of particular persons, which it might be found neces- 
sary to make; and that the assessors of any Town, District, 
Plantation or Parish, shall not be liable to any Suit in Law, 
for having assessed any Surplusage as afore Said, they 
making Oath, before some Justice of the Peace, in the county 
to which Such assessors belong, that they have assessed an 
additional Sum as before mentioned, no greater than a frac- 
tion arising in making the assessment rendered convenient, 
or no greater than they really judged necessary for Supply- 
ing the deficiency, which might be reasonably expected to 
arise from the abatements, which must in the ordinary Course 
of things be made. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
when the surplusage assessed as before mentioned, in any 
Town, District, Plantation or Parish, Shall be found to be 
more than adequate to the amount of the abatements, which 
it has been found necessary to make, the overplus Shall be 
paid into the Treasury of Such Town, District, Plantation or 
Parish, to be at the Order and disposal of the Same 

X In Senate July 2"^ 1784 
Read the first time — 
Read the Second Time & ordered that the further con- 



394 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

sideration of the Bill l)o rcferivl to the next Sitting of the 

(General Court. 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams, Presid' 



Petition of Pelatiah Warren & Other's. 

To the Hon**'^ Senate & the Hon*^'^ House of Representatives 
of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General Court 
assembled at their May session 1784 — 

The Petition of the Subscribers humbly sheweth that your 
petitioners were chiefly brought up and accustomed to hus- 
bandry business, and having but small fortunes to set out in 
the World with, cannot purchase Farms already subdued and 
under cultivation, and being willing to labour, and do our 
share in clearing & cultivating the Wilderness. — 

Therefore pray the honorable Court would grant us a Gore 
or Tract of Land in the County of Cumberland, between the 
Plantations of Bakers-town & Silvester northwesterly & 
Southeasterly, & Sheperdsfield and Androscoggin River 
jSJ^ortheasterly & South westerly, for what the same is worth 
in the present wilderness state it lays in, and such other re- 
strictions as shall be thought proper & Your petitioners as in 
duty bound shall ever pray.- — • 
May 26'*' 1784 

Trustram Warren, Daniel Cooper, Tobias Ricker, Pelatiah 
Warren, Benjamin Parker Jun'', Lemuel Megray Elias 
Uurlis Micale L)yer, James Wagg Jun"", Benjamin Finning, 
John Cushing, Joshua Strout, Nat Garist John Winslow, 
William Gerish, N^athaniel Garish, George Garish Jun"" 
Ichabod Warren, Jacob Lord Jun"", Amos Goodwin, Andrew 
Eliot, Edmund Warren, Edmund Neal, Nathaniel Walker, 
Silas Goodwin, Dominius Goodwin, Thomas Bragdon 3" 
Elisha Hill jun"", John Plaisted — 



OF THE STATE OF :NrAINE 395 

Action on Petilion of Felatiuh Warren. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate July 2" 1784 — 
On the Petition of Pelatiah Warren and others 
Ordered, That the Petition of Pelatiah Warren and others 
be committed to the Committee for examining into the claims 
to the unappropriated Lands in (he CV)unty of York & Cum- 
berland, appointed by a Resolve of the General Court of May 
the first 1781, and that the said Committee be and they are 
hereby directed, as soon as may be, to ascertain the just 
boundary lines of the several Plantations mentioned in the 
said Petition, and to take a Plan of the Gore or Tracts of 
Land that may belong to this Commonwealth situate between 
them or any of them, and make Report thereof, together with 
the quality and value of the same, to the general Court at 
their next Session — 

Sent down for concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 

In the House of Representatives July 2"^ 1784 

Read & concurred 

Sam' A Otis Spk^ 
A true Copy 

Attest Will'" Baker Jun"" 

Clk to the Senate 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 

in the House of Representatives June ll^'' 1784. 
On the petition of Pelatiah Warren &c, praying for a 
Grant of a Gore or Tract of land lying in the County of 
Cumberland, between the plantations of Bakerstown & Sil- 
vester, Northwesterly and Southeasterly, and Shepperdsfield 
& Androscoggin River Northeasterly & Southwesterly for 
What the same is worth in the present Wilderness State it 
lyes in &c. 



396 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Resolved that the Prayer of the said petitioners be So far 

Granted that Nathan Dane John Hill Esq""^ & M"" Benjamin 

Hooper be a Committee to Ascertain the (Quantity and valne 

thereof, and Report as soon as may be, that the same may be 

Granted to the said Petitioners, and Under Snch Restrictions 

as the General Court May then Order — 

Sent up for concurrence 

Sam A Otis Spk"" 

In Senate July 2'' 1784. 

Read & Concurred 

S Adams Presid* 



Re: Eastern Boundary. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate July 9, 1784 
Resolved that Col° John Allen be added to the Agents ap- 
pointed at the present setting of the General Court, to pursue 
measures respecting the British encroachments on the eastern 
boundary of this Commonwealth, t& to transact certain busi- 
ness with the Indians on Penotiscot River — and, that any 
three of the said Agents be authorized to execute their 
Commission. 

Sent down for C-oncurrence 

S Adams Presid' 

In the House of Representatives July 9"^ 1784 

Read & concurred as taken into a new Draft. 

Sent up for Concurrence 

Sam A Otis Spk' 
In Senate July 9"^ 1784. 

Read & Non concurred & the Senate adhere to their own 

vote 

S Adams Presid* 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 39Y 

Selectmen of Harpsivell Petition. 

State of Mass"" The Hon''''' Senate and House of Repre- 
sentatives in General Court assembled. 
The Petition of the Select men of Harpswcll humbly 
sheweth. That it has ever l)ecn the practice of this Town for 
the Sake of Conveniency to chuse a Constable & Collector 
for an Island called great Sebascodegin, & another for the 
whole of the other Part of said Town ; That at the last An- 
niiall March ]\reeting a Person was chosen Constable & Col- 
lector for the whole Town excepting s"* Island, who availing 
himself of some Inadvertency which happened to take place 
is exempted; that upon an Adjournment of s'' Meeting an- 
other was chosen, who also is cleared, upon which account 
there is neither Constable nor Collector in the Town except- 
ing one upon the aforesaid Island, in Consequence of wdiich 
a great Difficulty has arose, & still likely to increase — The 
March Meeting not being in Existence, your Petitioners 
humbly pray that this Hon'' Court would enable said Town 
to chuse a Constable & Collector for that part of the Town a=^ 
usual which is destitute. And your Petitioners as in Duty 
bound, shall ever pray. 

John Rod.ck, Ezekiel Curtis j- Selectmen 
Uarpswell 23 Aug. 1784. 

Re Light House Money From the Port of Yorl\ 

York August 25"' 1784 
Sir: 

I take this oppertunity by my Good Brother Judge Sewall 

to present with the trifleing Sum of a Guinea for Lighthouse 

Money from the Port of York, tho it is Something more 

than I have as yet rec*' which please to Carry to the Credit of 

S^ your Most Humb' Serv' £1 .. 8 .. 

Rich'' Trevett, Naval Officer 



398 DOCUArENTARY IIISTOEY 

P. S. S"" at the Close of the Year I Purpose, by the Leave 
of Providence to render an ace* of my Proceedings — 

Thos Ives Esq*" Treasurer 



Petition of J nhdhitants of Scarborough. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

To the Honb"" the Senate and the Honh"' the house of Repre- 
sentatives in General Court assembled This Id^^ Day of 
October 1784 — 
The Petition of the Inhabitants of the first Parish in Scar- 
borough humbly Sheweth that your Petitioners are very 
much wronged by the Division of the Said Town of Scar- 
borough into two parishes : the first parish not having more 
than one third part of the whole Town which v/as never 
Intended at the time of Division for when the Town first 
agreed to Divide it was then Supposed that a bridge over 
Harmons Mill Creek on the County road was the Center or 
Midle of the Town without any Measureing or Survay which 
in fact is not : by which means the first parish looses, more 
than twelve hundred acres of the best of their lands and not 
only so but a Committee appointed by the General Court to 
settle lines between Scarlwrough Falmouth and Gorham 
Since the Division of Scarb" into two parishes have taken off 
from the head of the Said first parish in Scarb° near two 
thousand acres of land which was at the time of Division 
allowed to belong to the first Parish : and no Division line 
ever run until lately between the two parishes Your Peti- 
tioners find the first parish is in a manner ruined having a 
Minister to Support with other heavey Charges which they 
are not able to bare up under Your Petitioners have applied 
to the Second Parish to Settle the line of Division as was 
first intended but they refuse Giving any Satisfaction and 



OF THE STATE OF ^rAI^•E 399 

your petitioners have rested the matter for Redress untill 
now on account of the late war which Required almost the 
whole attention of the General Court — 

Now your petitioners humbly pray that your honors in 
your Great wisdom will give us Releaf in Such way and 
Manner as Shall Seem best So that the first parish have their 
full part of the whole town as was meant and Intended | and 
Should your Hon""^ think l)Ost to appoint a Committee to be 
on the Spot and hear both Sides of the Dispute then if your 
petitioners Complaint is found Causeless your petitioners 
will pay the whole of the Committees Charges that may 
arise thereon, or in Such other wise as your hon""^ in your 
known Wisdom Shall See Meet all which is humbly Sub- 
mitted and your petitioner as in Duty bound will ever pray 
Sam' Small Renj'' Larrabe \ rV)mmittee in 

Reuben Fogg Abraham Tyler J"" / behalf of S^ 
Tim" M-^Daniell ) parish 



Memorial of the Juslices of ike Lincoln Court of Common 

Pleas. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To the Hon Senate & the Hon. House of Representatives of 
s** Commonwealth in General Court assembled 

The Memorial of the Subscribers Justices of the Court of 
Common Pleas in the County of Lincoln Sheweth 

That the new Settlements on Kennebec, and parts adjacent, 
though greatly scattered have l^ecome considerably extensive 
— that, as the distance is great, their travelling to Pownal- 
borough the present Seat of the Court of Common Pleas is 
necessarily attended with much difficulty and expence — 
That for these Reasons your Memorialists conceive that the 
appointment of another Session of the said Court, and of the 



400 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Court of General Sessions of the peace, to be holden at 
Hallowell in the said County, on the third Tuesday of Jan- 
uary Annually, will he of puhlic Utility and contribute much 
to the ease and convenience of the Inhabitants of the more 
distant Plantations; as the place above proposed is at a con- 
venient distance from the said Plantations, and the Winter 
a season of Leisure and tolerable travelling in this Country; 
and as your Memorialists conceive that the measure proposed 
is correspondent to the General wishes of the People, they 
do therefore pray that your Honours would take the matter 
into your wise consideration & Order that a session of the 
paid Courts may be holden at the time & place above- 
mentioned. And your Memorialists will pray &c 

Will" Lithgow James Howard 

Ja^ M'=Cobb 
Pownalbor" October 8''' 1784 



Petition of Samuel Goodwin. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts To the Honourable the 
Senate and House of Representatives of Massachusetts 
in General Court Assembled — 
The Memorale of Samuel Goodwin of Powiialborough in 

the County of Lincoln in the State aforesaid Esq"" 

Humbly Sheweth — 

That your Memorels Presented a Petition to your Honours 
dated the 10"' of xiugust 1782 which Petition was Read & 
Supported, and three orders thereon, two having miscarried ; 
the third Came to hand in time & the high Sheriff Served 
attested Copies of the said Petition and order thereon on Assa 
Smith one of those Named in said Petition and licke Wise 
left attested Copies, with Thomas Gilpatrick & Jeremiah 
Nelson being on the Land on the 15'*" day of July 1783 as 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 401 

appears from Edmund Bridges Esq'' the high SherriflFs Re- 
turn — the day that the advers parties was to be heard: I 
Never heard that any apj)eared — yett nothing don with the 
prayer of my Petition — There fore I most Humbly pray 
your Honours To take my memoreal into your most Serious 
& Wise Consideration and Grant the Prayer of my Petition 
to me my heirs &e and assigns With the Liberty of the Law, 
So that I may 01)tain my Just Right, Which Asa Smith and 
Others is a Depriving me of & a Striping Everything of my 
land : I Reffer your LLniours to the Petition and papers that 
was before your Honours for facts or other wise Rcleave 
your petitioner as your Honours in your Great Wisdom shall 
think proper and I as in Duty bound Shall Ever Pray — 

Samuel Goodwin 
Pownalborough Octol/ 12'^ 1784 

Commonwealth of Massachvisetts 

To the Honourable the Scjiet and House of Representatives 
in General Court Assembled — 
The Memoriel and Petition of Samuel Goodwin of r\)wnal- 
borough in the County of Lincoln in the State aforeSaid 
Esq*" Humbly Shewet> unto this Great and Honourable 
Court : that on the lO^*" day of Angus 1782 your memorials, 
sent a petition To the Said Honourable the Great and Gen- 
eral Court in the following words — viz' — To the Great and 
General Court of the Common Wealth of Massachusetts. 
Humbly Sheweth — That Doctor Silvester Gardiner Esq"" 
had a Grant of Land in Pownalborough on the ll"" of Feb- 
ruary 1761 Livery & Leazen was Given & Delivered to Said 
Gardiner on the l'*" of April 17G1 butted and bounded as 
follows viz*' beginning at the South line of Lott (^o 54) on 
Sheeps Cut River Delineated on a plan made by Jonas Jones 
Surveyor dated December (20*'^ 1759) and from Lott N° 
54 to run a west North west Course two miles and a halfe, 



27 



402 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and from the Westerly Eaiid of the two miles & halfe To 
run a Northeast Course until it meets Sheepscut Kiver & 
then running down Said Sheeps cut river — as the river 
runs, to the first mentioned bounds With the appurtenances 
thereof; on the 25"^ of March 1773 the Said Silvester Gardi- 
ner Esq"" Gave Samuel Goodwin Esq"" A Dead of a Tract 
of Land, within said Tract, (marked W. w N" 22) that be- 
fore Said G'xrdiners Deed to Said Goodwin one Assa Smith — 
House write & Joseph Prince Clerk: & John Hilton Went 
& Sect down on Said Tract of land Conveyed To Said Good- 
win Neare to Sheepscut Kiver about the midle thereof. Said 
Prince Went there about 1771: and Said Smith & Hilton, 
l)efore, and Refuses to goe of ; or settle or pay A Reasonable 
Price therefor, to Said Goodwin, but hath made Great Strip 
and Wast, and Continues So to do ; — I have often offered to 
settle With Said Assa Smith &c &c on easy terms, but Re- 
fused ; there was a Writ against Assa Smith & Said Joseph 
Prince dated the 16"^ June 1773 & Served August 9'*^ 1773 
for September Court in Said Gardiners ISTame and by his 
orders ; he Said Prince went to Boston to Said Gardiners & 
told him if he liad any land AVithin my bounds he Would 
Give it up to me as Said Gardiner in formed me, and pre- 
swaded Said Gardiner to Drope Said action and accordingly 
Said Gardiner wrote James Sullivan Esq"", then attorney for 
said Prince &c to Discontinue said action as Will appear by 
Said Sullivans Deposition, the unhappy times hath been 
such I Could Geet no Redress, & they Say as Docter Gardi- 
ner is Gon I never Can Geet them off &c and they have been 
Striping & Carrying off my Timber & continues So to do, 
the Memo Mr Joseph Prince has Sold & Gon Off & Seavrale 
Deeds have been passed from one to another as James in- 
formed & jSTew people put on — 

Therefore I most humbly pray your Honours to Grant 
a Power to me my heirs and assigns to bring an action or 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 403 

actions of Ejectment and Tresspass A Gainst Assa Smith of 

Pownalborough now on the Said Land and all others whom I 

may find thereon my land, in order that I may have my Just 

Right: Or other wise Releave your Petitioners as your 

Honours in your Great Wisdom Shall think Proper and as 

in Duty bound Shall Ever Pray — 

Samuel Goodwin 
Pownalborough August lO'*- 1782 

In Senat June 20 1783 
Whereas upon the Petition of Samuel Goodwin an order 
passed the General Court on the Second day of October last 
that the Said Goodwin Cause the Adverse Parties, to be 
notified by Serveing Assa Smith & Joseph Prince & others 
mentioned in Said Petition With Attested Copies thereof & 
the order thereon, To Show Cause if any they had, Why the 
prayer of the Said Petition Should not be Granted, and 
whereas by an other order of the General Court passed the 
11'*" of February 1773 the Petitioner — Was directed to 
Xotify the adverse parties in manner A fore Said, to Shew 
Cause if any they had on the first fryday in June instant 
Why the Prayer in the Said Petition Should not be Granted — 
And v/hereas it appears To this Court, that the former 
Orders miscarried, and the Letter was not Seasonably Pe- 
ceiv*^ by the Petitioner — 

Therefore ordered that the Said Samuelc Goodwin, the 
Petitioner, Cause the adverse Parties Aforesaid to be notified 
by Serveing the Said Smith: Prince & others: with attested 
Copies of the Said Petition & this order thereon Twenty days 
at least before the Second Wednesday of the Next Session 
of the General Court that they or either of them may appear 
on that day and Shew Cause if any they have why the prayer 
of the same petition should not be Granted Provided Xever 
the less that in Case the Said Joseph Prince is Removed 
from the land — Rcfferred too in the Petition & is not to be 



404 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

found within the Common Wealth, then this order of Notifi- 
cation Shall not Extend to him any thing aforesaid not with 
Standing 

Sent down for Concurrance Sa: Adams Pres^ 

In the House of Representatives June 20**" 1783 

Eead and Concurred 

Tristram Dalton Speaker 

/attest Wiir Barker Clerk to the Senat 

6/ for three copies A Copy 

Lincoln ss. July 15'" 1783 

This may Certify that I have this day left an attested 
Copy of the Written Petition & order with Assa Smith with- 
in Named & likewise left attested Copies with Thomas Gil- 
patrick & Jeremiah Nelson being on Said Land 

Edw'' Bridge Sherriff 

Fees 30/ A Copy from the original before it went to the 
General Court this is a Copy from that 



Petition of Ben, Jepson. 

To The Hon'^'*' Senate & House of Representatives 

The Petition of Benj*^ Jepson Humbly Sheweth that he 
was half owner of the Sloop Pigeon which was Taken by 
Governments and Imployd in the Unfortunate Expedition 
to Penobscot whare Shee Was Lost. The owner of the oather 
half of S** Sloop have Been paid Near two years ago, But 
Your Petitioner has not Rec'' any part of his Due of which 
he is in grate want having Lost a grate Part of his property 
During the Late AVar, he therefore begs Your honors to order 
the payment of his part, which he Begs to observe is Not 
More then one half the Reaul Value & as in Duty Bound 
Shall Ever pray Benj^ Jepson 

Boston Ocf 14''^ 1784 



OF THE STATE OF IMAINE 405 

Order on Report of Committee of Both Houses on Arrival 
of Marquis de La Fayette in Boston. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

The Committee of hoth houses appointed to consider what 
measures may be necessary to be taken by the Legislature in 
Consequence of the Arrival of the Marq^ De La Fayette in 
the Town of Boston — Report That the President of the 
Senate & Speaker of the House of Representatives invite the 
Marquis De La Fayette to meet the two houses of the Legis- 
lature in the Senate room on Tuesday the Nineteenth day 
of October instant at Twelve of the Clock that they may con- 
gratulate him on his safe arrival in America after the final 
establishment of a Peace to which his friendly influence in 
Europe & his distinguished exertions in a Military Character 
in America have largely contributed & of which the Anni- 
versary of the nineteenth of October a day always to be 
marked in the Annals of America among other instances 
happily reminds us — -And that his Excellency the Governor, 
his Honor the Lieutenant Governor & the Honorable Coun- 
cil, be also invited to join in the Congratulations) & that the 
President of the Senate & the Speaker of the House of Repre- 
sentatives take order accordingly — 
Sent down for Concurrence 

Samuel Adams President. 
In the House of Representatives Ocf 18'*' 1784. 

Read & Concurred Sam' A Otis Spk"" 



Govr's Message. 

Gentlemen of the Senate & Gentlemen of the House of 
Representatives — 
Yesterday the Commissioners appointed by the General 
Court to enquire what Encroachments were made by British 



40G DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Subjects on the Eastern Territories of this Commonwealth, 
(leliver'd me their Report, which I take the earliest Oppor- 
tunity to lay before you — 

John Hancock 
Council Chamber 20'" Oct^ 1784. 



Treasurer Not to Issue Soldiers Notes Unless on Attested 

Orders. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Nov. 1784. 
Resolved that the Treasurer of this common wealth be and 
he hereby is Directed to Deliver no more notes or other Pay 
to any Soldier for their Service unless their orders are cer- 
tified By the Select-men of the town to which such Soldier 
Belongs. Nor shall he pay to any Soldier in person any 
wages Except Such Soldier produce a certificate from the 
Select-men of the Town to which he Belongs or did Belong 
at the time of his Doing such Service: Certifying his name 
place of abode and the Reason for which Such Soldier Re- 
(juests their cf^rtificate any Law or Resolve to the conterary 
not with standing 

A Short Acco' of the Destruction of the Town of Falmouth in 

October 1775. 

On monday the sixteenth of October 1775 Cap* Henry 
Mowatt on the Canceaux, with another large Ship mounting 
some Nine pounders, a large Schooner and a Bomb Sloop, all 
armed Vessels, arrived in this Harbour and Anchored down 
by the Islands the Inhabitants had no mistrust of his design 
to burn the Town, but supposed him to be in quest of some 
Cattle & Sheep ; the Committee immedeately sent part of the 
Sea Coast Men down to the Guard the Islands. 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 407 

The next Day the Wind l)eing nnfavourable the Enemy 
Warped the little Fleet up and about four OClock P. M. 
they Anchored in a Line close to the Town, Cap* Mowatt 
then sent an Officer with a flago- on Shore to give the Inhabi- 
tants Notice that he had it in his Orders to Destroy the 
Town, & that he should accordingly in two Hours hoist a 
red Pendant at the ]\rain top gall' ]\Iast head & begin to fire 
upon the Town, which unexpected Message put the Town 
into great confusion, as we had not at that time any Cannon 
mounted, scarce any Ammunition, nor any Fort or Breast 
Work thrown up ; and also a ISTumber of Lying in Women & 
Sick Persons that could not well be Moved in so short a 
time, the Inhabitants choose a Committee to go on bord & 
expostulate with Cap' ]\rowatt k to endeavour to procure a 
longer time to move the Sick Persons & some of their Eifects, 
]\[owatt agreed to wait the next Morning, upon the Towns 
delivering up eight small Arms that Evening (which was 
done) and that if the Town in the Morning by eight O Clock, 
would deliver up to said Mowatt four pieces of Cannon and 
the remainder of their small Arms in that Case he would wait 
'till he had sent to Admiral Graves (then in Boston) to know 
if he would spare the Tov.'u, the eighteenth in the Morning 
the Town met and refused to give up the Cannon &c, which 
Message being sent off to s"" ^Mowatt, he with the other three 
armed Vessels began a most furious fire upon the Town about 
Nine OClock A. M. with Cannon & Grape Shott Bombs & 
Live Shell, which in about IT) JMinules set one House on fire 
& in a short time a number more, after a number of Buildings 
were in flames they Landed in Several Parties & set fire to 
the Ware Houses on tbe Wharves, & the Vessels, our People 
went thro' a very hot fire & drove them off, but the Buildings 
being exceeding dry at that time the flames soon Communi- 
cated to almost all the Buildings in the lower part of Ihc 
Town, about Noon (hey Landed with a Number of Boats & 



408 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

attempted to set fire to the upper part of the Town but were 

again drove off by the exertions of the People, by which 

Means the upper part of the Town was saved, at which time 

one of our People was Wounded. — they Continued a very hot 

fire till sun Set, at which time they drew off their Ships & 

left us. — 

Benj Titcomb \ Select Men 

Joseph Noyes r of the 

Enoch Ilsley ( Town of 

Joshua Freeman / Falmouth 

Falmouth April 23" 1782 



Damages in & Near Camden, in 1779. 

