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Full text of "Documentary history of the state of Maine .."

F16 

M28d 

v. 




iHautc (benenlnqtcal ^nricty, 

Portland. Maine. 

Accession / SOLD BY THE 

No. .7 7 Y^^ m Genealogical Society 



COLLECTIONS 

OF THE 

MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

SECOND SERIES 



DOCUMENTARY 

HISTOEY OF THE STATE OF MAINE 

VOL. XXI 



CONTAINING 



THE BAXTER MANUSCRIPTS 



EDITED 



By JAMES PHINNEY BAXTER, A. M., Litt. D. 



PUBLISHED BY THE MAINE HISTORICAL SOCIETY, AIDED BY 
APPROPRIATIONS FROM THE STATE 



PORTL AND 
FRED. L. TOWER COMPANY 

19 16 



•a sodnffl 

Copyright 1916 
By the Maine Historical Society 



Press ok 
Fked. L. Towkr Company, Portland 



i : I6 
M2Sd 



PREFACE 



THIS volume continues the story of the hard conditions 
confronting the people of Maine after the close of the 
Revolutionary War. They had made great sacrifices for the 
preservation of their homes, many of which, located upon 
land subject to conflicting claims, rendered their tenure inse- 
cure, and many whose titles were unquestioned were too poor 
to pay the taxes levied upon them by the Government for the 
expenses of the war and its own maintenance ; in fact, they 
were subject to innumerable difficulties which compelled them 
to seek relief from the Government, which must have put its 
members to their wit's end to devise measures of relief. To 
attain a settled condition in the remoter parts of Maine was 
for many years a task which must have seemed almost hope- 
less to settlers and legislators. It was, however, at last 
accomplished, and in a manner which reflects credit upon all 
concerned. 

As usual I am indebted to Mr. Edward Denham for the 
Index. 

JAMES PHINNEY BAXTER, 

61 Deering Street, 

Portland, Maine. 
January, 1916. 






CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE OF CONTENTS 



1785 



Jan. 


22 


Feb. 


21 


March 


April 




May 




May 


30 


June 





June 



June 21 

June 24 

June 25 

June 27 

June 28 

July 1 



July 14 

Aug. 16 

Aug. 27 

Oct. 20 



Letter Tho Rice to Hon. Henry Knox, . 
Letter Henry Knox to Tho Rice, . 
Amendment to Salmon Fishery Act, 
Letter Henry Knox to General Palmer, 
Petition of William McCobb, 
Governor's Speech, accepting office of Chief 

Magistrate 

Governor's Message, .... 
Acct of Naval Officer, Port of Machias, 
Report of Committee on Unappropriated 

Lands, 

Petition of Selectmen of Falmouth, . 

John McCracken Petition, . 

Petition of Moses Ames in behalf of town 

of Fryeburg, 

Report on Returns for Continental Valua 

tion, 

Report of Committee on Lands in Co. of 

Lincoln, 

In re Unappropriated Lands in County of 

Lincoln, 

Declaration of Thos. Boyd Jr., . 
Orders on petition of Wm. McCobb, . 
Testimony of Andrew Wall, . 
Bill for Limiting Personal Actions to the 

County wherein one of the Parties Dwell, 
Re: selling Confiscated Estates in the 

County of Cumberland, 

Governor's Message 

Beauchamp & Leverett Resolve, . 

Action on petition Administrators Waldo 

Estate, 

Waldo Claim, 

Petition of Francis Shurtleff and testimony 

in case, 

Petition of Inhabts. of Majorbigwaduce, 
Letter Geo. R. Minot to General Knox, . 
Letter James Hall to General Knox, . 
Acct of Light Money, Port of Passama 

quoddy, with letter from Naval Officer, 
The Govr's Speech Oct. 20, 1785 & Action 

on same, ...... 



2 
2 
1 
3 
6 

9 
11 
11 

11 
14 
15 

16 

17 

18 

18 
21 
24 
25 

26 

27 
29 
30 

35 
36 

37 

39 

3 

4 

40 

41 



Vlll 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 



1785 Oct. 24 



Nov. 



Nov. 
Nov. 
Nov. 



14 

24 
25 



Nov. 
Nov. 



29 
30 



1786 



Dec. 


14 


Jan. 


20 


Jan. 


27 


Feb. 


1 



Feb. 



Feb. 


8 


Feb. 


10 


Feb. 


14 


Feb. 


17 


Feb. 


20 



Memorial of James Sullivan with petition of 

Inhab. of Frenchman's Bay, 
Petition of Inhabts. Thomaston, . 

Letter Jona Peele 

Re: Sale of land in Cumberland County, 
Action in re Joseph Penrice, et als, . 
Report of Naval Officer, Port of Goulds 

borough, 

List of Towns who have made return of 

number of their polls 

Letter of resignation from William Lithgow 

Jr 

Govr's Message, 

Order to examine returns of Senators, . 
Petition of Job Averell & Thereon, . 
Governor's Message, .... 
Report of Committee Appointed to Consider 

the report of the Committee on Unap 

propriated Lands in County of Lincoln 

& Resolve on same 

Statement of the Kennebec Claims, . 
Resolve re public property at Post of Penob 

scot 

Petition of Samuel McCobb and Action 

thereon, 

Letter from William Lithgow Esq., . 
Re: William Webb's Letter, . 
Letter Robert Craig to General Knox, . 
Petition of John Vinal in behalf of town of 

Fox Island, 

Governor's Message, .... 

Acct. of fees, Port of Boothbay, . 

Letter Richard Trevett to Thos. Ivers & 

Acct. of fees 

Certificate of James Lunt Jr., . 
Petition of Mary Ellis of Falmouth, . 
Nath'l Green Moody's Petition, . 
Petition of Suncook Inhabts., 
Petition of Jonathan Powers, 
Certificate in re Francis Hatch Jr., . 
Memorial Francis Hatch Jr. & Action 

thereon, 

Treasurer's Letter to E. Bridge Esq., . 

Governor's Message 

Governor's Message 

Report of Richard Trevett, . 

The Petition of Jere Hill & Others, . 



54 
58 
60 
60 
61 

62 

63 

64 
65 
66 
66 
68 



69 

72 

119 

119 

121 

123 

5 

123 
124 
124 

125 
126 
127 
144 
144 
145 
147 

148 
150 
151 
152 
153 
135 



OF CONTENTS 



IX 



1786 Feb. 22 

Feb. 27 

Mar. 3 

Mar. 4 

Mar. 7 

Mar. 13 

Mar. 16 

Mar. 21 

Mar. 22 

May 13 

May 16 

May 17 

May 24 



May 26 
May 31 
June 2 



June 6 



June 7 

June 8 

June 10 

June 13 



Report of Committee on Kennebec Claim, 156 

John Reed's Petition & Action thereon, . 157 
Resolve on Petition of Inhabts of Shapleigh 

& Lebanon, 159 

Resolve on Petition of Paul D. Sargent, . 160 
Memorial of Paul D. Sargent, . . .162 

Re: Bill Regulating Townships, . . . 162 
List of Towns that have not made returns 

to Treasurer, 163 

Re: Petition Jos. Chadbourne, . . . 166 
Petition of Joseph Chadbourne, . . . 166 
Petition of John Nichols re town of Wash- 
ington & Action thereon, .... 167 
Memorial Paul D. Sargent and action 

thereon 168 

Message of Governor, 170 

Memorial Inhts. Moose Island, . . . 171 
Petition of Inhabts of Cumberland and Lin- 
coln Counties in re Canal and Order, . 172 

Mr. Thomas Child's Acct 176 

Petition of Abijah Buck and Others, . . 179 

Letter from James Lyon to James Avery, . 182 

Petition of Town of Machias, . . . 128 
Petition for the Regulation of Fishery on 

Saco River, 133 

Petition of James Avery, .... 134 

Petition of William Hagget 134 

Petition of Inhabitants of Shapleigh, . . 135 
Valuation of Counties in 1786, . . .136 

Acct. Richard Trevett, 183 

Petition of Benj. Sawyer, .... 185 

Letter from Caleb Davis Esq., . . . 186 

Petition of Ichabod Goodwin & Others, . 187 

The Govr's Speech to the General Court, . 188 
William Lithgow & Al. Inhabts. of Lincoln 

County in re Light House at Seguin, . . 198 
Petition of the Masters of Vessels & als in 

re light-house 200 

Report on Part of Governor's Speech, . . 201 

Letters, etc. from George Billings, . . 201 
Petition of the Inhabitants of the Upper 

Plantation West Side of Penobscot, . 208 
Petition of Selectmen of Pownalboro in re 

Wiscasset 210 

Governor's Message 210 

Acct. Stephen Smith, Naval Officer, . . 212 

Petition of Abijah Buck and Others, . . 181 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 



1786 June 15 



June 15 

June 15 

June 19 

June 24 

June 29 



July 



July 7 

July 18 

Aug. 30 

Sept. 29 
Oct. 

Oct. 4 



Oct. 


12 


Oct. 


16 


Oct. 


18 


Oct. 


21 


Nov. 


7 


Nov. 


11 


Nov. 


15 



1787 



Letter from E. Storer to Governor inclosing 
Memorandum of Grants in New Town- 
ships 141 

Acct of Grants of Lands to Harvard College, 142 

Petition of Paul Reed & Action thereon, . 214 

Johnson Moultons Acct. Sheriff of York, . 222 

Governor's Message 225 

Bill Empowering the Sessions to lay out 

roads 225 

Petition Selectmen of Falmouth & Order on 

Same 227 

List of Towns which have not Returned an 
acct. of their assessments of No. 5 tax 

granted 1786 229 

Governor's Message 230 

William Webb's Acct. as Naval Officer of 

Bath 231 

Rich'd Trevett Acct., 232 

Petition of Nathaniel Low, .... 233 

Petition of Bridgetown Plantation, . . 235 

Petition of Arundel 56 

Governor's address in re Indians, . . 236 
Report of Committee on Penobscot Indians, 239 
Report in re Cannon lost Penobscot Expedi- 
tion, 242 

Letter of Committee in re Indians, . . 243 
Letter of B. Lincoln to Governor, . . 245 
Letter of Committee to Governor in re In- 
dians, 247 

Eliakim Ayers Petition, 249 

Petition from Settlers in Township No. 10 

or Eddys., 250 

Petition of Inhabitants of Parsonfield, . 251 
Re: Petition of Mark Lord, . . . .253 
Governors Message respecting claim of 

Monsr Gregoire & Lady to Lands, . . 255 

Governors Message Nov. 11, 1786, . . 256 
Re: Petition of Dan'l Pierce, . . .257 
Petition of Daniel Pierce & Accompanying 

Documents to foregoing 260 

Resolves in re Petition of Bridgeton, . . 262 

Petition of Isaac Smith & others, . . 263 

Petition of Francis Whitmore, . . . 264 
Petition of Sam'l Peirson & John Frothing- 

ham 266 

Petition of John Baker et al, and Action 

thereon, 267 



OF CONTEXTS 



XI 



1787 



Jan. 


9 


Jan. 


16 


Jan. 


31 


Feb. 


7 



Feb. 12 



Feb. 14 



Feb. 15 



Feb. 21 



Feb. 22 



Feb. 27 



Feb. 28 



List of Salaries 270 

Petition of Benjamin Libby, . . . .271 
Petition of Henry Dearborn & Others, . 272 
James Gillmore & others Public Creditors, 273 
An Act defining the times and places Where 
Certain Courts shall sit, etc. and Action 

thereon 275 

Bill for Regulating the Commencement of 

the year, 279 

Petition of Inhabitants on the Easterly side 

of Androscoggin River 280 

Memo of John Sullivan for appt of Comm" 
to examine A/C a &c of Saml Lord 3d de- 
ceased & Action thereon 282 

Petition of a Committee of the Town of 

Lebanon in County of York, . . . 302 
Act for rendering processes in Law less ex- 
pensive, 305 

Extract from Document entitled "Choice of 

Town Officers, &c 308 

Report of Committee re Petitions of Brown- 
field, Francesboro, Raymondston, Otis- 
field, Bridgetown, Canaan & No. 1, 3, 4, 5, 

6 & 22 Plantations 315 

Memorial Inhabitants of Canaan & action 

thereon, 317 

Petition of Raymondtown 320 

Petition of inhabitants of Otisfield PI., . 322 
Memorial of the Delegates for the several 
Towns and Plantations, east side of Union 

River 324 

List of the Polls, and Real and Personal es- 
tate, of the several Proprietors and Inhab" 
of the Plantation of Brownfield, . . 326 
Executions in the hands of John Wait, . 330 
Resolves in Senate re taxes of Francesboro 

&c, 331 

Petition Inhabts. Town of Francisboro, . 332 
Resolve in re abatement of taxes for Brown- 
field 334 

Petition of Joshua Lamb of New Canaan, . 334 
Report of the Committee for selling land in 

County of York, 335 

Report of Committee on Petition of Mons. 

Gregoire, 336 

Petition of Joshua Bracket of Shapleigh and 

Resolve on same, 337 



Mil 



CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 



Of 



1787 Mar. 2 Petition of Richard Jon?s & others, 

Mar. 3 Apportionment of Senators & Order 

House, 

Extract from the Valuation Book, 
Mar. 6 Memorial of Representatives from the East 
ern Counties, ..... 

Mar. 7 Treasurer's Acc't of Fines Laid on Towns, 
Letter from treasurer re taxes County of 
Hampshire, ...... 

Mar. 8 Petition of Mon. Gregoire, . 

Report on Petition of the Gregoire Claim, 
Mar. 10 Order of House in re Petition of Inhabts. o 

Gouldsborough, 

Petition of Inhabts. of Gouldsborough, 
May 3 Order for Treasurer to pay Committee on 

Eastern Lands 

May 14 Instructions to the Deputies of Freetown, 

May 20 Petition of Town of Pownalboro, 

June 5 Report of committee respecting Fishery in 

three Eastern Counties, and Action on 

same 

June 11 Petition from town of Berwick, 
June 18 Action on Petition of Ebenezer Owen, 
June 20 Petition of Inhabts. of Islands in Penobscot 
Bay & Order of House, . . . . 
Draft Bills re Islands in Penobscot Bay & 

Action thereon 

Petition for grant Indian lands, 

June 21 Petition of Isaac Winslow 

June 23 Petition of Alex r Barr & Resolve on same, 
June 29 Petition Portland Convention & Action on 

same, 

July 2 Petition of Machias & Thereon, . 
July 6 Memorial of James Gilmore et als, 
Sept. 5 An Address Re: Three Eastern Counties, 
October Petition Inhabitants of Waldoboro, 

Parsonfleld Petition, 
Oct. 8 Petition of Westport, . 
Oct. 19 Elisha Brown's Petition, 
Oct. 24 Letter of Rufu3 Putnam, 
Oct. 29 Re: Petition Jonathan Davenport 

Jonathan Davenport's Petition, 
Nov. Re Petition Josiah Pierce, 

Petition of Josiah Pierce, 
Petition of Joseph Storer, 
Nov. 6 Treasurer's Letter with Statement, 
Nov. 8 Petition of New Gloucester, . 



339 

341 
342 

343 

345 

346 
346 
348 

350 
352 

353 

354 
355 



356 
357 
358 

360 

361 
362 
363 
364 

365 
367 
375 
376 
379 
380 
382 
383 
385 
385 
386 
387 
388 
389 
390 
391 



OF CONTENTS 



Xlll 



Nov. 


16 


Nov. 


17 


Nov. 


19 


Nov. 


20 


Nov. 


21 


Nov. 


21 



1787 Nov. 9 Re Petition Hannah Mann, . 

Memorial of Hannah Mann, . 

Nov. 10 Re Petition of Ezekiel Pattee, 

Petition Ezekiel Pattee, 
Nov. 12 Bill for Instituting a Registry of Deeds in 

Each Town, 

Nov. 14 Re Petition Town of Norridgewalk, 

Petition Inhabitants of Norridgewalk, 
Order in re Petition of David Gardner, 
Memorial of David Gardner, 
Nov. 15 Representation of Treasurer, 
Petition of Henry Howland, 
Treasurer's Bill About Statements, 
Petition of Jabez Jones & Wm. Cobb, & Ac 

tion thereon, 

Re. Laying out Roads in Lincoln County, 
Resolve on Jabez Jones & Wm. Cobb's peti 

tion 

Petitions Ordering the Treasurer to stay Ex 

ecution against the town of Union, . 
Petition of Josiah Reed, 
Petition of Jonathan Amory, 
Petition of John Taylor, 
Resolve on Petition of Noah Parker, . 
Memorial of Noah Parker, . 

re: Waldo Claim 

Protest of Henry Knox, 

Report of Committee on Roads and Action 

thereon, 

Resolve — Unlocated lands, 
Nov. 22 Re: Petition of Sam'l McCobb, 
Petition of Samuel McCobb, 
Certificate of Wm. Lithgow, 

Land Lottery Bill 

Committees to visit towns, in re Resolve for 

methodizing Accts 

Nov. 24 Resolve for Discharging the Committee for 
sale of Eastern Lands, 

7 Petition of Penobscot 

25 Bound 5 of the Town of New Gloucester, 
4 Petition of Gideon Philbrick with Deposi 

tions 

Canaan Petition for Abatement of Taxes, 

6 In re Township No. 6 

In re Township No. 4, . 

In re Township No. 5 

Petition of Plantation of Norridgwalk, 



1788 Jan. 
Jan. 
Feb. 



Feb. 



391 
392 
393 
394 

395 
397 
398 
399 
400 
400 
401 
402 

402 
404 

405 

405 
406 
407 
407 
408 
409 
411 
412 

414 
416 
418 
419 
419 
420 

422 

423 
423 
426 

433 
428 
429 
429 
430 
430 



XIV CHRONOLOGICAL TABLE 

1788 Feb. 8 Selectmen Vassalboro' Petition, . . . 436 

Feb. 9 Depositions in re Georgetown, . . . 432 

Feb. 12 Petition of Lewiston 437 

Representation of the Comptroller General, 438 

Feb. 26 Petition of Raymondstown 440 

Petition of Town of Scarborough & Action 
Thereon, Treasurer's Receipt and Af- 
fidavits 442 

Feb. 29 Petition of York 447 

Memorial of Plantations in Lincoln Co., . 448 
Resolve on Petition of Gideon Philbrick, . 450 
Mar. 6 Sam'l Darby's Petition to the General Court, 450 
Mar. 10 Petition of Bunker Farwell & Action there- 
on, ......... 451 

Report on the Representation of Comp- 
troller General 455 

Mar. 15 Capt. Jesse Johnson's Petition, . . 456 

Petition of Eben Prout 456 

Hallowell Petition & Order on same, . . 457 

Joseph Boyd Petition & Order on same, . 460 

Mar. 17 Governor's Message 462 

Mar. 19 Petition of Edmund Bridge 463 

Mar. 24 Re Lands Sold by Committee on Eastern 

Lands, 464 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



OF THE 



STATE OF MAINE 



Amendment to Salmon Fishery Act. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts In the year of our Lord 
one thousand seven hundred & Eighty five 

An Act, for altering one Clause in an act passed Octo r 24 th 
1783 Intitled an act to Eegulate the Catching of Salmon, 
Shad & Alewives and to remove & prevent obstructions in 
Merrimack River & in the other Eivers & Streams runing 
into the same within this Commonwealth 

Whereas in the fourth enacting Clause of the aforesaid act, 
it is enacted that no person or persons shall at any time catch 
any Salmon Shad or Alewives with Sienes, nets, pots or any 
other way at the mouth or Entrance of any of the aforesaid 
Rivers or Streams or within Eighty Rods of the Same — 
whereby all persons are prohibited fishing at any time at the 
mouth of said Merrimack River, be it therefore Enacted by 
the Senate & House of Representatives in General Court 
Assembled & by the authourity of the same that any & every 
Person has full Liberty to Catch fish in any way at the mouth 
of Merrimack River aforesaid on Such days as is allowed by 
the Law aforesaid. 
In the House of Representatives March 14, 1785 

This Bill having had three several Readings passed to be 

Engrossed 

Sent up for concurrence 

Sam A Otis Spk r 



2 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

The Legislature of the State of New Hampshire having, 
by request of the Legislature of this Commonwealth, passed 
a similar Act to that passed Octo. 24, 17S3 — how far will 
it be thought by that State — generous to extend the fishery 
at the mouth of Merrimack River beyond the Liberty given 
by said Act — without first proposing it to that State — ? 



Pownalboro Jan'y 22, 1785 
Sir: 

I herewith transmit the copies & Extracts you wrote for, 
and must beg pardon for not sending them sooner. I re- 
ceived your first letter when from home, and on my return 
laid it by and thro divers avocations & Businesses it escaped 
my memory. Upon the receipt of your other letter I ap- 
plied myself to the work, and take this first opportunity to 
send them. It has cost me much Time as I had to go 
through the whole Records, and hope they will answer your 
purpose ; the paper I made use of is bad, but the best I could 
procure here — The Time & Trouble it has cost me I think 
is worth Ten Dollars which please to pay the Bearer. 

I am with due regard your most humble 

Servant Tho Rice 
Hon bIe Henry Knox Esq 



Boston Feb'y 21, 1785 
Sir 

I have written to you repeatedly for certain papers rela- 
tive to the Estate of the late Thomas Fleecker, Esq. 1 " I have 
sent three copies of the same tenor and date — I request 
you in the most earnest manner that you would immediately 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 3 

forward me the papers I have requested in those letters, and 

you shall be paid the customary fees upon the receipt thereof. 

I am Sir 

Your hum 1 

H. Knox. 
Tho s Eice Esq. 

Forwarded by Steward Hunt 

who lives within half a mile of Mr. Rice. 



Boston 5 April 1785 
Sir 

I should have answered your letter immediately upon its 
receipt but I was not possessed of the circumstances which 
would enable me to do it with propriety. Indeed this is the 
first opportunity — I cannot settle the amount which you 
state against Mr. Fleecker's Estate — This must be the work 
of Commissioners who may be hereafter appointed to examine 
all the claims which shall be brought the Estate — All that I 
can observe in general that candor, and integrity, on both 
sides will be the only valid means by which the party deficient 
expect to derive confidence and forbearance 

I shall return here in June, when it is probable I shall 

wait upon you and enter more minutely into the affairs. 

I am Sir 

Your humble s 1 

H. Knox. 
Gen er Palmer 



Boston July 14, 1785 
Dear Sir 

The Gen 1 Court having, after your departure, passed a Re- 
solve relative to the claim under Beauchamp & Leverett, I 
have inclosed it for your inspection. As it was a long time 



4 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

in the Governour's possession I did not know whether it 
would filially pass or not. & tln-refore began to copy the pro- 
ceedings from the Journal relative to this subject which I 
will finish & transmit if you shall be in need of them. 

I am Sir 
Your humb. Serv 1 

Geo. R. d Minot. 
Gen 1 Knox 

N York 



Sir 



Boston August 16, 1785. 



I arriv'd here from St. Georges the 30th of July last, with 
156 Hogds. Lime. Was in hopes to have seen you before 
you left Town. I receiv d your letter by the hand of Mr. I. 
Winslow Jun r . I should have wrote you before had I not 
Expected you down to St. Georges after the last session of 
the Gen 1 Court was over — It was out of my power to com- 
promise matters with the Lime burners, there was not one 
that would comply fully with the Terms, that was ISTath 1 
Fails — Col Jones Representative for the Town Bristol Sent 
a Circular Letter to the Towns and Plantations on the patent 
which made a Great of uneasiness for a while. I have In- 
closed you a Copy of the Letter — which Accidently fell into 
my hands. Col Wheaton and my Self thinks it highly 
necessary for you to come down this Fall as there is a great 
deal to be done this winter if the business is Carried on an- 
other Summer. Excepting these Lime burners can be Stop d 
Burning, it would not be worth our attention another year, 
there is five kills in Thomaston, two of them built new this 
Summer — everything Round us looks in a ruinous Situation, 
there is a fence wanting to inclose the two Farms, of one mile 
and a half in length — we find it very hard in raising our 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE D 

Lime Stone — Expect to burn Nine Hundred Hogds — Lime 

kills very dull here. I shall sail tomorrow for St. George — 

I am Sir with Respect 

Your very Humb 1 

Serv 1 James Hall 
Gen 1 Knox. 



Xeguntecook Harbour, Xovember y' 30 th 1785 
His Excelance General Knox : 

Honored Sir i am sory that I am oblidged to trouble you 
on account of a Lot of Land I agreed with Esq 1- Fleecher for 
as i informed you last June in Boston and Showed you a 
letter, I had to have it run, but it was Negglected. if your 
Honour will be so Kind as to send me sumthing to Show that 
I have your apperabation as I have from Esq 1 " Fleecker and 
any pertickler spot as y e X. E poin which is the front of said 
land that I now and have been on and had interest there 
these twelve years the pitch of the point my line will not 
toweeh there my be 4 or 5 acers ledges and all to y e Soward, 
and I hope you will be so kind as to send for me to have all 
the point it being no advantage to any person what it will 
be to me for it is Narra with Ledges from Bay to ye cove — 
your Honour: told me to adject of Joseph Richards y e 2 d 
for He has Sitt dwn on the front of my lot but having no a 
thoraty only my Own word, My attorney thought it best to 
Sew for trespas so I have and I hope you will asist me for I 
am the Only person in this Xabourhood that came on by way 
of propriators if they can Gett the beter of me — in court, for 
want of your asistance it will cost a considerable for me here 
is another Difficulty all most Every one has run their Lines 
to Sutt their fancies that I can make no fence until I have 
my place run with out giving up all my front Sir I pray 



6 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and hope for your asistance; — Mr. James Minot and y e 
widow Minott both can inform your Honour confering this 
lot I am on I conclude your Most Humble Servt. 

To command 



Robert Craig. 



His Excelance 

General Knox Esq 1 ". 



Petition of William M c Cobb. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To the honorable Senate & honorable House of Representa- 
tives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General 
Court assembled — 

The Petition of William McCobb of Boothbay in the 
County of Lincoln Humbly sheweth 

That in the month of February Anno Domini 1780 a Com- 
plaint was regularly preferred to your Petitioner as a Jus- 
tice of the Peace for the said County against Patrick 
McGuyer, Thomas McGuyer and Ebenezer Fullerton all of 
the same County upon a Law of the then State of Massa- 
chusetts entitled "An Act for prescribing and establishing 
an Oath of Fidelity and Allegiance" passed in the year 1777, 
as persons inimical to the United States of America — that 
in consequence of the said Complaint the said Patrick Thom- 
as & Ebenezer were legally convened before your petitioner, 
who tendered to them severally the Oath of fidelity required 
by the said Act, but the said Patrick Thomas & Ebenezer 
obstinately persevered in their refusal to take the same Oath, 
whereupon your Petitioner after much persuasion with the 
said Patrick, Thomas & Ebenezer to no purpose was com- 
pelled tho' very reluctantly to issue his Warrant of Com- 
mitment against the said Persons; pursuant to which they 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 7 

were all conveyed to the common Goal in the said County, 
but before they were actually committed to Prison, they made 
Application to Jonathan Bowman Esq r who lived in the 
neighbourhood of said Goal, & expressed a desire of taking- 
said Oath rather than go to Goal — Whereupon M r Bowman 
& Charles dishing Esq r then Brigadier of the same County 
wrote to your Petitioner advising him to liberate the said 
Persons upon their taking the said Oath especially as they 
appeared to be very penitent That upon the Receipt of those 
Letters your Petitioner immediately laid them before the 
Committee of Safety for the said town of Boothbay and took 
their advice as to the measure therein proposed which the 
said Committee approved of & thereupon your Petitioner 
immediately went to the said Goal which is thirty miles dis- 
tant from his place of Residence & administered the said 
Oath to the said Persons, and then discharged them, previous 
to which they each of them gave your Petitioner a note of 
hand for the sum of One hundred & twenty one pounds ten 
shillings in the then currency for the costs that had already 
arisen, & some time afterwards they came to your Petitioner 
paid him the money & took up the said notes without making 
any Objection thereto in a little time after this the said Per- 
sons began to propagate a report very injurious to your Pe- 
titioners Character that he had altered each of the said notes 
while in his hands from the said sum of One hundred & 
twenty pounds ten shillings to the sum of One hundred & 
thirty pounds ten shillings & the said Thomas McGuyer 
actually brought his Action against your Petitioner for 
money had & received to the amount of the last mentioned 
sum, Whereupon your Petitioner at the particular request of 
the said Thomas & the others agreed that the said action 
should be dropped & that all matters in controversy between 
your Petitioner & each of said Parties respecting said mat- 
ter should be left to the Arbitration of John Stinson Esq r & 



S DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

two other Gentlemen & at the same time it was agreed be- 
tween the said parties that neither of them should have an 
Attorney before the said Arbitrators — that some time after- 
wards the said Arbitrators met upon the said Business when 
your Petitioner was very much surprized to rind that the said 
Persons had procured an Attorney contrary to their said 
Agreement who insisted on arguing their cause before the 
Arbitrators tho' your Petitioner strongly objected to it as 
being very unfair, but as the said Attorney persevered in his 
resolution your petitioner was obliged to send twenty miles 
to procure an Attorney on his part, but without success & 
thereupon consented by the persuasions of the said Arbi- 
trators to come to a hearing without any attorney — That 
upon the trial the said Arbitrators refused to admit the tes- 
timony of a man who was introduced by your petitioner as a 
witness merely because he had been formerly a complainant 
against them the said persons, That the said three persons 
were each admitted as Evidence for the others tho' your 
petitioner has since learned & can now fully prove that they 
were all equally interested in the vent of each suit, & that 
they had entered into an agreement before the trial to bear 
their equal proportion of the costs that might arise in the 
pursuit of all the said suits — That after this unequal hear- 
ing was over the said Arbitrators published their Award 
wherein they determined that your petitioner should pay to 
the said Thomas McGuyer, Patrick McGuyer and Ebenezer 
Fullerton a large sum of money each amounting in the whole 
to near Eighty pounds lawful money in specie & all upon this 
Idea that your Petitioner did in truth alter the said notes, 
which they could only gather from the partial Evidence of 
the said Persons for each other, & also from a mistaken notion 
that the Arrest of the said Persons was illegal because they 
conceived that the said Law was unjust, but they ought to 
have remembered, that tho' the Law might be unjust, yet 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 9 

your Petitioner was obliged by the Law to arrest the said 
Persons upon complaint being made to him as aforesaid — 
That your Petitioner conceiving the said Award to be unjust 
& highly injurious to his Character refused to comply with 
it, whereupon the said Ebenezer Fullerton brought his Action 
upon the Arbitration Bond against your Petitioner, who by 
the advice of his Counsel became default & appealed for a 
hearing in Chancery upon the Supposition that the facts 
aforesaid might be there disclosed & taken advantage of but 
your Petitioner is now informed that those facts can be only 
taken advantage of by a special plea in a Common Law Court, 
he therefore most earnestly prays your honors that the said de- 
fault may be taken off that he may have an Opportunity of a 
fair hearing & of vindicating his Character as a Man & public 
Magistrate from the injurious aspersions that have been 
thrown upon it & as in duty bound will ever pray. 

W m M c Cobb 

May 1785 



Governor s Speech. 

Gentlemen of the Senate and Gentlemen of the House of 
Representatives. 

You having done me the honour of electing me to the office 
of chief magistrate of the commonwealth, I take this oppor- 
tunity of declaring my acceptance of it. 

I have a due sense of the honour you have conferred, and 
shall express it more fully, as soon as may be after the com- 
plete organization of the government. I have understood, 
Gentlemen, that several things have, with great assiduity, 
been suggested to the disadvantage of my political character ; 



10 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and particularly that I am under british influence. The 
other suggestions (so far as I have heard of them) are of 
little importance: hut this is of such a nature, that I find 
myself obliged to take some notice of it. I would therefore 
observe, that an honest man, whose character as such I am 
conscious belongs to me cannot take the oath of office required 
by the constitution, and at the same time be under Such an 
influence. 

That oath was deemed a sufficient guard against the in- 
fluence suggested ; and my taking it may satisfy you, there 
was no ground for the suggestion. But, Gentleman, as it is 
Essential to the good of the commonwealth, that the people at 
large and the General Court in particular Should have a firm 
trust and confidence in the integrity of their first magistrate, 
my duty to them, and to my own character, requires, that I 
should explicitly declare at my first entering upon that im- 
portant office, and I do accordingly declare that I never have 
been, that I am not, and (so far as a man can affirm in regard 
to his future conduct) that I will not be, under any foreign 
influence whatever: but on the contrary, that the whole of 
my administration shall, in every respect, according to my 
best knowledge and ability, be conducted by the principles 
of the constitution. Though this declaration may be un- 
necessary with regard to you, Gentlemen, as I am sure it is 
in regard to those who are fully acquainted with my political 
principles and character, it may notwithstanding be needful, 
in reference to the good people of the commonwealth in gen- 
eral, especially as the suggestions above-mentioned have been 
very widely disseminated. 

I am now ready, Gentlemen, to take the oaths of office, 
pursuant to the requisitions of the constitution 

James Bowdoin 
In Senate May 27, 1785, read & sent down 

S. Adams, Presid' 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 11 

Govt's Message. 

Gentlemen of the Senate & Gentlemen of the House of Repre- 
sentatives 
Your Message of this afternoon informed me, that the two 
Branches of the General Court are ready to receive any com- 
munications, which the Governor may think proper to make 
to them. In return to that message I would acquaint you, 
Gentlemen that I purpose to meet you in the Senate Chamber 
tomorrow at twelve o'clock, when I shall lay before you 
several matters for your consideration. 

James Bowdoin 
Council Chamber, May 30, 1785 p m 



Acct of Naval Officer, Port of Machias. 

Sir Machias June 1785 

Inclosed you have an ace 1 of Light Money collected in my 
office by which you will observe a bal c of £16 ..4.. 5 in my 
hands, which I shall Transmit by M r John Palfrey who Sails 
from this in a few Days — the want of a safe & good oppor- 
tunity has prevented my sending it before this 

I am respectfully, Sir your most Ob 1 Hble Sv 1 
N Off Port of Machias Stephen Smith 

Superscribed: Thomas Ivers Esq r Treasurer, Boston. 

Report of Committee on Unappropriated Lands. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts — 

June 1, 1785 

The Committee appointed by a Resolve of the 28 th of Oct r 

A. D. 1783. on the subject of unappropriated lands in the 

County of Lincoln and by a Resolve of the 10 th of March 

A. D. 1785 — to sell sundry parcels of lands belonging to 



12 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

this Commonwealth and lying in the Comity of Cumberland 
— take leave to report, that agreeable to the Resolves of the 
General court they have attended in their office in Boston on 
the first and third Wednesdays and Thursdays in each month, 
and at such other times as the business assigned them particu- 
larly required — 

The Committee since their appointment have received the 
applications of persons settled on the lands of Government in 
the County of Lincoln, who have expressed a Desire that the 
lands whereon they are settled may be granted and confirmed 
to them, on such terms as Government shall think reasonable, 
for about one hundred thousand acres exclusive of the twelve 
townships so called — 

The Committee have also received applications from per- 
sons who have expressed a Desire to become purchasers of 
the unappropriated lands of the Commonwealth in that 
County for several tracts amounting, in the whole, to three 
hundred & thirty thousand acres or more ; about two hundred 
thousand acres of which lye in the neighbourhood of Penob- 
scott river, the Waldo and Indian Lands, and which cannot 
be located or disposed of till the boundaries of the Grant to 
Beauchamp & Leverett, and the authenticity of the Indian 
titles to lands on that river are assertained. — 

The Committee have surveyed and located about one hun- 
dred and eighty seven thousand acres of said unappropriated 
lands, the expence of which surveys amount to two hundred 
& fifty pounds being one farthing and one third of a farthing 
per acre nearley — 

And further to forward those surveys the present year the 
Committee have engaged Rufus Putnam Esq 1- and three 
other surveyors to act under him, with eighteen hands as 
chainmen; &c. to proceed next week, with six months pro- 
visions, to the County of Lincoln to continue the surveys 
begun the last year, in the passamaquoddy Country — to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 13 

survey some Islands, and other lands in that County — the 
chainmen at three pounds per month, and the said under 
surveyors at six, seven, and eight, and the said Putnam at 
twelve shillings per day — 

The Committee are induced to forward the surveys the 
present year considerably, that they may have in readiness 
for sale different tracts of said lands to suit different pur- 
chasers ; and because they are induced to believe they cannot, 
after the present year, have the assistance of their first and 
principal surveyor — 

The Committee have advertised the lands already sur- 
veyed for sale, with a description of the quality and situation 
thereof, by dispersing printed advertisements in the several 
parts of the Commonwealth — 

The Committee have also entered into several contracts 
with purchasers of the aforesaid" unappropriated lands in the 
County of Lincoln — with Moses Knap Esq r and Company — 
James Swan Esq r — Col Paul D Sargent — Col° Allen — 
Col Eddy and others which, together with the proposals made 
respecting the five townships amount to twenty thousand 
pounds in Government securities, and the lands sold & con- 
tracted for, amount to about seventy nine thousand acres, and 
average at the price of four shillings one farthing per acre 
nearly, and the expences of laying out and selling said lands 
are hitherto something less than two per Cent on the proceeds 
of the rates considering said securities at their nominal 
value. — 

The Committee are fully convinced that the rate of the 
unappropriated lands of the Commonwealth in the County 
of Lincoln would be greatly expedited by assertaining, as 
soon as possible, the bounds of the grant to Beauchamp and 
Leverett and the lands to be held by the Penobscott Indians — 
as the lands on penobscott river, and between that and Kenne- 
beck river from their quality and central situation appear 



14 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

by the applications of purchasers for them to be much more 
saleable than any other hinds in that County The Com- 
mittee have attended to the Claims of the Plymouth Com- 
pany so called, and shall in a day or two report a Statement 
thereof — and as soon as may be a statement of the other 
Claims laid before them to the lands in that County wherein 
the Commonwealth appears to be interested — 

S. Phillips jun r \ 
Nath 1 Wells ! Committee 
Nathan Dane / 
In Senate June 1 — 1785 — 

Read and Committed to Richard Cranch & Josiah Thatcher 
Esq rs with such as the Hon ble House shall join — 

Sent down for concurrence S. Phillips j r Presid* 

In the House of Representatives June 2 d 1785 

Read and concurred & M r Shepherd, M r Choate & M r 

Jones are joined 

Nathaniel Gorham Speaker 



Petition of Selectmen of Falmouth. 

To the Honorable Senate, and the Honorable House of Rep- 
resentatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts — 
in General Court assembled — 

The Petition of the Subscribers — Selectmen of the Town 
of Falmouth in the County of Cumberland — humbly 
sheweth — 

That about thirty years ago the General Court of the said 
Commonwealth granted a Lottery for the building of a 
Bridge over Pesumpscot River in said Town of Falmouth — 
That a Bridge was accordingly built over said River — but 
is now very much out of repair and indeed is in such a Con- 
dition that it is become dangerous to pass over the same — 
That the Town is not liable to maintain the same, nor is it 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 15 

possible under the present circumstances attending it, which 
will be particularly represented to your Honors by Joseph 
Xoyes Esq the Bearer hereof to have it repaired, without the 
interfering Aid of this Honorable Court — 

It is a Bridge necessary to be pass'd by all who travel to 
the County of Lincoln and the eastern part of this County 
and would be of very great public advantage if it were in 
good Repair 

Your Petitioners therefore in behalf of this Town in par- 
ticular — and to benefit & accommodate the Country in Gen- 
eral — humbly pray that your Honours would grant a Lottery 
for the purpose of repairing said Bridge, & keeping the same 
in good repair in time to come — and as no Lottery since that 
above mentioned has been granted to this part of the common- 
wealth for any purpose whatever — they humbly hope your 
Honors will not deny their request — And as in duty bound 

will pray 

Nath 1 Earll, 

Joseph ISToyes, 

Falmouth, June 1, 1785 James Frost. 



John M c Crachen Petition. 

The honourable the Senate and House of Representatives of 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 
The Petition of John Mackriken most humbly sheweth 
That he served on board the Sloop Providence in the ex- 
pedition against Penobscut in the year 1779, that after the 
destruction of the fleet, your Petitioner, having received a 
bad wound in his heel, and having suffered much in passing 
the Woods, proceeded to Boston, from whence he went to 
Charlestown on board the Ship Providence, and was among 
the prisoners at the surrender of that place — Your Peti- 
tioner not having received his Wages for the term of Service 



16 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

before mentioned, nor any other recompence — he therefore 
requests your Honours will consider his unfortunate circum- 
stances and allow him such compensation for his services & 
sufferings as to your Honours shall seem meet — 

and your Petitioner as in Duty bound will ever pray 

John X M c Craken 

mark 



Petition of Moses Ames in behalf of town of Fryeburg. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To the Honourable the Senate and the House of Representa- 
tives in General Court assembled June 1785 

The Memoreal of Moses Ames in behalf of the Town of 
Fryeburg humbly Shewith, That the Town of Fryeburg was 
Doom d in the Valuation Settled in the Year 1778, by Reason 
of their not Receiving the Requisition from the General 
Court, ordering them to Render an account, of the Polls, and 
Rateable Estate, within said Town, till after the Valuation 
was Settel'd — that upon Aplication being made to the General 
Court in the year 1780, the Court Resolv d that the assessors 
of said Town Should Stay all Proceedings on the then Last 
tax act till Provision of the Valuation Should take place — 

That on application being made to the General Court in 
the year 1781, Febr y 16 th The General Court Resolv d That 
the Treasurer of the Commonwealth be Directed to Stay all 
Executions from the Town of Fryeburg untill Further order 
of the Generall Court, provided said Town of Fryeburg, 
pays in the one half of all Taxes laid on said Town, Since the 
Last Valuation was taken — Your Memoreilist begs Leave to 
observe that the Town of Fryeburg was Doom d more than 
Double what it ought to have ben as appears by the Settle- 
ment of the last valuation, and Still Stands Charg d on the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 17 

Treasurers Book, for the whole Sum (Except the Gold and 
Silver Tax) 

Your Memoreilist humbly prayes that this Honr bl Court 
would Excuse the Town of Fryeburg from such a part of all 
the Taxes laid on them as may by the last Valuation appear 
more than their just proportion by Being Doom d as aforesaid, 
or Releave the said Town as your Wisdom Shall see fitt — 
and your Memorilist as in Duty bound Ever prayes — 

Moses Ames 



Report on Returns for Continental Valuation. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives June 1785 

the Committee appointed to Examin what Returns have 
been made into the Secretarys office from the Several towns 
for taking the Continental valuation, Beg Leave to Report 
the following State of facts viz. 

that they find many of the Returns made not to be accord- 
ing to Law, many of them are made in Gross and without a 
Certificate from a Justice of the peace of the assessors having 
taken the oath as pointed out in the Law for taking said 
valuation 

and many towns have not made any Return at all which 
are as follows viz 

Brookline Salam Greenwich, Granville, Colerain, War- 
wick, Ervingshier, Chesterfield Gore, Merryfield, Plantation 
iSTo 7, Duxborough, Eastham, Rainham, Massabeseck, San- 
ford, Limerick, Little Falls, Parsonsfield, Upton, Holden, 
Duglas, Harpswell, Gray, Royalsborough, Raymondstown, 
Bakerstown, Georgetown, Xew Castel, Woolwich, Winthrop, 
Waldoborough, Bristol, St Georges, Meduncook, Walpole, 
Howardstown, Xorridgewalk, Sterlington, Lewistown, Ball- 
town, Xew Ashford. 



18 DOCUMENTARY HISTOE1 

Report of Committee on Lands in County of Lincoln* 

Commonweal tli of Massachusetts 

In Senate, June 3 d — 1785 

The Committee of both Houses to whome was committed 
the Report of the Hon: Samuel Phillips jun r and Others a 
Committee appointed on the Subject of unappropriated lands 
in the County of Lincoln &c — Have attended that Service, 
and ask Leave to report as their Opinion, that the said Com- 
mittee have thus far conducted that intricate and laborious 
Business in such a Manner as does Honour to their Abilities 
and will prove greatly beneficial to the Commonwealth. And 
your Committee farther report as their Opinion that it will 
be for the publick Interest, and greatly expedite the im- 
portant Business in which that Committee is engaged, that the 
Report of a Committee of both Houses made to the last Gen 1 
Court, respecting the Bounds of the Grant to Beauchamp and 
Leverett, should be immediately taken up and acted upon. 

All which is humbly submitted 

Richard Cranch p r Order 

In Senate June 3 d 1785 — 
Read & Accepted 

Sent down for concurrence 

S. Phillips jun r Presid 1 
In the House of Representatives June 3 d 1785 

Read & concurred ISfath Gorham Speaker 



In re TJnppropriated Lands in County of Lincoln. 

The Committe appointed by a Resolve of the General Court 
of the 28 th of Oct 1 " 1783, on the subject of unappropriated 
lands in the County of Lincoln received from Rufus Putnam 
Esq r on the 17 th of Nov r last a plan of seven townships on the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 19 

Passamaquoddy River & Bay, & lying between the Rivers 
Schoodie & Cobscook, together with Moose Island, Dudley's 
Island & Trade Island, all surveyed by him, on which is 
represented the mouth of the Maggaeadava, as taken from an 
Hallifax plan. — they have also received a return of the 
quantity and quality of the land in each Township, and also 
of the names of those who have entered thereon : — The Com- 
mittee immediately proceeded to advertize in the Independent 
Chronicle, and in the Essex, Springfield & Worcester News- 
papers, the Townships & Islands above mentioned, giving a 
general description of the situation & quality of the same, & 
notifying the times & places, where more particular Intelli- 
gence might be obtained concerning them. 

None of the land above mentioned has yet been sold, but 
there are some who propose to purchase if they should approve 
of the soil, & are waiting untill the removal of the snow will 
admit of their forming a better Judgment of its quality. 

On the 17 th of December last, an agreement was made by 
your Committee to sell to Jonathan Eddy Esq 1 " & his Asso- 
ciates, a Township on the east side of Penobscot River, above 
the head of the tide, adjoyning on the lands lately surveyed 
by Barnabas Dodge & on the said River, the same to contain 
twenty five thousand acres, including a landing place) three 
acres of the land lying on the northwesterly corner of the 
lands, lately surveyed by the said Dodge, & exclusive of 
lakes, — the said Town ship to extend six miles back from 
the said River, — reserving two hundred acres of good land, 
near the center of the said Township for the future disposi- 
tion of Government, — And the said Eddy agreed to pay to 
your Committee the sum of eight thousand dollars in the 
consolidated Securities of the Commonwealth, as soon as a 
deed of the said land shall be ready to be delivered, and the 

like sum of eight thousand dollars in like manner, in one 

year from the delivery of the said deed & to give satisfactory 



20 DOCl.M KVl Al.Y HISTORY 

Becurity for the last mentioned sum; — And the said Eddy 
further agreed to produce evidence to the General Court that 
the Penohscot Indians have relinquished their pretensions 
to the said Township, & to settle thereon, thirty families in 
one year from the first day of June next, & to appropriate 
two hundred acres to the use of the ministry; two hundred 
acres to the use of the first settled minister & two hundred & 
eighty acres to the use of a grammar School in the said 
Township, near the center thereof; — but it was nevertheless 
provided, that if the General Court shall not approve of the 
said agreement, that the same shall be null & void. — 

Your Committee on the 14th of this instant February 
agreed with Robert Page of Winthrop to sell to him, or to 
him & his Associates a gore of land adjoining to Livermore's 
town, containing about six thousand seven hundred acres, in- 
cluding ponds & bogs, for the sum of five thousand dollars, 
one half to be paid on or before the first Wednesday of June 
next, when a deed of the same is to be given, and the other 
half to be paid in one year afterward. 

Your Committee have lately received from Rufus Putnam 

Esq 1 " a letter on the subject of the eastern boundary of this 

Commonwealth, which they apprehend contains matter that 

merits the attention of the Legislature which is herewith 

presented. Sam 1 Phillips jun r \ 

Nath 1 Wells Comm e 

Nathan Dane / 

In Senate March 8, 1785 

Read & sent down, 

S Adams Presid 1 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives March 14 1785 
On the Petition of William McCobb Esq 1- Order'd that the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 21 

Petitioner serve Thomas McGuyer with an attested Copy of 

his said Petition and this Order thereon fifteen Days before 

the second Tuesday of the next Session of the General Court 

to the End he may shew Cause on the same Tuesday if any 

he have why the Prayer of the said Petition should not be 

granted 

Sent up for concurrence 

Sam A Otis Spk r 
In Senate March 17 th 1785 

Read and Concurred 

S Adams Presid* 



Declaration of Thos. Boyd Jr. 

I Thomas Boyd jun r of Lawful Age do testify and Say, That 
Sum time in the year of our Lord 1781 I was in company 
With Tho s McGuyer and the Hon. Timothy Langdon Esq r 
at which time the said McGuyer was adviseing with the said 
Langdon Respecting a matter between him his Father & 
Eben r Fullerton against Justice Will m McCobb. of Boothbay 
about altering certain notes that as I understood was Given 
by the said McGuyers & Foolerton for cost of their being 
committed to Goal & taken out (or admitt by advice of certain 
leading men of the County to come out.) for their being 
suspected to be persons Enemical to the United States of 
America ; After M r Langdon had inquired into the matter 
and Examined the Said McGuyers papers, he advis d the said 
McGuyer, for one of them to bring an Action first against 
Justice McCobb, and the other two wou d be allow d Evidences 
& if that one recover 3 the other might bring his action at the 
next Court & the third at a third Court, & Stil their wou d be 
two for Evidences ; but M r Langdon said if they recovered on 
the first action, the other two Justice McCobb wou d Settle as 
they ware all cimelar — Afterwards I heard the McGuyers 



22 DOCr.MKNTAKY HISTORY 

and fuller ton agree for Tho 8 to bring his Action first and old 
M r Patrick McGuyer told me they were all to bare an Equal 
proportion of the Cost — And I very well remember that I 
was at pownalborough Court (I think the first tuesday of 
Sept r the same year) when the cases of Tho s McGnyer v s S d 
McCobb came to a hearing & Justice McCobb I understood 
recover* Cost & McGuyer appeal d to the Supreme Judicial 
Court: however in the mean time at Said Court patrick 
McGuyer told me that he & Fullerton attended Court there 
at their own Expence and that they had Fee d a Lawyer. I 
think he mentioned Coll r Taylor & that he gave two Dollars 
out of his own pocket to pleed the caus for Tho s McGuyer. 
Sum time afterwards I hapn d to be in company with the two 
McGuyers & they both requested of me to try to get Justice 
McCobb to leve the matter to Arbitration for they did not 
want to go to the Supreme judicial Court with it, (or to that 
Aifect) and agreable to the s d Request I took an opportunity 
k talk d with Justice McCobb about the matter, the said 
McCobb said he wou d consider about it, until another oppor- 
tunity and afterwards he told me he wou d concent to leve the 
matter to arbitration — And afterwards, a few days, I hapned 
to be in company with the two McGuyers & Fullerton & told 
them that Justice McCobb had consented to leve the matter 
to Arbitration, they three then went by themselves and had 
a long conference in private — a fue days afterwards I saw 
patrick McGuyer who then told me he had been to M r 
Langdon advisery about the Matter, and Shewed me a Letter 
Sign d by the s d Langdon, directed to Tho 8 McGuyer adviseing 
him by no means to sign joint Bond with his Father and 
Fullerton or it wou d distroy their Evidance (as I understood 
being Evidances for one another) but Each to give and take 
Seprate Bonds — soon after a time and place was appointed 
for the parties to meet to come under Bonds, and agreable 
thereto the parties met, I hapned to be present, and the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 23 

McGuyers & Fullerton Sign d Seprate Bonds to Justice Mc- 
Cobb & he to them to leve the matter to the determination 
of John Stinson Esq 1 * Nath 1 Thwing Esq r & Deacon Edw d 
Young and after the signing and delivery of those Bonds I 
heard Justice McCobb ask Tho 8 McGuyer whether he was 
amind to have Lawyers to pleed befor the arbitrators for he 
wanted them to know that he might prepare himself accord- 
ingly — I heard Tho s McGuyer ask his Father what whas 
best, and the old Gentleman advis d to have none, and finaly 
it was agreed upon by the parties to have no attorneys to 
pleed before the Arbitration but each party pleed for them- 
selves — 

When the Arbitrators met to decide the matter I was call d 
upon as an Evidence and heard the whole trial — and Justice 
Langdon appear'd as an attorney for the McGuyers & Fuller- 
ton to pleed their caus, before the Arbitrators, Justice Mc- 
Cobb objected against it, mentioning the agreement that no 
attorneys was to pleed on Either side, and that he was no 
weis prepar d to the contrary of that agreement — Justice 
Langdon notwithstanding insisted on pleading the caus of 
the McGuyers side let the consequence be what it wou'd for 
he said he had a right to pleed before any Court whatever. 
Then Justice McCobb moov d for a continuance until he cou d 
Send for an Attorney to pleed on his side so as to have an 
Equal chance with the advance party — which continuance 
was Granted, & Justice McCobb Sent for me, and the Mes- 
senger next day return* & brought intelegence that the gen 1 
he sent for was Engag d & cou d not come — after which Justice 
McCobb concented to let the matter come to a hearing not- 
withstanding their having the advantage of a Lawyer & he 
none — I well remember upon trial of the caus that Justice 
McCobb had one Cap n Ichabod Pinkham there as an Evidence 
in the caus and the Arbitrators refus d to admit him to give 
Evidance for no other reason as I understood than that he 



24 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

was one of the first Complainers against the s d McGuyers & 
Fullerton for their being Enemieal against the States & that 
they Suppos d he receiv d part of the money the s d McGuyers & 
Fullerton paied on that Account And I heard Justice Lang- 
don Say after the award was given in that he call d himself a 
very good hand to make up a bill of cost (or words to that 
affect) and that the arbitrators had allow d his cliants all their 
demands Excepting a few shillings — I well remember that 
patrick McGuyer & Ebenezer Fullerton was allow d Evidences 
before the Arbitrators in the caus of Tho s McGuyer against 
Justice McCobb — and further saith not — 

Tho B Boyd jun r 
Lincoln Ss June 21 8t 1784 

Then the above named Thomas Boyd personally appeared 

and made Oath to the truth of the foregoing Declaration by him 

subscribed before me 

Will™ Lithgow J. Peace — 



Comonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives March 14, 1785 

On the Petition of William McCobb Esq 1 " orderd that the 

Petitioner serve Thomas McGuyer with an attested Copy of 

his said Petition and this Order thereon fifteen Days before 

the second Tuesday of the next Session of the General Court 

to the End he may shew Cause on the same tuesday if any he 

have why the Prayer of the said Petition should not be 

granted 

Sent up for concurrence 

Sam A Otis Spk r 

In Senate March 17 th 1785 
Read and Concurred 

S Adams Presid 1 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 25 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives June 11, 1785. 

On the Petition of William McCobb Esq r Ordered that the 

Petitioner serve Ebenezer Fullerton with an attested Copy 

of his said Petition and this Order thereon Twenty Days 

before the second Tuesday of the next Sitting of the General 

Court, that he may then shew Cause (if any he has) why 

the Prayer of said Petition should not be granted. — 

Sent up for concurrence 

Nath 1 Gorham Speaker 



Testimony of Andrew Wall. 

Andrew Wall of Lawfull Age, Testifies, that in February in 
the year A. D. 1780 that he was Summon 15 as an Evidence 
Respecting an examination or trial before Justice McCobb 
of Boothbay of Ebenezer Fullerton, Patrick McGuier and 
Tho s McGuier all of Boothbay, which three parsons were 
complained against to s d Justice of their Corrasponding with 
the Enemies of America at Begeduce & elsewhare, when the 
above three persons were Conven d before Said Justice they 
were Required by the Justice to take the Oath of Fidility or 
Alleigance to the State of Massachusetts, but they all Refus d 
taking said Oath, and after the matter being debated betwen 
them and ye Justice for about the Space of three Hours 
Fullerton & the two McGuiers went to Bed, next morning 
the Justice finding them obstinate in not taking Said oath, 
Said Justice Sent them all three to Goal, I being one of the 
Guard to Convey them to the said Goal and on our way 
thither and as Justice McCobb was not far behind who fol- 
lowed us to Wilscasset Point, I persuaded one of the Mc- 
Guiers to take y e above oath who answar d he wo'd be Dam d if 
ever he wou'd take said oath, when we got to the goal Fuller- 



26 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

ton and the two mcGuiers plead with the offier who had them 
in Custody not to put them in goal, and that thay wou'd take 
the oath next morning & go horn togather, next morning they 
went to Esq r Bowmans to have the oath administr d to them 
but he declin'd their Request and told them it was most 
proper for Justice McCobb to admitt them to their oaths, 
upon which they desired Esq 1- Bowman to write a few lines 
to Justice McCobb desiring him to Com and administer the 
oath to them and that they wou'd be willing to pay all the 
Cost that had hitherto arisen, — Sometime after I think about 
a day or two, I was Requested at Booth Bay by Justice 
McCobb to call the Committee of Safeity to gather to see if 
said Commitee would Consent that Justice McCobb Should 
Release the three prisoners viz 1 Ebenezer Fullerton, Patterick 
McGuier & Thomas McGuier 

afterwards I was present at an arbitration on a dispute 
betwen Justice McCobb & Tho 8 McGuier, and that Ebenezer 
Fullerton was admitted to give evidence for Tho 8 McGuier, 
and farther Saith not. — 

Andrew X Wall 
Lincoln Ss June 21 Bt 1784 mark 

then personally appeared the within named Andrew Wall 

and made Oath to the Truth of the within Declaration by him 

subscribed before me 

Will" 1 Lithgow J Peace 

Bill for Limiting Personal Actions to the County wherein 
One of the Parties Dwell. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the Year of Our Lord one thousand seven hundred and 
cightyfive. 

An Act for limiting the institution of personal Actions to 
the County wherein one of the parties dwell — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 27 

Whereas some of the inhabitants of this Commonwealth have 
been sued into distant & remote Counties where neither of the 
parties dwelt, whereby the costs have been greatly encreased : 
— for the prevention whereof — 

Be it Enacted by the Senate & House of Representatives in 
General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same, 
that all personal Actions between party & party, shall be 
commenced & prosecuted in the County where the a plaintiff or 
the Defendant lives, & not in any other County ; and any per- 
sonal action that is or may be brought b in any County whereof 
neither of the parties c is an inhabitant d shall abate and the 
Defendant shall recover double costs of suit — 
In Senate June 8, 1785 — 

This Bill having had two several readings passed 
Sent down for concurrence 

S Phillips jr Presid 4 

In the House of Representatives June 21, 1785. 

to be Engrossed 
This Bill having had three several Readings passed a con- 
currence to be Engrossed as taken into a new draught 
Sent up for concurrence 

Nathaniel Gorham Spk r 
In Senate July 1 st 1785. 

This Bill having had two several readings passed to be 

Engross'd as taken into new Draft 

Sent down for concurrence 

Sam 1 Phillips jun r Presid 1 



Rebelling Confiscated Estates in the County of Cumberland. 

To the Hon ble Senate, & the Honorable House of Representa- 
tives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General 
Court assembled June 1785. 



28 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

May it please your Honors 

We the Subscribers, a Committee for selling confiscated 
Estates in the County of Cumberland, having lately received 
a Resolve of the General Court, to make sale of the Estate 
of Francis Waldo Esq 1- late of Falmouth in said County, an 
absentee — beg leave with all deference, to offer your Honors 
their Sentiments upon the Subject — 

1. As, in obedience to said Resolve, they have considered 
it their duty to advertise the said Lands for Public Sale, they 
judge in the part of the State where money is extremely 
scarce, they will be sold for but a small part of their real 
value. 

2. — We are informed, that Brig Waldo, whose Debts, by 
said Resolve, the said Treas Waldo's Estate is to pay one 
fifth part of — had near a thousand Acres of Land in this 
Town — and a large quantity in the County of Lincoln (not 
yet divided among his Heirs, which we think ought in the 
first place to be appropriated to pay his Debts, before any 
part of Francis Waldo's Estate is sold for that purpose — and 

3. The said Francis Waldo as we are also informed, has 
also a large quantity of Land in the said County of Lincoln, 
which has not been confiscated and which we humbly think 
ought to be applied to the payment of the said Brigad Waldo's 
Debts, either in whole or in part — & that his whole share 
of Debts ought not to be paid out of the Lands confiscated 
in this County — 

If your Honors should notwithstanding, adhere to said 
Resolve & order the said Land to be sold as therein directed 
we beg leave further to suggest to your Honors the expediency 
of instructing us to give some reasonable Credit for Payment 
— on good Security — 

M r Freeman waits upon your Honors with this Memorial 
and as the 4 th day of July next is fixed upon by the Committee 
in conjunction with M r Wetmore & his Wife Administrators 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 29 

upon the Estate of the said Brig Waldo for the sale of said 
Lands we pray your Honors to order that he be immediately 
notified hereof — and such seasonable instructions given 
us in their Repport as your Honors, in your wisdom shall 
judge best 

And as in duty bound will pray 

John Lewis, Sam 1 Small 
Falmouth May 27, 1785. 
In Senate June 20 th 1785 — 

Order'd that the Petitioners aforesaid have leave to with- 
draw their Petition 

Sam 1 Phillips jun r Presid 1 

In Senate June 21 st 1785 Read, & the above order of 
Senate reconsidered, & thereupon order'd, that this Petition 
be committed to Theodore Sedgwick Esq r with such as the 
Hon ble House shall join 

Sent down for concurrence 

Sam 1 Phillips j r Presid 1 

In the House of Representatives June 24, 1785 

Read & Concurred & M r Choate & M r Noyes are joined 

Nath Gorham Speaker 



Govt's Message. 

Gentlemen of the Senate & Gentlemen of the House of Rep- 
resentatives 
By a Letter I have received from M r James Avery Col- 
lector of Excise at Machias, dated 10 th of May last, he in- 
forms me, that the Fort & Blockhouse at that place, were 
built on land belonging to M r Nathan Longfellow: & that 
said Longfellow had begun to pull down the Blockhouse but 
on his forbiding him, he desisted. — In July 1783 the 



30 DOCr.MK.NlAKV EISTOEY 

General Court passed some Resolves relative to that Fort, 

which afterwards were in part suspended. As ]\I r Avery 

wishes to he instructed on that head, you will please to let 

me know what instructions will he proper to he given him — 

James Bowdoin 
Council Chamber June 25 th 1785 



Beaiichamp & Leverett Resolve. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives June 1785 

The Committee appointed to confer with the Claiments 
under the grant to Beuchamp and Leverett, report by way of 
resolve. 

Resolved that Rufus Putnam Esq 1 * with power of appoint- 
ing a deputy and chairmen all of whom shall be sworn to the 
faithful discharge of their office, be and hereby is impowered 
and directed, to make an accurate survey of the Rivers Ken- 
nebeck and Penobscott and the sea Coasts adjacent, — taking 
the Distance between the said Rivers, at least in three places, 
the highest distance to be taken at the head of the Tide on 
Penobscott River, and keeping a Compleat field Book, of all 
Rivers, Streams, Bays, Ponds and mountains and other re- 
markable places within the said Limitt making all such 
Boundary marks as may be necessary and Lay the same as 
soon as may be before the Justices of the Supreme Judicial 
Court, who are here by impowered and Requested finally to 
determine in Law and equity the boundaries of the patent 
granted to Beaiichamp and Leverett, and the said Justices 
of the said Supreme Judicial Court are hereby impower'd 
to cause Deeds of Quit claim and Division to be executed 
with the aforesaid Patentees, which final Determination 
Shall Bar any and all Demands of this Commonwealth & the 
said Patentees, their heirs and assigns each upon the other 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 31 

Provided that the said Patentees shall be and hereby are 
held bound and Obliged to execute good and sufficient war- 
rantee Deeds in fee simple of one hundred Acres to each and 
every settler who may fall within the aforesaid Patents not 
possessing legal titles, each Letter paying or securing to said 
Patentees the Value of the said hundred Acre Lotts respec- 
tively, which Lotts are to be estimated according to the Value 
of the Land when they severally took possession thereof — 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate March 15 th 1785. 

"Whereas it is highly expedient that the Limits of the Grant 
made by the Council of Plymouth in the year 1629 to Beau- 
champ and Leverett Should be so ascertained, as to avoid all 
future Litigation, or doubt, respecting the same — And 
whereas from a thorough enquiry into the nature and extent 
thereof, it appears to be eligible for this Commonwealth to 
Confirm to those Deriving title from the said Grant a Tract 
of Land equal to a tract thirty Miles Square with the Islands 
contiguous, and that in such form as to give validity to the 
past doing of those deriving title as aforesaid, and with Due 
attention to Individuals who may have made settlements on 
Lands by themselves supposed not to be included within the 
aforesaid Grant, upon such Terms and Conditions as are 
Conservant to the great Principals of Mutual Right and 
equity — Be it therefore 

Resolved that the Legislature will and do hereby Confirm 
to those interested in and Deserving Title from the aforesaid 
Grant — The following tract of Land (to wit) 

Beginning at a Point of Land called Rumsons Point being 
East of the mouth of the River Muscongus and Extending 
up the said River according to its General course into the 
Country as near as may be until it intersects a Line fifteen 
Miles East of Kennebeck Thence Extending northwardly in 



32 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

a line fifteen Miles Distant from the said River Kennebeek 
until it intersects the West line from Penobscot River here- 
after mentioned — Then begining at the aforesaid Rum- 
sons Point and from thence Runing along the Sea Coast and 
by the bay of Penobscot to the mouth of the River Penobscot 
and from thence Extending up the said River to a Stream 
culled Ilathorne Mill Stream from thence Extending a due 
north Course one hundred and five Chains and Twenty six 
Links, and from thence a West Line to be Drawn to the Line 
fifteen miles east of Kennebeek — The same west Line 
being the northern boundary of a Tract of Land assigned to 
William Vossel Richard Leachmore and others named in 
a Deed indorsed and made May 31, 1773 Between Francis 
Waldo Thomas Flueher and Hannah his Wife, and Isaac 
Winslow on the one part, and the said Vossel Leachmore 
and others therein named on the other part as by Referring 
to the same will fully appear — Together with any Island 
whose center falls within Three Miles of any Part of the 
aforesaid thirty Miles Square 

Provided the Premises aforesaid do not interfere with any 
former Grant. 

All of which nevertheless is on the following Conditions, 
that those to whome this Confirmation is made shall pay to 
the Commonwealth the full Value of the surplus Quantity 
of Land if any there be which the aforesaid Deposition upon 
survey thereof shall contain over a Tract equal to thirty 
miles square Exclusive of the Islands aforesaid A Within 
Eighteen months from the Passing this Resolve and the 
Interest for the same from the Time the value of the said 
Surplus Land shall be Determined untill paid and shall 
Submit to such Terms of Settlement of the said Surplus 
Land as the committee appointed for the sale of unappro- 
priated Lands in the County of Lincoln may think Just and 
Equitable, and in order to avoid any Dispute about the part 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 33 

of the aforesaid Land on which the estimate of the said 
Surplus Land Shall be made and Determining the Value 
thereof Be it Resolved that so much of the north part of the 
afore Described Land Extending in Equal Widths from the 
River Penobscot to the Line fifteen miles east of Kennebeck 
as the said surplus shall amount to — and the said Surplus 
land to be paid for at its Value which Value is to be Deter- 
mined by comparing the Situation and Quality of the said 
Lands with the Situation and Quality of other Lands in the 
county of Lincoln which are or may be sold in behalf of the 
Commonwealth, and the value of the said surplus Land to 
be Determined by the Committee appointed to Sell Lands 
in the said County of Lincoln or the Major Part of them, 
in manner, and by the Rules aforesaid B and that all Per- 
sons now in Possession of Lands which may happen to fall 
within the said surplus by actual improvement made thereon, 
and who had such Possession before the first Day of January 
1784 and not by Lawful Deed claiming or holding such 
Possessions under those Interested in and Deriving Title 
from the aforesaid Grant, shall have such A Quantity; 
A thereof conveyed to them by those to whom this confirma- 
tion is made and on such Terms as the Legislature shall 
within One year from the Passing of this Resolve Determine 
D And that those to whom this Confirmation shall enure shall 
make and Execute a Release and Quit Claim of all other 
lands (except those contained in the Discription aforesaid) 
to whom they Claim Title to from the aforesaid Grant to 
Beauchamp and Leverett, and Lodge the Same in the Sec- 
retary's office within three months after the Survey of the 
aforesaid Land shall be Compleated — Provided allways 
that if any of those by whom it is Requisite by this Re- 
solve that the said Release or any convayance shall be 
made are under any Legal Incapacities the Time for Exe- 
cuting the same or their parts shall be Extended untill three 



34 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

months after such Incapacities are Removed and no Longer, 

and that Xo Right or Rights which may have escheated to 

this Commonwealth be included in the said Confirmation — 

Sent down for concurrence 

S Adams Sec y 

In Senate March 17,1785. 

Read again & thereupon Ordered that the foregoing Re- 
solves pass with the following amendments, viz: 

At A dele "thereof" & insert — of the said surplus lands. 
Sent down for concurrence 

S Adams Presid 1 

At A insert and that the whole quantity of land contained 
within the aforesaid description upon actual survey thereof 
shall not exceed 100,000 acres over a tract equal to thirty 
miles square — 

At B insert and as those to whom this confirmation is 
to enure are desireous of haveing provision herein made for 
the security of individuals that j)re in possession of lands 
within the description aforesaid upon terms of mutual equity 
it is further conditioned 

At D insert and that all persons having such possession 
of lands within the thirty miles square shall each have 100 
acres thereof conveyed to them by those to whom this con- 
firmation shall enure at the original value thereof before any 
such improvements were made thereon .upon application 
made for such conveyance within eighteen months from the 
passing of this resolve which value in all instances where 
the parties cannot agree shall be ascertained in the following 
manner to wit one person appointed on the part of the pur- 
chaser one on the part of those to whom this confirmation 
shall enure and one by the committee for the sale of unap- 
propriated lands in the County of Lincoln the judgement of 
any two of whom to be binding 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 35 

Amendments proposed by y e Com of y e House in the Re- 
solve of Senate of 19 March 1785 May Session 1785 

"Beginning at the point of Land east of the mouth of the 
river Muscongus, or Medumuc, thence extending up the said 
river according to the general course thereof into the Country 
thirty miles — then running from the aforesaid point of 
Land along the seacoast, and by the bay of Penobscot, to the 
mouth of the river Penobscot, and thence extending up the 
said river, Penobscot, untill right line drawn from it, to the 
extreme northerly part of the Muscongus line first men- 
tioned shall give & complete a tract of Land, equal to a tract 
of Land of thirty miles square, together with all Islands 
whose center falls within three miles of any part of the 
lands before described — " not agreed to 



Action on petition Administrators Waldo Estate. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate June 28 th 1785 
Whereas by a Resolve on the petition of William Wetmore 
& Sarah Wetmore Adm rs on the Estate of the late Brigadier 
Waldo deceas' d "The estate confiscated in the County of 
Cumberland as the estate of Francis Waldo Esq. or such part 
thereof as was unsold on the same ninth day of Feb y is held 
and applied to the payment of the said Francis proportion, 
being one fifth part of such legal debts & demands against the 
late Brigadier Waldo Esq 1 * on the same day According to law 
remained unsatisfied ; & whereas in justice & equity the said 
confiscated estate ought not to pay but apart (if any) of the 
said Francis Waldo's proportion of the debts & demands 
aforesaid. Therefore 



36 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Resolved. That the said Resolve on tlie petition of the said 
William & Sally Admrs. as aforesaid be, and it hereby is re- 
pealed, and made null & void to all intents and purposes what- 
ever. 

Sent down for concurrence 

Sam 1 Phillips j r — Presid' 



Waldo Claim. 

The committee who were directed to confer with the claim- 
ants under the Patent of Beauchamp & Leverett, upon the 
subject of laying out a tract of land equall to a tract of land 
thirty miles square have attended that service & report, that 
the bounds of said land begin at the point of land east of the 
mouth of the river Muscongus, or Medomick & thence extend- 
ing up said river according to the general course thereof to the 
Medomick falls, & thence by a due north line till it shall inter- 
sect the easterly line of the plymouth patent, unless previously 
to such intersection it shall have ascended so far as that by 
turning it a due east course it shall leave a tract of land 
between the first mentioned line beginning at y e mouth of 
y e river Muscongus or Medomick, as aforesaid, on the west — 
the seacoast on the south, & the Bay or river of Penobscot on 
the east, equal to a tract of land of thirty miles square — 
But if said line, ascending from the Medomick falls, shall 
intersect the easterly line of the plymouth patent, before a 
due east line as aforesaid shall describe a tract of land equal 
to a tract of thirty miles square, then to ascend by the said 
easterly line of the plymouth patent till a line drawn due 
east shall contain a tract of land eqnall to a tract of thirty 
miles square within the bounds as aforesaid. 
July 1, 1785 IS T ot accepted. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 37 

Petition of Francis Shirtleff and testimony in case. 

To the Hon ble the Senate & House of Representatives In Gen- 
eral Court Assembled 
The Petition of Francis Shurtleff in Behalf of The Town 
of Plymton in the County of Plymouth Most humbly Shew- 
eth, that Said Town was Served By one Isaiah Cushman of 
North Yarmouth & summon* 1 to appear at Falmouth: in the 
County of Cumberland which they Did in October Last but 
By Reson of the Indispersion of Sume of the Judges of the 
Court The Action Could Not be Tryed & the Said Court was 
Agorned To the Fourth , Tuesday of may Last & the Said 
action Continued to be Tried at the Agornment of the Said 
Court the Town of Plymton Imployed an Atturney to appear 
For them on may Last at said Court And Carry on ther Case 
but they ware So unfortunate that their atturney Did not at- 
tend Said Court by Reson of his being Sick as we are since 
Informed By which Reson your Petitioners ware Defalted 
there Being No Body to appear For them in a Case which 
they think Verry unjust they Therefore Pray that your 
honours would Take their Case into their wise Consideration 
& Grant that they may have a Rehearing In such a way & 
manner as your honours shall Think Fit & that Execusion 
Shall be staid in same Time — which your Petisioners as in 

Duty Bound Shall Ever Pray 

Francis Shurtleff 
July 1, 1785. 



To Whom it may concern this may certify that M r Kimball 
Prince of Kingstown was at the House of the subscriber this 
morning the Subsciriber Heard Said M r Prince Tell Cap* 
Shurtlief that when he was at the house of Isaiah Cushman 
said Cushman shewed to him a Notification to appear before 



38 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Great «fc General Court to shew cause if any he had why 

there should not be a Rehearing of the case betwene him & the 

Town of Plumton, that the said Prince said he told him lie 

intended to Appear — 

attest Samuel Foster 
Boston 27th October 1785. 



At a Town meeting held at Plymton June y e 18 th 1785 at 

s d meeting the Town Voted and Chose Cap 1 Frances Shurt- 

liff an Ageant to Petition the grate and General Court for 

a Rehearing of a Case in Law with Isaiah Cushman of North 

yarmouth 

A True Cope a Test 

Jyrhemiah Perkins Town Clerk 

Plymton June y e 20 th 1785 

Newbury port June 8 1785 
Sir 

I sat out on my Journey to attend Falmouth Court to be 
held ye 4 th Tuesday of May by adjournment, but was taken 
sick at Wells and obliged to return — I wrote to ]\I r Froth- 
ingham the Bearer of this respecting the Action of Cushman 
against the Inhabitants of Plympton in particular and re- 
quested him in behalf of said Inhabitants for whom I was 
engaged to get it continued on account of my inability to 
attend on their behalf or if he could not, to carry it up by 
demurrer, but I am this moment informed by him that the 
Court would not continue it, and the Ptt s Council would not 
consent to a demurrer ; & therefore he supposed the Inhabitants 
to be defaulted without defence & did not appeal — I am 
surprised he did not plead to issue & appeal. But as the 
matter is circumstanced, There cant be a doubt, but upon 
your immediately petitioning the General Court, they will 
order the Execution to stay, and the default to be taken off 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 39 

and the Inhabitants to be admitted to make defence next 
Terme. — I would advise yon to do it without delay while 
the Bearer M r Frothingham is in town who can move the 
facts necessary to support the Petition — 

I would have drawn one for you but he is in hast & cannot 
stay. 

It is very unfortunate for you, & had I failed you on any 

other account than sickness I should have been very uneasy 

about it ; & I cannot but think it very hard as a town was 

concerned & their Council sick that neither a Continuance 

nor Demurrer could be obtained — but the action defaulted — 

especially where there was such good ground for defending 

the action — 

I am Sir Your very hum bl Serv 1 

Theop Bradbury 

W Francis Shurtliff 



Petition of Inhabitants of Majorbigwaduce. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 
To the honorable the Senate of said Commonwealth — 
The Inhabitants of Majorbigwaduce humbly shews 
That the Bill for their Incorporation into a Township by 
the name of Penobscot, now laying before your Honors, was 
brought before the Legislature by the express Permission of 
the two Houses in Consequence of the Report of the re- 
spectable Committee appointed by the Government for the 
Sale of Eastern Lands &c & which Report was founded on 
the Petition of a very large Majority of the said Inhabitants, 
praying for Aid & Relief in their unfortunate Circumstances ; 
Your Petitioners would beg leave humbly to suggest to your 
Honors that there are One hundred & thirty Families & up- 
wards settled within the Limits mentioned in the Bill who 
for several Years during the late War laboured under various 



40 DOCUMENTAET HISTORY 

Distresses & Difficulties from being under the Controul & 
within the Power of the British Troops ; That since the Peace 
they have been exceedingly desirous of being the liege sub- 
jects & useful Citizens of this Commonwealth, to discharge 
the Duties, pay the Taxes & enjoy the Eights common to the 
other Inhabitants of the State, & for these interesting & sub- 
stantial Ends, they have sollicited for the Privileges an- 
nexed to a Corporation, which being an Incorporeal Heredita- 
ment can in no wise determine the Right of Sail to belong to 
your Petitioners, who are ready to treat with the Government 
for whatever Estate they possess in the whole of said Lands 
as soon as the State Agents shall think proper to make an 
Offer to the Individuals who compose the Plantation on the 
Subject, but as the Purchase of the Soil is to be individually 
made, the Town would have nothing to do with it as a Corpo- 
ration & consequently the Bill which we humbly pray your 
Honors Assent to could in no wise affect the Bargain ; Your 
Petitioners are Citizens of the Commonwealth & compose 
a larger number of Inhabitants than many Towns in the State, 
they pray to become useful by being incorporated & to feel 
themselves members of the Government by enjo}ang the 
Privileges common to its other subjects. 
For & in behalf of said Inhabitants 
Joseph Hibbert, W m Tudor [-Their Agents & Attorneys 
Boston 1 st July 1785. 

Account of Light Money Received between the 18 th day of 
March to the 31 st of July 1785 at the Port of Passama- 
quody amount £1 ..6 ..6 

Errors Excepted 

Lew 3 Fred k Delesderniers Naval Officer 
Sworn to before me 
Ja s Avery 
Port of Passamaquody August 27 th 1785. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 41 

Port of Passamaquody Aug 29 th 1785 
Honb le Sir 

I have the Honour to Inclose an Acct of all the Light 
Money received at this office, Also the Bond I am to Give 
in Consequence of my Appointment to the Naval Office, 
which coud not before be Transmited, there being no Majes- 
trait in this District. Esq 1- Avery being at this Juncture 
here I Compleated the matter as p r his Certificate herewith — 

The Am 1 of Light Money I Remit p r Capt n McGuire thro 
the Hands of the Honb 1 Caleb Davis Esq 1- you will be pleased 
when Received to Grant the necessary Acquaintances. 

I have the Honour to be with all Respect Sir, Your verry 

Humble servant 

Lew 8 Fred k Delesdernier 



The Govt's Speech to the Gen 1 Court Oct r 20, 1785. 

Gentlemen of the Senate and Gentlemen of the House of 
Representatives — 
Before I offer any new business for your consideration, it 
is proper you should be informed what has been done in re- 
gard to divers matters, which have already been the subjects 
of your Acts and Resolutions. Accordingly I should inform 
you : That another Commissioner is authorized to settle ac- 
counts between the United States and this Commonwealth, 
and will probably be here in a few days to enter upon the 
duties of his office. — It may be expected therefore that 
that business will be brought to an issue as soon as it can be : 
and this expectation is supported by a letter from the Sec- 
retary of Congress, who writes me, that from the progress 
made in settling the accounts between the United States and 
individual States, — .. — .. — | and private creditors within 
the same, and from the measures taken to hasten and facili- 
tate the progress of such settlement, there is reason to hope, 



42 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the great work will soon be compleated. With regard to the 
line of jurisdiction between this Commonwealth, and the 
State of New York, so far as it respects the Eastern boundary 
of the latter, our Delegates, to whom, as well as to Governor 
Clinton, I sent an authenticated copy of the Act of the Gen- 
eral Court, empowering Commissioners to settle that line, 
write me, that the Delegates of the two States had met on that 
business, but had not then been able to agree on suitable per- 
sons as Commissioners, which makes it probable, that Con- 
gress will have the appointment of the Commissioners, pur- 
suant to the mutual Acts of the two States, without any such 
previous agreement. 

With respect to the conduct of New York relative to the 
Western Territory claimed by this State, I wrote, agreeably 
to your request, to Governor Clinton, and to our Delegates 
concerning it. A conference between them was had upon the 
subject. The substance of it you will find represented in a 
letter from our Delegates : in agreement with which Governor 
Clinton informs me, that according to the duties of his office 
he shall not fail to lay my letter and the concurrent resolu- 
tions of the Senate and Assembly before the Legislature of 
New York at their next meeting ; and that the earliest oppor- 
tunity will be embraced of communicating whatever they may 
direct on the subject. 

In compliance with your request Gentlemen, expressed in 
several resolutions the last session. I transmitted to the sev- 
eral States in the Union a copy of the Act you then passed for 
regulating navigation and commerce. It was accomplished 
with a circular letter of mine to the Governor of those States 
respectively: in which letter among other things, it is rep- 
resented, that it is much to be desired that Congress may be 
vested with a well guarded power to regulate the trade of the 
United States: which being effected our Act will cease to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 43 

operate ; that in the mean time we have a full confidence, that 
the mutual friendship of the several States towards each 
other, and their sentiments of honor and justice will be a 
sufficient pledge, that when measures wisely calculated to 
defeat the unjust designs of any foreign power against the 
trade or general interest, of the United States, are taken by 
any individual State, they will be adopted by all: so that no 
one State may be left to suffer essentially in its own trade by 
its laudable zeal and exertions for the common safety. To 
this letter the Governors of several States have replied that 
they will lay it before their respective Legislatures at their 
next meeting. TTith respect to the Legislature of the State 
of Xew Hampshire, I have the pleasure to inform you, that 
with a generosity and magnanimity becoming one of the 
United States, and which I am persuaded the rest will not be 
backward to manifest, they early passed an Act correspondent 
to ours for regulating navigation and commerce. Such cor- 
respondent Acts adopted by all the States would be productive 
of happy effects, until Congress should ordain regulations for 
the general Commerce of the confederated body. 

In regard to the enlargement of the powers of Congress, I 
signed and forwarded to our Delegates, agreeably to your 
request, the several letters you had prepared on that subject. 
They viewed it, and justly, as being of great consequence; 
and wishing their sentiments on it might be known to their 
Constituents, they have, from a sense of the duty they owe 
them, delayed taking any measures concerning it, untill they 
shall receive your further instructions. The reasons of the 
delay their letters of the 18 th of August and 3 d of September 
will inform you. — This being a matter of great importance 
will require your attentive consideration. 

There are divers other things, that have been the subject of 
the Acts and Kesolutions of the General Court, and the State 
of them will be communicated to you by message. 



44 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

I shall now lay before you several matters, which you will 
probably think require your immediate attention. 

By a letter I have received from M r Secretary Thomson of 
the 24 th of August, it appears, that it is become necessary & 
essential to the harmony of the Union, that Congress should 
be furnished with the means of settling the proportion, to be 
born by each State, of the General expences, that have been, 
or may be, incurred for the common defence and general wel- 
fare. And I am requested to bring this subject again under 
the view of the Legislature of this State, and earnestly to 
recommend to them, as they have adopted the new rule of 
appointment, to take speedy and effectual measures for num- 
bering the inhabitants of this State, and make a return there- 
of to Congress. As by that letter it seems probable that the 
new rule will be adopted by all the States, I do, in compliance 
with the request, earnestly recommend to you, Gentlemen, 
to take speedy & effectual measures for the said purpose. On 
a former requisition of Congress an Act was passed the last 
year upon the principles of the rule mentioned in the eighth 
article of the consideration: by which Act, the number of 
the inhabitants in the Commonwealth, was ordered to be 
taken pursuant to that requisition and returned by a certain 
day into the Secretary's Office. Accordingly a great number 
of towns, but not the whole, have made return. Perhaps the 
carrying the Act into full execution relative to the number 
of our Inhabitants, will answer the intention of the new 
requisition. 

With the said letter were enclosed several resolutions of 
Congress, and particularly one of April 18 th 1783, to which 
a further attention is intimated to be necessary, for the pur- 
pose of establishing permanent and adequate funds, which 
shall operate generally, & in just proportion towards doing 
compleat justice to the public creditors, and for restoring 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 45 

public credit: and it is observed in the letter, that every day's 
delay increases the embarrassments of the union. 

By a resolution of Congress of the 27 th of September you 
will observe Gentlemen, that for the service of the present 
year, and for the payment of one year's interest on the foreign 
& domestic debt, and other purposes, it will be necessary, that 
three million dollars, in addition to six hundred forty nine 
thousand eight hundred and eighty dollars, be paid into the 
common treasury on or before the first day of May next. 
These two sums are the whole amount of the present years 
estimate: from which the latter sum is deducted by reason 
that so much of the Dutch loan was applied towards a dis- 
charge of the last years estimate, and which the sums required 
from the States last year will replace: a compliance with that 
requisition being relied on by Congress to discharge, or make 
good, the said deduction. Our quota of the three millions is 
set at four hundred forty eight thousand eight hundred and 
fifty four dollars : for the seasonable payment of which, it 
is incumbent on you, Gentlemen to make the necessary pro- 
vision. 

As a motive for the chearful payment of the sum now called 
for, as well as of past arrearages, the States are reminded, 
that Congress have passed an ordinance for the survey & sale 
of the western territory of the United States; and that the 
proceeds thereof will be applied as a sinking fund to ex- 
tinguish the domestic debt. Future requisitions for interest 
on the domestic debt, will therefore be reduced in proportion 
as this fund may be rendered productive. 

Your attention Gentlemen is also called to the state of our 
own particular debt, and to ways and means of discharging 
it. The total amount of it by the Treasurer's account is one 
million four hundred sixty eight thousand five hundred fifty 
four pounds seven shillings and five pence, and the annual 



t6 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

interest of it is eighty eight thousand one hundred and twelve 
pounds thirteen shillings and three pence. The means of 
discharging the debt are, the product of the Impost and 
Excise, which from June 1784 to June 17S5 was fifty seven 
thousand three hundred and fifty three pounds thirteen shill- 
ings and eight pence; and the one per Cent on the business 
of Auctioneers, which for the same time was eleven hundred 
seventy three pounds eleven shillings & six pence. These 
products, with that of the New Impost and Excise, may be 
estimated equal to the interest of the debt ; in which case 
whatever sum you think proper should be annually raised 
by tax, or in any other way, will, after deducting the com- 
mon charges of Government, discharge so much of the prin- 
cipal of it. By my direction the Treasurer has found a plan 
and calculation for the gradual payment of the whole debt. 
According to that plan an annual Tax of one hundred thou- 
sand pounds with the aforesaid revenue, as above stated, will 
cancel the whole debt, both Interest and principal, in fifteen 
years; and at the same time pay the ordinary charges of 
Government. — Such a tax, with the annual requisitions of 
Congress for our proportion of the national debt, will not be 
distressing to the State: especially as in the future requisi- 
tions there probably will be provided certain facilities of pay- 
ment, in like manner, as there are in the present requisition. 
Punctuality in the payment of Taxes is so essential to pub- 
lic credit, that the existence of the latter depends upon it. 
To insure it, I would recommend to your consideration 
whether in future Tax-Acts it should not be provided that 
in every town on each person's tax, not paid by a given day, 
interest should be required from that day to the time of pay- 
ment. This requisition would be a stimulus to punctuality, 
which would be further excited by an allowance of five per 
Cent, for prompt payment. Such a charge of interest is due 
to the Commonwealth at large, and justice demands it, with 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 47 

regard to those towns & individuals, who have been, and are, 
punctual in paying their Taxes. 

There is a large sum now due for past Taxes, the greater 
part of which is appropriated for the redemption of new 
Emission bills, and of State Notes payable in 1784. When 
these taxes are all paid, there will remain, after making an 
allowance for those appropriations, a considerable balance, 
perhaps about eighty thousand pounds, subject to your appro- 
priation. The honour and faith of the Government being 
plighted for that redemption, the reminding you of it, I am 
persuaded, will procure effectual measures to be taken for 
the payment of those Taxes. 

On the present year are laid several Taxes, amounting to 
a large sum. They are appropriated for the payment of such 
a part of the consolidated notes as becomes due the present 
year; and for the redemption of the remaining army Notes 
including such of them as will be payable the next year. 

These several notes exclusive of the Interest due on them 
amount in the whole to two hundred seventeen thousand two 
hundred and fifty eight pounds thirteen shillings and six 
pence, and are included in the total aggregate of debt above 
mentioned. 

If you should think this sum, with the present requisition 
of Congress, too large to be raised the present year, and the 
Taxes laid on the several succeeding years for redeeming the 
other consolidated Notes, too large for those years, especially 
when connected with the annual requisition of Congress, you 
may possibly think it needful to take a minute view of the 
State of our whole debt, and the taxes now laid on the present 
and future years for canceling it, and adopt the above men- 
tioned, or some other, plan for that purpose. But in that case, 
Gentlemen, I imagine you will think it necessary, in order 
to maintain the plighted faith of the Government, to procure 
the consent of the Government creditors, previous to the 



48 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

adoption of such a plan. I cannot apprehend there will be 
anv difficulty in obtaining their consent, as the provision, 
made by the Acts of Impost and Excise, will, probably be 
sufficient to enable the Treasurer to pay the annual interest 
of the debt punctually at the time it shall become due, untill 
the whole debt be extinguished. 

In considering the means of cancelling the public debt, 
it will occur to you, that the unappropriated lands belonging 
to the State may be applied to that purpose: but as the sale 
of them, the time and manner of payment, and the productive- 
ness of the sale, must be very uncertain, they should not, in 
my idea of the plan, be considered as one of the means, on 
which the executing of it should depend. If the sale however, 
should be productive, the product may be applied, from time 
to time, towards the lessening of the debt, and hastening the 
discharge of it. Such a plan well laid, and punctually exe- 
cuted, would, not only extricate us from the embarrassments 
of a heavy debt, but restore the public credit: on which the 
honour and welfare of the Commonwealth so essentially 
depend. 

A much speedier method, than the one above proposed, 
for annihilating the public debt, would be to permit the 
present tax laws to operate. In which case, the whole 
debt, both interest and principal, might be paid in three 
years, or by the end of the year 1788 : beyond which no taxes 
are laid. But of the practicability of it, you are not only the 
constitutional, but in fact the best judges. 

The state of the Militia, which is the Constitutional and 
the safest defence of the Commonwealth, merits your consid- 
eration. 

In the several Brigades the Regiments are in a consid- 
erable degree destitute of Officers, occasioned by the resigna- 
tion of their Commissions. Many of them by virtue of their 
Commissions having obtained rank, and an exemption from 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 49 

the common Militia duty, have very early, for reasons with- 
out doubt satisfactory to themselves, resigned their Com- 
missions : and this practice will probably be continued unless 
some effectual measures be taken to prevent it. As the 
Militia-Act needs some amendments, a clause in a Supple- 
mentary Act, making the rank and privileges of Officers as 
such, depend on their holding, for a given time & with repu- 
tation, their respective Commissions, might go far to remedy 
the evil : which unhappily has been so long prevalent. 

You will also please to recollect, that each of the four di- 
visions of the Militia is to have a Major General, whom the 
Act makes a very essential Officer to the well ordering of 
the militia. As there are but three Major Generals com- 
missioned and two of them in the same division, you will 
think it needful to elect a fourth, and assign to each of the 
other his respective division. Permit me to urge a speedy 
attention to this business. 

There is another matter, Gentlemen, essentially important 
to the well-being of the Commonwealth, which claims your 
most serious attention ; and which, by the unanimous advice 
of the Council, I now lay before you. It refers to a design 
against the Commonwealth, of very evil tendency, being cal- 
culated for the purpose of effecting the dismemberment of 
it. That design has been for some months evident by a 
great number of publications in the Falmouth Gazette: call- 
ing upon the people of the Counties of York, Cumberland & 
Lincoln to assemble together for the purpose of separating 
themselves from the Government of this Commonwealth ; and 
of withdrawing from the duty and allegiance they owe to it. 
In consequence of those calls about thirty persons, as I am 
informed, assembled on the fifth instant at the Meetinghouse 
in Falmouth, and voted to choose a Committee to draught a 
circular Letter to the several Towns and plantations in those 
three Counties, requesting them to meet in Convention, by 



50 DOcrMKXTAKY HISTORY 

their Delegates on the first Wednesday of January next, to 
consider the expediency of the said Counties being formed 
into a separate State. 

The duty I owe to the Commonwealth in general, and to 
the people of those Counties in particular, in dispensibly 
obliges me to lay this matter before you, that you may take 
such measures concerning it as your regard for the collective 
body of the Commonwealth shall dictate. 

What I have further to communicate to you Gentlemen, 

will be by way of message. The Letters and papers referring 

to the communications now made, will be delivered to you 

by the Secretary. 

James Bowdoin 
Council Chamber October 20 th 1785 



In Senate Oct 21 st 1785 
Read, together with the Papers that accompany this speech 
& committed to Benj Goodhue & John Lowell Esq 1- with such 
as the Hon Dle House shall join 

sent down for concurrence 

Sam 1 Phillips Presid* 

In the House of Representatives Oct 22 d 1785 

Read and concurred & M r Bourn M r Thomas & Mr Robbins 

are joined 

Nathaniel Gorham Speaker. 



Action on Governor's Address. 

May it please your Excellency 

The two branches of the Legislature, met your Excellency 
at the time of the late adjournment, with a full confidence, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 51 

that during the recess (the first since your Excellency's ad- 
ministration of the executive department of Government,) a 
just attention had been paid to those important matters, which 
the Legislature had entrusted to your care, as well as those 
which naturally fell within the line of your duty, — their 
expectation has by no means been disappointed. — Your Ex- 
cellency's speech, communicated to the Legislature, the 
measures that you had taken, to carry into effect the Acts & 
Resolutions of the General Court, in their preceeding session ; 
and also, such other matters, as by the Resolutions of Congress, 
called for their attention: and after having given a concise 
view of the state of the finances of the Government, — sug- 
gested such measures, as appeared to you likely, to put them 
on a more respectable footing. These communications were 
made in a plain & intelligent manner, as became a republican 
Governor; and your Excellency will not expect a reply, in 
any terms but such, as become a free, independant & republi- 
can Legislature, whose duty it is, to watch over the conduct 
of the highest servants of the Commonwealth, — to testify 
their approbation of their conduct 1 without flattery when it 
merits it; as well as their disapprobation 2 without asperity 
when otherwise. 3 The critical situation of the common of 
America ; & the peculiarly distressing state of it in this Com- 
monwealth made it necessary, that some decisive & vigorous 
measures should be taken, to arrest it in its flight ; and if 
possible, to bring to their senses those foreign Powers, who, 
without benefit to themselves, seem to be desirous of encreas- 
ing our embarrassments : * these measures will not have the 
full effect desired ; unless our sister States B have similar ideas 
to impress them suitably on that head, your Excellency's 
Letters appeared to be T verry well adapted; and state with 
strict propriety, the importance of a coincidence of measures, 
to be produced by a sense of common dificulty & mutual affec- 
tion. ' The effect produced by these Letters is strongly 



02 IHMTM IXTAKY IIISTOEY 

marked in the answers from the Executives of the several 
States. * — The attention which your Excellency has paid to 
the finances of the Commonwealth ; ,n and the knowledge of 
them, which you appear in so short a time to have attained 
we cannot omit to recognize. It is by a knowledge of this 
business, & an investigation of the a resources " of the Com- 
monwealth M to supply the necessary means of supporting the 
credit M and safety of the Government, that the greatest good 
may be derived to the Community: this knowledge, & this 
investigation, can be obtained & pursued, with so " much 
greater advantage, by " one person at the head of the Govern- 
ment, than in any other way, — that we still look to your Ex- 
cellency to pursue the tract, with that patience, which you 
have hitherto exerted & hope, that still further advantageous 
ideas, on this subject, may be laid before the Legislature. 
19X The General Court went into an immediate considera- 
tion of the requisitions of Congress; but as the business of 
valuation has been in hand at this sitting, & not yet fully 
compleated : and as this " in our Government M was necessary 
to be settled before 20 a new & so important a tax 31 could be 
assigned on the people no decisive measures have yet taken 
on those requisitions; after a " very short recess, they will be 
seriously taken up, & we doubt not this State will still " be 
distinguished by '* every measure which is calculated to pro- 
mote the general union, & the credit of the United States. — 
Your Excellency will find that such further measures as 
were deemed necessary, have been taken for numbering the 
inhabitants of the Commonwealth. 

The state of our own particular debt, lies with great 
weight on the minds of the Legislature: effectual measures to 
support its credit have been postponed for the same cause, 
which has occasioned the consideration of the Continental 
requisitions to be postponed. Some measures have been taken 
to enforce the payment of taxes, & to punish delinquents. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 53 

The State of the Militia has been attended to by the Leg- 
islature, «S: a bill is now under their consideration " to render 
it respectable. 

The Legislature strongly feel the danger & impropriety of 
individuals, or bodies of men, attempting to dismember the 
State: 2 * it would be improper for them, to give a name to an 
offence, which, is doubtless of a very high nature, and which 
if necessary, must be judicially determined on. Further leg- 
islative Acts to prevent such attempts in future, appear to 
be necessary, & a Committee is chosen to bring in a bill for 
that purpose as confusion & every disorder must naturally 
follow, if such attempts are not timely defeated. 30 — 

The union of the several branches of the Legislature, with 
the Supreme Executive, in all measures that concern the 
public wellfare, is at all times, a most desirable object; the 
exercise of the utmost constitutional freedom in deliberating 
on these measures, is the most probabal means, to produce 
that union, while the views of those concerned in the public 
departments are pointed to the good of the whole. The happy 
union which has subsisted between your Excellency & the 
Legislature gives us great satisfaction, as being founded on 
this basis, as we doubt not, your Excellency will continue in 
these views, we hesitate not, to assure you of every constitu- 
tional support of the Legislature. 
In Senate Nov r 29, 1785 

Read & accepted as taken into a new draft — 
Sent down for concurrence 

Sam 1 Phillips jun r Presid 1 
In the House of Representatives Dec r 1, 1785 

Read & concurred with amendment at A viz dele from A 

toB 

Sent up for concurrence 

Nath Gorham Speaker 

In Senate Dec r 1, 1785 Read & concurred. 



54 DOCl'MKXTARY HISTORY 

Memorial of James Sullivan. 
To the Honorable the Senate and House of Representatives of 

the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General Court 

assembled 
The Memorial of James Sullivan Humbly shews, that in 
the year 1782 the Inhabitants of a plantation At the head of 
the township of New Bristol delivered him a petition which 
he now begs leave to prefer to your honors, instructed him to 
offer it to the then general Court, that he Either through 
forgetfulness, or for reason which he cannot now recollect 
omitted presenting it according to his engagement, by which 
the petitioners consider themselves as agrieved and request 
him now to offer it with the above state of facts hoping that 
it can be no less effectual now than it would have been at 
that time he is also requested to inform your honors that the 
petitioners would have purchased the Lands which they have 
Cultivated of the Committee who have the direction of such 
sales but have it not in their power to pay either money or 
public Securities for them, but now take leave to propose that 
a Conditional Grant may be made them in the following man- 
ner viz that the same Act which Grants them the soil may 
Incorporate them as a Town, and that the Grant be upon Con- 
dition that they within such time as your honors shall think 
fit by their Agents Lawfully appointed shall lodge in the 
Treasurers office their bond for such sum as the same Land 
Shall be Set at payable at such day as shall be directed. 
Your Memorialist only begs leave to add that when he con- 
siders the suffering of these people during the late War their 
most perfect inclination to yield obedience to the Laws, and 
the distress which must be consequent upon rejecting their 
Petition, he feels himself well assured that they will have all 
the attention which they can expect, and which good policy 
may at this time dictate 
Boston Oct' 24 th 1785 James Sullivan 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 55 

Petition of Inhabitants of Frenchman's Bay. 

To the Honourable the General Court of the Common Wealth 
of Massachusetts — 

Humbly shew the subscribers Inhabitants of a Tract Lying 
at the Head of the Township of New Bristol in the County 
of Lincoln and belonging- to the Government that they have 
settled more than fifteen years ago upon the same Lands 
having then no doubt but that the Government would in Con- 
sideration of the adjacent Lands being made better by their 
Labours quiet them in their possessions and therefore humbly 
relying upon the Clemency of the Government they have 
expended much time and toil upon their new plantation but 
being as to Town Government in a state of nature, they find 
great difficulty in preserving from the hand of Rapine the 
fruit of their honest industry — that they have since the 
Commencement of the present war uniformly exerted them- 
selves in defence of their Country and have within the last 
Summer put their Lives and property at hazzard and under- 
gone all the hardship necessary incident to an invaded People 
in defending those Labours which can never be of advantage 
to them or their Families without your Honours attention to 
their Petition — 

Wherefore they Most humbly pray that your honours would 
consent that a Township shall be laid out there, of twelve 
miles Square and make a grant thereof to your Petitioners 
for such Sum, or on Such Conditions, and with such reserva- 
tions, as your honours shall think to be most condusive to the 
Public Good and should any part of the same be reserved to 
the State the Cultivation of the residue will Soon impress 
more value upon the part referred than the whole can in any 
other way be made worth and as we in Duty bound shall Ever 
pray 

Dated att frenchmans Bay the 24 May 1781 — 
Thomas Donnell, Abraham Preble Donnell, 



56 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

John Springer, Nathaniel Hardison. 

Moses Butler, Benjamin Clark, 

David Hoopor, Moses Butler, 

Moses Butler, Junur, Nathaniel Butler, 

Stephen Clark, Peter Butler, 

Judah West, Amo s Gupteal 
Daniel Scammons, 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To the Hon 1 the Senate and House of Representatives In 
General Court Assembled — 
The Petition of the Inhabitants of the Town of Arundel 
by their Select Men Humbly Sheweth that Several Requisi- 
tions Were Made by the General Court upon this Town for 
beaf for the Use of the Continental Army in the Late War : 
the first of which was not Complied with (through Means 
We Do not mention) the Second was paid in Beaf — the third 
Was Voted to be paid in paper Money as the beaf Could not 
then be procured the Money was taxed & Commited and Col- 
lected With as Much speed As our Abilities would Admit of. 
And was by our Town Treasurer Carried to Berwick in 
order to Deliver it to y e Superintendant but he was then 
Gone to Boston and at his Return Could Receive the Money 
Because it was (or soon Expected to be out of Circulation 
We at this Remote part of the Commonwealth not in the 
Least thinking that paper Money was so Near its Exit other- 
wise we should have Directly forwarded it to Boston. — The 
Money was of Vallue to us when Collected and Now Lays 
Dead in our Treasury. We Should have Sat Down with the 
Loss and paid the hard Money before Now if we had been 
Able but the Case Is far otherwise. And we have an Exe- 
cution Against us for 11256 wt of beaf @ 10 d per pound 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 57 

which with the weight of other taxes Makes it Imposible for 

us to pay it. — And We humbly Conceive that Considering 

the Infertility of our Land & the Length of our Winters that 

the taxes bear unequaly hard upon us in this County. Our 

Constables have of Late tried Every Effort in their power 

to Collect money but are not able. — We therefore pray that 

your Honors Would take our Distressed Condition into your 

wise Consideration and Grant us an Abatement upon the 

Execu 11 mentioned for all but the first Demand. On such 

part thereof as your Clemency and Justice Shall think fit, 

And your Petitioners as in Duty bound Shall Ever pray 

Jn° Hovey, Tobias Lord, Thos Perkins ye 4 th \- 

Select Men 
October 1786. 

the paper money Collected [ ] to purchase we 11 De- 

liver to the Treasurer of the Commonwealth if Requested 
Arundel June 25 th 1781 

Rec d of John Fairfield one of the Constables of Arundel 
the turn Seven thousand three hundred & seven pounds in 
full of his Collection of the Beaf Money Commited to him 
to Collect — 

Benj'n Downing Town Treasurer 

A true Copy of the original Receipt 

Attest Benj a Downing Town Clerk 

Arundel June 23 d 1781 

Rec d of John Patten one of the Constables of Arundel the 
sum of five thousand Eight hundred twenty-eight pound in 
full of his Collection of the Beaf tax Commited to him to 
Collect 

Benja Downing Town Treasurer 

A true Copy of the original Receipt 

Attes Benj a Downing Town Clerk 



58 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Petition of Inhabitants of Thomaston. 