Camden the 29"^ April 1782 — 
Made Enquiry concerning the Damages made by means of 
the Enemy in & near Camden — On the IS"' of March 
1779 there came into Negunticook Harbour at Camden an 
Enemy's Armed Schooner from Liverpool & drove the In- 
habitants from their Houses by which means M"" Abraham 
Ogier lost a great Quantity of Silver Plate & goods to the 
Value of One hundred & thirty pounds Lawfull Money. 
About the 11"" of October following the Enemy came from 
Bagaduce before Sunrise & landed about 30 Men who went 
to the House of M"" James Kichards & set fire to his house & 
a Stack of Hay — His house and furniture valued Eighty 
seven pounds — 20 Bushels of Corn & 3 Tons of Hay burnt 
— Value 10 pounds — in all Ninety seven pounds to M"" 
James Richard. — 

Then they went & Inirnt the Saw Mill & Dwelling house 
of M"" Steph" Minot of Boston — Saw Mill Value One hun- 
dred Pounds — Dwelling house. Furniture, & Tools to the 
farther Value of Two Hundred & twenty Pounds, in all 
Three hundred & Twenty pounds Lawfull Money Damage 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 409 

to M"" Stephen Minot^ — by that time there was 2 Guns fired 
as a Signal then they returned on board — 

On the 8"' of September 1780 there came a party of the 
Enemy from Bagadiice by Land & drove away & carried to 
Bagaduce — Eight Milch Cows — One Ox, Two Steers, 
Value Forty five Pounds Lawfull Money belonging to ^r 
l^athan Knight — 

The above is the Damages done as above to the best of our 

knowledge — 

Baruck Bucklin 

David Xutt 
Abraham Jones 
A true Copy 

Attest 

John Avery Sec^ 



Petition of Isaiah Cole and Colonel Henry Jacksons Certifi- 
cate of the Servitude of Isaiah Cole, 

To the Honorable Senate the House of Representatives of the 
Common Weltli of y^ Massachusetts 
the Petition of Isaiah Cole of Waldoborough — Humbly 
Sheweth that your Petitioner Served in the army of y*" United 
States the terme of three years in Colonel Jacsons Regiment 
— for which servis there was £19-10-0 due but without 
my order or Knowledge sum won hath made use of my Name 
and draw'' the money therefore your Petitioner Humbly 
Desireth your Honnors would take the Same into Considera- 
tion and alow your Petitioner to draw the s'' mony and your 
Petitioner as in Duty bound shall ever pray — 

Isaiah Cole. 

Lincoln Warran 
Waldoborough Jan'' y^ 12 — 1785. 



410 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

January 13 1785 

the above ISTamed Isaiah Cole Personely appeared and 
Maid 0th to the Above Petition Before Me 

Patrick Pepbles Just of Peace. 

Boston Jan" 1, 1785 
These may certify that Isaiah Cole Soldier in the late 16*^ 
Massachusetts Regiment v/as discharged the service of the 
United States in June 1780 — after serving in said Regi- 
ment three years agreeably to his inlistment — 

Henry Jackson late Col° of the late 16*'' Mass*' Reg* 



Petition of Eliah Royall. 

To the Honorable Senate and the Honorable House of Repre- 
sentatives of the Common Wealth of the Massachusetts, 
in General Court Assembled. — 
The Peticion of Eliah Royall Humbly Sheweth that your 
Peticioner enlisted into the Continentall service for the last 
three years for the Town of jS^ew Glocester in the County 
of Cumberland and passed nmster the first time And that 
upon my passing Muster at Boston I was Rejected and then 
was put into the Massachusetts Artillery Service under Cap- 
tain M'^Ferland, & from him I was turned over to Cap* Amos 
Lincoln under whom I served untill the eighteenth of July 
1783, when I received my regular Discharge; At which time 
there was eight months & a fortnutes wagies due to me. 

As soon as I understood the Muster-Roil Wc j made up I 
sent an order for Said Wagies on the back of my Discharge 
by Abenezer Lane which order was returned & the said Lane 
enformed me that the Treasurer of the Common Wealth told 
him that the Money was not Collected ; I have since sent for 
said waiges by Mr Peleg Chandler (a member of the Honor- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 411 

able House for this year) and upon his applying therefor the 
Treasurer told him that, one Samuel Pain had Come with a 
proper order & had received said Wagies; Which order your 
peticioner Avers was not given by your peticioner but was 
Forged; Your Peticioner therefore Humbly Prays your 
Honours to take his Injured Case into your Consideration 
and Grant him such relief as you in your Wisdom shall see 
fit; — And your Peticioner as in Duty Bound shall Ever 
Pray Eliah Royall 

Xew Glocester January 13"' 1785. 

Cumberland ss jSTew Glocester January IS'** 1785. 

The Within Named Eliah Eoyall Personally Appeared & 
Made Solemn Oath that he Did not give the Order within 
mentioned unto the within Xamed Samuel Pain; And that 
he hath not given any order or orders unto any Person or 
Persons to Draw the wagies that was Due to him the said 
Royall at his said Discharge Excepting that Drawn on the 
back of his Discharge; & sent by the said Ebenezer Lane & 
the said Peleg Chandler. Before 

Isaac Parsons Justice Peace 

New Glocester May 28, 1785 
This may Certify that we the Subscribers Dont Supose 
that M"" Eliah Royall of this town ever give any order for his 
wages Due at his Discharge as mentioned in petition except 
the one that is Drawn on the Back of his Discharge 
William Harris, Nath' Eveleth, Moses Merrill [ 

Select men fors*^ N. Glo"" 

Springfield January 20'" 1784 
Sir please to pay to Samuel Pain the whole of the wages 
due to me from Capt Lincoln last Roll in so doing You will 
oblige Your humble Servant Elisha Royall 

Attest Joh" Tow W"" Voce 

Indors'd Samuel Pain 



412 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Treasury Office June 21, 1785 

A true Copy from the original Order in this Office 

Attest Thomas Avery Treas*" 

15.4/ paid 



Order Appointing a Valuation Com. cG Their Report. 

Commonv/ealth of Massachusetts 

January 21^' 1785 

The Committee of both houses who were ordered to Sit in 
the week preceeding this Sitting of the General Court, for 
the purpose of Examining the returns of the rateable Polls 
& Estates in the several Towns, Districts &; Plantations in 
this Commonwealth have attended that Service & report that 
two hundred & Eighteen Towns Districts & Plantations in 
this Commonwealth have made such returns ; and your Com- 
mittee have examined a Considerable number of the said 
returns & Entered them into Books 

Your Committee further report, ^ as their Opinion that 
there be a Committee chosen out of both houses to Consist 
of twenty seven members the choice first to begin in the 
Senate to determine and report what Each of the said Towns, 
Districts & Plantations shall pay to a tax of a £1000 — ^ 

3 of said Committee belonging to the County of Suifolk 3 
Ditto to the County of Essex 3 Ditto Middlesex 3 D° Hamp- 
shire 3 D° Worcester 2 D° Plymouth 2 D" Bristol 2 D° Berk- 
shire 1 D° York 1 D° Barnstable 1 D° Cumberland 1 D° 
Lincoln 1 D° Dukes County 1 D° Nant-. :ket 

^ The Towns Districts & Plantations hereafter named have 
not yet made any such returns, — Viz' York [ York, Massa- 
besec, Sanford, Buxton, Limerick, Little Falls, — Cumber- 
land [ 'New Gloucester, Gray, Pearsontown, Royalsborough, 
Raymondston — Lincoln [ Pownalbo rough, Georgetown, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 413 

Bath, Bowdoinham, Pittston, Vassallx)roiigh, Winslow, 

Wakloboroiigh, S*^ Georges, Warren, Thomastown, Norridge- 

walk, Howardstown, Starlington, Machias. 

^ Which is hiiml)ly submitted 

A Fuller ]/ order 
In Senate Jan^ 25^'^ 1785 

Bead & accepted with Amendments at A & C as on the 

other side &, (reserving the right of appointing a greater 

proportion on any future Committees) thereupon Ordered 

that Cotton Tufts, Stephen Choate, Abra" Fuller, Israel 

j^ichols, Charles Turner, John Hastings & John Lewis with 

such as the Hon'''^ house may join be a Committee for the 

purposes mentioned in the said Beport 

Sent down for Concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 

In the House of Bepresentalives Jan^ 20"' 1785. 

Bead & concurred with ameudmeut viz dele from O to M 
& insert as on the annexed papers & the following Gentlemen 
are joined viz M"" Dawes, M"" Ballard M' Dane, W Thurston, 
M"" Hosmer, M"" Varnum, M*" Brewster, M"" Smead, W Tomp- 
son of Middleborough W Nye, W Trow, M-" Bichmond, W 
Hooper, ]\P Basset, M*" Peleg Coffin, W Sprague, M' Crafts, 
M' Thwing, M-- Bacon & M' Peirce 

In Senate Jan^ 29"^ 1785 Sam A Otis Spk^ 

]lead & Concurred S Adams Presid' 

At A dele from A to B & insert — O that there be a Com- 
mittee consisting of Twenty seven Members to be chosen from 
both houses of the Legislature to determine & report a Valua- 
tion of the Polls & rateable estates of each Town, District & 
Plantation within this Commonwealth, & that in making the 
said Valuation they shall arrange the Towns in Alphabetical 
order, & that the Said Conmiittee shall not determine the 



414 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

proportion that the several Counties Shall bear to each other, 
nor have any reference thereto in settling the Valuation 

And the Committee recommend that the same rule be 
adopted by the General Court for their own conduct previous- 
ly to their Consideration of the report of the Committee — 

That the Committee having finally determined the several 
articles which shall constitute the Valuation of any Town, 
District or Plantation, & the se\'eral sums being added to- 
gether & an aggregate sum produced they shall not add, or 
take from such — aggregate sum, tho they may be at liberty 
at all times to alter the Estimate of the several articles — by 
which the aggregate sum is produced by any Kule which will 
admit of a general application 

At M C dele from C to D. 

On the paper of Amendments proposed by the Senate dele 
from O to M & insert — That there be a Committee consist- 
ing of twenty seven members to be chosen from both Houses 
of the Legislature to determine and report a valuation of the 
polls and rateable estates of each Town, District and Planta- 
tion within this Commonwealth and that the said Committee 
in making the said valuation shall have no respect to the 
proportion the several Counties bear to each other or refer- 
ence thereto ; but they shall arrange the Towns Districts and 
Plantations in Alphabetical order ; or otherwise begin with 
the shire town in the County of Suffolk; and from thence 
proceed to the next adjacent town in said County and so to 
the several Towns and Districts in iiie said County; thence 
to the shire town in the next county according to the arrange- 
ment of Counties & Towns in the valuation made A. D. 1781 ; 
thence proceed to the several Towns & Districts in that Coun- 
ty according to the mode prescribed for the County of 
Suffolk, and so to the several towns, Districts, and planta- 
tions in the Commonwealth according to the said mode and 
arrangement 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 415 

And the C^ommittce recommend tliat which ever of the 
aforesaid Rules or modes he adopted hy the Committee afore- 
said on the valuation that the same he adopted hy the General 
Court for their own conduct previously to their consideration 
of the report of the said Committee — 

That the (Wmiittee havinc; in the progress of the business 
determined the quantity and rate of value of the several 
articles which shall constitute the valuation of any Town, 
District, or plantation and the amount of the several articles 
being added together and the aggregate sum thereof produced, 
they shall not add to or deduct from such aggregate sura ; 
unless on a careful review they shall have Just reason to add 
to or deduct from the quantity or rate, or both, of any of the 
said articles, which additions and deductions they shall enter 
under the article so added to or deducted from, and the 
amount aforesaid, as increased or diminished by the afore- 
said additions or Deductions, shall be the aggregate sum of 
such Town, District or Plantation. — 

Suffolk £29531 .. 13 .. 4 — N° Polls 7991 —Essex 30 . 600 

— 999 — Middlesex 25492 .. 10 .. — 9063 — Hampshire 
21765 .. — .. — 9441 Plymouth 13312 .. 10 .. — 6088 — 
Barnstable 4762 .. 10 .. — 2969 — Bristol 12471 .. 13 .. 4 

— 6831 York 7988 .. 6 .. 8 — 4122 — Dukes County — 
1367.. 10.. — 770 Nantuckett 2105 .. 16 .. 8 — 1001 
Worcester 29,247 .. 10 .. —11,162 Cumberland 6046 .. 13 
.. 4 — 3214 Lincoln 4675 .. 16 .. 8 — 2754 Berkshire 
10632 .. 10.. — 5041 Total 200,000 .. — .. — 79446 — 

Upon an average of the four lai-gest Counties — It Amounts 
to £9572 .. — ., & 3184 Polls for one member of the 
Committee 

And £7407 — .. — & 2942 Polls for one member of the 
Committee on an Average of the whole State — 

N. B. the above j^ umber of Polls is an Extract from the 
Valuation A. D. 1781 — 



4-16 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

The Sums is an an Extract from the Tax x\ct A. D. 1783 
Attest A Fuller. 



Petition of Some of the Inhabitants of Sheepscot River in 
the Town of Pownalhoro. 

To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives of 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General Court 
Assembled 

Greeting 

The Petition of a Number of Inhabitants Tradeing in the 
Different Towns on Sheepseutt River Humbly Sheweth That 
it is the Oppinion of your Petitioners that it is for the In- 
terest of the Revenue of this Commonwealth as well as easing 
your Petitioners and others Tradeing to this River of a great 
burden that there vShould be a Naval Office Establish'd on 
the River Sheepseutt at Wiseassett point in the Town of 
Pownalborough and further to Convince this Honorable Court 
your Petitioners would otfcr the following Reasons which 
they Conceive to be Facts 

first As the Trade of this Country is Not so large as to 
Admit of Deputy Naval Officers as in that case the Fees Al- 
lowed must be Divided which is not a Sufficient Compensation 
for Two Persons therefore your Petitioners think it would 
be much for the Interest of the Revenue to have a Naval Office 
at Wiseassett point. Secondly There is many Vessells comes 
into this River on Tradeing Voyages and as there is No Naval 
Office within Twelve ]\Iiles of the Most Capital Tradeing part 
of the River the Traders in said Vessells Wrong the Publick 
of their Revenues and hurt the Honest Trader who is willing 
to pay them 

Thirdly In the course of the year there is a Number of 
Ships comes into this River to Load some Imediately from 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 41Y 

Europe and as there is a Number of Vessells burned in this 
River and your Petitioners are in hopes that the Trade is 
still Increasing and there being ISTo ISTaval office within 
Twelve Miles your Petitioners think it a great Hardship that 
they should be Compeld to go that Distance and the Poads 
Excessive bad and at some seasons of the Year Almost Im- 
passable And as it often happens a ship may have some 
part of her Cargo Damaged and if She must l»e Detained 
for want of Entering the Damage to the Owners must be 
Ycrry Great Your Petitioners flatter themselves after oifer- 
ing the foregoing Facts that this Honorable Court will take 
the Matter into Consideration and Establish a Naval Office at 
Wiscassett point and your Petitioners as in Duty bound shall 
ever pray 

If this Honorable Court should think fitt to Establish a 
Naval office as above your Petitioners would beg leave to 
Pecomend as a Suitable Person for Naval Officer Mr Orchard 
Cook — 

Henry Hodge, Joseph Christopher, Jn" Langdon, Abiel 
Wood, Joseph Decker, Rob* Hodge, William Patterson 
Pownalboro: Feb^ 1785 



Clerk Court of Com. Pleas Lincoln County. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Feb'' IS**" 1785 
On the Memorial of the Justices of the Court of Common 
Pleas in the County of Lincoln Notify the Inhabitants of said 
County to shew cause (if any they have) on the second 
Wednesday of the next session of the General Court, why 
the Prayer of said Memorial should not be granted, by 
serving the Town Clerk of Each Town in said County, with 
a Coppy of the said Memorial and this order thereon, at least 

28 



418 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

thirty days before the said second Wednesday of the next 

Session of the General Conrt — - 

Sent up for concurrence 

Sam A Otis Spk"- 

Lieut Governors Message. 

Gentlemen of the Senate and Gentlemen of the House of 
Representati ves 

It is with great Concern and Reluctance that I find myself 
obliged to address you, at this Time, upon a subject, for 
which T sincerely wish there had been no Occasion, — It 
must readily occur to you, that I refer to the late Resigna- 
tion of the Governor — A Gentleman well accomplished and 
qualified for the high and important station, which he has 
for years sustained. Of the early and decided part he gen- 
erously took with his Country, the sacrifices he has made & 
the services he has perfoi-med to promote its best interest, his 
Country Avill ever retain a grateful remembrance. And you, 
Gentlemen, have born an honorable Testimony to his Conduct 
in Office, by assuring him of the general satisfaction which 
it afforded to the Legislature: The good People of the Com- 
monwealth have expressed their sense of his Administration 
by his repeated Election to the Office of Chief Magistrate, 
which must be acknowledged the highest Encomium upon his 
virtues as a Patriot, and his qualifications as a Governor. 
With you, Gentlemen, I heartily join in wishing that his 
health may be restored and confirmed & he, thereby, be en- 
abled still to exert himself for the service & benefit of his 
Country. 

By means of this Resignation, the Chair of Government 
has become Vacant, and by the Constitution it falls to me, 
during such Vacancy, to perform the duties incumbent on a 
Governor. I am thoroughly sensible of the Importance of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 419 

these duties and sincerely wish I was better qualified to 
execute them, however, it affords me great satisfaction, that 
the Council, you have placed round the Chair of Govern- 
ment, consists of Gentlemen, with whom I have for many 
years been connected in Pnl)lic Life, of whose Wisdom and 
Integrity, of whose firm attacliment to the Interest of their 
Country and unwearied attention to its welfare, I have long 
been a Witness, Aided by their Advice and assistance, & 
firmly relying, Gentlemen, on your wisdom and Candor, I 
shall endeavor, to the utmost of my ability, faithfully and 
impartially to discharge the duties of the Ofiice. — I shall 
from time to time, Gentlemen, communicate to you, any thing 
which may occur that demands your Attention, — and you 
may depend upon my chcarfull Concurrence with you in 
every measure, tending to promote the Public Welfare, and 
upon my giving every dispatch, in my power, to the Public 

Business — 

Thomas Cushiug 

Council Chiuuber Boston Fel)^ 10'" 1785. 

Petitio7i First Parish in Falmouth. 

To the Honorable Senate and the Honoral)le House of Bep- 
resentatives of the Commonwealth of jNIassachusetts in 
General Court assembled — 

The Petition of the First Parisli in tbe Town of Falmouth 
in the County of Cumberland, by their (\)nimittco the Sub- 
scribers thereof 

humbly shews 

That they have long laboured under many Diificulties in 
respect to the raising Money for the payment of their ]Min- 
isters Salaries — and their present Situation is so peculiar 
that unless some other mode than the usual one of taxing the 
Polls and Estates of the Inlial>itants, is adopted they appro- 



420 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

hencl their difficulties will be increased — The Plan they 
have in contemplation is the following — viz — 

1^ — The Establishment of a Fund, the Interest whereof 
shall amount to the Sum of One hundred Pounds p"" Annum 
— To promote this part of said Plan, their ]\tinisters have 
consented to the Sale of the Parsonage Lands, on condition 
that the deficiency be made up by Subscription, A Subscrip- 
tion has therefore been set on foot. Some Inhabitants of 
the Parish have generally encouraged the attempt — and if 
your Honors would grant them liberty to sell the Lands 
aforesaid, they flatter themselves, a Sum will be raised suffi- 
cient for the purpose. 

Whatever may be deficient to make up the whole of both 
Salaries, and other Parish Charges, they wish to have raised 
by way of Tax upon the Pews — 

If this Plan should be compleated Your Petitioners ap- 
prehend their Happiness as a Parish will be greatly pro- 
moted. 

They therefore humbly pray that your Honors would pass 
an Act or Acts to enable them to carry it into Effect. 

And your Petitioners, as in duty bound will ever pray — 
Falmouth Feb'' 7, 1785 

Sam' Freeman, Timothy Pike \ Parish Committee 

House of Representatives Febr^ 21, 1785 

Read & Ordered that the Petitioners have leave to bring 

in a Bill for the purposes mentioned in their petition 

Sent up for cu xcurrence 

Sam A Otis Spk"" 

To the hon*''*' the general Court of the Commonwealth of 

Massa*^ 

The inhabitants of the first parish in Falmouth in the 

County of Cumberland having applied to us for our comfort 

to the selling of the parsonage lauds belonging to said parish, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 421 

in order to raise a fund equal to the income of 100£ per 

annum: We the ministers of said parish do hereby freely 

consent to the sale of the said lands, on condition that 450 

pounds by subscription or otherwise be added to the sum 

said lands shall sell for and be appropriated to the support 

of the ministry of the Gospel in said Parish agreeable to 

the original intention of the General Court in the Grant 

made by them of said Lands 

Tho^ Smith, Samuel Deane. 
Falm° Dcc^ 27'*^ 1784 

At a legal Meeting of the Inhabitants of the first Parish in 
Falm° pursuant to the foregoing notification. Deacon Ben- 
jamin Titcomb was chosen Moderator. 

1^^ Art*" Voted that the parish apply to the General Court 
for liberty to dispose of the lands belonging to said Parish; 
and that the monies arising from the sale of such lauds may 
be a fund, and the annual interest thereof be appropriated 
for the support of the Ministry in said Parish for ever — as 
far as the same will go — 

2 Voted That the Parish make application to the General 
Court; that they may be impowered to tax the pews in the 
Meetinghouse in said Parish to make up the deficiency that 
may be requisite for the support of the Ministry in said 
Parish ; and for other Parish charges : — 

3 Voted That the Parish Committee be requested to apply 
to the Inhabitants of the Parish and others, to see if they are 
disposed to give any sum of money to increase the fund pro- 
posed to l)e made l)y the sale of lands; & repoi-t their doings 
at the adjournment. 

Voted That this Meeting be adjourned to this day fort- 
night, at two o'clock P. M then to meet at this place ] viz the 
Meeting house. 

Falm" Jan'' 10"' 17S5 The Parish (if the three persons 
the Clerk included may be so called) met as adjourned, and 



422 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

further adjourned to Feb^ T"" at two o'clock P M. Feb^ T'*' 
1785. The Parish met according to adjournment — Voted 
That the Parish Comittee apply to the Ministers of the Parish 
to know if they will consent to have the Parish lands sold for 
the purpose of raising a fund agreeably to a vote of the Parish 
of Dec"" 27'" last past, and if they do consent that said Comitee 
petition the General Court for leave to sell the same accord- 
ing y : and also for an act to tax the pews agreeably to an- 
other vote passed at the same time — 

Falm° Fel/ 7'" 1785 Kecorded 

by John Frothingham Par: Ck 

A true Copy from said Parish's book of Records 

Att^' John Frothingham Par Clerk 

A Bill for NaturaUzation. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the Year of our LORD One thousand seven hundred and 
eighty five. 

An Act making Provision for the ISTatuialization of such 
Persons as may emigrate from forreign Countries, and be 
disposed to become Citizens of this Commonwealth. 

Whereas it hath pleased the Divine Being, who hath made, 
of one Blood, all jSTations to dwell on the Earth, after a long 
and arduous War, to grant Peace and Tranquility to the 
United StateL of America ; in Consequence whereof, the said 
States are now in the quiet Possession of an extensive Terri- 
tory of uncultivated Lands of the most luxuriant Quality, a 
large Proportion of which Lands ly within this Common- 
wealth. And, Whereas the Legislature, influenced, as well 
by Motives of Interest and Good Policy, as by Principles of 
Generosity and Benevolence, are ready to open their Arms 
wide to the virtuous and well-disposed Inhabitants of forreign 
Countries, and to give every Encouragement to such Inhabi- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 423 

tants to settle amongst, and become Fellow Citizens with the 
Inhabitants of the Commonwealth of ]\rassachusetts. 

Be it therefore enacted by the Senate and House of Repre- 
sentatives in General Court assembled, and by the Authority 
of the same, that any Person or Persons (Fugitives from 
justice only, and such other Persons as are expressly named 
in an Act intituled, "An Act to confiscate the Estate of cer- 
tain Notorious Conspirators against the Government and 
Liberties of the Inhabitants of the late Province, now State 
of Massachusetts Bay," excepted) who may see fit to remove 
from any foreign Country or Kingdom, and to settle within 
this Commonwealth, and who are possessed, in their ov/n 
llight, of any Estate of the Value of after having resided 
within the said Commonwealth for the Term of one Year, 
shall, before the Court of General Sessions of the Peace in 
the County where they resided, be admitted to take an Oath 
of Allegience to this Commonwealth (unless, for some special 
Reason, the Justices of the said Court shall judge the said 
Persons to be unworthy, or improper, subjects of ISTaturaliza- 
tion) and on their taking the Oath of Allegience as afore- 
said, they shall be admitted, together with their Children 
(being Minors) to the Rights of Citizenship, in common 
with the natural-born Citizens of this Commonwealth. 



Petition of Sundry Soldiers of the Late Continental Army 
For Lands Near Otisfield Mch. 1" 1785. 

To the Honorable Senate and the Honoral)le House of Repre- 
sentatives. 

The Petition of the Subscribers Soldiers in the late Army 
of the United States of America Humbly Sheweth. 

That your Petitioners have Served their Country in the 
late War with the King of Great Brittain and some of them 



424 DOCUMENTARY IIISTOEY 

the first Eupture of the time that American Liberty and 
Independence was Acknowledged and Established. 

As to the Merit of their Service they only Beg leave to 
Say that they have received each his Discharge with an 
Honorable testimony of faithful service — Respecting any 
Hardship suffered in the Camp or in the Field either from 
Hunger or Cold or the Want of necessary supplies they will 
say nothing as they are confident that the Honorable Court 
has not been uninformed or Inattentive to those Matters — 

When the Glorious Contest was Ended and Peace Estab- 
lished to the United States — Your Petitioners — Sensible 
of the Expence of the W^ar and the Difficulty of Procuring 
Money to pay the Wages of the Army Readily Accepted of 
State Securities and Continental Certificates instead of 
Money — With these Securities they Returned to their 
Families and Friends hoping to enjoy tranquility and Hap- 
piness in private Life. 

But as their iSTecessities have compell'd them to transfer 
a considerable Part of those Securities and as they have not 
been able to obtain more than one third part of their Nominal 
Value in Money or Produce, the State of your Petitioners 
in many Instances is reduced to poverty — Which usually 
produces Contempt among their Fellow Citizens — In the 
Midst of a happy Country Tryumphing in a glorious Inde- 
pendence -- Liberty and Peace — In preference to their 
present State and rather than be under the necessity of part- 
ing with their Remaining publick Securities at so great a 
loss — Thay wou'd bo happy to retire into the uncultivated 
V\^ilderness and there begin the World anew 

As your Petitioners have been lately certified that the 
Honorable Court have determined to dispose of Lands in the 
]SJ'eighbourhood of Penobscot and receive state securities for 
the same — They would gladly avail themselves of this pro- 
posal and purchase were not the Distance of those Lands so 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 425 

ISTone of the land above mentioned has yet been sold, but 
there are some who propose to purchase if they should ap- 
prove of the Soil, & are waiting untill the removal of the snow 
will admit of their forming a better Judgment of its quality. 
On the 17^*" of December last, an agreement was made by 
your Committee to sell to Jonathan Eddy Esq*" & his Asso- 
ciates, a Township on the east side of Penobscot Kiver, above 
the head of the tide, adjoyning on the lands lately surveyed 
by r>arnabas Dodge & on the said Elver, the same to con- 
tain twenty five thousand acres, including (for a landing 
place) tliree acres of land lying on the northwesterly corner 
of the lands, lately surveyed by the said Dodge, & exclusive 
of lakes, & the said Township to extend six miles l)ack from 
the said Kiver, — reserving two hundred acres of good land, 
near the center of the said Township for the future disposi- 
tion of Government. 

And the said Eddy agreed to pay to your Committee the 
sum of eight thousand dollars in the consolidated Securities 
of the Commonwealth, as soon as a deed of the said land shall 
be ready to be delivered, — and the like sum of eight thousand 
dollars in like manner, in one year from the delivery of the 
said deed & to give satisfactory seceurity for the last men- 
tioned sum; — and the said Eddy further agreed to produce 
evidence to the General Court that the Penobscot Indians 
have relinquished their pretensions to the said Township, & 
to settle thereon, thirty families in one year from the first 
day of June next, & to appropriate two hundred acres to the 
use of the ministry ;— two hundred acres to the use of the 
first settled minister & two hundred & eighty acres to the use 
of a grammar School in the said Township, near the center 
thereof; but it was nevertheless provided, that if the General 
Court shall not approve of the said agreement, that the same 
shall be null & void. — 

Your Committee on the 14^'' of this instant February 



426 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

agreed with EoLert Page of Wintlirop to sell to him, or to 
him & his Associates a gore of land adjoining to Livermore 
town, containing about six thousand seven hundred acres, 
including ponds & bogs, for the sum of five thousand dollars, 
one half to be paid on or before the first Wednesday of June 
next when a deed of the same is to be given, and the other 
half to be paid in one year afterward. 

Your Committee have lately received from Rufus Putnam 
Esq'' a letter on the subject of the eastern boundary of this 
Commonwealth, which they apprehend contains matter that 
merits the attention of the Legislature which is here with 
presented. 
In Senate March 8, 1785. 

Sam' Phillips jun'" J^ath' Wells Xathan Dane j- Comm* 
Read & sent down 

S Adams Presid* 

Petition of the Officers of the Army. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate March 5 1785 

On the petition of Benj^ Lincoln Esq"" & others, in behalf 
of themselves & others, late Officers and Soldiers in the 
Massachusetts Line of the late Army of the United States — 
praying ''that the Certificates received by them from the 
United States for their Services in the Field" — may be 
taken in payment for Lands which they may purchase, be- 
longing to this Comonwealth, 

Resolved 

that, when any officer or Soldier of the late Massachusetts 
Line may purchase any Lands in the County of Cumberland, 
or in the County of Lincoln, the property of this Common- 
wealth — the Committee appointed and authorized to sell 
the same, be and they hereby are empowered and directed to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 427 

receive of any of the said Officers or Soldiers, in payment 
therefor, such Certificates as were paid them on the final 
settlement of their Acco*^ — and at the same rate as they re- 
ceive any other puLlic securities, for Lands of like Quality 
and Situation hy them sol<l 

Provided that no Officer or Soldier shall l)e entitled to the 
benefit of this resolve any further than to the amount of 
the Certificates he may have received as aforesaid and pro- 
vided that each Officer or Soldier purchasing Land as afore- 
said, shall make oath that the Certificates paid by him 
therefor are his own property — and not the property of a; 
other person — 

Resolved — that any officer or Soldier, who may have 
parted with the Certificate given him in the first instance, 
shall have liberty to purchase other like Securities to the 
same amount — which shall be received by the said Com- 
mittee in payment as aforesaid — as freely as if the said 
Certificates were in the name of the Officer or Soldier offer- 
ing them — 

The Committee of both Houses appointed to consider of 
& report upon, the petition of Benjamin Lincoln and others, 
in behalf of themselves and others, officers & Soldiers in the 
Massachusetts Line of the late Army of the United States — 
have attended that Service & ask leave to report the Resolves 
accompanying — Tristram Dalton p"" order 

In Senate March S'*" 1785 

Read & not accepted & thereupon Ordered that the Con- 
sideration of the said Petition be referred to the next sitting 
of the Gen* Court 

Sent down for concurrence S Adams Presid^ 

In the House of Representatives March 11"* 1785 
Read & concurred as taken into a new draught 

Sent up for concurrence Sam A. Otis Spk"" 



428 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate, March 5, 1785. 

On tlie Petition of Benjamin Lincoln Esq. & others in be- 
half of themselves & others late Officers & Soldiers in the 
]\[assachusetts Line of the late Army, praying, that the Cer- 
tificates received by them from thj United States for their 
Services in the Field, may be taken in Payment for Lands, 
belonging to this Commonwealth, 

Resolved that the Committee for making Sale of Lands 
1)elonging to this Commonwealth in the County of Lincoln 
be & they hereby are authorized & impowered to sell such a 
Part or Proportion of the seven Eastern Townships, lately 
surveyed & laid out by Rufus Putnam Esq, as they may 
think fit, for the most the same will fetch, & to receive in 
payment therefor, of any Person or Persons purchasing the 
same, Securities, either of this Commonwealth, or Conti- 
nental Securities, of any Denomination indiscriminately & 
without Distinction; the said Securities (if required) to be 
certified, as genuine, from the respective Officers from which 
they were issued, & that the s'' Committee oblige The grantees 
to settle at least 30 Families in each Township (within 3 
years from the date of their Deeds of Conveyance 
great from your Petitionee*! and their Connections — And 
Apprehending that it might be of equal advantage to the 
Common Wealth to dispose of Land much nearer to them do 
therefore : 

Pray — That Lands may bo granted to your Petitioners in 
vicinity of Otisfield and Sylvester — (Plantations so called) 
on a River commonly known by the name of twenty Mile 
River — and on such terms and conditions as the honorable 
Court in their Wisdom Shall Judge Suitable and Reasonable 
— and that State Securities and Continental Certificates 
may be received in pament for the same — 

and your Petitioners as in Duty bound shall ever pray — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 429 

Richard Hine, Humphrey Alden, Seth Shidoii, Moses 
Pollard, jSTathaniel Lombard, Bristo Moweii, Phebe Davis 
Widow of Elijah Davis, John X Biirrel, Step" Edwards, 
Ezekiel Hatch, Bickford Dyer, Butler Lambord, Jese Brown, 
ISTathaniel Parker, Daniel Eldridgc, William Weeks, Silas 
Chadbourn, Asa Hatch, Enoch Frost, David Watts, ('hris- 
topher Dune Benj. Morgen 

In the House of Representatives March l'^' 17S5. 

Bead &, committed to the Committee appointed to make 

sale of the public unappropriated lands in the County of 

Cumberland 

Sent up for concurrence 

Sam A Otis Spk-" 



Petition of Hector WNcil and Others re Maps. 

To the Hon"^ the Senate, and the House of Representatives 
of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, in General 
Court Assembled — 
Th'> Petition of Hector jNtcNeil & others, Humbly sheweth. 
That your Petitioners, ever willing and ready to Exert their 
utmost ability to advance the Interest of the United States of 
America, Convinced of the great necessity of a General & 
thorough knowledge of the Geography of our Country, have 
at their own expence, & Labour, made themselves Masters of 
such a Collection of Materials as will enable them to pul)lish 
a Correct Set of Compleat Maps, of this Country from the 
Straits of Bell Isle, to the Capes of Delaware, Coincident & 
perfectly agreeing with the late Surveys, made at the Ex- 
pence of the British Government which are held in such high 
Estimation in England, that they are not permitted to Come 
to the Hands of the People at large, but wholly reserved for 
the use of their Army & Navy. 



430 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

These Drafts will be published on different Scales, with a 
view to promote their usefulness, and with Printed Direc- 
tions and Observations, peculiarly Calculated, for the use of 
Mariners, by which the IsTavigation of this Extensive Sea 
Coast may be Carried on with infinitely less risque than it 
has been hitherto . 

Your Petitioners therefore Humbly Pray, they may have 
some encouragement from the Great and General Court in 
their proceeding to Engrave upon Copper Plate and publish 
this useful work, as soon as may be, which will in the End 
prove, not only the saving of a great Expence to Government, 
as these Surveys are not likely to be amended, even at the 
Expence of much Treasure, and many years labour, but will 
bring forward a thing so immediately wanted by the publick 
both by sea & Land, and upon which both the Lives & 
Fortunes of many depend. 

Your Petitioners being Consious of the many calls the 
State have upon them at present for monies, do not presume 
to ask for any Consideration in Specie, notwithstanding their 
Expences have already been very Considerable, but would 
only pray for such a Division of Unlocated Lands, on some 
part of our ExteuF^'ve Eastern Country, as will have a Ten- 
dency to promote and encourage this Great undertaking, and 
serve the Public in a two fold manner. Viz. by Publishing 
the above, and using their utmost endeavours to settle said 
Lands without delay. 

Your Petitioners Humbly Hope, that so great an attempt 
to promote useful knowledge, will meet with your Honours 
approbation and encouragement, and your petitioners as in 
Duty bound will Ever pray. 

Hector M'Xeill, John Norman, John Coles, Benj'' Gould 
Boston March 2^ 1785. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 431 

In the House of Keprescntativcs March 4"* 1785 

Read & committed to the Committee appointed hy a Re- 
solve of the 28'*' Oct" 1783 upon the sul)ject of the unap- 
propriated lands in the County of Lincoln, to consider & 
report 

Sent up for concurrence 

Sam A Otis Spk"" 
In Senate March O'" 1785 

Read and Concurred 

S Adams Presid*^ 
In Senate March 12'" 1785 

Read again & the Senate Reconsider their former vote & 
concur with the Hon. House S. Adams Presid"^ 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts To the Hon'''^ Senate of 
Said Commonwealth 

For the information of the Honourable Senate, the Sul)- 
scribers beg leave to explain some parts of the Petition of 
Hector M'^Neal & others — Viz* — 

That the intended Publication of Maps, has not been 

opened by Subscription, tlie INfap we have several Hundred 

Subscribers for, is the four New England States only, and 

for which we presume no further reward, than the price to 

Subscribers, and in which M*" ]\PNeal has no Interest, but 

the publication proposed is a vastly greater undertaking, and 

will cost the petitioners more Interest than they can support, 

without the help of Government, they therefore pray the 

Hon"'" Senate would be pleased to Concur with the Hon"'" 

House in their Resolve, on the aforesaid Petition. 

And as in Duty bound shall Ever pray 

John Norman 

John Coles 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts \ 

In the House of Representatives 7*" Nov' 1785 
On the Petition of Jn° Norman and Jn° Coles publishers 
of a Map of the four Eastern States, praying an Inspection 



432 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

of the s** Map: it Laving been represented to be a very im- 
perfect Performance, & an imposition on the Public — Your 
Committee have carefully examin'J and compared s*^ Map, 
with a Collection of Maps call" the American Atlas, published 
by the Brittish, in 1Y78, from which s" Map is chiefly taken, 
and are of Opinion that it is 'n general well copy'd, with 
many Amendments, and do recommend it as an improve- 
ment on any Map of the kind hitherto published — 

The Committee appointed by a Resolve of the General Court 
of the 28^" of Ocf 1783, on the subject of unappropriated 
lands in the County of Lincoln, received from Rufus Putnam 
Esq'' on the 11^^ of ISTov"" last, a plan of seven Townships on 
the Passamaquoddy River & Bay & lying between the Rivers 
Schoodie & Cobscook, together with Moose Island, Dudley's 
Island & Trade Island, all surveyed by him, on which is 
represented the mouth of the Maggaeadava, as taken from an 
Hallifax plan — they have also received a return of the 
quantity and quality of the land in each Township, and also 
of the names of those who have entered thereon: — The 
Committee immediately proceeded to advertize in the Inde- 
pendent Chronicle, and in the Essex, Springfield & Worcester 
Newspapers, the Townships & Islands above mentioned, 
giving a general description of the situation & quality of 
the same, & notifying the times & places, where more par- 
ticular Intelligence might be obtained concerning them. 



Extract of a Letter from the HonJ'^^ Rufus King to the Presi- 
dent of 8en£Lte Tal'en By Direction of the Senate — 
Re: Eastern Boundary. 

New York 25*'' Feb^ 1785. 
In the earliest instructions to the ]\linister at the Court of 
London I hope the individual interest of Massachusetts will 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 433 

be attended to — the objects of commerce, including the 
carrying trade are the concern of many States, & will not be 
omitted; but you will excuse me in soliciting your attention 
to a point of negotiation highly important to Massachusetts 
— I mean, her Eastern boundary — A resolve of Congress 
of the 29"" day of January 1784 — placed this business in 
train & originated, the appointment of Commissioners by 
Massachusetts to examine into the complaints of encroach- 
ments by the british on her territory, the commissioners, 
proceeded to make such examination 

I think reported to the Legislature a state of facts & their 
opinion on the same, & here the business appears to have 
terminated — 

The resolve above referred to recommends that the pro- 
ceedings had by Massachusetts, should be communicated to 
Congress — this communication has not been made, altho, 
it is most clearly the policy of Massachusetts to do it, & to 
procure an Act of Congress upon the subject, that shall make 
it the concern of the Union — 

Congress in their present un-informed situation can do 
nothing on the subject — If a proper report comes fonvard 
to Congress, it undoulitcdly will become an instruction to 
their Minister- — the application going to the Sovereign, in 
the first instance, will be, not only more proper, but, more 
efficacious, than to any of his Governors — That the interest 
of Massachusetts is concerned in this business, is, not only 
my apology, but my inducement, to introduce it to your 
attention — 
In Senate March 9'^ 1785 

Read & Sent down S. Adams Presid* 

In the House of Representatives March lO^** 1785. 

Read & committed to the Committee appointed on the 
Letter of the 12'*' ult" from the Delegates of this Common- 
wealth at Congress 

Sent up for concurrence Sam A Otis Spk"" 

29 



434 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petition of Silas Barnes. 

Common v/ea 1th of Massachusetts To the Honorable Senate, 
& the Hon. House of Representatives of said Committee 
in General Court assembled — 

The Petition of vSilas Barnes, Agent of the Inhabitants of 
the Plantation of Hancock or Kennebec River Humbly shews, 

That the said Plantation is situated on lx)th sides the said 
River & extends into the Country five miles on each side 
thereof and is bounded southerly on the Town of Winslow 
and northerly on a Tract of land known by the Name of 
Canaan- — and contains fifty families — That the said Plan- 
tation of Hancock has been hitherto taxed as an adjacent to 
the Town of Winslow; from which circumstance the said 
Plantation has experienced much inconvenience and great 
hardship — the said Barnes therefore humbly prays your 
Honours that in all future assessments the said Inhabitants 
may be properly authorized to tax themselves such sums as 
the Hon Legislature may think proper to lay upon them in 
their present state of Infancy & y"" Petitioner as in duty 
bound will ever pray Silas Barron 

Feb'' 4*M785 

Answer to A ■'>ove. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives March 11''' 1785 

On the Petition of Silas Barron in behalf of himself and 
others Residing on a Tract of Land in the County of Lincoln 
on each side of Kennebeck River adjoining the town of 
Winslow belonging to the Common Wealth praying that they 
may be Impowered to Assess Taxes on themselves in like 
Manner as Plantations granted by the Legislature 

Resolved that the Prayer of the Petition be Granted — 
And the People that do or hereafter may Reside on the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 435 

Tract of Land called Ilancock extending five Miles each 
side from Kennebeck River Between the Towns of Winslow 
and a tract of Land known by the Name of Canaan arc 
hereby Authorized Empowered and Required to assess on 
themselves every species of Taxes which granted Plantations 
are by Law Authorized and Required to Assess and the Said 
People Residing on the said Tract of Land called Hancock 
are also Empowered and Required to chuse and appoint 
proper Officers for the purpose of assessing and Collecting 
Taxes in the same Manner as Granted Plantations are Em- 
powered and Required to do and such Officers w^hen chosen 
shall be and be considered under the same Obligations of 
Law as such like Officers are holden to be in granted Towns 
and Plantations in this Common Wealth. — 

And that Ezk' Pattie Esq"" Justice of the Peace be & he 
is hereby Directed and Required to Issue his Warrant Di- 
rected to some suitable Person Residing on the said Tract 
of Land called Hancock to Warn a Meeting of the Inhabi- 
tants Quallified by Law to Vote for town officers on the third 
Wednesday in May next to chuse the officers as afores** and 
the said officers afterwards shall be chosen in March annual- 
ly as the Law prescribes in that case made and Provided — 

And the People Residing on the Lands called Hancock 
aforesaid Shall be holden to pay to the Town of Winslow 
whatever Taxes have been heretofore Lawfully assessed on 
them by said Town this Resolve notwithstanding 

Sent up for concurrence Sam A Otis Spk'' 

Petition of Elizabeth Goldthwait. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Nov"" 18"' 1785 
On the Petition of Elizabeth Goldthwait Adm'' on the 
Estate of Ezekiel Goldthwait late of Boston dec^ intestate, 



436 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

setting forth that, at a Court of Common Pleas hehl at Bos- 
ton on the first Tuesday of Ocf last, she did, in her said 
Capacity, recover Judgment against Thomas Goldthwait of 
Penobscot Esq Absentee, for the Sum of £969 .. 20 ., 8 damage 
& £20 .. 12 .. 8 Cost of Suit — that she afterwards levied Ex- 
cmtion for the Said Surr. 3 upon certain Lands in the County 
of Lincoln, which Lands were held in common & equal Shares 
between the said Thomas & the late Gov"" Sir Francis Bernard 
dec** whose part hath since inured to this Commonwealth, 
that great Strip & Waste hath been made, & are still making 
on the said Lands;- — And praying, that some Measures may 
be adopted to effect a Division & Partition of the said Lands 
between the Conmion wealth & the said Elizabeth in her said 
Capacity, that so legal & effectual Measures may be taken to 
prosecute such Trespassers, & prevent the like Conduct for 
the future. 

Resolved, that with such other third Person as they may 
agree on be a Committee with full Power, to make an equit- 
able & just Division & Partition of the Lands aforesaid be- 
tween this Commonwealth and the said Elizabeth in her 
said Capacity Provided always that this resolve shall never 
be so construed as to affect the title to the fee of the said 
lands either on the part of l:ie (Commonwealth or said 
petitioner 

Petition of Le wist on Plantation. 