To the Honorable Seanate & House of Representatives in 
General Court Assembled 

The Petition of the Inhabitants of the Town of Thomaston 
May 23 rd 1785 Humbly Sheweth — 

That whereas the Extream Difucalty of the Late Calami- 
tous war renderd our Circumstances varey unhapy by reson 
of our various Caulings being stopt as to afordeing us aney 
releaf and both famine and sword threatened us our seafare- 
ing Bisness stopt and Likewise our Lumber trade and all 
ways for the suporte of our famaleys by aney forougn trade 
made it Neasecrey for us to Cultivate the Soile for our 
bread — 

As there was Grate Quantitys of Land in its State of 
Nature within the Limits of this Common welth we thought 
it Good Both for private & Publick Intrest that the improve- 
ment of such Lands were Neascearey and whereas there was 
a Large tract of Land of near ninety miles Extent upon the 
Sea Coast which was Claimed by Absentees or absconders or 
both we Exspecting that If those ware absolutely the property 
of those persons (yeat as they had left us to Contend for the 
invalueable rights and priveledges which the God of Nature 
had bestown upon all inteligent beings att the Exspence of 
Life and fortune we indulged our selves to beleave that the 
virtue and wisdom of the Athority of this Comon welth would 
take al Lawful measuers to secure the substance of their own 
indeviduals (Tharefore we have Seatled our selves on a Car- 
tain tract or parsel of Land being on S l Georges river which 
Lands our Athority by our request have incorporated by the 
name of Thomaston and our Distresses has ben Grate since by 
reason of the Enemy so Near us as Bagedoose our Lands New 
and uncultivated that our Labour was hard and our Cares 
Grate the Enemy Distressing and maney Times when we had 
Labour through the Day for our suport we had to stand upon 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 59 

centery att Night to prevent the Enemy from. Destroyeing 
our Substance which has rendered us unable to guive that 
assistance to our Bretheren that we willingly would have Done 
Nevertheles we have not Neglected to Cast in our mite 
(Tharefore we humbly request That your Honours would take 
it into your wise Concideration — and Grant to us att Least 
the value of our Improvement upon Said Lands or that we 
may have the Lands Confirm'd to us att their reasonable value 
as thay Naturealy ware before we improved them but whether 
said Lands ware the Property of Indevidualy or of the Comon 
welth In General we hope that your Honours will Concider 
our Circumstances which constraind us to seatel Said Lands 
and Not Disinharite us or Sufer us to be Disinhearited with- 
out the reasonable value of our Labour and Expence and 
Publick Taxes paid upon Said Lands which if uncomplyed 
with will reduce us to the Greatest Extremity and we your 
Petitioners are Ever Bound in Duty to pray 
Isaac Loveitt, Nath 1 Pales 

Selectmen of Thomaston 
Benj Babbidge, Hugh Kilby, 

Daniel Morse, John Crockit, 

David Pales Jun r , Ichabod Barrows, 

James Fales Jun r , Comfort Barrows, 

John Blackinton, Jacob Keen jun r 

James Kilby, David Watson, 

Oliver Robins Jun 1 *, Ebeneezer Bly, 

Benjamin Blackinton, William Thomson, 

William Spear, Nathaniel fales Jun r , 

Oliver Smith, James Brown, 

James Fales, Jonthen Orbeton, 

Cap* Jonathan Spear, Ric'r d Keating, 

Constant Rankin, James Weed, 

John Gooding, Thomas McClenen, 

Jonathan Crockit, John Simonton. 

Isaiah Tolman, Jun r , 



00 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Jon a Peele Agent for the Ship Hector. 

To the Honorable Senate and the Honorable House of Repre- 
sentatives in General Court Assembled. 

Humbly sheweth Jonathan Peele agent for the Ship 
Hector lost at the Expedition to Penobscot ; 

That on the Settlement of the said Ships account, with the 

Committee for settling the accounts of the late board of War, 

a Ballance of four thousand, six hundred & seventy pounds, 

seven shillings & the Interest remains due to him & other 

Owners; that not having received any part of the several 

grants made to the Sufferers at that fatal expedition or the 

least indemnification for the great loss they then sustained, 

your Petitioner, humbly prays Your Honours, to take the 

matter into consideration, and order the above Ballance to be 

paid And as in duty bound will ever pray 

Jon a Peele 

in behalf of the Owners Agent for Ship Hector 



Re: Sale of lands in Cumberland County. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

The Committee of Both Houses, to whom was Committed 

the representation of the Committee for Selling Confiscated 

estates in the County of Cumberland; relative to the sale of 

the estate of Francis Waldo Esq r late of Falmouth in said 

County, an Absentee, have attended the service and ask leave 

to Report by way of Resolve — 

Stephen Choate p r order 

on the memorial of the Committee for Sale of Lands in 
the County of Cumberland 

Resolved that the Said Committee proceed in the Sale of 
the Lands referred to in the said memorial agreeable to a re- 
solve of the General Court of February 9, 1785. and that they 



OF THE STATE OF MAIM: 61 

retain in their hands (imtill the further order of the general 
Court) So much of the proceeds of said Sales as Shall be 
sufficient to reimburse, all the Taxes & other Charges that 
shall have accrued to this Commonwealth, on said Lands: 
and as soon as the Administrators, on the estate of Brigadier 
Waldo, dec st Shall make it appear; to the said Committee 
that there is not Estate of Francis Waldo's in any other part 
of this Commonwealth Suficient to pay one fifth part of the 
debts due, from the said Brigadier Waldo's Estate. The 
Said Committee, are hereby directed, to pay, so much of the 
neat proceeds, on the sale of the Said Lands, in the County 
of Cumberland, as shall be Wanting, to make up such de- 
ficiency, any law or resolve, to the Contrary notwithstanding. 
And it is further Resolved, that the Committee aforesaid 
be and they hereby are directed, to Report to the Gen 1 Court, 
at their next Setting, their doings relative to the premises — 



In the year of Our Lord 1785 

Whereas Joseph Penrice Merchant Fosther Penrice Black- 
smith & James Moffit Joiner resident in Pownalborough have 
dwelt within this Commonwealth these several months, and 
demeaned themselves well, and have applied to the Legisla- 
ture to be naturalized 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives 
in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same, 
that the said Joseph Penrice Fosther Penrice & James Moffit, 
be Permitted to take and Subscribe the Oath of allegiance to 
this Commonwealth, before two Justices of the Peace quorum 
Unus of the County where they dwell; and thereupon and 
thereafter, shall be deemed adjudged, and taken to be Citizens 
of this Commonwealth, and entitled to all the Priviledges of 
natural Citizens. 



02 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid That 
the Justice before whom the said Joseph Penrice fostlier 
Penrice and James Moffit may take and Subscribe the 
oaths aforesaid, shall make return thereof to the Secretary of 
the Commonwealth, who shall record the same in the Book 
ordered to be kept for such Purposes 



Oct 24" 1 1785 

Sir : I have the Honnor to Transmit to you, a Transcript 
of Entry, and Clearences in the Naval office for the port of 
Gouldsborough from the Time I Received the Official Ace 1 
of my Election (Which was about the Last of September 
1784) until] the twenty Second day of June 1785 

Not having the Acts of the Court By me Was not Quail ified 
as the Law Directs untill March — haveapointed two Deputys 
within my District Whose Returns have Not yet Come 
to hand, When they Do shall Forward them the First 
opertunity — 

M r Gordon the Bearer of these Will pay you the Light 
money Amounting to £4 : 6 : 8. had I Received your Notifi- 
cation soon after my Election, Duble the sum might have 
Been Colected — the Rivers Frezing up in November, Noth- 
ing, or Very Little is Done the Winter season — 

The Enclosed Return and bond togather With the Mony, 
I hope Will come safe to hand 

I have the Honor to be, with the utmost Respect, your 
Honnors Most Oblidged Humble serv* 

A. V. Campbell Nav 1 Officer 
Port of Gouldsborough 
Hon bl John Avery Esq r 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 63 

A list of Towns in this Commonwealth who have made re- 
turn of the number of their polls agreably to the Act for 
taking a Continental valuation. 

York — 2617 Whites 27 Blacks Kittery 2771 W 39 B. 
Wells 2525 W, 17 B. Berwick 3400 W. 20 B, Arundell 1220 
W, 10 B. Biddeford 816 W, 11 B. Pepperelboro' 951 W 3 
B, Lebanon 804 W, Coxhall 573 W, 1 B, Fryeburg 594 W, 
1 B, Brownfield 115 W, 2 B, Shapelaighton 813 W, 6 B, 
Total 17199 W 137 B. 

Cumberland — Falmouth 2860 Whites, 21 Blacks, North 
Yarmouth 2224 Whites, 13 B, Scarboro 1245 Whites, 23 B, 
Brunswick 816 W, Harpswell 853 W, Cape Elizabeth 1149 
W, 9 B, Gorham 1620 W, 10 B, Windham 662 W, 5 B, New 
Gloucester 886 W, 3 B, Pearsontown 521 W, Raymondston 
195 W, Sylvester 255 W, Bridgeton 175 W, Otisfield 109 W, 
Total 13,570 Whites 84 Blacks 

Lincoln — Pownalboro' 1153 Whites 2 Blacks, Bath 656 
W, Topsham 600 B, 5 W, Bowdoinham 537 W, Pittston 306 
W, Hallowell 682 W, 10 B, Yassalboro 817 W, 5 B, Winslow 
332 W, Boothbay 757 W, 4 B, Edgecombe 686 AY, Medun- 
cook 323 W, Warren 387 W, Thomaston 356 W, Fairfield 88 
W, Hancock 311 W, Wales 142 W, Canaan 344 W. Total 
8477 W, 26 B. Total of all Counties 330,836 Whites 4188 
Blacks. 

Towns who have not made return viz 1 York — Massebesec, 
Sandford, Limeric Littlefalls, Buxton — Cumberland — Gray, 
Royalsboro', Bakerstown — Lincoln — Georgetown, New- 
castle, Woolwich, Winthrop, Waldoboro, Bristol, St Georges, 
Walpole, Howardstown, Norridgewalk, Sterlington, Lewis- 
town, Balltown 

Secretary's Office Boston 24 th Oct 1785. 

Attest John Avery jun r Secretary. 



64 docimk.vi akv iiisiok'v 

Letter of resignation from William Lithgow J r Esq. 

George-Town 19 th October, 1785 
Sir, 

Conscious that my duty as a member of the Legislative 
Body, demands at least a general application to public busi- 
ness, during the several sessions of the General Court; but 
sensible at the same time, that various private engagements, 
and an indispensible attachment to the business of my pro- 
fession, prevent me at present, from paying that attention to 
the important concerns of the Public, which my duty sug- 
gests and my inclination strongly urges me, in a public 
Character, to adopt ; I feel myself therefore constrained from 
motives of Justice to my Constituents, and a zealous un- 
divided attachment to my Country, and this Commonwealth 
in particular, to resign my seat in the Honourable Senate: 
to which I have the honour of being elected, as a Member for 
the County of Lincoln 

T have only to add my sincerest wishes, for the present 
and future happiness, prosperity, and glory of the Common- 
wealth, and flatter myself that this notice of my Kesignation, 
will arrive seasonably for New Election agreably to the 
Constitution 

I am with the utmost respect & esteem, Sir, Your most Ob 1 

hum 1 serv* 

W" Lithgow Jun r 



Superscribed : The Hon ble Samuel Philips Jun r Esq. 
President of the Hon bIe Senate Boston 

In Senate Nov 1 " 2 d 1785 

Read & sent down 

Sam 1 Phillips J r Presid 1 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 65 

Govt's Message, Oct 21, 1785. 
Gentlemen of the Senate and Gentlemen of the House of 
Representatives — 

I received yesterday two Packets by the Post from New 
York. One of them from the Minister for foreign Affairs, 
giving information, that the Algerines had declared War 
against the United States. 

As this Event must greatly effect the Commerce of the 
United States in General, and of this State in particular, it 
is a natural presumption that Congress will make it the Sub- 
ject of their speedy and attentive deliberation; and that the 
several States, and this among the rest, will very soon hear 
from them in regard to it. 

In the mean time you will without doubt think it proper, 
that this intelligence, and the letter, upon which it is founded, 
should be published in the News Papers for the information, 
particularly of those, who are in the mercantile line. 

The other Packet, dated the 18 th ins* at New York is from 
Nathaniel Sackett Esq r accompanied with a printed copy of 
a Memorial presented by him to Congress proposing the 
Settlement of a new State whose boundaries are described in 
the Memorial. He represents it as essentially necessary to 
establish a new State in the situation proposed, in order that 
it may be a Barrier against the British settlements in that 
neighbourhood, which are carrying on with great rapidity. 
M r Sackett thinks such an establishment of great importance 
to the United States; & that the Memorial should pervade 
every State in the Union to bring it forward. The Memorial, 
with divers letters and Newspaper-Accounts printed with it, 
are now laid before you for your consideration. 

I have a few lines from our Delegates, enclosing a Resolve 
of Congress of y e 12 th Instant which will be delivered to you 
for your information. James Bowdoin 

Council Chamber, October 27 th 1785 



GO DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

Order to examine returns of Senators. 

( omiuomvealfh of Massachusetts 

In Senate Nov r 2 d — 1785 
Ordered that Joseph Hosmer Esq 1 " be a committee to ex- 
amine the returns of Senators for the County of Lincoln, & 
report who are candidates, in the room of the Hon ble William 
Lithgow Jun r Esq 1 " who has resign* 1 

Att Sam 1 Cooper, Clerk of Senate 

The Committee above mentioned having examined the re- 
turns of Senators for the County of Lincoln, find that the 
Hon ble William Lithgow & John Farley Esq rs are Candidates 
for a Senator for said County in the room of the Hon ble Wil- 
liam Lithgow jim r Esq r who has declined taking his seat in 

Senate. — 

Joseph Hosmer 
In Senate Nov* 3 d 1785 
Read & Sent down — 

Sam 1 Phillips j r Presid 1 



Petition of Job Averell. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To the Hon ble the Senate & House of Representatives in 
General Court assembled 
Humbly sheweth your Petitioner that during the late War 
your Petitioner, at much Expence of Time ferried over the 
River of Sheepscutt, the Number of Men, and at the several 
Times mentioned in the Account accompanying this Petition, 
for which Service he has received nothing, except the Credit 
mentioned in said Account ; And as others have received pay 
for like Services, and your Petitioner has done his full Pro- 
portion for the support of the late War in the common way, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 67 

your Petitioner humbly prays your Honors to take his Case 
into Consideration and order him payment for said Service 
according to the said Account as a small compensation for this 
extra Labour, or otherways compensate your Petitioner as in 
your Wisdom you shall think proper, and your Petitioner as 
in duty bound shall ever pray &c 

Job Averell 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the House of Represen- 
tatives Nov r 10, 1785 
On the Petition of Job Averill praying for an allowance 
for his Service in ferrying persons over the River Sheepscutt 
during the late War, for the public. 

Resolved that the prayer of the Petition be so far granted, 
that the Treasurer of this Commonwealth, be and he is here- 
by, directed to pay to the said Job Averill, the sum of eight 
pounds Nine shillings and four pence lawful Money in full 
for his Service as aforesaid — 

Sent up for concurrence — 

Nathaniel Gorham Speaker 

In Senate Nov 1 " 14, 1785 
Read & Nonconcurred 

Sam 1 Phillips j r Presid 1 



The State of Massachusetts to Job Averell, Dr. 

1777 June 23 d on a Public Alarm a King Shipp being 
Come in I ferried over Sheepscot River Sixty Nine people 
at 3 p r man — .. 17 .. 3 Sepf 10 th The Rainbow King Shipp 
Came in and Took possession of a Continental Shipp I ferried 
over s d Sheepscot River one hundred and Eighty persons With 



68 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Coll. Jones the Commander Who Were allow'd and paid by 
the State forty Shillings p r man at 3 d pr man — 2 .. 5 .. 

1779 — I ferried over s d Sheepscot River Souldiers that 
Went on the Expedition against Maj r Bagaduse, so called, 
Going there and those that Return'd Eight hundred & 
Seventy Six at 3 d — 10 .. 19 .. 

ferried over s d River for General Wadsworth which he told 
me to Charge the State with Thre hundred and Twenty thre 
at 3 d — 4 .. .. 9 Total £18 .. 2 .. 

The State C r By Thomas Rice Esq r 3.. 12..0 Total 
£14..10..0 

Pownalborough May 23 d A. D. 1783 

Errors Excepted 

p r Job Averell 

Lincoln Ss New Castle May 23 d Anno Domini 1783 

Than the above named Job Averell personally appear' d and 
made oath to the Truth of the above accompt Before me 
Benjamin Woodbridge Justice of Peace 



Governor's Message Nov r 2^tli 1 785. 

Gentlemen of the Senate & Gentlemen of the House of 

Representatives. 

Upon receiving information from our Excise Officer at 
Machias, that the Inhabitants of Moose Island in Passama- 
quody Bay in this Commonwealth had been notified by the 
Sheriff of the County of Charlotte, in the British Province of 
Xew Brunswick, to send jurors to that County Court, on 
penalty of forfeiting their Estates in case of refusal, I wrote 
a Letter on the Subject to M r Carlton, Governor of that 
Province dated the 9 th of September. As I was not informed, 
that Gov r Carleton had interposed his authority, I mentioned 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 69 

to him, that I was inclined to believe my informant was mis- 
taken in his opinion, that the Government of New Brunswick 
had given its sanction to a measure altogether unexpected & 
insupportable ; & that I assured myself he would issue orders 
effectually to prevent the above mentioned, & every other en- 
croachment on the territorial rights & Sovereignty of this 
Commonwealth, & of the United States — 

To that Letter I have received an Answer, dated at S l 
John the 18 th of Oct r , which not only justified the proceed- 
ings of the Sheriff; but contains an implied declaration, that 
the said Island, with several other Islands, is, by virtue of 
the treaty of Peace, within that province. 

As it seems clear, they mean to obtain possession of those 
Islands by compelling the inhabitants to acknowledge the 
right of jurisdiction to be in the Government of New Bruns- 
wick, I think it highly expedient you should be informed of 
their proceedings as soon as may be, that such measures may 
be adopted concerning them as you shall judge suitable. — 

Of those proceedings Congress have been informed by my 
letter to our Delegates : & have sent an Account of them to 
the Minister of the United States at London — 

My letter to Governor Carleton & his answer to it will be 

delivered to you Gentlemen by the Secretary. 

James Bowdoin 
Council Chamber, Nov r 24 th 1785 



Report of Committee Appointed to Consider the Report of 

the Committee on the Subject of Unappropriated 

Lands in the County of Lincoln. 

The Committee appointed the seventh of November to 
consider the report of the Committee on the subject of un- 
appropriated lands in the County of Lincoln beg leave to 



70 DOCUMENTARY BISTORT 

report, that they have attended to the report first mentioned 
and the facts and reasonings therein contained, — and are of 
opinion that it will be for the interest of the Commonwealth, 
that the said report be accepted ; and that immediate measures 
be taken to carry the same into effect : for which purpose 
they present the following Resolves which is humbly sub- 
mitted — 

Sam 1 Baker p r order 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

Whereas the Committee appointed by a Resolve of the 
General Court of the 28 th of October 1783, on the subject of 
unappropriated lands in the County of Lincoln, and among 
other things to ascertain the extent & authenticity of private 
Claims to lands in the County aforesaid, have made re- 
port, that they have particularly attended to the Claims 
of the Plymouth Company (so called) to lands on Kene- 
beck river, and that in the prosecution of their enquiry, 
several propositions for an adjustment of the matter in 
controversy between the Commonwealth and the said Com- 
pany have been made; from an examination of which, 
and from a conviction that a speedy adjustment of all 
matters in dispute in the Eastern County between Govern- 
ment and individuals and Companies must be for the interest 
of the Commonwealth, the Committee finally thought it best 
for the Commonwealth to meet the Company on the follow- 
ing proposition, to wit — That the general course of Kenne- 
beck River shall be pursued up to the mouth of Wesserunsett 
that a line shall be drawn through the mouth of the said 
Wesserunsett, at right angles with the said general course of 
Kennebeck River, and extended fifteen miles into the woods 
on each side of Kennebeck River — that another right line 
shall be drawn parallel to the said right line passing through 
the mouth of Wesserunsett, six miles above it, on a perpen- 
dicular distance between the said lines, and extended into 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 71 

the woods fifteen miles on each side of the said Kennebeck 
River — and that the said upper line shall be the Northern 
boundary line of the Company's Claims: — that the said 
Company shall release to the Commonwealth all Claims, that 
they may have to any lands above the said upper line; and 
that the Commonwealth shall release to the said Company, 
all Claims they have to any lands between the said upper line 
and the Sea, and within fifteen miles of Kennebeck River 
on both sides of it : — and that the said Company shall have, 
for one year after a settlement is made, the right of pre- 
emption to any lands within five miles of the said upper line 
above it. 

And whereas the said Committee on the best principles & 
calculations in their power to adopt, were induced to think 
it would be for the interest of the Government to meet the 
Company on this proposition — 

In the House of Representatives March 16, 1786 

Read & non concurred 

A Ward Speaker 



Resolve on Foregoing. 

Resolved that the General Court do approve of the said 
proposition, & that this Commonwealth doth hereby release, 
and grant unto the said Plymouth Company, otherwise called 
the proprietors of the Kenebeck purchase, from the late 
Colony of New Plymouth, their heirs & assigns forever, all 
the right, title & interest, which the said Commonwealth hath 
in or to, all that Tract or Parcell of land lying and being in 
the County of Lincoln, and Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
bounded Northerly by a line running across said Kennebeck 



TZ inn |\I 1 VIAKY HISTORY 

River at right angles with the general course of said Kenne- 
beck River, from the mouth thereof to the mouth of the river 
Wesserunsett, at the perpendicular distance of six miles 
above, or to the northward of the mouth of the river last 
mentioned, the said line extending fifteen miles into the 
woods on each side of the said Kennebeck River / : and South- 
erly by the Sea or Ocean ; and lying between the said upper 
or Northerly line and the Sea, and within fifteen miles of 
the said Kennebeck on each side thereof from the said North- 
ermost line to the Sea. And it is hereby further granted to 
the said Proprietors of the Kennebeck purchase, that they 
shall have for one year after the date hereof the right of 
preemption to any lands within five miles of the said upper 
line above it. 

Provided always that the said Company shall within the 
space of six months, execute & deliver to the Secretary of 
this Commonwealth, a good & authentic Release & Grant, of 
all their right, Title, & Interest therein & to all lands in the 
said County of Lincoln, not to them released & granted in 
manner above said — 
In Senate Nov. 25, 1785. 
Read & accepted — 

Sent down for concurrence 

Sam 1 Phillips Jun r Presid 1 



Statement of the Kennebeck Claims. 

The Committee appointed by a resolve of the General Court 
of the 28 th of October A. D. 1783, on the subject of unappro- 
priated lands in the county of Lincoln; and, among other 
things, to ascertain the extent and authenticity of private 
claims to lands in that county, — have particularly attended 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 73 

to the claims of the Plymouth Company (so called) to lands 
on Kennebeck river : and as they claim extensive tracts there, 
by patent, Indian deeds of ancient date, and by various titles 
derived from other companies, which involve in them some 
things worthy a particular inquiry, the Committee beg leave 
to report a particular statement of the said claims. 

November, A. D. 1G20, King James I. granted to the 
Council, established at Plymouth, in the county of Devon, in 
England, for the planting, ruling, ordering, and governing of 
New England, and to their successors and assigns, all that 
part of America, lying between the thirty-ninth and forty- 
ninth degrees of north latitude, and the Atlantic and the 
Eastern oceans, to hold in fee, in free and common soccage, 
rendering one fifth part of the ore of gold and silver ; — with- 
in which limits, the said Kennebeck lands are situated, where- 
of it appears the natives of that country were then in 
possession, claiming the soil and jurisdiction of the same. 

About the year 1620, William Bradford, and others, settled 
at New Plymouth, where they made considerable settlements, 
and, in the year 1029, had increased to the number of three 
hundred families : in consideration whereof, and in considera- 
tion they might aid and assist those persons, who might fall 
on the coast of America, the said Council, A. D. 1629, granted 
to the said Bradford his heirs, associates, and assigns, that 
tract of land formerly called the Old Plymouth colony, and 
a part of the Kennebeck lands now in question, in the words 
and form following, to wit, — 

"KNOW ye, that the said Council, by virtue and authority 
of his said late Majesty's letters patents, and for and in con- 
sideration, that William Bradford, and his associates, have, 
for these nine years, lived in New-England aforesaid; and 
have there inhabited and planted a town called by the name 
of New-Plymouth, at their own proper costs and charges: 



,4 [MM CM I.NTAIIY HISTORY 

and now seeing, thai by the special providence of God, and 
their extraordinary cure and industry, they have increased 
their plantation to near three hundred people, and are, upon 
occasions, able to relieve any new planters, or other his 
Majesty's subjects, who may sail on that coast — Have given, 
granted, bargained, sold, enfeoffed, allotted, assigned, and 
set over, and by these presents, do clearly and absolutely give, 
grant, bargain, sell, aliene, enfeoff, allot, assign, and confirm, 
unto the said William Bradford, his heirs, associates, and 
assigns, all that part of New-England, in America aforesaid, 
and tract and tracts of lands, that lye within or between a 
certain rivulet or rundlett, there commonly called Coahasset, 
alias Conahasset, towards the north, and the river commonly 
called Narraganset-river, towards the south, and the great 
Western Ocean towards the east, and between and within a 
straight line, directly extending up into the main land, 
towards the west, and from the mouth of said river, called 
.Narraganset-river, to the utmost limits and bounds of a coun- 
try or place, in New-England, commonly called Pocanacutt, 
alias Sawomset, westward, and another like straight line, ex- 
tending itself directly from the mouth of the said river called 
Coahasset, alias Conahasset, towards the west, so far up into 
the main land, westward, as the utmost limits of the said 
place or country, commonly called Pocanacutt, alias Sawom- 
set, do extend ; together with one half of the said river called 
iSTarraganset, and the said river, or rundlett, called Coahasset, 
alias Conahasset, and all lands, rivers, waters, havens, creeks, 
ports, fishings, fowlings, and all hereditaments, profits, com- 
modities, and emoluments whatsoever, situate, lying and 
being, or arising within or between the said limits and bounds, 
or any of them. 

And forasmuch as they have no convenient place, either of 
trading or fishing, within their own precincts, whereby (after 
so long travel and great pains) so hopeful a plantation may 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 75 

subsist, as also that they may be encouraged the better to pro- 
ceed in so pious a work, which may especially tend to the 
propagation of religion, and the great increase of trade to his 
Majesty's realms, and advancement of the public plantation 
— the said Council have further given, granted, bargained, 
sold, enfeoffed, allotted assigned, and set over, and by these 
presents do clearly and absolutely give, grant, bargain, sell, 
aliene, enfeoff, allot, assign and confirm unto the said William 
Bradford, his heirs, associates and assigns, all that tract of 
land, or part of New-England, in America, which lyeth with- 
in or between, and extendeth itself from the utmost limits of 
Cobbiseconte, alias Comaseconte, which adjoineth to the river 
of Kennebeck, alias Kenebekike, towards the Western ocean, 
and a place called the Falls, at Xeguamkike, in America 
aforesaid, and the space of fifteen English miles on each side 
of the said river, commonly called Kennebeck-river ; and all 
the said river called Kennebeck, that lies within the said 
limits and bounds, eastward, westward, northward or south- 
ward, last above-mentioned; and all lands, grounds, soils, 
rivers, waters, fishings, hereditaments, and profits whatso- 
ever, situate, lying and being, arising, happening or accruing, 
or which shall arise, happen or accrue in or within the said 
limits or bounds, or either of them ; together with free ingress, 
egress and regress with ships boats, shallops, and other ves- 
sels, from the sea commonly called the Western ocean, to the 
said river called Kennebeck, and from said river to the West- 
ern ocean; together with all prerogatives, rights, royalties, 
jurisdictions, privileges, franchises, liberties and immunities ; 
and also marine liberty, with the escheats and casualties there- 
of (the Admiralty jurisdiction excepted), with all the in- 
terest, right, title, claim and demand whatsoever, which the 
said Council and their successors now have, or ought to have 
and claim, or may have or acquire hereafter, in, or to any of 
the said portions or tracts of land hereby mentioned to be 



i b IMM'I MKXTAKY HISTORY 

granted, or any the premises, in as free, ample and beneficial 
manner, to all intents, constructions and purposes whatso- 
ever, as t lie said Council, by virtue of his Majesty's said 
letters patents, may or can grant" — To have and to hold the 
said tract and tracts of land in fee, rendering to the King, 
his heirs and successors, forever, one fifth part of the ore of 
the mines of gold and silver, and one fifth part thereof to the 
said Council. 

And the said Council further granted to the said Brad- 
ford, bis heirs, associates and assigns, their factors, agents, 
tenants and servants, liberty to trade and traffic, as well with 
the English as the natives, within the precincts aforesaid; 
"with liberty of fishing upon any part of the sea-coasts and 
sea-shores of any of the seas and islands adjacent, and not 
being inhabited or otherwise disposed of by order of the said 
President and Council." 

Also it is further granted, that it should be lawful for the 
said Bradford, and his associates, by some usual or fit name 
and title, to form him, or themselves, or the people there in- 
habiting under him or them, into a body politic and cor- 
porate, for the better government of their affairs, in America. 

And the said Council constituted Edward Winslow, and 
others, their attornies, to enter, and take possession and seisin 
of the granted premises, and to deliver possession and seisin 
thereof, to the grantees ; — which was done and performed 
accordingly. 

August 8 th , 1648, — Monquine, alias Natahanda, who 
called himself son of old Natowormet, Sachem of Kennebeck 
river, sold, and set over to the said Bradford, and others, "all 
the lands on both sides the said river, from Cushenock up- 
ward, to Wesserunlkeik ; to have and to hold to them, and 
their heirs forever; with all the meadows, waters, soils, profits, 
liberties and privileges, any way belonging thereunto, or 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 77 

arising from the same, for and in consideration" of four 
hogsheads of provisions, and some other small articles. This 
deed is signed by two witnesses, who, A. D. 1G72, made oath, 
before the Deputy-Governour, that they saw Monquine sign 
the said deed. — On this paper, below the attestations of the 
witnesses, made A. T). 1672, there is a certificate, signed by 
Agodoadomago, the son of Wasshemet, and by Tafuch, brother 
of Monquine, by making their marks, signifying, that they 
consented to the above sale, attested by three witnesses ; two 
of whom made oath, before the said Deputy Governour, June 
29th, A. D. 1672, that they saw the payment made to Mon- 
quine, and that Baggadusiett, being present, received a part 
of the goods, for the lands aforesaid. 

This instrument appears to have been recorded in the 
records of deeds for the county of Lincoln, February 9 th, A. 
D. 1761. 

September 10th, 1653.— Essemenosque certifies as follows, 
to wit, — "This is to certify all whom it may concern, that I 
Essemonosque, inhabitant in Kennebeck-river, and one that is 
one of the right owners of Teconett ; the which place as also 
all that tract of land from Cobbiseconte, unto a place where 
I now dwell, called Usserunscut: all which land was sold by 
Monquine, alias Muttahanada, unto Wm. Bradford, of Ply- 
mouth, and his associates: all which lands and places, I was 
willing to the sale of, and did give my consent to, and did 
receive part of the pay ; as also, I do testify, that neither I, 
nor any other Indian, did ever blame him for it, but we did 
all freely approve of it. And as for myself, and so many 
others, are sorry that Lawson doth now build at Toconett; 
and that I never did give way to it ; and Baggadussett did it 
against his will, by the importunity of M r Lake, Eoger 
Spencer and Lawson, and told them moreover, when they did 
desire to buy it, he would not sell it until he had spoken with 



78 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

John Window ; yet they did prevail with him : for which he 

did tell all the Indians he was sorry, and would repay what 

he had received again. All which I do witness by my hand 

and mark. Also I do affirm, that Toconctt, which Bagga- 

dussett did sell to Mr Luke and the rest, he had nothing to do 

to sell, the place being properly mine and Watchogoe's wife's, 

and that Lawson hath lately desired to buy it of us, which we 

have and shall refuse to do. 

Essemenosque, X his mark. 

This writing is signed by three witnesses ; one of whom, 
June 29th, 1672, made oath, before the Deputy-Governour, 
that he signed, "as a witness, the writing above, signed by 
Essemenosque, by his mark on the day of the date thereof ;" 
and the hand writing of another of the witnesses is attested 
to, before one of the assistants, September 10th, 1670. 

February 9th, 1761, said writing was recorded in the 
records of deeds for the county of Lincoln. 

October 27th, 1661. — The General Court of the said 
colony of New Plymouth, the heirs, successors, and assigns, 
of the said Bradford, and others, to the said Kennebeck lands, 
reciting the aforesaid grant from the Council of Plymouth, 
of the lands at Kennebeck, in consideration of four hundred 
pounds sterling, granted the lands, (in the same words, and 
by the same description) to Ancipas Boyes, and others, and 
their heirs, whose successors the said Plymouth Company 
are. And also, the said General Court, by the same deed, 
granted to the said Boyes, and others, all the lands purchased 
by the said Indian deeds, by these descriptive words, to wit, 
"As also all the lands on both sides of the said river, from 
Cushenock upwards, to AVesserunsct, bought by us of Mon- 
quine, alias Mattahannada." Recorded February 9th, 1661. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 79 

July 8th, 1665. — Baggadussett made his writing of the 
form following, to wit, — Know all men by these presents, 
that whereas Monquine, alias Mattahannada, the son of old 
Nattawormet Sagamore, hath formally sold unto William 
Bradford, Edward Wislow, Thomas Prince, Thomas Willett, 
and William Paddy, all the lands upon both sides of Kenne- 
beck-river, from the lower end of Cobbiseconte, to the upper 
side of Wesserunskeik ; to have and to hold to them and their 
heirs forever — And whereas Baggadussett, Sagamore, doth 
challenge and lay claim to the said lands, as the lawful pro- 
prietor of the same: now, so it is, that the said Baggadusset 
hath, this present day, sold, enfeoffed, and set over all his 
right, title, and interest, unto John Winslow, senior, late of 
Plymouth, and the rest of his partners, to him and them, and 
to his and their heirs, executors, and assigns, all the said 
lands, on both sides the river, with all and singular the woods, 
meadows, rivers, with all the privileges and appurtenances 
thereunto belonging: and for performance hereof, the said 
Baggadusset doth bind himself, his heirs, and executors, for- 
ever, firmly by these presents ; as witness my hand, this 8th 
day of July, 1665. And in consideration hereof, the said 
John Winslow, for himself and his partners, hath given to 
the said Baggadussett and the worth 

of two skins — of liquor, and the worth of one skin of bread, 
to Abomkett, alias Watchogo. 

X the mark of Baggadussett. 

This writing is signed by three witnesses, and has the 
marks of four Indians thereon. This writing does not ap- 
pear to be acknowledged, nor the execution, or delivering of 
it, to be proved by the oaths of the subscribing witnesses. 

February 9th, 1761, this writing was recorded in the 
records of deeds for the county Lincoln. 



80 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

In the royal charter of William and Mary, for the province 
of tlif Massachusetts-Bay, in the third year of their reign, 
incorporating therewith the old colony of Plymouth, the 
province of Maine, and extending the jurisdiction thereof to 
the tract of country between the rivers Kennebeck and St. 
Croix, it is granted and ordained, that all such lands, tene- 
ments, and hereditaments, and other estates, which any per- 
son or persons, or bodies politic, &c. do hold or enjoy, or 
ought to hold and enjoy, within the hounds aforesaid, by or 
under any grant or estate, duly made or granted by any Gen- 
eral Court formerly held, or by virtue of letters patents, or 
by any other lawful title, shall be, by such person or persons, 
or bodies politic, &c. their respective heirs, successors, and 
assigns, forever hereafter held and enjoyed, according to the 
purport of such respective grant, paying the rents therein 
reserved. 

And that no grants, or conveyances of any lands, tenements, 
or hereditaments, to any towns, colleges, schools of learning, 
or to any private person or persons, shall be adjusted or taken, 
to be avoided or prejudiced, for, or by reason of any want or 
defect of form, but that the same shall remain in force, ac- 
cording to the laws and rules in being previous to the grant- 
ing said charter, and the judgment of Chancery for cancell- 
ing the former charter. 

In the year 1757, the proprietors holding under Clark and 
Lake, and the said Plymouth Company having several mat- 
ters in dispute, respecting the said Kennebeck lands, sub- 
mitted them (by rule of Court) to the determination of 
Mess'rs Woloot, Gridley, Pratt, Worthington and Hawley, 
who, reciting that the Plymouth Company claimed all the 
lands fifteen miles on both sides of Kennebeck-river from the 
Western ocean, to the northern or uppermost part of a place 
called Wesserunsett, with all the islands within that extent: 
and that the said proprietors, holding under Clark and Lake, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 81 

(who held under Lawson) claimed to themselves, all the lands 
on (lie west side of the said Kennebeck-river, from the lower 
or southerly end of a place called jNTegumke, and so, going up 
said river four miles above the falls at Toconett, and extend- 
ing from said river ten miles westerly into the woods : — Also, 
another tract, lying on the east side of the said river Kenne- 
beck, adjoining to the said river Kennebeck, adjoining to the 
said river on the north-west, and so south-westerly to thosouth- 
ermost island of Xequamke, and six miles from Toconett 
falls, north-eastward, and so fifteen miles along from the said 
river Kennebeck into the main land, south-eastward: — Also, 
another tract of land, lying on Kennebeck-river aforesaid, 
and extending from the northermost part of a certain place 
called Cobbisconte, unto a certain place called Swan-Alley, 
and so extending ten miles into the woods, on each side of the 
said river, east and west throughout all the length : — Also, 
another tract of land on the east side of the said river, bound- 
ing northerly on the tract last mentioned, and eastwardly 
partly on Sheepscut-river, and south-easterly and southerly on 
Monsweeg and Towasset bays, and westerly on said Kenne- 
beck-river; together with the island called Arrowseek island; 
and a tract of land on Parker's-island, so called, bounded as 
follows, to wit, Beginning at a point of land commonly called 
the Flying-point, and then running down on the eastern side 
of the little river, which runneth down by Arrowseek-island, 
into the main river of Kennebeck, to the fourth side of the 
mouth of the First Great Long Marsh, lying in the Great Bay 
Creek Thatch, (as the said bay was formerly called) and 
from the south side of the mouth of the aforesaid Long 
Marsh, along the wood's side on the southeast and eastern side 
of the aforesaid Long Marsh, to the eastern side of the head 
of the cove that runs from the bay called Jeremy Squam-bay, 
and from thence round that part and parcel of land on the 



82 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

north east and northward side round to Flying-point afore- 
said, containing about four hundred and fifty acres — 
Awarded, that the said proprietors should hold a tract of 
land on the east side of Kenneheck aforesaid, beginning at 
Merry-Meeting bay, so called, one hundred and sixty rods 
northward of the northerly corner of a tract of land laid out 
for a township by the proprietors under Clark and Lake, at 
a place called Nequasset ; from thence running east-south- 
east, without variation of compass, to Monsweeg-river ; thence 
running southerly down said river to Monsweeg-bay, and so 
round southerly to a place called HelFs Gate, iNTequasset and 
Towassett bays, and westerly on Kennebeck-river and Merry- 
Meeting bay, and northerly on the same river to the first- 
mentioned bounds ; also, Arrowseek-island ; also, the above- 
mentioned tract of land or Parker's-island. 

And they further awarded all the rest and residue of the 
lands aforesaid, (above-recited) on the said river Kennebeck, 
(herein not before especially awarded) to the Plymouth Com- 
pany, viz. From the northermost part of Wesserunsett afore- 
said on the north, to the Western ocean on the south, and 
extending the space of fifteen English miles into the woods on 
each side of the said river Kennebeck, together with all the 
islands within those bounds, except Arrowseek, and part of 
Parker's-island above-mentioned. 

And that the said Company and the said Proprietors should 
grant, release, and quit claim to each other accordingly; 
which they did and performed, according to the award, by 
deeds, executed, acknowledged and recorded. 

The first of the above tracts of land, recited in said award, 
appears to have been purchased, by the said Lawson, of 
Wasshemet, an Indian Chief; as also all that part of the 
second tract therein recited, which extends from said Kenne- 
beck-river into the woods fifteen miles, by deed dated May 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 83 

24, 1653, signed, sealed, delivered, acknowledged and 
recorded. 

The third tract in said award, above-recited, appears to 
have been purchased, by the said Lawson, by deed dated Oc- 
tober 10, 1649, of Abscaduset and Kenebis, Sagamores. This 
deed is recorded in the county of York, and the execution of 
it proved by the oath of one of the subscribing witnesses. 

The fourth tract therein recited appears to have been pur- 
chased, November 7, 1639, of the natives. 

The deeds of Washomacke, dated June 25, 1653, are found 
and produced — one, of the second tract of land above-recited, 
and the other deed, of a part thereof, lying about Washrong- 
river. The first of these two deeds is proved by the oath of 
one of the subscribing witnesses, but does not appear to be 
recorded. The execution of the second is proved in the same 
manner, and appears to be entered and recorded the twenty- 
third of November, 1666. 

Another deed, dated September 9, 1653, of the said second 
recited tract, from an Indian, called Chogoandoe, to the same 
Lake and Spencer, who are the grantees in two deeds of 
Washomacke, is produced. The execution of this deed is 
proved by the oath of one of the subscribing witnesses, July 
29, 1654, and appears to be entered and recorded, November 
23, 1666, in the book of records, folio 18. 

February 20th, 1658. — The said Plymouth Company 
made a settlement with a Pejepscot Company, so called, who 
claim under Richard Wharton ; and by deed, executed and 
acknowledged by their Clerk, and recorded, the said Pejep- 
scot Company released all their right and title, to the said 
Plymouth Company, in the lands following, to wit, all the 
lands lying within the said Pejepscot claim, northward of a 
line beginning at the mouth of Cathance river, and running 
a west-north-west course, without variation of compass, until 



84 I"" I M I.ATAIJY II |S|(.i;v 

it meets the westerly line of the said Kennebeck purchase, 
which is fifteen miles from the said Kennebeek-river ; and also 
the lands from Merry-meeting-hay, extending southerly and 
lying on the west side of Kennebeck, to the mouth thereof, 
where ii empties itself into the sea, and from thence to run 
westwardly on the sea-coasts round Small Point; thence run- 
ning, northerly on the sea shore up to New-meadow-bay, alias 
Stephen's river, until it meets with Stephens'-carrying-place, 
so called, and from thence to run a west-north-west course, 
without allowance for the variation of the compass, to Merry- 
meeting bay, with all the islands in Kennebeck-river; and 
on the sea-coasts, from the mouth of the said Kennebeck to 
the western line of the said Kennebeck Company's claims, 
except the islands Sebascodegan, and Little Damaris Cove 
island, and the islands in the river Androscoggin and Pejep- 
scot; to hold in fee. 

This deed appears to have been made in consideration of 
five shillings, and a like release of lands, lying' southward of 
the first above-mentioned line, by the Kennebeck Proprietors. 

The part of the Company's claim, which is supported by 
the title of the Pejepscot proprietors may be stated as 
follows : — 

July 7th, lG8-± — Warumbee, and five other Indians, who 
called themselves Sagamores, by their deed to Richard Whar- 
ton, recited, that, near sixty years before, Thomas Purchase 
came into this country, as they were well informed, and that 
he did, as well by power and patent from England, as by the 
consent and agreement with the proprietors "of all the lands 
lying on the easterly side of Casco-bay, and both sides of 
Androscoggin-river and Kennebeck-river, enter upon, and 
take possession of, all the lands lying four miles westward 
from the uppermost falls on the said Androscoggin-river, to 
Maquoil in Casco-bay, and on the lands on the other side 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 85 

Androscoggin-river, from the said falls down to Pejepscot 
and Merry-meeting bay, to be bounded by a south-west and 
north-east line, to run from the uppermost part of said falls 
to Kennebeck river, and all the lands from Mequoit to Pejep- 
scot, and to hold the same breadth, where the land will bear 
it, down to a place called Atkins-bay, near to Sagadehoc, on 
the westerly side of Kennebeck-river ; and all the islands in 
said Kennebeck-river, and the land between the said Atkins- 
bay and Small Point harbour, and the lands and rivers and 
ponds interjacent, containing there in breadth about three 
English miles, more or less" — and "that they were well as- 
sured, that Major Nicholas Shapleigh, in his life time, was, 
both by purchase from the Indian Sagamores, their ancestors, 
and by consent of Mr. Gorges, Commissioner, possessed, and 
died seized of the remainder of the lands lying and adjoin- 
ing upon the main, and all the islands between the said Small 
Point harbour and Maquoit aforesaid, and particularly a neck 
of land called Merrcioneeg, and an island called Sebascode- 
gin" — and that "the relict and heirs of said Mr. Purchase 
and Major Nicholas Shapleigh have reserved accommodations 
for their several families, sold all the remainder lands and 
islands to Richard Wharton" — and that as "said Purchase 
did personally possess, improve and inhabit at Pejepscot, near 
the middle of the lands aforesaid, for near fifty years before 
the then late war" — and that "as said Wharton had desired 
an enlargement between Androscoggin and Kennebeck-river, 
and to encourage him to settle an English town, and to pro- 
mote the salmon and sturgeon fishery, by which they promised 
themselves great supplies, and for other good causes, and for 
a sum of money received" — the said Warumbee, and the 
others, Sagamores of all the aforesaid and other rivers, and 
lands adjacent, for further confirmation of his the said 
Wharton's title and property, gave, granted, ratified and con- 
firmed to him "all the aforesaid lands, from the uppermost 



86 DOCH'M l:\TAKY EISTOEY 

part of Androscoggin falls four miles westward, and so down to 
Maquoit, and by said river of Pejepseot; and, from the other 
side of Androscoggin falls, all the lands from the falls to Pejep- 
seot and Merry-meeting-bay, to Kenneheck and towards the 
wilderness, to be bounded by a south-west and north-east line, 
to extend from the uppermost part of the said Androscoggin 
uppermost falls to the river of Kennebeck ; and all the lands 
from Maquoit to Pejepseot, and so to run and hold the same 
breadth, where the land will bear it, unto Atkins-bay in Ken- 
nebeck-river, and Small Point harbour in Casco-bay; and all 
the islands in Kennebeck and Pejepseot rivers, and in Merry- 
meeting bay, and within the aforesaid bounds, especially the 
aforesaid neck of land called Merriconeeg, the island called 
Sebascodegin, together with all the rivers, rivulets," <fcc. and 
all the use of the salmon and sturgeon fishery in the said bays 
and rivers within said bounds — And the said Warumbee 
and others, for the consideration aforesaid, gave, granted, 
bargained, sold and confirmed to the said Wharton, "all the 
lands lying five miles above the uppermost of the said Andro- 
scoggin-falls, in breadth and length, holding the same breadth 
from Androscoggin-falls to Kennebeck-river, and to be 
bounded by the aforesaid south-west and north-east line; and 
a parcel of land at five miles distance, to run from Andro- 
scoggin to Kennebeck-river aforesaid'' — with all the privi- 
leges, &c. and particularly the salmon and sturgeon fishery 
within the said bounds — to hold in fee — And the said 
Sagamores covenanted, that they had good right so to confirm 
and convey the premises, and to warrant and defend the same 
against the lawful claims of any persons under them, or 
from any of their ancestors — with the following provisoes, 
to wit — Provided, nevertheless, that nothing in this deed be 
construed to deprive us, the said Sagamores, successors or 
people, from improving our ancient planting-ground, nor 
from hunting in any of the said lands, being not enclosed, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 87 

nor from fishing, for onr provision, so long as no damage shall 
be to English fishers — Provided, also, that nothing herein 
contained shall prejudice any of the English inhabitants or 
planters being at present actually possessed of any part of 
the premises, and legally deriving right from the said Mr 
Purchase and our ancestors" — Signed, sealed and delivered 
in presence of five witnesses, who subscribed their names as 
such. The evidence of the execution of this deed of livery 
and seisin, &c. is noted on the same, as follows, to wit — 
"Memorandum, that upon the day of the date of the within- 
written deed, the several Sagamores, whose names are sub- 
scribed thereto, and inserted therein, did, at the fort of Pejep- 
scot, deliver quiet and peaceable possession of the premises, 
with livery and seisin, to Mr. John Blaney and wife, in their 
own right, as she is administratrix to the estate of Mr. 
Thomas Purchase, deceased; and in right of his children. 
Also, the said Blaney, as attorney to Mr. Eleazer Way, did, 
the same day, deliver quiet and peaceable possession, with 
livery and seisin of the premises, to Mr. Richard Wharton, 
the quantity of seven hundred acres of land, being excepted 
according to a former agreement. 

Henry Waters, John Parker 

Taken upon oath this 19th day of July, 1684 — this was 
sworn to by John Parker, before me, 

Edward Tyng, Justice of the Peace. 

James Andrews, (one of the subscribing witnesses) aged 
forty-nine years, testifieth, upon oath, that he saw this deed 
or instrument sealed and delivered by the six Sagamores, 
within-named, to Richard Wharton, and saw John Parker 
and George Felt, the other witnesses, subscribe as witnesses, 
as now they are on the endorsement above. — Sworn before 
me, this 21st of July, 1684. 

Edward Tyng, Justice of the Peace. 



88 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

Falmouth, in Casco-bay, July 21, 1(184. — Warumbee, the 
Sagamore within-named, this day appeared before me, and, 
in behalf of himself and other Sagamores that sealed and de- 
livered the within-written instrument, acknowledged the 
same to be his and their free act and deed. 

Edward Tyng, Justice of the Peace. 

John Parker, of Kennebeck, aged about fifty years, de- 
poseth, that he saw this deed signed, sealed and delivered by 
the several Sagamores within named, and saw possession, to- 
gether with livery and seisin of the premises, as is expressed 
in the other endorsement on this deed, and in presence of the 
several witnesses thereto subscribing: and further the de- 
ponent saith, that upon the eleventh day of this instant 
month, he, with Mr. Henry Waters, were present, saw 
Warumbee deliver possession and livery and seisin, by a 
tnrft and twig and bottle of water taken by himself off the 
land, and out of the main river above Androscoggin-falls, to 
Richard Wharton, in full compliance with the conveyance of 
the premises within granted and confirmed. 

Taken upon oath, 9th (probably 19th) of July, 1684, be- 
fore me, 

Edward Tyng, Justice of the Peace. 

A true copy of this deed or instrument within-written, sub- 
scribed by several Sagamores, to Mr. Richard Wharton, 
acknowledged by Warumbee, and attested as by divers wit- 
nesses above-written ; transcribed out of the original, and 
therewith compared, this 2Cth July, 1684, per Edward Rish- 
worth, Recorder; this was taken from a copy from the county 
of York, lib. 4, fol. 15 and 16, and was attested by Daniel 
Moulton, Register. 

Falmouth, in Casco-bay, August 4, 1726. — This instru- 
ment was shewn to Wine-meuel, chief Sachem of Penobscot, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 89 

and his tribe, at the ratification of the peace, then made be- 
tween the government of the Massachusetts Bay and the 
Penobscot and other eastern Indians : this was done by a Com- 
mittee of the General Court appointed for that purpose. — 
Attested, 

John Wainwright, Chief Concilii. 

The above attestation is rendered and attested on a copy of 
said Indian deed produced at said treaty, in my hands. 

Belcher Xoyes, Prop. Clerk. 

The contents and evidence of the execution of this deed and 
title must be taken in connection with the subsequent doings 
of the General Court. 

June 10, 1715. — To encourage the settlement of Bruns- 
wick and Topsham, it was "voted that the Court — give a con- 
firmation to their purchase, as bounded and laid down in their 
proposals," (referring to the Pejepscot purchase) "with a 
saving for any or all other grants, titles, interests or estates 
that may be found within the same, and particularly that of 
Harvard College, and with a reservation of the rights, im- 
provements and possession of any inhabitants or proprietors ; 
provided always, and it is to be understood, that those persons 
shall be subject to such regulations of this Court, as have been 
made, their settling in a defensible manner." — By the fore- 
going vote it appears, the lands therein referred to were con- 
firmed, &c. to the Pejepscot Company, according to the 
proposals laid by them before the Court. Bespecting these 
proposals, is the following, to wit, — 

Province of Massachusetts-Bay. — In obediance to an order 
of the Great and General Court of said province, bearing date 
January 26, 1761, published in the several public prints, 
directing all persons claiming land in the late Province of 
Main, and without the bounds of any town, by virtue of any 
grant or title whatsoever, to make return of the bounds of such 



90 DOCIMI.N'I Ai;Y IIISTOKY 

claims into the Secretary's office, on or before the first day of 
June next. 

The proprietors of certain lands at Pejepscot, bordering on 
Androscoggin-river, do hereby represent the bounds of their 
claim to said lands, derived by legal purchase from the In- 
dians, anno 1684, and confirmed by the General Court of the 
said province anno 1715, viz. — Running from five miles 
above the uppermost falls of Androscoggin-river, on a north- 
east line, over to Kennebeck-river, including what land lyes 
to the southward of that line, down to Merry-meeting-bay — 
Likewise running from said Androscoggin uppermost falls 
four miles west, and so southerly down to Maquoit, taking in 
the lands lying four miles west of said river — Likewise the 
lands lying southward of Merry-meeting-bay, on the westerly 
side running down to Small Point harbour, including Merri- 
coneeg-neck, and the island Sebascodegin, with the other is- 
lands interjacent — and on the easterly side running round 
Wineganee-point, and so down Segadahoc-river, along by 
Arrowseek-island down to Atkins-bay. 

Out of which tract of land, since the confirmation of the 
General Court in 1715, said proprietors have settled three 
townships, to wit, Brunswick, Topsham and Harpswell — are 
now prosecuting the settlement of a fourth township above 
Brunswick and Androscoggin-river. 

In behalf of the proprietors — Signed, 

Belcher Noyes, Prop. Clerk. 

The above is a true copy of the Pejepscot claim on file in 
the Secretary's office, exhibited by Belcher ISToyes, Esq. — 
Attested, John Cotton, D. Sec'ry. 

The Committee do not find on the records of government, 
or know of any objection that has been made to the above 
description of the Pejepscot claim; from whence (from the 
presumption the Company, in their proposals to the General 



OF THE STATE OF MAIM] 91 

Court in 17ir>, stated the bounds of their claim according to 
their Indian deeds, and from taking the whole evidence to- 
gether respecting the subject) they conceive the evidence to 
be in favour of the confirmation of the claim as it is laid down 
by the Company. 

June 13th, 1762. — The said Plymouth Company made a 
settlement with the Witscaset Company, commonly called, 
who claim under the heirs of George Davis ; and the said 
Witscaset Company, by deed executed and acknowledged by 
James Halrey, their Clerk, and recorded in the records of 
deeds in the county of Lincoln, July 10th, 1762, granted, re- 
leased and quit-claimed, to the said Plymouth Company, the 
tract of land following, to wit, Beginning at the upper nar- 
rows of Sheepscut-river, at the northermost part of a point of 
land on the easterly side of said Sheepscut-river, called Fly- 
ing-point ; from thence to run across said river a north-west 
course, without variation of compass, half way over to Kenne- 
beck-river ; from thence to run southerly, keeping an equal 
distance between said Sheepscut-river and said Kennebeck- 
river, until it meets the northern boundary line of a tract of 
land claimed by the Company holding under Clark and Lake, 
and the Andover proprietors ; from thence to run east-south- 
east, on said northerly line, until it meets with Monsweeg- 
brook, and river, to the mouth thereof, where it empties itself 
into Monsweeg-bay ; then turning easterly round a point of 
land, (a little to the southward of which point of land is an 
island lying in said bay) and to run northerly up said bay and 
Sheepscut-river, on the west side of Jeremy Squam island, to 
said Flying-point, to the first-mentioned boundary line, except 
certain lots mentioned and reserved in said deed. 

This deed was given in consideration of a like deed of re- 
lease by said Plymouth Company to the said Witscaset Com- 
pany, of other lands. 



92 DOC IV. KNTAKY HISTORY 

The lands aforesaid, granted and released as aforesaid by 
the said Witscasel Company, were purchased of the Indians, 
Modocahanl and others, Sagamores, by George Davis, by deed 
dated Dec. 21, 1663, recorded by the Clerk of the Committee 
of Eastern Claims, and are a part of the lands contained in 
the said deed, and within the limits following, to wit, — All 
that parcel or quantity of land lying on the west and north 
side of Witscaset-bay, with the land lying on the west or north 
side of Monsweeg-bay, with a certain island, lying to the east 
of Sheepscut-narrows and Monsweeg-bay, containing by esti- 
mation about four thousand acres ; the consideration of which 
purchase from the Indians was 20 1 . sterling. In the con- 
structions of the deeds and patent aforesaid, and in ascertain- 
ing the boundaries of the lands thereby conveyed, a number of 
questions arise, that deserve the greatest attention, as well on 
account of their ambiguity, as of their importance to the 
parties interested : the Committee, therefore, find it necessary 
and expedient, to pursue the claims of this Company, in their 
several parts, as they are founded on distinct titles, to collect 
and state the evidence touching the boundary lines of the re- 
spective claims, where they are obscure and doubtful, and to 
put that construction on the several parts of the said deeds 
and patent, and on the acts and doings of Government, and 
parties interested in the land in question, which may be most 
agreeable to law, justice and reason. 

As the claims of this Company now extend, and involve in 
them almost all the considerable matters of controversy which 
have existed this century and more, past, between the Gov- 
ernment and individuals, respecting the Shcepscut, the Ken- 
nebeck, and the Androscoggin lands, and remain undivided, 
the Committee find it difficult to give any idea of the situation 
of these claims, without entering somewhat minutely into the 
state of them, and of the imperfect evidence that can now be 
collected. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 93 

In examining this claim, the most material general ques- 
tions that arise, are, 

1st. Respecting the northern and southern lines of the 
patent lands. 

2d. The extent of the lands granted by Monquine and 
Essemenosque, as granted and confirmed to Boyes, and others, 
A. D. 1661. 

3d. The extent of the lands conveyed by Eeggadusett. 

4th. The extent of the Pejepscot claim, westwardly. And 

5th. The extent of the lands, owned by Government, be- 
low Cobbiseconte, &c. 

And first, to fix the northern and southern lines of the 
patent tract on Kennebec k-river, granted to Bradford, and 
others, the Committee have endeavoured to ascertain the mean- 
ing of some of the descriptive words of the grant, as the ex- 
pressions "Cobbiseconte," "the utmost limits of Cobbiseconte," 
"river Kennebeck," "falls at Xegumkike," "towards the West- 
ern ocean," &c. by comparing them with similar expressions 
used in other grants, about that time, and from the best evi- 
dence they can collect ; and by attending to the apparent de- 
sign of the grant, and the manner in which it was heretofore 
understood. 

The lands granted by the patent aforesaid, appear to be a 
tract lying between the utmost limits of Cobbiseconte, (which 
adjoineth to Kennebeck) toward the Western ocean, and a 
place called the Falls, at INTeguamkike. If the boundary ob- 
jects, Cobbiseconte and Falls at Neguamkike, can be found 
and fixt with certainty, there would be less difficulty in fixing 
a literal meaning, at least, to the ambiguous expressions afore- 
said, and the situation of the above-mentioned lines. 

There is much evidence extant of two places on Kennebeck- 
river, one about four miles below the mouth of the river 
Cobbiseconte, and one about fifteen miles above, which have 



94 doci.m k.\tai;y history 

been called by the names of Xehumke, Nehumkeeg, Negum- 
kike, and by other similar names; each of which has been 
fixed upon as the falls and bounds mentioned in the said 
patent, by different companies and interests, who have de- 
lineated the same, and laid them down in their respective 
plans accordingly. 

At the lower place is laid down in a plan printed A. D. 
1752, a stream called Nahumkee, but no falls, and at the 
upper place, Negumkikee-falls. In a plan, said by some to 
be an ancient plan, is marked, about four miles below the 
mouth of Cobbiseconte, a place called ISTehumke. In Colonel 
Heath's survey made A. D. 1719, and in Jones's survey, 
made 1731, is noted, at the same place, Xehumkeeg. In 
North's survey made 1752, the same place is marked Neguam- 
kike. or Xehumkeeg. 

Thomas Johnson, in his deposition taken in perpetuam, &c, 
A. D. 1753, testifies, that the words ISTegumkikee falls, men- 
tioned in the said printed plan, were not in the said ancient 
plan, but were inserted by order of one Mr Gibbs. 

John Bane, October 19, 1752, aged 76 years, testifies, that 
in the year 1692 he was taken captive by the Indians, and 
kept with them seven years and ten months, learned their 
language, and travelled about with them in Kennebeck-river 
— well remembered the rivulets that run into it, and a small 
river or rivulet called Cobbiseconte, about twelve miles above 
Richmond-fort ; also, that there is a place called Negumkike, 
on the east side of said Kennebeck-river, about, fifteen or six- 
teen miles up the river Kennebeck from Cobbiseconte, near 
which place are some falls; that also on the east side of said 
Kennebeck-river is a place called Nehumkee, about four miles 
down the river below Cobbiseconte, and that INTehumkee and 
Negumkike are two distinct places, about twenty miles dis- 
tant from each other, which several places were constantly so 
called by the Indians. — Taken in perpetuam, &c. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 95 

Joseph Bane, October 21, 1752, testified as above as to his 
captivity, travel, kc. — that he well remembered the river Ken- 
nebeck, from the mouth of it to Norridgwalk, and a place called 
Xahumkeeg-brook, and falls on the east side of Kennebeck, 
about seven miles above Swan-island ; and also a place or 
river called or known by the name of Cobbiseconte, about 
ten or twelve miles above said Swan-island ; also a place 
called by the Indians Warunskiek, being a branch of the 
aforesaid river, on the east side, near old Norridgwalk ; he 
further testified, that he always understood, by the Indians 
and English, that Kennebeck-river was called Kennebeck to 
the sea or ocean, and that he understood the Indian language 
well ; and that the mouth of Kennebeck-river was called by 
the Indians, Sunkadarunk, which the English call Sagade- 
hock. — Taken in perpetuam, &c. 

Jabez Bradbury, Esq. among other things, deposed, that he 
was one of the magistrates who took the first deposition of 
Bane above-mentioned — that said deposition being produced 
and read to Bane, he in the main approved of it - — that some 
gentlemen present inquired of him respecting Xehumkike, 
said to be in the deposition fifteen or sixteen miles above 
Cobbiseconte ; as, Are there falls ? to which he answered, Near 
to that place is falls ; and accordingly it was put down. — 
Taken in perpetuam, &c. 

May 25, 1753.— Phillip Call, Obadiah Call, and James 
Collar, testified, that they had been well acquainted with Ken- 
nebeck-river for about twenty years, and well acquainted with 
it from the mouth up to Toconeek or Xeconet-falls, about 
thirty-six miles above fort Richmond, and sixty two miles 
from the mouth of said river Kennebeck ; and that they were 
well acquainted with all the noted places, brooks and small 
rivers, from said Richmond-fort up to Toconeek-falls, to wit, 
a small river, called Xifcumskiek-falls, about five miles above 



96 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the said fort; Nehumkeeg or Negumkike-falls, about seven 
miles above the fort; Cobbiseconte-river, about ten miles, &c. 
— that Toconeek-falls are about thirty-six miles, and that 
they never knew or heard of any place called by the Indians 
or English Nehumkeeg or Negumkike-falls, but the place 
above-mentioned, which is two or three miles below Cobbi- 
seconte. — Taken in perpetuam, &c. 

John Harron testified nearly to the same purpose as Call 
and others, as to the falls and Cobbiseconte-river. 

Jabez Bradbury, Esq. deposed, as to those facts, nearly to 
the same purpose : and he further deposed, that Weffrumkeeg 
is just below the great falls Squahegon, and about ten miles 
below Norridgwalk ; and that Bombazeen had told him, that 
on the east side of Kennebeck-river, opposite to Merry-meet- 
ing-bay, was the place where his uncle Baggadusset had lived. 
— Taken in perpetuam, &c. 

May 12, 1753. — Mr. North and three other persons de- 
clared, that they had surveyed Kennebeck-river up twenty- 
four miles above Cobbiseconte, and that they saw no falls in 
Kennebeck-river for that distance; but that there are several 
small islands in that river, and strong current above Cushana. 

By said Indian deed to Lawson, all the lands on the west 
side of Kennebeck-river are conveyed, from the lower or 
southerly end of a place called Negumke, to a place four miles 
above the falls at Toconeek; and also a tract of land on the 
eastern side of said river, from the southermost island of 
Neguamke to a place six miles above Teconett-falls, as above 
mentioned. 

In the Plymouth colony's deed to Boyes, and others, all 
the lands described in the said patent, as also all the lands on 
both sides of Kennebeck-river, from Cushenock to Wesserun- 
sett, were conveyed. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 97 

Soon after the patent was granted, the patentees, it appears, 
made settlements, and built a trading-house at Cushenock, 
which is some miles higher np Kenneheek-river than any part 
of Cobbiseconte river, which was out of the patent, upon the 
idea, that the falls below Cobbiseconte, were intended by the 
expression, "Falls at Xeguamkike." 

From the best information the Committee can obtain, from 
persons now living, respecting these falls, it appears, there is 
a place, about fifteen or seventeen miles above the mouth of 
Cobbiseconte, now considered as falls, in Kennebeck-river ; 
perhaps the same that is mentioned by North, and others, 
under the descriptions of some islands and a strong current. 

By the evidence aforesaid, it appears beyond a doubt, that 
about three or four miles below the mouth of Cobbiseconte, 
there is a place and falls called INTehumke, and by other fami- 
liar Indian names: but from the plans and depositions above- 
recited, or from any plans or evidence to be found, it does 
not so clearly appear, that there are any falls in Kennebeck- 
river between Cobbiseconte and Teconett-falls, heretofore 
called or known by the name of Xeguamkike, or by any other 
like name. But considering the evidence above produced, 
tending to establish the fact, that there were no such falls 
between the two last-mentioned places, is merely negative, 
and stands opposed to the said first-recited deposition of Bane, 
the observations of North, and others, respecting the islands 
and a strong current, and to some positive evidence collected 
from persons now living, and acquainted with the river ; but 
especially to the expressions of the patent, the aforesaid In- 
dian deed to Lawson, the said colony deed to Boyes, and 
others, which are, though imperfectly, explained by the do- 
ings of the government, and settlements of the grantees, in 
the more early periods of those grants, — it may be inferred, 
that there were, at the time the patent was given, falls called 



98 DOCUMENTABY HISTORY 

Neguamkike, or by some similar name, about fifteen or six- 
teen miles above the mouth of Cobbiseconte. As the lower 
falls above-mentioned, are situated rather between the north- 
ern and southern extremes of Cobbiseconte, no rational con- 
struction can be given to the words of the patent, on the 
supposition those falls were intended by the words in it, falls 
at Neguamkike ; and the settlements made at Cushenock, by 
the patentees, must clearly have been made some miles above 
the patent tract. Tn the institution of Government at Kenne- 
beckj under the Commissioner, Thomas Prince, A. D., 1G53, 
it appears, the people, residing at Cushenock, were included 
therein, and took the oath of fidelity to the Government ; 
which could not have been, unless they were within the lands 
and jurisdiction of the colony of Plymouth. The persons 
who claimed under the said deed to Lawson, do not appear to 
have extended the lands, thereby granted, any further down 
Kennebeck-river, than to the place where the upper falls 
aforesaid are placed. These facts tend to explain the original 
ideas of the grantors and grantees of the said boundaries, 
which must be considered as a necessary and a rational kind 
of explanation in these cases. 

Another ambiguous expression in the descriptive words of 
the premises of the patent, respecting the Kennebeck lands, 
is, "the utmost limits of Cobbiseconte." These words or the 
expression, have been long a subject of much controversy 
amongst the different Companies interested in that country. 
— Some supposed, by Cobbiseconte is meant a river only: 
some, the waters and ponds adjoining to the river of that 
name; and some, the tract of country, including those ponds 
and waters. This river, Cobbiseconte, is an inconsiderable 
stream, taking its rise some miles to the west of Kennebeck- 
river, in a number of ponds which extend four or five miles, 
and make its general course south-easterly towards Andro- 
scoggin- river, till it comes within six or seven miles of Swan- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 99 

island ; then makes its course back into the country about five 
miles, and empties itself into the river Kennebeck : extending 
southerly from the lower or southern bend or part of Cobbi- 
seconte river, is a pond and collection of waters, quite down 
to Androscoggin. Xow, the Committee find no evidence that 
those ponds, waters, or that tract of country, were ever called 
Cobbiseconte ; except what arises from some modes of ex- 
pression in the said patent, and in some Indian deeds. 

The patent conveys all the lands between the utmost limits 
of Cobbiseconte, towards the Western ocean, &c. which words, 
utmost limits, seem to apply with more propriety to a tract 
of land that has extent and boundaries, nearer and remoter 
parts, than to a small stream, to which those terms are seldom 
or never applied. 

Baggadussett, in his deed, recites, that Monquine had sold 
all the land from the lower end of Cobbiseconte, &c. and 
another sells all the land from the northermost part of Cobbi- 
seconte, &c. which expressions improperly apply to Cobbi- 
seconte-stream, and especially, considering the situation and 
form of it, and its general course from east to west : but this 
is a kind of evidence, perhaps of little weight, when we attend 
to the many inaccurate and redundant expressions and words 
in instruments written an hundred and fifty years ago ; a kind 
of evidence balanced by natural supposition, that those words 
did not, a century and an half past, convey precisely the same 
ideas they now do ; nor are there many instances to be found, 
especially among the Indians, of countries lying contiguous 
to rivers being named after them ; and there must have been 
less reason for naming lands, lying in the neighbourhood of 
the two large rivers Kennebeck and Androscoggin, after the 
name of a small stream that passes through them, as in the 
present case, than in many other situations. 

That the aforesaid stream has been uniformly called Cobbi- 
seconte, there can be no doubt. In most of the before-recited 



100 DOCUMENTAEY HISTOET 

depositions, and in all the plans extant, the stream or river 
Cobbiseconte, is noted or mentioned. Wherefore, the fairest 
and most natural conclusion appears to be, that by the word 
Cobbiseconte, in the patent used is intended the river or 
stream of thai name; and that by the words utmost limits of 
Cobbiseconte, is meant the lower or southern verge, bend, or 
port of it. southward, or towards the Western ocean. 

Fixing, then, the lower or southern Lend at Cobbiseconte- 
river as the southern boundary of the patent tract, and the 
said upper falls as the northern one, between which bend the 
falls is a distance of about twenty miles, and between which 
extremes the patent tract may be supposed to lye, the literal 
meaning of the descriptive words of the Kennebeck patent 
may be ascertained with a good degree of certainty; especial- 
ly, by comparing therewith like modes of expression in other 
instruments, from the same Council of Plymouth, and other 
instruments of the last century. 

In making grants in the first settlements and transfers of 
lands in this country, it appears, in a multitude of instances, 
that the grantors attended particularly to the rivers, seas, 
mountains, and other objects or things that served as bound- 
aries; then described and granted the lands lying within or 
between those bounds, or extending themselves from one 
bound to the other, and mentioned or described the rivers, 
&c. that served as bounds as lying or being towards the north, 
towards the east, towards the south, &c. meaning thereby, 
that the river or other boundary mentioned, lye northward, 
eastward, southward, &c, of the lands granted. An instance 
of this nature is to be observed in the aforesaid patent of the 
Old Plymouth colony, whereby all the lands are granted lying 
and being within or between the river Conahasset, towards 
the north, and the river Xarraganset, towards the south, and 
the Western ocean, towards the east; meaning thereby, that 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 101 

Conahasset-river lyes to the northward of the land granted ; 
Narraganset to the southward, and the ocean, to the eastward. 
Many other like expressions are to be seen in the deeds of the 
same Council of Plymouth, of lands in America, and in other 
instruments, written in the last century. The substantial de- 
scriptive words in the premises of the Kennebeck patent, ap- 
pear to be reducible to this form, to wit, — "All the lands 
between the utmost limits of Cobbiseconte, towards the south, 
or Western ocean, and the falls at Xeguamkike, and extending 
fifteen miles on both sides of the Kennebeck-river." Sup- 
pose, then, a line to be draw over said falls, and another line 
over the said bend of Cobbiseconte-river, at right-angles with 
Kennebeck-river, and considered as the northern and southern 
lines or boundaries of the patent lands, the external relative 
objects between which the granted lands are, the words of 
the Kennebeck patent may have the same unforced construc- 
tion, as the grant aforesaid of the colony of Plymouth ; and 
the lands conveyed by the said Council, in the Kennebeck 
country, may be considered as a tract lying between a certain 
bound or place called Xeguamkike, towards the north, or 
northward, and a bound or place called the utmost limits of 
Cobbiseconte, towards the Western ocean, towards the south, 
or southward of the granted lands. 

But the greatest difficulty in fixing the bounds of the Ken- 
nebeck patent arises from an apparent inconsistency between 
the preamble, and the descriptive words of the premises. 

Governour Bradford, in his history, mentions a circum- 
stance which took place about two years before the patent 
was obtained, which supports, in some degree, the idea of the 
preamble — That some difficulties and controversies had sub- 
sisted between the people of the colony of Plymouth, and the 
people settled at Piseataqua, and to the eastward of them, 
about the trade of Kennebeck-river, that the latter and the 



102 DOCUMENTARY EISTOR1 

fishing-ships envied the trade of the former at Kennebeck, 
and threatened to get a patent to exclude them. In conse- 
quence of which, a gentleman was sent to England, among 
other things, to procure a patent for the colony of Plymouth 
— which was obtained accordingly; and which, in the 
preamble, recites, that, whereas the said Bradford, and his 
associates, had no convenient place for trade and fishing, after 
the many difficulties they had struggled with — Then follows 
the grant of a place at Kennebeck for those purposes. If a 
general trade and fishery were intended, which appear to be 
i lie ideas conveyed by the preamble of the grant, it is difficult 
to say, for what valuable purpose a tract of land, between 
Cobbiseconte and Xeguamkike-falls, could be granted, — the 
nearest part of w 7 hich to the sea, is about thirty-six miles from 
it. A desire so to construe this grant as to make it answer 
the ends of a general trade and fishery, and some expressions 
in the patent itself, have produced another construction of the 
said descriptive words in the premises, to wit, that by the 
words, "towards the Western limits of Cobbiseconte, or the 
north part thereof, towards, or to, the Western ocean. But 
this construction, being repugnant to the literal and more 
apparent meaning of the said descriptive words contained in 
the body or part of the deed, that must controul the preamble, 
ought not, the Committee conceive, be admitted, without the 
fullest evidence, that the design of the grant was to convey a 
convenient place for trading and fishing in general, and that 
the design of the grant must be frustrated, unless it be ex- 
tended to the sea, or near to it. 

By the said preamble, and the aforesaid passage recited 
from Governour Bradford's history, w r hich mention trade 
generally, and by which passage it appears the fishing-ships 
were concerned in the trade of that river, and which are 
usually connected with foreign trade, the conclusion seems to 
be, that a general trade and fishery were intended. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 103 

To consider further that this was a grant made to a govern- 
ment, in a young and unsettled country, in fee, and to con- 
tinue forever, wherein, it is reasonable to suppose, the parties 
looked forward beyond the temporary trade of the Indians, 
it appears more difficult to conclude, that an inland tract only 
was intended by the grant. 

But the trade in fact carried on in that country for near a 
century and a half, tended to prove, that a particular trade 
was intended. Xo trade appears to have been carried on 
during that time, except in one or two instances, but with the 
Indians. For the most part, from the year 1645, to the year 
1669, the trade of Kennebeck was rented out to Bradford, 
and others; and the rent appears to have depended, almost 
entirely, on the state of the Indian trade : — When war broke 
out, the rent in a manner ceased, and when peace returned, 
the rent was renewed. The grantees, at a very early period, 
built a trading house at Cushenock, a place about half way be- 
tween Cobbiseconte and JSTeguamkike-falls. 

1662, the said Boyes, and others, built a fortification at 
Musequoite, and were concerned in some trade at Arrowseek. 

If a foreign and general trade and fishery were intended, 
the Committee are convinced, that the grant of an inland tract 
could not answer those purposes : but considering the easy 
navigation of the river Kennebeck, or Sagadehoc, from the 
sea to Merry-meeting-bay; that the Kennebeck lands were 
then full of Indians — at times troublesome and hostile — a 
situation extending from Merry-meeting-bay, or from any 
place a small distance above it, into the country, twenty or 
twenty five miles, might serve, at least, the valuable purposes 
of uniting the Indian, salmon and other trade of the river, 
with the cod-fishery and a foreign trade; and to unite the 
interest and strength of the grantees, necessary to carry on 
and protect both, in a central and advantageous manner. 



104 DOCUMENTARY EISTOETf 

Previous to the year L639, many families settled about 
Merry-meeting-bay, and on the sea-coasts, near Kennebeck, or 
Sagadehoe-river; and many of them, probably, before the 
grant was made. In 1653, said Prince was commissioned to 
govern, at Kennebeck, with assistants, the affairs of the 
colony; who assembled the people at Merry-meeting-bay, to 
take oath of fidelity; when Atkins, who, probably, lived near 
Atkins-bay, Parker, and others, who, probably, lived on the 
islands near the sea, which now bear their names, were 
present, and took the oath : which place of meeting and which 
islands, upon the supposition the patent did not extend below 
Cobbiseconte-river, were out of the limits of it. But consid- 
ering that, previous to this time, more extensive jurisdiction 
of government had been granted to the said colony, by the 
government and Council of state, in the time of Cromwell, 
so that the colony might extend its government to lands and 
people not within the lands granted by the said patent, but 
little can be inferred from this circumstance, for or against 
extending the grant to the sea. 

Xor can much, on a careful perusal of the authorities, be 
inferred from the words in the patent, to wit, on each side of 
Kennebeck, or from the like expressions frequently to be 
found in the proceedings of the late colony of Plymouth, 
wherein frequent mention is made of their people, their 
estates, their trade, &e. at Kennebeck; for, though in many 
histories and manuscripts, written in the early settlements of 
that country, the river between Merry-meeting-bay and the 
sea is called Sagadehoc, there are as many instances wherein 
it has been called Kennebeck, to the sea. 

In the clause in the patent, respecting the Kennebeck lands, 
"free ingress, egress and regress, to pass from the sea to Ken- 
nebeck-river, and from thence to the sea," is granted. — This 
shews, that the Company, to whom the grant was made, must 
pass through the territories of others, to come to their own; 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 105 

for, if their grant of the lands extended to the sea, the river 
of course passed with them, and those words redundant ; and 
though many redundant and unnecessary words are often used 
in conveyances, yet, here, these words being particularly ap- 
plied to the Kennebeck, and not to the grant of the old colony 
of Plymouth, there cannot be so much reason to suppose them 
superfluous. 

But, why ingress, &c. should be granted from the sea up to 
Kennebeck, and not up Kennebeck-river to the lower bound- 
ary of the patent, or Cobbiseconte, which is five or six miles 
from the mouth of Kennebeck, admitting it to begin at Merry- 
meeting-bay, does not appear. 

There are some instances, wherein the Company have pro- 
cured grants and quit-claims of the natives, perhaps the only 
legal proprietors of the soil, in aid and support of their patent 
title, of the rights of the Indians to all the lands on Kenne- 
beck, from Wesserunsett to the lower end of Cobbiseconte ; 
but there is no evidence, that they ever attempted to procure 
any deeds from the Indians of any lands below Cobbiseconte. 

Further, it was intended that this grant should extend to 
the sea, words proper to express that intent must have readily 
occurred to the parties — This circumstance, of not using 
such words, but of using words that apparently, in their 
literal construction, confine the grant to an inland tract, must 
be a weighty reason for concluding, that it was not originally 
intended, that the patent should extend to the sea, or West- 
ern ocean. 

The Committee are rather of opinion, that the said utmost 
limits of Cobbiseconte ought to be fixed at the southern bend, 
aforesaid, of the river of that name; but whether they are 
right as to this fact, is a matter of some doubt; or whether 
the utmost limits of Cobbiseconte, ''towards the Western 
ocean," ought not to be extended as far down as the souther- 
most part of the said waters that adjoin to the said river, at 



106 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the aforesaid bend, which extend down five or six miles to- 
wards Androscoggin-river. 

IJag^adnsset, l>\ his aforesaid deed, released all bis right 
to the lands on Kennebeek, as far down as the lower end of 
Cobbisecoxite ; and it appears that Baggadusset lived near 
Merry-meeting-bay, a little below the body of said waters. 

The second general question, that naturally arises in the 
statement of this claim, is respecting the extent of the lands 
conveyed by Monquine, Washemet, and other Indians, be- 
tween Cobbiseconte and Wesserunsett, as confirmed by the 
said deed from the colony of Plymouth to Boyes and others, 
and by the doings of Government, and Indians, since. 

Monqnine, by his deed aforesaid, sold all the lands on both 
sides of Kennebeck-river, from Cushenock upwards to Wesse- 
runsett, but does not mention or describe the breadth of the 
land sold ; nor does it appear that he meant to continue the 
patent tract upwards, as he begins and fixes his lower bound- 
ary at Cushenock, about the middle of the patent lands. 

Washemet, by his deed aforesaid, conveyed the lands on the 
west side of Kennebeck-river, from Xeguamkike-falls to a 
place four miles above Teconett-falls, and extending ten miles 
into the woods; and all the lands on the east side of Kenne- 
beek, from Neguamkike-falls to a place six miles above 
Teconett-falls; which place, as appears by the plans extant, 
is about two miles below the mouth of the river Wesserunsett; 
which lands the Company now hold under the aforesaid 
settlement, with the proprietors holding under Clark and 
Lake. 

Essemenosque, by his writing aforesaid, certified, that 
Monquine had sold all the land from Cobbiseconte unto a 
place where Essemenosque then dwelt, called Ussenmsett. 
This mode of expression cannot extend upwards any further 
than the words in the deed of Monquine; and the words, 
unto a place called Usserunsett, where I now dwell (admitting 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 107 

by Usserunset is meant a country) cannot include any part of 
the lands of Usserunsett ; for the words up to Usserunsett 
evidently excluded ; and the words, where I now dwell, refer 
to Usserunsett, that is, up to Usserunsett, where, at which 
place, or at which Usserunsett, I now dwell ; nor does it ap- 
pear by this writing, how far the lands sold by Monquine, or 
by this writing, extend into the woods on each side of Ken- 
nebeck-river. 

The conveyances of the lands between Cobbiseconte and 
Wesserunsett river, by the natives of the country, having been 
acknowledged by the General Court of the old colony of Ply- 
mouth, whose acts and doings are binding on the present 
government, by their aforesaid deed to Boyes and others, the 
predecessors of the present Plymouth Company, it is un- 
necessary now to inquire particularly into the forms and exe- 
cution of those conveyances. 

The said General Court, by their aforesaid deed, conveyed 
to Boyes and others, all the lands contained in the Kennebeck 
patent, by the same descriptive words of the premises of it ; 
as also all the lands from Cushenock to Wesserunsett, con- 
tained in the deed of Monquine, or iSTatahanda. 

Taking these deeds together, the question, respecting the 
breadth of the lands conveyed by Monquine, becomes of much 
less importance, especially as to the lands on the east side of 
the river Kennebeck. 

In two or three instances, in the treaties between the gov- 
ernment and Kennebeck Indians, the Indians complained 
that the English had intruded on the Indian lands ; to which 
the government answered, that the Indians had, for valuable 
considerations, parted with all their lands, to the English, 
fifteen miles on both sides of Kennebeck, as high up as Wesse- 
runsett; which answers the Indians did not deny, but en- 
deavoured to evade them. — These complaints and answers are 
to be seen more particularly in the treaties of 1732 and 1753. 



108 DOCl'MKXTARY HISTORY 

Government, also, in these instances, are said, directly or by 
implication, to have approved of the conveyances made by the 
natives. 

On the third general question in this statement, to wit, 
What lands were there conveyed by the aforesaid deed of 
Baggadussett to Boyes, and others? — large interest depends. 
On the validity and construction of this deed depends the 
ownership and title to a tract of land thirty miles in length, 
a iid about twenty seven miles in breadth, mostly laid out by 
the Company, and in their possession, and some parts there- 
of settled under them. 

On this point, the Committee find no facts that took place 
before or since the date of that writing, or any doings of the 
respective General Courts, that throw any light on the subject. 

This question the Committee have examined, and stated 
under four points of view : — The title Baggadussett probably 
had to those lands — the validity of this writing — its efficacy 
as evidence of what Monquine had before sold — and the ex- 
tent of the lands, if any, conveyed by it. 

By the aforesaid deposition of Jabez Bradbury Esq. and 
from the name of a point of land near Merry-meeting-bay, 
called, in many plans and surveys, Abbagadasset, it appears 
probable, that Baggadussett lived there ; from which point of 
land to the lands above Wesserunsett, is about forty five or 
fifty miles. 

From the history and the modes of living amongst the In- 
dians in this country, there can be no great doubt but that 
they originally held their lands as tenants in common, in a 
state of nature; and though they have formed themselves into 
t lilies and clans, yet the members of those tribes still retain 
a common and undivided right to the lands of their respective 
t lihes; but from the respect they have constantly had for 
their Sachems and Chiefs, and from long usage and custom 
among them, the Sachem, or Chief, has acquired a right, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 109 

founded in tacent consent, a kind of legal authority and 
power to dispose of the lands of his tribe or subjects, and 
especially with the consent of some of his principal subjects, 
or his counsellors. 

A distinction, however, has sometimes been made, that a 
Sachem is considered only as a Wise Man, and a Sagamore 
as the first legal Magistrate. 

That Baggadussett was a Sagamore, and Monquine a 
Sachem, son of Xattawormet, Sagamore, as they style them- 
selves in their writings, the Committee find it no where 
controverted. 

The lands claimed by virtue of this deed or writing, extend 
from the lower end of Cobbiseconte, to a place of about twenty 
seven miles above the mouth of the river Wesserunsett ; with- 
in which limits are contained, a large tract of land, about 
Wesserunsett, east of Kennebeck-river, and a large tract Avest 
of it - — the Xorridgwalk lands, the Teconett lands ; the lands 
about Cobbiseconte, Cushenock, Weskrong, and many other 
places of some note, and on which lands lived the Xorridg- 
walk Indians, and, probably, some other tribes, among which 
there were a number of Sachems and Sagamores — that fact 
is rather confirmed by the aforesaid Indian deeds. In the 
year 1648, Monquine called himself Sachem of Kennebeck- 
river, and sold all the lands from Cushenock to Wesserunsett. ; 
to which Agododomago, son of Wasshemet, and Tasuch, 
brother of Monquine, consented, and Baggadussett received a 
part of the goods for which Monquine sold those lands. — 
1653, five years after, Wasshemet sold to Lawson, part of the 
lands contained in Monquine's deed, consented to as aforesaid 
by Wasshemefs son. — 1653, Essemenosque certified, that he 
was one of the right owners of the Teconett lands, which, also, 
are contained in Monquine's deed, and partly in Wasshemet's, 
and that he lived at Wesserunsett — that he consented to the 
sale of Monquine, and received a part of the pay — that the 



110 DOCUMENTARY IIISTOEY 

Indians all approved of that sale — that Baggadussett sold 
Teconett Lake, and the rest, against his will, but that Bagga- 
dussett had no right to it, the place being the property of 
Essemenosque and the wife of Watchogo. 

In the sale of Baggadussett, Abonskett or Watchogo re- 
ceived part of the pay. — From these circumstances there ap- 
pears to have been a kind of aristocracy of Sachems and 
Sagamores, .or Chiefs, among these Indians, so far as re- 
spects their rights and powers to convey their lands: nor 
can it be inferred, that any one of them had a right to all the 
lands extending from Cobbiseconte even to the river Wesse- 
runsett. Monquine sold the lands at Teconett — so did 
Wasshemet and Baggadussett ; and, Wasshemet's son living, 
the father consented to the sale of Monquine; and Esseme- 
nosque affirmed about the same time, that the same lands be- 
longed to him and the wife of another Indian, — and the hus- 
band, Watchogo, as having a right, received a part of the 
equivalent given. Now, Watchogo and his wife must have 
been of different families, or descended from a remote an- 
cestor. Wasshemet sold to Lawson without the consent of 
the rest ; whence, it is probable, he was the Chief of a distinct 
tribe — Monquine and Baggadussett were living, and Chiefs, 
at the same time, and acted as such ; by which it may be in- 
ferred, from the laws and customs of the Indians, that they 
were Chiefs of different tribes. From all which, the most 
natural conclusion, the Committee think, is, that even the 
lands between Merry-meeting-bay and the river Wesserunsett, 
belonged to different Chiefs, and that no one Chief had a 
right to convey the whole: and as Baggadussett lived near 
Merry-meeting bay, probably, the presumption is, that he had 
no right to a large tract of country above Wesserunsett-river, 
some of it seventy miles distant from Baggadusset or Ab- 
bagadasset-point, — These circumstances or considerations 
may be a further reason for not extending the construction of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 111 

Baggadussett's deed, and for not supposing that Monquine 
ever sold lands so high up as twenty-seven miles above 
Wesserunsett. 

As to the validity of the deed of Baggadussett, it does not 
appear that it was ever acknowledged, or the execution of it 
proved by the oath of the subscribing witnesses. In the year 
1761, it was recorded, when the other Indian deeds aforesaid 
to this Company were put on record, in the county of Lincoln. 
The said other Indian deeds were acknowledged, or proved, 
1672. This deed of Baggadussett is mentioned by the 
Pejepscot proprietors, 1753, when they were the opponents 
of the Plymouth Company, and engaged in a controversy with 
them; but no particular objection appears then to have been 
made to it by those proprietors ; nor does it appear that, at 
that time, either the Company or said proprietors had any 
idea that the lands, intended by the expressions of this writ- 
ing, extended further up Kennebeck river than to the river 
Wesserunsett ; nor does it appear, by any expression or words 
in that writing that there was a delivery of it or that it was 
intended to operate wholly as a release or quit-claim deed; or 
that any livery and seisin, or actual possession, accompanied 
it. This writing, or deed, as to the lands above Wesserunsett 
river, must operate as a deed of bargain and sale, if it had 
any effect — or serve as evidence, that Monquine had before 
conveyed those lands — and operate as a release of any right 
that Baggadussett might have to the lands below Wesserunsett. 

This deed can never be considered as evidence that Mon- 
quine had before conveyed the said upper lands; for had 
Baggadussett declared, on oath, that Monquine had sold 
them, it could be no evidence of the sale of lands by the laws 
ever in force and practised upon in this country; and such 
evidence must not only be of no consequence in itself, but 
directly against the words of the only deed found or produced 



] L2 l><>< IMK.VIWKY HISTORY 

from Monquine. But this deed, as to the boundaries, mis- 
recites Monquine's, and in a manner that might easily escape 
the notice of an Indian, or any one not intimately acquainted 
with the language in which that writing is wrote. 

To the operation of Baggadussett's deed, as a bargain and 
sale of lands above the river Wesserunsctt, there are two 
objections. — 1st. It recites, that Monquine has sold all 
the lands on both sides of Kennebeck-river, from the lower 
end of Cobbiseconte to the upper side of Wesserunsett, and 
that Baggadussett laid claim to those lands; then uses the 
words, "sold, enseossed, and set over, all his right, title, and 
interest," unto John Winslow: and though the words, sold, &c, 
are proper words to be used in a deed of bargain and sale, yet, 
when coupled with the words, "his right, title and interest," 
nothing more appears to be expressed, than an intention to 
release or quit his right in the lands sold by Monquine. 2d. 
The IndanSj like almost all other nations who have not sub- 
stituted the methods of recording their instruments of con- 
veyance, as evidence of transferring real property, appear, 
generally, to have been accustomed to the making of livery 
and seisin, of giving actual possession, or of doing some such 
act of notoriety, when they transferred their lands ; none of 
which forms appear to have been observed in this case. 

In stating or examining this question, as to the extent of 
the lands that were intended by the expressions in Bagga- 
dussett's deed, it is necessary to inquire, what is to be under- 
stood by Wesserunsett. There can be no doubt but that there 
is, not far below Nbrridgwalk, a river called Wesserunsett, 
Usserunsett, Wessorunskcik, and by other similar names — 
it is noted in the late plans, and is mentioned in some deposi- 
tions taken thirty years ago; but the Committee find no evi- 
dence, except what arises from the modes of expression in 
this and some other deeds, that those Indian words or names 
ever signified a country or tract of land — But if by these 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 113 

words was intended a country, that country, deriving its 
name, probably, from the said river Wesserunsett, would be 
limited to the lands about that river, and east of Kennebeck; 
and therefore, supposing a tract of land is meant, it would 
be unnatural to include the lands under that name on the 
west of Kennebeck-river. 

Some things to be found in the said treaties seem to con- 
firm the idea, that the Indians had not disposed of any of 
their lands above Wesserunsett-river : they were told, they had 
parted with their lands to Wesserunsett ; but nothing is men- 
tioned that shews they had parted with them above that river. 

The report of the referees aforesaid, in the cause between 
the proprietors holding under Clark and Lake, and the Ply- 
mouth company, which appears to consider this Kennebeck 
claim as extending to the northerlymost part of Wesserunsett, 
ought to have its weight ; but that report cannot be material, 
or of much consequence, in the present question — for in that 
inquiry it was not material whether this claim extended above 
the mouth of Wesserunsett, or not ; and therefore it may be 
presumed, that the referees took the upper boundary of the 
Kennebeck claim as it was stated to them by the party. 

The laws of the old Plymouth colony, and of the Massa- 
chusetts, and the statute of the 13th of William III. have 
often been produced, to invalidate these and other Indian 
deeds; but the Committee, on a careful perusal and a fair 
construction of those laws, do not see their application ; for, 
the deeds of Monquine, Baggadussett, and Washemet, in part, 
were of lands out of the limits or jurisdiction of the respective 
governments, when those deeds were given, and those laws 
of the separate colonies were made. And, though the law of 
the 18th of William III. declared, that all Indian deeds, ob- 
tained since the year 1633, of lands in this then colony, not 
confirmed by the respective governments, should be deemed 



114 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

void; with an exception as to lauds eastward of Piscataqua- 
river; with an exception, also, as to the lands purchased in 
Dukes-county, and Nantucket, from the natives, for further 
confirmation of the other lawful titles and possessions of the 
purchasers; which last clause, for further confirmation, etc. 
has been often extended to refer as well to the lands pur- 
chased eastward of Piscataqua-river, as in the said southern 
counties; which does not appear to he a just construction of 
that clause, especially as such a construction must give the 
law, as far as it respects eastern lands, a retrospective opera- 
tion — an operation to avoid deeds that might originally he 
good, yet such declaratory clause, as it looks back, ought to 
be confined to the purchases made in the said counties where 
the said deeds were obtained against the laws then in being. 

In the fixing the extent of the Pejepscot claim westerly, a 
material fact ought to be settled, respecting the uppermost 
falls in Androscoggin river, mentioned in the said deed to 
Wharton. This river empties itself into Merry-meeting-bay, 
and extends eighty or a hundred miles into the country, west- 
erly or north-westerly: near Brunswick are falls; and about 
twenty miles from its mouth, are another set of falls, and near 
Bakerstown ; and about sixty miles from the mouth, are a 
third set of falls, near Phipps' Canada, and as large as the 
former; and some small falls still further up this river. 
Which falls (the twenty miles falls, or the sixty miles falls) 
are intended by the expression, "uppermost falls in Andro- 
scoggin-river," described in the said deed of Warrumbee and 
others, to Wharton, is a question, for the determination of 
which, but little evidence is to be found. 

As the lands are conveyed, by this deed, to the uppermost 
falls in this river, and the sixty mile falls are as large or 
larger than the twenty mile falls, the presumption, from this 
form of expression, and the usual construction of deeds in 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 115 

favour of the grantees, must be, that the sixty mile falls were 
intended, till the contrary can be shewn. That the falls at 
Phipps' Canada were known to the parties to this deed, at the 
time it was given, the evidence is, a note in Sheppard's plan, 
which mentions, that an Indian fort was destroyed 16TH, at a 
place a little above said sixty mile falls ; but no authority or 
evidence is found by the Committee to support this note of 
Sheppard — Also, the depositions of two aged persons, who 
testified, that they travelled up Androscoggin-river about sixty 
miles, where they found these falls, a little above which had 
been an Indian town. 

On the other hand, it can hardly be supposed, that the said 
Indians granted to Wharton a tract of land extending from 
the sea into the country near seventy miles, lying in a narrow 
tract, on Androscoggin river. In the year 1765, the next 
year after the Pejepscot Company lodged in the Secretary's 
office, by order of Government, a copy of the descriptive part 
of their deed from the said Sagamores, the township of 
Bakerstown was granted, and bounded easterly on the head 
line of the said Company's patent, beginning at the falls 
called the Great Falls, or twenty mile falls; which falls, it 
appears, then were understood by the General Court, to be 
the falls intended in the said deed to Wharton : and nothing- 
appears to the committee that this Company made any objec- 
tions to the laying out of this township, or to the said doings 
of the General Court. If the Company can support their 
claim to the lands up to the sixty mile falls, a line drawn 
from thence to Kennebeck, a north-easterly course, according 
to the said deed, they will hold the lands on the west side of 
Kennebeck river, much higher up than Wesserimsett. These 
Sagamores recited, that Purchase lived near the centre of the 
lands granted by their said deed, at Pejepscot: and Pejepscot 
being about half way between said twenty mile falls and the 
sea, it may be considered as circumstantial evidence of some 



110 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

weight, that those twenty mile falls were the falls intended in 
said Indian deed to Wharton. 

The last general question, respecting the quantity of lands 
owned by the commonwealth b< tween the lower part of Cobbi- 
seconte and the sea, within fifteen miles of Kennebeck, or 
Sagadehoc, is made material by the proposition for an ad- 
justment, hereafter mentioned, proposed by the Company and 
( nnimittee. X 

Bringing or extending the patent lands as low down Ken- 
nebeck-river as the southern bend of Cobbiseconte, a tract is 
left, on the east side of Kennebeck, between the patent and 
the sea, fifteen miles wide, and about nineteen miles long; 
and on the west side, a tract fifteen miles wide, and about 
twenty-one miles long: of which, all the lands between Cobbi- 
seconte and Swan-Alley, and extending ten miles on each side 
of the river, are included in the aforesaid deed to Lawson, 
dated 1640, which the Company hold by virtue of their settle- 
ment, aforesaid, with the proprietors holding under Clark 
and Lake: of which lands, also, between Cobbiseconte and the 
sea. the Company hold another tract by virtue of the same 
settlement, and partly by the said settlement with the Witchs- 
caset Company, including all the lands east of Kennebeck or 
Sagadehoc-river, and between that and Sheepscut-river, ex- 
cept a part of Parker's-island, about eight hundred acres, 
according to the plans of that island. 

Whence there appears to be, on the east side of Kennebeck- 
river, within fifteen miles of it, a piece of land of about six 
miles long, and four and a half wide on an average, lying 
south of the patent land, and east of the lands claimed under 
the said deed to Lawson, to which the Company make no title, 
upon the supposition that the patent tract extends no lower 
down than the said southern bend of Cobbiseconte, but which 
is included in the patent nearly, if it extend as low down as 
the southern part of the said pond of Cobbiseconte; which 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 117 

piece of land of six miles by four and a half is now included 
in towns incorporated. 

Of which tract, also, between Cobbiseconte and the sea, 
there is another piece of Land, lying east of Kennebeck or 
Sagadehoc-river within fifteen miles of it, between Sheepscut 
and Damaris-Cotta rivers, about thirteen miles long, and three 
and an half wide, on an average, to which the Company also 
have not made any title, unless they may have title thereto 
under the patent; the greatest part of which lye within the 
township of Boothbay, incorporated A. D. 1761; and also 
within the claims by persons claiming under the Indian deeds. 

Of which lands, also, between Cobbiseconte and the sea, on 
the west side of Kennebeck or Sagadehoc-river, and within fif- 
teen miles of it, the Company make title to themselves and 
the Pejepscot Company, with whom they have made settle- 
ments under the said title of Wharton, to all the lands, except 
a tract near ILaquoit, south-west of a line drawn from a point 
four miles west of said uppermost falls to Maquoit. This 
tract cannot be very large, or contain more than fourteen or 
fifteen square miles ; and much less, if said line be drawn to 
the south-west part of Maquoit. This tract lyes within towns 
incorporated and principally settled. 

In the prosecution of this inquiry, several propositions for 
an adjustment of the matters in controversy between the 
Commonwealth and the Company have been made ; — from an 
examination of which, and from a conviction that a speedy 
adjustment of all matters in dispute, in the eastern country, 
between government and individuals and companies, must 
be for the interest of the state, the Committee have finally 
thought it best for the Commonwealth to meet the Company 
on the following proposition, to wit, — That the general course 
of Kennebeck-river shall be pursued up to the mouth of 
Wesserunset — that a line shall be drawn through the mouth 
of said Wesserunsett at right angles with the said general 



IIS DOCUMENTAET HISTORY 

course of Kennebeck-river, and extended fifteen miles into the 
woods on each side of Kennebeck-river — that another right 
line shall be drawn parallel to the said right line, passing 
through the mouth of Wesserunsett, six miles above it, on a 
perpendicular distance between said lines, and extended into 
the woods fifteen miles on each side of said Kennebeck-river 
— and that the said upper line shall be the northern boundary 
line of the Company's claims: — that the said Company shall 
release to the Commonwealth all claims that they may have 
to lands above the said upper line — and that the Common- 
wealth shall release to the said Company all claims they have 
to any lands between the said upper line and the sea, and 
within fifteen miles of Kennebeck-river on both sides of it — 
and that the said Company shall have, for one year after a 
settlement is made, the right of pre-emption to any lands 
within five miles of the said upper line above it. 

The Committee, on the best principles and calculations in 
their power to adopt, were induced to think it would be for 
the interest of the Government to meet the Company on this 
proposition. — 

All which is subscribed, 

Samuel Phillips, jun. Nathaniel Wells, Nathan Dane. 

In Senate June 25, 1785. 

Read, and committed to Cotton Tufts, Esq. with such as 
the Honourable House shall join. 

Sent down for concurrence, 

Samuel Phillips, jun. President. 

In the House of Representatives, June 15, 1785, 

Read and concurred ; and Mr. Stearns and Mr. Crafts are 

joined. 

Nathaniel Gorham, Speaker. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 119 

In Senate, November 7, 1785. 

Committed to Samuel Baker and John Sprague, Esquires, 

with such as the Honourable House shall join. 

Sent down for concurrence. 

Samuel Phillips, jun. President, 

In the House of Representatives, Xovember 7, 1785. 

Read and Concurred; and Mr. Thomas, Mr. Wales and 

Mr. Lee are joined. 

Nathaniel Gorham, Speaker. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives January 31 st 1784 

Whereas it is necessary that measures should be immediate- 
ly taken for securing the public property at the Post at 
Penobscot of late occupied by the British Troops — 

It is therefore Resolved, that the Governor be, and he here- 
by is requested forthwith to give Orders to some Officer in the 
County of Lincoln to repair to the Post aforesaid, and to take 
into his custody all such Public property as he shall find 
there or thereabouts to take an exact list of all such property, 
and make return of the same to the Governor — and also to 
give Order for detaching such a number of the Militia in the 
said County, (if any may be necessary) as shall be sufficient 
to carry this resolve into execution — 

Resolve further, that the Officer, who shall be appointed 
for the purpose aforesaid shall have allowance made by the 
General Court for his services and those of his Assistants — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

Tristram Dalton Spk r 
In Senate January 31 st 1784 
Read & Concurred 

Samuel Adams Presid 1 
Appro v'd John Hancock 

True Copy Attest [ John Avery Sec y 



120 DOCUMENTARY IIISToky 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts \ 

To the IIon ble Senate and House of Representatives of the 
said Commonwealth in General Court assembled 

The Petition of Samuel M c Cobb, Humbly sheweth. 