To the Honorab' Senate & House of Representatives \ Com- 
mon Wealth of Massachusetts 

The Petition of the inhabitants of the Plantation of Lew- 
iston so Called humbly Sheweth 

That Whereas Several Warrants for Raising Taxes for 
Government have Been Directed by the Treasurer of this 
State to the Selectmen or Assessors of Lewiston While no 
Such Officers Ever have Been In this Plantation and their 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 437 

Being no officers In the town nor Any Direction from the 
hon" Court to Choose any it has Been Impracticable for us 
to Assess and Gather Said Taxes had We Been Able and 
Whereas We att the time of the first Warrant in 1781 to 
Raise Ninty Pounds wc Were quite unable to pay s^ taxe 
had we Been officer*^ their Being But about forty families all 
new beginers And as we have Consideral)ly In Creas'' In 
number Since are Still In Low Circumstances therefore 
should all the taxes Now be Called For it would Reduce near- 
ly one half of us So Low that We Should Be unable to Sup- 
port ouer families — & a considerable number having moved 
into Said Place Since, and has Payd their Taxes Else Where 
And a Considerable many have Arrived to the Age of Six- 
teen Since, The first Precept — — 

That this is a true Representation of the State of the Case 
as your Petitioners are Ready to make Appear if neadfull to 
this hon^' Cort Whatsoever Representations may have Been 
made to the Contrary Therefore We your Petitioners Pray 
your honors to Compassionate our Case, and abate the 
former taxes and Recall the former Warrants and your 
Petitioners Will not only Exert themselves to Pay their 
Proportion for the future to the Best of our Ability Being 
Sensible that the Publick Necessities Call for all to assist in 
sharing the Burden As far as they Can ; But also as in 
Duty Bound Shall Ever Pray 

Sign'd by 
Benj Merrill Daniel Davis, Thomas Rose [ 

Committee for s** Plantation 

Dated Lewiston October the 25"> 1784 

Answei' to Above. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives March 15, 1785. 
Whereas the Petition of the Inhabitants of the Plantation 



438 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

of Lewistown praying for reasons set forth in said Petition 
that they might be exempted from the pajinent of certain 
laxes required of them since the year 1780, is referred for 
consideration to the fii«st session of the next General Court 
therefore Resolved that the Treasurer be and hereby is di- 
rected to stay execution against the said Plantation for said 
Taxes until the first day of August next — any Resolve to the 
Contrary notwithstanding 

Sent up for concurrence Sam A Otis Spk"" 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives March 15 1785 

On the Petition of the Inhabitants of the Plantation of 
Lewistown setting forth that since the year 1780 they have 
received several warrants from the Treasurer of this Com- 
monwealth, to assess certain Taxes amounting to two hun- 
dred and seventy pounds and that at the time of the reception 
of these warrants, they were destitute of Officers, and not in 
a Capacity by Law to choose them, and ignorant of any mode 
by which they could legall}^ assess the money required and 
pleading their inability now to pay said Taxes — 

Resolved, that the said Plantation be abated One hundred 
and thirty five pounds, being one half of the sum required 
of them to assess and collect prior to the year 1784 — when 
they were by Law put into a Capacity to Asess and collect 
Taxes — and that the Treasurer be and hereby is directed 
to withdraw the warrants by him issued against the said 
Plantation prior to the Tax granted in the Year 1784 — and 
issue a new Warrant for the sum of one hundred and thirty 
five pounds 

Lewistown County of Lincoln D' 

Assessment on Octo 1781 specie Tax — 90.. — .. — , D° — 
Continental Tax N" 1 60.. — ..—, D° Conti- 
nental Tax N° 2 60.. — ..—, D° Common- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 439 

wealth Tax N° 3 60 .. — .. — , D° ditto for Army Xotes 

N°4 — 42.. — ..— Total £312.. — ..— 
Treasury Office March 10, 1785 

Thomas I vers Treas"" 



Petition of John Curtis. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts — To the Hon. Senate & 
the Hon. House of Representatives of s*^ Commonwealth 
in General Court Assembled — 

The petition of John Curtis of Falmouth in the County of 
Cumberland — 

Humbly sheweth, • 

That at a Court of Common Pleas held at Pownalbor" in 
the County of Lincoln on the last Tuesday of September 
Anno Dom. 1781 your Petitioner was sued in an Action of 
Trespass by one Philip Hodskins of Frenchmans Bay for 
entering & tortiously continuing in his house and for taking 
away his property to a large amount as appears from the 
Paper's accompanying this Petition — That the said cause 
was continued to June Term 1782 when your Petitioners 
Counsel suffered him to become default from a mistaken idea 
that your Petitioner had abandoned his cause, when the case 
in fact was that your Petitioner was then absent on a Voyage 
at Sea and could not therefore personally attend in order to 
take care of the said Cause but previous to his going from 
home he wrote to his said Attorney respecting the conduct of 
the said Suit ; but the Latter by some imfortunate accident 
miscarried and never reached the said Attorney — That upon 
the evidence offered to the Jury on the part of the Plaintiff 
only the said Jury gave damages against your Petitioner for 
the sum of £200 and also Costs of the same Suit though your 
Petitioner can fully prove & could then if he had an op- 



440 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

portimity that he never tortioiisly entered or continued in 
the Plaintiff's House nor never took from him but a very 
small part of the property mentioned in the said Hodskins's 
declaration and even that small part your Petitioner could 
then can now as fully prove he had a right by the Laws of 
the said State to take as the said Hodskins was then engaged 
as your Petitioner can make it appear in an illicit Trade with 
the Enemies of the United States — 

That your Petitioner's Counsel finding the Jury had given 
a Sum in damages that must completely ruin your Petitioner 
should he be obliged to pay it appealed to the Supreme Judi- 
cial Court held at Falm" on the Tuesday next following the 
4^'' Tuesday of June 1782, but as your Petitioner had not 
then returned from the Sea the said Supreme Court continued 
Ihe same cause to the next Term of the said Court to be held 
in said County in the year 1784. though under the disagre- 
able circumstance of the default which confessed a right of 
Action in the plaintiff or appellee — yet your Petitioner 
prepared for such defence as circumstances would then per- 
mit & procured the nece£'='ary Papers and Evidence in the 
case; but by a fatality which seemed to pursue your Peti- 
tioner in this matter he left the said Supreme Court before 
the Tryal came on and Set out for Boston in a Vessell of 
which he was then master as he was informed by his Counsel 
at Falni" that his presence was not necessary : and by a mere 
mistake carried the Copy of the case with him so that he could 
have no hearing at all before the said Supreme Court & by 
that unfortunate circumstance was again defaulted & the 
former Judgment was affirmed with additional Costs by 
which means your Petitioner is now unjustly Subjected to 
an Execution for more than he is worth — 

Your Petitioner therefore humbly prays your Honours to 
take his truly distressed circumstances into your mature con- 
sideration & in tenderness to his unhappy family be pleased 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 441 

to grant that he may have an Opportunity of a fair hearing 
which is all he desires and your Petitioner as in duty bound 
Shall ever pray — John Curtis 

Jan^ 22'' 1785 

Order of Court. 

Lincoln ss. The Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To the Sheriffs of our Countys of Lincoln and Cumberland 
i-espectively, their respective Under Sheriffs or Deputies — 
Greeting 

We Command you to attach the Goods or Estate of John 
Curtis of Falmouth in our said County of Cumberland, 
Mariner, and Eobert Askins of Bristol, in our said County 
of Lincoln Yeoman, to the Value of three hundred pounds 
and for want thereof to take the Bodies of the said John 
and Robert, if they may be found in your Precinct, and them 
safely keep, so that you have them before our Justices of our 
Inferior Court of common pleas, next to be holden at Pownal- 
borough, within and for our said County of Lincoln on the 
last Tuesday of September next, then and there in our said 
Couri to answer unto Philip Hodgkins of a place called 
Frenchman's Bay in our said County of Lincoln Yeoman, 
in a plea of Trespass; for that the said John and and Robert, 
at said place called Frenchman's Bay, on this ninth day of 
January, last with Force and Arms broke & entered the said 
Phillips' dwelling house there, and took and carried away 
therefrom the several Articles mentioned in the Schedule an- 
nexed, numbered One, the property of the said Philip, and 
of the respective Values therein mentioned, & put the said 
Philip's Wife, Children & Family in said dwelling house 
then & there being into great Fear and Terror, and the said 
Philip disturbed & deprived in & of y*" quiet & lawful En- 
joyment of said dwelling house for the Space of twenty hours 
— and for that the said John & Robert aftei'\vards, viz, 



442 DOCUMENTARY IIISTOKY 

upon the same day at Frenchman's Bay afores^ with force 
and Arms as aforesaid broke and entered a certain two mast 
Boat belonging to the said Philip, and took and carried 
away therefrom the several Goods & Chattels mentioned in 
the Schedule annexed numbered Two, the Property of the 
said Philip and of the several and respective Values therein 
mentioned being the said Philip's stock in Trade & Business 
in and by trading upon which he got his living, by means 
whereof he and his said Boat were put out of employ for a 
long Time; viz, for the space of five months, and he v/as 
deprived of the lawful Gains he could have made by law- 
fully trading with the Goods and Chattels aforesaid; and 
other Wrongs the s** John and Robert there did to the said 
Philip at the several Times aforesaid, against our Peace, 
and to the Damage of the said Philip as he says the Sum of 
three hundred pounds which shall then and there be made 
to appear with other due damages. And have you there this 
Writ with your doings therein. 

Witness William Lithgow Esq at Pownalborough this sixth 
day of June Anno Domini 1782 

Jon^ Bowman Philip Hodgkins 
Cumberland Ss June the 18, 1782. 

In Obedience to the within Writ I have attached a Chair 
of the within named John Curtis, value six Shillings and 
left a Summons at his house according to Law 

Benj° Bayley Deputy Sheriff 

Fees, Service & Travel 16/4 
Lincoln Ss. Septem' y' 6, 1782 

By Virtue of this Writ I left a Summons at the last & 
usual place of abode of the within named Robert Arskins 
according to Law, but could find no Estate of said Robert 

David Murray, Dep'' Sheriff 

Fees Travel 4/6 Service 1/4 ferriage 3/2 Total 9/0 
Copy Examin*^ by J Bowman 



OF THE STATE OP MAINE 443 

]Sr° 1 Schedule of Goods taken from the house 

1 pair new blue br*^ Cloth Breeches superfine — 2-8-0, 
1 Cott & Linnon Shirt 8/ 2 pair Worsted Stockings — 18 — , 
10 gal new England Rum 4 — 10— Total 7.. 16 — 

N° 2 Goods taken from the Boat 

3 bb^ New Eng"' Rum q' 101 gal a 9/— 45 — 9 — 0, 2 

barr'^ Sug"- [ ] C* w^ a 10 16/ 19.4 , 1 bag Coifee 

q* 50 •'' a 2/ — 5 , 45 lb Tobacco a 2/ — 4-10 , 

4 new Bed Blankets a 24/— 4-16-0, II/2 "" Powder 9/3 
lb. Shot 3/— —12—, 2 Sides Shoe Leather — 2 - 2 - 

1 Tin Quart 3/ 1 Tin Tunnel — 31 6 — , 2 feather 

Pillows with Cases 16 — Total £90 .. 11 .. — 

A true Copy of the Schedule annexed to the Writ — 
Att J Bo\vman 

Hodgkins vs. Curtis and Asl-ins. 

Lincoln Ss. 

At a Court of common pleas held at Pownalborough within 
and for the County of Lincoln, on the first Tuesday of June, 
being the Day of said Month, Anno Domini 1783. 

Philip Hodgkins of a place called Frenchman's Bay in 
said County of Lincoln Yeoman ptt v^ John Curtis of Fal- 
mouth in the County of Cumberland, Mariner, and Robert 
Askins of Bristol in the County of Lincoln Yeoman, Def^ 
in a plea of Trespass; for that the said John and Robert at 
said place called Frenchman's Bay on the ninth day of 
January A. D. one thousand seven hundred & eighty two 
with Force and Arms broke and entered the said Philip's 
dwelling house there, and took and carried away therefrom 
the several articles mentioned in the Schedule annexed to 
the Writ, numbered One, the Property of the said Philip 
and of the respective Values therein mentioned, and put the 



444 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

said Philip's Wife, Children and Family in said dwelling 
house then and there being into great Fear and Terror, and 
the said Philip disturbed and deprived in and of the Quiet 
and lawful Enjoyment of said dwelling house for the Space 
of Twenty hours — And for that the said John and Robert 
afterwards, viz upon the same day, at Frenchman's Bay 
aforesaid, with Force & Arms as aforesaid, broke and entered 
a certain two Mast Boat, belonging to the said Philip, and 
took and carried away therefrom the several Goods and 
Chattels mentioned in the Schedule annexed to the Writ 
numbered Two, the Property of the said Philip, and of the 
several & respective Values therein mentioned, being the said 
Philips Stock in Trade & Business, — in and by trading upon 
which he got his Living; by means whereof he and his said 
Boat were put out of Employ for a long Time, viz for the 
Space of five Months and he was deprived of the lawful 
Gains he could have made by lawfully trading with the 
Goods and C-hattels aforesaid, and other Wrongs the said 
John and Robert there di>l to the said Philip at the several 
Times afores*^ against the Peace and to the Damage of the 
said Philip as he says the Sum of three hundred pounds 
This Case was commenced last Term and continued to this 
— And at this Term the Dep*^ tho solemnly called to come 
into Court did not appear but made default ; Whereupon the 
Case (after a full hearing of the ptt as well as the Dept^ by 
their Council) was committed to a Jury sworn according to 
Law to enquire of the Damages, who returned their Verdict 
therein upon Oath that is to say, they assess for the pit two 
hundred Pounds Damages — It is therefore Considered by 
said Court that the Pit recover against the Def'^ the Sum of 
Two hundred Pounds Damages & Costs. The Deft^ appealed 
from this Judgment to the next Supreme Judicial Court to 
be holden at Falmouth in the County of Cumberland, and 
for the Counties of Cumberland & Lincoln, & entered into 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 445 

Recognizance with Sureties, as the Law directs, for prose- 
cuting their Appeal with Effect — 

A true Copy as appears of Record 

Exam*^ by J Bowman Cle*" 

Deposition of Moses Hodgkins. 

Moses Hodskins of hnvful Age testifies and declares that 
sometime the last Winter in 1782 T being in my Father's 
House viz Philip Hodskins a ISTumljer of j\Ien came to my 
Father's house and took me out of the house by force and and 
earryed me to my Father's Boat which lay about half a mile 
from the house — one of the Party asked me if that was I\P 
Hodskins's Boat — I told them it was — they told me they 
intended to carry the Boat off & tried to get her off, but she 
was aground and they could not get her off — they then asked 
Avho the Goods belonged to that was on board of said Boat — 
I told them they belong*^ to my Father Philip Hodskins — 
When they found they could not get the Boat off, they having 
a Boat along side, they went to w^ork & took the greatest part 
of the Goods out of my Father's Boat and loaded their Boat 
along side with said Good;, the Goods they took were in 
Barrels and Baggs, which they said was Rum and Sugar 
with a small Quantity of Leather — After they had taken 
the Things they ordered me on Board of their Boat and 
brought me to the Landing Place, and sat me on Shore and 
part of the Men came on Shore with mo and came to my 
Father's house, and the Remainder of the i\Ien went off with 
the Goods and Boat, and went down the Bay 

The Party w^hich came to the house wnth mc brought a 
Case Bottle of Rum with them which they drank and spilt 
in the house — In the ]\[ean Time Cap' Crabtree came to 
the house and desired of the person who called himself an 
officer that the Room might be cleared out, that M" Hodg- 
kins and the Children might have the priviledge of the Fire 



446 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 



— The Room was clear'd accordingly — The Party stay"* 
at my Father's house all Night towards day another Party 
came to the house one of the Party which came last told the 
officer who was at the house all night that it was the Cap- 
tain's orders — that they might take the Remainder of the 
Goods which was on Board of Hodskins Boat and bring them 
off, the said officer / whose Name I do not remember to have 
heard mentioned / v/ith the whole of the Party which had 
been on Shore, went to the Landing but as I did not go to 
the Shore at that Time I do not know what happened ; — 
but a short Time after I went to the Landing, where I saw 
M"" Crabtree mending their Boat, which I understood was 
stove with the Surff — When the Boat was mended they 
launched her off afloat, and I also saw them take off the 
Beach a bb' which they said was Rum and carryed it off — 

And further this Deponent declares that I heard one of 
the Men say that their Privateer lay at Mount Desert — that 
after they were gone, there was several Things mist out of 
the house, viz a pair Breeches a Jacket a pair of Stockins 
and a Shirt with a small piece of Bed Tick — 

And further this Deponent recollects, that the said Case 
Bottle of Rum before mentioned he well remembers some 
of the party drew it out of a Barrel which was in my Father's 
Cellar and taken by them when they first came on Shore, to 
my Father's house — and further saith not — 

Moses Hodgkins 

Lincoln Ss. Frenchmans Bay Septem'' 16 .. 1782. 

Then the above named Moses Hodgkins personally ap- 
peared and after being carefully examined and duly 
cautioned to testify the whole Truth relating to the Cause 
in which his Deposition by him above subscribed is to be used, 
made Oath to the Truth of the same, taken at the Request 
of Philip Hodgskins of a place called Frenchman's Bay in 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 447 

the County of Lincoln, Yeoman, and to be used in an Action 
of Trespass to be heard and tried at the Inferior Court of 
common pleas, to be held at Pownalborough in and for the 
County of Lincoln the last Tuesday of this Instant Septem- 
ber, wherein the said Philip is pit. & John Curtis of North 
Yarmouth in the County of Cumberland ]\[ariner <fc Robert 
Askins of Bristol in the County of Lincoln Yeoman are 
Deft^ — The Deponent living & being more than thirty Miles 
from the Place of Trial — The said adverse party living and 
being more than twenty Miles from the Place of Caption 
were not notified nor present taken and Sealed up according 
to Law, by me Alex Campbell Just, pacis. 

Witness attend 1 Day £0 — 3 — 0, Justices travel out & 
home 50 Miles, — 15 — 0, Writing Deposition — 2 — 0, 
Affidavit, — 1 — 6 Total £1 — 1 — 6 

Opened in Court, Att J Bo^\^nan Cler 

Copy Examin** by Jno Bowman Cler. 



Deposition of Agreen Crabtree. 

Ag-een Crabtree of lawful Age testifies & declares that 
sometime in the Month of January 1782 two of my Xeigh- 
bours, viz. Weston & West came to my house in Frenchman's 
Bay and told me there was Privateers Men at M"" Philip 
Hodgkins house and they believed would plunder the Family 
and carry away the Schooner, and desired I would go to 
Hodgkins — I went with them to said Hodgkins where I 
saw a Xumber of ]\[en (strangers to me) in possession of 
everj room in the house — M"" Hodgkins not being at home, 
M" Hodgkins & Family in the Utmost Confusion sitting in 
the back parts of the Room, I asked them if they had any 
Officer with them — they told me they had — I desired them 
to call the Officer — they did accordingly — I desired ho 



448 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

iniglit clear one Room, that the Woman and Family might 
have the Benefit of the Fire, as the Weather was cold — I 
then asked the officer what his Name was — he told me 
Jenkins and that he heloroed to Rhode Island I asked him 
his Captains Name — he told me his Name was Jenkins and 
belonged to the same place. I spent the Night with them at 
M"" Hodgkins About break of Day in the Morning one Bartin 
of Mount Desert, which belonged to the Privateer which 
then lay at said Mount Desert, came to M"" Hodgkins where 
I then was and told the Officer that it was the Capt Orders, 
that he must with the Men he had on Shore, go on board 
Hodskins's Schooner, and take the Remainder of the Goods 
out of her and come on board as soon as possible I went to 
the landing with them, where we found said Bartins Boat 
was stove with the Surff — ^Then the said Officers ordered 
said Bartin to take the above named Westers Boat, which 
lay at the Landing haul "^ up, and go on board Hodskins 
Schooner and take the Remainder of the Goods they should 
find on board said Bartin went with a Number of Men in 
said Westen's Boat according to orders — I did not see them 
on board said Hodgkins Schooner as I assisted them to re- 
pair their Boat which had been stove and was at the Landing 
when said Boat & IMen returned — they brought with them.' 
two Bbls Malosses and one D° Rum, and a Porringer and 
some other small Matters which I well know did belong to 
said Hodgkius's Boat, which small Articles I got from 
them, having their promises before that they would not 
strip said Boat, and further persuaded them to deliver 
up the two Barrels of Mollases, as it was a very scarce 
Article in this Country, to which they complied and left 
the Molasses according to my Desire — The said officer 
asked me why M"" Hodskins had not haul'd said Goods up to 
his house before that Time — I told him that M"" Hodskins's 
Business had carryed him from home, that the Ground was 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 449 

hard froze and Slippery, and his Oxen not shod made it 
very difScult to get the Goods np, and all which I now posi- 
tively declare was the Case, and which they then allowed to 
be a sufficient Treason — And further this deponent declares 
that after said Bartin came to ]\r Hodgkins's as aforesaid, I 
asked him what the Captains Name was — he told me it was 
Curtis — I also asked him what ihe said Officers Xame was 
I then present ] he told me his Xame was Askins — And this 
Deponent further declares that after said Officer and Men 
set out to go on board their Privateer, I returned to M"" 
Hodgkins — I heard M"" Hodgkins complain very much that 
the Privateers Men had taken several Articles out of the 
house, viz one Bed Blanket one Jacket one pair of I'reeches, 
a pair of Silk Stockings, and other Things, which I do not 
recollect ^ and further M"" Hodgkins said that the Privateers 
men had taken out of the Boat before I came there the Even- 
ing before a Quantity of Tobacco, Coffee, Rum & Sugar, as 
much as their Boat would carry, all which the said officer had 
told me before he went away, and further this Deponent 
saith not — 

Agreen Crabtree 

Lincoln ss. Frenchmans Bay September 16. 1782 

Then personally appeared the above named AgTeen Crab- 
tree, and after being carefully examined and duly cautioned 
to testify the whole Truth relating to the Cause in which his 
Deposition by him above subscribed is to be used made Oath 
to the Truth of the same taken at the Request of Philip 
Hodgkins of a place called Frenchman's Bay in the County 
of Lincoln Yeoman and to be used in an Action of Trespass 
to be heard and tried at the Superior Court of common pleas 
to be held ta Pownalborough in and for the County of Lincoln 
on the last Tuesday of September instant, wherein the said 
Philip is pet and John Curtis of North Yarmouth in the 

30 



450 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

County of Cumberland Mariner and Eobert Askins of Bris- 
tol in the County of Lincoln Yeoman are Def — The De- 
ponent living & being more than thirty miles from the place 
of Trial the said Adverse Parties living and being more than 
twenty Miles from the place of Caption was not notified nor 
present. 

Taken and sealed up according to Law by me 

Alex Campbell Justs Pacis 

Witness 1 days Attendance — — 3 — Justices Trav' 
out & home 50 Miles — 15 — Affidavit — 1 — 6 
Writing Deposition — 3 — Total £1 ..2—6 

opened in Court Att J Bowman Cler. 

Copy Exam"^ by Jon^ Bowman Cle"" 

Deposition of John Hamor. 

The Deposition of John Hamor of lawful Age testifies and 
declares that sometime in the Winter 1782 I was on Board of 
Capt John Curtiss Privateer at Mount Desert in Frenchman's 
Bay where I saw Capt Curtis mending a Boat on the Deck of 
said Privateer, which Boat said Curtis told me had been 
stove on the other Side of the Bay — then said Curtis ask'd 
me down into the Cabbin — I went into the Cabbin with him 
according to his desire when said Curtis told me he had 
taken sundry Articles from M*" Philip Hodskins Viz Rum 
Sugar & many other things which I do not recollect I saw 
two barrells of Rum which said Curtis Told he had taken 
from said Hodskins. I drank some of the Rum therefore 
am positive it was Rum said barrells contain'd and further 
this Deponent declares that the Sailing Master, whose name 
was downs shewed him a small bagg of Tobacco which said 
Downs Told him he had taken from said Hodskins and fur- 
ther this Deponent declares that the said Curtis told him that 
the cause of his taking said Goods from the said Hodskins 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 451 

was that he had seen said Hodskins with his Vessell at West 
Passamaquaddj some days before and that he the said Curtis 
had sent an Officer on board said Hodskins and by the Officers 
information said Curtis expected said Hodskins was bound 
into Passamaquadia with his said Vessell but that said Hods- 
kins instead of putting into Passamaquadia as said Curtis 
expected when the Tide suted had sailed for Frenchman's 
Bay and that said Curtis had sent his lx)at after him for 
three days but could not overtake him therefore he the said 
Curtis said he was determined to have satisfaction of said 
Hodskins for the trouble he had given him & further saith 

not 

John Hamor 

Lincoln ss Frenchman's Bay September IG*** 1782 then the 
above named John Hamor personally appeared and after 
being carefully examined and duly cautioned to testify the 
whole truth relating to the cause in which this Deposition 
by him within subscribed is to be used made oath to the truth 
of the same taken at the request of Philip Hodskins of a 
place called Frenchman's Bay in the County of Lincoln 
Yeoman and to be used in an action of Trespass to be heard 
and tryed at the inferior Court of Common Pleas to be held 
at Pownalborough in and for said County of Lincoln on the 
last Tuesday of this instant September wherein the said 
Philip Hodskins is Plaintiff and John Curtis of Xorth Yar- 
mouth in the County of Cumberland Mariner and Robert 
Askins of Bristol in the County of Lincoln Yeoman are de- 
fendants the Deponent living and being more than thirty 
miles from the place of tryal is the cause of caption of this 
Affidavit the said adverse party living and being more than 
twenty miles from the plase of Caption was not notified nor 
present. Taken and scaled up according to Law by me 

Alex. Campbell Jus' pacis 



452 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Witness travell 9 miles out & home .... 1 .. 6, attendance 1 
day .. .. 3 .... , Justice travell out and home 50 miles 



.. .. 15 .. .. , writing Depon .. .. 1 


.. 4, Caption of d° 


.. .. 1 .. 6 Total 1.. 2.. 4, 




1.. 1.. 6 




10.. 6 




1.. 2.. 6 




3.. 16.. 10 




opened in Court 


J Bowman Cler 


Copy examined by J Bowman Cler. 





Deposition of John II art. 

The Deposition of John Hart testifies & declares That as 
it is given from under hand by one Asa Kimball & ]\Ioses 
Coburn l)oth Inhabitants of S' John's in the province of 
jSTova Scotia, that at the Time Cap* Curtis captur'd and took 
sundry Articles from Capt Philip Hodgkins sometime in 
the month o^ January 1782 that the said Goods was the 
Property and belonged to the Subscriber of this Deposition ; 
wherefore this Deponent declares that he had no Goods on 
Board of Cap' Hodskins of any Nature or kind at the Time 
when said Curtis took the things from him the saidTTodskins 
& further saith not John Hartt 

Lincoln ss. number four 

Then the above named John Hart personally appeared & 
after being carefully examined and duly cautioned to testify 
the Whole Truth relating to the Cause in which his Deposition 
by him above subscribed is to be used, made Oath to the Truth 
of the same taken at the Request of Philip Hodskins of a 
Place called Frenchman's bay in said County of Lincoln 
Yeoman and to be used in an Action of Trespass to be heard 
& tried at the Inferior Court of common pleas to be held at 
Pownalborough in and for the County of Lincoln on the last 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 453 

Tuesday of September next, wherein the said Philip is ptt 
& John Curtis of ISTorth Yarmouth in the County of Cuml^er- 
land Mariner, & Robert Askins of Bristol in the County of 
Lincoln Yeoman are Def t^ — The Deponent living and being 
more than thirty miles from the Place of Trial — The said 
Adverse Party living and being more than twenty miles from 
the place of Caption was not notified nor present 
Taken and sealed up according to Law by me 

Alex"" Campbell Just peace 

Witness Travel 30 miles — 5 — his attendance 1 day 
— — 3 — 0, Justice his Writing Deposition — 1 — Affi- 
davit — 1 — 6, Total — 10 — 6 

Opened in Court Att J Bowman Cler, 

Permit to Schooner Sally. 

Permit the Schooner Sally, Philip Hodgkins Master to 
pass the American Armed Vessels to Passamay Quady with 
some small Articles to purchase some fish & to settle his ac- 
counts and to return back again to this Port unmolested — 
Thomas Hill Chairm" Committee 
Frenchman's Bay 17''^ Dec" 1781 

To all Masters of American Privateers and Letters of 
Mark, 
Copy Examin*^ by J Bowman Cler. 

Permission Granted to Philip Ilodghins. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts Port of Xewbury Port 

These certify all whom it doth concern that Philip Hodg- 
kins Master of the Boat Sally, burthen ten Tons, or there- 
abouts, navigated with two Men mounted with no Guns, 
bound for Frenchman's bay has Permission to depart from 
this Port, with the following Articles — viz 

Fifty Bushels of Corn four Barrels of Rum four barrels of 
Sugar — two bb' & half of Molasses Two barrels of Cyder — 



454 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

one dead hog, eighty w* of Coffee some small stores. 

To be landed at Frenchman's Bay he having given Bond 
for the due performance thereof. 

Given under my hand & seal of Office at Newbury Port 
aforesaid the Eighth day of Decembe* A. D. 1781 
M Hodge N^. Officer 
A true Copy from the Original 

Attest M Hodge 

Copy Exam'd by Jon'^ Bowman Cler 

We assess for the Plaintiff two hundred Pounds Damages 

Daniel Savage foreman 
Copy Exam'' J Bowman Cler. 

Sureties Furnished. 

Lincoln ss. Memorandum 

That on the eleventh Day of June Anno Domini 1783, 
before the Justices of the Court of common pleas within the 
County of Lincoln, personally appeared William Lithgow 
Jun'" of Georgetown in said County Esq. Roland Cushing 
& Timothy Langdon both of Pownalborough in said County 
and acknowledged themselves to be personally indebted unto 
Philip Hodgkins of Frenchman's Bay in said County, Mari- 
ner in the respective Sums following viz. the said William 
Principal in the sum of ten Pounds and the said Roland & 
Timothy as Sureties in the Sum of five Pounds each to be 
levied upon their several Goods or Chattels Lands or Tene- 
ments and in want thereof upon their Bodies to the use of 
the said Philip if Default be made in the Performance of 
the Condition here under written — 

The Condition of this Recognizance is Such that if John 
Curtis of Falmouth in the County of Cumberland Mariner, 
& Robert Askins of Bristol in the County of Lincoln Yeoman 
shall & do prosecute an Appeal from a Judgment given 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 455 

against them in tlic Court of common pleas held at Powual- 
borough within & for the County of Lincoln on the first 
Tuesday of June inst for the Sum of Two luindred Pounds 
Damages & Costs of Suit, at the next Supreme Judicial 
Court to he liolden at Falmouth in the County of Cumber- 
land & for the Counties of Cumberland & Lincoln on the 
Tuesday next after the fourth Tuesday of June inst. with 
Effect — Then this Recognizance to be void, other wise to 
remain in full force Att J Bowman Cler. 

Daposition of John Tilley. 

I John Tille}^ of the Town of Boston Inholder of Lawful 
Age Do Testify and Declare that Being l*"' Lieut of the 
arm'd Sloop Lively Commanded by John Augusta Dunn, on 
the 1^^ Day of January In the year 1782 — we fell In with 
an Arm'd Schooner Commanded by Cap. John Curtis Being 
then at Passamaquodcly In the Bay of fundy Said Curtis 
Inform'd us a Certain Llodgkins he had taken Bound to S' 
John In a Small Vessell with W. India Goods for the 
Brittish and Likewise passingers for that Place — and that 
Hodgskins had sett his passengers on Shore and Run Back 
with his Vessell to Mount Desert — Contrary to the Rules 
and Laws of Xations — and that the s"" Curtis was Deter- 
mined to Call on him at Mount Desert on his Return — we 
then In Company Proceeded homewards towards Boston — 
and on the 9'*^ Day of Jan""^ In the year 1782 arriv^ at Mount 
Desert where Cap' Curtis Sent his officers & me In the Boat 
to Hodgskins Place of Residence In Order to take what he 
had Captured together with s** Hodgskins & Bring him to 
Boston — Not finding him we took from the Vessell as fol- 
lows— 3 B'^ N. E. Rum=2 B'^ Brown Sugar 2 Sides of 
Upper Leather — 20 "^ Coffee=& 12 '" Tobacco and ]hV on 
Board and Made use of Said Articles, or Such a Proportion 



456 DOCUMENTARY HISTOET 

of them as the Vessell's had then Need of=I Solemnly De- 
clare that was the whole of the Articles tal^en from s*^ Hodgs- 
kins — Cap* John Prebble of Passamaquoddy Parold the s*^ 
Passengers after Hodgskins — his People had left them on 
Shore — the Particulars of which T Refnr to Cap* Prehles 
Deposition — and further Saith Not 

The Dates are as Near as I can Recollect 

John Tilley 

Boston May 28*'' 1784 — 

Suffolk Ss. 

Boston May 29*'^ 1Y84. 

The above named John Tilley personally appearing and 
being carefully examin'd & cautioned to testify the whole 
truth, made solemn oath to the truth of the Forewritten 
deposition by him subscribed, taken at the request of John 
Curtis, to be used in an Action of trespass, to be heard & 
tried at the Supreme judicial Court, next to be held at Fal- 
mouth for the County of Cumberland & Lincoln, wherein 
said Curtis is Appellant and Phillip Hotchkiss is Appellee 
— The Deponent being bound to Sea is the cause of taking 
this Deposition, & the adverse party living more than twenty 
miles from the place of Caption, was not notified nor present 

at the taking thereof. 

Before me, 

Edm. Quincy J^ pacis. 

June Term at Falmouth 1784 

Opened in Court— A** Jn° Tucker Cle"- 

Deposition of WilV'^ Lithgow Jurf. 

This may certify that Cap* John Curtis employed me to 
take care of a cause in which himself and another Person 
were Defendents and one Philip Ilodskins was Pit. — this 
was an Action of Trespass for breaking and entering the 
Plt^ house and taking his property — that the said Curtis 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 457 

being then in the State Service and ol)liged to go to sea I got 
the cause continued one term — That at the next term I 
suffered the Deft^ to he defaulted, which was occasioned by 
my not hearing from the said Curtis after the cause was 
continued as aforesaid ; this circumstance happened as I 
afterwards understood from M"" Frothingham of Falmouth 
l)y the miscarriage of a Letter which the said Curtis wrote 
to me upon the subject of the suit aforesaid and which I 
verily believe was in fact the case — That finding the Jury 
had given the enormous Sum of £200 — damages and Costs 
of Suit I thought it my duty to appeal the cause to the 
supreme Court though by the default the facts alledged in the 
Pit'' declaration were confessed and though it was doubtful 
whether the Deft^ from the same circumstance could have 
any day in the supreme Court to attempt even a mitigation 
of damages — That the said Curtis upon his return from sea 
expressed great concern at what had happened by the mis- 
carriage of his Letter, and came prepared to do the best that 
might be done at the supreme Court under the Circum- 
stances abovementioned — that the said Curtis asked his 
Council who were ^V King and myself whether it would be 
worth while for him to attend Court himself as he was then 
bound to Boston in a Vessell which was ready to sail, and 
was informed that he would not be wanted at Court, upon 
which information he went off and unfortunately carried 
with him the Copy of the case so that the cause was again 

defaulted — 

Will"' Lithgow Jun"" 

Deposition of John Augusta Dunn. 

I John Augusta Dunn of the Town of Boston Mariner of 
Lawfull Age Do Testify and Declare that on the '^^ Day of 
January, In the year 1782 Being then Commander of the 
Armed Sloop Lively — we fell In with an Arm'd Schooner 



458 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Comm"* By Cap* Curtis Being then at Pasemaquoddy In the 
Bay of fnndy on a Cruize Against the Enemy's of the Unifed 
States — S*^ Curtis Inform'' us he had taken a Certain Hodgs- 
kins In a Small Vessell Bound to S' Johns who had Pas- 
sengers on Board Bound to S' John^ t^at he had Sett his 
passengers on Shore and Run Back to Mount Desert with his 
Vessell Contrary to the Law of Nations and that he was De- 
termined to Call on him on his Going home and Carry him 
to Boston he having on Board W I Goods &c for the Enemy 
— We then Proceeded toward's Boston and on the 9'^^ Day 
of Jan''^ In the Year 1782 Arrived at jMount Desert where 
Cap* Curtis Sent his Officers on Shore in his Boat to Bring 
Hodgskins on Board with the Articles Before Captur*^ and 
Carry him to Boston Not finding him they Bro* on Board 
of Cap* Curtis's Schooner as follows 3 B' New Eng- 
land Rum==^2 B' Brown Sugar=2 Sides upper Leather 
= About 20 '" Coifee=and about 12 ^ Tobacco — a part of 
which was }Iade use of on the Board the Vessell — which 
was then In Great want of I Solemnly Declare these were 
all the Articles Bro* on Board of Cap* Curtis's Vessell to my 
Knowledge. Cap* John Preble of Passamaquoddy Parol'd 
Said Prisoners after Hodgskins or his People Sett them on 
Shore — the Particulars of their Information Concurning 
Hodgskins I Refer to Cap* Prebles own Deposition and fur- 
ther Saith Not — The Dates as Near as I Can Recollect 

Jn° Aug^ Dunn 
Boston May 28*MY84 — 

Suffolk Ss. Boston May 28*'' 1784. 

The above named Jn° Aug*'' Dunn personally appearing, & 
being carefully examined & cautioned to testify the whole 
truth, made solemn oath to the truth of the Forewritten 
Deposition by him subscribed, taken at the request of Cap* 
John Curtis; to be used in an Action of Trespass, to be 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 459 

beard & tried at the supreme jiulioial Court, next to he held 
at Falmouth for y^ County of Cumherland & Lincoln : where- 
in s^ John Curtis is Appellant & Phillip Hotchkiss is ap- 
pellee — The Deponent being bound to sea is the Cause of 
taking this deposition ; and the Adverse party living more 
than twenty miles from y*" place of Caption, was not notified, 
nor present at the taking thereof — 

Before me, 

Edm. Quincy J^ pacis. 

Deposition of WiUiatn Downe. 

I William Downe of Boston, in the County of Suffolk 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Mariner, do hereby Testify 
& declare — that I was Master of the Schooner Privateer 
Eeprizal whereof John Curtis was Commander that on the 
Twenty Eigth day of December: 1781 — being at an Anchor 
at a Place called the ISTarrows near Passamaquody we saw a 
small schooner under sail standing toward us, to the East- 
"•ard — it being light winds & the tide almost spent Cap^ 
Curtis orderd me, to take the Boat & a Crew & go on board 
said Schooner & see who they were — I took the Boat & pro- 
ceeded on board, & upon enquiry, was told they were from 
Frenchman's Bay & was commanded by one Hotchkiss, or 
some such name — & produced a certificate from a number of 
Persons living at said Place, calling themselves, Selectmen, 
or, Committee of Correspondence or some such office, per- 
mitting him the said Master to go to Passamaquody to trade 
— The Master of the Schooner seem'd very much confus'd 
& upon my asking him, if those persons who signd his Pass, 
were not some who had taken the Oath of Allegiance to the 
King of Great Britain & had Acknowledged themselves to be 
his Subjects ; he seem'd very much at a loss & said he could 
not tell, tho it was well known they had — as the Tide made 



460 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

out, it was impossible for us to get the Schooner to wher the 
Privateer lay, I order'd him to come to Anchor & when the 
Tide made to get under way & anchor alongside the Privateer 
for further Inspection, telling him that if he were bound no 
further than Passamaquody, & could make it appear, iSFoth- 
ing would be done to him or his Vessell — I then went on 
board and Acquainted Cap' Curtis, & receiv'd his orders to go 
back, & bring the Schooner alongside, when just as I was 
pushing of from alongside the Privateer, we observ'd the 
Schooner to bear away before the Wind & stand to the west- 
ward, I then row'd after them but was not able to overtake 
them the Xext day we got under v/ay with the Privateer 
& went to the Eastward, as far as Campo Bello Island, where 
we Anchor'd, & Cap* Curtis & myself went on Shore to jVP 
Currie's, when I went into the house I saw some men sitting 
by the fire, which I thought look'd like some of the men that 
I saw on board of the little Schooner, upon which I told Cap' 
Curtis, & upon Interrogating them they said they were on 
board — I asked them where they belonged, they told me to 
the River S' Johns one of them was call'd Kimball & the 
other Cobin I asked them, where they came from & where 
the schooner was bound, & where they left the said Schooner, 
in Answer to these & some other Questions asked them, they 
said, that ]\P Ilotchkiss had been down to the River S' Johns, 
trading — (tho' it was an Enemys Country, & contrary to the 
law of the Country) & that for a Certain Quantity of Beaver 
the said Ilotchkiss or Hodgkins (the Master of the Schooner) 
agreed to Carry them to Newbury Port in Mass^ Govern- 
ment, & bring them back to the River S' Johns, that they had 
been at Newbury & other Parts of the Country in a Private 
manner without permission from the legislature & were then 
upon there Return to S' Johns in said Schooner when I went 
on board of her — that after I went from the Schooner to go 
on board the Privateer Hodgkins told them, that if they 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 461 

stay'd, till I returii'd with the Boat, the Schooner would be 
Captur'd, for all Yessells were lawfull Prize that were 
trading down there, & that Ilodgkins put them on shore & 
they came to M"" Currier & where he was gone Avith the 
Schooner they conld not tell, })ut that they were certain that 
he would be back as he promis'd & carry them to the River 
S' Johns agreeable to their Agreement — We, by Cap* 
Curtis's Order carried them on board the Privateer as 
Prisoners & soon after at the request of Capt Prebble, & M"" 
Currie, who were both, present at the time of their making 
the aforesaid declarations, Cap Curtis, gave them a Parole, 
which was deliverd to Cap*^ Prebble he being a States Officer 
in that Department — some days after, being in Company 
with Cap' John Augustus Dunn, of the lively Privateer Sloop 
from Salem, we were returning to the Westward & put into 
Frenchmans Bay — we heard there that the same schooner 
was there, & that the same cargo was still on board & that 
M"" Hodgkins was going upon his Voyage as soon as he 
thought we were gone to the Westward, upon which Cap' 
Curtis & Cap' Dunn agreed to man both their Boats & go 
up & seize her, but as our boat was large & capable of carry- 
ing twenty men, a party from both Yessells, went up in our 
boat to the Place where the schooner was supposd to lay — 
went to Mr Hodgkins, house & enquired for him but he was 
not at home, after staying some little time, without any dis- 
turbance or Molestation v'e went to the Place where the 
Schooner was and, Avhen we went on board she was so fast 
in the Ice that we could not get her out, we then took some 
goods out her & sent on board the Privateer the goods taken 
out were as follows — Three barrells of ^ew England Rum 
— about one hundred Gallons in the Whole, two barrells of 
sugar, a small bag of Coifee about twenty or thirty pound ; 
a bag of ab' Twenty pounds tobacco, one side sole leather, 
one Calf skin tannd & Curried — a small bowl or some such 



462 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

matter ; which was the whole that I saw on hoard except two 
harrells ]\[olasses, which we did not take away, these things 
were afterwards divided as follows — Capt Dunn had one 
barrell Kum one barrel! Sugar, some of the Coffee & Tobacco 
— the remainder — two harrells Eum, one barrell Sugar 
Coifee & Tobacco & leather &c — we kept on board our 
Privateer — during the seizure I did not observe the least 
Insult or Molestation offered to any person by our party — 
When we went ashore to M"" Hodgkins house, I was the 
first that went to the door, and upon knocking some person 
came & opend the Door & desird Us to walk in & accordingly 
we did & behaved wdiile we were in the house with the utmost 
civility & we were treated the same — 

William Downe, 



Suffolk Ss Boston May 28'^ 1784 

The above nai led William Downe, personally appearing, 
& being carefully examined & cautioned to testify the whole 
truth, made solemn oath to the truth of forewritten deposi- 
tion by him subscribed; taken at the recpiest of Cap' John 
Curtis, to be us'd in an Action of trespass, to be heard & 
tried at the Supreme judicial Court, next to be held at Fal- 
mouth, For the County of Cumberland & Lincoln: wherein 
said John Curtis is Appellant & Philip Hotchkiss is Ap- 
pellee: The Deponent being bound to Sea, is the Cause of 
taking this deposition, & the adverse party living more than 
twenty miles from the place of Caption, was not notified, nor 
present at the taking thereof 

Before me 

Edm: Quincy J^ pacis 
June Term at Falmouth 1784 — 

Opened in Court 

Att* Jn° Tucker Cler 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 463 

Order of Notice on Petition of John Curtis of Falmouth. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts \ 

In the house of Representatives March 11*'* 1785 
Whereas, it is represented to this Court, by the Petition 
of John Curtis of Falmouth, in the County of Cumberland, 
praying for a rehearing in a certain Action of Trespass, lately 
depending against him in the supreme judicial Court, where- 
in the said Curtis and one Robert Aikins were Defendants 
and one Philip Hodgkins of Frenchmans Bay in the County 
of Lincoln was Appellant ; that at a session of the said 
supreme Court holden at Falm° within and for the Counties 
of Cumberland & Lincoln on the Tuesday next following 
the fourth Tuesday of June 1784 — the said Curtis & Ackins 
were defaulted in the same Action, as they previously had 
been at a Court of Common Pleas holden in the County of 
Lincoln, on the first tuesday of June 1782 and whereas it 
appears to this Court, by the testimonials accompanying the 
said Petition, and other evidence that the facts stated in the 
said Petition are probably true, therefore ordered that the 
prayer of the Petitioner be so far granted as that he notify 
the said Philip Hodskins the adverse Party to appear, if 
he see fit, on the second Wednesday of the first session of the 
next General Court, and shew cause, if he hath any, why 
the prayer of the said Petition should not be granted by 
leaving an Attested Copy of the said Petition, and this Order 
thereon, at the dwelling House, or last usual place of abode 
of the said Hodskins, twenty days at least before the said 
second Wednesday of the first session of the next General 
Court — 

Sent up for concurrence — 

Sam A Otis 
In Senate March 16''' 1785 

Read and Concurred 

S Adams Presid' 



464 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petition of Inhabitants of Topsham. '■ 

State of the Massachusetts Bay 

IS^qV f XT'" 1784 

To the Honorable Senate and Honorable House of Repre- 
sentatives in General Court Assembled — 

The petition of some of the Inhabitants of Topsham most 
humbly sheweth that Bodingham was incorporated before 
Topsham By reason of which Topsham is very narrow and 
whereas there is a number of small Islands In Andrew 
Cogen River and all owned by your Petitioners except eight 
acres that are owned In Bromswick and the above said Is- 
lands were in Bromswick Corporation and your petitioners 
paid their Tax to Bromswick but Topsham demanded a Tax 
of Bromswick for a Saw Mill which Bromswick refused to 
pay which gave Occasion to Some of your petitioners to look 
into the Law and finding that the Islands were in the County 
of Lincoln Your petitioners refused to pay their Tax to 
Bromswick Juding that Bromswick Cou'd not have the right 
of Taxation over the County line which was the Occasion of 
some Difiiculty to some of your Petitioners for Bromswick 
proceeded so far as to make distress 

Lincoln County has labor'd under difficulty For they were 
Tax'd to the building of Cumberland Goal, and then struck 
off and had their own to Build and now at this very day Lin- 
coln is under Difficulty by reason of their not having a 
superior Court which carries their money out of the County 
and likewise encreases the traveling fees of Jurors there- 
fore your petitioners pray your Honors if you see fit in 
your wisdom to annex the Aforesaid Islands to Topsham 
which will very Much Oblidge Your petitioners and your 
petitioners as in duty bound shall ever pray but if your 
Honors shou'd Judge it Best for the good of the state 
to give the right of Taxation to Bromswick your petitioners 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 465 

praj the Coimty line may l^e alterd that there may be no 
Cause of dispute in the Common Law and your petitioners 
as al)0ve Sliall ever pray tlie iiunil)cr of Acres in the afore- 
said Islands are about lliuidred and ten or fifteen Acres 
at the Most 

Tho^ Willson, James Willson, Arthur Hunter Selectmen 
James Muslaid Steal Fosteal, Rob* Hunter, James Hunter 

N"ov' 17Y8 

Mess""^ William Stanwood John Dunlap & Nath Larrabce 
Select men of Brunswick Notified John Merrill Esq"" Mess^ 
James Potter & James Fulton Select men of topsham to meet 
to Renew the bounds of said towns they all met and all agreed 
that all the Islands below y® falP Should be taxd in Bruns- 
wick and the Islands above the falP Should be tax^ in tops- 
ham that y® milP on Brunswick Side should bo taxd in 
Brunswick and the milP on topsham side Should be taxd in 
topsham and that the main Channell Should be the Line 

Between the two towns 

ISTath Larrabee, John Bunlap, 

Then Select Men of Brunswick. 

At a Legal town meeting held in Brunswick on Thursday 
the 2G. Day of May 1785 the town made Choice of M^ Will"" 
Owen as their agent to answer a petition of the tov/n of tops- 
ham, at the Great and General Court to be held in J'oston 
on the Last Wednesday of Said May — 

Nath Larrabee town Clerk. 

To the Hon' Senate, and to the Hon' House of Representa- 
tives In General Court Assembled the 7"' day of June 
1785 — 
The Memorial of The Inhabitants of the Town of Bruns- 
wick in the County of Cumberland — 
Humbly Sheweth — 

31 



466 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

That your Memorialists Was Notified to make Answer To 
A Petition of the Inhabitants of the Town of Topsham In 
the Connty of Lincoln — 

That In Answer Your IMemorialists, Would Set forth that 
the Petitioners of Topsham Agreed That the Islands Men- 
tioned in Their petition did belong to Brunswick Also say 
that They Taxed A Saw Mill which Brunswick Refused to 
pay but do not point out where that Mill Stands. — 

Your Memorialists would Inform Your Hon""^ That said 
Mill stands on Brunswick Shoar, Within A Cove On the 
Falls Adjojning A Rock On Said Falls Which they had no 
Right to Tax. — 

That the Select Men of Each Town In Nov-" 1778 Met by 
Agreement, To Renew the Bounds, And agreed that all the 
Islands Below The Falls Shoidd be Tax'd in Brunswick 
& the Islands Above The Falls Should be Tax'd in Tops- 
ham & That the Mills on Brunswick Side Should be 
Taxed In Brunswick and the Mills On Topsham Side Should 
be Tax'd in Topsham And That The Main Channel Should 
be the Line Between The two Towns as we are Ready to 
make Appear — 

As to their paying part in Building Cumberland Goal 
Could not be for Said Goal was built after the Division of the 
County's 

Your Memorialists Thinks That Topsham has not right to 
the Westward of the Channel of The River Which was The 
dividing Line. x\nd Your Memorialists Prays that said 
petition May be dismis'd or determind, as Your Honors in 
Your Wisdom Shall See meet — 

And Your Memorialists as in Duty bound Shall Ever 
Pray &c William Owen [ Agent for Brunswick. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives february IG'*" 1785 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 467 

On the Petition of a Number of the Inhabitants of the 
town of topsham praying that the Islands mentioned in their 
petition miglit ])e annexed to the town of Topsham — 

therefore ordered that the prajer of the petitioners be so 
far Granted that the Petitioners sarve the town of Bruns- 
wick with an attested Coppy of their petition and this order 
twenty days before the second Wednesday of the Next sitting 
of the General (Vnirt that they appear on the said day and 
shew Cause (if any they have) why the prayer of the peti- 
tion should not be Granted 

Sent up for concurrence 

Sam A Otis Spk"- 

In Senate March 18, 1785 

Read & concurred — 

S. Adams Presid*^ 



INDEX 



Abbot, Aaron, 272. 
Isaac, 273, 333. 
Moses, 17. 
Reuben, 17. 