That pursuant to a Resolve of the General Court of the 
31 st of January 1784; your Petitioner was by the Governor 
directed to proceed to Penobscut and take into his Custodv all 
such public property as he should find there or there abouts. 

that in obedience to the said direction your Petitioner did 
in fact proceed to the said place & disposed of the public 
property there found agreable to the same Order in doing 
which he was necessarily put to considerable expence and 
trouble in procuring a proper Vessel for the purpose in 
manning & victualing her and for the party who accom- 
panied him with arms for which he therefore humbly prays 
that agreably to said Resolution your honors will be pleased 
to grant him a reasonable compensation for his service and 
expence in this matter & as in duty bound will ever pray — 

Sam 1 M c Cobb 
Nov r 22 d 1785 



1784 

May 12 — D r The Commonwealth of Massachusetts in Ace 1 
with Sam 1 M c Cobb for Proceeding to Penobscot to take pos- 
session of the Public Stores & c in that place by his Excel- 
lency 8 John Hancock 8 Esqr 8 Orders — 

To the Use of my Schooner of 26 Tuns 12 days at 12/ p r 

day 7.4. — 

To my Attendance on that Business 12 days, at 12/. ..7.4 — 
To 8 Men Assistants for waiges Provisions Arms and Am- 
munition & c at 6/ p r day [• 28 . 16 — Total £43 . 4 — 

Errors Excepted 

p r Sam 1 M c Cobb 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 121 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Nov r 26 th 1785 
on the petition of Samuel M c Cobb praying that he may be 
allowed his account for going to Penobscut by the Direction 
of the Governor to take care of the Publick Stores there 
agreabel to a Resolve of the General Court of the 31 st of Jan- 
uary 1784 

Resolved that there be allowed and paid out of the treas of 
this Commonwealth to Samuel M c Cobb Esq r the Sum of thirty 
Xine pounds twelve Shillings in full for the Service aforesaid 
Sent up for concurrence 

Nathaniel Gorham Speaker 

Letter from W m Lithgow Esq r . 
gir Boston, 29 th Nov r 1785 

Having been appointed, jointly with Thomas Rice and 
Rufus Putnam Esquires, by a Resolve of the Hon ble the Leg- 
islature of this Commonwealth of March last, to treat with 
the Indians of the Penobscut Tribe, respecting their (Claims 
to certain Lands on the Penobscut River, I very soon after the 
date of that Resolve, saw and conversed with Mr Rice upon 
the subject, who agreed with me that the beginning of July 
would be a very proper time to prosecute the business as- 
signed us, as we were sensible the Indians must by that time 
have finished their spring Hunting, and would probably be 
returned to their settlements upon the River. 

Pursuant to this idea, I took the earliest opportunity of 
writing to M r Putnam, to whom I communicated in substance 
the preceding Resolution, with our deliberations thereon, but 
as he happened at that time to be engaged on a distant survey 
at the eastward, I did not receive his answer untill about the 
first Ult°, when he informed me by Letter that my communi- 
cation had reached him but a little before that time, at 



122 DOCI'MKNTAIIY HISTORY 

Machias, but that he expected to be ou the Penobscut very 
soon, and should be ready to attend the proposed Treaty by 
the middle of November; but M r Rice and myself united in 
sentiment that the period mentioned by M r Putnam was by 
no means eligible for the purpose of a conferrence with the 
Indians; both on account of the advanced, and probably in- 
clement season of the year, which in that Country always 
renders the travelling extremely difficult, if not hazardous in 
a variety of Instances, and because we were well assured that 
the Indians could then by no. possibility be collected together, 
as that would be the heighth of their season for hunting ; and 
for these reasons we thought it advisable to postpone the 
prosecution of the business, to a more favorable opportunity. 

These facts I conceived myself bound in Justice to the 
Gentlemen appointed to state to the Hon ble Legislature, lest 
they might be deemed guilty of an unpardonable inattention, 
to the duties of their delegation. 

It may not be improper to add, that during the summer 
past, I have frequently beared that the Indians were early 
apprized of, the before mentioned Resolution, and often ex- 
pressed an ardent wish to meet us in conferrence upon the 
Subject of it ; and should the Hon ble Legislature still think a 
Treaty with them respecting the Lands in question, an eligible 
Measure, I beg leave to suggest the propriety of appointing 
Persons for the purpose, who, by residing not so very distant 
from each other may from that circumstance, be better able 
to embrace the most favorable opportunity of attaining the 
object of their appointment. 

I am Sir, very respectfully 

Your most obedient humble Serv* 

W m Lithgow Jun r 

In Senate Dec r 1, 1785 

Read & sent down 

S. Phillips j r Presid 1 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 123 

Re: William Webh's Letter. 

Bath, July 27 th 1785 
Sirs 

I have to acquaint you that agreeable to advice from Maj : 

Lithgow, I have proceeded to secure the impost on those 

Grindstons landed before the entry of Sloop Fanny's Cargo, 

& have given her liberty to depart from this port, have 5 taken 

a small compensation for our trouble which I will pay you, 

any time; shou'd have come down with them but my business 

wou d not permit. — I am Gentlemen your humb 1 Serv 1 

Will" Webb 

M r John Cheslum M r Jordan Parker M r Godbold. 
Superscribed, M r John Cheslum 
Georgetown by M r Archibald. 

The Committee to whom was referred the consideration of 
a Complaint against M r William Webb Naval Officer for the 
port of Bath contained in a Letter produced under the hand 
of said Webb I have carefully examined into the matter, and 
find that it don't appear to your Committee he has been guilty 
of any willful neglect of duty in his office, but if any neglect 
in conducting the Matter complained off in so regular a man- 
ner as could be wished it was owing to his Unaquaintedness 
with Naval Matters being just after his Appointment to 
Office. 



Petition of John Vinal in behalf of town of Fox Island. 

To the Hon ble Senate and House of Representatives in Gen- 
eral Court assembled. 
The Petition of John Vinal Attorney for the Inhabitants 
of Fox Island Humbly Sheweth 



124 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

That at the hist Winter Sessions of the General Assembly 

of this Commonwealth, a Petition was presented to your 

Honors for the purposes therein expressed: and as the said 

Petition is now in the Hands of the Committee for the Sale 

of Eastern Lands — Your Petitioner humbly Prays that your 

Honours would take such measures relative theirto as your 

Wisdom shall dictate. — And your Petitioner as in Duty 

bound will ever pray — 

John Vinal 



Gentlemen of the Senate & Gent n of the House of Repre- 
sentatives. 
By a Letter of the 23 Ins 1 from M r Thompson which will 
be communicated by the Secretary, you will be informed, 
Gentlemen, that his Excellency John Hancock Esq 1 " has been 
unanimously elected President of Congress, by the Seven 

States then represented. 

James Bowdoin 
Council Chamber Xov r 30, 1785. 



Account of fees Received as Naval Officer for the Port of 

Bootlibay. 

Dec. 14, 1785. 
Sum total to £16 .. .. 

A true Coppy p r 

Tho 8 Boyd jun r N. Officer 

for the port of Boothbay 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 125 

Richard Trevett to Thos Ivers. 

York Feb y 17 th 1786 
Sir: 

Inclosed is the acco* of Light money and of Fees — both of 
which acco ts Square for the year 1785 or up to the 20 th Jan y 
1786 which Compleats the Last Six months Return to the 
Secretary, T have the Pleasure to Convey this with the ball 6 
Due for Light Money by my good Friend & Brother Judge 
Sewall 

I am S r your most Humb 1 Serv 1 

Rich d Trevett Nav 1 Officer 
Honb 1 Tho s Ivers Esq r Treasurer 



Fees Reed from R Trevitt Port of York. 

Xaval Office Port of York. \ A True acco' of Fees Received 
by me between the 18 th of Ocb r 1785 and 18 th of Jan- 
uary 1786 Viz 1 
1785 Oct 28 th For Entering Brigantine Polly Sam 1 Sewall 
Master from Cape Francis, 10/ adminis tg an Oath, & In- 
dorsing on the Register 1/ k permit to unload 1/ \ — 12 — , 
Nov r 2 d Ditto Schooner Lark, Obadiah Donnell Master 
from Boston — 1 — 4, 4 th Ditto Schooner Polly, Will m Sea- 
ward a yearly Coaster, report — — 6, 9 th Ditto Schooner 
Sally, ISTath 1 Parsons for the Eastward, a Cocket — 1 — 6, 
25 th Ditto Sloop Speedwell, Tho s Harmon Master from Cape 
Francis — Entering 10/ adminis tg a Oath & Indorsing Regis- 
ter & permit 2/ \ — 12—, 28 th Ditto Sloop Lively, Don- 
nell & sloop Abigal, Zeb: Harmon jun r — 2 Certificates for 
Light Money — @ 1/ J- — 2 — , Dec r 3 d Ditto Schooner Two- 
friend, Jeff 1 Mushemore, Cleard for Boston — 2 — , — a 
Certificate for Light Money for 6 mo while a fishing — — 1 — , 



126 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

13 th Ditto Schooner Polly Cleard for Connecticut Solomon 
Varrell master ]■ — 4 — 

1786 Jan y 12 th Ditto Sloop Speedwill, Tho s Harmon mas- 
ter Cleard for W : Indies & Certificate for Light m° [■ 0—11- 
Total £2 — 7 — 4 the above is a True and accuret acco 1 of 
all the fees which I have Received in my office to the best of 
my Knowledge to this Date attest 

Rich d Trevett Naval Officer 
Dated at York January 20 th 1786 — 

York Ss Feb y 7 th 1786 Then Richard Trevet made Oath 
to the Truth of the above Act up to the 20 th January last 

Before me 

David Sewall Ju s Peace. 



Certificate of James Lunt Jr. 

Falmouth January 27 th 1786. 
This May Certify: That some time in the month of Sep- 
tember, 1784, The Widow Mary Ellis left in my keeping 
Two Consolidated State Notes (so called) One Note being 
in the sum of Sixty two pounds two shillings, & two pence; 
the other Note being in the sum of Thirty five pounds twelve 
shillings & six pence — (both Issued in her Name & then 
her Property) That said Notes was put into a small Draw in 
my Desk ; where was no other papers That a few days after, 
a Small Girl pick'd up the smallest of Said Notes in the Street, 
& it was delivered to me ; I went Immediately to the Desk, & 
found that the other Note was gone, I could not conceive how 
these Notes could be taken out of the Desk & Lost in the 
Street; but upon Inquiry; was informed by my Wife, That 
She went into the room the day before and saw two small 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 127 

Boys at the Desk, (the keys having accidentally been left in, 

& the desk nnlock'd) She Ask'd them what business they had 

there; & lock'd the Desk, but did not perceive that they had 

taken any thing out; (these Boys were her Sisters Children 

who went to School, and living at some distance therefrom, 

often came to the house between Schools;) & that the Boys 

immediately set of home ; & did not stay for their Dinner as 

Usual or go to School in the afternoon ; That it was Observed 

about this time, that these Boys were very busy about making 

Kites ; & picking up all the waste paper they could find, 

And I verily believe, that one of these Boys took said Notes, 

out of the Desk for that purpose, not knowing their value, 

and lost the one that was found in the Street, and perhaps 

the other (or tore it up about their kites) and it might be trod 

into the mud or blown away, as it was very rainy windy 

weather, and the note that was found was very wet & torn ; — 

That I soon after Checkt said lost Note at the Treasury Office, 

And Advertised it in The Falmouth Gazette, for three weeks ; 

but it hath not as yet been found. — 

James Lunt Jun r 

Cumberland Ss Falmouth January 27 th 1786 

The within named James Lunt Jun r Esq 1 " personally ap- 
peared and made Oath to the Truth of the within Declaration 

by him signed 

Before me 

Sam 1 Freeman Just Peace 



Petition of Mary Ellis of Falmouth. 

To the Honorable Senate and the Honorable House of Repre- 
sentatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts — in 
General Court assembled — 



128 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

The Petition of Mary Ellis of Falmouth in the County 
of Cumberland — in said Commonwealth Widow humbly 
shews — 

That on the first day of February A. D. 1783 she received 
from the Treasury of said Commonwealth, a consolidated 
note for £62 — 2 — 2, in lieu of two Depreciation Notes 
which before that time were given her for part of what was 
due to her late Husband Paul Ellis who was a Captain in 
Coll. Bigelows Regiment — and who was killed at the Battle 
of Monmouth — That some time in October last she unfortu- 
nately lost said consolidated Note (nine months Interest then 
having been paid upon the same) — That this was the great- 
est part of what was due for her late Husbands Services & 
it would be hard for her to lose it — The Circumstances which 
attended the Loss of it will be related to your Honors by 
Joseph Noyes Esq' a member of the Honorable House — and 
she doubts not will be satisfactory evidence of the Fact 

She therefore requists that your Honors would direct the 
Treasurer aforesaid, to give her a New Note in lieu of it — 

and as in duty bound — she will ever pray 

Mary Ellis 
Falmouth Feb y 9 th 1786 



Petition of Town of Machias. 

To the Honorable Senate & House of Representatives of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General Court 
Assembled — 

The Petition of the Town of Machias Humbly Sheweth 
That the Eastern part of the County of Lincoln labour un- 
der the greatest inconvenience & distress by reason of the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 129 

largeness and extent of said County and the Distance they 
consequently are from the Shire-Town which is above two 
hundred cv twenty miles from this Place — Some time past 
the honorable Court were pleased to take the matter into their 
( lonsideration and granted us relief so far as to Sett off "that 
part of the County of Lincoln Eastwards of Union River" a 
Seperate district, so far as regards the Court of Probate & 
Register of Deeds, but did not at that time think proper to 
Establish a Court of General Sessions of the Peace & Court 
of Common Pleas — 

We experience great relief & are free'd from a considerable 
expence by having the Court of Probate & a Kegister of 
Deeds, but still lay under the heaviest part of the Burden, by 
being obliged to attend the Courts at Pownalboro' both in 
Civil & Criminal Cases, we therefore beg leave to call your 
serious attention to our situation while we give a true State 
of Facts, and offer some few reasons in support of our re- 
quest — To Shew it will not only be serviceable to this district 
but beneficial to the Commonwealth to grant it, and that this 
place will be most suitable for the Shire town Machias is the 
first settlement to the Westward of Passamaquoddy and there 
being many Refugees lately settld there, in case there should 
be any dispute between them & the Citizens of America, 
Machias would be an Asylum for the distressed Americans — 
Where they coud find immediate assistance and support — 
and as many of the Refugees that are settled at Passama- 
quoddy and other parts of !STew Brunswick will find it diffi- 
cult, to get Employ in that Province, they will Naturally seek 
it this way & perhaps many of them have led vicious lives, 
may be & are often guilty of Theft, house breaking, assaults 
& other enormities which deserve exemplary punishment, but 
must escape with impunity, if no relief is granted — for to 
prosecute any crime at Pownalboro' (distance more than 200 

10 



130 DOCf.M I..XIA K- V 1USTOKY 

miles) wou'd almost ruin the Prosecutor if he is in comfort- 
able circumstances, and in Case of a commitment it must 
first fall very heavy upon the Civil officers and finally on the 
County for persons who are guilty of Crimes of that Nature 
are seldom able to pay small charges much less such an enor- 
mous sum as must arise in that case — in all Civil Actions in 
this district the Sheriff charges nearly 04/ for travel to Pow- 
nalboro' which is very distressing to the Inhabitants more 
particularly so in a County where Money is so difficult to be 
obtained 

By Erecting this district into a Seperate County many of 
those difficulties wou'd be removed, which wou'd encourage 
settlers to come into the Country and raise the Value of the 
Lands belonging to the Commonwealth — 

During the late War between Great Britain & the United 
States this district exerted itself to the utmost in defending 
the County against the Enemy & since the Peace have con- 
tinued loyal to the Commonwealth and have not taken any 
part toward dismembering the same — 

We therefore Humbly pray that you will be pleased to lake 
our situation into your wise consideration and be pleased to 
grant us relief by erecting this Eastern District into a seperate 
County by the Name of and shou'd the Honor- 

able Court grant our Request we must further beg that you 
will be pleased to make Machias the Shire Town of the 
County (as it is now of the district) it being near the Centre 
(about 45 miles from the River S l Croix the Eastern bound- 
ary and 55 miles from Union River the Western boundary) 
and also being the most Suitable place of any in this district 
the Inhabitants living more Compact where Strangers cou'd 
get Entertainment, we have a Meeting House that wou'd for 
the present serve for a Court House & the Block House cou'd 
be turn'd into a Goal which will prevent putting the District 
at any additional expence at this Time which they are so 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



131 



little able to bear — And your Petitioner as in Duty Bound 
will ever pray 

Stephen Jones, 

Ja s Avery, 

David Longfellow, 

George Stillman 

Committee 

Whereas the Town of Machias petitioned the Gen. Court 
of this Commonwealth, that, that part of the County of Lin- 
coln Eastward of Union River might be set of a Seperate 
County for reason fully set forth in said Petition, we the 
Inhabitants of Passamequodia do hereby fully approve of 
said request being absolutely necessary for the good of the 
Commonwealth in General & this part of the County in 
perticular — 



Clement Hue-kings, 
Sam 1 Russell, 
Jas Morgan, 
Lemuel Wescott, 
Jm s Currey, 
Samuel Huckings, 
Jn° Crane, 
William Crow, 
John M c Guire, 
George Peek, 
Sam Tuttle, 
John Prout, 
Clement Denbow 



Stephen Fontain 
Caleb Boynton 
Tho s Dexter, 
Nath 1 Denbo, 
James Cochran, 
Lew s Fra s DeLesdernier, 
W m Cooper jun r , 
W m Holland 
Hatewill Laighton, 
Caleb Boynton jun r , 
Joseph Clark, 
William Clark, 
Nathaniel Clark. 



Whereas the Town of Machias has petitioned the Hon ble 
the Gen 1 Court of this Commonwealth that the Eastern Dis- 
trict in the County of Lincoln might be Elected into a seperate 



132 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

( tiutitv — we the Inhabitants of Pleasant River Township, do 
hereby fully approve of the measure as being of the utmost 
service to the Distrid freeing the Inhabitants from the many 
difficultys in attending the ( lourts at Pownalboro' in Civil & 
Crimina] Causes — & woud be beneficial to the Common- 
wealth in General — 
Pleasant River May 24 th 1786 
Daniel Merit, Francis Yates, 

Samuel Coffin, 

Committee in behalf of the Town 



Whereas the Eastern District in the County of Lincoln (we 
are informed) have Petition the Gen 1 Court of this Common- 
wealth that a new County may be Erected in the s d Eastern 
parts — and it being also proposed that it wou'd be benificial 
to have this County divided into three, that is to have a middle 
County set of making Penobscott the Center of the same — 
we the subscribers do give it as our opion the same woud be 
very benificial to that part of the Country if numerous enough 
able to bear the Expence & free them from a great expence & 
Trouble in attending the Courts in the upper part of the 
( ounty where they are held 
Ja 8 Avery Nath 1 Thwing 

W m Lithgow Jun r , Jim Langdon, 

W'° Lithgow, Waterman Thomas, 

Tho Rice, Jon a Bowman, 

James Howard, Edm d Bridge 

Joseph North, Henry Dearborn 



At a Legal Meeting of the Inhabitants of the Town of 
Machias on Monday the Eighth day of May 1786 Voted 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 133 

That this Town make application to the General Court to 
erect this Eastern District into a seperate County and make 
Machias the Shire Town — And that a Committee be ap- 
pointed to petition the Honourable the General Court in be- 
half of the Town and that the Hon bIe Stephen Jones Esq 1- 
James Avery Esq 1 " Col George Stillman Cap 1 David Long- 
fellow & M r William Tupper be said Committee Allso Voted 

That the said Committee apply to the Hon'ble Caleb Davis 

Esq* & Benjamin Hichborne Esq 1 " to assist them in bringing 

forward their aforementioned application to effect 

A True Copy Attest 

Ralph H Bowles 

Town Clerk 



Petition for the Regulation of Fishery on Saco River. 

To the honorable the Senate & House of Representatives in 
general Court assembled — 

Humbly shew, the Inhabitants on Saco River, that the 
Salmon and other fish which annually come up said river to 
spawn, are of great Benefit to your Petitioners; and that 
there is great danger of their being destroy'd, by the con- 
stant catching of them not being regulated, therefore \our 
Petitioners humbly pray, that your Honors would pass an 
Act to regulate said Fishery as in your Wisdom shall seem 
best. And your Petitioners as in duty bound shall ever 
pray &° 

Richar d Jordan Samuel Seamman, 

Benj a Hooper, Humphry Pike 

James Emery, 



134 DOCIWIKNTAUY HISTORY 

Pet of J as. Avery. 

To the Honourable Senate & House of Representatives of 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General Court 
assembled 
The I'd it ion of .lames Avery Humbly Sheweth That by a 
resolve of the General Court passed July 1785 lands were 
granted to Jonathan Eddy Esq 1 " & several others who were 
(by reason of their attachment to the United States) obliged 
to leave Nova Scotia during the late War, & take protection 
in this Commonwealth, Four Petitioner is not included in the 
Names mentioned in the said Resolve, altho' he was one of 
those who came with said Eddy, (& has equal & as just claim 
with the others) & on his arrival within this Commonwealth 
immediately enter'd into the Service and continued in the 
same nearly the whole continuance of the War, for which he 
only received his "Nominal Pay without any Gratuity, Com- 
mutation on Lands, as those belonging to Ten Regiments that 
belonged to this Commonwealth in Continental Army re- 
ceiv'd — Your Petitioner therefore prays the Hon'ble Court 
will be pleas'd to take his Case into Consideration & be pleas'd 
to grant him a small Tract of unappropriated Land adjacent 
to Machias, under such regulations as Your Wisdom may 
think fit, and as in Duty bound will ever pray 

Ja 8 Avery 



Petition of William Hagget. 

To the Honorable Senate and the Honorable House of Repre- 
sentatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts — in 
General Court assembled — 
The Petition of William Hagget late of Somersetshire in 

Great Britain, and now residing in Falmouth in the County 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 135 

of Cumberland and Commonwealth aforesaid Trader 
humbly sheweth — 

That he came to this Country from Great Britain afore- 
said, about the 23 d of November 1784 — That he has since 
purchased a Freehold in said Falmouth and intends with 
your Honors Permission to abide in the Place of his present 
Residence and therefore wishes to be naturalized and become 
intitled to the Rights Liberties and Privileges of a free Citi- 
zen of the Commonwealth aforesaid — He therefore prays 
that your Honors would pass an Act by which these Benefits 
may be conferred upon him — And as in Duty bound will 
pray — 

W m Haggett 
Falmouth May 1786 j- 



Petition of Inhabitants of Shapleigh. 

To the Honorible Sennet & house of Representatives in Gen- 
eral Corte Convend 

We the humble Petitioners Beg Leve to Present there 
Petition to your Honors Humbly shewing y e Subscribers in- 
habetants of the town of Shapleigh and whereas y e town of 
Lebenon has Esesed y e afore s d town as ajasents and for their 
Non aQuaintance of y e Nonber of the inhabitants and have 
Laid the Burden on about one thirde of the inhabitants We 
therefore beg that your Honours Would impower y e before 
mentioned inhabatents to Essesed the Sum upon the hole of 
the Rateble inhabetants So the Burden be not So Hevy for 
them Few alredy Essesed are not able to Pay y e Sum all the 
roun Stock will not Pay the Sum We therefore beg that 



i:;i; 



lioci'M i:\TAKY II ISTOBT 



your 1 [onours would 

honors will tor Kver 
Thomas Dolac, 

John W liium, 

Ralph Faruham 
Benjamin Drew, 
Levi Menele, 
1 vidian! Dooer, 

liis 

Selias X Door, 

mark 

Peter Door, 
Nicholas York, 
Samuel Merrey, 
Samuel bean, 
Ephram Goodwin, 
Gershom Picker, 
Daniel baird, 
Ephram Plumer, 
Samuel Willey, 
Joseph Merrey, 



take it into Considration and your Peti- 
Pray & c 

< Icinet Heal 

Benj Cimin, 

Steven belby, 

Jacob Horsom, 

Paul Woodman, 

Samuel Shorey, 

Paul Downs, 

Richard Door J r , 

Nathan Nooks, 

Moses Corsen, 

James Doans, 

Josiah Magoon, 

Edward Magune, 

John Vose, 

Philip Tibets, 

Rubes Winlord, 

Benj a Shorey 



Valuation of Counties in 1786. 

At a Meeting of the Members of the General Court from 
the several Towns in the County of York for the purpose of 
considering at what Kate each Town & Plantation ought to 
stand in the Valuation it was agreed that the same should 
stand as follows Viz 



York- 


6. 


. 4 




Massabesick 


— 15. 


.0 


Kittery 


6. 


. 9. 


.1 


Coxhall 


1.. 0. 


.0 


Wells 


5. 


.10. 


.6 


Limerick 


9. 


.0 


Berwick 


8. 


.14. 


.3 


Brownfield 


— G. 


.0 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 137 



Arundel 


2. 


.16. 


.0 


Little falls 


12. 


.0 


Biddeford 


2. 


. 9. 


.0 


Shapleigh 


1.. 2. 


.1 


Pepperelborough 2 . 


. 5. 


.0 


Little Ossipee 


13. 


.2 


Lebanon — 


1. 


.10. 


.9 


Washington 


7. 


•03/ 4 


Stanford — 


1. 


.10. 


.9 


Parsonfield 


1.. 1. 


.oy 2 


Buxton 


1. 


.19. 


.0 


Francisborough 


7. 


•01/2 


Fryburge 


— 


19. 


.0 









£46 .. 19 .. SS^ 

The County of Lincoln agree that the four pence on the 
pound (as a sinking fund) return to the Several Towns from 
which it was taken. And that the several Sums be allowed 
to the Several Towns as in the Schedule below — 



2. 


. 19- 


• 7% 


Pownalboro' 


2 


11 


5 


Georgetown 


1 


11 


1% 


Woolwich 


1 


8 


8 


Waldo wboro' 


1 


4 


10 


Topsham 




13 


3y 2 


Winslow 


1 





% 


Bowdoinham 


1 


7 


1034 


Boothbay 


2 


7 


8 


Bristol 


1 


9 


6y 2 


Vasselboro' 


1 


3 


i% 


Edgecomb 


1 


11 


ey 2 


Hallowell 




17 


53/ 4 


S 1 Georges 




14- 


-ioy 2 


Warren 




13- 


- ?% 


Thomastown 


1 


13 


2 X /2 


Bath 


1 


1 


9V2 


Winthrop 




11 


7 


Lewistown 




11 


4y 2 


Ballstown 




13 


y 2 


Walpool 




6. 


. 5 


Wales 



— 0.. 


3— 


to be added 


7/11 


2.. 


3 


2.. 


3 




10 


2- 


4y 2 


2- 


4% 



1.. 


2 


1.. 


2 


1.. 


iy 2 


1.. 


iy 2 


1.. 


iy 2 


1 . 


i 



i:;s 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



11 

19 

11 



8% 

ey 2 



Canan 
Pittstowii 

Medencook 
Xewcastle 
( 'aniden 



9y 2 
5y 2 

1.. 5l/ 2 
4 



;50 .. 12 .. 634 carried over 


1-4- 


1% 


Brought over 


£30 .. 12 . 


. 6^ 


Norredgewalk 


7. 


9 


Sterlingtown 


4. 


4 


Machias 


1. 0. 


2 


Bellport 


5 . 


2 


Hancock 


10. 


?y 2 


Mount desert 


15. 


3 


X" 1 Plantation East Penobscot 


6. 


9 


N°2 


7. 


4y 2 


N°3 


1. 2 


93/4 


N°4 


12. 


-y 2 


N°5 


10. 


4% 


N°6 


10 


43/ 4 


N° 1 East Side Union River 


12 


434 


N°2 


11 


3% 


N°3 


8 


1M 


N°4 


4 


10 


N°5 


10 


1% 


N°6 


7. 


ioy 2 


N°22 


4. 


1 


Plantation West Side Penobscot 


10. 


7 


Plantation on d° 


8. 


103/4 


Deer Island 


1. 2. 


1% 


Fox Island 


12- 


9y 2 


Long Island 


7. 


1034 



£43.. 6.. 3M 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 

Cumberland Co. 



139 



Falmouth 

X Yarmouth 

Scarborough 

Brunswick 

Harpswel 

C Elizabeth 

Gorham 

Windham 

X Glocester 

Gray 

Hardwick 

Royalsborough 

Raymontown 

Bakerstown 

Sylvester 

Brigtown 

Sheperdstown 

Otisfield 



£ 


s. 


d 


7 


11 


7i/ 2 


5 


2 





4 


12 


1 


2 


2 


6 


1 


16 





2 


6 


6 


3 


6 





1 


13 


6 


1 


19 


oy 2 





14 


r/ 4 





19 


6 




14 







6 


6 




10 


8l/ 2 




9 


11% 




8 


5% 




8 


3 




6 




£36. 


5. 


5% 




18 


2y 2 



£35 



3*4 



Collectors ISTam.es 


Towns 








Joseph Hubbard 


Wells 


15 


5 


2 


Samuel Gooch 


d° 


99 


17 


4 


Jonathan Hill 


d° 


117 


13 


8 


Moses Hodgdon 


Berwick 


73 


19 


11 


Benj Hodgdon 


d° 


65 


13 


7 


Hump y Chadburne 


d° 


377 


9 


10 


Mark Baker 


Arundell 


99 









1 |M 



DOT I'M EXTARY II I STORY 



Srth IJurnliain 


d° 


82 


4 


4 


Abraham Bradley 


l'r\ burgh 


40 


11 


4y 2 


John Emmons 


Coxhall 


35 


3 


4 


[sachar 1 >am 


d° 


46 


10 





Josbna Pray 


Lebanon 


147 


15 





Closes Ames 


Fryburgh 


77 


9 


11 


On Continental N" c 


2 


1151 


16 


2i/ 2 


William Jefferds 


Wells 


310 


4 


5 


Josepli Hubbard 


d° 


250 


10 


8 


Jonathan Hill 


d° 


242 


1 


4 


Samuel Goocb 


d° 


247 


3 


7 


X;i th 1 Rogers 


Kittery 


303 








Xoah Staples 


d° 


331 


7 


2 


Hump 11 Chadburn 


Berwick 


573 


16 


8 


Isacbar Dam 


Coxhall 


64 








John Emmons 


d° 


56 








Seth Burnbam 


Arundell 


219 


11 


1 


Mark Barter 


d° 


260 


8 


11 


Hump h Whitten 


Sandford 


112 


4 


7 


Moses Ames 


Fryburgh 


71 


10 





Abraham Bradley 


d° 


61 


10 





Samuel Clark 


York 


304 


3 


9 


On State Tax N° 3 




3407 


12 


2 


David Thomas 


Biddeford 


113 


16 


11 


Gilbert Warren 


Berwick 


460 


10 





Robert Wells 


Wells 


154 


6 


6 


Stephen Annis 


d° 


146 


19 


5 


Gold & Silver Tax 1780 




875 


12 


10 


James Witherell 


Lebanon 

Total 


65 


2 


11 




10,453 


3 


7y 2 




Thomas Ivers 


Treas. 



Treasury Office 8 Febru y 1786 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 141 

Letter from E Storer. 

Boston, June 15 th 1786. 
Sir 

Agreably to a desire of the Committee I enclose a memo- 
randum of Grants in the new Townships — the reason you 
did not have it with the other papers was, because there was 
a Committee of the Corporation appointed to represent that 
matter to the General Court by way of Memorial. — 

I am Sir with much respect, Your humble servant 

E. Storer 

P. S. I would just observe, perhaps it may not be thought 

foreign to the purpose that the Ferry w h has been reckoned a 

valuable Income has not earned from the year 1775 to the 

present time but about £350 owing to the rents being rec d in 

paper money & the great expence in repairing length of boat 

& widening the way &c — 

James Bowdoin Esq 1 " 



Receipt- of John Wigglesworth. 
1783 

July Recd a Warrant on the Treasurer in part £105 

1784 

July Rec d a Warrant in full to Jan 5 ' 1 — 233.7.8 Total 

338.7.8 

The Warrants were for Services from 1 June 1781, being 

2 years & 7 Months 

L. Wigglesworth 

County of York 

York, John Sweet, Esq; Kittery, M r Joshua Hubbard, 
Wells, a Col. Noah M. Littlefield, Berwick, John Hill, Esq ; 
Biddeford, a Jeremiah Hill, Esq; Sanford, Major Caleb 
Emery. 



142 DOCUMEXTAKY HISTORY 

. I cc f of Grant of Lands to the College. 

The following minutes of reservation in sundry Town- 
ships for Harvard College were taken from the Records of 
the General Court, by James Winthrop, Librarian, who 
searched them from May 17.V.) to May 1774 excepting the 
Volume from June 1768 to May 1769 which was missing. — 

One Sixty fourth of a Township six miles square between 
Penobscott & S l Croix, granted to David Bean & others. — 

One Sixty fourth of three Townships, each six miles square, 
contiguous to each other & to some incorporated Towns be- 
tween Penobscott & S l Croix, granted to Moses Twitchell & 
others. — 

One sixty fourth of six townships each six miles square 
contiguous one to another & to some former Grants between 
Penobscott iV S' ( 'mix, granted to David Marsh & others 

One Sixty fourth of a Township six miles square between 
Penobscott & S l Croix adjoining to some former Grants 
granted to Eben r Thorndike & others. 

One Sixty fourth of a Township six miles square between 
Penobscott & S l Croix adjoining to some former Grant granted 
to Wait Wadsworth & others, — 

One Sixty fourth of a Township six miles square between 
Great Ossapee river running into Saco River & the Moun- 
tains above Pigwackwacket, Granted to Joseph Frye. — 

One Sixty fourth of a Township seven miles & y 2 square 
in the unappropriated Lands east of Saco River Granted to 
Samuel Gerrish & others 

One Sixty fourth of a Township seven miles square east of 
Saco River, granted to P>enj a Milliken & others, the east cor- 
ner l)ounds on Col Fryes Town. 

One Sixty fourth of a Township seven miles square Nar- 
ragansett N° 5 granted to John Gorham & others. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 143 

One Sixty fourth of a Township six miles square east of 
Saco river, granted to Joseph Sylvester & others. 

One Sixty fourth of a Township six & three quarters miles 
square east of Saco river, granted to W m Raymond & others. 

One Sixty fourth of a Township now called Townsend or 
Northtown, seven miles square, east of Saco river, granted to 
James Prescott & others. 

One Eighty fourth of Machias granted to Ichabod Jones & 
others, described as follows, beginning at a dry rock at a 
place call'd eastern Bay near the house of M r Sam 1 Holmes 
& extending North 10°, W. ten miles, then West 10°, S. eight 
miles, then S. 10° E. ten miles then E. 10°, S. eight miles to 
the first mentioned bouncF 

One Eighty fourth of Township Six & three quarter miles 
square, adjoining to the same Town east of Saco River granted 
to David Phips & others. 

One Sixty fourth of Township Six & one quarter miles 
square, adjoining to some former grants east of Saco river, 
granted to Joshua Fuller & others — 

One Sixty fourth of a Township six & three quarter miles 
Square, east of Saco River adjoining to some former grant, 
granted to Sam 1 Livermore & others. 

One Sixty fourth of a Township seven miles square East 
of Saco River adjoining to some former grant granted to 
James Otis & others. 

One Sixty fourth of a Township seven miles square east of 
Saco River adjoining to some former Grant granted to John 
Gardner & others. 

N. B. — Some of these Grants were since the war confirm'd 
to the original Proprietors. — without the reservation to the 
College. 



144 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Nath 1 Green Moody s Petition. 

To the Hon ble the Senate and Hon We House of Representatives 
of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General Court 
assembled at Boston February s st 1786 — 
The Petition of Nathaniel Green Moody Humbly Sheweth 
That your Petitioner was an inhabitant of Falmouth in 
Casco-Bay when that Town was burnt on the 18 th October 
1775, that he lost his House and many valuable Articles, by 
which means he was reduced to distressing Circumstances — 
and further, your Petitioner was Clerk of said Town, and 
being determined at all events to save the Records, (which he 
effected) neglected saving his own Effects, which greatly 
added to his Distress; and as the office of Messenger to your 
Honours is become vacant by the Death of M r Baker your Peti- 
tioner prays that he may be appointed to said Office in his 
Room & he will, as in Duty bound forever pray 

Nathaniel Green Moody 
In Senate Feb y 1, 1786. 

Read and order'd that this Petition be sent down for 

concurrence 

dismissed 



Petition of Suncooh Inhabitants. 

To the Honourable the Senate and House of Representatives 
in General Court assembled at Boston Feb r 1 st A : D. 
1786 — 
The Petition of Sundry of the Inhabitants of a Tract of 
Land lying in the County of York Granted by the General 
Court as a compensation to the sufferers in the Pembroke 
(alia Suncook) Lands being taken off to New Hampshire in 
the running of the line between the three Provinces — 
Humblv Sheweth 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 145 

That your Petitioners some few years back came into this 
Inhospitable Wilderness to Cultivate the same that it might 
yield food for us & our Familys and with much dificulty & 
great hardships have hitherto subsisted being at a great dis- 
tance from any Sea-port And having ten or Twelve Miles to 
go in a very bad way and a large River to cross to get grind 
or meal for our Families for altho the Proprietors have built 
a Mill or Mills yet by reason of the Dam breaking or washing 
away two Falls running we have had no benefit thereby as 
yet And as an addition to our other hardships the Inhabitants 
of Fryeburge have for several years past assessed us in an 
heavy Tax and threaten to take away the small number of 
cattle we now possess which would compleat our Ruin — 

Your petitioners therefore Humbly Pray that your Honours 
would abate our Rates or in some way relieve us as you in 
your Wisdom think fit — 

And your Petitioners as in duty bound shall ever Pray 

John Stearns, Joseph Kilgore, Stephen Dresser, Joshua 
Whiting, Abraham Andrews, Benjamin Stearns. 



Petition of Jonathan Powers. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts \ To the Honorable the 
Senate & House of Representatives in General Court 
Assembled Feb y 1786 — 

The Petition of Jonathan Powers Humbly Sheweth — 
That your Petitioner was in the Continental Army in Cap 1 
Jabez Lanes Company & in Col Tho 8 Nixons Regiment & 
your Petitioner applyed for the ballance due to him for said 
service & there found that it was drawn & Paid to some other 
Person without any Knowledge or Consent to the Ammount 

11 



146 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

of fifty five Pounds, Seventeen shillings & 3 d Pence in Specie 

note 8 -- Your Petitioner therefore humbly Pray your Honors 

that he may have Justice done him by ordering the said 

Money Paid & your Petitioner as in duty bound will ever 

Pray 

Jonathan Powers 

Jon a Powers a Serg* in Col° Nixons Reg* was Certified 
May 1G, 1782 for 28 — 19 — 9 Specie 

Lincoln Ss January 26 th 178G personally appeared the 
above named Jonathan Powers & made oath to the truth of 
the above petition by him subscribed 

Before me 

Tim Langdon Jus 8 Pacis 
Specie Notes paid to John P>ailey of Newbury Newhamp- 
shire State 31 ..7. 6. 

We the Subscribers of Lawful] age Testify & Say That we 
have well Known Jonathan Powers a Number of years, and 
he always appeard to us to be an Honest Punctual man — 
and we never heard any harm of him in any Respect. Said 
Powers has lived in the Town of Pownalboro.' ever Since 
the peace — and we have often beard him Say that he was 
like to lose his wages, by reason of Some persons Counter- 
feiting his Name & Drawing his wages which he said was 
very hard as he had served the United States four years in 
the Army 

John Sevey, Joseph Harfard, Abraham Nason 

Lincoln Ss. Pownalborough June the 1, 1786 — 

Personally appeared the above Named John Sevey, Joseph 
Harfard & Abraham Nason, and made oath to the truth of 
the above Deposition — before me — 

Moses Davis Justice of Peace 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 147 

Treasury Office July 3 d 1786 
it appears by the Rolls in this office that the deprecia" notes 
that were due to Jon a Powara Serg* in Nixon Reg 1 was drawn 
by Aaron Wood p r order am in OC 1437.. 8 .. 11 the Specie 
Notes due to the above named was drawn by a John Bayly or 
Bagly of Newbury in Xewhampshire State Specie notes in- 
cluding present, prem 8 & one years Interest amount to thirty 

one pounds 17/6 

Attest Samuel Foster 



Certificate in re Francis Hatch. 

This certifies that Francis Hatch Jun r of Wells was a 
Soldier or Noncomission Officer in the Comp y commanded by 
Cap 1 Samuel Saver dec d in the year 1776 that he returned 
from his Captivity in the Month July 1777 that according to 
his Account he lost his Gun & Cloathing was carried to Canada 
from thence to Nova Scotia that he suffered great hardships 
until! his Return to Boston that he never received any Com- 
pensation for his Loss nor any Wages after the first day of 
January 1777 so that there still remains due to him about 
Fifty Dollars as Wages besides Compensation for losses which 
Account as given by him We believe to be true he being a 
poor honest man 

Joshua Bragdon, John Stover \ Select Men of Wells 
Wells Jan y 26 th 1786. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate March 3 rd 1786 
Whereas it appears to this Court that Francis Hatch Jun r 
of Wells in the County of York who was a Sergeant in the 



1 l.s [)(i('| \] ]-;\ lAliY II ISTOKY 

continental Service in Cap 1 Samuel Saver's Company in Coll 
John Pattersons Regiment, was captivated in the year 1776 
by the Indians at a place called the Ceders & thence carried 
to Quebec!* & that he received Wages no longer than nntill 
the End of that year tho' he remained in Captivity until! the 
7"* day of July 1777 therefore 

Resolved that there be allowed & paid out of the publick 
Treasury of this Commonwealth, to the said Francis Hatch 
Jun r , the sum of Fifteen pounds, in full for Wages during his 
Captivity, & that the sum be charged to the United States. 



Papers endorsed: M r Wells to bring in Resolve provid g 

for payment of Wages .March 24 th 178(5 Refer d to next 
Gen 1 Court. 

July 8, 1786 Refer'd to next session 



Francis Hatch -hut'" Memorial. 

To the Hon ble Senate & House of Representatives of the Com- 
monwealth of Massachusetts in general Court assembled 
Fel> y 1786 
The Memorial of Francis Hatch Jun r of Wells in the 
County of York humbly shews that in the year 1776 he en- 
listed into the Continental Army to serve in the Company 
under the Command of Cap 1 Samuel Saver dec d in Coll John 
Pattersons Regiment that in the month of May in the same 
year Your Mem was captivated by the Indians at a place 
called the Ceders & thence carried to Quebec when he re- 
mained above Six Months & from thence was sent to Halifax 
& from thence to Boston where he arrived on the 7 th day of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 149 

July 1777, that he lost his Cloaths Fire Arm & other Ac- 
coutrements of the Value of Fifteen pounds, that your Mem" 
never received any Compensation for his Loss sustained as 
aforesaid neither did lie receive Wages any longer than untill 
the first day of January 1777 so there still remains due to 
him Wages for Six Months & seven days, which as your Mem 
was a Sergeant will amount to Fifteen pounds, that your 
Petitioner suffered great hardships, during his Captivity & 
is a very poor Man Wherefore your Mem prays that his Case 
& Circumstances may he considered by the Legislature & that 
a reasonable Compensation may be granted him for his Loss 
Sufferings & Services & your Mem as in duty bound will 
ever pray &c 

Francis Hatch Jun r 

In Senate Feb y 2 d 1786 

Eead & committed to Joseph B Varnum Esq 1- with such as 

the Hon bIe House shall join, & the Committee are directed to 

consider the cases of persons in similar circumstances & 

Report 

Sent down for concurrence 

Sam 1 Phillips jun r Presid t 

In the House of Representatives Feby 20, 1786 

Read and concurred & M r Hutchinson & M r Patterson are 

joined. 

A Ward Speaker 



This may Certifie that M r Francis Hatch Ju r was a Ser- 

gent in Cap 1 Samuel Sayer Company and Con 1 John Pattison 

Ridgment was taken a Prisoner at the Seaders in the year 

1776 May 20 

Jeremiah Littlefield 3 d Lieut. 



150 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

< 'uinmnnwealth of Massachusetts 

The Committee to whom was refered the Petition of 
Francis Hatch Jun r , & who were directed to consider the case 
of Persons in Simelar circumstances, have Attended the Serv- 
ice Assigned them, and find that Provision has been made by 
Congress for the payment of the Wages of such Officers & 
Soldiers as have been Prisoners in the course of the late War ; 
that no Provision has been made for compensating Officers & 
Soldiers for losses they have Sustained in Clothing &c in 
consequence of their being Captivated by the enemy & in 
Battle; and as it would be exceeding unequell that such 
Losses should be payed for by this Common wealth, without 
a reimbursement thereof by the United States; Your Com- 
mittee take leave to Suggest the Propriety of requesting Tlis 
Excellency the Governor, to Write to the Delegates from this 
Commonwealth in Congress, informing them that it is the 
Pleasure of the General Court that they Lay the matter be- 
fore Congress, and use their endeavour thai Provision be 
made to compensate for such Losses. 

J B Varnum P r Order 
all which is Submitted 

In Senate March 2 d 178 G. 

Read & accepted 

Sent down for concurrence 



Treasurers Letter to E Bridge Escf Sheriff of Lincoln County. 

May it please your Honors 

The Treasurer begs leave to represent — That Edmund 
Bridge Esq Sheriff of the County of Lincoln has adjusted his 
account of Executions against Delinquent Collectors in the 
said County — by which it appears, That the Executions 
against the following Collectors, remains due Viz 1 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 151 

William Whitticr of Winthrop— 103. 7. 8 

Xath 1 Low of Window 164 . 1.11 



Tax 1781 New Emission Bills 2G7 . 9 . 7 

Zebulon Prebble — of Bowdoinham — 59.19. 3 

Moses Hastings — of Vassalborough — 63.18. 3 

X a t h 1 Low — of Winslow 127 . 13 . 8 



October 1781 tax— 251.11. 2 

Also the sum of Twenty four pounds five shillings & two 

pence remains due from the s d Edmund Bridge Esq 1 " for the 

Balance of his account of Executions returnd by him satisfied 

Thomas Ivers Treas 1- 
Treasury Office 8 th February 1786 



Governors Message Feb ry 10, 1786. 

Gentlemen of the Senate & Gentlemen of the House of 
Representatives 
I sent you a message the 24 th of November last, relative to 
the encroachments, which the Government of the new british 
Province of New Brunswick were disposed to make on the 
territorial rights, & sovereignty of this Commonwealth, and 
of the United States. Since which a letter has been received 
from James Avery Esq r our Excise Officer at Machias, dated 
the 24 th of December last : in which he mentions he had just re- 
ceived advice from Passamaquoddy, that M r Weir the House 
Sherriff for Charlotte County in that Province, a few days 
before went on to Moose Island, & took the body of M r Tuttle 
Deputy Collector of Excise on an Action of debt ; & told him 
he must either find bail, or be carried to Goal at S l Andrews. 
Upon M r Tuttle's informing the Sherriff, that he considered 
himself a subject of this State, & should not regard him as 
an officer the Sherriff called on some of the inhabitants to 



['r2 DOCl MKN'l AK-Y J1ISTORY 

assist him to carry M r Tuttle to Goal, but they refusing, he 
informed ilicin, he should go to the neighbouring Island of 
( anipo Bello, & get assistance from the Ship lying there: 
being determined to carry the said Tuttle to Goal ; & that 
orders had come from S l Johns to exercise jurisdiction over 
the inhabitants of Moose Island. 

This account is in part confirmed by a letter communicated 
to me by Leonard Jarvis Esq r who, as he has lately been in 
that Country, can give information concerning the circum- 
stances of it. 

M r Avery concludes his letter with his expressed hope, that 
Government will take some steps to prevent its subjects from 
being insulted by a foreign power; & being liable to be 
dragged away by armed force. 

In my former message on this subject I acquainted you, 
Gentlemen, that Congress had been made acquainted with all 
the proceedings referred to in that message ; and had sent an 
Account of them to the Minister of the United States in 
London. 

This affair, Gentlemen, merits your serious consideration. 

M r Avery's letter, which will be laid before you, mentions 

several things respecting the duty of his Office; & that of the 

Naval Officers within his District: which may also require 

your consideration. 

James Bowdoin 
Council Chamber February 10 th 1786 



Govr s Message Feb. 14, 1786. 

Gentlemen of the Senate, and Gentlemen of the House of 
Representatives 
By the Returns made into the Secretary's Office of the 
number of Inhabitants in the several Towns and Plantations 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 153 

in this Commonwealth, pursuant to an Act and Resolution of 
the Legislature, it appears there are three hundred & fifty 
two thousand, one hundred & seventy one Whites; and four 
thousand three hundred and seventy one Blacks: the particu- 
lars of which you will observe by the account taken of them 
by the Secretary from those Returns. — As neither the Act 
nor Resolution contains any order for transmitting such ac- 
count to Congress, you will please Gentlemen, to give the 
needful directions for that purpose; expressing your mind, 
whether a copy of that Act and Resolution shall be sent with 
that account. 

I have received Letters from the Secretary of Congress, 
(which will be laid before you) enclosing a state of the Rep- 
resentation of the United States in Congress for each of the 
months of November, December and January last : by which 
it appears, that no more than seven States have at any time 
in those months been represented : a circumstance much to be 
regretted, as such a representation, according to the Confed- 
eration, is not competent to business of importance. We 
have however, the satisfaction of knowing, that this deficiency 
is in no part of it attributable to this Commonwealth. 

James Bowdoin 
Council Chamber, February 14 th 1786. 



Report of Richard Trevett. 

Naval Office Port of York [ A general acco 1 Currant of Light 

Money Rec d by Rich d Trevett for the Com 11 Welth of 

Massachusetts for the year 1785 — Viz 1 

March 29 th of Sam 1 Sewall, for Brig tn Polly 70 Tons a 2 d for 

West Indies £0 .. 11 .. 8 June 14 th D° Zebulon Harmon, Sloop 

Seeflower a (Coaster) 30 Tons for 6 months @ 4 d [ — .. 5 — , 

30 th D° Zebulon Harmon jun r Sloop Abigal a (Coaster) 30 



1 5 1 DOCUW i:\taky history 

Tons for 6 months @ 4 d [■■—.. 5 — July 5 th D° Obadiah Don- 
oell owner of Schooner Lively 48 Tons Henry Mushemore 
Master a ashing Vessel] }■— ..8 — Aug 1 !) ,h D° Sam' Sewall, 
Brig 10 Polly 70 Tons for W: Indies }— ..11— 8, 26" 1 I)" Duty 
on Register of Brig*" Hannah Jo s Simpson Master \ — ..1 — , 
27 th D° Duty on Register of Sloop Industry John Weare D° 
-..1—, 17 th 1)° of Sam 1 Winn, Schooner Union 70 Tons, 
West Indies @ 2 d [ — .. 11 :8, Nbv r 28 th D° Obadiah Don- 
iicll. owner of Schooner Lively 48 Tons — Henry Mushemore 
Master a ashing Vessell, 6 m° @ 4 d [ —..8—, D° D° Zebu- 
Jon Harmon jun r , Sloop Abigal a Coaster 30 Tons for 6 
months — @ 4 d [ — ..5 — , D° I) Zebulon Harmon, Sloop 
Seeflower 30 Tons a Coaster for <i months @ 4 d ]■ — ..5 — , 
I)" I)" .lell'erv M nchemore, Schooner Two-friend 45 Tons — 
a fishermans, (i months @ 4 d }> — ..7 :6 1786 Jan y 12 th D° 
Thomas Harmon, Sloop Speedwell 65 Tons for West Indies 
@2 d }-—.. 10.. 10 

Dr Cr 

1785 The Treasury to Rich" 5 Trevett Nav 1 Officer — Contra. — 
Aug 1 5 th To Receipt for £1 .. 8 .. 8 

1786 
Jan y 12 th To Com @ 2 pr c on £4 .. 11 : 4 .. 1 .. 10 



£1.. 10.. 6 
I'V!,' 1 7 th To Cash the ball Sent by Judge Sewall 3 .. .. 10 



£4.. 11.. 4 

1786 C r 

Jan y 12 th By Light H 8 Money \ £4.. 11 : 4 

Collected by me for the year 1785 \ 

Fort Feb y 17 th 1786 

Errors Except d 

p r Rich d Trevett 

York Ss Feb y 17 th 1786 Then Richard Trevet made Oath 

to the Truth of the Ace 1 afores d & the same Contains all the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 155 

Sums by him Rec d for Light money for the year 1785 & to 
the 20 th day of January 1780 — 

Before me 

David Sewall J 1 Peace 



The Petition of J ere Hill & Others. 

To the honorable the Senate and house of Representatives of 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in general Court 
assembled 
The Petition of a number of the good subjects of the 
Commonwealth aforsaid whose names are hereunto subscribed 
in behalf of themselves and others humbly shews — that 
there is a parcel of Land belonging to said Commonwealth 
and within the County of York lying northerly of great 
Ossipee River: which Territory is the only one your Peti- 
tioners know of within said County — Your Petitioners 
humbly pray that they may have a grant of a Township out of 
said Territory, beginning at great Ossipee River aforsaid on 
the northern side of said River four Miles from where it 
empties itself into Saco River thence up said River about five 
Miles to Xewhampshire Line and a Line from the first men- 
tioned bounds in general parrallel with Saco River till the 
amount of six Miles square are compleated the Line from the 
two Extreams to be parrallel with said great Ossipee River as 
may best accommodate them and the public for which your 
Petitioners are willing to pay a reasonable Compensation as 
in your wisdom may seem just and your Petitioners as in duty 
bound shall ever pray — 

Jere Hill, Josiah Fairfield, 

H Gillpatrick, Joseph Libbey, 

John Wingate, Caleb Emery, 

Thos Gillpatrick, Benja Gillpatrick, 

Joseph Gillpatrick, Thomas Townson, 



156 !><>< I M K.NTAKY II [STORY 

Joseph Patterson, Allison Smith, 

A;iinn Porter, Benja Patterson 

In the House of Representatives Fel) y 1G, 1787 

liwid & committed to tlie ( 'oinniittee appointed by Resolve 

of 28 October 1783. on the subjed <>t* the unappropriated 

hinds in the County of Lincoln & c 

Sent up for concurrence 

Artemas Ward Speaker 
In Senate Feb y 20. 1787. 

Head and concurred, — and the Committee are instructed 

to make particular enquierv, whether the lands prayed for are 

not private property — 

Sent down for concurrence 

Sam 1 Phillips jim r Presid' 

In the House of Representatives Feb ry 20. 1787. 

Read and concurred. 

Artemas Ward speaker 

Boston Jan y 28. 1789 The Committee for the sale of Lands 
propose that M r Hill and others within named, — may have 
the land applyed for by them, for Two Shillings and Six 
pence per acre, to be Surveyed by a person appointed by the 
Committee, and at the expence of the purchasers present — 

M r Wells M r Jarvis & D r Cony 

Report of Committee on Kennebec Claim. 

The Committee appointed on the Kenebeck Claim and on 
the several Petitions from Booth Bay N° IV & N° V on Blew 
hill Bay N° VI & N° I on Union River and a Place called 
New Bowdoin and of Sandy River ask leave to report a State 
of facts. 

That soon after the Printed statement & the said Petitions 
were committed to them, they entered on a consideration of 
the business. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 157 

That a Captain Loach appeared before the Committee and 
informed them, that he had a claim to a considerable trad of 
Lands, included in the Lands proposed to be quit claimed or 
ceded to the Plymouth Company, and requested he might be 
heard by Council before the Committee, James Bowdoin Jun r 
Esquire and the Members of the Honourable House from Ihe 
County of Lincoln made the same request, the first on the 
part of the said Company & the latter in behalf of the Settlers 
on the Lands; the committee conceived that they should be 
justly chargeable with partiality should they refuse these ap- 
plications, they therefore appointed a time for the purpose. 
M r Benjamin Lincoln Jun r appeared in behalf of Captain 
Leach the Honourable John T^owell Esquire in behalf of the 
Plymouth Company and the Honourable James Sullivan 
Esquire in behalf of the Settlers 

The Hon ble M r Sullivan observed that the Committee who 
compiled the Printed statement, were mistaken with respect 
to the Geography of the Country and the Falls of Negumkike, 
and requested a longer time to prepare to state the matter to 
the Committee to which the Committee acceded. 

The committee conceiving this a subject of great import- 
ance, and involveing in it many intricate points, thought it 
their duty to lay the foregoing statement before the House 
that they might take such order thereon as they may think 
proper. 



John Reeds Petition. 

To the Honorable the Senate & House of Representatives in 
General Court assembled 
The Petition of John Reed of Topsham in the County of 
Lincoln — 



158 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Humbly shews thai lie was a Captain of a Company of 
men under t ho Comand of Coll James Hunter in the service 
of the Common Wealth in the year 1782 that While in s d 
service he received from Joseph Noyes Msq. then Comissary 
at Falmouth five Barrells of Beef & one hundred rations of 
Provisions for the use of said Troops now said Noyes calls 
on him for the pay for said provision as the Comissary Gen- 
eral says that he has no Authority to Discharge said Noyes 
for any Provision delivered without his Order therefore pray 
your honours to pass an Order for the Comissary General to 
Discharge said Noyes for the Provision delivered him as it 
was actuary expended in the service of the Common Wealth 
or Other wise releive your Petitioner as in Duty Bound will 

ever pray 

John Reed 



Commonwealth of ]\1 assachusetts 

In the House of Representatives June 23, 1785 

On the Petition of John Reed of Topsham in County of 
Lyncoln, setting forth that he received of Joseph Noyes Esq r 
Commissary in the year 1782 five Barrills of Beef & one 
hundred Rations of Provisions, which were delivered with- 
out the Commissary Gen 1 Order — 

Therefore Resolved that the commissary General settle 

with said Noyes in the same manner as tho' he had given his 

Order therefore — 

Sent up for concurrence, 

Nath Gorham Spk r 

In Senate Feb y 27 th 1786 
Read & Nonconcurred 

S. Phillips jun r Presid 1 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 159 

Resolve on Petition of Inliahihinf.s of Shapleigh & Lebanon. 

To the Hon bI ° Senate and House of Representatives of the 
Commonweal ih of Massachusetts in General Court As- 
sembled Fcb y 1786. 

The Memorial and Petition of James Witherell Joshua 
Pray and Nathan Lord late Constables of the Town of 
Lebanon in the County of York humbly shews 

That, in a number of Taxes assessed by the said Town the 
Inhabitants of a certain Place called Shapleighton were As- 
sessed which Taxes were committed to your Petitioners to 
collect 

Which by Reason of the Oposition of the said Inhabitants 
has not as yet been collected tho' your Petitioners have used 
their utmost endeavours for that Purpose 

But there remains yet due to James Witherell the Sum of 
Sixty Pounds five Shillings to Joshua Pray two Hundred and 
Seventy one Pound Seven Shillings and four Pence and to 
Nathan Lord Collector for 1783 & 1784 tho Sum of Fifty 
two Pounds 

A Number of Executions have been issued by the Treas- 
urer of this Commonwealth against your Petitioners which 
they are unable to satisfy without receiving said Sums of 
said Inhabitants 

But your Petitioners are fully satisfied that it is imprac- 
ticable to collect those Sums 

The Said Inhabitants Say they are willing to Pay Said 
Sums if they are permitted and authorized to address and 
collect Said Sums by Assessors and Collectors of their own 
Election 

Your Petitioners humbly Request that said Inhabitants 
may be so permitted and authorized 

And that the Treasurer be directed to credit your Petition- 
ers for said Sums 



160 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

or that your Honors wou d relieve your Petitioners in such 
other Way as in your Wisdom Shall Seem best 

and your Petitioners as in Duty bound Shall ever Pray &c. 

James Witherell, Joshua Pray, Nathan Lord 
Superscribed : James Witherel & al Constables of Lebanon 



October 1784 
By Resolve of Court 

Taxes Due to Joshua Pray — 364—13 — 4 

By Resolve of C : 
Taxes Due to James Witherell 73 — 16 — 5 

Att October Sessions 1784 the Committee Brought Mr. 

Wethrells List Down to - - £45 — 19 — 8 Abatements in 

Prays Lists 93 : 6 : 3 Abatements in Withrells Lists 

13 — 11 — 5 Total 100:17:5 Total Joshua Bracket 

Town Clerk 

John Cook Selectman 

Mr. Prays 364. 13 — 4 Abatement taken out 093—06—0 

Remains 271—07—4 

Mr Witherell 45—19—8 Abatement taken out 13—10—5 
Remains 32—09—3 

all the Money that has been paid since October Sessions 
in 1784 is to be taken out of the sums above set down. 



Resolve on Petition of Paul D. Sargent. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Feb y 23 d 1786 
Upon the petition of Paul Dudly Sargent that the Tresurer 
may be more fully empowered to pay the Staff & field officers 
of a regiment under his command in the year 1775 notwith- 
standing his vouchers were burnt by the Enemy 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 161 

Resolved that the Tresurer be & hereby is empowrd & di- 
rected to pay said Roll to the order of Paul Dudly Sargent, 
he givng his bond with Surety to indemnify the Common- 
vnrealth against any future demands of his Staff & field officers 
aforesaid, any Law or resolve to the contrary notwithstanding 
Sent up for concurrence 

A Ward Speaker 
In Senate March 4 th 1786. 

Read and nonconcurred 

Sam 1 Phillips jun r Presid 1 

paid to P Dudley Sargeant 43 : 14 : Zy 2 

d° Jon a W Austin 29 : 2 : 10>4 

d° Peter Dolliver 8:5— Total £81 : 2 : 1% 

Boston March 8, 1786 
This certifies that I was adjutant of Col Paul D. Sar- 
gents reg 1 in the year 1775 and that I rec d my wages of him 
as made up in the field & Staff rool of s d regiment while in 
the pay of this state in the year 1775, and I am likewise 
knowing that part of the remainder of the field & Staff offi- 
cers receiving their pay of y e s d Colonel and I think the whole 

Peter Dolliver 



Paul D Sargent — 
Jonathan W Austin — 
Aron Cleveland — 
Peter Dolliver — 
Osgood Carlton — 
Parker Cleveland 
Isaiah Holt — 
Ebenezer S wetland — 

Total 

12 



£43 


:14 : 


: 3l/ 2 


29 


: 2. 


.ioy 4 


24. 


. 6. 


.10M 


8 


. 5 , 


, — 


10.. 


,18.. 


63/ 4 


18., 

8.. 

10.. 


.15.. 


, — 


, 5.. 


■ 81 /2 


£153 


. 8 


• 334 



L62 DOCUMENTARY IIISTOKY 

Memorial of Paul D. Sargent. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts Feh y 17 1786 
To tin- Elonorable the Senate and the Honorable House of 
Representatives 

Humbly Shews Paul Dudley Sargent that he paid the Field 
and Staff Officers of the Regimenl under his Command in the 
year 17T"» while in the Service of this Commonwealth and 
took their receipt therefor that he in the year seventeen hun- 
dred seventy seven left his baggage and papers at Horseneck, 
that before he could get them removed the Enemy came out 
and burnt the House in which his baggage was and with it his 
papers, by which he is deprived of his vouchers, that the 
Treasurer refuses to pay him what is due on his role unless he 
produces orders from the officers, which is not in your peti- 
tioners power, the Lieutenant ( !ol° and Ma jor being dead, the 
Chaplain, Surgeon, and Surgeons Mate, being settled in dif- 
ferent parts of the Country unknown to your petitioners or 
dead, by reason of which your petitioners can not come at 
them, therefore he prays you would order the Treasurer to 
pay him the sums due on his role, or take such order thereon 
as you in your Great Wisdom shall see proper that your peti- 
tioner may git his just due and your petitioners as in duty 

bound shall ever pray 

Paul Dudley Sargent 



Re: Bill Regulating Townships. 

March 7 th 1786 
Sir 

The Act for Regulating of Townships & Town meetings 

is inclosed for the Consideration of the general Court, Which 

some of the revising Committee, are desirous Whenever the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 163 

Code of Laws is Printed, should appear at the beginning of 
the Statutes, as it seems to be the grand Stepping Stone to 
every species of Power In the Common* 11 some of the Com- 
mittee since the Bill is drafted seem to lie of Opinion, that it 
would be eligable to fix the Time to the first Monday of April 
instead of the Month of March, in order that there might be 
a more general attendance of the Inhabitants for other Elec- 
tions that are by the Constitution Assigned to that Time, 
should that be the opinion of the general Court it may easily 
be effected, and another short Clause introduced to transfer 
all matters cognizeable in March Meetings by other Statutes 
to the first Monday in April. 

I am Sir your honours Humble Servant 
Nath 1 Peaslee Sargent \m behalf of the Revis-g Com ee 
M r President Philips 



List of Towns that have not made returns of their assessments 
to the Treasurer. 

A List of Towns that have not made any Returns to the 
Treasury of the Taxes required — viz. 

Gold & Silver Tax 1780 viz 

County of Hampshire — Myrafield — 13.16 — , County 
of York — Massabesec — 52.4 — , Limerick 11 . 8 — , Brown- 
field 11.8 — , County of Cumberland — Pearsontown 60 — 
Gray — 38.14— Sylvester — 7 . 4 Bridgetown 5.8 — Coun- 
ty of Lincoln — Winthrop — 108, Belfast — 14 . 14 — , County 
Berkshire, Plantation N° 7 — 47.8 — New Ashford —51. 
— . — Ashewelet — 54 — Total 512 .. 4 — 

Specie Tax 1781 viz — County of Berkshire — Plantation 
N° 7 — 170— County of Barnstable — Truro— 381 . 5 — 
County of York — Massabee — 210 — Brownfield — 75 — 



164 DOCCM KXTAKV HISTORY 

County nf ( 'umliorland — Peirsontown — 351 — 5, Ray- 
mondston - L25 Bakerstown — 105 — Sylvester — 105 — 
Bridgetown 138.15 — - County of Lincoln — Korridgwalk 

37.10— Lewistown — 90 — Balltowu 45 — County 
of Berkshire — Ashawclct Equivalent — 292.10— Total 
2126.. 5.. 

New Emission Tax 1781 Viz' York County — Massa- 
besec — £172.1.3 Brownfield — 51 . 14 . 4 Cumberland 
( !ounty — Pearsontown 150. .2. 1 1, Raymondston — 34.10.4 
Bakerstown — 17 . 5 . 2, — Sylvester 17.5.2, Bridgtown 
- 17 . 3 . 10 Berkshire County— New Ashford— 133 . 15 . 11, 
Ashewelet Equivalent — 221.0.1) Plantation N° 7 — 
267.9.10 Lincoln County — Belfast -36.0.7, Lower 
Town of S l Georges --112.3.5, Georgetown 633.12.10 
Total £1864.6.4 

Continental Tax N° 1, L782 Viz 1 Eampshire County — 
Plantation — N° 7 — £113.6.8, Barnstable County - 
Truro — 254.3.4 

York — ditto — Massabesec — 140 . — Brownfield — 50 — 
Littlefalls --120— Cumberland County — Gray —160 — 
Pearsontown 234 .3.4 Eaymondston — 83.6.8 Bakerstown 
- 70 — Sylvester — 70 — Bridgtown — 92 — Lincoln 
( '( unity -- Winthrop — 127 . 10 — ISTorridgwalk — 25 . — 
Lewistown — 60 — Berkshire County — Ashewelet Equiv' 
195— Total £1794.10.0 

Continental Tax iST 2 Viz 1 Hampshire County — Merry- 
field — £105 .16.8, Plantation N° 7 — 137 .6.8, Barnstable 
County Truro --254.3.4, Barnstable --1060— , York 
County — Massabesec — 140 — Brownfield — 50 — Little- 
falls — 120 — , Cumberland County Pearsontown — 234. 3 . 4 
Koyalsborough — 165 — Raymondton — S3 .. 6 .. 8 — Bakers- 
town — 70— Sylvester —70— Bridgtown —92.10 Lin- 
coln County — Bath — 240— Topsham —209.3.4 Bow- 
doinham —200— Pittston —127. 10— Howardston —45 



OF THE STATE OF MAIM: 105 

— Winslow — 135— Norridgwalk — 25 — Lewiston 

— 60 — Berkshire County — Ashewelet Equiv 1 195 — Total 
£3719.0.0 

State Tax X° 3, Viz 1 Hampshire County Plantation N° 
7 —£323- York County — Massabesec -891.16.3 
Brownfield —63.17.7 Littlefalls 377 . 15 . 11 Cumberland 
County Falmouth — 55.12.5 Cape Elisabeth — 15.3.6 
Pearsontown —368 . 12 . S Royalsborough — 268 .9.6 Ray- 
mondstown — 350 .3.4 Bakerstown — 187 . 12 . 6 Bridgtown 
-246.12.5 Sylvester 187.12.6 Lincoln County — How- 
ardston — 45, Norridgwalk — 25 — Lewistown 60 — Berk- 
shire County — Ashewelet Equiv 1 — 320.14.3>4 Total 
£3787.2.10^ 

Cass Tax Viz 1 Suffolk County — Boston £592 . 18 . 9 Wey- 
mouth 74.1.8 Essex Almsbury — 74 . 1 . 8 Middlesex Coun- 
ty — Marlborough — 74.1.8 Hampshire County — Wil- 
liamsburg — 74 . 1 . 8 Westfield 74 . 1 . 8 Plantation N" 7 — 
74 . 1 . 8 Plymouth County Rochester — 74 . 1 . 8 York Coun- 
ty — Lebanon — 74 .1.8 Massabesec 74.1.8 Brownfield 
74 . 1 . 8 Littlefalls 74 . 1 . 8 Cumberland County Pearsontown 
148 . 3 . 4 Raymondston 74 . 1 . 8 Bakerston 74 . 1 . 8 Sylves- 
ter 74 . 1 . 8 Bridgtown 74 . 1 . 8 Berkshire County — G. Bar- 
rington— 148.3.4 W. Stockbridge 74.1.8 Ashewelet 
Equiv* 74.1.8 Hancock 222 . 5 —Washington 74.1.8 
Total £2445 .0.5 

Total Sum not retumd viz 1 Gold & Silver Tax 1780 — 
512 . 4 . — Specie Tax — 1781 — 2126 . 5 —New Emission 
Tax 1781 — 1864 — 6 — 4 N° 1 — Continental Tax 1782 — 
1794.10— N" 2 — ditto 1782 — 3719— N° 3 State Tax 
1783 — 3787 .. 2 .. 10y 4 Class Tax 1782 — 2445 .0.5 Total 
16240.8 7 Z A 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

Treasury Office, 13 th Feb y 1786 
Thomas Ivers Treas. 



1GG DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Re Petition Joseph < 'lnulbourne. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

1 ii I he House of Representatives March 13 th 1786 

On the Petition of Joseph Chadbourn in behalf of the 
Plantation of Littlefalls setting forth that said Plantation 
procured and supplyed four hundred weight of Beef agree- 
able to a Resolution passed the General Court June 22 d 1781 
for which no credit was given 

Resolved that the Treasurer be, and he is hereby directed 
to Credit the Plantation of Little falls with the sum of Six 
Pounds thirteen shillings & four pence on the Execution is- 
sued against said Plantation for non compliance with the re- 
solve aforesaid 

Sent up for concurrence 

A Ward, Speaker 



To the honorable Senate and House of Representatives of the 
Common Wealth of Massachusetts in General Court 
Assembled February 1786 
the Petition of Joseph Chadbourn in behalf of the Planta- 
tion of littlefalls in the County of York humbly shews that 
the Continantall Army and they have turned into the Agent 
for said County four hundred Weight of Beef for which they 
have the agents Receipt for as they have not any Credit for 
the same and Execution have been Issued for the Beef tax 
against Said Little fall your Petitioner Prays that an Ordor 
may Pass to discharge Said Plantation for (lie Beef they 
have Returned in or Releave them — in such way as your 
honours in your Wisdom may direct and as in duty Bound 

will Ever Pray 

Joseph Chadbourn Agent. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 167 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

Secretarys Office March 11, 1786 
This may certify that it appears by the Recipts of Beef in 
this Office that the Plantation of Littlefalls in the County of 
York have not been Credited with any part of the several 
requisitions of Assessed on them by the General Court 

John Avery jun r Sec y 



Berwick Decb r 31 st 1781 
Rec'd of M r Joseph Chadbourn j r four hundred Weight of 
Beef in Part of the Plantation of Littlefalls Proportion of 
Beef assessed Said Plantation by the Resolves of the General 
Court June 22 d 1781 p r me 

Dominicus Goodwin ]■ Agent. 



Petition of Jn° Nichols in behalf of town of Washington. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To the Honorable Senat and house of Representatives 

Humbly sheweth John Xichols, in behalf of the Town of 
Washington That Havens Shearman Collector of Taxes for 
said Town, after Collecting a considerable sum, did abscond 
with the same in his hands, and that upon application made 
to this Court at their first Session, The Treasurer of this 
Commonwealth was directed to stay his Execution against 
Said Collector for the term of nine Months, which being 
Nearly expired, and Said Town having since the passing the 
said order, Settled with said Collector, by receiving from him 
a Small piece of Land, which was all that they could obtain, 
and which Cannot be sold for money at present, and whereas 
Said Town is Very poor, and unabl at present to pay the 



ICiS DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Same, Your Petitioner therefore prays Your Honours to take 
the matter under your wise Consideration, and that Said 
Treasurer may be directed to Stay his said Execution, for 
the further time of nine months in order that said Land may 
be Sold or that Said Town may have opportunity to Dis- 
charge the said Tax some other way, 

as in duty bound will ever pray 

John Nichols 



Re Petition John Nichols. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives March 13 th 1786 

on the Pettion of John Nichols in behalf of the town of 
Washington Praying that Execution may be Stayed against 
said town for Reasons seat forth in said Pettion 

Resolved that Execution be Stayed against the town of 

Washington for the further term of Seven months from the 

passing of this Resolve 

Sent up for concurrence 

A Ward Speaker 
In Senate March 16 th 1786 

Read and JSTonconcurred 

Sam 1 Phillips jun r Presid 1 



Be Petition Paul D. Sargent. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives March 13, 1786 
On the Petition of Paul Dudly Sargent Esq praying for 
a Compensatory Grant out of the unlocated Lands belonging 
to this Commonwealth in the County of Lincoln 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 169 

Resolved that Eight hundred acres of unappropriated lands 
in the County of Lincoln be granted to the said Paul Dudly 
Sargent in full for the expences made in purchasing eight 
hundred acres granted to the Soldiers by the General As- 
sembly of the late Province of the Massachusetts Bay in the 
year 1734, in the Township called Souhigan West 1ST 3 which 
by the Settlement of the line between said Province and that 
of New Hampshire fell within the limits of the latter Govern- 
ment as Set forth in said Petition, and which Grant Shall be 
in full for all claims said Petitoner may have on this State by 
means of the Aforesaid Settlement — 

Resolved that the Committee for Selling the unlocated land 

in the County of Lincoln be and they are hereby directed to 

Sett of eight hundred acres of land to Paul Dudly Sargent 

Esq 1- and his heirs for ever, out of the Land in the County 

Aforesaid and in such parts thereof as said Committee may 

see fit — 

Sent up for concurrence 

A Ward Speaker 

In Senate March 16, 1786 

Read and non concurred 

Sam 1 Phillips jun r Presid 1 
18 members present 



Memorial Paul D. Sargent. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To the honorable the Senate, & to the honble the House of 

Representatives of said Commonwealth in General Court 

assembled at Boston October 1785. 
Paul Dudley Seargent humbly sheweth That in the year 
1731 the General Assembly of the then Province of the Mas- 
sachusetts Bay granted a Township six Miles square called 



170 I)()Cr.\I K.NTAKY HISTORY 

Souhegan West X" :; to the Widows, Children & Heirs of the 
Soldiers engaged in the Narraganset Expedition, or Pequod 
War; Two Rights of which District consisting of eight hun- 
dred Acres, were purchased the same year by the Father of 
your Petitioner from the Heirs of two of said Soldiers: That 
Anno lT-'Kl by the settlement of the Line between said 
Province & that of New Hampshire the whole of said Town- 
ship fell within the Limits of the latter Government, the Soil 
& Freehold became vested in that Province & the Grant from 
.Massachusetts was vacated, notwithstanding the terms of the 
Grant had been completely fulfilled & the Dues done by the 
Grantees or their Assigns, by Means whereof your Petitioners 
Father was put to a very considerable Expence in repur- 
chasing said Lands & obtaining a Quiet Occupancy & which 
Expences have never been reimbursed, or any Compensation 
made by this Government to said Purchaser or his Heirs: 
Your Petitioner therefore prays that this honorable court 
would make him a compensatory Grant out of the unlocated 
Lands belonging to this Commonwealth lying in the County 
of Lincoln, or take such other Order on the Premises as they 
in their Wisdom shall think to Right & Equity appertains. 
And your Petitioner as in Duty bound shall ever pray 

Paul Dudley Sargent 
Boston 22 d Oct r 1785 



Message of Governor. 

Gentlemen of the Senate & Gentlemen of the House of 
Representatives 
A number of persons, who appear to be inhabitants of 
Moose Island in the Bay of Passamaqnoddy, have by their 
letter of the third of January just received, represented, that 
the Officers of the neighbouring British Province of New 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 171 

Brunswick are pursuing every method to subjugate them; & 
that several writs have been executed upon them: imploring 
the interposition of this Government, & that such steps may 
be immediately taken as arc necessary to quiet their minds, 
and give them full possession of their rights in the said Is- 
lands: as you will observe by their said letter. 

This matter, in consequence of former similar representa- 
tions, has been at your request laid before Congress ; and as 
it is in a train of settlement, there seems to be nothing further 
necessary to be done, but to quiet the minds of those inhabi- 
tants, by informing them that Congress had taken measures 
to procure an amicable adjustment of the dividing line be- 
tween the territory of the United States, & the said Province 
of Xew Brunswick ; to commend them for their resolution, 
that no allurements or threats shall induce them to for- 
sake that system & Constitution, by which they very justly 
think their natural rights & privileges will be secured; and 
to exhort them to abide by that resolution. — 

The said letter, Gentlemen, is laid before you, for your de- 
termination concerning it. — 

James Bowdoin 
Council Chamber March 21 st 1786. 



Memorial Inhabitants Moose Island. 

Moose Island Passamaquody Jan y 3, 1786 
May it Please your Excellency 

The very great trouble and distress, which we now Labour 
Under, Call aloud in behalf of ourselves & Famelys to Solicite 
the attention of your Excellency — the Island we now Live 
on appears to be in dispute, between the United States and 
Britain. The later now pursuing every Method to Subju- 
gate us — Several writs have been Executed, &by the Vigilent 
& Active Conduct of the Emmissires of Britain, several 



172 DOOMKNTAKY IIISTokY 

Credulous & [gnoranl persons have Doubled the American 

Claim — As to Ourselves Xo Allurements or Threats will 
prompt us to foresake thai system & Constitutioiij which we 
I in l.| as our .Natural Rights & privelidges — Always Confiding; 
in the Assistance of the [Jnited States — and that the Island 
Lyes within their Jurisdiction — We are people who depend 
upon Our Industry for Subsistance, & have little time to At- 
tend to such Disputes — We have therefore taken this Method 
to Beseech & Implore the Interposition of your Excellency & 
the Ilona 1 Council to take such Immediate Steps as are Neces- 
sary to Quite our Minds and Give full Possession of our 
rights and titles to said Island — 

We woud further Observe to Your Excellency that should 
"•aid Island fall into British Lines, it intercepts all Trade 
with Cobscook, which Britain Allows to fall within the States 
— With a full relyence & dependence upon Your Excellences 
Attention 

We Remain with every Respectfull Duty Your Excellency 

Most Obedient & Devoted servants 
James Cochran John Shakford, 

Joseph Clark, Caleb Boynton 

John M c Guire W" Allan, 

Nathaniel Clark, Steven fountan, 

Sam Tuttle, William goudy 

His Excellency James Bowdoin Esq 1 " 



Petition of Inhabitants of Cumberland & Lincoln Counties to 
cut a Canal from New Meadow to Merry Meeting Bay. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate March 22, 1786. 
On the petition of sundry Inhabitants of the Counties of 
Cumberland and Lincoln, praying for license to cut a Canal 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 173 

from New-Meadow River to Merry Meeting Bay: Ordered, 
that the petitioners cause an attested copy of their said peti- 
tion and this Order thereon, to be published in the Falmouth 
News Paper thirty days, at least, previously to the second 
Wednesday of the next Session of the General Court, that 
notice may thereby be given to any person or persons to shew 
cause (if any there be) on the said day, why the prayer of 
the said petition should not be granted — 
Sent down for concurrence 

Sam 1 Phillips jun r Presid 1 
In the House of Representatives March 23 d 1786. 

Read and concurred 

A. Ward Speaker 



Petition Inhabitants Cumberland and Lincoln. 

To the Hon ble the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
Common Wealth of Massachusetts, in General Court 
assembled. 

The Petition of the Subscribers (being Inhabitants of the 
Counties of Cumberland and Lincoln) humbly sheweth, That 
your Petitioners being sensible that by cutting a Canal from 
the Head of New-Meadow River into Merry-meeting Bay, 
many and great Advantages would accrue not only to the In- 
habitants of this Vicinity in particular, but to all the Mari- 
time Towns to the Westward of said River in this Common 
Wealth, and to the Publick in general — as Merry-meeting- 
Bay is the Place whare the two great Rivers of Kennebeck 
and Androscoggen meet, and is just above those dangerous 
Narrows called the Chops — Through which Canal, might be 
brought Lumber & Masts from any part of Kenebeck River 
in Rafts, directly into Casco-Bay and to Falmouth, without 



171 



DOCI M K.M'AKV HISTORY 



going in Sen or running the Hazard of going down that rapid 
Torrant, the main Stream of Kenebeck — New-Meadow 
River empties itself into Casco-Bay aboul one League and 
an half to the Westward of Small-Point, and is a very safe 
& commodious Harbour even in the most rugged Season of 
the Yc;ir for Shipping of all Sizes— From the 1 1 * *: i < 1 of 
New-Meadow River into Merry-Meeting Ray, is called little 
more than one Mile and is all the Way (excepting a very 
small Distance) low, swampy Ground and Salt-Marsh, thro' 
which is proposed to cut said ('anal, at the Expence of Sub- 
scribers; and your petitioners are willing that the Owners of 
the Land & Marsh he intituled to reasonable Dammages (if 
any they require) from the Subscribers to carry on said Busi- 
ness. Therefore your Petitioners pray your Honors Appro- 
hat ion, & that in your great Wisdom you would grant Leave 
for said propos'd ('anal to be cu1 through — And your Peti- 
tioners as in Duty hound, will ever pray 

Brunswick l sl Jan ry 1786. 



Israel Snow, 
Samuel Snow, 
Peter Combs, 
John Farrar 
Tho s Mayo Lewis, 
James Fulton, 
Joseph Comb, 
James Curtis, 
William Low, 
Nath 1 Larrahee, 
Stephen Ingham, 
John Ham, 
George Harward, 
Joshua Paine, 
Sam 1 Melchen, 



John Peterson Jun r 
Joseph Snow Jun r 
James Sampson, 
Hopstill Delano, 
Eph ra Butterfield, 
Isaac Parsons, 
Jesse Holbrook, 
Benj a Brown, 
John Winch ell, 
Jonathan Osgood, 
Ezik 1 Thompson, 
James Willson, 
Aaron Hinkley, 
Siman Duglis Esq 1- 
John Snug, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



175 



Tho 8 Cosson, 
Wm Sheffield 
John Andres, 
James Thornton, 
Rob 1 M c Farland, 
James Hunter, 
Daniel Brown Jr, 
Stephen Hinkley, 
James Mott, 
John Simons, 
Stephen Comley, 
Jeremiah Dal ton, 
William Foster, 
Thomas Berry, 
William Gatchell, 
Peter Combs Jun r 
John Emery, 
Consider Thomas, 
Robert Jordan, 
Mickel Hoggen, 
Huge Potter, 
George Coombes, 
George Coombes Jun r , 
Benj a Coombes, 
Asa Coombes, 
Tho s Coombes, 
Charles Thomas, 
Peter Woodward, 
Joseph Snow, 
Benjamin Larrabee, 
Samuel Thompson, 
John Dunlap, 
Will Brown, 
Cornelius Heath, 



David [ngham, 
[saac Cotton, 
Nath 1 Larrabee J r 
Isaac Snow J r 
Samuel Lewis, 
Jonas Dean, 
Joshua Thomas, 
Jeremiah Snow, 
John Snow, 
John Snow jnn', 
Henry Marit, 
Jesse Snow, 
George Lewis, 
Cap 1 Higgins 
Naler Marriner, 
Bangman Higgins, 
Basigman Snow, 
Sam Small, 
John Mariner, 
John Mariner juner, 
William Mariner, 
Samuil Mariner, 
Step" Gatchell, 
William Gatchell 
Benjamin Gatchell, 
Peter Jordan, 
Sam Wood, 
William Collon, 
Martun Grant, 
John Jordan, 
Abijah Jordan 
John Jordan Jim 1 ', 
Andrew Duning, 
Hugh Alexander. 



I7f> DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Mr Thomas Child Naval Officer Falmouth Account Current. 

\Y 

1784 

Light Money Port of Falmouth Casco Bay Contra 
Feb 1 st To Commissions on £9 — 

To Ballance carried to next Quarter 



May 1 st To Commissions on £13 : 5/ 

To Ballance carried to next Quarter 21 16 



July 8 th To Cash paid Treasurer 
Aug 1 1 st To Commissions on £13 . 9 . 4 

To Ballance carried to next Quarter 



Nov 1 " 1 st To Commissions on £15 . 5 . 10 

To Ballance carried to next Quarter 

1785 

Feb 1 st To Commissions on £13 .8.4 

To Ballance carried to next Quarter 



May 1 st To Commissions on £8 . 17 . 6 

To Ballance carried to next Quarter 



Aug 1 1 st To Commissions on £18 - 11 - 8 

To Ballance carried to next Quarter 



Nov r 1 st To Commissions on £13 - 9 - 2 
To Cash paid Treasurer 
To Ballance carried to next Quarter 75 



0- 


3- 


[] 


8- 


16- 


5 


£ 9 











5 


3 


21 


16 


2 


£22 


1 


5 


16 


16 


8 





5 


4 


18 


3 


6 


£35 


5 


6 





6 





33 


3 


4 


33- 


- 9- 


4 





5 


4 


46 


6 


4 


£46- 


-11- 


- 8 





3 


6 


55 





4 


£55- 


- 3- 


-10 





7 


4 


73 


4 


8 


£73- 


-12- 


- 





5 


4 


11 


3 





75 


5 


6 


£86- 


-13- 


■10 



OV THE STATE OF MAINE 177 
1786 

Feb 1 st To Commissions on £16 - 9 - 6 6 6 

To Cash paid Treasurer 20 13 3 

To Ballance carried to next Quarter 70 15 3 



£91-15- 

Mar: 9 th To Cash Paid Treasurer 20- 0- 

May 1 st To Commissions on £5 . 7 . 8 2 1 

To Ballance carried to next Quarter 56 10 



£76 2 11 



C r 

1784 

Feb 1 st By Duty on 16 Vessels 1080 Tons @ 

2 d to this day 9 - - 



£9- 0- 
May 1 st By Ballance bro* from 1 st Quarter 8 - 16 - 5 

By Duty on 19 Vessels 1590 Tons @ 

2 d to this day 13-5-0 



£22- 1- 5 
Aug 1 1 st By Ballance br 1 from 2 d Quarter 21 - 16 - 2 

By Duty on 21 Vessels 1616 Tons @ 

2 d to this day 13-9-4 



£35- 5-6 
Nov r 1 st By Ballance bro 1 from 3 d Quarter 18 - 3 - 6 
By duty on a Foreign Vessel 70 Tons 

@ 4 d omitted 3a July last 1 - 3 - 4 

By D° on 13 Vessels 995 Tons @ 2 d 

to this day 8-5-10 

By D° on a Foreign Vessel 350 Tons 

@ 4 d 5-16-8 

£33- 9- 4 
13 



178 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

1785 

Feb l Bt By BaUance bro* from 4 th Quarter 33- 3- 4 

By Duty on 20 Vessels 1470 Tons @ 

2 d to this day 12 - 5 - 

By D° on a Foreign Vessel 70 Tons 1 - 3 - 4 



£46-11- 8 
May I s ' By Ballance br< from last Quarter 46- 6- 4 

By Duty on 11 : Vessels =9 45 Tons 

@ 2 d to this day 7 - 17 - 6 

By D° on a Foreign Vessel 60 Tons 

(a) 4 d 1 



£55- 3 -10 

Aug' 1 st By Ballance br from last Quarter 55 - - 4 

By Duty on 14 Vessels 910 Tons @ 

2 d to this day 7 - 11 - 8 

By D° on 2 Foreign Vessels 610 Tons 

@ 4 d 10-3-4 

By D° on 1 Coaster 50 Tons for the 

Year 0-16- 8 



£73-12- 

Nov r 1 st By Ballance bro* from last Quarter 73 - 4 - 8 
By Duty on 20 Vessels 1465 Tons @ 

2 d to this clay 12-4-2 

1786 

Feb 1 st By Ballance bro' from last Quarter 75 - 5 - 6 
By Duty on 26 Vessels 1807 Tons @ 

2 d to this day 15 - 1 - 2 

By D° on 2 Coasters 45 & 40 Tons 

15/&13/4 1-8-4 

£91-15- 3 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 179 

May 1 st By Ballance bro' from last Quarter 70-15- 3 
By Duty on 10 Vessels 646 Tons @ 

2 d to tli is day 5-7-8 



£76- 2-11 
Tho 8 Child 

NOff r 



Cumberland Ss Falmouth, May 13 th 1786 M r Thomas 

Child, Naval Officer for this Port, made oath that the fore- 

going is a true Acco* of all the Light Money he has receiv d 

since the resolve or Act respecting the Same took Place 

Coram Enoch Freeman Jus 1 Pacis 
June 9 — 1786. 



An Account of Duties Received Naval Office Port Fal- 
mouth between 1 st Aug 1 1785 & 1 st May 1786 Viz' 

On 7. Registers 1 Quarters . 7 . 0, 9 Registers 2 d Quarter 
-0 — 9 — 0, 7 Registers 3 d Quarter — 7 — 0, One 
Charter Party & three Bills Lading —0 — 3 — 3 Total 
£1 : 6 — 3 

Cumberland Ss Falmouth May 16 th 1786 M r Thomas 
Child Naval Officer for this Port; made Oath that the above 
is a Just & true Acco 1 of the Duty he has received on Regis- 
ters &c to this Time 

Coram Enoch Freeman Jus' Pacis 



Petition of Abijah Buck & Others. 

To the Honorable Court of General Sessions of the Peace for 
the County of Cumberland in the Common Wealth of 
Massachusetts 



L80 DOCUMENTARY EISTOE"X 

The Petition of a Number of [nhabitants of two towns one 
called Bucktown or No 5 Tlie other ( 'ailed I lutterfield or No 
li in the ( ounty of Cumberland 

Your Petitioners Humbly sheweth — That the Committee 
appointed by the Honorable General Courl for Selling im- 
propriated. Land in the county of Cumberland Have Sold the 
above said Two Towns and there being between Seventy and 
Eighty families Settled in said Townships 

That they Labour under Greal [nconveniences for Want 
of an open and Established Road from Bucktown through 
part of Shepardfield and Bakerstown as far as the Great 
Bridge on Little Amouriscogin River in Bakerstown 

The Road that is used now is frequently filled up by Per- 
sons who wish it to be differently laid out —some say it to he 
in one place and sonic in another — 

Your Petitioners therefore Humbly Pray that your 
Honours Would be pleased to send a Committee (or appoint 
some other way) So that there may bo an open and Estab- 
lished Road from Bucktown to the Great Bridge above said 
so that they may pass and Repass Without so many fences 
and other incumbrances 

And as in Duty Hound they will Ever pray 

May 1(5 = 1786. 

Abijah Buck John Brown, 

Jonathan Tyler, John Buck, 

Nathaniel Buck, David Record, 

Benjamin Spaulding, Thomas Allen, 

Joseph Robinson, Thomas ( !oburn, 

Increase Robinson, Edmund ('handler, 

Elisha Bigbce, Benjamin ITaitd, 

Noah Bosworth, John Crocket, 

John Bonney, Dominicus Record, 

William Tucker, John Warren, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



181 



Meshach Keen, 
James Keen, 
John Keen, 
Oliver Cummins, 
Moses Buck, 
Simeon Barrett, 
John Briggs, 
Hezekiah Stetson, 
David Sturtevant, 
Isaac Bonney, 
Asa Robinson, 
Jonathan Record, 
Isaac Forster, 
Jonas Coburn, 
William Irish, 



Daniel Oldham, 
( 'harles Bisbee, 
( lalab Young, 
Joseph Robats, 
Amos Brown, 
! 'cuiah Teague, 
I ),ivi<l Warren, 
Joseph Chace, 
Xathaniel Chace, 
Enoch Hall, 
Charles Ford, 
Jonathan Philbrick, 
James Thurlo, 
Jonah Fobes, 
Moses Harris. 



To the Honorable Senate and the Hon ble House of Repre- 
sentatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in 
General Court assembled — 

The Petition of Abijah Buck, for himself & in behalf of 
forty nine others, Inhabitants of the Plantations of Buck- 
town and Butterfield in the County of Cumberland humbly 
shews 

That they labour under great Inconveniences for want of 
an open and established Road from said Bucktown through 
part of Sheppardsfield and Bakerstown as far as the Great 
Bridge on Little Androscoggin River in said Bakerstown — 
The Road that is now used is frequently filled up by persons 
who wish it to be differently laid out, some in one place & 
some in another 

He therefore prays that your Honors would impower and 
direct the Court of General Sessions of the Peace for the said 



182 dOchmkxtary history 

County of Cumberland to appoint a Committee to lay out 
open & establish a Road from said Bucktown to the Bridge 

aforesaid, in such a manner as they may judge best — 

Your Petitioner & the 49 other Inhabitants aforesaid, sup- 
posed the Court of General Sessions afores d were by Law im- 
powered to lay out Road through Plantation & signed the 
Petition accompanying this, which he begs leave to present 
to your Honors to shew that that number of Persons at least 
in y e Plantations aforesaid wish to have said Road estab- 
lished — but finding upon his coming to said Court that they 
are not invested with this Power — he humbly lays his & 
their Request before your Honor & prays for your Honors 

Order thereon — 

Abijah Buck 
Falmouth June 13 — 1786. 



Letter from Jas Lyon to J as Avery. 

Machias, May 17, 1786 
Sir 

I am exceedingly obliged to you for your very friendly 
letter and the great attention you are pleased to give to my 
interest, which is now depending in the General Court. I 
trust, the reflection of having, at least endeavored to serve 
me in this matter, will always give you pleasure; for no per- 
son can have a better claim to said Lands, unless it is given 
by the Court, than I have. This claim I cannot present to 
the Court, in my own person, but beg the favor of your doing 
it, if consistent. And what you are pleased to do will l>e 
acceptable to me. My Memorial, to which I refer you, con- 
tains my claim in full. I shall only add, that no person, to 
my knowledge, who now makes any pretentions to said Lands 
ever labored one hour on them except myself and those un- 
der whom I claim. And, I presume a person fixing his eye 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 183 

on it 20 or even 30 years ago, & ever calling it his, will never 
give him a just claim. Should the Hon ble Court see fit to 
grant me my Petition, & consider the rations &c. a sufficient 
compensation, T shall he fully satisfied — But rather than 
loose the money I have paid to original claimers, & my own 
expense & labor, I will pay for them, as others pay for wild 
Lands, tho' it distresses me considerably — My choice you 
will easily guess — I wish, if I know myself, for nothing un- 
justly. And could I think the claim of any other person to 
the aforesaid Lands better than my own, I would instantly 
relinquish them. Nor do I wish to be favored by the Great 
& General Court farther than they would favor another per- 
son, in my situation & circumstances. I also wish to have 
the matter determined as soon as may be, that I may proceed 
to further improvements on said Lands, if mine. And I 
fully rely on your friendship, & the due application of your 
influence. And I not only wish you success in this, but also 
in all business, in which your own interest, and that of the 
public is concerned — 

I am, Sir ; very respectfully, Your Most humble & obliged 

servant 

Ja 3 Lyon 
John Avery Esq 1 " Secretary 



Account of Rich d Trevett, Naval Officer Port of York. 

Naval Office Port of York [ A Just & true acco 1 of all the 
Fees Eeceived by Me, between 20 th Day of January 
1786 and twentieth of Aprill Instant 
1786 

Jan y 24 th Silas Nowall, Master of Brigantine Polly for 
France £0 — 10 — Ditto Indorsing Regester 1/ Certificate 
for Light Money 1/, .. 2 — , 30 th Solomon Varrell, Schooner 



184 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Polly 14 Tons from Connecticut — 4 — Ditto Permett to 
unload — — 1 — , Zebulon Harmon a Coaster Certificate 
for L 1 Money .. 1 — Feb y 11 th Samuel Winn, Schooner Union 
Enterd from West Indies 0.. 10 — Ditto Permitt to unload 
1/ Indorsed Register 1/ — .. 2 — 15 th John Harmon Jim 1- , 
Schooner Fancy for West Indies — 10 — Ditto Certificate 
for L l Money 1/ Indorsed Register 1/0.. 2—, 16 th Noahm tn 
Littlefield, Sloop Sally a Coaster, Yearly Pass .. — , March 
20 th David Parsons, Schooner John a Coaster from Newbury- 
port .. 2 — , 27 th Joseph Tucker, Schooner Two-Friend from 
North Carrolina — ..4 — Ditto Permitt to unload — 0.. — 
29 th Joseph Tucker, Schooner Twofriend, a Coasting Clear- 
ence to Boston — 2 — , Nath 1 Parsons, Schooner Sally ; Short 
Clearence for Boston — ..2 — , William Seaward, boat Sea- 
flower, for Piscataqua — ..2 — , 30 th Thomas Harmon, Sloop 
Speedwell, from Hpanola & permit — .. 11 — , April 5 th Zeb 1 
Harmon jun r , Sloop Abigal, for New York — ..4 — , 12 th 
Samuel Sewall, Schooner Little John West Indies, Reg ts In- 
dors'd — ..11 — , 21 st John Harmon Jun r , Schooner Fancy 
from S l Martens & permit — .. 11 - Total £4 .. 18 — 

York April 21 st Attest 

Rich d Trevett N. Officer 

York Ss. May 26 th 1786 Then Rich d Trevet made Oath 
to the Truth of the Account aforesaid Before me 

David Sewall J' Peace 



Naval-office Port of York — May 30 ,h 1786 

S r Inclos,d is a return of My Fees Since the Last, (which 
I transmitted by Judge Sewall,) this Comes by Daniel Sewall 
Esq r by whom I send twelve Dollars, it being what Light 
Money I have Rec'd Since the 20 th of January Last (3/ 
Excepted) which is all I have Rec'd, — as the Season is not 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 185 

Come round for a Settlement, I have not Sent an abstract 
of the Perticulars, Shall Send it by Judge Sewall when he 
Comes up in August next with the other Docum ta at which 
time or before a new Choice will take place, then I Can 
Square the whole, please to give M r Sewall a Rec 1 for the 
above Sum — I am S r your most I Tumi) 1 Serv 1 

Rich d Trevett 
Tho 8 Ives Esq r 



Petit ion of Benj. Sawyer of Boothbay. 

To the Honorable the Senate & the Honorable the house of 
Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 
in General Court Assembled . 

The Petition of Benjamin Sawyer of Boothbay Humbly 
Sheweth 

That while hostilities continued between Britain & Amer- 
ica your Petition was exposed by his Local situation to the 
open ravages of the common foe; that his uniform zeal & 
activity in the cause of his Country drew on him & his family 
a peculiar share of the enemy's vengeance; for this his house 
was plundered & robbed of his property to a considerable 
amount ; that hereby he was reduced to no small distress : that 
a brief statement of his losses with proper Vouchers was laid 
before the Hon ble Court in the fall-Session 1784 — which, 
together with the Petition that accompanied it still lies be- 
fore your Honors. 

That by long sickness his family has been reduced to such 
circumstances as can ill bear to ly under these difficulties — 
That in addition to all this, Your Petitioner having sold out 
a real estate Was induced to place the money received in pay 
for it into the public funds: & there it remained till by the 
depreciation of the Currency it lost of its value more than 



18G DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

four hundred pounds, & the remainder he cannot get out of 
the funds now 

That by this means lie has been disabled to discharge his 
own honest debts; & therefore is sued by his Creditors & ex- 
posed to be harassed, if not undone. 

Your Petitioners therefore begs Leave thus to lay his case 
repentedly before your Honors; entreating the Hon ble Court 
to take his case into your wise & candid consideration & grant 
him such relief in the promises as to your Honors in your 
wisdom & equity Shall seem meet 

& your Petitioner as in duty bound Shall ever pray 

Benj a Sawyer 

Boothbay May 31 st 1786 

This may Certify that we the Subscribers are Knowing to 
allmost the whole of the facts set forth in the within petition 
W n> M c Cobb, John Leishman, Tho 9 Boyd jun r \ 

Sellectmen of Boothbay 

These may Certify that by Information in time of the late 
War ye Petitioner SufFer d Loss by y e Enemie and has had 
Long Sickness in his family & lately buried his wife 

Joshua Farnham, Rob' White [-Selectmen of Woolwich 
Moses Davis [ Selectman of Edgecombe 



Letter from Caleb Davis Esq. 

Boston June 1 st 1786 
Sir 

I am honored with your letter of y e 25 th March Notifying 
Me of My being appointed one of the Commissioners on the 
part of this Commonwealth to Meet Such Commissioners as 
may be appointed by the other States in the Union to Con- 
sider & report a Uniform System in the Commercial affairs of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 187 

the United States — I am deeply impressed with a Sense of 
the honor confered on me in appointing me to this important 
Business and Should Esteem it one of the happiest Circum- 
stances of my life to be instrumental in extricating the Com- 
merce of my Country from its present imbarised & distress'd 
Situation, but the Circumstances of my Private Concerns 
will not admit of my absence From the Commonwealth at the 
time appointed for the Commissioners to Meet. I am there- 
fore under a necessity of declineing to Accept of the import- 
ant Trust and Request Sir that you will Communicate this 
to The Honorable Legislature as my Resignation 

I am Sir With Sentiments of Esteem & Respect your 
Obedient Humble Servant 

Caleb Davis 

In Senate June 2 d 1786. 

Read and sent down 

Sam 1 Phillips jun r Presid 1 



Petition of Ichabod Goodwin & Others. 

To the Honourable Senate and House of Representatives Now 
sitting at Boston in the common Wealth of Massachusetts. 

The petition of the subscribers Humbly Sheweth — that 
your Petitioners are owners of Certain Grants of land and 
some of them have purchased large Gores of your Committee 
who was appointed to sell them which Grants and gores lay 
Northwestward of Sanford head line and Eastward of Leb- 
anon line and adjoyning Shapleigh Southside in the County 
of York which lands were annexed to the town of Sanford by 
the incorporative Act of the aforesaid Shapleigh lately pass'd 

as your petitioners are not inhabitant nor owners of land 
in Sanford, but proprietors of lands in Shapleigh and are 
there tax d we your petitioners conceive will be injured, and 



ISS DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

much troubl'd by having our Lands taxed in Sanford: as they 

are an Old town and likely to us are in debt as well as other 

towns in the County and our Lands may be Exposed to Sale 

before your petitioners are aware, we therefore pray that 

you would Annex the afore said Grants and Gores of land to 

the new town of Shapleigh that our taxes may be Assessed in 

one town, and as in duty bound your petitioners will Ever 

pray 

Berwick June 2 d 1785 

Ichabod Goodwin, Dominions Goodwin, 

W m Rogers, Samuel Deviet, 

W m Frost Jun r Eliphalet Oh any. 

John Dearing, 



The Govt's Speech to the General Court. 

Gentlemen of the Senate & Gentlemen of the House of 
Representatives 

Agreeably to the request of the last General Court, I trans- 
mitted to our Delegates in Congress a Copy of the several 
papers, that relate to the transactions of the Commissioners 
for settling the Eastern boundary line of New York, & of the 
Courts' Resolve, giving them certain powers for effecting a 
Settlement of the interfering claims of the two States, to 
lands in the Western Territory. 

With respect to the first, I desired those Gentlemen to 
communicate to the new Commissioners, appointed by 
Congress to run that line; & to procure from them the needful 
information of the time they would attend on this business: 
the time mentioned in their first letter being rendered pre- 
carious by their second letter: in consequence of which those 
papers were transmitted. But no further information has 
been yet received from them on the subject. — One of the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 189 

Agents appointed on the part of this State, the hon b " M r 
Sedgewick, informs me by his letter of the first of May, that 
his prior engagements to the Government as a Delegate in 
Congress, & his obligations to his colleagues, render his at- 
tention to this business impracticable; & he is therefore 
obliged, though with reluctance, to decline the honor of the 
appointment. — Perhaps, Gentlemen, you may think it proper 
to appoint another Agent in his stead. 

A\i tH respect to the interfering claims of the two States, I 
have receiv'd a Letter from our Delegates, dated the 19 of 
M;iy enclosing a copy of a supplementary Act of the Legis- 
lature of New York, passed the 28 th of April last: appointing 
seven Gentlemen Agents, for vindicating the right & jurisdic- 
tion of that State, against the claims of this State: & any five 
or more of them are by that act empowered to settle the con- 
troversy between the two States, otherwise than by the federal 
Court, in such manner as they shall judge most conducive to 
the interest of that state. You will consider, Gentlemen, 
whether it would not be eligible to give the Agents on our 
part similar powers : & whether in that case the probable con- 
sequence would not be a speedier decision of the controversy. — 

Among the subjects, that claim your attention, Gentlemen, 
the University at Cambridge is not the least important: The 
encouragement, of literature & the diffusion of knowledge were 
among the first cares of the worthy ancestors. After pro- 
viding the common means of instruction, they instituted 
Harvard College which from that time to the present has 
amply answered the end of its institution. 

It has always been under the patronage of the General 
Court, who from time to time have made grants for the sup- 
port of its President and Professors. The last Grant for that 
purpose was in June 1784, for their salaries to the preceed- 
ing January. — With you, Gentlemen, who must be sensible 
of the great benefits derived to the Commonwealth from that 



L90 IKJCr.MKNTAKY HISTORY 

institution, there can be little occasion of using arguments 
Eor continuing those Grants. The meer representation of 
the arrearage, I am persuaded, will induce you to provide for 
the payment of it: especially as the Constitution declares, 
that "it shall be the duty of legislators & magistrates, to cherish 
the interests of literal lire & the Sciences, & all Seminaries of 
them, especially the University at Cambridge." — Consider- 
ing too, that in most of the United States, there is now a re- 
markable disposition in favor of literature & Science for pro- 
moting & encouraging of which, there appears among them a 
most laudable spirit of emulation. — 

Under the regal Government, to which it is hoped, the re- 
publican will in no instance be inferior, those Grants were 
regularly made. Besides which, about twenty years before, 
& down to, the time of its abolition, there was in every new- 
granted township one share reserved for, & granted to, Har- 
vard College, exempted from all taxes, & similar reservations 
were intended to be made in all after-grants of townships, 
until the College-estate should produce a yearly income so 
large, as that all further grants, both of land & money, might 
with propriety & without, discouraging Literature, be dis- 
continued — 

I would recommend it to your consideration, Gentlemen, 
whether, upon these principles, it would not be proper to 
confirm to the College all the land-grants that have been made 
to it as alK)vc-mentioned ; & to secure to it one share in such 
townships as may hereafter be granted. 

Another subject, & a most important one, that requires 
your immediate attention, Gentlemen, is a Resolution of 
Congress of the 15 th of February last: most earnestly recom- 
mending to the deficient States on immediate & full com- 
pliance with the revenue System, proposed by that honorable 
body, by their Act of the 18 th of April 1783. I communi- 
cated it to the General Court at their last Session: but they 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 191 

thought proper to refer it to the consideration of the present 
General Court. 

Among the States, which have only in part acceded to that 
System, is the Commonwealth of Massachusetts: whose Leg- 
islature, with the Legislatures of the other deficient States, is 
with unusual anxiety, & with a solemn earnestness, called 
upon by Congress to pass Laws in full conformity to it. They 
urge a compliance from motives & considerations of great 
moment, which must make a deep impression on everyone, 
who has a real concern for the honor & happiness of the 
United States: & if a better system cannot be proposed, this 
single consideration, that our freedom & independence were 
purchased by the debt it was intended to discharge, should 
invigorate every exertion to carry it into execution — 

Some of the States do not seem sufficiently sensible, that 
the freedom & independence, thus derived to them, have 
given them a new & important character — a national char- 
acter, from which, as relative to each other individually, & 
to the united body collectively, new duties have originated, 
which they are indispensably held to perform; & some of 
which are expressly pointed out by the confederation. — By 
the confederation the States respectively do solemnly pledge 
& engage their faith, to abide by the determinations of 
Congress on all questions, which by the confederation are 
submitted to the decision of Congress ; & that the Articles of 
it shall be inviolably observed. — 

By those articles Congress have authority to borrow money 
on the credit of the United States; & to ascertain the neces- 
sary sums to be raised for the service of the States ; & to ap- 
propriate & apply the same for defraying the expence of that 
service: & the several States are held to supply those sums in 
certain proportions; for paying which, taxes shall be laid & 
levied by the authority of their respective Legislatures with- 
in the time agreed upon by Congress. 



102 DOCUMENTARY HISTOE"X 

Lpon the faith *.V promise of the United States, thus pledged 
& engaged, & to carry on the War, Congress procured Loans 
from France. Spain & Holland, & from Citizens of the States, 
which with other charges incurred by ihe War, amount to a 
considerable sum. The nations & individuals, to whom this 
sum is due, have a right to expect, & they do expect, that it 
will be paid according to that pledge & engagement: & the 
several States in the Union arc under every obligation of 
justice, honor & good faith, to exert their utmost ability for 
that purpose. And you will permit me to add, that it is 
particularly incumbent on you. Gentlemen, as the Legisla- 
ture of this State, to make provision for the payment of our 
proportion of that debt. 

To extinguish the debt, a mode is pointed out by the rev- 
enue System abovementioned, which Congress, after the most 
mature deliberation, declares to be the best in their power to 
propose. It recommends to the general States to invest 
Congress with a power to levy, for the use of the United 
States, certain duties upon goods imported into the said 
States from any foreign port. And also to establish for 
twenty tivo years, & to appropriate to the discharge of the 
debts contracted on the faith of the United States, substantial 
& effectual revenues, of such a nature, as they may judge 
most convenient for supplying their respective proportions of 
one million & five hundred thousand Dollars annually, ex- 
clusive of the aforesaid duties: Provided that, until the rule 
of the Confederation (or some other rule) can be carried into 
practice, the proportions of the said sum shall be as mentioned 
in the said Revenue Act: which assigns to this Common- 
wealth the annual proportion of two hundred twenty four 
thousand, four hundred & twenty seven dollars. 

The former part of this recommendation has been com- 
plyed with by the legislature of this State; with this devia- 
tion however, that instead of impowering Congress, they have 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 193 

an Act of their own, laid the recommended duties: subject 
to this proviso, conformably to the recommendation, that the 
Act Shall not operate until all the United States have passed 
acts for imposing the like duties — 

The resolutions of Congress relative to this business, to- 
gether with a message of the 27 th of February last, to the 
General Court on the same subject, are on the files of the 
( tourt, & to which you will please to be referred — 

The Commissioners of the Treasury of the United States 
have transmitted a book, containing their account of taxes 
with each particular State, exclusive of specified supplies, 
stnted to the first of November last: & also an Account of 
those supplies, that have been demanded of each State. It 
would have been communicated to the General Court at their 
last Session, had it not, by some accident, been mislaid. The 
former account includes taxes & credits for old Emission 
dollars, New Emission, & specie dollars ; & the balances due 
in each.— 

With respect to the first mentioned account with Massa- 
chusetts there was a balance due from this State in the old 
emission. On finding it right, & a much larger sum of the 
old emission dollars being in the Treasury, a warrant was 
immediately issued on the Treasurer to pay that balance to 
the Loan Officer of the United States : & it has been accord- 
ingly paid. There is the appearance of a large balance of 
new emission dollars due from this State: but when we are 
credited for the payments made by the late Treasurer Gard- 
ner, for the sums cancelled, or burnt, by a Committee of the 
General Court, & for what the present Treasurer has in hand, 
the remaining balance will be comparatively small, & may in 
a short time be wholly paid ; if the extant taxes, intended to 
redeem that emission, be properly called for. — 

The balance in specie appears also to be large : but it will 
be greatly reduced, when all the sums paid are credited, & 

14 



L9 1 DOCl'MKNTAKY rilSTORY. 

the amount m other respects properly adjusted. The State 
however, is, with regard bo this balance, considerably in ar- 
rear; & the loan officer lias been with me, requesting, that I 
would represent to the General Court the urgent necessity, 
which presses for the speedy payment of it. Upon this head 
I sent Messages to the General Court dated the 24 th of Octo- 
ber, the 3 d of November, & the 3 d of February last, accom- 
panied with several letters from the Commissioners of the 
Treasury, & M' Secretary Thomson; together with a resolu- 
tion of ( Jongress of the 12 th of October, which are all upon 
the same subject: earnestly urging the payment of arrearages, 
due on the several requisitions of Congress prior to the last; 
& representing in very forcible terms the evil consequences, 
that must result from delay By recurring to those papers 
Gentlemen, you will sec the great importance; of fully com- 
plying with those requisitions; & must be induced to take 
vigorous measures for enforcing the collection of the taxes 
laid for that purpose — 

At the same time, Gentlemen, you are providing means for 
com j dying with the requisitions of ( ongress, you will natural- 
ly take into consideration the state of our own particular debt. 
A genera] view of it was exhibited to the last Court; & you 
can at pleasure recur to that exhibition — 

It is particularly necessary you should attend to the State 
of the debt, as it respects the last & present year. — Among 
other purposes, the last tax-Ad provides for the redeeming 
of one hundred thousand pounds of the Army notes: going 
upon the idea, that that sum would redeem the whole re- 
mainder. But there will still be a remainder of ten thousand 
one hundred & fourteen pounds four shillings & four pence 
of those notes, for the redemption of which the Act does not 
make provision. — That remainder, however, need not for the 
present he considered, as the Sale of State lands, & some 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 195 

other means, already provided, may l>e sufficient to redeem 
it— 

Of the consolidated securities, issued by the Treasurer, 
there is one hundred seven thousand five hundred <fe ninety 
five pounds fourteen shillings & eleven pence half penny, that 
was payable the last ye;n-: which with three hundred forty 
five thousand four hundred & eighteen pounds nineteen 
shillings vV eight pence half penny of the like securities, pay- 
able the present year, makes four hundred fifty three thou- 
sand \ r fourteen pounds seventeen shillings & eight pence: 
the greatest part of which is now payable, & the whole will be 
so, at the end of the year, besides the interest that will then 
be due. — 

The payment of these securities is provided for by five 
taxes laid on the year 1785 for four hundred twenty three 
thousand two hundred & fifty pounds ; & by four taxes on the 
present year for three hundred eighty six thousand two hun- 
dred & fifty pounds; for which taxes the Treasurer is em- 
powered & directed to issue his warrants, in case the General 
Court should not by the first of July in each year, agree upon 
a tax act for apportioning those taxes upon the Common- 
wealth. The Acts laying those taxes were passed the 17 th 
of February, the 15 th of May, & the 5 th of July 1781 ; & the 
25 th of March 1783: & it will be the duty of the Treasurer, 
after the first of July next, to issue his warrants for appor- 
tioning & collecting them, at least to the amount of the afore- 
said sum of four hundred fifty three thousand & fourteen 
pounds seventeen shillings & eight pence, exclusive of the 
interest. — The reason why the taxes so much exceed the debt 
they were intended to discharge, may be conjectured from an 
Act passed the 6 th of March 1782 : by which an alteration 
was made in the time of payment of Government securities 
issuable, & some of which had been issued, by virtue of an- 
terior Acts. The payment was postponed a year, without a 
correspondant postponement of the taxes. 



L96 DOCUMENTARY iiistoky 

Tt would lie fur the honor & reputation of the Government, 
if its debt could be paid at the several times it will become 
due. Bui if the tax, laid upon the present year by the last 
tax ad, of three hundred thousand, Pour hundred & thirty 
nine pounds one shilling & three pence, connected with the 
sum aforesaid, exceeds the ability of the Commonwealth, 
concerning which you. Gentlemen, are the judges, would it 
not he adviseable to propose to its creditors a system of pay- 
ment, by which certain proportions of the debt, to which the 
public ability would he equal, should he annually paid, until 
the whole he extinguished. — If this, Gentlemen, should be 
your opinion, you may think it proper to extend the pro- 
posal to the remaining creditors of the Commonwealth: to 
whom there will he due on consolidated securities in 17 s 7, 
including the debt to a mercantile house in France, three 
hundred fifty eight thousand five hundred & fifty one pounds 
fifteen shillings & eight pence half penny — in 1788 three 
hundred forty five thousand four hundred & eighteen pounds 
nineteen shillings & eight pence half pinny; & in 1789 two 
hundred thirty seven thousand eight hundred & twenty three 
pounds one shilling & nine pence.— The amount of all the 
consolidated securities, that have been issued by the Treas- 
urer, & are now extant, according to a memorandum J have 
had from him, is one million three hundred ninety four 
thousand, eight hundred & eight pounds fourteen shillings & 
ten pence, exclusive of interest. 

For the payment of the first sum, taxes are laid on the 
year 1787, for three hundred eighty six thousand two hun- 
dred & fifty pounds, & for the payment of the two last men- 
tioned annual sums, both amounting to five hundred eighty 
three thousand two hundred & forty two pounds one shilling 
& five pence half penny; taxes are laid on the year 1788, for 
three hundred eighty six thousand two hundred & fifty 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXK 197 

pounds: which with the surplus age taxes laid on the year 
1785 & 178G, are the fund for securing that payment. 

This, Gentlemen, is the State of the domestick deht as it 
stood the 27 th of the last monlh : & these are the funds for the 
payment of it. There will he some addition to be made to it, 
as all the accounts relative to the Penobscot Expedition, & 
other matters of charge have not yet been settled. It is just- 
ly expected, however, that the cost of that expedition will be 
allowed to us by Congress. — 

A well digested system of payment, supported & recom- 
mended by proper tax-ads, with such provisions as would 
insure a punctual payment at the stipulated times, would 
probably meet the approbation of the creditors of the Com- 
monwealth ; & be acceptable to the people in general. In 
that case, the former would receive their debt in reasonable 
proportions at the stipulated times ; & the latter be relieved, 
not only by a division or distribution of the taxes upon a 
number of years, but by the increasing population ; which 
would annually supply new & additional subjects to bear a 
part of the taxation — 

If however, by a vigorous exertion we could cancel the do- 
mestick debt within the time, at which the securities of the 
remotest payment are payable, viz 1 1789, transferring to that 
year a sufficiency of the overplus tax of the last & present 
year, & annihilating the rest of the overplus, it might be 
more for the benefit of the Commonwealth — than to pro- 
crastinate it. — This Cancellation being effected, & all our 
finance resources directed to one point, ways & means might 
be found to supply our proportion of the foreign debt without 
much difficulty — 

Such an exertion, founded on the unalterable principles of 
rectitude, & communicative justice — a basis, on which the 
happiness & prosperity of nations, as well as of individuals, 
so essentially depend — would be productive of good effects ; 



L98 DOCI M K.XTAl; Y IMSTuKV 

&, systematically pursued, would in a short time, nol only 
greatly reduce the debt, Imt proportionably advance the 
credit & reputation of the Commonwealth. 

There arc other matters, Gentlemen which require your 
consideration, & which I shall communicate to you by message. 

The Letters & Papers, referring to those above mentioned, 
will be delivered to you l>y the Secretary — 
Council Chamber June 2' 1 17MJ. James Bowdoin 



It'"' Lithgow & al. Inhab ta of Lincoln C" to erect <i Light 
House at Seguin. 

To the honorable the Senate and the honorable House of 
Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 
in General Court assembled. 
The Petition of the Subscribers, Inhabitants of the County 
of Lincoln humbly sheweth, — that your Petitioners, in- 
fluenced by an ernest desire to Alleviate the distress of their 
fellow creatures in general, to promote the good of the Citi- 
zens of this Commonwealth in particular, and to see the 
Maritime and Mercantile Interest thereof in a flourishing 
condition, and being fully persuaded that the erection of a 
Light-House upon the Island called Seguin will greatly tend 
to advance these important purposes, think it their duty to 
apply to your Honors our political fathers, whose Character- 
istic it is (and who are so fertile in expedients) to advance 
the true interest of their Constituents and the benefit of 
Mankind in general, to cause a Light-House to be erected on 
the above mentioned Spot. The Island Seguin seems to be 
designated by Nature for this purpose, being situated at the 
Month of the great River Kennebeck, and being an excellent 
direction not only for that Harbour, but likewise for the 
Harbour of Falmouth, Booth-bay, Wiscasset-Point, New- 
meadows, and Harpswell. This Island is well known to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



199 



Foreigners being pointed out in the sea Charts &c — Your 
Petitioners think thai it' there was a Light upon this Island 
Many Vessells would be saved from Shipwreck, and many 
Persons preserved from immature Deaths, therefore humbly 
pray your Honors, to take (his matter into your Considera- 
tion, and to act thereon, as to your Honors in your great 
wisdom shall seem fit — And your Petitioners as in duty 
bound will ever pray 



Will™ Lithgow, 

Samuel Thompson, 
W'" Lithgow Jun r 
Tho s Price, 
Benj a Jaynes, 
Xathd Wyman, 
Dum r Sewall, 
David Trusant, 
Benj a Donnell, 
W™ Swanton Jun r 
John Lowell, 
Stephen Sampson, 
Wensley Hobby, 
William Swanton, 
Stephen Morss, 
John Bernard, 
Davis Summer, 
Joseph White, 
William Webb, 
Josh a Raynes, 
Jon a Davis & Son, 
Thomas Williams, 
Deodat Lincoln, 
John Whitmore, 
Ephraim Fitts, 



Tho s Follansbee, 
Tho s Follansbee J un r 
Consider Turner, 
Joseph Lombard 
Samuel Reed, 
Gideon Owen, 
Thomas Owen, 
Llatherly Foster, 
Samuel Emerson, 
John Campbell, 
Joseph Lunt, 
Thomas Sprague, 
Jn° Wood, 
Benj Coleman, 
Oliver Bisbee, 
Stephen Sorvall, 
Sivearns Weeks, 
Jerome Loring, 
Thomas Foot, 
Robert Stonehouse, 
Jn° Clarke, 
Richard Kimball, 
Stephen Coombs, 
John Bayley, 
Joseph Sprague, 



•200 



DOCl'MKNTAKY II [STORY 



W m C I laker, 
Luke Lombard, 
55 signers 



Ephraim I Delano, 
Zebediah Farnham 



Petition of the M asters of Vessels & als in re light-house. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives in 
General Court assembled dune 1786. 
The Petition of the Masters of Vessels and Others in the 
County of Lincoln Humbly Sheweth That whereas the Const 
of the County of Lincoln is very Extensive and the Vessels 
that belongs to Divers Ports of the Commonwealth Coming 
into the North ( Jhannel from Sea in the Winter and not being 
Aquainted are Often Obliged to Put to Sea and whereas the 
Ports of Sheepscot Piver & Boothbay are Large Safe & Good 
Harbours for Ships of Any Burden and the Island of Damers- 
cove so Seituated as that a Lighthouse built thereon will 
divert and he a Guide into Port or to Continue their Course 
down East, and whereas there was two Vessels last winter 
Cast away on said Island & totally Lost with some of their 
Crew, which had there been a Light House built there would 
in all Provability have been Safe — We therefore Pray your 
Honors that a Light-house may be built on said Island & as 
in duty bound will ever Pray — 
Ichabod Pinkham Pilot, Joseph Herinton, 

Benj n McFarland - Pilot, Henry Abbot, 



Joseph Gray, 
John Stinson, 
John Murray, 
Joseph Lewis, 
James Peed, 
John Tucker, 



Sam 1 Waters Jun r , 
Joseph Decker, 
Alexander Arskins, 
Richard Cook, 
Aaron Abbott. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 201 

Report on Pari of Governor's Speech of Oct. 20, 1785. 

The Committee of both Houses on the Governors speech 
having taken into their consideration that part of it, which 
relates to the design of some Persons in the Three Eastern 
Counties of this Commonwealth, of forming the s d Counties 
into a seperate & Independent State ; beg leave to report 

That a Committee of both Houses be appointed, to bring 
in a bill declaratory of the Allegiance which all the Inhabi- 
tants of the territory of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 
Owe to the government of the same agreably A to the constitu- 
tion, and descriptive of those A particulars which shall amount 
to a renunciation of that allegiance; and so constructed as 
most effectually to secure the Commonwealth against the ill 
consequences of any B dismemberment whatever c 

Which is Submitted Sam 1 Baker p r Ord r 

In Senate Nov r 18, 1785 

Read & accepted with amendments at A & B — and order'd 
that John Sprague & John Lowell Esq 1 " with such as the 
Hon bIe House shall join, be a Committee to bring in a Bill 
for the purposes herein expressed — 
Sent down for concurrence 

Sam 1 Phillips jun r Presid 1 

at A dele "particulars" & insert Acts & proceedings B — 
dele from B to C & insert, attempts to dismember the same 
In the House of Representatives Nov r 14, 1785 

Read & concurred & M r Hitchbourn M r Thomas & M r 

Dalton are joined 

Nathaniel Gorham Spk r 

Letters, etc. from George Billings. 

The committee of both Houses to whom was commited sev- 
eral letters from George Billings naval officer for the port of 



202 DOCUMENTARY EISTOE"X 

Penobscol addressed to the A-ttorney General, setting forth 

The opposition he bath mel with from several persons in the 

Execution of His Office, us mentioned in said letters — have 

attended thai service and ask lease to reporl the following 

Resolve — 

Solo : Freeman I >r Order 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

Resolved That George Billings Naval officer for the port 
of Penobscot, be, cV r he hereby is directed forthwith to procure 
all the Legal evidence he can obtain, to prove the several facts 
contained in his said letters bearing date July the 20 th Sept r 
2 d & Sept' 5 th A. I), one thousand seven Hundred & eighty 
five and Transmit the same to the Governor & council that 
such farther proceedings may be bad thereon as to the su- 
preme executive of this commonwealth shall appeal- necessary 

And it is further resolved that a collector of import & 
Excise be appointed to reside in future; at Majorbagwaduce, 
and that the Governor be requested with the advise of Coun- 
cil to appoint & commissionate a Justice of the Peace at 
Majorbagwaduce having regard in said appointment to such 
person as shall appear in their Opinion most likely to carry 
the laws of this commonwealth into Execution 



Sep 1 5, 1785 
Sir 

Since writing the Tnclosed, Information has been lodged in 

my Office; that an Knglish Vessel was loading about Ten 

Mile off — Tho' Night I proceeded to the place were she was 

and found her a Vessel M r Lee was Concern'd in, for which 

a regestcr was taken from the late Naval Officer previous to 

the act in his Name and as his property. The Master and 

Mate are new Owners. The former late an Officer of a 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 203 

British man of war; the latter a Notorious Refugee and 
plunderer who Commanded a privateer out of this place in 
the War — he is now here for the purpose of giving Intelli- 
gence, if any muster slioud he made here to go after them. 
He has many friends in this place and cou'd Command as- 
sistance. Persuming upon this he bids defiance to the Laws 
publickly. The Vessel has landed one Cargo at Halifax — 
is now from Shelburne — the freight Consign' d to M r Lee is 
run and out of my way securely. The Cargo's they take are 
previously Collected by M r Lee, I find myself quite Inade- 
quate to the Arderous undertaking of iSTaval officer for this 
place — Surrounded by people of the foregoing discription, 
who Accumulate fast from Shelburne — and other British 
Settlements you'll easily Conceive the situation of this East- 
ern Country and the Consequences that must ensue in course 
of time. From a Country which abounds with Lumber of 
all Kinds — and of the Best quality, are the English tho' the 
Medium of their .New settlements supply s in some measure 
there West India Islands, which there is received as the pro- 
duce of Novier Scotia. There is room to suppose if some 
measures are not devised to hinder such proceedings By 
means of Agents from Shelburne &c in Course of Time it 
may amount to a supply. I am Sir with perfect Respect 

Your Humble Servant 

Geo : Billings 

In Senate Oct r 24 1785 

Read & committed to the Committee to whom was com- 
mitted his Excelly's message of the 22 d inst. 
Sent down for concurrence 

S. Phillips j r Presid 1 

In the House of Representatives Oct r 24, 1785. 
Read & concurred 

1ST Gorham Speaker 



-•> 1 Unci M K.N TAKY EISTORTl 

Jm Semite June 6, 1 786. 

Read & with the papers accompanying it — committed to 
Solomon Freeman & Richard Cranch Esq" with such as the 
1 [on We I [ouse may join 

Scut down for concurrence 

Sam 1 Phillips jnii r Presid' 

In the House of Representatives June (5, 178G. 

Read and concurred «fc M r Cross M r Jarvis & W Howe 
are joined 

Artemas Ward Speaker 



On the 14 th of July being informed by William M c Cobb 
Esq r at Boothbay — I was appointed Naval Officer for Penob- 
scol as I was then bound on a Voyage — and knowing the 
Necessity of an Officer at Majorbigwaduce — I Consigned my 
business qualified myself an proceeded for that place — On 
my arrival here the (18th July) I found several Vessels Two 
of which were British. 

Upon Investagating Circumstances, I concluded one of them 
a Ship (of 400 Tons) had not been enterd altho' Cargo was 
then taken on Board and Goods had been landed. I thought 
it my Duty to make application to the late Naval Officer — 
from him I had no determined answer wether the Ship had 
been enterd or not. I requested to know weither he had re- 
ceived a Certificate from the Deputy Collector if so weither 
I might bo permitted to see it. Finding no Information 
cou'd be obtained form M r Ilibbert I went to the Dep y Col- 
lector M r Lowder and of him requested to know if the Ship 
had been entered, he answer'd She had and by M r Hibbert : 
I asked to see the Bonds that were passed for the Duties of 
Impost. lie said he did not conceive it necessary I shou'd 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 205 

see them. I requested to see the Ships Manifest and was re- 
fuse' d. Finding those persons disposed to conceal their pro- 
ceedings. I took Suspicion that matters had been in an 
easey manner, I demanded of M r Hibbert a sight of the bonds 
that all acts &c shou'd be obey'd likewise every paper belong- 
ing to the Naval Office. I obtained of him a manifest (p r 
Copy) signed by the Master of the Ship attested to before 
M r Hibbert at which time M r H was in Boston, being the 29 th 
June. I received a Certificate from him at the same time (as 
p r Copy) of the same date as the Manifest — From these and 
other Circumstances it appeared to me the Laws had been 
violated, and means had been Concerted between the Master 
— Consignee — and Officers to Cover their illegal proceed- 
ings. Their being proof of M r Hibberts being in Boston at 
the time the Manifest was attested to ; and Certificate passed, 
which with the Collectors declaring he shoii'd not Injure any 
Foreign trading to those parts. I conceived it my Duty to 
seize the Ship. On my appearing allong side I was denied 
admittance on Board by the Master threatning me with the 
Consequences if I shou'd persume to Come on board — his 
people at the same time appearing in an hostile manner. I 
cou'd not attempt it. But by virtue of Authorety Vested in 
me — order'd the Master not to get the Ship under way — 
which he was about to do. I Immediately went on shore to 
the Store of the Consignee into which the goods were landed 
Requested admittance to take the same he directly said I 
should not have them run into his Store — Shut the Door 
against me, after which he open'd a window from which he 
levell'd a Gun at me and swor he wou'd blow my brains out 
if I attemp d to enter. After this I took Boat and went about 
three Miles to assemble a force to Stop the Ship which by this 
time they had got under way by Slipping her Cable & the 
Assistance sent them by the Consignee — Before I cou'd ac- 
complish my design, they had got her so far to Sea as to make 



-'><i DOCTJMENTABT HISTORY 

ii [mpossible to Stop them with a Boat, they proceed* 1 as I 
afterwards learned to an Island in the Bay of Penobscot — 
from which they took wood and Water and proceeded to Sea. 
'I he above is a True Statement of Facts which took place from 
the L8 tt to the 20 th July the day on which she went off. 

Geo: Billings 

Majabigwaduce Penobscot July 20 th 1785 The anchor and 
part of the Cable still remain were they Slipt it. The Ship 
arrived in this port the 24th of dime, and took on Board 
Cargo the third day after her arrival. 

A- Manifest of Goods Ship't on Board the Ship Catherine 
John Cole Master from London to Penobscot 
Marks Num 1 ' Qualities By whom Shiped To whom consigned 
I x Ii 1 &2 2 Chests of Tea Thomas Gnillame John Lee 

1 Bale, 5 Punch* A Brandy, 164 Barrs Iron, 3 Bundles of Steel 

2 ( lables 8 Coils of Cordage 50 Bags ship Bread 2 hhds Por- 
ter 1 Chest Hops 

John Cole 
June 29 th 1785 

Attested to before Joseph Hihhert Nav 1 Officer 

This may Certify That T have received sufficient security 

for the Dutys of Impost on the following Articles on Board 

the Ship Catherine John Cole Master from S' Johns in Novier 

Scotia Viz Two chest of Bohea Tea Mark* 1 T L N" 1 & 2 Con 6 

732 u N. N° 3. 1 Bale 6 pieces of Ravens Duck 164 Barrs of 

Iron q' 3 Tons, Three Bundles of German Steel Two ( lables q l 

1 1 .. 1 .. 15 eight Coils of Cordage q* 8 .. 2 .. 18 & 5 puncheons 

of Brandy — 

Givien under my hand at Majahigwaduce this 29th day of 

June 1785. — (Signed) 

Jon a Lowder D rs 

Collector of Import & Excise for the County of Lincoln &c. 

) Exact Copys.( 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 207 

Sir 

As Naval Officer for this port I f ound it Compatable with my 
Duty to Seize a Certain Ship, which I conceive was received 
from me. Being Informed it is necessary to acquaint you 
with the same — I take the liberty to address you on the sub- 
ject Inclosed is a relation of Circumstances I have en- 
deavoured to be as clear therein as is in my power. It wou'd 
have been more agreeable to me to have Communicated them 
in person, but as I cannot leave this place I have taken this 
Method. If after perusal you shou'd think I have acted with 
propriety shou'd Interest yourself and seek the Damages — 
if Requisite I wou'd come up upon Immediate Notice. M r 
Lee to whom the Ship was Consigned left his Country in war 
Time and has lately been Naturalized — I find great Inter- 
ruption from him in the Duties of my Office — his Influence 
is great and was the Man and Connections known my asser- 
tions wou'd need no further Support. Their is a Cap* Mid- 
dleton, (now in this place and will be here this Two Months) 
who went on board the Ship — aided and assisted the Master, 
in getting her under way and Piloted her to the Island were 
they Wooded & Water'd — This Man was 5th Lieu 1 on Board 
Admiral Rodneys Ship in the War And is now Concerned 
with M r Lee and Two other Merch ts at Port Roseway in fitting 
a Ship which I have suspicion they mean to get out of this 
port without Conforming to the late Law its not in my power 
to Command assistance in this Wilderness. They have al- 
ready carred on english Brig from the port in a Clandestine 
manner, the Register of her being deposited in my Office, this 
Vessel was owned at Port Roseway and is gone without any 
Regester for that port. The Revenue will be considerably 
defrauded if this Ship gets away as she is intirely the prop- 
erty of Foreign 1-3 

If People are disposed to Act Contrary to Law, it is out 
of the Power of an Officer to prevent it in a place almost in 



20S DOCUMENTARY EISTOEY 

a State of Nature. However I shall use every means in my 
Power to prevent the ships being carried of in the Manner 
the IJrii;- was. Kvedence can he ohtain'd that Mr Lee's Boats 
were employe'd in rescuing the Ship Their was several of 
his servants assisted in getting her underway likewise suffi- 
cient Evedence that Cap* Middleton aided ; & piloted the Ship 
to the Island. The Boats and People Retum'd the Night fol- 
lowing: It will he Impossible for an Officer to do his duty 
here unless a Guard is Orderd for the port. I have confined 
myself Entirely to facts, and shall be oblidg'd for your senti- 
ments on the Transactions that have taken place likewise if 
you think I have acted with propriety. A Trade has been 
carry'd on with port Roseway ever since the peace and their 
is no doubt but the Revenue has l>eon greatly defrauded by 
inattentions. I have particularized on this Subject Know- 
ing that it will bo taken Notice off if addressed to you — 
I am Sir with perfect Respect Your Hum bl Serv* 



Majabigwaduee Penobscot Sep 1 2 d 1785 
The Hon" Rob 1 T. Paine Esq r 



Geo: Billings 



Petition of the Inhabitants of the Upper Plantation on the 
West Side of Penobscot. 

The upper Plantation on the West side of Penobscot June 

6, 1786. 
To the Honorable, the Senate, and the House of Representa- 
tives in General Court assembled. 
Your Memorialists beg leave to inform your Honors of our 
scituation (and we think) our inability (at present) to pay 
the tax levid upon us. 

We have no title to our Lands. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



209 



Our farms, farming-tools, and live stock, have been greatly 
injured by the late war. Lumber affords little or no cash 
at all: Our fishery (this season) instead of relieving our 
necessities, hath involvd us into greater Difficulties: We 
have aol a setl'd Minister within sixty miles, we propose im- 
mediately to settle the Gospel among us, which will be ex- 
tremely difficult, if (Mir tax is demanded at present. Taking 
these things into consideration; wo natter ourselves, your 
Honors will consider our case, and order our tax to be post- 
poned for the present. Your Memorialists, as in Duty bound, 
shall ever pray. 



James Bridge, 
Robart Treat, 
Jere h Colburn, 
Elisha Nevers, 
Joshua Eayr, 

his 

Joseph X Page, 

mark 

Silas Hathorn, 
Isaac freer, 
Abraham freer 

his 

Daniel X Spencer 

mark 

Reuben Tourtellot, 
William Colburn, 
Andrew Gilman, 
John Marsh, 

his 

Isaac X Page, 

mark 
his 

Joseph X Jurman 

mark 
his 

William X Eayrs 

mark 



Bangman X Lowel 

mark 

Ezra Davis 

his 

Joseph X Page Jun r 

mark 

Andrew Webster, 
Abraham Tourtellet 
Daniel Allen, 
Nathaniel Tarr, 

his 

James X Page 

mark 

Jn° Crosby, 
Eb r Crosby, 
Richard Blogdet, 
Nathan Emery, 
Thomas howerd, 
John Emery, 
John Smart, 
Abner Tibbets, 
George Tibbets 
Daniel Camwell, 
James Deming 



15 



210 DOCI.M KVIAKY EISTOB1 

Petition of Sri, ■churn of Pownalboro' in re Wiscasset. 

( bmmon Wealth of Massachusetts 

To the Honourable the Senate and house of Representatives 
June 1786 — 

The Petition of the Select men of the Town of Pownalboro' 
Humbly Sheweth, thai the port <>l" Wiscaset in Rheepscott 
River being the Principle place of Trade in the County of 
Lincoln, and the Merchants & Masters of Ships & other Ves- 
sels are obliged to go to Boothbay to Enter & Clear the Same 
— which is more than fifteen miles, and obliged to Cross 
Rivers and go through Woods in the worst of Roads, whereby 
the whole place Labours under many disadvantages, and the 
Revenues of the Commonwealth Rendered Doubtful & un- 
certain, — We therefore humbly pray your Honours that an 
act of ( !our1 may pass makeing Wiscasset in Rheepscott River 
a Xaval Port, and thai sonic Suitable person may be Chose 
as Naval Officer for said Port, and we as in Duty bound will 
ever pray — 

David Silvester Georg Lilly [ Selectmen for I\>wnall>oro 



Governor's Message June 8 th 1786. 

Gentlemen of the Senate and Gentlemen of the House of 
Representatives — 

The Major Generals chosen for the several divisions of 
Militia have respectively accepted the choice: and Com- 
missions have in consequence of it been sent to them viz 1 

To Major General Lincoln of the first division comprehend- 
ing the County of Suffolk 

To Major General Titcomb of the second division com- 
prehending the County of Essex 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 211 

Major General Brooks of the third division comprehending 
the ( ouiitv of Middlesex — 

Major General Shepard of the fourth division comprehend- 
ing the County of Hampshire. 

Major General Cobb of the fifth division comprehending 
the Counties of Plimouth, Barnstable, Bristol, Dukes County, 
& Nantucket. 

Major General Goodwin of the sixth division comprehend- 
ing the Counties of York and Cumberland — 

Major General Warner of the seventh division comprehend- 
ing the County of Worcester — 

Major General Lithgow of the eighth division comprehend- 
ing the County of Lincoln — 

Major General Patterson of the ninth division comprehend- 
ing the County of Berkshire 

In carrying the militia laws into execution a difficulty has 
occurred in regard to the electing of Officers. In those laws 
no direction is given as to the time and manner of convening 
the electors, of collecting votes, and of certifying to the Gov- 
ernour the Officers elected : all which circumstances the Con- 
stitution requires should be regulated by standing laws. 

In considering this matter, Gentlemen, you will please to 
consider also, whether in the new supplemental law (if you 
should think proper to pass such an one) it should not be 
provided, that all vacancies at the time of passing it, should 
be filled up within a given time ; and all after-vacancies with- 
in a given time also, after they should respectively happen? 
Whether there should not be a prescribed mode of notifying 
the Officers of their election ? and in cases, in which the electors 
refuse, or neglect, to meet and choose their Officers at the time 
assigned, whether the time and mode of notifying it to the 
Governor should not be ascertained, that, as soon as may be 
after the notification, he may appoint such Officers pursuant 
to the Constitution ? 



212 DOCUMENTARY BISTORT 

And if in any town, there should be a regiment or com- 
panies destitute of Officers should it nol be made the duty of 

the Selectman of such town, on llie requisition of the Major 
General, to notify the qualified electors to meet and elect 
their Officers; and in all respects proceed in that business 
according to law. 

Would it not be proper also, that beside laws for regulating 
the militia in a time of tranquility, there should be formed a 
well digested body of martial law: to which recurrence may 
be had in any future exigency ? 

I have had a letter from the Major General of the first 

division upon the subject of the militia laws, which will be 

communicated to you 

James Bowdoin 
Council Chamber, June 8 th 1786. 



Stephen Smith Light Money Return; Machias. 

Return of Light Money collected at Naval Office Machias 

from Dec r 10 th *'" to June 10 th 1786 
Date Name TonsMaster's Name 

1785 

Dec 17 Ship Elizabeth 200 Eben r Alew" 
25 Sloop Polly 30 Jesse Noble 

1786 

Jan y 2 Sch. Reward 60 Will"' Widgery 
May 1 Sch Betsey 60 Tho s Jones 

Sloop Thomas 65 Thomas Adams 

19 Sloop Katy 70 Nathan Poor 

June 8 Sch Hibernia 70 Joseph Obrien 
Duty on Registers Collected 

2 Registers 2/ ) 

1 Charterparty 3/ j 



Commissions for Collect 8 



Where bound 


Amount 


West Indies 


1.. 13. 


. 4 


Rhode Isl d 


.. 5 




West Indies 


..10 




S f Eustatia 


..10 




West Indies 


..10. 


.10 


New York 


..11 


8 


West Indies 


..11 


8 



£4 


12 

. 5.. 


6 


4 


17 


6 




2 


6 



4 15 



Machias June 10 th 1786 

True Return Stephen Smith Naval Officer 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



213 



An Abstract of Naval Office fees from July 28 th (the time 
directions were rec d for keeping an Acco 1 of the same) to June 
10 th 1786 



1785 












Date 




Vessell's Name 


Master's Name 


Amount 


Aug 1 


1 


Sloop 2 Friends 


William Parry 


. 4 






20 


Ship Cincinnatus 


Jonathan Young 


.13.. 


6 






Sloop Falcon 


Dominicus Hovey 


. 8 








Sloop Magog- 


John Dillano 


. 6 








Brig 1 Hannah 


Peter Dousett 1 


9 
O 


6 






Scho. Nancy 


William Powell 


.12 




Sep 1 


5 


Brig 1 Olive branch 


Samuel Tibbets 


. 9 




Oct r 


12 


Sloop 2 Friends 


William Parry 


. 4 








Sch. Dove 


William Shannon 


. 4 






19 


Sloop Nancy 


William Smith 


.15 




Nov r 


10 


Sch. Olive branch 


Israel Jordan 


. 4 






a 


Sch. Hibernia 


Joseph Obrien 


. 4 








Sch. Lucy 


Elisha Rich 


. 4 








Sch Hibernia 


Joseph Obrien 


. 4 




Dec r 




Ship Elizabeth 


Ebenezer Attwod 


.13 








Sloop Scarboro' 


Phillip Cranole 


. 8.. 








Sloop Dispatch 


PhillipCrandellJun r 


. 8 








Sloop Polly 


Jesse Noble 


.10 








Sch Reward 


William Widgery 


.10 








Sch Resolution 


John M c Guyer 


. 6 




Mar : 


28 


Sch. Dolphin 


Rob 1 Barton 


. 4 




April 




Sloop Fanny 


Tho s Archibald 


. 4 








Sloop Sylvania 


John Tylar 


. 4 




May 




Sch. Reward 


Daniel Drinkwater 


. 8 








Sch Betsey 


Thomas Jones 


.14 








Sloop Sylvania 


John Tylar 


. 3 


8 




19 


Sloop Katy 


Xath 1 Poor 


. 7 






27 


Sloop Thomas 


Thomas Adams 


.12 


8 


June 


3 


Sloop Sally 


John Holland 


. 5 






8 


Scho. Hibernia 


Joseph Obrien 


.12 










£12 


. 4.. 


4 


MacL 


lias 


June 10 th 1786 


Stephen Smith N: < 


Officer 





214 DOCUMENTARY EISTOBV. 

Petition of Paul Reed of Boothbay. 

In Senate -I une 1 786 

The Committee of both Houses appointed on the Petition 
of Paul Reed have attended thai Service and ask Leave to 
report as their Opinion thai the Petitioner have Leave to 
withdraw his Petition — which is humbly Submitted 

David Sexton p r Order 

In Senate June 14 th 1786. 
Read and accepted 

Sent down for concurrence 

Sam 1 Phillips jun r Presid' 

In the House of Representatives June 15, 178G 

Read and concurred 

Artemas Ward Speak'' 



To the honorable the Senate and House of Representatives 
for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General 
Court assembled, 
the petition of Paul Reed of Boothbay in the County of 
Lincoln, — humbly sheweth, that in the year of our Lord 
1781, your petitioner was on a cruize in a sum I] privateer 
against the enemies of the United States, in penobscot bay 
boarded a Schooner commanded by one Robert Douglas, a 
british subject, who produced papers, certifying him to be 
owner of said Schooner, mean time your petitioner was chased 
by a british Ship and drove on Shore: said Ship took the said 
Schooner and delivered her to said Douglas; and some time 
afterwards, said Schooner was captured by an American 
privateer, and carried into Sheepscut river, & was libeled and 
tried before maritime Court, Eastern District, said Douglas 
& him only laid in a claim to said Schooner, but to no effect. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 215 

She was condemned to be a lawful! prize to the Captors. 
Afterwards your petitioner was prosecuted by one Billings 
Putnam of Xewburyport for this same Schooner, said action 
was continued several Courts, and at length refered to a rule, 
and the said rule sat & judged upon the matter, when your 
petitioner was on a voyage to a foreign Country, and could not 
attend on the rule, and was disappointed of an attorney to at- 
tend in his name, notwithstanding the Rule went on, and 
awarded your petitioner to pay a large sum of money, without 
any hearing on the side of your petitioner wherefore your 
petitioner is of opinion that he has suffered great injury and 
injustice — Therefore your petitioner humbly prays your 
Honors would take the matter into your wise consideration 
& order that Judgment to be set aside, so that your petitioner 
may have a fair tryal in law, and your petitioner as in duty 

Ixmnd shall ever pray 

Paul Reed 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives March 17 Ul 1786 

Upon the petition of Paul Reed of Boothbay, shewing that 
in the year 1781, he took a Schooner, commanded by one 
Robert Douglas, for which he was prosecuted by one Billings 
Putnam, in which prosecution he lost his law and prays for 
a rehearing — 

Resolved, that the said Paul Reed notify the said Billings 
Putnam to shew cause, if any he has, on the second Wednes- 
day of the first session of the General Court, why the prayer 
of said petition should not be granted, by causing the said 
Billing's Putnam to be served with an attested copy of the 
said petition, and this order thereon, at least fourteen days 
before the said second Wednesday ; and that Execution against 
said Paul Reed, be stayed in the meantime — 

Sent up for concurrence 

A Ward Speaker 



216 DOCUMENTARY IIISTOKY 

Iii Senate March 24 th 178G 
Read and ( Joncurred 

Sam 1 Phillips Presid* 
Approved James Bowdoin 

A true copy 

Attest John Avery jun r Sec y 
Secretarys fees 3/c 

Essex May 20 lh 1786 

I have Xotifyed the within named Billings Putnam by 

Leaveing an attested the within Petition and order of the 

General Court thereon at bis the said Putnams Last and 

usual Place of Abode 

William In-alls Dept y Sheriff 



I the subscriber do certify that I am well knowing that at 
the Time a Judgment was Recovered by Billings Putnam 
against Paul Reed s d Reed was on a voyage to s l Peeters New- 
found Land I further Certify that I Saw a Letter Derected to 
s d Reed from General Tetcomb of New bary port who I un- 
derstood was Chareman of the Rule the purport of which 
was that when Ever he the s d Reed Could find it convenant 
for him to attend at s d Newbaryport they ware Redy to Set 
on the matter which Letter I Saw Just before Reed Sailed, 
& he Suposed the matter would have been- posponed until] he 
Returned which provided that it be Canvassed with Cap 1 
Flatcher upon his return on my Jurney from the East- 
ward talking with others of s d Rule said Flatcher told me 
he was then & senee uneasey about the matter, as thay 
ware pressed by Putnom to set & Return there Award before 
the Cort and they ware oblidged to act without any evidence 
on Reeds part, and he suposed that if Reed had been present 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 217 

Even without any Evidence but his own story it might have 

altred there Verdicts Very metearly. I am prety will 

aquainted with & sumwhat knowing to the Facts set forth in 

s d Reeds petition 

W m M c Cobb 



I Thomas Cooper of Lawful Age do Testify and say, that 
some time in the year One Thousand seven Hundred and 
Eighty one, I being a hand on board the Skooner Ann, Robert 
Fox Island, the said Douglass told to me, that he had a Pass 
Fox Island, the said Duglas told to me, that he had a Pass 
from Cap 1 Henry Mowit of Major Bagwayduce I likewise 
saw a bill of Sail of the said Skooner, which the said Duglass 
had of Billings Putnam of Newbury Port, likewise the said 
Duglass told me that his Pass would not lett him go any 
further then Owls Head Westward, the said duglass told to 
me that he bought the Skooner Ann of Billings Putnam of 
Newbury Port, as a sham in Order to carry on Fishing, and to 
prevent the said Skooner from being taken by either side, the 
said Skooner was taken by Paul Reed on the Fishing ground — 

And further sayeth not — 

Thomas Cooper 

Lincoln ss. Fox Island June 1 th 1786, Then personally ap- 
peared the above named Thomas Cooper and after being care- 
fully examined and cautioned to tell the whole truth and noth- 
ing but the truth, made Oath to the above declaration, by him 
subscribed, taken at the Request of Paul Reed of Boothbay 
taken before me 

W m Vinal Jus 1 Pacis 

Superscribed : To the Honourable General Court at 
Boston 

Deposition of Thos Cooper — June 1 — 1786 



218 DOCUMENTAEY HISTORY 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Uepresentatives March 17 th 1786. 

l T pon the petition of Paul Reed of I ioothbny shewing that 
in the year 1781 he took a Schooner commanded by one Rob 1 
Douglass for which he was prosecuted by one Billings Put- 
iiuin in which prosecution he lost his law *~V prays for a re- 
hearing 

Resolved that the said Paul Reed notify the said Billings 
Putnum to shew Cause if any he has) A why the prayer of 
said Petition should not be granted, by causing the said Bill- 
ings Putnum to be served with B a Copy of the said Petition 
& this order thereon at least fourteen days before the c second 
Wednesday D of the seting of the next General Court E and 
that Execution against said Paul Reed be stayed in the mean- 
time. 

Sent up for concurrence 

A Ward Speaker 

In Senate March 24 th 1786 

Read and concurred with amendments at A, B, C, D. 
Sent down for concurrence 

Sam 1 Phillips jun r Presid 1 

At A insert, on the second Wednesday of the first session 
of the next general Court- — At B dele a and insert an attested 
( ' insert said D dele from D to E 

In the House of Representatives March 24, 1786 

Read and concurred 

A Ward Speaker 
Approved James Bowdoin 



Essex Ss Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

At the Supreme Judicial Court of the Commonwealth of 
Massachusetts begun & held at Ipswich within and for the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 219 

County of Essex on the third Tuesday June (being the fif- 
teenth Day of said month) Anno Domini 1784 — 

Billings Putnam Ap l vs Paul Reed 

The Parties agree to refer this Action to Gen 1 Titcomb 

Moses Frazier Esq 1 " and Cap 1 John Fletcher the report of 

whom or any two of whom to be made as soon as may be and 

judgment thereon to be final & execution to issue accordingly 

& if either party shall neglect on due notice to appear between 

this & next Term ; then on the next reasonable Notice the 

referees to proceed ex parte — 

Att Cha s Cushing Cler 
Newbury Port 8 June 85 

We the Subscribers being appointed Referees as above- 
mentioned in the Action of Billings Putnam ag 81 Paul Reed 
after having given the Parties due Notice of the time fixed 
for our attendance on the same and upon examining the 
papers and accounts kc which are Laid before us — find that 
there is due to Said Putnam Ap* from said Reed the Sum of 
£120 & report that said Putnam is Justly intitled against s d 
Reed to the said £120 with cost of suit &c — Cost of Refer- 
ence & Postage £3 

Jon a Titcomb, John Fletcher, Moses Frazier 
Essex Ss June Term at Ipswich 1785 

Report read and accepted and Judgment according to the 
Report 

Jn° Tucker, Cler 

A True Copy Att Cha s Cushing Cler, 



To the Honourable the Senate and House of Representatives, 
of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General Court 
assembled — 
Humbly shews — Billings Putnam of Xewbury Port in the 

County of Essex, in answer to the Petition of Paul Reed of 



L'L'O Imh IMKNTAKY IIIS'I'ORY 

Hoof}] Pay iii the County of Lincoln, praying to se1 aside a 
.Judgment recovered by your Respondent, and to he admitted 
to a trial at law of the action, in which the said judgment was 
rendered: that the said judgment ought not to be set aside, 
because, after the action had been pending some time from 
the delays of the said Paul, the Parties agreed to refer the 
determination thereof, by a Rule of Court, to impartial men 
chosen by the parties — That your Respondent was appre- 
hensive, that the said Paul would further delay the decision 
of the cause, by refusing to appear before the Referees, and 
to prevent which, it was agreed by the parties, that if either 
of them refused to appear upon .reasonable notice, the Referees 
might proceed ex parte — That the Referees gave repeated 
notice to the said Paul to attend, and to give time even to the 
most dilatory person, deferred making their report for a year 

— that thereupon the said Paul wrote them his defence, and 
senl them all the evidence his cause would admit of, and told 
them in his letter, that he did not conceive his presence neces- 
sary, and submitted the cause to them upon his written de- 
fence, and the evidence sent them — That your Respondent 
had no council to assist him, and only laid his evidence before 
i he Referees — who thereupon made their report — If it was 
fit to go into the merits of the cause, your Respondent has no 
doubl hut he could shew your Honours, that the Referees de- 
termined justly— That he was the owner of the Vessell, that 
she was employed in fishing, and that one Peal was the 
skipper, and Douglas had no concern in her — What became 
<if her, after the said Paul had unjustly wrested her from 
him, he knows not, hut this he knows, that he has wholly lost 
her — Of these matters he does not go into the consideration 

— as he is advised, that your Honours do not enquire into the 
merits of the cause, but whether the Petitioner has been de- 
prived of the Benefits of the law, without any neglect of his 
own — Your respondent humbly conceives, that the said Paul 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 221 

has been heard before the Referees as fully as if he had been 
personally present, and that his being absent was owing 
wholly to his own neglect, which ought not to prejudice your 
respondent — The said Paul had expressly agreed, that if he 
did not attend upon notice, the Referees should proceed ex 
parte, and that judgment should be final on their report — 
Upon this state of facts, which your respondent is ready to 
verify by the records of Court, and the affidavits of the 
Referees, one of which (General Titcomb) has a seat in the 
House of Representatives, your Respondent prays that the 
said Paul may be held to his agreement, that his Petition may 
be dismissed, that your Respondent may not again be com- 
pelled to go thro' a cause of law to establish his right, at a 
great expence to himself, and to the delay of Justice — And 
your Respondent as in duty bound shall ever pray — 

Billing Putnam 
June 5 th 1786 — 



I Thomas Beverage of Lawful Age do Testify and say, that 
some time in the year one Thousand seven Hundred and 
Eighty one, That Robert Duglass Then an Inhabitant of Fox 
Island, Procured a Pass of Cap 1 Henry Mowit in my Presents, 
for Fishing and was restrickted in the said Pass from carry- 
ing his Fish into any American Port, The said Duglass told 
to me that he Bought the Skooner Ann Burdend about Thirty 
Tons, of Billings Putnam of Newbury Port The said Duglass 
told to me, that he had a bill of sail from the said Putnam, 
of the said Skooner, for the Purpose of Securing the Skooner, 
against the Enemies of the United States, as he was a great 
Favourite of the Britains, likewise he said that their was a 
Verbal agreement betwixt him & the said Putnam, that if she 
should run safe untill the fall of the Year, the said Putnam 
would put on Board the said Skooner, one Hundred Pounds 



222 1XMT M K.\ TAKY IllMoKY 

worth nf Goods for the s;ii<] I >< mi^Ijiss to tray'd upon, within 

the British Lines, he likewise said thai Putnam had beer a 

trying some time to gel ;i man thai he could trust, thai lived 

within the British Liner so thai he mite open a trayd this 

way And further saith nol — 

Tho B Beverage 

Lincoln Ss. Fox Island June I'" 1786. Then Personally 
appeared the above named. The" Beverage and after being 
carefully examined and cautioned to till the whole truth and 
nothing lml the truth, made Oath to the above declaration by 
him subscribed, taken at the Request of Paul Reed of Booth- 
bay taken before me — 

W" Vinal Jus Pacis. 



Johnson Moulions Ace 1 Sheff of York. 

May it please voiir honors 

The Treasurer begs leave to lav before the Hon ble House of 
Representatives the account of Execusion issued against de- 
linquent ( 'ollectors in the County of York committed to John- 
son Moulton Esq* Sheriff of said County By which it appears 
that the Sum of Nine thousand four hundred & forty two 
pounds six shillings & two pence, remains due on Executions 

in the hand of the said Sheriff 

Thomas Ivors Treas 1 " 
Treasury Office 15 th June 1786 



The Hon a the House of Representatives 
May it please your Honors 

The Treasurer begs leave to Represent that Johnson Moul- 
ton Esq r Sheriff of the County of York has Adjusted his ac- 
count of Executions against Delinquent Collectors of Taxes 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 223 

in the said County. By which it appears that the sum of 
Four hundred & eighteen pounds ten shillings & six pence re- 
mains due from him for the balance of Executions rcturn'd 
satisfied, And the sum of Ten Thousand Four hundred & 
fifty three pounds three shill 8 & seven pence half penny re- 
mains due on Executions agreeable to the List herewith 

Inclosed — 

Thomas Ivers Treas 1- 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts Treasury office 8 February 
1786. 
Due from Johnson Moulton Esq 1 * £418.10.6 Due on 
Executions p r list 10453 — 3 — 7y 2 Total 10861 . 11 . V/ 2 
The Hon a House of Representatives 

List of Executions unsettled by Johnson Moulton Esq r 
Sherriff of York Comity. 

Collectors Names Towns 

New Emission Tax 1781 



Daniel Emery 


York 


56 


17 


2V2 


Jacob Whittier 


Berwick 


65 


2 


sy 2 


Joseph Leavitt 


Buxton 


87 


10 


6 


John Say ward 


Sandford 


26 


14 


7 


Alexander Grant 


Coxhall 


145 





2 


Thomas Perkins 


Arundell 


64 


1 





Nath 1 Gould 


Wells 


174 


3 


5 


Abraham Annis 


d° 


190 


15 


1 


Joseph Chadburne 


Littlefalls 


53 


2 





Thomas Durrell 


Arundell 


4 





9 


Obediah Hatch 


Wells 


143 


16 


5 


Noah Parker 


Kittery 


34 


11 


5 


October 1781 Tax 


1045 


15 


3 


Daniel Emery 


York 


73 


17 


5 


Noah Parker 


Kittery 


46 


14 


11 



224 



I'M KXTAKY 11ISTOKY 



John Grant 


Lerwick 


96 


6 


5 


Thomas Perkins 


Arundel! 


161 


3 


7 


Joseph Leavitt 


1 luxtOD 


76 


4 


3 


John Sawvard 


Sandford 


61 


10 


4 


< tbediah Hatch 


Wells 


159 


6 


4 


Thomas I hirrell 


Arundel] 


190 


L5 


5 


Abraham Annis 


Wells 


173 


6 


7 


With 1 Gould 


d° 


28 


12 


10 


Dodivah Bickford 


Biddeford 


49 


10 


10 


Joseph Chadburno 


Littlefalls 


107 


4 


1 


Alexander Grant 


Coxhall 


180 








William Durgen 


Limerick 


44 


11 


2 




1449 


4 


2 


On Class Tax 










Closes Hodgdon 


Berwick 


74 


1 


8 


Mark Barker 


Arrundell 


74 


1 


8 


Jonathan Tibbets 


Sandford 


21 


11 


8 


r.ciijainiii Ilodgden 


Berwick 


118 


3 


4 




287 


18 


4 


on Beef Tax 












Lebanon 


170 


14 


8 




Massabesec 


107 


14 


8 




Biddeford 


130 










Littlefalls 


52 





4 




A run dell 


265 


12 


9 




Berwick 


155 


6 







Buxton 


282 


5 







Limerick 


29 


15 







Coxhall 


92 


17 


4 




Brownfield 


29 


15 







Sandford 


97 


10 







Peppercllborough 


228 


18 







Kittery 


167 


13 






1810 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 225 



on Continental N° 1 










Samuel Clark 


York 


99 


8 


4 


Noah Staples 


Kittery 


44 


16 


4 


William Jeffords 


Wells 


82 


18 


1 



Governor's Message — June 19, 1786. 

Gentlemen of the Senate and Gentlemen of the House of 
Representatives 
By a Letter from James Avery Esq r our Excise Officer at 
Machias to the Secretary, dated at Majabagaduce, of the 31 st 
of May, and which accompanies this Message, it appears, that 
in each Bastion of the Fort, which the British Troops built 
upon that land, there were Arches and apartments of great 
thickness, and Bomb-proof, in which there cannot be less than 
four or five hundred thousand of Bricks: That one M r Per- 
kins is now pulling down those Arches, and selling the Bricks 
to the inhabitants as his property, as being on land belonging 
to him by possession: That this proceedure must be an injury 
to the public, as he conceives those Arches, and the whole re- 
nin ins of the Fort, are in fact the property of the Common- 
wealth, upon whose land the Fort was built : And that the 
Bricks, if properly taken care of, would be of considerable 
value to the Government. If this should be your Opinion, 
Gentlemen, the measures, necessary to be taken to secure them 
for the use of the Government, cannot be too expeditious — 

James Bowdoin 
( louncil Chamber, June 19 th 1786 

Bill Empowering y e Sessions to Lay out roads through 

Plantations. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the year of our Lord 1786 
An Act to empower the courts of Sessions in this Common- 
wealth to lay out roads through Plantations 

16 



226 DOCUMENTARY EISTOEI 

Whereas there is no Law making provision for opening and 
maintaining of Roads in, and thro Plantations, within this 
Commonwealth, Be it therefore enacted liv the Senate and 
House of Representatives in General Court assembled, and 
by the authority of the same That the Courts of General 
Sessions of the Peace within the respective Counties of this 
Commonwealth where such Plantations lie, be, and they here- 
by are authorized and impowered, upon application to them 
made by the inhabitants of such Plantations, or the major 
pari of said inhabitants, to cause such Road, or Roads to be 
laid out, in such manner as may be most beneficial to the 
Public, and least prejudicial to private property. The 
charges of whicb shall bo borne by the County in which said 
Road or Roads are laid. And the costs of opening and re- 
pairing said Roads, when so laid out, and accepted by the 
Court of Sessions ordering the same, shall be borne by the 
Plantation or Plantations thro' which said Roads are laid out. 
and shall be assessed in due proportion upon the polls and 
estates of the inhabitants, and on the lands in said Plantation, 
or Plantations respectively, where the costs of opening and 
repairing said Roads may arise. And shall be collected and 
paid into the treasury, or treasuries of such Plantation, or 
Plantations respectively, for the purpose of defraying the 
charges aforesaid, in the same way and manner, as other as- 
sessments are made and collected, until said Plantation, or 
Plantations shall he incorporated. And the Plantations thro 
which said Road, or Roads are laid out and accepted in man- 
ner as aforesaid, shall he liable to be presented by the Grand 
Jury of the County in which they lay, for not opening ».V re- 
pairing said Road, or Roads, as they would be if incorporated 
into towns 

In the House of Representatives June 2 1, 1786. 

This Pill having had three several Readings passed to he 
Engrossed 

Sent up for concurrence 

A Ward Speaker. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 227 

Petition Selectmen of Falmouth. 

To the Honorable Senate and the Honorable Honse of Repre- 
sentatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in 
General Court assembled 

The Petition of the Selectmen of the Town of Falmouth 
in the County of Cumberland in said Commonwealth — 
humbly shews — 

That, about eight months since, the lower Bridge upon 
Presumpscot River in said Falmouth was with several other 
Bridges in said Town carried away by an uncommon Freshet 

— That the Inhabitants of said Town at the Expence of more 
than Six hundred Pounds have repaired all but the first men- 
tioned Bridge — several of which were again greatly injured 
by another very high Freshet the last Spring — That a Bridge 
near where the lower Bridge aforesaid stood is very much 
wanted not only for the accommodation of the Inhabitants of 
said Town but of all the Towns through which the County 
Road passes and for all Persons who travell to the Eastward 
That the said Town of Falmouth are burthened with the ex- 
pence of maintaining four other large Bridges over Presump- 
scott River the least of which is two hundred and thirty seven 
feet in length — and one over Stoutwater River which is 
three hundred & ninety feet long, besides five Bridges over 
Piscataqua River of one hundred & thirty feet in length each 

— and a number of smaller Bridges which in the whole oc- 
casions a very considerable Expence. — That every Town in 
the County aforesaid except the Towns of Gorham and Stand- 
ish is greatly benefited by one or others of these Bridges — 
and some much more than the said Town of Falmouth itself. 

— That this Town is utterly unable at its own Expence to re- 
build the Bridge first abovementioned and that in the Opinion 
of your Petitioners it ought to be built and maintained by the 
several Towns in the County excepting the s d two Towns of 



228 DOCrMK.vi'AKY EIBTOB? 

Gorham and Standish — They therefore pray that your 
I [onors would impower & direct the ( 'ourl of < reneral Sessions 
of the Peace for s' 1 ( 'ounty to cause a Bridge to be lmilt in the 
mosl convenient place over the lower part of the River afore- 
said — and to raise such a Sum upon the Towns aforesaid — 
viz the several Towns in the said County, excepting as afore- 
Baid as shall be accessary to compleat the same — or make 
such other provision for building of said Bridge as your 
Honors shall judge best — And as in duty hound will pray — 

Nath 1 Carll, James Frost. 
Falmouth June 15, 1786. 

Note The Bridge aforesaid was original built by Lottery 
— and Application was not long since made to a former Gen- 
eral Court to repair it in the same way Imt the Court judged 
it inexpedient to comply with this Request. 



Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of representatives June 29 th 1786. 
On the Petition of the Selectmen of the town of Falmouth 
in the County of Cumberland, praying that a Bridge may be 
built Over the lower part of Pesumpscot River in said Fal- 
mouth, at the expence of said County — 

Ordered, thai the Petitioners notify the several Towns, in 
said County, by publishing said Petition, with their Order 
thereon in the Falmouth Gazette, three Weeks successively, 
before the second Wednesday of the next Session of the Gen- 
eral Court, then to shew Cause if any they have, why the 
Prayer of said Petition, should not be Granted — 
Sent up for concurrence 

Artemas Ward, Speaker. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 229 

List of Towns which have not Returned an ac° of their assess- 
ments of N° 5 Tax granted 1786. 

List of towns that have not made returns of their assess- 
ment of X" 5 tax, granted Mar. 1786. 

County (if Middlesex, Maiden 806 .. 5 County of Hamp- 
shire, Charleniont 274-.. 14.. 9 Ludlow, short returned 
10.. — .. of— Plantation X° 7 — 121.. 11.. 3 Total 406 .. 6— 
County of Barnstable, Sandwich 1143.. 17.. 6 Eastham 
622 ..0.. 6 Provincetown 114.. 13.. 9 Total 1880.. 11.. 9 
County of Bristol Dartmouth 4628 .. 19 .. 6 County of 
York, Wells 1697 .. 8 — Massabesec 225 .. — Brownfield 
90.. — Littlefalls 180.. — ..—, Little Ossipee 197.. 10 — 
Washington plantation 105 .. 18 .. 9 Francisboro' plantation 
105.. 12.. 6 Total 2601 . . 9 . . 3 County of Nantucket, 
Sherburne 2124.. 11 — County of Cumberland, Windham 
502.10 — Gray 219 . .1 . . 3 Eoyalsborough 210..—..— 
Raymonstown 97 . 10 . . 10 Bakerstown 160 . . 12 . . 6 Bridge- 
town 127 .3.9 Shepardstown 123 . 15 — Otisfield plantation 
90 . . — . . — Total 1530 . . 13 . . 4 County of Lincoln, George- 
town 837 . . 5 - S l Georges 262 .3.9 Walpole 195 . 12 . 6 
Wales 96.5 — Canaan — 170. .18.9 Meduncook 175.18. 
9 Xorridgewock 116.5 — Sterlington 65 . . — . . — Belfast 
78.8.9 Machias 302.. 10..- Cambden 98.. 2.. 6 Han- 
cock 159.7.6 Mount Desert planta 11 228 . 15 — Plantation 
N° 1 East of Penobscot— 101 .. 5— Ditto N° 2 ditto 105 .12.6 
ditto N° 3 ditto 342 .3.9 ditto W 4 ditto 180 .12.6 ditto N° 
5 ditto 155 . 18 . 9 ditto N° 6 ditto 155 .18.9 Plantation N° 
1 East of Union River 185 .18.9 ditto N° 2 ditto 169 . 13 . 9 
ditto W 3 ditto 121.11.3 ditto N° 4 ditto 72.10 — ditto 
N° 5 ditto 152 . 3 . 9 ditto N° 6 ditto 118.2.6 Plantation N° 
22 East of Union River 61 .. 5 — Plantation on the West side 
of Penobscot River from Belfast, so far up the river as to 
include the Widow Wheelers Mills 158 .. 15 .. Plantation on 



230 DOC I'M KNTAKY HISTORY 

\' wesl side of Penobscot River, from Widow Wheelers Mills, 
up the river 133.8.9 Deer Island plantation in penobscot 
I lav 33] .. L7.. 6 Fox Island plantation L91 . 17. <i Penobscol 
Lond Island 117.. 10.. 8 Total 5043. 4. 2 County of Berk- 
shire, Williamstown short return'd 29.. 15 — Partridgefield 
4:51 .0.3 Total 486 .. 15 .. 3 Grand Total £20, L08 .. 1 5 .. 3 
Treasury Office July 3 d 1787 

Attest Alex r Hodgdon Treas r 



(lorcnwrs Message. July 7, 1780. 

Gentlemen of the Senate and Gentlemen of the House of 
Representatives 

The last evening by M 1 ' Henry Thaxter I received n letter 
from Stephen Jones and James Avery Esq™ dated at 
Alaehias the 29 th of June. They mention in it, that by 
letters from Colonel Allan and M r Delesdernier (a copy of 
which was enclosed) they are informed of a most daring in- 
sult upon the dignity of the Commonwealth and the United 
States, committed on the 2G th of that month by the civil and 
custom house Officers of the British Province of i^ew Bruns- 
wick, in seizing two vessels, the property of the Citizens of 
this Commonwealth, and within the acknowledged Jurisdic- 
tion of it. Colonel Allan's letter, dated at Dudley Island the 
27 th June mentions, that the Acts of New Brunswick, which 
are now published, extends the Western boundary of Charlotte 
County to the western shore of Passamaquoddy Bay ; that the 
seventh Parish, called the West Isles, include Moose, Dudley, 
and Frederick Islands expressly; and consequently that the 
United States are wholly debarred from all navigation in & 
into that Bay. 

By enquiry of M r Thaxter I find the two vessels were 
seized, as they lay at anchor near the Western shore, of the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 231 

West Passage into Passamaquoddy. — This conduct corre- 
sponds to those acts, and both together shew a disposition to 
exclude us from the navigation of that Bay; and at the same 

time must be considered as a violationof the definitive Treaty 
of Peace between the United States and Great Britain 

I have lately received depositions from M r Avery above- 
mentioned, dated the 12 th of May at Moose Island, concern- 
ing the conduct of Sheriff Weir, an Officer of Xew Bruns- 
wick: which have been obtained in consequence of a Resolve 
of the General Court passed at the last Session. — These with 
the letters above referred to, will be laid before you, Gentle- 
men, for your information, and determination concerning the 
subject of them. 

James Bowdoin 
Council Chamber July 7 th , 1786. 

William }\'ebb's Acct as Naval Officer of Bath. 

An Account of all the Money Received by W m Webb iSTav 1 
Officer for the Port of Bath, since the 18 th day of July 1785 
(w h was the day he Enter'd upon the Business) to the 18 th 
July 1786 — Viz 1 

For Entries & clearances & c & c 48 . 16 . 2 
For Registers (Sec'ry fees included) 7.. 0..0 55.. 16.. 2 
For Duties on D° .. 19 .. 

For light Money 29 .. 19 .. 8 30 .. 18 .. 8 



Treasurer's Office to W m Webb D r 

To Cash p d Tho s Ivers Esq r as p r Rec 1 [ 

Xov r 7 th 1785 
To D° p d Ditto as p r Rec 1 \ 

April 10 th 17- !6 
To D° I shall enclose with this Ace 1 



£86 


..14.. 


10 




9, 


. 


.0 




9. 


, 


.0 




12. 


18 


.8 



30..18..8 



232 DO< HI l.\ I'AUV HISTORY 

Rich'd Trevett Esq" Office fees County York. 

N'aval-Office Port of York [ Commonwealth of Massachusetts 
A true accounl of office Fees by me rec d between tlie 21 st 
of April & the 20 th of July 1786 

17m'», April 27"' Schooner Two-friends, Jeffery Mushemore 
Afaster, a yearly Pass a fishing and Indorsing Register [ 
£0 — 7 — , May 1 st Sloops Speedwell, Thomas Harmon Mas- 
ter Clearence for the West Indies 10/ Certificate for Lighl 

money 1/| 11 — , May 5 th Sloop Abigal, Zebnlon Harmon 

jnn r from New York \ — 4 — , May 6 th Schooner Fancy, 
John Harmon jnn 1 ' Master, Clearence for the West Indies 
10/ Certificate for Light Money l/\— -11— , May 6 th Sloop 
Active, Geo: Thompson Master from Philadelphia 4/ Permit 
to unload 1/ Certificate to Cancel Bond 1/G \ — 6 — 6, US' 1 ' 
Schooner Industery, Sam 1 Baker master a yearly Pass a fish- 
ing Vessel! 6/ Indorsing Register, \/\ — 7 — , 17 th Sloop 
Tryal, Isaac Pope, Master, Register 4/ (Exclusive of Secre- 
tary's fee) — a yearly Pass, a Coaster 6/ }; — io — r.)" 1 si<»ip 
Abigal, Zebulon Harmon jun r Master a yearly Pass a Coaster 
6/ Certificate for Light money l/\ — 7 — , 20 th Jeremiah 
Weare jun r Master Sloop Aurora, a Register 4/ a yearly Pass 
6/ a Coaster \ — 10— , 20 th Sloop Ranger, Rich" Littlefield 
Master, a yearly Pass 6/ Indorsed Rigister 1/ Certificate for 
Light money \/\ — 8 — , 22 d William Seeward, Master of 
Boat Seaflower a Coaster a yearly Pass — 6 — , 22 d Schooner 
Union, Sam 1 Winn master, for West Indies 10/ Certificate 
for Light Money 1/}— 11— , 26 th Schooner Polly, Sam 1 
Lindsey master, a Register 4/ a yearly pass a fishing Vessell 
Q/\ — 10 — , June 3 d William Seeward in Boat Seaflower 

from Boston Report \ G, 8 th Schooner Lively, Henry 

Mushemore Master, a yearly Pass a fishing Vessell 6/a Cer- 
tificate for Light money l/\ — 7-- 20 th Schooner Two- 
friends, William Crow junr a Short Clearence a trip a 



OK THE STATE OF MAIM: 233 

Mackril Catching \ — 2 — , 23" William Seeward in Boat 

Seaflower from Boston Report \ 6, 20 th Schooner Julias 

Ceasor, Shadrach Bell, a Register 4/ a Short Cleerance a 
Mackril (etching 2/j— 6 — , 26 th Schooner Seaflower, Wil- 
liam Welch master, a Register 4/ a yearly Pass a fishing 
Vessel! ()/[ — 10—, July 5 th Sloop Speedwell, Thomas Har- 
mon Master from S l Eustatia & permit to unload } — 11 — , 
7 th Sloop Seaflower, Zebulon Harmon Master, a yearly Pass 
6/ & Certificate for Light money — 7 — , July 8 th Schooner 
Fancy, John Harmon jun 1 ' Master from S l Martins & permit 
to unload } — 11 — , 8 th William Seaflower, in Boat Sea- 
flower, from Boston report — — 6, 13 th Boat or Schooner 
Sally, Edw d Low for Piscataqua Coast Wise — 2 — 6 
Total £8 .. 6 .. 6 

This Contains a just & true account of all the Fees I have 
Received up to the 20 th of July 1786 to the best of my 
Knowledge, Since the Last return 

Attest Rich d Trevett 

Naval officer for the Port of York 

York Ss Aug 1 30 th 1786 Then Richard Trivett aforesaid 
made Oath that the foregoing Account of fees by him Re- 
ceived in the Naval office is the Whole amount of them, with- 
in the Term in the same account mentioned, Before me 

David Sewall Ju s Peace. 



Petition of Nathaniel Low. 

To The Honorable the Senate of the State of the Massa- 
chusetts and to the House of Representatives in General 
Court Assembled 
The Petition of Nathaniel Low of Winslow in the County 

of Lincoln Humbly Sheweth 



234 DOCUMENTARY EISTORY 

Thai where as your Petitioner was Chosen Constable and 
( JollectOr of Taxes in the Town of Winslow for the year 1780 
and their was three Taxes Delivered to him to Colled two 

paper money Taxes and one hard money and in those bills 
their was Snndrey Lots of land belonging to nonresident Pro- 
prietors and no Person appearing to Pay Said Taxes your 
Petitioner applied to M' Gill to advertize Said lots accord- 
ing to his warrant and as your Petitioner was altogether un- 
acquainted in the matter he carrved all his lists and laved 
them Down before M r Gill and Desired him to advertise 
them in his paper according to the Tax act and M r Gill took 
them and advertised them in his paper to be Sold the tenth 
Day of December then next at the house of Joseph Carter in 
Winslow and your Petitioner Notified in Winslow according 
to his warrant and attended the time of Sale but the wether 
promesing very stormey no Person appeared to Purches and 
as the Season was and the river about Shuting up your Peti- 
t inner thought if he did not adjourn for some time he should 
loose the advertising and he adjourned to the 28 Day Jan- 
nary then next and then within three Days Sold all the land 
advertised which he had Notified in Winslow the Second 
time: But M r Gill made Some mistake in advertising Said 
lots and Did not Put the Number Just as the assessors Did 
thair was 2400 acors marked Al A2 Taxed 15/6 hard money 
and £110 paper money: and M r Gill in his Advertisement 
Put it 2400 acors marked B2 15/6 hard money and £100 
paper money now your Petitioner struck of A 1 A 2 to one 
James Huston who Paid the taxes and Intervening Charges 
and has Since that time Paid three Taxes more for Said land 
and is now Taxed in two more and no Person has ever tendered 
hi in any money for Said Taxes but at September court 1785 
William Tayler Esq of Milton drought an action of Keject- 
ment against Said Huston for Said land and at the Superiour 
Court at Pownalbo rough in July last said Huston lost his 



OF THE BTATE OF MAINE 235 

Case because of that Small Mistake in the Advertisement t ho 

the Sum of the tax ami the Number of acors was rite which 

is all Required in the Tax act ami your Petitioner being but a 

Country farmer and not understanding these things Did not 

See their was any mistake and now said Huston has brought 

liis action of Damages against your Petitioner which if it 

should go against him will Ruin him he therefore prays your 

Honours to take it into your wise consideration and if you 

shall in your Great Wisdom and Goodness see meet to allow 

said advertisement to be Good and order Execution to be 

stayed against said Huston and he be allowed liberty to Re- 

vew his action at the next Superiour at Pownalborough it will 

Releive Petitioner and he as in duty bound Shall ever pray 

Nathaniel Low. 
Winslow September the 29 : 1786 



Petition of Bridgetown Plantation. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts October 1786 [ 

To the Hon ble the Senate and the House of Representatives 

of the Common Wealth aforesaid in General Court 

assembled 
The inhabitants of the Plantation of Bridgeton humbly 
shew that whereas in time past they have repeatedly Peti- 
tioned this Hon bI Court that they might be free d from paying 
a Publick Tax for the present. That they have plainly Set 
forth their Situation and Sircumstances which are Such as 
renders it Out of their Power to Rais Even a Very Small 
Sum of Money on any Occasion. That they have likewise 
pray d this Hon ble Court that there might be a Com tee Sent to 
View them whereby their Sircumstances might be fully 
known to the Court, But your Petitioners have not been So 
happy as to have the prayer of their Petitions Granted as 



236 DOCUMENTARY HISTOET? 

appears by an Execution which has Lately Keen Sent to the 
Sherriff of the County of Cumberland for Taxes Leveyd 
uppon s' 1 plantation in 1T7S and 177!). That in addition to 
the Difficulties .Mentioned in their Former petitions there 
has an Epidemical Distemper prevailed amonguest them in 
the year past thai has Swept away more than one Sixth part 
of the Inhabitants. Permit your petitioners therefore (who 
stand Shuddering at the appearance of the Evils they must 
soon feel) once more to Solicit your Honours that the Prayer 
of their former Petitions may be Granted in freeing them 
from paying a Puhlick Tax for the present and Give Order 
that s d Execution may he with Drawn, or that they may he 
lxeliev' 1 in Such Other Manner as your Honour 8 Wisdom 
may Suggest and as in Duty Bound Shall ever pray 

John Pea body, Enoch Perley, Isaiah Ingals \ Com lee 



Governor's Address in re Indians. 

Gentlemen of the Senate and Gentlemen of the House of 
Pepresentatives 

The Commissioners appointed by a resolve of the General 
Court of the sixth of July last, to treat with the Penobscot 
tribe of Indians, respecting their claim to lands on Penobscot 
river have, with their letter to me, dated at Penobscot the 30 th 
of August, transmitted a report of their proceedings with 
those Indians. 

By the report it appears, that it was agreed by the said 
Indians on their part, that they would relinquish all their 
claims and interest to, & in all the lands on the west side of 
Penobscot river, from the head of the tide, up to the river 
Pasquataquis, being about forty three miles; and all their 
claims and interest on the east side of the river, from the 
head of the tide aforesaid, up to the river Mantawomkeektook, 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 



237 



being about eighty five miles; reserving only to themselves 
the Island on which the old town stands, about ten miles 
above the head of the tide, and those islands, on which they 
now have actual improvements, in the said river, lying from 
Sunkhaze river about three miles above the said old town to 
Passadunkee Island inclusively, on which island their new 
town, so called, now stands. 

In consideration hereof the Commissioners, in the name & 
behalf of the Commonwealth, engaged, that the said Indians 
should hold and enjoy in fee the islands reserved as afore- 
said, and the fee of two islands in the Bay, called and known 
by the names of white Island and black Island, near Naskeeg 
point. — And the Commissioners further agreed, that the lands 
on the west side of the river Penobscot to the head of all the 
waters thereof, above the said river Pasquataquiss, and the 
lands on the east side of the river to the head of all the 
waters thereof, above the said river Montawomkeektook, 
should lie as hunting ground for the indians ; and should not 
be laid out or settled by the State, or engrossed by any in- 
dividuals thereof and they further agreed to make the In- 
dians a present of three hundred and fifty blankets and two 
hundred pounds of powder, with a proportion of shot and 
flints. 

And the Indians on their part further agreed & engaged 
that as soon as the agreement should be confirmed on the part 
of the Commonwealth, and the blankets, powder, shot and 
flints delivered, that they would sign a relinquishment of all 
their right and interest to the lands, agreeably to the above 
contract. 

The sketch of the river from the head of the tide to its 
source, will give an idea of what the indians have surrendered, 
& what they retain. 

As the Commissioners think it a matter of real importance, 
that the blankets and other articles should be forwarded as 



238 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

soon as may be, \<m will probably think fit, Gentlemen, to 
make provision for that purpose; and appoint the Chairman, 
or some one of the Commissioners, to eompleat the negocia- 
tion, by delivering to those Lndians the stipulated articles, 
upon his receiving, in behalf of the Commonwealth, a proper 
deed of the coded lands. At the same time he should be in- 
structed to attend to their complaints, in regard to the fraud- 
ulent conduct of a trench Priest among them. 

The same Commissioners, by their report and letter of the 
12 th of September, have in consequence of their instructions, 
given it as their opinion, that it is a matter interesting to the 
Commonwealth in General, as well as to the inhabitants 
settled to the eastward of Penobscot river, that a road should 
be opened there-from eighty feet wide to the bay of Passama- 
quoddy near the mouth of Schooduck river: the lines of which 
road are particularly described: — That, there is a number of 
Plantations to the eastward of Penobscot river, proper to be 
incorporated and whose circumstances require it:— That 
there is a number also to the westward of Penobscot, to whom 
incorporation would be beneficial : but the Commissioners are 
restrained from reporting as fully in favor of incorporations 
on that side of the river, because the limits and extent of 
several Patents & claims are not yet ascertained and agreed 
on : — That the great remove of the people in the eastern part 
of the County of Lincoln, from the Courts of Justice, makes 
it needful, that two new counties should be formed there; the 
lines of which are described: — That many marriages having 
been performed in that County, in a way not agreeable to law, 
a return of such should be made to the Secretary's Office for 
confirmation by acts of the Legislature: — That for want of 
the late tax-acts, they have not known in what mode to make 
assessments of taxes : — That a new edition of the laws, es- 
pecially for that Country, has become highly necessary : and 
that a Proclamation should be issued relating to, & forbiding 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 239 

all trespass on, lands there belonging to the Commonwealth. 

These matters, Gentlemen, concerning which the several 

reports and letters of the Commissioners will give you fuller 

informal ion, appear to merit the attention of the General 

Court 

James Bowdoin 
Council Chamber October 4 th 1786 — 

In Senate Oct r 4 th 1786. 

Read «v. committed, with the Papers accompanying to Cot- 
ton Tufts & Tristram Dal ton Esq rs — with such as the Hon ble 
House may join, to consider & report — 
Sent down for concurrence 

Sam" Phillips jun r Presid 1 

In the House of Representatives Oct 1 " 5, 1786 

Read and concurred and M r Fisher M r Jarvis and M r 

Ward of Salem are joined 

Artemas Ward Speaker 



Report of Committee on Penobscot Indians. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To his Excellency the Governor and the Honorable the 
Council 
May it please your Excellency and Honors — 
In virtue of a resolve of the General Court, by which the 
under signers were on the 6 th of July last authorized, to treat 
with the Penobscot Tribe of Indians, respecting their claims 
to land, on the river Penobscot ; to make full enquiry into the 
nature and extent of their said claims, and by an amicable 
treaty to adjust & ascertain the same so far as may be prac- 
ticable: And in behalf of this Commonwealth, by the use of 
all fair, open, and honorable methods to endeavor to obtain 



240 IhmT \| KNTAkY HISTORY 

from the said Indians, an acquittal & relinquishment of their 
possessions, and a release of all their claims, and pretensions, 
of title to the said Lands; and in case the same cannot he ob- 
tained, to agree upon and limit the boundaries of their said 
claims and possessions on terms mutually advantageous and 
satisfactory to the parties. — 

We met on the 28 th Instant ahont sixty five of the said 
tribe, with four of their Sachems, or heads, who appeared as 
representatives of the whole, Viz, Orino, Ossang, called Es- 
quire Ossang-, Colonel John Neptune, & Victor Barvett, 

We represented to them in the first place that by the termi- 
nation of the Avar, a favorable opportunity offered for settling 
all the lands, in this part of the Commonwealth ; therefore it 
was that the General Court, equally attentive to the Interest 
of the Penobscot Tribe, as to that of their other [inhabitants, 
had directed ns to inquire into the nature and extent of their 
claims, lest in executing their designs of Settling their lands, 
they should infringe on those claims. This drew from the 
tribe a declaration that they would limit their claims to a 
small river about six miles above the head of the Tide, (which 
head of the tide was the boundary of their former claim,) 
thence to the head of the river, This claim they founded on 
the doings of the Provincial Congress at Watertown on the 
21 s< of June 177r>. We then explained to them the nature 
of that resolve, and that if they held all the lands mentioned 
therein, which was 6 miles on each side of the river from the 
head of the tide it would he of little use, if the state should 
settle the other lands, the strip left, would he no hunting 
ground for them, that it was therefore much for their in- 
terest, to quit all pretentions to lands below for more ex- 
truded limits above, After much time being spent on the 
Suliject and in leading them into a belief that the state really 
wished to promote their happiness it was agreed by the said 
Indians on their part that they would relinquish all their 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 241 

claims & Interest to all the lands on the west side of Penob- 
scot river, from the head of the tide, up to the river Pasquata- 
quiss being about Forty three miles, And all their claims & 
Interest on the east side of the river from the head of the tide 
aforesaid up to the river Mantanomkeektook being about 85 
Miles — reserving only to themselves the Island on which the 
old Town stands, About 10 Miles above the head of the tide, 
and those Islands on which they now have actual Improve- 
ments in the said river, lying from Sunkhaze river, about 3 
Miles above the said old town to Passadunkee Island, inclu- 
sively, on which Island their new Town so called, now stands. 
— In consideration hereof We in the name and in behalf of 
the Commonwealth engage that the Indians should hold and 
enjoy in fee the Islands reserved as aforesaid and the fee of 
two Islands in the Bay called & known by the name of White 
Island, & Black Island, near Naskeeg point, And we further 
agreed that the lands on the west side of the river Penobscot, 
to the head of all the waters thereof, above the said river, 
Pasquataquiss & the lands on the east side of the river to the 
head of all the waters thereof, above the said river Monta- 
nomkeektook, should ly as hunting ground for the Indians 
and should not be laid out or settled by the state or engrosed 
by Individuals thereof, & We further agreed as aforesaid to 
make the Indians a present of Three hundred & fifty Blankets, 
Two hundred pounds of Powder with a proportion of Shott 
& flints !— 

We further report that prior to a termination of the above 
agreement and very early in the Conference we discovered a 
total aversion in the Indians to surrender all their claims 
agreably to a wish of the General Court expressed in the 
Resolve aforesaid. — The Indians were so far from doing this, 
that when they were urged to relinquish as far North as the 
west side of the river as on the east side they absolutely re- 
fused on any terms whatever, to comply with the proposition. 

17 



242 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

We then discovered flint this could not be further insisted on, 
and we preserve that line of conduct which would give satis- 
faction to the Indians, a Circumstance which we desired to 
effect, as thereby we should at once gratify our own feelings, 
& we trust evidence our attention to the wishes of our Con- 
stituents, & the spirit of their Resolve. — The Indians further 
agreed & engaged that as soon as the agreement should be con- 
firmed on the part of the Commonwealth, and the Blankets, 
Powder, Shott & Flints, should be delivered that they would 
sign a relinquishment of all their right and interest to the 
lands agreeably to the above Contract. — 

Matters being thus agreed, the Tribe took leave of us with 
evident marks of Satisfaction in what had been done, and of 
esteem & Love to the Commonwealth. — 

B Lincoln, Tho 8 Rice, Rufus Putnam 
Penobscot River, August 30, 1786. 



Report in re Cannon lost Penobscot Expedition. 

Penobscot September 12 th 1786. 
Sir 

We have been honor'd with the receipt of your Excellencys 
order in council, of the 8 th Ult° relative to the information, 
you had received, on the subject of Cannon recovered from 
those lost in Penobscot, after raising the seige against the 
enemys Post on that river — 

We paid the earliest attention to the order, & although it is 
evident, that cannon have been recovered, besides those taken 
up by the enemy, yet we cannot learn by whom, & we see no 
prospect of there being regained, as it was done at a time, 
when the Country was fully in the power of the enemy — 
and as we have no reason to suppose that any of them are now 
in the hands of the present inhabitants. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 243 

Some more might possibly be taken from the wreck, yet 
probably, the expence of doing it, would much exceed the 
Value of such cannon when obtained — 

We have the honor to be with Sentiments of great esteem 
Your Excellency's Ob 1 Serv* 

B. Lincoln, Tho 6 Rice, Rufus Putnam 
His Excellency Governor Bowdoin 



Letter of Committee in re Indians. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

September 12 th 1786 
Sir 

From a persuasion that it will be considered, as the duty 
& interest, of this commonwealth at all times, to pay a proper 
attention, to the reasonable complaints of the Indians within 
this State, and that policy and justice, unitidly, demand from 
us a redress of all their grievances where the means of it are 
within our power. — We are induced to relate to your Ex- 
cellency, a complaint exhibited to us by Colonel John Trep- 
hine, one of the chiefs in the Penobscot Tribe, against the 
Priest appointed to officiate in that tribe ; that he put into the 
hands of the Priest thirty seven Beaver skins which he en- 
gaged to sell for him in Boston ; and account with him for 
the proceeds. — Upon the return of the Priest, some time 
since, he was informed by him that he could not pay for the 
skins, as the money was taken from him in Boston, to pay 
for some clothing, he the chief had these, which clothing at 
the time he received it, he supposed was given to him by the 
commonwealth. — If the Priest has made this declaration & 
it has no foundation in truth, he ought to be compelled to set 
the matter right, in justice to the State, and to compensate 
Neptune for the Skins. — If the account the priest has given 



211 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

is true, and any officer of government, tinder their direction, 
has received the money, care should be taken in thai case, to 
convince the [ndian chief, that it was not intended, that the 
cloths should be given, and that he was in an error, at the 
time by considering the matter in thai light. — 

However small this may appear to be, and really would be, 
among our selves, yet it is of importance, as it relates to the 
Indians. — We are further induced to trouble your Excellency 
on the subject, from a belief that the Priest received his Ap- 
pointment from the commonwealth, and that hereby he is 
Amenable to the state for his conduct, as it relates to his 
moral Character, besides his being, with other citizens, ac- 
countable to the laws of the state. We are persuaded that a 
little attention to this matter, will have a good effect, on the 
minds of the Indians, and have a tendency to secure, not oidy 
their obedience but their confidence ^V' esteem. — 

We would further communicate to your Excellency, that 
their are some people, in the eastern part of the county of 
Lincoln, w T ho have been married by persons not authorized 
by law to marry — Their great remove from such officers, has 
led to this irregularity; in some instances the ceremony has 
been performed by the senior Military officer present, and in 
other instances, by the naval officer in the lower part of the 
county. Such marriages, if the parties have been sincere, 
may be, and doubtless are justifiable in the eye of him who 
regards the intention. — 

Yet evils in some after day may be experienced, by such 
a departure from that system, which the laws of our country 
have wisely pointed out. — 

If there exists but a possibility, that consequences injurious 
may be felt hereafter, would it not be well, in time, to guard 
against them. — Should there not be a return of all such mar- 
riages called for, and they established, the defect in form 
notwithstanding, by an act of the Legislature — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 245 

We have the honor of heing with the most perfect esteem 
Your Excellencys most obedient servant 

B Lincoln, Tlio 8 Rice, Rufus Putnam 
His Excellency Governor Bowdoin 

P. S. Among the complaints which were exhibited by the 
people, in some of the plantations, they mentioned, that the 
laws had not been forwarded to them, which neglect left them 
ignorant of the mode of assessing the late tax, and how it 
should be collected — 

B Lincoln, Tho 3 Rice, Rufus Putnam 

The Sketch of Penobscot River from the head of the tide 
to its Source 178G (Vol 39 Collection of Maps and Plans). 

Letter of B. Lincoln to Governor. 

Boston Sep 1 19, 1786. 
Sir 

In my several tours to the eastern part of this State I have 

discovered a disposition among the inhabitants in general to 

submit to the laws of their country and I am convinced that 

they oftener offend from want of information than from an 

untoward disposition. xvTear thirty years have passed since 

the last edition of the laws of this commonwealth ; in this 

time a large number of towns have been incorporated and a 

great additional number of Justices of the peace have been 

commissioned all of whom I suppose wish to have a set of the 

laws — That towns should have them is an indispensible duty 

but they are not to be obtained and not only new towns in the 

remote part of the State but officers lately commissioned there 

must be destitute until a new impression. I know it has been 

given out that this would be done as soon as the revision of the 

laws was over — This business has already been a work of 

time and much more probably will be consumed before that 



246 DOCUMKNTAKY HISTORY 

arduous and necessary business will be fully completed. A 
volume might now be pretty perfect — binding of it may be 
omitted nut ill it shall be more so finally the whole may be 
bound together 

It has been a long practice, well known to your Excellency, 
for people to set themselves down on public property in the 
eastern part of this State — The commonwealth has wisely, I 
think, established a rule for quieting those who so settled be- 
fore the first of Jan y 1784 — No provision has been and prob- 
ably none ever will be made for those who have taken up such 
lands since that date. — This, sir, I think, will be a source 
from which great discontent will flow hereafter Many will, 
and I suppose may justly say, that from the want of informa- 
tion they have been led into the mistake and that they expected 
to be quieted in their possessions as others had been — I beg 
leave therefore to suggest to your Excellency the propriety 
of issuing a proclamation and of having many copies of it 
spread through that part of the country giving a full repre- 
sentation of the matter that whoever trespasses hereafter may 
do it clearly in his own wrong — This measure cannot operate 
to the injury of people who want settlements for lots are now 
to be given away in many towns so that they may now have 
as much land and as good a title from individuals as they 
have heretofore received from the State I cannot help think- 
ing but it is a duty incumbent on Government to attend to this 
matter and that it will be productive of valuable consequences, 
we cannot, in my opinion, pay too early an attention to these 
people I wish we may thereby fully obtain a knowledge of 
their circumstances and remove very just ground of com- 
plaint now existing and prevent the being of any hereafter. 

I have the honor of being with sentiments of our esteem 

Your Excellency's most obedient servant 

B Lincoln 
His Excellent Governor Bowdoin. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 247 

Letter of Committee to Governor in re Indians. 

Penobscot River, August 30 th 1786 
Sir 

We enbrace the earliest opportunity to inform your Excel- 
lency that the report relative to the hostile intentions of the 
southern Indians appears to us to be altogether without 
foundation and that the tribe had been imposed upon. — Be- 
fore we closed our conferrence with the Indians we repre- 
sented to them the evils which existed in consequence of the 
report and cautioned them against giving countenance to, or 
propogating such in future, unless there was pretty good 
reason to suppose they were true.— We did not however for- 
get to remind them that they ought to be attentive to the 
motions of those who were hostile to us and that they should 
notify us of every circumstance which had the appearance 
of a mischievous design 

They assured us that they would be attentive, & requested 
our watchfull eye over movements which might indanger 
their safety. — 

We arrived at the head of navigation on Penobscot river on 
the 25 th Instant and Immediately forwarded an express to 
collect the Penobscot Tribe informing them that we had some- 
thing to communicate interesting to them this brought to- 
gether about sixty five of their tribe with four of their sachems, 
or heads, of these they have six but one was so far hunting, as 
was also a part of their tribe, that neither he nor they could 
be notified, the other was sick, these four appeared as repre- 
sentations of the whole, and from what we could learn from 
the Inhabitants they were really the principal as well as the 
Majority of the heads — As our commission led us we first 
requested to know the extent and nature of their claims. — To 
this they did not give a full answer but said they would now 
limit their claims to a small brook six miles above the head of 



■2 IS DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the tide this they considered as giving up the six miles for 
they had hefore considered the head of the tide as their 
bounds. From their silence on the snhject we supposed that 
they had given up the idea of a claim to all the lands on this 
river as being planted on them by the God of nature, which 
they strongly urged two years since. — After reminding them 
that they Surrendered to Governor Pownall all their rights 
and interests in these lands, We mentioned to them that if 
they had their present possessions in Virtue of the resolve of 
the provincial Congress of June 1775 they could hold thereby 
only six miles on each side of the river which lands could not 
avail them if the Commonwealth should lay out <fe settle the 
remainder. — They appeared to be much hurt and disap- 
pointed when this was mentioned as they supposed before 
they had the whole width of land as far as the waters of this 
river extended East & West — This led them to complain 
thai as they could not read they were imposed on and that 
writings were of no value to them. — 

We endeavoured to remove this unfavourable idea by shew- 
ing them that this commonwealth had most sacredly attended 
to the said resolve And that they might place confidence in 
what should be done in consequence of our report, We en- 
deavoured also through the whole of our proceedings to con- 
vince the Indians that the State had a sincere regard to their 
happiness & were at all times disposed to make their situation 
agreeable. 

We think it a matter of real importance that the Blankets 
Ammunition &c should be forwarded before the sitting of the 
General Court, should it be defirred to that late period these 
articles cannot be delivered until] the next Spring, a season 
when they will not be so much needed, consequently the value 
of the present will in their minds be greatly diminished be- 
sides it will be difficult to make them believe that we really 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 249 

intend a settlement, should such a delay take place although 
we have endeavoured to prepare them for it. 

We hope the State will fully carry into effect our doings 
should they not the disgrace brought on us thereby will be 
an evil too small to be remembered with those which will arise 
from the state of uncertainty into which the Indians will be 
thrown and the loss of confidence in consequence thereof 
which may prevent any succesfull Xegotiations hereafter. 
We have the pleasure of inclosing a sketch of the river from 
the head of the tide to its source this will give an idea of what 
the Indians have surrendered & what they are now to Improve 

We have the honor of being with the highest esteem, your 
Excellency's obedient & most humble servant 

B Lincoln Tho s Rice, Rufus Putnam 

P. S. we wish your Excellency would give early instruc- 
tions to the committee for y e sale of Eastern lands, not to 
sell the said white Island & black Island which we have as- 
signed to y e Indians. 
His Excellency Governor Bowdoin 



Eliakim Ayers Petition. 

To the Honorable the Senate and House of Representatives 

of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General Court 

assembled 

Humbly Shews Eliakim Ayers — that in the year 1784 he 

came away from Saint Johns within the Government of the 

King of Great Britain in Consequence of which the British 

Government has confiscated his Estate which he left there, 

that he Erected a Sawmill on the Saint Croix within this 

Commonwealth & within what is now called the Township 

number five with an expectation to purchase the place of the 



250 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

state, that the expence of said mill amounts to Eleven hundred 

Dollars which lias exhausted all the property he has in the 

world, that the persons with whom he expected to purchase 

the same Township has failed him by reason whereof he must 

loose all his Lahour & money expended and he brought to 

beggery unless your Honors will sell him the place where the 

same Mill stands wherefore he humbly prays that your honors 

would Sell one hundred acres including the same Mill for 

such price as you shall Judge to be reasonable, and he will 

ever pray 

Eliakim Ayers 
October 6 th 1786 



Petition from Settlers in Township No 10 or Eddys, 
16 Oct r 1786. 

Upper Plantation on the East side of Penobscot River, 

Oct 16, 1786. 
To the honorable, the Senate, & the House of Representatives 
in General Court convened. 

The petion of Stephen Bussell, and others, setld on a parcel 
of Land, commonly known here, by the name Col. Edys 
Township. 

Your Memorialists beg leave to inform your honors, that 
sundry of us have been upon these Lands more than twelve 
years, labouring (we hoped) for our ourselves & children, as 
well as for the common good of America ; but we are informed 
the General Court, hath latly ordered, all unapropriated 
Lands in the County of Lincoln to be sold. 

We trust your Honors, do not wish to deprive us of our 
labours, without making us some compensation. 

We have suffered extremly, by the late war, It is not with- 
out great difficulty; that the first setlers, fix themselves in 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 251 

an inhospitable wilderness. Their labors raise the price of 
Lands in the vicinity at least one half. We pray your 
Honors will take your condition into your wise considera- 
tion ; and grant each of us one hundred Acres of Land where 
we have improved, and setled ; and your Memorialists, as in 
duty bound : 

X. B. the number of Years Each Man has been on these 
Lands, you will find against his name. 

Stephen Bussell. 13 years. Thankful M c Mahan 10 years, 
Alexander Grant 3 years, Patrick Monney 13 years 
in the House of Representatives Nov 1 " 10, 1786. 

Read & committed to the Committee on the subject of the 

unappropriated lands in the County of Lincoln to consider & 

report 

Sent up for concurrence 

Artemas Ward Speaker 
In Senate November 17 th 1786 — 

Reand and concurred 

Sam 1 Phillips jun r Presid 1 



Petition of Inhabitants of Parsonsfield. 

To the Hon ble Senate and House of Representatives of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General Court 
assembled Octob r y e 18 th 1786 — 

The Petition of the Inhabitants of the Town of Parsons- 
field in the County of York, By their Committee 

Humbly Shew, 

That we your Petitioners Humbly Conceive, that your 
Honours in Proportioning the Publick Charges Designed an 
Equitable part to Each Town in the Commonwealth, But 
never yet having the Valuation of Parsonsfield (not being 
called for) have Charged your Petitioner much more than 
appears to be their Proportion with other Towns 



252 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

That a Just State of the mailer may Appear to your 
Honours an Inventory Shewing the Amount of the Valuation 
of s d Town is Anexed hereto which by Compaireing with 
oilier Towns y r Petit™ find the Diference of Ruther more 
than four to one against them. Your Petitioners further 
Conceive thai the Difference in Situation we being Thirty 
Two miles from any Mark it Makes a Material Odds in the 
Value of Estates, by the Time produce is Transported to mar- 
kit by Teems & Exchanged for Cash the Expences Take up 
near one half Your Petit" Humbly Shew that they are the 
Greatest part Very poor That our Stocks of Cattle by near 
Seven mounths winter and by Flyes in y e Summer are of 
Little income 

That our Lands will not produce Elax Eaqul at Intervals 
or old Farms that the Destruction of Sheep by wolves has 
Hitherto hindred us from Ilaiseing much wool By Deep 
Snows in y" Winter they are hindred from makeing any 
Profitable use of their Teems and that the procureing of 
money for their Taxes is Extreemly Difficult 

Being Desirous of Manifesting that Loyalty which is Due 
to Goverm* by Seasonably Paying and Strictly adhereing to 
the Calls of Goverm 1 which by the Debt now laying against 
us we are Unable to Do ; Therefore your Petitioners Humbly 
pray your Honours would abate So much of Said Debt as will 
put us upon Eaq 1 Luting with other Towns and what more 
our Xeedv Circumstances appear in your Wisdom to require 
And they as in Duty Pound will Ever Pray — 

Thomas Parsons, John Doe, Jon a Kinsman, 

Committee 

Inventory 

86 ratable poles @ 25/— -£107 . 10 . 0, 14 Poles not rat- 
able, 39 Horses- -11)2. G . 0, 71 Oxen - -350.8.0 — 
134 Cows - - 393 - 8 - 0, 127 young cattle — 243 - 11 - 0, 
117 Swine - - 106 . . — 639 acres of Tillage & mowing 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 253 

Land 766.. 16.. 0, 549 ditto Pausteuring Land— 247 ..0.0 
-55 Barns - -275.. 0.0, 1 Dwelling house 25 .. . 0, 2 

Ditto £12.. 24.. 0.0, 2 Ditto 8.. --16. .0.0, 1 

Ditto — 7 .. — 7 - - 49 Huts or houses not ratable — — , 
171 Bushel of Corn — 3125-13-04 Tuns of Hay - 
3.12.0 Total 2675 ..14-0 at 6 p r C £ £160 - 10 - 7 - 

3950 acres — @ 3 d — £59 .. 7 . 6, 6198 I) 12 d 309 .. 18 . 
2100 D° 2/— 210-0.0, 3096 D° 3/6 — 541-14.0, 3500 
D° 5/— 875-2-0 3017 D° y e Trees fell hut need no Im- 
provW 6/— 905 - . Total 21,861 acres — 2901 .. 1 .. 6 
at 2 pr ct 

58 - 1 . 4l/ 2 Tax Bill £315 .. 12 - 6 Total Int £218-12-00 
to be Cast at 0-19-74 \ 208- 2-6 



315-12-6 
The annexed Inventory Taken in May 1786. By the 

Subscribers 

John Doe — Thomas Parsons jun r }• 

Assessors of Parsonsfield. 