Acadians, the, 29. 

Ackins, see Askins. 

Adams, Benjamin, 154. 
Joel, 41. 
John, 279. 

S., 7, 8, 9, 10, 13, 15, 16, 18, 
30, 32, 37, 43, 45, 47, 49, 50, 
51, 53, 55, 56, 83, 89, 90, 91, 
92, 94, 96, 97, 100, 101, 102, 
109, 110, 112, 113, 114, 123, 
129, 130, 133, 135, 145, 152, 
162, 165, 168, 170, 171, 172, 
176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 183, 
185, 186, 187, 193, 194, 195, 
197, 198, 201, 202, 203, 213, 
231, 233, 247, 250, 251, 275, 
303, 304, 307, 311, 312, 313, 
315, 318, 319, 322, 345, 349, 
356, 357, 369, 371, 372, 373, 
383, 394, 395, 396, 404, 413, 
426, 427, 431, 433, 463, 467. 
Samuel, 189, 405. 

Aikins, see Askins. 

Albee, Lieut. William, 74, 95, 
113, 114, 220, 320. 

Alden, Humphrey, 429. 

Allan, Col. John, 8, 25, 26, 27, 
28, 30, 53, 54, 73, 74, 75, 76, 
79, 83, 96, 99, 101, 111, 133, 
134, 210, 217, 218, 219, 220, 
221, 222, 351, 353, 364, 374, 
375, 396. 

Allen, Dr. Benjamin, 343, 344. 
Wright. 272. 

Alley, John, 117. 

AUin, Henry, 344. 

American Atlas, the, 432. 

States, the, 71: see also United 
States. 

Ames, Moses, 42, 108, 272. 

Ammascoggin, see Androscoggin. 

Ammidown, Caleb, 178. 

Amoriscoggin, see Androscoggin. 

Amory, John, 357. 

Anderson, Edward, 191, 362. 



Androscoggin, 
Ammascoggin, \ 20. 
Amoriscoggin, 
Indians, 20, 30.' 
River, 25, 42, 107, 248, 318, 

332, 342. 394, 395. 
River Islands, 464, 465, 466, 
467. 
Apthorp, Charles Ward, 92. 
Archer, Jno., 362. 
Armstrong, John, 230. 
Arundel, 131, 137, 138, 172, 173, 

174, 176, 177, 211, 252. 
Ash, Robert, 305. 

Thomas, 17. 
Ashton, Jacob, 98. 
Askins, 1 Robert, 441. 442. 443, 
Ackins, \ 444,447,449,450,451, 
Aikins, J 453,454,463. 
Atlas, the American, 432. 
Augustine, Michael. 77. 
Avery, James, 52, 95, 96, 113, 114, 
135, 136. 304, 337, 343, 344. 
John, 28, 35, 36, 52, 58, 62, 72, 
87, 99, 111. 127, 137, 145. 160, 
198, 199, 227, 280, 281, 282, 
283, 284, 285, 286, 287, 288, 
289, 290, 291, 297. 298, 299, 
304, 308, 309, 409. 
John, Jr., 130, 342, 343, 357. 
Thomas, 412. 

Ayer. , mariner, 136, 137. 

Elijah, 136, 137. 



B 



Babcock, Aaron, 27, 28. 

Adam, 160. 

Bacon, Mr. , 247, 413. 

Bacon, Timothy, 83. 93. 

Capt. William, 178. 
Bageduce, see Megabigwaduce. 
Bagley, John, 362. 
Baker. Samuel, 121. 122, 143, 154. 

William. Jr., 353. 395. 
Bakerstown. 140, 342, 394, 395. 
Bakman, John, 253. 

Ballard, Mr. , 413. 

Baltimore, 292. 

Bane, John, 17, 18, 210, 211, 234. 
251, 336. 



470 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Barker, John, 273. 

Barnard, Joseph, 15, 362. 

Barnes, Silas, 434. 

Barnstable County, 178, 412, 415. 

Barracks, sec under Forts and 
Garrisons. 

Barrel!, Joseph, 286, 287. 

Barrett, Mr. , 89. 

Barron, Silas, 434. 

Bartin, , 448. 

Bartlett, Enoch, 231. 

Basset, Mr. , 413. 

Batcheldor, Samuel, 299. 

Bateman, John, 253. 

Bath, 265, 358, 377, 413. 

Bathiaume, ) 

Baththevon, ] see Berthiaume. 

Bay of Fundy, 458. 

Bayley, Benjamin, 200, 216, 442. 

Beal, Dominicus, 332. 
Edward, 332. 

Bean, Daniel, 25. 
George, 272. 
John, 343. 

Jonathan, 25, 216, 217. 
Jonathan, Jr., 25. 
Josiah, 25. 

Beauchamp and Leverett Patent 
the, 354. 

Beaver Hill Pond, 131. 

Belfast, 314. 

Berkshire County, 178, 179, 412, 
415. 

Bernard, Gov. Sir Francis, 436. 

Berthiaume, ] Juniper, 11, 46, 

Barthiaume, j- 47, 67, 71, 81, 82, 

Baththevon, J 111,112,231,232, 
233,384,385. 

Berwick, 184, 185, 271. 

Biddeford, 131, 272. 

Biter, Peter, 224. 

Black, Edward, 331. 
Josiah, 331. 

Blake, Edward, 390. 

Bliss, John, 100, 101, 113. 

Blue Hill, 338. 

Bogs, William, 47. 

Bohanon, John, 221. 

Boothbay, 13, 59, 116, 117, 148, 
149, 152, 263, 264. 

Boothby, Joseph, 103. 

Boston, 1, 3, 5, 11, 19, 27, 29, 30, 
35, 36, 38, 40, 44, 46, 47, 49, 
52, 56, 57, 62, 64, 65, 67, 72, 
77, 79, 81, 87, 94, 95. 97, 98, 
109, 111, 117, 127, 129, 135, 
146, 160, 166, 17t, 175, 190, 
191, 212, 218, 220, 222, 224, 
231, 232, 252, 255, 257, 258, 
261, 266, 267, 274, 280, 281, 



Boston, cuiitiniieiL 

282, 283, 284, 285, 286, 287, 

288, 289, 290, 296, 297, 298, 

."«<». 302, 305, 306, 307, 309, 

330, 335, 344, 353, 364, 367, 

378, 382, 383, 384, 385, 390, 

402, 404, 405, 408, 410, 430, 

435, 436, 440, 455, 456, 457, 

458, 459, 462, 467. 

Board of War, ) 27, 28, 35, 36, 

War Office, ] 51,52,57,62, 

72, 87, 98, 111, 127, 160, 164, 

266, 280, 281, 282, 283, 284, 

285, 286, 287, 288, 289, 290, 

297, 298, 299, 307, 309. 

Castle Island, 335. 

Council Chamber, 172, 213, 376, 

377, 386, 406, 419. 
Goal, 49, 50. 
Harbor, 63, 266, 364. 
Independent Chronicle, the, 

190, 191, 197, 432. 
Newspapers, 306, 321, 387. 
Port of, 136, 137. 
State House, 367. 
Bosworth, Nathaniel, 56, 57. 
Boundary, the Eastern, 433. 

Bowdoin, Esquire, 269. 

James, 117, 121, 128. 
James, Jr., 117, 121. 
Bowdoinham, 120, 128, 129, 268, 

269, 270, 413. 
Bowen, Ezra, 41. 
Bowker, David, 191. 
Bowman, J., 442, 443, 445, 447, 
450, 452, 453, 454, 455. 
Jonathan, 80, 105,*110, 149, 186, 
442, 447, 450, 454. 
Boyd, John, 265. 
Joseph, 372. 
Samuel, 384. 
Thomas, Jr., 264. 
Boyer, Peter, 372. 
Boynton, Amos, 135, 302. 
Boyse, Vere, 273. 
Bradford, Cornelius, 384. 
Bradley, Abraham, 273. 
Bragdon, Thomas, 3rd, 342, 394. 
Brasdish, David, 362. 
Brattle, Thomas, 357. 

Brazier, Sergeant , 44. 

Brewer, Col. Josiah, 10, 11, 71, 
82, 105, 107, 112, 157, 158, 
256, 257, 261, 273, 274, 275, 
308, 315. 

Brewster, Mr. , 413. 

Briant, see Bryant. 
Bridge, Edmund, ) 

Edward, ] 401, 404. 

Bridges, Joshua, 167, 196. 



IXDEX 



471 



Bridgetown. 41, 42, 55, 108, 332, 

333, 358, 3G5, 372, 373. 
Bristol, 13, 21, 138, 149, 264, 265, 
270, 359, 360, 441, 443, 447, 
450, 453, 454. 

County, 178, 412, 415. 
Britain, .sfe Great Britain. 
British, the, 117,29,77,78,340, 
Britains, the, [351,363,376,390, 
Britons, the, J 391, 396, 405, 432, 

433, 455. 
British Ambassador, the, 296. 

Army, 322, 334. 

Cruisers, 358. 

Fleet, 65, 67, 322. 

Government, 429. 

King, .see Great Britain, King of. 

Ministry, 341. 

Soldiers, 253. 
Broad Bay, ) 
Broad Bayse, j 73, 109. 
Bromswick, sec Brunswick. 
Brooks, Eleazer, 122, 247. 

Brow, Col. , 81, 82. 

Brown, Ebenezer, 390. 
Brown, Henry, 305. 

H. Y., 273. 

Jesse, 429. 

Samuel, 260, 379. 

Capt. Samuel, 59. 

Rev. Thomas, 200, 216. 
Brownfield, 273. 

Brunswick, ) 42, 464, 465, 466, 
Bromswick, 1 467. 

Duke of, 58. 

Falls, 466, 467. 
Brutus, 293, 294. 
Bryant, ) 
Briant, ] John, 74, 221. 

Sam Davis, 74, 221. 
Bucklin, Baruck, 409. 
Burley, Andrew, 84. 
Burnam, Reuben, 365, 366. 
Burrel, John, 429. 
Burton, Benjamin, 324. 
Butler, John, 41. 

Moses, 17. 

Phinehas, 41. 



C 

Cabot, Andrew, 290. 

George, 288. 
Caesar, 293. 
Caldwell, Thomas, 154. 
Callahan, Charles, 92. 
Callender, John, 390. 

Caltron, , 167. 

Camblenson, John, 221. 



Cambridge, 45. 
Camden, ) 

Cambden, ] 13, 371. 408. 
Negunticook Harbor, 408. 
Campbell, Col. Alexander, 234, 
447, 450, 451, 453. 
A. v., 211. 
James, 303. 
Campo Bello Island, 460. 
Canaan, 434, 435. 
Canada, 24, 25, 29, 77, 276. 
Canadian Indians, 20. 
Cape Ann, 38. 
Cape Breton, 77. 
Cape Elizabeth, 11, 13, 42, 43, 

206, 230. 
Cape Sable, 29. 

Cape , 253. 

Capes of Delaware, the, 429. 
Cargill, James, 60. 
Carleton, Sir Guy, 296. 
Carr, Capt. Samuel, 77, 88. 
Carter, David, 84. 
Ezra, 272. 
Joseph, 84. 
Casco Bay, 205. 
Castle Island, -sec under Boston. 

Cattarshall, , 390. 

Chadbourne, Benjamin, 7, 131, 
192, 198, 199, 226. 
Jonathan Chesley, 178. 
Joseph, 197, 199. 
Silas, 429. 
Chadwick, Benjamin, 103. 
Chandler, Nathaniel, 357. 

Peleg, 410, 411. 
Chandler's River, 305, 338. 
Chase, Ephm., 303. 

Mathew, 186. 
Chelsea, 358. 
Child, ) 

Childs, j , of Pittsfield, 152. 

Thomas, 154, 156, 165, 200, 214, 
215, 257, 258. 
Chilmark, 358. 
Choate, Stephen, 373, 413. 
Choissey, -sec DeChoisy. 
Christopher, Joseph, 417. 
Cincinnati, the, 292, 294. 
Clark, Benjamin, 17. 
Jonathan, 25, 42, 333. 
Capt. Samuel, 391, 392. 
Stephen. 17. 
Cobb, Samuel, 146, 147, 183. 
Cobb, Samuel M., 322, 323. 
Cobin, ) Capt. Moses, 129, 452, 
Coburn, ) 460. 
Cobscook, 305. 

River, 389, 390, 432. 
Cochran, Robert, 186. 



472 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Codman, Richard, 208, 209, 210, 
362. 
Richard, Jr., 362. 
Stephen, 362. 

Coffin, Natlianiel, 19. 
Peleg, 413. 

Colburn, Jeremiah, 68. 

Colburn's Town, 153. 

Cole, Isaiah, 409, 410. 

Colerain, 358. 

Coles, John, 430, 431. 

Colmar, 295. 

Comings, Richard, 41. 

Conant, Natlianiel, 85. 

Concord. 89. 

Coney, Hartson, 122, 123, 124. 

Congress, see United States Con- 
gress. 

Connecticut, 266. 

Continental Army, 52, 53, 55, 83, 
87, 88, 91, 93, 94, 99, 115, 116, 
156, 163, 166, 201, 203, 210, 
234, 242, 263, 334, 365, 410, 
423, 424, 426, 427, 428. 
Money, 370, 380. 

Cook, Orchard, 417. 

Cooper, Daniel, 342, 394. 

Cousins, Elisha, 331. 
John. i;31. 

Coxhall, 72, 84, 87, 90, 91, 141, 
142, 143, 216. 

Coxes Head, 75. 

Crabtree, Capt. Agreen, 445, 446, 
447, 449. 

Crafts, Mr. , 413. 

Crane, Col. , 49. 

John, !H90. 

Crisp, "Thomas, 361. 

Cromwell, Oliver, 291. 

Crosby, Nicholas, 363. 

Cross, Daniel Emerson, 273. 
Ralph, Jr., 375. 
Stephen, 375. 

Cumberland, 136, 137. 

County, 19, 24, 41, 42, 51, 55, 
56, 60, 61, 79, 83, 85, 89, 93, 
97, 101, 118, 140, 146, 147, 
154, 155, 156, 158, 165, 170, 
171, 174, 175, 176, 179, 185, 
187, 190, 198, 200, 201, 205, 
207, 208, 209, 210. 214, 215, 
216, 227, 231, 255, 257, 258, 
259, 262, 279, 317, 318, 333, 
334, 335, 341, 342, 349, 350, 
351, 353, 361, 365, 376, 394, 
395, 410, 411, 412, 415, 420, 
426, 429, 439, 441, 443, 444, 
447, 450, 453, 454, 455, 456, 
462, 463, 466. 
Goal, 349, 466, 467. 



Cummings, Thomas, 258. 
Currie, ) 

Currier, ] Mr. , 460, 461. 

Curtis, Ezekiel, 397. 

J )hn, 439, 441, 442, 443, 444, 
447, 449, 450, 451, 452, 453, 
454, 455, 456, 457, 458, 459, 
460, 461, 462, 463. 

Capt. Nathan, 167. 
Cushing, I 
Cushion, 5 Caleb, 149. 

Charles, 61. 

Brig. Gen. Charles, 168, 169, 
371, 372. 

John, 394. 

Roland, 454. 

Thomas, 419. 
Cutler, Timothy, 80, 209. 
Cutting, John, 342. 
Cutts. , 271. 



D 



Dalton, Francis, 17. 

Peter Roe, 27, 35, 36, 52, 57, 
62 72, 87, 98, 111, 127, 160, 
280, 281, 282, 283, 284, 285, 
286, 287, 288, 289, 290, 297, 
298 299, 307, 309. 
Tristram, 152, 162, 164, 165, 
168, 170, 171, 172, 176, 177, 
178, 179, 180, 183, 185, 186, 
187, 189, 191, 193, 194, 195, 
197, 198, 202, 233, 247, 250, 
251, 255, 275, 278, 286, 303, 
304, 307, 311, 312, 313, 314, 
315, 318, 319, 321, 329, 369, 
372, 373, 374, 404, 427. 
Damariscotta River, 263. 
Damon, David, 331. 
Dana, John, 381. 

Dane, Mr. , 413. 

Nathan, 356, 396, 426. 
Danvers, 83. 

Davis, Caleb, 146, 161, 162, 171. 
Daniel, 362, 437. 
Elias, 342. 
Elijah, 429. 
Ezra, 224. 
Phebe, 429. 
Samuel, 332, 381. 

Dawes, Mr. , 413. 

Day, Benjamin, 154. 
Benjamin, Jr., 154. 
Ebenezer, 273. 
John, 154. 
Moses, 273. 
Deake, George, 230. 
Deane, Samuel, 421. 



INDEX 



47; 



De Choisey, ) Maj. Gen. , G3, 

Choissey, j64, 67. 
Decker, Joseph, 417. 
Deer Island, 338. 
Delano, Barzillai, 12. 
Delaware, the Capes of, 429. 
De Lesdernier, Lieut. Louis 

Frederick, 8, 25, 27, 220. 
Deming, John, 372. 

Dench, Capt. , 96. 

Denny, Thomas, 312. 

Derby, Elias Haskell, 281, 282, 

283, 284, 285. 
Detroit, 29. 
Devens, Richard, 10, 11, 56, 74, 

75, 105, 107, 162, 205, 206, 

208, 214, 257, 262. 
Dillaway, John, 327, 328. 
Dingley, Joseph, 361. 
Dodge, Barnabas, 425. 

Paul, 154. 
Dole, Daniel, 60. 
Dollif, John, 273. 

Josiah, 273. 
Donnell, Abraham, 17. 
Douglas, 358. 

Robert, 60, 61, 62. 
Downe, William, 459, 462. 
Downer, Eliphalet, 311. 
Downs, Thomas, 271. 
Doyle, Capt. Jotham, 167. 
Drew, William, 177. 
Dudley's Island, 432. 
Dukes County, 179, 412, 415. 
Dune, Christopher, 429. 
Dunhill, Benj., 174. 
Dunlap, John, 466, 467. 
Dunn, Capt. John Augusta, 455, 

457, 461, 462. 
Dunning, Benjamin, 167, 194. 
Durlis, Elias, 394. 
Duston, Jesse, 25. 

Dwight, , 164. 

Dyer, Bickford, 429. 
Daniel, 224. 
Capt. Henry, 193. 
Micah, 342, 394. 
Dyer's Rangers, 193. 

Eastman, Jeremiah, 142. 

Noar, 273. 

Richard, 272, 333. 
Eddy, Mr. , 304. 

Jonathan, 425. 

Col. Jonathan, 136. 
Edwards, Dr. , 74, 221. 

Stephen, 429. 
Eldridge, Daniel, 429. 



Ellet, ) 

Eliot, j Andrew, 342, 394. 

Elwell, William, 303. 

Emerson, Daniel, 273. 

Emery, Joseph, 273. 

England, 29. 

English, the, 77; 

fice also under British, the. 
Engserll, Jonathan, 74. 
Erecherbucts, Village of the, 77. 
Essex, Newspapers, 432. 

County, 83, 93, 412, 415. 
Evans, Capt. John, 108. 
Eveleth, Nathaniel, 411. 



Fabyan, Joshua, 164. 
Fairfield, Samuel, 156. 
Fales, David, 326. 

Samuel, 178. 
Falmouth, 19, 42, 43, 44, 60, 61, 
79, 83, 89, 90, 146, 147, 154, 
156, 158, 160, 162, 163, 164, 
168, 171, 174, 175, 187, 198, 
200, 202, 205, 206, 207, 208, 
209, 210, 215, 216, 231, 255, 
257, 262, 263, 302, 309, 342, 
349, 350, 386, 398, 406, 408, 
419, 421, 422, 439, 440, 441, 
443, 444, 456, 457, 462, 463. 
First Parish, 420, 421, 422. 
Goal, 169, 171, 376. 
Harbor, 362. 
King Street, 209, 210. 
Meeting House, 421. 
Middle Street, 209. 
Neck, 214, 262, 309. 
Parsonage Lands, the, 420, 421, 

422. 
Post, to be continued, 14, 15. 
Whipping Post, 61. 
Farington, Daniel, 272. 

John, 273. 
Farnsworth, Jonas, 10, 302. 
Finning, Benjamin, 394. 
Fisk, Daniel, 381. 

John, 296, 297, 298. 
Fhi, John, 49. 
Fisher, Jabez, 212. 
Fitzherbert, Allieune, 58. 
Flagg, Josiah, 221. 
Flagin, Forgus, 103. 

Fleet, Capt. , 266. 

Fling, Coffin. 84. 
Flint, Benjamin, 154. 
Jesse, 154. 
Thomas, 154. 
Fogg, Reuben, 399. 



474 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Forts and Garrisons, 11, 28, 29, 

207. 
Forts at Cape Elizabeth, 44. 

at Castle Island, 335. 

at Falmouth, 207, 262. 

at Lincoln County, 255. 

at Machias, 39, 133, 134, 219, 
341. 

at Magabigwaduce, 69, 150, 
163, 169, 322. 

at New York, 188. 

at Penobscot, 66, 161, 187, 188, 
189, 334. 

at Pownalborough, 120. 

at Rutland, 203. 
Fort Cumberland, 136. 

Halifax, 10, 11, 68, 70, 71, 81, 
82, 105, 112, 261, 273, 274, 
308, 310, 312. 

Fort House, 308, 315. 

Truck House, 106, 274. 

How, 28. 

Western, 120. 

Weston, 11. 
Forrester, Simon, 98. 
Fosdick, James, 362. 

Nathaniel F., 362. 
Fosteal, Steal, 466. 
Foster, Benjamin, 302, 304, 341. 

John, 72, 302. 

Levi, 302. 

Robert, 6. 

Woorden, 302. 
Fox, John, 362. 

Richard, 271. 
Framingham, 358. 
France, 58, 77, 279. 
Frazier, Mr. , 96, 171. 

Thomas, 17. 
Freedman, Enoch, Jr., 362. 
Freeland, John, 31, 32, 33. 

Thomas, 34. 
Freeman, Ebenezer, 230. 

Enoch, 200, 209, 216, 262, 263. 

Joshua, 408. 

Samuel, 14, 15, 148, 156, 171, 
200, 202, 209, 215, 231, 258, 
259, 349, 350, 420. 
French, the, 28, 296. 

Army, the, 274. 

Fleet, the, 63, 65, 66. 

General, the, 274. 

Minister, the, 294, 295. 

Priest, see Berthiaume, Juni- 
per. 
Frenchman's Bay, 17, 18, 210, 
234, 336, 343, 439, 441, 442, 
443, 444, 446, 447, 449, 450, 
451, 452, 453, 454, 459, 463. 
Frenchmen, 295. 



Frost, Brig. Gen. , 108. 

Enoch, 429. 

John, 145. 

William, Jr., 184, 185. 

Frothingham, Mr. , 457. 

John, <22. 
William, 390. 
Frye, Simon, 34, 35, 44, 45, 49, 

50, 114, 115, 122, 186. 
Fryeburg, 19, 20, 34, 35, 41, 42, 
45, 49, 50, 55, 107, 108, 122, 
272, 319, 320, 332, 333. 
Fuller, A., 413, 416. 

Abram, 413. 
FuUerton, Ebenezer, 148, 150, 

151, 254. 
Fulton, James, 466. 
Furman, Briggs, 154. 

G 

Gamage, Daniel, 45. 

Gardner, \ Mr. , treasurer, 

Gardiner, \ 391. 

David, 302, 303. 

David, Jr., 302. 

John, Jr., 289, 298, 299. 