Re: Petition of Mark Lord. 

CommonWealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives October 6 th 1786. 

On the Petition of Mark Lord praying that he may have 
liberty to Appeal his Action against Moses Copps from the 
Court of Common Pleas held in the County of York to the 
Supreme Judicial Court held in said County for reasons set 
forth in his Petition — 

Resolved that the said Mark Lord notify the said Moses 
Copps to appear and the second Wednesday of the next sitting 
of the General Court that he may shew Cause why the prayer 
of said Petition should not be granted by serving him with 
an attested Coppy of his Petition & this Order fourteen days 



254 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

before the next sitting of the General Court that Execution 
be stayed in the mean time 

Sent up for concurrence 

Artemas Ward Speaker 
In Senate Oct r 21 st 1786 

Read and concurred 

Sam 1 Phillips jun r Presid 1 
Approved James Bowdoin 

York ss Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

At a Court of Common Pleas begun & held at York within 
& for the County of York on the second Tuesday of July 
being the eleventh day of said Month Anno Domini 1780 — 

Mark Lord of Berwick in the county of York Trader Pla 4 
against Moses Copps of Shapleighs Town so called not within 
the bounds of any town Incorporate but within our county of 
York aforesaid Husbandman Del' 1 in a plea of Ejectment 
wherein he demands of the said Moses one Hundred & fifty 
Acres of Land with the appurtenances in Shapleigh so called 
afores d being the whole of the Lot numbered Nineteen in the 
second Division in the tenth Range in said Shapleigh Town, 
which Premises with the appurtenances the Plat claims as his 
right & Inheritance in fee whereupon the Pla* says he him- 
self on the fifth day of July A. D. 1777 who seized of the 
same Premises with the appurtenances in his Demisne as of 
Fee taking the profits thereof to the value of Five pounds a 
Year, and continued to be so signed thereof until within seven 
years last past within which time the said Moses hath illegally 
and without Judgment of Law entered into & upon the said 
premises & disiezed the Pla 1 thereof & still unjustly with- 
holds the possession thereof from the Pla 1 to the damage of 
the said Mark as he says the sum of Three hundred Pounds — 

And the said Moses comes & defends the force & Injury 
&c for Plea says ho is not Guilty & thereof puts himself on 
the Country — And the Pla* likewise — The Cause after a 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 255 

full hearing was committed to a Jury sworn according to Law 
to try the same who return their Verdict therein and say the 
Jury find the Def 1 not Guilty — It is therefore considered by 
the ( !ourt that the said Moses Copps recover against the said 
Mark Lord cost of suit taxed at one pound nineteen shillings 
& two pence — This action was continued from last April 
Term by agreement of the parties & now to be final The Pla 1 
claimed an Appeal from this Judgment but not Granted — 

Attest JN° Bartlet Clerk 
Copies from Record Examined 

p r JN° Bartlet Clerk. 

Governors Message resp 9 the claim of Mons r Gregoire & 
Lady to Lands. 

Gentlemen of the Senate and Gentlemen of the House of 
Representatives — 

A few days ago arrived here from France by the way of 
New York, Monsieurs Gregoire and his Lady. They claim 
in her right a Tract of Land in the County of Lincoln, front- 
ing on the Sea two leagues, and extending from thence into 
the land two leagues ; together with the Island of Mount 
Desert, and the neighbouring Islands : the said two leagues 
square having Mount Desert in its front — 

They represent their claim to be founded on a Grant, made 
to her Grandfather Monsieur La Motte Cadillac in 1688, 
under the authority of Louis XIV, then King of France. 

I received by Monsieur Gregoire a Letter from the Marquis 
La Fayette, dated at Paris in August last, and a Letter from 
Monsieur Otto Charge d'affaires to Congress from our illus- 
trious Ally, the King of France, dated at New York the 23 d 
of October: in which Letters they recommend the claim of 
Madam Gregoire to the consideration of this Government; as 
the land claimed is within its jurisdiction — 



256 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

A memorial in behalf of the claimants, was presented to 
the Genera] Court by the Consul of France in June 1785: 
lmt nothing' final was done thereon. — 

As I he Claimants are come hither from France, for the pur- 
pose of sell ling this claim with the Government, it is their 
earnest prayer, that the General Court would give an imme- 
diate attention to it: agreeably to their Petition herewith 

exhibited. — 

James Bowdoin 
( oiincil Chamber Nov r 7 th 1786. 

In Senate Nov r 7, 1786. 

Read and committed to Stephen Choate and Benj a Good- 
line Esq rs with such as the Hon bIe House may join, to consider 
and report — 

Sent down for concurrence 

Sam 1 Phillips jun r Presid 1 

In the House of Representatives Nov r 7, 1786. 

Read and concurred & M r Winter, M r Breck & M r M c Cobb 

are joined. 

Artemas Ward Speaker — 

Nov 1- 14, 1786. Cotton Tufts Esq 1 " appointed in the room of 
Benj Goodhue Esq r 

15 Joseph Hosmer & Joseph B Varnum Esq r were ap- 
pointed in the room of M r Choate & M r Tufts 

Feb y 21 st 1787 Stephen Mctcalf Esq r is appointed in (he 
room of M r Varnum. 



Governors Message Nov'' 11, 1786. 

Gentlemen of the Senate and Gentlemen of the House of 
Representatives 
In consequence of the resolve of the General Court relative 
to the Penobscot Indians, General Lincoln was appointed, by 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 257 

advice of the Council, to compleat the agreement, which he 
and the other Commissioners, connected with him in that 
business, had made with those Indians in August last — 

Unfortunately the Indians were gone upon their Fall- 
Hunt: by which means he had an opportunity of speaking 
only with one of their chiefs, to whom he communicated the 
Government's confirmation of the agreement with them ; and 
informed him of the quantity of Blankets and ammunition 
he was charged with, and which were to be delivered to them 
on their fulfilling their part of the agreement; and signing 
the Deed, by which they were to relinquish to this Common- 
wealth all claim to the lands stipulated in the agreement. — 

In the report of his proceedings General Lincoln mentions, 
that he had placed those goods in the hands of M r John Lee 
of Majabagwaduce, whose abilities, integrity, fortune and 
attention to business, he could, from his own knowledge of 
him, depend upon. He has taken M r Lee's receipt for the 
Goods: which, as appears, by the receipt, he has engaged to 
deliver to those Indians, agreeably to General Lincoln's writ- 
ten directions to him — 

The said report and receipt, with the several Papers accom- 
panying them, are herewith, Gentlemen laid before you. 

James Bowdoin 
Council Chamber Nov r 11 th 1786. 



Re. Petition of Dan 1 Pierce. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts — 

House of Rep 8 Oct 21 st 1786 
On the petition of Dan 1 Peirce setting forth that judgment 
was obtained against him by Samuel Peirson at the Court of 
Common pleas held at Falmouth now Portland for the County 

18 



258 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

of Cumberland on the last Tuesday in May last, on which 
judgment, Execution was issued & your petitioner obliged to 
pay thereon to Jn° Waite deputy Sherrif for the County of 
Essex Sixty five pounds nineteen shillings & six pence, which 
judgment & Ex on the said Peirce says is erroneous — 

1. Resolved that the said Dan' Peirce notify the said 
Sam 1 Pcirson to appear & shew cause (if any he has) on the 
2 d Wensday of the next sitting of the General Court why the 
prayer of the said Petition should not be granted, by leaving 
an attested Coppy of this Petition & order thereon with the 
said Peirson at least fifteen days before the said second 
Wensday A & in the mean time that the monies aforesaid shall 
remain secure in the hands of the said John Waite B 
Sent up for concurrence 

Artemas Ward Speaker. 

In Senate Nov r 15, 1786. 

Read & concurred with amendments at 1 & A 
Sent down for concurrence 

Sam 1 Phillips jun r Presid* 

1. dele "Resolved" & insert Ordered 
A dele from A to B 

In the House of Representatives ]STov r 15, 1786 

Read & concurred 

Artemas Ward Speaker 



To the hon ble the Senate & the hon ble house of Representatives 

in General court assembled Humbly Sheweth, 

Daniel Pierce of Salem, mariner, that one Samuel Pierson 

of Falmouth, merchant, sued him, on account, to April Court 

last in Essex, and arrested his body, upon w cb process he gave 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 259 

bail — and the cause was continued to July term last in y e 
same county; that sometime previous to y e sitting of y e s d 
court in July, the said Pierson, sued your memorialist for the 
same demand, to Falmouth court in May last. — that there 
being a dispute between y e said parties relative to y e said de- 
mands, it was proposed that a reference to impartial persons 
should take place at Essex, & at July court there, y e writ was 
called for but could not be found, tho your memorialist had 
been arrested as afors d upon it, & the bail bond is now in 
Sheriff Farley's possession & he affirmed & still affirms that 
he returned his said writ ; But the said writ not being to be 
found the cause was dismissed & a record made under the 
action that it was a misentry ; that while your memorialist 
was then amused with the expectation of a settlement of the 
disputes between him & the said Pierson by a reference or 
trial by a Jury in Essex ; the said Pierson was carrying on his 
said suit at Falmouth, & in May last recovered judgment 
against him by default while he was absent on a voyage, & 
altogether ignorant that any such suit was going on against 
him, that execution has issued upon that judgment & your 
memorialist has been compelled to pay the same & the costs 
amounting to £65 .. 19 .. G to one John Wait a deputy sheriff 
in Essex ; when he doth not in law or justice, if he can be 
admitted to have a fair trial in order to show it owe the said 
Pierson one penny, but on the contrary the said Pierson oweth 
him a large ballance. Your memorialist therefore prays that 
your honours will take his case into your wise consideration 
and restore him to his law in y e premises ; and that the said 
Wait be directed to retain the same money in his hands untill 
a final trial of the disputes between your Memorialist & the 
said Pierson or grant him such other relief as to your honours 
shall seem just & right, and as in duty bound will ever 
pray &c 

D. Peirce 



2G0 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Accompaning Documents to foregoing. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

Cumberland ss. To the Sheriff from County of Essex, or 
his Deputy — Greeting — Whereas Samuel Pierson of Fal- 
mouth in said County of Cumberland, Merchant, by the con- 
sideration of our Justices of our Court of Common pleas 
hoi den at Falmouth for and within our County of Cumber- 
land, aforesaid, on the last Tuesday of May last — recovered 
Judgment against Daniel Peirce of Salem in our said County 
Essex, Mariner, for the sum of sixty pounds lawful money 
Debt or Damage & two pounds eighteen shillings & two pence 
Costs of suit as to us appears of Record, whereof Execution 
remains to be done — We command you therefore that of the 
goods, chattels, or Lands of the said Daniel within your pre- 
cinct you cause to be paid & satisfied unto the said Samuel 
at the Value thereof in money the aforesaid sums being sixty 
two pounds, eighteen shillings & two pence, in the whole, with 
two shillings more for this Writ, and sheriff also to satisfy 
yourself for your own fees ; and for want of goods Chattels, 
or Lands, of the said Daniel to be by him shewn unto you or 
found within your precinct to the acceptance of the said 
Samuel to satisfy the sums aforesaid, We command you to 
take the Body of the said Daniel and him commit unto our 
Goal in Salem, Newburyport, or Ipswich in our County afore- 
said & detain in your Custody within our said Goal, until! he 
pay the full sums above mentioned, with your fees, or that 
he be discharged by the said Samuel the Creditor or other- 
wise by Order of Law, — Hereof fail not & make return of 
this Writ, with your doings therein into the Clerks office of 
our said Court of Common Pleas, within three months from 
the date hereof — Witness Enoch Freeman Esq r at Portland 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 2G1 

the twenty eighth day of July — In y e year of our Lord, one 
Thousand Seven hundred & eighty six 

signed Sam Freeman Clerk. 
Copy — Attest John Waitt Sheriff 

£63- 0-2 

2-19-4 Total G5-19-6 

Essex ss 27 Oct r 1786 I Return this Exon c 29 



38-19-6 
Fulley Sattisfyed Debt & Costs — 

John Waitt D Sheriff 



M r Pierson of Falmouth sued Cap 1 Pearse for April Court 
at Ipswich 1786 he gave bail — some proposals being made 
between the parties, it was agreed, that the action shou'd not 
proceed — however it was entered & no writ appearing, the 
Sheriff was call'd upon to return it — he declared he had 
serv'd & return'd it — the action stood continued to July term 
— before that Term the Pltff commenced another suit against 
Pearse, for the same cause | as it is paid j for Falmouth Court 
in May 1786 — but further proposals being made between 
Pearse & the Pltff 's Att y here | that is y e Att y in the Essex 
action it was agreed that he shou'd write to the Pltff at Fal- 
mouth for his assent to the proposed reference | & it was said 
that the Pltff doubtless wou'd assent to it — but at Essex July 
Court the first suite standing continued the Def 1 call'd again 
for the writ, the Clerk declared to the Court that he had never 
seen it & that it had not returned to him — the Sheriff was 
call'd upon again & declared he had returned it to some person 
but cou'd not say to whom — the Def l having no notice from 
Falmouth & relying upon a reference or discontinuance of 
that suit as proposed was defaulted & Judgment went against 
for £63=1=2 & costs & he has been compell'd to pay both to 



202 DOCl'M KNTAUY HISTORY 

Wait Sheriff here — when the Pltff owes more to the Voyage 
than the above sums — 

The Def 1 therefore wisheth to obtain a hearing of the cause 
at Falmouth Court and that the money may remain as secur- 
ity in the Sheriffs hands — 

for W m Pychon, Jn° Pychon 



Petition of Inhabitants of Bridgton. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate Novem r 17, 1786 
On the Petition of the Inhabitants of the Plantation of 
Bridgeton praying to be exempted and excused from paying 
the State Taxes ordered to be assessed upon them Resolved 
that the prayer of said Petition be so far granted as that the 
said Plantation be & hereby is exempted & excused from pay- 
ing all State & Continental Taxes ordered to be assessed upon 
them prior to the first day of January 1784 & the Treasurer 
is hereby directed to govern himself accordingly. 
Sent down for concurrence 

Sam 1 Phillips j r Presid 1 



Commonwealth of the Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives March 3 d 1786 — 

On the Petition of the Inhabitants of the Plantation called 
Bridgton in the County of Cumberland — praying that they 
may be abated their back taxes or otherwise have a Committee 
(at their Expence) to view the said Plantation and Report — 

Resolved That Isaac Parsons Esq r & M r Caleb Emery with 
such as the Hon Senate may join be a Committee to Repair 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 263 

to the said Plantation and view the same and make Report 
A. to the General Court at their next Sitting what is proper 
to be done thereon B 

what measures are proper to be adopted relative to the 
prayer of the said petition. 



Petition of Isaac Smith & others. 

To the Senate and house of Representatives in General Court 
Assembled 

The Petition of Isaac Smith and other Principle Inhabi- 
tants of the Plantation of Canaan humbly sheweth 

That the said Smith owns a Grist Mill at the Mouth of 
Wesserunset which is the only mill at which Grinding can be 
had within seven miles, that the dam is so circumstanced 
that a fish way cannot be made and he has no way of avoid- 
ing the penalty of the Law but by setting out the whole 
water, which will bring the Inhabitants into great distress — 

That the said stream runs from an uninhabited part of the 
country, and only four families live on it above the said Mill, 
who also live near the main River, and can as Easily as their 
Neighbours take fish out of the great River 

That no fish were ever known to Run up the said Stream 
Except a few of the last run of small Salmon towards the 
last of June. 

That the said dam has been very expensive both to said 
Smith and the Town inhabitants 

Your Petitioners therefore Pray the honorable Court to 
pass a Resolve to enable the said Smith to keep up his pond 
and free him from the Penalty of the law and your Petition- 
ers in Duty bound Shall ever Pray 
Nath 1 Whitaker, Bryce M c Lallan, 



2C4 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Peter Heywood, Isaac Smith, 

Peter Heywood Jun r , Phinelias Steward, 

John White, Eli Weston, 

Sol n Clark, Joseph Westot), 

John Fowler, Stephen Weston 



Petition of Francis Whitmore. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To the Hon 16 the Honse of Representatives sitting at 
Boston 1787 

The Petition of Francis Whitmore of Bowdoinham Gentle- 
man Humbly Sheweth — 

That in the year Seventeen hundred and Sixty three the 
said Francis contracted with Charles Ward Apthorp to pro- 
cure for him a Number of Pine Masts called King's Masts 
the said Francis took up a parcell of Goods to enable him to 
carry on the Business and as security therefor mortgaged his 
Estate at Med ford & procured the several Masts mentioned in 
the annexed Schedule in the Year seventeen hundred & sixty 
three delivered twenty nine of the said Masts and put them 
on Board a Ship at Casco-Bay Commanded by Cap* Tate & in 
seventeen hundred and Sixty four delivered into the King's 
Dock at said Casco-Bay thirty Seven more four whereof were 
put on Board said Ship & the residue M r W m Webb took the 
charge of, said Francis settled with M r Mark Wentworth who 
had the care of the Business in the year 1703 — for twenty 
nine of the same Masts & received an Order upon said 
Apthorp for the Pay went to Boston applied to Apthorp then 
in said Boston presented the Account & order for the last 
mentioned Masts he looked over them and said it was well & 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 2G5 

desired lie would wait a few Days come again & he would 
pay him a few Days after that he went off to New York 
was one of the King's Councellors there and therefore your 
Petitioner could do Nothing if he had attempted to arrest 
him in this Situation the Matter has been could get no Settle- 
ment nor pay to discharge said Mortgage. The Common- 
wealth have taken the said Mortgaged Estate as the Estate 
of said Apthorp and sold it — before your Petitioner had 
knowledge of it he living two hundred Miles distant from 
where the Land sold lieth After we heard of it — made ap- 
plication to the Committee who Sold it whose Names were 
Prescott Hosmer &c and told them he owed no money upon 
the same Land but there was a large Sum due to him the said 
Francis they told him they knew Nothing of the Matter they 
had orders to sell it 

Your Petitioner applied to the Judge of Probate who ap- 
pointed a Committee to examine the Account who found a 
Ballance due to said Francis £1764 — 9 — 3 for which the 
said Judge gave a Certificate & thereupon he applied to Sam- 
uel Barrett Esq r for payment who told him he had heard 
Nothing of the Matter & the Day before had paid all the 
Money that belonged to Apthorps Estate & your Petitioner has 
never received one Farthing for the aforesaid Masts it has 
been the means of destroying him & his Estate and made 
him unable to pay his just Debts for which he has been har- 
rassed & sued Your Petitioner does not wish to have to pay 
for the masts put on Board the Ship but only for those thirty 
three delivered into the Kings Dock which the Common- 
wealth took possession of and Sold — Your Petitioner humbly 
prays your Honors to take the Premises into your Considera- 
tion and order thereon as to your Honors may seem just & 
wise. — And as in Duty Bound your Petitioner will ever 

pray 

Francis Whitmore 



lm;i; 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Schedule of Masts which the Petitioner has reference to. 



Masts 


Inches 




1 


27 


190 


1 Mast 


27 


£280 


1 


27 


190 


1 D° 


28 


295 


1 


27 


190 


1 D° 


25 


195 


1 


30 


250 


1 D° 


24 
Bowsprits 


175 


J 


27 
Yards 


190 


1 


27 


190 


1 


23 


£300 


1 


30 


250 


1 


21 


250 


1 


27 


190 


1 


21 


250 


1 


28 


215 


1 


21 


250 


1 


27 


190 


1 


21 


250 


1 


29 


230 


1 


21 


250 


1 


28 


215 


1 


21 


250 


1 


29 


230 


1 


21 


250 


1 


27 


190 


1 


21 


250 


1 


28 


215 


1 


21 


250 


1 


30 


250 


1 


21 


250 


1 


28 


215 


1 


21 


250 



Petition of Sam 1 Peirson & John Frothingham. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To the Hon ble Senate & the Hon ble the House of Representa- 
tives in Gen 1 Court assembled — 

Humbly Sheweth — 

The Subscribers, a Committee of a number of persons, in 
the Town of Portland in the County of Cumberland, chiefly 
belonging to the Alarm list in Said Town, being desirous to 
contribute towards the support & defence of the State by the 
best means in their power & to encourage the art Military 
have agreed to form themselves into an Independent — Artil- 
lery Company — they therefore humbly pray your Honours, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 267 

that they & such others, as may be regularly admitted into 
said Company may be constituted & make an Independent 
Company by the name of the Cumberland, Independent 
Company of Artillery, with Officers of such Rank as your 
Honours may see fit to direct, to be under the immediate 
Command of the Major General of the said County for the 
time being, & to be furnished with two field pieces & a Gun 
House at the Expence of the State — And they as in Duty 
bound will ever pray 

Sam 1 Peirson, John Frothingham } Committee. 



Petition of John Baker et at. 

To the Hon bIe Senate & the Hon ble the House of Represen- 
tatives of the State of Massachusetts in Gen 1 Court 
assembled 
Your Petitioners humbly shew 

That a number of Persons in the Town of Portland in the 
County of Cumberland, chiefly belonging to the Alarm list 
in said Town, desirous to contribute towards the defence of 
the State by the best means in their power, have agreed to 
form themselves into an Independent Company, to be Uni- 
form in their Dress &c 

They therefore humbly pray your Honors, that they & such 
others as may be regularly admitted into said Company, may 
be constituted & made an Independent Company, by the name 
of The Cumberland Independant Company of Cadetts im- 
powering them to choose their own officers, to be under the 
immediate command of the Major General of said County 
for the time being, & that your Honors woud give a Rank 
to their Officers — & they as in Duty bound will ever pray — 
John Baker, Sam Peirson, Stephen Codmau \ Com ee 



l'<;s 



lioci'M K.NTAKV HISTORY 



We tli«' subscribers whose names are under written agree 
to form ourselves into an Independant Company in this Town 
and agree to meet together to adopt such Rules & Regula- 
tions as the majority of said Shall suppose necessary 



ISTath 1 F. Fosdicke, 
I Jan 1 Mussey, 
John Baker, 
Rich d Codman Jun r , 
Stephen Harding, 
Eben Storer, 
Thomas Motley, 
Step n M c Lellan, 
Moses iSToyes, 
Robert Boyd, 
James 1 Jeering, 
James 1 hmn, 
Peter Warren, 
Woodbury Storer, 
EJiph' Dean, 
John Emmons, 
Sam Peirson, 
Enoch Preble, 
Eben r Mayo, 
Sam 1 Butts, 
William Reynolds, 
Tho s Webster, 
Sam 1 Poor, 
Eliphalet Morss Jnn r 
Thomas Reed, 
Hosea Ilsley, 
Zech a Nowell, 
Joshua Rogers, 
Henry Preble, 
Samuel Bryaut, 



Eben r Preble, 
Thomas Motley, 
Dan 1 Mussey, 
Woodbury Storer, 
John Baker, 
Eben Storer, 
James Dunn, 
Thomas Reed, 
Moses Noyes, 
James Deering, 
Robert Boyd, 
Hosea Ilsley, 
Eliph* Dean, 
Tho 8 Beck, 
Peter Warren, 
Step" M c Lellan, 
Jacob Noyes, 
Thomas Webster, 
Nath 1 F. Fosdick, 
Rich d Codman jun r 
Stephen Harding, 
Thomas Motley, 
John Emmons, 
Sam Peirson, 
Enoch Preble, 
Eben r Mayo, 
Sam 1 Butts, 
Win Reynolds, 
Tho 3 Webster, 
Sam Poor, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



269 



Henry Titcomb, 
John Phillips, 
Apollos Gushing, 
William Moody, 
Tho 8 Beck, 
John Waite, 
Peter Warren, 
Stephen Harding, 
Thomas Peed, 
John Baker, 
Dan 1 Mussey, 
Moses Noyes, 
John Emmons, 
Sam 1 Peirson, 
Joshua Rogers, 
Woodbury Storer, 
Eben r Mayo, 
E. Dean, 
Tho s Beck, 
William Reynolds, 
George Peirson, 
William Moody, 
John Phillips, 
E. Davis, 
Tob Frost, 
Zec h Nowell, 



Eliph* Morss Jun r 
Caleb Aspinwall 
George Peirson, 
Eben r Davis, 
John Hobbs, 
Hosea Hsley, 
Zech r Nowel, 
Joshua Rogers, 
Henry Preble, 
Sam 1 Bryant, 
Henry Titcomb, 
John Philips, 
Apollos dishing, 
William Moody, 
Eben r Preble, 
Abner Bagley, 
David Bradish, 
Jn° Hubbard, 
John Wait, 
Lem 1 Moody, 
Joseph Weeks, 
Joseph Foss, 
Jos M c Lellan Jun r , 
Sam 1 Motley, 
Elex r Motley, 
Ralph Cross. 



Petition of Jn° Bake?- & Others of Portland. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives March 6, 1787. 
On the petition of John Baker & others of Portland in the 
County of Cumberland 



270 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Resolved, That the Governour be, and he hereby is author- 
ized and empowered, to commissionate the officers of the Cum- 
berland Independent Company of Cadetts in Portland with 
the following Rank Viz 1 The Captain with the Rank of Lieu- 
tenant Colonell, and the Lieutenant and Ensign, each with 
the Rank of Major. — 

Resolved, That the said company of Cadetts be, and here- 
by are entitled to an Adjutant, and that the Govenour be, 
and he hereby is authorized and empowered to commissionate 
the said Adjutant with the Rank of Captain 



List of Salaries. 








Governor 


£1100p r 


annum 


Secretary 


£ 


250 


D° 


Treasurer 


£ 


350 


D° 


Chief Justice Supreme Judicial Court 


£ 


320 


D° 


4 other Justices each 


£ 


300 


D° 


Commissary General 


£ 


150 


D° 


Attorney General 


£ 


300 


D° 


Committee for stating & Methodizing publi 


c 






Acco ts consisting of 2 persons each 




12/ 


p r day 


( !lerk to D° 




6/ 


P r day 


First Clerk in Secretary's office 




9/ 


p r day 


3 other Clerks D° 




V 


P r day 


Consolidating Clerk Treas ys office 




10/ 


p r day 


4 other Clerks I)° 




6/ 


p r day 


Messenger of the General Court 




£80 p r Anni 



D° Governor & Council 9/ p r day 

Members 
( buncil 8/ Senate 7/6 & House 7/ p r Day 
Delegates at Congress 26/ p r Day 

Clerks of the Senate and House from £135 to 

£140 per annum each. 

Superscribed Hon ble M r Goodwin 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 271 

Petition of Benjamin Libby. 

Scarborough Jan y 9 1787 
To the Hon bl the Legislature of the Common Wealth of 
Massachusetts, 
the petion of Benjimen Libby Late Soldier in Capt Amos 
Lincolns Comp y humbly Shcweth that Some months after he 
Rec d his Discharge he Applyed to the treasurer for a Consid- 
erable part of his pay but found it was Drawn by one Daniel 
Jenings who sign d his name Godfrey and your petitioner at 
the Same time Apprehended Said Jenings and others who 
were Concernd in the fraud and Delivered them up to the 
Athority of the Commonwealth your petioner Since that time 
have Resided in a Remote part of the County of Lincoln and 
have not had opportunity to Apply Before now therefore your 
petitioner humbly prays your honours for Consideration and 
Allowence of his pay and your petioner as in Duty bound 

Shall Ever pray — 

Benjamin Libby 

This may Certafy the above Petioner Inlisted for the Term 
of three years in Said Company which he Sets forth in his 
petition and Serv d his term out, which his discharge Sheweth 

Amos Andrews, W m Hasty j r \ Select Men of Scarborough 

Caskobay y e 5 th January 1784 

To y e Honr 1 M r Ivers Treasurer of y e Commonwealth of 
y e Massachusetts S r peas to pay to M r Benj a Barker the 
Whole of My Wagers that may be found Due on Cap 1 Link- 
horns liast Role — 

and you will oblige 

Your Humble Sarv 1 

his 

Benj n X Lebey 

mark 

Attest John Brown 
True Copy 

Peter Barker 



272 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Sur Pleas To 

Deliver the within odcr To Daniel Godfrey 

Witness my hand 

Benj n Barker 

his 

endors'd by Dan 1 X Godfrey Attest by Tho 8 Lovell 

mark 



A petition of Henry Dearborn And others. 

To the Honorable the Senate & House of Representatives in 
General Court Assembled — 
Humbly shows your Petitioners that in the year 1782 five 
of your Petitioners & one other man traveled from Hallowell 
on Kennebeck River in the County of Lincoln over that large 
tract of uninhabited country laying between said Kennebeck 
River & Connecticut River for the purpose of exploreing the 
Country & of looking out & laying a Road so as to open a 
communication from one, to the other of those two Rivers, 
that your Petitioners did, after exploring the aforesaid 
Country, look ovr & Survey a Road from Connecticut River 
to Bumbarhook on Kennebeck River, and found the distance 
to be about eighty five miles, that opening the communication 
between those two Rivers would be of Publick utility, and 
having found that there is a very large tract of unapropriated 
land between the aforesaid Rivers within this Common 
Wealth your Petitioners humbly pray for a grant of two 
Townships of land six miles square laying on what is call'd 
Webs River (which is near the senter between the two afore- 
said Rivers) upon such conditions & under such Restrictions, 
as, (taking all circumstances into consideration) shall to your 
Honours seem best, and as in duty bound shall pray — 
Hallowell January 16 th 1787 — 
Henry Dearborn, John Beeman, 

Reuben Colburn, Samuel Jennings, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 273 

Joseph North, Carpenter Winslow, 

James Craigg, Jonathan Winslow, 

William Brooks, Samuel Dutton, 

Elijah Davis, Jedediah Jewett, 

Amos Pollard, Benjamin Shaw, 

Samuell Pollard, Henry Smith, 

David Pollard, James Fulton, 

Ebenezer Byram, I)um r Sewall 
Nat. B. Dingley, 

In the House of Representatives Feb ry 26, 1787 — 

Read & committed to the Committee appointed by Resolve 
of the 28 Oct 1783 on the subject of the unappropriated 
lands in the County of Lincoln 

Sent up for concurrence 

Artemas Ward Speaker 



James Gillmore & otrs Public Creditors. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To the Honorable the Senate & House of Representtives in 
General Court Assembled Jan y 31, 1787 
The petition of the Subscribers Humbly Sheweth 
That Early in the Late war with Britain, when the 
Exigencies of Government required the Expenditure of Large 
Sums of Money, your peti rs Exerted themselves, to assist 
Government with the Loan of their Money, taking Notes pay- 
able some in the year 1781 some in 1782 & some in 1783. — 
In the year 1781 the Necessities of Government were so press- 
ing; That a Law was made to Enable the Treasurer to bor- 
row large sums of Money, in which were included the notes 
payable at the above discribed Dates, & also the Notes called 

19 



1*7 1 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Depreciation Notes promising a County, Exemption from 
Taxes &c Bu1 a further pay Day must be allowed, Relying 
upon the Faith of Government, your Petitioners complied, & 
their Notes were Consolidated by the scale of depreciation & 
new Notes were received, and by the same Law an Establish- 
ment was made for the payment of the Interest annually & 
the Redemption of the principal in part, at Different periods, 
since the Interest first became due your peti' s have received 
the same untill within about two years past since which time 
there has been a failure of payment, — if we apply to the 
Treasurer for payment which has repeatedly been the Case, 
The answer is he has no Money, if we take an order upon the 
officer of Excise & apply for payment the answer is the same 
he has no money, and often adds that lie takes none, if we 
should take an order upon some former Constable who is in 
arrear for taxes previous to the year 1784 which the Treas- 
urer wou'd readily Give we beg Leave to say that the Towns 
to which we belong have long since paid or very nearly paid 
all those Taxes, and we know not what Constable to apply to, 
unless to one who belongs to those Counties who of Late are 
Governed by Men Instead of Laws, our Success in the Latter 
Case, is too obvious to need mentioning, our necessities for 
the Interest of our Money is pressing, but the anxiety of our 
Minds for the Faith, Credit & Even Existance of the Govern- 
ment & its Constitution, are still more painfull, we profess 
our selves to be its faithfull Friends & to obey its Constitu- 
tional Commands with our best services, and we now most 
humbly Implore your Honours attention to our necessities & 
grant such Relief in the premises as to your Honors Shall 
seem meet — 

And as in Duty Bound Shall ever pray 
James Gillmor, Sam 1 Fisher, 

David Gillmore, Lewis Whiting, 

John Pierce, Nathan Daniels Jr in Behalf 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



275 



Isaac Heaton, 
David Lawrence, 
Elizabeth Thurston, 
Asa Pond 
Elijah Wave, 
John Whiting, 
Simeon Fisher, 
Joseph Fisher, 
Hezekiah Fisher, 
Betty Pond, 
Ebenezer Lawrence, 
Eben r Metcalf , 
Hannah Metcalf, 
Joseph Harding, 
James Woodward, 
Joseph Hawes, 
David Man, 



of Three Orphan Children, 

Robert Blake, 

Elisha Man, 

Jahez Fisher, 

James Metcalf, 

Asa Fairbanks, 

Asa Fairbanks Jim* 

Mary Whiting, 

Daniel Farrington, 

Jesse Ware, 

Noah Heaton, 

Jabez Fisher Jun r 

Phinehas Ware, 

Joseph Whiting, 

Pelatiah Fisher, 

Sam 1 Fisher 



An Act defining the times and places Where Certain Courts 
Shall Sit, &c. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the Year of Our Lord one thousand seven hundred and 
eighty six 

An Act for determining at what times and places the sev- 
eral Courts of General Sessions of the peace, and Courts of 
Common pleas shall be held — within and for the several 
Counties within this Commonwealth, and for repealing all 
Laws heretofore made for that purpose 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives, 
in General Court assembled, and by the Authority of the 



276 DOC I'M KNTAKY HISTORY 

same, that all the Laws heretofore enacted, and now in force, 
determining the times & places for holding the several Courts 
of General Sessions of the peace, & Courts of Common pleas, 
within and for the several Counties in this Commonwealth 
be, and are hereby repealed. — 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, that 
the times and places for holding the Courts of General Ses- 
sions of the peace and Courts of Common pleas within and 
for each County in this Commonwealth Shall from and after 
the first day of January next be as follows — Viz* Within 
and for the County of Suffolk, at Boston, on the first Tues- 
day in January, — the third Tuesday in April, and the first 
Tuesday in October: — Within and for the County of Essex, 
at Newburyport the first Tuesday in April ; at Ipswich the 
first Tuesday in September and at Salem the first Tues- 
day in December. — Within and for the County of Middlesex 
at Groton on the second Tuesday of March, — at Concord on 
the second Tuesday of September; and at Cambridge on the 
last Tuesday November.— Within and for the County of 
Hampshire at on the second Tuesday of 

at on the last Tuesday of 

and at on the second Tuesday 

of Within and for the County of Plymouth ; 

— at Plymouth on the second Tuesday of April, and the last 
Tuesday of October. — Within and for the County of Barn- 
stable ; at Barnstable, on the first Tuesday of April, and the 
first Tuesday of November. — Within and for the County of 
Bristol, at Taunton, on the second Tuesday of March, and 
the second Tuesday of September. — Within and for the 
County of York, at York on the second Tuesday of April; 
and at Biddeford on the second Tuesday of October. — With- 
in and for the County of Dukes County, at Edgerton on the 
first Tuesday of March, and at Tisbury on the last Tuesday 
of October. Within and for the County of Nantucket, at 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 277 

Sherburn, on the last Tuesday of March and the first Tues- 
day of October. — Within and for the County of Worcester, 
at Worcester on the last Tuesday in March ; on the first Tues- 
day in September, and the first Tuesday in December. — 
Within and for the County of Cumberland, at Portland on 
the last Tuesday in May, and the last Tuesday in October, — 
Within and for the County of Lincoln at Hollowell on the 
second Tuesday in January; at Pownalborough on the first 
Tuesday in June; and at Waldoborough on the second, Tues- 
day of September. — Within and for the County of Berkshire, 
at on the Tuesday of 

And whereas a General attendance of the Justices of the 
peace on the Courts of General Sessions of the peace, within 
and for the several Counties in this Commonwealth at every 
term for holding the said Courts, is expensive & unnecessary — 

Be it therefore further enacted by the Authority aforesaid, 
that from and after the first day of January next, no justice 
of the peace (other than the Justices of the Courts of Com- 
mon pleas and special Justices of that Court and Justices of 
the quorum shall receive any pay for travel or attendance on 
any Court of General Sessions of the peace within this Com- 
monwealth, at any other term, than the term which now is 
or shall hereafter be disignated by Law, for granting Licenses 
to Innholders and retailers. 
In Senate Nov. 15 th 1786 

Read & sent down 

Sam 1 Phillips jun r Presid 1 



In the House of Representatives Nov 1- 17, 1786 

This Bill having had three several Readings passed to be 
Engrossed as taken into a new draught — 
Sent up for concurrence 

Artemas Ward Speaker 



278 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Commonwealth of .Massachusetts 

In Senate February 1787 
The Committee of both houses to whom was Committed 
the Act passed the last Session of the Sessions of the (General 
Court for rendering- processes in law less expensive — and 
also the Bill for determining at what times and places the 
Several Courts of General Sessions of the peace and Courts 
of Common pleas shall be held within the several Counties 
within this Commonwealth — have attended the service and 
ask leave to report the following Bills which are Submited 

Elisha May p r order 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts \ 

In the House of Representatives Feb y 7, 1787. 
Ordered that M r Frothingham, M r Ward of Salem, and 
M r Gorham with such as the Hon. Senate may join be a 
Committee to revise the law passed the last Session for ren- 
dering processes in law less expensive ; and that the Bill for 
determining at what times and places the several Courts of 
General Sessions of the peace, and Courts of Common Pleas 
shall be held within the several Counties within this Com- 
monwealth & c be committed to the said Committee 
Sent up for concurrence 

Artemas Ward Speaker 

In Senate Feb y 7, 1787. 

Read & concurred & Elisha May and Abel Wilder Esq 1 " 3 

are joined — 

Sam 1 Phillips jun r Presid' 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 279 

Bill for Regulating the Commencement of the Year. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

In the year of our Lord on Thousand Seven hundred and 
Eighty four 

An act for Regulating the Commencement of the year and 
for Correcting the Calendar 

Whereas the Indian Calendar, by reason of the encreasing 
errors of it, has heen discontinued : and it being necessary 
that the new Supputation of the Civil year, which has been 
Substituted instead thereof, should be Established by Law. 

Be it enacted by the senate and House of Representatives 
in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same, 
that the new Supputation of the civil year, by which the first 
day of January in Every year, is made the first day of the 
year, — shall be, and hereby is ordered to be, received, adopted, 
Continued, and used in this Common Wealth, in all future 
time: and the Several months of the year and the several 
days of Each month, shall be Called, — Reckoned, and num- 
bered, by the names, and according to the order, and suc- 
cession of months and days, now used in the present Calendar. 

And for the Continuing and preserving the Calendar, or 
method of reconing and Computing the days of the year, so 
that the Vernal or Spring Equinox may in future happen on 
or about the Twenty first day of March — 

Be it further Enacted by the authority aforesaid, that the 
Several years of our Lord one Thousand Eight hundred, one 
Thousand Nine hundred, Two Thousand one hundred, Two 
Thousand Two hundred, Two Thousand three hundred, or 
any other hundredth year of our Lord which Shall happen 
in time to Come, Except only Every fourth hundredth year 
of our Lord, whereof the Year of our Lord Two Thousand 
shall be the first, Shall be Esteemed or taken to be Common 
years, Consisting of Three hundred and Sixty five days and 



280 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

no more ; p.rijrj that the years of our Lord Two Thousand, Two 
Thousand four hundred, Two Thousand Eight hundred, and 
Every other fourth hundred year of our Lord from the said 
year of our Lord Two Thousand Inclusive, and also all the 
other years of our Lord which by the present Supputation are 
Esteemed to be Bissextile or leap years, shall for the future, 
and in all times to come, be Esteemed and Taken to be Bis- 
sextile or leap years, Consisting of Three hundred and Sixty 
Six days, in the same sort and manner as is now used with 
Respect to Every fourth year, of which the year of our Lord 
one Thousand Seven hundred & seventy Six, the Glorious era 
of the Independence of the United States of America may be 
reconed as the first. 
In the House of Representatives June 22 d 1784 

This Bill having had three several Readings passed to 
be Engrossed 

Sent up for concurrence 

Sam A. Otis Spk r 

In Senate Eeb y 18, 1787 

This Bill having had two several readings, passed to be 
Engrossed 

sent down for concurrence 

Sam 1 Phillips jun r Presid 1 



Petition of Inhabitants on the Easterly side of Androscoggin 

River. 

To the Honourable Senate and House of Representatives of 

the Common Wealth of the Massachusetts In General 

Court Assembled 

The petition of the Inhabitants and Settlers of a plantation 

on the Easterly side of Amniarascogging River and More 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 281 

than five Miles above the great, falls on said River and Laying 
Between the plymouth patent grant and the above said Ara- 
mariscoging River Humbly Sheweth 

That Whereas Your petitioners Have gone on to the above 
Discribed Land and Made Some Improvements and En- 
countered the Difficulties that naturaly arise In the first 
Cultivation of a New Plantation and therefore renders it of 
use to the Common Wealth therefore your Humble petitioners 
would pray that in your wisdom you would see Cause to 
make provision for the Settlers in the grant of Said Land to 
any proprietor or proprietors and that the said petitioners 
May Have an opertunity to purchase their Lots on such 
terms as the general Court In their Wisdom Shall be proper 
or as the other Lands Have Ben sold for the adjacent planta- 
tions In the County of Cumberland and Lincoln and Xot to 
Be under any obligations to any proprietor Who May Here- 
after Have a grant of the above said plantation and Whereas 
your petitioners Having Had Information that Coin 1 Little 
Claims the above Said Land & that the Matter May be Brougt 
to an Issue as soon as Convenantly May Bee that your 
Humble petitioners May govern themselves accordingly; is 
our further prayer, as Wee are Ever Bound In Duty to 
pray — 

October 30 th 1786 — 

Jairus Phillips, John Jennings, 

Isaac Phillips, Jivah Fish, 

John Whitting, Ichabod Phillips, 

Joseph Crocker, Prince Dunsick, 

Abel Crocker, Edward Jones, 

Jacob Astn, l!<| ]ah Samson Jun r 

Abnar Brown, Zoar Samson, 

Benja Rackley, Jame Samson, 

Eli Herrick, Daniel Lane, 

Samuel Herrick, Daniel Lane Jun, 



■2* -2 



I \l KN'TAIJY II [STORY 



John Larrabee, 

Moses Brown, 
Benjamin Brown, 
Eleazer Allen Pmkham, 
John Mower, 
Stephen Twiss, 
Stephen Larrahee, 
Benjamin Merrille, 
Abner Morrill, 
Elisha Pinkham, 
Jacob Stevens, 
Lemuel Comins, 
John Butler, 
John Daggett, 
Benjamin Cole, 
Thomas Stevens 
Jarimiah Whitney, 
Asariah Barker, 
Jorge Bearry, 
Caleb Dodge, 



(liddins Lane, 
Adams Royall, 
Thomas Francis, 
Marshfield True 

Paul Solomon Millet, 
Morgan Browster, 
| | Drake, 

Joseph Samson, 
Benjamin Alden, 
Samuel Gillant, 
Henry Gilbert, 
Daniel Child, 
John pumpilly 
Ahithar Briggs 
Edward Adams, 
Zeba Smith, 
Libeas Bailey, 
Lemuel D welly 
Barnabas Perry, 



Barnard pumpilly 
Feb y y e 28 th 1787 the Committee of Both Houses to whose 
Consideration the within petition was reffered, having Ex- 
amined the same, ask Leave to report that the Further Con- 
sideration thereof be reffered to the next General Court, which 

is Submitted 

Sam 1 Baker p r Order 



Mr ni" of J oh ii Sullivan for app* of Comm rs to examine A/C 8 
&c of Sum 1 Lord 3 d deceased. 

( oiiinionwealtli of Massachusetts 

In the house of Representatives February 13 th 1787. 
On the Memorial of the hon ble John Sullivan Esq 1 * of Dur- 
ham in the State of New hampshire, praying that Com- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 283 

missioners may be appointed to examine certain accounts 
against the Estate of Samuel Lord, the third, of Berwick in 
the County of York deceased, Intestate, or to empower the 
-ii picnic judicial Court to appoint such Commissioners or to 
give such other Relief, for reasons sett forth in said Petition, 
as the general Court may deem just and equitable. 

Ordered, That the said John Sullivan serve the Heirs of 
the said Samuel Lord, deceased, with a true Copy of the said 
Petition; and of the Papers accompanying it, and also, of 
this order thereon, at least fourteen days previous to the next 
sotting of the general Court; and that the said Heirs be noti- 
fied to appear on the second Wednesday of the next Session 
of the general Court, to shew cause why the Prayer of the 
said Petition should not be granted. — 
Sent up for concurrence 

Artemas Ward Speaker. 
In Senate Feb y 15 th 1787 — 

Read and concurred 

Sam 1 Phillips jun r Presid 1 



To the Hon ble Senate & house of Representatives now sitting 
at Boston within & for the Commonwealth of Massa- 
chusetts in February 1787 — 
The Memorial of John Sullivan of Durham in the County 
of Strafford & State of New Hampshire Esq 1- Humbly sheweth 
That your Memorialist in Oct r 1773 at the request of Lydia 
Lord, relict of Sam 1 Lord 3 d late of Berwick in the County 
of York Trader deceased intestate, joined with her in the 
administration upon s d intestates estate — That the said Sam 1 
at the time of his death was possessed of only a small real & 
personal estate exclusive of some notes of hand which were 
a little before the death of the said Samuel transfered to him 



:> 1 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

iii right of the Baid Lydia as her proportion of the personal 
estate of her father Thomas Wallingford Esq' deceased by 
indorsement of the Administration of her said fathers estate 
-That the said Sam 1 left six children all minors & most of 
them in a state of Childhood at the time of his decease — 
That your memorialist immediately after administration was 
granted caused an inventory to he made of all the real & per- 
sonal estate of the said Samuel, & used every possible exer- 
tion to complete the settlement of his accounts which were 
very numerous — That before a settlement of s d estate could 
possibly be completed — the contest between Great Britain & 
America took place, <fc warm recommendations were sent from 
the friends of American freedom to every quarter, urging the 
necesity of avoiding suits at Law until a settlement of the 
controversy should take place; in consequence of which al- 
most a total stop was soon a fter put to the recovery of debts — 
That in the year 1774 your memorialist was called to 
( 'ongress as a Member returned Inane only for a short time, 
& served again in 1775, until he was called upon to join the 
American army, where he remained till Decern 1 " 1779 — That 
the said Lydia during his absence married John Costelloe who 
with her undertook the support & education of the children 
& laid out great sums of money therefor without taking out 
letters of guardianship or even conceiving it necessary — And 
your memorialist being constantly engaged in the service of 
his Country had no opportunity of advising them what to do 
or of knowing what they had done — 

The said John & Lydia also made some efforts towards 
settling the estate but certain Acts which made paper money 
a tender in this & the neighbouring States for a number of 
years when paper bills were in a very depreciated state induced 
them to forbear making demands & bringing actions & sub- 
jected them to great loss upon such sums as they were com- 
pelled to receive from persons who by virtue of those Acts 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 285 

tendered them the paper hills when they were not in fact 
worth a quarter part of the nominal sum in silver money, that 
since the conclusion of the war your memorialist has made 
repeated efforts to settle with the now surviving heirs of the 
said Samuel Lord most of whom have arrived to twentyone 
years of age, hut they refuse to allow any thing for the main- 
tenance & education of the minors to make any consideration 
for the loss on the monies received or to submit the same to 
the judgment of judicious & disinterested persons — Your 
memorrialist thus circumstanced was compelled to exhibit an 
account to the Judge of probate for the County of York, 
charging for the support of the minors & for their education, 
in the Administration account against the estate, but the 
Judge of probate refused allowing anything, on account of 
letters of guardianship not having been taken out & because 
he supposed each minor ought to be answerable for his own 
education •& maintenance out of his own particular share, & 
decreed accordingly, from which Judgment an appeal was 
taken to the Sup r Court to be holden at York in June next, 
when a final Judgment is to be given thereon — And should 
the Superior Court determine that no allowance can be made 
but to guardians for maintainance & education, according to 
the rigid rules of Law however just & equitable the claims 
may appear, Your memorialist will be compelled after having 
Judgment rendered against him to involve himself in a num- 
ber of expensive Law suits to obtain satisfaction from the 
respective heirs: And even after Judgment it is far from 
being certain that satisfaction could be obtained Your memo- 
rialists is convinced that your honors would not willingly 
suffer him to be injured & perplexed when he has so equitable 
a claim against the heirs & which he was prevented from 
rendering strictly legal by attending to that service which 
his Country demanded from him — 



286 DOC V M E X T A K Y HISTORY 

Your memorialisl would ao1 trouble your honors with his 
request if a Court of Chancery was established in this Com- 
monwealth, or if any other Court was cloathed with power of 
;i Courl of Chancery, as then a number of expensive & tedious 
lawsuits might be prevented & the whole settled by one just 
& equitable decision — 

Your memorialist therefore humbly prays that an Act or 
resolve may be passed empowering three or more Commis- 
sioners to examine the whole affair, to make such allowance 
for maintenance, education & loss by depreciation as shall 
appear just & equitable, & give to the respective heirs their 
full proportion of the estate of the said Samuel, or that your 
honors will empower the Superior Court to appoint such 
( 'ommissioners with ample powers, or grant your memorialist 
such other relief, as your wisdom shall direct & your memo- 
rialist as in duty bound will pray 

John Sullivan 
February 7 th 1787 — 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives 13 th February 1787 — 
On the memorial of the Honorable John Sullivan Esq r of 
Durham in the State of New Hampshire praying that Com- 
missioners may be appointed to examine certain accounts 
against the estate of Samuel Lord the third of Berwick in the 
County of York deceased intestate or to empower the Supreme 
Judicial Court to appoint such Commissioners or to give such 
other relief for reasons set forth in said petition as the gen- 
eral Court may deem just & equitable — 

Ordered that the said John Sullivan serve the heirs of the 
said Samuel Lord deceased with a true copy of said petition 
& of the papers accompanying it & also of this order thereon 
at least fourteen days previous to the next sitting of the gen- 
eral Court; and that the said heirs be notified to appear on 



OF THE STATE OF MAIM: 287 

the second Wednesday of the next session of the General 

Court to shew cause why the prayer of the said petition should 

not he granted — 

Sent up for concurrence 

Art en i as Ward Spk r 

In Senate 15 th February 1787 

Read & Concurred 

Samuel Phillips jun r Prosit 1' 
A True Copy Attest 

Samuel Cooper Oik to the Senate 



Administration Account of the estate of Samuel Lord the 
third deceased, in the hands of John Sullivan & Lydia Cos- 
telloe (Wife of IP John Costelloe) Administrators of s d 
Estate — 

The Administrators charge themselves with the following 
articles, Viz — 

To all the personal Estate of the said intestate £541— 6- 8 
To two thirds of the income of the real estate \ 
from the 22 d of July 1773 @ 6£ p r annum ] 51 
To ballance rec'd from Noah Ricker 1- 3- 4 

To D° from Benf Gubtail 1-15- 2 

To D° from Joseph Pray 1-11 

To D° from W m Hooper 5- 4- 4 

To D° from Robert Archabold -19- 1 

To D° from Moses Austin 14-8 



605- 5- 2 
To D° from Joseph Hamilton 1-1 9-1 iy 2 

To D° from Joseph Marrow 7-18 

To 7000 of shingles rec d from J Marrow 3-10 

To ballance recd from Benj n Abbott 12- 3 

To D° from Samuel Jones 18- 8 



L'SS 



DOCUMENTARY II ITSOKY 



To D° from Lemuel Courson 
To D° from John Goodwin 
To D° from Ichabod Corvell 



To D° from Thomas Abbot 

To D° from Disco Nocke 

To L)° from William Gubtail 

To D° from Richard Door 

To D° from Joshua Hodsdon 

To D° from Joshua Abbot 

To D° from Joshua Tebbets 

To ballance reed from Jam B Bracket 



To D° from 
To D° from 
To D° from 
To D° from 
To D° from 
To D° from 
To D° from 
To D n from 



Jacob Lord 
Sam" Ghibtai] 
Abie! Hamilton 
Robert Tate 
Tobias Lord 
Israel Hodsdon 
Moses Hodsdon 
Joseph Hardison 



To ballance of Isaac Brackets Note 
To reed of Thomas Heard 
To D° from Benf Heard 



To Cash rec d on Isaac Hansons Mortgage 
Ballance due the Administrators 



2 






1- 


13- 


3 




10- 


5 


18.. 


12. 


•61/2 


7- 


14- 


1 




15- 


6 




3- 


3 




4- 


1 


1- 


- 8- 


5 


2- 


- 5- 


1 




2- 


7 




6- 




12- 


-19 




£ - 


- 4- 


5 


2- 


- 4- 


3 


3- 


-15- 




9- 


-15- 


4 


37- 


- 5- 


5 




10- 


7 




9- 


2 




9- 


7 


54- 


-13- 


9 




.. G- 


8 


3- 


- 9- 


• 2 


9- 


-19- 


9 


13- 


-15- 


■ 7 


705- 


- 6- 


■ y 2 


989- 


- 9- 


10 


£1694-15- 


■10% 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 289 

The said Administrators pray an allowance for 
the following Articles Viz — To 2 men 11 days 
searching for the body of the intestate & find- 
ing them @ 6/ pr day 6-12 
To boat hire 11 days for D° 2/5 p r day 1- 6- 7 
To a Coffin 12/ digging a grave 1- 4 
To pd for ringing Bells, fixing graves stones &c 16 
To Gravestones & transporting them 2- 8 
To Sundry articles of mourning bought by M r \ 
Wood of M r Jn° Penhallow p r rec 1 (N° 1) ] 2- 8-10 
To p d M r Dan 1 Wood for lines hooks &c (N° 2) 1-14- 3 
To 12 y ds Bomazine for gown @ 3/ p r y d 1-16 



18- 7- 6 



To p d M r Dav d Moore for Articles of mourning 

(N° 3) 5-4-6 

To p d Tho s Noble for making 2 suits of mourn- ) 

ing & finding him ) 1- 4 

To paid for grapling hooks &c 3-12 

To paid M r David Moor for 4 y ds of stuff for ] 

gown for Nancy Lord for mourning @ 4/9 } 19 

P r (N° 4) J 

To paid Jon a Ricker 

To paid Sam 1 Stillings 

To paid David Nichols 

To paid Daniel Wood 



To p d Journey to York to take out letters of ] 
Administration, horse hire, & expences 48/ & } 3 
paid Judge & Register 12/ 

To day attend 5 on appraisers & finding them 1- 4 

To Jn° Costelloes Acct for repairs 16- 8- 

20 



2-13- 


2 


9- 


2 


13- 


9 


1-16- 


6 


16-12- 


1 



290 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

To paid Joseph Prime 2- 6- 8 

To p d Joseph Marden's ballance 5 

To paid Doc r Carrs D° 17-10 

To paid Jn° Gorvells ballance 14-7 

To paid John Tucker's ditto 2-17- 7 



To paid Tristram Heards D° 

To paid Benf Stanton's D° 

To p d Paul Ford's ballance 

(N° 8) To paid Sam 1 Furbish's D° 

(N° 9) To paid John Tucker's D° 

(N° 10) To paid Paul Lords D° 

(N° 11) To p d M r Jacob Sheaf er Ace 1 



27- 9- 


4 




8 




sy 2 


7- 


8 


11- 


5 


2- 6- 


3 


6-18- 


4 


15-10- 


7i/o 



25- 5- 8 



To paid Cap 1 George Boyd's Note 77 

To one third of the personal Estate 181- 6- 

To schooling, boarding, cloathing & maintain- \ 

ing Samuel Lord son of the Intestate 2 years \ 64- 8 

To boarding, cloathing & supporting Nancy 

Lord daughter of the intestate from 17 th May 

1773 to the 17th of May 1780 @ 12/ pr week 218- 8 



541- 2- 8 



To boarding, cloathing & supporting Charlotte] 
Lord daughter of intestate from 17 th of May | 
1773 to the 17 th of April 1782 being 464}- 278- 
weeks @ 12/ p r Week J 

To boarding, clothing, & supporting George 
Lord son of the intestate from the 17 th of May 
1773 to the 17 th day of May 1780 being 364 
weeks @ 12/ pr week 218- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 291 

To boarding, Cloathing & supporting Lydia ] 

Lord Daughter of the intestate from the 17 th | 

of May 1773 to the 17 th of April 1782—464 j- 278- 8 

weeks @ 12/ p r Week J 

To boarding, cloathing & supporting Isaac Lord 

son of the intestate from the 17 th of May 1773 to 

the 17 th of April 1782—464 weeks @ 12/p r week 278- 8 



To paid M r Joshua Pray 

To paid Paul Welch 

To paid Xathan Lord Jun r 

To paid Eben r Hanson 

To paid James Gubtail 

To paid Thomas Abbot 3 d 

To paid Joshua Hubbard 

To our time & expences several times attend- \ 

ing Probate Court to exhibit this Ace 1 &c $2-8 

To probate fees on this account 9- 8 



1053- 


-12 






17- 


9y 2 


2- 


- 4- 


8 


1- 


-18- 


6 




15- 


6 


1- 


-18- 


6 


1- 


- 5 
9 





12.. 6.. 7y 2 

£1694..15..10y 2 
John Sullivan 
John Costelloe 
Lydia Costelloe 



York Ss } At a Court of Probate held at York 31 st of August 
1786 The foregoing account having been for some time un- 
der my consideration, & being now sworn to by the said John 
Sullivan & being examined I do disallow of the charge made 
therein of one third part of the personal estate amounting to 
— £181-6-8 becaus I do not find any law that impowers 



292 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Administrators as such to appropriate the personal estate, or 
any particular part or proportion of it to their own use nor 
do I find that the Widow of an intestate is intitled to one 
third part of the personal estate until after the payment of 
debts &c I also disallow of the several articles charged for 
boarding, cloathing & supporting Samuel Lord & other chil- 
dren amounting to £1330 .. 8 because it seems to me that on the 
death of an intestate his estate immediately vests in his widow 
& children, in the proportion the law prescribes subject to the 
claims & creditors & the necessary expences arising in trans- 
acting the settlement of the estate: that if I allow these 
articles for the supporting & maintaining the Children out 
of the estate at large it will be in effect making a different 
distribution of the estate, than the law directs, for it appears 
to me, that each Child, if it needs support & maintenance ought 
to have it from its own particular share or part of the estate 
-I also disallow of the charge of £77- as paid George Boyd, 
there appearing no voucher for the same — The other charges 
in the Deb 1 side of said account, amounting to £100-1-21X> 
being duly vouched are allowed: which makes a ballance of 
six hundred & four pounds four shillings & ten pence in the 
hands of the Administrators, for which they are accountable — 

Joseph Simpson Judge 

The said John Sullivan claimed an Appeal from this de- 
cree, unto the next Supreme Court of probate to be held for 
this County, which was granted & at the same time filed his 
reasons of appeal in the probate office, & gave bonds in the 
sum of twenty pounds with two sureties viz Paul Dudley 
Woodbridge & William Frost to prosecute the said appeal 

with effect — 

Attest Daniel Sewall Regis'" 

Reasons of Appeal from the decree of the Judge of probate 
upon the Administration account of the estate of Samuel 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 293 

Lord the third, late of Berwick in the County of York de- 
ceased intestate, Viz, 

First — That the Judge has disallowed the several charges 
for support & maintenance of the children while Minors, 
which ought to have been allowed 

2 dly That the Judge has disallowed the charge to the Widow 
which she makes, of one third of the personal in her favour, 
when he has allowed the charge against her for the whole of 
the personal estate — 

3 dly Because the Judge has disallowed many charges in the 
account which ought to have been allowed & has curtailed 
many others, which ought to have been allowed in full — 

John Sullivan 

in behalf of himself & Lydia Costelloe — Administrators 
York, 31 st August 1786 — 

York Ss August 31 st 1786 Then received the following 
reasons of Appeal & filed the same in the Probate Office — 

Attest Daniel Sewall Reg r 

Copied from the original, by Daniel Sewall Register 
Know all Men by these presents, that we John Sullivan of 
Durham in the County of Stafford & State of New Hamp- 
shire Esq r principle, & Paul Dudley Woodbridge Gentleman, 
and William Frost Esq 1 " both of York in the County of York, 
as sureties, both within the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 
— are holden & stand firmly bound & obliged unto Joseph 
Simpson Esq 1- Judge of probate of Wills, & granting Admin- 
istration within the County of York in the full sum of twenty 
pounds, in lawful money of said Commonwealth, to be paid 
unto the said Joseph Simpson, his Successor in the said Office 
or Offices — To the true payment whereof we do bind our- 
self & each of us, our & each of our heirs Executors & adminis- 
trators, jointly and severally, for the whole & in the whole, 



294 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

firmly by these presents — Sealed with our seals — Dated the 
thirty first day of August Anno Domini — One thousand 
seven hundred & eighty six 

The Condition of this present obligation is such that where- 
as the above bounded John Sullivan Esq r hath claimed an 
Appeal from a decree this day passed by the Judge of Probate 
or an Administration Account, exhibited by the said John 
Sullivan & others against the estate of Samuel Lord the third 
late of Berwick in said County Merchant deceased intestate 
in which decree a great part of the said Administration ac- 
count is disallowed — Now if the said John Sullivan, shall & 
do prosecute the said Appeal with effect at the next Supreme 
Court of Probate to be held at York, within & for the County 
of York aforesaid — and shall also pay all intervening Costs 
& damages to the heirs of the said Samuel Lord deceased, in 
case the said Decree shall not be altered or reversed, without 
fraud or delay, then this Bond to be void & of none effect; 
otherwise to remain in full force & virtue — 

Jno Sullivan [Seal] 

Paul D Woodbridge [Seal] 

W m Frost [Seal] 

Signed sealed & delivered in presence of 

Oliver Teal, Norton Woodbridge 

York Ss Rec d 31 st of August 1786 and filed in the Pro- 
bate Office 

Attest Daniel Sewall Register 



& j 



Copied from the original by Daniel Sewall Register, 
True Copy Attest Sam 1 Cooper to the Senate 

York Ss May 2 d 1787 Then Jer e Folsom personally ap- 
peared and made solemn oath that he Left a paper whereof 
These three sheets contain an Exact Copy attested by Sam 1 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 295 

Cooper Clerk to the senate with Joseph parsons of Parsons 
field who married a Daughter of Sam 1 Lord the 3 d Deceased 
and another which appeared to be a Copy of That Copy with 
David Hobbs who married another Daughter of the said 
Samuel Lord & Lives in said Parsons field that he the De- 
ponent examined said Copies & found them to correspond with 
this & that he Left a true Copy at Each of the Dwelling 
Houses of the aforesaid Parsons & Hobb on the 2d Day of 
May 1787 

sworn before me 

Jon a Kinsman Jus 1 pac 8 



Durham in New Hampshire May 31 st 1787 
Sir 

I have The honor to Inclose you for the perusal of the 
honorable General Court a Copy of my memorial with the 
order of Court and any affidavit Thereon of the service on two 
of the heirs of Samuel Lord deceased. There is one other 
Daughter married to an osborne who lives somewhere in the 
County of Cumberland I did not suppose it necessary to serve 
them all ; of Course he was not served ; but I presume that he 
was instantly notified by the others — a son of the Deceased 
by the name of George. The Administrators have paid off 
and Taken a release in full we could not therefore suppose it 
necessary to notify him; a Younger son called Isaac is now 
under our care at a Salem school in the Country at a Distance 
where he has resided for some time he is a minor & I could 
see no use in serving him with a Copy nor could I suppose it 
necessary by the order of Court to Leave more than one Copy. 
I hope the service made will therefore be agreable to the senti- 
ments of the Hon ble House. I now find myself under the painful 
necessity of asking the favor from the Courts to put over the 
hearing untill their next session It unfortunately happens 



29G DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

That The day appointed for the hearing is on the Day of our 
Election in this state and I need not inform you That it is not 
possible for me to attend the hearing at that time or at any 
time during our June Sessions and without my heing present 
it will be impossible That the honorable Court Can have the 
matter fully explained to them & the Difficulties attending 
The Administration clearly pointed out I therefore beg That 
the hearing may be postponed to the next session at which 
time I will appear in person & I flatter myself be able to con- 
vince The honorable Court that it is not possible to have the 
Estate of M r Lord settled with Justice to the Administrators, 
& heirs in the common Course of Law. Your honors can 
easily discover the necessity of this request & to Gentlemen 
who have the weight of public business upon them Arguments 
would be unnecessary to convince them of the Importance of 
attending to public business at this Critical moment. The 
heirs cannot be injured by granting This request as I will 
venture to affirm that in Justice There is not a farthing com- 
ing to either of them out of the personal Estate of the De- 
ceased & the Real Estate remains untouched, on the Contrary 
a very Large sum is Due each of them to the Administrators 
for Boarding Schooling Cloathing and if they wished for 
nothing more than Justice They could have no objections to 
Commissioners being appointed who could & would take time 
to Examine the whole affair to the Bottom & do strict Justice 
to all parties which if they prefer to having the matter post- 
poned I now agree that the general Court shall appoint any 
Characters Whom they may think proper I have no objec- 
tions to any Gentlemen in the County Whom the Court may 
think proper to name only begging Leave to exclude the Hon We 
Judge Sewall & Daniel Sewall Esq r for reasons that are not 
necessary to mention : There are Enough beside them in the 
County, and in Case the heirs wish to have Justice done to 
the administrators as well as to themselves They cannot object 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 297 

to this proposal and if they incline to use their utmost Efforts 
to gain unfair advantages over the adm™ which from Experi- 
ence I am strongly inclined to believe I must rely on the 
Justice of the IIon ble Court, to give me an opportunity of ap- 
pearing & seeing for myself which they must all be sensible 
is out of my power at this time — I have employed no Coun- 
sel to appear for me before the honorable Court I rely on the 
Justice of the Case the fairness of my proposals & the wisdom 
*.V ( Jandor of the members not having the Least Apprehension 
That I shall want advocates in an assembly famed for their 
Love of Justice and watchfulness to prevent disadvantages 
from being taken of those whose Duty as servants of the 
public compel them to be absent. 

With the most perfect consideration I have the honor to be 
sir your most obedient & very humble serv* 

Jn° Sullivan 

The Hon bIe The Speaker of the House of Representatives 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts — 
In the House of Representatives June 6, 1787 

Read & sent up 

I Warren Spk r 

In Senate June 7 th 1787 — 

Read, and with the papers accompanying, committed to 
Eben r Bridge and Joseph B. Varnum Esqr s with such as the 
Hon ble House may join — to consider & report what may be 
proper to be done thereon — 

Sent down for concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 

In the House of Representatives June 11, 1786 

Read & concurred & M r Beckford, M r Fowler & M r Coney 

are joined 

I Warren Spk r 



298 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

To the lion the Senate and house of Representatives of 
the Commonwealth of .Massachusetts in general Court 
assembled 
Joseph Parsons and Lvdia his wife, David Hobbs & Char- 
lotto his wife & James Osborn and Nancy his wife which 
said Lydia Charlotte & Nancy are three of the Children and 
heirs of Samuel Lord late of Berwick in the County of York 
t rader deceased in answer to the Petition of the honorable 
John Sullivan Esq one of the administrators of the Estate of 
the said Samuel deceased intestate praying for the appointment 
of Commissioners for certain purposes mentioned in said peti- 
tion humbly beg leave to observe, that they do not conceive it 
to be at all necessary for the first of those purposes in examin- 
ing the whole affair of the administration upon said Estate, 
that such Commissioners should be appointed; because that 
whole affair is depending by appeal before the supreme 
Judicial Court as the Supreme Court approbate to be holden 
at York on the fourth tuesday of June next and as they are 
the legal Judges of it so it is apprehended they are as well 
qualified & as Competent to the business as any Commission- 
ers that might be appointed — Nor does it appear to your re- 
spondents at all necessary for the second purpose mentioned 
in making reasonable allowance to the administrators for any 
loss by depreciation of paper money by them rec'd in pay- 
ment of debts due to the estate, because the said supreme 
Court of probate have as your respondents conceive as full 
power to make such allowances if just & equitable as is neces- 
sary or as any Commissioners ought to have — But upon this 
head they beg leave to observe that the whole sums of debts 
credited by the administrators is but about one hundred 
pounds — that no loss is specified upon any of those debts, 
nor was any allowance requested therefor before the Judge 
in the Administration account exhibited &; that they have no 
reason to believe that any of said debts were rec'd in paper 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 299 

money. — They would further observe that if any were so re- 
ceived, the administrators might have kept the money and the 
heirs would have been obliged to receive it by law ; If any of 
them thought proper to speculate with it, they ought to bear 
the loss if there was any. There appears to your respondents 
less reason still for the appointment of Commissioners for the 
third purpose mentioned in the making reasonable allowance 
to the administrators for sums said to be expended for the 
education and maintenance of the heirs. 

The petitioner seems to be sensible & from his acquaintance 
with the law must know that y e Education & maintenance of 
y" Children of the intestate is no part of the business or duty 
of Administrators — and indeed the allowance of sums so ex- 
pended out of the estate would work the greatest injustice, 
by depriving Creditors of their just debts, and by distributing 
the Estate, in effect, among the heirs in very different & un- 
equal portions & otherwise than the law would distribute it. 
As there are good reasons why the Supreme Court of probate 
should not allow such charges, so they are equally good against 
Commissioners allowing them, and of Consequence against 
the appointment of such Commissioners. Your Respondents 
beg leave to note the fallacy of the petitioners plea under this 
head for such appointment in that those sums were expended 
by John Costeloe who married the other administrator, in the 
absence of the Petitioner in the service of his Country, the 
said Costeloe not knowing the necessity of taking out letters 
of guardianship, & not being able to receive the advice & direc- 
tion of the Petitioner upon the subject ; whereas it appears 
from the administration account exhibited to the Judge by 
the petitioner himself, that those Charges for y e Education & 
support of the heirs begun at the time of the intestates de- 
cease the year before General Sullivan went to Congress in 
1774 — and were continued several years after his return 
from the army in 1779 — untill the year 1782. 



300 DOCUMENTAKY HISTORY 

Your respondents would further observe that those Charges 
cannot be considered in any other view than as separate de- 
mands of the said Costeloe in his private Capacity against 
the heirs respectively for necessary Education food & Cloth- 
ing while Minors, & that his legal remedy for recovery of 
them is by commencing actions against each of them at Com- 
mon law — and that they have each of them a right to dispute 
those demands in law, and a right to a trial by Jury agreeable 
to the 15 th Article of the bill of rights which expressly de- 
clares that in all controversies concerning property and in all 
suits between two or more persons, except in cases in which it 
has heretofore been otherwise practised the parties have a 
right to a trial by Jury & this method of proceedure shall be 
held passed ; But should your honours appoint Commissioners 
to try and determine these demands & make allowance for 
them to the Administrators, it would deprive your respond- 
ents of the Right of trial by Jury in Cases in which such trial 
has heretofore been immemorially used & in which it has 
never been otherwise practised, & would besides be creating 
a Contract between the Petitioner & your respondents, and 
making him a Creditor for Sums never advanced by him & 
which they never either expressly or by implication of law 
promised to pay Your Respondents would further object to 
the appointment of Commissioners, because it will tend to 
create further delay, above six years have elapsed since the 
return of General Sullivan from the army, the impediments 
mentioned in his petition have been long since removed, and 
the estate is not yet settled — They hoped for a final Judg- 
ment at the next Supreme Court of Probate, but if the Cause 
is withdrawn from their Jurisdiction to that of Commission- 
ers it will he impossible to say when there will be an end of it. 

They would further observe that there is nothing peculiar 
in the present case to take it out of the Common Course of law 
— and the appointment of a Court of Commissioners to try 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 301 

it would establish a precedent, and lay the foundation for in- 
numerable applications of the like kind & great part of the 
business of probate Courts would be drawn before novel Juris- 
dictions ev Courts of Commissioners. 

They admit they did decline a submission of the dispute 
to arbitrators which was never proposed till the year 1785 
because they conceived that considering th<>ir own ignorance 
& inexperience compared with the legal knowledge abilities & 
influence of General Sullivan & the difficulty & expence of 
procuring Council before arbitrators, they would labour un- 
der great disadvantages, and because they conceived that the 
Controversy might as speedily & as equitably be determined 
by the Supreme Court of probate as by any Arbitrators 
whatever. 

They would further observe that they should have no ob- 
jection to allow and pay out of their respective shares of their 
Fathers Estate any just demands for Education & mainten- 
ance, but they obliged to deny that large or indeed any con- 
siderable sums were expended for that purpose by the said 
Costeloe, and on the contrary to declare that their education 
was shamefully neglected by him that they were cruelly 
treated, & some of them turned out of doors & yet the enor- 
mous sum of £1336 .. 8 is charged for their education and 
maintenance a sum large enough to sweep away all their 
paternal Inheritance real & personal, When your respondents 
suppose that the interest of the personal Estate great part of 
which being debts received on notes of hand, is not credited 
nor accountable for, and the income of the real Estate with 
their own labour properly directed would have been sufficient 
to defray the expence of all the poor education & mainten- 
ance they ever received. 

Wherefore and for other reasons too many to trouble your 
honours with in this answer. Your Eespondents humbly 
pray that the Petition aforesaid may be dismissed, and that 



302 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the decision of the Disputes aforesaid may be left in the 
1 1 ;ii ids of the Supreme Court of probate & of the Courts of 
( niiimon Law, respectively to which the Constitution & laws 
of the land have wisely committed them. 

And your Respondents as in duty bound shall ever pray & c 

David Hobbs } 
For himself and in behalf of the other Respondents. 



Petition of a Committee of the Town of Lebanon in County 

of York. 

To the Honourable Senate and House of Representatives of 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General Court 
assembled February 21 st 1787. 
The Petition of Thomas Wentworth Samuel Copp and 
Peter Keay a Committee of the Town of Lebanon in the 
County of York for such Special Purpose appointed together 
with the non resident Proprietors and owners of Grants and 
Lotts of Lands in Said Town Humbly Sheweth That Where- 
as the Proprietors of the Common and undivided Lands in 
the Plantation of Lebanon in the County of York in the Year 
one Thousand Seven Hundred and Sixty five being Some- 
time before the Same was incorporated into a Town contracted 
with M r Isaac Hasey in Consideration of his settling in the 
Work of the Ministry in said Place to pay him annualy 
eighty six Pounds Thirteen Shillings and four Pence Law- 
full Money for the first eight Years of his Ministry in said 
Township and the Sum of Seventy Three Pounds Thirteen 
Shillings and four Pence like Money after the Term during 
his Ministry in said Township — Which Contract on the 
Part of said Hasey has hitherto been fully complied with and 
the said Hasey yet remains the settled & ordained Minister 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 303 

of the Congregational Church and Assembly in said Town — 
That said Proprietors have paid and satisfied the annual 
Sums agreed upon with said Hasey until! the Twenty Six 
Day of June Anno Domini one Thousand Seven Hundred 
and eighty two Since which Time the annual Salary due to 
Said Hasey for his Ministerial Labours in said Town is in 
Arear and unpaid. 

And near or quite all the Lands being divided and held in 
severalty The Proprietors find themselves unable (agreeable 
to the Laws of The Government as they now stand) to comply 
with their said Agreement by Assessments thereon — And 
whereas the Inhabitants of the Town of Lebanon and the non- 
resident Proprietors and owners of Grants and Lotts of Land 
within the Grounds and jurisdiction of the Town of Lebanon 
have mutually agreed to have a Tax laid and Assessed upon 
all the Lands within the Bounds and jurisdiction of said 
Town only, and upon every Acre thereof equally improved 
or not improved (excepting such Lands as are by Law ex- 
empted from Taxation for the Support of Government) ex- 
clusive of Polls and Personal Estate) for the Purpose of 
raising a Sum Sufficient to pay said Hasey his Salary that is 
now due him for Past Services — And Also to Assess Such 
Sum Annually, upon the Lands only and upon evry Acre 
thereof equally as w T ill Pay said Hasey the aforementioned 
Sum of Seventy three Pounds Thirteen Shillings and four 
Pence during his Ministry in said Town or So long as the 
Town shall Choose such a Mode of Taxing for said Purpose 
which seems to be the Meaning and Intent of the original 
Contract and Agreement 

Wherefore we pray your Honours that an Act of the Gen- 
eral Court may pass to authorize Said Town of Lebanon to 
Assess upon the Lands and upon every Acre thereof equally 
within the Bounds and Jurisdiction of said Town (exclusive 
of Polls and Personal Estate) improved or not improved 



304 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

(excepting Such Lands as are by Law exempted from Taxa- 
tion for the support of Government) a Sum Sufficient to pay 
M ' Hasey the sum due to him from the Twenty sixth of June 
one Thousand Seven Hundred and eighty two to the Twenty 
Sixth of December one thousand Seven hundred and eighty Six 
And from that Time his Salary Annually so long as the Town 
shall agree upon that Mode of Taxing for said Haseys Suport 
agreeable to the original Contract also Sums to pay for As- 
sessing and Collecting the Same 

And that the Said Contract and Agreement of Said Said 
Proprietors of Lebanon aforesaid made with Said Hasey so 
far as relates to the Payment of his Salary before recited al- 
ready due and Such as may hereafter become due during the 
Time M r Hasey Shall continue in the Ministry in said Town 
be transferred from Said Proprietors to the Inhabitants of the 
Said Town of Lebanon in as full a Manner as if the said In- 
habitants had in their corporate Capacity originally made and 
entred into said Agreement with Said Hasey — under Such 
Regulations as your Honors may think Necessary to secure 
the Annual Payment of M r Haseys Salary upon the Plan and 
Method Proposed in the foregoing Petition and as in Duty 
bound your Petitioners Shall ever Pray 
Lebanon October 30 th 1786 

Tho s M Wentworth, Samuel Copp, Peter Keay \ 
Committee in behalf of the Town of Lebanon 

We the Subscribers non resident Proprietors and owners of 
Grants and Lotts of Lands within the bounds and Jurisdiction 
of the Town of Lebanon aforesaid do agree to the foregoing 
Petition and join with said Town of Lebanon in the Prayer 
thereof that an Act may be passed for carrying the Same into 
Execution as above pray'd for 

Domincus Goodwin, James Goodwin, 

Ichabod Goodwin, Moses Carr, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 305 

Moses Kicker, Thomas Wallingford, 

Jonathan Hamilton, T. Rollins, 

Rich d F Cutts, John Haggins. 

I the subscriber consent that the Contract which the Pro- 
prietors of the Town of Lebanon in the County of York made 
with me for my Support in the Work of the Ministry in said 
Town so far as it relates to the Payment of my Salary may 
be transferred to the Inhabitants of said Town of Lebanon 
provided that the said Inhabitants in their corporate Capacity 
be subjected to fullfil said Contract and pay s d Salary. 

Isaac Hasey 

This Certifies that I the subscriber have served as Clerk of 
the Proprietors of Lebanon from the year 1754 to the time of 
their compleating the division of all their Lands in s d Town- 
ship into Lotts which was in the year 1783 which is now held 
in severalty and that the Person signing on the other side as 
non resident proprietors are persons who usually transacted 
business at their Meeting before a final decision took place 
and I suppose now all the principle owners of the Lotts in s d 
town but what are owned by the Inhabitants and I do agree 
that the prayer of the within petition may be granted so far 
as I am interested in any of the Lotts or Grants of Land 
within s d Town of Lebanon under such regulations as the 
General Court think proper 

Benj Chadbourn 



Act for rendering processes in Law less expensive. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the Year of Our Lord one thousand seven hundred & 
eighty seven. — 
An Act in addition to an Act intitled "An Act for render- 
ing processes in Law less expensive" No provision is made 

21 



306 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

for the plan* when there are more than one Def 1 & living in 
different Counties in this Commonwealth 

Be it enacted by the Senate & House of Representatives in 
General Court assembled, and by the Authority of the same, 
in all causes against two or more persons inhabiting in sev- 
eral counties, or where the def 1 or def ts have any goods or 
estate in any comity or place other than that wherein the 
Def or Def ts may reside, the writ of Attachment may run 
into the county where either of the def ts live or have any real 
or other estate, & in such cases shall be executed by the sheriff 
or other officer to whom the same may be directed. — 

Be it further enacted by the Authority aforesaid that the 
plaintiff or plaintiffs in any action of trespass Quare clausnm 
fugit — Action of covenant upon a deed for transfering real 
estate Action of debt on Judgment or of debt or covenant on 
Bonds or other specialties when the penalty may by Law be 
chancer'd — Actions against any town or other Corporation, 
or against any sheriff or any neglect in his office, — Actions 
of Replevin, and Actions on the Absconding Act, may origi- 
nate in the Court of Common pleas, provided the demand does 
exceed the sum of four pounds, any Law, Usage or Custom 
to the contrary notwithstanding. — 

Be it enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That if either 
party think themselves aggrieved at the Judgment of any 
Court of Common pleas they may appeal from said Judgment 
to the supreme Judicial Court in the same manner as if the 
Action had been originally commenced there. — 

Be it enacted by the Authority aforesaid that if the plain- 
tiff fails to appear & prosecute his suit, the Justice shall 
award to the def 1 his costs taxed as the Law directs 

Be it enacted by the Authority aforesaid that when it hap- 
pens that the def 1 is not an inhabitant or sojourner within this 
Commonwealth, or is absent out of the same at the time of 
commencing such suit, & shall not return before the time for 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 307 

tryal the Justice before whom such suit shall be brought shall 
continue the action for the term of three months and if the 
defendant does not appear by himself or Attorney, & is so re- 
mote that the notice of such suit depending could not prob- 
ably lie conveyed to him, during the Vacancy the said Justice 
at such next court may further continue the action for the 
further term of two months, & no longer, & in such case where 
judgment is entered up by default, after two continuances, 
as aforesaid, Execution or writ of seizen shall be stayed, & 
not issue untill the plaintiff or demandant shall have given 
bond with one or more sufficient securities, in double the 
value of the estate, or sum recovered by such judgment to 
make restitution & to refund & pay back such sum as shall be 
given in debt or damage, or such as shall be recovered upon 
a suit therefor to be brought within twelve months next after 
entering up the first judgment, if upon such first suit the 
judgment shall be recovered, annulled or altered, the security 
aforesaid to be no further answerable than for the recovery 
which shall be made upon such suit to be had within twelve 
months as aforesaid. — Provided also That no real estate 
taken in Ex on granted upon such first judgment, shall be 
alimated or put away, untill after the Expiration of the said 
twelve months, to the intent that restitution thereof may be 
made in case as aforesaid. — 

Be it further enacted by the Authority aforesaid That 
when an Ex on issued by any justice of the peace shall be ex- 
tended on any Land or other real estate, the same proceed- 
ings shall be had thereon in every respect as are provided in 
and by an Act entitled an Act "directing the issuing, extend- 
ing and serving of executions — 

Be it further enacted by the Authority aforesaid that noth- 
ing in this Act, or the Act to which this is an addition shall 
be construed so as to prevent the Citizens of this Common- 
wealth from any remedy they had against the Citizens or 



308 DOCUMENTARY IIISTOEY 

subjects of any other state or kingdom before the passing 
thereof — 



Extract from Document entitled "Choice of Town-Officers, 
&c." 

Town-Clerk to record such as are sworn into office 

And if the person summoned shall make default, or ap- 
pearing, shall not shew sufficient cause to the Court for his 
refusal, the Court shall order a warrant under the seal there- 
of, directed to any of the constables of the same town then in 
office, to levy the line by distress and sale of the offenders 
goods and chattels, returning the overplus, (if any be) to- 
gether with the costs arising on such prosecution; and for 
want of goods and chattels, to commit the delinquent to prison 
until the same shall be paid. And the Town-Clerk, shall 
make a record of such persons as shall from time to time, be 
sworn into office before him, or of such as shall file certifi- 
cates of their being sworn as aforesaid. 

In case of vacancy in any office, towns may proceed to a 
new choice. 

And be it further enacted, That when by reason of non- 
acceptance, death or removal of any person chosen to office 
in any town, at the annual meeting for the choice of town 
officers, or at any other time, or by reason of a person's be- 
coming noncompos, there is a vacancy, or want of such officers, 
the town, being orderly assembled in the manner this act 
directs, may proceed to a new choice of officers to supply and 
fill up such vacancy ; and the person or persons thus chosen 
and sworn before the town-clerk, or a Justice of the Peace, 
(in case an oath of office is by law required) shall have the 
same power and authority to discharge the duties of the office, 
as though chosen at the annual meeting for the choice of 
town-officers. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 309 

Manner of calling town-meetings. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That 
when there shall be occasion of a town meeting, the constable 
or constables, or such other person as shall be appointed for 
the purpose, by warrant from the selectmen, or the major 
part of them, shall summon and notify the inhabitants of such 
town to assemble at such time and place, in the same town, 
as the selectmen shall order, the manner of summoning the 
inhabitants to be such as the town shall agree upon ; and when 
ten or more of the freeholders of a town shall signify in writ- 
ing their desire to have any matter or thing inserted in a 
warrant for calling a meeting the selectmen are hereby re- 
quired to insert the same in the next warrant they shall issue 
for a meeting, or call a meeting for the express purpose of 
considering thereof; and no matter or thing shall be acted 
upon in such a manner as to have any legal operation what- 
ever, unless the subject matter thereof be inserted in the war- 
rant for calling the meeting ; and in case the selectmen shall 
unreasonably deny to call a meeting upon any public occasion, 
any ten or more of the freeholders of such town may apply to 
a Justice of the Peace within and for the same county, who 
is hereby authorized and empowered to issue his warrant un- 
der his hand and seal, directed to the constable or constables 
of the town, if any such there be otherwise to any of the free- 
holders applying therefor, directing him or them to notify 
and warn the inhabitants qualified to vote in town affairs, to 
assemble at such time and place in the same town as the said 
Justice shall in said warrant direct, and for the purpose in 
the same warrant expressed. And when by reason of death, 
removal or resignation of selectmen, a major part of the num- 
ber originally chosen shall not remain in office within any 
town, in every such case, a major part of the survivors, or 
of such as remain in office, shall have the same power to call 



310 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

a town meeting as a major part of the whole number first 
chosen. 

Town-Meetings regulated. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That 
at every town -meeting, a moderator shall be first chosen by a 
majority of votes, who shall be thereby empowered to manage 
and regulate the business of the meeting; and when a vote, 
declared by the Moderator, shall immediately after such 
declaration, be scrupled or questioned by seven or more of 
the voters present, the moderator shall make the vote certain, 
by polling the voters, or such other way, as the meeting shall 
desire. And no person shall speak in the meeting before 
leave first had and obtained from the moderator nor when any 
other person is orderly speaking; and all persons shall be 
silent at the desire of the moderator, on pain of forfeiting 
five shillings for the breach of every such order, to the use of 
the town : and if any person shall, after notice from the mod- 
erator, persist in his disorderly behaviour, then it shall be 
lawful for the moderator to direct such disorderly person to 
withdraw from the meeting; and such disorderly person, 
upon his refusal or neglect to withdraw, shall forfeit and pay 
a fine of twenty shillings, to the use of the same town ; and 
may also, by direction of the moderator, be carried out of the 
meeting by some constable of said town, and put into the 
stocks, cage, or some other place of confinement, and there be 
detained for the space of three hours, unless the town-meeting 
shall sooner adjourn or dissolve. And all suits and informa- 
tion for fines incurred by a breach of this act, not exceeding 
forty shillings, may be heard and determined before any Jus- 
tice of the Peace in the same county, not an inhabitant of the 
same town, unto whom the penalty or any part thereof is 
given, who, upon conviction, may enforce the payment there- 
of by a similar process, as is herein prescribed in the Court 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 311 

of General Sessions of the Peace for persons who refuse to 
serve in the office of constable. 

Proviso. 

Provided always, That town-meetings for the choice of 
governour, lieutenant-governour, and senators, shall be regu- 
lated as the constitution directs, and for the choice of repre- 
sentatives as is otherwise by law prescribed ; any thing in this 
act contained to the contrary notwithstanding. And the mod- 
erator of any town-meeting, chosen as aforesaid, is hereby 
authorized, in case no Justice of the Peace be present, to ad- 
minister to the clerk, in open town-meeting, the oath by law 
prescribed to the same office. 

Towns empowered to grant & assess money for necessary 
charges 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That 
the free-holders, and other inhabitants of each respective 
town, qualified as aforesaid, at the annual meeting, for the 
choice of town-officers, or at any other town-meeting regular- 
ly warned, may grant and vote such sum or sums of money, 
as they shall judge necessary for the settlement, maintenance 
and support of the ministry, schools, the poor, and other 
necessary charges, arising within the same town ; to be as- 
sessed upon the polls and property within the same, as by 
law provided ; and they are also hereby empowered to make 
and agree upon such necessary rules, orders and by-laws, for 
the directing, managing and ordering the prudential affairs 
of such town, as they shall judge most conducive to the peace, 
welfare and good order thereof; and to annex penalties for 
the observance of the same, not exceeding thirty shillings for 
one offence ; to enure to such uses as they shall therein direct ; 
provided they be not repugnant to the general laws of the 
government ; and provided also, such orders and by-laws shall 
have the approbation of the Court of General Sessions of the 
Peace of the same county: And may also allow and approve 



312 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

of any town or private way laid out by the selectmen of the 
sainr town, or alter or discontinue any town or private way, 
heretofore laid out and improved as such, when it shall ap- 
pear that the same is unnecessary for the inhabitants of such 
town. Saving always, to any person aggrieved, or who thinks 
himself injured, liberty of applying for remedy to the Court 
of General Sessions of the peace in the same county, who are 
hereby empowered and directed, to enquire into and deter- 
mine the matter by a jury, thereunto appointed, as well with 
respect to the necessity and convenience, by such discontinu- 
ance, laving out, or alteration, as to the damage that may hap- 
pen or accrue, to any particular person or persons thereby; 
and thereupon to assess damages for the party injured, to be 
paid by such town ; unless it appears, that the person on whose 
behalf application has been made, had no just cause of com- 
plaint ; in which case the complainant shall pay all such costs 
and charges as may arise by such application to the Court of 
Sessions. And the verdict of a jury being received and re- 
corded, shall be final and conclusive. Provided, such appli- 
cation be made to the Court of General Sessions of the Peace, 
within twelve months after such way is approved, altered, or 
discontinued, as aforesaid, and not otherwise. 

Inhabitants of every town, declared a body politic. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That 
the inhabitants of every town within this government, are 
hereby declared to be a body politic and corporate; and as 
such, may commence and prosecute any suit or action in any 
Court proper to try the same; and may also defend any suit 
or action commenced against them, and for this purpose, the 
said inhabitants, qualified and convened in manner aforesaid, 
may nominate and appoint one or more agents or attornies. 
The choice of the agent or attorney certified by the town- 
clerk, shall be deemed and taken sufficient evidence of such 
appointment. And when any suit shall be commenced against 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 313 

any town, (or other body corporate) a copy of the writ or 
original summons, or such other legal process as may issue 
against them, shall be left with the clerk of such town, or 
with one or more principal inhabitants thereof, (or with the 
clerk or some principal member of the body corporate, thirty 
days at least before the day of the sitting of the Court, unto 
which the same shall be returnable. 

Privileges and powers of districts. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That 
all places incorporated by the name of districts, before the 
first day of January, one thousand seven hundred and seventy- 
seven, are hereby declared to be towns to every intent and 
purpose whatever; and places incorporated by the name of 
districts since the same first day of January, one thousand 
seven hundred and seventy-seven, or such places as may here- 
after be incorporated by the name of district, are and shall 
be entitled to all the privileges, and vested with all the 
powers in this act expressed, as amply to every intent and 
purpose as they could have been if expressly named herein. 

Hatters and things by law directed to be done at March 
meetings, may be transacted in April. 

And whereas in divers laws, provision is made relating to 
the annual meetings in March, which it is necessary should be 
extended to the meetings holden in the month of April, in 
case the annual meeting of any town should be holden in that 
month ; 

Be it therefore enacted by the authority aforesaid, That 
all matters and things, which by any law or resolve of this 
Commonwealth, are directed to be done, and transacted at the 
town-meetings in March, may hereafter be done, and trans- 
acted at a town-meeting in April; anything in such law or 
resolve, to the contrary notwithstanding. 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That 
all laws heretofore made for the purposes mentioned in this 



314 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

act, be, and they hereby are repealed, and rendered null and 
void, i This act passed March 23, 1786] 

Endorsed : You are commanded forthwith to apprehend 
Boston Feb y 26, 1787 

An Act directing the Time and Manner of appointing 
('•unity Treasurers. 

Be ii enacted by the Semite and House of Representatives, 
in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same, 
That there shall be annually chosen in each county within this 
Commonwealth, in the month of March or April, by the writ- 
ten votes of such persons as are by the constitution qualified 
to vote for Representatives in the several towns or districts, 
a discreet suitable person, being a freeholder, and resident in 
the same county, for a County Treasurer; the votes to be 
counted and sorted in the town or district meeting by the 
moderator thereof and town-clerk; the names of the persons 
voted for, and the number each person had, shall be recorded 
by the clerk in the town or district book, and an attested copy 
of such record shall be transmitted under seal to the next 
Court of General Sessions of the Peace, to be held within and 
for the same county, on the first day of the Court's sitting; 
there to be opened and compared with the like returns from 
the several towns and districts in such county: and the per- 
son having the majority of the said votes, and accepting of the 
said office, after being sworn to the faithful discharge of the 
trust before the said Court, or any two Justices thereof, 
quorum unus, and giving bond for the faithful discharge of 
the trust, with sufficient sureties in such penal sum as the 
Court shall direct, to the clerk of the peace for the same 
county, for the time being, and his successor in that office, 
shal] continue in the said office for the term of one year, and 
until some other person shall be chosen and qualified as afore- 
said in his room. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 315 

When no one person shall have a majority of the votes re- 
turned, Justices of the Court of Sessions may appoint a suit- 
able person. 

And in case, upon comparing the votes returned as afore- 
said, no one person shall have a majority of the whole num- 
ber of votes returned, or the person chosen shall decline ac- 
cepting the office, or after accepting shall die, or resign, or 
remove out of the county, within the year; then, and in such 
case, it shall be lawful for the Justices of the same Court to 
appoint by ballot a suitable person, being a freeholder in the 
same county, to that office ; 



Petitions of Brownfield, Francesboro, Raymondston, Otis- 
field, Bridgetown, Canaan & No s 1, 3, J+, 5, 6 & 22 
Plantations. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

The Committee of Both Houses; to whom was Comitted 
the petitions of the plantations, Called Brownfield, and 
Francesborough in the County of York, of Raymondtown, 
Otisfield, Bridgetown in the County of Cumberland, and of 
the Plantations of Canaan N° 1, N° 3, W 4, N° 5, N° 6, and 
K° 22, in the County of Lincoln praying for abatement of 
their taxes, have attended that Service, and ask leave to re- 
port as their opinion, that it is expedient that the petitioners 
aforesaid, be refered to the next Session of the Gen 1 Court, 
and that the said plantations be directed to take a Valuation 
of the ratable estate & number of Polls in the Several Planta- 
tions aforesaid and return the same into the Secretarys office ; 
in the manner and at the time, as Provided in the Resolve 
hereto annexed, all which is Submitted. 

Stephen Choate p r order 



316 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

Itcsolvod that the plantations Called Brownfield, and 
Francisborough in the County of York, of Raymond town, 
Otisfield and Bridgetown in the County of Cumberland, and 
the Plantations of Canaan, N° 1, X" 3, N° 4, N° 5, N° G, and 
N° 22, in the County of Lincoln ; he and they hereby are di- 
rected to chuse three meet persons as assessors in each of the 
said Plantations in the month of March or April next who 
are humbly ordered c , to take E on oath, a Valuation of all 
the ratable Estate of every Person in their respective Planta- 
tions, also the number of Polls agreahly to the Schedule on 
which the Last Valuation was taken; B and the same to re- 
turn into the Secretarys office on or before the Last day of 
May next; in order that the General Court may be enabled 
to make Such abatements as the Circumstances of the planta- 
tions aforesaid, and the Situation of the Commonwealth may 
require. And be it further Resolved, that the Sheriff of the 
a County b of Comberland c is hereby directed, in the mean 
time, to Stay Executions e he has against the Plantations of 
d Rayrnondtown & Bridgtown for Taxes ; and the Secretery 
is hereby directed to Cause this Resolve to be printed in the 
Cumberland Gazette Six Weeks Successively. B 

In Senate Feb y 21 st 1787 

Read & accepted with amendments at C E F & A 
Sent down for concurrence 

Sam 1 Phillips jun r Presid* 

at C insert — after having been sworn faithfully to dis- 
charge the trust hereby assigned them 

at F dele "On oath" 

at F insert — and to require the same to be given an oath 
where they shall judge it necessary, which oath they are em- 
powered to administer — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 317 

at A dele from A to B & insert — Send a copy of this re- 
solve to each of the Plantations named therein, together with 
a copy of the Schedule by which the last valuation was re- 
quired to be returned — 
In the House of Representatives Feb y 26, 1787 

Read & concurred with amendment at a b c & d 
Sent up for concurrence 

Artemas Ward Speaker 

At a dele County & insert Counties 

at b insert York and 

at c dele is and insert are 

at d insert Brownfield 

Report 

In Senate Feb 7 27 th 1787 — 

Read & concurred as taken into a new Draft — 
Sent down for concurrence 

Sam 1 Phillips jun r Presid* 

In the House of Representatives Feb 17 27, 1787 
Read and concurred 

Artemas Ward Speaker 
Approved James Bowdoin 



To the Hon bIe Senate & house of Representatives of the State 
of Massachusetts 

The memorial of the People of the Plantation of Canaan 
Humbly Sheweth — 

That your memorialists about 14 years ago, being in low 
& Indigent circumstances removed in this, then, Intire wilder- 
ness, thro' innumerable hardships have subsisted hitherto, 



318 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

using the utmost Industy for Subdueing the land & procuring 
a very mean & wretched Subsistance for their numerous 
families in hopes, that In time, they Shall be more Comfort- 
able, & be able to assist their Brethren in other parts of the 
State to bear the publick Burdens ; But on ace 1 of many dis- 
advantages, they labour under thro the length of their win- 
ters, the Difficulty of clearing this heavy timbered land, & 
want of Road, & no market, & more than 30 miles from navi- 
gation, & of mills, they having been obliged to go 15 miles to 
mill & pay 10 d p r Bushell for transport across the carrying 
place, & the Beasts of prey, which Renders our Small Stocks, 
both of Sheep & Cattle, very precarious, & thro' many other 
Inconveniences they find ; at this Day, that they cannot pro- 
cure even the necessaries of life, in a tolerable degree, for 
their families, being often forced to live for weeks together 
without any Bread, & without meat for more than half the 
time, a very few excepted, & to go almost naked, even in this 
Severe climate, & to live in hutts Incomparibly worse, than 
ordinary Stables to the Westward, & therefore we are oblidged 
to remonstrate to the Hon ble Court, our total Inability to pay 
anything into the publick treasury — 

That your memorialists labour under peculiar disadvan- 
tages for want of Incorporation, which disables them from 
collecting the little Strength they have to make roads, & do 
other things of Publick utility which inconvenience they have 
long endeavoured to remove by Repeated & Dutifull applica- 
tions to this Hon ble Court, but hitherto have not obtained 
what they think is their just right, & most reasonable request, 
but are still left in an unhinged state, after many months at- 
tendance on the Courts at Sundry times, in all which, they 
have, on a reasonable Computation, been at more than 80£ 
Expence, by which they are discouraged & disabled from any 
further attendance — but must leave this to the mercy of the 
Court — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 319 

That notwithstanding these distresses, which they have 
several times laid before this Hon ble Court, they have a num- 
ber of taxes laid on them, & hear that Executions are out 
against the assessors, which should they be levied, would in- 
tirely break up this Plantation, as all the stock & moveables 
in it, Sold in the ordinary way, would not satisfy them — 

Your memorialists in view of these sore calamities are filled 
with distress, & even with Despair, unless this Hon ble Court 
will compassionate their State & make some provision for 
their relief. 

Therefore with all the earnestness of Suppliants, & hearts 
yearning over their Naked, & almost Starving children, they 
cast themselves, once more at the feet of their civil Fathers, 
& humbly beseech them to take their distressed circumstances 
into their wise & Compassionate consideration, & abate the 
taxes that have been laid on them, & spare them for the future 
till they Shall be in a capacity to pay, or if this Should be 
thot to much, it being impossible to pay either money grain 
or lumber into the publick treasury ; they pray that the taxes 
called for, may be collected by the assessors or collectors in 
labour & other materials, part of it to be laid out in making 
& Repairing roads, building bridges many of which are actual- 
ly necessary in this plan & 2 large Streams both of which will 
require 24 Rods of Bridge to render them passable; & part 
of it for Building a meeting house for the publick worship 
of God, of which we are Destitute & unable otherwise to 
Build & your memorialists as in Duty Bound Shall Ever 

pray 

Peter Heywood, 

John White, 

Solomon Clark, 

Sam 1 Weston 

Com tee for the Plantation of Canaan 

Canaan Decern 1 " 16 th 1786 — 



320 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

In Senate Feb 5 ' 2d. 1787 — 

lien I \- committed to the Committee of both Houses ap- 
pointed on a similar Petition from the Town of GTorham 
Sent down for concurrence 

Sam 1 Phillips jun r Presid' 
Canaan Petition 

In the House of Representatives Feb ry 20, 1787. 

Read & concurred 

Artemas Ward Speaker 



To the Honourable Senet and Hous of Representatives in 
General Court Assembled — 
the Petition of the Inhabitants of Ramond Ton in the 
County of Cumberland in the State of the Massachusetts Bay 
Humbly Sheweth that their hath been Sundre Requirements 
from Thomas Ivers State Treasurer to Assess and Colect 
State taxes but the Inhabitants not being Qualified to Choes 
town Officers by Reason of Poverty have not Assessed or 
Colected S d taxes according- to Requirements whereby their 
hath ben Several Executions transmited to the Shref of S d 
County one for a Beef tax which y e Inhabitants have given 
Security to y e Shreef for but are Stil Unable to Pay we 
would inform your Honours that if y e Shreff Should leve the 
Executions it would take from us all our living and not make 
Satisfaction According to Requirements we would Acquant 
your Honours that we are Extreem Pore their are many of us 
have but one Cow to a Famerly and Som not any their is in 
the Place more than =200= People Young and Old and 
have not more then forty Sheep to Cloath them Your 
Honours may Consider our Circum Stance for Cloaths near 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 321 

half have not wherewith to keep them Cumfortable about 
their Labour many of their Children have neither Shoe or 
Stoking and their Parents not able to Provide them We are 
Under Dificult Circumstances for Provision their is not 
enough in the Place to Support the People two months if 
Equely Divided We know not which way to get it we live 
at So grate a Distance from a Seaport and lumber at So low 
a Price that it will Scarce Pay the transport and we have 
So few oxen in the Place that it is very Dificult to transport 
any we would acquant your Honours that their is no Money 
in the Place and if your Honours Should insist on our Pay- 
ing y e Afors d Requirements it must inevetably brak Up the 
Setlemente which we would not wish to have done after spend- 
ing So much Labour With Expectation of Reping the benefit 
in time & we hope by making more improvement that in time 
we Shall be able to Pay towards y e Suport of Government as 
well as Some Part of the States dets we would acquant your 
Honours that some have moved out of the Place allredy on 
y e Acount of being taxed under Such Dificult Circumstances. 
We would Under the Consideration of our inability to Pay 
the afores d Requirements Humbly Suplicate Your Honours 
to Discharge us therefrom and as Education is heighly Recom- 
mended and we are not insenceble it is one of the gratest 
temporal blssings we Can in joy We Humbly Supplicate Your 
Honours Assestance in the Education of our Children as We 
are Unable to Educate them ourselves that they may be Use- 
full Members of Society We Humbly Pray your Honours to 
Consider our Petition in your Wisdom and Grant us Our Re- 
quest and not drive us to a State of Desperation or Deal with 
us as your Honours in your Wisdom Shall think fit and we 
as in Duty Bound Shall Ever Pray 
Raymondtown Feb y e 5, 1787 

Joseph Dingley, John Davis }■ 
Committee for s d Raymondtown 

22 



"Jl' documentary history 

In the House of Representatives Feb y 15, 1787. 

Read & committed to the Committee of both Houses this 

day appointed on the petition from the Town of Gorham 

Sent up for concurrence 

Artemas Ward Speaker 
Ramondton Petetion 



In Senate Feb y 15 th 1787 — 
Read and concurred 



Sam 1 Phillips jun r Presid 1 



To the Honorable the Senate, and House of Representatives 
in General Court assembled 

The Petition of the inhabitants of Otisfield plantation 
Humbly Sheweth 

That whereas your humble Petitioners have Rec d a War- 
rent from Thomas Ivers Esq 1 *, Treasurer &c, dated Boston 
April 10 th 1786 Requesting us to assess and, collect the sum 
of £90 to be paid into the Publick Treasury 

Though we wish ever to be obsequious to Legislative 
Authority Yet we under a sense of our inability think it our 
duty to petition your Honours to suspend s d Warrent, as we 
are too sensible of our presant need, and want of ability to 
Contrabute any thing to the Publick Chost, Though we wish 
it in our power, 

We being an Infant plantation, our Setlors of the poorer 
part which lays us under a double disadvantage to that of 
older Towns. 

Our distance from a Sea port, which is near 45 Miles, to- 
gether with the badness of our Roads, and our Infancy, make 
it difficult for us to get the necessaries of Life, The fewness 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 323 

of our number renders it impossible to remove that difficulty 
at present, as the most of our setlors have mov d in since 1781 
many of them by the Unhappy affects of the late War) or by 
the Depreciation of paper Money have moved here with 
Families destitute of almost every necessary of Life, and we 
as yet number but 22 Families, many of them are not able 
to keep a Cow and some destitute of that necessary Animal 
our Country being new we keep no Sheep and raise little or 
no Flax. 

Our houses consist of Logs covered with barks and we are 
not in circumstances to make them better as it is but six 
Months since we have had a sawmill within 12 Miles We wish 
not to trouble your Honours by enumerating every peticular 
of our disadvantage, as a Word to the wise is sufficient. 

Therefore we your Humble petitioners pray your Honors 
would take our Case into your wise consideration not Doubt- 
ing our prayer will find a favourable reception and we your 
Dutiful subjects Exempted from paying s d Tax And your 
petitioners as in Duty bound will ever pray 

David Ray, Samuel Gamman, Noah Reed [ 
Committee appointed by the Setlors of s d plantation to 
petition the General Court 
Otisfield Plantation in the County of Cumberland June 
8 tb 1786. 

In the House of Representatives Feb 1 " 7 15, 1787 

Read & committed to the Committee of both Houses this 
day appointed on the Petition from the Town of Gorham 
Sent up for concurrence 

Artemas Ward Speaker 

In Senate Feb ry 15, 1787 — 

Read & concurred 

Samuel Phillips jun r Presid 1 



32 1 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

To the Hon le the Senate, and House of Representatives in 
General Court Assembled. — 

The Memorial of the Delegates for the several Towns, and 
Plantations, east side of Union River, Viz X° 1, X° 3, N° 4, 
\" 5 X° 6 and N 22 in the County of Lincoln in Convention 
Assembled, humbly Shews — "Whereas, by an Act of the Gen- 
eral Court in March last, a Tax was levyed against the unin- 
corporated Towns, and Plantations, in said County, with 
directions for collecting the same, addressed to their Assessors ; 
Wherefore your Memorialists beg leave, to lay claim to that 
happy priviledge, (which from our good Constitution we 
enjoy) of being heard, and making known our grievances to 
that Body, who having the Power, we hope have the Will to 
redress. — The utter impossibility of paying the present Tax, 
is well known to every one who has an acquaintance with the 
situation of this eastern part of this Country, And your 
Memorialists beg leave, to lay before your Honors that situa- 
tion, and feel themselves confident, that it requires little else 
than the representation, to ensure a repeal of that Act, so far 
as it respects these Plantations. — From the first settlement 
of these Towns, or Plantations, the Inhabitants almost to a 
Man, have applied themselves to the Lumber trade to the 
neglect of Agriculture, their Business being wholly stagnated 
during the War, depopulation in a great measure took place ; 
the few who tarried, and were fortunate enough to find a 
little piece of Ground fit for tillage ; by unremitted industry, 
and applycation barely subsisted: — When the Peace took 
place, though our Mills were either distroyed, or much out 
of repair, yet the encouragement for making Lumber was so 
great, that the People were induced to run themselves deep 
in Debt to build, and repair their mills, but notwithstanding, 
had the Trade continued to have flourished, the People by this 
time would have been able, with the willing Hearts of good 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 325 

Subjects, to have contributed something to the support of 
Government. — But the late stagnation, and fall of our Lum- 
ber, (ocasiond as we humbly conceive by our Ports being 
shut, which however Judicious the Acts may have been, and 
tending to the emolument of the Western part of this Com : 
Wealth sinks us down to that Poverty, and distress which we 
experienc'd in the War, and obliges us again to cultivate the 
Pine Wilderness for Bread. — Your Memorialists further beg 
your Honors would conceive, the distress of a People who 
from the uncultivation and natural infertility of their Soil 
are oblig'd to import almost every Article of consumption, 
and the only Staple of exportation stagnated. At the same 
time we cannot omit mentioning that our unsettled situation 
respecting the title of our Possessions in Lands, which has 
greatly retarded not only the settlement, but the improve- 
ments which otherways might have been made. — These in- 
conveniences, may it please your Honors that the people of 
this Eastern Country labour under, also the enticeing Offers 
made, and encouragements given, to emigrate into Nova 
Scotia, by our Near Neighbours the Brittish, have already 
drain'd us of many of our young men, and we are Appre- 
hensive that unless some different measures are taken by 
Government relative to the settlement of the Country, our 
numbers will still continue to decrease. — And your Memo- 
rialists wish further to represent, that as our Whole Trade, 
consists in the small Barter, between one Neighbour, and an- 
other, & possessing no Vessels to carry on any commerce with 
other parts, we are entirely destitute of any circulating Cur- 
rency among us ; therefore with respect to raising the present 
Tax, it is our humble Opinion, that was the whole Property 
of the Country put up at xVuction, it would not raise a suffi- 
cient Sum to satisfy the demand — Although we feel the 
warmest attachment to the Government from which we re- 
ceive protection and have the strongest desire to contribute 



.".iV. documentary history 

to its Support, as far as in us lays ; yet under the Present cir- 
cumstances, which we have here refer'd to, added to our Legal 
incapacity of representation we view ourselves entirely un- 
able to comply with the present requisition of Government; 
Wherefore we Pray in behalf of our selves and Constituents 
that your Honors would take our Case into your most serious 
consideration, and relieve us in that way, and manner, which 
you in your known wisdom shall think most expedient — For 
further particulars we beg leave to refer your Honors, to 
Alexander Campbell Esq 1- who will be the Barer of this Me- 
morial and as in duty bound your Memorialists shall ever 
Pray — 

Thomas Hill, Henry Dyer, 

A. V. Campbell, Eli Forbes, 

William Nickels, Theodore Jones 

Joseph Wilson, 

\ Delegates from y e Several Plantations 

F4- 17 th Aug 1 1786 
In the House of Representatives Feb y 15, 1787 

Read & committed to the Committee of both Houses this 

day appointed on the Petition of the Town of Gorham 

Sent up for concurrence 

Artemas Ward Speaker 
In Senate Feb y 15, 1787 — 

Read & concurred 

Sam 1 Phillips jun r Presid 1 

A List of the Polls and of the Estates, Real and Personal, 
of the several Proprietors and Inhabitants of the Town of 
Brownfield in the County of York taken pursuant to a Re- 
solve of the General Court of the Commonwealth of Massa- 
chusetts passed in the Year of our Lord, one Thousand seven 
Hundred and Eighty-Seven, by the Subscribers, assessors of 
the said Town duly elected and sworn. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



327 



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02 

M 
GO 


Joseph Walker 
Supply Walker 
John Miller 


CO 
03 

Eh 

c 


Samuel Colby 
Josh B: Osgood 
Samnel Haywood 
Pearson Iluntriss 
John Haley 
Henry Y: Brown 
Daniel Long 
Curtis Bean 
Beni" Jacobs 


*3 

f. 

O 

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Eh 

v; ( 


Rich' 1 Kelly 
Amos Poor 
Widow Rogers 
James Osgood 
Wid w Sar h Sherburne 
John B: Miller 


James Miller 
Joseph Haywood 
James Haywood 
Willson Haywood 
John Stickney 



N. B. A saw-mill destroyed by the Fresh 

Note. A paper dated Bridgeton, Jan. 18, 1787, signed by John Pea- 
body, Wm. Emerson, Phinehas Ingals, asking that execution be with- 
drawn & free accompanying petitioners from their taxes. Paper very 
much torn & illegible. 



328 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Memoranda. 

35 Polls £5.. 5 — loss 19 Dwelling bouses, 8 Bams, 1 
grist-mill £2 — D° 2 other buildings £5 value, IHV2 acres 
tillage land 1 .. 13 — loss 104 D° englisb & upland mow- 
ing £10. 3 — more, 72 D° meadow, 63 D° pasturage, 16721 
D° unimprov d 6000 D° unimprovable £15 ..7. — , 8 horses 
1 .. 4 — D°, 34 Oxen 4 .. 6 .. 4 D°, 20 Neat cattle 3 years old 
2. .3..— D°, 14 D° 2 years, 1.. 3. .113/4 D°, 10 D° 1 year 
— 3.71/2 D°, 36 cows 4 year old —17.. 11, 32 sheep, 61 
swine, 12 oz plate — 18 .. 9 Total £21 .. 6 .. 71/4 



A List of the Polls and Estates of the Proprietors & In- 
habitants of the Plantation of Brownfield continued. 





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00 


N° Polls rateable 






























N° Polls not rateable sup- 






























ported by the town. 






























N° Polls not rateable, not sup- 






























ported by the town 


>— 










H-l 


M 


l-t 








M 






N° Dwelling Houses 

N° Shops separate from, or 

adjoining to other buildings 
N° tan houses slaughter 

houses and other working 

houses 
N° Distill & Sugar Houses 
N° Rope walks 
N° Port & pearl ash works 
N° Ware houses 


00 




























N° Barnes 


H^ 


























N° Grist, Saw fulling & slit- 






SB 
























ting mills 






s 
























N° all other mills 


tC 




£ 
























N° Iron works & furnaces 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



329 



* 



►r. 



N° all other buildings and edi- 
fices of the value of five 
pounds & upwards 

N° superficial feet of wharf 

N° Acres tillage Land 

N° english & upland mowing 

N° Acres fresh meadow 

N° Acres Salt marsh 

N° acres pasturage 

N° Barrels of cyder which can 
be annually made upon the 
whole farm 

N° Acres of wood land 

N° Acres other unimproved 
land 

N° Acres of land unimprove- 
able 

N° tons of Vessels & small 
craft of five tons burthen & 
upwards at home or abroad 
to be given. 

An account of every persons 
whole stock in trade, goods 
wares and merchandize at 
home or abroad paid for or 
not paid for — 

Factorage, or the value of 
Commissions on merchan- 
dize annually 

N° Horses and mares three 

years old & upwards — 
N° Colts one year old 
N° Colts two years old 
N° Oxen four years old & up- 
wards 
N° neat Cattle three years old 
N° Neat Cattle two years old 
N° Neat Cattle one year old 
N° Cows four years old & 

upwards 
N° Sheep & Goats six months 

old & upwards 
N° Swine six months old & 

upwards 
N° Ounces of silver plate 
Debts due to any person on 
interest or not on interest 
except government securi- 
ties and continental loan 
office certificates, more than 
they are indebted 
Monies en hand — 



330 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Piersontown 



Taxes previous 


to V 


rsi 


Am 


511. 18. 


, 


d° Oct 


1781 








351.. 5, 


, 


d° N° 1 


1782 






234.. 3. .4 






d° N° 2 


1782 
1783 






234.. 3. .4 


468.. 6. 
368.. 12. 


.8 


d° N° 3 




.8 


d° X° 4 


1784 








163 ..18. 


.4 


d° N € 5 


17S6 








292 ..10 






2156 ..10. 


.8 










Brown field 






Taxes previous 


to 1781 




63.. 15.. 


10 


d° Oct : 


1781 








75.. 




d° X° 1 


1782 






50 






d° W 2 


a 






50 


100 




d° N° 3 


1783 








63.. 17.. 


7 


d° X° 4 


1784 








35.. 




d° X° 5 


1786 








90.. 





427.. 13.. 5 
Treasury Office 21 June 1787 — The above is the amount 
of Taxes laid on the above Towns as appears by the Books 

Attest Alex Hodgdon Treas 1- 



Executions in the hands of John Wait Esq r 

Sheriff of the County of Cumberland against the Town of 
Bridgetown Viz 1 Arrears of Old Taxes 1779 & 1780 — 
£23.. 18 ..4 

Beef Taxes £11 .. 2 .. 8 Total £35 .. 1 .. 
Treasury Office 21 February 1787 for the Treas r 

A Hodgdon 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 331 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate 21 February 1787 

Resolved that the plantations called Brownfield, and 
Francisboro, in the County of York; of Raymondston, Otis- 
field and Bridgeton in the County of Cumberland, and the 
plantations of Canaan, X° 1, X° 3, N° 4, N° 5, 'N 6, and 
N° 22 in the County of Lincoln, be & they hereby are directed, 
to choose three meet persons as assessors in each of the said 
Plantations in the month of March or April next, who are 
hereby ordered, after having been sworn faithfully to dis- 
charge the trust hereby assigned them, to take a valuation of 
all the rateable estate of every person in their respective plan- 
tations, also the number of Polls agreably to the Schedule on 
which the last valuation was taken, and to require the same 
to be given on oath where they shall judge it necessary, which 
oath they are empowered to administer ; and the same to re- 
turn into the Secretary's Office on or before the last day of 
May next; in order that the General Court may be enabled 
to make such abatements as the circumstances of the planta- 
tions aforesaid, & the situation of the Commonwealth may 
require — 

And it is further Resolved that the Sherrif s of the Counties 
of York & Cumberland, are hereby directed in the meantime 
to stay the executions, they severally have against the planta- 
tions of Raymondston, Brownfield & Bridgeton for taxes — 
And the Secretary is hereby directed, to send a copy of this 
resolve to each of the plantations named therein, together with 
a copy of the Schedule by which the last valuation was re- 
quired to be returned — 



Taxes due from Towns of Raymonston & Bridgeton Viz 1 
Raymonston on Abstract X° 1 Arrears of Old Taxes 63. .15. .10 



332 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Beef tax 29. .14.. 8 Gold & Silver tax 1780 — 14.. 8.. 0, New 
Emission tax — John Davis ColF 34.. 10.. 4, October 1781 tax 
specie John Davis, 125..0..0, Continental tax N° 1 — d° — 
83..G..8 Continental tax X° 2 — d°— 83.6.8, State tax N° 3 
— d° — 350.3..4, d° — d° N° 4 — No Return 58.. 6.. 8 
d° — d° — N° 5 — N° Return— 97.. 10.. 10 Total 940..3..0, 
Class tax 1782 74.1.8 Total £1014..4..8 

Bridgeton 

Abstract N° 4 Arrears of Old Taxes 23.18.4 Gold & Silver 
tax 1780 — 5..8..0, Beef tax— 11. .2.. 8, Class tax 1782 — 
74.1.8, New Emission tax Asahel Foster 17. .3. .10, October 
1781 tax specie d° 138..15..0, Continental N° 1 d° 92..10..0 
Continental N° 2 — d° — 92..10..0, State — N° 3 — d° — 
246.. 12. .5 State — N° 4, no Return 64.15..0 State — N° 5 — 
no Return — 12 7..3..9 Total 894..0..8 



Petition Inhbts. Town of Francisborough. 

To the honerable Senate and House of Representatives of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General Court as- 
sembled Feb y 1787 
The Petition of the Inhabitants of the plantation of francis- 
borough in County of York humbly shews that they leatly 
Received a warrant from the Treasurer of the Common- 
wealth for assessing the Said Plantation the Sum of one hun- 
dred and Twenty five pounds twelve shillings & six pence 
witch is qual to all the personal Estate in the Plantation the 
Number of Polls in Said Plantation is Twenty seven Most 
of whitch are very poor and unable to pay Taxes the first 
setelment was made about seven years ago and most of the 
other settlements have been made within three years last past 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 333 

and sum of them within the last year there are only three 
Earns and six fraimed Houses in the plantation and but a 
very little Land Cleared for Tillage or mowing the Planta- 
tion is about thirty five miles from Navigation in short it is 
unposible for them to pay the Tax ordered to be assessed the 
Inhabitance have Reson to think if thair Circumstances had 
been known by the Legislature no Tax as yet would have been 
Laid upon them wharefour your Petitioners pray that they 
may be Exempted and Excused from paying Taxes for a 
Number of years to Come and until their Circumstances may 
be such as to Enable them to pay the same and as in Duty 
Bound will Ever pray and so forth. 

Timothy Barrons, William Chadbourn, 

Enoch Merrill, Abraham Barrns, 

Ebenezer Barker, . . Jjlf 

,, , .„ , Beniamin X Storer, 

JNoan Barker, mar k 

Samuel Harmon Joseph Allen, 

] Pendexter, Joseph Chadbourn, 

John Kissek, g° r 8' e k er > 

Jn° Chadbourn, Benj a Hilton, 

Sam 1 Weymouth, John Shute, 

Joseph M Thompson, Willm fendersen, 

Josiah Davis 



In the House of Representatives Feb ry 16, 1787 

Read & committed to the Committee appointed yesterday 
on a similar petition from the Town of Gorham 
Sent up for concurrence 

Artemas Ward Speaker 



In Senate Feb 7 19, 1787 
Read & concurred 



Sam 1 Phillips jun r Presid f 



334 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives June 25 th 1787. 
On the petition of the Inhabitants of the Plantation of 
Brownfield, praying for an abatement of taxes laid on said 
plantation previous to the year 1786. Resolved, That the said 
plantation be held to pay the sum of ninety pounds only in 
discharge of the whole of the several taxes laid on said planta- 
tion previous to the said year 1786 

Sent up for concurrence 

I Warren Spk r 



Petition of Joshua Lamb of New Canaan. 

To the Honourable Members of the General Court for the 
State of Massachuset Bay. 

The Petition of a Number of the inhabitants of the Plan- 
tation of New Canaan in the County of Lincoln Humbly 
sheweth 

That in the time of the late War betwen Brittain[ 
the Collonies, Your Petitioners lived in Nova Scotia [ 
refuseing to take the Oaths to Government were obliged to 
depart the Province ; accordingly, in the winter of seventeen 
hundred and sevnty seven some of Your Petitioners made 
their escape to the place where they Now are, and the others 
arived as soon as the peace was Made. 

and being reduced to suffering sircumstancies Your Peti- 
tioners Humbly pray that Your Honours would Take it into 
Concideration and Grant them the Lands where they now 
are. And Your Petitioners as in duty bound shall ever 
pray &c 

Joshua Lamb, Martin Brooks, 

Noah Miller, Ephraim Miller, 

David Gay, James Joudrie 

New Canaan, 27 th February 1787 — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 335 

Report of the Committee for selling Certain Strips or Gores 
of Land in the County of York. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts Feb y 21, 1787 — 

The Committee appointed March y e 20, 1784 to sell cer- 
tain Strips or Gores of Unappropriated Land belonging to 
this Commonwealth lying in the County of York, made Re- 
port on the 9 th of Xovember 1781 of their Sale of sundry 
Pieces of Land, the Proceeds of which amounting to 
£875 .6.8 were paid into the Treasury, since which time 
they have sold several other Pieces, paid into the Treasury 
£134.14.11 and have herewith exhibited an Account of 
Sales. 

One of the said Gores, described in the Plan committed to 
your Committee as containing a Quantity which they were 
directed to sell (in which are contained the Lands sold to 
Sam. Andrews & Jonathan Hamilton) have been found to 
fall short of the Quantity therein designated, but the exact 
Quantity cannot be fully ascertained untill the true Lines 
between the said Lands & those belonging to Shapleigh & 
Lebanon are determined. It is also apprehended that one 
other of the said Gores, according to the said Plan contain- 
ing Fifteen Hundred & ninety Four Acres (Five Hundred 
& Forty of which your Committee have sold) will fall very 
considerably short of the full Quantity, and will probably 
render an actual Survey necessary. 

Eleven Lots of Land adjoining to Fryebourg remain un- 
sold. Xo offer has as yet been made for them — 

Cotton Tufts, John Hill } Committee 
In Senate Feb y 28 — 1787 — 

Read & sent down 

Sam 1 Phillips jim r Presid 1 

In the House of Represent 8 Feb y 28, 1787 

Read & sent up 

Artemas Ward Speaker 



336 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Report of Committee on Petition of Mons. Gregoire. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts Feb 7 1787 

The Committee of both Houses appointed to examine the 
Claims of Mons r De Gregoire in the Right of his Lady to the 
Island of Mount Desert and the Land upon the Coast opposite 
thereto as described in their pitition to the Legislature have at- 
tended to the subject with that assiduity which its importance 
requires, and having collected the foregoing state of facts beg 
leave to report That as the Evidence tending to establish those 
facts, & the operation of the foregoing Statement even when 
establish'd, involves several questions relative to the Law of 
the land as well as to the Law of Nations founded upon the 
Changes which the property has undergone (and upon divers 
foreign treaties — they think it expedient to consult the 
Judges of the Supreme Judicial Court upon the validity of 
the title, and accordingly recommend that their Opinion be 
requested without Delay 

which is submitted 

Joseph Hosmer p r order 

In Senate Feb y 28. 1787 

Read and accepted, & ordered, that the Clerk of the Senate 
furnish the Justices of the Supreme Judicial Court, with an 
attested Copy of this Report, and the papers referred to 
therein. 

Sent down for concurrence 

Sam 1 Phillips jun r Presid 1 

In the House of Representatives Febr y 28, 1787 

Read & concurred Artemus Ward Speaker 
In Senate March 5. 1787 Read again & ordered that the 
Opinion of the Attorney General be, & it hereby is required, 
upon the validity of the Title, claimed by Monsieur Gregoire 
& Lady, & the Clerk of the Senate is directed to furnish the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 337 

Attorney General, "with an attested copy of the foregoing "Re- 
port & the papers referred to therein — 
Sent down for concurrence 

Sam 1 Phillips jun r Presid 1 

In the House of Representatives March 5, 1787 

Read & concurred 

Artemas Ward Speaker 



Petition of Joshua Bracket of Shapleigh 

To the Honourobol Senate and House of Representatives of 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General Court 
assembled Feb r 1787 — 
The Petition of Joshua Bracket of Shapleigh in the Coun- 
ty of York in behalf of Said Town Humbly Sheweth that the 
Said Town of Shapleigh formerly a plantation was assessed 
by the town of Lebanon as an adjacent and in March 1786 by 
a Resolve on the petition of James "Witherell Joshua Pray 
and Nathan Lord Collectors of Lebanon and John Woodman 
and others Inhabitants of Shapleigh aforesaid the said Col- 
lectors where abated for the taxes Due from the Inhabitants 
of Said town of Shapleigh the Sum of 383 : 12 : 4 and by the 
afores d Resolve the treasurer was Directed to Send his War- 
rant which he did to the assessors of said Shapleigh to assess 
the aforesaid Sum of 383 : 12 : 4 this town have not been 
Setled by more than five familys till within about Eight 
years your Honors Cannot Conceive the Hardships that we 
have and do still undergo in this new township which is 
aboute twenty five miles from any market for the Little 
Lumber which we Get to Support our Selves and familys on. 
when we tuck our Residence here the most of us was so poor 
that we Could not nor have not at this time been able to have 
any other Shelter than Little Hutts built of Round polls 

23 



338 DOCUMENTARY HISTOKY 

and few Chimneys the Greatest part of our provisions and 
Clothing we are obliged to purchas with what Little Lum- 
ber we Can get to market we have ever and still are willing 
to do all in our power to Support Government as we have a 
heavy tax Laid on us the Last year our property obliges us 
to inform your Honours that it is not in our power to pay 
these taxes unles we are Striped of Real and personal Estate 
we therefore pray that your Honours would take our Dis- 
tressed Circumstances into Consideration and abate us the 
tax that was Laid on us by Reason of the abatement to the 
Colectors of Lebanon af ores' 1 or Relive your Distressed peti- 
tioners in Such other way as your Honours in your Great 
wisdom may see fit and as in Duty Bound in the behalf of 

Said town will ever pray 

Joshua Bracket 

Shapleigh Jany r 29 1787 

at a Legal Town meeting held in Shapleigh on the twenty 
Sixth Day of January 1787 

voted that Joshua Bracket Should Prefer a petition to the 
General Court at their next Sessions in Behalf of Said Town 
of Shapleigh for abatment of taxes that was Laid on Said 
Town on account of abatment of James Withrell and others 
in March 1786 

A true Coppy from the minits 

Att s Joshua Bracket Town Clerk 



Resolve on Petition of Joshua Brachett. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Feb r 1787 
on the Petition of Joshua Bracket in Behalf of the town 
of Shapleigh praying for abatement of taxes for Reasons Set 
fourth in the Petition 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 339 

Resolved that the Prayer thereof be so far Granted that 
the Treasurer of this Commonwealth be and he is hereby 
Directed to Credit Said town the Sum of one Hundred and 
Eighty three pounds twelve Shillings and four pence it 
being part of an abatement Granted to James Witherell and 
other Colectors of the town of Lebanon in March 1786 and 
Laid on the Said town of Shapleigh any Law or Resolve to 
the Contrary notwithstanding 



Petition of Richard Jones & Others. 

To the Honourable the Senate, and Gentlemen of the House 
of Representatives, in General Court Assembled — 

The Humble Petition of Richard Jones, Michael Jones, 
and David Given, of Bristol, in the County of Lincoln, & 
State of Massachusetts Bay, Humbley Sheweth, — That, we 
ware Served, by Charles Sampson, of Waldoborough & 
others, and ware Accordingly Summon'd to attend, and 
Answer to the s d Charles Sampson and others, at Waldo- 
borough, on the second Tuesday of Sep' Last, and we acord- 
ingly attended at the Above time & place, but, as the Court 
Did no bisness, only met & adjorned without Day, and we 
Expected to have attended at Pownalborough, where the Law 
Expressly points out on the First Tuesday in June Next 
and their have Answered, to the s d Charles Sampson & 
others, — but instead of that, — to our Surprise, they Called 
the Case at Hallowell, in the present month of January & 
of Course we ware Called out by Default — 

Therefore your petitioners Humbly prays your Honours, 
to permitt us to re-enter, the s d Action, at Pownalborough, 



340 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

in June ISText, and that your Honours will be pleased to Or- 
der the Execution to be Stayed, and your petitioners as in 
Duty Bound, Shall ever Pray &c — 

Richard Jones, David Given, Michael Jones 
Bristol Jan y 26, 1787 

Lincoln Ss. Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To Joseph Smith of Messingers Island Mariner Richard 
Jones David Given Simon Elliot John Fitch Mark Jones, 
James Gall & Simon Poland Yeoman all of Bristol within 
our County of Lincoln Greeting. 

We Command you that you appear at Our next Court of 
Common Pleas to be holden at Waldoborough, within and for 
Our County of Lincoln aforesaid, on the second Tuesday of 
September next Then and there to answer to Charles Samson 
of Waldoborough in said County Gentleman Phillip Ulmar 
of Dutchtrap Gen 1 William Lormond Gen" & Reuben Hall 
Mnrn both of Warren in a plea of the Case for next perform- 
ing your promis as set forth in the Writ of Attachment 

Which Plea the said Samson Ulmer Lormond & Hall have 
commenced against you, to be heard and tried at the said 
Court; and your Goods or Estate are attached to the Value 
of One Thousand Pounds, for Security to satisfy the Judg- 
ment which the said Plaintiff may recover upon the aforesaid 
Trial. Fail not of Appearance at your Peril. Witness 
William Lithgow, Esq; at Waldoborough, the 27th Day of 
January in the Year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hun- 
dred and Eighty six 

Jon a Bowman Cler 

Apportionment of Senators. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

The committee of both houses appointed to examine 
whether the number of Senators chosen by the respective dis- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 341 

tricts being proportion to the public taxes paid by said dis- 
tricts agreably to the Constitution ask leave to report the fol- 
lowing state of facts — That by the last valuation the County 
of Bristol are taxed £62 .. 8 .. 4 1 / 4 — £25, for each Senator 
leaves £12 .. 8 .. 4*4 for which they have one Senator — 

That the County of Lincoln are taxed £43 .. 6 .. 6 — £25 
for one Senator leaves £18 .. 6 .. 6, for which they have no 
Senator — but as a number of plantations in the County of 
Lincoln have petitioned this Court for abatements of the 
taxes assessed on the said plantations, the consideration of 
which is referred to the next General Court — The commit- 
tee, therefore beg leave to suggest the propriety of referring 
the consideration of making any alteration of Senators in the 
Counties of Bristol & Lincoln to the next General Court — 
In Senate March 2 d 1787 — 

Read and accepted & Ordered that the Consideration of 
making an Alteration of the number of Senators to be chosen 
in the Districts of Bristol & Lincoln be refered to the next 
General Court — 

Sent down for concurrence 

Sam 1 Phillips jun r Presid 1 

In the House of Representatives March 3 d 1787 

Read & concurred. 

Artemas Ward Speaker 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Feb ry 14, 1787 
Ordered that M r Thompson of Middleboro', M r Williams 
of Deerfield & M r Bullock with such as the Hon. Senate may 
join be a Committee to examine whether the number of 



342 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Senators chosen by the respective Districts within this Com- 
monwealth, be in proportion to the public taxes paid by said 
Districts, agreeably to the Constitution, & report 
Sent up for concurrence 

Artemas Ward Speaker. — 
In Senate Feb y 14, 1787.— 

Read and concurred, and Joseph Hosmer & Josiah Thacher 

Esq 1 " are joined 

Sam 1 Phillips jun r Presid 1 





Surplussage 


No. 


Surplussage 


Suffolk — 


£149 ., 


. 0., 


, 9l/ 4 


5 


£24 : 


: 0: 91/ 4 


Essex 


140. 


.10.. 


11% 


5 


15 : 


: 10 : 113/4 


Middlesex 


116. 


. 12., 


> iy 4 


4 


16 : 


12 : 71/4 


Hampshire 


109. 


. 1 ., 


, 41/2 


4 


9 : 


: 1 : 41/2 


Plimouth 


65. 


. 6. 


. 1 


2 


15: 


6.. 1 


Barnstable 


23. 


. 2. 


■ 9i/ 2 


— 


23. 


. 2 .. 91/2 


Bristol 


62. 


. 8. 


■ 4y 4 


2 


12. 


. 8 .. 41/4 


York — 


46. 


. 19. 


■ 83/ 4 


1 


21. 


.19.. 834 


Dukes County — 


6. 


.10. 


. 7l/ 2 


I 


13 


8 51/2 


Xantucket — 


6. 


.17 


.10 


S 






Worcester — 


138. 


. 0. 


. 01/2 


5 


13 


01/2 


Cumberland — 


35 


7 


31/4 


1 


10 


7 31/4 


Lincoln — 


43 


6 


6 


1 


18 


6 6 


Berkshire — 


57 


4 


7 


2 


7 


4 7 




£1000 . 


. 9. 


• oy 2 





Mount Desert plantation £0 .. 15 .. 3 

Plantation N° 1 East side of Penobscot river 6 .. 9 

F2 7 .. 0y 2 

F3 1 .. 2 .. 934 



4 


0. 


.12. 


• oy 2 


5 


0. 


.10. 


■ 4% 


6 


0. 


. 10. 


• 43/ 4 


1 East side of Union Kiver 


0. 


. 12. 


■ 43/ 4 


2 


0. 


. 11 . 


• 33/ 4 


3 


0. 


. 8. 


. 1% 


4 


0. 


. 4. 


. 10 


5 


0. 


. 10. 


• 1% 


6 


0. 


. 7. 


• 10M2 


22 


0. 


. 4. 


. 1 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 343 

w 

N° 
Plantation N° 
N° 
N° 
K° 
N° 
N° 6 
Plantation N° 22 

Plantation on the west side of Penobscot river from Bell- 
fast so far up the river as to include the Widow Wheeler's 
Mills — .. 10 .. 7 

Plantation on the west side of the said river from the 
Widow Wheeler's Mills up the river — .. 8 .. 10% — 
Deer Island plantation in penobscot Bay — 1 .. 2 .. iy 2 Fox 
Islands plantation ■ — .. 12 .. $y 2 Penobscot long Island 
.. 7 .. 101/4 

True Copy from the Valuation Book 

Attest John Avery Secretary 
Extracts from the valuation Book March 3 d 1787 



Memorial of Representatives from the Eastern Counties. 

To the Honourable Senate and House of Representatives of 

the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General Court 

assembled March 1787 

the memorial of the Representatives of Several towns in 

the Counties of York Cumberland and Lincoln in behalf of 

the towns in those Counties 

Humbly Shews that in the Course of Last Summer those 
Counties by the Dispensation of providence were visited with 



344 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

a great Drought which has Continued ever Since have Suf- 
fered, in Consequence of which they in many Respects more 
especially in their Lumber trade, that the Inhabitants of 
those Counties almost intirely depend upon Lumber more 
especially Boards for the purpose of procuring wherwith all 
to pay there taxes which cannot be procured untill there is a 
Sufficient plenty of water for that purpose and after Lum- 
ber is procured a Reasonable time is necessary for the pur- 
pose of transporting the Same to Boston and other markets 
within the Commonwealth, that it is evident that it is alto- 
gether out of the power of the Said Inhabitants to pay any 
part of their Taxes at so early a period as the first of April 
next and it will be impossible for those Inhabitants to make 
any considerable payments of their taxes untill Some time in 
the next Summer that an attempt to enforce the payment of 
taxes immediately will tend to throw the Said Inhabitants 
into a State of Disparation and at the Same time to induce 
them to Conclude that a proper attention is not paid to their 
Circumstances — 

Wherefore your memorialists pray the time for paying the 
taxes granted in March last may be postpon d to Some future 
period which they wish may be no longer than is indispen- 
sably necessary but at the Same time So Long as that it may 
be within the Limits of possibility for the Said Inhabitants 
to discharge their Said tax or grant the Said Inhabitants Re- 
lief in Such other way as the Court in their Wisdom Shall 
think fit and your memorialists as in Duty bound will ever 
pray 
Boston March 6 th 1787 

John Swett, Moses Ames, 

Noah M Littlefield, Dennis Getchel 

John Hill, Reuben Colburn, 

Caleb Emery, Joseph jSToyes, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 345 



Joseph Farnham, Sam 1 Hamden, 

David Mitchell, Zach s Beal, 

David Silvester, Fra Winter. 
D Cony, 



Treasurer s Acc't of Fines Laid on Towns. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives March 7 th 1787 
Ordered that the several Towns hereafter named be fined 
in a Sum set against their Xames respectively for their 
neglect in not chusing Representatives to Represent them in 
the General Court for the year past agreably to the Constitu- 
tion. Suffolk, Xeedham, Fifteen Pounds, Milton, Nineteen 
Pounds, Medway Fourteen pounds Eight shillings, Chelsea, 
Ten pounds ten shillings, Medfield Twelve pounds, Essex, 
Middleton, Ten pounds seventeen shillings, Middlesex, Bille- 
rica, Seventeen pounds ten shillings, Sherburn, Twelve 
pounds ten shillings, Westford, Fifteen pounds sixteen 
shillings, Stow & Boxboro Fifteen pounds fifteen shillings, 
Groton Twenty four pounds ten shillings, Pepperil, Twelve 
pounds fifteen shillings, Lincoln Ten pounds eleven shillings, 
Tewksbury Ten pounds Twelve shillings Acton & Carlisle 
both Seventeen pounds ten shillings, Dracut Twelve pounds 
ten shillings, Holliston Thirteen pounds five shillings, Dun- 
stable Ten pounds fifteen shillings, Lyttleton Eleven pounds 
Ten shillings Hampshire Amherst thirteen pounds fifteen 
shillings Pelham Ten pounds, Belchartown thirteen pounds 
fifteen shillings, Barnstable, Eastham Ten pounds Falmouth 
Twelve pounds fifteen shillings, Bristol Easton Thirteen 
pounds, York Arundell Fourteen pounds, Worcester Charlton 
Eighteen pounds fifteen shillings Spencer Seventeen pounds 



346 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Rutland Eighteen pounds, Lunenburgh Sixteen pounds, 
Fitchburgh, Eleven pound two shillings, Harvard Sixteen 
pounds Ten shillings, Dudley Twelve pounds, Upton Ten 
pounds two shillings, Templeton fourteen pounds ten shillings 
Athol Ten pounds thirteen shillings, Milford twelve pounds 
three shillings, Boston Twelve pounds three shillings, Cum- 
berland Cape Elizabeth, Eleven pounds two shillings Berk- 
shire Tyrmgham Eleven pounds ten shillings 

And that the Treasurer be & he hereby is impowered & Di- 
rected to insert said sums in his Warrant in addition to the 
State Tax next to be assessed upon the afore said Towns for 
the Reasons afore said 



To the Honorable the Senate of the Commonwealth Massa- 
chusetts 
May it please your Honors 

In Obedience to your order of the 19 th Curr 1 I return the 
State of the Taxes therein mentioned as due from the County 
of Hampshire. These Taxes being generally in Executions 
the State of them depends on the returns of the Sheriffs. Col° 
Porter has made his, severall of the other Sheriffs have made 
and are making theirs, as soon as they are Compleated shall 
lay them before your Honors in Counties & when compleated 
shall send a general State of them, 
with the greatest Respect 

I am Your Honors Obedient Servant 

Alex Hodgdon Treas r 

Petition of Monsieur Gregoire. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To the Hon 1 Senate, & Hon 1 House of Representatives in 
General Court assembled at Boston March 1787 — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 347 

The Remonstrance of Monsieur and Madam Gregoire 
humbly shews : — 

That whereas their Honors the Justices of the Supreme 
Judicial Court have declined giving their opinion on the 
validity of your Petitioners title to certain Lands claimed by 
them as the same may effect individual possessors not parties 
to the application. And whereas your Petitioners circum- 
stances will not enable them to prosecute their Claim at 
Common Law, where they could have little hopes of success 
under a Trial by a Jury of the Vicinity, composed probably 
of the very persons whose possessions would be effected by 
the decision; Your Petitioners would therefore humbly pro- 
pose to this Hon 1 Court an accommodation of their Claim 
aforesaid on the terms and Conditions following — viz 1 

That the said Monsieur & Madam Gregoire will on their 
part grant remise & release to the Commonwealth or their 
Grantees, all such parts of the Lands, lying within their 
Grant aforesaid, made to them by his most Christian Majesty 
Louis 14 th as shall have heretofore at any time have been 
granted, ceded, bargained, sold or released by the Govern- 
ment, to any person or persons whatever, & which are not 
now revested in the Government by confiscation, forfeiture 
or otherwise & not remaining in them; And will further re- 
mise, release and quit claim to all the other individual pos- 
sessors of said Lands, such other parts of said Lands as are 
by them actually improved, and which in the opinion of the 
Committee of this Hon 1 Court for the Sale of Eastern Lands 
ought to be quieted to them — On Condition that this Court 
will grant, release, convey & confirm to your Petitioners all 
the Lands lying within their Claim aforesaid, excepting such 
parts as have been heretofore granted or sold by the Govern- 
ment & not revested & remaining in them, — and excepting 
also such other parts as are in the actual improvement of 
any Individuals whatsoever & which the Committee for the 



348 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

Sale of Eastern Lands, shall think ought to be quieted to 
the present Occupants, & released by your Petitioners 

As this mode of settlement can effect only the Common- 
wealth & Your Petitioners, who are the sole parties thereto, 
& the Claims of Individuals will be strengthened & confirmed 
thereby, they flatter themselves, that this Hon 1 Court will 
most readily accede to this proposition and render the best 
possible Justice to Your Petitioners 

& they as in Duty bound shall ever pray &c 

De Gregoire degregoire nee de Lamotte Cadillac 

In Senate March 6, 1787 

Read & committed to Joseph Hosmer Esq r with such as the 
Hon ble House may join to consider & report 
Sent down for concurrence 

Sam 1 Phillips jun r Presid 1 

In the House of Representatives March 6, 1787 

Read and concurred & M r Breed & M r Fowler are joined 

Artemas Ward Speaker. 



Report on Petition of the Gregoire Claim. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts March 7 th 1787. 

The Committee of Both Houses to whom was committed 
the Petition of Monsieur & Madam Gregoire, tendering an 
Accommodation of their Claim to Certain Eastern Lands beg 
leave to report thereon the following Resolve — viz* 

Whereas Monsieur & Madam Gregoire, as she is grand 
Daughter, & immediate Heir at Law of the late Monsieur De 
La Motte Cadillac, late of a place called DeTroit have been 
at great Expense & Trouble in coining from France to this 
Country to prosecute their Claim to a Tract of Land situate 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 349 

& being in the County of Lincoln within this Commonwealth, 
and once granted to said De La Motte Cadillac, by his late 
most Christian Majesty Louis the XIV th And Whereas this 
Claim aforesaid to said Lands, has been countenanced as well 
by the most eminent American Characters at foreign Courts, 
as by the first Law Characters in France ; And Whereas it 
is essential to the best Interest & Happiness of this Country, 
to preserve entire the Union & good Understanding, subsist- 
ing between the Subjects of our late Great & generous Ally, 
the King of France, and our own Citizens, and to cement 
that Union by every Act of Generosity, & unequivocal Justice, 
And Whereas said Monsieur <fc Madam Gregoire have agreed 
to remise & release all such of said Lands as have been 
granted or ceded by this Government, & not now remaining 
in them, and to quiet all such possessors of said Lands, as 
the Committee for the Sale of Eastern Lands, shall think it 
necessary & expedient to be quieted : It is therefore Resolved 
that the said Committee for the Sale of Eastern Lands be, & 
they hereby are, authorized & impowered to make & execute, 
in behalf of this Commonwealth, a good & sufficient Deed in 
fee simple to said Monsieur & Madam Gregoire to hold to 
them their Heirs and Assigns forever of all the Lands lying 
within the boundaries of their Grant aforesaid, made to them 
by his said most Christian Majesty Louis 14 th , excepting and 
reserving thereon all such Lands, lying within the Tract 
aforesaid, as shall have at any time heretofore been granted 
ceded, bargained or sold by the Government of Massachu- 
setts & which are not now vested or revested in them ; and also 
excepting thereout all such other Lands as are in the actual 
improvement & Possession of any Individuals, & which in 
the Opinion of said Committee ought to be quieted to the 
present Occupants. On Condition however that upon the 
Execution & Delivery of said Deed by said Committee to 
said Monsieur & Madam Gregoire they the said Monsieur & 



350 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Madam Gregoire shall and will on their part execute and 
Deliver to said Committee good & sufficient Deeds of Release 
to this Common wealth, or to the present Occupants or 
Grantees under the Commonwealth, of all such of said Lands 
as have heretofore been granted ceded bargained or sold by 
the Government of Massachusetts, & are not now vested or 
revested in them, & of all such other parts of said Lands, as 
are now in the actual Improvement of any Individuals what- 
soever, which in the Opinion of said Committee ought in 
Justice or expediency to be quieted to the present Possessors — 
The said Opinion of said Committee in Ascertaining the 
Individuals, whom they think ought to be so quieted, to be 
given to said Monsieur and Madam Gregoire, as soon as may 
be, with the Number of Acres, which are to be released to 
each Individual, and a Duplicate thereof to be lodged in the 
Secretary's office 
In Senate March 8 th 1787 
Read & not accepted 

Sent down for concurrence 

Sam 1 Phillips jun r Presid* 



Petition of Inhabitants of Gouldsborough. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives March 7, 1787. 

On the petition of a number of the proprietors and in- 
habitants of the township of Gouldsborough or Number three, 
on the East side of Union River in the County of Lincoln, 
praying to be incorporated into a Town — 

Order'd that the petitioners notify the Inhabitants & pro- 
prietors of the said Township by leaving an attested copy of 
their petition & this Order thereon with the Clerk of said 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



351 



Gouldsborough, at least thirty days before the third Wednes- 
day of the next siting of the General Court, then to shew 
cause if any they have, why the prayer of said petition shall 
not be granted. — 

Sent up for concurrence 

Artemas Ward Speaker 
In Senate March 10 th 1787 — 

Read and concurred — 

Sarn 1 Phillips jun r Presid 1 

To the Hon ble Legislative Body of the Common Wealth of 
Massachusetts, 
The Pettition of the Proprietors and Inhabitants of the 
Township of Gouldsborough, or Xumber Three on the East 
Side of Union River in the County of Lincoln Humbly prays. 
That they may be Incorporated into a Town by the Xame of 
Gouldsborough, and your Petitioners as in Duty bound will 
ever pray. 



JSTathan Jones, 
William Shaw, 
Xathaniel Allen, 
Zaccheus Shed, 
Daniel Wright, 
Joseph Ritchardson, 
Edward White, 
James JSToonan, 
Clement firnelld, 
Thomas Galtail, 
Abijah Cole, 

his 

John X McDaniel, 

mark 

Samuel Gates, 
Tobias Clark, 
Benjamin Shaw, 
Nath 1 Shaw, 



Eli Forbes, 

Thomas Hill, 

John Walker, 

Dimond Sergant, 

Tho 8 Bacon, 

iSTathan Jones Jun r , 

Abijah Jones, 

Robert Hughes, 

Jeames Speilen, 

Joseph Grammet, 

John Guptil Jun r 

William Seageenin, 
John Bickmore Jun r 

William Sargent, 

Bngman Sargant, 

John Yeats 



352 DOCUMENTARY JTISTORY 

Petition of Inhabitants of Gouldsborough. 

To the Honorable Legislative Body of the Common Wealth 
of Massachusetts. 

The Petition of the Free-holders, Inhabitants of the Town- 
ship of Gouldsborough or Number three on the East side of 
Union River, in the County of Lincoln — 

Humbly Shews — 

That whereas there was a Petition for Incorporateing this 
Township sent to the General Court, a Copy of which we have 
Receiv'd with an order of the Court thereon, to shew cause 
if any we have why this Township Shall not be Incorporated ; 
Said order of Court has been this day acted upon at a Legal 
Town-Meeting, and we beg leave to shew the following Rea- 
sons why this Township Shall not be Incorporated. Viz* 

That there is but Twenty seven Settled Familys within the 
Bounds of this Township, and the greater part of them so 
poor, that it is with extreme Difficulty they can make a bare 
Existence the Year Round, Therefore, unable to pay taxes ; 
and as to the former Petition, that but very few of the proper 
settlers of this Township had any knowledge of it until after 
it was put in execution, and that the greater part of the 
Signers of said Petition are single men, some of which are 
no way likely to settle here, some not of Lawful Age, and 
some of their Names has never been known to have lived 
here; the Signing of said Petition having been carried on 
without the Consideration and Regulation of a Town Meeting. 

The Petitioners beg leave to inform that they have not 
Receiv'd the order of Court untill the Seventh of May 

Instant. 

The Petitioners beg leave to add that the foregoing is a 
True Representation, and humbly Relys on the Virtue of our 
Legislature, that they will consider our Inability & Post- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 



353 



pone our Incorporation untill better fitted for it, and we as 
in Duty bound will ever pray — 

Dated at Gouldsborough 21 st May 1787. 



James Xoouan, 
Benjamin Godfrey, 
Samuel Libby, 
Thomas Hill, 
Jonathan Tracy jun r , 
Joel Moore 
Asa Tracy, 
H S Shaw, 

his 

John X McDaniel, 

mark 

Clement finnelld, 
Samuel Joy, 



Phineas Whitten, 
Jonathan Tracy jun r , 
John Gubleail, 
Jesse Perry, 
Benjamin Ash, 
jSToah Young, 
John Gubteail Jun r , 
Joseph Newman, 
John Bickmore Jun r , 
William Sargent, 
Benj a Alline 



Order for Treasurer to pay Committee on Eastern Lands. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate May 3, 1787 
Ordered that the Treasurer be & he is hereby directed to 
pay to the Committee on the Subject of unappropriated lands 
in the County of Lincoln, from tax W 5, such sums as are 
necessary to enable them to pay Surveyors & Chainmen for 
services performed in that Country, out of the sum of three 
hundred pounds, which by a Eesolve of the Gen 1 Court of the 
24 th of March 1786, was directed to be paid to them for the 
purposes aforesaid, — and that the said Committee be allowed 
to charge Interest for the money they have hired to enable 



24 



354 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

them the more advantageously to prosecute the business afore- 
said — 

Sent down for concurrence 

Sam 1 Phillips j r Presid 1 

In the House of Representatives May 3 d 1787 

Read and concurred 

Artemas Ward Speaker 



Instructions to the Deputies of Freetown. 

We the Subscribers Being Chosen by the Town of Free- 
town in A Legal Town Meeting to Give instructions to the 
Deputies Chosen to Represent Said Town in the Great and 
General Cort are as foloweth firstley that they use there In- 
fluence to Recall General Lincoln and Discharge the Troops 
under his Command from the Service of this Commonwealth. 
Secondly to pass an act of indemnity to all persons Deemed 
in Rebelion against this Commonwealth ; thirdly to Remove 
the General Cort out of Boston ; fourthly to Abolish the Cort 
of Common please and General Session ; fifthly to Substitute 
Some other Measures in the Several Towns for Transacting 
there Business; Sixthley that the probate Business may be 
Done by the Selectmen of Each Respective towns ; Seventhly 
to Authorize the town Clark of Each Respective Town to 
Record all Deeds and Conveyances ; Eightly that the Act for 
A bounty on Oyl be repeald; Ninthly to give No Grants to 
Cambridge College Neither to Government officers or any 
other person without first Consulting their Constituents — 
and have their Voice in it ; tenthley to Make Strct Enquirey 
in the Measures for the first forming the pernobskut Expodi- 
tion and to know Whether this State is to pay the Whole 
Charge or Whether the United States are to pay their propor- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 355 

tion ; Eleventhly to Make A paper Currency to pay & Redeem 

all the State Securities at the price they are Selling for in 

Silver and to pay all Taxes and private Contracts Equil to 

Silver and Gold ; twelthly to Disqualify the high Sheriffs of 

Each County from — Deputising any person under them and 

for the Cort to Authorize the Constables of Each Town to do 

the business of the Deputy Sheriff 

W m Winslow, Abner Winslow, 

Tho s White, Darius Chase 

Joseph Read, 

Freetown May y e 14 th 1787 

Thease Instructions was Excepted by the town of Freetown 
Philip Hathaway jun r } Town Clerk 



Petition of Town of Pownalborough. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts \ To the Whole Court 

The Petition of the Selectmen of the Town of Pownal- 
borough in behalf of said Town Humbly Sheweth that 
Jonathan Spafford one of the Constables of said Town of 
Pownalborough for the year 1786 he having been sick almost 
ever since the bills was Committed to him, therefore hath not 
Collected but a small Part of his tax which Lays the Town 
Under Great Disadvantage — we therefore in behalf of said 
Town Humbly Pray your Honors that the Town May have 
Liberty to Chuse a Collector in his Room and stead to finish 
and Compleat his Collection and that a further time may be 
allowed for the Payment of the Same tax and as in Duty 
bound will ever Pray 

Moses Carleton, David Silverton }■ 

Selectmen for Pownalboro 
Pownalborough May 20 th 1787 



356 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Respecting Fishery in three Eastern Counties. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts \ In Senate June 21 1787 
The Joint Comittee appointed to Consider of Means neces- 
sary to be taken to prevent the Destruction of Salmon Shad 
and Alewives in the Three eastern Counties and to take into 
Consideration the subject of the Fishery in other parts of the 
Common Wealth at large & report what may be proper to be 
done thereon. — Ask leave to report it as their opinion that 
the subject of the Fishery is so various in the Several Differ- 
ent parts of this Common Wealth that no General System 
can be adopted which would answer the purpose for the 
Whole. A And therefore that any Person or Persons living in 
the vicinity of Rivers or Streams where ships have been wont 
to pass have Liberty to bring in a Bill to regulate the pass- 
ing and catching the fish that Pass up Such Rivers and 

Streams B 

signed Josiah Thatcher p r Order 

In Senate June 25, 1787 — 

Read & accepted with an amendment at A 

Sent down for concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 
A dele from A to B — 

In the House of Representatives June 25 th 1787 

Read and concurred 

I Warren Spk r 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts \ 

In Senate June 5 th 1787 — 

Ordered that Josiah Thacher, David Smead and Isaac 

Stearns Esq r with such as the Hon bIe House may join, be a 

Committee to consider of measures necessary to be taken, to 

prevent the destruction of Salmon Shad & Alewives, in the 

three Eastern Counties, and for regulating the catching of 

Fish in the same, and the said Committee are instructed to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE ool 

take into consideration the subject of the Fishery in other 

parts of the Commonwealth at large, and report what may 

be proper to be done thereon — 

Sent down for concurrence 

S Adams Presid 1 

In the House of Representatives June 5, 1787 

Read and concurred & M r Smith of Belchertown, M r Syl- 
vester, IT Lyman of Springfield, & M r Osgood of Haverhill 

are joined 

I Warren Spk r 



Petition from the Town of Berwick. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To the Honourable House of Eepresentatives now Sitting in 
Boston 

The memorial of the Selectmen of the town of Berwick 
in the County of York in behalf of said town Humbly 
Shews — 

That this town from its being first Incorporated into a 
town which is more then sixty years has never neglected 
Choosing a Representative to Serve in the General Court in 
any one year untill the present : And Least it should be con- 
strued as a neglect of the town in not choosing one the present 
year — we think it our Duty to give a true Statement of the 
matter. The Selectmen of this town for the last year did 
not call the annual meeting for the choice of town officers to 
be held till the first Monday of Aprill, the day appointed by 
the Constitution for voting for a Govourner and Senators, 
It has been the usual practise of this town to Chuse five Select- 
men and they to do the business of assessors, but at this meet- 
ing the town altered that mode and chose there Selectmen 
and three assessors; and after Choosing town officers the 
meeting was adjourned to the fourteenth day of May in 



358 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

order to fill up any vacanceys that might happen in the town 
offices Declining Serving and Supposed it might be a proper 
time to have the meeting Called for the Choice of a Repre- 
sentatives, but two out of three that were Chosen Selectmen 
Declined Serving, one accepted and took the oath of alegiance 
agreable to the late Resolve of the General Court then a 
Doubt arose wither one having taken the oath did not so far 
Superceed the Last years Selectmen, as that they were not 
authorized to call and preside in the meeting; The one who 
had Quallified himself thought he was not authorized to Call 
Said meeting; On the adjournment of the meeting the va- 
cances were filled up of persons not present, and before they 
were Quallified to act, it was too Late to Call a meeting for 
the Choice of a Representative agreable to the Constitution, 
and thus it is the misfortune of the Town to be without a 
Representative the present year which we Request having 
thus Stated the matter we flatter ourselves that no Imputa- 
tion of Blame will fall upon the town or any Design in not 
Sending or in the officers 

Wherefore we pray your Honours will not Amorce the 
town with any fine for chusing a Representative the present 
year 

as in Duty Bound will ever pray 

Berwick June 2 d 1787 

Joshua Emery, 

Tho s Hodsdon J r , 

Humphrey Charbourn } 

Selectmen of Berwick 



Action on Petition of Ebenezer Owen. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

The Committee of Both Houses to whome was committed 
the Petition of Ebenezar Owen, togeather with the answer 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 359 

thereto, and Papers accompanying, hear the Parties and re- 
port, have attended the Service assigned them, and are 
Unanimously of Opinion, that the Petitioner have Leave to 
withdraw his Petition which is submitted 

Joseph Hosmer p r Order 

In Senate June 16 th 1787 — 

Read and accepted, & ordered that the Petitioner have 

leave to withdraw his Petition accordingly — 

Sent down for concurrence 

S Adams Presid 1 

In the House of Representatives June 18, 1787 

Read & concurred 

I Warren Spk r 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Feb 7 9 th 1787 

On the petition of Ebenezer Owen praying that the Judge 
of Probate for the County of Cumberland may be impowered 
to grant him an appeal from the Sentence of the said Judge 
for reason in said petition set forth — 

Ordered that the Petitioner serve Stephen Hall Esq r and 

M r Elisha Turner, with a copy of his petition and this order 

fourteen days before the next Sitting of the General Court 

that they may appear on the third Wednesday of the sitting 

thereof, and shew cause (if any they have) why the prayer 

of the Petitioner should not be granted — 

Sent up for concurrence 

Artemas Ward Speaker 
In Senate Feb 7 16, 1787 

Read & concurred 

S Phillips j r Presid 1 



3G0 DOCUMENTAKY IIISTOKY 

Petition of Inhabitants of Islands in Penobscot Bay. 
To the Honourable Senate & House of Representatives of 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General Court 
assembled 

The Petition & Memorial of the Subscribers Inhabitants of 
and living on Certain Islands Situated in Penobscot bay in 
County of Lincoln, called and known by the following names 
Viz 1 Long Island, Seven hundred Acre Island, Ensign Is- 
land, little long Island, Lime Island, Lazdels Island, Moose 
Island, Saddle Island & Western Mark Island. 

Humbly Sheweth, That there is Settled on these Island near 
Sixty families, who labour under many & great difficulties, 
from which an Act of Incorporation would in a great measure 
relieve us, as in our present State we are not able to Support 
Civil & Religious order as we ought — Therefore we pray to 
be Incorporated into a Town with all the privilidges that 
other Towns in this Commonwealth of like jSTumber of In- 
habitants enjoy. — "We Humbly pray that your Honours 
would take our present disagreable State into your wise Con- 
sideration, and Incorporate us into a Town by the name of 
Winchester — 

Your Petitioners as in duty bound ever pray 
William Pendelton Godfree Trim, 

Shubael Williams, Joshua Pendleton, 

Xoah Dodge, Winx Grimes, 

Job Pendelton, George Miner 

William Philbrook, Samuel Williams 

Joseph Philbrook, Amos Williams, 

William Griffith, John Gilkey, 

Thomas Pendleton, Charles Thomas, 

Peter Comb, Thorn Gilkey, 

Thomas Eames, Joseph Boardman, 

Tabe Eames, Jeremiah Hatch, 

Samuel Pendleton, Gideon Pendleton; 

Jona Pendleton, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 361 

Draft Bill to incorporate certain Islands in Penobscot Bay. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the Year of Our Lord One thousand seven hundred and 
eighty seven 

An Act for incorporating certain Islands in Penobscot Bay, 
in the County of Lincoln, to wit. Long Island, Seven hundred 
Acre Isleand, Ensign Isleand, little Long Isleand, Lime Is- 
leand, Lazdell Isleand, Moose Isleand, Saddle Island and 
Western Mark Island, into a Town by the name of 

Whereas the Inhabitants of the said Isleands labour under 
many inconveniences for want of Incorporation, and have 
petitioned this Court, that they may be incorporated, and the 
same appearing reasonable. 

Be it therefore Enacted by the Senate and House of Repre- 
sentatives in General Court assembled, and by the authourity 
of the same, that all the Lands included in the Isleands 
scituate, lying and being in the Bay of Penobscot, known by 
the name of Long Isleand, seven hundred acre Isleand, En- 
sign Isleand, Little Long Isleand, Lime Isleand, Lazdels 
Isleand, Moose Isleand, Saddle Isleand, and Western Mark 
Isleand, with all the Inhabitants settled thereon be, and here- 
by are incorporated into a Town by the name of 
and the said Town is hereby invested with all the powers, 
previleges and immunities, which Towns in this Common- 
wealth are by law, entitled to. 

And be it further Enacted by the authority aforesaid that 
Esquire be, and he is hereby empowered, 
to issue his Warrant to some principal Inhabitant of the said 
Town of to warn the Inhabitants thereof, 

to assemble at such time and place in the said town of 
as by the said Warrant shall be appointed, to choose all 
such officers as Towns, by Law are entitled to choose in the 



362 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

months of March or April Annually, and the said Inhabitants 
are hereby empowered to choose such Officers accordingly. 

Provided always, that nothing in this act shall in any man- 
ner be so construed as to effect the right of soil in the Islands 
aforesaid 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts [ 

In the House of Representatives June 1787 

On the petition of William Pendleton & other Inhabitants 
of certain Islands in Penobscot Bay praying to be incor- 
porated into a Town 

Ordered that the Petitioners notify the Proprietors and 
others interested in the said Islands to appear on the second 
Wednesday of the next Setting of the General Court, and 
shew cause, if any they have, why the prayer of the said 
petition should not be granted, by publishing an attested copy 
of the said petition & this order thereon three weeks suc- 
cessively previous to the said Wednesday, in the Independant 
Chronicle 



Petition for grant Indian lands. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts, to the Hon ble Senate and 
house of Representatives in General Court assembled, 
The Petition of the Subscribers humbly Shews that where- 
as a large Territory of land lying to the west of Hudsons 
River belongs to this Common Wealth, so far as respects the 
purchaseing of the Soil of the Native Indians and — the 
settlement of the same, we therefore your Petitioners humbly 
pray that your Honours, would be pleased to Grant unto your 
Petitioners the right of Preemtion of the Soil from the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 363 

Native Indians and settlement, of a Certain Tract or Parcel 
of Said lands lying on a branch of the Sisqnehannar River 
Called by the indians Sheniong, begining at the meridian Line 
agreed upon by the State of New York and this Common 
Wealth, as it Extends North from the North line of the State 
of Pennsylvania on both sides the said branch or river 
Shemong and extending to the westward Eighteen Miles in- 
cluding two hundred and sixteen Square miles, your Peti- 
tioners being willing to Comply with such Terms as your 
Honours in your wisdom shall think Just and Reasonable: 
as in Duty bound Shall Ever Pray : 

R : Frankling, Luther Danielson, 

Abner Mighill, Aaron Mighill, 

Elijah Webber, Reuben Lilley; 
June 20 th 1787 



Petition of Isaac Winslow 1 st & 2 d against incorporating 
Winslow or Long Island. 

To the Honorable the Senate and the Honorable the House 
of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massa- 
chusetts — 

The petition of Isaac Winslow (Executor of the last will 
of Isaac Winslow Esq r deceas d ) & Isaac Winslow y e second 
(one of the heirs of said Isaac deceas'd) and for all said heirs 
humbly sheweth that your petitioners have just by accident 
heard of leave being given to bring in a bill for incorporating 
Winslow's or Long Island (the property of the heirs of said 
Isaac aforesaid) and some smaller Islands on Penobscot Bay 
— Your petitioners and those they represent apprehending 



364 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

they will be injured by the passing said Bill humbly pray 
that they may be indulg'd with being heard previous thereto 
and they as in duty bound will ever pray &c 

Isaac Winslow, Isaac Winslow 2 d 
Boston June 21 st 1787 — 



Petition of Alex r Barr of Portlmid. 

To the Hon ble Senate and House of Representatives of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

Robert Barr and Alexander Barr of Portland in the 
County of Cumberland Humbly Shews — 

That by a Resolve of the Hon ble Court passed the 16 th day 
of November last past, there was granted to your petitioners 
the sum of two hundred pounds to enable them to compleat 
certain Machines for the spinning &c of wool, then making 
by orders of the General Court — That by one other Resolve 
passed the 2 d of May last the account of the expenditures of 
that sum was laid before the Court and allowed — That upon 
their return to said Portland viz upon the fourth day of May 
aforesaid they received a Due bill from the Treasurer Gen- 
eral on John Waite Esq r Sheriff of the County of Cumber- 
land for the sum of one hundred and twenty one pounds 7/ ; 
which bill they presented to the said Sheriff on their arrival 
here, who informed your petitioners he was not able to pay 
the same. And your petitioners are unable to raise the 
money on said bill unless they dispose of the same at a very 
great discount; the sum arising therefrom should sell said 
bill scarcely will amount to the money they advanced while 
employed in working on said Machines, much less will it be 
equal to common wages, or in any degree answer the inten- 
tions of the General Court liberally to reward them for 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 365 

"their ingenuity" — They therefore pray your Honours to 
take their case into your consideration, and to exchange said 
order from N° 2 to W 5 or to act thereon as the Court in their 
wisdom & generosity may think expedient. And as in Duty 
bound "will ever pray — 

Alexander Barr for My Self and Brother 
Portland June 23 d 1787. 



Resolve on the Petition of Robert & Alex. Barr. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives July 6 th 1787 

On the Petition of Robert & Alexander Barr Praying for 
an exchange of Orders — Resolved 

That the prayer of the Petition be granted and that the 
Treasurer be & he hereby is directed to receive of the said 
Robert & Alexander Barr an Order given by the Late Treas- 
urer on John Wait Esq r Sheriff of the County of Cumberland 
of the sum of One hundred twenty one pounds & seven 
shillings and pay them the same sum out of the Specie part 
of Tax W five. 



Petition Portland Convention. 

To the Honourable Senate and House of Representatives of 
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General Court 
assembled. 
The Petition of the Inhabitants of the Towns and Planta- 
tions of the Counties of York, Cumberland, and Lincoln, by 
their Delegates, met in Convention, at Portland the thirty 
first day of January, 1787 humbly sheweth 



366 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

That the Inhabitants of said Counties previous to the late 
Revolution, considered themselves a part of the Government 
of Massachusetts, and at the formation of the present Consti- 
tution they either approved of, or submitted to the same, and 
have cheerfully joyned in support of Government and have 
paid due obedience to the Laws thereof, and at the present 
time they feel, most sensibly, the difficulties in com m on to 
the various parts of the Commonwealth, and are ready to 
exert themselves to the utmost of their power to remove them 
by paying their taxes and supporting good order and the 
Laws of the Government ; but when they take a View of the 
Political disadvantages they labour under, peculiar to their 
local situation, being separated from the other part of the 
Government by the intervention of another State, as well as 
their great distance from the seat of Government, they look 
upon it a duty they owe themselves and their brethren in the 
other part of the State, and to the United States in general, 
in a peaceful and dutiful manner, and agreeably to the Con- 
stitution, to lay them before the Honourable Court, and re- 
quest that they would relinquish all right of jurisdiction over 
said Counties, and consent that they may be formed into a 
seperate Government, as they apprehend this the only ade- 
quate remedy to the difficulties complained of. 

And while they are taking this peaceful measure to obtain 
a redress of their great political evils, by asking for a separa- 
tion from the other part of the Commonwealth, they do not 
entertain an idea of throwing off the weight of the publick 
debt, at this time laying upon the Government at large, or to 
prevent the other part of the Commonwealth from having 
their just proportion of the unappropriated lands; but like 
friends and brethren most ardently wish to have all matters 
adjusted upon the broadest basis of equity and fair dealing. 
Therefore your Petitioners humbly pray that your Honours 
would take their circumstances into your Wise considera- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 367 

tion, and adopt such measures as you in your wisdom may 

think fit ; and they, as in duty bound will ever pray. 

In behalf, & by order of the Convention 

W ra Gorham Presid' 
In Senate June 29 th 1787. 

Read & committed to Tho s Durfee, Joseph E. Varnum & 

Nathan Mitchell Esq" with such as the Hon ble House may 

join, to consider & report 

Sent down for concurrence 

S Adams Presid* 

In the House of Representatives March 15, 1788 

Read and concurred and M r Holmes, Mr Bowdoin M r 
Bishop & M r Grout are joined 

I Warren Spk r 



Petition of Town of Machias. 

To the Honble Senate and House of Representatives of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 
The Petition of the Town of Machias Humbly Sheweth 
That the General Court in March 1786 Taxed all the settle- 
ments in the Eastern parts of this Commonwealth among 
which this Town was Taxed £301 — the tax Act not coming 
into the hands of the Assessors 'till last fall and all com- 
munication being stoped between this place and Boston dur- 
ing the Course of the winter prevented our making applica- 
tion to the Hon'ble Court before, — we now beg leave to lay 
before your Honors a True & unexaggerated State of our sit- 
uation and the dimcultys & burthens we have & still Labour 
under 

In the month of May 1763 about 12 men and two or three 
women came to Machias and began to Erect a double Saw 
Mill, and in the month of August the same year the remainder 



368 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

of their familys came down, the next year a number of other 
familys having Joined them, they supposing themselves to be 
within the Jurisdiction of the Province of Nova Scotia ap- 
plied there for a grant of a Township, but that Government 
supposing them not to be within there Limits refused making 
them a grant — in the year 1766 they having considerably 
increased in number made an application to the Government 
of Massachusetts but there being some Errors in their peti- 
tion they faild, they repeatedly renewed their application 
untill the year 1770 when a grant passed the Legislature, but 
then the King's approbation was to be obtained before the 
grant was to be valid, during all this time and 'till the war 
commenced the people were in a state of uncertainty respect- 
ing their lands, therefore devoted the most of their time to 
Lumbering and had made but very little improvement upon 
there Lands when hostilities commenced, at which time they 
had not 3 Weeks provisions in the Township, and the very 
early and active part they took in the late contest rendered 
them very obnoxious to the british commandors, & they had 
reason to apprehend their Vengeance and for the first year 
all kind of business but war was dropd, the next year attempts 
were made for improveing our Lands but the frequent alarms 
upon our Coasts embaras'd the people, so, that but little 
progress was made, and in the month of August, one Brigg 
that was loaded in our River & bound to the West Indies and 
two sloops that were loaded and bound to Newberry, were 
all taken off the mouth of our harbour soon after they sail'd, 
by reason of which some people suffered greatly — In the 
fall of the same year M r Edy came along from Boston, having 
obtained some provisions by the order of the Gen Court, tho' 
not clothed with any authority by them, yet he proposed to 
carry on an expedition against Cumberland in Nova Scotia, 
and the Inhabitants of Machias full of Zeal to support the 
common cause immediately engaged with Edy and set out for 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 369 

Cumberland, but were finaly defeated after the severe season 
had set in, and had to make a retreat thro' the wilderness 
upwards of 300 miles thro' the snow, the next year an expedi- 
tion was formed under the Authority of our Government 
against Nova Scotia and to enter that Province by the way 
of Cumberland the General Rendevouz to be at Machias, this 
the enemy got intelligence of and before any considerable 
number of the Troops or any cannon arrived here, a small 
squadron consisting of one Ship of 4A Guns three frigates 
and an Armed Brigg entered our harbour with a full deter- 
mination to destroy us, but by the goodness of Devine Prove- 
dence and the vegerous exertions of the people, they were 
repulsed with great loss on their part, and upon our side of 
one man killd, one wounded two dwelling houses two barns 
& one Mill burt — they afterwards collected in force at the 
mouth of the River S l Johns, and we had frequent alarms and 
information, that they were determined to make another at- 
tack upon us, so that all the peoples time and attention was 
taken up in making the necessary preparations of defence, 'till 
the season closed when we were informed the enemy had re- 
tired into winter quarters, — In the year 1778 we had some 
little Tranquility and considerable exertions were made for 
improveing our lands but in the year 1779 we were again 
thrown into the greatest distress by the Enemys establishing 
a post at Bagwaduce, we then expected nothing but subjuga- 
tion & people had no heart to do any thing — after our Troops 
arived & beseiged the enemy. Gen 1 Lovell found a reinforce- 
ment was necessary & sent an order for one half of the Helitia 
to Join him, the draught was immediately made and set out 
with Colo Allan, and had got as far a Deer Island when they 
received intelligence that the seige was raised, the people then 
returned home again but were under constant apprehentions 
of being subjugated, the British commanders having Issued 
Proclamations denounceing Vengence against all those that 

25 



370 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

did not come in a short time and submit to the british Gov- 
ernment and take the oath of Allegiance, many persons to the 
Westward of us were so discouraged as to propose to fall in 
with the british so far as to become Xeuter and had petitions 
drawn for that purpose & sent to this Town to Join in the 
measure, but we refusing and the steps we took prevented 
those who were in favour of it from falling in, whereby the 
whole Country Eastward of Bagaduce was preserved — the 
people of this Town were now allmost reduced to a State of 
disparation, but still determined never to Submit untill re- 
duced by superior force — altho all communication with the 
Metropolis and all other parts of the State from whence we 
had any hope of relief seemed to be cut off, frequent alarms 
now took place thro' this and the ensuing year, and whilst 
the war lasted the people were called out for to erect fortifi- 
cations and keep guard — great pains was taken by the enemy 
to bring the Indians upon us and in the Fall of the year 1779 
the noted Major Rogers was actually sent thro' by the way 
of S' Johns to Canada to bring a body of Indians against us 
early in the spring and they came part of the way as we was 
afterwards informed untill the Indians belonging to S l Johns 
River met them and persuaded them to return by telling 
them that the French and we were brethern, and to fight 
against us would be to fight against there father the French 
King — but as we had early intellegence of the business that 
Rogers was upon we realy expected him and was at the ex- 
pence of keeping Scouts up the Rivers to discover the enemy 
if they approached — Several Vessels that were bound here 
with supplyes were taken and one that was loaded with fish 
furrs and other valuable articles & owned in this place was 
taken on her passage to Boston, and others that had property 
on board belonging to the inhabitants were taken — the 
numerous alarms and the want of provisions very much im- 
peded the improvement of the lands the remaining years of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 371 

the war and kept the people in a very naked situation, when 
the peace took place in 17S3 and goods coud be purchased for 
Lumber they were under the necessity of obtaining consider- 
able credit in order to carry on their business & Cloath there 
f amilys — their Mills during the war went to decay and were 
rotted down, but Lumber being now in great demand & com- 
manding a great price they were Excited to rebuild there 
Mills but were at a very great expence in doing it, as labour of 
all kinds was Exceeding high, had Just got under way and a 
prospect of discharging the demands against them, when the 
Xavagation Act was passed, which immediately reduced the 
price of Lumber down from Eight to four Dollars per Thou- 
sand and is now a Drugg at three Dollars — thus were the 
people involved in the Utmost distress for most of them were 
in debt at the Commencement of the War and during the 
Contest had no means of Discharging it, even with paper 
Money, which they woud not even have wished to have done 
had it been in their power, and to their old debts they have 
been under the Xecessity (as aforementioned) of ading a very 
considerable new Debt, and the iSTavigation Act was followed 
by two exceeding dry seasons Especially the last, when the 
drouth set in very severe in July the Mills were soon stoped 
for want of water & continued so the remaining part of the 
season and winter set in very early without rain, the Crops 
of Potatoes cut prodigiously short & no credit to be obtained 
so that the Inhabitants were reduced to greater streights the 
winter past then during any part of the War — They have 
also been at a great expence in running out their Township, 
laying out the lotts Setling a Minister & supporting him for 
fifteen years, building & providing places for public worship 
making Roads and many other heavy expeces which arise in 
bringing forward the Settlement of a new Township — as an 
almost total stop was put to all business during the war the 
Inhabitants in General were unable to pay their Minister 



372 DOC l MKNTAKY IIISTORY 

yearly, which ohliged liim to run in debt for the support of 
his family, and when peace took place there was nearly nine 
hundred pounds to be raised to pay his back Salery to enable 
him to discharge his debts which comes very heavey on the 
people add to this his Salery since the peace — £80 a year 
for public School, £250 year we have raised to make & repair 
Iloads & high ways & £200 for repairing our meeting houses 
the present year with the other expences of the Town make 
it almost impossible to pay any State Taxes at present — 
And our great desire to support the Laws, renders it neces- 
sary for us to make still further applica- which is for a 
County to be erected in this district which if granted must 
be attended with considerable expences — but the Necessity 
of it makes us Anxeuous for the accomplishment of it, there 
is many strong & Cogent reasons for a Countvs being estab- 

•ZOO v o 

lishcd in this district, in perticular for the punishment of 
crimes against the Public, which altho' they are not numerous, 
yet there is some & amongst others those of Fornication and 
Bastardy, also for granting licences to persons as Inholders 
and retailers of Speritous liquors, for no person will be at the 
expence & fatigue of Traveling Two hundred miles & up- 
wards thro' a Wilderness & exceeding bad roads & when they 
come there must seek friends to be Bondmen for them which 
perhaps as they are strangers it woud be impossible for them 
to obtain, and the consequence will be there will not be any 
licenced persons in this part of the County, liquors will be 
sold in a clandestine manner & if one sells another may and 
the matter will be so general that no person can be informed 
against or punished and individuals may thereby be very 
much injured by too free a use of Sprituous Liquors — a 
County road is also exceedingly wanted, which will not be 
obtained untill a County is Established here in short the 
reasons as before observed are too numerous to be mentioned 
— In the first years of the War the Gen 1 Court found it 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 373 

necessary to grant the Settlements on the Eastern shore con- 
siderable sums of Money to purchase provisions for the In- 
habitants — this place received with the others and have paid 
the whole since the peace took place which amounted to near 
£1200 which we believe is the only place Eastward of Penob- 
scott that has repaid Government any part of the Moneys 
received — neether has the other settlements been at the ex- 
pence of supporting a minister, building meeting houses, 
raising Money for highways & Public Schools, which has been 
such a burthen on this place — we are informed that Honble 
Court have been pleased to ease Several of the plantations 
Eastward of Union River of their Taxes in consideration of 
their inability to pay and it is a fact that this place for the 
reason before mentioned is the least able to pay of any place 
in the Eastern parts of this Commonwealth — At the time 
we petitioned to be incorporated, several of the Members of 
the General Court informed us that it woud not be the means 
of bringing on Taxation any sooner, as they supposed it 
woud be unreasonable to Tax us any sooner then the other 
places adjacent which were more able to pay, only because we 
wished to be incorporated to come into better regulations 
among ourselves — We dont wish to flinch from the Public 
burden but whenever we are able to pay any thing towards it 
we will do it with cheerfullness — but from the many diffi- 
cultys we Leaboured under daring the war, our embarressed 
situation at the time & since the Peace took place the large 
sums we have been obliged to raise for the support of our 
Minister & other purposes, the punctual manner in w r hich we 
have repaid Government the Money borrowed, togeather with 
our inability at present We humbly pray the Hon ble Court to 
be pleased to take our distressd situation in to their wise con- 
sideration & grant us relief by Remiting our state Tax, and 
as in duty bound we will ever pray 

Stephen Jones, Ja s Avery, Jeremiah O'Brien } Committee 
By order and in behalf of the Town of Machias 



374 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

In the House of Representatives June 18, 1787 

Read and committed to M r Bowdoin & D r Coney with such 
as the Hon Senate may join 

Sent up for concurrence 

I Warren Spk r 
In Senate June 18, 1787 

Read and concurred & Benj n Austin Jun r is joined 

S Adams Presid' 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives July 2 d 1787 

On the petition of the Select Men of the Town of Machias 

praying for an abatement of their Public Taxes, Resolved 

That the Treasurer do not issue his execution against the 

Collector of Taxes for the Town of Machias until the further 

order of the General Court — 

Sent up for concurrence 

I Warren Spk r 



Petition of the Town of Machias. 

The Committee of both Houses on the Petition of the Town 
of Machias, praying for an Abatement of their Taxes — 
beg leave to report the following Resolve 

Benj n Austin Jun r p r Order 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts}- 

Resolved, That the Prayer of the Petition be so far granted, 
That the Treasurer of this Commonwealth be, & he is hereby 
directed to Credit the said Town of Machias, with the sum 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 375 

of One hundred & fifty pounds, ten shillings in part of Taxes, 
levied on the said Town, by a Law pass'd in March 1786 For 
reasons set forth in the said Petition — 
In Senate June 25 th 1787 — 

Read & not accepted — 
In the House of Representatives July 2 d 1787 

Read and concurred 

Sent down for concurrence 

S Adams Presid 1 



Memorial of James Gilmore et ah. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts } 

To the Honorable Senate & the Honorable House of Repre- 
sentatives in General Court Assembled 30 th of May A 
D 1787 
The Memorial of James Gillmore & others Humbly Sheweth, 
That your Memorialists prefered a petition to the General 
Court in February Last Setting forth that in an early stage 
of the Late war, Relying upon the faith of Government, they 
Lent their money for its use, but have Received no Interest 
for years on most of their notes, & praying for relief, said 
petition was presented so late in the session that nothing was 
done upon it, Your Memorialists further shew that the 
present Mode of Discharging Interest on Government Securi- 
ties by the Treasurers Giving orders for one half to be paid 
by the Collectors of Excise, & the other half by Constables 
who are in arrears for Taxes payable before the year 1784, 
Especially orders upon the Latter, Can be of Little or no 
service to your Memorialists, who live at a Considerable Dis- 
tance from the Constables in that predicament, besides those 
orders have long since become the Traffic of Speculators,) 
& perhaps have increased their Number | and are sold at a 
Discount, too painfull to mention, by those who have a Tender 



376 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

feeling for the Credit of Government, — we think hard to 
pay our own Taxes, & half or two thirds of the Taxes of some 
of our lVii.-w Citizens, who are of Equal ability with our 
selves, & who by Delay of payment avail themselves of those 
orders at their present Discount, But we trust that your 
Honors love for justice, will Induce you to take measures 
for the removal of these Temptations, & that Equity may 
take place between fellow 7 Citizens as nearly as Circum- 
stances will admit, your Memorialists therefore pray that 
your Honors would take this memorial & the petition refered 
to, into your wise Consideration, & order one years Interest 
to be paid on Each of their Notes, out of the specie part of 
Tax ]\ TO 5 Granted March 1786, by orders on the Constables 
of the Towns to which the petitioners belong, & which will 
Enable them to pay up their Tax for that year, & will be 
applying The money for the purpose for which a Large Sum 
of it was appropriated by Law, or relieve your memorialist 
in such way as to your Honors May seem meet, and as in 
Duty Bound Shall ever pray, 
James Gillmor, John Peirce, 

James Metcalf, Joseph Hawes, 

Jabez Fisher, Phenihas Waree, 

David Gilmore, Eben r Metcalf, 

James Woodward, Jabez Fisher Jun r , 

Jabez Ward, Relatiak Fisher, 

John Metcalf, Billy Metcalf, 

Nathaniel Fisher, John Whiting 



Re: Three Eastern Counties. 

An Address, 

Of a Convention held at Portland on Wednesday the 5th 
day of September, 1787, by adjournment — to consider of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 377 

the expediency of the Three Counties of York, Cumberland, 
and Lincoln being formed into a Separate Government — 
to the Inhabitants of said Counties — 

Friends and Brethren, 

The publick good is an object of the greatest importance 
to every society ; and deserves the attention of the society in 
general, and of the members who compose it in particular. 
For upon the general weal depends the interest and happiness 
of every individual. Upon this principle have a Convention 
of the Three Eastern Counties proceeded, from time to time ; 
and have written to, and addressed you accordingly. 

Last January the Convention put into the hands of a Com- 
mittee a petition to the General Court, praying for their con- 
sent that a separate government might be erected, including 
the three counties of York, Cumberland, and Lincoln. This 
they did upon the principle of such a separation's being con- 
sistent with the good of the Commonwealth at large, and 
highly beneficial to said counties. This petition now lays 
before the General Court (who are the political fathers of us 
all;) but they have not sufficient knowledge of the minds of 
the people, to proceed thereon. The Convention therefore, 
solicitous for the general good of the whole Commonwealth, 
and of these Counties in particular, wish to furnish them 
with all the evidence necessary upon such an occasion. They 
therefore recommend, that the inhabitants of the several towns 
and plantations in said Counties, would freely give their 
voices, by subscribing the following, yea or nay. 

*jSTay. Blank, Yea. Stephen Hinkley, Jeremiah Hall, 
Daniel Stevens, Simon Dearborn Jun r Benjamin Wade, 
Peter Clark, Nathan Sweetland, Benjamin Wallker, Rufus 
Bent, Benj n White, John Montgomery, Jabez Gold, Samuel 
Bulbin, Jason Livermore, Solomon Con[ ] Jotham 

Smith, Joseph Fletcher, John Beeman, Edmund Dana, 

* See House Documents numbers 2712, 13 and 14, for different names. 



378 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Thomas Sewall, Isac Harden Jun r , Nath 1 Hinkley, Moses 
Sewall, Ezekiel Chase, William Stone, Noah Woodward, 
Samuel Coney, Daniel Chace, Sam 1 S. Gilman 

A Subscription for collecting the general voice of the In- 
habitants of the Counties of York, Cumberland, and Lincoln 

— whether they wish to be formed into a Separate Govern- 
ment, or not. Those who for a separation will subscribe their 
names under the word yea; and those who are against it, 
under the word nay. Those towns and plantations who 
choose, are desired to take the sense of their inhabitants, at a 
meeting called for that purpose, whether the subscription 
shall be forwarded to Court or not. 

And it is hereby recommended and desired, that the above 
subscriptions may be returned, by the second Wednesday of 
November next, to Stephen Hall, Esq. of Portland, Jacob 
Bradbury, Esq. of Buxton, Capt. James Carr, of Hallowell, 
or to either of them, as may be most convenient, being a Com- 
mittee appointed to receive and forward the same to the Gen- 
eral Court, whether the voice of the town or plantation be 
had thereon or not. 

By order of the Convention. 

William Gorham President, 
Stephen Longfellow, jun. Clerk. 

Nay. Blank. 

Yea Eph m Ballard, James Carr, D. Coney, Samuel Dut- 
ton, Simon Dearborn, Thomas Stickney, Eliphalet Gilman, 
Enoch Page, William Palmer, Isaac Savage. s d , Benj a Brown 

— William Sprage, Amos Polesre, Benj a Stickney, David 
Wolls, Eliphelate Robins, David Pollard, Isaac Clark, 
Thomas Hinkley, Jonathan Ballard, Thaddeus Snell, David 
Jackson, Benj a Dudley, Judah Cowel, Jesse Follet, James 
Hinkley, Thomas Dinsmore, Robert Kennady, Isaac Savage 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 379 

Petition Inhabitants of Waldoborough. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To the Hon ble the Senate and the Hon ble the House of Repre- 
sentatives in General Court assembled 

The Petition of the Subscribers english Inhabitants of the 
Town of Waldoborough in the County of Lincoln — Humbly 
sheweth ; 

That, a great Majority of the present Inhabitants of said 
Waldoborough are native Germans or their immediate De- 
scendants who still retain & cultivate the german Language 

That, for several years past they have supported a public 
Teacher of Religion in their own Language by a Town Tax 
annually granted in which the English Inhabitants are equal- 
ly assessed with the Germans tho' they cannot participate 
with them in the Benefit. 

That, Your Petitioners now have in Contemplation the 
Building a Meeting-House & procuring a Minister — but, 
That, their being obliged to be Assessed with the Germans in 
every Town Tax for the Support of the Gospel and having 
no legal power to raise monies for the Benefit of their own 
Society are Obstacles in the Way of effecting said important 
Objects : 

Therefore your Petitioners pray your Honors to take their 
present Situation as a religious Society into your wise and 
good Consideration and to make an Act Incorporating the 
English Inhabitants in the Town of Waldoborough into a 
Parish distinct and separate from the Town & invested with 
powers & priveleges adequate to the support of the public 
Institutions of Religion 

And Your Petitioners as in Duty Bound shall ever pray &c 

Thurston Whiting, John Studly, 

Charles Samson, Francis Yinal, 

Alex r Turner, Luke Jones, 



380 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Stephen Andrews, 
KTath 8 Pitcher, 
Zebedee Simmons, 
Joshua Thomas, 
Stephen Simmons, 
Caleb Howard, 
Joseph Simmons, 
Jabez Cole, 
Barnabas Simmons, 
Henry Ewell, 
Moses Simmons, 
Jacob Wade, 
Charles Ewell, 
Malachi Ewell, 
Heury Ewell jun r , 



John Keth, 
Watermon Thomas, 
Joseph House, 
Ezekiel Vinal, 
Abner Pitcher, 
Lues Pitcher, 
JohnP[ ], 

Lemuel Wentworth, 
John Hunt, 
Xath 1 Simmons, 
John Clark, 
Pelig Oldham, 
I lenjamin Labbree, 
William Fish 



Parsonfield Petition. 

To the Honb le Senate & house of representatives in General 
court Assembled Boston Octob 1 " 1787 

The Petition of the Inhabitants of the Town of Parsons- 
field by their Committee Humbly Shew 

That the Petition handed to your Hou rs Setting fourth that 
the Inhabitants of Parsonsfield, conceived — that the Propor- 
tion of Taxes, charged to the Town of Parsonsfield, was more 
than Eaq 1 to other Towns, that the Inventory Annexed was 
Taken by persons wholly unacquainted in Such matters, and 
not makeing a proper Allowance for Lands that are partly 
seeded with grass & greatly Incumbered with Loggs & 
Stumps, have thereby Exposed your Petitioners to great In- 
jury by greatly inlarging the quantity of mowing Tillage & 
Pasture Lands as appears by an Inventory thereof Taken by 
persons under Oath hereto Annexed your Petitioners Humbly 



OF THE STATE OF MAIXE 381 

Shew that the produce of their improved Lands are insuffi- 
cient to supply the inhabitants with provisions y r Petitioners 
Humbly conceive that if your Honors were sensible of the 
Extraordinary Expence that attends the Cultivation of Lands 
that are of such a quallity as to require plowing and Tilling 
with great Kxpence of Labour & afford so small a crop as is 
by no means Eaq 1 to the Expence, your Hon rs would readily 
conceve that your Petitioners ware over Taxed your Peti- 
tioners Humbly Conceive that Valuing Parsonfield Lands 
Equal in quality to Limerick Lands would not be approved 
of by your Hon rs if the Difference in the quality was known 
to f Hon rs 

The Lands in Limerick were taken up by the proprietors 
without being confined to any Certain boundaries Inclosed 
about thirteen Thousand Acres of the Best Land they could 
find in a compact Body but your Petitioners being confined 
to certain Boundaries Inclosed a Large quantity of moun- 
tainous and LTnimproveable Lands, one ridg of Mountains 
Extends almost the wedth of the Town Xear the middle 
which contains four ranges of Lots near one third part of 
the Town and are So Broken that but Very few Lots are or 
Can be Improved for farms and that the whole Town Con- 
tains but Sixty Lots that men of Judgment in Lands would 
Spend Labour and Cost to Improve for Farms that the Taxes 
upon the Unimprovable Lands can Xeither be Collected from 
the owner nor obtained by the Sale of Such Lands 

Y r Petition rs are apprehensive that an Error was Com- 
mitted by the Hon bl Committee appointed to Ascertain the 
Value of Parsonsfield of Two Hund d & fifty pounds in the 
mowing & Tillage Lands and Humbly pray that your Hon" 
would make such an Abatement of y e Sum Charged to your 
Petitioners as will be Eaq 1 with other Towns and they as in 
Duty Bound will Ever pray 

Tho s Parsons, John Doe, Jonathan Kinsman 



382 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Valuation of Parsonsfield 

86 ratable poles 

14 not ratable 

39 Horses 

71 Oxen 
134 Cows 
127 Young Cattle 
117 Swine 

410 Acres of Mowing and Tillage Land } 
320 Acres Pasture Land 

55 Bams 
1 Dwellg House 

3 Ditto 12/ 
5 Ditto 8 

10 Ditto 6 

36 4 

171 B Corn 

4 T Hay 

Unimprov d Lands 
3950 @ 3 d p r Acre 
6198 12 
2100 2/ 

3096 3/6 

3700 5/ 

3230 6/ 



£192 






350 






393 — 


■ 8 




243 — 


■11 




106 — 






484 — 






188 — 






275 






25 






36 






40 






60 






17 






3 . 


12 


2413- 


-11 


£ 59 


— 7 


. 6 


309 


10- 




210 


— 




541 


— 14- 


-0 


925 






969 






3014 


— 11- 


-6 



Petition of Westport. 

To the Hon ble Senate and House of Representatives in Com- 
monwealth of Massachusetts — 
the Petition of we the Subscribers and inhabitants of West 
Port, Humbly Sheweth that We Signed the Petition to have 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 383 

the village of Aconset incorborated into A Town and We not 
considering the many inconvenances that does attend this in- 
corboration have now deliberately "Weighed With the utmost 
concern Our happy union with the Town of Dartmouth con- 
nected With the many advantages that was so inseperably 
interwoven With Each Other Cannot but regret Our Sepera- 
tion wich we View with the greatest anxiety of mind — and 
most Humbly pray your Honors to Grant us the Liberty of 
having Our names enrolled with our Estates to become the 
inhabitants of the Town of Dartmouth and it Gives us pain 
to take up your Honors Time but yet we presume that your 
Honors will forgive us When you Consider it is Better to 
Live On A dry morsell with quietness therewith then A 
house full of plenty with Strife and your petitioners in duty 
Bound Shall Ever pray 
Henry Horland Peleg Cornell, 

George Burdick, John Anthony 

West Port October 8 th 1787. 



Elisha Broivn's Petition. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To the Hon ble Senate and house of Representatives in Gen- 
eral Court Assembled — 
The petition of Joshua Bealls — humbly Sheweth that your 
petitioner being a Collector of taxes in the town of Windsor 
for the years of Eighty two and Eighty three, and had Com- 
mitted in to my hands Town County and State taxes against 
Cap 1 Nathan Harwood to the amount of near thirty pounds 
and the said Harwood refusing and Neglecting to pay the 
same, or turning out or shewing property whereon to Levy 
my warrant your Petitioner applied to the Assessors for a 
warrant of Commitment and attached the body of the said 



:">-! DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Harwood — and then the said Harwood proposing to settle 
the same by paying part and the remainder as soon as pos- 
sible — and he challanging the Legality of our Town Meet- 
ings saying that the Assessors had no right to grant a Com- 
mitment — and Your petitioner taking advice of the Select- 
men and other principle Inhabitents was advised to let him 
go for the present, untill our Illegal Meetings could be ratified 
by the General Court — (which has since been done) and 
now the said Harwood being set at liberty still refuses to 
pay said taxes under protence that my taking his body and 
setting him at liberty again, has in the Eyes of the Law Dis- 
charged him from the whole of said taxes — 

Therefore your petitioner humbly prays that as your peti- 
tioner has Set the said Harwood at liberty, partly on said 
Harwoods promise to pay the whole of said tax, and partly 
on the advice of the Assessors and Selectmen they fearing 
that the said Harwood might get some advantage by reason 
of our Town Meetings being illegal — that your Honours 
Would pass some Resolve inabling your Petitioner to Collect 
the whole of the taxes that are Justly due from said Har- 
wood — in the same manner as your petitioner had a right 
to do by law had he never taken his body and as in duty 
bound Will ever pray 

Joshua Beall, Colect: 
Windsor October 19 th 1787 

We the subscribers do hereby certify that we are fully 
sattisfied that the reasons given in the foregoing Petition are 
right and Just — and that the prayer of the petition ought 
to be granted 

Elisha Brown, \ 

Denison Robinson > Selectmen 

Sam 1 Baldwin / 

Zebadiah Morse, 

Elisha Brown, 

_ , _. Assessors 

Joseph Pierce, 

Sam 1 Baldwin 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 385 

Letter of Rufus Putnam. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 

October 24 th 1787 
To the Honourable the Senate and House of Kepresentatives 
in General Court Assembled — 

The Subscriber begs leve, to represent to this Honourable 
Court, that after the present session it will be out of his 
power, Consistant with his interest and other engagements, 
to continue longer in the Service of government on the Com- 
mittee for the Sale, and Survey of eastern Lands — 

that it would be more agreeable to him to be released from 
that kind of Service immediately, but as their is no other 
Surveyor on the Committee he will attend the further orders 
of the General Court the term aforesaid, unless by a new 
appointment or otherwise it Shall become unnecessary 

I have the honour to be Gentlemen with all due respect 

your Honours 

Most obediant Humble Servent 

Rufus Putnam 



re Petition Jonathan Davenport. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives October 19 th 1787 
On the Petition of Jonathan Davenport, Collector of Taxes 
for the Town of Halowell for the year 1786, praying that 
the Treasurer may be directed to receive the sum of Twelve 
pounds, being the amount of three "Wolves Certificates, for 
which he paid the full amount in specie in lieu of so much 
of the specie part of Tax jNT 5 for reasons set forth in the 
said petition. 

26 



386 DOCl'MKN TAKY HISTORY 

Resolved, that tlie Treasurer be, and be is hereby directed 

to receive of the said Jonathan Davenport the three Wolves 

Certificates mentioned in his said petition amounting to the 

-urn of Twelve pounds, in lieu of so much of the Specie part 

of Tax X" 5 commited to the said Davenport to Collect in the 

year 1786 

Sent up for concurrence 

I Warren Spk r 
In Senate Oct. 29, 1787 

Read & Xonconcurred 

S Adams Presid 1 



Davenport's Petition. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts \ 

To the hon ble Senate, & the hon bIe House of Representatives 
The Petition of the subscriber humbly sheweth 
That he was Collector for the Town of Hallowell for the 
year A. D. 1786. — had the N° 5 Tax Committed to him to 
Collect, — that he purchased Certificates for three grown 
Wolves, being killed in said Town, said Certificates amount- 
ing to the Sum of Twelve Pounds — for which he paid the 
silver money that he had Collected for the specie part of said 
Tax — expecting agreable to a Law of the Commonwealth 
to receive the money again out of the Treasury of the Com- 
monwealth — or that said Certificates would be received by 
the State Treasurer for the Specie part of said N° 5 Tax, — 
but to the loss of your Petitioner, the Treasurer was notified 
to pay the money or receive said certificates for the specie 
part of said Tax. 

your petitioner therefore prayeth your honors to take the 
premises into your wise consideration and direct the Treas- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 387 

urer to receive said Wolves Certificates, for the specie part 
of said ~N° 5 Tax — or otherwise relieve your petitioner as 
your honors Shall think best — and he as in duty bound will 
ever pray. 
Hallowell Sep 1 18, 1787 — 

Jonathan Davenport Collector 



Hallowell September y e 11 1787 

These may Certify that we Received of Jonathan Daven- 
port Collector of taxes, the Sum of Eight pounds all in Silver 
money, for two wolves Certificates without any discount 
whatever ; we say Reed by us last Spring 

Abraham Davenport, Thomas Davenport 

These may Certify that last Spring I paid to Jeremiah 
White, Thomas & Abraham Davenport, for three wolves Cer- 
tificates, the Sum of twelve pounds all in hard money, Except- 
ing Jeremiah Whites Pole tax that I discounted with him, 
for part of Said Sum 

Jonathan Davenport Collector 
Hallowell September y e 11, 1787 



re Petition Josiah Pierce. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate Nov r 1787 

On the Petition of Josiah Peirce Resolved that any two 
Justices of the Peace for the County of Cumberland Quorum 
Unus be empowered to Grant to Josiah Pierce of the Planta- 
tion called Flints Town a License to Retail Spirituous Liquor 
till the Court of Gen 1 Sessions of the Peace in October next 



388 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

he procuring a Recommendation from the Select Men of one 
of the Towns in the vicinity of s d Plantation, and procuring 
Bonds according to Law — And the Justices granting the 
Licence Shall report the same to the Clerk of the Court of 
Gen 1 Sessions of the Peace for s d Country And it is farther 
Resolved the courts of Gen 1 sessions of the Peace in the sev- 
eral Counties in this Common Wealth are hereby empowered 
to Grant Licences to any of the Inhabitants of Plantations 
within their Several Counties. Provided such Persons ap- 
plying shall procure Recommendation from the Select Men 
of one of the nearest Incorporated Towns in the Vicinity and 
otherwise conform* 1 to the Rules of Law Respecting Granting 
Licences to the Inhabitants of Incorporated Towns 



Petition of Josiah Pierce. 

To the Honorable Senate and the Honorable House of Repre- 
sentatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in 
General Court assembled 

The Petition of Josiah Pierce of a Place or Plantation 
called Flintstown in the County of Cumberland 

humbly shews 

That having obtained a Recommendation from a number 
of Principal Inhabitants and Proprietors of said Plantation 
=he applied to the Court of General Sessions of the Peace 
for said County which was begun and holden at Portland on 
the last day of October last and now stand adjourned to the 
third Tuesday of December next — for Licence to retail 
Spirituous Liquors in said Flintstown — but the Court judg- 
ing they had no Power to grant Licences to any Persons but 
such as live in corporate Towns and produce an Approbation 
from the Selectmen did not grant the Licence requested 
And as, there is no licensed Person in said Plantation, and 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 389 

no other objection was made to granting License to your Peti- 
tioner — He humbly prays your Honors would grant him 
license for the purpose afores d 

And as in duty bound will ever pray : 

Josiah Pierce 



We the Subscribers Inhabitants or proprietors of the Town 
of Flintstown in the County of Cumberland do approve of & 
recommend M r Josiah Pierce of said Flintstown as a Person 
of Sober life & conversation suitable to keep a Public House 
as Inn-holder or Retailer in Said Town & do Recommend him 
as friendly to the United States of America 
April 17S6 

Inhabitants 
William Binford, David Brown, 

Joseph Richardson, ISTehemiah Lawrence, 

Samuel Batchelder, Zech r Fitch, 

Richard Hine, Elisha Jones, 

Joshua Davis, Cyrus Fairbank 

Richard Fitch, Sam 11 Reed, 

Moses Lowell, W m Whittemore, 

Ephraim Bacheldor, Walter Russell, 

Jonathan [ Edward Flint, 

Proprietors Peter Harwood 

Charles Baker, Simon harding 

Jeremiah Barnard, 



Petition of Joseph Storer. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To the Hon ble The Senate & House of Representatives for 
said State in General Assembly convened at Boston 
Humbly shews Joseph Storer of Wells in the County of 
York and Commonwealth aforesaid Merchant, that your 



390 DOCUMEXTAEY HISTORY 

Petitioner proposes, provided he can have suitable encourage- 
ment & assistance, to erect and establish within the Parish of 
Kenebunk in said County, a rolling and slitting Mill, and 
also a Nail Manufactory, which he apprehends are both much 
wanted in that place and in the Country round about, and as 
such a Mill and Manufactory will be of very great public 
utility and the building and completing thereof attended with 
too great an expence for a private individual unassisted by 
the Public, he humbly prays that your Honors would make 
him such grant as to your wisdom shall seem meet to enable 
him to prosecute the aforesaid useful and important plan, 
and He, as in Duty bound will ever pray — 

Joseph Storer 
Wells Xov r 1 st 1787 



Treasurer s Letter with Statement. 

To the Honourable House of Representatives 
May it please your Honors 

In Conformity to the order of the House — The Treasurer 
asks Leave to lay on the Table a Return of the Balances due 
on the Taxes N" 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 from the Counties of Suffolk, 
Essex, Middlesex, Hampshire, Plymouth, Barnstable and 
Bristol, from the Sheriffs and Collectors on the first of Octo- 
ber, the Balances from the other Counties are prepareing and 
when compleated shall be presented by Your Honors Obedient 
Humble Servant 



Treasury Office 6 Nov r 1787 



Alex Hoda;don 



& v 



Superscribed : The Honorable James Warren Esq r 
Speaker of the House of Representatives 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE o91 

Petition of Neiv Glocester. 

To the Honourable Senate & honourable House of Repre- 
sentatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, in 
General Court assembled 

The Petition of the Town of Xew Glocester in the County 
of Cumberland humbly sheweth, that it would be a great 
Privilege to the said Town if the River, called Royal River, 
running thro' the said Town, might be opend & made accessi- 
ble to the Fish that usually make their Haunt in such River ; 
of which Privilege they are now deprivd, by reason of Mills 
built on said River. Your Petitioners therefore humbly 
pray that the Provision made by this honorable Court for 
other Towns in the like Case, may be made for them, by such 
an Act of Court as shall effectually secure to them the said 
Privilege. And as in Duty bound, your Petitioners Shall 
ever pray. 

Signed in the ISTame & by Order of the Town 

Xath 1 Eveleth, John Merrill }■ Selectmen 



re petition Hannah Mann. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives ISTovember 9 th 1787 
On the petition of Hannah Mann, widow of Robert Mann, 
late, of the Plantation of Xew Worcester, on Penobscot 
River — 

Whereas it appears to this Court that the Said Robert 
Mann, about ten years Sence became a Settler and continued 
So to the time of his Death, on a tract of Land lately Sold by 
this Commonwealth to Moses Knap and others, without any 
provision in favor of the said Robert or his heirs, whereby 



392 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the Said Hannah and her children are deprived of that al- 
lowance of lands, including their Improvement, which Gov- 
ernment have made to others of the Same Plantation under 
like Circumstances — Therefore — Reesolved, that their be 
granted, and their is hereby granted and confirmed unto the 
Said Hannah Mann, and her heirs, one hundred and fifty 
acres of the unappropriated lands of this Commonwealth, in 
Township [Number ten of the First Division of Townships 
East of Penobscot River, to bound Westerly on the said River 
and laid out Seventy five rods in front by one Mile in Depth, 
the Side lines to be parallel to the lots laid out to the 
Refugees from ISTovascotia, aud the Committee on the sub- 
ject of Unappropriated lands in the County of Lincoln, are 
to govern themselves accordingly — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

I Warren Spk r 



Memorial of Hannah Mann. 