Jonathan, 3rd, 283. 

Sylvester, 92. 

Dr. Sylv^ ,ter, 401, 402. 
Gardinerstown, 1, 3. 
Garish, George, Jr., 394. 

Nathaniel, 394. 

see also Garist. 
Garist, Nat., 394. 
Gascomb, ) 
Gatcomb, j 17,18. 
Gavist, Nat., 342. 
George IIL, 58. 
Georges, sec St. Georges. 
Georgetown, 68, 321, 358, 377, 

412, 454. 
Gerish, George, Jr., 342. 

Nathaniel, 342. 

William, 342, 394. 

see also Garish. 
Germans, the, 21. 
Gile, David, 85. 
Gilpatrick, Thomas, 400, 404. 
Goldthwait, Elizabeth, 435, 436. 

Ezekiel, 435. 

Thomas, 436. 
Goodhue, Benj., 281, 282, 283, 284, 
285. 

Capt. Benj., Jr., 98. 
Goodman, Nath., 370. 
Goodwin, Amos, 342, 394. 

Dominicus, 184, 185, 342, 394. 

Samuel, 400, 401, 402, 403. 

Silas, 342, 394. 



INDEX 



475 



Googin, Thomas, 17. 

Gorham, 83, 93, 358, 398. 

Gorham, Nathaniel, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 
15, 16, 18, 31, 32, 36, 37. 43, 
45, 47, 49, 50, 51, 53, 55, 56, 
83, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 96, 
97, 100, 101, 102, 109, 110, 112, 
113, 114, 120, 123, 129, 130, 
133, 145. 
William, 147, 156, 200, 214. 

Gott, Peter, 331. 

Gould, Benjamin, 430. 

Gouldsborough, 300, 314, 335, 336, 
339, 343, 344. 

Grafton, 358. 

Graling, Josiah, 332. 

Grant, Jasper, 167, 196. 

Graves, Admiral Samuel, 407. 

Gray, 412. 

Great Britain, 58, 59, 120, 229, 
263, 276, 279, 339, 341, 351, 
352. 
the King of, 229, 230, 352, 355, 
376, 423, 459. 

Great Ossipee River, 222. 

Great Sebascodegin, 397. 

Green, 1 

Greene, ) David, 357. 
William, 362. 

Greenfield, 358. 

Greenleaf, Amos, 362. 
Joseph, 362. 
Capt. Moses, 7. 

Greenwich, 358. 

Greenwood, | Miles, 

I Niles, 127. 

Grow, Col. , 89, 100, 172. 

Edward, 4, 114, 115, 196, 357. 
Capt. William, 4, 5, 36, 37, 38. 

Guillermain, , interpreter, 

81. 

Gurney, Elisha, 314. 



H 

Haize, John, 60. 

Haldimand, Gen. Frederick, 29. 

Haley, John, 273. 

Halifax, 29, 77, 159. 

Governor of, 377. 

plan, 432. 
Hall, Dr. , 171. 

Ebenezer, 141, 144. 

Elizabeth, 31, 32, 33. 

Nathan, 32, 33. 

Stephen, 305. 

William, 271. 
Hallowell, 1, 3, 10, 71, 120, 122, 
256, 261, 400. 



Hammond, , 167. 

John, 17. 
Hamon, Daniel, 331. 

John, 331. 
Hamor, John, 450, 451. 
Hampshire County, 177, 412, 415. 
Hancock, 434, 435. 

John, 7, 8, 9, 10, 15, 18, 30, 31, 

32, 37, 43, 45, 47, 49, 50, 51, 

53, 55, 56, 59, 63, 64, 67, 79, 

81, 82, 90, 91, 93, 94, 97, 101, 

102, 109, 110, 112, 113, 114, 

123, 129, 130, 133, 136, 145, 

162, 165, 168, 170, 172, 176, 

177, 178, 179, 180, 183, 185, 

186, 187, 193, 194, 195, 197. 

198, 203, 213, 218, 219, 220, 

221, 233, 250, 251, 307, 322, 

364, 367, 376, 377, 378, 406. 

Ilanscome, Aaron, 302. 

Harding, Stephen, 362. 

Hardison, Nathaniel, 17. 

Stephen, 17, 18. 
Harmon, Benjamin, 143, 144. 
Harmon's Mill Creek, 398. 
Harper, William, 362, 384. 
Harpswell, 97, 98, 118, 119, 121, 
128, 129, 166, 167. 194, 269, 
397. 
Harbor, 166. 
Harris, Samuel, 384. 

William, 411. 
Hart, Elizabeth, 271. 
John, 452. 
Joseph, 271. 
Harvey, James, 84. 
Haslam, George, 332. 
Hastings, John, 413. 
Hatch, Asa, 429. 

Ezekiel, 429. 
Hawes, Matthias, 41. 
Moses, 41. 
Nathaniel, 84. 
Hazard, Ebenezer, 14. 
Heath, Gen. William, 203, 204, 
205. 

Henley, Father . 26. 

Henshaw, Samuel, 177. 
Hersey, ) Nathaniel, 122, 123, 
Hearsay, J 125, 126. 
Hibbert, Joseph, 37, 38. 39. 
Higgins, ) 

Higgens, j Israel, 331. 
Jesse, 331. 
Levi, 331. 

Higglnson, Mr. , 187. 

Stephen, 285. 
Hilbert, Capt. Joseph, 4. 
Hilborn, Robert, 362. 
Hiler, Jacob, 382. 



476 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Hiler, conthnird. 

Simon, 382. 
Hill. Mr. , 49. 

Elisha, Jr., 394. 

Elisha, 3rd, 342. 
Hill, Hugh, 373, 374, 375. 

John, 142, 145, 396. 

Thomas, 343, 453. 
Hilton, John, 402. 
Hine, Richard, 429. 
Hingham, 358. 
Hiscock, John, 154. 

Thomas, 154. 
Hobby, William, 362. 
Hodgdon, Timothy, 137, 138, 176, 

177. 
Hodge, Henry, 72, 417. 

M., 454. 

Robert, 417. 
Hodgkins, ) 
Hodskins, ] Edward, 331. 

Moses, 445, 446. 

Philip, 439, 440, 441, 442, 443, 
444, 445, 446, 447, 448, 449, 
450, 451, 452, 453, 454, 455, 
456, 458, 459, 460, 461, 462, 
463. 

Mrs. Philip, 441, 444, 445, 447. 
Holmes, Luther, 74. 
Homer, Luther, 221. 
Hooper, Mr. , 413. 

Benjamin, 396. 

Capt. Benjamin, 319. 

David, 17. 

Stephen, 375. 
Hopkins, John, 4, 5, 36, 37, 38, 
137. 

William, 332. 
Hopkinton, ) 
Hopkinstown, ] 32, 33, 34. 
Horns, J., 81. 

Hosmer, Mr. , 247, 304, 319, 

413. 
Hovey, John, 211, 212, 252. 
Howard, James, 71, 122, 123, 124, 
125, 126, 400. 
Joshua, 228. 

Capt. Samuel, 11, 52, 106, 257. 

Susanna, 122, 123, 124, 125. 

Col. William, 10, 71, 256, 257, 
261, 262. 
Howardstown, 413. 

Howe, Mr. , 303. 

Hubertstown, 84. 
Hudson, Timothy, 274. 
Huff, Charles, 212, 252. 
Humphreys, David, 154. 

Thomas, 154. 
Hunt, Elijah, 177. 

Ephraim, 60. 



Hunter, Arthur, 465. 

Henry, 265. 

Henter, 140. 

James, 465. 

Jame&, Tr., 465. 

Col. James, 15, 16, 73, 75, 76, 
109. 
Hunter, Maj. James, 161, 189, 
190. 

Robert, 466. 
Huntriss, Pearson, 273, 362. 
Hussey, Lieut. Samuel, 109. 
Hutinge, Simeon, 272. 
Hutchinson, Israel, 83. 

Margaret, 142, 144. 

Gov. Thomas, 141, 142, 144, 
145. 



Ilsley, Enoch, 362, 408. 
Hosea, 362. 
Isaac, 25. 
Independent Chronicle, The, 190, 

191 197 432. 
Indians,' ) 11, 19, 20, 25, 26, 27, 
Savages, ) 28, 30, 42, 49, 54, 68, 
69,70,71,75,77,78,81,82,106, 
107, 111 112, 134, 135, 157, 
158, 171, 172, 180, 218, 219, 
261, 273, 274, 332, 333, 352, 
354, 396. 
Eastern, 54, 69, 71, 81. 
•see also under tribal names. 
Ingersoll, George, 390. 

Jonathan, 221. 
Ingulls, Samuel, 25. 
Ireland, 58, 140. 

Ivers, Thomas, 27, 36, 52, 57, 62, 
72, 87, 98, 111, 127, 160, 197, 
280, 281, 282, 283, 284, 285, 
286, 287, 288, 289, 290, 297, 
298, 299, 307, 309, 372, 398, 
439. 



Jackman, Joseph, 362. 
Jackson, David, 390. 

Col. Henry, 409, 410. 

Thomas, 390. 
Jacques, Benjamin, 119, 120, 121. 
Jefferson, Thomas, 392. 
Jeffries, David, 117, 121. 
Jellson, Benjamin, 332. 

Jenkins, , 448. 

Jepson, Benjamin, 404. 
Jewett, James, 362. 
Jincen, an Indian, 19. 
Johnston, Thomas, 140. 



INDEX 



477 



Johnson, Isaac, 84. 

James, 60. 

John, 17. 

Jonathan, 143, 144. 

Robert, 35. 
Jolly, William, 362. 
Jones, Abraham, 409. 

Ephraim, 208, 209, 210. 

Jabez, 200, 216. 

Col. Nathan, 343. 

Stephen, 135, 302, 341. 

William, 265, 359, 360. 
Jordan, Benjamin, 12. 

Nathaniel, 332. 

Solomon, 332. 
Joy, Benjamin, 332. 

John, 332. 

Samuel, 332. 



K 



^ j57, 68, 



121,312. 



Kennebec, 
Quenebec, 

Company, 120. 

Purchase, the, 2, 128. 

River, 2, 3, 23, 81, 82, 157, 168, 
169, 273, 308, 310, 312, 354, 
358, 399, 434, 435. 
Kennebeck, 39. 
Kennedy, Samuel, 24, 226. 
Kent, John, 362. 
Killgore, Benjamin, 273. 
Kimball, Asa, 452, 460. 

Benjamin, 365, 366. 

David, 84. 

Ezra, 88. 

Richard, 108, 273, 319. 
King, Mrs. , 369, 457. 

Benjamin, 342. 

Rufus, 432. 
Kingsbury, John, 157. 
Kinney, John, 362. 
Knap, Jesse, 365, 366. 
Knight, Nathan, 409. 

Stephen, 273. 



Lacour, ) 

Lecour, j Mr. , 29, 79. 

LaFayette, Marquis de, 248, 405. 
Lake Erie, 29. 
Lambord, Butler, 429. 
Lancaster, Rev. Thomas, 85, 86, 

101, 102, 103. 
Lane, Abenezer, } 
Lane, Ebeuezer, j 410, 411. 

John, 19, 20, 30. 

Thomas, 1, 3, 9. 



Langdon, Jonathan, 417. 
Timothy, 454. 
William, 125, 126. 
Lapell, Asa, 72. 
Larmond, see Lermond. 
Larrabe, Benjamin, 399. 

Nathaniel, 465. 
Learned, Ebenezer, 381. 
Lebanon, 184, 358. 
Lechmore, Richard, 1, 2. 
Lecour, s-rr Lacour. 
Lee, Arthur, 7. 
Daniel, 305. 
John, 92. 
Leicester, 312. 
Leland, Ezra, 331. 
Lermond, ) William, 268, 275, 
Larmond, | 280, 326, 327, 378. 

Lewis, Mr. , 96. 

John, 200, 209, 215, 227, 250, 

349, 413. 
Morgan, 85. 
Lewiston, 436, 437, 438. 
Libbee, 1 

Libbey, I Benjamin, 83. 
Libby, J 

Ebenezer, 103. 
Hannah, 104. 

Joseph, 135, 303, 304, 341. 
Nehemiah, 85, 86, 102, 103. 
Peter, 60. 
Reuben, 305. 
Richard, 104. 
Light House, Boston Harbor, 364. 
Money for York, 397. 
Wanted, 361, 362. 
Lillie, Jonathan, 390. 
Limerick, 412. 

Lincoln, Capt. Amos, 410, 411. 
Benjamin, 426, 427, 428. 
Maj. Gen. Benjamin, 187. 
County, 14, 15, 16, 20, 21, 22, 
32, 40, 47, 48, 51, 60. 61, 79, 
80, 91, 92, 97, 98, 104, 105, 
110, 118, 122, 123, 125, 126, 
138, 146, 148, 149, 152, 163, 
168, 169, 178, 179, 186, 194, 
195, 201, 224, 227, 234, 255, 
264, 268, 270, 278, 300, 302, 
304, 305, 306, 307, 308, 311, 
312, 313, 315, 317, 318, 323, 
324, 327, 335, 343, 345, 346, 
347, 348, 354, 359, 360, 367, 
368, 369, 378, 382, 390, 399, 
400, 401, 404, 412, 415, 517, 
426, 428, 431, 432, 434, 436. 
438, 439, 441, 442, 443, 446, 
447, 449, 450, 451, 452, 453, 
454, 455, 456, 462, 463, 465, 
466. 



478 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Liniken, ) , a mariner, 

Linnekin, j 166, 167. 

John, 13, 14. 
Lithgow, Col. and Maj. William, 
55, 68, 71, 80, 83, 96, 111, 146, 
157, 158, 171, 371, 372, 400, 
442. 

William, Jr., 227, 369, 371, 454, 
456, 457. 
Littel, Henry, 384. 
Little, Capt. , 39, 73, 75, 214. 

Falls, 84, 192, 193, 197, 199, 216, 
217, 412. 

George, 129 

James, 24, 226. 

Moses, 7. 

Ossipee River, 222. 
Livermore, 426. 
Liverpool, 408. 
Lombard, Nathaniel, 429. 
London, 1, 9. 

Court of, the, 432. 

St. James, 59. 
Long Island, 13, 382, 383. 
Longfellow, , 100. 

David, 302. 

Nathan, 135, 302. 

Stephen, 185, 186. 

Stephen, Jr., 93, 94. 
Lord, Benjamin Meade, 319. 
Lord, Isaac, 332. 

Jacob, Jr., 342, 394. 
Lotteries, 272, 273, 319, 320, 321. 
Lovejoy, Abiel, 124, 125. 
Lovell, Mr. , 152. 

Ebenezer, 310. 

Gen. Solomon, 62, 72, 172, 270. 
Lovett, Benjamin, Jr., 287. 

John, 288, 289. 
Low, Capt. John, 72. 

Lowdar, , 54. 

Lowell, A., 362. 

John, 392. 
Lowther, Jonathan, 362. 
Lucas, John, 391. 
Lucy, George, 302. 
Ludwig, Jacob, 20, 21, 98, 228. 
Lunenburg, Duke of, 58. 
Lunt, James, 198, 199, 342, 343. 

James, Jr., 362. 
Luzerne, Chevalier de la, 67, 294, 

296. 
Lynn, 358. 



M 



McArthur, John, 224. 
McCobb, George, 6. 
James, 400. 



McCobb, continued. 
Samuel, 98. 
Col. Samuel, 16, 71, 161, 172, 

189 
William, 13, 14, 148, 152, 254, 
264. 
McCurdy, James, 384. 
McDaniel, Timothy, 399. 

McFarland, Capt. , 410. 

Walter, 33. 
McFording, Thomas, 332. 
McGlathry, 57. 

McGuire, ) Patrick, 148, 150, 
McGuyer, ) 151, 254. 

Thomas, 13, 14, 148, 150, 151, 
254. 
Mclntyre, John, 326, 327. 

William, 265. 
McLellan, Hugh, 186, 362. 
Joseph, 362. 

Capt. Joseph, 79, 80, 168, 170, 
186. 
McNeil, Hector, 429, 430, 431. 
Mcorber, John, 382. 
Machias, 6, 8, 9, 10, 28, 39, 53, 
73, 74, 76, 78, 82, 95, 96, 113, 
114, 133, 135, 136, 218, 219, 

300, 302, 303, 304, 305, 306, 
313, 314, 330, 331, 337, 338, 
339, 340, "41, 343, 344, 345. 
346, 347, 348, 351, 413. 

Block House, 341. 

Company Store, 100, 101. 

Meeting House, 341. 

Port of, 96, 111, 112, 130. 

River, 344. 
Maddocks, Henry, 332. 

Ichabod, 332. 

Joshua, 332. 
Magabigwaduce, 13, 14, 17, 40, 
69, 150, 162, 168, 263, 300, 

301, 308, 322, 338, 408, 409. 
Barracks, etc., 322, 323. 

Maggaeadava River, 432. 

Mail, .s-(T Post. 

Main, Province of, 276, 310, 314, 

315. 
Malcom, Andrew, 382. 
Maps, of New England, 429, 431, 

432. 
Marbois, Francois de Barbe, 292, 

295. 
Marlboro, 358. 
Marquand, Joseph, 280. 
Marshall, David, 25. 
Martial Law proclaimed, 194, 

195. 
Martin, Philip, 17. 
Maryland, 292. 
Mason, David, 390. 



INDEX 



479 



Massabeeseck, 84, 


85, 412. 




Massachusetts, 


Commonwealth 


and 


State of, 


1, 4, 


6, 7, 


8, 9, 


12, 


14, 15, 16 


17, 


18, 20, 21, 


22, 


24, 25, 27 


30, 


31, 32, 34, 


35, 


36, 40, 41 


42, 


43, 44, 45, 


46, 


47, 48, 49 


50, 


51, 52, 55, 


56, 


57, 60, 61 


62, 


67, 69, 70, 


72, 


79, 80, 82 


84, 


85, 87, 88, 


89, 


90, 91, 92 


93, 


94, 95, 96, 


97, 


99, 100, 10 


1, 104, 107 


, 108, 


109 


110, 


111, 


112 


113, 


114, 


115 


116 


117 


122 


127, 


128, 


130 


131, 


132, 


133 


136, 


137, 


140 


141 


142, 


144 


145, 


146, 


147 


148, 


152, 


154 


158 


159, 


160 


161, 


162, 


165 


167, 


168, 


170 


171 


174 


175 


176 


177, 


178 


179 


180 


181 


182 


183, 


184 


185 


187 


188 


189 


190, 


193 


194 


195, 


196 


197 


198, 


199 


200 


201 


204 


205 


206, 


208 


211 


213 


214 


215 


218, 


221, 


222, 


223, 


224 


226 


229, 


232 


234 


247 


248 


250 


251, 


252 


253 


254 


255 


261 


263, 


264 


266 


267 


268 


270 


271, 


272 


273 


274 


275 


276 


277, 


278 


279 


280 


281 


282 


283, 


284 


285 


286 


287 


288 


289, 


290 


297 


298 


299 


300 


302, 


303 


306 


307 


308 


309 


310, 


311 


312 


313 


314 


315 


316, 


317 


318 


319 


320 


323 


324, 


327 


328 


329 


330 


331 


332, 


333 


334 


335 


336 


337 


342, 


343 


344 


346 


347 


348 


349, 


350 


351 


352 


354 


355 


356, 


357 


358 


361 


362 


363 


364, 


365 


366 


367 


369 


370 


371, 


373 


374 


376 


377 


378 


379, 


380 


381 


382 


383 


384 


385, 


386 


388 


390 


391 


392 


393, 


394 


395 


396 


397 


398 


399, 


400 


401 


405 


406 


409 


410, 


412 


, 413 


414 


416 


, 417 


419, 


422 


423 


426 


428 


429 


431, 


432 


433 


434 


435 


, 436 


437, 


438 


, 439 


, 441 


, 453 


, 459 


, 460, 


463 


, 464 


467 








Bay, 


Prov 


ince 


of, 2 


76, 42 


23. 


Mayo, c 


fohn, 


381. 








Josep 


h, 33 


1. 








Simoi 


1, 17^ 


t, 175 








Megray 


, Leu 


luel. 


342, 


394. 




Mellen, 


Hen 


ry, 3 


3. 






Merah, 


Johr 


, 332 








Merril, 


h 










Mirrel, 


Vbiel 


177. 






BenjE 


imin. 


437. 









Merril, ronfiinirtl. 

John, 465. 

Moses, 411. 

Nathaniel, 42, 273. 
Meryman, Thomas, 384. 
Meserve's Island, 103. 
Micmacs, the, 77. 
Moose Island, 432. 
Middlesex County, 31, 32, 178, 

412, 415. 
Mifflin, Thomas, 279. 
Milford, 358. 
Millar, ) 
Miller, j David, 224. 

James, Jr., 224. 

Nickels, 384. 

Robert, 384. 
Milton, 1, 9. 

Minot, Stephen, 408, 409. 
Mirrell, srr Merril. 
Mitchell, Daniel, 36. 
Money, Continental, 370, 380. 
Montreal, 29. 
Moody, Clement, 84. 

Enoch, 362. 

Nathaniel, 362. 
Moose Island, 305. 
Morgen, Benjamin, 429. 
Morrison, Joseph, 332. 
Morss, Jonathan, 362. 
Motley, Thomas, 349, 350, 351, 

362. 
Moulton, Daniel, 39, 144. 
Mount Desert, 229, 329, 331, 336, 
343, 446, 448, 450, 455, 458. 
Mowatt, Capt. Henry, 406, 407. 
Mowen, Bristo, 429. 
Mumicken, the Court of, 295. 
Munson, Joseph, 302. 

Stephen, 302. 
Murphy, Daniel, 362, 442. 
Murray, Samuel, 272. 
Muslald, James, 465. 

N 

Nantucket County, 179, 302, 412, 

415. 
Narraguagus, 343. 
Naskeeg, 338. 
Nason, Sarah, 167, 195, 196. 

Shubal. 167, 195. 
Neal, Edmund. 342, 394. 
Negunticook Harbor, 408. 
Nelson, Jeremiah, 400, 404. 
Neptune, Capt. John, 157, 180. 
Netherlands, the, 29. 

Nevens, Capt. , 99. 

New England, 39. 

Map of, 429, 431, 432. 



480 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



New Gloucester, 410, 411, 412. 
New Hampshire, 272, 276. 
New London, 2G6. 
New Plymouth, Colony of, 128. 
New York City, 65, 67, 159, 188. 

State, 163. 
Newburgh, Headquarters, 63, 64, 

187, 234. 
Newbury, 75, 79. 
Newburyport, 375, 453, 454, 460. 
Newcastle, 22, 24, 224, 225, 226. 
Newport, 144. 
Nichols, \ 
Nickels, \ Alexander, 21, 22, 98. 

Israel, 413. 

TriTTIPS ^S4 

Capt. William, 299, 336, 343, 
344. 
Niles, Jonathan, 74, 221. 
Nonsuch River, 103. 
Norman, John, 430, 431. 
Norridgewalk, 413. 
North, Joseph, 178. 

Col. Joseph, 59, 71, 122, 123, 
125, 126. 
North Yarmouth, 447, 449, 451, 

453. 
Norwood, Joshua, 331. 

Stephen, 331. 
Nova Scotia, 29, 77, 78, 79, 136, 
229, 276, 293, 340, 351, 352, 
452. 
Noyes, David, 362. 
James T., 362. 
Joseph, 160, 408. 
Moses, 362. 
Peter, 83. 
Nutt, David, 409. 
Nutter, Jonathan, 382. 
Nye, David, 392. 
Joseph, 178. 



O 



Oakesman, Capt. Samuel, 105. 
Oakham, 358. 

Capt. Tobias, 257. 
O'Brian, ) 
O'Brien, ] Capt. , 55, 75. 

Morris, 135, 302, 304, 341. 
Ogier, Abraham, 408. 
Oliver, Lieut. Gov. Andres, 142, 
144. 

Mary, 142, 144. 
Orange, 358. 
Orinos, the, 106. 
Osgood, Benjamin, 273. 

James, 273. 

Jonathan, 60. 

Joshua B., 273, 319. 



Ossipee River, 131, 222. 

Otis, Mr. , 55, 392. 