To the Honourable Senate and house of Representatives in 
and for the state of Massichusets &c &c &c — 
the Memorial of Hannah Mann widow and Relect of Robert 
Mann late of New Worcester Penonobscut River Deceased 
humbly Sheweth that about ten years now past the above s d 
Robert Mann purchased an improvement on a piece or Tract 
of land on the East Side of penobscut River of Jonathan 
loudar for which he paid to him the said louder the sum of 
one hundred and fifty Dollers Equivalent to Silver which 
premices he peaseably proposed until Some time in the year 
1786 when Maj 1 * Knap and others Came by order of Cort and 
with a Survayer laid out a town-Ship of land to him the s d 
Knap and others which Encluded the above s d improvements 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 393 

and then the above s d Robert Mann Dec d Did petition to the 
General Court with Jon Bower and others for a Grant of one 
hundred acres of land as a Setler which was according to a 
Resolve of the General Court but through Some Circum- 
stances not yet Known his the said Robert Mann's name was 
neglected and some time after when hearing that he was 
neglected then he the s d Robert Mann Decesed Strove to 
pertition to the Court but before he Could Receive an answer 
from the Court he the Said Robert Mann died and left me 
your memorialist a widow with Seven Small Children to 
Support and your Memorialist is warned off of the above s d 
improvement which if i must leave i my self with my Chil- 
dren must Sertainly Suffer with hunger and Cold there are 
therefore to pray the General Court to take me your memo- 
rialist into your wise Consideration and Consider the Cir- 
cumstances of a poor distressed widow with such a number 
of poor helpless orphans and Still Keep us harmless in the 
peaceable possion of one hundred acres of land with the im- 
provements and your memorialist Shall Ever pray 

p r me Hannah Mann 
penobscut October y e 22 th 1787 



re petition of Ezekiel Pattee. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Xov r 9, 1787 

On the Petition of Col Ezekiel Pattee in behalf of the 
Town of Winslow in the County of Lincoln praying that an 
execution which has issued by the Treasurer of the Common- 
wealth against the said Town for the sum of £424.. 19 ..5 
may be recalled for reasons set forth in the said Petition 



394 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Resolved that the prayer of the said Petition be granted, 
as the facts stated therein appear to be true, and that the said 
Treasurer be and he is hereby directed to recall the said exe- 
cution, and credit the said Town with the aforesaid sum ac- 
cording to a Resolve of the General Court which passed the 
10 th day of November 178G — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

I Warren Spk r 



Petition Ezekiel Pattee. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To the Hon'ble Senate and House of Representatives of said 
Commonwealth in General Court assembled — 

The Petition of Ezekiel Pattee in behalf of the Town of 
Winslow in the County of Lincoln — 

Humbly sheweth 

That by a Resolve of the General Court of the 10 th of 
November 1786 the Plantations of Hancock & Canaan were 
discharged from paying to the said Town of Winslow the 
several Taxes that were assessed on them by the same Town : 
and by the same Resolve the Treasurer of the Commonwealth 
was directed to credit the said Town of Winslow with the 
amount of the Taxes assessed as aforesaid notwithstanding 
which, an Execution has issued against the said Town for the 
full of the said Taxes amounting to the Sum of £424 .. 19 .. 5 
although that sum has been assessed and collected by the said 
Plantations and by them applied to the purposes directed by 
the said Resolve. Your Petitioner therefore humbly prays 
that the Treasurer of the Commonwealth be directed to re- 
call the said Execution & Your Petitioner will ever pray — 

Ezekiel Pattee 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 395 

This certifies that about the middle of October last I was 
in the Plantations of Hancock and Canaan, where I saw the 
People of said Plantations busily employed in working upon 
the highways, and they informed me that they were then at 
work pursuant to a certain Resolve of the General Court, 
which permitted them to work out on the highways certain 
taxes that were assessed upon them by the Town of Winslow 
— they likewise informed me that they had almost compleated 
the business and from the improvements I discovered upon 
the Roads, I supposed and do still suppose the said informa- 
tion to be true 

Ezekiel Pattee } A Select Man of Winslow 

Suffolk Ss Boston 14 Novem r 1787. 

Then M r Ezekiel Pattee personally appeared, and made 
oath to the truth of the foregoing Certificate, by him sub- 
scribed, before me 

Tho Clarke Just pacis. 



Bill for Instituting a Registry of Deeds in Each Town. 

Common Wealth of Massachusetts 

In the Year of our Lord one thousand seven Hundred and 
Eighty seven. 

An act for the more convenient registering deeds and other 
conveyences of real estate in this commonwealth, and for de- 
termining the time for appointing registers of deeds in each 
Town in this commonwealth 

Whereas a large number of the inhabitants of this common 
wealth from their local situation have experienced many in- 
conveniences from the present mode of registering deeds and 
other conveyances of real estate, for the prevention of which 
inconveniences for the future 



396 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives 
and by the authority of the same. That each Town with in 
this Commonwealth are empowered and directed from and 
after the day of one public office for 

the recording all deeds and conveyances of real estate lying 
within the limits and boundaries of each respective town, and 
the separate plantations thereto adjoining 

And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid that 
each and every town in this commonwealth are hereby im- 
powered and directed at their annual meeting in the month 
of March or April for the choice of Town officers to choose a 
clerk by writen ballot for the recording all deeds and con- 
veyances of real estates lying in said Town which clerk so 
chosen shall be sworn to the faithfull discharge of his office 
whose duty it shall be to receive and record all conveyances 
of real estate lying in said town for which he shall receive 
the same fees as are at present allow'd to the county Register 
for doing the same business, as likewise for any examination 
of any record or for a coppy of the same 

And be it further enacted that every clerk so chosen as 
aforesaid before he enters on the duties of his office shall give 
bonds with sufficient securities for the faithfull discharge of 
the duties of said office in the sum of 

And be it further enacted that on the day of 

the present County registers of Deeds shall 
deliver over the records in their respective hands to the 
Treasurer of the county of which he was the register and 
said Treasurer is directed to receive the same, and to keep 
them in his office and it shall be the duty of each county 
Treasurer on application made to him for that purpose to 
examine said Records and give Coppies thereof or any part 
thereof, for which he shall be intitled and receive of the per- 
son so disiring it the same fees which are by law now allowed 
to the County register for doing the same business, and a 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 397 

coppy of any such record attested by such Treasurer shall be 
as good and valid evidence in law, as any coppy hither given 
of any such record by any County register 

And be it further enacted that from and after the 
day of all lavs heretofore made with regard to 

county Registers is hereby repealed and made void. 

re Petition Town of Norridgewalh. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives November 14 th 1787 

on the Petition of the Plantation of Xorridgewalk Setting 
forth that their Great Poverty and inebility for the Payment 
of Publick Taxes and Praving for an abatment of the Taxes 
assessed on them by the Town of Winslow 

Resolved that the Plantation of Xorridgewalk be and they 
are hereby discharged from Paying to the Town of Winslow 
the Severall Taxes assessed on them by the said Town of 
"Winslow Ammounting to the Sum of Sixty four Pounds 
Seventeen Shillings ten Pence and the Treasurer of this 
Commonwealth be and hereby is directed to discharge on the 
Execution against said Town of Winslow the aforesaid Sum 
of Sixty four Pounds Siventeen shillings & ten Pence 

Resolved that the Plantation of Xorridgewalk be and they 
are hereby Authorized and Required to Assess on the In- 
habitants of the said Plantation of Xoridgewalk the aforsaid 
Sum of Sixty four Pounds Seventeen Shillings & ten Pence 
in the Same Manner as Towns are by Law directed to assess 
Publick Taxes and the money so assessed and Collected to be 
applied to making and Repairing Roads and Bridges in the 
said Plantation 

and be it further Resolved that in case the foregoing Reso- 
lution be not carried into effect and a Certificate thereof Pro- 
ducd under the hands of the Selectmen of the Town of 



398 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

"Winslow on or before the first day of October next then and 

in that Case the Monies aforesaid or Such Parts of them as 

shall not be applied to the foregoing Persons shall be Paid 

into the Treasury of this Commonwealth 

Sent up for Concurrence 

I Warren Spk r 



Petition Inhabitants of Norridgewalh. 

CommonWalth of Massachusetts Bay 

To the Honourable Senat & house of Representatives in Gen- 
eral Court asembled — 
The Petition of the Inhabitants of Norridgwalk Plantation 
in the County of Lincoln humbly Sheweth that Whereas the 
Town of Winslow for a number of Years past have requird 
the Inhabitants of this Plantation to pay taxes to them your 
Petitioners Humbly pray in as much as they are utterly un- 
able to pay the Money (as might easily be Shewed) and as 
your Petitioners are Destitute of Conveniant Rodes that the 
Honoured Court Would grant your Petitioners Liberty of 
working out the above s d taxes in making rodes among them 
Selves the like Privelage which hath been Granted to the two 
Plantations below us and your Petitioner as in Duty Bound 
Shall Ever Pray 
Oct r 17 th 1787 — 

John Clark, William Spaulding j r , 

Josiah Warren, Samuel Nutting, 

John Heale, John Langhton, 

Nathan Parlin, Zeph Keith, 

Obadiah Witherell, El[ ] Spalding, 

Zec h Longly, Seth Spalding, 

Silas Parlin, [ ] Richards, 

Levi Samson, Goffe Moor, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 399 

John Samson, Jonas Parlin, 

Benj a Hinds, Dan 1 Steward, 

Thomas Heald, Benj a Moor, 

Moriak Gould, Eleaz r Spaulding jim r , 

Oliver Wood, Josiah Spaulding, 

David Peirce, Edmund Parker, 

Josiah Heald, Josiah Cutting, 

Thomas Whetcomb, Asa Parker, 

Samuel Parker, Will" 1 Spaulding, 

John Langhton, Joseph Tarbell 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives ISTov r 14 th 1787 

On the petition of David Gardner in behalf of himself, his 
two sons and Peter Richardson non-resident proprietors of the 
Town of Machias, setting forth, that they are dissatisfied with 
the proprietors of the said Township, because the said pro- 
prietors have not made them such grants of land as they have 
done to others in the same predicament with themselves, 
agreably to a Resolve of the General Court passed the twenty 
first day of June Seventeen hundred & eighty four, and pray- 
ing to be heard on the subject of their dissatisfaction, the 
time allowed for that purpose being elapsed notwithstanding 
for reasons mentioned in the said petition. 

Ordered, that the said David Gardner notify the proprietors 
of the said Town of Mechias to appear on the third Wednes- 
day of the next Session of the General Court, to shew cause, 
(if any they have) why the prayer of his petition should not 
be granted, by serving the Town Clerk with an attested coppy 
of his said petition with this order thereon, thirty days at the 
least previous to the said third Wednesday 

Sent up for Concurrence 

I Warren Spk r 



400 DOCUMENTARY IIISTOKY 

Memorial of David Gardner. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To the Honorable Senate & House of Representatives of said 
Commonwealth — at Boston Octo 28-1787 
Humbly Sheweth David Gardner of Machias — 
That when the Town of Machias was incorporated there 
was a Resolve of the General Court that the Proprietors 
should quiet those who had settled there & made improve- 
ments & who were called non resident Proprietors & that if 
any such non resident should make application within two 
Years from the time of said incorporation to the General 
Court of their disattisfaction, They should be heared upon 
the subject of their complaint — Now Your Petitioner saith 
that just before said Two Years had expired he came to Bos- 
ton to state his complaints to the General Court of his disatis- 
faction as a nonresident proprietor of Machias But the Court 
was then nearly up, on which he gave his papers to Timothy 
Folgier to forward his Petition but from accident his peti- 
tion was not preferred soon enough to be considered — He 
therefore humbly prays that his own case with that of his 
two sons together with that of Peter Richardson who were all 
named in said Petition might now be considered by a Com- 
mittee of your Honours as in duty bound shall ever pray 

David Gardner 



Representation of Treasurer. 

To the Honourable the Senate and the Honorable House of 

Representatives in General Court Assembled 

The Treasurer — Respectfully asks leave to represent to 

your Honors, that in order to his Complying with the Resolve 

of Court respecting Issuing Executions against such Sheriffs 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 401 

as have not return'd their Executions sattisfied He conceives 
it necessary that the Coroners to whom he Committs his Exe- 
cutions, should he Qualified, and as he supposes the giving 
of Bonds is an essential qualifycation, he begs leave to inform 
Your Honour he can find no Bonds in his Office from either 
of the Coronors of the following Counties Viz — Plymouth, 
York, Berkshire, Hampshire, Barnstable, Worcester & Lin- 
coln — and prays your Honors direction in this Case 

Alex Hodgdon Treas r 
Treasury Office Xovem r 15 th 1787 

In Senate Nov. 15 th 1787 — 

Bead & committed to Caleb Strong Esq 1 " with such as the 

Hon ble House may join to consider and report 

Sent down for concurrence 

S Adams Presid 1 



Petition of Henry Hoivland. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Bepresentatives November 12 th 1787 

on the Petition of Henry Howland George Burdick Peleg 

Cornell, and John Anthony Inhabitants of the town of West 

Port Praying that there names and Estates may be inroled 

and become Inhabitants of the town of Dartmouth ordered 

that the Prayer of the said Petition be so far granted that 

the Petitioners Xotify the town of Westport by serving the 

Clerk of said town with a Copy of the said Petition and this 

Resolve to Shew Cause on the second Wednesday of the Next 

Session of the General Court if any they have why the Prayer 

of the said Petition should not be Granted — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

I Warren Spk r 

27 



402 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Iii Senate Nov 1 15, 1787 

Read & ISTon concurred, & ordered that the Petitioners have 

leave to withdraw their Petition 

Sent down for concurrence 

S Adams Presid 1 



Treasurer's Bill About Statements. 

To the Honorable the House of Representatives 

The Treasurer asks leave to lay on the Table agreeable to 
an order of the Honorable House a State of Balances due 
from perticular Towns, Collectors, and Sheriffs on N° 1, 2, 
3, 4 & 1ST 5 Taxes from the Counties of York, Dukes County, 
Nantucket, Worcester, Cumberland, Lincoln and Berkshire 
which with the Books of Balances due on Taxes already ex- 
hibited compleats the whole State of the Taxes up to the first 
day of October 1787 
and is with Respect 

Your Honors Obedient Humble Serv 1 

Alex Hodgdon Treas r 

Treasury Office 16 Nov r 1787 

Superscribed : Honorable James Warren Esq r Speaker of 
the House of Representatives. 



Petition of Jabez Jones & William Cobb. 

To the Honorable Court of General Sessions now holden at 
Portland in and for the County of Cumberland — 
The Petition of Jabez Jones and William Cobb (being a 
Committee of the Proprietors of a Bridge now erecting over 
Pesumpscot River in Falmouth — humbly sheweth — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 403 

That your Honors Petitioners having for a long time 
viewed the difficulty of Business being carried on between 
the Eastern and Western Part of the County — and the great 
disadvantage of Travellers crossing a Ferry which at present 
every Person travelling the Great County Road either East- 
ward or Westward is obliged to do, excepting they travel as 
much as four miles further in a very bad Road. Taking the 
foregoing difficulties into consideration — your Honors Peti- 
tioners have provided Materials for and nearly compleated a 
Bridge over said River near the Place where the old Bridge 
formerly stood — which Place we think the best for the good 
of the County in general — and have rated the Timber Work 
&c as low as possible We therefore humbly beg that your 
Honors would take our Petition under your consideration 
and allow us such reasonable compensation for said Bridge 
as you in your Wisdom may think proper : and receive said 
Bridge for the Benefit of the County — And your Petitioners 
as in duty bound will ever pray — 

Jabez Jones, W m Cobb } 
Committee of Proprietors of s d Bridge 

Falm Oct 30, 1787 

At a Court of General Sessions of the Peace for the County 
of Cumberland begun and holden at Portland in said County 
on the last Tuesday of October A. D. 1787 — 

The foregoing Petition is read and committed to Justice 

Lewis — who reports thereon as follows — viz "That he views 

the Bridge mentioned therein to be of public Utility but as 

this Court has no Authority to comply with the Prayer of 

said Petition — Therefore advise the Petitioners to apply to 

the General Court for Relief" Which Report is accepted by 

the Court — 

A true Copy 

Attest Sam 1 Freeman Cler 



404 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

To the Honorable Senate and the Honorable House of Repre- 
sentatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in 
General Court assembled — 

The Petition of Jabez Jones and William Cobb a Com- 
mittee of the Proprietors of a Bridge now building over 
Pesumpscott River — humbly shews 

That at the Court of General Sessions of the Peace for the 
County of Cumberland which was begun and holden at Port- 
land in said County on the last Tuesday of October last they 
presented a Petition — praying the said Court to make com- 
pensation for said Bridge and receive the same for the bene- 
fit of the County — but the said Court judging they had no 
authority to grant the Prayer of said Petition advised your 
Petitioners to apply to this Honorable Court as by the said 
Petition & Order thereon a Copy whereof is hereunto an- 
nexed, will appear — 

Your Petitioners therefore humbly pray that your Honors 
would take the subject matter of said Petition into considera- 
tion — and pass such order on the same as will answer the 
wishes of your Petitioners, either by granting the Request 
thereof or improveing and directing the said Court of Gen 1 
Sessions to grant it — or as your Honors shall judge best — 
And as in duty bound will pray 

Jabez Jones, W m Cobb 



Re: Laying out of Roads in Lincoln County. 

Nov r 19, 1787. 
The report of the Committee appointed to consider the re- 
port of General Lincoln and others relative to laying out 
roads in the County of Lincoln — read and recommitted, and 
the Committee are directed to make further enquiry as to the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 405 

expediency of laying out the road from Kennebeck River to 
the line of the State of New Hampshire — also to make an 
estimate of the expence that will probably attend the cutting 
of the said roads respectively mentioned in the said report — 



Resolve on Jabez Jones & W m Cobbs petition. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate Nov r 17 th 1787 

On the Petition of Jabez Jones & W m Cobb 

Resolved that the Justices of the Court of General Ses- 
sions of the Peace of the County of Cumberland be, and they 
are hereby empowered to order, if they shall judge the same 
to be just & equitable at their Sessions on the last Tuesday of 
May next, that the expence of the Bridge lately erected over 
Presumpscut River on the County road leading through Fal- 
mouth to North Yarmouth, shall be assessed on the Polls & 
Estates of the Inhabitants of the said County 

Sent down for concurrence 

S Adams Presid 1 

In the House of Representatives Novemb r 20 th 1787 

Read and Non-concurred — 

I "Warren Spk r 



Petitions Ordering the Treasurer to stay Execution against 
the town of Union. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Nov 13 th 1787 
On the petition of Jonathan Amory in behalf of the Town 
of Union — 



406 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Resolved that the Treasurer of this Common Wealth be 

and he is hereby directed to stay the sending his execution 

against the Town of Union until the first day of June next 

any former order to the contrary notwithstanding 

Sent up for Concurrence 

I Warren Spk r 
In Senate Nov r 21 st 1787 — 

Read & ISTonconcurred 

S Adams Presid* 



Petition of Josiah Reed. 

To the Hon ble Senate & House of Representatives of the Com- 
monwealth of Massachusetts — 
The Petition of Josiah Reed of Douglass in the County of 
Worcester, Humbly Sheweth your Hon rs That I am a pro- 
prietor in the Town of Union in the County of Lincoln. — I am 
acquainted in said Town and with the Inhabitants thereof — 
That there was not one family in the said Town of Union 
till the year Seventeen Hundred & Seventy five & by reason 
of the late war that Settlement was greatly retarded — There 
is now but about Thirty families in Union and the chief of 
them in very Low Circumstances — they are taxed in Tax 
N° 5 Sixty five pounds and are verry unable to pay the same 
Suddenly and I believe it is the verry first Instance in this 
Commonwealth of any Town or plantation being Taxed un- 
der similar Circumstances — Therefore your petitioner prays 
this Hon ble Court would be pleased to direct the Treasurer 
not to send an Execution against the Collector of the Town 
of Union untill the further order of the General Court, and 

as in duty bound will Ever pray — 

Josiah Reed 
Boston Oct r 26, 1787 — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 407 

Petition of Jonathan Amory. 

To the Honble Senate & House of Representatives of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 
The Petition of Jonathan Amory of Boston in the County 
of Suffolk — Humbly Sheweth That your Petitioner is a 
Proprietor in the Town of Union in the County of Lincoln, 
that he is informed that s d Town is taxed in Tax 1ST 5 — Sixty 
five pounds — that there was not one family in s d Town till 
the year Seventeen hundred & seventy five, & by reason of the 
late war that Settlement was greatly retarded — that there is 
now about thirty familis in s d Town, the chief of whom in 
very low Circumstances — that they are very much unable to 
pay s d Tax — & He humbly conceives that it is the first In- 
stance in this Commonwealth of any Town or plantation being 
Taxed under similar Circumstances. Therefore your Peti- 
tioner prays this Honble Court would be pleased to direct the 
Treasurer not to send an Execution against the Collector of 
the Town of Union untill the further order of the General 

Court & as in duty bound will ever pray. 

Jon a Amory 
Boston 27 Oct r 1787 



Petition of John Taylor. 

To the Hon ble Senate and House of Representatives of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts 
The Petition of John Taylor of Douglass in the County of 
Worcester Humbly Sheweth your Hon rs that I am a proprietor 
in the Town of Union in the County of Lincoln — I am Ac- 
quainted in Said Town and with the Inhabitants thereof — 
that there was not one family in the said Town of Union till 
the Year Seventeen hundred and Seventy five and by reason 
of the late War that Settlement Was greatly retarded — 



408 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

There is now but about Thirty families in Union and the 
Chief of them in very low Circumstances — they are taxed 
in tax N° 5 Sixty five pounds and are very Unable to pay the 
same Suddenly and I Believe it is the Very first Instance in 
this Commonwealth of any Town or plantation being Taxed 
under Simelar Circumstances — Therefore your Petitioner 
prays this Hon bIe Court would be pleased to Direct the Treas- 
urer not to send an Execution against the Collector of the 
Town of Union untill the further order of the General Court 

and as in Duty bound Will Ever pray 

John Taylor 
Boston Nov r 1 — 1787 



Petition of Noali Parker. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives October 26, 1786 

On the petition of Noah Parker praying for an Allowance 
for a Recept signed by Henry Gardner Esq r Treasurer of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts of the Sum of Thirty two 
pounds Seventeen Shillings and Eight pence Dated Feb y 1782 
which the said Parker is not credited for in said Treasurers 
Booke which the said parker hath made Oath that he had and 
is since Lost as is set forth in his petition — 

Resolved that the Treasurer be and is hereby directed to 

credit the said Noah Parker a deficient Collector for the 

Town of Kittery for the year 1781 on the new Emission Tax 

the sum of Thirty two pounds Seventeen shillings & /8 a 

which said Sum is to be deducted from the Execution Issued 

against said parker for the deficiency of the said New 

Emission Tax in full for the said Recp 1 so lost 

Sent up for concurrence 

Artemas Ward Speaker 
In Senate Nov r 21 st 1787. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 409 

Memorial of Noah Parker. 

To the honorable the Senate and the Honora 16 House of 
Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts 
in General Court assembled 
Humbly Shews 

Noah Parker of Kittery in the County of York, and one 
of the Collectors of Taxes for the said Town of Kittery for 
the year 17S1 — That in Pursuance of his Duty as a Col- 
lector aforesaid he Collected a Tax for the Redemption of 
the New Emission Money so called, in New Emission Money 
at the Rate of one & Seven Eighths — and p r — Transmitted 
the same at Six Several Times to the Treasurers office, and 
had the Treasurers Receipts therefor That the said Six Sev- 
eral Receipts amounted to the Whole of the said Rate Lyst 
— except about 40 s / — That the said Receipts were placed 
together in a Wrapper — That having the misfortune of 
loosing his Wife in the year 1785 The same Six Receipts & 
several other Valuable Papers of his are lost — That Execu- 
tion from the Treasurer is Issued against him for a Consider- 
able deficiency on the said Tax — That upon examining into 
the matter at the Treasurers office, he doth not find any Credit 
given him in the late Treasurer Gardners Books for one of 
the Sums for which he had Receipts, and paid as aforesaid, 
and as The Receipts afors d is lost, he is acquainted by the 
present Treasurer, that he can have no Relief but from your 
honour — Wherefore he prays your Honours Would take his 
case into your Wise Consideration and grant him that Relief 
in the Premises, that the Equity thereof, in his humble 
Opinion requires, and as in duty Bound your Petitioner 

Humbly prays. 

Noah Parker 



Ill) DOCUMENTARY EISTOBY 

A true List of the furst Money Tax of 1781 Collected aud 
Scut to the Treasurer by me NToah I > ;irker by the hands of the 
after Xamed — 

Sept r 1781 by Edward Cutts Esq r 04 — 15 — 0, Dec r 1781 

by Tobias Furneld 120 — 11 — 8 Feb y 1782 — by the Post 

Nobel 32 — 17 — 8, Apr 1 1782 — by Edward Cutts Esq r 

57 — 12 — 0, Sep r 1782 by John Frost esq. 34—11 — 2, 

Jen 5 1 783 by Thomas H. Lewis 22—4—9 Total 332 .. 12 .. 3 

the above is a trew List 

p r Noah Parker 

York ssOct r 2 th 1786 

then the above Nam d Noah Parker Personally appeard and 

made Solom oath that he paid the Several Sums above into 

the treas r and had Recits for the Same but now they are lost 

Sworn before 

Edw d Cutts Justice Peace 



These may Certify whom it may Concern that we the Sub- 
scribers have Examined and do find that Noah Parker one of 
the Collectors of Taxes for the Town of Kittery for the year 
1781 hath Compleated his Collections in the Tax for the Re- 
demption of the New Emission Money so Called: within 
about forty shillings — furthermore that in the year 1785 he 
the said Noah having the misfortune of loosing his wife the 
said Noah Inform' 1 us that at or about said Time were lost 
Six Several Receipts obtaind from the Treasurers for the 
abovesaid Tax and from the Circumstances of his Family at 
that lime we Suppose the Information to be True 

William Lewis, 1 

Benf Parker, Selectmen of Kittery 

Tho s Hanscom, v 
Mark Adams / 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 411 

I the Subscriber bing at Pothmoth Sum time In the Year 
1782 with Noah Parker he then told me he was Going to Pay 
M r Nobell the Post for Caring Sum money to boston for him 
that he the s d Parker Sent to the Treasurer by him the s d 
Nobell 

Joel Fernald. 



Action on Petition Noah Parker. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In Senate Nov 21 st 1787 

On the Petition of Xoah Parker praying for an allowance 
for a accept signed by Henry Gardner Esq. Treasurer of the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts of the Sum of thirty two 
pounds Seventeen Shillings and Eight pence Dated Feb y 
1782 which the said Parker is not credited for in said Treas- 
urers Book which the said Parker hath made Oath that he 
hath had and is since lost as is fully set forth in said Petition 

Resolved that the treasurer of this Commonwealth be and 
hereby is directed to order the said Noah Parker a Deficient 
Collector of the Town of Kittery for Anno Domini 1781 on 
the new emission Tax the sum of thirty two pounds, seven- 
teen shillings and eight pence (which sum is to be deducted 
from the Execution issued against the said Parker for the 
said new emission Tax) for the Receipt so lost as aforesaid 

Not accepted 

Re : Waldo Claim. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Novem 20 th 1787 
Whereas the General Court by a Resolve of the 4 th Day of 
July 1785 confirmed to the Heirs of the late Brigadier Gen- 
eral Waldo and others interested in the Grant to Beauchamp 



412 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

and Leverett, a Tract of Land, equal to a Tract thirty Miles 
Square, agreably to certain Bounds therein referred to, pro- 
vided the Bame did not interfere with any prior Grant And 
Whereas from an Actual Survey of the Patent in pursuance 
of the aforesaid Resolve it now appears that the said Patent 
surveyed as aforesaid interferes with the Land of the Ply- 
mouth Company to the Amount of 39,088 Acres — Therefore 

Resolved, that the said Thirty nine Thousand and eighty 
eight Acres be laid out & confirmed as a part of the said 
thirty Miles Square, on the North or head Line of the said 
patent as the same was seen by Cap 1 Jonathan Stone Septem- 
ber 1786 and bounded as follows — viz — begining on the 
North line of the said patent fifteen miles from Kennebec 
River thence, riming Northerly, by the plymouth Companys 
line, three miles and one hundred & twenty eight Rods — 
thence, East or parrallel with the North line of the first 
Range of Townships to Penobscot River — thence, down the 
said River to the North east Corner of the Patent surveyed 
as aforesaid — And the Committee on the subject of Unap- 
propriated Lands in the County of Lincoln are to govern 
themselves accordingly — 

Read and ordered that D r Taylor & General Putnam with 

such as the lion. Senate may join be a Committee to consider 

the subject matter of the foregoing resolve — 

Sent up for Concurrence 

I Warren Spk r 
In Senate Nov r 21, 1787 

Read & Nonconcured S Adams Presid 1 



Protest of Henry Knox. 

The protest of Henry Knox Esq r agent on the Estate of 
the late Thomas Fleecker Esq r appointed by this Common- 
wealth & representative of the heirs of the late Hannah 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 413 

Fleecker deceased, of Samuel & Isaac Winslow (the younger) 
devices of the late Francis Waldo Esq r and of Isaac Winslow 
Executor of the last will of Isaac Winslow Esq 1 * deceas'd 
representing the said heirs of said Isaac — Sets forth That 
for the purpose of ascertaining the bounds of the patent 
granted to Beauchamp & Leverett with the Commonwealth 
the aforesaid protesting persons (representing in their sev- 
eral capacities all the heirs of the late Brigadier General 
Waldo interested in the patent) did enter into a covenant 
with the Commonwealth the first of JSTovem r 1785, under a 
heavy penalty in which covenant, it was expressly stipulated ; 
that there should be confirm'd to the heirs of the late Brig- 
adier Waldo & others interested in the patent granted to 
Beauchamp & Leverett a tract of Land equal to Thirty miles 
Square, they relinquishing all title to any other lands claim'd 
under the said patent than the said thirty miles Square; as 
by reference to the resolve of the hon° court on which this 
agreement was founded will fully appear — That the ground 
of said resolve Viz that an agreement entered into in 1762 
by the then province and proprietors to grant them six miles 
in length on penobscot river at the head of the patent in con- 
sideration of their relinquishing all title to lands to the east- 
ward of said river was not compleated — is a wrong position 
and the persons herein protesting are in fact in possession of 
the said grant fully executed — yet notwithstanding the 
parties hereby protesting were willing to have accepted a tract 
of thirty miles square and did join in the expence of running 
the lines by the persons appointed by the Commonwealth, 
which lines by an error in the Survey do not contain the 
quantity stipulated of thirty miles square (by 39,088 acres) 
meant to be confirm'd to the proprietors — and if submitted 
to, will subject the persons hereby protesting, to the claim 
of a certain body of men interested in the patent known by 
the name of the Ten proprietors and who being indemnified 



Ill DOCUMENTARY EISTOBY 

by the heirs of Brig* "Waldo as aforesaid, acceded to the agree- 
ment proposed by the hon° Court, which said body had their 
hinds located in the patent and at the head of it where by 
the grant of 1762, they had a right to be placed — The per- 
sons m aking this protest having humbly petitioned to have 
the deficiency of the thirty miles square made up to them at 
the head of the patent have had the report of the Committee 
in their favor rejected by the hon le the Senate which they 
the protesters humbly conceive to be an infraction of the 
agreement of jSTovem 1- 1 st 1785. and therefore are constrain'd 
to assert their legal right to the possession of the lands where- 
on the ten proprietors are located and which they are right- 
fully in possession of, the same being survey'd & set off to 
them in 1773 as by the plan hereto annex'd will appear — 
and therefore make this public Protest & cause it to be de- 
livered — to the Committee of the hon° Court for Eastern 
lands to the end that all persons may be warn'd against pur- 
chasing and entering upon the lands so claimed & possess'd 
by the ten proprietors as the protesting persons are determin'd 
to defend them in this their legal possession in all the ways 
wherein property is guarded and defended in peaceable com- 
munities 
Knox 

Isaac Winslow jun for self and Sam 1 Winslow \ 

Isaac Winslow 
Boston 22 d Novern 1- 1788 — 

Sen. 1787 #768 

The Plan of Easterly bounds of land belonging to heirs of 

Sa'iiuel Waldo may be found in collection of Maps and Plans 

Report of Committee on Roads and Action thereon. 

The Committee appointed to consider what Measures are 
necessary to be taken to expidite the Sale & settlement of im- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 415 

appropriated lands in the Counties of York, Cumberland, 
and Lincoln taking into consideration the extent of territory 
the great difficulties for a want of Communication through 
the same in exploring the soil together with many other im- 
portant considerations, are Clearly of opinion that it would 
Greatly facillitate the Sale of those lands to have a road 
opened from the line of Xew Hampshire to Passemaquady 
Bay and also a Road from Penobscott river to Kennebeck 
river and for that purpose ask leave to report the following 
Resolves — 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Xovem r 1787 
Resolved that there be Committees to survey, mark out 
and open a waggon road from Kenebec river near Fort West- 
ern, easterly to Penobscot river about one mile above the 
head of Orfan Island, thence easterly through part of jST° one 
X° two & 1ST seven of the first division of Townships east of 
Penobscot river to the west Line of N° eight of the middle 
divisions of Townships three miles north of the south west 
Corner of the same thence east through the middle as near 
as may be of Townships JST eight nine ten eleven twelve & 
thirteen of the said middle division thence Easterly through 
number twenty three of the East division of Town ships 
thence through the northerly part of Machias to township X" 
thirteen thence easterly thro the same k part of township N° 
nine to the falls on Deneys River, thence as near as may be 
thro' the middle of townships X° two and one, to Passama- 
quoddy Bay, then to begin at the aforesaid Kennebec river 
near said Fort Western, and to run North Westerly thro' the 
plantation of Washington to Sandy river — thence westerly 
as near as may be on a line marked for a road by Dummer 
Sewal and others in the year 1782, to the boundary line be- 
tween this Commonwealth and the State of New Hampshire 



41G DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

also another road from Peiiobscott river to Kenebec river, 
beginning at the month of Sowadabscock Stream from thence 
running west as near as may be thro' the middle of the first 
range of townships north of Waldo's patent to the river 
Sabasticook, from thence to Fort Halifax on Kenebeck river 

And be it further Resolved that the whole expence. arising 
by surveying and clearing said roads ; be defrayed & paid by 
the unappropriated Lands within the limits of that division 
where the same shall be, provided however, that the whole 
Charge shall in no case, exceed one Mile in Depth on one 
side of said Roads — 

and it is further Resolved that the Committee who are or 
may be appointed in the Countyes of York Cumberland & 
Lincoln for the sale of unapropriated Lands, be & they are 
hereby authorized & impowered to Servey & open the Roads 
in their Respective districts Agreably to the foregoing Resolve. 



Resolve — Unlocated lands. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Nov r 21 st 1787 

Whereas it is of great importance to this Commonwealth 
that the Sale & Settlement of the unlocated Lands in the 
Counties of York, Cumberland and Lincoln should be ex- 
pedited & encouraged, as thereby the public Debt may be 
lessened and the means of discharging it encreased by an 
encrease of the population & Wealth of these Counties — 

Resolved, that the Committee hereafter to be appointed 
for the sale of public lands in the Counties aforesiad are here- 
by directed to compleat a plan or plans as soon as may be of 
all the located Lands in the Counties of York, Cumberland 
& Lincoln agreably to said Resolve and under the direction 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 417 

of the said Committee the said Surveyor shall as far as prac- 
ticable mark out the imlocated Lands, in the aforesaid Coun- 
ties, into Townships or platts of six Miles Square — which 
Townships or platts shall be subdivided into lots of one mile 
Square 

Resolved, that there be reserved in each Township four 
Lots of three hundred & twenty Acres each for public Uses 
Viz* one for the first settled Minister, one for the Use of the 
Ministry, One for the Use of Schools & one for the Use of 
public Education in general — 

Eesolved that there be & hereby is appropriated to the 
building of a public Seminary of Learning upon such Condi- 
tions as the Legislature may hereafter direct, a Tract of 
Land of Six Miles Square, to be laid out Northerly of 
Waldo's Patent & as nearly central between the two Rivers 
Kennebec & Penobscot as a good Tract for the purpose may 
be found — 

Eesolved, that any of the Land belonging to this Common- 
wealth in the Counties aforesaid may be sold to any For- 
eigner or Foreigners who shall contract to settle thereon, 
within three years from the purchase, one Family to each 
Mile Square of Land — and Twelve Months residence if any 
Foreigner on said Land shall entitle him to all the privi- 
ledges of a Xatural born Subject of this Commonwealth, on 
his taking the Oath of Allegiance thereto — any Laws or 
Resolves to the contrary notwithstanding — 

Resolved, that each Settler, who settled on any Land be- 
longing to this Commonwealth, before the first Day of Jan- 
uary, 1784 — and shall pay the Committee aforesaid for the 
Use of this Commonwealth, five Spanish Milled Dollars, 
shall receive from them a Certificate of the payment thereof, 
which, shall entitle such settler, his Heirs or Assigns, to One 
Hundred Acres of Land, to be laid out, so as to include his 
Improvements & least detriment the adjoining land — 

28 



418 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Resolved that with such as the honble Senate may join be 
;i ( 'ommittee for the sale of the lands in the Counties afore- 
said — anv two of whom may make sale of the Lands & 
execute Deeds thereof — & that they be allowed Two p r Cent 
Commissions on the Sales for their Trouble 

Resolved that the Committee aforesaid be & they are here- 
by authorized to sell the Lands in such a manner & to appoint 
such Agents under them for that purpose in the several Coun- 
ties — as may be most for the Interest of the Commonwealth 
provided that none of said Lands be sold for less than two 
shillings p r acre in the Consolidated Notes of this Common- 
wealth, if sold in Townships or Tracts of Six Miles Square, 
nor less than three shillings p r acre if sold in smaller Tracts 

Re: Petition of Sam 1 M c Cobb. 

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Nov r 19 th 1787 

On the Petition of Samuel M c Cobb praying for a rehearing 
in a certain cause in which the said Samuel was Plaintiff and 
one John Rogers was Defend 1 

Resolved that the said Samuel M c Cobb notify the said 

Rogers by leaving at his dwelling House an attested Copy of 

the said Petition and this order thereon thirty days at least 

before the third Wednesday of the next sitting of the General 

Court in order that he the said Rogers may then appear and 

shew cause if any he has, why the prayer of the said Petition 

should not be granted and that No Execution consequent 

upon the judgment recovered by the said Rogers against the 

petitioner be issued, and if any such execution has already 

issued upon the said judgment that the same be stayed 

Sent up for concurrence 

I Warren Spk r 
In Senate November 22 d 1787 

Read and noncurred S Adams Presid 1 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 419 

Petition of Samuel M c Cobb. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To the Honourable Senate and House of Representatives of 
said Commonwealth in General Court assembled — 

The Petition of Samuel M c Cobb, Humbly sheweth, 
That your Petitioner commenced against one John Rogers 
an action upon his account tryable at a Court of Common 
pleas, holden at Pownalborough in the County of Lincoln on 
the last Tuesday of September 1786 — That the said Rogers 
filed in his account against the Plaintiffs demand, & after 
sundry continuances the cause was refferred to three Persons, 
before whom the Parties had a hearing in August last but by 
improper evidence fraudulently & correctly admited by the 
Refferrees they adjudged the Ptt to pay the Defendant a con- 
siderable sum of money, which is not due to him upon any 
principal of equity or justice: Your Petitioner therefore 
prays your Honors relief in the matter and that the report 
of the Refferrees may be set aside and your Petitioner may 
be indulged with a new tryal. and Your Petitioner will ever 

pray &c 

Sam 1 M c Cobb 



Certificate of Wm. Lithgow. 

This may certify that I well remember that Samuel M c - 
Cobb Esq r brought an action against one John Rogers at the 
Court of Common Pleas in the County of Lincoln, in the 
year 1786 — that Rogers filed in an Account by way of bal- 
lance to the Plaintiffs demand — that the cause which was 
referred to three Persons came to a hearing last August, 
when it appeared that part of the said Roger's demand was 



420 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

for a quantity of boards which the said M c Cobb had received 
& purchased of other Persons and the demand for the same 
board after the action was commenced, was transferred by 
the creditors of IP M c Cobb to the said Rogers and as M c Cobb 
BUggesta by the influence and collusion of one of the Refferrees 
— that M c Cobb objected to the admission of that part of the 
defend ents demand before the Refferrees but they over-ruled 
the objection & admitted the demand — that M c Cobb sup- 
poses this conduct was fraudulent and partial on the part of 
the Refferrees as he says he carefully proved that previous to 
the said hearing one of the Refferrees asserted that he the 
said ]\I c Cobb would certainly loose the cause and ought to 
loose it — that the said Refferrees reported that M c Cobb 
should pay Rogers a sum of money which including the costs 
amounted (I think) to about £15 .. & that the said report has 
been accepted & judgment rendered thereon 

W m Lithgow Jun r 



Land Lottery Bill. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the Year of our Lord, One thousand seven hundred & 
eighty seven 

An Act — in Addition to an Act entitled "an Act to bring 
into the public Treasury, The Sum of One hundred & Sixty 
three thousand & two hundred pounds in public Securities by 
a Sale of a part of the Eastern Lands & to establish a Lottery 
for that purpose 

Whereas on the drawing of the said Lottery, there re- 
mained two Thousand two hundred & eighty three Tickets 
unsold, which became the property of this Commonwealth and 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 421 

the Sale of which, if continued, there is reason to believe will 
be greater than has hitherto been made, as the present State 
of the Lottery is more favourable to Adventurers, than at the 
first establishing thereof, & whereas it will be for the Interest 
of the Commonwealth & of those who have already been ad- 
venturous to continue the Sale 

Be it enacted by the Senate & House of Representatives in 
General Court assembled & by the Authority of the same — 
That the Secretary deliver to the Managers the Tickets lodged 
with him — & that they continue the sale thereof agreably 
to the Act to which this is an Addition, until the third 
Wednesday in October next, when they shall commence draw- 
ing the Tickets which may be sold & those which may then 
remain unsold — they shall previous to the drawing deposit 
in the Treasurers Office with a list of their Numbers re- 
spectively — 

And to encourage the Sale of the Tickets & settlement of 
the Land 

Be it enacted by the Authority aforesaid, That, if any Ad- 
venturer shall draw Prizes in different Townships, he shall 
have leave to exchange a part of the Lots he may draw for 
others, so as that the Quantity drawn may lay together — & 
those who have already drawn Lots & may hereafter become 
adventurers, shall have leave to exchange the Lots they may 
draw for others adjoining to those they have already drawn, 
provided the said Lots shall not be drawn by other Adven- 
turers but remain the property of this Commonwealth — & 
they shall apply to make the Exchange within three months 
from the drawing of the Lottery 
In Senate March 17, 17S8 

This Bill having had two several readings passed to be 
engrossed — 

Sent down for concurrence 

S Adams Presid 1 



422 DOC I'M K.NI'ARY HISTORY 

Tn the House of Representatives March 20, 1788 

This Bill having had two several Readings the question 
was put whether a time should be assigned for the third Read- 
ing thereof, and passed in the negative 

I Warren Spk r 



Committees to visit towns, in re Resolve for methodizing 

Accounts. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Nov 22 d 1787 
Resolved that there be a Committee appointed to Repair to 
the several Towns that appear to be Delinquent in Returning 
there Vouchers Receipts or other Evidence of Bounties and 
other Expences by Classes or Individuals, with the Resolve of 
the General Court, (Published by the Committee for Method- 
izing Public accounts on the fifth of November 1787) Re- 
questing them to Exhibit there accounts to the Committee 
aforesaid to Enable them to Charge the same to the United 
States and that be a Committee to 

Call on the Delinquent Towns in Suffolk and 
be a Committee to Repair to the Towns in 

Essex County and be a Committee to 

Call on Towns in Middlesex and be a 

Committee to Call on Town in Hampshire and 
be a Committee to Call on Towns in Plimouth 
and be a Committee to Call on Towns in 

Bristol and be a Committee to Call on 

Towns of Barnstable and be a Committee 

to Call on Towns in Worcester and be a 

Committee to Call on the County of York and 
be a Committee to Call the Town of Lincoln and 
be a Committee to Call on the Towns in Berkshire and the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 423 

Committees aforesaid are Directed to Repair to the Delin- 
quant Towns in there Districts with the Resolves Published 
as aforesaid and Request there Compliance with the said Re- 
solves and if the Selectmen iSTeglect or Refuse to make out 
and Exhibit the accounts to the Committee aforesaid 



Resolve for Discharging the Committee for sale of Eastern 

Lands. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Novem r , 24, 1787 

Whereas two of the Committee on the subject of eastern 
lands belonging to this Commonwealth have resigned, and it 
will be inconvenient for the remainder of said committee to 
proceed further in the business of their appointment; there- 
fore 

Resolved, 

That the Committee on the subject of the Eastern lands 
belonging to this Commonwealth, appointed the 28 th day of 
October 1783, be, and they hereby are discharged from any 
further attention to the business aforesaid. 
Nov 24, 1787 

Ordered that D r Taylor M r Clarke & D r Manning be a 
Committee to consider the propriety of Discharging the 
Com tee for sale of the Eastern Lands & report 



Petition of Penobscot 

Commonwealth Massachusetts 

The Honorable the Senate and House of Representatives in 
General Court Assembled — 
The Memorial and Petition of us the Subscribers Inhabi- 
tants Setlers on a Plantation Called and Knowm by the name 
of Xew Worcester in the County of Lincoln Humbly Sheweth 



i_'l i,(k IM i:\TAKY 1IISTOEY 

Thai your Memorialists being setled on that Tract of Land 
Which Was Sold and Deeded by Government to Moses Knap 
Esq r and bis associates and by that Means Brought into Grate 
Difficulty ; beg your Honours Indulgence Whilst we enter into 
the Merita of it. We Would Remind your Honours that we 
are Sensible of our Neglect in Xot Makeiug application for 
the Lands before it was sold. We Would Remind your Hon- 
ours that the Lands WhereoD We are Settled Were not ad- 
vertised Among us that we Never had Notes that the Lands 
were Notified for sail until! they ware sold we Cannot Con- 
ceive we Are allone to blame; the Lands aught to have been 
Notified among us which Was not Done Which we also Con- 
ceive A Neglect — 

We would Remind your Honours that your Petitioners 
have been at Grate Expence in sending agents to Setle in our 
behalf (Viz) John Brewer & Simeon Fowler) to Contract 
and setle With your Honours Committee on the subject of 
unappropriated Lands in s d County and s d Brewer and Fowler 
Ware under the Necessity of Comeing into an agreement with 
.Moses Knap Esq r and his associates Bareing Date 22 d of 
M arch L786 and also by a Resolve of the General Court Bare- 
ing Date 23 of March 1786 wherein s d Brewer & Fowler in 
Behalf of them Selves and your Petitioner ware oblige to 
Give their security to the Treasurer of this Commonwealth 
for the Payment of £3000 in the Consolodated Notes of this 
Government to obtain the Lands whareon your Petitioners 
ware setled Which was the best Terms Could be obtained at 
that Time. 

We Would further Remind your Honours we have Seen 
and Considered the Deed Given by your Honours Committee 
to s d Brewer & Fowler in Consequence of that Resolve Where- 
are oblige to Pay So Large a Sum for our Land. 

With great Difference we Look upon it that we are oblige 
to Pay S,. Large a Sum as one Thousand Pounds in specie 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 425 

when at the Same time other Setlers "Where Setlements have 
been made under the Proprietors: 

(Viz) Jonathan Eddy Esq r BucksTown N° 2 and N°3 Now 
Penobscot; are oblig to Pay but thirty Shillings Specie for 
Eich Hundred acres — Where Seperate Improvements have 
been made; and your Petitioners are oblige by s d Deed to 
Pay ; sum five Pounds ; in specie and others fourteen Pounds 
thirteen shillings & six Pence for Eich Hundred Acres he 
shall Hold 

We Would Remind your Honours that we are all Poor and 
hard Put to it for a subsistance for our famileys by Reason 
of the Newness of the Country and the Scarcity of Money that 
If we are oblige to Pay for our Lands according to the Deed 
our families Must Come to Want and the Settlement be 
brooken up. 

Therefore your Petitioners Humbly Pray your Honours 
Would take This our Verry Great Grievance into your Wise 
Consideration and Grant us Releaf by Relinquishing So 
much of the obligation Given by our Agents to the Treasurer 
of this Commonwealth as will set us on a footing With Setlers 
of the Townships before Mentioned and your Petitioners as 
in Dutie Bound Will Ever Pray 
New Worcester on Penobscot River the 7 Jen r 1788 
James Ginn, John Rider, 

Joseph Baker, John Rider Juner, 

Benjamin Snow, John Thorns, 

Ephraim Downs, William Thorns, 

01iv r Doane, Thomas Campbell, 

Jesse Attwood, Bryant Bradley, 

George Brooks, Joseph Mansell, 

Peter Sangster, John Mansell, 

Moses Rogers, Emerson Orcutt, 

Solomon Sweat, George Gardner, 

Samuel Wiswell, Solomon Harthorn, 



I Jl". DOCTM 1 XTAKY HISTOKY 

David Wiswell, Robart Treat, 

Thomas Dean. Ebenezer Whiddon, 

John Tibbets, Robert MTordey, 

Jolm Hutchins, James Shirley, 

John Emery, Thomas Smith, 

Eenry Kenney, Moses Wentworth, 

Jolm Holyoke, Asa Downs, 

Andrew Maykew, Nathaniel Gould 



Bound 8 of the Toion of Neiv Gloucester. 

Pursuant to a Eesolve of the General Court passed Novem- 
ber twentieth one thousand seven hundred and eighty seven 
we herein Exhibit the Boundaries of the Town of New 
Gloucester as the same were fixed upon by a Committee of the 
1 Leral ( lourl in November, one thousand seven hundred and 
sixty two, and as the same were again Confirmed by the In- 
corporation of the Town on the eighth day of March, one 
thousand seven hundred and seventy four, which is as follows 
viz Beginning at a Stake and heap of stones in North Yar- 
mouth hack line (seven miles and twenty six rods from the 
most westerly corner of North Yarmouth) in the most easterly 
corner of the plantation formerly called new Boston, now 
called Gray, and from thence upon Northyarinouth back 
line Northeast to the extent of it, and the same course con- 
tinued beyond it untill the measure of four miles & a half 
ami thirty eight rods in the whole is compleated, to a Beach 
tree marked the course North thirty three Degrees and forty 
five minutes West, with an heap of Stones about it, Also from 

d Stake and heap of stones Xorth forty five degrees west 
Beven miles and a half (by the nedle) thence North forty 
live degrees East by the needle untill a line North thirty three 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 427 

degrees and forty five minutes West from the aforesaid Beach- 
tree intersects it. 

We would Inform that the before mentioned Committee, 
Did not actually run the hed line from the Westerly Corner 
& therefore the northerly corner was not made by them, but 
it was run about three years ago by order of the Courts Com- 
mittee for the sale of lands in the County of Cumberland — 
who ordered it to be run paralel with the foot line which is 
found by the variation of the Compass to be Xoth forty three 
drees East in stead of Notheast & the line was run Accord- 
ingly & the northerly Corner made to their & our satisfaction. 
And M r Titcomb who is serveyer for the Courts Committee 
for the sale of Eastern — ran & measured upon the same line 
and allowed it to be right last fall. But M r Allexander 
Shepherd jun r is striving to bring his Grant as low down as 
he can and therefore is aiming to have the said head line run 
Xoatheast by the needle without making the two degrees 
allowance for the variation which will cut us short in our 
measure, and which we shall dispute as we judge we have 
a right to the same course at the hed for Xotheast that we 
are obliged to take at the foot. 

We have not heard any Dispute about the Bounds of the 
Town since the year 1762 only relating to the running of the 
aforesaid hed line. — 

Isaac Parsons, \ Committee of 
Simon Xoyes, \ the Property of 
Eben r Mason ) said town. 

ISTath 1 Eveleth, \ Selectmen 

Sam 1 Pearse, of said New 

John Merrill ) Gloucester 

New Gloucester, Jenuary 25 th 1788. 

To be laid before the General Court or their Committee on 
the second Wednesday of the next setting of said Court. 



-1l>s documentary history 

Canaan Petition fur Abatement of Taxes. 

To the Senate & House of Representatives in General Court 
assembled 

The petition of the Inhabitants of Canaan Plantation — 

Humbly Sheweth 

That your petitioners have often represented to this hon- 
ourable Court their poverty & utter inability to pay the various 
tax bills the Court has sent them, & have as often prayed for a 
release from them and exemption from future taxes, till we 
Shall be able to pay. We have also as often laid before this 
Court a large Statement of facts which demonstrate our in- 
ability to pay, which we are sure were there a Committee 
from the Court on the Spot, the could not but be convinced of 
the 1 rath of. But being loth to take up the time of the Court 
with a repetition of those facts, we have put a Statement of 
them into the hand of our agent to exhibit, if the Court will 
indulge bim therein. We have rested our whole plea for a 
discharge from taxes hitherto, on our inability, wishing rather 
to act as Suppliants than to plead the bill of rights. We wish 
to rest the matter Still on the same principle, and earnestly 
Sollicit Compassion, as the demanding said taxes, would ut- 
terly brake up this plantation. 

That in 1783 executions were issued against us, but on ap- 
plication to the Court, they were Stayed — that in 1785 they 
were issued again for the same bill on a general order of the 
Court; but were again recalled, as being issued beside the 
intention of the Court — that in 1787, they were again, by a 
like general resolve, issued, & were served on us a few weeks 
ago, k we put to great Charge & Costs ; & we Suppose by a 
like error, 

We therefore pray this hon ble Court to Compassionate our 
case, & grant us a final discharge from the former bills sent 
us, & an exemption from future taxes till we Shall be able to 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 429 

pay, or at least make large abatements in them, & order the 
remainder to be laid out in making & mending the roads & 
bridges in this place, & other necessary publick charges. 
And your petitioner as in duty bound Shall ever pray 
Nath 1 Whitaker, John White, 
Sol n Clark, William Steward 

Peter Heywood, 
Dated Canaan February the 4-1788 



Com tee for 
Canaan 



In re Township No. 6. 

At a Meeting of the Proprietors of the Township N° six lying 
in the County of Lincoln at the Eastward of Mount Desart or 
Union River, holden at Portland Feb. 6. 1788 

M r Peter Woodbury — Moderator 

Voted 

That an Agent be appointed to prefer a Petition to the 
General Court praying them to release said Proprietors from 
paying the Sum of £ 1250 required by their Resolve of the 21 
June 1785 — 

Samuel Freeman Esq. was accordingly chosen — 

Voted. That a Committee be appointed to sign said Peti- 
tion — 

The Committee appointed were 

M r John Armstrong, David Strout Esq Sam'l Freeman Esq. 

Att Sam 1 Freeman Cler 
Peter Woodbury Moderator 



In re Township No. ]+. 

At a Meeting of the Proprietors of the Township 1ST four ly- 
ing in the County of Lincoln at the Eastward of Union River 
holden at Portland on the sixth day of February A. D. 1788 



430 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

M r Peter Woodbury Moderator Voted. That an Agent 
be appointed to prefer a Petition to the General Court, pray- 
ing them to release said Proprietor from payment of the sum 
of £2150 required by their Resolve of the 21 June 1785 
Samuel Freeman Esq was accordingly chosen — 
Voted — That a Committee be appointed to sign said Peti- 
tion — The Committee appointed were Capt. Cary McLellan 
M r George Deake, Mr Peter Woodbury 

Att Sam 1 Freeman Cler 
Peter Woodbury Moderator 

In re Toivnsliip No. 5. 

At a Meeting of the Proprietors of the Township ~N° five lying- 
in the County of Lincoln at the Eastward of Union River, 
holden at Portland on the sixth day of February A. D. 1788 

M r Peter Woodbury Moderator 

Voted — That an Agent be appointed to prefer a Petition 
to the General Court praying them to release said Proprietors 
from paying the Sum of £1250 required by their Resolve of 
the 21 June 1785 

Samuel Freeman Esq was accordingly chosen — 

Voted — That a Committee be appointed to sign said Peti- 
tion — The Committee appointed were 

David Strout Esq Mes rs Peter Woodbury George Deake 

Att Sam 1 Freeman Cler 

Peter Woodbury Moderator 

Petition of Plantation of Norridgwalk. 

To the Hon rah] e Senate and house of Represetatives In Gen- 
eral Court Assembled 
The Petition of the Plantation of Norridgwalk Humbly 
Sheweth that whereas the Honoured Court we believe through 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 431 

Miss information or for want of acquaintance with your Peti- 
tioners low Circumstances have Sent Several Tax-bils to this 
Plantation — which if the II d Court fully understood your 
Petitioners poverty and the Disadvantages they labour under, 
in lue of Calling for taxes the Court would view their Peti- 
tioners with an Eye of grief and pitty as Misfortanate or- 
phans. 

Fatal ISTecessaty not Cureosity Brought the greatest part of 
the Inhabitants into this Cold Distant and uncultivated "Wil- 
derness, And the Small and unprofitable Beginnings we have 
made have been attend with almost Enuneduable Disadvan- 
tages — And while we have Viggarusly Exarted our Selve to 
the best purposes we Could under our Circumstances to Sup- 
poart our Families altho but a poor and reched Subsistance we 
have gained suffering both hunger and Cold and we may say 
with great propryety we have been in the want of all things 
And since your Petitioners are Destitute of Money was Corn 
and grain as plenty as it is Scerce yet being Destitute of a 
Conveniant Road and the markets Being at such a masing 
Distance and likewise being obliged to make up of water 
carages and by reason of falls and the river in many places 
being very Reppid we are not only in Danger of loosing our 
Loading but our lives also by Carrying our grain to market. 

If therefore your Petitioners are obliged to pay the taxes 
that have been sent for your Petit rs must Immediately Quit 
their Habitation and flee again to the Berron Wood for 
Sheltre. — 

Therefore your Petiti rs Humbly pray the Honoured Court 
would grant your Petiti rs the Privelage of Working out their 
rates in making Roads among them Selves and your Petition- 
ers as in Duty Bound Shall Ever pray 
John Heald, Seth Spaulding, 

Thomas Heald, John Spaulding, 

John Clarke, Will™ Spaulding, 



432 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Levi Procter, Simon Peirce, 

John Longlov. David Peirce, 

Josiali Spaulding, Calven Peirce, 

Eleazer Spalding, David Peirce jun r , 

Obadiah Witherill, Thorn 6 Whitcomb, 

Zachariah Longuley, Charles Whitcomb, 

Josiah Warren Josiah Ileald, 

Charles Witherell, Luther Peirce, 

Eleazer Spaulding jun r , Amos Adams 

This may Certify that M r Isaac Russel is Imployed by the 
Inhabitents of JSTorridgwalk Plantation to go the Court at 
Boston upon the Business of geting the Plantation Incorpo- 
rated — Attest John Clarke Clerk for S d Norridgwalk Feb r 
6th 1788 — Plantation 



Depositions in re Georgetown. 

The depositions of John Stinson Esq r and Captain John 

White of Georgetown declare, that they together with M r 

Francis Wyman were Assessors for said Town for the Year 

1781, and that neither they, nor the said Wyman to their 

knowledge ever received any tax act respecting the New 

Emission Tax, nor any authority for the assessing the same 

Tax upon the Inhabitants of said Town, nor do they recollect 

to have heard that the said Tax Act was ever received by any 

Person or Persons within or belonging to the same Town 

George Town Feb y 9 th 1788 

John Stinson, 

John White 

Lincoln ss Feb y 9 th 1788 There personally appeared the 
above named John Stinson Esq. and Captain John White and 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 433 

made Oath to the truth of the above Deposition by them sub- 
scribed before me 

W ra Lithgow Jun. J Pacis 

The deposition of Francis Wyman declares that he with the 
above named John Stinson Esq r and Cap. John White was an 
assessor of Georgetown for the year 1781 and that he never re- 
ceived any Tax act for the new Emission Tax nor never knew 

of the said Tax act being in Town 

Francis Wyman 

Lincoln Ss May 13 th 1788 There personally appeard the 

above named Francis Wyman and made solemn oath that the 

above declaration by him subscribed is the truth & nothing but 

the truth before me 

W m Lithgow Jun r Just pacis 



Standish Feb 4, 1788 
To the Honorable Senate and the Honorable House of 
Representatives 
The Petition Gideon Philbrick Humbly Sheweth 
That your Petitioner has ever made it his Endeavour to 
lead a Quiet Life as becomes a Peaceable Member of Society, 
nor has any Person ever Accused him of OrTending against 
the Laws of his Country till Some Time in March last. — 
Your Petitioner being in company with one Edmund Mussey 
who was charged by a Sister of your Petitioner of being the 
Mother of the Child of which she was Pregnant and proposing 
to the s d Mussey to Make up the Matter without any unneces- 
sary Expence — The s d Mussey instead of a Friendly com- 
position treated your Petitioner as he conceived with the 
highest Degree of abuse — And Intimated that the Child 
when it shou'd Come might be a Black, with many other 

29 



lo! DOCUMEN I'AKV HISTORY 

expressions of Ignominy mid Bitter Reproach — Altho at 
the Bame time he pretended not to Deny his being the Father 
of the Child. — Your Petitioner with the most unfeigned Sor- 
row humbly confesses that being Deeply wounded by the 
Dishonor Done to his Father's House and to his Sister in 
Perticular — your Petitioner did Say to the said Mussey in 
the Anguish of his Heart. — That if he wou'd take a Gun or 
Sword or Pistol and go into the Field one or the other should 
be Dispatched before we return.— Your Petitioner by no 
Means will Attempt to Justify — He is convinced that the 
Law is Just and good which forbids every kind of threatning 
Language and would even shudder at the thought of shedding 
the Blood of one of his Fellow Men He confesses himself 
utterly to blame for the words spoken — And is convinced 
that he never harboured such a thought for the space of one 
Minute. — And is resolved to guard for the future with the 
greatest attention not his Actions only but his Word also — 
And being encouraged to hope that those who Confess and 
forsake their Faults shall find Mercy — Earnestly prays the 
Honorable Legislature — That the Words Spoken may be 
forgiven and that he may be restored to the Favour and 
Friendship of his Fellow Citizens and your Petitioner as in 

Duty bound shall ever Pray 

Gideon Philbrick 

I the subscriber was present with Gideon Philbrick and 
Edmon Mussey some time in March last and heard s d Phil- 
brick propose to the s d Mussey To make up respecting the 
charge of his sister against s d Mussey as above mentioned. 
S d Mussey did not pretend to deny his being the father of 
the Child but used many provoking Exasperations as that 
The child When it should come it might be a Black one and 
it' the child should be a boy if he Would Not be in a passion 
perhaps he Would Call it after his unkel mening Gideon and 
other language after the same Purpose 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 435 

And I heard the s d gideon tell s d mussey that if He Would 
tack a gun or Sword or pestol and go out Into the field one 
or the other Should be Dispatched before we return — 

The Subscribers have lived With in one half Mile of s d 
Philbrick as much as 15 years and never heard of his offend- 
ing any Parson either by Word or action in any one Instance 

Except the above 

Simeon Sanborn 



Cumberland Ss Feb 4, 1788. 

Simeon Sanborn made Solemn oath to the above Declara- 
tion by him subscribed. 

Before Me 

Josiah Thacher Justice Pacis. 



Cumberland Ss. Feb y 11 th 1788 
I do hereby certify that Gideon Philbrick of the Town of 
Standish in County of Cumberland sustains the Charecture 
of Moral and inafencive young man 

John Deane Just Pacis 



Standish February 4, 1788 — 
We the Subscribers Inhabitants of the Town of Standish 
In the County of Cumberland Solemnly Declare that we 
have been accquainted with Gideon Philbrick of this Town 
for many years — And that we have ever esteemed him a 
Person of a Sober Inoffensive Peaceable and Regular Con- 
duct and Conversation — That we know of no young Person 
Who Better Deserves the Character of a Good Member of 
Society- — That we never knew or heard of his Quarreling 
with any Person; or using any Quarrelsom threatning or 
improper Language on any Occasion whatever unless what 



436 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



has been said of a Dispute between him and Edmund Mussey 
in the affair of his Sister's charging said Mussey of being 
the Father of her child which s d Mussey has since Settled by 
a Reference and Supports the child — 
David Richardson, 



Moses Richardson, 
Moses Tucker, 
Thomas Cannel, 
Jonathan Richardson, 
John Yates, 
Ebenezer Shaw, 
James Moody, 
James Hasty, 
Josiah Shaw, 
Caleb Rowe, 
David Sanborn, 
Jeremiah Sanborn, 
Joseph Shaw, 



Sargant Shaw, 
Philip Cannell, 
Daniel Harmon, 
Charles Hall, 
John Decker, 
Joseph Butter field, 
Joshua Moody, 
Silas Whetcomb, 
Jonathan Lowell, 
Ephraim Rowe, 
Benjamin Swett, 
Robert Rowe 



Selectmen Vassalboro' Petition. 

To the Honorable the Senate and house of Representatives in 
General Coart Assembled — 
the Petition of Vassalborough in the County of Lincoln 
(by their select men) humbly sheweth that being strongly 
Agitated with an Idea of the impending difficulty that is 
shortly to overtake s d town in Consequence of a Verry heavy 
tax for our quota of Beef for the year 1783 to the amount of 
£235 :4 a Sum we are altogether unable to Pay & have al- 
ways ]STourish d a hope that we Should not have ben Called 
upon for it as many of our Neighbouring Towns more able 
then we have ben Exempted — our Local Situation; the 
Embarassments we were Perticularly Subjected to in the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 437 

Late War the Repeated Scouts we were oblig d to send out in 
our own Defence and at our own Expence all the time the 
Enemy were at Ponobscut were Circomstances that im- 
bolden'd us to hope that we should have ben Exempted (at 
Least) -as Soon as another — our Town is new our Roads in- 
tolerable our People Poor ; Seven other Executions togeather 
with the Execution for the above named Sum we are now 
Strenuously Exerting ourselves to Pay we their fore Pray 
your Honors to abate the above mentioned Sum or otherwise 
Grant us Liberty to Lay it out on our Roads which have ben 
hitherto almost totally Neglected nor have we (as many other 
towns have done) Rec d any assistance from the Plymouth 
Comp y for that Purpose Notwithstanding they own nearly 
one half of the town and your Petitioners as in Duty bound 
shall Ever Pray &c 

Obadiah Williams, \ c , 

Selectmen 

Dennes Getchel, } Tr ni 

\ Vassal boro 

Ebenezer Moore / 
Dated Vassalborough Feb 1- 8 th 1788 



Petition of Lewiston. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts \ 

To the honorable Senate and house of Representatives In 
General Court assembled 
The Petition of the Subscribers in behalf of the Plantation 
of Lewiston humbly sheweth that, we conceive it was the in- 
tention of the Legislature, as appears by a resolve passed 
March 3. 1787 to abate all Taxes against said Plantation prior 
to the year 1784, but by some mistake or inattention of the 
Treasurer there is still charged against the Plantation the sum 
of one hundred and twenty Pounds — which we are at present 
unable to Pay 



438 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

"We therefore pray your honors to take the premises into 
your wise and Fatherly consideration, and abate the same to 
your dutifull & needy Petitioners, who as in duty bound will 
ever pray — 

John Herrick, ) Committee 
John Larrabee, | of Lewiston 
John Daggett 
Lewiston Plantation Feb y 12, 1788 



Representation of the Comptroller General. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts February 20 th 1788 
To the Honorable the Senate & the Honorable the House of 
Representatives in General Court assembled — 

The Comptroller General respectfully represents 

That the Naval Office for the Port of Portland having be- 
come vacant, soon after the recess of the General Court by the 
death of Thomas Childs Esq, I appointed Mr Nathan 1 
Fadre Fosdick to discharge the Duties thereof until the Legis- 
lature shall confirm him or appoint another in his stead. 

I represented to your Honours, the last Sessions, that the 
Office of Collector of Impost & Excise was vacant, M r James 
Avery whom you appointed thereto in June last having de- 
clined serving, as the vacancy was not filled up by your 
Honors, I appointed M r Richard Hunnewell of Penobscot to 
the Office — 

I am informed by the Collector of the Port of Boston that 
there are many Bonds in the office which were given to secure 
the Impost on Goods imported into this State, but owned by 
Citizens of other States, as those Goods were exported to the 
States where the Owners lived, a petition was presented to 
the Legislature that the Bonds might be given up, but the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 439 

Consideration of this Petition being referred over to another 
Session and Provision being made in the last Import Act that 
Goods in the like predicament should be exempted from Im- 
post, it is presumed, that the Legislature did not design those 
Bonds should operate against the Obligers, and if so, is it not 
expedient that a Resolve be passed for their being cancelled on 
satisfactory Proof that the Goods were exported & landed in 
some other State ? — 

By the present Excise Act, Excised Articles exported are 
to be bonded, but as in some cases the legal Proofs for can- 
celling the Bonds cannot be obtained, although other ample 
proof may be produced of the Goods being landed to be con- 
sumed out of this Commonwealth, and as to insist on the legal 
proof, would, in all such Cases, be to prohibit exportation the 
expediency of making some provision to remove the difficulty 
is respectfully suggested — 

It being, I humbly conceive the Wish of the Legislature to 
secure the Revenue by preventing, rather than to increase it 
by detecting, the Crime of Smugling. I beg leave to mention 
the necessity of appropriating so much of the Seizure to the 
informer & Seizing Officer as shall induce a vigilance in de- 
tecting of Frauds. 

As it is the Duty of the Comptroller, on the one hand, to 
point out such Alteration in the Acts as shall most effectually 
secure the Revenue, so it being equally, as I conceive, his duty 
to shew, on the other hand, where the Subject is unnecessarily 
burthened, I beg leave to represent, that as the Act at present 
stands, the Importer of excised Articles is to give Bond, pre- 
vious to the unlading of the Goods, which is to be cancelled 
by an Excise Bond to be given when the Goods are weighed 
& gauged ; and he is also in three months from the date of his 
Excise Bond to pay the Excise on produce Certificates for 
what he may have disposed of to execute the Law, according 



440 DOCUMENTARY HISTOEY 

to the letter of it, is attended with great trouble & incon- 
venience to the importer — it would relieve him & the Rev- 
enue be more effectually secured, if he was obliged to sign the 
Weigher & Gaugers Book & to account at stated quarterly 
periods — 

All which is humbly submitted 

Leo Jar vis Comp Gen 



Petition of Raymondstown. 

The Hon ble Senate and House of Representatives in General 
Court Assembled 
The Petition of the Plantation of Raymondstown in the 
County of Cumberland, begs leave to shew, that on, or about 
the latter end of May last we received a Resolve of the Gen 
Court of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts Dated Feb- 
ruary 27 th 1787, authorising & Directing us that some time 
in the Months of March or April next proceeding to proceed 
to choose assessors & Quallify them according to Law to take 
a Valuation of the Polls & Ratable property in said Planta- 
tion upon the Systim of the Last establish'd Schedules in 
Said Commonwealth, we beg leave further to Notice that 
although the time was expired in which our Authority de- 
pended before we Received said Resolve, and after advising 
with such persons as we thought was best able to direct us 
in the Matter was advised notwithstanding to Call a Meeting 
of Said Plantation & proceed as is directed in said Resolve 
In Consequence of which the Said Plantation duly assembled 
& Elected three Suitable persons as assessors who after being 
duly quallify'd proceeded to take a Valuation of Said Planta- 
tion according to the Requisition of Said resolve, which we, 
(Together with this petition) beg Leave to present — We 
beg leave further to Notice that we feel Conscious that we 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 441 

cannot be justified in our proceedings with refference to the 
time appointed in said resolve as is before noticed, which 
has been the Occasion of the Delay in our returns; neither 
should we attempted it under Such circumstances, did not 
we conceive that y e state of our affairs demanded an Imme- 
diate attention thereunto, & the good of the commonwealth 
require it — With refferance to the Statement of our Small 
Valuation List we suppose in some Instances we Appear In- 
consistant. Our Mowing Land Inadequate Is our Stock, in 
which case we beg leave to reply, that we are necessitated to 
purchase a supply of that article of the neighbouring Towns 
another Instance perhaps in Our dwelling houses In which 
we beg leave to Inform the Hon ble Court that our places in 
which we dwell are chiefly Hutts built with round logs, & but 
one within the plantation that can with propriety be said to 
be called a House or to the Value of five pound — as to wood 
Land we entred upon our List we would further Notice that 
as we have No Market for our Wood that article cannot be of 
any Value as we are Obliged to burn it on our Land as we 
Clear it — 

We beg leave to further Shew that we Understand that the 
Said Valluation is Intended to discover to the Hon ble Court 
the Circumstances & abillity of the said plantation to Answer 
the previous demands of Government which stands against 
us as well as future. In which Valuation the Hon bIe Court 
will observe the State of Individual Interests and be able to 
Judge of their circumstances and how far it is possible that 
may be Able from their Small Incomes to contribute towards 
the defreying of the public charges, especially when it is 
Considered the Inconveniences the Plantation is attended 
with in regard to Its Uncultivated State & Infancy. Our 
Soil is but Indifferent & produces but Little when Manured 
to the best in consequence of which the Inhabitants are 
Necessitated to buy the Greater part of Our Provision, we 



1 ll' DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

are so remote, & our roads so bad that it is with the Greatest 
difficulty we can get to market, our Lumber which is our 
Staple commodity of commerse is so Low that it will not pay 
for the Transportation — we therefore conceive that when 
our real abillities and Circumstances are duly weighed it will 
evidently Appear that It must be Impossible for us to pay 
the demands without reducing the Inhabitants to the Neces- 
sity of part in- with all the Movable property they are pos- 
sessed off & perhaps drvien to seek a Living in some Other 
part of the world — we feell ourselves willing & ready to Im- 
part our Share at all times to the Support of Government 
whenever the necessities of our families will any way admit, 
we therefore Humbly Submit these considerations to the 
Hon ble Court, declaring at the Same time that what is here 
presented is as near our circumstances as we are able to re- 
late hoping that such attention will be had thereon & that the 
Hon ble court will be pleased to Grant us such relief as our 
Cause Justly Merrits, which we in duty bound shall ever 

pray — 

Lewis Gay Jn° Cash [ Committee 
Raymondtown February 26 th 1788 



Petition of Town of Scarborough. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To the Honorable Senate & Honorable House of Representa- 
tives in General Court Assembled February 27 th 1788 — 
The Petition of William Thompson William Southgate 
and Ebenezer Libby Committee of the Town of Scarborough 
in the County of Cumberland, in behalf of said Town 
Humbly Sheweth that by Several Laws of said Common- 
wealth j»;issed in the Years 1780 & 1781 Said Town was 
called upon for their Proportion of a Large Quantity of 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 443 

Beef, a Considerable part of which was Collected and paid 
to David Xoyes Agent to the Superintendent of Purchases 
for Said County, and agreeable to a further Resolve of said 
General Court Said Town Voted and assessed on the In- 
habitants of said Towns a sum of mones sufficient to fully 
compleat said Requisitions which said money was collected 
and paid to the Treasurer of said Town before the 14 th of 
June 1781, and by the salesmen of said Town was offered 
at the said Agents office in Portland on the 20 th of the same 
month, but the said Agent being from home said money was 
not Received by him still remains in the Treasury of said 
Town of Scarborough, & said Town have since raised and 
paid to the Treasurer of said Commonwealth the whole of 
the Deficiency of the said Beef Requisetions, and whereas the 
said Superintendant and his Agents were Authorized by a 
Resolve of the said General Court to Receive the Bills of 
Credit of the United States at a Certain rate in Lieu of said 
Beef untill the 13 th of May 1781 and by Another Resolve of 
the General Court aforesaid passed the 14 th of June following 
said Agents were Authorized to Receive said Money at its 
Real Value Your Petitioners therefore Conceive that as said 
Town did seasonably Vote & assess said money and collect 
& pay the same to the Treasurer of said town & the said Town 
by their select men did all in their Power towards paying 
the same to the said Agent they Aught not to have been called 
upon afterwards to pay the same in Hard money save only 
such Part thereof as was Eaqual to the Depreciation of Said 
Bills of credit from the 13 th of May to the 20 th of June afore- 
said for as the old currency aforesaid was offered by the 
selectmen of said Town on the 20 th of June at the Agents 
office and as it was not the Town's fault that the said Agent 
was not in his office to Receive the same agreable to the said 
Resolve of the 14 th of June we conceive the said money 
ought to be considered as being in the Agent's Hands in 



444 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

which case the agent would have paid the same to the Treas- 
urer of the Common Wealth and the Town in that case must 
have heen credited for the same Your Patrons therefore 
Pray that the Treasurer of this Commonwealth may he 
Authorized to Receive of the Treasurer of said Town the 
aforesaid Bills of Credit of the United States Amounting in 
the whole to the sum of Eighteen Thousand Six Hundred 
and fifty seven Pounds twelve shillings, and may Likewise 
be authorized and Directed to pay to the Treasurer of said 
Town & for the Towns Use the whole of the Money Assessed 
and Paid by the Inhabitants of Said Town as their Deficiency 
for the Several Requisitions of Beef in the years 1780 & 
1781 together with the Poundage and other charges paid by 
said Town on the Treasurer's Execution Issued against said 
town for said Deficiency Excepting such part thereof as is 
Eaqual to the Depreciation between the said 13 th of May and 
the 20 th of June And your Petitioner as in Duty Bound 
will Ever Pray &c. 

W" Tompson, Robert Southgate Eben r Libby j- 

Committee of Scarboro 



Report on Scarboro Petition. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Jan y 26, 1789 

On the Petition of W m Thompson, Robert Southgate and 
Eben r Libby Committee of the Town of Scarboro praying that 
the Treasurer of the Commonwealth be directed to receive of 
s d Town a certain Quantity of Continental Bills and to pay 
to said Town a Sum in Specie for the same for reasons set 
forth in said Petition. 

Resolved That the Treasurer of this Commonwealth be 
and he hereby is impowered and directed to receive of the 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 445 

said Town of Scarboro' Eighteen thousand pounds in bills 
of the old Continental Currency and to credit said Town of 
Scarboro' two Hundred and twenty seven pounds towards 
said Towns proportion of Tax Number Six, provided said 
Continental Bills are paid into the Treasury within three 
months from the passing this resolve 
Sent up for concurrence 

Theodore Sedgwick Spk r 
In Senate Feb 7 17, 1789 — 

Read and Nonconcurred. 



Treasurer s Receipt. 

Treasury Office January 16, 1789 
This Certifies that an Execution was issued by the late 
Treasurer Thomas Ivers Esq r deceased, against the Town of 
Scarborough, for a deficiency on Beef Taxes, the Sum of 
Three hundred & seventeen pounds fourteen shillings ; which 
Execution was on the second day of November 1787 Re- 
turned me Satisfied in full 

Attest Alex Hodgdon Treas r 



Affidavit of Sam 1 Harmon Jun r 

The Deposition of Samuel Harmon jun r testifies and saith 

that I was Chosen Colector in the Town of Scarborough in the 

year 1780 and Receiv d a List of the assesment of Said Town 

a beef Tax to Colect and my part of the Eighteen thousand 

pounds Now in our Treasure. I Colected and paid in before 

the 14 th Day of June 1781 

Sam 1 Harmon Jun r 



I }»; D0CUMEN 1 AKY HISTORY 

Cumberland as. Scarborough Juno 7'" 1785 — 

The above aamed Samuel Harmon jun r Personally ap- 

pearing made oath to the truth of the above Deposition by 

him signed. — before 

Joshua Fabyan jus. Peace 



Affidavit of Dennis Marr. 

The Deposition of Dennis Marr testifies and says that I 

was a Collecter in the town of Scarbrough in the year 1780 

and that I Receved a list of the assessors of sa d town a beef 

Tax to cnlict and niv Part of the Eighteen thousand pound 

now in our Treasure I colected and paid In before the 14 of 

June 1781 

Dennis Marr 



Cumberland ss 2 d June 1785 
then Dennis Marr Personally appearing made Oath to the 
Truth of the above writen by him subscribed before 

W m Tompson Jus. Peace 



. I [J i davits of Eben r Fogg and Peter Libbee. 

Reuben Fogg & Peter Libbee being select Men for the 
T<ovn of Scarborough in the County of Cumberland for the 
!• L78] Testify and Say that we Carryed eighteen thou- 
sand Six hundred fifty Seven Pounds & twelve Shillings 
ards paying for the Second Requisition for Beef in the 
i L780 to Falmouth June 20 th 1781 and Joseph Noyse 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 447 

Esq; who at that Time managed the Agents business in- 
formed ns that M r David Xoyse Agent for Beef for the said 
County was out of the County and that the Money was 
broug 1 too late, and further Say that we Did not know be- 
fore when the Time would be out and could find no Person 
that could tell us and further Say that we have still the money 

in our hands 

Reuben Fogg Peter Libbee 

Cumberland Ss 7 th Octo r 1784. 

Reuben Fogg & Peter Libbee above Named Personally ap- 
pearing made Solemn Oath to the truth of the above writen 

by them subscribed, before 

W m Tompson Jus. Peace. 



Petition of York. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To the Honourable the Senate and House of Representatives 
in General Court assembled 

The Petition of the Subscribers Representatives of the 
Towns in the County of York in behalf of the Towns in said 
County humbly sheweth 

That by reason of the severity of the Weather and the depth 
of the Snow during the present winter, the Inhabitants of said 
Towns have been incorporated to make sale of the Lumber &c 
which was the only recource from which they expected to de- 
rive the means of discharging their back Taxes In Conse- 
quence of which they have been utterly incapable notwith- 
standing their most strenuous exertions to discharge the same 
Your Honours petitioners therefore pray you to take their 
distressed circumstances into consideration and grant them 
such longer time to pay said taxes in as your Honours shall 



448 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

think proper. And your Honours petitioners as in duty 

bound shall ever pray. 

Boston Feb y 29. 1788 

Sum 1 Nasson, tsaias Prebble, 

Jacob Bradbury, Joseph Hubbard, 

Moses Ames, James Scamman 

Memorial of Plantations in Lincoln Count j/. 
To the Honorable Senate, and the Honorable House of Repre- 
sentatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in 
General Court assembled — Feb y 1788 — 

The Proprietors of the several Townships numbered, One 
Four Five and Six lying in the County of Lincoln at the East- 
ward of Mount Desart or Union River by their respective 
Committees — the Subscribers hereof — humbly shew 

That they are absolutely unable to pay the Sum of £1250 
required by the Resolve of the General Court pass'd the 21 st 
d of June A. D. 1785 — as a Condition for Confirming the 
Grant of said Townships. 

Soon after the passing of said Resolve, — they assessed the 
said Sum on the several Rights in said Townships, and adver- 
tised them according to Law — but no Person appeared to 
take any of said Rights at such an Expence — They have 
since laid their Case before the Honorable Court, but have 
not yet obtained Relief — and have therefore been discour- 
aged from making any further progress in the settlement of 
said Townships 

They humbly apprehend it would be greatly for the In- 
terest of Government — were this Condition taken off as in this 
Case the Proprietors would be induced to put themselves for- 
ward, and to use their best endeavours to promote the settle- 
ment of their Lands which in their present dormant State 
produce no profit either to themselves or the Public — 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 449 

Your Petitioners therefore in the name and behalf of said 
Proprietors — humbly pray that your Honors would pass a 
Resolve to release them from payment of the Sum aforesaid — 
and allow them a further time to perform the other Conditions 
mentioned in said Resolve — 

And as in Duty bound will pray 

Eben r Thorndike, ) ~ . , , r 

.._ . .. _ . ( Committee for 

JN! ath J ordan, ( m i • -vr« r\ 

~ _ . \ 1 ownship J\ ° One 

George Deake ' 

Cary M c lellan \ ~ - 

_ tvt ,, I Committee for 

Peter Woodbery, Tomshi N „ Four 

George Drake ; 

David Strout, ) ^ ... - 

( Committee for 

George Deake, / ^ ,. ATo -n. 

t. ttt 11 l I ownship JN ° h lve 

Peter \\ oodbery ' 

John Armstrong, \ ^, ... , 
G J Committee for 

David Strout, Township W Six 

Sam Freeman J 

Samuel Freeman Agent for the Proprietors of the Town- 
ships aforesaid & now in Boston humbly begs leave to present 
the foregoing Petition to this Honorable Court & prays that 
a Committee may be appointed to take the same into consid- 
eration — and that he may have liberty in behalf of said 
Proprietors to lay their Case before them more particularly — 
March 1788 
In Senate March 3 d 1788 — 

Read and with the papers accompanying, committed to 
Cotton Tufts Esq r with such as the Hon ble House may join, to 
consider & report — 

Sent down for concurrence 

S Adams Presid 1 

In the House of Representatives March 3 d 1788 

Read and concurred and M r White of West Springfield and 

D r Coney are joined 

I Warren Spk r 

30 



450 POCTMENTABY HISTORY 

Resolve & Petition of Gideon Pliilbrick of Standish. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In house of Representatives March 5 th 1788 
On the Petition of Gideon Philbrick of Standish in the 
County of Cumberland setting forth that some time in the 
Month of March last past the said Philbrick did utter & say- 
to One Edmund Mussey that if the said Mussey would take 
a Gun. Sword or Pistol and go into the Field with the said 
Philbrick, One or the other of them should be dispatched be- 
fore they returned with other unwarrantable Expressions 
contrary to the Peace and Dignity of this Commonwealth for 
which Offence the said Philbrick is liable to prosecution and 
praying Pardon and forgiveness therefor 

Resolved that the Prayer of the Petition be granted and 
the said Philbrick is fully and Compleatly pardoned for the 
Offence aforesaid and shall have full right to plead this Re- 
solve on the General Issue and all officers are directed to 
govern themselves accordingly provided nevertheless that 
nothing in this Resolve shall be Construed to extend to an 
Exclusion of the said Mussey from any Prosecution of the 
said Philbrick for Personal Dammages 

Sent up for concurrence 

I Warren Spk r 
In Senate March 6, 1788 

Read & Xonconcurred 

S Adams Presid 1 



Sam 1 Darby's Petition to the General Court. 

To the IIon ble the Senate, and the Hon bIe house of Represen- 
tatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in Gen- 
eral Court assembled: 
I he Memorial of Samuel Darby of York in the county of 

York, humbly sheweth, 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 451 

That Edmund Bridge Esq r Sheriff of the county of Lin- 
coln, did petition jour Honours at the last session of the 
General Court, shewing that the said Darby had recovered a 
Judgment against the said Bridge, before John Heard Bart- 
let Esq r by default, and praying that he the said Edmund 
might be admitted to a trial of the said action at the Court of 
Common Pleas" — Which Petition of the said Edmund being 
before the Court at the last session, the said Samuel under- 
stood that he the said Samuel was ordered to be cited to ap- 
pear at the said Court on the second Wednesday of the then 
next session to shew cause, if any he had, why the prayer of 
the said Petition should not be granted : — And the said 
Samuel having appeared accordingly, has understood that 
your Honours on the 4 th instant had so far granted the peti- 
tion of the said Edmund, as to order that the said Edmund 
should serve the said Samuel with a copy of the said Petition 
and order thereon, to the end the said Samuel should appear 
on the second Thursday of the next session of the General 
Court and shew cause if any he has why the prayer of the 
said Edmund's petition should not be granted : 

Wherefore, as the said Samuel is here present with his 
evidence, he prays that your Honors would so far reconsider 
your order of the 4 th instant, as that the said Samuel might 
be admitted to appear forthwith, and shew cause why the 
prayer of the said Edmund's petition should not be granted : 
and your petitioner shall ever pray &c Sam 1 Darby 

Boston, March 6, 1788. 

Petition of Bunker Farwell. 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts [ 

To the Honorable the Senet and House of Representatives 
in General Court assembled October 20, 1787 
The Petition of Banker Farwell of Vassalborough in the 
County of Lincoln Humbly Sheweth That your Petitioner 



1:52 DOCr.MENTATIY HISTORY 

haying a Damand against Joshua Sincler of Hallowell in the 
Bame County for a Cartain yoke of oxon Which the said 
Joshua had converted to his one use sume time in March 
last. Commenced an action of the Case against the said 
Joshua for the recovery of the same oxen, before Ebenezer 
Farv.ell Esq' a Justice of the peace Within and for said 
C lounty and that your Petitioner and the said Joshua before 
the said Justice on the minth day of March last agreed to 
refer the said Dispute or Demand to the Determination of 
Capt. Henry Sewall, James Carr and Nehimiah Gatchel the 
Report of Whom or the Major part of whom being made as 
sone as might be to any Cort of Common pleas holden in and 
for said County of Lincoln and judgment thereon to be final — 
That the said Referees afterwards, to wit at the Cort of 
Common pleas hold at Pownalborough Within and for said 
County on the first Tuesday of June last made report that 
your petitioner should pay the said Sincler the Debt in said 
Action all the Corst & Charges that had arisen on the suit 
Commenced by your Petitioner against the said Joshua 
Sincler — That at the Time of the Hearing the Parties be- 
fore the said Referees, your petitioner produced a Witness 
to prove his Demand aforesaid against the said Sincler Whoes 
Testimony would beyond all Doubt have Determined the 
Case in favor of your Petitioner had he ben admited, but the 
Referees refused to admit him to be sworn or to admit his 
testimony becose thay supposed that the said Wittness in 
( ase your Petitioner shold recover Would be liable to a 
action from the said Sincler for the said oxon not Consider- 
ing that the Testimony of a Wittness Which operate against 
him self is the best Evidence That the said Referees also 
agreable to their Report have saved all the Cost viz 1 the 
Plaintiff Cost as Well as the Defendant against your Peti- 
tioner Which your Petitioner has been obliged to pay — that 
it was not the Intent of the Referees that your Petitioner 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 453 

should pay the Debt the Cost which he himself had advanced 
to prosecute his said Suit tho they inadvertently made such 
a Report and taxed said Corst in manner aforesaid Where- 
fore By Reason that the said Referees Rejected the Testi- 
mony of a good and legal witness your petitioner has lost a 
valuable yoke of oxon which he was justly entitled to and 
by Reason of the great Mistake made by the said Referees in 
taxen the Bill of Cost aforesaid, your petitioner has ben un- 
justly obliged to pay the sum of five pounds ten shillings & 
ll d more then the real Cost what had accrued to the said 
Joshua in Defending the said Suit — Wherefore your peti- 
tioner humbly prays your Honors to take the matter into your 
Consideration and grant him Relief in the premises by seting 
aside the report of the said Referees and reversing the judg- 
ment of Cort thereon, and granting your petitioner a New 
hearing before the said Referees or a trial at sum Cort of 
Common pleas to be Holden Within & for said County — 
and your petitioner as in Dute bound &c 

Bunker Farwell 



Whereas Bunker Farwell of Vassalborough in the County 
of Lincoln Yeoman and Joshua Sincler of Haliowell in said 
County Yeoman did on the 9th day of March 1787 agree and 
oblidge themselves to submit to us the Subscribers a certain 
demand made by the said Farwell against the said Sincler in 
a Process of Confession wherein the said Farwell is plaintiff 
& the said Sincler Defendant, which Parties having been 
legally notified, did attend at the house of David Thomas 
Innholder in Haliowell aforesaid on the 20 & 21 days of 
March 1787, when and where after a full hearing of the 
Pleas and Allegations with the Evidences of each of the 
Parties aforesaid upon the premises by them disputed, we 



454 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

the said Subscribers do determine and award as follows — 
viz' That the plaintiff pay the Defendant all the Costs and 
Charges that have arisen on the Suit commenced by the said 
Hunker Farwell against the said Joshua Sincler 

James Carr H. Sewall Nehemiah Gatchel [ 

Referees 
Hallowell, April 2, 1787. 

Copy Exam d by Jon* Bowman Cler. 



Bill of Cost on an Action of Conversion, or Process of 
Confession — Farwell vs Sincler 
Pits Cost Total £8 .. 18 .. 10 

EC Sewall, James Carr [ Referees 
Copy Exam a by Jon a Bowman Cler. 



Action on Farwell' s petition. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives Nov. 15, 1787. 

On the Petition of Bunker Farwell praying for a rehearing 
in a certain cause in which the said Farwell was Pit and one 
Joshua Sinkler was Def 1 and that a judgment of the Court of 
Common Pleas consequent upon the report of certain Ref- 
ferrees in the same cause may be reversed for reasons set 
forth in his Petition 

Ordered that the said Bunker Farwell notify the said 
Joshua Sinkler to appear on the second wenesday of the next 
sitting of the General Court, by serving him the said Joshua 
with mi ;it tested Copy of the said Petition and this Order 
thereon fourteen days at least before the said second 
AYednesday in order that the said Joshua Sinkler may then 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 455 

appear and shew cause if any he has why the prayer of the 

said Petition should not he granted, and in the mean time 

that no execution or alias execution be issued upon the same 

Judgment and if any such execution has already issued that 

the same be stayed 

Sent up for concurrence 

I Warren Spk r 
In Senate March 8 th 1788 

Read & INTonconcurred and Ordered, that the Petition be 

dismissed — 

Sent down for concurrence 

S Adams Presid' 

In the House of Representatives March 10, 1788. 

Read and concurred 

I Warren Spk r 



Report on the Representation of Compf General. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives March 11 th 1788 
The Committee to whom was committed the Representa- 
tion of the Comptroller General have attended thereto & ask 
leave to report — two Bills — one in Addition to the Imprest 
Act, the other in addition to the Excise Act : also, a Resolve 
directing how Bonds given to secure the Impost on Goods, 
imported into this State before the first day of January 1787 
by Citizens of other States & afterward exported to the States 
where the Owners lived, may be cancelled they likewise beg 
leave to report, as their Opinion, that the Choice of a Naval 
Officer for the port of Portland and a Collector of Impost & 
Excise for the Eastern District of the County of Lincoln be 
postponed until the Annual Choice of such Officers in June 
next 



456 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Cap* Jesse Johnsons Petition. 

To the Honorable the Senate the Hon ble the House of 
Representatives 
The Subscriber humbly sheweth that he is Collector of Tax 
N° 5 — and that he has received in payment of the Specie 
part of s d Tax a Number of Orders drawn by Soldiers upon 
the Treasurer who declines receiving of them on account of 
the Claim which the Bank have to the first monies which shall 
be collected upon that Tax — Whereupon the petitioner prays 
for Redress — and he as in Duty bound will ever pray — 

Jesse Johnson 
Boston March 15 th 1788 



Petition of Eben Prout. 

To the Hon ble Senate & To the Hon ble House of Representa- 
tives in Gen 1 Court Assembled March 1788 — 
The Petition of Ebenezer Prout late of Falmouth 
Humbly Sheweth. That your Petitioner was our officer 
in the Customs or Naval office at Falmouth (Now Portland) 
Seven Years before the Late War & of the Same Rank in Said 
office with the Late Naval Officer deceas'd who was then in 
said office. That your Pet r hearing of Lexington fight. Left 
said office & Came to head Quarters to Serve his Country 
& Sacraficed forty pounds Sterling — That Your Petitioner 
Serv'd as Clerk to Several Com tee & Several Years with 
the Com tee on Accounts Constantly & Diligently When 
they were full of business & much hurried, & when he 
was paid of his pay did not amount To one shilling 
p r day in Specie. Your Pet r Pray d to be allowd Deprecia- 
tion, but faild, and as the office at Portland is Now Vacant, 
he prays he may be appointed to said office or made whole 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 457 

for his aforesaid Loss & Services Or in Such A Way & man- 
ner as Your Honours in Your Great Wisdom Shall see fit & 
Your Pet r as in Duty bound Shall Ever Pray &c 

Eben Prout 



Hallowell Petition. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

To the Hon ble Senate and House of Representatives of said 
Commonwealth in General Court assembled — 

The Memorial of the subscribers Inhabitants of the Town 
of Hallowell in the County of Lincoln 

Humbly sheweth 

That satisfied as we are, with our present Government and 
Constitution, we do not wish for a change, unless we could 
be assured, it would at least tend in some considerable degree 
to promote the General happiness of the People and the wel- 
fare of the federal Union ; but we are apprehensive that the 
seperation so much wished for by some, in the Counties of 
York, Cumberland and Lincoln, from the Government of 
Massachusetts can not at present have the smallest tendency 
to obtain or secure either of those valuable ends : on the con- 
trary we feel a conviction, that such a separation at this time, 
must greatly contribute to enervate our federal Government 
by an unnecessary increase of the number of Petty States, to 
impoverish the People by an additional weight of taxes, to 
render the proposed new State weak and contemptible, and 
in a great measure to destroy the influence and consequence 
of this Commonwealth in the great Council of the Nation. 

Urged by these considerations, we think it our duty to com- 
municate to your Honors, the extraordinary method which 



458 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

a certain Party have taken in this town, in order to procure 
a majority of voices in favor of the said seperation — Sub- 
script imi Papers have been formed under the auspices of a 
tVw particular Men, for the ostensible purpose of obtaining 
the sentiments of the People on this important question ; these 
Papers have been committed to a number of professed and 
zealous Advocates for the New State, who carried them about 
the Town, and applied to Individuals seperately, to whom 
they painted in lively colours, all the imagined advantages of 
a seperate Government, without any of its real inconveni- 
ences ; and by this means many honest well meaning Persons, 
have been induced to subscribe to the affirmative of the ques- 
tion, who we are sensible on having its true merits impartially 
stated and explained to them, would never have given their 
assent to this measure, which we conceive can answer no val- 
uable purpose, unless it be to gratify the ambition and feed 
the vanity of a few Men, who under the fair guise of public 
spirit, the general good of the People in those Counties, and 
an affectation of superior political information are (we fear) 
only aiming at places of honor and profit for themselves ; but 
as a procedure so evidently partial, and unauthorized by any 
Legislative act, can never impose upon the wisdom of the 
honorable Body we address, so we content ourselves with 
stating facts, without making any comments upon the con- 
duct of a Party, who have artfully made the People believe, 
that their doings in this instance were for the information, 
and undertaken at the desire of the General Court. 

Joseph North, William Howard, Laz 3 Goodwin, Elijah 
Davis, Geo: Goodwin — 5 signer, Nath 1 Thwing, Ezekiel 
Porter, Elias Crage, James Child, James Cocks — 10, Sam 
Hussey, Nath 1 Hearsey, Sam 1 Colman, Brown Emerson, 
Daniel Savage, Robert Deniston, Nathan Weston, William 
Brooks, Brian Fletcher. 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 459 

In the House of Representatives, March 15, 1788. 

Read and committed to the Committee of both Houses this 
day appointed upon the Petition from the convention of Dele- 
gates held at Portland, upon the same subject 

Sent up for concurrence 

I Warren Speaker 



Abstract of yeas & nays for State. 

Yeas Nays 

Winthrop L. 93 . 

Falmouth C. 39 . 

Standish C 12 . 3 

Sylvester C 43 . 7 

Topsham L. 62 . 1 

Portland C. 18 . 4 

New Gloucester C. 74 . 1 

Bucktown Y 15 

Bridgetown C 35 . 2 

Hallowell L 58 . 

Fry burg Y 36 . 

Goreham C 50. 4 

Bath L 74. 

Winthrop & adjacent L 45. 

Harraseket C 9 

Sheppardsfield C 49 

Bakerstown C 27 

Sudbury Canada C 28 

Brownfield Y 24 

Jones Plantation L 29 

Gloversboro C 32 

Canaan & Noridgewalk L 106 

Lewiston L 25 



460 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Plantation of Hancock L 59 

New Sandwich L 42 

Winston L 40 

Pownalborough L 43 

Belfast L U 

Yeas Nays. 

Total 1178 22 

In convention about 30 towns represented, about 2/3 for 
the petition 1/3 against it. 



Order. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts [• 

In the House of Representatives, March 15, 1788. 

Ordered that the state of the votes, respecting the setting 

off the Eastern Counties into a seperate State, accompanying, 

be committed to the Committee appointed upon the Petition 

of the Convention of Delegates held at Portland, upon the 

same subject 

Sent up for concurrence 

I Warren, Spk r 

In Senate March 18, 1788 

Read & concurred. 

S. Adams Presid 1 



Joseph Boyd Petition. 

To the Honourable the Senate & House of Representatives 
in General Court Assembled 
humbly shews Joseph Boyd of Bristol in the County of 
Lincoln Attorney to Jedediah Preble Cornmisary for supply- 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 461 

ing the troops at Penobscot River in the year 1779 by order 
of Brig 1 " General Gushing, that the said Prebble supplyd the 
Troops at that Post with sundry Provisions to the Amount 
of Four Thousand nine hundred and eighty six pounds twelve 
shillings in the then currency which reduced according to the 
Scale amounts Two hundred & forty six poimds two shillings 
& eight pence; in 1784 your Memorialist applied to the 
Honble Legislature for the Discharge of the amount of said 
Prebble who refered the Settlement to the then committee on 
accounts to settle and ajust the same according to the best 
evidence they could Collect, the Committee attended the 
Business but from want of vouchers on the part of your 
memorialist which it was out of his power then to procure 
they allowed upon the said account no more than the sum of 
ninety eight pounds fifteen shillings & eleven pence, the 
necessary vouchers to the whole ace 1 your memorialist has 
now in his possession wherefore as in Duty bound he prays 
this Hon 1 Court that his account may be adjusted anew & 
settled in such manner as the Hon 1 Court shall find to be 
Just and Eaqual 

Joseph Boyd [ Attorney to Jere Prebble 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts 

In the House of Representatives March 17 th 1788. 

on the petition of Joseph Boyd in behalf of Jedediah 

Prebble praying for allowance for Sundry Articles Suplied 

the Troops at penobscot in the year 1779 — ordered that the 

said petition & ace 1 A be referred to the Committee for state- 

ing & Methodizing the Accounts of this Commonwealth B 

who are hereby directed to examin the same & report thereon 

as soon as may be 

Sent up for concurrence, 

I Warren Spk r 



4C>2 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

Tn Senate March 17, 1788. 

Read & concurred with an amendment at A 

Sent down for concurrence 

S Adams Presid 1 

A dele from A to B & ins' on accounts 

T?i the House of Representatives March 20, 1788. 

Read and concurred 

I Warren Spk r 



Govt's Message March 11 — 1788. 

Gentlemen of the Senate & Gentlemen of the House of 
Representatives 

The Secretary will lay before you a letter which I received 
from the Honourable Benjamin Lincoln Esq r with a memo- 
randum to which it refers for some facts — and also another 
letter from John Lee of Penobscot a Gentleman mentioned 
in General Lincoln's Letter. 

By these Letters it appears that the line of property be- 
tween the Commonwealth's land and those of the Penobscot 
Tribe of Indians is not formally settled and that a difficulty 
and dissention may take place unless some further attention 
is paid to that affair. 

By the same Letters and by papers remaining in the 
Clerk's Office of the Supreme Judicial Court it appears that 
Andrew Gilman Archibald MThetres and James Page have 
been committed upon suspicion of having murdered Peeal an 
Indian of that tribe, but no evidence appearing against them 
they were enlarged on recognizance to appear at the next 
term : least there should be a failure in the prosecution I have 
by advice of Council requested Joseph Hibbert and Charles 
Joy Es(| r " two Justices of the Peace near the place where 
the unhappy affair is said to have been transacted to convene 
before them and to recognize such Witnesses as may be had : 



OF THE STATE OF MAINE 463 

and have also requested them to give that Tribe of Indians 
notice when the Trial will take place, that such of them may- 
attend as shall choose to be there. 

I have also given the Attorney General notice of these 
measures and urged his attention to the business as a matter 
on which the peace & safety of some part of the County of 
Lincoln very much depend — 

This is all that lays within my department in this business, 
but I conceive it to be my duty Gentlemen to request your 
attention to it as a matter that is of great consequence to the 
Commonwealth for though perhaps a very small force may 
subdue or extirpate that Tribe of Natives if they should com- 
mence hostilities, yet the effecting it would be more expensive 
& troublesome than the compleating a Treaty respecting their 
Lands can be. I need not observe that it is much more con- 
sistent with humanity to conciliate their affections, than to 

subdue them by force. 

John Hancock 
Council Chamber March 17 th 1788. 



Petition of Edmund Bridge. 

The Honorable Senate & house of representatives in General 
Court assembled 
humbly Sheweth Edmund Bridge Sheriff of the County of 
Lincoln, that Sundry Executions were directed to him by M r 
Treasurer Hodgden which after your petitioner had at a 
Great Expence, waited on the Several persons mentioned, in 
said Executions he was ordered by the Honourable General 
Court, to return Said Exemtions, not Satisfied, wherefore 
your Petitioner prays this Honourable Court that his fees 
may be allowed him for Said Services, agreeable to his ac- 
count and as in Duty Bound Shall Ever Pray 

Edmund Bridge 
Boston March 19, 1788 



464 DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 

1788 on the Common Wealth of Massachusetts In and with 
I'M in' 1 bridge 

March- — To my fees on the Executions Common wealth 
vs .las Steward el . 10 . To ditto va W° Stinson 1. 10.0— 
To ditto 3. Exon # vs. Francis Burnham 4.10.0 To ditto 
Six ditto on the beef Tax 9 . . To 1 do William Whittier 
1.10.0 To 1 do Tho B Gray 1 . 10 . To 1 Ditto Jonathan 
Whiting 1 . 10 . Total £21.0.0 

I Certify the above Execon's have been Issued and Re- 
turn'd as p r Resolve of Court &c 

Alex Hodgdon Treas r 

Treasury Office March 14, 1788 

Pownalboro, 19 th March 1788 Errors Excepted 

p r Edm d Bridge 



Re — Lands sold by Committee on Eastern Lands. 

( mi, mi, ,n wealth of .Massachusetts, March 24, 1788. 
To the Hon. House of Representatives. 

The Subscriber, in behalf of the Committee on the Sale of 
Lands & in Compliance with the Order of the Hon 1 House 
of Representatives to lay before them an Account of all 
Lands sold by the Committee since the last Session of the 
General Court, respectfully represents that the Committee 
have only sold one Township adjoining to Machias — and 
the Island in front of the same — for which Mes r Lucas & 
others — the purchasers have paid & are to pay, six thousand 
one hundred & seventy pounds 1716 — in Consolidated notes 
— & fifty one pounds in specie to be paid by 34 settlers who 
were upon the Lands prior to the 1 st Jan y 1784. 

Leo Jarvis, 
one of the Committee on the sale of Land. 



INDEX 



Abbagadasset, 108. 

River, 110. 
Abbott, Aaron, 200. 
Benjamin, 287. 
Henry, 200. 
Joshua, 288. 
Thomas, 288. 
Thomas, 3rd, 291. 
Abomkett, ) 
Abonskett, J 79, 110. 
Abscaduset, 83. 
Aconset, 383. 
Acton, 345. 
Adams, Amos, 432. 
Edward, 282. 

S., 1 11, 20, 24, 34, 119, 

Samuel, J 297, 356, 357, 359, 
367, 374, 375, 386, 401, 402, 
405, 406, 412, 418, 421, 449, 
450, 455, 460, 462. 
Capt. Thomas, 212, 213. 
Mark, 410. 
Agodoadomago, ) 
Agogdodomago, ( 77, 109. 
Alden, Benjamin, 282. 
Alewives, 1, 356. 
Alexander, Capt. Ebenezer, 212. 

Hugh, 175. 
Allan, Col. John, 230, 369. 
William, 172. 

Allen, Col. , 14. 

Daniel, 209. 
Joseph, 335. 
Nathaniel, 351. 
Thomas, 180. 
Alline, Benjamin, 353. 
Almsbury, 165. 

Ames, Moses, 16, 17, 140, 344, 448. 
Amesbury, 165. 
Amherst, 345. 
Amory, Jonathan, 405, 407. 
Andover Proprietors, the, 91. 
Andres, John, 175. 
Andrews, Abraham, 145. 
Amos, 271. 
James, 87. 
Samuel, 335. 
Stephen, 380. 



Androscoggin, ) 
Andrew Cogen, J 92. 

Falls, 86, 88, 90, 114, 115, 281. 

River, 84, 85, 86, 90, 98, 99, 106, 
115, 173, 180, 181, 280, 281. 
Annis, Abraham, 223, 224. 

Stephen, 140. 
Anthony, John, 383, 401. 
Apthorp, Charles Ward, 264, 265. 
Archibald, } 
Archabold, j Mr. , 123. 

Robert, 287. 

Capt. Thomas, 213. 
Armstrong, John, 429, 449. 
Army, Continental, see under 
Continental Army. 

Notes, 194. 
Arrowsic Island, 81, 82, 90. 
Arskins, Alexander, 200. 
Arundell, 56, 63, 137, 139, 140, 

223, 224, 345. 
Ash, Benjamin, 353. 
Ashawelet Equivalent, 164, 165. 
Aspinwall, Caleb, 269. 
Astu, Jacob, 281. 
Athol, 346. 
Atkins, , 104. 

Bay, 85, 86, 90, 104. 
Atwood, Capt. Ebenezer, 213. 

Jesse, 425. 
Austin, Benjamin, Jr., 374. 

Jonathan W., 161. 

Moses, 287. 
Averell, Job, 66, 67, 68. 
Avery, Esquire, , 41. 

James, 29, 30, 131, 132, 133, 
134, 151, 152, 185, 225, 230, 
231, 373, 438. 

John, 62, 63, 119, 167, 183, 343. 

John, Jr., 216. 
Ayers, Eliakim, 249, 250. 

B 

Babbidge, Benjamin, 59. 
Bacheldor, Ephraim, 389. 
Bacon, Thomas, 351. 
Bagedoose, see Majorbigwaduce. 
Baggadussett, 77, 78, 79, 93, 96, 

99, 106, 108, 109, 110, 111, 

112, 113. 



81 



!.;r, 



hoc CM [..\TAKV 11 [STORY 



Bagley, Abner, 269. 

I'.ailcy. 
Bailey, John, 140, 147. 

Libras. I'M'. 

Baird, Daniel, 136. 
Baker, Mr. , 144. 

Asariah, 282. 

diaries, 389. 

John, 267, 268, 269. 

John, 2nd, 268. 

Joseph, 425. 

Mark, 139. 

Samuel, 70, 119, 201, 282. 

Capt. Samuel, 232. 

William C, 200. 
Bakerstown, 17, 63, 114, 115, 139, 
164, 165, 229, 459. 

Great Bridge, the, 180, 181, 182. 
Baldwin, Samuel, 384. 

Samuel, 2nd, 384. 
Ballard. Ephraim, 378. 

Jonathan, 378. 
Ballstown, ) 

Balltown. | 17,63,137,164. 
Bane, John, 94, 97. 

Joseph, 95. 

!•. Benjamin, 271, 272. 

Ebenezer, 333. 

Mark, 224. 

Noah, 333. 

Peter, 271. 

Jeremiah, 389. 
Barnstable, 276. 

Countv, 163, 164, 211, 229, 276, 
342, 345, 390, 401, 422. 
Barr. Alexander, 364, 365. 

Robert, 364, 365. 
«'tt, Samuel, 261. 

Simeon, 181. 
Barms, Abraham, 333. 
Barrons, Timothy, 333. 
P.arrows, Comfort, 59. 

[chabod, 59. 
i '"iir. Mark, 140. 
Bartlett, John Heard, 451. 

Jonathan, 2",. 
I'arvett, Victor, 240. 
Ba8ton, Daniol, 328. 
Batchelder, Samuel, 389. 
I '.a th. 123, 137, 164, 459. 

Port of. 123, 231. 
Bayley, John, 199. 
Beal, Capt. , 220. 

Zacheus, 345. 
Bealls, Joshua, 383, 384. 
I'.can. Curtis, 327. 

David. 142. 

Samuel, 136. 
B arry, Jorge, 282. 



Beauchamp and Leverett Grant, 

3, 13, 14, 18, 30, 31, 33, 36, 

411, 412, 413. 
Resolve, 30. 
Beck, Thomas, 268, 269. 

B< ckford, Mr. , 297. 

Beeman, John, 272, 377. 
Begeduce, see Majorbigwaduce. 
Belby, Steven, 136. 
Belchartown, 345, 357. 
Belfast, 163, 229, 343, 460. 
Bell, Capt. Shadrack, 233. 
Bellport, 138. 
Bent, Rufus, 377. 
Berkshire County, 163, 164, 165, 

211, 230, 277, 342, 348, 401, 

402, 422. 
Bernard, John, 199. 
Berry, Thomas, 175. 
Berwick, 56, 63, 136, 139, 140, 

141, 167, 188, 223, 224, 254, 

283, 293, 294, 298, 357, 358. 
Beverage, Thomas, 221, 222. 
Bickford, Dodivah, 224. 
Bickford, Samuel, 328. 
Bickmore, John, Jr., 351, 353. 
Biddeford, 63, 137, 140, 141, 224, 

225, 276. 
Bigbee, Elisha, 180. 

Bigelow, Col. , 128. 

Billerica, 345. 

Billings, George, 201, 202, 203, 

206, 208. 
Binford, William, 389. 
Bisbee, Charles, 181. 
Bisbee, Oliver, 199. 

Bishop, Mr. , 367. 

Blackinton, Benjamin, 59. 

John. 59. 
Black Island, 237, 241, 249. 
Blake, Robert, 275. 
Blaney, John, 87. 
Mrs. John, 87. 
BlOgdet, Richard, 209. 
Blue Hill Bay, 156. 
Bly, Ebeneezer, 59. 
Boardman, Joseph, 360. 
Bombazeen, 96. 
Bonney, Isaac, 181. 

John, 180. 
Boothbay, 6, 7, 21, 25, 26, 63, 117, 

137, 156, 185, 186, 198, 200, 

204, 210, 214, 217, 218, 220, 

222. 
Port of, 124. 
Boston, 12, 38, 54, 125, 141, 144, 

147, 148, 161, 165, 170, 184, 

186, 187, 205, 217, 232, 243, 



fXDKX 



467 



Boston, continual. 

245, 264, 276, 283, 322, 344, 
346, 354, 357, 364, 368, 370, 
380, 395, 400, 401, 402, 406, 
407, 408, 414, 432, 448, 449, 
451, 456, 463. 
Board of War, 60. 
Council Chamber, 11, 30, 50, 
65, 69, 124, 153, 171, 198, 212, 
225, 231, 232, 239, 256, 257, 
463. 
Independent Chronicle, the, 

19, 362. 
Port of, 438. 

Treasury Office, 4, 147, 151, 
165, 222, 390, 445, 464. 
Bosworth, Noah, ISO. 
Boundary, the Eastern, 42. 

Bourn, Mr. , 50. 

Bowdoin, Gov. James, 11, 30, 50, 
65, 69, 124, 141, 152, 153, 157, 
171, 172, 198, 212, 216, 218, 
225, 231, 239, 243, 245, 246, 
249, 254, 256, 257, 317, 367, 
374. 
Bowdoinham, 63, 137, 151, 164, 

264. 
Bower, John, 393. 
Bowles, Ralph H., 133. 
Bowman, Jonathan, 132. 454. 

Esquire, Jonathan, 7, 26, 340. 
Boxford, 345. 

Boyd, Capt. George, 290, 292. 
Joseph, 460, 461. 
Robert, 268. 
Robert, 2nd, 268. 
Thomas, Jr., 21, 24, 186. 
Boves, Antipas, 78, 93, 97, 103, 

106, 107, 108. 
Boynton, Caleb, 131, 172. 

Caleb, Jr., 131. 
Brackett, Isaac, 288. 
James, 288. 
Joshua, 160, 337, 338. 
Bradbury, Jabez, 95, 96, 108. 
Jacob, 378, 448. 
Theop., 39. 
Bradford, Gov. William, 73, 74, 
75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 93, 101, 102, 
103. 
Bradish, David, 269. 
Bradley, Abraham, 140. 

Bryant, 425. 
Bragdon, Joshua, 147. 

Breck, Mr. , 256. 

Breed, Mr. , 348. 

Brewer, John, 424. 



Bridge, Ebenezer, 297. 

Edmund, 132, 150,151,451,463, 

464. 
James, 209. 
Bridges, 15, 180, 181, 182, 227, 

228. 
Bridgetown, 63, 163, 164, 165, 229, 
235, 236, 262, 263, 315, 316, 

327, 331, 332, 459. 
Briggs, Abithar, 282. 

John, 181. 
Brigtown, 139. 
Bristol, 17, 63, 137, 340, 460. 

County, 211, 229, 276, 341, 342, 
345, 390, 422. 
Britain, see Great Britain. 
British, the, 172, 204, 214, 221, 
325, 369, 370. 

Settlements, the, 65. 

Troops, the, 40. 

see also under English, the. 
Bromswick, see Brunswick. 
Brookline, 17. 
Brooks, George, 425. 

Major-General John, 211. 

Martin, 334. 

William, 274, 458. 
Brown, Abner, 281. 
Amos, 181. 

Benjamin, 174, 282, 378. 

Daniel, Jr., 175. 

David, 389. 

Elisha, 383, 384. 

Elisha, 2nd, 384. 

Henry Y., 327. 

John, 180, 271. 

Moses, 282. 

Will., 175. 
Brownfield, 63, 136, 163, 164, 165, 
224, 229, 315, 316, 317, 326, 

328, 330, 331, 459. 
Browster, Morgan, 282. 
Brunswick, 63, 89, 90, 139, 174. 

Falls, 5, 114. 

Mill, 5, 57. 
Bryant, Samuel, 268, 269. 
Buck, Abijah, 179, 180, 181, 182. 

John, 180. 

Moses, 181. 

Nathaniel, 180. 
Bucknell, John, 328. 
Bucktown } 180. 181, 182, 425, 
Buckstown f 459. 
Bulbin, Samuel, 377. 

Bullock, Mr. , 341. 

Bumbarhook, 272. 
Burbank, Benjamin, 328. 

Israel, 328. 
Burdick, George, 383, 401. 



t68 



DOCUM ;:\tai;y ii i story 



Burnham, Francis, 464. 

Seth, 140. 

11. Stephen, 250, 251. 
Butler, John, 282. 

.Moses, 5G. 

Moses, Jr., 56. 

Moses, 2nd, 56. 

Nathaniel, 56. 

i eter, 56. 
But tor field, ISO, 181. 

Ephraim, 174. 

Joseph, 436. 
Butts, Samuel, 268. 

Samuel 2nd, 268. 
Buxton, 63, 137, 223, 224, 378. 
Byram, Ebenezer, 273. 



Cadillac, Mons. La Motte, 255, 
348, 349, see also Gregoire, 
Lady. 
Calender, the Indian, errors in, 
279; new one adopted, 279- 
280. 
Call, Obadiah, 95, 96. 

Phillip, 95, 96. 
Cambridge, 276. 

The University at, 89, 142, 143, 
1S9, 190, 354. 
Camden, 138, 229. 
Campbell, A. V., 62, 326. 
Alexander, 326. 
John, 199. 
Thomas, 425. 
Campo Bello, 152. 
Camwell, Daniel, 209. 
Canaan, 63, 229, 263, 315, 316, 
317, 319, 331, 334, 394, 395, 
428, 429, 459. 
ida, 147, 370. 
Canal, one proposed, 172, 173, 

174. 
('.■man, 138. 
Cannell, Philip, 436. 

Thomas, 436. 
Cape Elizabeth, 63, 139, 165, 346. 
Cape Francis. 125. 
Carleton, Moses, 355. 

Gov. Thomas, 68, 69. 
Carlisle, 345. 
'a ill, Nathaniel, 228. 
Carlton, Osgood, 161. 

Carr, Dr. , 290. 

James, 378, 452, 454. 
'apt. James, 378. 
Moses, 304. 
Carter, Joseph, 234. 



Casco Bay, 84, 86, 88, 144, 173, 
174, 264, 271. 

King's Dock, the, 264, 265. 
Cathance River, 83. 
Ceder, ) 

Seaders, ) the, 148, 149. 
Chace, Daniel, 378. 

Joseph, 181. 

Nathaniel, 181. 
Chadbourn, Benjamin, 305. 

Humphrey, 358. 

Jonathan, 333. 

Joseph, 166, 333. 

Joseph, Jr., 167. 

William, 333. 
Chadburne, Humphrey, 139, 140. 

Joseph, 223, 224. 
Chandler, Edmund, 180. 
Chany, Eliphalet, 188. 
Charlemont, 229. 
Charlotte County, 68, 151, 230. 
Charlton, 345. 
Chase, Darius, 355. 

Ezekiel, 378. 
Chelsea, 345. 
Cheslum, John, 123. 
Chesterfield, 17. 
Childs, Daniel, 282. 

James, 458. 

Thomas, 176, 179, 438. 
Choate, Stephen, 15, 29, 60, 256, 

315. 
Chogoandoe, 83. 
Cimin, Benjamin, 136. 
Clark, ) 
Clarke, \ Mr. , 423. 

Benjamin, 56. 

Isaac, 378. 

John, 199, 380, 398, 431, 432. 

Joseph, 131, 172. 

Nathaniel, 131, 172. 

Peter, 377. 

Samuel, 140, 225, 264, 319. 

Solomon, 429. 

Thomas, 80, 82, 91, 106, 113, 
116. 

Thomas Just pacis, 395. 

Tobias, 351. 

William, 131. 
Cleveland, Aaron, 161. 

Parker, 161. 
Clinton, Gov. George, 42. 
Coahasset Riverlet, 74. 
Cobb, Maj.-Gen. David, 211. 

William, 402, 403, 404, 405. 
Cobbiseconte, 81, 93, 94, 95, 96, 
98, 99, 101, 102, 103, 105, 106, 
109, 110, 112, 116, 117. 

Falls, 97, 100. 



INDEX 



1:69 



Cobbiseconte, continued. 

Pond, 116. 

River, 75, 77, 79, 93, 94, 95, 96, 
97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 104, 105 
107, 116. 
Cobscook, 172. 

River, 19. 
Coburn, Jonas, 181. 

Thomas, 180. 
Cochran, James, 131, 172. 
Cocks, James, 458. 
Codman, Richard, Jr., 268. 

Richard, Jr., 2nd, 268. 

Stephen, 267. 
Coffin, Samuel, 132. 
Colburn, Jeremiah, 209. 

Reuben, 272, 344. 

William, 209. 
Colby, Samuel, 327. 
Cole, Abijah, 351. 

Benjamin, 282. 

Jabez, 380. 

Capt. John, 206. 
Coleman, Benjamin, 199. 
Colerain, 17. 
Coller, James, 95. 
Collon, William, 175. 
Colman, Samuel, 458. 
Comaseconte, 75. 
Comb, ) 
Combs, f Joseph, 174. 

Peter, 174, 360. 

Peter, Jr., 175. 
Comins, Lemuel, 282. 
Comley, Stephen, 175. 
Committee of Safety, 7, 26. 
Conahasset Riverlet, 74, 100, 101. 
Concord, 276. 
Coney, } 
Cony, J Dr. , 156, 374, 449. 

Mr. , 297. 

D., 345, 378. 

Samuel, 378. 
Congress, the Provincial, 240, 
248; see also United States 
Congress. 
Connecticut, 126, 184. 

River, 272. 
Continental Army, 56, 139, 145, 
146, 148, 166. 

Valuations, 17. 
Con [ ], Solomon, 377. 
Cook, John, 160. 

Richard, 200. 
Coombs, ) 
Coombes, ) Asa, 175. 

Benjamin, 175. 

George, 175. 

George, Jr., 175. 



Coombes, continual. 
Stephen, 199. 
Thomas, 175. 
Cooper, Samuel, 66, 287, 294, 295. 
Thomas, 217. 
William, Jr., 131. 
Copp, Samuel, 302, 304. 
Copps, Moses, 253, 254, 255. 
Cornell, Peleg, 383, 401. 
Corsen, Moses, 136. 
Corvell, Ichabod, 288. 
Cosson, Thomas, 175. 
Costello, John, 284, 287, 289, 291, 
299, 300, 301. 
Lydia, 284, 291, 293. 
Cotton, Isaac, 175. 

John, 90. 
Councellors, the King's, 265. 
Courson, Lemuel, 288. 
Courts, where they shall be held, 

275, 276, 277. 
Cowel, Judah, 378. 
Coxhall, 63, 136, 140, 223, 224. 

Crafts, Mr. , 118. 

Crage, Elias, 458. 
Craig, Robert, 6. 
Craigg, James, 273. 
Cranch, Richard, 14, 18, 204. 
Crandell, Phillip, Jr., 213. 
Crane, Jonathan, 131. 
Cranole, Capt. Philip, 213. 
Crocker, Abel, 281. 

Joseph, 281. 
Crocket, John, 180. 
Crockit, John, 59. 

Jonathan, 59. 
Cromwell, Oliver, 104. 
Crosby, Ebenezer, 209. 
Jonathan, 209. 

Cross, Mr. , 204. 

Daniel, 327. 
Ralph, 269. 
Crow, William, 131. 
Cumberland County, 4, 12, 15, 27, 
28, 35, 37, 49, 60, 61, 63, 127, 
128, 134, 135, 139, 163, 164, 
165, 172, 173, 179, 180, 181, 
182, 211, 227, 228, 229, 258, 
260, 262, 266, 267, 269, 277, 
281, 295, 315, 316, 320, 323, 
330, 331, 342, 343, 346, 359, 
364, 365, 377, 378, 387, 388, 
389, 391, 402, 403, 404, 405, 
415, 416, 427, 435, 440, 442, 
446, 447, 450, 457. 
Gazette, 316. 

Independent Company of Ar- 
tillery, the, 267. 



470 



DOCITM KXTAKY EISTOBT 



Cumberland, continued. 

IiHk'iR'inlt'iit Company of Ca- 
dets, 267, 268, 270. 

Nova Scotia, 368, 369. 
Cummins, Oliver, 181. 
Currey, James, 131. 
Curtis, James, 174. 
Cushenock, 74, 78, 96, 97, 98, 103, 

106, 107, 109. 
Cushing, Apollos, 269. 

Apollos, 2nd, 269. 

Charles, 219. 

Brig.-Gen. Charles, 7, 461. 
Cushman, Isaiah, 37, 38. 
Cutts, Edward, 410. 

Richard F., 305. 

1> 

Daggett, John, 282, 438. 
Dalton, .Mr. , 201. 

Jeremiah, 175. 

Tristram, 119, 239. 
Dam, Isachar, 140. 
Damariscotta River, 117. 
Damerscove Island, 200. 
Dana, Edmund, 377. 
Dane, Nathan, 14, 20, 118. 
Daniels, Nathan, Jr., 274. 
Danielson, Luther, 363. 
Darby, Samuel, 450, 451. 
Dartmouth, 229, 383, 401. 
Davenport, Abraham, 387. 

Jonathan, 385, 386, 387. 

Thomas, 387. 
Davis, Caleb, 41, 133, 186, 187. 

E., 269. 

Ebenezer, 269. 

Elijah, 273, 458. 

Ezra, 209. 

George, 91, 92. 

John, 321, 332. 

Jonathan and Son, 199. 

Joshua, 389, 400. 

Josiah, 333. 

Moses, 146, 186. 
Deake, George, 430, 449. 

George, 2nd, 449. 
Dean, E., 269. 

Eliphalet, 268. 

Eliphalet, 2nd, 268. 

Jonas, 175. 

Thomas, 426. 
Deane, John, 435. 
Dearborn. Henry, 132, 272. 

Simon, 378. 

Simon, Jr., 377. 
Dearing, John, 188. 
Decker, John, 436. 

Joseph, 200. 



Deerfield, 341. 
Deering, James, 268. 

James, 2nd, 268. 
Deer Island, 138, 369. 

Plantation, 230, 343. 
Delano, Ephraim, 200. 

Hopstill, 174. 
De La Motte Cadillac, Mons., 
255, 348, 349; 
see also Gregoire, Lady. 
De Lesdernier, Lewis Frederick, 

40, 41, 131, 230. 
Deming, James, 209. 
Denbo, Nathaniel, 131. 
Denbow, Clement, 131. 
Deneys River Falls, 415. 
Deniston, Robert, 458. 
Detroit, 348, 349. 
Deviet, Samuel, 188. 
Devon, County of, 73. 
Dexter, Thomas, 131. 
Dillano, Capt. John, 213. 
Dingley, Joseph, 321. 

Nat B., 273. 
Dinsmore, Thomas, 378. 
Doane, Oliver, 425. 
Doans, James, 136. 
Dodge, Barnabas, 19. 
Caleb, 282. 
Noah, 360. 
Doe, John, 252, 253, 381. 
Dolac, Thomas, 136. 
Dolliver, Peter, 161. 

Donnell, Capt. , of the Sloop 

Lively, 125. 
Abraham Preble, 56. 
Benjamin, 199. 
Capt. Obadiah, of the schooner 

Lark, 125. 
Capt. Obadiah, of the schooner 

Lively, 125. 
Thomas, 56. 
Door, Peter, 136. 
Richard, 136, 288. 
Richard, Jr., 136. 
Selias, 136. 
Douglass, ) 
Duglas, ( 17, 406, 407. 

Capt. Robert, 214, 215, 217, 218, 
221, 222. 
Dousett, Capt. Peter, 213. 
Downing, Benj., 57. 
Downs, Asa, 426. 
Ephraim, 425. 
Paul, 136. 
Dracut, 345. 

Drake, , 282. 

George, 449. 
Dresser, Stephen, 145. 



[NDEX 



171 



Drew, Benjamin, 136. 
Dudley, 346. 

Benjamin, 378. 
Dudley's Island, 19, 230. 
Duglas, see Douglass. 
Duglis, Simon, 174. 
Dukes County, 114, 342, 402. 
Dunlap, John, 175. 
Dunn, James, 268. 

James, 2nd, 268. 
Dunning, Andrew, 175. 
Dunsick, Prince, 281. 
Dunstable, 345. 
Durfee, Thomas, 367. 
Durgen, William, 224. 
Durham, 282, 283, 293, 295. 
Durrell, Thomas, 223, 224. 
Dutch Loan, the, 45. 
Dutchtrap, 340. 
Dutton, Samuel, 273, 378. 
Duxborough, 17. 
Dwelly. Lemuel, 282. 
Dyer, Henry, 326. 

E 

Eames, Tabe, 360. 

Thomas, 360. 
Earll, Nathaniel, 16. 
Eastern Bay, 143. 
Eastern Claims, the, 92. 
Eastham, 17, 229, 345. 
Easton, 345. 
East Penobscot, 138. 
Eaye, Joshua, 209. 
Eayrs, William, 209. 
Eddy, ) 
Edy, { Col. , 14, 250. 

Mr. , 368. 

Jonathan, 19, 20, 134, 425. 
Eddy's Township, 250. 
Edgecombe, 63, 137. 
Edgerton, 276. 
Edy, see Eddy. 
Eliot, Simon, 340. 
Ellis, Mary, widow, 126, 127, 128. 

Capt. Paul, 128. 
Emerson, Brown, 458. 

Samuel, 199. 

William, 327. 
Emery, Caleb, 155, 262, 344. 

Major Caleb, 141. 

Daniel, 223. 

James, 133. 

John, 175, 209, 426. 

Joshua, 358. 

Nathan, 209. 
Emmons, John, 140, 268, 269. 

John, 2nd, 268. 
England, 73, 84, 102. 



English, the, 107, 203; see also 

British, the. 
Ensign Island, 360, 361. 
Ervinshire, 17. 
Esquire Ossang, 240. 
Essemenosque, 77, 78, 93, 106, 

109, 110. 
Essex, 258, 259. 
Newspaper, 19. 

County, 167, 210, 216, 218, 219, 
258, 259, 260, 261, 276, 342, 
345, 390, 422. 
Eveleth, Nathaniel, 391, 427. 
Ewell, Charles, 380. 
Henry, 380. 
Henry, Jr., 380. 
Malachi, 380. 



Fabyan, Joshua, 446. 
Fairbanks, Asa, 275. 

Asa, Jr., 275. 

Cyrus, 389. 
Fairfield, 63. 

John, 57. 

Josiah, 155. 
Fales, David, Jr., 59. 

James, 59. 

James, Jr., 59. 

Nathaniel, 4, 59. 

Nathaniel, Jr., 59. 
Falmouth, Maine, 15, 16, 28, 29, 
37, 60, 63, 88, 126, 127, 128, 
134, 135, 139, 144, 158, 165, 
173, 176, 179, 182, 227, 228, 
257, 258, 259, 280, 261, 262, 
402, 403, 405, 446, 456, 459. 

Bridge, 15. 

Court, 37, 38. 

Gazette, the, 49, 127, 228. 

Harbor, 198. 

Meeting House, 49. 

Naval Office, 179. 

Newspapers, 173. 

Port of, 179. 

Mass., 345. 
Farley, Mr. , sheriff, 259. 

John, 66, 

Joseph, 345. 
Farnham, Joshua, 186. 

Ralph, 136. 

Zebediah, 200. 
Farrar, John, 174. 
Farrington, Daniel, 275. 
Farwell, Bunker, 451, 453, 454. 

Ebenezer, 452. 
Felt, George, 87. 
Fendersen, William, 333. 
Fernald, Joel, 411. 



472 



|)()('I\II .\TAKV HISTORY 



Ferry, 141. 

Finnelld, | 

Pirnelld, \ Clement, 351, 353. 

First Great Long Marsh, 81. 

Pish, Jivah, 281. 

William, 380. 
Fisher, Mr. , 239. 

Hezekiah, 275. 

Jabez, 275, 376. 

Jabez, Jr., 275, 376. 

Joseph, 275. 

Nathaniel, 376. 

Pelatiah, 275. 

Relatiak, 376. 

Samuel, 274, 276. 

Simeon, 275. 
Fisheries, ) 1,2,86,87,102,103, 
Fishing, j 133, 209, 217, 220, 
221, 232, 233, 356, 357, 391. 
Fishway, A., 263. 
Fitch, John, 340. 

Richard, 389. 

Zechr., 389. 
Fitchburg, 346. 
Fitts, Ephraim, 199. 
Fleecker, see Flucker. 
Fletcher, ) 
Flatcher, \ Brian, 458. 

Capt. John, 216, 219. 

Joseph, 377. 
Flint, Edward, 389. 
Flintstown, 387, 388, 389. 
Flucker, ) 
Fleecker, ( Hannah, 32, 412, 413. 

Thomas, 2, 3, 5, 32, 412. 
Flying Point, 81, 82, 91. 
Fobes, Jonah, 181. 
Fogg, Ebenezer, 446. 

Reuben, 447. 
Follansbee, Thomas, 199. 

Thomas, Jr., 199. 
Follet, Jesse, 378. 
Folsom, Jeremiah, 294. 
Fontain, ) 

Fountain, j Stephen, 131, 172. 
Foot, Thomas, 199. 
Forbes, Eli, 326, 351. 
Ford, Charles, 181. 

Paul, 290. 
Forster, Isaac, 181. 
Forts and Garrisons, 

at Machias, 29, 30, 130, 225. 

at Pejepscot, 87. 

at Penobscot, 119. 

at Phipps Canada, 115. 
Fort Halifax, 416. 

Richmond, 95. 

Western, 415. 



Fosdicke, Nathaniel F., 268, 438. 

Nathaniel F., 2nd, 268. 
Foss, Joseph, 269. 
Foster, Asahel, 332. 

Hatherly, 199. 

Samuel, 38, 147. 

William, 175. 
Fountan, see Fontain. 
Fowler, Mr. , 27, 348. 

John, 264. 

Simeon, 422. 
Fox Island, 123, 138, 217, 221, 
222, 230. 

Plantation, 343. 
France, 183, 192, 196, 255, 256, 
348, 349. 

the Consul of, 256. 

the King of, 255, 349, 370. 
Francis, Thomas, 282. 
Francisborough, 137, 229, 315, 

316, 331, 332. 
Frankling, R., 363. 
Frazier, Moses, 219. 
Frederick Island, 230. 
Freeman, Enoch, 179, 260. 

Samuel, 28, 127, 261, 403, 429, 
430, 449. 

Solomon, 202, 204. 
Freer, Abraham, 209. 

Isaac, 209. 
Freetown, 354, 355. 
French, the, 370; see also under 

France. 
French Point, 238, 243, 244. 
Frenchman's Bay, 55, 56. 
Frost, James, 16, 228. 

John, 410. 
Frost, Tob., 269. 

William, 292, 293, 294, 327. 

William, Jr., 188. 

Frothingham, Mr. , 38, 39, 

278 

John,' 266, 267. 
Frye, Joseph, 142. 
Fryeburg, 16, 17, 63, 137, 140, 

145, 335, 459. 
Fryes Town, 142. 
Fuller, Joshua, 143. 
Fullerton, Ebenezer, 6, 7, 9, 21, 

22, 23, 24, 25, 26. 
Fulton, James, 174, 273. 
Furbish, Samuel, 290. 
Furneld, Tobias, 410. 

G 

Gall, James, 340. 
Galtail, Thomas, 351. 
Gamman, Samuel, 325. 



INDEX 



473 



Gardner, David, 399, 400. 

George, 425. 

Henry, 408, 409, 411. 

John, 143. 
Gatchell, Benjamin, 175. 

Nehimiah, 452, 454. 

Stephen, 175. 

William, 175. 

William, 2nd, 175. 
Gates, Samuel, 351. 
Gay, David, 334. 

Louis, Jr., 442. 
Georgetown, 17, 63, 64, 123, 137, 

164, 229, 432, 433. 
Germans, the, 379. 
Gerrish, Samuel, 142. 
Getchel, Dennis, 344, 437. 

Gibbs, , 94. 

Gilbert, Henry, 282. 
Gilkey, John, 360. 

Thomas, 360. 

Gill, Mr. , 234. 

Gillant, Samuel, 282. 
Gilman, Andrew, 209, 462. 

Eliphalet, 378. 

Samuel, S., 378. 
Gilmore, ) 
Gillmore, j David, 274, 376. 

James. 273, 274, 375, 376. 
Gillpatrick, Benjamin, 155. 

H., 155. 

Joseph, 155. 

Thomas, 155. 
Ginn, James, 425. 
Given, David, 339, 340. 
Gloversboro, 459. 

Godbold, Mr. , 123. 

Godfrey, Benjamin, 353. 

Daniel. 271, 272. 
Gold, Jabez, 377. 
Gooch, Samuel, 139, 140. 
Goodhue, Benjamin, 50, 256. 
Gooding, John, 59. 
Goodwin, , 270. 

Dominicus, 167, 188, 304. 

Ephram, 136. 

George, 458. 

Ichabod, 187, 188, 304. 

Maj.-Gen. Ichabod, 211. 

James, 304. 

John, 288. 

Lazarus, 458. 

Gordon, Mr. , 62. 

Gore, 17. 

Gorges, Mr. , 85. 

Gorham, 63, 139, 227, 228, 322, 
323, 326, 333, 459. 

Mr. , 278. 

John, 142. 



Gorham, continued. 

Nathaniel, 15, 18, 25, 27, 29, 50, 
53, 67, 118, 119, 121, 158, 201, 
203. 

William, 378. 
Gorvell, Jonathan, 290. 
Goudy, William, 172. 
Gould, Moriah, 399. 

Nathaniel, 223, 224, 426. 
Gouldsborough, 350, 351, 352, 
353. 

Port of, 62. 
Grammet, Joseph, 351. 
Grant, Alexander, 223, 224, 251. 

John, 224. 

Martun, 175. 
Granville, 17. 

Gray, 17, 63, 139, 163, 164, 229, 
426. 

Joseph, 200. 

Thomas, 464. 
Great Bay Creek Thatch, 81. 
Great Britain. 130, 134, 135, 171, 
172, 185, 231, 273, 284, 334. 

the King of, 249. 
Great Palls, 115. 

Great Long Marsh, the First, 81. 
Great Ossipee River, 142, 155. 
Greenwich, 17. 

Gregoire, Lady , 255, 336, 

347, 348, 349, 350. 

Mons. , 255, 336, 347, 350. 

Gridley, Mr. , 80. 

Griffith, William, 360. 
Grimes, Winx., 360. 
Grindstones, 123. 
Groton, 345. 

Groset, Mr. , 367. 

Grow, Capt. William, Jr., 232. 
Gubleail, John, 353. 
Gubtail, Benjamin, 287. 

James, 291. 

Samuel, 288. 

William, 288. 
Gubteail, John, Jr., 353. 
Guillame, Thomas, 206. 
Gupteal, Amos, 56. 
Guptil, John, Jr., 351. 

H 

Hagget, William, 134, 135. 
Haggins, John, 305. 
Haited, Benjamin, 180. 
Haley, John, 327. 
Halifax, 148, 203. 

Plan, the, 19. 
Hall, Charles, 436. 

Enoch, 181. 

James, 5. 



17! 



DOCUMEXTAUY HISTORY 



Hall, continual. 
Jeremiah, 377. 
Ilt'iiben, 340. 
Stephen, 359, 378. 
Hallowell, 63, 137, 272, 277, 339, 
378, 385, 386, 387, 452, 453, 
454, 457, 459. 
Halsey, James, 91. 
Ham, John, 174. 
Ilamden, Samuel, 345. 
Hamilton, Abiel, 288. 
Jonathan, 305, 335. 
Joseph, 287. 
Hampshire County, 163, 164, 165, 
211, 229, 276, 342, 345, 346, 
390, 401, 422. 
Hancock, 63, 138, 165, 229, 394, 
395, 460. 
John, 119, 120, 124, 463. 
Hanscom, Thomas, 410. 
Hanson, Ebenezer, 291. 

Isaac, 288. 

Harden, Isac, Jr., 378. 

Harding, Joseph, 275. 

Simon, 389. 

Stephen, 268, 269. 

Stephen, 2nd, 268. 

Hardison, Joseph, 288. 

Nathaniel, 56. 
Hardwick, 139. 
I [arford, Joseph, 146. 
Harmon, Daniel, 436. 

Capt. John, Jr., 184, 232, 233. 

Samuel. 333, 445. 

Capt. Thomas, 125, 126, 154, 

184, 232, 233. 
Capt. Zehulon, 153, 154, 184, 

232, 233. 
Capt. Zebulon, Jr., 125, 153, 
154, 184. 
Harpswell, 17, 63, 90, 139, 198. 
Harraseket, 459. 
Harris, Moses, 181. 
Harron, John, 96. 
Harthorn, Solomon, 425. 
Harvard, 346. 

College, see Cambridge, Uni- 
versity at. 
Harward, George, 174. 
Harwood, Capt, Nathan, 383, 384. 

Peter, 389. 
Hasey, Rev. Isaac, 302, 303, 304, 

305. 
Hastings, Moses, 151. 
Hastv, James, 436. 
William, Jr., 271. 
Hatch, Francis, Jr., 147, 148, 149, 
150. 
Jeremiah, 360. 



Hatch, continued. 

Obediah, 223, 224. 
Hathaway, Philip, Jr., 355. 
Hathorne Mill Stream, 32. 

Silas, 209. 
Haverhill, 357. 
Hawes, Joseph, 275, 376. 

Hawley, Mr. , 80. 

Haywood, James, 327. 
Joseph, 327. 
Lemuel, 328. 
Samuel, 327. 
AVilliam, 327. 
Heal, Clemet, 136. 
Heald, John, 431. 
Josiah, 399, 432. 
Thomas. 399, 431. 
Heale, John, 398. 
Heard, Benjamin, 288. 
Thomas, 288. 
Tristram, 290. 
Hearsey, Nathaniel, 458. 

Heath, Col. , 94. 

Cornelius, 175. 
Heaton, Isaac, 275. 

Noah, 275. 
Hell's Gate, 82. 
Herinton. Joseph, 200. 
Herrick, Eli, 281. 
John, 438. 
Samuel, 281. 
Heywood, Peter, 264, 319, 429. 

Peter, Jr., 264. 
Hibbert, Joseph, 40, 204, 205, 

206, 462. 
Hichborne, Benjamin, 133. 

Higgins, Capt. , 175. 

Bangman, 175. 
Highways, see Roads. 

Hill, Mr. , 156. 

Jeremiah, 141, 155. 
John, 141, 335, 344. 
Jonathan, 139, 140. 
Thomas, 326, 351, 353. 
Hilton, Benjamin, 333. 
Hinds, Benjamin, 399. 
Hine, Richard, 389. 
Hinckley, Aaron, 174. 
James, 378. 
Nathaniel, 378. 
Stephen, 175, 377. 
Thomas, 378. 
Hispaniola, 184. 
• ; ; tchbourn, Mr. — — , 201. 
Hobbs, Charlotte, 298. 
David, 295, 298, 302. 
John, 269. 
Hobby, Wensley, 199. 



i xm:x 



475 



Hodgdon, Alexander, 230, 330, 
346, 390, 401, 402, 445, 463, 
464. 

Benjamin, 139, 224. 

Moses, 139, 224. 
Hodsdon, Israel, 288. 

Joshua, 288. 

Moses, 288. 

Thomas, Jr., 358. 
Hoggen, Mickel, 175. 
Ilolbrook, Jesse, 174. 
Holden, 17. 
Holland, 192. 

Capt. John, 213. 

William, 131. 
Holliston, 345. 
Hollowell. see Hallowell. 
Holmes, Mr. , 367. 

Samuel, 145. 
Holt, Isaiah, 161. 
Holyoke, John, 426. 
Hooper, Benjamin, 133. 

David, 56. 

William, 287. 
Horland, Henry, 383; see also 

Howland. 
Horseneck, 162. 
Horsom, Jacob, 136. 
Hosmer, , 265. 

James, 66. 

Joseph, 256, 336, 342, 348, 359. 
House, Joseph, 380. 
Hovey, Capt. Dominicus, 213. 
Hovey, Jno., 57. 
Howard, Caleb, 380. 

James, 132. 

William, 458. 
Howardstown, 17, 63, 164, 165. 

Howe, Mr. , 204. 

Howerd, Thomas, 209. 
Howland, } 

Horland, ( Henry, 383, 401. 
Hpanola, see Hispaniola. 
Hubbard, Jonathan, 269. 

Joseph, 139, 140, 448. 

Joshua, 141, 291. 
Huckings, Clement, 131. 

Samuel, 131. 
Hudson's River, 362. 
Hughes, Robert, 351. 
Hunnewell, Richard, 438. 
Hunt, John, 380. 

Steward, 3. 
Hunter, James, 175. 

Col. James, 158. 

Joseph, 66. 
Huntriss, Pearson, 327. 
Hussey, Samuel, 458. 
Huston, James, 234, 235. 



Hutchins, John, 426. 
Hutchinson, , 149. 



Ilsley, Hosea, 268, 269. 

Hosea, 2nd, 268. 
Independent Chronicle, The, 19, 

362. 
Indian Calendar, 279. 
Lands, 13, 14, 107, 362. 
Trade 103. 
Indians,' ) 77, 78, 79, 84, 85, 86, 
Savages, ] 87, 88, 89, 90, 92, 94, 
95, 96, 103, 105, 106, 107, 108, 
110, 112, 113, 114, 121, 122, 
148, 236, 362, 363, 370, 462, 
463. 
Eastern, 89. 

see also under tribal names. 
Ingalls, ) 

Ingals, j Isaiah, 236. 
Phinehas, 327. 
William, 216. 
Ingham, David, 175. 

Stephen, 174. 
Ipswich, 218, 219, 260, 261, 276. 
Irish, William, 181. 
Ivers, Thomas, 12, 125, 151, 165, 
185, 222, 223, 231, 271, 320, 
322, 445. 



Jackson, David, 378. 
Jacobs, Benjamin, 327. 
James I of England, 73. 
January First to be adopted as 
the first day of the year, 279. 
Jarvis, Mr. , 156, 204, 239. 

Leonard, 152, 440, 464. 
Javnes, Benjamin, 199. 
Jefferds, William, 140, 225. 
Jennings, Daniel, 271. 

John, 281. 

Samuel, 272. 
Jeremy Squam Bay, 81. 

Island, 91. 
Jewett, Jedediah, 273. 
Johnson, Jesse, 456. 

Thomas, 94. 

Jones, Col. , 4, 68. 

Jones, Mr. , 15. 

, survey of, 94. 

Abijah, 351. 

Edward. 281. 

Elisha, 389. 

Ichabod, 143. 

Jabez, 402, 403, 404, 405. 

Luke, 379. 



!7<; 



DOCl M ENTART EISTOEY 



Jones, continued. 

.Mark, 340. 

Michael, 339, 340. 

Nathan, 351. 

Nathan, Jr., 351. 

Plantation, 459. 

Richard, 339, 340. 

Samuel, 287. 

Stephen, 131, 133, 230, 373. 

Theodore, 326. 

Capt. Thomas, 212, 213. 
Jordan, Abijah, 175. 

Capt. Israel, 213. 

John, 175. 

John, Jr., 175. 

Nathaniel, 449. 

Peter, 175. 

Richard, 133. 

Robert, 175. 
Joudrie, James, 334. 
Joy, Charles, 462. 

Samuel, 353. 
Jurman, Joseph, 209. 

K 

Keating, Richard, 59. 
Keay, Peter, 302, 304. 
Keen, Jacob, Jr., 59. 

James, 181. 

John, 181. 

Meshack, 181. 
Keith, Zeph., 398. 
Kelly, Richard, 327. 
Kenebis, 83. 
Kennady, Robert, 378. 
Kennebec, 78, 88, 92 93, 98, 101, 

102, 103, 104, 105, 113, 115, 
116, 173, 174, 390. 

Claims, 72, 156. 

Company, .see Kennebec Pro- 
prietors. 

Indians, 107. 

Patent, 100, 101, 105, 107, 113. 

Proprietors, 84, 104. 

Purchase, 71, 72, 80; also 
called Plymouth Company, 
which see. 

River, 14, 30, 31, 32, 33, 70, 71, 
72, 73, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 
81, 82, 84, 85, 86, 90, 91, 92, 
93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99, 101, 

103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 109, 
111, 112. 113, 115, 116, 117, 
118, 198, 272, 405, 412, 415, 
416, 417. 

Falls, 75, 97, 101. 

Islands in. 84, 85, 86, 97. 
Kenney, Henry, 426. 
Keth. John, 380. 



Kilby, Hugh, 59. 

James, 59. 
Kilgore, Joseph, 145. 
Kimball, James, 328. 

Richard, 199. 
Kinsman, Jonathan, 252, 295, 

381. 
Kissek, John, 333. 
Kites and State Notes, 126, 127. 
Kittery, 63, 136, 140, 141, 223, 

224, 225, 408, 409, 410, 411. 
Knap, Maj. Moses, 14, 391, 394, 

424. 
Knox, Henry, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 412. 
K— er, George, 333. 



Labbree, Benjamin, 380. 
LaFayette, Marquis, de, 255. 
Laighton, Hatewill, 131. 
Lake, Capt. Thomas, 77, 78, 80, 

82, 83, 91, 106, 113, 116. 
Lamb, Joshua, 334. 
La Motte Cadillac, Mons., 255, 
348, 349, .see also Gregoire, 
Lady. 
Land Lottery Bill, 420, 421. 
Lane, Daniel, 281. 
Daniel, Jr., 281. 
Giddins, 282. 
Capt. Jabez, 145. 
Langdon, Jim, 132. 

Timothy, 21, 22, 23, 24, 146. 
Langhton, John, 398, 399. 
Larrabee, Benjamin, 175. 
John, 282, 438. 
Nathaniel, 174. 
Nathaniel, Jr., 175. 
Stephen, 282. 
Lawrence, David, 275. 
Ebenezer, 275. 
Nehemiah, 389. 
Lawson, Christopher, 77, 78, 81, 
82, 83, 96, 97, 98, 109, 110, 
116. 
Lasdell Island, 360, 361. 

Leach, Capt. , 157. 

Leachmore, Richard, 32. 
Leavitt, Joseph, 223, 224. 
Lebanon, 63, 135, 137, 140, 159, 
160, 165, 187, 224, 302, 303, 
304, 305, 335, 337, 338, 339. 
Congregational Church, 303. 

Lee, Mr. , 119, 202, 203, 207, 

208. 
John, 206, 257, 462. 
Leishman, John, 186. 

Lewis, , Justice, 403. 

George, 175. 



INDEX 



477 



Lewis, continued. 
John, 29. 
Joseph, 200. 
Samuel, 175. 
Thomas, H., 410. 
Thomas Mayo, 174. 
William, 410. 
Lewiston, ) 17, 63, 137, 164, 165, 
Lewistown, J 437, 438, 459. 
Lexington, Battle of, 456. 
Libbee, ) 

Libby, \ Benjamin, 271. 
Ebenezer, 442, 444. 
Joseph, 155. 
Peter, 446, 447. 
Samuel, 353. 
Light-Houses, 19S, 199, 200. 
Lilley, Reuben. 363. 
Lilly, George, 210. 
Lime Island, 360, 361. 
Limerick, 17, 63, 136, 163, 224, 

381. 
Lincoln, 345. 

Capt. Amos, 271. 
Maj.-Gen. Benjamin, 210, 242, 
243, 245, 246, 249, 256, 257, 
354, 404, 462. 
Benjamin, Jr., 157. 
County, 4, 5, 6, 12, 13, 14, 15, 
18, 24, 26, 28, 32, 33, 34, 49, 
55, 63, 64, 66, 68, 69, 70, 71, 
72, 77, 78, 79, 91, 111, 119, 
128, 129. 131, 132, 137, 146, 
150, 156, 157, 158, 163, 164, 
165, 168, 169, 170, 172, 173, 

198, 200, 206, 210. 211, 217, 
220, 229, 233, 238, 244, 250, 
251, 255, 271. 272, 273, 277, 
281, 315, 316' 324, 331, 334, 
339, 340, 341, 342, 343, 349, 
350, 351, 352, 354, 360, 361, 
377, 378, 379, 392, 393, 394, 
398, 401, 402, 404, 406, 407, 
412, 415, 416, 419, 422, 423, 
429. 430, 432, 433, 436, 448, 
451, 452, 453, 455, 457, 460, 
463. 

Goal, 7, 21, 25, 27. 

Eastern District, 128, 131, 132, 

133. 
Doedat. 199. 
Lindsev, Samuel. 232. 
Lithgow. William, 24, 26, 66, 121, 
123, 132. 198, 199, 211, 340. 
William. Jr.. 64, 66, 121, 132, 

199, 419, 420, 433. 
Little. Col. , 281. 

Little Androscoggin River, ISO, 
181. 



Little Damariscove Island, 84. 
Little Falls, 17, 63, 137, 164, 165, 

166, 167, 223, 234, 229. 
Littlefield, Lieut. Jeremiah, 149. 

Noah, M., 144, 344. 

Capt. Noahm tr , 184. 

Capt. Richard, 232. 
Little Long Island, 360, 361. 
Little Ossipee, 137, 229. 
Livermore, Jason, 377. 

Samuel, 143. 
Livermore's Town, 20. 
Lombard, Joseph, 199. 

Luke, 200. 
London, 69, 152, 206. 
Long, Daniel, 327. 
Long Island, 138. 

Penobscot, 230, 343, 360, 361, 
363. 
Lonfellow, David, 131. 

Capt. David, 133. 

Nathan, 29. 

Stephen, Jr., 378. 
Longley, ) 
Longuley, j John, 432. 

Zachariah, 398, 432. 
Long Marsh, 81. 
Lord, Charlotte, 290, 298. 

George, 290, 295. 

Isaac, 291, 295. 

Jacob, 288. 

Lydia, daughter of Samuel, 
291, 298. 

Lydia, widow of Samuel, 283, 
284, 287. 293. 

Mark, 253, 254, 255. 

Nancy, 289, 290, 298. 

Nathan, 159, 160, 337. 

Nathan, Jr., 291. 

Paul, 290. 

Samuel. 283, 284, 285, 287, 
290, 292, 293, 294, 295, 296, 
298 

Tobias. 57, 288. 
Loring, Jerome, 199. 
Lormond, William, 340. 
Lottery, 228. 420, 421. 
Loudar, Jonathan, 392. 
Louis XIV., 255, 347, 349. 
Loveitt, Isaac, 59. 
Lovell, Gen. , 369. 

Thomas, 272. 
Low, Capt. Edward, 232. 

Nathaniel, 151, 233, 235. 

William, 174. 
Lowder. Mr. , 204. 

Jonathan, 206. 
Lowell, Bangman, 209. 

John, 50, 157, 199, 201. 






I >< >< I M i; N TARY HISTORY 



Lowell, continued. 

Jonathan, 436. 

Moses, 389. 

Lucas, Mr. , 464. 

Ludlow, 229. 

Lunenburgh, 346. 

Lunt, James, Jr., 126, 127. 

Mrs. James, Jr., 126. 

Joseph, 199. 

Lyman, Mr. , 357. 

Lyon, James, 182, 183. 
Lyttleton, 345. 

M 

McClenen, Thomas, 59. 
McCobb, Mr. , 256. 

Samuel, 120, 121, 418, 419, 420. 

William, 6, 9, 21, 22., 23, 24, 
25, 26, 186, 204, 217. 
McCordey, Robert, 426. 
McCracken, John, 15. 
McDaniel, John, 351, 353. 
McFarland, Benjamin, 200. 

Robert, 175. 
McGuire, Capt. , 41. 

John, 131, 172. 
McGuyer, Patrick, 6, 7, 9, 22, 23, 

24, 25, 26. 

Thomas, 6, 7, 8, 9, 22, 23, 24, 

25, 26. 
McLallan, Bryce, 263. 
McLellan, Capt. Cory, 430, 449. 

Joseph, Jr., 269. 
Stephen, 268. 
McMahan, Thankful, 251. 
McPhetres, Archibald, 462. 
Machias, 12, 29, 68, 122, 128, 129, 
130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 138, 
143, 151, 182, 212, 213, 225, 
229, 230, 367, 368, 369, 373, 
374, 399, 400, 415, 464. 
Harbor, 368, 369. 
Meeting House, 130. 
Port of. 12. 
River, 36S. 
Mns^aeadava River, 19. 
M:is;oon, Josiah, 136. 
Magune, Edward, 136. 
Maine, Province of, 80, 89. 
Majorbigwaduce, ] 25, 39, 58, 68, 
Bagedoose, *> 202. 204, 206, 

Begeduce. J 208, 217, 225, 

257, 369, 370. 
Maiden, 229. 
Man, ) 

Mann, ( David, 275. 
Elisha, 275. 
Hannah, 391, 392, 393. 
Robert, 391, 392, 393. 



Manning, Dr. , 423. 

Mansell, John, 425. 

Joseph, 425. 
Mantawomkeektook River, 236, 

237, 241. 
Maquoit, \ 

Mequoit, (84,85,86,90. 
Marden, Joseph, 290. 
Mariner, ) 
Marriner, j John, 175. 
John, Jr., 175. 
Naler, 175. 
Samuel, 175. 
William, 175. 
Marit, Henry, 175. 
Marks, of Baggadussett, 79. 
Eayrs, William, 209. 
Essemenosque, 78. 
Door, Salias, 136. 
Godfrey, Daniel, 272. 
Jurman, Joseph, 209. 
Libby, Benjamin, 271. 
Lowell, Bangman, 209. 
McDaniel, John, 351, 353. 
Page, Isaac, 209. 
Page, James, 209. 
Page, Joseph, 209. 
Page, Joseph, Jr., 209. 
Spencer, Daniel, 209. 
Storer, Benjamin, 333. 
Marlborough, 165. 
Marr, Dennis, 416. 
Marriages, Irregular, 244. 
Marrow, J., 287. 

Joseph, 287. 
Marsh, David, 142. 

John, 209. 

Mary II., Queen of England, 80. 

Mason, Ebenezer, 427. 

Massabee, ] 

Massabesec, 

Massabeseck, 

Massabesick, 17, 63, 136, 163, 

Massebesec, J 164, 165, 224, 229. 

Massachusetts, Commonwealth 

and State of, 1, 2, 4, 6, 10, 11, 

12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 

20, 24, 25, 26, 27, 30, 31, 32, 

33, 34, 35, 39, 40, 41, 42, 44, 

46, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 54, 55, 

56, 58, 60, 61, 62, 64, 66, 67, 

68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 117, 118, 

119, 120, 121, 124, 127, 128, 

129, 130, 131, 134, 135, 144, 

145, 147, 148, 150, 151, 153, 

155, 158, 159, 160, 161, 162, 

165, 166, 167, 168, 169, 170, 

172, 173, 179, 181, 185, 186, 

187, 189, 191, 193, 195, 196, 



INDEX 



479 



Massachusetl 


s, continued. 




197, 


198, 


200, 


201, 


202, 


210 


214, 


215, 


218, 


219, 


223, 


225 


226, 


227, 


228, 


230, 


232, 


233 


235, 


237, 


238, 


239, 


240, 


241 


242, 


243, 


244, 


245, 


246, 


247 


248, 


249, 


251, 


253, 


256, 


257 


260, 


262, 


264, 


265, 


266, 


269 


271, 


272, 


273, 


275, 


277, 


278 


279, 


280, 


281, 


286, 


293, 


297 


298, 


302, 


305, 


306, 


307, 


313 


314, 


315, 


316, 


317, 


320, 


325 


326, 


331, 


332, 


334, 


335, 


336 


337, 


338, 


339, 


340, 


343, 


344 


345, 


346, 


347, 


348, 


349, 


350 


351, 


352, 


353, 


354, 


355, 


356 


357, 


358, 


359, 


360, 


361, 


362 


364, 


365, 


366, 


367, 


368, 


373 


374, 


375, 


377, 


379, 


382, 


383 


385, 


386, 


387, 


388, 


391, 


392 


393, 


394, 


395, 


397, 


398, 


399 


400, 


404, 


405, 


406, 


407, 


408 


409, 


411, 


412, 


413, 


415, 


416 


417, 


418, 


419, 


420, 


421, 


422, 


423, 


424, 


437, 


438, 


439, 


442* 


443, 


444, 


447, 


448, 


450, 


451, 


454, 


455, 


457, 


460, 


461, 


462, 


463, 


464. 











Massachusetts Bay Colony and 
Province, 80, 89, 113, 169, 
170. 
Masts, 264, 265, 266. 
Matthannada, 78, 79. 
May, Elisha, 278. 
Mayhew, Andrew, 426. 
Mayo Ebenezer, 268, 269. 

Ebenezer, 2nd, 268. 
Medfield, 345. 
Medford, 264. 
Medomick, ) 
Meduniuc, } Falls, 36. 

River, 35, 36. 
Meduncook, { 

Medencook, { 17, 63, 138, 229. 
Medway, 345. 
Melchen, Samuel, 174. 
Menele, Levi, 136. 
Merit, Daniel, 132. 
Merrey, Joseph, 136. 

Samuel, 136. 
Merriconeag Neck, 85, 86, 90. 
Merrill, Abner, 282. 

Benjamin, 282. 

Enoch, 333. 

John, 391, 427. 
Merrimac River, 1, 2. 
Merryfield, 17, 164. 



Merry-Meeting Bay, 82, 84, 85, 
90, 96, 103, 104, 105, 106, 108, 
110, 114, 172, 173, 174. 

Islands in, 86. 
Messingers Island, 340. 
Metcalf, Billy, 376. 

Ebenezer, 275, 376. 

Hannah, 275. 

James, 275, 376. 

John, 376. 

Stephen, 256. 
Middleboro, 341. 
Middlesex County, 165, 211, 229, 

276, 342, 345, 360, 422. 
Middleton, 345. 

Capt. , 207, 208. 

Mighill, Abner, 363. 

Aaron, 363. 
Milford, 346. 
Militia, the, 48, 49, 53, 210, 211, 

Act, the, 49, 53. 
Miller, Ephraim, 334. 

James, 327. 

John, 327. 
Miller, John B., 327. 

Noah, 334. 
Millet, Paul Solomon, 282. 
Milliken, Benjamin, 142. 
Mills, 5, 57, 229, 230, 249, 250, 
263, 324, 327, 328, 343, 367, 
369, 371, 390. 
Milton, 234, 345. 
Miner, George, 360. 
Minot, George R., 4. 

James, 6. 

Widow, 6. 
Mitchell, David, 345. 

Nathan, 367. 
Modocahant, 92. 
Moffit, James, 61, 62. 
Monmouth, Battle of, 128. 
Monney, Patrick, 251. 
Monquine, 76, 77, 78, 79, 93, 99, 
106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 
112, 113. 
Monsweeg Bay, 81, 82, 91, 92. 

Brook, 91. 

River, S2, 91. 
Montgomery, John, 377. 
Moody, James, 436. 

Joshua, 436. 

Lemuel, 269. 

Nathaniel Green, 144. 

William, 269. 

William, 2nd, 269. 

William, 3rd, 269. 
Moore, Benjamin, 399. 

David, 289. 

Ebenezer, 437. 



t80 



DOCI' M E N TAB Y III STORY 



Moore, continued. 

Goffe, 398. 

Joel, 353. 
Moose Island, 19, 68, 151, 152, 
170, 171, 172, 230, 231, 260, 
261. 
Morgan, James, 131. 
Morse, Daniel, 59. 

Zebadiah, 384. 
Morss, Eliphalet, Jr., 268, 269. 

Stephen, 199. 
Motley, Elex r , 269. 

Samuel, 269. 

Thomas, 268. 

Thomas, 2nd, 268. 

Thomas, 3rd, 268. 
Mott, James, 175. 
Moulton, Daniel, 88. 

Johnson, 222, 223. 
Mount Desert, 138, 255, 326, 429, 
448. 

Plantation, 229, 342. 
Mowat, | 

Mowit, J Capt. Henry, 217, 221. 
Mower, John, 282. 
Murray, John, 200. 
Muscongus Line, the, 35. 

River. 31, 35, 36. 
Mushemore, ) Capt. Henry, 154, 
MuHiemore, ) 232. 

Capt Jeffery, 125, 154, 232. 
Mussey, Daniel, 268. 

Daniel, 2nd, 268. 

Edmund, 433, 434, 435, 436, 440. 
.Muttahunda, 77. 
Myra field, 163. 



N 

Nahumkeeg Brook, 95. 

Falls, 95. 
Nantucket, 114, 211. 

County, 229, 276, 342, 402. 
Narrangansett, 101. 

Expedition, 170. 

No. Five, 142. 

River, 74, 100. 

i eg Point, 237, 241. 
Nason, Abraham, 146. 

Samu( 1, 448. 

anda, 76, 107. 
Nattawormet, ) 
N'atowornet, j 76, 79, 109. 
Naturalization, 417. 

ation Act, the, 371. 
Neconet Falls, 95. 
Needham, 345. 



Neguamkike, ] 
Negumkike, 

Nehumke, [-75, 81, 94, 95, 96, 
Netumkeeg, J 101. 
Brook, 95. 
Falls, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 101, 

102, 103, 106, 157. 
Neguntecook Harbor, 5. 
Neptune, Col. John, 240, 243. 
Nequasset, 82. 

Bay, 82. 
Nevers, Elisha, 209. 
New Ashford, 17, 163, 164. 
New Boston, 426. 
New Bowdoin, 156. 
New Bristol, 54, 55. 
New Brunswick, 68, 69, 129, 151, 

170, 171, 230, 231. 
New Canaan, 334. 
New England, 73, 74, 75. 
New Gloucester, 63, 391, 426, 427, 

459. 
New Hampshire, 2, 43, 144, 146, 

147, 155, 169, 170, 282, 283, 

286, 293, 295, 405, 415. 
New Meadow, 172, 198. 
Bay, 84. 
River, 173, 174. 
New Plymouth, 71, 73, 78; see 

also Plymouth, Mass. 
New Sandwich, 460. 
New Town, 241. 
New Worcester, 391, 392, 423, 

425. 
New York City, 65, 184, 212, 232, 

255 265. 
New York State, 42, 188, 189, 

363. 
Newbury, 146, 147, 368. 
Newburyport, 38, 184, 215, 216, 

217, 219, 221, 260, 276. 
Newcastle, 17, 63, 68, 138. 
Newfoundland, 216. 
Newman, Joseph, 353. 
Nichols, David, 289. 

John, 167, 168. 
Nickels, William, 326. 
Nifcumshiek Fall, 95. 
Nixon, Col. Thomas, 145, 146, 

147. 

Nobel, Mr. , 410, 411. 

Noble, Capt. Jesse, 212, 213. 

Thomas, 289. 
Nocke, Disco, 288. 
Nooks, Nathan, 136. 
Noonan, James, 351, 353. 
Norridgewalk, 17, 63, 95, 96, 109, 

112, 138, 164, 165, 229, 397, 

398, 430, 432, 459. 



INDEX 



1S1 



Norridgewalk, continued. 

Indians, 109. 
North, Mr. , 96. 

Mr. , surveyor, 94, 97. 

North Carolina, 184. 
North Gloucester, 139. 
North, Joseph, 132, 273, 458. 
North Yarmouth, 37, 38, 63, 139, 

405, 426. 
Northtown, 143. 
Notes, Consolidated State, 126, 

127 1^8 
Nova Scotia, 134, 147, 208, 206, 

325, 334, 368, 369, 392. 
Norwall, Capt. Silas, 183. 
Nowell, Zech., 268, 269. 
Noyes, Mr. , 29. 

Belcher, 89, 90. 

David, 447. 

Jacob, 268. 

Joseph, 15, 16, 128, 158, 344, 
446. 

Moses, 268, 269. 

Moses, 2nd, 268. 

Simon, 427. 
Nutting, Josiah, 399. 

Samuel, 398. 



O 

O'Brien, Jeremiah, 373. 

Capt. Joseph, 212, 213. 
Old Plymouth Colony, 73, 80, 100; 

see also under Plymouth. 
Old Town, 237, 241. 
Oldham, Daniel, 181. 

Pelig, 380. 
Orbeton, Jonathan, 59. 
Orcutt, Emerson, 425. 
Orfan Island, 415. 
Orino, 240. 
Osborn, James, 298. 

Nancy, 298. 
Osgood, Mr. , 357. 

Asa, 328. 

James, 327. 

Jonathan, 174. 

Joshua B., 327. 
Ossang, Esquire, 240. 
Ossipee River, 142, 155. 
Otis, James, 143. 

Samuel A., 1, 24, 280. 
Otisfield, 63, 139, 229, 315, 316, 

322, 331. 
Otto, Mons., 255. 
Owen, Ebenezer, 358, 359. 

Gideon, 199. 

Thomas, 199. 
Owl's Head, 217. 



Paddy, William, 79. 
Page, Enoch, 378. 

Isaac, 209. 

James, 209, 462. 

Joseph, 209. 

Joseph, Jr., 209. 

Robert, 20. 
Paine, Joshua, 174. 

Robert T., 208. 
Palfrey, John, 12. 
Palmer, General, 3. 

William, 378. 
Paris, 255. 
Parker, Asa, 399. 

Benjamin, 410. 

Edmund, 399. 

John, 87, 88, 104. 

Jordan, 123. 

Noah, 223, 408, 409, 410, 411. 

Samel 399. 
Parker's' Island, 81, 82, 104, 116. 
Parlin, Jonas, 399. 

Nathan, 398. 

Silas, 398. 
Parsons, Capt. David, 184. 

Isaac, 174, 262, 427. 

Joseph, 295, 298. 

Lydia, 298. 

Capt. Nathaniel, 125, 184. 

Thomas, 252, 253, 381. 
Parsonfield, 7 17, 137, 251, 253, 
Parsonsfield, \ 380, 381, 382. 
Partridgefield, 230. 
Passadunkee Island, 237, 241. 
Passamaquoddy, 129, 131, 151, 
231. 

Bay, 19, 68, 170, 171, 230, 231, 
238, 415. 

Islands in, 69. 

County, 13. 

Port of, 40, 41. 

River, 19. 
Pattee, Col. Ezekiel, 393, 394, 395. 
Patten, John, 57. 
Patterson, Mr. , 149. 

Major-General , 211. 

Benjamin, 156. 

Col. John, 148, 149. 

Joseph, 156. 
Peabody, John, 236, 327. 
Pearse, Capt. , 261. 

Samuel, 427. 

see also Pierce, and Peirce. 
Pearsontown, 63, 163, 164, 165. 
Peeal, an Indian, 462. 
Peek, George, 131. 
Peele, Jonathan 60. 
Peirce, Calven, 432. 



32 



482 



IxHTMKNTAKY HISTORY 



Peirce, continm d '. 
David, 399, 432. 
David. Jr., 432. 
John, 376. 
Luther, 432. 
Simon, 432. 

see also, Pear&e and Pierce. 
Peirson, George, 269. 

Samuel, 266, 267, 268, 269. 
Samuel, Jr., 268. 
Peirsontown, 164. 
Pejepscot, 85, 87, 90, 115. 
Bay, 85. 

Claim, 83, 90, 93, 114. 
Company, ) 83, 89, 90, 91, 84, 
Proprietors, ] 111, 115, 116, 117, 

118. 
River, 84, 85, 89. 
Islands in, 86. 
Pelham, 345. 
Pembroke Lands, 144. 

Pendexter, , 333. 

Pendleton, Gideon, 360. 
Job, 360. 
Jonathan, 360. 
Joshua, 360. 
Samuel, 360. 
Thomas, 360. 
William, 360, 362. 
Penhallow, Jonathan, 289. 
Pennsylvania, 363. 
Penobscot, 39, 88, 90, 119, 120, 
121, 132, 142, 204, 206, 208, 
229, 242, 373, 393, 425, 438, 
462. 
Bay, 32, 35, 36, 206, 214, 230, 
237, 343. 

Islands in, 237, 241, 249, 360, 
361, 362, 363. 
Expedition, 15, 60, 68, 197, 242. 
Indians, 14, 20, 121, 122, 236, 
237, 239, 240, 241, 242, 243, 
244, 247, 248, 249, 256, 257, 
462, 463. 
Long Island, 230, 343. 
Port of, 201, 202. 
River, 5, 13, 14, 19, 30, 32, 33, 
35, 36, 121, 122, 138, 229, 230, 
236, 237, 238, 239, 240, 241, 
242, 245, 247, 248, 249, 250, 
391, 392, 412, 413, 415, 416, 
417, 425, 461. 

Islands in, 230, 237, 238, 241, 
249. 
West Side, see Plantations 
west of Penobscot. 
Penrice, Posther, 61, 62. 

Joseph, 61, 62. 
Pepperelborough, 63, 137, 224. 



Pepperil, 345. 
Pequod War, 170. 

Perkins, Mrs. , 225. 

Jyrhemiah, 38. 
Thomas, 57, 223, 224. 
Perley, Enoch, 236. 
Perry, Barnabas, 282. 
Jesse, 353. 
Capt. William, 213. 
Peterson, John, Jr., 174. 
Philadelphia, 232. 
Philbrick, Gideon, 433, 434, 435, 
450. 
Jonathan, 181. 
Philbrook, Joseph, 360. 

William, 360. 
Philips, ) Ichabod, 281. 
Phillips, } 
Isaac, 281. 
Jarius, 281. 
John, 269. 
John, 2nd, 269. 
John, 3rd, 269. 

Samuel, Jr., 14, 18, 20, 27, 29, 
36, 50, 53, 64, 66, 67, 72, 118, 
119, 121, 149, 156, 158, 161, 
163, 168, 169, 173, 187, 201, 
203, 204, 214, 216, 218, 239, 
251, 254, 256, 258, 262, 277, 
278, 280, 283, 316, 317, 320, 
322, 323, 326, 333, 335, 336, 
337, 341, 342, 348, 350, 351, 
354, 359. 
Philips Canada, 114, 115. 
Phips, David, 143. 
Pierce, Capt. Daniel, 257, 258, 

259, 260, 261. 
John, 274. 
Joseph, 384. 

Josiah, 387, 388, 389; see also, 
Pearse and Peirce. 
Pierson, Samuel, 257, 258, 259, 

260, 261. 
Piersontown, 330. 
Pigwackwacket, 142. 
Pike, Humphrey, 133. 
Pinkham, Eleazer Allen, 282. 

Elisha, 282. 

Ichabod, 250. 

Capt. Ichabod, 200. 
Piscataqua, 101, 184, 233. 

River, 114, 227, 236, 237, 241. 
Pitcher, Abner, 380. 

Lues, 380. 

Nath", 380. 
Pittstown, ) 

Pitston, j 63, 138, 164. 
Plantation No. Seven, 17, 229. 

No. Twenty-two, 343. 



IXDEX 



483 



Plantation, continual. 
Berkshire Co., No. Seven, 163, 

164. 
East of Penobscot, 238. 

No. Eight, 415. 

No. Eleven, 415. 

No. Five, 138, 229, 343. 

No. Four, 138, 229, 343. 

No. Nine, 415. 

No. One, 138, 229, 342, 415. 

No. Seven, 415. 

No. Six, 138, 229, 343. 

No. Ten, 392, 415. 

No. Thirteen, 415. 

No. Three, 138, 229, 342. 

No. Twelve, 415. 

No. Twenty-three, 415. 

No. Two, 138, 229, 342, 415. 
East of Union River, 373. 

No. Five, 138, 229, 324, 343. 

No. Four, 138, 229, 324, 326, 
343. 

No. One, 138, 229, 324, 343. 

No. Six, 138, 229, 324, 343. 

No. Three, 138, 229, 324, 343, 
350, 351. 

No. Twenty-two, 138, 229, 324. 

No. Two, 138, 229, 343. 
Hampshire County, No. Seven, 

164, 165, 229. 
of Canaan, No. Five, 315, 316, 

331. 

No. Four, 315, 316, 331. 

No. One, 315, 316, 331. 

No. Six, 315, 316, 331. 

No. Three, 315, 316, 331. 

No. Twenty-two, 315, 316, 331. 
Plantations "West of Penobscot, 

138, 208, 229, 230, 343. 
see also, Townships. 
Pleasant River Township, 132. 
Pluruer, Ephram, 136. 

Jonathan, 328. 
Plymouth, England, 73. 

Mass., 276, see also, New Ply- 
mouth. 
Colony, 73, 77, 78, 79, 80, 98, 

100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 106, 

107, 113. 
Company, ) 14, 70, 

Kennebec Purchase, f 71, 72, 

73, 78, 80, 82, 83, 91, 105, 107, 

111, 113, 157, 437. 
Council, 31, 73, 75, 76, 78, 100, 

101. 
County, 37, 165, 211, 276, 342, 

390, 401, 412, 422. 
Patent, 36, 281. 
Proprietors, 82. 



Plympton, 37, 38. 
Pocanacutt, 74. 
Poland, Simon, 340. 
Polesre, Amos, 378. 
Pollard, Amos, 273. 

David, 273, 378. 

Samuel, 273. 
Pond, Asa, 275. 

Betty, 275. 
Poor, Amos, 327. 

Capt. Nathaniel, 212, 213. 

Samuel, 268. 

Samuel, 2nd, 268. 
Pope, Capt. Isaac, 232. 
Porter, Col. , 346. 

Aaron, 156. 

Ezekiel, 458. 
Portland, 257, 260, 266, 267, 269, 
277, 364, 365, 378, 404, 429, 
430, 443, 456, 459, 460. 

Convention, 365, 367, 376, 377. 

Port of, 438, 455. 
Portsmouth, 411. 
Potter, Hugh, 175. 
Powell, Capt. William, 213. 
Powers, Jonathan, 145, 146, 147. 
Pownalborough, 61, 63, 68, 129, 
130, 132, 137, 146, 210, 234, 
235, 277, 339, 355, 419, 452, 
460, 464. 
Pownall, Gov. Thomas, 248. 

Pratt, Mr. , 80. 

Pray, Joseph, 287. 

Joshua, 140, 159, 160, 291, 337. 
Preble, Ebenezer, 268, 269. 

Enoch, 268. 

Enoch, 2nd, 268. 

Henry, 268, 269. 

Isaias, 448. 

Jedediah, 460. 

Zebulon, 151. 
Prescott, , 265. 

James, 143. 
Presumpscot River, 15, 227, 228, 

402, 403, 404, 405. 
Price, Thomas, 199. 
Priest, a French, 238, 243, 244. 
Prime, Joseph, 290. 
Prince, Kimball, 37. 

Thomas, 79, 98, 104. 
Proctor, Levi, 432. 

Thomas, 327. 
Prout, Eben, 456, 457. 

John, 131. 
Providence, Ship, 15. 
Provincetown, 229. 
Pumpilly, Bernard, 282. 

John, 282. 
Purchase, Thomas, 85, 87, 115. 



m 



DOCUW ENTARY II [STORY 



Putnam, Gen. ■ 412. 

. 216, 217, 218, 219, 
22] 222 
Rufus, 13,' 18, 20, 30, 121, 122, 
242, 243, 245, 249, 385. 
Pychon, John, 262. 

William. 262. 
P i |, John, 3S0. 



Quebec, 1 18. 



Q 



K 



ley, Benjamin, 281. 
Rainham, '"• 
Rankin, Constant, 559. 

Hay, David, 323. 
Raymond, William, 143. 

nondston, 117,63,139,164, 
Raymondstown, \ 165, 229, 315, 
UaMiiononton, | 316, 320, 321, 

322, 331, 440, 442. 
Raynes, Joshua, 199. 
Record, David, 180. 
Dominicus, 180. 
Jonathan, 181. 
Reed, James, 200. 
John, 157, 158. 

ph. 355. 
Josiah, 406. 
Noah, 323. 
Paul, 214, 215, 216, 217, 218, 

219, 220, 221, 222. 
Samuel, L99, 389. 
Thomas, 268, 269. 
Thomas, 2nd, 268. 
Registry of Deeds in Every 

Township, 395, 396. 
Reynolds, William, 268, 269. 

William, 2nd, 268. 
Rhode Island, 212. 
Rice, Thomas, 2, 3, 68, 121, 122, 

L32, 242, 243, 245, 249. 
Rich, Capt. Elisha, 213. 

irds, , 398. 

irds, Jbs< ph, 2nd, 5. 
rdson, David, 436. 
Jonathan, 436. 
Joseph, 351, 389. 
Mos( s, 436. 
Pet< r. 399, 100. 
Ricker, G< rshom, 136. 
Jonathan, 289. 
Moses, 305. 
Noah, 287. 
Rider, John, ■ 
John. Jr., 125. 

worth, Richard, 88. 
i'h. 351. 



1 180, 181, 182, 225, 
s, \ 226, 227, 238, 272, 



Roads, 
Highways, 

318, 371, 373, 395, 397, 403, 
404, 405, 415, 416, 431, 437. 
Robats, Joseph, 181. 
Robins, Mr. , 50. 

Eliphalet, 378. 

Oliver, Jr., 59. 
Robinson, Asa, 181. 

Denison, 384. 

Increase, 180. 

Joseph, 180. 
Rochester, 165. 

Rodney, Admiral George B., 207. 
Rogers, Maj. , 370. 

Widow , 327. 

John, 418, 419, 420. 

Joshua, 268, 269. 

Joshua, 2nd, 269. 

Aloses, 425. 

Nathaniel, 140. 

William, 188. 
Rollins, T., 305. 
Roseway, Port of, 207, 208. 
Rowe, Caleb, 436. 

Ephraim, 436. 

Robert, 436. 
Royal, Adam, 282. 

River, 391. 
Rovalsborough, 17, 63, 139, 164, 

165, 229, 249. 
Rumson's Point, 31, 32. 
Russel, Isaac, 432. 

Samuel, 131. 

Walter, 389. 
Rutland, 346. 

S 

Sabasticook River, 416. 
Sachem, definition of, 109. 
Sackett, Nathaniel, 65. 
Saco River, 133, 142, 143, 155. 
Saddle Island, 360, 361. 
Sagadahoc, 85, 104. 

River, 90, 95, 103, 104, 116, 
117. 
Sagamore, definition of, 109. 
Sage, David, 328. 
St. Andrews Goal, 151, 152. 
St. Croix, 142. 

River, 80, 130. 

Eustatia, 212, 233. 
St. Georges, 4, 17, 63, 137, 229. 

Lower Town, 164. 

River, 58. 
St. Johns, 152, 206, 249, 370. 

River, 369, 370. 
St. Martens, ) 
St. Martins, j 184, 233. 



INDEX 



485 



St. Peters, N. F., 216. 

Salem, 17, 239, 258, 260, 276, 278, 

295. 
Salaries, 270. 
Salmon, 1, 86, 103, 133, 263, 356. 

Fishing Act, 1, 2. 
Sampson, ) 
Samson, ) Be[ ] ah, Jr., 281. 

Charles, 339, 340, 379. 

James, 174, 281. 

John, 399. 

Joseph, 282. 

Levi, 398. 

Stephen, 199. 

Zoar, 281. 
Sanborn, David, 436. 

Jeremiah, 436. 

Simeon, 435. 
Sandford, ) 17, 63, 137, 140, 141, 
Sanford, 5 187, 188, 223, 224. 
Sandwich, 229. 
Sandy River, 156, 415. 
Sangster, Peter, 425. 
Sargant, Bngman, 351. 
Sargent, Col. Paul Dudley, 14, 
160, 161, 162, 168, 169, 170. 

Nathaniel Peaslee, 163. 

William, 351, 353. 
Savage, Daniel, 458. 

Isaac, 378. 

Isaac, 2nd, 378. 
Sawomset, 74. 
Sayer, Benjamin, 185, 186. 

Capt. Samuel, 147, 148, 149. 
Sayward, John, 223, 224. 
Scamman, James, 448. 
Scammons, Daniel, 56. 
Scarborough, 63, 139, 271, 442, 

443, 444, 445, 446. 
Schoodic, I 

Schooduc, ) River, 19, 238. 
School, Grammar, 20. 
Seaders, see Cedars, the. 
Seaflower, Capt. William, 233. 
Seageenin, William, 351. 
Seamman, Samuel, 133. 
Seaward, Capt. William, 125, 184, 

232, 233. 
Sebascodegin Island, 84, 85, 86, 

90. 
Sedgwick, Mr. , 189. 

Theodore, 29. 

Theodore, Jr., 445. 
Seeward, Capt. William, 232, 233. 
Seguin Island, 198, 199. 
Sergant, Dimond, 351. 
Seven Hundred Acre Island, 360, 

361. 
Sevey, John, 146. 



Sewall, Judge , 125, 154, 184, 

185 296 

Daniel, 184, 185, 292, 293, 294, 
296. 

David, 126, 154, 184, 233. 

Dummer, 199, 273, 415. 

Capt. Henry, 452, 454. 

.Moses, 378. 

Capt. Samuel, 125, 184. 

Thomas, 378. 
Sexton, David, 214. 
Shad, 1, 356. 
Shakford, John, 172. 
Shapleigh, ) 63, 135, 137, 159, 
Shapleighton, ) 187, 188, 254, 335, 
337, 338. 

Maj. Nicholas, 85. 
Shaw, Benjamin, 273, 351. 

Ebenezer, 436. 

H. S., 353. 

Nathaniel, 351. 

Shaw, Joseph, 436. 

Josiah, 436. 

Sargant, 436. 

William, 351. 
Sheafer, Jacob, 290. 
Shearman, Havens, 167. 
Shed, Zaccheus, 351. 
Sheepscot Harbor, 214. 

Meadows, 92. 

River, 66, 67, 68, 81, 91, 92, 116, 
117, 200, 210. 
Sheffield, William, 175. 
Shelburne, 203. 
Shemong River, 363. 
Shepardstown, 139, 229. 
Shepherd, Mr. , 15. 

Alexander, Jr., 427. 

Maj.-Gen. William, 211. 
Shepherd's Plan, 115. 
Sheppardsfield, 180, 181, 182, 459. 
Sherburne, 229, 276, 345. 

Sarah, widow, 327. 
Shirley, James, 426. 
Shorey, Benjamin, 136. 

Samuel, 136. 
Shurtleff, Capt. Francis, 37, 38, 

39. 
Shute, John, 333. 
Silvester, David, 355. 

see Sylvester. 
Simmons, Barnabas, 380. 

Joseph, 380. 

Moses, 380. 

Nathaniel, 380. 

Stephen, 380. 

Zebedee, 380. 
Simons, John, 175. 
Simonton, John, 59. 



186 



DOCl M l. S TAWY II [STOET 



Bimpson, < !apt Jos., L5 1. 

. 293. 
Binder, Joshua, 152, 453, 454. 
Sisquehannar River, 363. 
Small Point, 84, 171. 

Poinl Harbor, 85, SG, 90. 

Samui 1. 29, L75. 
Smart, John, 209. 
Smead, I >a\ Id, 356. 
Smith, Mr. , 357. 

Allison, 156. 

Henry, 273. 

Isaac 263, 264. 

Joseph, 340. 

Jotham, 377. 

Oliver, 59. 

Stephen, 12, 212, 213. 

Thomas, 426. 

Capt. William, 213. 

Zeba, 282. 
Snell, Thaddeus, 378. 
Snow, Basigman, 175. 

Benjamin, 425. 

Isaac, Jr., 175. 

Isreal, 174. 

Jeremiah, 175. 

Jesse, 175. 

John, 175. 

John, Jr., 175. 

Joseph, 175. 

Joseph, Jr., 175. 

Samuel, 175. 
Snug, John, 174. 

i setshire, 134. 
Sorvall, Stephen, 199. 
Souhigan, West, 169, 170. 

Southgate, William, 442, 444. 
Sowadabscock Stream, 416. 
Spaflord, Jonathan, 355. 
Spain, 192. 

Spalding, ) Benjamin, 180. 
Bpaulding, ) 

Bleazer, 432. 

Eleazer, Jr., 399, 432. 

1:1 [ |, 398. 

John, 431. 

Josiah, 399, 432. 

Seth, 398, 131. 

William, 399, 431. 

William, Jr., 398. 

<\ 6apt. Jonathan, 59. 

William, 59. 
Sp> il.-n, Jeames, 351. 
Spencer, 345. 

Daniel, 209. 

. 119, 201. 
Joseph. L99. 
Thomas, 189. 



Sprague, continual. 

William, 378. 
Springer, John, 56. 
Springfield^ 357. 

Newspapers, 19. 
Squahegon Falls, 96. 
Stafford County, see Strafford 

County. 
Standish, 227, 228, 433, 435, 450, 

459. 
Stanton, Benjamin, 290. 
Staples, Noah, 140, 225. 
Stearns, Mr. , 118. 

Benjamin, 145. 

Isaac, 356. 

John, 145. 
Stephen's Carrying Place, 84. 

River, 84. 
Sterlington, } 

Sterlingtown, j 17, 63, 138, 229. 
Stetson, Hezekiah, 181. 
Stevens, Daniel, 377. 

Jacob, 282. 

Thomas, 282. 
Steward, Daniel, 399. 

James, 464. 

Phinehas, 264. 

William, 429. 
Stickney, Benjamin, 378. 

John, 327. 

Thomas, 378. 
Sailings, Samuel, 289. 
Stillman, George, 131, 133. 
Stinson, John, 8, 23, 200, 432, 
433. 

William, 464. 
Stone, Capt. Jonathan, 412. 

William, 378. 
Stonehouse, Robert, 199. 
Storer, Benjamin, 333. 

E., 141. 

Eben, 268. 

Eben, 2nd, 268. 

Joseph, 389, 390. 

Woodbury, 268, 269. 

Woodbury, 2nd, 268. 
Stover, John, 147. 
Stow, 345. 

Strafford County, 283, 293. 
Strong, Caleb, 401. 
Strout, David, 449, 429, 430, 449. 

David, 2nd, 449. 
Stroutwater River, 227. 
Studley, John, 379. 
Sturgeon, 86. 
Sturtevant, David, 181. 
Sudbury, Canada, 459. 
Suffolk County, 210, 276, 342, 345, 
390, 395, 407. 



IXDEX 



487 



Sullivan, James, 54, 157. 

John, 283, 287, 291, 292, 293, 
294, 297, 298, 299, 300, 301. 
Summer, Davis, 199. 
Suneook, 144. 
Sunkadarunk River, 95. 
Sunkhaze River, 237, 241. 
Swall, Samuel, 153, 154. 
Swan Alley, 81, 116. 
Swan Island, 95, 98, 99. 
Swan, James, 14. 
Swanton, William, 199. 

William, Jr., 199. 
Sweat, Solomon, 425. 
Sweet, John, 141. 
Sweetland, Nathan, 377. 
Swetland, Ebenezer, 161. 
Swett, Benjamin, 436. 

John, 344. 
Sylvester, 63, 139, 163, 164, 165, 
459. 

Mr. , 357. 

David, 210, 345,355. 

Joseph, 143. 



T 

Tafuch, 77. 

Tarbell, Joseph, 399. 

Tarr, Nathaniel, 209. 

Tasuch, 109. 

Tate, Capt. , 264. 

Robert, 288. 
Taunton, 276. 
Tayler, William, 234. 
Taylor, Col. , 22. 

Dr. , 412. 423. 

John, 407, 408. 
Teague, Beniah, 181. 
Teal, Oliver, 294. 
Tebbets, Joshua, 288. 
Teconet, 77, 109, 110. 

Falls, 81, 95, 96, 97, 106. 
Templeton, 346. 
Tewksbury, 345. 
Thacher, Josiah, 342, 356, 435. 
Thatcher, Josiah, 14. 
Thaxter, Henry, 230. 
Thomas, Mr. , 50, 119, 201. 

Charles, 175, 360. 

Consider, 175. 

David, 140, 453. 

Joshua, 175, 380. 

Waterman, 132, 380. 
Thomaston, 58, 59, 63, 137. 

Thompson, Mr. , of Middle- 

boro, 341. 

Ezekiel, 174. 

Capt. George, 232. 



Thompson, Joseph M., 333. 

Samuel, 175, 199. 

William, 442, 444, 446, 447. 
Thorns, John, 425. 

William, 425. 
Thomson, Charles, 44, 124, 194. 

William, 59. 
Thorndike, Ebenezer, 142, 449. 
Thornton, James, 175. 
Thurlo, James, 181. 
Thurston, Elizazbeth, 275. 
Timing, Nathaniel, 23, 132, 458. 
Tibbets, ) 
Tibets, ) Abner, 209. 

George, 209. 

John, 426. 

Jonathan, 224. 

Philip, 136. 

Capt. Samuel, 213. 
Tisbury, 276. 
Titcomb, 1 
Tetcomb, ] Gen. , 216. 

Mr. , 427. 

Henry, 269. 

Henry, 2nd, 269. 

Maj.-Gen. Jonathan, 210, 216, 
219, 221. 
Toconett, see Teconett. 
Tolman, Isaiah, Jr., 59. 
Topsham, 63, 89, 90, 137, 157, 158, 
164, 459. 

Mill, 5, 57. 
Tourtellet, Abraham, 209. 

Reuben, 209. 
Towasset Bay, 81, 82. 
Town Meetings, A Bill for Regu- 
lating, 162. 
Townships, A Bill for Regu- 
lating, 162; new, 141, 155; 
and Harvard College, 142, 
143; size of 417, 418. 

No. Five, 180, 249, 250, 449. 

No. Four, 429, 449. 

No. One, 180, 449. 

No. Six, 180, 429, 449. 

No. Ten, 250, 392. 

No. Three, 425. 

No. Two, 425. 

see also, under Plantations. 
Townsend, 143. 
Townson, Thomas, 155. 
Tracy, Asa, 353. 

Jonathan, Jr., 353. 
Trade Island, 19. 
Treat, Robert, 209, 426. 
Trevett, Richard, 125, 126, 153, 
154, 183, 184, 185, 232, 233. 
Trim, Godfree, 360. 
True, Marshfield, 282. 






IHHMMKNTARY IIISTOET 



Truro, 163, 164. 
Trusant, David, 199. 
Tucker, John, 200, 219, 290. 

Capt. Joseph, 184. 

Moses, 436. 

William. L80. 
Tudor, William, 40. 
Tufts, Cotton, 118, 239, 256, 335, 

449. 
Tupper, William, 133. 
Turner, Alexander, 379. 

Consider, 199. 

Elisha, 359. 
Tuttle, Mr. , 151, 152. 

Samuel, 131, 172. 
Twiss, Stephen, 282. 
Twitchell, .Moses, 142. 
Tylar, Capt. John, 213. 
Tyler, Jonathan, 180. 
Tyng, Edward, 87, 88. 
Tyringham, 346. 

U 

Ulmar, Phillip, 340. 

Union, 405, 406, 407, 408. 

River, 129, 130, 131, 156, 324, 
350, 351, 352, 373, 429, 430, 
448. 
River, East Side, 138. 

United States, 7, 21, 24, 41, 42, 
43, 44, 52, 65, 69, 130, 134, 
146, 148, 150, 151, 152, 153, 
171, 172, 187, 190, 191, 192, 
193, 214, 221, 230, 231, 280, 
354, 366, 389, 422, 443. 

United States Congress, 41, 42, 
43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 51, 52, 65, 
69, 124, 150, 152, 153, 171, 
188, 189, 190, 191, 193, 194, 
197, 255, 284, 299. 

United States Minister, 69. 

Upton, 17, 346. 

Usserunscutt, { 

Usserunsett, j 77, 82, 106, 107. 
River, 112. 



Valuations, Continental, 
Varnum, Joseph B., 149, 

297, 367. 
Varrell, ('apt. Solomon, 
Vassalborough, 63, 137, 

437, 451, 453. 
Vassal, William, 32. 
Veazey, Thomas, 328. 
Vessels, } 67, 120, 152, 
Ships, [179, 200, 202, 
Etc., I 210, 212, 213, 

218, 220, 221, 230, 

265, 329, 368, 369, 



17. 

150, 256, 

126, 183. 

151, 436, 



177, 178, 
203, 208, 
214, 215, 
232, 264, 
370. 



Vessels, continued. 

Abigail, the sloop, 125, 153, 

154, 184, 232. 
Active, the sloop, 232. 
Ann, the schooner, 217, 221. 
Aurora, the sloop, 232. 
Betsey, the schooner, 212, 213. 
Catherine, the ship, 206. 
Cincinnatus, the ship, 213. 
Dispatch, the sloop, 213. 
Dolphin, the schooner, 213. 
Dove, the schooner, 213. 
Elizabeth, the ship, 212, 213. 
Falcon, the sloop, 213. 
Fancy, the schooner, 184, 232, 

233. 
Fanny, the sloop, 123, 213. 
Hannah, the brigantine, 154, 

213. 
Hector, the ship, 60. 
Industry, the schooner, 232. 
Industry, the sloop, 154. 
John, the schooner, 184. 
Julius Ceasor, the schooner, 

23° 
Katy, the sloop, 212, 213. 
Lark, the schooner, 125. 
Little John, the schooner, 184. 
Lively, the schooner, 154, 232. 
Lively, the sloop, 125. 
Lucy, the schooner, 213. 
Magog, the sloop, 213. 
Nancy, the schooner, 213. 
Olive Branch, the brigantine, 

213. 
Olive Branch, the schooner, 

213. 
Polly, the brigantine, 125, 153, 

154, 185. 
Polly, the schooner, 125, 126, 

184 232. 
Polly,' the sloop, 212, 213. 
Rainbow, the ship, 67. 
Ranger, the sloop, 232. 
Resolution, the schooner, 213. 
Reward, the schooner, 212, 213. 
Sally, the boat, 233. 
Sally, the schooner, 125, 184. 
Sally, the sloop, 184, 213. 
Scarboro, the sloop, 213. 
Seaflower, the boat, 184, 232. 
Seaflower, the schooner, 233. 
Seaflower, the sloop, 153, 154, 

233. 
Speedwell, the sloop, 125, 126, 

154, 184, 232, 233. 
Sylvania, the sloop, 213. 
Thomas, the sloop, 212, 213. 
Tryal, the sloop, 232. 



INDEX 



489 



Vessels, continual. 

Two Friends, the schooner, 
125, 154, 184, 232. 

Two Friends, the sloop, 213. 

Union, the schooner, 154, 184, 
232. 
Vinal, Ezekiel, 380. 

Francis, 379. 

John, 123, 124. 

William, 217, 222. 
Vose, John, 136. 



W 

Wade, Benjamin, 377. 

Jacob, 380. 
Wadsworth, Gen. Peleg, 68. 

Wait, 142. 
Wainwright, John, 89. 
Waite, John, 258, 259, 261, 262, 
269, 330, 364, 365. 
John, 2nd, 269. 
Waldo Claim, the, 36, 411. 
Estate, ) 

Lands, } 13, 28, 35. 
Waldo, Francis, 28, 32, 35, 60, 61, 
413. 
Patent, 416, 417. 
Brig.-Gen. Samuel, 28, 29, 35, 
61, 411, 413, 414. 
Waldoborough, 17, 63, 137, 277, 
339, 340, 379. 
Meeting House, 379. 
Wales, 137, 229. 

Mr. , 119. 

Walker, Benjamin, 377. 
John, 351. 
Joseph, 327. 
Supply, 327. 
Wall, Andrew, 25, 26. 
Wallingford, Thomas, 284, 305. 
Walpole, ) 
Walpoole, j 17, 63, 137, 229. 

Ward, Mr. , of Salem, 239, 

278. 
Artemas, 71, 149, 156, 161, 166, 
168, 169, 173, 204, 211, 215, 
218, 226, 228, 239, 251, 254, 
256, 258, 273, 277, 278, 283, 
317, 320, 322, 323, 326, 333, 
335, 336, 337, 341, 342, 348, 
351, 354, 359, 408. 
Jabez, 376. 
Ware, Jesse, 275. 
Phinehas, 275, 376. 

Warner, Maj.-Gen. , 211. 

Warren, 63, 137, 340. 
David, 181. 
Gilbert, 140. 



Warren, continued. 

J., ) 297, 334, 356, 357, 

James, J 359, 367, 374, 386, 
390, 392, 394, 398, 399, 401, 
402, 405, 406, 412, 418, 422, 
449, 450, 455, 459, 460, 461, 
462. 
John, 180. 
Josiah, 398, 432. 
Peter, 268, 269. 
Peter, 2nd, 268. 
Warumbee, 84, 85, 86, 88, 114. 
Warumskiek, 95. 
Warwick, 17. 
Washington, 137, 165, 167, 168, 

229, 415. 
Washomacke, 83. 
Washrong River, 83. 
Wasshemet, 77, 82, 106, 109, 110, 

113. 
Watchogo, 79, 110. 

Wife of, 78. 
Waters, Henry, 87, 88. 

Samuel, Jr., 200. 
Watertown, 240. 
Watson, David, 59. 

John, 328. 
Wave, Elijah, 275. 
Way, Eleazer, 87. 
Weare, Capt. Jeremiah, Jr., 232. 

John, 154. 
Webb, William, 123, 199, 231, 

264. 
Webber, Elijah, 363. 
Webs River, 272. 
Webster, Andrew, 209. 
Thomas, 268. 
Thomas, 2nd, 268. 
Thomas, 3rd, 268. 
Weed, James, 59. 
Weeks, Joseph, 269. 

Sivearns, 199. 
Weffrumkeeg, 96. 

Weir, Mr. , sheriff, 151, 231. 

Welch, Paul, 291. 

Capt. William, 233. 
Wells, 63, 136, 139, 140, 141, 147, 
148, 223, 224, 225, 229, 389, 
390. 

Mr. , 148, 156. 

Nathaniel, 14, 20, 118. 
Robert, 140. 
Wentworth, Lemuel, 380. 
Mark, 264. 
Moses, 426. 
Thomas, 302, 304. 
Wescott, Lemuel, 131. 
Weskrong, 109. 
Wesserunlkeik, 76. 



!!MI 



DOCUMENTARY HISTORY 



Wesserunsett, 96, 105, 106, 107, 
L08, 109, ill. H-. 113, 115. 

EUver, 7", 72, 77. 79, 80, 113, 
117, 118, 263. 
Western Mark island, 360, 361. 
Western Ten Itory, the, 42. 
Westfield, L65. 
Westford, 345. 
Wei I Indies, 126, 153, 154, 184, 

203, 212, 232, 368. 
West Isles, 230. 
West, Judah, 56. 
Weston, Eli, 264. 

Joseph, 264. 

Nathan, 458. 

Samuel, 319. 

Stephen, 264. 
Westport, 382, 383, 401. 
W< st Springfield, 449. 
Wetmore, Sarah, 28, 35, 36. 

William, 28, 35, 36. 
Weymouth, 165. 

Samuel, 333. 
Wharton, , 114, 115, 116, 117. 

Richard, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88. 
Wheaton, Col'*., 4. 

Wheeler, , widow, 229, 230, 

343. 
Whetcomb, Silas, 436. 

Thomas, 399. 
Whiddon, Ebenezer, 426. 
Whitaker, Nathaniel, 263, 429. 
Whitcomb, Charles, 432. 

Thomas, 432. 
White, Mr. , 449. 

Benjamin, 377. 

Edward, 351. 

Island, 237, 241, 249. 
White, Jeremiah, 387. 

John, 264, 319, 429, 432, 433. 

Capt. John, 432. 

Joseph, 199. 

Robert, 186. 

Thomas, 355. 
Whiting, John, 275, 281, 376. 

Jonathan, 464. 

Joseph, 275. 

Joshua, 145. 

Lewis, 274. 

Mary, 275. 

Thurston, 379. 
Whitmore, Francis, 264, 265. 

John, 199. 
Whitney, Jerimiah, 282. 
Whittemore, William, 389. 
Whitten, Humphrey, 140. 

I'liineas, 353. 
Whittier, Jacob, 223. 

William, 151, 464. 



Widgery, Capt. William, 212, 213. 
Wigglesworth, John, 141. 
L., 141. 

Wilder, Abel, 278. 

Willett, Thomas, 79. 

Willey, Samuel, 136. 

William III, of England, 80, 113. 

Williams, .Mrs. , of Deerfield, 

341. 

Amos, 360. 

Obadiah, 437. 

Samuel, 360. 

Shubel, 360. 

Thomas, 199. 
Williamsburg, 165. 
Williamstown, 230. 
Willson, James, 174. 
Wilscasset Point, 25. 
Wilson, Joseph, 326. 
Winchell, John, 174. 
Winchester, 360. 
Windham, 63, 139, 229. 
Windsor, 383, 384. 
Winegance Point, 90. 
Wine-meuel, 88. 
Wingate, John, 155. 
Winlord, Reuben, 136. 
Winn, Capt. Samuel, 154, 184, 

232. 
Winslow, 63, 137, 151, 165, 233, 
234, 235, 363, 393, 394, 395, 
397, 398. 

Abner, 355. 

Carpenter, 273. 

Edward, 76, 79. 

Isaac, 32, 363, 364, 413, 414. 

Isaac, 2nd, 4, 363, 364, 413, 
414. 
Winslow, Jonathan, 273. 

John, 78, 79, 112. 

Samuel, 413, 414. 

Williams, 355. 
Winston, 460. 
Winter, Mr, , 256. 

Fra., 345. 
Winthrop, 17, 20, 63, 137, 151, 
163, 164, 459. 

James, 142. 
Wiscasset, ] 
Witscaset, } 210. 
Witchscaset, j 

Bay, 92. 

Company, 91, 92, 116. 

Point, 25, 198. 
Wiswell, David, 426. 

Samuel, 425. 
Witherell, Charles, 432. 

James, 140, 159, 160, 337, 338, 
339. 



INDEX 



491 



Witherell, continued. 

Obadiah, 398, 432. 

Wolcot, Mr. , 80. 

Wolls, David, 378. 

Wolves Certificates, 385, 386, 387. 

Wood, Aaron, 147. 

Daniel, 289. 

Jonathan, 199. 

Oliver, 399. 

Samuel, 175. 
Woodberry, see Woodbury. 
Woodbridge, Benjamin, 68. 

Norton, 294. 

Paul Dudley, 292, 293, 294. 
Woodbery, J 
Woodbury, ( Peter, 429, 430, 449. 

Peter, 2nd, 449. 
Woodman, John, 136, 337. 

Paul, 136. 
Woodward, James, 275, 376. 

Noah, 378. 

Peter, 175. 
Woolwich, 17, 63, 137, 186. 
Worcester, 277. 

Newspapers, 19. 
Worcester County, 211, 277, 342, 
345, 401, 402, 406, 407, 422. 
Worth, Samuel, 327. 
Worthington, Mr. — , 80. 



Wright, Daniel, 351. 
Wyman, Francis, 432, 433. 
Nathaniel, 199. 



Yates, Francis, 132. 

John, 351, 436. 
York, 125, 126, 136, 140, 
184, 223, 225, 276, 
291, 293, 294, 298, 
Port of, 125, 153, 183, 
233. 
York County, 49, 63, 83 
141, 144, 145, 148, 
163, 164, 165, 166, 
187, 211, 222, 223, 
251, 253, 254, 276, 
286, 293, 298, 302, 
316, 317, 326, 331, 
337, 342, 343, 345, 
378, 389, 401, 402, 
415, 416, 422, 447, 
York, Nicholas, 136. 
Young, Caleb, 181. 
Edward, 23. 
Capt. Jonathan, 213. 
Noah, 353. 
, Jonathan, 389. 



141, 


154, 


285, 


289, 


450. 




184, 


232, 


i, 88, 


136, 


155, 


159, 


167, 


184, 


229, 


232, 


283, 


285, 


305, 


315, 


332, 


335, 


357, 


377, 


409, 


410, 


450, 


457. 



UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA LIBRARY 

Los Angeles 

This book is DUE on the last 

date stamped below. 



KTC'D LD-UWC 



JAN 2 1 1978 

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