Samuel A., 249, 322, 337, 343, 
345, 350, 354, 356, 383, 389 
395, 396, 405, 413, 418, 420, 
42'^ 429, 431, 433, 435, 438, 
463, 465, 467. 

Otisfiold, 118, 423, 428. 

Owen, William, 466, 467. 

Oxford, 379. 

Oxnard, Martha, 89, 90. 

Thomas, 349, 350, 351, 357, 386. 



Packard, Micah, 382. 
Packets, -see Vessels. 
Page, Robert, 426. 
Paine, Samuel, 411. 

Thomas, 154. 
Palmer, 358. 
Pardee, Aaron, 390. 
Paris, 279, 341. 
Parker, Benjamin, 60, 342. 

Benjamin, Jr., 394. 

James, 273. 

Mary, 230. 

Nathaniel, 429. 
Parr, John, Governor of Nova 

Scoti? 377. 
Parsons, Isaac, 164, 411. 

Josiah, 196. 
Partridge, Elisha, 41. 
Passamaquoddy, 8, 27, 134, 300, 
305, 314, 340, 351, 451, 453, 
455, 456, 458, 460. 

Bay, 352, 353, 432. 

Indians, 76, 77. 

Moose Island, 305. 

Narrows, the, 459. 

River, 29, 432. 
Pattee, | Col. and Maj. Ezekiel, 
Pattie, j67, 68. 70, 157,261,435. 
Patterson, William, 417. 
Peabody, John, 365, 366. 
Pearsontown, 185, 310, 412. 
Peele, Jonathan, 290, 297, 309. 
Peirce, Mr. , 413. 

George, 362. 

John, 314, 315, 390. 
Pejepscot Claims, the, 317, 318, 
319. 

Pemberton, Mr. -, 13. 

Pendleton, Samuel, 382, 383. 
Penobscot, 11, 19, 36, 38, 48, 51, 
54, 65, 89, 90, 98, 129, 137, 
138, 187, 188, 189, 227, 312, 
314, 321, 334, 338, 341, 358, 
363, 364, 371, 424, 436. 

Bay, 129, 259, 382, 390. 



INDEX 



481 



Penobscot Cartel, the, 4, 37, 38. 

Expedition, 27, 35, 36, 51, 52, 
57, G2, 63, 65, 72, 87, 111, 
126, 127, 160, 161, 206, 280, 
281, 282, 283, 284, 285, 286, 
287, 288, 289, 290. 296, 297, 
298, 299, 307, 309, 404. 

Indians, 46, 47, 71, 106, 157, 
171, 180. 231, 232, 233, 384, 
385, 396, 425. 

Port of, 63, 363. 

River, 23, 54, 68. 71, 225, 301, 
302, 306, 308, 310. 311. 312, 
313, 322. 330. 335. 336. 338, 
343, 344, 354, 371, 372, 396, 
425. 
Pepbles, ) 

Pepble, ] Patrick, 48. 280, 410. 
Pepperell. 358. 

Lady Marv, 192, 197. 198, 199. 

Sir William, 2nd. 192, 199. 
192 

Sir William, 2nd., 192, 199. 
Pepperelborough, 272. 358. 
Perkins. William, 390. 
Perley. Enoch. 42. 333. 365. 366. 
Perry. John. 303. 

Lieut. Robert, 38, 39. 
Pettigrow. Benjamin. 303. 
Pettingell, Maj. J.. 49. 
Peusty. Francis. 154. 
Philadelphia, 279, 292. 295. 
Phillips. Mr. , 247, 392. 

Bridget, 131, 192. 

Joseph B., 220. 

Samuel, Jr.. 247. 356. 426. 

William. 131. 192. 
Phillipstown, 131. 
Phinney, Edward, 164. 

James, 362. 
Phips, David. 92. 
Pike, Timothy, 420. 
Pineo, Jonathan, 303. 
Pinkham, Ichabod. 264. 

Capt. Ichabod. 148. 
Piscataqua River, 276. 
Pitts, John, 55, 111. 
Pittsfield, 152. 
Pittstown, ) 

Pittston, \ 120. 125. 413. 
Plaisted. John. 342, 394. 
Pleasant River, 337. 343. 
Plumer, Moses. 362. 
Plymouth County. 178, 412. 415. 
Poland, Benjamin. 362. 
Pollard, Moses. 429. 
Polley. Alpheus. 303. 
Pomeroy. Capt. Richard, 129. 
Ponobscot, sec Penobscot. 
Pool. Abijah, 362. 



Porter. Benjamin, 135. 

Thomas, 93. 94, 95. 
Portsmouth. 14. 15. 
J'ost to be continued, 14, 15. 
Potter, James, 466. 
Pownalborough, 1, 3. 60. 80. 120, 
122, 124, 186, 300, 302, 331, 
340, 345, 399, 400, 401, 403, 
412, 416, 417, 439, 441, 442. 
443. 447, 449, 454, 455. 

Goal, 120, 148, 149. 
Preble, Ab"'., 270. 

Col. Ebenezer. 19. 

Jedediah, 165, 172, 201, 263. 

Jedediah, Jr., 371, 372. 

Jere.. 54. 

Capt. John. 96, 99. 100, 101, 
220, 456, 458, 461. 
Prescott, Lemuel, 390. 
Presumpscot River, 45. 
Priest, a French, sec Berthiaume, 
Juniper. 

an Irish. 26. 
Prince. Capt. , 266. 

Capt. Edward. 38, 39. 

Joseph. 402, 403. 
Princeton, 291, 292. 
Privateers, sec Vessels. 
Purrington, James, 362. 

Stephen. 42. 
Putnam. Bartholomew, 98. 

Rufus. 426, 428, 432. 



Q 



Quebec, 29, 42. 252. 

River, sec Kennebec River. 
Quenebec, .sec Kennebec. 
Quincy. Edmund. 456, 459, 462. 



K 

Randal. Stephen, 12, 13. 

Randel. Jack. 362. 

Ray. William. 303. 

Raymonton, ) 

Raymontown, } 140, 360, 361, 412. 

Read, William, 154. 

Recollect, a. sec Berthiaume, 

Juniper. 
Reed. Andrew. 72. 

Lieut. -Col. Andrew. 148. 

Capt. Joseph. 62. 

Thomas, 362. 
Rendall, Capt. George. 37. 
Rhode Island. 274, 448. 
Rich, Ezekiel, 224. 

Joseph, 302. 
Richards, James, 408. 



32 



482 



DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 



Richardson, Daniel, 331. 

James, 331, 336, 343, 344. 

James, Jr., 331. 

John Gott, 331. 

Stephen, 331. 

Thomas, 331. 

Thomas, Jr., 331. 
Richmond, Mr. — , 413. 
Ricker, Joshua, 88. 

Tobias, 342, 394. 
Riggs, Daniel, 362. 
Rill, James, 224. 
Rittal, Francis, 80, 168, 186. 
River Cobscook, 389, 390, 432. 
Rivers, Archibald, 384. 
Robbins, | 
Robins, f Mr. , 390. 

David, 41. 

Ebenezer, 41. 

E. H., 175. 

Jesse, 41. 

Oliver, Jr., 260, 379. 

Philip, 40, 41. 
Robinson, Florence, 326. 

Moses, 6. 

Thomas, 362, 391. 
Rochambeau, Count de, 63, 64, 65. 
Rodic, I 
Rodick, J Daniel, 331. 

John, 167, 194, 397. 
Rollings, John, 154. 

Samuel, 154. 
Rose, Thomas, 437. 
Ross, Capt. Thomas, 159. 
Rowe, Mr. , 392. 

John, 3. 
Rov/s, Mr. — , 247. 
Roxbury, 177. 
Royall, Eliah, 410, 411. 
Royalsborough, 412. 
Royalston, 358. 
Runnels, Sergt. Samuel, 221. 
Russell, Benjamin, 25. 

Edv/ard, 270. 

Sargt. Samuel, 74. 
Rust, Joseph, 154. 
Rutland, 203. 

S 

Saco River, 7, 131, 222, 271, 272, 

273 319. 
Great Falls, 272. 

Sedgv/ick, Mr. , 247. 

Sagadahoc River, 229. 

St. Croix River, 77, 276, 300, 316, 

340 355. 
St. Georges,'76, 264, 324, 326, 413. 
Lower Town, 5, 6, 323, 324, 326, 

329, 381, 382. 



St. Georges, cont'nwied. 

River, 268, 323, 325, 327, 328, 
382. 

River Falls, 325, 337. 
St. Johns, 28, 29, 54, 452, 458. 

Indians, 26, 28, 76, 77. 

R:"-r, 28, 29, 54, 77, 136, 137, 
460, 461. 
St. Lawrence River, 29. 
Salem, 358, 363, 461. 
Salsby, Ebenezer, 331. 
Sampson, Melzar, 307. 
Sandy River, 152, 153, 154. 
Sanford, 85, 131, 141, 142, 143, 
144, 184, 412. 

Grizzel, 142, 144. 

Peleg, 143, 144. 

Thomas, 362. 

William, 144. 
Sargent, Paul D., 390. 
Savage, Daniel, 454. 
Savages, .src Indians. 
Sawasen, an Indian, 19. 
Sawyer, Benjamin, 117. 

Ebenezer, 224. 

Jacob, 154. 

Joseph, 60, 224. 

Joshua, 224. 

Nathaniel, 224. 

Peter, 224. 
Scarborough, 101, 102, 104, 398. 

Beach Ridge, 85, 102. 

County Road, 398. 

First Parish, 85, 86, 101, 102, 
103, 398, 399. 

Harmons Mill Creek, 398. 

Meserve's Island, 103. 

Mill Creek, 104. 

Nonsuch River, 103. 

Second Parish, 398. 
Schoduck, \ 

Schoodie, j River, 8, 9, 432. 
Scipio, a negro, 257, 258, 259. 
Scott, John, 362. 
Scribner, Daniel, 84. 

Samuel, 84. 
Seamon, Daniel, 17. 
Sebascodegin Island, 397. 
Sedgewick, Theodore, 391. 
Sevey, Jonathan, 72. 
Sewall, Judge , 397. 

Abigail, 45. 

Daniel, 179. 

David, 131, 191, 193, 197, 199. 

Dummer, 14. 

John, Jr., 179. 

Joseph, 197. 

Nicholas, 157, 196. 

Samuel, 45. 

Thomas, 125, 126. 



IT^TDEX 



483 



Shannon, I. Noble, 135. 

J. Noble, 302, 341. 
Shapleigh, Nicholas, 184. 
Shattuck, Somers, 362. 
Shaw, Francis, 313, 314, 341, 343, 
344, 366. 

Nathaniel, 266. 

William, 344. 
Sheepscott, 270. 

River, 263, 401, 402, 416. 
Shepherdsfiekl, 342, 394, 395. 
Shrewsbury, 358. 
Shute, Elizabeth, 372. 
Silvester, .sec Sylvester. 
Simonton, James, 362. 

John, 260, 379. 
Simpson, Joseph, 157, 196. 
Simpson, Joseph, Jr., 143, 144. 
Skinner, Lieut. Aaron, 180. 
Sladon, Seth, 429. 
Small, Daniel, 222, 224. 

Francis, 224. 

Isaac, 224. 

Jacob, 224. 

James, 224. 

Reuben, 224. 

Samuel, 200, 209, 215, 222, 399. 

Timothy, 224. 

Smead, Mr. , 413. 

Smith, Asa, 401, 402, 403, 404. 

David, 362. 

Edward, 217. 

Ezra, 390. 

George, 140, 141. 

Israel, 84. 

James, 332. 

Jeremiah, 84. 

John, 84, 332. 

Jonathan, 84. 

Jno. K., 390. 

Stephen, 100, 101, 130, 135, 302, 
304, 341. 

Thomas, 421. 

Timothy, 331. 

William, 174. 
Snow, Isaac, 97, 118, 119, 120. 
Somes, Abraham, 331. 
Sour Dabscotts Mills, 310, 312. 
South Brimfield, 358. 
South Carolina, the Governor of, 

363. 
Southampton, 358. 
Southboro, 358. 
Southworth, John, 35, 36. 

Sparhawk, Mrs. , 192, 198, 

199. 

John, 137, 176, 177. 

William Pepperell, 192. 
Spooner, George, 357. 
Sprague, Joseph, 290. 



Springer, John, 17. 
Springfield, 411. 

Newspapers, 432. 
Stafford, John R., 390. 
Stanwood, William, 466. 
Starkweather, E., 372. 

Stearns, Capt. , 55. 

Stenson, John, 254. 
Starlington, 40, 413. 
Stevens, Asa, 362. 

Edmund, 303. 

Jonathan, 336, 343. 

Joseph, 224. 

Thomas, 309. 
Stillman, George, 39, 40, 135, 302. 
Stimson, Ebeuezer, 72. 
Stone, Daniel, 302. 

John, 30, 37, 38, 39. 

Joshua, 231, 362. 

M., 5. 
Stoneham, 358. 
Storer, Seth, 362. 

Woodbury, 363. 
Stowe, 358. 

Straits of Bell Isle, 429. 
Strong, Caleb, 392. 
Strout, David, 42, 43, 44. 

Enoch, 224. 

Joshua, 342, 394. 

Richard, 224. 
Stroutwater, 209, 210, 214, 216. 
Sudbury, 358. 

Sudbury Canada, ) 24, 25, 41, 42, 
Sudbere Canada, j 55, 107, 332, 

333, 334. 
Suffolk County, 1, 9, 49, 177, 178, 
266, 412, 414, 415, 456, 458, 
459, 462. 
Sullivan, Mr. , 319, 369, 390. 

James, 322, 402. 
Sumner, Hopestill, 48. 
Sutton, 358. 
Swan, James, 25. 

Joseph G., 273. 
Swett, Joseph, 84. 
Sylvester, ) 342, 358, 394, 395, 
Silvester, ] 428. 
Symmes, John, 111. 
Symons, Ilartaken, 142. 



Talbot, Peter, 302. 
Tapkin, John, 390. 
Tarbox, Eliakim, 224. 

Capt. Ezekiel, 281. 
Tarr, Andrew, 331. 
Tate, George, 209, 258. 

William, 1, 2, 3, 9, 10. 
Tebbets, Jacob, 372. 



484 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Templeton, 358. 

Thacher, I 

Thatcher, J Col. , 164. 

Josiah, 319. 
Thaxter, John, 279. 
Thomas, John, 331. 

Capt. Thomas, 87. 
Thomaston, 259, 260, 268, 275, 
280, 324, 326, 327, 328, 379, 
413. 

Thompson, Mr. , 292. 

Thorle, John, 362. 
Thorndike, Ebenezer, 230. 
Thurlo, Capt. John, 90. 

Thursto'i, Mr. , 413. 

Thwing, Mr. , 413. 

Nathaniel, 254. 
Tlbbets, Simeon, 84. 
Tilley, John, 455, 456. 
Tinker, John, 331. 
Titcomb, Benjamin, 164, 208, 209, 
210, 408, 421. 

Benjamin, Jr., 362. 

Joseph, 362. 
Tolman, Jeremiah, 326. 
Tompson, , 413. 

William, 86, 102, 103. 
Topsfield, 83, 93, 94. 
Topsham, 128, 268, 270, 464, 465, 

466, 467. 
Tow, Jonathan, 411. 
Town, Thomas, 168, 169. 
Townsend, 72. 
Township, No. One, 229, 230. 

No. Five, 229, 230. 

No. Four, 210, 229, 230, 336, 
343, 344. 

No. Six, 229, 230, 336. 

No. Two, 234. 
Trade Island, 432. 
Treaty of Paris, 279. 
Trevett, Richard, 397. 
Treworgy, James, 332. 
Truro, 358. 
Tucker, Jn"., 456, 462. 

Josiah, 362. 

W., 390. 
Tufts, Cotton, 304, 306, 318, 345, 

413. 
Tukey, John, 60. 

John, Jr., 362. 
Tupper, William, 302. 
Turner, Charles, 152, 247, 254, 

369, 372, 413. 
Twenty-Mile River, 428. 
Twitchel, Eleazer, 25, 42, 249, 
333. 

Eli, 25. 
Tyler, Capt. , 103. 

Abraham, Jr., 60, 399. 



Tyng, William, 146, 147, 183. 

U 

Ulmer, Capt. , 73, 76. 

Philip M., 228. 

Union River, 229, 306, 332, 337^ 
C'O, 345. 

United Provinces, the, 58. 

United States, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 17, 
19, 43, 44, 62, 71, 75, 84, 89, 

101, 112, 114, 140, 159, 163, 

169, 188, 195, 203, 204, 205, 

221, 233, 235, 236, 237, 238, 

240, 242, 244, 245, 246, 248, 

251, 316, 351, 352, 362, 367, 

370, 372, 375, 381, 392, 410, 

422, 424, 436, 427, 428, 429, 
440. 

Congress, 15, 20, 27, 53, 100, 

112, 188, 235, 239, 240, 241, 

242, 243, 244, 245, 291, 292, 

293, 295, 376, 377, 380, 381, 
433. 



Varnum, Mr. , 413. 

Vassel, V\^illiam, 92. 
VasseD^orough, 120, 413. 
Vaudreuil, | Marquis de, 63, 64, 
Vandreuil, j 67. 
Vaughaix, William, 86, 102, 103, 

362. 
Vernun, J. B., 372. 
Versailles, 294. 

Vessels, 5, 6, 10, 11, 12, 14, 16, 
19, 21, 23, 24, 28, 37, 51, 52, 
57, 63, 65, 66, 73, 75, 79, 81, 
89, 99, 100, 115, 129, 135, 136, 
137, 138, 146, 156, 159, 164, 
166, 167, 173, 195, 205, 206, 
207, 208, 212, 225, 227, 231, 
252, 263, 264, 322, 358, 359, 
361, 374, 375, 383, 406, 407, 
408, 416, 417, 440, 442, 443, 
444, 445, 446, 447, 448, 449, 
450, 451, 453, 455, 456, 457, 
458, 460, 461, 462. 
Abigail, the, 57. 
Black Prince, the, 281, 283, 284, 

285, 287, 288, 289, 309. 
Brittania, 35. 
Canceaux, the, 406. 
Comet, the, 39. 
Defence, the, 282, 290. 
Defiance, the, 36. 
Dilligent, the, 113. 
General Putnam, the, 160, 266, 

267. 
Hannah, the, 307. 



INDEX 



485 



Vessels, continued. 

Ilazzard, the, 90. 

Hector, the, 282, 290, 298. 

Hope, the, 11, 257. 

Humbird, the, 19. 

Hunter, the, 98, 126, 127, 284, 
296, 297. 

Industry, the, 52. 

Lively, the, 455, 457. 

Marrs, the, 99. 

Monmouth, the, 280, 286, 299. 

Nancy, the, 281. 

Penobscot, the, 38. 

Pigeon, the, 404. 

PoUey, the, 105. 

l^utnam, the, 27. 

Sally, the, 62, 453. 

Tartar, the, 207, 208. 

Townsend, the, 72. 

Unity, the. 111. 

Vengeance, the, 87, 286. 

Winthrop, the, 57, 206, 207, 208, 
213. 
Vincent, John, 49. 
Voce, William, 411. 
Vose, Seth, 382. 

Thomas, 390. 

W 

Wadsworth, Gen. Peleg, 40, 43, 
44, 168, 194, 202, 264, 311, 
362. 
Wagg, James, Jr., 342, 394. 
Waite, John, 349, 350, 351. 
Waldo, Capt. , 266. 

Estate, the, 208. 

Francis, 154, 156, 165, 174, 175, 
200, 209, 214, 215, 216, 257. 

Patent, the, 383. 

Brigadier. Samuel, 209, 210, 
214, 215, 323, 325, 327. 
Waldoborough, 20, 41, 227, 228, 
382, 409, 413. 

Headquarters, 75. 

Wales, Capt. , 171. 

Walker, Ezekiel, 209, 273, 333. 

Isac, 273. 

John, 273. 

John, Jr., 273. 

Nathaniel, 342, 394. 

Samuel, 108, 273. 
Waller, Joseph, Jr., 303. 
Walles, Joseph, 302. 
Wampum, 28. 
Ward, Gen. , 164. 

Joseph, 311. 

Samuel, 177. 
Ware, Jason, 41. 
Wareham, 392. 



Warner, Jon\, 165. 
Warren, 41, 47, 48, 268, 275, 280, 
323, 324, 325, 326, 327, 328, 
329, 378, 379, 381, 382, 413. 

Ab., 390. 

Ebenezer, 342. 

Edmund, 342, 394. 

G., 362. 

Ichabod, 342, 394. 

John, 342. 

Lincoln, 409. 

Pelatiah, 342, 353, 394, 395. 

Tristram, 342, 394. 
Warwick, 358. 

Washburn, Capt. , 122. 

Washington, George, 63, 64, 67, 
187, 189, 234, 247, 255, 256, 
291, 292, 293, 294. 
Waters, Josiah, Jr., 266, 267. 
Watertown, 20. 
Watson, John, 280. 
Watts, David, 429. 

Edward, 362. 
Weare, Joseph, 196. 
Weathren, Mickel, 154. 
Webb, Henry, 362. 
Webster, Joshua, 84. 
Weeks, Lemuel, 362. 

William, 429. 
Weeman, John, 224. 
Wells, 72, 177, 358. 

Nathan, ) 7, 50, 55, 88, 90, 

Nathaniel, ] 114,115,116,131, 
143, 145, 192, 198, 199, 226, 
247, 318, 426. 

Thomas, 390. 
West, , 447. 

Benjamin, 252. 
West Bowdoinham, 97, 118, 119, 

128. 
West Indies, 159. 

Judah, 17. 
West Passamaquoddy, 451. 
Westford, 358. 
Weston, 1 

Westen, I ,447,448. 

Woster, J 

Josiah, 305. 
Weymouth, 358. 
Wheaton, Col. Mason, 98, 164, 

327. 
White, Edward, 390. 

John, 361, 362. 

Phillips, 391. 

Joseph, 127. 

William, 362, 391. 
Whitmore, Samuel, 60, 164. 
Whitnay, Joel, 305. 
Whitney, Joel, 302. 
Whittier, Ebenezer, 60, 61. 



48G 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Wildridge, Elizabeth, 158, IGO, 
187. 

James, 158, 187. 
Williams, George, 285, 288, 289. 
Willie, John, 280. 
Willis, Nathaniel, 190, 191, 197. 
Wilson, I 
Willson, j Mr. , 292. 

James, 466. 

Capt. Joseph, 337, 343. 

Thomas, 466. 
Windham, 190, 191, 358. 
Winslow, 2, 3, 68, 120, 261, 273, 
413, 434. 435. 

Mr. , 383. 

Isaac, 357. 

John, 342, 394. 
Winthrop, 32, 33, 120, 426. 

Samuel, 144. 
Wiscassett Point, 416, 417. 
V/iswell, Thomas, 174. 
Witherspoon, John, 292, 293, 294. 
Wood, Aaron, 171, 178. 

Abiel, 417. 
Woodbery, Peter, 230. 
Woodbridge, Benjamin, 226. 

Benjamin, Jr., 24. 

J., 390. 
Woodman, Benjamin, 362. 
Worcester, 310, 314, 315. 

County, 178, 310, 312, 314, 412, 



415. 

Goal of, 376. 

Newspapers, 432. 
Woster, .str, Weston. 
Wyer, Thomas, 231. 
Wyman, Nathaniel, 358, 359, 377. 



Yong, Robert, 331. 
Young, Edward, 254. 
Young, Elkanah, 331. 

Ezra, 331. 

George, 6. 

Richard, 382. 

William, 6. 
York, 4, 5, 25, 36, 37, 38, 39, 156, 
176, 179, 192, 195, 196, 357, 
397, 412. 

County, 36, 41, 43, 44, 51, 55, 
84, 87, 91, 107, 115, 116, 130, 
132, 137, 141, 142, 143, 144, 
167, 178, 179, 184, 185, 195, 
19G, 199, 201, 211, 222, 226, 
248, 252, 271, 279, 317, 318, 
319, 333, 334, 353, 357, 395, 
412, 415. 

Harbor, 4, 38. 

Isaac Ilsley, 25. 

John, 25. 

Port of, 397. 



This Index ivas cominled by Mr. Edward Denham, New Bedford, Mass., 
as were the Indices to former Volumes. 



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